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: ..: V -.' ••• • • • 


This Vocabulary was originally compiled for my private use in order 
to retain a grasp on what, after ten years* practical experience, I con- 
sidered to be the most necessary words of the Arabic language. It 
is now published, after two years' careful revision. 

The following plan has been adopted in its compilation :— 

1st, Taking Fi-eytag's " Arabic- Latin Lexicon '' as a guide, I went 
through the volume, selected what I wanted, and drew up a skeleton 
list of the most important verbal roots and their derivatives. 

2nd. I then read carefully through the Arabic text of the Egyptian 
codes of law, line by line, adding words with their modern meanings 
to the skeleton list. This task supplied me with hundreds of terms 
relating not merely to law, but also to public and social life, 
government, commerce, crime, &c. ; moreover, it showed how the best 
Egyptian authorities translate good French into good modern Arabic, 
The phraseology of a code forms a high standard of the common 
language of educated natives ; it is unpedantic, simple, accurate and 

3rd. I collected numerous words by a systematic course of reading 
of official MSS., decrees, circulars, annual budgets, reports and 
journals. I also added some colloquialisms, and a few military and 
scientific terms. 

The entire draft was then revised with the aid of native clerks. I 
would read out an Arabic word, and ask them to explain it ; I would 
then translate my own explanation, and thus verify or correct it. 
The MS. was then submitted to the scrutiny of my native colleagues 
of the Court of Appeal, and it is to their never-failing kindness and 
assistance that I am most deeply indebted ?ot ^JX^-aiX^K^ <i^N^\ift\^ 
this book. While, therefore, I alone am Tes^Ti«J^\^ ^^^ ^^1 \^\^^:X» 
or sbortcomiDge, the student may feel couMeuV. t\\^\. V^^^ "^^ ^ wws>» 


professional attempt to furnish him with a concise abridgment^ a 
coherent synopsis, of the vocabulary which is daily used by native 
officials of the Egyptian Government. 

I would advise him to master this book almost in its entirety ; 
to read carefully two or more pages up to ten or twenty a day, 
according to the time at his disposal ; to select and note down in 
a blank book two or three words from every page; and to try to he 
accurate in his Arabic spelling. If he will take the trouble to go 
through this Vocabulary in the manner suggested, I am confident 
that in the course of a few months he will have gaitied a sound 
knowledge of modern Egyptian Arabic. His notes will have formed 
a short vocabulary of his own selection, and in addition to what he 
may remember, he will be better able to guess the root of a 
derived form, and to find it in this or any larger dictionary. 

The cross-references should also be examined for synonyms, or for 
contrasts in meaning or in spelling. For example, c— «1> tali/a, 
" it perished," [see kiAlfc]. Reference to CJiJb halaka, gives 
us one or two more useful words for " ruin/' " danger ;" and 
halaka and tali/a should be connoted in the student's memory. 
Again, ^^ tamr, means ^' a dry date,'' but ^ tamar, means 

*' fruit.'' 

As a specimen lesson in the use of this book, let the student take 

the three roots (— i^ 'arafa '' he knew," Jlc 'alima, " he knew," 

and ^^A3- lihahar ^' news." They unite in the mnin idea of 
'' knowledge," but each difiers from the others in its derived forms. 
This connotation of allied roots, by contrast and comparison, is the 
best way to attain accuracy in Arabic. If he will then look for 
'arafa and 'alima in a large dictionary such as Razimirski or 
Steiugass, he will see how this vocabulary has been abridged for 
practical purposes. 

One great obstacle to our progress in good colloquial Arabic is 
undoubtedly our helplessness in the hands of Berberine servants. 

These Berberines are foreigners, whose native Nubian dialect {rotn^ 

or non-Arab) is very limited and barbarous. Yet for our daily 

purposes we are obliged not only to learn their pronunciation, but 

also their grossly inaccurate patois, which some of us innocently 

suppose is good modern Arabic. The Berberine despises every word 


which he does not know as " nahwiy^'* or pedantic ; and if we submit 
to his dictum we shall never make much progress beyond the familiar 
hata'a and shoof. 

Those among us who speak the best Arabic are invariably men who 
have had to deal with fellaheen (soldiers, policemen, or peasants), and 
with junior native officials. Not only is the pronunciation of these 
Englishmen good, but they can speak Arabic intelligibly, and in 
connected sentences, upon matters which require a little thought to 
explain or to understand, even in English. 

In conclusion, this book contains the result of twelve years' study 
and experience of Arabic in Syria, Egypt, the Soudan, and Tripoli ; 
and I sincerely hope that it may not only encourage English resi- 
dents and officials in the study of that language^ but also prove 
useful to the numerous Egyptians who are learning English. 

D. A. C. 


November, 1891. 



The Arabic Alphabet cdnsista of 28 letters :— . Numorioal value 

Alif I d, as in father. 1 
B6 ^ b. 2 






t A J 

ih, as in think; or «; or ^ 




y, but commonly /jr, as in go. 




h, a strong /i, as in hurl. 




kh, a harsh aspirate^ as in lorh. 








d; or z; or ih as in ^/<y(^ 
















8, a double s, as in hissing. 




dh, or strong double d, or z. 




t, a hard emphatic t. 




dh ; or strong double d, or z. 




'a, 'e, \*, 'o or 'u, a guttural hiatus. 




gh, like the French r grasseye. 








(J, a guttural At. 




















«.', or ; or oo. 


m » 

or it 

h, a Boft h, as in AeoJ. 




y, or ic. 




Thus there are three letters for t : — 

fJL> - Ly toba, penitence. 

CL> - L-jy tob, garment. . 

I0 - h^ toba, brick. 

Three letters for s : — 

K±j - CL>^ soboot, proof. 
1^ - g-A-M* saba*, seyen. 

^ja - aUud 8obda\ finger. 

Two letters for h : — 

^ - <w^^ habba, he loved. 

s - L«^Jb habba, the wind blew. 

Two letters for k : — 

^ - <wJJ» 3aZ6^ heart. 

kD - v^ fc^/6, dog. 
Four letters for d : — 

J - i^J c2ii&&^ a bear. 
J - ^^bi) dibbd/n, flies. 

^^ - jj-^ d<^^^^3 damage. 
t - ^^f.b dohr, midday. 

Four letters for z : — 

4) - ^4) zdkiy, sagacious. 

: - \ij zakiy, pious. 

fjo - Lx^ za&^^ seizure. 

t - ^Ife zdhir, apparent. 

The Vowel Sounds are .as follows : — 

I. Long 


II. Short. 




as in 


1. a, or iJ, as in cap^ or ctfp. 






2. 0, or w, „ puU. 



oviy „ 


3. 1 „ pm. 







I. Long, (l) ) d, as in father ', e. g., l-jU bdb, door. T ad, 

double d, as in baa ; e. g.j J I adJ, dynasty. 

(2) d, which in Arabic words is pronounced 
usually as 6 in pole, although the ovf of 
fowl is more correct ; e, jf., Jy qol or qowl, 
speech; but in foreign words invariably as 
in pole. 

(3) ^ 00, as in fool ; e, g., Jy fool, beans. 

(4) ^ OT 1^ ee or iy, as in feel ; e, g., Joi feel, 
elephant; uf/^^ masriy, or masree, Egyptian. 

jb iya, or eeya (feminine termination of adjec- 
tives derived from nouns), e, g., i^t-A^ ma^riya, 
masreeya, Egyptian. 

(5) ic ai, indiflferently pronounced as ai in pain, 
or as i in pine ; e. g., ^jXc 'ain, or 'ine, eye ; 
but usually as ai in pain ; e. g., ^jju bain, 
between, ^^Juul etnain, two. 

II. Short. (1) Fat'ha, «ii — , a or fi, as in cap or cwp; e.^., 

». ja/ras, or jiiriis, bell. 

(2) Damwa, 2^, — , o or t^, as in ^wiZ, 6oofe; 
^« ?•* e^*il odo»> or udun, ear, 

(3) Kasra, ijmS, — , t, as in pin; e.g., l^Jj^ sorifa, 

it was spent. This ka^ra, or short i, is very 
common in the spoken dialect, and often usurps 
the place of a; e.g., ^ij baka, is usually pro- 
nounced bihi, he wept ; ^J^ masha becomes 
viishi, he walked ; ^-^^ kataba becomes kitib, 
)w wroto. 



There are five letters — ^, ^, c, ^ and viJ — which must bo 
contrasted together. 

1. ^ Jeemj j, 9 as in gin, but colloquially as g in go, 

2. c 'iltn^ a hiatus^ or peculiar guttural. 

3. c Ohain, gh, a guttural usually transliterated by the French 
r grasseye. 

4. y^ Qofi a guttural i or j ; or hiatus ; or, very vulgarly, 
as g in go, 

a. Compare ^ hajj, pilgrimage, with ^Laaa^- haqeeqa, truth, 
and ^JjJLC' 'aqeeq, cornelian. ^ is colloquially pro- 
nounced hagg. iJLAs^,s^ haqeeqa, may become ha-ee-a, 
and also, very vulgarly, hagheega. JfJAft 'aqeeq, may 
become ^a-ee, and very vidga/rly, 'a^gheeg. 

&. So also ^]L»- haildq, barber, may be confused with ^^ 
halldj, carder of cotton. And JPflJ; Zaqdzeeq is Zaga- 
zig, or Za-d-zee. 

c. Again : cl^ fardgh, emptiness ; ^jlJ ^roj, separation ; 
ijj^ faraha, he rubbed, require to be distinguished. 

The student is therefore advised to retain the simple 
transliteration adopted in this book, and to consider : 
^ Jeem as j, or g in gin ; o ^Ain as a hiatus, apostrophe 
'a, *e, \ *o or 'u ; a Ohain as gh ; ^J Qdf as g ; CJ -Bb/" 
as h. 

I have carefully avoided any elaborate system of translitera- 
tion with dots or strokes under certain letters. Experience has 
shown me that everyone likes his own ideas on this subject, and 
spells words {e.g,, hurbash, dahabia, Ismailla, bawab, &c.) accord- 
ing to his fancy. 



The New Egyptian Weights and Measures, 1892. 

By Khedivial Decree the metric system is oflScially recognised 
in Egypt according to the following Egyptian and English equi- 

I. Measubes op Length. — Jl^SI ^^--JUi'iU Maqdyees el-AtwdL 
1 Dirda^ Baladiy, t/*3J^ $:];*> • • • 0*58 m^tre . . . 22'835 inches. 
1 Dirda^Mi'amdriy, ^oU«^ cKo . . . 0*75 „ ... 29'528 „ 
1 Qasaba, jc..,n^_? • . . 3'55 „ ... 11 ft.^ 7*76 in. 

1 Fedddn, ^j^^iX-J . . . 4200*833 sq. metres ... 1 acre, 6 rods. 









. 1*32 ounces 
. "99 pounds 
. 2*75 

II. Weights. — {^^j^y^ Mawdzeen. 

1 Dirhem, . . . ^y*> . . . "003 kilo. . . . 1*76 drms. Avdp. 

1 Oqqiya (12 dirhems), ij^l . . . *037 

1 Boil (144 dirhems), Jut^ . . . "449 

1 Oqqa (400 dirhems), XJ^I . . 1*248 

1 Qintdr (100 potls), ^IkJuf . .44*928 

1 Qintdr of > (112 oqqas), . 139*776 
Alexandria J 

1 Eanda (60 oqqas), iL^ ..74*880 

1 Hind (200 oqqas), cUj- .249*600 

1 T(maldta(Tonneau), SkXiy 1000000 

1 English Tonaldta (Ton), 1016047 „ 

Weights for precious metals : — 
1 Mithqdl (U dirhems), JUJU 4*680 gram., 72*22 grains Troy. 
1 Dirhem (16 qeerdts), «_A;0 3 120 ,, 48 15 
1 Qeerdt (4 qamhas), ^j-i-i 0195 „ 300 
J <Pam//fr, or grain of wheat, ix*' 0048 „ 075 





2240 00 























III. Measures of Capacity. — JljjIC^ MahdyeeL 

Ardab (12 kailas)^ ^^j\ 
Waiha (2 kailas), ^HH!^ 
Kaila (8 qadbs)^ 
RuV (4 qadhs)^ ixi^\ 
Malwa (2 qadhs)^ S^JL« 
Qadh (32 qeerits), — ,ji 
^u^ ^a(2^ . . . ^Jj cft^ 
i2ii&' qadh • . . ^c3Jf %^j 
KJiarrooba . . . i^^^^ 
Qeerdt . . . ^|rH 

. 198000 litres 

. 33-000 

. 16-500 

. 8*250 

. 4125 

. 2062 

. 1031 

. 0-515 

. 0-128 

. 0-064 









• • • 


5 '44 bushels. 
3-63 pecks. 
3-63 gallons. 

1-81 „ 
3*63 quarts. 
1-81 „ 
1*81 pints. 
3-63 gUls. 



Dareeba (8 ardabs), ^j^ 1584.000 litres . . . 
Fard (large), . . . jjji d^ 115*500 „ 
Fard (small), . . . j^ dj 57*750 „ . . . 

43-58 busbels. 



Litre = 0*005 ardabs. 
Hectolitre == 0*505 ardabs. 
Kilolitre = 5050 . „ 
Decilitre = 1*551 qeerdts. 

1 M^tre= 1*724 dird'a baladiy. 

1 Centimetre = 0*172 dirda' 

1 Kilometre = 28r69 qasabas. 

1 Gramme = 0*320 dirhem. 
1 Kilogramme = 320-5 „ 

320 Botls = 1 Ardab, beans. 
300 „ = 1 „ wheat. 
270 „ = 1 ,, cotton-seed. 





The Moslem Calendar. 




/ N^ ^ «•/ \.# V >^ 

days . 


Safar .... 





Babee'a el-Awwal . 



• • J^» 6^o 


Babee'a et-TAni . 



• •^^\^j 


Jamfidi el-Awwal . 


}> • 

. J,^!^^oV 


Jam&di ct-T&ni 



. ^Ul) ^0'^ 


Rajab . . . . . 



• • • V^; 


Sha'b&n .... 





Bamad&n .... 



• • • [j'^j 


Shaww&l .... 



. . . Jl^ 


Zu 1-Ka'ada . . . 



. . Si^Afill ^J 


Zu 1-Hijja . . . 



. . O-",^ 

The Moslem year consists of 12 lunar months^ or 354 days. 
It is thus shorter by about 1 1 days than the Gregorian year ; 
or 34 Moslem years are about equal to 33 ordinary years^ or 
100 Moslem years to only 97 ordinary years. The Moslems 
reckon from a.d. 622, the date of the Flight {Hijra, 5/a:*) of 
Mahomed from Mecca to Medina, and therefore 1892 a.d. is 
1309-10 A.H. (Anno HijrsB). 



The Coptic Calendar is used by Moslems and Copts for 
agricultural purposes. The names of the months appear to 
be taken from ancient Egyptian mythology : — 

1. Toot . . 

2. B&ba . . 

jLy begins about September 11. 
i-iU „ October 11. 

3. H&toor . . .yU 

4. Eiahk . . CJL^ 

5. Tooba . . i^y^ 

6. Amsheer . .a^I 

7. Barmah&t . CL^lf^ 

8. Baramooda i^y^ 

9. Bashans • ^j^J^ 

10. Ba-oona . 

11. Abeeb . . 

12. Misra . . 

13. Nisi 

.. . 



* •• 












November 10. 
December 10. 
January 9. 
February 8. 
March 10. 
April 9. 
May 9. 
June 8. 
July 8. 

August 7. 
. >,-*nj intercalary days September 6-11. 

The year consists of 12 months of 30 days each, = 360 
daysj and 5 intercalary days at the end of the year, with 
6 in Leap-Year. The reckoning is from 284 a.d., the era 
of Diocletian, so that 1892 a.d. is the Coptic Year 1608—9. 



I Mf. Value = 1. 

\ e, interrogative particle placed 
at the beginning of a sentence. 


->T Ab, Syrian month of August. 
-;T adba, he returned. 

->UI or ^J>^1 oh, or iydb, a return. 

^U ^ i^IaJ dahdb wa iydb, a 
going and coming ; there and 

■jU mdh, source, origin, focus. 

^1 « <^l db, father (see aboo). 

iSi\j\ — AoLjI Abbddiy, pi. Abdbda, 
Soudanese Arabs of the Kena- 
Assouan-Kosair district. 

43jI aftat?, future eternity, [cf. Jjl 

iJol abaddn, never. 

jj) ahbada, be perpetuated. 

ijjJL* mo'dbbadan, perpetually ; 
for life. 

t\sf\ abjad, the series of the nu- 
merical values of the letters of 
the alphabet («6(? Introduction). 

^^Lil Ibrdhe&tn, Abraham. 

ijA ibra, needle. 

JjjI Abi'eel, (European) April. 

^^Jj\ abzeem, buckle. 

I0M . lo^l ibt, pi. adbdt, armpit (se^ 
bdty kU). 

jfj I adbiq, fugitive slave. 

Jjl iU, camel. [x}"*^ 

^j'^\ Iblees, Devil, Diabolos. 

jfbl ablaq, piebald. 

^ or ^1 ihv, or bin, son. [^ - ^^ 

L<^ or ^^L or AxA ehnd, op banoon, 
or (in construction) beni, sons, 

At)' fJb icni^efam, the human race. 

V— Ju^ ^Jb j5eni Soo-ef, a town and 

province in Upper Egypt. 

sjl^h or iubl tina, or (commonly) 
hint, girl, daughter. 

djlb bandt, girls, daughters. 

iu^ ibl or ^^] iftii 'ammoh (femin.), 
ibnai 'ammoh, his cousin. 

^^^ul abanos, ebony. 

^1^1 ibhdm, thumb. 

^1 ubha, pomp, magnificence. 

j^] abhar, artery, aorta. 

■^1 or ^1 aboo, or ah, father ; pos- 

A>\ adba. la^;^vct^. 


( 2 ) 

J - 

!j^l aboona, our father^ title of 
the Coptic priesthood. 

Syl Mihoway paternity. 

^I«3^^] ahoo giVfian, white'' paddy- 



itUajdl ^] a&oo n-no^ara^ the man 
who wears spectacles. 

aJJI *f 1 a&oo n-nJm^ father of sleep^ 
poppy. [j^U'i*^ 

J^l ^ Ahoo I'hdl, father of terror, 
the Sphinx. 

jj3 y}\ Aboo qeer, Aboukir. 
^Ul — ^\ aba, he refused ; ibd, re- 
^^aJj] -46ee6, Coptic month of July. 

^^bJ) Atbdi, mountain desert near 

,^1 aieah (Persian), fire. "Fire'* ! 
as a military word of command. 

Jj^gjiij] ^ «c^l aie8hji,pL ateshjiya 
(Turco-Persian), stoker, fire- 

JiX« {J\ atem), maitam, mourn- 
ing, funeral. 

jyAi\ Atmoor (Soudanese), desert. 

1^ - iV' ^^* ^® came, reached ; 

ydtif he comes. 
^LjJl ityan, arrival, consummation. 
^T or CL>T auti, a comer, coming, 

as follows. 
i^J\ Jb ^^ Kama hoa adt, as 

follows, viz. 
JU! . ULJ ti, come thou ! (unused) . 

^JvJ idaiia, it resulted, became 

\^ ^\ ata bi, he came with, 

brought. L'^V" 

\^\j\ asdSf furniture. 

J^\ ^J\ aaar^ pi. adsar, trace, 
scar, monument. 

^J\ ^jiiJt iqtafa asaraho, he pur- 
sued, followed up its track. 

ijjJI atariya, inheritance; succes- 
sion to an undivided inheritance. 

^\ assara, he influenced^ left a 
trace upon. 

jjjiyj td'Seer, influence, efiect. 

jij^ mO'a>88ar, afiected by, influ- 
enced, touched. 

^3 td-assara, he felt himself in- 

JiLo ^ SA« mdsara, pi. ma^dsir^ 
trace, event, monument. 

Joe -. JjI ailf tamarisk articulata ; 
also called *abU 

^\ ithm, sin, crime. 

j^] — 5^1 ujra, pi. ujar, hire, pay, 
fare, salary. 

^j^l ujariy, workman, hired 

ij^] ijdra, rent, rental. 

or j>^\ ajjara, or adjara, ho 
let on hire. 

^.UmI istdjara, be took on hire, 

j\if\ or ^J«d-vJ td'jeer or eejdr, a 
letting on hire. 

.1^:15 lU-eejar^ for hire, '' to let.'' 


( 3 ) 


.lac:^J^' Ufcejar, a taking on hire. 

mo^ajjar, let, hired ; mo-ajjir, 

»J\Lm^ mostdjir, tenant, hirer, 

ijU,>) Ajirroamiya. Grammar, 
an Arabic grammar by Daood 

(Jd-1 ajal, fixed time or date. 

JlswI ajjala, he deferred to a 
fixed date. 

i)^J^ mo-ajjal^ deferred to a fixed 
date ; a form of dowry. 

J^l ajl, cause, reason. 

Jl»>S li-ajl, because of. 

^^j -yl^l ajwdz, pi. of jdz, 
couples (see zdj). 

^jS^\ — S^\ ahad, (femin.) Vida, 
one. [j^^ 

^jLs^ «V»-1 ^ a^od'd^Aara, (femin.) 
x A g j^iV^l 3 *^^ oihrata, eleven. 

j£i£. ^^l^ Aadi 'ashar, eleventh in 


d\^\ - tX^^I a/ioJ, pi. adhdd, unit, 
individual, some one. 

iil>- j^^l>- U tna ja-«i AckZ, (col- 
loquial) no one came. 

•Vft-ll w y^m d-ahad {yam el-had) j 

LiV^-l ahadiya, Divine unity. 
-^ or S^] ahhada, or wdhJiada, 
he unified. 

I ittdhada, he united himself 
td^ Agreed, 


jU^I ittihdd, unity, unanimity, 

muttahid, ally, allied, accom- 

Jal>.) ihleel, urethra, duct, passage. 

^1 afe&, alas! 
>•) or ^t a&A, or akhooy brother. 

fellow of a pair. 

iy9^\ iJchwatf brothers of a family. 

^j^l^l ikhwdn, brethren of a com- 
munity or confraternity, col- 

CLjl\y^\ . d^^l uUit, pi. akhwdi, 
sister, fellow of a pair. 

i»»»l ukliowa. brotherhood. 

iUk^\ . s^) akhooh, (oblique cases} 

akheehf his brother. 

tk>lj . i^t akhaza, he took, began ; 
ydklioz, he takes. 

i^l akhz,Sk taking, commencement 

^iLcl^ «!>-) a2;7t2; i/;a t'afa, a taking 

and giving j trade. 
Si^]jL« . J^T a^khaaa, he blamed, 

mo-a&A'aza, blame* 
^«X»-1^ to md towdkhiz-ni, do not 

blame me 1 
ii^l ittakhaza, he undertook. 


oUc] ittikhdz, an undertaking. 

O^v^ mdkhooz, taken. 

i^\« mdkhaz, place of taking, 
source, manner. 

>.^ -^T a (iA/iar, (femin.) ukhra^ 


( 4 ) 


>.ljl • j9^\ adklnr, pi. awdkhir, 

end^ last days. 

i^ I adkhira (feminjj end ; life to 

jk^] akheer, the last. 

^1 dkhkhara, he adjourned. 

jLiJlS ta-kheer^ adjournment. 

^vj t&'aklikhara, he was late, in 
arrears, adjourned. 

^».^ mo-akhkhar, delayed, ad- 

j^\ aklwr (Persian), stable. [JjAj^I 

<^ti3T . K^d\ adahy pi. adddb, 
good manners, culture, morals, 

C^^^jI adeeb. courteous. 

i^o] addbiya, education, culture. 

c^jl adddba. he educated, cor- 
rected, punished. 

L«.^i}vJ td'deeb, education, punish- 

/^JVJ td'deebiy, correctional, dis- 

5 .iil or ijd or S .ol idurra, or durra, 
or izurra, maize. 

^<J - ^;Ui>l idmdnf perseverance 
(see damana). 

^t^i> I - A»> I -4dam, the first man ; 

ddamiy, human. 

At>l |«i> beni Adam, human race. 

clAx«i)T ddamiydt, women. 

cl;1jJ) - Sli3l addt, pi. acZau^a^, tool, 
instrument. [Sj^ 

-^/j/ trt/a, pajrment, fulSlmvnt. 

j^ji acZJa, he paid, fulfilled. 

Lj\J td'diya, fulfilment. 

^iijib. ,cJ|^' owaddi wazeefti, I 
shall do my duty. 

j1 12;, lo ! and then. 

^Ji lol or liil izd, or izd kdn, if. 

.^ J ! ild^ar, Syrian month of March. 

i.O or iji) izurra, or durra, maize. 

iS^so ^ ^j til aztwa laho bi-'amcd, he 
permitted him to do. 

^ jl ian, permission, licence, [i^^ 

^til CL*^^ SUaa^ kambidla taht izn, 
bill of exchange payable to 

diSi ^d\ idfa' li-iznihiy pay to his 

order ! 

^^Jv« mdzoon, licenced, delegate. 

^j^jVL*! istdzana, he asked leave. 

^lo I - ^j^ol odon, pi. acidfdn, (femin.) 
ear. The singular is usually 
pronounced widn. 

^liil eddn, cry to prayer (from a 
minaret) . 

^*jij^ mo-addin, crier to prayer. 

^O^U - ^3JLc maidna, pi. maddin, 

ii ol or ^^iil o2a or aziya, torture. 

#!jjl - ^^iil adza, he tortured, eezd, 
a torturing. 

ijui .1 arbiya, groin, root of thigh, 
-j.l ir6, limb; desire, cunningness, 
ijjy - c^l ira, inheritage, suc- 
cession (see xvarUa). 

'^? ' 

( 5 ) 



i±^ll jfd- haqq el-irs, right of suc- 

^I^a^l orjowdn, purple. 

^j\ arrahha, he dated^ chronicled, 

o .ly . ^ ,U tdreekh, pi. tawdreekh, 

date, chronicle, history. 
' .Ij ^y^ ^awi tdreekhoh, of the 
same day's date. 
*is: .IJ tdreekhiy, historic, ancient. 

^jj^ mo-arrakh, dated. 
^jy mo-arrikh, historian. 

i^oj.! - S->4>;l ardahy pi. arddib, a 

measure of capacity, 44 gallons, 
200 litres, 5i bushels; 7i-8 
ardahs to one ton of boat- 

i^t^j^^ or ^dj] oordi (for Turkish 
ordoo) , army-corps. 

j^ or :.I aruzz (pronounced rw^z), 

jj\ arz, cedar, fir, conifer. 

^^wiU - ^jij] an7, pi. arddi (femin.), 

earth, land. 
^^U arddi, landed estate, lands. 

JJ-i^l ardiy, earthly. 

ij^l ardiya, floor; tax for ware- 

Ki .1 areeka, throne. 
^JU^l Armaniy, Armenian. 

^]j] - V4;l arnafe, pi. arami 
(fcmin.)^ hare^ rabbit. 

^u or \^j] azaba, or wazaba, it 

-jj^x* or ^->yt* maizab, or meezab, 

gutter, drain. 

Jj> : - *^^j^j^ izdiydd, increase (see 

ijj\ - j\j] izdr, pi. adzira, white 

cloak worn by girls and ne- 

\jL>jj\i tdazzaret, she put on the 


SjJfl or Jfl azal, or azaliya, past 
eternity. [cf. JjI 

^JL«|I Izmeer, Smyrna; small crow- 
bar, chisel. 

^jh or jcf I aa^a, or te;a2:a, it was 
opposite, parallel. 

>l|l izd, in front of, parallel. 

^^1 ads, myrtle. 

j^y**' u««, basis (unused in singular). 

l^j-w-il or ^i*L*I isds, or i«tt«^ bases, 

^-^L* I — ^f**^^ asas, pi. adsds, 
foundation, basis, depdt of 

J\«.L.I asdsiy, fundamental. [^V^' 

^^M,L;I ^J\S qdnoon asdsiy, the law 
of the constitution of a coun- 
try, '' rPglement organiqueJ^ 

i*^ assasa, he founded, based. 

if0,jkJ\3 tdsees, a founding, basing. 

^fn^J^ mo-assas, based upon. 

iJUjuwl isbitdliya, (European'! ho?.- 


( 6 ) 



il Ut, anus. 
43jJU) . J^ju.] U8tdd or usta^ pi- 
asdteez, professor, master of a 
craft, teacher, " boss/' 

^Ja^l usta, vulgar spelling of the 
above word. 

Ci^^-Cil isJcontf (European) "e«- 
compte" discount. 

iXjkL*] istimdra, specimen, official 
form, schedule. 

J«joIjL#I Istdnbool, Stambool, Con- 
stantinople, from the Greek 

/yjjJljL-l IstanbooUy, Stambooline, 
of Constantinople. 

Ai'jUM^ asitdna (Persian), threshold ; 

judc ^*jL1 asitdna ^aliya, Imperial 
threshold or court ; Constanti- 

OwM I « d>Mt) asa/I, pi. adsdd^ lion ; 
Leo in the Zodiac. 

j*mI asara, be bound captive. [,«**« 

^1 aar, a binding captive. 

>Lm] - «x«i1 ctseer, pi. vsard, cap- 

^^U hi-asrihim, the whole, or all 
of them. 

^jk**#l«^ — ».y**to md-aooray pi. inai(;a- 

«cer, tube, drain; gun-barrel. 

JjjLiil Isrdyed, Israel. 

JaLL#t - J^kM#1 08tool, pi. asdteel 
(Greek), fleet, navy. 

i*i' 080/*, regret, sorrow, 

L^u /d-assa/a, he re ff re tied. 

>UMiiiM#l asfikshjd, (European) as- 
phyxia, [jf^ 
JIam* or J^J <*^»i> sponge. 

u-iS*** - u-ift-1 tw^rt/ (Greek, epis- 
copo«), bishop (see xmieTsaqf). 

ilC#l islcele (European, Turkish), 
scala, small seaport, " echelle 
du Levant.^* 

iU^I iskcnde (Turkish), footstool, 
low chair. 

ii.43jiC**l Ishandarlya, Alexandria. 

^^jJiC^l lalcandardniy, Alexan- 

JU - ^^^i-1 - J^t-1 Isldmhol 
and Mdmboliy^ corruption of 
Isidnhool (see also Mm). 

• • ^ ' "• " 

thod (see salaba). 

^^'u**l or >Ia*«1 - ^^\ iam, pi. cwwa, 
or cwamt, name. [y*--* 

^Sl A^ar* »wa;-7iooZ e7-wm, of name 
unknown, anonymous ; passive 

(JjxIa^I Ismdyeel, Ismail, Ishmael. 

iAuUw**! Ismdyeeliya, a port in 
Suez Canal ; a suburb of Cairo. 

Uu*) lend or Eaiidf a town and 
province of Upper Egypt. 

k^>M<l Attioot, a town and province 
of Upper Egypt. 

pL,] - ^*»#l asa, grief; isaa,remedy, 

wil a^hshara, he put a vtia upon, 

.j^vS id'shceff annotation, visa, 


( 7 ) 



>^^ yotaaalishirf he annotates^ 

^^^jjCtl eshkeen (Turkish), amble. 

^lill otf/mdn, alcali. [^ 

«x«l asbo'a (femin.)> finger, toe. 
(Jk>L^) is^aU (Latin), stable. 

J^l - J^l asl, pi. osool, origin, 
principle. [Jll 

J^l osool, principles, manner, 

^yA»>^ J^l 0800I wa khosoom, de- 
bit and credit. 

\SS A^\ asloh kida, (it was) origi- 
nally thus. 

*^Jjo\ asliy, fundamental, cardinal, 

Lot culdn, never. 

SLc] asdla, permanency, firmness. 

Jjo^t (i$ed, firm, strong, noble. 

^1^1 Aswan, Assouan, Syene; a 
fort and village near the first 
Nile cataract. 

i^J^I atlas, smooth ; satin ; atlas; 
the empyrean. 

5.11^ or iJio\ itdra or tdra, circle, 
round piece. [jjb 

K£j\^[t\ . Ul aghd, pi. aghdwdt 
(Turkish), squire, subaltern, 
captain; eunuch. 

^Jjom/c] Agostos, (European) Au- 

^1 adfa, calamity. 

ilJli^l or ^'J\ afranj or afrank, 

Franks, Europofius. 

^XjJ I or /y?^l afranjiy or afra/nkiy, 

^^t of soon (Persian), exorcism. 

^jcli' - ^^\ afaa, pi. afd'iy (fem.), 


/^Sil - jfil ofq, horizon ; ofqiy, hori- 

viJlil . CJlil ifk, lie, affdk, liar. 

Jyl ofool, sunset, decline. 

hsM\ - ^Sji\ efendi, pi. efendiya 
(Greek avdivrq^, through Turk- 
ish), a respectable person, Mr., 
Sir, Lord. 

Ijbjoil efeiideend, Our Lord, the 

J4jjiil efendlmiz (Turkish), Our 
Lord, the Sultan, or Khedive. 

^yj^\ afiyoorif opium. 

ii^ or X*^l or i?l ogg/z, weight of 

2| lbs. avdp. ; 400 dirhems ; 
1-25 kilog. 

Ijjj or auifjl or iuil oqqiya, ounce, 

1^ oz. advp.; 37i grammes.; 12 

^j^l^' oq-hoodn, pyrethrum parthe- 

jjJUl - ^►jJUl iqleenif pL aqdlceni 
(Greek), climate, province. 

iily^^ ^^i^ aqdJeem masriya, pro- 
vinces of Egypt. 

^yJl oqnoom (Greek), principle <^t 



( 8 ) 


^yl>l Oktober, (European) October. 

t\i^ or iX^I akkada, or wakkada, he 

strengthened, assured, inten- 

c3cm3 td'keed, a strengthening, 

Jla^I akeed, certain, firm. 


tyij< mo-akkad, confirmed, certain. 

J^ - Jf I akaia, he ate ; ydkuly he 

Ji vj faaA:X;a/a,it was eaten, eatable. 

Jfl afc/, or wfcZ, food, eating. 

KsJiSx^ mdkooldt, eatables. 

5KT adkila, itch. 

Jjfj or Jfl akkala (or vulgarly, 
wakkala), he fed, gave to eat. 

cX - J^' iUeel, diadem (see kull) . 

^%i ♦^l - j»i^^ akam, some, a few ; 

akam yom, a few days. \_^ 

J^l - Jl adl^ dynasty, possessor 
(see awl), 

^USc JT adl ^oamdn, Ottoman 

Mak^' jT adl el'khibra, professional 
expert. [J^l 

Cl;1 I - 21 adla, pi. adldt, weapon, 
tool, musical instrument, [iljl 

L^ C->5lT aaZa^ motriba, musical 

/^ST adJdiiy, musician. 
J I - J.I ooloo, possessors ; pi. of 
J\j - 11 aid, he failed in ; ydloo, he 

^J^. - ^ I aala, he swore off from 
his wife ; yooliy he swears ofi*. 

^Xil ceZa, a swearing off, a form 
of divorce. 

J I a/, or eZ, the, of the ; this. 

SI d Id, is it not? 

1'^ - SI iZZa, except; wa ilia, or else. 

SI,^^^*jJ Zai«a iHa, nothing but that, 
merely that. 

jJI iZ/f, (colloquial) he, she, or they 

^^1 - j^ jJI eZZazr, (femin.) ellaii, ho 
who, she who. 

,^1^1 . ^jJI ellazeen, (femin.) 

ellawdti, they who. 

d^'Jl.iiJl - ^;l^tiJI aldiwdn, pi. o/di- 

wdndt (Turkish, eldiven), glove. 

ill aliff the letter A. 

JSI - i_JlI rtZ/", pi. adldf, thou- 

2aJI or ijl t/f, or uZ/yt., intimacy. 

u-iyi or c-ijJI oZeef, or aloof, in- 
timate, friend. 

i«iJI aUqfa, he composed a book. 


«— ft>i U - t— AjJVJ td-leef, pi. tadleef, 
authorship ; composition of a 
book ; book. 

u-i!y^ mo'ollif, author. 

u-illil or i^\S t a- all of a, or eeta- 
Infa, he became intimate, fell 
in love with. 

iftllj^ or wiSLul eetildf, or mo-dlafa, 
intimacy, love. 


( 9 ) 


v^^ m aloof, intimate, conversant 

^G J' a lam yakon, was it not ? 
A] « J! alam, pi. aalam, pain. 

^^ aleem, in pain, painful. 
J\j idallamOy he felt pain. 

'•J^ almas, diamond. 

ijj'^l Alamdniya, German Empire, 

ijA . jil Hah, pi. adliha, a deity, 
false ffod. 

jdJl ^WaA, The God, Allah. 

aJJ^ 11 il) 1 /a ilaha lUd AUahu, 
there is no God but The God. 

jbtSI ilaha, goddess, female idol. 
ijjjbjll oloohiya, divinity. 
(JdU^I . ^^1 ilahiy, pi. Uahiydt, 
divine, theology, 

^^] Allahomma, Oh, my God I 
^lijjl . i-d i7ia,pl. iliatdn, buttocks. 

^<ll a/ai (Persian), regiment, 

^<11 ,-jL-« rn^an* aZai (Persian), 


j^ll ^;^*3^ maiddn aldi, military 

^1 - ^Jl Ha, to, for ; Haya, to me. 

^Ic ^ ^Jl iZa t(;a aZa, for and 

against ; pro and con ; credit 
and debit. 

^1 ^1 ila an, until that. 

S a' - a' am, or ; am Id, or not. 

cd'^^I . J umm, pi. ummalidt', 

W Wi 

iU^I . ^<«l iimmty, maternal ; 

omooma, maternity. 
iXiyi !|1 umm eUwalad, a slave who 

bears a child to her master. 
^Ul amdm, in front of. W"^ 

i^^ - aUI tmam, pi. ayimma, 

leader, king, priest. 

^^Lcl imdmiy, follower of the 
Im&m 'Ali, dissenter. 

^ . A«l umma, pi. umam, nation, 
people, sect. 

\zj\^^\ . 1«1 ama, pi. amau^a^, 
female slave. [^il>' 

sj^\ Omaya, the dynasty of the 
Omiadc Caliphs of Damascus, 

Ul ammd, but. 

U ^1 - tol immd (for m-md), if, 
when, or. 

^1 - Ul immd' aw, either, or. 

jj^ - A>i^' imtiydzy privile^jo, 
concession (see mayyaza.) 

S^\ amad, eternity, space of time. 

u- > .J amara hi, he ordered, com- 

-r*!^' - ^' (imr, pi. awdmir, order, 

jyc\ - ^1 amr, pi. omoor, affair, 

S^UI imdra^ principality^ ^<i%i <^^ 

( 10 ) 


SyUI amdra, sign, trace. [VJl] 

CLJJ^UI a/mmdrdt, the carnal pas- 

•^ir«' -^;^*' ameer, pi. ttwara, Emir, 

prince, chief, lord. 
^-}^ mcer (Persian for ameer), lord. 
ijJ^ ^r t]|^;A-,l ameeiiy, or meeriy, 

of the government, relating to 
government property. 

SrSriM^' ^-^^^y> government pro- 

^'^^1 Ameer el-hahr, Admiral. 
^2rcSI j^-«l ameer el-umard, chief of 
chiefs, a civil rank of Bey or 
Colonel equal to Meeri Aldi. 

^Ji\ jX^ meeri aldi, Colonel, a 

military Bey of the highest 

jyX^ mdmoor, an official with and 
under authority; prefect, di- 

i>ljy^ mdmooriya, office or place 
of a mdmoor. 

jAjS] iaiamara, he met in congress. 

^^J^ m,0'atamar, congress, con- 

Am^^ . (^/*^' ^"^8, yesterday (see 

jXJi^\ Amshcer, Coptic month of 

JUI - J^l amal, pi. admdl, hope, 

Jl«) amala, he hoped. 

L^^- LU'^yawo/,he hopes; 2/ooma/, 
j^ IS hoped, I 

J^V^ mdm^ol, thing hoped for, 
desire. [^^ 

lUvJ td-ammala, he thought over, 
gave his mind to ; hoped. 

ixUl or ^«l amn, or amniya^ 
security, safety. 

^UI amdn, mercy ! quarter ! alas ! 

iU' amdna, fidelity ; hence a 
pledge, deposit, cash department. 

^jX©l ameen, trustworthy; cashier. 

gjA-A^! ^^jkJu^ saiulooq ameeni, 
treasurer, in charge of the safe. 
^jjL^T admeen, amen ! 
<)uuL«! ameena, lime-kiln. [dJ^J 

^j^^I or ^^1 amina, or iaiamana, 
he trusted in. 

^^ ^^^ o-otomina fa-Widna, he 
was trusted and he betrayed ; 
legal phrase for " breach of 
trust,'^ ^ ahus de conjiance ^\ 

^*l ammuna, he assured, gave 

j^^U ^a-mee?i,assurance,guarantee. 

^1 admana, he believed in God. 

^j^VL*l istdmana, he asked for 
mercy, *' amdn *\ 

^UjI eemdn, faith in God. 

e;tMSl - fj^^ aimdn, pi. of yameeii, 

^^^A4j> - j^4jl aiman, right hand 
side, happiness (see yamcen), 

^J< vioo-min, believer in God, 

^j>ji^>i!I^Xet Ameer el-moo-minecn, 
Commander of the Faithful, 
the Caliph. 



( 11 ) 


^^U« mdnioon, safo (place or 
person), trusted. 

^^^ mo-ataman, trustworthy. 

<kx«l . iJJ^I Umawty, Omiade (see 
omaya) . 

^I or ^1 an, or anna, that ; in, or 
tuna, if. 

UjI - ^l^ ^1 tn lean, if; innamd, 
however, but. 

(^ (J c;) ^71 Zam yakon, unless. 
j^t anecn, groan. 

^^ - Ul ana, I; nahno^ (vulgarly, 
ahna), we. 

^jJr or .'jJl anhdr, bam, magazine. 

^Jjuiill - ^aJI anbeeq (al-amheeq) , 
alambic,^' chemical retort. 

UiJ^ -UL--JI ^fa (femin.),cn^t,thou; 
entomd, ye two. 

j^l - JLiI entom (femin.), entonna, 


lil - ^^' t^n^a, pi. inds, female. 

[cf. ^Ul 

Ul ^ j^^ zokoor wa inds, males 
and females. 

SJjo nitdya (colloquial for unsa), 

jlO anees, efiTeminate, soft. 

I annasa, he made feminine in 

jovj td-neeSf a putting into the 

jj^ mo-annas, feminine gender. 
^bJul unsiydn, the two testicles. 

]/Kil or \pisf\ Inghilterra, Eng- 

J^jlrpl Ingleez, the English (in 
general) . 

^jAsf\ Ingleezy, English, an En- 

Jlacc I Injeel, gospel, ^vangile. 

^^jjl ins, mankind. 

^^ ^ ^^^1 ins wa jinn, men and 

^^li - ^^W - ^1*mjI insdn, pi. nntw 

(or colloquially na«),man, Aowo; 
pi., men, people. 

^^^1 ^LJI tn^an eWain, pupil of 

iUiLJl insdniya, humanity, hu- 
maneness, culture. 

^y^ or SyyJ or >LJ nisd or niswa 
(or commonly ni«M;an), women. 

JumJI or , mJI uns, or unsiya, social 
life, domesticity, cordiality in 

yj^\ anees, tame, docile. 

,-J! annasa, he tamed. 

AmJ|^ mo-dnasa, mutual intimacy 
or cordiality. 

^*»JI unsiy, a medical term for 
inner, internal. 

jUl - »— il anf, pi. aanaf, n^se, 
point, anterior part. [^j^'a>o 
is I a am/, anterior, aforesaid. 

ajIjLmI istdnafa, he made a nose 
at ; he appealed to a higher 


( 12 ) 


i^llLfy* mu6tdnif, appellant ; mus- 
tdnaf, appealed against^ re- 

>|jjb^lii) inflooenzd (European), in- 

V,^,y| anooiismd (European), 

ijiUI midqa, beauty. 

Jil adndm, creatures, men. 

^Jy«j! onmoozaj (Persian), sample, 
pattern. [^'dy^i 

VJI and, moment, delay. [cf. ^1 

^v!L.I or -Jvj id' anna, or (more 
commonly) istdna, he delayed, 
acted with deliberation, waited. 

^JIL#I istdni {stdni) (imperative), 
wait I 

^y - ^Ul indf pi. awdni, vase, 

i'^l - ^1 adn, pi. adwina, mo- 
ment, season. 

^Xl el-aduy now, this mo:i ent. 

[cf. "iu 

Juib^ aA&a, preparations. 

L^ibl ahhaba,he prepared,c quipped 

(w«%>mJ ta-Ueeh, preparation, fitting 

Vw^Jl) td-ahhaha, ho prepared 

^Ul - JaI a J/, pi, ahtUf, a per- 
son, possessor ; capable of ; 
wife ; family (as a unit) ; pL, 
population. [iiS^ 

^-^^-^f (J*l a/il rl'daii, household. 

S^jde' JibI aid el'khibra, a profes- 
sional expert. 

^Ul aJdiy, domestic, native, ' in- 

iyJUbl aldiya, capacity, aptitude ; 
relevancy, relationship ; femin. 
of ahliy. 

SSjpi ^^i^ ahiUi el-balad, popula- 
tion of the town. 

Jjbl ahhala, ho gave (a girl) in 
marriage, married (her) to. 

Ja\J id' ahhala, he took a wife, 
set up house. 

XfM y ]UI ahldn wa sahldn. Wel- 
come ! ^^^j^ 
Jjtljuj^ istdhala, he deserved. 

[cf. J'^sL-l 

Jjtlju*^ mostdhil, deserving, meri- 

Jl^ifcl ihlcelij, ellipse. 

^I aw, or. 

^^yi - L/*Vj' ^.tvldsh, mob, ruffians 

(see W«/0. 
^^amIjI awdsi, large landed estates. 

TT^^ ^y, peak, apex, apogee. 
^j'^^I o^ag (Turkish), stove, hearth. 

4>ji - i'J^I 0(/a, pi. owad (Turkish), 
chamber, room. 

"^.'o^^l - !j..^l Axvroha, Europe; 
Awrohdiviy, European. 

•dj\ - «5*^^' oor(?i (for Turkish 
ordoo) , army-corps. 

ito^jl orta (for Turkish aJ.^ or/n, 
centre), battalion of Egyptian 


{ 13 ) 


Jy^^l oorgIu)ol, flute. 

CJj.«l oornak (Turkish); sample^ 


!fj or ij^\ iwazza (pronounced 
wizza), goose. 


^^1^1 - ij^^\ oosia, pi. auro^t, large 
landed estate. 

^^1 oda (Turkish), chamber, room. 

j;I*t^^ odah'q (Turkish), chamber- 
maid, " odalisque/* 

iw^l - Ss^} oqqa, oqqiya {see JufI and 


iXI ofcrti, handle, Lell-pull. 

Jji - J ' ^^ J^' ^^'^ attainment, 
becoming, anival; ad/a, he ar- 
rived ', yaool, he arrives. 

ii^\ ailoola^ a becoming ; title- 
deed from the Cddi, giving 
probate or inheritance. 

y^l - J I aa/, possessor, pi. ooloo. 

JjT adyUf arriving, resulting 

iSiyS - J^l awwala, he interpreted ; 
tdwecl, interpretation. 

^^\ - J.I awwal, (femin.) oola, 
first, previous, before. 

^ ilJI J^l awwal ambdrih, day 
before yesterday. 

J^yj J^XI al-awwal fal-awwal, one 
by one in their order. 

^^1 awwaldii, firstly. 

^1^1 or ^^1 awwaliy, or atowa- 

Idniy, first, preliminary. 
JJ|^I awd^l (pi:), Grst, early part. 

viUy or *X^I oo/a, or oolaylk, those. 


y^l ooteo, possessors [cf. ^LJ^I - ^^ 

h^^\ oolooiya, possessorship, right. 

ilj or ilbl iydla, or wilaya, govern- 
ment, province ; guardianship. 

JU maaZ, meaning, signification, 

^^^l au;a, he took shelter. 

^^^\ adwa, he gave shelter, re- 
ceived into his house. 

SljU or ^5^1 oowiy, or mdwdt, hos- 

^c^U - t-0^ mai£;a, pi. madwi, 
place of shelter, fixed abode, 

^y^ ^^Jo J^i rajVZ bidoon mdwa, 
a man without fixed abode ; 

<-f5 ' ^;il ibn adwa, jackal. 
^1 ai, that is to say ; i.e. 

^^)l or jjo ^<l ai n^am, or att4;a, yes, 

J aiy, what ? which ? what, 

U ^1 - ^ I ary maTt, whoever; 

aiy md, whatever. 
^i laiy, why ? 

bl aya, come along I 

k::^^ l^J aiyd kdnet, whatever it 
may be. 

CL>'«jT • SjI adya, pi. adydt, verso 
of Koran, a sign from heaven. 

Ul iyyd, particle prefixed to ^er- 
Bona\ -pTOTLOxma* 


( 14 ) 

»UI - ^<U I iyydi, me; I'yydh, him. 

tysmi wbl iyifdk n'abodo. Thee do 
we worship. 

i3j| aidf force, power. 

Jujl ayyada, bo strengthened, con- 

firmed. [jS\ 

iXJoU td-yeed, a strengthening, con- 

t— ft^lwiJl i»^' «^>^ td-yecd el-ImJcm 

el-mustdnafy confirmation of the 
sentence appealed against. 

4Su£^ mo-ayyad, confirmed. 

.LI Ayydr, Syrian month of May. 

jA air, penis. 

,f-jJ - ^^j| aisa, there is (used 
only in the negative form, laisa, 
there is not). 

»m^ ayasa, he despaired. 

j^IjI ?2/(i«, despair. 
. N«iT adyis, forlorn, in despair. 
iT'yy^ rtidyoos, despaired of. 
w ^rl for ^i^}} aish (for aiy shay), 
what ? what thing .^ 
^j^J hmh, for what ? why ? [^^J 
L^l aiddn, also, likewise. [^^ 

Jhi' %«^ stag. 

^s^' tT/i (for Turkish elclit), am- 

JJbl Ailool, Syrian month of Sep- 

Jjl - Z^\ ailoola, title-deed (see 
awl) . 

^jj ^^Ij) ay^dm, p] of yom, days. 

^1 ^j-« - ^^t ain, whore ? mm ai/i, 

whence ? 
^ t^ fi oin {fain), where ? 
Uobl ainama, wherever. 
^^\ eewdn, saloon, hall. C^;'*:!^ 
^^1 Ayoob, Job. 


Be. Value = 2, 
The letter p is wanting in 
Arabic ; it was added by the 
Persians, thus l-j, and the p 
sound in words derived from Per- 
sian, Turkish or European lan- 
guages, is written and pronounced 
as 6 in Arabic. 

^cJo - u^ hi (colloquial), sign of 
the present tense (see hiddt). 

L-J hi, by, with, in, at. 

jdlU hillaU, By God ! [alll^ . ill-J 
*^ *^ «^ 

j^^Aj bi-masr, at Cairo ; in Egypt. 


r hi-haqqihi, with regard to him. 
^AJ hi-7iidjib, because. 
, M-^'j bil-'aks, on the contrary. 
^ A^jLo malzoom bi, responsible 

for, bound to. 
-J -«1 amara bi, he ordered, com- 

^^ bism-illahi, in the name of 
^ji^^ ^^^ bi'ism el'Khediwiy, in 
the Khedive's name. 


( 15 ) 


^]J\ - c-^U bob, pi. abwdhf door, 
gate, chapter. 

^xj<i beebdn, gates, tunnels, shafts. 

j)^ bawwdba, large door, gate. 

«^ly bawvmb, doorkeeper. 

Xi Babd (Turkisli), father, old man. 

Jj Bdba, Coptic month of October. 

jtyb bdboosh (Turkish, pdpoosh), 

^L^^oj - ulAj bdfa, ho passed the 

night (see biydt), 

JsfC^Ki bddinjdn, aubergine, egg- 

Jj] - Jd beer, pi. abidr (femin.), 

,Ijj bayydr, a professional clearer 
of wells. 

JjjiU bdrood (Turkish) , gunpowder. 

ij^ L bdrooda, musket. [^^ 

i.U bdra (Persian, pdra), bit, 
piece, 40 paras equal one 
piastre, 2 id. [Lai 

|U baZy drum, tom-tom. 
M\j bdzdr (Persian, also pdzdr), 
market, bazaar. ^Oy*" 

j«Aj bdas, harm, calamity. 
j^Vi i Id bdas, never mind ! no 



U bdsh (Turkish), head, chief. 

^^U bdshi (Turkish), its head, 
chief of it. 

S^^ (j^V bdshrhdtib, chief clerk. 
^M#li fi^'^ haheem'bdsM, chief 
doctor, surgeon-major. 

L^^ c;^' on-bashi (Turkish), chief 
of ten, corporal. 

^*iU ;^ yooz'bdshi (Turkish), chief 
of a hundred, army captain. 

^J^\^ viJLb bing-bdshi, or bin-bashi 
(Turkish) , chief of a thousand, 

^[} bdsh-takhta, desk, chest 
of drawers. 

CL^^^Lttj . U»U bdshd, pi. bdshdwdt 
(Pers. pdshd), pasha, '^bashaw.'' 

m - Wb bat (vulgarism for ibt), 
armpit, a big armful, embrace. 

(.dHsU c:^^* taht bdtak, under your 

«^ . cb bd'aa, he sold (see beea*). 

c^ or cU bd'a, or 6o'a, fathom, 

stretch with both arms wide 

JU bdl, heart, mind, memory. ' 

CLUb ^Jld- khallee baldk, take care ! 
keep in mind ! 

^^jJil fo bald efendi, (Persian, 
bald, high), a civilian ofiicial 
corresponding in rank to our 
Right Hon., inferior to a ilw 
sheer or Vizier, but superior to 
a Farceq or Roumeli Beylerbey. 

jJSXj bdldsh (colloquial), never 
mind ! 

iy'j balta (Turkish), axe, hatchet. 

yU bdlo (European), bale; dance, 
' ball. 

ii^Jb baloza, pudding of sugar and 


( 16 ) 

iuL«lj hdmia, a small vegetable^ 
hibiscus f or abclmoschus esculentus. 

^Laj - ^b hdna, it appeared (see 
hey an) . 

^'>j 6dn, weeping-willow ; nut 
tree ; moringa. 

iuuJI or iij hetia^ or elhetta, of course; 
not at all. 

tu lattdn, for certain, decidedly. 

i hatara, he cut, amputated. [^ 
«x« - e'^or Jb &a^a' (colloquialism), 

of (see niata^), 
Jyb hatodf Virgin Mary. 

C-^ bassa, he prompted to evil, 
told a secret. 

Sju hasra, pustule, carbuncle. 

u>^ 6a7i^, pure in lineage. 

L^^ 6a7t9, inquiry, search for. 

r bahasa, he inquired after, 
searched for. 

L) bahasa, he discussed. 

jut».tju mobdhasa, discussion. 

K^^< mabhas, subject of inquiry, 

jlfl^l -j^ hahr, pi. abhdr, ocean, 
sea, great river, canal ; space 
of time. 

JjJJI ^ bahr en-Ncel, River Nile. 

JacSl^^ 6a/tr chaazam, Nile, or 
greatest canal. 

■^**'^-/^ 6rt7^r r««ti/^, canal of 
Joseph in Upper Egypt. 


^UaxiJI^flBT 6a/ir esh-shaitdn, Devil's 
sea, mirage. 
11 jtf; bahr eUahmar, Red Sea. 

6a7ir el'inotawas»it, 
Mediterranean Sea. 

: bahr moheetj surrounding 
iXJI j^^ ^ fi bahr el-modJa, in 

the course of the interval, 
g^^ bahriy, maritime ; a sailor. 

^JJ^^I *d-^l el'Wajh d-bahriy, Lower 
Egypt, the part near the sea. 

ij^ bahriya, naval affairs; sailors. 

d WW 

SpSt*^ i^ji barriy 'bahriy J amphi- 

S-AfiC bohaira. lake. 

L]^ bahrdya, depression, hollow 

place, sink. 

l,>flC or 5 jtf^ bahaira or boh air a. 

Delta of Nile as a whole ; 

especially the N.W. province, 

of which Damanhoor is the 

]jj ^ 1^ bahrdn wa barrdn, by 

sea and land. 

.^'o bdhoor, dog-days ; Sirius. 

^1^ buhrdn, crisis, delirium, 

d^^ balclity good luck. 

vj^^flC bakhcet, lucky. 

^ac bakhara, it gave out smoke, 

S^l - .lir biikhdr, pi. abkhira, 
exhalation, odour, vapour. 


( 17 ) 


• _ •• 

t^ac baklioor, incense. 

^y - S^b hdkhira, pi. bawdhhir, 
^ steam-engine. [^.jl^ 

^J tabaklikhara, he perfumed or 
fumigated himself. 

ac hakhs, very low price, mini- 
mum price. 

iI^^jlSJs: bakhsheesh (Persian), gift, 
" tip,'' reward, bribe. 

ijj^, - Jisr bokJd, avarice ; bakheeU 

j^ badda, he dispersed. 

«3j ) Za 6oiJ, no escape, inevitably. 

4> jj baddada, he squandered, made 
away with. 

«3JJaJ tabdeed, extravagance, mis- 
use or misappropriation of 

OJuUl istabadda, he became abso- 
lute, behaved like a tyrant. 


4>)JjlLm1 istibddd, absolutism, ty- 
ranny, autocracy. 

/^jljjuui-l istibdddiy, tyrannical, 

i3ouu*^ mostabtdd, tyrant, autocrat. 

Ijjbl or Ijj badd, or ibtadd, he 

»1jj or ^iij 6ecia, or beddya, a be- 

>^ 4>'j bddi, a beginning, beginner. 

^-<2li -^uf*^^ &<^^* cl-amr, the begin- 
ning of the affair. 

IjJuI ibtidd, a beginning. 

/^{*43Ju1 ibdddiy, preliminary ; first 


Juitjjul jl4.^^ar« maJikama ibtiddiya, 
court of first instance. 

^,^Jjuuo mvJbtadi, novice, a be- 

^^fc>lA^ - Ijulo ma&c2a, pi. mabddi, 
origin, first principles. 

Ijjl aidd, he created, put fjrth, 

..43j - jjj iaJr, pi. bodoor, full 
moon. [J3bb ^ yu 

jS) badara, he came upon, sur- 

.j'o bddara, he undertook, hastened, 
set about. 

ijd\x< mubddara, undertaking, 

ij^Sj baddra, basket, market- 

^c.^jj baddrif chickens; i.e. early 
hatched. Ltt^^ 

.Joj baidar (Syrian), threshing- 
floor, [^j^ 

i^jSj badn, early. 

cJjI or cJj bada^a or abda'a, he 
invented, started a novelty or 

XcJj bida^a, innovation, heresy. 

a^dj\ ibdaa, invention, imagina- 

«jjj badee'a, strange, eccentric ; 

J Jo badal, a change, exchange. 
^^ or ^ Sjj hadaldn 'an or wii». 


( 18 ) 




mSj badaliya, substitution ; fee 
for exemption^ ©•&•> from con- 

2jj ladla, change of linen^ suit 
of clothes. 

JiiJ baddala, he changed, ex- 
changed, substituted. \j^c 

JjJjJ tabdeel, a causing of change 
or substitution ; disguise. 

JjUJ or JjIj bddala, or tabddala, 
he exchanged, interchanged. 

SjIju or J^43j biddl, or mubddala, 
mutual exchange. 

JliSJuL*) istibddl, rotation or roster 
of officials on duty, change or 
relief of garrison or of time- 
expired mon. 

tt^W - iJ*V badan, pi. ahddn, 
trunk of human body, bulk. 

ii\Sf baddna, corpulence. 

JjJjj bddaniy, physical, corporal, 

^J^dl) bddinjdn, aubergine, egg- 
plant. [j*i^ 

hb\dJ (sjj baddh), baddha, sud- 

^^Jj badcehiy, obvious, evident; 

dJjS^ or ^S) badoOt or bddiya, desert, 
waste place. 

4^^*yj badawiy, Bedouin, desert 

Us; - Ijj Beddy or Bejd (Soudanese), 
The *' To-Bedawiyet " language 
of the native non-arab tribes of 
the Eastern Soudan — Assouan, 
Berber, Kassala, Suakin, 

•> - j^jj biddl (Syrian), a collo- 
quial unwritten expletive 
marking the future or present 
tense. This, in Egypt, is 
shortened into a simple b 
prefixed to the present tense. 

[see J^ 

(w^l v-^*^ ^1 ^'^^ ^>iddi aktib, I am 
going to write, I wish to 

<w^w^ Ul and biktib, I am going 
* to write, I am writing. 

u,i^mM bi'tashoof, you will see, 
you see. 

J.4JUJ bi-ya!milf he is doing, 

.ij bazar a, or badara, he sowed 
seed, threw down. 

..iij - iiij bazr, pi. bozoor, seed for 
sowing. [jjj 

jS) bazzara, he squandered, was 

J»ij bazala, he was profuse, 
lavish, generous. 

nS^ Jjj bazala jahdohyhe strained 
every effi>rt. 

^^Jj baziy, obscene. 

^ bin; innocence, virtue. [i|^ 

j\j}\ - .'o or -J barr^ or 6arr, pi, 
abrdr, pious, virtuous. 

.-JO tabarrara, he was or became 

..J - -J tarr, pi. boroor, main- 
land, land. 

1/^ ^ Uj bandn iva bahrdn, by 
land and sea. 


( 19 ) 


\jj barrd, or hurra, outside, out of 

^yj barrdniy, foreign, an out- 
sider,extraneous; false (money); 

^5pj harriy, wild ibirds, animals); 
of land. 

^Jiji - LjrJ harriy a, pi. hardri, 
desert, waste land. 

^^j^l el'hardri, the waste lands 
near the mouth of the Delta. 

Sj^-* - \H bard, he created ; yahro, 
he creates. 

'j^b hdri (God), the Creator. 

klfi - hji hariya, pi. hardya, 

-^^J haria, he was innocent, 
l^j barrd, he acquitted, absolved. 
\jjS taharrd, he showed his inno- 

? - 


J? - 

UaIm*) istabrd, he asked for exemp- 
tion j abstained. 

»ly harda, innocence (see 6era<). 
J^Lm i U 6araa sdha, innocence of 

status; legal term for acquittal 
of a crime. 

h^ tabriya, an acquitting. 

YjX^ moharrd, acquitted. 

"^ -J- " SrSr^ hariy, pi. abriyd, inno- 
cent. [*Jj 

ci.9yj or }i\j^ her at (innocence). 
Used in Turkish for a brevet, 
diploma, or royal commission 
from the Sultan, declaring that 
the holder is of high character, 
rank^ &c. 

j^juL*) istihrd, the purification of 

JkLjuo mohdrdt, mutual release ; 


^jj harhakh, small culvert for 

drainage or irrigation ; aque- 

\jj\ji - u^^ berberiy, pi. bardhrd, 

Berberines from theWadi Half a 

jjy) Berber, a town on the Nile 
near its junction with the 
Atbara River. 

\^^ Berbera, a British protectorate 
on the Somali coast. 

ijA hirba (Coptic), ancient Egyp- 
tian temple. 

^J^j^ bortuqdn, Portugal ; a Seville 

^J^j^ - iJ^ji bortamdn, or martar 
ban, jar, ewer. 

^yLj^ bariton (European), peri- 

^V^ - ^ji borj, pi. horooj, tower, 
"burg;'' a sign or constellation 
of the zodiac. 

_^ jjl JuikJU mintaqat el-horooj, the 
whole zodiac. 

viJli^l-p-^.^ borooj el-aflah, the signs 

of the zodiac. 

J^j hergel (Persian pergdr), com- 

— J haraha, it passed away. 

^ .IaJI eUbdrih {embdrih), the day 

that has gone, yesterday. [^j**^l 


( 20 ) 

dji harada, ho f olt cold ; he filed. 

J^ hard, coldness^ cold. 

Sju^j borooda, coldness, freshness 
of weather. 

idj} barda, a thick cloak. 

ij4)|^ bmrddiyaf a cooler, porous 

^1 J^ barddn, feeling cold in body. 
ty[i hdridj cold to the touch. 

Jjj} bareed, official name for the 
postal service; express, courier; 
four leagues. 

4>^ mibrad, a file. 

iLc«>^ hard'aa, humped donkey- 

idj-J bardoh (colloquialism), also, 

i^i^ji bardi, cyperus papyrus* 

jj} baraztty it came in sight. 

jji\ abraza, he showed, displayed. 

j^j) ?ioroo2;,appearance,conspicuous- 

: L bdriz, apparent, conspicuous. 

j\j}\ ibrdz, a displaying. 


i^j]/. - jlr^ birdz, sewage; birdziy, 
of sewage. 

rjj^ ^^^^^^^i isthmus ; space be- 

Xmj> birsdm, pleurisy. [i.Jb 

^»ju#^ barseem, clover, green fodder. 

>iji^l^ bardseemiy, seller of clover. 

^jij} barsh, opium* paste for 
BwokiDg; aphrodisiac. ' 

^j» borshy mat of palm-leaves or 

dJJiji barsheed, clods of earth. 

J^j> bursham, wafer; soldering. 

^^^^ baras, leprosy, skin-disease. 

pL^ — {jCj>\ abras, femin. barsd, 

^jCj) bors, house-lizard. [ijJls**' 

JjAs^ — i^ji bartala, he bribed ; 

barteel, bribe. 


J'Js9-j birtdl (vulgar), carrier, 

ic]jj bard^aa, perfection, excellence; 


c jJ tabarro^a, free gift, generosity. 

\SL^y\ % . CL?^y barghoot, pi. bard- 

gheet, flea. 
^Jy baraqa, it lightened ; barq, 


CL>L»/ barqdt, fringe ornament of 

«JILj . f-^W borqo'a, pi. bardqi'a, 

Egyptian woman's veil. 
r^-J^-j barqooq, apricot. 

^La* >1— Jj3 barqd misrd, anethum 

VilJy baraka, he knelt. 

viJ^j barraka, he blessed, con- 
iJjL^ bdralca, he asked God^s 


{ 21 ) 


CJj.^ harook, herd of kneeling 

iiji baraka^ or (in Turkish) bereket, 
prosperity, blessing, abundance. 
SSj} birka, pool. 

mabrook, or 

'J I 


mobdrak, blessed ; a euphemism 
for syphilis. 

J^j bergdr (Persian pergdr), com- 

j^j> barama, he twisted, 

j^j}^ abrama, he twisted, strength- 


^)jj] J j^A) naqd wa tbrdm, cos- 

A^-jL« mvhram, strengthened; in- 

mL} brdm, earthen pot. 

i^ barma (Turkish parmacj), spoke 
of wheel. 

i^^^ji bareema, a twist, corkscrew, 
screw, gimlet. 

fjj^ji barmcel, barrel, cask, 
i J^^ Baramooda, Coptic month of 

ULjf^ji Barmdhdt, Coptic month of 

^^f^ bumus, burnouse, cloak. 

i^iJOji bo^maitaj hat. 

i»_9 Jy barnoof, conyza dioscordut. 

hnj barha, moment, a unit of time. 

^jbj} barhana, he demonstrated. 

uji^^ji — U^/^ ^^'^^^'^y pl« bardheen, 
BTgnment, demonstration. [J^^^ 

:L -J barwdz (Persian 2^erwdz), . 

cornice, frame. 
f^j) bara, he cut a pen, whittled. 

^]^vo mibrd, pen-knife. [iyia^ 

yuJjl^ brotesto (European), a legal 

j]j) or :\j}\ —Jj bizz, pi. abzdz or 

bizdz, teat, breast. 

j^J-i — J^ bezz, pi. bozooz, cloth. 

^i bazar ay the seed sprouted. 

.O - f^ fti^r, pi. bozoovy seed for 

.5^ mabzooVy sprouted, a growing 

2^ or ^j) bazaqa or basaqa, he 
spat. [(JaJ 

icljuij or XjJjj bezcliyay green peas. 

^lji\ or ^ ij bizeem or abzecmy 

buckle, hasp. 

,i«j 6e«, enough ; that will do ; 
that is all. 

^jj'^ - ^^)j<^ bostduy pi. basdtecn, 
park, orchard. L^V^ 

^ja^'l»*j^ bostdnji (Turkish), gar- 

^UxLjj bastindjy ammi visnago ; 
tribulus terrestrls. 

jJ^^^ -7T^'*^ ^^^^i P^' bawdsecr, 
piles, hoemorrhoids. 

k^j basatay he spread out. 

LmjjJI inhasatay it was spread out, 
he was glad, amused himself. 

^yux^ mabsoot, glad, spread out. 
V3^,M*.xi\ mbi«ai, ^«tQL\i^^^» 


( 22 ) 


Lamj . )dL*j bisdt, pi. hosot, cai*pct^ 

fla***^ hasta, a landing on the stairs. 

^Ujj . ^^^ basect, simple^ easy ; 
hasdtay simplicity. 

(JawIj hdsil, good, pretty good, in- 

£'-Mi*j basdla, courage. 

ijJ^ or iU*wJ haseda, green peas. 

^1 >»gj bism-illahi, in tlie name of 


iUkAMjkii ci'bismila, the phrase bism- 

jiZj3 or j^ basaina, or tdbassama, 

he smiled. 

jLtlij bashdsha, cordiality. 

^^ bashara, ho skinned, peeled. 

s^^ij bashara, epidermis. 

*^yio bashany, epidermic. 

jL) basilar, the human race. 
^^^ bashariy, human. 

S^'Jto bishdra, good news ; 

^;#ij bashara, he rejoiced. 

.«t.) baslishara, ho announced good 
news; he announced the rising 
of the Nile. 

jjJij^ tabsheer, preaching the Gos- 
pel ; announcement of good 

J.-jlJJI j.jJL-yJi tabsheer en-Ncel, 

announcement of the rising of 
the Nile. 

y;i^ ^t/jf^eerj evangelist. 


JiKi bdshara, he undertook, set 

i^bu mobdshara, an undertaking. 

'i^\x^ mobasharatdrifdirect, without 

j^CX^ tabdsheer, good news; 
(Turkish) chalk. 

<xfiAj bashqa (Turkish), other, dif- 

^A^ basheen (Persian, pesheen), 
ready-money, cash. 

,^^^JLij BasUanSj Coptic month of 

^^jJLij bashneen, nympha^a lotus or 

^joi bassa, it shone, glowed. 

hoi bassa, a live coal. 

^Lfl^ bassds, eye ; spy. 

fjnk.^ basbasa, he courted, flirted ; 
looked for, searched. 

j^ basara, he saw, perceived. 

.Lfljl ^j^ basar, pi. absdr, eye, sight. 

^-fljJl V— i>A> Kafeef el-basar, blind, 
almost blind. 

^i Lfljl absdr ai (colloquial), '^ and 
what not,^' '' etcetera,^' '^ and 
80 on." 

i^^^ bdsira, the eye. 

iLxtfj baseera, intelligence, percep- 
tive faculty. 

s^ Basra, the town of Basra or 

Jjj or j^ifl^ basaqaj or bazaqa, he 

j'^ hwaj, spittle. [jj^^ 







iLoj - (J-^ basal, onions, bulbs; 
ha^ala, an onion, bulb. 

^4^!j - 4^ basama (Turkish 

bdsmaq, to stamp), he stamped 
bis seal on, imprinted. 

iub^ ba^ma, imprint of a seal. 

^y^i^ fnaisoom, stamped, imprinted. 

m^ ba^a'a, he cut into pieces. 

ht^ bida^a, some, a few pieces, 
a share. 

jf-o^ - Xc'-^ biJda'a, pi. baddy' a, 
goods, merchandise. [hix^] 

ijr^l y jfw^l «— f^jt zoroof el- 

bidaya* wa awa'ya, *' tare '^ of 
weight, i.e. the cases and vessels 
containing goods. 

k» batta, he flattened ; flat. 

]n]nK'0 mobattat, made flat, flattened, 

2Lj batta, wild duck. 

>Uaj - *i<W ^*^*> slow ; bitdf slow- 

Jaj bataha, he threw (a man) face 

Jaxi] inbataha, he lay prostrate on 
his face. [see ^aL* 


^aIoj or vaLj bateekh, water-melon. 
jLu baiara, he lanced an abcess, &c. 
ijLljj . j^i^ baitdr, pi. baydtara, 

veterinary surgeon. 
^-k-jLj ^H-A-C^ hakeem baitariy, 

veterinary surgeon. 

• Jai batrakh, dry roes of fish. 

s^yjai batriark (Greek), Patriarch, 

iij ii^, batasha bihi, he perse- 
cuted him. 

iiHo} batsh, courage, strength ; 
attack, violence. 

^iJc'Iaj batdtas, (English) potatoes. 

Jiaj batala, it was in vain, futile, 

JLj botila, it was spoiled, annulled. 

^Ik^ butldn, nullity, voidness. 

JJajI or Jiai battala, or abtala, ho 

J'isjl or cWajJ tabtrel, or 26/tt/, an 

annulling, nullification. 
ilLU bdtil, null, void. 

Ji^ battdl, bad, useless, altogether 

(J^Lj batala, he was out of work. 

2lla^ batdla, idleness, vacation. 

(Jkj batola, he was brave. 

iUaj botooloy heroism. 

(Jlsj or J'la^ battdJ, hero. 

3'^' J' ^^ m«?i cl'dbtdla, one of 
heroes, a liero. 

^•laj . ^^^ 6a^?i, pi. hotoon, belly, 
womb, hold or hull of a ship; in- 
terior ; section of an Arab tribe. 

^'j bat hi, internal. 

^Julaj batccniy, glutton. 

j^jjflj batt'eiif corpulent. 

il'iaj batdna, lining of clothes. 

j^kllaj or cL^bJUcj - ^U^ batdniyOy 
pi. batdniydtyOvbatdtecriy blanket. 

.laju or^^ bazar, or baizar, clitoris. 

^xfo ba^basa, he tickled, used 


( 21 ) 


jjjo boa'boa^, bugbear, bogey /^ 
K^to ba'ta hi, be sent, caused, 
c'j hiVyis, sender, cause. 

[ j«i^ - ^^^ 

yoU) mabaoos, person or thing 
sent, envoy. 

jjo ba'd, after. 

1 Jjo ba\ldn, or ba^dain, afterwards. 

iXiO bo^o^f, distance. 

43uAjo ba^yeed, far, distant. 

iXcljJ or t>£b bd^ada, or tabd'ada, he 
kept himself apart, separated 

«Xiul aba' da, he kept it apart, 

jUjI tbd'ad, a keeping (something) 

XjJ'joI iba'ddiya, or abaddiya, a 
parcel of land "kept apart'' 
from the land-survey, i.e. un- 
registered (originally) and free 
from taxation (1829); now it 
moansa country-house or estate, 
large farm. 

jUjijLwI istiba'dd, a being far from; 
distance from; a rejecting. 

J\jmJ - jifo ba'yeer, pi. bo'rdn, 
camel. [J^?- - *^)^^ 

fjcfo ba'd, a portion, some ; a 
certain one. 

aL^I (PQfU ba'd el' ay y dm, a certain 

jwsjo «^ ma' ba'd, with one another, 

Lijo U.^j ba'dnd ba'ddn, one 
another (of us). 

Lfl«j i»f^ badhojn ba'ddn, one 

another (of them), 
j^^ ^^^ ^^^ f> j fea c//iom ^aZa ba'din, 

one over the other (of them) . 
(Jjo 6a7, husband, spouse. 

£u^ baghtatdn, suddenly. [slac* 
j<-r^l^-ac*^ bagjawdnji (Persian 

bdgchawdn) , gardener. 
jljJo Baghddd, town of Baghdad. 

j'^y bdghdz (Turkish), throat, 
strait, channel. 

^j£io baghada, he hated; boghd, 

JUj - (Jjo baghl, pi. bighdl, mule. 

JIju baghghdl, muleteer. 

Jo bagha, he desired, oppressed. 

^Juub yanbaghi, it is necessary, 

^Jo baghi, iniquity. 

SSJo baghiya, aim, desire. 

»'jo - ^'j bdglii, pi. boghdt, wicked, 

rfii'j - iiij bafta (Persian bdfta), 
woven ; cloth, white cloth. 


Jf? baqq, lice. 

iac^ or iar»^ boqja (Turkish boqcha), 


^j0»i»SA> baqdonos, parsley. 

jh baqar, cattle, kine. 

.y - ijo baqar a, cow ; tor, bull. 

J^^ ^ lalim baqariy, beef. 

iiii; boqa'a, stain, patch, piece of 
land ; a district in Syria. 

J*Aj - J5i 6a}/, pi. boqool, germ, 
sprout, vegetation. 


( 25 ) 


JIaj baqqdly grocer. 

IjlSj baqldwa (Turkish), a sort of 
pastry, " g alette.*' 

S\m baqla, broad-beans. 

S\a} baqala, large boat, barge, 
dhow ; '^ bvggalow.'* 

Ji} baqam, red dye from wood ; 
campeachy wood. 

^jAJU - ^Jb baqia, it remained, re- 
mained over ; ydbqa, it remains. 

s\sij baqd, duration, survival ; how- 

^ISJt .Ij ddr el'baqdy Heaven, land 
of eternity. 

-jjilj bdqiy remaining, balance, 
surplus ; the Eternal God. 

uIa^ . ij3o baqiyOf pi. baqdyd, 
remains, surplus. 

^^^1 ahqa, he made endure, per- 

^^^ftjj ^a&ajga, it remained, remained 

dXjLj or fjjo Bey (Persian Beg; 
often written in Arabic as 
Baik), Bey, Colonel ; a civilian 
of the same rank as Colonel. 
There are three ranks of Beys: 

(1) Mutaviayiz, " selected ;" 

(2) Sdnia, a second rank, or 
Meer Alai, Colonel ; (3) Sdliaa, 
third rank, or Qdyim-maqdm, 

^ bakara, he rose early. 
S\f or iio bukra, or bdkir, to- 
morrow J dawn of to-morrow. 
1^ bdkirdn, early in the morning. 

T^iTj J^ bukra bdkirdn, early to- 
Sjj^b bdkoora, first-fruits. 

.KjI - X> bikr, pi. abkdr, virgin ; 

iXj bakdra, virginity ; hymen. 

Jb^ bikriya, primogeniture. 

ijj bakra, pulley. 

^yJlj bakraj (Turkish), pail ; 
cofi*ee-pot ; especially a pot 
with a lid. 

S^ bakamiy dumbness. 

>UG.^1 abkam,iQni,bakmdy^Mmb. 

^Jai - jio baka, or biki, he wept j 
yibki, he weeps. 

^\1» bukdy a weeping, tears. 

iilij - ^J\} bdki, pi. bokdt, a weeper, 

Jj 6eZ, but, on the contrary. 

^Jb beliy yes, certainly. 

Jj baZ/a, he wetted, moistened. 
JJbi* mablool, wetted, wet, soaked. 

iLiL baUdnaj a bath-woman, ma«- 

JjSb baldbil, anxiety. 

JjL - (JjJb bvlbuly pi. baldbil 
(Persian) , nightingale. [<w^ jJic 

Jb balahj fresh dates. ['^^'^ 

y^srvL) bolaikha. luteola tinctoria. 

^li^Jj or jL - iVb balad, pi. 6t7d/i, 
ovbulddn, village, town, country. 

iJjJL/ balda, a village. 

^^jJlj baladiy, native, rustic ; 



( 26 ) 


iuJdj iS\d ddyira haladiya, muni- 

(ilJjljt3JLj haladiydtah, thy com- 
patriots, fellow-townsmen or 

«3jL lalced, clown, rustic, stupid. 
idh baldda, stupidity, rusticity. 


jJL) balloar {bannoor), crystal, 

▲amL balsam, balsam, balm. 

^jLmJU balusdn, baUamodendron, 

"^Jb balldsiy, a species of earthen- 
ware jars made at Ballds in 
Upper Egypt. 

(jajih . ^h ballds, pi. baldleeSj 

same as balldsiy, 
]oij or Hab balta, or boZaf, piece 

of rock; paving-stone. 

^b or ^^ balta (Turkish), axe, 

hatchet. lir^ 

LJlj ballata, he paved; (vulgarism) 
he stopped work, cheated ; (the 
boat) ran aground. 

K^JuSc LJb baUata *aleik. he has 

•« • ' 

cheated you, kept back a deposit 
from you. 

LjJuJ tableet, a paving ; pavement ; 
cessation from work. 


kJb ballooty oak-tree; acorn. 
JJul or Jlj bala'a, or ihtaWa, he 

«jJIo - c^b bdlooa\ pi. bawdleea*, 

sewer, sink, drain. 
^ytJij hoWoom, oesophagus, pha- 

«JLj balagha, it reached, became 
adult, ripened. 

^JAL balaghani, it reached nie, I 
heard of. 

^ ballagha, he made reach, in- 

«Jlj bdlagha, he exaggerated. 

c^ boloogh, a reaching, arrival at ; 

puberty, a becoming adult or 

iJlj bdligJij adult. [minor ==^^©11 

cl-j baldgh, information, letter, 
news ; petition. 

cdLkJiLJ tableeghdt, information, 

«JUi« mobaUigh, informant. 

iji\x^ mobdiagha, exaggeration. 

«!lx« • «Ll« mablagh, pi. mabdligh, 
amount, sum of money. 

ith baldgha, eloquence, rhetoric. 

i K \} baleegh, eloquent ; severe ; 

«^^iJlj ^j>^ jorh baieegh, a severe 


ifij balgha, or bolgha, native yellow 

JJjb balgliam, phlegm. 

dbl - iJb balaq, piebaldness; ablaq, 

liL or ^JSj belki (Persian), per- 

haps. [Iaj . 

Sibli baldha, stupidity; naivete. 
aJbl ablahj stupid, naif. 


( 27 ) 


4^^!;^ - J^yb bloora and hloordwiy 
(European)^ pleura^ pleurisy. 

^Jb 6aZ{a, it became worn out, 
used up. 

^Ij hala, he was anxious, took 

^Jj^\ ibtala, he afflicted. 

1^^ or fti bdd, or balwa, affliction, 

bL • Juub baliya, pi. bcddyd, cala- 
mity, disaster. 

Jub baity a (colloquial), lazy. 

IaL J^^ ra/iZ baliya, a lazy man, 
good for nothing. 

i!IU« mo&aZaf, anxiety. 

i^J^J^ mubiala, afflicted, insane, a 
prey to. 

^U ball, worn out (dress, tool, &c.). 
JJi biinn, coflTee-berry. 

• • ft 

Jb Mti;, bang,'* a soporific, jus- 
quiame, c/uivfw^* — 

^/acu banjar (Turkish), beet-root. 

«>yb — 43Jb band, pi. bonood (Per- 
sian), paragraph, article, sec- 
tion; aqueduct, reservoir. 

jSX) bandar (Persian), town, sea- 
port, wharf. 

.43>u..| »M shahbomdar (Persian), a 
Turkish Consul. [J^^oJi? 

i^jJj bandiera (Italian), flag. 

^«3ii or ^JJb &iAn(2t/2, or funduq 

(Turkish), nuts. 
ijjJb bundug, Venedig, Venice. 


rj'Jb - ^Jub bunduqiya, pi. 6ana- 
dij, Venetian ; gun, rifle, wbich 
came to the East, perhaps ori- 
ginally, from Venice. 

^jiJj binish (Turkish), robe, loose 

j^ bansar, third or ring-finger. 

^Mi^ banafsaj, violet flower or 

i(^9yb - CJLb bank, pi. bonooha 

(European), money bank, bank- 
ing establishment. 

CJUb bing, or bin (Turkish), thou- 

_«^UJjb bing-bdshi, or 6in-6a«4i 
(Turkish), major, chief of a 

^Jjj - ^Jb 6ana, he built ; yabni, 
he builds. 

iuJul _ ^U) bind, pi. abniya, edifice, 
a building. 

xAc Ax) binddn 'aleihy founded on 
that, for that reason, therefore. 

^Uuu or Lib bindya, or bonydn, 
construction ; a building. 

JuJu binya, build of human body. 
ijuuJI jtJ qawiy el-binya, a man of 
strong build. 

•* . 

^jU* mabniy, built, founded upon; 
an indeclinable noun. 

JjjJb bonia (French poing^ poignet), 
fist, wrist ; a blow. 

^!lc |Jb-Jl inbana ^ala, it was 
founded upon. 


( 28 ) 



^Lb bannd horr, freemason. 
^JJUJ banian, Hindoo trader. 

_juo tabanna, he adopted a son. 

^j>\ or ^j) bin, or ibn, son. 

^Jb or ^j^yb or ^Ubl abnd, or banoon, 
or 6eni, sons. 

cl;U) - v^::^ or ibl tfrna, or 6m^ 

• • • / f 

pi. bandt, daughter, girl. 
^<yX} banawiy, filial. 

u-fti^ ^Jb jB<?ni Sooef (for Bf?nt 

Tt^it/^), children of Joseph; a 
province and town in upper 

^^T ^1 ibn dwa, jackal. 

U^ ^;jl ibn Hrs, weasel. {A^f- 

^jisti \ju\jo bandt n'ash, the con- 

stellations of the Great and 
Little Bear ; a star in the 
Great Bear. 

^'Jb (**^^ 'anab bandt ly, pipless 

JUb ba7inuni, pigeon-house. 

Xjj^jiJ — \^xj Benha, a town in 

Lower Egypt, capital of the 
Calioxihiya province. 

^U^ or vj:^^ bald, or bohtdn, lie, 

ei^Jb'j bdliit, pale, wan. 
Xjl^j bahdta, pallor, ancemia. 

iatf? bahja, gaiety, jollity, buxom- 

^^ix)] ibtahajaj he was gay, jolly. 

J J^ bahdala, he shook, ill-treated, 
used violence. 

jl^j bahdr, spice, condiment. 

.|j| abhar, artery; aorta, l^^f** 

yb\} bdhir, evident, bright, beau- 

]a^ bahz, heaviness, seriousness. 

laJtU bdhiz, a serious or important 
matter ; improper (conduct) . 

(jW ^^ Jf^ bihaq, dartre ; vitiligo, 

J^ bahhol, idiotic, foolish, silly. 

^]^ bahlawdn (Persia^n pehlevdn) , 
athlete, gymnast, acrobat. 

iUlfJ bahdma, stupor. 

^] abhama, he hid, left vague or 

A^\ ibhdm, doubt, incertitude. 

j^fx^ mubham, left vague, doubtful, 

>ibU or A^] ibhdin, or bdhim, thumb, 

great toe. 

^^j\ abham, inarticulate beast, 
dumb animal. 

^^ - ^E-SM; bafieema, pi. bahdyim, 
beast, cattle, "behemoth.'' 

Ijj bahd, beauty, brilliancy. 

^^ bailee, beautiful, bright. 

^-?!j - 4-^1^ J bawwdb, door-keeper 

(see bdb). 
^«j bdh, an appearing. 

^U abdha, he permitted, made 


( 29 ) 


S»UI ibdha, permission, licence. 

^Ijuo mohdh, lawful^ allowed; free 

i^\j bdha, a courtyard. [ioX^ 

Jb - ^Jj bokh, rottenness ; Idyikh, 

yUe, stinking. 

JU j-^^J-^ tazweer bdyiJch, foul 
perjury or forgery. 

j^ bbr, waste land^ ruin. 

JLa jyi bor sdlih, waste, but fit for 

Jj bdyir, waste, uncultivated, 

.|^ bawdr, loss, ruin. 

ijjj or ijyj bawara (Bnglisli), 
bower anchor. 

CL^I^ Bort Sa'eed, Port Said, 
^c^y boori (Turkish), trumpet. 

UJVy^ ^^^^^^^ (Turkish), trum- 

iby or ij^ booza, native beer, 
beer-shop; reeds. 

jy baoz (Turkish), ice. 

;y boz, muzzle, or jowl of animal. 

jp«:^ . j^ bawwaza (Turkish 

bozmaq), he spoilt. 
A^y or ^my) boo8, or boosa, a kiss. 

LJ^yi'l - lt'^ bdsa, he kissed ; 
yaboo8, he kisses. 

Xcy or i-y.^6oo«a( French," pouce^O, 

adsMiy or auuy bo^fa (European), 
post-office^ post. 

^jHyi bosh (Turkish), empty, non- 
sense, " bosh.'' 

^'^j' - ^y 6o«A, pi. owbdsh, mob, 

^_^y 6oo«, reeds, thatch. 

ij^ or iby booza, native beer, beer- 
shop ; reeds for seating chairs. 

cb or cy boa\ or bda\ fathom, a 

stretch with both arms wide 

jjlyl - yj^ booq, pi. abwdq, trumpet, 

^L) bawdki, colonnade, arches. 
fjyj bol, urine. 

J^ or Jb bdla, or tabawwala, 
he pissed. 

2Lx« mibwala, urinal. 

^<jCw Jy ?>oZ sukkariy, diabetes. 

Siyi booldd, steel. [(^.j^Jl^ 

ij^yj bolees (European), the 

i^jJLjJI i^^f****^ 'askariy el-boleeSj 
a policeman. 

i^y> boleesa (European), a policy, 
bill of lading. 

viJ^y bolook (Turkish), company, 

^Jy^l vil^^ bolook anieeni (Turk- 
ish), quarter-master. [J/^ 

^y - iUy booma, pi. 6oom, owl. 

ijy Ba-ona, or Ba-oona, Coptic 
month of June. 

jb or »y booh, or 6a A, copulation. 

by or hy} boy a (Turkish boy a), 
paint, Natm^, W^O«A\i^* 

( 30 ) 

•• « (t 

&-ljy hoydjij shoe-black. 
:l>\jj hiydt, a passing the night. 
mabeet, night's lodging. 

. v:d'o hdta, he passed the 
night; yabeet, he passes the 

house ; recess, pigeon-hole ; 
couplet of verses. 

iSjUjI ahydt, couplets of verses. 

cl^^aCUII er^uj hait eU* ankahoot, 
spider's web. 

ull c:i-%>j hait el-ma, water-closet. 

^U - Jl>«J! yJL>^ hait d-nidly sa- 
cred Moslem treasury for re- 
ligious legal matters, such as 
inheritance ; as distinct from 
the McUtya, or Finance. 

dJ^ or u:^^ heet, or heed, or haid, 
ruin, dilapidation. 

43JJ Jjlj 5ac2 i^e^c^, a bad part of 
the bank of the Nile or a 
canal ; the danger of scour- 
ing; whirlpool. 

*yj^ \j:^^^^j rost heed, a reserve 
bank, behind the threatened 
bank of a river ; a reserve, 
extra, a substitute. U^y^ 

Jj'jj hiydda (Persian piydda), in- 

^J^ hairdq^ (Turkish), banner, 

ijXi heera (European), beer. 

yj^ heesh, aconite ; a hole dug. 

ijc[A} haydd, whiteness, white of 
ejre, or of egg. 

\ax\ - tj^t^) abyad, femin. baidd, 

^^ajo haid, or heed, pi., white 
people or things. 

U^H hayyada, he whitened, white- 
washed; wrote out a clean 
copy. [t>^ 

(j^J^ mohayyid, copying clerk. 

v::^b hddet, (the hen) laid an egg, 

^^aJj - Lfljj baida, pi. baid, egg, 

U^^ - \s^' haidiy, oval; ma- 
heed, ovary. 

Jb) -^Uxu baitdr, veterinary sur- 
geon (see batara), 

^ heea\ or baia', sale. 

tXAjtU «^ beea' mona^qid, complete 
or perfect sale. 

jiU. or ^a:^ jjjJ beea* saJieeh, or 
jdyiz, valid or lawful sale. 

{jy^ or Ju^li «^ heea^ fasid, or bdtU, 

defective or invalid sale. 

ci;b «^ heea* hdtt, definite sale. 

^j^ jjj beea' qahriy, forced sale, 

f\ij^\ «^ beea' el-wafd, ^' vente h 
remere,'' '' pactc de racliat/* sale 
with option of re-purchase 
within five years; a species of 
mortgage or pledge. 

JJUlwHU ^ beea bU-isttghW, a 
*' vente i remere/' in which the 
seller (pledger) retains the 
enjoyment of the thing sold 

j-uj> . clj bda^a, he sold; yaheea* he 


( 31 ) 

t I" 

:Ui1 inbda^a. it was sold. 

Xxj . mili bdya, seller; hayyaa*, 
professional seller^ tradesman. 

juj beea'a. ancient name for a 

•• • ' 

synagogue or church. 
sU« mobda\ sold. 

uU^ mabeea^ sale ; place of sale. 

juu! li-m(ibeea\ for sale. 

j» • ' 

£iiilx« mobdya^a^ sale ; contract of 

IXa « (^Aaj tatAr^ a Bey^ Colonel 
(see Bey). 

j^UmmU or ^3^li*«;Ujb beemdristdn, 

Biiidmdriatdn (Persian) ^ hospital^ 

Jm beydn, declaration^ a shoyring ; 

^^Xfj - ^ bdna, it was separated ; 
was clear; ydbeen, it is sepa- 
rated, is clear. 

^ bayyana, he showed, proved, 
made clear. 

j^juJ tdbayyana, it was evident, 
was proved. 

2^1juumI istahdna, it became clear. 

J^\ ahdna, he showed; it was 

ji^ ^' i:;i^ bdyana, or tahdyana, 
it was different, distinct from, 
it differed. 

^ bain, separation, space be- 
tween; between. 

^^U mdrbain, that which is be- 

jkXxi bainamd, while that, during. 

^Jl} or ^b bdyin, or bayyin, clear, 

^^ bayyin, a witness. [jJtU. 

CL^Uuj . juuj bayyina, pi. bayyindt, 
clear proof. [cl;UJ1 

^^ bdyiuj irrevocable divorce, a 
divorced woman. 

^j^j^^jukj tabyeen, demonstration, 
a proving. 

^-juL-« mobeen, showing; clear, 

^Jxyo mobayyin, showing, proving. 

^U* mobdyin, distinct, separate. 


ej T^. Value = 400. 

JUJ - ci; ^i,come thou! {seeta'dla.) 

^U - cij h7ZaAi. By God ! 

i J - u-;'o ftifca, he repented (see 
idba) . 

CjylJ tdboot, wooden trough ; a 
kind of sdqiya, or water-wheel ; 
coffin, tomb. 

.UlJ tdtdr (Turkish), Tartar, courier. 
' y - -p.lJ <a;, crown (see tawwaja). 
.U ^ar, small drum, tambourine. 

S.lJ - SjlJ <ara, once, a time; tdratdn, 

at times. 
• .1 . ^ i'^ tdreehh, date, time 

when (see arrakha). 
}ij\j tdza (Persian), fresh, new. 
i>U tdya, reeds, rushes. [l^ 


( 32 ) 


djS - ifS tdyih, gone astray (see 
teeh) , 

avJ tdma, he was born a twin. 

'w<) J - ^ly tawdm^ twin ; faira- 

man, twins. 

c>Jo <i6e^, a kind of cloth. 

.UJ tabdr, ruin. 

^jJt.UJ tabdsheer (Turkish), chalk. 

jfcjj) or 9J3 or «jo taba'a, or ^a6a^a, 

or ittaha'a, he followed; was 
subject to, dependent, conform- 

«jjl atba'a, he made follow, sent 
in pursuit. 

«jUI tatdba^a, it was consecutive. 

f\j£\ - «jG ^a6a', pi. atbd^a, result, 

Am or cUJ - jjIj tdbia^f pi. tubbd^a, 
or taba'a, follower, servant, de- 
pendent, subject, annexe. 

•j^ - ho^>3 tdbia'a, pi. tawdbta', 
result, dependent. 

iuAjJ taba'iya, allegiance, nation- 

c^uU matbooa', king, master, he 
who is obeyed. 

«jIjlU mutatdb!a% consecutive. 

^-aJ tibn, chopped or threshed 

LiULi tabbdna, straw - market ; 
sellers of straw. 

^rsiu - ffif tajara,lie traded; yatjor, 
he trades. 

S.lflC Ujdra, trade, commerce. 

4^lflC tijdriy, commercial. 

^l^ "j^-^ tdjir, pi. tujjdr, trader, 

j^j^^ sir tujjdr, President of guild 
of merchants. 

j^U matjar, trade ; merchandise, 
subject of trade. 

jc^lrf — .Ikcl istildh Hjdriy, usage 
of trade, a trade custom. 

dCd-^ . }s}^ tujdh, in front of (see 
wajh) . 


^y . sU^I ittijdhj a turning to- 
ward (see wajh). 

taht, under, underneath, 

^vjk^" tahtdniy, lower, inferior, 

- ^(AfiC tohfa, pi, tohaf, a gift, 

tohaf, (in Turkish) funny, 

1 at'hafa, he bestowed. 

^aM< (Persian), throne, 

duac tahhta (Persian), plank. [-.^ 

,^y *iac takhta-bosh (Turkish), 
hollow planking, scaffolding, 

^Iji. juac taklita-raivdn (Persian), 
a palanquin for women carried 
by two camels one in front of 
the other. 

^^flC . ^ tolchm, pi. ioklioom, limit, 
frontier, boundary. [ 

h^ tohhma, indigestion. {.f^ 

( 33 ) 



hji\ - «-J|I/ iorib, pL atriba, mould, 
soil^ earthj dust. 

iju]j3 tordbiya, grave-diggers ; 

L-y - hS torba, pi. torab, grave, 

tomb. IjfS 

\^j^i ierbas, bolt of a door. [<u^ 

^1 tarjama, he translated, in- 

i4jf^ tarjama, translation ; bio- 

^Uu9^ tarjumdn, dragoman. 

4^^Jl« mutarjim, translator, inter- 
4^jU mutarjamj translated. 

-c;KJ tardzi (Persian), scales, 
balance. lijjj^ 

^mJ^I - ^^j*^ turs, pi. atrds, round 
buckler ; tirs, a wooden cogged 
wheel of adqiya. 

^-yl!Lo - KJV^ mitras, pi. matdris, 
rampart, trenches. 

^-pKJ tarrds, one who lets donkeys 
on hire as beasts of burden. 

LJV^ 3 KJl/" ^^^ ^^ taras, a term 
of abuse. [(j-^««^ 

JIcULJI Ji) - A}UmJ tersdna [origi- 
nally the Arabic phrase ddr eg- 
scmda'a, which passed into 
Europe and became tersana 
and dar$e, and has returned 
as an apparently Italian word], 
dockyard, arsenal. 

qJS - ic^ tira'a, pi. tora^, canal. 

Cj\^ - Qj\S tdria\ pi. taivdria\ 

cadastre ; the ordnance survey. 

li^ tirfa, a delicacy, early fruit or 

2^1 tarqoa, clavicle, collar-bone, 

viJj^l - {Jjji turJe, pi. atrdk, used 

in Arabic to signify Turk ; 
but the Turks only apply the 
word to Turkish peasants or 
Turcoman Nomads, and call 
themselves Ottomans, 'Osmdrdi, 

^y tv/rkiy, Turkish. 

v^J^ taraka^ he abandoned, let go. 

^JjjS tark, abandonment. 

^JS tdraka, he left alone (mu- 
tually) ; made a truce. 

K^lto mutdraka, truce, mutual 

Cjj^yU matrookj abandoned. 
iiy tarika, legacy, inheritance. 

fj»*>^ tvrmis, lupin, lupinus termis. 

Jy turunj, large lemon. l^jy^ 

{j\y tirydq, (Greek), antidote, 
electuary; ancient elixir. 

«A*jj tosa', one-ninth part. 

«amj - hui»!3 tiaa^a, femin. tisa^ nine. 

^^^>«mJ or^yiMiJiwa^ooM, or tisa'een, 

U^U (•y. 

( 34 ) 


vcmwIS w. yom ^(wooa^a, ninth day 

of Moharram. 

^^^/^ Teshreen, Teshreen I. and II., 
Syrian months of October and 

j<^3 Tishri, Jewish month of 

v...^' ta'iba, he was tired. 

C^l ataxia, he made tired, 
wearied, bored. 

Ijul - v*j^^ ta'ab, pi. ata'db, 

«>Ui1 ata'db, a polite word for the 
fees of a professional man, 
lawyer, doctor, &c. 

^Uio ta'bdn, tired, [snake = ^Jjjo 

iw^cli^ - <w^w'U mata'b, pi. ma- 
ta'yib, annoyance. 

i*wl«o or ii**JO fa'«, or ta'dsa, ruin, 
upset, muddle. 

1: - Jj3 a1!I . Jl« <a/(i/«, in the 
phrase Allah ta'dla, God ! how 
groat He is ! (see a' Id), 

Jl - ci^ - (JUj ta'dla, come thou ! 

for the imperative ti of afa, he 

tajpa, he spat. 
JiJ tafaJa, he spat. 

'^ tofjah, apple, apple-tree. 
^ iiqn, nature ; intelligent. 

^Sj! at<jana, he perfected, made 

^U;*) ?7^^i«^ perfection, solidity. 

^^yCU mw^jan; perfected, perfect, 

^^ - ^jaI or ^^ ^oga, or taqwa, 
piety, fear of God (see waqa), 

^jBij taqiy, pious. God-fearing. 
^c^ taqdwi (Coptic P) seed corn. 

^Jo taqqa (provincial), he sowed 

i^sio or h^ taqiyay small cotton 
cap worn under the turban. 

iuC oraio tehe, or tekiye (Turkish), 
dervish monastery or asylum. 

iSd or iCj tiJcha, or dikha, waist- 
band; string for fastening 
skirt or drawers. 

iij^ " lJJI^' taJcrooriy, pi. takd/rna, 

Black or negro pilgrims from 
Central Soudan. 

^K^S - i)l«io takmiliiy complement 
(see kamdl). 

oi/ - e;^:^ takween, Genesis (see 

JIU JJ tell, pi. <//a/, hill, mound. 

ji^ySJ] JU' e^/t7Z el'kabeer, the 
Great Hill, on the edge of the 
desert, E. of Zagazig; battle- 
field of 13th September, 1882. 

jj^ - joJG or jJii" telcd, or teleeJ, 
birthright (see walada). 

jl^ - jjj /a//^, she bears a child 
(see walada) , 

u-ilJ ialifa, it perished. [viAl^ 


( 85 ) 



v.-iU taXafy ruin, waste, destruc- 

CL»ljtt\> talafiyat, losses in battle, 
or from fire, &c. 

u-ilJl aUafa, he ruined, destroyed. 

v^y . ^U tdlifa^ pi. tawdlif, 
waste lands. [.y 

^-5) - -^UlJ ^i7^a, in front of (see 
laqia) . 

Ss*J6 >l5lJ ^^ mm tilqd nafsihi, of 
his own accord or right. 

lLXIj - CAl? ^I'ZA;, femin. of zalik, 

Stk«2tJ - JJi^ talmeez, pi. taldmiza, 
pupil, disciple. 

j^ « iJ ^a/a, he read aloud ; yatloo, 
he reads aloud. 

Sj]1J tildwa, a reading aloud. 

^Jli ^oZm, it was read aloud. 

iJ taldy it followed, came next. 

^U tdii, the next, the following. 

^131 ^^1 el-yom et-fdliy the next 

JUJ tatala, it was consecutive. 

^JIjuLt mutatdiij consecutive. 

J? tamma, it was complete, came 
to an end. 

^1 or ^ tammama, or atamma, 
he completed. 

aUJI or ^«MMJb tatmeein, or itmdmy a 
making complete. 

^a^me^nta^ amulet ; comple- 

^UJ famdm, all right ! complete, 
completeness; geometrical com- 

^l^jiiU bit'tamdm, completely. 

Jj tdmm, complete, entire. 

(JjU - JUUS timsdl, image, statue 
(see misl) . 

jy4^ - .aJ tamr, pi. tomoor, dry 

date. [cf.^^ 

J^jJub^^ /(r7/tr kindly, tamarind. 

jy^ tammoozy Syrian month of 

-.L*>«J timsdh, crocodile, hypocrite; 
name of a lake in Suez Canal. 

^J^ - l*»Uo tamdshd, promenade, 
sight-seeing (see mashn) . 

ii^J or JJU) tamglia (Turkish), 
often written and usually pro- 
nounced damgha; official stamp; 
bill stamp. 

iAA) ^J.^ tvaraq damgha, stamped 

paper for petitions and official 

J^* tamal (Turkish ?), basis, per- 

^JlUj tamalli (Turkish), always, 

ii.^jub tanhoorn, lute, guitar. 

CJ'jub or \jjj<\j tunhak (Persian), 
tobacco ; Persian leaf tobacco 
for narghilehs. 

Jjub tanbal (Turkish), idle, lazy. 


jJ3 tannoor (sometimes pronounced 
tandur), brazier, oven ; mutton 
cooked, m \Xi^ cv^^tl^ 


( 86 ) 

Kju tanaha (Turkish), tin- ware; 
metal pot. 

ciiy - u^.^ tanweeh, the final sound 
of n (see noon) . 

vliUft . K1|J tahlika, danger^ ruin 
(see halaka), 

i«l|J Tahdma, lowland coast of 

▲ib^ . ^3 tuhma, accusation (see 
wdhama) . 

^1 or ^1 at'hama, or ittahama, 

he prosecuted or accused before 
a criminal court. 

aV' ittihdm, indictment^ an 



j^ or ^« muttaham or mut-luwi, 

the accused man^ prisoner at 
the bar. 

ly tawwd, now, simply, merely ; 

Ly f^6a, penitence to God [^jj . 

SJ>yb - c->'J <a6a, ho repented; 
yatoob, he repents. 

u^^JU tdyib, penitent. 

csjy <oo<, mulberry, mulberry-tree. 

C^y Too^, Coptic month of Sep- 
tember, beginning the Coptic 
year, Sept. 11th. 

bJy toot yd, zinc, zinc ore. 

Jy or —y ^ooj, or <u/y, bronze. 

-p,y tawwaja, he crowned. 

^yb tatweej, coronation. 

^j^l^ - ^ tdjj pi. teejdn, crown, 
diadem; largo iu2*ban. 

il^y idra, Pentateuch, Mosaic law. 

Ay or ^y ^/n, or fA^m, garlic. 

\j^^ ioonuBy Tunis; coarse rope 

of palm-fibre. 
j^ ioA/ydr, strong current of river. 

Kj^y^ - L/^ iaia, pi. toyoos, he- 
goat, buck. 

2ljJ - JijJ ^eeZ, or feeZa, jute, hemp ; 
whip; flogging. 

.UjJ teemdr (Persian), care of 

E^UuJ teemdrji (Turkish), hos- 
pital attendant. 

^ teen, figs, fig-tree. 

tJy*' c^ '^^^ ^/i^fciy* prickly pear, 
cactus fruit. [^;W^ 

jyj <eeA, error, going astray. 

ayjb - »ll <aAa, he strayed ; yatceh, 
he strays. 

aJU <ay/A, gone astray (animal). 


CU r//(i. Value = 500. 

Th, as in ^' think/' but usually 
pronounced « or t, without any 
fixed rule. 

uJjIaJ or cJb thdbaj or tathdwaba, 
he yawned. 

.vJ ^Aar, vengeance. [Jii 

vj:^ sabata, it was firm, proven. 

jjI or OJ^j sabbata. or asbata. 
he proved. 


( 87 ) 


CL>UI or iJLJyfS soboot, OP isbdt, 
proof, proof positive. 

CL^UUJI tshdtdtj good proofs. 

UL^lj^o^i^^ proved^ firm^ enduring; 
real property. 

^■^'^T^* ^^l^.^-^'* masboot, or mosahbat, 

iijuji J ^ap« moAo tra t85a^^ erasure 
and substitution. 

li^ or ^Jc tiJehan, or tohhoona, 

thickness. [^^^ 

^j^Aac ^aMeeit^ thick, gross, coarse. 

iJlic takhdna (for tohhoona) , thick- 
ness, calibre. 

)«Vj thadd, it bedewed. 

^liVJI - ^^^ ^Aody, pi. aiAda, 
woman's breast. [^ 

^Jj thadiy, mammal. 

Sj^ sarwa, wealth. 

\ZJ Turayyd, the Pleiades ; chan- 

^^UJ - ^U«J iho^bd/n, pi. tha'dbeen, 
snake. [iS^. 

VJW - iwJUJ tha'lab, pi. Ma'oZtfc, 

y^ "J^ ^AagfAr, pi. thoghoor, front 
teeth ; sea-port or frontier 


thaqaba, he pierced, [c....^ 
thaqb, pi. thoqoob, 

JiJ ihaqola, it weighed heavy. 

JlSJ) - Jii WgZ, pi. a/gaZ, weight, 

JoAj taqeel, heavy, unsympathetic. 

JjiUU . JUjU mitqdl, pi. matdqed, 

standard weight ; also li dir- 
hems, 72 grs. Troy. 

(JSilm] istasqala, he found it heavy, 

jfjj - iaJ %a, worthy of confi- 
dence (see wasvqa). 

J tfdt, or 5t(Z5, one- third part. 

ijL>iS . iuij taldta, femin. taldt, 

^^U or ^JJU tcddtoon, or taldteen, 

LlJU ^(iK^, the third in order. 

Vj]ljtll A*J> y^ et'taldtd^ Tuesday. 

* ^J tallata, he tripled, cubed. 

mutallat, tripled, cubed, 

^JU toldtiy^ a triliteral root. 

«.l^^i; /aZoof, the Holy Trinity. 

^JU svlsiy, an ornamental style 
of handwriting for official docu- 

C^j^JLu tathlceth, a tripling, cubing, 


Jb talaja, it snowed, froze. ** 

iJ ^aZ/, snow, ice or frozen snow ; 
an ice for eating. 

Ji tilim {talm)f furrow in plough- 

Ji thumma, and then. 
.UJI - yw tamaTy pi. aimdr^ fruit. 


( 88 ) 



-«jl atmara, it was fertile, bore 

.4JU mutmir, fruitful, productive. 

^40 tumn, one-eighth part ; a 
parish or district in a town. 

^Uo - ^'"•'•^ tamdniya, femin. 
tamdni, eight. 

^juUo or e^y'*'*^ tamdnoon, or 
tamdneen, eighty. 

^^'o tdmin, tbe eighth in order. 

^jUj] - j^4o fa man, pi. atmdn, 
price. [^^^ 

j^>#j fammana, he estimated, fixed 
a price. 

^jjLAjb taihmeen, valuation, ap- 

^4oU or *j;X4j fameen, or mutmin, 


uJ) . ^Jo thiny, pi. othnd, a fold, 

^ub JiJ ill ana, he bent; yathni, 

he bends. 

^juLil inthana, it was or became 
bent, swayed. 

^JuuUil istasna, it formed an ex- 

UjuLmI istisnd, exception. 

1.xumk« or ^JjuJUii 7stisnauj, or 

mustasnd, exceptional ; ex- 

ijojl - \iJ sand, pi. asniya, praise. 

^jb sanna, he praised ; used the 
dual form. 

VJbl esnd, during, midst. 

CJllj ^^ tJ fi e«^^ 2aZtfc, in the 

^jjol or ^Ijbl etndn, or etnain 

(masc.)» two. 
^^^jjub or f^yJ^JJo^ or ^j^UjLJI 6^^nafan, 

or etnatain, or tintain (femin.), 

^^jjbSI w. 2/<^^ ei'dnain, Monday. 

^JU /(im, the second in order ; 
another, other, next. 

^y ^[i tdni yom, next day. 
^jjo'jjl H'tdnyoen, the others. 
/VJU tdnawiy, secondary. 

. A 

JuU motanna, dual ; the dual 

^#iM« J'o <(moo masha (colloquial), 
he turned and walked away, 
he walked back. 

hujj tathniya, Deuteronomy. 
v«^y tob, a robe, toga, garment. 

^UJ or I >IJI aswdb, or ////a/), 


«>1J thawdh, reward of merit. 

«. J sora, uproar, revolt, agitation. 

ij^\jC X.y fiora 'ardhiya, Ardbi's 


J A) - j3 ifdra, it was excited ; 
yasoor, it is in a state of ex- 


( 89 ) 


JS] ctsdra, he stirred up a revolt, 

iJU smfira, a state of excitement^ 

y}Ji3 tatweer, a driving mad, excit- 

^J\jj^ - .y f^r, pi. teerdn, bull ; 
Ta/u,i*U8 in the zodiac. 

Ay torn, garlic. 

v».-oj fifiyyib, legal term for a 
woman who is not a virgin. 

(Or colloquially G hard, as in get,) 


Jeem. Value b 3. 

p^^ - V^ jd (ghS) he came ; yiji, 
he comes. 

^ jum ighum), they came (vulgar- 
ism for jaoo), 

JU. jdiy, a comer, coming, future, 
next. [ci;l 

jcW ^JJI j^\ esh'shahr illi jdiy, 

the month which is coming. 

^^ar* majij arrival, act of coming. 

u^W jdh, he came with, brought. 

v-^>^flC yajeeb, he brings. 

]a - .1^ jdr, neighbour (.see 

4/;'^ - hj^ J^^'y^' P^- jawdr!, 
female slave, 

». • jU- Jarr, he who pulls (see 

^Im - i>j^ jdziya, horizontal 
upper beam of sdqiya, 

u^y^ - Lrr^W- jdmoos, pi. 

jawdmees, buflfalo. 
<^L>- - t^^l*- jdwaha, he answered 
(see jawdb) . 

j]a -jiU- jdyiz, lawful, licit (see 

jawdz) . 
»l*. JciA (Persian), honour, majesty. 

^<^^^^ jabba, he lopped off, castrated 

(w^^ Jt/fct, well, pit. 

iud- jubba, loose outer robe. 

<^yk3r« majboob, complete eunuch. 

jX»^ jabara, he forced ; cut ; set a 
bone, put the pieces together. 

jAji^ jabr, violence, pride ; cutting 
of a dyke. 

JL&-I ajbaruy he forced. 
^^^j{^ jabriy, forcible, violent. 

^,jf^ Sy qowwa jabriya, main 

force, arm of the law, ^^ force 

^jfa^^ Ac 'i'lm el - jabr, Algebra, 

science of putting fractions 

Xj^jabbdry violent, proud, tyrant, 
giant ; constellation of Orion. 

jkAar* majboor, forced ; a set bone. 

jj^ mojahhir, bone setter, quack 

JjJLjl>- Jabrdyeel, Angel Gabriel. 
{J[rt^ J^brdn,mein's name, Gabriel. 

( 80 ) 

^by hoydji, shoe-black. 

CL>^JL^ biydt, a passing the night. 

mabeet, night^s lodging. 

H^ouj . CL>*o Idta^ he passed the 
night; yabeet, he passes the 

house ; recess, pigeon-hole ; 
couplet of verses. 

csjLjjI ahydt, couplets of verses. 

clj^aGjJI vj:^uj halt el- anhahoot, 
spider's web. 

ull k:s^o^ halt el-md, water-closet. 

iuIU . JI4JI (Ji^ji tat^ d-mdl, sa- 
cred Moslem treasury for re- 
ligious legal matters^ such as 
inheritance; as distinct from 
the Mdliya, or Finance. 

43JLJ or CI^JD beeL or Jeecf. or baid, 
ruin^ dilapidation. 

43JJ jJU bad beed, a bad part of 
the bank of the Nile or a 
canal ; the danger of scour- 
ing; whirlpool. 

JJ^ ^^^^^^jij ^^*^ heed, a reserve 
bank, behind the threatened 
bank of a river ; a reserve, 
extra, a substitute. [.^„)^ 

iSj^ biydda (Persian piydda), in- 

^J^^ bairdq (Turkish), banner, 

ijjj beera (European), beer. 

^j^ beesh, aconite ; a hole dug. 

U^^ tayorf, whiteness, white of 
^J^e, or of egg. 

ViLO _ fj^t^y abyad, femin. baidd, 

fjdijo baid, or beed, pi., white 
people or things. 

U^^, hayyada, he whitened, white- 
washed; wrote out a clean 
copy. [4>y^ 

(jolx^ mobayyid, copying clerk. 

(jl^'w^ bddet, (the hen) laid an egg. 

^^;dJj . Lojj baida, pi. baid, egg. 

ij^J^ - ij-^ baidiy, oval; wa- 
beed, ovary. 

Jq} - i'^JajLj baitdr, veterinary sur- 
geon (see batara). 

«^ beea*, or baia', sale. 

tXAjtJU «^ &e£?a' mona'fuJ, complete 
or perfect sale. 

J-^^ or f^jsf^ %j^ beea^ aaheeh, or 
jdyiz, valid or lawful sale. 

JJob or Ju^li «^ beea^fasid, or {^d^t/, 

defective or invalid sale. 

ci;b «^ beea' bdtt, definite sale. 

^^^ j-o teea' qahriy, forced sale, 

fM^\ «^ 6eea' eUwafd, " vente h 
remere/' ^^ pade de rachat/' sale 
with option of re-purchase 
within five years ; a species of 
mortgage or pledge. 

JSjcLmHIj tt^ beea bU-istighldl, a 
*' vente i remere/' in which the 
seller (pledger) retains the 
enjoyment of the thing sold 

«jjo . cb bda'a, he sold; yabeea^ he 


{ 31 ) 

cLJl inbda^a, it was sold. 

cllj - «Jli hdya\ seller; bayyda', 
professional seller^ tradesman. 

huj beea'a. ancient name for a 
synagogue or cliurcli. 

cU« mcbda', sold. 

«^!uu maieea', sale ; place of sale. 

%j^ li-maheea^ for sale. 

2ffjljt« mo&d^a'a^ sale ; contract of 

ilXi « ^^A^ baiA:^ a Bey, Colonel 
(see Bey), 

^sLm^Lo or ^ULm^Ujlj beemdristdnj 

Andmdrisidn (Persian) , hospital, 

^Uj ieyon, declaration, a showing ; 

^^^JUL> . ^Jj bdna, it was separated ; 
was clear; ydbeen, it is sepa- 
rated, is clear. 

^jj^ bayyana, he showed, proved, 
made clear. 

^j^aaJ iahayyana, it was evident, 
was proved. 

^Ijuum) istabdna, it became clear. 

^U1 obana, he showed; it was 

jijd^ ^^ c;*'^ iayana, or tabdyana, 
it was different, distinct from, 
it differed. 

^^ iatn, separation, space be- 
tween; between. 

^^U md-hadn, that which is be- 

UJUi hainamdf while that, during. 

^ or jjJli bdyin, or bayyin, clear, 

^^ hayyin, a witness. [»3Jbli 

cdUuj - iuuj bayyina, pi. bayyindt, 
clear proof. [cl^UJI 

jjSj bdyin, irrevocable divorce, a 
divorced woman. 

^-j^-julJ tabyeen, demonstration, 
a proving. 

j^-JUL-« mobeeuj showing; clear^ 

^Ji>x^ niobayyin, showing, proving. 

^Ijuo mobdyin, distinct, separate. 


CL> T^. Value = 400. 

JUJ - CL.) <i,come thou! (seeia'dla,) 
^U - cLi <t7ZaAi. By God ! 

hJ - u..)^ tdba, he repented (see 
< J6a) . 

Cjyij tdboot, wooden trough ; a 
kind of sdqiya, or water-wheel ; 
coffin, tomb. 

.Ij'o tdtdr (Turkish), Tartar, courier. 

' J - -.Ij taj, crown (see tawwaja). 

j\j tdr, small drum, tambourine. 

».lj . 'ij\j tdra, once, a time; tdratdn, 

at times. 
• .1 . pi'-* idreekhj date, time 

when (see arrakha), 
xjlj fa^a (Persian), fresh, new. 
i)U tdya, reeds, rushes. [ljc» 


( 32 ) 

«• • 

JuS . 4J^J tdyih, gone astray (see 
teeh) . 

S3 tdma, he was born a twin. 
'<-<)•! - J^ iawdm, twin 5 tawd- 
mdn, twins. 
Ci^jo tibeL a kind of cloth. 
.UJ tabdr, ruin. 
^xi»UJ tabdsheer (Turkish), chalk. 

«jo1 or «^tj or «jJ taba'a, or tdba'a, 

or Ittdba'a^ he followed; was 
subject to, dependent, conform- 

•jJl aiba'a, he made follow, sent 
in pursuit. 

«jUJ tatdha'a, it was consecutive. 

ftUJi - •JO tala\ pi. atbd'a, result, 

LuJ or cUl - ^\j tdhia\ pi. <u?)6a'a, 
or taba'a, follower, servant, de- 
pendent, subject, annexe. 

«j^J - Lo'J tdbia'a, pi. tawdhia\ 
result, dependent. 

JuiuJ taba^iya, allegiance, nation- 

c«juU> matbooa\ king, master, he 
who is obeyed. 

•^IjuL« mutatdbia\ consecutive. 

^-ju <i6n, chopped or threshed 

LjLSJ tabbdna, straw - market ; 
sellers of straw. 

jspj ^jBf tajara,he traded; yatjor, 
he trades. 

StltfT tijdra, trade, commerce. 

Jl^Usr tijdriy, commercial. 

^Ir^ -yj^-'j* tdjir, pi. tujjdr, trader, 

^^j** sir tujjdvy President of guild 
of merchants. 

ysLo matjavy trade ; merchandise, 
subject of trade. 

%^J^ —.1^1 istildh tijdriy y usage 
of trade, a trade custom. 

^^ . Ti^ssf tujdh, in front of (see 
wajh) . 


9-^ - }i\sf\ iUijdhy a turning to- 
ward (see wajh). 

taht, under, underneath, 

J^JLi^ tahtdniy, lower, inferior, 

tohfa, pi. tohaf, a gift, 

tohaf, (in Turkish) funny, 

I at'hafa, he bestowed. 

takht (Persian), throne, 

AiflC takhta (Persian), plank. [^^ 

^^yi 4UflC takhta-boah (Turkish), 
hollow planking, scafiTolding, 

talchta-raivdn (Persian) , 
a palanquin for women carried 
by two camels one in front of 
the other- 

j^ys^ - >ac toTchm, pi. tolchoom, limit, 
frontier, boundary. [ 


tokhma, indigestion. Lf^ 


( 83 ) 



hji\ - t-j>y tordb, pi. atriba, mould, 
floil^ earthy dast. 

ijLj]jS tordbiya, grave-diggers ; 

v«jp - hy torha, pi. torab, grave, 

tomb. [jfS 

yj^^^ terbds, bolt of a door. [Loi 

>»^ tarjama, he translated, in- 

JUft^ tarjama, translation ; bio- 

^Ubs^ tarjumdn, dragoman. 

▲»JU mutarjimj translator, inter- 
j^jI< mutarjam, translated. 

^cj]2 tardzi (Persian), scales, 
balance. lj]j^ 

^yj^l - [JV* ^^^^' P^* ^^^^y round 
buckler ; tirs, a wooden cogged 
wheel of sdqiya. 

iT'Xl* - \j^J^ mitras, pi. matdris, 
rampart, trenches. 

ifJji tarrds, one who lets donkeys 
on hire as beasts of burden. 

L/ir* 3 UV^ ^aras wa iaras, a term 

of abuse. 



ilftlLJI ilj - J^UmJ ^er«ana [origi- 
nally the Arabic phrase ddr eg- 
sanda^aj which passed into 
Europe and became tersana 
and done, and has returned 
as an apparently Italian word], 
dockyard, arsenal. 

qJ - Sep tira'a, pi. tora\ canal. 

Qj]^ - Cj\3 tdria\ pi. tawdria\ 

cadastre ; the ordnance survey. 

di^ tijfay a delicacy, early fruit or 

S^I tarqoa, clavicle, collar-bone. 

CJLSl - CJji iurky pi. atrdk, used 

in Arabic to signify Turk ; 
but the Turks only apply the 
word to Turkish peasants or 
Turcoman Nomads, and call 
themselves Ottomans, 'Osmdvli. 

^i ttirhiy, Turkish. 

CJ^ tar oka, he abandoned, let go. 

^Jjji tark, abandonment. 

viJ^lj tdraka, he left alone (mu- 
tually) ; made a truce. 

iSj\X< mutdraka, truce, mutual 

\jJmJLo matrookj abandoned. 
iiS tarika, legacy, inheritance. 

i^N^ tinnis, lupin, lupimts termis. 

Ji turunj, large lemon. [(jySiJ 

^^J» tirydqy (Greek), antidote, 
electuary ; ancient elixir. 

«amJ tosa', one-ninth part. 

«mJ . inmj tiaa'a, femin. tisa*, nine. 

^^^jjumJ or ^^iw<j tisa'oon, or tisa'een, 

«M«lS ^(Mta', the ninLtlk \tl q\^^t. 

\cyJS ^y> 

( 84 ) 


\cyJ3 w. yom idsooa'd, ninth day 

of Moharram. 

,A/^ Teshreen, Teshreen I. and II., 
Syrian months of October and 

^JJ^ Tishri, Jewish month of 

ta'iba, he was tired. 

\\ ata'ba, he made tired, 
wearied, bored. 

)\fo\ - V^ ta'ab^ pi. ata'db, 

v-jUSI ata'dby a polite word for the 
fees of a professional man, 
lawyer, doctor, &c. 

^Uio ta'bdriy tired, [snake = ^Uo 

^.^^lio - c^wu mata'by pi. ma- 
ta'yib, annoyance. 

iLwl«o or 17*^ ta'ii) or ta'dsa, ruin, 
upset, muddle. 

Xx: . J'.^' alll . JUi' /(r^a/a, in the 
phrase Allah ta'dla, God I how 
groat He is ! (see a7a). 

X] . ei^ . JUj ta'dla, come thou ! 

for the imperative tl of ata, he 

aJ <«//«, he spat. 
JiJ tafithi, he spat. 

-.'^ toji'dh, apple, apple-tree. 
^ tiqti, nature ; intelligent, 

^1 ittqnna, he perfected, made 
^Ufl i/^dnj perfection^ solidity. 

^ajU mutqan; perfected, perfect, 

^^ - j^^aI or ^ toqa, or taqwa, 

piety, fear of God (see waqa). 

/yo taqiy, pious, God-fearing. 

^jlaj* taqdwl (Coptic ?) seed corn. 

^aS fflf^ja (provincial), he sowed 

^uaL or iyiJ taqiy a, small cotton 
cap worn under the turban. 

h^ oratio teke, or ^efciyf? (Turkish), 
dervish monastery or asylum. 

iid or iCj tikkay or dikka, waist- 
band; string for fastening 
skirt or drawers. 

iij^ " LSjy^ takroon'y, pi. takdrna. 

Black or negro pilgrims from 
Central Soudan. 

Jl-*^ - il^io takmila^ complement 
(see kamdl), 

^^ « ^^^ takwem, Genesis (see 

JiS JJ tell, pi. tlldl, hill, mound. 

^^xoXJ! JjL!» d-/(^Z/ el'kabeer, the 
Great Hill, on the edge of the 
desert, E. of Zagazig; battle- 
field of 13th September, 1882. 

iXlj - joJJ or jJui telcd, or tvltecl, 
birthright (see walada), 

*y\^ - *yU /t/Z/J, she bears a child 
(see walada) . 


( 85 ) 

• «• 


u-iU ialaf, ruin, waste, destruc- 

CL^UftU talqfiydt, losses in battle, 
or from fire, Ac. 

u^l atlafa, he mined, destroyed. 

u^y - iiftlU tdlifa^ pi. tawdlify 
waste lands. Ly 

^-5! - ^UU fi7^a, in front of (see 

JfMiij ^Uijl ^^ mm ^t/gd nafsihi, of 
his own accord or right. 

CAIi) - CJIU tilk, femin. of zoZtfc, 

iiV^lJ - jo^ ialmeez, pL taldmiza, 
pupil, disciple. 

jjlL - XJ ^a7(i, he read aloud ; yatloo, 
he reads aloud. 

S^lJ tildtva, a reading aloud. 

^JU foZm, it was read aloud. 

Ij ^a7a, it followed, came next. 

^U faZi, the next, the following. 

^131 ^^1 eUyom et-tdli, the next 

Jlil tatdla, it was consecutive. 

-JUjU mutatdliy consecutive. 

Jl tamma, it was complete, came 
to an end. 

^I or >>io tammaifna, or ataminay 
he completed. 

aUJI or fiMMJb tatmoem, or itmdm, a 
making complete. 

iaijneema, amulet ; comple- 

^Uo famam, all right ! complete, 
completeness; geometrical com- 

aUJ!Ij bit'tamdm, completely. 

J3 tdmm, complete, entire. 

JjLc - JIjUJ timsdly image, statue 
(see misl) . 

jyA3 - ja3 tamr, pi. tomoor, dry 

date. [cf.^^ 

J^jJut^^ /amr hindiyj tamarind. 

jyA3 iammooz, Syrian month of 

-.Lx>«o ^/m8(i/t, crocodile, hypocrite; 
name of a lake in Suez Canal. 

^J^ - 1*»UJ tamdfihd, promenade, 
sight-seeing (sec mash a) , 

icoJ or iju^) famgha (Turkish), 
often written and usually pro- 
nounced dayngha; official stamp; 
bill stamp. 

iUJ ^.« ivtiniq (hnngha, stamped 

paper for petitions and official 

J^* tamal (Turkish ?), basis, per- 

^JJUJ tamalli (Turkish), always, 

^j^J^ fanhoai'iiy lute, guitar. 

CJ'jdJ or CJUU tunhak (Persian), 
tobacco ; Persian leaf tobacco 
for narghilehs. 

Jjub tanhal (Turkish), idle, lazy. 


. Jb tannoor (sometimes prQUoviuce<l 


( 86 ) 

KiS tanaka (Turkish) , tin- ware j 
metal pot. 

^^y - ^yS tanweeri, the final sound 
of n (see noon) . 

CJJjb . Kiff tahlikaj danger^ ruin 
(see halaka). 

iUlf Tahdma, lowland coast of 

jfib^ . iuf) fuArma^ accusation (see 
t£;a^ma) . 

^1 or 4^1 at'hama, or ittahama, 

he prosecuted or accused before 
a criminal court. 

A^\ ittihdm, indictment, an ac- 

^^fU or ^« muttaham or mut-ham, 

the accused man, prisoner at 
the bar. 

ly tawwd, now, simply, merely; 

Ly toba, penitence to God [a43j - 

L^yb . ujU ^aba, he repented; 
yatoobj he repents. 

t^,^ tdyiby penitent. 

CLi[^> ^oo<, mulberry, mulberry-tree. 

oy Too/, Coptic month of Sep- 
tember, beginning the Coptic 
year, Sept. 11th. 

boy tootyd, zinc, zinc ore. 

J J or —J ^oo;, or tunjy bronze. 

^"y tawwaja, he crowned. 

^JlS tatweej, coronation. 

^jlrsrjJ - — .Ij ^a/, pi. teejdn, crown, 
diadoni; largo turban. 

i\jy tara, Pentateuch, Mosaic law. 

A^ or A^ tom, or f^^m, garlic. 

[j^y toonus, Tunis; coarse rope 

of palm-fibre, 
.uj tayydr, strong current of river. 

\^yiS - {^jiJ^S taisj pi. toyoos, he- 
goat, buck. 

XLjJ - J.jJ f eeZ, or feeZa, jute, hemp ; 
whip; flogging. 

.UjJ teemdr (Persian), care of 

^^f^UoI teemdr ji (Turkish), hos- 
pital attendant. 

^ teen, figs, fig-tree. 

Ijy** {ji^ '^^^ sJidkiy, prickly pear, 
cactus fruit. [^;W-^ 

ayj teeh, error, going astray. 

jyjb - xU fa/ta, he strayed ; yateeli, 
he strays. 

aJU ^a7/?^, gone astray (animal). 


LiL> TAa. Value = 500. 

TA, as in ''think/' but usually 
pronounced « or t, without any 
fixed rule. 

uj^jUJ or L-Jb thdba, or tathdwaba, 
he yawned. 

.b <Adr, vengeance. [Jii 

u:^ sdbata, it was firm, proven. 

jJI or ew^ sabbata, or asbata, 
he proved. 


( 87 ) 

CL^UI or K£jy»S sohoot, or isldt, 
proof, proof positive. 

CL>UU*I ishdtdi, good proofs. 

UL^U^dAt^, proved, firm, enduring; 
real property. 

<^^^< CL^^Att masboot, or mosahbat, 

v£jUJI ^ ^«^ molo t£;a t«&a^, erasure 

and substitution. 
XijflC or ^j!^ tikhan, or tohhoona, 

thickness. [,*2fc^ 

jj;:Aac* faA^&^en, thick, gross, coarse. 

iilflC takhdna (for tohhoona) , thick- 
ness, calibre. 

l«xJ thaddj it bedewed. 

^Ijb-Jl - ^^^ ^Aody, pi. athdd, 
woman's breast. [j|J 

^Jj thadiy, mammal. 

ij^ sarwa, wealth. 

Gy Turayyd, the Pleiades ; chan- 

i^nW'^ - tj^ tho^bd/n, pi. tha'dbeen, 
snake. [iji»~ 

<wJ'^ - V.,-JU; ^Aa7a6, pi. ^Ati'a/i6, 

jy^ 'J^ ^AagfAr, pi. thoghoor, front 
teeth ; sea-port or frontier 



thaqaba, he pierced, [u*^* 
thaqb, pi. thoqooby 

JSJ ihaqola, it weighed heavy. 

JISJI - (Jii ^tgZ, pi. a/jdZ, weight, 

JoSJ taqeel, heavy, unsympathetic. 

J^UU . JUJU mitqdl, pi. maidqed, 
standard weight; also li dir- 
hems, 72 grs. Troy. 

JajILmI istdsqdla, he found it heavy, 

jfjj - XfiJ tiqa, worthy of confi- 
dence (see wasvqa). 

J itdt, or svls, one- third part. 

i^ljiS . ijiS taldta, femin. taldt, 

^^U or ^j^yJJ taldtoon, or taldteen, 

Li^IU ^ftZrt, the third in order. 

uUtll au yom et'taldtd, Tuesday. 

* ^J tallata, he tripled, cubed. 

mutallat, tripled, cubed, 

jJJU toldtiy, a triliteral root. 

i^^U tdloot, the Holy Trinity. 

^JU stdsiy, an ornamental style 
of handwriting for official docu- 

C^j>lt> tathleeth, a tripling, cubing, 


JJ talaja, it snowed, froze. ^ 

JJ fttZy, snow, ice or frozen snow ; 
an ice for eating. 

JlJ tilim {talm), furrow in plough- 

Ji thumma, and then. 

jUjI . y*J tamar^ pi. atmdr^ fruit. 



( 38 ) 


^1 atma/ra, it was fertile, bore 

..~.^ mutmir, fruitful, productive. 

^j4i tumn, one-eighth part ; a 
parish or district in a town. 

jJUo - ^ujIaJ tamdniya, femin. 
tamdni, eight. 

^jjJUj or ^;y'^ tamdnoon, or 
tamdnee7i, eighty. 

^^'o tdmin, the eighth in order. 

^j^UjI « ^40 tarn an, pi. atmdiiy 
price. [^^^ 

^^^ fammana, he estimated, fixed 
a price. 

^jjuia> tafhmeeny valuation, ap- 

^^4jU or ^j;X«j fameen, or mutmin, 


uJt - jJb thiny, pi. athnd, a fold, 

^juu ^i^ thana, he bent; yathni, 
he bends. 

^iUl inthana, it was or became 
bent, swayed. 

^JuuLil istasna, it formed an ex- 

VJuuLmI isfisnd, exception. 

Ixumm) or ^juju*l istisnaiy, or 
mustasnd, exceptional ; ex- 

ijUJI - \iJ «ana, pi. asniya, praise. 

^JS 8 anna, he praised ; used the 
dual form. 

\sj\ esnd, during, midst. 

tJjSi viJI ^J jS esnd zalik, in the 

^aaJI or ^llb! etndn, or etnain 

(masc.)> two. 
^jJujS or jjjiiJl or ^jliiJI etnaidn, 

or etnatain, or tintain (femin.), 

^juL^I ^y. y^m el-etnain, Monday. 

^U tdni, the second in order ; 
another, other, next. 

^o jJl* fan I 7/6?^m, next day. 
^juJ'jti! pt'tdnycpn, the others. 
j<yU tdnawiy, secondary. 

^JuU motanna, dual ; the dual 

^*i^ JU ffinoo mash a (colloquial), 
he turned and walked away, 
he walked back. 

iujuu tathniya, Deuteronomy. 
v«jy tob, a robe, toga, garment. 

«^UJ or ^-^lyl aswdb, or tlydh, 

«>ly thawdh, reward of merit. 

S.y ^5ra, uproar, revolt, agitation. 

5joLc S.y /?6^ra 'ardbiya, Ar4l»i\s 

.yb . Jo /?<ira., it was excited ; 
yoAOor, it is in a state of ex- 


( 39 ) 


j\j\ (isara, he stirred up a revolt, 

i^ sAyira, a state of excitement, 

^Jb tatweer^ a driving mad, excit- 

^J^ - .y f^r, pi. teerdn, bull ; 
Tauitts in the zodiac. 

^y torn, garlic. 

V_^^* sayyib, legal term for a 
woman who is not a virgin. 

(Or colloquially G hard, as in get.) 
^ Jeem, Value ■= 3. 

#^f^ - W ja ighe) he came ; yijij 
he comes. 

^ jum iglium), they came (vulgar- 
ism for jaoo), 

A>. jdiy, a comer, coming, future, 

next. [c:j1 

jcW ^Lll j^\ esh'shahr illi jiHy, 

the month which is coming. 
^t^f^ waji, arrival, act of coming. 
L^W jdh, he came with, brought. 

*--»jVS. y^j^^'if he brings. 
)y^ - Jj^- jar, neighbour (see 
^Jfi- - hj^ jdnya, pi. jawdr!, 
female slave. 
>. ^X^-jarr, he who pulls (see 

kiil^ . ^j'^ j^^^y^9 horizontal 
upper beam of sdqiya, 

l/^S*'^?" - L/*'r*W" jdmoos, pi. 
jawdmeeSy buffalo. 

<-->L». « *-r*l5'*?* jdwaba, he answered 
(see jawdb) . 

jL&. "J^^ j^y^^> lawful, licit (see 
jawdz) . 

»'w>. j(iA (Persian), honour, majesty. 

^^^^^^ jabba, he lopped off*, castrated 

C^s'%. jwii, well, pit. 

ijid- jubba, loose outer robe. 

-JMar« majboob, complete eunuch. 

A&. jabara, he forced ; cut ; set a 
bone, put the pieces together. 

x»^ jabr, violence, prido ; cutting 
of a dyke. 

JL^I ajbara, he forced. 

i,^^ji^ jdbn'y, forcible, violent. 

5y qoivwa jabriya, main 
force, arm of the law, '^ force 

yfsr Ac 'ilm el - jabr, Algebra, 

science of putting fractions 

Xj<s>- jobbdr y violent, proud, tyrant, 
giant ; constellation of Orion. 

jyfar^ majboor, forced ; a set bone. 

J[ar* mojabbir, bone setter, quack 

JjJLa». Jabrdyeel, Angel Gabriel. 
cj\rt^ /al/rcin, man's name, Gabriel. 

( 40 ) 

f^j*^^ jibs, cement, gypsum. 
JjL^ jabala, he created, m.oulded. 

Sijj>^ jibilla, natural constitution. 

W M 

^Jjk^ jihilliy, natural, innate. 

JUa- - Jji>- jahal, pi. /iioZ, moun- 
tain, desert. 

TJLa^ jabaiiy, mountainous ; of the 

i)u^ or ^j^ jibn, or jibna, cheese. 

^^ji^ jibeen, forehead. 

^J^ jdbdn, coward. 

h\j^ jabbdna, cemetery. 

i^fj^- jabha, forehead. 

2jU». jihdya, tax, rent, collection 
of rent or taxes. 

^Id- jdbi, rent collector. 

v^^W . iut». jussa, pi. jusas, corpse. 

^US^ jWman, bulk, body. [^U***^ 

Jyr^ - iXa^ jahada, he denied ; 
johood, denial. 

jahshj foal of an ass, young 
itas^] - [v-iac?"] [jahafa] - ajhafa, 
he slandered, injured. 

j«^ jaheem, hell-fire. Li-H?- 

>. ju7(2, seriousness, earnestness, 

|ju.»- jidddn, in earnest; very, 
^ exceedingly. 

ol^ ydcJdf, serious, earnest. 

icX». Jidda, newness, Jeddah, the 
/>Drt of Mecca; a shore. 

i>lj^l - «Xa. jadd, pi. ajddd, grand- 
father, ancestor. 

i J^ jadda, grandmother. [o*** 

?i>U. jddda, high road. 

•3tX&. jaddada, he renewed. 

«yj>«X£^ tajdeed, renovation. 

ik^Uil istajadda, he came out new, 
suddenly became, was newly 

tX yw ,^ mostajidd, recruit, newly 

jS^ jadar, jider, pustule, boil. 

j^cXd. jidiriy^ small-pox. 

jd^ jadr, root, square-root, base. 

j*^ -^'*>^ jiddr, pi. jodor^ wall, 
garden wall. 

^liW'^^Mij tasawvmr d-jiddr, esca- 
lade ; a French legal term for a 
form of burglary. 

jS^ jadeer, walled, firm, capable ; 
small canal or rivulet. 

cJ^ jdda*, mutilation. 
J*Xi». jadala, he twisted, plaited. 
Xbj^ jadeela, plait, tress, fringe 
of hair. [ijJjA^ 

JjU- jddcda, he quarrelled. 

S!i>W* or J U^ jiddl, or mojddala, 
quarrel, dispute. 

J)\S^ - J;4>^ jadwal, pi. jaddwil, 
groove, channel, schedule, regis- 
». jaefa, gift, utility. 

?- j^di, goat, Capricorn in the 

( 41 ) 

jazcU>a, he attracted^ 

^ ^ -«if^ jazb, attraction. 

c^^l^ . hi[»^jdziba,p\.jawdz{b,eLt' 
traction, attractiveness, charms 
of beauty. 

Vn^^o^lar^ . ^J»^J>ar« majzoob, pi. 

tnajdzeeb, insane, demented. 

jS^ or tii^ jazara, or jazzara, he 
got at the root, extracted the 

j^S^ ^jSs^jizr, OTJidr, pi. jozoor, 
root, root of a number; trunk 
of a tree. 

c*W jada', a fine fellow ; sapling. 

c*k^ jida\ trunk of tree. 

Js»^ jozdm, elephantiasis, leprosy. 

^j^jarra, he pulled, dragged, drew. 

j:>-j^ jarjara, colloquial (ov jarra. 
yf-j^- or *!&. jiVirr, or jarjiir, a pull, 

»y^ jarra, " hesra/* or i vowel- 


i^».^ jarjara, agony of death, last 

iW - *^ jarra, pi. j/rar, jar, 

j],:^ or "Jl*- ^ar)', or jarrdr, he 

who pulls, pulling. 

i-l^ jarrdra, traces of carriage- 

1^1 iiyarra, it was dragged, towed. 
.LicI injirdr, a towing, towage. 

yjyac-* majroor, drain, water-course. 

^ij^/^ - »U*- Jurda, bravery ; jari, 

J? - 

- \y^^ ijtard, he dared; 
mujiari, daring. 

^Jlc ^fj;J>sf tajdra 'ala, he ventured, 
had the impudence. 

iSjM ^Ac ^^hf iajdri 'ala sariqa, 
a venturing on theft, a com- 
mitting (the crime of) theft. 

XjSjj]^ jardhandiija, knapsack. 

^b^ - K^s^ jar ah, mange; jarhdn, 

V— j>j^ jirdh, leather sack or case ; 

>. jarraha, he attempted, ex- 

js^ mojarrab, enured, tried, 

z^^sf - ^jSf tajriha, pi. iajdrlb, 

attempt, experiment, experi- 

^^j^ jorthooma, root, origin, 

U^^ Girgdf a province and town 
in Upper Egypt. 

ji^j^- jcifj^ci', cress, crura aativa. 

W^j^J^ - W^'tr^ G !r gi 8, GeoTgo; 
Mdr Oirgis, St. George. 

jaraha, ho wounded ; he 
accused. ii^y^ 

'^^j^ - ^j^jo^^h pl« jorooh, wound. 
-•••war* or fZj^ jareeh, or vxajrooh, 

( 42 ) 


]j^ - ^^j^ jo/rrdh, surgeon ; 
jirdha, surgery. 

-p,ilj3. - teyl^ jdriha, pi. jawdrih, 
hands, feet, limbs; bird of 


dj»^ or dj^ jarada^ or jarrada, he 
strippedbare,deprived; audited, 
made an inventory. 

dy^ jard, nudity, a stripping 
bare ; audit, inventory. 

«>Jlj tfiia>- hasaraho hil-jard, he 
entered it in the inventory. 

(Xj^^ jareed, rib of palm branch, 

jJl^ - ^*^j^ jareeda, pi. jardyidy 
rib of palm branch, lance, 
newspaper, schedule. 

«>l^ jardd, locusts. 

Jjl^l « djs^ ajrad, bare, stripped ; 
ajrood, beardless. 

*^jSf tajreed, deprivation. 

is^jsf tajreeda, military expedition. 

^jCf tajan'ada, he was stripped; 
quit of. 

t> jsr* mojarrady bare, simple, sole, 

r^ t^^;sr^ mojarrad haqq, droit 

iry^ jar as, bell. 

i»^j». jarrasa,he revealed another^s 
vices, faults. 

^ jarasha, he crushed grain. 
^^ylgy\^ jdroosh, hand-mill, l^^j 


[j^j^ jareesh, crushed or pounded 

L/^')]/^ jO'^fOfWeesh, sweetmeats ; 
sweetmeat paste of opium. 

ic-^ jora'a, potion, medicine. 

ij^ joff, bank of river or canal, 

jarrafa, he embanked, 
shovelled earth. 

Si|y3- jorrdfa, spade, hoe. 

^^ jarama, he cut. 

ftP^\ or ^^^1 ajrama, or ijtaramay 
he sinned, was guilty. 

^^^ - ^^ jorm, pi. joroom, sin> 
crime, harm ; jVrm, bulk. 

A^ S /a jorniy without fail. 

^ f^ jarrama, he imposed a fine. 

jLoI^ jarama, fine, penalty. 

JL>- - ^^ jareema, pi. jardyim, 
sin, crime ; fine, penalty. 

Aiiar* or i^/s:^ mujrim, or mujtarim, 
sinner, guilty. 

^^^^ar* mujrim (colloquial), barefoot 

iu^^ .3-1 Ajirroomiya (Agroomiya), 

^d- jarana, he threshed corn. 

^j^ jorn, threshing-floor, heap of 
corn for threshing ; wooden 

CL>t3j^ - J^T^ jorndl, pi. jorjidldt 
(European), journal, newspaper. 

( 43 ) 

► jara, he ran, it flowed ; 
yijrif he rans. 

c;^/?" ^^ f<A^ 3^^ ^^ jaraydn. 

course^ flow ; a running. 

fCfF^ fj***^ CL8'*'0,*o, bil'jari, he 
hastened (with running)^ he 
ran away. 

,C|«Hj p/m^ mosria* bil-jarij run- 
ning hastily. 

ur/^ jdrij current, running, flow- 
ing ; being in the act of ; pre- 
sent (month, year, &c.). 

^^1^ - hj\j^ jdriya, pi. jawdri, 

female slave. 
ij]^ jardya, ration of bread, wages. 

fcy^) ajra, he made take its course; 
set about, carried out, put into 

•^ir?"' y^^> execution of work. 
^1^1 ijrdiy, executive. 

t^/et^ - uy?^ majraj pi. majdri, 
course, means ; duct, urethra. 

^j>. jazza, he cut, cropped. 

1^ jazd, he took a share, divided. 

^j^l - p^ juz, pi. ajzd, part, 
particle, atom ; in pi., drugs. 

^J/>- juziy, relating to small mat- 
ters ; petty. 

^^j^l ajzdji (Turkish), chemist. 

jil^U».| ajzdkhdna (Persian), che- 
mist^s shop. 

^j^ jaza, he rewarded (good or 

^Ijd- jazdj reward, retribution. 

^jj^jdza^ he rewarded, punished. 

jcU^ joozia, he was rewarded, 

^^jlad yojdzi, he punishes; yojdza, 
he is punishable, is liable to 

8l(lar^ or p\j^ jizdy or mojdzdt, 

L^ jiziya, tax, imposition. 
jj»^ jazara, he slaughtered. [^.J 
.Ijd^ jazzdr, butcher. 

J^ - jj^- jazr, ebb-tide ; madd, 

jj»^ jazar, carrot. 

J]j^ - hij^ jazeera, pi. jazdyir, 
island; Ghezirch, the island 
opposite Kasr en-Nil, Cairo. 

Mjac" El'jazeera-y Mesopotamia. 

J|^' El-jazdyir, Algiers. 

c^ jaza' a, he cut, broke up. [c J^ 

i— j!^ jozdf, in the lump, as a sale 
of goods in the lump, roughly ; 
" achat en hloc,'' 

ii\y>- jazdla, energy, superabund- 

Jj>. jazeel, abundant, generous. 

^Ijjai- « ^Ji}^ juzldii (for Persian 
jizddu), pocket-book. 

A.»- jazama, he cut, shaped, [^/o 

o ^ys- jazm, a cutting ; the mark 
^ over a letter, also called aokoon. 

^>^ - ^^ jazma^ pi. jizam, boot, 
/ylj;^ or ^<a^;^^ jazmaji (Turkish), 

( 44 ) 

< r 

^ jassa, he touched, felt. 

s^ tajassasa, he felt his way, 

jj-kJUwl^ • ^^y**^jd8008, pi, jatrd- 
«e6s spy. [(^'-'Ja^ 

t^Li^l - iXiM^ jasad, pi. ajsdd, 
human body. C/*^^**^ 

^cSm^ jasadiy^ corporeal, bodily. 

skT tajassada, it became incar- 

^ jasara, he dared. 

S.lgyj^ jasdra, daring, courage. 

.^M*^ jasoor, daring, courageous. 

^IflC tajdiiara, he had the impu- 
dence to. 

f»X:r^ mutajdair, impudent, auda- 

,y*x»- "j***^ P^^^f pi- joHoor, bank 
of river or canal ; dyke ; cause- 
way, bridge. 

ALfc^-l - j^i**^ jism, pi. ajsdnif body, 

substance ; the human body. 


AMj^ jism hdlih, solid sub- 

^^ ^»AM»- jt«w marin, yielding, 

elastic substance. 

s^ar ^Awi saleein d-jwrn, able- 
bodied, sound in body. 
SiJ^Mi^ - f^'}*M^ jasecrn, bulky ; 

jasdma, bulkiness. 
^U«M.>^ jnsmdn, bulk. [^'^•^i?- 

"^/m/Tj gypanm. TcT^?- 

^ ^a^d, crisp, curly hair. 
^f^ j'ardrij beetle, scarab. 

j^rn^ yofar, canal, rivulet. 

Jj*:>- fala, he did, made ; began, 
set about. 

(•^^-u^ Jjto- yala yiktib, he began 
to write. 

SmJ6 (J*?- /rt/a nafsaho^ he made 
himself out to be, pretended 
to be. 

lW- /o/, wages, pension. 

JuiLid- jaghrdfiya (European), 

?i^ - v-^ ja/a, it was dry ; 
jafdf, dryness. 

iU- jdffy dry (as a dead body, 
flower, &c.). 

ftid- joffdfOi he dessicated. 

ei-^'^ ilf^ (Persian cAt/V, pair), 

jiA^ jofeer, sheath, leather case. 

ijf^ - J^ jif^» V^' J^f^^'^3 eyelid. 
^IjU- ///vt, cruelty. 

J^ jalla, it was grand, illustrious. 

Jid- jallala, ho revered, extolled. 

JjJbi- jalecl, royal, majestic ; the 
Turkish epithet for a Ministry 
of State. 

X)1U. or JIU- jo/dZ or JaZttia, majesty. 

J^ ^'///, grand, illustrious 
J^ juU, horse-cloth. 

Jd^ JiV/O'j flat round cakes made 
of dung, and used as fuel. 

( 45 ) 

21x^ majcUla, book of Moslem 
Jurisprudence^ or legal axioms. 

Aj>, julla, a serious matter. 

<w^lr»> jcdcAa, he drew^ attracted^ 
made come. 

<w.Jl». jcUb, a making come^ at- 

^^l^jaUdb, slave-hunter, or slave- 

^ty- joUdb, julop^ molasses. 

LJl^ jUbaj clamp^ iron-fastening. 

C«^^ijX». . L^^lda^ jvlbdb, pi. ^'aZa- 
fceeft, smock worn by fellaheen 
men and women^ and generally 
called " galdbiya." 

LjjX». jaldbiya, vulgar form of 

^JJ^ jUhdn, pease^ pulse. 

^.Jiy^' istajlaba, he procured, 
drew to himself. 

JfflJ^ /i//iZ, small bell (worn by 

J^L^ - S^ jild, pi. jolood, skin, 
hide ; leather ; leather bound 
book ; volume of book. 

CLU«3JL>. ^) ibn jildatak (collo- 
quial), your compatriot, fellow 
villager, one of your own flesh. 

j^jJl^ jUdiy, of the skin, leathery. 

jkld- jaldda, he flogged. 

i3Ja:^ - S\j^ jallada, he bound a 
book ; tajleedy book-binding. 

jJix^ mojatlidy bookbinder. 

4>1». jallddy executioner ; flogger ; 
skinner or seller of hides. 

Jal». jaleed, sleet, hail; strong, 
thick skinned. 

. mJIa- jalasa, he sat up, mounted 
to a seat. [cf. J^ 

\^^^ joloos, act of sitting ; ac- 
cession to throne. 

i/J^ jdlisy sitter, seated. 

CL.;'.***!^- . JuJid- jalsa, pi. jcdsdi, 
a single sitting ; seance or 
audience by a Court or As- 

^^jj^^sr^ - ij*^sr^ majUsy pi. majdlis, 
council, assembly, tribunal. 

^K^l ir*!^ f^cijli^ akkdniy Final 
Court of Appeal. (This title 
is rarely used.) 

Jl^ jalam, shears, large scissors. 


.U)l3. joUndr, punica granatum, 

1^ jald, ho polished. 

^Id- or ^SU- jaldy or ^aZo, a polish, 

iA^ jaJwa, fete, marriage feast. 

»^h^ jahiji (Turkish), polisher. 

^i»^ jallay he made clear, showed. 

/^^ ya/iy, clear, obvious, bright. 

Jbr* majloo, polished. 

ix^l injala, he was glad, his 
heart was brightened. 

-1^ jamma, it was abundant. 

jjjAc id- jamm ghafeer, a vast 

s^^ jomjoma) c,T^\i\w.\£L) ^kNsJL. 

( 46 ) 


<i - 

or 4X4^ jamada, or tajam- 
maduj it became solid ; froze. 

Jyi^ jomood, Bolidity; torpor, 

iSw«U. jdmid, solid, hard, firm. 

Jil^ ^ *^'^ j<^'^dinid wa aawdyil, 
solids and fluids. 

^^4>tk&. jomdda {jomddi) , Jamddi I. 
and II., the fifth and sixth 
Moslem months. 

'itXASXc ^\^fawdyid mutajammida, 
compound interest. 

i/^ jamray live coal, carbuncle 
(disease) . 

S^jL4^ jommaizay sycamore, wild 
fig ^ fic^^ sycamorus. 

^imJl«I^». _ ^M^lfr- • ij*»yJ^ jdmoos, 
femin. jdmoosa, pi. jawdmees, 

tr»%<\:^ J«* fahl jdmooSy a fine 
(male) buffalo. 

«A>- jama^a, he added up, col- 
lected; formed the plural. 

«A»-1 ajma'a, he collected, agreed 


«^ik:C or %4a»-l ijtama^a, or tajam- 
ma' a, they assembled ; the as- 
sembly or crowd formed. 

*-«l>- jama' a, he copulated with. 

c *A>- -. «>k>- jartia', pi. jomooa', 
plural ; addition ; crowd. 

•>»^1 or ^Aj^ joma', or ajma', all, 

the whole. 

cU>.l i/ma*a, a collection or 
agreement of opinions on Mos- 
Jem doctrines. 

majma\ or maj- 

aUIfr.) ijtimd'a, an assembling. 

cUd. jimd^ay copulation. 

C*'^ - ^'^ jdmia\ pi. jawdmia*, 
mosque, as a place of assembly 
for prayer. [tXa:***^ 

iuMb»- iameea\ all. 

l^A^ joma'aj reunion ; a week. 

X«W' ^y yom el-joma'a, day of 
reunion in the Mosque, Friday. 


^Ua4c»- or Xcl>«^ jamda'a, or ^am- 
d'tya, assembly, society; crowd; 

troop, squad. 

Ck>«»ar* or 

mooa'j the united whole, total, 
collection ; collected. 

ixC*^ jamahiya^ monthly wages, 
pay. [iyjbU 

JUj>. - L^«^ jamaly pi. jimdl, 
camel, male camel. [SjfJ 

jLi^ jammdl, camel-driver. 

JIa&. jamdl, beauty, kindness, 
good conduct. 

{^iAS^ jam eel, handsome; kind; 
a favour. 

JlJa^ Jai*. hifz jamecl, gratitude, 
memory of a favour. 

(J^lr^ or J^U- jdmala, or ^o/a- 
maZa, he repaid favours, was 
kind in return. 

J^i^ - 5Ui»- jomla, pi. jomal, the 
whole ; a phrase ; several. 

.L« i^4^ jomila mirdr, several 


( 47 ) 


iUs'b hH-jofnla, in short ; collec- 
tively ; wholesale. 

(Jk4^^ ajmala, he added up^ sum- 
JU^I ijmdl, summary^ addition. 

^Lik».1 ymdliyj addition or total 
of accounts. 

J.4ts^ mqjmalj added up ; the total. 

ij^k^ jommulf the numerical value 
of the letters of the alphabet 
when added up. 

jji^j^ — .^|A^ jomhoor, pi. jamd- 
heer, the public, republic. 

^^f*aE*^ to^i^c« ^^^-Jji li-yakoon ma^- 
loomdn lil-jomhoory Be it known 
to the public ! Notice ! 

ijjyf4k^ jomhooriya, republic ; re- 
" publicanism, democracy. 

janna, it was obscure ; he 
hid, covered. 

jonna, he was mad, silly, 

jannana, he bewitched, 


^i^ jinniyy a genie, spirit (good 
or evil). 



» ^ 

jinuy or jann, genu. 

^Ji>- jonoon, madness. 

^laf* - ^J^ja^ majnoouy pi. majd- 
neen^ mad, possessed of an evil 
spirit, cracked. 

^ajL^ janeen, a hidden thing, 
'foetus, embryo. 

ci^U»- . £JL»> janna, pi. janndt, 

^JU^ - ijud^ jonaina, pi. jand- 
yiUf garden. 

^JLJU^ jandyiniy, gardener. 

- v.^.^l'N^ janh, pi. jonoob, 
side, flank. 

^^isf or ^.aI.I.?*-! ijtanabaf or 
tajannaba, he avoided, kept 
himself aloof. 

C^^ily*- - <*^^l&- jdnlb, pi. jawdnib, 
aide, flank ; also (colloquially) 
a piece, some. 

^4J c^L?- jdnib qamh, some wheat. 

^jU». jandbf vicinity; Excellency, 
Highness, Mr. 

J^^^J^' l-jLlJ' eUJandbel-Khe- 
dewiy, H.H. the Khedive. 

ij^<>- X**^ S-^'^ jandb Mister 
Jones, Mr. Jones, Jones Esq. 

du<i\j^ jandbiya, vicinity, along- 
side ; sides of the embankment 
of a railway-line. 


V mJ^'^y jonoob, south. ^ij^ 

(w^Uwl -^<JU»-I (tjnably, pi. ajdnib, 

foreigner, foreign, stranger. 
^^:>- junub, impure, unclean. 

LU3- jandba, physical pollution 
(a gross term of abuse in 

jUiU. jdnbdz (Persian), acrobat; 
military extension-motions. 

^ «<n^^1 _ ^[X^- jandh, pi. ajniha, 

wing ; minion. 
sU^ - ^\j^ jondh (Persian, gyoo- 

ndh)^ sin. 

( 48 ) 

w • 

^ju». * *flc\3- jonUa, pi. jonah, the 
French *' deZi^ " or misdemean- 
our, as distinct from the French 
" crime/' or felony. 

ci^L)U». ^ Jl>. Jonah wa jindydt, 

*' deZi^« ** and " crimes," 

JLy' A4u^[sr« mahkamat el-jonah, 
" tribunal correctionnel." 

fc>yL»- . 43JL>- jV?id, pi. jonoody troops. 

j^JuL^. jindiy, a soldier, horseman. 
5|U3- jandza, funeral-procession. 

^JjL&- jinzeer (for Persian zinjeer), 

species, kind, sex. [ej 

^UamJIa- jinsiya, sex, specification, 

^^jJi&- jannasa, he specified, divi- 
ded into species. 

yj»4jj>ef tajneea, specification ; (in 
Turkish) pun. 

^^^La. jdnasa, it resembled in 

^^lid- jinds, similarity in species ; 

irsT « ^^^d. jana, he plucked, 
gathered ; yijni, he plucks. 

id- jana, he committed a 
crime ; yijni, he commits a 

^jac i.5^ /a/a?uia 'aZa, he accused 

i^ jana, the fruit or crop which 
is gathered. 

»li>- — ^J^ jdni, pi. jondt, com- 
mitter of a crime ; guilty. 

CL>lj>lJb^ - h\j^ jindya, pi. jindyat, 
^' crime," felony; crime. 

SjljUd- ^ JL>. Jonah wa jindydt, 
'^ delits " and " crimes " 

Aar* majna, the crime committed. 
JuLc ^JLs:^' el-majna 'alaih, the 
victim of the crime. 

LlWb UijJljU mutalabhisdn bil- 
jindya, caught in the act, " en 
flagrant delit" 

CL>U'JiaiJ' ^JJ^S^ ^yU qdnoon tahqeeq 

el' jindydt, Law of Criminal Pro- 
cedure,' instruction criminelle," 

dpIjlW' IaCx^ mahkamat el' jindydt, 
^^ tribunal criminel" 


cVfid-l or S^^ jahada, or ijtahada, 
he exerted himself. 

jlfL*-! or S^ jahd, or ijtihdd,exeT' 
tion, effort, zeal. 

^-ryi jlfL>.l ijtihdd shar^aiy, legal 
opinion or deduction in Mos- 
lem law; ^^responaapi'udentium" 

iXfcU- jdhada, he exerted himself 
for Islam, fought the infidel. 

jI^ jihdd, exertion or holy war 
on behalf of Islam. 


^^jl^ jihddiy, soldier, military. 

kjid\^ jihddiy a, military (affairs), 
war ofiico. 

Jj^.ar« majhood, result of effort^ 

( 49 ) 

J^^f. OTj^ jahr, or jihdr, pablicity. 
2^^^ jahrdn, publicly, in public. 

J4^ jahhaza, he equipped, fitted 
up, fitted out. 

d^jJj^A^ tajheezdiy preparations, 
equipments for war, &c. 

jfcU- jahiz, ready, equipped, fitted 

jl^ jihdzy equipment, outfit, ap- 
paratus; trousseau of bride. 

a|»> jahada, he thwarted, used 

sf».l ajhada^ he caused abortion. 

^^1^>.I ij-hdd, a causing abortion. 

^^^djL|»> jaheed, embryo, or abortion. 

Sli*. or J»4>. jahl, or jahdla, igno- 
rance, stupidity. 

Jk4». jalnla, he was ignorant. 

Jjtls^ tajdhala, he shammed igno- 

^Ifft. - Jjtlft- Jtt/ti7, pi. johluUy igno- 
rant, stupid. 

2JgJbl»- jdhiliya, ante-Islam, Arab 
ignorance of the true faith prior 
to Mahomet's revelation. 

(JjJtlar^ - Jngt* maj'hool, pi. majd- 
heel, unknown. 

A^liuJI ^ J^f?^' eUmdj'hool wa eU 
m^aloomy passive and activo 
voices of a verb. 

^%\ J^fs^ mayhool el-ism, anony- 

^ I f ^ jahannam (femin.), hell, 

^^1 - ^->1^ jawdb, pi. ajwiba, 
answer, reply ; letter. 

i—^l^ ^ Jl/*** 8^odl wa jawdb, ques- 
tion and answer. 

CL>Uj>. jawdbdt, letters, postal 

c^^^ jawdyib, current news, 

^^U- jdwaba, he replied. 

^ysf^] istajwaba, he interrogated, 
asked for an answer. 

•ly^U*l istijwdb, interrogatory. 

— >ld-l ajdba, he answered, com- 
plied with. 

— >Usry^ ^-?l^l ajdba bil-ccjdb, he 
replied in the affirmative, con- 
sented. [<w^v».^ 

L^^ImJIj ^jL>.I ajdba bis-salb, he 
replied in the negative. 

LU.I ijdba, compliance, consent, 

V^^^OLar* mojeeb, compliant, con- 
sentiug. [cf . C^^a^.^ 

^^ jokh (Persian choha), cloth. 

5j^ joda, excellence, goodness, 

4>^ jood, generosity. 

4)^1 - *> W jawdd, generous ; aj- 
wad, more generous. 

dj^ - jo^ jayijid, pi. j/iT/twi, good, 

4)^1 ajwad, better, more excellent. 

Jft»» jawwada, he made good, im- 


( 50 ) 


jY^ joi'y tyranny, injustice \ un- 

Ji^lar* or iL^ juvdvy or mojdwara, 

vicinity, nearness, a being a 

.^Id- jdwara, he was neighbour, 

Jj/J^ -jW- J^^> Pl- jeerdn, neigh- 

.^v.^-' mojdvnr, near, adjacent ; 
student of Moslem law. 

_*).■ '^ jordb (Persian chordb), 

'^V - Vy^ - Jfi^ ^^^' femin. jJza, 
vulgar Arabic for zdj, femin. 
zoja, spouse, pair, couple. 

r^J 'Jy^ jawwaza, vulgarism for 
zawwaja, he gave in marriage. 

^ji^J ~j^ef tajawwaza, vulgarism 
for tazawwaja, he married, took 
a wife. 

Jfi^ P^f middle, kernel ; walnuts. 

ij^ jozUfSk walnut ; a cocoa-nut ; 
hence, a '^ hoohah/' or cocoa- 
nut-bowled pipe, for smoking 
hasheesh, tumbak, &c. 

>lj^ jdzd, Oeinini of the Zodiac. 

j]^ jawdzy lawfulness, permis- 
sion, right of way. 

: •flCT - jld- jdza, it was lawful ; 

yajooz, it is lawful. 
jW) or j ^ jawivaza or ajaza, he 

JU- jd^jizy lawful, licit, permis- 

prize, gift, reward. 

SiU-l t;a«a, permission, leave of 
absence. [has^. 

j^^ tajdwazay he gave himself 
leave, dared, overstepped a 
right or limit ; it exceeded, 
was more than. 

:ysL*l istajwaza, he asked leave. 

j\sf^ majdz, passage, metaphor. 

jcjLar* majdziy, metaphoric, un- 

:yar« mijtoiz (vulgar), doubled, 

: *lr^^ motajdivizy transgressor, 

overstepper ; more than, ex- 

ijJ^ jeeza, shore; river bank 
opposite Cairo ; town and pro- 
vince of Ghizeh. 

S^jjac" ^ Jb haram d-jeeza, pyramids 
of Ghizeh. 

cU. - c^ jooa^ hunger ; jda'a, 

he hungered. 

^JJdkJs. or J^y^ or j^ jdya' or 

jaw^drij or (vulgar) jeea^dn, 

iclar* majda^a hunger. 

;i^l - v-i^ jof, pi. ajwdfy a 
hollow ; belly, cavity. 

•^ jawwafa, he hollowed out. 

' ar*orv--5*^lajt^af,orwio;aMmTaf, 
concave, hollow, hollowed out. 

Si%^ joqa, crowd. yfiyM 



( 51 ) 


^y^ or J^ jol, or jawcdd/n^ a 
turning round. T^J 

Oyef tajawwala, he made a tour 
(of inspection). 

Jlar* majcU, circus, arena, place 
of turning. 

^^ jooTij gulf, inlet. 
^1^ - j^y^ johar, pi. jaxvdhir, 
jewel;, atom, molecule. 

^ johariy, jeweller ; atomic, 
molecular, substantial. 

>. joharji (Turkish) , jeweller. 

•». jaiv (7W), atmosphere, air; 
the inside. 

Il>- jood, inside, at home, indoors. 

^Jl *^ joodniy, internal, inner. 

j^ jiy (Turkish) suffix signifying 
the door, actor, seller, like the 
English, -er, -stery &c. 

^».h^l ajzdjiy chemist, seller of 

ij^y^ or L^^y? qahwaji, seller 
of coffee. 
!CjC or ^j^hjC 'aralaji, cabman. 

yJ^ - S--rt^ jaib, pi. joyoob, 
pocket; sine (geometry). 

AaS tamdm jaih, cosine. 
jaA>> ix^ niaba jaibiya, log : sine. 

jJ^ jceVy lime, mortar. 

iXj^ jayydra, lime-kiln. [iU-«l 

jW- - Jlfi^ jeerdn, pi. of jar, 

J*?- - \/J^ jeeza, shore, Ghizoh 

(see under joz). 

L/'^i^ jiooSj pUtaccia vera, 


Si^V^^ \^J*i^ J^^^^ ma^ny, Egyptian 

Jli^-SI ifij^ jaish el'ihtildlj Army 
of Occupation. 

^Ll-Ad. jayashdriy violent agitation, 

jiJjtfc; « i/i'-J?- jdsha, it was in 
commotion ; yajeesh, it is in 

ifij^ — Lj^ %^ jawwasha (collo- 
quial for jayyasha) , he stirred 
up strife, disputed. 

u-ftA^ - Saa^ i^^/ct, pi. jift/^, carrion, 

^>jl>- ^m>t, the letter ^ j. 

jUs^l - Jj^ jed, pi. ajf/a/, age, 

cl>1^jU&- - ^'^^Si^ jeenaih, \)\Jeenahdt 
(European), guinea, pound 


(a strong aspirate) . 
Hd. Value = 8. 

t«« jl^i.!^ . is*-',^ //(f/a, pi. Itdjdt, 
necessity, thing needed, thing ; 
affairs, baggage, clothes. [^^^^ 

te.',.^ iAM '^ ^'^ /tcvs/i hdjif, there 
is, or it is, nothing. 

J!^» hawdyij (another pi. of /t(<J((), 
baggage, effects. 



{ 52 ) 

J ^--li^l ihtdja li, he had need 
for, it was needful to. 

-p,Ul>-l ihtiydj, need, indigence, 

u;j}r^ -p-lja>-l ihivydj darooriy, 

urgent necessity. 

J fj^^*^^ muhtdj li, in need of. 

^[9^ hdj, a thorny plant ; alhagi 

S^jfd- - S^ld- hdra, lane, narrow 
street (see haira). 

^^ . W<^- hdta, he guarded (see 

Ll-^l alidtity he surrounded ; 
warned, informed. 

ibl^l iAa^a, a surrounding, inform- 

b^ haumata, he surrounded, left 
a margin. 

kjuflC tahwectj circumference, land 
enclosed or embanked ; dyke. 

^Uqa^ - LJ«^- hay iff pi. heetdn^ wall. 

H!U.I ilddta, ho took precaution, 
kept in reserve. 

bUi^-l ihtiydt, precaution; reserve 
of army. 

^JsUlU-l ilitiydfiy, precautionary, 
in reserve, provisory. 

^-loLjJL^l i^/***" hahs Ihtiydtiy, 
precautionary imprisonment 
(before trial). 

^LLji^l ^J^^ damdn ihtiydtiy , 

'' aval '' in French law, or 

additional and precautionary 

guarantee for a bill of exchange 

Sjr a third party. 

bljjl>-JI v-jU y^ min bdb eUihtiydt, 
as a measure of precaution, 
^^ to be on the safe side." 

)aJ^ar^jX - Ja^ar* moheet, surround- 
ing; hahr moheet^ ocean. 

)ols^ mohdt, surrounded. 

iil>. hdfa, edge, brim. 

J^ - JU- hdl (femin.), state, 
condition (see hdJ), 

^.^^^l or ^.-A». hahha, or ahabba, 
he loved ; preferred ; wished. 

[cf. st*] 

Ji4jo ^-A»- liabba y^amil, he wished 
to do. 

tahdbba, he loved mutually. 

JLas^ or ^_,-**- Ai6/>, or hubb, or 
7nahabba, love, preference. 

^jb^ hubbly, affectionate, relating 
to love. 

>U^1 or L— >'a^l - C«^ouL»- habeeb, pi. 
ahbdbf or ahibbd, friend, lover, 

^Xjya»- - L<tii^ habeebi, femin. 

habeebati, my dear. 

I ahabb, dearer. 

mohibb, lover. 

^Oar* mftA6oo6, beloved; obsolete 
gold coin used as an ornament. 

l>lac^ mohdbb, mutually loving, 
and beloved. 


Ij%a>- or ^^s^*- - Vi— >^ffv habby 
*j* * J* • 

pi. hoboob, or hoboobdt, grain ; 
in pi. cereals. 

ijL^ habba, a grain, l-48th of a 
dirhem ; pimple ; pill. 

( 53 ) 

jA^ liibr. ink. 

M>- habara, lady's black silk 

^ habr, rabbi, Jewish priest. 

nA». hdba^a, he put in prison, 
sequestered. [^j=^ 

jt>- hubs, prison, imprisonment ; 

s^ i^ habs'khdna (Persian), a 
prison, gaol. 

jul»*1 ihtabasa, he restrained, 

ifmJjj\a^'* — |i*r^Aar« mahhoos, pi. 
mahdbees, prisoner. 

U»- habash, Abyssinia, the 

«mJi>. habashiy, an Abyssinian, 

CJJjg^- habakOj he made lace, inter- 

JU>. - Jla>. habl, pi. Ai5(i/, cable, 

JJU»- habdyil, cordage, nets. 
Jla»- hahalf conception, pregnancy. 

\j:^Aj^ hahilet, (the woman) con- 
ceived. [l^«^^ 

JU^ - ^jlx>. hiUa, pi. habiUa, 

hittay pi. Wfaf, piece. 


Ji»» hattama, he made obligatory. 

Ji^ ^oAoi^ama, it became obliga- 

hatmdn, of necessity, without 
fail; '^ de plein droit." 

^J^ Jiatta, in order that; until, 
even then. 

igr^ or A hajj or Ay^a, the 

Great Pilgrimage to Mecca at 
the end of the Moslem year. 

hs^ ^d zoo I'hijja, the month of 
pilgrimage, the last lunar 

hajja, he went on the pil- 

hojjUf pi. hojaj, good 
proof, sound argument, title- 
deed of property. 

^l4^ - ^U- hdjj, pi. hojjdj, pil- 
grim to Mecca. 

j&.l>. hdjji (Persian), pilgrim. 

Ji>.| ihtajja, he relied on good 

^lar*^' ihtijdj, reliance on good 


hajaba, he veiled, guarded, 

cut off, disinherited. 

htjdby veil, amulet, dia- 

hawdjib, eyebrow. 


>lat^ - L^^^U- hdjih, pi. hojjdby 
guardian, beadle, usher, con- 
stable of a court. 

mahjooby veiled, timid, 

^ac^ hijr, bosom, lap. [^^y^^ 

^£, js^ hajr ^ala, interdiction 



( 58 ) 

Mj^ - ^]^ hizdm, pi. hozom, girth, 


Aij^Jar* mahzoom, girt ; waist-cloth, 

^:U- hdzim, firm, resolute. 
^Ul ^ ;'*»- hdzivi er-rdy, a man of 
sound judgment. 

^j^ hazinay he was sad ; Aw^n, 

^^^1 ahzana, he saddened, vexed. 

^Jd. or ^jQ^ hazeen, or hazin, sad. 

ioh&- huzdna, family cares, main- 
tenance of a young family. 

[cf. XiU 

ha^sa, he felt, perceived by 
one of the senses. 

j0t^ hassa binafsihiy he felt 
himself to be. 

-****' istahassa, he detected, 
became aware of. 

hassasaj he groped, felt 
for, manipulated. 

hissj voice, sensation. 

. UL tallia' hissak, raise 
your voice I 

im,Im*»- or i^JiMij>- hasees, or hassds, 
who feels; sensitive. 

1^1^ - iwl>- hdssa, pi. hawdss, 
a sense ; the senses. 

XjjUwU- hdssiya, power of sense, 

^^^Micar* mahsoos, perceptible to 
^ie senses; real. 

haaabay he counted, cal- 
culated, reckoned. 

Aa^t, a suflScient portion ; 

/dJI 1)umx»- hasbond Allah. God is 
our trust ! 

]\ju*«^' ifJiar* - i<Aam^ hasbiy, re- 
lating to shares; MajUs el-hasbiy. 
Moslem Probate Court. 

hasaby quantity, ratio, 
proportion. [Sw 

j^ or ^^«<jfC bi'liasab, 
or 'oZa hasaby according to, in 
proportion to. 

vSjIjLjb^- . < , Amjjw hisdb, pi. At9(t- 
irt^, calculation, account, bill. 

L— )L*J' Jlc 'Urn el'hisdb, arith- 

(w.^vM^la- hdsaba, he kept accounts, 
reckoned with, was on his 


^^^*«U. hdsiby (imperative) look 
out ! 

mohdsib, accountant. 

vsjUamIob^ . JuumIs^ mohdsdba, pi. iho- 
Aa«a&a^,accounts, book-keeping. 

3>^Ssm\at^ mohdsabaji (Turkish), 

o^l ihtasaba, he considered, 

XaIc ^.^iJac^ mohtasab 'aleih, put 
" to kis charge. 

Aa«a(ia,he envied, was jealous 

ha^atly envy, jealousy. 

*) y ii » » 

( 59- ) 


JuwU- or 4)yM». hdsoodj or hdsid, 

ijm^ haara, sigh, grief^ regret^ 

Aft*^ hoaoam, bad days^ name of 
an unhealthy wind. 

^j^la^ - fjtu^- hosn, pi. mahdsin, 
beauty, excellence ; in pi, 
good qualities or features; 

hosn yoo8uf, white 
powder for the face. 

^lMib». . ^^;*M>- has an J pi. hisdn, 
handsome^ excellent ; the pro- 
per name Hassan. 

>Um*». or iXm^' hasanOy or hasnd 
(femin. of hasan), beautiful 
(woman) ; a good deed, act of 

_jum»' .^>g*»^l ahsan, femin. hosiid, 

better, more beautiful. 

CL^l^liMrv- - (JU^ hosnay pi. hosna- 

ydt, good deed, charity. 

hosain, (diminutive of ha- 
san), the proper name Hussein. 

^Uu^' El'Hasandn, the two sons 
of Ali and Fdtma, Hassan 
and Hussein. 

^^y*»s^ or ^;MA^ hasona, or tahassana, 
it was or became beautiful. 

hassana, he beautified, ap- 
proved of. 

tahseen, praise, approval, 

>t ahsana, he bestowed, 


^Um^I ihsdn, favour, bounty. 
^^mascUmI istaJisana, he approved of. 
^LmccUmI istihsdn, approval. 
mohsin, benefactor. 

hashsha, he cut grass. 

^jSlamL^- hashec^hy grass, herbage ; 
an aphrodisiac prepared from 
hemp; cannabis indica. 



^1 *.^ hashshdsh, grass-cutter or 

seller ; seller, or smoker of 
*' hasheesh.^' 


a-A-A-ar* mahshasha, hasheesh ^' 

or^^*l*. hashara, or hashshara, 
he collected, loaded, inserted; 
tampered with a document by 
inserting Interlinea. 

tahsheer, insertion of inttr- 

ZjS^\ inhashara, it was inserted, 
thrust in. 

hashr, resurrection ; assem- 
bly, swarm. 

cij|Ll&- 7* a^Aa^-a^, insects, swarming 

}jL^ hishdr, charge inserted into 
a gun. 

jIaA^ hashfa, glans, gland. 

J!Ls»^ hashima, he blushed, took 

JUm1»- hishma, timidity, bashful- 
ness ; modesty. 

^.li^l ilitashama, he showed re- 
spect, was awed. 

^^.s^ mahdshivi, testicles. 

( 60 ) 

hashma, pomp, ceremonial. 




mohtodhim, yenerable^ 

Lm^ hashdf he stuffed^ filled. 
M&> haaho, stuffings wadding. 

Am^] . UL»- hash a, pi. ahshd, 
entrails. L/^ 

^J^l«»- . iuilU. hdshiya, pi. ha- 
wdshi, border, margin. [i»2l*U 

^Aar^ ^ Za^m mahshi, stuffed 
meat ; stew. 

mahshoOy staffed. 

Im»1»- hdshdy excepted. 

jdil LtU. /ia«/ia JHa*, God forbid ! 

. La>. hisstty pi. hisas, 
share, portion. 

* ' fi». . JuitfL»- liaaha, measles; hashd, 

mahsooh, ill with measles. 

hasada, he reaped. 

4>lid^ hasddy harvest. 

Jy»flx^' jl-A*- linmd el-mahsool, 
a gathering in of the crops. 

hciBccda, a crop. 

hasira, he felt constrained. 

hasara, he confined, restrained, 

4>^b tjj^ hasaraho bil-jard, he 
entered it in the inventory. 

hasara shubhatoh, he 
suspected, he limited his sus- 
picion to. 


tiosr, retention of urine. 
jy^a^ mahsooTj taken ill. 

hasr, restriction, constraint. 
l». hdaara, he besieged. 
S^W^ mohdsara^ siege, 
.l^ft. hisdr, castle, fortress. 

ijX^^ haaeera, pi. hoaor, 
mat, matting. 

husrum, sour, acid fruit. 

hasdla, it happened, resulted. 

AJjlae" el-hddisa hasalet, 
the accident happened. 

ij^^i^ hassala, he obtained ; levied 

Jma»- hosoolf event, a befalling, 

Jj^n nc tahsccly success, attain- 
ment j collection of taxes. 

^sLi,>a^ tahscelddr (Persian), tax- 

J^l^ - Jl^U- hd^ilf pi. hawdsily 
result ; end obtained ; advan- 
tage ; barn, court-yard. 

^Jlc LMLfiC iahassala ^ala, he ob- 
tained, attained ; it resulted 
from, was realized. 

CL^JyA-K^ - J^-Ajs^ mdhsooly pi. 
mahsooldt^ result ; crops, pro- 
duce ; revenue. 

^yfld- - 1:/^^ hisn, pi. hosoon, for- 
tress ; chastity. 

juL^la- or p\xa^ haand, or hdstna^ 
chaste woman. [cf. ^ULm>- 

mohsana, chaste woman. 


( 61 ) 

Jla^ . ^^fO>' - ^J^o>' hisdn, pi. lu)8on, 
stallion^ horse. Instead of hosony 
the pi. in use is khcM. 

. iUi»» hasdt, pi. hosiy ; 
and t^^^>' - iy^^ haswa, pi. 
hcua, pebble, gravel, calculus* 

.1 ahsa, he calculated. 

kadeed, apogee; aphelion, 
furthest point. 

hadaray he was present, 
ready, he presented himself. 

haddg/ray he made ready, 

n^\ ahdara, he summoned, made 

AJ^ ihtadara, he prepared him- 
self, was on the point of death. 

1 1 istahdara, he sent for, 
asked for the presence of, he 
brought forward (hiswitnesses). 

ij.a>^hadray presence; Excellency, 

fCJj^A^ or sJJijjA.^ hadrafak, or 

hadratkom, Thy or Your Excel- 
lency ! Your Highness ! Noble 

jL^ hadrdtikomj Your Excel- 
lencies ! Gentlemen ! 

liyt^^ 2;-a-J' El'Hadrat el-Khede- 
ufiya, H.H. the Khedive. 

hazretleri (Turkish), His 
or Your Excellency. 

^j|^l>- - j-^U- hddir, pi. hddiroon 

(or hddireen), present, ready; 
domiciled (not nomad). 



x^Ud»> haddra, settled Arabs (not 
Bedouins) . 

•1^1 ihddr, a summons ; a bring- 
ing forward. 

mohdir/^huissier" summons- 

mahdar, pi. mahddir, 

report, minutes of proceedings, 

hiduj pi. hodooUj 
bosom, lap ; interval of time. 

hiddna, maternal rights. 

Ll^] ihtadana, he embraced, 
took to his bosom. 

hattaj he placed, put down, 

1 inhatta, it diminished, sank, 
was put down. 

k-^ hatt, a putting down ; re- 

\s[^ or LbU. hdtity or hdtty he who 

LlL^cl inhitdty decline, decadence ; 
a sinking. 

iJos^ mahatta, place where a thing 
is deposited; railway station. 

X U ^] (Life* waked el-mahatta, 

u^lk^l - t-,-^"^ hataby pi. ahtdb, 
firewood. Distinguish this from 
hhashab, timber. [(w.^vld- 

J^^ hatama, he broke in pieces. 
hazza, he was delighted, glad. 


hazz, pi. hozoozy 
delight, pleasure. 

( 62 ) 


)ffjiax^mahzooZj gladdened^ pleased. 

SiK)n^)rrr^mahzooziya, happiness, joy. 

hazia, he suceeded in, ob- 

iyio^- hizwa, saccess, advantage. 

liUa»- . X.J>,l3a>^ haziya, pi. hazdyd, 

isi^ . 43aftd- hafeedy pi. hafada, 

hafara, he dug. 

hafr, pi. hafriydt, 
a digging ; excavations. 

hofra, hole, pit, hollow, 

•• • 


^L^ - J'.d- /ffi/Jr, pi. hawdfir, hoof, 

.Ito- Ao^cir, digger, grave-digger. 
ji^^ mihfar, spade. 

)ai^ or lai^ hafiza, or tahaffaza, 
he guarded, protected, was vigi- 
lant ; reserved ; learned by 

]aA^ haffaza, he taught (the Koran, 
&c.), made learn by heart. 

tJld- hdfazoy he guarded, watched 
over as a ruler. 

^lAfiCul istahfaza^ he sought pro- 

Ifl^te- hifz, guard, care, protection ; 
faculty or power of memory. 

Lil/^ y )aA»' hifz wa siydna, guard 
and protection. 

JjUk». )ri ti'-w hifz jameel, memory 
o/'a favour, gratitixde. 

laiU* hdfiz^ guardian ; knowing by 

JLlaiU- hdfiza, faculty of memory. 

lajW^ mohdfizy guardian, governor 
of a town. 

jLlaJlar^ Tnohdfaza, guardianship ; 
township as apart from a^'moo- 
deeriya;^' govemor^s office or 

b»iar* mahfooZy guarded, reserved. 
mahfazaj portfolio, case. 

mustahfizy reserve of police 
or of army ; national guard. 

JiS^I or (Ji>- hafala, or ihtafala, 
a crowd collected. 

Jb-ijr^ or JLiJU-l or Jto- hafl, 
or Mifdl, or mahjil, crowd, 
procession, public ceremony, 

JIaJ^I ihtifdJiy, solemn, ceremo- 
nious, pompous. 

XloU^ haflata, nuisance, bore, em- 

U>- - ^<i^ hafia, he went bare- 
foot; hafdn, being barefoot. 

iJ^ hdfi, who is barefoot ; un- 
shod (horse). 

Jf^to. "vi^ *«32i pl- hoqooq^ truth ; 
legal right. 

^JUc jf>- haqq ^ainiy, real property, 
'^ droit red!^* mojarrad haqq, personal 
property, '^ droit incorporel" 

CJ^ - C^t« jf..J' d'haqq m'ak, 


( 63 ) 



yoa are in the right; el-haqq 
'alaihy you are in the wrong. 

IjIXiJI jf». h(iqq d-malakiya, right 
of property, '' propriete/^ 

cUiuSI jf»> haqq el-intifd^a, usufruct. 

j|UJ.S) r*. fcagg eUirtifdq, servitude. 

:Ui<ll s»- Aagg d-imtiydzy privi- 


.UJI ^y Jf^ haqq rahn d-'aqdr, 
" hypothhque/^ mortgage. 


.Uiu (^UijI»-1 Jf»- haqq iklitisds hi- 
^aqdr, ^^affectation/* 

£ftjLA»- haqeeqa, pi. Aa^a- 
yig, a true statement, truth. 

haqeeqiy, true, real. C^*^ 
haqeeqatdn, truly. 

haqqaqa, he verified, inves- 
tigated the truth ; held a legal 

- jy^^^ tahqeeq, pi. fa&- 
qeeqdty verification, legal in- 
quiry, *' instruction" 

^jji rsUl i<^^ 3<wii et'tahqeeq, 
examining magistrate, '' jtige 
d'instruction/' [jfkjuLy*^ 

1^1 -r>- Aojg, worthy; ahaqq, 

r».) ahaqqa, be obtained justice. 

taJiaqqaqa, it came true, was 
proved correct. 

il iatahaqqaj he deserved ; it 

fell due (as a bill, debt, interest, 


J|U^U#I istihqdq, merit ; the falling 
due of a debt, &c. 

jf^U^ mostahaqq, deserved; fallen 

nwhaqqaq, verified, shown 

hoqq, pi. hoqaq, small 

box, snufi'-box, casket ; Indian 
'^ hookah. ^^ 

Iwqbf epoch, century. 
ifji^ haqeeba fCAmeV 8 saddle-girth. 
i\A^ hiqd, envy, malice. 

jS^UwI or .fti>-I otjSl>' or Ji^ haqara, 

or haqqara, or ihtaqara, or 
istahqara, he dospised, treated 
with contempt. 

^;AA^ - 5.lto- haqdra, contempt ; 

(JA^ Aaj/, cornfield, field. [Ljl£ 

^Ite^ - Aaa»- hoqna, clyster, enema; 
mihqdn, syringe. 

haqo, waist, loins. 
vjUd- hahka, he scratched, rubbed. 

dL^ . CJ^ hakkf a scratching ; 
hikka, itch. 

V^JUr« mihakk, touchstone. 

^S^] or ^^i^ hakara, or ihtakara, 

he monopolised, bought up 
and held back corn, &c. 

.\^jI»>) ihtikdr^ monoply. 


( 64 ) 


jij>^ hikty a waqPs ground-rent ; 
a real right in favour of a 
legatee ; quit-rent. 

^liL>-l . A-C»- hoknif pi. ahkanij 

judicial sentence^ judgment, 
decision, order. 

Jl». hakama, he judged, passed 


iju^ee\j ^LjJlc ^X^ hdkama ^aleih 

bil'habs, he sentenced him to 

aLC>- ^l»- hakiniy pi. Ao{:&am Judge, 

governor. L<-^^ 

^J\a^ . iA^,at* mahkama, pi. mahd- 

kim, tribunal, court. 
iuiltXL) JUCsr^ mahkama ibtiddiya, 

Tribunal of First Instance. 

JuiUduuil iUif^ mahkamia isteend- 
^ya, Court of Appeal. 

ix^jm i^iaf mahkama shara'iya, 
Court of Moslem law. Cadi's 

(LUidr^ iA^^BT* mahkama 
mukhtalita, mixed tribunal ; 
mahkama ahliya, native tri- 

hS^t* mohdkama, trial, hearing. 

▲|jJLc . Julc M^jsr* mahkoom 'aleih^ 

pi. mahkoom 'aldhlmy condemned 

J,'^^ hakem, wise, arbitrator. 

X>. hakkama, he arbitrated, or 
sent to arbitration. 

ijJi^bl - 

jX«^ . Ajil^ tahkeem, arbitration ; 

mohakkim, arbitrator. 

^^^ . JU^ hikma, pi. hikam, 
science. [J^c 

>U^ . |»-A^ hakeem, pi hokamd, 

^««tb >J^ hakeem bdshi (Turkish), 

chief doctor, surgeon-major. 

Jj^m] istahkama, he fortified. 

KsAAi^eLk^ muatahkamdt, fortifica- 

Sjk^ m4)hkam, firm, solid, well 

^J^ - i^^ haka, he narrated, 

said ; yihki, he says. tt^>; 

^U- Adfci, narrator. 

i-»LC^ hikdya, narrative, tale, 

mohka, spoken of, mentioned. 


Jl^ halla, he unloosed, solved, 
absolved ; alighted, descended ; 
it was lawful. 

ads^ {^ halla mahalloh, he acted 

in his stead. 

t I.. 

J^ AoU, an unloosing, solution. 

(J». AtlZ, lawfulness. 

J]L». ^a{a{, a lawful thing ; lawful. 

^}y^ holool, descent, alighting ; 
arrival of a date. 

i>UjuJI J^l^ holool el-mee^ydd, lapse 
or end of a fixed time, ^^echeance" 


dL»Ii>- or JJb>- holal or holaUya, 
robes^ attire, cloak. 


( 65 ) 

Jl>- - 2i». halla, pi. hilal, saucepan; 
area^ threshing-floor. 

2Lfl»> -(JjJl»- haled f (f emin.) haleela, 
lawful spouse. 

JliJ^-I ihleelf urethra^ duct^ passage. 

JI»- hallala, he analysed^ rendered 

Jol^* taJiled, analysis^ legalisation. 

|JUiflC tahlediy, analytic. 

JJcK^ mohallil, legaliser ; he who 
marries a divorced woman only 
in order to divorce her after 
consummation^ so that ho may 
thus make it lawful for her first 
husband who divorced her to 
remarry her. 

Jji»-t ihtalla, he alighted^ took 
up his residence ; (the army) 
occupied (a country). 

Jll^l ihtildlf residence^ occupa- 
tion by an army. 

Jll»-SI \^J^is^ JoiBh d'ihtildl, Army 
of Occupation. 

Jl«r« - Jar« mahall, pi. mahdll, 
place^ alighting place ; district. 

SJm^ makalla, village. 


/^W« mahalliy, locals relating to a 

(Jr^-rt ^nostahill, the same as 

JjlflB^ maJdool, unloosened^ ab- 
solved^ solved^ vacant. 
haiaha, he milked. 
haleeib, milked, milk. 

^^ laban haled), fresh, 
new milk. 

halab, Aleppo ; milk. 

C^U" hdlibf duct, ureter. 
AaI^ holba, fenugreek. 

^^jJl^ halabiy, native of Aleppo, 
gipsy, tinker. 

mihlab, milk-pail. 

Ji^ halaja, he carded or ginned 

hildja, cotton-ginning. 

^A^ halcej, carded, ginned. 

^1»- halldj, cotton-ginner. 

^Ss^ vdhldjf cotton-gin ; carding 

^jlj^ halazoon, snail ; deep well 
in a spiral; auger. 

Ijuuj t— ftlo- or u.fli»- halafa, or 
halafa yameendn, ho took an 
oath (as a witness, &c.,in court). 

hallafa, he swore in, gave 
the oath. 

half, oath. [^^ 

u-a)W hdlif sworn in, under oath. 

Ail^ halfd, esparto grass ; rushes. 

>lal^ c^fc^^j Tl^adi Halfd, valley of 

rushes; the southern frontier 

town and province of Egypt 

on the Nile, 
jfld- halaqa, he shaved (the head, 


^]U. . a!)U- hildqa, a shaving; 

halldq, barber. 
i9^ar^ or JfjJb- haleeq or mahlooq, 

shaven, shorn. 


( 66 ) 

^Sl>. - rW halq, throat; halqiy, 

sld- - isd^ halqa, ^hhalaq, bracelet, 
ear-ring, ring, circle ; ring of 

men at an auction. 

CJUimHI M»- hcdqat el-asmdJc, fish- 
market, or ring where fiah is 
sold by auction. 

^^fll»- holqoom, throat. 

^yilac" 5^K rdhat lU-holqaom, " Bahat 
lakoum,'' peace to the throat, 
a sweetmeat. 

A^ halama, he dreamed. 

A^\ . A^ holm, pi. ahldnij dream 

jji^. A>- hilm, gentleness; haleeni, 


Jl^ hallama, he showed kindness. 

iUL>> halama, teat, nipple. 

Jijj^\ ihtildm, puberty. 

]U- %a7(&, it was sweet to the taste. 

iyl^ ~^ haloo, or haldwa, sweet- 
ness ; freshness of water; "bak- 

ii^JLd- . yL^ holo (femin.), holwa 
(usually pronounced haho, 
halwa), sweet, nice. 

iJL>. ^U md holwa (mwai haloo), 
good water. 

^^]U- - i^^ halwa, pi. haldwa, 

^■j^. J. .>■ halwaji (Turkish), con- 

^^LJL^ halwdn, fee, perquisite, 
" tip '^ ; Helouan, a suburb of 

^jf^W - ^j^\ ahla, (femin.) holwa, 

^^J^ or ^l^ hala, or holla, he 
adorned with jewels. 

^Jl^ - jJlft- halt, pi. Ao/ty, jewel, 

>A^ or ^ hamma, or hammama, 
he heated the bath. 

Aomma, he was feverish, sick 

with fever. 

^.fl^Mil istahamma, he took a hot 
bath ; (colloquially) he bathed 
(in hot or cold water). 

djLMKfr. . i^4k»> homma, pi. Aom- 

maydt, fever. 
^Uo- ham/mdm, bath. 

^L4*>- hamd/m, dove, pigeon. [i%tij 

^yicK^ mahmoom, ill with fever. 

t\4^>- hamida, he praised ; hamd, 

jdJ vX4«" el'hamdo lillahi, Praise be 
to God ! 

iJ4X4»ac" el'hamdila, the phrase "^i- 
hamdo lillahi.^* 

S^\at^ . iiyAoe^ mahmida, pi. ma- 
hdmid, a praiseworthy action. 

i^^Asr^ Mohammad, praised, praise- 
worthy ; Mahomet, pronounced 
in Turkish, Mehmiet. 

t3JU«»- hameed, praiseworthy, a title 
of God ; Hameed. 

^^4^] ahmad, more praiseworthy ; 

4>yfflr* mahm/)od, praised; Mahmoud. 


( 67 ) 


iJyi^»- or Ju^l^ hdmid, or ha- 
mooda, names for men, similar 
to Hameed^ Ahmed^ Mohammad, 
Malimood^ &c. 

i^4k»- Aomra^ redness ; red brick 
powder mixed with cement. 

>Lio- ^^A^] ahmar, (femin.) hunird, 
red, brown. 

•SI iJLJy^] d-niot el'uJimarf red, 
bloody, violent death. 

-SI jCvJI el'hahr el-ahmar, the 

Bed Sea. 

hmnr, pi. of a.1unar, red men, 
or things. 

.. X^<^ himdr, pi. hamct r, 

.U>. ha7H7ndr^ donkey-boy. 
i^xik»- homairaj measles, red rash. 

•Liy>.| ihmirdry el turning red. 

hwDuyariy, Himyaric, the 

old language of El- Yemen, in 


malnnara, machine for mix- 
ing ^^homra^^ cement. 

jA^- hamaza, he pricked. [j^Jb 

JA^ hamz, piquancy. 

2miU»> hamdsa, bravery, energy. 

hammasa, he grilled, roasted 
peas, coffee, &c. 

hommos^ roasted peas. 

horns, or hivis, the town of 
Emesa, in Syria. 

^1 ^joXAt^ tahmees ti-bonn, the 

roasting of coffee-berries. 

mohammas, roasted. 

hamida, it was acid. 

ili4A>- or /idA»- himdy or homooda, 
acidity ; an acid. 

ijo^^ - tjAj>^ hdmid, pi. hawd- 
mid, chemical acid. 

ijaJ^4.^ hommaid, oseille, sorrel. 

SJfU^ or Jf-«^^ honiq, or hamdqa, 
crass stupidity ; insanity. 

^JJiJk>■ or ,j4o-l ahmaq, or hamqdn, 
utter fool, thickhead, one who 
flies into a blind rage. 

J.40- himl, load, burden ; 550 lbs., 
or 250 kilog., 200 oqes. 

J.40- hamala, he carried a load, 
bore; attacked; incited, caused. 

^^4i,!- hamilet, she was pregnant. 

J.4J&- hainl, a load, freight ; act 

of carrying, pregnancy; woollen 

J^4,>- hamal, ram ; Aries in the 

XJU^d- hamla, attack, onset ; a load 

of 60 oqes, 75 kilog.; octroi on 


JJ^^4o- - iltk^ liimdln, pi. hamdyil, 
sword-belt, sash. 

Jl4o^ hamnuU, a porter, carrier. 

iJ,Aa»- hamoola, cargo, freight, bur- 

^U>- hiiualvjf water-carrier. 

J^'^ AamiY, bearer (of a bill of 
exchange), carrier ; pregnant 
woman ; cause, incentive. 

(Jils>- hammd<if he loaded. 


( 68 ) 

fi • 

Jl4xC tahammala, he endured. 

{)ajl^\ ohtomila (passive)^ it was 

Jk4JbB^ - JUS^I ihtimdl, pro- 
bability; mohtamalf probable. 

(jAot* mahmal, litter, camd-load of 
the sacred carpet from Cairo to 
Mecca, and the return of the 
carpet of the previous year. 

iU»- - ^A»- hamoj (femin.) Kama, 
father-, mother-in-law. 

1^*^- hamaj he defended. 

^^U- hdmaf he defended, pleaded 
as a lawyer for his client. 

LU». himdya, protection, consular 
protection, hence a foreign pro- 
tected subject, not an Ottoman. 

[cf. iicj 

ixA^' himya, diet for a sick person. 

iu4^>- hamiyaj wrath, anger. 

^U- hdmi, defender ; hot ; potent 

iic> ^\sr*mohdmi 'anoh, his lawyer, 

iUW^ mohdmdty defence in court. 

^^jui>- hcmeeny sob. 

^^li>- or ^j|yi>- hanoon, or hanndn, 
sympathetic, tender. 

^U>- hinnd, henna, lawsonia alba ; 
a red stain for the fingers, hair, 

La»> Hanndf John. 

[cf . Lf* 


(J^i^Hanbal. The Im&m Abdullah 
75^/7 HdnbaJ, founder of one of 

the four great Sunui schools 
of orthodox Islam, and the most 
fanatic and austere of the four. 
780-855 A.D. Baghdad. 


_)Ljl.Jl»- hanbaliy, a follower of 
Hanbal ; relating to his sect. 

\Jl^\^ • ui^JU- hdnoot, pi. hawd- 
neet, shop. [^j^*^ 

^^9- hins, perjury ; hanisa, 
he broke his oath. 

hanja/ra, larynx, 
^ili^l - i*ii^ Ibanash, pi. ahndsh, 

snake, reptile. 
iioj^ hinta, wheat. [^^i 

LU^- hindt, balm, aromatics. 

iaJL^- hannata, he embalmed the 

JoyW hdnootiy, a washer of corpses 

for burial. [J*****^ 

caii'v- hanafa, he leaned, inclined. 

* ' hanafiya, tap, water-cock ; 

metal jug; bath-room. 

haneeff sincere in his in- 
clination towards Islam, a true 
follower of Abraham. 

Lftj>JL»- Eaneefa, Aboo Haneefa 
Na'mAn the Imam, founder of 
the most popular of the four 
great Sunni schools of orthodox 
Islam. 700-770 a.d. Baghdad. 

Kaneefiy, a follower of Aboo 
Haneefa, a Hanafee. 

dJlJi^. hanoAf palate, jaw, jowl. 

• • 


( 69 ) 


JbU». ory». hano, or hindyaj curve, 

or ^yL»> or LJi»- %ana^ or 

tahanna, it bent^ was bent^ 

A»- /tanna^ he made bend^ curved. 
h^\ inhanaj it was bent^ curved. 
munhcmiy bent, curved. 
hdbj sin, regret, anxiety. 
KZj\^\ - CLjy>^ Aoo^, pi. ahwdt, fish, 

large fish, whale ; Pisces in the 

^1^ hawwatiy, fisherman. 

c:^^ howaii, cunning, cheater. 

A»>1>- . ^^ hoj, necessity (see 
hdja) . 

Ac iSjar****' - [J^] Oioz) ; istahwaza 
*ala, he obtained. [j^ 

jj>- Aau^ar, or hdr, poplar-tree. 

j^ ~ y^ - j^' ahwar, (femin.) 
&cra, pi. hoor, possessing beau- 
tiful black eyes. 

^^^\ jyat^ eZ-AooreZ-'am, pi., black- 
eyed (damsels) of Paradise, 

ijf^ hooriya, (colloquial), houri, 
a black-eyed damsel of Para- 

^tf^ Aoort (Soudane8e),''dug-out " 
canoe used on the coasts of the 
Bed Sea. 

i^^l*^- .^U- hdwara, he conversed ; 
mohdwa/ra, conversation. 

(Vl^ haw&riy, apostle, disciple. 

•W* mdhdr, oyster, shell-fish. 
miWar, axis, cylinder, rolling- 

S:U»» or u». hdz, or hiydza, pos- 
session, enjoyment. 

ij^ hdza, sheep-fold ; a kitchen, 
or other enclosure; possession, 

j^scul or jU. hdza, or istahwaza, he 
possessed, obtained possession 

of. [jjp- 

jJU- hdyiz, possessor, holder, in 

ijtj^ . ^^ttJo- \jiy^ hdsh, pi. 
heeshdn, enclosure, courtyard ; 
hosha, open space. 

lAy-^ hawwasha, he collected, 
lumped together ; put by 
(money), economised. 

"^^l^ lA^ hoosh d'hardmiy, 

seize the thief ! stop him ! 

SLc^ hdsala, bird's crop, vesicle. 

^U^ or JJu<o^ - ijoy^ hod, pi. 
heeddn, or hiydd, dock for ships, 
reservoir; piece of cultivated 
land banked in for irrigation; 

LU- . ^^ hota, care, guard (see 
hata) . 

ciJU- i- [CJ^^*] Qidlc), hdka, he 
wove. [^«k*J 

J^ hoi, power, power of God. 

^L>- or A>- A^Za, or hawala, 
around, round about. 

^!L> or Jl^ hawdi, or hawaidn, 
transition, change. 



( 70 ) 


4lL». hawdla, transfer; bill of 
exchaDge^ money-order. 

**JL»- hawdliyy changeable, versa- 
tile, cunning. 

J^l . Jft»- hawal, squint; ahwcd, 
one who squints. 

JW^ - Jl^- hdl, pi. ahwdi (femin.), 
condition, state, circumstances ; 
trance, ecstasy. 

ijuis*** JU»-I ahwdl shakhsiya, 
'' Statut PersonneV Moslem 
law of marriage, successions, &c. 

JL>-1II ^\ji qardyin el-dhwdl, pro- 
babilities, circumstances of the 
case ; circumstantial evidence. 

CL^lIU* . 2L>- hdla, pi. hdldty state, 

«JJt iJla!' d'hdleto hazihi, now, in 

JW'^ - H'.^ hdldn, now; fiUhdly 
now, in fact, actually, at once. 
*JU. hdliy, actual. 

JJl». hdyilj changing; impedi- 

Ja»- - 2Ljl^ heela, pi. hiyal, ruse, 
trick; legal fiction. 

Jl>.| ahdla, he referred to, endorsed, 

3',^1 ihdliiy reference, transfer. 

J^ hawwala, he transferred, 
endorsed, converted, moved ; 
turned aside. 

\JL>h^ - J^^ tahwecl, pi. faA- 

weeldt, transfer, endorsement, 

bank-note, money-bill or order. 

MJUflC tahweela, reserve-bank of 
canal or river. 

J^flC tahawwala, it became trans- 
ferred or converted. 

JjI^ or JU^I ihtdia, or tahdyala, 
he was cunning; cheated. 

Jjlac or JUI»-I ihtiydl, or ^a/ia- 
yuZ, fraud, swindling. 

^MLu^I ihtiydliy, fraudulent, of 
false pretences. 

JlfiCUi) istahdla, it was absurd, 

Jafi^Uiw« muataheel, absurd. 

[cf. JjbuLMw« 
JUr* mohdly absurd. 

Jok^ moheel, transferor, endorser 
of a bill. 

p\^ Hawwd, Eve, the first woman. 

iJ^ imSy^^ or ^J^ hawa, or ihtawa 
\ilay it included. [J^a^ 

^Jb v^yii*^ or Vb^jIj>- /trtwi, or moh- 
tawi ala, including, containing. 

i^^ Kawiya, pad, camel-saddle. 

C^nJL^ ^^-i^^i^'^hn.ia placc whcrc, 
whereas ; mm Aatjj, whereas. 

i>a>^ haisiya, relevancy, status. 

4> *>- or tJo^ hayyada, or hawwada, 
he made turn aside. 

^jl^j}^ or S.>^ haira, or hayardn, 

^jxc or .1^- hdra, or tahayyara, 
he was astounded. 

^j^Lf^ or ^".^ hdyir, or hairdn, 

CL^Ii'^ - 8^'.^ hdra, pi. hdrdt, lane, 
narrow street. 

( 71 ) 


or ^j^J^ haid, or malieed, 

haiff injustice. 

Ja». hail J strength; a standing 

dAU^ ^Jb Jf qom *ala hailaiky 

stand upright ! stand up ! 

^j;Uj>.| .. ^ji^ heeuj pi. ahydn, 
time^ moment. 

uU»-I ahydndn, at times^ some- 

>\i)u^ heenayizirij then^ at that 

J*JL}^ haydniy (colloquial)^ ripe 
(fruit, dates, &c.). 

Ltf? - icf^ haya, he was alive ; 

ya/ta, he lives. 
Su^>- or iU»- kaydt, life. 
iUfli" 4V5JJ ^J ^ jaid el'haydt, alive, 
in a state of life. 

^U>-l - ^>. Aaiy, pi. ahyd, alive ; 
haiya, hasten ! look alive ! 

« ^U^ /layd, modesty; Aaiy, 
modest, chaste • 

^^jU* . 1;^:>- haiya, snake ; Aam, 

r^^jk^- haiwaiy, vital, pertaining to 

Cli^Ul^jL^- . uW^ Aatti^dn, pi. 
haiwdndty animal^ beast. 

1^1 or U»- hayyd, or a%d, he 
vivified, reclaimed waste land. 

Aa».1 or Ia^ taheeya, or i%d, 
a vivifying, reclaiming waste 

^^^^^Uil istaha, he felt ashamed, 

>U^UmI istihid, shame, modesty. 


mostahi, ashamed. 
mohee, (God) the Maker Alive, 

^UflC or ^^jJtf; Yahia, John Baptist. 
JUll ^-^ Aaty eWadlem, semper- 
mvum, calanchoe. 


^ Md. Value = 600. 
^yl>. Whdioon (Turkish), lady, 


{jo^ - ;^L>- Mdda, he forded 
(see klwd), 

ci^ - (^U- Jchdfay he feared 
(see klwf). 

^Ul»- hhdqdn (Turkish), Sultan. 

2U. - JU- ArAdZ, (femin.) Tthdla, 
maternal uncle, aunt (see *cum,m) ; 
suspicion, cloud; mole on the 
skin. [!Ic 

JU»- - Jl»- lihalay he imagined 
(see Maydl). 

aI>- fcAd?M (Persian), raw; calico; 



iuuol^ jly« - Lf*^ hhdmiy in 
mawddd khdmiya, raw materials 
or stuflfs. 

^^ — ^;l^ hhdna, he betrayed 
(see khon). 

^U- fcAdw (Persian), a title of the 
Sultan ; prince ; inn, hotel, 


( 72 ) 



JU . Jl»- Jthanwm, (TarkiBli)^ ladj 
(see Kdnum). 

il^ Jchdna, house^ shop; stalls 
place^ compartment^ pigeon- 

L^jyU- Jchdnoot (from hhdna), 
shop. [or CLyU* 

iuJl»- lihdniya, small canal by the 
side of a railway line. [iuuJU- 

u^ or ^yj^ hhabd, he concealed. 

p, j^s^l or ^. p^ taihabba, or 

istakhba, he hid himself. 

2JLu»- hhabeeya, a hidden thing. 

2ijl». khdbiya, jar, vat, dye-tub. 

makhbd, hidden; a hiding- 

a»- khabtisa, he was base, be- 
haved vilely. 

d^^jjA- . £U». Tchabdsa, infamy; 
khabees, infamous. 

.U*.| - tA^ fcAatar, pi. aH6ar, news. 
jX^ Ac 'ilm-Mabar, receipt, in- 

5jl>. Ichibra, experience, expertise, 

S^>a'' S-'^i' - J^' ^^^ el'lchibraj 
pi. orftoi d'khibra, a professional 
expert or surveyor. 

,A».| dkhbwra he informed, an- 

.U^l ikhbdr, information. 
u^4>^ p^V) |U»-I ikhbdr bi-amr kdzib. 

legal term for publishing a libel. 
muJkAMr, iDformAnt. 

m M 

i^j^ji^B^ mukhbir sirriy, secret in- 
formant, police detective, spy. 

•jI>. khdbara, he exchanged news, 

?^W* mokhdbara, correspondence. 

j>i^\m\ isiaklibara, he wished to 
know, inquired. 

.'jui»-l ikhtibdr, probation, on trial ; 
the examination of candidates. 

JK^ khobz, bread. CiAj^ 

a». khabaza, he baked. 


jUd- khahbdzy baker. Ccj'y 

ij^A^ makhbaza, bakery. 

\}H^ khobaiaa, geranium; mallow. 

(j^^ khdbasa, he mixed, muddled, 
trumped up, slandered. 

{jof^ khabs, vice, bad conduct, 

La». khahaia, he knocked, made a 

i3aA»- khabtay noise of knocking; 
knock ; noise in general. 

LjUflC takhbeety a making a noise. 

Joi- khahal, imbecility. 

Jl». khatamay he sealed the end 
of; ended. 

LjL^I i- >JL^ khaim, or khitm, pi. 

akhtd/in, seal, signet. 
Jl)^ . ^Sl^ khdtimy pi. khawdiimi 

iujl». . A^^ khitdm, or khdiimai 

end, finis. 
I /V*Ia»- ftAitamty, final. 

( 78 ) 


>- khatma, recitation of the 
Koran; the Koran. 

Jl^ khaitdmj engraver of seals 

^Jx^ hhatana, he circumcised. 

[ Jb 
^U^ Jchttdn, circnmcision. 

^^yiar* TnaMioon, circumcised. 

^lae^ - {Ja^ khajal, blush; Tchaj- 
Ian, bashful. 

J*K^ hhdkhdm (Turkish), Jewish 

t3^4V»- . iV^ kha/Jd, pi. hhodood, 
cheek. [^^j 

Sjdr* mikhadda, pillow, cushion. 
2ssr«V>- Khadeeja, the first wife of 



.iVi- khadiraj he was torpid, be- 

•*x>- khaddara, he made sleep by 
a soporific. 

.Jar* mokhaddir, a soporific, or 
strong liquor. 

>. khadasha, he scratched. 

a4X>- khada'a, he deceived. 

itejij^ or ^«X»> or a)«X»> khidd'a, or 

khoda'a, or khadee^a, deceit, a 
ruse, trickery. 

ci>dr« mikhda^f alcove, bedroom. 

M^^ khadama, he served. 

A^i^Ufl istakhdamaf he employed, 
took as servant. 

l«cX»- or x«l«V>- khiddma, or 
Jdiidma, pi. khtdam, service, 

Ai4\i- khadddm, a servant. 

^*3^ - A4>L>- khddim, pi. khadama, 
servant ; (in Turkish) eunuch. 

j^So ^ Imk^ mustakhdam, employe; an 

^jJcr* 7nakhdoom, master, the per- 
son who is served; (in Turkish) 
a son. 

^J^ khedccv (Persian), prince. 

v^^iis*- Klicdemiy, the Khedive, Khe- 

t|^^J«" S->LiJ' EUjandb eUKIie- 
devriy, H.H. The Khedive. 

Sfy^J^' AAJi^l 5^1 el'hadrat el- 

fakheemat el'KIiedewiya,'ELis Ex- 
alted Highness The K!hedive. 

tXJ»-l - tLd- Mud (imperative of 
akhaza), take ! 

j^ kharecr, murmur of running 

^\j^ - ^f^j»- kharia, he went to 
stool; kliird, stools. 

LjiJp- khariba, it was in ruins. 

^jb.^ or «--^;^ kharibj or kharbdn, 
ruined, in ruins, spoilt, out of 

>. kharrdba, he ruined, devas- 

-j»lp. kliardby ruin, desolation; a 


T^^y^ kharroob, carob. 
tj^,j^ kharbasha, he scratched. 
iJLijs^ kharbasha, a scratch. 
c:^^ kharata, he pierced. 

ppj^ kharajay ho went out. 


( 74 ) 

•» • 

>-l ahhraja, he took, sent, or 
drove out; exported. 

I istahhrajay he extracted, 

1,-d.l — ^j^ kharj, pi. dkhrdj, 

expense, outlay. 

>. khorj, saddle-bag, wallet. 
1^ hhardj, land-tax, tribute. 

».L»- kha/rdjiy, land paying the 
ordinary tax (see 'oshooriy). 

».^ kharja, outlet, balcony. 

^•^ khoroojf a going out, issue, 
exit ; exodus. 

-J, .U- hhdrij, he who goes out, ex- 
temal, exterior. 

^ ^j^ hhdrij ^cm, outside of, 

abroad; exclusive of. 
i^J^ khd/rijiy, foreign, external. 

i^^J^^ i.UaJ nazdrat el-khdrijiya. 
Ministry of Foreign Afeirs. 

-jysr* makhraj, place of issue, exit. 

S(X-j>j^ khareeda, a virgin, un- 
pierced pearl. l^*^y 

CL>)jt>^ - idj^- khorda, pi. khor- 

dawdt (Persian), small ware, 
pedlar^s haberdashery, trash ; 
copper money. 

L^*lf^ khordaji (Turkish), pedlar^ 

Ji)^ khardalf mustard. 

jj^ kha/razy chaplet of (glass) 

^ khirs, hard bad soil, inferior 


»- kharas, dumbness. 

^j«M^I akhraSy dumb. 

^^^^.^^-•'I ikhras (imperative), hold 
your tongue ! 

yjnyj^ khoros (Turkish) , cock ; 

^ytji>' kha/rshoof, artichoke. 

ioj^ kharata, he turned on a lathe. 

)o\jj^ kharrdt, a turner. 

r* mikhrata, lathe, 
tj jsr* makhroot, turned, cone. 

»jyir* makhrootiy, conic, conies. 

iSo^U- or iioij^ khareeta, chart, 

(^y^j^ khortoom, proboscis, snout ; 
the town of Khartoum in the 
Soudan where the two Niles 
meet after forming a narrow 
spit or snout of land. 

fji>^\ - Qj^ khara^, (or better) 
ikhtara^a, he invented. 

cipi^l ikhtird^a, invention, story, 
good idea. 

o^^ hharwa^j castor-oil tree. 

i\j^ khardf, a gathering of crops 
or fruit. 

i}j^ khareef, harvest-time, au- 

^J^J^ - ^}j^ kharoof, pi. khirfdn, 

ii]j^ khordfa, nonsense, false no- 

^jj^ kharaqa, he rent, tore. 

jlj^ kharq, a rending, rent, tear. 

( 76 ) 


iij^ khirqa, ohemise; rag, ragged 

Mj^ hharmj or khorm, a short cut 
across, hole, a piercing. 

%^^j^ hhamoob, fruit of acacia 
nilotica. [l^^ 

imjj^ kharwasha, rustle, rustling' 

J^ khazz, coarse silk. 

jj^ khazar, Caspian. 

jj^'j^ - iJlfj^ khaizardn, pi. kha- 
ydzir, cane, bamboo. 

i^ACp- khaza'bla, quackery, hum- 

Jj^ khizdm, nose-ring ; twitch ; 

t<^}}^ ^^ozdma, lavender. 

^j^ khazzana, he stored in a ma- 

^]^ - ijiij^ khazeena^ pi. kha- 
zdyin, treasury, cash or pay 
department ; wardrobe. 

^:W*-^j^jA^ makhzaUj pi. makhd- 
zin, magazine ; cesspool under 
a house. 

7jkf makhzanji (Turkish), store- 
LjS- khaziya, humiliation. 

ijM^ khassa, (the Nile) fell ; the 
liquid sank or decreased in a 

JjjJl ^»N^ khass en-neely low Nile. 

»- khass, coss-lettuce. 

jMNb»- khasees, miser; moan. 

>- khastaka (Persian), sickness, 

mokhastik, sick, out of 

>- khasira, he suffered loss; it 
was damaged. 

JUmS- . 3^LmS- khasdra, pi. kha- 
sdyir, loss, damage. L/^ 

J\j**i>^ khasran, one who has suf- 
fered loss; profligate, bankrupt. 

i iy.i^ khosoof, eclipse of moon. 

^jSi- khashsha, he entered. [Ji^J 

v^ll»-l - C,^>%*iLg» khashab, pi. aA;^'- 
shdb, timber. [cf. Ly-.^lo^- 

JjlkJLsc takhsheeba, wooden hut, 

- ->. khishtj dagger, pike. 

khishkhdsh, poppy, opium. 

>. khasha'ay he was humble. 

i^J\jL^ khushdf (Persian khoeh db), 
a sweet drink. 


A • 

A . 

khasham, loss of sense of 

^yiA^ khnishoom, cartilage of nose. 

^j^#i^ khashin, coarse, rough to 
the touch. 

iiyi*^ khoshoona, coarseness. 

^J:*^ khashia, ho feared ; 

yakhsha, he fears. 

ii-l or ^JLaC takhashsha, or 
ikhtasha, he felt ashamed. 

E^ miA;/t^i8Ai, bashful, ashamed. 

xl»- khashia. shame. 

* - khashsha, he terrified ; 
growled at. 


* • 

( 76 ) 

.Ull ^ ^^ifM^ khashicUan min d- 
a'dr, from shame of the dis- 

i»- hhoss, hut of straw ; sentry- 
box, ^u^y^ 
t»- khasaa, it was special. 

khosoosy specialty ; point 
in question. 

\^ hhosoosty, special^ private 
(as a letter). 

^l^ khassy special^ private; privy 
or royal. 

iLc\^ "ijyd ddyira Mdssa, the Khe- 
dive^s private property, house- 
hold^ or affairs. 

{jc\y^ - ho[^ Jchdssa, pi. khawdss, 
specialty, virtue, quality. 

^^>ja^ . Ju^'^ khdssiya, pi. kha- 
sdyisy faculty, a special quality. 

makhsoos, special. 

makhsoosdn, especially, 

khassasaj he designated, 

mokhassaSf set apart; al- 

fjox^] ikhtassa, he was, or thought 
himself, competent; it apper- 

fjcLoLX^-] ikhtisdsy competence (of 
a tribunal), special jurisdiction. 

mukhtasSy competent. 

or iw^'^'v- kliishy or khosoobay 
lertility of soil. [< 

»-/ aMsaba, it was fertile. 

or C»^,r^ khaseeby or 
mokhsiby fertile. 

j^^y^ - S^l^ khdsiray pi. Ma- 
wdsir, waist, or narrow part of 

j.^u^\ ikhtasaray he abbreviated, 
was concise. 

.Lfli^l ikhtisdry brevity, summary, 

j^dxat* mukhtasaTy summarised. 

J^wid»- . iiLs»- khaslay pi. khisdly 
nature, quality. 

>.ia»- khasamay he deducted. 

>^'^ khdsaraay he quarrelled, liti- 

^l^^l - d^^>^^ khasniy or khwnhy pi. 
akhsdniy enemy, opponent, ad- 
versary in a law-suit. 

^UMa>- or V^Mfi^. - f^i"^^ khaseemy 

pi. khosamdy or khosmduy oppo- 

Myc^ - ^^lO^- klwsmy pi. khosoomy 
side ; share. 

>- khosoomay enmity, rivalry. 


3uJl4^^fla>> or jX^»- khisdmy or A:At^- 
mdniyay enmity. 

dd ^A'^ yokhsam laho, it is to be 
deducted for him, he is entitled 
to the deduction. 

^yto^ J ijy^^ osool wa khosoomy debit 
and credit. 

>.l or ^^^^ khasay or akhsay he 

^..o^ khasiyy pi. khisydn, 


( 77 ) 


^ hhadb, verdure^ yegetation. 

a>- hhiddb, stain or dye from 
hezma^ &o,j for the hair or 

i«^>- khodra, greenness. 

*j;-fl^ -^^-to-l akhdaVj (femin.) kha- 
drd, green, grey. 



jLa^ or ^^-a>* khodar, 

or khodaTy or khoddrdt, greens, 

A^ khodariy, greengrocer. 
a». khadir, St. George, Elias. 

a>. khdda'a, he was humble. 

a>- khodooa\ humility. 

^l^ khddia\ humble, obedient, 

IsJa^ - k^ khatty pi. khotooty line, 
line of writing, handwriting, 

|,j5ju«^I kaJI ^^ Wa /-Ma« el- 
mostdqeemyin a straightforward 


^lyUfSI la>- Maf^ ehistiwdy lino of 

JIjocSI k^ MaY^ cl'ia'tiddl, line 
of tropic. 


^^4jL^ ^ Jla». khatty tva khitiny, 
my hand and seal. 

^ khattiyy linear ; of hand- 

''^>- khattdty calligrapher; a good 

>. kkattay he drew a line, wrote 
in lines. [ jiom 

>lla». khatdy error, accident, [lal^ 

aJo^ khatd'an, by accident, by 

(^1^..^ ^ ^l U-'v- khatd wa sawaby 

corrigenda, errata. 

IjIL»- . iSS^L^ khatiya, pi. khatdy dy 
error, sin. 

>. khataba, he preached, ad- 
dressed a speech or letter; asked 
in marriage. 

iuL»> khitba. betrothal. 

?f ^t U '^ khotba, sermon, bidding 
prayer for the Sultan ; be- 
trothal ; speech. 

h^[^ . C^*^ khdtiby (fem.) khd- 
tibay betrotlier; preacher. 

^_A * V^-*^ khateeb, betrothed : 

d^'jIL^ - L-jlki- khitdby pi. khi" 
tdhdty speech, epistle. 

(w^^^ khdtabay he made a speech, 

■ iAtlar* mokhdtahay correspondence. 

I " 

, t,_- W "i^ mokhdtaby the person 
spoken to; 2nd person (in 
grammar) . 

.LL-.d-l .j.1o.^ khataryjA, akhtdry 
danger, risk. 

ia^l akhtaray he warned,reminded. 

j^st< or iki- khatir or mokhtir, 
dangerous, risky. 

.Ll^ - S^Lsr* makhtaray pi. ?Ha- 
khdtir, a danger. 

^Li- ■ ^U- khdtiry pi. khawdtir, 
mind; idea, pleasure, sake, me- 


( 78 ) 


sJo[^ hhdti/roh (colloquial) ^ as he 
pleases ; never mind ! 

?.lla>- Ichattdra, bed of river ; en- 

k^ijh^ khatrafa, he was delirious. 

iieJ^] or u^Strv- khatafa, or ikkta- 
tafa, he kidnapped^ eloped with, 

ala». hhatf, elopement, seizure, 



ilL»- khattdf, a large hook, 

>. khitamiyy mallow, double 
mallow, ^'guimauve/' 

U3>- khatdj he took a step. 

KZj]tfa^ . S^L»- khatway pi. khatwdt, 
a step, stride, pace. 

khiffa, lightness in weight, 


i». khaffafa, he lightened, re- 
lieved, lessened a weight or 

takhfeef, relief, indulgence, 

ji>- khafeef, light, trifling, slight. 
ft». khuffj slipper, shoe; camel's 



• • 


khifftya, lightness, light- 

*Ur^l istikhfdf, a desire to al- 

0^ khafara, he guarded (espe- 
cially by night). 

S^Li-d- OTjSu»- khafar, or khifdra, 
g^aard, ni^ht- watch. 

Ai^ - jifi^ khafeeTf pi. khofard, 
night-watchman, village pea- 
sant police; ghafeer, 

.^U- khdfoor, oats, rye; avena 

dft»» khafada, he abased, hollowed 

L^ fW khifda, '^ kesra" or *^i'' 
vowel-sound. [s,.^. - S^ 

jfA». khafdqa, it palpitated. 

^^Uft^ khafaqdn, palpitation. 

^i>- or U>. khafdf it vanished; 
or khafia, it was hidden, [ui. 

A».) akhfa, he hid a thing. 

oji^l ikhtafa, he hid himself. 

Ulii- - i<A>- khafiy, pi. Miafdyd, 
hidden, secret. 

2ji>. khifiatdn, in secret. 

makhfif stealth, by stealth ; 


^oacjl Za yakhfa, it is not hidden, 
it is well known. 

Jl>- - Jli- khalel, pi. fcAtZoZ, injury, 
vice, defect. 

Ujj Jl^I akhalla hi, he caused injury 

J)l>-I ikhldl, a doing injury. 


u-;(j3r* mokhill hi injurious to. 

Ji>.| ikhtalla, it was injured, dis- 

Jll^l ikhtildly confusion, disorder, 

[f^ I .ywiJI Jjiar* mokktall esh'sh^O'Oor, 

deranged in mind. 
JS- khally vinegar. 


( 79 ) 


Jl»- khUal, tooth-pick^ a pricker. 


J^ JehiU, sincere. 

JjI». khaleel, sincere ; Charles. 

2l». Tdiilla, prickly shrub ; khalla, 
quality, nature. 

». hhcUaba, he tore with the 

. cuJidr^ mikldah, pi. makh- 
dlih, claw, talon. 

^m>^a!L> khalboos, liar ; buffoon ; lie, 

^lac**' ffi^ khcUeej, pi. khvljan, 

strait, channel ; Golden Horn ; 
Canal of Cairo. 

,jjll»-1 ikhtUdjj commotion of mind, 
nervous prostration, palpitation. 

Jj^l^ - J^ khalkhdl, pi. 
khaldkhed, woman^s anklet ; 
convict^s ankle-ring. 

jJ^ . 4>^1l^ kholood, eternity ; 
khdlid, eternal, a dweller in 

^^^^Ji>.l - ((jJ^) (khcUasa), ikh- 
talasa, he defrauded. 

^^ll»*l ikhtUds, fraud ; " detov/r- 

i^ mukhtalis, swindler. 

^ywllU- khildsiyj mulatto, mixed. 

^^^^l^ khalasa, it was pure, sincere, 
safe; was finished. 

^^^d)L». kholos (colloquial), it came 
to an end ; was completed. 

fjel^ khalds, end, safety. 

»> Jdiuldsa, essancej pith^ gist. 

{joS^ kholoos, sincerity, salvation. 

^U- khdlis, pure, safe, thorough, 

fjoiS^ khallasa, he completed ; saved. 

^ _jLflC* takhaUasa mm, he saved 

himself from, got out of a 

(j^\^ khdlasa, he discharged a 

^1>-) iklddsy sincerity. 

^je^at^ mokhUs, sincere. 

sr« makhlaSf means of salvation 
or escape. 

jLalls^mo%;/iaZa^a, receipt, discharge 
of debt. 

LLd- khcdata, he mixed. 

blU-l . Ll». khilt, pi. akhldt, mix- 
ture, humour. 
iiUl^ khalta, mixture. 

ialld-l ikhtalata, it became mixed, 
it formed a mixture. 

loliS-l ikhtildt, mixture, compo- 

Lildr^ viukhtalit, mixed, complex, 

^^as^makhlootjiaixed, adulterated. 

«i^ khala'a, he undressed. 

«i»- khalla^a, he sprained, dislo- 

«)icl inkhala'a, it was sprained, 

jImI^- khila'a, robe of honour. 

fi^]L»- kholooa^j a sprain, dislocation. 

•L>. khoVa divorce^ repudiation. 


( 80 ) 


mjX^ or JU- Jchdlia^y or khalee^a, 
shameless, profligate. 

iU- Jchalafa, it came next/ suc- 
ceeded to. 

il^ khalf, after, next. 

aI^ Wialafy a successor, next 
man after. 

aI^ WiUfj different, opposite. 

»lftld- . ^i^S!^ A^A'OZee/a, pi. khidafdf 
'^ Caliph '^ or Khalif, successor 
of Mahomet; vicar, agent in 

iils>^ khildfa. Caliphate, successor- 

1 t^ '^ khUdfy contrary, other, 
besides, \,jJ^ 

iuH^ J wa khildfohf etcetera. 

LflJl-^ khilfa, a second crop ; a 

u^U- khdlafa, he contravened, 

XflJlar* mokhdlafa, opposition; ^^con- 
travention/' or petty offence. 

u-ill«r* mokhdlif, opposing, con- 

>-l ikhtalafa, it differed from, 

itx^] ikhtildf, difference, varia- 

u-iUae* mtiHiaZiJ, various, different. 
XiJlar* makhloofa, camel-litter for 
women. ^t*^^ 

dli. khcddqa, he created. 

&- or JflU- khdliq, or khaXlaq, 

jflCU-l ikhtalaqa, he lied, trumped 
up a story, invented a tale. 

^jJLL^I ikhtildq, lie, humbug, 

iSld- or jfli- khalq, or khilqa, crea- 
ture, people. 

^;jA^ jfL>- A;%'aZ; kateevy a great 

crowd, mob. 
J3UI - jfU^ iAoZgr, pi. aklddqy 

character, nature. 

ol jjJLaro makhlooqdtj created 

^Jli- khalqiy, congenital. 

jfJlU- khaldyiq, (in Turkish) con- 
cubine, female slave. 

lU- kJiald, it was empty; he was 

^JL^ kJwlia, he was stripped or 

robbed of. 


j^jL&-l or ^^^ khalla, or aklila, he 
evacuated, emptied. 

JjJuJI ^^^l^ kkalla es-sabcel, he 
cleared the path, i.e. discharged 
a prisoner. 

^^Li^l ikhtala, he retired into pri- 

Sl>- or pI^ khaldy solitude, open 
deserted space; suburbs. 

^^ kholooy emptiness, immunity. 

i^ khalwa, retirement, inner 
private room, chapel. 

J^l iA^ khaldyat en-nahl, bee- 

Jl>- khdlif empty, of no occupa- 
tion ; free from. 


( 81 ) 

^L»- khallee I let it alone I never 
mind I 


CJS\j ^Jl»- Ichdllec bdlaJc ! take 

care I look out I 
-JbC - ^Jli. hhala, he cut forage ; 

yakhlij he cuts. 

^Jar* mikhla, scythe, sickle. 

ilar« mikJddt, nose-bag for horses, 
receptacle for forage. 

^ khomood, numbness, debility. 

^ or^4^ khamara,or khmnmara, 
he made leavened bread, caused 

ul».) ikhtamara, the leaven rose ; 
it fermented. 

ijXA^ khameeray leaven, yeast. 
^^•S- or ijA^^ khamra, or khamr, 

wine, any fermented liquor. 
i.U^ khammdra, tavern, hotel. 
». kiwms, one-fifth part. 

^ khamsa, (femin.) 
khams, five. 

il>. khdmis, the fifth in order. 

^jXmJt^ or ^ymj^ khamsoon, or 
khamseen, fifty. 

iifcjuid:" w y^ eUkhamees, Thurs- 

^^^jiM#U»- khamdseen, the ^^1/ days 
between Easter and Pentecost ; 
a hot sand-storm which blows 
during Spring. 

^^j4^ kh(Mnmana, he guessed, sup- 

^jjuie taklkmeen, a guessing, ap- 
proximate idea. 

VuL^jg" takhmeendn, approximately, 
at a guess. i>Hf^ 

[X^- - ^JLLd- khunsa, pi. A:Ai- 
?ias, hermaphrodite, effeminate 

takhannasa, he was effem- 

ii^ rywkhannaSf effeminate, im- 

>. khanjar, dagger, cutlass ; 
hence our word ^' hanger.^' 

^Jt>U^ - ^Sx^ khandaq, pi. khor 
nddiq, ditch, trench. 

jtj^^ "j^jx^ khinzeeTy pi. khand- 
zeer, pig. 

^j}j[x»~ >1 J da khandzeeriy, scrofula. 

jcj^ khmisur, little finger; pen- 

^^jJt[xs>^ - wiii*. khonfasdy pi. kha- 
ndfisy beetle, scarab. 

^jXs>- khanaqa, he strangled. QiiLi 

jfJL^ khanq, strangulation, as- 

jfJui-l ikhtanaqa, he felt choked, 
was strangled, died of asphyxia. 

^jLJLi. khundq, throat, larynx ; 

JfUL^ khindq, quarrel, scuffle ; 

>.|^ khaivdja (Persian, khoja, 
professor), Sir, Mr., a European 

>.I^ khoja (Persian), professor, 

^^ khokh^ peach. 


( 82 ) 


1^^ hhokha, a wicket-gate or 
small door cut in a big gate^ 
" guichet,'* 

j\j>'^ "j^ Jc^or, pi. akhwdr, dry 
water-course, nullah, ravine. 

jc.^ hhooriy (Syrian), Christian 

(jo^ khoosj palm-leaf, palm straw. 

(joyae^^ J^l '^ Had eUkhoos/' Palm 
Sunday. C^;:}^'^ 

{jiy^ hhody a fording, being ford- 

^ji\^ hhdda, he forded, waded. 

iclar* makhdda, a ford. 

ikj^ or («J^ khdf^ or kheefa, fear. 

_ («JU- kliafay ho feared ; 
yakhafy he fears. 

jc>. or uJJU- khdyiff or khiyyaf, 

5U-1 or \^^khawwafa,orakhdfay 
he frightened. 

SiU-l or i_fl*j'^ takhweef, or ikhdfa, 


jiflsk^ makhdfay fear. 

i-ijar^ moklieefy terrific. 

J*i. khawaly a man dressed up as 
a woman, an obscene dancer. 

i|J^ - Li!^ H^%^ pl« kJioliya, 
bailiff, gardener. 

XJIa^ or ^*^ fcA^7i, or khiydnay 

^JU- khdyin, traitor. 

^^^^i: - lo'^ 17/ dna, he betrayed; 
f/aA:/wonj be betr&jB. 

^lafc* ij^j' O'Otomina fa-khdna, ho 
was trusted, and he betrayed ; 
a legal term for breach of con- 
fidence or trust. 

Ilxj^^ khaiba, disappointment, 
failure in hopes. 

«w.^3U. khdyib, disappointed, un- 

j^ khair, goodness, excellence, 
happiness ; good, excellent ; 
better, best. 

\l)jj^jS kattar khairak, Thanks ! 
May your happiness increase ! 

i^jJ^ khairiy, good, happy; pious, 

.Ui- khiydr, choice; cucumber. 

.li^l ikhtdra, he chose ; opted. 

.Lu^l ikhtiydr, choice, option ; 
an old man, a venerable senior. 

^cXxx^] ikhtiydriyy optional. 

J3at^ mukhtdr, chosen ; a village 

jj^ or jX^\ akhyar, or khah', 
better, best. 

ijJ^ 3 U^ J^ f^okhayyar bain 
wa bain, he who has the option 
between this and that. 

jj^j<^ - ^j}J^ khaizardnj pi. kha- 
ydzir, cane, bamboo. 

,^jtj^^ khaishf coarse canvas or 
goats^-hair sacking ; a sack ; 
Bedouin tent. 

loU^I . kA^ khait, pi. akhydty 

iLJ^U^ khiydta, needle- work ; a 


( 83 ) 


loLAflC . ys- hhdta, he sewed ; 
yakheetj he sews. 

IqI^ khayyata, he sewed. 

loU^ khayydt, tailor. 

hhayycUa, sempstress ; 

mikhyat, needle. [5^1 

or kj«»sr« mokhayyaty or 
makhyooty sewn. 

JU&. khaydly stadow, phantom, 
spectre ; imagination. 

JUl>. khaydliy, imaginary, unreal. 

Jlir « JU^ khdla, he imagined ; 

yakhdl, he imagines. 

Jjti* takhayyala, he imagined. 

r •* - 

Jl». khdly suspicion, cloud, mole 
on the face ; maternal uncle. 

Ajl^- . J'J^ khail, pi. khuyool, 
horses, cavalry. 

Jo^ — ^J>^la^ hisdn, horse ; pi. 
khaily horses* 

21a[>- . Ju^ khayydlj pi. khayydla, 
cavalry. t^^'^ 

aU»- . iujo- khaima, pi. khiydm, 

VilJftUJI ^!t> eZa el-molook^ gout, 
ijb eJdcZa, nurse, 
.jj - 8^b -lit) e?ar, house ; ddyira, 
circle (see cior). 

c!t> dagrA (Persian), brand for 

At> « l^Jb - Alt> cZama, it endured ; 

ddyimd, always (see dawdm). 

^]d (lay (Turkish), uncle, senior, 
governor, " Dey '^ of Algiers. 

Llj ddya, midwife. 

L— >J dahha, it crawled, moved the 
feet, kicked, made a noise. 

C^^J dabeeb, noise of footsteps. 

L-Jt> dibb, bear. 

ul^Ufc) i^lt> ddbba, pi. dawdbb, 
quadruped, beast of burden, 
cattle. [^jit^yo 

is^Md decbdja (Persian), brocade, 
ornament ; preface, illuminated 
preface, or opening chapter of 

L— >4iJt> dabdaba, he made a noise. 

t^iXitVl tadabdaba, it was pointed, 

covered with cobwebs, as it 
were spiders^ tents. 

jdr* tnofc/myyaw, tented; a camp; ; c-Jd;c>^ modafedafc, conical, pointed. 

Xid] , jt> dubr, pi. adbdvy pos- 
terior, end, finis. 

yd\ - f^*3 dabara, or adbara, he 

turned his back, fled. 
j\jd\ 0Vj\jd dabdr, or irf6ar, ruin, 
d Dal. Value = 4. misfortune. 

•-Iji)! - >b da, pi. arftc;a, disease. e^lr^*^' Aldabardn, a constellation 

( 84 ) 

M m 


jjd dabbara, he administered^ 

JdS tadabbara, he plotted, con- 

•JjjJ tadbeer, management ; in 
Moslem law, freedom of a slave 
on the death of his master. 

^i3^ modahbir, a manager. 

jjS^ mitdbir, turning the back, 

SyUj dobdra, string, twine; trick, 

^i*yt> dabbooa, pin, mallet. 

^£jd dabsh, rough blocks of build- 
ing stone, '^ moellons/* [d^^uJd 

mjd ddbagha, he tanned. 

cUi) dabbdgh, tanner. 

«^J^ madbaghy tannery. 

^d dibq, bird-lime. 

SLd dibla, finger-ring; tumour, 

e;W*i or ^d dibbdn, flies. 

^J - Z'W^*^ ^^J^Jf P^' ^^W* fowl. 

Jla-J dajala, he deceived, played 
the quack. 

JU-J dajjdl, Anti-Christ; false 
prophet; charlatan, quack. 

2L».4) dijla, river Tigris, Hidekel. 

^j^<^ dahraja, he rolled, revolved. 

^j^-X^ modahraj, globular, round; 

c^iJ c^aMeJa, be entered. 

J^i> dokhool, entry, entrance. 

aLJJ^J dohhooUya, octroi at town 

{J^d dakhl, income, manner. 

S^d dahhla, right of entry, foot- 
ing, interference. 

tX^d duJchla, consummation of 

Jji>-»3 dakheel, enterer, guest. 

J^lt> ddkhil, enterer, entering; 
interior, internal. 

XaI^-Ij ddkhiliya, (ministry of) the 

{J^d\ or Jo.i> dakhkhala, or ad- 
khdla, he made enter, admitted, 
brought in, imported. 

J^liiJ or Jl^Ii) ddkhala, or tadd- 
khdla, he interfered, inter- 

iJL>-|j^ moddklialay interference, 

J^J^ madkhal, place of entry. 

j^i) dakhana, it gave out smoke. 

^jli-J dukhdn, smoke; tobacco. 

^l»-(> v.-^ sharaba dukhdn, he 
smoked tobacco, i.e. inhaled it, 
drank it in. 

^i^U-i) daklidkhiniy, tobacconist. 

JuL^j^ madkhana, chimney, funnel. 

jjd-i) dokhn, millet, panicum milia- 

jjd - 5^4) dorra, pi. dorar, pearl. 

^.4> dorriy, brilliant, flashing, 


( 85 ) 


ijj or i .4>1 idui^a, or durra, maize. 
}jd dard, he repulsed^ refuted. 

uu^i) m ^^4> darb, pi. dorooh, 
road^ path^ custom. 

^«g/;];^ darabzoon (Greek trapeza) , 

loDg desk^ long counter ; rail- 

£l|^hi> dardhodkka, native drum. 


2^i> darbaka, noise, uproar. 

^^4> daraja, he inserted, inscribed, 
entered in the accounts. 

^jj) indaraja, it was inserted, 

-p, .4> dar;, insertion, registration. 

-^^4> darraja, he graduated, made 

go by degrees. 

^ ijj tadreej, graduation. 

^ .JaJU hit-tadrcej, by decrees, 

^jj^i> - -jyJ dor/, pi. dorooj, drawer, 
box, casket. 

sju\^jd - i»|Mt> daraja, pi. darajdt, 
degree, step. 

** A f7 ft 

^Ca^i> J jl awwal darajay first step ; 
(court) of first instance. 

-pr^li) f/ari/, common, in common 

^It> ^'^ //«a7i rfanj, common 
dialect or language. 

^1 .4> dorrdj, francolin. 

^^Jw« mudrajf roll of paper, scroll. 

^j*^ mundarij, contents, con- 
tained in. 

IfCfjd dirdiy, sediment, mud. 
.Ii3^4> dirddr, elm tree. 
j|^4> . ^c^4) druziy, pi. dorooz, 

Druse, a warlike pagan race 
in Mount Lebanon and the 

ij^ji^ darasa, he studied, threshed 

f^jj darrasa, he taught. 

U^i;*^ - VJ^*^ rfar«, pi. daroos, 

jLamUj dirdsa, teaching, educa- 
tion ; study. 

»i,J\x^ ^imjik^madrasay 'pl.maddris, 

1M-J4V0 mod arris, teacher. 
ij*»\fd dirdsy a threshing. 
j>*«j ,J drees, hay, dry berseem or 

clover; chaff, husks, 
ici jj or c .t> dira\ or dorr da' a, 

cuirass, smock. 
e ttVc or c .1j ddri'a, or modarra'a, 

ironclad, cuirassier. 

(«J.i> - iJ.J darafa, pi. diraf, 

^i> daraq, Adani^s apple in the 

iSjd daraqa, shield. 

^]jd or ^lf;t> dordq, pitcher, ewer, 
long-nocked bottle. 

hSj^d doorqa'a (Persian), depres- 
sion in floor, a sunken floor. 

CJfi) darak, supervision. 

viJjJ - iixd daraka^ ^l. doxoJk «^ 


( 86 ) 


watcliman's post or beat; a 
fixed station. 

-jUll iJiid daraJcat eUbdb. ves- 

tibule (see dirka). 

vil.jl adraka, he caugtt at, per- 
ceived, understood; arrived at 
age of puberty or discretion. 

\lJ\jd\ idrdk, perception; age of 

CJf«3^ mudriky intelligent, adult. 

viJ .IjJ taddraka, ho provided for, 

Ujd dirka (for Persian der-gydh) , 
doorway, vestibule. 

j^ib\jd - j^Jbjd dirhem, pi. dardhim, 

(Greek drachme) drachm, dram, 
481 grains; 3*12 grammes; 400 
dirhcms equal an oqqa; an old 
name for silver money. 

A^\jd dardhiniy money, cash, [jyu 

«•. J dirwa, parapet; shelter-trench, 

low wall. ^hj^ 

uA^y - lAj;*^ darwcesh, pi. 

dardtveesh (Persian), beggar at 

the door; monk, fanatic. 

^ fCjd dara hiy he knew. 

fC^d] adra, he informed, explained. 

hLd dirdya, intelligence. 

fc\ 404>1 L« md adrt ai {madri e), 

(colloquialism), "I don't know 
what not ;'^ " etcetera. '^ 

ijijCk^ midra, bar, pitchfork. [,^ji 

ix)jd dozeena (European), dozen. 

f^j^^ dassa, he hid, spied, touched, 


tM»,jJlj bid'du88, by stealth. 

imJUmi) . LmJ^J daseesa, pi. daadyisy 
intrigue, plot. 

ijMy*»\^ or^y.^XwO dasees, or ddsoos, 

spy. Ec^'w^ 

vjl-rrn^ dast (Persian), hand. 

£um4) cZa^^a (Persian), packet, quire, 

jJuid dastoor (Persian), permis- 
sion; break off ! (military drill) ; 
register ; code of law ; corner- 
stone, foundation-stone ; cut 
stone in general. 

^4) dasam, Shrove Sunday, Quin- 

jfjk^d Desember (European), De- 

UjJLJumi) disenteriyd (European), 

illA^t> dashecsha. bruised corn ; 

inferior wheat. 

v::^«> dasht (Persian), confusion, 
waste paper, rubbish. 

2id dashsharaj he dismissed, 

J^i^ tadsheeTy a getting rid of. 

^mcd da's, a treading, trampling. 

CJlct) da'ka, he rubbed. 

\cd da'd, he cried out, invited, 
prayed, named. 

^Jj yada'oOy he cries out, names. 

ijjLcJl . ^IcJ do'dy pi. adVyia, 

S^i> da^wa, invitation, exorcism. 



( 87 ) 


^l«> d&Hy, he who calls, prays; 

a cause. 
^)jj li'da'iyy because, for the 

reason that. 
^cjUfc) . ^^%c*> (la'wa, pi. da'dwi, 

jjlc i^^cd J5\ aqdma da^wa 'ala, 

he brought an action against, 
^jl idda'a, he asserted, claimed. 

Acj] iddVdy assertion, claim. 

^43jLw1 istcula^a, he claimed. 

j-cl43J iadda'a,}ie called to another; 
he went to law. 

^3c« modda^y, plaintiflF. 
JuiclcS^modda'd ^aZai A. defendant. 
IcS^mada'oo, named,whose name is. 

-TtS-i yoda'a, he is called, his 
name is. 
^Ijju motadda^y, a party to a 

cJL . ict^ da'a tranquillity (see 
wada'a) . 

aSti} daghdagha, he bruised, pum- 
melled, [cf. cJ-Cf 

^^f-^ - (-g;^*^ dooghri (for Turkish 
doghroo) ,straight, direct, honest. 


uJjiJ - uJj rfaj^i pi. dofoof, flap, 
shutter, drum, 

2i«> dajfa, rudder. [^;K*w 

>^J dajia, it was warm. 

IJj daffa, he made warm. 

ViJ rfa/a, warmth. 

>^J or ^^J\t} ddfi, warm, tepid. 

^lij - S-jiJ dajffiya, pi. dafdfi, 
warm cloak. 

ijLiJ daffdya, stove, warming 

^li«> - ^piit) da/tar, pi, dafdtir 
(Persian), register, account- 
book, ledger. 

j\djj3d daftar-ddr (Persian), ac- 

jJU-^J daffar - hhdna (Persian), 

byliJ diftenyd (European), diph- 

jij dafa\iy he pushed; paid. 

CLjUit) - iciJj dafa'a, or dofa'a, 
pi. da/a'dt, a push, payment ; 
one time, once. 

^J dafa\ a pushing, a paying. 

•-ill) ddfa'a, he defended, con- 

ioliVo or cliJ difd'a, or moddfa'ay 

A»*jij ^ elii) difd^a \in nafsihi, 

cyjw^ madfooa\ paid; pushed. 

^|j^ - ^Jw« madfa\ pi. maddfia\ 
cannon. Cs-^^ 

^d dafana, he buried. 
^^J dafn, burial. 
JLuii) dafeena, buried treasure. 

^yj^ madfoouy buried. 

yjd daqqa, he pounded, knocked, 
hit ; tattooed. 

i»J daqqaqaj he ground, made 
fine ; ascertained accurately, 
went into minutisB. 

iSd daqqa, tattoo-marks. [^^ 

( 88 ) 


isii diqqa, fineness, exactitude, 
care ; duqqa, herb-cake. 

2>jJ daqeeq, flour ; fine. 
^jUjJ doqdq, cheap native soap. 

rJUj - ^ajSi^ daqeeqa, pi. daqdyiq, 
moment, minute. 

^^Jj tadqeeq, precision, accuracy. 

jfJiV-^ modaqqaqf exact, shown 

t^t> - Ayiii) daqshoom, small stone 
for building, smaller than dahsh. 

ijy^x^ . iA^d Daq-haliya, a pro- 
vince in the Delta, of which 
Mansoora is the capital. 

if 4> dihkay bench, platform ; waist- 

band. [Kj 


^j^jiKj - J6d duhkdn, pi. dahd- 
keen, shop. 

Ji> (JaKa, he indicated. 

Jb-jJj daleel, guide, indication, 

2i)) or iJSid daldyil, or adilla^ 
proofs, indications, [^^l^ - iiJ^ 

JUj dalldl, crier, auctioneer; an 
itinerant auctioneer in a bazar. 

SHi) dalldla, female broker. 


Jlj c?a//, he who indicates, show- 

JjjumI istadalla, it became evident, 

JUjjUmI istidldl, induction ; simple 
information,not sworn evidence. 

f^,j^^\^d ^ K^i^d ddldbj pi. dawdieeb 
(Peraian), chest of drawers. 

wardrobe ; machine ; wheel 

apparatus, trick, machination. 
tjJi} or (Ji) dalofia, or dallasa, 

he defrauded. 
i;*«jJjj tadleea, fraud (especially 

in bankruptcy), '' do/." [^^/i^ 
^^4> da/cw/^a (colloquial), he threw. 

Jh> daUa'a he spoilt, pampered, 

Jj^ modalW a spoilt (child). 

J J di7a^ insipid. 

CJJt> or CJJj dalaJcay or dallaka, 
he rubbed, used '^massage " 

CA^jJ tddlcehj *' massage,'^ 

^d - j!*) daZo, pi. c?t/7iy (femin.), 

bucket; -45'wanw8,in the Zodiac. 

^4> - aJ cZam, blood (see damo.) 

.Ut> damdr, ruin. 

«^J damaira (Soudanese), rise 
" of Nile. 

ijM^d dims, ashes from the oven ; 

Lu^S^ madmasa, dust-heap, ash- 
heap, dung-heap. 

^jy^lj ddmisy dark, cloudy ; pitch- 

£«£w«4) Dimeshq, Damascus. 

ey«t> . itL^d dama'a, pi. domooa\ 
a tear. 

«<«> dama'a, he wept ; yadma\ he 
weeps. [^ 

MiVJ tddamma'a, it drizzled with 

Jbc««> ditna^a, sauce, gravy, dripping. 



( 89 ) 


^CiUi>1 - eUi3 dimdgh, pi. admigha, 
brain. [^« 

2iUi> damgha (Turkish)^ stamp 
of a seal ; impression, [see iU> 

IiUJ iSj^ waraqa damgha, stamped 
paper for petitions and official 

^««> damagha (from Turkish), he 
stamped with an official seal. 

J^U*> - JJo») dummul, pi. damdmil, 
boil, pimple. 

^S\ or ^^^ damanay or more 
commonly admana, he per- 

^^Lo«>l idmdn, perseverance, as- 

^^^*S^ mudmin, persevering as- 

iji^e . f^fUJ Bamanhoor, a town 

near Alexandria, capital of the 
province of Bahaira. 

^U«> - At> or ycd damoy (or com- 
monly) dam, pi. dimd, blood. 

>Ui> ^\j\ or ^Ui) C«^Am safkdimd, or 
irdqat dimd, a shedding of blood. 

A«>lt (^^J or Ai>ll -^'^^l awliyd ed- 
dam, or zawee ed-dam, owners 
of the blood, i.e. nearest rela- 
tives of a murdered man claim- 
ing vengeance. 

leLuJ Damidt, Damietta. 
vJi) dandj it was vile, ignoble. 
mUi) dandy a, vileness. 
>'J«>I . ^iJt> c?ani, pi. acZnd, vile, 
base ; glutton. 

iuJi> JU«mI ashghdl daniya, hard 

Uj dana, it was near, he came 

^*J rfama, it was vile; low, 

h\jd dandya, vileness, baseness, 

^Uii)! . /pi) daniy, pi. adniyd, vile, 
base, low. 

IaSJ J'Jt^l ashghdl daniya, hard 

J. *.»„«, he erne no.., .p- 


SjliJ (2anat(;a, nearness. 

^Ujjl - ^Jd daniy, pi. adniyd, 

^*j1 ruina, nearer, viler, lowest, 

JjJj ^j1 adna daleel, the slightest 


^Jj - ^*^ dunyd, pi. dona, this 
lower world of ours; the world; 

M^ ^*^] ed'dunyd zaldm, (it was) 
a dark night. 

^c^^>^^ dunyamy, mundane, 

Ji) danj (European), dengue- 

^^43Jj dindtsh, necklace. 

^Jjt> dandana, he hummed, sang. 

l^jdjd or iL^JjJ dindirma, or AV- 

dirma (Turkish), ice cream, 
^^^i) danisa, it was filthy. C^^j»flp 


( 90 ) 

^mJi) - ^Uj danasay filthiness^ 
dcmis, filthy. 

JLftJi) Lonqold, Dongola in the 

3iliJ - i^^lftJt) Donqoldwiy, pi. 
Bandqla, Dongolese. 

i4JUjJ dondnma (Turkish)^ fleet 
of ships. 

J^t> dinghil (Turkish), axle-tree. 

.yt4> - Jfct> dahr, pi. dohoor, epoch, 

age, century. 

icJbJ dahriy, materialist, atheist. 

(j*Jbt> dahasa, he trod, trampled, 
ran over. 

^iJjbJ dahisha, he took fright, was 

^Jjifcj dahhasha^ he frightened. 

^MJbi) dahsha, fear. 

^j^Ujbt> dahshdnj afraid, timid. 

ijli»t^ modhish, terrific. 

Alib«> dohulla, native drum. 

jAjbd dihleez (Persian), gallery, 

j^d dahm, a blackness, dark mass 
of people. 

>ib4>l adham, a black horse ; man's 

^d dahanaj he anointed, be- 

^JJ^^ or j^^Jtt) dohn, or dahdn, 
ointment, paint, grease. 

^\d ddhana, he flattered cajoled. 

AA2b)j^ moddliana, flattery, humbug. 

f^Ui) dahd, shrewdness, strategy, 

tJtJ or ^Jb]d ddhi, shrewd, deep, 

^Ijt> - iuJtlj ddhiya, pi. dawdhi, 

«^jJ b 2/a dob, almost. 

^jU-^J dawaTchdn, giddiness, feel- 
ing sick. 

i^^d dokha, giddiness, feeling sick. 

jjd ddkha, he felt giddy, sea-sick. 

JIfc) ddyiJch, giddy, sea-sick. 

^^O dawwdkhay he made uncon- 
scious, stunned. 

jy> - 'id^d dooda, pi. dood, worm, 

maggot; madder. 
SjI^J dawwdda, she who extracts 


.Ij4>l - .J J rf^, pi. adwdvy turn, 

circuit; story of house. 
.^jJb bid'dor, by turns. 

^LjJ dau'aran, rotation,circulation. 

iUjjIt) or ii f^t> doriyay or ddwariya, 
a patrol, going the rounds. 

^^Jo - jIj rfdra, it turned round ; 
yadoor, it turns round. 

.ji) dawwara, he made turn round, 
wound up, rounded, turned 
himself round. 

,I^J dawwdr, a (round) place or 
enclosure; block of farm build- 
ings, out-houses. 

j[jd - j]d ddr, pi. diydr (femin.), 

house, province. 
hj^A^ jbd diydrmasriya, Egyptian 



( 91 ) 


JLJt .Ij dar es'Saldm, House of 

Peace ; Heayen ; a moslem 

K^Jj^^ i'*> ddr d'harb, House of 
War; the infidels. ! 

ic\x^]j\iy ddreS'Sand'aayWoAsho'p, 
arsenal. [see tersdna i^^y 

ijjlay -^t> daiVyipX.doyooray convent. 

JLt> - SJIj ddt/ira, pi. dnwdt/ir, 

circle, circumference, depart- 

htiLiSio ddyira bcUddiya, muni- 
cipality, j 
A^aJum i^lt> ddyira saniya, royal 

department ; administration of 
certain Khedivial estates mort- 
gaged to bond-holders. 
JljJ dawdyir, districts, provinces. I 

^^^ addra, he governed, adminis- 
tered.>l iddra^ administration.! iddriy, administrative. 

jiS^ modeer, administrator, gover- 
nor of one of the 13 provinces 
of Egypt. 

iiAS^ modeeriyay oflBce of an ad- 
ministrator; one of the 13 
provinces of Egypt. 

5.lt3jLl isfiddra, rotundity. 

^JjLm^ rmistadenr, rovLiid, roundish. 

.^i3^ modawwavy round, circular. 

ys< maddr, pivot, axis; means. 

Jfl.^ ddrdqy long-necked water- 
bottle, ewer. 
2m^«> dosa, a treading, trampling. 

^•i^jji • w/^^^ </a«a, he trod upon; 
yadooM, he treads. 

i^^Xm madds, shoes. 

iJl^d dosha, row, a whining. 

iS^^ ddka, quarrel, uproar. 

J^i> del, a turning, return, change. 

J*J - Zyi daieia, pi. dotcal, king- 
dom, empire, power, state ; 

JLxm) or jLu^y L^^^^ mhih (d- 
davrhi, (or devletlu, Turkish), 
His Highness, a pasha of the 
highest rank. 

J.Jj - J^J ddla, it followed in 
turn ; yadool, it follows. 

jyj ddwala, he deliberated with 
others, spoke in turn, dealt 
with questions in their turn. 

2j1«3^ moddwala, deliberation. 

J^lt\J taddw(da, it was current 
(coin) . 

J^liU^ mutaddivil, current (coin); 

J^d - ^^d dvm, or dawdniy dura- 
tion, permanence. 
Jlj ddyim, constant, enduring. 
UJlfc> ddyhnd, always. 
J« jJI ,Jic n'la e(Z-rf(ru?am, constantly. 
iUl^tJ dawwdma, eddy, whirlpool. 

^•b ddivama, ho persevered. 

^•Jj - J J ddma, it endured; yn- 

doom, it endures. 
Jd U tnd ddm, while, as long as. 


^bl adama, he perpetuated. 


( 92 ) 

>Ut> L^ 


i<jl\d^ moddwama, perseverance. 

>)tXl««^ nmstadeem, contiDual^ pro- 

Ji^ . A^J doorriy or dom^ a species 
of forked palm tree, Cudfera 
Thebaica, with edible fruit like 
a cocoa-nut, called moql hy- 

^^^d doon, low, under, less than ; 
minti^, without; vulgar, common, 

^jiij bidoon, minus, without. 

\l}j^d doonak, on with you ! for- 

{jJ^ jA*M ^^d doon saba' scmeen, 
under seven years old. 

5^ ^^)f^ doon ghairoh, and no other. 

^^d dawwana, he inscribed, put 
down in writing. 

^J^*^ modat(;M;an, inscribed, written 

^!&>l dddnaj he accused, abased, 
held as vile. 

ajIjI iddna, accusation, indictment; 
committal for trial. 

^tX^ modeen, accuser, accusing. 

^Ij^ ^noddn, accused; guilty. 

^^j4> dawia, he was ill.. [c/^r* 

j^Jj ddwa, he attended the sick. 

fi\^d] - ,j:j4) dawQy pi. adwd, illness. 

aj^4>) . »lj(> dawdy pi. adwiyaj 
medicine. [ Jlc 

Z^/LUr mod dw lit, medical attention. 

SjIji) dawdya^ inkstand. 

(-i)^J - CJL»t> rfeefe, pi. doyooJc, cock, 
male bird. 

^*j>4) - Loi*^ rfatW', pi. doyoon, debt. 

^oy.t>l' S-^'^' arfeafe ed-doyoon, cre- 

^4> ddyin, creditor. 

^jjilj^ moddyin, creditor. 

^„S^ madeen, debtor. 

^•i^^ madyoon, indebted; debtor. 

JiUi) - ^;l> J dayydn, pi. dayydna, 

^Ujl - ^Jl^ deen, pi. adydn, faith, 

^jJl ^%i y^ ed'deen, day of 


Silji) diydna, piety, creed. 

^jJlit> - j^>«> deenar, pi. dandyieer 

(Greek denarion), obsolete gold 

j±;y 4) dayyooSf pimp, cuckold. 

^.1^4) - ^l^y deewdn, pi. dawdween 

(Persian), hall, ministry of 
state, office ; divan ; poems. 

/yl^J deewdniy, imperial (as coin 
of the realm); a style of hand- 


^lyp or cl-^ ^ji qirsh sdgh, or 
qirsh diwdniy, a full piastre, 

2 id. 

• ** 

^l^4> L^ khatt diwdniy i a beau- 
tiful style of handwriting used 
m Turkiali official documents. 


( 93 ) 



(Or ih as in them.) 

3 Zdl Value = 700. 

CJIi) - )j 2;a^ this ; zdk, that. 

>1^] - liS s;a^ this; pi. ooldi, these. 

i^Jlfljl - ^lj zdk, that; pi. ooldyik, 

priming or pinch of powder in 
pan of flint-lock musket ; am- 

CAU - Cilj zdlik, (femin.) tilk, 

I I 

StXib - Ijjb hdzdf (femin.) hdzihij 


^Ijib howldiy these. 

^J (ic« (vulgarism for za), this. 

JjJ rf^ (vulgarism), these. 

^j or l|i^t> dik'hd, or duk-hdm 
(vulgarism), those. 

t iSLo maza, what ? 

(iUU)«k^ or IjJjt or liXJ 2;aza, or 
hakazd, or kazdlik, thus, like 
this, like that. 

jiS - C^Ij za^, self, personality 
(see zoo). 

^Ui - S-^'^'i dobdb, pi. dibbdn, 

^J dabaha, he slaughtered. 
^li dat^, a slaughtering. 
^.JLji dabeehf slaughtered ; for 

slaughter, a victim. 
^^ madbah, slaughterhouse ; 

altar of sacrifice. 
j^i zakhara, he stored grain. 
Jl».i> - hj^^ zakhoera, pi. za- 

khdyir, grain, store of grain ; 

S.iil or S.J zurra^ or durra, or 
idurra, maize, sorgho. [«^t>l 

•ti - «i4> zarra, pi. zarr, atom^ 

a grain. 
JuiiJ zorriya, posterity, family. 

c.iSl - clfti dird'a, or zird^a, pi. 

adru^a (femin,), fore-arm, cubit, 

pic, ell. 
/^43Jb cl.ti dird'a baladiy, 23 inches; 

*58 mUre. 
^bJ cl .ti dird'a nediy, 21 inches; 

*53 m^^re. 

LwljjJb or SfljJl or J[|^^Lwl ^jd 

dird'a istdnbooUy, or eiiddza, or 
henddsa, 26 inches; '66 m^^re. 

JJ.Un* cKti dira'a mi'amdriy, 29i 
inches; '75 metre. 

5j .ti cfiwa, apex ; parapet, shelter- 
trench ; low wall. 

^ji dara, he winnowed, tossed 

gf.U« - ij;j^ midra, pi. maddri, 
pitch-fork; fan for winnowing. 

yi zifr, bad fishy smell. 
JJd\ - ^3 daqaii, pi. arfjaw, 
chin, beard. l^^i^ 

^d yl a&oo daqauj a bearded man. 

i'i zakara, he remembered. 

J" J «iA:r, mention, memory; recital 
of prayer, act of devotion. 

Jii\ cJilU 

{ 94 ) 



•^ijl (^Um 80^ ez'zikr, above- 

.^Jw« mazhoor, above-mentioned, 
j^li aafctr, mindful^ remembering. 

jii zakkara, he reminded. 

ji\d zdkaray he consulted, dis- 
cussed, studied. 

Sj^ltLc mozdkara, discussion, in- 
terview, study. 

•\^jj tezkdr, a souvenir, memento. 

jfljj . ijSSj tazkara, pi. tazdkir, 
ticket, letter, certificate, pass- 

iJs^ tnozakkartty note, letter, 

i^jj tazakkaray he remembered. 
j^i - i'j zakar, pi. zokoor, a 

male ; penis, 
vijlil ^ .fcfti zokoor wa inds, males 

and females. 

^ti zakkara, he fertilised a female 
palm-tree ; lie put it into the 
masculine gender. 

jJ^d3 tazkeevj or tadkecr, impreg- 
nation, fertilisation ; putting 
into the masculine gender. 

Jix^mozakkar, masculine (gender). 
S^j^ muzkara, virago, amazon. 

^Ui'il - ^d zakiy, pi. azkiyd, 
sagacious. [cf. ^Jj 

>\fi zakd, sagacity. 

^4> j^illj or zvUj vilenoss, abase- 

JjJfci zaleel, vile, cringing. 
JjliL* mazlool, servile, cringing. 

1j . CAIj zdlik (see 2;ci). 
a(3j . A^ 2amma, he blamed ; ya- 
zomm, he blames. 

J zamm, blame. 

A^O - i«4) 2imma, pi. zimam, con- 
science, moral responsibility, 
hence a person under one^s 

hoi zimmatduy conscientiously. 

iUt> j<lc ^aZa zimmay for the sake of. 

^«J zimmiy. Christian subject of 
a Moslem power, whoso safety 
is guaranteed by the honour of 
the Moslem ruler. 

^ycii>« or j^ti zameeni, or viazmoom, 

L-jy tS - ^^m^d zanh, pi. zonooby sin, 

(..^jl adnabay he committed a 

i.X« modnib, guilty. t(V^ 

jUil - ^•^.^i danahy pi. adndb, 
tail. [J*>J 

Itijt - 5JJJt - 5JJ 2J?7t in hdzihi, femin. 
of hdzd. 

i dahaba, he went away, 

L-JjbJ dahdb, departure ; act of 

^bt^ <^Ui dahdb wa iydb, a 
going and xeturning. 

( 95 ) 


madhahj pi. 
mcidaJiibj religion^ creed. 

3 dahab, gold, golden, of gold. 

^.^<v2bJ ^IcLm sd'aa dahab, a gold 

V^»^%feJ dahhahaj he gilded. 

AAJdbJ dahabiya, Nile house-boat,^' 
sailing yacht. 

dahabak wa dahdbak wa mndha- 
bah (proverb), '' Conceal thy 
gold, the object of thy journey, 
and thy religion.^' 

JjtJ zohool, insanity, half-witted 
state of mind. 

Jjt«3jl or JjbJ zahilttf or inzahala, 
he was astonished. 

^'jbjl - ^j^tii zihn, pi. azhan, mind, 
intellect, prudence. 

^^J or ^ijJ - ^li 200, pi. za-oon, 
(or commonly in construction) 
zawy, possessor, endowed with. 

vsjUj. cl;Ij zdt, pi. 2at^a^, femin. 
of zoo, mistress, possessor ; 
essence, personality, self. 

2jLm jJ zoo sawdbiq^ a man of 

(bad) antecedents. 

^jjj^l ^li 200 l-qamain, the two- 
homed man, Alexander the 
Great (?), a legendary hero. 

^J or »^^ J zatvooh, or zaweeh, his 

^ii - lii 2a and 2ee, accusative 

and oblique cases of zoo. 

J!^\ k£j\j yj* j^yi yom min zdt el- 
ayydtn one day, a certain day. 

iLi cl;I(3 zdt laila, one night, a 
certain night. 

Jblj zdtoh, himself, one's self. 

Islj zdtdn, personally. [Ltfri/^ 

£\i Vw^vsr^ mohibb zdtoh, self- 
lover, selfish. 

iujjf CL;tj >l>«tl a^/ita 2a^ qeema, 

iSMsi) jj 200 Z - Qa'da, eleventh 
Moslem month (of Repose). 

ia^ ^J 200 Z-ifiya, twelfth Moslem 
month (of Pilgrimage). 

^jIji^J zawabdn, liquefaction. 

-J[^ Jj. <^l J 2a&a, it melted ; yazoob, 
it melts. 


-ji^J zawwaha, he melted, fused. 

J^(L« . J^tS (c2o(/) madwid, manger, 

^Jjj 203^, sense of taste, taste ; good 
taste, refinement. 

\53^ . yjM zdqa, he tasted ; yazooq, 
he tastes. 

^liX« mazdq, palate, seat of sense 
of taste. 

I J - f^i dee (vulgarism for zd), 

^J ij^i\ er-rajil dee, this man. 
u-jy»3 - C.^j deeb, pi. diydh, wolf. 
Llyj zoowdba, tuft, mane. 

Ll/J ^ j S-^^ kawkab zoo zoowdba, 

JLjI - Jjii daiV, pi. adydl, tail, 
shirt-tail, skirt ; codicil, ap- 


( 96 ) 



Be. Value = 200. 

JLjjK rdteenej, resin. 

T'^iJ " rh ^^^^^^^6 went (seerawdh.) 

^j - ^^j - ^Ij^ . l^\j rdha, repose 

(see rawdh, rooh and reeh). 

[j^yjj \^)j fds, pi. ro'008, head, 
promontory; bridle. 

JUil j^U ra« el-mdl {rasmdl), 
capital stocki capital (of money). 

chief, president ; captain of a 

XmjU, riydsa, presidency, chiefdom. 

[j^'l^ tarddsa, lie took the lead. 
^Mjjpio mutarayyis, a leader. 
if^jij^ maro'008, a subordinate. 
Aguu^^^ tanveesd, heading (of a 
chapter) . 

^uJl A,n,\j rdshitism (French), ra- 
chitisme, rickets. 

u-»1. ra/ii, he was merciful. 
Xf|^ ra/Ia, clemency, indulgence. 
uJj /. ^^^^ clement, merciful. 
^lytL rdhwdn (Persian), roadster, 
hack ; hence amble, quick walk. 
^^]j Bd'oothj Ruth. 
i^jl^ f^\j rda, he saw; yora, ho sees, 
^l.l . 4^1^ rdyj pi. aara, opinion. 


hjj rooya, inspection, supervision, 

sight, attention to; looking 

for the new moon of liam adan. 

^Sj - b<; rooydf pi. rowa, dream. 

i-Jji"^ - ^c^\ ara, he showed (vul- 
garly written and pronouced 


^J;\S tardda, it appeared. 

iil^L--« or >Li^ ^*2/^> 0^ morddtf 

>)^ mora, a hyprocrite. 

ci;IJ; - dij riya, pi. Wya^, lung. 

M "... 

jrt^ Jum sill riwaiy, pulmonary 

CL^liK . h)j rdya, pi. rdydt, flag. 

S];^ miradt, or mirdya, mirror. 

^Jb^ warreeni (colloquial), show 
me ! 

-^ ra66. The Lord God; pos- 
sessor, owner. 

^JUll L^j rabb el-adlemeen. Tiro 

Lord of the Worlds, God. 

s^j b yd rabb, Lord ! 

ci^^l c-j, ?-a66 el'baif, master of 
the house. 


^j^jJI L-J^ ra&6 ed-dain, creditor. 
u-;lj^l a/rbdb, pi. of raii, possessors; 
owners. ^^i^ - S-'l*^' 

^^.iXJI ^^-^1 ariai ed-doyoon, 

S^Ai" v--;lj .1 arhdb el-khibraj experts, 

professional experts. 
jf.^l^-»MJI v-i^Lj .1 arbdb es-sawdbiq, 

men of (bad) antecedents, old 

U> • rubbamd, perhaps. 




( 97 ) 


ij. rabba, femin. of rahb, mistress, 

c^i rahdb, violin. 

!*JU. rahbdniy, rabbi, rabbinical. 

^\jj] - Vi ri6A, pi. a/rbdhy profit, 

money interest. 
^ i or ^ . rabihay or tarahbaha, 

he profitted. 
^]j rabih, winner, gaining. 

iXm^ • ^j Tibh wa khasdraf profit 

and loss. 

^jo), rahasa, he expected. 

tjAiS tarabbasaj he awaited his 

S»ay • {j^J^ tarabbus wa tarassvd, 
a lying in wait (to commit a 
crime), a French legal term 




^jtabata, he tied, bound, imposed. 

^. rahtj a binding, tie, connection. 

JL«)1 Lij ra&i eUamwdl, imposing 
of taxation. 

Lj»f« • kuii zabt wa rabiy seize 
and bind ; '' organisation ; a 
grip on (business) ; public 
security, police administration. 

tljt or itj . rabia, or Wid/, tie, 
bond, station ; head-dress. 

loili. - ibjK rdbita, pi. rawdbit, 
rule, ordinance. 

kjj.l irtabata, he became bound, 

*»bJ.I irtibdtj lien, dependence, 

kjJ^miir^a&iY, attached, dependent. 

l9^^ marboo^, bound, tied; attached 

to a religion, fanatic, ''mara- 

Lj^wo marbaf, stable, place of 
fastening cattle. 

«^. ro6a', one-fourth part; Egyp- 
tian peck of 8i litres, or nearly 
2 gallons; raba\ apartments. 

«^^l - SjOj\ arfia'a, (femin.) arfea',f out. 
^'joyl A^ yom el-arba'd, Wednesday, 

fourth day of the week. 
w|f rdbia^, fourth in order. 

.IfJI ioK rdbia't en-nahdr, broad 
noon, noon- tide. 

^jjjo^l or ^2;yoJ\ arba'oon,OTarba'€en, 

{JlAmMj] arba^eeniydt, forty days 

of winter (9th December to 
]7th January). 

^j^l ^ hoj\ arba'a wa arba^een, 

forty-four ; centipede, 
^b. robd'aiy, four-lettered root 

of word. 

mjjj Rabeea', Springtime ; Babeea' 

I. and II., the third and fourth 
Moslem months. 

fri/ " t^J rabba^a, he squared ; 
tarbeea^ a squaring. 

^j^ morabba\ squared, a square. 

mjj^ marba\ pasture-ground, plot 
of ground. 

cyiji yarboa\ desert rat, jerboa. 
isL}j rdftqa^ lasso, nooae^ koltAT. 


( 98 ) 


Jj . rabal, pvlicaria undulata. 
^y>j] or ^^j^j raboon, or arboon, 

earnest-money, ''arrhes/^ 
[jj rdbd, it grew up. 

^j rabba, he trained up, disci- 

iuj J t(vrbiya, education, discipline. 
^,j^ morabba, preserve, jam. 
^ jU motarabbi, trained, disci- 
y . raboo, asthma. 
p\jj ribdy usury, 

SUJ^ mordbatf usury, a taking of 

tJ[f^ mordbi, usurer. 
L.^. raiaba. it was firm, settled. 

U^ raiiaba, he organised. 

^_^ ^i.t " tarteeby organisation, 

system, plan. 
<m^j - Sjjj rotba, pi. rotab, rank, 


v^j^K ra^, pay, allowance; a 

certain spot, fixed. 

jJlc C^^ tarattaba ^ala, it de- 
pended or resulted from ; be- 
came organised. 

(w^Lo - iJ^ martdba, pi. mardtib, 
rank, high place. 

cl^IaJjU mutarattdbdtf allowances, 


j^ ra^A (vulgar), bad, worth- 

jS^ rataqa, he sewed up, repaired. 

jyoi\ ^xi J jfJ^ rtt/g' wa fatq el- 

omoor, ' shut and open, {i.e. 
management of) business.'' 

JulJ. ratdma, snaffle, bit. 

ijj riththa, old clothes, rags. 

^}/9 - >l)f rithd, elegy ; mardthi, 

Jj] or ^^ raj/a, or irtajja, it 

trembled, shook. 

-p-lfl^l irtijdj, commotion, shock. 

v.^.c>y Bajdby honour, respect ; 

the seventh Moslem month. 
^j raj aha, its weight told, it 

^j rajjaha, he made preponderate, 

^>j^ morajjah, preferred. 

5^La^ marjaiha, swing, see-saw, 
an Egyptian *' merry-go-round/' 

^J^y tarjeeh, preference. 

J»-j rajaz, a kind of rhyme or 

ir*j>-j rajis, vile, abominable 

iml^j rajdsa, vileness, impurity. 

m^. raja'a, he retunied, turned 
back. [j^ 

iji^j or Qy>'j rojooa'f or raja'a, a 

return, recourse. 

rajja'a, he sent back, made 

return, repeated. 
^]j rdja'a, he turned towards, 
had recourse to, referred, read 
over, controlled accounts. 


( 99 ) 

^o^Pum) iatarjWa, he claimed back. 

im^ij^ mordja^a, control or inspec- 
tion^ recourse, reference. 

j^]j Tajia\ returning, intermittent 
or remittent (fever). 

m^j rcya'iy, reversionary; re- 
Yocable (divorce). 

marja' a turning point. 

l}oy\ - Jjfy rijl, pi. arjol (femin.), 
foot, leg. [^jj . jL 

jUy - f^sy rajil, pi. rijdl, man, 

Z\j>j rajjdla, men, troop, a band of 

i3^3y rojooliya, virility, 

d J'^ liI isiarjalat, she wished to 

be a man, mannish. 
ji^^JLtK^ mustarjiJa, virago, amazon. 

^s^ rajama, he stoned to death. 

fi^ rajeem, the Devil, (worthy 
to be stoned) ; in contrast to 
roAccm, God the merciful, [^^j^j 

[^ rajd^ he hoped, begged. 

ff^ rajdj hope, request. 

tarajja, he implored. 

marjoo, (it is) requested ; 
the favour asked. 

ty rahiba, it was spacious, 
there was room. 

y rahbaj open space, courtyard. 
>|J> or ws, ^ raJihaha, or 


iarahhaba, he welcomed, made 
room for. 

u»-j^ marhabd, welcome ! 

[V' ^ lit) 

L-)la^ tarhdb, a welcoming. 

^^^d»-i rahada, he cleansed himself. 

ftflj^?*-'.— p • /^U^^ f7iar%a(2, pi. 

mardheed, latrine. 
J^ rahala, he migrated, was 


Jb&-^ rahal, nomads. Bedouins. 

2L^ riAZa, a journey, day's march. 

ijj^j rah eel, a good mount (horse 
or camel) ; a bookstand. 

J,^) iriahala, he migrated, died, 
passed away (to heaven). 

Ild^ marhalay resting-place. 

^J or a^ rahima or tarahhama, 

he had pity ; (God) showed 

a^lutfl istarhama, he asked for 


ju>-^ or iu>y rahma, or morAama, 

ji-S'^l i:/**^^' Hr-Rahmdn, Er- 
Raheem, (God) the merciful, 
the compassionate. 

^jU>.. or f^y*^ rahmdn, merciful. 

A^^-fo tnarhoom, deceased, at the 
mercy of God, the dear de- 
parted one. 

J>^j\ - ^j rihm, or rahirrif pi. 
arhdm (femin.), womb, uterus, 
blood relationship. 


( 100 ) 


aU-^I arhdm, blood relations. 

aU^^I i^^i zawi eUarhdm, kindred^ 
distant relatives. 

^^j or A>^ rahdf a hand-mill. 

{j^j rukhsj cheapness. [jj^ 

fj^J^j rakheea^ cheap^ trifling. 

h^'j ruhhsa, permission^ leave of 
absence. \_^j3\ 

l«UL^k>y rukhsandma (Persian)^ 
licence^ trade-licence. 

fjA^ rahhJchasa, he held cheap^ 
permitted^ authorised. 

murakhkhas, authorised^ 

»y^ matkhdsaf bishops dean. 
j^j rukham, marble. 
j^ rakhm, vulture. 
^^j rakhia, it was loose, flabby. 
^^J\ arkha, he loosened, let go. 
^sT^I irtakha, it became loose, 

SjU-^ or >Uy rakhd, oi rakhdwa, 

*>-. rakhiy, loose. 

Jj radda, he restored, sent back, 
repaid, pushed back, answered. 

lij radd, restitution, reply, re- 

iXj^l irtadda, he turned himself, 
became a convert. 

i>J J taraddada, he went to and 
fro, repeated, frequented a 

*^^^jL*I fs/arar/f^a, he claimed back. 

jIj^LmI istirddd, a claiming back. 

*>J^ muriadd, convert, apostate. 

i>j«3^ mardood, repaid, replied, 

ijj radda, refuse, bran. 

S^Ij. raddwa, badness. 

>ljj.l - ^(^4^ rad/, pi. ardiyd, bad. 

lj.1 ardfa, worse. [^^1 

^jjl.l . «-->*>»' ardab, pi. arddih, 
measure of grain, 5i bushels ; 
198 litres. 

adj rada^a, he pushed away, pre- 

Jli).! - i-J*>^ rirf/, pi. arddf, 
crupper, haunch. 

u^4>t radeef, militia, army reserve. 

Ot radama^ he dammed, mended, 

A J. radrHj a blocking up; ruins. 
c«i| raza'a, he threw down. 
Sllfc)^ razala, vileness, baseness. 
(Jj[J| razeel, vile, base. 

j.1 or j^ ru«2J, or aruzz, rice. 


*//* '^^'^o^zza, rice-field. 

jj. - 2fi razza, pi. rizaz, hinge. 

lij^^ - Lyjjj {razb), mirzahba, 

pounder, beater, mallet. 
^jj razaqa, he provided. 

^jj roziqa (passive), he obtained; 
he was blessed with (children, 

jrtj.! - 0jj rizq, pi. arzdq, food, 



( lOi ) 

^\jj razzdq, (God) the provider. 

Oijr* ^^^"^^^i} blessed, provided 
for (by God). 

M^ • Si^j rkma, pi. rizam, bale, 
parcel. [jjb 

^jj - }j\jj rezdna, gravity; razeen, 
grave, serious. 

*^y**j Tosoob, sediment. [Kc 

Cy^xiiK rdsib, chemical precipitate. 
^K rdsikh, firm, solid, 
j^ rusgh, ankle, wrist. [^-ifl*^ 

JJUm^ . SJ.^ risdla, pi. rasdyil, 
something sent; message, mis- 
sive, mission; means of trans- 
port, navigation. 

ftiMj . Jju»^ raseel, pi. rosald, mes- 

J^. rasool, prophet, bailiff. 

JcUl ^}yiiJ rasool Ullah^ the prophet 
of God, a title of Mohammad. 
(J>mj] arsala, he sent. 
JLm.I irsdl^ a sending. 
Jum^ mursil, sender ; mursal, sent. 
JumL rdscUa, he corresponded. 

Jwm]^ mordsil, messenger, corre- 

2Uj^^ mordsala, letters, correspon- 

^j rasama, he delineated, traced 
a plan, prescribed^ ordained. 

Jmj or ^L rdsim, or rassdm, 
painter, artist. 

A)*M^ maraoom, planned, traced; 
official order. 

Ayw^ - ^j yastp^f pi. rosoom, plan, 

tracing ; tax, .-ttsage ; address, 

title. '"-^ '-' - 

'^ ///- . 

cl;U^*w^ rosoomdtj taxes'. "••/••• ^. 

^^•wiw, rasmiy, official, of govern-' : . 

Lg^^^^j ji^ ghair rasmiy, unofficial, 

Ixi^Mj. rasmiydn, officially. 

^^j or L»j rasd, or risi, it was 

steady, at anchor. 
idjyk^\ sic y^j rial ^and el-maw' 

rada, ho moored at the quay. 

the article at auction fell to 

^-M*K ra«*, at anchor; successful 
bidder at an auction. 

J^m eUmozdyada 'ala zimmet 

er-rdsi 'aleih eUmazdd eUaivwaJ, 
'^ folle-encMre/' French legal 

^J**j] area, he cast anchor, came 

S'wM^ mirsdt, anchor. [S.^b 

L5**'J/* " l5*^'* vnarsa, pi. mardsi, 
port, anchorage. 

^ji. rashshay he sprinkled water. 


jii. rishsliy sprinkling, drizzle, 
small shot. 

U^ 3 UV ^^^'*^^ ^^ fcen^, water- 
ing and sweeping (of streets). 


(••:-j{>'2 ' ) 

• •• 


• • * 

•• • ^^ 

Jij raththaha, he ^fQAjSecT, exer- 
^ cised. 

^Jbt J iarsheeji, Jftrmation. 

ix^ji^ifwtshahaf pack-saddle^ felt 
. •;>/^tfdle-cloth. 

•• r * 

*• *i*ti rushd, righteousness ; adult 

*^J^J or iX^K rdshid, or rasheedy 

pious^ righteous, a true guide 
in faith. 

SXm*J\ ^y f* Haroon eURasheed, 

Aaron the orthodox, ''Haroun 

SXitj Rasheed, Rosetta. 

t^j] arshada, he showed the true 
path; indicated, pointed out. 

jI^I irshddj indication. 

dJitj^ murshidy indicator ; guide ; 
teacher in faith. 

i^JL^j rashafa, he sipped, tasted. 

jf#ii rashiq, elegant, graceful, 

j^ rashm, halter, bit, nose-strap. 

\Aj rashd, he gave a bribe. 

»J^^ irtasha, he took a bribe. 

^]j rdshij he who bribes. 

iJitSj^ murtashiy he who takes the 

iylj rishwa, or rashway bribe. 

^joj rassa, he arranged, placed in 

(jc^^j rasdsy lead, bullet. 

^L^ JS qalem rasds, lead-pencil. 

f^/AjL^ tarseesj adjustment, ar- 


<yiCj rasada, he watched with at- 

S^S tarassaduyhe lay in wait. [^ja}j 
S^jTasad, weitching; observatory. 

^U*J^« rasad'khdna (Persian), 

iV^ marsady place of watching, 


^j rassa'a, he sot with jewels. 

g*y« ^l»ij nishdn moras8a\ order 

or decoration set in jewels. 
iffJ^j rase'eya, a set jewel. 

iiucj] . «— ft:i^ raseef, pi. arsifay 
quay, wharf, pavement, rail- 
way platform. 

^ji^j - iiL^ rasdnay gravity ; ra- 

seeriy serious, grave. ^^\}j 


^jcj radday he bruised. [^j^ 

^jo\j rdddy who bruises ; a hard 

weapon causing a bruise. 


{joyOj - ^joj rnddy pi. rodood, a 

«^. radia'y (the infant) sucked. 


ya-^r^j] or k:i,-p^% radda'ty or a/rda*ty 

(the mother) suckled. 

«^jL^ radeea'y a suckling ; a babe. 

IcL^ radda'a, nursing. 

h^y mordia'ay wet nurse. 

^-i^ - ^^j radiay he was con- 
tent ; yarda* he is content. 

*^J\ arda, he made content or 

^ycj or A^j ridd (ma), or radwdn, 
consent, contentment. 



( 108 ) 


Lm tLcj ridd dimniy, tacit con- 

v^]j rddi, he who is content or 

tg^^ iriada, he became content, 

-j*i||y3U hii'tarddi, by mutual con- 
sent^ " a Vamiable.'' 

(w^ ra^b^ moist^ fresh. 

iiyi^VN rt^ai, ripe dates. [ Jb 

^■ajV% rateeb, moist^ fresh. 

Jb^ rotooha, moistness^ moisture^ 


JL^ ratala, he poised^ weighed in 
the hand. [^^ 

JUs^l .. (Jioj roil, pi. ar^o/, pound 

weight, 144 dirhems ; 15*85 
ounces avdp. ; 450 grammes ; 
^\ gills liquid measure. 

2U9^ or ^j rotn, or ratdna, a 

strange lingo ; patois ; impure 
Arabic as spoken by negroes, 
berbeiines, Ac. ; foreign. 

iwAjJyl or ^-^ ra'ba, or irta'ba, 

he trembled with fear. 
Lm0^j ro'ab, fear, trembling. 

6Cj ra'da, it thundered; ra'd, 

i3j^ 3 ^J '^^^ ^^ barq, thunder 

and lightning. 
ty^Sj] irta^daj he trembled with 

c y^ ra'ra'a, he refreshed himself 

(with a bath), was fresh, alert^ 

j^jjjj^l or ^j^j ra'sha or irta'sha, 
ho shivered. 

XjJ^I sJLcJ] er-ra'sha el-hooliya, 
delirium tremens. 


Jlc^ ro^df, bleeding at the nose. 

iJy^ ra'oonaj culpable carelessness, 

j^l ar^an, careless, flabby person, 

^jl -ijC. ra'cr,(the sheep) browsed; 

yara\ it browses. 

^j\ araa, he led to pasture, 
tended sheep. 

^^1. rd'ay, shepherd. 

^]j rda'a, he guarded, showed 
respect or care for. 

Slcl^ or iAcj r'idya, or mord'at, 

respect, regard. 

L^\dii 8lcL« mord'afan lU-adddb, 
out of respect for morality or 

t^]j^ mard'ay, pasture ground. 

[j\cj - ij^j ra'iya, pi. ra'dyd, sheep ; 
Ottoman subject; Indian ryoL 

^U>- ^ Smj ra'iya wa himdya, 
Ottoman subjects and foreigners 
under (Consular) protection. 

^<m^j raghiba, he desired. C-^Wj 

htj raghba, desire. 

^«^K rdghibj desirous. 

u-D^c^ marghoob, thing desired, 

iicj] . cAj^ ragheef, pL arghifa, 



( 101 ) 

Iw •m 

ji. raghm, aversion, dislike. 

ijc Ux. raghmdn 'anoh, in spite 

of him or it. 
^j ragha, it foamed, bubbled, 

(hot or cold). 
i^j raghwa, foam, froth, a boiling 


uJ^ - uJ^ ra/, pi. rofoof, plank, 

JLi^ rafrdf, splash-board of 


;^Jj rafroof, bandage, band. 

f'\ij rifdy peace, concord, 

lit. or \ij rafd, or rdfd, he con- 
ciliated, put straight. 

ij rafata, he dismissed, sent on. 
ij rafty dismissal from employ- 
iSiij raftiya, Custom House permit 

for transit to another port in 
the same (Ottoman) country 
without repayment of dues ; 
Customs' receipt. 
CLM^ marfoot, dismissed, dis- 

U^J ^^ U^J ^^^*^> ^® kicked 
out backwards ; the horse 

{joLjj raffdsy kicker, screw of 

t^j rafada, he rejected, refused. 

^j rafdy rejection, refusal. 

•J. rafa^a, he lifted up, carried 
oflF elsewhere. 

ilJduuJ^ *ic ^j rafa'a 'anoh el- 
Meetfof, be appealed (in law). 

^]j rdfa'a, he contended in a 

«ij^l irtafa'ay it became high. 

^ rafa^ a raising, lifting, carry- 
ing off; the damma or " 6 '' 
vowel-sound. [i^ 

htij Wfa'a, rank, position in society. 

yltij rifa'tlu (Turkish), a title 
for minor oflScials; honoured Sir. 
cULI irtifd'ay altitude, elevation. 

hi\j^ mordfa^a, hearing of a case 
in court, proceedings in court; 
legal procedure. 

^i^j rafeea\ or rofaya\ thin, 
slender, high, 

jij^ marfa'y sideboard; carnival. 

*il^>iil lioc 'eed el-mardfia\ F6te of 

^j '^^fil^f ^0 groin. \}^,j\ 

jfi^l or jfiy rafaqa, or rdfaqa^ he 

accompanied, helped, 
^^flj^l irtafaga^ he leaned on his 

elbows, relieved himself. 
^j ""^fif gentleness, help. 
iSi\j^ or Jfli^ rifdgy or mordfaqa, 

9^j - jf^^ rafeeq, pi. rofaqd, 

comrade, accomplices. 

I Ahmed wa rofaqdhf 

Ahmed and his fellows (& Co.). 
jfil^ mordjiq, comrade ; lover, 
jfil^ - jfi^ mirfaq, pi. mardjiq, 

elbow, [«^ 

isJjuSj^ mortafaqdtj latrines. 

»Ui; ^ 



( 105 ) 


Mij rqfaha, he lived in luxury. 
hifij - Sjij rafeehy wealthy ; rafaha, 

U. rafa, he mended, darned. 

aij riqqa, fineness, gentleness, 

jyJ^ raqeeq, fine, delicate, com- 

a newly-caught slave ; slave in 
a slave gang; as distinct from 
'aid, domestic slave. 


\5^J ^^ \3j ^2?» ^^ raqeeq, slave- 
trade; Wjg, tambourine. 

J[^l istaraqqa, he caught, or 
traded in, slaves for sale. 

Jl\jc Jj riqq gliazdl, parchment. 
i^yaqabaM observed, watched. 
Ci^-JK rdqabay he controlled, in- 
Ia»L« mora ja&a, inspection, control. 

Ui^SL« mordqihf inspector, con- 
i-jlr . iyij raqaba, pi, riqdb, nape 

of neck ; yoke. 
2jj^ raqabiya, horse-collar. 

^ASpi CJJU mdlik er-raqaha, owner 
of property which is held by 
another in usufruct ; " nu- 

65\j . tySj raqada, he lay down ; 

rdqidj recumbent. 

ijil. V« md rdqida, stagnant water. 

65j raqqada, he planted slips or 
shoots. ^\JV^ 

^joSj raqasa, he danced; raqs, a 



{^ij raqqda^ dancer; main-spriog 
of watch. 

e^j - hSj roqa^a, pi. riqda\ patch; 

letter, note. 
Lufj. roqa'a, patch of ground, 


f^j^^f^j Toqama, or raqqama, he 

wrote, dated, numbered. 
JJ.I - Jij raqm, pi. arqdm, figure, 

JLc or j^j raqeem, or moraqqam, 

dated, numbered, 
^►-fjp tarqeem, enumeration, dating, 

aJ^ marqoom, written, aforesaid. 

^J ^^ yJj ^^2^^^> 0^ raqqana^ he 
wrote, engrossed. 

^J. raqia, he mounted; ra^a, he 
used magic. 

Lji^ roqya, magic. ^J^^ 

^y taraqqa, he advanced, was 


^J taraqqiy promotion. 

JfL« . ^J^ marqa, pi. mardqi, a 
step forward. 

K^ or viJ^ refefc, or rakdka, fine- 
ness, weakness. 
CJuSj raJceek, thin, weak. 
Cj^^w^ rahiba, he mounted (an 
• animal to ride) , rode, embarked. 


( 106 ) 


^j rakkaba, ho organised, com- 

posed. Cs^y 

(.^.A^l irtalcaba, he committed a 
crime, sin. 

<w^J^ taralckaba, it was organised, 

<w^vjiy tarJceeb, organisation, com- 
Vw«^ - hSj rolcbay pi. rolcab, knee. 

L-^ - v--;\^t rifedi, pi. rukub, 

.liJof^ rikibddr (Persian), rough- 
rider, horse-breaker. 


rider, passenger by a train or 

^Jj rahoob, an animal for riding; 
a ''mount.'' 

-jJT. hojS. ^arabiya rakoob, a car- 
riage (not a cart). 
L;^L« • L^j^j^markab, pi. mardkib, 

ship, barge; (in Asia Minor, 
0,88, donkey), 

^w'oi^ . ^^y^^ markoob, pi. 

marakeeb, shoe. 

f^ murakkab,^ composed of, 

compound; (in Turkish, infc). 

murtakibj a criminal, 

sinner, guilty. 

jj\ rakaza, he set up a post, fixed 

a point, pitched a tent. 

^JJ^ rakeez, post, nail, peg, pole 
se^ up. 

jil^ ^ ^f markaz, pi. mardkiz, 

centre of circle ; arrondisse- 
ment, head- quarters. 

J^j^\ jy^ "mdmoor el-markaz,. 
prefect of an arrondisscmcnt. 

tjij^' i**Xij jij^ markaz r! yds at 

el'jaiah, head-quarters of an 

j^j rokooz, reliance, belief in. 
fjoij rakada, he ran. CuCr?" 

•JT. raJca^a, he bent in prayer. 

kjtjij raka^a, a prostration ; a 

^j rakama, he heaped up. 

j^l J or J^j\ irtakama, or tardkama^ 

it formed a heap. 
^Jij\ - {2^j Tokuj pi. arkdn, a solid 

corner or support, a corner, 


^-ir^' e)^' arkdn el-harb, staff of 

SjSj - iiySj rokoona, solidity; rokna, 

proof, support. 
^jj^j rakecHf solid. 
\c ^j\ irtakana 'ala, he relied 

upon, based his arguQient upon. 
5jki\j or h^j rakia, native oven, 

^^j or ^ t ramma, or rammamaj he 

mended, repaired. 
<U^ or ^<^ tanneem, or maramma, 

a mending. 

f^j " '^j rimma, pi. rimamj rotten- 
ness, corpse. 


( 107 ) 


^x^j rameem, rotten^ decayed. 
dL«. romma, halter, bridle. 

jju^ btrommatihi {bromto) , entirely ; 

i.e. (an animal sold) halter and 

^mj ramaha^ he speared, galloped 
^ off. 

^U^l - ^j romh, pi. armdh, spear. 

iS^ ramad, ophthalmia. 

i>U^ Tcumad, cinders, ashes. 

j^j ramaza, ho winked at ; ramz, 
a wink. [j^ 

iJ^yV - \j^ rimsh, pi. romoosh, 
eyelashes. [ujJJb 

AA^j ramdd, heat of summer, 
^l A^ Ramadan, or RamazdUf 

ninth Moslem month ; the 
month of fasting. 

jp^ ramaj, dying breath, last 

jUp - J^ ram/, pi. rimdl, sand; 


JU^ rammdl, fortune teller by 

2L«^ marmalaj sand-pot for drying 

JlJ^I . XL^I armala, pi. ardviil, 





jXj Tcmm&n, pomegranate. 
^^^ - ^.*^ rama, he threw ; yirmi, 

he throws. 
j^ rami, a throw; jetsam. 

^^\j rdmi, he who throws; Sagit- 
tarius in the Zodiac. 

^^^^j^ marma, distance of a throw ; 

^^^0^ marmiy, projectile, thrown. 

^j ranna, it tinkled, re-echoed. 

^jjOj or ^Jjj rindn, or rancen, 
tinkle, ring, sob. 

Jj ranam, a song. 


J^ or J^ ranama, or /arannama, 

he sang. ^{J^ 

hjbj rahba, fear, shyness. 
L,^^ rahhaba, he terrified, 
^.....uifc^j tarhecby a terrorising. 
^— ^nfc. ralieebj terrible. 
^Ufc. or Ly^^fcK rdhiby or rohbdn, 

monk, recluse. 
iuAjJb. rohbdniya, monasticism. 

^j rahajy arsenic, chemical pre- 
cipitate, ^ff^jj 
jjbj rahaza, he shook, trembled. 
Lft. rahat, leather fringe apron, 
u^jjb. raheef, slender, 
^'jb. rihaq, almost, very nearly. 

sptL* mordhiq, almost adult youth ; 

^j^ - ^t^J^ {raham) marham, oint- 

^j rahana, he pledged, pawned, 

c)^j - i:^j ^^^^f P^- ^ohoon, pledge, 


•i^ w*; 

( 108 ) 



^^Uc jjjft, raJin a'qdriy, hypo- 
thegve," mortgage of land. 

hu^j rahniya, pledge, bond. 

KsJj^tbj^ marhoondt, things pledged, 
or mortgaged. 

^\j rdhana, he betted with. 

^^^1 irtahanaj he bought a mort- 

.UnU ^j^^ {j^*^ moddyin mortakin 
KZ-'agdr, creditor of a mortgage. 

^fy or ^j^ytK rdhwdn (Persian), 
roadster ; ambler. 

Sjjj . 1«. raunud, he pondered; 
rawiya, attention. 

^^)^ . ujs^ rob, curdling ; rdytb, 

-p.'.. rawdj, circulation, currency, 
briskness (trade). 

J>\; Tdyij, current, in circulation; 
brisk (trade). 

jyi (wamajw ^j£, ^ala hasab ar- 
rdyij, ad valorem, market rate. 

^•1 rawwaja, he put into circu- 
lation, made current, caused a 
briskness of trade. 

^^yj rawdh, a going. 
^j - ^*ji - ^\j rdha, he went; 
yarooh, he goes ; roh, go thou ! 

^j*^ rawwaha,\]LQ went; (provincial) 

he came. 
X».^ raha, repose, rest; Callow; 

palm of hand. 

^i - ^. rayyaha, he set at 

ease, conyinced; taryeeh, a 
setting at ease, quieting fears. 

^IJ tardweeh, prayers of rest; 

night prayers in the mosque 
during Ramadan. 

_1jul or ^^t iHdha, or istardha, 

he took his ease. 
V;JUm^ or imJ^j^ murtdh, or musta- 

reek, at ease, in repose. 
I^AMMt mustardh, water-closet, 

'* lieu d'aisance," 

]JL*\ istirdha, repose, a taking 
one's ease. 

^]tkj) - ^jy rooh, pi. arwdh, soul, 

spirit ; chamber of a revolver, 
or charge of a gun. 

L^3j ^^^^'y> spiritual ; spirituous 
(liquor) . 

^JU-iy roohdniy, spiritual, eccle- 

— .Ij^l - ^j reeh, pi. riydh, or arydh 

(femin.),wind, evil spirit, ghost. 

^j *>lc ^aJeih reeh, he was an 
evil spirit. 

^^^ mariooh, bewitched by an 
evil spirit. 

-pUy y)\ aboo riydh, scarecrow, 

J]yj - ia^lf or i^ reeha, or rdyiha, 
pi. rawdyih, odour, scent. 

i^yy - r^^r* marwdh, departure ; 
mirwaha, fan. 

^ItfT raihdn, basil-plant. 

i>^K rdwada, he lusted for^ dis- 

tSimj roweeddn, little by little, 


( 109 ) 


i>U ardda, lie wished. 

•tf« Mil 

^uLm 5j]yl « SjI^I irdda, desire, 
will, decree, fiat ; irdda saniya^ 
imperial decree. 

C^^ murdd, desired, a desire ; 
Murad or Amurath. 

Slj^ moreed, desirous, candidate. 
i^ J^jToz ndma (Persian), calen- 
dar, pension, office. 

J^jf ^o>w-roz, new year, autumnal 
equinox, Sept. 11. 

f^^ J)j roz qdsim, feast of 7 th 

^yUlI ^ ^r^*- J^j Toz khadir wa 

Elide, St. George's Day. 
^^j roahan, air-tole, sky-light. 
ijo^j - &^^j roda, pi. rod, garden ; 

island off Old Cairo. 
iJfjj or ^'j^ riyd^i, or riydda, 

training, discipline, '' regime.^' 
KZjlcbj riydddt, mathematics. 
a\j - apj Towa\ awe, fear; rda'a, 

he feared. 

J^!; - J?; ^^2> limpidity ; rayij, 

Jf|; rawwaqa, he clarified. 

ijj^l araja, he poured out; shed 

Jij reeq, saliva. [jLw 

^Jljj^ rowdq, gallery, cloister, porch. 

aSj^jj tarweeqa, breakfast. 

^^j or viJjj^ rok, or rJA:iy (Coptic), 
general, common ; undivided 

^jU rokiya, the mass or total of 
an estate. 

Jjjy rol (French), '^ role/' list, re- 
gister. [J^^ 
AjM rdm, desire. 

A|^ - Jj rdma, he desired ; yaroom, 

he desires. 
a]^ mardm, desired ; a desire. 

j^^j room, Byzantium, the Roman 
Empire of the East ; Asia 
Minor ; a part of Asia Minor. 

^-bl Ajjj room eeli (Turkish), Rou- 

v^i; - J^j\ M^j room, pi. arwdm, 
Greek Christian ; roomiy, 
Romish ; Greek Church. 

L<*^j ^y farkh roomiy, a turkey. 

aJJL^^ roomdtizm (European), 

Jfijjy rdnaq, splendour, beauty. 
4^^ rawa, he narrated. Ctj^ 

^^^J rdwi, narrator, story-teller. 
Llj . riwdya, narrative. 
4^ raiy, irrigation. 
^^^j\ arwa, he irrigated. 
hj rayya, a canal for irrigation. 
iSj riya, lung. 

■;Uj^t or im^j raib, or irtiydh, 
doubt, suspicion. 

^\5j\ or u-;K rdba, or irtdba, he 
doubted, hesitated. 
L^l^ murtdb, doubtful; suspected. 
ViS^ - Ci^ rat^ (vulgar for Zot^a), 
would that ! 


( no ) 


^^j - Jt,) ^eeA, wind (see p. 108). 

Lr'-i; - ^^^j reesh, pi. riydsh, 
feather, plume. 

cJb^l - ^Ju>J reef, pi. aryaf, 
riverain land, fertile land of 
Egypt by the Nile; the pro- 
vinces, "in the country.'' 

kS^J -Jfi^ Teeq, saliva (see also roq). 
Jb . ridly dollar, talari, Spanish 

f^iiji - ^j {reem) taryeem, humbug, 

fj^^ h bild taryeem^ without ex- 

CulA - X>K rdya, pi. rdydt, flag. 

: Zain. Value = 7. 

t]) ^^h vitriol, 

SjI%^ -jh zddy or zowwdda, victuals. 

Sij . d\j zdda, it increased (see 
zaid) . 

JJJJjViAj - « J^- zdda (Persian suflSx), 

bom, -fitz, son of, as beyzdda, 
a bey's son, of good family. 

j\j zdr, negro incantations. 
ijjj - J\j zdra, he visited (see 

I— ft^' - u-i5^' zttyt/, bad (money) 
(see zaif)> 

(w-^Ou^* zaheeb, raisins, liqueur 
from raisins. 

i(J^' zuddajor zibda, butter, essence. 

jy}j zaboor, Psalms of David. 

lay zabat, mire, street mud. 
ho^j zobaa, sandstorm, whirlwind. 
txij zaibaq (Persian), quicksilver. 
Jj: zibl, pigeon manure. [iljuw 

Jly zabbdl, dustman, scavenger. 

HjU mazbala, dust-heap, dung- 

-^Ij: - ^y: zaboorty pi. zabdyin, 
client, customer. 

yji - -jp-Wv ^y^i (colloquial =gi2d«), 
glass; bottle. 

Aj »a;r,prohibition; liquor licence. 

Ja^ zajal, vulgar tongue, ungram- 
matical speech, faulty metre. 

Jld^ fjjk^- himl zajcd, vulgar lam- 
jJ^j zaheer, dysentery, colic. 

j^ : zahzaJia, he carried off, re- 
(J>j zohal, planet Saturn. 

sUj zahlaqa, he slipped, rolled 
over. [^ 

j^j • Ia^i zahma, crowd ; zahhama. 

he crowded. 
^1;! or ^^*>il izdahama, or tazd- 

hama, a crowd formed. 
iir^-j zolchrofa, ornament. 
luk^j zokhma, thong, strap ; 


.: zer (Persian), gold, gold or- 

.: z array he buttoned. 

\y\ . Tj zirr, pi. aardr, bud, tassol. 


( 111 ) 


J^ji -.1. : zordr, pi. zardyir, button. 

c^ : zaraba, he penned cattle. 

i*jjj or SjOjj zarblyay or zareeba, 
cattle-pen, walled enclosure for 
cattle; lager, camp, night de- 

SjjJ zorba, guardians, watchmen 

of cattle. 
^^jj^ - ^jj zard, flushing, choking; 

mazrood, red in face. 
pjj ^^^^*S t® tilled, sowed seed. 
ic]jj or c . ; zir'a or zirda' a, tillage, 
a tpl inzaraa, it was tilled, 
c ij^ mozdri^a, farmer. 
Si^jj zordfa, giraffe. 

oIlt* - OjJ ^^^*'*^2^^ ^^ pierced; 
mizrdq, spear. 

iSjj zorqa, blueness. 

\5jj — ,5m 1 azraq, (femin.) zarqd, 

^j^ muzriq, bluish, black and 

blue (bruise). 

ifi^jj zarkasha, he embroidered, 

ifSjj^ mozarkashy (gold) brocade. 

^jj.j zarneekh, arsenic. 

tjj zirh (Persian), mail, armour. 

4_oji - lSjJ ^^^<^j he despised; 
yazri, he despises. 

^ i^jl ctzra bij he made des- 
picable, injured. 

i^jj^ mozri, injurious, bringing 

into contempt. 
kr^Acj za'boot, cloak^ woollen cloak. 

^j] - ^j za*ajj anxiety ; aza^ja, 
he annoyed. 

x^ mozia'j, annoying, embarras- 

cj-cj za'za a, he shook, made 

^J^/^J za'fardn, saffron. 
^^j - jfc; za^qa, ho cried out ; 

za^eeq, shout. 

^JLy - LLy za^ala, vexation; 

za'aldn, vexed, angry. 
J»cjl az'ala, he angered, vexed. 
j»r| za^m, idea, notion, conjecture. 

X«lcf za^dma, authority, ancient 

feudal estate. 
^j^ maz'am, doubtful, conjectural. 
6>cj zaghada, he pushed, poked. 
J:j zaghara, he scrutinised. 

vr^ .lc| zaghdreet, shrill cries of 

cj^* zaghzagha, he tickled. 

Lkc^* zoghotta, hiccup, belch. 
Jkc: zagltala, he adulterated. 
Jc; zaghal, bad (money). 
J^L^I zagldool, young pigeon; large 
yellow date. 

JIJ| or iij zaffa, or aiAif, festive 
procession at weddiugs, &c. 
$j zifty pitch, tar. 

^*i^" jV; ^^*y ez'zifi (colloquial), 

like pitch, worthless, 
jj or J; ?(/r, bad, fishy smell. 

iJ:l - jli: zogaj, pi. aziqqa, street, 


( 112 ) 


^j zaqqa, he pushed. 

i>5j^ - yj>J^J Zaqdzeeq, Zagazig, 
capital of the Sharqiya pro- 
vince of the Delta. 

SiSj zoqla, cudgel^ staff. 

C^^Jl^j - hj^j zakeeba, pi. zalcdyib, 


Ji: zukdm. influenza. 

s^j zahd, purity, piety. 

i^j zakdtf alms as a religious 

AjS\\ - jV; zaUy, pi. azhiyd, 
pious. [cf. rjii 

"Tj zakkoy he purified, recom- 
mended as good. 

hSj2 tazkiya, certificate of good 
character, recommendation. 

iSj zalla, slip, error, false step. 
JX| zoldl, slippery; alhiimen. 
JLJ: or 2Jf zalzala, or zilzdl, 

JJp tazalzala, it quaked, shook. 

ijjJ; zaldbiya, galette, greasy 
sweet cake. 

^U: zalabdniy, seller of galette. 

kJ: zalt, nakedness; bare. [UU 

kJ; zatlata, he stripped bare. 

Uf «aZa<, pebble. 

tJ: zalata, he swallowed. 

iJ| zalaa, urn, large jar. 

^* zaiaqa, he slipped ; 20/3, slip- 

^UJ; zalqdn, slipped, out of place, 

^mi« mazlaqdn, slope, slide, slip- 
pery place. 

*.^l - ^Uf zimdm, pi. azimma, 
bridle, reins, area within a 
bridle of control, hence con- 
trol, arrondissement. 

iLoj zamta, gravity, seriousness ; 
closeness of atmosphere, no 

i^U^* OTj^j zamr, flute; zammdra, 

double reed pipe. 

.Uf zammdr, flute player. 

^Uj^ mizmdr, glottis, flute. 

ji^lh ' jyth ^o,zmoory pi. mazd- 
meer. Psalm. [ .^J 

^ - ij^ zomra, pi. zomar, gang, 

jM zommair, oats, rye. 

dj^ zumurrud, emerald. 

a}^* zaumwrn^ a sacred well near 

L^«Uf zamza/miya, leather-bottle, 

pilgrim's water-bottle for fill- 
ing at Zamzam. 
«<;l " t!/ (^^'"^O O'Zma^a, he was 
constant, decided. [^^ 

•^ mozmia* resolute ; thing de- 
cided upon. 

^jL*j zamkdn, angry, cross, vexed. 
*SUj . Jj^* zameel, pi. zomald, 

comrade, colleague. 
5L«| 2amZa,family,reunion,"5waZa.'' 

^jU^l - ^^r*; ^^'"^^^ pl« azmdn, time, 

XjU^I - ^U; zaman, pi. azmtna, 
time, epoch. 

iJ^J CT* 

( 113 ) 

•• .- 


^l^ ij^ ^^^^ '^^'^^''^f loDg ago, 
long since. 

^^J^ tnozmin, chronic (disease). 

j-f«j zamhareer, intense cold. 
jMj zonboor, wasp. 

rjj^ zanbaq, lily, iris. 
iJljjJ^ zanbcd (Persian), basket. 
^Jj - Jj zanj, pi. zonooj, Ethio- 
pian, negro. 

^s^ zanjiy, Ethiopian, an Ethio- 

•UfiT^* Zanjibdr, Zanzibar. 

(Jju^* zanjiheel, ginger. 

jJi^ 'jisfj zinjeer (Persian), chain 
(often pronounced jinzeer), 

jJ^' zandy wrist, forearm. 

jljf zindd, gan-hammer, flint and 
steel. [IaL^ 

.Ik zunndr, girdle. 

vj^arp; zanzcdakhf, wild apple. 

2fi| 2;ana<2'a, he sqacezed, held 

SftiU tna2;na(2^a, necklace. 
i&ij zanqa, gonorrhoea. 
jjS\jj . jJoj zanqoor, pi. zandqccr, 
recess, niche. 

Lsifi " L5y 2^^^> 'i^^ committed 
adultery ; yazni, ho commits 

^* zindy adultery, fornication. 

iU: - ^h zdni, pi. zondt, adulterer. 

^Jlj: - Suoh zdniya, pi. zawdni, 


ijj zina, a weighing (see ^jmj). 

.1^* zinhdr (Persian), Beware ! 
Attention ! (military). 

Jjtlf . dJbj zohdy celibacy ; zdhid, 

celibate, ascetic. 

i3aJb| zaheed, few, trifling. 

Jtf zahara, it bloomed, shone 
with brilliance. 

ijbj zahra, a flower. 

Jjbfl or .yfcf - ybf zahr, pi. zohoovy 
or azhdr, flower; orange flower. 

S^- zohray beauty ; Venus. 

\j'^j ^'fc> dd zohriy, venereal 

p\jibj - Ai' azhavy (femin.) zahrd, 
brilliant, lovely. 

Jtjll mIst' d'jdmia' el-azhar, the 

brilliant mosque, mosque of 
'' El-Azhar.'' 

^'jj' - *^^J - ^V ^^i' (femin.) 
2<5;Vt, pi. masc. and femin. 
azwdj, spouse ; husband, wife ; 
pair, couple. (In vulgar Ara- 
bic written and pronounced 

jdz.) [jy^ 

di^l^^ : zojdtf wives ; pi. of zoja. 

jLj.-^ji: zojiya, fact or status 
of matrimony, matrimonial 
(affairs) . 

^I^iijl or -.!•: zawdj, or izdiwdj^ 

-p. •: za/wwaja, he gave in marriage. 

— jjj tazawwaja, he took a wife, 

^jijJU motazawwijj married. 


( 114 ) 


j^j zoTf throat ; zoor, perjury, 
forgery, violence. 

j^j iS^ shaJidda zoor, false tes- 
timony, perjury. 

j^j zawwara, he forged, falsified, 

ji^J^ tazweer, act of forgery; per- 

.jj-« mozawwiVf forger, perjurer, 

j^J^ ^^ sanad mozatvwar, forged 

A^ ; — jyj\ azwar, (femin.) z5rd, 
oblique ; a name for Baghdad. 

j^^ mazwar, made oblique, slant- 

ol/JL; ^^^?i boat. 

ijjj ziydra, visit, pilgrimage. 

fjjj - .If zdra, he visited; yazooTj 
he visits. 

j\^j -^^* zdijir, pi. zowwdr, visi- 
tor, pilgrim. 
J^jojJ tazyecra, lady's visiting dress. 

j]^ mazdr, place visited, shrine. 

rj : zarvwaqa, he adorned. 

Jljj zawdly decline, end, lapse ; 

J^Jj» - Jlf zdla, it ceased ; yazool, 
it ceases. 

Jyi (J ^^ l)|; '-^ ^<^ raZa, or lam 
yazolf it did not cease ; not 

cM jo'dy/Zj decadent. 

Ll^j - i-i^lf zdioiya, pi. zarvdyd, 

angle, corner; chapel, hermit- 

i^^ji^ munzavn, hermit, recluse. 

cuy ; - cs^j J zait, pi. zoyoot, oil. 

^^j zayydt, oilman. 

^^yb : zaitoon, olive, olive-tree. 

i3jJ^ - iVjf : zaid, or mazeed, growth, 

surplus ; Zaid, a man's name. 
ijU ; ziydda, surplus, plus, more 

ijjUjJU biz'ziydda, quite enough, 

too much. 
Juf ;] . «xJh zdyid, superfluous ; 

aziad, more abundant. 
S}Jl . Jtf 2r(M2a, it increased ; ya^ 

zeed, it increases, exceeds. 
Si^ or jljfl izddda, or tazdyada, 

it increased. 
J^j or ticj ; zayyada, or zawwada, 

he made increase. 
jjjjJ tazyeed, augmentation. 

5«3jIj^ - jj^ wazod, or mozdyada, 

JjJ^ mazeed, augmented, complex; 

jljj|l izdiydd, growth, increase. 

large pitcher. 

lo^* - Xkjj zaiVa, uproar ; sra^a, he 

cJ^j — c— ftJ]; or i-i-j; 2at/, or 

2%^/, pi. zoyoofy bad money. 

( 115 ) 


jL^ : zayyafa, he adulterated ; 

rejected as bad. 

£Jht . Jhl . J^ (isai'Z) azdla, he 

destroyed^ ravished ; izdla, de- 
Btraction. [cf. Jljj 

^JiJ^ ' ^J zain, pL azydn, orna- 
£b J zeena, ornament^ decorations ; 

tattoo-mark ; fSte. 
^j zayyana, he adorned. 

^Jj or ^;'4>fl izdana, or tazayyana, 
he adorned himself. 

^^*^ mozayyin, barber, coiflTour. 

ki^^Jb: Zainab, a woman's name. 

^c ; 2ee, or zaiy, aspect, fashion, 
dress ; like. 

^^6 i^j - jcf 1 e-zcdy, how? zaiy dee, 

like this I 
^■lo jcj zaiy 6'a(Z, like one 

^^UJI j<^ 2aty en-nds, in a human 
manner ; call of nature. 

Uj-J tazayyd, he dressed up, 
assumed a dress. 

U^—li^ mutazayyd, dressed up, 
dressed in. 

s * 

^^ Secji. Value = 60. 

iy*» -i^ '^ particle, prefix to 
aorist tense marking future 
signification ; a contraction of 
8df, afterwards. 

sa-ycueer, it will be. 
Jm . p\m* sdy it was bad (see sow). 
^Lm sdj, platane, teak. 
clAa^Lm sdjdt, castanets. 

Lm sdha, area, courtyard ; status. 

[m ^ barda saka, innocence of 

status, the legal phrase for 

sjUj sdda (Persian), simple, pure. 

cl;IcIm# . 2cUj sd'aa, pi. sd^adt, 
hour, the time, watch. 

(w^Jbi LcLm sd^aa dahab, a gold 

^ IcLJI e«-8a'aa fcam, what is 

the time ? 
ic[m J\ akam sd'aa, a few hours. 

hoA iicUJI es'sd'aa arba'a, four 

d^UL* ^i|jf (irb'a sd'adt, four 

Al!xL# sd'dtiyy watchmaker. 

AcUJ ItS'sd^aa (lissa), up to now, 

not yet. 
^buM • ^JUm 8a^a, "he went ahead, 

drove (see siydq). 

^Lm sdq (feminine), leg, shank, 
stalk (see siydq). 

\JL)y»* - v^Um sdJca, he cleaned his 

teeth (see sdlc^, 
JUm sddla, he asked. 

JLnj yo^dZ, he asks ; yosdl, it is 

JJum soO'Ua, he was, it was asked. 

2iM»l . JIJam «ooaZ, pi. (MiZa, ques- 


( 116 ) 


JJ*«M*^ - JLUL^ or D Uj^ masdla, 
pi. masdyily question, topic, 

J^«*iMO or ^ Jji**j^ masool 'an, 
asked about, responsible for. 

ixijm^ or iA^im^ masooliya, re- 
jJJUm ^ayi'Z, asker, beggar. 

JUil or Jui*i «a7, or isdl (impera- 
tive), ask thou ! 

Jjumj - Jtw sola, it flowed ; yaseel, 
it flows. [contrast Ju 

J^jum - Jj^ sail, pi. sdyody torrent, 
flood, flux. 

^j^JLmi sayaldn, flood, a flowing. 

JU**# or JJLi «ayi7, or sayyal, fluid, 

JilyM sawdyil, essences, fluids. 

i3uuM sayydla, pocket, fob ; small 
Nile canal, branch canal. 

UUmI isdla, a making flow, pouring 

(Jju»j-* ma«eeZ, gutter, water-course. 

Jf^m sdyir, other, remainder, rest ; 

AmU#m . (^-4'-**' adyis, groom, run- 
ning footman (see siydsa). 

sabba, he cursed, insulted 

sabb, a curse, cursing, foul 


.^oum sabeeb, horse-hair. 
• •• • ' 

LumI - Vw^j**» «afea6, pi. otfiai, 
cansoj reason, motive. 

L.^a«mj bi'Sabab, by reason of, 
because of. 

<w^vJ«mj tasabbaba, he caused ; sold 

C^oumjU motasabbib. causer, insti- 

gator j a pedlar, seller. 

ibU*w sabbdba, first or index finger. 

Joui . CL^^AM «aia^ (for Persian 
9a2>a^), basket. 

vj^^ouJI w. or vji-^^- 8a&^, or yam 

es'sabty Saturday, the Jewish 

tjL>\j>*t sobdt, lethargy. 

^a4Juum Sebtember (European), Sep- 
^jum sabaha, he swam. [m^ 

^^Mt sabbaka, he praised God. 

LJJ1 ^l^u sobhdn AUah,FrskiQe be 
to God ! 

^JuuiJ or SfiCUi sibha^ or tasbeeh, 
eulogy or praise of God, hence 
rosary of beads. 

^Lji-m# sibdhh, manure : artificial 

^Um« - icicUi sabhha, pi. sibdkh, 
saline infiltration up to the 
surface of land, salt crust ; 
shallow lagoon. 

^juumJ tasbeekh, a manuring of land. 

Ljum sibty son, offspring, fruit. 

iyj^ sabdta. cluster of dates or 

(JjJLmI LIjumI a^&a^ Isrdyed, the 

tribes of Israel. 
cUmi . «jum Buha'y pi. sibda', lion, 

beast of prey. 

joJl i>j> 

( 117 ) 

vAMJi SSj} Birkat es-saba', tho lion's 
pool or lair. 

^Atm 8oha\ one-seventh part. 

^jum - s^xm Sahara, (femin.) saha', 

«^Li 8dbia\ seventh in order. 

^jAram - ^^y^ saba'ooUj or sabaeen, 

j^L.1 - ^^1 osbooa', pi, asdbeea^ 

week. [iM.3^ 

es'saha', the seven eulogies 
or titles of God in the first 
chapter of the Koran, galled 
the Fdiiha, 

fj^ or jpJU# Bibq, sabq, or Bobooq, 

priority, antecedence. 

.J^ll jfJUi «a6(7 el'isrdr, priority of 

determination, premeditation 
(in crime). 

jfjuw sdbaqa, it preceded, was pre- 

jf^L* sdbiq, previous, last. 

J^l asbaq, more previous, last 
but one. 

Jfjl^ . iiul^w sdbiqa, pi. sawdbiq, 
an antecedent, precedent, (often 
in a bad sense). 

jfjIyM »jjIc 'andoh aawdbiq, he has 

(bad) antecedents, '' this is not 
his first ofi'ence.'' 

Jf^lyM ^-^1^1 arbdb sawdbiq, men 

of (bad) antecedents, prisoners 
with previous convictions. 

^\m Bobaqa, he vied with, raced. 

Aa^Lm^ or ,jU-i Bibdq, or mosdbdqa, 
rivalry, race, horse-race. 

viJljuw sabaka, he melted or founded 

icGuUtf sabeeTca, ingot. 

j^Um. sabbdk, founder, plumber. 

VilA>.^< masbakj foundry, 

Jjui . (Jj^ sabeely pi. «o6oZ, road, 
path, means ; fountain. 

y:L>\ ^ »yui] Jjjum ^Jlc 'a/a «ct6eei 

et - ta'weeddt, in the way of 
damages, as compensation. 


*UI Jjuu*# «a6erf ?7/ZaA, God's path, 
for the sake of God, charity, 
a giving of water to thirsty 
Moslems ; hence a fountain, as 
a pious gift erected in the 

sLkxmj Ldic or ^lsf^\ ikhld or takh^ 
liya sdbeeloh, clearing his path, 
releasing a prisoner. [*ic ^)^] 

S^ sabla, dung of horse or cow, 

Jjum sabaly ear of corn ; indistinct- 
ness or dimness of vision. 

*- • 

^ju# sahay he took captive. 

lilju* ^j^ sabiyt pi. sabdydy cap- 
tive in war. [y:^***' 

\_\_nt sabd. Sheba in Yemen of 

-0 ^ tf •• 

sitty pL 

sittdt, (a corruption of seyyida) , 
lady, Mrs. ; a term of respect 
applied to a grandmother (col- 
loquial for jadda). 

( 118 ) 


- £um Bxiiay (femin.) %iiiy six. 

y^^yy*** - ^^ sittoorhj or Bitteen, 

^^Jujrf suds^ one-sixth part. 
^^jLw sddis, the sixth in order. 
^yL* ^ JLm sitr, pi. sotoor, veil, 

veil of decency. 
^l*j satara, he veiled, covered. 

•InmJ tasattara. he veiled or hid 
himself, concealed the truth. 

...... ^f^ 

Ji[xM - ?^'X« sitdra, pi. satdyir^ 

S^ «i7ra, tunic, frock-coat. 

j^Wo mastoor, veiled, covered, 

satafa, or tasat- 
tafa (colloquial), he took it 

il or JuLi «i<a, or ist (femin.), 

•Xa:*^ sajada, he prostrated himself 
in prayer. [j^j ^ ^ 

Ojae** sojoody adoration, prostra- 
tion in prayer. 

Sjli^ sajjdda, prayer-carpet, rug. 

4V3-L#^ - 4X^***-t masjid, pi. masdjid, 
mosque, the word from which 
" mosque " is corrupted. [«<U- 

j^^s^ - K^lae*' sijdra, pi. sajdyir 
(European), cigar or cigarette. 

ijs^ - S^ac*^ sajara (vulgarism for 
shajara), tree. 

j-As* or js^ 8aja\ or tasjeea^, 
rh^thnij fine prose; cadence 
«zifl^ rhjrme in prose. 

^jfs**' sojooq (Turkish), sausage ; 
slow match. 

d^Sac^ - Jls^^ sijil, pi. sijildt, 
scroll or roll of paper; register, 

(Jac^ sajjala, he registered, in- 
scribed. [jcJ 

(JjLae***^ tasjeel, registration, in- 
scription ; registration of a 
letter by post. 

{jjsf^^mosajjal, registered (per post, 

&c.). This word is vulgarly pro- 
nounced mu8dgur. 

^js^ sajana, he imprisoned, [i;**4^ 
^jys*** - js^ sijn, pi. sojoon, prison, 
" detention,** 

^U*- sajjdn, gaoler. 

j^^jl^Lm^ - c;^^^***^ 'f^<^ioony pi. ma- 
sdjeen, imprisoned, a prisoner 
in gaol. 

u***as**' sahabaj he drew, dragged; 
drew a cheque. 

f^[s*** . Llfis^ sdhdha, pi. sahdb, 

C^-T***^ tasahhaba. he withdrew 
himself, was absent, had left 
a place. 

SJIftS^' v^^a^Imj sahib el-hawdla, 
drawer of a bill of exchange. 

^..^a:**'-****' istas'haba, he fetched, 
wished to fetch. 

^x*** sahaja, he excoriated. 

-p-'.jK**' sih djy a raw wound, excoriation 

mas'hooj^ excoriated, raw. 

( 119 ) 


sihr, magic, sorcery. 

or ^^'ow sdhir, or sahhdr, 


.«*" sahvy lung; saJiar, dawn. 

.^rs*" sahoor, meal before dawn. 

StLac*** sahhdra, a largo chest, 
trunk; witch; siphon of canal. 

iios^ sahecfa, flood, rise of waters; 
a swamping. 

sahaqUf he rubbed hard, 
rubbed into small pieces,bruised. 

' Is'haq, Isaac. 

J^3-^^ . J.»-Um sdliily pi. sawdhil, 

coast, river-bank; the culti- 
vated banks watered by the 
Nile without canal irrigation. 

J.3-1^1 j~fcix ghafeer el-sawdhtl, 

i-jla*** sihliya, lizard, garden-lizard. 

Bokhara y he tyrannised, im- 
posed " corvee,^' 

y^ sakhkharay he subjugated. 
ijs^ sokhra, tyranny, especially 



jJ^s*^ taskheer, subjugation ; legal 

yfc***^ mosakhkhar, a thing obtained 
by tyranny, injustice or legal 

S^ar*^-* maskhara, ridiculous ; a 

Lrs*** sakhatay ho turned to evil, 
debased in shape, spoke ill of. 

hcysf*^ masWioota, ancient Egyptian 

statue, idol, supposed to be a 
man changed into stone as a 
punishment for sin. 

J^*** sihhly kid, young goat. 

fs*** sakham, blackness, smut. 

h , ^- A *** sokhmaty soot, '' smut," 

)aAs*** sakhmata, he was licentious, 
he fornicated. 

soklin, hot, warm (food, 
water) ; fierce. 

ajyt*** or iJLAsi**' sokhna, or sokJwona, 
heat, fever. 

^jx*** saWifcAa7ia, he heated, warmed. 

^^^1 askhan, hotter, fiercer. 

?^la*" or Ass*** sakhd, or sakhdwa, 

/^s^ salchiy, generous. 

JwM sadda, ho plugged, dammed a 

JjJu*i « fcX**i «aa6?, pi. sodood, bar, 
dam of river. 

4>lj^ sadddf payment of money. 

JcXm* saddada, he paid a debt, paid 
in (money). 

JjJsMiJ tasdcedy payment ; paying 
off of debt. 

SiSui sadeedy just, honourable. 

SjljkMj siddda, cork, plug. 

S*y-*M sudda, bench, threshold ; 

ijij'Jo is*M sudda Bdhdwiya, Papal 

jfjj - .tVMi «it?r, lotus-tree ; like 
the nahq, ^^ viola arborcaJ 




( 120 ) 


soroor, or masarraj 

jSm sadar, vertigo. 

£Lm . (r*^^ suds, one-sixth part 

(see sitta) . 
ii*,4>U* sddis, the sixth in order. 

JjkM# sarfZ, the hanging down of 
anything flexible (curtain, veil, 
hair, cloak, rope, &c.) 

c^Ijum saddb. the herb me. 

X».|ti*w saddja, simplicity. 

iLJI Jjk»- - ij-m surra, navel; habl 
el'Surra, navel-string. 

sarra, ho gladdened. 

SaiJtJA^ or )%t*** 

joy, delight, 
.j-uj^ masroor, gladdened, glad. 

Ijj^jm,^ masrooriya, gladness, a 
being gladdened. 

jus sir (Persian ser), head, chief 
of a guild, &c. 


^j^l - jm sirr, pi. asrar, mystery, 

secret; drinking a health, a 
'' toast.'' 

.L*»l asrdr, secrets; hasheesh or 
bang smoked in secret as being 

.1^11 >Liil ifshd eUasrdr, revela- 
tion of (professional) secrets; 
breach of confidence. 

j\jmV JtJ^ kdtim ei!-a«rar, concealer 

or keeper of secrets, a confi- 
dential secretary. 

^jjm sirriy, confidential, secret. 

V/-- ji'^^ viukhbir sirriy, secret 
informant, police spy, a detec- 

jjm ''jlj^ sareer, pi. soror, bed- 
stead, a flat desert plain, not 
sandy desert. 

i^)\;»*» - A^. f«*» sorriya, pi. sardriy, 

f^\j»*i\ . ^-Vm sarab, pi. asrdb, 
pipe, drain, conduit. 

^JUL*j sardbdtiy, cleaner of cess- 

L—^^ saraba, he slipped away, got 

L-J>^ M#„3 tasarraba, (the animal) 
escaped, slipped away, took 
its course. 

L-j>j^ «ara6 (Persian F), mirage 
of desert. 

^j»H^ masrab, path, course, pas- 

^^j^ - ^j*** sarj, pi. sorooj, saddle, 

horse's saddle. 


^j»*i or ,-pp^ saraja, or sarraja, 
he saddled (the horse). 

-a-ji-^ soroojiy, saddler. 

^L*# «iVa; (for Persian chirdgh), 
lamp, illumination. 

--^ saralia, ho roamed, went early 
to the fields to work. 

-p^;*** sarraha, ho let free or loose 
(cattle), led to pasture; combed 
out his hair. 

^,f^ or ^./wJ tasrech, a permit, 

pass, licence. 
^ .L# sdrih, pen8ive,absent-minded. 

^jm sareeh, vagabond, pedlar. 

'.JT **/" 

( 121 ) 

Cjm iiy*t $aqa, or sawaqa sarechaj 
pedlars; mob. 
t^jm] or djM* sarada, or asrada, he 
narrated^ set forth in order. 

^.^|J^.^ sirddb (Persian)^ vaults 

secret passage. 
j)dj^M serddr (Persian), chief, 

leader, petty chieftain ; in 

Egypt, Commander - in - Chief 

under the Khedive. 
Vi^«^%AMp^ sarsaha (colloquial), he 


^JiojM saratdn, crab. Cancer in the 
Zodiac ; disease of cancer. 

cjMi saro^a, he was in haste, quick. 

hjt^ sora^a, haste, quickness. 

tjjkxcyu sara'atila, (Turkish suffix 

Ua, with) with haste; quick 
march ! 
mj^ sa/ree^ay quick, speedy. 

fjm 8ora\ reins for a horse. 

a^\ O'Sra^a, he hastened ; was in 
a hurry. 

4^^^-ac'lj fj^ asra^a bil-jarij he 
hurried away, running. 

%^jBt\j 9 fMi^ mosria' bil-jarij hastily 

running away. 

ci^l or uJ^ sarafa, or asrafaj 
he squandered. 

jj^l isrdf, extravagance. 

mosrif, spendthrift. 

^jjIkI or jf^ saraqa, or istaraqa, 

he stole. 
ijjmj] or ^j**t soriqa, or insaraqa, 

it was stolen. 

Sij0M Beriqa, theft. 

iil/** " lS;^ sdriq, pi. sorrdq, thief. 

yj^j^*^ masrooq, stolen. 

^-^ serghi (Turkish), a govern- 
ment bill of exchange or order 
for payment. 

dy^j^ sarmad, eternal, very long. 

yjm sarWf or «aroo, cypress-tree. 

j^^ - J'j!/^ sirwdl (for Persian 
shalwdr), loose drawers, pan- 

i^]jM - ij»Jj*** serdya (for Persian 

serdi), palace. 

tj;jm sara, he travelled, it spread, 
was in force. 

Xjic 4eg/***i y^wri ^aleihy it affects 
him, is of effect against him, 
injures him. 

ycj^ sdri, (a law) in force ; con- 
tagious (disease). 

h}jm sirdya, contagion, infection. 

JflAM or ^Lmi sataha, or sattaha, 
he spread out flat, flattened. 

_^L«M • JLm 5a^A, pi. sotooh, flat 
surface, flat roof, deck of ship. 

^^a™ sat'hiy, superficial, on the 

JaMw« or _^L«Mu« mastooh, or iMo^a^- 
^a%, flattened, flat. 

Jsmi^ or _ILmm« mistdhj area, sur- 
face ; threshing-floor. 

Joam^ mo«a^toA, note showing area 
and limits of a ^iece of IqajI^ 


( 122 ) 


JioM or JiotM satara, or sattara, he 

ruled lines, wrote out. 
tjk^ . JouM «a^r, pi. sotoor, line, 

.^-fcL*M sdtoor, butcher's knife, 


Jbm^ mosattar, ruled (paper). 
i^LMib« mastara, ruler. 

«kM «a^a'a, (the sun or moon) 

JL«** sail, " hasheesh,'' lozenge of 
sugar and opium. 

^^jLUm] . ^UoamI ostowdna, pi. asd- 

teen (Persian; from Greek Bioa)^ 
cylinder, column. 

^Lamj - llui said, he attacked, in- 
vaded ; yasti, he attacks. 

SJa*M satwa, invasion, attack. 

jLm «a^o, attack, burglary, brigand- 

ilL«M - iJsUm «a^i, pi. sotdt, brigand, 

juic ^\im ^ moflft 'aleih, victim of 
attack. [for mastoo, IIom^,^ 

mM«^ . LuM «a'a, capacity, width 
(see t&o^^a'a). 

Jamm saHar, herb thyme, penny- 

iXffM* «a'(2, good fortune, help from 

iSOiiAM sa^eed, fortunate; a man's 

JjumI asa'd, more fortunate. 

-4xi«u. 4^1^ ^or^ Sa'eed, Port Said, 

named after the late Said 
Pasha of Egypt. 

iS^J . ij£, . Sjliwi sa'ddet, felicity ; 

His Excellency, a title of second 
and third class Pashas, and 
also given by courtesy to Beys; 
inferior to devlet, superior to 
^jUmi sa'ddetlu, Turkish form of 
above title. 

detlu efendim, Turkish title for 
a third class Pasha, i,e. Liwa, 
brigadier, or civil meeri-meerdn, 

detlu efendim hazretleri, Turkish 
title for a second class Pasha, 
i.e, a Fareeq, general of divi- 
sion, or Roumeli Beylerbey. 

iXcLi sd'ada, he assisted. Cc;;^ 

SacUm^ mosda'da, help, goodwill^ 

J^Imm . Sc\m0 sd'yid, pi. sawd'yid, 

fore-arm. 1-^1;*^ 

4>yuMw« masa'ood, happy, lucky. 
.UmiI - jMMi siaW, pi. asa^dr, fixed 

price, legal tariff, rate. 
yim so'vy intensity, rabies, 
^j^juw sa'rdn, mad (dog.) [S^^ 
*— i*^ «»!A palm-leaf or branch. 

iiLMMt sa'fa, ulcer on the head. 

ftfLi sd^afaj he came to the 

(Iium) rn'of, aid, rescue, relief. 
JUmi «o'a/, cough. 

^>J JU, 

( 123 ) 


^«.Xji3 JIju*# so'al deekiy, whoop- 
ing- cough, coqueluche, '' cock's 

^^ytM so^an, goatskin, bag. 

^nm sa'a, he ran, exerted himself. 

j^u*i say, effort, a run. 

_cUmm«._ium^ masa'a, pi. masd'ay, 

SliuM . i<s'^ saay, pi. «o'a^, mes- 
senger, courier. 

^i^M* or icA^ «ajr^, or so/oof, dry 

grain, powdered stuff, especially 
medicinal powders. 

iiim suffa, basket of palm leaves. 
Jiui safaha, he shed blood. [s^Jam* 

^Iam* saffdh, bloodthirsty, name 

of a Caliph. 
^Li**i sifdh, debauchery. 
Jamj safada, (the animal) leaped. 
Xkm] -^^ftMi safar, pi. arfdr, voyage, 

journey, departure, travel. 
JLi sdfara, ho set out, departed. 
jL# «a/?r, traveller, departing. 
i\m^ moadfity traveller, guest. 
iJ\»*K^ mosafara, travel. 
i^Am safdra, mission, embassy. 
p\yLm - ji^ BofccVy pi. Bofard, 

Ja^\ - y^ sifr, pi. asfdvy book ; 

one of the books of the Old 

jAm*] asfaraj the sun rose, came up. 
ijiiM, sofra, table, dinner-table. 

_».s^AMi Bofraji (Turkish), butler, 

waiter at table. 

-J. .liiM - iS>i^ safarjai., pi. safdrij, 

CLXamm 8afaka,he shed (blood), [^amj 

^Ui) CAaam 8cfk dimd, bloodshed, 

(Jam* 8ujl, lowness, under part; 

^Jla*** . sujliy, low, inferior, under 

ZMim . iiAm sifltty or sofdla, under 
part, baseness. 

£lLm . JiLi «a^, pi. safalay low, 

JiL.1 - Jam*! fiur/ccZ, pi. a«4/2/, lower, 
baser, under part. 


^jia^UL!) JjUmI asdJU en-nds, the 
lowest classes of people. 

Jl-AamI . ^^Ju*» Sofia (femin. of 
asfaJDy lower. 

jfiAAM sifidq, toady, parasite. 

^ooj or ^jAm# - JULjiLM safeena, pi. 

sofon, or safdyin, ship, a smooth 
carvel-built ship. [c^^^^ 

JLa*m] or J^-ftM« «/i'y> or w/inj, 

jcam« safiha, he was licentious, 


jutlftMi safdha, libertinism,insolence. 
^LjiuM safeeh, insolent, licentious. 
jAm saqar (femin.), hell-fire. 
\eSuM saqatay he or it fell, it lapsed. 


( 124 ) 


)eyijsi soqootj fall^ lapse (of a right). 

IoamI cksqata, he made fall^ threw 
down, annulled, transferred a 
right^discounted ; caused abor- 
tion; deducted. 

LIaawI iaqdt, a causing abortion, 
throwing down, discount, trans- 
fer, annulling, deduction, sub- 

LjjISmi . JLliLi saqqatay-pX. saqdqeet, 

Lami^ masqat, place of falling, 

place ; Muscat. 

^1 Lamj^ mosqat ileih, transferred 
or ceded to him; '^concessionaire.'' 

' y.» . caaam saqf, pi. soqoof, 
ceiling, roof. 

ikxLti saqeefa, roof, roofing. 

i— fl5»M saqqafa, he roofed; he clapped, 

cJuJLiJ - ^IajlamJ tasqeefa, pi. ^o^a- 
2^^> general repairs of houses, 

(.JtSLil . «— AA>*«1 usqafy pi. asdqifj 
bishop, episcojpos. 

JsLm] • JLm saqam, pi. asqdm, disease. 

^^Mm saqeem, ill. 

^^^A*M or ^^^ saqa, or saqqa, he 
watered ; gave to drink. 

j^^l asqa, he watered (land, or 

JIami - L5*'^ «aji, pi. soqdt, cup- 

j^l^-**# - La-jLmi saqiija, pi. «a- 
u;a}i, (femin.) cup-bearer, water- 

lajj^l JjiAMi saqiyat el-ghuit, water* 
ing a field. 

Sjy - Asiu* saqqd, water-carrier of 
a qirba, or goatskin of water on 
his back. CiJ^'**^ 

^^^Ai*#l isiaqa, he drew water. 

^LaamJ tasqeeya, irrigation. 

^IaamjLm] istisqd, dropsy. 

ilS«M^ misqdty small canal, artificial 

^^Iamjmo masqdwij land irrigated by 
a sdqiya, or water-wheel. 

CXiM sakka, he slammed, hit hard, 
barred ; shut. 

CACm . K«M sikka, pi. 8ii;6Z[;, road. 

JocXs^' Urn sikkat eUhadeed. rail- 
way. ^ 

CJfeu< . Km sikka, pi. «i/reA;, 
coined money. 

clJ^Sms,^ maskookdty coined money. 

sJLJSm^'c maskookf shut (door). 

K^^im sakaba, he poured, founded 
metal. [CAjum . (J!^ 

^^CmJI insakaha, it was poured. 

LuX^i sakatuy he ceased talking, 
became silent. 

vj!j-^- sakkata, he silenced (an- 
other) . 

\:uyL*i sokoot, silence, reticence. 

c:i*<^Ami sdkit, silent, reticent. 

ij^ £LCm idkta mukhkhiya, apo- 
plexy, brain stoppage. 


( 125 ) 


}^C**s sokdt (vulgarism for aohoot), 

^^Cm sohr, drunkonness. 

^t^ sakrdn, drunk^ intoxicated. 

ilw sakira, or sikira, lie got 

^^Cm) askara, he made drunk^ gave 

KSj]jL»t^ muskirdt, intoxicating 

jCkf sakkara (in Syria) ^ he shut a 

jL*t sukkar, sugar. 

JLm ^,.^^f qasab sukkar, sugar- 

^CJI W;C takreer es-sukkar, refin- 
ing of sugar. 

sA^ J^ hoi sukkariy, diabetes. 

_Jl^t or c^ICm sakkdfj or iskdfi, 

^^^ sakana, he kept quiet, dwelt. 

^jCm sakkana, he pacified, settled 

a colony. 

^^yiC*! or ^^^ saka/tij or «uJ:7ia, 

^yl*** sokoon, rest, state of rest; 
the mark ^ over a consonant 
showing that the consonant is 
at rest, and not followed by a 
vowel. ^&j^ 

^J^ - ^J^ sdkin, pi, sukkdrij 

dweller, inhabitant; a conso- 
nant marked with the sokoon. 

^Km* sukkdrij tiller, rudder. 

^1^ Sawdkin, Su&kin, a port on 
the west coast of the Red Sea. 

^Lm^ - ^j^***^ i^askan, pi. masdr' 
kin, dwelling-place. 

^yl^^ maskoon, inhabited, or in- 

iXC^'c maskana, wretchedness, 

^^;ji\Miw« . ^jj£^>*»>^ maakeen, pi. ma- 
sdkeen, wretched, pauper, ^^mes* 

fjJ^^ - fji^ sikkeen, pi. sakd' 
keen, knife. 

\jUfK**i sakdkeeniy, knife-maker, 



JuM scUlay he unsheathed. 


JgM sallj an unsheathing. 


JIm or JuM «t{Z, or auldi, phthisis, 


JIm . Jmi «6Q, pi. sUdi, basket. 

ZLm stddla, posterity. 

jyu^ mculool, unsheathed ; con- 

Hm^ ntigaZZa, awl, bodkin; obelisk, 
e.g, Cleopatra^s " needle.'* 

>_Lm^ or >1am «t7d, or maslif 
clarified butter for cooking. 

i^Amt salaba, he pillaged, stripped. 

(..^JL 9aZ&, pillage, nudity ; nega- 
tive answer. 

(w^LJlj u^^^l ajdba bis-aalb, he 
answered in the negative. 

(wJuL) istalaha, he pillaged, 


( 126 ) ^lU-j.^ 

2jJu salabaj the bucket-rope of a 
well; rope. 

^.^UMl . v-j>^1 usloob, pi. asd- 
leeb, path, method. 

J«Lt or >ac*^ saljamy or shalgham, 
turnip. [cuaI 

ia^^ . ^Im 9i7a%, pi. asliha, arm, 

i^U te^' asliha ndriya, fire-arms. 

^LJI Jul>- hdmil es-sildh, carry- 
ing arms, armed. 

Imsallaha, he armed, gave arms to. 

JLgJ tasallaha, he armed himself. 

JLjU or JU^ miLsallak, or mu^a- 

soMih, armed. 

.lAflc**** silihddr (Persian), armed 

^fta:^ solhafa {pronoxxncedzihlifa), 

JLm salakha, he skinned, stripped. 

JbiM salhh, the cast-off skin, the 
peeled skin; the end of the 

*JU- JU or li\a^ salkh'khdna 

(Persian), slaughter - house, 
where dead animals are skinned. 

JumJ tasdllukh, a raw wound, 

^iJu* «aZi>, easy, gentle, suave. 

SjJIm sahisa, suavity, facility of 

JjjlmJLm sahdbeel, the fountain of 

JgJu Bcdsaia, he formed a chain, 


(JmJlmjJ tasahala^ it formed a 
series, ran on in a series or 
consecutive numbers. 

(Jm«1*m . iLJUi silsUa, pi. saldsil, 
chain, series, zigzag, dynasty; 

J^mJUX* mutasahil, consecutive, 
in series. 

SiSaA) JaJLm^ mosahal bil-hadeed, 
(a prisoner) in chains; chained 

laLi saluta, he was imperious. 

yu sallata, he forced, urged, in- 


klMiJ tasnilata, he lorded it, was 

^JaLj tasaltana, he became ruler 
or Sultan. 

JulsLi or lyLi «uZ^a, or saltana, 
power, empire, tyranny. 

is^^ JikLi sidta mutlaqa, absolute, 
or discretionary power. 

SyU salta, woman's embroidered 

^jJ^stm . ^lUuM stdtdn, pi. ^oZafeen, 
dominion, power, proof. Hence, 
as a secondary meaning, power- 
ful. Sultan, Sultana. 

>jJum ^^ILLm Sultdn Sdeem, Sultan 


^IDum i4^\i Fdtma Sultan, Sultana 

/ylUUi Sididniy, imperial. 

/*JJbL* ^,J^ tareeq aultdniy, the 

public highway, the ^^King^s 



( 127 ) 


^^JaLi sulkiniya, vase, bowl, 
c— ftL* salafa, it was in advance^ 
previous. t^^i^ 

uJl^l - •— aL< «alq/^, pi. asldf, pre- 

L5*^ • 15^1^ «aZa^ ti;a Ichalafi, 
my predecessor and my suc- 

u-SJL# «a/i/, previous, prior. 

«^j tJUl es'ScUif zikrohj above- 

IaLm or uJJLj salaf, or «w//a, ad- 
vance of money, loan. 

cl^*,j^aLj salajiydty loans, advances 
of money. 

cAJU* sallafa, lie lent, advanced 
money. Cc/if* 

u-iJLjL*#l istalafa, he borrowed, 

{ILLmI ^ i_«^^^--* tasleef wa istildf, 

a lending and borrowing. 

silf, brother-in-law. 

jf— Lrf salaqa, he cooked by boil- 

jj^L*w* maslooqj boiled, cooked. 

jfLi «a/gr, beetroot ; green herb. 

jfLj tasallaqa, he climbed. L mJ 

^aL# salqa, he throw another down 
on his back. [^Jj 

_a]uuiI istalqa, ho lay on his back. 

^ylJL* saldqooyi, rod-lead, minium, 

(^JJum salaka, he followed a path. 

v^^JLm solookj course, conduct, 
behaviour^ path or duty in life. 

i^JlJI >_Mi «ai^ €8'8olook, a man 

of evil life. 

CJJLm - \JJX^ silk, pi. solookj wire, 
line, telegraph wire. 

<^JlLi^< maslak, path. 

KLm^ maslaha, drain-pipe ; tube. 

«aL< or «CLi salka'a, he slapped, 

JLm 8ilm, peace, quiet, orderliness 

of life. 
^^^AC Jum «i7/7i 'omoomiy, public 

peace or order. 

Am saldm, the peace of God; 
salutation, a military salute. 

^^AiUlLi saldmlik (Turkish), men's 
reception-room, '' mandara," 

hoL*t saldma, peace, soundness, 

J}L . Jum siUim, (or sullam), pi. 
saldiim, ladder, stairs, steps. 

Ju aalima, he was sound, healthy. 

SjtL** - JL* sdlim, pi. scUama, 

healthy, sound; name for a 
man, S&lim. 

ULm . ff-i^ saieem, pi. svlamd, 

healthy, sound; name for a 
man, Selim. 

^^AMsl' ^^Am* saleem d-jism, able- 
bodied, sound in body. 

Am\ aslam, sounder, better, more 

JL* sallama, he saluted, paid his 
respects; Burrendered,delivered. 

jjJL»? tasleem, surrender; payment, 


( 128 ) 

JCImI istalamaj he received^ took 

aIxm*! istildrn, receipt^ a taking 

Jul aslama, he surrendered to 

God, became Moslem. 

A^) islam, submission to God; 
Islam, the religion taught by 

^ 4L*K^ or ^^JLmmo . JLm^ Muslim, 
pi. MusUmoon, or MusUmeen, 
he who has submitted to God, 
a Moslem, Mussulman, Ma- 



musaUim, surrendering. 

agreeing, yielding. 

JumjU mutasallim, responsible, a 
receiver of a trust; local go- 

^UjJu Suleiman, Solomon. 

_JU.jJLm stdeimdniy, sublimate, 

J^LLmI . J^.juLm) Isldmbol, a 
Turkish corruption of Istdnbol, 

/VJ^Uu*' - ^Ji ^ < l >**l Isldmboliy, 
Arabic adjective for Istdnholiy, 
Constantinopolitan; applied to 
Turkish tobacco and to *' Stam- 
bouline^^ coats. 

jj^y^^M saldmoniya, small crooked 

_Lm salla, he amused, consoled. 

JLmj tasalla, he amused himself, 
consoled himself. 

JLa^Uj: ^as/zyaj amuaing another, 

iJLi salwa, consolation. 
^j^ salwa, quail, small bird. 

•a ti 

f»4wM or j^m samma, or sammama, 

he poisoned. 
j^yAm . !^«amm, pi. ^omoom, poison. 
JUuM . a^aam samoom, pi. samdyim 

(femin.)> a hot deadly wind. 


W M 

aLm* or ^^.ami sammty or samm, 

^o^ammama, he poisoned 
himself, became poisoned. 

:i^l«L*^ . aUm^ Tna^dm^i, pi. ma- 

sdmmdt, pore of skin. 

«am^, direction, locality, 
address, conduct. 

I eS'Samt, azimuth. 

iJijJI \:l '^"- samt er-rds, Zenith, 
point overhead. 

Sjum* or kj^sJ^am* sameet, crisp 
biscuit made in rings; a sort 
of flour, " semolina.'' 

^L» or ^am* samaha or sdmaha, 

he pardoned. 
^U*w simdh, forgiveness, pardon. 
^4mmJUmI Mfa^ma/ia, he asked pardon. 

^'wk-**! simakhy interior of ear, 

ijA^m sumra, brown colour. 

AjAm ^jAmA asmar, (femin.) samrd, 

.Umi samdr, fine reeds or rushes 
used for matting. 

sammara, \ie Tv^XfeSi* 



( 129 ) 

^^LiMO - j-A^^^ mismdr, pi, tnasd- 

meer, nail, peg. 
«amj saviar, night talk. 

j^\m samara, he conversed confi- 
dentially at night with. 

J^A^ or^Uw sdmir, or sanieer, the 

highest title of the Grand Vizier, 
applied to him by the Sultan 
as his confidential friend and 
sharer of his anxious night 
thoughts for the safety of the 

.*4«*# saimnoor, marten^ s fur. 

ijM^.Jk*M samsara, brokerage (Italian 
sensor I a) . 

S.^U**j - .'»M*^«-*i simsdr, pi. samd- 
siray broker. LJ^iM^ 

j^t^4»k» simsim, sesame, millet. 

mA^ sami'a, he heard, listened. 

«4jLj1 istama'a, he listened. 

c}^j%^ or mA^ sama'j or samd'a, 
hearing, sense of hearing. 

listener, audience. 

iJCLj somindq, porphyry, sumach. 

CX«wM samky thickness, solidity. 

CJU4--i# samcek, thick, solid. 

CJU«««1 . {JJkAMt samak, pi. asjndk, 

CJUuj^ sammdk, fisherman, fish- 

CJUumJII iaU- halqat el-asmdk, fish- 

ei^l^Li^ or ei^\l>*«M samakdt, or 
somloAdt, ornaments^ trinkets. 

' ' sdm\a\ pi. sdmia^oon, 

^^ykm samn, fatness, lard, butter. 

iJ'»4^ samdna, fatness ; calf of leg ; 

^jXam» sameen, fat, stout. 

^jA»*jj tasammana, ho grow fat. 

y«MM somoo, elevation, highness, 

^^ sdmi, majestic. 

vr^l^'w>«uM • ^Um« samd, pi. samawat, 
sky, heavens. 

j^^U^ samdmiy, celestial. 

^>«M^ somoo, a naming. 

^^y«uM samma, he named, gave a 
name to. 

jl-jl-^iuaJ tasmiya, nomenclature, 
giving a name. 

^^4MiMj yosma, he is named; by 

^<«Um) . ^UomI . ^1 ism, pi. o^ma. 

or a^dmi, name. 



Bism Utah in the name of 

^^SsT ^\j bi'ism el-Ehedewiy, in 

the Khedive's name. 
^4m«^ mosamma, named, by name. 

^j»M sanna, he sharpened. 

^IL- «annan, knife-grinder, 

^^**j^ misann, grindstone. 

^UL#I - ^^ sinn, pi. a«7mn (ferain.), 
tooth ; age ; apex, point i 
powdered charcoal ; inferior 



( 130 ) 


JjiJI ^ Sinn el-feel, elephant's 
tooth, ivory. [-,1c 

hadces ess inn, young 

w w 



in age. 

M M 

^^1) ^ ^^fio Vana fis-stnn, he 

was advanced in age, was an 
old man. 

S^J\ ^ sinn er-rushd, majority, 
age of discretion. [^jxj<X^ 

^^^MiMo mosinn, old, aged. 

^Jui . ILm sonna, pi. sonan, Moslem 
custom based on sacred tra- 

^Jumu« mcwnoon, customary, ordered 
by sonna. 

i^juJuM sanaibra, necklace. 

CJjJSmj . CJ^fltM sanhook, pi. sand- 
beck, dhow, sailing-boat of the 
Bed Sea, &c. 

^ILm . HjuLm sonbola, pi. sandbil, 
ear of corn; Virgo, in the Zodiac. 

^JuLj santi (French), centimetre. 

l^j'j^Ui sinjabiy, grey, like squirreVs 

y^^ssXm sanjdq (Turkish), banner, 
province. [^1^ 

ili**** - Ass^M sinja (for Turkish 
soongyoo), bayonet. 

JLw - ir^u. sinja, pi. sinaj, shop 


-^iJUwl - Ju* sinkh, pi. asndkh, 

root, alveole, 

djLi^) - aiw sanad, pi. a^ndd, sup- 
/;c>^/, prop; proof. 

/oiw . ai^ sanad, j\. sanaddt. 

proof, title-deed, voucher, docu- 
ment, bill of exchange. 

ci.>ljJLwj ijI;^' aic^'og t^^a sanaddt, 

papers and documents. 
«3JLm sanada, he supported, helped. 

jJLmI asnada, he made lean upon, 
propped up; imputed an offence 

t3aJL«) . jUmiI isndd, pi. asdneed, 
argument in support of a plea. 

^^ jJuLmI istanada 'ala, he relied 
upon, based his argument upon. 

CL>^i3JuL*^ mustanoAldt, bases, or 
arguments in proof. 

JOmi^ mvsnad, rest for arm, seat; 

i.c3JLM sandara, garret, attic. 

JljJui or ^IjJui sinddn, or sinddl, 

^jIji3juw sindlydn, oak, ^' yeuse," 

S.Uu* «mnara, fish-hook, fishing- 
tackle. [or ij\xo 

ialc or Iojum «an^, acacia, mimosa 
nilotica; acanthus; wart. 

^^j^M or ^^J^ sankariy, tinker, 

maker of tin-pots. 

iUUai sandma, camel's hump. 

pi. sanawdi or sinoon, or sincen, 

^jjuum sanatain, two years. 

^^xLm Jl£> - «amJ . ^;Uj taldt, 

twa', 'asliT «iueeu, ^, \,^,^^ 


( 131 ) 


7, 8, 9, 10 years, i. e, sana, 
being feminine, takes a femi- 
nine numeral. 


^cyu* sanawiy, annual, yearly, 
^^yuj ^^SU rdiih sanamy, salary. 

annual income. 

^[Xm4 sand, majesty, grandeur; 
senna, senna Mekki, cassia, 

^JL» saniy, majestic, royal, Kho- 

*;aX*j XtiU irdJa saniya, imperial 
wiW J fiat, decree of Sultan. 

ijui^ S^!i) (Idyira saniya, royal 
department ; an administration 
of certain private Khedivial 
property under mortgage. 

^JumJ tasanna, he felt at ease, 
found it easy, ready to be done. 

^f*w sahira, he watched by night, 
sat up at night. 

j^ sahar, vigil. 

'ij^ sahra, evening party, ball. 

^1^^ or .5>'*w sdhir, or sahrdn, he 
who keeps vigil. 

Jl|a« sahida, it was easy, went 

2^f*» solioola, facility. 

(Jf^ said, easy, smooth. 

3lf**i ^ Ibb^ alildn wa sahldn, wel- 
come ! C*i^r« 

the way. 

(JjifAfJ tas'hcel, facilitation, help. 

^w ia^ahhala, it became easy, 
he found it oasj^ 

Jjt'vMJ/a5d/taZa,hemado mutual con- 
cessions, was accommodating. 

Jl^***! is'hdl, diarrhoea ; giving a 

J.^**!^ mos'kil, purgative ; a purge. 

J>»j. ^ Mj sohail, constellation of 

J^^ - ^^^ sahm, pi. sikdm, arrow, 

gaming with arrows, casting 
lots ; a share ; share in a com- 
pany ; 1- 144th part of a feddan 
or acre, 8J sq. yards ; cosine. 

^Li sdhama, he took shares in a 

3L4bJbl.,MA.,< mosdhama, joint-stock 
(company), '' comj>a^nie ano' 
nyme." [i^ 

y^ salio, error, negligence, forget- 

i^«AM sahwdn, by mistake, through 
negligence. [^UaS- 

^Li - Jm* 801V, or 800, badness, evil, 
bad ; sd, it was bad. 

ijui sawatf vice, the worst part 
of a thing. 

^Ls^ »a?y, bad, evil. 

cl^UUmi . HIm saiya, pi. saiydt, evil 
quality, sin. 

Jm^I ^t** 800 cUqasd, evil intent, 

iikJsM^] or JUicLmSI Jm» 800 el'istia*' 
mdl, or 800 el - vio'dmala, ill- 
treatment, cruelty. 

i*M mid dafa' sow, a driving off oC 

Jm J». 


( 132 ) 


> JL or Jm (Jj^-j rajil sow (or 

saiy), a bad man. 

SjUam siydda, chiefdom, a title of 

Ci^tjUi . t3uuM sayyid, pi. sad at, a 
descendant of the Prophet, 
aristocrat, lord, chief; master. 
Sir ; the '^Cid ^' of Spain. 

jjuM seed, vulgarism for sayyid, 

- ijjuM «ay^/cZa (shortened into 
sitt), lady, Mrs. 

j: ijuJL.AM Sayyida Zainabj 

"Lady Zainab,^^ the daughter 
of Khozaima, and wife of the 
Prophet, by reason of her chari- 
ties called '' the Mother of the 
Poor''; a mosque and district 
of Cairo named after her. 

^4>Uam . ^4>Um» siyddetkom, your 

excellency, your chieftainship; 
distinguish this from sa'ddet- 
kom ; your felicity, excellency. 

i>1mm sawdd, blackness; a black 
shape, shadow. 

^1jy*M . J^-Mj) aswad, or isvnd, 

(femin.) soda, black, dark blue. 

dy*t sood, black men or things. 

AdyM soda, black bile, melancholy. 

^Ij^ Sooddn, the blacks, black 
men, Soudan. 

I JyM L;^^4> dahaba sooddn, it went 
wrong, was futile, in vain. 

^jcj<i - dy*4 sawwada, he scribbled, 

wrote a rough draft; blackened; 

layyada, be wade a clean copy 

^^oza the rough draft, whitened. 

SJj^amJ tasweeda, a rough draft, 

Sjw« ma«u;a(fa, rough draft, memo. 

.1*M*I 'jy*> soor, pi. aswdr, wall of 

town, a boundary wall, garden 
wall. lj]s^ 

jyJi ta^awwara, he climbed over 
a wall. 

.^Jac" .y*iJ tasawwur el-jiddr, '^es- 
calade," a French legal term 
for a form of burglary. 

ijjy*4 Sooriya, Syria, Shdm. [JJt 

jy^ - ijytM soora, pi. sowar, rank, 

series, sign from heaven; chapter 
of the Koran. 

.^L*l . Jyu siwdr, pi. asdwir, 

bracelet, bangle ; linen cuff. 

jjf^l^ sowdri (Persian), cavalry ; 
also a captain of a man-of-war. 

^j^-^jy** ^oordfc/a (Persian), decanter, 


^.Lc or ^j^y** sawdreekh, fire- 

^LmUmi siyasa, the art of governing 
a nation, or a horse; diplomacy, 

«wL* sdsa, he governed, contrpUed. 

i^lyw - ^j0jL* sdyis, pi. sowwds, 
groom, running footman. 

^*«lju*. siydsiy, diplomatic, cunning, 

ju-UJUl v-^L-Ji^ arhdh cs-siydsa, 

statesmen, diplomats. 
^Liju*j . {j^y** soos, pi. seesdn, 

worm, rVng-^OTm^ Crcut\e% ot 



( 133 ) 

€8-8008 (corrupted from the 
Greek), liquoricc-water, a fa- 
vourite summer drink. 

^mtmmJ /(/-«« it'ifa^a, it became rotten, 

^^lt*K^ mo8awwa8y worm-eaten. 

^y** 80080 n, lily, white lotus, 

^^j^yJ^ E8'8owayi8j Suez, 

hyt^ sot, whip, flogging, [cf. CL;y» 

pyM 8awdgh, lawfulness, fitness. 

cL# sdjha, it was lawful. 

* i)*Mj[ yasoogh luho, he has the 

right, it is lawful to him. 
iJw^ 8dyigh, lawful, proper. 

u-iy^ sdf, afterwards, later on, in 
the future. 

XjL*-^ masiifa, space of time, dis- 
tance, interval. 

i^jAM jS^^ Bahr Soof, Biblical name 

for the Red Sea. 
i'ju*i siynq, course, driving ; con- 
text of words. 
cl;U'uu*^ Htydqdt, conduits, drainage. 

^y*^ - Jl'**' sdqa, he drove, pushed 
on; ya80oq, he drives. 

^Jmi 80oq (imperative), drive on! 
bo quick ! 

^Ua^ or ^.*« ^dyiq, or sawwdq, 

driver, drover. 
^^UUa*. - vj'-*** sdq, pi. seeqdn 

(femin.), leg, shank, stalk. 

(JIt"^ " (Jj^ sooq^pl. aswdq, market^ 

iMy*4 8owaiqa, small bazaar, fair; 

iJy^ 8oqa, or sawaqa, comn.on 
people, mob. 

soqa 8arceha, pedlars. 



vagabonds, mob. 
if^MiMC maswaqa, stick for driving 
cattle ; cudgel. 

CJ!%AM 8iwaky a picking of the 
teeth, as a religious cleansing 
of the mouth ; tooth-pick. 

CJ^ or CJ^^ 8dhaf or saunvaka, 
he cleaned his teeth. 

CJlyM^ misivdk, tooth-brush, tooth- 

lLII^ saxvdk, edges or sides of cut 

Id-^ - -p-^^ Sohdj, a town on 

the Nile in Upper Egypt, in 
the province of Girgd. 

jjUi or AjjkJ^Mi 8eemyd, or 8eem, 
magic, conjuring. 

>Uj^ 8ecmd, face, physiognomy. 

^yM 8atviaj it was worth, equalled. 

yjy*^ ya8wa, it is worth, equals. 

^jy*4 8awwa, he made equal, settled 
a debt or claim, did, accom- 
plished, smoothed. 

jj:^LJ or t^j'^ sdwa, or tasdwa, it 
was equal to. 

^yLwl istawa, it was ripe, properly 
cooked, smooth, flat, equal. 

>IyLil istiwd, ripeness, equality. 

lyLiS! iSi- A7ia/i cUUtiwd, lino of 
the equator. 


( 134 ) 

<»flJ*lJI ^JL*M 

sI^Um^ mosdwdf, equality. 

j^^Ju*-^ mistlwi, ripe, smooth, 
cooked ; of common gender. 

jcy-^«**jU or t^^L*.o mosdwl, or muta- 
sdwi, mutually equal. 

-^1^ or ^y*i siwa, or sawd, equality, 

equal; other; either-or; both— 
and ; except, same. 

AyM AyM sawd saxvdj together, 

with one another; the same, 

iSy** sawiya, equality, totality. 

-yw 8cea, equal, similar. 

Uj^S or Lc^jAwS /(i-s^ca??id ''nothing 

is equal to it,'^ i.e. principally, 

(w.^'UUm saib, a flowing, being left 
free to move. 

v--;Uj sdha, it flowed, wandered, 

L;^<%>AM sayyaba, he let go, left 

Axj^m seehoh, or sayyihoh (impera- 
tive), let it go ! never mind ! 

L-^l*w sdyib, free, at large. 

isf^M seeja, a native game like 

,Jj^ siydj, hedge. 

^j^ saih, a flowing, melting of 
butter, &c. 

'woj sdha, (the butter) melted ; 
ho roamed, travelled. 

Lca^ /f/^uha, travel. 

saT/T/a/ia, he melted (tho 

J^^ sdyihj melted (butter). 
^ly*. or ^Ij^ sayydh, or siiwwdh, 

traveller, tourist. 
^Lw« mieydh, melting-pot. 

^M-^ - i^-'vo-^ masdha, dimensions, 
survey, area (sec also masaha), 

jyy*M « ^ju» salr, pi. soyoor, pro- 
cedure, course, voyage, strap, 

kJ*w - ijJ^ sccra, pi. slyar, course, 
conduct, morals. 

\jjyi^k\] or sulmJI fj**^^' hasan es- 
scera, or es-solook, a man of 
good conduct or behaviour. 

j^ . .Li sdra, he proceeded; 
yaseeVj he proceeds. 

jj<m sayyaray he sent, made pro- 
ceed ; took out a horse for 

jiJ^ tasyeer, a sending, mission. 

Ji[m sdyir, he who proceeds ; other, 
remainder, rest, alL 

S.Umj - .U**i sayydr, (f emin.) say- 

ydra, wanderer, planet. 
jj^ tasayyara, he relieved nature. 

S^Jlawm* or^JUwMO ma seer, or masecra, 
distance, course ; mode of life. 

ijL>]jy^\ ji***^ raaaecr cl-qotoordt, 
train-service ; railway guide- 

^^jO**, stesi, pony. 

sword, [cf. s-Ju^ f^aif, summer. 


i^Juy^i] y^^ or V— ftJuJI Jm# sail cs- 
saiff ox i«lv-liaT e%-%a\J, \\. ^t^^- 
ing OT uTvs\\eaV\iAX\^ \\vi ^^ot^ 


( 135 ) 



U*** sai/ydf, swordsman, heads- 

ijj^jk^ sikoorta (European), se- 
curity, insurance. 

Jomi sail, torrent (see p. 116). 
\juu# Scena, Mount Sinai. 


J^ Sheen. Value = 300. 

iV** ^^ LJ? '^^^> ^^ "^'^^ (colloquial), 
negative suffix to a verb, like 
the Frencli *' pas.^' 

liij^^ U mc£ a'arifsJi, I do not 

^1 JLii»i Lo rtid sliuftooh'sh, I did 
not see liim. 

^Xij - -^Xii «/i(ia, he wished; 
yashdd, he wishes. 

^1 ^li U ma s/ia(6 ^//(f//, the will 
of God ! Bravo ! IIow fine ! 

^t -pXi ^1 in slidd Uldh, if God 
will ; D.V. ; I hope. 

iijJLo masliiija, wish. 

AjJ!l\ - f-^ shaiy pi. ashidy thing, 

something ; in pi. goods, bag- 

^15^ lAM '-* ^^^ feesh sliai, there 
is nothing. 

»u^l - dXxJ!is\ ashidtoh (vulgarism 
for ashidho), his things, his 

hym shmvaya (diminutive) , a little 
thing, a little of, few. 

hJ^ ^r^ h^i'showaya sliowayay 
little by little, slowly, gently. 

.j'J^ shddir (Persian chdiUr), tent, 


j'JI. shdzz, differing, apart, aloof. 

^li shdshj muslin. 

u^ . c^'wt slidfa, ho saw ; 
yashoofy he sees. 

ft^ «/t«/ (imperative), see thou ! 

' *j -" tmhavnvafay he '' showed 
off,^' bragged. 

JLi^ - J'-»t «/ia/ (Persian), pi. 
shceldn, shawl. 

Jbk/i shaUa, small head-shawl. 

JjJtj - Jli shdla, he carried, bore 
off; yasheely he carries off. 

JLiui shayydly porter, carrier. 

J'JLe maslidl, removal, act of 

At Shdm, Syria, Damascus. 

Jy^ - Lj^^ Shdmiy, pi. Shaivtvdm, 

Syrian, a Syrian. 

^tXit - i«Lt shama, mole, beauty- 
spot (see ^A^atm). 

j^JLm or ^^ «/tam, or maslwom, 

left-hand, sinister, of evil 

^J^J'it - Jw s/ian, pi. sho^on, affair, 

^U ^Js- or J^ ^^ or ^^^Uj W- 

sAcIti, or min shdny or a7a shdn, 
concerning, because, for. 


( 136 ) 

Sl^ shda, sheep^ animal. 

llit shah (Persian), Shah, King, 

Jti'jt'Ji shdhdna (Persian), royal, 

^'jtU» shall dniy (Arabic adjective 
formed from shdhdna), royal, 

^JbLt shdhi, silk stuff. 

^^^li shahecn (Persian), falcon* 


jj^^yji - V./-^^'^ shdweesh, pi. 
shdwecshiya (for Turkish chd- 
vmsh), sergeant. 

j^'Ji shdi, tea. 

^ shabb, alum. 

shabba, (the horse) reared 
up. [dJLit, 

^^Ut . <^'J^ shdbb, pi. shobbdn, 
lad ; young of cattle. 

u-^^^ . h}JL shdbba, pi. shawdbb, 
girl ; young of cattle. 

Ijoyb^ or s-^'j^ shabdby or «&a- 
boobiya, youthfulness. 

<w^»M>*#w shibshib, woman^s slipper. 

Ci^viJ or tj^xJl shabasa, or com- 
monly tashabbasa, he stuck to ; 
set about, undertook. 

jut shibr, span of hand. 

».*>li shdboora, morning mist, fog. 

Ljui Shoobrd, (Coptic), place, vil- 
lage ; a suburb of Cairo, 
ijjul shabriya, camel-litter, cacolet. 

ls^LJ^ImZ ^habdrdsdt (for Persian 
/r/j?dr/ff/i), things ordered, debit 

tUft Shubdtf Syrian month of 

m^J^ shaba\ satiety. 

mXS:,] ashba\ he satiated another. 

^Ujut shaba'dn, satiated, cloyed 

[cf . Js^ 

^^ shabooq (for Turkish chibook), 
pipe, tube, rod. 

2jui shabaq, lewdness. 

CXot shabbaka, he intertwined, 

Axxi shabdka, net, network, en- 

yjXxi\yJii . CJ'ou^ shubbdk, pi. «Aa- 
bdbeek, window ; gridiron. 

CX^Jl^ mashabik, a press, vice ; 

•*Jbui - (Ja*i «/ti6/, lion's cub ; 
shihli^ species of cloth. 

^j^j^^j^ shebeen (Coptic), place, 

iuiyu - ^.ill ^j;:JJ^ Shebeen el-Kom, 

the capital of the Menoofiya pro- 
vince in Lower Egypt. 

^Lm^ or 3ik^ shibhj or inoshdbaha, 

di}^^ or dJiZ shabaha^ or shabaha, 
it resembled. 

juutj yishbih, it resembles. 

au^ shabbaha, he likened to, com- 
pared to. 

J^Ll« or duxi shabeeh, or moshdbih, 
like, similar. 

>\4>>4l . ^}JL shubha, pi. shubulidt, 
dou\)t, s\]LR^\vi\o\i. \s--\) 


( 137 ) 


hasara shubhatoh, he 

^ julil ishtahaha Ji, he doubted, 

jjbuLil ishtibdh, doubt, suspicion. 

IxiL^ mushtabih, suspicious or 
obscure (affair). 

v:^^»M shatt, dispersion, separation. 

d.^tt. shattata, he dispersed. 

^jii - i,::,>^u*> shateetj pi. shatta, 

diverse, sundry. 


^^^^ tl/jl^ havHtdis shatta, mis- 
cellaneous news. 

ijx^ shall J a plant. 

JLt shatama, he insulted. 

JL^ shatm, an insulting. 

^JU^ .iuol^ shateema, 'pl, shatdifim, 

an insult. 
^yl*i»l or ^y*i shotoom, or ashtoom, 

gap, entrance between the sea 
and a lagoon. 

^Jlt - >lli «/M7a, pi. shotiy, winter ; 
rain, rainy season. 

^^^Lt shitiwiy, wintry, winter crop. 


^JL^ shatta (colloquial), it rained. 

^ shajja, he wounded, fractured, 
split open. 

.lac^l ^jsA shajar (vulgarly pro- 
nounced sagar), pi. ash jar, tree. 

ijs^ shajar a {sagara), a tree. 

s^ shajjara {saggara), he grafted. 

9^UJ or ^'J^ «Aa/ara, or iashd- 
^'ara, he quarrelled, had a ''row*' 

S^Umo moshdjara, quarrel, brawl, 

iclac^ shajda^a, courage, bravery. 

j^ shajjara, he encouraged. 

cU:**' - ^lae^ or •^oe**' shajeea*, or 
shajda*, pi. shijda', brave. 

• A 

or e:„.%s«^ shalmta, or shahada, 
he begged for alms. 

Sla*** shihdta, mendicity ; a man's 

cl^Uk*^ shahhdt, street-beggar. 

j^ya^ - A*^ shahm, pi. shohoom, 

grease, tallow, fat; pulp. 

dJ^-a:^ shaheem, fat, plump. 

^^^oc^ shahana, he loaded, put in 

iiaA - jj«^ or shakn, or shohna, 
cargo, load, burthen. 

^yac**^ mash'hoon, laden. 

vsjUjac***^ mash'hoondt, cargo. 

v*^U*ae^' jJLi sanad el - wa«/t- 
hoondt, bill of lading. 

^W*' or Sia^ shahna, or shihdn, 
a quarrelling. 

^^li shdhana, he quarrelled with, 

^ shakhhh^i, he relieved nature. 
^lac^ shikhdJth, focces, urine. 


IscCcx^ shukh'shaikha, skylight 
for lighting the central court 
or well of stairs in a house. 

( 138 ) 


^ « 

shahhsdn, personally. [Ulj 
shakhsiy, personal^ indi- 

shaJchsiya, individuality, 
identity ; medical diagnosis. 

Lji ^ -T^ J'>^' ahwdl shakhsiya, 
" Statut 'personnel/^ Moslem law 
of marriage^ successions, &c. 

I^lae^' m^j wada* ashhhas, imper- 

shakhkhasa, he identified, 
personated, attributed to a 
particular person, acted (on the 

tashklieeSf identification ; 

ahakhatajhe repelled, expelled 
in anger. 

1 8hadda,he tightoned,intensified. 
dS^Mt shadilada, he intensified, 

iXjL^I ishfadda, he or it became 
intense, firm, tight, vehement. 

iSJii shidda, tightness, severity, 

juj>J>..»t shadeed, intense, tight, 


jJlil ashadd, more intense, tighter, 

6jS^ tashdeed, intensification : 
reduplication of a letter ; the 
mark « over a letter. 

J^jLi shadoof, lever and bucket 
apparatus for raising water for 

Ax*^ s^adddf, tbo man who works 
^Ae sAddoof, 

^yj^ shidq, jowl, corner of mouth. 

^Ujyi shidiydq, (Syrian) priest. 

ciAJJti shazrdt, sparkling atoms 
of ore, scattered beads, mis^ 

5^ or^ sharr, or shirra, rage, 

wickedness, enmity. 
jLiil - j}j^ shareer, pi. ashrdr, 

wicked, hostile. 
^1^ sharrdniy^ wicked, naughty. 

ij\/^ shardra, spark. 

sha-rra, it dripped, dribbled 

-jyi shurb, or shirh, a drinking. 

hji* shorba, a drink, draught, 
potion, sherbet. 

jLjpi^ shorba (Persian, chorba), 

hj^\ - 4->]/i» shardb, pi. aahribaj 
liquor, wine, syrup. 

}J^ shariba {shiriba), he drank j 
inhaled tobacco. 

-jyil ashraha, he made drink ; 
he accused. 

^j^y^ -u^jUi shdribj 'pl. shawdrib^ 
moustaches. [v 



mashrab, source, tempera- 
ment, disposition. 

ci^i|JL« mashroobdt, drinkables 

i-jjyl^ or hjM mishraba, or mush- 
rabiya, a corruption of mvsh 
rifiya, a projecting window. 


( 139 ) 



_ j.i sharalia, he cleft open, ox- 

Mt sharraha, he dissected ana- 

^^^I insharaha, (his heart) was 
dilated ; he was glad. 

^.li shdrih, pleasant, dilating 
(the heart) ; explaining, 

-.yi shark, explanation, commen- 

a^j^ sharhoh, used like our word 

'' ditto." 
^,j^ tashreeh, anatomy ; disseC' 


ij^j^ JLkc] a'amdl tashreeldya, 
anatomical operations. 

mosharrihf professor of 
anatomy, surgeon. 

>^ sharkha (Persian, chdrkh), 

CiJii shard, intense trying heat, 
with simoom. 

J^^t sharada, or sharata, he fled, 
ran away; especially of animals. 

\J^j^ shirsh, a bundle of vege- 

j^J^ sharshara, he reaped, cut 

Slt^ sharshara, scythe, sickle; 

jJ^^fif shar sheer, wild duck. 

cii]^ - ^^Ju^Jt sharshaf {]?eTs\s,n 
charshafj, with Arabic plural 
shardshif, bed-clothes, sheets. 

k^ sharata, he cut, slashed ; in- 
deutod contriKct. 

L. Ji « ^JH shart, pi. shoroot, a 

cutting, indenture of contract, 
contract, conditions. 
^1 ^j^ hi' shar t an, on condition 


• i^J^^J^ shartiya, a written con- 
tract, deed. 

iaJLi - ti>^ shared, pi. shardyit, 
string, tape, cord, braid, fac- 
inofs of soldiers' coats ; silk 
lace ; rail of railway. 

^jL^I or ^jJL shdrata, or ishtaraia, 
he made a contract, [s^ - vVac 

LjJi^l or« moshdrata, or 
ishtirdt, a mutual contract. 

k.^ sharrata, he made incision, 
scarified, bled. 

^jL^ mishrat, scalpel, lancet. 

^ Q j^ sharata fi, he began, 

L5* Wj^ shorooa^ fi, beginning, 

cj-t shara'a, he made a law. 

hoJ^ or G^m shara\ or shariya'a, 

Divine Moslem law, the Sheri, 
or SheriaL 

^A shara'ty, legal ; of Moslem 

ff^ S-^^ ^^^^ shara^iy, legal 
medical science; i.e. medical 
ij^cJ* iUCac^ mahlcama shara^iya, 
Court of Moslem law, a sheri 


( 140 ) 

VCm4 a 


Qjm . cl^ 8hiraa\ pi. shoroa^ 

Si 1^ or iij^ or i-J^ sharaf, or 
shurfa, or sharaf a, honour, 
nobleness of character, nobility. 

i-ij^l or lyi . *— i^^ shareef, 
pi. shurafa, or ashrafy noble, 
aristocrat, descendant of the 
prophet ; honourable, honest. 

j^ \m^yu sharaf d-qamar, full- 
ness of moon. Tjj 

sharrafa, he ennobled, 
showed or did honour to. 

U>^ tashreefdt, court cere- 
monies, lev^s. 

^^ff 'ij>^^ tashreefdtji (Turkish), 
Lord Chamberlain, Master of 
the Ceremonies. 

uJ^JLS tasharrafa, he felt, or was, 

^jtt - «.J;<t I a^hraf (femin.) shurfa, 



i^l ashrafa, it was eminent, 

mushrif imminent, pro- 

ilij/L^ m^iishrifya, a projecting 
window, mushrahiya, \hoJL^ 

L^AmJI ^^^ ^f..M »o Ui 6ma m/iishrif 

*ala eS'Soqoot, edifice threaten- 
ing to fall. 

y^yi sharq, sunrise, the east. 

^j^ Sharqiy, 'Eastern; (Saracen.^) 

^^^' - ^l/^ Sharjiya, the eastern 
province of the DoltA, of which 
^a^dzeeq is the capital. 

yj^j^ shorooq, sunrise. 
r^ aharaqa, the sun rose. 
yjA\ ashraqa, the sun shone. 

yj]fii shardqiy, land exposed to 
the sun (without water) ; land 
not naturally watered by inun- 
dation of Nile, but requiring 
artificial irrigation. 

i5\j^ shirdqa, iemeAe slave or con- 
cubine given in marriage as a 
present by her master to one 
of his courtiers or dependents. 

^J^l ishrdq, kindling wood, small 
pieces of resinous wood. 

yjj^ mashriq, place of sunrise, 
the East. 

yjr^ sharraqa (colloquial), he 
went eastward, to Syria. 

vjjyt shirk, association, metayage 

or farming with share of profits; 

iiT-i or iij^ shirha, or sh^ka, or 

shardka, partnership, business, 
company, association. 

^^wAilt iSjit shirka et-taddmun, 
" Sodete en nom coUectif^* 

S4JbLft^ iij^ shirka mo^aA^ma, joint- 
stock Co.; '^ Societe anonyme.'* 

ix^JJ] iJjJii shirka et-tawsiya, 
" commandite,'* sleeping partner- 

(Jjj^ sharak, net, snare. 

^K-t . CJ^ r«^ shareek, pi. shurakd, 
partner, accomplice. 

I Ahmed wa shurakdh, 
A]bmed aivd Co.> Ahmed and 
liis paTtiifift^. 

99f*M • 


( 141 ) 

iiL^ shoraik (Turkish choorek), 
pastry, cake. 

CJ^l a8hraha,he took as partner; 
he accused (another) of being 
his accomplice. 

CJ^ltt or CJJjSit shdraka, or ishta- 

rafca, he went shares or partners, 
was an accomplice. 

\1J\J)J!L\ or iiJJL^ moahdraka, or 
ishtirdk, partnership, complicity. 

CJpJL^ or CJX^ moshdrik, or 

mushtarik, partner, accomplice. 

CJjM musbrik, idolater ; accuser. 

j^Jit sharama, he tore open, cut, 

A^j/t - Mj^ sharm, pi. shoroom, 

creek, inlet, gulf; a cleft; an 
opening in a coral-reef. [Vw.-Mci 

Ja«^ akarmata, he tore. 

)a^jJl^ mosharmat, torn. 

1qx«J^ . Ooy^jJit sharmoota, pi. 
shardmeet, rag, tatter; whore. 

hb\j^ shardha, gluttony, craving, 

^Ift^ sharhdn, glutton, lustful, 

Jl^^ sharwdl (Persian, shalwdr), 

loose drawers or pyjamas, [J'j|/^ 
*^ shird, a buying, purchase. 
>Lt ^ «^ 66»ea* ti;a shird, selling 

and buying; trade. 
jC.Li shdri, purchaser. 

^cpJit] islitara, he bought. 

^JjJl^ mt/«/i/flr/,purchaser; planet 

^yJi^ mushtara, act of purchase ; 

^y^ - J^.j^ sharydn, pi. «/iara- 

yeen, artery, i^^^j^ 

^uLflut. shodaliya (colloquial), quar- 
relsome, rowdy fellows. 


^y^ . ia^ shatt, pi. shotoot, shore, 
bank, coast. 

f'^^yii - ^tJo\jit shdti, pi. shawdti, 
shore, bank, coast. [ Ji»-Um 

t shatdba, he ran his pen 
through, crossed out, cancelled, 

shatb, a cancelling, crossing 

^^ shataha, he wandered as 


.^L#t ^JbJ^ shatr, pi. shotoor, half, 

part, side. 
S J^ shatdra, cleverness, skill. 

.lk#t . JbLt slidtir, pi. shottdr, 
clever, cunning. 

JJsxt shatranj (Persian), game of 

ii^ shutfa, flint of flint-lock 

^jJ^^J^ - ^'Ja-jJ^ shaitdn, pi. «Aa- 
ydteen, Satan, devil; a cunning, 
deep rogue. 

illa»t shaziya, tibia, large bone of 

cU*t sho*da\ pi. shVda\ ray of 
light; bars or trellis over a 

( 142 ) 

lilt JUUt 

5jy«(i - s-.»w.t sha'b, pi. sho'-oob, 
people, tribe. 

. djjiit alio* aha, pi. 
8ho*ab, branch, bronchia:; sho'a- 
fciy, bronchial ; of bronchitis. 

^Uiut Sha^bdn, eighth month of 
Moslem year. [cf. ^JKK^ 

j^ ' jui sha'r, pi. sho'-oor, hair. 

ijfuL shia'ra, small hair, down. 

jMm\ ashaW, hairy, long haired on 
the head. 

^j^ shaWdniy^ hairy of body. 

^1^A<^ mashaWdniy, hairy,shaggy. 

^yU*i sha^drhj, official term for 
goats, sheep &c. ; animals with 
hair or wool. 

^^jlm sha'yecr, barley. 

hjif^ sha^yccriija, vermicelli. 

J^^mJI - ijJ<f^ sha^yccra, -pl.sha'dyir, 

religious rite. 
^U*tl - jfJit sliVar, pi. aslia'dr, 

knowledge ; poetry. 

^ UJi^il IjJb ^^Jm^ vr^ laita 
shikari hazd ed-dunyd H-men, 
would that I knew to whom 
this world (belongs) ! 

^j^ - ^li shd^yi'r, pi. sho^ard, 

ijj/*^ shiWa, Strius, Dog Star. 

jyfiit sho'-oor, intelligence, faculty 
of mind. 

JyfJi^] Jjiar* muklitall esh-sho^-oor, 
deranged in mind, insane. [JJl>. 
s/ia'ra, he knew, perceived. 


^1 St jM^^ U ma yashoW Hid an, 

he does not know except that; 
before he knew (where he was) 
it happened suddenly that. 

yutt asha'ra, he informed. 

.licil ishi'dr, an informing, in- 

yiiJ^) istashaWa, he inquired, it 
dawned upon him, he perceived. 

[cf. |M.£CUmI 

JmI^I or Jjv^ sha^Ia, or isUtaHa, 
it blazed, flamed. 

Jjutl asha'la, he lighted, sot on 

lU^ shea'la, torch. 

(J^Ll-Me - {J>.jtJL^ misha% pi. 
mashd'yil, torch, brazier. 

j^U*i sha'dncen, branches ; Palm 

.U*i shighdr, marriage by ' com- 
pensation,^' where two men 
exchange sisters or daughters 
in marriage. 

yt\j^ shdghir, camel pack-saddle. 

^jJ^ shaghartiya, attendants of 
a singer. 

V— ftw^M shaghaf, vehement passion 
of love. 

J'si^l - Ji-t shoghl, pi. ashghdl, 
work, labour. 

h^ykc jU«lt ashghdl o^moomiya, 
public works. 

l&\i* ^>3JU\ ashghdl shdqqa, penal 


iXid JUil 

( 113 ) 


jyjj J'Jr^l ashghdl daniya, vile, 
hard labour. 

ISU^ - J'vA^ shagh glial, pi. shagh- 
ghdla, labourer, navvy. 

Ji's^ shdghtl, engaged in, occupy- 

J..AJi shnghghala, he employed 
labour, caused to work. 

J.-;fJLtJ tashghcel, a giving or 
making work. 

Jjcltl ishtaghala, lie was busy, 

Jyw* mashghool, busy, occupied. 

J^^Lt s//a(//tt;oZ, main-sail; main- 

t«iLiii shaffdf, transparent. 

.litl ^yJL shifr, pi. ashfdr, edge, 

rim ; labia. 
laA^t shafata, he sipped. 

^Iaa^ s/w/d'a, right of intervention; 
pre-emption : {e,g, of neigh- 
bour's land if for sale, accor- 
ding to certain conditions). 

•fl^ tasliaffa'a, he mediated, inter- 

JyJli Shdfa'iy, Mahomed Idris 
Shdfaiy of Cairo, d. 820, a.d., 
founder of one of the four 
great Sunni schools of orthodox 
Islam. [iijJk^ - J^i^^ - '^i-W*-* 

«^*i shafeca', pre-emptor, who 
has a right to pre-emption. 

isiAJl shafaqa, compassion. {h\j 
r*i^ or ^JJ^ shafccq, or shafooq, 

»U^ - iii sJii/a, pi. shifdh, lip 
of mouth. 


shifdhdn, verbally, viva voce. 

zj]yAj^ - IL^ shafa, pi. shafawdf, 

^jLWuJjl esh'Shifatainy the two lips. 

s\aJI shifd, cure, convalescence. 

^Jl^ - ^Jui, aliafa, ho cured ; shofia, 
he was cured. 
flAWil istashfa, ho consulted a 
_a.JLjLmw« mustashfa, hospital. 

^-™ shaqqa, he split, caused pain. 


^^5^ - J^ shaqq, pi. shoqooq, 
split, crevice; pain, toil. 

AA^ shiqqa, piece, part; pain. 

^U-t - ii^ shoqqa, pi. shiqdq, 
piece, part, set of rooms or 
flat in a house ; note, memo. 

^isu^ . Jf:^A'^ shaqeeq, (femin.) 
shaqecqa, split in half; a full 
brother or sister by the same 

jjJlili shaqdyiq, anemone, peony. 

yj^sJL shiqdq, a split, quarrel. 

^'JiLil ishtiqdq, derivation, ety- 
^UJLil inahiqdq, schism, dissent. 

jf^^DU munshiqqy schismatic, dis- 
sU» sAajg, splitter; toilsome, penal. 

^U JU^I ashghdX shdqqa, penal 

-\ A 

. AJLl-^ mashaqqa, pi. via- 
shdqq, difficulty. 


m\ Ik 

( 144 ) 


shaqdaf, camel - litter^ 

JLil - «^ shoqra, redness of 

hair; ashqar, red haired, roan. 

iiu^ or iili^ shaqfa, or shaqeefa, 
bit, morsel ; coarse salt, nitre. 

^^IL^ shaqlaba, ho upset. [c^Jii^ 
^UlLt shaqlahdn, changeable. 

SjlLt or p\a^ shaqd, or shaqdwa, 
wickedness ; naughtiness ; (in 
Turkish) a joke, chaff. 

^Uiil - ,t<A^ shaqiyy pi. ashqiydy 
wretch, wicked, brigand, out- 

A-JuLA] y iu^^j..^ hardmiya wa 
ashqiyd, robbers, brigands, 

CJylt - vULt shekk, pi. shokook, 
doubt, suspicion. 

^^ix-^ bidoon sliekk, xxn- 
doubtedly, of course. 

' 1 A 


^ V^<^ shdkka fi, he doubted. 


CJti^ or ViLXA^ shdkik, or shdkk, 
he who doubts, hesitates. 

ij^ . dJLCt shukuk, on credit; 
fio^c/dn, for cash. 

yjJ^JL^ mashkook, doubted, doubt- 
ful (affair). 

^^ ahakooj (for Turkish chekij), 

i*5J or jCi shakara, or tashakkara, 
he thajikQdi, 

shukr, pi. shokooT^ 


j^ . ^^iLt shdkir, or shcikoor, 

iSylL^ shakshooka, coquette, loose 

Jl^l . (JC^ ^AaA^Z, pi. ashkdlj shape, 

form, figure, sort. [^j^J^ - c^ 

^Cycyo . K^ shekldn, formally, 
technically, on a point of law, 
(as apart from mawdoo^dn, on 
the merits of the case) ; " a 
la forme/* and not ^'au fond.'* 

^Ji^ shikeliy, quarrelsome, touchy. 

J^iL#^ shakkala, he fashioned, 
organised, composed. 

JjlCmJ iashkeel, composition, or- 

JiL»^ iaahakkala, it took form, 
was composed of. 

(JCL^I ishtakdla, it was ambi- 
(JCjm mushkilj difficult, complex. 
JK^ shikdl, foot-rope, tether. 
X^ shakama, he slapped, flipped. 

^00:^*-** shakmajia (for Turkish 
chekmeje), chest of drawers. 

^CiJ or i-CLtt or 1^ ahaka, or 
more commonly iahtaka, or 

tashakka, he complained. 


^CtXo - ^SlA-c or t^l-i «Aafct, or 

mushtaki, or mutashakki, com- 
plainant, plaintiff. 
Ll^ shikdya, complaint. 

^•^ . vJ^ 8ftafei/;a) pi. shakdmi, 


( 143 ) 


JJLi shalal, paralysis, withered 

uJiiJ, - Jli i^halldl, pi. shalldldf, 
Nile cataract or rapids. 

^xLt shalabi (for Turkish chclehi), 
a European or foreign gentle- 
man, refined, polite. 

v^ -^- shalata, the horse reared, 
bucked. [< 

-Jl^ shaldii, species of native 

lu, shalaha, he stripped. 

■ijl-Q^*' shalfata, he smudged out 
(fresh writing). 

CilJijll ahvlaik (for Turkish c/tt76 A;), 

JL^I or ^ shamma, or Uhtamma, 
he smelled at, sniffed. 

^ shammj a smelling, sense of 

^ijLM«i!l 1^ shamm en-nascenif ' sniff 
the breeze ; '' the Egyptian 
general spring holiday, which 
is celebrated on the Greek 
Easter Monday. 

Jjktit shammdm, musk melon. 

i^^UUwl ahammdmdtf perfumes. 

JLaJI shamshama (colloquial), he 
sniffed, smelled at. 

shambar, circle, flange, ridge 

shamata, he rejoiced at 
another's misfortune. 

^4Jl shaniakha (vulgar)^ he sniffed 
• a pungent odour. 

^y^ shomool'h, height, haughti- 
^[^ shdmikh, lofty, haughty. 

jaJ^ shumar, fennel. 

•L4wt shamdr, porter's knot, 
shoulder cord. 

jaJu shammara, ho girded up his 

loins ; set about. 
f.^^ - 7-5/*^ ahamroohh, pi. 

shamdrcel'hj long slender staff, 
stalk of bunch of dates. 

\^y^ * L/*^ shams, pi. sliomooB 
(femin.), sun. 

^Myui^t shamsiy, solar; certain 
letters of the alphabet. 



t shamsiya, parasol, umbrella, 
ILt shammds, acolyte, deacon. 

ij^SjSJ tashdmmasaf ho got sun- 

^jMjkM moshammas, ill with sun- 

i^oAJit or Sb^Am ahamata (Turkish), 
noise, uproar. 

c^4j^ . «4^ shama^ pi. shomooa^, 

wax ; candle. 

QUJit ahammda', candlestick ; pegs 
for clothes or hats. 

^liX-juA^^ shama'ddn (Persian), 

maJL^ moshamma*, waxed ; oil 
cloth, waterproof. 

Jyi4i*i Shama'ool, Samuel. 
{^y^Jt shaml, the whole, reunion. 

( 146 ) 


jJlc J.4jL11 or {Jj^ shamala, or 
uhtamala a'la, it included. 

^Jlc l^*jL1^ or J^lii shdmU, or 
musliiamil a'Uiy inclusive, in- 

4^ iJ^4JL« mashmool bi, including, 

Jl>«Jt. shimdl (femin.) left hand 

side ; north. Ij**^, 

/jUJtr ahimaliy, northern. 

IjSXam* shamandora (Turkish) , 
buoy, beacon. 

shimya, scouring of a stream, 
whirlpool. [i«lj4> 

shannaj he sniffed. 

shanab, upper lip, mous- 
tache. [v--^l^ 

^LuJLl shinti'ydn (Turkish chinti- 
y an), Yf omen' & loose pantaloons. 

flal*t or JuULt shanta (Turkish 
chantajy bag, valise, knapsack. 

Jul shanaj, colic, gripes, convul- 



JLiJ tashannaja, he was in con- 

I<lbAjL^> shineesha, hole in the wall. 
«juLt shaneca'j infamous, heinous. 

2c\JLl shanda'aj infamy, depravity. 

^aS - i^ik k1 shanecfy large coarse 
net for carrying iibn or straw 
on donkeys or camels. 

cftjut shannafa, he amused or in- 
terested. by talk. 

^^^14*^ sAanaqa, be banged (a mur- 
dererj. [Sco jic - jii- 

lilli JjkJ jafi shanqdny death by 

IaJL^ mashnaqa, gallows, place of 

JiuLi shauJcal (Turkish chengd), 

v-jjlfl skill dh, brilliancy, ardour, 

zeal ; meteor. 
C,,.^|m>I ash-hab, brilliant, whitish, 


tXfl shahida, he gave evidence, 

jJtLl shdhadciy he saw, witnessed, 

i^ftl or dfUL^I istash-hada, or 

asli'haday he called witnesses 

to prove. 

Jjl^ shahdda, evidence, written 
or oral ; certificate. 

4>^fl -. Slb^Jit shdhid, pi. shohood, a 

jjjjJl jJbLt shdhid el-ain, an eye- 

.•: 43Jtlfi» shdhid zoor, a false wit- 
ness, perjurer. 

..: Sj'-ft shahdda zoor, false evi- 
dence, perjury. 

^j^ - tyj^ shaliced, pi. shohadd, 
witness for the faith, martyr, 
Moslem soldier killed in battle. 

,^JL shoohida (passive oishdhdda), 
he was seen, detected. 

(X^^ mash'had, funeral procession, 
shrine ; publicity. 

jXiS ^U- 4^fiw4.^ bi'Viash'had khalq 
lvatecT,ml\iO -^Te^enco of many 


( 147 ) 

ijo Y**' 

ijJblJL« moshiihada, a seeing^ in- 

Jlj^ shahcldnij, hemp. [^^^-vluf 

^^1 or .^ -^/^ ithahr, pi. shohoor, 
or ash-hur, month. 

J^ - ij^ shohra, fame, notoriety; 
shaheer, famous. 

^^fil or^^ shahharay or ash-hara, 
he made public ; unsheathed 
(a sword). 

iyt^jL^ mosluih a ra ,amiikii\g public. 

^j^Sb[ii^ - jy^M mash'hoor, pi. 
rnashdherr, famous. 

j^\ ish-har, publication, declara- 

^JLf^ shahcc(]y grunt, hiccup, sob. 

cj4^ - lW*' *'»^/'^^rt (for sahhala), 
he facilitated, carried off. 

i«l^ - >ft shah cm, wise; shah dm a, 
wisdom, valour. 

^jLju'*-f»i» fihahdmctlu (Turkisli), 
valorous, roynl. 

^^fl#i»I or '^ shah a, or t hi ah a, he 
longed for. 

^l^iil imhiihdy appetite, a longing. 

^ shah i I/, eager. , 

Stfi^ shahwOf carnal lust. 

^Sl^4^ shahu'dnifj, sensual. ; 

^^^x^M^ mvshtaha, desired, appotis- . 

I ,ijy^ fdHhweeshy a throwing into 

j:^\ ^cjy^ shonra, pi. tashdmir, disorder ; syphilis. 

council, counsel. 

shrub called the Avicennia 

j^JL shdwara, he consulted with. 

S^yjL^ moshdwara, consultation. 

ijy^ mashtvara, consultation, de- 

.U.I ashdra, he pointed out, indi- 

i}j^] ishdra, indication, sign, ges- 
ture ; demoDstrativo pronoHn. 

&.»,U,I ishdraji, signaller, signal- 

Jc>)l ?.*!>« mush dm n ileihy a polite 

way of expressing ^ aforesjiid '^ 
when referring to high officials. 

jj<J^ viu sheer, leader, field mar- 
shal ; a Pasha of the highest 

.'Jtju*l istashdra, he asked advice. 

S.LillL*! istishdra, an asking advice. 

.l^ijuww* m««/as//rtr, he whose advice. 
is asked, councillor, adviser. 

fU^ mishwdr, errand, course, 

i^J^ shonsha, scalp lock, tuft. 
iji^y^ sh awash, diaovit^r, confusion. 
, Jlyi shawwasha, he disordered. 
, SiyS:*^ mushaivivash, disordered. 


^^jJ'yiJI ij^i;*^ shoora el-qawdutf}i, 
legislative council. 

! - 

shawwaia, he cooked up 

S^ s/wra, hnndkerchiet ; a desert \ cookeSi \x^ ^^Wvt. 


( 1 18 ) 


o'y-' - vjy^ slf^oq, pi. ashwdq, 

^y^ shawivaqay he excited desire. 

jfjyU iaahweeq, an inciting or ex- 

^^jL^I ishtdqa, he longed for. 
jbJ^I w;i%(ij, a longing for. 
Jjlll^ mtLshtdq, desirous^ eager. 
^^jJi shayyiq, desirous, eager. 
\JJ\y^] . i^y^ 8%^A;^ pi. mhwdk, 

pointy thorn, 
^t^ . iSy^ shoka, pi. shawdk, 

fork, spur ; power, royalty. 
yGi^yt> shevketlu (Turkish), imperial, 


^Jy^ ^^ teen shokiy, prickly 

pear, cactus fruit. 
ilJLlj^ . ^IJ^ shdka, it pricked, 

was pointed ; yashook, it pricks. 

Jyt. shavrwala, tho horse cocked 
its tail. 

CL>)Lt - J^v^ shdwaJ, pi. shawdldt 
(Persian), sack. 

JIyi Sliawwdl, tenth Moslem month. 

Jyt.1 ashwaly left-handed. 


shorn, a hard wood used for 

^j*i iilJ; zoqla shorn, a cudgel of 

hard wood. 
^ly^I or ^j^^^^ii - i)^^ shona, pi. 

sho-on, or ashwdn (Coptic), 
storehouse, warehouse, bam. 

^ " e^"^ shO'On, pi. of «/id?i, 
affairs, things. 

«yiJ - «^-#i shawah, deformity, 
tashawwaha, it was deformed. 

,^•^1 or j^yi shawa, or ashwa, he 
grilled, roasted. 

^JL^ mashwi, grilled (meat, fish, 

>'^ . ^^ shaif thing, (see shad) • 

^_-^*- shaib, grey hair. 

C^^OimI or v_.-'^- shdyib, or ashy ah, 
old, grey-haired. 

c^l^ shdba, he grew old ; 
yasheeh, he grows old. 

•ly!» - ijJLi 8hdyiba,]A. shawdyib, 
petty vices or defects. 

«Aee^ (Persian), calico, 
^j^ sheeh, fragrant desert plant, 

oLiL* or ^yi^ - ^^ shaikh, pi. 

shoyookh or mashdyikh, chief of 
tribe, elder, senior ; a term of 

ijJuJI igj^ shaikh el-belcd, the head 

of the village, tho officially 
recognised chief of a village. 

^^.11 ^^ Shaikh el-Isldm, the 

highest ecclesiastical dignity 
in Turkey; a Moslem Primate. 

hk9^^M* shaikhookhiya, old age, 
office of shaikh, 

i>-'ji*t sheydkha, shaikhdom, office 
of shaikh, 

^gj^j - ^^J^ shdkha, he grew vene- 
rable •, i|asliee\vl\,\i^ ^TO'wa vene- 


A . A 

( 149 ) 


^ji^ shcesh (Turkish), skewer, 
thin rod ; cross-lattico blind ; 
Venetian shutters. 

^iji#^xt shccsh-khdna (Turkish), 
needle-gun, breech-loader. 

JjjLj^t shccshna (Persian cheshna), 
sort, sample. 

Jl^jut ' sheesha (Persian) , bottle, 

cLj^l - ifiJ^ sheea'a, pi. ashy a^ a, 
sect, dissent; Persian sect; 


«^#ij - clt shuaa, it was spread 

abroad; yrt^Acea', it is spreading 

«^4^ shayya'ay he made public ; he 
■aw (a friend) depart; escorted 
a funeral ; sent, forwarded. 

v^uJtJ tashyeea^ a seeing a friend 
off; attendance at a funeral; a 
sending, forwarding. 

c,l^\ a/j/ia'a, he divulged, revealed. 

izl^ — J^ shdyia', pi. shda'a, 


aijJL^ shay la' a, a female animal in 
heat. [SJLc 

cUm« mushda', divulged, public; 
a rumour. 

JLi - Jl^ shayydl, porter, carrier 
(see shdia), 

A-j*i shaim, a being marked with 

a mole. 
^ - ifcj^ shccma, pi. shiam^ 

cbarjLcier, disposition. 

x«l^ shama, mole, beauty-spot. 
iJkJ^JL^ mashcema, placenta. 


^ Sdd. Value = 90. 

^yl-^ sdhoon (European), soap. 

jjML'Q mashana, soap-works. 

^jllc sabbdn, maker or seller of 

-p.L^ sdj, sheet iron, oven plates. 
'jL^ . ^Ic «a/ia, ho cried out 

(see siydh). 
jj^^ ^X^ sdra, it was, became ; 

yaseer, it becomes. 
ij^j-jL.^ sairoora, a becoming; 

change of state. 

jJ^^a^ maseer, fact, matter of fact; 

^c.L^ sdrif mast of ship or boat. 

«{Lo . cLo 8aa'a, ho wandered ; 

sdya', vagabond. 

cl^ j^Jf — cLc fiar/A (Turkish), 

right hand, sound, well, excel- 
lent; qirsh sdfjh, a full piastre. 

^»*i'xl J J c!\jo sdgh qol a///uwt (Turk- 
ish), the afjha, or chief of the 
right qol or wing of a batta- 
lion; senior captain,or adjutant 

kyo - c'wc saghd, he fashioned (see 



( 150 ) 

^yo . jjLtf Sana, he protected (see 
soii) . 

p^- jiL^ S(i]/ifjhy jeweller (see sofjh) . 

sabha, lie poured out. [v.-^ 

masahh, place of outpour; 
mould ; river-mouth. 

^Ivd - ^'^is^ - ^J^ sohh, or sohhiya, 

or sabdh, morning, 
v'^ ^atiVi, matutinal ; fresh (fish). 

-.^ib sabooh, morning drink. 

^^U-^ sabdh a, freshness, beauty. 

— -Uo-c misbdh, lamp. 

^K^ sabr, patience ; aloes. 

JJ-, — or ^w^ sdbir, or saboor, 

j.f.^ai tasalbara,hQ showed patience. 

y^ sabbara, ho embalmed. [laA^ 

S^XA^ - ^U^ «o6/ir, and sobbaird, 
cactus, prickly pear. 

j^l-^I - jAcI asboa\ pi. asdbcca, 
finger, toe. 

j^lc or cUc 8obda\ or sdbia' (col- 
loquial), finger, toe. 

-^L© or ^Iju? sabaHijy coarse 
reeds or rushes for mats. 

^ sabafjha, he dyed, soaked, 

cU^ - cU^ sibdfjhy dye ; sabbdgh, 

iiA-tf sibgha, a dyeing; baptism. 

JiftX^^ hiaabagha, dyer's yard or 

Liuitf 5a6(i (femin.), zephyr. 



^^^ sabiy, pi. sohidu, lad, 

IjIa^ - iJ<^ sabiya, pi. sahdyd, girl. 

^ sahha, it was right, proper, 

^-flj S Za yasahh, it is improper, 


<X-»^ sihha, health ; soundness, 
sanitation ; accuracy, validity. 

CAJLae^ sihhatak (usually pro- 
nounced sahhiialc), thy health. 

<)L.>»< ^ 4>-g JL^-^ silihat 'onioomiya, 
public health. 

Vi-^ sihhiy, sanitary. 

^As^ sahcch, true, accurate, valid. 

^j^*^ - ^:s^ sahhaha, ho rectified, 

tas-hct'h, rectification. 

--Is^' as-lidh, chapter of Bible. 

iUae-^ sohba, socicty, friendship; 

^'.2s^' - Ci^.^%s»-'.w^ sdliib, pi. as'hdb, 
possessor, master, friend, com- 

C^^sc^-^' or L.^n:s*3^' istahaba, or 
isfas-habayho accompanied, took 
as companion. [li. 

- f'^jss^ sahrd, pi. sahdri, 
desert, Sahara. 

salmfny he drew back, made 
room for. 




pi. sahdyify or ifo/io/", leaf, page 
of book. 

P^^fl^kJl d-nntS'hafy the Koran. 

^^«^ - ^;=^ ^'a/i^i, jil. soltoon, 
metal dish ; dish. Lyt^ 

%^\x^ ij"^ sail a e\-3am\a\ ^owTt- 


( 151 ) 



or la^ Slid, he woke up. [laaj 
or jsc-^ sahhay or as-ha, he 

awoke another. 

ffdlivj, sobriety, clearness of 

^^'.-^ siilii, awake, sober, alert. 

(n^^^ck^ salihh, uproar, tumult. 

ija^ saldira, rock ; sacred rock 
of Jerusalem. 

4>tXi0 sadady design, aim, object. 
^SjXa - S}S^ sadeedj pus ; sadce- 
diy, purulent. 

— \X^ sadd, rust ; sadi, 


» <i 

mosadda, rusty, rusted. 
^jS^ sida, or sada, echo. 

^^iX^ tasadda, he undertook, took 

.iX^ sadara, it issued. 

•^43s^ sodoor, issue, source, emis- 
ij\s^ fia(?ara,source; pre-eminence. 

.jUo sddir, issuing, outgoing ; 

.•iX^ - jS^ sndr, pi. sodoor, chest 

of human body ; source ; seat 
of honour. 

Ja-cl jSjo sadr aa'zam, highest, 

noblest source of power ; the 
Grand Vizier. 

.i>^! asdara, he made issue, pro- 
mulgated, exported. 

.tXtfi^ masdar, place of origin; 

infinitive mood. 
4^ j>Jb^ sodairiy, waistcoat, bodice. 

altX^ 8odda% headache. 

cj^ sudghy temple of the head; 

s^Xa sad of, oyster-shell, mother- 

iiXc sodfay chance, coincidence. 

XjJ^'j bis'Sodfa, by chance. 

u-ijL^ or (^4>Ld sddafa, or tasd^ 
dafa, it chanced (mutually), he 
met by chance. 

is\i^ or ^Sjo ffldq, or saddqa, 
truth, sincerity. 

}Ss^ sadaqa, charity. 

jfj>J^ or yjd\^ sddlq, or sadeeq, 
true, sincere. 

^JXa saddaqa, he believed, ap- 
proved, held to be true. 

jfjiX-flJ tasdeeq, belief. 

^Js, ^dla addaqa 'ala, he corro- 

Js^ tasaddaqa, it came true, was 

x«4)L^u or ^«tV^ sadmay or mo^et- 
dama, shock, collision. 

aJUoJ or A(>1^ sddama, or tasddama, 

it collided, 
.y^ - 5^ sorra, pi. sorar, bag of 

money, purse. 

jyr^^ masrooTy folded up in a bag 
or bundle. 

.Itc - jij^ snreer, creak, squeak, 
sarrdr, cricket, cicada. 

Jj^] - t^I asarra, he persisted, 
iVrar, persistence. 


( 152 ) 

^yo saroha, it was clear, evident. 

i^j^ sardha, clearness j explana- 

X^Lc sardhatdn, clearly. 
,L« sarah, pure, clear; freedom. 

^>jc sareeh, clear, evident, cate- 

sarraha, he explained ; 
licensed ; allowed. 

V j^) tasreeh, explanation ; per- 
mission, licence, diploma, pass- 

^t«fl^ mosarrah, permitted; licen- 
^j^ aarakha, he cried out. L^^^ 

o^ or ^If^ sorahh, or sareehlh 
cry, scream. 

•..L^ sdrookh, wailing spirit, 

ghost of a murdered man ; 

o ,1*^ sawdreehhj fireworks. 

^j^ sarsar, cricket, cicada. [J^ 

\sj^ . \s\yO airdt, pi. sorot, path, 
road to Heaven. 

e.l© - Gj/o sara'tty he flung down; 
sdra^a, he wrestled. 

f^j-'^-^ - P;-* «^^<*'i epilepsy; 

masrooa', epileptic. 
Xc.Ua* mosdra^af a wrestling. 
cj^-a« misrda', valve, flap, shutter. 

uJj^ sarafa, ho spent, changed 
money ; turned (a thing) aside. 

.^JsJ}) u,J^ aarafa en-nazar ^an, 

SjXx^ or i^.lxc - 

he disregarded, abandoned, dis- 
pensed with. 

sarf, turn, outlay, change of 

money; discharge or drainage; 

^ ^ ^j^ sarf wa nahw, accidence 

and syntax, 
u-i^-c sirf, sheer, mere, utter; 

pure, unalloyed. 

aarrafa, he inflected, &c. (in 
grammar) . 

fij^ tasrcef, accidence, gram- 
matical exercise in inflections, 
conjugations, &c. 

\^y^ sarrdf, 

pi. saydrify or aaydrifay cashier, 
paymaster, accountant ; pro- 
vincial receiver of taxes; street 

ij^ji^ sairafiya, duty or office of 
a sarrdf. 

tasarrafa, he enjoyed as 

master, ruled, disposed of pro- 
perty, dispensed. 

iJSy^ tasarrufdt, rights of enjoy- 
ment of property or of its 

mutaaarrif^ possessor ; 

ruler; in Turkey, governor of 
a second-rate province under 
a Vali or governor general ; 
(in grammar) relating to in- 
iy^\ insarafa, it was spent ; he 

departed, was absent. 
I uJiyl^^ or y^J^^yd^ - ^^j^A^ 


•*• » 

ISj^cx^ u^ ilia« ( 153 ) 



roofy pi. masroofdt, or masdreef, 
spent ; outlay, expenses, costs, 

Joj^^A^ masd reef munsarafa, 
expenses incurred. 

masraf, outlay ; drainage 

iS^jo . ^j^ airm, shape, shoe ; 

saramdtiy, shoe-maker. 
JuJo^^ . Cy^ln.^ (satab) mastaha, 

dais, platform, bench. 

aa^oha, it was difficult, «a'6, 

Lyi«o so'ooha, difficulty. 

^^L Cy^>^> yasa'b a'laya, it is 
difficult, hard for me. 

masdy^ib, difficulties. 
sa'ida, he ascended. 
4>yu0 so'ood, ascent, the Ascension. 

4VcLe«dy't(i, ascendant; henceforth. 

iXcU© ^ ai^' cr* ^^^ al-adn wa 
sdyHd, from now and in future, 

ijoiutf Sa^eed, Upper Egypt, to the 
South of Cairo. 

^<JJA^ Sa'eediy, a native of Upper 

JJlcX^ sd'yiqa, thunderbolt, cala- 

CJJLk^ «o7oofr, beggar, a ''calendar" 

in the Arabian Nights' Enter- 
^iJL^ - jioc sitjhar, or soghrdn, 

smallncss, infancy, youth. 

jJuc - jJ^ sagheer {soghayir), pi. 
sighdr, small, young. 

,^j^ - jf*^\ asgliar, (femin.) 
soghra, smaller. 

^^juoLmI istasghara, he made little 
of, depreciated. 

^^^mI or U* sagha, or asghd, ho 
listened, paid attention. 

^La-^I isghd, a listening, atten- 
tion to. 


V— y^ - i-ic «a^, pi. sofoof, row ; 
rank of troops. 

isL^ 8offa, shelf, mantelpiece. 

Jlc safaha, he made fiat; par- 

'o^ « JL« safah, pi. ^i/aA, a 

flat surface, 
^ji^ safeeh, tin in sheets. 

J'i^ . iscviuc safeeha, pi. safdyih, 
tin plate, tin box ; can. 

Juc saffaha, he clapped hands, 

applauded. [jf^ 

^AA^ tasfeeh, a clapping, applause. 

^^i^ Safar, the second Moslem 

.ILdI -^i^ slfr, pi. aafdr, cypher, 


>!^ic - ?^i-^ «o/Va, yellowness, 

safrd, bile. 

*lijo - ^;i^l asfar, (femin.) safrd, 


II .UL« ^o/or esh-shams, 

yellowness of sun, just before 


( 15t ) 


^L^ saffara^f ho whistled. 

ijijc - JJcc sofdr, cry, whistle, 

saffdra, whistle (instrument). 
jji^«fl/t<tfr, sapphire; cry, whistle, 
s fi-^^^ sifsdf, willow. 

i^^'x^ safsata, verbosity, balder- 

ift^ saffaqa, he slapped, clapped, 

^jU^ «i/*tt(/, peritoneum. 

^^^ «^n, bag, scrotum. 

S»i-d or ^ft^ .sctfu;, or safway purity, 


^'^ «a/(i, purity, peace of mind; 
bliss, aestheticism, voluptuous- 
ness ; woman^s hair ornament. 

il^ ndfiy pure, clear. 

^flia^l xstafa, he chose ; was pure, 
became pure. 

jc^ »r?^W, he purified, filtered ; 
liquidated, or settled accounts. 

i^iiflj tasfya, liquidation ; filtra- 
SlLo* misfdfy filter. 

mustafa, chosen, pure ; a 
mans name. 

ibc^ — Siiuo sifa^ quality, attri- 
bute (see wafff). 

Jua saqr, hawk. 

^Jyffsua - iuic saqa^a, intense cold, 
frost; saqa^diij shivering. 

JJL© saqala, he polished, rubbed 

polished, gloBsy, 

^jy.^a^ or JoA^ saqccl or masqool, 

Li3ylo . ViLL^ ^aA;/:, pi. solcook, 
authentic document. 

L-jL^I . ^.^Jl^ 8olb, pi. asliib, 
loins, lumbar region, i. e. the 
solid part of the body. 

^^^V>^ 8olb, steel. [*^^y 

hha saldba, solidity. 

Cy^l.^ sallh, solid, firm, hard. 

^^aL^ salecb, thwart, cross-wise ; 

a cross. 
JujJl^ salccba. transverse dam or 

t^^^^LaJt Jjbl a/iZ rs'Salreb, crusader. 

)mA^ salboof, crucifix. 

j^jlLoJI iji4^^ joiica'a es-salboot, 
Good Friday. 

L..,^Jl^ . C^Ltf salb, crucifixion ; 

sallaha, he crucified. 
Juo saJolia, it was good, fit or 
good for. 

— Lo saldli, goodness, morality. 

h^^-l^ saldhiyah, fitness, validity. 
J)yc - y^a sdlih, pi. 8awdWi,good, 

fit; profit, one's advantage or 

^Lal li'sdlihihi, to his advantage. 
iiiiir* Jl^ sawdlih inulchtalifa, 

conflicting interests. 

JucI or J^ sallaha or aslalia, he 

rectified, repaired. 
— Icl - ^jJl-fl> taslcchy repairs ; isldh, 

J^^ sdlahuj he made peace with. 

Ji^ ^o//i, peace after war, recon- 


( 155 ) 


iaiV^^ mosdlaha, mutual recon- 

JUacl {sfulaha, ho mado peace 
with, adapted liimself to ; was 

f^j"^ — .Xla^I isfildh il jar illy com- 
mercial usage. 

V./'vUlflitfl uiUdhdf, adaptations, 
usages, teclmical terms. 

jLia« mosUhy reformer, corrective ; 
lience, salt as a corrective of 
food. [ JL« 

Jl-a< - jcs^-^^ ma si ah a, ])1. nnrnd- 
lih, attention to one^s interests, 
transaction of bu.'-iness ; a pub- 
lic department or administra- 

«Ltfl . «Ld sala\ baldness ; aula', 

KZj]^ - il^ aaldf, pi. nalawdf, 

*;^lfi ^^^ — ^Ji-^ salla, lie prayed ; 
salla a'lcili, he prayed for him. 

jJL. ^ dulc adJl Jl^ /ja//a Allu/i a'hik 
wa sallanij May God bluss him 
(Mahomet) and grant him peace. 

^^Lc a written (not pronounced) ab- 
brevuition of the above ])hrase. 

A.4w^ fiiinihiaum, he determined, 

^i-M«<aJ taamrcniy determination. 

^i-Ms^ samcfitt, interior, heart, pith. 

j,A^ - J.A^ shudiii, valve ; sammn., 

l>c\ asamm, deaf. 

samata, ho kept silent. 

samrrf^ crisp biscuit in 

mas maty cook-shop. 

. I 


^^'m^ simdkhy cavity of ear. [^'"^^^ 
iV4k-^ saviady eternal, God. 

Ia^^ or hut^^ soma^a, fellaheen's 
grain chest, bin, or recess in 

^^ savujhy gum arabic. 

il*AiC sauioohiy rivet, nut of screw. 
^•>k^ saniooll, sol-iiers' bread 1 

yJLo stuiohar, cone, fir, ])iue-tree. 

Ju?l - Jl^ samtj, deafness; asnaj, 

'i}j[Lo - ^)*^'J^ sa)n7tfnfj, pi. Aand- 
(hrq, box, chest; safe, treasury, 
cash department. 

Jj'v'*^ - ^}sxc savthil, pi. sanddil, 
large boat, sandal wood. 

5,'Jum or Si.lJL^ slnndray fish-hook, 


kJL^ «A7??/, acacia, mimosa nilofira; 
I acanthus, wart. 

J^^'iaJL^ santdwiy, species of small 

»JL^ sana\iy he manufactured, 

made. Ll)^ - l^*? 

•lo sanna^a, he invented, fabri- 
cated, trumped up. 

-JuflS tasfniva'a, he shammed, pre- 
tended to bo. 

Ji^i^l islana^ay it was artificiaL 

• ** t 

( 156 ) 



• •• 

1 istasna'a he ordered to be 

^JlLo - XcUL©, sanda'a, pi. $andya\ 
trade^ profession. [i»f^ — »l^ 

J^clLflll ^->li tl - Jjbl ahl eS'Sanda^a, 

pi. artdt ^«-«anaa^a, artisan^ 

iJ^\Xc ^UJ ta^dta sandaHaho, he 
exercised his trade. 

IclLoSl .ij rfar eS'sanda^a, work- 
shop, dockyard, arsenal. 

[See £L#J> tersana. 
^^Ito sandya'iy, artisan. 

^liL^ sanda^iy, artificial. 


«Juu or %^J^ tasneea^, or tasannoa^ 

artifice, intrigue. 
«jilaia« mostana*, artificial, false. 

j\fXc Sana^d, town of Sana in 

5U^I - i..ii^ sinf (savf)^ pi. 
asndf, species, sort, kind. 

JUc] asndf, goods of all sorts, 

ftJL« sannafa, he sorted ont, 
compiled a book. 


fiJLa« mosannif, aathor, compiler. 


SjaJL^ sanfara, emery paper. 

aUu^I - fXa sanam, pi. asndm, 
idol. [^^ 

JLo^ i)^j rajil mosannim, a pen- 
sive man, one wrapped up in 
his own ideas. 
i^ smo, nephew; part of a whole 5 

^pJ^ng, shoot; like to,fellow to. 

jy^] yLc sino el-moz, joung banana 


^lyi^ sinwdn, pi. of aino, also 

j^ sihr, son-in-law. 

i^L^^ mosdhara^ relationship by 

JjM - ffij^ sahreej (Turkish, 

sarnij), cistern. 

Jb>f0 . J^c sahala, it neighed ; 
saheel, a neigh. 

^ju^ sob, the side which is exposed 
to view; aim, object, direction. 
hy^ sdba, camel pack-saddle. 

C«^v^ sdyib, right, straight; proper 
thing to do. 

^\yc sawdb, rightness, accuracy, 

sobriety. * 

>lLd»^ t^l^ sawdb wa Mafd, the 
right and the wrong, corrigenda, 
errata of a book. 

^jUdl asdba, he hit the mark, 

h\^]i8dba,Sk successful hit,accuracy 
of aim ; a shooting, woundipg. 

j^jjJ) h\^] isdbat eZ-aVn, the ''evil 

.l> Jl *>Jl^ sdyiboh eU^iydr, wounded 
by a shot. 

' ' mosdb, he who is hit. 

moscehj he who hits, 
(w./JLa« . hj^^a^mo8eeba,^l,masdyib, 
blow, calamity. 

( 157 ) 

CD^^l - «j:j^ sot, pi. aswdt, voico ; 

\Zj\yc sawdt, a crying out. 

cl;1^ sawivata, he shouted. 

i^^y^ «o^an, buflfoon, vulgar fellow. 

^Ijul^ ^ jyc Soar wa Saidd, Tyro 

and Sidon. 

jyc - 8.^ soora, pi. sowar, form, 

manner, copy, picture, face, 

.^ sawivara, ho depicted, drew, 

.^^ tasawwara, he imagined, 
pictured to himself. 

^jl^ ^jjyAi taswecr, pi. tasdweer, 

^^4jJI tJ^-^ tafitveer esh'shams, 

photograph, photograj)hy. 

jyo< - jy^* f^^osaivxvir, artist, 
mosawwar, painted. 

^Ji^5-^^ '^osatcwardtiy (colloquial), 
artist, photographer. 

iycyc sawsawa, murmur, coo. 

c^ sofjh, form, similarity of form. 

ct^ or c'w^ sdgha, or sinvwagha, 

he fashioned, made jewellery. 

«^ - ^'^-^f^ «6>e{//<(?, pi. siaghf 
formula ; shape ; jewel. 

cLa^ or •j'w^ sdi/igh, or sayyagh, 

jeweller, goldsmith. 

'X^...^^ - c'^^a« masdgh, pi. mo^a- 

(//ui/, jewel, jewellery. 

i)yc\ - uJ^ «oof, pi. (uwafy 

wool ; woollen goods. 


^yc soofiy, (1) woollen; (2) (Greek, 

sopliia, wisdom), Soofi, Moslem 
mystic, theosophist, quietist. 

uJLoJ tasawwafa, he became a 

^y^ soofdn, tinder, touchwood. 

^]yc sol (Turkish), left side; lieu- 

^<**iUI ^}yc sol aghdsi (Turkish), 
quartermaster, lieutenant. 

Liy.^ sola, authority, influence^ 

violence ; rust. 
Ax^ or j^yc 8dm, or siydm, fast, a 

^^) . aI^ «ama, hekept fast, yo^oom, 

he fasts. 
JL* sdyim, he who fasts. 

A>Lw or ^^yc son, or siydna, a 
guarding ; chastity. 

uy^. - U^ sdna, he guarded, 
yasoon, he guards. 

iiy^^ - e^y^* '"^^^^^^^ guarded; 
masoona, chaste woman. 

ij\yc sawwdna, &int, granite,pebble. 

y^l*^l Aswan, Assouan or Syene, 

on the Nile, near the first 
cataract; a rocky place, granite 

^XiAii . ^Id . 7*^^ siydh, a shout, 

sdha, he shouted, yascch, he 
juLtf ^aiVZ, the chase, sport of any 
kind, fishing. 

( 158 ) 



o\l^ 8 ayydd, sportsman, fisherman. 

i>lIxot or j^x^J or S>^ sdda, or 

taaayyada, or istdda, he went 

out to shoot, fish, &c. 
Sj^Xd« misiada, trap, net, snare, 

.^ ^ >liXx^ Saida wa Soor, Si don 

and Tyre. 
iil^jLc saldla, science of pharmacy. 

/IjSjjl^ saidhiniy, pharmaceutical 

chemist. [, <^1;^1 

.1-^ - ij^ji^ sairooray change of 

state (sec sdra), 
cyo - ^^f^ seefjha, formula, jewel 

(see sotjh), 

i'o-^l - u- ftJ^ ««'/, pi- asidf, 

summer. [cf. v--a-x**# 

^ijL^ saify, summery, summer 

(J,>jil' v-^ftJ^ ^«»/ en-neel, a canal 

not dry in summer. 
%^J^ sayynfa, he prepared f<jr 

the summer crop ; he gleaned. 
^J^^ - ^^^ Sren, land of China ; 

Seeniy, Chinese. 

tJU^ - ^y^^^ sccniya, pi. smvdiii, 

large platter, tray. 
^'•J^ sccwdn, large reception tent. 

^i33l ^^yt^ sccwdn el-odouj outer 
shell of car, the concha or visible 
part of ear. 


(Sometimes Z). 
^^ Dhadh. Value = 800. 

2^ - 9'^^ dda'a, it was lost, mis- 
sing- (acQ (laiaO. 

j*_i^ - uJL^ f74/(fi, he was hospi- 
table (see daif). 

^v^ - jjJLi ddyin, pi. £7rt?i, sheep. 

-. . , . . ^^^^ 

^J'wi ^ Za//wi rftf ui, mutton. 

iJL^ JaZ/&, lizard. 

u->'jJl ij^ dahhat cUhdh. door-latch. 

ibbi dabdha, fog, mist. 

v^^N^ dahha, he seized, guarded. 

kxi zabata, ho seized, arrested ; 

recorded in writing. 
laJk^ ;:'//?yf, arrest, grip ; drawing up 

a report; organisation, police. 

kjufllt J'^^ rljdl cz-zaht, men of the 

\2}j • kxi r/f7>/ 7ra rahf, ^ a seizing 
and binding/^ public security, 

iju:ix^zaht!ya, police,police-statiou ; 
a policeman. 

tLxi - W^ zdhxf, pi. zohhdt, officer 
of army, navy or police. 

k>^*-^ - ikj'wi zdhltiu pi. zawdhiU 

rule, regulation. 
kxAJl inznhaia, he was arrested, it 

was recorded. 
k^juLo ma::hoot, arrested, recorded ; 

Lj',-a< « iisA-^ mdzhata, pi. mazdhit, 

police report, document; written 

iui!J! lojLi ^aac^ viahdar zaht el- 

tcdqiaa, police report or proces 

verbal " of a crime. 

^Ixi - *xi r7t/7>oV,pl. dibd'a (femin.)^ 

is-^ *f«3i<'i tumult, groan. 

( 159 ) 


s^ dajar, anguish, anxiety. 

i^^^' or »^ Jaja'a, or idtaja'a, 
lie lay down, reclined. 

^Ic \JJ<x^ J ah ilea a'la, he laughed 
ut, swindled. 

viA^L^ ddhaka, ho mimicked, 

kilsK^' ad-liahjy he made laugh. 

mod/iik, funny, ridiculous. 

or ^sf^ or >'.x^ (lahd, or (7<Jto, 
or fZt;//a, morning sun, forenoon. 


]JLJ] ititlrdr, annoyance, compul- 

« « ad-hdty pi. ad-huy 

sheep for sacrifice. 

^3! ^»j> yom el-adha, day of sacri- 
fices, feast of Korban Bairam, 
10th of Zil-IIijja. 

il«^ dahiya, victim, sheep for 

-1-^^ « ijL5»^Li ddh!i/a, pi. daxudlii, 
outlying districts. [cf. jy^'J 

^^ - ^s^ dalihm, pi. dil'hdm, 

gross, obese, bulky. 
ho^js^ dahhdma, corpulence, bulki- 

»SLi didd, vtrsuii, contrary, against. 

8 jLa< or 2'«flj tadddd, or modddda, 
mutual opposition, contrast. 

^j^l or^ darra, or adarra hi, 
he injured. 

.1^1 ^jyc darar, pi. adrdr, damage, 


j\j^] idrdv, a doing injury. 

«^l indana, he was injured. 

Jia^l idtarra, he felt injured ; 
was compelled. 


^JILaV tadarrara, he complained of 

injury. [^laJ 

8yj^ dnroora, urgent necessity, 
essential point; a call of nature. 

^^yi darooruj, essential, indis- 
pensable, urgent. 
L— >^vA* modirr hi, injurious. 

jL^ - 8p-a« madarra, pi. maddrr, 

^j-o darcer, injured (in sight), 

blind. [s— ixi^ 

^^ - 'ij.^ darra (or dorra), pi. 

dardyi'r, follow- wife ; udder of 
cow ; parrot. 

L-^^, - ^j^ daraba, he struck, 

assaulted ; multiplied (in arith- 
metic); struck coinage; imposed 
a tax ; played a musical instru- 
ment ; yadriba, he strikes, &c. 

^)j^ - S^;^ darh, pi. dorooh, blow, 
assault ; multiplication ; coin- 
age ; manner. 

.'JJl ^—^ darh cn-ndr, musketry fire. 
v--^'wi ddraha, he exchanged blows, 

^J^ or hLcL^ moddraba, or tadd" 
rub, conflict, row. 

yj^lxi! idtaraba, he felt beaten^ 

^]j^ - ^r^ rfareeta, pi. dardyih, 
tax; measure of 8 ardebsof rice. 

midrah, mallet ; weaver's 

{ 160 ) 

K^^j^ madroohf beaten, 
c^^^o^ modtai'ib, anxious. 
^j^ dareeh, tomb. 
^_^Li) - L/y^ dirs, pi. adrds, 

molar tooth, 
t^ darata, lie broke wind. 
a^yc - cj^ dara\ pi. dorooa\ udder, 


ic\^ darda^a, humility. 

c jLa« moddriu\ aorist or present 

wfij^ c7oy or rfoy, weakness ; dVf, 

the double. 
^U*^ - I— ftjw^ da^yeef, pL dofjtfdy 


^Ujci doa^dj pi. weak, poor, foot- 
men, infantry, not mounted 
Arab sheikhs, hence ^'zouaves/' 

il ada^fa, he weakened. 

icli or u-icil or i^ici da^a^fa, 
or ada^fay or dda^fa, he doubled. 

c^LaJ tadda^fa, it doubled itself. 

lA^Ldue modda^a, the double, a 

c^to^ modda^fy doubled. 

kiLi daghat, crush, squeeze ; op- 

^JLirfagf/iiMa, he bore malice, plot ted 

^^JLi - iJuiJLi dagheena, pi. rfa- 
ghdyiyi, malice, intrigue. 

ciSi^ dafda\ frog, toad. 

^^iu^ dafaray he plaited, tressed. 

yfU^ - 5fs<A^ dafeera, pi. dafdyir^ 
tress of hair. 

Jm^ c?aZ/a, he went astray, sinned. 
Jli rfa/ttZ, perdition, error. 


Jli c?aK, sinner, gone astray, 
lost sheep. 

IL0 dilla, error, loss. 

J^l or a^ . «L0 cZ/Za^ pi. dolooa^ 

or adloa\ rib. 

..jJLi dalcea', strong, well ribbed. 

^ dammay he collected, heaped 
up, added together; reaped a 

^ damm, addition. 

^Ai\ indamma, it was added up, 
collected, annexed. 

^ ^v*"^ - ^^^ damma, short 6 vowel 
sound ; madmoom, a letter 
marked with a damma ; added 
up, collected. [«i # 

J«^' or Jcc^ damhala or ui- 
mahalla, it faded away, he 
grew weak, poor. 

Sjkc damada, he poulticed, ban- 
JUm0 ^jJ^aJ> dameer, pi. damdyir, 

conscience ; secret thought ; 
j4^\ admara, he pondered, cogi- 
tated, plotted. 

jyjk^ domoor, atrophy, skinniness. 

X.Ia^ dammdra, female fortune- 

^^4^ dimn, the inside, contents. 
^4^ 10^ ^^^^ dimn inclusive, 
^juwo dimni'y, ViicVvxme*, tacit, or 


( 161 ) 



^uli^ tji^ shoroot dimniya, tacit 
conditions of a contract. 

4j-A.^ damina, he went bail, 
guaranteed. [j^; 

e;^ dammana, (the magistrate) 
accepted bail; (the accused) 
oflTered bail; he bailed out; 
he inserted, included. 

^ji^^ tadammana, it included, 

i^sA^ or ^U^ daman, or damdna, 
bail, guarantee. 

^U^ - ^^Ic ddmin, pi. dommdn, 
bailor, he who goes bail ; re- 

e ; J^'^^ ^(^nieen, a bailing out, 
letting out on bail. 

ci^sAxvoJ tadmeendt, damages in 
law, ^^dommages inter ets.'^ 

^^ni faddmun, mutual bail or 
solidarity in liability for debt, 
or costs. 

^^LflJUl ii]^ shirkat et-taAldmun, 
societe en nom collectif," solid- 
arity of partners. 

4^;^^^ madmoon, context, contents 
or tenour of a document ; the 
thing which is guaranteed. 

<uJ^ dandkn, narrowness, weak- 
ness, poverty. 

J^kil or tV^ dahada, or id tahad a, 
he persecuted. 

iS^lfl-o* modtahidy tyrannical, brutal. 
^Jfi dahiy, similar, like. 
^i^' dd/ia, he, it resembled. 

8La>Lfl_^ moddhdt, mutual resem- 

^^La« tnoddhi, similar, mutually 

^1^1 - j^ do (daw), pi. adwd, 
brilliancy, light. 

(^^r^l J^ do esh'shams, sunlight. 
*U-o did, brilliancy, light. 

ilil iddt, illumination, a giving 


^^ s^y^ ddiy, or modi, 
brilliant. " 

^^ or j^ daia', or dayda\ loss. 

j^A-fli . ^U rfaa'a, it was lost; 
yadeea', it is missing. 

^Ul or j^ dayya'a or a^aa', he 

wasted, spoilt, lost. 
jJU t/aya', lost, missing. 

^Ui . i«xi rfaya^a, pi. diyd'a, 
village ; lands. 

^•^yJ^ - *— *:f-^ daif, pi. rfoyoo/; 

SiU^ diydfa, hospitality. 
ftXflj « uJLi ddfa, he was hos- 
pitable ; was a guest ; yadeef, 
he is a guest. 

>Ua* or «— flXA« modeef, or m?a/a/; -. 
hospitable, host. 

?vit flrfa/a, he joined, annexed, 
added to. 

iila] iddfa, junction, grammatical 
relation ; conjunction. 

\ Te\a\)\OXL» 


( 1G2 ) 


UL^I iddfdt, minor details^ acces- 

>Li^ modaf, added^ annexed^ 

jf_j^ deeq, or daiq^ narrowness, 
poverty, discomfort. 

jfjui dayylqj narrow, strait, severe. 

j^jiu^ - lJiH' cidiaq, (femin.) deeqa, 

jfj^ « ^jL3 c?(ija, it was narrow ; 
yadceq, it is narrow. 

jfj^ dayyaqa, ho made narrow, 
constrained, compelled, showed 

sp-j>LflJ taddyaqa, he (mutually) 
annoyed, blocked up (a road), 

rfLo* « lsLX^madeeqa,p\,maddy{q, 
embarrassment, straits. 

\s Td. Value = 9. 

L^^okis - c-^lL ^a6a, he recovered 
health (see tayyib) . 

Lib idhay cork, stopper, ball. 

ylL tdi>oo (Turkish), title-deed. 

olb tdboor (Turkish), battalion; 
used in different words of com- 
mand, such as. Fall in ! Deploy ! 

Xjylla taboona, bakery, oven. 

ijj'i^ tdhia (Turkish), redoubt, fort. 

^ 'wis tdhay it was blown away 

{see fatTivaha). 

w w 

j^ - .lb tdra, (the bird) flew. (See 

i^Uo ^ara, round piece, circle, orna- 

d^LMlb . \r^^ ids, pi. tdsdt, cup, 
bowl. [^V 

c^ . jcclb tda'a, obedience (see 

j^b - LSLId ^^(^'^^ window ; endu- 
rance (see tdq). 

\j^^j^ tdwoos (Greek), peacock. 

f^ — iflJ'Jo /ay?ya, guild, crew (see 

^J^ - S-^ ^w?>6, medical science ; 
tvhhiy, medical. 

^\j^ u-i^ A:a«// tubUy, medical 
report, inquest. 

iu^ Sj'^ shahdda tvhbiya, medical 

>Ubl - L^^^^b tabeeb, pi. atibbd, 
physician. [a:5^ 

juJ.UL tabdsheei', chalk, crayon. 

i^[Jb or J^ tablch, or tabdkha, 

^^b tabakha, he cooked. 

^Ijkt tabbdhhy a cook, 
okk^ matbakh, kitchen. 

^jub or ^%^« matbookh, or tabeehh, 


^^^xIsaL tabtaha (colloquial), he 
tapped, patted. 

«aL taha'a, he printed, impressed. 

•Ab ^a6a', stamp, imprint, form, 


( 163 ) 


IsuukL taheca'a. natural character. 
•• • ' 

^juut taheeairjy natural, innate ; 


«^l^ - «;'!» tdhia, pi. tawabia\ 


•Jklail intabaa, it was printed. 

iiioL^ matba'a, printing-press. 

K2j\cyf^ . ^yl^ matbooa', pi. 

maiboocCdty printed ; (in pi.) 
prints, publications. 

j^ tibq, conformity, coincidence ; 

Jm^HI ^y!^ tibq cl'Osl, a true copy 
of the original. 

^yUU Ujkls tibqd7i Jil-qdnoon, con- 
formably to the law. 

^j'jklsl - iiuW or ^jjiL tabaq, or 
tabaqa, pi. athdq, layer, stratum, 
storey of house ; pincers ; dish, 
disk ; earthenware plate. 

JfjlL tdbiq, valve, lid. 

jpjkb tabaqa, it coincided, fitted, 
conformed to. 

jfiJio tabhaqa, ho made coincide or 
conform ; applied or adapted ; 
shod a horse. 

j^judw tatbecq, adaptation, applica- 

jfjllaJ or j^% idbaqa, or fafdbaqa, 

it coincided. 

^jkkil intabaqa, it was applicable, 
was made applicable. 

ibllo* « Jf?'-^* 'fnotdbiq, coinciding ; 
vtotdbaqa, a mutual conformity 
or applicability. 

J^ - Jji^ tably pi. tobool, drum. 

iuJukL or SIj^ labia, or tahliya, 
plate, platter ; drum of ear ; 
small table. 

^UL tabdn (Turkish, sole of foot) , 
tire of wheel. 


^^aL tabanja (Turkish), pistol, 

M • 

^^•.l Im^^j^^ hp^ tabanja bl- 

lihamsai arivdh, revolver with 
five souls, i,e, chambers. 

^^^It tdjin, small saucepan. 

J'^ tUidl, spleen. 

^js}^ tahana, he ground (corn, &c.) 

fj^^ taheen, flour, ground corn ; 

f^jj^]yb - ^jj!^^ tdhoon, pi. tawd- 
keen, mill. 

It tarra, ho snatched, pilfered. 

j]jio tarrdr, pickpocket, thief. 

jjb - Sjjs ^orra, pi. torar, tuft, 
edge, border. 

5^ Toora, a village near Cairo, 
site of the chief convict prison. 

Uaj> - Uo tard, ifc mischanced ; 

yatrd, it mischances, happens 

{j^^yc- UaS J ^1 ??i lam tatrd 
a'wdrid, if no accidents happen; 
if all goes well (convalescence). 

^oOUo trdbizoon (Greek), long 
desk, railing. 

^^^^1^ Tardholus, Tripoli of Syria. 

.yi! .»A)\jb Tardbohts cl-gharb, 

Tripoli West (iw. M^xa-A* . 


( 164 ) 


tariba, he felt emotion 

(especially the effect of music.) 

;jyJo tarab, emotion, delight ; 

taribf moved. 

^Jb\ atraba, he excited (pleasant) 
' emotion, by music or bong. 

*^ * ^ir motrib, musician, singer. 

hjia^ K2ji\ adldt motriba, musical 

yjtlJo^J^ - ^yjja tarboosh, pi. 
iardbeesh, red cap, fez« 

^JlKXjjSJh tardbeeshty, seller of tar- 

-yW taraha, he flung; put up to 
auction; subtracted (in arith- 

-^ tarh, a fling, glance ; subtrac- 
tion; pronunciation, an uttering. 

1^ tarha, woman's light veil. 

place, spot. 
^^jO tarkhoon, estragonj artemisia 

djo tarada, he drove off, repelled, 

i>^ Jd . i3^ tard, dismissal ; pi. 
torood, parcel, piece of baggage. 

JKi tatrddy repeller; breakwater; 
longitudinal dyke of canal. 

dj^xm) isiatrada, he pursued, 

t^lj^ iareedy repelled ; tracked, 

object of chase. 

^^ /arz, forwj style, shapc^ man- 

j^Jb tirdz, embroidery, fashion. 

^^1 - UV^ tarash, deafness ; 

atrash, deaf. 
[j^j^ tarasha (colloquial), he 

vomited. f-^v^ 

ij^io tartooray cone, conical cap; 


ii^Jo tartoofa^ apex, point; ground 

-jL-tp© tarteeTy lees, sediment.; 
tartar or deposit. 
ij^l - *— if^ tarafy pi. atrdf, 
side, edge, point, 
ilil atrdf y side issues, digres- 
sions, extremities. 

iijb - uJ;t tarfy glance, wink ; 
turfay novelty. 

p^jjh tarfdy genus tamarisk. 

^Jb taraqcby he knocked, struck. 

iSj^ tarqa, a blow ; once ; pay or 
hire for a job. 

Jijb - ^Jb tareeqy pi. toroqy road, 
way, method, 

SjJUi>-l ^Jg toroq ihtiydliya, frau- 
dulent means. 
iJhL - ^.J^ iareeqay pi. tardy iq, 
sect, mode of life, course. 

r.iyi Jjia* jcbel et'Tdriqy Tarik's 
mountain, Gibraltar. 

^h^ vUiraq, hammer. 

^J. Ax* a i'^ shdria' matrooqy beaten 

or {tec^weiited road. 

jj\Jb tttTa<i ^TvxtVa^ J Vo^^ T^^^La. 

** • I 

( 165 ) 


AJuAt - hSJb toronba (for Turkish 
iidumba), pump, fire-engine. 

SiojuSJio tronbaita (European, trum- 
pet), drum. 

y^ or ^c^\D taria, or taroa, it was 
fresh, moist. 

i^j^ tardwa, freshness, moistness, 

f^Jo tariy, fresh, moist, damp, 

tjTjlo tarra, he refreshed, seasoned. 

^11? tas8 (colloquial), downright; 
at one blow. 

cSi^mU or v,::^%mJ9 tist, or tUht, 
metal pan, tray, wash basin. 

5. Jo't tdtoora, " datura/' stramo- 
nium, a poison. 

^p«k ta'ima, he tasted, eat. [j^*^ 
A*«k - ^»j«i? ta'm, pi. to'oom, taste, 

^^ to'm, bait for fishing. 

I^^l . ^(^ fa^am, pi. atia'ma, 

viands, food. 

jgJLL ia'a'ma, he vaccinated ; 
budded, baited. 

^^f^ tata^eem, inoculation, vac- 
cination; a budding or grafting. 

ju>«^t ta'miya, bean-paste, meat- 
" ball. [Jili - l^^J 

^Jo tn'na, he stabbed, accused, 

JJ-JI ^ ^^ ^a'na JU-sinn, he was 

advanced in ago, very old. 
^It tda'oon, plague, pestilence. 1 
J^ tuTjfhrd (Turkish), the Sultan's \ 

cypher or sign-manual as seen 
on coins, public buildings, 
firmans, &c. 
^Jio or UL taghd, or taglda, it 

burst its bounds, was out- 
rageous, iniquitous. 

^^y^k or ^IajJ© tughiydn, or taghxca, 
revolt, iniquity. 

JUk - ijcUs fd(7/it, pi. toghdt, rebel, 

impious, tyrant. 
«— ftJJb tafeef, slight, trifling. 
JjSJ^ - i/ib tafasha, he ran 

away; tafshdn, fugitive. 

>^]b ^o^a, the fire went out. 

yib ^o/bo, extinction of flame or 

lik or VfttI a^(£, or taffd, he extin- 
guished ; slaked lime. 

\ilsjl intafd, the fire was extin- 

^^k* mo(^, extinguisher, he who 


Ij'^ftk^ mitfdya, instrument for ex- 

^Ut fi/afe, overflow, eruption on 
skin ; vomit. 

JUL) . JiL ^i/i, pi. atfdl, infant. 
"IaIj - iil^flt tofooUya, infancy; 

tifliy, infantile. 
JUk /a/(ii, clay. 

^bik tofailiy, fawner, cringer, 
lick-spittle ; parasite, parasitic 
(disease) . 


( 166 ) 


iftWiSo or iak tiujqa, or iaqtaqa, 
crack, cracking noise, cracking 
of knuckles in shampooing. 

^kil intaqqa, it cracked, burst. 
^^yiL - ^^yJik fag«, (Greek taxis), 

natural order or arrangement ; 
weather, temperature, atmo- 
sphere; pi. taqooSfTites, liturgy. 

a^-aJo . j^JsJb taqim, pi. toqoom 

(Turkish), set of tools, gear, 
accoutrements, apparatus; har- 

XjJJ or ^uaSo taqiya, cotton skull- 
cap worn under the turban. 

^Jr Ji?l or Jis talla ^ala, or ataJla 
^ala, it was higher than, and 
dominated in view, looked out on. 

^Ic Jix« ci^ULi shabhdk mot ill 'ala 
a window looking or giving 
out upon (a view). 

L-^lVi) or C^^ll^ tnlaba, or tatallaha. 
he asked, demanded. 

d^lAJb . <w^iV) ^a/oZ), pi. talabdt, 
request, demand. 

Jul^tf ^o/6a, (military) fatigue party. 

i^xXJio • L^^'vJo tdlib, pi. talaha, 
claimant, student. 

JJLji\ iJ'Jo tdlibat el-i'shdr, bitch 
in heat. 

L^Jlkil tntalaba, it was asked, 

L^Uo tdlaba, ho claimed repay- 
JiJllx^ motdlabaj claim for payment. 

S-^^ - C, J iac ffiatiab, pi. matd- 
^ problem, query. 

CL;lj^iL.« . <^JLla« mathob, pi. m((Y- 
loobdt, thing claimed, debt. 

^Ja:*^ or Jit tahha, acacia sei/dl. 

L^JlicI - i/-ii3 U?'«), ft//«s, smooth, 
satin ; atlas. 

^]U9 - ^t^gJllo til 8 am, pi. taldsim, 


•Uo tala'a, it rose, ascended, turned 
out, turned out well, succeeded, 

i( J f^' *^'^' /^3' S^ upstairs ! 
c^ toloo'o, ascent, appearance. 

^««u«JJl cJJs toloo'a es/rshams, sun- 
rise, [j/. 
«1L tala', poWen, pollen of male palm. 

JLb tdli'a, ascending, star in the 
ascendant, good fortune. 

«5)U9 taldy'a, skirmishers. 

«Jij0 ialla^a, he made ascend or 
appear, raised. 

C!JL<>>- JIL tallica hissah, raise your 
voice ! speak louder ! 

^Jb JicI or J'J? tdla'a, or ittala^a 
'ala, he studied, read. 


^Ic clLl ittild^a ^ala, study, peru- 
sal, [cf. SjJt 

iJlL« mofdla^a, study, attention, 

rlL talaqa, he delivered. 

lit ^a/^, parturition, discharge of 
a gun ; eloquence. 

^io - ^3^^ tQUic[^ divorce •, tdliq, 
\ divorced N^om^^ia.. 


( 107 ) 


diL tallaqa, he divorced. 

IaIL talaqa, discharge of gun, pull 
of trigger. 
sflW atlaqa, he drove out, fired a 
gun, generalised. 

^}i J^ ,ji^' (itlcL(l(^ '«V^^ ?iaWy, 
he fired a shot. 

jlW itldq, a driving out, firing a 
shot, generalisation, phrase- 

jlllsSI Ac a^Za l-itldq, in general, 

talL/o - ^j^mottaq, absolute; mot- 
laqdn, absolutely. 

jiSlk^ ?h^"' 8teZ^a moUaqa, discre- 
tionary power. 

ilftlk^ motaUaqa, a divorced woman. 

iuiL or hj^\s tulumba (Turkish), 

. * 

pump, fire-engine. 
Ab or jiL <a/a, or ^oZZa, he 

anointed, gilded; was soft 

phi tUd, varnish, gilding ; pitch. 
v^^ , ^U iams, impurity, menses. 

^-Jilo tammasa, he inked over, 

blotted out. 
J&UL tomdtum (European), tomato. 

m^^L tamia'a, he coveted ; iama\ 

^4kL tamn, tranquil. 
^uU ^l>«Jo tamdna mhioh, ho relied 

on it, rested from. 
iji\ f LLI itmdnna ileih, he relied 

on /^^ fifld confidence in. 

^UJULI itmeendn, confidence, trust, 

^^JUla« mctmayinn, confident, tran-* 

^^^ or UJb ^ama, (the river) over- 
/VaL tamiy, mud deposit left on 

fields after the subsidence of 
high Nile. 

^jjuJo taneeuy tinkle, ringing, [i^i 

L-jULl . ^.^Idj tonob, long rope ; 
itndh, prolixity. 

.^jLxL tanhoor, tambour, guitar. 

SySpL tanjara (Turkish), saucepan. 

Ajiojio tantana, noise, eclat, pomp. 

JU ^Ja^b tantana bihi, he sang his 

ij^jt . UalSo Tanta, a large native 

town in the middle of the Delta, 

capital of the province of Ghar^ 


^ lo - 4rfo Ta-ha, the two letters 
tay ha, the title of chapter xx, 
of the Koran ; used as a man's 
name like Ya-secn. 

i.l|L OTj^ tohr, or tahdra, purity ; 

JL tahhara, he purified, circum- 

ji^ tat'heer, purification, circum- 

JblL tdldr, pure. 

jcic^ ^j^So tahaqa ma'ho (colloquial), 
ho became disgusted with it. 



( 168 ) 


h^ Tooia, Cop tic month of January. 

^^ toob (for Turkish top), hall, 
cannon, artillery, 

ij^^y^ - I ^.)^ toohjij pi. toobjiya 
(Turkish topji), artilleryman. 

jjlflc;^ tooh'khdna (Turkish top- 
Jfhdna), artenal, artillery. 

^ It tawtvaha, he whirled, flung 

^Lk tdha, it was blown away, 

•'•bl - i%t tor, pi. a^ti;dr, manners, 

j]jb tawdr, area; circuit. 

jL»«L toaha, noise, fuss, trifle. 

1^ Je tawwasha, he castrated. 

jubtl*^ " l5^'^ tawdshi, pi. ^au;a- 
shiya, eunuch. 

e.b <au;^ obedient, willing. 

icclbl or ^IL ^aa^a, or itda'a, obe- 
cl^l a^aa'a, he obeyed. 

icy\^ motdwa^a, obedience. 

wAk« moteea\ obedient, obeying. 

a\!^motda\ person or law obeyed; 

cL^JumI istatda^a, he was able, 


ic'^LLwl istitda'a, capability. 
fC^d - kJ^^ dooghri (for Turkish 

doghroo) straight, upright, true, 


i^ tof, turn, tour, patrol ; raft. 

Ifr /^l/hj he patrolled, made a 


>p9 tawwafa, he patrolled, made 

Siip^ - uJI^^ tawwdf, pi. tawwdfa, 
patroUer ; a patrol ; chief of a 

^If^ toofdn, deluge. 

K^\^ - jJLfsL tdyifa, pi. tawdyif, 
guild, crew, corporation ; sex. 

,jl^l - j^ <Jg, pi. atwdq, collar, 

iJlW or iflL or jf^ ^Jgr, or tdqa, 
or itdqa, power, power of en- 
durance, capability. 

CL;|jll9 . ^% tdq, pi. tdqdt, arch, 
vault ; layer. 

iiLt tdqa, arched window, air- 
hole; a 'Apiece,'* or roll of cloth. 

Jl^l - J^ tool, pi. atwdl, length, 
height, longitude. 

J^JaJU or !l^ tooldn, or btt-tool, 

J^^ tawdl, duration, length of 

J^ tol, power, superiority. 

Jl^s - ck^ taweel, pi. tiwdl, long, 
tall ; metre in poetry. 

^^ - J^l afw?a/,(fem.)^a,longer, 

J^ . JlL <a/a, it was long, en- 
dured ; yatool, it is long. 

[a1% fdla-md, very often, for long 

J Jo tawwala, he lengthened, made 
long, was prolix, 

^Liill JILI a/o/a el'lisdn, he put 


( 1G9 ) 


^Jb J^IJaJ tatiiwala a'la, be was 
rude to, insulted. 

JUail intdla, it was lengthened, it 
stretched ; it reached, was ad- 

(Jj»JaI tatweel, prolongation. 

JJUo tdyil, profit. 

(JJJs ^^ ^Jlc aVa (/Aa/r ^tt^i2, in 

vain, without profit. 

2^1L tawla, table ; backgammon ; 
stable, trough, manger. 

2^Ux« motdwala, insult, oppression. 

(JjJbI«Mw« mostateel, oblong. 

iiLii^ tonaldta (European), ton 


^^ - ^^ taxva, he folded, rolled 
up ; yatwi, he folds. 

^Jo ^cwy, a fold, roll, enclosure. 

^JJ9 J^*M^ mursal taiyoh, sent (here- 
with), enclosed, 
i-j Jo tawiya, conscience, heart ; 

4^Jo ^aii;a, rolled, folded. 

^jj^ matwa, penknife ; folded, 

iji^^ matwa, penknife. 

VwA.j^k taijyib, good, excellent; well 
in health ; honest ; all right, 
very well. 

j«L - v^-^i^' atiah^ (femin.) tooba, 

tf'f.'h^ perfume. 

^*J^ tiydb, the pleasant north 
wind in Egypt. 

Cy»t^A> . t-^It /df/a, be recovered 

health; it was excellent; yatcch, 
he is doing well, recovers. 

(w^\jj0 tayyaba, ho ameliorated ; 

jj)o tair, flight, act of flyiug ; 

J^ or j^ - J^ ^ayiV, flying ; 
pi. toyoor, or tair, bird. 

^jJa> "J^ tdra, it flew; yateer, it 

.UL tayydr, volatile ; pedlar who 
"has no fixed shop. 

X.UJo tayydra, child's kite. 
h^jJ!^ or S^jJo /aira, or tairoora, 

inconstancy, lightness. 
jj]o teez, rump, buttocks. 
ijij^ taish, lightness ; a trifle. 

^^J^^ tdyish, silly, trifler. 

u-fijiL taif, ghost, spectre ; prism. 

^J^) - ^^ teen, pi. cUydn, earth, 
soil, land. 

^j^Uy atydn, lands, landed pro- 
perty, [^y 

ixj^ teena, earthy nature of man. 

iJUt • fj^^ tayydn, pi. tayydna, 

hodman, carrier of mud, mor- 
tar, &c. 



b Za. Value = 900. 


( 170 ) 


iiyjuj . iio^Jia zabdta (vulgarism 
for sabdta), cluster of fruit, 
dates, banauas. 

v«i^ - ^J^ z^'if, pi. zoroof^ en- 
velope ; saucer ; space of 
time ; preposition ; incidents 
or circumstances of an occur- 

^^1 c-ijt ^ fi zarf esh-shahr, 

in the course of the month. [^ 

ijk^] u-ij[^ zoroof et-tohma, cir- 
cumstances or details of a 

iiLt zai'dfa, elegance, delicacy, 

hj^ zareef, elegant^ refined. 

fyla< mazroof, envelope, port- 
^it zafira, he conquered. 

^^ik zafar, victory. 

^^fllxo mozaffavy made victorious 
(by God) ; a title of the Sultan. 

jilt) -^^ dofvy pi. addfivy nail of 
finger or toe; paw, talon, 
claw, hoof. [/'^^ 

S^t zafara, weakness of the 


JlitI - (Jt (Z/Z/, pi. ddlal, shade, 

M W 

Jila^ or Jix< modill, or modallil, 
shady, shaded. 

u-^lJI iftlk dalfat el-hdh, wing or 
fold of a door. 

^^ - J]^ zolntj tyranny ; zdlim, 

Jd? zalamay he tyrannised, de- 

^'Ix* . (.^ mazloom, pi. mai^a- 
Zeem, victimised, victim of 

^j^ JilaJ tazaUama min, he sought 
redress, complained of tyranny. 

^Ji? zolma, darkness, obscurity. 
Jio] azlama, it was dark. 

JlILo mozlim, dark, obscure, 

^lU^ zaldm, darkness, dark. 

^Ufe or -^^j^t zamia, or 2;amaa?^, 
thirsty, eager. 

JjlaJ ^ zanna, he thought ; 
yazonn, he thinks. 

^yfe - ^;b 2an?i, pi. zonoon, 
opinion, idea, thought. 

^Jio zdnn, thinker, thinking. 

^j^lt Ul and zdnin (colloquial for 
zdnn)y I am thinking, I think. 

^yJa« maznoon, thought of, prer- 
sumed, suspected. 

j^^ - ^^ zahara, it appeared, 

seemed ; yazhar, it seems. 

j^\ azhara, he showed. 

j^ zohoor, appearance, aspect; 

^It zdhir, apparent, visible, ex- 
terior ; it seems. 

cuK^ zohoordt, emergencies, un- 
foreseen ; provisional. 

j^ti^ mazhar, place of view, or of 


( 171 ) 


jy^ - j^ dahr, pi. dohoor, back 
of the body^ &c. ; menses. 

jl^ dihdr, a revolting form of 

.l|bl "j^ dohvy pi. adhdr, noon, 

j^\ dJc a'nd ed-dohvy at mid- day. 

j^yi t^jo ba'd ed-dohfy afternoon. 

Aij^ dohriyay the afternoon in 
general ; just after mid-day. 

> A • 

Ain. Value = 70. 

(A guttural hiatus with any vowel- 
Bound, as ^a, ^ee, 'i, ^o, ^u or aW) 

^ - -,1c a^djy ivory (see oj) . 

t>^ . ijlc a'dda, habit, custom 
(see d^d). 

j\c a'dr, shame. [^^ "jy^ 

i^ . 2-2tU a'dha, calamity (see 
a'luwaha) , 

iuc or Vac a^bdya, warm cloak. 

^j^jLC a^bha, he packed up, filled 

up a sack. 
ijxc o'bowa, sack, sacking. 

C^uc a^6<?5, a trifle, nonsense; cause 
for I'cgret ; error in judgment. 

Jjkc a'bada, he worshipped, slaved 

%d\x£. i'bdday worship. 

43jU adbidy worshipper. 

^iijU a^dbideen, pi., worshippers ; 
a disi^ric^ in CsAro, containing 
the Kbedive^s palace. 

JOAc .(Vac a^6(/,pl. a^6e«'(f, domestic 

(negro) slave. 
cSoiUMi) ista'bada, he enslaved. 

iXiliue - SfM^ ma'bady pi. ma'dbidj 

place of worship. 
J^Aft^ ma'boody worshipped; idol. 

jfc a'bara, he passed. 
yxc. a'bbara, he defined. 
JULIO ta^beeVy definition ; style. 

•jubl iV^aiara, he considered, esti- 
.Uicl iaUibdr, consideration, re- 
spect, esteem. 
8.1ac i^fcdra, phrase ; affair, matter 

in hand. 
{J^ S.Uc ^ hia Vbdrat a^iiy it 

consists in, of. 
jXfu^ ma^baVy place of passing, 
passage way. 

juU^ moaHabaVy one who is re- 
spected, respectable. 

^Lac or i^j^ Vbiriyy or i'brdniyy 
Hebrew, hebraic. 

J^*wIjlx - v^V^ Mi^aj?, (I) the 
uncle of Mahomed, whose de- 
scendants founded the great 
dynasty of the ^Abbdsiy or 
Abbaside Caliphs of Baghdad, 
750-1260 A.D. ; (2) a pasha of 
Egypt, d. 1854. 

LjM*Uc ^Abbdsiya, a suburb to 
the N.E. of Cairo named after 
'Abbas Pasha. 

laJLAC a'beety young ; foolish^ iuL- 




( 172 ) 

f^jS^ a'hqari'y, excellent, hand- 
some ; falsehood. 

Kac a'baka, bale of cloth, parcel. 

JjI - Jjkc a'bl, tamarisk (see atl). 

l^Iac i'fdh, blame. 

t^Ucl . ixxc aHaba, pi. aatdb, 
threshold, foot of throne. 

v_ i^y^-ff ma'toobj blamed. 

{^j^ aHrasa, he snatched, carried 

^^1 or jfic a'taqa, or aa^taqa, he 

freed a slave. 

jflit« or Jfy^ maHooq, or mo'taq, 
freed, enfranchised. 

jjUc t"/«g, enfranchisement. 

>UjIc - jy^ d'teeq, pi. oHaqd, 
ancient, antique. 

isJc aHaqa, Ataka, a cliff near 

Uac aUala, iron crowbar. 

Jic aetata f he carried. 

Jlic a'tidl, canner, porter. [JU-t 
A4jIc a'tma, darkness, obscurity. 

JU^ mo'tim, dark. 

4AC or iib'jc a'tdha, or a'tah, mad- 
ness, dementia. 

syiA^ ma took, mad, insane, de- 

w'^^a, pi. u'tat, moth, 

a' tar a, he stumbled over, 
groped or searched for. 
^Uxs ^Osmdji, (1) the third caliph ] 
(2) the founder of the Ottoman 

^*'jtc 'Osmdnli (Turkish), a Turk, 

^Uic 'Osmdniy, Turk, Ottoman. 

JujUoc iAe, i3^J datvlat ^aliya 'Os- 
mdniy a, the exalted Ottoman 

i'jjay omelet. 

»*Aat** or C^^^a:^ a'jiha, or ta'ajjaha, 
he was astonished. 

^^.^ac^' aa'jaba, he preferred, it 
pleased him. 

aef - iuac^ a'jceba, pi. a'jdyib^ 

m^otaa'jjib, astonished. 

^ysc a'joor, long pumpkin. 

^ js^ a'jaza a*n, he was wanting 
in, incapable, weak. 

j^Lc a\ijiz, wanting, helpless, 
feeble, blind. 

jys^ a'jooZy old, feeble. 

jsP- d*jzy weakness ; deficit in 

j^^^ja^ u'jzj pi. a'ajdz, buttocks. 

ija^^ mo'ajjaza, deficit in accounts. 

ijs^^ mo'jiza, miracle. [^j^ 

Jac**^' or J^ a'jUa, or ista'jala, 
he was in haste. 

(Jae a'jjala, he accelerated. 

J^y^*"^ or (J»>-U a'djilj or mosta'- 
jil, in haste, urgent. 

J^ac^ - iJbc^ a'jala, haste ; a'jool, 
impatient, hasty. 

young oi B^mTCL^* 


( 173 ) 



Ja:^ . ilac^ a' Jala, pi. a^^aZ, wheel. 

j»U^I - j^yiae^ - l^ac^ a^am, foreign, 

non-Arab; Persia, the Persians; 
a'jamty, Persian, a Persian ; 
aa'jdm, Persians. 

a'jamiy, novice, foreigner, 

a'jana, he made paste. 

a'jeen, dough. 

ma'jooiiy paste, hasheesh 
paste ; putty. 

^IsBi^ e'jdn, perinaeum. 

iyafi a'jwa, date-fruit paste; dates 
stuck together. 

<3£^ . S4XC i'da, a promise (see 

iXc a^dda, he counted. 

JJuaJ taa ddada, it became nu- 

J4XC aVrfflr^a,he numbered, counted. 

jkiOMfl istaa^dda, he was ready, 

jliSbMlMft t«^m'c/a<7, readiness, fitness. 

jt*Xcl . JiXc a'dady pi. aa'ddd, 
number, quantity. 

JtXc . ij£> i^dda, pi. i'rfec?, number, 
several ; equipment, tools, ap- 
paratus ; period of purification. 


times, often. 

SjSc a' deed, numerous. 

c>5^a!Lc mutaa'ddid, numerous. 

J><Jm>.< musta'idd, ready, capable. 

moa'dd, or fnoi'dd, ready, get 
apart for. 

j]j^ 55^ iWrfei mirar, 

I M 


liHIiilj^l J^'rf-ma/iaZ/ el-moa'dd 
li-zdJik, the place set apart or 
used for that. 

4>^fcVic« ma dood, counted. 

ifc>Juc« moa ddida, a paid female 
mourner, who counts up, or 
chants the praises of the dead. 

jliXiJ taa'ddd, census. 

yj^Sc a^ds, lentils, vetch. 

SIcXc or JcXc adl, or a'ddia, equity, 

^^Ijx a'dliy, relating to justice. 

JiXs a\ldala, he modified, rectified. 

Jji^jJ ta'ded, modification, recti 

Jjjicl ia'tadala, he was moderate. 

JIjJcI ia^tiddl, moderation, equi- 
librium, symmetry ; equinox, 

J^Sc a'dool, rectification, change. 
ijyyc - Jjlc addil, pi. o^docl, just, 

Jj«\c a'deel, brother-in-law. 
JiXii^ moa'ddil, rectifier ; average. 
jSjIa^ mo'ddala, algebraic equation. 

^S^ a'dima, it was nilj non- 

^JkC a'dam, nil ; non- ; un-. 

CLMJ AiXc a'dam sohoot, want of 
proof, no proof. 

,vA->- Mi^ a' dam hodoor, non- 

presence, absence. 

^j^cXc or aJ'x a'ddim, or ahleem, 



( 174 ) 

^fcVcl aa'damaj he annihilated^ put 
to death. 

Jsc\ iu'ddm, sentence of death. 

^iViJl inadama, it was destroyed, 
was used up. 

^iXc 'Adan, Eden; town of Aden. 

^4>',«^ - ^JSM^ ma^din, pi. ma'ddin, 
mine, mineral, ore. 

CL^LjLjjkit^ ma'diniydtj minerals, 

^l^iXc o^dwdn, hostility, enmity. 

]sc a\la, he was hostile ; he 
crossed over. 

Sjljx a'ddwa, enmity, hostility. 

A6ic\ - jiXc a'doo, pi. aa'dd, enemy, 


Ic 4^iXiJ ta'adda aa'la, he showed 
enmity, annoyed, opposed, en- 

jJlc ^<iX«J taa'ddi a'la, opposition, 
annoyance, trespass. 

^^iXAA^ mutaa^ddi, annoying; tran- 
sitive verb. 

^Sc\ aa'da, it was infectious ; 
passed across. 

^j«Vc or i^Sc a'dwa, infection. 

fcSfL^^ mo'di, infectious. 

hsm^ C^I/*' amrod mo'diya, in- 
fectious diseases* 

^^cXc tVa, shore, bank. 

^f4>U^ - t^dJL^ ma^da, pi. ma'adt, 
ferry, place of crossing. 

hSfL^ ma'diyay ferryrboat. 

t^*^^^j ^no-a^ddi^ ferryman* 

^ U md a'ddj except. 

u-^«ic a'2;&, sweet, delicious. 
i^ltic a^zdhy torture. 

i^Jx a^zzaba, he tortured. 

C^^iXiJ ^a^2;ee6.infliction of torture. 

jiic a'zaraj he excused. [cf. .^ 

S^iic or jSc o'zr, or i'zra, an excuse. 

tiJcl iatazara, he excused himself, 

.iiJl IjJb likicl iaHazara haza eU 
o'zr, he put forward this excuse. 

S-^*^' er* V*' J*^' el'o'zr aqbah 

min ed-danb, the excuse (is) 
worse than the offence. 

.jiiit* ma'zoor, excused, excusable ; 
allowance should be made for 

-^Kiic . ijSc o'zra, virginity ; a'zrd, 

virgin, Virgo of Zodiac. 

^j>1^l • Km;jjCa'rah,'p\.aa'rdb,ATa,h. 

^j\jjC o'rbAn, Arabs of the desert, 
Soudanese Arabs of the hills. 

c,^ ^1 ibn a'rab, son of an Arab ; 

hence, in Egypt, a free-born 
native Egyptian. 

^jC a'rdbiy, Arabic, Arabian. 

iJjC - ifJjC a'raWya (Turkish a'rabd), 
cart, cab, carriage. 

^d-*jx a'rafco/i (Turkish), cabman, 

iSijC aWabada, row, uproar, 
^^jx aV6oon,earncst-money,arrAe». 
a'raja, he climbed, ascended. 

y^9L^ mia'rd], «L%^Qiit of Mahomed 
to HoaN^oii •, \%AdL«t* 


( 175 ) 


^x. aWaja^ he limped, was lame. 

^ xl aa'raj, cripple, lame ; knave 
in cards. 

iry^ 'irs, spouse. 

L/^ t4V«, gaiety of a wedding. 

ir^jC agrees, bridegroom. 

i«jjC - lT'^jC' a'roos, (fem.) a'roosa, 

bridegroom, bride ; '^ fiance ^ 


limt^j:, a'roosatoh {aWoostoh), his 
bride, his ^'fiancee/' 

^Lh|jJI el-a^roosain, the newly- 
married couple. 
iT'y^ fno-a'rraSf cuckold, pimp. 
i^jC Vrsa, weasel. 
\X^ a'rsh, throne. [^j'-^y^ 
tfiif^ a'reesh, shafts of a carriage. 

^^1 El''Aree«h, village of El- 

'Areesh on the Syro-Egyptian 

SjcjC a'rsa, open space, court-yard. 

ijo£, a^rada, it happened, came 

{jojx- a'drid^ happening; cross- 

fjo^^ - iifU a'drida, pi. a'wdrid, 

accident. [iJ4>'»:>- — ^LaJ 

fjCjC a'rada, he presented a peti- 
tion, pleaded ; exposed, showed, 
set forth. 

^ lAj^^ ^<^''ro^O' o^^ te turned 
himself aside, abandoned a 

{jOj\c a'ararfa, he objected, opposed 
(in law). 

{jiy£'\ ia'tarada, he objected. 

(jtoj^ taa'rrada, he put himself in 
the way, tried to thwart. 

^]j9tXMi] istiaWdd, review, parade. 

(jijP a'rd, offer, plea ; (vulgarism 
for iVd). 

(j^Kc^ -(^^tf^iVd,pl. aaVad,honour, 

^^^10^1 CJm hoik el-Vrdf indecent 
assault (legal term). 

^JO^ aWdf width, breadth* 

{j^ijC aWeed, wide, broad. 

JLfljx a^reeda, petition; officer's 
commission of rank. 

^Ji^JC aWood (femin.), prosody, 

JW^ aWduhaX (mostly used in 
Turkish), petition. 

^^ar'lflr^ aWduholji (Turkish), pro- 
fessional writer of petitions for 
illiterate persons. 

{jOjt^ ma'rad, place of showing, 

(ji}f^ ma'rood, petition ; half- 
witted, cracked. 

dJCj\jL^ mo'-dradaj opposition (in 

law) against a sentence rendered 
in default. 

ijC aWafa, he know. [Jb 

^JJjC^ i'rfdn, knowledge. 



( 176 ) 


iijC a'rafa, vigil of feast of qorban 
or adha, on 9th of Zil-Hijja; 
hill, crest. 

isJS^ a'rafdt, hill of recognition, 
Mount Arafat, near Mecca. 

»<— */— ^ o'r/iy, arbitrary, unjust ; 
customs not based on law or 
piety ; private, unoflScial. 
iXc a'drif, knowing, aware of. 


t m 

j^lit« . ii 

a'rrafa, he informed, defined. 

ta'reef, definition, tariff. 

iijjjo ta'repfa, tariff. 
v«i^l ia'tarafa, he confessed. [ il 
llyici ia'tirdf, confession. 

ijjo fa'arrafa, he came to know. 

.1 tsta'rafa, he recognised, 


i_,oy^ a^reef, school-monitor. 

i3JuII (— ^ o't/ el-balad, local custom 
or usage. 

ma'rifaj pi. ma'drif, 

science, knowledge ; means, 
instr umentali ty . 

^injJ^I ^^^/^ hi-ma^rifat d-bolees, 
by means of the police. [^ELamI^ 

^uu«^4^ v^^4c« ma'drif o^moomiya, 
public instruction. 

v j^^-fl mo-aWrify inspector ; toll- 

uJ>%;ff^ ma^roofy known ; kindness, 

i^j^jn^ JlacI aa^mil rw a Voo/^, please! 
do the favour I 

^'*- ^»a'riifa, borae^s name. 



^jC a'riqay he sweated, 

^jC a'raq, sweat ; arrack, dis- 
tilled liquor. 

^MJjC a'raqiya, skull-cap. 

^U^ aVgan,in a sweat, perspiring, 

J3r - JLr^ ^'^^' P^- oVooj, vein, 
fibre ; beam. 

CT^' JLf^ ^^''9' ^^'^^^^9 liquorice- 

^ImJI ^J«x oWooq esh-shdmy beams, 
poles, rafters, Syrian timber. 

L^J^ o]^ tVoj a'rabiy, Mesopo- 

viJ^ a'raha, he rubbed. 

CJ^lc a'draha, he fought with. 

K^it^ . K^lic« mo'draka, battle, 

ma^raka, battle-field. 
jijC a^rrwma, he heaped up. 

^jt . il«^ o*rma, pi. aWam, heap. 

Kc aVa, it happened. 

4^_£picl iaHara, he seized, afflicted, 

^^^tf^l J^J^ff^ vw'atarihi el-marad, 
his being afflicted with disease. 

?ii^ o'rwa, button-hole. 

^^ a'ri, fellah's smock frock; 
" galabiya/^ 

^jC a'ria, he was naked, it was 

f^jC arra, he stripped, made bare. 

hjC o'rla, nakedness. 

^U X o^ridn, naked. 

^^jl-t a'driy bare, devoid, desti- 
tute ot. 


( 177 ) 

j \rtt r 

i^jf^ moa'rra, stripped, barod. 

Jc a'zza, it was noble, mighty, 

ijc or jc Vzzy or Vzza^ nobility, 
power ; prime, intensity. 

^ULllI jc i^z esh'shitd, depth of 


yj*>U**i - ^Jc Vzzetlu, Turkish title 
for the lower rank of bey, 
inferior to 8a\idctlu. 

jiy, a^zeez, noble, mighty, pre- 
cious, beloved. 

j^-^ a'zzaza, he ennobled, corro- 
borated evidence. 

jj»^ moa'zzazy corroborated (evi- 
dence) . 
Jcl aa'zz, nobler, grander. 

t-jfc a'zab, unmarried, celibate, 

L5JC o^zooba, celibacy. 

^yJlc . ^->f'wC a'dzib, widower; 

a^dnisy bachelor. 

XjjU a'dziba, unprotected female, 
divorced woman. 

t-jfc - hjc a'zba, pi. a^zab, hamlet, 
village, farm. 

jjc or jjc a'zara, he blamed. 

[cf. jSc, 
jjc a'zr, blame. 

^jjj fa'zeer, blame, reprimand, 

i)S^jJc A'zrdyeel, the Angel of 
ijc azf, music, sound. 

JLju^ - ^Jj^ a'zaqa, ho dug; 
mia'zaqa, hoc, spade. 


Ji^ o^'zecii, a digging, dug. 

Jjc a'zala, he dismissed ; removed 
to another house. 

Zjc - J^ flr^^Z, dismissal ; ozla, 
retirement, idleness. 

Zjc a'zdla, family furniture for 

J^l Vatazala, he dissented, kept 

J*J«^ ma'zool, dismissed. 

j^jc a'zamo, he decided; invited 
a guest. 

Ajlt lil a7ia a'dzim, I intend to. 

iUjjc or i^jjc a^zcoma, or a'zooma, 

invitation, incantation^ banquet, 
evening party. 

^j^ a'za, he accused, imputed, 

^^ or ^^Jc a'za, grief, accusation ; 

jj^ a^zza, he condoled with. 

hyS ta'ziya, sympathy, condo- 
lence ; funeral. 

?l^ wia'-ca, mourning for the dead. 

jmX^ a'sara, it was diflScult, strait. 

ijtuc o'sra, difficulty, restraint. 

jumx a'scer, difficult. 

-mtI aa'sara, he became insolvent. 

.LfccI iasdr, insolvency, in straits 
for money. 

jtMjt^ vioa'siry insolvent. 
p^yo % jt***^ moa^sir wa moosir, 
insolvent and solvent. C ^^.. 



( 178 ) 

Jfi/-***^ a'skariy, military, soldier, 

jLuC asJcer, (in Turkish) a soldier. 

jL»*^\ - ^J>^ lashlmr (Persian), 
army, " lascar, " probably 
origin of el-a'skar, 

^^Cmjc« moa'sTcar, camp. 

fJ^^uC 'asal, honey, 

^Mj^ a'«a, perhaps; I hope so; 
it is possible. 

iTilifcC . SAc e^shsha, pi. i^shseh, 
straw hut ; nest. 

^^A A r o'shb, green vegetation, 

JLc - iJlr. a^sha/raj (fern.) a'shr, 


. ^j^^P*lL£ Vsltroon, or 
(colloquial) a'shreen, twenty. 

JjLc] or .yi^ -ylc o's/ir, pi. o'shoor, 
or da'shdr, one - tenth part ; 

JLc o'shar, asclepias gigantea^ 
ccdotropis procera. 

j^\c a'dshir, the tenth in order. 

'!cjy^ oWiooriy,land paying tithes. 

^r.Lixl aa'shdriy, decimal. 

p\jyi,\c a'dslioord, Feast of the 10th 
day of Moharram. 

Sy*-AL-c adshoora, Arab plum- 

J\jlc - SyjJ^ a'sheera, pi. a'shdyir, 
small tribe; family. E^^^ajj 

iyix Vshra, gaiety, intimacy. 

Ic a'iMara, be was intimate, 

s^U^ mo'dshara, intimacy. 

.Lie i'shdr, pregnancy of animals ; 
being in foal, &c. 

SJ^ i'shra, an animal in foal or 
in calf, &c. 

^jJLz a'shiqa, he loved (sexually). 
^jJLc i^shq, sexual love. 

,j-i^ or ^U or JfxiLc a^shceq, or 
a\i8hiq, or a'shshdq, a lover, 

^yU^ ma'shooqaj the woman be- 
loved, sweetheart. 

>iir a'sham, hope, longing. [J^l 

jiAju or ^/ilc a'shima, or ta'ash- 
sJiama, he hoped for, coveted, 
longed for. 

^»M^ a'shshama, he made hope, 

^»ilicLe mota'ashshim, hopeful. 

v*llc a'shdy supper, evening meal. 

ixLe or ws i'«Aa, or a^sJdya, 
nightfall; after sunset; evening 

^jLnS ta^ashsha, he passed the 
evening, supped. 

S.lAc a'shdwa, dimness of sight 
by night. 

^jofuac or ^^£L*az o^so's, tail-bone j 

u-^LsL^I . Ly^^^tf a'aab, pi. a'asdb, 

LLdc i'sdba, bandage. 

a'saba, he bound up, 

^ ta'assaba, he bound him- 
self, \)ec».\tio iigvi., ItsaiaXXft, 

( 179 ) 

a^sba, woman's kerchief. 

. Ll^c o'sba, pi. o'sab, 
clique, gang. 

^d-Juuflc o'sbaji, a ruffian, one of 
a gang. 

epljvir . ix^ac a'saba, pi. d*8abdt, 
father's relatives ; agnates, rc- 

IjLx^dc a'sabiya, relationship of 

SJuuof a'seedaj paste, starch ; 

..^jc a'sr, afternoon; 3 p.m. 
.Lac I -^;-flc aVr, pi. aa'sdr, epoch, 

j^[m^ mo'dsir, contemporary. 
«flc a^ssara, he squeezed, distilled, 
^x^c a* seer, juice. 
j^J^M^ . S-fl*c« ma^sara, pi. ma'dsir, 

>wx a'dsif, violent, high, 

o'sfoTj carthamus. ^Ai^ 

-mL^c ^jyLaz o'sfoor, pi. a'sdfeer, 

^" finch, sparrow. ^^ 

^LtMflc Vsvia, chastity. [Xi^ 

JCUb^oc i'amatlu, chaste ; being 
the Turkish title for a princess. 

^Ic a'dsim, chaste. 

'kA^Kc a'dsima, chaste woman; 
capital town ; an un taken for- 
tress, '^ pucelle ; '^ a title of 

^y«a«c« ma'soonij infallible ; above 
suspicion ; not an outlaw, but 
in the enjoyment of civil rights. 

^U^ - ^H<3«c« miasaiUf pi. ma'dsim, 
wrist. Lpy^ 

J^^cc - Lac a'sd, pi. oViy (femin.), 
stick, cane. 

LLac or suae a'sdya, stick, cane, 
^^-ac a'sa, he revolted. 
^j^LjL^ac 'isydfij revolt, mutiny. 
SLflc - 15^'^ a'a«i, pi. o'«a^, rebel. 
/MflC a'dda, he bit. 

JLoc cJdda, a bite, 
^•..i^^ ma'dood, bitten. 

fc>Lflcl - Jufls a'dudf pi. aaddd, 
upper half of arm ; help, 

Sc[»4 sdyVdf fore-arm, help, suc- 
cour. ^^J^ 

jLic a^dala^ muscle. 

JL^ u'ddi, incurable, 
^w^^ - yoc a'divy pi. aa\ld, limb of 
body, member. 

el-majlis, he is (one) of the 
members of the council. 

Aac ^J^ %'tr, pi. o'toor, perfume, 

otto, attar. 

■Lc aHtara, he perfumed. 

JAac a'ttdr, seller of perfumes, 

spices, drugs. 
jALc oHdrid, planet Mercury. 
ijJ^ aHasa, he sneezed. 
^^^Ikc uHdsj a sneeze, sneezing. 

^Jikc a'tash, thirst. 
L*^ a'ishdn, thirsty. 


( 180 ) 


Xilac af/a, side^ by-streot, lane. 

XftLlc a (it If a, sympathy, loaning 

iiyioc u'foofa, benevolence, con- 

y [xi ^W utoofailu (Turkish) title for 
Ministers of State and civilians 
of Bald rank, condescending, 

JJflC oHl, delay, obstruction, idle- 
ness, deprivation. 

JJflC a'ttala, he hindered, ob- 
structed ; took holiday, pro- 

JjiajJ ta'teel, holiday, oflf-day ; 
injury caused by obstruction 
or delay; workmen^s strike. 

Jktiuo mo'attal, deserted, idle, 
shut up ; rendered useless, 

^Jiac a'tana, it became spoiled, 
wont bad ( wine, water, &c.). 

Ij'iac - ilk: (2) or LdscI - -^Ikc aHd, 
pi. aa'tiya ; or (2) a'tiya, pi. 
a^tdyd, gift. 

^ILcl - (jisil a\ita,\iO gave; iaHd, 
a giving. 

>lLcl J ii»t rtWiz waiaHd, a taking 
and giving, trade, business. 

^J^M-^ mo'ti, giver, God the Giver. 

^lo'tjJ tdaUa, ho exchanged gifts ; 
disputed, quarrelled, under- 
took, exercised. 

juclL? iJcljo tda'ta saiidaHaho, ho 
exercised his profession. 

^t^^ a^;:ama, grandour } great- 

Jiac . dJ^ a^ze&in, pi. i^zdm, 
grand, splendid ; great, first- 
rate, capital. 

-^jJaJI aDI^ walldhi eUa'zeem, by 
the Almighty God I the usual 
Moslem oath. 

^^4iac . Jacl aa'zam, (femin.) o^zma, 

greater, greatest. 
^^-JajJl USlk .J Britdnid d-o'zma, 

Great Britain. 

Jacl .tX^ «aJr aa'zam, the noblest 
source of power, the Grand 

Jac a^zzama, he ennobled, mag- 

^^jiofS ta'zeem, an ennobling, mag- 

JatL^ moa'zzamj exalted, imperial. 

i^tioM^ moa^zzama, magnifying- 

Uac - ^1^ a^dthm, pi. ia'dthdm, 


Jax^ mo^zam, majority, greater 

Lac or i—gjiftf - Iac )[^a, chastity; 
a^feefy or afoof, chaste. 

?^ afara, dust. 

c:uj,'vic - \j:^jSlc a'frecty pL 
a'fdreef, demon, cunning. 

^jiflc ay«A, baggage, luggage. 

t/^ ^'fi> gall-nut. 

fjcsLc a'fasa, he seized, flung, 

lie a'faqa^ he seized, arrested. 

1 Vvjii 


( 181 ) 

*• • 

> • 

dJ^ or ^^ a fan, or ojoona, 
stench of mildew. 

^J^ ta'affana, it smelt rotten, 

^^ a'Jin, infectious disease. [^^•Sc 

y^^ o'fooniy, malarious, pesti- 

^aju ^ ^^Jl£, a'fd 'an, he pardoned ; 
ya'foo ho pardons. 

^ a'fwy pardon. 

^ a^oo, merciful, pardoner. 

^jiiJ-i! istaya, he asked pardon, 

begged to be excused, resigned 

his post. 

Ujou*) xstee'fd, an asking pardon ; 

Juilc a\ijiy(i, good health. 

5UU-« mo\ifdf, exemption. 

^km^ or u-iU-^ mo'df, or mayoo, 
pardoned, exempted. 

jf-jL-5-x a'qecq, agate, cornelian ; 
a harbour near Suakin. 

a'qaba, ho overtook, trod 
on one's heels. 

^jiAi -L^^gf o^y?^, end; o'qha, retri- 

L-j'^l - L^^c a*qh, or a'(/t6, pi. 
aa'qdb (fomin.), heel, axis, 
pivot, hinge. 

JUftc a'qiboh, its heel, immediately 
after it, thereupon. 

iUAC o'qba, once, one time. 

(*^^AAi or L;^lc a'dqiby or a'qerb, 
next after, successor. 

isp-^it^£ - iASl^ a\iqiba, pi. a'wdqiby 
cndj rcault. 

his. a'qaba, hill ; «4'j(iZ>a, a placo 
at the end of the narrow gulf 
on the eastern side of the Sinai 

LjLAX a'qaba, A monster barge 
dressed up as a ship . at the 
ceremony of the cutting of 
the Khaleej or Canal of Cairo. 

^-^ISc o'qdb, eagle. [j^ 

^.^JU a'dqaba, he punished (by 
legal sentence). 

o'oqtbaf he was punished 
(by legal sentence). 

J yo'a<jfaft,hoshall bepunished. 


is liable to be punished; it is 

hSi>j^ or L^^JLc i^jdh, or rtioWjabaf 

sJLjfj^ . h^ o'qooba, pi. o'qoobdf, 

cl^Ij^aJI ^jJi^'J qdnoon vhoqoobat, 
Penal Code. 

dAC a'qada, ho knotted, contracted, 
made a contract ; (the priest) 
united in marriage; (the liquid) 
congealed; it hardened. 

dM - JAc aqdf pi. o'qood, knot, 
contract, agreement. [j^ 

^JjC Sac a'qd o'rfiy, private con- 
tract, sous snn(j irrive, 

Sac - iSAC o'qda, pi. o qad, knot, 
plexus, joint, ganglion. 

Sac i'qd, necklace. 

jUc a'qqdd, lace-maker; knotter, 
maker ot ttvDi^'5^ vocA Xas^'*.^^- 


( 182 ) 


(3j'vjo ta'dqada, he made a contract 

^(VJljcU mota'dqideen,i3ie contract- 
ing parties. 

Jilcl ia^aqada, he tied himself to^ 
believed in. 

jIaacI ia'tiqdd, belief in^ reliance 
upon^ " bona fides J^ 

6Anj\ ina^qada, it was knotted^ 
assembled; it congealed^ co- 

, »Jbc^' jUiJl inia'qdd d-majlis, the 
coming together of a council. 

j5c o^qr, sterility. [J^ 

Jf'^ a^dqir, sterile. 
ijl>Um • lUc a'qdr, pi. a^qdrdt, 
landed property. 

^oUJI CJLuil eUbank d-a^qdriy, 
land-bank^ credit foncier. 

jj^M — .Uc a'qqdr, pi. a'qdqeer, 

drug, herb; simples. 

i^.Uc . i,,,^5r 'aqrab, pi. a^qdrib, 

scorpion; Scorpio of the Zodiac; 
hand of a clocks or watch. 

J^ - ;Jac a'ql, pi. o'qoolj mind^ 

Sac aqldn, with reason^ in reason. 

^JLSc a'qUy, intellectual^ of the 

Jac a'qala, he could think, con- 
ceive an idea ; he tethered an 

{Jm i Id yo'qal, it is inconceivable, 

cJ(^ - cJSlc a\iqilj pi. o'qqdl intelli- 
Srontj clever. 


Jl'ic o'qqdlf Druse priests, initiated 

J^Aic« ma'qool, intelligible ; meta- 

JLa-c i'qdl, halter; foot-rope, 
tether; head-band. 

s^sic o'qla, a knot in bamboo or cane. 

^Iac - (JacI aa'qal, (femin.) a'qld, 
more intelligent. 

^ o'gm, sterility. [^5c 

>JLAC a^qeem, sterile. 

iixc or>Kc J.'A:Zra,Acre,aportin Syria. 

Jic or^ o'A:ar or a'kdr, sediment, 

dregs. [.^y**j 

c:ju^ a'kroot, cuckold, pimp. 

^^jSc a^TcSy upside down, reverse, 
wrong way round ; back again. 

^jSjS^^ bU-a'ks, on the contrary ; 
vice versa. 

^j0j^\ in'akasa, it was reversed. 

,^^Xjt^ ma'koosj upside down, 

f^j*S^ a^dkasa, he opposed, ran 
counter to, annoyed. 

u^ i^w il - *— iilc a^aklf^ persevering; 
ina'kafa, he persevered. 

v—g.C.'i-rl iaHakafa^ he prayed in 

Jix, a'khdm, head camel man, 
leader of caravan. 

ho^ o^kdma, muzzle, bridle. 

JSx>] - ^^ o'kan, or aa'kdn, folds, 
wrinkles of the hips. 

Jic - Sc i'K(i, pi. i*lal, defect, 
disease*, q:lc\xsq. 


( 183 ) 


JjJb a'ledy unwell. 

JJUJ taa'llalay he hesitated^ made 

JJk^ moHally diseased^ weak. 

«^lc . Juic u^lba^ pi. i^ldb, casket, 
small box. 

C^lr a'lasa, he fought^ beat. 

JU - Jc {a'laja) - a^dlaja, he 

treated medically. 

ie^'jt* or ^Ic i'ldj, or mo'dJaja, 
medical treatment. 

i_ftlg o'Za/, fodder, forage, hay. 
^ [grain = j^ 

v«ilc aUldf, seller of hay or forage. 

sL a'liqa, it hung, was in suspen- 

c:,^5lr. a'liqat, she conceived. 

jflc a^llaqa, he hanged up; (j^JLt) 

G/ianaja), he hanged (a mur- 

jfUJ ta'allaqa, ho, it was attached, 

belonged to. 
isle, i'ldqa, affection, attachment. 

jflc i'lq, unnatural love; sodomite, 
^jlc - Sstlc aHaqa, pi. a^oj, leech. 
^Iz o'looq, conception, pregnancy. 

jfjJlc a^leeq, grain for horses. 

[hay =s i..Aic 

Aiilg a'Z^a, a couple of camels; a 
good flogging. 


^jUS ta^alluq, property of, belong- 
ing to. 

^jAfo ta'leeq, a hanging up; style 
of hand writing. 

jfJUJU mota^alliq, belonging to, 

▲aIc a'lqam, colocynth, bryony, 
momordica elaterium, 

JLc a' lima, he knew. [*— ^ 

Ac] a'a/ama, ho informed, delivered 

Ac a^Uama, he taught, drilled. 

Ato ta^allama, he learned. 

JUjLmI ista'lama, he inquired. 


A^ - JLc i^lni, pi. o'loom, science ; 


jf^ Ac Vim khdbar, receipt, memo. 

aJIjJIj^J ddr el'o'loom, the eccle- 
siastical college at Cairo for 
students from the El-Azhar 

>UL: - A-Jb a'leem, pi. u'lemd, 
learned, wise. 

f{Ac u'lemdf Moslem priesthood, 
learned divines. 

Jlc a^dJim, he who knows; wise. 

J1»c . iuJlc a'diima, pi. a^wdlim, 
learned or wise woman; but 
only applied to a woman clever 
in singing ; an " alrneh/' or 
singing girl {not dancing girl), 

Ac\ - Jlc a^lem, pi. aa^ldm, flag. 
Jlc jjmI ism a'lem, a proper noun 
(grammatical term). 


( 184 ) 

hJic or Jix. a'lldni, or a^ldma, 
very learned, a title of divines 
or " u'lemd" 

^^jc^jJl aJLcI ia'ldm shara'iy, a 

judgment pronounced by a 
Shei'i' tribunal. 

^yJU . JU a'dlem, pi. a'dlemoon, 

the universe. 
▲jIiJ ta^leem, toacbing, instruction ; 
" drill. 
CL>U>lwj ta'Ieemdt, instructions. 


JLic« mo-a'ttim, teacher, foreman. 

aJLa« ma'loom, known, of course ! 
active voice of a verb. 

2a^^U^ ma'loomiya, information, 

^Jlc a'lana, it was publicly known, 
open to the public. 

^Jlcl aa'lana, he announced, ad- 

-JlcI o'lina, it was announced. 

SJlcl - ^Icl ia'ldn, pi. ia'landt, 



ijMXcor Ulc a'landn, or a'ldniyatdn, 

^^Lc a'laniy, public, in public. 

^'jj or ]L aHd, or ta^ala, it was 

J'^" aoSI ilZ/ttA ta'dhiy God the 
High ! how great He is ! 

tic or ftc a'ld, or o7oo, grandeur, 

^Ic a- //y, noble, high ; Ali. 

^M: JiljtJ f/.awI(U a'ltya, tho oxalted 
owpji-Cj Turkey. 

JU or jJlc a^dliy or a^a/, noble, 

sublime j first-rate. 

J'wC or J'lT j^ amr a'dii, high 

order, Kliedivial decree. 
^[c e-;'o bdh a' (Hi, Sublime Porto, 

ijlc i'ldwa, surplus. 
[Ac - ^L:l a'ala, (femin.) u'lyd, 
higher, upper. 

Ic aVa, upon, at, against, ac- 
cording to. 
KZJ - J'^ ta'dla, come thou ! for 

ti, which is the unused impera- 
tive of ^Jl 
>c a^mma, it was universal, public. 

^^#,UJI i^ltf - Jx d*dmm, common, 

public ; a'dmmat cn-nds, tho 
general public. 

ig^y^ - A^ o'moom, totality, 

generality; o'moomiy, general, 

jju»c a^mecm^ public, general. 

JIac - <JLcLix i'vidnia, pi. a'mdyiiii, 

i^x - ^ a^mm, (femin.) a^mmn, 

paternal uncle ; aunt ; patron 
or master. 

Has, ^\ ibn a'mmoh, his cousin, 

uncIe^B son. 
^^xi^ tameem, generalisation. 

Sac a'mada, he propped up, in- 
tended, purposed. 

]S4£> .tX4£ a'nid, purpose; a'mddn, 
on purpose. [«3^ 

t^Afo fa^ammadfa, he intended, do- 


( 185 ) 


j^lc SjHc) iaHamada a'la, he relied 
upon^ confided in. 

Jy«U or J^4x or jl^^ Hmad, or 
admood, pillar, column. 

id^Ai] or 43^AC ^omodj or 'amad, or 
a^amida, pillars. 

lUx . ijukc ^omda, pi. 'omadj the 
officially recognised sheikh of 
a village. 

jcJ^lc a'dmoodiy, upright, per- 

julc s^ixM^ mo a' tarn ad 'aleih, trust- 

worthy, trusted in. 
.Uc^ - T"*^ ^omr, pi. aa'mdr, age 
in years; lifetime. 

ijAC 'omra, minor pilgrimage to 

^jAC - jA^ 'Omar, and 'Amroo, 

names for men. 

^Kac 'omrdn, culture. 

5.Uc 'imdra, cultivation, signs of 
life ; fleet, expedition ; edifice, 

jk'x a'dmir, flourishing, pros- 
Jkc 'ammara, he repaired ; loaded 
a gun. 

^J^Ato ta^meer, repairs; loading a 

jj^ji^ mo' ammo r, repaired; loaded. 

.Ujc« mia'mdr, architect. \,\^Sj^ 

jj^jd^] ista'maraj he colonised. 

cdL^jou*^ musta'mardtj colonies. 

^fi^A^\ - [fi-^^ 'am ash, blearness; 
a a' mash, blear-eyed. 

2A4.S - ^j4c o'mq, depth ; 'amceq, \ 
deep. [jAi \ 

Ji4^ 'amiln, he did, made. [JjJ 

J.4x) aa'mala, he caused to be 

(Jt^U a'dmala, he treated or be- 
haved to. 

JumoLm) ista'mala, he used, em- 

Ju«!jo ta'dmalu, he did business 
with, contracted with. 

JUbtl - JC4iC 'amal, pi. aa'wai, 
work, act, deed. 

juJU^ 'amaliya, work, practice, 
experience; surgical operation; 
medicine, purge. 

iLtx- - Jmo^x 'admil, pi. 'amala, 
doer, workman. 

aIac 'omln, cash. 

(J*.4X 'ammdl, doing, in the act of 
doing ; 'omm^, workmen. 

Jlu^ 'ameel, commission agents 

Zyt£, 'omoola, commission, percen- 
tage, brokerage. 

Jl«U'« - JsA*« maa'mal, pi. m^'dmil-, 
factory, workshop. 

}LJ>M^ mo'dmala, treatment, con- 

JUicLmI istla'mdl, use, usage, em- 

(J»4jcLjw« mosta'mal, used ; second- 
hand; boatswain. 

JyMt^ ma'mool, done, executed, 
carried out. 

bihi, a law in vigour. 



( 186 ) 


^jLmx - ^^4^ *ama, blindness; 
^amydii, blind. 

^vkc - f^^i-^^ - f^^^ aa'ma, (fomin.) 
^amyiif pi. 'omi, blind. 

nw^ammaj enigma^ mystery. 

^ 'an, ont of, from, instead. 

Uc - U ^^ 'an-mdy written 'ammd, 
from that which. 

^^ - ^Uc 'indn, pi. 'onon., reins. 

iJlJu: - ij^ Hncen, impotent ; 
'andnay impotence. 

^lift - <w^lr *inab, ph aa^ndb, 
grape; vine. [^ 

jjljb ^onndb, jujube. 
jub 'anhar, ambergris. 
jC^jJLc ^anbariy, aromatic ; raki. 

Jjc - ^^jLic ^anbar, pi. ^andbir, 
bam, magazine. LUil 

jcjuc ^antariy, bodice, sleeved 

6sc 'andy at, near, with, upon, 

f^Sic ^andi, with me, I have. 

Cjjjf \indalc, with thee, thou 
hast ; stop ! 

.^1 sic *and ed'dohvj at midday. 

Ayiil jJix: 'and cl'lozoani, in case of 

d\jc Hnddj obstinacy. 

jjlc or 4>juu: 'aneed, or a'dnid^ 

JjUc - L»^jJ«3ju: 'andaleebj pi. 
^andfh'l, nightiDgalc. [JoIj 

W-3;^ sbe-goat. 

•:^ ^ 

bachelor. [s-J^ 

-o'Ju: « j^ic 'onsor, pi. 'atuwi')", 

clement, principle of nature. 

ij^'yc 'ansara, Pentecost. 

eJub 'anf, cruelty ; violence ; in 

u-LfJU: 'aneefj cruel, violent. 

^j'Jcl - jfju: ^07103, pi. aa'ndq, neck, 
throat. [cf. lij 

jfiUj or jfi'x a'dnaqa, or ta'dnaqa, 
he embraced. 

XiJlic« or ^J^Jlc 'indq, or mo'dnaqa, 
caress, embrace. 

J^x: 'onqood, cluster, bunch'. 

L^^'Ju: - CL^^^Ctr. ^anlcaboot, pi. 
'andkib, spider. 

CL^^jkCJUl) c::,.«jo bait eWankaboot, 
spider^s web. 

^lylc 'ont^-dti, frontispiece, address 
of letter. 

^yjuo ma'nwin, addressed (letter). 

^yc 'ana, it meant, signified. 

^Jfo or ^Jcl aa'ni, or ya^ii, that is 

to say; viz.; it meant, it means. 
^l»^ - ^.^-^ wa^na, pi. ma'dni, 

meaning, rhetoric. 

^yljuiJI Jic 'Urn eUma'dni, rhetoric. 

^jiiil ia'tana, he was careful, 

anxious for. 
LUc 'indya, kindness, care for. 

^^yU^ ma'nawiy, allegoric, unreal, 

t^c 'ttJiirfa, he made a treaty or 


( 187 ) 


4>^ - Sfc ^ahd, pi. ^ohoody treaty 
contract; will, testament; Old 
or New Testament of the Bible. 

iXfJ) 1^^ waliy eWahd, heir-appa- 

is^ ^ohda, responsibility, charge ; 
also sometimes, the person 
responsible, as a sergeant of 
ghafeers ; obsolete form of 
grant of lands in fief. 

liJbUJ or jJtlc a'dhada, or ta'dhada, 
he made a treaty (mutually). 

iVfjJ ta'ahhada, he made a contract, 

d^ ^ L2jl*yJjo taahhuddt wa ^oqood, 
contracts and obligations. 

«y.4iijLe rmita^ihhid, a contractor, 
responsible under contract. 

SiSJb'xjco mo^dhada, treaty. 
d^^i^ma'hoodj contracted, provided 

^M'^jXzghair manhood, unexpected, 

not provided for, unforeseen. 
Jt!^ - S^li a'dhira, pi. ^awahir, 

^f- ^^j} curvature, 
-j^.jj or ^^ ^aw'ija, or ta^awwaja, 

it was Dent. 

^y: 'awaj, curvature, curve. 

-j.^1 aa'waj, cripple, crooked, 

-.Ic a\y, ivory, hent tooth of 

isf^f- 'awaija, a kind of drooping 
maize, or millet. [itJ 

djc 'ddy a return, repetition, re- 
ciclive in crime. 

id^ ^awda, return, coming back. 

^Ijoc - i}yC ^ood, pi. 'eeddn, guitar, 
baton; a piece of sugar-cane; 
aloes. . 

jU a\ida, he returned, came back; 
he did again, repeated. Cr^j 

jU) aa'dda, he came back, sent 
back, returned, repeated, re- 

dj^\ oo^eeda, it was returned, re- 

df- 'awwada, he made accustomed. 

4>yJ or jlici ia'tdduy or ta'atowada, 
he became accustomed. 

CL>b'x - iSc a^dda, pi. a'dddt^ 

custom, habit, 
r^j'x a'ddiy, usual, customary. 
jUicI iaHiydd, custom, use, habit. 

^^jUjLxI ia'tiyddiy, customary, 

ijU) ia'dda, repetition, a making 

«4)Lj^ Hydday a visiting the sick. 

iVJlc a'dyid, returner, repeater; 
recidiviste in crime. 

»jjl*c - SjJlc a'dyida, pi. ^awdyid, 
tax, fee, profit. 

jUcI - J^ 'eed, pi., aa^ydd, fSte, 

4)Uic« moaHdd, usual, customary. 


jcUU J^c ^oz biUdlii, refuge in GoJ. 

(3yJ ta'awwazay he sought refuge. 

jjyo ta'weez, refuge, protection; 

. «li\ iU^ ma' u.^ AaixAx., ^^^ \^^^^ 



( 188 ) 


j^\ aa'war, one-eyed. 

j^ ^awwara, he injured, spoilt. 

i.^ 'awra, nakedness, pudenda. 

y»^ - .Ic a'dr, shame; a^dyara, 
he put to shame. 

iXc] - .Ic) aa^ara, he lent (money); 
ia^dra, loan. 

^c^^ - if'^ a^driya, pi. ^awdriy, 

.licLiI istaa'dra, he borrowed. 

^akjuu^ mosta^yeer, borrower. 

;^ ^awiza, he needed ; wished for. 

jJlc or .y 'au?W2f, OP a^ayia?, he who 
needs, wishes. 

uc orjfx. Ul and a^dyiz, or 'at(m«, 
I want, I wish. 

1^^^ 'Jfi, or 'iwad, exchange, 
instead of. 

CA)«3 ^ li^ 'iwaddn 'an zdlihj 

instead of that. 

^'x a'dda, he gave in exchange. 

^^ 'awwada, he indemnified, 

uiJ^^ynS ta'weeddt, damages (in 
law), compensation. 

^^l£ a'dwada, he exchanged. 

iLi^U^ or (^1^ 'iwddy or mo'dwada, 

^ycLwl {sta^wada, he appointed a 
substitute; replaced, gave in- 

L-5^ '4/> chance, condition. [cfiJ^ 
ii9l>£ 'iydfa, fortune-telling. 

jj^ - ,J^ 'oq, obstacle ; 'awwaqa, 
he hindered^ 

yji^ ta'weeq, a causing delay, 
" hindering. 

^yti or ,jlc a'dqa, or ta'awwaqa, 
he loitered, was late. 

sJLc a'dyiq, hindering; rakish, 

J*c 'olj shriek, moan; misfortune. 

J^c Hwalj confidence; cry for help. 

J^ or J^^ 'wool, paucity of an 
inheritance, insufficient for all 
the heirs. 

iJi^ J>t 'awwcda 'ala, he relied 
upon, believed in. 

iSlfo ta'weel, confidence, belief in. 

JIac . Joe 'ayytlj pi. Uydl, family, 
child. [Jjbl 

2Jlc a'dyil<k, wife, family. 

JdjLiJ] jJ^I arshad el-a'dyila, eldest 
of the family. 

M^ 'dm, a swimming; river in 
flood, not fordable. 

aIc a'dma, he swam. [^4^ 

J^l - aIc a' dm, pi. a'awdm, year. 

^^ 'Jw, aid, succour. 

h^ 'dna, aid, succour; euphemism 
for corvee. 

^^Ic a'dwanay he assisted. 

jlijU^ mo^dt(;ana, assistance. 

^^U« mo'dwin, assistant. 

^Ul aa'dna, he assisted. 

Llcl ta'dna, assistance. 

^UaamI ista'dna, he asked for help. 

^IjUjLmI isti'dna, an asking for help. 

JiiyU or iiyt^ ma'oona, or maghona, 
barge, lighter. 


( 189 ) 

^!x a' ana, pubis. 

8y: ^amwahaj he injured; was in- 
A2bU: d'dlia, calamity. 

SIjc* mo^aivwah, deformed, injured. 

^J^ 'awa (the dog) barked, howled. 

p\^ or ^jc ^am,OT 'ow^a,howl,bark. 

(^^ju: - ^^-r^^ 'aib, pi. ^oyoob, 
vice, stain, shame, defect. 

vdLJU: L«,«ok£ 'ai6 ^alaiJc, shame on 
thee ! 

(w^j>r. ^ayyaba, he stigmatised ; 
stained, dishonoured. 

iuujb or ijuc 'ai6a (incorrectly 
haiba), valise, saddle-bag. 

L^^kn'c ma^yoob, disgraced, vicious, 

djz - ^^1 - ^^ ^eed, pi. aa'ydd, 
ffite, festival (see '^d). 

4)]Lx*!l dM^eed cZ-md6Zac2,Christma8* 
^^\ SJ^c ^eed el-fas-h, Easter. 
Jyt^t Jjx ^eed es'so'oodj Ascension. 
lI^jlULUI Xkc 'eed et-tathleeth, 



awliydy All Saints. 

cdI^Ij^ - J^-t^ ^iy^^> pl« ^iydrdtj 
legal standard of coin, measures, 
&c. ; calibre ; the usual charge 
of powder and shot for a gun. 

VL) .Ur 'iydr ndriy, a shot or 
discharge from a gun. 

.Uc ^ayydr, crane for lifting 
weights ; cunning ; rogue. 

.U a^dr, shame, ignominy* 

jAc or ^^ a^yyara, he put to 

shame, dishonoured. 
^^>jo - .Ic a'ara (the horse) bolted; 

ya^yeer, it bolts. 

.Lu^ mVydr, legal standard ; law. 

/icJt j[jjf^ mi^ydr sharaHy, Mos- 
lem law or standard of right 
and wrong. 

^y*tJ^c 5-fl^ or ij**jJx 'J«a, or 

Hadrat 'Isa, Jesus Christ. 
^cy*^ ^Isamy, Christian, [/ylr^ 

^y**i Yaaooa^iy, Jesuit. (N.B. 
Mark the transposition of the 
letters ^^^uiJlc.) 

yjij^c ^aishj life, existence ; bread. 

^JjJiio - {J^^c- a^daha, he lived; 
ya^yeesh, he lives. 

^l*^' lA^^ Yo^'y^^^ Bfendeend, 
" Fire Ze Khedive I '' 

^ji^MS ta'ayyasha, he lived, gained 
a living. 

^Uc a'yydsh, seller of bread in 
the streets. 

ItJU A^dyUha, the favourite wife 
of Mahomed, and the Virago 
of the early Caliphate, after 
the Prophet's death. 

IJLxm^ ma'yishaj means of life, 

CL;ttlic« . i^U.'c ma^dsh, pi. 
ma'd«/m/, means of life, monthly 
pay, wages ; (in Turkey espe- 
cially), pension, annuity. 

LUx: ^iydtj scream, cry; uproar. 

la>x: 'ayyata, he screamed, shouted. 

su<c 'aify flight ot Vsvtfts^* \i-i'f' 


( 190 ) 


XiUc ^iyafa, fortune- telling, augury 
from flight of birds. 

J^ - J'•:^^ - J^ '(lyyil, pi. 'iydl, 

family (see 'ol). 

jj<k^ JUx: 'iydl sagheer, infant, 
small child. 

iJ^x a^dyila, family, wife. 

J^^^ OP ^i:! or ^^ . ^n 'airvj 
pi. ^oyoorifOT aa'yun, ajid aa^ydn, 
(femin.) eye, hole, source, foun- 
tain, essence ; evil eye. 

^^^c ^OTjooUy arches of bridge; 
spectacles, glasses. 

ijJLJ' ^Jj^si) aa'ydn cl-balad, provin- 
cial notables. 

2^SJL«^;Ux:) aa'^anman^jooZa, move- 
ables, furniture. 

aLlki or dxxc ^ainoho, or bi-'ainihL 

he himself. 

^^ 'aiuj self, same; the thing sold. 

l-->Iju**5II f^^i^o hi-' am cUasbdb, for 

the same reasons. 
l|Juc u^UmmIIIj bil-asbdb 'ainihd, for 

the same reasons. 

L^ajw) ^^c *ain cl'^aqooba, the 

same penalty. 
iuUw^JI ^jjkc 'ain d-mo^ ayyana, the 

identical thing. 

Lux ^aindn (payment) in kind. 


en nature. 



ij<jj^ or iufi 'ayyina (or ^ainiya), 
specimen, sample. 

jJyx ^ainiy, self, same ; real. 
^juic ^a/niya, acltjSeLine*, sameness. 
'^s^V-^ ijy^^ fioqooq 'ainiya, real 

^jj^ ^ayyana, he appointed, de- 

^jj^fo ta^yeen, appointment, de- 

cdIajlxju ta'ycendt, appointments^ 
rations, allowances. 

^jjkto ta'ayyana, he was appointed, 
it became evident, resulted* 

^o)U ^adyana, he examined, saw 
as an eye-witness. 

^^U^ nio^-dyin, eye-witness, scru- 

ixjU^ mo'-dyana, inspection, visit 
of the police to the scene of a 

^jj^ mo'-ayyan, appointed, desig- 

cl>LL}^«c 'owaindi, small eyes, 

^Lir^ ma'dn, visible ; Ma'dn in 
Arabia Petreaa. 

^^>c or ^ ^cbT/ya, he was weak, 
ill, incapable. 

Uc 'ayyd, he fatigued, made ill. 
^Iac 'aya,illness,disease. [^Ij - (,/i^ 
^Uc 'ayydn, ill, diseased. 


(a hard guttural G). 
a, Ghain. Value — 1000. 

i^.jL{x - L-jlc ghdba, he was absent 
(see ghiydb.) 

L-jU - Sj^i: ghdba, forest; ^/lafc, 
reeds, rushes. 

ijViueOr jVigfuir, ormagArtra,cavern. 
yl - »j c. gliara, t^ tv>.\^ V,^^ cjVx^x^ 


( 191 ) 


S-jkC - .U ghdra, he was jealous 
(see ghaira), 

pU*£ or ii'x ghdgha (for Turkish 
ghoghd, or qavga), row, tumult, 

J^ - L/^ ghdyishj a male dancer, 

J^ - il?^ ghdyila, calamity (see 
^A J/) . 

bi: - Lli: ghdya^ extremity (see 

(w^ ghihh, end; after. 

aImJI <«^^ ghihb es-saldm, after 

aU I r 1^^ ^*r^ ghibb moroor taldtat 
ayydmy after the lapse of 3 
days; 3 days after sight (bill 
of exchange). 

jxc\ - .Ui: gliobdr, dust ; aghbar, 

Siaxc ghibtay Beatitude; title of a 

)amc ghabect, dromedary-saddle 
for riding. 

^^yt ghabn, fraud, deceit. [ ii3sc 

^li^li ^c ghabn fdhish, gross 
fraud, " hjslon.*^ 

^Uc ghabdniyy cashmere cloth. 

^a£ - 2^U£ ghabdwUy stupidity ; 
ghabhjy stupid. 

j[^^ - ^j^ -/?^ ghajar, or 
ghajariy, pi. aghjdr (Persian), 
fortune - teller, gipsy, cheat ; 
shameless buffoon. 

%js, gliudila, gland^ tonsil; "goitre/^ 

jSt ghadara, he deceived, de- 

jSc ghadvj fraud, " concussion '' in 
French law. \^j^ - ^^ "jv^ 
ij\sc ghadddra, pistol. 

c-i^lj^ ghaddreef, vertebra). 


1*3^ ghadd (provincial. Bedouin), 

he came. 
St or \sc ghadd (or ghad), morn* 

ing, midday meal. 

\sc ghaddn, to-morrow. 

(^iXiu taghadda, he ate at midday ; 

]i3sc ghazdj he nourished. 

hst] . >ltisc ghizd, pi. a^hziya, 
food, nourishment. 

^sio taghazza, he took nourish* 

^y: - ijC ghurray pi. ghurar, beauty ; 

new moon, first day of lunur 

^]jC - ^cl agharr, (femin.) gharrd, 

shining, glorious. 
pljill ^^^1 esh-shariy^a el-ghart'd, 

the glorious sheriat, or Divine 

Moslem Law. 

j^jC - ^fi gh array he deceived; 
ghoroor, deceit. 

^^yU maghroor, deceived; self- 
deceived, vain. 

jic] ightarray he was deceived. 

j\jC ghirdr, sack. 

^jjC gharaba, he disappeared^ 
went abroad, or westward ; tha 

^^i qliOToo\>> Vbxwv-^^^** 


( 192 ) 


^J:, gharb, west; salivation. 
^^ gharhiy, western. 

jj^l el-gharh, the West ; Algarve 
in Portugal. 

-jy«!l •j-A^y© Tardbolus el-gharb, 
Tripoli West (in Africa). 

IkJiL - ii^jC- Olvarbiya, the central 
and largest province of Lower 
Egypt; capital^ Tantd. 

>[jjt - <^-^j^ ghareebj pi. ghorabd, 
strange^ foreign, extraordinary. 

LLc - 4->]^ ghordb, crow, raven, 
bolt ; ghardba, strangeness. 

i^.*jujL*m1 istaghraba, he was 

«.^j^ maglirib, place or hour of 
sunset; west. 

ij^LiL-o - ^jJt^^ maghribiy, pi. 
maghdrba. Moor, Moorish. 

Jlj^c - JjyC gharbala, he sifted; 

ghirbdl, sieve. 
djt gharrada, (the bird) warbled. 

jj2> gharaza, he stuck, it ran 

^mmLc - vjrv^ gharasa, he planted ; 
ghirdsj a planting. 

LjT']/^' ~ L/V^ (//ittr^, pi. aghrds, a 
plant, shoot. 

iJLJ • i/^r^ ghroosh (Turkish for 
Arabic qirsh), piastre, 2id. 
(*' groschen '' ?) . 

fjijC gharidajhe desired, aimed at. 

^Lcl - (jijc gharad, pi. aghrdd, 
desire, aim, object in view; 
malice, prejudice. 

{joff^ moghrid, prejudiced, partial* 

l/yS. 'J^f- gharghara, he gargled ; 

gharghara, a gargle, 
u-i^ gharafa, he ladled. 

u-i;C - iiji ghorfay pi. ghoraf^ 
pool, cell, cavity. 

di^ mighrafa, ladle, scoop. 

Xjc ghariqa, he sank, was drowned, 
or wrecked. 

r^l aghraqa, he made sink, 
drowned ; flooded a field. 

^JJol ingharaqa, it was flooded, 

ijyu^^ he was overwhelmed; it 
was exaggerated; it occupied 
much time. 

^jC gharaq, act of sinking, drown- 
ing, shipwreck, flooding a field. 

jf>^ ghareeq, drowned. ghdrooqa, a ruinous form of 
mortgage ; '* antichrese/^ aban- 
donment of the usufruct to a 

i&fC ghoria, prepuce. 

^ gharima, he owed mcney. 

>]j£ gharrama, he fined, made pay. 

fjJo taghreem, imposition of a fine. 

ZJjjt ghardma, money fine. 

>U,£ - ^^jb. gharcevi, pi. ghoramd, 

creditor; debtor. 

^Lx ghardm, passionate love, 

^^jC gharia^ he coveted. 

jjf^l aghra, he. excited desire, 
tempted, seduced. 


( 193 ) 


^UxjJ^t sLcl a^hrdho esh-shaitdn^ 
the Devil tempted him. 

f-lx) ighrdj temptation, seduction. 

>Lc ghird,g\im.j glue; covetousness. 

Ijc^'c or jx ghazza or ghazghaza, 
he pushed in, plunged, thrust, 

5^ Ghazza, Gaza in Palestine. 

5.|fc ghazdra, abundance. 

Jj-x ghazalay he spun (wool, 
cotton, &c.) 

J^ ghazl, spun yarn. 

iSfc gliazliya, native stuff of silk 
and cotton mixed. 

J 'iU mighzal, spindle. 

Jijc ghazalj courtship, love poem. 

J; 'Jo taghdzala, he flirted with, 

^i^ . JJ^i ghazdl, pi. ghizldn, 

Jj^ lJ; ^^^ ghazdl, parchment. 

\^ gimzdf he raided, attacked the 

Sh-c or i^jc ghaziva, or ghazdt, 
raid, '^razzia.'' 

«h-c - (jrf'-c ghdzi, pi. ghozdtj 
Moslem raider, champion of 

-c;l»c - X) jlc ghdziya, pi. ghawdziy 
a professional dancing girl of 
Upper Egypt; an obsolete gold 


(J*mx or {J^ ghasala or ghassala, 
he washed linen, a corpse, &c. 

JjgJLc! ightasala^ho washed himself. 

Jomc ghasJ, or ghusi, a washing; 

a religious bathing of the whole 

body after certain pollutions. 

compare wodoo, ^5^^ 

JjMjx ghasool, washing a dead body 

for burial. 

Jl-JLmjx gha^eely washed; hence, 
clothes for the wash. 

ULiX -. Jl*i^ ghaaadl, (femin.) 
ghassdla, washerman. 

(Ju*Ji^ maghsal, laundry, lavatory. 

J^IjU?^ oghassiljB. washer of corpses. 

,iic ghashsha, he cheated, adul- 
terated, falsified. 

^i2:c ghlshsh, fraud, adulteration. 

ijSiylM maghshoosh, adulterated 
(article); bad (coin). 

>U#ix - >j^. ghasheem, pi. ghosha- 

md, novice, awkward; recruit, 
a numbering off in drill, "by 

aXLc ^^UII almds ghashcem, rough 

Avlc ghashoom, ignorant, ' naif,^^ 

jbJ^.I . ^Ltx ghishd, pi. aghshiya, 
membrane, sheath. 

_mL£ ghushia^ he fainted. 

^UmX ghashayduy a fainting. 

X ghasaba, he used force, 
violated, ravished. 

ic ghasb, violence, force. 

^ u^ ghasbdn ^an, in spite of. 

v^Loifl - Cy^.^'if.l ightasaba, lie 
ravished ; tg/<((«d6^ t%?^^* 


( 194 ) 


^y^ - ^jj^ ghosn, pi. ghosoon, 
branch, bough. [c J 

ac ghadiba, he was angry. [ Jx: 

ac ghadabj anger. 

ac or ^Jj^ ghadbdnoT ghadoob, 

Juic L,,;j^< maghdoob ^aleih, object 
of wrath. 

ail aghdaba, he provoked to 
anger, vexed. 

Jjy-fl-c ghodroof, pi. 
ghaddreefj cartilage, vertebra. 

^^^-fic • ^^^ ghadan, pi. ghodoon, 
fold, wrinkle. 

^^fiJI 4j;^^ 15*^ glwdoon esh'shahr, 
in the course of the month. 

LjIoc . Lc ghatta, he snored ; (/Aa- 
^6e^, a snoring. 

(^ji^Lfi ghatrasha, (colloquial) he 
connived at, shut his eyes to. 

IJ**1qc or ^nJoc ghatasa, or ghattasn, 
he plunged (another) into water, 

^i**-JaiI or ^^Uac ghitds or taglitees, 
a plunging; baptism; Epiphany. 

^^kjL< mightas, tank for washing. 

^ac or Ufl£ ghatd, or ghaita, he 
covered, put the lid on. 

^bjo taghatta, he covered or veiled 

JuLcl . >Uac ghitdj pi. aglitiya, 
lid, cover. 

moffhatta, covered; having 
ir j/iqfara, (God) pardoned. 

jinL*»] istaghfara, he asked (God^s) 

^1 ^^aJLjLmI Astaghfir TJUah, May 
God pardon me ! Heaven for- 
bid! You are too compli- 

lyM or ^j/fti ghofrdn, or maglifira, 
God^s pardon. 

j[At or ^^ ghafoovj or ghaffdr, 
God the Pardoner. 

^^jiii li>^jamm ghafeer, a vast crowd. 

S.lfti or ^ftc ghafar, or ghafdra, 
the system of night-watch by 
peasants; post or beat of a 
night- watchman. 

>Kic ^ yJ^ ghafeer, pi. ghqfard, 
night-watchman. This word is 
officially spelt khafeer. Lji-^ 

ii^ mighfar, helmet. 

Ji£ ghafala, he was negligent, 

JiUj taghdfala, he was unready ; 
shammed carelessness. 

ilic or {JsLc ghafcJj or ghafla, 

SIa^] ^Ic ^ala Ughafla, suddenly, 

by surprise. 

JiiU ghdJU, negligent, careless. 

iJic ghaftoa, a doze, nap, siesta. 


Jlil — J^ ghUl, spite ; ighldl, 
fraud, deceit. 

Jit - iic ghalla, pi. ghildl, corn, 
cereals ; revenue, crop. 

J|lfUUM\ xsttciMdZ, onpymcnt of a 


( 195 ) 


^^ ^^m^Ac ghaldba ^ala, be con- 
quered, got the mastery over. 

(wJUJi inghalaba, hf was con- 

^^ L-,JlAJ taghallaba 'ala, he in- 
fluenced^ mastered. 

lAc ghaldba, victory; jabber, 

jflXjJx ghalahaliq (in Turkish pro- 
nounced qdlabdliq) , row, crowd, 

j^^ULc ghalahdwiy, a jabberer, 

^jUl£ ghalbdriy conquered ; wrong ; 
poor, pauper. 

(wJ'^ ghdlib, conqueror; proba- 
bility, majority. 

L^liJI ^J or ull£ ghdlibdn, or fi 

l-ghdlib, probably. 

w^Ji^t a^hlabf more probable ; 

iuudcl aghlabiya, majority, pre- 

^^t] aghlaboluym, most of them. 

Aji\ aaaIcI aghlabiyat el-ad/rd, 
majority of votes. 

^ JliU - v.»»>U^ maghloob, defeated; 
maghloobiya, defeat. 

^i**juyjjyJU ghdleebsees, lamium pur- 

^jc^c or ,iJic ghilis, cad, snob, 
vulgar fellow. 

^LmoIc ghahavia, uvula, pharynx. 

]eXt ghalita, ho made a mistake, 
was in error. 

iiLlf or Ulc ghalat, or ghalta, error, 
mistake. [»lk»- 

^UaU ghalidny in error, mistaken. 

iilaif ghtlza, coarseness, vulgarity. 

Holt ghildza, coarseness, thick- 

^Ic . ]aAt ghaleez, pi. jghUdz, 
coarse, thick, massive. 

ii^ . i^lt ghildf, sheath ; ghidfay 


jfUl or jfl£ or jfU ghalaqay or 

ghaUaqa, or agldaqa, he shut, 
closed. [Ji5 

sU ghaJaq, small basket, pannier. 

jfLl« or Ji^liU maghlooq, or mogh- 
laq, shut, closed; dark. 

jfU^ maghlaqy enclosure, barn; 

jAc or jlc ghalam, or ghtdma^ 

sexual lust. 

^Ug. - Ac gholdrriy pi. ghilmdn, 

lad, small boy. 

juUlc ghaleena (Greek), calm; 
gentle wind. 

^JU - >lc ghald, dearth, dearness; 
glialiy dear, expensive. 

tJ^ - \^ ghala (the water) 
boiled; yighli, it boils. 

icl or ^Jic ghaUa, or aghla, ho 
made boil, he boiled. 
^Ulc ghalaydn, ebullition. 

L]Lc ghalldya, kettle. 

( 196 ) 


MyAC . jlU ghainm, pi. glioiiiooin^ 

Avi^ maghmooTn, saddened^ sad. 

iXAC ghamada, he sheathed; ghimd, 
a sheath. 

^^Ac ghamara, he covered over. 

S^ ghamra, abandance^ great 

J.«UJ or jj^ ghamaza, or taghd- 
maza, he winked at, connived. 

iy^ ghamza, wink, hint, conni- 

jUc ghamdz, trigger. 

^M^ ghamasaj he soaked, dipped. 

^^oAi ghamas, bleamess, weakness 
of eyes. 

^^oAX. ghamada, ho shut his eyes, 
kept dark, connived at. 

^<U ghdmid, dark, obscure, 

£4^ ghomqy depth. [jf^*^ 

jf^lc ghdmiq, deep. [^^ 

^Ic ghamma, he covered. 

Jlc ghunj, indecent posturing or 

d^-^ar^ taghannajet, she solicited 
by her gait. 

•iVic ghandar, foppishness, co- 

ij^t^Ac - f^43a^ ghandooTj fop ; ghan- 

doora, immodest woman. 
.iVJUJ taghandara, he flirted. 
iubJof ghanghareena (European), 

Jucl or Jlc ghanimay or ighianama^ 
he took booty, profited by. 

J'Jlc - ^4jJlc ghaneema, pi. ghand- 
yim, booty, spoil. 

Jjt] - Jlc ghanam, pi. aghndtn, 


aUc ghanndm, shepherd. ^\^^J 

It or ^Uc ghand, or ghina, 
wealth, luxury. 

^Luc! . /yis ghaniy, pi. aghniyd^ 

rich, wealthy. 

^ ^ijou-l istaghna a^n, he was 

rich enough to do without, ho 
dispensed with. 

^Ul - Vic . Syi ghinwa, or ghind, 
pi. aghdniy song. 

^iiu or ^-ic ghanna, or taghanna, 
he sang. 


^jU^ moghanni, singer. 

v±^Uc or c^*c gfA^^, or ghiyds, 
help, succour, salvation. 

ilUI - kUs\ aghdsa, he helped, 
rescued ; ighdsa, rescue. 

v±i>Uju*l iataglidsa, he cried for 

S.'x - jJt, {ghor) ghdra, raid, in- 
cursion. [}j^ 

5.U« -lie flfAar, or maghdra, cavern. 
t*» >L^rM ^ (7Aot(;awAaf, glass bracelets. 

j^*c ghavrwasKa, he jabbered, was 

^^ (/A^^, a plunging, diving. 

kuc gr/t^/, a depression, hollow, 

Lj!x ghdyit, foeces. 

( 197 ) 

)oyo iugliawwata, he went to stool. 

laj^ ghavwet, deep. 

^jUaJx - Isjx ghaitf pi. gheetdn, 
field, lowland. 

5c l£ or *U.x ghoghd {gdgha^ gavgd), 
row, tumult. 

^JL^ - Jy^ {/AooZ, pi. gheelduj vam- 
pire, foul demon. 

(Jiljc - SlJx ghdyila, pi. ghawdyil, 

^^ ghawa, he lost his way, 

,__^^l aghwa, he led astray, seduced. 

Sjlt (7^ /?^a, desire, error, seduction; 
flock of decoy pigeons. 

L— ;U£ or w^f ghaib, or ghiydb, 
absence, aZ/bt*. 

iui: gliaiha, or gheeba, absence ; 

iw^JUII Ac or Wi ghmbdn, or 
a7a l-ghdyib, a knowing iy 
heart, Qsa^ 

C«^x glidyib, absent, absentee, 
defaulter ; third person in 

UfW^ - ^]^Lji: ghiydbiy, or (/A/ya- 
biydn, by default (legal term). 

uJo or V— ;'x ghdba, or taghay- 
yaba, he absented himself, dis- 

mutaghayyib, absentee. 



u^c ghayyaba, he made dis- 

L-j'x - Lli ghdba, forest; ghdb, 
reeds, rushes. 


ghaiSf rain as a blessing 
from God. 

ijj<t ghaira (or gheera), jealousy; 

jyjkc ghayoor, jealous, zealous. 

^Ul or j\t ghdra, or taghdyara, 
ho was jealous. 

Jjkc ghiydr, otherness, change, 

yjLc ghair, other, another, difierent ; 

not, except, without. 

^Xe^ jjkt ghair saheeh, not true. 

»^ i ^ wa Id ghair oh, only he, 
and no other but he. 

CJl!(3 ^^ ^j^ or jjjM) bi-ghair (or 
min ghair) zdlik, without that. 

ij^ jxL ghair marra, more than 

jkt ghayyara, he made change, 

j^iotaghayyarayit became changed. 

jfli* moghdyir, contrary, opposed 

^Ufljx - k>£ ghaity pi. gheptdn, 
field, lowland. [b^ 

tUc or laJL^ ghaiz, or ghiydz, anger. 

yjx] or bliol inghdza, or ightdza, 
he became angry. 

Xl^lcl . i^'x) aghdza, he made angry ; 
ighdza, provocation. 

bLji^l ightiydz, anger. 

iljx gheda, guile, treachery. [iU^ 

JJLc - I)J*x ghdyila, pi. ghawdyll, 
calamity. [J^c 

wi: - ^ ghaim, pi. ghoyoom, 
cloud, ^\^^ 

( 198 ) 


jjJU moghayyam, clouded over. 

U^ ghayydj he set up a staff^ flag^ 

iAc ghdya, limits extremitj^ aim^ 
end in view. 

h\jo hi-ghdyay extremely, exces- 

lIAIj h\Ji li-ghdya zalik, as far as 
that, to that end. 

; Fe. Value = 80. 

J'jy - 1— i fa, and, then *, faqdlaj 
and he said. 

CLsy - KsJi fdta, he passed (see 

^y . ^ fdha, it exhaled a smell 

(see fdh) . 

j^ - ^li /ara, it began to boil 
(see for) . 

^I^JLi - jVJ /(ir, pi. feerdn, rat, 
mouse ; a carpenter^s plane. 

^ - "Jifdrr, a fugitive (see/arra). 

yj0,^p^^jJ^fd8j pi. /o-oo« (femin.), 
pick-axe, adze; the town of 
Fez in Morocco. 

yj^ • ^i fdqcLy it surpassed (see 

M) - 

^}jJ . jLi /dZ, pi. fo'ol, a good 
omen taken from a good name, 
word, book, &c. 

J\^ tafddla, he sought a good 

joi . i jJU fdyiduj advantage (see 

j^}y^ Febi'dyir (European), Feb- 
K£^ fatta, he broke up small. 

yX^^Jlifateetj small, tiny, fragment. 

•• • M 

tafattata, it was broken up 

JU fataha, he opened, began ; 

JjJxJ\ iftataha, he opened (an 

assembly) , inaugurated. 

^Si • Jj fat-hj pi. fotoohj open- 
ing; victory. 

ilZZaA wa fat'hun qareeb, Help 
from God and a speedy vic- 
— h^fat-ha, orifice; vowel-sound 
of short a, the mark ^ above a 
letter. [i^ 

iuo or — .Ui or Ji fdtih, or fattdh, 



or mofattihy Conqueror; God, 
he who opens salvation, or a 
conquered country. 
^^ or JU ^y Ion fdtih, or 
maftooh, light tint or colour. 



Mohammad el-Fatih, 

Mehemet II. of Turkey, the 

Conqueror of Constantinople, 

A.n. 1453. 
^)Ji] JJl^ mofattih el - ahwdb, 

God, the opener of the doors 

(of salvation). 
itfrli fdtiha, the first short or 

opening chapter of the Koran, 

corresponding to our Lord's 



'( 199 ) 

iL*Aar ^Ixul iftitah el-jaha, tho 
opening of a sitting of a Court. 

^UoLmI istiftdhj the opening of a 
day's work; a shopkeeper's 
first sale or money taken in 
in the morning. 

J\suo - — Ui^ miftdhj pi. mafdtih, 
^ key. 

m .1 h rfi < ^Ua^ miftdh mo8tana\ 
false key. 

_yLL« maftooh, opened, open, light 
tint ; a consonant marked with 
fat 'ha. 

jii fitr^ half a span, from thumb 
to fore-finger. \~j^ 

Jli fatir, lukewarm, tepid. 

5.yli fdtoora (European, fattura), 
sample of cloth. 

^^^^iJLJ fattasha, he inspected, 

t^Jj^Aj - ^ilCJoftS tafteesh, pi. /a/d- 

<e6's/i, inspection; the area of in- 
spection, duty of an inspector. 

i£j^ mofattish, inspector, 
jfii fataqa, he split open. 

Jp^ fatq, rupture, split; hernia, 
^j'jli ^/t<2> hernia, 

.^11 jfii ^ sS. ratq wa fatq el- 
omoor, tho shutting and open- 
ing, i.e. the transaction of 
business. [cf. la>. ^ Isjui 

L^ \i}JLi fatalca hi, he attacked^ 
wounded, killed. 

^IXjS fatk, violence. 

JJLi fatala, he twisted^ made 

{JSjS • iLui fateela, pi. fatdyil, 
thread, wick, cord. 

^^1 or ^ fatana, or aft ana, ho 
excited to revolt, stirred up, 

ijjS Jitna, plot, sedition. 

[sagacity = juLj 

^Jj^ moftin, plotter, demagogue. 

ixJS fotna, acacia blossom. 

^^yJLk^ maftoon, excited, seduced, 

>lii/(xfa, youthfulness. 

^J^ - ^J}i fata, pi. ftydn, lad, 
boy, brave youth. [i<i^ 

ClA-ajLJ - SUi fatdt, pi. fataydt, 
girl, maidservant. 

^^^^ « ijAjli fdtiya, pi. fawdti, 

Syli fotoowa, youth, brave exuber- 
ance of male youth. 

AiUit ^y>i fotoowaUu efendim, a 
Turkish title applied in ad- 
dressing letters to junior ofB- 
cials, captains, lieutenants, &c. 

^^ISi - ^5yii fatwa, pi. fatdwa, or 
fatdwi, a jurist's decision in 
Moslem sacred law. 

^^Iq/l{a,hegavea decision or/ait(;a. 

^Ji^ mufti, Moslem judge who 
delivers the /a<M;a, jurisconsult. 

_aa!Li) istafta, he asked the mvjii 
for B, fatwa. 

^J f'ih ^^ripe (fruit) . [see p^ 
""jf^Jh ravine. 


( 200 ) 


Wli or la:* /«i«, or /o/a, he sur- 
prised, caught in the act. 

t> • .. . t 

iJW fojdtdn, suddenly. [SLo 

^^ or^ /(?;>, or/fl;r, or fijriy a, 
dawn; aurora; bugle-call of 

^5-»* or ^ac* /djr, or fojoor, de- 
bauchery, libertinism. 

j^^i fdjir, debauchee. 

Jla* - Jas* fiji, radish; fajjdl, 


••ti ^j 

Z\a:^ fajjdla, greengrocers; market 
gardens; a suburb to the N.B. 
of Cairo. 

or C^oc* or c:^^ fahata, or 
/aAasa,or/aAara,he dug. [ji^ 

or j^^i«* fohsh, or fahshd, 
lust, prostitution. 

tlt»'\i fdhish, outrageous, glaring, 

^ilL^U ^^4^ taman fdMsh, an 
. outrageous price. 

LT^^ {J^ (//irtfc^t fdhish, gross 
fraud, lesion. 

1 J - ii^^li fdhialia, pi. fawd- 
hishy prostitute. 

/(f7/i«, scrutiny. 

^^^poi*^ or ^jo^ faliaaa, or tafahhasa, 
he scrutinised, inquired care- 
fully into. 

J*ac* - ij^fd^il} pl.fohool, stallion, 
he-camel; male palm; fine and 
large specimen. 

ij*0yo^ J^ fahl jdnvooe, a fine 

^jLu J^/ald basal J a largo onion. 

Zys^ folioola, virility. 

^^- fSs^fah7n,'pl.folioom, charcoal, 

f^j^ fs^ faJim hajariy, mineral 

^^ fdhim, black (hair), black as 


^l^-ac* fahwd, sense, meaning of 

fc' fakhkha, a trap, snare. 

JuL^li fdkhUa, a cooing dove, 

Jl^' - Ju.*i fakhd, pi. afkhd^i 
(femin.), thigh; leg (of mutton) . 

ij\^ fakhkhdra, pottery, china. 

ij^[i fdklioora, a pottery, place 
for making pots. 

ijj^fakheera, hole, pit, depression. 

^ OTjsJS or jss^\ or jA^fakhara, 
or iftakhara, or fdkhara, or 
tafakhkhara, he boasted, took 
pride in, showed off. 

j[s^i] iftikhdr, pride, boasting. 

fakhfakha, he bragged, 

*-.«Lak* fakhdma, illustriousness, 
pomp, pride. 

^IJUli* fakhdmeUu, Turkish title 
for a Prime Minister; Grace or 

^^^ or ^^s.^ fahheem, or mofakh" 
kham, illustrious. 

iAe, 2^i>.Jujia* Z^d dawlafakheema, 
ofiicial Turkish title for any 
European Power, " the illus- 

( 201 ) 


trious state/' in contradis- 
tinction from dawlat ^aliya, 
Turkey^ the Exalted State. 

^i>lji or iisi] . ^tji fedddn, pi. 
afdina, or fadddeen, Egyptian 
acre^ a little larger than an 
English acre ; i.e. 166 rods 
instead of 160; 4200 square 

^jSifidn, one fedd&n. 

hsi or 1ji Jidd, or fidiya^ ransom. 

K]jj fazlaka, sum total^ summary^ 

^- J»/arra,hefled; yo/irr, he flees. 
j]J firdr, flight, escape. 

ft tf w 

.Li or JS fdrr,OTfarrdr^ a fugitive. 

J^l -J^ ii;aZZa cl-Jirdr, he fled, took 
to flight. 

\}jbb jj farra hdribdn, he fled as a 
fugitive {e.g. from justice). 

Euphrates and Tigris. 

^IJI— Ut El'Furdtdn, the two 
Euphrates, t.e. the Euphrates 
and Tigris; Mesopotamia. 

^ji farraja, he opened, laid bare. 

-p.yAj tafarraja, he opened his 
heart, amused himself, walked 
about sightseeing. 

AAc -p,yl afro j a 'anho, he released 
(him, a prisoner), set him at 
liberty, E^^^^:!^ ^' 

i^]Jferdja, Turkish lady's cloak. 

ij^\i farajiya, a Cadi's loose robe. 

^1^ - ^^y furrooj, pi. fardreej, 

chicken, hen. Lu/ 

lW^I^ /arar/iy, chicken- seller. 

is^ forja, a show, sight. 

^^y - ^/ /<3^r/, pi. /oroo/, fissure, 
cleft, vulva. 

^^faraj, joy, relief. 

-p.]^l infirdj, a being wide open. 

jL^-^aJLo ^^^h zdwiya munfarija, 
obtuse angle. 

^yi fariha, he was glad, gay. 
^J\ or ^ J farraha, or afraha, 

he gladdened. 
^ J far ah, gaiety; wedding fete. 

^jl^ J or ^jifarihf or farhdn, glad, 


-.^Lo mofrihy gladdening. 

^j^ - ^Jfarkh, phfirdkh, chicken, 


^l-.ftJI Jwkic« maa'maZ d-firakh, 
incubator, oven for the artificial 
hatching of chickens. 

^1 -flj tafreekh, a hatching, 

^j^ *Jfarkh waraq, a sheet of 

^1^ farrdkh, poulterer. 

Jjii or Jlyl - t^ji fard, unit, odd 
number, one piece, bale, basket, 
half -load; pi. afrdd, units, 
forood, pieces. 

J^ • di fard u jdz, odd and even. 

L^ulb di ford tdbanja, a pistol. 

4VJU - «JJ/ fareeda, pi. fardyid, 
pearl ; quire of paper. 


( 202 ) 


d^jAj] infirdd, isolation^ solitude. 

i^^oJU) or i>^ mofrad, or rnonfarid, 
alone^ solitary; koptapai*t; the 
singular number. 

^j»^d]jJ - \^3^*^j^ firddws, pi. 
farddees (Persian), Paradise. 

jji farz, choice, selection. 

j^ OT j^ faraza, or farraza, he 
chose, picked out, distinguished 

Jj^ ^^J^J^ imafi'ooz, or viofarraz, 
chosen, elite. 

^^jiil or ^-* J farcLsa, or iftarasa, 
(the animal) was ferocious, 
spirited ; (the dog) flew at. 

iutj^ fareesa, prey, victim (to a 

wild beast, &c.). 
L/*]/' - ^^j^ faros, pi. afrds, mare. 

^LiJ - \JV^ f^^^^y pl« foradn, 
cavalier, good horseman. 

hJ^fardsa, skill in horsemanship; 
jirdsa, sagacity. 
-juJl (^/^ far as en-nabiy, the 
Prophot^s mare; mantis insect. 
iiy\J fawdriSf cavalry. 

iji^ Fors, Persia, the Persians. 

*j*-«^U fdrsiy, a Persian, Persian. 

»j0jxA^ moftaris, fierce, spirited 

(animal) . 
liji fa rasha, ho furnished a house, 

laid down carpets, bedding; 

spread out articles for sale; he 


Lrj/"* " <jy^ farsh, pi. foroosh, 
bed, bedding. 

iji^ - lA^jifi^^^^^h pl'forosh, bed; 
a wifo; /anUh, moth. 

^^1^ farrdsh, sweeper, valet; 

upholsterer, decorator for fes- 
iii^furslia (Turkish ^rcAa), brush, 

\:L>\Ji*^jjLo mafrooshdty furniture, 
especially soft furniture, uphol- 
stery, carpets, &c. 

Xlac*' iJi\jJ fardshat eU^ajaJa, 
tire of wheel. ^^J^ 

fjc^ - i^^ forsa, pi. /ora«, oppor- 

i^CjSii] JfU^ intahaza el-forsa, he 
took the opportunity. 

(joS^jil] 6jcj^ morta'yid el-fardyis^ 
trembling with fear. 

(j^^j9 - {jCjifard, pl.forood, Divine 
precept; moral obligation, duty, 
share ; tax. 

iiJ forda, notch, inlet. 

^^'J - i^^ farecda, pi. fardyidj 
inheritance, share of inheritance. 

(jiys) or ^jcji farada, or iftarada^ 
he supposed, allowed a supposi- 

C/'l/**' 'iftirdd, hypothesis. 

(jc^^A^ mafrood, supposed, hypo- 

)o^ farata, he surpassed. 

)o^fart, excess, negligence ; death. 

)c\J\ if rat, excess, abuse of authority. 

laj^iJ tafrecty omission of duty, 
falling short, imprudence. 

)o^ mofrit, excessive. 

)ojii] ayi )dj9 farata fihi cl-fartj ho 

met with a fatal accident. 
a^^c^fara\ ^\,forooa\ branch. 


( 203 ) 


x^J fara'iy, incidental, minor 
(detail) . 

iicj^ . ^f-f Fira^oon, pi. Fard^yinay 

Pharaoh, tyrant. 

cyJ faragha, it was empty; he 
was at leisure. 

cLi fardgh, emptiness, leisure, 

Gj\i fdrighf empty, idle, bootless 

ajJ or c^l afragha, or fm^ra^ha, 

he emptied, ceded, unloaded. 

GjSLXm] istafragha, he vomited. 

l5/* ^' O^ faraqa, or farraqa, 
he divided, separated, distin- 
guished between; distributed. 

^ faraqa, he withdrew himself, 

j^jJ - ^ /ar^, pi. forooq, 
difference, line of parting, se- 
paration; synonym. 

isJJuo or ^]ji Jirdq, or mofdraqa, 
departure, separation. 

^ji - iSji firqa, pi. Jiraq, division 
or corps of army, sect, con- 
gregation; set. 

jfj> i farecq, General of Division, 
Lieut.- General. 

U^j^ /orja/i, distinction between 
good and evil; the Koran. 

r^iJL* mutafarriq, various, dis- 
persed, scattered. 

«Ai or «J^ farqa^a, or faqa'a, it 
exploded, burst, cracked. 

hi^i farqa^a, explosion^ a crack- 


Si^^rji'ZZa, a whip of twisted cords. 
ciJ^ faraka, he rubbed, rubbed 

to pieces. 
\jjji fark, friction. 

\JJj3 firk, conjugal hatred. 
CJjy/areefc, corn-cake. 
j^ji farama, he minced, chopped. 
a]j^ farrdm, professional cutter of 

^^^Lo mafroom, mince. 

CL>ljU^-^U-i/arma)i, pl.farmdiuit 
(Persian) , Imperial order, brevet, 
or letters patent. 

J[^ — ^^J^i forth, oven, bakery ; 

farrdn, baker. 
C-Xi^il or ^J^l or J^ f^an^y or 

(ifranj, or afrank, Prankish, 
European, Europeans. 

LJ^ - c/j'-mjJ Fransdmy, Prench, 
Prenchman ; Fransd, Prance. 

^c^[MtJji ylh binto fransdwiy, a 
napoleon or 20 {vingt, venti) 
franc piece. 

dJbji farhada, he alarmed, con- 
founded, prostrated or over- 

itMb^ farhada, confusion, nervous 

JUby-a-^ mofarhad, confounded, 

i^ji furwa, fleece, fur. 

iSy^ forwiya, a furry article, fup 
cloak, judge's robe. 

s]jxi] or hS Jiriya, or iftird, lie, 

^jJUl iftara, he slandered. [ 

^j-^iLo moftari, slanderer. 

• •- 

•• • 

( 204 ) 


^y - i^Jlra, abundance (see wafr). 
jxi) or ji fazza, or iftazza, he 
leaped, trembled. [jJb 

ij$ fazza, a jump. 

jAXm] istafazza, he provoked. 
G^faza', fright. 

UT"* pj^ /cwfa' mdiy, hydrophobia, 

fear of water. 
^^ aji faza'a ^ala, he rushed at, 

attacked. tury 

iJ^y)Jo - ^ fesj fez, red cap, 

JPLmj ^«^/2, fustuq, pistachio. 

^UmJ fistdn (Turkish), petticoat; 

^mJ fasoha, it was spacious. 

a^'-M-i or 4X3:**** fo8-ha, or fasaha, 
an open space, or room. 

^MgiJ tafassaha, he strolled, took 
his ease, promenaded. 

vmJ fasdkhay he abolished. [y«I 

^mJ faskh, abolition, dissolution 
of contract. 

^kmi faseeWij dried stinking fish, 
mostly from Damietta, and 
considered a great relish by 
the fellaheen. 

/ylsi*^ fasakhdnhj, seller of fa- 
seekh, or rotten fish. 

t)LiJ fasdd, moral corruption, in- 
trigue, conspiracy, nullity. 

cWil af8ada,he corrupted, vitiated. 

SMtiucmofsid, corrupter, conspirator, 

^M*i or^^Mii faaara, or fassaray he 
explained, commented upon. 

jAmUJ ^jXmAJ tafseevy pi. iafdseer, 

XftjJf ^^.A« - I^ILmiJ Fosidtf a large 
tent; the first Moslem settle- 
ment at Cairo ; Masr 'Ateeqa, 
or Old Cairo near Boda. 

r^ Jf*Mj fasaqa bi, he fornicated 
with; sodomised with. 

r^ J^mJ fisq bi, indecent assault 

(legal term). 
JuamJ fisqiya, tomb ; fountain ; 
^^ jet d'eau.'^ [^'>^ 

{Jj^ faslf vile, vulgar. 

hiysJ fasooliya, French beans. 

KJjJli or ^lAjiAi or VilA.l?^^ fishenk^ 
or fisheik, or fisheh (Turkish), 
cartridge ; squib ; rocket. 

\jti fdsha, it was revealed. 

^^^1 afsha, he revealed (the 

.j^JI ^Ltil i/iAa el-esrdr, a re- 
vealing of secrets, professional 
breach of confidence (legal 

(jcyt^ - Jfl* Jis8, or /a««, pi. 
fu8008, stone of a ring, lobe of 
the ear. 

^d fa8'l\y Easter. 

i^Xci fasdlxa^ eloquence. 

^j^ faseehf eloquent. [i^ 

li fasddaj he bled (surgically). 

«4>l^» ^«6Mfa, phlebotomy. 

«y.^3fl^ mifsddf lancet. [V/^ 

J^-fl> - (J-fli fcLsl, pi. fo80ol, divi- 
sion, chapter, season; dis- 
missal from office. 


( 205 ) 


JJl^ . i^J^ fcMeda, pi. fasdyil, 
species^ genos. 

Jmoo /aw a/, decision, interruption. 

Jl^U or JuM fasala, he divided, 
decided, dismissed from oflBce ; 
weaned ; bargained. 

Jl^ fisdl, bargain, agreement on 
price ; weaning, separation. 

iJJ^ fassala, he detailed. 

JmOajI infasala, he was separated; 
departed, ceased. 

J^li/a«i7, a divider, dividing. 

CL>)lj>^>fl> or JjL^UJ . JjuoftJ tafseel, 
pi. tafdseel, or tafseeldt, details, 

Jl^Ia* - Juai^ mafsil, pi. mafdsilf 
joint, articulation. 

CL>1^^ mofassildt, hinges. [s| i 

^^ fadda, he broke into little 
pieces ; ended, 

Siai fadda, silver ; one para, of 
which 40 equal one piastre or2\d, 

^-fli faddiy, silvery, made of 



»mosS\ infadda, it came to an end. 
^x^ fadeeh, atrocious, vile, [j^lai 

J^-fli - (JJa fadl, pi. fodool, sur- 
plus, favour ; a work of super- 

CJUj -^ Lai fadlan ^an zdiih, 
moreover, in addition to that, 
besides that. 

J-ii fdila, he remained ; it re- 
mained over as surplus. 

Jufli faddala, he favoured, pre- 

. . 

J«fliJ tafaddcda, he deigned, con^ 

JJLflJ - ^^y^ fadeela, pi. faddyU, 
virtue, merit. 

Jiy^ fodooliyf officious, without 

fj^[ifddil, virtuous, superfluous. 

^^^^ ^; fadldt, foeces, excrement. 

Lai /aia, it was empty, spacious. 

^1 ^^-flil a/Ja ila, it led to, 
caused. b 

CL>yii\ 1^1 ^^5-^ S^ ^^^& mtya* 
i7a Z-ww^, a blow causing death 
(legal term) ; manslaughter. 

^^gJj fddi, empty, at leisure, not 


J.Lfli or A^ faddy or faddwa^ 
blank space, areola. 

^lii ic^M O'^ddi fadd, waste or 

unoccupied lands. 

Aail or jlai fatara, or aftara, ho 
ate after fasting. 

Jiai\ oTjoifiir, or iftdr, evening 
meal during the fast of Rama- 

.•Li fotoor, breakfast, morning 

j^ futr, mushroom. 

^jiaJ fateer, unleavened bread; 
biscuit, pastry. 

/^Uai fatdtriyf biscuit- seller, 

ij^fitra, nature, constitution, 
fijbi fatasay ho amaita^^i* 


( 206 ) 

• i*,jlai fatees, expired, dead, with- 
out breath ; carrion. 

^^-t^* fatamct, she weaned (the 

h^[i UlJa^j sayyidetnd {sittnd) 
Fdtma, " Our Lady Fatma,'' 
daughter of Mahomet, wife of 
Ali, and mother of Hassan 
and Hussein. 

ij^ fitna, intelligence, sagacity. 

[iui = plot. 
^j^ fateen, intelligent. 
«^2^ fazeca', vile, atrocious. 

JUi or JIj«il - Jjo fi^al, pi. afa^dl, 
or fi'dl, the verb ; an act or 

JjiiJb or Ims jValan, or bil-fi'al, 

actually, in fact. 
JjJ fa'ala, he did, acted ; made, 

executed. Tl^*^ 

JjojI ifta^ala, ho concocted, 

£Ujiit - JUiil iftia^dl, or iftia'dia, 

trickery, intrigue. 

(Juiil infa'ala, he was aflTected, 
impressed by. 

2iU» - (Jcli fd'yil, pi. fa^ala, actor, 
doer, agent; workman; active 

iAc^S fd^yiliyaf eflGlcacy. 

fj Jy*fl-* mafa'ool hihi, done by, 

^lil - ,yt3\ afa'a, pi. afd'iy, viper. 

.*iii faghfoor, chinaware, porce- 
lain, [ij^ 

^^\dM or i>^ - Saifaqdj or foqood, 
orj^yddn, loss. 

jAsI afqada, he caused the loss. 
tyS^j fdqid, lost, missing; loser. 
Sssi faqeed, lost; especially dead, 
deceased (of a murdered man). 
O^AA^ mafqood, lost. 

cyftij tafaqqada, he searched for a 

Jost thing, inspected. 
«\ai>l iftaqada, he visited the sick. 

/^ f^i'^i poverty. 

^J^ -^rJA5 faqeer, pi. foqard, poor; 

a ''fakir.'' 
J>s^^ yjkAs faqeer cl-lidl, poor, poor 

in state. 
^ - ijxi fqra, or faqr a, -pi. fiqar, 

tale; paragraph, clause, ver- 

^j^ i>^lc a\imoodfaqdriyf spinal 
column, backbone. 

\j^ f^i^i ^ hatching, breaking 
the shell. 


{^^faqqoo8,ii kind of gourd plant, 

)aSi faqat, only, not more; that is 

all. [l; 

i]aJAso tafqeeta, the total of a sum 
written down in words, 

J^ or «A5 faqa^a, or farqa'a, it 
burst, exploded. 

iiUi - Afti yfj-A, or faqdhtty the 
dogmatic theology of the Mos- 
lems, jurisprudence. 

^l^ — ij3i faqeeh, pi. foqahd, 
theologian; teacher or reciter 
of the Koran. 

^ fiqy or figgy, vulgarism for 

( 207 ) 


CJii fahka, he unloosodj untied^ 

relieved. [Jo- 

CJylft.^ mafkooTc, loosened^ un- 

CJUlil - sLsfiiklc, pi. a/ikafc, jaw; 
an unloosing. [w^JU». 

.lilil -^ ^fcr, pi. afkaVf thought, 
opinion. [JU 

^^ fakkara^ he reminded, made 


^^iCaJ tafakkara, ho thought, re- 

^^Cijl iftakara, he thought, was of 
opinion, remembered. 

ji\j fakir, mindful, remembering, 

itKi fakdha, gaiety. 

i^ly - i^J fdkiha, pi. fawdkih, 
fruit. [^4j 

^l^j fdkihdniy, fruiterer. 


Jj /uZZ, jasmine, white scented 

J . (Ji falla, vulgarism in Upper 
Egypt toT farra, he fled. 

ij:^ falata, he ran away, escaped. 

\ji^faUata, he smuggled, allowed 
to escape. [^^ 

s.L}^ v^'y^-ft mafloot 'iydroh, broken 
or spoilt calibre (of gun). 

sj:^ falat, debauchery. 

XjoXi - ^'Xi faldtii/, pi. faldtiya, 
debauchee, blackguard; robber. 

>l>JLt) ^ *:^<]^ ^ '^^ faldtiya wa 
hardmiya wa ashqiyd, robbers, 
ruffians, brigands, &c. 

JLjLjLjL,fl,J tafleeta, contraband, 

i falaja, he split in two. 
li falj, split, one-half. 
Ji fdlijy hemiplegia, paralysis. 

^^li« maflooj, paralytic; split in- 

^li faldh, God's blessing, pros- 

i»^li faldha, tillage. [ifj/^ 


^tifalldh, peasant, "fellah.'' 

Jj fdlihf useful, beneficial. [JLe 

iJi Jiliz, bit, morsel. 
jfjJi falozaq, pudding of sugar 
and starch, gelatine. [^^^ 

^ifc Jli - i^ /fli^, pi. foloos, mite, 
atom, scale of fish ; rubbish, 

i^Ai foloos, money, cash. 

^jJUJ or ^jJi or ^^^^Jiil aflasa, or 
fallasa, or tafdlasa, he became 
bankrupt, failed. [ .L*rl 

^ij'iij or i;-jAaJ or j^^JUl ijlds, or ^o/- 
Ze;('«, or tafdlus, failure of a non- 
trader ; bankruptcy of a trader. 

^^mjJlaJ taflecsa, a bankruptcy case. 

i*k>liu!l J^j wakeel et-tafleesa, 

administrator of a bankrupt's 


UU \^li\ iflds bit-taqseer, 

simple bankruptcy of a trader. 
ji^jJjJLJU yj*>h\ iflds bit'tadlecs, 

fraudulent bankruptcy. 

^jJaLc or f^jJiut muflis, or mutafdlis, 


( 208 ) 


^jJa9 ^«3^ madeen mujlis, bank- 
rupt debtor. 

^cl>jL>i or iiutAi fihafa, or feeUafa 
(Greek), philosophy. 

i-J^Mfcl-jJ or cJ|y*JLi^Z^oq/' (Greek), 
philosopher, atheist. 

^, maS fl 1 >c mutafalsiff sophist. 

^yelil or ^jji^Jli Fldtoon, or Ifldtoon 
(Greek), Plato. 

ibili - «ij fala^a, he split ; fila^a, 

a split, slice. 

Jlili ^/J/^Z, pepper. 

{)ilifaldfil, bean paste, condiment. 

s^ falaqa^ he split open. 

istli JUqa, slice, crack in a wall, 

JiSij falaqa, a cleft stick ; stocks 
to hold the feet ; hence a pole 
and loops of string for holding 
up the soles of the feet for the 
torture of the bastinado, 

^jXil - ^jli falaq, pi. afldq, split 
trunk of a palm-tree ; beam. 

^Jjjlii^ maflooq, split, cleft open. 

\lJSi or CJIi falaica, or faUaka, 
the breast swelled out. 

CJli! - CJUli /oZaft, pi. o/afc, the 
convex sky; globe, firmament. 

vlJlifliI Jlc 'ilm el'falak, astronomy. 


I^JSi falakiy, astronomer. 

sJJM fiilh (femin.), boat. 

siJili ^ ii^Jli falooka, pi. faldyik, 
felucca, boat. 

^^iSii faldyikiy, boatman. [^^]j^ 
L£Jji4Ji Fihmieiilf, Flemish^ Holland. 

^li or J^ folduy or foldniy^ So 
and So ; such a one, a certain 
person or thing. 

y^^ faUeen, cork. 

»y 1 - ^ fum, pi. afwdhf mouth, 
orifice. [Juby 

^Uil afmdm (as if pi. of fumm), 
mouths of canals. 

^ . 

^j^yi - J^ fann, pi. foiwon, species, 
art, trickery. 

^yaJI .Ij dar eUfonoon, academy. 

^;jLaJ tafannana, he invented, 
trumped up ; was an adept. 

hjjji fantdzia (Italian), fantasia, 
a public show, rejoicings. 

^^^Ui - ^Irsai Jinjdn, -pi. fandjeen 
(Persian), cup, vulgarly pro- 
nounced ^wgfoZ OT flgdn. 


^ fannakha, he overcame, made 
a fool of. 

jUil - Sji find, pi. afnddy species ; 

t3ai fannada, he criticised, ridi- 

^i3JU - ^jJi funduq (Italian, 
fondaco), store, hotel; also bun- 
duq, (Venetian) gold sequin; 
filbert nut. 

j[ii fandr, lighthouse. 

^jN^jJly - \^f^ fdnoos, pi. fawd' 
nec8y lantern. 

yj!:j3 fanasha, he took up much 

room, swaggered. 
^ fama, it faded. 

^^Li fdnij fading, evanescent, 


( 209 ) 


p\xi fand, a fading away, a being 

^UJl j]d and ^'JaII .Ij dar el-fand, 

this lower world which passes 
away ; ddr el-haqd, the abode 
of pemnnencc, heaven, 

S^ faJid, lynx, leopard. [^ 

\JL— ^(* fihrist (Persian), index, 

iuij^ fahrasa, index, catalogue. 

£41 fahaqa, he wounded in the 
neck, half- strangled. 

^ fahima, he understood. 

^ falim, the understanding. 

^^445 or j^jL^ falicem, or fahmiy, 

^^J fdhim, one who understands. 

^•^ mafhoorrij understood; of 


^ fahhama, ho made understand, 

^^^ftiyrfl istafliama, he wished to 
understand, interrogated. 

^L^-aZ^I isttflidmy interrogatory, 

CL>ly or cuy /J^, or fawdt, a 

passing away ; interval. 

jLj*-mJI cl>1^ fawdt el'tnee'ydd, 
lapse of an interval. 

ho passes. 
K:Lyj fawwata, ho made or let pass. 

cl;u'^ tafdwut, interval of time, 
band, crowd. 

yu - \:L>\3fdtay he passed ; yafoot. 

^^ foil, exhalation of smell. 
^^ . ^li fdha, it gave out a 
good smell ; yafooh^ it smells 


-p-y fawwaha, it smelled strong, 

ijJlsl - S\ji foodd, pi. o/Wa, heart, 
soul, spirit. 

^j^ - .y for, or fawardn, ebul- 
lition, impetuosity. 

V^fawrdn, at once, quickly, forth- 

.li /ara, it began to boil ; gushed, 

2;ly fatvwdra, fountain. 
^ji^^j^fdr, pl.feerdn, mouse, rat. 
ij\i fdra, carpenter's plane. 
j^j^f^ I^dr Foot, the land of the 

Poor, Soudanese Darfour. 
J^ fozy victory, safety. 

^jj^ foziy, victorious ; proper 
name for a man. 

jli fdza, he succeeded in, escaped. 

^^>i ^^jfdyiz, interest on mouey 
(see (j^)» 

^f favnoada, he gave power op 
jurisdiction, he left a matter 
to another's judgment. 

CliljJl ^y1 Li^ and ofawividho ileik* 
I leave it to you to decide. 

^^y foda, communism, anarchy. 

^^yo tafweed, giving jurisdiction, 
delegation of power. 

JLi^Muo mofawada, community of 

-^ '^ 


( 210 ) 


by - S^i foota, pi. fo-atj towel, 

,jy/^2> ^^> upon ; above, upstairs; 
over; more than. 

T^^ fdqanixjy upper, uppermost. 

ij:^^^ y^^^ fdq taht, up down ; up- 
side down. 

^jU fdqa, he surpassed, was pre- 

jfSli fdyiq, pre-eminent, superior, 

j|lsl afdqa, he recovered health, 

became sober, wide awake. 

5jlit ifdqa, convalescence, recovery. 
y^^^ foodq, sob, death-agony. 
i}^ fool, broad beans. 

Jl^ fawwdly seller of (cooked) 

iM^ fool ay a, wild thyme, mint. 

CLj'jby - h^^ foohuy pi. foohat, 

orifice. [^ 

^i^ fowwah, madder, '^ garaiice" 

«^IaJ tafdivuh, interview, mouth to 

tJ fiyd, my mouth. 

4_ji - »li - 8y /^^'<?, /a/io and fcchi, 

his mouth. [Nom., Accus., 

^ /?6?, in, into, at, among, con- 

i}^\ ^ fl-mdya, per cent. 

5Jix ^v 5;^ 'ashara fi 'ashara, 
10 times 10. 

juSfeeh (colloquial), there is, there 

^ ^K Ajcin /A (colloquial), there 
was, there were. 

ijS feehi, in him, in it. 

yj!^ U - ^ iJ^ U ma feesh (col- 
loquial), there is not, there are 

^^\ - Ij f^^Vi pl- «/y^i shade. 

di^Uj feedty at so much; price 
(more used in Turkish than in 
Arabic) . 

dJ^faid, endurance, disappearance. 
(This verbal root is not used.) 

jilji - ii^U fdyida, pi. fawdyid, 
advantage, benefit; interest on 
money ; commentary or scho- 
liast of text ; moral to be 
drawn from a story or legal 

is^ks^ dS^^fawdyid mutajammidaf 
compound interest. 

jlil afdda, he informed ; it bene- 

SxAj yofecdyhe informs, it is useful, 

2 jlsl ifdda, information, statement; 

(JjLA^ mofeed, informer, informing ; 
useful, interesting. 

4>Uju*il i8tafdda,}iQ inquired, derived 

^ jUiAMj yostafdd min, it is 
ascertainable from. 

i^j^jJ^fc^iTooziy (Per si an, /atVoo^a), 

' turquoise. 

^xi faiz, or faid, abundance, 


( 211 ) 

^J^Lxi fayadduy overflow, flood. 

(JjuJI ^J^J^ fiiyaddn en-Neel, Nile 
in flood, time of high Nile. 

(j^J^ - (ji\i fd(Ja, it abounded; 
yafeed, it is in flood. 

jSi - )aSi - ^joiS fdyizy surplus, 

overflow, interest on money, 
often incorrectly written la?J 
and ji'i. 

^^y fawdyizy pL, interest, profits 

on money. 
^Ui - p^JljS faifa, pi. faj/dfi, 


Slui or JUil . Jjj /eeZ, pi. o/^/a^ 
or Jicda, elephant. 

Joftll ^**j «inn cl'feel, elephant's 
tooth, ivory, [ 

Myj^ Fayyoom, a province in Upper 
Egypt, a large oasis to the 
W. of the Nile. 


J Qdf. Value = 100. 

{Q. (1) A strong guttural, a k 
pronounced low down in the 
throat ; (2) sometimes unsounded, 
as a hiatus ; and (3) vulgarly, as 
a (/ in gOy get. Thus AA^to- " the 
truth,'^ haqpcqa, becomes ha-ce-a, 
or vulgarly hageega,) 

lJ^ " vJ 2* (imperative), guard 

thou ! (see waqa,) 
y.-*JU->U 2a,or taqayyd,he vomited. 
^UJ or Jj qay, or goyd, vomit, 
^^^-f^ moqayya, or moqeey, emetic. 
/ e^y^ - ^ji^^ qddin (Turkish), lady. 

i<j\S qdzma (Turkish), pick-axe. 

cJf - XcU qda'a, inner private 
room (see gJ^O- 

vji jd/, the letter qdf ; Mt. Cau- 
SUlJ qdqola, cardamum. 

JjJ - J'i gd/ct, he said (see qot), 

^J - JJ qdma, he stood (see g5/n) . 

^J - l«l3 qdma, height, stature 

(see qom). 
^J^^ qdmsKi (Turkish), whip. 

,^^'Jf qdmoos, ocean ; Arabic 

^^iJf - ^^3 qdnoon, pi. gaM;dneen, 
(Greek Icanoni), law, canon, 
code of law ; statute ; fee ; 
musical instrument like a harp- 

u JJ qdnoondn, according to law. 

^J'i qdnooniy, legal, statutory. 

ijjy'ji qdnooniya, legality. 

^J^U qdvmq (Turkish), large cap 
like a football. 

^^U qdwoon (Turkish), melon (not 
water melon). 

^ J - Jsuo J'i qdyim maqdm, locum 

tencns, lieutenant-colonel (see 

iji qabba, collar. [iJb 

Lj^J - JLaJ qubba, pi. qubah, dome, 

iJi qahwa, a little arch, vault. 

^^%jkL« moqabbab, domed, convex. 

^ qahoha, it was vile, abominable. 

qabbaha, ho stigmatised, 


( 212 ) 

* • «• 


isXfS qabdha, vileness, fault; (in 
Turkish law) a contravention, 

^JuJ qaheeh, basc^ vile. 

yfS qabara, he interred, buried the 
dead. [^J 

jy*5 ^jaS qdbr, pi. qohooVj tomb. 

J-A^ - S jkL« maqbara, pi. maqahir, 

{jOj:fi qibris, island of Cyprus. 

^»*juSI or !>**« qalasa, or iqtabaea, 
he learnt (eagerly). 

JLtjJf qobsha (Turkish, qo2ycha) , hook 
and eye. 

iV t/^ qabada fiy he seized. 

^^^flAi ga&^, seizure. 

2.^ qabda, grip, handle, hilt. 

^^^fljuul inqabada, he was costive, 

^^aL« maqboody seized; (money) 

yaSi or LaJ i^ifc^ or aqbdt, the Copts, 
Jacobite Christians of Egypt. 

^ Vi >>-f qibtiy, a Copt, Coptic ; 
Jacobite Christian ; linen. 

^•^'JJ - S-^'^J* qabqdb, pi. gala- 
jecfc, pattens, sandals. 

JoS qabala, he received, accepted. 
Jji qabbala, he kissed. [j^'^ 

Jj'JiJ or Jj'J qabala, or taqabala, 
he was face to face, met, 
equalled as a sot-off. 

Jjiil aqbala, it approached, was 

JjJumjI istaqbala, he went to meet, 

JijJf qabl, before (of time). 

Jji liT* ^^ %* qabldn, or min 

jaiZ, previously. 

JoS 2tt6Z, front part ; pudenda. 

iLjS qubla, a kiss. [^^y 

JbJLj gi6aZ, power, presence; a 
facing towards, as regards. 

aJUi ^min y/6aMAi, as regards him. 

c-i>Lsro - XluJ ji&Za, a facing towards 
Mecca for prayer ; hence the 
niche or altar- place of a mosque, 
the mihrdb. 

^AxS qibliy, south, southern. 

Sj^^ - ijijAJI ^^^ el-wajh d-qlbUij, 
the southern part, i.e. Upper 
Egypt, or Sa'eed. 

J^ i^^^ool, receipt, acceptance, 

J^ ^c *ala qabool, on the under- 
standing that ; on his accepting 
the condition. 

J*aJ j S-^^' eejdb wa qabool, offer 
and acceptance. 

Jb-jLji_jf qabecl, category, class, 

JJoSf - ibuJ qabeela, pi. qahdyil, 

tribe, " KabyleJ' 
J'i-jljI i(/6tt/, auspicious arrival, 

prosperity ; an imperial con- 
JUSjL*I istiqbdl, a welcome, a going 

out to meet ; the future. 
Jj'Jf qdbil, an acceptor, comer ; 

possible ; capable ; next or 

coming (week, &c.). 


( 213 ) 

ijJbU qdbiliyaj capability, possi- 

5LL5 qdbila, midwife, she who 
receives the new-born infant. 

JUiiU (J-jLJ yt hoa qdbil HI' 
infisdly he can be dismissed ; 
it is possible to dismiss him. 

21a5 qibala, piece of land in a 

Joft^ muqhil, coming, next (week, 

month, Ac), prosperous. 
iJoSjumw^ mustaqhil, future. 

^Jjli* moqdbil, equivalent, provided 

iUL^lLo moqdbala, an equivalent; 

quid pro quo, a set-oflf. 

J^aL* maqboolf accepted, received, 

JjUkftS taqbedy a kissing. 

iAjJ qabdna, oflScial weighing of 

^^bi qabbdn, steelyard, Roman 

^uj qabbdnhj, official weigher. 

^^i - iyfS qabwa, a little arch, vault 
(see qubba). 

^jlj^ qabooddn (European), ship 

L^l — ) ^Ij^-A-i* qabooddn Bdshd 
(Turkish), Admiral. 

)0yJ qaboot (European), capote, 

qatab, hump, load; pack. 

yl ahoo qatab, a humpback. 

fJJii qatala, he killed, put to 
death; also (provincial) ho 
" hlH/* wounded, hit. 

Wflj {JjS qatala nafsdn, he killed 
a soul, he killed a man. 

dJ^so {JjS qatala nafsaho, he killed 

ltX4X (JjS qatala ^amddn, he killed 
with intent. 

iLcHI £A**# M {JjS qatala ma^ sabq 

d'isrdr, he killed with pre' 
meditation (French jurispru- 

LUut (Jjuf qotila shanqdn, he was 
executed by hanging. 

JJi ^d^i7, murderer, killer. 

JuLa-j JJUJl el-qdtU yoqtal, the 
slayer shall be slain. 

^Jlif - L^jJiJ qatedj pi. qaUa, slain, 

JjJlS^ - Jy^ maqtool, pi. maga- 
^e6Z, slain, killed. 

JjUgra^aZa, he fought, battled with. 
Jlif qitdl, battle, mutual killing. 

s^\jS quttd, cucumber, gourd, pump- 

^liL« or cij'JU maqdtt, or maqtd, 
kitchen garden, cucumber 


J groAA, purity of race. 

Jj - is* jvVia, impudence (see 
waqih) . 

-i^la* — ixx* qahba, pi. qlhdb, 
whore; cough. 
qaht, drought. 
pic • ks* qaht wa ghald, drought 

and dearth. 
^tss^ or ^ qahama, or iqtahama, 
he rushed at, charged on 


( 214 ) 



^1^ qoliwdn, caraomilo. 

jJ qad (an emphatic particle), 
indeed, in fact. 

^Ji ji qad Tidna, and indeed it 
was so. 


d^dS - iij qadd, pi. qodood, a cut- 
ting into strips ; hence the 
human figure, stature ; a fixed 

txif qadd (vulgarism), so much, 
how much. rjj 

y^ t3i 2^dd shahr, about a month. 

jcl 43i g^rwZc? aiy, what quantity ? 
about what? 

^*>J jaif/i, criticism, blame. 

^Ul - ^cXJ qadah, pi. o^tZaA, 

goblet, cup, glass ; Egyptian 
pottle of 1| quarts, or 2 litres. 

jjJ qadara, he could; it was 

jSS] aqdir, I can, am able to. 

.oi qaddara, he estimated, valued. 

JiXSJ taqdcer, valuation, assess- 
ment ; fate, predestination ; 
meaning, hypothesis. 

jjJul iqtadara, he was capable of, 
had the power to. 

jliioJl iqtiddr, ability, capacity. 

jJoLc muqtadir, able, capable. 

.jJ go^r, fixed quantity ; power. 

jjj qadar, destiny, power, value, 
quantity ; (qadr and qadar, are 
practically the same). 

^Laij jJ gadar wa qadd, destiny 
and fate. 

.JJiJI iLi lailat el-qadr, Night of 
Power, 27th of Bamadan. 

^ICiJl jSS ^^ ^ala qadar cUimhan, 

as much as possible, to the 
utmost possible. 

SiJj qidra, saucepan, earthen pot. 

ijdJ qudra, power. 

jxsS or^*>U qddir, or qadeer, able, 

j}t}^JLo^j]*^suo77iiqddr, pi. maqddeer, 

a quantity, a certain amount. 

ijSsuo maqdara, power, wealth. 

^^jj quds, sanctity, saintship ; 
Reverend, as a title for a 

jM^jJill el-quds, the holy place, 

^^jJill <— i^jJI er-rooh d-quds, the 

Holy Ghost. 

^mmjJj qadees, holy, pious; saint. 

^^Iji qudddsj Liturgy ; the Sa- 

iT'Si qaddasa, he consecrated. 

yj0,6su% maqdi8, a holy place. 

i^tXL« ^jS hitdb moqaddas, 
Holy Bible. 

hi\*M . (/^&)ly - ^j*^^^ qddoos, pi. 
qawddees, the jars tied on the 
wheel of the sdqiya. 

J*^\ . j^si qadam, pi. aj[e7am, 

(femin.) foot. 

aJj qidem, seniority, precedence, 

m .« 



( 215 ) 

^^Iji qodddmiy, front part, the 

^^^S qadoom, adze. 

A«i3j qodoom, arrival. 

A*3i qadama, ho arrived, advanced. 

^i3j qadda/maj he put forward, 

cL ^Ji qaddama baldghj he pre- 
sented a petition. 

^sS\ aqdama, he persevered boldly. 

^Sso taqaddama, he came forward. 

JjJfl iqddm, energy, perseverance. 

^fcXflJ taqdeem, a presenting, pre- 

^4>l5 qddim, a comer, next (week, 
month, &c.). 

A^iXJf - ^jJ qadeem, pi. jodama, 

ancient. [Jf:^^ 

aJJ) aqdam, more ancient, prior, 

i-j^— *jil aqdamiya, precedence, 

j,dSbc muqdim, front part, prow, or 
bow of ship; previous. 

aJ^ moqaddim, overseer, fore- 
man ; the old man-servant of 
a harem. 

l«jJU moqaddama, preface, pre- 
miss in logic. 

a4Xa1« or mSJLo moqaddam, or mo- 

taqaddimy previous, in advance, 

JLmJI J ajJu-* motaqaddim fi 

s-sinn, advanced in age, old. 

S^jS (f7Jr/«?<^, sample, model, pattern. 

»3i« — »Ji qida, combustion (see 

CL^UtiU or .jJ gazar, or qdzoordt, 

.ii gazir, fetid, drainy smell, foul. 

«^ji qaznfa, he ejaculated, hurled; 
slandered ; accused of adultery. 
qazf, slander, accusation of 
imSsLa maqzoof, projectile. L^^^ 

liiLo miqddf, oar. 
^ qarra, it was fixed, rested firm. 
j]J qardr, stability, decision. 


. jf qarrara, he fixed, deposed to, 
put down in writing. [jj^- 

jiJS taqreer, a fixing, deposition, 
letter, document, memorandum. 

"Jjl aqarra, he confessed. [vlJ^I 

.Kil iqrdvy confession. 

."JaI taqarrara, it was fixed ; it 
was laid down as a rule. 

tftju**! istaqarra, it was fixed, cer- 
tain, permanent. 

yl« moqirr, he who confesses. 

j5^ maqarr, a fixed place, post. . 

j^jL^ moqarrar, certain, estab- 
lished; direct (of taxation) ; 
permanent (domicile). 

^iL*^ Jca:^ mahcdl mostaqarr, 
fixed abode, domicile. 

5.15 ^jOj\ « STii ard qdrra, continent 

of land. 
1^1 — AS qardf he read \ ac^^.-.V^^. 



( 216 ) 


*lpi - >^}^ qdri, pi. qarrd, reader. 

fj\/i\ el-qordn, the Koran, the book 
for reading par excellence, 
Moslem bible. 

\J6) inqard, it was read, legible. 

p]ji] - j3 qur, pi. aqrd, interval 

of purification after divorce. 

p)Juo maqrd, a reading, or group 
of readers of the Koran. 

Jj-JKJ or J^'y qardghol, or 
qardqdl (Turkish), mainguard; 
police station. 

jj }Sj3 qara ghyooz (Turkish), black 
eye ; Punch and Judy. 

i^^jji qariba, it was near (of time 
or place). 

1.^5 qairabay he came near, 
brought near ; approached, 


mjjsij taqarrabuj he came near; 

he took the Sacrament. 
-^ qorby vicinity, nearness. 

qareebj near, soon, speedy. 

^jC ^an qareeb, soon, shortly. 

^bJfl — ^T^i/ qci'^cebj pi. dqribd, 
relative, kinsfolk. 

Ui^lil . Si^l aqrab, pi. aqdrib, 
nearer ; near relative. 

Sj)ji qardba, relationship, kinship. 
c;Vy qorbduy an approaching to 

God by sacrifice ; a sacrifice, 

deodand; Eucharist. 

,jK-^Xl iUc or Jjjo ^by qorbdn 

Bairdm, 10th day of Zil Hijja, 
tie day of sacrifice at Mina 
near Mecca, the gfreatest Moslem 
festival, also called 'eed el-adha. 

^„^^jSL} taqreeb, approximation. 

Lu^^ taqreebdn, approximately, 

- ^^ q^'^^f^y pl- qirab, goat- 
skin sack for water; about 14i 
r>j\^ - S-^'^ qdrib, pi. qawdrib, 
small boat. 

LJU maqriba, vicinity. 

iuujt.f or ij\jjSqarbd7ia,0Tqarabdna, 
or qardbeena (European), car- 

A^uo J qorbaUay large brick. 

^^ i _ ^ J jarA, pi. qorooh, ulcer. 

^JiS\ iqtaraha, he proposed, voted 

djkS - 4>^ jiVtZ, pi. qorood, monkey. 

i3]^5 qurdd, a tick on animals. 
fjOj9 0Tjj9 qaraza, or garcwa, he 

qoroosh (from Turkish ghroosli, 

which is from German jro«c/ie7i), 

piastre, 2 id. 
L^'y.*^ [JyioTc!^ ^S qirsh sdgh or 

diwdniy, a good or government 

piastre, 2id. 
j^iyi j^^;i;Sll ^|j ^^ Wa (ZayiV 

el-qirsh el-wdhid, (cash paid 

down) piastre by piastre. 
j^lJI — iJ^J qoraish, pi. qordsh, 

a famous tribe of Mecca, 

kindred of Mahomet. 
^jc^ qars, a cutting, piercing, 

{jOj^ qarasa, he cut open, he 



( 217 ) 


^J^I — ^^ qorsy pi. aqrds, disk, 
round cake ; small metal disk 
used as a female ornament for 
the head. 

i^y qarsa, a sting, insect-bite, 
prick, pinch. 

ijc]ji qarrdsa, pincers, hand-cuffs. 

i^S qareesa, bean paste. [iL^jtls 

U^lf^ - ^J^^ qorsdn, 'pl. qardseen, 

^IJU miqrds, pincers, knife. 

fjcji qarada, he cut off a piece ; 
lent money. 

^•i . ^jCji qard, pi. qorood, loan. 

^jc^lLm] or (^yil {qtarada, or 
istaqrada, he borrowed. 

^JUl i7iqarada, it was cut off, 
became extinct. 

r ^IJUI iqtirdd bahriy, bot- 
tomry, contrat a la grosse, 

^]jalm\ istiqrdd, a loan, public 

^KLo miqrdd, scissors. [{jolLo 

\dj9 qort, bunch, ring, qirt, tri- 

folium^ leek. 
)oji qarata, he cut in pieces. 

Li.]^' - )o]jJj5 qeerdty pi. qardreei, 
l-24th part; 175 sq. mitres 
or 209 sq. yards; '197 grams; 
l-16th of a dirhem ; about one 
inch ; half a gill. 

,m^)y - i^^^Oji qirtds, pi. qardtees, 
paper, documents, scrip, con- 
sols, stocks. 

Jtji qoHom, carthamus, safflower, 
wild saffron, a food for camels. 


c^ qarata, he knocked at a door ; 
cast lots. 

icJ qara'a, baldness. 

cji' aqra'j bald. 

i»*»^ a^ qara* koosa, a small 
vegetable marrow. 

icy qora'a, a casting of lots^ 

I>yC^ icJf qora'a 'askariyay con- 

icjBi]jJfarz eUqora^a, a choosing 

by ballot. 
icjBL« miqra^a, whip, a flogging. 
Sjy qirfa, skin, bark ; cinnamon. 

iiy qarafa, nausea, loathing. 
h]y qardfa, cemetery, tomb. 
^\iS qarfdn, disgusted. 

*^Jii\ iqtarafa, he committed a 
crime. [c^^^^l 

K^jalm) istaqrafa, he loathed, 

u.5^ moqrifj cross, bad tempered, 

is]y qardqa (Italian?), hoe, rake; 

i,^^}^ qirmiziy, crimson, scarlet. 

iij^ qirmiziya, scarlet fever, 

^jS qarana, he joinedj attached. 

^jjj qdrana, he joined himself to ; 
he compared, set side by side; 
was in conjunction. 

c— ) ci/*' iqtarana bi, he joined 
himself to, was connected with, 


( 218 ) 


^f qareoriy near, touching; a 

^IJf - ijoJ qareena, pi. qardyin, 
a near thing, inference, context. 

JI^JI tLT^lr-* qardyin el-ahwdl, 
probabilities of the case; cir- 
cumstantial evidence. 

^\j3 qirdn, auspicious approach ; 
the conjunction of planets. 

p]j5 - ^jTjf qordn, the Koran (see 
qard) . 

^^Jil iqtirdn, union. 

iU moqdrana-y comparison, co- 

cJL?/ - ^S qarn, pi. qoroon, horn ; 
age, epoch ; bit, piece, morsel. 

^jJiJl jii Zoo l-qarnain, the two- 
homed one ; a title applied to 
Alexander the Great as the 
reputed son of the horned 
Ammon (see Koran, chap, xviii.). 

ii^ qorna, comer; scullery- sink. 

Ci^^JJ qoronh, cabbage. [s^^^J 

LjuJ^ qamdbeet, cauliflower. 

Xi'JJf qorndfay stock or butt- end of 

Jiftiyf qaranfnl, " girofle/^ clover, 

spice, carnation. 

iJLjJoJpi qarantcena (Italian), 


jj^ qara (Turkish), land, main- 
land ; black ; used in words 
J/Jce gara^ol, qaragyooz^ &c. 

JjSgy yaraqol ^Turkish), main- 


guard, police-station; vulgarly 
qaraqon. [or Jy 1/ 

^f - hS qariya, pi. gora, village. 

tjpj qarwata, he cut, clipped, 

^1 4>^4> - Jj qazz, raw silk ; dood 
d-qazzy silk- worm. 

;j^ qazzdzy seller of raw silk. 
jJIji . 5;J^ qizdza, pi. qazdyiz 

jj^ -.^ Z^A qizdz, pane of glass. 

-^ qozah, cloud-angel. 

'J ^j-y 20« qozah, Qozah's bow, 
jiS^9 or ji'^ji qazdeer (Greek, 
kassiteros), tin. 

icji qoza^a, a small piece; dwarf." 
^ « iUfi qazma, pi. qizam (from 

Turkish qdzmaq,to dig) ,pickaxe. 
^Ufi-^ljj g'azdn (Turkish gazjffcon), 


i^ }ac<f« or ji»«, a Christian priest. 

ij**»*J - ir^^t^ qaseeSf pi. qosog, 
a Christian priest, a Beverend. 

L.Ljji qeesdriya, street in a bazar, 

LLijI . huJ qisty pi. ag^a^, justice; 
share, portion, instalment. 

k^Jf qasaata, he portioned off, paid 
by instalments. 

laJUiA) taqaeet, instalment, paying 
instalments ; a kind of title- 
\ deed. 



( 219 ) 

• A- 

i^j^iUoMij quatdSf balance of justice; 

^JulaAlaAM? Qostcmtiniya, Constan- 

^J or jMij qasama, or jaa^ama^ 

he divided, classified, appor- 

jdlb ^^\ aqsama bUldhiy he swore 

by God. 
J^) . >Mij qasanif pi. aqsdm, oath. 

Jb^ . a'^mJI . J1M4S qism, pi. aj^am, 

portion, part, district ; the 
'^ qisms " of Upper Egypt cor- 
responded to the " markazes '^ 
or arrondissements of Lower 
Egypt, but this official term 
{qUm) has lately been abolished 
in favour of markaz throughout 

J^J^^ jy^ or ^tM*3i] ^o\j ndzir el- 
qiam, former official title of 
Prefect of arrondissement in 
Upper Egypt, now abolished 
in favour of mdmoor el-markaz. 

SlamJ qlsma, share, fate, "kismef; 

^U qdsim^ ho who divides ; a 
man^s name. 

^►J^ qaseem, a fellow sharer, 

JL*J . Iaj^ qaseema, pi. qasdyim, 
receipt-foil which is torn out of 
a book of counter-foils. 

^^XmaJ taqscem, division ; classifi- 

Ay^i^ maqaoom, dividend, divided. 
jyJlc A^*wA^ maqaoom ^aleih, divisor. 
jumaa!) ^J^ khdrij el-qiamajqaotient, 

Lij qaadj he was hard, cruel. 
iy^ or SjLmJ qaadwa, or qaawa, 

cruelty, harshness. 
^jUmiJ - ^^MiJ qaaiy, pi. qiaydn, 

cruel, harsh. 


jjy qaahahayhe swept up, collected. 

j^yuuJ - ^jZS qaahah, or quahah, 
pi. qoahooahf straw, thatch. 

iJ:J quahaha, a bit of straw, 
rubbish, chaff; nest. 

ijiJLo miqaahaha, broom. 

ykJiJ qoahboVf scurf of hair. 

jU qaahara, he peeled, barked, 

,y^ - 5-ti OTj^ qiahr, or qiahra, 

pi. qoahoor, rind, peel, husk, 
crust ; egg-shell. 

Ixti qaahata, he scratched out, 
erased. [c^Jcvn^ 

la#^ ja^Aafto^a, he robbed, stripped. 

L^i' jt^A^, erasure, scratching out. 

jila^ (j'lViia, cream; custard-apple; 
(pine-apple ?). 

^L^if qiahtiy (medical), aphthous, 
of thrush. 

juii qaaWara, he shivered, had 
'* goose flesh.^' 

ijiyJLi qoaha^recra^ a eiivOTccw^. 


( 220 ) 

^jlij qishldq (Turkish), barracks, 
winter quarters. 

fjtoiqassa, he cut, narrated. 

fjo^ - X-a5 qissa, pi. qisas, piece, 
story, tale. 

^'w^ qassds, a professional clipper 
of donkeys, horses, camels, &c. 

^^^^ or ^JcS qasSfOT jcwa*, sternum, 

fjoLaS 2 t'«a«, retribution, /eaj talionis, 

(jojS) tqtasaa, he took vengeance, 
pursued, tracked. 

^^^Qsuo maqass, scissors. 

i^'JU maqdssa, a mutual cutting, 

c^l^l - <w^4a5 qasab, pi. aqsdb, 
cane, rod, flute ; gold thread or 
embroidery, gauze embroidery. 

^jA^ ^jLm v_--^« qasah aukkar, 
sugar-cane ; qasah muss, sugar- 
cane for sucking. 

*A*iflJ qasaba, pole, measure of 11 3 
feet, 3'55 metres. 

ix^ qasaba (in Turkish), town, 

c— >'w^ 2a«sa6, land-surveyor. [— .LIL« 

-^Lfli* qassiib (in Turkish), butcher. 

«X^' qasada, he intended, tended 

43^05 2a5c7, intention, motive, aim. 

iXiflAj or ]xci qasddn, or bi-qasdin, 
on purpose. 

4 X <^aAfl y,^ soq el-qasdj cyilness of 


_Iam iXi^af (j[a«c2 «ai2/, evil intention. 

S J^x«d9 qaseeda, sonnet, short poem. 

d\£S qossdd, in front of, facing. 

S^aaJ taqassada, he intended, 

jLuJI iqtisdd, economy, moderation. 

6^\sL^ . iX^i^aLo maqsad, pi. maqdsid, 
aim, object in view. 

ja^U^ . 4>^.^Le maqsood, pi. maqd- 
seed, the same as masqad. 

ji^yi or y.JuiflJ qasdeer (Greek 
kassiteros), tin. 

^;-flJ qasara, he shortened, con- 
fined ; failed in, fell short ; he 
bleached linen. 

yd qassara, he shortened, made 
fall short ; he bleached linen. 

jyd qosoor, defect, shortcoming, 

jJ<^cSi taqseer, a making defective, 

,,-*,^fljJ'uJ ir^JLil iflds bit'taqseer, 
simple bankruptcy, not fraudu- 

lent. [cf. (^4> 

8^x«aSI taqseera, short stick. 

LaS ^jJ^ qaseer (vulgarly qosu' 
yir), pi. qisdr, short. 

-^'i qdsir, pi. qossar, minor, 
under age. 

jyoS - j^ qasr, or qosoor, defect, 
shortcoming, exception. 

jyoS OTj^\ - f-flJ qasr, pi. aqsor, 
or qosoor, palace, castle, citadel ; 

-oW^ EI-A1X8OV, liVXXOT^ lx» 'Ccl^ 


( 221 ) 

temples or castles^ of Luxor^ 
and Karnak. 

\jS - jxai Qosair, Kosair, a port 
on the Red Sea^ east of Kena. 

j^ojS qaisar (Latin), Caesar, Kaiser. 

Jj^\ f-^yi qaisar eUHindy Emperor 
or Empress of India. 

h^ qasriya, chamber-pot. 

-y^l aqsar, (femin.) qosra, 

j^-flLo maqsoor, shortened, shut 
up ; bleached linen. 

ijycSi^ maqsoora, inner chamber; 
shut up ; a recluse virgin of 
Paradise ; railed enclosure. 

ix,^ - iM^ qosa'a, or qoza^a, 
dwarf ; qasa'a, large bowl, 

«-AiU maqsa\ stunted, dwarfed. 

i— ft-flj qasafa, he snapped, broke. 

>'w^ja«a^ distance, the far distance. 

^1 - ^^cS qasiy, pi. aqaa, distant. 

k») aqsa, more distant. 
►SI LmJJt4i\ el-maghrih cl-aqsa, 

the most distant or extreme 
West, Morocco. 

aqsa, the most distant mosque 
(of importance, from Mecca), 
the Sakhra, or Rock Mosque of 

Sj^l ^^^\ or Jka^' i<^' aqsa eU 
haJfJ, or aqsa el-modda, the 
extreme limit, maximum of in- 

f»ftAiJI t<^^ <m9a cl-'aqooba, the 

extreme penalty. 
^ -r ° *^ -^ isHqad, investigation, 


^Ir i^l - ^^ {qaJda), inqadda 

a^la, he attacked. 
ix^ qadha, wand, staff, rail. 

^IxiS — C,^^^ qadceb, pi. qodbdn, 
bar, staff; rail ; penis. 

^-aJ jorfa, he judged, decided, 
executed ; died. 

jCA»-l». ^j^ qada hdjataho, ho 

accomplished his business. 
^^iSQ\ inqada, it came to an end, 

was accomplished, 
^u^ ^^Mi) inqada nahboho, he died. 

^j-flXJl iqtadaj it became necessary. 

>La> ^flfZa, the office of a judge ; 

a sitting in judgment ; fate ; 

accident ; province. 
»Laf qadddn^ by accident, fatally. 

.Jj J ^Loi ^odd t£;a qadar, fate and 

"JLflJ qaddiiy, judiciary, judicial. 

i J..51 .iJ ^4f^^^ zahtiya qaddiiya, 

judiciary police, *' police jadi' 

* * >> 
c I aire. 

Lfl^ . ix^ qadeeya, pi. qaddyd, 
law-suit ; case for trial ; a 

i'LflJ - ^^\S qddi, pi. qoddt, judge, 

^c^ i<^^ 2^^* shara'iy, a judge 

of the Moslem sacred law or 

zuuu^\ ,<^'^— * qddi et-lahqeeq 




( 222 ) 



hukm eUqddi, the sentence which 
judges, i.e. the sentence to the 
effect tliat, &c. 
$!^aj] inqidd, end, completion. 
^Lfliil iqtidd, necessity. 
^aIS^ moqtada, necessary, to the 
eflFect that ; the tenour or pur- 
port (of an order). 
^MAJ bi-moqtada, in consequence 

of, because of, according to. 
L» qatf only, solely. [^ 


L» qatt, not at all, never. 
LUflS - kJ qitt, pi. qltdt, cat. 
UyJuLJ - (w^nIsJ qotb, pi. qotoob, 
axis, pole of globe, pivot ; sanc- 
tity, his reverence ; chief, 
Aaif qatara, it dripped; he at- 
tached, towed. 
AaS - Aai qatr, pi. ^t^ar, distillation, 

ijbi qatra, one drop. 

M 4 

^ qattara, he distilled. 

Jbsu taqatta/ra, it dripped; was 

.llai* -^ 2°*^> P^- aqtdr, side; 

diameter ; country, dominions 
• of a kingdom. 
JLI^.^* .liaJl og^dr masriya, Egyptian 

^Li go^r, aloes-wood. 

railway train. 
Vti qitdr, string of animals; 
railway train; a file of two 

jx^Aai qatrameezy jar, vase. 
Jijai qatrdn, tar, goudron. 
JUaJ - MaS qateera, pi. qatdyir, 

sailing boat, '^ dhow.^' 
AaL« maqtoor (boats) in tow; 
(animals) in string; towed. 
^_jiU; qotrob, demon, incubus, 
yki ga^a'a, he cut, interrupted ; 
he brought; sometimes used 
like our idioms with " get." 

^ - XniaJ qita'a, pi. gi^a', piece. 

^ qata'y a cutting, interruption, 

•^Aa? qataiy, final, decisive, in- 
UaJ gafa'dn, decidedly, decisively. 
JaAJl inqata'a, it was cut off, 

jlafljuil istaqta'a, he wished to cut 
off; he deducted part of a 
servant^s wages. 
^IL; - jtU qdtia'y pi. go^da', a 
cutter, incisive; a decisive 
(speech, sentence, Ac). 
jyU\ jUS qdtia' et-iareeq, highway 

jjiai qateea\ flock, herd. 
iJaiU magfa'a, piece, syllable; 
the dam of a canal or rivulet. 
icUA^ moqdta'a, province, district, 

^ J3L0 maqtooa'y cut, cut off. 
JiuJ'o^ "V'^* q^tdaHi/wa biUjumla, 
retail and wholesale. 

■l •• 


( 223 ) 


^_ oUl^ l or '_Q^« qatafci or iqtatafa, 
he plucked fruit, gathered a 

t_p Vi * s^ moqtatafy collected, 
gathered in ; an Arab maga- 
zine or miscellany. 

i_pUIq^ . ^_pU5^ maqtaf, pi. maqd" 
tif, basket. 

v..JJllaJ - ifljilaJ qateefa, pi. qatdyif, 
velvet ; in pi. a sort of pastry. 

Jai or JeS qatama, or qattamay 
he cut. 

jUo^ moqattam, cut, sheer ; name 
of the abrupt cliffs to the 
south of Cairo. 

^JbS qatana, he dwelt. [^^*" 

^ILJ - ^JoU qdtin, pi. qoUdUy a 

dweller, inhabiting. 

^LS qatan, crupper, haunches, 

^UaJl - ^Jla? go/w, pi. aqtdn, 

cotton. [cf. ^^^ 

Lui^ qotniya, cotton cloth, cotton 
goods; grain, pulse, beans. 

^j1^ - ^yio\j qdtooriy house sewer 
or underground canal into the 
khaleej in Cairo. 

4\*5 qa'ada, he sat down (after 
standing) ; he rested, re- 
mained ; continued. [j^^/*J^ 

4>^ qo*oody act of sitting, sitting 

iXcU qd'yid, a sitter, seated, sitting 

iXcly - Sj^U qd'yidoy pi. qawd'yid, 

(fem.) something steadfast ; a 
rule, principle. 

iSftsi) jc> in SiW qa'da, in the 
phrase zoo l-qa^da, the month 
of repose before the Hajj or 
pilgrimage, the 11th lunar 
Moslem month. 

^J^|^^ - 4>^U qda'oody pi. qta'dduy 
young camel just fit to be 
used for riding. 

tXcUl taqd'yada, he sat apart, he 
retired on a pension. [aJyl^Ml 

j^lic* - Sc\jS taqd^yudy pension ; 
more commonly ma^dsh. 

J^UjU motaqd'yidy retired, pen- 

iXAft^ maq'ad, seat, place of sitting; 
storey, room. 

Ss^ moqa'idy cripple, who cannot 

juS -juJ qaWy pi. qo'oor, a hollow > 

bottom of a well, box, &c, 
jjkti qa'eer, deep, hollow. 

KmS\ SxU qd^irat es-sikkay in the 
open street. 

fi - 

moqa^aTy hollowed out, 
concave. [u^^»-] 

. }sS qoffay pi. gqfa/, basket. 

^jlii* qoftduy cassock, gown, long 


JjiS - JiS qaffdzy glove ; qafeez, 
hasp of lock. 

^jiiS qafashay he seized, collared 
hold of. 

• M 


( 224 ) 


^j^ qafas, cage, wicker work, 
wicker bedstead^ clothes-basket, 

Jla? qafala, he locked up, shut, 

ended, returned. 

J^ - JiJ qqfl, pi. qofool, padlock ; 
closing or '' cloture " of an 
assembly, finis. 

Ji^y - SliU qdfila, pi. qawdfil, 
caravan, return caravan. 

>UJ qafd, nape of neck, back of 



^^jftiSl or lis qafd, or iqtafa, he 
pursued, followed. 

»^l ^<iifl iqtafa a^araho, he fol- 
lowed up his track, pursued 

jJly - iuU qdfiyay pi. qawdfi, 

^flA« moqaffa, rhymed, in rhyme. 

-UUf qdqolla, caJcUe maritima, 
alcali plant, cardamum. 

Jj qalla, it was few. 

JAj qaUala, he lessened, made 

JjJlaJ taqleel, diminution. 

JilMil istaqoMaf he was indepen- 

i[Uf ^'Ua, paucity. 

JjJj qaled, few, little of, slight. 

Jjfl agoZZ, less (emphasis on final II), 


jJSXI al-aqall, the least, at the 

/ i/M/ gtUatfio ahsarij better 
without it; worse than nothing. 

Jl1» . li; ^oZZa, pi. qdaly qoola, an 
earthen water-bottle ; peak, 

JIaImI istiqldlj independence. 


J^Imi^ mustaqiJly independent. 

C.^ qalaba, he turned a thing 
the other way round ; upset, 
overturned. L;^ 

Vw^Lflil inqalaba, it was upset, 
overturned ; was transformed. 

<wA!y . Ci^l? qdlib, pi. qawdlib, 

a mould. 

^^^ - (w^ jaZ6, pi. qoloob, 

heart, kernel, gist, essential 
part, centre. 

^Jj\a<^^^a^ maqloobyOTmaqlabdn^ 
upset, reversed. 

L,^U< maqlab, a place for empty- 
' ing carts, shooting rubbish. 

Ifb . ix>yJ^ Qaiioobiya, a province 
in the Delta, the chief town of 
which is Benha, 

ti\Sqaladayhe encircled,en wreathed. 

Si)l» qildda, necklace. 

jAf qalladaj he girt (another with 
a sword of honour), conferred 

(a decoration) • 


iXli qallada,he counterfeited, imi- 

JjIaS taqlsedj conferring an honour; 
imitation, counterfeiting. 

<^ iVlAj taqallada hi, he assumed 
to himself a rank ; put on a 


( 225 ) 



el-quhum {Chjsma), the Gulf of 
Suez; north part of the Red Sea. 

«lj' qala'a^ he uprooted, tore off, 
stripped. [cf. jl^ 

aii - iJiJ qala'a, pi. qilda\ castle, 
fortress ; square formation of 

i^\ el'qcda^a,the citadel of Cairo. 

cJU - Ui* qiW, pi. qolooa\ sail. 

uiS or JyciS qildghoz (Turkish), 
pilot, auger, gimlet. 

c-iU qilf, bark or rind of a branch. 
iudif qolfa, prepuce. 
u-iiS) aqlafa, he circumcised. 
u^iljf qalafa, he caulked a boat or 

Xlcilif qalfata (Italian calafato), 

Xijii- or XiU qalfa (for hhaleefa), 
female house-keeper ; head 
woman-servant in a harem. 

iULAAiif qolqailaj clod of earth. 

jflji qalaq, agitation, nervous ex- 
citement, sleeplessness. 

sU or ^Iftli qalqdn, or qaliq, 
anxious, nervous, sleepless. 

jywUU qolqdsy coloeasiay arum ; a 
sort of potato. 

JaUJ or Ja15 qalqala, or taqalqala, 
he shook, trembled. 

Ji or JlJ qalama, or qallatna, he 
clipped, cut a pen, snipped. 

JUl - Jii* qalem, pi. aqJam, a reed 
pen which is cut ; hence a 

bureau, office ; a slap on the 

I»^'il - ^j^\ iqleem, pi. aqdleem, 

climate, rural provinces of 
Egypt, as distinct from the 
towns of Cairo, Alexandria, &c. 

^JoU jcrZerufar, a wandering dervish, 
an ascetic. 

^JS or ^ qald, he fried ; he hated ; 

he calcined, made alcali. 
^JjSU maqK, fried. 
f^Jsio miqla, a frying-pan. 
^jLi qily, alcali^ cinders of plants. 

^aS - SuS qimma, pi. qimam, crown 

of head, summit. 
^4i' qamh, wheat. 

*ac^* qamha, a grain of wheat, 
half gramme. 
JK^ qamhiy, ripe com coloured, 
the usual colour of the Egyp- 
tian complexion. 


^Ui qammah, seller of com. 

jLmI - jaS qamar, pi. aqmdr, 
moon. IjdJ - JLb 

^c;Ai* qamariy, lunar; lunar letters. 
lsj^ 9^^^'i (Turkish), dove. 
jA3\ aqmara, the moon shone. 

ijAst^ ^*^\ ed'dunyd moqmira, a 
moonlight night. 

-jjijJl j^ qamar ed-deen, dried 
apricot paste. 

j^M qdmara, he gambled. 

ijJJi^ or .Ui qhndr, or moqdmara, 

hj45 qimriya^ hole for U^vt^ ^vwjJk 

place where the pen is used, a \ V\iAti^* 

^ VJi. 

••I •• 

( 226 ) 



^L«j» qlmardtiy, glazier, seller of 

^jaS qammara, he toasted bread. 

^y*>«i qamasa, he plunged into 
water, dived. 

^j00yJJi qdmoos, Ocean, Arabic 

iJL^s] - (^UJ qomdshj pi. aqmiaha, 
cloth, stuff. 

^iSlaaJ taqammashaj he dressed up 
in fine clothes. 

^^UflA? - (>i:!^ qamees, pi. jomsan, 
chemise, shirt. 

^As qommos, Coptic priest. 

«A5 qama\ funnel, cone; qama*a, 
he knocked down. 

JiUi . ^»A4i qomqom, pi. qamdqim, 

flagon, flask. 

jM^ qomqdm, ringworm. 

J^-XUJ jarnZa, pi. gamZ, louse, lice. 
JJ^~ jommaZ, ringworm. 

^^XM qameen, oven, bakery. 

Ujf Qena, Kena, a town and pro- 
vince in Upper Egypt. 

• . •• • 

Su^Jd^ or MM qtneena,OT qonaimya, 
bottle, glass. 

L^Aki qonnab, hemp, cannabis indica. 

JjU* . SXajS . S^juf qunhuray or 

jU7ifci//a, pi. qcmdbil (Persian 
Jchumbara) , bomb-shell. 

JU - isf\3 qanja, pi. qinaj, river 

JfljJt^ gonddq (Turk), butt-end of 

JojUJ - ck^ViJ 2anrferf,pl. qanddeel, 
lamp, illumination. 

^joiS qans, chase, sport. 

J^lu - J^^oA? qonsol, pi. qandsU 
(European), Consul. 

yL^ qonsoldto (European), con- 

Jio\jS . S^^lojuf gan^ara, pi. qandtir, 
bridge, arch. 

Xj^^ji^- JoUi* qandtir khatriya, the 
Barrage, or Beneficent Arches. 

j^)o\ji . .IkiJ gi^i^or, pi. jana^^er, 
*' qantdr " ; hundredweight of 
99 i lbs., or 100 rotls, or 45 
kilog. ; the qintar of Alexandria 
equals 140 kilog. 

jJuJl or »iJ qania'ay or iqtana'a, 

he became content or was 

i£,\ji qanda'a, contentment. 

«Ju» I aqna^a, he convinced, contented. 

ftJuS.^ . «IS^ moqnia'j convincing ; 
moqtania', convinced. 

jiiJ qonfoz, beaver, otter, water- 

iyS . \ji qaiid, he acquired; qinwa, 

CL>1jU» . SUf qandt, pi. 3anat£;a^^ 
small canal. 

^^^^MjyJl JLii qandl es-Sowayts 
(European), Canal of Suez. 

^yJl oqnomn (Greek), principle of 


( 227 ) 


!;<» qahrdn, by force, by violence. 

- . . ^v 

^£;<S gaAny, violent, beyond con- 
trol, ^^ force majeure," 

j^KJ qdhir, conqueror; planet 
Mars. [ - 

2;*l5JI EUQdhira, The Victa^ix, 

i^ qahqara, retreat, rout. 

jMr^ taqahqara, he retreated 

*^ qahqaha, loud laughter. 

2^ qahwa, prepared coffee, coffee; 
a coffee shop, cafe. This word 
originally meant a drink, wine. 

^^y^ qahwaji (Turkish), coffee- 

^ i^ qahwa bonuy coffee-berry. 

j^jlfJ qahdwi, coffee-shops, cafes. 

4-y qoob, skin disease, plague, 
dartre; chicken. 

l>Jl - CL^y? qoot, pi. aqwdt, food, 

4>^ miqwad, halter. 

li qata, he nourished. 

ei^jju taqawwata, he nourished 
himself, subsisted on. 

SjLwi or Jy jJc?, or g/yarfa, a 
leading, control. 

dfj - 4>U qdda, he led, ruled over; 

yaqood, he leads, rules. 

4>UJI inqdda, he was led; he obeyed. 

4>U5j| inqiydd, obedience, a being" 
led. ^ 

JljU - d^qdyid, pi. qowwdd, leader, 
governor; qawwdd, pimp. 

!;y qawwdra, a kitchen instru- 
ment, scoop. 

L/*'y ' - L/*/ ?^«>pl- ojM^a* (femin.), 
bow, arc, metal spring; Sagit- 
tarius of the Zodiac. 

^J* Lry S'^* qozah, rainbow, bow 

of Qozah the Cloud Angel, 
^^lyf qawwdsj bowman, archer. 

(_^lyf qatvwds, constable, consular 

\oy - iby qoota, pi. yoo^, tomato. 

cy> jJa', open space, depression. 

^j^IjoJ - cU gaa', pi. qee^ydn, hollow, 
low ground. 

^li gaa'a, private inner room. 

abuy qoqa^a, small shell, cowry; 

J!yl - Jy g^Z, pi. agt£;aZ, speech, 
talk, a saying. 

J^ - i}^ qdla, he said ; yaqool, he 

Jj qui (imperative), say thou ! 
speak ! 

JjU qdwalay he bargained, made 
a contract. 

SjlLo moqdwala, bargain, contract. 
JjU^ moqdwily a contractor. 
3y^ maqoolaj category, subject. 
JJU gay/Z, speaker, saying. 

Jly qawwdl, impromptu rhymstor, 


( 228 ) 


J J ([dl (Turkish) , wing of battalion; 
arm^ branch. 

^^Ixl Jy qdl aghdsi (Turkish), 
wing commander, adjutant- 
major, [c'^ 

(J\sb . (Jo? qecla, it was said; 
yoqdl, it is said, he is named; 
by name. 

J'^SlI J Jjill I'l-qrel wa el-qdl, gossip, 
town talk ; literally, '' what is 
said and what they say.'' 

J^S or ^y> qom, or qiydm, the act 
of standing up. 

^lyl - Ay qdm, pi. aqivdm, nation, 

A^ - aU qdma, he stood up, acted 

for, fulfilled; yaqoom, he stands 
up, &c. 

fS qum ! (imperative) stand thou 
up ! 

juU^ j^ qdma maqdmaho, he acted 
instead of. 

JUlf qdma, height of body, stature. 

A^li qdwama, he resisted. 

2^jlL« moqdwama, resistance. 

aUI ajama, he made stand, set up. 

^^ i^f-^ Ji\ aqdma da'wa ^ala, 

he brought an action against, 

ZJS^ iqdma, a setting up ; bring- 
ing an action; celebrating or 
exercising; a residence, abode. 

I^ULmI istiqdma^ uprightness, recti- 

^JH taqweem, almanac; register; 

Jf3 qdyim, erect, holding ; a right 

angle ; perpendicular. 
ijS\j . JsL^ Jf3 qdyim maqdm, locum 

tenens; lieutenant-colonel. Bey 

of sdiisa rank. 
J\S - luSJ qdylma, pi. qawdyim 

(femin.), erect; a right angle; 
'* bordereau ; '' paper money ; 
memoes, bills, scrip ; a tele- 
graph post, mast. 

aLJ qawwdm, erect, alert; quick. 

JyS qawwdm ! (interjection or ex- 
clamation) Be quick ! 



^.jt.^1 1/1 fat/a ma, he or it was up- 
^•Jg-A/y Jic went straight in life. 

aZJ qawwama, he drew up, com- 
piled, fixed, estimated value. 

^•-jJ qayyoom, the Eternal God. 

^Ljj qiydm, a standing up ; prayer. 

hc\j3 qiydma, resurrection; uproar, 

0^ <l^yy^'^i^> substitute, guardian. 
^ - ioj qeema, pi. qiyam, value. 

Lk^i j&> zoo qeema, valuable. 

i4j3 \£j\i ^^^^ ashyd zdt qeema, 
things of value, valuables. 

Jjuo maqdm, place, seat of office. 

j^^jLc moqeem, resident, dweller, 

setter up. 

I o *i... ^ mostaqeem, straight ; 

^3 - *5* ^owwa, pi. qowa, force. 


( 229 ) 


*• ^ 

>ljJl . f^S qawiy, pi. aqwiyd, 
strong; very. 

^j^\ dqwa, stronger. 

^^ jj3S kateei' qamy, very muchj 

very many. 
jJuS jcy qawiy kateer, very strong. 

^^ qawwa, he strengthened, en- 

2jyo taqwiya, a strengthening, 

j_^^ taqawwa, he strengthened 
himself, grew strong. 

ijyJL^ tnoqawwa, strengthened ; 

j^^UJ taqdwi (provincial), seed- 
corn ; seed for sowing. 

>U - ^i qay, vomit ; see qd. 

^jdf qaih, pus, matter. [•X:»»3^ 

J^ . 43ji qaidy pi. qoyood, a tying 
down, fettering a prisoner; 
entering in the accounts, in- 
scription in a register ; chain, 
bond, status. 

SLjJl Jjj ^J fi qaid eUhaydt, in 

a state of life, alive, fact of 

2.£jaj qaidiya, registration. 

JjLa:**** ^ SjS qaid wa tasjeel, regis- 
tration and inscription. 

Jaif qayyada, he bound, fettered ; 


JOA^ moqayyid, registrar, guardian. 

i3aA^ moqayyad, registered, bound 

jjiSoeb JoLo moqayyad bil-hadeed, 
bound with fetters. 

Ifljf.ljf . l?]^ geerd^, pi. qardreet^ 

l-24thpart; 175 sq. metres or 
209 sq. yards; 1*975 grains; 
1- 16th of a dirhem ; about one 

ijJj^ qiydSf measure, standard of 
measure ; comparison. 

ir*J^ - \^^ qasa, he measured ; 

yaqeesy he measures. 
JLolL« moqdyasa, comparison. 
CL>ImiIL« maqdsdt, dimensions. 

^mxJjIS^ - ^^\jLA^ miqydSy pi. 

maqdyees, instrument for 

iuXjs qiydsa, Nile boat of Wadi 

Haifa district. 
SJa^jLo or (^Lfi qiydd, or moqdyaday 

exchange, -barter, 

iMflkji qaitds (Latin), ceiacea, 
whale, whalebone. 

^^l^ij qeetdn, cord, braid. 

lajj qaiZf dog-days, intense heat 
of summer. 

^Jui or Abj qaila^ or qailoola, 
siesta, mid-day halt. 

Jlil aqdla, he forgave, annulled 
a contract. 

Si\S] iqdJa, pardon, remission, a 

Sfji) mjj beea' el-iqdla, '^ vente A 

JUImI istaqdla, he sent in his 

Xi '^ -^ 


( 230 ) 


2| lbs. avdp., 36 okes equal 
the qintar of 99 lbs. 

2jj^I oqqiya, ounce^ li ounces avdp. 


vi/ Kdf. Value = 20. 

CJ ka (prefix), like, as, similar to. 
iJ^J Ica-rajil, like a man. 

^UisS or )jj kazd, or Tcazdlik, thus, 
like that. [yji-^j^ 

CJ 'Ok, (femin.) -tAr, as a suffix, 
thee, thy, thine. [for fea, ki, 

\1XJjS kitdbak, thy book. 

\lXh^ Ijl and darabtak, I beat 

^j1^ fcaW, pale, wan ; humble. 

6^ . t>\^ %a^, almost, all but, just 
(see kod). 

I ^1 d^ kdd an yaqa\ he almost 

\Ji ^ Ji kdr, pi. kdrdt (Persian), 
work, profession. 

dAlfll u-;b^l arbdb el-kdrdt, arti- 
sans, craftsmen. 

dj\^Ji kdr-khdna (Persian), brothel. 

iSjLJU - ^^jJS kda, pi. kdsdt, 
(femin.) cup ; cymbal. 

^^ - ^Ji kdna, he was, existed 
(see kdv). 

Jo ka-anna, as if. 

^jfi kdnoon, hearth, stove ; Ka- 
noon I. and II., the Syrian 
months of December and 
January » 

kabbag he poured out, upset. 

(w^>jo kabbaba, he roasted. 

uU^ kabdb. roast meat, meat 
roasted on a spit. 

Jof A:t6£?, liver. 

i>lji' kabbdd, bitter orange for 

t3o\^ kdbada, he endured. 

ii3jlC« mokdbada, endurance. 

jfi kibar, or A;t*&r, greatness, old 

^ kabbara, he made great, 
declared to be great. 

afluil or -A^j takabbara, or istak^ 
bara, he was proud, talked big. 

J^jLA? -^;Ju^ kabeer, (femin.) kaheera, 
great, large. 

jW - jifl akba/Ty pi. aA;aWr, greater^ 

.Uf fctidr (pi. of kabeer)^ great. 

^ - ^j^ fttiftra, pi. fcu6ur (femin.), 

greater, greatest. 
jS\ aiJI Allah akbar, God is greater 

(than all), God is the greatest. 

ju^ takbeer, a making great ; the 
saying " God is the greatest." 

^iCu mutakabbir, proud, haughty, 

\,Z^j}S hibreet, sulphur, lucifer. 

ic ^^ kabasa ^ala, he seized, 
fell upon. 
^u»xS kibs, mud hut of wattles. 


( 231 ) 



iT^ hahhasa, he shampooed. 

ij*'^^ kdboos, nightmare. 
iuiJiA^ Jcabeesa, leap year. 
i^UT kahbds, valve. 

Jy*jjki' kabsool (European), capsule, 
cap for gun, '' amorce." 

tjij^ hebsh, ram. 

jjitji kabsha, ladle, a ladleful, 

^>i kabasha, he scooped up with 
both hands. 

CJl— A«^ kabaky barge, lighter, 

JLuf kabeekaj, genus ranunculus. 

Jyfi - J^ ^^h pl* kobool, chain, 
fetter. [i3aS 

Jjo kabbala, he put in chains, 

JaC« mokabbal, chained^ pinioned. 

^ll> kibbdya, a glass tumbler. 

(«««^ kataba (pronounced kitib), 
he wrote. 

^^^^JuS] iktataba. he subscribed, 

(w^Sli kataba, he corresponded by 

. u^'jL^ kitaby pi. X:ti^ti5, a 
book, epistle, letter. 

kutvb'khdna (Persian) , 

^JjS kutvhiy, book-seller. 

SJjS hitdba, writing, in writing. 

cl>UIjI> kitdhdt, letters^ epistles. 

^U^ or }SjS . L»^ir kdtiby pi. 
kataba or kuttab, clerk. 

iuul^ kateeba, a squadron or force 
of cavalry. 

(w^U/ . u^U^ kuttdby pi. katdteeb, 
elementary school. 

<>,jlu,(l iktitdby subscription, enlist- 

JuGlC« mukdtabay correspondence. 

V-JliU mukdtiby correspondent. 

woUU . C^^l^^ maktaby pi. maZrd- 
^tb, school, office. 

AJuiC« maktabay desk. 

(w.^oJliL« . Cy,y C^ maktooby pi. 
makdteeby written, a letter. 

^S\ . «i^ kata\ akta\ a twisted 

. «s^ or U»»lj^ . \s£^ ket-khudd 
(Persian; corrupted into kidhid 
or kihia) , steward of an estate, 

v^I^I . \.SjS kitfyjpl. aktdf{{emiji.)y 

t^JjS katafay he seized by the 
shoulder, pinioned. 

Oj(U^ . KSJJ^jiS katkooty pi. katd' 
keety chicken. ^TP^ 

2Gl^ kutlay mass, bulk, lump, bunch, 
trunk of human body or tree. 

JS katamay he concealed, kept 
silence or a secret. 

JiCf takattamay he kept silence, 
withheld the truth. 

^Ul^ or JiS katm^ o^ feyxfs.ww^ ^"^s^- 

( 232 ) 


J\jJi] Jt^ Jcdtim el-asrdr, concealer 
of secrets^ a confidential secre- 

^Joji - ^j^lif kattdn, linen^ flax; 
qotn, cotton. 

iXxjS Tcateena (Italian), watch- 
chain, catena. 

\_}y^ or v_^,-^^y katheeth, or katheef, 

thick, dense (hair, foliage, 

liquid) . 
iJiS otJjS kisr, or hasra, abundance, 
.li^ ^yJoS kateer, pi. kitdr, many, 

much, numerous. 
ySti ^yS\ aktar, more; el-aktar, 

the most, at most. 

^ kattara, he made increase, 

' ' • - *^ kattar khatrak, thanks ! 

may your happiness increase ! 
J\^ or Jifi takassara, or takdsara, 
it became abundant. 

JlaB* or J«^ kohl, or kiUdl, pow- 
der of burnt frankincense or 
almonds used as a black dye 
for the eyelids. 

y}j^ kaheelf black-eyed, kohl- 

XLfat^ ^xc ^ain kdheela, eye adorned 
with kdlil, 

}la^ mik-hala, kohl-bottle. 

J^kVI al'kohol, alcohol. [Jj[/^ 

Jj^ kohail, thoroughbred horse. 

(J>-t^ . J^l^ kdhil, pi. katvdhil, 

/dar^ - (-5^ i/7^la, steward (see 

jj kaddy fatigue. 

j^ kadr, g^ief, annoyance. 

j^ kaddara, he vexed, caused 


ixC takaddara, he felt grieved. 
i>0^ - lixC* mokaddar, vexed. 

aggrieved; motakaddir, feeling 

j^^i kadam, bruise, contusion. 

sUiSS or \jS kazd, or kazdltk, 
thus, like that. 

u^i^ A:i(£&, lie, falsehood. 

h^si] akzooba, lie, lying. 

^dS kazaba, he told a lie ; (the 
gun) missed fire. 

mJ^si - K^i^ kdzib, or kadddb, 

^i^j^\ amr kdzib, slander, libel. 

\^S^ j^\j ,x»-l akhbara bi-amr 

kdzib, he uttered a libel. 


~jSS kazzaba, he contradicted, 
gave the lie to. 

^^SL^j^\ amr makzoob, ial&ehooA, 
an afi*air which has been lied 

jjSS or jS karra, or takarrara, it 

jji karrara, he made recur, re- 
peated ; he refined sugar. 

.1^ takrdr, repetition, recurrence. 

j}j3 talreer, a causing of repeti- 
tion ; a refining of sugar. 

\S . i^S karra, pi. karrdi, a 

r., « 

\ t\iive, oue^. 


( 233 ) 


• J1C« moTcarrar^ repeated ; refined 

hj^ ^t^t awdmir moJcarrara, re- 
peated orders. 

hj\J kurrdriya, bobbin, reel of 
cotton, &c. 

uj>j^ kroob (European), croup ; 

a Krupp gun. 

L-^ karb, distress, indigence. 

k^jji Tcarab, yoke-pin of plough. 

'j^ korbdj, courbash, hippopo- 
tamus-hide whip ; a flogging, 

J'j^ horbdl, vine-trellis ; raft- 
frame. ^-kJ^^XJ 

^X kdro (European), car, cart. 

K^YjS korrdt, leek, garlic. 

t)]S] - dJ kurd, pi. akrddf Koord, 

^^^ kerddn (Persian gerden, 
neck), necklace. 

J J karazy cherry. 

'ij\J kirdza, church service, sermon. 

lJ^^J - i-]^ korrdsa, pi. kardrees, 

folio, pamphlet, copy - book ; 

several sheets sewn together. 

py^Lf^ ^^^*^^^'* wrist. [>-a«^ - j*m. 
r_o^j i korsof, a piece of cotton 

L^lr^ ■ vS"*!/^ kursty, pi. kardsi, 

chair, throne, locus. 
Kl«^l ^^ kursiy el-mamlaka, 

capital town. 

i^J karasha, he drove off, chased 

f^ji kirsh (femin.), paunch, tripe; 

\J^^ takarrcbsha, it was wrinkled. 

L^y^j^ karshooniy (Syriac) , Arabic 
written in Syriac characters. 

L<^,j^ koreishiy, a sort of muslin. 

aj]yi - e|^ korda', pi. kawdria', 

trotters of sheep or ox. 

^-c^l^ kawdria'iy, a seller of 

,j*J/ karafs, celery. 

sl/fi kurk (Turkish), fur, fur-coat. 

^jS kurkiy, crane, stork. 
iSjli karaka, calico. 

dS]ji karrdka (Italian), dredger, 
rake. [or iS\jS 

C..^^^ karkaba, he threw into 
disorder, confused. 

xxiji karkaba, confiision, commo- 
' tion, uproar. 

^.-oiiT^ kardkeeb, lumber, confu- 
sion of rubbish. 

jjj^ karkadann, rhinoceros. 

j^ji karam, nobleness, respect, 
favour, generosity. 

ho\^ kardmaj miracle, benevolence. 

j^jS karrama, he honoured, showed 

Jji - fjji kareem, pi. Mr dm, noble, 

^S yic 'afw kareem, gracious par- 
don, or amnesty by the king. 
.C* mokarram^ ennobLad^ \sk&V^ xs^. 


( 234 ) 



iij^i' kareema (used in Turkish), 

j%j^- ^ harm, pi. koroom (Syrian), 

vine. [c*-^ 

ii*^^]/f or ^-^^ kurunb, cabbage, 

i»'J/ kumdfa, butt-end of rifle. 

s^CL.1 or x^ karaha, or istakraha, 
he abhorred, loathed. 

*fc!^ kardha, abomination. 

jj^l akraha, he showed violence, 

«)^l ifcrciA, violence. Li? 

Jb^ kareeh, hateful, detestable. 

Sj iU makrooh, hated ; hence, a sin 
hateful to God. 

^jfji - iji kora, pi. Arora, ball, globe. 

ijoJi\ iji korat el-ardj globe of the 

j^jj^ korawiy, globular. 

\j^S karawiyd, carvi, food given 
to an invalid. 

i^^ karawaita, bedstead, sofa. 
^^^ji karawdn, partridge, 
]S kird, hire. \a\ 

ijij^ kdra, he let on hire. 
fj^\ iktara, he took on hire. 
^j^ yokra, it is to let. 
^S^ mokra, let, hired. 
SI.IC* mokdrdt, hire. 

g^lC« mokdri, he who lets on hire, 
especially one who lets out 
animals on hire. 
jC« mokir, muleteer. 
^^^ Korosko, a village on the 
jS^i'Je about baU-waj between 
Assouan and Wady Haifa. 

j)ji kozdz, a shivering from cold. 

ijf^ or ijjji kusbura, coriander. 
^^jiS ku88, vulva. 

\mm^Mk1^\ or C— ^M»^ kasaha, or ikta^ 
saba, he gained, profited. 

L--;LwiJI or L^^.^ kasb, or iktisdb, 
gain, profit. 

^Umi3 kasbdn, he who gains, suc- 
cessful in trade. 

(w^MyX^ maksab, profit, gain. 

L^y** C .^ maJcsoobj gained, the profit 

Juui^ kusba, paste of sesame oil, 
fattening food. 

^JjamJ kustabdn (Turkish), thimble. 
^-MjJ^I or ^>*jLo (^M*fi» kasak), 

mokassah, or aksah, cripple, 
maimed, paralytic. 

cLuJ kasdd, dulness of trade, 
nothing doing. 

sJ'i kdsid, dull trade. 

yZji or juJ kasara, or kassara, he 
broke, broke into, defeated. 

jmCj] inkasara, it was broken, he 
was defeated. 

jyui ^ f*S kasTy pi. hosoor, a break- 
ing, fraction. 

i-->UIl juJ kasr el'bdbj a breaking 

in of the door (a legal term 
for burglary). 

ijmi kasra, short ''i'' vowel-sound. 

jy*^ mak^oor, broken, broken in 
heart or spirit, sorry; marked 
1 Yr\\3i ^Ai^ " \».«t%." 

■ Hill ^ 

( 235 ) 



j»**L^ mulcassar, broken; a broken 
or irregular plural. 

iji***^ takseera, a breakage^ break. 
ji-***S^i or yj^\ ekseer, or el-elcseer, 
elixir, the philosopher's stone. 

^**J Tcasa'j it sailed down with the 
current, came down the Nile. 

d^ iM 'v . . K^ ^yn i kosoof (see also 
khosoof), eclipse of sun. 

u-iM-/ kasafa, he shamed, dis- 

{^yuL^e maksoofy sorry, ashamed, 

^amJ kasfa, disappointment, vexa- 

Ci^^f - lil^jAmJ kasfareet, lucifer 
match. Evidently a corruption of 
phosphorus and kibreet, sulphur. 

itSuJ kaskasa, he drew back, 

recoiled. L^fi^ 

(Jmx^ kasal, laziness, idleness. 
^JLMS kaslduy lazy. 
J^KJ takdscda, he became lazy. 
luJ Kasald, a town in the E. Soudan. 

L5**^ or vjrjLii^ - iy*J kiswa, pi. 
kasdwi, or kisa, dress, style of 
dress, dress or cover of the 
Ka'aba at Mecca ; hence a 
religious ceremony at Cairo at 
the making of this cover. [iA*f 

^m$jS\ iktaaa, he dressed himself, 

^j^ kashsha, he recoiled, shrank ; 

it was wrinkled. 
ijLx^ taksheesha, wrinkle. 
^iJ kashah, flank, short ribs. 

Uir*^ kiishari, lentils and rice, 
" kidgeree/' 

JtS kaslishara, he frowned, showed 

)a^ kashata, he scratched out, 

erased. [k^ 

i^Ju2j kashafa, he revealed, laid 

bare, examined. 

t— p*ld inkashafa, it was revealed, 

sAJl^t iktashafa, he revealed 

IjHilm] istakshafa, he inquired 
into, or wished to uncover. 

- J r A 



i - 

kaslif, pi. koshoof, or koshoofdt, 
revelation, discovery, inquiry, 
" reconnaissance ; " official list 
or report. 

^^aL (..aA^ kashf tubbiy, medical 

iiJU Jm] ^ uJuti' kashf '(da 
aa'ydn sdbitaj ^^ visite des 
lieux,'' legal inspection of a 

V— i-iiJI ^ fi I'kashf, in the open, 

in the open air. 
i\jiJ kashsTidf, census. [jIjjo 

^JUS or uJ^\^ kdshif, or kashshdf, 

official searcher, superintendent. 

CJUL^ kishk, wheat and milk paste. 

Ja^ kazam, throat, gullet. 

JaS kozima (passive), he was 

J&>^ kdzim, reticent. 

i^4R^ . C«^^ ka*b, pi. ko'oob, 
ankle, knuckle, dice, cube. 

htii Ka'ba^ the Ke^'eAa^ ojt ^«c«xs>r^ 


( 236 ) 


]^ - C^^<vcl^ hd'yibj pi. Jcawd'yib, 
virgin of Paradise. 

Ci,.^wvo moka'a'bj cubed, cubic. 
lLAjJ^ ka'k, cake. 

v—i^-u-i^ fozj^ pi. kofoof, (femin.) 
palm of hand ; glove, slap, 
blow : a hem. 


iui Tiiffa, platter of a pair of 
scales ; sling ; kuffa, hem. 

<— ft^ fl / kafeef, blind, almost blind. 

^ u-ft^ kaffa 'an, he kept aloof, 
withdrew his hand, ceased 

\;^ u-i^ kaffa hasaroho, he became 
blind, his eyesight ceased. 

u-AftC takaffafoy he kopt putting 
out his hand to beg, was 
a beggar. 

Sj^^ or ijsS kufiya, head-shawl. 

XJj^ or ^jiS kufta (Persian), meat- 

m kaffa, the whole, all. 


isMS or s\JlS kafd, or kafdia, 

jiS kafw, equal, similar. 

^\^ or \i^ kdfd, it was equal to, 
he rewarded. 

ivilC* or Afl^ kifd, or mokdfdt, 
equality ; a reward, compen- 

iAiS kifdya, sufficiency. 

^^ or ^^^JlJ kafiy, or kdfi, 

^^^a6 - ^^^aJ Jca/a, it sufficed ; 

/vz^ i^ BuficoB, IB eiiough. 

^^ or ^ ^a/a, or kdfa, it 


^\^ kdfa, he rewarded. [vio 

,^1^1 iktafa, he was content, 

CL>TilCe - S'ilC) mokdfdt, pi. mofea- 
/(id^, reward, prize at school. 

J^ or ^fti" kafaha, or kdfaha, 

he made war. Cs^^ 

^lif kifdh, mutual war. 

^ kafara, he disbelieved in Allah. 

.-A-f A;t/r, disbelief in Allah; 

j\iS or S^A^ .yli fca/?r, pi. kafara, 

or kuffdr, disbeliever. 

j^ ghidour (Turco-Persian for 
kdfir), disbeliever. 

JS kaffara, he expiated his own 
sin ; forgave another. 

j^takfeer, expiation, forgiveness. 
.Ui' kaffdr, very impious, atheist. 

8.U^ kaffdra, expiation, funeral 
oflRerings of charity. 

j^ ^jiS kafr, pi. kofoor, village. 

j^^ kdfoor, camphor. 

JslJ kafala, he went bail for 
another, guaranteed. E^;^ 

filiS - Joif kafeel, pi. kufald, 
he who goes bail. 

XIW kafdla, guarantee, fact or 
amount of bail* 

Jlfti'l - Jif fca/aZ, pi. akfdl, haunch. 


( 237 ) 


^^ kaffana, he shrouded a dead 

Jf 1 - J^ hil, (imperative) eat thou ! 

(see akala), 

/* ** 

^ - J^ Jcull, all ; hdloh, all of it. 

4^jL« Jf kull minhom, every one of 


*)o-)^ Jf feWZ Wahid y each one. 


^K kulliy, universal. 

iyJli kulliya, totality. 

ijJl^lj or hdS kulUyatan, or itZ- 
kulliya, altogether, totally. 

UJi kullamd, whenever, whatever, 
all that. 

(JjJil ikleel, crown, diadem ; rose- 

(JJ^ kallala, he crowned. 

JjJlio taldeel, coronation ; Coptic 
marriage ceremony. 

1^ fcaiZd, not at all, an emphatic 
negative. No ! on the con- 

UK - K kild, (femin.) kUtd, both. 

i-^K . Vi^xK kelb, pi. HZab, dog. 

^,^1^1 ^1 ibn d'kelbf son of a 
dog, a term of abuse, exactly 
the same as the Turkish 
'' KyoopdV ijt^] viX/ 

C««J1^ kaliba, the dog went mad ; 
the man had hydrophobia. 

^^K kaldh, rabies, " rage/^ hydro- 

^^iC« makloob, bitten by a mad 
dog) rabid. 

his kidldba, pincers, hook. 

ffi^ kalabshj handcuffs. 

\JyS or ]j}i kolard (European), 
cholera. [LaJJb 

^imjlK* - ^^jJi kih, lime, calcium ; 
takleesy calcination. 

u.fiK kaltfa, he undertook. 

iftK kulfa, responsibility, anxiety, 

undertaking, expense. 

u-a}^ kallafa, he consigned, en- 
trusted a task to ; it cost ; 
he invited, legally summoned. 

u.AjJI^ . ^:!^ takleef, pi. takdleef, 
burden, imposition, ceremony, 
bother, fuss ; invitation ; legal 
summons ; oflScial receipt for, 
or acknowledgment of, amount 
of land held by a taxpayer (see 

jy^^csAi ^^Sji&i taTdeef hil-hodoor, 
a legal summons to appear, 

c&KJ takallafa, he held or made 
himself responsible, undertook, 
put himself to trouble. 

u^ftK^ mokallafy held responsible ; 
invited, capable ; summoned 

iJkXmi . J^j . liiL^ mokallafa^ 
schedule or register of land 
tax, i.e, the amount of land 
for which a man is responsible 
(see wird and qaseema). 

uJXc - v-iU kalldf, seller of 
fodder for cattle (see ^alldf). 

\ alcl6j> «:!g«tks^^'«i* 

Jd or Ji kallama, or taTcaUama, 
he spoke. [Jy 

JiS kaldm, speech, aflfair spoken 

ul/^ - Ltii kUmay or kelima, pi. 
kelimdtj word. 

>-JL^ kdlama, he spoke with^ 

^IC« mukdlama, interview, 


J^ mutakaUim, speaker; first 
person singular. 

ajJi kileem (Turkish), carpet, rug. 

i^yLi - 8^ kilwa, or kulwa, 
pi. kaldwi, kidney. 

fC^ kUvny, renal, of the kidneys, 

Ul^ . K kild, (femin.) kUtdy both. 
ji kam, how many ? how much ? 
A^ ^1 afeam yom (colloquial), a 

few days. 
UkT kamdy as, in the same way as. 
^Jj^ kamdn, also, more, again. 

^ " ^ kom, (femin.) konna, ye, 

[4S komdy ye two. 
JU4^ kammiya, quantity. 
aU^I - 2i kummy pi. akmdm, sleeve, 

J^aS - I^ kimmy pi. kimdmy calyx, 

i<l4^ or J^ kimdmy or kimdma, 
muzzle J bit. 

iuS iamdi, truMes. 

Z\jJaS kamUdla (Italian), bill of 

2ljUL4C!1 C^x^Um sdhib el'kambidla, 

drawer of a bill. 

Z^M^Li] JjLJ qdhil d'kamhidla, 
acceptor of a bill. 

SIUaa^I iU'^ hdmil el'kambidla, 
bearer of a bill. 

2'jU4i!l iIk^^ mohed d-kambidla, 
transferor, endorser of a bill. 

.oil c:*A^ ilbuu^ kambidla taht izn, 
biU (payable) to order. 

f^j<^ kommatroy pear, pear tree. 

jaS kamar (Persian, waist), girdle, 

CJ.U - viJ^ kumruky pi. kamd- 
rik (from Greek, through 
Turkish gyoomruk)y Custom- 
house, the Customs. 

el 'kumruky smuggling, contra- 
band. [^J>^ 

^CJL^ komsdri (European), com- 
missionaire, commissary, rail- 
way guard. 

iiU^ kammdshay tongs. 

JUf kamdly perfection, entirety. 

J.<K kdmil, perfect, entire, whole, 

J^ or {JjiS kammalay or ahmala, 

ho completed. 

jUI or (Jj^i takmedy or lArmaZ, 
a completing. 

(Jju^ takmedy the whole. 

*|ijg^ iahneeliy, supplementary, 



( 239 ) 


iL^ takmila, complement, balance. 

Jw^JCLmI istakmala, he tried to 
complete or attain. 

JUs^uS Tcama/tija (Persian), fiddle, 
long thin viol. 

^^jJ^ kameen, ambush. 
^^ kdmin, a man in ambush. 
^ytS kammoon, herb cummin. 
^ - ^ konna, femin. of kom, 
ye, your. 

^ kanna, he concealed, covered 

^J^ - Hi kanna, pi. kandyin, 

^yl^ kdnoon, stove, hearth; Ka- 
noon I. and II., Syrian months 
of December and January. 

jyS ^JjS kinZf or kanz, pi. konooz, 
hidden treasure. 

i^ kanasa, he swept. 

Am\yS or (^jJi^ kanSf or kondsa, a 

i^jL^ miknasa, broom. 

^i*JU^ - ij*iJuS kaneesa, pi. kandyis, 

u-ftjo^ kaneef, latrine, w.c. 

iilif kondfa, sweetstuff, a special 
dish of fine macaroni much 
eaten during Ramadan. 

ijuS or iJjS kindya, or kunya, 
allusion, metonymy ; nick- 
name. [^-^ 

Lj^ kahrubd (Persian, kah, a 
straw, and rubd, snatching; 
hence straw- snatcher), amber. 

i^Sbj^ kahrubdiyaf electricity. 

(j^ or ^U^ kahramdn, or kdrim 

(colloquial), amber. 
«— iff kahf, cave. 

^JiXni or CJ^ kahk (better ia'Jk), 

J^f - Jfi' /caAZ, pi. kohool ; middle 
aged; elderly. 

ib[^ kihdnay fortune-telling. [X»Uc 

^Ufi" - ^^Jf kdhin, pi. kahana, 
augur, Levite, priest. 

iifi* kohna, rags, tatters. [iJp- 

L--;!^l - i^y fe)o6, pi. akwdb, bowl. 

t^^ ioo6ri (for Turkish kyupru), 

^^ kookhf hut. 

jAj> ^1 jli - d^ kod, a wishing, a 
being on the point of; as kdd 
an yaqa\ he almost fell. 

iJ^ (j^ kooz), kdza, groin. 
j^ kooTy large bellows of forge. 
CJ^^ korak (Turkish kyu/rek), spade. 
j]J] -j^ kooz, pi. akwdz, pitcher. 
S .j) ;^ kooz durra, a head of maize. 

KjLm^ koostaka (Turkish), long 

2Lm^ koosala, sole-leather. 

i^t^koosa, small vegetable-marrow. 

iuLc«l or L^^ kosha, or ameena^ 

sIXJH^ kooshk (Persian kyooshk), 

c)^l - c^ kooa'j pi. akwda\ elbow. 



( 240 ) 


Jv^ Koofiy, Koofic, a style of Arab 
writing, named after Koofa. 

ijij h>ojiya, head-shawl. 

«w^l^ - S-^^ kawkah, pi. Tcawd- 
hiby star. [^ 

J^^l - (Jjji ho'olj al'ko'ol, alcohol. 

j^^l ^jui . i^l^l - ^^ horn, pi. 

aAifdm, heap, mound, village 

often built on high ground, as 

Shebeen el-kom. 
^y hatvwama, he heaped up. 
^•Z fcJn, existence, the fact of, 

because ; viz., i.e. 
iiiJ konoho, his existence, while he 

^J 2U. hdlet kon, although, while 

^^J M - ^^^3 li'kon, because ; ma' 

kdn, although. 
!\j^ kd7iiy, real, actual. 
^•G - ^Ji kdna, he was, existed ; 

yakoouy he, it is. [ il^ 

^J kawwana, he created, put 

^^ takween, creation, genesis. 

J*S3 takkawwana, it took form, 

became formed. 
^\i kdyin, existing, he who is. 

•I . . . ^J^ kdna . . . aw, either . • . 

or ; whether it be . . . or. 
^Ul - JC^ makdn, pi. amdkin, 

place. L(j^ 

"[j^Araiy, cautery; ironing linen, &c. 

^J kaxva, he cauterized, ironed 

^yi\ iktawa, he burnt or cau- 
terized himself. 

SyU mikwa, flat iron. 

^J3 or ^ kai, or li-kai, in order 

li^ - k:>^^ ^^^L^ kait wa kait, 
thus and thus (a colloquialism 
for kazd). 

iSjL^ or iuS kaid. or makeeda. 
plot, ruse, intrigue. \}^^i^ 

^^Uf I - ^jnjS kees, pi. akyds, purse^ 
bag, sack, hair glove. 

d^ ir^ ^^^* f^oqoodj a purse of 

^JLj-a^U mokayyisdtiy, professional 
rubber with the hair glove in 
the Turkish bath. 

ir^,y^ kowayyis or kwice, nice> 
pretty, excellent. 

{^^^ akwas, nicer, better. 

u^/ kaif, how ? in Turkish it 
has the special meaning of 
taking one's ease, dolce far 
niente ; exhilaration. 

Smj^ kaifiya, the howness, quality ; 
details or state of the case. 

JCf^u^ kaifinja (Turkish military 
term), stand easy ! 

a'oT kvydla, a measuring of grain. 

JoSo - J\^ kdla, he measured grain ; 
yakeel, he measures. 

ibi^ kaila, a measure of nearly 2 
pecks, or 3f gallons ; 16i litres, 
or l-12th of an ardab. 

jUi' kayydl, a professional mea- 
surer of grain. 

JluICo . Ji^J^ mikydl, pi. mahay^ly 
a standard of measure for grain. 


( 2-tl ) 


^^f kalloon, the plate-lock of a 
door or box. [Jii> 

^JUll^ hawideeniy, lock-maker. 

^Uuai' or ^Lm^a^ keemiya, chemistry, 
perhaps derived from Icem or 
Mem, an old name for Egypt; 
alchemy, rational magic as 
opposed to seemly a, false magic. 

^ It w» 

j^^Uj^ Iceemdwiy, chemical. 

lJ^^'^ JjJl^ talileel Iceemdwiy, 

chemical analysis. 
iilA,| ]<S Malik, Coptic month of 


J Ldni. Value = 30. 

dlJ - jd - J /a, to, for ; /a/to, to 
him ; lak, to thee. 

^ - J U, to, for, because of; in 

order to ; lee, to me. 
4)dl ////rt/t, to God. 

r^S - (J?-^ Z/-ay7, because ; Udiy, 

why ? for what ? 
c— >'jum1I1 8J^ li'hazlhi H-ashdb, for 

these reasons. 
<,v^ A^ li'^aihim hodoorihl,owm<^ 

to his absence. 
^^ /i-A(5M,becausc, for the fact that. 
I j'^ ll-mdzd, why ? for what ? 
«^>J « X-sf}^ lll-eejar, for hire ; 

ll-mahee^a, for sale. 
icLJJ Iis-sda'a (lissa), up to now, 

not yet. 

UjU-o ^;^^ li-yalcoon ma'loomdn, 
lot it be known ! 

J - J law - Z/, if - then (coordinate 

conjunctions) . 

dS^a'ji >U- J Zaii; jd U-nazartoh, if 
he had come I should have 
seen him. 

) Id, not. 

ujLm) Id-aeeyamdy nothing is equal 
to it; especially. 

S^U - cJL - ^J (Zafea) maZeifc, 
pi. maldylka, messenger, angel 
(see also CJLe). 

A^ - Ji lama, he blamed (see lorn) . 

A^ Idma, he repaired, joined the 

pieces together. 
Jji\ iltdma, it collected, came 


JSji\ iltiydm, a coming together, 

JuLo multayim, collected, joined. 

^y - iar>il Idyiha, note, circular 
(see loll). 

^ JS - <|^ looloo, pi. /aaZi, pearl. 

c^^ - CLJ h(hb, pi. loboob, pulp, 

kernel, heart. 
iU! Hbdba, crumb, gruel. 
C^^^jJ labeeb, gentle, sincere. 

L^^^ labah, martingale, breast 

Aj3 llbba, necklace ; labba, bosom, 

u-^SLJ labldb, creeping plant. 
^jjJui leblebi (Turkish), parched 

Indian corn, 
i^ labwa, lioness. [JumI 

<wJJ lawlaby meial spring, watch 
spring. Q^U^ 

V ^. 


( 242 ) 


jJ labita, he remained, stayed. 

ikv! lahlxha, poultice (Turkish? 

lapa) . 
Jj lahhakh, the common acacia of 

Egypt; albizzialahbahhi; acacia 

43jJ lahada, he lurked, lay in wait 

SjjJ Kfcda, felt ; peasant^s felt cap. 

Sj'JJ labbdda, felt horse-cloth. 

, m*jJL) - . imjJ labisa, he dressed 
himself; yalbls, he dresses. 

i^wjJ /i65, clothing, dress. 

Lt*x.\] - i/'^J Z/&a^, pi. albisa, 
drawers, clothiug. 

i^^jJU malboos, clothed ; inspired, 
devotee ; mad, epileptic. 

^*^SLo or CL;Li^JLo malboosdt, or 
maldbis, clothes. 

^y«jui!l iltabasa, it was muffled up, 

i^UiSl iltibds, ambiguity, doubt. 

^yy>,juLL^ viultabis, ambiguous, 
obscure in meaning. 

iH^ talabbasa, he was implicated 
in, was in the act of doing. 

XjUJIj UmSCU «^ib^ shoohida mutor 
lahhisdn bil-jinaya he was seen 
in the act of crime ; he was 
detected flagrante delicto. 

,t^^jLA^^ mulabbas, sweetmeats, 

^JiJ IMi, bundle of brushwood 
for dams. 
^£lLuiJ*/^<^^?^^//a,embanking acanal, 
or making a dam with lihsh. 

LJU! labliba, piece of soft stuff, 
dough. [LU 

^ lahan, milk. 

C.^'x>i»- ^ laban haJeeb, fresh 
(milked) milk. 

^j^ljj labbdn, milkman. 

^jyjilaboon, milch, giving milk ; also 
a suckling, young camel, &c. 

^jUI lubdn, gum mastic for chewing ; 

resin for pastilles or incense. 
^U! libdn, tow-rope for boats. 

^UJ Jjk5»- Jebel lAd)ndn, Mount 

«iU3 labbailc, Lo ! Hero I am 
before Thee, Oh God! '' Ad- 
Slim" (pilgrim^s ejaculation). 

ii^jJI ^-aJ lalba ed-da'wa, he died; 
he said '^ Labbaik," '' Adsnm/' 
to the call of God. 

jujlLJ talbiya, the phrase ^^ lab- 
bail'/' &c. 

u::^ /a^ia, he bruised, shook. 

Jal or Ji! latama, he slapped. 

jLial lathma, a kiss. 

Jol Uthdmy woman's veil over the 
mouth ; mask. 

JUJ or Jl! laththama, or talat1itli<ima, 
ho wore a mask, muffled his 
face (brigand, robber). 

L^^Jtl - iuti Z/sa, pi. lisds, gums of 
the mouth. 

J Zoya, he persisted, repeated. 
J^ or Ja:' lajlaja, or talajtaja, 
"Vie Vfe^\) OTL T^^^^\»v[i^^ ^^Vst^i^ 


( 243 ) 


is} lujja, sea ; largo tract of land 
inundated bj the Nile. 

W\it or ^'<^ lajd, or iltajdj he 
sought refuge. 

W' aZ/ft, ho forced, induced. 
Vac^ maljd, place of refuge. 
^o^^ 'niuLtajiy seeker of refuge. 
j,W lijdm, bit, curb. 

^Us* lajna, committee. 

j|- J {lahliaj alahha, he insisted, 

^W ilhdh, insistance, an urging. 

Sa^ lahd, niche inside a Moslem 

^j^ lahisa, he licked with the 

^^j^ lahs, a lick, licking. 

^s} lahaza, he glanced at, observed. 

jdW lahza, a glance, a moment. 

la^-X lahaza, he inspected, super- 

la^-Lo moldhiz, inspector; petty 

iida^SU moldhaza, inspection, re- 
mark, supervision. 

csj'-t^-ac^ - b^ac*^ malhooz, pi. 
mallioozdty observed, seen ; a 
remark, note, annotation. 

U-3W Uhdf, bed-sheet, wrapper. 

^js} laliiqa, it reached, was in 
touch with. 

^^ alJiaqa, he overtook, reserved. 

^JJLs'' Uhaijni, Help ! reach me ! 

Jfat^ mulhaq, annexe, attached, 
belonging to. 

jfd^ J Idhiq, attacher, in possession ; 
next in turn. 

Ia:^ lahma, piece of meat; flesh. 

dtysf - ^ lahm, pi. lohoom, meat, 

^>s*^ molahham, fleshy, obese. 

j^lae lihdm, solder. 

^^ lahuy sound, melody, accent, 

^W' - ^^J' alliay he sinned; t'ZAa, 
sin, bad conduct. 

^_jJ - iuae ZiVi/a, pi. ZiAa, beard. 

. , " . M^ 

iioAa^ lalihhata, confusion, mixture. 

)axat lahhbata, he mixed, confused. 

laAab^ talakhbata, it was mixed, in 

^Jass} . fjoa^ {lakhasa), lahhJchasaj 

he picked out the pith, sum- 

^joj^ talkhecs, summary, epitome. 

j^^^fla:^ molaJchkJiis, epitomiser; re- 
porter on a case, 

JLs^ lal'Makha, he made shakoj 

Ja)^ - Ltca^ lakhma, embarrass- 
ment; talakhkhamaj he embar- 
rassed himself. 

jJ^ ^ 8 jJ lida, birth (see walada) . 

^*3i or ^j^iVl la^on, or ZacZci, at, 
in presence of. 


( 244 ) 



Jjjj lazeez, delightful, delicious. 
iiiliil - SiijjJ lazeeza, pi. lazdyiz, 
pleasure ; delights, charms. 

•ill alazz, more delightful. 

«S*kU or cklll iltazza, or falazzaza, 
he delighted in, enjoyed. 


C^liiJLo malazzdt, delights, sensual 
pleasures, '^ delices,'* 

^\cjlazza ^a7a,he pushed, pressed. 

ij^ or ^J or -p^ lazija, or laziqa, 

or lasiqa, it stuck to, was 

^j^ lazzaqa, he gummed, pastedup. 

A^b . j»jJ lazima, it was necessary, 

attached to; yalzam, it is neces- 
AjjJ lozooMj necessity. 

Ajl Idzim, necessary. 

^y - hoj'i Idzima, pi. lawdziviy a 

necessary article. 

CdL«;I^ huvdzimdt, necessaries, 
stores (for army, &c). 

A^l alzama, he necessitated, held 
responsible, adjudged (costs) 

j^ji Idzama, he attended upon, was 

h$jl^ muldzama, attendance upon, 

a|SLo muldzwi, subaltern, lieutenant, 

A^l iltazama, he undertook, con- 
tracted for. 

aJ^aSI iliizdm, responsibility, con- 
tract, lease, feudal grant of land. 

A/-^ rfiultazim, contractor, Icase- 

^ A5jU mahoom bi, responsible 

ij^jl^ malzoomiya, responsibility. 

hojL^ mahama, quire ; clip, vice, 

j^j^ vwlzam, responsible. 

hu*ti lasa^Oy sting; bite of serpent. 

iuLjl . ^LJ Usdn, pi. alsina, tongue, 
language. [id 

^j\d ^U lUdn ddrij, vernacular, 
• or common dialect. 

JW' ^J^ lisdn el-hdl, day's doings; 
news, topics of the day ; i.e. if 
things could speak for them- 

^jLJ ^£ 'an lisdn, from hearsay. 

^ti - LiJ {las1id)y ialasha, it 
was ruined, spoilt ; taldshi, 

fjayA - JU lu88, pi. I08008, robber, 
burglar, brigand. [^J^ - 15^]/^ 

i^ - sf-J lasiqa, it adhered; Za^- 
««2a, he made adhere. 

1^1 or ^i Idsaqa, or iltasaqa, 
it was in contact ; adhered. 

LioLL* multasiq, adherent, con- 

^ ladama^ he threaded beads, 
a needle, &c. ; joined. 

^Jila! latasha, he slapped. 

uJlkll - cjy Zof/, pi. aZ^«/, kind- 
ness, grace. 

Sillal laidfa, grace, elegance ; wit. 

u-ftjW latcef, gracious, courteous, 

i^^ - SiuJei (ak'o/a, T^l. latdyif^ 


( 245 ) 


t— ft>LlJ taltecf, aflfability, a showing 

AJ^ Jatama, he slapped, beat. 

^1— bJlj taldtum, mutual collision, 
dashing together. 

L^^^ la'iha, he played. 

^^^S Ida'ba, ho fondled, played 
' with another. 

j^'Jl - <^^^ lia'b, pi. ala'db, a 
game, play. 

-jW lo'dby saliva. 

C^^N«L« maWby playground, circus. 

jimJ la' 8a, he bit, chewed. 
^jj laiqa, he licked, sucked. 

i^JLo - iSjJLo villa' (ja (mala'qa), 
pi. maUVylq, spoon. 


JjJ /aa'/Z, perhaps. [Uo. 

(J J /a7, garnet ; ruby ; carmine 

^ la'na, he cursed, blasphemed. 

^W Zra?i, imprecation ; a form 
of divorce. 

iuUi la'na, a curse, cursing. 

^yJLo mala'oon, accursed, damned. 

^jjj la'een, accursed. 

J'Jaj - j^l ala'n, literally, more 
accursed, but used in Egypt 
merely for " worse,^^ as the 
comparative of battdl, bad. 

yi highz, enigma, mystery. 

Lil la gilt, noise, uproar. 

v-JlajJ lagheef, receiver or con- 
cealer of stolen goods. 

^yJ - Ji lagham, pi. loghoom 
(Turkish), sewer, drain ; mill- 


tary mine of powder ; blasting 
charge for quarrying. 

k^JcI laghmata (colloquial), it was 

smeared, stained. 
yj laghw, nullity. [^^-i 

-cS Idghi, null, void. 
^Ji\ algha, he annulled, abolished. 

f'^Ji) ilghd, a making null and 

^^iU mulgha (or malghi) , annulled, 

CL^Ulu mulghdt, nullities, errors 

{^Ji . ifi Itujha, pi. lughdt, lan- 
guage, phraseology. [^U 

iiUL^->Ur fe/^ttft eZ-Zt///^ a, dictionary. 

^yi laghatuiy, linguistic, pedantic, 

^J Zajfa, he wrapped up. 

jJfJi lifdfa, wrapper, bandage. 

i«iJ laff, a wrapping up. 

u-ftjil lofeef, complex, wrapped. 


iUl laffdf, professional roZZ^ of 

t^aJL* malfoof, wrapped up ; 
vague ; a cabbage. 


caLo milaff, envelope, cover. 

d^ lafata, he turned to look. 

c:.^,ft— 1 Zo/i^, glance, a turning 

C>Aill iltafata, he turned his at- 
tention to, took care, paid 

( 246 ) 


multa-fit, painstaking, 

vj^«fl.. IJLm J istalfata, he asked 
(another) to pay attention^ drew 
his attention to. 

\£^ lift, turnips. 

^lil hiffah, mandrake. 


laiU or lai! lafaza, or talaffaza, he 
uttered, pronounced, spoke. 

fcUJl - ]oiS lafz, pi. a/fiiz, word, 
phrase, pronunciation. 

^ laffaqa, he hemmed, sewed 
together, trumped up a story ; 

jyiAj talfceq, humbug; a trumped- 
up case, a false accusation. 

^jiLo molaffaq, sham, trumped-up, 

c-^Ia]1 . ^.^ laqab, pi. alqdb, sur- 
name, nickname. 

L^aLo molaqqab, surnamed, oZiW. 
^Ic Ji laqaha a'la, he ejected at, 

uttered abuse, insult. 
— .liil or Ji laq-h, or laqdh, pollen, 


^-5j laqqaha, he impregnated, 

vaccinated. [^^aL 

LaI laqata, he picked up by chance, 

.XlaSl Zoj^a, treasure-trove. 

kjJi] laqect, a foundling, exposed 

c-ftAJ laqifa, he seized, caught at. 

ciftpU mdlqafy air-shaft on roof, 
sky- light. 

^jIaJ laqlaqa, ho made shake, 

jfiUI laqldq, stork. 

^ - SuSl loqma, pi. loqam, morsel. 

^IaSI Loqmdn, the Oriental -^sop; 
a fabulist. 

>>aU talqeem, ceiling, panelled 

^j-A.-J laqqana, he instructed, 
prompted, suggested, dictated. 

^iilJ talqeen, suggestion, a prompt- 
ing; funeral oration. 

^^^ftLo moJaqqan, prompted (speech) ; 
not ono^s own genuine evidence 
or ideas. 

^UJ liqd, the face ; a meeting face 

to face. 
^aIII or ^ laqiay or Utaqay ho 

found ; met with. 

^1 alqa, he threw down, charged, 

15*^ or ^iS Idqa, or taldqa, he 

mot, interviewed. 
^SU talaqqa, he went to meet, 


^'JiU ^iija, in front of. 

Juij >Ulj ^j^ mm iUqd nafsihi, of 
his own accord or right. 

JUJL mvldqdt, a meeting face to 
face, interview. 

^JLo mulqay or mulqi, thrown 

1L# - ^^jaIuu*! istalqa, he threw 
himself down, reclined (see 
also salqa). 


( 247 ) 


^ - CJi laky to thee; lakom, to ye. 
jiJ or J3 lakdha, or lahada, he 

'slapped, struck. 

^ or jJ3 lakaza, or lakama, he 
struck. [|«ial 

i^i! or ijLoKI lakamiya, fist. [jlaju 

^ji^K3 lakdkeem, blows with the 

^ - j^ Za/ci/i, but ; lakunna, to 

ye (femin.). 

^1 - ^ lakina, he stammered ; 

alkauy stammerer. 
^Cl likai, in order that. [^^ 

J lam, not (past sense with aorist 

tense) . 
j^ J lam yakoriy it was not. 

i^Lj J . jJb J lam yalid wa lam 

yoolad, (Allah) did not beget 
and was not begotten. 

^,^aG J Lo md lam yiktib, unless 

he should write. 
UJ lammd, when that, since that. 
I! lamma, he gathered, picked up. 

JJl illammaf it formed a crowd, 
they collected in a crowd. 

a^aLo malmoom, gathered, collected. 
^ lamalia, he glanced at ; it 


shone, sparkled. 


^>J lammahay he hinted or alluded 

Iss^ lamha, glance, sparkle, hint. 

-^U!l ^ lamh el-basivy an object 

clearly seen, distinct view. 
^XA^j talmeehj allusion, a hinting. 

^*^^ lamasa, he touched, handled. 

ij*^ lamsy touch, a touching. 

^iM^S Idmisy he who touches. 

Im^ l^ qowwa Idmisa, sense of 

^*Mi Idmasa, he touched mutually. 

Sm^SU muldmasa, caress, fondling. 

^i*^.icjL11 iltamasaj he besought, 
asked humbly. 

j^L^wUl iltimds, supplication, 

Jaji\ SjUI ,^»,UjJ1 iltimds ia'ddet 
en-nazar, Requete Civile, plea 
for a new hearing of a civil suit. 

«4L . mA^ lama'a,it shone, sparkled ; 

yalma\ it sparkles. 

M^ ldmia\ brilliant. 

•aLo molamma', diverse; mixed 

Jul lamlam, atriplex halimus. 

iuJ luma, help-meet, wife; equal, 
one of a pair, 

Ja}j ^^ - ^ji Ian, not ; Ian tanzor, 
thou wilt not see. 

w^^A^ lahiba, it flamed. 

(w^^'il) iltahaba, it was inflamed. 

h^ or ^•««:^^ laheeb (vulgarism, 
lahlooba), flame. 

L-i>lf()l iltihdb, inflammation. 

^^A^IL« muUahib, inflamed. 

isi lahja, tongue, language, [iai 

lt^ or ^^j*^ lahasa, he licked 
with the tongue. 

«-^ lahf, regret, complaint. 

uJuflS or s^Jt^ lahifa, or talahhafa, 
ho loiyg^d fet, x^^^:^XRi^- 


( 2t8 ) 


A^\ ^ ^ {lahima) ilhdm, divine 

inspiration. I^lj^J 

^^)l« mulham, inspired by God. 

^ lahhama, he passed on^ handed 

^fill or l^ lahd, or iltaka, he 

amused himself. 
»|1 Za/iw, pl^y* amusement, [v*-^ 
^Jlj taldha, ho amused himself. 

^lU - j,^ milhay pi. inaldhiy 

plaything ; musical instrument. 

J - ^ Zati; - li, if - then (co- 
ordinate conjunctions). 

aJjlaJj <xUc y 7at^ a'malaho li-nazar- 
toll, if he had done it, I should 
have seen it. 

S ^ Za?t; Za, unless. 

J • wa law, although. 

^Lw J or ^jjJ loobiya, haricot beans; 
dolichos lubia. 
Jlawwasa^he soilcd^besmirched. 

JU talawwasa, it became soiled, 

iiJU CL>Ju« molawwas bid-dam, 
(clothes, &c,) stained with 
-.1 Jl . -.J Z<?A, pi. alwdhy tablet ; 

sheet or piece of metal ; plank, 

board ; pane of glass ; wooden 

shovel for grain. 
i>^^ loha, one piece, a plank; 

notice board. 
-.Jiji talawwaha (colloquial), he 

sickened, grew feeble. 

JLl - iar^y Idyiha, pi. lawdyih, note, 
circulavj dccrcCj statute. 


: J - S;^ loza, an almond ; tonsil^ 
gland ; loz, almonds. 

k)^ Loot, the patriarch Lot. 

iLl^ -15W Zoo^ry, sodomite; liwdta, 

i^-ijJ - u-iy Z^jo/* (see Ze^?/*). 

O? " l5t (^^2) lo>wwaqa, he sowed 
seed and then smoothed and 
beat down the surface of tho 
soil ; sowing after the inunda- 
tion, in soft soil. 

iiJol^^ lo'canda (Italian), hotel, 

^JLo or aJ lom, or maldm, blame. 

^ Jb - A^ Idma, he blamed ; yaloom, 

he blames, 
auk JLo moldm 'alcih, fault, for 

which he is blamed. 
^•U or hcyLo mtddwama, or taUi- 

wuiyiy mutual blame. 
^Ul - ^^ Idn, pi. alwdn, colour, 

tint, hue. 

^y lawwana, he coloured. 

^pj talawwana, it became coloured ; 
he was shifty, hypocritical. 

^pLo molawwan, coloured, false, 

jcJu> - j^J Zat^a, he twisted, bent; 

yaltvi, he twists. 

^_^pLj or j^yfll iltawa, or talavnva, 
it became bent, twisted. 

jcJU or <^^U malwi, or viidtatvi, 
bent, folded. 

LU liwdya, pad, or fold for the' 
head as a rest for the water-jar. 


( 249 ) 


ii^^ - 'V liwd, pi, alwiya, flag, 
brigade flag; a small Turkish 
province under a brigadier, 
sanjdq. [j'^^ 

Lib >l^ liwd bd8h4, brigadier, a 
military officer of the third or 
lowest rank of pasha, equal to 
the civil Meeri-meerdn pasha. 

^JL^ lalta (vulgarly rait), would 
that ! 

^jjti ^*^\ 13a f^j^ ^*^2^ laita 
aliiaWi haza ed-dunyd li'tnen. 
Would that I knew to whom 
this world belongs. 

C^ajJ laith, lion. [jw^l 

c»^.J - ^N«^ laisa, he, it was not; 
lastOj I was not. [irHi' 

511 ^^j^ laisa illd nothing but, 

mere ; that is all. 
Jb ,MwuJ laisa hoa, except him. 

uJiaJ leef, date-palm fibre, of 
which the finer quality is used 
for sponges, and the coarser 
for ropes. 

iiJ or uJJ loqfy or lonfa, a plant 
like a cucumber, of which the 
fibre is used for sponges ; ser- 
pentaria ; arisarum vulgwre. 

jfjJ leeqy cotton in Arab inkpots. 
^uI^waJ Uydqa, fitness, propriety. 
^S Idyiq, fit, becoming, proper. 

c-^ ijJb - ^S Idqa hi, it befitted ; 

yaleeq, it befits. 
ibJ laila, one night. 
XUI J ibJ u-iJl alf laila wa lailu, 

1001 nights, the Arabian Nights. 

j^UJ - J.aI /ai7, pi. laydliy night. 

t *• '^ " . ^ 

1 .1^' ^ ]La! laildn wa nahardn, by 

night and by day. 

X ^X - HI Ualla, contraction for 
li-an Id, in order not to. 

^Jy*dji laimoon, lemon, citron, lime. 

^j^LiwaJ leemdn (Greek limeen ; 
Turkish), harbour; hence the 
hulks, or penal servitude in the 
Turkish code. 

XaJ or ^^ leen^ or leena, softness. 

^ lay y in, tender, soft; bowels 
open. [Jli, 

iiUl laydna, sofa, soft cushion. 

^jAi - ^S Idna, it was soft ; yaleen, 

it is soft. 
^^ layyana, he softened, made 


j^^JLjJj talyeen, a making soft or 
supple ; gymnastics or exten- 
sion motions in drill. 

^j^IU molayyin, softener ; a purge. 

^l^SI or ^1^ leewduy raised dais 
in a room ; hall. tc^W 

^ lai, pipe or long tube of the 

&JJ leyya, fat tail of sheep ; meat 
containing plenty of fat. [XjJI 



Meem, Value = 40. 

[N.B. — The following short list of par- 
ticiples, &€., is only given in order to 
assist the beginner in his search for 
the roots of derived forms.] 

IjU or U mdj or mdzd, what ^ 
]jU li-mdzd, why ? 


( 250 ) 



U) 7nd, that which ; as long as ; 
(as a suffix) -ever, -soever. 

Lo L-^-ouj t^l ^J^ tnin ai sahah ma, 
from any reason whatever. 

^^jLj to md bain, between, that 
which is between. 

Jj Lo md ddm, while, as long as. 


jJJ W Li^ U md shd ^Uah, what God 

has willed ; how fine ! bravo. 

i^jz\ 'w* - L« md, not ; md a^rif, 
I do not know. [S 

^l . . . U md , . . sh or shi {md 
before the verb and sh or shi 
after it, like ne . . . 7'as), not. 

fiiijc] U m^i a'rifsh, I do not 


liic U) m(i *ada, except, not count- 

J U) md lam (two negatives), 

kdna minoh wa illd darabani, 
and the next thing was that 
he (suddenly) beat me. 

%]u^] or »buo - U md, pi. miydli, or 
f/mit'(i/t (sometimes femin.), water, 

^^U or ^;»-< mawiy, or maty, watery, 

Lyo mwaya (colloquial), water. 

c_^T . <^U madh, source, origin, 

focus (see adba). 
K£jyo - cl;U mafa, he died (see 

mdt) . 
^1 . ^l^ mditam, mourning, 
funeral (see atem). 

4X^ ^ SjLo mad (la, matter, article 

^jl . 4j»*iU) mdzoon, licensed (see 
izn) . 

i^J^ or .U mdr, or wi dr/ (Syriac), 

^^j»*s^j^ .U mdr Jirjis, St. George. 

j^^U) wdra (European), month of 

jjUL-Aw^l— ^ tndm/dn (Persian), 
asylum, hospital. 

hjiyc - iVr;'-* Mdrooniy, pi. Jlfa- 
«/;drna, Maronite, Catholics of 
Mount Lebanon named after 
Bishop Marooni, 6th century A.D. 

y44\ - IjyJ^ mdsoora, tube, drain 
(see asara), 

L^l-i^ mdsha (Persian), tongs, 

Ji^l ., CL>Sy u mdkooldt, eatables 
(see ahala). 

ilTU mdlcina (European), machine, 
engine ; adla is also used in 
this sense. [3T 

J^ - ^}^yi^ - JU) md/, pi. amwdl, 
property, personal property 
as distinct from real property; 
goods, wealth (see mdl) . [viJJL« 

Jjuo- JU md/a,he leaned (see matt) . 

J^-J UmadZ,signification(seeawQ. 

u-ft)L»^yLo mdhof, familiar (see ilf) . 

j^] - jyX^ mdmoor, an official, 
prefect (see amara)» 

J^l - J^to mdmod, hoped, desire 
(see amal). 

(see madda). 



I . 


woL« vidmoon, trusted 

U^e amnV 


( 251 ) 

%^ aAAM^^^V 



iu^Lo mdhiya (from Persian mdhy 
month), monthly pay. 

iJLftLo mdhiya (from md, that 
which, and hia, she is), actual, 

i^i^ - uf;^ mdwa, place of shelter, 
abode (see awa). 

vzj\Lo . iLo or ^(Jto mdyuj or miya, 
pi, miydtj hundred. 

v_!!-^^-r mee/ (colloquial for mdya), 

^Umdyo (European), month of May. 

ijJU mdyidaj table, large dinner 

i»*j1 - LT'yc^ mdyooSy despaired 

of (see ayasa), 
^y) - T"^ mofcai., lawful (see WA) . 

^^ - S^ljLo mohdsharatdn, direct 

(see bashara), 
^U« mobdshir, usher of a court. 

«^ . ^lf« - cIa^ mo&aa', sold ; 
mobdya'aj sale (see beea'). 

^ or j^Lw . ^^'j^ mobdyin, dis- 
tinct (see beydn or fcai/i). 

* .. 

•^W - t.^^^'V* f^obtadij beginner 
(see badd). 

fh - ^^Jj^ mubtala, afflicted (see 
beld) . 

C..^2C . ^Jln'^-n mabhcks, topic (see 
6a/is) . 

dj> - k)^ mibrady file (see bar ado). 

L^<o - LljyoL« mab'aoos, sent (see 

mU . «U« mdblagh, sum of money 

^seo balagha). 


Jj - J^lj^ mablool, wetted, wet 
(see balla). 

Jj - ^Jw^ mabniyy founded, built 
(see bana), 

CL^Ljo - CL^Ax« mabeet, night^s 
lodging (see biydt). 

«>j - m^xa mabeea', sale (see beea') . 

^U - ^^^Xf* or ^j;jx* wofteen, or 
mobayyin, showing (see beydn). 


^,jrt - ij^'j^ matadttiy resulting 

(see ata). 
«jj . ^l^ mutatdbia^ consecutive 

(see taba^a). 

ti - iJIjuU) mutatdli, consecutive 
(see laid). 
^ - y?^ matjarj trade (see 
tajara) . 
1 - *X:^U muttahidy ally (see ahad) . 

^ y . (•^•''^ ''^'^^(^''I'j^'^} translator 
(see tarjama), 

tj*»Xj^ - irr"^ mitras, pi. matdris, 

rampart, trenches. 
.UUl - j^yU) matro, pi. amtdr 

(French), m^tre. 
jj - ^yj^ motazawwajf married 
(see zdj). 
%j - CpU mutazayyd, dressed up 

(see zee). 
c ^1 .y - s_-,V'f "t -0 motasabibb^ 
causer, seller (see sabab), 

•M-* - ««mjLo mottasia', wide (see 

ii;a»aa^a) . 
J J!» - Jwli* matasharrld, vagabond 

( 252 ) 


• *• M 

>0 . 

9^..dl« mutaaarrify posses- 
sor, ruler (see sarafa). 

Fj . uJ^'U muttasify qaalified 
(see wasafa), 

J-^j - (J-aU muttasil, contiguous 
(see wasala). 

^^ - ^'^^ muttadih, clear, evi- 
dent (see waddaha), 

«1« - htx-o motaa, pi. mota\ 
profit, utility, the enjoyment 
of possession. 

iioUl - cULo rtiatda\ pi. amtia'a, 
property, goods. [ic\Ju 

^ JUjLi] or «juj) tamatta'a hi, or 

istamta'a hi, he enjoyed, pro- 
fited by. 

cyu - i^Ub - cljo latda', (fcmin.) 

batd'at, pi. hntooa! (colloquialism 
derived from matda\ to supply 
the place of " of'^), 
»gcfjo c-;ljull cWkitah hatda'y, my 
book, the book (which is) my 

dj^£}jj i-«^l el'horma batd'atoh, 
his wife. 

CJiC^ L^^^l el'koiob botoo'alc, thy 

I— >'sJI c'ju --Ua>JI el'tniffdh hatda^ 

el'bdby the key belonging to 
the door. 

iVii^ - ^JjUjLc viota'dqideen, tlie 
contracting parties (see^az/arZa). 

fanatic (see 'asab). 


JjL - JfUi< viota'alliq, belonging 
^o (.'SCO alitjft). 

4X|£ . Jk^-KjLc mota^ahJdd, contractor 
(see a' hid a), 

<w^oii ^{^..^^y^jXLcmotaghayyibj absen- 
tee (see ghaib), 

f^j^ii - i^'ii* motafdliSj bankrupt 

^ji - ^JyAjU mot afar riq, various 

(see faraqa) . 

d^^^siLomottaJiq,eLgTeed (seewafq), 
^^ - ^Jil^ motqan, perfected (sec 

^^^^Jj^mottaqi, pious (seei^?aga), 
XjIWI) LmjJlLc motalabhisdn bil 

•m • • • 

jindya, caught in the act, er 
flagrant delit. Cir^ 

ii'JU or ^JLo matn, or matdna 
solidity, solid contents. 

jij^^ (J^ wrtY?i et'taqreer, Hu 
contents of a document ; iti 
text, substance. 

^jjuLo mat von, solid. 

ay - ^y^ mutanawma\ various 
(see now^), 

ij^ . ^fU or ^^^ muttaham, oi 

mut-ham, an accused man (sec 

tvhnia) . 
JLo mata, whenever, at the time 

^JLo ^\ aiy mata {aimta), when i 
vj:^^ . CL?>u^ viasboot, provec 

(see safmta), 

JIjLoI - JjU ?/ti'if/, like, similar 
ma sal, pi. amsdl, simile, pro 
verb, maxim. 

SIjUI - J'JLo misdlj pi. amsila 
example, sample ; form of cer- 
tain Arab verbs like Jx^ -y**?. 


( 253 ) 


i!yl«l omsoola, example, sample, 

JUUJ timsdl, statue, image. 

JJLo massala, he compared, made 

Jk-jut-A-J tarn seel, assimilation, 
analogy, portrait. 

J?w«J or JjU mdsala, or tamdsala, 
it resembled. 

JoUw« momdsil, similar, analogous. 

JjlUI {mtasala, he obeyed, fol- 
lowed, complied. 

Jjuu ma seel y similar. 

Jy^ mosooJy a standing humbly 
before a superior ; levee, recep- 
tion at Court. 

.i^ - Ll^JuLo mutallat, triangle, 
tripled (see tult), 

jAj - ^ajU moimir, fruitful (see 

u'jLo viasdna, urinary bladder. 
Ju- JuUmo/aima,dual (see^anwa). 

^•1^ . jlar* majdz, metaphor (see 
jawdz) , 

j^y^ - j^^^sr^ mojdwir, student, 
adjacent (see jiwdr) . 

^sfT^ majd, glory, majesty, pomp. 

bJ^sr^ Majced, (God) the Glorious. 

3aar^' S^c ^Ahd id' Ma jet d, slave of 
the Glorious One, name of a 
recent Sultan, d. 1801. 

L Joar* - ^^Joar* majeediy, (femin.) 
majeediya, Turki sh gol d coinage, 
and decoration named after 
Sultan ^Abdul-Majecd. 

- \^yL>ar- majzoob, demented 
(see jazaha) . 

- f^^ac— - Zsr^ majarr, and 
majroor (see jarra), 

5]^ac^' d-majaira, the Milky Way. 

• ^ • 

.^ar* mojarrab, tried, 
expert (see jarraba). 

J^ - *V«^ mojarrad, bare, simple, 
incorporeal (see jarada). 

^^ - (V^ '*^^i^^^^3 barefoot 
beggar, guilty (see jarama), 

i^j»- - u^^;=^ majra, course, duct 
(see jara) . 

jJid- - tiiaro mojallid, bookbinder 
(see ^*i W). 

yj^\>^ - (^/^iac* majlis, council," 
assembly {sQejalasa), 

«>#^ - f>*a^ majma', total (see 
jam'aa) , 

iL4>- . L^*ae^ mojmal, total (see 
jamla) . 

^d— ^j;ykar*majiioon,mad(seojonna) . 
lili^ majjdndn, gratis. 

^L&. - Lf*^ '"^^j'f^f crime com- 
mitted (seejana). 
j^ ''jfs^ mijwiz, double (seejJ^). 

^^^ar* majoosiy, magian, heathen, 
hindoo ; magician. 

^^ . \sr< maji, arrival (see jd) , 

-;W - ^-^-wi^ mojeeb, compliant, 
(see jawdb) . [cf . ^.^. ^ ^y 

'*--* mahdr, oyster, shell-fish. 
^h \sr^inohdraba .war (^<ie(^.a\^\ 


( 254 ) 


. ifuXsr^ mohdsaha, accoants 
(see hasaba). 

- SaJlar* mohdfiz, governor 
(see hafiza). 

J^ - Jl«^ mohdl, absurd (see hot) . 

- ^<^'«-* mohdmi, lawyer (see 

mdhboob, lover (see habba), 

U"^ - (j-'^f-ac* mahboos, im- 
prisoned, prisoner (see habasa) . 

X^l^- - ^Ij^ muhtdjy in need of 

(see hdja)> 

- .^*iar* mahzoor, danger (see 

^ . c— ^l^^ar* mihrdby part of a 
Mosque (see harb). 

- v±^l^js-« mihrdtj plough 
(see Kara 8a). 

ir^ - i«wjjar* mahroosa, Cairo, 

the guarded (see harasa). 
mj>- - f^j^^ Moharram, first month 

of Moslem year (see harama). 

(Jmo^- - ijy^^sr^ mahsool, result, 
crop, revenue (see hasala). 

or ^^^«^ mahd, or mahddn, 
sheer, mere, quite. 

^-flar* mohdir, usher; mah- 
dar, report (see hadara). 

- idassr* mahatta, railway station 
(see hatta). 

- JkasT^ milifar, spade (see 
hafara) . 


^Jto-^ mohaqqaq, verified 
{see /laf^q). 

A^ - JuCs^ mahkamaj tribunal 
(see hakama). 

jj^. - Jar* mahall, place, spot 
(see halla). 


^ss^ iV ^ mahallohj quite right, 

in its right place. 

4^4^^- - 4X>«bS^ Mohammad, praise- 
worthy (see hamida). 

{Jjk^ - J.>«^x^ mahmal, litter (see 
hamala) . 

^jT^I or ^jss^ mahana, or com- 
monly, imtahana, he put to 
the proof, examined a candidate. 

^U^l or Xlar* mihna, or imtihan, 
trial, examination. 

_^u^ mumtahan, candidate, on 

- W« mahd, he obliterated ; 
maho, obliteration. 

or L5=c^^ mamhee, or mamhoo, 
1^1^ - kA»^ - War* mohdty moheet 

(see hdta). 
.^ar* mihwar, axis, cylinder. 

^^j^ - L^*^ moAee, God, the Maker 
Alive (see haya), 

J^ . Jjbc^ moheel, transferor, 
endorser (see hdl). 

-;.lar* - ^^ mokhkh, pi. mikhdJch, 

brain, marrow. 
Ur* makhdy Moka, or Mecca, in 
S. Arabia. 

Lla^ - l^Ur* mokhdt, mucus ; 
mokhdtiy, mucous. 

...^la^ . ^^.^Is^ mokhdtab. second 
person (in grammar) (see 
khataba) . 



( 255 ) 

*.^l>- - {^^.s^ moTchdlifj contrary 
(seo Wialafa), 

jy^ - j^sr^ mokhhirj informant 
(see khabar), 

j^ - ijfs^ makhbaza, bakery 
(see khobz), 

Xj^ - .liar* mokhtdr, chosen (see 
kJiiydr) . 

^ja^ - ^joisr^ inoklitass, competent 
(see khassa). 

ij^^^ - yaxss^ mokhtasar, sum- 
marized (see khdsira). 

M M 

Jli- - J.^^ - Jiiar* mokhtaU, and 
mokhill (see khalel). 

ir^ - jyJular* mokhtalis, swindler 
(see khalasa), 

lal»- . kilsr* mokhtalU, mixed (see 

j^ - 5iXi^ mikhadda, pillow (see 
khadd) . 

^iX»- - A^'^'s^ maklidoom, master 
(see khadavia), 

^J^ - vo}=s^ makhzan, magazine, 
insulator (see khazzana), 

jsCLj^ . C^!L*s^ mokhastik, sick 
(see khastaka), 

>- - ^^^ijlae* mikhtishi, bashful 
(see khashia). 

^ - ^yoat^ makhsoos, special 
(see khassa), 

makhidatj she was in 

o^U - (^lar« makhdd, parturi- 
tion ; mdkhid, in labour. 

Ui- - ^ci«^ makhfi, stealth, hidden 
(see khafd). 

1^^^ - {^^'^^^ mikhla, scythe, sickle 
(see khala), 

^Jld- . SXar* mikhld, nose-bag for 
horses (see khala). 

jfii- - CL;l5^i^ makhlooqdtj crea- 
tures (see khalaqa). 

J^lar* makldool, cracked, insane. 

.Ud. - n^^^ mokhayyar, he who 
has the option (see khiydr). 

u-5^ . v.-A:fs^ mokheefj terrific 
(see kliof), 

j^ madda, he extended, it reached, 

4>«x« maddada, he made extend, 


43c«l amadda, he helped, aided. 

fcXl«l imtadda, it reached, was 

iX^^jL^I istamadda, he asked help. 

J^J^ . 43^ maddf pi. modood, 
reach, extension, flood-tide. 

jcJI .^ ^ jc« madd wa jazr el' 

bahr, flow and ebb of the sea. 

11 . I Sj^ madda, (in grammar) 
prolongation of the voice, the 
mark '^ over the alif, instead 
of a double a. 

43^modcZ,measureof grain; onelitre. 

tii^ - is^ modda, pi. modad, in- 
terval, space of time. 

JjiV« madecd, long, extenl^ve. 

SjJiV^ ij^ modda madeeda, a long 
period of time. 

ilbjls Sjc« ^5^ modiy modda ta* 
wecla, ^'prescription " or legal 


( 256 ) 


limitation, lapse of a long 

i^lj^l or 4)»V* madad, or imddd, 

succour ; invocation. 
j^jIj^I imdddiyy reinforcing (as 

troops in reserve). 

i^\y€ ^ ii5U mddda, pi. mawddd, 
matter, article of a code, item in 
a list. 

iyJjd- jl^ mawddd juziya, petty 
affairs, '^justice sommaire," 

^••>U or j<4>U mdddiy, or mddda- 
miy, material, real. 

j1*3jL«I imtiddd, a being extended, 

JSa^ or i}^SA^ mamdood, or mo- 
maddad, stretched, extended. 

.•4> - .1*3^ maddr, pivot (see dor), 
jLw^ J -j^*,!*^^ maf/a«, shoes (see dJsa). 

^^d - ^;I»V* moddn, guilty, accused 
(see doon). 

jJ^J - i!j^»V* moddwala, delibera- 
tion (see dol). 

^J - {j^}*^* moddyin, creditor (see 
dain) . 

jid - ^J^ modabbir, manager (see 
dubr) . 

«^4> " ^*^ madbagh, tannery (see 

^j^ti — ^ f^iV* modahraj, rolled, 

circular (see dahraja). 

^^J -.^uLs>-J^ madkhana, chimney 
(see dakhana). 

.iV* 7uac7ar, clay, building material. 

«jf^ti-o or ^J^ midra, bar, pitch- 
fork. [j^J 

-.JjLcI or -.iV^ viadaha, or iWa- 
dafta, he praised. [cf. Sa^ 

*mJ6 ^<X« mad aha nafsaho, he 
flattered himself. 

--jfc) - fl^-^*^ modraj, roll, scroll 
(see daraja) . 

l^y^r^J -, i**.iX« madras a, school (see 
darasa) . 

LlJ^i) - ^ji^ modrik, intelligent 
(see darak), 

lc4> - ^4V« mada^oo, named (see 
da^d) . 


IcJ - ^jc« modda'y, plaintiff (see 

«5J - «jjc« ma;dfa\ cannon (see 

^^J - ^j^*^ inodmm, persevering 
(see dam ana), 

^^4> - ^,*^ modecn, accuser (see 
doon) . 

^J « ^J^ madeen, debtor (see 
dain) , 

jjJljc« or ^iV^ - ibj^ madcena, pi. 
modon, or maddyin, town, city. 

ijb«x«Jl El'Madeena, Medina in 
Arabia, the city of Mahomet 
jmr excelUnce. 

yjs^ madaniy, civil, not criminal 

(law) . 

(^•^ ttiy^ ^anooTi madaniy, code 
civil, civil law. 

iwt3c« ^^to- hoqooq madaniya, civil 

rights ; claim for damages in 
a criminal case. 

^jU maddana, he civilised. 

( 257 ) 


^ci>.- ♦-J tamaddana, he became 

^4\>«jLc viotamaddin, civilised. 

.•Ju« modawwar. round (see dor). 

J J ' 


^^i> - ^:;^•^ modawwan, inscribed 
(see doon). 

hs^ or ^^J^ mada, or modyay limit , 
interval, reach, range; as far as. 

.j4> - jiJl* modeer^ mudir, admini- 
strator, governor of a province 
(see dor), 

^d - ^j^j^ madyoon, debtor (see 

dain) . 
jJU or x^ muz, or munz, since (of 

time) . 

^jc^J - i^j^ midra, pitchfork (see 
dara) . 

Ji - j^^^^ mazkoor, above-men- 
tioned (see zakara), 


Jj - ^}^^< mazlool, cringing (see 
zill) . 

C^..^ j - <w.^i^ madhdb, religion, 
(see dahaba). 

4>jJ . 4>^J^ madmd, manger (see 


^ marra, he passed, went by. 

.•^ moroar, passage, lapse of time ; 
a name for the market at Cairo. 

jU mdrr, a passer by, who passes ; 


/ .. 

x^J JUl! eZ-marr zihrok, aforesaid. 

St a 
j\j^ . d^) »« . S^ marra, pi. marrd^, 

or mtVdr, once, a ti me . \jMd - LJ 

SyASli biUrnarra, quite, emphati- 

|.L« mirdrdn, at times, sometimes. 

.L^ SL^ jomla mirir, several 
times, often. 

V^ .ji^ ghair marra, more than 

y^^ mamarr, place of passage, 

ja!L»\ iatamarra, he continued, was 

y%j^\ istamirr (imperative). Pro- 
ceed I continue I 

.LiJU#l istimrdr, constancy, con- 

jjkLt^ mostamirr, constant, con- 
tinuous, permanent. 

j]j^] - y^ morr, pi. amrdr, bitter, 

S.lp^ mardra, bitterness; gall- 

j\j^ mardr, centa/iirea caleitrapa, 

^T* " J^' amarr, (femin«) morra, 
more bitter. 

j^l or ^ mara, man, male (rarely 
used) • 

ij^ morooa, virility, humanity, 

xLo^ or i^do mara {imrdt), woman, 
wife. [•LJ 

^_£^ maria, oesophagus. 

^^j • yo m^yrd, hypocrite (see rda). 

f^j . «i^ mirdat, or mirdya, mirror, 
(see rda). 

\}j - ^^^r»ord&t, usurer (see ribd) . 

«»y - h^^j^ mordja'a, control, 
inspection (see r«i<it'<i\. 



( 258 ) 


Jul. . 4>]^ moroc^, desire (see 
rdwada) • 

^. - SLcL« morda'a, respect, 
regard (see ra^a). 

mij - IajL^ mordfa^a, legal pro- 
cedure, proceedings at a trial 
(see rafa'a). 

^^Ij - ^*tr« mordqdha, inspection, 
control (see raqaba). 

iJtiT^ Mardkesh, Marocco. [^V/^ 

jjU^ - Jf*'/* morafe/j, young man 
(see rihdq). 

«-j. - «-^ marba*, pasture ground 

(see ro&aO. 
C^^^j , . K^j^jf^ mortdb, doubtful (see 


t^\^j . ^IS.^ moi*tdh, at ease, at 

rest (see raWA). 
C^^^ . h^ martaba, rank, high 

place, mattrass (see rataba). 

It. - Lj**tt* murtashi, taker of 
bribe (see rashd). 

Jfi, - CL^'lftl;** martafaqdt'f latrines 
(see rafaqa). 

<m^j - ^^'^iX« murtaJcib, criminal, 
guilty (see rakiba). 

meadow; a village in Cyre- 
naica, site of ancient Barca. 

^Wj^ marjdn, coral ; white coral 
stone from reefs. 

>y — r?t/^ tnarjV, turning point 
(see raja'a). 

marjoo, requested (see 


s^j . i^i^wrv^ marjaika, swing, 

see-saw (see rajaha). 
^j^ or _^ mar aha y he anointed, 

ijo>'j — ^jo\^y^ viarhddf latrine 

(see rahada), 

v^..^^ . V^lr« 'n^(^'^^iol)d, welcome I 
(see rahiba). 

^J * (^i^j^ * x*^-*^ mar/tatfia, pity; 
mar^o/?^, deceased (seeraAtma). 

,-p^ or ,j^ maraJcha, he anointed, 


,j;^ markh, tinder, broom-plant; 
leptadenia pyrotechnica, 

^r* mirreekhy Planet Mars. 
{jc^j - {j^^r< murakhhhaSf autho- 
rised (see rukhs), 

idM or J^ marad, or morood^Jt, 


dj^ — 4)^1 amrad, pi. mord, beard- 
less youth. 

4>.U or Jj^ maiteedj or mdrid, evil 
genie, rebel. [ci^-o^ 

4>^ tamarraday he revolted. 

^-yU or (^^yo wara«o or mareura, 
he practised, tried, made a 
contract with; soaked, steeped. 

'kmSjk^ momdrasa, facility from 
practice ; a private arrange- 
ment or contract. 

Uw. - ^^^*t/^ - 5L#^ mirsd, anchor; 
marsa, harbour (see rasa). 

^e»*if mireesi (Coptic), hot south 

imjj^t .mareesa, Soudanese wine of 
dates steeped in water, [j^y^ 


( 259 ) 

^j-o marsah, theatre, ball. 
^•«^ mar seen, myrtle. [,^1 

•• A 

J^j - Jiis^j^ mirshaha, pack- saddle 
(see rashaha). 

S^j - Jo^ marsad, observatory 
(see rasada). 

u^lr«l — (j^ maradj pi. amrdd, 
illness, disease. 

i^j^ - u^j^ mareed, pi. marda, 
sick, ill. [^l|- 

{j^J^ tamdrada, he shammed sick. 

^j — &Mj^ mordia'a, wet-nurse 

(see radia') . 
^.IJs^ martahdn, jar, ewer. 
^j< ynara'y pasturage. 

c^ maragha, he hesitated, de- 

\i^ 7m7/«, quay, port. \\Sj 

^j - j;*^ mirfaq^, elbow (see 
rafaqa) . [^^ 

SJ^ maraqa, soup, broth. 

^^J^ meinraq, skylight. 

<w^ - ^j^j^ — S-^^^ 'fnarkab, 
ship; mariooft, shoe (see rahiba), 

jij ^j^Sj^ marhaz, centre (see 
rakaza) . 



A; - <U^ maramma, repairs (see 
ramma) . 

•^^.♦^ marntrar, marble. ^A^j 

[j^^ marmasha (colloquial), he 
winked, screwed up his eyes, 
gnawed. [or ^JSji 

L*^ inarmaia (colloquial), he in- 
jured, spoilt, knocked about. 

J^ . 2Le^ marmala, sand - pot 
(see ravd). 

LSV " <sV^ '"^^^'"^^Vf thrown, pro- 
jectile (see rama). 
^j^tJ^^ mirmees, rhinoceros. 
^1^^ marana, it was supple, elastic. 
^2/^ marin, supple, elastic. 
ii]j^ mardna, elasticity. 

^^ marrana, he made supple, he 
made practice, enured. 

^^ tamreeuy exercise, practice, 

^^jJi^yj^ in{riu(iha,{(Ln (see rawdh) . 

^1^ . ^j^ marham, pi. Tnardhiin, 

^j - c;^^/^ marhoon, pledged, 
mortgaged (see raha^ia). 

aJj^ Mariam, Miriam, Mary. 

— ^j. - rr^^ '^^'^y^ohj bewitched 

(see rawdh). 
J,^ mazza, he tasted, sipped. 

S^ mazza, a taste, relish, appe- 

jj^ mizizy acid taste of lemon, 
unripe fruit, &c. 

Sij - S Jj]^ . i>2r« i^cLzdd, or mojso- 
yada, auction (see zaid). 

\hj • Jli^* mazdr, place visitedj 

shrine (see ziydra). 
ajj - ^ •]/« mozdria\ farmer (see 

arara^a) . 

^ mazaja, he mixed. 

1^ mizdj, mixture, humour^ 

( 260 ) 


^-aJ^ mizdjiy, kerchief. 

^ji*\ imtazaja, it became mixed^ 

^jU or ^J^ mazaka, or mdzaha, 
he joked, chaflTed. 

^j^ - ^]^ vwzdh, joke, joking ; 
mdzih, joker. 

J^ mezd, or mc2J2J (Persian), yellow 
leather slippers. 

i^Ij^ mizrdb, gutter, drain, b^jj 
fjjj - v5];J-« rtdzrdq, spear (see 

LAO>f - U^jih '^^^ozarkash, brocade 
(see zarkctsha). 

^jj - ^^jj^ mazrood, flushed, red 
in face (see zard). 

imSjj " i^jj^ mozri, injurious (see 
zara) . 

^j - i^jc^ maza'm, doubtful (see 

za^m) . 
^J^ mazzaqa, he tore to pieces. 

Jfjj4j tamzeeq, a tearing up. 

ijj-^^ nwmazzaq, torn up. 

^^- - J^Bi}< mazlaqdn, slope, slip- 
pery place (see zalaqa). 

J^J 'jyth -^4/* "^iz^nd/r, glottis ; 
mazmoor, psalm (see zamr). 

U^ - 4:r*r* ^"^i^mm, chronic (dis- 
ease) (see 2;ama7i). 

^jjf - SiiSj^ maznaqa, necklace (see 
zanaqci) . 

JV 'JV^ ffiazwavy oblique (see zdr) . 

jyj 'Jlh ^^««^M?'V, forgerer, per- 
Jnrer (see zoor). 

Jj: . i3jJ1« viazeed, growth; com 

plex (see zaid), 
^jlj - ^J^ mozayyin, barber (se 

zain) . 

Ij'j^ viazdyd, advantages, meritfl 

^j»A^ massa, he touched, handled 


j^^^**-j*w^ or ^^j,*^ mass, or masees 

touch, contact; insanity. 
^j-^Lo mdss, he who touches. 

^^UJ tamdssa, he touched mn 
tually, fondled. 

AamUw« or ^j-L*MO misds, or mo- 
mdssa, contact. 

(^^M^^M) mamsoos, touched, maniac 
fLii^ masd, evening. 

^jt<t^\ ain«, yesterday, eve of to-day, 

^^^Miw^l a77^a,he passed the evening at 

Smm* - 843^ Uw^ mo«aa^da, help, fa voui 
(see sa'd). 

^^j«Mi - ^*cL^ masda'y, efforts (sec 

sa^a) . 
^^i*M -^Lj^ mosdfir, traveller, guesi 

(see safar). 

uJ^ . ii^.m^ masdfa, distance (sec 

^ . Xm^ masdmm, pore of skii 
(see samma). 

(Jum . jdJLi^ or JSlNi*^ masdla, oi 
masala, question, affair (sec 
sddla) . 

^yw - 4^jl*MM« mosdwi, equal (see 
sawia) . 

^fM . j[4jbUM..« mosdhama, joint- 
stock (see salim). 

( 261 ) 

S^I.^^IXm*^ Mostdjir, tenant^ hirer 
(see ujra) . 

Jjb) . Jjb'oLj^ mostahilj deserving 
(see aid). 

6j - Jaw« vwstahidd, tyrant (see 
hadda) . 

_Jb . UujLmu« mostasnd^ excepted 
(see thiny). 

mostahaqq, deserved 
(see haqq). 

J^ . Ja^M«^ mustaheel, absurd 
(see hoi). 

A4\»- - ^JccImo.^ mustakhdam, em- 
ploy^ (see khadama), 

f^jy^ - itiJUw^ mustashdr, coun- 
cillor (see shoora). 

J^ - (J>laJUu< mostatecl, oblong 
(see tool). 

J«^ - (Jae*^***^ mosta'jil, in haste 
(see 'ajila). 

tXc . iXiouj^ mosta^idd, ready (see 
a'dda) . 

Jlac . Jl4jcLimc motf^a^maZ^ used 
(see a'mUa). 

JbJLj • Jb-AiUAM^ mustaqbily the 
future (see qabala). 


Ji . (JajLm^ mustaqiU, independent 
(see qalln). 

A^ - ^j£Lmw« mostaqeem, upright^ 

straight (see qdin). 
«iu . vaJlLa^ mostanqa^ tank (see 

naqa'a) . 

Ly^.^^ . W«^>>yuMb^ mostawjib, caus- 
ing^ necessitating (see wajaba) . 

L^) - ,^yw-« mostairfi, sufficient^ 
completing (see tvafa). 

ji^ - «3jyl<M^ musiawqadj furnace 
(see waqada). 

^^ . 4^yuMw« misdwi, ripe, cooked 
(see sawia). 

laAj « laft^ju*,^ mvstaiqaZf awake 
(see yaqiza). 

Ssr** - iXa:**^ masjid, mosque (see 
sajada) . 

Ja:^ - J«***^ mosajjaly registered 
(see dijil). 

^js*** - eJ!^?e***^ masjoon, imprisoned 
(see sajana). 

^^ masaha, he measured surface, 
surveyed land. 

i>\ui^ masdha, area, surveying of 
land, surface, dimensions. [^Am# 

^w^ masadhy land surveyor. 

^*My« masaha, he wiped, purified 
by laying on of hands, anointed. 

^lmi^I El-Maseeh, the Anointed^ 

maaeehiy, Christian. 

maslch, metamorphosis into a 
viler shape; bufibon. [vi*J 

^Lo mdsihh, insipid, stupid. 

ji*" - JK***^ mosakhkhar, tyrannised 

over (see sakhara). 

ij ab***^ maakha/ra, ridiculous, 

Ic yfc***^ tamaakhara a^lu, he 

mocked at. 

lo^sB***^ ma^khoota, statue, 
idol (see saJchata). 

^j»^^ masrah, path, course 
(see 9ara&). 


( 262 ) 


cyMi . ^j***^ mosria^ hastening (see 
sar'oa) . 

masroor, glad (see «arra). 

,jg,a*^ Misra, Coptic month of 
August, the first month of high 

Ja«*i . _^Ja.M^ mistdh, area, surface 
(see sataha). 

Ua^i . JlOlc ^Joam^ masti ^cdeih, victim 
of attack (see satd). 

)aAMi . Juil Lamimo mosqat ileih, '' con- 
cessionaire '' (see saqata) . 

^ •j°— ^ or <— ft5,>^.^ mosqof, Muscovy, 

i^ami - ^^Iaaaiu« . SULm^ vnisqdt, 
small canal ; masqdwi, lands 
irrigated by a sdqiya (see ^agra) . 

^ CJLmjl^ masaka (colloquially 
misik Ji), he seized, held. 

1 amsaha, he held back, re- 

D^^M^\ imsdk, restraint; fast. 

CAm« 4j tamassaha, he clung to, 
relied upon ; opposed. 

K^JJIaS tamassiiJc, reliance, opposi- 
tion, lien or obligation. 

CLLj^c mash, a grip, catch; a 
goatskin of water. [hji 

CXmu« miskj musk perfume. 

KMi^mt9A;a,dung-cako for fuel, [i^ 

sJLXuX^ mdsikj holder, tongs. 

s1X»k4^k momsikj restraining ; con- 

XiM - .Cm^ mushir, intoxicating 
Isee 8ohr). 

abode ; maskeen, poor (see 
sakana) . 

CJLm . cl^I^^Cm^ maskoohdU coined 
money (see «aA;i;a). 

<wJU . uj>y>M>^ maslooh, pillaged: 
weak in intellect (see ^aZoia). 

^1m . J^«*«^ mosalluh, armed (se( 
sildli) • 

Jlmj . 2LMb« misalla, obelisk (see saUa) 

JyiM - JJLi^ maslooly unsheathed 
consumptive (see «aZZa). 

pIm . ^<iAM^ maslij cooking-buttei 
(see Slid). 

Am - JImj^ muslim, Moslem^ Musul' 
man (see silm). 

jAm* - ^Umj^ miamdr, peg, nail (sec 
tfammara) . 

^«>ik^ » ^>iMj^ mo^amma, namei 
(see 8amma). 

JJm* - j^^**j^ misann, grindstone 
moainn, aged (see sanna, sinn) 

ixm . ^jiJumwo masnoon, customarj 
(see sonna). 

(Jf** - J^f*^ mo8-hil, purgative 
(see sahula). 

d]yu . iJ^AM^ maswada rough drafi 
(see sawdd) . 

Jvm . ^}JMK^ masool, asked, respou' 
sible (see sddla). 

jjkm 'jJ<m^ maseer, course (see sair) 

»lLo mishsh, cheese^ curds and 

mashdjara, quarrel 

. s 

I A 

(see shajar). 

( 263 ) 


i^jy^ - *jJl JJL^ mushdron ileih, 
aforesaid (see ahoora). 

JLt - Jli^ mashdl, porterage ; 
removal (see shdla), 

w^ - ^-i*^ mashdyihhj pi. of 


^y^^s\jJL^mu8htdq,es,geTiQce8hdq) . 

^\^Mi - icJxJm mvshtaHf buyer; 
Planet Jupiter ; mushtara, pur- 
chased^ a purchase (see shird) . 

^js:^ - UJ*^ '^os^'^oon, laden 
(see shahana), 

ijij^ - iJ<iJ^^ mashrahiya (see 

\ijl . is^^^ mishrat, lancet (see 
sharata) . [jw^ 

«.jLt - i^ij^ mushrifiya, a pro- 
jecting window, generally called 
mushrahiya (see sharaf), 

ijA - l1/*^ mashriq, east, place 

of sunrise (see sharq), 
CjjJ^ - CJ^^M^ moshrik, accuser 

(see shirk), 

]a«^ . la«JL« mosharmat, torn 
(see «ftarma^a). 

^^ - t3j^ mashrooa^ begun ; a 
written contract, project, draft 
of a law (see shara^d), 

^M mashata, he combed the hair. 

Ib^ misht, comb ; instep or fore- 
part of the foot. 

ik^U mdshita, she who combs, 
female barber. 

- 1^1/*^ masha^rdniy, hairy 
(see sha'r). 

Jjot - JjoiL* mishaH, torch (see 
shaHa) . 

Jjui _ Jyt^t^ mashghool, busy (see 
shoghl) . 

2#^ mashaqa, he tore, pulled to 

jf^ - iifl^ mashdqqa, difficulty 
(see shaqqa). 

(Jili - (JC^ mushhil, difficult (see 
shekl) . 

ittitJkiM - |iM^4b«My« mo^Aamma^, sun* 
struck (see shams). 

mishmish, apricot. 

mashmasha (vulgarism) , 
he beat soft like an apricot, 
pummelled, thumped. 

m^ . M"^ ifn>oshamma\ water- 
proof (see shama'), 
IaJm mushmildj " nifiej* medlar. 
ijJL^ mishanna, rush basket. 

jfx^ . iAX^ mashnaqa, gallows 
(see shana^a). 

J4«t . 4Xf^ mash'had, funeral 
(see shahida), 

j^ ^ j^lfis^ mash'hoor, famous (see 
shahr) . 

^jy*» * SiyMMo - iIamL* mishwaT 

errand ; mashwara, deliberation 
(see shoora). 

f^y*» - sJy**^ mishunf grilled (see 

masha, or misht, he walked. 

«m) imshi (imperative), off with 
you I get along I 

^JU mashi, act of walking. 

( 264 ) 


sLm - i5*^U mdshi, he who walks, 
moves ; on foot ; pi. mushdt, 
infantry. \3*^^ 

^j^^yo - ixtU mdshiya, pi. mawdshi 

(fern in.), she who walks ; (in 
pi.) cattle. [J**^ 

mashsha, he made walk, 
exercised a horse. 

LtUl or ,^Ul tamdsha, a prome- 
nading together ; show, public 

ijjy^ - yi^^ musheer, Field-Mar- 
shal (see shoora), 

j^ . SjkXL^ mashbema, placenta 
(see shaim), 

> It -iixit^ mashiy a,wiBh (see shdd) . 

£Ma« massaj he sucked; 9?ia««, a 
suck. [cf. ^j^^ 

^A^] ^^^ qasab el-mass^ sugar- 
cane for sucking. 

fjAX^^>^ -. ^LLo massdsy sucker; 

maseeSy cement. 
I imtassa, it absorbed. 

^LoUl imtisas, absorption. 

ujy0 - k,,»l^< mosdby hit, wounded 
(see sdb), 

V.^%11^ - (w.^^Ltf^ masd'yib, difficul- 
ties (see sa'oba). 

kyc - cl-A« masdghy jewellery (see 

sdgh) . 

masabb, embouchure. 

mould (see sabba). 

iKc > Xmjuo^ masbagha^ dyer's yard 
(see sabagha). 

^^l« - juuua« ma«&ana, soap-works 
(see baboon). 

uJi«-^ - v-tec^' JS?/ Mos'haf, The 
Book, Koran (see sahafa). 

jSjq - f Jmo^ masdar, infinitiTe» 
source (see sahara). 

^S^ ^ yjS^A^ mosaddaq, believed ; 
double guarantee (see sidq). 

^La<l ~j.Ao masr, pi. anisdr, town. 

-lO* MasVy C^ Mizraim '0 Egypt ; 
Cairo ; in Turkish, Misr. 

i-**i«,ac^' j^a^ Masr el-mahroosa, 
Cairo the protected, the capital. 

XT^-fl^ - sir^^ ''^<^9'^^y9 (femin.) mas* 
riya, Egyptian. 

^'Jl or Jiai\ or .Uj dtydr 

(or aqtdry or ojaZeew), viasriya, 
provinces of Egypt. 

i^X^^ - ^/-^^ mcLsriya, pi. ma«an, 
(Syrian) pence, paras. 

8.^ -;5/*'^ -j-a« mosirr, persistent ; 
masroor, folded up in a bundle 
(see 8orra), 

^ .La« - "Jua* - ji^A< maseer (or 
wia«arr), pi. masdreeny bowels, 
intestines. [ic** 

oj^ - 99/^'« - p'/^*^ misrda', valve ; 
masrooa', epileptic (see^ara'a). 

masraf, masdreefj masroof, out- 
lay, expenses (see sarafa). 

(maL^- L^k«a« 7?ia8^a&a,daisj bench 
(see «a^a&). 

yuc . i^^aLa^ mustafa, chosen, pure 
(see safw). 

( 265 ) 

^(k^^ mastaki, gum-mastic, a 
Uquetir flavoured with aniseed j 
raftz, arrack. ^3j^ 

«lo «lla.^^ viustana' artificial 
(see sana'a). 

yLa . i^Ji^a^ viisfdt, filter (see «a/t(;) . 

L^ - is^*^^ - JLo^ moslih, salt ; 

maslaha, business, &c. (see 
saloha) . 

ci,^4^»^ itiasmat, cookshop. 

S.^ . f^-^^ mosawwir, artist (see 
«oora) . 

c^.4a« Ma80wa\ Massowah ; an 
Italian settlement on the Red 
Sea coast of Abyssinia. 

iJ^ ~ ^^'^^mo^ooTi, chaste, guarded 

(see son), 
c3JU0 . isj^< misiada, trap, net 

(see said). 

.1^ - yJ^^-c maseeVy fact, matter-of- 
fact (see sdra). 
^yc . hj[A^ moddraha, conflict 
(see daraha) , 

Pj^ - c .La< tnoddria\ Aorist Tense 

(see dara^). 

i^^M . i^ArLo/c modda^faf double 
(see diy). 

u.Axi . ii^*^« moddf, added (see 

daif) . 
r^ . iiljb'.^ moddhdt, similarity 

(see dahiy), 
L^^ . i^x^^ mazbcUa, written 

report (see zahata). 
CJ<ss^ - viJlac-^^ modhik, funny (see 

dahika) . 

j^ . \»^ j^ modirr bi, injurious 
(see darra). 

uji^^ . u.^^k^ modtarib, anxious 
(see daraha). 

S^ - wV^Vi^^ modtahid, tyrannical 
(see dahada), 

«^ madagha, he chewed ; tnadgh, 

^^^4^ . ^Jy4^ madinoon, contents, 
guaranteed (see dimn). 

i .^■4,.^ -c madmada^ a gargling, 
rinsing the mouth. 

y^ -. jV^'« tnodif brilliant (see do). 

a« mada, it (time) passed. Q 

A« niodiy, lapse of time. 

iib^t ij^l ^c^ inodiy eUmodda eU 

taweela, lapse of a long period ; 
*' prescription '' ; Statute of 

^^U mddiy passing; passed, past, 
past tense. 

^^yii^l amda, he signed his name. 

>La«l u?i^a, signature* 

sLa«1 . ^bLa«1 imddtoh (vulgarism 
for hnddh), his signature. 

^^jAA^ momdi, signer ; momda, 

a^ . clk« tno^aa', obeyed(see taw^. 

C— ^Ib - JuJUa« motdlaba, claim for 

payment (see tal^ha). 
Jb - iU!lU« viotdla'a, study (see 

tola' a) . 

^aIo - j^aL^ mathakh, kitchen (see 

•aL . iUAla« ma^a'a, printing-press 
(see taba'a). 

•Ua<) . Ja« matar^ -qh amiiv ^^'s^ksi.. 


( 2G6 ) 

jL^l or io* maiara, or amfara, it 

JLj.Ll3.^ Matdriya, Heliopolis; a 
suburb of Cairo. 

^Mo* mntrd7i, metropolitan, arch- 

^.J^ - S-^^ "motrib, musician 

(see tariha), 
^Jo - ^yla« matrah, place (see 

^Jo - Jf^lo* mitraq, hammer (see 

tavaqa) . 
JJa« mart, delay, adjournment, 

xJk - ^Jlc 4jJa^ motill 'ala^ looking 
out upon (see tall a). 

jfUo . ulk« motlaqany absolutely 
(see talaqa). 

^^j4io - Jl^i^Jo* motmayinn, confident 
(see tamn). 

^^jb . 8^L« matwa, penknife (see 
tawa) , 

c^ - ^^fJa^ moteea\ obedient (see 

iuJa« viatlya, horse, nag. 

Jd? - (^^^ - f^^ mozlinij dark ; 

mazloom, victim (see zolni). 
U^ - M t?ia^, with ; ma^d, together. 
\iXd M ma^ zalik, nevertheless, 

with all that. 

^^ M ma* an, although. 

^^fio «^ wa* kbiiy with being, 


*>*^ ma^iya, withness ; '^ suite, 
privy department or household 
of a King, or of the Khedive. 

a3^ - allt ilico ma'o^ Allahi, God 

forbid ! (see ^^^), 

{jijC- - L^Ia^ mo^-drada, opposition 
(see ^arada). 

^jSjlc . ^1^^ ma^dsh, means of 
life, pension (see 'aish). 

f£> - uJUo mo^df, pardoned (see 

t-_^o^ . ^U^ mo^'dqdba, punish- 
ment (see d'qaba). 

Ic - iJU^ mo^-dlaja, medical 
treatment (see ^alaja). 

J.>«^ ^}Lc[ft^ mo' 'd^nal a, treatment, 
conduct (see a'mila). 

^y: . ij^\jL^ Tno'-dwana, assistance 
(see *dn), 

io^U^ Mo'-dwiya, the first Caliph 
of Damascus, a.d. 661, founder 
of the Omaya dynasty (seelA^O* 

^jXc . iXAjt^ TYio'-dyana, inspection 
(see *ain). 

4\Ac - Jon^ ma'lad, place of worship 
(see 'ahada). 

jxc ^jff^ ma'har, place of passing 
(see *ahara). 

Jy: . jlLc« mo-a^^a^f, usual (see o'd), 

jxc - jyxsi^ mo-a'tabar, respectable 
(see 'abara). 

]x, - t-Er"^ mo-aHari, afflicted (see 
^ara) . 

^ - JjU^ mo^^a{Z,diseased (see *illa) . 
iXAC .Jk4Jbc«7no-a^toma(2, trustworthy 

(see a'mada). 

^Jxc - vJy^ maHooq, freed (see 


( 267 ) 

J - 

ijss. - syU^ ma'tooh^ madj demented 
(see a'tah). 

C^^^s:^ - (•.y^'>s«^ mo-a'jib, pleased^ 
gratified (see a^jiba). 

jf?^ 7na'joor, basin^ dough -pan. 

jsP" - S/s** mo^jiza, miracle (see 
^ajazd) . 

^jx^ - ^j^^ac*'* majoon, paste (see 
a^jana) . 

iXc - 4^jc* r)w-^add (mo-^idd), set 
apart for (see a\ida) . 

^tXc -. ^jJuc^ ma'din, mine, metal 
(see a' dan), 

"^J^-o - SJjc* mia'daj stomach; 
mia^diy, gastric. 

Ij^ - 4^4V«-« vw'di, infectious ; 
ma' da, ferry (see a' da), 

jSc -j^Sm^ ma^zoovj excused (see 

-yC - -jrl/^ mia'rdj, ladder, ascent 
(see aWaja), 

exhibition ; maWood, petition 
(see a'rada). 

\^jfjC - c—ij> •!•-* - Xiyc* ma'rifa, know- 
ledge, means ; maWafa, mane ; 
ma' roof, favour (see a'rafa). 

^c/- - c^y*^ mo-a'rra, stripped 
(see 'aria). 

jcLc 'JJ^ otJm^ ma'z, or ma'yeez, 
goats ; mdy'iz, a goat. 

Jc - jjK^ mo-a'zzaz, corroborated 

(see a'zza), 
jM*c ~jM»M^ mo-a'str, insolvent (see 


jCmC . jC^jt-o mo-a'ahar, camp (see 

rt 4 ^ r - 


wrist; ma'^oowi, infallible, above 
suspicion (see ^wma). 

^Uac - ^ia*^ mo'^i, (God) the Giver 

(see a' to). 

JUiac . JoA^ - iuJiaic^ mo^azzamaj 

magnifier ; mo'zani, majority 
(see a'zama), 

^ . ^ar^ ma'foo, pardoned (see 
a'fw) . 

Jjb - Jyi*^ ma'qool, intelligible 
(see a^^^'O* 

ma'aka, he rubbed. 

i.^^sbc« ma'koos, upside 

down (see a'ks). 


As, . i»^i^c« - Jlic« mo'allim, teacher ; 

ma'loom, known (see a'lima). 

jA£, - jj^fo^ mia'mdr, architect 
(see o'mr). 

fjj^ . (Jjtj^ ma'amal, workshop 
(see a'mila). 

j^ _ ^tf>M«^ mo-amma, enigma (see 

a' via) . 

^^Lo - ^^ {ma'ri), mdo'on, utensilj 

^1^ - uy^ '^(^'''^'^^3 addressed 
(see o'nwdn). 

^Jc - ^^jifc* ma'na, meaning (see 
a' no) . 

S^ . ^^f^ ma'lwodj contracted 
(see a'hida). 

j\j<£, -^Uico mi'ydr, legal standard 
(see i'yiiT\^ 

( 268 ) 



^\m^] - ^ic<) ma'iy, or mi'a, pi. 

ama'd, intestines, 
jcyt* ma'wiy, intestinal. 

^fij^ - xlAjut ma'yUha, means of 
life (see a'ish). 

^^jx - ^^jJ^ moa'yyan, appointed 
(see a' in). 

j\t or J.IjU maghdra, or jfcar, 

^jLar* - ?;^jU maghdza (Turkish for 
maJchzan), magazine. 

.Uc - jJ>U^ moghdyir, contrary (see 

^~jjt - s-^/U maghrib, west, sun- 
set (see ghardba). 
cJ^ - Xi^ mighrafa, ladle (see 

gharafa) . 

^lic - ^^^iJU maghshoosh, adul- 
terated (see ghaahsha). 

fjok^ maghas, colic, gripes. 

^JLc - ^iJa^ mightaSf tank (see 
ghatasa) . 

ILc . ^iaw^ moghatta, covered 
(see ghata). 

sic - JfliU maghlaqy timber-yard, 
enclosure (see ghalaqa), 

ift^j^LxM^ mcLghndtees (Greek), 

>Uc - Ik^ moghanni, singer (see 

ghind) . 

JbyU maghona, lighter, barge. 

^-©y-iijULc mofdwada, community 
of interests {seefoda), 

^Si-^lAA^ miftdhj key (aeefaiaha). 

hi - fcjf/i* moftari, slanderer (see 

firiya) . 
^M^ - i^jJLft-^ i7U)ftari8, fierce 

(animal) {seefarasa). 
^ - ^^^Xi« moftin, plotter (see 

fatana) . 
^Ji - iJ^ mii/?i, Moslem judge 
(see fatwa). 

di - dX^ mofrady alone, solitary 
(see fard) . 

k^ - k^ tnofrit, excessive (see 

farata) . 
jjbJ - JA^ mofarhadj confounded 

(see farhada) . 
t>LaffJ - 43^*^0 mofsidy corrupter 
(see fasdd) . 

iX.^ - «3wiaA^ mifsady lancet (see 

fasada) . 
Jy^ - Jw^tfi^ mct/WZ, joint (see/a«0. 

jJii - ^JlLo muflis, bankrupt (see 

li - -j,^JlJL« maflooj, paralytic^ 

split {seefalaja), 

Sji - t)aLo 7nnfeed, informer, useful 
(see faid). 

UJ - lIjLa-^ maqdtt, cucumber 
garden (see quttd). 

irX^S - C->L*UU maqdsdt, dimen- 
sions (see qiyds), 

ijoi . }jc\ax maqdssa, compensation 
(see qassa). 

Jyf - 2^lLo - JUU maqdl, speech ; 
moqdwala, bargain (see qol), 

^y - iU;U^ - j*U^ mojam, place ; 
nioqdxoania^ resistance (sec qo7n) . 

•• mm 

( 269 ) 


jj - i/fA^ viaqbara, cemetery (see 

Jji - J^J^ - J'J^ moqbil, coming; 
maqhool, accepted (see qabala). 

- ei^JU maqty hatred ; ma- 
qeetj detestable. 

^*fliL« moqtada, necessary 

(see qctda). 
,63 - jt^JsLo - .IjJU miqddr, quan- 
tity; muqtadir,a,h\e(seeqadara). 

j^^S - mSJL^ muqdim, forepart (see 


uJji . uJlisLo 7niqddfj oar (see 

ji ^ jjJu^ - .A^ moqirr, confessing; 

maqarr, fixed place; moqarrar, 
certain, direct (see qarra). 

^^jji - ij/i^ maqriba, vicinity (see 

iiS - uJJto moqrify cross, bad 

tempered (see qarafa). 



ilZs - &:Ua^ miqashaha, broom (see 
qashsh) . 

fjcS . ^jcSl^ maqass, scissors (see 
qassa) . 

iSuaf . (Xm^ maqsadj aim, object 
(see qasada), 

jtci . IjycSL^ maqsoora, chamber 

(see qasara). 
*i - 

maqtaf, basket (see 
qatafa) . 

Ja» . JaLo moqattam, cliSs near 

Cairo (see qatama). 

JeH - j^aA^ maqtoor, towed (see 

iXiJ . StJL^ maqa^dj seat ; maqa'id, 
cripple (see qa'da)^ 

AiS - j^jOA^ moqaffa, rhymed (see 
qafd) . 

(JsU ifioql, fruit of dom palm, 
hyphaene ihebaica. 

If — tJ^ maqli, fried ; miqla, 
frying-pan (see qald). 

jaS ^yAsuc moqmir, moon-lit (see 
qamar) . 

«jI» . misuo moqnia\ convincing (see 

qania'a) . 

jj . JyU viiqwad, halter (see qod). 

Jjl - diJLo maqoola, category (see 

iJf . i^ySL^ moqawxoa, cardboard 
(see qowwa). 

Lt'^ - LT''^!^ miqyds, instrument 
for measuring (see qiyds). 

dj3 - *^JtJ^ moqayyad^ registerodj 
bound (see quid). 

aJ - ftJ^ moqeem, resident (see qom) • 

>l* . >,«5-« moqayya, or nioqeey, 
emetic (see ga). 

£U Makka, Mecca in Arabia. 

TJLoor <[V:^K^ Makkdvny, or Makkty, 

CJ^Lc mahkook, weaver^s beam. 

jo^ - ? Jjll* mokdbada, perseverance, 
endurance (see kibd). 

\S - SKICo moiara^, hire (see kird). 
Aii . SUICe mokdfdt, reward (see 

^^ . ^\Ce makdn, place (see fcot i) • 


( 270 ) 


(m»u^ . c_Ji^ maktab, school, 
office (see kataba). 

C*X« mahasa, he remaioed^ passed 
time ; multSy duration, stay. 

JiflK^ - Xla^ mih-hala, kohl bottle 
(see kohl), 

6^1^ . «xCo makada, he remained ; 
mdkid, firm, constant. 

iU makara, he deceived ; makr, 
trickery, deceit. 

.ICo makkdr, trickster, deceiver. 

jS ' jj^ mokaiTar, repeated (see 

%^ - *5j^ 'f^cikrooh, hated (see 
karaha) . 

ijS^ maks, octroi ; Mox. [jyJ^^ J 

ifS^ makkasa, he levied octroi. 

^Ji^ makkda, octroi official. 

K_- r^ - <w^M*C>< maksab, gain (see 

I— flMj>^ - ' •j-^-B maksoof, sorry (see 

(w^ . ^^^wC,^ inoka*a^b, cubic (see 

C^a)^ - ^juK^ makhob, rabid (see 

<_o^ - c-iK-o mokaUaf, responsible 
(see kali fa), 

iuiCo mukna, or mikna, power. 

j^^ji^ or ^U mdkin, or makeen, 

^W - ^;IC« 77iafean, pi. amdkiuj 
place, spot. [^^ 

^^^Cw - ^^^1 amA;ana, it was pos- 
sible; yomkin, it ia possible^ 

u' kJ \J^' ^^ v,5^^^ yornkin-ni, or 
yomkin li an, I can, it is pos- 
sible for me to . [.jj 

u' ^ u^ ^^ xl^ yomktn-oh, or 
yomkin laho an, he can. 

^jCm) moinkin, possible. 

^ICol imkdn, possibility. 

^KLoSI .jj ^iii *aZa jadr el-imkan, 
as much as possible. 

^J^ makkana, he made possible, 

^^^UJ - (^;:aC«J tamkeen, pi. tamd" 
keen, licence, permit. 

^ ^j;^ famakkana rain, he could^ 
succeeded in. 

ty^ - JLiiCo miknasa, broom (see 

^Z- SyU mikwa, flat-iron (see kaiy). 

djS or ijaC« makeeda, or /^aiJ. 

Z[jkS . f^^^^^mikydl, grain- measure 
(see kiydla). 

(Jl* malal, weariness. 

Jl« - lU media, it wearied, an- 
noyed ; ma//, wearisome. 


JJl« . 2L« milla, pi. milal, sect, 
nation, religion. 

_Lo . Lo ma2(i, he filled ; malia, 
it became full. 


HUj • Le malld, he filled ; /am- 
liya, a making full. 

lUI imtald, it became full. 

Sl« or Le mcdd, fullness. 

SJlo ma/u;a, measure of 3) quarts; 
ngarly a gallon. 


( 271 ) 


iyLo viUdya, woman's plaid or 
check shawl. 

j*ftj| cLj'jJLo milaydt eUfarah, 

^^U^ • ^Le malidn, full ; mamloOj 

1^ - ^^^JU maldhisj clothes (see 

aJI- AplLo-Ai'l^ middzim,\ieu.teiieLnt; 

mvltazim, contractor (see lazima) . 

^U! - SUJU muldqdtj interview (see 

A^ . aLo mcddm, blame (see lorn), 

^^j^ * \^yy^ - (j**?^ mulabhaa, 
sweetmeats ; malboosj clothed 
(see labisa). 

^j*J^ . ^^j^Jji^ multabis, ambiguous 
(see labisa). 

l::^ - vj;^%aaU mvltafit, attentive 
(see lafata). 

>W - W^ maljd, place of refuge 
(see lajd). 

Jl« milhy salt. [ JL-a< 

^]U malldh, sailor^ mariner. 
JU mdlih, saline, sea-fish, &c. 

Xac*^*^ or i^l^ malldha, or mam- 
laha, a saline, lagoon, salt-pan ; 
mimlaha, salt-cellar. maldha, beauty, excellence. 
-^JLo - ^jJu maleeh, pi. mildh, good, 

excellent ; salted. 
Jl«I amlah, better, 
^js' - Jf:s*-* mulhaq, annexe (see 
lahiqa) . 

laae - b^a:*^ malhooz, observed (see 

JU malakha, he plucked, spoilt. 

i->-ft-^U maloohhtya, mallow, a 
favourite dish of vegetables in 
Egypt, corchorus oliiorius. 

aJJ - Aj[/U malzoom, responsible 
(see lazima). 

^jJl« malas, chemise, thin blue 
smock, or veil. 

^jJLcI . LmL« maldsa, smoothness ; 
imlia, smooth. 

^iJL« mallasa, he smoothed, stroked. 

kU maltj sheer, quite. [z/^c^ 

SidLc Malta, Malta. 

jfjJ-iiiJL^ mi'Za'ja, spoonCseeZaV^a). 

(J*' - Uf^ mala'oon, accursed 
(see Vana), 

yi - ,^J^ malghi, annulled (see 

W M 

\^ - t».ijflU - i— al>^ milaff, en- 
velope ; malfoofj cabbage (see 

^ . ^ -A/,^. tnunped .p 
(see laffaqa). 

jfUl or ^jU maliqa, or tamallaqa, 
he fawned upon. 

iaU - jfL« malaqj open country ; 
in Upper Egypt, undulating 
surface of lands covered by 
high Nile, called in Lower 
Egypt, rdtib is^\j) ; malqa, 
or malaqa, distance, league. 

u^ - c- ««!>< mulqaf, air-shaft (see 
laqifa) . 


( 272 ) 


ASi - i^aU mulqi, thrown down 
(see Uqd). 

Li3l«l . v^AU mulk, or milky pi. 
amlaky right, property ; real 
property, freehold; royalty. 

J 1^1 ^ CJIUI amldk wa OAnwal, real 
and personal property. 

TujU^< CJ]L«) amldk meeinya, 
government lands, " domaine 

aJlLo mulkiya {itialukiya) , right, 

^JLo mulkiy, belonging to govern- 
ment; civilian employ^, civil, 
not military. 

CJIIlUI . CAU malaka, or imtcdaka, 
he possessed. 


kDLo mallaka,he transferred pro- 
perty, gave a right. 

CJUI4J tamleek, transfer of pro- 
perty or right. 

CJH.4J or VilALlol imtalakaj or tamal- 

laka, he appropriated to him- 
self, took possession. 

CJi^jUil istavilaka, he wished to 

possess, founded a colony. 
iiJho - C^U Tivdlik, pi. molldk, 

owner ; king. 

CJ^« - CJIU malikf pL molook, 

XCJLo malika, queen ; malaka, 

KiJI iillU. jaldl<it eUmalika, H.M. 
The Queen. 

4^. (JJX^ ma/dk, angel (see /alra). 

J[^U - CJUU JfaZifc, Abdullah 
Malik ibn Anas, founder of 
the Mdlikiy, one of the four 
great Sunni schools of orthodox 
Islam. Medina 715 — 795 a.d. 
(see JjJi^ - ^^^:!^ - 13^^) • 

CAi4< niomalUk, transferor of 

^^U^ • KLiMe mamlaka, pi. mamrdr 
Ilk, kingdom. 

CJjiU^ . CJ^L«^ mamlook, pi. 
mamdhek, thing or slave pos- 
sessed ; Mameluke. 

cl>\^^Ul« mamlookdt, possessions, 

iiUll^jLyb^ mustamlak, colony. 

v±jy . clj>«.Le molawwas, soiled, 
stained (see lawwaaa). 

i^y - ij:^ malwi, folded (see lawa). 

^JU or Le mala, he walked. 

^JUI am/a, he made proceed, 
dictated writing. 

pL^\ imldj dictation for writing. 
^L* milli (French), millimetre, 
^jj - ij;:iJ^ molayyin, softener, 

purge (see leeri). 
^^jJU milyon (European), million. 

CL;yc » c:->. 4> < mamdt, death (see^^Jf) . 

^^ ma» (usually pronounced meen)^ 
who^ he, she, or they who. 

min, from, out of, than, 
since. l^^f- 

JUll ^-9 min eUa^dl, of the best, 

^ wni hais, whereas. 


( 273 ) 

A i 

CA!j ^j^ jS) aktar min zalik^ 
more than that. 

U ^j^ - L«^ mim-mcbj for min-ma, 
from that which. 

5.jlU mandu;ara (French), ma- 
noeuvre, trick. 

r^ mann, manna, gift, favour. 

^jLo - iU minna, pi. mfnan, gift ; 

reproach for ingratitude. 
^Ito mawnaw, benefactor, Grod. 

^JUw« mamnoon, favoured; glad, 

jLj^JJU-^ mamnooniya, delight, 

u^lLo mandkh, a place where a 

camel kneels. [^ and ^y 

Ijj - ^-^fc^'^ monddi, public crier 

(see nada). 
.J - ?.'vUmandra,minaret(seenoor). 

t._-..'* . ^^..^vMiUU mondsib. fit, 

suitable (see nasah). 
ifi^ - i-iiUU mondqaahaj quarrel, 

debats (see naqasha). 
A J - a^jU wandm, dream (see nonC) . 

SjJ • L^liU mondu;a&a, alternation 

(see noba). 
1^ J - JL^^UU mondwasha, battle, 

quarrel (see nosh). 
UL^Ui . ci^aJLo monbit. fertile (see 

nabdi) . 
jJ-^juL«7Mm6ar, pulpit (see nabara), 

m^i^^xLomanba\ source (see naba^a) . 

juj . Juuulo 7nontabih, attentive (see 

nubh) . 
uJ^ . «— a^u^ tnun^a^tf, about 

half (see nusf). 
^ . ^^^uLe munh'71, stinking (see 

natana) • 

Jw - j^^ manthoor, scattered, 

prose (see nathara). 
fjac . J^fl^^ minjcdj scythe (see 

X^ manaha, he favoured, granted. 

w • 

^L« -J^U minAa, pi. mi nai, favour. 

^jcc . .lieu minkhdr, nostril (see 

nahhecr) . 
Ji^ — (Ji^U monkholj sieve (see 

i^jj . (^^iVJU mandoob, nominee, 

delegate (see nadaba). 
jjUU ., ijSLo mafidara, pi. mand- 

dir, saloon, outer hall, rooms 

on the ground floor. 
J jJlJI s^j^ darb d-mandalj practice 

of false magic ; magic circle, 

square, mirror, &c. [^Lmjum 
JjjUU ^ ck^^JU mandeel, pi. mand' 

deel, handkerchief, bundle. 
sLo or tV< munz, since (of time past) . 

(J/* - <JA* ^^^2jiZ, house (see nizila). 
h^]j - tc^^«i^ munzawi, hermit (see 

zdwiya) . 
CJLmj . iiX*Ji^ man^aA;, rite (see 

^^*mj - ^-mJLo mansiy, forgotten (see 


^^^ . JL^LJU minashsha, fly-flip (see 
ncLshsha) . 

ministerial order ; minshdr, 
saw (see nashara). 
J^ . ^Ji»x^ munshi, tutor (see 

sULJLc or 3u^^ menshiya, or mtn- 
«Ad^ (Coptic), place, village, 
public square. 

( 274 ) 


J ^ v,^^l< mansih, office^ post 
(see naah). 

j^ - y<ax« mansar, gang, clique 
(see na^r). 

j^ - 5^^-fljb«Jl eUMansoora, the vic- 
torious (city) (see na«r). 

<— ft^ . <...A.^JL«mtin^i/j*ust(seentiJv/0 . 
^laJ - JfLi« mmtaq, zone; mantiq, 
logic, speech (see nafaja). 

AaJ -i^^laJU vianzaVj point of view 
(see nazar). 

▲la! « (*^^ manxioom, arranged, 
verse (see na;rm). 

•jLo mana^a, he prevented, forbad. 

^^ mana^ prevention, prohibition. 

«j1ft^ . «iLc mamV, pi. mawdnia', 

preventing, obstacle, objection. 

cyUw^ mamnooa^j forbidden. 

^ t*^' '^'^^^'^^^^ ^*^j ^® abstained 
from, declined, refused. 

JIaJU or J'sAJLo manghdlj or manqdl, 
brazier, pan for charcoal. 

^.-ftjU Manf (Coptic), Memphis. 

Xj^i^JLo Manoofiya, a province of 
the Delta near Cairo. 

Jo - ^\aLo vimfdkh, bellows (see 

nafakhcu . 

ikfti . «kflx« manfaz, passage (see 
nafaza) . 

^^^^ - i^j**AX^ mivfasy air-hole (see 
nafas) . 

^^^.oAJ -. LaoJU manfada, ash-tray 
(see nafada), 

•ki . htiiLo manfada, advantage 
(see nafa'a). 

Jii « iJ^ mavfa, place of exile ; 
manfi, exiled (see nafa). 

Ss6 . jUjU minqddj beak (see 
naqada) . 

i>y . jUJLc mongacJ, docile (see qod). 

jsij - .UjLo minqdr, chisel, pickaxe 

(see naqara). 
fjsu . J;^^ manqodj moTeable^ 

moved (see naqala), 

hCi . L,,>^CU mankib. shoulder 

(see nakba). 
jj^yj^^minwdry skylight (seenoor) . 

ky-Lyumanoof, dependent (seenJ^). 

J J « J^yi^ 7>imi(;a/, manner (see nJ/). 
^ - ^fU manhaj, road, track 

(see nahj). 

JU Mina, or Moona, a valley 
near Mecca, scene of the Korban 

^JLo.XjJi^wwnia, wish; mani, semen. 

jUI — iXU> umniya, pi. amdni, 
wish. [cf. amniya, security, 

^^^•1 p. 10.] 

^juJ ^amariYia, he wished, begged, 
saluted a superior. 

bJLo Minid (Coptic), place, town; 
a town and province in Upper 

J.aJLo Minyal (Coptic), a part of 
Old Cairo, the island of Boda. i' 

iuLUb ^ L^>f« mall aba, majesty (see 

js^ -^^W* ^ohdjir, emigrant (see 

hajara) . 
Sjlyb . S J^lf« mohdwida, moderate 

(prices) (see hawdda). 


( 275 ) 



JkAf* mahbily vagina, [J^ 

^ mihajj, socket of bolt of a door. 

4Xf« mahdy cradle. 

Juf« mahhada, he spread out, made 
smooth, facilitated, prepared the 

^^SJ<^ tamheediy, in hohm tarn- 
heediy, "jugement interlocutoire/* 

j^JJt - c^'H^ Mahdi, led (by God) ; 
" Mahdi '^ (see /^ada) . 

j^ -^ mahr, pi. mohoor, dower 

settled on the wife by the 
husband at marriage ; bride's 
wealth at time of marriage. 

iJ^J^ - (Ja:^^j^ mahr mo-a^jjal, 
dower paid down quickly at 
marriage; mahr mo-ajjaly dower 
deferred^ and payable at his 
death or on divorce. [J^l - J«^ 

.lf«l -^ mohrj pi. am/iar, colt, foal. 

j^ muhr (Persian), seal, signet. 

ij[^ mahdray skill. [».lL*t 

«^ -ybU mdAiV, pi. maAar a, expert. 

^U^^ mahrjdn (Persian), ffite, 
autumnal equinox. 

^;|;f« mahrdn (Persian), military 

J4-0 mahala, he went slow, was 

J^l amhala, he deferred, granted 
a delay. 

J^ mahly gentleness, slowness. 

CAlf« ^j£. 'ala mahlah, slowly I 
60 slow ! 

Jdf« mohia, delay, interval, respite. 

^ - ^ moMmmj important (see 

hamm) . 
lAf< mahmdy whatever, whenever. 

JUf^ mihna, service, skill, profession. 

jLm jjut . (^JJif« mohandiSy engineer 
(see handasa), 

Jyt - J^ mahooly terror (see hot) . 

ujb « \>^ mohayydf prepared (see 

4V« . 5!^ mawdddy matters (see 
madda) . 

J^l » 8ik»-l^ ino'dkhazay blame 
(see dkhaza). 

JjI - i^/-« mo-abhaddnj for life 
(see abad), 

^^j)y — itfl^ 77iot£?a«a^, equality 
(see wdzd). 

iJj3 • ^'y* ^'^^^^^^^i equilibrium 
(see wazana), 

15^ - L5^'>^ mawdshi, cattle (see 
masha) . 

jfi^ — Jh*'>« mowdfiqy ally, con- 
senting (see wa/q). 

K^DyQ mot, death. 

eL;>4j . ci.>U ma^a, he died; yo- 
moo^, he is dying. 

fjDyc mawwata, he killed. 

cl;^UJ tamdwatay he shammed dead. 

ciJto mdyity dying. 

^^^* or ^yt} - c:^ mayyit, pi. 
amwdty or 7?u>^a, dead. 

C^L« mat(;d^, dead, uncultivated 
lands without an owner. 

£iyuL« or cl;Uw« mama^, or maiYoofai 


( 276 ) 


j^\ . j^i^ mo-atamaVj congress 
(see amara), 

er*' - {^y^J^ mo -ataman J trust- 
worthy (see amn). 

ttV*' " tT* '^if pl* ^^M;a/, wave, 

Cy^^j - (w^vd.^ moojib, causing 
(see wajdba). 

J^y^ moojiz, brief, concise (see 

S^^ - t^f^yc mowjood, found, pre- 
sent (see wajada), 

L^J^ . S-^^>« mowaddab, fitted 
up (see waddaba), 

ci); — cd^ moodia\ depositor (see 
wada^a) . 

J^ - 843^ mai(;adl£fa, love (see M^arfrfa). 


^IjI - k:)^J^ mo-addm, crier to 
prayer (see eddn). 

^J\ - ^y« niowarrakh, dated (see 

4)^^ . idj^ mawrada^ landing- 
place (see warada). 

ijyc Mora, Morea, Peloponnesus. 
jy — ijy niozay pi. mJiZf, banana. 
yj!^''\^j»*^J^ ??to-as«(w, founded (see 

^^ — ^/^^'^^ f^^osivy solvent, rich 
(see yasara). 

jMi^ - ^»*4y mosim, season, monsoon, 

ffite (see waaama). 
\^y or ^^y inoosa (vulgarly, 

moos), razor; Moosa, Moses. 

^S:^j^moo8eeqa (£?uropean)^ music. 


^Lt^ .» lis***y mowashshaha, lyric, 
ode, hymn (see wishdh). 

Jmc^ Mosul, a village near ancient 

^j^^ - ^^y unoosi, testator (see 

Cf9 " fy^y* " T^y* mawda^, place; 
mawdooa*, placed (see wada'a) . 

^Ajd?^ - v^)oyc mowazzaf, employ^ 
(see tvazeefa), 

d^^ - Oi^ - c:^Sy« mowaqqat, 
temporary; mdqit, fixed time 
(see waqt). 

^^^•^ymawqiu', -place {seewaqa'a). 

i^JSy . <i-Jyj^ - i^Jiy moqif, place; 
mawqoof, arrested [^eewaqafa). 

iy mawhlb, procession, [^^i^^ 

si^ - sij^ mo-akkad, confirmed 
(see wakhada) . 


ijjfiy - J^^ mowakkH, principal 
(see wakeel, agent). 

^}y mol, a being rich. 

Jlyol - JU mdl, pi. amwdl, wealth, 
riches ; personal property, 

^oJuJI JI^l amivdl el-meeriy, taxes, 
wealth of the state. 

JUII i^K rds el-mdl, capital (in 
money) . 

JUJl c:.^ bait el - mdl. Sacred 
Moslem treasury, under the 
Sheria't law. [see o^^ 

ioJU mdliya, financial, finances. 

XSUJI 8,UaJ nazdret cl-mMiya, 
"MLim^try of rinance. 


( 277 ) 


JluIj ^ £LflJL« Jl^l amt(;aZ manqoola^ 
moveables ; amwdl sdhita^ real 
property, immoveables. 

Sj^A« J 1^1 amwdl mojarrara, direct 

iilSUl - J'^' amwdl, goods, per- 
sonal property ; amldk, lands, 
houses, real property. 

Jjy«J - J»^ mawwalaj he imposed 
a tax ; tamweelj taxation. 

Jy«w« momawivilj creditor, the State 
as the possessor of amwdl, or 
imposer of taxes. 

J ^4^ momawwal, debtor, taxpayer. 

iXL • ^}y^ - *^y^ mawlid, birth ; 
mowlood, born (see walada), 

ijl - I— ft!^-^ mo-allif, author (see 
allafa) . 

Jl . Jj^ moolim, causing pain 
(see alam), 

lJ^ - ^yo mola, master (see walia) . 


m^om (Persian), wax. 

M^' - iiX^J^ m^omin, believer, 
Moslem ; insurer of property j 
mooman, trusted in ; property 
assured (see amn). 

\j<^^< moomiyd, mummy. 

^Sil — C^J^ m^-annas, feminine 
gender (see unsa). 

ijy moona, provisions, rations ; 
cement made of lime, sand and 
powdered red stone. 

W«^^Jt^ . L-jybj^ mawhooby given (see 

JjI . «vj^ mo-ayyad, confirmed 
(see aid). 

Lo - hyo mwaya, water (colloquial 
for via), 

v:>x« meet (Coptic), place, village. 

^U - CU'N:^^ mset (vulgarism for 
maya), hundred. 

^jjjJUl* « e^'^^J^ maiddn, pi. mayd' 
deen, open space, a common; 
public square. 

jcSI ^j;ljjuc maiddn aldi (Turkish), 
review, march past. 

^^jl - dSjJLo maidna, minaret (see 

jxJi 'ji^ m^er (Persian for Arabic 
ameer), lord. 

.^1 jjL^ meer-i-akhor, Master of 
the Horse. 

f^^\ jjL<i tneer-i-aldi, colonel. 

>IJ jjL^ mser-i'liwd, general of 

^ji^ j^ "i^i^^'i'i^^^dn, civilian 
Pasha of the third or lowest 
rank, equal to a liwa. 

^jJ^ meeriy princely, relating to 
the government. 

r^^xJI \JLXL^ amldh el-meeriy, 
government lands, domains of 
the State. 

iijX< JLciX,^ Tchidma meeriya, 
government service. 

vl^^ . ^^J^ meerds, inheritance 
(see warasa), 

jx^ mayyaza, he separated, dis- 
tinguished ; was of years of 

jjkAj tamayyaza, it became dis- 


( 278 ) 



:l!Ul imtdza, he was selected, 

jIjjUI imtiydz, selection, privilege, 

concession or grant for public 

works, &c. 

j'jU^ mumtdz, select ; elite^ privi- 

JiJut3 tamyeeZy selection ; discre- 
tion, age of discretion ; (in 
Turkey) Court of Cassation. 

jjl4^ mumayyiz, arrived at years 
of discretion; he who sepa- 
rates, discerns. 

JJ^^ mutamayyiz, selected, of 
select rank, senior rank of Bey. 

^J^ or ^-1 . L^\jS^ or t^^ 
mcezdb, gutter (see azaha, 

iiy}3 - ulnJ^ mcezduj scales. Libra 
in Zodiac (see wazana), 

j»^ . 5/**^H 'rnaisaray solvency 
wealth (see yasara) . 

J^^ • i$V^x« meeddt, mosque-tank 
for ablutions (see wodoo), 

hdL^ maya'ay balm, perfume. 

t^c^ - d\,KjLc mee'yddj fixed time 
(see wa'da). 

C>f^ - CL>'sAJL« meeqdt, fixed time 
(see waqi). 

Jlx«l - (Jju« maily pi. amidly inclina- 
tion, leaning, liking, partiality. 

^^JL-ji— ^ mayalduy inclination, ob- 

Ja>ij . JU mdlay he leaned ; ya- 
meelj he leans. 

JJU mdyil, who leans, stoops ; ob- 
Jique; 5ji23pa the tic, inclined to. 

Jkx«l amialj more leaning or 

JjUJ tamdyala, he leaned towardsj 

JU>«1 . JjUo meel, pi. amydl 
(European), mile. 

«3J^ -4)ljL«?neeZa(2, birth (see t«raZ{u2a). 

pi. miyduy or rriau^am, harbour, 
port (see wancC). 

Ux«meena (Persian), enamel. [u-jXa 

iS^ . JcJU meea, or 9»ee^ (for maj^a), 

^^jLu . X4jU« maitamaj orphans 
(pi. of yateem). 

^4j - ixAJL^ maimanaj felicity (see 

ir^Jy^ or i/^/J^ mayoos, despaired 
of. [^ - v^ 


^ Noon. Value = 60. 

LJ _ ^jU ndba, it was instead of 
(see twba), 

(w.^ . Ui^lj ndb, canine tooth 
(see neeb), 

^ - liJ^^^ ndhiya, side, place, 
village (see nahw). 

.J - .Ij ndvy fire (see noor). 

rJ or CL>liU - iiU naga, pi. ndqdt, 
or noog, she-camel ; star of 

^j*ylj nagoof, clapper, gong. 
I A%> - J^ nama, he slept (see 7wm). 



( 279 ) 

• ••• 

iT'yJ^ ndmoos (Greek nomos, used 
in Turkish), honour, reputation. 

iT'y^ ndmoos y mosquitoes. 

SjkMiyo\i ndmoosiya, mosquito-net. 

^Undy(Persian), flute, reed. [J^;' 

^ or ^^\i nai, or nee, raw (meat) ; 
unbaked (brick). 

Luil - ^A> nabiy, pi. anhiya, 
prophet, Warner. 

Ayi nabavriy, prophetic, of the 
prophet Mahomet. 

3L>*aJ jUk'i e:^^ sitt Fdtma naha- 
wiya, the lady Fatima, daugh- 
ter of the prophet. 

iy,fi nubowa, status of prophet, 

^'jJl anba, he warned, pointed out. 

^Uil inbd, a warning, hint. 

^^juLo t/mn?)i, pointing out, warning. 

cl>WjJ - KZj\jj nabdt, pi. nabdtdt, 
plant, vegetation. 

c:^! anbata, it sprouted, grew ; 
the land was fertile. 

v^-^i^ munbiL fertile. 

uSp^jU ndbit, sprouting, growing. 

t^^i^\y . ijLJ^ naboot, pi. nabdbeet, 
pole, long staff. 

^ nabaha, (the dog) barked ; 
(the wound) throbbed. [^^ 

— Ijo nibdh, adog^s bark; throbbing 

Sjjjl - JJuJ nabeety pi. anhida, 
wine ; date- wine. 

jj nabara, he rose up, it grew. 

cotton or sugar), a word in 
use in Upper Egypt. 

AjJI anbdr (Persian), barn, pantry. 

jxLo minbar, pulpit. 

^jZjj nabasha, he dug, scratched 
the ground. 

LoAJ nabda, pulse, pulsation. 

lax) nabata, it resulted. [ JJ 

kjuuLMi istanbata, he deduced, 

k3jnrt66a^a,he scoffed at, criticised. 

*jJ nabaha, it took its source. 

«juL« manba'y source, fountain. 

c^juu Yanboa', Yembo, an Arabian 
port on the Red Sea. 

ZAj nabq, wild apple; zizyphua 
spina Christi, lotus. Lj^ 

JjJ nabl, arrow. 

JjIjJ nabdyil, bracelets (of silver). 

SUi nahala, ability, capacity. 

aui nubhj sagacity, alertness. 

ajJ nabbaha, he warned, ordered, 

iUjJ ndbeehj intelligent, alert, 

JuJo tanabbaha, he took care, was 
on his guard. 

ijjj] intabaha, he took care, was 

sUiil intibdhy care, attention, 

^uuuU muntahihj careful, attentive. 

ijiJ^xuS . <)uuu3 tanbeehj pi. tanbee^ 
hat, instructions, summons. 

j^Ui nahdri, crops of gfratn (not ^ nofoo, swelling, tumour 

» •!• 

( 280 ) 


jJlj ndti, protruding, swelling out. 

Jo nataja, it resulted, was the 

vlAIj ^^ Jub yantoj min zalih, 

it results from that. 

Cl^s— ar*^ natajat, (the animal) 
brought forth, foaled, calved, &c. 

Jol antaja, it produced, gave as 


JuuLl istwntaja, he deduced, i 

-ppli! nitdj, parturition of animals ; 
issue, calf, foal, whelp, young; 
increase of flocks and herds. 

Ifd-lju ^ i**,yJ^ jdmoosa wa nitdj-ha, 
a she-buffalo and her calf. 

^Sli ndtij, resulting. 

Jlii - ^^^f^ 7iateeja, pi. natdyijy 
result, summary, precis j pocket 

^jSm natashay he snatched. [^ 

natafa, he plucked out hairs, 

natfy depilation. 

j^\j ndtiq, a fertile dam, she-animal. 

^yXxm] istantaqa, he vomited. 

[see also jfkJuuMl 

^1 or ^JJ3 natana, or antana, it 
stank, [^JLC 

a!iju natdnay stench. 

ijjuLo muntin, stinking. 

yj natharUy he scattered, dispersed. 

^jii nathariy, diverse, sundry, 
petty (expenses). 

^y^ manthooTf scattered ; prose ; 

• .. . 

Cy>o>fC najeebj noble, arisiocratj 
of good lineage. 

h[efnajdbay nobility, purity of race. 

^IrC najdbetlu (Turkish title for 
the Sultan's family), noble^ of 
pure race, 

j:f najaha, he prospered, suc- 
ceeded in. [ Ji 

-.Iflf najdh, success, prosperity. 

»-li ndjihy successful, beneficial^ 

d^ - Ssf najd, pi. nojood, bul- 
wark, buttress; firm cushion 
or mattrass. 

Ssf^] El' Najd, the high inner 
plateau of Arabia. 

Ssf^ vwnajjidj maker or staffer 

of cushions. 

Ss^] anjada, he helped, rescued. 

^^'ju-r^ I injid' ni (Imperative) , 
help me ! help ! 

^^ tXrcvJuil istanjada boh, he asked 
" for help. 

jOf najaraj he planed wood, car- 

.1:^ najjdr, carpenter, joiner. 

jsf] or jsf najaza, or anjaza, he 
fulfilled, carried out. 

:l^*l OT j[sf najdz, or injdz, com- 
pletion, fulfilment, execution 
of duty. 

»0^niji8ayit was impure, unclean. 
im\a: najdsa, impurity, defilement. 


( 281 ) 


tA^ Najdshiy Negus, Negoosa- 
Nagast, the title of the King 
of Abyssinia. 

* M ■ 

ST « a^nflc naja'ttf pi. nojoa', village 
or pasturage; a word in common 
use for Bedouin hamlets in 
Upper Egypt. 

najafa^ heap, cluster, group. 

(Jx^ najala, he begot, produced; 
cut open. 

Jlrs^l - J^ najl, pi. anjal, son, 
posterity. [J-**i 

jJ^fU viinjal, scythe, sickle. 
j»yf - ^ najm, pi. nojoom, star. 
S,IXmj ^y^ nojoom sayydra, planets. 
^y^l jLc 'ilm en-nojoom, astrology. 
clAlflll J^ 'Urn el'falak, astronomy. 
AfifU monajjiniy astrologer. 
Uc* 7ia/<i, he escaped into safety. 
^^^) anja, he saved, rescued. 

i^ najdt, safety, salvation, de- 

li 7idji, safe, saved (by God). 


nahb, time, lifetime ; sob. 

^^^-oAj] or ^^^ qada, or inqada 

nahboh, he died, his lifetime 
was over. 

nakdba, he sobbed, 

yj^^d - vi^^^" na/i^, hewn or dressed 
stone ; dabsh, rough unhewn 

jijs^ - jfi^ fiahr, thorax ; nihreer, 

^— Jj/w/fl/zam^iecommittedsuicide, \ 

nahis, of evil omen, unlucky, 

l^lflC nuhds, copper, a copper 
vessel, brass. 


nahhds, coppersmith. 
naheef, thin, slender. 
ijsp . jd^ nahla, pi. noAZ, bee. 

(JflcOl i>Jl^ khcJdyat eji-nahl, bee- 

^fsr nahv), syntax. 

^Iflc) . ^fisT nakwy pi. an%a, side ; 

intention ; place, vicinity, ten- 

^ nahiv, about, nearly, towards; 
like, as it were. 

jjys^ nahvjoh, like it, near it, such 

^f^ nahwiy, grammatical, syn- 
tactical ; high-flown, too pe- 

S tanahha, he withdrew him- 
self to one side. 

1y . ^^^^ ndhiya, pi. nawdhi, 
district, village, place, direc- 
tion, side. 

^J iji>.lA!l en-ndhiyd dee (collo- 
quial), hither, to this side. 

J nakhl'ha, he grunted ^^nahhkh" 
as a sign to the camel to kneel ; 
he crouched, knelt like a camel. 

^UU mandkhkhy place of kneeling 
or halting of camels. [-;.J 

nokhba, the choice part, elite, 



( 282 ) 


^jUcu) intikhdbf choice^ selection. 
^0yr<\l'cmuntalchab, elected^ chosen. 

54>^fl^ or 5 J^U nakhoda (Persian), 
captain of a sailing ship or 
dhow in the Eastern seas. 

jXs^ nahheer, snore. 

.liu minkhdr, nostril. 

•J^UU mandhheer^ nostrils, the 
nose. [wiil 

cL..e^ nakhda^f marrow, spinal 

Jl^ . JdfiC nahhla, pi. ndkheel, 
date-palm tree. 

Ji^ nakhala, he sifted, winnowed. 

2'vic nokhdla, bran. 

Jicu or J^s^ monkhool, sieve, 
hair sieve. 

JjJ (jJ nadda) naddada, he criti- 
cised, made remarks, pointed 

SiSjj tandeed, remark, criticism. 

L^jj nadaba, he lamented the 
dead, wept ; nabdj alert. 

h\jS nadddba, professional female 

c,,Mu mandab, tears, lamentation. 

L^jJ nadaba, he invited, appointed 
an agent. 

K^^Sx^ mandoob, nominee, agent, 

L-^jaj1 intadaha,he deputed another. 

<^i3Ji1 ontodiba (passive voice), he 
was deputed to act for another. 

»4jU ndc/ir, rare, seldom. 

^^1^' naivdiUr, pi., rare thing8> 
cariosities, witticisms. 

Jjj nadaia, he handled, seized. 

Jj«>'JLo . (j£«3JU manded, pi. mo- 
nddeel, handkerchief, napkin ; 
bundle tied up in a cloth. 

A^j nadimafhe regretted, repented. 

iUljJ naddma, regret, repentance. 

>j»jj nadeem, boon-companion. 

zsinadahajhe called out to,cried out. 

liX) nadd, he called out, cried out* 

^i>li ndda, he proclaimed. 

^C4>y noodia (passive voice), it 
was cried out, or proclaimed. 

ibLU or fi]si or ^si nado, or nidd, 
or mundddt, a calling to, in* 

^<jlJLo monddi, public crier. 

S«Jo nadwa, club, place of meeting. 

^c«3j nadia, it was damp. [s*r^)nj 

^si nada, dampness, dew, mist, 
.•iii - .jJ nazr, pi. nozoor, vow. 
.jail or jSi nazara, or intazaraf 
he vowed. 

^ij nazeer, vowed or devoted to ; 

.jjl anzara, he warned, repri- 

.^jjl inzdr, a warning, reprimand ; 
a notice (to quit, Ac). 

Jy narinj, acid orange. C^;'^ 

J ndzza, it oozed. 

-^ nazaha, he cleaned out (a 
well or cesspool) ; dredged ; 
he lavished, wasted. 

tti ua*a'a, laft pulled, plucked 


( 283 ) 


aji naza\ a pull, deprivation; 
niza'a, purely, entirely. 


ixOuIl cji naza^ d-malahiya, depri- 
vation of right, expropriation. 

cjli ndza'a, he quarrelled; went 

to law. 
icj[Xc or chi nizda^, or mundza'a, 

quarrel, litigation. 
cji\ anza^a, he evicted. 

4ju^ c ;Uuu!l ci-oui^ el'bait el-mo- 
tandziafih, the house in dispute, 
which is the object of litigation. 

u-So or uJlJ naz/, or nazeefj loss 
of blood, bleeding from a wound, 

Jji nizUa, he descended, alighted, 

Jj nozol, store - house, commis- 
sariat store. 

J^jj nozooly descent, alighting. 

ihi nazla, halting-place; village; 

catarrh, influenza. 
JjJl an«aZa, he made descend ; 


jHJ nazzcda, he made descend, 
deducted, subtracted. 

Jj Jb tanzed, subtraction ; to be 

JjiJ tanazzala, he deigned, con- 

^ J^j[xitandzala'an,lie renounced, 
delivered up. 

JjUU tandzul, renunciation ; en- 
dorsing and transferring a bill. 

J jJuLm) istanzala^ he wished to 
renounce, or withdraw from a 
claim, deducted. 

J:lJLo - J^ manzil, pi. mandzil, 
place of alighting ; house, 
abode, stage, station. 

hb]jj or hb^ nozha, or nazdhoj 
pleasure, recreation, purity. 

s^'ju or s^l intazaha, or tanazzaha, 
he took the air, strolled. 

lit/juU muntazaha, promenade, park. 

LJI . <w^.j>fc> nasab, pi. ansdb^ 
lineage, descent from a common 
male ancestor. 


^.^OioiJ naaeeb, a relative, relation, 
cognate ; son-in-law, father-in- 

iuuJ nisbay proportion, relation to ; 
' logarithm. 

^ JuuJilU bin-nisba laho, with regard 
to him. 

juj nisbiyy proportionate, pro- 

<w^ m..i nasaba, he attributed^ 

3ji\ L^^m) to md nosiba Ueih (pas- 
sive), that which was laid to 
his charge. 

^mJU mansoob, attributed, im- 
puted ; attribute. 

nassaba, he applied, adapted, 
jumJJ tanseebj adaptation, appli- 
cation, [jy^^ 

jj] intasaba, he attributed to 
himself, claimed. 

lAwIil intisabj a claim to nation- 
ality ot T^%.^Q^'i^c^:^^^i»^^"«iK^<5L^\.- 



( 284 ) 


v_,-^A Vs or ^^^w*<U ndsaha, or tand' 
5a&a, it was proportionate, fit, 

w^am#Uj tandsub, arithmetical pro- 
portion, grace resulting from 
duo proportions. 


iu*L)U mundsaha, proportion, fit- 
ness, aptitude. 

^***S na^aja, he wove. 

ijL^^ytt^Lo mansoojdt, things woven, 
stufis ; tissues of the body 
(anatomy) . 

^«jJL« maiisaj, loom, embroidery- 

^mJ nasalcha, he copied out ; he 
abrogated, effaced. 

^s*J -iae***^ nushha, pi. nusalih, copy. 

-;.l***S nassdkh, copying clerk. 

nashhiy, ordinary current 
hand, usual style of calligraphy; 
nuaalxhhjy quack druggist. 

vmJuLjI istansakha, he asked for a 
copy to be made, ordered or 
took a copy. 

i^**'lJLo or ^Ub tandsul'h, or fnund- 

salcha, succession or uninter- 
rupted inheritance to an entire 

* M 

ji^xi or ^jS tandsukh, or tanas- 

/JwM, transmigration of souls,me- 
tempsychosis, metamorphosis. 

.yyj -^A*jJ nasr, pi. iiosoor, eagle. 
jyfJi ndsoor, fistula, wart, corn. 
^-amJ nasq, order, arrangement. 

£mo . ^Jmj nasaqa, or nassaqa, he 
set in order. 

^jj^mJU tanseeq, ordinance, arrange- 

CXmj nii^A:, rite, devotion. 

ViLLmUU . vii^jy^U mansah, pi. mana- 
51 fc, rite, ceremony. 

J'w-J! - jJmJ n(w/, pi. ansdl, pro- 
geny, generation, posterity. 

J^UJ or (J«mj nasala, or tandsala, 

he begot. [jJ^ 

liLJ nosdla, fluff, loose threads 
or fibres. 

>juwj naseem, breeze, zephyr. 



>«i sliamm en - nase^m, 
Sniff the breeze,^' the great 
spring holiday in Egypt, which 
is held on the Greek Easter 

^^jJX*tj nisndsy ape. [jyf 

j^mJ nasi a, he forgot. 

^U**J nisydn, a forgetting, forget- 

j^amXc man 81 1/, forgotten. 

^^**J ?ia«/, the 5 or 6 days inter- 
calated at the end of the Coptic 
year, in September. 

iymiS or ^l^i - *Imij nisd, or nis- 
wdn, or niswa, women ; the 
plural of mara. [s];^! - irJl 

/ • < 

^J^ Nasdiy, Abdur- Rahman En- 
Nasdiy, a great Moslem jurist, 
died A.D. 900. 

ijZi nashsha, he drove away flies ; 
he absorbed. 

JLUU minashsha, fly-flip, fly-whisk. 


( 285 ) 


iui'JL! br UJ nashd (for Persian 
nishasta), starch. 

^ nashsha, he starched (linen). 
JJ^ nasho, growth. 
»\jLi nashdty growth, result. 

> J!,'J wds/u', growing, resulting 


lU nashd, he grew up, it sprang 
or resulted from. 

1^1 or f-^j^^ anshd, he created, 
caused to grow or result; he 
built; composed (writing). 

lijl inshd, creation ; building ; 
model of style, delectus or 
book of exercises. 

> AjU nmnshL tutor, teacher of a 

L^tJlo manshiya (Coptic), place, 
village ; a public square. 

.jlAj nnshddir, sal ammoniac. 

dJ^\ or jJLi nashada, or anshada, 
he recited prayers, or verses. 

tN-x^Ul or j\^^l 43J^ nasheed el- 
anshddf or nasheed el-andsheed, 
the Song of Songs (of Solomon). 

^J - jJtJl« munahid, a reciter of 
prayers, or the zikr. 

JUj nashr, publication, diflfusion. 

JLi nashara, he spread out, aired, 
published ; sawed wood. 

j^\ intashara, it became spread, 
dilated, diffused, or dissemi- 

ii.l^ noshdra, saw-dust. 

jy^ noshooTj the resurrection. 

.wJU minshdr, carpenter^s saw. 

.y!JL« manshoor, published ; espe- 
cially an oflBcial circular from 
a Ministry of State to a minor 
department ; regulation ; di- 
ploma ; prism. 

S^lj ndshiza, a rebellious wife. 

yjj nashdt, liveliness, alertness, 

Litli or ^jJitj nasheet, or ndshit, 
loose and free of limb, energetic, 
alert, gay. 

u-flA) nashifa, it absorbed water, 
became dry. 

i_Q^^ nashshafa, he dried, made 

iiUJ nashdfa, dryness. 

iui»lj ndshif, dry. 

iUJ nashshdfy a dryer ; blotting- 

iiJLx^ minshafa, towel. 

gnj* nashiqa, he sniffed at. 

jptJuu*! istanshaqay he inhaled, 

jjyjj nasliooq, snuff (tobacco). 

JJLi nashaia, he pilfered. [yo 

JlJJ nashshdl, pickpocket; an 
" Artful Dodger.'' 

^jL^Ljj - ^liJ nishdn (Persian), 
pi. naydsheen, aim, mark, butt; 
target ; badge, medal, decora- 
tion ; nishdn dl (Turkish) , 
present ! take aim ! 

jaE^LtJ nishdnji (Turkish), marks- 
man, sharpshooter. 



( 286 ) 


^j^ nashshana, he took aim at a 

^'ytJ nashawdn (Persian), intoxi- 
cated. [J^/^ 

^joi nassa, he defined, pointed 
out, designated. 

(jcyci - ^j£^ nass, pi. nosoos, an 
exact quotation, the exact text 
(e.g. of an article of a Code). 

^ylfli) ^joi nass el-qdnooiiy authority 
of law. 

^^ ij^ ^^^* sareeh, a categorical 
or explicit statement, a dis- 
tinct order on a definite point 
of law, Ac. 

^jcyAX^ mansooSy the sense con- 
veyed by the nass or text of 
an article of law. 

u^loil • V>y^vi) nasby pi. ansab, a 
setting up, a mark set up, sign, 
statue, idol ; calamity ; vegeta- 
tion which grows ; nasab, 
fatigue; nisb, share. 

iuuai nasba, fat-ha or '' a '^ vowel- 
sound; cooking-niche. 

j nasb, fraud, embezzlement. 



L-^l^ nassdb, swindler, rogue. 

na^saba, he set upright, 
erected, swindled, planted. 

j nnsb, idol, statue. 

naseeb, portion, share ; 
fate ; hence lottery or chance. 

<w^ouflJU ydnseebj lottery. 

^.^ •» ,i nassaba, he appointed, 

>ll« . CyA^'u mans&h, pU 
mandsib, office, post, rank. 

^^ nasaha, he gave advice. 

JLai . J(:^UaS naseeha^ pi. nasdyih 

-^ nasr, help, victory, from Orod. 

M 9 M . 

^ ^ ^1 ^^J^ nasrun min 

Ullah wafat'hun qareebun, Help 
from God and a speedy victory I 

j^ nasaray (God) gave the vic- 
tory, helped. 

jXci or jio\J ndsivy or naseer, 

helper, auxiliary. 

^oLfll - L^j^ nasrdniy, pi. nasdra. 

Christian, Nazarene. 

ijj\j^ nasrdniyay Christianity, 

hjJ^ Nosairiya, a pagan sect in 

yejj\ intasara, he won, gained the 

.Lfljbl intisdr^ victory. 

jtcis^ muntasir, victorious. 

.^^oJLo mansoovj rendered victorious 
(by God). 

AjJl^J . ijyaLii] El'Mansoora, the 

victorious (city), site of the 
Moslem victory over the Cru- 
saders in the 13th century ; 
now the capital of the province 

yj[x€ ^ ycix^ mansar, pi. mandstr, 

clique or gang of thieves or 
rowdies. [Suloc 

^^JL^ tanseer, baptism, making (a 
child) a Christian or Nazarene. 

( 287 ) 


JLaJl - cju^ nusf (vulg. pro- 
nounced niiss), pi. ansdf, half. 

iu^\ ansafaj he bisected^ was 

Jl^l msaf, equity, impartiality. 

c,ft.^< munsif, just, honest. 

iio^tXe mundsafay a going halves, 
sharing equally, 

t— ft^Vu muntasif, in the course 
of, about half-way. 

JjlUI t„o.<QAJL< ^ ^ muntasif eU 
lail, about midnight. 

J^ nafd, that which is detach- 
able, fits in or takes out ; head 
of arrow, haft of a knife. 

^ JJail ianassala min, he got out 
of, escaped from an embarrass- 
ment, detached himself from. 

k) nattaj he jumped, leaped. 

Li natt, a jump, a jumping. 

y^ nattdt, a jumper, light of heel, 

^i nataJia, it butted with its 

is^ nat-ha, a butt with the horns. 

^•lai natron y natron, nitre. 

^ nata', leather tray for meals 
or work. 

ii^ nutfa, semen. 

2^ notq, articulation of speech; 
the pronunciation of a word. 

sLS nataqa, he articulated speech, 

sLlj ndtiq, articulate, man as an 

articulating animal, with power 
of speech. 

jf Va u .wl iatantaqay he elicited 
speech, interrogated a prisoner; 
(vulgarism) he vomited. 

- ^jUaJuu*! iatintdq, interro- 
gatory of a prisoner, inquest, 
'^ instruction ; '^ istintdq is used 
in Turkey, and ^aAg^eegr in Egypt. 

^2j.Arsn3l ij^'i or ^jLjuLm^ mustantiq 

(legal term used in Turkey^ 
for qddi et-iahqeeq in Egypt) 
"juge d^ instruction/^ inquisitor. 

^jlLJ nitdq, girdle. 

AftklU or JfkJU mintaq, or mintaqa, 

-p^^jJ! ^LjU mintaq el-borooj, the 

skLcmaw^tgr^logic, the spoken word. 

x^\j JflaJLo mantiq-ndma (Persian 
ndma, document), a legal term 
for a confession, especially a 
victim's dying confession. 

jf^kLe mantooq, uttered; signi- 
fication of a word. 

Jilai natala, he wetted. 

J3lk> nattdla, an instrument for 
wetting or irrigating the fields, 
a bag made of rushes used as a 
bucket, and swung by two men. 

.Hail -^/laJ nazar, pi. anzdr, a look, 
glance; a look of favour, hence 
a gift, kindness. 

hi nazardn, with regard to. 

JaJ naza/ra, he saw. 



( 288 ) 

•IsJuLmI ot Joljj] intazara, or istan- 
zara, ho expected, looked for, 
waited for. 

CLjl-jylai nazariydt, views ; theory. 

^jJaJ nazeer, like to, regarding; 
nadir (astronomy). 

.jlai ^J^*^ bidoon nazeer j sanspa- 
reil, matchless. 

•Ua! - ^U ndzxTy pi. nozzar, he 
who sees ; inspector ; Minister 
of State. 

.UaxJI iT*!^ majlis en-nozzdr, 
Council of Ministers, the Cabinet. 

5.llaJ nazdra, Ministry of State ; 
office of inspector. 

S.Ual nadddra, spectacles ; telescope. 

AaJu manzar, point of view, view, 

.•laJLo manzoor, seen, provided for; 

foreseen ; a schedule of Returns. 
y_Jo^ naddafa, he cleaned. 

ii'^ naddfa, cleanliness, cleanness. 

i_o^^* nadeeff clean. 

JaJ nazm, order, arrangement; 

^UaS nizdm, rule, organization ; 

regular army. 

Afi\ ^liaill en-nlzdm eUa^dm, public 
order or security. 

V^'Aai nizdmiy, organized, regular. 

XXoUai A«*x ^asdkir nizdmiya^ 

regular troops. 
^'J ndzim, ruler, organizer. 

^Jsj 7iazzama, be arranged, put in 
^ order. 

^.>kAij3 . ^)ojo tanzeem, pi. tan" 
zeemdt, regulation, organiza- 
tion ; rules ; vestry of a town. 

JaiJi fnfaza/zia, it was in good order. 

JoiJU mt^nf a2;a7ri,regular,organized. 

A Ja)i« manzoom, arranged ; rhymed, 

c:^ na't, description, explanation, 

^>f6 - Is^ n a 'ja, pi . ni' dj,ewe, sh eep, 

i.ycM na'oora, water-mill ; water- 

l^UJ no'ds, sleepiness. 

^Lxio na'sdn, sleepy. 

,J2jo na'sh, bier, coffin ; the Great 
Bear (stars). 


^jSjJ CL^lib 6a?m^ na'sh, the Great 
and Little Bear (stars). 

J'^ - (Jjo na7, pi. n'idi (femin.), 
horse-shoe, coarse sandal ; sole 
of foot. 

^ na'^n, yes; (as an interroga- 
tive) please repeat, I did not 

J^t _ ^ na'm, pi. ana^tim, gift, gift 
from God, cattle, flocks, herds. 

^ - i^ nVama, pL niy'am, 
favour, bounty. 

^poll /y^ wall en'7ih/am, Lord of 

Bounties ; the King, Khedive. 

a^l an^ama, he made happy, 
bestowed favour. 

^^mX^ mona'im, benefactor. 

^x>S taua'a^na, he was in luxury. 


( 289 ) 


^U nd'yim, soft^ tender^ smooth^ 
even; weak; powdery. 

j^ na'yeem, bliss, blissful; Para- 
dise of bliss. 

|,U; na'd7n, ostrich. 

^Jjtjo no'mdn, anemone. 

aliiJ na'nda*, herb mint. 

^^akj naghs, annoyance, trouble. 

Jo na^Aama, he hummed, sang. [J^ 

Suii naghma, tune, chant, song. 



si naffa, he blew his nose. 
4x11 C^naJ nafs ed'dam, a spitting 

of blood. 

J6 nafaha^ he diffused; (the wind) 

Jo iiafakha, he blew out, inflated. 

^aUI intafakhay it swelled. 

^liiJl intifdkh, a swelling out. 

^UjU minfakh, bellows. 

iJLi or 4\Ai nafada, it disappeared, 
was consumed; he escaped, 
saved himself. 

ii^ or jij nafaZy or nofooz, in- 
fluence, penetration, effective- 
ness ; authority. 

ikii nafaza, it penetrated, was 


ikftj or *ki>l anfaza, or naffaza, he 

made penetrate, carried into 

jjjuS tanfeez, execution of an 
order or law. 

iuioAjJ ^1^1 awdmir tanfeeziya^ 
executive orders. 

• aw 


jiJb tanaffaza, it was carried out, 
put into execution. 

iili no/Ja;, influential ; (a law) in 
force; a penetrating (wound). 

ikaJU manfazy place of penetration 
or effect ; passage ; electrical 

jiJU monaffazy put into execution, 
carried out. 

.UJl - ^ nafatj pi. amfdr, in- 
dividual, a person ; private 

sj nafara^ he was shy, afraid, 
hated, kept aloof. 

j^ or .UJ or 'ijso nafr a, or nifdr, 
or nofoovy a shunning, aversion, 

^^^^1 or i^yo - \^j^ nafs, pi. 
nqfoos, or anfos^ soul, self ; in- 
dividuality; person; appetite. 

JUM.ftS nafsoh, he himself. 

wii nafsdn, personally. [ulj 

^Miij ^UJJ ^^ min tilqd nafsihi, by 
his own right, spontaneously, 

jUuio Jj£ qaiala nafsaho^ he killed 

\mM (JjS qatala nafsdn, he killed . 
a man. 

,M^»iJdl jliXiJ ta'ddd en-nofoos, cen- 
sus, a counting of souls. 

,j*»liil - ^^/-A> nafaSy pi. anfds, 
breath, respiration ; style, man- 
ner, taste. 

iiiJJI - .tt^Mj nafees (<iO\jQL\»jt^!iivksi^ 


( 290 ) 


\s6 nifas^ child-bed, parturition. 
^y^liill J*-***- homma e^i-nifas, puer- 


peral fever. 

wflj iiafsd, or nafasa, a woman in 

^LiAj nafsdniy, sensual, selfish. 

XjoLmaj nafsdniya, spite, ill-will ; 
selfish motive. 

^^^U ndfasa, he quarrelled, was 

LwjULo mondfasa, quarrel, rivalry. 

^^jMj tanaffasa, he drew or took 
breath ; he cried out. 

^j«JUU - i/'«'ii« minfaSf pi. maiidjis, 


fj£A) or ^ai naffada, he shook 
out, dusted (carpets, &c.). 

^^efijj] intafada, he shook himself. 

i^^kLo 7tianfada, ash-tray. 

laii naft, naphtha. 

•i) nafaa, it was useful, of ad- 

«iju> yanfa\ it is of use, serviceable. 

•il) ndjia'j useful, beneficial. 

•aXJ! intafa'a, he profited by, took 
advantage of. 

cliiil intifda', profit, advantage. 

clftiiSl ^d- Aag'^' el'intifd'a, usu- 
fruct, right of use. 

«ilJL« . hiiXc manfa'a, pi. mandfia\ 
advantage, benefit, profit. 

iftiU^ or ^j'wii nifdq, or ma?ia/aga, 

^J^ll^ mondjiq, ijpocrite. 

Iaaj nafaqa^ alimony, maintenance 
of a wife. 

jfi) nafaqa, (the beast) perished. 

Jlftjl - JaJ ?i,a/?, pi. anfdlf super- 
fluity, supererogation ; booty, 
spoil ; trefoil, clover. 

JiU ndfil, unnecessary, superfluous, 
of no avail. 

Jiub tanaffala, he did a work of 

^^ or Mo nafa, he drove off*, re- 
pulsed, exiled, denied, repelled 
an accusation. 

^Jii 7iafi, negation, denial. 

_flill St)l^ shahddat en-nafi, evi- 
dence for the defence, rebutting 

^^ nafa, or naji, exilement. 
^Jjlo or ^^ nafiy, or manfiy, an 

exiled man. 
^^iLc man/a, place of exile. 

^vU> - ^^U na/a, he disproved, 
contradicted; y(mdji,he disproves. 

'iil . C«^^ na^fr, pi. anqdb, a 
hole pierced. 

i naqaba, he bored a hole. 

manzll, he made a hole in the 
wall of a house (legal term for 
a species of burglary). 


^^ ^^> naqqaba 'a7i, he examined 
carefully, pierced or penetrated 
a difficulty. 

• •♦ 

( 291 ) 



^,^j.flj naqeehf chief, leader. 

Jo naqqaha, he revised, elaborated 
a book ; reformed. 

^j^ tanqeehy revision (of a book, 
code, &c.) ; reform. 

iXAJ naqaday he paid cash, tried 
good money. 

4)^ - i^flj naqd, pi. noqood, cash, 
good coin. 

Jyo ^^j**J^ kees noqood^ purse of 

\^naqddn,\n cash,forreadymoney . 
^*XAJ naqdiyay cash, money. 

4>Ia3 niqdd, a quarrel, breaking off, 

JkSijI intaqada, he tried, saw. 

»>'JIjL« minqddj beak. 

iJU nagz, safety, rescue. 

JaJI anqaza, he rescued, saved. 

^ naqara, he drummed; hol- 
lowed out, pecked at. 

S^* or ^ nagr, or noqra, a hollow, 

^U ndqara, he quarrelled. 

.Uj niqdr, a quarrel. 

?^Ia! ?iag'jara (pronounced naggdra), 
drum, large drum for cavalry, 
or on camels. 

^ naqar (pronounced nuggurjy a 
boat hollowed out ; name for a 
Nile boat above the Cataracts. 

.'JUU minqdr, chisel, beak, pick-axe. 
\^^ niqris, gout. L^^l ^li) 

(^y^ ndqoos, clapper, gong. 


yj^ naqasha, he painted, de- 
lineated, cut a seal, engraved, 

^jJiJlj ndqasha, he disputed, liti- 
gated, argued a case in court. 

^^yu - [j^ naqsh, pi. noqoosh, 

design, engraving. 


(^Uj naqqdsh, engraver, sculptor, 

iiiUU mondqasha, the arguing of 
a law-suit by both sides in 
court, debats, [ioL« 

^joSj naqasa, it became less, it 
lessened, was deficient. 

tj r\ g > naqqasa, he made less, 

{jcSM ndqasa, he called for tenders 
in order to obtain lowest prices. 

^LaSJ noqsdn, deficiency, deficit, 
shortcoming. {jsr 

(jfa\ji ndqis, deficient, imperfect, 

^j^S^ - ^L^jkAJ naqeesa, pi. naqdyis, 
defect; a large sack. 

^jo^ajS tanqeeSf reduction, deduc- 
tion, subtraction. 

i^Ulo mondqasa, a call for lowest 

^^fcSo naqada, he pulled to pieces, 
demolished, refuted a judgment 
of a lower court. 

fjM naqd, demolition, refutation. 

^1^1 J ^^^flSJ naqd wa ibrdm, Cassa- 
tion, the final Court of Appeal. 

^^'Jb or ^^U 7idqada, or tand- 



( 292 ) 


^^Ifljl - f/flSS noqd, pi. anqdd^ 

beam, rafter. 
La» - iWo noqia, pi. noqat, point, 

vowel-point ; spot; watchman's 

beat or station ; drop. 

Isyii noqoot, presents, eirennes. 

^JuL*l or mA) naqa^a, or iatanqa'a, 
it became stagnant. 

•Sil an groa', stagnant water; hollows 
where water collects. 

^juamw« miistanqa^j tank, pond, 

Jij naqala, he conveyed, trans- 
ported, narrated. 

J^AJ - JJU iiaj/, pi. noqool, trans- 
port, narrative; tradition, trans- 
fer ; noql, dried fruit. 

^\1SJ naqliy, traditional; noqaliy, 
seller of dried fruit. 

JujLAi naqliya, freight, means or 
cost of transport. 

(JajuI intaqala, he moved himself, 
went to another place ; it came 
down by tradition or inheri- 
tance; he died, went to heaven. 

J^aJU manqool, moved, narrated. 

cl;)^.aJLo manqooldt, moveables, 
personal property. 

ijJ3 ^ 2^aJU manqoola wa sdbita, 
personal and real (property). 

Jbj3] or Jij naqama or (more com- 
monly) intaqama, he revenged 
or avenged himself. 

^UiSl intiqdmj vengeance, revenge. 

JUaj naqmaj vengeancej revenge, 

ijUi or y6 or ViAJ naqd, or naqoo, 
or naqdwa, purity ; quint- 
essence, pith, marrow, kernel. 

^'oSJl - ^J6 naqiyf pi. aiiqiyd, pure, 

pious, choice. 


^JjS tanaqqa, he pruned^ sorted, 
picked out. 

C^ . h>Cj nakba, misfortune : 
nakab, deviation. 

(w^vAJU - Cy^i>< manhib, pi. tTumo- 
A?i6, shoulder. 

£iCi 7iukta, wit, epigram, criticism; 
a witty fellow. 

^' nalcaha, he married ; con- 
^Bummated marriage. 

ia^] - —KJ nikdh, pi. OTiHAa^ 

^1^1 jlc ^aqada en-nikdh (the 
priest) tied the marriage knot, 
solemnized the marriage. 

i^^Xc mankooha, married woman. 

XJ nahira, he was ignorant of. 
^1 ankara, he denied. [iXar^ 

.KjI inkdr, denial. 

SM or ^^iju mwnKr, or ndhir, he 
who denies. 

^ nokr, cunningness. 

jjjui tmiakkara, he denied. 

^i#*C) naka^a, he upset, turned up- 
side down ; he broke his word, 

^j^Sj nuks, relapse, upset. 
j^ylU mankoos, upset, relapsed.' 
^^^flij nakasa, he turned aside^ 


( 293 ) 


an nakfa, tonsils ; the mamps. 
J^ nakcda, he recoiled, drew back. 

J^' nofcooZ, withdrawal, retirement. 

i^ nak-ha, breath, odour of the 

LKl nikdyay malice, injury done 
to spite another. 


li namma, he spoke ill of, was 
a backbiter. 

i4Jui nameema, a bit of slander, 
evil gossip. 

y^ nimr, leopard, panther. 

yAj . ijAJ nimra, pi. nimar 
(European), numero. No. 

j^ nammara, he put numbers to, 

^4jU monammar, numbered. 

^i»tj^ nims, ichneumon. 

iuSUll - Lib^J Nemsd, Austria; Ala- 
many a, Germany. 

r^jUJ nemadwiy^ Austrian. 

\^yo\i ndmoos, mosquitoes. 

iuM*«^U ndmoosiya, mosquito-net. 

iT'y*^ ndmoos (Greek nomoSy used 
in Turkish), honour, reputation. 

i>«j nammaqcif he wrote, copied out. 

jfjMJb tam.meeq^, a writing down, 

JUJ - (JaJ naml, pi. nimdl, ant. 

JUj namnama, he muttered. 

-p^tSyiJl or ^iy^ namoozaj, or on- 

moozaj (Persian), sample, model, 
specimen. [iSlj^ 

^iJb - ^^aJ nama, it grew ; yanmf, 
it grows. 


\a3 namdj growth. 

S^ nahaba, he plundered, pil- 
laged. [^^lu» 

C^*^ nahh, pillage, act of pillage. 

CL^Li^fLo manhoobdt, things pillaged, 

^ nahj, road, track. 

^IfU or ^fU manhaj, road, track, 

course marked out. 

fc>^ . J^ nahdf pi. nohood, rounded 
breast, a maiden's swelling 

43b^JLJ tanahhada, he sighed, his 
bosom heaved. 

SjJtU naAiWa, a maiden with sweU- 
ing breasts. 

i)l|i nuhdd, about, nearly. 

j^] - j^ nahr, pL anhor, river, 
stream. LtfT 

.l|* nahdr, daytime. 

LfJ • ]j^ nahdrdn wa laildn, by 
day and by night. 

j[fj!\ ho\j ^J Ji rdbi'at en-nahdr 
(colloquial), in broad open day. 

.Iful intihdr, reprimand, repudia- 
j^ nahaza, it was near. 

L^l Jfiil intahaza el-forsa, he 

seized, or availed himself of^ 
the opportunity. 

^jo^ nahada, he arose, stood up. 

ijo^ nohoodj a rising, getting up, 

jf^ naha^a, (the ass) brayed. 


( 29-4 ) 


CJl^Iil or viJl^i naliaka, or intahahi, 
he injured, violated. 

^fu . ^ naha, he forbad; yanhaj 

he forbids. 
^^ nft/ii, prohibition. 
^fLil or -j^ 7iohia, or inialia, he 

arrived at, it came to an end. 

^^1 anha, he informed, hinted, 

IfUl - LI4J - ^ nahwy or nihdya, 
or tntiha, the end. 

^^fiJLo or rjlfiil or JV*^ nihdiy, or 
intihdiyy or muntahi, final. 

^i nai«^, rain, storm; hot south wind. 
Ly Nooha, Nubia. 

^y - e-jy Noh or ^006, Nubians ; 
Noohiy, Nubian. 

c-jy - Ly iwba, pi. nowab, turn, 
alternation ; a time, once, &c. ; 
attack, fit, ^^ acces/' 

h^noba (military term), bugle-call. 

t/^^ noohetji (Turkish), sentry, 

^ e-jU ndba 'an, he, it was in- 
stead of. Cc^y^ 

c-j^Jb or e-jjU ndwaba, or ^awa- 
tvaba, he took his turn. 

L^Ltcmo?iaM;a6a,alternation, in turns 
iUj niydba, substitution, proxy. 

AAC iUjJU bin-niydba a'nho, instead 
of him. 

iu^yAC iAjo 7iiydba o'raoomiya, Par- 
^uctj miniaibre 'public \ office of 
the Attorney 'GenQVdX or Public 


■->ly - C^^5U ndyib, pi. nowwdh, 
substitute ; a member of the 
Parquet ; a judge auppleant or 
vice-judge ; '^ nataab," 

<w^J ndyib o'inoomty, 

^ly naudyib, vicissitudes. 

iuJy - ^y 9iJ^&, pi. notiya (Latin 

nauta)y sailor. 
-.y Noohy the ^' prophet '' Noah. 

jl».ljj or A>y noha, or niydha, a 
lament, groan* 

u.y nJ/r% (see nahhlcha), 

j\y\ - .y noor, pi. anwdr, a light. 

j^nawwara,he lighted, inforpied. 

jyu tanwcer, a lighting up, illu- 
mination, enlightenment. 

.^JLI tanawwara, he was en- 
lightened, informed; it was 
lighted up. 

.iyU manwdvy skylight, hole in wall. 

J^Ij^ - ljl< mandra, pi. mandyir, 
minaret. [^jl 

8^y noora, a depilatory of arsenic 

and quicklime, &c. 
^J^-.U nar, pi. neeran(fem.),fire. 

-p-^y noraj, threshing- si edge. 
" j'JoL* jj^ or j^y nawroz, op 
neerdz Sultdniy (Persian), New 
Year ; vernal equinox ; in 
Persia, New Year's Day (March 
21st) ; in Egypt, the autumnal 
equinox (Sept. 10th). 

ityjU - f^yi (iwsh), nvondwasha^ 
battle, quarrel. 

^oy uot, ^viaipension, dependency. 


( 295 ) 


Lyb - Lis ndta, he hung up; yanooty 
he hangs up. 

lajo ncefa (passive), it was hung 
up, depended, was attached. 

i«i3de^lj ^Uji yondt'oh bil-hhirhna, 
he is bound to serve, his service 
is obligatory. 

kyU) manoot, hung up, dependent, 

clyl - cy no'w, pi. anwda'j species, 

sex, manner, style. 

C^^-aJLII cyo hi-nmv' en-nasb, by 

eyl« 7?iw<anaM?ma^,of various kinds. 

t«Jy nof, summit, prominence. 

i--ftjj Hcti/, surplus; plus, more than. 

ijUS niydfa, eminence, title of a 

U ndfa, it surpassed, was pro- 

JJb or i_oj^lj» yaneef, or yanoof, 
it is prominent, surpasses, ex- 
ceeds in amount. 

jiAiy nof ember (European), No- 

ijf'J - ^Jy ndoq, pi. of ndqa, she- 

Jtyl . Jy 7w/, pi. anwdl, gift, 
fashion, weaver^s loom. 

^y^ noloon, freight, ?io//«. 

AU or J'j 7idZa, or ndwala, he 

JjUj tandwala, he took (a gift), 
received, ate. 



JjuLo minyal (Coptic), Island of 

aLO or ^y iiom, or niydm, sleep. 

Jm - JJ ndmay he slept ; yanam^ 

he sleeps. 

JU ndyim, asleep, sleeping. 

j^ or A^ nawwama (vulgarly 

nayyama) , he put to sleep, 
made lie down. 

^^Ijb tandwama, he pretended to 
be asleep. 

Jji^ mandniy dream. 
Lolju mandma, tomb. 

Myji\^]aboo n-iionif-poppy. [,^'.a***^ 
^^y noon, the letter ?i. 

-J — — - ^j.y nawwana, he 
marked or pronounced the 
final n [namely, on, an, in 
or nominative, accusative and 
oblique case endings of nouns 
and adjectives]. 

^Ju tanween, marking the final n. 
sTj 7iawwaha,he called, mentioned, 
s JU inonawwah, stated, mentioned. 
^^ nawa, he intended, proposed. 
jrJj yinm, he intends. 

CLjuj -<uJ ?M*2/2/a,pl.7iiy2/a^,intention, 

^cjU 7iam, he who intends, in- 

^^J - ill J nawdt, pi. nawa, date- 

^J nee, or nay, raw (meat) ; un- 
baked (brick). 

<w^ ?iai6, being old, long in 

( 296 ) 

Ci^okj or cjU ndb. or neeb. canine 

• ■• • ' ' 

toothy &ng. 

Jjyy - UyjJ neeroz (see nawroz). 

^LjjJ Neesdn, Syrian month of 

i_Jy . uJj>> nat/ (see nJf). 

CJLaj natA;, copulation. [f*W" 

Jy - JJU .. Jjj naii, success^ at- 
tainment ; ndyil, gift ; be who 
attains. [cf. ml 

Hjo or Jjj neel, or neela, indigo, 
indigo dye. 

Jjill j^^ or Jjull En-Neel, or 6aAr 

en-Neel ; the Nile, the sea, or 
Great River Nile. 

(JjJJI v^ftJl^ saif en-neel, summer 
of Nile ; summer canal or 

H (a light aspirate). 

» - jb He. Value = 5. 

U - « 'ho, or -oh, him, his ; -hd, 
her, hers. 

UftU or >U Aa, or hd-hond, here ! 
take ! 

J^'^ ^ J^^ Sdbeel wa Qdbeel, 
Abel and Cain. 

CL^U Att^, bring ! give ! hand 
over ! \s:-^ 

j^\ib Hdtoor, Coptic month of 

JUuZyJI ^jj^ Hdroon er-Raslieed, 
Haroun ai-Iiaschid^ Aaron the 

Orthodox, the Great ^Abb4si 
Caliph of Baghdad, a.d. 800. 

icIU hdla, halo, areola. 

ju'jb hdma, summit, crown of head. 

fi\j>' . JU hdnum (for Turkish 

khdnum), lady, princess. Sul- 

A*^\ siJb hdnum efetidim, my lady ! 

^^U hdwan [hdoori), mortar (for 
pounding) . 

L^U hdwiya, hell, abyss. li^^ 
habba, the wind blew. 

^yfX hoboob, blast of wind. 

^Lut habdb, soot, smuts, smokiness. 

<w^oUb habbaba, he tore, ill-treated, 

OJUb or 43uub habbada (for Aoftba^a), 
he flung down. 

^^ habara, he seized upon, tore 
to pieces. 

^JSjJb habasha, he scratched up 
into a heap. 

lajJb habata, it sank (in price, &c.) • 
Is^ hoboot, fall, decrease. 
ii^U %a&i7, falling, decreasing. 
Jjkf« . JjJb (habala) ytnahbil, vagina. 
Jjjbl ahbal, stupid, idiot. 

Jjjkfl tahbeel, vajft)ur-bath, fomen- 

. hib hiba, gift (see wahaba), 

halt a, he slandered,frightened. 
if0>M or ib hatara, or hatrasa, 


( 297 ) 


^\j ^£, v—ftife hatafa ^ala bdli, it 
occurred to my mind. 

ijjjjn hataka, he tore off a veil^ 

^yJl ViLUft hath eWirdf criminal 
assault, injury to (a woman's) 

Jut) . Jub hatam, toothlessness ; 
ahtam, toothless. 

^IjJb - ^Jj^ hdtain (femin.), these 
two ; (masc.) hdzain. 

^ hajara, he emigrated, aban- 

J^ac* hijra, flight of Mahomed 
from Mecca to Medina, a.d. 622. 

\r•^ iiij^ SJui Sana hijriya 1308, 
year of the Hijra 1308,a.d. 1891. 

J[fS^ hijrdn, desertion, abandon- 

Js^^ mohdjir, emigrant, refugee. 

jfsi^ mahjoor, absent, abroad, left 
the country. 

.lar* hijdr, foot-rope, tether. 
^Jx. ^s^ hajama *ala, he rushed 
upon, attacked. 

^^a:^Ao;oom, onset, attack; charge! 

^js^ - (jj^ hajeen, pi. hojon, 
(colloquial meaning) drome- 
dary, a camel for riding. 

iilx* - ^J^ hajjdn, pi. hajjdna, 
camel rider; troops mounted 
on camels, camel-corps. 

^ ^<^ "*^ AS haldm mustahjin, a 

silly, improper speech. 

^^hijd, satire ; spelling, syllable. 

*Lxi" ^^j^ horoof el'hijd, letters 
of the alphabet. 

^lae* tta^^uJ^J tarteeb hijdiy, alpha- 
betical order. 

x^ or ^jai* hajja, or tahajja, he 

Jtac*' ohjowwa, satire, lampoon. 

JjJ^ - i>JJb haddada,he threatened; 
tahdeed, threat. 

J*y% hodoo, repose, quiet. 

-^^jU hddi, gentle (wind) ; calm^ 

i^liXZbl . c-jJJb hodbj pi. ahddb, 
eyelash. ^sj^j 

jSJb hadvy impunity, especially 
impunity in bloodshed. 

i^iA» hadaf^ butt, target. 

uJlft haddafa, he aimed, threw at. 

JjJt hadila, it dangled. 

▲iXZb hadama, he demolished. 

^JA hadm, demolition. [cf. f^^ 

^j^jJJb hodoon, rest, repose. 

ibIiXtb or £jJb hodna, or hoddna, 
truce, armistice. 

iXZbcSJb hudhud, a cooing bird ; lap- 

^Jjt hada, he guided, showed the 

LIja or ^^JJb Aoda, or hiddya, 
guidance (to salvation). 

liljjb . ^JJb hadiya, pi. haddyd, 
gift, sacrifice. 

^jjbl aA(£a, he offered a present. 


( 298 ) 


Imam, forerunner of the Mille- 
nium ; the Mahdi of Khartoum, 

fijtb - Xi3Jb • liJb hdzd, femin. 
hazihiy pi. howla, this. 

j6A ^jSJb hazar, nonsense; hazzara, 
he talked nonsense. 

^j^bijt hazaydn, nonsense, jabber; 

^1 ^jj^ - Jb hirr, cat ; a'ln eU 

hirr, cat's eye. [kJ 

^j^ haraba, he fled, escaped. 

-jj^yt horoob, flight. 

^Ujb or u-^1a hdrib, or harbdn, 
fugitive, runaway. 

b.U Jj farra hdribdn, he fled as a 
fugitive, escaped (from justice). 

e-j^it harraba, he put to flight ; he 
allowed to escape; he smuggled. 

lJ7^ liT* S^^.J^ tahreeb min e«- 
«yn, the allowing a prisoner 
to escape from prison, 

CJ^l ^^ S^j/f> tahreeb min eU 
guvinil', smuggling through the 
custom house ; contraband. 

\^^ hars, a crushing, smashing. 
ijij» harrasha, he incited, set on, 
a Jb haraba, he hastened, ran. 
3%^ harwala, a kicking up of dust. 
^ harim, very old, decrepit man. 
Jji>\ or Jjb - A;Jb haram, pi. htrdm, 

or ahrdm, pyramid, pyramids 
{?/ Ghizeb, 

/torec, f^ranaryj magazine. 

: Jt or Jjb hazza, or hazzaza, he 
made shake, agitated. 

jjfl or jiJtl ihtazza, or ^aAa2;;;a2a, it 
shook, quaked. 

S^ftfft or S^ hazza, or hazhaza, 

i?^ or Jj!b hozoo, or Aaisra, mockery. 

IJ^] istahzd, he ridiculed, 
j^ A asfzara, he joked, chafied. [^^ 
.j^it hizdr, a joking, " chaflT.*' 

,J^ hazl, satire, lampoon. 

Jjjfc-J]^Ao2aZ, feebleness; hazeel, 
feeble, slender. 

j^ hazzamia, he pressed, drove, 
put to flight. 

^^1 inhazama, he was routed. 

J^^] or ^.^ hazeema, ovinhizdm, 
rout, defeat. 

ifMib hu8, or hoos, hush I silence ! 

(^ hashsha, he brushed away 

(flies, &c.). [^^ySi 

^»MJt hashama, he wounded, slashed 

JotJb . ^H^Jt hashim, generous ; 

hishdmy generosity. 

^^ hadama, he digested ; hadm, 
digestion. [cf. ^^Jb 

iLk^U iiy qowwa hddima, digestive 

ci^l^j . c:,Aft» (haft), tahdfut, 
annoyance, attack. 

syub/ia/^i6*a, small mistake,slip. [Ldl^ 

tiijt haJcazd, thus. [Ij 

^^ "Kel, luWrco^'ft.^vQ particle at 


( 299 ) 


^isiS Jjb hel tatazakkar, do you 
remember ? 

JjJ'jbl - JIU hildl, pi. ahdleel, new 
moon, crescent. 

I-jJ]bb iim Sana hildliyay lunar 
(Moslem) year of 354i days. 

JlfUwl or Jlbbl ihldl, or istikldl, 
beginning of a lunar month ; 
new-born infant's first cry. 

Jl^LmI istohilla (passive), the new 
moon began. 

Jilt hallala, he praised God by 
saying the tahleeL 

£11 St JJt S . J>i4> tahleel, the phrase, 
" There is no god but God ; ^' 
Id ilaha ilia Alldh. 


JJut hallala (vulgar), he jeered at, 

Zy^ halhoola, rag, thin cloth. 

C^^Jiit holb, hair, bristle. 

U^Jiit ^oZZa&a (colloquial), he hopped 
on one leg. 

JyAjbl - Jilt (halj), ihleelij, ellipse. 

\^hb . (jJlit haJs, nonsense, balder- 
dash; hallds, braggart. 

L*t^ halwasa, hallucination. 
CJSa halaka, it perished. 
^h> haldk, ruin, destruction, loss. 
CJlftl ahlaka, he destroyed. 

CAif» mohlik, destructive, dan- 

ilOlf) tahlika, danger. 

^^JAfUMt istahlaha, he consumed, 
lessened a debt by a sinking 

CJ)lft<<l istihldk, consumption of 
produce ; sinking fund, '' amor' 

v^jbb halookj bean-blight ; tares. 

Jjb halomma, come now ! hullo ! 

lub . ^ . ^ hom, (femin.) honna, 

they, them, their; dual, homd, 
they or them two, their. 

^^jdft haJyoon, asparagus. 


j^ytJb - ^ hawm, pi. homoom, care, 


JutI ihtamma, he was anxious for, 
careful for. 

^L^uubl ihiimdm, anxiety, fore- 

^>«Jb - J^^Jt himma, pi. himam, en- 
deavour, intention. 

^1 ahamm, more important* 

iuuiJtl ahammiya, importance* 


^ mohimm, important, urgent. 

CL^ULf.^ mohimmdt, important 
things, military stores, muni- 

J^ mahdmm, serious, important 

llyb . (Ltbb hdmma, pi. hawdmm, 
reptile, insect. 

^y^Mb humdyoon (Persian), Im- 
perial, of the government. 

rj^.'-«J^ humdyooniy (from Persian), 
Imperial (as a law). 

J4A hamaza, he spurred, stung, 

ij4Jb hamza, the mark ^, placed 
over J or ^^ and over or under 


( 300 ) 


Jy^^ mahmooz, marked with a 
hamza ; spur. 

jU^^ mihmdz, spur, goad. 

jL^KJbl (J^^) {haml), ahmala, he 

J.4^ - JUjbl ihmdl, neglect ; moh- 
mil, negligent. 

^ - ^jfc honna (femin. of horn), 
they, them, their. 

^Uto hand, good healthy congratu- 

VjL2b hannd, he congratulated. 
Uj^ tahniya, congratulation. 
^^Jut hani, joyous, jovial, healthy. 

ULjjUb haneeydn, to your good 
health ! 

^Uf« mohannd, congratulated. 

UaU or ^Jib /iiiTia, or hd hund, here. 

Jb Uub /una /lo, here it is ! 

vI«U*Jub or ^U<t hondk, or hondlik, 

jJlft - iSoft AiW, India; honood, 


rcJJub hindiy, an Indian, Indian. 

ftXA^I ^/-^>S Qdisar el-Hind, Empress 
(or Emperor) of India. 

^biijjt hindibd, chicory, endive. 
Sf^jJl - imSJJbhandasa (from Persian 

enddza, ell), ell, measuring ; 
geometry, engineering. 

iM.jaf« mohandis, engineer. 
rc.Ujc« j^iVxf* mohandis mia^md- 
riy, architect. 

Lf^J L/^'^'V* mohandis riyddiy, 
eDgineer, land-snrvojor. 

*^feU* konat'ha, a moment; trifle. \ 

_ib . Jb /loa, he, it ; hia, she, it. 
&)4^ or Jyb Aooc2, or yahood, Jews. 

ii>1yb hawdda, condescension, in- 

4>^lf« mohdwid, moderate (price). 

(JjJill &)yt haxvvnd el-lail, sinking 
of night, just before dawn. 

^4>^ howdaj, camel - litter for 
women. [Xi^is^ 

ijjib hawra, danger, ruin. 

jy^ - ^yt hawwara, he injured, at- 
tacked; tahawwara,lie annoyed. 

^M^yb hawas, desire, passion of 
love ; madness. {.^^y^ 

^w^,y^ howais, dock for ships, 
canal-lock. [fj^^ 

JLl^Jb hosha, confusion, tumult. 

iSyb . Jyt /iJZ, terror ; hdla, cholera. 

J^l yl -4 600 I'hol, the sphinx. 

JiU hdyil, terrific; terror. 

Jyb hawwala, he terrified. 

J^ - (Jj^ maheel, terrible ; ma' 
hool, terror. 

^yb hdn, rest, peace, seriousness ; 

dlM^ - ^;U Aana, it was easy ; 
yahoon, it is easy. 

^yt hawwana, he made easy. 

iJyJb heena, facility, repose. 

^j^^lfl tahdwana, he took it easy, 

^yt! - ^^^ hayyin, or %atn, easy^ 
light ; ahwan, easier, lighter^ 

^\ib\ oKaua, \ift \»T^%.\»^d mth con- 


( 301 ) 


AiUI ihdna, ill-treatment^ insult^ 

j^^U or ^yS^ hawia, or hdwa, he 
loved, desired. 

fi]jSk] . (^yt haw a, pi. ahwd^ desire, 
passion, love. ^\J^^ 

^*^ ^yb ^Ic ^aZa Aat/;a nafsihi, 
at his own (sweet) will. 

j^ytl ahwa, dearer, more desired. 

ibytt . >1yb hawd, pi. ahwiya, air, 
atmosphere, weather ; tune. 

^Jlyt hawdiy, atmospheric. 

hy\ib hdvnya, hell, abyss. 

^ - ^ Aia, pi. honna, she, it ; 
they. [jib .yt 

C»»UuA . jlLjb haiya, pi. haiydt, 
form, shape, body ; astronomy. 

, »Jlar^' £1^ haiyat el-majlis, a 
council or court regarded as a 
single body. 

\ib hayyd, he prepared. 

iij^ tahyeea, preparation. 

VJ4* mohayyd, prepared. 

Llf« or ijLUb hatha, or mahdba, 
fear, awe ; modesty. 

^^^04« or v__,s|-T mahoob, or maheeh, 
feared, terrible. 

d^U . v^'j^ (Aatf or Aee^^ hdt, 
bring, hand over ! 

^Irsnj^ hayajdn, commotion, stir, 

^j^ . ^Ifc Aa/a, it was in com- 
motion ; yaheejy it is excited, 
^jjt hayyaja, he stirred up, excited. 
^J^^tahyeej, a stirring up, exciting. 

^lafUb 4j;yiar« majnoon hayajdniy, 
dangerous madman, raving mad. 

^iJjJt heesh, reeds, brushwood. 

JLoJJb haida, cholera. 

J^Lub .; yjl^^ haikal, pi. haydkil, 
temple, chancel, large edifice. 

Jjfi hiydm, passion, love. 

CL^lf->>fc haihdt (colloquial). Indeed! 
Is it so ? 

_I^ hayooli, atom, molecule, 
matter ; atomic. ^j^fi' 

W, OT or Oo. 
J Wdw. Value = 6. 

^ wa (often pronounced oo), and. 

«^ - blj wdyyd, with (a collo- 
quialism for maO. 

viJUl^ - it^WJj '^dyydi, with me ; 
wdyydk, with thee. 

^1^ TToZZa/it, By God I 

CAjU»- ^ t£;a haydtak. By thy life 
I swear ! 

^ y wa law, and even if ; although. 


SI • for S ^ wa Id, for wa illd, unless, 
or, or else. 

jclj wdiy, alas ! 

jj\y wdboor (European), '^ vapeur," 
" vapore ; '' steam • engine, 
steamer, train. 

CL^l».lj . ^I« wdh, pi. wdhdt, oasis. 

^T - i/j^'j wdkhri, late (collo- 
quial from oafcAtr). 

^^ wabbakha, he reprimanded, 
^jjy tawbeekh, a reprimand. 

.Ujl - ^^ wabar, pi. ati;6ar, hair 

of goats or of camels^ used for 
making tents^ &c. 

ji^\ Jjbl ahl al'Wabar, nomads, 
Bedouin Arabs, i.e. owners of 
camels and goats, or dwellers 
in tents made of hair. 

i^jy>^ wabooriy, coarse native cloth. 

J'jj wabdl, unhealthiness, danger. 

J^J^I . jJ^ watacl, pi. awtdd, tent- 
peg, stake; slip of plant, shoot. 

jSj watr, or mitr, an odd number, 
single, a prayer ; chord of arc. 

jljjl - J^ waiar, pi. awtdr, chord, 
arc, tendon. 

yS^ watrdn, one by one ; odd and 

jy tawdiur, constant repetition, 

C^^Ju . ^i^^ wathaba, he attacked, 
flew at; yathib, he attacks. 

jfSi . JfJj wathiqa, or wa-Ruqa^ he 
relied upon, was firm ; yathiq, 
he relies. 

AAj thiqa,OT ^ij^a, confidence, worthy 
of confidence. 

l3^) or jfJl^ wdthiq, or watheeq, 
firm, constant ; Vathek. 

jffljj - iftjoj watheeqa, pi. wathdyiq, 
valid title-deed. 

^1^1 «Xftc Aax«j wathceqa a'qd el- 
zawdj, marriage certificate. 

^\j^ withdq, bond of union; tetiier- 

jfjyL^t istawsaqa, he assured him- 
self, relied upon. 

^Ijjl. ^jti^a^n, pi. aii;«an, idol. [Ju0 

<w^flC*^ . Cy^^^ wajaha, it was a 
duty ; yajib, it is a duty. 

d ^^^^ U ma yo/ib laJio, his 
rights, due to him. 

diAc ^*^^^ U md yajib 'alaih, his 
duties, due from him. 

c-j^j wojoob, necessity. 

(^jU>>1^ . (w*%».|j wdjib^ pi. wdjibdt, 

<JJjJlc (^^.^^1^1 ^ min d'wdjib 

a'laik, it is your duty. 

L^^^^^] aw j aba, he caused^ necessi- 

c-jUfj eejdb, causation, answer in 
the affirmative; proposal, ofier. 

J^ J ^^^) eejdb wa qdbool, offer 
and acceptance. 

(w^%j»-^ vioojibf causing, a cause. 

(...^.^^^-vu bi-moojib. because* 

L^^xft^yLiI %ziawjabay\\i necessitatedj 
called for, caused. 

. iX^^ wajada, he found; 
yajid, he finds. 
>j woj{da,it was found, it existed. 

S^^, yoojad, it exists, is found. 

i)^^ wojood, existence; a finding; 
presence at. 

t^^yo moirjood, found ; present 
at ; existing. 

uiJjy^yxt mowjooddt, pi., things 
found or extant. 


( 303 ) 


^liXd-^ or S^^ wajd, or wijddn, 
conscience, emotion, ecatasy. 

^3 - 

>.^l awjada, he created, invented. 

d\ef\ eejdd, creation, a bringing 

to light. 
UiX^l^ tawajadoo (pi. 3rd person), 

they found themselves(mutually) 

present at a meeting. 

j^» j^3 '^^j^^^f it was concise ; 
yajiz, it is concise. 

JJ^^ ivajeez, small, short, brief, 
" trifling. 

jLsrl -j3-jl awjaza, he abbrevi- 
ated ; eejdz, brevity. 

moojiz, brief, concise. 

. «^« wajVuy it ached ; ydja\ 

it aches. 

waja\ pi. tvijd'a, ache, 

pam. [Jl 

«^j wajeea\ painful. 

jjU-^l . ^J^^ w;^Jag (for Turkish 
ojdq)y hearth, stove. 

^Jd-^ wajal, fear, emotion, anxiety. 

juft-^ wajna, a plump cheek, [j^ 

^^1 or s»»-^ - &>.^ i«;a;A, pi. u'o- 
joo/i, or mvjoh, face, surface, 
side, reason, manner; unit; 
paragraph or section; a har- 
bour in Arabia on the Red Sea. 

i^j^, - J^ ^^ wajli qibliy, South 

(face); wajh bahriy, North, or 
Sea face. 
Ay«JI *»-^ ^^ ^ala wajh el-o^moom, 
in a general way, in general. 

^^i\ »i^ li'hazihi 'l-awjoh, for 
these reasons. 


^j^Ljxl ^ x^^ wojooh wa aa'ydn, 
grandees and notables. 

i^^ wojha, direction, destination. 

KZj\^ .. i^ jeha, pi. jchdt, direc- 
tion, place ; reason. 

ivajdha, respectability, 
honour, good repute. 

sU^j wijdh, about (in number), 
in front of. 

%\sf tojdh, in front of, facing. 

jcx>j wajeeh, seemly, proper, 


sU^I ittijdh, a facing towards, 

^^ wajjaha, he faced, imputed, 
put a question, bestowed favour. 

CDl^j^y tawjeehdt, promotions^ 

tawajjaha, he turned towards, 
went to. 

>.l^ wdjaha, he came face to face, 

i^]y§ or ^[^^ wijdh, or mowdjaha, 

idjjf 24»-^l iufill et-tohma d-mowaj' 
jaha qibaloh, the crime im- 
puted to him. 

1^ or «V»^ wahad, wahid, or 

wdhid, one, unit. [iX^I 

Sj^lj or is^-^ wahada, wahida, or 
wdhida (femin.)> one, unit. 

^^y^ . S^\ aAa(2,(femin.) ihda,one. 
(^0^ wahdi, I alone, by myself. 
ij^». Atc?a, unity, unit. 

43J^ waheed, unique, incompar- 


( 304 ) 


4X>^ wahhada, he unified^ declared 
the unity of God. 

JuL»>y tawheed, belief in God^s 
unity ; unification. 

A>^ ^4> dain moivahhad, unified 
debt of Egypt. 

■J wahhid (imperative), say God 
is One ! the cry or challenge 

of night watchmen. 


I ittahada, he united himself 
to, agreed. 


4>l^! ittihdd, unity, unanimity, 

j^scu muttahid, ally, allied, ac- 

JLl»-j wahsha, desert solitude, 

[j^^^ - {j!^^^ wahsh, pi. wohoosh, 
wild, savage (beast). 


^JL^^ wahshiy, wild, savage ; as 
a medical term, exterior surface. 


\j^f tawahhush, savagery, bar- 

^^^^^1 awhasha, he made (us) sad; 
did not visit us, left us in 

LJ^JLmL^jI awhashtoond (collo- 
quialism), you have made us sad 
by your absence ; Welcome ! 

J^».j wahl, clay, mire. Day 

J^j wahila, it ran aground. 

^U'j (f^^^) wahhdm, superstitious. 
^^^ wahi, divine inspiration. [J^\ 

j^^ wakhaza, he pierced, pricked, 
JLgl^j - (hi^j fcakheem, noxious •, 
wakhdma, danger. 

Jv - &N wadda, he loved, desired ; 
yawaddfhe loves, [c. 

SJyo or J^ widdf or mawadda, 

i)tj wddda, he loved mutually. 

i))i)j widdd, mutual love. 
i)^i>^ wadood, lover, friend. 
J|^i>^ viawdood, beloved. 

M W 

^^Jj or ^y} biwooddi, or &u2(2f, I 
wish to. 

Cj^fl j^Jj tirfrfi ahtib, I wish to, 
or will, or am going to write. 

Ljj^ ci^Lji.c ^ildqdt widdiya, 

amorous bonds or relations. 

c-j&)^ waddaha, he fitted up, pro- 


S tawdeeb, outfit, outfit- 

c-jj^ mowaddab, fitted up, put 
right; (in a bad sense) 

-j-lj^ widdj, jugular vein. 
cJu» . cJj wada^a, he put, de- 
posited ; yada\ he puts. 

2c&) </a'a, tranquillity, 
eb^ wadda\ Adieu I 

Jb^ - io*)^ wadeea'a, pi. waddy'a, 
money deposit, or thing pledged. 

ci>^l or C4>^ wada'a, or awda'a, he 

deposited, delivered over; es- 
corted, saw ofi; 

cNi^A OT ^i)^ tawdeea\ or eedda'. 


( 305 ) 


cjyuil istawda'a, he kept in re- 
serve, entrusted, said farewell, 
retired from service. 

cljoi^I isteedda^ a bidding fare- 
well ; retirement. 

cJyL^ mu8tawda\ an official 
en disponibilite/^ on the re- 
tired list. 

ci>^ moodia\ he who makes a 
deposit ; mooda\ the thing 

sjoc ^^y^ mood^a a'ndoh, deposited 

with him ; depositary. 

C43j wada\ cowrie, small shell. 

j^Jj wadda (colloquial), he gave, 
handed over. [^'jl 

^Jj loada, he paid the " diya/* or 
price of blood. 

lid diya, price of blood. 
ijjl - tg^'^'j wddi, pi. awdiya, 
valley, ravine, bed of river. 

>UU ^d]y Wddi Haifa, Valley 
of Bushes ; Southern frontier 
town and province of Egypt 
on the Nile. 

jX^\ iw^-^V ^I'Wddi d-Kabeer, 
the great river Guadalquivir 
of Spain. 

^^**yo <^*>1^ Wddi Moosa, Valley 
of Moses, Petra. 

L5*l/5 " *!/5 ^^^^> behind, beyond ; 
wardniyy hinder-part. 

^\j . iJkjy wd'rreeni (colloquial, 

see rda), show me! 

^j^ warb, obliquity, slanting. 

J J ^ {jtJj^ warisa, he inherited ; 

• yarisj he inherits. 


^XjJ^j or i±jj\ irs, or wirdsa, heri- 
tage, succession. 

K±jji\ jf>- Aogg d'irs, right of suc- 

Hj^ - *^^^ '^o,ris, pi. warasa, heir, 

j^l^ - *^^];:i^ meera«, pi. ma- 
wdrees, estate inherited. 

t^JuJU al JT adla laho bil- 
meerdsy it came to him by 

>j^ warraaa, he named his heir. 

^y tawrees, appointing an heir. 
AJjb.y Jf^A». hoqooq tawreesiya, 

rights of succession. 
^^Jjyo mowarns, testator, legator. 

vl^ty tawdrus, sharing an inheri- 

Jj.^ .. ly^ ward, pi. woTOod, rose. 

^j*>y^ wardiy, rosy. 

t)^ 4^ mowarrad, reddened, rosy red. 

ilftijall Jjj wird et-tareeqa, watch- 
word of a sect, password of 
initiation into a sect of Der- 

i>1.^1 . dj^ wird, pi. awrad, schedule 
showing receipts of instalments 

of taxes paid monthly. [laiiU 

idj^ warda (colloquial for Italian 
guarda), look out I 

Jj.^ - '^J wareed, pi. worood, vein, 

dji^dij^ warada,he arrived; yarid, 
he arrives. 

\ *^5J5 \00TOOd, ^XYV^^» 

'^ '^ 


( 306 ) 


4>,lj wdrid, arriver, arrived; in- 
come ; importation. 

jdLc J dX wdrid wa «d^ir, in-come 
and out-go. 

CL^b.l^ tvdriddtj income, revenue, 

dj^ ivarrada, he made come, paid 
in, entered in the accounts, 
supplied (see wird). 

t^jy^ tatvrecd, entry of payment in 
the accounts, supply. 

J^^I tawarrada, it was entered in 
the accounts, 

t^y] awraduyhe made come, paid in. 

d^ljjl^l - JJ^I eerdd, pi. cerdddt, 

cJji-A* y d\j} eerdd wa maaroof, 

income and expenditure. 

6\Ji\ kzjM is^^' el-maslaha zdt 

eZ-ee)-arf,Departmentof Receipts 
of Revenue. 

idjy^ mawrada, landing-place, 
quay ; arrival. 

\^iy) - ^^jy warasha, pi. tvarash 
(European), factory, workshop. 

]ojy warrata, he flattered (another) 
into committing a crime. 

Siojy vjarta, abyss, precipice. 

Iflj ,y taivreet, flattery for a criminal 

c .^ xvara'y piety, abstinence, mo- 

Ji^j taaraqa, loaf of tree, sheet of 
pfipoFj layer. 

3\)^ - yjjy ii;ara2,;rdg', leaves, 
sheets of paper, paper, docu- 

cl^IjJum ^ yj\)^^ awrdq wa sanaddt, 
papers and documents. 

jfi .J or ^j)y wdriq, or wareeq, a 
tree in leaf, in foliage. 

^j^ tawarraqa, it became leafy. 

CJ\jy]^CJjy wirk, pi. awrdk (f emin.) , 
ischium, hip-bone, haunch. 

Ari- M ^^'^'**^^>i* tumefied; yaritn, 

it swells. 
J.^1 - ^. J t«;aram, pi. at(^ram, tumour, 

tuberculosis. [J«*# 

j^jyo mowarram, swollen. 

iijy or ^jy waran, or wama, cha- 
meleon. [A-ij^ 

;•! or u wizz, or awizz, goose. 

[iiloj duck. 
;^ vjazza, he incited, urged. 

-.>J^ wazaba, it flowed. [s-'jt 

— )]^ meezdh, gutter, drain. 

•Jj - fj^ wazara, he bore a burden ; 

yazir, he bears. 
. j^ wizr, burden. 

ij\u wizdra, responsibility of a 
Prime Minister, hence Yizierate, 
rank of Vizier. 

Minister of State, Vizier, a 
civilian Pasha of the highest 
rank, equal to a Military Mu- 
sheer or Marshal ; a rank like 
that of Privy Councillor. 


( 307 ) 


j^jyo - jj^ vnzTy sin, crime ; maw- 
zoor, guilty, sinner. 

c u wazza'a, he distributed, appor- 

^j^ tawzeea\ distribution, appor- 

^jj> - ^j^ wazana, he weighed an 
object ; yazin, he weighs. 

^^ or iij zinay or wazn, act of 

c^y - jjj;^ wazn,^\,awzan,B, weight 
for weighing ; metre of verse, 
grammatical form of word, para- 
digm of verb. 

^.J^y^ - u!/i^ weezan, pi. maiva- 
zeen, scales, balance ; Libra in 
the Zodiac. 

iJJU iuJL/i« meezdniya maliya, 
Financial Budget. 

iij\y'c mowdzana, equilibrium, a 

^jcfl or ^^j]^ wdza, or adza, it was 

opposite, parallel, 

f^j^f tawdza, it was (mutually) 


^jrl'y^ or uij^J-* fnowdzi, or mofa- 
wdzi, parallel. 

u^^ wasihhf dirty ; vjasakh, dirti- 
ness, dirt. 

is.^ tvasdkha, dirtiness, dirt. 

Xjl^^ wosdclay cushion. [Sj^ae-* 

\sL*^l _ kwi« wast, or wasniy pi. awsdt, 
middle, centre, waist, mean,me- 
dinm, average; among, midst. 

w . 

/y'Ja***^ or j^tj**i^ wasatiy, or «i;a«- 
tdniy, central, middling. 

laJUj . J^LmiI^ wdsita, pi. wasdyit, 
means, instrument or expedient, 
an intermediary, go-between. 

^moJ^I jllaiMl»> bi'wdsita d-holees, 
by means of the police. 

2oL*^ wasata, intervention. 

Ljum^ waseet, mediator, interme- 
diary; go-between. 

Lmij wassata, he put in the middle, 
was the means of. 

Lm< J tawassata, he intervened ; 
became the average. 

L^yto mw^ai(;a«5i7, medial, average, 

Lam^I awsat, most central. 

«*M.I or «AM^ wassa'a, or awsa'a, be 
widened, made spacious. 

iiuM^ or iju« «a'a, or wosa'a, width, 
amplitude, capacity. 

Iaam* tvasa'a, an open space ; a 

fJ^^ or «amI^ wdsia', or waseea', 
wide, ample. 

«mJ1 ittasa'a, it became wide, 


cL*jl ittisd'a^ width, amplitude, 

mM*x< moitasia', wide, extensive. 

«M«jl av'8a\ wider, ampler. 

JJUi^ - *Lamj^ waseclay pi. wasdyil, 
pre te^t, ^ dfe^\^^ ^^i^^^jc^'^ ^ '*:5Sxxsx\r^ ^ 

^5 vasama>^^\»^^^^^>^^^^^^ 


( 308 ) 

^1^ . ^y9 mosim, pi. mawdsim 

season ; local fair or fSte ; 
hence monsoon, rainy season. 

^j^y**^ waswasa, (the devil) promp- 
ted to evil. 

I^^y tawaswasa^he doubted, felt 

yjJy**^^ El-Wdswds, the Devil as 
Prompter of Evil. 

iusym^ waswasa, scruple, malice. 

LLi^ wis ay a, back-biting, sneakish- 

^li^ wishdh, belt, girdle of 

isc^y^ mowashshaha, lyric, ode, 

«^^ W(isha\ willow. 

Jl^ washm, tattoo mark. [iL j 

^j washshama, he tattooed. 
yj^y^^ washwasha, he whispered. 

^^^y washa, he embroidered, 

coloured cloth. 

• « 

u.A^. . u-A^^ wasafa, he attri- 
buted, described; yasif, he 

cJ'v^^l - v-J-cj wa^fy pi. awsdf, 
description ; quality, epithet ; 
adjective, attribute. 

- *^Juo - isuo sifa, pi. sifdt, qualifi- 
cation, quality. 

^(Xig^ iiua si fa rasmiya, official 

j»l ittasafa, he assumed a 
quality, personated or pre- 
Bumedj took upon himself. 




»L^t ittisdf, assumption of a 

H^J^^^^j iiuAi i^i^l ittasafa bt-stfa 
rasmiya, he assumed an official 
capacity ; pretended to be an 

\^yoy^ maxusoofy qualified, de- 
scribed, possessing attributes. 

^_OY^''^-p mte^^a^?/, qualified, assumed. 

J^. - J*^^ wasala, he arrived, 
joined; yasil, he arrives. [Ji^ 

^}y^) wosool, arrival. 

iLcy or (Jmi0^ wasl, or wasia, union ; 
conjunction, receipt. 

J^^^l or (Jij wassala, or awsala, 
he sent, made arrive. 

JLtfjil or J^y tawseel, or ea^aZ^ a 

JLflJl - (J-aJl ittasala, he reached, 
was in contact ; Utisdl, contact. 

^Ic J^^ tawassala ^ala, he at- 
tained, succeeded in. 

Jutfl^ wdsala, it was contiguous. 

iLtfl^ or Jlc^ wisdl, or mowdsala, 
continuity, meeting. 

J^y« Mosul, Mosul, a town near 
the ruins of Nineveh. 

ijycyo mdsool, united, conjunctive. 

(JwioLo muttasil, contiguous. 
^m wasm, defect, disease, vice. 

L5^^' or ^y wassa, or awsa, he 
bequeathed, recommended. 

iuucJ tawsiya, recommendation. 



( 809 ) 


hjjc^ wasdya, guardianship^ tutelle, 

ULtfj - h^^ waseeya, pi. wasdya, 
will, testament. 

vxf^l - L5^^ wasiy, pi. awsiya, 
(1) testator; but (2) more 
commonly the executor or 
guardian under the will. 

^^^ or ^^oyo moo8%, or mowassi, 

^ ^^-^^ ''^oosa boh, legacy, thing 


^ L5^>* '"^^^^^ faAo, bequeathed to 
him, i.e. the legatee or inheritor 
by will. 

J^^ wodoo, ablution before prayer ; 

water of ablution. 
^^^ wadi, clean, pure. 

\cf tawaddd, he performed his 
religious ablutions. 

iv-fljL« meeddt, tank (in Mosque) 
for ablutions. 

^^1 or ^^ waddaha, or awdaha, 

he made clear, explained. 

^y^^ wodooh, obviousness, clear- 

^\y wddih, clear, evident. 

^Lfljl or ^gJ^^ tawdeeh, or eeddh, 


CL;'*&-Lflj>l eeddhdt, explanations, 

^-aSl ittadaha, it was, or became 
clear, evident. 

muttadih, clear, evident, 
showing itself. 

j-a> - ^^ wada'a, he put, placed ; 

yada/ he places. 
cL^jl - i^j wada\ pi. awda^a, a 

placing, form, manner. \^^jas^ 
S£>\^ y cLijI at£;d!a^a wa qawd'yid, 

forms and rules. 
am^ da'a, abasement. 
^ da'i (imperative), put thou ! 

iXffA^^ wadeea'a, tax, deposit ; bag- 

g^l^ - ^yo mawda\ pi. mawddia', 
spot, place. 

c^yo matvdooa', placed; subject 

of a discussion ; the fact or 
merits of a case. 

hJt y ^y^y^ mawdoo'dn wa sheJc- 
Idn, " au fond, et en la forme/' 
on its merits, and technically, 
(legal terms). 

«^L^ wadeea*, humble, 
^ly or i^Lcy wadda*a,OT iawddua^, 

^IaiJI ^j£, «sal) ^y wada* el-yad 

^ala cWaqdr, he appropriated 
the landed estate. [^^iaIcI 

Uajf . ^Jdy watia, he trod, copu- 
lated ; yatd, he treads. 

\b^ or ^Isy watd, act of treading, 

^y wati, low, depressed, under. 

^Jo^ ^Lflji fayaddn wati, a low 
flood (of Nile) . 

^y J or rio]^ maivdtdt, or tawdtu, 
connivance^ accord. 

i^i^yo 'ff^CL'^^te£, trodden upon. 

--Ll«^ - vlo*^ maxvta, pi. mawdti, 

low land. 

XUoj or Silo tda, or vmtda, a tread- 
ing smooth or even, 

iVlc^ watada, ho consolidated. 

43j^^ watecd, firm, solid. 

^'Jojl - ^^ watan, pi. awtdn, na- 
tive land, patria, 

/j^y watamy, native, national, 
indigene, [/V^' 

iuJil^j Jf^5j>- hoqooq wataniya, civic 

j^y tawattana, he domiciled him- 

^y* inowattan^ domiciled, natu- 

l^iy^j watwdty the flying bat. 

iS^^y or ^JS^^ wozoob, or mowd- 

zaba, perseverance. 
«— ftJUs^ - Sij^^ wazeefa, pi. wazdyif, 

duty, function, 

JUAjii?^ ^*^^j> td'dlya wazeeftoh, 
the doing of his duty. 

u-it^ tvazzafa, he employed, took 
into service. [^J^^^l 

4«ity> tawazzafa, he served, was 

%^J&y^ mowazzaf, an official, 


*A*f . ^x^ wa'da, he promised; 
2/rr^/rf, he promises. 

a .. 

^ or j^y tawa'a'da, or awa'da, 

he threatened. 

iiVcj or itVc i^eZa, or wa'da, a pro- 
mising, term of delay. 

4>jCj - Sc^ tva'dj pi. wo^'oodf pro- 

43a£:^ wa'eed, threats. 

dM\y^ - ^^!^ mee'ydd, pi* maira- 
y'eerf, a promised time^ fixed 
time, season or delay. 

J»^yo maw'ood, promised. 

]afo . ]ac^ wa^za, he preached ; 
yalz, he preaches. 

Ilaf J or lof^ or Ila^ 'tza, or w^az, 
or to'aza, a preaching, sermon. 

laclj wdy'iz, preacher. 

Jx^ 7va% antelope. 

juc^l - >l£j ivi'yd, pi, awy^eea, 
vase, utensil ; heart, 

L5^ - ^^j toaia, he was on the 
alert ; ya'a, he is alert. 

^j - wa^a, cry, uproar, 
^jl oott^a (imperative), look out ! 
^^Ij wd'iy, guardian, watchful. 
Kcj wa'ka, illness, disease. 

(Jcy- Jl£^ {waghala),tawaglighala, 
he entered, hastened in. 

iXftj . jij wafada, he attended a 
lov^o or reception at Court ; 
yafid, he attends, &c. ; wafd, 
attendance or crowd of courtiers. 

liyj - ^ilj v'dfid^ pi. wqfoodf cour- 


( 311 ) 

8^ or . J^ or ^^ tvafr, or wofoor, 
or fira, abundance. 

Jy tawaffara, it was abundant. 

Jj waffara, he economised^ made 

-ijy tawfeer, economy ; good 

management so as to have 

Jy] - fi'^ tvdfir, abundant ; awfar, 
more abundant. 

^^ wafq, suitableness, success. 

lP; tt^ajfag'a, he made suitable ; 
(God) made prosper. 

^jjiy tawfeeq, success, prosperity 
(from God), Tawfeeq. 

jj3^ tawaffaqa, he prospered, was 

jfil^ or jji\^ wdfaqUj or tawdfaqa, 
he agreed, contracted with. 

iftil^ or ^jlij wifdq, or mowdfaqa, 
unison, concord. 

^1^ mowdfiq, ally, consenting. 

^^ inowaffaq, successful, blessed 
by God. 

^jiJl ittafaqa, ho agreed ; it hap- 

jflftJl ittifdq, union, concord, co- 

lilibi itiifdqdn, by agreement, by 


^U}| ittifdqiy, accidental. 

^^. - kJ^ wafa, he accomplished ; 
yctjij he accomplishes. 



fti J Zam ^o/^, he did not accom- 

^Jjl or ^^ vycLffdi or awfa, he 
fulfilled, paid. 

^ J iam yowwaf, he did not 

ixiy or *Uj>I or ^In K;a/a, or eefd^ 
or tawfiya, fulfilment, execution, 
payment, sincerity. 

sM^] ^ beea' el-wafd, ^' vmte 
a remere ; ^' '' pacte de rachat ; '* 
a sale with option of repur- 
chase within five years. 

CL^Ui^ - S'i^ wafdt, pi. wafaydt, 

^^j' - v^J ^^/y> pl- dwfiyd, com- 
plete, faithful. 

^^y*^! istawfa, he completed, ful- 

^Ujjin^l isteefd, completion, fulfil- 

^JlftjXwl isteefdiy, complementary, 

_iyLMw« mustawfi, complementary, 


^Jy towuffia (also iawaffa), he died. 
^^ muiuwuffi, dead, deceased. 
^^Ij u^o/i, fulfilling, abundant. 
^^J waqhy cavity, vessel, utensil. 
v:l;U^I - ci^j ti^og^, pi. awqdt, time. 

d^jll Iji - ^9^d or UUS^J deZ- 
waj^, or del'waqtij colloa^v5&L 

\cttqt, VSq\^ Mvca»> Tior^ . 


( 312 ) 

• f — 

^Ib^ waqh'izin, at that time, 
the time when. 

^iJj ivaqtiy, temporal, transitory. 

OJ^o motaaqqat, temporary, pro- 

uJy^ mowaqqatdn, provisionally, 
temporarily, for a term of years, 
not for life. 

jS^yo - c:u9y« or ci,>l5>,^ meeqdt, 
or moqit, pi. mawdqeet, a fixed 
time; time-table for trains or 
the post. 

Jf^ waqihj impudent. 

iac* or i^\S^ waqdha, or jtAa, 

jiyul or Jjj waqada, or isiawqada, 
it was on fire. fiJ;^ 

ijj or Jy^ woqood, or ^'(2a, a being 
on fire ; combustion. 

«3jj t^;a3at{, fire, combustion. 

JjJj waqeed, fuel. 

«3ijl awqada, he lighted a fire or 

jJ»^JLmwc m'listawqad, furnace of 
Turkish bath. 

.l#j waqdr, seriousness of demea- 
nour, gravity. 

.y^ waqoor, dignified, serious, 

J>y tawaqqara, he was serious, 
dignified, patient. 

iij or J#^ waqaza, he thrust at, 

poked. ^j^3 

b . v^ waqada, he fell, it hap- 
pencd; yaqa\ he falls. 

oyij woqoo^a, fall, event, occurrence. 

o'j wdqia\ falling, happening. 

SnJi^ wdqia'a, event, accident. 
jJUj - iuJ^ waqee^ya, pi. t(;a2aya, 
event, news. 

«jj waqqa'a, he made fall; im- 
posed (a tax) ; registered, 
fixed his seal or signature. 

«jjy tawqeea\ imposition or levy- 
ing of a tax ; signature, place 
of signature (L. S.) 

Jy tawaqqa^a, it happened, came 
to pass. 

^]^wdqaa,]ie fell out with, fought. 

icijL^ or q\S^ wiqd'a, or mowdqa'a, 

battle, conflict, 
jj!^ - «jyo ma\vqia\ pi. niawdqia^ 

place, spot. 


«5yU mutawaqqia', happened, taken 

\^iso - <-^j waqafa, he halted, 
stood up ; yaqif, he stands. 

1 oqof (imperative), stand up ! 

yj woqoof, standing posture ; a 
halt; knowledge, experience. 

f^yll L^Lj^l arbdb eUwoqoof, 

experts, men who know, [i/f*- 

ufl^ wdqif, standing, in suspense. 

'^j or i^lf^) . c^j ti^o^/, pause, 
halt, mortmain ; in pi. awqdf, 
or woqoof, pious donations, 
estates in mortmain. 

ili^SI v.UsJ nazdret el-awqdf, 

Ministry of Mortmain or Reli- 
gious Donations. 


( 313 ) 


•I M 

IJ^ waqqdf, he who constantly 
stands ; overseer. 

^^JS^] or ^^JSy waqqafa, or awqafa, 

he detained^ arrested^ made 
stand, stopped a performance^ 
&c.y gave as a waqf, 

uJlibl or i_Q^«y tawqeefy or eeqaf, 
detention, arrest; a giving to 
mortmain, or waqf ; suspen- 
sion, abeyance, deferment. 

\^M^ tawaqqafa, he stood, hesi- 
tated ; it depended upon, con- 
sisted in. 

P M 


l^« - \^JSyo moqiff pi. mawdqif, 
place of halt. 

y^ mawqoof, halted ; property 
in mortmain. 

^Jb - ^^^ waqa, he guarded ; 
yaqi, he guards. 

^j ji (imperative), guard thou ! 

L'Jf^ tmqdya, guard, restraint. 

^J6] ittaqa, he feared God, was 

-jIlU muttaqi, pious. 

^UajI - ^^^ ^ajiy* P^' cLtqiyd, pious. 

j^yil or -aS ^oja, or taqwa, piety. 

^y taivaqqa, he was on his guard. 

i s 'a 

i3\ or i5^\ or jiif^ og'ja, a weight of 

21 lbs.; 1-25 kilog. ; 400 


-«!? -iJ? -c* 

Jui'l or Li^t or £ji^ oqjlya, ounce ; 

1^ oz. avdp. ; 37i grammes; 

12 dirhems. 

ic Kit - 1^^ (M?afc.'i), ittakd a'la^ 
he leaned upon, reclined. 

> JjU muttaki, reclining ; on one^s 

^ . w.^'^ (t(;aA;a&a), mawkih, 
procession, cortege. 

tX^I or si^ wakkada, or akkada, 
he strengthened, assured. 

Jjiu or 43JLr*> tawkeed, or td-keed, 
a strengthening, assuring. 

juJj or Jo^l akeedy or wakeed, 
certain, positive, firm. 

j^^ mo-akkad, confirmed, certain. 

ir*^^ waks, loss, damage ; eclipse. 

pK^ - J^^ wakeel, pi. wokald, 
agent, attorney; station-master. 

*>fi ijj^^ wakeel a^nho, agent for 
him ; his attorney. 

Jji^j ^\j bash Vakeel, head agent; 

title of the Turkish prime 
minister when the higher 
dignity of Grand Vizier is in 

2\^^ wakdlay agency, procuration; 
hence a block of buildings, 
" okelle/' in charge of an agent. 

Ji'^ wakkata, he appointed an 
agent, gave a power of attorney. 

Jjiiy tawkeel, a giving a pro- 
curation, or appointment of 
attorney; act of procuration, 
power of attorney ; direction ; 
agent's office ; station-master's 

ijiyo mowakkU, the principal who 
appoints the agent. 


( 314 ) 

aJu: J^^ mowaklial u\iho, the 
agent who is appointed. 

^^ Jiy tawakkala a'la, he relied 
upon, entrusted his affairs to 
an agent. 

^1 ^^ e:Jl^^ tawakkalto a'la 
'llah, God is my trust ! 

JjI - Ji^ wal'hala (vulgarism for 
akJcala), he fed another, made 

Jui - J^ walaja, he penetrated, 

entered ; yaZ?)*, he enters. 
^^^ woloojf penetration, entry, 

J.l atvlaja, he thrust in, made 

^Jbi ee/o/, a thrusting in; pene- 
tration, forcible entry. 

«3JIj> - jJ^ walada, he begot ; yalid^ 
he begets. 

•xi> - CL^iXlj ivaladet, she bore ; 
^a//c?, she bears. 

jLj J ^ 43Jb» J jdll Allah lam yalid 

wa lam yoolad, Allah did not 
beget and was not begotten. 

UjI^I awladahd, he made her a 

jjj tawallada, he was born ; it 

sprang from. 
jiyL] istawlada, he acknowledged 

his paternity. 
JjJ^ or XjJ lida, more commonly 
ui7arf«, birth, parturition. [,^j-*'^ 

^IjJU - »jil^ - jJlj u-dltd (femiu.), 
n'dllda, (dual) frdlUhin, father, 
JMOthvr ; both parents. 

c!i^\ - iiJ^ tvalad, pi. awldd, child, 
son, boy. 

jjyi ^1 umm el-walad, the child's 
mother, a female slave who 
bears a child to her master. 

^IjJL - tVj^ walecd^ pi. wilddn, 
born, child. 

jJl^ - jJ^ mawlidy pi. mawdlid, 

4XJ1^ . j^^ mmvlood, pi. maetd- 
Zeed, born ; births. 

^ J^^ mawlood laho, born to him; 

jJ^ m^nvallady born-slave. 

Jca!1^ « *>2l:H meeldd, pi. 7nawdleed, 

jXjl^JI JuLc 'eedeZ-m«c7ttrf, Christmas. 

JujIuJI iluJI ^ fis-sana l-meeld- 
diya. Anno Domini. 

JijwlyLxj^.^ mustawliday mother, 
especially slave-mother. 

yjJi^ wihf fraud, humbug. 

J^ wala\ burning passion ; piece 
of live coal. 

c^^ wolooa\ a being on fire; love, 

J^l or J^ walla a^ or axvWa^ ho 
set on fire, lighted. 

JL« moola\ passionate; consumed 
with love ; amateur, aspirant. 

JSj - ^^^ ivalecma, pi. waldytm, 
banquet, feast. 

^'^. - A 70//a//, sadness ; walltdu, 
wild with grief. 



( 315 ) 

^_ ^^' 

J^. tvahrala, lie screamed, la- 
mented, wailed. 

3J« wahvala, wail, lament. 

lJ^. - lJ^ walia, he ruled over ; 
was near, friendly ; yoU, he 
rules, &c. 

^3^ w;a/«, nearness; W/a, sequence, 

h^^ wildya, government ; a large 
Turkish province ruled by a 
Wdli or Vdli ; guardianship. 

Slj - jJI^ wall, pi. woldt, ruler, a 
Vdli or Turkish governor - 
general of a province. 

^LjJ^l - lJ) waliy, pi. awliyd, friend, 
master, saint, possessor. 

XjJj waliya, a polite term used in 
addressing a Moslem woman. 

ijJ^ Ij Yd waliya {Yowh'ya), Oh 
woman ! 

4V41JI jJ^u'a/ayeZ-a^A(7,heir apparent. 

f^' ^J^ i^^aWy en-ni'am, bene- 
factor, King or Khedive as 
the source of favours, 

aJJI ^W^l awliyd ed-dam, blood 
relations ; relations claiming 
vengeance for blood. y^l 

^UJI ^Ul^l awliyd esh-shdn, the 

interested parties in a case. 


^^ walla, he appointed as ruler. 

iJy tawliya, appointment as ruler; 
accession to the throne. 

jLflJI L walla d-firdr, he took to 

^J^l awla, he approached, favoured. 

*)bl eddy favour. [cf. yj\ 

^\^ wdla, ho w'as friendly, assisted. 

SSI^ moxvdldty friendship. 

jjy tawdla, it followed con- 

jJ^^iU mutawdli, consecutive, [fc 

^jll^ - i^'r*-* mutawdli, pi. matd- 
wiZa, ^' Metuali/' a fanatic sect 
in Syria. 

^y tawalla, he ruled over, 


^JU mutawalli, ruler. 

^Ic ^Jy^t istawla 'ala, he seized 

the power over, seized, em- 
bezzled, influenced. 

plxxm) isteeld, aggression, seizure. 

L^'y* - ^^yo mola, pi. matvdli, mas- 
ter, king; friend; Moslem priest. 
[lU manld, doctor of laws. 

ijJ*^ - L^^y molawiy, femin. 
mdlawiya, a Dervish sect, kingly. 

iuJyo molawiya, sovereignty. 


.Kill ^^ moivalli eZ-/rar, fugitive. 

moomd ileih, aforesaid. 

i^^« wamasa, he rubbed, handled. 

Ju^yc moomisa, prostitute. 

sf^^ wamiqa, he loved, doated on. 

^'Jj ti?a?ia, fatigue. 

^1^ wdni; fatigued, feeble. 

^1 J tawdnif delay, slowness. 

^^« or tJ^yo - ^Ux« tneana, pi. 

mawdni, or meyan (femin.), 
harbour of rest. 

. iw'^j wahaha, he gave; 
yahah, he gives. 


( 316 ) 

c-?U^ wahhdh, God the constant 

ijjU^ Wahhabiy, a fanatical sect, 
followers of Abdul-Wahh&b in 
Arabia, 1691—1818, crushed 
out by Mahomed Ali of Egypt 
in 1818. 

)^ hahoo (imperative), give ye, 
grant, suppose that ! 

iu2b hibay gift. 

(w^Au tdahhaba, he prepared. 

(w-^j^ mohib, donation, gift. 

2 L-.>ybyo mawhoob laho, given to 

him, donee. 
u]j^3 TTaAran, Oran in Algeria. 
ilib^ wahla, fear, anxiety. 

iiib^ J^l awwal wahla, at the first 
sight, or thought. 

^ . jb^ wahama, he imagined, 

had a notion, suspected; ya- 
him, he suspects. 

^^1 awhamay he deceived, alarmed. 

J^] eehdm, ambiguity, deception. 

^J tawahhama, he imagined, 

Jjb^\ - ^^ wahm, pi. atvhdniy 

idea, notion, instinct ; pre- 
judice, alarm. 

^-4Jb^ wahmiijy imaginary, false. 

\JL>^^ . j(4^ tuhma, pi. tuhmdty 
accusation, charge against a 

^1 or ^\ at'hamay or ittahama, 

he accused, prosecuted a charge 
in a criminal court. 

^(ff/t'///Adm, accusa tion, indictment. 

J^\ iSj^ waraqat el'ittihdm, bill 

of indictment, charge - sheet 
against a prisoner. 

^»fLe or >fLo muttaham, or mut-hamy 
the accused man. 

^^ wahhana, he weakened, tam- 
pered with. 

iuubj wahna, feebleness. 

^Jb^ t<;aAt,feebleness,unimportance. 

^Jbl^ wdhi, trifling, unimportant. 

JS^ luidm, cordiality, concord. 

2ju»^ waiba, a measure of capacity, 
about 7 gallons; 33 litres; 
^th of ardab, 

Jjj or <««^^ K;at&, or wail, Alas ! 
Fie ! Shame ! 

Kj^ waikay bamia cooked in a 
peculiar manner. 

^jj>^ wirkoo (Turkish verghi), pro- 
fessional tax. 

^iJjly wirk (corrupted from wirkoo) , 

fee, perquisite, commission 
paid for work done. 

^^ or (Jj^ waily or waih, Alas ! 
for shame ! [w^-^« 

Y, or ee. 

^ Ye. Value = 10. 

iJ^ - ^^ - i (final suflSx), my; 
kitdbiy my book. 

t^jifl - 4^ - i (feminine suffix of 

imperative) ; iktibi. Write ! 
(oh woman !). 

{ 317 ) 


••5 w 

<Xj - ^ - ty (femin.), iya, ad- 
jectival suffix. 

j^^^-o* -.r'^^ ma^r, Egypt ; maariy, 

2t'j» • Ij i/a^ oh I ydldy get along ! 

j^^lj ydtara (colloquial) Query ? 
Is it that ? 

L-J.jb ya dob, almost. 

ybU y(i Aoa, or yd hoo, Oh He I 
i.e. Oh God ! 

j^y^b yas, despair. [(^^ 

,^uj - ^jjo ya-isa, he despaired; 
yayds, he despairs. 

ur-y^^ - UHi^ fndyis, despairing ; 
mdyoos, despaired of. 

jjAam*'o ydsmeen, jasmine. 

liU ya«Aa (Turkish), live thou ! 
viva I 

U»lj oy?- y^j^^ Efendimiz choq 
ydshd ! (Turkish), Oh, our 
lord (Sultan, or Khedive) live 
long ! God save the King ! 

jfA*tlj> ydshmaq (Turkish), lady^s 
gauze veil covering the lower 
half of the face. 

iloflj or iiiU ydfta (Persian), pla- 
card, sign-board, label. 

ISj or ii\j ydqa (Turkish), collar 
of coat or shirt. 

^^L>^b ydqoot, ruby, sapphire, topaz, 

^yMjb ydnsoon, aniseed, 
.^b ydwer (Persian), assistant. 
-^^1 jj^lj ydwer el-harb, aide-de- 

cdUIj - f^^jy^yt pl- yaya^Turkish), 
metal spring,springs of a carriage. 

LT^Hi - L/HHl yohisa, it became dry; 
yaibas, it is drying [uJ^^ 

U^k or Lr^^ 2/aW«, dry. 
&«fftAj» yoboosa, dryness. 

i^MXfJ tayabbasa, it became dry, 

^1 - iV^ yatd-atta, it is possible, 

it results (see a^a). 
^^Uu or Juo) - ^Jub yateem, pi. 

aitdm, or yatdma, orphan. 

Jb . ^i^'^'^SH tnatYama, orphans; 
yoim, orphanhood. 

jy© mootim, widow with fatherless 

, ^j^ or ^Urc Yahid, John the 

Baptist. [icJ^^ 

c:u%flC yaA;^^ (English), yacht. 

^Jis^jyakhni (Turkish) ,stew, ragout. 

j^jU - ^^Sjj - Jj yed (vulgarly 
yeed or eecZ), pi. aidi, or ayorfi 
(femin.), hand, handle, power. 

^^Joll or ^l*3jJl el-yeddn, or eU 

yedain, the two hands. 

A» Jj ^^ bain yedaihi, between his 

two hands, in his presence ; 
i.e. in the presenceof a superior. 

^J^l j^*3j ^j^ ^1 aqarra bain 
yedai l-modeer, he confessed in 
the presence of the Mudir. 

Jy^ Si ^Ic a^la yed shohood, in 
the presence of witnesses. 

^^ sjj> yedoh taweela, his hand 
is long; he is a thief. 


( 318. ) 


iiliJU) Jo yed mutamarrina, a 

practised hand. 
^y)j> 7/ar/>oa', jerboa, desert rat. [^ . 

Xcly yarda'a, glow-worm. 

(J?A* " ^^J^' yaraqdn, jaundice; 
mdrooq, jaundiced. 

^^AmiIj - i^ yd-seen, the two 

letters Y and S, the title of 
chap, xxxvi. of the Koran, used 
as a man^s name, like Taha. \_s^ 

jmj^^^ - ^*mj> yasara, it was pleasant, 
easy ; yaisir, it is easy. 

S.Ljj or ^Awj yosr, or yasdra, facility, 
ease, comfort, wealth ; black 

ji^tj yaseer, easy, slight, trifling. 

yjy**^ or fLo or ^^1 aisar, or 
yasdr, or yosra, left-hand side. 

ijJ^Mtj hbjj borha yaseera^ a short 
moment, brief interval. 

j**jj) aisar, easier. 

^awjI aisara, he was solvent, rich. 

5^M*jLo or jUo yasdr, or matsara, 
solvency, wealth. 

jMty^ moosiTy solvent, wealthy. 

jf**^uo ^ r***^ moosir wa moa'sir, 
solvent and insolvent. 

omjJ tayassara, it became easy, 
was possible; he was successful. 

t^y**i yasooa'iy, Jesuit, [cf. ^<**»jl£ 

^jImjj yasdq (Turkish), forbidden. 
^js^^^**^ yasdq ji (Turkish), consu- 
Jar constable. 

•--w^ or <^-»£j yashbj or yasb, 

j^ yashm, agate, jade. L^^t^ 

^^.^gc - L-J>j°*.\ ija'qooh, he follows 
as a younger twin, Jacob (see 
a'qaba) . 

^ic . ^Jujf ya'niy that is to say 
(see a'na). 

iib ya/'x, JaflGgi or Joppa. 

CL; y Lj> yaqooty ruby, sapphire, 
topaz, jacinth. 

iJlj> or Iaj or iaj yarjra (Turkish), 
collar of coat or shirt. 

laSjjAAil or laiuJ or laib yaqiza, or 
tayaqqaza, or more commonly 
istaiqaza, he was awake, be- 
came awake or woke up. 

laAj^i aiqaza, he awoke (another 

ilaaj yaqaza, vigil, watchfulness. 
^UaSj yaqzdn, awake, on the alert. 
loAjLW^ mustaiqaz, awake. 

i^f^ or ^ib yaqinOy or fayaqqana, 
he knew for certain. 

iJUw - (j:W. yaqeen, certainty; 
yaqeendn, for certain. 

^^^ mooqtn, being certain of^ 
easy in mind. 

^^ yegen (Turkish), nephew. 

^j^. or v,er?l.^ yeni-jeri (Tur- 
kish, yeni'cheri), new troops, 
janissary ; consular constable. 

CJL ycZefc (Turkish), waistcoat, 

j^yki - L yamm, pi. yomoom, sea. 

>>«^I tayammama, he rubbed his 
\v«LTiA^ ^?OT ^\il\xt\ou) with sand 


( 319 ) 


^jtJj tayammum, ' ablution^' with 

J.4J yaindmy wild pigeon. L»L«^»- 

^Ajuf - ^^ yawiana, he or it was 
lucky, it came from the right 
hand side ; yaimariy it is lucky. 

^j>tj yomn, luck, felicity. 

^jL4j yameen (femin.), right hand 
side; oath. 

^l4jl - ^^ji^ yameen, pi. aimdn, 
(femin.), oath, a lifting of the 
right hand to swear. 

IJLmj c-fti>- halafa yameendn, ho 
took the oath. 

hk»J^^ ^^jL4oi yameen hdshiia, de- 
cisive oath, sermeiit dedsoire. 

^4j] or ^^jJUj yomna, or aiman, 

right-hand side. 

^^^4UJl El'Yemen, Arabia Felix. 

iuLiu^ maimana, felicity, prosperity. 

^^•juo mahnoon, lucky; monkey. 

mM - P^Mi Yanhoa', fountain, 
Yembo, an Arabian port on 
the Bed Sea (see naba'a). 

LS*^ - ^<«aL ycLnhaghi, it is neces- 
sary (see bagha). 

J*4> - L^*^H> yahoodiy, a Jew, 
Jewish ; yahood, the Jews. [J^* 

v^^jy. - jy. 2/0^^ (Turkish), a 
hundred; yooz-bashi, captain 
in the army. 

%^JbM^ Yoosuf, Joseph. 

^cJoil i— i***y. yoosuf efcndi, small 
mandarin orange. 

ij^yl or ^^ yoolio, or yoolia (Euro- 
pean), July. 

(•'d' - i*^. y^ Pl- «2/2/awi, day. 
.l^i nahdr, daylight, day-time. 
^yji\ el'T/om, to-day. [t^lfil 

U^ U^ ydmdn fa-yomdn, day by 

^^ yowtiy, daily. 

<X5A-<^j[ ydmiya, day^s pay; day 
book, journal. 

4\^lt! ^y yom el-ahad (el-had), 

f^jjuji] j^yj yom eUetnain, Monday. 

^'oXjtil j^yi yom et'taldtd, Tuesday. 

^^Sl ^^ ydm, el' arba'd, Wednesday. 

(^/**;M^ /•y. y^^^ el'khamees, Thurs- 

**^ (^yi yo^ el'joma'a, Friday. 
d^^JI j^yi yom eS'Sabt, Saturday. 

Zp (^yi y^'^^ tdreekhoh, this day^s 
date, the same day mentioned. 
jjjjJI ^y. yom ed-deen, the day of 

JS\ ayydm, days, Chronicles of the 
" Bible. 

^J^iy^ Yondn, (Greek, Ionia), 

Greece, the Greeks. 
iJ^yl yondniy, a Greek, Grecian. 
^»*^yi Yoonis, Jonas. 


•• • 

iij^jy) or yjOy}^ yoonxoy or yooma, 
(European) June. 






Page 40, col. 1, xJ'^ i^ jehd-hhana (Persian), aiijnnmitiou. 

54, „ 2, 'L^^s»- hadoota, anecdote, story. 

55, „ 1, LlAd. hiddya, hawk, kite. 

60, „ 2, J^Ascu*.! {stahsala, he acquired, obt.iiinMl. 

61, „ 1, U .^-^-^ - jy^''*' hodoor, presence : hoilnnriydii 

{\egsl term)/' contradictotremenf/' it cmsc heard 
in the presence of both parties. n-^, Wu^ 

„ 63, ,, 1, i-jL-As>-! ahaqqiya (legal term), a iK'rnr right, 

i. e., success in a civil suit. 
,^ 64, „ 1, .liX^^C^. hokmddr (Persian), govfriinr-irt-ueral, 

chief of police. 
„ 69, „ 1, j^ hor, coarse leather, 

73, ,, 2, mS^ I'hadam (pi, of /^S^ hhddim). stTvauts. 

74, „ 1, -jp-]^ I'hurdj, abscess. 
70, „ 2, J^ hhala-a, he wrenched oft*. 

,, 80, „ 1> jjC u-ftifl^ tahhallafa 'aUy he absenTi^l liimself. 
„ 92, ,, 2, jjU ^JjJ deeda-hdn (Persian), sentrv. 


,, 104, „ 2, Ji^j^ irtifdq, servitude. ^sce ^^ 

„ 108, ,, 2, -^'o , rayydhy canal, relief canal st^e ^ , 

,, 109, „ 2, lS^^.J^, ^} /•; J Rocyni-edi Bcylerheii'» ('rnrkish), a 

civilian pasha of the second rank, ecjiial to a 
military fareeq. [j^.^ 

„ 109, ,, 2, \j^^^j Toomis, trellis, raft. 

T I" 

















Page 110, col. 1, «J> • r^e^a, growth, increase; (legal term) iiiconie 

or revenue from land. 

, i»iX** ^}Si badal safariya, travelling expouses. 

, JULfM shahiyay appetite for food. 

jXjo Sahara, he was patient. 

, S.*jl^ sdboora (Italian), ballast of a ship. 

«iL« sdni'a, artisan. 

2, laA^U biZ'zaht, precisely, with accuracy. 

„ 2, t^J^AJo - iV-4^ 'ammaday he baptised ; ta^meedy 

„ 2, JjL9 2^^^ ^ killing, putting to death. 
„ 1, AjS Idzim (intransitive verb). 
„ 1, t-JjAJi - '-y^ {nahba) - onhooh, reed, tube. 
„ 281, „ 2, j^sc nalmo, (vulgarly ahna) we. 















. 1 




















































jjl ahbada, For he read Ac perpetuated. 
^^\ asara, for ftc read //e bound captive. 
Yorji j^\ read ^'^;-*i ameer el-bahr, admiral. 
For ^\i dLj read ^jAi dLj hing-ldAhi^ major. 
For db read eJLj itw^, or bin (Turkish), tliou- 

sand, and ^A^-^ hinghdshl^ major. 
For 'Ijjl asdd read ,^jS^ flw^^j, pi. breasts. 
For ^JL« jiU tdnoo masha, &c. read^U ^ timno 

mdshiy he went on, continued his course. 
For f^^ jonoob, read janoohy soutli. 
For or read ^/, khiyyaf, afraid. 
For ^j\ read ^jij^ rafaqa^ he accompanied. 
For tea* read has an evil spirit. 
For ybj read ^ ra/if, flower. 
For eulogies and titles of God, read couplet a of 

praise and prayer, &c. 

1 19 For A-jtf' or »^ read >t-^ or ji^ ^o/a', or tas- 

jeea, rhythm, &c. 
For -^ read —^ sahooh, morning drink. 

For c^ read c^ sar'a, epilepsy. 
For roof read masroof &c., spent, <fcc. 
For l^jio read ii^^ ^o^/io, fuss, trifle. 
For jjillft w/i«6^A read ishesh, pi. of ^eshslta. 
After j ^« --- ^ insert istaghraqa, he was over- 
whelmed, &c. 
For masqad read tnaqsad. 

For ajlJU read jLuU sdhita. 




P3 f 7^^