Skip to main content

Full text of "Ancestral line of Clark Chamberlain Gregg"

329.Z 



Gc I M.lJ 

929.2 
G862b 
1289678 



GENEALOGY COL.L.HCT,ON 



\] 



ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBBARY 



3 1833 01268 8583 





. /fGO 



Ancestral Line of 
Clark Chamberlain Gregg 

By 

J. GARDNER BARTLETT 



I 

5 



^ 1289G78 






\i 



History of the Clan Gregor 

The history of the Highland Clans of Scotland, from the 
earliest glimmerings of their legendary chronicles over a 
thousand years ago down to the middle of the seventeenth 
century (1650) , is one of almost continual conflicts, turmoils, 
^ feuds, massacres, and raiding forays among themselves. For 
still another century they were periodically embroiled in the 
civil wars connected with the royal House of Stuart until the 
battle of Culloden in 1745, which resulted in a breaking up 
of the clans as disturbing forces and the final establishment 
of a regime of law and order throughout Scotland. 

About 1435 the MacGregors were dispossessed of the direct 
ownership of their ancient lands which were then granted 
by the Crown of Scotland to the Earls of Argyll and other 
powerful noblemen, to whom the MacGregors, as tackmen 
or lessees, were compelled to be subject and to pay rentals. 
Pervaded with a sense of injustice against these landlords and 
continually threatened by attacks from stronger neighboring 
clans, for two centuries the MacGregors lived in a state of 
almost continuous warfare, either in rebellion against their 
feudal landlords or in raids upon neighboring clans or in 
defence of their own lives and possessions from forays by 
their surrounding enemies. These interclan conflicts were 



not generally followed by government prosecutions. But the 
Clan Gregor, being comparatively small in numbers, suf- 
fered severely from their enemies, more powerful both polit- 
ically and in numbers, and were subjected to several drastic 
penal enactments by the Crown, as a result of which many 
forfeited their lives as rebels. After a long-standing feud, in 
1603 Alexander MacGregor of Glenstrae, then chief of the 
clan, conducted a great raid against Alexander Colquhoun, 
Laird of Luss, which resulted in a remarkable victory for the 
MacGregors at the battle of Glenfruin, 7 February 1602/3. 
The Colquhouns appealed for redress to James VI, King of 
Scotland (later in the same year also crowned James I of 
England) , who declared the Clan Gregor to be rebels and 
outlaws. Men of the clan were hunted with bloodhounds and 
imprisoned; women were branded on the cheek with a key; 
and through the machinations of Archibald Campbell, sev- 
enth Earl of Argyll, the chief and twenty-five leading Mac- 
Gregors, who had surrendered as hostages for the chief, were 
summarily tried and executed as rebels at Edinburgh in the 
first three months of 1604. This ferocious persecution was 
followed on 3 Apr. 1604 by a proscription of the use of the 
name MacGregor under pain of death, whereupon members 
of the clan assumed other names, some taking that of Gregg; 
and it was not until 1661 that this proscription against the 
name was repealed. 

The home of the Clan Gregor was on the borders of Argyll- 
shire and Perthshire, in the wild region of the beautiful 
Scottish Lakes, made so noted by the poems and romances of 
Sir Walter Scott. As early as the year 1000 the chiefs of the 
clan were seated at Glenorchy in Argyllshire, near the border 
of Perthshire. In the fifteenth century various branches of 
the clan were established, as MacGregor of Glenstrae in 
Argyllshire, MacGregor of Roroin Fortingal in Perthshire, 
MacGregor of Balquhidder in Perthshire, etc. 

The earliest history of the clan is known only from tradi- 
tionary legends, as is usual among all the ancient Scottish 



clans; but from about 1800 public records exist to establish 
an authentic account of the family. These traditionary leg- 
ends have preserved exploits of the chiefs of the clan for a 
dozen generations prior to the fourteenth century; and in 
modern times these legends have been generally included in 
the published histories and pedigrees of tiie clan. Details of 
these early generations vary in the various legends and chron 
icles of the clan, the accounts sometimes confusing the his- 
tories of different individuals of the same name and some- 
times omitting certain generations. 

The earliest kno^vn actual historian of the clan was Rev. 
James MacGregor (born about 1475, died in 1531) , vicar of 
Fortingal and dean of Lismore. About 1520 he collected and 
transcribed into a manuscript volume of over three hundred 
pages many ancient Gaelic traditionary poems relating to his 
clan; he also compiled a valuable obituary list of Scottish 
notables from 1092 to 1531 which was continued by his suc- 
cessor at Fortingal to 1576. This latter invaluable manu- 
script, generally called The Chronicle of Fortingal, has many 
authentic records of the MacGregors from 1390, which the 
dean must have secured from family muniments or monastic 
rolls now lost. 

The ancient coat-of-arms of the MacGregors is thus de- 
scribed heraldically: — Argent, an oak tree eradicate in bend 
sinister proper, surmounted by a sivord in bend azure, hilted 
gules, on its point an antique crown gules: Crest: — a lion's 
head erased proper, langued gules and crowned or: Motto: — 
"E'en do, bait spair nocht." The legendary account of the 
origin of these arms will be given in its proper place. In more 
recent times have been added these Supporters: Dexter, an 
unicorn argent, crowned and horned or; sinister, a deer 
proper, tyned azure. 

The earliest motto of the clan was: — "Srioghal mo 
Dhream" ["My tribe is Royal"]. The slogan or war cry of the 
clan is: - "Ard Choille" ["High Wood"]. 



Below is shown the arms emblazoned, on the opposite page 



the MacGregor Tartan. 




Pedigree of MacGregor and Gregg 

1. Gregory, born about A. D. 820, is generally claimed 
as the founder of the Clan Gregor in the ancient legends 
by the early bards of the clan. According to some accounts 
he was a younger son of Alpin, King of Scotland, who died 
in 834; but no historical proof of this claim has been found. 
He is, however, mentioned as a commander in chronicles per- 
taining to Alpin's successor, his son Kenneth MacAlpin (who 
reigned 834-860) , famous as the conqueror of the Picts and 
the first ruler of all Scotland. The name of Gregor's wife is 
unknown. Their son, 

2. DouNGHEAL^ (I. Gregor'^) , born about 850, was so 
termed from his light-brown complexion. He is mentioned 
in the family legends for his exploits under Donald VI (who 
reigned 879-903) , grandson of Kenneth MacAlpin, in pro- 
tracted contests with the Danish vikings who for a generation 
ravaged the western coasts of Scotland. Dongheal died about 
900. His wife is termed in some early Latin chronicles, Spon- 
TANA, the Gaelic equivalent of which is not apparent. Their 
son, 

3. CoNSTANTiNE^ (2. Dougheal^, Gregor'^) , born about 
880, was probably named for Constantine II, King of Scot- 
land 864-879. According to a very ancient Latin history of 
the Alpins, he married a kinswoman, Malvina, a daughter of 
Donald VI, King of Scotland 879-903; her Gaelic name has 
not been learned. Their son. 



4. Gregor Na Bratach^ (3. Constantine ^, Dougheal^, 
Gregor'^) , born about 915, was so called from his office of 
standard-bearer to Malcolm I, King of Scotland 943-954. He 
was killed in 954 in a battle with the Danes while serving as 
standard-bearer of Malcolm's army. According to a very 
ancient Latin history of the Alpins, he married Dor- 
viEGELDUM, daughter of the King's Doorward; her Gaelic 
name does not appear. Their son, 

5. EoiN MoR MacGregor Na Bratach^* (4. Gregor Na 
Bratach^, Constantine^, DougheaP, Gregor^) , born about 
950, is described in the ancient legends by the family bards, 
as a handsome man of gigantic stature and a very expert boAV- 
man. He fought and fell as a commander under the banner 
of Malcolm II (King of Scotland 1005-1034), at the san- 
guinary battle of Monaghavard (or Monzievaird) in 1005, 
in which victory Malcolm won the crown by the defeat and 
death of his cousin Kenneth III (King of Scotland 997- 
1005) . Eoin Mor married Alpina, daughter of Angus, great- 
grandson of Cianoth the youngest brother of Kenneth Mac- 
Alpin (King of Scotland 834-860) . Their son, 

6. Gregor Garbh^** (5. Eoin Mor^, Gregor Na Bra- 
tach^, Constantine^, Dougheal^, Gregor'^) , born about 980, 
is the first chief of the family designated as of Glenorchy in 
Argyllshire. He became a warrior of distinction under Mal- 
colm II (King of Scotland 1005-1034) , serving under him in 
several engagements with the Danes. In his old age, when 
nearly blind and unable to take the field himself, he sent his 
clan in 1057 to assist Duncan's son Malcolm in the latter's 
contest with his cousin Macbeth (King of Scotland 1040- 
1057) . On the defeat and death of Macbeth at the battle of 
Lumphanan in 1057, Malcolm won the crown of Scotland 
and as Malcom III, Canmore, reigned from 1057 to 1093. 
Gregor Garbh married a daughter of Colin Campbell of 
Lochow (ancestor of the Earle and Dukes of Argyll) . Their 
son. 



* John the Great, son of Gregor of the Standard. 
* * Gregor the Stout. 



10 



7. EoiN MacGregor"* (6. Gregor Garbh^, Eoin Mor^\ 
Gregor Na Bratach^, Constantine''^, Dougheal- , Gregor^) , 
born about 1010, led the dan in the army of Malcolm III at 
the battle of Lumphanan in 1057, as above mentioned, his 
aged father being unable to take the field. A few years later 
he succeeded his father as Laird of Glenorchy. From his mili- 
tary prowess he is termed in the legendary poems by the 
ancient bards "Shir Eoin Borb an Cath" (Sir John Foremost 
in Battle) . He died at very advanced age, about 1100. The 
name of his wife is unknown. There are discrepancies in the 
ancient legends concerning the next two generations of the 
family, whose history is obscure. Apparently his son, 

8. Duncan a Straileadh^ (7. Eoiii MacGregor'^, Gregor 
Garbh^, Eoin Mor^, Gregor Na Bratach'^, Constantine^, 
Dougheal'^ , Gregor'^) , born about 1040, probably died in his 
father's lifetime, as in the ancient family legends he is merely 
mentioned as a connecting link in the pedigree. His son, 

9. Duncan Beg^** (8. Duncan a Straileadh^, Eoin Mac- 
Gregor'^ , Gregor Garhh^', Eoin Mor^, Gregor Na Bratach'^, 
Constantine^ , Dougheal'-, Gregor'^) , born about 1070, suc- 
ceeded his grandfather as l.aird of Glenorchy. He was evi- 
dently a successful raider according to one of the ancient 
Gaelic legends of the family by the bard MacGillindak [the 
Man of Songs]. From internal evidences this poem must have 
been composed about 1430; and nearly a century later it w^as 
preserved in writing in the collection made by Rev. James 
MacGregor, dean of Lismore. (See ante, p. 5.) A few lines of 
this Gaelic poem and a translation of them are appended, to 
illustrate the character of these traditionary legends and 
genealogies: 



* John son of Gregor. 
** Duncan the Little. 



11 



"Is E Ughdair So Mac Gilliondaig, Am Fear Dan, 
Buaidh thighearn air thoisichibh, 

A ta o thus an cinne; 
Airidheach de na hoig fhearaibh, 

Gach aon fhear a breith fios. 
Ceud tighearn na tirsa, 

Dunchadh Beag fa more aigne, 
Do dh' fhag mar a chuid dilib, 

Aig Clann Ghriogoir an gaisge. 
Dunchadh, mor de mhileadhaibh, 

Athair beannaichte Mhaolcholuim, 
Seanair Eoin aonfhlaith nior gheill, 

Cunradhn uair a chumbhail. 
Grigoir deagh mhac Dunchaidh 

Vc o Eoin do b'e oighre, 
Fear aibheasach o'n chontath 

O Loch thaobh sholuis Tulaich." 

"The Author of this is MacGillindak, The Man of Songs. 
The Lairds have precedence of chiefs, 

It has been so from earliest time; 
It is commendable for youths 

To have true kno^vledge of these things. 
An early Lord upon this land 

Was Duncan Beg, so great in soul; 
He as a legacy has left 

Its bravery to the Gregor Clan. 
This Duncan, rich by many spoils, 

Of blessed Malcolm was the sire; 
He grandsire to the princely John, 

A laird who never broke his pledge. 
Then Gregor, Duncan's noble son. 

Was heir and grandson unto John. 
Famed man he was in regions round 

The shores of Loch Tulaich so bright". 

(The poem continues the pedigree for several generations 
down to about 1430.) 

12 



The name of the wife of Duncan Beg has not been pre- 
served. Their son, 



10. Malcolm 10 (9. Duncan Beg^, Duncan a Straileadh^. 
Eoin MacGregor'' , Gregor Garbh^, Eoin Mor^, Gregor Na 
Bratach*, Constantine^, Dougheal-, Gregor'^) , born about 
1100, appears as Laird of Glenorchy during the reign of 
David I (1124-1153). He led his clan in his sovereign's 
army which invaded England 1135-1138 to assist Matilda, 
Countess of Amjou, in her unsuccessful contest with Stephen 
for the crown of England. The Scottish forces of King David 
were defeated by a Norman army of King Stephen at the 
famous "Battle of the Standard" near Northallerton in York- 
shire, 22 August 1138. 



In the ancient chronicles, Malcolm is called "Morair Gal- 
ium nan Caistel" (Lord Malcolm of the Castles) , because of 
several castles occupied by him. The traditions describe him 
as a man of Herculean size and strength. It is related of him 
that while in the royal retinue at a great hunting party, the 
young King Malcolm IV (reigned 1153-1165) became in 
dire peril from the attack of a wild boar; Malcolm offered his 
assistance, whereupon the King assented, saying. "E'en do, 
bait spair nocht"; thereupon Malcolm tore out an oak tree 
from the ground and rushing between his sovereign and the 
infuriated boar, with the oak in one hand he kept the animal 
at bay, while wielding his sword with the other, until he 
succeeded in running it through the beast's heart. In mem- 
ory of this exploit the King conferred on Malcolm for a 
coat-of-arms a sword with a crown on its point, crossed with 
an oak tree. From this circumstance were derived the Mac- 
Gregor arms, crest and motto, as already heraldically de- 
scribed and emblazoned. (See ante, pp. 6-7.) These or similar 
arms appear on MacGregor seals of the fifteenth century, and 
also in an illuminated manuscript, now in the Lyon Herald's 
Office, Edinburgh, compiled about 1565, in which this em- 
blazon is assigned to "Lord Mak Gregour of Ould". 

13 



Malcolm is said to have died about 1175. He married 
Margery, daughter of William FitzDuncan, Earl of Moray, 
who was a nephew of David I, King of Scotland, and a com- 
mander in the royal army. Their son, 

11. GiLLEFEALAN (or William) ^^ (10. Malcolm^^, DuTi- 
can Beg^, Duncan a Straileadh^, Eoin MacGregor'^ , Gregor 
Garbh^, Eoin Mor^, Gregor Na Bratach^, Constantine^, 
Dougheal^, Gregor'^) , born about 1 1 30, evidently died dur- 
ing his father's lifetime, according to the pedigree of the 
bard MacGillindak. The name of his wife is unknown. Their 
son, 

12. Eoin (or John) 12 (n. Gillefealan^^, Malcolm^^, 
Duncan Beg^, Duncan a Straileadh^, Eoin MacGregor'^, 
Gregor Garbh^, Eoin Mor^, Gregor Na Bratach'^, Constan- 
tine^, Dougheal", Gregor'^), born about 1160, succeeded his 
grandfather as Laird of Glenorchy. He is termed "the 
princely John, a laird who never broke his pledge" in the 
poem and pedigree composed about 1430 by the bard Mac- 
Gillindak. (See ante, p. 12.) He is called Laird of Glenorchy 
in a charter dated in the 47th year of William the Lyon 
[1212], King of Scotland 1165-1214, and survived to ad- 
vanced age. The name of his wife is unknown. Their son, 

13. DuncanIS* (12. Eoin^^, Gillefealan^^, Malcolm^^, 
Duncan Beg^, Duncan a Straileadh^ , Eoin MacGregor'^ , 
Gregor Garbh^, Eoin Mor^, Gregor Na Bratach"^, Constan- 
tine^, DougheaP, Gregor'^), born about 1190, is mentioned 
as "Duncan MacEoin" in the early years of Alexander II 

(reigned 1214-1249). He died in middle life about 1229, 
during his father's lifetime. He married a daughter of Lind- 
say of Bucknull, forester of the Earl of Lenox. Their son, 



* In some accounts of the family a Gillefealan, instead of Duncan, appears 
in this generation of the pedigree. 

14 



14. GregorI'* {l"^, Duncan'^^, Eoin^'^,Gillefealan'^'^, Mal- 
colm'^^, Duncan Beg^, Duncan a Straileadh^, Eoin Mac- 
Gregor'^ , Gregor Garbh^, Eoin Mor^, Gregor Na Bratach*, 
Constantine'^, Dougheal-, Gregor'^), was born about 1220. 
He succeeded his grandfather as Laird of Glenorchy, accord- 
ing to the bard MacGillindak, who describes this Gregor as 
"Famed man he was in regions round the shores of Loch 
Tulaich so bright." He accompanied King Alexander II in 
this monarch's abortive expedition to obtain the Hebrides 
Islands from Haco, King of Nor^vay, during which expedi- 
tion the King died at Oban 8 July 1249. Gregor also attended 
with his clan King Alexander III (reigned 1249-1286) in the 
successful expedition against the Hebrides Islands in 1264. 
His death occurred in 1285. He married Marian, daughter 
of Gilchrist, seventh son of Alwin, second Earl of Lennox. 
Their son, 

15. Gregor MacGregorIo (14. Gregor'^^, Duncan'^^, 
Eoin'^-, Gillefealan'^'^, Malcolm'^^ , Duncan Beg^, Duncan a 
Straileadh^, Eoin MacGregor'^ , Gregor Garbh^, Eoin Mor^, 
Gregor Na Bratach^, Constantine^, Dougheal^, Gregor'^) , 
was born about 1250, and was killed in a raid shortly before 
the death of his father in 1285. The name of his wife is 
unknown. Their son, 

16. MalcolmI^ (15. Gregor MacGregor'^^, Gregor'^^, 
Duncan'^^, Eoin'^-, Gillefealan'^'^, Malcolm'^^, Duncan Beg^, 
Duncan a Straileadh^, Eoin MacGregor'^ , Gregor Garbh^, 
Eoin Mor^, Gregor Na Bratach^, Constantine^, Dougheal^, 
Gregor^) , born about 1275, was heir to his grandfather at 
the latter's death in 1285. As "Malcolm, Laird MacGregor 
of Glenorchy", he was among the numerous chiefs of the 
Scottish clans who swore fealty to Edward I, King of England, 
on a roll dated at Berwick 28 August 1296. These allegiances 
were due to Edward's sudden conquest of Scotland in the 
Spring of 1296, the abdication of King Baliol, and the coro- 
nation of Edward at Montrose on 10 July 1296. For nearly 
a score of years Scotland remained nominally under the 
crown of England. 

15 



Malcolm MacGregor later became an active adherent of 
Robert Bruce in the latter's efforts to free Scotland from 
English rule, and fought under him at the great and decisive 
battle of Bannockburn, 24 June 1314. In this famous con- 
flict Bruce's Scottish army of about thirty thousand men 
completely routed an English army of nearly thrice that size 
under Edward II, thus completing the liberation of Scotland 
from England and securing for Bruce the crown of Scotland. 
The next year Malcolm accompanied Edward Bruce, younger 
brother of King Robert Bruce, in an expedition into Ireland; 
he took part in numerous engagements, including the battle 
of Dundalk in October 1318 in which Edward Bruce was 
defeated and slain. In this battle Malcolm MacGregor was 
wounded so as to be permanently lame, wherefore he was 
later termed "Morair Bachdach" or the Lame Laird. In spite 
of this disability he survived to advanced age. 



This Malcolm is the subject of several Gaelic heroic poems; 
but there are also ample documentary evidences preserved 
about him to establish him as a thoroughly authentic his- 
torical character; whereas his ancestors have left but few 
traces in contemporary records and are known almost wholly 
from traditionary legends and poems, not committed to writ- 
ing until the fifteenth century. He married Mary, daughter 
of Malise MacAlpin. Their son. 



17. GregorI''' (16. Malcolm'^^, Gregor MacGregor^^, 
Gregor'^'^, Duncan^^, Eoin'^^, Gillefealan'^'^, Malcolm^^, Dun- 
can Beg^, Duncan a Straileadh^, Eoin MacGregor'^, Gregor 
Garbh^, Eoin Mor^, Gregor Na Bratach^, Constantine^, 
Dougheal^, Gregor'^) , born about 1 305, probably died in 
early manhood and before his father. In the ancient legends 
of the family he is mentioned only as a link in the line of 
descent, and the contemporary records are silent about him. 
The name of his wife is unknown. Their son, 



16 



18. John Cham MacGregorI^ (17. Gregor^"^ , Mal- 
colm^^, Gregor AlacGregor^^, Gregor^'^, Duncan^^, Eoin'^^, 
Gillefealan'^'^, Malcolm'^^, Duncan Beg^, Duncan a Slrai- 
leadh^, Eoin MacGregor'^, Gregor Garbh^, Eoin Mor^, 
Gregor Na Bratach'^, Constantine^, Dougheal^ , Gregor'^) , 
born about 1335, is termed "Cham", both in contemporary 
records and poetic legends, on account of blindness in one 
eye. He succeeded his grandfather as Laird of Glenorchy. 
According to the authoritative Chronicle of Fortingal* 
(compiled in 1531), "John, son of Gregor, Laird of Glen- 
orchy, died 19 April 1390, and was buried on the north side 
of the high altar of Dysart Church". This was the ancient 
church of Glenorchy, and about 1810 several stone coffins of 
the early MacGregors of Glenorchy Avere exhumed from the 
ruins of this edifice. The name of the wife of John Cham 
MacGregor is unknown. 
Children: 

19. i. Gregor19, b. about 1365. 

ii. John Dhu [Black John], b. about 1370. He settled 
at Stronmelochan at the north-easterly point of 
Lochaw near Glenstrae in Argyllshire, and founded 
the MacGregors of Glenstrae. Alexander^^ Mac- 
Gregor of Glenstrae (sixth in descent from John 
Dhui9) became chief of the Clan Gregor toward 
the close of the sixteenth century; raided and 
slaughtered the Colquhouns at Glenfruin on 7 
February 1602/3; and was outlawed, tried, and 
executed as a rebel at Edinburgh on 20 January 
1603/4, together with twenty-five other leading 
men of the clan. (See ante, p. 4, and post, pp. 
27-28.) 

The Chronicle of Fortingal thus records the 
death of John Dhui^: "John Dhu, son of John 
Cham the son of Gregor, died at Stronmelochan 
in 1415 and was buried in Dysart Church." 

• See ante, page 5. 

17 



19. Gregor (18. John Cham MacGregor^^, Gregor^'^, 
Malcolm'^^, Gregor MacGregor^^, Gregor^"^, Duncan^-\ 
Eoin^^, Gillefealan^^, Malcolm'^^, Duncan Beg^, Duncan a 
Straileadh^, Eoin MacGregor^, Gregor Garbh^, Eoin Mor^, 
Gregor Na Bratach"^, Constantine^, Dougheal^, Gregor'^) , 
born about 1365, succeeded his father in 1390 as Laird of 
Glenorchy. In the family legends he is termed "Gregor 
Aluinn" [Gregor the Handsome]. According to the Chronicle 
of Fortingal (compiled in 1531), "Gregor MacEoin Cham 
[Gregor son of John, Blind of One Eye] died in Glenorchy 
in 1415 and was buried by the high altar in Dysart Church". 
He married Iric, daughter of Malcolm MacAlpin. 
Children: 

i. Malcolm 20, b. about 1390; succeeded his father 
as Laird of Glenorchy in 1415, but d. in 1420, 
unmarried. 

ii. John, b. about 1395; succeeded as Laird of Glen- 
orchy and Chief of the Clan upon the death of 
his brother in 1420. During his lifetime the power- 
ful Campbells (created Earls of Argyll in 1457) 
and other feudal noblemen acquired from the 
crown an overlordship in the lands of the Clan 
Gregor, which the latter had possessed outright 
from time immemorial. In 1435 a feud between 
John2o MacGregor and the MacNabbs was fought 
out at Chrimlarich. Whereupon Sir Duncan 
Campbell of Lochaw, the most poAverful noble- 
man in Scotland, as Lord Lieutenant of Argyll- 
shire procured royal letters of fire and sword 
against both these clans as rebels, overwhelmed 
them with military force, and became feudal over- 
lord of their lands. This John^o MacGregor d. in 
1461, the last MacGregor who was Laird of Glen- 
orchy. He left three sons whose descendants con- 
tinued for several generations in Glenorchy and 
vicinity as restive undertenants of the Earls of 

18 



Argyll; while the chieftanship of the clan eventu- 
ally passed to the MacGregors of Glenstrae who 
held it until 1604. 
iii. Archibald, b. about 1400. 

iv. Duncan, b. about 1405; progenitor of the Mac- 
Gresiors of Roro. 
20. V. DouGAL CiAR, b. about 1410. 

20. DouGAL CiAR MacGregor2o (19. Gregor'^^, John 
Cham MacGregor^^, Gregor^'^, Malcolm^^, Gregor Mac- 
Gregor'^^, Gregor'^'^, Duncan^^, Eoin^-, Gillefealan'^^, Mal- 
colm^^, Duncan Beg^, Duncan a Straileadh^ , Eoin Mac- 
Gregor'^, Gregor Garbh^, Eoin Mor^, Gregor Na Bratach'^, 
Constantine^, Dougheal^, Gregor'^) , born about 1410, was 
youngest son of Gregori'^ the last MacGregor Laird of Glen- 
orchy who died owning the ancestral lands there in free 
tenure and not as undertenants of the Earls of Argyll. This 
loss of free tenure of the family estates occurred about 1435, 
as previously related. 

Dougal Ciar MacGregor was so termed from a peculiar 
gray color of eyes and hair. He settled in the parish of 
Balquhidder in Perthshire, a few miles east of Glenorchy in 
Argyllshire the ancient home of his ancestors. He established 
a branch of the MacGregors which continued in Balqu- 
hidder for over three centuries and included the famous 
Highland freebooter Rob Roy MacGregor. The Braes of 
Balquhidder are located in wild and picturesque country 
around Loch Voil in a valley south of Ben More which 
rising to a height of nearly four thousand feet is one of the 
loftiest mountains in Scotland. The name of the wife of 
Dousral Ciar MacGregor is unknown. Their son, 

21. Dougal Culchere^i (or Coulkeir, Culkeyr, Cul- 
QUHEiR, etc.) MacGregor (20. Dougal Ciar MacGregor^^, 
Gregor'^^, John Cham MacGregor'^^, Gregor'^'^, Malcolm'^^, 
Gregor MacGregor'^^, Gregor^'^, Duncan'^^, Eoin'^^, Gille- 
jealan'^'^, Malcolm'^^, Duncan Beg^, Duncan a Straileadh^, 

19 



Eoin MacGregor'^, Gregor Garhh^, Eoin Mor^, Gregor Na 
Bratach'^, Constantine^, DougheaP, Gregor'^) , born about 
1440, succeeded his father in Balquhidder in Perthshire. In 
1493 he and his two elder sons, Gregor and John, had a 
fracas with a party of Maclntyres over the ownership of some 
cattle. For over two centuries the MacGregors of Balqu- 
hidder were a very turbulent race of free-booters, and were 
continually engaged with their neighbors in mutual cattle- 
raiding, a common occupation among the old Scottish clans. 
The name of the wife of Dougal Culchere^i is unknown. 
Children: 
22. i. Gregor22, b. about 1470. 
ii. John, b. about 1475. 
iii. William, b. about 1480. 



22. Gregor MacCulchere22 MacGregor (21. Dougal 
Culchere^^, Dougal Ciar MacGregor-^, Gregor^^, John Cham 
MacGregor^^, Gregor^'^, Malcolm^^, Gregor MacGregor^^, 
Gregor^^, Duncan'^^, Eoin'^^, Gillefealan'^^, Malcolm'^^, Dun- 
can Beg^, Duncan a Straileadh^, Eoin MacGregor"^, Gregor 
Garbh^, Eoin Mor^, Gregor Na Bratach*, Constantine^, 
Dougheal^ , Gregor'^) , born about 1470 is mentioned as 
Gregour Dougal-soune in 1493 when he and his brother 
John and their father engaged in a brawl with some Mac- 
lntyres, as before mentioned. He also appears with his 
brothers as "Gregour Dougalsoune. John Dougalsoune, and 
William Dougalsoune"*, together with several kinsmen of 
the Clan Gregor, as "John MacEwen MacAlester, chief of 
the Clan Gregor, and his kinsmen Duncan Bayne, Duncan 
Brek, Donald Patricksoune, Duncan Donaldsoune, and 
Gregor Patricksoune, all of the Clan Gregour", on a charter 
dated at Edinburgh 14 August 1527, for the institution of 
Donald Campbell as Abbot of Coupar in Perthshire. Fixed, 
hereditary, family surnames, like those of the present time, 
did not come into general vogue in England until after 1 300 
and in Scotland until after 1500. So even in the sixteenth 



* That is, Gregor, John and William, sons of Dougal. 

20 



century in Scotland, persons are often designated by simply 
adding to their baptismal name a patronymic or a nickname. 
The name of the wife of (iregor MacCiilchere is unknown. 
Cliildren: 
23. i. Malcolm--', born about 1505. 
ii. Duncan. 
iii. Patrick. 

23. Malcolm MacCulchere^^ MacGregor (22. Gregor 
MacCiilchere^^, Doiiml Cidchere'^'^, Douml Ciar Mac- 
Gregor'^^, Gregor'^^, JoJdi Cham MacGregor'^^, Gregor'^'^, 
Malcolm^^, Gregor MacGrcgor^^, Gregor'^'^, Duncan^^, 
Eoin^^, Gillefealan'^^, Malcolm'^^, Duncan Beg^, Duncan a 
Straileadh^ , Eoin MacGregor'' , Gregor Garhh^, Eoin Mor^, 
Gregor Na Bratach*, Constantine^, Dougheal^ , Gregor'^) , 
born about 1505, was put to the horn*, together ^vith his 
brothers Duncan and Patrick and others of the Clan Gregor 
in Balquhidder, in a proclamation of 15 November 1523. 
They were declared rebels and outlaws against the peace of 
the Lord the King by raiding the pastures of Alexander 
Graham, second Earl of Menteith in Perthshire, and running 
off forty cattle belonging to his lordship. Glengyle, Drum- 
miliche, Innerlochlarig, Keyletter [Caoletter], Strathyre 
[Strachur], Culgart and Carnlea, are among the farms in 
Balquhidder in which Malcolmss and his sons and grandsons 
were tenants in the sixteenth century. 

A branch of the Clan Laurane in Balquhidder became 
formidable rivals of the MacGregors there. The Mac- 
Lauranes, as the oldest clan in the parish, from the thir- 
teenth century exercised the prerogative of being the first to 
enter the parish church on Sundays; but early in the six- 
teenth century they agreed to share this honor with the 
MacGregors in return for assistance against a raid by the 



* To "put to the horn" in old Scots law, was to denounce as a rebel and 
outlaw for non-appearance at a court to answer a summons; the culprit was 
proclaimed at the Great Cross in Edinburgh, together with three blasts of a 
horn and other formalities. A similar process was in vogue in executions on 
property for judicially established debts. 

21 



McLenies. Among such turbulent people the joint participa- 
tion in such a dignity naturally led to many brawls and 
finally to a general free fight between the two clans inside 
the church in 1532, during which the vicar, Sir John Mac- 
Laurane, was killed. This caused a long-standing feud be- 
tween the two clans which resulted in 1557 in a slaughter by 
the MacGregors of eighteen households of the MacLauranes. 
Numerous members of the MacGregors of Balquhidder were 
put to the horn for this massacre, but none of them were 
convicted. On 9 March 1559, "Malcum McCoule Kair Mac- 
Gregour" and divers others of the Clan Gregour in Balqu- 
hidder bound themselves in fealty as tenants to Lord Colin 
Campbell (later sixth Earl of Argyll) and to serve under his 
protection, rendering their "calpes" [tributes] in the form of 
a horse or cow. Malcolm was living as late as 8 September 
1569, when his son "Malcum Makcoulkeyr alias MacGregour, 
zoungar" [the younger] and two of the latter's younger 
brothers were put to the horn. (See below.) 

He married about 1540, Findlay glas McEantyre, who 
survived to very advanced age, as she is mentioned in a 
decree of horning dated 15 February 1589/90, as "Findlay 
glas McEantyre, relict of umquhile [the deceased] Malcum 
MacCoulcheir in Carnlea" in Balquhidder*. 
Children: 

i. Malcolm24, b. about 1540; is first found men- 
tioned on 8 September 1569, when as "Malcum 
Makcoulkeyr zoungar [the younger] alias Mc- 
Gregour" he was put to the horn (together with 
his brothers Gregor and John and several others 
of the Clan Gregor) for participation in the deaths 
of Hugh and John Stewart in Balquhidder. They 
were acquitted of this charge. He occupied a farm 
called Innerlochlarig in the above parish. As 
"Malcum MacCoulquheir in Innerlochlarig" he 



* From the fourteenth century it has been the custom in Scotland always 
to record wives with their maiden name, as "Janet Campbell the spouse of 
Alexander Gregg". 

22 



appears on a list of 104 of the clan put to the horn 
8 August 1586 on complaints of raiding; released 
13 October 1586. He also appears as "Malcolm 
Macdougalchere in Balquhidder" in a decree of 
horning dated 4 February 1589/90, listing 139 
members of the Clan Gregor charged with the 
murder of John Drummond, forrester of Glen- 
arthy, in September 1589; a royal pardon on these 
charges was decreed to the clan on 4 January 
1591/2. After the slaughter of the Colquhouns by 
the MacGregors at the battle of Glenfruin, 7 
February 1602/3, Malcolm was one of the t^venty- 
five unfortunate hostages for the chief who were 
executed as rebels at Edinburgh, in March 1604. 
(See ante, p. 4 and post, p. 27.) He left issue. 

ii. DouGAL, b. about 1543; resided in Glengyle in 
Balquhidder; is mentioned as "Dougall McCul- 
quheir MacGregor in Glengyle, brother of Mal- 
colm" in the lists of hornings of 8 August 1586 
and 4 February 1589/90, previously mentioned. 

iii. Gregor Dhu^i, b. about 1545; was termed "Dhu" 
from his black hair; is called "Gregour McCul- 
quheir MacGregor in Keyletter" in the list of 104 
men of the Clan Gregor put to the horn on 8 
August 1586. His eldest son, 

Malcolm Oig^s MacGregor, was b. about 
1575. As "Malcolme Oig McGregour McDougall 
Keir" his name appears on a list of 36 of the 
Clan Gregor who gave bond to the Earl of 
Argyll as Lord Lieutenant, 22 April 1601. After 
the proscription of the MacGregor name on 3 
April 1604, Malcolm Oig^^ took the name of 
Stewart. His younger son, 

Donald Glas^^ Stewart alias MacGregor, 
b. about 1610, resumed his ancestral name of 
MacGregor on the repeal of the proscription in 

23 



1661. Soon after this he was commissioned a 
lieut.-colonel in the army, and thereafter is 
generally termed "Lieut.-Col. Donald Mac- 
Gregor in Glengyle". He d. after 1691. He m. 
Margaret Campbell. Their youngest child, 

Rob Roy27 MacGregor, was baptized 7 
March 1670/1. Much has been written concern- 
ing this famous Highland freebooter. As early 
as 1690 he became a noted raider; and on the 
revival in 1693 of the proscription of the name 
of MacGregor, he adopted his mother's name of 
Campbell as a surname. He secured leases of 
lands between the estates of the rival noble 
houses of Montrose and Argyll, and for many 
years was active in buying and selling cattle and 
also in raiding whenever opportunity offered. In 
the Stuart Uprising of 1715, Rob Roy led part 
of the Clan Gregor in the wake of the rebel 
army, but kept his men out of the battle of 
Sheriffmuir and other important engagements, 
although they were alert to participate in any 
plundering. For the next ten years he was con- 
tinually engaged in depredations against the 
estates of the Earl of Montrose, and although 
several times apprehended he always managed 
to escape or secure a pardon through political 
influence. Many of his exploits are related by 
Sir Walter Scott who describes him as a large, 
broad-shouldered, powerfully built man of great 
athletic prowess, with such extraordinary length 
of arms that when erect his wrists hung below 
his knees. His red hair was very thick, and 
frizzled and curled short around his face. He d. 
28 December 1734 at his house in Balquhidder, 
and was buried in the churchyard in that parish 
where his gravestone still remains. By his wife 
Helen Mary MacGregor he had five sons. 



24 



24. iv. John24, b. about 1548. 

V. Duncan, b. about 1550; is mentioned as "Duncane 
McCulquheir MacGregor in Drummiliche" in the 
decree of horning against 104 of the Clan Gregor, 
dated 8 August 1586, previously mentioned, 
vi. Patrick, b. about 1552; is mentioned as "Patrick 
MacCulquheir in Strathyre, brother of Duncan", 
in the hornings against the Clan Gregor, dated 8 
August 1586 and 4 February 1589/90. 
vii. FiNLAY, b. about 1555; appears as "Finlay keir 
McCulquheir MacGregor in Culgart" on the list 
of hornings dated 8 August 1586; and as "Finla 
Keir MacGregor in Colcarrach" on that dated 4 
February 1589/90. 

24. John MacCulchere (or MacCulquheir) 24 Mac- 
Gregor (23. Malcolm MacCulchere^^, MacGregor, Gregor 
MacCulchere—, Dougal Culchere^^, Dougal Ciar Mac- 
Gregor^^, Gregor'^^, John Cham MacGregor'^^, Gregor^'^, 
Malcolm'^^, Gregor MacGregor^^, Gregor^'^, Duncan^^, 
Eoin'^'^, Gillefealaii^^, Malcolm'^^ , Duncan Beg^, Duncan a 
Straileadh^, Eoin MacGregor'^ , Gregor Garbh^, Eoin Mor^, 
Gregor Na Bratach^, Constantine^, Dougheal^, Gregor^) , 
was born in Balquhidder in Perthshire about 1548. The ear- 
liest mention found of him is on 8 September 1569, when he 
and his t^vo elder brothers and others of the clan were put to 
the horn for not appearing to answer an indictment for 
participation in the "slauchter" of the umquhile [late de- 
ceased] Hugh Stewart and John Stewart his brother in 
December 1568, of which charge they were acquitted. These 
three brothers are thus described in this privy seal: 

"Malcum Makcoulkeyr zoungar* alias McGregour. 
Gregour McCoulkeir his brethir. 
John McCoulkeir his brethir". 

On 8 August 1586, letters of horning were entered at 
Perth on complaints by Allan Stewart, John Drummond and 
others, against 104 members of the Clan Gregor, for sundry 

• The younger. 

25 



thefts by raids. Among those of Balquhidder were: "Malcum 
McCoulquheir in Innerlochie; Duncane McCulquheir Mac- 
Gregor in Drummiliche; John McCoulquheir MacGregour, 
thaire [i.e. Drummiliche], brother of above; Dougall Mc- 
Culquheir MacGregor in Glengyle, another brother; Gregour 
McCulquheir MacGregor in Keylecter [Caoletter]; Patrik 
McCulquheir in Strathyre, another brother of Duncan in 
Drummiliche; and Finlay keir McCulquheir MacGregor in 
Culgart". They were released on these charges 13 October 
1586. 

On 4 February 1589/90, a decree of horning was issued 
listing 139 members of the Clan Gregor charged with the 
murder of John Drummond of Drummondernoch, forrester 
of Glenarthy, in September 1589. The gruesome details of 
this noted affair are related by Sir Walter Scott in the intro- 
duction to his "Legend of Montrose". It was charged that the 
said forrester, when deer hunting to secure venison for a 
proposed marriage banquet of King James* and Anne, Prin- 
cess of Denmark, was murdered for revenge by a party of the 
MacGregors, who cut off their victim's head and took it to 
the house of his sister. She invited them to eat and drink 
and set a venison before them which, in her absence to 
secure their drinks, they replaced with her brother's head; 
on her return the shock drove her insane. It was further 
charged that they then took the head to the house of their 
chieftan who showed it to the clan on the next Sunday in 
Balquhidder Church, and that the chief and the whole clan 
avowed the murder as committed by their common counsel, 
and that they swore defense of the authors of the crime. The 
MacGregors of Balquhidder in this horning decree were: 
Malcolm Macdougalchere in Balquhidder and his brothers 
Dougal, Duncan, John, Patrick and Gregor. The Mac- 
Gregors then and in later generations denied any connection 
with this murder, which they claimed was committed by the 
Mclans of the MacDonalds of Glencoe. It is evident that the 
MacGregors were exonerated of the charges, as on 4 January 
1591/2, a royal pardon was issued to Allaster [Alexander] 



* James VI of Scotland, later James I of England. 

26 



MacGregor of Glenstrae and all his kinsmen of the Clan 
Gregor, charged with the slaughter of John Drummond in 
September 1589, as from the date of said murder. 

The last important mention of John MacGregor is in 
connection with the notable conflict at Glenfriiin on 7 Febru- 
ary 1602/.S, an event so fatal to the clan. A spirited accoimt 
of this engagement is gi\en by Sir Walter Scott in the intro- 
duction to his "Rob Roy". As the result of a feud between 
the MacGregors and Colquhoims, Alexander MacGregor of 
Glenstrae, chief of the clan, led over three hundred of his 
men in a southward march of sixty miles from Loch Rannoch 
to raid the Colquhouns of Luss near the south-western end 
of Loch Lomond. Havino learned of the comin^ attack, 
Alexander Colquhoun, Laird of Luss, assembled a force t^vice 
the number of the invaders; but his clan was ambushed on 
boggy ground in the valley of Glenfruin by an attack from 
three sides. It was charged that one hundred and forty of the 
Colquhouns ^vere slaughtered while only two MacGregors 
were killed in this conflict, and that the MacGregors then 
raided off eighty horses, six hundred cattle and eight hun- 
dred sheep. Alexander Colquhoun escaped from the field and 
appealed for redress to King James VI of Scotland (a fcAV 
^veeks later also crowned as King James I of England) . 
Letters of fire and sword -^vere issued against the whole Clan 
Gregor who were proclaimed rebels and outlaws; large 
armed forces ^vere sent asrainst them; the men were hunted 
down with bloodhounds, and many of them were killed or 
imprisoned; the ^vomen ^vere branded on the cheek with a 
key; the boys were taken and dispersed as apprentices about 
the country; and thirty leading men surrendered as hostages 
for the chief of the Clan. By machinations of Archibald 
Campbell, seventh Earl of Argyll, these hostages as well as 
the chief, were tried at Edinburgh, and twenty-five of them 
w^ere condemned as rebels and executed in January, February 
and March 1603/4. Furthermore, by act of the Privy Council 
on 3 April 1603, the name of MacGregor was proscribed and 
abolished; and all members of the clan were ordered to re- 
nounce it for themselves and their descendants, under pain 

27 



of death, and to adopt other names. This disability continued 
in practical effect for nearly sixty years, until revoked by 
Charles II in 1661. 

Among the thirty hostages for the chief, as above men- 
tioned, was "Johnne McCoullcheire in the Braie of Balqu- 
hidder" , who was tried at Edinburgh on 2 March 1603/4, 
"for intercowmoning with the Laird of McGregour and his 
complices that ware at the feild of Glenfrune, sence their 
denunciatioune, and giving of comforte, supplie and freend- 
schipp to thame". At the same trial various old charges 
against him, as a member of the Clan, were raked up, includ- 
ing "pairt in the crewall murthour of auchtene houshalderes 
of the Clan Lawren with their wyves and baimes, committit 
fourtie-sax yeir syne*; also for pairt in the slauchter of 
umquhile [deceased] Hew Stewart, servant to my Lord of 
Athole, committit thertie yeir syne or thairby**; and for 
cowmone thift, cowman ressett of thift, outputing and im- 
puting of thift fra land to land, fra cuntrey to cuntrey, baith 



* This fracas took place in 1557 when this John MacGregor was a mere lad 
of less than ten years; so such a charge shows the vindictiveness of the prose- 
cution. (See ante, p. 22.) 

**This charge was originally brought against him and many others of the 
Clan Gregor on 8 September 1569, and they were acquitted. (See ante, p. 22.) 

28 



of auld and new"*. John24MacGregor was more fortunate 
than most of the hostages, as he was acquitted by the (oUow- 
ing verdict: "The Assyse, bye tlie mouth of Mungo Lyndsay 
of BalluU, Chancellor, find, pronuncet and declarit the said 
Johnne McCoullcheirs to be clene, innocent and acquit of 
the saidis crymes". 

During the whole reign of James I as King of England 
(1603-1625) , the "Nameless Clan" (of Gregor) suffered con- 
tinual and cruel persecutions, mainly under the direction of 
Archibald Campbell, seventh Earl of Argyll, whose vindictive 
course toward the MacGregors completely dismembered and 
threatened nearly to extirpate the clan. 

The name of the wife of John^* MacGregor is unknown. 
Children: 
i. Gregor-5, b. about 1573. 
25. ii. John, b. about 1575. 

25. John25 Gregg als. MacGregor (24. John MacCul- 
chere^"^ MacGregor, Malcolm MacCulchere-^ MacGregor, 
Gregor MacCulchere--, Dougal Culchere'^'^, Dougal Ciar 
MacGregor^^, Gregor^^, John Cham MacGregor'^^, Gregor^'^, 
Malcolm^^, Gregor MacCrregor'^^j, Gregor^'^, Duncan^^, 
Eoin^^, GillefealaTi'^^, Malcolm'^^ , Duncan Beg^, Duncan a 
Straileadh^ , Eoin MacGregor"^ , Gregor Garbh^, Eoin Mor^, 
Gregor Na Bratach*, Constantine^, Dougheal^ , Gregor'^) , 
was born in Balquhidder in Perthshire about 1575. He was 
a young married man ^vhen among the consequences of the 
fatal battle of Glenfruin, the use of the name MacGregor 
was proscribed, under penalty of death, by enactment of 3 
April 1603. Thereupon the members of the clan adopted 
other Scottish family names ;often the maternal family name 
was chosen, while some clung to a resemblance of their 
ancient name by assuming that of Greig or Gregg. For the 
few years following the act of proscription of 3 April 1603, 
the Privy Council Records and numerous Notarial Protocol 

* This general charge could be made with probable truth against any of 
the Highland Clans at that period, from time immemorial engaged in mutual 
raids. 

29 



Books have rolls of members of the clan who had recorded 
the adoption or confirmation of other names; most of these 
remained in permanent use, although many of the families 
returned to the use of the name MacGregor on the revoca- 
tion of the proscription in 1661. The commissariot, retour, 
sasine, protocol and parish records of the beginning of the 
seventeenth century have numerous references to members 
of the Clan Gregor with appellations like Gregg late Mac- 
Gregor, Gregg alias MacGregor, StCAvart alias MacGregor, 
etc. 

The acquittal of his father on 2 March 1603/4 of any com- 
plicity in the raid of Glenfruin, doubtless secured for John^^ 
Gregg an opportunity to remain as a small tackman [or 
lease-holder] in his ancestral parish of Balquhidder. In a pro- 
tocol book of Perth is recorded, under date of 8 May 1604, 
the adoption by John, son of John McCoulchere alias Mac- 
Gregor in Balquhidder, for himself and his bairnes John and 
David (by Margaret Mclntyre his spouse) , of the name 
Gregg, in compliance with an Act of his Majesty's Privy 
Council dated 3 of April 1603, etc. 

The testament dative and inventory of umquhile [de- 
ceased] John Gregg in the Braes of Balquhidder, who died in 
August 1639, was given up by John Gregg in Greenock, 
David Gregg in Glasgow and Andrew Gregg in Balquhidder, 
lawful bairns and executors dative of said umquhile John 
Gregg, by decree of the Commissary of Dunblane. Unfortu- 
nately the registered volumes containing the copies of the 
testaments, testaments dative, inventories, cautioner's bonds, 
etc. of this commissariot are missing from 1637 to 1661; so 
the further details about this estate are lost. The parish 
registers of Balquhidder do not commence until 1696. 

John25 Gregg married about 1600, Margaret McIntyre 
of Balquhidder. 

Children born in Balquhidder: 
26. i. John26, b. about 1600. 
ii. DAvm, b. about 1602. 
iii. ANDRE\^^ b. about 1605. 

30 



26. John26 Gregg (25. John^^ Gregg als. MacGregor, 
John MacCulchere^-^ MacGregor, Malcolm MacCulchere^^ 
MacGregor, Gregor MacCulchere^^, Dougal Culchere^^, 
Dougal Ciar MacGregor^^, Gregor"^^, John Cham Mac- 
Gregor^^, Gregor'^'^ , Malcolm'^^, Gregor MacGregor^^, 
Gregor'^^, Duncan'^^ , Eoin^~, Gillejealan'^'^, Malcolm'^^, Dun- 
can Beg^, Duncan a Straileadh^ , Eoin MacGregor"^, Gregor 
Garbh^, Eoin Mor^, Gregor Na Bratach'^, Constantine^, 
Dougheal^ , Gregor'^) , was born in Balquhidder in Perthshire, 
Scotland, about 1600. He belonged to the young generation 
of the Clan Gregor which suffered great persecutions and 
dispersion, besides proscription of their clan name, as a result 
of the battle of Glenfruin, 7 February 1602/3. This fatal 
affair took place a few years after John^s Gregg's birth, and 
for a score of years thereafter he witnessed the vindictive per- 
secutions of the clan conducted mainly by the Earl of Argyll 
whose power extended over Argyllshire and Perthshire. 
Later removing from the regions dominated by this hated 
nobleman, John^^ Gregg located fifty miles south of his 
native home, settling in Greenock on the Frith of Clyde, a 
dozen miles below Glasgow. Greenock was then a fishing 
port and agricultural parish of a few hundred families, but 
has now become an important sea-port with a population of 
about 80,000. John^e Gregg is called of Greenock at the time 
of his father's death in 1639, and doubtless he had settled 
there over a dozen years previously. 

During the years 1649 and 1650, Oliver Cromwell subdued 
a great rebellion in Ireland, ravaged the country with fire 
and sword, and transported thousands of the inhabitants to 
the southern American and West Indian colonies. Many of 
the Catholic Irish rebels were dispossessed of their lands 
which were soon granted to thousands of English and Scotch 
Protestants who emigrated with their families to Ulster in 
the north of Ireland. Among these Presbyterian, Scottish 
colonists to Ulster was John^s Gregg who removed from 
Greenock in Scotland, probably about 1655, and settled at 
Ballyarnet in the parish of Templemore and near the City of 
Londonderry in Ulster in the north of Ireland. The iden- 

31 




7^ c t ouC^ ^^t/^.4, - 



{^UAyL-f rf ( 



(^-<i-o/\l C' t^ 



tity of this John26 Gregg is fortunately preserved by a trans- 
fer of land recorded by means of a notarial sasine. Sasine 
dated 29 July 1657, following a writ in charter of alienation 
etc., by John Gregg of the Liberties of Londonderry in the 
parish of Templemore in the Kingdom of Ireland, for enfeof- 
fing David Gregg in Greenock in Renfrewshire in the King- 
dom of Scotland, his brother, of a certain tenement in said 
Greenock. Charter dated 21 July 1657, signed by John Gregg 
and Janet Gibson his spouse. 

In a subsidy roll of County Londonderry, Ireland, of 19 
Charles II [1667], John Gregg in Ballyarnet in Co. London- 
derry was assessed 2s. 2d. on goods rated at £4-0-0. This is the 
latest mention found of John^e Gregg. 

He married about 1625, Janet Gibson. 
Children born in Scotland: 
27. i. David27, b. about 1625. 
ii. James. 
iii. Margaret; m. Robert Miller. 

27. David27 Gregg* (26. John^^ Gregg, John 25 Gregg 
als. MacGregor, John MacCulchere^* MacGregor, Malcolm 
MacCulchere^^ MacGregor, Gregor MacCulchere^^, Dougal 
Culchere-'^, Dougal Ciar MacGregor^^, Gregor^^, John Cham 
MacGregor^^, Gregor^"^, Malcolm'^^, Gregor MacGregor'^^, 
Gregor^^, Duncan^^, Eoin'^^, Gillefealan'^'^, Malcolm''-^, Dun- 
can Beg^, Duncan a Straileadh^, Eoin MacGregor'^, Gregor 
Garbh^, Eoin Mor^, Gregor Na Bratach^, Constantine^, 
DougheaP, Gregor'^), was born about 1625, probably in 
Greenock, Renfrewshire, Scotland, where it is certain his 
father was living a few years later.** 

He learned the tanner's trade and when a young man went 
to Ulster in the north of Ireland, according to tradition as a 
captain in Cromwell's army [1649]. No evidence of this mili- 

* Much of the history of this David27 Gregg and his children is deiived 
from an account of the family left by his great-grandson WilliamSO Gregg 
(b. near Londonderry, Ireland, about 1715, d. in Windham, N. H. in 1807). 

**David27 Gregg \vas of the same generation and a third-cousin of Rob 
Roy27 MacGregor, the famous Highland freebooter, although the latter was 
over forty years younger. (See ante, p. 24.) 

34 



tary service has been found, and it is more likely that he 
emigrated with his latiier about 1655 as a colonist to take up 
leases of forfeited land in Ireland. He secured a small farm in 
Ballyarnet near Londonderry where he also established a 
successful tannery. In the subsidy roll of County London- 
derry, Ireland, of 19 Charles II [1667], David Gregg in Bally- 
arnet, Co. Londonderry, was assessed 4s. 4d. on goods rated 
at £8-0-0. 

James II who ascended the throne of England in 1685 was 
a Catholic and steadily endeavored to put the government 
into their hands; but by a bloodless Revolution in December 
1688 he was obliged to flee to France, and his nephew Wil- 
liam III, a Protestant, became King of England. James 
attempted to regain his crown by landing on 12 March 
1688/9 with a considerable French force in Ireland, where 
he soon raised a large Catholic Irish army. The English and 
Scottish Protestants in Ulster were at once subjected to raids 
and massacres by the greatly outnumbering Irish, and to the 
number of thirty thousand were soon obliged to take refuge 
in the walled City of Londonderry which on 15 April 1689 
was invested by James' army of forty thousand men. After 
enduring a siege of over a hundred days, with indomitable 
bravery under terrible privations, the Protestant defenders 
were relieved by the arrival of an English squadron on 30 
July 1689. Eleven months later the army of James II was 
totally defeated by that of William III at the celebrated bat- 
tle of the Boyne, 1 July 1 690, which was soon followed by the 
subjugation of all Ireland. t J^.89S**^'S 

Shortly after the arrival of James II in Ireland, a band of 
forty Irishmen early in April 1689 raided David Gregg's 
house, murdered him, his wife and his son John^s Gregg, 
carried off £300 in gold and all his goods and stock, and 
burned the house and other buildings. The raiders were 
guided by an Irish apprentice of the Greggs. The wife and 
five young children of John^s Gregg escaped this massacre, 
as they had just been sent for safety into Londonderry 
whither the other less fortunate members of the family had 
intended shortly to follow. 

35 



The name of the wife of David^^ Gregg is unknown, and 
the names of only two of his children have been ascertained. 
Children: 
28. i. John28, b. about 1655. 

ii, Andrew, b. about 1660; appears in Ballyarnet as 
abated 6d. on a poll tax in 1699 which he was 
charged for a servant that he did not have. 

28. John28 Gregg (27. David^'^ Gregg, John^^ Gregg, 
John^^ Gregg ah. MacGregor, John MacCulchere^^ Mac- 
Gregor, Malcolm MacCulchere^^ MacGregor, Gregor Mac- 
Culchere^^, Dougal Culchere-'^ , Dougal Ciar MacGregor^^, 
Gregor'^^, John Cham MacGregor'^^, Gregor'^'^, Malcolm^^, 
Gregor MacGregor'^^, Gregor'^^, Duncan^^, Eoin^^, Gille- 
fealan^^, Malcolm'^^, Duncan Beg^, Duncan a Straileadh^, 
Eoin MacGregor'^, Gregor Garbh^, Eoin Mor^, Gregor Na 
Bratach'^, Constantine^, Dougheal-, Gregor'^) , was born 
about 1655 or about the time that his father and grandfather 
settled at Ballyarnet near Londonderry in the north of Ire- 
land. Here he grew to manhood and engaged in the tannery 
business with his father. According to the relation left by his 
grandson William^o Gregg (born in 1715, died in 1807), 
when the Irish raided the Gregg homestead near London- 
derry early in April 1689, John^s Gregg ran to the stable and 
while mounting a horse to escape he was cut down with a 
scythe. His wife and children had just previously been sent 
into Londonderry for safety, so they escaped this massacre, 
but suffered the terrible hardships of the ensuing siege of 
Londonderry. 

John28 Gregg married about 1680, Rachel . 

Children born in Ballyarnet near Londonderry in Ulster, 
Ireland: 

i. John29, b. about 1680; became a merchant in Lon- 
donderry and also resided in Ballyarnet where he 
appears on a list of the Protestant householders in 
1740 and d. in 1744. 



36 



The will ol Jolm Gregg of Londonderry in the 
Diocese of Deny, merciiant, signed 28 November 
1743. To my wife Mary (iiiage my sloop called 
"The Three Brothers" and my other sloop called 
"The Catherine" and my farm in Ballyarnet, she 
to distrbute them among our children. Executors: 
my said wife, Samuel Curry of Londonderry, tan- 
ner, and my son Andrew Gregg of Ballyarnet. 
Proved 11 June 1744. 

He m. Mary Guage. 
Children 

1. ELizABErH"<\ b. about 1707; m. Lang of 

Ballynegallah near Londonderry. 

2. Andrew, b. about 1710; on the list of the 
Protestant householders in Ballyarnet in 1740 
and an executor of the will of his father in 
1744. 

3. William, b. about 1715; emigrated to Pax- 
tang, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, where 
he died in July 1744, unmarried. By his will 
he left his estate to his father, to his sister 
Elizabeth Lang of Ballynegallah near Lon- 
donderry in Ireland, and to his uncle An- 
drew-9 Gregg of Chestnut Level, Lancaster 
County, Penn. 

ii. Samuel29, b. about 1682; emigrated to New Eng- 
land with his two younger brothers and arrived in 
Boston about 1723. According to the relation of 
his nephew William^o Gregg of Windham, N. H. 
(born 1715, died 1807) , this Samuel Gregg located 
in Groton, Mass. He evidently d. soon afterwards 
as but meagre mention of him can be found. He 

m. Margaret , 

Child: 

1. Jacob^o^ b. about 1710; emigrated to New 
England with the rest of the family about 
1723 and resided in Groton, Mass. He m. 



37 



about 1738, Margaret , Children born in 

Groton (Gregg) : 1. Jacob, b. 18 March 
1738/9. 2. John, b. 9 July 1741. 3. Thomas, b. 
21 July 1746. 4. Susanna, b. 22 October 1749. 
5. Samuel, b. 15 February 1752. 6. Margaret, 
b. 2 May 1754. 

29. iii. David29, b. in 1684. 

iv. Rachel, b. about 1686; m. in Ireland, Solomon 
Walker. They emigrated to New England with 
her brothers about 1723 and soon accompanied 
her brother Andrew Gregg to Newcastle, Del. 
They eventually settled in Cumberland County, 

V. Andrew, b. about 1688; emigrated to New Eng- 
land with his brothers Samuel and David, arriving 
in Boston about 1723. He soon took ship for Phila- 
delphia, Penn., but landed at Newcastle, Del. 
After a score of years of residence at Chestnut 
Level in Drumore Township, Penn., he removed 
to Carlisle, Cumberland County, Penn., securing 
a large farm t^vo miles north-west of that town 
where he d. 18 November 1789, at the age of 100 
years. 

The name of his first wife is unknown; she d. 
about 1746. He m. (2), about 1748, Jean Scott. 

Children by first marriage: 

1. John30, b. about 1720. 

2. James 

3. Rachel. 

4. Margaret. 

5. Jean. 

6. Elizabeth. 

Children by second marriage: 

7. Matthew^o. 



8. Andrew, b. near Carlisle, Penn., 10 June 
1755; graduated at the University of Penn. 
in 1782; settled in 1789 at Penn's Valley, 
Center County, Penn.; was Member of Con- 
gress 1791-1807, United States Senator 1807- 
1813, and Secretary of Pennsylvania 1820- 
1823. He d. at Bellefonte, Center County, 
Penn., 30 May 1835. He left a brief account 
of his ancestry in which he mentions his 
grandfather John-^ Gregg of Londonderry in 
Ireland, his uncle John^^ Gregg a merchant 
there, his uncle David^^ Gregg of London- 
derry, N. H., his aunt Rachel^^ (Gregg) 
Walker, wife of Solomon Walker, and his 
father Andrew^^ Gregg. 

29. David Gregg (28. John^^ G''^^gS> David^"^ Gregg, 
John-^ Gregg, JoJin-^ Gregg als. MacGregor, John Mac- 
Culchere^^ MacGregor, Malcolm MacCulchere^^ MacGregor, 
Gregor MacCulchere^^ , Dougal Gulchere^'^, Dougal Ciar 
AlacGregor-^, Gregor'^^, John Cham MacGregor^^, Gregor'^'^ , 
Malcolm'^^, Gregor MacGregor'^^, Gregor'^'^, Duncan'^^, 
Eoin'^^, Gillefealan'^'^, Malcolm'^^, Duncan Beg^, Duncan 
a Straileadh^, Eoin MacGregor'' , Gregor Garhh^, Eoin Mor^, 
Gregor A^a Brafach^, Constantine^, DougheaP, Gregor'^) , 
was born in 1684 at Ballyarnet near Londonderry, in Ulster, 
Ireland. He was only four years of age when his father and 
grandparents were massacred early in April 1689 by a band 
of Irish raiders, a fate escaped by his mother and her children 
by their previously taking refuge within the walls of the City 
of Londonderry. During the next hundred days he lived 
through the horrors of the famous siege of Londonderry, 
when the wretched population was reduced to the extremity 
of eating even rats and old shoes, until relieved by the arrival 
of an English squadron on 30 July 1689. These privations 
followed by a terrible pestilence which ravaged the city until 
the approach of winter weather. In the Spring of 1690 a large 
English army under William III arrived in Ulster and com- 

39 



pletely defeated the Irish and French army of James II at the 
great battle of the Boyne, 1 July 1690. The whole of Ireland 
was soon subjugated, and a new emigration of a hundred 
thousand Presbyterians poured into Ulster from Scotland 
during the next score of years. David^s Gregg grew to man- 
hood near Londonderry during this period which was one of 
great prosperity in Ulster. But about 1710, large increase in 
rents, the exactions of tithes by the Established [Episcopal] 
Church of Ireland, political discriminations against the Pres- 
byterians, oppressive trade enactments, and some bad har- 
vests caused the Ulster-Scot population to become discon- 
tented and unsettled and to look towards America for 
betterment of their condition. The result was the commence- 
ment in 1718 of a great emigration of Ulster-Scots* from the 
north of Ireland to America which continued in waves for 
over half a century, during which time some 150,000 of them 
settled in the American Colonies from Maine to Georgia. 
They were a hardy and vigorous race, both mentally and 
physically, by the time of the Revolution they constituted an 
eighth of the white population of the Colonies, in the course 
of a few generations they were welded into the older English 
stock, and they were a very valuable element in the develop- 
ment of American institutions. The first of these colonists 
arrived in five vessels at Boston in the Summer of 1718, and 
early the next Spring they founded Londonderry, N. H. 

The exact time of the arrival in New England of David^^ 
Gregg and his brothers is unknown; but it was probably 
about 1723. According to the relation of his son William^o 
Gregg (born in 1715, died in 1807), David^^ Gregg settled 
first in Watertown, Mass., where he remained nearly nine 
years; but believing the water there injured his health, he 
removed to Londonderry, N. H. This statement is partly con- 
firmed by the following mentions of David^^ Gregg in the 
Watertown Records from 1725 to 1730: 



• These emigrants have often been erroneously called Scotch-Irish, 
leading term as they had no Irish blood in their ancestry. 

40 



15 Dec. 1729. Joseph Grout, late constable [7 Mar. 1725 — 
6 Mar. 1726], pleaded abatement in his list of David Gragg's 
rate of 4s. 5d.; abatement voted. 

1 Mar. 1730/1. Voted not to sink David Gragg's rates in 
the list of Thomas Harrington [constable 4 Mar. 1727 — 3 
Mar. 1728]. 

10 Dec. 1734. Voted to sink David Grag's rates of 13s. 4d. 
the list of David Meed [constable 2 Mar. 1729 - 2 Mar. 1730]. 

David Gregg evidently settled in Londonderry, N. H. in 
1730, as on 9 Oct. 1730, three hundred acres were laid out by 
the Proprietors of Londonderry to David Gregg and 
Alexander McCoy, east of Stone Dam, bounds beginning on 
Beaver Brook near the said dam. This farm was located in 
that part of Londonderry which in 1742 was set off to form 
the town of Windham, N. H. He built his house on the top 
of Castle Hill at Stone Dam, a few rods southeast of the 
house owned by Charles W. Campbell in 1880, when the old 
cellar was still discernible. At the time of David Gregg's 
settlement here, the region was a wilderness abounding in 
bears, wolves, catamounts, deer, and other wild animals. 

He was among the fifty inhabitants of Londonderry who 
petitioned in 1741 to be set off into a new town, which was 
incorporated as Windham on 12 February 1741/2. In the 
new town, David Gregg was elected a surveyor of highways 
8 March 1741/2, moderator 8 March 1742/3, constable 8 
March 1743/4, and selectman 9 March 1746/7. He was 
described by his son as a devout Presbyterian and a man of 
Herculean size and strength, six feet and four inches in 
stature, weighing 340 poimds, and able to lift 1200 pounds 
with ease. He died suddenly, while at his table, from a stroke 
of apoplexy in 1758. 

He married in Ireland about 1713, Mary Nevins. 
Children: 
30. i. WiLLiAM^o, b. in or near Londonderry, Ireland 
about 1715. 
ii. Jane, b. about 1717. 
iii. Mary, b. about 1720. 

41 



iv. Hannah, b. about 1722. 

V. John, b. about 1725; drowned near Portsmouth, 
N. H. He m. in 1753, Isabella Hemphill, b. in 
Windham, N. H., in 1733, daughter of Nathaniel 
and Isabella ( ) Hemphill; she d. in 

Windham 9 August 1764. 
Children born in Windham: 

1. Hannah^i, b. 26 February 1754. 

2. Mary, b. 16 October 1755. 

vi. Capt. David^o, b. about 1727; went to sea about 
1742 and did not return home until about 1753 
when he settled in Windham and eventually suc- 
ceeded to his father's homstead there. During the 
French and Indian Wars he was captain of a fleet 
of bateaux on the Moha^vk River, N. Y. in the 
campaign of 1758. He became an elder in the 
Windham Church and held town offices for many 
years. He m. at Windham 6 April 1756, Anne 
Clyde, b. about 1730, daughter of Daniel and 
Esther (Rankin) Clyde, emigrants from London- 
derry, Ireland, to Londonderry, N. H. about 1730. 
Children born in Windham, N. H. 

1. Esther3i, b. 12 Sept. 1757; m. 8 Dec. 1778, 
Alexander McCauley. 

2. Jane, b. 10 October 1759; m. 12 February 
1784, her cousin David^^ Gregg. 

3. Mary, b. 12 July 1761. She m. (1), Rev. 
Simon Finley Williams, b. in Princeton, 
N. J., 23 July 1764; graduated at Dartmouth 
College in 1785; minister in Methuen, Mass. 
1786-1791 and in Meredith, N. H. 1792- 
1797; d. at sea 3 July 1800. She m. (2), 12 
May 1808, John Anderson of Windham. 

4. Anne, b. 15 July 1763; m. William David- 
son of Windham and Antrim, N. H. 

5. Isabel, b. 16 February 1765; m. about 1790, 
Henry Campbell of Windham. 



42 



6. David, b. 8 April 1767; succeeded to the 
homestead ot his father and grandfather in 
Windliam, but in 1822 removed with his 
family to Waterford, N. Y., where he d. 13 
July 1841. 

7. Daniel, b. 11 March 1769; d. in Windham 
28 January 1801. 

8. Nancy, b. about 1772; d. young. 

vii. Thomas-'o, b. about 1729; d. in military service 
in the French and Indian War, near Schenectady, 
N. Y., 19 September 1758. 

30. WiLLiAM-o Gregg (29. David^^ Gregg, John^^ Gregg, 
David'^'^ Gregg, Johri^'^ Gregg, John-^ Gregg ah. MacGregor, 
John MacCulchere^* MacGregor, Malcolm MacCulchere^^ 
MacGregor, Gregor MacCulchere-^, Dougal Culchere^'^, 
Dougal Ciar MacGregor-^, Gregor'^^, John Cham. Mac- 
Gregor'^^, Gregor^'', Malcolm^^, Gregor MacGregor''-^, 
Gregor'^'^, Duncan^^\ Eoin^-, Gillefealan'^'^, Malcolm'^^, 
Duncan Beg^, Duncan a Straileadh^, Eoin MacGregor"^, 
Gregor Garbh^, Eoin Mor^, Gregor Na Bratach'^, Constan- 
tine^, Dougheal-, Gregor'^) , was born about 1715 in or near 
Londonderry in Ulster, Ireland. When eight years of age he 
was brought to New England by his parents about 1723, and 
lived ^^nxh them in Watertown, Mass. until 1730. He then 
accompanied them to Londonderry, N. H., where he later 
located on a farm that in 1742 was set off into the new town 
of Windham, N. H., for the incorporation of which he Avas 
one of fifty petitioners in 1741. In this community he soon 
became a man of prominence; was elected moderator in 1744, 
1745 and 1767; town clerk 1747-1752; constable in 1759; 
and selectman in 1742, 1743, 1756, 1757, 1762 and 1763. 
During the French and Indian Wars he enlisted 24 August 
1745 in Capt. Peter Pattee's cavalry company and served a 
few days of scouting in the Merrimac Valley. 



43 



During the War of the Revolution, on 12 April 1776 the 
Committee of Safety of New Hampshire directed the follow- 
ing declaration (called the Association Test) to be read in 
each town to every male over twenty-one years of age, who 
were requested to sign it, and also ordered lists to be re- 
turned of those who refused to sign. In Windham it was 
signed by 96 men (including William^o Gregg and all the 
other Greggs there) , and there were only three Tories who 
refused to sign; similar percentages of Whigs and Tories 
prevailed throughout the Colony. "We the Subscribers, do 
hereby solemnly engage and promise that we will, to the 
utmost of our Power, at the Risque of our Lives and For- 
tunes, with Arms oppose the Hostile Proceedings of the 
British Fleets and Armies against the United American Colo- 
nies". "Hugh Graham, Jr., William Gregg, Jr., Alexander 
McCoy, John Campbell, Henry Campbell, Robert Park, 
David Gregg, William Gregg, David Gregg, Jr., Thomas 
Gregg, Alexander Gregg", etc. 

William'^o Gregg resided on the farm in Windham owned 
in 1880 by Wellington Russell, and was listed in the United 
States Census of 1790 as head of a family in Windham of one 
male over sixteen years and one female. Unlike his father he 
was rather short in stature, but like him he had great muscu- 
lar strength and even greater vitality and powers of endur- 
ance. He was a noted hunter of the bears, catamounts, 
wolves, deer and other wild animals abounding in the region 
before the Revolution. His mind and memory continued 
remarkably strong and vigorous until his death in his ninety- 
second year; although he left Ireland at the age of eight 
years, over eighty years later he could describe with minute 
detail the streets, buildino;s, walls, fortifications and other 
features of the old city of Londonderry; and he left a vivid 
relation of the history of three generations of his ancestors in 
Ireland as recounted to him by his father and other older 
natives of old Londonderry. He was a man of the deep piety, 
strong convictions and indomitable resolution characteristic 
of the Scottish Presbyterians; and his naturally strong in- 

44 



tellect had been improved by a good education for his times 
and environment. He died in Windham in 1807 in his 
ninety-second year. 

He married at Haverhill, Mass., 31 January 1739/40, 
Elizabeth Kyle, born in Ulster 17 January 1720, probably 
daughter of John and Mary ( ) Kyle, later of 

Windham, N. H. According to her grandson, she was a hand- 
some woman with dark eyes and hair and a beautiful com- 
plexion, and of gentle, amiable disposition; she died about 
1805, aged about eighty-five years. 

Children born in \Vindham, N. H.: 
i. DAvmSi, b. 7 Dec. 1740; d. 6 March 1748/9, and 
was the first person buried in the old Plain 
Cemetery in Windham, 
ii. John, b. 23 July 1742; d. in the military service in 

the French and Indian War about 1759. 

iii. WnxiAM, b. 3 July 1744; succeeded to his father's 

homestead in Windham where he d. 18 October 

1817. He m. Isabel Dunlap, by whom he had ten 

children. 

iv. Elizabeth, b. 11 August 1746; m. Richard Sisk. 

v, Alexander, b. 9 September 1748; d. 9 February 

1754. 
vi. David, b. 4 October 1750; was a soldier in the 
Revolution; resided in Windham where he d. 31 
March 1831. He m. 12 February 1784, his cousin 
Jane^i Gregg, b. in Windham 10 October 1759, 
d. there 12 April 1812, daughter of Capt. David^o 
and Anne (Clyde) Gregg. They had seven chil- 
dren, 
vii. Thomas, b. 2 September 1752; was a soldier in the 
Revolution; resided in Windham and d. in 1779. 
He m. Mary Douglass and had one child, 
viii. Alexander, b. 9 February 1755; was a soldier in 
the Revolution; in 1785 settled in Antrim, N. H. 
where he d. 1 April 1830. He m. 28 December 
1786, Sarah Adams, born about 1760, daughter 

45 



of James and Mary (Montgomery) Adams; she d. 
in Antrim 9 March 1839. They had seven children. 

ix. Mary, b. 11 March 1757; m. Hugh McKeen of 
Acworth, N. H. and Genesee, N. Y. 

X. Jane, b. 2 March 1761; m. James McIlvaine and 
settled in Francestown, N. H. 

31. xi. John, b. 4 June 1763. 

31. Johns 1 Gregg (30. William^^ Gregg, David^^ Gregg, 
John^^ Gregg, Davidr'^ Gregg, John^^ Gregg, John-^ Gregg 
ah. MacGregor, John MacCulchere^'^ MacGregor, Malcolm 
MacCulchere^^ MacGregor, Gregor MacCulchere^^, Dougal 
Culchere-'^, Dougal Ciar MacGregor^^, Gregor'^^, John Cham 
MacGregor^^, Gregor^'^, Malcolm'^^, Gregor MacGregor'^^, 
Gregor'^^, Duncan'^^, Eoin'^^, Gillefealan'^'^, Malcolm'^^ , Dun- 
can Beg^, Duncan a Straileadh^, Eoin MacGregor"^, Gregor 
Garbh^, Eoin Mor^, Gregor Na Bratach'^, Constantine^, 
Dougheal^ , Gregor'^) , was born in Windham, N. H., 4 June 
1763. He was the youngest of the eleven children of his 
parents, and was named for an older brother, born a score 
of years earlier, who had perished in the military service in 
the French and Indian Wars. He was only eleven years of age 
when the Revolution broke out, so was too young for mili- 
tary service in that war in which three of his older brothers 
were soldiers. About the time of his marriage in 1789 he 
settled in Acworth, N. H., where as "John Gragg" he is 
enrolled in the United States Census of 1790 as head of a 
family of one male over sixteen years, no male under sixteen 
years, and one female. This enumeration refers to himself 
and his wife, none of their children being then born. Ac- 
worth was chartered in 1766, and John Gregg bought and 
resided on lots nos. 17 and 18 in range 11, near Cold Pond, 
in the extreme north-east corner of the town. He was a 
farmer and a man of retiring disposition, holding none of 
the town offices. Inheriting the great vitality of his ancestors 
he lived to the advanced age of eighty-seven years, dying in 
Acworth 9 January 1851. 

46 



He married about 1789, Lydia Melvin, born about 1763, 
daughter of Benjamin and Mary (Marshall?) Melvin of 
Nottingham West (no^v Hudson) N. H. 

Children born in Acworth, N. H.: 
i. Betsev32, b. about 1791; m. David Blanchard. 
ii. Polly, b. 8 March 1794; d. 21 May 1816. un- 
married. 

32. iii. John, b. 1 January 1796. 

iv. Lydia, b. about 1798; d. unmarried. 

V. William, b. 2 October 1801; settled in Charles- 
town, N. H. He m. in January 1839, Adeline 
Frost, b. about 1817, d. 20 August 1863, daughter 
of Thomas and Betsey (Butters) Frost. 
Children born in Charlestown, N. H.: 

1. George W.^s, b. 25 March 1840; d. 29 Sep- 
tember 1853. 

2. Susan M., b. 26 October 1842. 

3. Mary, b. 12 May 1844; d. 10 September 1862. 
vi. Lucinda32, b. about 1804; d. unmarried. 

vii. Benjamin, b. about 1806; settled in Bennington, 
Vt. He m. Cynthia Symonds, daughter of Sargent 
and Sarah (Gould) Symonds. 
Children: 

1. James A.^s, b. about 1835. 

2. Sarah A. 

3. Cynthia M. 

4. Almira. 

5. Corinda. 

6. George W. 

7. Louisa. 

viii. Harvey32, b. about 1810; removed to Ohio. He m. 
Harriet West. 



47 



32. John32 Gregg (31. John^^ Gregg, William^^ Gregg, 
David^^ Gregg, John^^ Gregg, David^'^ Gregg, John^^ Gregg, 
John^^ Gregg ah. MacGregor, John MacCulchere^^ Mac- 
Gregor, Malcolm MacCulchere^^ MacGregor, Gregor Mac- 
Culchere^^, Dougal Culchere^^, Dougal Ciar MacGregor^^, 
Gregor'^^, John Cham MacGregor'^^, Gregor^'^, Malcolm^^, 
Gregor MacGregor^^, Gregori^, Duncan^^, Eoin^^, Gille- 
fealan^^, Malcolm'^^, Duncan Beg^, Duncan a Straileadh^, 
Eoin MacGregor'^ , Gregor Garhh^, Eoin Mor^, Gregor Na 
Bratach^, Constantine^, Dougheal^, Gregor'^) , was born in 
Acworth, N. H., 1 January 1796. He was brought up there 
on his father's farm, and after his marriage lived for a while 
in Albany, Vt., and Claremont and Charlestown, N. H. Later 
he returned to Acworth and in 1851 succeeded to his father's 
homestead near Cold Pond in Acworth. He was chosen one 
of the vice-presidents of the Centennial Anniversary of Ac- 
worth on 16 September 1868, and he died 6 December 1872. 

He married first, at Weare, N. H., 15 February 1821, 
Hannah Barnard, daughter of John and Dorothy (Currier) 
Barnard, by whom he had three children. 

He married secondly, at Rockingham, Vt., 3 November 
1835, Louisa Morrison, born there in September 1800, 
daughter of Jonathan and Anna (Davis) Morrison. 
Children by first marriage: 
33. i. Clark Chamberlain^s, b. in Albany, Vt., 5 Febru- 
ary 1822. 
ii. Lydia; d. young, 
iii. Lucinda; d. young. 

Child by a second marriage: 
iv. George M.33, b. 14 July 1844. 

33. Clark Chamberlain^^ Gregg (32. John^^ Gregg, 
John^^ Gregg, William^^ Gregg, David^^ Gregg, John^^ 
Gregg, David^'^ Gregg, John^^ Gregg, John^^ Gregg als. Mac- 
Gregor, John MacCulchere^^ MacGregor, Malcolm Mac- 
Culchere^^ MacGregor, Gregor MacCulchere^^, Dougal 

48 



Culchere^^, Dougal Ciar MacGregor^^, Gregor'^^, John Cham 
MacGrego)^^, Gregor^'^, Malcolm'^^, Gregor MacGregor'^^, 
Gregor'^*, Duncan'^'^, Eoin'^^, Gillefealan'^'^, Malcolm^^, 
Duncan Beg^, Duncan a Straileadh^, Eoin MacGregor'^ , 
Gregor Garbh^, Eoin Mor^, Gregor Na Bratach'^, Constan- 
tine^, DougJieal-, Gregor''-), was born 5 February 1822 in 
Albany, Vt. He passed his earlier years in Claremont, Charles- 
town and Acworth, N. H., and about 1855 located in Boston, 
Mass. During the Civil War he became Boston agent for the 
Norwich-New York steamship line in which connection he 
continued for many years. About 1870 he settled in Hyde 
Park, Mass., where he resided until his death, 20 December 
1891, at the age of nearly seventy years. 

He married Laura Frances Dennison, born in Freeport, 
Maine, 15 December 1833, daughter of Captain Joseph and 
Lucinda (Townsend) Dennison; she died in Marion, Mass., 
5 September 1913, in her eightieth year. 

Children born in Boston, Mass.: 
i. Clara34, b. 22 Mar. 1864. ffl 

ii. Isabel Clark, b. 18 August 1865; d. in Hyde 
Park, Mass. 31 August 1880. 

iii. Carrie Morton, b. 7 December 1866; m. at Hyde 
Park, Mass., 18 June 1889, Galen Luther Stone, 
b. in Leominster, Mass. 21 November 1862, son of 
Henry A. and Sarah E. (Stevenson) Stone. From 
1892 to 1922 he was a member of the firm of 
Hayden, Stone and Company, bankers and brokers, 
of Boston and New York. Residences: 149 Buck- 
minster Road, Brookline, Mass., and Great Hill, 
Marion, Mass. 

Children (Stone) : 

1. Katharine, b. in Hyde Park, Mass. 10 May 
1890; m. at Marion, Mass. 5 September 1911, 
Richard Farnsworth Hoyt, b. in Revere, 
Mass. 3 July 1888, son of Charles Chase and 
Emma Josephine (Farnsworth) Hoyt. He is 

49 



a member of the firm of Hayden, Stone and 
Company. Children born in Brookline 
{Hoyt) : 1. Eleanor, b. 1 June 1912. 2. Vir- 
ginia, b. 2 March 1915. 

2. Margaret, b. in HydePark, Mass. 8 January 
1894; m. at Marion, Mass. 8 July 1915, 
Huntington Reed Hardwick, b. in Quincy, 
Mass. 15 October 1892, son of Charles Theo- 
dore and Emma Leslie (Baldwin) Hardwick. 
He is a salesman with Hayden, Stone and 
Company and resides in Brookline, Mass. 
Child (Hardwick) : 1. Margaret Stone, b. in 
Brookline 9 July 1916. 

3. Robert Gregg, b. in Brookline, Mass. 28 
January 1898; is a salesman with Hayden, 
Stone and Company and resides in Brookline. 
He m. at Hingham, Mass., 28 June 1919, 
Bertha Lea Barnes, b. there 11 September 
1898, daughter of Charles Benjamin and 
Josephine Lea (Low) Barnes. Child (Stone) : 
1. Galen Luther 2nd., b. in Brookline, 4 
July 1921. 

4. Barbara, b. in Brookline, Mass., 6 June 1904. 



50 



List of Authorities 

Printed 

Burke's Landed Gentry. 

Douglas's Baronage of Scotland (1798). 

Historical Notices of the Clan Gregor (1831) . 

Burke's Commoners. 

Herald and Genealogist, vol. 5. 

Harleian Society, vol. 39. 

History of the Clan Gregor (1898) . 

Brown's History of the Highlands (4 vols.) . 

Society of Antiquaries of Scotland (30 vols.) . 

Exchequer Rolls of Scotland (4 vols.) . 

Scottish History Society (35 vols.) . 

The Scots Peerage (9 vols.) . 

Register of the Privy Council of Scotland 1478-1707 (70 

vols.) . 
Celtic Scotland. 

Memoir of the MacGregors and the MacAlpins (1770) . 
Highlanders of Scotland. 
Lairds of Glenlyon. 
Mss. of Dean of Lismore, collected 1512-1531 (printed 

1862). 
Archaelogia Scotica. 

Dictionary of National Biography (22 vols.) . 
Chiefs of Colquhoun. 
Scott's "Rob Roy". 
Celebrated Trials in Scotland. 
Pitcairne's "Criminal Trials". 
History of "Rob Roy" by A. H. Miller (1883) . 
Scottish Record Society (50 vols.) . 
Acts of Parliament of Scotland 1124-1707 (11 vols.). 

51 



Register of Great Seal of Scotland 1306-1424. 

Rolls of Scotland 1290-1526 (12 vols.). 

State Papers, Scotland, 1509-1603. 

Deputy Keeper's Reports on Public Records of Ireland (30 

vols.) . 
Records of General Synod of Ulster (3 vols.) . 
Cromwellian Settlement of Ireland. 
History of New Boston, N. H. 
Egle's Pennsylvania Genealogies. 
History of Wilton, N. H. 
History of Peterborough, N. H. 
Bolton's Scotch Irish Pioneers. 
Hanna's The Scotch Irish. 
History of Londonderry, N. H. 
History of Windham, N. H. 
History of Acworth, N. H. 

Records & Vital Records of Londonderry, N. H. 
State Papers of New Hampshire (33 vols.) . 
History of Antrim, N. H. 
History of Henniker, N. H. 



52 



Manuscript Collections and Original Records. 

The Chartulary of the Clan Gregor (6 vols.) . Compiled 

1822-1833. 
The Black Book of Taymouth. 
Chronicle of Fortingal (compiled 1512-1531). 
Latin History of the Alpinian Family (13th century) . 
Workman's Mss. of Arms in Lyon Office. 
Register of Hornings of Perth. 
Sheriff's Clerk Records of Perth. 

MacGregor and Gregg Testaments etc. of Scotland in 
Commissariots of Argyll, Dunkeld, Ross, Glasgow, Hamilton, 
and Campsie, Dunblane, Dumfries, St. Andrews and Stirling, 
covering the Shires of Argyll, Renfrew, Dumbarton, Sterling 
and Perth. 

Gregg wills administrations etc. in Ireland in Dioceses of 
Connor, Derry, Down, Dromore, Armagh, Raphoe, Derry, 
Clogher, Newry, Kilmore, and in Prerogative Court of Arch- 
bishop of Armagh, covering the counties of Antrim, Armagh, 
Cavan, Donegal, Down, Fermanagh, Londonderry, Mona- 
ghan, Tyrone, constituting the Province of Ulster in Ireland. 
(Four Courts at Dublin.) 

Hearth Tax Rolls and Subsidy Rolls for Ulster. (Four 
Courts at Dublin.) 

List of Protestant Householders in Ulster 1740. 

Gregg Deeds from 1708 at Registry of Deeds, Dublin. 

Records of Presbytery of Londonderry. 

Marriage Licenses. (Four Courts, Dublin) . 

Sasine Registers of Scotland: General Series 1617-1650; 
Particular Series for Argyllshire from 1599, Perthshire from 
1601, and Renfrewshire from 1641. 

Notarial Protocol Books of Argyllshire, Perthshire and 
Renfrewshire. 



53