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Full text of "Ancestors and descendants of Daniel Gardner V. and Mary (Hodges) Gardner, late of Champaign, Illinois : with other Gardner and Hodges records and historical and biographical notes"

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1151107 



GENEAL-OGY COLLECTION 




D. Hodges Gardner 
(No, 10) 




The Gardner Homestead 

Built in Johnstown, by Daniel Gardner IV. in 1832 



ANCESTORS and DESCENDANTS 
of 

Daniel Gardner V, 

and 

Mary (Hodges) Gardner 

Late of 

CHAMPAIGN. ILLINOIS 



With other Gardner and Hodges Records 

and Historical and Biographical 

Notes. 



Collected and Compiled by 
D. Hodges Gardner 



JfCartin ^ Allardyce 

j^sburp Park, N. J. 

1915 



115110? 



v[^ Affectionately Dedicated, 

^ by their children, 

\^ to the 

Memory of 

Daniel Gardner V. 

and 
Mary (Hodges) Gardner 



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FOREWORD 

For a number of years I have improved opportunities 
for collecting records and other data pertaining to the 
Gardner family, and herewith present such parts of my 
collection as relate to that branch of the family to which 
I belong. The offering consists of records and historical 
and biographical notes, through which may be traced the 
ancestry of Daniel Gardner V. and Mary (Hodges) Gard- 
ner, late of Champaign, Illinois, and records of all other 
descendants of his father, Daniel Gardner IV. 

In this genealogy the many maternal lines of ancestry 
have been traced as far, and as carefully, as have been 
the paternal lines, which is not usually the case with fam- 
ily records, and I feel well repaid for the time consumed 
in making the search. A study of the records herein will 
show that all lines of ancestry lead — for an American 
foundation — to that grand type of the Anglo-Saxon race, 
the English immigrants, the pioneer settlers of New 
England. 

A previous experience in keeping live stock records, 
tracing pedigrees, etc., has taught me that to be of value 
work of this nature must be thorough, and, when com- 
pleted, should — like an abstract of title — show a perfect 
chain; and that traditionary statements which cannot be 
verified have but little weight. I venture the hope that 
the arrangement will permit the unbroken chain to be 
readily followed. 

The data used has been abstracted from the public 
records of counties, towns and churches ; from tombstones ; 
from local histories, and from genealogical and biograph- 
ical works of recognized authority, as well as from many 
private family records, all of which have been carefully 
verified. 

Acknowledgment in general is here made to many 
persons for favors received, and in particular to three 
who have given me great assistance, all now deceased: 
Mrs. Sabrina (Gardner) Atwood, No. 14 in this record, 
who was of the eighth generation of Gardner in America, 
and whose personal knowledge extended backward well 
into the sixth, and whose memory was clear and distinct 
at eighty-five years of age; Mrs. Caroline E. Robinson, of 



Wakefield, Rhode Island, a thorough genealogist, and 
author of a history of the Hazard family of Narragansett ; 
Mr. Almon D. Hodges, of Boston, another thorough gene- 
alogist, and from whose book "The Hodges Family of 
Massachusetts" I have, by permission, copied freely, some 
parts literally. 

This publication, is made to secure the preservation 
of the records, and in the hope that it may be of val- 
ue to some future historian of the family. 

Owing to the limited scope of the work an index is 
not required, and the few abbreviations used will be read- 
ily understood. 



PART ONE 
GENEALOGY 



(1) George Gardiner, of Newport, Rhode Island ; im- 
migrant; b. England; d. Newport, 1677; md. Horodias 
(Long) Hicks. She md. (3) John Porter. Children b. 
Newport. 

(2) I. Benoni, d. 1732; md. Mary 



II. Henry, d. 1744; md. (1) Joan ; md. 

(2) Abigail Remington. 

III. George, d. 1724; md. Tabitha Teft. 

IV. William, d. 1711 ; md. Elizabeth . 

V. Nicholas, d. 1712 ; md. Hannah . 

VI. Dorcas, md. John Watson. 

VII. Rebecca, md. John Watson. 

He md. (2) Lydia, dau. of Robert and Susannah Bal 
lou, of Newport. Children of second wife b. Newport. 

VIII. Samuel, md. Elizabeth . 

IX. Joseph, md. Catharine Holmes. 

X. Lydia, md. Joseph Smith. 

XI. Mary. 

XII. Perigrine. 

XIIL Robert, b. 1671, d. 1731. 
XIV. Jeremiah. 

(2) Benoni Gardiner, of King's Town, Narragansett, 
eldest son of George Gardiner (1); b. after 1640; d. 
1731 ; md. Mary . Children b. Kingston. 

(3) L Stephen, b. 1667; d. 1743; md. Amey Sher- 

man. 

II. William, b. 1671; d. 1732; md. Abigail Rem- 

ington. 

III. Nathaniel, md. Mary . 

IV. Isaac, b. 1687 ; md. Elizabeth Davis. 

V. Bridget, md. Job Sherman. 

(3) Stephen Gardner, of Gardner's Lake, Connecti- 
cut, eldest son of Benoni Gardner (2), b. 1667; d. 
Gardner's Lake, 9 Feb., 1743; md. 1700, Amey, dau. of 
Benjamin and Hannah (Mowry) Sherman, of Ports- 
mouth, R. I. Children b. Kingston. 

I. Amey, b. 13 June, 1701. 

II. Lydia, b. 10 Oct., 1702 ; md. John Jenkins. 

III. Stephen, b. 24 Feb., 1704 ; md. Frances Cong- 

don. 

IV. Benjamin, b. 18 April, 1706; md. Content 



V. Peregrine, b. 24 Jan., 1707 ; md. Susanna Rob- 
inson. 

10 



(4) VI. Daniel, b. 14 Dec, 1709; md. Bathsheba 

Smith. 

VII. Sarah, b. 25 Oct., 1711; md. Samuel Davis. 

VIII. Hannah, b. 2 May, 1713; md. Samuel Rogers. 

IX. Mehitabel, b. 22 May, 1715; md. John 

Congdon, Jr. 

X. Abigail, b. 9 July, 1717; md. Richard Smith. 

XI. David, b. 28 June, 1720 ; md. Jemima Gustin. 

XII. Jonathan, b. 18 April, 1724; md. (1) Mary 

Haughton; md. (2) Abiah Fitch. 

Ancestry op Amey (Sherman) Gardner. 

(1) Philip Sherman, of Portsmouth; immigrant; son 

of Samuel, —Henry, Henry; b. 5 Feb. 1610, Ded- 

ham, England; d. Portsmouth, R. I., 1681; md. Sarah, 
dau. of Margaret Odding, immigrant. 

(2) Benjamin Sherman, son of Philip (1) ; b. 1650; 
d. Portsmouth, 24 Sept., 1719; md. 3 Dec, 1674; Hannah, 
dau. of Roger and Mary Mowry, of Providence, R. I. 

(3) Amey Sherman, dau. of Benjamin (2) ; md. Ste- 
phen Gardiner, of Kingston, later of Gardner's Lake. 
She was b. 25 Oct. 1681. 

Roger Mowry, immigrant, father of Hannah 
(Mowry) Sherman; b. England; d. Providence, 5 
Jan., 1666 ; md. Mary , who d. 1679. 

(4) Daniel Gardner, of Gardner's Lake, fourth son of 
Stephen Gardner (3), b. 14 Dec, 1709; d. Gardner's 
Lake, 31 May, 1755 ; md. 1735, Bathsheba, dau. of James 
and Elizabeth (Rogers) Smith, of New London, Conn. 
Children b. New London. 

1. Bathsheba, b. 20 Oct., 1736; md. John Way. 

(5) II. Daniel, b. 9 Oct., 1738 ; md. Elizabeth Clark. 

III. Preserved, b. 29 Jan., 1741. 

IV. William, b. 20 Mar., 1743 ; md. Sarah Randall. 

V. Stephen, b. 25 April, 1745. 

VI. Anna, b. 7 Sept., 1748. 

VII. James, b. 19 Nov., 1750. 

VIII. Selvester, b. 29 April, 1753. 

IX. Elizabeth, b. 2 July, 1755 ; md. Daniel Wylie. 

Ancestry of Bathsheba (Smith) Gardner. 
(1) Richard Smith, of Lyme, immigrant; b. England; 
d. Lyme, Conn. ; md. 4 March, 1669, BATHSHEBA, dau. of 
James and Elizabeth (Rowland) Rogers, of New 
London. 

11 



(2) JAMES SMITH, son Of Richard (D, b 4 April, 
1674- d. New London, 30 Oct., 1750; md. 8 Jan., 1701 

ELIziBETH, dau. of JONATHAN and NAOMI (BURDICK) 

Rogers, of New London. 

(3) Bathsheba Smith, dau. of James (2), md. 1735, 
Daniel Gardner. 

(1) James Rogers, of New London, immigrant, b. 
England, 1615 ; d. New London, 1687 ; md. Elizabeth 
Rowland. 

(2) Jonathan Rogers, son of James (1), b. 31 
Dec, 1665; d. 1687; md. Naomi, dau. of Robert Burdick, 
immigrant, who md. Ruth Hubbard. 
(3) Elizabeth Rogers, dau. of Jonathan (2), md. 

8 Jan., 1701, James Smith. 

(5) Daniel Gardner IL, eldest son of Daniel (4), b. 

9 Oct. 1738; d. Gardner's Lake, 12 May, 1806; md. 6 July, 
1763 Elizabeth Clark, of New London, who d. Gard- 
ner's Lake, 12 July, 1806. Children b. Gardner s Lake. 

(6) L Daniel m.,b. 10 May, 1764; md. Anne 

Crocker. 

II. Clark, b. 24 Nov., 1766 ; md. Elizabeth Har- 

din. 

III. Ebenezer, b. 17 April, 1768. 

IV. Jabez, b. 2 Sept., 1770 ; md. Catherme Gard- 

ner. 

V. Elizabeth, b. 24 Aug., 1772; md. 

Warner. 

VI. Silvester, b. 26 Mar., 1775. 

VII. Charles, b. 2 Mar., 1778. 

VIII. Nicholas, b. 27 Mar., 1779 ; md. Sarah Wright. 

IX. A twin dau., b. 27 Mar., 1779. 

Ancestry of Elizabeth (Clark) Gardner has not been 
traced. 

(6) Daniel Gardner III.,eldest son of Daniel 11.(5) 
b. 10 May, 1764 ; d. Gardner's Lake, 25 July, 1789 ; md. 1 
July, 1787, Anne, dau. of Asa and Elizabeth (Vose) 
Crocker, of Franklin, Conn. Children b. Gardner's Lake. 

I. Giles, b. 1788 ; md. Fluva Fish. 

(7) II. Daniel IV., b. 11 Oct., 1789; md. Prudence 
Whipple. 

Anne. md. (2) 1 Feb., 1797, John Crocker, of Leba- 
non, N. H. Children b. Lebanon, d. young, except Gard- 
ner Crocker, late of Johnstown, Ohio, and Prudence La- 

12 



throp (Crocker) Ailing, late of Rochester, N. Y. 

Giles Gardner, eldest son of, DANIEL III (6), b. 1788; 
md. Fluva Fish, and settled at Palmyra, N. Y. About 
1835 he removed to some point west. Have no further 
trace of him. 

Ancestry of Anne (Crocker) Gardner. 

(1) Thomas Crocker, immigrant, b. England, about 
1630; d. New London, 18 Jan., 1716; md. Rachel, dau. of 
George Chappel, immigrant. Children b. New London. 

(2) Samuel Crocker, third son of Thomas (1), b. 27 
July, 1676; d. Franklin, Conn., 29 Aug., 1754; md. 30 
Dec, 1697, Hannah Wolcott, of New London. Children, 
b. Franklin. 

(3) Jabez Crocker, third son of Samuel (2) ; b. 31 
Aug., 1702; md., 25 Feb., 1723, Ruth, dau. of Thomas 
and Mary (Howlett) Hazen, of Franklin. Children 
b. Franklin. 

(4) Asa Crocker, second son of Jabez (3), b. 20 June, 
1729; md. 4 July, 1757, Elizabeth Vose. Children b. 
Franklin. 

(5) Anne Crocker, youngest dau. of Asa (4), b. 27 
Oct., 1767 ; d. Rochester, N. Y., 14 Dec, 1835 ; md. 1 July, 
1787, Daniel Gardner III. 

Ancestry of Ruth (Hazen) Crocker. 

(1) Sergeant Thomas Hazen, immigrant, and one 
of the ten first settlers of Ipswich, Mass., in 1632 ; b. Eng- 
land ; d. Ipswich. Children b. Ipswich. 

(2) Edward Hazen, son of Thomas (1) ; d. Rowley, 
Mass.; md. 1650, Hannah, dau. of Thomas and Hannah 
Grant, of Rowley. Children b. Rowley. 

(3) Thomas Hazen, son of Edward (2),b 29 Feb., 
1657 ; d. Franklin, 12 April, 1735 ; md. Mary, dau. of 
Thomas Howlett. Children b. Franklin. 

(4) Ruth Hazen, dau. of Thomas (3) ; b. 1700; d. 
Franklin, 18 July, 1739; md. 25 Feb., 1723, Jabez 
Crocker. 

(7) Daniel Gardner IV., second son of Daniel, III 
(6), b. 11 Oct. 1789; d. Johnstown, Ohio, 23 Mar., 1842; 
md. 17 Jan. 1813, Prudence, dau. of Thomas and Cath- 
arine (Jeffery) Whipple, of New London. Children b. 
Ware House Point, Conn. 

(14) I. Sabrina Crocker, b. 18 Feb., 1814; md. Jonathan 
Wells Atwood. 

13 



(8) II. Daniel V.,b. 18 Dec, 1815; md, Mary Jose- 

phine Hodges. 

(15) III. Charles Merritt, b. 12 Sept., 1817; md. Amey 

Coleman. 

(16) IV. Prudence Maria, b. 25 Aug., 1819; md. Jona- 

than Smith. 

(17) V. Eunice Ann, b. 10 Jan., 1823; md. Andrew 

Stevens. 

(18) VI. Thomas Brownell, b. 24 Oct., 1824; md. Su- 

san Townsend. 

(19) VII. George Christopher, b. 19 Sept., 1827; md. 

Narcissa Rice. 

(20) VIII. Anson James, b. 13 Sept., 1831; md. Mary 

Elizabeth Watson. 

Ancestry of Prudence (Whipple) Gardner. 

Thomas Whipple, of New London, b. 1748 ; d. New 
London, 4 Oct., 1804 ; md. 13 Sept., 1773, Catherine, dau. 
of Isaac Jeffery, of New London. His nine children b. 
New London between the years 1774 and 1795. His an- 
cestry has not been definitely traced. 

Prudence Whipple, fourth dau. of Thomas, next 
above, b. 19 Nov., 1792; d. Johnstown, Ohio, 28 Aug., 
1865 ; md. Daniel Gardner IV. 

Isaac Jeffery, of New London, b. England; d.New 

London, about 1800. He came to America about 1750, 

and his two children were probably b. in England 

Moses b. probably 1748. He md. and reared a family in 

New London, and returned to England after the death of 

his father. 

Catherine Jeffery, b. Oct., 1749, md. Thomas 
Whipple. 

(8) Daniel Gardner v., eldest son of Daniel, IV. 
(7), b. 18 Dec, 1815; d. Champaign, 111., 13 Feb., 1883; 
md. 6 April, 1840, Mary Josephine, dau. of Thomas 
Cheney and Olive (Tyler) Hodges, of Homer, Ohio. 
Children b. Johnstown, except one. 

1. Frederick Cheney, b. 25 Dec, 1841 ; d. 20 Dec, 
1842. 

(9) II. Emily Cheney, b. 26 July, 1843; md. Henry 

Swannell. 

(10) III. Dick Hodges, b. 8 Nov., 1847; md. Ella M. 

Angle. 

(11) IV. Olive Augusta, b. 25 July, 1852; md. N. Ash- 

ley Lloyd. 

(12) V. V\^illis Smith, b. 21 April, 1856; md. Annie M. 

Somers. 

(13) VL Jessie, b. 27 April, 1863. 

14 



Ancestry of Mary (Hodges) Gardner 

(1) William Hodges, of Taunton, immigrant, b. Eng- 
land; d. Taunton, Mass., 2 April, 1654; md. Mary, dau. of 
Henry and Mary Andrews, of Taunton. Children b. 
Taunton. 

(2) I. John, b. 1650; md. Elizabeth Macey. 
II. Henry, b. 1654 ; md. Ester Gallop. 

Henry Andrews, immigrant, one of the original pur - 
chasers; b. England; d. Taunton. 

(2) John Hodges, eldest son of William (1), b. 1650: 
d. Taunton, 1719 : md. 15 May, 1672, Elizabeth, dau. of 
George and Susannah (Street) Macey, of Taunton. 
Children b. Taunton. 

I. John, b. 5 Apr., 1673; md. Mercy Tisdale. 

II. Nathaniel, b. 2 April, 1675; md. Hannah 

III. Samuel, b. 20 May, 1678; md. Experience 

Leonard. 

(3) IV. William, b. 6 June, 1682; md. Hannah Tis- 

dale. 

V. George, b. 27 Nov., 1685. 

VI. Ebenezer, b. 13 May, 1687. 

VII. Nathan, b. 23 Oct., 1690 ; md. Experience Wil- 

liams. 

Elizabeth (Macey) Hodges, dau. of George Macey, 
immigrant, one of the original purchasers ; b. England ; d. 
Taunton. 

Susannah (Street) Macey, dau. of Rev. Nicholas 
Street, of Taunton, who was son of James Street, 
immigrant, one of the original purchasers; b. England; 
d. Taunton. 

(3) William Hodges, fourth son of John (2), b. 6 

June, 1682; d. 23 June, 1766; md. 18 Feb., 1710, Hannah, 
dau. of Joseph and Mary (Leonard) Tisdale. Children 
b. Taunton. 

(4) I. George, b. 1711 ; md. Susannah Cobb. 

IL Abigail, b. 4 May, 1713 ; md. James Cook. He 
md. (2) Mary Clapp of Scituate. 

III. Job, b. 1721. 

IV. Elijah, b. 1724. 

V. Abijah, b. 1728. 
VL Mary, b. 1731. 

15 



Hannah (Tisdale) Hodges, dau of Joseph Tisdale, 
of Taunton, who was son of James, and gd. son of John 
Tisdale, immigrant ; b. England ; d. Duxbury, Mass. 

Mary (Leonard) Tisdale, dau. of Thomas Leon- 
ard, of Taunton, son of James LEONARD, who d.Taunton, 
and was doubtless b. England. 

(4) George Hodges, eldest son of William (3) ; b. 
1711; d. Western, now Warren, Mass., 1786; md. 27 July, 
1737, Susannah, dau. of Morgan and Susannah (Wil- 
lis) Cobb. Children b. Taunton. 

I George, b. 26 June, 1739. 

IL Silas, b. 11 Feb., 1741; md. Mary Bacon. 

HL Susannah, b. 1744. 

IV. Eikanah, b. 19 May, 1747 ; md. Roxalana North. 

(5) V. Daniel, b. 17 April, 1754; md. Rachel Rich. 
VL Leonard, b. 25 Mar., 1759; md. Sarah Spaf- 

ford. 
Susannah (Cobb) Hodges, dau. of Morgan Cobb, 
who was son of Augustine Cobb, a leading man of Taun- 
ton, and possibly himself an immigrant b. England. 

Susannah (Willis) Cobb, dau. of Joseph Willis, of 
Taunton, who was son of John Willis, immigrant, one of 
the first settlers of Duxbury, Mass. 

Joseph Willis md. dau. of Thomas Lincoln, im" 
migrant of Hingham., Mass., in 1635. 

(5) Daniel Hodges, fourth son of George (4), b. 17 
April, 1754; d. Western, 11 Dec, 1829; md. 23 June, 1781, 
Rachel, dau. of Thomas and Huldah (Cheney) Rich, 
of Western. Children b. Western. 

(6) L Thomas Cheney, b. 19 May, 1784; md. Olive 

Tyler, 
n. Adolphus, b. 19 Sept., 1786; md. Typhena 
Tyler. 

III. George, b. 27 Sept., 1790; md. Nancy D. 

Moore. 

IV. Susan, b. 28 Sept., 1792 ; md. Thomas Tyler. 

V. Daniel, b. 20 Jan., 1796; md. Elizabeth Baker. 
VL Mary, b. 3 May, 1798 ; md. Baxter C. Minott. 
Vn. Brutus, b. 17 May, 1801; md. Maria Augusta 

Hamilton. 

VHL Solon, twin, b. 17 May, 1801. 

IX. Seraph, b. 15 Aug., 1804; md. Holmes Ami- 
down. 

Rachel (Rich) Hodges, b. 30 Nov., 1761; d. War- 
ren, Mass., 3 Jan., 1844, was dau. of ThOxMAS Rich, a very 
prominent man in Western, whose ancestry has not been 
traced, but without doubt will trace to some early English 
immigrant. 

16 



Ancestry of Huldah (Cheney) Rich. 

(1) William Cheny, immigrant, a land-holder of Rox- 
bury before 1640. 

(2) Thomas Cheney, son of William (1) ; md. Rox- 
bury, 11 Jan., 1685, Jane Atkinson. 

(3) Thomas Cheney, son of Thomas (2), b. 25 Dec, 
1658 ; md. 24 Sept. 1684, Hannah Woodie. 

(4) John Cheney, son of Thomas (3), b. Roxbury. 
about 1703; estate administered, V/estern, 25 May, 1770; 
md. Mary — , who d. Western, 1790. 

(5) Huldah Cheney, dau. of John (4) ; md. Thomas 
Rich. 

In 1834 the name of Western was changed to War- 
ren, Mass. 

(6) Thomas Cheney Hodges, eldest son of Daniel 
(5) ; b. 19 May, 1784; d. Homer, Ohio, 1872; md. 1 June. 
1806, Olive, dau. of Abner and Bethia (Muzzy) Tyler. 
of Western, Mass. Children b. Western, except last two, 
b. at Palmer, Mass. 

I. Cassandana, b. 28 April, 1807; md. Dr. John 

Baxter. 

II. Ruth, b 26 Oct., 1808; md. Dr. John Baxter. 

III. George Holland, b. 5 April, 1810; md. Cath- 

erine Phinney. 

IV. Lucien, b. 23 April, 1813; md. Sarah H. 

Phillips. 

V. Rachel Rich, b. 1 June, 1815; unmarried. 

(7) VI. Mary Josephine, b. 11 Oct., 1817; md. Daniel 
Gardner. 

VII. Olive Cheney, b. 5 Mar., 1820; md. Franklin 

Drury. 

VIII. Augusta, b. 25 July, 1822; md. Leonard 

Warren. 

(7) Mary Josephine Hodges, fourth dau. of Thomas 
Cheney (6), b. 11 Oct., 1817; d. Champaign, 111., 1 Jan., 
1885 ; md. 5 April, 1840, Daniel Gardner. 

Ancestry of Olive (Tyler) Hodges. 

(1) Job Tyler, immigrant, b. England; d. Andover, 
Mass. The actual first settler of Andover, in advance of 
its official settlement in 1640. 

(2) Quartermaster MosES Tyler, son of Job (1) ; md. 
Prudence, dau. of George Blake, of Gloucester, Mass. 

(3) Captain John Tyler, son of Moses (2), b. 1669; 
d. 1756; md. 14 Nov., 1695, Ann Messenger, b. 1678; d. 

17 



1745; dau. of John Messenger, of Charleston, who wa& 
son of Henry Messenger, of Boston, immigrant. 

(4) Deacon John Tyler, son of John (3), b 6 Nov., 
1696; d. Western; md. Sarah Barron, of Canterbury, 
Conn., b. 29 Sept., 1695 ; dau. of Isaac and Sarah Bar- 
ron, of Chelmsford, Mass. Isaac was son of Moses Bar- 
ron, of Chelmsford, who was son of Ellis Barron, immi- 
grant, of Watertown, Mass. 

(5) Lieutenant Abner Tyler, son of John (4), b. 
1738; d. Western, 1 Mar., 1819; md. 1 Dec, 1774, Beth- 
lAH Muzzy, b 22 June, 1754; d. 22 Oct., 1850; dau. of 

John Muzzy, of Spencer, Mass., son of Muzzy, 

who was son of Benjamin Muzzy, of Lexington. He was 
son of Benjamin Muzzy, immigrant, of Maiden, Mass. 

(6) Olive (Tyler) Hodges, dau. of Abner (5), b. 2 
Oct., 1782; d. Warren, Mass., 5 Aug., 1846; md. 1 June. 
1806, Thomas Cheney Hodges. 



18 



Descendants of Daniel and Mary (Hodges) Gardner 

(9) Emily Cheney Gardner, eldest dau., b. 26 July, 
1843; md. 22 Oct., 1866, Henry Swannell, of Cham- 
paign. Now living at Champaign, and children were born 

there. 

I. Mary Swannell, b. 2 Mar. 1869; md. (1) 4 
June, 1890, John Walter Taylor, Chief Engineer 
of the St. Louis Terminal Railway, who d. 26 Dec. 
1902, killed in an accident on the company's lines, 
and whose appointment as General Manager had 
been made the day previous. She md. (2) 14 Aug., 
1907 Ives Emanuel Cobb, and now lives in San 

p't'5? TIP! '>PO (^i-ll 

n. Daniel Gardner Swannell, b. 16 Jan., 1875 ; md. 
4 Oct., 1899, Frances Edith, b. 19 June, 1875, dau. 
of Gilbert and Elizabeth Temple, of Clinton, Iowa. 
Now living in Champaign, and children were born 
there. 

1. Marion Swannell, b. 21 June, 1901. 

2. Helen Isabel Swannell, b. 28 June, 1904. 

(10) Dick Hodges Gardner, eldest son, b 8 Nov., 1847: 
md. 8 Feb., 1871, Ella M., b. Truxton, N. Y., 3 Mar., 1848. 
diu. of Charles Willis and Mary (Patrick) Angle, of 
Champaign, 111. Now living Chicago, 111., 7643 Union Ave. 
Children were born in Champaign, and in Piatt Co., 111. 

I. Bertha Emily Gardner, b. Champaign, 11 Nov., 
1871; d. Denver, Col., 24 Feb., 1898, unmd. 

II. Katherine Willis Gardner, b. Piatt Co., III., 
30 Mar., 1873. 

III. Jessie Angle Gardner, b. Piatt Co., 13 Sept., 
1878. 

IV. Bradley Charles Gardner, b. Champaign, 12 
June, 1884; md. 1 Oct., 1913, Bessie, b. 13 Mar., 1888, 
dau. of England Johnston and Matilda (Leard) Bark- 
er, of Chicago, 111. Now living Chicago. 

(11) Olive Augusta Gardner, second dau., b. 25 July, 
1852 ; md. 20 Mar., 1877, Nelson Ashley Lloyd, son of 
Nelson and Sophia (Webster) Lloyd, of Newport. Ky. 
Now living Elmhurst Place, Cincinnati, Ohio. One dau. 
born Cincinnati. 

I. Marcia Olive Lloyd, b. 17 Mar., 1882; md. 19 
Oct. 1904, George Edward Mills, son of Edward 
and Henrietta (Flinn) Mills, of Norwood, Ohio. Now 
living Cincinnati, and children b. there. 

1. Mary Lloyd Mills, b. 28 Dec, 1905. 

2. Edward Lloyd Mills, b. 19 May, 1907. 

3. Olive Lloyd Mills, b. 30 Dec, 1912. 

/ / 19 ^. 



(12) Willis Smith Gardner, younger son, b. 21 April, 
1856 ; md. 15 July, 1879, Annie M., b. Aug., 1859, dau. of 
John H. and Sarah (Fitzpatrick) Somers, of Urbana, 111. 
Now living Clinton, Iowa. One son b. Onawa, Iowa. 

I. Daniel Gardner, son of Willis Smith (12), b. 5 

May, 1880 ; md. 3 Aug., 1907, Eva, b. 19 May, 1882, 

dau. of Ely J. and Minnie ( Dickinson ) Eardwell, of 

Chicago. Now living in Chicago. One son b. Chicago. 

1. Willis Eardwell Gardner, b. 5 May, 1908. 

(13) Jessie Gardner, youngest dau., b. Champaign, 111., 
27 April, 1863. Now living Elmhurst Place, Cincinnati, 
Ohio. 

Other Descendants of Daniel Gardner IV (7^ 

(14) Sabrina Crocker Gardner, eldest dau. of Daniel 
IV. (7), b. 18 Feb., 1814; d. Mesopotamia, Ohio, 20 Feb., 
1899; md. Johnstown, 1 Mar., 1835, Jonathan Wells 
Atwood. Children : 

I. Betsey Irmilda Atwood, b. 3 Nov., 1836; md. 
Johnstown, 9 Sept., 1857, ORRIS P. Laird, son of 
Andrew Laird, of Mesopotamia. 

1. Louis Leroy Laird, b. 9 June, 1858; d. 19 
May, 1874. 

2. Mary Cheney Laird, b. 27 Mar., 1860 ; md. 
5 Mar., 1889, Maynard E. Miller, son of Joseph 
Miller, of New Linne, Ohio. Children : 

1. Paul Miller. 

2. Orris Miller. 

3. Wayne Miller. 

4. Bessie Miller. 

5. Mina Miller, twins. 

3. Martin Wells Laird, b. 23 Dec, 1862; md. 
17 April, 1888, Della Gardnier, dau, of 

George of Mesopotamia. Children : 

1. Oro Laird. 

2. George Laird. 

II. Mary Cheney Atwood, b. 7 Sept., 1837; d. 30 
July, 1839. 

(15) Charles Merrit Gardner, second son of Daniel IV 
(7), b. 12 Sept., 1817; md. Amey Coleman, of Hartford', 
Ohio ; d. Johnstown, 23 Dec, 1893, without issue. 

(16) Prudence Maria Gardner, 2d dau. of Daniel IV 
(7), b. 25 Aug., 1819; d. Johnstown, 27 Jan., 1867; md. 
19 Jan., 1839, Jonathan Smith, b. 10 Nov., 1805; d Mc- 
Minnville, Tenn., 6 Nov., 1894, son of Henry and Sarah 
Smith, of Newark, Ohio. Children b. Johnstown. 

20 



I. Henry Daniel Smith, b. 23 June, 1841 ; d. Apple- 
ton, Wis., 26 April, 1909 ; md. 28 April, 1869, ELIZA- 
BETH, b. 12 Sept., 1841, dau. of Halsey and J-jne 
Decker, of Paterson, N. J. One dau. b. Appleton. 

1. Mabel Wells Smith, b. 27 Oct.. 1874; md. 
27 July, 1898, Raymond Russell Bradley. 

II. George Smith, b. 27 Sept., 1846. 

III. Charles Brownell Smith, b. 13 Dec, 1848 ; md. 
29 April, 1874, Hattie Louise Mead. Now living 

Elkhart, Ind. No children. 

IV. Sarah Sabrina Smith, b. 14 Aug., 1850; md. 
1869, Henry Stubblefield. of McMinnville, Tenn. 
Children, b. McMinnville. 

1. Jonathan Smith Stubblefield. 

2. Henry Perry Stubblefield. 

3. William J. Stubblefield. 

V. Jonathan Wells Smith, b. 20 Sept., 1852; md. 
15 Sept., 1886, Katherine Griswold, of Appleton, 
Wis. Now living Boulder, Colo. No children. 

(17) Eunice Ann Gardner, youngest dau. of Daniel 
IV .(7), b. 10 Jan., 1823; d. Johnstown, 22 Feb., 1907; 
md. 28 Mar., 1844, Andrew Stevens, b. 23 Sept., 1819: 
d. Johnstown, 25 April, 1868, son of Peter and Lucy 
(Bambrau) Stevens, of Johnstown. Children b. Johns- 
town. 

I. Frederick Stevens, b. 17 April, 1845 ; now living 
at Johnstown. 

II. Edwin Stevens, b. 30 June, 1848 ; now living in 
Idaho. One daughter. 

1. Lucy Stevens. 

III. Lucy Stevens, b. 30 Sept., 1851 ; d. Johnstown, 
6 April, 1891 ; md. 17 Oct., 1877, Will Norman 
Paige, b. 24 Nov., 1851; d. Johnstown, 2 May, 1890; 
son of Dr. William Franklin and Sophronia (Buxton) 
Paige, of Johnstown. One son now living Johnstown. 

1. Frank Stevens Paige, b. 14 Dec, 1879. 

IV. Peter Stevens, b. 30 Dec, 1853; d. 12 June, 
1875, unmd. 

V. John Stevens, b. 13 Oct., 1856; d. 19 April, 
1905, unmd. 

VL Daniel Stevens, b. 8 May, 1859; d. 19 Oct., 
1893, unmd. 

(18) Thomas Brownell Gardner, third son of Daniel 
IV. (7), b. 24 Oct., 1824; d. Silver Bow, Montana, 1 Aug., 
1903; md. 1 Nov., 1868, Susan Townsend, b. 9 June, 

21 



1838, dau. of Samuel and Rebecca Townsend, of Penna. 
Two sons b. and now living Silver Bow, Montana. 

I. Charles T. Gardner, b. 21 Oct., 1871. 

II. Turner M. Gardner, b. 24 Dec, 1872. 

(19) George Christopher Gardner, fourth son of Dan- 
iel IV. (7), b. 19 Sept., 1827; d. Johnstown, 8 Feb., 1894; 
md. 8 July, 1849, Narcissa Rice, b. Tyler Co., Va., 25 
Sept., 1830; d. Johnstown, 4 Feb. 1894. Children b. 
Johnstown. 

I. Mary Jane Gardner, b. 28 Nov., 1850 ; d. Patas- 
kala; md. 21 Oct., 1875, Franklin Coons, of Patas- 
kala, Ohio. One dau. b. Pataskala. 

1. Aimee Belle Coons, b. 1 Jan., 1877; md. 11 
July, 1895, H. H. King. One son, b. Pataskala. 
1. Byron Stanton King, b. 27 July, 1896., 

She md. (2) Charles Atkinson, of Pataskala, 

and has a son by him. 

II. Amy Ella Gardner, b. 21 Sept., 1855; md. 
Henry Hubbard, of Alexandria, Ohio. 

III. Eliza Luella Gardner, b. 1 May, 1860; md. 
Austin Stimson, of Alexandria, Ohio. One son. 

1. Ralph Stimson, b. Alexandria. 

IV. Dollie Belle Gardner, b 26 July, 1866 ; md. 29 
Oct., 1891, William Darlington Turner, of Chi- 
cago, 111. Children b. Chicago. 

1. Lucille Turner, b. 29 Aug., 1892. 

2. William Gardner Turner, b. 17 Oct., 1896. 

(20) Anson James Gardner, youngest son of Daniel 
IV. (7), b. 13 Sept., 1831; d. Indianapolis, Ind., 5 Jan., 
1907; md. 5 Jan., 1860, Mary Elizabeth Watson, b. 24 
Jan., 1840; d. 9 Jan., 1907; dau. of James G. and Lucy 
(McLain) Watson, of Farmer City, III. Children b. 
Farmer City. 

I. Alice Josephine Gardner, b. 3 Nov., 1860 ; md. 6 
June, 1888, Harry C. Martin, of Attica, Ind. One 
son b. Attica. 

1. Gardner Martin, b. 10 Jan., 1891. 

II. Fred Culver Gardner, b. 23 Aug., 1862; md. 
28 Nov., 1883, Cora Ella Davis, dau. of William 
Madison Davis, of Indianapolis. Children b. Indian- 
apolis. 

1. Mary Elizabeth Gardner, b. 20 June, 1896. 

2. Margaret Lucy Gardner, b. 7 Sept., 1898. 

III. Charles Clifford Gardner, b. 10 May, 1865. 

22 



PART TWO 

HISTORICAL 

AND 
BIOGRAPHICAL 



Gardner or Gardiner 

The name of Gardiner or Gardner, according to a 
generally accepted theory, is derived from two Saxon 
words : gar, signifying arms or weapons, and dyn, a noise ; 
hence, gardyn, a martial sound or alarm, the clashing of 
arms. The termination "er" gives the name Gardyner, 
denoting one accustomed or entitled to bear arms, and by 
a natural transition, we have Gardner, and Gardiner. 
This theory may be favorably received, because it denotes 
a less plebeian origin, than does another theory, or supposi- 
tion, that the name is derived from an occupation, as 
gardener — one who makes a garden, a horticulturist. In 
any case, however, it is an Anglo-Saxon name for an 
Anglo-Saxon tribe, and one untainted by a propensity 
toward crime, insanity, or constitutional cowardice. 

For hundreds of years, the Gardner families have 
been of the landed-gentry of England. Some have been of 
the nobility, but the great majority have been commoners. 
Many of them have gained distinction and high rank in 
the army, in the navy, and in other departments of the 
public service, while others have acquired eminence in the 
learned professions. The family was, probably, first 
established in the county of Lancaster and from there 
emigrated to and settled in many parts of England, Scot- 
land, and Ireland. The claim of the Lancashire Gardners 
— that they are the parent stock — seems to have founda- 
tion, as many of the prominent families of the name — in 
other parts — have a known Lancashire origin. Aldring- 
ham Hall, near Ulverstone, in Lancashire, has been the 
ancestral home of one Gardner family — possibly the main 
branch — for five hundred years. 

The Gardners are fully entitled to, and many have 
assumed, armorial bearings. In essential features, the 
descriptions of all Gardner arms are the same, with but 
little variation in design or coloring. The coat of arms 
here emblazoned, is an excellent general type of the many 
coats belonging to the various branches of the family in 
England. The same design was assumed — or appropri- 
ated — by members of the Narragansett family of Gar- 
diner, in America. 

26 




The accompanying- cut 
is a reproduction of an 
original engraving of 
the arms belonging to 
the Roche Court family 
of Gardiner, elsewhere 
mentioned. 

Arms : Or, on a chevron, 
gules, between three 
Ganimcr griffins' heads, erased, 

azure, two lions, counter-passant, of the field. 

Crest: a Saracen's head, couped at the shoulders, 
proper. 



Of Gardners of renown, in an early day, was Stephen 
Gardiner, Bishop of Winchester, born 1483, son of John 
Gardiner, a cloth weaver, of Bury Saint Edmonds. Be- 
fore his elevation to the Bishopric, he was secretary to the 
great Cardinal Wolsey. At the coronation of Queen 
Mary, the crown was placed on her head by the Bishop, 
and he was made Lord Chancellor, and Minister of State. 
He was a very learned man, and was called the friend of 
learning, in every form, and his house was called the seat 
of eloquence and the special abode of the Muses. He died 
in 1555, and was buried in his cathedral at Winchester, 
where his tomb is still to be seen. 

Colonel James Gardiner was a valiant Scottish soldier, 
whose death, in battle, is described by Sir Walter Scott, 
in Waverly. This battle, Preston Pans, was against the 
Pretender, and the field of battle was partly on the 
Colonel's own estate in Scotland. Colonel Gardiner was 
the son of Captain Patrick Gardiner, a man of large 
estate, who served many years in the army, and his 
mother, Mary Hodge, was from another family of soldiers. 
He was born in 1687 and died 21st September, 1745, 

William Gardner, of Coleraine, Ireland, and of a 
Lancashire family, commanded a company — within the 
walls — at the siege of Londonderry. 



27 



Allen Gardner, grandson of William Gardner, of 
Coleraine, ente-red into the Royal Navy in 1755 and be- 
came one of the most distinguished of British naval offi- 
cers. He had important commands, was in battle many 
times, and in 1799 had attained the high rank of Admiral 
of the Blue, and was created a Baronet of England. In 
1800, he was elevated to the peerage — as Baron Gardner — 
and died in 1809. 

Another Lancashire product was Charles John Gard- 
ner, Viscount Montjoy, and Earl of Blessington. He was 
an Irish landlord, living in London, \vith an immense 
income from his Irish estate. This he dissipated, and 
dying bankrupt, without issue, the titles became extinct. 

Sir William Gardiner, of Roche Court, Hants, who 
was descended from the Gardners anciently seated at 
Wigan, in Lancashire, was made a Knight of the Bath 
at the coronation of King Charles II. in 1660, and was 
created a Baronet the same year. From him are descend- 
ed the present Roche Court family. 

Richard Gardner (1591-1670), an English divine, 
chaplain to King Charles I, in 1630. 

Daniel Gardner (1750-1805), a painter, who attract- 
ed the attention of Sir Joshua Reynolds, and became fash- 
ionable for his small portraits done in oil or crayon. 

William Gardner (1766-1814), a skillful engraver, 
in Dublin. 

George Gardner (1812-1849), a Scottish botanist, 
author and explorer in South America. Died while ex- 
ploring in Ceylon. 

Samuel Rawson Gardiner (1829-1902), who, if not at 
the present time, will some day be classed as one of Eng- 
land's greatest historians. 

In colonial New England were a number of immi- 
grants, from England, by the name of Gardiner and 
Gardner, who came with the earliest settlers — prior to 
1650. How closely they were related, or to which branches 
of the family in England they belonged is not known. 
They were prominent in colonial affairs, and, with one ex- 
ception, reared families and have descendants living. 

28 



First came Richard Gardnear, in the Mayflower, 
1620. It is thought he died unmarried. 

In 1724 Thomas Gardner settled at Cape Ann. He 
was to oversee the planting in the colony, and for this rea- 
son has sometimes been called the first Governor of Massa- 
chusetts. He had grants of land at Danvers and Salem. 
His sons, Richard and John, having been excommunicated 
by the church at Salem for attending Quaker Meeting, 
went to the Island of Nantucket, where they were of the 
twenty associated proprietors of the island. 

Other early Massachusetts records are of Edmund 
Gardner, of Ipswich, in 1636; Thomas Gardner, of Rox- 
bury, in 1638 ; Richard Gardner, of Woburn, in 1642 ; John 
Gardner, of Hingham, in 1650, and of James Gardner, of 
Gloucester, in 1660. 

A picturesque figure of the times — but who should 
not be classed as an immigrant — was Sir Christopher 
Gardiner, for a short time at Boston in 1630, accompanied 
by his wife, a lovely, attractive woman. He wore a large 
Cavalier hat and cloak, and was never without his long 
Spanish rapier. It was thought that he was an agent of 
the church of Rome, or of the Spanish inquisition, and 
neither institution being of good repute, his stay was 
short. His coming and going, like the flight of a comet, 
attracted attention, and of him Longfellow wrote : 

"It was Sir Christopher Gardiner, 
Knight of the Holy Sepulchre, 
From Merry England over the sea, 
Who dropped upon this continent, 
As if his august presence lent 
A glory to this colony." 

A romantic personage was Lyon or Lion Gardiner, 
who came in 1635. A military engineer, he had served 
in Flanders with Lord Fairfax, and came to America to 
establish a colony in Connecticut. He built a fort at Say- 
brook — named for Lord Say and Seal, and Lord Brook, the 
proprietors — and was for four years the Governor. He 
then secured, by purchase from the Indians, an island in 
Long Island Sound, since called Gardiner's Island, which 

29 



purchase was confirmed by a grant, and the island was 
held for generations as an independent, entailed barony. 
The Lords of the Island in those days were quite the grand 
seignoirs, with the right of the high justice, the middle 
and the low. In 1788 Gardiner's Island was annexed to 
the state of New York, and is still owned in the family. 

George Gardiner, of Newport, Rhode Island, in 1638, 
founder of the Narragansett family, of whom presently, 
has probably more descendants than any other American 
Gardiner or Gardner. 

The Gardners in America have an honorable record, 
and since the first settlement of the country have helped 
to make history. They have produced many representa- 
tive men in many communities, and have been pioneers 
in the grand march of settlement across the continent, 
and have aided in the development of every state, from 
Maine to California. Some have been a credit to the 
name, in the army and navy, and in public office, while 
others have gained eminence in business and in profes- 
sional life. In the main, however, they have been land 
holders, and remained close to the soil. 

The subjoined list of Gardiners or Gardners of some 
note has not been selected as belonging to any one branch 
of the family, but rather on the theory that all of the 
name, of New England origin, are not only of one blood, 
but reared in the same environment and of one general 
type. 

Captain Joseph Gardner commanded the Salem Com- 
pany in King Philip's War. 

Colonel Thomas Gardner was a member of the Com- 
mittee of Safety in Boston. In May, 1775, he raised a 
regiment, and was killed at Bunker Hill in June of the 
same year. 

Ebenezer Gardner was also a member of the Com- 
mittee at Boston. 

Caleb Gardiner was a merchant and retired sea cap- 
tain of Newport. In 1775, he raised a company for Rich- 
mond's Regiment, and was made Lieutenant Colonel. 
Later, he was a member of the Council of War of Rhode 
Island. In 1778, when the French fleet of Count 

30 



d'Estaing was blockaded in Newport harbor by the greatly 
superior fleet of Lord Howe, Captain Gardiner, who knew 
all the passages of the harbor and bay from boyhood, 
offered his services, and piloted the French fleet to safety 
through an uncharted channel during a dense fog. In 
recognition of this great service, the French King sent 
Captain Gardiner a sum of money, with which he pur- 
chased an estate near Newport, and built a house, portions 
of which still remain in the cottage called Bateman's. 

John Lane Gardner (1793-1869), entered the army 
as Lieutenant, and served — with great credit — during the 
war of 1812, the Florida War, and in the war with 
Mexico, where he commanded his regiment, and where, 
at Contreras, he led the right column of attack. In 1860 
Colonel Gardner was in command of the forts in Charles- 
ton harbor. Though mustering less than fifty men in 
Fort Moultrie, he secured six months' supplies, and an- 
nounced his intention of defending his post, but vv^as 
immediately relieved by Secretary Floyd and ordered to 
Texas. He was made Colonel of the Second Artillery in 
1862, and retired in 1865 with the rank of Brigadier Gen- 
era] as reward for his long and faithful service. 

Charles K. Gardner (1787-1869), entered the army as 
Ensign and was made Captain in 1812, Colonel in 1815, 
Adjutant General in 1816, resigned in 1827. He was As- 
sistant Postmaster-General during Jackson's administra- 
tion, Auditor of the Treasury under Van Buren and Post- 
master of Washington under Polk. In 1850 he was trans- 
ferred to the Treasury Department, and resigned in 1867. 

William Henry Gardner (1800-1870), entered the 
navy as Midshipman in 1814, was Lieutenant in 1825, 
Commander in 1841, Captain in 1855. He had important 
commands, both at sea and ashore, and retired in 1862 
with the rank of Commodore. 

George Clinton Gardiner (1834-1914), at the age of 
sixteen, was employed by the U. S. Engineer Corp that 
established the Mexican boundary, and in 1856 was ap- 
pointed Assistant Surveyor and Astronomer, to run and 
mark the Northwestern boundary. Later, he was en- 
gaged in important railway work, and was the first to 
use nitroglycerine for submarine blasting. He was Gen- 

31 



eral Manager of Construction of the Mexican Central and 
of the Texas and Mexican Railways. In 1892, he was 
General Manager of the Ohio River Railroad, and later 
organized the Pacific Company of Peru, 

James Terry Gardiner (1842-) has made many geo- 
graphical and geological surveys for the government and 
for states and territories, and has done important con- 
structive work. Is a member of scientific societies, and 
has been secretary of the American Geographical Society. 
Holds the oflfice of Consulting Engineer for the Santa Fe, 
the Texas and Mexican, the Atlantic and Pacific, and the 
Mexican National Railways. 

Silvester Gardiner (1707-1786), physician, studied 
in Europe and returned to Boston with a degree of pro- 
fessional knowledge unexampled at that time in America. 
He soon acquired an extensive practice and became rich 
and influential. 

Augustus Kinsley Gardner (1821-1876), physician, 
studied in Europe, and returned to New York, where he 
introduced many reforms. He was the first, in America 
to give chloroform in labor, and practiced it successfully. 
He resigned his membership in the Academy of Physicians 
on being questioned as to his action in calling into consul- 
tation a homeopathic physician. 

Joseph Gardner, of Bedford, Indiana, physician and 
philanthropist. February 22, 1893, he gave, as a thank 
offering to humanity, to the American National Red Cross 
Association, a tract of seven hundred and eighty-two acres 
of land. Miss Clara Barton receiving it as President of 
the Association. 

John Gardiner (1731-1793), lawyer, was born in 
Boston, studied and practiced in London and in Wales, 
and at one time was Attorney General in the Island of 
St. Christopher, W. I. He was called the law reformer, 
and is remembered for his later eloquence in the Massa- 
chusetts Legislature. 

Asa Bird Gardiner (1839-), lawyer, soldier, military 
jurist and politician, was appointed Lieutenant of New 
York Volunteers in 1861, and in 1865 received the Medal 
of Honor for distinguished service. He was appointed 
Lieutenant of the Ninth U. S. Infantry. He had various 

32 



staff appointments, and was honorably discharged, on ac- 
count of disability. He was District Attorney of New 
York in 1897. He is a member of several patriotic socie- 
ties and the author of works on military jurisprudence. 

John Silvester John Gardiner (17G5-1830), clergy- 
man, was a man of uncommon talent, for many years 
Rector of Trinity Church in Boston, and of wide repute 
among the clergy of the land. 

George Warren Gardner (1828-1895), clergyman and 
educator, was a graduate of Dartmouth in 1852, and was 
President of Drake University of Iowa, in 1881. 

Henry Brayton Gardner (1863-) , educator, is Profes- 
sor of Political Economy at Brown University, and Vice 
President of the American Economic Association. 

Dorsey Gardiner (1824-1894), etymologist, was Sec- 
retary of the U. S. Centennial Commission in 1876, and 
private secretary to Director General Goshorn. He was a 
direct descendant — great grandson — of Captain Caleb 
Gardiner, of Newport, before mentioned. 

Henry J. Gardner (1819-1892) , was Governor of Mas- 
sachusetts in 1858. 

Elizabeth Jane Gardner (1842-),a talented American 
artist. 

Captain W. M. Gardner, born in Ohio, now living in 
England, is the inventor of the Gardner gun. 

Washington Gardner is U. S. Senator from Michigan. 

A. P. Gardner is Representative in Congress from 
Massachusetts. 

Among those of Gardner blood, but of other names, 
are: 

George Bancroft (1800-1891), historian. 

Wheeler Hazard Peckham (1833-), an eminent con- 
stitutional lawyer, was appointed — by President Cleveland 
— to the U. S. Supreme Court, in 1894, which appointment 
was not confirmed by the Senate, owing to his anti-ma- 
chine democracy. 

Rufus William Peckham (1838-), an American jurist, 
was Justice of the Supreme Court of New York, 1883 to 
1886, and in 1895 was appointed by President Cleveland 
to be Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the 
United States, which appointment was confirmed by the 
Senate. 



Morgan Gardner Bulkley (1837-), financier, Presi- 
dent of the U. S. National Bank of Hartford, 1872 to 1879 ; 
Mayor of Hartford, 1880 to 1888 ; Governor of Connecti- 
cut, 1889 to 1893, and President of the Aetna Life Insur- 
ance Company since 1879. 

THE NARRAGANSETT FAMILY. 

(1) George Gardiner, immigrant, was in Newport, 
R. I., in 1638 — the year of settlement — coming from Mas- 
sachusetts, where he had been a member of Plymouth 
Colony. The record of his appearance in Newport is as 
follows : 

"Newport, R. I., 1 Aug., 1638. George Gardiner was 
admitted an inhabitant of the Island of Aquidneck, having 
submitted himself to the government that is or shall be 
established." 

From this date until the time of his death, in 1677, 
his name appears frequently on the records, showing that 
he was in continuous residence, that he was active in the 
affairs of the colony and was prosperous. That he reared 
a large family of children, helped them to start in Hfe, and 
at his death left an estate to be divided, indicates much 
prosperity. 

The first settlers of Rhode Island were Quakers, and 
other non-conformists and dissenters, who had been driven 
from Massachusetts by the intolerance of the Puritan Con- 
gregational Church, as they had been driven from Eng- 
land by the intolerance of the established church. 
George Gardiner and his wife, Horodias, were members 
of the Society of Friends, and were certainly non-conform- 
ists. Their marriage was a common law marriage, a 
form much in use by the Quakers, and strictly legal under 
the English marriage laws. 5 May, 1665, he was before 
the Assembly upon petition of his wife, for divorce, which 
was granted. 

Horodias Gardiner was a remarkable woman, a leader 
in religion and society, and one of the strong characters 
of the times. Her own story, given in testimony, and the 
story of her persecution in Boston, go far to prove this. 
In fiction she has been pictured as a woman of culture and 
refinement, living in great style, for those times, and quite 

34 



the grand dame. After her divorce from George Gar- 
diner she married the wealthy and influential John Porter. 
The following extract from Bishop's "New England 
Judged" is interesting : 

"11 May, 1658, Horodias Gardiner — being the mother 
of many children — came with her babe at her breast from 
Newport to Weymouth, Mass., to deliver her religious tes- 
timony, for which she was carried to Boston, before Gov. 
Endicott, who sentenced her to be whipped with ten lashes, 
as well as her companion, Mary Stanton, who came with 
her to help bear her child. After the whipping with a 
three-fold knotted whip of cords she was continued for 
fourteen days longer in prison." The narrator (Bishop's 
"New England Judged") , says : "The woman came a very 
sore journey, and, according to man, hardly accomplisha- 
ble, through a wilderness of above sixty miles, from Rhode 
Island to Boston. After the savage, inhuman and bloody 
execution upon her of your cruelty, aforesaid, kneeled 
down and prayed the Lord to forgive you." 

Under the date of 11 July, 1790, William C. Gardiner 
made this entry in an old family Bible : "Joseph Gardiner, 
the youngest son of Sir Thomas Gardiner, Knight, came 
over among the first settlers and died in Kings county, 
Rhode Island State, aged 78 years. Born A. D. 1601, died 
A. D. 1679. Left six sons, viz. : Benoni, died 1731, aged 
104; Henry, died 1737, aged 101; Wm., died at sea, by 
pirates ; George lived to see 94 years ; Nicholas and Joseph 
lived also to a great age." This record, made more than 
one hundred years after the events it claims to record, 
attracted no attention for another period of fifty years, 
when, for some unknown reason, some few began to give 
it credence. 

Austin's "Genealogical Dictionary of Rhode Island" 
says : "It is evidently erroneous in many important par- 
ticulars, but not more so than traditionary statements of 
families are often found to be." 

Updike's "History of the Narragansett Church," 
which was published about this time, inserted the record, 
with other Narragansett records, without comment. The 
revised edition of this work, published in 1907, says : "It 
is now well ascertained that the originator of the Gardiner 
family of Narragansett and Newport was named George 

35 



rather than Joseph, as has been supposed by some. 
George Gardiner, like the remainder of the first settlers 
on the Island of Aquidneck, came immediately from Mas- 
sachusetts, but no account of him or of his family, previ- 
ously to his arrival in Rhode Island, is known to exist." 

Mrs. Caroline E. Robinson, late of Wakefield, Rhode 
Island, and than whom there was no higher authority on 
the genealogy of the Gardiner and other Narragansett 
famihes, said : ''This theory has no support, and its only 
foundation is the Sunday afternoon Bible entry of 11 July, 
1790, made by one Wm. C. Gardiner." 

No real estate transfers or other records are found 
in Newport relating to any Joseph Gardiner, except of 
Joseph, the son of George and Lydia (Ballou) Gardiner, 
his second wife, while on the other hand many are found 
which positively identify George Gardiner as the father 
of Benoni, Henry, George et al., and we must conclude in 
regard to Joseph that, like the immortal Sarah Gamp's 
mythical Mrs. Harris, "there ain't no sich person." 

(2) Benoni Gardiner, eldest son of George, No. 1, 
settled in Kingston, then called King's Town, where he 
died in 1731. He and his brothers, Henry, George, Wil- 
liam, Nicholas, and brother-in-law, John Watson, were 
there before 19 May, 1671, as all took the oath of allegi- 
ance on that day. On the 29 July, 1679, they, with 
thirty-six others of Narragansett, signed a petition to the 
King "praying that he would put an end to these differ- 
ences about the government thereof, which has been so 
fatal to the prosperity of the place ; animosities still aris- 
ing in the people's minds, as they may stand affected to 
this or that government." 

In Sept., 1705, "Benoni and his wife, Mary, deeded 
to son Nathaniel one hundred acres, being west half, &c., 
and on the same day deeded to son Stephen dwelling house, 
orchard, &c." 

On 17 Nov., 1705, "Benoni, Henry, George, William 
and Nicholas Gardiner and John Watson, all of King's 
Town, and Mary, Joan, Tabitha and Hannah Gardiner and 
Rebecca Watson, their wives, sold to John Porter four 
hundred and ten acres, &c." These records account for 
the five sons and two daughters of George and Herodias 
Gardner. Rebecca Watson was the younger daughter, 

36 

1151107 



and was the second wife of John Watson, Dorcas, the 
eldest daughter, having been his first wife. 

It is said that in testimony given in 1727 Benoni calls 
himself "aged ninety years and upward," but Austin says : 
"It may well be thought that he did not come so near as 
did his brother, Henry, in counting the lapse of time. 
In 1738 Henry Gardiner calls himself aged about ninety- 
three years, in a deposition as to membership of the 
Church of England in Narragansett." 

Originally, Narragansett comprised all of the country 
once occupied by the Narragansett Indians, including the 
islands in the bay. Trouble arose over jurisdiction, and 
in 1665 that part now comprised in Washington County, 
Rhode Island, was erected into an independent jurisdic- 
tion, and called "The King's Province." In 1726 it was 
again made a part of Rhode Island, as King's County, 
which, after the Revolution, was changed to the present 
name of Washington County. 

There was great prosperity in Narragansett, and con- 
ditions of life were widely different from the conditions in 
the other New England colonies. The Narragansett 
farmer was a planter, and his farm a plantation in size as 
well as in name. The style of living approached that of 
the landed-gentry of England, and was not equaled else- 
where in the English colonies in America, unless by the 
wealthy tobacco planters of Virginia. The wealth was 
in the land, and in the large flocks and herds ; the income 
from the sale of horses, cattle, sheep, grain and vast 
amounts of dairy products. The famous breed of "Nar- 
ragansett Pacers," much in demand for saddle use, origi- 
nated here. All of this was made possible by the great 
fertility of the soil and accessibility to the Atlantic coast 
markets, including the West Indies and South America. 
The social life and generous living was produced by the 
universal custom of African and Indian slavery, and, to 
a certain extent, by the establishment of the Church of 
England in Narragansett. 

Narragansett today is given up almost entirely to 
pleasure-seekers, and generous living still obtains, but the 
old families of Robinson, Hazard, Remington, Jenkins, 

37 



Congdon, Gardiner and many others have widely scat- 
tered, and but few remain. 

The Gardiners shared in the general prosperity in 
Narragansett. They were, perhaps, more numerous than 
any other family, and became rich and influential. They 
built large houses (one of the family was known as four- 
chimney Amos), and many large memorial houses built 
by them are still standing in South Kingston. They fol- 
lowed the custom of the country regarding slavery, and 
many of them, despite their non-conformist, Quaker line- 
age, affiliated with the Church of England on its establish- 
ment in Narragansett. The plat of the first church, St. 
Paul's, shows six Gardiner pews out of a total of twenty- 
six, and the first Rector, Dr. McSparren, married a daugh- 
ter of William Gardiner, son of Benoni. 

A son of this William was Dr. Silvester Gardiner, of 
Boston, before mentioned, possibly the most skilled sur- 
geon and learned physician of his time in America. He 
was one of the founders of King's Chapel in Boston, and 
the founder of the town of Gardiner, Maine, where he had 
large tracts of land. During the Revolution, being a de- 
termined loyalist, he was banished from the country, and 
his estates in Massachusetts and Connecticut were con- 
fiscated, leaving him only his lands in Maine. After the 
war he returned to America and lived at Newport, where 
he died in 1786. 

(3) Stephen Gardiner, eldest son of Benoni, No. 2, 
born in Kingston in 1677, married Amey Sherman in 
1700, and died at Gardner's Lake, Connecticut, 9 Febru- 
ary, 1743. In 1731, having disposed of his holdings in 
Kingston, he removed, with his family, to Connecticut, and 
settled near what has since been known as Gardner's Lake 
— a small body of water in New London County, near 
Norwich, and bordered by the towns of Bozrah, Col- 
chester and Montville. This was the first radical change 
of location made by any of the descendants of George — 
the immigrant — since he settled at Newport in 1638, near- 
ly one hundred years earlier. Individual cases, perhaps, 
but this was a family of fourteen, starting westward into 
the wilderness on the quest of a new country, cheaper land 
and greater opportunities. He secured the land, in many 

38 



tracts in the towns bordering the lake, and it is thought 
that his house was in that part of Colchester which is 
now the town of Salem. It is not positively known just 
where his sons and grandsons settled, and when Gardner's 
Lake is given herein as a residence, birthplace or place 
of death, it may mean any one of the towns named. 

His reason, if any, for the change in the spelling of 
his name is not known, but probably the change was acci- 
dental and gradual. Some years since, this matter was 
investigated by the Hon. James N. Arnold, statistician, of 
Providence, for former Governor Morgan Gardner Bulk- 
ley, of Connecticut. Mr. Arnold's report was kindly 
loaned to this writer by Governor Bulkley, and in part is 
as follows: 

"In Kingston the records show that in 1705 Benoni 
Gardiner deeded land to his son, Stephen, and that in 
1731 Stephen deeded the same land to John Watson, sign- 
ing the deed Stephen Gardiner, of South Kingston. Other 
deeds of this date were found for lands in Colchester, 
Connecticut, bought by Stephen Gardner, of South Kings- 
ton." 

"In Colchester, deeds were found dated 1733, signed 
by Stephen Gardner, of Norwich, and from this time 
to 1742 he appears on the records as Stephen Gardner, 
buying lands in Colchester, Bozrah and Montville. His 
tombstone in the cemetery near Gardner's Lake was 
cleaned, and this inscription deciphered: 'Here lyes ye 
body of Stephen gardner who died february ye 9 1743 
and in ye 76 year of his age.' " 

There is no evidence that he affiliated with the Church 
of England in Narragansett, the marriages of his children 
being on record, some with the Society of Friends in 
Kingston and others with the Congregational Churches 
in Connecticut, and from this time, for several genera- 
tions, the family appears to have held with this church. 

Amey (Sherman) Gardiner, wife of Stephen, No. 3, 
was from another non-conformist Quaker family. Her 
grandfather, Philip Sherman, came to Rhode Island in 
1638, the year of the settlement, from Massachusetts, 
where he had been for several years a member of Ply- 
mouth Colony. He settled at Portsmouth, and was the 

39 



first secretary of the Colony of Rhode Island, and during 
his life was very active in colonial affairs. He was born 
in Dedham, Essex County, England, and his father, Sam- 
uel Sherman, was the English ancestor of many distin- 
guished Americans, among whom were Roger Sherman, 
the signer; General William T. Sherman and his brother, 
John Sherman, of Ohio, and Philip Sherman was himself 
the American ancestor of that other great soldier, Gen- 
eral Thomas W. Sherman, who was born at Newport in 
1813, graduated from West Point in 1836 and served con- 
tinuously in the army until his retirement, in 1870, with 
the rank of Major General. 

Benjamin Sherman, son of Philip and father of 
Amey, was also of Portsmouth. He married Hannah, 
daughter of Roger Mowry, of Providence, who was a 
cousin of Roger Williams. 

(4) Daniel Gardner, fourth son of Stephen Gardner, 
No. 3, was born in Kingston, 14 December, 1709. He 
married, 1735, Bathsheba Smith, and settled at Gardner's 
Lake, where he died 31 May, 1755. He was a farmer, 
who acquired property, and whose will is on file at Nor- 
wich. 

The ancestry of his wife, Bathsheba (Smith) Gard- 
ner, is marked by two lines leading to James Rogers, of 
Nev/ London, her father, James Smith, having married 
Elizabeth Rogers, his cousin. James Rogers, of New 
London, was one of the noted men of his time. He was 
born in England, about 1615, came to America — in the 
ship Increase — in 1635, and was first known in New 
Haven County, Connecticut, where he married Elizabeth 
Rowland. He soon removed to New London, where he 
was an active, aggressive man of business, and was known 
as the wealthiest man of New London. He gained more 
notoriety, however, from his independence or dissension 
in matters of religion, when, after seceeding from the 
First Congregational Church of New London, he founded 
a sect or church called Seventh-Day Baptists, or Roger- 
ines. His son, Jonathan, and his daughter, Bathsheba, 
were leaders in this movement, and of Bathsheba, Miss 
Caulkins, the historian, says: "Like her father, she in- 
vited persecution, and received it." Robert Burdick, 

40 



whose daughter, Naomi, married Jonathan Rogers, was 
an elder in the Rogerine Church. 

Richard Smith, of Lyme, who married Bathsheba 
Rogers, was born in England, and died in 1682. He was 
a prominent man in Lyme and in New London County. 

(5) Daniel Gardner II., eldest son of Daniel Gardner, 
No. 4, was born 9 October, 1738, and hved his entire life 
at Gardner's Lake, where he died 12 May, 1806. He mar- 
ried, 6 July, 1763, Elizabeth Clark, of New London, who 
was born in 1735, and died 12 July, 1806. Both are 
buried in the cemetery on a Gardner farm near Gardner's 
Lake. He was also a farmer, and acquired property, as 
is attested by his will on file at Norwich, and in which he 
mentions: "My grandson, Giles, son of my son, Daniel, 
and my grandson, Daniel, son of my son, Daniel." 

At this time in New England there were numerous 
Elizabeth Clarks, but it has been impossible to identify 
the one who married Daniel Gardner. The writer has 
searched diligently, as have others, with as little success, 
and can say, with Lord Dundreary, "This is one of the 
things that no fellow can find out." 

In 1781, when Arnold raided New London and burned 
the public buildings, all records were destroyed except 
some church records, and there has been found only the 
record of her marriage, at the First Congregational 
Church. 

(6) Daniel Gardner III., eldest son of Daniel Gard- 
ner II., No. 5, was born 10 May, 1764, married, 1 July, 
1787, Anne Crocker, and died 25 July, 1789. The record 
of his death is found in Windham County, and he may 
have gone there after his marriage, but, if so, he had not 
permanently located there, and after his death his widow 
lived at Gardner's Lake, and in Franklin, until her sec- 
ond marriage. He enlisted, in 1781, in the 20th Con- 
necticut Regiment, and served in that year and in 1782. 
The record of enlistment reads: "Daniel Gardner 2nd," 
and it has been claimed for his father, but it probably 
means Daniel Gardner, Jr., who was of better age for 
military service than was his father. Mrs. Atwood, No. 
14, was very positive that her grandfather, Daniel III., 
and not his father, Daniel II., was the revolutionary 

41 



soldier. 

Anne (Crocker) Gardner, wife of Daniel Gardner 
III., had the reputation, among those who knew her, of 
having been a remarkably able and efficient woman, and 
of having lived a most strenuous life. She was born in 
Franklin, Connecticut, 27 October, 1767; married Daniel 
Gardner 1 July, 1787; and was left a widow at the age 
of twenty-two, with two children — one of them born six 
weeks after the death of her husband. She married, 
secondly, 1 February, 1797, John Crocker, and went to 
live, in a then new country, at Lebanon, New Hampshire, 
leaving her two sons with their grandfather, Daniel II. 
After the death of John Crocker, in 1808, she returned to 
Connecticut with two young children, having buried four 
in New Hampshire. With her two older sons she lived 
at Lyme, West Haddam, and Ware House Point. About 
1815, she moved to Palmyra, and from there to Rochester, 
New York, where she died 14 December, 1835. In 
Rochester, both she and her daughter, Mrs. Prudence 
(Crocker) Ailing, were noted for their charities and 
church work. 

Her ancestry — as shown in Part One — is the New 
England type, and authentic. Thomas Crocker, the im- 
migrant, was bom in England about 1630, and was in 
New London in 1660. He bought a house in New Street, 
and his name appears in Letters Patent by King Charles 
II. the same year. He was one of the foremost men of 
New London, married Rachel, daughter of George Chap- 
pel, and died 18 January, 1716. 

Samuel Crocker, his third son, was born in New Lon- 
don 27 July, 1676, married Hannah Wolcott 30 December, 
1697, and died in Franklin, Connecticut, 29 August, 1754. 
He early purchased land on Little Lebanon, now Crocker's 
Hill, in Norwich West Farms, now the town of Franklin. 
His descendants were numerous, intermarried with the 
best families of New London County, and were a leading 
family in Franklin. 

(7) Daniel Gardner IV., second son of Daniel Gard- 
ner III., No. 6, was born 11 October, 1789; married Pru- 
dence Whipple, 17 January, 1813, and died in Johnstown, 

42 



Ohio, 23 March, 1842. As a boy he lived with his grand- 
father at Gardner's Lake. After his mother returned 
from New Hampshire, he lived with her until he married. 
He continued at Ware House Point — in the old town of 
Windsor — until 1830, when he moved, and settled in 
Johnstown, Licking County, Ohio. This was the first 
radical change made by this branch of the family since 
Stephen Gardner, No. 3, came to Gardner's Lake, one 
hundred years earlier, and it was indeed a radical change. 
The journey was made by stage, canal and lake boats, and 
the latter part by purchased and hired teams, and con- 
sumed nearly the entire summer. 

He bought land at Johnstown, and, in addition to 
farming, worked at his trade — that of cooper. He had 
what, in those days, must have been quite a factory, em- 
ploying several men besides his sons. He made, chiefly, 
pork, flour and whiskey barrels, which were delivered by 
teams, in some cases, to Cincinnati. In a letter written 
in 1833 to friends in Connecticut he claimed to have made 
more than one thousand dollars, clear of all expenses, since 
leaving Ware House Point, which was surely doing well. 
He was an exemplary citizen and a devout Episcopalian ; 
and, there being no church of this denomination nearer 
than twenty miles, he and his wife, owing to poor roads, 
often made the trip on horseback. 

His wife, Prudence (Whipple) Gardner, was the 
youngest child of Thomas Whipple, of New London, bom 
1748 ; died in New London 4 October, 1804, and here an- 
other fine line of ancestry has been lost, owing to Arnold's 
raid and the burning of New London records. 

Efforts have been made to trace this line — by many 
persons interested — without success. The most reasona- 
ble supposition seems to be that Thomas Whipple was a 
grandson of Samuel Whipple, of Groton, born 1669, who 
was in Groton across the river from New London, in 1709, 
where he died in 1729. He was the son of Samuel Whip- 
ple, of Providence, son of John Whipple, of Dorchester, 
Massachusetts, 1632. Samuel, of Groton, had sons, but 
which son or grandson settled in New London is not 
known. "This is offered as a theory only, which would 

43 



be worth the effort if it could be established as a fact." 

Thomas Whipple was a man of good standing in New 
London, and of considerable means. His wife, Catherine 
(Jeffery) Whipple, was born in England about 1749. 
Her father, Isaac Jeffery, came to New London, from Eng- 
land, probably in 1750, where he died about 1800. He 
was a wealthy merchant, and for some years was blind. 
At the time of Arnold's raid he sent his family to his coun- 
try home at Norwich, but remained, himself, in New Lon- 
don to protect his property, and in some way he so pre- 
vailed on Arnold that none of his buildings were burned, 
but he lost heavily from the looting of his stores. After 
this he was called a tory, and, being of English birth, may 
have been a loyalist, or, as Arnold at one time lived in 
New London, his influence may have been personal, or 
he may have purchased protection. He lost heavily from 
depreciation of currency at the close of the war, and died 
comparatively poor. 

His son, Moses, born probably in 1748, reared a fam- 
ily in New London, and returned to England after the 
death of his father. One record concerning him, of a mili- 
tary nature, has survived, and is here reproduced : 

"New London, Dec. 30, 1777. This certifies that 
Thomas Whipple and Moses Jeffery have procured and 
furnished a substitute to serve in the Continental Army 
during the present war. 
(Signed) John Wyllys, Captain in Col. Webbs' Regt." 

Mrs. Sabrina (Gardner) Crocker, No. 14, who per- 
sonally knew her grandmother, Catherine (Jefferey) 
Whipple, and who had a distinct remembrance of her, is 
the authority for the Jefferey and Whipple notes. 

(8) Daniel Gardner V. was pre-eminently a man of 
affairs. Liberal in every sense of the word, broad-mind- 
ed and public-spirited to a high degree, he was for years 
the representative man in the communities in which he 
lived. Born in 1815 at Ware House Point, East Windsor, 
Connecticut, he emigrated with the family, in 1831, to 
Johnstown, Licking County, Ohio. After the death of 
his father, in 1842, he was recognized as the head of the 
family and became well and favorably known in Licking 

44 



and adjoining counties. He was an active member of the 
Board of County Commissioners for eight or ten years, 
and in 1856 was elected, as a democrat, to the Ohio Sen- 
ate, but in 1858 he was defeated for re-election, being a 
candidate on the first republican ticket nominated in the 
State of Ohio. 

In November, 1859, he removed to West Urbana, Illi- 
nois, and in April, 1861, when the town was organized — 
under a special charter — as the city of Champaign, he 
was elected Mayor. He was also school director at the 
time of the building and organization of the first high 
school in Champaign, and was the first one to advocate 
the building. This includes all of the public elective offices 
he ever held or sought, although often favorably mention- 
ed, and urged for high office in the State and county. In 
politics he was a republican from the first organization, 
and of high standing and great influence in the councils 
of his party. While never called a "boss," it was a 
recognized fact that his support was very necessary to 
any one seeking a republican nomination, and at that time, 
when such nomination was equivalent to election, few, if 
any, in Champaign County who had his support were de- 
feated. 

In 1860 or '61, on the failure of the Cattle Bank, he 
was selected by the other depositors to represent them 
in the settlement of their claims, and secured an offer 
from Mr. B. F. Harris, President of the Bank — which 
was accepted — to take the assets and pay to the depositors 
sixty per cent, of their claims, Mr. Gardner to take charge, 
realize on assets and pay depositors. He was able to do 
this, without any loss to Mr. Harris, and without any re- 
muneration for his services, he receiving only sixty per 
cent, of his own deposit. 

The town then being without a bank, and the out- 
look favorable, he organized the Banking House of D. 
Gardner and Company, which for years did an extensive 
business, satisfactory alike to the bank and its customers. 
It is safe to say that — as a banker — Mr. Gardner recog- 
nized his obligations to his customers and neighbors as 
much, if not to a greater extent, than he did to his own 

45 



interests, and that many of his neighbors would have been 
unable to weather the panic of 1873 and the bad years 
following, but for his assistance; and that he was, far 
and away, the first citizen of Champaign, as he had been 
the first Mayor. 

In 1879, owing to depression in business, inability to 
make collections, or to realize on real estate investments, 
the bank was not in condition to withstand the run 
which started the first of July. Mr. Gardner decided 
to place the bank in liquidation, and made application for 
a receiver on the sixth, and the appointment was made. 
The run was started by the action of a partner in the 
bank in transferring his personal real estate and his 
interest in the bank's realty to a brother, thus placing it 
beyond the reach of the bank or of its depositors, and also 
by the withdrawal of deposits by this partners friends. 
Suit was brought by the receiver to annul this transfer, 
and, pending a decision, he was hampered in many ways, 
and but little accomplished. Finally a compromise was 
effected, which eliminated all other interest in the bank, 
Mr. Gardner assuming all liabilities. The remaining 
years of his life were devoted to the settlement of his 
affairs, which at the time of his death was practically 
accomplished, and soon after the receiver made his final 
report, showing all debts paid, and was discharged, the 
remaining assets being turned over to Mr. Gardner's 
estate. 

During his life in Champaign, aside from banking, 
Mr. Gardner was extensively engaged in farming, stock 
raising and feeding, dealing in grain and other produce, 
and many other enterprises. He was for twenty years a 
member of the Chicago Board of Trade, and had large 
interests there in packing, and in the grain and provision 
trade. As a citizen, he was generally the first to be 
solicited for support for any public movement, and was 
always a liberal subscriber and an effective worker. 

No one gave more, if as much, in money and influence 
to secure the location of the State University in Cham- 
paign County, than did he, and he repeatedly advanced 
money subscribed, which in some cases amounted to an 

46 



increase of his own subscription. He financed two strong 
efforts to locate coal at Champaign. He was an organizer 
and first treasurer of the company that built the railroad 
from Danville to Pekin, Illinois, and he also did much 
toward the building of the line from Champaign to De- 
catur. He was an organizer, one of the largest stock- 
holders and treasurer of the Champaign and Urbana Gas 
Company. He was an organizer, large stockholder and 
President of the Champaign County Fair Association, 
which first located at Champaign. But the work of his 
life, in which he had the most interest, and the most pride, 
was the office of Trustee of the University of Illinois. 

Of this work no one is better qualified to speak than 
Dr. Thomas J. Burrill, for a long time Vice President of 
the University, and who in a letter to the writer, under 
date of March 18th, 1895, says: 

"Your father, Daniel Gardner, was a member of the 
Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois — then Illi- 
nois Industrial University — from 1873 to 1881. He was 
appointed by the Governor of the State, after the passage 
of the law in 1873 reorganizing the Board, and drew the 
short term of two years. He was again appointed in 
1875 for the regular term of six years. 

"He was during most of the time a member of the 
Executive Committee of the Board, and, therefore, had — 
with two others — much of the business affairs of the 
University to look after. While a member of the Board 
he especially had to do with the finances of the institu- 
tion, with the practical affairs of the farm and of the 
buildings and grounds, and with the lands held by the 
University in Western States. When, during his time of 
service, a special standing committee on buildings and 
grounds was created, he was chairman of it, and held this 
place to the end of his term. During the time the Chem- 
ical Laboratory was erected he, as chairman of said com- 
mittee, had much to do with the structure. The avenue 
of trees extending southward from University Hall to 
the Farmer's house was an idea of Mr. Gardiner's, and 
it was planted according to his suggestions. As he was 
the only local member of the Board, he was often called 

47 



upon to express opinions or give directions, and always 
seemed ready to give his time and attention to these 
things. I beheve he always had the best good of the 
institution very close to his heart, and always did his best 
to promote its interests. I am pretty sure he never 
missed a meeting of the Board." 

(Signed) "THOS. J. BURRILL." 

The writer, of his own personal knowledge, will say 
that when his own business and the affairs of the Uni- 
versity both demanded his time, the University affairs 
took precedence. Mr. Gardner's connection with the Uni- 
versity was during the critical times of its existence, and 
it is doubtful if a man can be named who, from first to 
last, has worked harder and done more to make the Uni- 
versity of Illinois what it is today than did he. 

His grave in Mount Hope Cemetery overlooks the 
grounds he did so much to improve and beautify. 



48 



Hodges 

The name Hodges is found in several counties in 
England, belonging to families of repute, many of them 
of rank, and distinction, and of long establishment. The 
coat of arms here emblazoned, is a general type of the 
many Hodges arms belonging to various branches of the 
family in England. The accompanying cut is a repro- 
duction of an original engraving of 1726, the arms of 
Sir Nathaniel Hodges, Kt. 

Arms: or, three crescents 
sable; on a canton of the last, 
a ducal coronet of the first; 
impaling — vert, three lions, 
rampant, argent, a chief of 
the last. Crest : out of a ducal 
coronet, or, a crescent sable. 

Among the early settlers 
y--^ / /^ / 7^ A of New England were several 
jryaAfSa^f€.Kn,t „f jj,^ „^„^ „f Hodges, and 

Hodge. The founder of the Taunton, Massachusetts, 
branch, was — 

No. 1. William Hodges ( -1654). Nothing 
definite is known regarding him, previous to his coming 
to Taunton — then a part of Plymouth Colony. His name 
first appears, August, 1643, in the list of males, of Taun- 
ton, between the ages of sixteen and sixty, able to bear 
arms. He was one of the original stockholders of the first 
Taunton Ironworks, and held considerable other property. 
There is still on file at Plymouth, "an inventory of the 
goods and chattels of William Hodges, late of Taunton, 
deceased April 2nd, 1654." He married Mary, daughter 
of Henry Andrews, of Taunton. 

Henry Andrews was one of the original purchasers 
of Taunton from the Indians, in 1637; one of the first 
seven freemen of Taunton, one of the first two deputies 




from Taunton, to the General Court, 1639; deputy also 
in 1643, 1647 and 1649; one of the original stockholders 
of the first Taunton Ironworks ; builder of the first meet- 
ing house in Taunton, and in other ways, one of the first 
men, and one of the wealthiest, of the town. 

No. 2. John Hodges (1650-1719) was a man of en- 
terprise, and acquired a great amount of real estate. He 
was one of the purchasers of Taunton South Purchase 
(Dighton) from King Philip, in 1672. The roster of 8 
April, 1682, shows that he was in the second squadron of 
the military company; the four squadrons taking turns 
in bringing their arms to meeting on every Sabbath day 
— by order of court. His homestead in Taunton has been 
owned and occupied by his descendants until the present 
time, descending from father to son, to the sixth genera- 
tion, the present owner being Lewis Hodges Goward, 
Esq. He, John Hodges, married Elizabeth, daughter of 
George and Susannah (Street) Macey, of Taunton. 

George Macey was one of the original purchasers of 
Taunton; captain of the mihtary company in 1643; one 
of those appointed to order town affairs in 1648, 1650, 
and 1658; selectman from 1671 to 1686, and a magistrate 
for the county of Plymouth in 1690. His wife was the 
daughter of the Rev. Nicholas Street, of Taunton. 

No. 3. William Hodges (1682-1766) settled first at 
Taunton North Purchase (Norton) and after the death of 
his father moved to Taunton and occupied the homestead. 
About 1730, he tore down the house, and on the same site 
'erected the structure now standing at the corner of Tre- 
mont and Granite streets. He was Captain of the third 
military company, and in 1735 was one of the founders 
of New Taunton (now Westminster, Vermont) . He mar- 
ried Hannah, daughter of Joseph and Mary (Leonard) 
Tisdale, of Taunton. 

Joseph Tisdale was son of James Tisdale, one of the 
first settlers of Taunton, who was son of John Tisdale, 
immigrant, of Duxbury. His wife, Mary, was daughter 
of Thomas and Mary (Watson) Leonard, of Taunton, and 
Thomas was son of James Leonard, also of Taunton. 

50 



No. 4. George Hodges (1711-1786) was of more 
than ordinary mind and influence. In 1749 and 1750 he 
kept a public house in Taunton, and in 1754 he bought 
land in Woodstock, Connecticut, and took his family there. 
His son, George Hodges, served in the French and Indian 
war, enlisting in 1756. He married Susannah, daughter 
of Morgan and Susannah (Willis) Cobb, of Taunton, 
and both Vv^ere buried in the old graveyard in South War- 
ren, Massachusetts. 

Morgan Cobb was son of Augustine Cobb, a leading 
man of Taunton, one of whose descendants. Colonel Cobb, 
was aide-de-camp on the staff of General Washington. 
His wife, Susannah, was daughter of Joseph WiUis, a 
proprietor of Taunton, who was son of John Willis, im- 
migrant, of Duxbury. Joseph Willis married a daughter 
of Thomas Lincoln, immigrant, of Hingham in 1635. 

No. 5. Daniel Hodges (1754-1829) was a prominent 
citizen in Western, Massachusetts. He was selectman 
for twelve years; moderator of the annual town meeting 
for thirteen years; treasurer for five years; representa- 
tive for five years; justice of the peace; Captain of the 
militia company, and held various other offices. He mar- 
ried Rachel Rich, daughter of Thomas and Huldah 
(Cheney) Rich, of Western — name changed, in 1834, to 
Warren. 

Thomas Rich was one of the most influential men in 
Western. His wife, Huldah, was a daughter of Thomas 
Cheney, of Western, who was son of Thomas, grandson 
of Thomas, and great-grandson of William Cheney, immi- 
grant, a landholder in Roxbury before 1640. 

No. 6. Thomas Cheney Hodges (1784-1872) was 
for many years a popular and useful citizen of Western, 
now Warren. His two sons were men of high character, 
and his daughters were noted for their beauty. He was 
Captain of the militia company and held other offices. 
About 1850 he moved to Knox County, Ohio, where he 
died. He married Olive, daughter of Abner and Bethiah 
(Muzzy) Tyler, of Western. 

Abner Tyler was son of Deacon John and Sarah 

51 



(Barron) Tyler, of Western. He was a Lieutenant during 
the Revolutionary War, in the 4th Worcester County 
Regiment, and both he and his father were leading men 
in Western. His first paternal ancestor in America was 
Job Tyler, the actual first settler of Andover, there in 
advance of the official settlement in 1640. Job's son was 
Moses Tyler, Quarter Master, in charge of all military 
stores. He married Prudence, daughter of George Blake, 
of Gloucester. 

John Tyler, sea captain, was son of Moses. He mar- 
ried Ann, daughter of John Messenger, of Charlestown, 
who was son of Henry Messenger, of Boston. John Tyler 
was the father of Deacon John Tyler, before mentioned. 
The families of Blake, Messenger, Barron, and Muzzy, 
were second to none in New England. 

(7) Mary Josephine Hodges, fourth daughter of 
Thomas Cheney Hodges (6), was born in Western, Mass., 
11 October, 1817. When twelve years of age she went to 
Boston to the home of her aunt, Mrs. Seraph Ammidov/n, 
whose position and influence gave every opportunity for 
study and culture. She remained with Mrs. Ammidown 
five years, and then went to the home of her sister, Ruth, 
the wife of Dr. John Baxter, of New York, who much 
desired her. She remained in New York until after her 
sister's death, in 1834, and then returned to Massachu- 
setts. She continued her studies in New York, and in 
the home of Dr. Baxter met many of the brightest and 
most advanced thinkers of the time. 

After the death of her sister, Ruth, Dr. Baxter mar- 
ried, in 1838, her eldest sister, Cassandana, and persuaded 
her to come to them in Ohio, where she was married — 
from their house — 6 April, 1840, to Daniel Gardner V. 

Never effusive, rather reserved, she made many firm 
friends v/herever she was known, and was in every way 
all that a wife, mother and friend should be. She survived 
her husband less than two years, and died at Champaign, 
Illinois, 1 January, 1885. 

No one was better qualified to write regarding the 
Hodges family, in general, than was the late Almon D. 

52 



Hodges, Esq., of Boston. As a finish to the Hodges notes, 
the "Introduction" to his book, "The Hodges Family of 
New England," published in 1896, is here reprinted by- 
permission : — 

"The history of the Hodges family is a pleasant one. 
New England has produced more brilliant and more 
noted families, but it may well be doubted whether it has 
produced a single one which, taken from beginning to end, 
has had fewer weak spots or has been more genuinely 
useful to the community. In sturdy independence, fair- 
mindedness and loyalty, the tribe has been probably un- 
surpassed. Indeed, its very pre-eminence in these quali- 
ties, which are so valuable for the public good, has inter- 
fered with the prominence of individual members, and 
with their obtaining a reputation and position justly de- 
served ; for they have refused to take anything not earned, 
and have refrained from pushing themselves forward at 
the expense of their neighbors, and have made constant 
sacrifices for the sake of their country. Evidence of these 
facts abound in the following pages, and one example 
may be cited here. Had that officer who — during the Civil 
War — performed 'one of the most brilliant feats of logis- 
tics ever recorded' and 'without a parallel on record, been 
less modest, less independent, less observant of the rights 
of his fellow-officers, or willing to seek advancement by po- 
litical methods, he would be Brigadier-General now, with- 
out doubt; whereas, in fact, he retires from active service 
with the rank of Colonel, on account of the irregular ad- 
vancement of an inferior officer through political influ- 
ences." 

In the book this feat is described, and briefly is as 
follows : — 

"On the 27th of February, 1862, Captains Henry C. 
Hodges and Rufus J. Ingalls received an order — without 
previous notice — to provide transportation and to trans- 
port McClellan's army from in front of Washington to 
Fortress Monroe. Captain Hodges undertook to provide 
the transportation, and in eighteen days had a fleet ready 
to begin loading. Captain Ingalls then took charge, and 

53 



Correction. Page 54, line 15. Henry C. Hodges, Jr. 
was not connected with the Panama Canal as incorrectly 
stated here and in foot-note below, but has since Sept., 
1914, been Colonel of the 17th. Infantry, U. S. A., and is 
now stationed at Eagle Pass, Texas. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Harry F. Hodges was Ass't. Chief 
Engineer of the Panama Canal and after its completion 
was advanced to the rank of Brigadier General and was 
assigned to the command of the Nor.th Atlantic Coast 
Artillery District, with headquarters at Fort Totten, New 
York. 

These two officers, second cousins, were born in 1860, 
entered the United States Military Academy in 1877, 
were appointed Second Lieutenants in 1881, and have 
been in continuous service ever since. The similarity of 
names and service led to the misstatement herewith cor- 
rected. 



Hodges, Esq., of Boston. As a finish to the Hodges notes, 
the "Introduction" to his book, "The Hodges Family of 
New England," published in 1896, is here reprinted by 



War — performed 'one of the most brilliant feats of logis- 
tics ever recorded' and 'without a parallel on record, been 
less modest, less independent, less observant of the rights 
of his fellow-officers, or willing to seek advancement by po- 
litical methods, he would be Brigadier-General now, with- 
out doubt; whereas, in fact, he retires from active service 
with the rank of Colonel, on account of the irregular ad- 
vancement of an inferior officer through political influ- 
ences." 

In the book this feat is described, and briefly is as 
follows : — 

"On the 27th of February, 1862, Captains Henry C. 
Hodges and Rufus J. Ingalls received an order — without 
previous notice — to provide transportation and to trans- 
port McClellan's army from in front of Washington to 
Fortress Monroe. Captain Hodges undertook to provide 
the transportation, and in eighteen days had a fleet ready 
to begin loading. Captain Ingalls then took charge, and 

53 



in thirty-seven days from the time the order was received 
the entire movement was completed, with no casualties, 
save the loss of eight mules." 

This feat is described — in the records of the War 
Department — as Mr. Hodges quotes, "without a parallel 
on record, and as one of the most brilliant feats of logistics 
ever recorded" — and he intimates that the credit was 
appropriated by the Assistant Secretary, or, as he says, 
chief clerk, who transmitted the order. 

Captain Hodges, who is now Brigadier-General 
Henry Clay Hodges, U. S. Army, Retired, is a great-grand- 
son of George Hodges, No. 4, in this record. After thirty- 
eight years of active service he was certainly entitled to 
retirement with all the honors. His son, Lieutenant- 
Colonel Henry C. Hodges, U. S. Army, is assistant chief 
engineer of the Panama Canal. * 

The sons and daughters of Daniel Gardner, IV., were 
reared in Johnstown and, excepting two, married and set- 
tled there, and four of the number lived their time, died 
and were buried in Johnstown. At one time six Gardner 
families were living in this town, and none stood higher 
socially, in business, or as citizens, than did the Gardners. 

(14) Sabrina Crocker Gardner (1814-1899) was the 
peer in ability and strong character of any Gardner here 
recorded. Without the aid of her very distinct recollec- 
tions, these records would lack some important particu- 
lars. She married Jonathan Wells Attwood and, about 
1857, moved to Messapotamia, Ohio, where she died. 

(15) Charles Merritt Gardner (1817-1893) lived 
sixty-two years in Johnstown, where he died. During 
most of this time he was in business, dealing in live stock 
and merchandizing. 

(16) Prudence Maria Gardner (1819-1867) was the 
first one of this generation to die. Her married life was 
passed in Johnstown, entirely devoted to her family and 
home. She married Jonathan Smith, who is still rated — 



* Since placing this Manuscript in the hands of the printer, Lieutenant-Colonel Henry 
C. Hodgei has been advanced and is now a Brigadier General of the line. 



54 



by old residents — as one of the grandest men of Johns- 
town. He was, by occupation, a farmer and stock raiser. 
After the mother's death the family moved to McMinn- 
ville, Tennessee, where he died, as did his daughter, Sarah 
(Smith) Stubblefield. The eldest son, Henry Daniel Smith 
(1841-1909) was president of the First National Bank 
of Appleton, Wisconsin, a man prominent throughout the 
State. 

(17) Eunice Ann Gardner (1823-1907) lived sev- 
enty-six years in Johnstown, the first twelve and the last 
thirty-five years in the same house — the Gardner home- 
stead—built by her father in 1832. She had her full 
share of trouble, met it with courage, and was active and 
energetic to the last. She had a wide acquaintance, and 
was universally liked and sincerely mourned. She mar- 
ried Andrew Stevens, a very popular man in the town 
and county. He was, by occupation, a stock raiser, feeder 
and dealer — specializing in horses and sheep, in which 
lines he was expert. He was son of Peter Stevens, one 
of the old settlers in Johnstown. 

(18) Thomas Brownell Gardner (1824-1903) was 
a "Forty-niner," leaving Johnstown in that year for Cali- 
fornia — via the overland route. He followed the diggings 
through California, Nevada, Colorado and into Montana 
with varying success, and in 1867 made his one visit to 
the States. He returned to Montana, and from that time 
turned his attention to ranching. At the time of his death 
he was the oldest Odd Fellow and one of the oldest "old- 
timers" in Montana. He married Susan Townsend. 

(19) George Christopher Gardner (1827-1894) lived 
all — except the first four years — of his life in Johnstown. 
He was a cooper, and worked at his trade and did some 
farming. He — if any man — could say that in Johnstown 
there were none but who were his friends, and that he 
had not an enemy in the world. He married Narcissa 
Rice, who preceded him in death by four days, and both 
were buried in one grave. 

(20) Anson James Gardner (1831-1907) immigrated 
to Illinois in 1857 and engaged in farming. In 1860 he 
married Mary Elizabeth Watson and, in 1862, enlisted 

55 



in the 107th Illinois Infantry. After the war he returned 
to Farmer City, and in 1872 moved to Champaign, where 
he engaged in the grain business, and from there to In- 
dianapolis, where he was in the same business and where 
he died. He preceded his wife in death by four days, and 
they were buried in one grave. 

"Note. — For those surviving see the same numbers 
in section one." 

The descendants of Daniel Gardner V. are living — 
with two exceptions. 

Frederick Cheney Gardner, eldest bom son, died in 
infancy. 

Bertha Emily Gardner, granddaughter. See Section 
One (10). 



56 



57