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Full text of "The ancestry of Daniel Bontecou, of Springfield, Mass. : a record of forty successive generations, extending through thirteen centuries"

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. B6673 




Daniel Bontecou 





Compiled by JoJui E. Morris. 


P.KESS OF The Case, Lockwood & Brainard Company. 

I 8 S 7 . 


i PROVO, im^H 





Daniel Bontecou 





Compliments of 






Daniel Bontecou 





Compiled by jFohn E. Morris. 


Press of The Case, Lockwood «& Brainard Company. 





This somewhat curious compilation is not wholly an original 
work, but results from an interest created by the perusal of 
a pedigree found in the Genealogy of the * Tuttle Family. It 
is a verification and correction of that to the period of Amer- 
ican emigration, and is here presented in enlarged form. 
The pedigree is of interest not merely to the compiler, but to 
all those who can trace their connection to Obadiah and Mary 
Bruen, who were early settlers in this country (and their de- 
scendants are legion) ; for it is theirs as well as his. 

The compiler is absolutely certain that no links are missing, 
and that each party in the line was the son or daughter of the 
one preceding ; for he has carefully traced the succession by 
means of the exceedingly fine collection of English histories 
in the possession of the Watkinson Library of this city, though 
a comparison with the Tuttle record will reveal some differ- 
ences between the two. The first sixteen generations, run- 
ning in royal lines, can be easily verified by reference to 
works of history relating to the countries and times in which 
they lived ; but for convenience the leading cyclopaedias and 
biographical dictionaries, both English and French, have been 
primarily used. 

Commencing with the seventeenth generation, the sources 
from which the compiler's information has been derived are 
given ; but these numerically represent but a small part of the 
books consulted during this research. 

J. E. M. 

Hartford, Conn., March lo, 1887. 

*The Tuttle Family, by George F. Tuttle, page 612. 



Pepin the Old, sometimes called Pepin of Landen, the 
founder of the family, is said to have been born about 560. 
He was of a Brabant family and took his designation from 
Landen (now in Libge, Belgium). Rebelling with other of the 
great lords of Austrasia, against the rule of Brunehaut, who 
was regent for the youthful king, he offered the crown to 
Clotaire II., king of Neustria, who in reward of his services 
created him Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia, an office which 
he continued to hold during the two following reigns. He 
died in 639. 


Begga (daughter of Pepin the Old) married Ansegisus. He 
was the son of St. Arnolf, duke of Austrasia, and afterwards 
Bishop of Metz, and his mother was Saint Dode. The exact 
date of his birth is unknown, and he died before 673. He 
early attached himself to Pepin of Landen (or the Old), Mayor 
of the Palace under Clotaire II. and a number of his succes- 
sors. Ansegisus was the owner of a large estate which later is 
found in the possession of the Duke of Brabant, resident of 
the chateau of Chevremont near Li^ge. Some historians assert 
that Ansegisus himself held the title of Duke of Brabant, 
which is erroneous, as the dukedom was not created until after 
his time. One day while engaged in the chase he discovered 
a newly-boni infant abandoned by the wayside. He rescued 
the child, named him Goudoin, educated and cared for him ; 
but was rewarded for his kindness by the blackest ingratitude. 
Goudoin managed to obtain and carry away the greater part 
of the goods of his adopted father, and sought the hand of his 
wife. Saint Begga; and in order the better to carry out the 
design, resorted to assassination, a method common in those 
barbarous days, and murdered Ansegisus while at the chase. 
Before the murder of her husband Saint Begga took refuge in 


Hesbaie, and entirely withdrew herself from the world. In 
later years Pepin d'He'ristal achieved vengeance for the death 
of his father. From his having fallen a victim to his charity 
and kindness of heart, Ansegisus has been given in religious 
writings the title of martyr. 


Pepin le (xl'OS, or Pepin d'H^ristal, was born about the 
middle of the seventh century. In concert with his brother 
Martin, mayor of the palace, he led an insurrection against 
Dagobert II., who died in 679. These two chiefs then received 
the title of " Dukes of the Franks," and the kingly title was 
abolished. In an ineffectual attempt in 680 to subdue Neustria, 
then governed by the mayor Ebroin, Martin was killed, and 
Pepin remained the only duke of Austrasia, In 687, having 
routed the Germans, Pepin invaded Neustria; the contest 
culminated in the battle of Testry, when Roman France, as 
Northern Gaul was called, succumbed to Teutonic France, and 
Pepin became the acknowledged ruler of the Prankish empire. 

Thierry III., Dagobert II., Clovis III., Childebert III., and 
Dagobert III. were permitted in turn to occupy the throne, but 
took no part in the government, being mere puppets, and 
known in history as the rois faineants or "do-nothing kings," 
kept under guard and brought forth only upon state occasions, 
while Pepin wielded unlimited authority, which was respected 
by both natives and foreigners. He died in 714. 


Charles Martel (the Hammer), Duke of Austrasia, and 
mayor of the palace of the Prankish kings, was born about 690 
and died in 741. He was the son of Pepin le Gros and his mis- 
tress Alpaida, and on account of his illegitimate birth seemed at 
first doomed to an inferior rank, as well by the dislike mani- 
ifested by his father as by the hatred of Plectura, his father's 
lawful wife. He was charged with the murder of Grimoald, the 
second son of the latter (who had been assassinated at Libge), 
and thrown into a dungeon. After the death of Pepin, Plec- 
tura assumed the government in the name of her infant grand- 


son, and had him declared mayor of the palace of the youth- 
ful king Dagobert III. The Franks revolted at this; the 
Austrasians liberated Charles and proclaimed him their duke, 
and under his leadership invaded Neustria and compelled their 
western brethren to acknowledge his authority. He thus 
became the sole lord of both kingdoms, and while never taking 
upon himself a title other than the two already named, was 
the actual ruler, though permitting the nominal reign of Dago- 
bert III., Chilperic II., Clotaire IV., and Thierry IV., until 
737, when the last-named died, and he appointed no successor. 
The powerful aristocracy of Austrasia submitted to his ener- 
getic government, as well as the prelates of Neustria and Bur- 
gundy, while the Frankish kingdom was enlarged by his valor. 
He waged successful wars against some of the German nations, 
but his brighest laurels were won at the battle of Tours, which 
was fought on the third of October, 752. This was one of the 
battles that decide the fate of the world, for it was this that 
settled the question whether Europe should be Christian or 
Mohammedan. Here, Charles at the head of his army with- 
stood the repeated charge of the Moslem cavalry, until at sun- 
set the Saracens retreated to their camp, and in the darkness 
of night fled. This victory, which took place one hundred years 
after the death of Mohammed, checked the power of his adher- 
ents and saved western Europe from their further incursions, 
and Charles was looked upon as the great defender of Chris- 


Pepin the Short, first king of the Carlovingian dynasty, 
was born about 715. He at first shared the government 
with his elder brother Carloman, and the two placed a phan- 
tom king, Childeric III., on the throne in 742 ; but Carloman 
retired to the monastery of Monte Cassino in 746, and 
Pepin became the ruler of the whole Frankish domain. He 
contented himself with the title of mayor of the palace till 
752, when, with the consent of the lords, he placed Chil- 
deric in the monastery of Sithieu, near St. Omer, and was 
solemnly crowned and anointed by St. Boniface at Sois- 
sons. The same year he forced the Saxons to acknowledge 


his supremacy, and levied a tribute upon them. Called to 
aid Pope Stephen III. against the persecutions of Astolphus, 
king of the Lombards, he besieged him in Pavia until he sued 
for peace and assented to terms dictated by Pepin; Scarcely 
had he turned his back on Italy when the treaty was broken and 
the city of Rome threatened, and he was compelled to return; 
he conquered the exarchate of Ravenna and gave it, with 
Pentapolis, to the pope, thus founding the temporal sovereignty 
of the Holy See. 

In 760 he invaded Aquitania, which had asserted its inde- 
pendence, and a war of eight years followed before its conquest 
was complete. A few days after his return from his last expe- 
dition, Pepin died of dropsy, in September, 768. 


Charlemagne — Charles the Great, King of the Franks and 
Emperor of the West — was born probably at Aix-Ia-Chapelle, 
April 2, 742, and ascended the throne in 768. He married 
the daughter of Desiderius, king of the Lombards ; but she bore 
him no children, and he sent her back to her father and mar- 
ried Hildegarde, daughter of the Swabian duke Godfrey. 
Desiderius sought revenge for this slight by urging the pope to 
crown the sons of Carloman (brother of Charlemagne), and on 
his refusal laid waste the papal territory. Charlemagne crossed 
the Alps, and in 774 overthrew the kingdom of the Lombards: 
he added also to his domain by conquest a portion of Spain 
and Germany. So extensive a kingdom seemed to warrant a 
higher appellation than that of king ; and having visited Italy 
for the purpose of aiding Pope Leo III. against his enemies, 
he was on Christmas day in the year 800 crowned by the grate- 
ful pontiff, and henceforth called himself Emperor of the West. 
To the end of his reign he was constantly engaged in wars, 
but found time to project national works, and deemed nothing 
beneath his attention that concerned the interests of his sub- 
jects or the empire. His views were liberal and enlightened 
to a degree exceedingly rare for the age, and he possessed an 
unusual amount of learning. He encouraged education and 
had a school in his own palace. He built a number of elegant 
palaces — that at Aix-la-Chapelle being noted for its beautiful 


architecture — and many churches. He encouraged trade and 
commerce and the art of horticulture, causing vast numbers of 
fruit trees to be planted throughout the kingdom. He en- 
forced a consistent system of law throughout the various coun- 
tries within his domain in the place of the many local usages 
which had formerly prevailed, and his fame spread to all parts 
of the world. He died January 28, 814, and was buried at Aix- 


Louis I., le Debounaire, King of the Franks and Emperor 
of the West, was born at Casseneuil, Aquitania, in 778. He 
succeeded to the throne of his father in 814, but his vacillating 
disposition was unequal to the maintenance of the integrity of 
the empire. In 817, yielding to the desire of his sons, he 
made them colleagues in the government, giving Italy to 
Lothaire, Aquitaine to Pepin, and Bavaria to Louis. After 
this division, a fourth son was born to him by his second wife, 
Judith of Bavaria, in 823, and an attempt to create for him a 
kingdom, out of those already bestowed caused a revolt on the 
part of the three elder brothers. The people of Germany 
stood by the Emperor, however, and restored him to the 
throne ; but in 832, in a second revolt, he was betrayed by his 
own army and delivered to Lothaire, who, without the consent 
of his brothers, subjected him to indignities, charging him with 
crimes which he was compelled to confess publicly, and finally 
degraded him. In 835 he was restored to the throne by Louis 
and Pepin, who were moved partly by pity for their father 
and partly by jealousy of Lothaire. He died at Ingelheim, 
near Metz, June 20, 840. 


Charles I., the Bald, King of France and Emperor of the 
West, was born at Frankfort-on-the-Main in 823. The death 
of his father, in 840, found Charles holding the larger portion 
of the western part of the empire, but with his claim disputed 
by his elder brother Lothaire, who had assumed the imperial 
dignity. In order to maintain his rights, Charles formed an 
aggressive alliance with his brother Louis, King of Bavaria, 


and defeated Lothaire at the great battle of Fontenay, fought 
June 25, 841. This union brought Lothaire to terms, and the 
treaty of Verdun, in 843, secured to Charles the tenure of his 
kingdom, which was a portion of Gaul henceforth called 
France, and a part of Spain. His reign was greatly troubled 
by the Normans, who ravaged the country and captured Paris, 
Rouen, and other cities, and, being unable to expel them by 
force, he was twice obliged to purchase peace. Upon the 
death of his nephew, Louis 11. of Italy, in 875, Charles invaded 
that country and seized upon the imperial crown. His reign 
was ended by his death, which occurred in October, 877. His 
wife was Ermentrude, daughter of the Count of Orleans. 


Judith (daughter of Charles the Bald) married Ethel wulf, 
king of the West Saxons of England, who died in 857. Upon 
returning to her father in France, shortly after this event, she 
was met at her landing-place by Baldwin I., Count of Flanders, 
who had been attracted by the fame of her great beauty. He 
prevailed upon her to accompany him to the castle of Haerle- 
beck, where they were privately married, as they had no 
expectation of gaining her father's consent to the union. 
Charles, incensed at the news, sent his son Louis the Stam- 
merer to make war upon Baldwin, who defeated him near 
Arras. After the battle, Baldwin caused several of Charles's 
barons, whom he had taken prisoners, to be hanged as insti- 
gators of the war. The pope, Nicholas I., having excom- 
municated him at the request of Charles, Baldwin made a 
journey to Rome with his wife, and not only obtained absolu- 
tion, but succeeded in engaging the good offices of the pope, 
who sent a legate to Charles, and effected a reconciliation. 
Baldwin and his wife repaired to the court of Charles, who 
received them kindly, and enlarged the limits of Flanders, 
erecting it into a county in 862. Baldwin I., who is distin- 
guished in history as Bras de Fer, or Iron Arm, on account of 
his great strength, was a daring, unscrupulous man, and had 
succeeded his father, Andacer, in the government of Flanders, 
as feudatory of Emperor Louis. He died at Arras in 877. 



Baldwin II., the Bald, Count of Flanders, married *E1- 
frida, daughter of King Alfred of England. He is mainly re- 
membered as a vigorous opponent of the Normans, and as the 
builder of the walls of Bruges and Ypres. It is said that he 
also laid the foundation of the political liberties of his country 
by appointing twelve of his principal vassals as a council of 
state. He made war against Eudes, Count of Paris, who had 
usurped the French crown and defeated him ; he had also dis- 
putes with Charles the Simple after the latter had ascended 
the throne. On his death in 918 his possessions were divided 
between his two sons, Arnolf, (the elder,) and Adolphus ; but 
the latter survived only a short time, and Arnolf succeeded to 
the whole of the inheritance. 

*This line has been traced backward into the mythological ages. 
Mr. Daniel H. Haigh, the author of The Ajtglo-Saxon Conquest of 
Britain, carries it to Gaut, who, he thinks, may have flourished 
about the end of the first century; and Woden, the Scandinavian 
Jupiter, is given as fifth in descent from him. The first historical 
nanne in this pedigree is Cerdic, the only assured fact about whom is 
that he invaded England in 495. From him the line is accepted as 
probable by the best historians. Anterior to this the names are 
those of mythical Scandinavian heroes or deities, not likely ever to 
have existed in tangible human form. The line presented by Mr. 
Haigh is as follows : — 


Gaut, or the 

















Fritholaf, or 







Ingild, d. 718. 
























Alfred the Great 







Ariiolf T., the Old, Count of Flanders, succeeded his 
father in 918. He married Adela, daughter of Hugh, Count 
of Vermandois. Eager as his predecessors to extend his do- 
mains, he often despised all rules of equity in order to obtain 
his ends, and one of his conferences is made memorable by the 
treacherous murder of William Longsword, Duke of Normandy. 
After a long reign of forty-four years, full of trouble with the 
Normans on the one hand and with the Emperor Otho I. on the 
other, and bending under the weight of years, he placed the 
reins of government in the hands of his son, Baldwin HI., who 
however survived but three years, when Arnolf again assumed 
control, and spent the few remaining years of his life in secur- 
ing the succession of his grandson, Arnolf II. He died at 
Ghent, March 27, 964, over ninety years of age, and was buried 
in the monastery of St. Peter at Mount Blandin. 


Baldwin III., Count of Flanders, came to the throne by 
the abdication of his father, Arnolf I. He was endowed with 
ability and prudence, and commenced his reign under the 
most favorable auspices. He fortified a number of the cities 
of his realm, and established regular markets and fairs at vari- 
ous places. He established the weavers and fullers of Ghent, 
encouraged commerce, and these sources of prosperity to his 
people owe their progress to him. Returning from an expedi- 
tion to France, where he had displayed brilliant valor, he died 
at the Abbey of St. Bertin, the 17th day of January, 961, after 
a reign of about three years, leaving as his successor a son, 
scarcely more than a child, under the guardianship of his 
father, Arnolf the Old. 


Arnolf II., tlie Yonng, Count of Flanders, lost his 
grandfather and guardian at an early age. Arnolf I. had since 
the death of his son, Baldwin III., been holding the reins 
of government for his grandson, and before his death had 


appointed the Count of Cambria as his successor in the trust. 
This count had forced from Lothaire certain captured terri- 
tory, and compelled him to submit to the young Arnolf, who 
then married Susanna, daughter of Berenger, King of Italy, 
and took the management of the government into his own 
hands. Though weak and indecisive, he knew how to make 
himself popular, and was beloved both by the people and the 
nobility. He died March 30, 989. 


Baldwin IV., Plllclira Barl)a (Comely Beard), Count 
of Flanders, succeeded his father in 989, when he w^as still 
under age. He married first Eleanor, daughter of Richard, 
Duke of Normandy, and second Olgina, daughter of Frederick 
I., Count of Luxemburg. He fought successfully against King 
Robert of France and the Emperor Henry II., and obtained 
from the latter Valenciennes, as well as the island of Walche- 
ren and other parts of Zealand, as an imperial fief. Thus 
the counts of Flanders became feudatories of the empire, as 
well as of France. He died May 10, 1036. 


Baldwin T., of Lisle, Count of Flanders, married in 1026, 
Adela, daughter of Robert II., King of France, and grand- 
daughter of Hugh Capet. At the instigation of his wife, 
prompted by the king of France, he attempted an insurrection 
against his father, but two years later peace was restored, and 
the old Count continued to reign until his death in 1036. 
Baldwin V. was an ambitious and enterprising man, and greatly 
extended his powers by wars and alliances. He gave his 
daughter in marriage to William of Normandy, and accom- 
panied his son-in-law to the conquest of England, and for his 
services on that occasion a yearly pension of three hundred 
marks of silver, out of the English Treasury, was assigned him 
and his successors. He died Sept. i, 1067, and was buried at 



Matilda (daughter of Baldwin V.) married, Nov. 2, 1053, Wil- 
liam, Earl of Normandy, commonly known as William the Con- 
queror. He was the natural son of Robert, surnamed "le Dia. 
ble," Duke of Normandy, and was born at Falaise in 1027, suc- 
ceeding to the dukedom on the death of his father in 1035. 
Under pretension of a right to the crown of England, William 
invaded that country in 1066, gaining the victory at the battle 
of Hastings, Oct. 14. and was crowned king Dec. 25. An 
irreconcilable antipathy between the Norman and the Saxon 
changed his at first conciliatory treatment of the captured peo- 
ple to a rule under which they were reduced to a state resem- 
bling slavery. Though stern and ruthless, he knew how to 
protect the nation, and under his reign the formerly frequent 
piratical incursions of the Northmen entirely ceased ; he was 
impartial in his administration of justice, and to a thorough 
hatred of anarchy may be attributed many of his severities. In 
1087 he invaded France and set fire to the captured city of 
Mantes ; here his horse stumbling over some hot embers, threw 
him, inflicting injuries from which he died at Rouen, Sept. 
9, 1087. 


Gundred (daughter of William the Conqueror), married 
William, Earl of Warren, in Normandy. He came to England 
in the retinue of William the Conqueror, and having signal- 
ized himself in the battle of Hastings, was for this and other 
services made joint Justiciary of England with Richard de 
Benefacta. He had by grant from William the castle of Mor- 
timer, forfeited by Roger de Mortimer. The earldom of Sur- 
rey was conferred upon him by William Rufus soon after his 
accession to the crown, he being the first to enjoy this dignity. 
He died in the year 1088, June 24, and his body was interred 
in the Chapter-house at Lewes in Sussex, near that of Gundred, 
his countess, who had died May 27, 1085. The possessions 
of which he died seized in different counties amounted to more 
than two hundred lordships. In 1078 he founded the priory 
of Lewes, and about 1085 that of Castle Acre in Norfolk. His 


benefactions were disbursed also in other directions. (See 
Manning and Bray's History of Surrey, Vol. I., page xiv. ; 
Dugdale's Baronage of England, Vol. I., page 73.) 


William de Warren^ Second Earl of Surrey, married 
Elizabeth, daughter of Hugh the Great, Count of Vermandois 
(brother of Philip I., King of France, and son of Henry I. of 
France and Anne of Russia, who was grand-daughter of Ro- 
manus II., Emperor of Constantinople.) William was the equal 
of his father in military valor, but displayed his enthusiasm in 
a direction unfavorable to himself at first, by following the 
fortunes of Robert Court-hose, brother of Henry I., in his 
attempt upon the crown of England, and for this was dispos- 
sessed of his earldom and obliged to retire into Normandy. 
He was afterwards restored to his dignity, however, through 
the intercession of Robert himself, and from this time contin- 
ued loyal to the king. He obtained the favor and confidence 
of Henry to such a degree that he was intrusted with the com- 
mand of the rear of the army at the battle of Tenchebray, 
where Robert was defeated and taken prisoner. He also emi- 
nently distinguished himself at the battle of Breuneville, 11 19, 
between Henry I., and Louis IV. o^ France. William de War- 
ren further aided the benefactions begun by his father. At 
length, after attending upon King Henry in his last illness at 
the castle of Lyons, and assisting in conducting his dead 
body to the abbey of Reading, where it was interred, he him- 
self departed this life the same year, — May 11, 1136 — and 
was buried in the chapter-house of Lewes, at the feet of his 
father. (See Manning and Bray's History of Surrey, Vol. I., 
page xiv. ; Dugdale's Baronage of England, Vol. I., page 74.) 


Adela de Warren (daughter of William, the second earl), 
married Henry, Earl of Huntington and Prince of Scotland, 
who died June 12, 1152. He was the son of * David, King 

* Two pedigrees of David, King of Scotland, showing lines of de- 
scent on both father's and mother's side, ::re given on page 16: — 


of Scotland, and brother of Malcolm IV. and William the 
Lion, both of whom were in turn kings of Scotland. He died 



I. Malcolm I., King of Scotland, succeeded his cousin Constan- 
tine III. in 938. He was assassinated in an insurrection. 

II. Kenneth III., King of Scotland, ascended the throne in 970. 
He is said to have been the first monarch who gave Scotland a writ- 
ten code of laws. He was assassinated in 994. 

III. Malcolm II., King of Scotland, began to reign in 1003 ; he 
died in 1033, leaving two daughters. 

IV. Beatrix. 

V. Duncan I., King of ScoUand. He was murdered by Macbeth 
in 1040. 

VI. Malcolm III., King of Scotland, married Margaret, daugh= 
ter of Edward the Exile. 

VII. David, King of Scotland. 


I. Alfred the Great, King of the West Saxons, (son of King 
Ethelwulf and Osberga.) was born in 848 or 849, and died in 901. 

II. Edward the Elder, King of Anglo-Saxons (third son of Alfred 
the Great and Alswitha), married two or three limes, and his last wife 
was Elgiva. He died in 925. 

III. Edmund I., King of Anglo-Saxons, was born about 922. He 
succeeded his half-brother, Athelstan, in 941, and was assassinated 
by Liof, an outlav^^, in 946. 

IV. Edgar, surnamed the Peaceable, Saxon King of England, 
succeeded his brother Edwy in 959. He married (i) Elfleda, and 
(2) Elfrida. He died in 975. 

V. Ethelred II., the Unready, was born about 968. He succeeded 
his half-brother, Edward the Martyr, in 978. He married Emma, 
daughter of the Duke of Normandy, and died about 968. 

VI. Edmund II., surnamed Ironside, was born in 989, and was 
probably murdered in 1016. 

VII. Edward, surnamed the Exile, married Agatha, daughter of 
Emperor Henry 11. of Germany. 

VIII. Margaret, daughter of Edward, and sister of Edward Ath- 
eling, the heir of the Saxon line, married Malcolm III. of Scotland. 

JX. David, King of Scotland. 


before his father, and was a youth of the fairest hopes, and 
" one of those princes who dropping away before beginning to 
govern, have left golden opinions behind them." (See Ecclesi- 
astical History of England and Normandy, byOrdericus Vitalis, 
Vol. I., page 205 ; Dugdale's Baronage of England, Vol. I., page 
75; Chambers's Caledonia, Vol. I., page 614; Burton's ZT/j-Z^ry 
of Scotland, Vol. I., page 441.) 


Margaret (daughter of Prince Henry and Adela de Warren) 
was twice married: first to Conan, called " Le Petit," Earl of 
Brittany and Richmond, who died Jan. 23, 1171, and was 
buried at Begar. She next married, before 1175, * Humphrey 
de Bohun, the fourth of the name. Earl of Hereford and High 
Constable of England. He is not mentioned in history as 
doing anything of importance, and was buried in the chapter- 
house at Lanthony. (See Herald and Genealogist, London, 
Part XXXHI., page 253 ; Dugdale's Baronage of England, Vol. 
I., page 180 ; Clutterbuck's History of Hertford, Vol. II., 
page 9.) 


Henry de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and High Constable 
of England, was born in 1176, and had a seat and castle at 
Pleshey. He married Maud, the only daughter of Geoffrey 
Fitz-Piers, Justice of England and Earl of Essex, who became 

* Pedigree OF Bohun. (From T>\igdi2i\&''?, Baronage of England, 
Vol. I., page 179.) — "Humphrey de Bohun, the first of this noble 
family that settled here in England, being a kinsman to William, Duke 
of Normandy, came hither with him at his conquest of this Realm ; 
being called Humphrey with the Beard; having that special denomi- 
nation (as it seems), in regard most of the Normans did totally shave 
their faces." 

II. Humphrey the Great, married Maud, daughter of Edward 
de Saresbury. 

III. Humphrey, was steward to King Henry I., and married 
Margery, daughter of Milo, Earl of Hereford. 

IV. Humphrey, married Margaret, daughter of Henry of Hunt- 



at length heir to her brother * WilUam de Mandeville, the last 
Earl of Essex of that family, whereby she brought this earldom 
with the lands of her inheritance to her husband. In 12 12 the 
latter took part in a rebellion against King John, and all his 
lands were "feifed on by the king," but afterwards restored. 
He was one of twenty-five peers who determined that the king 
should abide by the conditions of the "Great Charter" rati- 
fied at Rimnymede, even under compulsion, and by the king's 
efforts he was excommunicated by the Pope. He did not 
return to his allegiance even after the death of King John, but 
attached himself to Louis of France, was one of the leaders 
of his army against King Henry HI., and at the battle of 
Lincoln, 1216, was taken prisoner. He died while on a voy- 
age towards the Holy Land, on the first day of June, 1220, and 
his remains were interred in the chapter-house at Lanthony. 
His children were : Humphrey, his son and heir; Henry, who 
died in his youth ; Ralph ; and one daughter called Margery, 
who became the wife of Waleran, Earl of Warwick. 

After the death of Henry de Bohun, Maud his widow mar- 
ried Roger de Dantsey, but was divorced from him about 
1227. She died Aug. 27, 1236. (See Morant's History of 
Essex, Vol. I., page 486 ; Vol. II., pages 83, 451.) 


Humphrey de Boliun, Earl of Hereford and High Con- 
stable of England, and in right of his mother, Earl of Essex, 
was distinguished as \\\q. good Earl of Essex. In 1239 he was 
one of the godfathers at the font for Edward, eldest son of 

*NoTE — "Geoffrey Fitz-Piers, who married Beatrix, eldest 
daughter and co-heir of William de Say, was Justice of England and 
Earl of Essex, and died the 14th of King John, A. D. 1212. Geoffrey 
his son succeeded him, and took the surname of Mandeville ; but 
departing this hfe in 1216 without issue, had for successor his brother 
WilHam, who died unmarried in 121 7, whereupon Maud, his sister 
and heir, brought this and other noble estates, with the earldom of 
Essex, in marriage to her husband, Henry de Bohun, Earl of Here- 
ford and High Constable of England, who had a seat and castle at 
Pleshey." — Morant's History of Essex, Vol. II., page 83. 


King Henry III. (afterwards Edward I.), there being no less 
than nine in all, five of the spiritual and four of the temporal 
Lords. In 1244 joining with the Earl of Clare and other 
English barons, he advanced against the Welsh then in arms, 
and experienced a number of fierce encounters. In 1250 he 
took upon him the cross and went to the Holy Land. 

This earl had two wives. The first was Maud, daughter of 
Ralph de Issodun, Earl of Eu, who was the mother of Alice 
who married Ralph de Tony. She died on the eve of Assump- 
tion of the Blessed Virgin, and was buried in the chapter-house 
at Lanthony. His second wife was Maud de Avensbury who 
died at Solges in Gascoigne and was there buried ; but whose 
remains were afterwards removed to Lanthony, and with great 
solemnity interred near the earl her husband. Humphrey de 
Bohun died upon the 24th of September, 1275, and was buried 
before the high altar in the Abbey of Lanthony. (See Mo- 
rant's History of Essex, Vol. II., pages 451-2; Dugdale's 
Baronage of England, Vol. I., page 180.) 


Alice de BollVlll (daughter of Humphrey the Good) married 
* Ralph de Tony. He was the son of Roger de Tony, and the 
seventh in descen,t from Roger de Toenio, standard-bearer to 
William the Conqueror. He took part in an expedition under- 

* Pedigree of Tony. (Dugdale's Baronage of England, Vol. 
I., page 469; Clutterbuck's History of Hertford, Vol. I., page 354.) 

I. Roger de Toenio, the elder, standard-bearer to William, Duke 
of Normandy. 

II. Ralph de Toenio, the elder. 

III. Ralph de Toeni. 

IV. Roger de Toeni or Tony, married a daughter of Robert, Earl 
of Leicester. 

V. Roger de Tony, married Constance, daughter of Richard, 
Viscount Bellomont. 

VI. Ralph de Tony. 

VII. Roger de Tony. 

VI H. Ralph de Tony, married Alice de Bohun. 


taken into Gascoigne, and there died, leaving Robert his son 
and heir. This son died in 13 lo without issue; for by an 
inquisition taken that year it was found " that on the day of 
his death he was possessed of the manor of Flamsted, and 
that his sister AUce, late wife of Thomas de Leybourne, aged 
twenty-five and upwards, was his next heir." (See Clutter- 
buck's History of Hertford, Vol. I., pages 354, 358; Dugdale's 
Baronage of England, Vol. I., page 470.) 


Alice de Tony (daughter of Ralph) married : — (i) Thomas 
de Leybourne. (2) * Guy de Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, 
who was born in 1272. He was the sixth in descent from 
Walter de Beauchamp, steward to King Henry I. About 1298 
he was summoned to march into Scotland with King Edward 
I., and behaved himself with such credit at the battle of P'al- 
kirk, that he had as a reward nearly all the castles and lands 
of Geoffrey de Mowbray lying in that kingdom, as well as a 
number of other forfeited estates. In the years 1299, 1303, 
and 1306 he again saw service in Scotland, also in the first- 
named year beyond the sea ; and in consideration of his many 
and great services was granted castles, manors, and lordships. 

In 1307, King Edward 1. then lying on his death-bed at 

* Pedigree of Beauchamp. (Dugdale's Baronage of England, 
Vol. I., page 225. Clutterbuck's History of Hertford, Vol. I., page 

I. Walter de Beauchamp, steward to King Henry I., married 
Emeline, daughter of Urso de Abitot. 

n. William de Beauchamp. 

ni. William de Beauchamp. 

IV. Walter de Beauchamp, governor of Hanley Castle in Wor- 

V. William de Beauchamp, married Isabel, daughter of William 

VI. William de Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, married Maud, 
daughter of John Fitz- Geoffrey, and widow of Gerard de Furnival. 

VII. Guy de Beauchamp, married Alice de Tony. 


Burgh in Cumberland, Guy de Beauchamp with others of the 
nobiUty were summoned to him to receive his commands, and 
were charged to be loyal to his son Edward II., and to ever 
prevent the return to England of the banished Piers de Gaves- 
ton, who had been a corrupter of the youthful prince. Notwith- 
standing the admonition of the king, and in violation of an 
oath taken to his father, the first act of Edward II. was to 
recall Gaveston whom he created Earl of Cornwall, and to the 
scandal of the whole kingdom appointed regent, during his 
own absence in France for the purpose of marrying the Prin- 
cess Isabella. His influence with the king was directed 
against the nobles, which so exasperated them that a for- 
midable league under Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, drove 
Gaveston into exile ; but returning shortly after, he was pur- 
sued by an army raised by,powerful barons and commanded 
by the Earl of Lancaster, and was captured at Scarborough. 
The Earl of Pembroke, one of their number, softened by the 
king's distress on account of this misfortune of his favorite, 
undertook his safe keeping, but was set upon by Earl Guy of 
Warwick, with an armed band, who took Gaveston to War- 
wick Castle, " where, consulting with those about him what 
then to do, they presently determined to cut off his head, and 
accordingly did so upon a rising ground called Blackston-hill, 
about a mile northwards from Warwick." This occurred June 
19, 1312. 

Guy de Beauchamp bestowed benefactions upon the monks 
of Bordsley, " for the good estate of himself, as also for the 
souls of his ancestors and successors." He was also the 
founder of the college of priests at Elmeley in Worcestershire. 
He departed this life at his castle of Warwick upon the 12th 
of August, 13 1 5, and was buried in the abbey of Bordsley. 
"A word now of Alice, the wife of this great Earl. She was 
the daughter of Ralph de Tony of Flamsted, in Hertfordshire, 
widow of Thomas de Leybourne, and at length heir to Robert, 
her brother. In the year following the death of her husband, 
she had assigned to her in dowry several manors and divers 
knight's fees in Warwickshire ; and the next year following 
gave a fine of five hundred marks for license to marry with 
William la Zouch of Ashby, in County Leicester, to whom she 


was accordingly married, and died in i8 Edward II." (1325). 
(See Dugdale's Baronage of England, Vol. I., page 229 ; Clutter- 
buck's History of Hertford, Vol. I., pages 354, 358.) 


Maud de Beaiicliamp (daughter of Guy de Beauchamp) 
married * Geoffrey de Say, Knight, son of Geoffrey. He was 
born in 1305 ; was first summoned to Parliament in 1327, and 
in 1339 was constituted admiral of the king's fleet. At vari- 
ous times between this and 1348 he served in the wars with 
France, and in 1350, "in consideration of his good services 
already performed, and in expectation of the like for the fu- 
ture, he was entertained to serve the king in his wars during 
his whole life, with twenty men-at-arms and twenty archers, 
taking for his pay two hundred marks per annum at the receipt 
of the king's exchequer." In 1356 he again served in France, 
but upon the 26th of June of that year he died. Maud, his 
widow, had for dower the manors of Burgham and Berlying, 
and " in consideration of her good services to Queen Philippa 
and the Lady Isabell, the king's daughter, obtained in 1369 
the grant of an annuity of one hundred marks per annum, to be 
paid out of the exchequer during her life." (See Clutterbuck's 
History of Hertford, Vol. I., page 358 ; Dugdale's Baronage of 
England, Vol. I., page 512.) 

* Pedigree of Say. (Dugdale's Barotiage of England, Vol. I., 
page 510.) 

I. William de Say, married Beatrix, daughter of William de 

II. Geoffrey de Say, died in 1215. 

III. Geoffrey de Say, married Alice, daughter of John de Cheney, 
and died in Gascoigne in 1230. 

IV. William de Say, was in 1260 governor of the castle at Roch- 
ester. He died in 1272. 

V. William de Say, died in 1297. 

VI. Geoffrey de Say, was born in 1260 ; married Idonea, daugh- 
ter of William de Leybourne, and died in 1322. 

VII. Geoffrey de Say, married Maudjle Beauchamp. 



Idoiiea (le Say (daughter of Geoffrey de Say) was born 
about 1330. She married * Sir John de Clinton, of Maxstoke 
in Warwickshire, Knight. He was the son of Sir John, and 
was born in 1323. He served in every Parliament from 1358 
until his death, and was also employed in many affairs of trust. 
In 1356 he took part in the expedition to France under the Black 
Prince, and from that time till 1383 served in six other expe- 
ditions. His death occurred in 1397. (See Dugdale's Baron- 
age of England, Vol. I., pages 512, 532 ; Dugdale's History of 
Warwickshire, Vol. II., page 994.) 


Margaret Clinton (daughter of Sir John Clinton of Max- 
stoke) married Sir Baldwin de Montfort, who was son, of Sir 
John, and grandson of Peter de Montfort of Beldefert in War- 
wickshire. "All I have seen worth observance of this Sir 
Baldwin is that he was one of the Commissioners of Array in 
this Countie in 8. R. 2. (1385), as also that he attended the Duke 
of Lancaster into Spain in 9. R. 2. (1386), and there died." (See 
Dugdale's History of Warwickshire, Vol. II., page 1009.) 


Sir William de Montfort of Colshill. Warwickshire, 
Knight, married Margaret, daughter and heir of \ Sir John 

* Pedigree of Clinton. (From Dugdale's Baronage of Eng- 
land. Vol. I., page 528.) 

I. Thomas de Clinton of Colshill. 

II. Thomas de Clinton of Amington. 

III. John de Clinton, married Ida, daughter of William de Oding- 
fells. He died 1315. 

IV. John de Clinton, married Margerie, daughter of Sir William 
Corbet, of Chadsey in Worcestershire. 

V. John de Clinton, married Idonea de Say. 

t Pedigree of Peche. (F'om Dugdale's History oj Warivick- 
shire, Vol. II., page 954.) 

I. Robert Peche, Bishop of Coventry. 

II. Geoffrey Peche, married Petronill, daughter of Robert Walsh. 


Peche, of Hampton in Arden. In the time of Henry IV., Sir 
William was one of the chief esquires retained with the Earl of 
Warwick, and attended him at the siege of Calais ; later he was 
steward of the household of the same earl. From 1422 until 
his death he was a commissioner of the peace in Warwickshire ; 
chief of council to the earl ; several times sheriff of the 
county, as also of Leicestershire, and at the head of many 
departments of public service. He died Dec. 31, 1453- "He 
bore for his Armes, Argent upon a chief Azure, two fiowre de 
lices Or." (See Dugdale's History of Warwickshire, Vol. II., 
pages 955, loio.) 


Robert de Montfort, younger son of Sir William, pos- 
sessed the manor of Monkspath in Warwickshire, and of Bescote 
in Staffordshire, and occupies but a small place in history. 
(See Dugdale's History of Warwickshire, Vol. II., page 1010.) 


Katherine de Montfort (daughter of Robert) married 
* George Booth, Esquire, son and heir of Sir William Booth of 

III. Richard Peche, Justice of Assize in Warwickshire in 1229 
and 1238. 

IV. Sir John Peche, Knight, died in 1338 or 1339. 

V. John Peche. 

VI. Sir John Peche, Knight, lord of Hampton in Arden ; sheriff 
of Warwickshire and Lancashire. He died in 1377. 

VII. Sir John Peche, Knight, born in 1352 ; died in 1386. 

VIII. Margaret Peche, married William de Montfort. 

* Pedigree of Booth. (From Oi-m.tYodiS History of Cheshire, 
Vol. I., page 523.) 

I. John Booth, of Barton in Lancashire. 

II. Sir Robert Booth of Dunham, Knight, married Dowse, 
daughter of Sir William Venables of Bollin. He was sheriff of 
Cheshire, and died about 1451. 

III. Sir William Booth of Dunham, Knight, married Maud, 
daughter of John Dutton, Esquire, of Dutton. He died 1476. 

IV. George Booth, Esquire, of Dunham, married Katherine de 
Montfort. He died 1483. 


Dunham and Cheshire, " of the antient familie of the Booths 
of Barton in Lancashire." He undoubtedly led the quiet life 
of a country gentleman, and died in 1483. (See Dugdale's His- 
tory of Warwickshire, Vol. II., page loio; Ormerod's History 
of Cheshire, Vol. I., page 524.) 


Sir William Booth, of Dunham, Knight, married first, 
Margaret, co-heir of Sir Thomas Ashton, of Ashton under 
Lyme ; second, Ellen, daughter of Sir John Montgomery, of 
Throwly in Staffordshire. He died Nov. 9, 15 19. (See 
Ormerod's History of Cheshire, Vol. L, page 524.) 


Jane Booth (daughter of Sir William and Ellen) married 
Hugh Dutton, son and heir of Sir Piers Dutton, of Hatton and 
Dutton both. After^vards she married * Thomas Holford of 

* Pedigree of Holford. (From Ormerod's History of Cheshire, 
Vol. I., page 670.) 

I. Roger de Toft, lord of Toft. 

II. William Toft married Joan, daughter of Richard de Lostock. 

III. Henry Holford, brother and heir to Roger, who died 1330, 
and who " assumed the name of Holford from the place of his resi- 
dence, as was the manner of those ages, which sir-name his posterity 
has ever since retained." 

IV. John Holford of Holford, married Joan, daughter of Roger 
Bruyn of Stapleford. He died 1408. 

V. William Holford of Holford, married Margaret, daughter of 
Sir Richard Venables of Kinderton. He died 1459. 

VI. Thomas Holford, Esquire, of Holford, married Joan, daugh- 
ter of Richard Legh, of Westhall in High Legh. He died 1464. 

VII. Thomas Holford, Esquire, of Holford, married Maud, 
daughter of William Buckley, deputy judge of Chester. He died 1473. 

VIII. Sir George Holford of Holford, Knight, married Isabel, 
widow of Lawrence Warren of Pointon in Cheshire, and daughter of 
Robert Legh, Esquire, of Adlington. He was sheriff of Cheshire. 

IX. Sir John Holford of Holford, Knight, married Margery, 
daughter of Raufe Brereton, of Iscoit in Flintshire, not far from 
Whitchurch in Shropshire. 

X. Thomas Holford of Holford. 



Holford, son and heir of Sir John, whose first wife was Mar- 
garet, daughter of Thomas Bewsy, in Lancashire, near War- 
rington. He died Sept. 24, 1569, (See Ormerod's History 
of Cheshire, Vol. I., pages 524, 671.) 


Dorothy Holford (daughter of Thomas) married *John 
Bruyn, Esq., of Stapleford in Cheshire, who was the son and 
heir of John. We learn that he " had a pardon under the 
great seal of England," in 1553, by which we surmise that he 
was a Protestant and had fallen into Tthe disfavor of the 
Papists, and was more fortunate in getting out of their clutches 
than most people of that time. He died on the 14th of May, 
1587. (See Ormerod's History of Cheshire, Vol. I., page 671 ; 
Vol. II., page 320.) 


John Briien, Esquire, of Bruen Stapleford, was born in 
1560. He was three times married: first, to Elizabeth, daugh- 

* Pedigree of Bruen. (From Ormerod's History of Cheshire, 
Vol. II., page 322.) 

I. Robert le Brun appears in 1230. 

II. Robert le Brun, heir of Bruen Stapleford. 

HI. Emma, sole daughter and heiress, married Roger le Bruyn, 
and was living in 1304. 

IV. Robert le Bruyn died before 1354. 

V. Roger le Bruyn married Katherine, daughter of John de Leigh, 
and died in 1352. 

VI. Nicholas le Bruyn married Elena, daughter of Roger de 

VII. Roger le Bruyn married, in 1383, Katharine, daughter of 
Sir John Norreys, knight. 

VIII. Thomas le Bruyn married Alice, daughter of Thomas 

IX. James Bruyn married a daughter of John Dedwode of 

X. James Bruyn married Anne, daughter of Geoffrey Starkie. 
XL John Bruyn, born 1 5 10, married (i) Anne Done; (2) Doro- 
thy Holford. 


ter of Henry Hardware, Esquire, of Chester, and widow of 
John Cowper, alderman of Chester, who was buried at Tar- 
vin Jan. i8, 1596; second, to Anne, daughter of John Fox; 
and his third wife was Margaret, whose family name is un- 
known, by whom he had one daughter, Mary, and a son, who 
died young. " He was one of the few individuals whose pri- 
vate virtues alone, in the rank of a country gentleman, have 
obtained a place in the * annals of biography. His tenets 
were those of the Calvinistic Puritans, but his goodness of 
heart would have reflected credit on any rank or any religion." 
He died the i8th of January, 1625. (See Ormerod's History 
of Cheshire, Vol. II., pages 320-322.) 


Mary Briien (daughter of John) was baptized June 14, 
1622. She came to America with her half-brother, Obadiah 
Bruen, and married in Pequot (New London) John Baldwin, Sr., 
of Milford, Conn., as his second wife. This John came to Con- 
necticut with the other Milford Baldwins among the New Haven 
company, joined the church March 19, 1648, and died at Mil- 
ford in June, 1681. Mary Bruen died Sept. 2, 1670. (See New 
England Genealogical and Historical Register, Vol. XXVII., page 
151 ; Savage's Genealogical Dictionary of Nnv England, Vol. I., 
page 281 ; History of New London, Conn., by Miss E. M. 
Caulkins, page 155 ; Baldwin Genealogy, by Hon. Charles C. 
Baldwin, M. A., pages 299, 840-3.) 

Abigail Baldwin (daughter of John) was born Nov. 16, 

* The Very Singular Life of Jolm Bricen, Esquire, of Bruen 
Stapleford, Cheshire : exhibiting a variety of memorable and exem- 
plary circumstances, which may be of great utility to all persons, but 
principally intended as a precedent of piety and charity for the inhab- 
itants of the County of Chester. By the Rev. WiUiam Hinde, 
fellow of Queens College, Oxford, and preacher of God's Word at 
Bunbury, in the aforesaid county. Originally published in 1641 by 
the author's son, Samuel Hinde ; revised, corrected, and republished 
by William Coddington of Chester, 1799. (Reprinted a second time 
in New York in 1857.) 


1658. She married Samuel Baldwin, son of Nathaniel, one of 
the first settlers of Milford. He was born in 1655, and died 
Jan. 12, 1696. In 1675, by a vote of the town of Guilford, he 
was invited to that place " to work upon his trade of smithing 
upon trial." The trade was then in high repute. He continued 
to reside in Guilford until his death, and accumulated a hand- 
some property. His widow, Abigail, became the second wife 
of John Wadhams of Wethersfield, Conn. (See Baldwin Gen- 
ealogy, page 411.) 


Abigail Baldwin (daughter of Samuel) was born. Dec. 14, 
1678. She married, June 24, 1697, Joseph Starr, son of Com- 
fort Starr of Middletown, Conn., and born Sept. 23, 1676. They 
resided in Middletown, where he carried on the business of a 
tailor. He was chosen tax collector in 1705, and constable 
in 1711 and 1712, and died July 13, 1758. She died Aug. 24, 
1745. (See Baldwin Genealogy, page 411; Starr Genealogy, 
page 135.) 


Joseph Starr, Jr., was born Sept. 6, 1698. Like his 
father, he was a tailor, and resided in Middletown. He was 
constable in 1728, and grand juror in 1745. He married, Feb. 
17, 1719-20, Sarah Southmayd, daughter of Giles Southmayd of 
Middletown. She died June 5, 1740, aged 39. He married 
(2), Feb. 25, 1741-2, Priscilla Roper, who died May 15, 1796, 
aged 76. He died March 23, 1781. They are buried in the 
ancient burying-ground on the bank of the Connecticut River. 
(See Starr Genealogy, page 135.) 


Rebecca Starr (daughter of Joseph, Jr.) was born in Mid- 
dletown, June 8, 1733. She married (i), July 27, 1753, Thomas 
Tyler, He died Nov. 7, 1754. She married (2), Sept. 23, 
1756, Dr. Johan Rohde, a native of Prussia, and a practicing 
physician in New Haven, Conn. He was born December, 1723, 
and died Jan. 30, 1774. She married (3), Sept. 12, 1775, Dr. 
Daniel Bontecou, who was born in New Haven Sept. 9, 1739; 


he graduated from Yale College in 1757, studied medicine in 
France ; served for a time as surgeon in the French army ; 
then returned to New Haven, and after several years spent in 
the practice of his profession, died Aug. 20, 1778. She mar- 
ried (4), Dec. 23, 1787, Captain Ephraim Pease of Enfield, 
Conn., removed to that place, and died April 6, 1802. (See 
Starr Genealogy, page 136 ; Bontecoic Genealogy, page 44.) 


Daniel Boiltecou (son of Dr. Daniel) was born in New 
Haven, April 20, 1779. He removed with his mother to 
Enfield, and married there, March 16, 1798, Sybil Potter, 
daughter of Rev. Elam and Sybil (Pease) Potter. She died 
May 5, 1810. He married (2), Nov. 13, 1816, Harriet Bliss, 
daughter of Hon. Moses and Abigail (Metcalf) Bliss, of Spring- 
field, Mass. She was born March 23, 1782, and died Nov. 10, 
1853. He was a merchant in Springfield, and died there 
Nov. 24, 1857. (See Bontecou Genealogy, page 57.) 

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