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Full text of "An analytical vocabulary of the New Testament"

TH F 

•JOHN -FRYER* 
•CHINESE- LIBRAP.Y- 




Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2008 with funding from 

Microsoft Corporation 



http://www.archive.org/details/analyticalvocabuOOballrich 



fi 



AN 



ANALYTICAL VOCABULARY 



OF TMK 



NEW TESTAMENT 



BY 



F. W. BALLER 



PBKrAUKU FOR THE l\^L' OF JUMoli MEMUKHiS OF lUE UUINA lyiASD MJhfilON 



SHANGHAI 

CHINA INLAND MISSION 

AND 

AMERICAN PRESBYTEKIAN MISSION TUESS 



Main Lib. 

JOHN FRYER 
CHINESE LIBRARY 

PRICE TWO DOLLARS AND A HALF. 



PREFACE. 



A FKW years ago au effort was made to aid newly-arrived missionaries in tlieir early 
studies, by the publication of a small Vocabulary containing all the characters found 
in the Gospel of St. John. It was arranged under the Radicals and contained such 
expressions as would be useful in mission work. Since then many have expressed a 
desire for something similar on a larger scale — for a portable volume containing- 
enough information to enable anyone to read the New Testament. The present 
work (the tirst New Testament Vocabulary published in the Mandarin Dialect) 
has been prepared to meet this desire, and to seek by the analysis of characters 
to render intelligible what seems a maze of mystery to a new-comer. Perhaps a 
few words of explanation of the Analytical Method may not be out of place here. 

Without attempting to discuss the principle according to which at first 
Chinese characters were written, or how they assumed their present form, Que 
fact is very evident ; viz., that a large number of them may be roughly divided into 
two parts; and that these parts constantly recur in different characters. And a 
further fact is also apparent; viz., that what is in many cases the smaller part — 
the Radical — has been added with a view to give a general clue to one or 
more of the principal meanings of the cliaracter in question. The main pare 
of the character — the Primitive or Phonetic — thus bears a slight analogy to the 
root of a word in English, while the Radical has a distant resemblance to a 
prefix or a suffix. Hence, if the Primitive is known the task of learning the 
character of which it forms a part is greatly simplified. This is evident for a 
two-fold reason. In the first place, all that is added to the Primitive is in most 
cases a different Radical, with which the learner is supposed to be familiar. 
And, in the second place, as the Radical often gives a general idea of the 
primary meaning, scope is given for the operation of the Law of Association — a law 
which works most powerfully in the study of hieroglyphics. 

As an illustration take the character (^) i^co, meaning to wrap. Having 
learnt its form and meaning, it is no great effort to remember that with the 
icater ( y') radical it forms (^^) p'ao, to soak ; with the foot ( g ) radical (|^) p'ao, to 
run ; with the hand (t}') radical (|g) pao, to embrace ; with the clothes ( | ) radi- 
cal (H) p'ao, a gown ; and with the food (^) radical {^) pao, satisfied. 

Or again : if (/^) ling, a law, is learnt, it is easy to recollect that with the 
addition of ( P) mouth it makes (^) mliig, to command ; with ( ^ ) if^icie (^) leng^ 
cold; with {^) head (^) /my, to lead, and with (^) raindrop {^) ling, a fragment;. 



747769 



PREFACE- 

Tlie principle might be wielely illustrated, but if a beginning is thus made, dissecting 
characters becomes a habit, which materially aids the memory to retain them. 

The characters are arranged under radicals and are defined. Immediately 
under each character the sound, meaning and tone are given of what is left 
when the radical is removed. Such characters as are derived from this remaining 
part are added, the Avord "Hence," indicating this fact. In some cases, where 
it is impossible to say of what the characters are composed, it has been thought 
more advisable to let them speak for themselves, than to give the reins to imagination 
regarding them. On such matters the wildest flights of fancy have been exercised. 

Many characters have a general similarity, while some differ from others by 
fi dot or a stroke only. In such instances it is very easy to mistake one character 
for another. In the case of those of the first class, the word *' Compare " is used to 
call attention to them ; while those of the second class are indicated by the word 
"Distinguish." Attention to this point will greatly facilitate accuracy in study. 

As may be supposed, the same words constantly recur under different 
characters which have the same Primitives. The value of this is, that it familiarises 
the student with the sight and construction of many of the commonest characters in 
the language every time he uses the book, and helps to impress them upon his 
memory almost without an effort. 

The definitions of all derived characters are necessarily terse. But as many 
oi: them occur in other parts of the book as separate and fully defined characters, 
the fuller meaning may easily be ascertained. "Where this is not the case, a 
jiative teacher will be able to give further explanation. They will thus form 
subjects for conversation on many topics. 

All phrases are grouped under the character with which they begin. This 
facilitates reference ; while having a straight line to represent the first character, 
makes the succeeding one stand out with greater distinctness. 

Some expressions will be found which are not contained in the New 
Testament. These have been added because of their general utility, and as 
being valuable in common intercourse. Had the scope of the book permitted. 
their number might have been almost indefinitely increased. 

The large characters have ione marks attached : the derivatives are numhered 
1, 2, ?) and 4 to indicate in the following order the first Four Tones : shang-p^ hicj 
(Jl ^ M-\ hsia-p'inf/ (f ^ Tgj, sltang-s/icng (_t ^), li' ii-sheng (-^ ^). The Fifth 
Tone, ruh-s/ifng (/\^ g), is indicated by a final "/j." The abbreviation N. A. stand> 
tor "Numerary Adjunct." 

The number of the radicals and the number of strokes in the character 
are placed at the top of the page. The words "Interchanged with" and "Used 
with," found in the definition of some characters, indicate that the character 
which follows them has the same sound and meaning as the one defined. 



I'UEl'ACE. 

It may not be without interest to mention that tbe number of different 
characters in the Peking version of the New Testament i3 2,304. These are 
distributed in the following order :— 

Matthew 1,4'JO Eplieaiaiis 17 ! Hel)ie\v3 27 

Mark 10,'i Philippiaiis 9 | The Epistle of James !> 

Luke 217 Colossians 5 j I. I'eter... !» 

John 8.") I. Thessalonians 7 ! II. Petei- 4 

The Acts 172 II. Thessalonians | I. John 

Kpistle to the Romans ... 51 I.Timothy 6 j II. John I 

I. Corinthians 41 II. Timothy 14 III. John (► 

II. Corinthians 10 Titus 1 | Judo 2 

(Jalatians S i Philemon 1 Revelation 68 

Making a grand total of 2,304. The Four Gospels alone, it will be observed, 
contain 1,834 — nearly eighty per cenl". — of this number. 

An Index of Chanicters, and an Index of Names of Persons and Places follow 
the Vocabulary. Both are arranged alphabetically for convenience of reference. 
The former should form a valuable test exercise in characters and tones. 

Appended will be found Brief Notes on some Common Characters and 
Idioms. These are the outcome of private reading, and are given with a view to 
supplement the definitions found in the Vocabulary. Many of the commonest 
and most frequently recurring characters are perhaps the most difficult to define. 
Certain shades of meaning and modes of use cannot be referred to in a brief 
definition : the Notes are added to help to make up this deficiency. 

The plan pursued has been to go carefully through the New Testament, 
noting and giving the places where such characters and idioms as might present 
diflSculty to the beginner occur. A comparison of their use cannot fail to be 
helpful, and may be useful in forming the habit of collecting examples of similar 
characters, with a view to understand their force, and the principles that underlie 
their use. 

The Notes are merely suggestive, not exhaustive. They are intended to be 
iiupplementary to the information given in such elementary works as a beginner 
generally uses. They Avill, it is hoped, enable him successfully to use such a 
vocabulary as he needs in imparting Christian truth. To make the unseen real, to 
make spiritual things live before the Chinese, is not an easy task. But it is 
simplified, if words conveying unusual ideas are skilfully manipidated ; a good 
deal of the strangeness is removed if the apples of gold are set in fillets of silver. 
Time was, when some of us had to climb the heights of a religious vocabulary 
over bales of merchandise, boxes of tea and chests of opium. This day, we trust, is 
passing away, as it is now becoming generally recognised that the study of 
the New Testament has a distinctly edticative power. Its diction is simple, its 
idiom plain, and it is remarkable how large is its vocabulary of subjects not 
directly religions. He who thoroughly masters it, has laid in a good stock of words 



PREFACE. 

ou subjects both secular aud sacred. Besides, it seetns oa the whole, bettor lo 
t'uruish the youug missionary with a selection of terms, which , will enable him 
as soon as possible to teach and expound the Gospel of Christ. In his own tonguo 
his fullest and most helpful experiences cluster round it. His thoughts have been 
moulded, his heart enriched by it. Filled with desire to win the Chinese to 
Christ, and anxious to communicate the only knowledge which gives life eternal, 
he should be aided to do so at the earliest possible date. If his vocabulary 
crystallize round the chief subject in his mind, and his tongue be loosed to 
speak of it, many words on other subjects will soon be added. As with increasing 
freedom he sets forth the riches of Christ, he will find at the same time a fulness of 
utterance on such subjects as he needs to illustrate his glorious theme. 

The preparation of the book has been a labour of love — a labour which 
will have an abundant reward, if young missionaries are thereby enabled in any 
measure to exalt into His own peerless and unique position, above all system.^! 
of false philosophy and religion, Him, Who is not only the Light of Asia, but also 
tlie Light of the World. 

F. W. Baller. 

<tANKIN'<J, 

Onober, 1S03. 



AN 

ANALYTICAL VOCABULARY 

OF THE ■>•' ' 

NEW TESTAMENT. •''■■^ 



The 1st Radical. 

) One ; iiiiitj. The same. 
ih As soou as. 

Hence ^ fien'^, lieaven ; 5jc moli, tlie 
end ; 7|i pe)i^, a root ; "g" jje/t, u hundred. 

I [^ togetlier. 

I ^ a part ; a tenth. 

1 ^ a liair ; the smallest jiart. 

I ^ one — flower. 

I ^ tlie same ; alike. 

1 |vf> a cn]>fnl ; a cup. 

I 5^ together. 

1 13 one — pearl. 

1 ^ a cli(p"ie ; a party. 

I ^f. a row ; a line. 

I ^ a trifle ; yoVo P'^^i't of an ounce. 

I ■§■ one liundred. 

] ^ a half. 

1 }y a slice ; a — cloud. 

I % the same road ; together. 

1 -^ the whole of ; all. 

I ^ the same kind ; alike. 

I ^ one family ; of the same household. 

I M '^ fl^^ai-ter of an hour ; a short time. 

I 15 '^ gi'ain — of rice. 

] ff: an article ; a — garment. 

I fi one ; a — gentleman. 

I {]%, a length. 

] ^ a sound. 

1 ^^ a time ; at once ; in a little while. 

1 -^ together. 



f once. 


M the same ; similar pi-inciple. 


PJ: un 


formly; hahitnally. 


lal 


lyer ; a storey. 


il " one dry," to air for a little time. 


5'1-ai 


iut; Vo ofa^. 


ii 'I year. 


I^J a weiglit of 30 " catties ; " used for 




a '• talent." 


^ one look ; as soon as ohserved. 


mm 


a herd of swine. 


^m 


a sheep. 


m^ 


a hand. 


mm 


a foot. 


mm 


a tent ; a Ijooth. 


mm 


an upper building ; a stoi-ey ; a 




tower. 


mm 


a donkey. 


mm 


a temple. 


mm 


a tablet ; a sign. 


mm 


a street ; a thorough fore. 


^km 


a quotation ; a speech. 


^ w 


a sentence ; a saying. 


^m 


a thousand myriads — a large 




indefinite number. 


mm 


an altar. 


mm 


a bundle of firewood. 


mm 


an instant ; a short time. 


mm 


a ball of mud. 


riM 


a city. 


m.it 


a piece of ground. 


mm 


of the same class. 



VOCABULART. 



1—2 



1 5& ^ 65 to come togetlier ; coming 


I E ^ *??^ a white horse. 


■ • - .at the same time. 


I W ^ W ^ one side facing the soutli- 


I ^ 1^ i^ '^e^ ,9p©k&" as soon as lie 


west. 


I if^mi aiiafrof Uiehead. 


c J Au iudividual ; a persou. 


I ■^IkM'P ^ i-eed. 


ting 


1 ik M IF a caue. 


From j />P0^, a barb. Hence pj" Ico^, 


I Mf^ ^^ * a dot and a stroke. 
I ^ — i!i a lifetime. 


mig-lit ; ^J ta\ to heat j f]* thuj^, a nail ; 


pT ting^, to edit ; pj tine/, to enjoin; ff 
tiiig^, a piuiple. 


I :^ — 0J at every movement ; be- 


1 ^ poll tax. 


luiA'ionr. 




I M ^ is a piece of silver money.' 
I M ^ •? a piece of silver. 


"l^:, Seven. 
ts'ih 


\ ^ ^ M ^ stone ; a piece of stone. 


Hence -^ ts'ieh, to slice. 


I >(> ~ M of one heart and one mind. 




1 ^ S m a field. 


1 7)^ seven times. 


I fi ^ H a finger. 


I + f@ seventy. 


I (0 fit -^ a period of two hours. 


I i|t ^; seventh descendant. 


I H3 m A one or two people. 
I ^ §5 A of the same company. 


^JA* a measure of ten feet. 


\ ^ ii 1J ^^ exhibition of power ; help. 


cliang An elder ; a senior. 


I P fpj "b '^itb united voice ; of the 


From 5^ iu^, also. Hence '^ Zi'*, an 




officer ; '^ shi\ a messenger ; ^ chaug'^. 


same sentiments. 


to trust to ; j[^ chaiu/, a staff. 


! P-^ :^ M a great gust of wind. 


1 ^ a husband. 


I iC> ^ ff to l)elieve with the whole 


heart. 




\ 1£ "h'^ ^ large roll of cloth. 


c ^, Three. 


I ^ ilk J^ a district; a belt of country. 


s«yj 


1 3^ H (13 three in succession ; three 


1 5f three bushels. 


joined together. 


I ^ three times. 


I ^ ^ ^ an official despatch. 


I 5K the three lights — sun, moon and 


I fl>^ ^ ^ a poisonous suiil^e. 


stars. 


1 H- ^ ^ to know absolutely nothing. 


1 ^ thirty or forty feet. 


\ ^.^M ^'itliout a single thing. 


\ ^ :t —■ three-tenths. 


I P ^ "S" double-tongued. 


1 'S — ii the Trinity. 


\ trMM a dark cloud. 


I iS M ^T think thrice and then act. 


1 }x f^ ^ i\ white cloud. 


, n Above ; supreme. Read 


1 [J i: Ph] in the course of a day. 


\ ^^ ^^ Tu of an ounce of sih'er. 


shang shamf. To ascend. 


I ® 65 ^ a one-sided affair. 


From f> pull, to divine. 



A'OCABT'LARY. 



— 1 



^t God. 

ll] to i;-o up a liill. 

1^ to go to market. 

^ the u])pei- seat. 

■fl^f to go oil in front. 

"ilil the upper surface ; tlie to]), 

^ to notify ; for the iufornuition of. 

f^ to pay taxes. 

5f^ to ascend to heaven. 

^ to ^^o on hoard a vesseh 

2^ to come u[). 

S^^ ahove. 

[«|I to go into battle. 

jlf 6^ the best ; first class. 

^ T ^ ascending and descending. 



T 



Below; beneath ; inferior. 
To descend. 



From [> pult, to divine. 

^ to begin ; to lay hold of. 

^ to be cast into prison. 

^ come down ; to come down. 

i^ to cast rt net. 

j§ below. 

^J to come down a liill. 

"y ;)!§ to disembark. 



^ 



^- Not ; a negative. 



2<A 



Hence ^ liop, crooked ; ;^ pei"'^, a cup; 
.■^ /eo'\ ur not ; i^ j/ji, unbunic brick. 

^ cannot be done. 

P^ not only. 

i^ only ; but. 

^ must not ; do not ; not to want. 

^ unconscious ; unawares. 

^ to disregard. 

§ to disallow. 

M inijust. 



1 He un\v<irthy ; unlit. 


I fj[^ una1)]e. 


1 fh^ rf.^l't. 


I fn not only ; l)ut. 


I W\ b) neglt'ct ; not to care for. 


1 ^ disagreeable ; non-compliant. 


1 ^ not to dare ; a polite phrase. 


1 •^ to disagree. 


1 ifi^ unsuitable ; out of corres])ondeuce. 


I jj^ not to grant ; to refuse, as a 


petition. 


I J£, iasulficient. 


1 fij- unforeseen ; unexpected. 


J f^ not so ; if otherwise. 


1 ^n Liot e(pial to ; cannot do better 


than. 


1 fj to disagree ; not to tally. 


1 :^ devoid of talent. 


1 ^f to disagree. 


1 ^^ unlawful. 


j ^JJ not to submit ; to decline to 


acrpiiesce. 


1 fg* not to sjjare — labour. 


I ^ T ^^^'=1^^. 


I ^ M unimportant. 


I W m ^"^'^ equal to the honour ; a 


polite phrase. 


I M. U ^^' 1'<^ ii^» better. 


I f^ m. ^'^ ^^^'^P silence. 


I '{£ ^y neglectful ; unconcerned. 


I ii Wj ^^'^t ^^ listen to advice. 


I 1# B J^^ alternative ; the only thing 


l)ossible. 


I ^- ^# *^'^^ 0^ favour ; out of season. 


I ^ ^ ^^^t included ; irrelevant. 


I ^ ^ ^ unconscious ; unawares. 


I tt 7 %]t ^''^'I'K^t but s])eak. 


I ^ ffe ^ keep silence ; don't tell. 


I f^ ri-l ^ unlawful matters. 


I £^ ^ m lio li^ed to get angry. 



\ 3 



VOCABULARY. 



3—5 



\ }^ f. ^ in'eli,n-i()us aud uujiist. 




•qfr ) 

Y";'^ Aud ; also. Used to 
S^ ) strengthen a negative. 


\ ^£^ ^ not. included. 




\ J^ M fl^ to cnine to a difFereut cou- 

(dusion. 
\ '^ 7f> '^ no alternative but to accei)t. 






Hence ^ p'u^, universal ; ^j| f'em/, to 


1 ^ H H ii a few days. 


St 


•ike ; ^f peng\ to meet wiLh ; ^ is-i?i*, 


1 iU ^ K u<'t t<^ ^*^ aishanied of. 


to 

I 


flourish. 

_g[ moreover. 


M^ T-^o Leg for alms. A 


1 


^ 7^ Ijy "'J means. 


l-at beggar. 




The 2xd Eadical. 


Compare IH} viieir\ flour. Distinguisli 




1 A perpendicular stroke. 


D^ mien\ hidden. 








hncii 


J3L Moreover ; also. 




Hence i^j iiv\ to lead. 


tn' LG 




Y 

1 A fork. A female slave. 


From r'ih, the sun. Hence j[i|i ^9?(^, 




ancestor; |({1 /.swV:^, an elder sister; |§. tv/t^ 




' 


to rent; fj. ^s'n\ coarse; g][j ^6'a^, to help; 




Compare "]* lia(/, sign of the past tense. 


p£ ^s»^ to hinder. 


I 


g a female slave. 


iK An age. The world. A 


I 


B|l a slave girl. 




c*~P The middle or centre. 


shi generation of thirty 




years. 




chung Within. Pvcad diomf. 


Compare ^ k"i\ to reject. 




To hit the centre. To 


I J^' the world. 




attain. 


1 A nieu of the world ; mankind. 




From P Iced^, a mouth. Hence *, 




chon;/'-, loyal; ^^I-. It^iinn*, to sutter ; ^ 


I f"^ ,ii'euerations ; ages. 


cJiunc/, the feelinj^s ; <r}i cJt'oiuj'^, to dasli 


[ -^ the eldest son of a i)rince. 


ag 


aiiist; fijl choU(/, a second brother. 


1 ^ cnstonis of the world. 


I 


R^ in tlie midst of. 


I f^ tlie affairs of this life. 


I 


^ to obtain the M. A. degree. 


I lit ^!?; H ^vorld without end ; genera- 


I 


m C'liina. 


tion to generation. 


I 

I 


A a iniddle man ; a mediator. 
l^ a mediator. 


c"3^ To cast away ; to reject. 
tiio To lose. 




The 3rd Eadical. 




A point. 


From ^;. h'lV, to go. LTonce -}j} kicJi, to 
blunder: W- /;';V/a. i^Jir : ii. fal,^ -a h.u- 





I ^ to i-eject. 

I f" to tlirow doAvn. 

I ^ W to lose things. 



ticn 



.n 



c/ ^ Cinnabar; red. 
tail 



3—4 



YOCAP.ULARY. 



Hence j^ t'ii)i\ to fall iu ruins; j^j 
chaii^, a silken banner. 

~T^ A lord ; master. To act 

cliu as lord. 

From 5E nantj'^, a king. Tlenco {^ 

cliH^, to dwfll ; fjr U(i)ii/, U) ^o ; ^^ su\ 

])Iain ; ■^ taeJi, to rei)r()Ve; fTI: c/k6^ to 

explain ; '^ diu^, to gaze. 

I £ opinion. 

I ^ a controlling power ; the Lord. 

I 'Jl to manage. 

I f^ to govern ; to control. 

I ^ to hold the reins ; to take direction. 

The 4th Radical. 

y 5 A dasli ; a stroke to the 
2)'ieh left. 

Hence £E" '^''^^^~-> o"C of the Stems; i^> 
ink, certainly. 



lb 



But. 



Hence \]^ reinj^, n^nnl ; fpj reng^, to 
thr(jw ; ^ luii'', milk; ^ iiiu^, pregnant. 



%^ 



Li a 



L long time. Finally. 



From A rcn", a man. Hence JX ^i"'^; 
nine ; ^ Icin'^, chronic disease. 

c/^—r Sign of the possessive. A 
chi particle. It ; him. 

Distinguish ^ fait, tired. 

t J An interrogative particle, 
/i't At ; in. 

. Hence Pj /(u\ to call 



,^2,) T'o be iu want of. Weary. 

fa lb 

Hence f^ farb^, to float : ;£ c/i'\ sesn- 
mum ; n£ />/t'/<^, to disparage. Distinguish 
Z cla\ him. 

I JI5 in straits; short of. 
I f§ tired ; exhausted. 



(Hjb Cunning; crafty. Per- 
/vmi verse. 
I 3^ tricky. 
I ^ unreusouahle ; perverse. 

(5HC To avail of. To ascend. 
cli'eiKj To ride. Read clicnrj* 
or sliemf. N. A. of 
vehicles. 
Hence |e|j sheng*, overplus. 
I ^ ^ ^^ o^ i^^ ou a cloud. 
The 5th Radical. 

C— ^) One. The second of the 
ilo Ten Stems (^ ^). 

Hence t^ Maz/f/", to destroy; ^'L c/m/t, 
to pierce. 

yh Nine. 

From J p'ie/i, a dash. Hence {^ 

cJi'eo^, an enemy ; ^ /^^■(i^, in the end ; 

i^ I'iu^, a pigeon ; ;/{^ ttayt^ a pill ; ^ 
fc/iet^ an orbit. 

'tli^ Also ; even ; and. A fi- 

^« nal particle. 

Hence ^^ t\i\ he ; 1^ ti\ earth ; J£ 
s7i<\ to bestow ; ^ c/t'i?", a pooh 
I ;?; f5 also not enough. 
\ ^v^M also the same. 



VOCABULARY. 



2—1; 



^ei) To beg for alms. To eii- 
Tiih treat. 

Ilence |l£ cliVn, to cat; ^keh, a boil: 
f^ liih, to liuisb. 

I 15 a beggar. 



Milk. The breasts. To 
ra suckle. 

From ^fu^, to batch. Ileuce f^ fur, 
to flout. 

1 ^ frankincense. 

I -^ ic* .vet-nurse. 

I ^ to rear, as a young cbild. 

c"hG Dr}^ Clean. Keacl Jcteir. 
kan Heaven. 

From %\ han^, sunrise. Compare f|i 
Ican'^, ability ; ^j c/i'ao", a dyuasty ; ^ 
111111^, a pencil. 

I ^- clean. 



L 



Disorderly ; reckless. 



From ^ Inan'^, to govern. Compare 
g| iij-'i^, to excuse. 

I ^ to use recklessly. 
I 1^ to speak foolishly, 
I ^ to clamour. 

The 6th Radical. 



c J A barb. 
heo 
Hence "J* ting^, a person. 

J To complete. Sign of the 

l^ao past tense. A final 

loh particle. 
.1 ^ # startling; wonderful. 



•^*' An affair ; a matter. 
si Business. 

From — i//, one ; p k'eo^, the mouth ; 
and 3. ki\ a pig's bead. 

I jf matters ; business. 

I ^ to serve. 

I f^ business ; affairs. 

The 7th Radical. 
—A Two. 



c\Z^ To speak ; to f 



say 



From Jj^ s'i^, selfish. Hence ^ itiii^, 
clouds; Is "i'''> to hoe; ^ hueu', the 
soul. 



'i Five. 



From -fj Uh, strength. Hence f£ u^, 
five ; §^ u'\ 1, we; |§ m^, to speak. 

I + fifty. 

( U the Five Grains ; corn ; cereals. 
I 'i] 115 the feast of Pentecost. 

^H^ Mutual ; together. 

/no 

I ^ mutually ; reciprocally. 

71 A well. 
tsing 
Hence ^ keng^, to plough. Compare 
•j\ hong^, Joined hands. 

I ^ the side of a well. 

M. To fill. Universal. 
keng 



VOCABULARY 



A 



From fl iieli, tlie moon. Hence jUi 
heng", constant. C()Tn])iiro ^ tan\ sun- 
rise. Distinguish g hs'icn^, to revolve ; 
iuid ^ ///t'', mutual. 

\ -^ nM fVoniofold. 

c — \ A little ; a few. Sign of 
si'e the com})aratiYe. 

Hence J^ i.s-'z^, a defect; g^ i;6^^:\ wLisk- 
ers; ^ cVai-, firing; ^ tsi^, purple; lilt 
h't^, female of birds. 

iitL Iiafcrior. A character 
■'<i used iu names. 

Hence .^ o//, evil. Compare 36 2^'"^'f7^ 
also; ^ i(i^, dumb ; ^ /a^, dumb. 

The Sth Radical. 
f Above. 

Heuce >*; //J/, six. 



.-t 



To flic ; to perisli ; to be 
uang lost. 

Hence g nang"^, reckless ; ■£" viang", 
bearded wheat; ,^ uaiKj", to forget; 'tt! 
man'/, busy; W „a»_^^ to hope. 

c"^ To commit to. To be 
/.iao intimate with. 

From ^ fn\ a father. Hence f^ klao-, 
artful; \i^ ino^ to bite; |^ /ti'acA to com- 
pare; f3^ /:mo^ to strangle; ^ hsiao\ 
to imitate ; ^ //5mo^ to toil. 

I i^ to hand over to. 

I ^ to entrust to. 

I ^ ^0 give over to. 

I ^^ to pay duty. 

I P^ to join battle. 

I fi to associate with. 

I -^ to blend ; have intercourse with. 



:-^ The last of the Twelve 
li^l Branches (jiii "JC) ; 9-11 

p. m. 

Hence '-^hav, a child ; P^ Z:'e/i, a cough ; 
^ Aai\ ought; ^ /leh, startled. 
I ^ between 9 and 10 o'clock p.m. 

-^^^ To receive. To enjoy. 
/tsiunr/ 

From p Jceo^, a mouth ; and -^ ts'P, a 
son. Hence "^ //e?z.(/", successful ; f$. 
chuen^, to reiterate; %% cJi'iien-, a quail; 
||( shnen-, unmixed ; ^ iwe7i\ to em- 
pliasize. 

I ^ to accept ; receive. 
I ^g to enjoy happiness. 

c H% The metropolis ; a capital. 
Iclug 

From n Jceo^, an opening ; and jj, siao^, 
small. Hence J'^^ liang^, cool; ^^ /ioA, to 
plunder; -^ kiiif, prospect; |,^ ^/a?igf*, 
faithful. 

I ^P the capital city. 

Sru Light: bright; bright- 
Hang ness. 

From P Ic'eo^, a mouth ; and ^L ''O''.^'^ 
duties. Compare ^ lia^i-, to complete. 

I ^'d%ht. 

The 9th Radical. 

cy V A person ; a man ; a wo- 
ren man. 

Hence ts'hr, a prisoner ; ^ ^.^o"*, to 
sit ; ^ ?7iei-', each ; ^ s/^te'', a cottage. 
I ^ the people. 
I -? the Sou of Man. 
I i: H" ^ f^^ ordinary matter. 



p'uh 



To fiill to tlie earth. 



A 



VOCABULARY. 



From j> puJi, to divine. Hence ;f|* 
y/uli, plain; ^|^ p'uh, to push; ^\* iia'i^, 
outside; j^/(t*> to go to; |;^ /('S to au- 
iiounce a death. 
J §!) to fall down. 

c^ Now ; at present. 
I;in 
Hence ■^ nien^, to think ; ^ k'ln, a 
lute ; ^!^ ki)i^, overlap of a rohe ; |l^ in"^, to 
hum ; ^ k^Ui^, funeral clothes. 

I H to-day. 

I ^ the present life ; this generation. 

I ^^ to-uight. 

I H^ at the present time. 

I ^ the life tliat now is. 

I ^ ^ !^ the present and future life. 

c'j— ^ Benevolence ; liumanity. 
Ten Charity. 

From ~ ^■'?^ two. 
I ^ merciful and Just ; mercy. 
I ^ kindness. 
. I ^ compassion. 



m 



An enemy. Hatred. 



die 



From % Jciir, nine. Hence ^ suh, 
dawn ; .ff, kuei^, a rut ; ^ kiu\ to discuss ; 
j&^l kiu^, a pigeon. 

■ I ^ an enemy, opponent ; a rival. 

-^^ Small. To be of import- 
kiai ance. 

Hence 5F kiai'^, mustard ; ^ Jdai^, a 
boundary ; ^ /biat'*, the itch. 

I ;^ to pay lieed to. 

IJ To command. An order. 
ling 



From P ^.si'e//, a joint, lleuce ^^^ Ie»g'\ 
cold ; -^ ming*, a command; ^^ /i/^i/^, to 
lead ; ^ /i"i/^ £i fragment. 

c\/J As before ; usual. 
re7ig 

From ^ na/'"^, is. Hence ^ «a/^, milk ; 
J73 re/;^^, to throw; <^ «i?i^ pregnant. 

[ ^ as before. 
[ ^ as usual. 



M H 



e, That. Another. 



ta 



From ^J^ ^■e^ also. Hence j,^ ^i*, earth 
^ cA'^^ a pond ; ,|| c/i'r, spreading. 

1 g^ his ; hers. 

I fp5 they ; them, 

\ mm A tliut fellow ! 






To hand over ; to commit 
to. 

From -sj- ts'ueit'^, an inch. Hence Jf^ 
/u^j^a prefecture ; p§ /tt*, near to ; fl|/<i\ 
an instructor; ^ ftc'^, to tally. 

1 J^ flk ^^^^^d over to him. 

<it By, with. To regard as. 
i Forms part of some pre- 

positions and adverbs. 

Hence ^\ si\ like. 
1. "I^ before. 

I ^ to regard as ; to consider. 
I 1^ to cause ; so as to bring about. 

Indicates result. 
I ^\* outside ; beyond. 
I ;^ and ; also. 
\ ^M A fiivouritism ; to choose by 

appearances. 
I lib ^ B& ^^^^ ^^ ^^^^ ^^ '^ token. 



8 



3— ' 



VOCABULARY, 



A 



^% To figlit. To IV 



To rely on. 



cliang 



From ^ chanrj^, a niensnre of 10 Eng- 
lish feet. Hence ^ cluiiu/, a staff. 

J J To nndcrtnke. To bear. 

tsc 

From ^ hf, a cliild. Hence *^ tsl\ a 
character. 

I i^IH caveful ; atteutive. 

\M A o-oneration. To sub- 
'«'' stitutc ; iu place of. 

Fioni -^ ih, a dart. Hence ^ t((i\ a 
bag; ^ /,ai^ to lend. 

I ^ a writer ; to write for another. 

i^^iJ To look lip ; to expect. 

Hang 

iang 

From t^ ang^, to rise. Hence ^j angr', 
liigli prices; 5QI ?'?2^*, to welcome. Dis- 
tinguish p{] 77tao-\ the fourth Branch. 

I i^ to look ; to cxpec^t. 
I 1^ to hope and trust. 
I ~M ^'^ expect ; to desire. 

iy An article. N. A. 
/neii 

From ^ 7iiu^, nn ox. Hence i^ /no", 
strong. Distinguish ^ 11?, noon ; -~p /YUi\ 
to oppose. 

I # Hi IE ^ each matter should be 
remembered. 

lit! An official position. An 
ren office. To allow. 

From ^ roi'', a Stem. Hence '^ lin^, 
to rent. 



I 'i§^ aecoi'ding to one's wish. 

I ?^ to let a person take his oAvn course. 

I M f£ ^s to come and go at jileasure. 



^. 



To prostrate. A division 
/"/t of summer. 

From -^ Ifi'ien^, a dog. Hence ^Kfi(h, 
a bundle. 

I iiii to fall to the earth. 

c 1^ To cease ; to desist. Used 

hsiu imperatively = do not; 

etc. To separate from. 

From 7}c vinh, wood. 
[ ^ a hill of divorce. 
I ^ to put away a wife. 

c 1/ He ; she ; ifc ; etc. This ; 
i that. 

From ^ in'^, to direct. 

Ill A row of men ; a file, 
^i Full form of £.. 

j|lj) A father's elder brother; 
i'leh an uncle. 

From ^ pell, white. Hence I^ p'a*, 
a kerchief; ^ ^^^^i, to anno}- ; jQ pVt*, 
to f(>arj 11^ peh, to anchor; ffl j^V//,, to 
strike ; j% ^^^^^j wealth. 

I I^U"^ nucles. 

I^j'^ Thou ; you. 



From *-• mih, to cover; and )]^ siao^ 



small. 

I n yon. 

I ^ ^ you, Sir, 



A 



VOCABI-LARY. 



c1t To stretch out. To re- 


jil To dwell ; to stop. Join- 


shen dress. 


cha ed to another verb, 


c/i'eM 


indicates completed ac- 


From ^ fiheu^, to state. Hence %\^ 


tion. 


shell", a spirit ; |^ sheu^, gentry ; jiljl 
k'lLv.n^, the earth. 


From ^ chw', a lord. Hence f^^ 
iiaiu/, towards; i^ cJin\ a ])iljar ; -^ 


[ ^ to stretch out the hand. 


c/iu*, to gaze on ; ^J chn^, to define ; j^ 


1 % to redress a grievance. 


chu"^, a torch ; iJl;^ chti^, worm-eaten. 


I ^ to straighten. 


I J^ a dwelling place. 


I tii ?5j$ to stretch fortli. 


1 M to dwell ; to live. 




1 ^ to rest ; to put uj) for a time. 


iPj To wait upon. 


irt To protect. 


U'i 


From pj 5?.\ an officer. Hence )fip] i^-'i^, 


ill 


an ancestriil hall ; |^ tsi^, poetry ; f^ si^, 


From 7^ in*, the right hand. Hence 


to eat. 


IS i^A to protect. 


I ^ to wait upon. 




j0' Only; but. 


cM What? how? 


' Ao 


ian 


From pj" Z:'o^ ma}% Hence ^pf /(o^, a 


From i5a?i.*, sunrise. Hence Jtg veri?, 


river ; PjiJ /taS to yawn ; [5pJ d^, a fiual 


a wall; |0 ia/i^ to dust; ^ ^a^i^ 


particle ; ^ /f:'o\ vexatious. 


courage. 


1 A what man ; who ? 


I ^ l>nt. 


1 ^ what concern ? 


1 i^ ^ jlfc would that it might be so ! 


1 iK what reason ? 


^^L A seat; a, position. A 


1 (gj what need ; why ? 


I VJJ how much more ? 


iiei particle indicating re- 


j ^ what's the hindrance ? why not ? 


spect. 




From :ijL lih, to set up. Hence ^ji la}, 
to pull; '^fi lih, a graiu ; ^ k'i^, to weep. 


J p) To make ; to do ; to act. 
tsoh 


J ^ rank ; position. 


From ^ cha*, at first. Hence ^ i^en^ 


t |Bi To liang or bow the head. 


how ; R^ tsoh, yesterday ; |^ c/ja'*, to 


deceive ; J;^ c/iaA, to fry ; ^ cAa/i, a vat. 


ti Low ; beneath. 


I fi ^ P^^"^^ *^*^ working. 


From Jg ii^, radical. Hence |£ ^i^ to 


I i to be king. 


resist; |a ^^^ the bottom; |S c/ii', paper. 


J ^ conduct ; behaviour. 


1 ^ low-lying. 


1 ^ to make a noise ; to tell. 


1 BM to bow the head. 


I § to make a book. 



10 



5— G 



VOCABULARY. 



A 11 



I ni t<Mv!H.I. 

I § to 1)1' :i s(r;i liner. 


|rS\ Rescmlding ; like ; as if. 


I X to labour ; engage in niamial 


i>l 


]al)(»ur. 


From JPJi t^, in order to. 


I :^ to (li-eani. 


I ^_ as though ; as if. 


I ^1 to make merry. 
I ,^; flf, MX evil doer. 


1y\) Idleness ; ease. To err. 


1 ^ ill. to do good ; aet Leuevoleutly. 


ih 


I ^ -^ to trade. 


From ^ s/iiTi, to lose. Hence ^ ticJi, 


I W (\^ a poet. 


to exchange; |^ c//?4, method; ||^ c/tz/i 


I M. 12 t^^ 1^^"''^" witness. 


a book wrapper.; ^^ ^/e/i, to stumble. 


I ffi ^ 11 to bear false witness. 


Mifi 




1^ To employ ; to use. To 


J P To estimate ; to value. 
kio 


■a/u seud. To cause. If; 
supposing. Read sld\ 




A messeuo;er. 


"Prom -^ Z; r', ancient. ITonce f^ /:/(\ 


o 


to liuv; ^ /;'«\ withered : ^jJf kii^, u girl ; 


From 1^ W, an ofiicer. Distinguish f|g 


^ k'u^ bitter. Distinguish ^ !((', to aid. 


2nen^, convenient. 


[ ^ to valne ; deeide a price. 


1 ^ a messenger. 


I fit 1'^ value ; value. 


] ^^ an apostle. 


\ l-l To usurp ; to take by force. 


I P^ to use ; to call. 


I 2^^ a, maid servant. 


chnii Used for j^. 


I # so that. 



Hence ^^ nieii\ fo ])ick up ; ^ fipu\ 
todi>grace; |i& r/un/', to paste U[) ; f^ 
iii')i\ un inn ; f:^ chan*, to stand ; ^ chaii^, 
ielt. 



tP A wore 



1 used in names. 



kia 



From j[/p ^"a^ to add to. Hence ||ji 
7.-('a', a caiigue ; -j][i A-'^/i'^, the egg plant; 
^ /;/(tS a liuddhist surplice; ^ /ou<^, a 
Irame. 



>b' 



A comrade. 



2)aii 



From ^^ pon^, a lifdf. Hence ^i p\m*, 
college pool ; J^' pail*, to mix ; ^'I- p'aiig*, 
fat; |^--;;a;<^, to trip; ^'ij 2^'a?i', to judge. 

I Irl a partner. 



to employ 
:i IP ^ iil tliat sin may be forgiven. 



c A^ To come. 



From /f; muh, wood. 

I ^ intercourse. 

I III: the life to come. 

I ^ future state of existence. 

I ;j; ^ too late. 

I 0§ T t'5 come late. 

I -f^ jiB to come late ; to be behind- 
hand. 



/[^ To supply. Togivcevid- 
koiiy ence. Read kow/. To 

oHer in worship. 



A 



VOCABULARY, 



6—7 



From it hong^, all. Hence ^ hong'"-, 
respectful r -jt ^-'i-, ''e ; ^% konrf, to 
bow ; ^ //o;i(7^ vast ; ^ hoitg^, to toast ; 
jUJ; liong\ to deceive. 

I ^^ to give to. 

I j^ to give for use, 

I i}^ offeriugs. 

I Ifj to offer to. 

I M to fnrnisli. 

I ^ to miuster to ; to supply. 



To wear at tlie waist. To 
r>'tii respect. 

From J\^ fan-, allj and Jjj /.■iu\ a 
kerchief. 

I W* to wear ; to adorn. 

I ^g to respect ; to have confidence in. 



tang 



To pretend. False. 



?jL Straightforward. 

From P k^eo^, a mouth; and Jlj 
cli aa)i^, flowing streams. 

I t% ''^'ith confidence. 



-, to 



c \^ Extravagant. 
ch'i 

From ^ td^, much. Hence 
move. 



A reo;ulation ; law. 



From 5?iJ lirli, to arrange. Hence ^J 
Hell, fierce ; ^ //tV/, to split. 



#' 



67ii 



To serve ; to wait upon. 



From ^ iang^, sheep. Hence \^ 

icvKj", the ocean ; )ji^ ta'taiig-, lucky ; |^ 

U'iaiuf, in detail; ^ iu^^*, sickness; ^ 
iang"', to nourish. 



c ji Beautifr 



iful ; o'ood. 



In 



From ^ huei^, a sceptre. Hence f^ 
c7t«i^, an awl; i^ chaen^, to grant; '{^ 
liuai'^, a river; '['^ uel', only; l}(^ ^tei", 
a curtain ; |^ slnii', who. 

I /fc valuable wood. 

J7U To provoke. Kead t'lao^. 
tlao Young. 

From >y^ chao'^, an omen. Hence ^j^ 
t'ao^, a. peach ; ^^ fao'\ to wail ; ^^ 
t'iao^, ,to carry; ^j^ i'/rto', to jump; ^ 
^'ao", to fiee. 



From ^ 67"^, a mosque. Hence ^^ 
tai^, to treat; f^ shi^ to trust ; J|^ i7;z-, 
time ; ^ c/iT-, to seize; ^ /i't;/*-, pui-pose- 
ly ; '0 tiki \ a poem. 

I ^ to attend on. 

I ^ to be in attendance. 



M 



To follow ; to comply 
with. To trust to. 



From ^ i'^, clothes. 
{ ^ to follow ; to obey. 
I M to trust ; to depend on. 



'# To 



insult. 



From || mei^, each. Hence '|]^ hiieP, 
to repent ; ^ hai^, the sea; |^ //lei^, a 
plum; ^. 7?iei-, mildew; %% Imcv^ to 
teach ; 11^ huei ^, dark. 

I ti to insult. 



12 



VOCABl'LATiV, 



1:31 Coiiveuient. Ordiuary. 
pieii 'J'lien ; in that case. 

Bead i)ieitr. Cheap. 

From |g henri^, to change. Hence f^ 
2->'n')i\ :i whip ; |i« leiig'^, wilful ; ]S|^ //(y^ 
liaid. DisLinguish ^ alif', to send. 

I 'm convenient. 

I !a: cheap. 

I Ul ordinary food. 

I "J a linal expres.siou — very well, etc. 

\X^ J Vulgar ; common. 

From IQ I'uh, a valley. TTence f^ inh, 
it) hathe ; '^j\ inh, to desire ; :^'[> k'iuh, but ; 
^^ ?t^, affluencf. 

I |g a proverh. 

I f^ commou sayings. 

j ^ common affairs. 

iTfC To protect ; to nourish. 
2>uo To stand as surety ; to 

guarantee. 

From ^ ta'i^, silly. 

I ffi to protect. 

I ^ to preserve intact. 

I II to guard. 

[ ^ to nomish. 

I tR a houd ; a guarantee. 

I M M the Comforter. 



\ 



jzi To believe ; to trust. A 
ni letter. Sincerity. 



From "g" ien-, Avords. 
I ]\\i to trust. 
I ,i^hiith. 

I ^^ news ; intelligence. 
I ^^^ to believe and obey. 



( fig faith ; sincerity. 

I ^ to helieve and serve. 

I ^ trustworthy. 

I #] to believe and receive. 

c j«^ To repair ; to reoulate. 
6/(6 To reform, interchang- 

ed with f[ff. 

From 3^ ch \ to hallow ; and ^ .s-au\ 
feathers. Compure f^^ t'iau-, a lenglli ; 
'^ /ico*, to wait. 

I [it to make straight. 

I Jig to repair ; to prune. 

I >\j to reform the heart. 

! tip to repair and adorn. 

I 5a to build ; to construct. 

I ^ to write a letter. 



heo 



A marquis. 



From X ^'^o)i(j'^, labour; and ^ sJif\ nn 
arrow. Hence t^* /teo'\ a monkey ; P^ hdr, 
the throat. Distinguish ^ heo^, to wait. 

j fi^ marcpiis and earl ; a noble. 

c L^ To encroach. To appro- 
ta'iii priate. 

From ^ ti^iii'^, to sweep with the hand. 
Hence ^^ ^^'I'/i^, to soak. 

I ^ to appropriate for one's private use. 



\/\\ To belong to. To be ; 
/'■ii is ; are. 

From ^ //al*, connection. Hence ^ 

sucii^, grandson. 

ifjXi Sudden ; momentary. 



From ^ o'', I. Hence R|]^ o", to cliant ; 

'^ll u\ the tilkworm moth ; ^ o\ hungry. 



13 



A 9 



VOCABULARY. 



1^ HaDclsome ; elegant. 

tsiiui 

From ^ suln/^, exnlted. Hence g^ 
siiau'^, sour; P^ -so^ to incite. 

I ^ refined and elegant ; handsome. 



To bow down. 



From }{f f/i^, a prefecture. TTence f^ 
fn\ to entrust; f^j/"^ I'otten; |f /'i'', the 
viscera. 

I ^ to prostrate. 



A numerary adjunct. 



/^^^ 






From jgl kw^, firm. 
I (0 ^ ^ each one possesses it 

c jj J Sign of the plural. Used 
vion- of persons only. 

From P^ mar, a door. Kence ^ 
men*, sorrow; ifj ^^^^''^^ to feel; \S^ uoi-*, 
to ask. 

^Ij To fall over. On tlie con- 
tao trary.; but. itcad ?;«o\ 

To pour out. 

From JiJ tao*, to reach. 
\ fi to fill fall. 
I i^f| to fall— as a biiildino- ; t^) fall in 

rains. 
I II t.) fall dead. 

I X^ ^11 hut yon can't do bettor than . . . 
I §1] 7K P^'i'ii" '^'^^^ some boiling- water. | ts'ang 

U 



jjP] If; supposing. 

Vang 

From fj^ f^hauc/, yet. Hence ||^ t'ang^, 
to recline; '^^j fang^, to flow; ^ t'ang^, a 
hall; ^ .s//a»/, clotiies ; ^ aiiang^, to 
reward; ^ iaiiy^, ought. 

1 ^ supposiuo'. 

I ^ if ; should it be. 






To Avait. To enquire 
hco after. 

From X ^ong^, a labourer ; and ^ 
shv", a dart. Distinguish ^ /teu", a 
marquis^ 

I ^ to wait for otfice. 

jpj To rely on ; to trust to. 
i 

From ^ /."'i^^ strange. H(mce ,^ ^^'r, 
to ride ; || i'^, a chair ; il|| /;'i', rugged ; ^ 
fci*, to send. 

1 ^ to trust to. 
I ^ to rely upou. 
j ^ to de})eud on. 

j4i^ Tired ; weary. 

From ^ ^'/e//*, a roll. Hence ^' 
/viie//^, to roll up ; 0§ h'ien'^, to look back 
ou ; 1^ liiieii^, a circle. 



,,1;J^ All; the whole. Every. 
led Used with M.. 

From ^ X'Y*, prepared. 
1 ^ each ; all. 
1 ff all complete. 

^ A granary. 



8—9 



YOCABI'I,ARY. 



A 9 



Fjom P Iceo"^, a moutli ; nnd ^ sJi'ih, 
to eat (contracted). Hence |g- tn'iang'^, a 
guu ; ^^ tHa})(/, ship's hold : Jf ta'iang^, 
to rob; ^ ts\i)ig^, azure; ^ cU'iKfucj'^, ii 
boil. 

] ^ a storeliouse. 

|p Doiil)lc; to double. To 
iJ'-'i increase. 

From ^ /)et^, to spit. Hence ^ij ^)Vo", 
to halve; ■^) pu^ u chiss ; p,g Jj'ei'^ to 
make up; J;^ 2'^^'*i ^o ^''X over a fire; J* 
_^/ci'^, to cultivate; j^ j:»'«i^ to entertain. 

1P To borrow. To lend. To 
tde avail of. 

From ^ .si/z, formerly. Hence ij^ si/?, 
to pity: f§ ta'o*, wrong; ^ ^6-'o^, to 
j)lace; @^ i^-'n^, vinegar. 

J "^ to bon'ow. 

I ^ to beg a ludgiug. 



cliih 



) Value ; price. 



From ii[ c/Zi/i, straight. Hence -^ 
c/iii* to arrange ; ^ c/i'i/i, to plant. 

/^ 

n™ Constant; regular. Na- 
Z»e;i tural relationships. 

From -^ Z;ffc7i2^ to arrange. Hence |^ 
luen'^^ to discuss ; |§ luen^, a wheel ; ^ 
luen\ to gulp down ; ^ Zue?r, an eddy. 



w 



To make. To be. To 
^•so act as. 

From ^ Z:'i*, a cause. Compare {^ 
Ait^, to value. 

I *^ to be a magistrate. 

I ZC ^ to work. 

I /^ J^ unable to accomplish. 



Ij / To steal ; to pilfer. 
4^ I Stealthily. 

r'co 
Fiom •^ ?'-, to respond. Hence ^ 
ii\ to lioal ; Hi !/^ an edict ; % v\ a pu- 
i-able ; ^ ^-hn^, to lose; ^|^ /r, to overpass. 
Distinguish fjjjj ^/a^?i", relationships. 

I ;^ W to steal. 

I ^ to ])ilfer ; to steal. 

I A. to enter slyly. 



1P1 F. 



also. To pretend. To 

kia borrow. If. Read kia^. 

Leave of absence. 

From ^ k'a\ deceptive. Hence HI 

hsicr, a blemish ; 11|5 /isUv, leisure ; 5^ 

/isia", remote. Distinguish |^ tuan'^, a 

section. 

I M f'^l'^e intent. 
I ^ if ; supposing. 
I ^ to pretend to l)e. 
I ^n supposing that. 
I ^' ^ # to pretend to be good ; to 
act the hypocrite. 

(iffl Inclined to one side. Par- 
2>'icn tial; prejudiced. Deter- 
mined, in a bad sense. 
From Jfj pien^, flat. Hence ^ p'ien^, 
a section ; ^ pien^, a tablet ; 5§ inen*, 
everywhere ; i^ 2^'^^"'^^ to plait. 
I 515 depraved. 

I f# A to treat others with favouritism. 
I ^ B M. to hold one's ow-n opinion 

perversely. 
I ^ ^ "a to study words of no profit. 

(J*^ To stop ; to desist ; to 
t'iiuj delay. Suitable. 

From ^ fing\ a pavilion. 



15 



A 



VOCABULARY. 



9—11 



I i± to stop. 
I it to cease. 
I fi^ to anchor. 



Strong ; robust. 

From ^ ^/e?i*, to establish. 
I ^ liearty ; iu go<3cl health. 

\\^ Accidental. An image. 
eo A mate ; to mate. 

From ^j ?7% a monkey. Hence '^ n\ 
fo dwell ; j^^ i'\ to meet; ,^, fr, stupid ; 
^ wa?i^ ten ihoustuid ; |^ to^ a pair; f^ 
^2, a corner. 

I ^ an image ; an idol. 
A tea(;her. 

From "i" /»^ the first; and -ij- f6-'ue?i^ 
an inch. Hence \^ 'poh, extensivp; J]^ 
poll, the armpit ; ^ ^^^^^j ^^"" 5 ?^ P^'-*^ 
an account book. JJislinguish f^ ch'uaii^, 
to preach. 



4i 



Furniture ; tools. 



From ^ kia'^, a family. Hence ^ ^''a\ 
liarvcst ; ^ /u'a^, to marry a husband. 

[ ^ tools ; household utensils, etc. 



s 



The side : the side of. 
2')'ang Near. Used with ^. 

Hence |^ pang'^, to slander ; |^ panr/, 
a list; ^§ pang\ to propel ; }j§ p'f"i^^ 
the groin. 

c 1^^ To propagate ; to hand 
diuan down ; to preach. To 
summon. 



From ^ chnaii^, special. Hence f^ 
t''ii(Vi'\ to loll ; fl clinair\ to turn; .jj.^ 
chncui\ a brick ; gj t' aair, a ball. Dis- 
tinguish f^/a*, a teacher. 

I Wc to proiunlgute religion. 

I ^ to preach. 

I pM ^o preax'h everywhere. 

I 1?^ to spread. 

I J^ to hand down ; to receive. 

I l: to herald. 

I T" ^^ t*^ hand down. 

1 ^M '"h to preach the gospel. 

I M ^ "T to preach in every part. 

•fl'^ ,p , ., 

f'^T, (' J-O prepare ; to provide. 
OT ) To complete. 

From ^ pei\ to prepare. 

c j^^ To injure ; to wound. To 
shang grieve. 

Fi'om '^ shang^, to injure. Hence y^ 
shang^, to die young. Compare |^ myjc/^, 
to spread ; [5^ i«?if/-, the sun. 

JK. to catch cold. 

»i^> grieved ; grieved in spirit. 

f^ to injure ; damage. 

^ to wound. 

^ scars of wounds. 

^^ to injure. 

^ pain of a wound. 

i^ to spoil ; to ruin. 

^ >C> 2j^ to be grieved in spirit. 

(1^ To upset. 

From t^ h'ing'^, an instant. 
I f^ to overturn. 
I M, to turn over. 
I M to destroy. 



16 



11—13 



VOCABULARY. 



A '.» 



M 



^ To urge ; to press. 



til lib 



Fi-diii ^'^ ts'iii^, a high mouutain. 
Hence ^H ^6"((/\ lo repress. 



Arrogant ; proud. 



From fj'ji ao"^, tall. Hence f< ao", to 
boil ; 5i ao-, to rfimble ; ^ c/iuf, verbose. 

I fS disrespectful. 

^1 A debt ; to Le in del)t. 

ckai 

From ^ tseJi, to reprove. Hence ^ 
tsih, to hoard ; |^ tsik, to spiu ; U ^67'/;, 
foot marks. 

j ^ u creditor. 



Barely ; scarcely. 



Fiom ^ /.-//i^, few. Hence H /a'u^, 
diligent ; f£ kln^, a dearth. 

I barely able to. 

I f 6^ only just. 

1^^ Appearauce; resemblauce. 
aiaiuj Like; similar. An image. 

From ^ siang'^, an elephant. Com- 
pare J^ 'V-i, to prepare ; ^f^ siang^, chestnut 
oak. 

[ ^ like him. 
1 1^ appearance. 

1^5 A slave; a servant. 



From 1^ 7>/i, an inhoritanco, (idtered). 
Hence ■\^yuJi, plain ; ^^liuh, to strike. 

I A a slave. 

I iS. male and female slaves. 



W Toa.s 



assume ; to usurp. 



Uioi 



From ^ ?r, not ; and Q rA//, a day. 
Compare pg /.sa;/"*, to praise. Hence ^J$ 
tsau^, a hair pin ; || U'aii^, silk worm ; jI^ 
Wien^y to abscond. 

I ^ blasphemy. 
I j^ to overstep. 

\/^ False ; simulated. 



From ^ iiei', to do. 
1st Price ; value. 



kia 

From ^ ^/;^, a trader. Compare "^ 
ma/^, to sell ; ^ ch'aiig', to re pa}'. 

1 ^ l'"ce. 

1 ^ price iu silver ; value. 

lAlf, Mean. Secluded. 
2 //A 

Froai Jg^ p'//), perverse. Hence 5^ pi*, 
to avoid ; ^ p'i'', to compai-e ; '^ ^jei'*, 
fore-arm ; ^ pih, a partition ; ^ pih, a 
gem. 

I f^ out-of-the-way ; lonely. 

c 1^ Ceremonies ; usages. Dc- 
i portment. 

From ^ {\ moral. Hence f^ t'*, to 
criticise; ft /^ an ant. 

I ^ outward ceremonial ; raauners. 



JL 10 



VOCABULARY. 



13—15 




To warn ; to caution. 



From f^ Icing*, to respect. Hence ^ 
king'^, to alarm. 

I ^ to caution. 
j ^ to arouse ; to awaken. 
1 Si ^ ^ to admonish without weari- 
ness. 

iIIhL The uttermost ; the ut- 
tsin most. All. Used with ^. 

Hence '^ tsin'^, embers. 

j ^ with all one's might ; to do one's 
best. 

nft "^^ repay ; to make resti- 
ch'ang tution. 

From 1^ sham/, to reward- 

I ^ to restore. 

The 10th Radical. 



JL 

ren 
Compare J\^ JcP, a table. 



c / t^ A man 

ren 



JvJ To grant ; allow ; permit. 

iiin 
From J^ s'l^, selfish. 
I ^ ^■o grant. 



cjC The first; the head 
uen chief. 

FroTi) ~ r?4, two. Hence ^ 
finisb ; 3^ nan\ to sport ; ; 
perverse. 

I # the head ; the leader. 



the 



an", to 



c /U A brother ; an elder bro- 
hsiong ther. A senior. Used 
as a term of respect. 

From p k'eo^, a moutb. Hence ^ 
k'uang\ still; |^ chiih, to bless; ^£ c//eo*, 
to curse. 

I ^ a senior ; Sir. 

I ^ brother ; brethren. 

I -^ a conventional phrase=" You, Sir." 



m 



To fill up ; to satisfy. To 
ch'ong act in place of. 

From -i- t'eo"^, above. Hence |jg fojir/, 
all ; 1^ ch'ong\ a blunderbuss. 

I Jg, ample. 

I ^^full ; to fill. 

I ^ replete ; abundant. 

I ^ to satisfy one's hunger. 



.^ 



First ; foremost. Before 
former. 



From ^ niu^, an ox. Hence ^ Si% 
to wash ; ^ tsaii^, to aid. 

I -IJ formerly. 

I IJ. ancestors. 

I ^ a prophet. 

I ^ teacher ; sir. 

I ^ij to arrive first. 

I M ^ ^ fai" seeing ; intelligent. 

(Jd Li,f>'ht ; favour ; brightness. 
huang Bare ; naked ; alone. 

Hence §;^ Jciiang^, a bladder. 
I 'Jtg flame. 
I PJ bright. 

I ^ brilliant ; splendid. 
[ ^ 



18 



4—12 



VOCABULARY. 



A n 



I "^ prospect ; cirouiustauccs ; 


about 




I n i^-t. 


1 ^^ To illuiniue. 






I IP to pardon sins. 


1 [^ time. 






I ^ 1* i^utivoidable. 


1 ^ gloi'y ; splendour. 






^, To be able to. To subdue. 


1 55$ spleudid. 






1 ^ glorious ; gay. 






/c'eh 


y\^ A sign ; au omen 






From -j^ ^u\ ancient. Hence ^ k'eh, 






to subdufj 7^ /i;artu\ a crown. 


chdo 






1 £, to deny self ; self-control. 


Hence ^j^ fiao^, to carry, ^j^ 


t'iao'^ 


, to 




jump ; j^ ^'flo2, to escape ; ^|S 
peach : ^^ i'ao^ to wail. 


t'ao" 


, a 


c/U A son ; a child. Added 
ri to many nouns. 


1 Si a prognostic. 












From [^ kill*, a mortar. Hence |^ 


.ItU Cruel; fierce; 






77^ao^ appearance; {^ ni", young. 


violent. 


1 5^ sons and daughters. 


hsionij Used with [X|. 






1 ^, cliildren and graudchildren. 


Hence ^ hsio)u/, the bosom. 






I -^ sous. 


I IB 6^'il ; cruel. 
1 ^ cruel murder. 






^Xd To fear. 


1 :^ a murderer. 






/iji/i^ 


1 g* l>ad language ; threats. 






From ^ k'eh, to subdue. Distinguish 


I ^ malignant. 






||f king*, to quarrel. 


j J£ violent ; cruel. 






The Uth Radical. 


1 ^ savage. 








-Q*' 






y\,, To enter. 


_7U To exchange ; to barter. 


?'(i/i 


tui 






Distinguish A ren^, a man. 


From /^ iieii^. a marsh. Hence 


1^ 


I g one of the Chinese tones. 


ijeh, to })lease ; ^ foh, to cast off ; f^ 
s7io/?, to speak; j^ s/i(u'*, taxes; ^ 2/e/i, 


1 ^k to become a church member. 


to inspect. 






I P^ to enter the door ; to make a 
beoiuuino'. 


1 f^ IS ^ to cliange silver. 






o o 


J^ To avoid ; to esca 


pe. 


To 


j/Vj Within ; among. A wife. 

11 ui 


viien remit ; to spare 






From P k'ioJig^, an enclosure. Hence 


Hence B^ 7ia)r', evening; ^ 


mien'' 


, a 


^^ ')in/t, to accept; [^ jnng^, a stem. 


crown ; ^ mieiv', to encourage ; 


i^ em?/^ 


Compare jfij reo'^, footprmt ; |^ nth, flesh ; 


to regain. 






P^ ?ia/i, to cry out. 



19 



A 12 



YOCABUI.ART. 



2-6 



I tfj witliin ; among. 
I ^\^ inside and out. 
f ii^> the affections. 
I ji^ g a eluimberlaiu 
waitiuo:. 



official in 



TV 
Czil Perfect ; entire. To com- 

t^'den plete. All ; the whole. 

From 5 i^<^»ff, ^ king. Hence ^ 
ts'iien", to heal; f^ ^i-'wor, to defiue; j^ 
shiuin'^, to tie up. 

I ^ eutirel}^ ; completely. 
I ^ the whole country. 



Two. An ounce. 



Hang 



Hence ^ llanr/, a pair of wheels 
Compare ]^ /r', rain; "jfij rr, and. 

I fl two. 

I "^ t"^*^ years ; two years' old. 

I f^ cUfferent ; two kinds. 

\ T» both sides or jiarties. 

f 1^ two alternatives. 

I M. i^. t'^o fishes. 

I H f@ A two or three men. 

I ^ ^ )lg two suits of clothes. 

I il ^ Fe3 ^^ '^ dilemma. 

I it 1^ ft two epistles. 

The 12tii PtADiCAL. 
>/V) Eight. 

fall 

Hence ^ fen^, to divide; ^ ^/(P, only; 
fAp'rt^, to climb. 

I ^j^ the Eig-ht Diagrams— a charm. 

TV 

< -^ Puldic. Fair; just ; equal. 

^•o"y A duke. Male. 



From X\ *^^ pnvate. Hence ^ song^, 
the pine tree ; ^ <'^""g'*, to praise ; Ij^ 
^o?2_^^ a centipede ; |^ soiig"^, litigation. 

I 2^ fidr ; just. 

I ^ a law court. 

I j^ for the use of all. 

I -^ a church ; a public assembly. 

I pjj a public place : an ofiice. 



^>, Six. 
luh 

From -i- i'eo-, above. Compare ^ 
hsiieh, a cave. 

1 +^ixty. 

>► > All ; collectively. 
kong 

Hence ^jt kong^, a respectful bow ; fii 
hong^, an ofiering; ^t iiontf, vast; ;);it 
hong'^, to warm ; Pit hong^, to cheat. 

1^ 

c>^^ A soldier; troops; mili- 
i>i"g' tary. 

From ^ /:'iit\ Confucius. Compare 
^ ioh, wife's parents ; JE /;'ui\ a mound. 

I -J soldiers. 

I ^ a gun-boat. 

I ^ military weapons. 



iHl 



He; she; it. They. This; 
Jii that. A relative and 

personal pronoun. 

From 'y A-«?i\ sweet. Hence ^ ^i^, a 
foundation; Itji^ si^, this; ^ k'i^, period; 
^ /;ii, dust-pan; ^R. k'i\ chess; ^ /:'iS 
to defraud. 

[ ^ but ; really. 

I J; alone ; upon'*it. 

I ^ next in order. 

I 4* i^ the midst ; among. 

I 1^ the residue ; surplus. 



20 



VOCABULARY. 



; li 



-:^^ A utoiisil. rrcparcd. 
k'l All ; the wliolc. 

From muh, the eye; and — Ui, one. 
Hence fjl ka^^ the whole. 



'JUL 



^i* A statute ; a code. To 
tie)i mortgage. 

From ^ Iciih, crookod. Compare {i| 
iu'^, from ; ^ ming^, a vessel. 

I If ritual ; ceremony. 

I M "? to mortgage a house. 

Thk 13th Radical. 

I J A limit. 
k^ ioiig 

Compare ^ nui^, witliin ; [^ t'oiu/^ 
with j ]ij red~, a footprint. 

yj/j ) A register ; a list. 
tii'eh 

Honco If chah, a railin.i^; ^ sJiaii^, 
coral; |ij ,/,auS to pare. Distinguish ||lj 
shan^, to correct. 

I ^ register. 



TT" Again ; repeated. Then. 
tsat Before a negative adds 

emplvdsis. 

From 2 naiig", a king. Compare "g* 
/^e"*, first. 

I 'i to go again. 
j ^ to come again. 
I 1^ to speak again ; to defer a matter. 
I H repeatedly ; over and over again. 
I ^ furthermore ; introduces a new 
subject. 



PI To feign. To risk. 

mao 

From {3 vui/i, an eye. Hence ijiQ mao*, 
a cap. 

I ^ to take another's name falsely. 
I 5E to brave deatJi. 
I ^ to dare danger. 

;^%^ A crown ; a diadem. 

7ineJi 

From ^ mien^, to remit. Compare ^ 

l> 4 11-. ' -^^ 

t u , a rabbit. 

The 14th Radical. 



9?l iVt 



j A cover. 



Compare ^^ mierir, a roof ; -*- ^'eo^, 
above. 

cTti A cap. Read huan\ To 
/'?«a)i cap ; to excel. 

From ^ 'ie7i^, the chief ; and if ts'uen'^, 
an inch. 

I ^ a cruwu. • 



The 15th Radical. 



m 



Ice ; icicle. 



piUfJ 

Hence 7^ ts'i*, a series. 
[ l^ as cold as ice. 

c A> Winter ; the eleventli 



tuny 



moon. 



From ^ cJn\ to follow. Hence if-^ 
chong\ fiualiy; -^ t'eng-, to ache. 



21 



Jl 16 



VOCAEULAKT, 



3-15 



I 5c winter. 

I ^ the winter solstice. 

I ^ the eleventh month. 

(Y ^ To clash against. To pour 
diong over ; iufuse. 

From 4* choug'^, to hit the marlc. 
Hence ff|i chong^, a second brother ; ,^ 
cJiong'^, lujal ; _^ chong^, a cup ; ^ 
chough, feelings. 

I ^ to destroy by a rush of water. 

Y^ 1 To sentence ; decide. 
^j^H Decidedly. Before ne- 
1^ J gatives adds emphasis. 
/meh 

From ^ kiiai^, certain. Hence f^ 
Jc'uai^, quick ; ^ /i';Wi, deficient ; ^ 
^urf//, a secret. 

I ^ to determine. 

I ^ certain to lie destroyed ; decided. 

I /j> on no account. 

"C/L 1^1 addition ; moreover. 
k'uang How mueli more ? 

From 5£ ^isioiig^, a brother. Hence |^ 
c/ii£/i, to pray for blessing. 

<T1 Cold ; indifferent. 
leng 

From /^ li»g^, <i, command. Hence '^ 
tning^, to order ; ^ Hng'^, a fragment ; 
5^ ting^, to listen ; {|^ iing'^, a bell ; g^ 
ling^, to lead ; ^ ^ing"^, a plume. 

I )^ indifferent. 

I J^ solitary ; lonely. 

^[^ To grant ; permit ; allow. 
chucii Interchanged with ip. 



From H c/i?<ii, a bird. Hence |i s/izt/^, 
who; ^ i'«ii, to push ; i^ tui^, a heap 
'I'll uei^, only. 



to grant a prayer. 



M 



(^ To insult, to shame ; to 
Hup maltreat. 

From ^ ^iiiff^i a mound. Hence ^ 
Zi»^-, a grave ; f^ ^i«gf^ damask. Com- 
pare ^ 7?i£t/i, peace; ^ tsuin*, hand- 
some. 

I J^ to abuse ; put to shame. 
(t5> Cool ; cold. To cool. 

From T^ Jd)ig'^, a metropolis. Hence 
I5J Zio/i, 10 rob; |,^ liang'^, faithful; 7^ 
kiiig^, prospect. 



\rt-ti c Pure; clean. Entirely. 

#[ 

taing 

From ^ Ueng^, to quarrel. Hence ^'p= 
tseng'^, to nerve up; ^ tsing'^, quiet ; g^ 
tseng^, to open the eyes ; ^ tse)ig^, a kit«. 

perfectly clean ; entirely. 

To be rude to ; to 
annoy .; to porofane. 



From ^ mrii\ to sell. Hence ^^ tuh, 
a calf; |J[ su/d, to succeed to ; U ^zt/i, to 
study. 




The 16th Radical. 
y L A bench. 



Hence t:JL ^*i^ f'' niachlue; |1[, A-i\ hun- 
gry. Compare )\j ren^, a man. 



22 



1—11 



VOCABULARY. 



71 18 



c/Li All ; common ; general. 
fan 

From > tien^, a dot. Compare % 
nan\ a pill ; jl Idu\ nine ; \Ji hsin\ a 
guard station ; jg hsiUn^ quick ; ljljL/«'^\ 
a sail. 

I ^ all matters ; everytliiti.ii-. 

I ti liil 6vf all who believe iu bim. 



teng 



-^^ A stool ; a bench. 



Tn- 



From ^ ie?i^\ to ascend. Hence 
teng^, a lamp; |1 cheng^, evidence; 
ch'en% limpid; {f te)ig\ a plinth; 
eng*, a stirrup. 

I -^ a stool ; a form. 

The 17th Radical. 

I — I A receptacle. 

Compare llj shan^, a hill. 

cV^ Cruel; unfortunate. 
hsionff tercbanged Avith ^ 

] ^ a mm-derer. 

I ^ to kill ; murder. 



fill 3 To come out ; to go out ; 
ch'tih to proceed. 

From ll] sJian^, a hill. Hence J^ ^•^//(' 
to stoop; ^lii chiieh, stupid; i{5 cA'«//, to 
degrade. 

I 1^ to manifest ; appear. 

I ^1^ to go on a joiu-ney. 

I ^ famous. 

I i^ to marry — of a woman. 

I ^ to go out. 

I -^ strange ; marvellous. 



I M pi'odnce ; ])r()duct. 

I ij)l to go out of the city. 

I M A to emanate from men. 

The 18rH Radical. 




A kuife ; a sword ; razor. 
A quire of paper. 



Hence ^ fu^, to bear ; pjf] t'ao^, loqua- 
cious ; ^ ti>''ic^, the beginning. 



I ^ll swords. 

I 1^ swords aud staves. 



^' 



An edrre. A two-edofed 
ren tool or w^eapon. 

From > tieu^, a spot. Hence jg^ ?-e)i\ 
to endure ; {^ ^*e»S a measure ; ^ reW^, 
to recognize- 

c^ To divide; share. Read 
fen feii^. A part ; a tenth. 

Interchanged with (^ . 

From TV pall, eight. Hence ^ p'en"^, 
a bowl ; ^^^ fen^, confused ; ^ p'«u"", poor ; 
^ cJici*, forked ; P^ fen^, to command ; 
^/en', powder; ^, fen*, anger. 

J f^ to command ; a command. 

I ^ to quarrel. 

I ^ to scatter. 

I ^ part of a principality ; used for 

" Tetrarch." 

I 1^ to divide ; to separate. 

I ^V beyond bounds ; excessive. 

I ^ to depute ; appoint. 

I Wt to explain. 

I ^ to distinguish ; to discriminate. 

I |jp to state in detail. 

I ^ right ; in duty bound. 



23 



71 18 



VOCABULARY. 



2 I 



I g measure. 

I ^ divided up ; should be ; fitting. 

I li)J clearly ; evidently. 

I ^ the least part. 

I r*j i^ ^ to form parties ; schism. 

I >'^^ '^ ^ i^ keeping with the fitness 

of things. 
I ^ ^ ^ ^0 divide into various shares. 
I ^' ^ J^ divided into two branches ; 

two courses. 

'^J :, To slice; to mince. Ur- 
tis'ie/i gent ; earnestly. Be- 
fore a negative adds 
emphasis. 



From ^ tft^iJ/, seven. Compare 
Icong^, merit ; $^ tn'l'^, to build a wail. 

I >ti> ni'gently. 
I ^ genuine. 
I "jif to gnash the teeth. 



7JJ 






To arrauo-e in ord( 



To 



enumerate. Each one. 



Hence -j^i] li'^, a law; 5"!] Heh, fierce ; 
^ lie/i, to crack ; |I^!J Iieh, u final particle. 

I 'fiL i^ll you gentlemen. 
I fiR successive ancestors. 



m 

lining 



To punish ; punishment. 



From Jp f.^'ien^, even. Hence §5 hsing"^, 
a mould; jfil /;.''^'^\ a thorn. 

I 6^ punishment ; to punish. 
I M. instruments of punishment. 
I j^ a rod of correction. 



U a 



The beginning ; first. 



From ^ i^, clothes. Hence \^J] t'ao^, 
loquacious. 

I ^ on first nrrival. 

I ?^ on the first occasion. 

I '^K first-ripe, 

I ' V Ji^^t and 15th of the month. 



To divide ; to judge. 



]) an 



From i{5 jjaii'^, half. Hence f\^ pan'^, 
companion ; ^^ pan^, to trip ; |g p^an'^, 
to rebel ; ^^- ]>a7i^, to mix ; fl^ p\iii(/^, 
fat. Compare jj^ pien"^, to discriminate. 

I ^r to decide ; to judge. 
I S to give judgment. 

^'J) To discriminate; to dis- 
pieli tinguish. Other ; an- 

other. To part. 

From ^ Unr/, besides. Compare f^ 
knai^, a staff; |g kucii^ to decoy; ^llj 
^m/i, eight. 

I A other people. 

I j^ another place. 

j "J to leave ; say " good-bye." 

1 II other kinds. 

1 (]^ other ; another. 

4^!j Profit ; gain ; advantage ; 
li interest. Sharp. 

From ^ ho~, grain. Hence i$] li\ 
clever; ^ li\ dysentery; ^ li% pear. 
Compare ^ li^, a plough. 

I II profit. 
J ^ severe. 
I ,% profit ; interest. 



24 



5—8 



VOCABULARY. 



71 18 



^ advtiuta,t;-e ; beueiit. 
^ to bcuetit oueself. 



To cut ; to cancel. 



ihail 



From -01] t.^\h, a resistor, lleiice li 
clia/i, a railing ; Ji aJuta^, coral. 

I (l| to abridge. 

SE'J To arrive at ; To reacli. 
tao To (a place). 

From g c/u^ to reach. Hence fj 
iaa^, to upset. 

I IS after all ; to the bottom ; to the 

eiid. 
I "]* liaviug arrived. 
I M everywhere. 
I T fi* ^'■^ arrive at oue's post. 
I T ix W 1^^^* 1^^ arrived ? 



i^lj) To engrave. Grasping. 
Iccli A short time. 

From ^ /lai*. 9 to 11 p.m. Hence ^ 



7tai-, a cliild 



k'eh, 



>ush 



i^ fcui\ 



should; ^ hell, kernel; -^ /iar', buues tf 
the body; ,|^ /^eA, to scare. 

I *^ to engrave. 
I ^ stingy ; mean. 

ifjij' Tor 



eo;nlate ; a law. 



da 



Said to" be from ^ uc'i^, not yet, 
(altered). Hence ^ cAz^ to make ; ^ 
c'A'e/i, to draw lots. 

I f^ to restrain ; to rule. 

4^ 'J To stab ; to pierce. 



From JjX i'^i't^ a thorn. llcnco ^ 
i6''fc7t, a plan. 

I j^ to stab through. 
I A to pierce. 



H'L To slice; 



to pare. 



From 'f^ s^'ao^ roserahling. Henee 
^^ sJiao^, U) carry ; ^'^5' siao^, to melt ; f^ 
aiao*, to ridicule; f^' .siao^, saltpetre ; fj^ 
shao'', a liule ; i^'[^ aiao^y a scabbard. 

I ^^ to slice oil' ; to pare. 
I ^ to sharpen a pencil. 



c rjij Formerly ; before ; in front 
tiy'ien of. 

Hence ^ ^s/V/^^^ scissors ; ^ tsioi^, an 
arrow ; T][( iaieii'^, to fry ; ^ t^icn'', to 
destroy. 

[ ■^ in the front. 

I "g former words ; jirophecy. 

I 3?^ the day before yesterday. 

c^lj To cut; to cut out; to 
uun scoop. Also read ua^. 

Interchanged with ^\]. 

From ^ uan^, obliging. Hence j.^ 
uan\ docile ; ^ uau^, u dish ; }J|i iiaii^, 
the wrist. 

I ffi ^e to pluck out. 



Rccentl 



y ; just now, 



huKj Hard ; unyielding. 

From [^ hing^, a hillock. Hence ^^ 
kiuf/, steel; ^Ipij ^a»y\ a jar; |i /; n/y^, 
a principle. Compare ,#] uan<f, a net. 

I II; a short time ago ; just now. 



25 



i; 10 



VOCABULARY. 



-13 



I §g hard ; stubborn. 

I gg overbearing. 

I ^ robust ; in good liealth. 

p'j To split; to lay open; 
i^'eo to disclose. 

From ^ 2'^ei^, to spit. Hence ^ p?t*, 
a class ; >]^ yei^, to fire; i§ p'ei^ to culti- 
vate; ^^ p'ei^ to indemnify; j^ V^t!", 
to entertain. , 

I PI to cut open. 

i^lj) To flay; to peel. 

yoh 

From ^ ZzJz., to carve. Hence ||^ Zu/?, 
happiness; l^ hih, jasper; §§, luh, to 
record ; ^ Zu/i, green» 

c-^ll I Scissors. To cut witli 
5g>3 J scissors ; to exter- 

Uicn minate. 

From "lyf ts^ien^, before. Hence "^ 
tsien}, to fry ; ^ tsien*, an arrow. 

I ^ to exterminate. 

flj' 

m 

sheng 
From ^ chJencf, to avail of. 
f T left over. 
I ^ ^ how much is over ? 

^y ) To cut ; to hack ; to reap. 
koh 

From ^ /^a^■^ to injure. Hence §§ 
hsiah, blind ; ^ hsiah, to goveru. 

I Id circumcision. 



A residue ; overplus. 



I §^ tr) cut open. 
I T ^ to cut down. 
I ^ -? to reap wheat. 



To create ; to make. 



c/i' 



ua)i(/ 



From ^ ts'cnig^, a granarj'. Hence :^ 
ts'iaiig^, a spear ; H tsiang^, to snatch. 



I jflC to found ; to begin. 
\ ^ ^"^ from tite creation of the 
world. 

pIs^'J To destroy ; to attack. 
tsiao 

From ^ cliao", a nest. Hence §j[ 
tsiad^, to destroy. 

I M to exterminate. 

^ij' A sword. 
kieii 

From ^ ^s'/e»\ all. Hence H i's'/Vn\ 

slips ; |5^ hsieu^, dangerous ; (^ /a'e?!-'', 

frugal ; |^ ^-'V^r^ to restrain ; ;|=^ lien^, 
face ; ^ ?e;i^, to verify. 

^'J To cut ; to amputate. 
kaei 

From -^ hnei^, able. Hence ff /iwci*, 
to embroider ; ^ ?/e/*, a herb. 

I i^ ^ an executioner. 

The 19th Radical. 



lih 



> Strength ; force ; power. 



Hence ^ Ung^, besides ; ^ isic*, to 
help ; ijj ill}, immature; ]])} le//, ribs; ^ 
leh, infirm ; ^ leh, tu restram. 

j ;g strength. 



26 



1—9 



VOCABULARY, 



:;j 19 



M 

k'ta 



To adJ to : to increase. 



^/fJ. 



From P k'ro'^, fi mouth. ILmico ^ 
Jciu'^, a frame ; 5^ kia^, a name; ^ kid^f 
to ride ; ^ Jw^, to coiigi-atulate ; ;i^JD kia^, 
■\voodeu collar ; ^ kia^, Buddhist surplice. 

I fn ^t) add to ; to add one degree. 
I i^ to augiueut : to increase. 



>^J 



Merit ; meritorious. Effi- 
k^ni/ cacy. 

From X k)n(/^, ];il)our. Hence jj^ 
konff'^, to assault; ^ Fo7uj\ empty; ^X 
hou(/, red; fX '^'^'"/A to curry; i^J. h.ouj^^ 
a pule; j{X ktdii//'^, a river. 

I ^ effect ; result. 
I ^ outcome ; finale. 



W To. 



ud ; help. 



t.sa 



From jg^ f.s-'i"t^, yet. Hence |]i /5.s''»"^ 
coarse; |§_ tsn^, ancestors; ^ tmi^, rent 
BB ii'^^^ lo hinder. 



j;^ J exert 

mo 



to strive. 



From ^]J ni(-, a slave. Hence ^ uu", 
a crossbow ; ^ fantj^, treasury ; '^ nu^, 
anger ; ^ ;ui-, to carry. 



I ij to put forth effort. 
Mji Labour; toil 



From ^ k i\ a sentence. Hence ^ ^' /^ 
to restram ; ^^ /c,(/^, a dog ; ffij /j.o^ a 
hook. 

5 ^ hard toil. 



M Tour... 



to constrain. 



From ^ mieir, to remit. Hence ^ 
?m>/^, to regain ; -^ mien\ a crown; ^ 
^'u'*, a rabbit, 

I 5^. to compel. 

I J^ to urge ; to incite. 

I •)] to exert one's strength. 

^^ Brave ; daring ; courage. 
io)i(/ 

From f^ io]i(/^, rising up. Hence jg, 

i'o»jf/\ to go througli ; ^ t'ouq*, pain ; :j;f^ 

t'om/, a cask; || 6w«_^*, to chant; '^ 
iong^, to bubble up. 

j -^ a valiant man. 
I W iiitrepid ; daring. 

To devote attention to. 
u j\Iu3t. 

From ^ me6~, a spear; and ^ sui^, to 
go slowly. Hence H ^^^ to gallop. 

I 1^^ indispensable. 

I ^^ must ; by all means. 

-py ) To bridle ; to restrain ; to 
ZtVi extort ; to force. 

From '^ koh, raw hide; ^ kh, infirm; 
^ k'in'-^, diligent ; f]jj /e/i, ribs. 

I '^ to extort ; to force. 

I 5E to strangle, 

I ^ to demand ; to extort. 

^JJ To move ; to start ; to 
toiifj sliake. 

From ;g chong'^, heavy. Hence "^ 
t^onc/*, to mourn ; )ji_ cJio)ig^, to swell ; 
|§ diong'^, to .'^ow. Compare >^ toug\ to 
understand ; ^ t'ong-, a child. 



27 



/-;j 20 



TOCABULART. 



I ^ to be augi'Y. 

I ^ to stiu-t ; set out. 

I 7J to move swords ; to go to war. 

I p motion and rest. 

I ^ to lose one's temper. 

I iC> to excite the mind. 

\ J] ^\q begin war. 

}w To overcome ; to van- 
s/ieny quisli ; to excel. Su- 
perior to. 

From ^^ t'eng"", to rise. Hence |f 
i'^??^-, to transcribe ; 1% t'evg-, to mouut ; 
!"§ ^'e?j/^, rattan. 

I ^n niore than. 

I ^X superior to ; better tban. 

I i^ mucli-better than ; greatly superior. 

I T iS ^ ^° overcome the world. 



cy^ To toil; suffer. Weary. 
lao To give trouble to. 

From ^ r7!^~, bright. Hence ^f /ao^, 
to drag; gf /c/o^, cousumption. Compare 
^ /o«J-, glory. 

I ^ labour ; fatigue. 

I $i weary toil. 

I Hd to give trouble to. 

^^ To summon ; to levy. 
mo 
From ^ ino/i, not. Hence ^ ijio/j, 
still ; 411 ^'^^"' ^ nio'lel ; ii% mo^, to feel 
for ; ^ mo\ to long for ; ^ /;ioS a grave; 
^'mo'^, evening. 

y:f Power ; influence ; antbo- 
s/i< rity. Aspect ; circum- 

stances. 

From |jj^ /^, skill. Hence ife re//_, ho'. 
Compare ^ .si'e/i, to revile. 



I i} strength. 

I ^^ prospect ; aspect. 

I t|f>ny. 

c:^J Diligent ; iudustrious. 
li in 
From ^ Z;//<^, a few. Hence ^ 
barely ; ^ /j/h^, caref ul- 

I ^ taking pains. 

I |§ industrious; diligent. 



kln^, 



Wi 



From j^ Z/*, severe 
rrindstone. 



To uroje ; to iucite. 
Hence Si 



U\ a 



(^ To exhort ; to persuade ; 
^"fl^ ( ^^ advise. 

k lien 

From |i h'lnn'^, a lieron. Hence JH 
hiaii^, to irrignte ; (tjf knan^, a jar ; i|| 
k'nen", authority ; '%{ linaii'^, happy. 
^ to urge to reform. 
J^ to warn ; to advise to discontinue 

a wrong course of action. 
^ to exhort to peace ; to make peace. 
^ to encourage : to stimulate. 
^ to call upon the people to subscribe. 
A to exhort others. 

The 20th Piadical. 



n 



c ^ To wrap. 
2^10 

Hence ^ kfl^, a sentence : ,^mJ ^''■"^ ^ 
foal ; 'gj h(>iini^, a decade. 



c V Equal ; 



in equal parts. 



From n ri^, two. Hence i^ kfi'ut^., 
equal ; |=| kilDi^, a weight ; ti5 ''^^'-'^S a 
rhyme. 



28 



2—3 



vocAr-rLAnv. 



-p 24 



c [jL ^ pnrcol. To wrap ; to 
pao incliulc. To uiKlcrtake. 

From E. f<<\ 0-11 a.m. JTonce f^ 
jifio-^, to s(.!ik : 1^ ;/flo2, a I'obo : li^ /^VuA 
to mil ; fg /jao-\ satisfK-d ; ^ pau\ to 
cinbrace ; j]]j^ pao\ uterine. 

I p to bmd the feet. 

I ^ to o-ild ; to plate. 

I § to be patient with ; make allow- 

aiiee for. 
I jttt ^ to wrnp up. 
I ^ ijlQ ^ Avrappecl iu a uapkin. 

ThI<: 21st PtADICAL. 



'b 



A spoon. 



Hence J^ ni", a uun ; ^ clii^, a decree; 
Jj[j ^6^'i^ this ; 5E -5^^ to die. 

J U To smelt. To transform ; 
hua to influence; to change. 

From A ren", a man. Hence :^ lina^, 
flowers ; ^ /tr/^ goods ; ^^ o", to extort ; 
$;(t /i.sMt!^ boots. 

I ^\\ harbai'iau ; uucivilised. 

^L) The north. To be defeated. 

p)ek 

Hence ^ pel'^, the back ; ^ pei^, a 
class. 



{^^ A spoon 



cA z 



spoon. A key. 



From ^ shi\ is. Hence -^ fr, a 
subject; i^ tl\ a dyke ; i^ fi\ to take 
up ; f^ U'\ to guard ngainst. 

The 22xd Radical, 
c I — .^ A box. 



^ Hence [& /.^m??r/\ a workman ; ^ 
Icnan(/'^, a basket. 



AVorkman. 

From Jp /iZ/iV an axe. Uoncx^ ig /;;,j,'*^ 
near; j^ hsbi\ joyful; Jt/j /oui', strong. 

I A an artili(-er. 



Yao^abonds ; rebels. Not. 
/i-i Used with ^^. 

Hence ^^ fai^, a rank; ^ feP, to 
protect ; ^ ;;ei4, a generation ; || /ei^ 
a kino.fislier. 

I ^ a had class ; hlackg'uards. 

The 23rd Radical. 

J- 

l— To conceal. 

Hence ^j/ih, to pair ; £ w^'^?^", lost. 



2)' ill 



One of a pair. N. A. 



Said to be from /\ pah, eight. Hence 
^ shell*, very. 

The 24th Radical, 

1^3 Ten. 

shih 

Hence -^ k L^, ancient ; jp tmr/, early ; 
ff s/t?//, lite of ten men ; -^f cJuh, juice ; 
^1 chciii, a needle ; ff ki\ a phan. 

I :^ ten tenths ; perfectly ; the whole. 

I ^ M' superlatively good. 

I ^ ^ the cross. 

I ^ ;^ ^"<^^>i"G than ten years old. 

I fJI 5^ between ten and twenty days. 

I ^ ;^ >- a tenth. 

I ? lf-& n the jauctiun of cross i'oads. 



29 



P 26 



VOCABULARY. 



1—10 



c 1 A tliousaud. 


From ^. /j^^i, a tablet ; ^ pe/\ to 


cause ; ]\% p't", temper ; ^ pi'^, a maid 


tsien 


servant ; |f ^;<'a'^, tares. 


Hence g cliovf/^, lieavy. Compare ^ 


I ^ h'wly ; mean. 


kiu^, to oppose ; f\] k'an^, to engrave. 


I Ihase. 


I ^ ^ more than a thousand years. 


j ^ modest ; retiring. 


I M i^ a telescope. 


"^1 ) A servant ; an underling. 


[ ^ ^ liead of a thousand soldiers. 


I 1 ^ H ^^ larg-e indetinite uuml)er. 


Inch To die. Fmally. 


I ll] |g 7K sea ajid land ; niauy hills 


Hence ^ fs'/Ji, abrupt ; ^ fs'««*, 


and streams. 


pure ; ^ s/f/'-*, fragments ; g^ t.mi^, 




drunk ; ^ ^^,■^a^ a king-fisher's feathers. 


cyj To ascend ; to promote. 


cl^ South. 


s//ei,g A pint. Used with |fjj. 


Hence ^ shemf-, to ascend. (*oinpare 


na)i 


^ Uiiig^, a well ; ^ pieu'^, au officer. 


Hence |f| )?r/;?-, a fine wood. 


1 3fc to go up to heaven. 


1 if the south. 


I ^ pints and pecks ; dry measm\es. 


I j§ the south. 


■"1 Noou. 
11 


I'-^j Extensive. To gamble. 
From ^ /u^ to announce. Hence ^ 


Hence ^ h^n\ to promise ; f^ iv-. 


perverse ; g-^p hm^, to allow^ Distinguish 


po/i, to seize ; ^f poll, the arm ; '^ pok, 


^ niit^ an ox ; ^ nien^, a year. 


thin ; ff /«*, to teach. Distinguish f$ 




cliuan^, to preach. 


I JE noon. 


1 i a well-read scholar. 


I J|^ midday. 




4^' Half. 

jyaih 


The 25th Eadical. 


1 ) To divine. 


Hence ^^'' jx/?/^ to mix ; ]l^- p'aiuf, fat ; 


2)ah 


^^ pan\ to trip; W^ J'\iii\ a landmark ; 


Hence ff* p\tli, to fall ; ^ ?m/^, out- 


^'^.jfan^, to divide. 


side ; 5|[» /W*, to proceed; ^I> /l:aaS to 


1 :j^ midnight. 


divine; 4l^ j/»/i, to strike. 


1 % half dead. 


The 26th Radical. 


I f® 3t M ba^^ ^ C'-liiucse hour ; an 


rt 



hour. 



m 



c — f- Low ; lowly ; 
i^ei Inferior. 



humhh 



t.-ileJi 



A joint. 



Hence jg ttei^, dangerous ; ^ ie^, a 
particle. 



30 



VOCABULARY. 



r 27 



P|J To print ; to stamp. An 
in official seal ; a stamp ; 

a mark. 
From ^ r]iao-\ claws (altered). Com- 
pare ^j] viau'', 6 n.in. 

I 11 a i^igu ; II mark iu evkleuce. 
I la a sig-u. 

iJUj Dangerous ; perilous. 
'uei 
Hence Jj)'£ ts'ui\ brittle : ^ knei'^, to 
laieel ; ^g uei^, a mast ; ||| knet'^, crafty. 
I ^ hazardous ; dangerous. 

^\^ A roll of paper ; a book ; 

hieii an essay. 

From ^ l-iien^, a letter. Hence ^ 
Idlpifi, to rull up ; f^ kikn^, weary ; [i| 
k'lkii^, a circle. 



w 



To unload ; to act rid of. 



From ■^ n^, noon ; and j{^ clii^, to stop. 
I ;^ to unload cargo. 

Pl-1 3 Immediately ; now. Then ; 
i^if^ accordino-ly. If • even. 

T T • • 

Inaicates supposition. 

From ^ Zian*/^^ good. Distinguish U) 
lang^, a youth. 

[ ^ or else. 

.1 ^ namely. 

I in for example ; supposing. 

I $\] at once. 

The 27rH Radical. 

7 A cliff. 
/lau 

Compare f] ien\ to cover; f^ ^^//j, 
disease. 



M, Kfi 



fficulty. 



From p Uieh, a joint. Hence fji ch, a 
yoke; jfjg e/i, to grasp. 



:f^ Thick ; substantial ; ge- 
//eo nerous. 

From Q yell, to speak ; and -^ /st", a 
son. 

I fi§ to give liberally. 



c/aT^ a source ; origin. A 
ui-'n plain. Natural ; pro- 

23er to. To forgive. 

Fi'om 1^ 'peh, white ; and >J> sino^, 
small. Hence M Hen', a vow; ^, ue?!.^, 
a fountain ; ^ ^Ze/^*^ willing. 

I 5^5 originally. 

I ^ as a matter of course ; in the 

nature of the case ; in fact. 
I ^ cause ; reason. 
I ^ as before ; as of old ; original. 
I ^ the prosecutor. 



A privy 



From gl] tseh, consequently. Hence {Bij 
ts\'J/, to pity ; {j|lj ts'eh^ awry ; ^ ttieh, 
to fathom. 



To dislike ; to bate ; to 
len reject; wearied with. 

Fi-ora 1^" ieu\ filled. Hence H iah, 
to press. 

[ >l% to trouble ; to vex. 

I 5^ to abominate. 

I ^ to reject ; have a distaste for. 

I 33 tired of hearing. 



31 



3C 29 



VOCABULARY, 



1— G 



The 28th Radical. 

f^t^ Selfisli ; private. 
si 
Hence ^ tilii^, to spenk ; ;^ u'ui^, to 
all,)W ; ^ kj)itj^, public; ^ i^, a puiticle ; 
fZ 6' \ piivute. 



*' 



To go. Eead JSiJ^. To 
/; '"'^ remove ; gut rid of. 

From J2 ^''*^ earth. Hence :^ tiu'^, 
to lose ; jf^ fah, a law ; ^jj kich, to 
plunder. 

1 ^ ■^ ^'ii'S you going- or not ? 
I :%! last year. 
I i^todie. 

-^^ ) To conusel ; to- consult 
ii^ / together. To report 

,^ ) agaiust. 

ts'an 
Heuce '|^ (s^a)i^, mournful. 
I ^ to think out. 

The 29th Radical. 

^y^ Also ; and ; again ; in 
in addition to ; moreover. 

Hence j^ nii^, a slave; ^ cJd^, a 
particle. 

\ ^ — f® ''inotlier one. 

I 1M S X i? ^0^^^ cheap and good. 



/)(^ A friend ; i 



a companion 
an associate. 



Hence ^ fah, hair of the head. 

/^ To turn over. To retreat. 
f(in To rebel. To turn back. 

Contrary. But. 



From P /ia/i^ a clilf. Hence |]^ fau^, 
food; ;^ /?a?i^ a pUiuk; |^ p'^^yf*, to 
rebel. 

I ^i| on tlie contrary ; but. 
I '{^ to retreat ; return. 
I Mi i"*-'belIiou. 

/i^) To extend ; to reach to ; 
kill to come up to. And. 

Hence fj^ ki//, to imbibe ; |^ klh, a 
series; 1!^ h.^Ui, to inhale. 

I 3S until ; up to a certain point ; when. 
I 1M ^0 come of age. 

cHX^ To collect ; to gather up ; 
sJieo to receive. To close. 

From 1{ kill, to hind. Distiuj^^uish ^j; 
«?z(A, a sheplieid. 

I «l) to gather the harvest. 

I i^ ^ to receive church members. 



MX To select ; 



to take out of. 



tii a 



From ]^ j-P, the ear. Hence i|| f.^'?Z', 
to marry; J^ ^iV/i^ very; ^ i6-'i6*, 
pleasant. 

I $% to receive money. 

I ^ij to take interest ; derive profit from. 

I A to choose people. 

I [eJ ^"^ to select and bring back. 

I tU ^ to select from. 

I T ^ to take down. 

.,X» To receive ; to endure ; 

sheo to sutler. Sign of the 

passive. 

Hence ^ «< \ to love ; J^ sheo^, to give. 

I ^ to sutler. 

I fp to endure the consequences of sin ; 

to be punished. 
I H to be in difficulties. 



G— 7 



VOCABULARY. 



P 30 



^ to safFer injury. 

Jp to be sliamefully treated. 

^ to be benefited. 

fl/; to become preguant. 

'^ to be baptised. 

JflJ to be punished. 

fg to be iuju]-ed ; wounded. 

^ 3^ to receive glory. 



/j>\ To cliat ; to talk over. 
su A character used in 

names. 

From ^ u^, we. Compare ^ cJiir, to 
remove ; f^ u'^, excess. 

I g| to chat. 

To rebel ; to revolt. 
p an 

From ^ 'pfn'^, half ; and J"" haii'^, a 
cliff. Hence jg /a//^ to return ; WLjiati'^, 
a board ; ||^/«^i*, food. 

I 5^ to revolt. 

The 30th Radical. 

|— I An opening ; a mouth ; a 
k'eo hole ; an aperture. N. A. 

Hence ipm h'uO-, to add ; ^n riir, like ; ^B 
1c eo^, to rap; ^ cA'i^, to kuow. 

I ^ depositions of a witness. 

I :^ eloquence. 

I ^ a sack ; bag. 

I II rations ; provisions. 

I J^ the mouth and stomach ; neces- 
sities. 

\ ^ talk ; sentiment. 

^J May ; can ; might ; able ; 
k'o sign of potential mood. 



From "J" tu)ri^, a person. Hence -flTf 
lid^, how ? ^ ko^, elder brother ; ^ /c'r 
strange ; ^pf ho^, a river. 

I J[iil liiiiy ; i^n expression of assent. 

I 'Jf detestable. 

I n^ fi^ eatable. 

I iK 0^ something to be ashamed of, 

Pi Ancient ; antique ; old. 

kw 
From -f- sh'ih, ten. Hence jg /i:m\ to 
dwell : ^ hi*, a cause ; ^ Ua^, dried 
up; ^ ^•'a^, bitter ; ^ ^li^, to value. 

I A the ancients. 
I Rt M i^i ancient times. 
> 

A sentence ; an express- 
k(l ion ; a phrase. 

From ^ pao^, to wrap. Hence ^ 
kii^, to grasp; ^ kiu^, illicit; %^ kfj}, a 
foul ; fijj kjf?, a huuk ; JuJ /;^o^, a dog. 

[ I liP fit every sentence intelligible. 



^ 



3 



Separate ; besides ; ano- 
ii>'(/ ther ; in addition. 

From 'fy nil, strength. Hence %\\ pieh, 
another; fg k'tai^, a staff; |^ kaai^, io 
kiduap ; |gj pah, eight. 

I ^ in addition ; besides ; by itself. 
I ■?£ ^'J }^ ill another place. 

>■> Only; but; yet. 
chi 

From /\ pah, eight. Hence :|{^ c/ii^, a 
thorn. 

I ^ ^Jii^t ; however ; still. 

I ::|f there is only. . . . 

I ^ only want ; it is only necessary. 

I ^ merely to attend to ; nothing more 

than. 
I @ but ; only ; the only cause. 



33 



P 30 



VOCABULARY. 



2—3 



7& 



P The right. 

ia 

Hence f^ m^ to protect ; ^ roll, if. 
Distinguish ftf ^ti^ ancieut. 

I Jf the right ear. 

I j§ the right side. 

I 0^ the right eye. 

I ^ the right hand. 

{l\ To call ; to summon. 
chao 

From JJ iao\ a knife. Hence fg 

c/mo^ to proclaim ; ^g cZ!rto\ to call ; B^ 

c/ir/o\ bright; j^ cliao^, to surpass; |^^ 
c'lao^, according to. 

(P J To reiterate ; to give 
ti>i(/ charge to. 

From "]" t^'nff^, an individual. Hence 
IX thigS to edit ; $1 tmg^, a nail ; ^ fa^, 
to strike. 

, I 51 to enjoin on^ 

^> 

t Pl Eminent ; exalted. Used 
t'ai for 5. 

From X» *2^5 selfish. Hence f§ ^'ar, to 
carry ; '^ c/ii^ to Leal ; ^ shi^, to begin ; 
J[J^ t\d\ the womb ; ."g, tat\ idle ; ^j^ iaiS 
poril. 

r*|J To knock; to bnmp the 
Zc'eo head. 

From p tsieh, a joint. Hence ffl ^'eo^, 
to knock ; §n A'eo^ a button ; ^P Iceo'^, a 
domestic animal. 

I f^ to knock at a door. 

I ff to worship ; to pay respects to. 



n 



( » '^ An officer. To control 
s^ to manaoje. 



Hence {pj /s'i*, to attend ; fpj i's'2^ poetry ; 
f3 si^, to eat ; %^ tn'i^, ancestral hall. 

I g| to oversee. 

^JCT 5 Each ; every ; all. 
koh 

From /^^ c/(i*, to follow. Hence ^ 
k'eh, a guest; ;^ Zto/i, a little; ^^ Z(i*, 
a road ; ^ Zo/^, connected ; ^ kehj a 
pattern. 

I 1^ each sort ; every kind. 

I ^ every place.- 

I A each person. 

I ^ each kingdom. 

\ ^ ^M each according to his own 

way. 

\ ^ ^ ^ each different. 

PI 5 To shut ; to agree. Unit- 
hoh ed; joined. In agree- 

ment with. The whole. 

From A tsih, to assemble. Hence 'I"-^ 
Fiah, luckily ; ^^ sh'ih, to pick up ; ^ 
tah, to reply ; ^ kih, to give ; ;^ hoh, 
a small box ; ^ na^, to bring. 

I @ in accordance with what is right. 

I ^ the whole city. 

I ^ seemly ; fitting ; right. 

I f5& *& ]^ ill agreement with my views. 

I ^ "^ ^ ill accordance with the fitness 

of things. 

I M ^ """ to be united in one. 



clPJ Together; the same as; 
t'ong all ; to share in. And ; 

with. 

From n ^'^ong^} ^ limit; and— ih, 
one. Hence \% toru/, a cave ; ill hsing^, 
to increase ; "^ t'ong'^, a tube ; % t'ong\ 
brass. 



34 



3—4 



VOCABULARY. 



n 30 



to 



^ tog'ether with. 

fi to live together. 

f^- a companion. 

>^> of the same mind. 

f^ to plot together. 

^ to die together. 

^ to live together. 

;'j/{c sleeping together. 

^ to sit together. 

^ to come together. 

^ fellow student. 

'^ of the same calling or occupation. 

1^ to rejoice together. 

j^ to agree upon ; an agreement. 

"^ of the same tribe. 

^ of the same class or kind. 

P fellow couutr^mien. 

p the same punishment. 

fg fellowship in life. 

A people of the same clnss. 

!^ to act together ; to act as a col- 
league. 

^:^ to obtain eq[ually. 

p^ to eat with. 

^ in the same room ; sexual inter- 
course. 

^ 6^ A fellow guests. 



of one mind. 



^ 



A name. Reputation 
wing fame. N. A. 
From ^ sih, evening. Hence ^ mtn(f' 
engrave. Bistingmsh ^ koh, each. 
)^ reputation. 
P^ name called ; named. 
^ reputation. 

^ obligations ; relative rank. 
5^ a designation ; an epithet. 



V a 



From _j^ Vu^, earth. Hence jji tu^, 
the belly; i^ tu^, to prevent. 

I Jfil to spit blood. 
I /® v:^ to spit spittle. 

I f*J Towards ; to or from ; 
hsiimf/ facing. Hitherto. 

From t^ mien', a roof. Hence fjp] 
hsiang\ rations ; P[rI shang^, mid-day. 

1 ^ up till now. 

1 ^il ^ to come to the front. 

I J: ^ ^^ to ask of God. 



jp' An 



heo 



empress ; a king. 



To spit ; to vomit, 
read t\i*. 



Alsc 



From j~* han"^, a clifE ; and — ^7^, one. 
Hence ij^ Iced^, filthy; ^^ /ceo^ to pair. 

pH J Lucky ; fortunate. 
hih 
From -^ .<?■'", a scholar. Hence A-'/Zi, f^ 
to demand ; j^ Meh, to produce; ^ c/ico*-, 
completely. 



An officer ; a deputy. 



Hence ^ sh'i^, a messenger. Distin- 
guish ^ shi^, history. 

(lyC To blow; to breathe; to 
ch'ui puff. To praise. 

From ^ Fifiu"^, to owe. Hence ^ 
'Fa/r\ to chop; ff^ i?i^, to drink; <JiJ i.s•'^^, 
in order. 

;J^ to blow out a lamp. 

^ musicians. 

^ to play the flute. 

f^ to extinguish ; to blow out. 

^ to blow noisily. 

— P ^ to breathe upon. 

5f 15;^ ^ to make merry. 



35 



P 30 



VOCABULARY. 



|~| To tell ; to inform ; to 
h<J'0 announce. To accuse. 

From ^ niii?, an ox. Hence 5a tsao'^, 
to create ; ^ k'ao'^, to trust. 

[ l/p to tell. 

I TJi a proclamation. 

I ^ to accuse him. 

I 1^ an advertisement, a notice. 



0^' 



To call ; to summon. To 
cause ; to permit. To 
tell. 



From ^ tea"', a peck. 
] j|g to call a boat. 
I P^ to call out. 
1 1& ^ call him here. 
I ^ *]* to awaken by a call. 



kilin 



Chief; sovereign; ruler. 



A gentleman. 
, to rule. Hence ^ 



hi'iin^, 



From ^ in^, to rule. xaeuut; -^ Kma , 

straitened; ^ k'liin'^, a skirt; ^[) kain'^, 
a district; ^ k^'uin^, a flock. 

J ^ a ruler. 
J J; a sovereign. 

-XX Stingy; close. 



lin 



uen , _ . _ 
a mosquito 

I 



From '% uen^, literature. Hence ^ 
,^, involved ; |jt iien'^, a streak ; ^^^ ueu' 



'Is niggardly. 
J ^ miserly. 

cXa To swallow. 
Vuen priate. 

From 5c t'ien^, heaven. 
[ P^ to swallow. 
\ T ^ to gulp down. 



To appro - 



c Pi To hold in the mouth ; to 
lian contain. 

From ^ khi^y now. 
^ to cherish ano;er. 



c»>y* A final particle. 



From ^ ia^, a tooth. Hence |5P i^*, to 
exchaim; ^^ia^, elegant; ^ ia", a shoot; 
^% ia^, a crow ; ^ cWuan^, to put on. 



'S 



A tube ; a musical note. 



lii 



From P k'eo^, a mouth. Hence f§ 
///^, a companion ; ^ kjiuj^, a mansion ; 
(s^ fo2^ a hamlet. 



c ^^T^ To present to a superior, 
r/i'e/^^f A petition. 

From ^ re^/^, to flatter. Hence ^^ 
cKeng^, a ruad; j^ client/, confident. 
I 1^ to submit a statement. 

Hjlj The roar of animals. 

heo 
From ^L k'oug^, an opening. 
I p^ to roar. 

(HlI Large-mouthed. 
2)a 

From gj 2'^S name of an ancient State. 
Hence |g, pa^, a target; ^g pa^, a hand- 
ful ; jfg p'rt^ to crawl ; ^ pci^, a scar ; ^ 
^a^, a bamboo hedge. 

J}/) To command. ; a command. 
fail Interchanged with ^. 

Hence '^ fen^, powder ; J^ f&>'^^, con- 
fused ; ^ /i?^!*, auger ; ^ p'e;i^ a basiu ; 
^ c/i'a*, forked. 

I pfj a command ; to command. 



36 



4—6 



VOCABULARY. 



n 30 



cvu An interrogative and em- 
ni pliatic particle. Also 

read 7ii^. 
From J^ 111", a nun. Compare '{J^ ni", 
mud. 

(/hJ To encircle. All round; 

dico everywhere. Complete ; 

entire ; the whole. 

From ^ iong'^, to use. Hence 5j^ 

clieo^, to help ; Wi t'iao', to stir ; j|| 

tiao^, to carve wood. 

I j^ to make a circuit. 

f gl all rouud. 

I |j' the whole hody. 

I l^ to roam. 

I M G3 !^ to make a circuit. 

^H~j^ To call out ; to cry out. 

From ^ Inc^, an interrogative. 
I P^ to call ; to summou. 
I \iJi^ to bawl. 
I II to cry out. 

flp Life. A command ; to 
onu/g command. Fate ; des- 

tiny. 
From y^ luig^, a command. 
I ^ a command. 

<TM Harmony ; peace. AVith ; 
f^o and. To mix. Eead Ao^ 

To keep in tune with. 
From ^ /,o", ^rain. Compare til Iceo\ 
to knock ; ^jf X''o\ a series. 

I M peace ; peaceful. 

I iT on good terms. 

I jfi^ a treaty. 

I f^" a Buddhist priest. 



I ,^. to (;l()se (as h' ligation or quarrels). 

I jl[^ civil and ohh'o-ing. 

I ^ pleasant ; good uaturcd. 



y^C Flavour; taste. 



From ^ nei-^, not yet. Hence f^ 
viri^, a younger sister ; ^ ma*, obscure ; 
'f^ inoJi, foam. 

JXd To curse ; to swefxv an 
c/<eo oath. Incantations. 

From P Jceo^, a mouth ; and J]^ h^, a 
bench. 

1 Ml to curse. 

I Ifl^ to imprecate. 



ho 



To yawn. Read ha^. 

Sound of laughing. 

As a final particle read 

all. 

From pj* Icd^, may. Hence ^^ Jco'^, 

stalk; =g= k'o^, harsh; ^ /io'-, who; '^ 

hor, a river. 



cH^i To roar ; to h' 



luster. 



JJ ao 



From Q imo^, to wrap up. Hence yQ 
2)'ao^ to soak ; 'j:^ pao-, to roast ; {^ 
7/00^ to run ; ^ y;ao^ to nurse; j}| pao'- 
the woinb; ^-^ //ao'^ a plane. 
I ^ to roar. 

P(t To order. 
/'^ 
From f^/u*, to commit to. Hence ]^ 
fn\ a prefecture; ^^ fu\ near- ^f /u-, to 
tally. 

c^S^ Grief; sorrow. To pity. 
«i To feel for. To im- 

plore. 
From ^ i\ clothes. Compare ^ 



37 



P 30 



VOCABULARY. 



6—7 



sJmni^, to decrease; ^ li^, inside. 
•JU mournfal ; to feel grief. 
^ to have pity ou. 

M grief- 

5a to cry piteously. 
^ 5^ -^ Tve implore Thee, Heavenly 
Father. 

ct^U To wail; to Avcep. 
t\to 

From ^^ cJuio'^, an omeii. Hence -^f^ 
Vido^, to can'y ; ^j[> Cicny^, to jump; 5^ 
t'ao'-, to flee. 



c X)Xi A particle expressing snr- 
iS^'tu prise, admiration, or 

grief. 

From ^ tsV/r, to wound with wen- 
pons. Hence ^ ts\ir, to cut out ; ^ 
^.9ai\ to plant; ^ isai^ calamity; ^ 
tsui^, to load. 



To bite ; to guaw, 



'I^J 



From ^ k'ao^, to unite. Hence ^jc 
Jc'ao*, to compare; f,3^ hlao^, to stran<]jle ; 
il^ /oV/o^, a dragon ; |3^ i;/>W'\ a dumpling ; 
^^ /ii'V/o"^, crafty ; yX Ji^uio'^, to imitate. 

I :^ i5 "if to gnash the teeth. 
"pl ) Sound of laughter. 

Jiak 
From ^ /;o//, to join. Hence f^ /i-s/a/i, 
to blend ; '\^ k'iali, timely ; ^^ alnh, ten ; 
tk ^'^', to give ; ^ Itoh, a smull box. 

pi Ft Actions. A kind ; class. 
l)' in 

From p Jiea', a mouth, (repeated). 

I fr coudiict. 



^ to play ou the flute. 

Ml, 

Elder brother. 



k> 



From Til h\^, may. Hence |^ ho^, 

songs. 

I ^ older brother. 



'PS Afiua 



lal particle. A char- 
i'i' acter used in names. 

From ^ IP, a mile. Compare ^ Zi^, 
reasou ; ^ mar, to bury ; fg /^^ rustic. 

;7^) To weep ; to cry ; to 



k'lik 



mourn tor. 



From -j^ Jcuen^, a dog. Compare ^ 
k'i\ a vessel. 

I fi to weep. 

I # pI '111 to cry piteously. 

To pant. To roar. 
h-^iao 

From ^ hsiao'^, filial duty. Hence @| 
/oino*, leaven. 

c/^ The lips. Also read c/i'M(??i''. 

From ^ clien'^, time. Hence ^ c/ie7i*, 
to shake ; ^ clien^, to restore ; ^ ch'en\ 
dawn. 



H^ To mak 



ake mischief ; to 
incite. 



From ^ s^^i?l^ puffed up. Hence i^ 
tsi'dn'^, finished ; |^ suaii^, sour. 

P/li'^) A fiual particle, sometimes 
nail interrogative. 

From % via\ that. Hence % no", to 
move. 



38 



VOCABULARY, 



n 80 



IBk To spit ; saliva. Also 
t'a read t'o^. 

From ^ cli'ur, to haiip:. Compare |i[| 
cK'tii'^, a hammei'j jje /-v^rt/\ crafty. 



(IFlj To discuss ; to deliberate. 
shang A mercliant ; commerce. 

Compare }|| ti/i, to drop. Distinguish ^ 
fiVi, a stem. 
[ SI to deliberate. 
I ;5 ^^ ^'■^^^^ *^'^'^^' 5 consult. 
I M travelliug merchants. 
I ^ traders. 
I M ^ ^ sutisflictorily arranged. 

^}^ [ To open ; to begin. To 
'Qjrj explain. 

k'i 
From ^ hu*^ a door; and ^ puh, to 
strike. Hence ^ chao^, begiuuiug. 



'P55 



Dumb. 



From gg m*, inferior. Hence ;^ ia^, 
dumb ; ^ o/i, evil. 

[ PE a dund3 person. 
I .P ^ "a to be silent ; unwilling to 
speak. 

IHJ To ask ; to enquire. To 
lien require from. To sen- 

tence. 
From P5 men^, a door. 

I #L — "Pj ^^1^ bim a question. 
I ^ to ask after another's health. 

^Z-r ) I To eat ; to diink ; to 
rtg r swallow. To suffer. 

ch'ih 



From ^ Z;*/^, a covenant. 

I ^ food ; provisions ; to feed— of 

pigs, etc. 
I P^ to eat and drink ; feasting. 
I fQ to eat to the full. 
I ^ to feed on a meat diet. 
I ^T to eat all up. 
I f5 to sutler loss ; to get the worst 
of a matter. 

Ui^ m 11 . . 

J<C J-o call, to invite; to 
Jiuait name. 

From ^ liuan\ gay. Compare f^ 
}inan\ to excliange; §^ huan*, luminous; 
■)^ huaii^, sick. 

[j To cry ; to mourn ; to 



tt 



howl. 



From ^i ti\ a ruler. Compare |{| t'l"^, 
a hoof. 

I 5^ to lament. 

^g^ Good ; virtuous. Apt ; 
s/tan expert. 

From ^ ia)iff", a sheep ; and jf konf, 
joined hands. Compare :^ /wr, pleased. 

I M good and evil. 

I fr good actions. 

[ A good people. 

I ^ good fruit ; outcome of a good life. 

I J5^ M it «pt to teach. 

I '^ # f .K goodness has a good recom- 
pense. 



■§^ Pleasure ; joy ; pleased 
hai with. 

From ■§ l-ih, lucky ; and jf ko))g^, 
joined hands. Compare |a Ai-i^, joy ; ^ 
shaii^, good. 



P 30 



VOCABULARY. 



9 — 10 



^ pleasni'e. 

^ pleased ; glad of. 

^ to smile with joy. 

^ to delight in. 

>\^ glad ; gladness. 

iti ^ ^N joy beyond all expectation. 



Ijlflj) A final particle ; a eliar- 
lah acter used in names. 

From ^] lah, to liack. Compare ^i) 
niien'^, tender. Uistiuguish ^\\ t6-"i\ u 
thorn. 



■ m a Lama. 



To call : to halloo. 



han 



From ^ hsien"^, all. Hence ^ clieii^y 
a needle ; ^ /;^en■^ to diminish, (joinpare 
^ /ine/i, doubtfnl ; J^ huh, to delude; 
]^ kan^, to thank. 

I P?f to call out. 

I #. ^ call him to come here. 



n^. To drink. 

lioh 



To shout out, 



From ,^ /io/i, why ? Hence -J^ A'oA, 
thirsty ; %, haieh, to rest ; t% kith, to 
exert strength. 

I ^ to drink tea. 

I j@ to drink wine, 

I ffS f to get drunk. 

I J£ T ^^ ^^'"'^'^ tli"i^i^k enough. 



Pi' 



A parable ; to illustrate. 



From ^ u", to speak. Hence H^ it^, an 
edict; ^ w*, to heal; j^ u'-^, to overpass. 

cJ^* Single ; alone ; only. Odd, 
tun as a number. A cheque ; 

an account ; a bill. 



From fg t'ieir, a field ; and -\^ sh'ih, 
ten. Hence ij; chan\ to fight ; gf ^'fl^/^^ 
to thrum. 

I ^ a list ; a bill. 

I ^ ^ uulined clothes. 

I M to want nothing but. . . . 



^P^ To lose ; to die. Read 
sang scuir/. To mourn for 
parents. 

From -p sh'ih, ten ; and ^ i^, clothes. 
I 'TO to lose life. 
I C to die. 
I }M to lose heart ; to be discouraged. 

cHPt Clamour ; noise. 

From ^ hsiien^, to proclaim. Hence 
|h| hsiien^, to clamour. 

I If clamour. 
1 I^ hubbub. 

cPI^ The throat. 
heo 

From ^ /«eo", a marquis. Hence ^ 
heo^, a monkey. 

j Pi the gullet. 

Pljy To connect ; to inherit ; 

6i heirs. Afterwards. 

From •JID' ts''eh, a register ; and "^ si^ 
an officer. 

I -^ heirs. 

|hI ) Miserly. The harvest. 

seh 

From ^ Zrt/2, to come ; and ^ /i;<^ 
a granary, (both contracted). Hence ^ 
tsiang^, a wall ; ^ seh, ripe grain. 



40 



10—10 



VOCAIUT.AKY. 



a 30 



j-j 1\) de.sirc ; to lust after. 
k'i 

From -^ k'i', Mged. 

I ;g^ ;i(l(!ict(Ml to lust. 

I f^ 1:- *6 ^'''' <I<''^ii'<' f'^" Inst becluuds 
the' lieart, 

( ^ To taste ; to prove ; to 
(■li\iN(j experience. 

From fjj shiing^, yet ,- find q* r//P, 
a decree. Compare ^^ t'cjuf, a liall; -^ 
?'r///^^ oiiglit; ;g aluthf, tu bestow; If^* 
cliiing', ooiistunily. 

I — '^ taste aud sec. 

1 i^ 5|; ?E i^<> ex])erieucc the power of— 

truth. 
I T 5E f^ ^0 -t^^te death. 



c^Tl Admirable ; excellent. 

From ■± i>z\ scholar; and jfju kia^, to 
add. 



ffttf^ 



I The mouth ; a mouthpiece. 

From j|[^ /S.i'r', this; and ^ kloh, a horn. 
I ^ tlie lips. 

^Pir f A vessel ; a utensil, 
eg^ ( Capacity. 

From 'j^ k'Hen^y a dog, 
I Jl vessels ; utensils. 
j ^ iinplemeuts. 
I M vessels. 

*M\ To bite ; to gnaw. 

.-iki 



From 3£ slii^, to divine. 



'JiJy^ To scare; to intimidate. 

I'^iom ^|; lull, awe-Inspiriiig. 

I "^ o-reutlv terrilied ; frightened to 
death. 

(;^X " Stern ; strict. Diguified. 
icii Private. 

Fi-om y !iaii\ a cliff; and |5( Lrin^, to 
dai-f. Hence {|| ien^, )uajeslic; ^'^ leW-, 
a preci[)ice. 

I ^ secret ; close. 

I ^ strict : ri^-oronsh'. 

I ^ to repi'iniand severely. 

I JflJ severe punishment ; to punish 

heavily. 
I ^ (l^i severely ; straitly. 

r^^ To make an uproar ; to 

rang brawl. 

Fi'om ^ aiang^, to remove. Hence ^ 
uiang\ to brew; |g I'tuuj'", to yield ; f^ 
siiiDtj^, to inlay. 

I f?h1 ^*^ quarrel. 

iPiii The throat. 
long 

Fi-om ^1 long-, tlie dragon. Hence f| 
loHif, to aiiiid ; ISJi /oiif/'^ to grasp; }|| 
lull g^, a gem; || /w^r/'-^, u hole; ^j^g 
cIlouij'^, grace. 



m^ To chew. 
i.siuk 
From -^ /^^'ici/i, rank. 
^ a bit. 



A bag ; a purse ; a sack. 
uang 

From ^ flauri^, fo assist; and ^ mih, 
to cover. Hence ^J aiang^, lo iulay. 



41 



P :^0 



VOCABULARr. 



21 



/^) To cDJoiu. 
cIluIi 
From J^ shiih, to Lcloug to. 
I pft to order ; to cliarge. 

The 31st Radical. 

( I I An enclosure. 

llHcl 

Hence pg !s'i^, four. 

(|Z^ A prison. To imprison. 
t.'s hi 
From A ^*e'^^ a mau. 

I 311 '1 prisoner. 

I *6 a jailor ; a turnkey. 



m 



Four. 



From /\ imh, eiglit. Hence f^ i>7^ 
mucus. 

[ J^ four boundaries ; all sides. 

J \^ four points of the comjiass ; N. S. 

E. and W. 

1 "tS four sides ; everywhere. 

I g all round. 

I ^ 6^ four-sided ; square. 

1 II at :^ the fourth watch. 

I + ^ ^ more than forty years old. 

I ^ ^ -^ one- fourth. 



01 



To return to or from. 
A time. To chanae. 



lilU'l 



From P A'eo^, a mouth. Hence jl. 
Imei'^, to revolve. 

I ^ to return answer. 
j ^ to reply. 
I ^ to go back. 



I ^ to retutn home. 

I H to turn. 

I T^ to return answer to a superior. 

I g^ to turn the head ; to repent ; to 

reform. 
I HI Wc IMaliomedans. 
I t^ If M t<^' repent ; to change one's 
views. 

c [Zlj Because ; in consequence 
■iH of. A reason ; a cause. 

From /^ ta\ great. Hence ^, en^, 
grace ; 3,0 ien^, rouge ; '"^ ien^, smoke ; 
^0 in^, betrothal. 

I 1^ because. 

I, ]JJj on this account. 

|i) Distress ; difficulty. Sur- 
k'ueii rounded by. Weary ; 
tired. 
From 7jt onu/j, wood. Hence ||I Icucn^, 
to bind ; ^ k'ueH'\ to biud. 

[ ^ tired ; exhausted. 

I ^ poverty ; in deep poverty. 



m 

kii 



Firm ; strong; ; established. 



From "(Ef hn^, ancient. Hence f@ ho* 
a uumerary adjunct. 

I ^ really ; unquestionably. 

1^' 



A circle. Also read Fiien^. 
k'ueii 

From ^ ki'ien*, a roll. Hence ^ kusii"^, 
tired; ^ /;'at')i^ to roll up. 

I ^ to hem iu. 



rz^ ) A kingdom ; a state ; an 
kuch empire. 

From ^ hueJi, perhaps. Compare ^ 
huh, to deceive. 



4^.5 



1—4 



VOCABT'LARY. 



± 113 



j jj^ admiiiistvatiou o 
kinudom. 



overmneut ; 



( i^ To surround ; to invest ; 
■iiei to besiege. 

From ±^ nor, leather. ITencc ^j iici'^, 
to protect ; j^ ner, to disobey; ^ -uei,^, 
a tassel. Compare ;^ V u"^, to plau. 

I to bosie.uT. 

I 'f^ f<> encirc-le. 

I Ifj •' petticoat ; apron, 

cjMj A garden. 

From ;^ //e^r, a robe. Hence j^ ;'/e/;^, 
distant ; f^ //ey/-, a carriage. 
I ^ a garden. 

clMj To selieme ; to plan. A 
t'"' map. 

From ^ ^:>^i3, avaricious. Distinguish 
^ ?i(V'^i'\ circLdur. 

I m t«> plot against. 

c 1^1 A mass ; a lump. To coil. 
V (laa 

From ^ c/ninii^, only. Hence ^ 
cluiair. to mill ; .^t^ clinaii^, a tile; f^ 
ch'nan', to transmit ; $|| iSV^a/^, to knead. 

The 32x1) ]\adic.\l. 

Ju, Earth ; land. Local. 
t n 

Hence ^ /.-"//^ to go ; [Ij^ /'//.■», to spit ; 
^ .s'z*, a monastery. Dislmguish -^ n'i^, 
a sell o hi r. 

I tfi I'^i^^'^d dialect : patois, 

I ^ sterile ground ; shallow soil. 

I Ji;5 an earthen wall ; a rampart. 

I -p" loc^al ])ronun(;iati(jn ; brogue. 

I !\j} local produce. 



A^ At ; in ; on. To rest 

tsfii with; to consist in. To 

be 2)i'esent ; to be alivo, 

Compare ;j^ tsncir, to retain ; \^ tsl'\ 
careful. 

[ ^ to consist in. 

I Jlfchere. 

f 5fe beforehand. 

I 0«a^P"iiy- 

I ?S PaJ <luring the night, 

I ^ ff» in a dream. 

I Jl 0l <"ibove ; on the top. 

I ffl" 4* i'^ the middle; amono-; between. 

] it 4* iucduded ; in the midst. 

I ^N W outside. 

I Wi "i^ l)efore the eyes ; at the present 

time. 

I — ^ all together, 

I '^j^ where? 

\ ^5'^ there. 



Earth ; ground ; soil. A 
^i place. 

From :^ iV, also. Hence fj^ /V/i, he ; 
: ^ ck'r, a pool ; §^ ch"i\ spreading. 

I I 'M a place. 

! I ^' hell ; a prison. 

1 I ^ landowner ; landlord. 

j I ^ boundary. 

' I -i^ position ; place ; state. 

i I ^^ the ends of the earth. 

' \ /Z a grave ; a hole. 

I g land ; property. 

I ± soil. 

1 :§" '^ local officials. 

zxz^ To sit ; a scat. To travel 
tso by. 

i From A re?i^, a man. Hence /^ tso'^, 
! a throne. 



4'3 



± 3-2 



YOCABULArvY. 



4—7 



I f to sit down. 

I )M to partake of a, feast. 

I M ^^ travel by Ijoat. 

I ^ to sit iu court ; to sit m jujo-meut, 



'm Lev 



:H^ Level. Satisfied. 



t an 



From Jg_ tan'^, tlie dawn. Hence ^B 
fan'-^, to dust ; ^H ^<7?i--\ coui-ago ; {H fan-^, 
but. Disliugui^h i:H «e/<^, a brick wall. 



Jit A foundation. A boundary. | j ^ ^ .f^ boldly : without fear. 

I ^^ te ^ eonlideutly ; witliout suspi- 



Clii 



From Jt c-^'^^j ^^ stop. Ilence if\[ ch^, 
happiness; ^t c/ir, a foot; lit c/t'of, to 
haul ; ^ c/i'z^, disgrace. 



.i^ Em, 



km 11 



al ; equally ; fairlv. 
All. 



From ^ i7i?i", even. Hence f^ h'tin'^, 
a weiolit. 



I ^ impartial ; uniform. 

(•yj A ueiglil)OurIiood. A fac- 
/«".9 tory .; store. 

From "^f] fang^, square. Honce 1;^ 

fo.nrf, to inquire; |^ fanq^ to spin; ^ eiS c/i•eJ^(/^ sincere; .^^ s/i 

/«??/, frann.nt; (SjJ /a»j^^ to guard I ^'"''1*'"'® ^^5 "'^'' '^ I't-B'""- 

against ; ^fam/^, like ; "l;^ /a/'^', to let go. | I f^ the city gate. 

t^ I ^1 tlie wall of the city. 
c^yj To fall into ruins. 



c^Lr To hang down ; to let fall.' 
cWai- To condescend. 
Hence I^ t\i\ to s})it; ^ c//'»i-, to 
cudgel; {ji| s/zu/'*, to sleeps |^ cJi,\cr, a 
hammer. 

I ^ to condescend to listen. 
I r^ to think of o-i-aciouslv. 



i^))X A. city. The wall of a city. 

ch'eiuj 
Fi-om J^ ch'eng", to complete. Hence 
clieng^, sincei-e ; J^ sheug"^, abundant. 



From j^ taii^, a pill. Hence ;^ chmi'^, i 
n silken banner. 

I fij to fall— as a building. 

I ifj to collapse. 

c-^yh A pit ; a hole. To iirvolve. ; 

From ^i k'n)}g'\ violent. HfMico f^i i 
k'ixng'^, a brick tire bed ; ^^ k'ang'\ tu 
0])po.se ; j^ k'a)ig\ a divan. 



cities ; towns ; a District (H,.) 
il^ ^ inside and outside the city. 



J 0. A wall. 



From 0^ Jisifeii^, to revcdvp.. Hence 
Hfn huaiL^, a tablet, liislinguish iU, t'an^, 

level. 



c^yys*. A bank : a slope. 

From Jf^ ])'P, skin. Hence "Jj^ j/v, 
fiitigue ; ^ ^j^\ to wear; ^)X po^', I'dUM} -, 
^ 2j'o\ to break; jj^ P•^^ '^ wave; g^;i>c<b 

glass. 



/p Dirt .; filth. L)isgrace. 

From j^ /ico', a ruler. Hence |§ /'t'c^^, 
to abuse. 

( J^ Dust ; dirt. Also read a/^. 



From ^ /2, a final particle. Hence ^^ 
(7z\ next to; ^ si^, to wait upon; p^ 
ai', an exclamaliuu. 



44 



VOCAIU-LAKY. 



± 3^ 



To biirv. To secrete. 



From ^_ /;^ a iiiilr. ]]cuco ^ li\ to 
mnnHfjo; ^ /r\ bi-otluM's* wives : |[y /i'-, a 
f.)X; ,|jj! //•^, ;i carj) ; jg /('^ course. 

I ^M ^^ ^1'*^^^ 5 to couceal. 

I %% to bury. 

I {/^ an ambuscade ; ainbusli. 

PI To manure. To iiouri.sb. 
■p'ci 

Fi-nni -"§" pei^, to sj)it. H(Mice P,,'^- pVi", 
to rej.ay ; f§ ^c/^ to iiiorens.> ; jjg p'e/", 
to accoiupaiiy; '^ij p'eo^^ to split ; ^f) puS 
a clas.'^. 

c'^rr A foiiiidation ; a 1)ase. 
kl 

Frou-i ^ /.-'/-, lio. H,Mice ^ Z'/^, 
cbess ; ^ /'/\ a year; ji^ /-'/', to dJlVaud ; 
^ /t'/\ a dust p;in. 

[ '^ (^lirist. 

I jtjl: the fouudatiou of a wall. 

1 II property ; i)Osses.sioas. 

t -Pi A ball ; a reception room ; 
^'""1/ a meeting place ; a law 

court. 

From f^" sJHUig\ yot. Hcmco *^ 

cli'anif-, constantly; ^> laiitj^. uugihi ; % 

tanif, a sect; % .sJiaiu/, to bestow; ^ 
shantj-, clotlies. 

iH'D To grasp; to bold. To 
c/'^/i manage ; to attend to. 

From % nan"-, a pill ; and 2^ iaiig'-, 
a sheep, (altered), ilonce ^ cluh, to 
grasp ; f^ diih, a tribute, 

f ^ to manage ; deacons. 

I "^ to administer the goyennneut. 

I '^i to superintend. 



'*'lb T(^. b(\'ip np ; to pile. A 
till b(\ip. 

From ff: rA»/\ birds. TTcnno % Ct'i^, 



to push 



,s//. 



nr, wlin 



curtain; '[]^ kg/^, only; ?|| ckncii\ to 
grant. 

I ^- to store up. 

c-l^ Firm; strong. Solid. De- 
k''i^ tcrmined. 

From g cWetr^ a statesman ; and ^ 
in\ also. Hence ^ h^ien^, wortliy : If 
•sAc!/),-', the kidneys. Distinguish ^ iVt/t', 
to ei-ect. 

] ^ to guard safely. 

1 *^> determined ; the mind made up. 

1 W t'ei'tnin ; firm. 

I {£} tirm ; strong- ; stable. 

I S 7 f| immoyable ; stedfast. 

TjX To announce. To re- 
l^io compense. To inform. 

A reward. 

Compnre ^ hsiiig'^, fortunate; J]^ fn^i, 
to submit ; f(^ Iiia'\ false. 

] nj] to state clearly. 

I ijl to ayeuge a grievance. 

I JM ^*' recompense ; a recompense. 

j fg to notify ; to give information. 

] ■^' to requite. 

J fg to avenge. 

J :^ _t OO' *^" register names ; to enrol. 

4^ To stop np. 

tu 

Fiom ^ cha^, who. Ilence n^' ^"^t ^^ 
gamble; |^- .sa\ a clue ; ^- (^/io//. present 
]>ar(iciple; ^, ckii^, to boil ; ^ c/t((S all; 
^t c/i(6\ a p'lg. 

I f^ to Idock up : to stop. 

I M- 5 to stop the ear. 



45 



± 32 



VOCABrLARY. 



)— 11 



iMt) . .1 1 ' ^^ to stop up. 

c-^ f All oi.en space ; a tlircsli- . , ^ ^^^ ^o resist couviction ; harden the 



m 



iuii' tiour. N. A. 



heurt. 



^ r, . . . TT .„ '^^ To fill lip; to fill iu. To 

^ From ^ uv,g , to cxpanrl. Honce ^ ^-^^^ ^^^^^^^^ ^^^^^^ 

•^ /'o;!^\ to scald; \^ sJiaiu/, to injure. ; From ^ r//^»\ true. Kence ft c/ie»^ 

.^ : to ])r()tecL; f^ .v/zt'^i'. caution ; P^ cKeii^, 

T W AT • -P XT A angrv at ; M ii/e/^S upside duwu. 

'^'Q A lump ; a piece ot. jN.A. ; °- ■ -^ ' ' 

/-'//fu j I t^ to till up level. 

From ^ /iV(r/'3, a gluts'-. Compare f^- j 1.^;=^) 

l^nvi^, a cliiet ; J^ /^iw", a demon; ^^ 
Inieii-, the soul. 

I tE M M ^^^^ '^1" two— dollars. 

T^Pr A grave ; a tomb. 

ino 
From ^ «io/i, not. Hpnce |^ ??io\ to 



fppl ; ^ '»i'(^, evening; ^ ///o//, sandy ; 
^ //to^, 10 desire. 

j P^ the door of a tomb. 

J^^) To fall in ruins ; to collapse. 

From Jl fah, tlie souiul of wing=. 
Hence ^ tali, a couch ; 5^ ^V///, to stamp. 

•J-pij ) A tower ; a pngoda. 

t" ah 

From '^ taJi, to undertake. Hence |& 
idJi, a purse; |S /a/t, to pile up; >^^ 
chah, a document. 

i:=^ To smear ; to daub. To 
t^io erase ; to blot out. 

From J,^ t'n", name of a river. , 
I ^ to cruse. 



J To stop up. 



^y^i A boundary ; a state ; 
^^i'l'j position. 

From ^ kiug\ finall}-. Hence ^% 
/''iix/, a mu-ror; f^" tsiaur/, starch. 

I j^ cireurastauces. 

I 1^ state ; couditiou ; boandarv. 

(Si. Dust ; dirt. 

From II /»/;, a deer. Compare ^ /i', 
elegant. 



I ±dust. 



sell 



From ^ /^vi■a^ to fill up. Hence g| 
sai'*, to contest; ^S c/m/^, a fortress. 



To fill up ; to make good. 



From ^ clt'ih, to grasp. Distinguish 
^ hKhIi, a school. 

j Zp to fill up aud make even, 

^ To fall down: to sink. 
cIluI Interchanged Avitb the 
following character. 

From }^ tui\ a regiment. 
I W ^'^ ^"'^^ down. 

^^ To fall; to let fall 

From \)^ sui-, name of a dynasty. 
I -^ to sink ; to fall. 



40 



11— 1() 



VOCAlU'I.AIiY, 



^ ^■> 



(J-g To add to ; to increase. 

From -ff /.s'('?;^/\ jiast. lloiice '[f- ^i-e/^f?*, 
to hate; ff f«eM.7\ u Ihuldiii-st ])iiest ; fe 
i^^e?3gr', to give; ^ /6''t';/i/', a layer; fj 
tsc.ng^, to steam. 

I ^ to add to. 

I W: to iucrease ; to aug-ment. 

#> Ink. 

From M /''"//, black. Hence ^ 7?ic7/, 
secret; S^ i'ic>t^, a dut. 

i*^;;^ A grave ; a mound. 
fen 
From ■^/ey/^ bokl. Hence jg fen'^, zeal- 
I ^ a burial })lace. 

M^ f A Avail 

From ^ se/i, .stingy. Hence 
ripe grain. 
I JJ walls. 



I 'B IM -^ \viuq.irss. 

c r»:t 

^ A wall To pile np. 

From [^ lul", divided fields. Hence 
il lui\ trouble. 



•♦^PC Bad; vii'ious. To ruin; 
hiiai to spoil. 

From ^ iLiial^, to conceal Hence 'j^ 
huai^. the bosom. 

I ^ B^ kad thiiig-s ; a dejiraved person. 
The 33rd Radical. 

I~r A scholar. 

Hence ££• ren'-, a Stem; ^ 2'^*'^<^^ ^ 
dial ; \^ mai\ to sell. 

I Bi the Judges. 

7\Al Strong ; vigorous. 

cJiUCDUJ 

From ^ cJi'iiang'-^, a coucli. Plence ^ 
sell. \ cJiUfiin/, to pack ; ^ t'//»a»y\ grave ; j^ 
cJiuan</, an indictment. 



To stop up ; to obstruct. 



tony 



From ^ iong^, harmony. Hence ^H 
iung^, to crowd ; ^ o?;^'*, an earthen jar. 



S\ 



An altar. 



^'a/i 



From ^ ian^, sincere. Hence |^ 
i'a?r, a hard wood ; ^ chan^, feet. 

/J^) To press ; to oppress. To 
■iah crusli. 

From )P iV?i*, to dislike. 
I fij to subject ; to overbear. 
I -j^ to keep down ; to counteract, 



pTf Old ago ; long life. 

Hence ^ clt'eo", a tally; ||- iao^ to 
pray ; ^ c/ta^, to cast metal; ^^ ck'eo^, 
ii'resoluLe. 

I ^ number of years : age. 
The 34th Hadical. 
^ To follow. 

clti 
Compare ^ tong^, winter ; -^ lio//, each. 

The 35Tn Radical. 
c^V Moving. 



47 



:^c ^^ 



VOCABULAPvY. 



Summer. 



h.sld 



From '^ieh, a leaf, (eoritracted.) Hence 
j ^ suiiiiiier time. 

The 3r>TH Eadical. 
^ ) E-veuiiig, 
Hence ^ ming\ a Ucune, 

y\ Outside; beyoud. For- 
mat eign ; lj;u-1)arous. Jlix- 
tniordiiiar}'. 

From |-\ pull, to divine. 

I y]< perquisites. 

I t^ ])eIouging to another province. 

I ^ lieathen. 

I M outside ; the outer surface; 

I ^ outside. 

I A 5^11 outsider. 

I ^p another district. 

I |g a sister's sou. 



to 



From ^ sih, evening. Hence f^ /- 
to move ; f^ c/t"i', wasteful. 

I tp how much ? liow numy ? 

I ^ many times. 

I ^ many })arts ; in many ways. 

I -^ numy phices. 

I ^ tlie greater part. 

I if many years. 



4^ Night; dark; (hirkncss. 



I ^ at ni,u-]it ; ni^'lit time. 
I Pnl dui'ing the night. 

^-^^ \ A dream. To dream. 

t^^ J 
'iueng 

From ^ me)ig\ a dream, (the original 
form). 

The 37th Radical. 

y\. Great; vast; extensive, 
i^ft Noble ; high iu rank. 

A'^ery ; much. Full 
grown. 
Hence iu''-, becnnse; '^^mei'\ beauti- 
ful. Distinguish j^ t'ai*, threat. 
I ^ everybody ; tlie whole. 
I A a mandarin of rank ; Your Ex- 
cellency. 
I g the sum of ; general drift of. 
I ^ great famine ; scarcity. 
j 3&Jt iu a great rage. 
I 5g to cry bitterly. 
[ E a high official. 

I ^ the larger half ; for the most part. 
I JH '^e^'y courageous. 



Much ; many ; numerous. ' [ 



Hence ^ ie\ to uphold. 



I 51 ^ ^ke eldest sou. 
f i^ H great calamity. 
\ '^ ^ A hero ; a virtuous man, 
I $i J^ fl to assume great authority. 
I J5 A ^ great household ; well-to-do 
families. 

cy^ Heaven; lieavculy ; the 
t'ten sky. A day. Provid- 

ence. An emperor. 
From — ih, one. 
I ;3C Heavenly Father, 
I -^ an angel, 
I y the empire ; the wide world. 



48 



1—5 



YOCABULARY. 



:/c 37 



j J: licaveii. 

I ^(layli^l.t. 

I ^ naturally. 

I i.cal.'s. " 

I M licaveii and earth. 

f PI the Kmo-doni ofHoaA'on. 

[ ^ moral revtitude ; moral priuci'plcs ; 

divine justice. 

I H ob '^"y ^« breaking-, 

y\. ^cYy ; much ; too exccs- 
t'tii sive. Tuace. 

From > tLen% a dot. 

I ^ in the bcgnuuiug. 

\ ip too few. 

I "ic '^ mandarin's wife ,' a lady, 

I 2^ peace ; i)eaceful. 

I fiJI too hard ; t(>o firm, 

I ^ a eunuch, 

1 ^ too much. 

I iii T excessive, 

<yV A sage ; a distinguished 
/'t person. A liuslxiud A 

labourer ; an artizan. 

Ffom — il), one. Hence ^ fu'-, to 
suj)port. 

I ^ sage ; master. 
I W husband and wife, 
I ^ husband and wife. 



^, To 



lose ; to slip; to ne- 
i>}iik gleet ; to miss. An 

omission. 

llcnce 5J^ tieh, to stumble. Distinguish 
^ slip, au arrow. 

I Tfi to lose cai)ital ; to fail in trade. 

I >X, to catch fire. 

I -^ lost ; to lose. 

I ^^ to lose. 



I 5§ to lose ; destroyed, 

f fi to lose a throne. 

I f= to break faith. 

[ gg to lose hojK) ; disappointed. 

I riTb)st. 

[ M iU. i-4- lost and found again. 



'C) To press ; to squeeze. Lin- 
^'^'"^'' ed. To cany secretly, 
Frf)in A rpjr, a man. Hence [^^ 
/Vsm/t, a nai'row pass; $1$ /i-sm/i, narrow ; 
fj/c /-iV/A, to squeeze. 

1 m '^ voi-tex ; meeting of two currents, 

[y^ Barbarous tribes. 
i 

From ^ konr/, a how. Hence ^%i', 
soap ; ^ z-^, a wife's sister, 

I ^ barbarians. 

-_^^ r btrange ; woiideriul; rare. 

lit 

From pTf /i-'(;% may. Hence |;| i", a 
chair : (^ i^, to tru5t ; ^- ;ti*, to forward ; 
^i k' >-'■, to ride an animal. 

[ ^ a wonderful affair ; a miracle. 

f *^ strange ; rave. 

I K^ signs ; wonders. 

I t^ strauge talk. 

^^^ But ; how. A remedy ; 
nai a resource. 

From jj^ sht'^, an omen. Compare ^ 
t\ii^, liberal. 

'^^P^ To receive with both 
fcng hands. EespectfuUy. 

To oftcr. To serve. 

Hence i^ feng\ salary ; j^ pang'^, a 
blud^reon. 



49 



-k 38 



TOCABULARY. 



5—13 



1 i^ to enter the chnrcli. 

I yg to flatter. 

j ^ to receive an Imperial Decree. 

I ^ i§ to be sent. 

^^ To repgrt to the Throne ; 
t^eo to memorialise the Em- 

peror. 

Hence J^ tsed^^ to collect Distinnuish 
^ is hi'', name of a dynasty. 

I ^ to memorialise the Emperor. 

t yi* To r^in away ; to Le in a 
pe/t hurry. 

Hence ^ 7;cm*, to hasten to ; \^ jyeii^, 
to fumble tilings over. 

I iS fag- ; toil. 

J ^ to travel quickly ; to hasten.. 

^^^ A case ; a snare. To 
t'ao encase ; to enwrap. A 

set ; a suit. N. A. 
From ^ cWancf, long. 

^^ To offer libations. To 
tien determine. 

From "^ chill}, a chief. Hence ^ 
cJieng^, a feudal state ; ^j ch'ih^ to throw 
down. 

fx^ Extravagant ; wasteful. 

shce 
From ^ c//<2'^, a relative pronoun. 
Hence f^ c/t'ts^ to haul. 

I ^ showy. 
I ^ wasteful. 

::x^C Mysierious ; obscure. 
<t(/ 
Heuce '(.^ (io\ to r.-erret ; |^ ao^, an 
ouler gaiiiK ut ; ^ au*, a buy. 



f f^ subtle ; hidden. 

I ^' marvellous; mysterious; a mystery. 

:::^ To exhort ; to encourage. 
tiiiang To commend. 

From ;(f tsiaiuf, to thke. Hence f,^ 
tsiaiif/, syrup; ?ig tsiaiK/, an oar; ^ 
tsiaiig^, sauce, 

I ^ to commend and reward ; a prize. 



ii^y To snatch : to grasp ; to 
toll take away. 

From ffr ehui^, a bird ; and irj- tsiien'^, 
an inch. Compare ^ t'ao^, an envelope. 

I -^ to snatch from. 

j [H to recover by force. 

I ^ to capture. 

I i§ ^ to take from. 



'jia To rouse. Impetuous ; de- 
fti^ termined. 

From fll chui^, birds; and \Q i'ien^, 
a field. 

I fj to put forth effort. 

I ^ to incite. 

The 38th Radical. 

/A^ A woman ; feminine. 

n/i 
Hence ^ a)}, peace; ^ iao'^, to want. 
I A a woman. 
I 5J a. daughter. 
I -^^ a damsel. 
I ii a female disciple. 
I ^ a younger sister. 
I M %'<^ daughter. 

cjPv A shive ; a depreciatory 
n (t term. 

From ^ %h\ also. Hence ]^ ?ni*, 
angpr; ^ /(a^, to take; ^* 7iu^, to put 
forth efiurt. 



50 



2—4 



VOCAIU'LAllV, 



■k :^§ 



I ^ a hoiuliiuni ; a slave. 

3s J Good ; excellent ; well ; 

hao superior ; right. On 

good terms ^vith. In 
order to ; tlint. Head 
hao^. To love.; to like. 

Firm •^ i.sv-, a son. 
I H* l)leasaut to listeu to. 
I %\ }'"i eompliment nie ; kind of you 

to say so. 
I f^" ,i;""»'d seed. 
I /# advantao-e ; profit. 
I ^ good Looking ; handsome in a 

douhle sense. 
I ^ so t])at ; in order to. 
I 'W» '^ good idea ; a friendly feeling. 
I ^ good deeds ; works of eharity or 

Iteuevolenee.. 
[ 'JIS civen to Avine ; fond of drink. 
I \^ ^ addicted to lasciviousuess. 
I i ^ jili that one may apin-ehend him. 
I J il ^ i^ it ready ? 

c3?fl Like; if. A,s good as; 

rii ecjual to. As an initial 

particle=if ; supposing ; 

etc. 

From p ]:oi;\, a moutli. Hence ^ 

t\(x\ to take; j^, s]ni\ to forgive; %^ su\ 

vei'bose. 

I f^ like to ; resendding. 

I jit thus. 

I ^ now ; at tliis time. 

I |i if ; what if. 

I fij liow ? why ? 

i ti ^D -^^j resend)ling hunger and thirst. 

I 5f fy i^ l'^6 o^^6 and varnish — on 

the most intimate ternis 

with. 



■^^C False; absurd. Keckless ; 
""":/ disorderly. 

From l^ nnng'^, to Iopc. Hence ,^ 
nang', to iorget ; fi^ mang", hurried. 

I ^ false witness ; perjni'y. 

I =^ vain and fnilisli talk. 

I ;!^ unst'cndy Lehaviour. 

-I 1^ wild statements. 

J Ina i"('(d\less reasoning. 

1 f^ li ^ to bear false witness. 

\ U ^'^ ^vill worship. 

] p o -^ t^ f>dse and ludlow statements. 

I S ^ ::^ self-opinionated ; to boast 
wildly. 



c^T Crafty ; vilh 



\inous ; fal' 



Ideii 



wicked. 



From ^ han^, to offend. Hence ^f- 

haii^, the liver; ^ Jcan\ a staff; '/f- 

/m?;*, ])erspiration ; ^Ij /;'a7i^, to carve ; ^ 
/i,a>/3, rare ; ^ /ca?i^, to drive. 

I ^ bad ; malicious. 
I ft a crafty device. 



A wife ; an Imperial 
./i-^ concubine. 

From 2, IP, self. Hence %^ ki*, to 
recolh^ct; ^^ kl\ to record; ,2. j^^i^ dread; 
tIC ^"t'^ to rise ; ^(i^j'^t*, worthy ; Q^ /.'ai'', 
to change. 



M' Apr. 

Id 



stitute. 



Fiom '^ cItV, a bi'aiicli. Hence ^ 
chz\ a branch; ^ /l-/\ skilful; itj /c'r, 
forked; )j^ chi^, the limbs. 

f 2^ a haidot. 

Piy B oa u t i f 11 1 ; excellent; w on- 
miao derful. 



51 



-k 38 



VOCABULARY. 



4—6 



From tp f^Jino^, a few. Hence j;,^ ch'ao-', 
to roiist ; ^'\} cliao^, to ti'ansciibe ; ^p 
ch'ao^, to clamour; ^^ sha^, sand. 

I |?f marvels. 

[ ^ aclniiraLly suited for use ; marvels. 

3^ Firm ; secure ; satisfactory. 
feo 
From J^ cliar/, claws. Hence f^ nui^ 
hungry; i^ sui^, peaceful. 

f ^ reliable. 

c"aaI To binder ; to oppose. An 
fcuig obstacle : a ditliculty. 

From "fi fa'^'iff^i a place. ' Hence |5/j 
foiig-, to guard against; ijj f'f»g^, a shop; 
15 fang^, to spin; ^ faity\ like; ^ 
fai/g\ fragrant ; j^ /""^^ to liberate. 

, I ]^ to hinder ; to obstruct. 



Jealous ; envious. 



From JS /(ii*, a door. Distinguish ^ 
Z-eo'', to pair. 

To adorn oneself. To 
disguise; to pretend. 

chuang 
From -^ eh'iiang^, a bed. Hence ;^ 
clbaang\ a bed; ^ c/u/a/;^*, appearance; 
^ chuang^, to pack ; ^ cUuany^, grave. 

I fi^ to adorn ; oruameut. 



} An elder sister. 



tsi 




From ^ h'p, to stop, (i'ompare ^ 
ili^, a brother. 

I 3^ sisters. 
W Ay. 



rouno-er sister, 



From ^ i/ei*, not yet. 
I ■? ^ young-er sister. 



f^S" A wife. 



Compare ^ iu/i, a pencil ; ^ leo", 
upper storey. 



An elder sister. 



tsie 



From |[ ^s■'/fc^ yet. Hence [g /.svt^ to 
hinder ; ]j£ ^.vir, ancestors ; |j_ tsu''^ to 
cuise ; |§ £6-'»S coarse ; % i\ reasonable ; 
^ tsi?, rent; JKj ^i'^f*, to help. 



sistert 




'M 



s//i 



The beginning ; to start.' 



From -^ t'ai^, eminent. H 



ence "I'^i r 



A baby. A beautiful 
woman. 



A surname ; a clan ; peo- 
^■"'y pie. 

From ^ se??o\ to produce. Hence >l'i t^ . 7 ., , tt 

sing\ disposition ; f^ ,e>uj\ animals; ^ ^^/'^^i 3£ ^"'^^\ a g^n. sceptre Hence 
677/01, a star. § ^?'''l cumamon ; ^^ kna\ to hang up ; 

1*1 kaei . a vonnir woman : iK'if J/ni,ai'-. 
1 ^ name. 



concord ; ^ i'ai^^ moss ; ^ c/i'i^, to lli g 
I )jS. the tii-st ancestor. 
I -^ beginning and end; throughout. 

c^^C Adultery ; iiceutiousness. 
kie)i 



•J^ adult er^'. 



.1 



[^ kitei^, a young woman ; ;^ //6'iai- 
shoes; ^ »rt\ a frog; ^j Z;aa'S a street. 



52 



G-10 



VOCAP.ri.AUV. 



± 38 



c/ivQ Severe ; stern ; iiKijestic. 
ucl Pomp. 

From ^ siili, 7-9 p.m. 

1^ \)i)\\ev ; authority, 
il to terrify. 
^ luajcstie ; stem. 
^ iiitluence ; j)ower. 
■^1 |)owcr. 

(3(|A| I J\raiTinrro connect 



;tions ; a 



From g /?;\ because. Hence ji'[JI ie«^, 
sm(^ke; )][§ icyi^ ruuge ; P|I /cm^, to swallow. 

^^ To marry ; to take a wife. 

^From Jg ts'ii:'', to fake. Compare ^ 
ti'u*, pleasant; j^ i^'^a^, very. 

I ^ to marry. 



riJ A wife ; a laJj ; a w^o- 
/"- mnu. 

From ^ cheo^, a bi-oom. Compare |ff 
kuei'^, to return. 

I A a woman ; women. 
I -^ women. 



cU^ A pro 



stitute ; a singing 



From ^ cJc'ant/^, prosperous. ITeiice 
^g ch\()i(/, mad; Pg cltany^, to sing; f^ 
chang^, a prostitute. 

I ^j^ harlots. 



■ An old woman. 
p'o 
Fiom iJ^ po^, a wave. 

I ^ a husbaud's mother. 



<^ tj'- 



]iy\L Pleasant; genia 



ial. 



From ^]i iifi>i\ courleouslv. Hence S>'b 
i(a)i^, ])eas ; 'j'j] ikih^, to sctjop. 
I g* entreaties. 



c.^P To niarry a wife ; a l>ride- 
hueii groom. 

From -^ //iii')i\ dusk. 
I ^ mari'iao-o. 

I ^ to nniriy ; matrim(»nial affairs. 
I ^ a weddfn"- feast. 



ll^- A female skive ; 



a maid 



■pel 



servant. 



From ^ pei^, lowly. Hence ^ p'u\ 
lares; fi^Il p'ar, a sign board; ^ jwt^, a 
tablet. 

^ n ■ ■ ' 

c^^ Covetous ; avaricious. 
laii 

From ^ Viir, a grove. Hence '{^}^ Itn'^, 
to dri]) ; :|jijj^ ///;-, a discjise of tiie bladder; 
\)j^ plii^, simple; ^ lln-, rain. Pis- 
iniguisb ^fc'u'', to burn. 



m To flatter. Attractive. 

From /^ /^/Pt"-', eyebrows. Heuce |Q 
;;jei~, the Imtel. 

H^X Tender; delicate; ini- 
/intii mature ; young. 

From y^ sJtuJi, to bind; and ^ puh, 
to tap. 

I ^ a tender shoot. 

AuaKj Daugliter-in-law. 

Slli 

From ,§, sUi, to rcsf. Hence 'l^, sih, 
to extinguish. 
I ii|f daughter-in-law ; a wife. 



53 



^ 30 



VOCABULARY. 



]0— 19 



To many a Lusljand. 



kta 



From ^ /i-/'<(\ a lionie. Hence if^J hla^, 
to suw ; \%l kia^, tools. 



) E a vy ; j e al o n sy . To Ii a te . 



I ^1 a o-raiu. 
tsih > I ^ cliildreu. 

rrom .;i^ ^s///, sickness. Hence ^* ^',//t \ I ^ 1«^<>1'1«. 



The 39th Radical. 

"T A son ; a cLikl. A dimi- 
t'i'i native. 

Hence ^J had^, good. Distingui.^h -^ 
ii^, to give; -^ iZ', in ; at. 



gorse. 
I ^J4 to Ije jealous ; to envy. 



!;3(^ Lewd ; lustful. Fornica- 



]l t((0 



tion. 



j ^ cliildren. 
I ?^. (lescendauts, 

^ Prco-iiiinl 



From 75 nap, nnmelv. Hence "^j ndP, 
From ^ 2yuio\ a ticket. Hence |?^ | a woman; ^Jj rem/, to throw away ; (JJ 
p'iao^, to bleiich ; f^ pi(io\ a signal ; *|i reii/, yet. 
2j'ia(r, a gourd ; ,^ p'iau^, to float. 

"rjn A letter; cliaracter ; word. 
ts'i 



I M pi'ostitutes 

i 



. . From >^ viipu^, a roof. Compare i^ 

c3^ A baby, specially a girl ; , ^,,/,^ a h^u^e; i^ u^ to cover. 
'ing an iufaiit. 

From 1^ 'tnr/^, peails. Hence iflp nir/, 
n cluM-ry tree ; |^ iiig^, a tassel ; ||.^ ing^, 
a parrot. 



I J^1)abies. 



jjjj] :\Hlk; tlie Lreasts of a 
'^'ASB I woman. 



From |i^ r?3^ you. Hence 
long; 5|| 6i', the royal signet. 



f'^i^C Beautiful ; handsome. 

iiiaa 



\i^ To keep ; to secrete ; to 
Av'ue// retain ; to lay by. 

Compare ff f.-^t^, to undertake; ^ 
i^.va/^ at. 

I ^ to keep out of danger. 
I ^ to detain. 
I ^- to resei've ; to retain. 
j IS to keep in miud. 
I tZ"* to have the miud set on ; state of 
uiiud. 

'^-^ To honour one's father and 
Jisino mother ; filial. 
From 5g /ao\ old. Hence |5: kiaoK to 
teach ; B^ h-siao^, to roar ; 0| hoau^, yeast. 



From 1^ luan^, to bind together. Hence 
*|^ /iVj?!^, lo lust after; ^ i/utji''^, a tribe ; | [ ]l^ to sliew filial })iety. 

I j;^; requirements of iilial piety 



^ uaii^, to bend ; ^ pien\ to change. 
I ^ a catamite ; efiemiuate 



I ^ ;^ ^ ti) houour parents 



54 



4—16 



VOCABULARY. 



i^ 40 



c-Jn To trust ill ; to have con- 
/"' fid unco ill. 

From J^ rJia(/, claws. Ileuce ^^fn-, 
to flnat ; If[ ?-u^, milk. 

cj/Ja Fatliorloss ; lonely; soli- 
^■i' tary. 

Fi'oui J^ /c:(a\ a nieloii. 
f 5i or [ J- a, fatherless elifld. 
I ;g: an orphan. 



^^ 



The 40th Radical 



A roof. 



cJM A child ; childrc 



From ^ hai\ 9 to 11 p.m. Honcp d^ 
Xr'e/i, a couph ; ^|J y^VA, to carve; ^ X;^!, 
ouglit; f^ /^e//, ihe kernel; ^ /uu'-', ihe 
skeletou ; ^ /i^/(», .stiirded. 

I 5i or [ ^ a child. 

fli> Descendants ; posterity. 

From ^ A.si\ to connect. Compare -0^ 
/isi^, to bind. 

^^) To study; to learn ; to 
h--iioh imitate. A science. 

Compare ^ kloli, to perceive; JS. it\ 
with. 

I ^ '^ pupil ; a student. 

I fcFj to study and ask — learning-. 

} fijl a device. 

I ^ a school. 

I ^ to study ; to acquire by repetition. 

I tE S to study a doctrine. 



Hence ^ fsr\ a clinracter. Distinguish 
>-♦ mill, to cover ; ^ hi^iicli, a cave. 

'^ 

>J To guard ; to prf)tect. 

shco To observe ; to attend 

to. 
From -if t.-i^ iieii'^, an inch. 
I fj to hec]) a holiday. 
I fi^ to wait for a person. 
I |i5 to remain unmarried after the death 

of a betrothed or a husband. 
[ P to guard a pass ; to close up, as a 

sore. 
1 H ^ tt> observe the Sal)bath. 
I j^ ^£ t*^ observe propriety. 



J 



Sin ; evil ; retribution. 



iiieh 
From H 5/e/i; a kind of grass. 



CiK Peace; quiet; contented. 
an To pacify. To place. 

An interrogative. 

From ;^ hii,'^, a woman. Hence J^ 
a»*, according to; ^ a/f*, a case at law. 
Compare ^ I'd-', firm. 

^ to comfort. 

^ to )/ury. 

^ to hide ; to stay in. 

1^ at ease ; pleased and happy. 

J^ tf> })hice ; to lay down. 

,g, to rest. 

^ peacefully. 

^ to take things easy ; indolent. 

^P contented. 

p quiet. 

% to appoint. 

^ satisfied ; content. 

If firm ; solid ; secure. 

^ peaceful. 

J, the Sabbath. 



55 



40 



VOCABULARY. 



3—6 



-^XJ:, A cl\A^elling. A neigli- 
tseh bniirliood. Also read 



From r^ fo*, to depeiid on. Hence |'§ 
c1l\l^, to vuunt. 



■^X* 1'lie sides of a house under 
u tlie eaves. The canopy 

of heaven ; space. 

From -^ iP, in. Hence W if, n rliko; 
PJ //w\ ahis; '^ u\ the potato; 5;J: u.\ 

tlislant. 



W tl 



le uuivei'se. 



cyiu To finish ; to complete ; 
nan completed. To pay taxes. 

From ^ ikit^, first. Hence ^ //eu'* 
a courtyard. Compare ^ tsuur/\ an 
ancestor. 

I X t'> finish work ; to coni})lete a joh. 

I fj complete. 

I ^ ^ ff '^ii perfectly arranged. 



(JU\ Wide ; vast. 

JiUllfJ 

From ^ JcoDg'^, the forearm. Hence 
M f^onrj", the arm ; ^^ hfiioiiq^, martial. 

I ,i^, ahouudiug grace ; great favour. 

( ^ An official; official. Pnb- 
k'lan lie. 

From g <^, by. Hence ^ l-iirni^, to 
look after. Distinguisii 'g^ /luait.'^, an 
official. 

I ^ rulers. 

I Jl^ a niaudarin ; a magistrate. 

At. To fix; to settle. Decid- 
ii"9 ed ; certainly. 



From 7£ ////;, a roll of chttli. Hence 
|j£ chau'^, a rent; |^ ^i"5'S an ingot of 
silver. 

I fj^ to make to order. 

I j^ to settle finally. 

I "^ to determine. 

I i^ decided ; certain ; to settle. 

I f I" to decide on a plan. 

[ IP to condenni ; decide on the pun- 
ishment. 

f (\^\ direcrtion ; course. 

I ^ a, arced upon ; decided. 

I -^ ^^ ^** decide between good and evil. 

I T ^ ^'* decide a case at law. 

I T i ^ ^*-* ^i^J^ks up the mind. 



cTJ""^ An ancestor ; a clan. To 
tsong honour. 



From 7j^ 



omen. Hence |,'^ 



f.'<on<j'^. tlie pabn tree; f^, ^.so»^^, a foot- 
print; ^ ts'ong^, to reverence. 

I ifi^ an ancestral temple. 
I Jl kindred. 

[ij Time — past, present and 
chto future. 

From tij /'(-, hy. Hence ^ clieo^^ to 
draw out; $({j cAro-, sisters-in-law ; |||^ 
r/ieo", the axle; ^^cKe(?, silk; ^ till, 
a fife. 



( H^ Right ; proper ; seemly. 

From _g, /s'/e^ yet. Hence |g i^ suit- 
able. 

-^S*) A guest ; a visitor ; a tra- 
IctK veller ; a stranger. A 

customer. 
From ^ koh^ each. 

I A «■ guest ; customer ; trader. 
I ^ a reception hall. 



56 



G— 8 



VOCABULAKV. 



40 



I ^ o-nest lull 
J f^ an inn. 



c ^. To proclaim ; to display. 
.stieii Wide, 

From 0^ li-s/i n\ to revolve. Hence 
1^ hsileii^, clamour; Pg /isi'eii^, noise. 

I Bi to ])rocl:iim. 

I fl to declare. 

1 ^ to publi^h. 

J ^ to sunmion, as to court. 

I M ^*^* y<^'dd oat. 



I fy- family ^yealth ; patrimon}'. 

I |^[5 ones native place, 

I ^ a steward. 

I ^ family property. 

[ ^ family dwelling place. 

I ^ family wealth. 

I ^ dwelling place. 

c'jiT' Appearance. 'J'o allow 
^onr/ to permit. Easy. 

From ;gl /; th, a v all 03-. 



I $L appearance. 

I ,^, to bear with. 

I H ^<-^ yield ; comi>laisance. 



,^E,) rV house ; a home ; an 
67V?A apartment. 

From S c/^^^ to arrive at. Hence ^ \ ' ^^ ^"^ ^^^cept. 
r/;>^ to cause; ^ cAi/;, a nephew; j^ \ \ IH iippearauce. 



cU'th, firm. 



f iS A palace. A temple. A 
k)H(/ college. 

From g Iil^, a musical pipe. Hence 
{^ /iZ', a compuuion. 



'S Toiiiiu 



jure ; to destroy. To j 
/i«i suiter ; to take a disease. 

From :^ /'^»<7\ graceful ; and P h'cu^, 
a mouth. Hence fij /cjh, to cut; P'§ 
lisiah, blind. 

I tfi to fear. 

I '^ to contract a disease. 

I ^ A to kill a person. 



c;^V A house ; a familj- ; a home. 

/da 

From ^jhr', a ]ng. Hence ^ /;/a-*, 
liarvest ; ^'j /;ta\ to marry a husbuud. 

[ It fanu'ly register. 

I ^ master of the house. 



I fill -^ ^et him go. 

•^ A ruler. To govern. To 
^■«^«" kill animals. 

From ■^ 6'/y/^, toilsome. Hence v^" /fo't^ 

dreg... 

I ^j^ to kill ; to slaughter. 



-^sC A feast ; a bancpiet. 

ten 
From 7- //, dny; and ^ »«^\ woman, 
Compaie ^ a//\ a caj>e at law; ^^ rt;i^, 
according to; ^^ (ii'\ 'i saddle. Distin- 
guish ^ ien'. quiet. 



'f^j A halting place. To lodge 
atih for the night. Read 

sitt^, A night. A con- 
stellation.* 
From ^ re)r, a man ; and "g" pr7t, 
a bund red. Hence |.'f^ soh, to confuse; g|| 
6'o//, to shuffle along, 

I ^^ to company with harlots. 



^^ 40 



VOCABULARY. 



8—10 



/j>Xj Silent ; quiet ; solitary. 

ttiih 

From jj^ shuh, father's younger brother. 
Hence ^ tuJt, to oversee ; j^l^ tsiao^, 
pepper; i^ sJtuli, limpid. 

I f^ absolute quiet ; still. 

^g J f Secret; confidential. In- 
#^g ^ timate. Close ; fine. 

From t^ pill, mnst ; and \\\ sJiUJi'^, 
hill.?. Hence ^' mi//, honey. 

I M pi'ivate room. 
I g dense clouds. 



hail 



Cold ; wintry. Poor. 



P>X To lodge at. To send. 
fcl To deliver to. 

From -^ /c't^ strange. Hence -f^ i^, 
to trust in; |^ k' i'^, to ride an animal; 
1^ ^*"i^ steep ; |^ j^, a chair. 

I ^ to stop at a place ; to lodge in. 

Peace ; rest. Used as a 

j^^ term of comparison = 

"rather;"' "it is better." 

Interchanged with ^. 

*^^ The second form is 

altered from the first, 

''"'^ which formed part of 

the personal name of 

the Emperor 2'ao Kuang. 

From j'5 shi^, heart; and j]|[ mwg\ a 
utensi]. Hence |^ ning'^, to enjoin. 

I pj" rather. 

c^ To reverence. From 3 to 
^'^ 5 a.m. 

Hence '{^ ieji^, to practise. 



From /" 'p'lng^, an icicle. Compare 
sai^, to cumpete ; ^ -b'tV/, to stop up. 

j i^ bitterly cold. 



To lodge ; to dwell. 
Metaphor. 

From ^ li"^, a monkey. Hence p^ W^, 
a corner ; \)^ eo'^, an iiriage ; f^ uan\ 
ten thousand ; ^ ?/-, stupid; j^ tZ ', to 
meet ; |^ eo^ a pair. 

I I j^ a lodging place. 

@ AYealth ; wealthy. 
/'' 
From ^ /(t\ to be fidl. Hen^,e ^ 
pi/i, to compel ; |lg //</i, a roll; jfig /a/i, 
happiness; glj /;6*, to aid. 

I J£rich. 

I /^ wealthy. 

I ;j^ well ofi' ; wealthy. 

I ^ a wealthy family. 

i^^j Oppression ; injustice. To 
iim oppress. 

From %, t\i^, a rabbit. 
I M ^ grievance ; a false charge. 
J {^ au enemy ; enmity. 

i^J Broad ; spacious ; wide. 
k nan Liberal. Forgiving. 

From ^ hsieii'^, spinach. 
I g^ broad ; wide. 
I ^ lenient ; forgiving. 
I }f:!^ well to do ; iu good circumstances. 
I ?^P to remit ; to forgi\e. 
I ^ broad ; Hberal. 



68 



10—17 



VOCABULAHV. 



-& ^ 



I /p! geuerous. 

I fp kindly ; geuiiil. 

?]^) To look into ; to scruti- 
c/i'a/i iiize. 

From I55 ^s'i"', to sacrifice^. Hence J^, 
tii\ih, to rub. 

I ^ to scrutiuize. 

_^3 J Solid. Real; true; trmly ; 
fihVi really. Sincere. 

Fi'om ^ kua>i\ to thread. DistiuguisL 
^ /ufo'^, precious. 

I ^really. 

I 'Jf the actual facts of the case. 

I ^, the real meaning. 

I ^ results ; effects ; outcome. 



Few ; little. Friendless ; 
^iii'i' alone. 

From ^^ pnng'^, to divide, (altered.) 
I ^ <i ^viduw. 
I ^- to live alone. 

^^^ To judge ; to hold an 
sken ottieiai inquiry. 

From #/a;i^, a foreigner. Hence |^ 
fan^, to iuLerjiret. 

I ^'J judgment ; to judge. 

I fli] \o enquire into a case. 

I M ^'^ deliberate on ; to consider, 

I Hf to hear and decide a case. 

I ^ to iuvesti"-ate. 



I ^-writtru. 

I \% to write a letter. 

I ^ ^ to write a literary essay. 

I f^ iJJ '^^'•^ll written. 



11:1 



</-f-> /■ Precious ; rare ; valuable. 



.\ jewel. 



fiao 



^i\s^j To wirite.; to sketch. 
■sle 

From M ^.f/i., a cloo;. 



Fiom 2 ?Z\ oems ; -^ /eo^, porcelain ; 
and ^ pri\ pearls. 

I ^ a casket. 

I -S precious stones, 

I ^Ij :i sword. 

I ^ a throne ; the throne— of the 

Emperor, 
I ^ precious ; valuables. 

HMr To esteem ; to favour. 

c^i'oin/ :Kindness ; grace. 

From fl lo)i(f, a dragon. Hence ^ 

/o)ig'-^, a iiole ; J,^| hmf, to grasp ; f| 

loiiff'\ a cage ; ^ loii(/'\ to grind ; S| 

ioiiff-, deaf. 

I ;^ to delight in ; to love. 
The 41st Radical. 

^J An inch. The tV of a 

ta'iioi Chinese foot (j^). A 

little. 

Hence f^ fu\ to hand to; ^ s/ieo^, to 

guard; ^,f ts' uen\ a village; |if f;'(?o^, 

to beg. 

cjj To seal up. To appoint to 

Jeurj territory or otiice. To 

bestow honours. N. A. 

From ^ kiici\ a gem sceptre. Hence 
^ 'paug'^, U) lielp, 

;] ~f to seal up. 

( -f^ closed up ; sealed. 
I ^ shtit up ; closed. 



59 



-^ 41 



VOCABITLATtY. 



G— 13 



yii To project ; to slioot out. 



slice 



To aim at. 



From ^ aJten^, tlie body. TTence ^ 
sie^, to tlisiuk ; || iihce\ the musk deer. 

I ^if to slioot arrows, 

<7V^ Sigu of tlie future ; aliout 
tsiaiiu to. Introduces the ob- 
ject of verl). Read 
Uiaiiff. A general. 

From ^ cJinainr, a concli ; and Ji] 
villi, flesh. Hence 3^ tsiaiiff, to reward; 
^ tsiam/, ketchup; ^f Isiaw/, to starch. 

I J(J uearing ; close to. 

j ^ iu tlie future ; in time to come. 

I 5^ close to ; near by. 

I !^ a general. 

I ^ijj a commauder ; cliief general. 

I fill fo ^? ^1® healed him. 

<-y:S^ / O^b' ' specially. To ns- 

MA ( sume responsibility. 

cm) 

cliaaii 

lien no ^ chuan^, to turn over ; f^ 
cJiuau^, to transmit ; f^ t'lt/iir, to knead ; 
$11 cliuan^, a hrick ; jgj t'uair, a lump. 
JJistiuguish "^ fii}, to announce. 

I <ij» solely ; with one mind. 
I Wi i^ perfect sincerity. 



c-^rr- Honourable. To honour; 
tsue)v to venerate. 



From ^ tsiii}, a chief. 
tsiten^, to obey, 

I ?ii to reverence. 
I M " yoi^i' honom-." 
I ^ honom-able. 



N. A. 
Hence 



;/i; worthy ; great. 

g to esteem ; to revere. 

^ to respect. 

H of high standing ; liouonr. 

^ to esteem ; to reverence. 

c~~^ To seek for ; to search, 
hsui)i Commonly ; ordinary. 
ts'in 

From 3. ^■'^ a P'g's head; and Jp 
'H^*, to embrace. 

1^;^ to seek. 

^ ordinary. 

U to make enquiries about. 

^ found. 

^^ to seek after. 

^ to look for. 

^^ ^ unable to find. 

Pj; 12. i^iiable to find. 



it 



Opposite to. To oppose. 
tui To suit ; aojreein-o;. 

Scrolls. In answer to. 
From, 

From H ieh, an inheritance, (altered). 

I P^ the opposite door ; over the way, 

I B^ an opponent ; an enemy, 

I "^ face to face ; opposite, 

[ ^ to reply, 

I ^ to confront — as witnesses, 

I f§ witness, 

I ^ j^ able to face ; not ashamed. 

I nil iu he said to him. 

^^ To lead ; to guide ; to 
tao instruct. 

From j§; tao*, doctrine. 



60 



YOCABI'LARY. 



p 44 



Thp: 42kd Radical. 


From ,v; k'ni(/, metropolis. 


'^J'* Small ; insiguifieaiit; pct- 


^ ;J2; '^ ; tl'^'t i^- Xuinely. Even ; 
e\'en if". Very wt'll. 


siao ty. Menu. 






I ^n for example ; as if. 


1 "^ an uniin])<»rtant matter. 


■ I ^ to take advantage of; to avad of. 


1 tZ^ rarct'iil ; take care. 


I ^ ^ to eome to the light. 


1 'M yoiiug cliicken. 




I ^ unprofitable learning. 
1 ^ a narrow lane. 


The 44th Radical. 




1 ^ small skiH'. 


(/^ A corpse. 


I 5i ~P }<>^^J^'gt^^t son. 


;>^ Few ; a little. Sliort of. 


Comj)are ^ Jiu\ a door. 


shao Kead shao^. Young. 




From y jyieh, a dasli. ITeiice ^ 
s7m^ sand ; i'p ch'au^, to copy ; -f/b ^7ia\ 


/ V) A foot=10 Chinese inch- 


gauze. 


c/i'i/i es (t]-) ; or 14.1 ineh- 


I ^ i^ the smallest degree. 


es English; or 0.3581 


1 ;;?; "]* indispensable. 


Vietre. 


[ ^ A a young person. 


From 'X la//, a stroke to tlie right. 


c^^^ A sharp point. 


I TJ- feet and inches ; length. 


is'ie^fc 


t/& 'i'« •'itop. A nun. 


From ;^ fa-', great. 


^l"' 


?u 


[pj Still ; yet ; and besides. 
shang To honour. Abbreviat- 




From \^ pp, a ladle. Hence ^ 7u'', 
an interrogative; \f^ )n~, mud. 


ed in combination to >^. 


From [~j k'ioufj^, a limit; and P k'eo'^, 


1 ■§§ a nun. 


a mouth. Hence fjjj t\in</, if; ^ t'ang^. 


/^ A tail ; the rear ; behind. 

uei N. A. 


a hall ; '^ cJiang"^, constantly ; ^ chaiig^, 
to superintend; '^ ahaiuf, to reward. 


I a still : yet. 




The 43rd Radical. 


From ^ viao'^, hair. 


cJXj Lame. 


I lEataih 


nang 
Distinguish ^ v-, without. 

/^^ Then ; thereupon. In eon- 


/Pj) To stoop. Position : cir- 

7 •■ ) I /-*■ 


■tf"/i cum Stances. An ofhce ; 


a shop ; an association. 


^•>'i« sequence. At once. 


From n Ic'fo^, a mouth ; and f^ clC'ih, 


To follow ; to come or 


a foot (altered). 


to go to. To complete. 


1 1^ seendy ; handsome ; correct. 



Gl 



lU 46 



VOCABULARY. 



4—11 



c/i^i To dwell ; to remain. To^ 

kil be in — of various states 

and conditions. 

From -^ k L^, aucient. Compare J^ 
IcHk, an oflicc. 

I {± to dwell. 

I ^ eldest ; chief. 

f jJJ* the miud bent on. 

I # -fi to ocriipy the chief seats. 

/lili) To crouch ; to bend down. 
/>;'"/'' A grievance. 

Prom ^J cJt'tiJi, to go out. Compare 
^Jlj chiu'li, stupid. 

I ^ to bend the body. 
I J^ to bow the knee. 

/^j A bouse ; a room. 

■uh 

From 5i t'^'^'> to arrive. Compare ^ 
sliili, a house ; ]^j'<ni<f% a house^ 

I -^ a house ; a room. 
I "fi the corner of a house. 



A corpse ; a carcass. 

From ^ st\ dead. 
I # -^ corpse. 

/JP^ To open ; to spread out ; 
diaii to unroll. 

Hence ^ chan-^, to revolve; ^ nioi^, 
to hu.sk. 

I P)3 to open oat. 

I RS ^ FhI i^ the opening of an eye, 

/]§:. Frequent ; constantly ; 

^'i' repeatedly. 

lui 



From gf leu", troultlegouie. Hence ;|g 
leo^, to embi'ace; |:^ /eo", a storey. Com- 
pare ^ leo^, to leak. 

I ^ often ; many times. 



f/ f^ A storey ; a laver ; a 
/.b'e//(/ degree; an item. 

Fiom '^ t.^'eng, already. Hence ^ 
tse}ig\ t(, give; ff- se^t^i, a liuddiiist 
priest; Yj tueiu/'^, to increase; f^ tseng'% 
to hate; f5 l.^cnt/, to steam. 



/,^j To belong to ; to be sub- 
simh jectto; connected with. 

Class ; kind. 
From ^ mnir', liair; and ^ sJui/i, 
insects. Hence ^^ rhuh, to enjoin. Com- 
pare j^ c/iuJc, a candle. 

J ^ a tributary state. 

I <^ belonging to ; of the same class. 

I i^ 05 of the earth. 

The 45th Radical. 
^K ) A sprout. 

c ^u A. camp. To cultivate. 
t'ueii To assemble. 

From — ih, one. Hence ^{^ chueii^, 
sincere; ^^trieu*, dull; |i^ .s/iHK)/,^, pure; 
1^ tHe)i^^ ;i bin ; j|| laoi"^, to bow. 

The 40th Radical. 
c m4 a mountain ; a bill. 

shaii 
Hence j[Jj sieii^, a fairy. 
;;fC landscape ; prospect. 
j^ slope of a hill ; a declivity. 
\>^ hilly country. 
{j^ a peak ; a summit. 
^ a precipace ; a ledge. 



62 



4—20 



VOCABri,ARY. 



lli 40 



I Wi '^ l<^*fty mountain peak. 

I ^ a rnuge of hills ; a mountain pass. 

I JInJ a cave. 

I 1 a cliff. 

I ^ mountain peaks, 

I ^ o-oats. 

■gjLi The i)laco Avhorc roads 

6"'i'a l>raiicli oft\ To bniucli 

oil-. 

From ^ /<''■) \ to divide. JTence ^^ 

/(y7i^, powder; ^^ fp'tK anoer ; ^ foi^. to 

comiiiand ; ^ y)^///^, to dress up; $-^ fen^, 

confused ; ^ p'oc^, a bowl. 

I ^ braucliiug' roads. 

"|JL4 > AVife's parents. A mouiit- 
ioh a ill peak, 

rrom ^ ^'tu^, Confucius. (Compare 
■E jniiy^, soldiers. 

I ^ fatber-iu-law. 
I -i^ motlier-in-law. 

J^ A bank ; a shore. 

ail 

From j~* //r/n*, a ch'ff ; and ^ /.-an^ to 
oppose. (Jompare ^ i'«?i^, cuah 



c nH Name of a mountain, 
liten 

From ■^ lueir, to arrniige. IT^nce j^ 
liipit^j niitui-al r(datioiislii|),s ; -^ /ui'ir, iiu 
eddy; ^^ laeir, a wheel; ^j^ lac)i\ to 
discuss. 



c/J/J Deatli of an emperor. To 
P«'^9 fall in ruius. 

From JIJ\ p'c.nf, friend.<^'. 
I ^ to fall in — as in a huidsliii, 
I M tlestroyed. 



\ Kic 






preci^Jicc. 



ido-e of a hill : a mound. I ''''^ influences 



From P han*, a cliff : and ^ htei^, 
a gem sceptre. Hence ^ mi", a limit ; 
^% iai ^, to delay. 

m 

c>>4^ To venerate ; to reverence. 
ch'oiHj Lofty; noble. Also 

read tsong^. 

From ^ tsong'^, ancestor. Hence g;^ 
Uo))(/, a footstep; |,'j;j t>^nng\ a dumpling; 
1;^ tsong^, a mane. Distinguish j^ .yut^, 



From p^] uan(/, a net, (altered). Hence 
^i ^'/?/^\ steei ; ^]|i] hnng^, a jarj li 
/ra»<jf^, a principle; P|lJ ^ n/^\ hard. Dis- 
tinguish [^ i£r/?!/7^, not. 

j I^ a high mound. 

1^ An island, 
iao 
From ,% niao^, a hird, (contracted). 

I ^ barbarians ; islanders. 



^- to worship. 

'pI^ a mountain range. 
ling 

From jj^ liiiy^, to receive. 



P|3/\,') A high mountain peak. 
■ioh 
From fl^ zu/i; a prison. 

cJ5^ A cliff; a precipice. 



63 



a 40 



VOCABULARY. 



ieii', iiuijestie. Heuce ^|| 



The 47th Radical. 



M 

ck II an 



> Streams. To flo\Y. 



Hence j]\ chn(?, a distnct; ^'^ hsuln*, 
to instruct; Jlj^ ahuen'^, favourable; Ijll 
hsiilu'^, ducilt'. 

<;4 



c-^: A Dest in a tree. A i gg ^,i, to 'slander. 
cIlcio liauut ; a den. 



^^ Clever ; ingenious ; skilful ; 
Ulao artful. Opportunely; 
luckily. 

From "5" Icldi?, air in motion. Hence 
;^"5 Itsiifi, decayed ; \^ u^, foul ; ^ k'ao'^, 
to examine. 

I ■=• artful words. 

I S§ f£ a" flowery speeclies. 

c^ Magical arts. A witch. 
From A r^H'j a man, (repeated). Hence 



From ^ k/j fruit. Hence flj tsiao-''' 
to destroy. 

I ^ a den ; a hauut. 

The 48th Eadical. 



I ill5 i^orcery ; magic arts. 

r /Vl To send ; to depute. 

ch'ai liead ch'a^. To differ; 

to mistake ; discrepancy ; 

unlike. 

From ^ i">'fr, ^ sheep. C^)mpare ^ 

sin^, sliame; ^ mei^, pretty ; 2£ ^'^'^'j ^^^^ 

left hand. 



c i ^ Labour. A labourer. A 
l^ou'j job. Time occupied in 
doing a piece of work. 

Hence '^X J^'any^, a river; ^kaug^, a ' I ^ ^ ""^'t far out. 
jar ; Jfj ko)i(j\ merit; jj?- k'oiKj-, lest ; ifX • I 3'l! ^" send ; to commission. 
honf, red. \ '^i ^^ sent ; the one sent. 

I H^ a head workman ; an overseer. 

I ^ wages. 

I A a labourer. 

I ^ time ; leisure ; labour. 

I [£ an artizan. 

I j5 skill ,' art. 

I jf^ labour ; workmanship. 

I ^ expenses of labour. 



/Jl The left. Second to. De- 
t>io praved. 

From — ill. one; and ) p'ieh, a stroke 
to the left. Hence ^ tdu^ to aid. 

I ^ the left hand. 



The 49th RvmcAL. 

r~^ Self ; private ; personal. 
ki 
Compare g^ p'ei^, worthy ; f£ /"-'t*. to 
transgress; fg, ki'^, to recollect ; tI;^ ^•'^^ to 
rise ; fj^ kl"^, to record. Distinguish 2» 
6-i*, 9-11 a.m.; and g, i^, already. 



1^7 Already ; finished ; to 
i come to an end. 

Compare 'gj pao\ to wrap ; g^ Z; tf^, to 
alter. Distinguish £, At'*, self. 

I |g already. 

I ^ for a long time. 



C4 



1—7 



VOCABULARY 



m 50 



tZi One of the Twelve Branch- 
^•^ es (M !^). The period 

from 9 to 11 a.m. 

Distinguish ^ kl^, self ; and Q ^^ 
ah-eady. 

I ^ y to 10 a.m. 

. 1 J A clamp. An expression 
'pa of desire. 

Hence ^ pa^ to take; )f\g jo'a^, to 
crawl ; 'g i^a*, a fence. Compare ^ se/i^ 
colour. 
I ^ to curry favour. 
I ;^ :^ would that ; may it be ! 

^^ A lane ; an alley. Also 
hsiang read hang\ 

From dfc ^on^^ all. 

The 50th Radical. 

( ' M A napkin ; a kerchief ; a 
kin towel. 

Hence 1^ sh'i*, a market. 

'IP Calico; cotton cloth. To 
pi* notify ; to publish. 

pistiuguish "ifi sh'i^, a market ; and H 
hsi^, few. 

1 14 A market ; a fair. 
sh'i 

From -i- t'eo", above. Hence ^ si*, a 
persimmon ; ^ fei\ the lungs; ^ p'ei\ 
copious; ^ ?i«o^ bustle. Distinguish ;|fj 
pu\ cloth ; and ^ Ast^ a few. 

I ^ H H riff-raif of the market place. 



J/L 



(•17 u A sail, 

fail 



From^ /L />?>/", all. Ilenoo \]i fan\ io 
float; jX /isa/y/"*, a guard house; 3^ 
Jisuiii*, quick. 

I ^ a sail. 

c^ffl Rare ; strano-c ; curious. 
hsl Few. To hope. 

Distinguish flT s/^' ', a market ; and Ylf 
2^?^^ cloth. 

[ -^ strang'e. 

I ^ uncommon ; to value. 

IPJ3 A turban ; a kerchief. 
p'u 

From 1^ ppj/, white. Hence <fS p''^*^ 
to fear ; fg p'^''^ to knock ; jg ;je/i, to 
anchor; fj^ ;je/<, a noble; j§, _/;e/i, to 
persecute. 

I -^ a kerchief ; a veil. 



. . [ ) A label ; a card ; a pla- 
f'ie/i card. 

From i5 chan*, to usurp. Hence t^ 
chaii^, to stand ; Jg iieii\ to disgrace; ^^ 
?u'e^ib to pick up ; ^ c/ia;i\ felt ; |^ 
i'ie/i, to paste up ; f^ chaii}, to moisten. 

IM A ruler ; the Emperor. 
ti 

Hence p^ t'l"^, to cry. Compare ^l 
lih, to stand. 

h'P a leader ; a commander. 
shaai 

From g ^;u'^, a heap. Distinguish 05 
sP, a teacher. 

(HI|J a teacher. The people; 
«« all. A capital city. 



65 



rf 51 



VOCABULARY. 



"~11 



From g tui^, a heap. Compare |f 
kuei^, to returu. Distiuguisli gitl shuai^, a 
leader. 

I ^ teacher ; chief. 



'IP) A feast; an entertain- 
aih meut ; a repast. Inter- 

changed Avith ^ sih, 
a mat. 

From ^ 57«t*, all (coutracted). 



W 

tai 



A girdle; a tape. To bear. 
To cany to or from ; to 
take or bring with. A 
district. To involve. 

P^ to shut the door on leaving. 

%, to involve. 

^ to carry ; carrying. 

^ to lead astray ;- to involve in ruin. 

f^ to lead. 

< rft Constantly ; frequently ; 
ciCang regular. Common. 

From fp^ shang\ yet. Hence ^ change, 
to supervise ; ^ cliang", to taste ; ^ 
s/m;/p% to reward ; ^ ^a>/^\ ought; -Jf^^ 
Vaiiff, to flow ; fj^ t'aiig'^, supposiug. 

I ff; to do constantly, 

f Uf always ; continually. 

\ ^ uniformly ; constantly. 

\ % regular order; usual proeedm-e. 

I Wi> XM always patient. 



. . A curtain; a screen A 
cl^o.,>g tent. Used with M 
chancf, an account. 
From ^ ch;a,g\ ]o„<>:. Hence *i 
i"S ; 'm change, to open out. 



j ^ a tent ; curtains. 

j ||^ curtains ; bed curtains, 

I % a tent. 



> To help. To defend. N. A. 



From ^ feiig^, to seal up, 

I If} to assist. 

I J^ to lend a hand ; to aid. 

||jjg ^ curtain ; a screen. 
man 
From # OT(77i,*, extended. Hence 



marr, rude ; 
ma/r, bread. 



man^, to overflow 



5 gS 



I ^ a curtain. 

I'] 

ij^j 'r A curtain. A secretary. 



m\ 



From ^ mo/i, a negative. Hence HE 

7?io//, a filmy skin ; ^ mo*, a grave ; ^ 

mo"*, to long for; ^ vio*, evening; j^ 
mo^t a model ; ^ ^j^o"*, to enlist. 

The 51st Kadical. 

C\ To oppose. A shield. To 
han attend to. Eesults. 

Hence |f kni^, a pole; ^f kmi^, the 
liver ; ^ han^, rare. Compare •^ tu'leii^j 
a thousaud. 

I ^ concern ; consequences. 

I 3E to transgress ; to offend. 

I -^ weapons of war ; troops. 

r\ Level ; even ; just ; equal, 
p'i'i^ Peaceful. Usual 



6Q 



-10 



VOCABULARY, 



7^ 53 



Fnim /\ ]>(ih, (M'iilif. lltMic.o "^0 p'i-»g'^, 


]Tenco ll^ vKi^. an interrogative. Com- 


to discuss; ffi clt\')i(/, to weigh. 


pare /^ s^^'selHsll; ^. .s?\ silk. 


I ^ of equal rank. 
1 ^ peace. 


*^J Young ; immature ; weak. 


1 ^ usually ; in >tlie ordinary course 


ia 


of tliino-s. 


From ^ lih, strengtli. 


I "^ ordinarily. 


I ^ rliildrcji. 


I W peaceful and quiet ; calui. 


>tu 


I H level with the Avest— sunset. 


c;^ Almost: nearly. Read 


• I ^ a level plain. 


^'^i' Xvl How many ? how 


I ^ quiet and peaceful. 


■much ? A few ; some ; 


1 daily ; usually. 


several. 


I lie level and straight. 


From }^ .<j/u(.\ to guard. Hence ^ kl^, 


1 -^ 4ffi ^ perfect tranquility ; freedom 


^ j*^^'}' ; ^ ^'^3 a motive. 


from anxiety ; in .peace. 


[ f[g how many ? how much ? a few. 


c~*7 A year. Age. 


'1 3^ when ? at the time. 


I ^ nearly. 


ii'wii, 


I M 3S ^^'^^'^t ^=^^ch of the night ? 


I la age. 




I ii old : aged. 
I a years. 


(14^ Dark ; gloomy ; secret. 


I i,j] youthful ; juvenile. 


From ll5 slian'^, a hill. 


I BE a limit of vears. 




1 r>> 

j ^ division of years ; time. 


J 0§ dark ; gloomy. 


I ^ H # seasons : periods. 


The 53rd Radical. 


^^^ To rejoice. Fortunate ; 


/ A covering ; a roof. 


hsing prosperous. 


ien 


Hence (^ hsin-g\ lucky. Distinguish ^ 


Compare J^ Jum\ a cliff ; f nih, a 


s'duj^, toilsome. 


disease. 


^^ Business. To attend to 


/J^U To protect :; to shelter. 


kan l.)usiness ; to manage. 


pi 


Capable. 


From J;t; 2^l^ to compare. 


From ^^ hi)i'^, dawn. Hersco -^ humf', 




to balhe; ^ /laii^, a pencil; $^ kaii^, dry. 


)y Precedence. Order. A 


Thp: .")2xd Radical. 


i^n, school. 


f,.^ Immature; young. 


From ^ fl', we. Honce §f slni^, to 


open out; if^> clin'^, a shuttle; ff s-Zjk', to 


iao 


strain out ; ^ h'^ savage. 



r 53 



VOCABULARY, 



-12 



Tlie bottom ; iiDflerneatli ; 
ti low. A foundation ; a 

rongli draft. Constitu- 
tion. 

From J^ ti^, foLHid.'ition. PTence j^ 
ti^, to oppusej -J^ ii,^, to hang dowu ; |^ 
cli'i'-'', papei-. 

I "Y below ; lower down. 
I ^ a rongk copy ; a base. 
I jf^ the end ; the conclusion. 

)\^ A prefecture ; tbe officer 
f(i governing it. A trea- 

sury ; a palace. 

From {j fu\ to liand to. Hence p§ 
/a*, near to ; ^ fic"^, to tally. Compare 
^- fiC"-, to prostrate. 

I M <^'<'l'itt^l '^f i-^ prefecture. 



tit II 



An inn ; a shop. 



From ^ cJian'^, to usurp. Hence {^ 
cJiaM*, to usurp; ^'^ nieii^, to pick up; f^ 
chati^, to stand ; ^ ti.en''', to disgrace; ijj^ 
fieh, a document; tij^ t'ie/i, to paste up. 

[ ;^ lau<llurd : proprietor. 



L^ A rule ; law. A limit. 

^'^ To pass, as time. A 

geographical or astrono- 
mical degree. Read toh. 
To estimate. 

From 5t '""5 further. Hence ^ tu'^, 
to ford; 1)1 ta^, to gild. Compare ^ 
Fien-, devout; ^ s/iit*, nearly. 

I M ^0 consider ; cousideration. 

J to make a liviug ; to jJass tbe day. 

c/^ Age. Seventb of tbe Ten 
^■■■"9 Stems (^ ^;. 



%' 



A seat ; a tbrone. N. A. 

From ^ tso\ to sit. 
I -fji a throne ; a seat. 

/-$» A treasury ; a storebouse ; 
Ua a granary. 

From ;^ c7/V, a cart. Hence |^ k' a^, 

trousers. 

I g a treasury. 



(f^^ Ease ; vigour. Healtb. 
k'ang 

From ;^ iai*, to reach to. Hence -] 
Jcang^, firm ; |^ k'aiiy^, chaff. 



c/^ji A verancbxb ; a porch. 
laug 

From ^j) lang'^, a youth. Compare ^ 
lauff", a wolf. 

I ^ a porch. 

cJ^K- Pure ; modest. 
licit 

From ^ ^/e;2\ both. Hence ^ Zte7i^ 
a door-screeu ; ^ Z/e;>r, a sickle. 

I fg sparing ; frugal. 
I "j^ modest ; bashful. 



M To 



1^ x^ do away witb ; to 
fei abrogate ; to waste. 

Useless. 

From ^f(ih, to emit. 
I ^ to use recklessly. 
I 1^ abrogated ; discarded. 
I "J* to waste. 
I ^ ruiued ; to render useless. 



68 



1.2 — IG 



YOCAlULAin'. 



^ 5: 



/^\ Extensive ; ^vide ; broad. 
knaiig 
From ^ hnavg-, j'ellow. Hence B^ 
Tcuang^, a wilderness ; ifS? /nieng"^, crosswise 

I ^ to do good ou a large scale. 
I :^vast. 

J^/l A temple ; a slirine. 
')niao 
From ]|J| cJiao-, towards. Hence j|5 
ch'ad^, tide ; P|§ ch'ao", to jest. 

I ^ temples. 



A tliatclicd hut; a booth. 



From ]J //'/■*, anxious. Compare -0 li'c^, 
to filter ; i^| Z//-, a donkey ; J^ /(^^^ ^ stove. 



The 54th Kadical. 

;^i_* To move on. 
ill 

Compare j__ clioli, walking-. 



To dehiy ; to neglect. To 
inn lengthen out. To invite. 

From jE cheng'^, upright. Hence || 
ien^, a feast; tM ta)t^, a birthday, dis- 
tinguish ^ t'ing", the Court. 

To establish ; to erect ; 
kieii to found. 

From -^ iuh, a pencil. Hence ^ 
Jclea'^, robust. 

I 5: to establish. 

I is j|E ^ to build ; to erect. 

The 55th Radical. 



if 

hong 



Hands joined. 



Hence ^ kiai\ to warn ; ^, lo»g\ to 
make; to prepare. • 



yi To do ; to make ; to act. 

long 
From 3i "^7 a gem. 

The 56th Radical. 

Vi) A dart. 
ih 
Hence ^ {i]ii\ a pattern. Distinguish 
:Ji^ /;;o\ a spear. 



^V A form ; fashion ; rule 
sh'i pattern. 

From J[ kong^, labour. Hence ^ .s7/'?'. 
to test; ^^ .s-///\ to wipe; ^ ^//i', to 
murder a superior. 



m 



aln 



To murder a superior. 



From ^ sJnth, to kill (contracted). 
I ^ to iiinrder a father. 

The 5Tth Radical. 

c ^^ A bow. A land mea- 
l^oug sure of five feet. 

Hence ^ kong^, the body. Compare 
^ k'ao^, to examine. 



^1 



To lead ; to miide. To 
entice. To quote ; to 
introduce. 



From I knen^, a strcke. 
I ^ to lead ; to instruct. 
I |§ to eutice. 
I lE^ to shew the way ; to guide. 



fnh 



A ne2:ative : not. 



Hence ff, fei\ bubbling ; ^f, fuh, to 
dust; ^ full, like; f^ fuh, Buddha ; ^ 
/'et'*, to spend. 



G9 



50 



VOCABULARY. 



A younger brotlier ; a 
ti junior. Read t'i'^. To 

act as a younger brother. 

Compave 1% tiao^, to mourn; ^ ti^, 
a sei-ies; ^ tufi, a sister. 

I -^ a clisciiile ; a junior, 
I 3i brothers. 



AVeak ; viekling". 



•ok 



From f^ Rari^, phimne^e (cnntrncted). 
Hence ^^ luli, to grasp ; ^ nih, to drown. 

^ "^ Strong ; violent. Better. 
.^^ - Read k'ianrf. To force , 
^5S ^*^ compel 

From /.^ S7'\ selfish; and jj^ cJiOirg^-, 
an insect. 

I is to compel ; to force. 

I '^ a robber. 

I Jli hale ; strong. 

I iin better than. 

I ^ henrt}'. 

I -g? to detain by force. 

I ji to wrench. 

1 % fierce ; violent. 

I ^H overbearing. 

I M ^^ overcome by violence. 

I M. t^ take by force. 

I M J|l to stiifen the neck. 



(7^ To open. To boast 
chang publish. N. A. 



to 



From -^ di'ang'^, loiijr. Hence ^^ 
c7;.a»|7*, a screen; 'jg chanc/'^. disappoint- 
ed ; jj-g cha)ig\ a swelling ; |1J| cliauff, au 
account. 

J ^£ insolent ; arrogant. 






Enough ; adequate. 



ho 



Distinguisli ^ /.•/(/(, grain. 
j y^ enough for use. 
( ~jp sufficient. 

c7-fi To play on stringed instru- 
t\vi ip.ents. To press down. 

Read tcui^. A shot. 

From '^ tnn'^, only. Hence fj^ tnv^, 
to dread ; jfjl^ sliari'^, abstraction ; ^ 
chmi^, to fight. 

I M to pi'css down ; to repress, 
i I ^ to play the harp. 



m 



To fill. To stop ; to close 
mi up. 

From ^ r'i^, you. Compare jg r;3, near 

I ^ to repair ; to make good. 

(^^ Winding. To curve; to 
^'a't bend. Used with \^ 

uaii^, a ])ay. 

From llf, /nan^, to bind together. 
Hence ^- ])ien*, to change ; ^ viarr, a 
tribe; f|;fi //ey/'*, to lust after. 

J #^ iSl fft curved ; winding. 
The 58th Radical. 

. 5^ A pig's head. 
/,■/ 
Compare 2 ^'"'j reciprocal. 

The 59th Radical. 

c r^ Feathers. 
sail 
Hence ^^ .s/VS must ; ;^^ ^/(a/i', a shirt. 
Compare ^pnio^, hair. 



4—1: 



VOCAIULARY. 



60 



iJiy Fio-iire, form ; appcarcance. 
hdi)ig To take .shape. 

From 5f k'icn'^, even. Cuinparo ^ij 
Jisiiig^, to [juiiiijli. 

I ff^ likeuess. 

I tI^ ap})eaniucc ; form. 

I If substance ; the body. 

I H likeness ; form. 

TIJ/ OrDameDted; brilliant; gay. 
U\d Lucky ; a prize. 

From ^ tsai^, vanVgated. Hence ^ 
isVri^ to select; 1^ ia'^/i^, vuriegated ; ^ 
tsal^, veoretubles. 



to do : ^ k'^cif^, a do''. 



(;<nnp 



Mj/ AVitliered ; exhausted. 

From Jgj r//eo\ complete. Hence ^ 
ch'eo', silk; U^ ^/«o'S to change ; |p^ c/(eo\ 
to give alms ; ^ tlao^, to curve; jIM rAec/^, 
to revolve. 

I I^J withered ; faded. 

c^:/ To manifest; to display. 
cluing Oruameiital ; beautiful. 

From ^ c/uoic/'^, a statement. Hence ;ji^ 
cliaiiij^, a caniplior tree; J^ chaiif/'^, jade 
stone ; ^ chaiu/, a deer ; \^$. chaiu/, a 
screen. Distinguish from the next char- 
acter. 

I |g manifested; evident; to shew forth. 

^y A shadow ; an image. 
king 

From ;^ hi'icf', a prospect. 
[ §^ a shadow ; a trace ; a chie. 
I %^ a likeness ; resemblance. 

The 60th Radical. 

-^ ) A step ; a man taking a 
dCih short step. 



'\/] Like ; resembling. 

From ')S favg^, square. Hence f^ 
/a?/^'\ to imitate; ^ f(ing\ a store; |/j 
/«;v<f , to enquire ; j^ faii</, to loose ; ^ 
fai'g'\ a room ; ^jj fang\ to guard against. 

I ^ like ; similar to. 

4X3 A jailor; a policeman. 
iiih Also read i^. 

Frcjra ^ s/im\ to kill. (_V)mpare "^ 
iuh, an epidemic. 



That ; the other ; those ; 
in there. 

From ^ p'/^ skin. Hence ^ ;?6i*, 
coverlet; |/^' //y'^, to gitd on; -^ po\ a 
wave ; ^J^ ^v'o"*, broken ; i^ jio^, a slope. 

I jlb "fS ^ ^'^ ^'^'^''^ *^^^ another. 



\JY) Like ; simihir to. 
full 
From ^ y'uA, not. Compare ^ fei\ 
to waste. 

lie To go towards ; to depart. 
uang Formerly ; past. 

From -^ chii-\ a lord. Hence ^ chu^, 
to dwell ; ;j|£ uang^, vainly ; H£ luuig^, to 
prosper ; ^ uang^, to gaze. 

I in byegone days. 

[ '^ constantly ; usually ; heretofore. 

I Jl M ^0 go upwards — as smoke. 

I la :^ to go forward. 

\ MM -^ where are you going ? 

c^flc To levy taxes. To go to 
chtng war. 



60 



V0CABT:LAEY. 



5—8 



From JE cJieiif/*, correct. Hence gf 
c/ieiig*, evidence; JiE cheng^, a disease; ^ 
cheiuj^, to rule; $E ien', to iuvite. 

4^ To treat ; to behave. To 

tal wait for: to await. 

From ^ fii^, a mosque. Hence f^ 

.9/(7^, to atlend ; J]^ sku^, time ; ^ cli'i^, to 

support; If sltV', poem ; ^ fe;/(/^ to wait. 

I ^ to treat well. 

I ^ to undertake for. 

I A ^D 2. t*^' treat otliei-s as yourself. 



5 A law ; a statute ; a rule. 



Uih 



From '^ iuh, a pencil. Compnre ^ tsin'^, 
a ford ; ^' ahu^, a book; ^ pih, a pencil. 

I m law. 

I i^ regulations. 

I ^J statutes and laws ; used for tlie 
Chinese Penal Code. 

"l^ Afterwards ; behind. De- 
heo seeudants. 

From ^ iac?-, immature ; and -^^ sui^, 
moving. Compare ^ heo^, to wait. 

I ^ afterwards. 

I '1$ to repent ; to regret. 

I "jg behind ; after part. 

I fij after generations. 

I ^ successors ; posterity. 

I IpJ heirs. 

I ,^, after consequences ; latter end. 

I ^ descendants. 

TJ^C ^i\^"iT' Sign of superla- 
hen tive ; very ; etc. Used 

with ^ hen^, much. 

From ^ J:e)i^, perverse. Hence ^^ ken^^ 
a root ; 5^ hen^, to follow ; |5g hfiie)f^, a 
limit ; 0^ ieu'^, the eye ; ^ i'>'g^, silver ; 
5(^ Jieir, a scar. 



c^pj To acquiesce in ; to follow. 
^tuti Interchanged with ^ 

From 'Efj Jimin-, a period of ten days. 
Hence fp] lisui/i-, to inquire; |.h] hsuen^, 
variegated ; ^|5 .^?Z/';<% a small feudal state ; 
1^ //.wZ//<2, greedy for ; ^ sucn^, bamboo 

Spl'OUtS. 

f 'j;f to shew favouritism ; to connive at. 



m 



A follower ; a disciple. 
t' II' In vain. To transport. 

From ^ tseo^, to walk. 
\ f^ an api)rentice. 
I ^ hi vain. 
I ^ to laboiu' in vain. 

'ItT) To obtain ; to acquire ; to 
teh gain. Can ; may ; able 

To effect. 



From ^ at 
an obstacle. 



to. 

^ to stop. 



Hence ^f ai*. 



I IP to offend. 

I ^ to obtain salvation. 

I t^ very ; exceedingly. 

I f^ at convenience. 

I "M t*^ 8'^^ one's desire. 

j f)^ to find leisure for. 

I H^ at a convenient time ; in favour. 

I yf, ^ unable to obtain. 

I Wi ^ M justification ; to be justified. 

I ^ % ^ M^^ obtain both principal 
and interest. 

To follow ; to comply 
with. To obey. From ; 
by ; since, Ptead tsong'^. 
A second ; an adherent. 
il^tsoyig^j aUbougli; f^ tsong^, 
a trace. Distinguish ^ Vir, a disciple; 
and ^ si^ to change residence. 



.1^ 

tsottg 



Hence 



8—12 



VOCABULARY 



*ir^ 61 



I 'B^ formerly. 

I >]\ from cliildliood. 

I jjfj from this ; lieuccforth. 

[ ^ from the start ; afresh. 

I ^ from the begiuiiiug ; heretofore. 

\ "^ IcX ^ from henceforth. 

I Jl 5'j T ^'^■o^^ ^<^P *^ hottom. 

I -^ ^ ^^ from of okl. 

I •¥• M BJa fi'oi'-i <-'^^i"b' till late. 

^iJP To mauoge. Imperial; 

il conDected. "with the 

Emperor. To wait ou. 

Fi'om ^U sie\ to get rid of. Heuce 
^ iL\ to resist. 

I ^ the imperial guard. 

•^X) To return ; to repeat ; 
fuh again ; repcatedlyo 

From ^ full, to retrace. Hence |^ 
full, the stomach; |^ /«/i, reiterated; 
^fuh, to report. 

I fg to come to life again. 

I ^ restored to life. 

j ^ revival ; to have a return of pros- 
perity. 

I ^f anew ; afresh. 

I %i reconciled ; on good terms once 
more. 



fj , Eveiywherc ; the whole. 
' ( Once. 



From ^ pien,^ flat. Hence ^ pieii^ 
to twist ; II p'ien*, to cheat ; f^ p'ie?i^, 
deflected ; ^ p'ien^, a section ; ^ ^;ie?i-\ 
a tablet. 

I j;^ all the land ; everywhere. 
I ^ in all places. 



^n 



To follow. In order. 



From /y tacn,'^ a shield. Houco j| 
ii<(?M,'* to hide. 



>y?i 



Small ; minute ; trifling. 



From ll] shrni^, a mountain ; % '^^'^'j 
decided; and ^ 'puJi, to tap. Comparo 
\^ chem/, to tux. 

I >]» minute. 

I ii a very little. 

I 7^ unimportant ; trifling. 



Ml, To levy. 

cheng proof. 



Evidem-! 



e ; 



From llj slicin^, hill ; ^ chu^, a lord ; 
and ^ pah, to strike. Hence f^ clicwf 
to correct. 

I IIJC to gather ; to collect, as taxes. 

'f^) Virtue ; goodness ; con- 
teh duct. 

I ^' upright conduct ; character. 
j f ^ virtue and ability. 

jfXi To penetrate ; intelligible. 
clitih Used with % ch'eh, to 

remove. 

From ^ ink, to brins; forth ; and ^ 
jyuh, to strike. Hence ff ch'eh, a rut ; '^i; 
clieh, clear. Compare ^ sa/i, to sow. 
I IS to get to the bottom of. 
The 61st Radical. 



jt^ 



Hence ^- ch'i\ shame. 



The heart ; the mind ; 
the affections. Tho 
centre. 



73 



iZ^ 61 



VOCABULARY. 



1—4 



I ^ ideas ; aims. 

I J& ground or motive ; the moral 
nature. 

J j* determination ; will. 

I ,g, thoughts. 

I M crevices of the mind. 

\ 7f lE^ depraved mind. 

I S ^ & clear minded ; intelligent. 

[ mMfA lianghty ; arrogant. 

I ^D 7J f L pierced to the heart ; con- 
victed. 

\ M^ ^ um-estful in mind ; dis- 
quieted. 

\ ^M ^ thoughts of the heart. 

I BI ^ Si Ireart, belly, kidneys, bowels, 
the — " inner man." 

iX^) An emphatic particle. 
pih Certainly ; must ; Avill. 

From J p'ieh, a dash. Hence |^ seh, 
a lute. 

^ certainly ; must. 

^ bound to; certainly ; it is necessary. 

g must without fail 

^ ^ he will certainly come. 

^ ^ 1^ certain death without respite. 



<*tU^ To forget ; to be iinmind- 
iiang ful of; to neglect. 

From C uang'^, to destroy. Hence ^ 
uany^, abandoned ; ft mang-, busy. 
I IS to forget. 

I ;$; to forget the source of good. 
J 'J forgotten. 



ren 



From 



re?i , to recoguise. 
I M to bear with 
I ^ to endure. 



To endure ; to bear ; to 
repress. 
]JJ ren\ an edge. Hence |^ 



to put up with. 



I iC> unfeeling ; hard-hearted. 
I ^ to bear hunger. 

d\ij% Determination ; will; pur^ 
cJi'i pose. 

From -^ s'i^, a scholar. Heuce |;g 
chl'^, to remember. 

[ M, "^ill ; inclination ; ambition. 
I i^ purpose. 

J\li> Superstitious fear. Siiper- 
/'•i stition. To avoid. To 

be envious ; to hate. 

From 2 ^''^ self.. Hence |g ki^, to 
recollect; ,f£ ki^, to record; |B /i'i^ to 
rise ; ^ kai'-^, to alter. 
I ^ to be jealous of. 

i I L» Hurried ; in haste ; an- 
viang xious ; busy. 

From jj vang\ lost. Hence ,3 uang*, 
to forget; ^ uang^, reckless. 

I ^ flurried ; anxious. 

[ T§ ^ what are you in a hurry about ? 



Wuai 



Quickly ; fast ; hasty . 
soon. Sharp. Cheerful' 

From ^ hnai^, parted. Compare ^ 
k^iieh, deficient. 

I @ a little quicker. 

I PJ T nearly there. 

I f^ 11 iriake haste and do it ! 

ilJU> To think of ; to remember ; 
nieii to recall. To read ; to 
chant. Twenty. 

From ^ hhi^, now. Hence ,|| ie;i*, to 
fulfil. 

I i^ to chant prayers. 
I B^ thouglits ; desires. 



VOCABULARY, 



iir> Gl 



I is to recite ; to intone. 
I ^ 3^ to re;ul tlie Bible. 
I !ji^ '(a ^ t^ "tt^'i' charms iu order to 
exorcise demons. 
»^ 

>LLi>) SiuldcDly; aiuexpeetedly. 
/tit/t To disregard ; to de- 

spise, luditlerent. 
From ^ nil, not. Compare ^^ is'ong^, 
flurried ; ^ uk, things ; ^J liin^, equal. 

[ ^^ suddenly. 

I ;§, careless ; forgetful of. 

(^IL^ Loyal ; faitlifttl ; devoted. 
cUung 

From tp chough, the middle. Compare 
,^, hiia)t^, to sufl'ei". 

I >!<» f ilthful. 

I Jp honest. 

I S '^ loyal statesman. 

I fl honest ; faithful. 

I ^loyaL 

I 1^ faithful and sincere. 

iVU"* Anger; indignation. 

M 

From ^ /eH\ to divide. Hence ^ 
•p^en", a bowl ; ^ c/i'a^, divergent paths ; 
1^ /e?i^ ])owder ; ^^ /^''■S confused ; pjj' 
/6U^, to command ; ^ pan^, to dress up. 

ili^\ How ? why ? vrhat ? 

From ^ c/za*, sudden. Hence f^ cha*, 
to deceive ; f^ tsoli, to make ; B^ tsoh, 
yesterday. 

f^ how ? in what way ? how about . . . .? 
fg how possible ? i.e., it is impossible- 
Wi 15b '"'hat do you say ? what is 
meant by .... ? 

W: fift i^ ^10^ is it ^^'^^^'^ ^ 
^ m how to proceed ? what is to be 
done ? 



I li fil ?^ ^'li'^t method shall be pursu- 
ed ? what plan do you 
propose ? 

ilii\ Anger ; passion ; rage. 
nil, 
From ^ «u-, a slave. Compare ^ 
.<?/<»*, to forgive ; ^ ?ia-, to take; ^5 '"'■^ 
to strive. 

I ^ wrath. 

I @ angry looks ■; to look angrily. 

I ^ S fi5 ftiil of anger ; highly wroth. 



i'l^ 



To fear ; to apprehend ; 
l^) a to dread. Lest ; perhaps. 

From 1^ peh, white. Hence IjiQ /vVi"*, 
a handkerchief; f^ peli^ an uncle; ^ 
peh, to annoy ; fj^ peh, to anchor. 

I ^ to fear shame. 

I ^ to be afraid of death ; to be scared. 

ch\h^ To think ; to contemplate ; 
ii'i to consider. 

From Q t'ien'^, a field. Compare }§i 
en^, grace; ,%, sih, to rest. 
j ^, to meditate. 
I ;f: to think. 
I it anxiety, 

I ^ to consider ; to take into consider- 
ation. 
I ^ to long for. 

I y^ ;> f^ in a moment; while meditat- 
ing. 
^> 

/&) Anxious ; hurried ; ur- 
/://< gent; hasty. Keenly 

desirous of. 
From 3L ^<\ a pig's head; and ^ 
pao^, to wrap. 
] >\^ hiu-ried ; hasty. 
I ^ worried to death. 
j ij} keen : urgent. 



i^^ ci 



VOCABULARY. 



4-G 



|5t Nature; disposition; spi- 
siiig rit; temper. A proper- 

ty ; a quality. 

From ^ seng'^, to produce. Hence 
%i .si'?;^''*, a surname; 1^ seng^, an animal; 
j^ siiig^, a star. 

I jjil^ spirit. 
I '^life. 

I ^ temperament ; disposition. 
I »^ natural temperament ; mind ; habit 
of mind. 

I -ft Strange; Avon d erf ul. De- 
hitai praved. To blame. 

A'ery. 

From ^ /u^ also; and 4^ i'n", earth, 
f ^ a monster ; an apparition. 
I ;;^ ^ no wonder ! 

5^' To find fault; to mur- 
iien mur against ; to repine. 

Hate. 

From $gj iicn^, to turn over in bed. 

I % to hate. 

I ■= murmuring ; repining. 
I '^ murmuring ; expression of dis- 
content. 



t*> 



To be afraid ; cowardly ; 
kHeh nervous. 

From ^ k'ii^, to remove. Hence f^ 
fall, law ; ^ Ideh, to plunder. 



^©^ Idle ; remiss. Disrespect- 
tai ful. 

From -^ faP, exalted. Hence ^ 
fai^, moss; ^ ch'i^, to flog; f^ ch'i\ 
to heal; j)^ i'ai'^, the womb; -^^ sJu^, 
the beginning ; »j'-^ i^, concord, 
1 'I'^ negligent ; remiss. 



i|2u^ I Lest. Fearful; appreben- 
^gCFT [ sive. 

liong 

From j}{, liong'^, to embrnce. Distin- 
guish ^, ."j/uf^ to forgive ; ^, »e?i\ to 
grumble; ^ ?2u*, auger. 

I tfi perhaps. 

[ p^ to terrify. 

[ 'I^ fear ; suspicion. 

c 13 Constant ; regular ; con- 
heng tinually. 

From ]g sneii^, to revolve. Compare 
^ siien'^, to pubbsh. 

[ )[|p a constant mind. 

1^ To hate ; to dislike. An 
hoi expression of strong 

desire. 

From ^ /.■c«^ perverse. Hence ^]| 
hoi^, very ; |^ A'eJib a root ; fl^ ic;^^, eyes. 

I ^ to loathe ; to abhor. 
I ^ animosity ; to feel resentment. 
I ^ # " ^ould that ....!" "oh 
that .... ! " etc. 



:*lla'& Grace; favour; 



kindness. 



From in^, because. Hence j® ien'^ 
tobacco : ^ in^, betrothal. Compare ,g 
s'i^, to think. 

^ grace ; favour. 

^, grace ; kindness. 

^ a benefactor. 

p,^ gifts ; the bestowment of grace. 

^ anointing ; unction. 

^ favour ; ffrace. 



G— 7 



VOCABULARY. 



tZ> 01 



/©^) To rest ; to dcsisfc. Profit ; 
•Si A gaius; interest on money. 

From Ig ts'i*, self. Compare j^% sih, 
to put out a fire ; jij^, sih, duughtor-iu-law. 



j|I| J liiickily ; opportunely. In- 



Jc'ia/i 



geuions. 



From -^ hnh, united. Hencn ^^ .'ih'ih, 
to pick up; ^ hih, to give; \^ hsiah, to 
Llend; ^ hoh, small box ; ^ iia^, to bring. 

I i^ to meet vritli opportunely ; in the 

nick of time. 
I "Pj fortunately. 
I ^ 6^ luckily ; at the right moment. 



•Ml, 

silk 



To feel for ; sympathy. 



From jSl Iisiieh, blood. Hence |l}) siih, 
compassion. 



4^ 

t ten 



Quiet ; peaceful. 



From ^ shell, the tongue. Hence f^l] 
Jciinh, to scrape; '/g- hok, alive; f^ t'ten'-^, 
to lick : ^U t'ieir, sweet; fg hua'^, langu- 
age ; ^ Icudh, to envelop. 



Ashamed ; shame ; to feel 




ashamed. 



From '^ r'P, the car. 
I ^ to laugh at ; to ridicule. 



m 



/^^ To reverence; to respect. 
Iwng Eeverent. 

From dt lxO)}o\ all. Hence |K l-onf/\ a 
respectful bow; fit kong\ an offering; 'j:it 
7)o??f7\ to roast; liJt hong^, to deceive; §fc 
hong"^, vast. 



I ^li ^''^ respect ; to venerate. 
I ^ to congratulate. 

^IL'* To forgive ; to excuse ; to 
alia shew mercy. 



From T^n r7r, like. Honce ^^ rn" 
receive; ^ s/'/.\ verbose; ^ Jia'^, lo ca 
Distinguish ^ ?ia'*, wrath. 



to 



,) Pleased ; glad ; linppy ; 

ileh contented. To acf[uiesce. 

From ^ tni^, to exchange. Honce |^ 

fthoh, to speak ; jgj; shul\ taxes ; Jj^ i'o//, 

to cast o£P. 

[ jftf^ to accept ; to delight in. 
I jjg to acquiesce in ; to assent. 



Sf>^ 



To repent ; to reject ; to 
turn from. 



From ^ mei^, each. Hence \% In 



to teach ; '/^ hai'-', the sea; ^ ^a/i, 
poison. 

I C_5; to repent ; to reform. 
I ^ il ^'^'o 1''^^ i"^ repenting. 
I fp 5t M to repent and reform. 
I GjC S ^f to repeat and make a nevr 
start. 

/eS Calamity : evil. To suffer. 
hnan To contract, as a disease. 

From ^! ch'uan^, to string. Hence f§, 
chnnn^, to earn ; /^, cJionfj^, loyal. 

[ '^(Ci to fall sick. 
I M trouble. 



j-J* Perverse ; contrary. To 
pe2 rehel. 

From ^ ^^o/i, disobedient. Hence gf 
»o/i, a cake; ^ 2'^oh, the neck. 

I -^ rel)ellious ; refractory. 



iZ> 61 



VOCABULARY. 



r— 8 



j|i| lo awake; to discern. 



From ^ u". I. Hence ^^ u", a tree; 
Pg u'\ clear ; g^ /i'', words. 

I '};^ intelligeuce; power of api^reliensiou. 
I '^ to understand ; to become aware of. 

ciHi^ Grieved; sorry; sad. To 
pei lament. 

From ^^ /ei^, wrong. Compare |p 
isiri"', sii). 

I 'IIS sad ; mournfid. 

I iU gi-ieved. 

I ^ ^0 be niourufid. 

I 'If to be sad. 

c I pj The affections ; desires. 

td'ii'g Circumstances ; fticts of 

a case. 

From ^ f.s'i"?i^\ nznre. Hence fl^ 

tfi'iiig^, fine weather ; g|| tsi«^\ eyes ; >^ 

ts'ing^, pure; |f tsing'^, to invite. 

[ ^ affections ; bists. 

I yp circumstances ; details of a case. 

I ^ willing ; desirous. 

I "jSi favour ; out of respect to. 

I ^ reasons ; circumstances. 

I ^ feelings ; affection ; favour. 

I ^ appearance of things ; aspects of a 

matter. 
I jgi reason ; whole aspect of a case. 
I ;^ g *^ unable to restrain the emo- 
tions ; no power of self- 
control. 

IP) To regard ; to love. To 

sill be sparing of. 

From ^ sih, formerly. Hence f* ^s'o*, 
to rub; fj; san^ to scatter; ^g^ mh, to 
sow. 



huk 

From ^ 
hsieir, al. 

m 



To mislead ; to delude ; 
to doubt ; suspicious. 

hueh, perhaps. Distinguish 
: M kau'K to affect. 



Only ; and ; with ; is. An 

tiei initial particle. Used 

to connect subject and 

predicate. 

From f^ chui'^, a blid. Hence j^ t^ui}, 



to 

th 

wl 


pusli 
)Ugb ; 

10. 


, ifg hu\ a 
ff^ ueP, a 


heap; g| 
curtain ; 


.sui\ al- 

lit 6-/m'r^ 


\ 


^ only ; but. 






I 


iSb' 


^t ; fearing. 

*5 








;^^ Favour 
Jiuei fer 


benefit, 
dndness. 


To con- 
Kind ; 






gracious. 




H 


From 

suce fl 


1 tiici*, au eai 


only (contracted), 
of corn. 



3Ti 



Evil 



wicked 



wronfx. 



o/j Eead ?t^ To dislike ; 

to hate ; hateful. 

From TU ia*, inferior. 

I ^ evil thoughts. 

1 M- 6vil minded ; bad intention. 

I ^ measure of wickedness. 

I ^. viciousuess. 

I ^ ill fame. 

I ^^ au evil appearance. 

I :g^ evil desires. 

[ "g bad language. 

I '^ ^ ^S evil has au evil recompense. 



^ 



|ii!«^ Mournful ; sorrowful. 

From p^ oneir, a door. Hence 
??ie?r, to feel ; ff^ ?ne/<', sign of plural. 



VOCABULAUy. 



01 



AS> 'J-'o think ; to consider. To 
siang hope ; to phm. To 

r.all to mind. 
From ;fg siang^, mutuul. Ileuce ^q 
siaiig^, a box. 

I ^ to loii;;- for ; to let tlie niiud dwell on. 

I ^ to hope ; to expect. 

I t^ ^ to thiuk of. 

I ^ PJ nucxpeeted. 

I ^^ ±f^ ^vhile thiuking of it. 

i^\h^ Mournful ; sad. To l>e ap- 
tb-'eo prehensive. 

From ^ ts^iu^, autumn. 
I ^ a inouruful appearance. 
J ^ anxious. 



/^\ To surpass ; to excel ; 
ii more ; further. Healed. 

Used with f^. 

From 1^ il", to asseut. Hence P|^ //*, 
to illustrate; ffl ii^, an edict; ^ ^i^ 
healed ; f^^ f eo\ to steal. 

^' 

iW» -^^ itlea ; an opinion ; 

i a thou oh t ; meaniiior ; 

Avish ; will. 
From ^ iii^, a sound. 
I ^ thought ; idea ; meaning*. 
I ^\* unexpected ; beyond thought. 
I ,g meaning ; idea ; thought. 
j J^, will ; purpose. 

I ^ ^ JpI of different opinions ; differ- 
ing views. 

::5c» To love ; to have affection 
ai for; to be fond of. 

Love. 

From ^ sheo^, to receive. Compare 
g iu\ grief. 



I ]-§ to love in compassion ; to spare. 
I 1;^ to love and respect with special 

regard. 
I Wx to love and reverence. 
\ ^ to love ; desire. 
I fB to hanker after. 
I A iO B to love one's neighbour as 

oneself. 
I '\a ^B to be careful of time ; 

sparing of time. 

AiivC To influence ; to move ; 

k^^i to affect. To thank; 

to be gi-ateful. 

From j^ /i.netr, all. Coinpnre ^ hn//, 
to mislead ; ^ hiich, perha^js ; |g( c/ien\ a 
needle. 

I iJ to thank. 

I H^ to influence. 

I §^ grateful for ; to thank. 

I ,§. to be grateful for kindness. 

I -ttj A >C> to move men's hearts. 

I 'ft l# 2l^ able to influence or convert. 

I 3 Lazy ; careless. 
to 
From 7^ to^, to fall. 

'¥^^ . • 

|{3<| Vexed ; grieved ; irritated. 
nao To dislike. 

From ^ nao^, brnins (contracted). 
Hence J^ nao^, agate; ^^ nao^, brains. 

I 'I'^ annoyed at ; to be vexed at. 
I ^2 rage ; angry. 



iU»^ To provoke ; to exasperate. 
rce 
From ^ I'oh, if. Hence |§ noh, to 
asseut. 

I M to provoke ; to stir up. 



79 



«5 «1 



VOCABULARY. 



9—11 



aUA'i All error; a fault. 
k'itiu overstep. 

From ffj ioL^, overfluwiug. 



To 



(IS? Stupid; doltisli; simple; 
"^ rude. 

From j^ It-, a monkey. Hence '^ 
«■*, to lodge; jg ?Z\ to meet; f,^ e(/^ 
an image j ^ liau^, ten thousand. 

^ to make sport of ; to deceive. 

^lU foolish ; stupid. 

^ obstinate ; irrational. 

^, ignorant and stupid. 

^ dark in mind ; foolish. 

fiji obtuse ; dull in mind. 

^ simple ; stupid. 

^ blunt fitted. 



tJ& Ashamed 
stricken. 



1 



conscience 



From ^ Icuei^, a demon. Hence ^ 
Icuai'^, a Jump; @ liiiei'^, chief; gl 
c/i'eo^ ugly ; ^ k' uti'^, to present. 



1^ ashamed ; abashed. 



ih 



% To act with cc 
/'e)t cautious. 



to be 



From M: c^heiP-, true. Hence PjS ch'eii^, 
angry at ; M. t'ieit?, to fill up. 

I ;g to be very careful ; to give heed 
to ; to attach weight to. 

ii\Xi\ Compassion ; mercy. Com- 
tsi passionate ; kind. 

From ^ tsi^,^ this. Hence ^ taV, to 
produce ; i^^ ts'i'^, crockery. 

I ^ love ; compassion. 



flC Flurried ; hurried ; iier- 
huang vous. 

From ^ linanff, wild. 
I ^L iii' confusion ; flustered. 






Careful ; anxious. 



From Jl^ i)t^, great. 
I Wl attentive ; diligent ; particular 
about. 

H^ Manner; bearing. 

From f|& nen(j'^^ able. Hence f| hsloiig'^, 
a bear. 



Grief; sadness. To mourn. 
t'uiuj Moved. 

From 115 tong'^, to move. Compare f^ 
tong^, to understand. 

l,S Slow; slowly; dilatory. 
man Gradually. To treafc 

rudely. 
From ^ mnn^, extended. Hence ^^ 
man", bread ; ij)^ man^, a curtain. 

To comfort; to soothe ; 






uei to console. 

From ^ ii^, a military officer. 



iak 



Desire ; lust : covetous. 



From ^ iuh, to desire. 

c^i. Grief; melancholy; mourn - 
'ii6 ful ; sad. In mourning 

for parents. 

From ^ ieh, .a leaf; and ^ siu^ 
walking. Hence ^ t;t^, excellent. Com- 
pare ^ /isiaS summer. 



80 



11—13 



VOCABULARY. 



>i^ 01 



I j^ inouruful. 

I ^i^ sad ; melancholy. 

I ]|; care ; auxiety ; to be anxious. 

I f^ ^tirieved ; distressed. 

I ^ sad and anxious. 



^j^ To desire ; to be fond of. 
■mo 
From ^ moh, not. Hence ^ mo\ 
to enroll ; J mo\ a grave ; jll^ ma\ a frog. 

'[^ Sorrowful ; grieved. Griev- 
tsa)i ous. Cruel 

From ^ tsan^, to consult with. Hence 
fg td'an"^, to rail at. 

(iS^ ( Ashamed ; to feel morti- 

m\ '-'■ 

ts an 
From '^ chan^, to cut off. Hence ^|f 
taien*, gradually; ^ c/iay^*, briefly. 

I 'l^ to be ashamed. 

1^ Accustomed to ; cxperi- 
kuaih enced iu ; addicted to. 

From "^ kuan\ to string. Hence ^ 
sh'ih, verily. 

/»©> Anxiety ; to be anxious. 
lil 

From }^ /lu^, a tiger; and Vien", a 
field. Hence j^ liL^, to filter; /jg /«-, a 
hut; 'H; //r, a stove; ^ /(r, a reed ; ,|f 
Z/7-, a donkey. 

j^ Good luck ; felicity. To 
i'i'if/ congratulate. 

From H Ink, a deer (contracted) ; and 
^ .s^(u\ following. 



7^ Clever; intelligent. 

Jinci 
From ^- /i?<e*^ a broom. 

( i7-'p To have compassion on ; 
lie)i to pity ; to sympathize. 

From "^^ liii^, will-o-the-wisp. Hence 
||5 li)i'\ nuighbour ; i^ lin'^, fish scales. 

I ^ to pity. 

J '|f4 to have compassion. 

I 'ili to sympathize ; to commiserate. 

1 .t: to pity. 



-M 



i/\Si According to. Evidence ; 

p'iiig proof. To lean on. No 

matter what. 

From m feiig", a surname. 
I tM evidence. 

I ^ 9 £« according to one's own idea. 
I ^ H *ti> according to conscience ; to 
act conscienti''»usly. 



To hate : to detest. 



tstiig 



From ^ ts'e»g^, past. Hence Jf tsepg\ 
to increase; f^ seiiff^, a Buddhist priest; 
Ht tiiei>g\ to present ; fj tisciig\ to steam. 



<r 



To sympathize with ; to 
mill pity- 

From [13 ^niii'^, to grieve. 

^^ To beseech ; to supplicate. 
k\:n Earnestly. 



From ^ ckai*, reptiles; and ^ ken, 
perverse. Compare |g hen^, very. 

I ■§! earnestly ; to entreat. 
^ to wish joy : to congratulate. ] | ^ to implore. 



81 



iZ^ 01 



VOCABULARY. 



13—19 



jS To iinclerstancl ; to com- 
tony prebeud. 

From jl to7ig^, to lead. Compare ^ 
Vovg^, to mourn ; ;^ t^ong^, a lad. 

I ;^ g to understand books ; to be able 

to read. 
I ^ ^'J I cannot understand. 

Oiigbt ; sboiild ; must ; 

^^ suitable. Kead ing'^. 

Jlhi^ To respond ; to answer ; 

ing an ecbo ; to fulfil ; to 

correspond to. 

From ^ ien'^, a wild goose» Compare 
^- iiu/, the breast. 

I ^ ougbt ; fitting. 

I ^ fulfilled. 

I ^ to reply ; to answer. 

I W- an echo. 



m 



^ To regret. Angry ; vexed. 



From ^ ao'^, obscure. Hence 1% ao"^, 
an open plat ; ^ ao'^, a bay ; f^ ao^, 
a robe. 

I f^ to regret ; to reproach oneself. 

Remiss ; inattentive ; idle. 
hsiai 

From ^ IciaP, to unloose. Hence ^ 
hsiai^, a crab. 

I .1; negligent ; lax. 

c^i> Diligent ; zealous. 
k'ing 

From ^ k'in^, attentive. 
Weak ; timid. 



From ^ sii'^, to require. Hence \^ 
nfi, to soak ; J^ 7-(t'^, a suckling ; ^ ?•{(-*, 
scholars. 
I II weak. 

^lii-* To correct ; to punish. To 
clieiuj warn. 

From ^ c/i^?i\ to ask for. Compare ^ 
uei'^, small. 

I ^ ^0 punish. 

[ 1^ to reprimand and fine. 

c j3^ The bosom. To carry in 
huai the bosom ; to cherish ; 

to dwell on. 

From ^ huai'^, to conceal. Hence ^ 
hitai^^ spoiled. 

I ^ to be pregnant. 

I ^^ with child. 



Lazy ; idle. 



lai 



From ^ Za^^ to trust to. Hence -^ 
/a^^ leprosy; ^ Zai*, a musical in- 
strument 
I jf lazy ; idle. 

iiE> To hang ; in suspense. 
hmen To be anxious. Different 
from. 
From 0, hsien^, a district. 
I ;g: to think anxiously about. 



ki'l 



To fear ; to dread. 



From ^ k'ti"^, timid. Compare ^ k'ii^, 
a highway ; |§ iao^, giory. 
[ fQ to fear. 

r^ To hanker after ; to dote on . 
lien 
From f,|| /!/r/«\ to bind together. 
Heuce ^ ^lau'^, bent ; ^ ^»r/n^, peaks. 



a^ 



J— 13 



VOCAlfl'LARY. 



■X 02 



The 62nd Radical. 


"iXi 1 ; my ; me ; we ; our. 




rj^ A spear. 
ko 




From ^ slico^, the hand. Hence ^ 


Hence ^% chao^, to seek ; ^ Id\ a few. 


i\ righteous; ^ o^, hungry. Distinguish 


Compare ^\^ ///, a dart. 


^ chao^, to seek. 


cpXi To complete; to perfect. 


I g a I myself. 


I ff"J us ; we. 


ch\'iig To become finislied. The 


I 51 ^ polite phrase for " I." 


whole. 




From 3^ lilr, streiif^ili. Ilenee |^ 


//j>^) Relatives ; relations. 


ch'eiig'', sincere; jjj^ clieiuj'^, a city; ^ 


c/i'ciig'^, to fill. 




From Jl i'/ia?)//^ above; and i]^ siao^, 


{ ^ to sanctify. 


small. Compare ^ ttih, to govern. 


I X to finish a piece of work ; com- 


L ' 


pleted. 


^^) A lance. 


I ^ to fulfil. 


klah 


I ^ to perfect. 


From ^ ieh, a leaf, (altered). 


I H to marry. 




I A to become a man ; to act as 
becomes a man. 


:^^5) To kill in war; to mas- 
I'-i'l^ sacre. 


f 12, conclusions ; a mind made up. 


From ^ lino", to soar. Hence ^miu\ 
error ; ^ kiao\ glue ; f§ ;«uA wroug. 


1 ^ to form into groups ; to make a 


company. 




I ^ ~- If to l)ecome one. 


%^ To fight -to battle. Fright- 


71% To warn ; to caution. 


ed a ?i eued. 


From ^ tan\ u bill. Hence gf ra?i2, 
to til rum. 


kiai To refrain from. 


From -jj^ ko)i<j^, liands joined. Hence 


I m to win a battle. 


1)1 kiai^, to enjoin ; |jj5{ kiar, a command- 
ment; -^ k'cii^, weupuiiS. 


1 III to contend ; to quarrel and fight. 


I fi£ to fight against ; to war. 


1 ^g a ring. 


1 ^ to contest ; to wrangle. 


I Jh to warn ; to desist. 


[ iff to be alarmed. 


^Xl, Perhaps ; if ; whether ; or 


I P 1^ y^ Tl^ to tremble with fright. 
^^ To wear, as a cap. To 


liiieh else. 


From p k'eo^, a moufli ; nnd — ih, one. 


tai uphold. To honour. 


Hence ^ kueh, a kingdom ; ^ hull, to 


didude. Compare ^ /.air, to iulluence. 


From |S /*, strange. Hence ^ tsai^, 




to i)lant; ^ tsair, to cut out; ^jj ^va/^ 


I ^perhaps. 


to ontiiin ; f^ tsai^, calamity. 


I ^ or else ; or if. 


( ^ ^ to wear a crown. 



83 



^ 04 



VOCABULARY. 



13 



l^% /x P^'^y- To play ; to sport ; 
hd to jest. 

From /2 hsi^, an earthenware sacrificial 
vase. 

I ^ to make fun of; to play jokes upon. 
I gl a theatre. 
J ^ to trifle ; to play. 
1 J|i a theatre. 

The G3rd Radical. 

7~* A door. All iDclividual. 
/nc 
Hence ^ klen^, the slioulder; ^ /:«<*, 
to hire. Compare /^ shl^, a corpse. 

/y\ That which ; who; what. 

so A cause ; whereby. A 

place. N. A. 

From Jp kin^, an axe. Compare j^ 
Jiin^, near. 
j ^ a place. 
I J^ hence ; therefore. 
I '& 6'5 whatever there is. 

c^f A house ; a room ; a build- 
'p"9 ing. 

From "tj fang^, square. Hence fj^ f^iiig^, 
hk*-^; M /f'".'7', to enquire; jj^ /'''"^S 
neighl)nuilu)()(l ; "^/""g^, to hiose. Com- 
j)are ^ ah, a house. 
I ^ a landlord. 
I M rooms ; houses. 
I X,^ roof of a house. 

The 64th Radical. 

'^ 
'^ 

s/teo 
Hence ^ /;V/?i^ to see ; ^ o''^, I. 
j flj a handkerchief. 



The hand : a " hand." 



I ^ a trade ; handicraft. 

I f under the hand ; under the power of. 

c^ Talent ; ability ; parts. 
ta'ai Power. 

Hence ^' ts\ii^, materials; ff ch'ai^, 
a wolf; ^ ts'ai\ wealth; f^ pi"\ to 
close. 

I ^ ability ; talents. 

1 tfa power ; parts. 



c/iah 



To pierce ; to cut out. 



From ^ z7/, one. Compare ;f;L, cJuih, 
a document ; ^ c//a/i, to hind. 

I ^ to burst by piercing. 

JJ To strike ; to beat ; to hit. 

ta To fetch ; to buy ; to 

make ; to do ; to cause. 

To come or go by way of. 

From "J' fing^, a person. Hence $^ 
ting^, a nail ; |y tiug^^ to edit ; pj ting^, 
to enjoin. 

j ^ to send. 

I 7K to draw water. 

I M ^0 sweep. 

I ^ to fight ; to go to war. 

I Bi£ to doze ; to snooze. 

I iU woimded by a blow. 

J ^ to calculate ; to reckon. 

I iz to thresh grain. 

j ^, to fish. 

J ^ "f to thunder. 

^P) To beat ; to pound. 
p'uh 
From Y* pnh, to divine. Hence :^\* 
p'loh, plain ; |l>/'t*, to announce a death ; 
f[* pull, to fail; ^fii\ to go to. 

I §tj to fall down. 



84 



;3— 4 



VOCAP.ri.ARY. 



^ ru 



m 



To rap; to knock. To 
A'eo biittoi), as clotlics. To 

deduct; to discount. 

From P k\'o^, a mouth. Hence §P 
k'eo^, ii bultoii ; 1^ /i'eu'\ an aniiiiaL 

I P^ to knock at a door. 

I fjl to deduct moDcy. 

I fff to discount. 

I ^ lU ^^* buttou up clothes. 



m 



To throw away; to reject. 



From 75 ?m(^ but. Compare (J5 re////", 
ns before ; ^jf ?iai'', milk. 

I J^ T ^*^ throw away. 

J^Y" To cany on the shoulders 

c'jlL of two or more meo. 

hang ^^ interfere. Read 

k\m(f. To carry on the 

shoulder of one person. 

From J[^ honif, labour. Hence ;^ 
hing^, a pole; ^X kaiig^, ajar; ^ hoiig^, 
a rainbow ; J^l kiany'^, a river. 

cX'C To support ; to help ; to 
A prop up. 

From ^ fu^, a sage. 

I ^ to support ; to help. 

I ^ a support for the hand. 

I i to uphold. 

I |fj to succour ; to aid. 

I ^ T -^ help me down. 

^Xi To seek ; to look for. To 
chao find. To pay a balance ; 
the balance due. 

From ;:5^ Ico^, a spear. Distinguiiih ^ 
0^, I. 

I 5'J T fonud. 

I ;r> ^ unable to find. 



f/-^\ '£q receive. To undertake. 
ch'ouj To confess. 

Compare (^ c/u')ig^, to save ; .;^ cJieng^, 
to steam. 

I >j^ to receive. 

I E?' ^^ confess ; to Jicknowledge. 

I ^^ to take responsibility. 

I ^ ^^^ receive and carrv on ; to succeed 

to. 
I ^ to adopt ; to take an licir. 
I '^ to make oneself res])onsil)le for ; to 

aljide the consequences. 

lE To take; to hold. A 
pci handle. Sign of the 

object. N. A. 

From 2. /'«\ ^ clamp. Hence ^ ^k?^ 
a fence; ^ ;;«*, papa; )]£ fet\ iut; ^ 
pa^, a scar ; |^ p'ot"^, to creep. 

1 |j§ a handle ; an occasion. 

i)X, To take off ; to snap. To 
c/ieh decide a cause. Dis- 

count. 

From ff- kiii^, an axe. Hence J^Jl cheh, 
name of a Province. Compare jf^f sin^, 
new ; jjijf chan^, to behead. Disiinguish 
^ ts'eh, to break open. 

I §5 to break down ; to destroy. 

j ^f snapped ; broken off. 

I /Jg to reduce to submission. 

I ^- to ill treat ; trial. 

cV\!l To cast ; to throw; to throw 
p'«o away. To deduct. 

From jl k'u^, nine ; and jj Uh, strength. 
I ^ to strew ; cast abroad. 
j ^ to reject ; to cast aside. 
I 4Sf to cast anchor. 



85 



^ 64 



VOCABULARY. 



4—5 



c"X^ "i'o tlirow at or into. To 
feo present. To lumd over 
to. To fit in with. 

From ^ .s/ut\ to kill. Hence fjc ^lieh, 
to set up; ,fj3: hifi, the buttocks; :]g mh, 
a pestilence ; f_^ ifi//, a cunstable; i^ shan^, 
to mow. 

I ^ to hurry up; to go to, as to a frieud. 

X-y To shake: to rouse. To 
teo tremble. 

From =1- teo'', busliel. Hence %^ Iiao\ 
to reckon. Compare y^}\ kiu^, a contederacy. 

I f ^ to shake off. 

*]TL To wrench ; to twist. To 
^ii'i' seize ; to grasp. 

From 5 c]ied\ 1 to 3 a.m. Hence 
oiin^, a buiLou; ifgf /uit^, to tie. 

I M spoilt by a wrench. 
rW ai 



Skill ; talent. Interchaug- 
kl eel with it J':i\ 
Hence !^X k'i", forked; ^1 c1li\ a wing. 
1 t^ ability. 

Jr^j To l)reak open ; to unrip. 
Weh To tear down. 

From y^ ch'ih, to reprove. Compare 
A^, su*, to tell. Distinguish ^ cheh, to 
break off. 

I §3 to break open. 

I fg to tear open a letter. 

I 5^ to break a way thr(jugh. 

I g^ broken down ; destroyed. 

I ^ JJS to unpick clothes. 



clK To wrap; 



2>i 



to throw on, as 
I uarnient. 



From Jf^ p''^ skin. Hfiice ^ po^, a 
w;ive; |^ p'u^, a steep bank; ^^ p'o^, 
broken; %% pel\ coverlet; ^ pi^, that; 
^ po^, glass. 

I ^ to throw on. 

I _t ^ HM to throw the clothes on. 

^^) To smear ; to rub over ; 
viak to wipe cleau. 

From ^ iiioh, end. Compare ^ ??iei*, 
sister ; ^^ mei\ dark. 

I jtS ■? fo wipe the table. 

1 fili i!S Hh daubed his eyes. 



# 



To bring ; to take ; to ap- 
prehend. Sign of the 
ol)jcct. With ; by. 



na 
From ^ 1111^, a slave. Compare 3?5 
sJiii'^, to forgive; ^ /;«^, to exert. 

I ^ to bring. 

I {^ to lay liold of. 

I JS f''^ select; take out of. 

I ^ fi caunot be grasped. 



,IS Todn 



aw lots ; to pick out. 



lien 



From ^ clian^, to divine. Hence f^ 
chan'^, to stand ; lj)§ t'ieJi, a card ; f^ tien*, 
a shop ; ^,5 fkh, to stick up ; S^ ^ie?i^ a. 
dot. 
I tl! to draw lots. 



c*j J^ To drag ; to pull ; to seize. 
la 
From jt ?''^'. to set up. Hence ^ 
wei^, a throne; \± I:i^, to weep ; -^^ li/t, a 
grain. 

I ^ to pull ; pulling. 
\ f^ to drag ; drawn. 



8G 



Yc^CABULARY. 



^ 04 



I 3^'] "T ii<?ver niin<l ; there is an eudofit. 
I SI ^ '.^i^ ^0 take to the place of ex- 
ccutiou. 



) To pluck up ; to root up. 

From '^fahy to prick. 

I ^ ^0 pi^^l ^ip the roots. 

I H^ to P'l^l o"t- 

I 7J to draw a sword. 

I Hi 2}^ to pluck up. 

c J »v To grasp ; to restrain ; to 
^*''i seize. To adhere to, as 

to an opinion. 

From ^ k''^, a sentence. H(nce ^^ 
A;eo^ a dog; "^ keo^, ilHcit; ^iij heo^y ii 
hook ; JIQ Avv\ a foal. 

I ^ to control ; to keep in custody. 

I ^ constrained ; bound. - 

I ^ to be precise. 

I ;^ to keep in order ; to restrain. 

cTO To beckon ; to call To 
chao give notice. To con- 
fess. A placard. 
From ^ chao^, to summon. Hence BH 
chcio^, bright ; ^ cliaci^, to exceed ; ^^ 
chad^, according to; fg chao^, to proclaim. 

P^ to call ; to give notice to. 

^ a signboard. 

^ to beckon with the hand. 

^ to gather together. 

J^ to invite injury ; to bring evil 

upon. 
^ to summon ; to enlist. 
W T to assemble. 



To worship ; to pay re- 
pa* spects ; to visit. To 
salute. 
From ^ haii^, a shield, doubled. 



I ^ to salute witli tlie hands raised to- 
gether. 
I i^ to pay new year's calls. 
I )j[| to submit to ; to own allegiance to. 
I -L ftf to worship God. 
I ^ Jili to worohi[) heaven and earth. 

j^|i|) Stupid ; clumsy. 

chueh 
Fi-oni [ij ch'uJi, to come out. Hence 
Jy^ k'lVi, to bend ; Sj|} ch'uh, to degrade. 

J tli To embrace ; to enfold ; to 
pao carry in the arms. 

From ^ pao^, to wrap. Hence || 
p'cur, a rohe ; $^ pao\ a phuie ; Sf[ ])\xo'^, 
to ran ; '{^ p'(io\ to soak ; feJ ;^r/r/', satis- 
fied ; Ug, 2:'aoS the womb ; ^ ^^ao-*, hail. 

I {:^ to embrace ; enfolded. 
I ^ embraced. 

c'f pi To pull up. To divide up. 
c/i'co To levy. 

From ^ tn^, from. Hence -fjlj ch'eo^, 
silk ; f^ cAeo^ axle. 

I 1* — piji ^ a convulsion ; a fit. 

J^ To kidnap. To swindle. 
kuai To turn. 

From ^ li'ig*, besides. Henoe |J^ 
kiiai^, a sVdS; fjl] pieh, anollxer • ^^ pah, 
eight. 

I ^ a staff. 

I is to swindle ; to decoy. 
I i^ to make off with. 

Jx ) To stamp; to sign. To 

ink pledge ; to mortgage. To 

detain in custody. 

From ^ klnh, armour. Hence |S 

hmi/i, a chest; J^ hsiah, to caress; f^ 

cJiali, a water gale. 



87 



^ 04 



A'CCABILARY, 



'j^ To resist ; to oppose. To 
ti substitute. 

From ^ t!'\ a foundation. Hence 2g 
/./^ under; {[^ ti^, low; |jS chi^, paper. 

I ^ to resist ; to ward off. 

g 1^ To oppose ; to ward off 
leu with tlie hand. 

From ^ /'?t ', cliief. Hence ^g hi'', a 
rule; ^^kii\ how; JJg A-it^, disttiut iroin. 
I ^]) to v> ard off. 

I IS broken off from ; cessation of in- 
tercourse. 

HfU) To strike with tkc hand ; 
'jj'eh to pat ; to clap. 

From 1^ peh, white. Hence -^^ peh, 
a cedar; IJJ^ p\/*j a napkin ; ^*|^ peh, to 
anchor; ^j pth, wealih ; fg p'«*, to fear. 

I ^ "j* to awake by a blow. 



J|E| A fiuger ; a toe. To point ; 
ch'i to direct ; to indicate. 

From p* clip, a decree. Heuce ^^ c/tz\ 
cosn)etique. 

5^ the finger. 

Sj5 to point to; to refer to. 

Tji to point out. 

Jj; to reprove ; to correct. 

^ to teach ; to instruct. 

^ pointing to ; to refer to. 

^^ to reprove mildly. 

ff to prove ; to give evidence. 

g^ t^ finger point. 



w 



To separate ; to throw 
]jii>i away. Tu mix. 

From ^ pan*, a linlf. Hence |-'ij p^nn"^, 
to judge; |^ pan\ to tri[); ^ p'an^, a 
landmark; f^ pan'^, a comrade. 

yA To save ; to lift up. 

cheng 

From yR ch'eng^, to aid. Hence ^ 
cheng^, to ateam ; ;^ clieitg", to receive. 

I ^^ to save from danger. 

Jpl) To pick up; to put in 
aJiVi order. Ten. 

From ^ hoh, to unite. Hence ^ kih, 
to give; '|^ k'inh, luckily; ;f^ /:c/t, a 
pattern ; ^ /^o/i, a casket ; ^ ?ia", to 
bring. 

\ iSi ^ M t'^ take np stones. 



5^ To pLace the hand on. 
«'i According to; as. 

From -^ rtw\ peace. Hence ^ a;i*, a 
table ; ^ aii\ a saddle. 

I ^ to place the hand on ; to press 

down. 
I ^ ^ according to reason. 
I flf f^ ill season ; at seasonable times. 
I ^hl^ ® A favouritism. 

^p) To include ; to enclose. 

kudk 
From ^ s/it;//, tlie tongue. Hence |§ 
^(mA, to blow ; j'g /io/^ alive; f^ t'ien'", 
peaceful. 

cjCd^ To scoop out; to dig out ; 
liii' to gouoe. Also read 

uah. To dig. 
From ^ ua^, a deep hollow. 
I ^ to dig a hole ; to dig through. 
I tij 2j5 to scoop out. 

•VW ^^ f'-arry on the shoulder 

r/ao person. To stir up. To 

pick out ; to choose. 



88 



VOCABULAKY. 



^ 64 



From ;)(£ chfK,*, nn omen. PTonce ^ 
t''io(), wejikly; \^^ t^'Hr, u penoh ; ^t'ao^, to 
tJ'y ; I^I: ^'itf^*, t^' ju'^PJ 'M ^'"'A to escape. 

I ^ to select. 

I jll to choose. 

I p^ to stir up ; to rnuke mischief. 



^j_j^ To tic up ; to fasten. 

From ^ ts'tiP)!-, perfect. ITeTice ^ 
t-s'iiun'^, to expuuud j -^ tsilen'^ cured. 
I ^: tied up. 

<TU* To support. To manage. 
clii To grasp. 

From ^ si"*, a mosque. Hence "f^ 
s/;i*, to trust; (^ .sAe-*, to serve ; f^- iai^ 
to treat ; fj^ .s7i2''', time ; ff .-f/ii^ poetry. 
I ^ to keep hold of ; to observe re- 
ligiously. 
I S ^^^ i;rasp liruily ; to hold fast. 

/^ The fist. 

From 5^ /'/Zru^, to roll (contracted). 
Hence ^ k^'irit'^, a bond ; ^ kiLen^, u 
i»ook ; ^ kiiijii*, to love. 
I ^|[" the list. 



^ To examine by torture; 
^'"0 to Hog. 

From ^ k'ao-^, to exumiue. Hence ^ 

k\lu^^ to tOH^t. 

I PJl to interrogate with beatiu":. 



h 



To liang up. Anxious; to 
be in suspense. N. A. 
Used with ^, 
From ;^ ^'■(e^■l, a gem sceptre. Hence 
^ k^iiH\ a constellation; -j^ kia^, beauti- 
i<d ; ^ //^iV/i-, shoes ; }^ knei\ citmamon ; 
^ /'u^'ti, a virgin; ^j ^/«ii, a street; ^ 
>t;i«^, to think ou. 



I ;£' to be anxious. 

\ ia! to Ije iu suspense ; anxiety. 



tJL^'V To delay. To suffer. Side 
ai by side. Near ; next. 

Also read ai^. 

From ^ i'', a particle. Hence ^ rti"\ 
dust. 

I JiJ to come to in order. 

I t5. close to ; to get near to. 

I B^ towards eveuiug. 

I 7|^ iu order. 



To move ; to shift on ono 
no side. 

From ^5 na^, that. Hence ^ nah, a 
final particle. 

I 1^ to set aside. 

1 1^ to move from one place to another. 

JTj To bind ; to plait ; to tie 



k' uen 



up. 



From 1^ /i\i,eii\ distressed. Hence || 
k\ieri^, to hem. 

I ^ to biud. 

I -j^ tied up. 

I |flj: bound ; tied. 

I Z^ ^ to tie up. 



I:, To seize; to apprehend. 
cho/i To grasp. 

From J§^ tsuJt,, enough. 
I ^ to seize. 
I {i to lay hold of. 
I Mi to catch thieves. 
I ^ to meddle. 

J^ To stick out; to stiffen. 
fint/ To exert. 

From 5g t'ing-, tlie Court. Hence ^ 
Viug^, a club ; J^ ^'ing", a liall ; ^ Ving- 
the dragon Hy. Compare ^E ieii", to invite. 



^ 04 



VOCABULARY. 



I ^ to raise up specially ; begotten for 

a special purpose. 
I ^ to straighten the body. 

JPC To move ; to shake. To 
choi stir up. To restore. 
From ^ ch'en-, t^o hours. Hence |^ 
c/ievi*, liberal ; ^ shu en-, lips; ^ cheu*, 
an earthquake; j^ ch'en'^, morniug. 
I i5: to save. 
I ^ to revise ; to cause to prosper. 



To contribute ; to sub- 
kiien scribe. To pay taxes. 

To buy oliice. 

From ^ ueti^, to twist. Hence $3 
hien'^, a cheap silk. Distinguish J^ suen"^, 
to injure. 

[ ^ to subscribe money. 

I ^ to pay taxes. 

I Wi to pay up^as a tax. 

I ^ to subscribe ; to contribute. 



,) To clasp between ; to 
Jciah pinch ; to extort. To 

hsiah o]ipress. 

From ^ Uah, to squeeze. Hence [^ 
hsiah, narrow ; ^ hsiah, a pass. 
I f Ij to coerce ; to oppress. 



To Q;ive alms : to bestow ; 
shce to part with ; to for- 

sake. To reject. 

From -^ sJii^, a cottage. Distinguish 
J^ sh'ih, to pick up. 
I "B^ to give up life for others. 
I M ^*^ &^^^ ^P ^^^^ world ; to devote 

the person. 
I ^ to part with ; to give away. 
I J^ parted with ; given up. 
I ^ to forsake ; to abandon. 
I ^ tl' to grudge ; loth to. 



w 



To fall. To move. An 
iiao auxiliary verb. 

From ^ c/toh, lofty. Compare |^ 
choh, a table. 

I T ^ fallen down. 

^^^ The palm of the hand. 

chang A paw. To manage ; to 

superintend. 

From ^ shang^, yet. Hence ^ shang", 
clothes ; ^ s/iauff, to reward : ^ t'avy". 



tang^, ought 



'y ^ 



continually ; ^ te?J^^ a cHque. 
} ^ to govern ; to manage. 
I Mi ^ to exercise authority. 
I M ^^ boatman ; master of vessel. 
I flS 6^ ^ steersman. 
I li 6^ ^^ overseer in the church. 

J J| To hang up ; to suspend ; 

kiia suspense. To think of. 

Used with ^. 

From ^j> kna'^, to divine. Hence ^ 
kua*, a gown. 
I ;g; to be anxious. 
I iC> suspense ; thoughtful for. 
I & ^v to hang u}). 



IV To try ; to essay. Head 
t'aii t'cDi*. To spy; to search 

out ; to enquire after. 
From ^ shmi^, to issue. Compare ^ 
sheii^, deep ; ^ hair, rare. 
I li to pick up information. 
I '^ f^ to sound ; to take soundings. 

j^j To receive ; to meet ; to 

tsieh accept. To succeed to. 

To connect. To graft. 

From •^. ts'ich, a concubine. Distin- 
guish Jg an*, according to. 



90 



VOCAr,T:LAKY. 



^ G4 



I f^- to receive ; to entertain. 

I p|l to take over t^eals of ollice. 

I \\^ to receive. 

I ^ to saceeed to — as a throne. 

I ^ to accept a trust ; to associate. 

I Wi ^'' .i""i **^^ ? ^^ connect witli. 

I ^ 2l^ ^'J receive ; to take over. 

ciih To push ; to expel. To 
t'ld shirk. To infer. 

From j^ chni^, a bird. Hence ff^ tiii^, 
a heiip ; tyt ■'^'>ni~, wlio ; ?^ diaen^, to 
permit; ^^ uei", a cuitain. 

I ^ to pusli over. 

I #!! to n]).set. 

I ^ to shirk ; to decline. 

I ^ to grind ; to tui'u a mill. 

I ^1) to decline ; to refuse. 

I 1^ an excuse ; to make an excuse. 

I [PJ to fathom ; to investigate. 



M\ Tofe. 



;el ; to lay tlie hand 
■iiioi on. To cover. 

From P^ mp)r, a door. Hence fp^ 
i})Pir, pliirul ; ^^ men^, sad; ^^ ^-Aa/i^, to 
shp. 

f^ To cover over ; to concCcol ; 
■i«"' to shut. 

From :^ ieii^, to remain. Hence '/fg 
ieu'^, to aimvn; |f /e>;.\ to salt ; J^ coi\ a 
nunnery. 

I ^ to conceal ; to cover over. 
I ^ to hide away ; to secrete. 
I W- M covered over. 
I ^ 3 ^ to shut one's ears ; to cover 
the ears. 



I ^ to charge ; to accuse. 



t^ 



& 



To control. To beat. 



Ic'ou'i 



'll|) To dig ; to excavate. 

From J^ k'ilh, a wrong. Hence %| 
k\i}i^ a hole. 

I M to tlig the earth. 

I ^ to lower ; to reduce the height by 

digging. 
I §i to dig open. 



From ig k'onrf-, empty. Hence ^^ 
Ic'ian'j^, a lune. 



|/J|>) To rob ; to plunder. 

Uuk 

From 3^ klnrj^, metropolis. Hence ^ 
lian(f, cool ; S^ ^t'^/^r/, a whale ; 7^ kiiu/^ 
a view ; ^ i?;^", a shadow. 

j% To make an effort. To 
tseng earn. To get free from. 

From ^ tsenr/^, to contest. Hence ^ 
tseiuf-, a kite ; ^ tshiy"^, pure ; ff tshig^, 
quiet ; p^ tseng^, to open the eyes. 

I Pj to break by an effort. 

c J7 p ^ I'o^'^' ; ^ liiie. To place 
'p'di in order. 

From ^ /ei\ not. Hence p /^/^^ 
calf of leg; f^ pe*^, sympathy; [|| /Vi^, 
a vagabond ; ^ j^ei"*, a generation. 

I M placed ; arranged, 

-^^> To choose out. To binder. 
cJt'ek 
From -{^1 c/i'i^, to restrain. Hence ^ 
c/i'i'*, to make. 

I ^ to draw lots. 



M 



To pluck ; to cboose ; to 
tsUii gather. 

From ^ ts\u^, to gather. Hence ^ 
ts'(ir, variegated; ^ i^-'ai^ vegetables; 
^ ^v'ai'-', to pluck. 



^ 64 



VOCABULARY. 



8—9 



jjU To sweep ; to clccar awcay. 
sao To exterminate. Head 

sao\ A broom. 
From ^ cheo^, a broom. Hence ^ 
f7ieo^ a broom ; $f /ii% a woman ; |f 
Z://ei^, to revert to. 
I -^ swept clo\yn ; to fall from. 

Jg To roll up. 
kiien 
From ^ ktle)i\ a roll of paper. Henoe 
1^ Fuen^, bound; fi kiien% weary; H 
jc'iien^, to encircle, 
f ^ ^ to roll up. 

cf^_ To beat ; to strike. 
diui 
From ^ c/i'ta^ to let fall. TTence |f 
c7i'm-, a steelyard weight; P^ i'it*, lu 
sspit ; ^ shui^, to sleep. 

I M M ^^ ^6^^^ ^^^^ breasts. 

J5£ To draw back ; to restore ; 
uan to pull. 

From IS mip-n^, to escape. Hence ^ 
mien^, effort ; ;^ mien^, a crown ; ^ ^'tt^, 
a rabbit. 

I to bring back — as a past state of 
thiu.o-s. 



To o;ive to. To transmit. 



sheo 



From ^ sheo^, to receive. 
J ^ to give aud to receive. 

3^:, lo arrange; to gather up. 

toll 
From ^ choh, to connect. Hence |^ 
choh, to rtbt. 

i^i To choose ; to select. 
kicn 



From ^ Z:/'^'?i2, to select. Hence || 
Zfeu*, to melt; H /i(3;/^ to drill; jj^ lieii\ 
to discipline. 
I 5§ to select ; to elect. 
I ^ to choose out. 
I ® ^ to pick out. 

I fii ^^ to pick out the best ; to select 
a good one. 

cl/£ To lift ; to raise ; to pull up. 

t'l To mention. To bring 

forward. Used with ^. 

From ^ ,<?//;*, to be. Hence if ti\ 
a bank; |^ t'i, to guard against. 
I gl to remind. 
I g a text ; a subject. 
I Bi ^ to bring forward ; to refer to. 
I ffi lll^ ^0 bring him up for trial. 



To scatter ; to spread ; to 
idiig publish abroad. 

From ^ iang", to expand. (Joinpare 
P^ /r/Ji^-^ the sun ; f^j f-s'i^, to confer. 
I)istin<^uish ^^ ^'i'A., to pick out. 

j^ To exchange ; to change ; 
liuaii to remove. 

From ^ huan\ gay. Hence !|f^ /^(au^ 
to call ; j;,^ huari^, briglit. 

[ 1^ to change money. 
I iji^ to exchange cards ; to become 
friends. 



J§5 To lift up; 



to lift off. 



kieli 



From ^ Itnlu how? Hence ^% hoh, to 
drink; j|, k'oh, to thirst; ^^ /ciek, to 
exhaust; |}^ /i.si'e/i, to rest; $^- /i('c/i, a 
tablet. 

I f)f] to open by lifting olF the cover. 

j % to take off tiles. 

I p[] to break open a seal. 



9—10 



VOCABULARY. 



.^ 04 



•t'flU 1 To run ngaiu.st ; to c 
1^^ I lide with. To meet ; 



come across. 
p'eng 
rrom i^ ping\ moreover. 



ol- 
to 



cj'i/v To grasp with the hand. 
tsiu To piuch. 

Prnm ^ f.s'/V. autumn. Hence ^ 
fs'iao^, to blush ; ^ tsiuu\ a shuvcl. 

I >(^ to grasp tight. 

J5) To fabricate ; to trump up. 

nieh 
From ^ ??/e/i, to fill up. 
I ia to fabricate. 

jIIB To feel after ; to consider. 

c/t' uai 

From iflj clninn^, sino;!}'. Hence fi^g 

f7//'w\ origin; Pi'^J- ch'uau'^, to pant: gjjj 

ck'ai^, to tread on ; £,"§ .slmi'^, ausi)icious. 

I jp to turn over in the mind ; to con- 
jecture. 



To pull; to drag. To 
kio reach to. 

From ^ /c'o\ a room. Hence ^ 
hiang'*, to preach. 

I fM. ^li® Feast of Tabernacles. 
I ^ ^ I cannot reach it. 

i^ 

diM To shake ; to ngitate ; to 
'"10 toss. To scull ; to row 

From ^ ian", a jar. Hence '^ iao^, 
distant; ^ iao-, pottery; %% hw', ru- 
mours. 

I 15 to shake. 

I %^ to row or scull a boat with one oar. 

I y^ to wag the head. 



I Jg to shake down. 

[ ^^ to wave the hand. 

I ^ ^^ move ; to disturb. 

1 Wi ^^> disturl) ; to excite. 



m-. 



To raise ; to budd, used 

PI ) of temporary structures 

tah only. To take a passage. 

To add to ; to hang or 

place over. 

From ^ tnh. to undertake. Hence ^ 
Vail, a paguda; J^ Vah, to tread. 

X^ To snatch ; to take by 
tsiang force. To Struggle for. 

From '^ ts'avr/^^ a granary. Hence jljg 
ts'atig^, tije hold of a ship; §^ f-s'iang'^, a 
gun; ^f"" t.^'ang^, a fly; ^ t's'ang^, azure; 
^ di'uang'^, a boil. 

I ^S to plunder : to seize upon. 
I ^ to rob ; to take by force. 
I {ii ^ to carry off by violence. 

c!j Q To pinch ; to nip. Also 
k'la read k'iah. 

From ^ ]Lsie7i\ a pittall. Distinguish 
^Q Vuo^, to take out. 



JL 



To remove ; to shift ; to 
^"'i- transport. 

From ^}5 vcin^, a kind. Hence ;I|5 



scar ; ^ ^ , ^ ^ 

a plate. 

I ^ to move from one dwellin* 
to another. 



2J air, 
jdace 



(4 j^ To throw or dash down 

skutil to fall down. 

From ^ sJiiiai*, to lead. 
f J^ thrown down ; cast away. 
I ^\\ thrown over : tiu'ued over. 



0:5 



^ G4 



VOCABULARY. 



10—12 



To injure; to destroy. 
sueih Injuiy ; disadvautage. 

From ^ iip.)r, round. Hence U[ fieii", 
circular; ^ liiii^, to perisli ; [)^ laii'^, to 
fMll; H iti/i^ a rliyme. Distiuguisli ^ 
kiie7i^, to contribute. 

I f^ ^*^ damage ; damaged. 
I @ to injure ; to spoil. 



c4& To rub between tlie bands. 

From ^ cJiai^, to send. Hence ^ 
i.s/e\ to sigh. 

I ^ rolbng between the bands. 

c/^ To rub ; to scour. To 
I'w polish ; to grind. 

From j^ ma'^, hemp. Hence J^ mo^, a 
demon ; j^ rtu?, au iuterrug'itive ; ^ 
wo^ to turn round. 



I ^^ ,lp give it a rub. 



To feel for or after ; to 
1110 grope. 

From ^ moli, not. Hence |-^ 7?io'', a 
curtain ; ^ ?/io^ a grave; ^ '»iO^, Lo desire. 

I ^ ^ 1 cannot find it out. 
I M gi-opiug ; feehug for. 



) To pluck ; to pick. To de- 

t^ek prive of. To point out. 

From "^ till, a stem. Hence f^tih, to 

di'op; \$X till, an enemy; '^shih, lo reach. 

'jlL ( To drag ; to haul up. To 
42fe I tear.' 

From ^ sli/r^, wastefuL 
I ^ torn apart ; rent. 



To scratch. To vex ; to 
new disturb. 

From ^ iao^, lofty. Hence \M hftiao^f 
bicky ; ^ rao^, to wind ; -(^ kiao^, to 
irrigate ; |^ rau^, to pardon. 

jPiiiA) To desei't ; to cast away. 

y ieh 
From 1^ 'pi^, mean. Hence ^ ^i*, to 
conceab 

I f to desert ; to leave. 

JHa To cast away ; to sow. 
^■'i Also read sail. 

From f^ sa/i'*, to scatter. Distinguish 
^ c/i'eh, to remove. 

[ U to sow seed. 

I Hi ^ to leak out. 

I T irPl -^ to cast a net. 



To rip ; to tear. 

From iyisi\ this. 
I f^ torn ; to rip open. 



To distribute ; to spread. 
2>oh To get rid of. 

Fri)m ^ f''h, to issue. Hence J^ /fc'^^ 
to waste; i^f p'oJi, to sprinkle. 

I ffi ^ to take out ; to extract. 

J?m To cherish. To soothe. 

From M jr, a negative. Hence ^ u^, 
grass- 

I ^ to rear ; to foster. 



M 



[^ To prop up. To punt. 
ts'eiig To Stretch open. 

cliOKJ 



04 



12—13 



VOCABULARY. 



^ G4 



From ^ ts\')i(/\ a prop. Hence Y$ 
ts'oig^, to prop. 

I lln to puut ; to pole a boat. 

^M. To break off. 
kue/i 
From Dj kiicit, that. 
I T ^ broken off. 

j[^ To rush against. To treat 
c/iuaiig rudely. 
From ;§: fovf/^, a youtli. Hence ;ff: 
t'ong", a tree ; |f t'ong\ pupil of tlie eye. 

I M striking against ; to collide with. 



To take cajDtive. To seize ; 
k^ing to arrest. 

From "^ k'i/i", birds. 

I ^ to seize ; to arrest. 

J^ To take captive. 

lu 
From J^ /ni^, a tiger; and ^ van", 
a male. Compare ]^ lii\ anxious ; iJ|; lu^, 
to strain. 

I ^S ^ carried ca2:)tive. 

i)^ To take in the hand. Evid- 
kd ence. According to. 

From ^ kfi'^, a wild boar. Hence jj 
/u\ hurried; §l] ^-i^, theatricals. 

'm ^ 

3 pg To resist ; to oppose ; to 
tci'ig ward off. 

From -^ tang^, must. Hence §-|- ta)ig\ 
a bell. 



From Jg^ p^ih, ])artiiil. Hence ^ ptA, 
quiet; g|] /////., to burst fortli ; ^- ^^/i'', to 
compare ; ^ //i7i, to split ; ^ ^^'^'^j ^ P^^"" 
tition : |^ pi/i, a gem. 

I tjj to break ])read. 

I H^ to break olf ; to break open. 

ju^ To carry on the shoulder 
cite ^^y ^^^ person. 'Jo take 
tan responsibility ; to under- 

take ; to sustain. Read 
tan*. A burden; a load. 

From ;^ chcni^, to oversee. Hence !@ 
c/ian,\ to look ; fj| ch'(in\ saddle flaps; f§ 
ien^, the eaves. 

[ ^ to bear ; to take responsibility. 
I ^ a load. 

I ^ to bear sorrow ; to be grieved. 
I ^^ to carry. 

I '^ /^ Jl5 unable to bear — as responsi- 
bility. 

^y% To squeeze ; to press. 
iong 

From. ^ iong^, to he harmonious. 
Hence ^ tong^, to bank uf). 

[ ^ to crowd ; to thron^ir. 
I J2 ^ to crowd forward. 



Ueh 



To select ; to pick out. 



From ^ ih. to spy out. Hence |^ iVi, 
to interpret; ^ ih, a courier; ^ lA; to 
explain. 



po/i 



To break ; to open. 



c jyiv To grasp ; to manage. To 
ta'do exercise. 

From ^ sao*, tlie hum of voices. 
Hence ^j^ tsao'^, dry ; Q;^. soo^ foul ; \^ 
tsa6\ to bathe ; |^ ^6^ao', hasty. 



95 



^ G4 



VOCABLILAllY. 



13—17 



y^, To strike ; to Hog. 

tak 
Prom j^ tah, to succeed. 

J^ibi To move ; to sliake. 

}ia)i 
From 1^ /;a7i^, to move. Hence ^ han^^ 
vexed at. Cumpare ^ huh, to delude. 



To scour ; to clean ; to 
tsah rub in. 

'From ^ cJt'ah, to examiue. 
I ^ to nil) clean. 
I ^l to wipe dr}'. 

cj^ f To carry between two or 
-l^ ( more persons. To raise. 

t \d 
From ^ i'ai^, a stage. Compare ^ 
iVi, one. 

I ^ to carry ; carrying-. 
I iH ^v to carry out. 

if 



*tl^J) To place ; to pnt. To 

kuk delay ; to hinder. To 

run aground, as a ship. 

From ^ hjh, a liall. 

I T ^ stranded ; to stick in shallow 

water. 

^^ To strike. 

From ^ Iclh, to attack. Distinguish 
^ hd\ to let down. 

JT^ To determine ; to decide. 
i 
From ^ i-, to doubt. Hence JH 
ning"^, to congeal ; ;|^ iu\ to hinder ; tj^ 
c}t'i\ stupid. 
J ;£ to decide. 



jB^ ^^ place; to spread; to 
set in order. 



pub 



From H 2>«^ to rest. Compare |f| 
neng'^, able. 

I tS ^"^ spread a meal. 

I _t 'is to put wine on the table. 



';, To cast ; to pitch ; to re- 
ch'ifi ject. 

From 15 chen*, name of a State. Hence 
i^) chih, irresolute. 



t 



^ To disturb ; to annoy. 
rao 

From ^ i"\ sorrowful. Hence 
iii^, plenty; |§ iii^, a harrow. 

I ^ to disturb ; to give trouble. 
j ^ to annoy ; to vex. 



J^ To srpieeze ; to press ; to 
tal crowd. 

From ^ t.s^l:^^ even. Hence '^ fsi\ to 
aid ; ^ ts r, the navel ; ^-j] tai'', a dose. 



j^^ I To lead by the hand ; to 
Q^^ ^ t^"-^^^ with. 

From -^ /i.si^, name of a bird. 
I ^ to lead by the hand. 

^m To hinder ; to obstruct. 

kilt, 

From ^ lav'^, reckless. Hence ^ 
lan\ decayed; -^ lair, billows; ^^ lair, 
a railing ; Hj lair, an orchid. 

I PI to obstruct. 

j f^ to stop — as a way. 



96 



17— -J 1 



V0CA]5ULARY. 



^ 64 



}ii To collect. To grasp. To 
lo)ig act. 

From 11 Io)i(r, a dragon. Hence ^ 
l(wf, to grind • [^ lonf, a liiilter; f| 
lomj\ donf; || lung-, n cage; ^ lo)i(/'\ 
a bole ; P]j| /ony", the throat. 

I J^'M "^ ^^ ^^'^'^"^^ (^^^^ ^^^^^ ^^^^ ^^^^ 
])ay. 

c"}^ To mix Avitli ; to blend. 
c/t'an To support ; to sustain. 

From ^ ch'o)i\ artful. Hence ^ 
/.s'a>r^ to blander; |^ ti^'ar, just uow. 

I ^ to lllLX. 

5^ To stir up to evil ; to urge. 
tti'uan 
From ^ ii-'ur?;?-*, to skulk. 
I ^ to excite to evil. 

iMi To stir lip. To disturb ; 
kiao to annoy ; to trouble. 

From ^ Jcioh, to perceive. Compare 
^ A.vio//, lo study. 

I HJ) to distinl). 

I 3S to c:tvc troulile. 

I ^ to stir up a row. 

j^^ To grasp ; to seize. To 
Uui monopolise. 



mm II 



/n)i-^, to look at. Hence 



Idu'-^, the ulive tree ; |^ /an*, a Lawser. 
The 65th Kadical. 

c^Zm A branch. Descendants. 
cJd To pay out. 

Hence j^ cJd^, a branch; ||| clui'^, a 
•U'ing; ]3^ (7/t2\ the limbs. 

1 JM '^ tribe. 

j f^ to pay iu advance. 



The 6Gth IIadical. 






to tap. 



Hence ^ 7?iM/i, a shepherd ; ^ sZ/cs^ 
to forgive. 

T 0- I To receive ; to gather to- 
S^ f gether; to collect; to 

J|^ I put away ; to close. 

s/teo 
From j4 kiu^, a vine. 
I ^ liarvest. 
I ^ to confine in jail. 
I ^ to prepare a corpse for burial. 
I §^ to gather iu the harvest. 
I f^ to receive taxes. 
I ^ to detain ; to harbour. 
f :^ to lay by ; to put aside. 
I ^ to gather up and bury. 
I IhI to take back. 
I 3f|^ to receive ; to accept. 
I ^ to store up. 
I 1% to clear away after a meal. 
I t^ ^ ^ to gather together. 

^\ To alter ; to change. To 
Jcai correct. To repent ; to 

reform. 

From £, hP, self. Hence fiJ ki^, to 
remember; ^ kP, to record; ,^, ki*, 
dread ; ^ji p'ei\ worthy. 

I ^ to change ; to alter. 

I j^ to reform. 

I f^ to change. 

I ^ 5^ f^ to change appearance ; to ba 

transfigured. 
I B ?f A^ to come on another day. 



97 



^ 66 



VOCABULARY. 



3—7 



c'^iiC To attack ; to assault. 
kong To apply oneself to. 

From X ^>ong^, labour. Hence J^ 
long^, meritorious; ^ Izang^, to carry; 
;J:I Itang^, a pole ; ^ haitg^, a river ; ^ 
kong'^, tribute ; ^X ^i-oiu/, red. Distinguish 
Jfj ^vjwgfi, merit. 

I ^J to attack ; to figlit against. 

I ^ to attack ; to besiege. 

I "^ to overcome ; to vanquish. 

f ^ to carry by assault. 

I 5§ to drive back ; to rout. 

Jjj^ To loosen ; to let go ; to 

fang liberate. To place. 

From ij fang^, square. Hence ^ fang^, 
to enquire ; ^ fanf, a room ; ^^ fcmg^, 
a neighbourhood. Compare j^ u\ in; at; 
j|g ski^^ to use. 

I ^ to leave go ; hands off ! 
[ i(^ to make the miud easy ; to cease 

to be anxious. 
I % to emit light ; to shine. 
I "f loosened ; let go ! 
1 M to grow bold ; to pluck np courage. 
J ^ to liberate living creatures— as 
birds or fish, as an act of merit. 
I ^ to loan. 
I ^ to tend sheep. 
I #1 to loosen ; to relax. 
I ^ to be disorderly in conduct ; to be 

rude. 
I W to give the reins to ; to allow to 

run wild. 
f ^ to be profligate. 
I "^ to loosen. 

I ft to give drink to ; to water cattle. 
I ^f 6^ a keeper of pigs. 
I ^ 6^ ^ set times for receiving com- 
plaints at law courts ; 
in China on the 3rd 
and 8th of the month. 



iiX. Government ; administra- 
chtiug tion of political afhiirs. 
To rule. 

From J£ che»g^, correct. Hence ^ 
cheug^, the whole of; fj£ cheng^. to sul)- 
jugate; ^ cheiig^j a disease; ^ c/ieng\ 
evidence. 

B%. A reason. Consequently. 
fsio Intentional, Old ; an- 

cient. To die. 

From -^ ki'^, ancient. Compare ^J^ 
kn^, a drum; {^ tso*, to do ; ^ ku^, lo 
buy. 

I ]j^ on this account ; therefore. 
I M of purpose ; with intent. 



%t 



To imitate. Efficacy ; 

result ; effects. Used 

with ^J. 

From 30 kiao^, to join. Hence ^ 

Mao^j a frontier; ^ hsiao^, to imitate; 

^ kiao^, clear; J|c klao\ crafty ; fjc ^'«''^ 

to strangle. 

I J'^ to imitate ; to follow the example of. 
j 1^. result ; fulfilment ; efficacy. 

To teach ; to instruct. A 
religion; sects; doctrines. 
^|v To command. To cause. 
^^X To allow. Sign of the 
^iiao passive. Often inter- 

changed with P^ hlao^. 
Also read kiao^. 

From ^ hsiac 
hsiao^, to imitate ; 
kiao^, yeast. 

[ f I| to teach ; instruction. 
[ -^ the church. 

I 5?j^ outside the clmrch ; the " world." 

j gjjj an evangelist ; a religious teacher ; 

a Protestant missionary. 



filial. Hence ^ 
I h^iao^. to roar ; ^ 



98 



7—13 



VOCABULARY. 



:£ GG 



I p^ ;i sect ; a school of pliilosophy. 
I J^ to educate. 
I ^ Cifl ii lawyer. 



Tc 



Defeat. 



y\/\, xo rum. 

From ^ i^ei"*, precious. Hence -^/ti^ 
to bear. 

I ^ iu reduced circumstauces; defeated. 
I ^ ruined ; to corrupt. 



To save ; to cleUvcr ; to 
khi aid. 

From ^^ like-, to implore. 
I -^ the Saviour. 
I |fr to save the world. 
I ^ to redeem ; to effect redemption. 
I ?S ^^ %'i\.yQ. alive. 
I 1^ to save and protect. 
I 'wT ^** ^^'^'^'^ lif^ ; l^slp ! help ! 
I '^^ to aid ; to relieve with money or 

food. 
I yy^ to uplift ; to rescue. 
I {11 ^ to save out of. 
I 'f!t i;ir to save life. 



To dare: to venture; to 
/.<i't presume. 

From 15 rr', the ear. Henoe ^ /.-a/i", 
au olive. Compare J^ i.y'a'', to take. 

-y-jL.) To scatter; to disperse. 
I^X I'fiad ,sa;6l To fall to 
6Y/U pieces. A medicinal 

powder. 

From '^ sih, formerly. Hence ^ saJi, 
to sow. 

I gg to scatter. 

I "Ml to scatter : to distribute. 

I >fi scattered. 



t^JL To reverence ; to respect ; 
^^i-'H/ to honour. 
From ^ ho^, if. Hence j^ ^-i/i^f^ to 
trouble. 

I ^ to fear ; to venerate. 

[ ;g to respect. 

I I? to worship with reverence. 

I 'jS to be respectful; careful; watchful. 

J jjg to acquiesce in respectfully ; to obey. 

^0^ To count"; to estimate. 

6w Eead su'^. A number ; 

several; some. 

From ^ leo^, empty. Hence ^M leo^, 
a storey ; fg leo^, to embrace. 
I g the amount. 
I ^ ^ to count and see. 
I >§, T counted ; numbered. 

'-'^SC ^^ P^^^ i^ order. To re- 
J^ pair. To reform. The 
Cheng ^.|^^^|g^ 

From J^ shiih, to control ; and JE 
cheng^, correct. 

I ^ to arrange. 

I Jg to put to rights ; to put in order. 



.) To oppose ; to be a match 
tih for. An opponent ; an 

enemy. 

From "i^ tih, a base. Plence jg sh'ih, 
to reach; fg tseh, to pick; ^^ tih, a 
wife ; f[^ it/i, a drop. 
I ^ {^ ® unable to make headway 
against the wind. 

^ To gather ; to collect ; to 
lien accumulate. 

From -^ /.s'xV?i\ all. Hence ^ ts'ien^, 
slips ; f^ kien^, to restrain ; f|^ kien^, 
count ; ^ /('/■^«"', frugal ; ^ ie?i*, to verify. 
Distinguish ^ han<j\ to desire. 



99 



^ OG 



VOCABULARY. 



14 



.^ 



^§ To die a violent death; 
2?% to kill. 

Trom 3EE ^''^ to die; and |j|^ 2'i\ 
broken. Hence ^ p^^ to screen ; ^ pt\ 
deteriorated ; ^ pieh, to cast away. 

The 67th Radical. 

Literature; literary accom- 
plishments. Elegant. 
Streaks; lines. Civil 
as opposed to military. 
N. A. 
Hence f^ nen"^, a line; ^ ucn'^, disor- 
derly ; ^^ lien'-, a mosquito. 
( ^ characters ; writing. 
I @ the literary style. 
I "g* a civil magistrate. 
I § an official despatch. 

The 68th Radical. 

^ A bushel = 10 pints {J\). 
ieo 
Hence |^ liao'^, to call ; ^j[ Jco^, a 
rank ; 'j^3j. ieo^ to shake. 
I 1& T iiiider a bushel. 

V^^P Materials ; ingredients ; 
^l provender. To estimate ; 

^^"'^ to arrange. 

From 7{t ??i^^ uncooked rice. 
J g| to arruuge. 

c]^'l To consider ; to reflect ; to 
chen deliberate. To pour out. 

From :^ slien^^ wliat? Hence ^ Jiun^, 
able to ; ^ /c'an*, to investigate. 
I l^ to deliberate. 

The 69th Radical. 



.n 



A pound ; a " catty "= 1^ 
lbs. avoirdupois, or 
GO 4. 5 3 grammes. An 
axe. 



Hence ]^ so^, that which ; |J^ cheh, to 
break ; fjf )t'r, to pray ; j^ ^//i.*, near. 

j :!|f: a pound and a half. 

/P ) To upbraid ; to scold. To 
ch'ih drive out. 

From > h>ll^ a spot. Hence ^ itieJi, 
to break up ; |^, su^, to tell. 

y^ An axe. 

/'^ 
From ^ /«*, father. Hence ^ /«^ a 
cauldron. 

I ■^ an axe. 



M 



New. Recent. Fresh. 



From ^ c/i^><b ^ filbert. Distinguish 
^ ^6-'i?i.\ intimate. 

I j^ the Xew Testament. 

I % a bridegroom. 

I ^ news ; intelligence. 

I j£ near to ; adjacent ; recent. 

I ;j|j new cloth. 



ir 



To behead ; to cut asunder. 
cUan 
From '^ clict^, a carriage. Hence ^ 
chan'^, for a time. 
I "M" to behead. 



m 



This ; these ; thus. 



From iJL h'i-, ?. demonstrative pronoun. 
Hence $pf .s/, to reud. Distinguisli ^ Ic 't\ 
a period. 

To stop. To cut off. To 
decitle. An emphatic 
particle. 

From ^ /a\ continuous. Compare ^ 
^i', to connect. 



tuaii 



lOO 



4—: 



VOCVr.ULAKY. 



ij :o 



I ^ to stop breath — to die. 

I ^ to deckle a niattei' ; to judge. 

I "f broken. 

I ^g ])r()keii oil'; cut oil" from. 

I ^ decided. 

I "/(* Hfa iiiii)ossi])le ; cauiiot Le on any 

account. 
I ^ -^ certainly not. 

I lif --7 pT ^^' "^'^•''' '^"^ ^^^' ' perfectly 
inadniissahle. 

I ^ /jf^ lb "'ii "'> consideration. 

The TOtii Eadical. 

c x7 Square. A place. A plan. 
fang Then. A prescription. 

Hence ^ faiu/, like; ^ f">'ii^, a 
house; '^ f<iii//\ to loose; ^ fanj/, to 
enquire; j^ fang\ a ueighbuuihuod. 
I ^ a device. 
I fli convenient. 
I .^ j"st ; just now. 
I fp a Financial Commissioner or Lieut- 
enant Governor. 
I -g" local dialect. 

I IE ^'l"!'i"e iiu*l upright — of moral cha- 
racter. 

I ^ '• the scpiare boat " — the Ark. 
^ - In. At. By. On. 



k! 



Said to he from j^ niao^, a bird (con- 
tracted). Compare l^fany^, to liberate. 
I ^ then ; thereupon. 

-hk^ To l)estow. To act. To 
c/nfi( do. Used to strengthen 

*'^'^ the verb it precedes, 

rroni ^ /^, a mountaineer, 
I B& to baptize. 
I ^ to do tdms. 



I M ^" Oj)en ; to bestow. 
I ^f to act. 

i>^ ^^y ■flie side of. Near. 
P<""J Interchanged with ff . 

Ii(>nce tf ;ja»,7^ a li^t ; |f ^n///^', to 
slander. (juni[)are ^ U'^, a ruler. 

I 'M ^^Y *^ie side of. 



IS 



A .finest ; a stranger. A 



From Jig p'ai"', to branch oil". Distin- 
guish from the following character. 



o A clan ; a tribe. Also 
tmdi read ts (lit. 

From ^ a/if, an arrow. Hence §J^ 
sve//'*, to turn on a lathe. 

I If a clan register ; a, genealogical table. 
I H^ a tribe ; a clan ; a class. 

The 71st Eadical. 
cyt Without. A neo-ative. 

II 
Compare ^ ua)irj\ lame. 



WL Since; when. To fin is] i. 

/ci 
From ^ pch, wliitp; and [^ ])i^, a 
ladle. Hence §£ /:«<*, all. 
I ^ since it is so; seeing that. 
I fill ^vhereas ; this being the case. 
The :2xd Radical. 

M J The sun. A day. 
r'lh 

Hence JE|_ faJi"^, sunrise; ^ cJice'^'. a 
personal pronoun ; flij ,tit/i\ in the midst. 
I |_g the sun. 
I ^ a (lay. 

I M 'iaily advancement ; to improve. 
I .^sunset. 
I ^ M ^ !^un, moon and stars. 



]ni 



VOCABULARY. 



C t^ 

pl An Imperial Decree. A 
ck'i purpose. Purport ; drift. 

From [^ pi-', a ladle. Ht^nce ^ dtP, 
to point oui; % cWang-, to tu:5le. 

I "M- ^^^^ '■> decree. 



'-^ Ea 



^arly. Soon ; beforehand ; 
tsao previous. 

From -f" sliih, ten. Heuce "^ t.iao^, 
yrass ; ^ choh, gfand. 

I £. ^ good while ago. 
I j^ early morning. 
I $jl breakfast. 



h.>ii 1)1 



A period of ten days. 



From ^ pao^, to wrap. Hence ^ 
hsfdn-, to f(ill(»w ; ^ sunn^, bamboo 
sprouts ; |p] hsuiu'^, to inquire. 

PiL To prosper; to increase. 
■uarig Prosperous; brilliant. 

From 2 iiant/'^, a prince. Hence ;j;J 
iiavg^, in vain ; -J'^ iiaiiy^, to gaze. 

cty} Briolit ; clenr; intelligeut. 
'miiig To understand. 

From J] U'h, the moon. Compare ^ 
jyeng^, a triend. 

I 1^ to understand. 

I 5c to-morrow. 

I ^ in the light ; openly. 

I to-morrow. 

I g| clearly manifest ; evident. 

I ^ perspicuous ; to understand tho- 
roughly. 

I H a clear mirror. 

I 3^ intelligent. 

I |§ clear evidence. 

I M luorning star. 



j ^ clear ; bright. 
I ^ clear ; evident. 

f ^ Dusk ; dark. Confused ; 
huoi stupid. 

From j5 sJu'^j a surname. Hence ;^§ 
hueii^, to mai-ry. 
I Pf late ; dark. 
I :^ indistinct vision ; specks before 

the eyes. 
I #, dark. 

j j^ unconscious ; confused. 
I W< H ^ <^^^i"k ; confused. 

c^P To rise. Lofty. 
ai'g 
From P\\ aug"\ high. Hence ^ Uauq,^ 
to lixdc up; jfg t"^'", to receive; ^p t/i, to 
jiress down. 
I g^ to lift up the head. 

cX^ ^^^ elder brother. Insects. 
k'iiea Used with ^^. 

From J;[^ p;'^, to compare with. Hence 
|g lcnen\ a club; ^ /o'ue?i\ insects ; i;^ 
hueu^, turbid. 

I B, insects. 



To ascend. Peaceful. 

.she 1 1(7 
From 5t shevg^, to rise. 
j Jl to ascend to heaven. 

^Ff Easy. ReadzVi. To change. 

From ^ 7//;, not. Hence glj ^'//i, to 
pick out:; l^ fik, to kick ; f^ .s(/i, pewter; 
'1^ ^'i7i, to res[)ect ; |l§ /i^'r, to bestow. 

fE| ) Formerly ; of old. 

sih 
Hence '{§ si7(, to pity ; f^ tsie\ to bor- 
row ; fg /..s'h\ to adjust; ^,| ^b•'o^ wrong; 
III /;6''a% vinegar; SFj i5*''/o/t; a magpie. 



102 



5— S 



VOCAIU'LARV 



B 72 



P pj Yesterday ; lately. 
taoh 
From '^ cha*, sudden. Hi ncp f^ f/^oli., 
to luiike; ^^ cha*, to deceive; jf,^ chah, 
to fry. 

I B yostonhiy. 
I ^ last iiio-ht. 

aE Yes. Pti-lit. The verb 
shi to be. This ; that. 

From 7E p't//, '1 roll of clotli. Hence 
^ cJi'P, a key ; t^ t' i'\ to raise ; ig ti^, a 
dyke. 

I fi^ yes ; rio-lit. 

I 1^ yes and no ; riglit and wrong. 
I T yes ; it is so, 
I Z' J| isn't it so ? 

I If^ *& *& the power of distiugnisliing 
right from wrong. 

f ^^^ Stars ; planets. A spark. 
sing 
From ^ seny^, to beget. HeTice ^ 
s?«r/^, to awake,; |g si?ic/\ raucid; |^ 
teng^, a money steelyard, 

I ^ stars ; heavenly bodies. 
I ^ stars ; planets. 



0*' 



Obscure : dark. 



From ^ tiei*, not yet. Hence ^ nei^, 
taste; ^ w/ei*, a younger sister. Compare 
\^ mo/t, froth. 



I ^ time. 

I '{^ constantly ; often. 

[ 5^ time ; opportnuity, 

I ^"Ij time ; at once. 



|Pj Noon ; mid-day. 

ahdi/g 

Fiom [pj Jisianff*, towards. Hence ^J 
/isiang^, rations. 

[ ^ noon. 



Eveninnr ; late. A 



junior. 



M 



Time. A season ; a period. 



s/ii 



From •^ si\ a mosque. Hence f^ 
shV, to wait; f^ tai'^, to treat; ^ t'eh, 
on purpose; ^ ?'e«^^ to wait; || s/ii^ 
poetry ; ^ c/i'i ^ to grasp. 

[ ^time. 

I ^ a Chinese hour ; two English hours. 



From U 7111671^, to reinit. Hence ^ 
im?i^, to restore ; ^ inloi^, to force. 

I Jt the evening, 

I T late. 

[ ^ evening meal ; the Lord's Supper. 

(J^^ Daybreak ; morning. 
ciie)i 

From ^ cli/eir, time. Hence '^ cZ/g;;*, 
to shake; J^ alLiteir, the lips; |^ t7/6'^i*, 
to relieve. 

[ ^ the morning star ; Orion. 

Daytime ; daylight. 
cheo 

From ^ //Ji, a pencil ; and — ?7i, one. 
Distinguish ^ .s7i.tt\ a book; and ^ 
/i^tt'*, to sketch. 

I 1^ day and night. 

^ General ; universal ; every- 
i^'/f where. All. 

From 3fe ;"■n^^ also. Distinguish ^ 
isfji*, to increase. 

I BB to illimiiuate all things. 
I 3'C T ^1^ under heaven — the whole 
empire ; the world. 



103 



H 72 



VOCABULARY. 



8—19 



f^P Crystal; pebble. Bright. 
From ri/i, the sun, (repeated.) 

-^ AVisdom; knowledge. 
cJi'i 
Frora ^0 <^'''^\ ^'•^ know. Hence ^ 
c//"?\ stupid ; ikjl/ c//z\ a spider. 
I ^ wisdom. 

(Pl^ A clear sky. 
ta'ivg 
From ^ i.s-'/nr/\ blue. Hence 0^ tsing^, 
ihet^ye; |f| i5.s/NyS tine; 3^ td)iti\ quiet; 
•^ ^s-'/?/r/\ pure ; "f^ tts'luf, feehngs ; %% 
Wing'-^, lo request. 

^^\ Prospects ; circumstances. 
Jdn(/ A view. 

From ;;^ kiiif/, metropolis. Hence ^ 



?)).v , a 



shadow. 



I ^ affairs in general ; circumstances. 



II- 



H Dark. Late. Secret. 
n 

id. Hence If cni^ 



From ^ Ui^, a souuc 
skilled ill. 

I ^ a secret sign ; a pass word. 
I ^ obscure. 

I 1^ stupid ; obtuse ; dense. 
I Hg 6^ secretly. 

^§ The beat of summer. 

From ^ f/ts"', a pronoun. 
J Ms very hot. 



(fJ 



Joyful. Pleasant. Clear. 
c/i\iJig 
From ^ s/ien^, to state ; and remaind- 
er of ^ td'ig^, to open out. Hence j^ 
cli'avg^, an arena; fi§ cJi'avg'^, iutestiues ; 
^ t«//^*, to publish. 



1 1^ pleased ; happv. 
I 5l 

PI For a time ; shortly ; 
chaii meanwhile. 

From i|/f chan^, to behead. Hence ^ 
tsan'^, to cut out. 

I J}^ for the time being. 

I ii fur a short time. 

I -^ to reside for a time. 

( ^ to lodge temporarily. 

MtC T'^ know ; to understand. 
hsiao To make known. Dawn. 

From ^ iao^, eminent. Hence ^rao\ 
to go round; ^ ra(,'^, to forgive; f^ 
^tao\ to pour over ; j^ s/iao^, to burn. 

I 1^- to know. 
I ft to proclaim. 



Cruel ; passionate. 



2)ao 



From ^ /.•o?2<7\ to respect. Hence i^ 
jiau*, to scurch ; D^ 2-^ao^, tierce heat. 

I j^ a fierce wind. 
I ^ hatred ; malice. 

IIJ^ A desert ; a wilderness. 
k'uang 

From ^ kuavg^, wide. Hence ^ 
hneug", crosswise. 

I ^ wilderness. 



JKP 



-, > To dry in the sun. 



shai 



From ^ /?■*, beautiful. Hence ^ sa^ 
to sprinkle; i| li\ a bird. 



104 



2—9 



VOCABULARY. 



73 



The 73nD Ivadical. 

pl, To speak. 

iiek 
Ilence "^ tone/, the cast; ^ slma't}, to 
decrease. 

) Crooked. False. Songs. 
liiih 
Hence ffft niih, barm; J)^ ^ioi^, a statute. 



To ckange; to alter. A 
ktng night watch. 'Read keng*. 
More ; much more ; still. 
Hence JH pien^, convenient. 
I ^ to alter. 
I JJH to add more. 
} ^ to effect a change. 
I ^ much greater 
I ^ T iiii^^^li more. 



I 12 already. 

I ^ ^ I have already seen it. 

^I^X Very ; exceedingly. 

ttiiii 

From "^ ts-ii^, to select. Hence '^ tsoh, 
to gather up. 

I ^1^ extremely great. 
I ^highest. 
I >J^ smallest. 
I ^ M i^^ost important. 
-/^^^ 

^ To meet ; to assemble. A 
huei society. To understand. 

Can; able. 

Hence ^ iiei^, aloes; f^ huei^, to 
sketch. Distinguish •^ tse)ig\ already. 
I $^ a club ; a guildhall. 
I % to meet face to face. 
I ^ ^ synagogue ; a meeting house. 



( f^ Books; writings. To write. 

From ^ iuh, a pencil. Compare ^ 
/i-ua^ to draw. 

f _t in a book. 

I ^ a letter ; an epistle. 

I ^ books ; rolls. 

M For ; instead of ; in place 
^'i of. To substitute. 

From ^ /(t\ a sage. 

I IE f^ workman who fills another's place. 

I A 5E to (lie for men. 

I A Ki IP to expiate sin for men. 

< ^ Already ; past. 
tsotg 

Hence if tw»^7i, to add ; ^| /.sv^;/r/'. to 
confer; ^ /6-'e>/^-, a layer. DisLiuguish 
^ Zif^ei', to meet. 



The 74th Radical. 



n. 



The moon ; a month. 



lie/i 



Hence 03 niing^, clear. Compare ^ 
ru/i, flesh. 
I ^ the moou. 
I /S the end of the month. 
I ^ mouths ; by the mouth. 
I ^ the first of the month. 

<:•^^ To liave. There is; there 
rJ are ; there was ; there 

"'^ were. 

Hence |§ hiiei'^, to bribe. 
I i\^ I have ; there is. 
I ^ to be engaged. 
1 pU limited. 
I f^, an overplus. 

I tx ^ 1^''^'^ y^'' (■'»}') or not ? ; 

is it here ? 



105 



n :4 



VOCABULARY. 



4—8 



I ^ Cl^ profitable. 

I li 6^ liappy ; blessed. 

I fpj fe[j ^bcit does it matter ? 

I ?§ ^ M h'^^'i^o abundant evidence, 

j M /fg jg all in common. 

• I IH i^ liaviDg a perseyering disposi- 
tion ; persevering. 



clear. 



A friend ; an acnuiJutance 
^yeng a companion. 
From J^ iieh, the moon. Hence ||][ 
2>'eiiff'\ a shed ; B^ miug^ 
] ^ a friend. 



jiUi 



To serve ; to submit. 
Clothes ; mourning garb. 
A dose of medicine. 

From ^ fuh, to govern. Compare fg 
^ao^, to requite j (^ kia?, false. 

I ^ to serve. 

I ^ to render service. 



Tlie first day of the moon. 
shoh 

From ^ nih, disobedient. Hence |g 
Sit'*, to mould ; ^ Sit^, to trace out. 

-P. To expect; to hope. To 
uang look towards. The 15th 
of the month. 

From 2 uang", a prince ; and [^ uang-, 
to die. 

\ Jl to look up to heaven. 

I ^ to look for rain. 

I ^ looking towards. 

I Ml gazing ; to look at. 

I ^ to look at. 

I ^ to look into space ; vain hopes. 






A period. 
Id ', a year. 



Used with ^ 



From :^k'i-, he. Hence Sjf.f/^ this; 
fl^ ^'t', to'chent; ]^ k'i-, a flug; ^ ^i^, 
a dust pan ; ^ /;/, a. foundation. 

c-^J The Court. A dynasty. 

c/i'ao Towards. Read c]iao\ 

Morning ; the dawn. 

From |\ Ican^, sunrise (contracted). 

Hence }|^ cWao", the tide ; P^ ch'iw", to 

jest ; J|g miao^, a temple. 

I /}g court dress. 
I W ^b toward the north west. 
The 75th Radical. 

-^^j Wood ; timber. 
viuJi 
Hence ^ k'uen'^, tired ; ^ i.S'i7/, to as- 
semble. Compare ^ //0-, grain ; y^ mi^, 
rice; ^ pie«^ to separate; ;$;;jen^ a root. 
I BM. vrood ; timber. 
I l£ a carpenter. 
I faj " wooden dogs " — the stocks. 



t^. 



The end ; finally. 
onoh site of TJS. 
From — iVi, one. Hence -J^^ i 
foam ; ^ 7?io/i, to rub. Distinguish 
uei^, not yet. 

I the last day. 

J ^ afterwards. 

I -01 the lowest scat. 

[ j^ the last age. 

[ the final occasion. 

j ^ "J* finally ; in the end. 



Oppo- 
noh. 



% 



%. W^ 



Root ; source ; origin. N. A. 
:ps?i Essential. Mv ; our ; I. 

This. 
From — ih, one. Hence 
stupid ; i|: j9o/i, a priest's bowl. 
I ^ originally. 
J Ei <^'tie's country. 
I Jfe native ; local. 



106 



1—4 



VOCABULARY. 



/f: 



I ^ the })i'eseut yo;ir. 

I ^ ouc's own lainily. 

I J^ili one's own elan, 

I 7^ aeeordinj^ to. 

I ^ inlierent in : consist in f^ in. 

I % lirst, and last ; essential and mm- 

esseiitial : etc. 

I »[''|^ natnral disjjosition. 

I {i the place originally occupied. 



^ Not yet. From 1-3 p. 



m. 



From — t/i, one. Hencp 5^ uei'^^ fla- 
vour; ^ 7nr/^ a sister: g^ mei^, dark, 
])i.-«tiiiguish ^i; moh, fiiiully. 

I R# l-3,i^ni. 

I j^i uncertain ; imi)roljable ; not neces- 
sarily. 

I ^ lias not ; not yet. 

j 's: not yet ; never. 

I ^ fi-J ^ things in the future, 

I 'i" il ^ij unthought of. 

I il fi-J IS ^"ords left unsaid. 

>^^ A cluster of flowers or 
to fruits ; a bud. N. A. 

From 75 ^'f^i^ i?- Hence i^ to", a 
target; |l] ^o-*, to chop fiue; |^ ^o"', to 
hide away. 

TV Kottcn ; decayed. 



Ui 



From "^ Z:VfrA air. Ilcnce J^ '^''^«'^^ 
skilful; \^ n\ foul. 

I iM ^vorthless ; decayed ; spoilt. 



M Avi 



Hao-e ; a hamlet. 



h uen 



From tJ- ts'nen*, an inch. ITence >\^ 
tsuen^, to reflect; f^/«*, to hand to; \^ 
ta'ai", wealth. Distinguish i^' ts'ai", mu- 
teriuls. 



I ^ a village. 

I |£ a village ; a hamlet. 

I J^ a farmstead. 

IX A staff. To beat. 
chang 

From ^ cJiang\ a measure of tea 
feet. Hence ■j^ chanrf, to fight. 

I 5^ head of a staff. 



JV:) To bind. To controL 

shah 

From p lipo^, a mouth. Hence '^ 
su^, distal! t ; 5^ suk, quick : ]{!^ cJi'ik, 
to order; 'Jf sy/.^'^, fearful; ^ ta'ch, to 
plan. 

I If to bind ; to tie ; to controk 

T_L A cross-bar; a stout car- 
kiiKj vying pole ; poles of a 
bier. Also read kang^. 

^ From X ■koiici\ labour. Hence fX 

iFang^', to carry ; ^ hiaiig^, a river ; -fj^ 

]iO))fi\ red ; ^1 ^7.//^\ a jur; ]&£ /io;/^-', a 
rainbow; ^ /ioiuf, empty. 

c1^ Materials ; stuff. 
tiiai 

From :^ UaT-, talent. Hence |^ 
clear, a wolf; H^ in'al", property; fM 
pi'', to close. Distinguish ^J tn'uen^, u 
village. 

I ^ij- materials ; character. 
-f^ Plums. Baggage. 

From -^ ^67^, a son. Distinguish ^ 
/;i', a season. 

cJ^ The cast; eastern. A 
to/tg master. 

From H ii'^h, to s])eak. Hence ^ 
fo^'^r', to freeze; ^ dceng^-, to state. 



107 



;fc 



VOCABULARY. 



4—5 



I "i^ things ; articles. 

I ^ the master ; the landlord. 

I ^ the east. 

I i^ W ^t east, south, west and north. 

^^ Certainly ; surely. Used 
^0 for ^ Jco^, fruit. 

From t'ien^, a field. He nee g Ico^', 
to wrap ; ^^ Ico*, an exercise. 

I f^ certainly ; in deed and in truth ; 
if indeed. 

c^X A branch. N. A. 

c/i'i 

From j^ ch'i^, a branch. Hence ^ h'*, 
a harlot; ^ c/i'z\ the hmbs ; i^ /c'/^, 
forked ; ^ cA'z*, wiugs. 



I in 



A forest ; a otovc. 



From 7[C m^t/i, wood. Hence f|jc Z/;/^ 
to drip ; ^ /rt?i2, covetous ; |^ p'^/\ 
simple and elegant ; '^^ liir, a disease ; f| 
/wi^, to rain. 

ii)C Boards; planks; a block. 
2) an 

From ^ /ot'i", to reverse. Hence fj^ 
fan\ cooked rice ; f( /a^«\ to traffic ; ^ 
p'a?i^ to revolt; j^fau^, to turn back. 

, I )^ pieces of plank. 



n 



A pillow. To pillow. 
cheii 

From ^ fu-, walking. Hence gfc 
c/c'e/i-, to sink; ']^ cA'e/r, sincere; ^ 
taji^, to delay. 

I ^ resting on a pillow. 

,1 F^ a pillow. 



T-it In vain. 



To do or suffer 



luiiig 



From 5 nang^, a prince. Hence •J^ 
?irt;/^^, vast ; p_£ tianc/^ vigorous; f^ c/ia*, 
a pillar. 

I ^ useless. 



(t5 Withered ; dried w 



ood. 



/^'w 



From -^ h'L^, ancient. Hence (^ /:?<\ 
to value; j[^ Z;/t\ a girl; ^ Z;i(\ fault; 
"^ Jci-i^, a cause; g) ka*, fiim. 
I ^^ dried up. 

tM A thorn. 

From p^ chV, only. 
I ^ thorns. 

TTv A frame ; a stand. 
kia 

From -fjn hi(0', to add. Hence ^^ kia*, 
the caugue ; |g /;ia*, to ride ; ^ /^o^ to 



congratulate. 

M' A 



pm^ 



handle ; to have con- 
trol of 



From j^ ^in<f, a Stem. Hence '^ 
ping\ disease. 
-, J .- 

cja^ To seek out ; to search 
cJia into. 

From J[ tnu'^, sunrise. Hence -^ cha'- 



dregs. Cc 



^ hsina^ 



g^, an apricot. 



I :^ to search out ; to investigate. 

I fp^ to make official enquiries. 

I fj: ^ to look up in a dictionary. 

I /T til ^ unable to find out. 

cA^ Soft ; yielding ; gentle. 

reo 
From ^ meo", a spear. Hence ||i 
rea^, to knead. 

I fa soft ; gentle. 

I ^ tender — as plants. 

I M, yi'^'lding ; agreeable. 



lOS 



5— G 



VOCABULARY. 



7^. 75 



^yj An okl man's sti 
kuai 



iff. 



From ^ line/, additional. Hence %\\ 
fieh, anoiher ; kuaP, ^^ to decoy ; |]JlJ 
2)ah, eight. 
I j[^ au old niim's staff. 

:^^ A certain person or tiling. 

7iieo 
From -j;!" k(ni\ sweet. ITence |^t ?7iro^ 
to plot; ;^ ??iei^, coal; ^J^ vuti-, a go- 
betweeu. 

I A a certaiu jicrsou. 
I M '^ certain city. 

:?is; A tab'c. A case at law. 

ail 
From ^ r/?i^, rest. ITence |^ a»/*, ac 
cordiiig to; ^ aii^, a saddle; ^ /c/i^, quiet. 
I ^ a tal)le. 



ffi' A pillar 



a post. 



c/iu 



From ^ cJni^, a lord. Hence -^ c/^^t^ 
to gaze; |^ c//'/-*, to dwell; ^j; c/;h\ a 
commentary; ^ chu", to sojuuiu; ^^ 
va)ig\ to go to. 

I 5 base of a pillar ; a 2>liutli. 
I ^ a post. 



km 



A coffin with a corpse in it. 



From C /«>/yb a box; and ^hhi?, a 
long time. 

:?tC To tlye. To affect. 
ran 

From >^ s//;tr, water ; and jl, k'lii;', nine. 

c>}^ Firing ; fuel. 
ch'ai 

From jlt /.s-'P, this. Hence ^ ^--y'-p, 
a fault; fi§ tb-'z^, a moustache; ^ tsV', 
purple ; Jitt /!6"i', a tlaw. 



c1i\ A root. A. beginning. 
km A foundation. N. A. 

From j^ /i;r-u', perverse. Hence Hg 
^•/'c'u', distressing ; ^ /ie?t^, verv ; '\^ hcu-^, 
to liate; J^ /.-e/i*, tu lulluw; ^^^ in'-, silver. 
[ Tji root ; origin. 
I ^ the reason of things. 
I ^ foundations ; basis. 
I jj^, source ; foundation. 
I ^ it S foundations deep and strong. 



cn>jQ To plant ; to care for 
t'-^cil plants. 

Fjom ^ ta'ai-, to wound Hence jsj^ 
tai^, to wear on the head ; ^ ta'al", to 
cut out; ^ iS^aiS calamity. 

I ^ to plant trees. 

I fj to })lant and sow. 

\ fa ^ ^ husbandman. 



I>i> A length; a section. A 
t^iao branch; a twig. N. A. 

From {l^ iii^, tliat which. Compare ^ 
siu^, to retorm ; fl^ sit(}, salary. 

I M rules. 
I ^J laws. 
I ^ regulations ; rules. 



c^i^ The mnlberry^ tree. 

sang 

From ^ roh, united. Hence ^^ samj"^, 
a stone base. 
I ^ the mulberry tree. 



The cassia or cinnamon 
kacl tree. 

From ^ ktiei^, a gem sceptre. Hence 
{^kia^, beautiful; |;^ /tftr^'', to liang up; 
^ kuei^, a young woman; ^ tta^, a 
babv ; ^1; ^vVti'^, a street; ^ /(,7ta"*, to 
think on. 



109 



;=fc To 



VOCABULARY. 



7— S 



>rHJ A bucket. 

fong 
From i^ iong^, to hurst forth. Hence 
?S ^'<^"I/^ ''"i M ^'^'"/y bubbling up. 



Weapons ; arms. 



klal 



"From 5^ /;mi4, to be careful. Compare 
r /o'ai^, a precept. 



ctJIL 'i'c) comlj. A coarse comb. 

From ^ //?r, n cap. Hence ^ /i//-, 
vitreous; ;g| /nr, sulpbur; ^^ .s'»\ 
distant ; ^ //'(", to fiow ; J;^ /('»2^ u crown. 
I g^ to comb the hair. 

c^^ A beam. A bridge. 
lituig 
From:;/ .s//»i^, water ; and ^ rpn\ an 
ed<^ed weapon. Distinguish 'i^ Hang'', 
luillet, 
I -^ l)eams ; timber. 

nfi^ Phims ; prunes. 

From ^- ?»^/^, each. Hence S wer, 
dam]i ; 'j'^- //cer, to repent; -^ <i^, to 

insult. 



A thorn. 



From ;^| shuh, a bundle. 



chok 



A table : a stand. 



From ^ c//o/^ eminent. Hence J^ 
^/ao^, to fall. 

I ^ a table. 

i IS -? tbe top of a table. 

'1^) The extreme point; tbe ut- 
klk most. Extremely; very. 

From g^ kill, haste. 
I jt very ; exceedingly. 
I ^-? extremely good. 



A thorny tree. Strong ; 
k:iig stubborn. 

From "g leng^, to alter. Hence ^ 
2iie)i^, convenient; @ i»y', hard. 

;p^s^ To reject; to cast aside; 
k'i to discard. To abandon. 

Compare ^ iti'i, a leaf. 
I |g to anuul. 
I ^ to reject ; to abandon. 
I Dt ^ ^ to leave the darkness and 

come to the light. 
I W W<M tt> reject the old for the new. 



A tent ; a bootli ; a sbed. 
j/euy An awning. 

From ^ ;)V»//2, friends. Hence |!|§ 
r)'c>ig\ borux ; ^ p<i'ig^) to fall in ruius. 



m 



A numerary adjunct. 



k'o 



From Hi ko\ surely. Hence =^1^ k'o\ a 
lessnn: '^ b>\ fruit ; ^ ^:o^ to wrnp; g^ 
hwL% the ankles; |!^^ /^'c»S the kernel. 

1^ Cudgels. A staff; a stick. 
imiig 

From ^ ./>"//, to offer with both hands. 
Hence ^^ p'eiii/-^, to present; j^ fei'g\ 
stipend. 



Jcueii 



A stick ; a cudgel. 



Fi-om 12) ^'"^"b hrotliers. Hence j;^ 
/i«e/t^ turbid; |^^'jbte/ib insects. 

I J- a stick. 



110 



0—11 



VOCAIUILAKY. 



TfC 



/^ Distressing. Clear ; plain. 
ts'a 
From /E p'^7/, a ro]l of cloth. Compare 
^ /'/;^\ to prohibit ; ^ sh'i^, to be. 

:^^) Possessions ; property. A 
ieh profession, AlrL'atl}^ 

Compare ^ p^uh, a slave; "^jj- tui'^, 
opposite. 

4^ An example. A list of 
2^'iiig successful candidates. 



A kind ; a manner. A 
i'f"// pattern. 

From ^^ iaiig', a sheej) ; and y^ ioiig', 
perpetual. 

[ ^ a, })atteni. 

I J^ model ; plan ; style. 

I ^ "^ '^ there are all sorts. 

y^, Happy ;_ pleased; joy. 
/c/i Iteaxl Loh. Music. 

From ^ prh, white ; and ^ /r/o\ 
immature. Hence ^ ioh, medicine. 



From ^ pauf; the side. Hence ^ Compare ^. pien\ to chan 



p\(mj", by the side of ; gj| ptuxf, to 
revile. 

I i^ au example. 

f^R Glory; splendour; lust- 
iony rous. Honour. 

From ^ <0"^", bright. Compare ^ 
Zao", labour. 

I % briglitness. 

I ii glory. 

I 'i^ splendour ; glory. 

I ^ ^ :K: prosperity ; wealth ; honour. 

(XS ^ spear ; a lance. 

ts'iiuig 

From ^ ts'ang'^, a <3:ranary. Hence fij 
cliuan(/, to create ; If t^iaiig'^, an opium 
pipe. 

^^^) A coucli ; a bed. 

Cak 
From ^ ^'a/i, the sound of wings. 
Hence i|| Cah, to fall in ruins ; £J i'ah, 
to stamp. 



Generally ; for the most 
^'ii part. All. 

From IJ Ai^, since. Hence '||5£ ^-'^i^, 
generous. 



I SI " the pleasure garden " — Paradise. 
I :& willing ; gladly ; cheerfully. 



M 



An upper storey ; a tower. 



leo 



From ^ ha^, to wear. Hence ^ led'\ to 
embrace; ^ /eo^, a basket; ^ /tZ^, often. 
[ ^ an up|>er storey ; a loft. 

c'l ^ A trougli ; a groove. A 
U\lo mano-er. A distillerv. 

o ^ 

From "^ tsarr, a compaii}-. Hence |^ 
tsau^, dregs; j^ tmo^, to meet. 



A mould ; pattern ; style. 



From ^ moh, not. Hence f^ 79?o', to 
feel for; 11^ moli, a tilmy skin ; \^ uioli, 
sandy; ^ vio^, to long for; |^ hiu^ a 
tent ; ^ md^, a grave. 

I la ^ mould. 

I ;f^ a style ; a manner. 



cTtf; a mark ; a be? 



aeon. 



piao 



From ^ p''iao^, a ticket. Hence |^ 
p'iao^, bleached ; H p'iao^, to float ; ^ 
p^iao^, a gourd. 

I 2^ a signal post ; a beacon-pole. 



Ill 



;tc 75 



VOCABULAKY, 



12—1! 



Tolj A tree ; a plant. 
sIlu 
From ^ij sliH^, to place on eud. Compare 
jlj c/i'w,- a kitclien. 
I ||: a grove of trees. 
[ ^ branches of trees. 
I i^ root of a tree. 



An olive. 

kaih 
From ^, kan^, to dare. 
I 1^ olives. 

i^l A loom; a macliinc. Tlie 
In i motive power. Oppor- 

From ^ /«■^ a few. Hence ^ /;;\ 
satire; ^1 ^i^ ^^ obstacle ; |i /'i\ buugry. 
I -§• au opportunity. 
f >^> cunning. 
I ;^ a snare. 



iM Crosswise. Perverse. 
haeng 

From ^ luiang^, yollow. Hence /pj 
huang-, brimstone ; ^ kuaw/, broad. 

1 J^ perverse ; undutiful. 



The palm tree. 



tsong 



From '^ cli'ang'^, fragrant herbs; and 
^ c/ii\ to follow. 
I © t^^c palm tree. 



1 



_'jIIL A cnge ; bars. 
k'au 



From ^ ^ie?/"^, a prison. Hence ^^ 
Zrtn^ a basket; "^ /an", blue; f^ /;:ieM% 
a mirror ; P| ieji^, salt ; ^ /«;i"; to inspect. 



^ 



^ I A cupboard ; a shop 
j:^ ^ counter. 



IB 

kiitn 

From n /'n;7^ a chest ; and ^ kuei^ 
valuable. 



1 



The Chinese olive. 



Ian 



From H /a?i^ to inspect. Hence f^ 
/a;2^, to monopolize ; |^ ^rtM^^ a hawser. 

nife Authority; power. 
k'wiU 

From ;^ hnan"^, a beron. Hence HJj; 
huan^, pleased; ||j[ k'llen^, to exhort. 

^ power. 

]^ power and ability ; authority. 

^ jwwer and influence. 

-)j authority. 

^ to weigh ; to deliberate. 

The TGth Radical. 

A*' 

y\. To owe. Deficient. 

k'ien 

Hence P^ cIi'iiP, to blow; ^ Z;"((/r, to 
cut ; f^ i/^", to drink. 

I M. to owe money. 

I A (l5 \U ^*^ '^'^ i"^ ^^^^^^ ^^ '"^^y *^^^' 

';;y^ The next in order ; second- 
ts'i ary. A time. A series ; 
degree. 

From 7 Pi>'g^> ^° icicle. Hence ^ 
t8"i'\ crockery. Compare fX ''^'"^'^ ^ pit. 

I the next day. 

I 6^1 of second quality. 

I }$ in order. 

I M sequence ; order. 



112 



4—13 



V OCA BL' LAKY, 



% 



j?)c 



K rioascd ; delighted. 

From Jp yt;/i\ ;iu axe. Heuce ^ haien^, 
to lift up. 



I twi [xietry ; verses of song. 
To sin-li. 

n 

t'un 




T-i /"» r 7 u TT «t. • 7 ' ?i''/'r, difficult 

From ^ ^'f//, u valley. Hence ^ lu/i, • 
lust. i I S to sigh 



'fvV, To de.siro; to loD^ for. | From % han\ a phonetic. Plencc ^J| 
iuh Vlso road /<^ ' ^'""'^ Cl.iuese; J^ lctcn\ hardship; H 

", diffic " 
|,tos 

MX 

ha)i 

' From ^ h'{en\ all. Hence B, ^'"^"^ 
i flie face ; ^^ kien\ to restrain ; ^ kien\ 
i f rubral ; M kien\ a rapier ; |^ ien\ to 



To collect. To ask for. 
han Interchanged with Uob* 

^. To ofather. 



;^>A (. To treat well. An item ; 
'^ l^l» ( '^'^ amount. 

From {^ pl^, a spoon; and ^ sAP, an 
"'•'■'>^^'- I frugal; ^|J /■/eM% a rap 

I ^^ to entertain ; to treat cordially. j verify ; ^ tsien^, slips. 

c^JA To cheat ; to impose on ; 
k'l to take advantairc of. 

To oppress. 

From ji lii", him. Hence :f:^ /c'-i®, 
chess : llg ^'i'2, a fixed time ; ^ /o/i, a 
dust-pan ; flff «\ this; ^ /ti^, u full year; 
^ /'i', a foundation. 

I i^ to deceive. 

I i% to insult. 

I ^ to oppress. 

I .Ig to swindle. 

I ^ to hlackguard ; to treat harshly. 

nK, To rest. To desist. 



dm) 

Jill an 
From :^ /i?/a7i*, a heron. Hence \% 
liiicn-, power; jfj i'iien', to exhort. 
I :g pleased with. 
I 1^ pleased ; happy. 
I j^ delighted. 

The 77th Piadical. 

Ill To stop ; to desist. Some- 



da 



times used for 



hfiieh 

From ^ hoh, wliy ? Hi nee ^fj ^-'o/^ to 
thirst; P|j /<o/i, to drink; i^ Jcieh, to ex- 
liausfc ; /cieh, to lift up ; '^j huh, a surname. 
I J, to rest. 



cPJA Songs. To 
/.o 



sniof. 



From ^ /,u\ an elder brother. 
I If to sing poems ; songs. 
I ^ to sing praises. 



Hence "'^ ^'e?l^ wilHoi? ; jglt c//z^ bless- 
ing. Compare J^ shavg^, upon. 
I ^ to cease ; to desist. 
I ,g, to rest ; to give over. 

— j^ > Upright ; true. Correct. 

In. Pure. Orthodox. Exact. 

cheng Principal, Eead chencf. 

The 1st month of the 

year. 

From — ih, one. Hence JE ien'^, to 
d<^'lay ; ^ ien^, a particle ; ^ uai^, awry ; 
^ dicn<-j\ evidence ; 5!^ chcng\ an ailment. 



lis 



Jh '7 



VOCABULARY, 



14 



I ^ the first month. 

I iU j^^^t like ; similar. 

I ^ the correct j^ath ; orthodox way. 

I /lit is just 

I Ht straightforward ; upright. 

I M. -^ I'^P^^table affairs; lawful business. 



'jH: 



This. Here. 



ts'i 
rom ^ pi^, 



From ^ ;5/^, a spoon» Hence ^ ,sre\ 
a few ; ^ A^F, purple ; Jf^ is"z', a defect ; 
31K: ?'6'i\'a flaw. 

I J^ this place ; here. 

I ^h beyond this ; additional. 



^ 



N. A. 



A step. On foot. 
2')u 
From ^J? sZ/ao^, a few. Hence f^ chth, 
to ascend ; ^ s/ie/i, to concern. 
I Jc infantry,. 
[ fj to travel on foot. 



<1^>C Forked;. Divergent. 
^'^ with ^. 



Used 



From ;^ c7i(;\ a branch. Hence ^ 
/lis skilful; ^^ Ici^, peaked; :^ ch'i^, a 
branch; 9j^ c/a^ the limbs; ^f c/i'-i^ the 
"winffs: it /li'S a harlot. 



A year. The harvest. 



From J^ sxih, fulness; 
few. Hence ^ mieh^ 
huei*, dirty. 

I ^age. 



and tjp shao^, a 
to destroy; |i 



j^> To' calculate. The 
^*"/i lendar. In order. 



ca- 



From rhmi\ cliff; and f| /t^, rare. 

I IS lil 3^ through successive genera- 
tions. 

I "te i^ fii ages and generations. 

I ^ fi? 52E to set forth in detail. 



cilj]? To return to ; to revert 
kiiei to. To belong to. 

From |J tui^, a heap ; and ^ cheo^, a 
broom. Hence ^ sad^, to sweep. 
I ^ to follow ; to obey. 
[ jE ^0 revert to purity ; to come back 

to the right way. 
I I& ^o g'i^'e to ; to return to. 
I M to submit to. 
\ ^ to yield to ; to f\ill in with. 
I IHi ^0 return to allegiance ; to attach 

oneself to. 
I 5c "^ ^*^ return to God. 
1 i'J ^ ^ to return to one's native 
place. 

The TSth Radical. 



tai 



Vicious ; depraved ; bad. 



Hence ^ij lieh, to arrange. 

^U To die ; dead. Some- 
6'i times used to form the 

superlative. 

From ^ 2)1^, a spoon. Hence ^ sJn\ a 
corpse. 

I p a capital crime. 

I M place of execution ; place of death. 

I tl to die ; death. 

I g^ dead ; inert. 

I SfO fK ^ to die and rise again. 

cyysi Misfortune ; calamity. 
iauf/ 
From ^ ianr/'^, to entreat. Hence ifi^ 
iavg^, shoots ; ^ ing\ to favour ; ^ 
ing^, brave. 

iy^ To injure ; to spoil ; to 
tn'ciH destroy. To oppress. 



114 



13—14 



VOCABULARY. 



^ 78 



From ^ ^v/e«\ siuiill. Ik-nce f^ 
ts'ien'\ shallow; |^ cV/au"*, a storehouse ; 
III ^/r//!, a note; g^ tf^icii*, to trample; 
^ /.s/e^i', confuctiuiicry ; ^ cAa/i'', a 
shaUow cup. 



(U'uel ; vindictive. 



I ^ to injure ; to (le.stroy. 

I fS, cruel. 

I ij to injure. 

I jl^ maimed ; deformed. 

yjJX T-G dress a corpse. 

lien 
Trom ^ ts'ien'^, all. Hence ;^ //e?i^ to 
collect; ^^^ kien^, to examine; j^ Icieii^, to 
restrain ; ^ /-t'eu^ frugal ; i{^ ten^ to 
verify; J|^ lien'-^, the face. 

y^ To carry to burial. Fu- 
'pli'i uerals. 

From ^ pin^, a guest. Hence -j^ ^J?";i\ 
llie beaclT; ;ft 'pin^, the betel nut; ^f 
jjiii'^, to expel. 

The TOtu Eadical. 

CK^ To kill. 

.,h u. 
Hence ^ inlt, a jailor; |x paji'', like; 
j^ 'j/i((/i, not. 

45c ^ section ; a division. 

tuaa N. A. 

Ht-nce 'j;gj itutu*, to forge; |g f/£r/;«^ 
satin. Compare jll ^/a^ false. 

^rJC) To kill ; to destroy ; to 
i<h(ik nun-der. 

From 7fc vinh, wood. Compare ^;^ 
s/u^, to kill a supciior. 

I ^ to destroy. 

I M to behead. 

I f^ to destroy. 



I 11 death by violence. 

I ^ T extenniuated ; all killed. 



Careful. Abundant. Used 
^'i ^vltll ^. 

I M diligently. 

/ivA A temple ; a palace ; a 
fien hall. 

From P sh'i\ a corpse ; and it kong'^, 
all. Compare the following character. 
I i^ temple buildings. 
I IH -t tl^^' ^■'^*^f of the temple. 

;CX. To ruin ; to destroy ; to 
Jiuei break down. To slander. 

From 13 /cta^, a mortar ; and X kong'^^ 
labour. 

I ^ to deface ; to spoil. 
I Wd to destroy. 
I ^ to defame ; to slander. 

The 80th Radical. 

cT9^ Not ; to deny. 

u 
Compare ^ viu% mother. 



# 



A mother. 
ma 
Hence ^ mci^, each. 
I ^„ a mother. 
I 'if a hen. 
I Ua mother's womb. 

~t^ Each ; every. 
mci 
From A ^'f!>i~, a man. Hence f^ u^, to 
insult ; '|^ hnei, to repent ; f^ Aar, the 
sea ; |^ 9;iei^, a plum. Compare U w", 
not ; -fij: •w(^^ motlier. 
I rfp cvci'y year. 
I '^ (^^ each occasion ; every time. 



115 



80 



VOCABULARY. 



J J'J M ''^^ ^^^^^ recurreuce of the 

festival. 
I ^ -_ ^ to eacli mau a sliare. 

-^:> Poison. Cruel. 
tiiU 
From "^ chu^, a lord. Compare ^ tseh, 
to reprove. 

I 4'E ^ poisonous snake. 
I M, poison ; virus. 
I ^ an ulcer. 
I iuj a poisonous liook. 
I j^ a root of Litterness. 

The 81st Radical. 

JlQ To compare witb. Than. 
pi 
Hence ^||^ p"/i, to copy; Jfig x>i\ to 
protect; jE^ ts"i\ this. Distiuguish it \ 
pe//, north. 

( 1^ a comparison ; an illustration, 
I -j^ for instance. 
I in suppose ; for instance. 
I ^^ to comp)are. 
I ^ J:i ^*^t to be compared with ; 

inferior to. 
I 1ilL :^\ greater than he. 

The 82nd Radical. 

C^Cj. The hair of an animal; 
■tnao fur. 

Hence J^ uei^, a tail , f^ ^'"<'^ ^^ 
Fquander. 

I ^^ a fnulfc ; a defect; a disease. 
I ;j]j sackcloth. 

-^^ The ten-thonsanclth part 
i-^i^ of an ounce (M). An atom. 
kuo ^ superlative. 

Compnre ,j^^ lianc/, bright; "^ henrj", 
jf.iccessful ; !^ hsianc/, to enjoy. 
I ^ ^ ^ Jiot the least wrong. 
I ^^ HI ii^ without the slightest power. 



The 83kd IIadical. 

J^ A family. A v/oman's 
^li^i maiden name. 

Hence -^ lute)?, dusk. (Joinpnre ^ tl^, 
to hend : fS ti'^, the bottom. Distiniiuish 



mnr, people. 



'^ 



A foundation. 



From — ill, ore. Hence jg //^', under ; 
Hi cAi^ only : t^^ ciii\ papLM- : 1;^ Li\ to 
hung down : }g ^i^, to oppose. 



^ 



The people. 



Distinguisli J^ .sA'i^, family name. 
[ If a register of the people. 

The 84th Radical. 
'~\l Breath. 

lei 



^^ > Breath ; air. Force. In- 
yf^Ki tluenee, JManner ; de- 
''' ^ meanour. Temper. 

From 7J^ ;;n'^, rice. 
^ colour ; appearance. 
^ disposition ; nature of a person. 
|S exhausted ; dead. 
,g. panting ; breatli. 
^. rage. 
^ ^ in a towering rage. 

The 85th Radical. 



/Y [ ^^^^^ter. Fluid 



Compare tJc j)i)i</, ice. 
5§ mode of Lommunication 1)V canals, 
etc. 



no 



1—4 



voc'AP>ri,Ai;v, 



'7]< 8: 



I /j^ ;i fomitniii ; spring. 

I ^ a sailor. 

I tM i^'l^^'^^i'' iiiilinals. 

I )f^ a water jar. 

I u"a crystal. 

I ^ 31 <i<inainariue or Leryl. 

c ::* 

TJC rerpctiuil ; eternal. 
■iong 
Trom > ^V?^^ a dof. Compare ^ 
Qciuif, a pattern ; yjc pi>"/, i^i-'' 
I ^ cverlastiiio- life. 
I jE per]H'tually : eternally. 
I 5r}lJ eternal separation— death. 



A pool of water ; a pond 
<'/t''i a ei.stern. 

Yn,m 4 i,\ also. Hrnce j^ ti\ cartli 
-fiii f\i\ he ; ,|l^ c/i''/'^ Lu spread. 
I -^ a pool. 



iK ^ 



niilitaiy post. To 
Ii.^tiiii guard. Also ivad hsin'^. 

From ^ //.s'/u', ranid. Hence |f( Jis-fiiii'^, 
to inquire-; ^JT^ h.'HiUi'*, quick; (jl J'«n^' 
to overflow. 



If PC. 



})ii-ation. 



Iian 



^j^ .p . , ,1 1 From -T /./H^ to pruv.dco. HenooIlT 

(/JV Jo jmplore ; to beseech, j yt„,i^ ,}„. ],,.,,,■ : ^f /;,,«', crafty; ^. Ar/u^, 

A-'/'f To seek after. rare; ^ ^-/^/V a p(de; ^ Az/i.^^ lo diive ; 

Hence ,^;;j(^•^i^ to save; J^ /;'ur, a globe. f\\ h'an\ to carve. Distinguish x\ <'^'''^S 



I ^0 to sue for peace. 
I ■^- to heg aud pray. 
1 <R i "^G heseech Thee, Saviour. 



i I ) Juie 



^.hVi 



e ; liquor 



liquor. 



From -j- shili, ton, ]Ienoo {[• .v//?7/, 
what; p"f Zri''. to plan. Dislinguish \f 
Inn*, sweat; §]■ clit-n^, a needle. 



Dirty. 



From ~^ }V, also. 

I ^ dirt, filth. 

ci-L A Large river. 
Iciang 

From 2n f(ong^, lahnur. Hrnco ^X A^'o".''/^ 
1o carry on the shoulder; -f-]^ Iioik/^, red 
^il ^ioiig", a rainbow; Jj^ J^oixj^, to attack: i 
;^ lau(j^, a jiole. 
j JnJ rivers aud streams. | 



) To draw water. 
kk 
rrom ]^ /c7/., and. 

iJX) No; not. To die. 

viuli 



I H niyrrh. 

I i^ there is not ; (he) has not ; (they) 
have not. 

(l/L( '1'^^ sink. To perish. 

ch'oi 
From ^L '^"^ walking. 
■^ very heavy ; serious ; grave. 
•^ to perish. 

^ a deep sleep ; sleeping heavily, 
ip quiet ; well-behaved. 
^ ^; to siuk ; suuk. 



11 



tK S5 



vocAnri.AriY. 



4—5 



H] 



{{y Sand ; gravel. 
aha 



From ip kJi'io^, littlo. Hence ^ mhto'^ 
admirable; [jj; vi'tao^, one-eyed; jlj; s/u/^ 



J A law ; a rule. A me- 
/"/i thod ; a plan. 

From ^ 7j"(i', to go. Heuce fj;- ^'/e/^ 

ganze; ^J7 c/i'ao, to trnnscri be ; 'Jtj; c/i'ao, t ire i i 

to fiy ; Pj; clCacr, to clamour. S ^W tlie ark. 



I il qnie.ksaud. 

I -^ saud. 

I J2 ^audy soil ; gravel. 

i^. Spittle; froth. 
moh 
From tJc violi, an end. Compare ^;^ 
vwIl, to wipe. 
I ■^ foam ; frutli. 



I ]^ laws ; regulations ; plans. 

VS To soak; to dip. To 
■p^io i]ifuse. A blister. 

^ From ^ pao^, to wrap. Hence jf^ 
/A^o^, to run; |g pao'*, to embrace; ^^ 
;/r/o-*, ii cann<iii ; || ^'ao", a robe. 

I :^ to iufnse tea. 

1 "^ ii5 ©[■ '^'^ dip a piece of bread. 

liL To weep. Also read lislh. 

From Ifc /t//, to stand. Hence fi j^e/^, 
a seat ; ^JL Ui^, to pulb 



A wave. 



(V J A stream ; a river. 
ho 
From p]" ^"o^ may. Hence fiif A^^, 
who; -^j^ /t'/-, stiange ; Pn[ a\ final parti- 
cle ; ^' Ai', to send. 
J ^h beyond the river. 

I fif south of the river; Houau Province. 

/'■- 

yZ*' To cure; to heal. To From J^ p\^ skin. Hi^ice ^^ 2^'ob the 

"tP ooveru; to direct. Also ' sliore; 5^ ;vo\ glass; Jjj^ p'o\ lo break; 

^■^'^ read c//i:l | ^ ;^'o-, a woman; ^^ 2J"<\ to clothe; fj? 

-r. r .' •" 1 11 TT ,r ' /''t'i*^ 'I coverlet, 

r rom -^ ttir, lionourable. Hence J^ ' 

iV, to smelt; ^j§ t\ii'^, to curry ; "^ s]n\ } I ^^ a wave. 

the beginning. , | ^ ^^.^^.^>s .^yj billows. 

I 5E to put to death. 

I .S t° govern the people. 

1 ig! to rule ; to manage. 

I M ^^ govern one's family. 

I PI to govern a country. 

I JJS t** bring into subjection. 

I ij 7 healed. 

cXK A fouDtain. 

From ^ pe/i, white. Compare 
7iun))g'^, the emperoi'. 
I i!?. :' fountain ; a spring. 



Mud ; mire. 



From /g nr, a nun. Hence |]^ }iP, an 
interrogative. 
I [n mud. 

I iy 7fv H niodelled in clay and graven 
in wood — idols. 

>}/L To follow a stream. 
ci Pi Aloug, or by, as a road 

'*•'"' or coast. 

From ^ ior, a nuirsli. Hence ■^'^ 
A-'r';/\ lead ore ; ^ cJi' uaii-, a ship 



118 



5—7 



VOCAHII-AUV 



7jC 85 



I ^ followiug a coui-f^e. 

I i^ ^^J ^^'^c sea coast ; to coast. 



ciUS Oil ; fat ; grease. 
lu 
From i^ in", prnceecliiig from. TIcnce 
^fi i'l*, ^ pomelo; ^ c/i\^(>\ to dr:iw out; 
$[i^ c/i^eo", silk; 'f^ t/'h, a flute; f^ cZ/eo", 
the axle; ^|lj cZ/co", sisters-in-law. 
I ij] a oil store. 



) To anchor a vessel. 

From 1^ peh, wliite. Hence JQ p'o/i, 
amber ; ;f:^ peh, a eetlar ; ^fj ^j'c/i, to slap ; 
IpQ p'a^, a kerchief; fQ jj'a^, to fear. 



cli It 



Water flowing:. To fix on. 



From ^ chn^, a lord. Hence >J:^^ cltx^, 
to light; ^ ch'w^, a commentary; |^ c/i«*, 
a pillar; 4lj^ 6'//(«*, a moth'; ^ chu'^, to 
dwell ; ^ uaiig^, to go. 

I g to fix the eyes on. 



W) 



Copious. Prostrate. 



p ei 



From Tff sA2\ a market. Hence jf^ si*, 
a persimmon; ^ fei-*, the lungs ; j^ Jicio'^, 
bustle. 

m 

/(III 

From ^ fah, weary. Hence )]£ ;>;e;i^ 
to disparage; ^ c/ri\ sesamum. 
I f-§ to sail on the sea. 



|RJ A cave. A hole. 
long 

From [WJ t'ovg^, with. Hence ^ i'o"^'-, 
a tube ; ^ ^'o>'/, brass. 



l7u To wash ; to bathe ; to 
ii purify. 

From ^j\;^ si,vt\ first. 
I M ^o wash the feet. 
I j^ to bathe. 
I ^ to wash the hands. 
I 19 fo Avasli nets. 
\ ^11 to cleanse ; to purify. 
I H^ to wash the face. 

^M) Living, lively. IMoveablc 
hoh moving. 

From ^ shell, the tongue. Hpuce =^ 
Jiua*, words; fg t'icn^, to lick; f^ i'/eyr-*, 
sweet; ^ kuah, to include. 

I 6^ moveable ; living. 

I ^ alive. 

I ^ hfe. 

I iff living ; quick. 

I ^ living stones. 

>(p| ) To blend with ; to be in 

ksiah liarmony. 
From ^ hoh, to agree. Hence P^ Jin'^, 
a hearty iaugli ; ^^ sliih, ten ; >\^ liiah, 
timely ; ^^ tah, a purse ; ^ klh, to give. 



ciy»->^ Vast ; liberal. 
/io)ig 

From dfc ^o;lf?^ all. Hence ^ konp^, 
a bow ; -gt koiiy'*, an offering ; lUt fioiig^, 
to deceive ; ;)^ hong'^^ to roast ; ^ kong^, 
polite. 

I 7jC the Flood. 



\>^) To ford a stream. To 
sheh involve; to concern. 
From ^ pu\ a step. Compare ij; s/mS 



sand. 



iJiv To depute; to send. A 
j/ai clau. 



119 



vK «5 



VOCABrLAKY. 



From J^p'ai*, to branch off. 
j -jn to despatch soldiers. 
I fill ^ depute him to go. 



ciJlD To flow ; to d lift. Aban- 
liii doned. To descend. 

From '^ liir, a cap. Hence ^j| liu", 
suliihur ; ^^ 6u\ a coarse comb. 

I ^ to shed blood. 

I ^1 vagabond ; wandering. 

I \''-^ floating foam. 

I ^ to shed tears. 

I ^ to wander ; to stray. 

I lii 7K 2i^ water flows forth. 

i^ A wave. Wasteful ; pro- 
laiij fligate. 

From % liri)ig'\ good. Hence ^ lang-, 
n wolf ; )^^ ZiV^//_<72, grain ; ^ )iian<f% a 
girl. Compare ^ i^i", silver. 

\ ^ a prodigal. 

I ^ extravagant expenditure. 

^^) To wash ; to bathe. 

in It, 
From ^ knh, a valley. Hence f^ SiJ/, 
vulgar ; (^ ink, to desire. 

(^.^-^ 
it^ The sea. 

From ^ mci'^, each. Heuce f|g^ a^, to 
insult; <{§ huev\ to repent. 

f ^ the sea side. 

I ^ an island. 

I P a sea port. 

I M Jr. oil the surface of the sea. 



m\ V. 



List: extensive. 



From -^ /jar/', to inform. Hence |§ 
Z;arA to eiij<»iu upon; j^-^- hau\ bright; |^ 
k'ao^, to trust. 

I ;/i; vast. 

c-i"^ To float. Li^Gjht; giddy. 
feo Also readyir. 

From ^ /(ti, trustworthy. Hence |L 
ra^, milk, 

I 7jC to float. 

iJi^ To soak ; to immerse. 

From ^ ^siVi^, to sweep. Hence ^ 
ts'iii'^, to Uiurp. 

^^/b To melt ; to thaw. To 

ciH cancel. To annul Ne- 
siao cessaiy. Used with |pf. 

From "f^ s/'ao*, to assimilate. Hence 
i^ siao^, night; $^' s/ao^, nitre; |f si'ao^ 
to fuse ; ^^ shao^, a twig. 

I 1^ to remove ; abrogate. 

I M to destroy. 

I ,§, news ; rumours. 

I ^ to destroy ; to swallow up. 

cJ:^ Spittle ; saliva. 
lisien 

From 5E ten-, to lengthen out. Heuce 
g| ieii-, a teast ; |^ ^(a/<.^ to boast. 
I 5^ saliva. 






tslng 



Clean ; pure. 



From ^ tseng^, to wrangle. Heuce 
1^ tsiiiff, peaceful ; \^ iseiig*, to collect. 

si"^ -Lewd, immoral. Used for 



120 



8—0 



VOCABtrLAUY. 



7K 



From ^ in\ to approach. 
I ^ lieeutious ; lewdness. 
I ^ impure tlioui;hts. 
I j^ nn uclulteress. 
I 13 lewd expressioujj. 
I fj iimiiorul condnet. 
I 1^ k'^y(\ aiul indolent. 
I ^ lust ; debauelier}-. 

fiHH Ruined; engulfed. 
lueii 

From -^ luen", to arrange. Hence f^J 
luen\ to discuss ; ^ lutn", a wheel ; fj^ 
/wen^, relationships ; ^ Z«(e?i^ to revolve. 

(iTjC Deep ; profound ; abstruse. 

From [^ lun/g^, a net (contracted)- and 
7fv miJj, wood. 
I M pi't^found ; deep. 
I fgf retired. 
I ^ to believe intensely. 



cvl> To add ; to increase ; to 
t'tcii make good. 

From ^ t'ien^, ashamed. 
I T "^ f@ t'^ '•'•^l^l t)ne extra. 

>}^ 

ciR Clear; lucid; pure. 

From ^ ts'h}g^, azure. Hence ^ 
inii(j^, the eye; B^ ts'infj-, fine weather; 
If ts'ing^, to request; ^- fs/?/9\ unmixed; 
^^ ts'ai'^, to guess. 

J .^ very early ; at dawn. 

f ^ a piu'e heart ; to piu'iCy the heart. 

I y]<, clear water. 

I W\ r^^i'6 ; unsullied. 

I ^ ^ i^ pure and free from blame. 



X^ 



To drown ; to ovcrfiow> 



From :^ ien^, to remain. Hence ^ 
ien^, to screen ; ^ a«\ a nunnery. 
I [^ to drown. 
I % T ib-owued. 



To drip ; to rain heavily. 



Un 



From :^ Z/^/^, a grove. Hence ^ //71-, 
rain; ^ ian\ covetous; ^. /{>/-, disease 
of the bladder. 

t:3^ Shallow; superficial. Light 

ta'un in colour. 
From ^ /6^>?/\ f-mall. Hence fj /.y/e?/' 
ches]); £ji /s'/e?*-*, confectionery ; |^ r/(07/^ 
a st(^rthout-e ; ^^ te■e?i^ to tread on ; ^ 
i5?<:'>(\ a note ; ^ chaiv', a saucer. 

I ^ shallow ; superficial. 

-J^^ Insipid; flavourless. Weak, 
tan as liquid. Light in colour. 

From j^ ien-, a flame. Hence ^ i'a?i"-*, 
a rug ; |j^ i'an-, to converse ; ^ f'a?i^, 
phlegm. 

I J@ weak wine. 



ears. 



lui 



From J^ Zi*, calamities. 



HJ:li Turbid ; confused ; chaotic 
haen Used with l^. 

From ^ linen^, all. Hence ;|:g kiifOi\ 
a club ; itjt huen^, a flame ; |^ hum-, a 
cake; lit ^uen^y insects. 

I %i iu confusion. 



A ferry. To ferry over ; 
til to cross over. 

From J^ tH\ a limit. Hence §g tu\ 
to gild ; i^ til?, to stop up. 
I X^ J^ to cross the sea. 



121 



7K ^5 



VOCABULARY. 



«}— 10 




i^:, To thirst ; tliirsty. 
k'oh 
From ^j Jioh, who ? Hence P^ /to/i, to 
drink; ^hsieh, to rest; t^kieh, to exhaust. 

\^ To bubble up. 

From H io/i^^ brave. 
I _h ^ to bubble up. 



To lessen ; to diminish. 



From ^ /l.9(V)l^ all. Hence njg /ia;i^ 
to call after ; H h^ie)i\ to seal : ^ chen\ 
to warn ; |^ hsie^^ saltish ; jsg A;a?i^ to 
influence. 

I tp to reduce ; less. 

j •^ to diminish. 

Mn A lake. 

hu 
From t^ hiL^, how ? Hence |j5j /i!t', to 
paste; Jj^ liu\ coral; f§| /i;/", to live ; *^ 
/i?<% a butterfly; ^ /i(i'^ a lane. 
I 1%, by the side <_)f the lake. 

r?A& t To nourish. Fertile ; rich. 
To stir up ; to excite. 



From ^ tsV-, mow. Hence }^ ^s'r 
gentle ; ^^ iis'z^, crockery. 
I jPe^ t<j fertilise. 
j 5J^ flavour ; taste. 



A 2fulf : an abyss. 



The sound of waves. 
From If pai*, to worship. 



ti/Jx To roam; to travel. In- 
in terchanged with ^. 

From f/^ iu^, a small flag. 
f ^7 to roam ; to go from place to place. 
I ^M to travel all over a district. 



[jj/ Vague; vast. 
miao 
From pj? ^;u■ao^ one-eyed. 



) To fiithom ; to estimate. 



t^ei 



From |lj i.^e/i, a rule. Hence 'IfJ ^s'e^, 
to pity ; % tseh, awry ; fij si^, a privy. 
I ^ to measui'e. 
j ^ to calculate. 



c»/>5h A spring ; a source. 
Hen 
From 1^ U'iu-, a cause. Hence |^ wcm^, 
a vow ; ii (Zeu*, willing. 
I FI a spring ; a source. 



M> 



/<et^, majesty. 



(} To destroy ; to extcrmin- 
viiek ate. 

From J^ .5u7i, evening; and >X -^i'A tire. 
Compare ^ suir, a year ; , 
I C to destroy. 
I ^ to exterminate. 
I iX to P^^t out a fire. 
I '7 destroyed. 
I j^ to kill ; destroyed. 



To adjust. To fix. lu- 
cliuen terchanged with r^. 
Frum ft /i«ar, a river; and + slnh, ten. 
I ^ to prepare ; make ready. 



Warm ; mild ; genial. 



122 



10—11 



vocAnrL.Miv, 



7jC 



From ^ ueu^, compassionate. Ilonce 
fS '"'"^ uritated; 5^ neJi^ an epidemic; 
|0 uln\ to iron. 

I ^ HU'el< : i;viitle, 

I ^ jiinialilc ; ,i;-()()(I-iiaturc'J. 

I JB li.most ; I)l.-in>l. 

(i^ To overflow; a toiTciit. 



cixQ '-i''^ pour over. To water. 
kiao 



From ^ mo-, Iiigli, ITcnco ^ rad^, 
to wind; f^ /i6'w>\ luRky; ^|| //ao^ to 
vex ; ^ /•ao^ to go round ; )^ s/iao\ to 
burn ; |^ mo'-, to i)ardon. 

I ?1 tt) ]H)ar over or u])oii. 

I ^ to ])our out— :is a lihatioii. 

<1^'^ Jo tioat. Read 'plao\ 
p'nio To Ijleacli. 

From ^ p'ii/o*, a document. Hence t^ 
Sy^"^ 1 pifio^, a .signal; M p'iad\ wanton: ^ 

iill Full ; satisfied. Self-suf- j 2>'u/o\ to float. "* 

7/ia;i ficieut. The v/liole of. • | ^ to ])leacli. 

From -^ ma)i\ equal. Heuce gf j j ^ to float to and fro. 
man", to deceive. 1 



From ^ tao-\ to bale out. Hence JQ 
/ao^ growing rice ; ^ iao', to tread on ; 
Jg t\i(?, to pull out. 



I ^ tlie whole house. 

I ^ full ; filled u]). 

I Tfull. 

[ J£ satisfied. 

I i\J ^ M fidl of viciousncss. 

<i3 § Ii^ fiJ'^d with joy. 

I *D 'S ^ ='' heart fall <jf sorrow. 



(;^<. Any tbick fluid. Broth. 

tsiaitg jPus. 

From jff tsiang'^, to take. Hence 3^ 
tsiang'-^, to hind; ^ tsiang'\ an oar ; ^ 

tsiam/, sauce. 



m 



'laiKi 



To overflow ; to rise. 



y^ 01 1 1 , 1 - rp ' From /]^ clunif/, to open. Hence [|g 

Vi« 10 lealv; to dnp. ±0 ; c/^^/^r/S an account; (f^ c/M/t^/*, a curtain; 

l''o disclose, io smuggle. , |]g c}u,ng\ to swell. 

From p shi", a corpse ; and ]f fZ^ rain. | ^| to overflow ; to expand. 

1 ffl ^ to leak out. ^»^ 

>j^ j llSl) 'i'o drip; to drop. A 

i^y Varuish; paiut. To paiut. I ^'^'^ drop. 

(.iih ' From (^ tlh, a base. Hence ^^ tih, an 

1^ _^ , ,., . ^ -, t^*. ., ^ enemy: M tik, a wife; ^i| i6vj/i, to pick ; 

Irom ^ t.t/^ pa.nt._ Hence Bi sJ., ^ J,j iove,xc\x. 

the knee ; m h ik, varnish. , ^ , .. , 

I I i5^ J^ J: to drip ou the ground. 

i^^ Name of a dynasty. Be- 

han louoincr to China. 

00 



taicn 



Gradually. Hy degrees. 



From 

tsaH\ 10 cuisei. , ,,^,,:i^ difficult. 

I JIJ 6^ gradually : little by little. j I ^ 3E a sort of white marble. 



M-om ||f chmi\U behead. Hence ^ From M han\ a phonetic. Hence 

■U-, ashamed; ^ chcm\ briefly; ^ j'^uS to sink; M klen\ hardship; 
n\ to chisel. .,„„- ri;ffi«,.if 



123 



% !^' 



VOCABULARY. 



11 — 15 



1^) Clear; pure. 
kieh 
From ^ kleh, a marking line. Hence 
f^ cJiih^ to eat. 
i ^ 1'"^'^ ' clear. 
J ^ white ; pure. 

>(py To moisten ; to enricli. 
iiin Glossy. 

From ^ ruen'^, extra. 

c|£y The sound of waves. 

From ^ p'encj", strong. 
J •§^ the roaring of the wa\'es. 

■i^X) "I'o sprinkle; to scatter. 
•poll Vigorous. 



4'^ 3 Thick ; turbid ; muddy. 
clioh 

From ^ shnh, a worm. Hence jgg 
c/itJi, a candle; |^ choJi, a bracelet; fg 
Z'ZfA, the skull ; jj .s/aJi, belonging to. 



W: A bay. 



From ^ no'', obscure. Hence '^ ar/, 
to regret ; |^ rto", au outer garment. 



To aid ; to assist. Satis- 
tsi factory ; up to the mark. 

From ^ tsi'-, even. Pleuce ^'^ tsi'-^ 
to squeeze. 
f |Jj t(^ aid ; to deliver. 



fe' > Wet ; damp. 



j'/ti/t 



From mm to issue. Hence ^ pa/., j,^.^^^ ^^ j^^.^^,^ ^^ manifest. Hence 



to scatter; J^/ei'\ to waste 

•^ To 1)0 dispersed. Also 
Jucei read h'uei^. 

From ^ /i;7fei"', honourable. Hence ^ 
k\iei'^, provisions. 

I ^ spreading — as a sore. 

5iJK Thick; strong — of liquids. 

From ^ ?;o?7^-, agriculture. 
I j^ fstroug Viiiie. 

iSa:> To rouse. To stimulate. 
klh 
From ^ /c/7?, to beat. Hence -^ kih, 
a summons ; ^ A/f/o^, to deliver up ; || 
Jciad^, an aperture ; ^ irtoS to invite. 

f ^ to arouse ; give an i!npul.-;e to, 
J JI5 to eucoiirage ; stir up. 



sih^, marshy ; j^ /tsicn^, conspicuous. 

1'^) To wash ; to cleanse. 

c/ioh 
From ^ //Vi, plumage. Hence ^j^ 
o//'o//, to stamp ; H i'/oc^'', to sell grain ; 
P i//i, to buy grain ; || iao\ bright ; ^i 
■io/i, to caper. 

ciPif Billows ; great waves. 
t'ao 
From ^ sheo\ old age. Hence f^ 
tao^, to pound ; j^ cWecr, a comrade ; ^ 
c/i'eo^, irresolute ; H iao''^ to pray ; ^ 
clitd^, to calculate. 

ll^» To strain ; to filter. 
ill 
From ^ lu'^, anxious. Compare ^ 
Id', to capture. 
I iij ^ to strain out. 



124 



15—22 



VOCABrLARY. 



7]< s: 



To overflow. To go to I c/>^^ Ashes; dust; lime; mor- 

f'l"' excess. hue/ tar. 

From ^ looi^, to oversee. Hence ^ From j~* //o?i'*, a cliff. Hence ^ k' lie i^y 

kien"^, a minor ; ^ /ajr', a bask<'t ; ^" a liclmet; ^ i'a;/"*, cburcoal. 

ia}r, bine ; ^ /(77i'', to inspect ; |g /c;*", : i Mt ashes, 

salt ; |g Zrm''', ragged. ! i ^' i i i 

' ^ ' ^o 1 I ^ '^'^'^J ; ash-coloured. 

f ^ to form nndesirublo compauiou- 

ship. i <j<] 

I ^\^ \ CaLamity ; misery ; a 

pour into, or down, or ' ^y\.) P 'S^^ • 

l;na)t oil. ! ^^'-"' 

From f hian\ a beron. Hence tl ■^^■'^'" ^^^ ch'uan\ a stream. 

A;//«n*, a jar ; '^ huan^, to rejoice ; |^ j |^ calamities. 

ki,au\ to observe ; 1| Kiicn\ to exbort. , j ^ j^^-^^,^.^^. . tvouble. 

^^m I \ \ ^ evils ; dangers. 

cVtS ^ To sprinkle ; to scatter. i I ^^ misfortunes ; snfferiuo-s. 



H' To 



From J^ 7/^ beautiful. Hence g| 
sha i"^, to air; gS] Zr, a bird. 



ci^ h A rapid. 



t an 



From H «a«-, difficult. Hence fH 
t'a7i\ a stall ; ^ i'fl?i^, numbness. 

ci^ A bend ; a cove ; a bay. 
ti<(ii' Used with its primi- 

tive ^^, to bend. 



The 86th Radical. 



'^ 



c ( Fire. 

ho 
Hence ^ /,-ao^, a lamb. 
I g a kiln. 
I -^ strength of fire — as for eookiug ; 

a fiery colour. 
I ^T a "fiery" dart. 
I ^ a stove ; a censer. 



cj^ A flame. To flame; to 
ten blaze. 

From i}^ ho", fire. Hence \'^l taii^, 
dull; '^ fan", pblegm ; t^fair, to con- 
verse. 



w 



^ Coal ; charcoal. 



t ait 



From [1] shan^, a mountain ; and /~* 
/m?!"*, a cliff. Compare /^ a;^^, a sbore. 
I >/< a roal fire. 



^!l 



^»kt) Fierce ; headstrong ; im- 
fitli petuous. 

From Jlj lieh, to arrange. Hence ^ 
Z/e/i, to tear. 
j if^ a fierce flame. 



c>"k>># Black. A crow. 

7t 



Distinguisb J^ niao^, a bird. Hence \% 
ifi, to cover with tbe band ; P,^ ii^, ala?. 

I 5f^ a crow ; a rook. 



125 



9i 86 



VOCABULAKY. 



()— J< 









■ Smoke. Tobacco. Opium. 



M 



ten 
From ^ i« 
'i»^, betrothal 



1, because of. Hence 
li fe/iS rouge. 



>-U) To l)raucl ; to iron. 

luh 

From fj: hoh, each. Hence ^ ii'e/i, a 
nuest : M ^<oh, a council ; ^3//, the 
ai-in ; 1^ /o/j, a final particle ; i^ kih, a 
rule : |'^ ^t\ a road. 
j f^ seared ; cauterized. 

,^ How? Why? Where? 
ieii 
Fioni JE cheng\ correct. Compare ]^ 
n^ black ; ,% iiiao'*, a bird. 
I tu li^*"*^ cau it be done ? 

cS»> Without ; apart from ; 
a none. A negative. 

Hence ^ piP. to cherish; H »■^ to 
dance. 
I ^l>nt. 

J ^p. without doubt ; beyond (luestiou. 
] ^ blameless. 
I „„: no matter. 
I -jj without strength. 
] 13 useless. 

I ^^ without phxu — uo help lor it. 
] 5g uureasouable ; unprincipled. 
I ^5 without loss. 
1 '^ without fault. 
1 ^ blameless ; guileless. 
I ^ inexhaustible. 
] ^ iiniumerable. 

I it: ^ " ^^1*2 blossomless fruit" — the fig. 
I jfg ^Ji the bottomless pit. 



j g" pj" ^ nothing to say in rt^dy ; 
speecldess. 

I Bi T> tt almighty. 

I ^ ;f; ;^ everywhere present. 

I E pT pJt uothing to say. 

! ^y M lai '1" t;oncern. 

I II.I M M- unimportant. 

I ^ ^B M ^vithout hope. 

I 1j<. ^ '"iki fi'G6 f^'o™ calamity and sick- 
ness. 

I ^ M i'^'' unprofitable to you. 

I 4: .i $p eternal ; uncreated. 

\ % ^ i^ 110 end to life. 

1 M -H /t^ without cause or reason. 

I ^ >J> ^ ^ small city of no rex>ute. 



m 



/^ Scorched; burnt. Vexed. 

t'iiao 
Fioin j^, chui^, a bird. Hence 11;| 
ts''iao^, 10 look. 
I %, vexed ; grieved. 



A flame. J-urning ; glow- 
inor. 



^^' 

0A 



From ^ jxuP-, to wrap : and jl3 '^i"^ a 
mortar. Hence }g /:'mi, to grasp : I»g 
/mjch*, to betray ; pQ ch'air, to flatter. 

/»^ To warm ; to roast. 
k'ao 
From :^ /^'ao^, to examine. Compare 
^ lisiad^, filial. 

I >/l^ to warm oneself at the fire. 
I i^ to roast meat. 
I — ij-^ to warm a thing. 

^JJ. Yes; certainly. Really. 
-^^ Still ; nevertheless ; but. 



r((ii 



An adverbial particle. 

B 



From ^ rw/^, flesh : and -j^ kilen 
dog. Hence j^ ran^^ to burn. 



126 



8—12 



VOCABULARY 



^ 86 



I llo still ; ii(itwitlist;uKliiii>;. 
1 Wl afterward ; by and by. 

i^ To Imi-D. 

fen 
From ^, liir, a grove. 
] ']^^ to burn down. 
J jfS to destroy by fire ; to set fire to. 

W^^ To illumiiicate. Aceord- 
l>\\ ing to. To look after. 
i-hao S^ permit. 

From 03 chao^, to display. Hence -jg 
chao^, to beckon ; fg chao*, to proclaim ; 
is c/i\to\ to excel. 

I M ^^^ l«^<'k after ; to care for. 

I ^f as usual. 

j ^ according to. 

I J^ to eulighteu. 

1 gp^p to shine upon. 

1 ^ according to the reckoning. 

I ^ to control. 

I ® !l 2{5 sliew a lamp hero. 



( aM To trouble ; to annoy. 
fan 

From ^ ie/i, a page. Compare 3^ 
feo^, the head ; ^^ «//\ must. 

I ^- to annoy ; to disturb. 
1 |gwearisonie ; annoying. 



%^ To smelt ; to refine. To 
lien purify. 

From "^ k'(')i\ a visiting card. Hence 
j^ k'en", 10 select; |f licn\ to smelt; 
m kien\ to reprove ; || //e/i*, to practise. 




/^ ( Warm ; genial, of wea- 
ther. 



From ^ iien'^, to lead on to. Hence 
^ ile7r, to rescue; f^ huan\ slow. 

c^j,^ To excite. To delude. 

From ^ s/ian'^, to fan. 
I Wl, ^'^^ deceive. 

<I1J> A bear. 

Jisiong 
From "^^ nenrf, able. Hence Tj| i'at*. 



Y%\\^ Ripe; experienced; apt; 
.b//(i/i accustomed to. Intimate. 

From o|^ .s7i?f//, who. Compare ^ s/nt^, 
a school. Distinguish ||fe ^-^/J, hot. 

I -^ well tried. 

j ~Y I'ipe : thoroughly cooked ; expe- 
I'ienced, 

j^^^Hot; fever. To heat. 
M\i \ Earnest. 

veil 

From ||r z^, skill. Distinguish ^ 
^/e»>, a cushion ; '^ shiih, ripe. 
I ;li^' lever. 
I ^ hot weather. 
I iC> earnest hearted ; zealous. 

("^iv^ To boil ; to simmer. 
ao 
From fj'X. ao^, proud. Hence ^ acr, to 
ramhle ; f^^ ao\ proud ; |1^ ao\ clamour : 
H c/iiii*, verbose. 

I ^$ to boil and smelt — to discipline. 
c/iji. V A ij^i-^-jp . a lantern. 



m 



Un.j 



127 



9i Bs 



VOCABULARY. 



12—17 



From ^ toig^, to ascend. Hence @. 
clien'', au orange ; ^ cheng\ witness. 
tJompare f§ teng'^, a stuol 

j II a lauteru. 

I iX> wick. 

j J u lump stand. 



To biu-n. To roast. To 
shau beat. 

From ^ mo', bigli. Hence fg r^o^ 
to forgive : -^ rf/o", to encircle ; gj As^flo^ 
to know ; \%\iao^, to pour over. 

I ff a baked cake. 
I ^ to bnru iuceuse. 



^FS 'j ^ stove ; a fireplace. A 
I r-^ { censer; a brazier. Iii- 
*); B j tercbanged witb |i. 

In 
From ^ Zfr, a vessel for holding rice. 
Hence ;^ lu~, rushes; |j| Zu'-^, a furnace; 
il W, a donkey. Couipare •})» W, to 
filter. 



Eotten ; over-ripe. Brok- 



lan 



en : rao^oed. 



to destrov bv fire. 



I ^ to consume by fire ; to melt. 
I ^ 6^ f^ potter. 

i^m "^^ ^'^^'^■'^^ ^^^*^^^ ^^^' sacrifices. 
fan 
From #./o;;\ a time. Hence !])| /rt»^ 
a banner; |§ /(7)i\ to interpret; JH j?;o", 
to sow ; |}5/a'i\ to turn over. 

I ^ a bnrut ofFeriug-. 

c ^ An encampmcDt ; a camp. 
i)i'j To regrJate ; to do busi- 

ness. 
From ^ kovg^, a palnce (altered). 
Compare H ■?'o;;r/-, glory ; '^ iug", a tomb ; 
^ /?i^-, a glowworm. 

I ^ a dcfeuced camp. 

j(x)C To destroy by fire. A 
/liiei fire ; a blaze. 

From g^ hnei^, to destroy. Hence |2| 
/^^fei^ to defame. 



Ashes ; embers 



From f^ lan^, a screen. Hence ]f^ Ian ' 
i to obstruct; ^ Ian-, an orchid. 

I ~f rotten ; spoilt. 

The 87th Eadical. 

/»* V A claw; a talou. 

cliao 
Hence \K clnio}, to scratch. Compare 
)^ hia}, a melon. 

f ^ claws. 



tsin 



From ^ tsin^, to exhaust. Hence ^ 
tsin^, uttermost. 



c rf* To wraiigle ; to contend ; 
tseng to Strive. 

Hence ^ tsing^, clean ; p|v tseng'^, to 
open the eyes. 

^ to wrangle ; to dispute. 

Wc to fight. 

^ to quarrel. 

^ to contend for first place ; to press- 

forward. 
^ to contest. 
^ strife ; cause of strife. 
{^ to make a disturbance, 
gg ^ ;^ to contend for mastery. 

/^ To be. To do. Ecad 
iJ^ uei^. For ; because of. 
tiel Qj^ account of. 

Compare ,% niao^, a bird. Hence ^ 
i(ei\ false. 



12S 



\^ 



VOCAI'.UL.MIV. 



;i; 



I jh '^^^ ^''1' '^^ to ... . 

I ^ ^^ 8^'^^'^ nttentiou to ; to make one's 
chief niiii. 

I M "^""'^^y ^ ^vherefore ? 

I 05 1>ecause ; for the cause. 

I ]I[^ ou this accouut. 

I ifijiwhy? 

gij ) A degree of ]iol)ility. A 
Uiuk cup ; a goblet. 

From 0n >'(t}i'/\ a net; ^ Iceii\ per- 
voise ; uiid -jj" t-i' ueii'^, an iuch. Hence 
Pgp tfiiu//, to chew. 

The 8Sth Radical. 
^ A fatlier. 

Hence ^ /ciao^ to commit to ; ^ fti}, 
an iix(-. 

[ ^ father and niotlicr. 

I 5t fi^tlicr and ekler brothers — seniors. 

I ^ ehlers ; 'fathers. 

I ii father. 

I -^ a i)olite form of address— "you, Sir." 

f'^T A father; a Mahommedan 

2^(1 term. 

From £, 2^r/,\ to adliere. Hence Jg 

2)r/^, to grasp; g ^"''b "• ^L^uce ; f;£, pa*, 

a rake; ^ptO-, a scar ; j^ /^'tt'"^, tu crawL 

f^*- A father ; a grandfather. 
tie 
Fiom ^ ^ob many. Hence f^ i^_, to 
reniuve ; f^ c//«^, extravagant. 

The 89th Radical. 

iy^ Crosswise. 
h^iau 

Hence |^ shuamf', hearfy; ^ rib youj 



l^f 'J You ; your. 

rl 

Hence jg r'l', near; ^j^ unv, milk 
i?ir, to stop ; ^ si'b the ruyal signet. 

The OOth Radical. 

c t] a bed. 
clixuDig 

Hence jj^ tsiavg^, a walk 



A couch ; a bed. 



m 

ch'iiang 



From 7fc m?Ji, wood. Compare ff: 
lisiii}, to divorce. 

I ^ a bed ; a couch. 

I ,_t; ou a couch ; on a bed. 



A walk 



lioh, to contradict. 



ts tang 

From ^ sell, to accumulate. Henco 
^ se/i, ripe grain. 

The 91st Radical. 

/~| A splinter ; a slice ; a 
2j'ien flake. N. A. 

I Hip a sliort space of time. 

I ^ a visiting card. 

I ^Ij a little while ; an instant. 

cjl^-* A signboard ; a placard ; 
p't'i a tablet. A permit. 

From J^ pei^, inferior. Hence |^ ;)a?/*, 
tares ; ^ pei\ a memorial stone ; fi^ peP; 
to cause. 

j fi an ancestral tablet. 



129 



^ 93 



VOCABULARY. 



2—1(3 



^ 



The 92xd Radical 



c/j A tooth. 
ia 

Hence ^'^ itr, elegaut 
1 ch'uan^, to bore. 

lif the teeth. 

^ toothache. 






The 93rd Badical. 



Au ox. 



Hence f^: kien*, a inimerai-y adjunct ; ^ 
sien^, first ; ^ Aao'', to tell. Dislinguish 
■^p w^, noon. 

I 1^ mutton. 

I ^t a calf. 

I ^ oxen a-od sheep. 



'4k 



The female of animals. 



From J^ pi^, a spoon. Henee ^ hua*, 
to change; 5t; cA'i/i to scold. 
I ^ a cow. 



c4~* -^ P^^ ^01' cattle. A prison. 
lao Firmly. 

From ^^ mien", a roof. Hence ^^^ hlen^, 
a thing. Compare |^ hav?, to permit. 
I fl a scheme ; a trap ; to ensnare. 

'tJCj To tend as a shepherd. 

7liuk 

From ^ 'puh, to tap. Compare J{^ 
/ifio^, to receive, 
I li^ a, pastor. 
I ^ to shepherd. 
I ^ ^ a shepherd. 

™j:i A thing ; matter ; goods. 
uh 



From ^/J nil, not. T'Oinpare ^^ huJi, 
suddenly; ^, t.-iunc/, liunied. 
I ^4^ an article ; things. 



cTX Animals ; cc 



cattle. 



aenj 



purpose ; specially. 



From ^ seiKj^, to produce. Hence '1^ 
sing^, dispusitiun ; ^_J siny*, surname. 
I ^ animals. 
I P animals ; cattle. 

#, On 

Veh 

From -^ .s'i'*, a mosque. Hence f^.s-//,*, 
to wait; ^ cli'i-, to support; f^ tai^, to 
treat; |$ s/Zi', poetry; ^ /e;/^-', to wait. 

I ^ on purpose. 

I ^ for this very reason. 

I ^ to come purposely. 

j.J^ To lead au auimal. To 
k'ien pull ; to implicate. 

Hence \^ k'len^, to pull; ,|f ^'i'e/i\ a 
tow rope. 

I ^\ to draw into ; to entice. 



ij 



A plough. To plough. 



From ^ij n\ profit. Hence fflj li\ 
clever; ^ /<■*, dysentery. 

T^) A calf. 

From ^ mai'*, to sell. Hence |^ su/i, 
to connect; ^ s/m/;, to redeem; |g tah, 
to study ; j-J txih, to defile. 

cT^5c Victims for sacrifice. 
hsi 

From ^ hisi'^, breath, 

I ^ sacrificial animals. 



130 



•2— ,S 



VOCABULARY. 



it 04 



The 04th JJadical. 

3 i 

Heiico dc/"/', tf^ prosfrntc; 5| /:";<//, to 
veej) ; ^ A-'i'. a v.-ssel ; g, c}ieo\ stench. 
I ^dngs; of ibe dog tnbe. 



^!i To transgress ; to o 



ffencl. 



fan 



Froin e, /a'3, pelf. ITonce ftl A-/^ to 
recollect.; jfi ;/c:t', worthy; t^ /cai^ to 
jilter ; ^ ki^, to record. 

j ^. to commit siu, 

I jj; to ])reak the laws. 



(^ it ^Vild ; mad. Overbeariug. 

From "^ vane/, a prince. Hence fj^ 
iiang^, t<. wards; ^ ?ia)i(/'*, iu vain; ^ 
iian./, to ])rosjjer. 

I M *^ °''^^C' of wind. 

[ g (lii^orderly ; ill-behaved. 

I ^ hanglity ; domiueeriug. 

TliX. Form ; appearance. To 
chuaug accuse. Au indictment. 
From ^ cIl uanrf", a bed. 



fc, 



Northern barbarians. 
'tUi 

From >X ^'^^> fi''^' 



%^ A Jog. 



/iTO 



Fi(jni frj ^-/t^ a sentence. Henoe ^^J 
H.\ to restniin; |,t] Z;io\ a hook; ^ keu"^, 
illicit; l^-|ij Jiil^, a toal. 



ha 



A fo.^ 



Fiom /K. /i''"\ a melon, lleri 



kiL^, an orphan ; ^JJ chna^, to scratch. 



tgly / To accord with ; to yield 
7r^rt I assent. luterchanojed 
c^r^J) with^. 

From -^ hsiiiir, ten days. Hence fft] 
hmiii^, to inquire about; ;(0] hsiiiii'^, par- 
tial; ^ suen^, bamboo sprouts; ^Ifj 6'Ui?i'^, 
a feudal state. 

I j]f to shew favoiiritii^m ; to connive at. 



Fierce. Angry. Very ; 

/i<^'t extremely. Used for fe. 

From _g. km*, perverse. Hence ;^ ken^, a 

root ; ^^ km\ to follow ; ^^ hp.d\ very ; ^ 

m^ silvei'; ^ /le/.'^^ a scar; f^ hen^, to" hate. 



</m. The wolf. Cruel ; fierce. 

lang 
From ^ liang^, good. Hence ^SJ-ang^, 
a w^ave; ^[i Zan^^^ a youth; ^ niaiig", 
a girl; |_^ Zm?!^", grain. Compare '^ 

iir, silver. 

] tjj cruel ; vindictive. 



) Narrow. Narrow-minded. 

/i.s/a/i 

From ^ ^('a/i, to compres.<5. Hence |^ 
hsiah, to control ; ^i^ hsiah, moistened. 



m 



The fox : the wild cat. 



Fi'om ^ /t^, a mile. Hence ^ ZP^ coarse; 
■^ mai-, to bury ; ^ /;^, brothers' wives ; 
gg /i^ principles; PJi. /^^ a iiual particle. 



c^n 



To guess. To suspect ; to 
tiai doubt. 

From ^ tsiiig^, azure. Hence ||/^'//'f/', 
to invite; '\^ ts'Iiig"", feelings; '^^ ta'ing'^, 
pure ; f^ tmiig'^, quiet; Pf ta'iiii/, a clear 
(lav. 



131 



^ 94 



VOCABULARY, 



IG 



^JSL Fierce ; courageous. 
■me)ig 
From "^ meng'', cliief. 
I f^ suddenly. 
I ^ valiant ; bold. 

c'^H Like; similar to; as if. 
ill 
From ^ tsiii}, a cliieffcain. 
I ^ ^ i£ undecided. 



3^i ^^''°' 

From ^ c/jrr^^ be. Hence i^ tu^, to 
stop up ; fit tii'\ to gamble ; ^^ sii', a 
clue ; fp iu\ all ; ^ tu\ to observe ; ^ 
cAu\ all. 



li A 



lion. 



From ^i|j s)^, a model. Heuce fj^ shai^, 
to sift. 
I -J- a lion. 



iuh 



A prison ; hell. 



From ■= ieii^, words. Heuce ^ io/^, a 
mountain peak. 

I ^ keeper of a prison. 

4SJ3 Onl}" ; single ; alone. 
tuh 

From ^ s/nih, a worm. Hence J^ 
shtth, to belong to ; >^ chith, a cuudlc. 
I g by oneself. 

I ^ ^ the Only-begotten Son. 
I — ^ n the only (God). 

41^) To take in bunting. To 
^i"^i obtain. 



From ^ /(??/(, to moasurp. Heuce 
hu^, to reap; ^ lLit\ to protect, 

I ^J to get gain. 



nUeo 



Wild beasts. 



From — ih. one ; P Jceo^, moutb ; aud 
t'teii^, a field. 

*-, J To offer up ; to present. 

From g /^eo^, a tripod. 

I Jl to offer up to a superior. 
I H ^ to offer gifts. 

The 95th Eadical. 

( J^ Sombre. 

Heuce f.^ hsien-, a bowstring ; ^ c.h''uh, 
cattle. L)istinguisb ^ iao^, immature. 

^' To lead. 
shuai 
Heuce J-!p shual^, to wrestle. 
I M to lead. 

The 90th Eadical. 

rv / A gem ; a precious stone ; 

V \ jade. Valuable. 

ii 
I ^ a box made of precious stone ; jade 

ornaments. 
I -^ a box of jade. 

[ ^ i; ^ a- Taoist deity— the " Gem 
Emperor. " 

c ~K A prince ; a king ; a ruler. 
uaug 



132 



5—0 



VOCAIULAIiY, 



31 i'6 



Hence ;^ (•////', a lord; ^. tsiimi-, perfect; 


From £ I'un^ to see. Hence gi 


[{£ uang\ to prospei- ; |£ uaiiy'-^, in vain. 


(!.v'//i\ arehtive; j^ ka('L\ ix cusiom ; fJJ 


I ^ the king's palace. 


.vt'*, to look. 


I ^^ the laws of the laud. 


[ :(£ now ; at this time. 


Xh^ 


1 ^ at jiresent. 


i^P A flaw. To disgrace. 


1 I|^ at the i)resent time. 


tkni 


I ^ fif; ready-made. 


Froin i^ c/ian*, to usurp. Hence \'^chan^. 


I m ^^ ^" Jti)pear ; to mauifcst. 


to moisten ; ^'^ ?uV;<', to pic-k up ; f^ clKtii^, 




to paste up; ^^ t'leh, a Ciird ; ^^ Cich, 


TtS^ . 


attached to; th p/'""-', to stand up. 


(rl^lL A precious stone. 


I j^ to briug discredit ou. 


I III 




From )j(^ /i't", a cop. Hence J^ Z/?r, a 


(JU^ Precious ; rare, as gems. 


crown; ^ //»-, sulj)hur; \^ iW(\ to 


conjb ; j^fc tin', to flow; [fjc ■'^"S distant. 


c/icii To prize. 




I JT^ an opaque glass-like substance ; 


From ^ chor', Idaok liair. Hence f^ 


l)()rcelaiu. 


c//t'u^, to doctor; rj^ cJwjr, measles; )|f 




c//'en\ to avail oue's self of. 
I J^ pearls. 


<^J||| Reason; principle; the 
.rii fitness of things. To 


I '-M. pi"'-'<-"i<>i"i« thiugs. 


^^ regulate. To regard. 


I ;p; valuable ; costly. 


From ^ Jl^, a mile. Compare 3| 11^, 


■t(4> 


inside. J)istingaish ;^ vi(ii\ to bury. 


cJiS: Glass. 


I J^t M ^ ^^i:'t whii'h should be. 


po 


I flJi m fili ^'1 accordance with right. 


Prom ;_g y/r, a skin. H.Mice ^^ po^, 




liime ; ^ ^/o', a slope ; ^ 2)'o^ to break ; 


3^ V 1 


^ /r->\ a wave ; ^ 7>t'/^, a coverlet ; ^ 


c-^^ A lute ; a guitar. 


p L^, to wear. 


k'i/i 


I ^^ window glass. 


From ^ l-i)i'^, now. Henor- ;|;''j> /i'/'».7^, 




the lapel; \^ in'-, to hum; ^ l^^iii'/, a 


^^-^ . 


bed quilt. 


c^^ A pearl. 


cha 


^ILi 


From :^ c//h\ red. Hence f^ c/ia\ 


:^?^>) A large guitar, with 25 
i't'/i- strings. 


to jumish ; J^ s//u\ to kill; ^ chu^, 


vermilion. 


From >^ jiiVi, certainly. Compare 5p 


I -^ pearls. 


/;'n(", a lute; || p'i", a guitar; ^- pa^, a 




banjo. 


cJ/t A class ; a company. 


:fT« 


pan 


c^bC A flaw ; a blemish. 


I j5,| the turtledove. 


haia 


'9b Now ; at present. To 


From ^ h'(i?, false. H.Mice fg ^''V^^ 


false; 'j;.]^ i«(//i^ to forge; ^Jimi'-, leisure. 


hsicn manifest ; to a2)pear. 


1 Jit a 1)lemish. 



133 



^ ^'^ 



VOCABULARY, 



9—16 



JM 



Ao-ate. 



Hence 'III nao", vexed ; $J 7iao^, jasper ; ! 
[ij )iao^, the brain. 



t^ Conieliau ; agate. 



From |E vm^, a linrpo. Heiioe ^ via^, 
a nurse ; |i,l§ nia^, a weight; P,E| 7/1^1, an 
intei'rogativt;; ^ 7?ui*, to sculd. 

I 3i agate. 

j ^IJ " mauua." 

c J^ Glass ; a glassy suLstancc. 
It 
From "^ /r, bright. Hence [^ /r, to 
part ; ^ /t-, a fence. 

c^^5 A ring. To encircle. 

huaii 
From ^ k'ioiig", to gaze. Hence -^ 
hticiir, the Einpeior's dunniin ; jg huair, 
to repay. 
I '^ to encircle ; to go round. 

jg^ A piece of jade witli a 
s^^ -) round liole in it. Also 
2,1 h i-ead 2^i\ 



The 9Sth IIadical. 

vRj A tile ; earthenware ; 
"a tery. 

I ^ an earthen vessel. 
I jj- broken tiles and bricks. 



pot- 



c/ti^ f A bottle ; a vase ; a jar ; 



Fr-uni ^-f l^'^'uf, united. 

TuK 99th Eadical. 
c M Sweet ; pleas? 



^ '^ tary. 

Hence ^|} t^ieir, sweet. 
*& M ^^ perfectly willing. 



pleasant, Volim- 



AVliat ? Very ; extremely, 

sJieii 

From gL' 7>\7/, a pair. 
I ijwlmt? 
j ^ even to ; even as far as to. 



("pp Sweet. 



t leii 



From 11^1 ;^/7/. a prince. Hence ^ ^"'^'^ ! From ^5 .^^//e/), the tonouo. H.Mice fg 
nextdoor;CT}////,_tosplit:j^ ;)"///, mean; I /,o/(, alive : '[§ /^V/r^ peaceful ; "^ h„a\ 
^3 'ji'i/i^, to t.urst forth ; ^ j>uh, to break j lancjuage : ^ ktia\ to include; f^ t^icii'\ 



apart; i?| pL\ to avoid. 

-^^^ The royal signet. 

From |;[y ?•?•. our. Hence j® /P, near; 
^H ;/r//''', milk ; 5^ mi", distant. 

The 97th Hadical. 
f/JX The melon. 

kia 

_ Hence -ij^ k (\ a fatlierless child. Dis- 
tinguish ;j^ r/ujo^ a claw. 



to lick ; ]5'|J ^ (a/', to scrape. 

The 100th Radical. 

c ~tl To produce; to bring 

se":7 forth ; to beget. Life. 

Hence ^^ s/?;^*, a luime; >\^ siiig"^, 
disposition; ^ 6-tv?y\ animals. 

I ^ lif^^ 

f ^$ from birth. 

I M to gi'^'^ birth to. 

I Jit e^trang-(;d ; at variance. 



134 



G— 7 



VdCAIU I.AKV 



^ KHJ 



I p a, birthday. 

I ^ to rreace a disturbance. 

j "^ to bear ; to rear, 

I ^ to briug up ; to beget. 

I M to get augry. 

I ^ to break out in sores. 

I J!{! trade ; business. 

I iK to liglit a fire. 

j ^g a livelihood. 

I ^ ^ M tl^e power of h"fe and deatli. 
<~^C rossessioiis ; estate. To 
/SL bear offspring. Pro- 

ch'(i)i. ductious of a country. 

From '^ KCH^, literature ; aud J~^ haii^, 
a cliff. 

I ^ possessions. 

I lid time of child-birth. 



cw^v The children of a sister. 

From ^ ?}an", male. 

Thk 101st Radical. 



M L 



'o use ; to employ. AVitli ; 
'ioiuj by. 

Compare ^ cheo^, complete; ^ ion(/', 
to burst forth ; "j^/"^, the first. 
I ^ of use ; useful. 
I A servants. 
I J* expenditure. 
I M T "sed up. 
I ^ M useless ; unable to use. 
I /f^ ^ more than can be used. 
I ^ §t to salt with brine. 



sJliuu 

m 



To cast away ; to throw 



The 102nd Radical. 



^^ Si*, tine; 1^ /;a-, thunder; ''^ ticn'^, 
lightning. 

I ^ productions. 

I jg arable land 

\ M. W M lands ; property and houses ; 

possessioi^s.; ;■,"■ •'• ■,; 

c pbj To pornvit. ■■/^nnVi ;','}^y\i 
ii^ according to ; through. 

Heuce f[f| itr, oil ; '^ cheo^, the earth. 
I fik fi-oni ; by. 
I jit from this ; hence. 
I "fifc II l<^t him have his way, 
I ^ @ S to follow one's own way. 
I 5c ^ A A it depends on heaven, not 
on man. 



) Armour. A tithing. First. 
Idah 

ITeiiee {[g hsiah, a cliest ; ^Ip iali, to 
pledge; Ijll tail, a duck ; f^ chali, a water 
uate. 



^ 



To state. The period from 
iiheii 8 to 5 p.m. 

Hence jjiljl shor, a spirit ; a "od ; (tp 
shen^, to redress; |l|l aheii}^ gentry. 

I U about 3 }).m, 

I 1^ to state to a superior. 

Man ; male as distinguish- 
ed from (^) ; a son. A 
""'^ baron. 

From fj lih, strength. 
I A a man, 
I Su to be with man child. 



c |j-i Fields ; land. 
t'ien 



w 



A boundary; a limit. The 
kiai world. 

From ^ hlai^, petty. Hence ^ kial^^ 
mustard ; .j^ klai^, itch. 



Hence Jg si^, to think ; ^ ko^ certainly ; i I ^ a boundary stone. 

J35 



rn i'>^ 



vocaiu:lauy, 



1^1 
p3 J Cattle. To store. 

cli'tlk 

Fiom ^ lisiicii'^, somLre. Hence ^ 
iLi-iuh, to collect. 

3:^ To clread ; to fear. Awe. 

Hence ^^ uel\ to feed; P^ /ai"-*, to rear. 
I f^ to fear ; fear. 
I ^ to dread difficulty. 
I f;^ to dread ; apprelieusive of. 

To detain ; to entertain. 
:^ I To leave l)eliind. To 
i ^ ) r^^t ^^y- '^'^ transmit. 

From JJII mao\ 5 to 7 o.ni. Compare 
;|-:5P /^u^ the willow. 
I f to leave beliiud. 
I ^ to eutertaiu guests. 
I <{i> to pay attention to. 
I M to g'ivc the miud to ; attentive. 

=^, To finish ; concduded. All. 

Compare ^ /i!(«^, flowery. 

Slicditlv; a little. A 

siiraniary. io seize ; to 

^^ i plunder; in which sense 

"^^ '' it is interchanged with 
Iwh ^^^ 

From ^ /-o//, each. Hence § ^''<'/^, a 
guest : 5^ ^u', a road ; ^g ^0//, connected. 
1 ^ H^ a little ; slightly. 

^^ Strange ; extraordinary. 
i Other. Heterodox. 

From it Lo)ig\ all. Hence ^% t(n\ to 
wear ou the head ; ^ feii^, manure. 
I ^ wonders ; signs. 
I fl extraordinary ability. 
I ^ signs ; wonders. 



I ;j[c an omen ; a portent. 

I ffi strange principles ; heresy. 

I ^ heretical sects. 

I )^^ a different heart — alienated. 

I ^ outside countries ; heathen, 

•^l"? To draw; to paint. A 
i^ drawing ; a picture. A 
^"'^^ stroke of the pencil. 

From iji: iiih, a pencil. Compare ^ 
sJiii''-, a b()<dv; 1^ pih, pencil. Dislinguish. 
^ cJico^, dayiinie. 
I ^ to trace characters. 

c W Foreign ; barbarous. A 
fan time ; a turn. 

Froni ^ ])ieii\ to distinffuisli. Hence 
^/an\ to turn over; jj^fai'^, a pennon ; 
|g/avd, to translate ; p^fan', to roast. 

>^|* Ought ; should. To un- 

c t^ dertake. Eead tang'^. 

^'''"J To treat as; to regard 

as. To pawn. 

From 'f^ sliang'^, yet. Hence ^ fang", 
a chapel; ^ /it*, riches; ^ ch'aiig^, 
constant ; ^ sluou/^, clothes ; ^ chaiig^, 
to superintend ; ^ sluing^, to reward. 

j 4* ill the midst ; among, 

I f at that time ; tlien. 

I ^ to be employed as underlings in 

?/amc7is. 
\ ^f at the time in question. 
I |?J in the beginning. 
I "^ in tlie presence of ; face to face. 
[ & to enlist as a soldier. 
I -^ to exercise power ; act with autho- 
rity. 
I f-^ to regard as ; to consider as being. 
I '^ ^ 'dde to assume responsibility. 
I 5E 6^ worthy of death, 
I % 65 IP ^^ offence punishable with 

death. 
I ffe ± 1^ to make liimsclf equal to God. 



136 



14—1 



VOCABULARY. 



m 102 



i^\ A boundary ; a frontier. 

From ^ fii^. oartli ; nnd ^ kong^^ a 
l)()\v. Hence f,^ Iciauij^, a bridle ; ^ kiang^, 
ginger. 

I ^ a limit ; u border. 



■) To fold lip. To repeat. 
tieh 
From ^ i-, proper. 
I j^ ^'^ to fold up. 

The 103rd Radical. 

/J^) A roll of cloth. 
p'ih 

Hence ^ '''"gf^, to decide ; ^ s/i'i^, to 
be ; ^ /!;>■' u-', clear. Compare ^ tseo''\ to 
walk ; J^ tatiJi, the foot. 

c^yiL I Distant. To separate. 
if^ ( ^'areless. 

su 
From jf^ /t;(2, a cap. Hence ^ c/t'zA, 
to order ; j^ .9u/i, quick ; '[^ sony'-^, fear- 
ful ; ;^ so;/y^ to fear ; ^ i^'eA, a plau ; 
M t>ii^, to stab. 
I ff.? idle ; careless. 

^^> To doubt ; to distrust ; to 
(^A^ suspect. Doubt ; sus- 
* picion. 

I W, to be in doubt ; to suspect. 

I "(^ doubt and fear. 

I il^ a suspicious mind ; doubtful. 

The 104th Eadical. 

y ) Disease. 
nih 



From ^ fihip-. to kilL Hence |^ -"i^ieh, 
to set up ; ^ /v(8, the buttocks ; f^ m/i, 
a constable ; ^ 7/i«/i, to die; j^ uiuh, 
not. 



Disease ; sickness. To be 
pi>^(/ ill. A fault ; defect. 

From i^ piiii/, a Stem. Hence fj^ 
piiKj^, authority. 

I A a sick man. 

I ^ sufiteriug ; illness. 

I ^ the aspect of a case of sickness. 

I ,^, sickness ; disease. 

I g\ ^ jj^ sick in bed. 



^) Quick. Sudden illness ; 
tsik disease. 

From ^ shi^, an arrow. Hence f^ 
tsi/i, gorse; ^ tsih, envy. 

I '^ sickness ; illness. 



To ache. Affection. To 
i'<-'>'9 love. 

From ^ tong'^, winter. Hence if-f cliong^, 
the end. 

I ^ pain ; to pain. 

I ^ to love passionately ; very fond of. 



ay^u A blemish ; a flaw. 



5 

From jtfc /.s"'•^^ this. Hence llt| ts'i^, 
the female of birds; ^^ts'i^, a flaw; ^ 
ch'ai'^, firewood; ^ io>P, purple. 



rired ; weary, 



From J^ jii", skin. Hence ^ ;j't\ to 
Hence ^ Touf/^^ painful. Compare f" ' wear ; ^^ po\ a wave ; |^ 2^0'^, vitreous ; 



' ^ ;/o*, to break ; |^ p'ob a slope 
■ po^ lame. 



je«% a covernig ; j~* /mn'', a cliff. 

7X3 Pestilence ; an epidemic. I 11 fatigued ; weak. 

'"''' I I f§ tired ; wearied. 

137 



jT 104 



VOCABULARY. 



6-19 



c7^ Healed ; cured. 

From ^ ts'iien^, perfect. 
fa^ to cure, >.ealed. 



A scar; a mark; trace? 



hen 



From ^ Z-e/?*, perverse. Hence %, hen^, 
to hate; ^ hen^, very; ■^^ken'^> a root; 
0^ ie?i^, the eyes ; ^ i»^ silver. 

^ Painful; sore. Pain. Ex- 
t'ong tremely. 

From ^ iong'^, to burst forth. Henoe 
f^ t'ong^ a pail; || so)?^^ to chant ; 3ig, 
t'ong^, logo through. Compare ^ ^o^^'/, 
daring ; ^ to??^^, buhhiing up. 
I ^ Litter suffering-. 
I % bitter hatred. 
I ^ to weep bitterly. 



Dysentery ; diarrhoea. 



From ^ij Z/*, advantage. Hence g^ /i", 
a pear ; ^ IP, to plow ; ffij Zi^, clever. 
I ^ dysentery. 



Paralysis. Leprosy. In- 
feiig sanity. 

From ^feng^, wind. Hence |g /en^^ 
a Diaple tree; ^fertg^, to rehearse. 

c/JuL Epidemic ; pestilence. 
uen 

From ^ ?/e;ii, merciful Hence fg 
t<enS wroth ; f^ 2(e?ii, gentle ; iJ;^ iiin\ 
to iron. 

I 3* prevailing disease ; plague. 

7/^5 Fevers — remittent or in- 
nioh termittent. 

From Jg nioh, cruel. 



(7^^ A sore ; a boil. 

ck' uang 

From ^ ts'ang'^, a granary. Hence ^ 

ts'ang^, azure; ^ ts\ii>g^, the hohl of a 

ship ; H ts'idvg'^, a guu ; ^^ ta'cDig^, a fly ; 

tM ^■^'i<'i-»!/^, to rob; fij ch' uang\ to create. 

yr^) Lame. 
k'iiih 
From ^ /i;/a\ a scab. 
[ -^ a cripple. 
I M 6^ a hime man ; a cripple. 

yK] Fits ; convulsions. 
hsien 

From f^ hsien^, at leisure. Hence ^ 
fete?i^ rude. 

/iM Skin-disease ; blotch ; lep- 
kd rosy. 

From §1 Z^i^, to depend on. Hence fg 
lan^, lazy; ^| ^'ft/i, a beaver. 

MW Palsy; paralysis. 

^ From li »a^^^ difficult. Hence f| 
^a/i^, a stall ; f|| i'ff?i^, a rapid. 

I 31 'M paralysis. 



(7^ JMad ; crazy. Fits. 
tien 
From ;^ ^/'en^, the top. 
I ^ wild ; mad. 

The 105th Radical. 






Back to back. 



Hence ^ tsi^, to sacrifice ; ^ teng'^, to 
ascend. 

^^ To issue ; to put or send 
-55<5 forth. To rise. To 



fah 



manifest. 



138 



VOCABULARY. 



y\ lo: 



From ^ koiuj^, a bow; and ^ y.lni}, 

to kill. Hence 'jg /ei', to abrogiiLe; '^ 
1)\Ji, to spuit water. 

I J^ to niaiiifest. 

I & to despatcli soldiers. 

I ^ to put forth leaves. 

I pg to send out shoots. 

I ^ to l)ud. 

I ^ to take ail oath ; to swear. 

I ^ to liave au attack of ague. 

I ^ to shew anger ; to get augry. 

I f^h 'ii* ^'* ^'<? zealous. 

I & ^i to uianifest ; to rise ; etc. 

I ^ s* t<^' uiurmur. 

I T III to have acquired wealth. 

1 5l, fe # to swear ; to take au oath. 

( -S. Xo rise ; to mount. To 

^^»i/ record. 

"From S ''^^^ heans. Hence '|g re?i//^ a 

hnnj); |1 cheiig^, evidence; fg c/i''e)i^, 

limpid; ^^ i5cy/(/ , a plinth; |^ c/t'eyi", uu 

orange. 

I 0j to move at ouce. 
I i^ to asceud the Throne. 

The 106th Radical. 

Jzj ) Wliite; clear. In vain. 

Hence fg ;/67i, an uncle ; ijlff f/a^ a 
napkin; ffi /•'«'» to fear; || ts'ueir, a 
lountain ; ^ .'<ih, to study ; j£ 'peh, to 
persecute. Compare Q rih, sun. 
I broad daylight. 
I \l^ to take without payment : to occupy 
without adequate return. 

I g daylight ; in the daytime. 
I H 6^ freely ; in vain. 

Mi A hundred. All. 
Fruai — ih, one. 



I ^ the people. 

I fl all the members of the body. 

I ^ all grains. 

I ^ it tiie lily. 

I ^ J^ a centurion. 

MV) Adjectival pai'ticle. Rc- 
i'ili' lative pronoun. 

From ^ shao-, a spoon. Compare jf.^ 
iuli, a covenant. 

c J^ All ; the whole of. 
k ai 

From j-[^ ^"■^ to compare. Hence |§ 
i(;tV/<\ a stalk ; f^ hia'i}, a flight of steps. 

1^ 

c^3£ Imperial ; august. 
liuang 

From 2 uaug"^, a prince. Hence Ȥ 
huaiKf, s[)lendid ; ^ /iua»r/'', locusts ; 3^ 
hnaiic/^, leisure ; ^ hiuuuf, the female 
phoenix. 

[ ^ the Empress. 



Wliite ; pure. 



kiao 



From ^ /c/ao\ to join. Hence '■^ 
k'uio^, the frontier; ^ //.sv'a©', to imitate ; 
Ij^ /bi'ao^, to compare,; fi^ ^v'ao^, a 
dumpling; p^ iao"', to bite; ^ij^ /;/'rto^, to 

strangle. 

I 1^ brilliant. 

The 107th Radical. 



:)X Skin ; bark ; 



outer cover- 
V t mg. 

Hence ^ jtl^, that; ^ p'i\ to gird; 
Wi po^' ^ wave ; pj^ ^^'y'*, to break ; ^ 
;x'i*, bedding ; J^ 2-"^'j glass. Compare 
;:g /ll^^ a tiger. 
I :jK fur clothes. 
I ^ skin ; wrapjiing. 
I liS p;ip^i" iti^de of bark. 



130 



108 



VOCABULARY. 



4—9 



I ^ a sldn bottle. 

I l£ a tanner. 

I ^ a leathern girdle. 

The 108th Kadical. 



JllL A vessel ; f 



a utensil. 



From ^ hoJi, to unite. Hence P0 hah, 
a hearty laugli; '^^ hsiah, to Ijh^id; '['^ 
k'iah, suitable; ^^ s/nh^ ten; i^ A:///, Lu 
give ; f^' tah, a purse. 



A helmet. 



Ic ut 



Compare ^ hsiieh. Hood ; pO uanff"% a , charcoa 



From ^ huei^, ashes, Ilcnce jj^ Caii^, 



A cup ; a tumbler. 



Bet. 

loei 
From /f puh, not. Compare ^ ?mi^, 
awry; ^feo^, or not? 

I "^ ^ ^ cups, goblets, basins and 
plates. 



I ^ helmet and coat of mail. 

I^^> Abundaut; flourishing. 

JUL Read cJienrf. To hold . 

^^""^'9 to contain. 

From }j^ ch'eng", to complete. Hence 

Jr^ ch'eiig'', a city ; g,^ cliexg''^ sincere. 

Compare ^ kaii^, to affect. 

I I ?^ T Ih filled with vinegar. 

jh3^ To rob ; a robber. 
tao 
From 7j^ tt>^'i\ a series. 
I ^ ^0 I'ob and pilfer. 
I M I'obbers and thieves. 

'^ 
jm^ A lamp bowl. A wine cup, 

c/arn N. A. 

From ^ i.ve?i\ small. Hence -^^ cJ/anU 

a storehouse ; \^ is'ien^, shaHow ; g^ tslen'*, 

^ ^ J to tread on ; f|| i-s/eu^ eonfectionerv ; ||^ 

jnl^) Advantage ; profit. To | Uieu\ mean ; ^ t.ieuS a note. 

increase ; progress. 



cJniL A basin ; a tub ; a pot. 

■ From ^ fen^, to divide. Hence 
iAV, poor; |J5'/eJi\ confused. 



Full ; overflowinof- 
I Ji fall up. 



//t 



Compare ^ kai*, to cover. 
I >^ advantage ; profit. 

growth ; advancement. 



A bowl : a basin. 



From ^ lien^, to yield. 




JUL) A small box with a cover. 
hull 



^JUL A covenant; an oath. 
miiKj Also read mew/. 

From Ujj ming'', clear. Hence '^ meng^, 
budding. 
I $5 a solemn agreement, or oath. 

c JUL To inspect. A gaol. Read 
kieii kic'ii*. To superintend. 

From ^^ h'cn^, robust. Hence 1^ 
IcDi-, a basket ; "^ lair, blue ; |£ Ian"', to 
inspect ; ;j^ lan'-^, ulive ; f^ /a/i", ragged. 
I 5p a prison. 



140 



U— 1<» 



YOCARrLAUY 



M los 



I lia-aul. 




4^1 :\Iulual; reciprocal. Rea.l 


1 *E prisouers. 




cTM ^-m/;^/. To help. A 


I ^ an overseer, a Bishop. 




'''"'y minister of State. Ap- 
jiearance. 

From 7JC iniili, wood. Hence ;||t ^uuxf, 


iifil (^ The utmost ; entirely; all. 




p^ ^ ( To use all ; to exhaust. 


to tlnnk; ^1 suiiKj'-, a box. 


Av ) 




f=: to believe in ; to trust. 


tsin 




1^ appearance ; looks. 


Yrom ip: ink, a pencil ; and j),^ ho^, 
fire. Compare ^ .s/ut'. a boi-k ; (^ f.sin'\ 
the uttermost; ^ c/r^o*, dayh'yht; ^ 




^ in agreement ; to tally. 








-^ to meet together. 


//;m^, to sketch. 




^ intercourse ; to associate with. 


I <C» t^^ "^h) one's hest. 




^ to agree ; to unite. 


I >\± with tlie whole nature. 




^ alike ; the same. 


I M ^'ith all tlie mind. 


[ H of the same species. 


I 5^ the end of ; the linal outcome. 




^ suitable ; convenient. 


1 -jj ro exert to the utmost. 




g contrary ; opposed to each other. 


I ,"g, entirely loyal ; faithfuL 




-f^ concern ; interest. 


\ ^mm ^iii ^11'^ ^0. 




fl in corresj)ondeuce. 


^^ A plate ; a dish. To in- 
t JilL teiTOgate. Expenses ; 


I '^ to talk a matter over. 




ig nmtual care. 


i^'""' costs. 




^ 'te Si I'l'ond contention. 


From 15 pcui^, a manner. Compare 




3C 6il 11 tlie ceremony of intercourse — 


j(^ ch'iiaii-, u boaD. 




the ac't of receiving church 


1 Radish. 




members. 


I ;^' travelling expenses. 




rf^y To see ; to look ; to ob- 


j fj] to interrogate ofRcially. 




'^ serve. Rejid fcan^. To 
^'^'^^"- Avatch ; to look after. 


The 109th Radical. 




From ^ sJi'jo^, a hand. Compare ^ 


^ ) The eyes. An index. 


cAo/i, sign of past tense. 


mull Cliief. 




^ look ! 


Compare r'ih, the sun ; ^ /;p/^ pre- 


1 


fs^ to treat. 

|g to look after. 


cious ; ^ i'fc/i, a page; -^i sheu^, the 
lioad ; ^ />;(V;u\ to see. 




I ^1^ an index. 




^ saw ; seen. 






|g to pay a visit to ; to look at. 


113.. Straight. Upright; honest. 




^ to see through ; to understand a 
matter thoroughly. 


Hi^ce ^ cliih, to be worth ; ^^ cJdh, 




Kf- to guard. 


to plant. 




^- ^ to be able to see 


I 6^j straight. 




;^ ^ unable to see. 


I i>J ^a v" till uow. 




ptj (f.j a door keeper ; a porter. 



141 



g 109 



VOCABULARY. 



4—8 



I ^ T to see accurately ; to take iu 

the situation, 
I 'If "© to shew favour to : to regard 

with partiality. 
I t^ ^ & to uuderstaud clearly. 
I ^VI^M A to select according to ap- 
pearauces. 

pItt To doze. 

tutn 

From Tg tii'en\ to cnllecf. Hence 3$ 
cJiaen^, liouest ; ^^ ^iuieir, pure; ||; t'tien'', 
a meat bull : iRl tii,eii\ to buw. 



TV' 



jj'an 



To hope ; to expect. 



From ^ fcn\ to divide. Hence -^ 
/eu\ confused ; ^ ;>'e//-, a basin ; '^ffn^ 
powder ; ^ j^rtn^ to dress up ; ^ /eM\ 
anger ; ^ p'i>i^> poor. 

I ^ to loug for ; to hope for. 

^>J^ A province. Frugal. To 
'^=% diminish; to save. Read 

^'^"9 siiKj^. To examine ; to 

watch. 

From tj} shao^', a few. 

I f§ to comprehend ; to he sensible of. 

I miest. 

I ^ to look into ; to scrutinise. 

J. \M^ True ; real ; unfeigned ; 

c/ien p-enuine. 

o 

Hence ^ ^ie?i^, to upset; ^ i'ie»^, 
mad; ^ c/ien^, to rule. 

I j£ truly ; really. 

I T^ the true spirit — God. 

I iC> sincerity. 

I ^ truth ; right reason. 

I 5^ true doctrine ; the right way. 

I li A^ really ; truly. 



'U 



The eye. A small hole. 
ien N. A. 

From _g; kii"^, perverse. Hence t^ 
/u'u^, to lijiie; ^ /i(3y/". very; |^ ^■'/i\ a 
root-; ^ Lit'', silver. Compare ^^ llaiig^, 
grain. 

I ^ the eyes. 

I 'io' before the eyes ; now. 

I ^ tears. 

I g the eyes. 

J ^ fj- 'i^hle to judge accurately. 

''^^ To rcgnrd ; to look after. 
kuoi Family ; relatives. 

From ^ ktie)!*. a letter. Hence ^ 
h'im^, a scroll; |^ /b'^.'/i'', document ; ^ 
kviiii^, the fist. 

I II to regard ; to care for lovingly. 



m 



Tlie eye ; the eyeball. 
taing 
From ^ t>i'in<f, nzure. Hence P^ 
t^^ing\ fine weather; '['^ t^'ing'", affectioii^i ; 
In t.-i'iiig^, to request; -J^ t.s'ing^, pure; 
^ ta'ai^, to guess ; jf^ tisiinf-, unmixed. 

|4J|t Fo sleep ; to doze. 
sit a I 
From ^ cJi'iii", to haiif^ down. Hence 
If cli ui'\ a hammer ; |I^ C a'^^ to spit. 
I 1: to sleep. 
I ^ to sleep soundly. 
I ^ to awake. 
1 7 ^ unable to sleep. 

^j io oversee; to superm- 
tuh tend. 

From jj'jjf^ slmli, an uncle. 
I X to look after labourers. 
I ^ to reprove ; to restrain. 



14; 



8—11 



VOCAIU-LAHV. 



B I'^o 



m 



To loolv at angrily ; to 
en stare. 

From ]g iai\ a cliff. Heuce ^ iai^, 
a limit; §1 ar, to suffer. 

Iffi) Friendly ; peaceful. To 
miih promote peace. 

From ^ luh, a road. Hence ^ ZiJi^ six. 

(Py To open tlie eyes. 

From ^ tfipng'^, to contend. Hence ^ 
t.sing^, pure ; f^ tseng^, to earn 3 ^ ^-'e;/^^ 
a kite; ^ tsim/, quiet. 

I 0^ to open the eyes. 

I 1 ^ Bf open your eyes ! 



'5 Blind ; heedless ; rash. 
liaiah 

From ^ Aai*, to hurt. Hence 
hsiah, to govern ; ^ij koli, to cut. 

I -^ a blind man. 

I ^ to talk recklessly. 

I 0j< 65 ^ blind man. 



To deceive. 



From ^ man\ equal. Hence ^ wan' 
full. 
I ^ ^ A you can deceive men. 
I /?• j^ f $ yo^^ cannot deceive God. 



\ Bright; clear-sighted. 
liao 
From ^ //ar/, fuel. Hence ^ /tV/o", 
to heal; j^ /irto^ to singe ; ^ Z/ao% fetters. 
I ^ clear. 

The 110th Radical. 
{Ty A lance. 



Hence ^ mao^, reeds. Compare :^ 
«', to give; ;J' /,y'«r, talent. 

f'}~| To boast. To pity. 

From -^ ^•(//^, now. 
I If to brag. 

The 111th Radical. 

y^ A dart. 
it/ii 

C'ompare ^ f>h'//, to lose. Hence JE^ 
i'if;//, to stumble ; -^^ ni^, to crowd ; i^ ai^, 
dust ; ^ r', a final particle. 

c/TH To know. To perceive. 
c^^'i To inform. 

From P Jceo^-, a mouth. Hence ^ 
c/^z"', wisdom. 

I 5^ to know. 

I ll\ knowledge ; experience ; common 

sense. 
I ^ perception ; to perceive. 
I J£ T ^0 be satisfied. 

IaH a custom. A rule. A 
kit pattern. 

From g hi.*, grent. Compare ^ titan*, 
short. Hence ^ X-u.^, to resist. 

>tA. Short; deficient. 

From "si teo'^, beans. Hence ^ teo*, 
beans ; ^ teo'^, small pox ; |i|[ t'eo", head. 

^§ Short. Stunted ; low. To 
al lower. 

From ^ nei^, to depute. Hence |^ wei^ 
to excuse ; |-^ .s^i\ to bind ; ^ wei^ weak ; 
g| ztei*, to ieed animals. 



143 



^ 112 



VOCABULARY. 



4—11 



The 112th Radical. | I # brimstoue. 

k stone. Read tan\ A I I li -^ JgYLow coloured. 



si ill I 



2)icul=: 133;j lbs. avoir- i X"^^ 

dupois. I lH^ Fraq-moiits ; odds aud ends ; 

broken. 



sill 

From 2^1 tsuh, to end. 
I ^J^ silver iu small pieces. 



Coinpai'e -^ kn^, ancient ; ^ nt^, the 
right hiuid. Hence ijXi ta"^, jealuus. 
I E^ a stone. 
I ^ a stone water-l)utt. 
I '^X " stone planks " — tables of stone. 

|lA To hack ; to chop ; to fell. 
/.'(Ui To throw stones at. 

From ^Ic'ieii^, to owe. Hence P^ c/i'(ti-^, 
to blow; g^ i/i*, to drink; ^ ii'^i', next 
in order. 
I % to stone to deatli. 

I f ^ to chop down. ,,„ - ^ 

a scar; ||^ pan', to move; 

Ttdt^ I phite. 

4yX Broken ; ruined. To break, j f ;g' a large rock. 

From }^ ;/r, skin. Hence j^ p'o^, a 
bank; '{^ po^, a wave; ^ ;;(/^, glass ; ^ ! 
j)fi, that; jl^p't^, to wear; %X P^'^\ coverlet. 
I j^ a rent. 



^^) Green jasper. Rough. 
^i(/^ Laborious ; toilsome. 

From ^ lull, to carve. Hence ^^ hih, 

happiness; ^f; liih, to record; ^ ^«/t, 
green. 



A rock. 



2) ail 



From |g pan'', h'ke. Henc 



■p aii^ 



^^M' ^ stone roller used for 
'TJk huskino- crraii 



am, etc. To 



I M. *^poilt by a rent ; spoilt. 

o To smash ; to strike. 



roll. 



t-)iak 



From [r|T Uo/i, to turn round. 
I ^ smashed to a jelly. 

"^M Hard; stiff; firm. 

iiig 

From |g /.-e^^b to change. Hence ^Jg j 
le)i^\ obstinate ; f^ /ce;/yb l""g white rice ; 
^ pieii^, convenient. 



^% Solic 



loh 



id. Really; certainly. 



c'j'^iL Sulphur. 
Uii 
From ij^ /{;(-, a cap. Hence ^ Zi?r, 
porcelain; J^ s^,i, distant; ^ Itu", to 
^^'J^^'j J5^ ''i'"'; a crown; ^ 5i<b to comb. ) Jioli, a crane. Compare ^ ^se/t, narrow. 

144 



From ^ chaw', to open. Hence |g 
c/ia?j^, to wipe up ; ||| c/mu^, to revolve. 
I it lo husk grain. 

P^^ To grind ; to rub ; to 
y;^ sharpen. Read 7no\ A 
■'^'^ milk To turn. 

From 1^ ma'^, hemp. Hence ^ ina^ 
hemp ; ^ iiw~, to rub ; j^ iiir, entirely ; ^ 
7no'\ an interrogative ; ^ vio^, a demon. 

I ^5" a whetstone. 

I m tribulation ; suffering-. 

I ;l^ to discipline. 

\ M ^ ^ mill-stone. 

I >§. ^ *i^>^"^ round. 



From ^ kioh, ambitious. Hence ^f^ 



It3— 14 



VOCABULARY. 



^ ir 



I i^ certain evideuce; proveu. 

I ^ certiiiii. 

I ^ (I'J reliaMe ; mimistakeuble. 



cvvsi A jetty. 
ki 
From f]| Ju^, a few. Hence 
buugry; 1^ Jc'i^, a machine. 



ld\ 



*Z^ Brimstone; sulphur. 

huahg 
From ^ /niavg^, yellow. Hence ^ 



uieno", crosswise. 



w 



m 



To obstruct : to hinder, 



■ An omen. To manifest. 



From ^ 7~, to doubt. Hence ^ /3, 
to decide ; ^ ning'^, to congeal ; ^ c/i'ij\ 
stupid. 

The 113th Radical. 

?; 

Hence ^ nai'^, but ; |^ sii*, to see ; fg 
.bv*, to sacrifice; ^ tsong'*-, ancestor. 

J ^ to issue a proclamation ; to inform. 

nilL To sacrifice ; sacrifices to 
Si the dead. 

From g, s'j/^, 9 ?.m. to 11 a.m. 

Jr/T To pray ; to beseech ; to 
k'i request. 

From Jp /I'i))^, an axo. Hence ^ so^, 
that whicb ; ^ /js/V, pleased ; jg AiV, 
near. 



I m to beseech. 
I ^ to entreat. 

JlllL Happiness ; blessedness. 

From It c//^^ to stop. Hence j:± clip, 
a foundation ; fjt c/tVt^ to haul ; ^± cM^, 
the hoof ; |Bt cA'r'-, ashamed. 



jJl An ancestor; a grand- 
^^•" father. 

From Jl, ^s'/e^^ moreover. Hence $g 
fsiV, elder sister ; fg. ^s/(\ to rent ; |g; 
^.5'zt\ coarse ; Id ^5?(^ to help. 
I ^ ancestors. 
f :$C ^i' paternal grandfather. 
( # a paternal grandmother. 



\%, To bless. To invoke ; to 
chuh pray to. 

From 5d Jisiong^, a brother. Compare 
^ k'vang'^, still ; ;^ ^«i^ to exchange. 
I HI to give thanks. 
I pM to praise ; to glorify. 
I ^B to bless ; to i)ray for blessings. 



m 



silt 



A spirit; a god. Spiritual. 



Fiom E^ shen^^ to state. Hence {^i ahen^y 
to redress ; |rp shev^, gentry. Compare 
Jlp iah, to pawn. 

I ff^ an image ; an idol. 

I »|^ divine nature ; godhead. 

;^j^ To sacrifice. A sacrifice. 
td 

From 7t i^oh, back to back. Hence ^ 
c7i'a//, to examine; |^ tsi\ then ; ^ ^.s-'aVr, 
to rub. 

I "gl a superintendent of sacrifices— -a 
l)riest. 

I :^ an altar for sacrifice. 

I ^ an offering for sacrifice. 



145 



^3^ 



113 



VOCABULARY. 



8—14 



I IE to sacrifice ; a sacrifice. 
I ^ -^ tlie High Priest. 

>j^ To prohibit ; to forbid ; to 
hin warn. To restrain- 

From :^ ZiV, a grove. Compare ^ 
ts'».^, distinct. 

I Jh to f(>rl)id. 

I :^ to fast. 

I p to abstain from eating. 

I ?^ to prohibit. 

I 2$£ a turnkey ; a jailor. 

z^^ To petition ; to state. En- 

j^i'^g dowment. 

From ^ Zi?2.^, to provide for (contracted). 
Hence f^ lin^, trembHng ; 'J;® lin^, fear ; 
^ lin\ granary. 

I ^ to be endowed with. 
] fg to report to a superior. 
I ^ to be endowed by nature. 

/Ppy Calamity; misfortune; evil, 
ho 
From ^ /.-ua^ a wry mouth. Compare 
^ij kuo?^ to cut to pieces; j^ /.'o*, to cross; 
*^ Ait/i, a bone, 

^"i^ Happiness ; good fortune ; 
/I'PJ) prosperity. Happy ; 
f"'' blessed. 

From g_ fuh, to fill. Hence '^ fa\ 
wealthy; ^fiih, a strip of cloth. 

I ill*, blessedness. 

I ^ happiness ; blessedness. 

I ^ " luippy sound " — the Gospel. 

J||-§ Good luck ; blessings. 

hsi 
From ^ /isi^, glad. 
] ^ a happy New Year. 



'^Hj® \ Propriety ; good manners ; 
/Sifi. ^ pQ|it;gi^gsg_ Ceremony. 

Worship. 



U 
From ^ Zt*, a sacrificial vesseb Cora- 
pare fl i'i^ a body. 
I ff worship ; to worship. 
I "i^ propriety. 
I ^If a present ; an offering. 
I ^g ceremonial robes. 
I ^ ceremonies ; ceremonial. 



M To 

tao 



pray. 



From § sheo'^, old age. Compare ^ 
ch'eo\ a tally ; ^ chit*, to cast metal. 
I -g. to pray. 

The 114th Radical. 

c j^ A footprint. 

7-eo 
Hence ^ k'iii^ a bird ; ,^ ?Z^ a mon- 
key. Compare |~J Jcio)ig^, a limit ; ^ 
n?i/*, within ; (^ ru^, meat. 

(-^^ Birds. 

Hence f^ A;'m^, to seize. Distinguish 
^ Zi^^ bright. 
\ Wi ^ ^ birds, beasts and reptiles. 

The 115th Radical. 



i^i Grain. 



ho 
Hence jflj Zi*, profit ; ffl Ao"-, harmony ; 
fj[. /c'o^, a series. Compare /fc mjt/', wood; 
;^t "ii^ I'ice ; ^ jne7i% to separate. 

i^M% Private; secret; contra- 
st band. 
From Jj^ sV-, selfish. Compare ^ i^, a 

particle. 



146 



4-9 



VOCABULARY. 



51^115 



I 6^ secretly ; secret. 

I ;^ lust ; desire. 

I y privately. 

I M piivate idea ; a secret purpose. 

I ^ ^ a bastard. 



Autumu. 

is ill 
From >X ho-\ fire, llence |^ t^iu^,^ to 
grasp; |^ ^6''/ao\ a sliovel ; f^ isVo'^ 
sorrowful. 



fit Slightly ; a little. 
shao read 67iao\ 



Als 



|>y^ ) ]\l3'sterious ; secret. Also 



read pi . 



From *ij; pi//, must. Compare ^ /;«<A, 
boney ; ^ /^»/', close together. 



ffl 



To rent ; to lease. 



tsic 



From jg[ i'^ie^, also. Hence Jfl. tsir, 
to curse; pj, i^^u^, to hinder; nig. tsit;', 
ancestors; ^ tsu^, to lielp; |j. i6^'ft\ 
coarse ; ^^ tsie^, elder sister. 

c'^^^ To move across ; to shift. 
i To transmit; to convey. 

From ^ fo^, mucb. ('ompare ^ ch'i'% 
wasteful. 

I j^ to move on one side. 
J ~f ^ moved away. 



From "^ siao^, resembling. Ilonce i'^ 
siao^, nitre; f'^" i^iao^, a sbeatli ; fjlj siiek, 
to cut off; Yti ■sict'O^, to mell ; /|§ aiieh, 
lightly ; m si"o^, to fuse. 

I gl;J somewhat; slightly. 

</jiE A journey ; a career. 

From ^ clieng"^, to present. Ilence 
3^ cli'en^, confident. 

I y^ a road ; a course. 



#; 



Tares ; weeds. 



J) a I 
From ^ pei^, base. Hence ^ pei\ a 
tablet ; fi^. j^ei^, to cause ; jf^ i^'ai'^, a sign- 



board , 
servant. 
I ^- tares 



p'i, temper; ^ pi^, a maid 



Seed 



Taxes ; revenue ; duty on 
shui goods. 

From ^ tai*, to barter. Hence |^ 
rui^, a point; 'f-^ lieh, pleased; f^ shoh, to 
speak ; f^ ikh, to examine ; J^ t'oh, to 
undress. 

I ^tax-gatherers; " pnhlicaus." 

I ^^ revenue ; duties. 

J ii -L the Custom House. 



. ^ dn. A kind ; a 
^M sort. Read chon(f. To 
c^'o^'S' sow ; to plant. 

From ^ dwng'^, heavy. Hence ^% 

c/iong^, to swell ; 0j ^o»^*, to move. 

I ^ seed. 

I -^ il to vaccinate. 

To style. To state. To 
praise. To weigh. Read 
clienr/. A steelyard. 
Suitable ; agreeable to. 
Used with #. 
From 1^ cheng'^, to elevate. 

I Pf to designate ; to call. 

I f^ to praise. 

I ill to praise ; to land. 

I f,^ to commend and allow. 

I J^ to spread abroad ; to commend. 

I M au'rceable to one's wishes. 



cli, eng 



u: 



^ 115 



VOCABULARY^ 



10—14 



Agriculture ; the harvest ; 
kia graiu. 

From ^ kld^, a liouse. Hence \^ Jd(i^, 
tools ; j||; kici^, to marry a husband. 

;%5^) ( Graiu ; corn. Substantial. 
I^.i Luc,,,. 

hah 
From q5 hoh, a slicU. Compare f^ 
Aw/, enough. 
I -^ millet. 

%^ The stalk of graiu. A 
hw rough copy. 

From ^ Icao^, high. Hence ifilj k'ao^> 
largess ; ^ Z;'iao^, to strike. 

cSp To revive; to rise again. 

From ^^ ?t^ fish. Hence -^ S7i\ 
plentiful. Compare ;^i| .sze»*, fresh. 
I i^-lesns. 
I ^ W^ *he Christian religion. 

^^) To amass ; to store up. 
tsih 
From ^ /se/i, to blame. Hence f^ 
c7mi\ a debt; f^ ^s///, merit. 
j ^ to lioard up. 
1 ^ to aecumnlatc happiness. 
I ;f^tolayhy. 
I M ^o aecumnlatc. 
I HI to store up riches. 
I *}^ Jik ^ economy in trifles ensures 
ahuudauce. 

^ An ear of grain, 
sui 
From ^, huei^, favour. Hence f;f sui^, 
a tassel. 
[ -^ an ea.r of corn. 



"T^ Dii'ty, unclean ; unclean- 
/it(ei ness. Also read nei'^. 

From j^ s»i^, a year. Compare J|^ 
w/e//, to destroy. 

'1^ Firm ; secure. 
uen 

From ^^ m^ to care for. Hence ^| /rt^^ 
a habit ; ^^ ^H^ secret. 

I g stable ; safe. 

The IIGth Eadical. 

>/ V) A cave ; a den. A grave. 
lisiieh 

Hence ^ kin*, after all. Compare *-^ 
mien", a roof; *-» ?/i//i, to cover. 

;;5^ To examine into. Finally. 
kia 

From 3^ kin^, nine. Hence ^^^ A:iu\ a 
pigeon ; jji ch\'o", to hate ; ^ y(:ue^\ a 
rut- 

I pi] to examine ; to try a case. 

I ^ after all ; in the end ; finally. 



'^^ Empty ; hollow. Insincere. 
c_X^ Head Icong\ A deficit. 
k oi'g "Pq leave a space be- 
tween. Leisure; unem- 
ployed. 

From X ko7ig^, labour. Hence ^ 
kovg^, meritorious ; , ^ /tong", a rainbow ; 
^ kong\ tribute ; fl k'auf, to carry ; fj^ 
kiang^, a river; ;|;I hing^, a carrying 
pole. 

I 4* space ; emptiness. 

I ^ empty hauded ; poor. 

I M leisure ; unoccupied. 

I ^ vacant ground. 

I f^ to lal)Our in vain. 

I S 65 empty ; insincere. 



J 48 



4 17 



vocAnrLAitv. 



y^ 



\\i\ 



*Aji j I A :» l'<»ir person. 

c^ To wear. To tlircad. To , ^ straitened ; l.adlv off 
rh nan Ijore. 



From ^ i(i^, a tooth. Hence if ia^, 
surprised : ^ icr, a sprout. 

I ^ to wear. 

I j§ ^i ^" thread through. 

] _fc f i ^"' l»^t on shoes. 

f ± ^ 3U to pi^t on clothes. 

''p^) Narrow; contracted; meaD. 

tsch 



I S in straits ; reduced to poverty. 
I ^ pT '^ pitiaJ.ly poor. 

c^^ A kdii ; a pottery. A 
««o brotliel. 

From ^ iao", a jar. Fence =g iao-, a 
report ; ^g iao", to sh;d^e ; ^ iao", distant. 



c7^ To pry into ; to watch. 



From /^ r/u,\ sudden Hence f^ M, | ^rom fj ^.„e/\ a custom, 
rtful : l^ did//, a h)cust ; B^ tsoh, yester- >yu 



day ; j;,^ cliah, to fry. 
I f^ the " strait gate." 

^] 

W ;- A window. A shutter. 

cKnancf 

From ^ cli iia)\g^^ tlie flue of a furnace. 
J ^ a window. 
I ^ a window sill. 

^^ Distressed; afflicted. Also 
killn read k'Uht^. 

From ^ I'iliii^, a prince. Hence ^ 
k'ain^, a tlock ; ^j[) ^V//;i\ a district ; IJJ 
liiib?, a skirt. 

I j6 in straits ; in distress. 

<i^ ^ swamp. 
Fiom \%_ lui^, a puddle. 

c!^^ Poor; exhausted. To ex- 
/;"/o/?y haust. 



^ to })ry into. 
I ^ to peep at. 
I gi to listen stealthily 



mi 



To pilfer ; to steal. 



Compare ^pieii'^, to separate ; ^ Ii(a)i\ 
reckless. 

I ^ a thief. 

I M to pm-loin ; to pilfer. 

The 117th Radical. 

_LL) To stand up ; to establish ; 
l-i^i to draw up. 

Hence ^ iiei'^, a seat ; J^ /a\ to pull ; 
fJL ''<''^'\ to weep : fji ^/A, a grain. Compare 
■^ {/;i, a sound ; ^ i/*, a ruler. 

[ f{^ immediately ; at the time. 

I S to decide. 

I ^ij at once. 

I J^ to make up the un'nd ; to deter- 
mine. 

I Jff to establish righteousness. 

I ^^ i± able to stand. 



From 15 fcony\ the body. Compare ^ j I ^ ± ^t to resolve. 
Ji'io?ip'\ lofty. I I J£ ^ J^li a standing place. 



149 



Ji: ir 



VOCABULARY. 



5—15 



^P To stand. A stage of 
chdii journey. 

From t5 cJiaii^, to divine. Heuce f^ 
nien^, to pick up; H,^ t'ieh, to paste; 
f^ cJia-ii^, to be u recipient of; ^ij^ t/ieh, a 
card; ^ c/ia?iS felt; ^^ tieiv'', a dot. 

I ^ to stand up ; to erect. 

I 11 to stand firmly. 

I j^ ^ to stand inside. 

j .::^ 1^ unstable ; unable to maintain. 

I %■ ii ^^^'^6 to stand. 

I :5: ^ fi nnable to stand. 

I -iS f^ i^ ^0 stand on one side. 

^^ The end. Finally ; after 
king all ; at last. 

From ilih, to speak; and JL ^'e"'', 
H man. Hence |§ kUig^, a niirnjr ; j^ 
klng^, a boundary. 
I ^ "^ unwilling in the end. 



(_^A A chapter; 



a section. An 
A regulation. 

Hence ^ chang^^ 
f.s'ao", srass ; M 



cluing essay. 

From ^ tsao^^ early, 
to manifest. Compare ~\ 
.ko\ fruit. 

I ^ reii'iilations. 

c^^ A lad ; a youth. A virgin. 

t'oiifj 
From |i /i-^ a village. Hence H chong^, 
a clock. Compare ;^ cJwng'^^ heavy. 
I ^- a child ; a lad. 
I -k a virgin. 
1 ^ youthful ; immature ; maiden. 



hiek 



To put forth to the utmost. 



From ^ hoh, wliy ? Hence ^% k>'eh, to 
raise; :^* /:o//, a surname; J^ /c'o/t, to 
tliirst ; p|, //oh, to drink; ^ /tsie/i, to rest. 
I -Jj to do one's hest. 



tuan 



The origin. Upright ; de- 
cent. Doctrines ; prin- 
ciples. 

From 7^ chnan^, singly. Hence P^ 
ch'naii^, to pant; J^ shtii*, lucky. 

I IE correct ; upright. 



; sedate, 
dignified. 



I ^ sober 

^yii To quarrel. 

king 

From 5i h^iong\ a brother. Distin- 
guish Ijg A; i;i(/\ to fear. 

The 118th Radical. 






Bamboo. 



cJiuJi 
Compare JPHI U^ao^, grass. 
J- bamboo. 
i^ a bamboo grove. 



¥ 



A pole 

kuH 

From ^ kan 



Staff. 



/.-aJi , tlie liver; 
kaji^, to drive: 
/.•/e»^, crafty ; 



a sbield. Hence Iff 
y^ /ia/<*, perspiration : ^ 
^Ij /t'a/*^, to carve; ^ 



^ Aa/t"*, rare. 



Et A fence. 



c 
^« 

From 2» P^^' ^° collect. Hence ^ 
7;rt^ a handful; flg fei^, fleshy; |G. 7>rt*, a 
harrow ; ^ ^^a^, papa ; ^ ;^a^, a scar. 






To laugh : 
ridicule. 



to smile. 



pleasing. He 



9^ 



lao', to die young ; ^ iao', a phantom 
1^ uh, to irrigate. 
I f{^ to laugh at : to ridicule. 



150 



VOCABULARY 



ft 118 



[^ A series ; a grade. An 
ti ordi]]al particle. 

Compare % ti\ a brotlier ; ^^ fsi^, 
=ister; ■^) t'i\ a ladder; |lj t'i\ to shave. 
1 H H on the third day. 
! M ^ ^^■hich verse is it ? 
1 21 v)a, uumber five. 
I — Jl- the first storey ; first division. 
I 11 1m ^^^^ second (hymn). 
I ~ ^ M ^^ ^^^ ^^'^^ ^^ importance is — . 



, A flute. 



till. 



From i^ iii\ through. Hence ^^ ch'so^, 
to draw out; ifj^ rJico', sisters-iji-iaw ; ^fy 
cJieo", silk ; |i c/ico\ the axle ; ^ itr, 
oil ; |[ll -s/H*. sleeves. 

(i^^l To agree; to tally. A 
f'l charm. 

From f,l fii^, to hand over to. Hence 
^ fn^-, a prefecture; PH /^i', to command; 



Awkward. Stupid. 



2)en 



From 7[S ])e//', a root. Hence ^ poh, 
an alms-buwh 



cA^ 



teuq 



To wait. A sort. 



From •^ hV, a monastery. Hence /is 
sJii'^, to wait; f^ iai*, to treat ; ij^feh^ ou 
purpose ; || &7i/;S poetry; ^ c/t'^'-^, to grasp. 

I f^ to wait. 

I ^ waiting. 

I ff to wait. 

I pj to wait till 

[ ^ of the same species. 

I /fi 3^ unable to wait. 

\ i«J ^ T t<^ W'^'* ""til old age. 



j ^ in order. 

I :^etc. ; a plirase used as a plural 
terniimitiou. 

/^ 
c l^ A basket. 

Ic uaiig 

From [^ Icnaiig^, square. Hence |^ 
Iciiariy^, to cheat. 

j ^ a basket. 

|zn ) To reply. To recompense. 

tali 

From -^ hoh, to agree. Hence J^ kih, 
to give; ^^ «//;;//, to pick up; ff^ k'uih, 
opportunely ; '^ hoh, a small box ; ^ ^c/^ 
to bring. 

I ^ to answer. 

1 M t" answer ; to resjjond. 

( |ptj A tube ; a pipe. 
i'o//g 
From |g i'o"<7% the same. Hence f{^ 
fo?i5r\ a cave ; $^ t'omf, brass : ^ f'oiuf-, 
a varnisli tree. 



^=P^) A peu ; a pencil. A stroke 
l^^h of the peu. 

Fiom ^ ixih, a peucik Hence ^ Iclen*, 
toestabhsh; ^ /.sm*, a ford ; '^ Wi, law. 

1 M 1'^'^ '^'^'-^ ^"^^ ; stationery. 

ciiy '-^liG sinews ; strong. 
hla 
From ^ ra/i, flesh ; and ;/j /^/v, 
strengtli. 
I 13 sinews and joints. 

(^^ A feast. 
ien 
From 5^ ie/i^ to delaj\ Compare |^ 
tan:^, a birtliday. 
I I ;;^- a feast. 



151 



ft us 



VOCABTTLAKY- 



'—It 



) A plan ; a sclicme. 



he/i 



From y^ shuh, to control. Hence f^ 
cTi'ih, to order; >^ so)>f, fearful; 5^ suh, 
quick ; i^ sonf, to fear ; |^ hih, puugent ; 
^1] ts''i\ to stab. 



W^ 



To reckon ; to calcuknte. 



To propose. 



From g onuh, the eyes ; and -jj^ konf, 
liands joiued. 

I ^ a reckoniugiustrnment; au aLaciis. 
I M to reckon accounts. 
I ft to calculate^; to plan. 
I ^, ^ of no special value ; no account. 
I M -iS ^3 all reckoned in. 



c^^ A Avinnowing basket. A 
kl basket for dust. 

From ^ h'P, it. Hence ^ ^i\ a 
foundation;^ ki'^, a full year; It)} Icr, 
a fixed time; fijf .S7\ tliis ; "^ Icr, a flag ; 
^ ^'i\ to cheat. 

^ To govern ; to care for ; 
Zr/^^n to control. A tube. 

From 'g^ laian'^, a ruler. Hence f§ 
l-nan^, a liall ; |'g kuan\ a coffin. 

I ^ to govern ; to control. 

I ^ to manage tlie house. 

I W^ to guard ; to control. 

I f.| to have rule over. 

I H -/.fl 65 the ruler of the feast. 

^-V A verse; a section. A 
MM) joint. IModeration. Di- 
tsie/t visions of time. 

From Ip tsih, immediately, C'ompare 
^f^ lang^, u porch. 
J JH economy. 




limits to expenditure ; within 
bounds. 

holiday times ; festivals. 



An arrow, 



From "Ij ts'ien^, in front. Hence t^ 
tsien^, to fry ; ^" tsioi'"^, to shear. 

c)^^ A leaf of a book ; a sec- 

p'ien tiou. N. A. 

From J^ fien^, flat. Hence H j/ien"^^ 

to cheat; 5^ j^^^^'^t everywhere; f^ p'ien^, 

deflected ; |^ p/e>/^ everywhere ; ^ pien^, 

to plait; ^ ;;/e?r', a tablet. 



^ V A hoop ; a belt ; a fillet. 



From ■;}* sJieo^, a baud ; and ^ tsah,. 
to go round. 

]^li A law. A pattern. 
fail 
From J^ ch'ce^, a cart ; and Q tsieh, a 
joint. 

>^V) 'i'l'^^c ^ genuine. 

From ^ mu^, a horse. Hence 3[f wr/^^ 
agate ; ^|^ ma^, serving woman ; P,|| ma^, in- 
terrogative; ^,1 wrt^ weights ; f^ cJiuanf, 
to rush in ; ^ ma\ to revile. 

I .^ sincere ; real. 

[ fg to believe truly. 

i^, To build— as low walls, 
chuh or altars. 

From ^i; c/iu/i, a guitar ; and ;^ v/i'?//, 
wood. 

cjS a sail ; an awning. 



152 



13— 2G 



VOCAIU-LAIJY. 



ft II' 



From j^ fe'i^g"' to meet with. Hence 

From "^ snh, reverence. Hence If 
siu^, embroidered ; ^ siao^, to whistle. 

^^^ A winnowiug fan. Read 
yo po'^. To winnow. 

From ^ Fr, it ; and ^ p'i^ a skin. 
I 3S a wiimowiug fan ; basket for dust. 

^^ A register. A record of 
population. To regis- 
ter. 



lo)ig'\ all : ^ loriff", deaf ; ^ /c'an^, a 
shrine ; |g Zo?i^'', a hole. 
I fi P to muzzle. 



^p A Lamboo slip, commonly 
c3lX( used in divination, etc. 

tf^ ien ^ warrant. 

From ^ ts'ien'^, garlic. Hence g 
clunif', to re";ret. 



tsih 



From ^ t9//i. Imperial fields. Dif 
tiuouish IIjK ^v/'e/(, to avail of ; with which 
this is at limes interchanged. 

(^^ A tally. To plan ; to 
ch'eo calculate. 
From ^ .s7ieo*, age. Hence JS ch'co 
irresolute ; ^ t'ao^, billows ; |^ tao^', to 
pray ; -jg ch'eo-, a comrade. 
I ^ to calculate ; to reckon. 

^.^S^ ^ basket. 

Ian 
From ^ . Idcii^, a prison. Hence -^ 
Jcaif', a door sill ; \^ lan^, profuse ; ^ 
Ian'-, blue; ^ kieii^, a mirror: |§ '/cj/.^ 
salt ; ^ /fl'?^^, to inspect. 
I -^ a basket. 

<Jj^ A general name for climb- 
feng iug plants. Kattan ; cane. 
From J^ feng^, water gushing out. 
Hence J^ t'eng^, vines. 
f ^ a. cane shield. 

^§ 
<H&4 A cage; a basket. 

lo)tg 
Prom g| ^o?iry^_, a dragon. Hence J|^ 



(pjp: A fence. 
li 

From dd li'-, to leave. 

[ ^ a, bamboo fence. 



1^) To implore; to beseech. 



•101 1 



From ^ /o/^ a flute; and^ kJi, a head. 
I ^ to pray earnestly. 

The 119th Radical. 
/j\. Eice ; uncooked rice. 



Hence ^5}- Uao"^, materials; ^ /c'i*, 
breath ; j^ ^ui", to deceive. 



m 



Powder ; meal. To pow- 
fe)i, cler ; to plaster. 

From ^ fen*, a portion. Hence i^^ 
fen^, confused ; P^ fen^, to command ; |jy^ 
^ja?<^, to dress up ; ^ c/i'a*, fork of a road : 
^l^^en"^, a bowl; ^ fen'^, anger. 
I fi^ to adorn. 

4^1 Materials. To calculate; 
liao to consider. 

From B\- teo^, a bushel. Hence fij- tea'-', 
to tremble; f4 X;iu^, to involve. 



Coarse ; rough ; rude. 



From _g, ^6-'ie^, yet. Hence fiH ^si(% 



153 



^ 119 



VOCABULARY. 



5—12 



it J A m-ain. N. A. 



Uk 



From Yr. lih, to set up. Hence fj^ /a\ 
pull; fi wei'', a seat; fi k"i\ to weep. 



ancestors; IB. tsu^, rent; $1 J«'e^ elder 
sister; |1 i^^u^ to hinder; gi tsu^, to 
curse ; gjj tsu*, to help. 
I ^ vulgar ; coarse. 



to 



'1^ The essence. The best; 
tsin;/ the finest. Skill. 

From ^ t.<<'ing^, green. Hence «^ 
^.s'^jip^ pure; |f ts'ing'^, to request; |f 
^sV//\ to guess; 'jf ^.s'tn/, feelings; P| 
tsing"-, a clear day ; gf isi?2^\ the eye. 

J a^ the essential part ; the essence. 

] Bj^ clever ; smart. 

[ |[5 pure brass. 

] ^ a good soldier ; the best troops. 

c^ To paste. Paste. Stupid. 

From -^^ hn", how ? Hence j^ /iu\ a 
lake; Ij| /ur, coral; fj /iir, to hve; '^ 
hit'-, a lane ; ^j^j /i'^^, a monkey. 

I '^ muddled ; stupid. 



ii^ I Cliafi. 

Uang 
From J^ liauff, peace. Hence 
Icang^j firm. 



E 



o-ruel. 



Dissolved. 
^ 7>2'i=*, ex- 



Vll 



Used for 
travagant. 
From l^ ma"", hemp. Hence ^ mo'^, 
an interrogative ; J^ mo^, a demon ; jp 
?»o^ to rub ; j|^ ma^, hemp ; ^ wo*, a 
mill stone. 
I f^ waste ; extravagant. 



Dung ; manure. 



rent. Hence ^ i^, to 



food. 



Silk. 



immature ; X» ^'^^ 



From I 
brood. 
I i I'f'f'^'^e ; offscouriug. 

- rfi > rrovision ; oram 

1 1 (Dig 
From ^ liang^, to measure. 
I ^ grain. 

[ ^7 a corn chandler's. 
I fl^ rations. 

The 12(Jth Radical. 

si 
Compare :^ 
selfish ; S ^-^ 
connect; $J, .s-ij\ raw silk 
descendant ; ^ /«'i*, 9 p.m. 

>^/| About; nearly. A co- 
?t»V) venant ; an agreement. 
ioh 'j^Q agree with. 

From ^ .<!/ioo^ a spoon. Hence ^ lo^i, 
medicine. Compare 6^ tih, sign of the 
possessive 
[ fi the Ark. 
■ I j£ to agree to. 
I '^ to bind ; to discipline. 
I ^- an agreement. 
I ^ ^ jE iibont noon. 

/FU To record. A record. 
ki 
From a ^-';^ self. Hence §£ j/^t^ 
i worthy ; ^, kl\ to dread ; |il /^i\ to re- 
! collect ; g§; kai\ to change ; ^ /.•"^^ to rise. 
I I ff to place on record. 



ibi 



J^ /isi*, to 
^ men^, a 



154 



^—5 



VOCABULARY. 



^ 12(3 



hong 



Red. 



From X ^ong^, work. Hence ^ kang^, 
^ ]'^'"j fe kang^, a pole; ^ k\ing", to 
carry on the shoulder; ;^ kiang^, a river; 
^ Icong'^, empty; W k )ng\ tribute. 

I ^ "red Ijri.glitnejs " — redness of the 
sky. 

[ '1% the Red Sen. 

I M^'' ^^d agate "—sardonyx. 

I K ^"i"ed precious stone" — jacintli. 



M 



Confused ; disorderly ; 
fen mixed. 

From ^ feii^, to divide. Hence ^ 
fen'\ powder; ^ ^^c/ji^, to dress up; ^' 
p'iu'^, poor ; ^ p'e)i', a bowl. 
J ^ to wraugde. 
J ii^ 7 "~^ eoufussd ; all sorts. 
1 1^ ilL iL diiiorderly ; in confusion. 

:^^^ Plain ; uuorriaracnted ; or- 
dinary. Simple. For- 
merly. 

From ;^ chw', a lord. Compare ^ 
wh, a cord ; ^ tseh, to reprove. 
I 'r^ constantly. 
J 6^ plain ; unadorned. 
I 35 i^P till now ; heretofore. 



fiyj To reel; to spin. 

fang 

From ;;§' fnnr/^^ square. Hence ^jj 
fang^, a shop ; |5§ fcmg'-^, to guard against ; 
^J5 /an9\ an obstacle; "^fang", a house ; 
"i^ fang', like : %j} fang'\ to inquire into. 

^^ 

^?lf> ) Rope ; cord. To demand : 

soil to ask. To search into. 



Distinguish ^ su*, plain. 
Pure ; simple. 



.1 

sliuen 



From fg t^up.n". <o collect. Heace §i^ 
£fie?f*, dull; 1)^ t'nen^, meat balls; 3i£ 
chuen^, honest ; t^ tuen*, to bow. 

I ^gentle. 

I ^ pure; spotless. 

^ Purple. 



6'/6 



l^= 



To 



From p^ ?uii^ within, 
to blurt out. 



To receive. 
Hence p^ nah, 



I ^ to PJ'V taxes. 

I fl to pay taxes in grain. 



Hence ^ ch'ai^ 



si 



m 



streaks. 



iioi 
From ^ ?/en\ elegant. Hence $^ 
^7en-. mosquito ; :gp t^vi'*, stingy ; ^ ^/.c/i'*, 
■ravelled. 



From iJfc i.^'P, this, 
firewood : Jjlf; t5'i\ a flaw ; Jg ^s'z\ a flaw 
I ^ pur})le colour. 

I BH '"p'trple crystal" — amethyst; chrys- 
talline quartz. 

Fine ; minute. Carefid ; 
carefully. 

From Q i'-ie/i^ a field. Compare B^ 
lioh, a little. Distinguish |j^ c/i'eo^ silk. 
I f^aspy. 

\ If to enter into detail. 
I IH 65 finely ; accurately. 
I M ^i ^lie ]ieni])en cloth, or linen. 

dt^ The end ; finally. Death. 
choiig The wliole of. 

From ^ tong'', winter. Heace ^ 
t'eng", to ache. 

I ^ after all. 



5^ 120 



VaCABULAEY. 



I tlie whole day 

I :^ all uiglit. 

I tj^ in the end. 

I ^ A lifetime. 



^f A fetter ; a loop. To trip 
2Min over. 

From ^ 2^onS a half. Hence ^^' pan^, 
to mix ; f^ _2X/?i\ a comrade ; ]^^p'o.ng'^, 
fat; ^ j/a?«*, to revolt; ^ij _^J^m\ to 
judge. 
I p to trip over ; to be hindered. 

y^ To implicate ; to troiiLle. 

llli 

From Q t'ien^, a field. Hence (Jlf. /o-, 
spiral; jf^ /o", scrofulous. 
I M ^0 embarrass. 

:Mt To contract. To form, as 
^Fl > fruit. To tie a knot ; a 
^^"^^ knot. To settle an ac- 

count. 
From ■§ /aVi, lucky. Compare ^ /isi^, 
pleasure ; ]^ c7ieo\ completely. 

^ fl to bring forth ears of corn. 

I ^ the finale ; the outcome. 

I :f a knot. 

I ^ to associate with. 

I ^ to form cliques. 

I H ■? ^o bear fruit. 

I itl ^ ti) produce, as fruit. 



cfi^i^ Sponge ; velvet. 
1 rong 

j From 5^ rong", a weapon. Compare 
j ^ i.se//, a thief. 

I j -^ flannel ; velvet. 

^^^ Eefuse silk or cotton. 1 o 
*" reiterate. Talkative. 

From ^n ?'?(", like. Hence ^, .v/nt'', to 
forgive ; ^ wa'-^, to take. 



J Bonds. To tie up. 



iiek 



From 
' to leak. 



', to draw. Hence ^^ sick. 



0;L All ; the whole. To gov- 
tong ern. 

From ^ cliovg^, to fill. Hence |^ 
cKong^, a bJunderbus. Compare j^ /iit\ 
to flow. 

I ^ a military Commandant. 



TptJ) To cutoff; to exterminate. 
tb?(e/i Decidedly ; extremely^ 
From -^ sell, colour. 



fp) To give to. For; to. Also 
kUt read A'Ci^ 

From ^ hoh, to agree. Hence '{"p 
'/•/«/i, opportunely ; ^^ shih, to pick up ; 
^ Jio//, a small box ; ^ ua", to briiig. 



ApQ) Unreeled silk. To connect. 
/o/i Connected ; continuous. 

From ^ Z;o/i, each. Hence ^ Hoh, a 

little ; 5^ Z?/'', a road ; ^ .^-'e/i, ii jruest : 

;^ Xe//, a rule ; ^ /.o/i, a council; P^ /o/;. 
affinal particle. 

^ To bind ; to tie. 
faiig 
From ^ pcwg^, a, region. Hence ^ 
I pavg*-, to help. 
I I Jl to bind. 
I I ®?i^totieup. 

I $!(? Classic books. To pass 

i J^h through ; to experience. 

' ^"'S' Already. 

From. ^ Icing'^, flowing water. Hence 
If //ii>g\ iiglit ; ^^ hiiig\ a patl;. 
I i^ to pass by ; to have experience of. 



loG 



7—9 



VOCABULARY. 



7(\ 1^^> 



I :^ to negotiate ; to inauage. 

I '^ business ; ()ecui)ation. 

I Jl IB ^ it is written in the Scriptures, 



A Jeep red colour. 
kiang 
From ^ kiavg^, to descend. Hence 
P^ /i'iong*, to descend; ^ fe))g^, to Lap- 
pen ; '^./eiig'^, a bee ; ^fevg'^, a summit; 
^./i:'/'<7\ a point. 
I -gi ^ a scarlet rol)e. 

;p^ A net ; a web. 
iiang 
From 1^ uang^, a net. Compare |^ 
kang^, a principle. 
I H nets ; traps. 



All opened seam. Eent ; 
chan ripped open. 

From ^ ^ii^g*, to fix. Hence |^ i'n'{;\ 
an ingot ; '^ tien^, indigo. 

>&jsj The large rope of a net. 

<Wm Laws ; principles. A 

'^'"".^ bond. 
From \^ kii)f/\ a mound. Hence ||| 
kaiig\8[eA; l^' ka))f/\ a jar; pgij kamj'^, 
hard. Distinguish -fj^ uang", a net. 



»^ ( Cotton. Soft 
-t^ ( Continuous. 



From J^ chei?, all. Hence J^ ^mo^ to 
fade ; ^ tiao^, engraved ; jl| c/ieo\ to 
revolve; i^^ clCco^, crowded; gj^ t'iao^, 
to mix. 

I |[5 silk and satins. 



c/J^ Destiny; affinity. A 
'(icu cause ; a reason. 

From ^ I'uan^, to explain. Distinguish 
i||< ^^^^h green. 
I 1^ a cause ; a reason. 
I {j^ the reasons whereby ; causes. 

c^yiHj To plait ; to weave ; to 
vi<^» fabricate. 

From ^ j:>^V;r, a tablet. Hence {^ 
p'ieii^, on one side; ^ pieii*, everywhere ; 
^ 2)'ie)i'^, a section ; ^ p'ien'^, to cheat. 
I l£ a weaver in bamboo. 
I jb to fabricate ; to make u}). 
I f^ ^ to plait into a crown. 



kill 



' a principle running through a book ; 
etc. ; the leading point. 



dow 



i^y- 



From ^ pe/i, Avealth. Hence |,| khr, 
embroidered. 



Tight ; strict. Important ; 
urgent. Promptly. 

From ^X ^^ic^'^, robust. Hence ^ .sheir^y 
the kidneys ; g aJni'^, upright; ^ fisior^ 
virtuous ; ^ sku'^, to erect. 

/p^ ( Thread ; cotton ; wire. A 

W) ' 

SI en 

From ^ t. 

money ; ^^ 

trample ; % 

shallow ; ^ 



cl 



I ^ a shec; 

M 

m 

c/ieo 



Silk; silk cloth. 



lien 



ncn^, small. Hence ^ tsicjt", 
chan'^, an inn ; ^^ tsieit"^, to 

J tsieii^, mean ; f^ ts^ieir\ 
(■^'an-, to injure. 

To practise. To drill. 



From ^ /.-/e?!^, a card. Hence |^ /oi 



to reprovt 
to refine ; 



kien'\ to select ; 
lioi^, to smelt. 
[ ^ to practise. 
[ ^ versed iu ; experienced. 



heh 



15: 



3^ 120 



VOCABULARY. 



9—11 



^'^ Satin; silk 



cloth , 



From 15 tuaW^, a section. Hence ^^ 
tua)i*, to fui'ge. 



/>g^) Crreeu. 
/iih 
From ^ A?//, to carve. Hence |^ //</i, 
lifippiness ; ff; Z;</i, to recoi'd ; ^ /^<5/i, 
toilsome. Distinguish ^ ifcJ)i^ destiny. 

I S 'S " ti'i^"6eu i^recious stone " — eme- 
rald. 
I M ^ "greeu agate" — chalcedony. 

f(^ -^ clue ; to connect. 

m 
From ^ c//<«^, a pronoun. Hence ^ 
^^^^, to gamble ; j^ tl(/\ to stop up ; |^ c/iui, 
a pig; 1^ chn^, all ; ^ c/iit^ to boil. 

J^^ To sew ; to stitch. Read 
^^fv^ fciicf. A joint ; a seam ; 
f'ii'g a crack. 
Fi'om j^ feiig^-^ to meet. Hence ^ 
feng^, a leu ; ^/"fUf/^ to offer. 
I ^ to sew clothes. 



/|v|^ A District = subdivision o f 
h^ien Prefecture (j^). 

Hence ^ hsilni^, to hang up. 



^^, To strangle oneself. 
i It. 
From g t/i, advantage. Hence [fg iai*, 
a defile; t^ s/n^ a memoir. 



c^^^ Many ; troublesome. 
fa)i 
From ^ ?7rei^ each; and ^ puh, to 
strike. 
I ^ niany ; overburdened. 



To let down. A cord. 



From jg cJuti^, to follow. Hence fjg 
cKui-, to beat; f| ch'ui^, a hammer. 

^J-j^f) To bind. Also read poh. 

fuh 
From ^ fu^, to arrange. Hence fH 
poh, extensive ; j^ Vaan^, to knead ; ^^ 
jjo/i, tbe arm; f§ cJiuau^, to preach; |^ 
p«^ a register; f^ ijoh, thin. 

^M^ Rumpled; wrinkled. Wrin- 
nwy kles. Interchanged with 
tseo ^^^ 

From ^ ^960^, fodder. Hence ^ /^'m.', 
to hasten; ^ ^seo"*, wrinkled; || tsii^, a 
fledgling, 

I /|j^ wrinkles ; creases. 

'M$^ All; general The chief. 
J. ,^ > lo manage. An em- 
iJuJl 3 phatic particle. 

t:song 
From j^ ts'onc/, hurried. 
I i^ that ou which something depends ; 
the chief point or principle. 
^ a Viceroy. 

^ a manager ; to have the manage- 
ment of. 
^ to superintend. 
^ must ; indispensable. 
15"=;^ finally ; in the end. 
^ f\^ of course it is. 
M ^ y^^^ nmst certainly go. 
^ -^ unwilling without doubt. 



}^^ I To surround ; to wind 
S*^ I round. To go a round- 
7^ J about way. 

rao 
From ^ ^V/o^ eminent. Hence fj rao"^, 
to pardon ; j^ shao^, to burn ; j^ /;mo^ 
to irrigate; ^ «r/o^ to vex; I^ hsiad^Ao 
know, 
I g& to make a detour. 



158 



12—21 



VOCABULAKV. 



f^> 120 



'^^ To Ijiiul. 

From ^ Ii(i;\ to implicate, llonce g^^, 
lo^, a mule ; lllf. /o^, spiral. 
I f^ l>oiuls. 

H*»(iE To loose ; to allow. Al- 
taoiig though ; granting tliat. 

From 1^ Won(f\ to follow. Heuce f^ 
fsoiig^, a trace : ^ soiig^, to incite. 

^|J^) To weave. 

cli'ih 
From ^ c/^i//, a fire. Hence ||| s/it/i, 
to know : f^ cJiih, rank ; j|^ c/i'i/i, brilliant. 

I ^ to weave cloth. 

I ^i a loom. 

I tH ^'^ weave and reel ; to spin. 

</rH To interpret ; to translate. 
f(m 

From ^ fan^, a barbarian. ITence >l^ \ 
fait'^, to roast : l^fan^, to upset ; t§ f(iu'\ 
a Provincial Treasurer. 

I S- ^*^ translate books. 

I m ^ to translate. 



I ® to gird the loins. 

I T ^ to let d(nvn. 

I ± ?T? •? to put on a girdle 



A bridle ; reins. 
Iclaiig 
From g kiaiuf, a boundar)'. Hence 
1^ hlang^, a boundary; ^ kiang^, ginger. 
I IHE reins. 

?y^ To connect. To ado[)t. 

From [^ /a"\ to connect. Hence [§{ 
f»a?i*, to break. 

[ ^ to re-marry. 

I ^ to connect ; to carry on. 

To bind. To involve. To 
hamper. 



sheng 
From ^ 



A cord ; a rope. 



a fror 



I -^ r(»pe ; twine. 

i,*^' The hem or border of a 
'l'^ garment. A tassel. Used 
sui with li. 

From ^, /iuei'*, favour. Hence ^; •sta'*, 
an ear of grain. 

1^' To bind; to gird. To 

^^^ draw ; to let down. 

Also read ]u\ 

From ^ kill, to attack. ( 'ompare ^ 
kill, to knock. 



j From )^ ch'an'^, a market place. 
1 M t<^ annoy. 
I ^ to implicate. 
I ^ involved ; bound by ties. 
I i^ to bind round; entangled. 

)p^) To connect ; continuous. 

suh 

From "^ mai*, to sell. Hence ^ ^uA, 
to defile ; ^ i?f/i, to study ; jg| .s7/m/i, to 
redeem; i[^ iSu/t, a calf; ^"^ tuh, a tablet. 

sl^I Just now ; then. Hefore. 
ts'ai After. 

From ^ ch'mr, a hare. 
I ^ j^^st arrived. 



CjMf^ 



Ian 



A hawser ; a cable 



From ^ hin^, to inspect. Hence 
lan\ vi\\ olive tree; ^ l(m\ to grasp. 
I ^ cordage ; thick ropes. 



159 



&121 



VOCABFLARY. 



3—17 



The 121. ST Radical. 



■^ Pottery. 

feo 



Hence g[] sie^, to unload ; ^i /cileh, 
deficient. Compare ^ u'-', noon; ^J shan'^, 
a mountain. 



cftt) A 



cistern ; an earthenware 
jar. 



hang 



From X J^ong'^, labour. Hence ^ 
ancj^, a river ; ^J hoiu/, red ; ' ' 

attack; ^ k'oiig^, empty; ") 
erit ; "^X Icang^, a pole. 

I n the mouth of a jar or vat. 



The 122nd Eadical. 
% A net. 

vang 
Hence ^ mnv^, to buy. Compare 
muh, the eye ; JSL wmg'^, a dish. 

Rare ; strange ; scarce ;. 
few. 
From ^ haii^, a shield. Compare ^ 



han 



kiancj^, a river ; ^ Jioiu/, red ; ^^ /.•o?i^\ <5e/i, narrow 

to attack; ^ ,l-'oy/r7\ empty; J-fj ko'uy\ I . ;^ rave ; of rare occurreuce. 

merit ; :fl /iYf>,'<7\ a pole. 

[tj A negative ; not. A net. 
^Lang 
Hence ,^ uan(/, a net. Compare ^ 
/a?igf\ a great principle. Distinguish ^ 
hang^, a mound. 



15'Ci A deficiency ; a vacancy. 
Jciieh An official post. 

From ^ /.v/a-i^ certain. Hence 'tl^^'zmi'^ 
quick; ^ u?^"^, brave ; |^ hiieh, a mystery. 

I ^ deficiency. 

I )}; short — as funds, etc. ; a lack. 

I ^ need ; short of the full amount. 



m^- 



A bottle. A wine-cup. 



From ^ tsiier^, honourable. Hence 
^ tsuen'^, to obey; ^ ^^/eji^ to squat; ^ 
tieu'^, to offer libations. 



/Ci 



I) 



A jug; a pitcher; ajar. 



•^^ A hindrance. To be an- 

kua xious. 

From ^ hiei^, a gem sceptre. Hence 
^1^ kua^, to divine ; ^^ kua^, to hang up : 
f^ liar, a baby : ^ j^a^ a frog ; l|i| 'uei''^, 
a curtain ; |§ sliui^, who. 
J Ji; anxiety. 
I ^ t*^ think about anxiously. 

^|i Sin ; crime ; wruDg. Suf- 
tsui ferino-. 

o 

From fei^, wrong. Hence p fev\ 
to slander ; || /ei'^; a vagabond ; ^ /<?i'', 
variegated. 

I ^ sins ; retribution. 

I j^ transgressions ; sius. 

I ^eviL 

I 3li a criminal. 

1 A an offender 



From 1^ kuan'^, a heron. Hence ||| : - 
l'aen\ power ; H 7j//o?ib to see ; fj /n(«n\ I ^ ^ criminal case. 
pleased : M k'uen\ to exhort. | j|g sius ; wrong. 



160 



;— 14 



VOCABULARY. 



113 122 



( ^ to charge witli a fault. 

I ^ JS 5c ^i"^ reaching to heaven. 

I iS i^i :S the measure of ini(|uity is full. 



I A 



.') 



cover ; a shade. 



'/ic/y 



From ^ choh, exalted. Hence |f 
cJtoh, a tiible ; ^^ tiao\ to full. 
I ^ covered. 

^^ To cnrse ; to revile ; to 

via abuse. 

FiDUi ^j ?>ia^ a liorse. Ilence P,^ ??i^\ 
an intcn<)f:;aLive; j,% ma'-, a nurse; {S| 
7?ia^, a weight. 

I f^ curse him ! 

I A ti^ p"§ fihusive expressions, 

pU ) To punish ; to fine. Pun- 
j'dli ishmeiit. 

From ■glj hsiien", a voice. 

Hti To cense ; finished ; sigu 
l^a of the imperative. 

From "^ «e»//^ able. Hence ^ 2'^''^ 
to place ; ^ hnionrf, a bear. 
I ~J* finished ; that is enough. 



(/ftlb A net. Gnuze; a thin 
^0 kind of silk. 

From jfif ifp.i-, a curtain. Hence fl 
lu", a g()ii<^ ; ^ lo", a hamper. 
I -^ a net. 
I ^ the compass. 

The 123kd Eadical. 



King 



A sheep ; a goat. 



Hence ^ A/^rt';^*, good; ^ cA'ai', to 
send; ff: iang'^, foreign; |f Uiang^, 



cnrefully; f^ Uiang-, auspicious. Com- 
pare ^ A7Ji\ bitter. 

I ^ a flock of sheep. 

I ^^ a himh. 

I ^ sheepskin. 

j ^ sliee2)'s wool. 

^^ Beautiful; comely; ad- 
7U6'i mirablc. 

^ From ;;^ iJa"*, great. Compare ^ t^ 
righteous ; ^ s«e?i'*, to desire. 
I M ^ good intention. 
[ ^ excellent food ; delicious. 
I ^ ^ good name. 
I "^ a praiseworthy matter. 

cik^'fc A Iamb. 

From „^^ /lo^, fire. Hence |^^ ^ao\ 
confectionery. Compare ,^ ma^, a horse ; 
® heh, black ; ,^ li^, black ; ^1^ niao^, a 
bird. 

I :^ a lamb. 

c/^^ Shame ; to feel ashamed. 

SI 14 

From 3: c/iVo^, 1 to 3 n.m. Hence |^ 
6i(ii, viands. Distinguish ^ c/i'at^ to 
send. 

I ^ a sense of shame. 

I '^ mortified ; ashamed. 

! '\^ cliagriued ; mortified. 

I Jp shame ; disgrace ; to insult. 

-^^ A flock of sheep ; a herd. 
A group. A crowd ; a 
company. 
From ;§■ kiiin^, a prince. Hence ^|) 
k'iin\ a department ; ^^ k'iiiii'', a pet- 
ticoat ; ^ tiicciuf, a granary. 

•r ^ j Eighteousness ; morality. 
^S Public. Patriotic. Free ; 
* common. Meaning. 



k'tiiii 



161 



':^ u-.} 



VOCABL'LAKY, 



^^ To covet ; to long for. To 
sieii admire. 

From '{fl hsie)^, salivn. 
f ^ to admire ; to desire.. 

The 124th Radical. 
^^ Featliers. 



AVino-s, Fins. 



:]b"i 



Viigjibond; f^ pei^, syuipaihy. 
^ cln'vsoprase ; malachite. 



From ^ (;3, I. Hence fg /^ to di.scus.s; | c!a.s.s ; ^^ p'ai~, to arrange; g| /ci^, 

^ i^, ceremony ; ^ i^, au ant. ' 

[ J\, a righteous man ; a fair-minded 

j^erson. 
\ ^ a free school. 
I ig laud tilled for the benefit of the 

poor. 
I ^ an adopted son. 



ta'ai 



The king-fisher; the hum- 
mi no^ bird. 



From 2{£ tsnh, a soldier. Kence 
sui\ fragments; g| tsui\ drunk. 



haih 



A pencil' 



From [^ chV, a branch. II(!nee i^ 
Tcr, forked ; j^ ch'i^, a branoli ; ^^ hi'^, a. 
liarlot ; ^ h^, dexterous; |j^ cKi^, the 
limbs. 
I livings. 

c^^ Venerable ; a term of 
oiuj respect. 

From ^ hong^, pubhc. 

^ ) To praetise ; to study. A 
nih custom. 

From ^ peh, white. Hence ^ cheh, 
to fold. 

I ^ to study. 
I f^ accustomed to. 
I W. ^^ become experienced by practice. 

:^^ A cock king-fisher. 
fci 
From p /et\ not. Hence B|f /;r, cnlf 
of the leg ; 5^ /ei^, variegated ; f^ pel^, a 



From f^ hau^, sunrise. Compare %'l 
ktiu^, dry; ^ kan^, ability. 

[ ^ the iTa?i.-/i?i Academy ; the liighest 
literary degree. 

To upset; to overturn. 
To re-open, as a case at 
>"' law. 

From ^ fan^, a foreigner. Hence ^ 
fav}, to translate; J^/a;r, to roast. 

I ^ to capsize a boat. 

I 2j^ M "^ t'^ 8'^ backwards and for- 
wards ; reiteration. 

J 1^ jl5 ^ ^'J I'i'^c up, as waves. 



Glory; brightuess; splen- 
lao dour; honour. 

From ^ kuang^, briglit; and '^ chui^, 
a bird. Compare ff tih, to buy grain; || 
/'iao'*, to sell grain. 

The 125th Radical. 

*"ii?^ Old; nged ; venerable. 

■"X^ A term of honour and 
^'"^ respect. 

Hence ^ hsiao^, filial. 
I "j* old ; grown old. 
j ^ " old gentleman " — a term of re- 
spect ; a District Magistrate. 
I tjf old and young. 
I ^ expei'ienced ; experience. 



162 



1—4 



VOCAP.rLAItV 



«• I'-'.-, 



( f> To examiue ; 



to test. 



k'llO 



From r^ k>»(/, a bow. Heiioo j,^ k'ao-'-, 
to \v;irm ; ^^ k'/io'-^, to examiue by lurlure. 
])istiiigui^li ^ hh^uio*, filial, 

I ^': to euquire iuto. 

I ^ to examiue into. 

I ^ to examiue judicially. 

A relative pronoim. A 
^^^ particle addiiio- aJi adverb- 
ial or adjectival force to 



dice 



the words it follows. 



From Q rh'/. n. day. Hence ^ cho/i, 
past [)arliciple : ^ tu\ all. 

The 1'2()TH I^vhtcal. 



( ill] And ; and yet ; also ; but ; 
•?'i nevertheless. 

Henco i^j- }iai*, to endure; .^. .<ihurp, to 
sjxM't ; %j .si'lK must. Compare 'gji 7?i/cu\ 
a face; "g" peli, a buudred. 

I JX nior cover. 

35< To play: to trifle. To 
•''^""^ loaf.' To gamble. 

From ^ n.^, a female. Di^tingui.sb ^- 
{au\ to want. 

liiri Patient. To bear; to 
"'li' endure. To last. 

From -ij- t'i'iieii^, an iiicli. 
I »f^> patieure. 
I ^ i^ :^ it'' eauuot last lon^^ 

The 127tu Radical. 

tIv a plough. 

Compare ^ muh, M'ood ; %^ l,-<it]i, by 
means ef. 



cT/l To plough. 
k III/ 

From ^ ;!.s/'//p^, a well. 

I 03 to plouo-h the fields!. 

I jtjl to plough. 

I fl 6^ t^"(' ^vho plouglis and $ows ; a 
farmer. 



'I 1^ To waste.; to destroy. A 
liao rat. 

Fi-om ^ macr, hair. Ht.-ace ^ mao^ , 
old; ^ c'/ir^?yd, felt. 

I Hl' to squander ; waste. 

I ^ T to ruu through all — propertv, 
etc. 



/fj^ A pan- ; a mate.. 



From ^ ?■/:-, a monkey. Herice ^ ?fc', 
to lodf;e; f,^ eo', an image; ^ /m//'. a 
myriad ; [J^^ /r, a corner ; j^ a', to hap- 
pen ; t9?j ^r, silly. 

The 1-28th Radical. 

-^ The ear. 

Vi, 

HeuGO ;^ /.s-"/Z3, to select ; % kan"-, to 
dare ; ^ c/t z^, shame. 
I ^. deaf. 
I ^ the ear. 

c'i'JIi A final interrogative par- 

'ic tide. 

From |I 7.9/6//. a joint. Hence |f ie~, 
a grandfather. Compare PjJ k\'o'^, to tap. 
I ic JESUS. 

-=rf Holy ; sacred ; reverend. 
slicin/ Imperial. 
From ;g clbeiu/, to state. 
1 i'iholy : pure. 



loa 



m 128 



VOCABULARY, 



8-1: 



I ^ the "Bible. 

I ^i^ the Holy Spirit. 

I 3^ the "Holy Metropolis "—Jerusa- 
lem. 

I A a sage ; Confucius. 

I ^ goodness ; holy. 

I ^ the Holy Place. 

I ij^ " a holy follower " — a saint. 

^"K- To assemble ; to meet to- 
tsd gether. 

Compare J^ ts^ii^, to select ; ^ fs^i'r, 
to marry; ^ tsui^, very; ^ ckonr/, a 
multitude. 

I # to gather together. 

I ^ to assemble. 

I Wi to gather ; to collect. 

I 5^ T '^^1 present. 

^Vi To invite by presents. To 
p'i'i^/ betroth. 
From ^ 'p'ing'^, hast3% 
I S betrothed ; engaged. 

"m^ a sonud ; a voice ; a tone, 
c ^ Eepntatiou ; fame. To 

«'^«"5' state. 
From f^ Ving^, a sounding stone, 
I ^ a tone ; a sound. 
I :g reputation. 
I ^ a sound ; report. 



m 



cn>& Astute ; to perceive clearly. 
ts'ong 
From ^, ts'o}ir/'^, an opening. 
I 0^ clever ; intelligent. 



To excite ; to stir up. 



song 



From ^ ts'ong'^, to follow. Hence 
tsong^, a trace ; |^ taont/, remiss. 
I fj^ to Q^g on ; to stir up. 



To connect ; to unite. 
lie^^ Scrolls. 

From ^0^ .n\ silk (ultered). 
I ^ to join ; joined. 
I ^§ joined to ; in fellowship with. 

:^ 

•S^^:, To whisper. 
nieh 
Hence ^" shell, to control. 

flW) The duties of office. An 
ch'ik official post. To oversee. 
From ^ cliih, a sword. Hence j^ 
cKih, splendour; ||| cluh, to weave; ||J{ 
chih, a banner; %^ alah, to recognise. 
I ^ official business. 
I ^ duties ; official duties. 

c^jiJlN f To hear ; to listen. Read 
D Ft 1 ^'"^i/*- To comply with. 

t'iiig 
Compare {* /e/;, virtue. 
I ^ heard ; to hear. 
I ^ to obey; to heed ; to fall in with. 

I ?^ i^s one pleases ; let it be at the 

option of. 
I ^ ^ unable to hear. 
I jiE S to listen to preaching. 

c^ Deaf. 
loi>g 
From fl lo}vf, a dr.'ip;on. Hence %% 
long"-, to grind; ^|| Jong^, to collect; I|| 
Zo//(/-, a gpni; ^11 /yy/(7^ a cage; f| /o/?i/^ 
a li(jle ; ^ cICoikj'^, grace. 
[ ^ a deaf person. 

The 129th Radical. 



hih 



A pencil. 



Hence ^/h'/i, a pencil; ^ //jm'*. to draw; 
:g: .s7i?^^, a book; f^ /«//, a law; j^ ^/'e?i^, to 
^^ ii'i', a wife; "^ suh, awe. 



1G4 



VOCAIU'LAUr. 



ill: 1-9 



fi-p- Four. Dissolute; reckless. 


I j:^ ric-Ii soil. 
I H plnni]). 


61 


1 ^ well-ll'd animals. 


From ^ cJiam/^, long. 




Thk 13UTH ILvniCAL. 

rpl / Flesh ; meat. Also rccad 

■nilo 


c)H The shoulder. 


kloi 


Fi'om 15 //((■*, a door. 
1 Cl the shoulder. 


Compare \~] Iciovg"^, a limit ; ^ nul^, 


c^ The limbs. 


within ; |/g reo', a ioutpriut; [^ l'i^'9\ a 


Stem. 


chi 


I ^ the body. 


From "^ clu'^, a branch. Hence ^ 


I If the body ; the person. 


ki\ dexterous; ;j^ cJiV, a I. ranch ; it^* /;'«-, 


I ;f^ c-iuuamou. 


forked; -^ ki\ a harlot; ^! (■/^■^^ wings. 


H jj, The ribs. 

Lek 


I fl the members of the hody. 


To gi^'C birth to. To 
wtC nourish; to 1>riijo- up. 


From ^ nil, strenath. Hence ^^ kln^, 
a tendon. Compare "^ kiii^, strenglli. 
1 fi,^ the ribs. 


^ 5 tSaid to be from (^f ) ^.v?, 
^^'■^^ a child, upside down. 


I ^C^arib. 


To carry on the back ; to 


flX The stomach. 


^tyk bear. To repeat a les- 
c R son. Kead j^ei^. The 


(a 


i^^'^ back; the back side; 


From i ^"«^ earth. Hence pj; r^^^ 


behind. 


to vomit; ^£ mu//^, male of quadrupeds ; 




;^ tu^, to stop ; f|2 shcs\ a society. 


From 4t 2^^/?, the north. Distinguish 


I -^ the belly ; the entrails. 


'^ ho\ goods. 


I M *'^^^ abdomen ; the bowels. 


I ^ to tni-n the l)a('k upon ; to carry 


c If-. 


on the back. 


t=i Willing; to consent to. 


I ^ to forswear ; to renounce. 


fcni To permit. 


I M to bear. 


From Jt c/i'?'', to stop. Hence ^fj k'en^, 


I |g to rebel. 


to extort. 


I M, to apostatize. 


I Z- m ^iili"S- 01' not ? 


1 ^ behind the back. 


fBu F^^t; plump. Fertile. 


I Jf.^ to be unfaithful to an agreement. 


1 ^ to be false to an oath. 


/^^^ 


1 ^ falsehood ; error. 


From 2» ?^^^ to collect. Hence ^ 2^'^^> 


I ^ unreasonable ; contraiy to reason. 


a handful; jfg 2^a\ a scar; |g p'a-\ to 
climb ; ^ i?a\ u hedge ; $£ ^^a'', a rake. 


I Jfe ^ on the quiet ; in secret. 



105 



130 



VOCABULARY. 



c/in 'J'iic woml). 


/Mv ( The pulse. The veins or 


t'ai 

From -^ f'lr. limmnraLle. ILmtcg ^ 
c//A to guvern ; '{'^ i'^. coiiomd ; ^ cJi'i^ 




t" fl"g; ,'^ ^^''^- I'litle; ^^ i\/r, lu cany 


From j\^ iong", perpotnnh Compare 


between twd ; ^ Tar, muss. 


^ /(•//', an oi'pban ; |)]i Au-, a fox. 


I ^ cliild-bivtli. 

cftO Eeckless ; foolishly ; Uind- 


ix^ Dried meat. Salary. To 
cTR regulate; to cultivate, 


*"'"■ in which sense it is in- 


/./^ ly. 


terchanged with (^). 


From "^ Icn^, niicieiif". Hencp ||5^ /t^r, 


From %i iii'^, whereb3\ 
I ^ changed into 


fo ])!iste; fig /t/(^ to live; (^ //m", u laue; 


M /'""' ^'-'^■^^' ; Li^l '''"^' '^ buUertiy. 


1 ^1 to maiutaiu steadfastly — as prin- 


I 5 fl JI foolish t;dk ; to talk folly. 


ci}>les. 


Jjj'4J Thehreast; the bosom. 


aF^ ( The foot ; the l)ase. La- 
W^l ( i bourers. Cleverness. 


From jSjJ li.^ionf, tbo lieavt. Compare 
|XI hsiorig\ cabimily ; ]£ hswng^, crueb 


kwh 


From ^-j] /u'/oA, oertaialy. Compare -j^ 
Wieh, to plunder; fj; A'/e/i, fearful. 


1 P the breast. 


1 i^'* the sole of the foot. 


I HU' oii the breast. 


I 5P, the heel. 


•^^ 


I % a footstool. 


(fll^ ^^'^G to ; may ; can. 


[ |!^* fetters; manacles. 


'iioig Power ; talent. 


I FiS footi)rints ; traces. 


From Xt s^^- Pt'lfisb : ami (^ ^i/^, a 


I M hefore the feet ; iu the presence of. 


ppooii. Hence ^ /xt"*, iini.slied. Cuiiiparo 
M P^^''\ to spread. 


/])L) To undress. To cast off; 


I {f^ able to do. 


t^oli t(.) abandon ; to renounce. 


I liability. 


From ^ itii\ to exchange. Hence gj^ 


1 f^ able ; uljle to. 


slioh, to .'-peak; -^l .'<1lul\ taxes; "^ iith. 


1 ^ power ; abib'ty. 


pleased. 


I Wt ^ lib fT id'h' to say but uot to 


I g[l to cast off ; to escape from. 


perform ; to brag. 


I ^i^ to throw olf. 


mJjJ TherilKs; the sides. To 


I j^ ^0 escape from. 

1 <ft) to cast off entirely ; to discard. 


^^ coerce. 


1 ;^ to avoid ; t(^ get free from. 


I i^ renonncH'd ; left off. 


I '^. HR <^o undress. 


From -jj Uh, strongtii. 


I r# T ^$ to fall ofi: 


I 7 below the ril>s : the side. 


1 ^- T ''"loi-letely freed from. 



100 



— 1;3 



\ itCAIUI.AKV 



\H i:;o 



\l' 



i-hdlhf 



To swell ; to grow Mg. 



HM To,sw.-ll. 



choiia 



From -J^ chnita^, fo nruw. neiioo [1|| i From Ig clinngK lipavv. TTciice f|i 

chatuj\ ill! account; Ip^ ch(ni<i\ a scrt'cii ; ; cJioiuj'. seed ; {|j cn'o/uf. to i-n>li a:j;aiiit-t ; 

fg chaiu/, disa[)poiiucd ; 'J^ chawj'^, to : !|!j i!(^//^7', to move ; -_^r '''^"^/^ t-'J 1 <-•'"-! • 
open our. 



To jirotcct. 



Jet 



From .5p /'''\ nof. Hence || /-/'^ a 
lilaokgiiard ; f^ pei^, soiiow ; ^^ f<ii''\ 
the kingfisher; -fjll jAii'-, to arrange. 

^^ The kidneys. 

fifie/i 
From gj^ kie)i\ pfrong. ITence §5 -v/;//-*' 
to erect; ^kin^, tight; ^ hsicrr, vuLuous 



c p| Ointment; yilaster. Fat; 
kio oreuse. To sirease. 

From ^J /o'/f;^ high. TTetice ^ /t:«o\ 
pole; ^^ /ca.v^, a rough draft. 

[ ^i.laster. 

[ jj{f oil ; grease. 

|t^ The loins. The arm ; in 
yUj which sense it is inter- 
jnvig changed with (|§) pawj'^. 



rt^ From ^ povr/\ the $ide. Hence |^ 

^X> '-^'li'- ^>^'^1^' ' the stomach. 2^""/'- ^ ''^t- :• f^^ 7^'«"/, ^l^c si^l^^ ; t'X^ 

fall " ! F«''9"'> ^^ ^'■'^^• 
From ^ /'///. to retrace. Hence ^^ 



fiih, to double ; ^ ^"/', to leiterate ; .^ 
y»/t, to rej)ort. 
I M swelling of the helly ; dropsy. 



S The leg ; the thigh. 

i'ui 
From jg t'ui\ to retire. 
I >^ leg boues. 



<M 



jj^i The knee ; the lap. 

From ^ /sWi, varnish. Compare i^ 
ts'ili, paint. 



The waist ; the loins ; the 
i«o middle. 

From ^. mo'*, important. 
I ^fa pouch. 
I ^'^ waist-hand ; a girdle. 



The bowels. The affec- 
ch\i/.g tions; feelings. 

From ^ icmg", to expand. Hence f^ 
clCavg\ ]oyuu.s ; •^- t'arig\ broth; ^^ ia)'g'\ 
to publish ; \^ i'<}f<f, the poplar ; 'iJJ 
ch\i?)g", an arena. 

I J- the bowels. 



Glue. Sticky ; to adhere 
kiao to. 

From ^ //;(•*. to soar. Hence ^ ?/i/a'*, 
error ; §^ln//, to kill. 

I j^K-Wi stuck fast. 



The fiice ; reputation ; 
ii'^n character. 

From ^ i/ie)i\ all. Hence ^ /«>;/"*, 
tocf.Uect; --f^ ^/>;/3, to number; ^ ?Vy?.\ 
to fulfil : ^ //e«\ to shroud a corpse ; ^ 
kleJi^, frugal 

I ^ the face ; appearance. 

fl/^ The gall, said to 1)e the seat 
(an of courage. Bravery. 



167 



130 



VOCABULARY. 



13—14 



From 'J§ cJir/r.^, to direct. Heuce ^ 


t 


^ " self lordship " — independent. 


icni'^, a load ; ^ chan^, to look. 




^ self. 


I t;fc fearful. 




f^X certainly ; of course. 


^^'' m, 




^ self exaltation ; conceited. 


t^ The arm. 




]^ to humble oneself. 


pel 




^ to strangle oneself. 

j^ liberty ; freedom to act at will. 


From Jgf pi*, a prince. Hence ^ p'/A, 
to burst iorlh ; || pih, a partition ; ^ 




pi'/i, a gem ; fj|j^ 2^'///, mean ; j^ jl»/'^ lo 


1 


^^ to commit suicide. 


avoid ; ^ pi*, to compare. 




i)} from childhood. 


/JM> ^'^^^ winter sacrifice. A 




it fi-ora 

If boastful. 


/a/i 3'ear. The 12th month. 




^ self restraint. 


From ^lieh, bristles. Heuce H ^if'A, 


* 


^ self reproof ; to judge oneself. 


to Lu-ut ; jl)^ lah, wax. 




|t^ to deceive oneself. 


The 131 ST Radical. 




^ to style oneself. 


cpi A statesman; a minister. 
ch'en 
Hrnce 'g //j<a?i^ au officer ; ^ Aien^ 


' 


f^f self control. 

^ to take on one's own account. 

^ Q ^ reckless ; blind to one's best 


a prison. 




interests. 


1 ^ a courtier. 




Uf' ?S 1'^ ^0 ^^^ ^^^^^ "^^^'^ °^^ °^'^^^'" 


1 ^ a Minister of State. 




ancci*. 


^J\ To lie down. 


I 


^ g ;j5^ comfortable; contented; easy 




going. 



From A I'eii"^, ^ vai\u. 




3^^ Stinking; offensive. Dis- 


i.PpH '-^'o descend; to come to. 




ch'eo reputable. 




From ^ k'iim\ a dog. 


lin Near to. 
From A ren'\ a man ; and ^ 2^'^^i^ a 


I 


^ a bad reputation. 


1 


'XJ -l 


class. Compare g\ 0^, to lie down. 




The 133rd Radical. 


1 ^\\ to approach. 




^5j) 


1 ^^ near the end — ^about to die. 




-i^, To reach ; to arrive at. 


1 5£ drawing near to. 




c/ii Very ; the extreme of. 


I ^f about to start. 




Hence 5ll tao\ to reach ; M ''*'^> ^ 


The 132nd Radical. 


house ; ^'^c/a*, to bring about ; ^ chih, 




a nephew. 


1^ > Self ; private ; personal. 
H From. Of course; 


I 


;^ particularly dear ; most honour- 
able. 


^«^ naturally. 


I 


•f» as to : to come to. 


Compare g muh, the eye; ^ pei\ 


I m of hio-hest value. 


precious ; ^ A/Vn*. to see ; ^ le/i, a page ; 
"g- 67ieo^ the head. 


1 

1 


H ^ the Most Holy Place. 



1I3S 



4—8 



VOCABULAnY. 



133 



wc 



To cause ; to briug about ; 
to occasiou. To i-esult i 
^^i' in. 

From ^ puh, to strike. Hence ^ 
cliih, a nephew ; ^ slilh, a dwelling; ^ 
ch'iht to obstruct. 

A terrace ; a platform ; a 
stage. A title of respect. 
iDtercliaiiged with •^. 

From "^ klK lucky ; and ^-» mih, a 
cover. Hence JJ Vai'-, to carry between 
two. Distinguish ^ ^7<, one. 

I P^ steps. 



Vai 



kill 



The 134th Radical. 
A mortar ; a bowl. 



asso- 



Hence §J n-, a son ; H klu'^, an uncle ; 
^ seo^, venerable. 

P3 To bale out water ; to clip. 

Hence fQ fno''; to overflow ; Jg ^'«o\ 
to pull out. (Jompare fg cltcm^, to flatter ; 
§g A-'m^ to seize. Distinguish M hskii^, 
a pitfall, 

I tlj ^$ to ])ale out. 

:^(^ With; by; to; to 
^ „£t I ciate. To give. 

?7 

Compare ^ /is/o/i, to study ; % Idoh, to 
perceive ; also the two following char- 
acters. 

I ^ rather thau. 

1 fill ^ IrI <lifft^i'eut from him. 

I ^^ ^ "P "o concern of mine. 

\ '^% ^ not conformable to reason. 

cj^Hj, To raise ; to elevate Avith 
•^5 the hands. To begin. 
^■"' All. To recommend. 

. From M, iP, with. 



I to lift lip the eyes. 

[ A the Chiuese M. A. degree. 

I !^ to begin to wcej) ; to mouru. 

I ^ to raise the hand. 

I iM ^^ recommend. 

I i|E ^ to raise up. 

I ± ^ IE "P^'iglit conduct. 

^t To prosper ; to increase. 
cv^^** To begin. Read h-sing'^. 

Rising Joyful; merry. 
From fpj t'oDfj", with. Hence \\% tong'^^ 
a cave ; §j^ fong', brass. Distinguish 
from the two characters above. 
I K to flourish ; to prosper. 
I ^M. t** revive. 
I _>^ to increase ; prospeiity. 
I il5 ^ to increase. 

^^§" Old — of time, persons, 
^'11^ places and things. 

From t|* ts'ao^', grass; and jt clttiP, a 
bird. 
[ formerly ; in olden times. 
I ti T^ the old style. 
I ^ M old clothes. 
I ft^ the Old Testament. 

The 135th Radical. 

yf :» The tongue. 

theh 
Hence fg holi, living ; f^ Jiua'^, words. 
Compare "^ A-fr"^, ancient. 

[ sM the tongue. 

A cottage ; a shed. To 

y^ > lodge. In speaking of 

^5 ones junior relatives=: 

shce ^^j^ A neighbour. Read 

shce^. To put awa}'. 

Used for ^§. 

From A »"^'^"; a man. 



169 



5 135 



VOCABULARY. 



6—10 



To stretch out. Comfort- 
shu able. 

From -^ ii^, me. Hence ^f shii^, to 
strain : |J» chu'^, a shuttle ; ^ tV, savage. 

I M ^'^ o^QU ; to expand. 

^■$6*) ^ private dwelling house. 
PM I A public office ; a hall. 
pfe ( A tavern ; an eatiuoj 



kuaii 



house. 



From 'g* hian^, public. Hence f^ 
kaan^, a coffin; ^ kiian^, to oversee. 

The 13Gth Radical. 

7^ To oppose. 
ch\ian 
Hence "^Zi?i^will-o-the-wisp ; ^shueiv^, 
a famous Emperor ; ^ ifi, to dance. 
Compare ^ sih, evening ; ^ tiiii?, an ox. 

I fg error. 



"^^ To dance ; to caper. 

u 
From ^ u^, none, (abbreviated). 
I 1% to caper. 

The 137th Radical. 

f]/»J A boat ; a vessel. 

Compare ^ mu^, mother. 
I j|§ boats ; sailing vessels. 



(-73X A sort ; manner ; class. 

From ^ sliu^, to kill. Hence ^ p'a/r 
a plate ; ||5 paz^S to move. 



«!a 



boat ; a junk ; a ship. 



ch'uan 



m: 



From -^ ?"it3/4^, a marsh . 
f B^ the prow of a vessel. 
I ^ a ship's captain. 
J ^ the stern of a vessel. 

^^ 

A rudder ; a helm. 
to 
From ^ i'o2, another. Hence 1*^ <'o^ 
a camel ; ^"^ s/i^e", a snake. 

TI^ a small boat ; a punt. 

t'uig 
From 5$ t'lng'^, a house. Hence J^ 
i'i?zf/2, a hall ; j|S i't/i/, to stretch j ^ 
finrj'^, a dragon fly. 

The 138th Radical. 

Perverse. 
kill 

Hence ;|:^ ken^, a root ; gg hm^, to 
follow; '1"^ /ie?i*, to hate; ^fg /te/i'^, a scar; 
0^ ieiv^, the eyes ; l^g hslen^, a limit ; ^ 
ia^, silver. Compare ^ Uang'^, good. 

c,^^ Good ; excellent ; peaceful . 
Liang 
From > tien^, a point. Hence f^ 
Za?igr*, a wave; ^ Zfi/ir;-, a wolf; if^ 
//««(/■', grain. Compare '^ shlh, to eat. 
I >^>» conscience. 
j ^ o-ood ; hiw-abiding. 

I i6 11 H " conscience manifested " — 
conviction. 

c^^ Difficult; hard. 
kleii 
From ^ han'^, a phonetic. 
I p trouble ; distressing. 

The 13Qth Radical. 

Pz/ ^ Colour. Lust. 

seU 
Hence ^ Uileh, to cut off. Compare 
S pa}, a clamp. 



170 



4—5 



VOCABULARY. 



P 140 



TuK 140th Radical. 

'^ Grass. 

ts ao 
Hence ^ Iuh^, old ; ^ /um</^ a lane. 
Compare ff c/<uZ', bamboo; 1]' ^9?i^'-*, 
hands joined. 

-J:}^ Flowers ; blossoms. To 

(/ixi spend. To waste ; dis- 

^'^'^^ sipation. 

From >f{^ hna^, to transform. Hence ff{; 

o^ to extort ; ;^ ho\ goods ; Iff; Asae^ 

top-boots. 

I ^ to spend money. 
I ^ expenditure ; outlay. 
I H a flower garden. 
I ^ a garland of flowers. 

"it!' 

-TP The mustard phiut. 

kiai 
From >^ klcu*, small. Hence Jj^ /a'cii*, 
itch ; ^ /oiVa'S a boundary. 
I H mustard. 

cy^ Cress ; celery. 
Kin 

From Jx ki}i>, an axe. Hence j£ ^/?i^, 
near ; "^^ chan^, to behead ; jjiff k'?, to 
P^"''^y; ^jf •5^^ this ; \\)} k>ii\, brawny ; ^ 
60^, that which. 



Fi'om :^ ii.hi', to speak. 
I ^ rue. 



From ^ ia^, a tooth. Hence $f ia\ to 
exclaim; -^ ia\ to greet; ^,| ia\ a crow; 
51$ sie-, de[)raved ; ^ /a^, elegant. Dis- 
tinguish ^ jurw'"^, reeds. 



/rTj If; supposiug. 
ro/t 

From Jg" tu^ the right. Hence ^ rte'^ 
to provoke. Distinguish ^ k'u'\ bitter. 

I :^il": if so. 



1—1 Bitter. Sorrow ; suffering. 
^•''^ Painstaking. Earnest. 

From ■ "^ kii'\ ancient. Compare ^ 
lii\ h> dwell ; i^ ^/«', a cause. Dis- 
tinguish ^ ro/i, if. 

I ^ misery ; suffering. 

I ^ calamity ; hardshi}). 

I ^ to injure grievously. 

1 f# to treat harshly. 

I ^ P'-'Oi' ; iu straitened circumstances. 



< P9 Sprouts. Posterity; pro- 
oiiiao gtiny. 

From g i'i(3/i^ a field. Hence fg 
miao-, to trace over ; |g mao^ a cat ; ^ 
inao", an anchor. 

I ^ descendants ; progeny. 



c,.^* A sprout ; a shoot : a germ. 



TIJ Hlicit; careless. H"; if 

^'^o indeed. 

From -^ /;/i\ a sentence. Hence }nj 
^eo^, adog; ^gj ki?, to grasp; |9 H\ a 
colt. 

} J, careless. 

f 'Q' illicit intercourse. 



<pj^ Heeds ; rushes ; grass. 

riiao 

From ^^ meo^, a spear, ^''umpare j^ 
ea^, a sprout. 



171 



ytp 140 



VOCABULARY. 



6—9' 



-^L> Grass ; herbs. Careless, i i^^^ Flowery ; variegated. Glo- 

ts\io I hua ly; splendour. China. 

From ^ tsao^, early. Compare ^ Hence |f ////rr, clamour. Compare § 

c/ioh, grand ; ^Juai'^, dry. 



I ^ the Chiuese ruuuing liaiid. 
I /fC gva;^s and wood — lierhaf;-e. 
I ^ flower of grass ; grass and flowers, 

cTylj A thorn ; a hramhle. 

/:hlf/ 
From JfiJ /islng\ to punisl). Hence ^ i From H r'i/i, tl 
hsiiig^, to mould. 
I M ^hr.rns ; thorny. 



j9//i, to finish. 
I ^ gay ; elegant. 
I ]^ beautiful. 
I ^ ornamental stone ; pavement. 

:^;> A negative; not; do not. 

onoh 



A cushion. A bitter herb. 



From lij '/»\ because. Hence f^ {/;\ 
betrotlud : fjQ /en\ rouge ; 'j:g ieii'^, smoke. 
I Hif ■^\< 'rmwood. 

clMl Fennel. 

From [mI //nei", to return. Hence ^0 
/i»f'i-, undecided ; ^ Iiiicr, to revolve. 
I ^ aniseed. 

:^ 
cJlL AMld ; barren. Drouglit. 

h//aji'/ Eeckless; false. 
From J^ hucnif/, an ex])anse. 
I i^- a d<'sert place. 
J flij; incL'lierent ; vague. 
J ^ ])rr>fligate ; unlawful pleasures, 
I J'S ^ l?l sensual joys ; dissipation. 



e sun ; and ^^ ta*, great. 
Hence ^ ??)o'*, to long for ; ^ mo*, a screen ; 
j ^ ono'^, sunset; ^ w?o^ a grave; ^ vio^, 
! to feel ; ^ r/w^, a model. 
! I ^ l)etter ; not do better than. 
j I ^p cannot do better than ; rather. 



ciJ^J The lotus. Eead/.cA To 
ho carry. To be grateful. 

From jpj Iio^, why ? 

c"^f^ The vine. 
From ^ <!f/i\ a kiln. 



A Yillao-e. A farm. Sedate. 



c/i/jaii(j 
From JIJ: clui(/nf/\ strong. Hence ^ 
chncou/, to pack. Compare ^'j^jc ch'ua»g", 
a bed ; J|f,^ clmawf, to accuse. 
I ^ agriculture ; harvest. 



y4%^ 

;7fC Vegetables; food, 
ts'ai 
From ^ AvVo^, variegated. Hence ^'^ 
Wai^, to select; |;|^ ^s'ai% variegated ; ^^ 
tsVn'^ brilliant. 
I J^ vegetable diet; herbs. 

c I^J The vine ; a grape. 

Fjom ^ p''u"} to crawl. 
I '# grapes. 

t^^ To fall ; to drop ; to let 
loll drop. A place of aljode. 

From 'i^ lo/i, name of river. Hence 
loh, camel ; ^ Mi, to connect ; {[§ /'/', a 
bribe ; B& ^"% a road ; ^ /.'e/^ a guest. 



172 



9—10 



VOCABULARY. 



pljl 140 



I f ^ to drop down. 

I f'^'-to fall empty"— to fail in 

results ; iu vaiu. 
I ^ >^ T ^^J ^'^11 ^^ ^1^^' ground. 

'^ Ten thousand ; a large 
number ; all. Before 
i(a7i negatives, an emphatic 

particle. 

From j^ ?'^, a monkey. Hence ^ 
mai*, aged ; j^ u:\ to meet ; j^ eo'-\ an 
image. 

I P all nations ; the world. 

I i^ all things. 

I .S 'i^^ people. 

I ^ •' ten thousand felicities " — very 
fortunate. 

I ^ all kingdoms. 

I ^ "H positively unwilling. 

I ^ tb ^^tterly unable. 

I ^ pI i^i^'ist not be on any account. 

\ ^ :t ^ Lord of all. 

I i ± i KING OF KINGS. 

I i ^ i LORD OF LORDS. 

\ ^ ^ Jl above all things. 

\ 1^ ^ ^ before all things ; from 
eternitv. 



\) 



-yr L To order. Yes. An 
>^^ J j auxiliary verb. 

From ^ c/i<«% one who. 
I M to give attention to ; to be careful. 



t^axg 

From ^ 67^, dead ; and i i'u'', earth. 
Compare ^ sAP, a corpse. 

I Jg to inter ; to bury. 



pt| ) To store up ; to collect. 
hsiuh Used with (^). 
From ^ rA'»/i, animals. 

5l^) A leaf. A hiugc. 

From ^ jW?, a slice. Hence ^ fte/?, 
a butterfly : j^ ^'teA, a tablet. Compare 
^ ^-'Z', to reject. 
I ^ leaves. 



c-^ Meat diet. 
hien 
From ^ /.•?/«/i, military. Hence !^ 
iiin'^, dizzy : ^ //?Ye?<2^ turbid ; jg ani*, 
to revolve ; ^ /iwei\ to shake ; itg /iztei'S 
lustrous. 



fJS The lotus, or water-lily. 

lieu 

From jg Zie?r, to connect. Hence 
fjl lien-, a chain. 
I ^ lotus nuts. 
I ;^ lotus flowers. 



o Furze : c-orse. 



tisih 



From ^ ^.siV/, disease. Hence ^ t^^ilt, 
envy. 
I ^ thorns ; caltrops. 



To cover. To build. A 
cover. An umbrella. 



JUL 
^^ 

kai 

From ^ ^o/i-, why not ? Hence f* 
A-'o//, to strike ; ^^ hoh, all. 
I ii; to build ; to erect. 



cj^^ A reed. 



From :^ »er, a thong. Hence ^ zte/'v 



173 



^ 140 



VOCABULARY. 



10—14 



I «er, a 
ael", to 



powerful ; ij!^ uei^, a curtain ; 
tassel ; f^ Mei^ to escort ; [ 
surround : j^ «er, to disobey. 
j ^ reeds. 

]§ Shade ; sliady. To slielt- 
iH er; to protect. 

From P^ i)iS dark. 
I lit to protect. 

cj^ Azure. Green. Old. 

ts^ang 
From ^ ts'ang^, a granary. Heuce $^ 
fjang^, a fly; ff ts'ianf, to rob; |t 
tsiang^, a gun ; ^ /j/iiji*, straitened ; ||J 
ch'uan//\ to create ; |;| ts'ang^, the hold 
of a ship. 

tP^ A medicinal herb. 
cZs'eti 
From ^ c/i'e?i^, stale. 

c^^ To cover ; to conceal. A 
meyigf child. To receive. 

From ^ choiiif, a mound. Hence ^ 
meng^, drizzle ; J^ meng^, to humbug. 
I ^ to cover with ashes. 
I 1^ hidden ; obscured. 
I <§• ^ t*^ ^^^ greatly ftivoured. 
I ^ HI to cover the head. 
1 5jv ^ ^ stupid and ignorant. 



Hemp. 



From lH; ma^, hemp ; with which it is 
interchanged. Hence ^ mo'^, a demon ; 
J^ mo^, to rub; ^ t?io^, an interrogative; 
^ 7710'*, a mill stone. 
j /f\i lienipeu cloth. 



|l|IJX To conceal ; to hide. 
From {^ 'in\ unworthy. Hence ^ 



pi*, a present ; g| pi*, deteriorated ; ^ 
yze^, to desert; ^ pi'^, a violent death. 

^^^ f Vast. To squander ; dis- 
. sipated. 



tang 

From '^ t'aiig^, to scald. Heuce *^ 
fang^, to iron. 

(J^^ Vegetable food. 

From Jig ■yji^ estranged. 
I H vegetable diet. 

^^ To flourish as plants. A 
nei species of squills. 

From ^ huei*, to meet. Compare ■^, 

ts'euf/, already. 

?^*j Thin ; slight . Ungenerous ; 
poh stingy; contemptuous. 

From '^ j>'^/.^ vast. 
I ^^ pe})i)eruiiut. 



.PI 

sa 
From 



A Sanskrit syllable intro- 
duced by the Buddhists. 
lonff, eminent (altered ). 



tsien 



Grass. To recommend ; 
to introduce. 

From ^ cJocii*, a fabulous monster like 
a unicorn. 
f ^ a letter of recommeudatiou. 



^^ To shave. 

t'i 
From ^f c/t'i*, a pheasant. 
I ^ to shave the hair of the head. 

^jt^, To avail oneself of; 
•1^ through ; by means of. 
To help. 



tsle 



174 



14-10 



VOCABULAliY. 



p^ 140 



From ^{j- tslh, imperial fields. Distin- 
guish If tsi/t, a register. 
1 ^ to avail of ; liy means of. 

(^[^ To hide ; to conceal. Read 
t^i'anf/ tsang^. A storchouso. 
From ]]^ tmng^, generous. Hence 1^ 
tsang^, a bribe ; ^ tsang^, the viscera. 
I ^ 2l5 to hide ; to secrete. 

c^^ ^ fragrant plant. Fra- 
hsilln grance. To becloud. 
From M /n^uiii^, to fumigate. Hence 
115 hmiii'^, merit. 






-ft 



medicine. 



From 1^ loh, glad. Compare ^ j^ieii*, 
to change. 

I -^ medicine ; drugs. 



c^:^^ A kind of bramble. 

li 
From ^ li', black. 



W PI 



Za;;- 



From^ Iden^, a gaol. Hence ^ <(;' 



; f/;i 



a door sill ; i^ Za?i*, to overflow ; ^ ^•/(?;^, 
a mirror ; '^ lan'\ a basket ; || ^■e)i', salt ; 



^ Za?i^ to inspect. 

I ^^"hlne precious stone 
phire. 



-S<1}) 



Profession ; trade ; art . 
* Ability. 

From |j^ /, the original form ; and ^ uln:^, 
to speak. Hence _^ ^7/i^ pomp.^ (Com- 
pare ^ sleh, to revile ; ^ tien\ a cushion. 

SJS To slight ; to treat with 
Tiiiao contempt. 



From 1^ maoi^, appearance. 
I IS to look down on ; to treat slight- 
ingly. 

<r/g|^ Ftuslics : reeds. 
hi 

From ]^ III", a firepan. Hence ^£ Zf6% 
a stove ; ,^^ l(i\ a donkey ; ]^ lii^, an- 
xious ; ^ ^61^, to capture. 

I ^ aloes. 

I ^ a reed. 

To cheer. 



<•/» 



From S^ .s?(\. to come to life. 
<|^aj The epidendn 



rum. 



Ian 



From [^ har. late. Hence j^ /(tu-J, bil- 
lows; 'JH /aii^, decayed; 'J^ lan\ a railing. 

^^ To dip into. Also read 
tsaii ch.an\ 

From fffj tsitio^, to sacrifice. 
I "j* ^|t t,, (lip in vinegar. 

The 141 ST IIauical. 

j-t^ The tiger. 

^'ompare f^ Ink, a deer; J^i lii% a 
donkey; jf^ p'i^, skin. 



To act with reverence ; 
k\en devout ; sincere. 

From 35^ uen-, elegant. Distinguish ^ 
c'/j'^t*, a place. 

I Wi ^iueere. 

I ^k. reverently ; devoutly. 

1=^^ A place, a locality; a, 

)^^ condition. Read clu::'- 

^^^'" To dwell. To punish ; 
to decide. 



175 



m 141 



VOCABULARY. 



6—11 



From ^ cliu^, a place. Distinguish 
^ Fien'^, devout. 
I ^ to mannge ; to correct. 

cinU False ; unreal ; untrue ; 
h.^it lioUow ; empty. 

From ^ 2')ino^, also (contracted.) 
I fS false : nureal. 
I ^hollow. 

I *5 " empty heart " — meekness ; meek. 
I g vaiu ; dissolute. 
I J.^ liglit ; tritiing ; treacherous. 
I ii false. 
I M empty talk. 
I £, to empty oneself. 

I Wl lyiiig ; f^ise. 

I ;^ formalism ; formality. 

fi^' ] A mark ; a sign ; a de- 

5!;L f sipnatiou. A business 

J&M house. Read /laol To 

7 *^ ^ call out ; to ^Yail. 

From -^ //ao^ a signal; and Jl la", a 
bench. Hence ;|^ /mao\ thin. 
I ^ a trumpet. 
I ^ a trumpet of horn. 
I 5J^ to bewail. 
I 51 ] litter weepiug ; to wail. 

,^^ To lose ; to fail. Failure ; 
Jcuei loss ; deficiency. 
From ^ chui\ a bird ; and ^ n', in. 
I ^ deficiency ; loss. 
I fM t«» injure ; injury. 
f -^ to wrong; to give less than is (Uie. 

The 142nd Radical. 

cHX An insect ; a worm. 
cKoxg 
Compare P Iccx^, a mouth ; and /^ -sP, 
.selfish ; ^ luci\ honourable. 
[ -5* iusects ; worms. 



Jl 



The rainbow. Also read 

J'ong kang^. 

From 3] koiitf, work. Hence ijp£ kanrj^^ 

a pole ; fX ^'""y"^ to carry on the shoulder; 

J]}^ hiaiig^, a river ; J^X hon(f, red ; ^ 

k'ovg^, empty ; ^^ kong^, meritorious. 






A mosquito ; a gnat. 



chu 



From 3St we?;-, ornamented. Hence ^ 
Zi»'*, stingy ; ^ tte?!"*, ravelled ; ^^ uen', 
streaks. 
I -^ mosquitoes. 

Insects which destroy 
books, clothes ; etc. To 
eat. 

From "^ cJm^, a lord. Hence |£ chu"^, 
a commentary ; -/^ c/m^, to gaze ; fj c/ut*, 
to sojourn ; |j c/i?'\ a pillar; j;^c/tu^, to 
dwell ; fi ncDig^, to go. 

,^ An egg. 
tan 
From 7E 2>'//i, a roll of cloth. 



slice 



A snake. 



From ^ t'o% that. Hence )|g foS a 
rudder; I'g ^'o-, a camel; ^ t/t'a*, to 
vaunt. 



<*^ 



A froo-. 



From ^ /i'((ci\ a gem sceptre. Hence 
^ /is/orT shoes; $i na", a baby girl; ift^ 
?^ci-, a curtain ; f^ /;»«*, to hang up ; ^ 
/;(fa^ to think on ; ^±/ /'/aiS a street. 



A moth. 



From fg 0% I. Hence H 



the 



goose ; §4 o", suddenly. 



na 



,S— 1 ,) 



VUCABlLAPvY. 



iK u-i 



^gfi ) Honey ; sweet. 

niili 

From 5|! 7u///, silent. Hence ^ vnZ/i, 
close toizelher. 



TiiK 14;5ui> Kadical. 



jM, 



M Tl 



iV3£ rhc lociiBt. 

huang 



Blood ; blood relationship. 
hsi'teh 

ITence f]| sviiA, to pity. Compare JH 
min(/, a vessel. 
I I^ flesh and blo.ul. 
I ^ animal desires ; vi'^our. 



From ^lmauy\ imperial. Hence |l^ I JM" '" ''hH>d and pulse" — relationship 
Iwang", luminous ; [^ huang", a moat. 

f ^ locusts. 



is, To eat up slowly. To 
ulnJi eclipse. 
From ^ sh'ili, to eat. 

«?|| To blcud. Intelligent. To 
11^^ fuse metals ; in which 

^^"^ sense it is interchanged 

with (It). 
From p^ Uh, a vase. 

j f^ to blend with ; mutual under- 
standing-. 

H^^ io stino'. A stni£i\ 

ch(6 
From fi^ shce^, to forgive. 

(i?>E| AVorms ; insects. Same as 

I -^ worms. 



:^U ( All ; the whole ; a mul 
jLfaL^ ( tude. 

cJioiuj 
Compai-c ^i tsii'^, to assemble. 
[ A everyone ; the nudtitude. 



m 



y%> The scorpi 



h.nc/i 

From ^X hsivJi, to rest. 
I -7* scorpions. 

"^S Stupid; doltish. 

From ^ cJi'uen^, spring. Compare 
cli'ong^, to pound. 

I ^ clumsy ; awkward. 



Thk 144th Radical. 

To do ; to act ; to travel. 
Read Jisin(/\ Actions ; 
conduct. Read licuui". A 
^'■'"^'J row ; a line. Written 
I fvj. A trade ; a place 

; of business. 

I Compare ^ cirHi, a double man. 
; I ^ to (h» g-oo(l. 
i I ^' conduct ; way of life. 
1 I ^ to walk. 
! I If: to act. 

I jf§ to travel. 
: I ^ I'aggage ; luggage. 
; I ^ footstei)S ; traces. 

1 I f^ to carry out ceremonies ; to salute. 

i 

1)1^) A device ; an artifice. 

; fill all 

; From jYc sluih, a medicine. Hence ^Jt 
.'f/nih, to narrate. 

cjlj A street ; a thoroughfare. 

From ^ knei^, a gem sceptre. Hence 
/k^ kuci\ cinnamon ; ^ kaei\ a virgin ; 



1: 



fT 144 



VOCAnrLARY. 



7—10 



^^ kiia\ to hang up ; f^ kia^, Leautiful ; I From ■± s'i\ a scliolar. Ileuce |^ piao"^ 

g Kcr, a baby ; 1^ hsiai\ shoes. j to paste ; §g 2^ia(/\ a harlot. 

I J: in tlie street. | j BJJ to inauifest. 

} flT streets aud markets ; i)iiljlic tho- [ ^ to shew forth clearly, 
roughfares. 

I 'M streets ; thorouglifares. 

l^fST A puljlic offiiiQ. 



To decrease ; to decline. 
s/iiiai Small ; decayed; weak. 

From g /'c//, to speak. Compare ^ 
ai^, to mourn. 

I fi to decliue. 

j I ^ decrepit ; diseased. 

I Wc to decrease. 

I ^ old and feehle. 



From ^ u\ we. Compare Hj kUii^, a 
street ; ^j uei^, to guard ; f|j keng-, to i 
adjust. 

I f^ civil or military coui't ; a yamcn. 

I f^ '' policeman ; a yamcii runner. 

f fij To rash against. To iiisul t. t^ti A gown ; a robe. 

From ^ choiif/^, lieov}-. Hence J5§ | From ^ pao^, to wrap. Hence ^ 

/■hong'^-, to swell ; "f^ /Jou(7-', to understand ; ! pao^, to embrace; J^ p^ao*", to soak; j^Q 

f^ chong"-, seed ; g^ ^o;?yS to move. I p^acr, to run ; ^ pad^^ to roast ; |Q j>rt6<^, 

j ^ to make an onset ; to riisli at. ' satisfied. 

^. ^ I -^ a robe ; a thick gown. 

'J7i To weigh; to adjust. 
Mi Authority. 

From @ iZ^ fish. 

Thk ]-I:.")TH Kadical. 



'rr' Clotlies. 



Hence 7^ ts'ii'^, beginning : ^ ai^, to 
mourn. C(jmpare ^ aJtV"^ an omeu ; ^ 
ch^eir, time. 

I /JK clothes. 

I g^ garments, partieularly the lower 

ones. 
I ^ij- material for clothing. 

.^^ To manifest; to display. 
pl'io An index. A watch. 



Sign of tlie passive. A 
2Jei coverlet ; a quilt. 

From ^ p'i^, skiu. Hence ^ ])i-', 
that; ^1^ p'^^} to gi''d; J^ j^o^, a wave; 
^j^ p'o*, broken ; |jj? 25o\ glass. 
I If to he invited. 
I -g^ a defendant in a law suit. 

;^^ A sack ; a bag ; a pouch ; 
iai a case. 

From fi; f.ai\ instead of. Hence ff 
tai'^, to lend. 

:;^:, To split ; to crack ; to 
lieh rend. 

From ^ij ZiV/i, to set forth. Hence ^l 
lieh, fierce ; f^lj /i*, laws. 
I ^ to split open. 
I ^ f[9 -{^ I'^'iit into two parts. 



178 



:— ]i» 



VOCADULAl'tV. 



^ n: 



;^^ (^ Witliiu ; iiisiile. A liii- 

(i 
Fiom ^ U\ a mile. Compare ^ ko'\ 
to wrap; ^.^Jiuni^, to decrease. 

I IJ^ inside. 

I -T =1 lii.in.u-. 

j j^ iiisid(> : tlie inner edge. 

I "^ inside. 

'^^ Descendants ; posterity. 



(j55 ^^^1 apron. A petticoat ; 
I'-'i'tiii a skirt. 

From ■^ k/iiii^, a prince. liencG ^ 
knin'K afHioted ; M. k'fiin'^, flocks ; ^{> /ctiiit^, 
a district. 

^^ To wrap up; to l)in(l. 

From ^ k/K certain!}'. 1 distinguish ^ 
Zi'", inside. 

I ^ wr;i])ped np : honnd. 
1 jte ^ to enwrap. 

t^^^ Clothes : garments, espcci- 

sliang ally the lower ones. 

From fpj s]iang\ to esteem. Hence ^ 

y\:iL '■ s/taiig'', to confer ; If^ dt'aiig'', constant ; 

c^C To fill up; to load; to : >^ fa)/ rf', a hull ; ^ ch/ni(/\ to control; 

ehuang pack. To pretend. ■ p^ i«//y\ ought; fj^Sj /.Voty", supposing. 

From ^f c/iuau(7*, rohust. Compare Jfj^ • "f^U'^ 

/iiw;i(/\ husbandry. . ;^fe To construct ; to make. 

I ?'S| <^<M"^^'l^ fidl ; to load up. I '-Jii To compound — as drugs. 

J ^ to lay out a corpse ; to put in the ! From fi] cJiV, to govern. Hence ^ 

cWeh, to draw lots. 



From (Hj ///o»rr, a window. Compare 
7§ shang^, to discuss. 



cothu. 
1 (^ !"•' feign to he : to })reteiid. 

;^ "F too full to hold more ; cannot | 

^"' 1'-^^^^^^^- I ,.^ To praise ; to overlook ; 

f^^ To repair; to patcli ; to I V^'" person's defects. 

THj add to. To Jielp. To From {^^ 2^ao^ to guarantee. He 

2^"' fill a vacancy. 

From -f- /as large. Hence $| fu-\ to 
^'^;lp ; M p'"-", the shore ; ^|| pii^, to 
seize; f(| ^/ui, to spread out. ! 

I ^ to uieiul nets. j 

I jH to make up tlie full amount. i'»"0"^ % f^^K to retrace. Hence 

1 i£ to make up a .lefieiency. I -Z""^'' ^^^^ ^^^^omen ; fl /a/., to repeat. 



I ja to manufacture, 



;;ao^ a bundle. 
I H^ to praise : to l)e lem'eut toward. 

-T^) Double. To reiterate ; 
fall. repeat. 



t& Wealtl 



ly : abundant; in 
ood circumstances. 



to 



r^, A girdle. 

tali 

From ::;g^ tali, to undertake. Hence i^ 
fall, a })agoda ; j*: tah, to add to ; >}i| 



From ;^:j! Z:u/i, a valley. Ilenee ^ suli, 
vulgar ; j^ //^/i, to bathe ; >^ Ichit, hut ; ' ^'^^"^^ ''^ document 
^^ ink, desire ; ^ /o//^-, to allow. \ f f § a purse or pouch. 



170 



^ 145 



vocabl:laky. 



11—12 



cT^ A poucli. 
lien 
From j^ lien'-, io connect. Hence fj| 



lien", cliaius 



lien-, the lotus. 



i,) 



^ To treat irrevcrentlv. 



Froni ft cA Ji, to grasp ; or |j|r i\ sldll. 
Hence ^ *7t?^ pomp; ife reli, hot; ^^ 
c//i7/, a present. 

I W. ^^'' 1>li^splicme ; to profane. 
The UGth Radical. 



(/yiu Custom ; usage ; regula 
^iiei tions. 

From ^fti^, a sage. Compare :g^ icif 
a Chinese iuk-slab. 

I ^g a custom : usage. 

I {^ reguhitious. 

I H^ to rei)riiiiau(l ; to admonish. 



t} 



. /- 10 scare 
(,) after. 

mill 

From ^ ;;?(//, not. 



To seareli for ; to look 



M 



The west. European. | 



Hence yg m^, to sprinkle : jljig .s/i«i^, to 
dry in the sun. (Compare "g" iu'\ new wine. 
I pf] the west gate. 

^^5 Importaut. To wish : to 
icio want. About to. If. 



To look at ; to regard. 
6' Also read slit. 

From j^ sJi'i^, to make known. 

^Q Related ; near to. Eela- 
c'lyu tives ; parents. Inti- 
^^^'"^ mate. To love. 

^ From ^ cAe?i\ a filbert. ( 'ompare ^f- 
sin, new. 



^ 



From ^ iiii'-^, a woman. Hence | 

/ao\ tlie loins. Compare i^ .s7um^ to sport. , I il£ near to; intimate ; to approa 

f M important. I If family eouuections ; relatives 

I 3j$ ah..ut t(. come. t ^ relatives. 

I f !^ to kiss. 

\, To reply to. Backwards \ \ M relations. 

fiih and forwards. I I RS with one's own eyes. 

From fg fuh, again. Compare ^fti/i, \ I O ^^'^^^ one's own month, 

tlie ahdumen ; Ij /////, to repeat. I | j^ of the same clan. 

rn T <~ ,, I & oneself. 

Ihk UiTH Radical. I I ^ t ^- i /> ■ i 

I I ^ relatives and friends. 

rr i. • A I ^ with one's own hand. 

Io see : to perceivt\ A ,1 X n > m- 

7 • • r J.1 ' • I J&» personally : one s own sell. 

/,-ien simi of the passive. , i ^ i^ -^ ' 

,j TH 7 • ? 1 J- 1 ri i i "^ warm affection ; intimacv. 

Hence Jg, Jisior, to displav. Compare I | » a. i 

g mull, eyes : and jh ren\ a man. I I ^ S. sodomy. 

7 ^„ .•; , :. ' I 5i •? one's own son. 

I Mr !i witness ; testimony. i jl. j 

I it- to be better. | ip 

I *^ to have an interview w^ith an official. \ ilf}^" > sc 

I ^ evident ; may be seen. 

I "jpa to have an interview- with. ( kioh 



^ 



J To perceive ; to be coii- 
^ ' > scious of. Pvcad hlao'^ . 
jfe, ) '"^^ sleep. 



18<i 



IT 



vocAnri.AT^v 



E u: 



From ^ hsioliy a phonetic. Hence J^ 
hiao^, to trouble. Compare ^ /is/o/u to 
study. 

I ^ to perceive ; to he sensible of. 

I "^ to understand ; to eoniprehcnd, 

I ^ mJ to regard as strange. 

cllft To behold ; to gaze ou. 
hum Taoist temples. 

From '^ kuan^, a heron. Hence ^ 
liiien^, to exhort; '||^ //Haii\ pleased; ;j^ 
Ic'iieii", power. 

I ^ to behold. 

I ^ the Goddess of Mercy. 

I ^ to gaze at. 

I ^ to look into. 

The 148th Radical. 

}^ ) A horn ; a corner. Tenth 
hoh of a dollar. Also read koh . 

Compare ^ ioiig"^, to use ; -^ fn"^, to 

bear ou the bade. 

c 



To loosen ; to explain. 
f^'"i Read kiai'^. To forward. 

From J] tao^, a knife ; and ^ niir, an ox. 
I §3 b) nnluose ; to expound. 
I E^ '•' explain. 

I ^ to forward and band over to. 
I jg to escort a prisoner. 
I ^ to explain. 

I ^, to forget an injury ; to make uj) a 
fprarrel. 

I fJ ^ to loose the shoe laces. 

I 3[i A to send forward a prisoner, 

'%^^ To gore. To offend; to 
cKuh provoke. 

From '^ sliuh^ a worm. Hence j^ 
chuh, a candle; \^ cJioh, turbid; |^ c/toh, 
a bracelet ; f^ ku/i, the skull. 
I Hi to aflect ; to stir up. 



Thk 141»th Jvaoical. 

(f^ AVords; speech. To talk, 

ieu 

Hence ^ sin\ sincerity; ^ ^)iV>i', to 
argue ; ^ chcc'^, this. 
I PI words ; speech. 
I ^ Aveighty words. 
I MO ^pet'ch ; couvcrsatioii. 

prP -^ pl^^ii ; ''I' device. To 
k' reckon ; to plan. 

From -f- slt'ih, ten. Hence ^\- c//cu\ a 
needle ; i^f c//>7i, juice; ff shih, what ? 
I ^ to calculate. 
f IJi? ^ scheme ; a stratagem. 
I ^ a device. 

P^J To beg ; to demand. 
t'au 

From ij- ts'iien^, an inch. Hence ^.| 
ts^iien^, a village; j'jj t&ueif', to think. 
Compare i^* ^^'ai-, materials. 

J |§ to ask for money ; to duu. 

I 15 b. beg. 

I M. annoying ; to incur dislike. 

I A ^ 1^ to seek the fu\our of men. 

^)\\ To instruct ; to advise. 
Ih^dln Counsel. 

From ]\\ cJi'uan^, streams. Compare 
^•j c/tco^, an island; ]^ sliueiv^, harmo- 
nious ; i^jj hsuin", docile. 

f |§ to instruct. 

I W. t*^ teach children. 



PL. 



To commission ; to entrust 
t'oh to ; to depute. 

From ^ foh, to depend. Compare ^ 
ch'a^, to vaunt ; ^ shar, a snake. 
I f^ to entrust to. 
I ^ •• many thanks " — a polite i)hrase. 



181 



149 



VOCABULARY. 



3—5 



pC^ To record ; to i'ciiieml)er. 
kl A sign ; a mark. 

From 2. ^'^^ self. Honce jjig s'i^ to 
sacrifice; |£ hi-', to narrate; ^ /iai'\ to 
change; ^ /c'i^ to rise; ,gi A/"', dread. 

I ^ t(j remember. 

I ;^ to call to mind ; to l)ear in mind. 

I ^1 to record : recorded. 

I ^ Y« ^"lualjle to remejnher clearl}'. 
I -i^ T CS "^^^ record l)elow — "as fol- 
lows." 
I ^ fl^ -t recorded in books : oureco?d. 

P~f* To promise. To allow, 
/i>6f' Perhaps. Excess. 

From ^ ?r, noon. Compare '^ p^infj"^, 
to discuss ; »|4^ !f', to rebel ; f^ kleii*, an 
article. 

I ^ a long time. 
I |£ to betroth. 
I ^ many ; mncli. 

V^/J To euc^uirc about. To 
fang search out. 

From "jj /ff"^\ a place. Hence ^ 
faiKj^, a shop ; jJJ^ fa^ig^, to f^uard against ; 
^ faiig^, an obstacle ; ^ fam/, a house ; 
K /«"/% like ; 1^fang\ to free. 
I fp] to enquire for. 



p<| Au exclams 



I jfc to set u}). 

I y to establish. 

I flu ^'* la-epare ; spread out. 

(p|u To extort ; to cheat. False: 
o erroneous. 

From ^^ //iia^. to transform. Hence :{^ 
hua^, flowers ; 10^ ho^, goods ; |j^ //.s-(Vei, 
boots. 

I f^ to deceive : to cheat. 

I ^ to defraud ; to extort money from. 

To tell; to inform; to state. 

Sll 

From y^ cli'ih, to reprove. Hence ^jf 
t^scli^ to break open. Compare ^ clteli. to 
discount. 

I ^ to state a case. 

I 1^ to state in detail. 

Pp To deceive; to impose 
cha upon. Artful. 

From ^ c/^a\ suddetdy. Hence B^ 
tsoh, yesterday ; -f-^ tsoJi, to make : ^ 
tseh, narrow : g<| cAf//^, a vat. 

To curse ; to imprecate. 



tsii 



ation of surprise. 

ia 

From ^ id^^ a tooth. Hence ^ ia^, 

a shoot ; @ iV/^ a final particle ; ^j^ sie', 

depraved ; j^ ia*, to greet ; ^% ia^, elegant ; 

5,1 icc^, a crow. 

ft;S^) To establish; to found. 

s/iek Supposing that; what if? 
From ^ s/iH^, to kill. Hence if^ ink, 
a constable; ^ ^'eo^ to throw away; ^ 
■kii^, a share ; ^^ ;;i(<//, not; ^ ??i?<//, to die. chao\ to call : Bg chao\ bright : ^^ .s/^ao*, 



From _g^ tsi'ie^ further. Hence |3. ^-^''t', 
rent ; pj_ t'sii^, to hinder ; fi§. Lsu'"^, ancestors ; 
§3. isie^, an elder sister ; |§ iiii}, coarse ; 
Id ^'.s^t^ to help. 

cjpnj To accuse. Tales ; stories. 
h'i 

From "^ 67 \ an officer. Plence fipl 
ts-'it^, ancestral ; f^ s>}, to nourish ; |^ 
ts'i^ to wait on. 

|1|4 To proclaim — as l)y the 
cJ/ao Emperor. 
From -g c/iao^, to summon. Henco jg 



182 



vocaiu;lai;v. 



14'.> 



to hand down; flB chao*, according to ; ^ [ ^ oiiulit. 
^ch'aoK to surpass. , [ ^ to .me i.i.mev, 



I ^ iiii liuiK'rial inaudate. 

^i^^ To test. To examine ; ex- 
pMi amiuatiou. An initial 
^'^'■^ particle. 

Fi'om 5^ ,■?//**, a pattern. Hence ^^ 
s/i'i*. to wipe : 7^^ s/u*^ to murder a superior. 
I j^ to tem])t : to test. 
j ^ take a look at. 
I ^, to tliiuk ; consider. 
I ')$. to prove ; experience. 
I .1: to ])rove ; to verify. 
I — ^ make a triaJ. 
I ^ M t*^ attempt : make a trial and sec. 

P't To wonder at. To brag. 



^P~r J)i detail; minute, 
ts'idiu/ 

From '^ i(t>^',r, n. sheep. Hence \^. 
ia»ij", the ocean ; j^ icDig'^, false ; ;^i.l 
ts'iany-, felicity ; j^ niang^^ a college ; ^ 
i(i!«,i7^, to nourish. 
I i^.0 carefully ; ])artieularly. 

cn"^ To boast; to brag. To 
lim, praise; to commend. 

From ^ k'lia^, to hrag. Hence fJJ^ 
k\ia^, the thigh : ^4 ^'^''i^ trowsers; 5f 
yt^m*, to bestride. 

I z^ to praise; to e.\t<d. 



From ^ i'.ye//, a house. Compare =£ ^ I P to boast, 

//o//, to commission : I* ^'0-, a camel ; ^ ' I ^j^' to hoast of jn-eeniiueuce. 

sl>a\ a snake. | j| to l.oast of a])i)earauces ; to ])ra-. 
I S to he astonished at ; to be amazed at. 

p|5. To swindle; to mislead. 

k'naiKj 

From g k^i(rn)(/\ to deliver. Hence f^ 
k'liang^, a basket ; ifjl k'uang^, a door 
frame ; gg k'uang*, the eye-socket. 
j ,|| to deceive. 



'iH To 



feign; to cheat. Per- 

/,v/t'i verse. 

From ^ HPi^, dangerous. Hence gH 
A-i<ei\ to kneel ; )]/£ ^s'^a^ brittle ; ^ 
>ici^, a mast. 

I l^.^nile. 

I ft an artful device. 

I ^ straii<:-e ; heterodox. 



l5 



AYords : sayings ; talk. 



From ^ sJipJ/, the tongue. Hence fg 
hoh, living; fg ^'/e;r, to lick; i^ij kua/i, 
to scrape ; ^ kaa//, to include. 

^^ 

r p^ Ought ; should ; what is 

^•'«« proper. To owe. 

From ^ //af^ 9-11 p.m. Hence ^ 

//at^ a cliild; ^Ij /^''e/^ to engrave; |i^ 
/;'e/i, to cough. 



s/i'l 



Poetry ; an ode 



From ^ .sA a mosque. Hence f^ .s/^F, 
to serve ; ^ c//e^ to seize ; f^ s/n\ to 
trust ; f^ ir/i^ to treat ; l]^ s//r, time : 5|t 
i'e//, purposely. 

I 1 the Psalms. 

I ^poetry; eomjjositioiis. 

0>li^ To recognise; to know. To 
'■^ '^ confess; to acknowledge. 

From ig, re?i^, to endure. 
j II to recognise. 



183 



■m ui' 



Y(»C'ABULArvy, 



7— a 



rTSt To induce ; to entice ; to 
iit mislead. 

From ^ siu^, beautiful. Hence $^ 
.siu\ rust ; ^ sin\ figured ; ^ iVo\ to 
pass through. Distinguish |g 2ier, an 
excuse ; ^ uei^, to depute. 
I ^ t(» beguile and pluuder. 



MM 



To accuse falsely. False. 



From 22 "^! ^ witch. 
I -^ to accuse falsely. 
I 1 tn iniplfcatc falsely. 

p[fl To hum over ; to intone ; 
•sour/ to recite. 

From ^ 7o»<^^, bursting forth. Hence 
:j^ Vong^, a pail ; 5^ t^ong^, to go tlirough ; 
^ ioJigf', bravery ; ^ iong', bubbling up ;■ 
i?| 'iong", to leap ; -^ ^'o»^', pain. 



I IP to coufess sin. 

I ^^ to know ; to be ac({uaiiited with. 

p CI Words : speech. To speak ; 
ti to talk. 

From ^ ?r, I. Hence fg- n^*. to perceive. 

fVu) To speak ; to soy ; to tell ; 
s/<oh to talk. 

From ^ t/n*, to barter. Hence UJ fo//, 
to cast ojQ:' ; 'f^ iie/i, pleased ; f^ s/tui-^, taxes, 
f f$ ^o speak. 

I ^ :^ ''^t'll '''^id : spukeu to the poiut_ 
I ^ ^ more than can be said. 
I I3t ^ li talking and listening. 
I T ^ '^ liG ^P'^kc a little while. 

cPiW Sincere ; true ; real. 
c/i'eng Certainly. 
From )j^ ch'evg'K to complete. Hence 
^ ch'oig, a city. _^ 

I ^ sincere. p"^ To instruct ; to admonish. 

f j5 true hearted. ^"" 

I Af^ reallv ; trulv. From ^- onei", each. Hence *j]g /ii^er, 

to repent; ^ n\ to insult; |^ 9/iei-, u 
plum : \^ hai^, the sea ; ^ r/icr% mouldy. 

p^ To impede ; to interfere^ 
u Avith. Used with •^. 

Hence •\^ w"*, false ; i]^ tt^, a centipede. 

cp^ Who? whose? which? 

- , j^ 7 7 • •-m ;-4 I From # cZ-'U'iS a bird. Hence ifg ^/a'\. 

el,eh, a river; ^ c/;5/^ wise ; jf sln\ to | ^ j^^ . ^^ ,,^-. ^ ^^^.^^^^ j^ ^^^,^^^^3 t^ 

depart. Compare ^ tseh, to break. ,. ^^^^^^, . ,j^ ^,^.,^ ^,^j^^._ 

i I It ilX ^ho can do it ? 
scold. J ---<v 

1^ w, • 4 1 • •/ X ir M R^ -to excuse oneseit ; to 

Irom 'S sirto^ to imitate. Hence ?t^- 1 "^ , ,. ^ ^^ ^ 

siao\ to n.elt;_ :5t s{ao\ nitre; ^^ sm " | ^ '"' <^eclme ; to shirk. 

to fuse ; f[^ siao^, a slieath ; ^"ij siic//, to i From ^ vci", a deputy. Hence ^ 

cut off; ^ siie/i, lightly. i ai", a dwarf; ^ uci\ to feed animals. 



P;j;q a precept; a command- 
kiui ment. 

From 5^ ^;V/i\ to prohibit. Compare 
^ /'iVu'^, weapons. 
I ■^ a commandment. 

1^ An oath. To take an 
ifhi oath. 

From Iff c/ic7/, to break. Hence J||f 



pH To ridicule. To s 



184 



8—0 



VOCABULARY 



40 



PH To invite; to request; to 
ts'uig desire ; to engage. Please. 

From ^ ts'ivg^, azure. Hence H^ 
'/('pr-, a clear dny ; g^ tsing'^, the eyes; 



if-g tsiiu/^ unmixed ; ^ i6-'at\ to guess. 
I Pp^ may I ask you ? will you kiudly 

tell me ? 
I -^ to ask after : pay respects to. 
I J: ^ take a higher seat. 
I I^Hail, Okmg! 
! ^ ^ P^ Master, eat. 
I f^r> ^ ^ ^ please come here, Sir. 

pjlU To discuss ; to arrange. To 
luen reason. 

From -^ lucn-, to arrange. Hence |^ 
hipu", a wheel ; fj^ lueir, relationships ; 
^ lucii^, to sink. 

I "^f to discuss ; to judge. 

I ^ij to speak of. 

I S to decide after discussion. 

^FET To stir up ; to mix. 
<n/^-J tlao\ A tune. 

^''«'' transfer. 

From J^ cheo'^, to supply. PTence f|^ 
ch^o-, close together ; ^ di'eo', silk ; PJ,^ 
cheo^, alms; ^13 cJied^, to revolve; )^ 
//rto\ to engrave ; )p1^ tiao'^, to droop. 

I fj^ to shake ; to transfer. 

I ^ to mix ; to blend ; to make peace. 

cpiyC Tocliat; to converse. 

fan 
From 5^ ?'6'?'', hrilliant. Hence \^ 
ta)i\ insipid ; ^;^ t\ar, mucus ; ^ fan"^, 
a rug. 
I m to talk ; to discourse. 

to discuss. 



Pvcad 
To 



I g^ to talk over 



ckiten 



To reiterate 
upon. 



to impress 



From !^ //siai)f/'\ to enjoj'. Hence g|C 
shuen'^, unmixed ; %^ tueii^, honest ; |^ 
c/iuen", a quail. 

1 v$ repeatciUy. 

fi0 To flatter; to curry ftivour. 

From ^ //.s/^j;A a pitfall. Hence Jg 
ten*, a flame ; fg /:'/rt^ to pinch ; f^ hsien\ 
to betray. Compare @ iao'^, to bale out. 
Distinguish gg c//rto^ to summon. 
I j^ to flatter ; to toady. 

n>5> To excuse ; to consider. To 
^^^i"!/ believe in. Probably. 



From M /•' 



Y, /^-ing^ 



cool ; ^^ 
to dry ; ■§ 
a shadow. 



metropolis. Hence J'^ 

//o/i, to plunder ; [jj^ 

/c(//g\ a prospect ; ^ 



I )£y most likely ; probably. 

pB(> To proclaim. An official 
ii' notice ; an edict. 

From ^ JL^, to respond. Hence 1^ il\ 
a parable ; fff i'eo\ steal. 

•^^^ To talk wildly ; to lie ; 
P/iL to misstate. Lies ; false- 
hmng j^Qod. 
From ^ huaiig'^, desert. 
I ^ lies. 
( =* falsehoods ; lies. 

c p;^ To scheme ; to plot. A 
meo device. 

From ^ meo^, a certain person or thing. 
Hence '^^ nier, coal ; ^^ viei-, a go-between, 
I ^ to plot to injure. 

cPr All; every. At; on; in; 
c/in to. 

From ^ cJics^, who. Hence ^ tu'^, all ; 
i^ in^ to till up; III i5«*^ to gamble; f^- 
sj'Z*, a clue; |^ fA(i\ a pig ; ^ cAt/^ to boil. 



185 



149 



VOCABULARY. 



0—12 



I 1^ all sorts. 

I fi all you gentlemen. 

I ^ you, Sirs. 

0^3 To respond. 
noh 
From ^ roll, if. Hence ^, r<«^, to 
provoke. 

•^^^ To preaoli ; to argue. To 
Pl9* explain. To bargain. To 
kiaug investigate. 

From ^ keo^, ten billions. Hence ^ 
7i-eo\ a gutter ; ^ A-eo^ to reach up to ; [l^ 
keo^, to buy. 

g^ to discuss. 

^ to preach. 

g| to discuss the merits of a case. 

V^ to explain a matter satisfactorily. 

^ settled— as a price, etc. 

^ to explain ; to give the sense. 



To tliank ; to be grateful 
sie for. Thanks. 

From J|J sJicB^, to issue fortb. 
I M to give thants for favours. 

nff To speak ill of; to detract. 
'pang 
From ^ jj'ang'^, a side. Hence ^ 



pang'', the side; 

$§ P(^^^9'\ a list ; 

I ^ to defame 



W V '^''^ff^y the groin 



p an(f 



a crab. 



to slander. 



cH^ Retiring ; humble ; 
likn dest. 
From ^ He?i\ in addition. Hen 
Vien'^, deiicient; ^ hf^ieii^, to disHke 
chiMn\ to gain ; ^ /ie^r, frugal 
ZiCM^, a screen. 
I ^ humble. 

I 51; diffident ; self-depreciating. 
I ^ lowly. 
I W respectful. 



mo- 



m 



^^^ Ptespectful ; 
p_^ Cautious. 

^'■'* watch. 



From 
barely; • 



Ht 



attentive. 
To heed ; to 



liiir, diligent. 



f J,-iii^, loam. 
_ khi^, a dearth; ^^ 
I 'I;^ to take heed. 
I t5P to guard ; to watch over. 
[ |J5 to be on one's guard against. 

P^ Falsehood ; error ; exag- 
mia geration. 
From p Iiu\ to soar. Hence p Jciao^, 
glue ; ^ I ah, to kill. 
[ g untrue ; unfounded. 






n 

cheng 
From y^ 



Evidence; proof. To give 
evidence ; to bear "wit- 
ness. 



tiiig^, to ascend. Hence f^ 
teiig^, a lamp ; ^g te>ig\ a stirrup ; ^g 
cA'e;<^,an orange. Compare;^ ^t?;/^', a stool. 

I iM evidence ; proof. 

I 0|5 to substantiate clearly. 

I .Ik to bear witness to. 

I ^ to testify to the truth of. 



skill, 



To recognise ; to 
To distino-uish. 



know. 



drill, 
chill. 



From ^j^ c.liih, a sword. Hence 
to weave ; ilt|| cMh, splendour ; j 
official duties. 
I !^ to be able to read. 



cpi?p Clamour ; noise. 
laia 
From ^ Ima^, flowery. 

cP>5te To ridicule ; to make fun 
U of. Satire. 

From ^ k'fi, a few* Hence ^'kl^, to 
impede ; ^ k'l}, an opportunity ; m ki^^ 
hungry. 



186 



13—19 



VOCABULARY. 



141) 



1 ^ to lauoli at. 


I y|J |g a helmet. 


I M to .iVn^rat. 


J t^\ f breast-plate. 


I f^ to deride ; to scoff at. 


VM ) To study ; to read. 


_.^j 


pSi To discuss; to talk over; 


ti(h 


i to consult. 


From i^ mni^ to sell. Hence ^ shuli, 




to redeem; ^^ ^</i, a calf; ,f^ .v(t//, to 
connect. 


From ^ r", rigliteoui. Hence j^ r, 


propriety; ^ r', an ant. 


] # A a scholar ; tlie literati. 


I M to talk over ; to judge. 


I !^ T to have finished reading. 


I ^ settled after deliberation. 
I ^ i" a council. 


m\ 


PH Areoister; a genealogical 


^g) r To chauge; to alter. 


:2/«t table. 


pien 


Fvom ^-^/ti", universal. 


From ^^ S'.\ silk; and ^^ 2'^uh, to tap. 
Compare f|^. livu'^, to hanker after; |^ 


'*;^) 


loh, pleased. 


<-!^ > To waru ; to caution. 

m) 

kivg 


I M to turn into money ; to sell. 


1 'fij to transform ; to undergo a change. 


1 ^ ~X to increase in changing. 


From f'Jjf Iclng\ to honour. Hence ^ 


I /fi ^ it cannot be changed. 


liing-, to lift up. 


1 ^T ^^ change for the worse ; spoiled. 


I %, to warn aud teach ; to admonish. 


1 T if ^ to change colour. 


1 j^ to teach. 


p^ To yield. Polite; yielding. 


^f To compare ; to suppose. 


rang 


2>'i' A simile. 


From ^ siaiig^, to clear awaJ^ Hence 


From JPI ;>'/"*, n prince. Hence fgf p'iV/, 
dei)riive(l : j^ i->i\ to avoid; ^ ^///(, to 


|g niang\ to brew; |g rang'', to seize; 
i^ rnng'^, abundance; |g siaiig^, incbase. 


split ; ^ j5o/(, to break apart ; [^ y^'i/i, to 


] -g to give up a seat ; to take a lower 


burst opun ; ^ pi/i, a partition. 


place. 


I ^n for instance ; may be compared 


^^ 


with. 


cp^ To slander ; to misrepre- 


n^ To guard ; to protect. 


ch'aii sent. 
From ^ cJicut", artful. Hence fi; 


hu To escort. 


ch'an^, to support; ,^ ^b'ai^ just now. 


From ^'huh, to measure. Hence |^ 


1 •= slander. 


huh, to catch ; ^ hu\ to reap. 


j g^ to vilify. 


I -jil to escort ; to convoy. 


1 ^ to injure by misrepresentation. 


I Bl: to guard ; to preserve. 


^^' 


I >C> M ''^ uiirror for protecting the 


n^ To praise ; to eulogise. 


person from evil. 


tail lb 



18' 



149 



VOCABULARY. 



19 



From ^ tsan\ to aid. Hence \^ tsaw', 
to hoard. Couipare J5 nien^, to expel. 
I ^ to praise. 
I ^ II a hyinu ; a liymu book. 

H,^^3 To slander. 
tuh 
From 1^ tuh, (.o stud}-. 

The 150th Radical. 

'^^) A valley. 
huh 
Hence fgl suh, vulgar ; ^ iong~, ap- 
pearance ; ^ iuh, to desire; f^ iaA, to 
batlie. Coiupare ^ A-o/i, eacb. 



■gff J To remit, Intelligeut. 
hoh 
From ^ /iai*, to injure. 
J f^ to remit, as taxes ; to forgive. 

The 151st Eadical. 

3i Beans; peas. 
teo 
Hence gf t'eo", tbe bead ; ^ /?m;/^, 
sbort ; ^ /!e?(r/\ to ascend. 
I ^ beans. 
;I j[^ busks. 

•^lii An interrogative particle 
»S* implying a negative 
^'■^ answer. 

From {!] .s7zn?i\ a bill. Hence ^/e?2^\ 
abundant ; If /tV/i^ armour. 

I /?> ^ is it not so ? 

I yf> $jt did be not say ? 
J ^ 5(1 'f^ can it be so ? 



c.^*. Abundant; fruitful. 

From jl] sha)i^, a bill ; and ^ feiig'^, 
good-looking. Hence ^j^ icii'*, handsome. 



I M: abandant ; prosperous. 

I "^ wealthy. 

j :^ a plentiful year. 

I J$. plentiful ; sumi)tuous. 



The 152nd Radical. 
A pig. 



Hence ^ kia^, a bouse; ^ meny", to 
cover. 

;^>^ An elephant; ivory. To 
aiavg resemble. An image. 

From -^hvan*, gay (contracted). Hence 
jf^ slang'*, like; pf^ sUiug^, the chestnut 
oak; ^ ii^, beforehand. 
I 3f elephants' tusks ; ivory. 

J^ f Beforehand. To prepare; 
.^tt^ i to make ready. 

u 

From ^ huan'^, gay, (contracted) ; and 
-f» li-, we. Compare f^ siang^, like. 

I ^ to bear witness to beforehand. 

I 7^ beforehand. 

I f^ to prepare. 

I "b pi'ophecy ; to predict. 

I ^(i presage. 

I ^ to decide beforehand. 

I ■j^ antitype ; something prefigured. 

The 153rd Radical. 

c^l Reptiles. 

cliai 
Hence 1^ wao*, appearance; ^ ch'ol^, 
a wolf. Distinguish ^ sh'i^, pigs ; $ 
Jc'iLen^, dogs. 



A wolf; a ravenous beast. 
cliai Cruel. 

From :f i^'«i^ talent. Henco # 



188 



3—8 



VOCABUI.AllV 



% 153 



_^^) To upliraid. To n.sk. To 
Uch ])uiji.sli. A duty. 

From 3^ cliH^, fi lord. Hence [Ty 
chai\ ;i debt ; f^ Uih, to store up : f^ 
tfiili, ;i trace. Compare ^ su*, plain. 
I M ^'> I'ebnke. 
I fy to pimisli by flogo-ing-. 
I |i} to fiue ; to rcpi-ovc. 
[ ji duties ; rc^pousibilities. 

M/K T<^ tradj; to barter; to 
fan deal in. 

From ^fuii^, to turn over. Heiiee |l^^ 
w_|5 ;w^/^ a board; f^ p''in\ to r(;v.ih, ; f\\ 

tJ PrccioTis ; valuable. Va- f T'' V ^r'°' ' ^ •^'"''' '''' ' ^ *^'""''' 

to turu buck. 



ts'ar, abilities ; jjj- tial', wcallli ; PI1 P''; 
to stop UJ). 

I ^ a wolf. 

^y A leopard; a species of 
j"«o wild cat. 

From "^ shao^, a spoon. Hence ^f| 
iiao'^, to fi.•^tl ; fi^ ti/t, sign of possessive ; $f| 
wA, an agreement. 

5 

5>Iauiier ; appearance. 
mao 
From 3^ rr, a son. 

The 154th Eadical. 



2^ei luables. 

Hence gj; pai\ defeated ; ^ fien-, an 
officer, Com])are ^ ieh, a page; ^ ^-i'e?/-^, 
to see ; § ^^i'^ from. 

b)ear ; to sHstain. To 



W ''\ 



_^% Goods; commodities; pro- 

/'o tluce. 

From {^ Jiun^, to transform. Hence 

If /i.s?6<\ boots ; :j!t^ hua\ flowers ; ff{; o", 

>* turn the back ou ; lui- ; to deceive. Distinguibii ^ tai\ to loan. 

/'^ grateful. j | j|^ articles ; goods ; merchandise. 

From 7J tau\ a knife. Compare "^ \ \ 11^ goods and wealth ; possessious. 

kioh^, a horn. 

I ^ to bear hardship ; to toil. 

] ^, to be ungrateful for kindness. 



M c 



: lie II 



haste ; pure. 



From \\ p^uh, to divine. Hence Iji 
3/ieu\ auspicious. 
I ^ virtuous ; pure-minded. 



L>-vj Wealth; property; valu- 
tiai ables. 

From ;^ ^s'ar. t^dent. Hence -^^ 
fs\a'^, ability ; ^\- cJc'cil", a wolf; PU pi'*, 
to stop up. 

I ^ valuables ; precious things. 

I ^ij wealth ; profit. 

I i. '"^ ^vealthy person ; a cai)italist. 



Poor ; poverty. 



2> ill 



From ^ fen'^, to divide. Hence J^ 
pan^, to dress up; ')§}fe)t-\ j)owder ; ^feii\ 
confused ; |^ paii'^, to proclaim ; ^ ^''^''^ 
a bowl ; ^ clicC^, the fork of a road. 

I A 'A poor man. 

I ^ poor people. 

I ^ poverty-stricken ; in straits. 



c.^^ To covet; to desire. 
Van Avaricious. 

From ^ klii^, now. 
I f^ to hanker after. 
[ -^ gluttonous. 
I >ij» covetousness ; covetous. 
I ^ to seek after ; to scheme for. 



]89 



M y^^ 



VOCABULARY. 



I ^ to covet ; avaricious. 

I Pi to covet booty ; grasping. 

I M greedy of money. 

I TfiJ keen after profit. 

I ^ ^f f@ f"^^^ ^*f eating and drinking ; 

gluttonon^^. 
I "^ I? i® gluttonous and drunken. 

-gh^ A string of a tliousand 

_^^ cash ; a measure. To go 

kaaii tlirougli ; to implicate. 

From # ?/^ not. Compnre ^ b(ei\ 

lionourable. Hence \^ kiuoi^, accusLumcd ; 

^ sJi'ih, sincere. 

I ^ to put on armour. 

J^L^ Honourable. Expensive ; 
^ costly. Prized; high- 

^•"«^ class. 

From ^ cli'onr/, nn insect, (altered.) 
Hence jg r, to hand duwn. Compare '^ 
Jctian^, lo go through. 
1 ;g weighty ; valuable. 
I t^ yo^^i' honourable name. 
I ^# f^ very dear. 

^^ To buy ; to purchase. 
tnai 
From pn yanrf, a net. Hence % 
mai\ to sell ; ff| /.-id*, a price. 
1 M hmdng and selling ; trade. 
I ::{:, ^i] cannot be bought. 



^ To lend on interest. To 
tai forgive. 

From f^ tai:\ instead of, Hince ^ 
tai\ a hag. Distinguish '^ }lo\ g.jods. 

^^ To congratulate. 

ho 
From JJu /cta\ to add to. Hence ^ 
7cia', a frame; ^;i /c('a^ a Buddhist sui-- 
pbce ; ^U /oi'd^ acangue ; f^I^ kia\ to ride on. 



'^^^ To waste ; to expend. Ex- 
fei penditure. 

Fi'om ^j full, not. Hence ff, full, to 
brush away; f^ . /'"/', like; f^ /«/^ Bud- 
dha. 

I JH expenses. 

I ^ all wasted ; all spent. 

I tj;^ to waste wealth ; to spend lavishly. 

J^ To barter ; to trade. Also 
viao read meo'^. 

From ^'^ ma6'\ 5 to 7 a.m. Hence |5|| 
liic^, the willow ; I|5ll Haor, to depend on. 
I ^ trade ; exchange of goods. 

f||^ To stick up ; to paste. To 

-^H) stick to ; attached. To 

^ ^^'^^ make up. 

From t5 c/i/-///*, to take precedence. 

Hence ]^ nieii^, to pick up; ^ tien*, a 

flaw ; f^ cluni^, to usurp ; ^i^fj cliaii\ to 

stand; (|;^ i5■^e/^ a card ; ]g fieu*, an inn. 

I j5l to keej) close to. 
j ^ attacdied ; to make up ; to go along 
bv the side of. 

^,,^^-, A thief ; a robber. 

From ^ roiig^ a weapon. Compare J^ 

uei'', maJL'SLic. 

c^^ Wealth; property; sub- 
t^'i scriptions. To aid. 

From z^ t.s'i\ next. Hence *^ lis'i^, to 
plan ; f^ ts'i^, rude ; ^ is'*-, crockery. 

I RJ* property. 

J j]|j to help ; to subscribe toward. 

^^ A trader. To trade. 

kii 
From "i^ ,s-/\ the west. Hence (h /^'''"^ 
value. 



VM 



7—9 



VOCABUI.AKY. 



R l.>4 



^:^^^ L A visitor: a Quest. 



■pi)/- 
From *i^ pin'^, tlic anoiont funn of tlie 
character, (contracted). lliMico fi[pin^,i\ 
funeral ; |^ pin^^ the betel nut. 
I ^ g-uests. 



(J^PJ To bestow alms. 

cJieo 
From ^ cheo^, to surround. Hence ^ 
ch'eo", silk; fJJ ^'mo-, to stir ; ^ ^/tto\ Lo 
engrave. 
I ^ to give alms ; to relieve. 

^^, To reward ; to grant. Ee- 

shang wards. To praise. 

From -f^ sJiang\ to add to. Hence ^ 

Vang"-, a luill ; -^ ^a?i(/\ ought ; ^ .s//ai,g'\ 

clothes ; '^ eh'ang'^, constant ; ^ cliaiig^, 

to control ; (^ fang'^, if. 

I p.^ to l)estow ; gifts. 

I H iS: ?5c recomiiense is Mine. 



If 



To bestow ; to confer upon 
i^'i an inferior. 
From ^ {■*, easy. Hence |^ .9//i, tin ; l^ 
fik, to kick. Distinguish ^^ wj^y", to spread. 
I ,^ to bestow. 
I il- to give grace. 

^^ To sell. To sbew off. 
onai 

From ^ si^, a scliolar ; and tnT nanff-^ a 
net. Hence =f tuh, to study; J[J );(//, 
a calf. Distinguish ^ inra'^, to buy ; ^ 
hiiei^, honourable. 

I ftfl 6^ ^^11 oil dealer. 

y^y^ Disposition. Matter. Solid. 
_^[ J To call as witness. Read 
cKih clit. A pledge. To 
pawn. 



From Jx ^'-"'S ^11 ^xe. 
I ^ to give evidence. 

(,^\ A irtuous ; good ; worthy. 

From tJ^ Vie-ii^, vigorous. Hence ^ 
.s7//(\ upright; ^ ^/e?i\ firm; ^ k[]v\ 
tight; 'fif shen^, the kidneys. 

I !^ good and virtuous. 

I A a good man ; a worthy. 



tsicn 



Cheap. Mean ; low, 



From ^ tsie))^, pf'tty. Hence {f^ tsien"^, 
to tread on; |^ cJirni'^, a storehouse ; f^ 
Wiot^, shallow; ^ ts'an^, to ruin; ^ 
cfiaii\ a saucer; ^ tsieii^, confectionery. 



Elf 



.j>->j^^ An account ; a bill ; a 

c//a>ig debt. 

From ^ diang'^, to grow. Hence |]^ 
chaiig'^, to swell; /J^ chang'^, to open out ; 
(p^ c//a)ig'^, an awning. 



It 



To make good ; to restore. 



From "^ pei^, to spit. Hence ^ij ;:>'eo^ 
to halve ; -gf) pu'^, a chiss : ');§ ;;ei\ to 
roast ; ^ jj'ei-, to entertain ; J* ^^'ei'^, to 
cultivate. 
I IM to repay. 

Mi^V To l^estow. To spread. 
fio To levy. Poetry. 

From 1^ ?6^, martial. 

J^M To trust to. To accuse 
Id-i falsely. To repudiate. 

From "pii shuh, to bind. Hence ^ lai*, 
leprosy ; '|)g laiv^, lazy ; ^| /f'a/i, an otter. 

To bet : to 2:amble. 



i 



^«6 



191 



M 154 



VOCABULARY. 



10—15 



From ^ c}ice\ lie. Hoiice ij tii^, to 
fill up: ^ fn\ to look; m tu\ i^\\; f| 
chii}, all ; ^ choh, preseut participle; |^ 
^it\ a clue. 
[ ^ to compete. 

^^ To compete; to contcud 
s'cii for mastery. 

From ^ se/i, to fill a crock, (contrncted.) 
Compare ^ c/iai*, a stockade ; ^ Aan-, 
cold. 



I U^ to race, 

it' 



y^rr ToLiiy. 

From ^ /(•eo'', ten billions. Hence ^ 
7vTo\ a ducli ; B^ /ciniig'-^, to explain ; j[| 
A'eo*, to reach to. 
I ^ to buy. 

1^ ( To earn ; to make a profit. 
g^M' To cheat. 

chuaii 
From ^ ^im\ in addition. Hence ^ 
hsieu^, to di.slike; 1^ /''/«?i\ modest ; §Ji 
/c'le/i*, deficient; ^ ^/e?i^ a door screen, j 

MM) To redeem ; to ransom ; 
shah to atone for. 

From g mal^, to sell. Hence |^ i^(//, 
to study ; |3 .?'///, to succeed to ; )J^ /!»//, 
a tablet ; }^ /!?<//, to defile. 

I IP to atone for sin. 

I p f;f tlie Mercy Seat. 

I IP 6^ ^ '^ sacrifice for siu. 



The 155th Eadical. 

{}i^) Flesh coloured ; naked ; 
c/i'ih bare. Pure. 
Distinguish Tff, ih, also. 
I ^ naked. 
I |jj;ll bare-footed. 
I # E tl ^tark naked. 
I ^ # ^ stripped. 
I t\j WR "M compassionate and sincere. 



'Sri Booty; plinider. 

tsang 
From ^ tsnng-, to conceal. Hence H 
Uanrf, the chief viscera ; ^ tsang"-, to 
conceal. 



^lA To forgive; to remit. 
slue 
From /5c 7''^'''^ to tap. Compare ;^ 
fcntg\ to release. 
J IP to forgive sins. 
I % to forgive ; to remit. 

The 150th Radical. 

X£ To walk ; to travel ; to go. 

Hence ^ t'lr, a disciple. 

I J^ to walk ; to travel. 

I jg to travel everywhere. 

[ m|{ beasts. 

I ^M 'tfe to walk ftist. 

I ^ Wi i^ui^hlc to walk. 

I ^'5 ^ -^ to wander to and fro. 



To CfO to. 



J'' 



From [> 2^;//i, to divine. Hence j\\ 
2J^u/i, to tall down; |J» ji' ah, to push 
over; Ih/n", to announce a parent's death. 
I M t*3 go to a feast. 

i^ To rise. To begin. To 

I-^l start. 

From g, /a'^ self. Compare |S /;i\ to 

remember ; ^ hi?, to narrate ; ^y kl\ to 

shun ; Ci: ^'■«' S to alter ; fig, sj*, to sacrifice. 



19; 



YOCAi;rLA!;v 



^ 15G 



\ "^U) rise. 

I Hg iu the Ijegiuuing-. 

I ^ t() start ; to make a move. 

I ^ at first. 

I ^ to uame ; to give a uame t( 

I ff to start on a journey. 

I Y ^ to -weigh auclior. 

I I* ^ to swear an oath. 



To take ad vantage of; to 
avail oneself of. To 
c/i\'}i follo\v. To oo. 

From ^ chen^. black liair. Hence f^ 
clie?^, measles ; ^ chtrfi, to doctor ; ^ 
chen^, a gem. 

I ^ to a.vail oneself of. 

I ^ to take advantage of at once. 

To excel ; superior to. To 
ch''ao release ; to save. 

From ^ chao^, to summon. Hence I|3 
chao^, according to ; Bg chao^, to manifest ; 
JS cJiao\ to call ; |g chao'^, to decree. 
I ^ ^ if higher than all things. 

To overpass; to exceed. 
Sign of the compara- 
"'-'''' tive; more. 

From X^ lieh, an axe. 
I ^ ninch more. 
I ?^ til go beyond, 
I '\kM M the flxster the better. 

To follow ; to expel ; to 
drive ; to pursue. By 
J the time ; as soon as. 

From ^ han\ dry. 
I ^ to scatter. 
I j^ to expel demons. 
I j^ to drive out. 
I ^ s^ieedily ; at once. 



I Hi ^ to drive out. 

I ^ Jt unable to overtake. 

I 't^ ^ c'o faster ; make haste. 

I MiWLM ^ve sliall be there l)y dark. 

The loT'rn Radical. 

/£) The foot. Enough ; satisfi- 
tsiih ed; full 

Hence IJJ choh, to grab. 
I JS. 6vf amply sufficient. 



tiek 



To stumble; to fall down. 



From ^ sink, to lose. Hence f^ t'leh, 
iron ; ^ ch'ih, a portfolio. 

I flltofUll. 

I iU i'U^^i'^d by a fall. 



To run ; to gallop ; to 
jj'ao hurry. Also read ij'a//. 

From ^ j:»oo\ to wrap. Hence '{^ 
p'ao'^, to soak; ^ pao\ to wrap 
2j'ao-, a gown ; ^^ pau^, brotherly 
2)ao'\ satisfied. 

I 2j$ to come running. 

1 % 'K t:o run fast. 

\ ^ Ml -^ to run to and fro. 



m 



M 



The heel. To follow 
/•en accompany. 

From _g; ken'^, pervei-se. 



to 



Hence fl^ iir, 
ken^, n root ; f}^ ien''^, the eyes ; 
to hate. Compare |^ liang^. 



silver 
% hen 
grain. 

I ;^t.. follow. 

I $5 ^ follow me. 

I fig to follow ; to go with 







A road ; a path ; a way. 

In 
From ^ liOh, each. Hence ;f|f keh, a 
I pattern ; ^ loh, a camel ; ^ loh, to con- 



193 



J£ 157 



VOCABULARY. 



G— 14 



iiect ■ l|^ lu^, a bribe ; § k'eh, a guest ; 
^ lioh, sligblly. 

I ^£ road ; joui-ney. 

j || travelling expenses. 

[Mk^ To jump; to climb over; 
i^U to leap ; to posture. A 



t mo 



uauowcav 



From jj^ (^/zao^, a sign. Hence ^ 
t/Lao\ to carry ; ^ iVfo^ a peach ; ^ 
i'ao-, to flee ; ^^ tiao\ to provoke. 

I H to dance. 

I §J) to move. 

I itM to leap, — as from joy, etc. 

I H ±- to jump in. 

I 5'^ 2)5 to jump over. 

1 T -^ Jii^i^P ^l<>wu. 

1 Kii ^5 t»> fc'kip aLont : to jump up, 

I 3] i^ M ^ ^^ jump^iuto the sea, 

iri Tokucel. 

h-uei 
From ^ uei^, dangerous. Hence ^ 
iiei^, a mast; |^ knei^, to deceive; |'£ 
/.s'«i*, brittle. 

I "f to kneel down. 



') To kick. 

From ^ i^ easy. Hence ^.| ts'i^, to 
bestow : f^ sih, tin. Distinguish ^^ la;^5f^ 
to spread. 

I 5E A to kill by a kick. 



To tread on ; to walk. 



tsien 



From ^ bsien^, small. Hence ^ ^.s'ie?r\ 
shaHow: );^ chan^, a store house; ^ 
c/mH^ a saucer; ^ ts'ien\ money; g| 
is'an^ to ruin ; ^ i'^^ie/i*, confectionery. 

I 'fa to trample. 



/cV./:a« 



The ankle. Also read 



From ^ A;r\ really. Hence ^ /;'o^ 
a lesson ; |^ /t'o^, uumerary adjunct; ^ 
/^o^^ fruits; ^ /;o^, to wrap; |^ Jid"^, a 
comrade. 

j >^' the ankle bone. 

To leap; to jump. 




'tony 
From fl ionff, to buvst forth, 
f^ to skip ; to jump about. 



M, 



-H ) To tread ; to plant the 
t'l-th feet. 
From ^ ^'a/i, connected. 






^ > Traces ; footsteps. Effects. 



Uih 




From -^ ^se/i, to upbraid. Hence f^ 
chai^^ a debt ; ^ i?/A, to store up. 



A footprint ; a trace. 



tsong 
From ^ ts'ong'^, to follow. Hence 
i6'on(7*, although ; ^ .so?i//", to incite. 

I ^^ijj traces ; vestig-es. 

IX^^fToskip; to frisk. 



From ^ fill, plumage. Hence '^% 
clioh, to stamp ; =P. /'/V/, to buy grain ; H 
i'wo^ to sell grain ; j|| c/ioA, to wash. 



194 



4—8 



VOCABULARY. 



# 158 



sit en 



The IoSth Radical. 

The body ; the person . 
Oueself. 

Compare @. ta'i^, self. Hence ^^ shca^, 
to shoot. 

I tl the person. 
J ^ the body. 
I ,^ to be i)regnaiit. 
I ;g stature ; lieiglit. 
I ^ rank ; positiou. 
I '11 E %^ l^^zy '^^"^ gbittouoiis. 

(./vL To delay ; to loiter ; to 
tan hinder. 

From ^ ^/i^ walking. Compare ^ 
clibi?^ to sink. 
I 51 to delay. 



to hinder. 

to delay ; to impede. 






To hide ; to secrete ; 
withdraw. 



to 



to 



I §^ to avoid. 

I jH to escape ; to hide from. 

3P5 To lie down ; to recline. 
€ ang 

From -J^ shauf/, still. Hence f^ €an<f, 
if ; \'^ t\incj\ to flow : ^ tang^, ought ; 
^ cliang^, constantly. 

[ ^ to lie down. 

I g/t to recline. 

I ^ ii^ Jl to lie on a bed. 

The 1.")Uth Kauical. 

A carriage ; a cart ; a bar- 
row. 

Hence J^ Jcn'^, a treasury ; ^ chan^, 
to behead ; j^ Uen'^, to connect. 



ch' 



(-^^ ]\Iilitary ; an array. 
kuin 

From ^-» iu///, to cover. Hence jg 
?xm^ to transport; ^ um\ dizzy; ^^ 
Imen^, confused. 



Soft ; yielding ; pliable 
weak. 




raaii 
From 5^ r»rnr', soft. 
S 1^ Aveak. 



yi, to 



A yoke or collar. 
eh ^ 

From /g ^^, a ring. Hence 
grasp. 

> To load ; to contain. To 
record. Read tsai^. A 

From =^ ^s'aJ"^, to wound with weapons. 
Hence ^ ts'ai'^, to cut out ; ^ tsai^, to 
plant : ^ tsai''; an exclamation : ^ tsai^, 
a calamity. 

9C To compare. To test. 

kiao 

From ^ /iiao\ to join. Hence ^ 
hsiao*, a school : ^^ kiad^^ crafty ; |^ klao^^ 
a dumpling ; ;^^ hsia6\ to imitate ; |^ 
Iciaa', to strangle ; ^ hsiao^, to toil. 

I j:b to compare ; compared with. 

I ;:^ ^ H to contend for the mastery. 



To help. 



f^^ 



From "^ /^i^ great. Hence ^ ph^, to 
seize ; ^ pH% to mend. 
I Hi to assist. 

M^ Light; trifling. Young. 
/^'nigr To look on lightly. 

From g A;»?^\ flowing water. Hence 



195 



150 1^ 



VOCABUXARY. 



8—14 



^ Icing^, a classic; :fig ^m^^ the diame- 
; ^ ^''^'5'^ the neck, 
ii^glit. 

^ to esteem lightly. 
'j^ to treat disrespectfully. 
^ easy ; to treat with uuconcern. 
,^» to make light of. 
Jg to treat contemptuousl}'. 
^^ unstable ; light. 
1^ fe£ ^ light and nnprofital)le. 



To revolve : a wheel. 



Im 



From -^ Inen-, to arrange. Hence f^ 
Incv^, relationships ; pj^ luen'^, to discuss ; 
1^ /ue7r, to gulp down ; ^^ luen^, an 
eddy; ^ Inen^, to compare; 5^ Zue?*^, 
to revolve. Distinguish 1^ s/iu^, to lose. 
I fl to tm-n round. 



cTP^^» V To pay, as tribute, etc. 
ft^ I '^^ ^^^'^ ' ^^ ^^ beaten. 

From ^ u", yes. Hence j^ «'"', to ex- 
reed ; ^^ il'^. healed ; f^ ii\ a parable; ^ 
u^, to pass over ; f|j ?Z', to proclaim. 

•^^) To govern; to controL 

lisiaJi 
From ^ Aoi^, to injure. Hence P^ 
hsiah, blind ; fi] /.-o//, to cut. 
I f!j to govern. 
f ^ to manage ; to control. 

To turn round. To pass ou ; 
to transmit, A re- 
chuan volution. 



cjy^ Brightness ; glory ; shin- 
Awe i ing. 
From 3^ hiiavg^, bright; and «-♦ niih, 
to cover. Hence ^ hiiei^, to shake ; B^ 
frfieA^, bright; ^ liin^, dizzy; }g itiV, to 
transport; '{^ /n«ar, confused. 



From ^ c/mari^, speciah Hence ^ 
tien'^, carriage ; ^ cJinmr^ to propagate ; 
^ i'iwn^, to knead ; ^ chuan^, a brick. 

jI* to turn the body. 

^ to turn round. 

^ to change the mind, 

g^ to turn and move ; to change places. 

^ to transmit to ; to communicate t* 
another. 

j^ ^ to turn round. 

Wi ^ r«1 i^ the twinkling of an eye. 

"^1 The clatter of carts ; the 
(5$ rumbling of thunder. 
'iong To explode. 



The 16UTH Radical. 



c^ Dist 



Bitter: oiiev- 
Toilsome. 



;tressnio-. 
sin ous. 

Hence :(^ i'si^, to engrave; ^Jsf/i^, a 
governor. Compare ^ hsinr/, fortunate . 
] ^ tired ; suffering ; hardship. 



Crime ; fault. 



kii 



From -^ bi-\ ancient. Hence fj^ kii*-, 
to buy ; f^ kii^, to estimate ; ^ A;/«\ a 
girl ; *=g= /,'/r, bitter. 

[ -^ to be ungrateful for. 

I ,^, to ill-requite kindness. 

I M il' ^ to be insensible to favours. 



loh 



o Bitter ; acrid ; pungent. 



I 



To manage ) to do busi- 



From ^ shuh, to bind 

;>a?i ness ; to transact ; to do. 
From -)j lih, strength. Distinguish the 
next character. 
[ "^ to manage an affair. 
( g| to undertake ; to do. 
I ^ JiJ unable to accomplish. 



[96 



y— 13 



VOCAnrLACY. 



^ 16U 



To discriminate ; to dis- 
in'cn tiDguisli. 

Distinguish %f pien^, to argue. 
I ^ to di.stingui.sli clearly. 
I glj to discriminate ; to sec the dif- 
ferences between. 
I 1^ to discuss ; to argue. 
I 1^ to distinguish clearly ; to clear up. 
I /P lii ^ not able to discriminate. 

cp^ [ To excuse ; to decline. To 
^Sit \ take leave of. 

From "g- shell, the tongue. 
I glj to take leave of ; to bid farewell. 

^^^ To argue ; to dispute ; to 
fien discuss. 

From "g" ie)f', words. Distinguish ^ 
pien'^, to plait; ^ ^^/e;/*, to discriminate. 
I p^ to dispute. 
[ ,E|$ to argue. 
] -j^ fi disputer. 
I fp^ to ask in argument. 

The IClsT Radical. 
A Chinese division of time ; 
early morning. Also 
ch en YBSid shen'. 

Hence ^ sliuen^, the lips ; ^ chen\ to 
shake; ^ cA'en^, imperial apartments. 

S3F) To disgrace; to defile. To 
ruh abuse. 

From tJ tsiueii^, an inch. Hence |^ 
ruh., a mattress. 

I M ^'-^ I'Gvile. 

cjfe^ To farm ; a farmer, Agri- 
nong culture. 



From ^ k'uh, crooked. Compare j^ 
cKen\ morning; ^ noiig", pus. 

I ^ a fiirmer. 

The 1G2nd Radical. 



'f^^V Walking. 



choli 
Distinguish J^ /;(^ to move or. 



rS. To 



To meet ; to welcome ; to 
'ii^g receive. 

From Jp cmrf, to raise. Cumpare ^ 
limu/, to look up. 

I ^ to receive ; to welcome. 

I ^ to welcome Spring. 

I ^ to be betrothed ; to meet a bride. 



kill 



ear to : recent. 



From )y kln^, an axe. Hence Jfyj kin'^,. 
strength ; [^ isiang'^, a workman ; fjjj so^, 
that which ; ^^ /isiu'^, glad. Compare J^ 
cKVi, to reprove. 

I ^ recently ; near. 

I ^ nearer. 

I M 0.K short-sighted. 

I il ^ 2^ near relatives aud friends. 

! l~n Obstinate ; perverse. Iiiter- 
?' changed with '14^. 

From -^ tt^j noon. Hence '['t' '^^''» 
obstinate; |^ hsic', to peimit. 



M A 



name. 



A-/ 



From ip Idci^, to add. Hence ^ /,vVtS 
a frame; ;||]i) kia^, a wooden collar; ^ 
/lo"*, to congratulate; j|| ^i'o'', a carriage. 



197 



m 1C2 



VOCABULARY. 



,J^ To persecute ; to oppress. 
^S.5 In difficulties. Also 



peh 



read peli. 



From ^ pe//, white. Hence J% pe/t, 
weal til ; fj^ ^je/i, an uncle ; '{"Q p'a*, to 
fear ; iJiQ j//a^, a kerchief. 

I -tij urgent ; pressing. 

I ^ to persecute and injure 



to anuov 



m. 



5)K^) To uarratc; to tell tlie 
sliiili details. 

From 7|l shiiJi, a medicine. Hence f]^ 
.s7h?/i, a i)lan. Distinguish ^^mi-, to deceive. 
I IJu ^''^ S'ive a detailed account. 

3 ^. To accompany ; to escort, 
song To give to ; to hand over. 

I H to make presents. 

I ^ to escort a visitor to the door. 

[ ^^ to attend a funeral. 

[ fy to see off — as a friend on a journey. 

I pj f{^ n to convey to liis mouth. 



silver; |5g Iisien^, a limit; l^ /ten}, to 
follow ; M ^'wi^ the leg. 

j ^ to retire ; to backslide. 

1 ffi ^ to go out ; to retire. 

I T ^ 8'6t dow^n ! 

1 M i^ to step back a few paces. 

c^^^ To escape ; to flee. 

fao 

From }j\i chad^, a sign. Hence ^ ^^/o^, 
a peach; f^ Viao^, to carry on the 
shoulder ; 1% t'iao\ to jump ; §^ t'kio\ to 
provoke. 

I ^ to escape. 

I 5^ to run aw^ay. 

I Wu to cast off; to get clear of. 



chili 



-?j^ To deceive ; to delude. To 
i'^^ie lead or to go astray. 
mi Y.vmY. 

From tI^ rai-^, rice. Distinguish j^S 
ahuh, U) narrate. 

I iS to deceive ; deceit. 

I Ifg- tlie wrong path ; in error. 

I ^L.st; astray. 

I %% to leave the right path. 

I 1^ stupid ; foolish. 

5 nf in the dark. 

J ^ tlie path of error ; to lose one's way. 

I T '^'» deceived in heart. 

"J^ To retire ; to withdraw ; 
t'lii to recede. 
From _g; kcn\ perverse. Hence |^ hi^, 



To follow ; to pursue. To 
trace out. To reflect 
upoD. 

[ From -g tni^, to heap up Hence ^ 

clbiii-, to beat ; ^ chni\ to suspend. 

I ^ to follow after. 

I f^^ to reflect ; to recall the past. 

I f^ to go into thoroughly. 

I jS to annoy ; to press. 

I §f^ to search into ; to investigate. 

;|^j To disobey ; to rebel. Re- 
nlh fractory; contrary. 
From |j5r nih, disobedient. 
I ^j^ij- to conjecture ; to decide about. 
I M ''^ contrary Avind. 
I }^ obstinacy ; perverseuess. 






This; here. The. 



chcB 
From ■= i 
sin*, faith. 
I ^ in this manner. 



words. Compare ^ 



108 



VOCABULARY, 



€ 1«'^ 



I ^ tliese. 

I -^ over here ; uu this side. 

J f f: ^ this inatter. 

"•S Through. Univcisal ; gc 



t ong 



neral ; all. Thoroughly, 
To understand. 



From ^ iong^, to burst fortli. Hence 
■f^ i'o^^^ a bucket J ^ t'ong*, to ache : 
^ long', brave. 

I p all -the kingdom. 

I ^ ill general use. 

I fj everywhere current ; general. 

I jg thoroughly versed in ; to penetrate. 

^Hl^ To create ; to make ; to 

i^S prepare. Read tsao^. 

t-^uij '£q gQ j-^-,^ q^Q advance. 

From -^ /^-ao*, to tell. Compare f| 
k\io\ to trust. 

I f^ to make. 

I ^ made ; tinished. 

I K to rebel. 

] Wt to accom|)lish. 

I f[* t(-i make : luck. 

j p^ liurriedly ; disorderly. 

M 

lien 

From i^ c/i\y?, a carriage. Hence f^ 
I'cn-, a chain ; J^i k'u^, a treasury ; j^ 
^icn^, the lotus. 

I M connected. 

j 'I'f; without delay ; at once. 

I i^^M ^'^■^'" Ik' ^^'^^ k'l'^'d. 



To connect; to 
Even : includino-. 



join. 



;j^) To expel. In order ; one 
(-/ink by one. 

From ^ sh'iK a pig. Distinguish jg 
Sia'*, to comply, 

J ffi to cast out. 



t (iO 

From 3| 
allure. 



To pass through ; to pe- 
netrate. To understand. 

sm\ flourishing. Hence ^ 
^ siu"^, figured : |§ /'<■*, tu 
'/cr, to excuse. 



^^ To presume ; presump- 

r/i'ouj tuOUS. 

From ^ cWenij^, to state to a superior. 
Hence f^ dieivf, a road. 

^^^31, ^^ "^^^'^^ 5 ^^ path. A career. 

From ^ i*-, myself. Hence f^ «-^, 
remnant; ,^ .s/Z', to discuss; f^ Im?', 
dignified ; |rf c/^^^^ to remove : jt^ •s//<:e', 
to borrow. 



■•suh 



Hi 



Ljuickly. 



From ;^ .s///</(', to bind. Hence '^ -su^^ 
distant : ^ song'^, to fear : ^ ^s-'e/i, a 
plan ; flj t^'.^ to stab. 

i ^ 2j$ t<j come (piickly. 

• (^l^. To meet with. To happen; 
feng to hit on. 

From ^ feng^, to meet. Hence ^ 
jy'eng^, tangled ; |^ fc^ff, to sew ; ^,^ 
j)V//^-, a sail ; ^ feiuj^, a speav : ^.feiig^.^ 
a bee ; ^feng'^, a summit. 



m' 



To enter. To make pro- 

tain gress ; to advance. 

From ^ chai^, birds. Hence ||| .5/(!«r, 
who; i^ tui^, a heap; »|]^ ?/(?/-, only ; ^^ 
cJiuen^, to allow; ^| ^^i^, to push. 
I \ to enter. 
5 ^ to go in. 
I M to enter the city. 
I "M to come forward. 
f ^ a Metropolitan Graduate. 



199 



162 



VOCABULARY. 



^—10 



I Wf, ^'^^ enter the cliurcli ; to ])ecome a 

church member. 
I g a dvaucemeut ; progress. 
I f{ ^ to take food 
I jE M M ^^ ^^ dilemma. 



Ease ; idleness. 



From 



n 
From 
to lodge 
corner ; 1. . . 
I ^ to meet with, 
I i^ 7^ to miss meeting. 
I # ^ iii^t ; able to meet 

^^ To 



saiuitcr 
roam. 
^Yitll M. 



to travel ; to 
Interchanofetl 



y^:, To auno}'. To press ; to 
T>^^' compel. 

From g full, to fill. Hence ^ fuh, 
happiness ; ijlg fifh, a fold of cloth ; "^ 
fii^, wealth}-; glj /''*5 a subordinate. 
I iE to persecute. 
f ^J[ to compel by force. 

cy*\ To pass over ; to exceed. 
?' InterchaDged with ^|c« 

From ^ ii^, to respond. Hence j|^ w*, 
to heal ; f|j zZ^ to instruct ; J^ w ', a pai-able. 
I M il'i the Passover. 

°« ITl 

To meet; to happeu. 



u^, a moidcey. Hence ^ «^, 
^ ?<a;(*, a myriad ; ^ n -, a 
eo"\ an image. 



From f/^ hi-, to fluttei 
I M to travel. 



'\ 



A^i / Everywhere. The whole. 
i)^ I A time ; a turn. 

juen 



From ^ pien\ a tablet. Hence H 
2)ien\ to plait; fg ;y«V;«^, deflected; ^ 
2}'ien^, a leaf ; .|§ p'ien^, to cheat. 

I ^ everywhere. 

I J^ the entire body. 

I ^ the whole earth. 

I ^ to travel extensively 

I IS ^ the whole world. 

To pass ; to cross over. 
Transgression ; fault. 
Sign of past or perfect 
tense. 

Hence ^Ij hta'^, to cut in pieces ; §^ ko^, 
a cooking pan. 

I lU to observe a festival ; to keep a 
holiday. 

I -^ to pass over. 

I JB^ to exceed ; more than. 

I ^ to exceed the limit ; outrageous. 

I ^ to pass the winter. 

I ^ ftrult ; mistake ; error. 



ko 



fault ; wrong. 



I JB transgression. 
I yf ^ unable to pat 



intolerable. 



A road ; a way. A doc- 
trine ; a svord ; a priuci- 
^"'^ pie. Eeason. To speak. 

From -^ siteo", the head. Hence ^ fao*, 
to lead. 
I Kl a road ; a way. 
I 5g doctrine ; the rights of things ; 

principles. 
I ^ a Taoist priest. 



tah 
From ^ 



Intelligent, Successful. To 

notify. 
tah, a lamb. 

To disobey ; to oppose. To- 
disregard. 



20O 



i)— 1 1 



VOCABULAUV 



m 1''-^ 



From ^ ueP, leather. Hence g uei', 
to s-urroiiiKl ; ^j nei*, to guard; ^ /ce^^ a 
reed ; ^ neP, extraordinary ; i|r^ ucl"^, a 
curtain. 
I ^^ to disobey. 

^ to act contrary to ; to be perverse. 
I »j^ to act rudely. 



To transport ; to convey. 
inn To revolve. Luck. 

From ^ Icilin^, militar)'. Hence ^ /a';/\ 
dizzy ; jf^ /men-, confused ; Jlji hiiei\ 
bright ; ^^ huei^, to shake ; ^^ hueP-, bright. 

I ^ to transform. 

I JS t'* V^^^ ^^ various uses. 



m: 



To hide ; to escape. 



ttien 



From }^ tuen'^, a shield. Hence {^ 
hsuin'^, to accord with. 



;Jt^ To comply with ; to 
siii follow. Oousecjuently. 

From TV pah, eight ; and ^ .97iP, a pig. 
Distinguish ^ c/itf/i, to expel, 

"t^j r To hand to ; to pass over. 

m ) 



From ^ iieu', a robe. Hence |^ iien', 
a carriage ; Hj iieu'^, a garden. 
I ^ far separated from. 
( J^ a distant place. 
I ")] a remote place. 
I iH to keep away from. 
I 'M fi^ far-off; remote. 

J^ To yield ; humble. Also^ 
^uen read siiin. 

From 5^; s?(e?i'', descendants. Compare 
ff; //.s/-*, belonging to. 



ti 
From j5% s'i*, a wild beast. 
I ^ to baud to. 
I >§ ^$ to pass over. 

3 L^ To send ; to send or drive 
7//ty/ away. 

From ^ ^'/en^, a fragment. Compare 
3§, chui^, to pursue. Distinguish jg r, to 
hand down. 
I ^ to disperse. 

;|lS Distant, in time or place. 

lien 



M 



Distant : remote. 



From -^ i(td^, a jar. Hence ^ iao^, a 
kiln ; ^ /oo-', to shake; |g mo^ a report. 
I \% ^ Wi l)earino- a distant resem- 
blance ; somewhat similar. 



*»^ To cover ; to screen. 



clue 

From ^ shu*, 
sugar cane. 

I ^ to cover over. 

[ j^ covered ; to cover. 

I i^ hidden by overgrowth 



all. Hence )^^ cheh,. 



Late ; slow. To dela 



ch 



From ^ si^, a rhinoceros. 
I 5§ to delay. 
I fli slow^ ; dilatory. 
I ^ to impede. 
I fife obtuse ; slow to comprehend. 

^dtt To meet witli — generally 
used of evil. A time ; 
a tm'u. 



tsao 



From 



tHcw"^, a class. Hence |^ 



Ucto^, dregs; ^ ts'ao^, a trough 
I j^ to meet with. 



201 



7£. 



102 



VOCABULARY. 



J2— 15 



^^^ To bequeath ; to hand 

0^^, down ; to leave behind- 

' To lose. 

From ^ Jciiei\ expensive. Distinguish 

3^ k'ien'\ to send away; j^ chiiiK to 

pursue. 



I % transmitted. 

j ^ lost ; gone. 

I •^ a command hande;l down. 

I T ^ lianded down. 

c;J^£ To honour ; to obey ; to 
fsii::u comply. 

From ^ tsue/i^, honourable. Hence 
^ ttieii'^, to crouch. 
I l^too1)ey. 

I fj to carry out obediently. 
1 M to reverence. 
I Tjp to guard carefully. 
} ^l to follow ; to accord witli. 

;;R^ To select ; to choose ; to 
siieii elect. 

From 1^ SHe)i\ peaceful. Hence ^ 
fJiuaiv^, to edit. 

I ^ the elect. 

I ^ to elect as a candidate. 

( ^ to choose. 

I y£ ^'^ decide on and select. 

J^ To remove. 

tsieii 
From ^ sien^, to rise bigli. 
I ^ to remove a coffiu containing th e 

remains of the dead. 
I ^ to change one's residence. 



j i^ To go on a journey ; to 

"t«'' pass away. To grow old. 

From ^ iian'^, a myriad. Compare ^ 



tuen^, a depot 
incite. 



■li*, severe ; J^ li^, to 



2n 



To avoid ; to hide ; to 
shun ; to evade. 



From jg^ p^Ui, a prince. Hence ^ 
p'l^, a parable ; ^^ p^iJi, to burst forth ; 
^ 2^27i, a partition ; ^ ^^'''^^ ^^ ^P^^^- 

I Mi to avoid the heat. 

I Kl to escape from calamity. 

lo restore; to repay. 
Ilead/^ca^• /^ar.^ Still; 
huau yet ; also ; even. 
From ^ Iciong^, to gaze. Hence §^ 



<:Jli 



distant. 



Distinguish jg 



I ::^ yet there is ; further. 

I fg to abate the price. 

I 'M '^^^ 1''^'*^ — ''^'^ ^^^ account. 

>?^ 

r l^^ A side ; a border ; an edge, 
plen The frontier. 

From Q tsl\ from; ^ Jisueh, a cave; 
and 'jj fang^, square. 



The 1G3rd Radical. 

A district city (|?,) ; a 
region. The contract- 
ed form is written to 
the right of the char- 
acter. 

Distinguish -^ sch, colour ; 5 /<^''5^ a 
mound. 

5JI?^ That ; there ; where. Read 
M^ nee. AVhere? vdiich ? 



ih 



H 



m 



ence j;jjp no 

% those. 

g! there: where ': 



who ? 

2 to remove. 



202 



4—1: 



1(5:^ 



I ® ^ ""^ iiiiicli ;is t]i:lt. 
] ~ f 1-- -^ wliicli matter ? 



m 



A State ; a country. 



Fvoxn ^fe)ig^, fli)urisliing. Hence 
2'>ani/'', to bind ; ^ pang^, to help. 



^ Heterodox ; depraved ; 
si'' vicious ; evil. 

From ^ ia"^, a tooth. Heuce ^ in^, 
a shoot: ^ clinan^, to wear; ^% ia^, a 
crow ; ^ ia^, to exclaim ; ^ iVf-^, eiegaut ; 
5^ /ci^'j to greet. 

^ an evil spirit. 

^ vicious ; viciousuess. 

;f]g an evil device. 

(^ depraved ; good-for-uothiug'. 

^ evil and ^jrofligate. 

'Ill evil desires ; passions. 

Jgi lewdness ; lust. 

J^ evil spirits ; powers of darkness. 

cPJp Au ancient State. 
h.sicin 

From '^ hsiiiu'^, a decade, ^'ompare 
1^ hsiiin^, to shew partialit}'. 
I ^ the peoi)le of Ziou. 



y^p Uncultivated 
/■mo waste land. 



country ; 






r.ut; yet; still. 



From ;g! /.w(/<, a valley. Compare f^ 
s«/t, vulgar ; § ioji^'-^, appearance. 
I :^ liut ; nevertheless. 

::^r^^ A class; a division. A 
f^P public court ; a Board. 
P'' N. A. 

From •^ pei\ to spit out. Hence ^ 
//eo^, to split : ^^ pd^, to roast ; i^ per. 



to cultivate ; 



I per, to oitertain ; f| 



pei'^, to double ; f|g p'ei^, to indemnify, 

The me- 



ta 



From ^ ^iV/o^, to join. Hence ^ ^•tao■^ 
to compare ; ^ hsiao'^, a school ; [^ 7*ao'\ i 
to bite; 1^ kiao'^, to strangle; ij^ /j^W, 
a dragon ; ^ hsiao*, to imitate. 

I 5!* tliG country — as o])])oscd to the 
town. 

c^P A gentleman. 

From ^ Uanff'^, good. Hence ^ /a;?//-, 
a porch. Compare ^^ fang*, a wave; |5 
isie/i, a joint 



All ; the whole, 
tropolis. 

From ^ clue', that which. Hence '^ 
tu% to wa,2:er ; -^ tn^, to see ; ^^ tii;\ io 
stop up : 1^ t'u^, to slaughter. 

I ^ T "" ^'''^'^^ arrived. 
I ^ ^ # all are like this. 

(•^Sp The country; a village; 
hsiancj a neighbourhood. 

Hence ^ hsiang', a sound. Distinguish 
^^P k'ing'^, a courtier ; ^^ pnnrf', to bind. 
I f the country. 
J _|| one's native place. 
{ if^ country villages. 
\ ^ country brogue : patois. 

A neighljour. Near to ; 

I"* connected. Used witli 
lin ^^, 

From ^ liii^, will-o-the-wisp. < 'ompare 
1^ lien-, to pity. 
I -^ neighbours. 
f Jg neighbours. 

j ^ adjacent villages ; adjoining dis- 
'trict. 

I ^ a neighbour. 



203 



1G4 



VttCABrLARY, 



-11' 



To pickle ; to salt. 



The 1(j4th Kadical. 

I — I New Avine. From 5 to 7 

iu p.ni. From ;^ ieji\ to remain. Hence J^ 

TT ^ ^ ^ X Tin ^'^"^ to screen : ^ 'ien\ to geld; jU cu^. 

Hence ^ iW. honourable. Compare ^ ^^^^n ^^^ | .^ -^,^1 ^^ ^^.^^,f^ ^ 

® ^'^ w'^st ; m ^^'^ doubtful. ^ •,„4^ lightning. 

I IXl J'lx'iit 4 o\-loek. 

\^\u Worthy ; fit. To matcb. 



'P Pi 



(R?* Piicli, good, as wine. P 
^huen 



ure. 



From ^ hsiaiuf\ to enjo}-. Hence g^ 
From £, /(;r^ self. Hence HE ^^i", to i c/'''e''\ earnestly ; %^ tue)i\\o\\Qst. Corn- 
remember ; 12 A-r, to record; jjj^ si\ to j Ppi'e ^!£ shuh, who; f{ .s//;;/;, ripe; %. 
sacrifice ; ^(1 ^"r, to rise ; tJC. kai'\ to ' ^''<'''^ '^ cushion. 



alter ; ^^ U^, dread. 
[ -^ to mate ; to ])air. 
I ^ to matcli iu colour 



M 



! I 'M good wine. 

r3i To Avakc up ; to be aroused. 
^i'>U To startle. 



AVine ; spirits ; fermented \ From ^ 5///^\ a star. Distinguish U 



tsiu liquors. j huang'-, imperial. 

From >^ shuv', water. Compare ^ | I ^ awake. 



tu'-, oil. 
\ 5j :i wiue cnp. 
I ;;^ a feast. 
I ^ drunken. 
I 1'^ a wine-press. 

\^^ Leaven ; yeast. 

hiao 
From ^ ]isiao\ filial Hence 
hsicio^, to roar : M. Idao^, a sect. 



\ it to arouse the world. 
I »j^ to aw^ake ; to perceive. 



Ugly. Physic al or moral 
clieo deformit}'. 

^ From ^ hacr, a demon. Hence f^ 
j k'uei\ to give; '1^ Uaei\ ashamed; :i^ 
//?<fn-, the locust tr '-^ " 



' ^ h'nei", chief. 



fee ; ^ liuai\ a piece ; 



l3 Vinegar. 
its' a 
From =^ 6f/7<,form.er]3-. Hence fg^ ^,s/e^ 
to borrow; ^ .sy(/^'. to scatter; f^ ^s'o^ 
wrong : 'j'^ sih^ to love- 



Druidv ; intoxicated. 



tsui 



From 2ff ^5u/<, the end. Hence ^ 
s?n'^ fragments ; 1^ ^s'ni^, the kingfisher, I ( $J healed. 
I jg druidc with wine. ! [ ^ a doctor. 



1 A press for extracting 
,^ J> oil, sugar or spirits. To 
■^ I squeeze ; to express. 

chah 
From ^ fse/i, narrow. 

f^^ To heal ; to cure. A doctor ; 

i a physician. 

From g i'^, a quiver; and ^ •vZ'^z'. to 
kill. Compare ^ tsiang'^, ketchup. 



204 



i:i 



VOCABILARV, 



^i 1^5 



I ^ to heal disease. 
I f^' to cure disease. 
I ^ 21$ incuraljle. 



^ 



Thi 

5 



IGoTH Kadical. 
To separate. 



Hence #yr/?i\ foreign ; ^ siVi, minutely. 
C ompare ^ vtv\ rice : ^ /i&^ grain. 



To release ; to unloose. To 
ah'ih explain . Buddhism. 

From ^ i/f, to sp3\ Hence |^ ih, a 
post station; |^ ///, to interpret. 
I 1^ to liberate. 

The IGCth I^vdical. 

A Chinese mile=about J 
English. A lane ; street. 
^^ The country. 

Hence ^ IP, an exclamation; Jg /r. 
reason ; g i*^?/^", a lad ; g H', within. 

-^"^ Heavy ; weighty ; import- 
^^^ ant. Eead dionff. To 
c/io;/(/ repeat; again. 

From =^ ts'ien\ a thousand. Hence |Jj 
/o?i<7S to move ; ^ cAo^^^, to sow ; Kf 
cho7io% swollen, 

I ^ to he horn agaiu, 

f ^ to regard with favour ; to be iiar- 
tial. 

I ^ to rebuild. 

I Ji a heavy load. 

I fg a great price. 

I -j^ great ; weighty. 

I \M strong, as food ; thick. 

I if afresh ; anew. 

I iM ft repetitiou ; reiteration. 



Wild ; a wilderness ; 
cultivated ; rustic. 



un- 



From -^ 
preface. 

( J4 waste 
I 



( 'ompare ^ 



;Touud. 



■^; wild honey. 
Ui wild beasts. 
A an uucouth person. 

To measure ; to deliberate. 
Read Uang^. A mea- 
"9 sure; a limit. 
From _g tan\ sunrise. Hence % lianf, 
grain. Compare fg tan-^, on!}'. 
I ^ :i vessel for measuring; capacity. 
I — # to measure. 



liii) 



From ^ IP, to split 
widow. 



The thousandth part of a 
tael (^). Small; minute. 
m li\ a 



C.Wl 



Hence 
The IGTth Radical 
Metals ; gold. 



'in 
1 •? gold. 
I W\ ^jasper. 
I /t^ 7K *K ± metal 



il 

^^"S' 



wood, water, fire 
aud earth— the Five 
Elements. 



Eead ti 



Ulff 



To 



tcv\ 



A nail, 
nail. 

\ a person. Compare ff 
to strike ; prj* ting'^, to enjoin ; ]^ 



From ~Y finrj% a person 



/t»^^ the top; fX ^i"i/^ to edit. 
[ J(g print of a nail. 
I ii- ^ ± nailed to a frame or cross. 



To angle ; to fish with a 
hook and line. 



tiao 



From ^ shao^, a spoon. Hence |^ 
pno\ a panther ; g^ choh, to deliberate. 
Distinguish fi] ho\ a hook ; and ^ 
kdin^, a weight. 

I i^» to catch fish with rod aud line. 



205 



^ ig: 



VOCABT'LARY. 



4—7 



r^S/ A weiglit of 30 catties. 
To liarmouise. 



kiim 



From ^J i'dn", equal. Hence ^ k'lin^, 
equal; $| u'n*, a rhyme. Compare ^jjj 
kii\ to restrain. Distinguish ftj h'ao'*, to 
angle ; and $^ (:eo\ a hook. 



I §1 a brass vessel. 

I [£ a copper smith. 

I ^ money ; copper " cash.' 



To eno^rave ; to carve. 



m 



ining 

i From ^ viiiig^l fame. Hence 
leaves of tea. 
Blunt ; obtuse ; dull- , ^,j ^o eu-rave. 



m ^' 



to store.. Hence |j^ 



shuen'^, pure ; Ql^ chueti^, honest ; 
iueii^, to nod ; |i^ t^ueii^^ meat balls ; i|^ 
ineii^, a meal ; [^ ^/^cji*, a bin. 



Cymbals. 



1)oh 



From ^ j»^a/«, to uproot. Hence f^ 
j'>'a/?, to root up ; {^ j;o/.!, to travel. 



A hook ; a barb. 



From ■^p] Zr/i^ a sentence. Hence ^qj 
Aeo^ a doo^; -^ kid\ illicit; ^^7 HS to 
restrain; H^ kil^, a colt. Distinguish 'Ij 
silin'^, a decade. 




mmg-, 



ci^-iM To spread out; to arrange. 

From "^ //^^ the first. Compare fg 
p'«*, a shop; ti P''^ to apprehend. 
I ^ to make a bed. 
I 1^ ^ the Pavement. 

^Jff Rust. To rust ; to corrode. 

siu 

From H s^«^ flourishing. Hence ,f^ 

sut*, embroidery; ^ nt*, to allure; ^ 

i'eo*, to pass through. Distinguish m ;^t'r', 

to excuse. 

I :|^ corroded ; spoilt by rust. 



Silver ; riclies ; money ; 
^'' wealth. 

From ^ h-^n^, perverse. Hence ^ 
ken\ a root ; ^^ hni^, to follow ; '^ hen\ 
to hate ; f!g ie?i^, an eye ; ^ /ie?i^ a scar. 
[ ^ silver. 
I ^ silver coins. 
f j$ a treasury. 
I IH a silversmith. 



>^\ Brass; copper. 

From ig i!'o»(7'-, like. Hence JJb) tong\ 
a cave ; ^ foitg'^, a tube ; |I3 t'ong"^, a | 
varnish tree. Compare [^ hsiang'^, towards. I 



A sharp-pointed weapon. 

rut Acute; zealous. 

From ^ tHl\ to exchange. Hence ^ 

s//^a'\ taxes ; ^ Coh, to undress ; '^ «V.'/i, 

pleasing ; |^ skoh, to speak ; ^ /^e/;, to 

examine. 

c^^ A lioe ; to hoe. Also read 
ts'ic ch'u^. 
From g^ tsii\ to help. 
I J^ to hoe the ground. * 

/^/b To melt; to fuse. To 
cWn cancel ; to annul ; to 
^'"^ finish. 

Fi'om '^ siao^, similar. Hence f^ siao^, 
to melt ; f^ siao^, nitre ; '||'ij siao^, a sheath ; 
fjl ts'iao'^, to ridicule ; 'j^lj -s/^f/i, to cut off ; 
fS shao^, a little. 



206 



—10 



VOCABULAllY. 



^ 1<37 



I ^ to melt. 

I 'M t*' destroy ; to oLliterate. 



A sharp point. 



j'-'^^g 



From g ku\ to dwell. Heuce ^ ^'a/i, 
an injustice ; ^^ ku\ to squat. 



A needle ; a probe. 



From -^fengK, to meet. Heuce ^/en^r^. 
a summit ; ^ fencf, a bee ; 3^ jfeng"^, to 
meet ; f^ peng^, a sail. Compare (^ 
Maug'^, to desceud. 

f ^ the poiut. 

I iJJ -p. tints and edges ": tlie eilgc of. 

( J:C A sharp point. 
inang 
From ■£ mang\ the heard of grain. 

^^ ]\Iouey ; copper coin ; 
iS^Ki ''cash.'' The tenth of 
ts'ien .^ Chinese ounce. 

From ^ 1816)1^, smalL Hence g| 
isieuS mean ; f^ ^.9"i'e)i^ shallow ; g| 
^'.5/■e«^ confectionery ; f^ tsle)i\ to tramp ; 
|§ chan\ an inn. 

I ^ a iiKMiey hag. _ 
I ^ AYcalth ; riehes-. 

Jb^^ Wrong ; mistake ; eruor . 

$^ a fault. To mistake; 

^^■'0 To polish. 

From ^ sih, formerly. Hence '{^ sih, 

to love ; f^ tsie\ to borrow ; ^g tsu\ 

vinegar ; ^ smi'^, to scatter. 

j 1^ wrong ; mistaken ; to make a mis- 
take. 
J "J* in the wrong. 

I i^ '• fault seams " — a person's weak 
points ; the " seamy " side of 
his character. 
J ^ error ; mistake. 
I W g^'^'^^tly in error ; mistaken. 




\^i^ A saw ; to saw. 
ku 



•hen 



From j^ hsicn\ all. Hence (1^ klen-', 
to decrease; ^kiri', to influence; ^ 
hsien-, to seal; |^ hsien^, saltish. Com- 
pare g( huh, to delude ; 5^ hati'^, to call 
after. 



lien 



^^ To smelt ; to refiue. To 
discipline. Used Vvutli 

From '^ kieii^, to select. Hence ||3 
kien^, to reprove ; |f Ue)i^, to practise ; 
^ kleiv', to select : i^ llen'K to refine. 



To record. To choose. 



liih 



From ^ Ink, to carve. Hence ^^ Ink 
toilsome; ^ luh, green; §}\ pok, to flay. 

c^lH xAn anchor. 
mao 

From |g miao-, sprouts. Hence fjg 
miao^, to trace ; ^g mao-, a cat. 



igJAloek. 



To lock. Fetters. 



From "^ so^, sound of jingling shells. 
I ^13 to cliaiu np ; to lock up. 
I ^ to apprehend ; to manacle. 

3ES Armour ; mail. 

k'ai 
From ^ Fy, an interrogative. Heuce 
$)l taV-, silly. 

I ^ armour. 



207 



ig: 



VOCABULARY. 



11—211 



A eliain. 



lie 



From i£ lith", to connect. Hence |i| 
lien% a purse ; jg ^iVn^ the lotus ; ^ 
y7/*i*, to transport. 
I ^ cliaius : fetters. 



h.m 



A mirror ; a looking-glass. 



^^ To cast metals. 
chit 
From ^ s/ieo*, old age. Hence |^ 
iao^, to pray ; ^ dteo^, a comrade ; J^ 
cJieo^, irresolute; ^ cKeo", a tally; f^ 
i'ao^ billows. 
I 5it..cast. 



From ^ ^''"''^S flually. Hence ^ 
king'', a region. 
^ -^ a mirror. 



Manacles ; fetters. 



liao 



From ^ Ztao\ fuel. Hence j^ Z/ao'% to 
singe ; lljj /mo^, to see ; J|f //ao"-, to incite. 

^^A\ I Iron . Firm ; decided. 



From ^ ^/c'/i, sharp. 
I 1^ iron chains. 
I M. implements of iron. 

f j^ff^ A sickle ; a reaping-liook. 
lien 
From ^ lieu-, pure. Hence /|| lierr, a 
.screen. 
I Jl a sickk'. 



cj^J^ A brazier ; a Land stove. 
' U Used for (^). 

From ^ lu^, a fire pan. Hence j^ ?;r-. 
a stove ; ,ff /i/-, a donkey : '^ hr, rushes. 



ioh 
From ^ 
I to pray. 
I ^ a key, 



A key. 

io//, a flute. Hence §5 K^/^ 



A o'onS:. 



i 



A mirror of metal. To 



ms^ 



hien 



examine. 



From ^ hien^, to oversee. Hence ^ 
Jcarr, a door sill ; ^ /«n'. profuse ; H /«?/', 
to view; ^ «en^ salt; ^ /r/y/-^, a basket; 
1^ /rni", a hawser. 
I ^ to inspect ; to scrutini/c. 
J 5^ '' a mirror i^recept " — a warning-. 



From ^ lo^, gauze. Hence j^ loK 
a basket : P^ /o^ annoying. 

fe, Acliisel. Tocliisek 
isoh 
From ^itsoh, the original form cf 
the character. 

The 1C8th Radical. 

^^ Long, of time or space. 
^J^ Profitable. Read cliancf^. 
ch ang ^q grow ; to increase. 
Old ; senior. 

Hence ^ cJia??g^, to open ; |{i^ chaiifi'^, 
a curtain; fig chanrj'^, an account; [5i 
chang^, to overflow. 
I ^ an elder. 
I ^ long garments. 
i ^ advantages. 
\ % a long while. 
I ^ a good old age. 



208 



2-8 



VOCABULAKY. 



IGl) 



I ^f. coustautly preserved. 

I ^ t*^ contract leprosy. 

I -^ the elelest son. 

I 5|£ advancement ; progress. 

I ifi <^<> gather rust. 

I ^ 2|C to grow np. 

{ ^ ~f full-grown. 

I % ^ very long. 

f t^ ^ '^ spearsmau. 



<P^ 



The 109th Radical. 

A door ; a gateway 
opening. A sect„ 
men profession. 

Hence -fp^ I'^e?!,^, sign of the plural. 
I ^ a discii)le. 
[ $[> outside the door. 
I 



an 
A 



P at the door. 

I T 1^ H ^'^* study under a certain 
person ; to be a disciple. 

p{j A flash. To evade. 
shan 

From A Ten-, a man. Hence ^ o 
lie down ; ts'tH"^, a prisoner, 

I ^ lightning ; to flasli. 



to 



m 



To close ; to stop up 



From z^ t.s'at^, talent. Hence j^^ h-'ai~, 
materials; ^ ts'ai'^, wealth; f^ cJiai-, 
a wolf. 

I 0^ to close the eyes. 

I P to shut the mouth. 

I ^ to close up. 

I P M ^ nothing to say. 



A division of a house. 
Among ; in ; on. Eead 
kieii'^. To separate. 
From r'i/i, a daj'. Hence f^ kieii^, 
I hsieir, idle. 



.5.1 

kleii 



to insult. Distinguish 



c I^J To open ; to exph 
k'tti begin. 
From ^ k'ien^, level. 
I f •] to open a door. . 
[ 



To 



to serve up a meal. 

I P to begin speaking. 

I K& to open a road ; to make 
ning. 

I ^ to instruct. 

I t^. to explain. 

I Jifif to set sail. 

I "^ at the beginning. 

I f^ first principles. 

I ~f T to begin work. 



beiiii 



m 



idle] 



Leisure ; idleness ; unoc- 
hsien cupied. 

From ^ uch, the moon. Hence ^ 
hsieu", convulsions; f^i hcrr^, rude. Distin- 
guish Ph^ kien^, among. 

I th to stand idle. 

I ^ unimportant matters ; private af- 



fairs. 



nao 



To make a disturbance. 
Noise; bustle. 



From iff sh'i\ a market. 

To hear. To smel 



From U rF, the ear. Distinguish fp^ 
;«■*, to ask ; jiiM men'^, sad. 



m 



To castrate. 

ten 

From ^ ien 
ien^, to salt ; ^_ 
a small temple. 
1 ^i] to castrate, 



to remain. Hence If 
to screen ; /jg an^, 



leii- 



209 



P^ 1C9 



VOCABULARY. 



— 13 



k Will 



Broad ; ample. 



From }^ lioJi, living. 

To rush iu. SuddcDly. 

clitiang 

From ,B| ma^, a horse. Hence ^ ma* 
to curse ; |,% ma^, a grasshopper ; ^g ina^' 
a nurse ; ^,^ ma^, weights; ^ mcv', agate' 

I M '^ to ])nrst iu. 

MM ^*^ ^^^^^^ ' ^^ close. A 
cfyrj custom-house. To con- 

Z;';(ni ^g^,^^ rp^ connect. 

From ^ huan^, to pass through. Com- 
pare m iien'^, to connect. 

I H to lock up. 

I -^ to coneeru. 

.1 f:^ to close. 

I f^ to sluit tlie door. 

I ^ Custom's dues. 

I f^ concern ; connected with. 

I ^ concerned with. 

I W. responsibilities : coiise<|ucnces. 



) To split open; to cleave. 

From j^^ pl\ a prince. Hence jg pi^, 
io avoid ; ^ plh, a partition : ^ j)ih, a 
S^m ; 1^ Vili, mean; ^2''^^ ^^ compare ; 
^" p'i//, to split. 

Thk 1 70th Radical. 



A mound. Fertile. The 
^ J / contracted form is writ- 
|.S ) ten to the left of the 

feo character. 

Compare [$ i//, a region. 

210 



ci^v To guard against. 

' From ';^ /'■'"^^ ^ place. Hence f^ 
fang", to imitate ; ^J^ fang^, an obstacle ; 
Wjf^^''f> to spin; ijj faiig\ a shop; ;g 
fang^, a liouse; ^J^ fa^ig^, to inquire into^ 

1 fl^ to ]je on the watch against. 



A final particle. 



From pj" Jco^\ may. Hence ^ ^o-, a 
river; -jtij /to~, what ? 
I f 5 •• Amen. " 

'i!l Near to. To be possess- , 
/'i ed by. To enclose. 

From {ij- /«*, to entrust. Hence /j^ j 
fa^, a prefect ; ^ /a-, a charm. ; 

I ^ iwssessed. 

j J5 t^h^'^e to the ear. , 

I J£ near to. | 

1 ^ to accord with. 
I ^{i to play the sycopliaut. 

I jjL To hinder ; to obstruct. i 

tsu 
From ^ ib^'i'e^, also. Hence|[[ ('^"(i ', to 
curse; 13. ^6^!t\ to rent; fjg. ^sh-^, ancestors ; I 

^Ji tsie^, an elder sister; ^ tsu"^, to help. ' 

I ff to hinder. •{ 

I PM tf> impede. .i 

I t^ to ()l)struct. \ 

I ^ to get in the way ; to hinder. i 

It^ A boundary ; a limit ; a, 
/isicu fixed time. 
From ^ ken*, perverse. Hence |g 
h'en^, difficult; ^ in\ silver; ;|^ J:en^, a ! 

root ; 0^ ien^, eyes ; ^ hen\ a scar. . j 

I ;§; a limit. j 

I fij a restrictiou. ] 

I ^ to fix a limit to. 



VOCAliULARY. 



^ i:^i 



To (Icscend ; to condcs- 
/■tang ccud. 

From ^ Idanrf, to come to. Distin- 
guish ^fcncf, a poiut; 3^/(3H^^ to meet 
with. 

I /^ to become iuearuate. 
I -^ to come into the worhl. 
J pjf to seud raiu. 
I S^ to punish from lieaveu. 
I <{^-» coudesceudiug. 
I Ea to come dowu. 
I T ^ ^"^ descend. 

|7t A courtyard. A hall ; a 
ii'en college. 

From ^ ?ia?r, to finish. 
•^ a courtyard , 



!y4> To remove ; to do away 
cliii with. Besides ; except. 
From ^ ii-, 1. Hence f;% if, surplus ; 
'Hi s/i;^, to chat ; ^ i'fi", a road. 

I "J* to remove. 

f •^ to get rid of. 

I ^^ with the exception of. 

I IP to remove sin. 

I ^ Il5 the Passover. 

1 M fili i^^'<iy with Iiiui ! 

1 '(& i:U ^b "^'itli tlie exception of liim. 

clS To ascend ; to rise. Used 
sheufi with ("Tj-). 
From J\ sKeng^, to ascend ; and ^ ^'"'^t 
earth. 



army. 



h^ioh 



To sink. To invoh^e ; to 
l)ca'uile. 

pitfall. 11 (nice |y 
to grasp. 

betray ; to get another into 
trouble. 

! "^ WM ^*^' hivolve in sin. 



From :g hsleii\ a 
cKan^, to flatter ; jg k'ia 



I'H^) Six. Diy land. 
hih 

From ^ Z'//i, a clod of earth. Hence 
^ muh, aiiable; j^ /;'«<ei"'', a thorough- 
fare. Distinguish (g| ling^, a tomb ; ^ 
ling'^, to insult; [^ ^t''^'', a mound. 
I j^ ilry laud. 

1^ Shady ; secret ; dark 
Female ; the female 
principle in nature. 



I 



in 



From -^ k'ln^, now 



and -^ 

shady. 



illu , to 



speak. Hence |^ uu/ 
\ /^ Hades. 

! W> ^'*^"^'^ '■> ^kady. 

\ f^ Hades ; place of the departed. 

To spread out. To state 
K to a superior. Old ; 
<^''''"' stale. 
From ^ tong^. the east. Hence J^ 
tong"^, to freeze ; ^^ toiig\ a ridge pole. 
Distinguish \>$. ch'en^^ to arrange. 
I J@ old wine. 
I %X to set out ; to arrange. 



m 

ling 



To arrange. An 
ch'en N. A. 

From ^ cKce^, a cart. Hence ^ fcu*^ 
a treasury ; 5§ uin*, to transport ; jg (?w/A 
to connect. Distinguisli ^ ch''en\ to 
state. 



A tomb ; a high mound. 
To insult; in which 
sense it is interchanged 
with ( ?i ). 

Zt»gf\ an eminence. Hence 
ling-, to insult. 



Distinguish f^ tmm'^, beautiful. 

A file or company 
soldiers ; an army. 



of 



tui 



211 



^ no 



VOCABULARY. 



9—13 



From A V"'^^' eight; and ^ sAP, a pig. 
I f£ raiilc aud file ; rauks. 



I 



Eminent. To exalt ; to 
long magnify. Prosperous. 

From ^ hiring^, to descend (contracted); 
and ^ seng^, to produce. Hence ^ lony^, 
a hole. 
I ^ affluent ; abundant. 

(P^ Steps; stairs; a flight of 

kiai steps. 

From ^ ^/W, all. Hence tg A;ifli\ 
steps; ^.^-(Va'^, hemp stalks; fH Iislar, 
together ^vith ; ^ Iciieii^, brothers. 



■) To separate. Divided l)y. 



heh 



From j^ Zi//, a vase. Hence |g fe/?, 
the bieast ; ^{ hsien^, to present. 
I |g cut off from. 
I ^ severed ; cut off. 
I fM separated ; to divide. 



i\\& To follow ; to accord with. 
SI' I Forthwith. 

From :^ to*, to fall ; and j^ choh, to 
walk. Compare ^ sui"^, marrow. 
I ^ l;)y and by. 

I il! '^^ '"""1' convenience ; j^lease vonr- 

sel£ 

I filr> :'>« y^^^ lii^e. 

\ ^; at will ; at pleasure. 

I JjJ- at all seasons. 

I IS; ^0 follow ; to obey. 

I [pj to follow. 

I ;^ iu all places. 

I M fr ^** S'O ^ith the wind. 

! Rt I!i M at all times aud in all places. 

I i^i! 151 ;j^ at home in all tilings. 

I M S B 5^C (tlie wind) bloweth where 
it listeth. 



Dangerous ; difficult. A 
hsien defile. 

From -^ ts'ie^i^, all. Hence |^ kieiv\. 
to restrain : ^ ^'ie?i^, fru,2;al ; |j^ lieii^, the 
face ; ^ ien'^, to verify : ^i] /den'^, a rapier ; 
1^ hien'^, soda. 

li§> Hidden ; mysterious ; se- 
^'i cret. To conceal. 

From ^ in^, compassionate. Hence ff§ 
in^, a habit. Compare |1 ?^e?/^ firm. 

^ a hidden thought. 

3^ to hide. 

Bi^ to deceive. 

1^ to secrete. 

^ secret ; hidden. 

»j^ secret aff"airs ; hidden feelings. 



The 171st Radical. 
To reach to. 



tai 



Hence J^ Ican^, tranquillity ; ^ li\ to 
govern . 



The 172nd Radical. 



chui 



Birds 



Hence fH cJmen^, to permit; ^^ t^ui^, to 
push ; It shui^, who; j§ tsin'^, to enter. 



Sinole. N. A. 



c/i'i 



From 3^ iM*, also. Compare ^ ?i?r', a 
?lave. 



A bird. 



ts'ioh 
From >|? sliao^, a few. 
I ,% birds. 



212 



4—1" 



VOCABULARY. 



#. 1-^ 



f f^ althon-h. 
Elegant ; polished : polite ; I ^- ^ |i though it be so. 



ia refined. 

From ^ /a", a tooth. Hence Jf,| 'ia^, a 
crow ; U ia\ surprised ; ^ ia', a sprout ; 
^ ch'uan^, to wear. 



To assemble ; to gather 
too-ether. 



/6v 

From /fc inw/i, wood. Distinguish f^ ' | -Jg to leave the world ; to die. 



To leave ; to retire. Dis- 
li tant from ; apart from. 

From ■§ /r, to scatter. Compare ^jg 
li", glass; ^ li", a fence. 

j I ^ to leave. 

j I ^ to give np ; to reject. 

I 1 T to leave ; left. 



chiien^, to allow. 



^^ . To hire ; to engage. 

m) 

From ^ hu\ a door. Hence 1 
to care for. 

I X '^ hired labourer. 

I i5S to hire a boat. 

J ^ to engage a cart. 

I ^ to hire persons ; a hireling. 



ku' 



<ah|ju The male of birds. Brave ; 
hsiong strong. 

From ^ hsiong-, the forearm. Hence 
^ hoiig", ample ; )]^ ^'ong^, the arm. 
I Si ^\'ell-proportioued ; handsome. 



m\ 



To engrave ; to car^'e. 

tiao 
From ^ cheo^, complete. Hence ^ 
t'iao^, to mix : ^ tino^, to engrave ; ^ 
ched*-, to revolve; ^ cWeo-, silk; ^^ 
c/«(?o^, charity. 



to engrave. 



m 



Though ; still ; supposing. 



From p k'eo^, a mouth; and ^ 
cKong", an insect. 



I ^f) ^ ^ ^ ^o"o ^'"^y fi'om there. 
I M H M three li from the city. 
I M-W-^M, wayward and rebellious. 



'^ 'r The fowl. 



hi 
From ^ A.''i\ how. Hence |^ Jisiai-, 
shoes. 

I p^l- cockcrow. 
I ^ hens' eggs. 



/PM^) ( Mixed ; confused ; mis- 
?/lfe* ( cellaneous. 

fsah 
From tCa /7i, also ; and Tf; 7/i'»/i, wood. 

c^^ A chicken ; a fledgling. 

tSH 

From ^ cliu", fodder. Hence ^^ fseo\ 
wrinkled; Ji tseo\ crape; ^ k'ii^ to 
hasten. 
I ^ ^* yo^^iig dove. 

>tt;^ A pair ; a couple ; both, 
c^^sC Even, as opposed to 
shua7ig odd. 

From 3C ^''^» ^1^^* 
I 1^ twin birtli ; twins. 

^^ Diflicult ; grievous. Read 
^^P- oiart^. Trouble ; adver- 
nan sity ; difficulty. 



213 



m 1^3 



VOCABULARY. 



3—8 



From p: hau*, clay. Hence J^ hau\ 
Chinese; V^ fan*, to sigh ; |^ kifa^, dif- 
ficult; jll ^'a/ji, a rapid; ^H t'an^, to 
spread out. 

I 5^ is it possible ? is it conceivable ? 
I f^i difficult to do. 
I ^^ liai'd to meet with ; rare. 
I ^ t*^ trouble ; " I have put you to 

trouble." 
I UJ] difficult to clear up ; obscure. 
I H difficult to bear. 
I 1^5 hard to say ; difficult to guarantee. 
J ^ suffering ; difficulty. 

1 ft ^ M ^^ v^^'^t. number ; beyou d 
computation. 

The 1T3rd Radical. 
Raio. 




Compare j^ llang^, two. 

^* 

,:^*) Snow. To whiten ; to 

mch ' wipe out, as an injury. 
From 3- ^■^'*' ^ pig's head. 

c^^ Clouds. 



a til 
From 5: ''i"''^ to speak. Hence |s "'""^ 
to weed ; ^^ tZi/j'^ confused: ^ huen-, the 
soul. Distinguish % '^•'^"- ^^'^t. 
I ;g^cluuds. 

(>^r Fragments ; fractional ; 
ling the remaiuder. 

From -^ /i'?/, a law. Hence -^ 
7?ii?i^*, to command ; p^ ///^5^", to lead ; ij^ 
leiirf, cold ; |^ Ung"-, a bell. 
I gg a l)alance over. 
J ^ fragments ; odds and ends. 

(P^ Thunder. 



From i'i'eM^, a field. Distinguish ^ 
tieii^, lightning; "^ tang^, ought. 

I ^ sound of thunder. 

I -^ Sons of Thunder. 

I ^ sound of thunder. 

I %^ the god of thunder. 

^Qj, Lightning ; electricity. 
tlen 
From ^ shen^, to notify. 
f :7i: tlie glare of lightning. 

-"gy/ Hail. Also read ^oA ; 
pao and ^;ao^ 

Hence jj^ ^'ao-, to run : §^ jy'ad^, ia 
plane; 'j;^ p'acr, to roast: 
soak j fg imo^, satisfied ; 
placenta. 
I -^ hail stones. 



I§ ^3ao\ the 






To require 
Essential. 



to need. 



From 'ifQ }•■?'-, and yet. Hei 
weak; j^ ra^, to soak; 
^ r?r, a suckling 
I J^ fi^ indispensable for use. 



;^: To shake 
chen 



to excite. 



From ^ clien^, time. Hence ^ c/ie)</*, 
to arou.se; B^ c/ie?i*, to give alms; ^ 
c/i'e/i^ the morning; ^ ?io;/5f'^, agriculture. 

I i^ great anger. 

I H^ to move ; to excite. 

j I^ to scare ; to frighten. 

--^^ To moisten ; to wet. To 
^|& bestow favours. To be 
chan a recipient of. Used 

with (f^). 
From vfi c/mH^, to moisten. 
I '{jt bespattered with mud. 
I M to be indebted to grace. 



214 



'8— ]0 



VOCADULAPvY. 



M 173 



I ^ tu stec}) ill ; to satartite. 

I T i^ 11 ^^^'«i^'^l- 



^^) An iustaut. Passing ; for 
hsialt, a season. 

From ^ ^s'/e//, a concubine. Hence J^ 
tsieh, to receive. Compare ^^ an*, accord- 
ing to. 



^ Dew. Read leo\ To cx- 
fii' pose ; to disclose. 

From S^ //(*, a road. Hence ^ lii\ 
a heron. 

I ffi ^^ to disclose ; to let out. 

I ti ^ J^ naked and sufferiu*^. 

I ti II4 i^ sliamefidly exposed. 

<g|^ Spirit ; spiritual ; inge- 

^ -^K, uioiis ; intelligent ; etiica- 
ling 



From (5p i^'in-', a class ; and ^ m^, a 



cious 

wu. -?^ -''•-' 
witch. 

I ^ spiritual dwelling })lace. 
I ^ the sonl. 
I ]f5 iiioeuions. 
j |ii ctiicacious. 
I '[■^ <})iritual nature ; iutelligcut. 

The 174th Ivadical. 

c P3i 'i'^i^ colour of nature. 
Wing Green. Blue. Black. 

Hence »|^ ts'ing-, the affections ; '^ 
tsHng^, clear; R^ ts'iiig^, a fine day; |f 
ts'ing^', to request; |I^ t-^i^^g^, the eyes; 
1^ tsbig'^, unmixed. 

I :i: .^'i-een o-rass. 

i ^ fresli and <;reen ; young- ; as foliage. 

Hf* Quiet ; peaceful. 
tsiiig 
From |J ^seH^^ to contend. Hence i^ 



tsing\ pure ; j"^ ^^^ejigf*, to earn : ^ 
tseng^, a kite; \\^ tseng^, to open the eyes. 
\ Wi^.M ahsulutely cpiiet. 

Thh 17.")th Radical. 

»'9"P Wrong ; bad. A ucga- 
f'^i' tivc ; not. 

^ Hence ^J 2^ci\ sad; |p ^.5?a\ sin ; || 
/ei^ illegal. 

j /i, uncomniou. 

\ % out of the ordinary. 

\ fa not only. 

j :^ uot included in one's duty. 



k'ao 



To depend on ; to trust to. 



From ^ kad^, to tell. Compare jg 
isao^ to create. 

f i£ ii<?ar to. 

I ^ trusting ; leaning on. 

I % {± trustworthy. 

I ^ ^ ^ to come in the Father's name. 

The ITOth Radical. 

T^^ The surface ; the face. The 
1^ front ; before. A plaue 
''''''' surface. N. A. 

Hence ^ inien\ flour. 
I M before ; in front of. 
I H i>ersonal interview. 
j g tlie face ; the countenance- 
I pM. to speak face to face. 
I ^ appearance. 

The 177th Radical. 

-^p Hide ; raw leather. To 
^kch deprive of. 

Hence ^ /e//, to strangle. 



17 



VOCABULARY. 



G— O' 



- J^ V Shoes : boots. 

m 

hsiai 
From ^ kueP-, a sceptre. Hence #j kiai^, 
a street : ^ ^it^i^, cinnamon ; ^ /ma'^, to 
divine : ^ «fl~, babies. 
I ^- shoe hices. 

cTH ^ scaljbarcl ; a sheath. 
sioo 
From ''^ siao^, hkeness. Hence ^{^ siao^, 
to meh ; |'^" siao^, to cancel ; '||ij s«i'/^ to 
sharpen ; f|' s//rw', a httle. 

c-m A Avhip. To flog. 

From ^ iyien"^, convenient. 
j ^ a whip. 
I ^7 to tiog with a whip. 

Thk 178th Radical. 

i^^ Leather ; a hide. 

"dei 
Hence g ?<ei-, to surround ; j^ iwi^, to 
disobey ; ^j vei\ to guard ; ^ uciK reeds ; 
1^ ?(f2-, a curtain. 

The 170th Radical. 



Leeks. Hitcrchauged with 
The ISOth Radical. 



( ^ A sound ; a tone ; pro- 

"in nunciation. 

Hence ^ r"', an idea ; Pg an\ secret. 



Noise ; sound ; echo. To 
hsiang make a noise. 
From ^§{5 hsianri^, the country. Hence 
f^ hsiavg'^j to guide ; ^ hslan(/\ to enter- 
tain. 



J ^ a sound ; an echo. 

^The 181st Radical. 

^^^ , A page ; a leaf. 
ieh 
Hence jlt§ /«"^ to trouble. Compare 
•^' she6^% the head. 

cY^ The top. A button worn 

J^ on the hat. To wear 

ttng on the head. Topmost ; 

very; extremely. N. A. 

From -J* ting^, an individual. Hence 
|y twcj'^, to edit : fj ting'^, to nail : ^TJ^tinffy 
to enjoin; ^J ta^, to strike. 

I ^g to run against ; to oppose. 

I ^ !E ¥ f'lothed iu armour. 



't1 



3t^ An instant ; a short time> 
h'ing 

From l^ 2^*^ ^ spoon. Hence j^ /c'/»r/\. 
to overturn, 

I tA f^ '^^ ^^^ instant. 

"13 Favourable ; prosperous, 
«/i?/f?i To obey ; to agree. 

From ]\\ cKuan^, a stream. Hence %}\\ 
hsuin", docile ; p{ hsiiin^, to teach ; j^i 
siiin'^, to patrol ; ij^ tsai^, calamity. 

^ to obey. 

^ a fair wind. 

^ prosiierous, favourable. 

»J^ according to nature. 

3 an obedient ear. 

^ JH to go with the wind. 

M isl fe may fair winds accompany 
you. 

*^ ^^ V Necessary ; must. 



From ^ sa»^, plumage. Compare |/ 
s/j«><\ a shirt; ^2)/ao^ hair. 



216 



3—9 



VOCABL'LAnY. 



M J^' 



certuinlx' iniist ; it must be. 



m 



The iicck. Au item ; a 
kind ; a sort. Income. 
hsicoig Also read hanf. 
From X f<:oi)(/, labour. 

'^^ To bow the head. A 

tuen time ; a turn. A meal. 

From T^ t\ieu'^, to collect. Hence gj^ 

titen^, to nod ; §^ hicn^, dull; jjg s-hneii'-^, 

pure ; Jj^ c/iucn^, liouest : fj^ t'lten', meat 

fcalL^. 

c/|iH Obstinate ; wayward ; 
?'^"i stupid. To play. 

From ^f; ileji^, the beginning. Hence 
^ nmr, finished; 5c ^'^'^^ to play; ^ 
we??\ a courtyard; |^ iiiji", to weed. 
I ^ ohstiuate. 



■^^^ To jDraise ; to commend. 

From ^ kong^, public. Hence Ij^ 
/-o»^\ a centipede ; ^ -so^/^i, a pine tree ; 
^ nom/'^, litigation. 

I f§ b) land ; to i)raise. 

I g* praises; odes. 

I 13 commendatory odes. 



f^>4 To bestow 
known. 






to make 



^From ^ /eu\ to divide. Hence ^ 
2)V)i-, a bowl ; ^ fen^, to command ; '^ 
fen^, powder; ^ dia^, forked; $^ /«^b 
confused ; ^ pf/?i^, to dress up. 

I fr to pnblisli by author ity. 



m 



To lead ; to guide. To 
^'".'7 receive. A collar. 

From /^ luuf, a law. Hence \^ ling", 
intelligent ; ^^ liny\ a bell ; ^ hnf, 
cold; ^ Ihig'i, a fragment. 
I ^ to lead away. 



I '^ to C(»m[)reli('n(l. 

I ^ a collar. 

I W. Ji header ; a guide. 

I »^ to receive ; to accejit. 

I Bb to receive baptism. 

I -pB to receive commands. 



The head ; the top. Chief ; 
t'eo first. The end. 

From sL tco\ beans. Hence |g t'eo\ 
bread; ^ tuan\ short; ^ ^7^ one. 

I @ a chief; a head man. 

I ^ a lielmet. 

I ^ the first time. 

I — (0 the first one. 

I — the first day. 

I ^ tA the firstborn. 

I — ^^ the first — commandment. 

3^ The neck ; the throat. 
li'Dig 

From ^ ^ing'^, flowing water. Hence 
^ki)ig\ a classic; |^ k'iiig^, light; |k[ 
ki7ig\ the diameter. 

I ]^ tlie neck. 



A kernel. N. A. 



k'o 



Henc 



From ^ ko^, really, 
comrade; |^ k'o\ a lesson ; ^^ huai^, iho 
ankle : ^ ko^, to wrap ; H A-o'', fruit. 

0M. The forehead. A fixed 
e/< number. 

From ^ k'e/t, a visito]-. 

.SiJ A theme ; a subject. Tt- 
tTSi briD^• to notice. Used 

* ' witlUtl). 

From ^ s/Vi\ to be. Hence ^JS fi'\ 
to take up; (J^ fr, to guard; ^ c///% 
a key j |g ^i\ a dike. 



21 



ISl 



VOCABULARY. 



0—1! 



j ^ to remind ; to arouse. 
I ^ to raise ; to meutiou. 
I ^ij summoned ; bronglit forward ; 
noticed. 

i^^ Colour. The face. 

From ^ ien*, elegant. Hence |S ien'^, 
a proverb. Compare ^ ch'au-^, to beget. 
I ^ colour. 

^^ Willing; desirous. To 
lien desire. A vow. 

From ;^ f(en\ a source. Compare [^, 
r,en-, a fountain ; |^ uenJ^, a vow. 
I 'M willing- ; voluntary. 
I \^^^ ^ peace be to you. 



cl^M To upset; to turn over. 
tien Upside down. 

From ^ cheii^, true. Hence ^ chcn^, 
to guard ; i^ fien^, to fill up. 
I iJil npside down. 
I % crazy. 
1 -^ epileptic fits. 
I '/f^ to fall utterly ; in ditticulties. 



^^ A class ; a species ; a kin d. 
From 7{t '>n?-, rice ; and -j^ k^iieii'-. a dog. 

^^ To care for; to look after. 

From ^ ^jt% to hire. 
I ;g: to think of; to care for. 
I £, to care for oneself. 
I /p fi I cannot look after it. 

J^dH To manifest; to display. 
hsien Evident. 
From ^ hslen'^, bright. 



I PJj to set forth clearly. 

I J^ to spread abroad. 

I ^ clearly. 

I JS, to display ; to manifest. 

[ ^ to disclose ; to be apparent. 

I ifi to manifest. 

I itO =^ 1. self-evident. 

I ffi 1^ M to manifest glory. 

The ]82nd Radical. 

,/Sv Wind; breath. Usage. 
ff-ng Humour. 

_ Hence ^ feng^, palsy ; |1 /I'^^f*, to 
ridicule. Distinguish H -se/^ lice. 

I ^ customs ; usages. 

I ^ rumour ; fame. 

I ^ report; rumour. 

I P^ 6vl blown by the wind. 

c^%i To float. To whirl ; to 
piao be blown about. 

From ^ liiao"^, a ticket. Hence ||i 
'p^iao^. a gourd ; ;{^ piao^, a signal ; j^ 
pHoo^, bleached ; ^^ p^iaor, wanton. 

I "^ floating; to rock. 

The 1S3rd Radical. 
<7r^ To Hy ; to go quickly. 

fei 
I ^ to run swiftly. 
I thirds. 
I T ^ to fly down. 

The 184th Radical. 

,^ 5 Food. To eat. 

sliik 
Compare H ^tVoi^-, good ; ^ Waih/, a 
granary. 
I J^ eatables. 



518 



VOCABULARY. 



^ is^ 



^jX Cooked rice; food; provi- 

/«'«' sious. 

From ^ fcm^. to turn. Jlcnce jg 
fail", to return ; f^ /''"*', to trade ; i^X. 
23an^, a board; ^ p'aii\ to rebel. 

g/V. '-JL''^ driuk. Read i;i*. To 
"* water auinials. 



Ptatioiis or pay for troops. 
hs'ianrj Ptcvenuc. 
From itij hsian(f\ towards, llence %\ 
shaixf, noon. Compare (^ t'ong\ toge- 



ther. 



To iiourisli ; to rear ; to 
care for. Read icuuj*. 
To attend on one's pa- 
rents. 



From X ^-^''e't', to be short of. Hence ' . ^'i'°"? ^ '''"f^ ^ s^'eep. Jience -^ 
i^ k'an\ a pit; ^X /•*«"'. to cut; P^ ! ^^.^ . t^^ie ocean ; jji^ i.s'm»^'l felicity ; |f 



ch'ui^, to blow ; '^JC cJi'hi^. to cook ; ^ 
!fs'i*, second. 

I :t food and driuk. 

I |§$ to drink oneself drunk. 



J)CLO 



To eat to the full ; satiated. 



From -^ p«o^ to wrap. Hence §g 
j>'ao2, a plane : |g ^k(o\ to nurse ; -'^ 



is irt;/^", to look into. 
I fg to rear. 

I ^ to beget ; to In'ing up. 
I "^ to nourish. 
I 5£ :^ to bring u]) children. 



Hungry ; starved. 



^3'fro*, to soak ; gfi /ao^ to run ; fij «V/o^ i ^^0"^^ 6\ T. Compare ^| o^ a 
a (Town. goose ; %% o'-, a moth. 



I J£ having eaten enongli. 
I '^ well fed and wrll .dad. 

IflfjTo adorn; to set oft*. 
^^ ( Ornaments. 

From ^ //.si\ rare. 

g/T Cakes; biscuits. 
From ^f 2)^?^.'/^ also. 



To lick ; to taste. 




t ien 



\ "y hungry. 

I % yfaniished : dead througli hunger. 

<R^ Overplus; excess; a re- 
^ mainder. 

From ^^ il^, we. Hence ^ ^'«t', a 
road: ^ ch'iC^, to remove; ;^jc .sit*, to 
chat. 

I f^ what is left over ; a balance. 
I T fi^ the overplus. 

^^[. A meal. 

ts'an 
From ^ tai-^, bad. 



From $ s/ze//. the tongue. Hence f| 
'knah, to blow; f\\ hmh, to scrape; fg 
i^e^-, peaceful; ^| t'ien\ sweet; fg W/, 
alive ; ^ 7:'/a/i, to include. 



i'l 



P^ 



To feed animals or child- 
ren. 



219 



-^ f^4 



NC^CABULAKY, 



10— !•> 



From ^ uer, to depute. Henee ;^ i 
Qiei"', to excuse ; ^ a/^, low : ^ ?ien j 
weak. Distinguish ^ »^\ to allure. | 

A|^^ To make a present; a 
W^ present of food. To offer 
^ "^^ in sacrifice. ' 

From ^ /.-f^er^. a demon. Hence ^ 
*'i<ar% a lump : p! c/lVa^ ill-looking : -^^ 
F2(e{\ ashamed; ^ Jc'iieiK chief. 
I jS ^" pi"<?^eut. I 



^ fragrance. 

^ fragrant ointment. 

1^ altar of incense. 

M ceusev. 

TfC fragrant wood. 

fij- spices ; perfumery. 

<^^ Sweet-smelling 
/is/y/y ranee. 



frao-> 



I From p^ Jchtg'^, a stone musical instru- 

' ment. Hence ^ sheng^, sound. 

cg^ To forgive; to overlook. | ^. very fragrant. 
rao Abundance. 



From ^ iao-, eminent. Hence }^ hiao^, . 

to irrigate; \% hlao^, lucky; i^ r('o"\ to i 

-wind ; j^ rad'\ to surround ; ^ hsiao^, to I 

know. 1 

I fj}, to forgive ; to p-ardou. 




/^ J> Hunger; dearth ; scareit}" 



The ISTth Kaoical. 

!^ The horse. 
ma 

Hence j^ uia^ to revile ; ^% nuO-, a 
nurse; ^ 7nft'', weights; 3^ ?/ia^, agate;. 
^ ch'navg^. to rush in. Compare ,%■ 
?jmo^ a bird. 



I ^ a horse trough. 

kl i I :^ cavalry. 

From II ki^. a few. Hence H ^'f'. to I j ^ an army ; mounted soldic 

ridicule; ^ Jcl\ a spring; ^ ^-i^ an ■' , p- Ji o-q at once, 

obstacle. i i ~i^ ^ ^ 

I f^ hungry. 
I ^^ fnminc. 



The 1S.5TH PiAoicaf.. 

The head; chief; fir.st, 
sheo 

Hence ^ fa&^ doctrine. 
I fji the chief seat. 
I 5t lirst : in the first place. 
I fl a leader ; cliief. 
} ^- tlie chief sinner ; first in evif- 

The ISGth Radical. 

c ^ Fragrant. Incense. 
Iisiavg 

Distinguish ^ ch\r, to search. 



a^'yjti Mild ; docile ; tame, 
hsuin 



From Jll cJi/uarb^, streams. Hence p| 
hnlin^, to instruct; Jl^ shiien'^, to obey : 
5^ s/h'?i^ to patrol ; >}^ tsai^, a calamity; 
§j\\ cliuan'^, a bracelet. 

[ ]^ harmless ; tractable. 

i^& To spread. To tra^-el 
ch'i widely. 

From J^ ie", also. Hence -^ cKi', a 
pool; ftii i'a\ he; \^ W, the earth. 
Compare ^ A'//ij to beg. 



.) To argue ; to contradict. 
'poh To annul. To tranship. 
From 1^ /tsiao-, crosswise. 



220 



4 -111 



VOCAnULARY. 



m 1^ 



I ^j worsted iu arg'iuueiit. 

I /f> §ij nuable to overcome iuuri^'niiieiit 

5^43. To cany on the back. | From ^' Ara^ 9 to 1 1 p.m. Hence PJ; 
i^/\ Read ^o". The load of | /,VA, a cough : ;f^ Ac/i, the koruel : %\] 

^^ a beast of burden. 

From ^ //iien", a dog. 
I M t.arryi]ii;- ou the back. 

M^ A foal ; a colt. 



^^ To terrify ; startled. Als^ 
^Kti read heh. 



Jce/i, to carve : ^ har, bones of the body 
1^ ^«t^. ought ; ^ /ica"-, a child. 



<»wl 'i''^ mount ; to stride ; to 
^'i ride an animal. 

From ^ h'i'^, strange. Hence ^- /.-/% 
From ^ hP, a sentence. Hence ^5j ■ to send; |f /-^ a chair : -f^ i^ to trust. 
^/?, to grasp; fuj ^Y(>^ a dog ; ^ /Veo^, i | ^ rulii,o-. 
ilHcit ; ffij A-eo\ a hook. | j ^^^ ^^ ^^^.-^^^ ^^ ^^^^^j^^.^._ 

>gg5 To ride ; to go in a vessel. | | J: ^ won't you take u ride 'f 
jm Used as a polite form | 't^A^O t " -f . ^ im t 

^'« of address. A carriajvc. > ffiw To verify; to fulhl. io 

^ , 1 , ^ 'I VS?-. r examine ; to hold an 

From ;^rj Z/a\ to add. Compare^. Ht ) inquest. 

ten 

From ^ ts''ien^, all. Hence ^.-l: Jii'eii^, 
to caulk ; 1^ /i'?'e7i^, to examine ; ^ kien'\ 
frugal ; ^ Uen^, to shroud a corpse. 
I Jg to hold au inquest. 



/-m^ a frame ; ;||]i ^va'', a wooden collar; 
^ /io'', to congratulate. 

f M >J> Jl5 to go ii^ <^ small l)oat. 



t.lb The camel, 
i'o 



From 1^ ;''o-, another. Hence ^"[^ 6-//f«-, 
a snake ; fg ^o'*, a helm : J^'\^ i"ol a 
steelyard weight. 



►^yllij To 3^ 



>-n»/_L.. To d\Yell temporari]}' ; to 

c/iu halt. 

From ^ c//y.-% a lord. Hence fj^ c/iu"^, 

a pillar; li'^ c/m^ a moth; |£ c/^/''^ a 

commentary; i^ c//tt\ to hght ; '^ c/in\ 

to gaze ; -^ cAii^ to dwell. 

I ^Jj M'^ ^'ity having a garrison. 

>Sp ) The camel. 

loh 

From 4f ^^'^^^-i each. Hence |§ /ce//, a 
pattern ; |]^ ^e/i, the arm : § /c'e/', a 
gue.st ; ^If /tY7/, respectful; ^ /o/i, a final 
jnirticle ; ^ Zo/i, joined. 
I 1'^ a camel. 



►^*-5'/inj To 3^Yindle ; to cheat. 

From ^ 2^"'"^ ^^^^ Hence H ^^ie/^^ 
to plait; d^j 7;{e»S a bat; ;^ 2j'/eu\ a 
section ;_^ff p'i>«\ deflected; ^ picic^, a 
time; j^ jjic?iS everywhere. 



J 



To ascend ; to mount up. 

From ^ teng-, to rise. Hence |f 
sitenr/, to conquer ; |§ i'e^j^-j to tran- 
scribe ; f^ t'e)i(j'^, rattan. 

c>^^ To annoy. Sad ; grieved. 
sao 
From ^ ^stto'^ a flea. Hence f^ -sao'. 
to scratch ; ^ mih, honey. Compare ^ 
mih, close together. 
I ^ to vex ; to irritate. 



2''i\ 



1^: 



VOCABULARY. 



II — Ifj 



c^lM To expel. 



I -^ a donkey. 

I ,1^ a donkey's foal. 



From ^ h'fi\ a store room. Hence ^ 
S to beut : ^ k'il^, a pivot ; P|i co^. to 



The 188th Radical. 



*@* 



vomit ; i!i|| k'a\ rugged mountains ;^ H j ^ ^ A boue 

k'Lc\ the body ; |g eo\ to sing. I f-ah 



I ^ to ,u-et rid of ; to drive out. 

()>§IpJ Proud ; arrogant, 

hi (10 

From ^ k'iad^, liigh. Hence ^ A;tao'*, 
a sedan cliair; :f^ Iziac?^ a bridge ; i^ 
k'lac?-, delicate. 

I M pi'ond ; l)oastfal ; lianglity. 

I IIHJ " verl )earing ; disregardf ill of ad vice. 



Hence ^ shai^, dice. 

I Bi I'one. 

[ fi^ ]narrow. 

I I^ i §i blood relatiousliii) ; near of 
kin. 

<- B^ The bones of the body. 

//ai 



From ^ hai\ 9 to 11 p.m. Hence ^ 
^^;ti^ ought ; 0^ >&'e/i, to cough ; ^|J Z:-<3/>, 
,p^^^ , to carve; ,^ /m^^ startled; i^^ hch, the 

c>^ To alarm; to startle. I ^^^'"^^ ' ^ ^'"^''^ ^ c^^^^- 
khig Frio'hteued ; alarmed. 



From ^ kbig^. to respect. Hence 
klnf, to vs^urn ; ^ /c'i?^;"^, to lift up : 
hlng-'', to warn. 

I ^ to be alarmed ; startled. 

i % to troidde : to disturb. 

1 If startled. 

I jgt to l)e terrified. 

I ^ marvellous ; frio-litful. 

I 1^ startled. 

I i^ afraid ; apprehensive. 

] % terrified ; to scare. 

I %i iu confusion throug-h:fri,ulit. 



i>pf^ Ptapidly ; aljruptly 
tsto 



From PI Uu.\ to collect. 



f'^im The donkey. 

' /a. 



From JJ Z/r, a fire. Compare || iw"-^ 
a stove; ^ /u-, a reed : ^ ^ji".', anxious 
^ /o'', to capture. 



j »^ a skeleton ; human bones. 

A skull. 
ho 

From % led^, to weai-. I lence i^ Ury\ 
to embi-ace ; fg /er/, a storey ; ^ Zeo^ 
a basket. 

flXa Marrow. 

svl 
From 5g s!?i^ to follow. 



-) The bones on the top of 
^^"^h the liead. 

From ^ shuh, a worm. Hence ^ 
chuh, a candle ; ^ tah, single ; J^ -s/i !i//, 
to belong to. 

I ii a skull. 

I ^ M ^^1^ place of a skull. 



*^Jffll^ The body. To embody; 
BS» to show consideration. 
^ * Handsome. Real. 

From ^ Zi*, a vase. Compare jif Z/^ 
I ceremony. 



m 



ISO 



V0C.\)5ri.Al!Y 



m 



}\)^ 



I "^ Imiidsonie ; respectable. 

I t^ (ligiiily. 

J 0,5 to liavo sympntliy witli ; to ^sliew 

nppvocititioii of; to act in con- 

tbrinity Avitli. 
ii. ^<^ sympathise with. 
I -^ to compreheucl ; to take in an idea. 

Thk ISOth Radica].. 

"g2 High ; exalted. Noble ; 
' IH! emiuent. High in price ; 

'''"'^^ loud in tone. 

Hence ^ kao\ a plaster; ^ /i(id\ a 
rough draft ; ^ krio\ a pole. Compare "^ 
slinug^, to deliberate. 

I ^ a loud sound. 
j ^ celebrated. 

I fi 5^ high seat ; a high station. 
j "g lioasting ; bombast. 
I ^ great ; emiuent. 
I |Ij| advancement ; exalted ; to rise h igl i . 
I ^J a high hill ; a mountain. 
I |i^^ -7^ a tall, spare person. 
1^ {K IK I'l^g-g^^d ; uneven. 



^ To dress the hair in a 
5-1^ knot on the top of the 
^^'^«^'' head. A slave girl. 

From ^ k'long^, to gaze. Hence j^ 
hua^i^, to return ; f^ huan^, a ring. 



TnK lUl ST Radical. 



rj 

too 



To (juarrcl ; to fight. 



Distinguish ^^ inen', a gate. Hence ^ 
ieo', to light. 
j f M pngnacioas. 

\ Js}, } To contest ; to figlit. 

tea 
From II fcd\ a tlagou : and Jy kiii^, 
an axe. 

j |g to fight ; quarrelling. 
i ^ to fight with the fists. 






The 19<)th Radical. 
Hair. 



( 'ompare ^ cKanff^ long ; and ^ •s^z?i\ 
plumage. 

;;^^) The hair on the liiiman 
/(i/t head. 

From "^ iw\ a friend. Distinguish ^ 
jau'. to turn. 

^^ 

<-7t^^ Loose ; lax. To let go ; 
8on<j to relax. 

From :}^ song^^ the fir tree. Hence j-g 
son>f^ name of a river. 



A lot ; a ticket. To draw 
k'ai lots. 

From ^ hieV-^ a tortoise. 

Thk 102xd ]?adicai,. 

\r^ Fragrant herbs. Sacriticial 
di'ang spirits. 

! "^^j Anxious; grieved. Also 

I ^nk read fi\ 

j From 1^ /hi", a grove; ^ /co^ an 
I earthenware vessel ; *-» «ii7i, a cover : and 
^ 5a ?i^, feathers. 

Thr 103rd Radical. 

|t5j) A vase ; a cauldron. 

Hence [^ /(y'/i, to divide. Compare ^\ 
hsien*, to offer up. 



•22-i 



m H'^ 



VOCABriAEY. 



4—11 



The 104th Eadical. 

A devil ; a disembodied 
hucl spirit. 

Hence ^ Icnai^, a lump; ^- k'neP, a 
ctief. 

I ^j^ demons and gods. 
\ M ^'^"i^ (spiritual) powers. 
! ^i ^ i»ossessed l)y a devil. 

c^^l Tlie sold. Tlie wits ; tlie 
huen spiritual faculties, 

From ^ illn", to speak. 
I M ^ ^h ill ^ trance. 

<l^^ -A malignant spirit. 
mo 
From ^ ma^, hemp. Hence ^ mo-, 
to grind ; ^ ono-'\ an interrogative ; ^ 
mo", to rub. 
I J^ tlie devil. 
I I ^^^'^ prince of evil. 



The 105th Radicat., 
Fish. 



il 



Hence ^ su', to come to life ; f^^ a-, to 
fisli. 

I .ffi| fish scales. 

I ?iii a fish pond. 

*^ Stupid ; vulgar ; commoii. 



yw4 The scales of a fish. 
lin 

From ^ Ihi^, will-o'-the-^visp. Hence 
^ liir, the female unicorn ; ^ liiry 
near; ^ lieu-, to pity. 

The 106th Eadical. 

fi^ Birds. 
niao 

Distinguish ,|^ ?t\ black ; ,|| vur, a 
horse. 



cA^ The pigeon ; the turtk- 
kiH dove. 

From ji kiu^, nine. Hence ^ kin^, to 
explain; ff^ r/i'eo-, to hate; ^ kuei^, 
a rut. 

("v"*^ To sound; a sound. The 
ming cry of a Lird. 

From p Jceo^, a mouth. Compare *^ 
tiao^, secluded. 



c^4i^ The cro\\-, 
ia 

From ^ ia", a tooth. Hence f^"' /cr. 
to exclaim ; ^ ur, to bud ; p^ /a\ a final 
particle ; ^ 2«^ to greet ; fjS s/e-, depraved ; 
^ ch'uan^, to wear. 



Pi»^) A dove : a pic-coii. 
koh ^ ^ 

From ^ hah, to agree. Hence J^ /;///. 

^'^ I to give; f^ 6;/i/A, to pick up; ^ ;if(-. 

From iieh, to speak. Hence /|^ hi}-, j to take; :^ lioli, a casket. 

a scull. j , _. , 

I -f- a dove. 

cit^ ^ ast. A wild swan. 
hon(/ 

From jX kun)g\ a river. 
I 



ci^M* Fi'csh ; new. 
sicn 

From ^ unj^'-, sheep. Hence ^ 
hsien^, ringworm. 

I ^ new ; fresh. 



224 



n— 13 



VOCABULARY. 



lor> 



'S^j The crane — the emblem of 

hoh loDgovity. 

From /^ holi^ to fly liigli. 



c/*w ^ falcon ; a hawk ; a kite. 
ing 

From ^ ien^, a wild goose. Hence ^ 
ihg^, to fulfil j /^- wf/\ the breast. 

The 197th Radical. 

|M| Rock salt. Rude. 

la 

Hence ^ hsien-, salt tasted ; ^ ie?!^, 
salt. 



The 199th ]?adical. 

^5 Wheat. 

melh 

Compare "^ lai^, to come. 
I ^ wheateu cakes. 
I H wlieat field. 
\ ^ wheat. 
I li I'Jii'?^ of wheat. 



J > Flour; vermicelli. 



■line II 
From '|g mLe)i\ a face, 
I H yeast ; leaven. 

The 200th Radical. 



j/^ Brackish ; salt ; bitter. 
Itsiei) 

From ^^ /../6;r, all. Hence |^ /mc;/^ j c/fjV "w.-g. iu .^bich sense it v. 

to seal: <^ ^ve;;-^, to decrease; ]sg /w*-, j ,^j,, ^nfo,.^ 

to influence ; §^ cJien^, a needle. Distin- 
guish ^ /i//Vij to delude. 

I i^ salt and fresh. 



<S£ Salt. 
it 71 



From ^ Z:^e?l^ to oversee. Hence ^ 
A;/e?i'', a mirror ; ^ lan^, profuse ; ^ 
k'an^, a door-sill ; '^ lan^, a basket ; ^ 
Za>r^ blue; |^ ?a?r, ragged. 



f Hemp. Numbness ; para- 



interchanged with (^). 
10^, an evil 



Hence ^ 7no2, to rub ; 
spirit. 

I /f: nnmhed. 

I J' sackcloth. 

I H T^ liemp cordage. 



The 198th Radical. 




The 201st Radicai, 


J^, The deer. 

liih 
Compare ^ hu^, a tiger; J^ pi\ 
cover. 




i'^ Yellow. 


to 


Iiuang 

Hence ^ huar.y^, broad; ^ /uien^^ 
across. 


J^ Beautiful ; elegant. 




1 ■g, vellow colour. 
I &g"U. 


Hence g^ s/jaj**, to air ; j,g sa', 
sprinkle. 


to 


1 ^ S topaz ; chrysolite, 

I ^ 'ff red carueliau ; sardius. 



A^ An interrogative particle, 

mo 
From ^ iao^, immature. 



225 



2<)2 



VOCABULARY, 



M. 2m 



The 202nd Radical. 



<^ Millet. 

Compare |^ si/i, the ktiee. 
J -J' millet. 

pl Sticky ; glutinous. Used 

i/ien with (1^). 

From ^ cltcui*, to seize. Hence -^^ 
nieii'^, to pick up ; itjlf t^ieh, a document ; 
f^ chan*, to seize ; j[^ chan*, to stand ; |§ 
t'teh, to paste up; M^ tien^, a dot. 

The 203kd Radical. 



:j^) Black; dark. Secret. 

hell 

Distinguisli ^ vieh, ink. 

I Pf (lark ; darkness ; secret. 

I TZ uig-lit ; the dark uiglit. 

1^7^ to make uo distinction be- 
tween ffood and had. 



ikvx) Dark; secret. Silent. 
mch 

From -J^ k'ilen^, a dog. Compare 
meh., ink. 

I Hi to in-otect secretly. 

I jf;: tf) instruct secretly ; to reveal. 

I II; M )^ perfectly silent. 



B) 



f ^ ' A dot ; a spot. A little. 

hv% / To count. To puuc- 

^^'e'i tuate. 

From i5" c//a?i\ to divine. Hence ^^ 

Vieh, a card ; f^ 7i/'e;i^ to draw lots ; f^ 

chan\ to stand ; /J ^icji", a shop ; n^ Vieh, 

to stick. 

I tZ> ('oiifectiouery. 

I ;1 to light a lamp. 

I MffiM^^ convey meaning by signs. 



^^ A village. A clique ; a 
tang faction ; a gang. 

From "^ shang^, also. Hence \i^ Vang', 
to flow; ^ ia'i(/^, ought; ^ c/mnr/^, to 
superintend; ^ ch'ttng"^, constantly: fji^ 
Vang^, besides; |^' Vang^^ to lie down. 

[ 1^ a class ; a species. 

The 204th Radical. 



[Ijlj Embroidery. 

clii 

The 2u5th Radical. 

A toad. 

Hence |^ sheng"-, cord ; $1 ing'^, a fl}'. 

The 2')Gth Radical. 

'^ Jj9| A tri]tod ; regarded as an 
TIM emblem of Imperial 

- ^"*^ power. 

The 2<J7th Radical. 

A drum. To drum. To 
/'■?* rouse. 

Compare ^ teoi^, beans; and '^ chV. a 
branch. 

I ^ to dance. 

I fg a drnm tower. 

The 208th Radical. 



A rat ; a mouse. Also 
read ch\t^. 

The 209th Radical. 



shu 



The nose. Also read |nX 



I -^ the nose. 



226 



^ 214 VOCABULAHY. ^ ~1'* 



The "JliiTii llADTCAL. 1 llcnco lour/, f| a cage; || lonrf, a 

j hole ; jll Zo///, U) mannge ; ^ ^0/^7-, 

Even ; veouhir. All ; f^^\ ' ^ ^''"^'' ^'^ S'"^"*^ ^ tl <'^'^>>r' 



ilike. To arrange. 

1 leiice -^ tsi\ to aiil ; ^^ fsi^, to squeeze ; 
^•!j tsi^, a dose ; 5^ cimi}, abstinence. 



l)(.:it. 



ERRATA. 

Page 41 under ^ read ,s//z instead of /- ?. 

71 „ fj „ ?/^.9' „ „ /iiii(/. 

82 „ Hi „ Ic'in „ „ A-'/?i^^. 

8G for ^f,!,' „ ,f^ ; and iiicn as well as lien. 

95 under |^ ,, /.'/» instead of /c'/;///. 

148 „ §$ both entries should be l)ene:ith JJ\] \\ 103. 

172 „ :f substitute ^D for ^. 

184 for ;^ read JJj. 

101 under Hg .. ^6-'« for As-'/. 

230 for /ni .. />/. 

A D D E N I ) A . 

Page 15 last entry under f§ ad(b i'allaey ; false j)]iiloso[ihy. 
„ 17 under -JH the character |[^ has dropped out. 
,, 52 „ ^ read f'o as well as f'co. 

„ 155 add c^tt 

i^jKi Paper. 

cJi'i 

From Jg sJn'^, a female surname. 



202 



VOCABULARY. 



^ 2.)l» 



The 202nd Radical. 



<^ Millet. 

all n 
Compare J|^ sih^ the knee. 
J -J- millet. 



tang 



A village. A clique ; a 
faction ; a gangj. 

From "^ slicing^, also. Hence ^'^' Vang', 
to flow; ^ tnny^, ought; ^ chany^^ to 
superintend ; ^' ch'ang"^, constantly ; fji^ 
^aiig^, besides; |^' i^fi'^^, to lie down. 



From t5 c//a?i^, to divine. Hence ^^ 
<'/e/i, a card ; j^ nieii^, to draw lots ; f^ 
chan\ to stand ; /^ tien\ a shop ; H^ t'ieh, 
to stick. 

I >C» coufectiouery. 

I m. to light a lamp. 

I M n^ i^ to convey meaning by sigus. 



shu 



.•ead ch 



The 209th Radical. 



The nose. Also read ^^/X 



I -^ the nose. 



226 



;I4 



VOCAIULAHY, 



21 1< 



The 'JMth Radical. 

(>=| Even; veguUir. All; 
^•''•'' alike. To aiTange. 

1 1 cnec ^ t-'iiK to nid ; ^ f.<ii\ to squeeze ; 
^■1| tai'^, a dose ; 5^ rlidi^, abstinence. 

1 ij preiKii-ed. 

1 ^ perfect. 

I ^ to jHit tliiiiij;-s ill order : well ar- 

ranued : neat. 

I ^ all tiiiished. 

I >u'» of '*iie mind. 

I tt> ^5 1J t^'* P'lt I'orth united effort. 

Thk "Jl 1th Radical. 
^ The teetli. Age. 

The 212th Radical. 



Hencp long^, f| a cage ; H ^o?i(/^ ii 
hole ; jll Zo/J^'\ to manage ; ^ /o//(;-, 
deaf ; @ lo)Nf, to grind ; f| <:/roii,j'-, 
kindnes^^. 

I ^fi •' dragon lioat. 



« fj^ A niche for an idol ; a. 

Jc'aii. shrine. 

From ^ hoh, to unite. Iluiice ;g /loh, 
a small box : ^ nor, to bring : ^'^ .s/ii//, t(. 
pick up : ^ /;,-//, to give : ^^ hoh, the 
whole. 

TiiK 213th Radical. 
cW^ >V tortoise. 
Hence (i) AvV, a lot. 

The 214tii ]^\I>ICAL. 



gg The dragon. Used by the 
fH&( Chinese as an eiubleni 
''J'y 01 imneriai nnwm- j 



of Imperial power. 



5 A flnte. 
Hence |§ ioh, a key. 



22: 



INDEX. 



Note. — ^AVords beginaing with sh are placed together at the eud of tliose 
begiuuing with s; words begiuuiug witli t.s after those begiuning with f. All 
sounds coutaiuing u are placed at the end of the group to which they belong. 
Words in the ruh-sheng (A M) follow innnediatcly those of the same sound in 
other tones. The numbers refer to pages, not to radicals. 
a dull 



ppf 210 



ft SO 

® 70 

S 143 

Bi 143 



;} 



145 



clt'ct clian 

S 1"'^ yA loO 

^ 1>3 ^ 

cho.h 
ft 84 

■m ^^ 

ch\(h 



^ 55 
^ C3 

m ss 

^ 100 
Bb 104 

nnrj 

^ h.r 

ao 



1 c/(':e 
1^ 163 

■Bios 

Jg 201 

» 177 

ch'.n 

10 



^ 1 

* 50 
m 127 



loo 

140 
157 

104 
21 



*^» 



I'ig I'.'s! 






„^ 123, clu'h 

S I'-'i +:/t 85 

clt'cnig cli'eli. 

2(JS M 01 






63 
66 



175 

cli 'ait 
135, 
^ 185 

fi 97 



R 1:4 

chevg 
IE 113 

ffi 71 

^ 88 
ig^ 98 



S 214 #1 ^^ $£ 108 ti 73 

a 83j«j # 133 p|i3g 

m 175 Jli 167 ^ 180 ilEJ 

c/.Vm Iff 41 I K 142 # 00 

jg 135 ^i 104 ^ 00 ;^^-- 



Y^ 18 

cliao 



m 1"" 

i i,-,o ^ 34 #]..,„- 

TT c/^fa;^ ' J& ^5 c/,v /A 

7 2( '' * ^^.^^ '' ^ ''' 
0'*L ft ^'^ ^^^ E 168 




;^ 






83 

36 

85 

44 

5 

100 

147 

184 

46 

82 



m 


37 


5a 


37 


ft* 


:^(s 


< 


103 


w 


101 


clieo 


ft) 


s 


tt 


87 


'* 


168 




^157 


m 


204 


m 


153 


cl 


I'i ) 


z 


5 


It 


113 


^ 


07 


K. 


33 


a 


102 


S 


108 


iJt 


44 


^. 


74 


*^ 


108 


^ 


143 



^^ 11^ 

%\\ 25 
^ 16.> 

108 
88 
145 
212 
100- 
155 
104 
170 



lit 



IK 

m 



cli'i 

Wi 11 



12 



Sit) 



80' 
162 

20- 
220' 
201 



ch'ih, 
it 117 
it 141 



cirHi 



he. 




230 



heo 



# 72 ' A;t 



81 
13 
14 

40 



84 



/<0 



V 1-25 

^ 140 

^]* 10 

M 118 

7^ 37 

^ 1S9 

« 100 

Wi 140 



s 

df 37 

!i3!: 131 

M IGO 
122 
154 

187 



m 

m 



holt 



^ 



34 

i$ 110 

^ 140 



/nJi 



# 132 
lin.a 

il 20 

?^ 1:1 

* 130 
fg 1S3 

Vi ISO 



^ 188 '[g ,. 

H 225;^ 47 

>gfc 110 M 02 

fee 170 '^ 30 






134 



113 



lauovj 

'% 1:2 

M 225 

^I 177 

Wi ISa 

ipjl 145 

^ S3 



42 



mi 

M 125 

® 1:2 

n ■■ 

m T« 

# 1!I5 

m no 

pM isi 

^ 190 

a 81 

S 124 

'j:^ 128 

S 148 



huen ■ h.-ii(ui(j 

# 102 [«J :>,5 

•^ 121 $: 7 

m ^3 § -M 

¥ 1-^ ^ o:> 

^ 224 fl5 203 

hueng t 3^ 217 

ii 112 l^ 219 

^-'^ i# 210 

# 13^^ 54 
S 30 !!^ 3S 
li 140 ^ ^ '.'8 
*E 84 j^ 104 

H 150 1 hslch 



24 I 7?{ 






130 



113 



-p 3 I ^'■^'■'''* 
H 48, RR 2ln 
Ig 133 ?S '^11 



hsiah 
}& 110 
t^ 00 
$^ 131 
m 143 

ft 190 

hsiai 

m 82 



^ 1 20 

Eg 133 

^ 200 

^ 212 

R 101 

^ 158 

if 138 

^■ll32 



210 *^ 
11 

231 



225 
218 



hsiu 

UK 11:! 
n n: 

m 

m n 

# n: 

h.loh 

# 55 

hsionrj 

fe<l 23 

it !8 
JtI 10 

BSl I'"' 

t% 213 

hsiu 

t5 10: 

Its'iult 

g^ 182 

)# 170 



hsdiii 



•A 



1} 



](i2 
11; 
2(J3 



131 



ffl 181 
,!SI| 22n 
S K5 



1^ 






p 





40 
50 



1: 

^ 102 

^ 12 

m 14 

^ 130 

^ 147 

m 70 

* 161 

^ 170 



I 


00 
202 

II 



S 140 
^ 2<J<i 
1^ 158 



T 4 

? 130 

Pf 3(> 

^^ 1:1 

55 7 

n^ 39 

if 182 

ffl 213 

f^f 178 

#, 224 

lah 

W 87 

JlS 47 



lisV.eh 
K 148 
Jft. 177 

hsilen 

Pt 4<i 






137 
17 

_ 2<.»2 

i 00 

i 204 

i 1:.) 

i 1N7 



^ 4 

1" 



[any 

^ 161 

# 12 

g^ 114 

^ '-)2 

^ 219 



W. m^ 151 

iao 1^^ '\ 



£3 



1S«J 



08 



31 

!U4 
200 

218 






:^ 14U 
4|| 144 

m -I 



ioh 
1^ lo4 



102 , ,fi 






ich 

M '11 

^ 173 



INDEX. 

^ 34 ; ^«- I ^ IGl 

tir 135 ^ ^^ ^ 223 

^ 67 "H- 134 .^ y,~ 

m 105'^ 1^" fs 148 

g 004 tJ: -J'^!^) 

m c:|g ^^1:^ so 

^ '-^^[193 m 1^0 

« 132 I %J i^ 215 



/f'i/f 



^ 1:1 «].o. 
« 44 fLJ ^^ 



:} 



206 



m 93 



20 

15l> 



k'i 

K 20 

yiL 118 

I^ 114 



f 10 

Iceo 

i P 33 

PP 34 

:fn 85 

a 



'1} 



4l> 






m 142 

tS 01 



*t^ 



^20 



« 




n(ang 




l;n h(ah 

a 11 knai 

khiai 



M 220 



1»0 



218 

k'li, 

U 108 



ITH 



^ i:i I 

^ 139 15 C4 

110 foWi 
P^ 2121:^ 02 

1«1 ] J6 150 



U 50 

M 21 

=s 1:1 « '^^2 

^. ')00 ^ 21'/ 

ig 125 

*s 222 M) 

k'vh 111, 181 
:;^ 38 k'nan 

ft"*S9 51 113 

# 00 *^^ 



i 100 
» 59 

k''ua 

183 



m 5s 

ki'.ang 

3fe 1^^ 

If 60 



233 



Juiang 



INDEX. 



I'i 



Jc'uang } ^ 2(J2 

tf 151 I +E *S 
IB 1S3 >E ^^ 

« 1U4^^ '"' 

11 ^\^ 1^3 

2-21 



Ian \ ^ ji,^ 



M 






10 



,S) 



kuH \m 207 

i^ lOol^ 1'5 

^ 224 ii >^2 

3^ ISO, ^■■'■'' 

^ ]()()! 4* 32 

St 1S3 H0 27 

^ ],4,iS 222 
f ij 2o ^"'' 

1^^'ffi 105 

r../ |S C2 

J^ 140 : ^■'^'-'^' 

It 80 *^l oo 
IS 14.^/ 
15 17CJW 87 

IS 220 tS -'J 
/■^6cu I ^ 05 

tM 110 I -^-V^'iA 

/.■'?(r^M I ^ 100 
ffl 42|:|i 138 



^ 31 

# 14 i^ 125^ o„5 
ffl 00 1^ 82 >^J 12 
If 02 fi 06 JH 3, 

# 142IK 175 a 131 
l^mn I jti 128 gg 133 

;^1 S 153 ^-j 

4i '^M K5 Jl^^^'^ 

# ^^''ti ^'~ « 138 
SI 42 tl 112 m-) 

m) lang j^^ 134 

<^ 112 ]|R 203 

A' 



i^ 110 
m 200 

fl 185 



--- RW '^o.:; iiju 2!^ 

'""^ iS 120 jji^-| 



44 

105 



08 



11) 
ffij 



213 
/«o ^ 205 

^ ^'"^* 102 M 175 

« ^^^'^ 130 ^ 225 

''■"" ^ 28 II 133 
179 

^^^^ ^t/i 

TO 165 ;/j 26 

® 27 - 140 

^^"^ |}(eit 154 
'^-^ 22,^ lu 

)S 123 |J^ ,, 

ti 111 H. 1:0 
If 222 35 

101 j li % 

13S I ^ 35 U 
234 



154 






liao 

T 

3^^ loo 

8^ 143 

If 208 

n 24 

?li 125 

^ 178 



i-^ 36 

I # I08 

^ lil 

M 203 

'^ IH 

1^ 224 
I liny 

7^ 33 



IS i.-.o 

m 1:2 

^ 111 

I? 221 

JOHJ 

W 00 

Pt 212 



lien 



\m 


22 


m 


211 


» 


214 


m 


217 


m 


03 


s 


215 



41 

07 
164 
153 



tfi 



86 



hi 
fe 86 

lah 
/fil 40 

M 106 

Si 108 

lai 

* 11 , 

I 



199 S) 
6S,1!J&J 



lie 



127 

81 
173 

99 
157 

180 



lioli 
136 
91 



hi 
m 193 
@ 224 
B 215 



/i?t 






128 



&l 



} 



136 



120 
133 

8^ 1^^~ ' a 144 
lo 



20 



22 



^ 115 

W. 207 

W 104 : 

m 208 I i 

^ 208 L 



95 
161 

2i)8 



loh 



82 ! '}^ 126 



M 175 

M 208 

hih 

■h 20 

S 211 

^ 225 

# 144 

;# 158 

a 83 

^i 207 

/« 

S 36 

Jg 101 

^ ^1 



liih 



IXDF.X, 



yi'ai 



121. H I'-'l {t"l 1-^1 *'"^'^ 

P'l '.•! M 122 



SI it 213 I ''''''J |§\ 1(1 



•JirJ 



aau'i 



liih 



W :2 It 



,aa ^^ 7S j "<i«'i 

^ 19 



^l :>s ^ft l:i 
¥J Bit 1S2 



t S' .nen, | 3^ l^M 
t r,(i ^-. \ BS 215 I .. 



^ 21 i# ]' 



HI 

''' a 41 

224 nioh iJt KC 

'^^' ."• g 13S gi$ 211) 



oA 



hi.i'ii 












(•)'.] 



IS., Sl 



^/« 



'- % ''' i .0. ff5 ^1 

^ l.v. 



,J m.A \B 154 
154 



:,r. m 1-' ^tuT M 140 

02 j '"* 

159 1 m 

199 

:} 



^ 37 
gfl 102 



„^ 3 fr> «| n,m,j @ 150 

"„„ ' M 3:;^ ,«; 1 1.1 

m 218^ 109 I -'^ 1^ 200 ;^,^, ft'L^ ^^ A 20 

.na \m 47^il80le 224 I ^ j, -,! — ;K 87 
22r, ^.» I mm riJR o^l ''^ I T >^ ^^^ 

,)- m - ' ; :^ :^.^ ^ 4(, ^ V 55 Mli 53 i]if 122 

jS 174 ^ IGl I ""«« S) .. SfTJ" ir;-^|-WJ ; ,,,,i fjl 14 
.../A fl^^ 1(J3 I ij^ 51 



.H 220 1 



iR 225 i ^nei I ^ t 58 ! P ^^^ I ^m^ 
115 ^J I «io ^ 7J 



m 134 # 

M 161 ** 



177 



# SO I If noj® 171 

'nai M 53 I i)^ 122 

JM 45 j mm ' Jg 09 

S U'" PI ^"^' 3S 175 



j 151 -J '"" 



94 j nan I y^jj 74 



ft 19 ti •"'' 

iC 50 M 110 



)g 225 , ^ 135 ' ^ 144 i o ^\. 91 



04 : m •>. i^ 220 I ^ S3 )|$ 121 
235 



INDEX. 




230 



pu 


ren 


% 05 


A ' 


# 114 


iU 23 


^ 203 


i^ 8 


m 1^0 


a 



lo; 

rv.an 



INDEX. 



sh'ih 



mi 


a 


134 


siao 


siu 


sttan 


swin 


f8 147 


i|^ 97 


m 206 


si7. 


/Jn 61 


# 13 


ill50 


fS T3 


*i 128 


S 32 


sa 


^ 


102 


m 120 


ft 166 


»j 


« 73 


shch 


■g 220 


M 1*4 


^ 


GO 


^ 150 


M 161 


s?<e7i 


sha 


15- 169 


^ ■ 92 


^ll25 


-ft 


- m 206 


^ 206 


M 55 


i> lis 


i^ 119 


W 47 


m) 1 


fg 


:s m 216 


so 


« 04 


shah 


IS 182 


^ 132 


salt 


^ 


162 


m 153 


^ir S4 


M 201 


m 115 


shen 


sh'i 


m !'4 


m 


53 


sae 


^ 38 


sui 


shcB 
^ 169 
It 60 
^ 90 
*t 176 
!g^ 192 
§ 50 

shai 


^ 135 


P 61 


sai 


Bf 


167 


S 7 


# 207 


# 144 


# 10 


^ 110 


san 
sancj 

m 109 

^ 40 

sao 


E, Co 

± 47 
^ 34 

gg 42 

^ 114 

iH 11 

^ 140 


3ff) 203 
^ 31 

M 59 
W 156 

sick 

R 180 


soli 
155 

SC??i/ 

'S, los 

« 217 
M 1S4 
% 164 


m 201 

a 114 

IH 212 

Si 213 
ffi 148 
M 150 
^ 222 


^ 195 
S^ 134 

Ji$ 145 
'« 121 

» 167 
^ 8u 
S 59 


7f^>145 

Tff' 

Tfi" 65 
ffi 4 
^ 69 
W, 11 


K 221 

sch 
fe 170 


il 


145 


sien 


^ 223 


sfi 


shan 

\U 62 
W 25 
Pg 209 
S 30 

m 12- 

sharif/ 


shell g 


# 12 




6 
75 
65 

ISO 


% 18 


s^l 
^ 135 

11/ 


i? 67 
i5C 33 

^^ 5-216 

mi 


# 80 

# 102 
Pt 211 

i^ 2S 


M 62 

m 101 

ft 103 

*0 52 


® 133 


m 


31 


W- 224 


^ 110 


M 156 


^ 140 


B$ 103 


m 40 


m 


100 


SMI 


fF 182 


» 214 


g 1G3 


f^ 69 


5e??r/' 


^ 


165 


^II^ 73 


® 99 


m 158 


± 2 


iHl on 


|# 183 


^ 134 


m 


40 


^ 103 


m 1:4 




1^ 61 


ms 


# 2s 


fft 131 


m 


132 


<S 13 


iJC 148 


^ 77 


I^Ir] 103 


m 1C4 


@ 41 


^^ 142 


m 


04 


fl 1'.'" 


W 1-5 


siieh 


if 39 


H 159 


^ 1S4 


^- 135 


siany 


Sivrj 


sith 


^ 214 


H 16 


sheo 

1 


^ 183 


si 


M 


141 


>fe 76 


iS- 13 


flj 25 


g 179 


'n84 


^ 41 


ffi IS' 


^< 


ISS 


^{4 52 


1^ 57 


! seic-w 


M 101 


;*) 


sAi/^ 


^ 11! 


M 


^fi 


M 103 


M ion 


5§ 202 


shao 


^ 55 


-J- 20 


M lij 


% 


17 


, H 2<>4 


® ly-' 


a 57 


A^ 61 


U 32 


^ 144 



237 



skoh 



INDEX. 



to 



^ 49 
M 218 

'«'}- 

f* ITT 
» 50 
H^ 41 

sholi 

19: 184 



shua 
M 1G3 

shucti 
M 135 
&& 65 
^ 132 

}f 93 

sJmaii 
J4 89 

sliuang 
# 213 



M 



slbu 
170 

^ 112 

190 



:} 



shulh 
ig 107 
JlE 198 
#X 177:^ 

I^ 127 t|: 



38 
155 

210 

W 204 
sJmi 

ic 110 

IS 147 
^ 142 
ii 184 

ta 
-k 48 

tr 84 

t'o, 

la 8 

tall 
^ 151 

S 200 



02 
192 



93 
1^ 179 



t'ah 
^ 40 
M 40 
^ 111 
^ 194 






« 



9 
114 



70 

00 

178 

190 



m S3 

t\d 

-k 49 

^ 34 

fl& 160 

H 80 

fi 109 



1^. 



90 



<a7i 






4 

lij 

121 

170 

195 

40 

95 

107 



* 44 

Jfi 44 

^ 125 

U 90 

^ 189 

5S 70 



m 






0. 



■113 

185 

47 

125 

138 



m 



\ 140 

i'ao 

38 

198 

181 

50 

172 

123 

5 124 

ieh 



\i\ 



73 



■S. 199 

gg 217 

ti 

& 116 
Mb 43 

10 

08 
70 
88 
05 
151 






y 



13 



«'e/i 



tang 
^ 130 
}f 95 

«ll74 

S 226 

Vang 

\n 14 

^ 45 
IS 195 

7} 

y 

©] 25 

-^J 14 

ft 63 

^ 140 

S 200 

S 60 



}. 



# 130 

teng 

m 151 

S 139 
S 23 

my 

feng 
^ 137 
E 221 
M 1-^3 

^ 100 
H 188 
tt 80 



!} 



201 



!}'^ 



feo 



t'i 
P^ 39 
W 105 
^ 92 
^ 174 
H 217 
^ 222 

till 

m 131 

fl^ 139 
® 151 
?S 123 

® 99 

t'ih 
^ 194 

tlao 
m 12 
:^ 90 
$il 205 



M> 71 

Ciao 

^l 88 

# 109 
1^ 194 

# 129 

tieh 

^ 193 

# 137 

t'ieh 

te 05 
^A 190 

fit) 

M>208 

tien, 

A 21 

j^f 68 

Jfi 133 

^ 50 

P5 115 

% 214 

^ 46 

^>-226 

M 218 
S 138 



t 


leri 


^ 


48 


ea 


135 


IS 


77 


m 


121 


m 


134 


m 


46 



my 



ting 



19 



T 


2 


BT 


34 


^ 


56 


^ 


205 


« 


216 


f4 


226 


fing 


m 


89 


^ 


15 


te 


170 



104 



^ 


48 


^ 


107 


M 


170 


■r« 


79 


a 


46 


i«i 





95 



238 



€o 



INDEX. 



t&'ui 



'^ m i2\ m 217 

m 221 ^ iyi| t^ueu 
m 221 I ,, 



Te 



94* jgy iis'ao fs'eo 



o-j 



toll 



Hb 43 ^ oO 



tioi 



W 02 pi 35 

^ 50 :^ 72 :8; 19 

<Wt ^ lOU ^ 45 

3S 100 Ul 31) i§^ 211 

it ISl , '^ 40 ^ §i 00 

^o?i</ i U 43 I «'wi 
^ 21 : tnh jB. 108 

:^ lo:'^ 110 'li 91 

^;H 110 /If 142 Jl 167 

gfj 27 S 132 I tsah 

>\i 82 :^ 152^ 144 
t'ong 

m 

M 100 ip 130 j f,w, 

tS ii'» If is:'^ 06 

^ 151 ^ 188' 

^^ 150 ^?<«?i 

a 138 |g 115/^ oi 

^, 150 ^1 143 5^1 

iPl 206 I S 150|j^|'^'' 

il) 80,IIJ 158 1 ^ 38 

I 43 



^ Oljlf HI 

?S 131 

SS 172 

H 150 



I 175 



is ail 



(si 



;} 



122 

190 



tseh 



^ 56 



m 06 

JS 124 

^ 149 ! ,,,-^ 

R 180 I ^ 50 
is: ' M 100 g 227 

' 1^ 04 ,,^/, 

# -'^ iu 31 



^ 



i 32 



lit 114 

^ 112 1 

in 1"' 
HI ^>.>, 

^ 137 1 



IpJ 18: 



tsie 

-ft 1.-. 

^ 174 

ts'ie 
R 4 

tiieh 
ts'ich 



ts'ah 

m 21 



i^ 137 
^ 213 



34 ;ifj ji^j^ 



13 



<6Y« 



^sJ^ -IS)"' 

if) 1 -.« iSJi'--'^ 



J* 



tsang 



lit !05 

Ml 



0/ 

105 

^'<'^'i ts'ai 

WIl 142 I 7h 84 
^ 203 !M 206, t>t 107 






ts ang 

■M 14 

« 174 

|l^ 175 

^' 102 

>S 100 

jI 201 



o 

tse'iig 

128 

01 

143 

47 

102 1W 81 

ts'eng 

^ lo5 

M 62 



m 54 

^ 1:3 

» 148 

m 153 

-t 2 

IS 83 

?0 123 

^ 54 

^5eo f? 

^ 102 ^ 54 

^ 50 1 @ 168 

m 158 I ^ 52 

M 222 ^ 155 



04 



101;^ll40 

107 



tsieti 



tsiang 



^ fit 

29 I Jl 26 

00 ^^ 



K 123 

ts'iavjj 






J 23 

17 

104 

101 

^"^ ^ 152 
M 1"4 



03 
HI 



47 



30 



zo 



tsiao \^ 121 

M 126 I ^ 2!)7 

f^l .Ja 202 

M\) \m 153 



tsiao 



184 



019 



239 



ts hi 



INDEX. 



?/?7i 



•g 120 

|}l« 

m 18 

M 128 

ft 13 

ft r;o 

isinr/ 

^ 
J* 

e^H 104 

8ft 142 

^ 154 

® 215 



#1 



j1* 



rR 



215 

78 

121 

104 

185 

tsioJi 

M 120 

i 41 

ts^ioh 
fl 212 

@ 2U4 

di: Gi 



42 
ft 147 

:4 64 

^ 43 

|g 08 

«t 15 

fs'o 

^ 207 

tsoh 
# 10 
H^ 103 

tsong 
^ 56 

11 112 
ffi 150 



ffl 147 

la 182 

gi 213 



^. 


'It 


m 


24 


m] 
mi 


-153 


m 


111 


^ 


204 


^ 


2U6 


tsuh 


« 


193 


^ 


30 


m 


101 


ts'uan 


M 


97 


tSil 


en 


m 


60 


m 


202 



H 

li 



194 



m 

tsong 

# 72 

® 164 

Ei 210 

m 27 

jjffl 145 



/s in 
fff 17 
JP: 162 

tsii 

M 164 

:5c 32 

tsii eh 

J 16 156 

^ 20 

^ 118 

jIg 138 

tsilin 
# 14 

^ 6 
■^ 30 

^ 117 
IS. 9 

M C4 

tL 107 
f# 12 

^ 27 
ff 78 

H 184 

itt 125 

^ 126 

204 'iE 184 

41 'S 170 



?<^ 



21^- 

m 

tshicn 

^ 50 

# 54 

# 107 

tsui 

Ml 105 

IP 160 



n 






130 

62 

134 

88 i*^ 



nca 

^^ 48 

^ 56 






^0 






92 



It 



1 ® 

[140 S 



Ji^ 103 

^ 53 

II 173 

IPl 217 

^ 70 

m 125 



71 

102 
160 
108 
106 
157 



107 
31 
10 
61 

37 

136 

53 

78 
128 

43 
200 

73 
173 

17 

80 
184 
174 



W. 155 

R9 39 

i§t 122 

W 200 

?£ 138 



} 



13^ 



^ 56 

^ 162 

101 



il 



185 

188 



ii.eh 

^ 105 
ta 77 
^ 103 






*l214 

#, 224 

® 58 



lir 



IS 



5-219 



uang 

S 51 X l*^*^-' 
^ 74 ^ 176 



73 

40 

200 

79 

200 

160 



m. 80 

^ 170 
184 

210 



no 



7t 


18 


^ 


211 


s 


44 


^. 


76 


% 


31 


% 


58 


n 


122 


m 


122 


m 


43 


m 


201 


m 


157 


m 


218 


ilin 


S" 


f) 


^ 


28 


it 


18 


^ 


54 


S 


171 


S 


214 


m 


201 


m 


124 



240 



INDEX OF NAMES AND PLACES. 



Aaron 


55 f^ 


Abaddon 


S5E® 


Alba, 


N^ 


Abel 


SiTfi 


Abiathar 


^j^^m 


Abihud 


SSibtl 


Abraham 


S5fflii^ 


Achaiah 


saniffi 


Achaicus 


SSS5* 


Achim 


55^ 


Adam 


S5^ 


Addi 


}S.m 


Adramytiium 


^:k^im 


Adria 


S5ESS 


Agabus 


^mti 


Agar 


K ^ 


Agrijipa 


S5;SlI'I^ 


Alexander 


iS ::^; lU ::^c 


Alexandria,— ans 


^iJ\hi^ 


Alpha 


mitm 


Alpheus 


m:^ 


Anion 


ffiPl 


Amos; Amoz 


■skm± 


Amphipolia 


QtiiG^m 


Amplias 


m iti m 


Ananias 


iS^MiS 


Andrew 


^ n n 


Andronicus 


s^ M-s 


Anna 


^m 


Annas 


^m 


Anti-chriat 


m m m a^ 


Antioch 


^^M 


Antipan 


^mm 


Antipatris 


siSipais 


Appelles 


S5 ib ?ij 


Apollonia 


ssij^MJs: 


ApolloH 


ssii^ia 


Apollyon 


iSJAf^ 


Appii-fonim 


•S ib .1^ Tfj 


Aquila 


ffiSa 


Arabia 


•EliTfl 


Aram 


3SS5 



Archelaus 

Archipjnis 

Areopagite 

Areopagus 

Aretas 

Arimathea 

Aristarchvs 

AristobulUs 

Ar7nageddon 

Arphaxad 

Arteiitas 

Asa 

Asher 

Asia 

Asyncritus 

Athens 

Athalia 

Augustus 

Baal 

Babylon 

Balaam 

Balak 

Barabbas 

Barachias 

Barak 

Bar-Jesus 

Bar-Jona 

Barnabas 

Barsabas 

Bartholomew 

Bwrlimeus 

Beelzebub 

Belial 

Benjamin 

Berta 

Bernice 

Bethabara 

Bethany 

Bethcsda 

Bethlehem 

Bethphage 



S5S^ 


SS^^ 


S5 B& E * i5?l tr 


Si^El^ 


^mm 


35 ;f-ij ,1 * 


S5 ^^ij m -fi 


35 ^-ij ^ '^ 


35 M m @ 


^mm 


35lg.S 


35 Hi 


35 5$ 


35^35 


S5^S± 


m^ 


35 :k m 


35^±^ 


E^ 


Elba 


EiS 


E:^ 


ESB 


EUM 


E¥A 


Eun^ 


E m l;^ ^ 


E^B 


EI^B - 


E^MM 


El&a 


^ij M h 


^??ij 


®S1^ 


fl^niSS 


■^m& 


i^->:^m 


■s±m 


m±± 


^ ^^'J M 


>fQ^K 



2 a 



INDEX OF NAMES AND PLACES. 



Beihsaida 


^15^ -A 


Diana i.e. (Arteiui.-'^ 


iSl&;^c 


Bilhynia 


mi^m 


Didymus 


1S±J^ 


Blast us 


iiin±U 


Dionysius 


mr^m 


Boanerges 


4^Mai; 


Diotrephes 


m^^m 


Boaz 


iik± 


Dorcas 


^ tn 






Drusilla 


±^E: 


Caiaphas 


n^m 






Cain 


mm 
mm 
earn 

m'S FJ: 






Caiiian 


Egypt 


^Ik .. 


Calvary 
Cana 


Elum 
Eleazer 




Canaan 


Eli 


nm 


Candace 

Capernaum 

Cappadocia 

Carpus 

Cantor and Folhix- 


Elialdm 
Eliezer 

Elijah; Elias 
Elisabeth 
Elisha ; Eliseus 


n m IS ^ 

u m 55 
u m fp fQ 
m ^-ij t3> 


SonsoJ'Jupiteri.c 


Eliud 


^m 


Cedron 


m^ 


Elmodam 


^m-^ 


Cenchrea 


m^m 


Elymas 


u& ^ 


Cephas^ 


^m 


Emmanuel 


£i M ^ m 


Ccesar 


nm 


Emmaus 


iU Fj i2 tt/f 


Ccesarea 


n m m is 


Emmor 


^m 


CJialdea 


mmm 


Eneas 


n^m 


Charran, 


^m 


Enoch 


jitis 


Chios 


^m 


Enon 


T.m 


Chloe 


^^ 


Ems 


. J£l S!i ± 


Chorazin 


^^i% 


Epaphras 


^E^ 


Christ 


&m 


Epaphroditus 


iU EI15JS 


Chuza 


s© 


Epeneius 


i^^JT^i: 


Cilicia 


m m ^ 


Ephesus 


^ t. m 


Cleopai 


^m^ 


Ephphatha 


nm-M 


Colosse 


^M © 


Ephraim 


&.mm 


Corinth 


^n^ 


Epicureans 


ju &' -^ m 


Cornelius^ 


Sf J^iifc 


Er 


u 


Crescen& 


:^m± 


Erastus 


jufisp 


Crete 


:^mm 


Esau 


am 


Crispus 


^E± 


Esli 


a±M. 


Cyprus 


KibffS 


Esrom 


a±^i 


Cyrene 


■s m ^ 


Ethiopia 


mnmia 


Cyrenius 


-SSJa 


Euhidus 


Myfum 






Eve 


MUM 


Dahnatia 


m^i:: 


Eunice 


:&.r^m 


Daviaris 


:k^M. 


Euodias 


tLum^ 


Damascus 


i^B& 


Euphrates 


i^m 


Daniel 


ffl iUS 


EutychiLS 


mw-^ 


David 


-X^ 






Lecapolis 


i&t^^ik m 


Felix 


m-nm 


Demcis 


B!^ 


Festus 


t^mm 


Deinetrius 


ia^vS 


Fortunatus 


11 ^ ^ su 



242 



INDF.X OF XA:'.rES AND PLACES, 



GcMnfha 


M C A- 


./rerc^Z 


mm 


Gabriel 


MSH 


Jason 


Mm 


Gad 


mn 


Jejjhthah 


M 5)n -X 


Gadarenes 


1ia±li 


Jeremiah 


M ^ ^ 


Gaius 


tKm 


Jericho 


HT) |ij ff 


Galatia 


%U± 


JeruHulem 


MRi^mi^ 


Galilee 


M m m 


Jesse 


BM 


Gallio 


mm 


Jesus 


mm 


Gamaliel 


J5B m n 


Jew 


®;k K 


Gaza 


mm 


Jezebel 


M ?;fc j]ij 


Oennenaret 


^ js m m 


Joanna 


m^-^ 


Gerr/esenes 


^^fp 


Job 


^^JH 


Gethsemane 


^MJIJH 


J. el 


«^If 


Gideon 


KH 


John 


mti^ 


Gor, 


^ 


Jonah ; Jonas 


^^m 


Golijofha 


^^m 


Joppa 


^f^m 


Gomorrah 


mm& 


Jorum ; Jehoram 


1^53 


Greda 


^ m m 


Jordan 


mUM 


Greece 


^m 


Jorim 


*^^ 






Jose 


^■]m 


Heher 


S!fl 


Joseph 


ir-] s 


Hthrexo 


^W^ 


Jiises 


^^^ 


IJdi 


5?^ m 


Josiah 


1^1^35 


Jlermas 


m.!S 


Jocham 


mu 


Hermes 


m* 


Judnh 


mi^ 


Jlermofjenes 


mif am 


Judas 


m± 


Herod 


^f? 


Judas Iscariot 


&.i^tn^m~Jz 


Herodians 


^ f* - iilU^ A 


Judea 


m±m 


Herodias 


^mm 


Jupiter i e. (Zeus) 


mu 


Herodion 


^M^ 


Justus 


m±m 


Hezel-iah ; Ezehias 


mmm 






Hymeneus 


nlF^7> 


Risk 


m± 


Jfonivm 


^W± 


Korah 


^m 


Idiimea 


}^±n 






Illyricum 


n m "M ^ 


Lnmech 


n^ 


I^aac 


£iii 


Tjnodicea 


^mu 


Isaiah; Eiaias 


J^»55 


Lazarus 


etuff^ 


I>trael 


j^^^'i 


Lebeus 


Wif3^ 


Issachar 


);^imm 


Legion 


?^ 


Italy— ian 


iU :A: ;f.i) 


Levi 


M ^ 


It urea 


£Jl ± m 35 


Levite 


m ^ A 






Jjihertines 


m Ti i>& €. fi<] A 


Jacob 


S^ 


Libya 


S i!S ffi 


Jairint 


EH© 


Lois 


^n 


Jamhres 


f^lTE 


Lot 


M'fl? 


James 


iJS^ 


Lucius 


K17}^ 


Javna 


?fl^ 


Luke—cas 


^M 


J amies 


m)^ 


Lycaonia 


a.s;;s 



243 



I^JtDEX OF NAMES AND PLACES. 



Lydda 

Lydia 

Lysanias 

Lysias 

Lystra 

Maath 

Macedon — ia 

Hag data 

Magog 

Malchus 

Mammon 

Manaen 

Manasseh 

Mark 

Mars' Eilli.e.{ Areopagus) 

Martha 

Mary 

Mary Magdalene 

Mattathias 

Mattheiv 

Matthias 

Melchi 

Melehisedec 

Mercurius i. e. (^Rermes) 

Mesopotamia 

Messiah 

Methuselah 

Michael 

Jliletum ; Miletus 

Mnason 

Moloch 

Moses 

Myria 

Mysia 

Naamnn 

Naashon; Nashon 

Nagge 

Nain 

Kaphtali 

yathan 

Nathanael 

Naum 

Nazarene 

Nazareth 

Neapolis 

Nereus 

Nicanov 



^^ 
it, P! 

.1 pX 

.1 ^-ij 3S 

^. m u 
^^ 

%^ 

f4^ ^'C f J] 

mm 

mmmA 
mmwi 

K m 35 



Nicodemus 

Nicolaitans 

Nicapolis 

Niger 

Nineveh 

Ninevites 

Noah; Noe 

Nymphas 

Ohed 
Olympias 
Omega 
Onesimus 

Onesipllorus 
Ozias 

Paviphylia 

Pathos 

Parmenas 

Parfhians 

Patra 

Patmos 

Paul ; Paulus 

Perga 

Pergamos 

Persis 

Pete^- 

Phalcg 

Pharoah 

Pharez 

Pharisees 

Phele 

Phenice 

Philadelphia 

Philetus 

Philip 

Philippi 

Philologus 

Phlegon 

Phryyia 

Phygellus 

Pilate 

Pisidia 

Pontius 

Pontus 

Porcius 

Priscilla 

PuhliuH 

Piulcns 



71^ }&{$ 


M sf M - lU^ A 


Jil-sf ^i: 


Ml^ 


mmm 


M JS fl 6^ A 


15 35 


^m 


nm 


N^B 


mmm 


mr^n^ 


NM^tft 


.%ffi35 


^^^^■iJ35 


m^ 


E^^ 


iiifl^35 A 


m -x m 


Wl)W 


^m 


^iHJn 


^ij L'li J^ 


^E 


^# 


mm 


m^ 


m f J ± 


m m m a 


^ib - 


mfim 


winm^ 


mm'i^ 


miL 


miLih 


^mm-^ 


^Wi^ 


^]&m 


mi^m 


iss^ 


^sws 


7!^m 


:^m 


m^ 


fjSti 


^I'S-iM 



244 



INDEX OF NAi'-IES AND TLACKS. 



Puteoli 


sn s m 


Simeon 


m m 






Simon 


MPI 






Sinai 


m tj 


Quarius 


ts± 


Smyrna 


±4i|,^ 






Sodom 


Fr ^ m 


Eachel 


Ji^SK 


Solomon 


m M ri 


lia'jan 


u^ 


Sosipater 


mm^w. 


Eahah 


m^ 


Sosthenes 


m i5 ri 


Ramah ; Rama 


UM, 


Spaiii 


±3®^ 


Rebekah 


m H M 


Stachys 


±'k-^ 


Rehoboam 


mukm 


Stephen; Stephanas 


±VkR 


Remphan 


mm 


Sm^anna 


m m ^ 


Reuben 


m^ 


Syria 


^ m 35 


Rherjium 


m At, m 


Syrophenician 


m. m ^^ n m 


Rhesa 


m m 






Rhoda 


m± 






Rhodes 


mm 


Tahitha 


:klh± 


Rome— an 


ma, 


Talifhn—Cumi 


:k m A- ti M 


Rufus 


^^ 


Tamar 


-Jk^ 


Ruth 


K '|!J 


Tardus 


:kWi 






Tertius 


mm 






Tertullus 


if}i±m 


Saddiicees 


t^U^K 


Theophilus 


mm^-m 


Salathiel 


Jf^fie 


Thessalonica 


iffimmjim 


Salem 


t^-i^ 


Theridas 


mx 


Salmon 


fiJfl 


Thomas 


^ ^ 


Sulmone 


m m js 


Thyatira 


mmi^m 


Salome 


mm^c 


Tiberias 


U tb "M 35 


Sa7naria 


m^m^ 


Timotheus 


i^mx 


Samson 


mm 


Titns 


J3 J^ 


Samuel 


mnj:!^ 


Troas 


nm^ 


Sapphira 


m^m 


Tryphena 


±#^ 


Sarah 


mn 


Tryphosa 


± w m 


Sardis 


ffnA 


Tychicus 


t^ :^-i -S- 


Sarepta 


m f J :k 


Tyraomus 


u m M 


Sarnn 


MU 


Tyre 


itH 


Sarnch 


WiB 






Satan 

Saul 

Sceva 


mm 


Uriah ; Urijah 
Uzziah ; Azariah ; Oz 


^ m IS 
as^mis. 


Scythian 


^ m m 






Seleucia 


nmm 


Zacchens 


m-:M 


Semei 


mm 


Zncharia h ; Zccharia h 


t^ n m 35 


Sergius Faulus 


±7]<^m 


Zarah 


mu 


Seth 


mn 


Zebedee 


m n't ± 


Shem 


m 


Zebulun 


m^^ 


Sidon; Zidon 


mm 


Zelotes 


n 


Silas 


mu 


Zen as 


mm 


Siloah ; Slloam . 


Silos mm^ 


Zion 


^ 


Silvanus 


miz 


Zorohabel 


mwnm 



241 



LIST OF DIFFICULT CHARACTERS 



WITH THE RADICALS FROM WHICH THEY COME. 



Strokes. 


Slrol.-es. 


Sir 


.A-es. 


Strol-es. 


Strol-es. 


Strol-es. 


Strokes. 


Strokes. 


2 


u 


^ 






^ ) 


M 


n 


M {(^ 


^ 


fr 


m m 


7j J 


^; 


/> 




^ 


21$ A 






It :£ 


\M 


^ 


n n 


% Zj 


^. 


:k 


^ 


ri3 


Pl9 A 


lu 


^ *X 


\m 


P 


m B 




^ 


rfi 


^ 


^ 


Jl: A 


^ 


X 


M F'F 


\m 


;^ 


m K 


3 


¥ 


T 


M 


H 


^ A 


DiS 


m 


JSl P 


m 


7K 


M ± 


± - 


IE 


ih 


# 


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^ n 


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J2 


m 


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m. *6 


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UK n 


m 


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i^ H. 


m 


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i. y 


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n n 


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m m 


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7jC 


^' 


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^ ^ 


^ 


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^ /f^ 


m 


y 


n ^ 


:^ :f 


i¥ 





^ 


^ 


i: •? 


1: 


m 


II 7t^ 


f 


;& 


m Ik 


^ Zj 


rfj 


m 


^ 


± 


M H 


H 


^ 


^^ ^ 


^ 


p 


10 


C -^ 


¥ 


ra 


5U: 


± 


i^- + 


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ttj 


i^ m 













n 


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m. ± 


t 


p 


m ^ 


:^ - 


flU 


n 


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m 9 


m 


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fi ^ 


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^IJ 


^ 


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m ^ 


^ 


S 


u ^ 


m 


± 


tf n 


P3 A 


^ 


ffi 


^ 


A 


M tK 


m 


m 


m fj 


m 


:^ 




2V A 


2 




^ 


JL 


41 tl- 


m 


i^ 


m 7E 


m 


^ 


17 


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n 


/K 


m u 


m 


s 


n n 


m 


r 




^ + 


6 


8 


# ^ 


^ 


B 


m ft 


m 


7£ 


ft B 


a a 


% 


A 


1? 


1 


It + 


m 


® 


m ^ 


M 


P 


tt B 


I a? 


^ 


A 


i5 


^ 


H p 


% 


fl 


^ ^ 


m 


± 


m ^ 


'2^ X 


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n 


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^51 # 


n 


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m a 


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^ 


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m 'k 


p 


M it 


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18 


^ - ^ 


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m 





m :£ 


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li 


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Mi >6! 


-I 




19 


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^ 


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n 


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s 


^ 


^ M^l 


J 


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a - ?i 


n 


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n 


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m 


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m m 


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240 



THE RADICALS. 



STROKES 1 — 3. 



1 — 

1 


1 /A 

2 /•«,./( 


Olio. 

a dowii stroke. 


PI 


- :,'« 


tsick 


a joint ; a signet. 


J 


3 ^''" I 

tien J 

5 ih 


a |ioiiit. 

a stroke to the kift. 
one ; hook. 


r 


2 ( 

28 
29 


han 

si 

iti 


a clitT. 
seliish. 
the light hand; also. 


J 


G /'t^^? 


a barb. 


3p 


30 


tea 


a montli. 


2- 


7 ri 


two. 


p 


31 


huci 


an iuclosure. 


J- 


8 !;'(?o 


above. 


± 


32 


VlL 


earth. 


A) 
AS 


' 9 rc?i 


a mau. 


± 


33 Si 

34 chi 


a scholar, 
to follow. 


JL 


10 ren 


a mail. 


% 


35 


8 id 


moving slowly. 


A 


11 ;7;/i 


to enter. 


^ 


30 


sih 


evening. 


A 


12 JKlh 


eight. 


■h 


37 


ta 


great. 


n 


13 tiong 


a limit. 


-M 


38 


nil 


a woman. 


*-» 


14 w//^ 


to cover. 


^ 


39 


tsi 


a son. 


J 


15 7^/^?^ 


kkle. 


)-^ 


40 


mien 


a roof. 


A 


16 /7 


a bench. 


+ 


41 


ts'uen 


an inch. 


U 


17 Wan 


a receptacle. 


vj> 


42 


siao 


small. 


7?) 


^18 ^rto 


a knife ; a sword. 


^1 

%s 


^43 


uang 


lame. 


;^ 


19 ///i 


strength. 


44 sJd 


a corpse. 


O 


20 pao 


to wrap. 


^ 


45 ch'eh 


a sprout. 


b 


21 7^j 


a spoon ; a ladle. 


lij 


46 shan 


a mountain. 


c 


22 fang 


a box. 


«1 








r 


23 /^5i 


to conceal. 


Jll 


>47 


ch'iian 


streams. 


+ 


24 5A;A 


ten. 


«<j 








b 


25 puh 


to divine. 


X 


48 


hong 


a labourer ; skill. 



247 







STROKES 


3—5. 






a 


49 /d 


self. 


* 


75 7)ii(h 


wood. 


(ti 


50 /■/» 


a napkin ; a cap. 


iK 


70 ^-7'<??i 


to owe. 


ir 


51 lean 


a shield ; to oppose. 


ih 


77 clii 


to stop. 


r 


62 wo 
53 ?'<!« 


immature. 
a covering. 




-78 to? 


vicious. 


I. 


54 in 


to move on. 


^ 


79 s/^?f 


to kill. 


:H- 


55 /j(7»y 


hands joined. 


» 


80 u 


to deny. 


-t 


56 ik 


a dart. 


i:ll 


81 j»;z 


to compare. 


^ 


57 7c(?;jy 


a bow. 


% 


82 77iao 


hair. 


a 


-58 it 


a i)ig''s head. 


R 
H 


83 5/i"i 

84 A-'/ 


surname, 
breath. 


^ 
^ 


59 sail 
CO c/i-i/i 


plumage. 
a step. 


iJS 


'85 shid 


water. 


"tj 


>01 si}i 


the heart. 


^1 


-SO Ao 


fire. 


>]>.j 






'87 chao 


claws. 




62 ^() 
G3 /iu 


a spear. 

a door ; a window. 


5t 


88 > 
89' /i5/ao 


f-ither. 
crosswise. 


-04 sA^-o 


a hand. 


^ 


90 ch'uang 


a couch. 


65 c/i'i 


a branch. 




91 7;>'/t??i 

92 ia 


a splinter ; a slice. 
a tooth. 


>-66 jnih 


to strike. 


^1 

n 


^93 ?zm 


an ox ;. cattle. 


^ 


67 ?<e?i 


literature ; elegant. 






^ 


68 ^6'o 


a bushel. 




^94 /;'ucu 


a dog. 


/r 


69 hin 


{in axe ; a weight of 1 J lbs. 






5EJ 


70 y«?;^ 
-71 u 


square, 
without. 


5^ 

311 


95 hsilen 
.90 2i 


sombre, 
a gem. 


H 


72 ?-U 


the sun ; a diij. 












73 u,3A 


to speak. 


;!^ 


97 hua 


melon ; cucumber. 


J! 


74 iZj/i 


the moon; a month. 


3t 


98 wf6 


a tile ; brick. 



248 



STROKES 5- 



o 



-B- 


99 A-rt?i 


sweet. 


m 


24 


it 


feathers. 


* 


\m sou/ 


to produce ; life. 


^ 


125 


lao 


<dd ; venerable. 


m 


liJl /o»// 


to use. 


m 


126 


7-'i 


and. 


G9 


102 t'icn 


a ftekl. 


* 


127 


lid 


a plough. 


7£. 


103 ;>'//< 


a roll of clotli. 


^ 


28 


r'i 


the ear. 


r 


104 ?2/A 


disease. 


* 


L29 


iah 


a pencil. 


e 1 


105 po/t 
LOG y;^A 


back to back, 
white ; in vain. 


mi 


130 


rvJi 


flesh. 


&. 1 


LO: p'i 


skiu ; bark. 


e 1 


31 


ch'en 


a statesman. 


M 1 


OS ww'/'^r^ 


a dish. 


a 


32 


fsi 


from ; sell'. 




09 we/</^ 


tlie eye. 




133 
134 




to arrive, 
a mortar. 


^ 1 


110 7?ieo 


a lauce. 


w 


135 


shell 


the tongue. 


^ 1 


[11 6-/^i- 


a dart. 


^ 


130 


ch'iian 


opposing. 


s 1 


12 shi/i 


a stoue. 


# 


137 


cheo 


a l)oat. 


^") 






R 


138 


hen 


perverse; obstinate. 


% 1 


13 sAi 


to reveal. 


a 


139 


sell 


colour ; vice. 




114 reo 


a footprint. 


3i'n 
if) 


140 


ts'ao 


grass ; herbs. 


5^ I 


115 /^o 
IG //.y2Zf:A 


grain, 
a cave. 




141 
142 


Jul 
cJi'ong 


a tiger, 
an insect. 


i: 1 


17 ///. 


to set up. 


6&. 


143 /(sue/i 


blood. 


^1 


LIS c/^«A 
L19 ?««• 
L20 si 


bamboo. 

rice. 

silk. 




144 
145 
14G 


hsing 

i 

si 


to do ; to walk. 
clothes. • 
west. 






IM. I 


47 


hien 


to see ; to perceive. 




21 ./CO 


pottery. 


:^ 


L48 


kioh\ 
koh j 


a horn ; a corner. 


nn I 


22 uaiif/ 


a net. 


w 


149 


ien 


words ; to speak. 


%) 






^ 


150 


huh 


a valley. 


# 1 


L23 /r//^.^ 


a slieep ; a goat. 


M 


151 


teo 


beans. 



249 



STROKES 8 13. 



^ 


152 s/ii 


a pig. 


* 


178 2fei 


leather. 


t 


153 chai 


reptiles. 


m 


179 ^/^^ 


leeks. 


M 


154 pel 


precious ; wealth. 


# 


180 m 


a sound. 


^ 


155 c/i'i/t 


naked; flesh-coloured. 


M 


181 ?>/^, 


leaf of a book. 


^ 


15G fseo 


to walk. 


m 


182 >?^ 


wind. 


J£ 


157 i'^-i?/*! 


the foot ; enough. 


M 


183 >«■ 


to fly. 


* 


158 s7/^« 


the body. 


^ 


184 sJiik 


to eat. 


m 


159 c/rd^ 


a cart ; a barrow. 


m 


185 67/^0 


tlie head. 


^ 


100 .s?«. 


l)itter. 


# 


180 //s/f^7?^ incense ; fragrant. 


m 


IGl ch'cn 


time. 








€1 
1.J 


^162 r-/^()/« 


walking. 




187 7}U(, 

188 ku/, 


a horse. 
a bone. 




-163 ?A 


a city. 


m 


189 7.r^o 

190 ;;mo 


high, 
the hair. 


m 


lU hi 


new wine. 


R 


191 feo 


to rpiarrel. 


m 


105 J>;?V?^ 


to separate. 


^ 


192 <:-//'a?/_^ fragrant herbs. 


s 


100 U 


a Chinese mile. 


^ 


193 lih 


a vase. 



S ^ 107 lin gold; metal. 

^ J- 1 08 c/c'cmg long. 

f ^ 1 09 inert a door. 

> 170 feo a mound. 

^ 171 tai to reach to. 

'^ 172 c/tin short-tailed birds. 

PU 173 u rain. 

^ 174 (^6-'/?;// green. 

^ 175 yh" wrong ; not. 

^^ 170 ??i?'c?z the face. 

3£ 177 ko/t raw hide. 



_^ 1 94 kifei a spirit. 



"« 


195 il 


fish. 


»^ 


190 j??Vro 


a l)ird. 


la 


197 /^^ 


salt land. 


JM 


198 hfh 


a deer. 


w 


199 w?^/^ 


wheat. 


m 


200 ma 


hemp. 


12m 


201 //?;r;??^ 


yellow. 


W: 


202 s/^?« 


millet. 


B 


203 heh 


black. 


i 


204 c//i 


embroidery 



13 



205 min a frog. 



250 



STROKKS 14 — 17. 



m 


2<)0 tir/ff 


a tripod. 


15-® 


211 ch'i 


front teeth. 


m. 


207 ku 


u drum. 








m 


2Ub s/tu 


a rat. 


lefi 


212 to/ 


a drao-oLi, 








ffi 


213 ^^^(^^ 


a tortoise. 


14 M 


2uy pi 


the uose. 








®- 


2lu ^6-'/ 


even ; e(inaL 


17^ 


214 ?o/^ 


a flute. 



251 



BRIEF NOTES ON SOME COMMON CHARACTERS AND IDIOMS, 



JV.B. — The cktraefers are arrcmged in alphabetical order. 



■>-=^ a. Is used to introduce a 
1X=% subject, either calling spe- 

cial attention to it, or denoting emphasis : 
Matt. vi. 30 ; viii. 26 ; Lk. sviii. 13. 

In some combinations it indicates con- 
tempt ; when so used in direct address it is 
commonly preceded by a pronoun: Acts 
vi. 14 ; xix. 26. 

h. In many connections it simply= 
•• the." This is specially the case when 
it follows an adjectival clause qualifying 
a noun : Acts xvii. 3, 19. 

c. (^ ^) following an enumeration of 
events, or a statement of several things= 
"all the foregoing ; the above-mentioned" : 
Acts XX. 19. 

d- iM I3§) or (US 1$) follows a proper 
noun or pronoun without (5^) and=" the 
statements or sayings of the one in ques- 
tion : " Jhn. ii. 21 ; Acts xvii. 18. 

e. (it m m ^)=" looked at in this 
light ; regarded from this point of view : " 
Matt. xix. 6. 

/• (xl Wi WL 2jO comes at the conclusion 
of an argument, or statement of a case, 
and is the equivalent of " the matter 
standing thus ; since this is the case ; it 
being so ; " etc. : Acts ii. 36 ; Rom iii. 1 ; 
V. 18. 

t~| a. (J^ 0) occurs after a state- 

^> ment of the difficulties of 

a certain position or course of action, and 

indicates, ''the ,best and only thing to 

:" Mk. i. 45. 

I). (5^ ^f^) is used in a similar manner, 
and=" the only alternative ; shut up to 
one lino of things " : Lk. xviii. 5 ; Acts 
xxi. 14, 35. 

c- (J>, ^) is used in direct address as 
the equivalent of " the only thing that 



need concern you ; the only thing to be 
thought of without any protest or argu- 
ment: " Matt. i. 20 ; Acts ix. 15. 

•^^ This is generally used with 
TO (^).or (jn) followed by {^). 

The whole expression='' spoken witli re- 
ference to ; concerning ; " or, " in allusion 
to : " Jhn. i. 23 : Rom. ix. 12, 27. 

^^ The meaning of this character, 

,~T% "to arrive at, to come to", 

is preserved in the constantly recurring 

phrase (^ J5^). This is used in two 

senses : — 

a. As an introductory particle, bringing 
forward either a new thought, or a starting 
point in an argument; "now, to come to 
:" 1. Cor. iv. 3; xiv. 29. 

h. To shew the result of certain courses 
of actiou=" to reach such and such a 
position ; to come to such and such a pass." 
Used in this sense it is most common- 
ly preceded by the characters (,^ ^): 
1. Cor. xi. 31 : 2. Cor. iv. 9 ; v. 3. 

•^^ Followed by (-S) or {^) does 
P^ not need to be translated. 

The expressions (^ fi) and (ff ^) are 
only used as polite expressions to indicate 
respect in direct address, as the equivalent 
of "Sirs, Grentlemen ; etc." The same is 
true of the phrase (?ij fi) : Acts. ii. 37 ; 
vii. 2 ; xiv. 15 ; xxii. 1. 



)^^ 



'A completed view "= 
a mind already made 
up ; a standard already set up ; a course 
of action decided on beforehand: 1. Tim. 
V. 21. 

n^ Care should be taken in the 

HO use of (p^' |g) and y^fl): 

the former is used when speaking of men 



252 



BEIEF NOTES ON SOME COMMON CHARACTERS AND IDIOMS. 



or cats feeding; the latter of pigs, dogs, 
etc. : Matt. viii. 30 ; Lk. xi. 38. 

1^^ Tiiis character meaning " to 

|t^ remove," is used with (^ 

::^;=" witli the exception of ; besides 

there is no " At times (Jt^ ^[^) or 

(i ^h) is used as a complement of (f|^ "J*) 
without affecting the seuse : Matt. xi. 27; 
xiii. 57; 2. Cor.' ii. 2. 

i^[^ ^^P^ ^s it is a usual thing 
I^~* Jq^ for beginners to use 

the one word (^) as the equivalent of 
the English word '' to wear," and to employ 
it with equal latitude, we shall give under 
this head a list of such words as are 
applied to the wearing of different articles 
of dress. 

a. (^) is used as a general term in 
the expression (^ ^ ^g), "to dress"; 
but is applied more particularly to the 
pown, shoes and jacket : Matt, xxvii. 31 ; 
Lk. XV. 22 ; Acts xii. 8. 

^- iW^ is employed in speaking of any- 
thing worn on the head, whether literally 
or fiu;uratively ; and also of spectacles 
[Wk M)' ^i'^tt. xxvii. 29; Rev. xix. 12. 

c. (^) is applied to the girdle and 
strings of leggings (^ |f|) : Matt. iii. 4; 
Lk. xvii. 8. 

d. (|;^) is used of anything hastily 
thrown round the body in a loose and 
careless fashion : Mk. xiv. 51 ; Lk. x. 13 ; 
Jhn. xxi. 7. 

e. (^)=to cover over, as a garment 
worn over another ; such a garment being 
called a (^ ^). The character occurs 
in this sense in the exj)ression "covered 
with sackcloth and ashes:" Lk. x. 13; 
2. Cor. iii. 13. 

/. (^) meaning " to slip over," is 
used of ring, leggings or anything slipped 
on ; in which sense it is often interchang- 
ed with (^). It is also a Numerary 
Adjunct: Lk. xv. 22; xvii. 2; 2. Cur. 
V. 4. 

g. (^) to carry a small article. It 
is a[)plied to any liglit article of dress, 
such as a collar or a ring : Jam. ii. 2. 



^S^Jg;. This character is used in so 
^^ many different combinations 

that it is difficult always to decide its 
exact force; but in most cases it carries 
with it the idea of "manifestation" or 
"expression in action." Used in this sense 
it is applied very frequently to the emo- 
tions ; thus a person is said to (^ j^), 
"shew anger; " (^ }p f^), "shew com- 
passion ;" etc. : Mk. i. 41. 

"All," used in conjunction 
with (6^), from which it 
may be separated by a word or words 
=" as many as"; "all who"; "those 
who" ; " whosoever; " etc : Matt. v. 28 ; 
vii. 24 ; x. 32 ; xiii. 52; liom. ii. 7. 

The meaning "to turn over," 
is maintained in the use 
of this word as a conjunction; when it 
geuerally=i" the reverse of what one might 
have expected:" Matt. viii. 12; ix. 16; 
Mk. V. 26 ; xii. 44. 



/L 



E 



M 



To receive with both hands," 
^^1^ indicates respect : Rom. 
xiii. 7; Ileb. ix. 25. In the common ex- 
pression (^ h), "to receive the will (of 
the Emperor)," it carries with it the idea 
of power, and means " to come in his 
name and to be empowered to act with 
his authority." Hence it is used in the 
combination (^ ^) as the equivalent of 
" in the name of : '' Matt, xviii. 20 ; xxi. 
9 ; xxviii. 19 ; Jhn. x. 35. 

Joined to (fj;) it equals "to respectfully 
receive instruction;" i.e. to become a 
convert or church member : 1. Cor. ix. 1. 

Preceding verbs it implies self-deprecia- 
tion on the part of the doer, and may 
be rendered by any such conventional ex- 
pression as " I have the honour to ; " 

etc. 

In any fractional statement 
(^) may be regarded as the 
denominator ; its power being determined 
by the preceding numerator, as {zi_^ ^ 
— ), " three-tenths of unity," whicli=l 
jen of 3 fen, or \ x |=1. Thus (+ ^ ^ 
— ); K%^^ — )=To> To^tiTj- Hence 



^ 



253 



BRIEF NOTES ON SOME COMMON CHARACTERS AND IDIOMS. 



it will be seen that not only decimal 
fractions but any fractional number can be 
expressed in tbis way. 

In the simple form, as f^ ^); (^ ^); 
fen is understood=:a feiub ; ,-^o' f'o : Matt. 
xxiii. 23 ; Heb. vii. 2, 8 ; liev. vi. 8 ; 
viii. 7. 

"To submit" includes the 
idea of cordial agreement or 
acquiescence with a person or bis state- 
ments ; and full acceptance of bis direc- 
tion or control. Hence one person is 
said to (/Jg) anotber, when he places 
confidence in him ; (/f> ^||) conveys the 
opposite meaning : Jbn. vi. 61. 

>^- In addition to the ordinary 
"^^^ meaning of "to repay" 

(Mntt. xviii. 2^) ; it may be helpful to 
j><)te that (j£) has several other mean- 
ings. 

a. In addition to the main statement it 
introduces something supplementary and= 
"■further, yet, in addition :" (j§ ^ — ' ^ 
f^, " another point ; a further considera- 
tion ^''{'MM'^Wilt &5)="what more 
is there to be said on the subject?" Matt. 
xix. 20, 21 ; Mk. viii. 31 ; Kom. viii. 31 ; 
ix. 23 ; 1. Cor. vii. 12, 29. 

h. After a comparative=" much more ; 
many more : " Matt. xi. 22 ; xii, 45 ; xviii. j 
13 ; xxi. 36. | 

c. Repeated either with or without (^) j 

expresses an alternative, "cither | 

or:" Matt. xvii. 25 ; xxi. 25. 

d. In interrogative sentences it ex- 
presses either incredulity or surprise; or 
the fact that the speaker is in extremity 
and has no alternative : Lk. xvii. 9 ; Jbn. 
i.46 ; vi. 68; 1. Cor. vi. 2. 

M;;0 An hypothesis being 
y\u granted, this expres- 
sion is used to introduce and emphasize 
the logical deduction : Matt. vii. 11 ; 
Rom. xi. 24 ; 1. Cor. vi. 3 ; 2. Cor. iii. 8. 



Ml 



Frequently=sign of past 
or perfect tense, and 
may follow most active verbs : Rev. xxi. 2. 



*■ L^ a. Joined to a principal verb 
I it has an auxiliaiy force 

and need not be traii,-l tted : Mk. vi. 40 ; 
Acts xxvii. 36 ; Rom. viii. 20. 

h. Before a definite period of time= 
" next : " Acts xiii. 42. 

c. In speaking of a contract or an 
agreement="one of the two parties:" 
Epb. ii. 14, 15, 18. 

(T '^) f»"fi (T.^) ^''® ^^^^ ""^^^ ''^^ 
principal and auxiliary verbs, and may be 
separated by a word or words : Matt. x. 
14; Jbn i. 51. 

(f ^) " to lower the band," is very 
geneially applied to acts of violence, 
and=" to set. to work ; to make a be- 
ginning : " Mk. xiv. 46 ; Acts iv. 3 ; 
xviii. 10. 



a 



"^^ As most beginners find some 
difficulty with this charac- 
ter, we give several instances of its use, 
both alone and in combination. 



a. Indicates the means or instruments 
employed: Rom. xii. 17, 21; 1. Pet. iii. 9. 

h. It may often be translated by "in 
order to; to cause; so as to:" Rom. iii. 
8; Heb. v. 14. 

c Following (^) and used with (■^) 
(P4) or (;^ ^) it precedes the verb, and 
maiks the object ])roposed to be effected 
by it : Rom. xv. 31 ; 1. Cor. i. 30 ; Epb. 
ii. 18 ; Phil. iii. 11 ; Col. i. 28. 

d. Forms part of many adverbs and 
prepositions. (I) Joined to (^), (||f), 
and (^), it makes combiuations that take 
the place of (If g|), (^ ^), etc. after 
verbs ; at times {J^) is omitted without 
affecting the sense: Matt. v. 13; xvi. 
28; xxvi. 32; Mk. i. 14; xiv. 28; xvi. 
14 ; Lk. ii. 36. 

(2) These and similar expressions may 
be turned into adjectival phrases quali- 
fying a noun expressed or understood, by 
the addition of (n5); in such cases (;2t) 
is not needed : Rev. xxi 1, 4. 



254 



BRIEF NOTES ON SOME COJIMON CHARACTERS AND IDIO:\rs. 



e. Followed by C^) it makes a coin- 
biuutiou employed in reference to time; 
in such cases (|3t) usually precedes ii== 

"from until :" Matt. xxiv. 

21 ; xsv. 34 ; Rom. x\-. 23; xvi. 25 ; 
l\ev. xvi. IS. 

_/. Coupled witli ( J^)=" and ; in. 
dndiug ; reacliiug eveu to": 1. Cor. i. 
2, 28. 

ff. Used with (^) the comljiuation 
may be either separated by a word or 
words, or stand alone=" the one thing- 
thought of ; to consider ; to repird as:" 
Rom. V. 11 ; xiii. 8 ; 2. Cor. iii. 13 ; Phi- 
lip, ill. 19. 

L Preceding (3g;) it indicates the 
consequences of something previously 
referred to; the whole plirase=;" the out- 
come being; whereby was occasioned; 
the result was : " Rom. i. 24 ; xiii. 14 ; 
1. Cor. i. 7; xi. 19, 



% 



The uses of this cliaracter are 
numerous, and are best 
learnt from examples. 

a. Repeated they form a correlation, 
either uniting together two or more words 
or clauses as corresponding to each othei-, 
or implying simultaneous action. Af- 

firmatively=" both. ..., and ; " 

negatively with (;j^)=" neither 

nor :" Matt. vi. 2G, 23 ; xi. I'J. 

d. Used as a correlative of (§^) or 
any similar word denoting supposition, to 
signify that in spite of any concession 
made or demanded, the true condition 
of things is not affected, or weakened. 

Afiirmatively=" although j'ct ; " 

negatively with (^)=" although 

yet not:" Matt. xii. 7; Rom. vii. 3; 
2. Cor. xi. 16, 18. 

c. Expresses either astonishment or 
emphasis ; in which cases it often follows 
(WL) oi" {?§) : Jliu- X, 41 ; xix. 3i3 ; 
Rom. iii. 10, 11. 

d. {^ Wt ^ T)=^^ expression of 
satisfaction : Matt. x. 25. 

e. Introduces a supplementary clause, 



frequently finishing up the sentence : 
1. Cor- xi. 30 ; xvi. ; Rev. xxi. 1. 

This in many cases is the 
equivalent of (^). lt,.s 
general use is to point out something ad- 
ditional = " further ; still more;" etc. Re- 
peated it=" both" : Matt, xxiii. 17 ; Mk. 
vii. 37. 



X 



^ 



a. Tlie root meaning of this 
word is existence, as op- 
posed to (41), non-existence. .Hence it 
sometimes denotes " certainty " : Acta 
vii. 1. 

h. When it introduces a sentence it 
indicates supposition; in such cases it 
is usually followed by (,g|) e.g. : Matt. v. 
42 : (^), if there should be ; (^), beg of; 
{i^^), you; (Q^), any; "if any should beg o! 
you : " Matt. x. 42 ; xvi. 24 ; Lk. xvi. 26. 

c. Followed by a personal pronoun it 
introduces the person who undertakes all 
responsibility: Matt, xxviii. 14. 

d. Repeated between two words tbat 
go together it adds emphasis : Heb. ii. 3. 

e. Sometimes used alone, but more 
frequently joined to (6^) it introduces 
two subjects="some; others." lu the 
latter case ( (i^) may be separated from 
it: Matt. xiii. 4,8; xxi. 8; xxv. 15; 
Mk. viii. 28 ; Acts xix." 32 ; 1. Cor. xiv. 26. 

'tiff a. At the beginning of a 
"^^^ sentence introduces a con- 
dition or desire: Matt. vi. 6. 

h. Followed by ([l^)=''so that; in 
order to produce or bring about : " 1. 
Cor. ix. 10 ; 1. Jhn. ii. 1. 

Denotes that the power to 
do a certain thing lests 
with the one in question ; that he follows 
his own bent: it is sometimes followed 
by (%): 1. Cor. vi. 12, 19; x. 29; 
1. Jhn. V. i. 

a. Indicates the instrument 
with which an action is 
performed ; or b. preceded by {/{^' = " no 
need of; not required:" Mutt. iii. 11 ; 
XV. 8 ; Lk. XV. 7. 



^ 



m 



255 



BRIEF NOTES ON SOME COMMON CHARACTERS AND IDIOMS. 



pj\, iu reference to wine drink- 

ing and to watering animals : Lk. i. 15. 



^I 



The usual meaning of " to 
lead," is applied to refer- 
ences made from another source=" to 
quote ; to cite ; to adduce as proof : " Acts 
xviii. 28; xxviii. 23. 

^ ^ a Often="the whole of;" 

when it is usually followed 
by a noun : Lk. v. 12 ; Acts ii. '66. 

h. Joined to a numerary adjunct it 
follows instead of precedes the noun when 
emphasis is required; e.g. Jhn. xix. 36. 
Here instead of (f^ 6^ — :{^ f* M) the 
whole is placed tirst and the emphasis 
thrown on (— .) : " not so much as a single 
bone was broken." 

c. It follows either a noun or pronoun 
when some one person or thing is made to 
stand out prominently : Mk. xiv. 66, 70 ; 
Acts xix. 35. 

d. Followed by C^) or (jg) repeated= 
''both; on the one hand; on the other 
Land : " Lk. ii. 46. 

e. Is used to signify a constant 
and regular progression or deterioration : 
2. Tim. iii. 13. 

/. Used with (^ ^) deportmeut= 
" the whole behaviour ur course of life ; 
bearing towards others : " Rom. vi. 4 ; 
1. Jhn. ii. 6. 

g. Repeated with (fg) or any N. A.= 

"one another :" Matt. xxi. 

35; xxiv. 40, 41. 

AljL Employed in queries, and most 
J^^ commonly carries with it 

the idea of impossibility, as in (5^ "H;), 
"how can it be?" i e. it cannut be: 
Bom. X. 14, 15; 1. Cor. xiv. 9; Heb. 
xii. 7. 

"^Jth ^^ addition to its ordinary 
?|*p| meaning " to give," it= 

sign of indirect object: Matt, xxvii. 28, 

31; 1. Cor. x. 13. 



# 



In common with other N. A, 
this is repeated after a 
statement of such things as it is the N. A. 
of=" each ; every: " Jhn. xxi. 25. 

^ Used as a sign of the passive 

yQ it may be applied as well 

to disease as to other things : Mk. v. 26 • 

Jhn. iv. 52; Acts xxvii. 20; 1. Cor. v. 7.' 

P^ After a designation of time= 
j0j| "during the time referred 

to : " Acts vii. 42 ; ix. 25 ; Heb. iii. 9, 

'JlnL -^f^ These characters are 
;J|,^ v^S^ used both as a prin- 
cipal verb as well as an auxiliary ; in 
the latter case they may be separated: 
Matt, i 20 ; xx. 17; Lk. xv. 26. 

X'-4-^ "Labour;" in many 
^V instances="the out- 
come of labour ; what is achieved by the 
work in question : " 1. Cor ix. 1. 

Is applied to the action 
of a thing producing 
certain results; and so=" the effect or 
result achieved; the outcome:" Phil. 6; 
2. Pet. i. 8. 



^Jjm 



TT^ ^J^ Sometimes those are 
1-^ ■^'»»> nearly the equivalent 

of {^ ^), " iu itself ; it is true : " 2. Cor. 

xii. 1. 

-|*Q In addition to its common 
T^-^ significance of "staff" (^|^) 

has a technical use. It is employed m 
reference to the infliction of punishment 
by military officials, in contradistinction 
to (/^) used by civil officials for a like 
purpose. Sometimes ('^) precedes ifc 
when so used. It may mean either the 
instrument of punishment, or the blows or 
stripes inflicted by it : Acts. xvi. 22, 23. 

P^ Is used as an auxiliary to 
l^xj many verbs, and varies its 

meaning a good deal in consequence. We 
give several examples of its use in 
combination, and tiie student will do well 
to learn them off, as it is a common error 
to use the first character only. 



256 



BRIEF NOTES ON SOME COMMON CHARACTERS AND IDIOMS. 



a. Stand 
ISIatt. vii. ' 
xiv. 30. 



by itsell'=" to open : ' 
' to start; begin : " Lk 



a li2;1it tliinp:, 
Mutt. ii. 11; 



to lift off 
such as a cover or a tile : ' 
Lk. V. 19. 

c. 1^ §3 "to break off, or up, as 
bread, etc. : " Matt. xv. 36. 

(I- 5^ 1j^ "to separate, as people, 
etc. : " Malt. xix. 6. 

Matt. xxi. 2. 



e. ^ §3 "to uuloose:" 

/• ^ §9 "to tear, rend:" Matt. 
xxvi. 65. 

g. f^ j^ ''to make known, spread 
abroad : " Luke ii. 17. 

^'' fm ^^ ''to divide off. separate 
from : " Lie. xvi. 26 ; Gal. ii. 12. 



P^ " to bide, to get out of the 
Jhn. V. lo. 

• §^ "to opeu the eyes : " Acts 



J m 

way : " 

ix. 8. 

^' p!l M " to s])lit open, as with a 
knife : " Jbleb. iv. 12. 

^^^ lu many instances='Sas I 
•^^ look at it; in my opinion 

or judgment : " Lk. vii. 43. 

-f^ By an easy transition the 
^0^ original meaning of "to 

trust to," is changed to that of "near to ; 

close by : " Matt. iv. 15 ; xxi. L 

As a demonstrative pronoun 
^ ^ with retrospective reference 

it fm-ins part of many prepositions ; its 
translation depending on the preceding 
iioun:" Lk. iii. 24; iv. 27. 

VM. Strengthens an interrogative 
H^M statement, and usually de- 
mands an emphatic answer in the negative, 
unless followed by (^f ), when an _ affirm- 
ative answer is required : Acts. iii. 12 ; 
Eom. vi. 2, 3; viii. 12, 32; 1. Cor, ix. 8. 

Used either as a princi- 
pal verb or an au- 
xiliary : Matt. xxiv. 49. 



jt 



etc. 



^15 . 

L Cor. iv 



riiis often is a correlative of 
(III) arid=" however, but ;" 
15 ; V. 3; Ileb. xi. 4. 



In addition to the idea 
of potentiality (Ii]" ) often 



includes the idea of " tliat which is 
suitable or good : " Jhn. vi. 55 ; Phil. 
iv. 8 ; 1. Tim. i. 15. 

b. Followed by (J^) it occurs at tlie 
end of a line of argument leading up to 
a certain conclusion, and^"it is obvious ; 
it stands to reason (from the foregoing) 

that :" Rom. ix. 8; x 17 ; 

1. Cur. iii. 7 ; Heb. x 9. 

j-J-^ As an auxiliary this may be 
,^ used with almost any active 

verb : Matt. xiv. 22, 25. 

\iVt A large number of verbs are 
>/\^ prepositional ; i, e. include 

a preposition that in English stands by 
itself; this character is inserted here to 
draw attention to the fact, and as afford- 
ing a good illustration of the verbs in 
question : Matt. ii. 18. 

=sign of near fu- 
about to, at the 
Mk. v. 23. 



Ml " Quickly "=si 
jyV ture; *' aboi 

point of ; 



auxiliary : 



etc. : " 

a. After almost any active 
verb this may be used as 
Matt. ix. 9 ; XX, 25. 

b. Frequently inserted between two 
verbs and followed by (■^) to form 
phrases of four words, which are very 
common in good Chinese: Mk. ix. 20; 
Lk. xi. 24. 

In some case.«=" a course of 
action ; mode of proce- 
dure ;" Jhn. vii. 51. 

^^^ May be used in relation to 
-^^ time, when one denomina- 

tion follows another : Lk. iv. 25 ; Jam. 
V. 17. 

>rHl " Full "=" the whole of ; 
i\^ all:" Lk. viii. 23; Jhu. 
xii. 3. 



257 



BRIEF NOTES ON SOME COMMON CHARACTERS AND IDIOMS. 



^^f^ Unlike (^) this may be ap- 
~>y plied to time: Lk. ii. 41 ; 

iv. 3L When applied to either men or 
things it . usually follows an enumera- 
tion, and commonly takes a N. A. other 
ihau (f@): Jhn. ii. 6; xis. 23. 

7^:^ "To be under obliorafion ; to 

^^ be favoured with/' is used 

as a sign of the passive in cases where 

anytliing favourable is spoken of: Matt. 

vi. 7 ; xii. 31 ; xxv. 34 ; Lk. i. 13. 

its 
len 

coupled with (;f,)=a strong affirmative : 
Acts viii. lU : Phil. ii. 10, 11 : Tit. i. 15. 



^jTiu 'i^ T\\\b phrase or 'it 
■».x^ r^ equivalent (^) whe 



'Jl-J ])hrase o 

" v/hatever ; whichever 



a. Preceded by (M %^) or a 
milar import= 
Matt. X. 11. 



h. In many cases='' the : " Matt. xiii. 
37 ; xix. 20 ; xxv. 20. This is especially 
tlie case when it is found after adjectival 
clauses qualifying a noun : Luke xii. 33; 
Jhn. iii. 26 ; iv. 5; 2. Tun. iv. 13. 

r0.p "l^ ^- Employed as an 
/J I J ^^^ interrogative this ex- 
pression demands an answer in the nega- 
tives^" it is impossible:" Jhn. ix. 16. 

h. Following the name of a place (in 
which case (^;|) j^) is also used)=''that 
part or district : " Matt. xi. 2i. 

^; Like (^) and (^^C) denotes 
- ~^p *- the instrument with which 

an action is perf()rmed = " with : " Matt. 

xxvii. 24: Mk. vii. 27; Lk. xvi. 22. 



Some such interroga- 
tive particle as ( j^) 
follows this combination which=" is it 
possible or conceivable? can it be?'' 
etc. : Jhn. ix. 27 ; Rom. ii. 27. 



! this com 
e or cone 
^hn. ix. 27 



Used in address to in- 
dic'ite recipr()city = 
"nur; we; us:" Lk. xvi. 26; Ptum. i. 
12; 1. Cor. xvi. IS; Phil. 11. 

itCI a. An pm])hatic particle : 
»yb Matt. ix. 24 ; X. 15. 

I). As an iuteri'ogiitive it is only used 



* 



when the question has already beeu ex- 
pressed : Matt. vii. 16; xi. 3. 

^^ This has a large variety of 

fll^ meanings, some of which 

are indicated below. Its use in certain 

connectious can be learnt by practice only. 

a. Sign of imperative ; verbs are often 
repeated before it: Matt. xvi. 23 ; xxvii. 40. 

h. After advice or C()unsel=" I think 
you had better do so and so : " Acts v. 38 ; 
xvi. 36 ; 2. Cor. xi. 4. 

c. Mark of interrogative, frequently 
conveying; the idea of wonder or incre- 
dulity : Mutt. xxvi. 69; Mk. viii. 16. 

d. Followed by ("|')r=" an expression 
of satisfaction of assent :" Mk. xiv. 41. 

e. At tlie end of a statement=" 1 am of 
opinion ; I think : " Acts xxvi. 24. 

a. Meaning "root," has a 
secondary meaning ; i.e. 
"sometliing that is inherent in the 
thing in question; beyond all duubt : " 
Matt. xi. 26 ; Mk. iv. 28 ; Rom. i. 16 ; 
vii. 10. 

h. Native, not foreign, hence=^' per- 
sonal : " Rom. iv. 1. 

c. Before negatives makes a strong 
assertion=" in the nature of the case there 
really is no : " Rom. iv. 2. 

d. Coupled with (^-) it may be used 
in reference to both persons and books 
to indicate that what is brought forward 
is stated on their authority : Acts xvii. 2. 

V As an emphatic particle be- 

^M^ fore (^), (^), (^I), etc.. 

it scarcely needs to be translated._ It 

indicates ehher certainty, or future time: 

Matt. xvi. 2, 3, 21; xx. 19 ; xxi. 22. 

/pi^ In many cases this=(^) : 
liS Matt. xiv. 8; xxvi. 37. 
Followed by (T)=^«t ^ T)' " ^^^^ is 
etc. : 2. Cor. xii. 5. 



ill 



^ 



a. As an fulverb follows the 
verb: Mult. iv. 23; Lk. 



iv. 14. 



258 



BRIEF NOTKS OX SOMl': COMMON ClIARACTEKS AND IDIOMS. 



h As an iuljectivo precedes tlio noun ; 
Lk. iv. 25 ; xvi. 20 ; Rev. iv. C, 8. 

"5^^ Is used \>y inferiors wlien 
-^j^ addressing their suprM-iors, 

or cliildren their parents to indicate re- 
spect: xVcts xvi 3S; xxi. 20. 

— y^ a. F-.llowed by (£-) and used 
'^1'^ with an interi'()<rative par- 

ticle, forms a negative interrogative=" did 
I not ? is it not ? " Matt. vii. 22 ; Mk. 
vi. 3. 

h. (7 0) or Cf i(T- T) is employed 
to indicate tliat matters liave come to 
extremities, and that some evil is about to 
follow : Lk. xxii. 49. 

c. (1^ J£) followed by a verb = '' alto- 
gether too unimportant to :" Horn. 

viii. 18 ; 2. Cor. xi. 14. 

cZ. {^ :f^;j;)="no choice left; with- 
out any alternative:" Acts xx. 22; 1, 
Cor. ix. 6. 

e. (^ ^ f^) occurring at the end of a 
sentence="it is needless to make further 
mention ; it goes without saying : " 2. Cor. 
ix. 14. 

/^J This is commonly employed 
[^yil in a bad sense=" obstinate- 

ly and perversely determined;" or when 
used to introduce a sentence="but, alas:" 
1. Cor. vi. 8; Tit. i. 7. 

This is commonly used 
^fnll 1*^^ i'l cases where offi- 

cials seek to elicit information from 
offenders : 1. Pet. iii. 15. 

fyl\. Added to other words usually 
'jist conveys an adverbial force : 



mf-1 



The function of this 
expression is merely 



Rev. xviii. 21. 

to round off a sentence ; it is scarcely 
translatable : Matt. xxi. 32 ; Mk. xi. 10; 
Acts XXV. 23. 

Oi(M f@ A^. Note the 
idiom which places 
the enumeration of people or things first 
and the number enumerated afterwards : 



HA 



^n 



Matt. iv. 18, 21; Mk. xii. 20; Acts xix. 
22 ; Col. iv. 9. 

Or(p^.. ^);]-)or(- 

;fjj) = " like, resembling : " 
1. Tim. i. 19; 2. Tim. ii. 9, 17. 

field, heavenly goodnes>(conscience)=;"" tho 
whole moral nature :" Tit. i. 15. 



der 



^1t 



m 



m 



In the fi'-st and se- 
cond phice ; in or- 
ivom. i. 10. 

Commonly denotes the mutual 
iiction of two or more per- 
sons : 2. Cor. vi. 14, 16. 

a. " Like "=such as : Matt. 
)^ XV. 19; Mk. ix. 37. 
h. In the case of: Rom. xiii. 9. 

Joined to (^) or(:^) or ($|>) 
_y ="all round ; all quarters ; 

all pa'rts:" Lk. iv. 14; vi. 17; vii. 17. 

vXxZ. a. As a relative pronoun this 
fyj character precedes the nouu 
instead of followino; it as in English; 
e.g. : Matt. x. 42. H'A Ff U 6^ fL.llE= 
s/iiing-ts"i^, the reward; .so^, which: i-ren , 
a righteous man; teh-liU^, obtains; not 
" the righteous man who obtains the re- 
ward." See also Matt. xi. 4, 11; xu. 18. 
It is frequently omitted iu colloquial with- 
out affecting the sense. 

h. Sometimes (^ :g) or (^ :^ 65), 
"all there is or are ; " merely=the; and 
those who: Acts viii. 28; 1. Cor. i. 2; 
Heb. i. 5 

(M W 65) "^^5' ^^ ^^sed alone, or may 
have a descriptive clause inserted between 
(}^) and (fi^), the meaning=" all those 
who:" Acts i. 22. 

W^ a. Preceding a noun = " all 
PQ, or every ; " etc. : Acts xv. 
3; xxiv. 3; Philip. iv."'l2. 

/;. Oft 'n=" according to ; up to the 
measure of:" 2. Cor. viii. 12; ix. 7; CoL 
ii. 18. 



259 



BFJEF NOTES ON SOME COMMON CHAEACTERS AND IDIOMS. 



tj^ Followed by (j^)=" good at ; 
f-f skilled in ; cotnpefeiit in the 

tiling under consideration: " 1. Tim. iii. 2, 
4, 12. 

Many verbs take this charac- 
ter witliont affecting the 
sense: Matt. vi. 6: xx. lu; xxvii. 31. 



± 



h ^^^ «■. Repeated^" what- 
'^ )M ever!" Jhu. ii. 5; 
Gal. vi. 7. 

h. Often = " nothing; anj'thing; noth- 
ing much; none:" Jhn. xi. 49; xv. 5; 
xviii. 20; Acts. ix. 8; 1. Cor. vii. 19; 
X. 19; xiv. 35. 



^ 



This combination de- 
notes degree, result, 
or tliat thiiigs have reached such and such 
a stages" so that; inasmuch as; etc.:" 
Jhn. iii. 16 ; Acts xv. 39 ; xvi. 26. 

rttr^ As a sign of the passive this 

^j5C. is largely used of suffering 

wrong or indignity : Matt. xvi. 21 ; xx. 19. 

In combination with certain 
descriptive words tin's is 
employed to distinguish a person : l\Iatt, 
ix. 23; Acts iii. 14; xxiii. 23; xxvii. 27. 

t^ a. Repeated implies an alter- 

"XSt, native=" either or ; 

did or did ?" Jhn. xviii. 34. 

h. Follow by (^ ^) may stand alone, 
or may be separated; the ex[)ression=: 

"whether or not; is, are or not?" 

Matt xxvi. 63; Lk. iii. 15; Jhu. ix. 25; 
1. Jhn. iv. 1. 

c. Coupled with (^^) makes a phrase 
tliat varies its meaning largely according 
to the context="yes and no; right and 
wrong; positive or neoative; tittle-tattle, 
scandal; is it so or not?" Rom. ii. 15; 
Philip i. 10. 

Xj^^ ^^ "Beginning and end;" 
>^P r^J^ ==the whole course 

of; during the whole of : Acts xx. 18. 

5Q^ In introducing quotations this 
fyU is separated from (0^ f^) 



by the quotation in question : Matt. ii. 
23; viii. 17; xxvi. 54, 75. 

^y^^ <^- Repeated=" whosoever ; 
pfil whoever; no matter who:" 

Matt. XX. 23; xxi. 44; Acts viii. 19. 

h. Followed by an interrogative par- 
ticle it negatives a proposition by its 
obvious improbability or absurdity: 1. 
Cor. ix. 7. 

The above holds good of its Southern 
equivalent (% — fg). 

^jffc As applied to age=" eldest, " 
^'V without any sign of the 

superlative: Matt. xxi. 28. 

/^* a. Sometimes stands alone 
|EI^ at the beginning of a sent- 

ence as a temporal particle='' at, in;" 
at other times it is joined to either (3$) 
or (f). It may be variously translated 
according to the connection, but in 
many cases the time referred to is made 
clear by the insertion of explanatory 
words, as e. g.: Matt. ii. 1; xi. 22. See 
also Matt. xiii. 20; xxiv. 33 ; Rev. ii. 13. 
When applied to place, as in (^ J^) ^^— 
" the place in question." 

h. Used with (^) it denotes that 
which is inherently fitting, or in keeping 
with the nature or constitution of things : 
1. Tim. ii. 10; 2. Tim. ii. 6. 

c. Read tang^=" to regard as ; con- 
sider, treat as." So used it is commonly 
preceded by [^) (fE) or (}ff ). The first 
two of these three characters are those 
ordinarilv used in colloquial : Mk. viii. 
38; Lk. xi. 11; Jhn. ii. 16; Philip, iii. 19. 

^tlb a, " To carry with or to take 
fl^ with," may be applied to 

either light articles, or a person : Matt. 
ii. 13 ; X. 10; Acts xxiii. 18, 20. 

h. Used in reference to the expression 
of the face: Matt. vi. 16. 

c. "Associated with," used both of 
things and persons : Matt. ix. 16 ; xvii. 1. 

d. Following the name of a district= 
"a belt of country:" Acts. ii. 10; xii. 
20 : xix. 1. 



26a., 



BRIEF NOTES ON SOME COMMON CHARACTERS AND IDIOMf 



;^|I Following such words as (|^), 
^'J (1^); ^^c. it makes an open- 

ing phrase="as to so and so ; to speak 

of such and suck a " : 2. Cor. viii. 

23; ix. 1; Philip, iv. 15. 

Jt£t\ As a correlative of (^) used 
I^IJ _ with [^y, iu) the expres- 
sion='' seeing that it is better; can- 
not do better": Matt. xix. 10; 1. Cor. 
xi. 6. 

>>^ May be either a. part of pre- 
I'yy dicate ; b. part of adver- 

bial phrase ; or c. sign of potential mood : 
Mk. ix. 3 ; Lk. xxi. 5 ; Acts viii. 20 ; xii. 
14 ; xxvi. 2. 

"A class": 1. Cor. vii. 28 ; 
2. Cor. vii. 1. 

a. Not used before dates : 
Lk. iii. 1; xii. S8. h. 
Forms the ordinal numbers, but may be 
used alone to=" the most important 
thing " : 2. Pet. iii- 3. It may be applied 
to all numbers, differing herein from 
(g^), which is applied in a similar manner 
to the iirst fev) numbers only of a series : 
Matt. xxii. 38 ; Lk. vi. 1. 

" A footing," is ap- 
plied to all sorts of 
things='' a degree, condition or state ; a 
state of affairs; a pass" : 1. Tim. iii. 13. 



m^ 



This is one of the commonest 
characters in the language, 
and at the same time one that gives tlie 
beginner most trouble. Hence it is 
treated of in greater detail, each use be- 
ing noticed separately. 

a. Sign of the possessive. As such it 
is frequently omitred after personal pro- 
nouns, and uniformlv so when followed by 
either (^) or (%) : Matt. xx. 21, 22 ; xxi. 
38 ; xxii. 7 ; Lk. xv. 24 ; Acts xx. 34. 

h. Adjectival particle. Thus used it 
immediately precedes the subject or object, 
rendering adjectival all that goes before 
it : Acts vi. 3. It also denotes the class 
of people under consideration, so answer- 
ing to "the" in English; e.g. "the 



poor ; " " the rich ; " etc. : Matt. xxv. 
3, 4, 8; Lk. xiv. 13; xvi. 14; Rom. i. 
30, 31. 

c A relative pronoun = "hc who ; one 
who : those who ; " etc. Matt. v. 3 • x 
28,37—39; Jhn. i. 33. 

d. Indicates an agent and corresponds 
to such suffixes as in English point out '• a 
doer : " Mk. iv. 14 ; Jhn. x. 3, 11 ; Acts 
xvii. 28 ; Rom. ix. 21. 

e. Repeated=" some others ; " 

or may qualify the thing referred to, which 
is understood : Matt. iv. 24 ; Acts xiii. 4."). 

/. Used with (J^ :^)="none; nothing; 
nobody;" e.g. Matt. ix. 16, 17 : y^ ^ 
m m ^T II tf ^ m n ranh.iu\ theie 
are not; tik~, those who ; na^, with; sin 
2ni\ new cloth; p?/, repair; kin i-fuh'', 
old clothes : " nobody repairs old clothes 
with new cloth : " Matt. xi. 11 ; Lk. xi. 
41 ; xviii. 30 ; Rev. xv. 8. 

ff. At times forms part of the verb : 
Matt. X. 26. 

/i. Directly after verbs it has the force 
of a noun=" the thing referred to : " See 
Matt. iii. 4 ; (P^ 6^), the thing he ate : i.e.. 
his food : Mk. ix. 6 ; Lk. xii. 29 ; Jhn. 
xix. 19 ; Acts xxi. 33 ; Rev. xiv. 3. 

>^ a. After numbcrs=" more 
:^ than : " Matt. xxvi. 53 ; 

Mk. xiv. 5 ; Acts iv. 22 ; xxiii. 13. 

h. Followed by (;g' 6^)=" the more 

part ; the greater number : " Acts xiii. 43. 

This is not used before the 
subject of a sentence. It 
sums up and emphasizes the predicate and 
is often preceded by (^), or some word 
denoting totality : Matt. vi. 22. Either it 
or (^) are commonly used after an 
enumeration : IMatt. vi. 13 ; vii. 21 ; i\Ik. 
vi. 30. 



i 



As applied to people indicates 
-*J that the actions of one party 

are in correspondence with the standard of 
the other : Col. i. 10 ; 1. Thess. ii. 12. 

^C L'sed before negatives adds 
^1 emphasis : Mk. viii. 12. 



261 



BRIEF NOTES ON SOME COMMON CHARACTERS AND IDIOMS. 



% 
^ 



Frequently=(fi^ fP5) : Lk. xvi. 
4. 

This character is used when 
'^l'' coffins are kept in the house 
for a time before they are taken out to 
the grave : Acts ix. 37. 

"To paste up/' is applied 
both to things and persons= 
" to stick to : to keep close to : " Acts viii. 
29 ; xxvii. 4. C'p. Hfi ?£ ^^ $ ^ ^ ii' 
to keep close to the Saviour's side. 

" Heavenly principles, " 
=moral rectitude ; 
justice ; natural sense of justice ; the high- 
est heathen idea of right. Acts xxviii. 4. 

To undress," is applied to 
garments and to shoes, but 
not to either girdle or hat : (^ !li| ^), 
take off the hat ; (^ ® ^), unloose the 
girdle. 

It differs from (§1]) which="to flay," 
or in reference to clothes, " to strip by 
violence." It is also applied to casting 
off evil habits : Lk. x. 30 ; xi. 4 ; Acts vii. 
33, 58 ; xvi. 22. 



S 



^ 



a. " In the case of ; with ; to 
rest with." Matt. xix. 26; 
Mk. is. 23 ; X. 27 ; Rom. xii. 19. 

h. Used with (^)=" depends on ; rests 
in : " Eom. ix. 11, 16 ; xi. 6. 

c. Followed by (^ J:) it forms a 
phrase=(l) Responsibility, either incurred 
or voluntarily undertaken : Matt, xxvii. 25 ; 
Phil. 18. (2) "In the case of those refer- 
red to : " Matt. XXV. 40 ; Lk. xi. 50 ; xxii. 
37 ; Rom. ix. 17; 2. Cor. ii. 8. 

d. As a complement of ( g ^) it is 
employed when the fact is stated that tiiere 
is a person or persons to whom reference 
can be made, or who are responsible : 
Rom. xiv. 4. 

e. Joined to (J^) makes a phrase which 
in addition to its usual significance of 
*' on ; upon ;" also frequently="in the 



matter of ; relating to : 
ii. 17 ; 2. Pet. i. 8. 



5J 



Tit. ii. 7 ; Heb. 



" Again ; further "= 
' continuance in a course ; " 
or " successive steps in action : " 1. Cor. xv. 
24; 2. Cor. i. 16 ; Eph. ii. 19 ; iv. 14, 17, 
28 ; 1. Thess. iii. 1 ; 1. Tim. v. 23; Rev. 
xviii. 22, 23. 

b. Coupled with (^) forms a phrase 
generally found in documents, though 
sometimes used in conversation to signify 
the beginning of a fresh thought or sub- 
ject : 1. Jhn. ii. 8. 

c. Before negatives adds emphasis : Mk. 
xii. 34 ; Lk. xiii. 9. 

Repeated=" very early : " Mk. 
i. 55. Adverbs are fre- 
quently repeated without any apparent 
reason. 



■¥- 



^lH " To meet with," differs from 

! l^. (JM) used alone, in that it 

commonly refers to matters of difficulty or 

suffering : Lk. xxi. 13 ; Acts vii. 11; viii. 

1 ; 1. Cor. X. 11. 

>^ BiSc t^ "How", very 
^U^ /J^ T^ commonly con- 
veys the idea of expostulation=" but ; 

how about ;" what do you meau 

by ?" Rom. iii. 9. 

|T^ a. Sign of the future ; at times 
7VJ equivalent of colloquial ('j^) : 
Matt. i. 23; viii. 11; xii. 20. 

5. Introduces object of verb with all 
its attributes ; in such cases it does not 
need to be translated : Matt. iv. 8. 

-^I» Most beginners find con- 
^U siderable difficulty in know- 
ing how and when to use this character. 
An attempt has therefore been made 
to point out its various uses, but 
it is a word the use of which must be 
grown into, and gathered from the 
Chinese by observation. 

a. Denotes sequence : (1) Temporal= 
" and ; thereupon ; then ; at once : " Matt, 
ii. 23 ; viii. 3, 13 ; ix. 9, 22 ; xi. 25 ; xviii. 
1-5, 17 ; Lk. X. 31. (2) Logical or moraL 
Used with (g£), (gt^), or similar words 



262 



BRIEF NOTES ON SOME COMMON CHAKACTERS AND IDIOMS. 



expressed or urKlerstood=" this being the 

case it follows that ; having 

thereupon:" Matt. v. 19 ; xii. 23 ; Mk. 
XV. 45; Lk. ii. 17; ix. 3'2 ; x. 28 ; xx. 
-36 ; Jhn. vii. 23 ; Acts xxiii. 9 ; xxvii. 
31 ; 1. Cor. xv. 15. 

h, Frequently=" as a matter of course, 
necessarily ; it follows naturally :" Acts 
XV. 18 ; xix. 39 ; Rom. ii. 7 ; vii. 17. 

c. Often=" had better ; may as well " : 
!Matt. sxviii. 13. 

d. As a principal verb=" to follow; 
to come to" : Matt. iii. 14 ; Mk. i. 45. 

e. "Take advantage of; avail oneself 
of ; take one's cue from " : Matt. xxii. 
15 ; Mk. xii. 13 ; Lk. xi. 54 ; 2. Cor. xi. 21. 

/. In some cases it is uearly the 
equivalent of (^,)=" according to; con- 
cerning," bub this use is not strictly 
colloquial : Rom. vi. 11 ; Philip, iii. 6. 

I^JDl ^^^ a. The usage of this 

^u A^ expression differs 

from (^) used alone, in that it is com- 
monly employed to point out something 
special about the person or thing in 
question ; this is seen more clearly when 
preceded by (jf) or {%): Matt. iii. 3 ; 
Acts xix. 2iJ ; xxi. 28; xxii. 8. 

6. It is employed when something that 
goes before needs to be explained or 
specified : Matt. i. 23 ; xii. 2(5 ; xiii. 20, 
22, 38 ; XX. 16 ; xxiii. 23; Mk. vii. 4 ; 
Acts xiii. 1; xv. 28, 29; xxiv. 21. 

c. Often=" degree ; up to such and 
such a point ; even ; even if"; in such 
cases it is frequently followed by (j^) : 
Matt. vi. 29; viii. 10; xvii. 20 ; xxi. 21 ; 
xxiv. 36; xxvi. 35 ; Mk. i. 7; Lk. vii. 9; 
Acts XX. 30. 

^^ ^t^ " To exhaust "='' to do to 
jnll the utmost; to do one's 

best" : Lk. x. 27 ; Rom. i. 15 ; 2. Tim. 

iv. 17. 

^-f-~^ - f ^ " Left and right," are 

>lH ^\^ used to signify '• all 

round ; on all sides." At times a word 

comes between them : Lk. xxii. 49 ; Acts 

xxiii. 2 ; 2. Tim. iv. 17. 



A^ J^ " To act as lord,"=to 
I P . I ,> have control of ; to 
have responsibility about. To have a 
larger or smaller share of control is ex- 
pressed by (ff^ :;c ^ i) and (f^ <J» i(^ 
^) : Acts V. 4. 

^^ «. Frequently does not need 
fyt^ to be translated, being 

used merely to add emphasis : Jhn. viii. 

10, 17 ; 1. Jhu. iii. 18. 

^- ('il' fl5 a" ^) Is employed in sum- 
ming up a case, stating a conclusion, 
etc. =" finally ; to sum up: to put it 
briefly ; in a word" ; etc.: 1. Pet. iii. 8. 

]^^ «. Differs from C"^) in that 
^|^§J while (,g|) shews the na- 
tural order or connection, (.^'i indicates 
that (1) it is then and not hrfore in tem- 
poral, and (2) thus and onhj thus in 
moral sequence; e. g. (1) Temporal: 
Matt. vii. 5; Lk. xvii. 8; Jhn. ii. 20; 
Acts vii. 13 : xxviii. 1 ; 1. Cor. ii. 14; v. 
7 : xvi. 2. (2) :\Ioral : 1. Cor. xv. 10 ; 2. 
Cor. i. 24. 

h. As applied to purpose="iu order to; 
so that " : 2. Cor. iv. 7 ; Eph. ii. 9. 

c. As an adverb of time="ju3t; just 
now " : Matt. ii. 2. 

d. As applied to people it=" these 
and no others, none bub those in ques- 
tion." Sometimes it is preceded by such 
words as (^), {\% ), {y^\ pointing out that 
those referred to stand by themselves ; 
at other times two classes are contrast- 
ed, and (^) indicates that one and one 
only is under consideration : Matt. vii. 
21 ; ix. 12 ; xii. 4 ; xv. 18 ; Jhn. ix. 31 ; 
Rom. iv. 14 ; Heb. xi. IS ; Rev. xxi. 27. 

e. It places a thing beyond question= 
" there can be no mistake abouD it" ; etc. 
So used it is often preceded by eitlier 
(xi) or {%)'. Mk. vii. 20 ; Lk. xxiv. 31 ; 
Jhn. X. 2 ; 1. Cor. ix, 18 ; Heb. xiii. 9. 

^^K "To invite," in many cases 
pf5 <^oes not need to be trans- 

I lated ; it merely indicates respect : Mk. vi. 
25, 36 ; xiii. 4 ; Jhn. xi. 34. 



263 



BRIEF NOTES ON SOME COJIMON CHARACTERS AND IDIOMS. 



^tt As a reflexive pronoun this 
^^ character differs from (g 
g,) in that it has no possessive form. It 
indicates that an act is personally done 
and not by proxy : Lk. i. 2 ; Acts xxvii. 
10; 1. Cor. iv. 12 ; xvi. 21 ; Heb. siii. 3. 

_--|^ A large indefinite number is 

" I expressed by adding (^) to 

this character ; if followed by words 
referring to localitj-, they=" anywhere : " 
Matt, xxiii. 15. 

>fM m ^^iI:="f^om 

1><t till, to :" Matt, xxiii. 

35 ; Lk. xi. 51 ; Acts i. 22. 

Or i^ ^ or i^ 21$=" what 
is naturally the case ; as a 
matter of course : the fact is ; as a matter 
of fact:" Mk.xvi. 4 ; Lk. iv. 43 ; viii. 30; 
Eom. i. 10; ii. 13 ; xi. 18. 

m-M* These form the com- 
^^ "^^ parative and are 

usuallv employed with (;^ -^j}) or (fjij ^p) 

or (^^)=""'it is better. than:" 1. 

Cor. vii. 9 ; xiv. 19. 

-^ a. In all multiples of 10,000 
1^ this is the unit ; e.g. (_^ H) 

not (n + ^) : Lk. xiv. 31. 

h. Before negatives^" an emphatic 
particle : " Acts iv. 18. 

^*. — g^ After verbs this is 
371^ J usually followed by 



m 



(^)="wl^en;" without any further ad- 
ditions : Lk. vii. 1 ; viii. 8; *xxii.45. 

To go toward," forms part 

. of many prepositions and 

adverbs, and precedes the verb. It is^ 
best to regard it as forming a particle of 
direction : Rev. xix. 3. 

^^ " To look," differs from (^ ) 

■'— F\ in that it includes either 

the meaning of looking at something far 

off, or shews direction : Mk. vii. 34; 1. 

(*or. xiv. 9. 

flH The expression (^ fj] ftO= 
F^J "let me put it to you ; let 

us suppose a case : " Rom. x. 18, 19 ; xi. 
1 ; Gal. iii. 2. 

/^ a. After verbs meaning " to 
^^ change," etc.=" into." The 
words (^), (f^), are used somewhat simi- 
larly : Matt. iv. 3 ; xiii. 30; xxvii. 51 ; 
Lk. iv. 3 ; xi. 35 ; Acts i. 20. 

b. It often has an active sense«=" as ; 
to act as ; to play the part of ; " etc. : 
Acts ii. 30 ; Rom. x. 9 ; L Cor. vii. 37 ; 
2. Jhn. i. 

c. It is sometimes used as a sign of the 
passive : 2. Jhn. i. 

d. At the close of a sentence it is 
frequently followed by some suitable ad- 

jective='- the best thing that can be :" 

i. Cor. vii. 1, 9 ; Phil. 9 



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