^e^-.ev^ 7i.pi7 1^
MCESTRY OF PRISCILLA BAKER
WHO LIVED 1674-1731, AND WAS
WIFE OF ISAAC APPLETON,
WILLIAM S. APPLETON
PRESS OF J. WILSON AND SON
/ <^l 0, -X/^^^
Ancestry of Prise ilia Baker.
It is not known whom he mamed; but the
christenings of the children, whom he brought with
him, are all recorded in the register of the parish of
St. Peter Mancroft, IS^orwich.
"1633. Chr. August 18. Elizabeth, the da. of John Baker.
"1634. ,, Noveb : 30. John y*^ Sorie of John Baker.
"1636. ,, Sept. 18. Thomas sonn of John Baker &
Eliz : his wife."
John Baker did not settle at Charlestown, but in
1638 is found at Ipswich, Massachusetts. I presume
it was he who became Freeman of the Colony 2 June,
1611. His name is occasionally found in the Colonial
13 November, 1644, "It is ord'ed, y* John Bak*" onely hath
liberty to sell wine at Ipswich."
26 May, 1647, "John Baker is licensed to draw wine at
Ipswich, accord" to ord'"."
16 October, 1650, "In answer to the peticon of John Baker,
of Ipswich, craving that the severall somes due to him from the
country be paid him by the Tresurer out of this levy, and satis-
faction for two disappointments by the Cou''s adjournment, itt is
ordered, tliat the Treasurer pay him the severall somes due to
him, w**^ forty shillings for his disapointments."
Ancestiy of Prise ilia Baker.
He was from year to year licensed by the County
Court for Essex to brew and sell beer, and the
following entry is found on the records of that Court
for 28 September, 1652: —
" John Baker is discharged fr his p'sentment for suspition of
not puting in six bushells malt in a hoggshead."
In 1662-63 he had some trouble on account of the.
misbehavior of his sons, who seem to have been rather
wild young men. The particulars will be mentioned
in a notice of the younger son Thomas. To this son
John Bakei" had on 20 February, 1662, deeded all his
lands, housing, &c., in Topsfield, 150 acres more or
less, with the condition that Thomas should pay to
his father and mother 10£ every year. The date of
death is not known of John Baker, or of his Avife
Elizabeth. He was living at Topsfield in 1680, as
aj^pears from the following documents on record at
Salem : —
"Norwich the 2 of march 1G76.
"M'' John Baker these lines are to desire you to pay the
twenty pound you have in your hand of myne w'^h I did order
you formerly to pay to your Brother Benjamin into the hands of
Ancestry of Prise ilia Baker.
m'" Nathaniell Greenwood of Boston and his receipt shall be
your discharge your cossen Richard Baker & my selfe have
writ to you more fully to that purpose.
On 28 June, 1680, I^athaniel Greenwood discharged
John Baker, Sen., late of Ipswich and now of Tops-
field, in consideration of bills from his sons John and
Thomas to the amount of £'18.
John^ and Elizabeth Baker had four children: —
I. Elizabeth,- born at Norwich in 1633, of whom nothing
II. John,^ born at Norwich in 1631.
III.' Thomas,^ born at Norwich, 13 September, 1636.
IV. Martha,^ born at Ipswich, married, first, Obadiah An-
trim of Salem, who was lost at sea on a voyage to
Nevis in 1665 ; secondly, at Topsfield, ^2 June, 1670,
John^ Baker, elder son of the settler, born at l^or-
wich in 1631, married, 13 May, 1667, Katharine,
daughter of Kev. William Perkins of Topsfield; he
lived in Ipswich, and died in 1718, leaving children.
His son John^ married, in 1703, Hannah, daughter of
8 Ancestry of Prise ilia Baker.
John Dutch of Ipswich, and also died in 1718. Let-
ters of administration on estates of father and son
were granted 14 April of that year. His daughter
Elizabeth^ married, first, 30 June, 1690, Benjamin
Dutch of Ipswich, who died in 1695, and, secondly,
3 August, 1700, John Appleton of Ipswich, who
died 17 May, 1724: she died 24 March, 1750.
Thomas^ Baker, younger son of the settler, born at
JSTorwich 13 September, 1636, received from his father
in 1662 an estate in Topsfield, as stated before, and
lived in that town. He had previously led rather a
wild life at Ipswich. On the records of the County
Court for 26 March, 1661, we read, —
" Thomas Baker upon his p^'sentment for smoking tobaco in
the street on the Saboth daye was fined 10' <fe costs & fees of
The next year he and his brother were concerned
in a very serious matter, which came before the Gen-
eral Court at Boston, from the records of which I
quote at full length : —
7 May, 1662. The Court having considered the case of John
Baker & Thomas Baker, represented to this Court by the records
of the County Court at Ipsuich, together w''* what the parties
Ancestry of Prise ilia Baker.
could say for themselves, in helping John Perly out of the
prison there, who was sentenced to be whipt severely for his
stealing of a mare, the Court sentenceth them to be severely
"vvhipt w**^ tenn stripes apeece forthuith, & be bound to their
good behaviour w*^ sureties of twenty pounds apeece till the
next County Court at Ipsuich.
In ans"" to the petition of John & Thomas Baker, the Court,
considering the humble acknowledgement of the petitioners, &
their ample justiffication of the authority of the country, doe
order the execution of the sentence of this Court a2;ainst them
be suspended till the next session of this Court, the prisoners
giving bond w*^ security to the value of fiffty pounds a peece for
their personall appearance at this Court, & in the meane time to
be of good behaviour. Security was given accordingly by y®
parties, Jn° Baker, y® father, & Tho Deane.
8 October, 1662. John & Thomas Backer appearing in
Court, the Court ordered that the sentence of the last Court
ag* said Bakers be respitted till the next Court of Election,
on condicon that they bring in the person of John Perly to
some of the IVIagis''* at or before sd Court, or otheruise to pay
five pounds a peece to the coiiion tresury, or in defect thereof
to be punished according to former sentence ; & all on condi-
con y'^ give fifty pounds bonds for their appearanc at y^ next
Gen^ Court. ,
6 June, 1663. In ans*" to the petition of John Baker, Seii,
relating to his sonnes, John & Thomas Baker, the Court
lo Ancestry of Pr is cilia Baker.
JLidgetli it meete to abate the petlconers sonnes fines to five
pounds, payable to the Tresnrer of that county, the petitioner
paying tenn shillings for this petition, & then they are tlis-
It may be doubted whether gentlemen would now
escape so easily the results of such an oftence as
helping a prisoner to break jail. These youthful in-
discretions, however, seem to have been forgotten, for
Thomas Baker married at Topsfield, 26 March, 1672,
Mrs. Priscilla, daughter of the Hon. Samuel Symonds
of Ipswich, then an Assistant, and, the year follow-
ing, Deputy Governor of the Colony of Massachusetts.
He lived at Topsfield, and was for many years one of
its most trusted and useful inhabitants. He was a
selectman several times between 1675 and 1700, and
his name occurs verj^ often on the records of the
town, particularly on committees to defend the boun-
daries of Toj^sfield, which were constantly in dispute
with, its neighbors. On 16 May, 1683, the General
Court authorized the inhabitants of Andover, Tops-
field, &c., to raise a troop of horse of forty-eight men;
and Thomas Baker was appointed lieutenant. In
1713 he had the title of captain. His name is on the
list of church-members of Topsfield in 1684.
Ancestry of Priscilla Baker. ii
As Leift Tho Baker, he Avas first sent Deputy
from Topsfield to the General Court of 7 November,
1683, and again in 1684 and 1686. His pay as Dep-
uty was .^2; and the value of his services and time
at this period is seen in the following extract from
the town-records of Topsfield, 25 January, 1687 : —
" Alowed Lieut Thomas Baker five sliilin2;s in silver three
for the Justises confermation of our Rates to our menister
and OTantinij a warrent to our Constable to gather them and
two shilings for three clays one for goeing Commisiener to
Salem & two days to the Justises above said."
In 1688 he was chosen Town -Constable. On
7 May, 1689, he was sent Deputy to consult with the
Council of Safety, and,
"At a lawfull Towne metting the o of June 1G89, — Leiut
Thomas Baker was chosen the Townes representive to goe to
the preasent Counsell for safty of the people and Conservation
of the peace To act for the publick good and welfare and safty
of This Collony prohibbiting any act or thing that may have any
tendencey to the infringment of any of our Charter privilidges
He was also a Deputy in 1690, 1692, 1693, 1694,
1698, and 1708. In September, 1693, the town voted
12 Ancestry of Priscilla Baker.
to pay him 12 shillings per week; but, in October,
changed it to 2 shillings per cl,ay.
Thomas^ and Priscilla Baker had six children: —
I. Priscilla,^ born at Topsfield 8 December, 1674 ; married,
about 1695, Isaac Appleton of Ipswich.
II. Martha,'^ born at Topsfield 14 October,»1682 ; married,
17 April, 1712, Joseph Sargent of Gloucester; and
died 27 May, 1713, leaving one son; her husband
died about 1750.
III. Rebecca,^ born at Topsfield 16 November, 1685 ; mar-
ried 30 April, 1712, Jacob Peabody of Topsfield,
who died 24 July, 1749 ; she lived till 12 March,
IV. Thomas," born at Topsfield 17 February, 1688 ; mar-
ried, 5 January, 1710, Mary, daughter of Rev. Jo-
seph Capen of Topsfield, whose wife was Priscilla
Appleton, a cousin of Isaac, above mentioned ;
Thomas^ Baker died in September, 1725, leaving
several children, and ^Nlary, his widow, married, 11
August, 1730, John Griffin of Bradford.
V. John,^ born at Topsfifeld 6 January, 1691, married
Mary Perley, and died at Ipswich 1 August, 1734.
Tlie following notice appeared in the Boston " News-
Letter" of 8 August: "Ipswich, Aug. 1. This day
died Jo/ui Baker, Esq., in the 44th year of his age !
Ancestry of Priscilla Baker. 13
He was one of His Maj^ Justices of the Peace for the
County of Essex. His Descent was Honourable,
son of Capt. Thomas Baker of Tojisfield, by a dau.
of the late lion. Samuel Symonds Esq., Dep. Gov.
of Mass. He has left a widow witli four small chil-
dren, & a considerable Estate for their Support."
His widow died 26 March, 1738, aged 40.
VI. Elizabeth,^ born at Topsfield, baptized 17 September,
1693, of whom nothing is known.
Capt. Thomas Baker died 18 March, 1718, and was
buried at Topsfield, with this inscription on his
gravestone : —
"Here lyes buried ye
body of "Capt. Thomas
Baker who died
March ye 18^^ 1717-18
Aged 81 years &
& 5 days."
His widow moved to Ipswich, and died there, 2
January, 1734, aged 85.
Priscilla,^ eldest daughter of Capt. Thomas Baker,
born 8 December, 1671, married, about 1695, Isaac
Ancestry of Prise ilia Baher.
Appleton of Ipswich. She died there, 26 May, 1731,
leaving" several children, among whom was an only
son, Isaac, ancestor of many of the name of Appleton,
including most of those who have heen eminent in
^ew England during the present century.
AYILL OF THOMAS BAKER.
nnHE Last Will & Testamt of Thomas Baker of Topsfiekl &
-*- this to be taken only for my last Will & Testament &
no other, & first being penitent & sorry from y° bottom of my
heart for my Sins past most humbly desireing forgiveness for
y® same I give & committ my soul unto almighty God my Sa-
viour & Redeemer in whom & by y® merritt of Jesus Christ I
trust & beleive assuredly to be Saved & to have full remission
and forgiveness of my sins & att y*^ Gener" Day of Resurrection
my body shall rise againe with joy thro y® mcritts of Chi'ist
Death & passio possess & inheritt y*^ Kingdom of heaven pre-
pared for his Elect & Chosen And my Body to be buryed in
such place where it shall please my Executo^" hereafter named
to appoint and for y*' temporal Estate & such Goods, Chattells
& Debts as it hath pleased God farr above my Desarts hath
bestowed upon mee I doe order give & dispose y° same in man-
ner & ftbrme ffollowing That is to say ffirst I will y' all my
debts & duties as I owe in any wise to any person or psons w'
1 6 Ancestry of Pris cilia Baker.
shall be well contented & payd or ordained to be payd w*** con-
venient time after my Decease by my Execut".
Item. I give & bequeath unto Mrs Baker my dearly be-
loved Wife y*' best room in my house or any other part of it &
Cellar room y* shee shall have occasion to make use of for com-
fort & all household goods vizt ray Bedding Woolen brass
peuter & plate except such a part of it as I mentioned hereafter
and disposed off to be att her dispose among her children as shee
sees good & also to be Supplyed with such things as are neces-
sary for her comfortable being as meat drink cloathing sutable
for such a p''son, also to have a horse & man to waite upon her
to meeting on y*^ Sabbath days & att other times as Shee shall
Desii'e to see her ffreinds, and if my Executor faile of perform-
ing y® same y" I give to my said Wife twenty pounds a year in
passing mony to be payd by my son Thomas two thirds parts
of itt & y*^ other third by my son John & their Heires : If my
Wife shoud marry y" I give her five pounds a year in y® like
mony as above expressed To be payd by my executo" y*" pro-
portion as above expressed all which said Gift to my Wife is in
Lieu of her Right of Dower in my said Estate.
Item. I give & bequeath to my three daughters Priscilla
Rebecca & Elizabeth a hundred pounds a peice att money
price or Bills of Creditt with what they have received as
may appear upon my Book & what is wanting to be their
Heires after my Decease to be payd by my Execto" within two
Ancestry of Priscilla Baker. 17
And whereas it hath pleased God to take away my Dafter
Martha by death, & she hath left a child named Joseph Ser-
geant & shee with her husband Sergeant hatli receivd Thirty
one pounds I give y*^ Sura of sixty nine pounds to my grandson
Joseph Serjeant if he lives to y° age of twenty one [years]
to be pd by my Executors as money or bills of creditt to be payd
by my Executo" as heretofore y"" proportion.
I give & bequeath to my Son Thomas all my Houses Lands
& Meadows y' I have in y^ townshipp of Topsfeild and Boxford
«fe Comonages y' belong y^'unto and all my Stocks of Cattle of
what kind soever y' belongs to mee in Topsfeild & Boxford
with all Implements for husbandry & two thirds of all money
y*^ shall remaine due to mee from any person or persons. I also
give to my son Thomas my silver Tankard & silver Spoon y'
was my fFa'thers & also y® use of a good Bed for Strangers.
I also give and bequeath to my son Tho^ seven hundred
acres of land & meadow I bought of M"" Harlack Symonds
and I also give him two hundred & fifty I bought of Mr
Noyes att Salem both parcells of land lying att Coxhall att the
Eastward he paying two thirds of my debts & legacies & to
take care of his mother in all particula''s that shee be supplyd
with those things y* are comfortable for her & to pay two thirds
of mine & my Wife's ffunerall charges.
Item. I give & bequeath to my Son John all my houses and
lands and meadows att y® Argilla fFarme in Ipswich with y®
commonages, & all my stock of Cattle y' shall be left there att
1 8 Ancestry of Priscilla Baker.
my decease, and also I doe bequeath unto my said son John an
acre of Salt Marsh y* I bought of Bro"" Epes with eight hun-
dred acres of upland & meadow att Coxhall att y*^ Eastward he
paying one third of all my debts & legacies & fFunerall charges
of myself & his Mother with six pounds a year to his^Bro''
Thomas Towards his mothers maintenance as shee lives unmar-
Lastly. I doe appoint my two Sons Thomas and John to
be my sole Execute''^ of this my last Will & Testament & To
Exeute y*' same.
In wittness whereinto & confirmation thereof I y*' said
Thomas Baker of Topsfield doe hereunto Sett my Hand &
Seal This seventeenth Day of January in y*' year of our Lord
[One thousand] Seven hundred & Seventeen In y'' fourth year
of His Maj*^^ Reigne.
Signed Seakt & publishd
to be my last Will &
Testament in the
p^'senc'^ of us
Proved at Ipswich, 7 April, 1718.
FAMILY OF SYMONDS.
I WILL begin the account of tliis famih^ by quo-
ting all that is printed in " The History and
Antiquities of the County of Essex," by Rev.
Philip Morant, M.A., 1768. It is found under " The
Pool," an estate in the parish of Great Yeldham.
" The fsimily is originally of Croft in Lancashire, where they
contihuecl in a direct line for about 20 generations, and at
length terminated in females. — From Richard, in the thifd
generation, sprung the Symonds's of Norfolk; and from John,
in the eighth generation, sprung the Symonds's of Cambridge-
shire. — Thomas Symonds, in the eleventh generation, married
. . . daughter of Mr. Tolleshunt, of Tolleshunt Darcy. —
Thomas, in the fourteenth descent, married . . . daughter of
Robert Osbaldeston. — John, in the seventeenth descent, by
. . . daughter of William Lerdiug, had two sons, William of
Croft : and Robert who marrving . . . daughter and heir of
20 Ancestry of P7Hscilla Baker.
. . . Congreve of Stratton in Staffordshire, settled in that
county ; and from his descendents issued the Symonds's of
Oxfordshire. . . . John, in the twentieth generation, was of
Newport; and, by Margaret his wife, daughter of Thomas
Maynard, was father of . . , John: who, by Anne daughter
of Tliomas Bendbow of Shropshire, had his son and heir
Richard Symonds above-mentioned. He was a Cursitor in
Chancery ; and marrying, 9 Janu. 1580, Elizabeth daughter of
Robert Plumb of Yeldham-Hall above-mentioned, had in frank
marriage with her the Poole, where he settled. His wife was
interred in this Church 24 Janu. 1611, and he himself dyed
8 July 1627, and was also buried here. — Richard, then
aged 40 years, is set down in the Inquisition as his son and
heir. But, according to the pedigree, he had also 4 other
sons ; viz. John ; Thomas, who dyed without issue 5 June,
1625 ; Samuel ; and Edmund ; and Richard is set down as the
fifth. O^ John, who is placed as the eldest in the pedigree, we
shall give a particular account, after taking proper notice of the
others. 3. Samuel, the 3d son, married Dorothy daughter of
Thomas Harlakenden of Earl's-Colne. He was a Cursitor in
Chancery ; and had Olivers in Toppesfield ; but retired to
New England with his family. . . . — 4. Edmund the 4th
son, was also a Cursitor in Chancery. In right of his wife,
Anne only daughter of Joshua Draper of Braintree, to whom
he was married 2 February 1614, he had an estate at Black-
Notley, where he dwelt, and dying 9 Decemb. 1627, was buried
A nccstry of Priscilla Baker. 2 i
in that Church. He had 3 sons, and 1 daughter, llichard,
the eldest son, Avas a Cursitor in Chancery, and Collector of the
Three Volumes in folio, preserved in the Heralds Office, con-
taining the Arms, Epitaphs, and other Antiquities in this
county, to which we so often refer in the course of this work.
On the 25th of March 1643, he was committed to prison by
Miles Corbet for his loyalty to K. Charles I. but escaping, he
went into the King's Army, and served in his troop, under the
command of the Lord Bernard Steuart Earl of Litchfield, at
the battles of Cropedy-bridge, Lestwithiel, Newbury second and
third, Naseby, and relief of Chester, where that noble Lord was
slain : After that, he was at Denbigh with Sir William
Yaughan, and at other places. — Edward, the second son,
baptized 20 Decemb. 1621, dyed at Oxford in 1645, being
in arms for the King. . . . John, the third son was baptized
10 April 1627. And Anne 31 March 1631. 5 Richard,
the fifth son of the first Richard Symonds settled here, was of
Magdalen College, Cambridge, and of Lincoln's-Inn. He pur-
chased the manor of Panfield, where he sometimes resided,
and dying 26 Sept. 1680, aged 83, was buried in this Church,
with a monument.
JoHX, the eldest son abovementioned, of Richard Symonds,
who first settled at the Pool, and Elizabeth Plumb, married
Anne daughter of Tho. Elyott of Godalming in Surrey, Esq. ;
by whom he had 4 sons, Richard, John, Samuel, and Fitz-
Symonds : and 4 daughters, Agnes wife of Tho. Bacon of
Ancestry of Priscilla Baker
London, merchant; Elizabeth, of Antony Wohner of Lincoln's-
Inn Esq. ; Thomasine and Dorothy, twins, born 16 August
1627. Thomasine was married to . . . Pepys Esq. ; . . .
Richard, the eldest son, born 13 Octob. 1616, being of Lin-
coln's-Inn, was in several battles with the Earl of Essex
against the King ; and slain at Xaseby 1645, fighting under the
command of Sir Thomas Fairfax. . . . John, the second son,
born at Yeldham, 4 Sept. 1618, became one of the Cursitors in
Chancery upon his father's resignation in 1641. He was of
Lincoln's-Inn, and near 40 years a Justice of Peace for this
county. He had two wives, but issue by neither. The first was
Elizabeth daughter of Sir Robert Quarles of Rumford Knt.
She was buried in this Church 18 Decemb. 1666. His second
wife was Jane daughter of Sir Robert Burgoyne, o£< Sutton in
Bedfordshire, Knt. This worthy person dyed 19 Febr. 1692-3,
in the 74th year of his age, and was buried in the South Chapel
of this Church. By will he left this and other his estates to
Jolui Pepys Esq."
This account is copied almost exactly in " The
History and Topography of the County of
Essex," by Thomas Wright, 1836.
Our more positive information is derived from
the Heraldic Yisitation of Essex in 1634 (British
Ancestry of Priscilla Baka\ 23
Museum, MS. Harleian, 15ti:2), and from the re-
searches of Richard Sjmonds, a nephew of the set-
tler m ^ew England and a devoted antiquary, whose
MS. Collections for the County of Essexj made about
1638-40, in three folio volumes, are now in the library
of the College of Arms, London. He gives six gen-
erations of ancestors before Richard, who married
Elizabeth Plume of Great Yeldham ; and this is prob-
ably as far as he could trace his lineage with any
certainty: Morant's twenty generations would carry
the family back beyond the !N^orman Conquest. The
following pedigree is from the second volume of
Symonds' Collections: it has been already printed by
the Camden Society, together with the contents of
four small MS. volumes by Symonds in the British
Museum, in which he recorded the armory of such
churches as he visited while serving in the Royal
army in 1644-5, as well as much military and other
matter. The same library contains ten more MS.
volumes by Symonds, some of which I have exam-
ined. The compiler made a strange mistake in giv-
ing the date of death of his father, Edward Symonds
of Black J^otley, as 1627, whereas it should be 1636.
The pedigree in the Yisitation difters slightly from
24 Ancestry of Priscilla Baker.
this, but is much shorter, and adds httle information.
It tells the baptismal name, '^- Dorathey," of the wife of
Samuell of Topesfeld, and gives him nine children, —
Kichard, Samuell, Harlakenden, John, William, Dor-
athey, Jane, Anne, Elizabeth. It has the coat of
arms, and attestation, as printed below the wood-
There is little to be added to the pedigree, except
the few facts obtained from the wills here j^rinted.
John*^ Symons of JSTewport, Shropshire, who married
Ann, daughter of Thomas Benbow, died in 1574, and
left a nuncupative will, in which he mentioned his wife
Ann, his sons Richard,^ John,'^ Thomas," Thurston,'^
Francis,' and Roger,' and his daughters Elizabeth,'^
Margaret,^ and Isabel.^ Of these sons, Richard^ moved
to 'orreat Yeldham, Essex, and died there in 1627;
John ^ and Roger" lived at Newport, and died in 1597
and 1604; Thomas' was presented by his brother
Richard to the rectory of Farnham in Essex, which
he held till 1634; Thurston^ was of London, and died
in 1628, leaving an only son, Thomas-; by his will he
appointed as his executors, his "well-beloved kmsmen
and nephewes " Edward Symons of Black IS'otley and
Thomas Symons, son of his brother Thomas Symons
The Aiintiant Amies of Richard Symonds of
great yeldham in com. Essex son ofeJohn Symonds
of newport in com. Sallop gent wth the guifte
of this creast allwch S^' R' St. George K'
Clarenceux king of Amies exeniplifFed by Ires
pattents dated in the ffirst yeare of king Charles
the X^'' day of January a" 1625 to the said
Richard Symonds and to his posterity fForever.
Y E L D H A I
John Symonds of Croft, coiTi Lancast? =
Robt. Symonds went into Staffordshire =
John Symonds of Stratton = daughter of
Thomas Symonds of Stratton == daughter of Thomas Worthingt
John Symonds of Newport, com Salop = Margaret d£
John Symonds of Newport, com Salop = Ann daughl
Richard Symonds of the Poole an antient seate in this parish, = Elizabeth y"
came out of Shropsh : one of y" Cursistars of y« Chancery, | of Yeldliam
buried in Yeldham Church July 8. 1627. i Yeldham chi
one of y« Cur-
sistars of y
Ann daughter of
in y« County of
2'' son dyed
June 5 with-
to Edmund Eyre
of Windsor Gent,
one of ye Cursis-
tars of y^ Chan-
Edward Symonds 2^ son =
one of y" Cursistars of y«' |
Chancery, borne at Yeld-'
ham. Died 9 of Decemb.
1627, buried in ye Church
of Jilack Notley in Essex,
he lived in Notley and
had his lands chiefly by
his wife. Benefactor w""
y" other Cursistars to y"
Library at AVestminster.
Richard Symonds eldest son one of y" Cursistars of y* Chancery
1617, committed prisoner by Myles Corbet for a delinquent to
escaped thence 164.3 & gott into y" Kings Army where he was in
comand of y^ Lord Bernard Stuart Earle of Lichfield in y batta^
field Newbury 2'' Naseby 3'i Reliefe of Cliester where tliat hob''
wti. S>- W'" Vaughan at Denbigh & other places. Collector of the
Richard S. eldest son
student in Lincolns
Inn, in divers battles
with y Earle of Essex
agt ye King, was slayne
at Naseby 1645. Under
ye Comand of S"" Tho ;
Fairfax ag* y" King,
borne Oct. 13. 1616.
John S. 2 son:
one of the Cur-
sistars of the
Chancery by ye
his father 1641.
borne at Y. Sept.
married ye daughter
iter of S'' W'" Lording, Kt.
* enor, of Bellaport, com Salop Esq";
iter & li . of
Con grave, of Stratton.
llobt S. 2'' son married
gliter of Thomas Maynard.
of Thomas Bendbow.
daughter of Rob' Plume
ill, gent, buried in
2h Jan. 27. 1611.
married and had
nn onely daugh-
;er of John Dra-
k'r of Brayntree
n y<s County of
Kssex married in
St. Gregories of
bY-b. 2. 1614.
Samuel S. 3'' son =
one of ye Cursis-
tars of the Chan-
cery, bought. y«
place in Toppes-
field in Essex
100 Pann, went
into New Eng-
Thos : Harlakinden
Richard S. S"' son
Barrister of Lincolns
Inn, bought ye manor
of Panfield in Essex of
James Heron Esq.
Dorothy. Samuel. Harlakenden. Elizabeth.
w^i' he carried w"" him to New England.
iptised at Notlej^ 12 June
State 25 of March 1643,
Kings Troope under y^
of Cropradry bridg Lich-
jrd was slayne. after y'
2'^ son dyed at
Oxford 164.5 being
in Amies for y^
King 1645. bap-
tised Dec. 20. 1621.
bapt. at Notley
Apl 10. 1627.
bapt at N. March
of y» Citty of
married to An-
of Lincolns Inn
whom he had
Aug. 16. 1627.
Dorothy & Penelope
both dead about 1621.
Ancestry of Prise ilia Baker. 25
of Farnham, Clark, Parson of Farnham. Ann, widow
of John ^ Symons, died in 1597.
Kichard' Symonds, eldest son of John, moved to
Great Yeldham in Essex, where he married, 9 Jan-
nary, 1581, Elizabeth, danghter of Robert PInme ^
of that parish, and received with her the estate known
as The Pool. They had five sons, — John,'' Thomas,^
Edward,^ Samnel,'^ and Richard - Fitz ; ^ and one
danghter, Margaret,'^ who married Edmnnd Eyre of
Windsor, and of Bnrnham, Bnckinghamshire. He
was a Cnrsitorf in Chancery, and died in 1G27; his
wife had died in 1611. His will has not been fonnd.
In the chnrch of Great Yeldham is a mural brass
tablet to his memory, with figures of himself and
wife, five sons, and one danghtei-, in prayer, and, be-
low, a shield with these arms : Symonds, of four quar-
terings : 1 and 4, Azure, a chevron engrailed between
three trefoils slipped Or; 2, Or, three eagles dis-
played ; 3, on a bend three eagles dis-
played ; empaling Plume, Argent, a bend Yairy
Or and Gules, cotised Yert.
* Robert Plume was son of John Plume of Great Yeldham, and married
"zabeth Purchas : she died in 1596, and lie in 1613.
t A cursitor is an officer in the Court of Chancery, whose duty it is to make
t original writs.
26 Ancestry of Priscilla Baker.
Joliii^ Symonds, eldest son of Richard, inherited
The Pool, where he lived. He was a Cursitor in
Chancery, and married Ann, daughter of Thomas
Elyott of Godalming in Surrey. They had four sons,
— Richard,^ John,^ Samuel,^ and Fitz;'' and seven
daughters, of whom three died in infancy. Ann,^
born in 1612, married, 1 N^ovember, 1627, Thomas
Bacon; Elizabeth,'' born in 1614, married, 6 June,
1639, Anthon}^ AYollmer, and had a daughter, Eliza-
beth, who married Martin Carter; Thomasine,^ born
in 1626, married John Pepys, and had, with other
children, a son, John Pepys, who inherited part of the
estates of the family in Great Yeldham. John"^
Symonds died in 1657.
Thomas^ Symonds, second son of Richard, died
childless at Great Yeldham, 5 June, 1625. He may
have been the same Thomas Symons, from Essex,
who was admitted fellow-commoner of Jesus College,
Cambridge, S.July, 1615.
Edward^ Symonds, third son of Richard, was a
Cursitor in Chancery, and married Ann, only daugh-
ter of Joshua Draper of Bi'aintree in Essex, with
w^hom he had an estate at Black ^N'otley, in the same
county, where he lived, and died in 1636. They had
Ancestry of Pr is cilia Bahci^. 27
three sons, — Richard,^ Edward,^ and John; ^ and one
daughter, Ann,^ who married Wright.
Samuel- S3anonds, fourth son of Richard, moved to
New England, and founded the family in America.
He will be fully noticed farther on.
Richard-Fitz ^ Symonds, fifth son of Richard, born
in 1598, was a barrister of Lincoln's Inn. He bought
the estate of Panfield in Essex, and died unmarried,
26 September, 1680, leaving his property to the sons
of his brother John. In the church of Great Yeld-
ham is a mural marble monument to his memory,
with the family arms, and the following inscription : —
Armigeri q;ii bene latuit
beneq. vixit. Et sup 26^""^
diem Septembr, A". Dni
1680 ab hac luce
A° J^^tatis sue
Richard^ Symonds, eldest son of .John, born in
1616, was killed at Naseby, in 1645;^ in the Parlia-
mentary army under Sir Thomas Fairfax.
28 Ancestiy of PiasciHa Baker.
John'^ Symonds, second son of John, born in 1618,
was a Cursitor in Chancery, and sncceeded his father
in the estates at Great Yeldham. He married, first,
Ehzabeth, daughter of Sir Kobert Qnarles of Kom-
ford in Essex, Knight, who died 15 December, 1666,
and was baried at Great Yeldham* and secondly,
Jane, daughter of Sir Robert Burgoyne of Sutton,
Bedfordshire, Knight. He had no children, and died
19 February, 1693, leaving his extensive estates in
Great Yeldham, Castle Hedingham, TojDpesfield,
Panfield, Shalford, Stamborne, &c., to his nephew,
John Pepys of Cambridge, and his grand-nephew,
Martin Carter. In the church of Great Yeldham is a
mural marble monument to his memory, with a shield
of four quarterings, and the long inscription following.
Arms, 1 and 4, Symonds, as before; 2, Azure, a talbot
passant Argent, for Burgoyne; 3, Or, a fess dancettee
Ermine betAveen three sea-pewits Yert, for Qnarles.
Hie in pace quiescit,
Non nisi novissima tuba evoeandus,
De Yeldham magna, in Comit. Essexite,
In Hospitio Lincolniensi
Ancestry of Priscilla Baker. 29
Legibus impense studuit, sed pad magis,
Cujus per quadraginta fere annos
Gustos erat vigilantissimus :
Juris imprimis, sed & requi simul,
Id enim unice curavit
Vt lites extingueret impensis & simultate senescentes :
Vnde ubique habitus est
Pauperum patronus & asylum. Spectatai erat
Erga Deii pietatis, erga amicos fidei, erga egenos liberalitatis.
Duas suscepit Vxores,
Ytramque osquo & singular! coluit afFeotu :
Primam Diii Rob. Quarles Filiam
De Rumford in Comit. Essexia^ Militis ;
- Secundam, Diii Rogeri Burgoyne
De Sutton in agro Bedford. Militis & Bar*! Filiam.
Memoria justi non peribit in asternum.
Obiit Feb. XIX, Anno Salutis, MDCXCII. iEtatis sua3
SamiieP Symonds, third son of John, born in 1623,
was rector of Coine Engaine in Essex, from 1662 to
1667, m which year he died, and was buried at Great
Yeldham. He left a wife, Hannah, but no children.
Fitz*^ Symonds, fourth son of John, born in 1629,
Avas livmg in 1666. Probably he was the person called
30 Ancestry of Priscilla Baker
Orlando-Fitz Symonds, of Steeple Burapstead in
Essex, who died, unmarried, 20 February, 1692, and
was buried at Great Yeldham. Letters of adminis-
tration were granted to his brother John.
Richard^ Symonds, eldest son of Edward, born in
1617, was a Cursitor in Chancery. He has given
a biography of himself in the pedigree following
page 21. He appears among the compounded royal-
ists of the county of Essex, with an estate of .£295.
Mr. Charles E. Long, editor of his manuscript diary
for the Camden Society, gives him this well-merited
praise : " We are indebted to him, then a very young
man, for many a family record which time, neglect,
and Vandalism have since swept away; and, if his
narrative is not always lively, and attractive to the
general reader, it is valuable as affording corrobora-
tive testimony to the truth of other publications of
that period." He was living in 1660, but the date
of his death is not known.
Edward*^ Symonds, second son of Edward, born in
1621, died at Oxford in 161:5, being then in the King's
John^ Symonds, third son of Edward, born in 1627,
was of Pater-Xoster Row, London, and may have
A nccstry of Priscl//a Baker. 3 1
been the person mentioned thus in Richard Smyth's
Obitnary of persons he knew, (British Museum, MS.
Sloane 886): "1654. May 19, Mr. Simonds, the
Edward Symonds, rector of Rayne in Essex, was
a member of the family, but his exact relationship
is not knoAvn. He was son of Edward, is called
" cousin " by Richard, the antiquary, and is commem-
orated by Cotton Mather, in his " Magnalia Christi
Americana," for the following words in a sermon
jDreached in 1637 : " Many now promise to themselves
nothing but successive Happiness at New England;
which for a time, thro' God's Mercy, they may enjoy;
aud I pray 'God, they may a long time, but in this
World there is no Happiness perpetual."
EXTRACTS FROM THE REGISTER OF NEWPORT, SHROPSHIRE.
1573-(4). January. John Simons sepult the .
1592-(3). William Simons son of Roger bapt. march 22.
1593. September. Mary Simons filia John bapt. the 2.
1594. Margaret Simons filia Thomas bapt. novemb. 4.
1595. February. Mary Simons filia John sepult the 7.
1595. Elizabeth Simons filia Roger bapt. January the 23.
1596. June. William Simons sepult the 22.
1597. June. Anna Simons widdow sepult the 2.
1597. July. Margaret Simons sepult the 2.
,, ,, Jane Simons widdow sepult the 17.
,, ,, Elizabeth Simons sepult the 25.
1597. August. Thomas Symons draper sepult the 6.
1597. September. John Symons draper sepult the 8.
1598. May. Atealanta Simons filia William bapt. the 25.
1598-(9) . February. Margaret Simons filia John bapt. the 1.
1G04. Julij. Rogerus Symmons sepultus fuit vicesimo sep-
timo Die i Rogerus occisus fuit p .*
* The last word I could not decipher.
Ancestry of Priscilla Baher. 33
EXTRACTS FROM THE REGISTER OF GREAT YELDIIAM, ESSEX.
1580-(1). Richard Symons and Elizabeth Plume weare niaried
the ix"' day of January Anno Elizabeth the xxiij" anno
1617. Samuel Symons and t)orothie Harlaklnden were maried
the second day of Aprill 1617 annoq regni Jacobi
Eeo;is etc 15°.
1595. Samuell Symons the sonne of Richard Symons was
baptised the ix*^ of June 1595 Eliz. xxxvij'!'
1598. Richardfitz Symons the sonne of Richard Symons was
baptised the xxx*'' day of march anno diii 1598 anno
Eliz. the xF!'
1610-(1). Elizabeth Symons late wife of m*" Richard Simons
was buried the xxiiij"' of January 1610, aiioq regni
Jacobi regis etc octavo.
1625. Thomas Symons, soile of Richard Symons, was buried
the sixt day of June 1625 aiioq regni Caroli Regis
1627. m'" Richard Symons the elder was buried the x*'' day of
1657. M. John Symons senyor was buryed the 6"^ day of
1666-(7). M-" Samuell Symonds was buryed Jan. 15"^ 1666.
1680. Richard Fitz-Symonds Esq was buryed Octob. 1^ 1680.
34 Ancestry of Priscilla Baker.
EXTRACTS FROM THE REGISTER OF TOPPESFIELD, ESSEX. "
1618. Jun. 15. Richard the sonne of Samuel Simons ijent.
1(319. Nouemb. 9. Dorothe daughter of Samueii Simons &
Dorothe his wife was baptized.
1621. Apr. 29. Jane daughter of Samuell Simons »& Doro-
thee his wife baptized.
1622. Anne Simons the daughter of Samuell Simons orent. &
Dorothy his wyfe was baptized y° 25"' day of Aprill
1623. Samuell Symons the sonne of Samuell Svmons grent. &
Dorothy his wife was baptized the 29"' day of October
1624. EHzabeth Symons the daughter of Samuell Symons
gent. & Dorothy his wife was baptized y^ 22* day of
December Anno p'dicto.
1625-(6). Samuell Simons y*^ sonne of Samuell Symons gent.
& Dorothy his wife was baptized y*^ 3 day of Janu-
ary Anno p''dicto.
1627. Harlakinden Simons y*^ sonne of Samuell Simons gent.
& Dorothy his wife was baptized y*^ 17"' day of Aprill
1628. John Simons the sonne of Samuell Symons gent. &
Dorothy his wife was baptized y*^ 15"^ day of Julie
A nccstry of Prise ilia Baker. 3 5
1629. Robert Simons the sonne of Samuell Sjmons gent. &:,
Dorothy his wife was baptized y° 13"^ day of August
1632. William Svmons y® sonne of Samuell Svmons arent. &
Dorothy his wife^was baptized y*^ 22"* day of June
1633. Roger Symons y® sonne of Samuell Symons gent. &
Dorothy his wife was baptized the 5"' day of Decem-
ber A" p'dicto.
1623. Samuell Symons the sonne of Samuell Symons was
buried the 4"* day of November Anno p'dicto.
1630. Robert Symons y** sonne of Samuell Symons was buried
y'' 2 day of September Anno p'dicto.
1634. Roger Symons wms buried the 10"* day of June A"
1634. Anne Symons was buried y*^ 27* day of Nouember
1636. Dorothy Simons y° wife of m*" Samuel Simons was
buried y*" 3'^ day of August A" p'dicto.
^6 Alices hy of Prise ilia Baker.
WILLS FROM VARIOUS PROBATE OFFICES.
In the name of God amen the xxix*'' daye of November anno
1573, and in the Sixteneth yeare of o^' Soveraigne Ladye Eliza-
beth, by the grace of God Quene of Enghannd Fraunce and
Ireland defendo^ of the faithe &c. John Symons late of New-
porte in the countie of Salopp deceased sicke of bodye but
whoale and pfecte of remembraunce in the preasance of Roger
Symons Frauncs Milwarde and Thomas Bendbowe spake theis
words hereafter ensewinsj or the like in effecte as his laste will
that is to saye he gave all his landes unto his eldeste Sonne
Richarde Symons and to his Seconnde Sonne John Symons he
gave fyve Poundes of Lawfull monnye of england. Item he
gave and bequeasted to Thomas Symons his thirde Sonne fyve
poundes of lawfull monnye of englande. Item he gave and
bequeasted to Thurstan Symons his fovvrth Sonne fyve poundes
of Lawfull monnye of englande. Item he gave and bequeasted
to Frauncs Symons his fifte Sonne fyve poundes of Lawfull
monnye of englande. Item he gave and bequeasted to Roger
Symons his youngeste Sonne fyve poundes of Lawfull mon-
nye of englande. Item he gave and bequeasted to Elizabeth
his dawghter Twentie Poundes of Lawfull monnye of eng-
lande and one fetherbed and twoe sil? Sponcs. Item he gave
and bequeasted to Margarette his dawghter Thirtene Poundes
Ancestry of Priscilla Baker. 37
vjs viij'^ of Lawfull monnye of Englancle one fetlierbedtle and
twoe silver spones. Item he gave and bequeasted .to Isabell his
youngeste dawghter xiij" vj^ viij*^ of Lawfull monnye of eng-
lande one fetherbedd and twoe Silver spones. Item all the resi-
dewe of his goodes unbequeasted he gave and bequeasted to
Anne his wife whome he made his onely and soale executrix.
Proved at London 4 June 1574.
In the name of God Amen I John Symonds of Nether Yeld-
ham in the Countie of Essex gent, being at the present time in
good and perfect memorie (thainks be to Allmightie God thei'e-
fore) yet takeing unto mind the frailtie of this mortall life, Doe
make and ordeine this my last will and Testament in manner
& forme following revoking all others. First I commit my
soule to God that gave it, and my bodie to be buried trusting
and relying upon the mercies of God and that by the meritts of
Jesus Christ which he hath done and suffered for sinfull man-
kind (beleevers in him) to obtain remission of my sinnes &
fruition of eternall Life amongst his glorified Saints. Also I
give and bequeath to my sonne Samuel Symonds tlie summe of
Six Hundred pounds partlie in Lieu of a Legacie of Twentie
pounds given to him by his Grandfather Symonds his will* and
* Unfortunately this will is not now found.
38 Ancesby of Priscilla Baker.
in full siitisfiiccon thereof To be paid to him by my Executor
hereunder named. Also I give and bequeath to my sonne Fitz
Synionds the summe of Three hundred pounds To be paid to
hira by my s*^ Executor which two severall portions or Legacies
if my Executor be not provided to paie them within Six moneths
after my decease then my will and minde is, That my said Exe-
cutor shall give to each of them sufficient securitie by Mortgage
of Lands for the payment thereof with allowance for the for-
bearance thereof. Also my will & minde is, that whereas my
Daughter Elizabeth is left in a deplorable estate & condicon by
her evill disposed husband Wolmer, who inasmuch' as in him
Lyeth hath deprived her of all means of Liveliehood, although I
her father Upon the Commendacon of him to me by my brother
Richard Did give him Six Hundred pounds, and Lend hira fur-
ther one Hundred pounds &c in marriage with her ; She being
now ao-aine Left to the rate & charo^e of me her Father, cannot
but doe the Utmost for her that I am able. Further it is there-
fore my will and mynd that my said Executor doe take special
care for her reliefe, so that she be p'"vided for of meat drinck
Howseroome, Lodging, Apparrell fireing and all other necessa-
ries for her liveliehood meet for her during her life or untill it
shall please God otherwise to provide for her. Also my will
and minde is. That my said Executor doe take speciall care of
my Grandchild Elizabeth Wolmer, to whom I give and bequeath
the sume of * Hundred pounds to be paid to her by my
* Blank in original.
Alices tj'y of Prise ilia Baker. 39
said Executor at her ao;e of one & Twentie vercs iinles she
niarrie before, then at her marriage, Which two hist mentioned
Legacies, that they male the better be performed, my will and
mind is that my Stock shalbe apprized by three judicious men
whereof my brother Richard^ & my sonne Samuel to be two of
them, the value or price or summe thereof, which being em-
ployed will as I conceive yeld a Competence for the mainte-
nance of my said Daughter Elizabeth and of her Daughter, till
she have her portion. And my desire is, that my said Execu-
tor shall or will execute this my desire And shall also give my
Sonne Samuel for the performance hereof such securitie as my
said Brother and sonne Samuel shall think meet. And further
my will is that if my said Executor shall refuse so to doe, then
I will that my said sonne Samuel shall have the value or price
of my stock as -it is apprized and he shall give bonds to my said
Executor for the performance hereof as is desired. Also I give
and bequeath to my grandchild Hellen Bacon the summe of
Twentie pounds at her age of three and Twentie yeres, To be
paid to her by my said Executor. Also I give and bequeath to
T^ventie of the Poore people of Nether Yeldham Hedingham at
the Castle & Toppesfield each parish Twentie shillings a Parish
to be distributed at the Discrecon of my said Executor soone
after my decease. Also I give and bequeath to each of my
bretheren and Sister Eyre a peece of Gould of Twentie & two
shillings in token of my love unto them. Also I give and be-
queath to my sonne in Lawe Pepys the Five pounds which he
40 Ancestry of Priscilla Baker.
oweth me. Also I give and bequeath to my daughter Thoma-
sine his wife Five pounds to be paid to her self by my said Exec-
utor and to their two sonns Samuel & John Five pounds a
peece at their severall ages of one and Tvventie yeres. Also I
give & bequeath to Roger Wrag all my w^earing apparrell, &
three pounds in monie. Also for the better enabling & incour-
agement of my said Executor to undertake the Execucon of this
my will I give & bequeath unto my sonne John Symonds whom
I make my sole Executor of this my will, All the rest of my
goods, Debts, Chatties, Lands and Tenements (my Debts &
Legacies being Discharged & which are not in this my will
otherwise Directed and Disposed) To have and to hold to him
and his heires for ever ; Hoping that he will doe his best en-
deavor to Execute this my Avill according to my intent &
meaninge. In witnes whereof I have hereunto put my hand
& seale the Eighth Daie of May in the yere of o*" Lord One
Thovvsand Six Hundred Fiftie Seaven. By me John Symonds
geii. p me Joham Symonds geii.
Proved at London 23 November 1657.
In the name of the blessed Trinitie God Almightie Amen the
Twelfe dale of October in the yeare of the Incarnation of my
Lord Jesus Christ one thousand six hundred thirty sixe I
Ancestry of Prise ilia Baker, 41
Edward Symonds of Black Notley in the County of Essex and
Dioces of London gentleman beingc at this tyme sicke and
weake in body but in good and perfect meniorie (I praise the
Almightie God therefore) considering this my uncertaine con-
tinuance in this my mortall life, doe for the better quiet of my
own mind and peace and concord of those whome by the lawes
of nature & grace I am bound to provide for, make and ordainc
this my last will and Testament as followeth.
First and above all things I give myselfe wholly into the
hands of God the Father for hee made me, Jesus Christ his
onely sonne my onely Saviour for hee redeemed mee, and to the
holy ghost my Comforter and Directer in all goodness for hee
sanctifieth me. To which blessed Trinity in unity and unitie in
Trinitie I humbly desire to be an instrument of glory both heere
and in heaven for evermore.
The temporal! goods which that great God hath bestowed
upon mee I give and bequeath in such sort as hereafter is
And first I give and bequeath unto Richard Symonds my
sonne whome I doe ordavne and constitute the sole Execute'" of
this my last will and testament, All my houses lands tenements
leases goods and Chattells except such as are hereby otherwise
disposed, to have and to hold to him and his heires for evef upon
trust confidence and condicon that hee will performe and fulfill
the same accordinge to the true intent and meaninge thereof
discharging my debts and paying such Legacyes as shall hereby
42 Ancestry of PiHscilla Baker.
bee given and bequeathed and under the Charges provisoes and
Lymitacons hereafter expressed and declared.
And forasmuch as I hould myself obliged by the bonds of
nature to expresse a tender respect and care for the future main-
tenance and support of my deare Companion and loving wife
Avho albeit shee is interessed or intituled unto parte of my lands
by the order and course of the Coinon lawes of this Realme, yet
for her quiet and the more orderly and convenient disposinge of
my estate amongst my said wife and children and by her consent
and app'bacon I doe hereby give and bequeath unto my said
wife for terme of her life in leiwe and recompence of her dower
and estate out of all my Lands and Tenements the yearely rent
of Five and Fifty Pounds, to be paid by my said Executor att
the fower usuall Feasts or tymes in the year (that is to say) at
the Feast of St. Michaell Tharchangell, the Nativity of our
Saviour Jesus Christ, the Annunciacon of the blessed Viroin
Mary, and the Nativity of St. John the Baptist by equall
porcons, The first payment thereof to commence at that Feast
which shall first happen after my decease. And if it shall
happen the same to bee behind and unpayd by the space of
Fifteene dayes after anie of the dayes and tymes limited for the
payment thereof. Then it shalbe lawfull for my said wife to
enter into all my Lands and Houses whatsoeV and wheresoever
and there to distreyne untill the same be paid accordinge to the
true intent and meaninge of this my last will and testament.
Yet notwithstandinge my will and meaning is that my said wife
Ancestjy of Priscilla Baker. 43
sh.'ill have and occupye to her owne use and behoofe duringe her
life two Chambers that is to say the Kitchine Chamber wlierein
my said sonne lyeth and tlie Chamber intended to be builded
over part of the Brewhouse with free Uberty att her pleasure to
walk in and through all the houses yards gardens Orchards &c.
alsoe a meete roome or part in the woodhouse for wood &c.
Item I give and bequeath unto her my said lovinge wife
thirtie jaounds in money and of goods, household stuffe plate or
Jewells (after appraisement made) of whatsoever shee best
liketh to the value of Thirtie Pounds more. Provided alwaies
and upon condicon that if my said wife doe claime or demand
any of my said Lands or Tenements by vertue or pretence of
anie manner of right tytle or Interest or shall not within Three
moneths after my death release convey and assure unto my said
Sonne Richard all her my said wifes right title or estate &
interest into or out of all and singuler my said Lands and Tene-
ments then shee is to loose the benefitt of all such Legacyes
goods and Coinodityes as are to her hereby appointed and gyven
and everie Clause concerninge onely the same to bee voide and
of none effect.
Item I give and bequeath to my two sonnes Edward and
John Six hundred Pounds a peece to bee paid to them at their
severall ages of thre? and twenty yeares, aijd to my daughter
Ann Five hundreth Pounds to be paid att her age of twentie
yeares or at the daie of her marriage which shall first happen,
and in the meane tyme for and towards their educations sixteene
44 Ancestry of Priscilla Baker.
Pounds a peece yearely till they accomplish their severall ages
of twenty yeares and then my will is that my said sonnes shall
have fower and twenty Pounds a peece yearely untill they shall
attaine to their said seVall ages of three & twenty yeares, the said
Annuyties or yearely soines to bee paid at the fower feasts and
tymes in the yeare as is before appoynted to my Wife by equall
porcons. And if it shall happen the same to be behind and
unpaid by the space of twenty dayes after anie of the said tymes
lymited then it shalbe lawfull for my said three Children Edward
John and Ann, and everie of them respectively to enter into all
my lands and Tenements in Bumpstead and to distreyne untill
the same bee paid according to the true intent and meaning of
this my last will and testament. And if the said principall
soiiie or Legacie of Six hundreth Pounds o-iven to my said sonne
Edward happen to be unpaid at the tyme before appoynted for
the payment thereof then my will is that my said sonne Edward
to have and to hould to him and to his heires forever the one
moyety of my farme and Tenements in Bumpstead, Likewise
if it happen the said principall some or Legacie of Six hundreth
pounds given to my said sonne John to be unpaid at the tyme
before appointed for the payment thereof, then my will is that
my said sonne John to have to him and his heires forever the
other moyetie of my said farme and Tenements in Bumpsteed
upon this Condicon notwithstanding that my said two sonnes
Edward and John soe entryng and enjoyinge the sayd severall
moyetyes pay out of the same one hundred and Fifty Pounds a
Ancestry of Priscilla Baker. 45
peece to my said daughter Anne as parte of the Five hundrctli
Pounds before bequeathed her at such tymes as are assigned for
the payment thereof, and if it further happen the other three
hundred pounds residue of the said Legacie of Five hundred
pounds to be unpaid unto my said daughter att her said age of
twenty yeares or day of marriage then my will and meaninge is
my said daughter Ann to have and to hould to her and her
heires forever my Lands and Tenements in Black Notley called
Overeds Grayes Wren Parke and Perry Crofts. Provided
alwayes that if my said daughter Ann marry without the consent
of my Loving bretheren John Symonds, Samuel Symonds,
Richard-Fitz Symonds, and of Ann my beloved wife and
Richard my sonne or two of them at the least, the same to be
declared by wryting under three or two of their hands and scales,
then my will and meaninge is that the said Five hundreth pounds
shall be paid into the hands of my said bretheren to bee by them
distributed amonge my Children according to their discretions.
Item I give and bequeath unto my said Bretheren and Mar-
garet my Sister Five markes a peece in token of my love to
them and my meaninge is that my said Executo^' reward my
Servants with some token for remembrance accordin<y to his
discretion and their meritt.
And lastly (though not most forgotten) I will and require
my said Executo'' to contynue in my steede mindfull of the
poore not for once and a done but from tyme to tyme as God
shall inlarge him with abilitie thereunto.
46 Ancestry of Priscilla Baker.
In witnes this to be my last will and Testament conteyned
in these two severall sheets of paper whereunto alsoe my hand
and Seale is severally put.
These are witnesses whose names are subscribed. Joshua
Draper. Sollomon Rallins. The inlke of William Homes.
Proved at London 31 January 1637.
EICHARD FITZ SYMONDS.
In the name of God Amen, The first day of June in the yeare
of our Lord God One thousand six hundred sixtie &> three I
Richard Fitz Symonds of Yeldham Magna in the Countie of
Essex gentleman being of whole minde & p^'fect remembrance
(blessed be God) doe make ordaine & declare this to be my
last Will & Testament and doe make constitute & appoint my
trustie & well-beloved Nephew M^ John Symonds sonne & heire
of my brother John Symonds sole Executor heereof. And first
I doe humbly resigne So recommend my immortall Soule into
the hands of Almighty God my Heavenly Father the Lord &
maker therof through the sanctification of whose Holy Spirit I
have an entrance unto him by Jesus Christ my Blessed Redeemer
through the sprinkling of whose precious bloud I am begotten
againe with a lively hope that I have free & full remission of
Ancestry of Priscilla Bahcr. 47
all my Sinnes and that when the eai'thly tabernacle of my flesh
is dissolved I shall liave possession of a durable Inheritance
among them that are sanctifyed by faith in his name. Secondly
I doe committ my Body to the earth to be decently buryed in
sure & c'taine hope that it shall be kept through the power of
God & raysed up at the last day by vertue of y° resurrection of
Jesus Christ from the dead and that Soule & Body being re-
united shall together enjoy the perpetuitie of Blessedness & holy
happyness in the Kingdome of Heaven for evermore. Item I
give & bequeath IFortie shillings to the Poore of Yeldham ;
And ifortie shillings to the Poore of Panfield ; And Twentie
shillings to the Poore of Shalford : to be distributed accordino;
to the discretion & direction of mine Executor. Moreover I
bequeath Twentie pounds to be imployed by mine Executor
about the purchase of fiirewood for the Almeshouse of Yeldham
aforesaide and to be layd in the yard of the saide Almeshouse
yearely for Ten yeares after my decease for tlie use & behoofe
of the Poore therin. Item I give unto my loving Brother
M^ Samuel Symonds of New-England One hundred pounds to
be paid within one yeare after my decease (if he be then living)
And also five pounds a piece to every one of those his Children
w'hich were borne in Enofland & went w'th him & shall be
living a yeare after my decease. Item I give those my Manors
of Nicholls & Panfield hall with all & every their severall &
respective riglits members & appurten'nces Together with all &
sing'lr my Lands Tenem'ts Rents & Hereditam'ts whatsoever
48 Ancestry 0/ Prise ilia Baker.
Sc wheresoever unto the forenamed John Symonds my Nephew
To have & to hold the saide Manors & Lands to him & the
helres males of his body and for default of such issue Then as
to my Manor of Nicholls with all & every its rights members &
app'ten'nces Together with all & sing'l'r my lands tenem'ts
Rents &. Hereditam'ts in Shaldeford, my will is that they shall
remaine & come to Samuel Symonds brother of the saide John
»& to the heires males of his body And for default of such Issue
male of the body of the saide Samuel Symonds Then they shall
remaine over to Fitz Symonds Brother of the saide Samuel &>
to the heires males of his body, And for defoult of such issue
male of the body of the saide Fitz Symonds, Then to the right
heires of the saide John Symonds for ever. And as to my Ma-
nor of Panfield hall with all & every its rights members &
app'ten'nces Together with all & sing'l'r my lands tenem'ts
Rents & Hereditam'ts in Panfield my will is That for default of
such Issue male of the body of the saide John Symonds they
shall remaine & come to the saide Fitz Symonds & the heires
males of his body ; And for default of such Issue the Remainder
thereof to Samuel Symonds Brother of the saide Fitz Symonds
and the heires males of his body ; And for default of such Issue,
to the right heires of the saide John Symonds for ever. Item
I give unto the said John Symonds my Nephew All those
Arerages of a c'taine Rent Charge of Twentie pounds p"" Ann
granted unto mee by my Father out of all his Lands in Yeldham
by his deede bearing date 23" die Martij Anno R' Jacobi AnglijB
Ancestry of Priscilla Baker. 49
ye 17? and are behinde unpaide from the death of my Father (I
being unwilling to burden my Brother who inlierited those lands
or his Sonne succeeding him unless thereunto urged by neces-
sitous want.) Item I give & bequeath unto my saide Nephew
M^ John Symonds the Scale Ring of Amies which I received of
my Fathers gift & which he in his life tyme used to weare, And
also all my Bookes, Together with all other my goods 8c chattells
(excepting only such as are or shall be by this my Will other-
wise given appointed & bequeathed) All which my saide lands
goods & chattells before menconed I give unto my saide beloved
Nephew in trust & confidence that Avith the profits raysed out
therof he will faithfully & fully pay & discharge all my detts,
& duely p^forme & pay all such legacies as are in this my Will
bequeathed. Item I give unto the forenamed Samuel Symonds
& Fitz Symonds Sonnes of my Brother John Symonds One
hundred pounds a piece ; Moreover I give to the saide Fitz
Symonds my Scale King of Armes which I used to weare.
Item I give unto my Neece Wolmer daughter of my said Brother
John Symonds Twentie pounds (Not doubting but that my
Executor (who beareth a singular love & affection to her his
sister) will exhibite unto her to the value of five pounds yearely
dui'ing her naturall life, in such manner & way as shall be most
convenient, wherefore my Will & meaning is that he shall not be
injoyned, or any wayes compelled thereunto, but that it shall be
left wholly to his Love prudence & discretion.) Item I give
unto my saide Neeces daughter Elizabeth the wife of M'- Martiny
50 Ancestry of Pris cilia Baker.
Carter five pounds. Item I give unto Thomasine the wife of
Mi; John Pepyes five pounds. Item I give unto Ann daughter
of my Brother Edward Symonds & wife of M^ Wright five
pounds. Item I give to Helen Bacon my deceased Neeces
daughter five pounds. Item I give Ten pounds to be imployed
by ray Executor in the purchase of a Jewell for his wife as a
token of my Love unto her. Item I give to M^ William
Adderley the elder my kinsman, To Mv John Pepyes my kins-
man, To M^ Wright my kinsman, To M'^ Martin Carter my
kinsman. To M^ Thomas Symonds the elder of Farnham, To
M^ John Brookes Minister of Yeldham, every of them a Gold
Ping of the value of Twentie shillings in token of my Love to
them. From my experience of the Reverend M'^ John Brook, I
do augment his Legacie, and to him I doe bequeath five pounds.
Item I give to each of the Meniall Servants of my foresaide
Nephew M^ John Symonds remaining in his service at the tyme
of my death Ten shillings a piece.
R. FiTZ Symonds.
Sealed subscribed published & declared to be the last Will &
Testament of the saide Richard Fitz Symonds in the p''sence of
Samuel Pluiiie. Tho. Plufiie. John Brooke. Robert Purkis.
Thomas Ha2*o'ard. Ezekiel Allin.
Proved at Chelmsford 11 January 1681.
Ancestry of Priscilla Baker. 51
In the Name of God Amen I John Symonds of Yeldham in
the County of Essex Esquire being of good disposing minde and
meraoiy and considering my mortality doe make and ordain this
my last Will and Testament hereby revoking all former Wills.
First I Coinend my Soul into the hands of my Great Creator
hoping for life and pardon through the merits of my blessed
Saviour. I dispose of my temporall Estate as folio weth.
First I confirm the Jointure which I have made to my dear
wife unto my dear wife and in addition thereunto and for her
more comfortable subsistance after my death I give to her my
Mansion house called the Poole with all the Outhouses Orchards
gardens and grounds thereunto belonging both free and Copy
togeather with my house and lands called Lancasters and all
their appurteniics in the occupacon of Moses Hurrell scituate in
Yeldham Castle Hedingham and Topesfield To hold to her and
her Assiijnes durinsr her naturall life if she shall so lonsr continue
sole and unmarried with this Trust in her reposed That she shall
not fell any Timber there growing or the bodies of any trees there
but such as from time to time shall be decayed and dead Excej^t
for the necessery repairs of the houses aforesaid and of the gates
stiles and Fences thereto belonoin2: and with this further Trust
that she shall keepe and maintaine all the houses and fences
thereon in good and sufficient repair whiles she enjoyeth them.
And the said additionall Jointure is made in recompence of a
52 Ancestry of Priscilla Baker.
small parcell of Land called Finchingfield crofts of the yearly
value of Fifty shillings which were part of her jointure and by
me sold divers years since.
Item I give my Mannors of Panfield Hall and Nichols scituate
in Panfield and Shalford in the County of Essex with all the
Outhouses Royalties and grounds thereunto belonging and all
and every of their and either of their appurteiics And all other
my Messuages Cottages Lands and tenements in Panfield and
Shalford aforesaid unto my kinsman M"^ Martin Carter and his
heirs and Assignes for ever.
Item I give after my Wifes decease my JNIessuage and Farm
called Kings scituate in Great Bardfield little Bardfield with all
the houses and grounds thereunto belonging unto him the said
Martin Carter and his Heirs forever.
Item I give my lands and grounds called Rookwoods scituate
in Saling magna unto him the said Martin Carter and his heirs
upon this Condicon that he or they doe pay or cause to be paid
unto my Neece Elizabeth Pepys or her Assignes all such moneys
as are due to her by bond or otherwise by Martin Carter de-
ceased Father of the said Martin with due interest for the same
within one year next after my decease And in case of failure
therein then I give the said Lands called Eookwoods with their
appurteiics to my said Neece Elizabeth Pepys and her Heirs
I give also the Revercon of all my Messuages Houses Lands
and Tenements scituate and being in Horn church and Rumford
Alices hy of Priscilla Baker. 53
in the county of Essex after my wifes decease unto the said
Martin Carter and his Heires for ever.
Item I give all those Lands and Tenements vvhicli are lying
in Cottenhani Willingham and Rampton in the county of Cam-
bridge which I hold as Tennant by Elegit and all the interest
w^hich I have therein to such persons and to such uses and under
such Trusts as the same are devised and limitted by the last
Will and Testament of Martin Carter deceased late of Felsted.
Item I give after my Wifes decease the Revercon of my
Mansion house called the Poole scituate in Yeldham aforesaid
and of all the outhouses orchards gardens Lands grounds and
appurteiics thereunto belonging and of the Messuage Outhouses
and grounds called Lancasters in the occupacon of Moses Hurrell
aforesaid and of all that my Manner of Gunces with all the
Houses lands and rounds thereunto belonging both free and
Copy lying and being in Great Yeldham Toppesfield and
Stamborne in the severall occupacons of John Page and John
Ashby and of all that Farm called Beverleys with the grounds
and appurteiics therewith demised unto the said John Ashby
And of all that peece of Meadow and pasture called Keney
lying in Yeldham and in my own occupacon containing by esti-
macbn about six acres unto my Nephew M"" John Pepys of
Cambrido;e and his Heires forever.
Item I give my Tenement called Spiltlmbers with the yards
Orchards Smiths Forge and Shopp thereto belonging and the
Croft called Spiltimber Croft And the house and outhouses in the
54 Alices try of Priscilla Baker.
Tenure of Thomas Wragg, My Cottage in.which Martha Annable
now dwelleth with the yard and Orchard thereto belonghig and
my Meadow called Goose Meadow with their appurteiics, My
Messuage or Inn called White Hart in John Seamans occupacon
and the Hopground adjoining, and Slipe meadow Pulden and
Gravell pitt field in his tenure And all that Messuage and Shopp
wherein Robert Walford dwelleth with the yards and appurteiics
thereunto belonoini^ all which are scituat^ in great Yeldham and
Toppesfield aforesaid or one of them And all that Messuage
with the severall closes of ground thereto belonging in the tenure
of John Syday And that Messuage called Fullers with the Out-
houses Fields and o-rounds thereto belono'inar both which last
mentioned are scituate in Toppesfield aforesaid and the Cottage
in the occupacon of Nathaniel Sheldrake with the a^^purteiics in
Yeldham unto my sister Thomasin Pepys for and during the
term of her naturall life and after her decease unto my said
Nephew John Pepys and his Heires forever.
Item I give my Mannors of Spaine and Butlers with all the
Royalties Houses and grounds thereto belonging with their ap-
purteiics unto my said Nephew John Pepys and his Heirs forever.
Item I give to my said sister Pepys my Lease of the Messuage
called Hoses in Toppesfield with the Outhouses and grounds
therewith demised by me unto Thomas Cracherode gent for the
wholeTerm which I have in it if she soe Ions: live and after her
death to my said Nephew John Pepys and his Assignes.
Item I give my Farm called Weldens in Steple Bumpsted w^''
Ancestry of Pj^is cilia Baker. 55
all the houses grounds and lands thereunto beloniiini; unto mv
Nephew Thomas Pepjs and his Heires forever.
I give unto my Neeces Anne Whaples and Elizabeth Pepys
to each of them one Hundred pounds To Ellen Bacon my Neece
Fifty Pounds To each of the children of Martin Carter deceased
(except the two eldest sons) Fifty pounds To my sister M'"** Judeth
Burgoyne Forty pounds To my Nephew and Godson Mark Guy on
Ten pounds To my Neece Jane Guyon Ten pounds To my Nephews
Roger and Lucy Burgoyne sons of S"" John Burgoyne Baronet
Ten pounds a peece. To the poor of great Yeldham Five pounds.
To the poor of Castle Hedingham Three pounds. To the poor
of Toppesfield Three pounds. To M John Brooke our worthy
Minister Five pounds and in case he preach my Funerall ser-
mon Five pounds more. To each of my servants Forty shillings
a peece Except ]\T Pagit to whome I give Ten pounds.
Item I give to my dear wife the use of all my houshold goods
for and durino- the term of her naturall life if she soe lono^ con-
tinue sole and unmarried with this trust in her reposed that she
will use them kindly and not abuse them. I give unto her also
her Necklace of Pearls her Diamond Jewels all her Rings and
wearing ornaments her silver dressing boxes Glass and appur-
teiics, The Chest of Drawers which was of S'' John Burgoynes
gift, The Chest of Drawers standing at the Clossett Door All the
Plate which hath been at any time given to her by any of her
Friends and relations and my Coach and Coach horses and all
the Wood in my Woodyard and the Hay and Stover in my Out-
56 Ancestry of Prise ilia Baker.
houses to be disposed of by her at her Will and pleasure And it
is my niinde and will that if any of my Copyhold Lands shall
happen to be unsurrendred at the time of my death to such uses
as shall be declared in this my Will That the same shall be
taken upp by my next Heire at Law and surrendred to such per-
son and persons at their respective charge and to such uses and
for such Estates as the Inheritance or other Estate of the Free-
hold Lands contiguous thereunto already are or shall be hereby
respectively limited by me.
Item I give Two Hundred pounds to be laid out in the pur-
chase of Lands and tenements for and towards the maintenance
of a Schoolmaster and of a School in the Schoolhouse of Yeld-
ham Magna forever the same to be paid into the Hands of
M"^ John Brooke Rector of Yeldham aforesaid and M"" Nathaniel
Plum of the same or reserved in the hands of my Executor
John Pepys untill such purchase can be had and made and to
be settled upon Trustees by them or the major part of them
to be appointed and their heires with all convenient speed in
Trust to take and dispose the yearly profits thereof to the use
Item I give my Library of Bookes (Except the Books to be
chosen out of the same by my wife proper for her reading
which when chosen I give to her and except those Five books
entituled Sinopsis Criticorum etc which I give to the Hono^'^
Society of Llncolnes Inne of which I am a Member to be kept
in the Library there for the use of that Society) unto my said
Nephew John Pepys to his own use.
Ancestry of Priscilla Baker. 57
Lastly I doe constitute and ordain my Dear Wife Jane
Symonds and my said Sister Thomazine Pepys and my said
Nephew John Pepys the executors of this my Will trusting
they will pay my Debts Legacies and Funeral Expences and to
them I give all the residue of my personall Estate But my
Will is that my Houshold goods shall be inventoried and ap-
praised and remain in my house aforesaid for the use of such
person as shall be the reverconer of the Poole after my wifes
decease and are not intended to come to them as Residuary
Legatees unless ray personall Estate shall not suffice without
them to discharge my debts and Legacies.
In witness whereof to this my Will contained in three sheets
of paper I have set my hand and seal the Twentieth day of
March in the Fourth year of the reign of our Soveraign Lord
and Lady William [and Mary] King and Queen of England
Scotland France and Ireland Annoq" Diii 1691.
Signed sealed published and declared to be the last Will of
the Testator herein before named in the presence of Jo : Pagett,
Tho : Greene, John Baldock.
Instead of the Two hundred pounds given towards a School-
masters maintenance I give to my Executors and their Heires
the Farm I lately bought of Thomas Sewell lying in Halsted
for such intent as I gave the said Money.
58 Ancestry of Priscilla Baker.
I give to my Cousen William * Synionds of Ipswich in New
England One Hundred pounds To M'' Fisk Forty shillings, and
to my cosen John Carter and his heires all my Copyhold Lands
and Tenements lying and being in Farnham in this County [to
the poor] of Castle Hedingham three pounds to the poor of
Toppesfield three pounds to M": John Brooke our worthy Min-
ister Five pounds and in case he preach my Funerall sermon
Five pounds more. To each of my servants Forty shillings
a peece except M"" Pagett to whome I give Ten pounds.
Item I give to my dear wife the use of all my houshold goods
for and during the term of her naturall life if she soe Ions; con-
tinue sole and unmarried with this Trust in her reposed that she
will use them kindly and not abuse them I give to her also her
Necklace of Pearles her Diamond Jewels all her Einos and
wearing Ornaments her silver Dressing boxes Glass and ap-
purteiics which was of S'' John Burgoynes gift The Chest of
Drawers standing at her Closet door All the Plate which hath
been at any time given to her and me by any of her Friends
and Relacbns my Coach and Coachhorses All the Wood in my
Woodyard and Cole All the hay and stover in my Outhouses
and Fifty pounds in money to be disposed of at her Will and
pleasure And it is my minde that if any of my Copyhold
Lands shall happen to be unsurrendred at the time of my death
to such uses as shall be declared in this my Will That the same
* At this time Harlakenden Symonds was the only living nephew in New
Ancestry of Pi'iscilla Baker. 59
sliall be taken upp by my next Heir at Law and suirondrcd to
the use of such person and persons at their respective charge
and to such use and uses and for such Estates as the Inheritance
or other Estate of the Freehold Lands lying contiguous there-
unto already are or shall be hereby respectively limited by me.
Item I oive the Messuaoe and all the Outhouses lands orounds
and appurtefics thereto belonging scituate in Halsted now in the
tenure and occupacon of Thomas Sewell and his Under teiiant
and lately bought of the said Sewell unto my Nephew Thomas
Pepys of Felsted and to M'' John Brooke of Yeldham magna
and their heirs in Trust that they shall with all convenient speed
settle convey and assure the same To and upon Ten or more
honest and substantial men living in the Hundred of Hinkford
in Essex and to their heires in Trust that therewith and with
the Rents and profits thereof and of the Messuage called Ford
in the tenure of AVilliam Day scituate in Yeldham aforesaid
they shall provide for the perpetuall maintenance of a School-
master in Great Yeldham for the educating and instructing of
youth for ever.
Item I give to my Kinsman jVT' AVilliam Symonds of Ipswich
in New England One Hundred pounds To M*" West my Chap-
lain Forty shillings To M'" John Carter and his Heires All my
Copyhold Lands lying in Farnham and Albury in the Counties
of Essex and Hertford.
Item I give my Library of Books (Except the books to be
chosen out of the same by my Wife proper for her reading as
6o Ancestry of Pris cilia Baker.
also her own Library of Books which I give to my said wife)
unto my Nephew John Pepys to his own use I doe also except
out of them those five books entituled Sinopsis Criticorum etc.
which I give to the Hono''''' Society of Lincolnes Inne of which
I am a Member to be kept in the Library there for the use of
Lastly I doe constitute and ordain my dear wife Jane Symonds,
My Sister Thomazine Pepys and my said Nephew John Pepys
the Executors of this my Will, trusting that they will pay my
debts Legacies and Funerall Charges And to them I give the
residue of my personall Estate But my Will is that my Hous-
hold Goods shall be inventoried and appraised and remain in
my house aforesaid for the use of such pson as shall be the Rever-
coner of the Poole after my wifes decease, and are not intended
to come to my said Executors as residuary Legatees unless my
personall Estate shall not suffice without them to discharge my
debts and Legacies.
In witness whereof to this my Will contained in tlu'ee sheets
of paper I have set my hand and scale the sixteenth day of
February in the Fifth year of the reign of our Soveraign Lord
and Lady King William and Queen Mary Annoq" Dili 1692.
Jo : Symonds.
Published and declared to be the last Will and Testament of
the Testator in the presence of
Proved at London 31 May 1693.
FAMILY OF SYMONDS IN KEW ENGLA^H).
SAMUEL^ SYMONDS, founder of the family in
America, fourth son of Richr*. d of Great Yeld-
ham, Essex, was born in that parish in 1595, and
baptized 9 June of that year. He was a Cursitor in
Chancery, and married at Great Yeldham, 2 April,
1617, Dorothy, eldest daughter of Thomas Harla-
kenden, of Earl's Colne, Essex, where she was baptized
12 December, 1596. lie owned the estate of Olivers
in Toppesfield, next parish to Great Y^eldham, and
lived there twenty years. They had twelve children
born at Toppesfield, four of whom died there young.
His wife was buried there 3 August, 1636.
In the next year he moved to Il^ew England, and
settled at Ipswich, and was made Freeman of the
Colony of Massachusetts in March, 1638, without the
62'^ Ancestry of Priscilla Baker.
title of Mr., to which he certainly had good claim.
Before this, he had married Mai'tha, daughter of
Edmund Read of Wickford in Essex, widow of Daniel
iJIpes, step-daughter of Rev. Hugh Peter, and sister
of Mie second wife of John Winthrop, Jr. Among
the Winthrop Papers, printed by the Massachusetts
Historiv^al Society (Collections, Fourth Series, Vol.
VII.), is J letter from Samuel Symonds, written prob-
ably from i^oston to his brother-in-law Winthrop at
Ipswich, contchiing most particular directions about
a house, of whicl. the latter was superintending the
building. I shall not reprint the letter here, but it is
interesting as giving perhaps the fullest contem23orary
descrij^tion known of such a house as was at this early
date built by one of the richer settlers in !N^ew Eng-
land. The letter is unfortunately not dated. In it
Symonds says, "my wife her tyme draweth very near,"
and mentions his daughter as at Ipswich, probably on
a visit, unless he means his step-daughter Elizabeth
Epes, who seems to have lived with John Winthrop,
Jr. In another letter, apparently dated 14 December,
1637, Symonds says, "I resolved to take the opor-
tunity of my father's barke, now at Boston, to send
certaine necessarie things by it, as far as Salem, that
Ancestry of Priscilla Baker. 6^^
soe by some meanes or other, they may be gotten to
Argilhx," his farm at Ipswich.
He was sent Deputy from Ipswich to the General
Court of 2 May, 1638, and the same year was ap-
pointed, with Mr. Woodbridge and Mr. Hubbard, to
join the Magistrates in keeping the County Court at
Ipswich. Tlie latter duty he also discharged the
three following years, and in IGiO was chosen to
record all mortgages, bargains, sales and grants of
houses, lands, rents, and other hereditaments within
the jurisdiction of Ipswich Court. The first volume
of these records, now at Salem, is almost wholly
written in his beautiful round hand, as are also the
town records of Ipswich for a few years between
1639 and 1615. We shall find that he was constantly
employed in this colony in duties, for which his pro-
fessional education and experience in England partic-
ularly fitted him. He was one of six gentlemen,
appointed 9 October, 1641, to keep Court at Pascata-
quack, then decided to be within the jurisdiction of
Massachusetts. In 16tl:2 he was one of a committee
of the General Couit " to consider whether in tryall
of causes to retaine or dismise juries." He was a
Deputy to most of the General Courts before 10 May,
64 Ancestry of Priscilla Baker.
1643, when he was "chosen an Assistant, &; tooke his
oathe." He was a Selectman of Ipswich in 1644 and
a few other years, and was a member of the committee
of the town " for makeinge of a Rule for settleinge of
mens pprieties in respect of the variacon from the
Grants." His duties as a Colonial Magistrate seem
to have interfered to prevent him from holding offices
of honor in the town, and his name is not often found
on the records of the latter.
In 1644 he was on a committee with Belling-
ham and Saltonstall with "full power to heare &
determine all businesses at Hampton, both about their
differences, offences, & a new plantation," and the
same year was again appointed to keep a Court at
Pascataqua, as also in 1645, when it is called Dover.
In this year he was put in Bellingham's place on the
committee for Essex County to meet on 12 JN^ovember,
" to consult together, &; to returne to this Co^'t a result
of their thoughts, that this Co^'te may i^ceede there-
upon to satisfy y*^ expectation of the country in estab-
lishing a body of lawes." He also appears as one of
seven gentlemen who petitioned the General Court
to be established a free company of adventurers, with
extensive privileges, which was granted.
Ancestry of Priscilla Baker. '65'
In 16^8 he was one of the committee " to piise the
articles of o'' confederation w"' the United Colonies,"
with instrnctions as to its dnty and powers. !N^ext
year he was appointed to keep Courts for JS^orfolk
County at Salisbury and Hampton; and also in 1651,
in Avhich year he was chosen by the inhabitants of
Ipswich as one of the Feoffees of the Grammar School
of that town, founded by Robert Payne, and held the
office till his death. 23 October, 1652, the General
Court issued a commission to him as one of six gen-
tlemen, " to setle the civil government amongst the
inhabitants of Kittery, the He of Shoales, Accomen-
ticus, and so to the most northerly extent of our
patent," charging them with various duties to be
performed, " as in your wisdomes and discretions yow
shall judge most to conduce to the glorj^ of God, the
peace and welfare of the people there, and the main-
tenance of our oune just rights and interest." The
return of the commissioners may be read at full
length in the fourth volume of the Records of
Massachusetts. In 1653 he was chairman of a com-
mittee "to joyne with such of the comissioners for
the United Colonies as they shall please to nominate,
to draw up the case respecting the Dutch and In-
66 Ancestry of Priscilla Baker.
deans," and of another to consider " whither the
comissioners of the United CoUonies have power, by
the artickles of agreement, to determine the justice
of an offencive or vindictive warre, and to ingage the
collonies therein," which was decided in the negative.
In 1654 he was chairman of an important com-
mittee of three, " to examine, compare, reconcile, and
pkice together, in good order, all former lawes, both
j^rinted and written, and make fitt titles and tables
for ready recourse to any particular conteined in
them, and to present the same unto the next Court
of Eleccon, to be considered of, that so order may be
taken for the printing of them together in one booke,
whereby they be more usefull then now they are or
cann be." This year he was also on a committee " to
drawe up severall letters, to his highnes the Lord
Protectors letter, y® letter for y® gent''^ of y'' corpora-
tion, & M'' Winslows, as also to drawe up a narrative,
in way of remonstrance, of all matters respecting that
which is charged on this Court concerning the breach
of the confoederacy, for the vindication of this Courts
actiones in such resj^ect." About the same time he
appears as buying from George Dell, master of the
ship Goodfellow, " two of the Irish youthes brought
A7iccstry of Prise ilia Baker. -67
over by order of the State of England : the name of
one of them is William Dalton the other EdAvard
"Welch — sum six &; twenty pounds in corn mer-
chantable or live cattell at or before the end of
October next." There seems to be some doubt
about the names of these unfortunate men, as they
are afterwards called William Downing and Philip
Welch. Mr. Symonds was obliged to bring an ac-
tion to enforce his authority and ownership, and his
declaration in the case may be seen in the ISTew-
England Historical and Genealogical Register for
In 1655 he was appointed to keep Courts at Dover
and York, and to take under the government of
Massachusetts " all persons not yet subjected to this
government that are inhabiting w^^in the northerly
line of our patent, so farr as it is extended," and also
to keep the Courts in I^orfolk. In 1658, in conse-
quence of disorders in the eastern parts, he was one
of the commissioners appointed " to repaire to Black
Point, Richmonds Island, & Casco, ... to take in
the inhabitants thereof into our jurisdiction." The
return of the commissioners is printed in the fourth
volume of the Records of Massachusetts. In the
68' Ancestry of Priscilla Baker.
previous year, 1657, as Justice of the County Court
of Essex, he gave judgment iu the case of George
Gicldings, plaintiff, against Edward Browne, defend-
ant. The documents relating to this case occupy
more than twenty pages in Hutchinson's Collection
of Original Papers. The clergymen in ISTew England
being usually supported by voluntary contributions,
the town of Ipswich, in 1656, voted to give £100
towards building or buying a house for Rev. Mr.
Cobbet, and the question was whether this vote was
binding on those who objected to it and refused to
pay. The selectmen of Ipswich ordered the marshal,
Edward Browne, to distrain on such as refused, and
this action of trespass upon the case was brought
by one of those, whose houses he had entered for that
purpose. The judge, Symonds, found for the plain-
tiff, and expressed at some length the grounds of his
judgment. His opinion is too long to be quoted here,
and all the documents are curious and well woi'th
reading. Appeal was taken from the decision, and
the whole matter was finally referred to the General
Court, which decided in favor of the vote of the
town as binding, thus reversing the judgment of
Ancestry of Priscilla Baker. 69
In June, 1G61, he was a member of an important
committee of prominent men, appointed "to consider
& debate such matter or thing of 2)ublicke concern-
ment touching our pattent, lawes, priviledges, & duty
to his maj^y as they in theire wisdome shall judge
most expedient, & drawe up the result of theire
app'hensons, & present the same to the next session
for consideration & approbation, that so (if the will
of God be) wee may speake & act the same thing,
becomeing prudent, honest, conscientious, & faithfull
men." He was this year ordered to keep Courts at
Hampton and Salisbury ; in 1663, was ordered to
keep the next County Court for Suffolk, and in 1664
again in IS^orfolk.
Among the Winthrop Papers, in the volume be-
fore named, is a letter from Symonds to his brother-
in-law Winthrop, written in 1662, in which is the
following interesting and touching passage : —
" I have still one brother livino-. He hath a o-ood estate : he
is a batchellour. \yhen I was in Enijland he loved me well.
I know not now, how I am in his minde ; * but brother, if you
did make a journy to see him, & (as occasion may be taken)
* This was Richard Fitz Symonds, who by will left his brother Samuel one
7© Ancestry of Priscilla Baker.
to speake of me, as you shall see good, I shall add this courtecy
to the heap of your former high deservings. The rest of my
cosens are (I take it) well provided for. I am loath to be as
one utterly forgotten by one soe related (if God see meet).
But I confesse it is a tender stringe, &j he hath need of wisdome
that can finger it well. He dwelleth at the Poole in Much
Yeldham, neare Castle Heningham in Essex, about six miles
from Erls Colne, where my kinrid of the Harlakindens live,
which if alsoe you please to vizitt, kindly commending me to
them all & every one of them, it wilbe very gratfull."
From the same letter we learn that his second wife
was hving m the early part of 1662, but was *" very
crazy"; she certainly died during that year, and in
April, or May, 1663, he married Rebecca, widow, first
of Henry Byley, secondly of John Hall, and thirdly
of Rev. William Worcester. Her parentage was long
a matter of doubt, but she is now plainly identified as
daughter of Bennett Swayne, of Salisbury, England.
She survived her fourth husband, and died 21 July,
1695, aged 78.
In 1665 he was chairman of a committee "to give
answer to Secretary Morrise his letter, & to consider
what is farther necessary to be donne in refference to
what hath past betweene the honorable coinissioners
Ancestry of Priscilla Baker. 71
& this Court as it relates to England." The same
year he and Thomas Danforth were ordered to repaii*
to York, to keep a County Court, and to appoint civil
and military officers and commissioners. In 1668 he
was appointed to keep County Courts in ]!*^orfolk, and
in 1672 in Yorkshire. 7 May, 1673, he was chosen
Deputy Governor, in succession to Leverett elected
Governor. His services certainly deserved this com-
pliment, a barren one, it must be confessed, to a man
of 78 years. In this year he was chairman of a
committee to consider of these three questions : —
" 1 Q. Whither according to patient there be a neg-
ative vote in any part of the Generall Court ; if there
be, then in what cases. Secondly. How farr our pos-
sitive lawes doe in this mattei* agree w^^' or disagree
from the patent. 3 Q. Where the use of the negative
voat causeth an obstruction in any matter of necessity
to be concluded or of great moment to the publick,
what may be the best expedient for an issue, whither
by lot or otherwise." In 1675 he was on the com-
mittee * to settle the trouble in Salem Church between
* I have a copy of the return to the General Court, in an unknown hand, but
indorsed, " Tliis is a true copy according: to the original! left with me by y« com-
mittee under their own hands. Attested by John Higgixson, senior."
72 Ancestry of Priscilla Baker.
Kev. Messrs, Higginson and Nicholet ; and the same
year, on account of the Indian war, obtained a guard
of two men for his house, which was "so remoate
from neighbours, & he so much necessitated to be on
the countrys service."
In the records of the General Court for October,
1678, w^e read, " The Court judgeth it matter of
incumbancy to take care for an honnoHjle & decent
interment of y® late Deputy Gov'no'', & doe hereby
order, that the country Treasurer forthwith deliver
the sum of twenty jDOunds, in money or such other
pay as may be necessary for such an end, to ]\P Daniel
Epps, Senio"^, to be as an addition to wdiat shallbe ex-
pended by his relations on that account." The exact
day of his death is not known. It is on record among
the papers at the State House, Boston, that he died
on 13 October; John Hull's Diary says, "Oct. 12.
Samuel Symonds, Esq., the Deputy-Governor, died
in Boston, the General Court sitting," Avhile the fol-
lowing entry is found in an interleaved ahuanac of
Samuel Sewall, " 1678. 8, 11, Samuel Symonds Esq.
Dep. Gov. buried."
The Rev. Dr. Felt thus writes of him in the " His-
tory OF Ipswich, Essex, and Hamilton " : —
Ancestry of Priscilla Baker. 73
" ^Yho, that reviews the clifFerent and multiplied duties of
Mr. Symonds, and the devoted and patriotic spirit, with which
he discharged them, can truly deny that he merited the full,
repeated, important, and long confidence placed in him by the
public authorities? Nor was he less honored in the private
walks of life. Whatever he undertook, whether business of
town, county, colony, or country, he did not leave it, till he
had expended upon it all the time, attention, and exertion
which he ought. His politics, principles, and practices, were
not swayed by corrupt ambition, but were deeply seasoned by
the salt of piety, which induced him to seek first for the appro-
bation of God, and then, as a consequence, to act for the best
good of those, whose interests were committed to his care.
The circle of his benevolence, his motives, and conduct, was
not merely confined to the civilized, but also extended to the
heathen, to whom he was an instrument of sending the Gospel
more fully than it had been. His was a mind which looked at
earthly concerns in the light of Revelation. His was a soul
aflPected and moved more by eternal realities than by things
temporal. His was a life which took hold on judgment, and
secured the blessedness of justification through the Redeemer."
I will only add that he seems to me to have pos-
sessed that combination of true religious feeling with
great firmness, not to say obstinacy, which was so
much needed in the founding and early days of this
74 Ancestry of Priscilla Baker.
colony, and which was so perfectly in place, and fully
in agreement, with the men, among whom he found
himself in Massachusetts.
I quote from his letters various passages illustrating
his character. 1637, to John AYinthrop, Jr., at Ips-
wich : —
" I heare that your Church hath setlecl the choyce of your
ministers in their offices, & that now things are likely to goe on
very well & conifortablely, which ministers matter of great joy
to all that love Jesus Christ. And truely the peace of any
Church (because pretious) is soe difficult to preserve, in respect
of the subtilty & niallice of the common enymy, that it requires
answerable cautelousnes on all hands, every one waighing well
that one sentence of the Apostle, Let every one esteeme an other
better then him selfe, & studdy the vally-way to rise to true
1647, to Governor John Winthi-oi? : —
"Troubles and difficulties we must looke for (if we will reere
a building to the Lord) but the encouragement exceeds when
we consider the worke is his. . . . The scope of what I would
expresse is, to observe Gods providences in mans motions at
this tyme seeme plainly to tend to settle his people here, and to
recover new English spirit for Christs kingdome againe. . . .
Is not government in church and common weale (according to
Ancestry of Priscilla Baker. 75
Gods owne rules) that new heaven and earth promised, in the
fullnes accomplished when the Jewes come in, and the first
fruites begun in this part New England, though neglected by
many and opposed by some? Now to name what seemes to be
Gods ende in bringing his people hether, whatever more there
may be which tyme may yet discover. 1. To be an occasion
to stirre up the zeale of the two nations to sett upon reformation
of religion, and that with good successe. 2. To have liberty
and power to sett up Gods owne ordinances in church govern-
ment, and thereby to hold forth matter of conviction to the
episcopacy and others that this way of church government and
civill government may stand together. 3. To exercise the
graces of the richer sort in a more mixt condition, they shall
have the liberty of good government in their hands, yet with
the abatement of their outward estates. And that the poorer
sort (held under in England) should have inlargement. 4. To
afford a hiding place for some of his people that stood for the
truth while the nation was exercised unto blood. 5. To have an
opportunity to trayne up a godly skillfull soldiery, which shortly
may be imployed against that blasphemous citty. And to these
may be added (at least a sprinkling) of godly seamen, formerly
rare in the world. 6. To make this place a rendezvous for our
deare English friends when they shall make their voyages to
the West Indies, to dry up that Euphrates. 7. To be hopefull
instruments in Gods hand to gaine these Indians to Christs king-
dome. Which mercy if attained in any considerable measure
Ancestry of Pris cilia Baker.
will make us o-oe sinsrino; to our o^raves. . . . Sir, its conceived
this place will prove either very honourable or very meene and
contemptable, according as religion is attended or neglected."
1654, to John Winthrop, Jr., on the death of a
child of the latter : —
" If I were present with you & my sister, in these two things
I should endeavour ; first, to help support your spirits under
such a stroke, then to cast which way may be best for spirituall
improvement. For the first, it tends to support to consider
who it is that hath done it : he that is bound to or-ive noe ac-
count of his matters : & not too much to pore upon this, or
that, which might have prevented, as its likly you are apt to
conceive ; and secondly, that you therewith labour to apply that
generall soule comforting promise, viz : All things shall worke
together for the good of them that love God. And for spirituall
improvement, such providences may well minde us of the uncer-
tainty of all earthly enjoyments, therefore to put us on the
move to obtayne assurance of such as are both full & lasting.
When, through spetiall grace, the heart, seeing the emptines of
the creature, rests in the fullnes that is in Jesus Christ, it is in
spirituall health. Health you know is sweet, though the pill
that procureth it be bitter. I might add, you have many child-
ren still ; count you have none, give them all to the Lord ; &
then shall you be sure to have thein againe with advantage."
Ancestry of Pr is cilia Baker. 77
1662, to John AYiiithrop, Jr., at London : —
" I heare what a dangerous passage you had ; it may put us
in minde of the extreame difficulties & hassards doe attende our
pilgrimage to that heavenly country. We had need labor with
all our might, to get a sure & safe arrivall at that haven."
Samuel Symonds left a good property, consisting
principally of real estate, of Avhich he had bought,
and received by grant, from the town of Ipswich and
the General Court, a very large amount. The fol-
lowing is on record at Salem in the first volume of
Ipswich Deeds, w^ritten in his own clear hand : —
Granted by the freemen of the Towne of Ipswach to Samuel
Symonds of Ipswich in New England Gent a farme of five
hundred acres of ground vpland & meadowe pporconable Anno
Dili 1637 : which farme w^as laid out accordingly : It Is since
called Ollivers ; * The said farme (at the day of the Date of
this & other Coppies following) is thus bounded viz : that end
thereof towards the North-east abutteth vpon the now coinon
ground of the Towne of Ipswich beyonde part of the west
meadowes : that part thereof towards the south-east abutteth
vpon certayne ground of m'' William Payne that end thereof
* It was so named after his estate at Topposfield, England ; and the town of
Topsfield, Mass., probably received its name at his suggestion, or in compliment
78 Ancestry of Prise ilia Baker.
towards south west abutteth vpon a little Brooke called Pye
Brooke that side thereof towards the North Avest abutteth partly
vpon the ground of Thomas Dornian parly vpon coinon ground
& ptly vpon the farme now or late of m'" John Winthrope the
yonger To have & to hold the said five hundred acres of
ground with the app^tnncs to him the said Samuel Symonds his
heires & assignes for ever./
Item granted as aforesaid vnto the said Samuel Symonds &
at the time aforesaid a planting Lott of six acres of ground,
which planting Lott was laid out, and abutteth vpon the south-
west end of m^' Kichard Saltonstalls meadowe lying neare a
Creeke called Labour in vayne Creek according to marked trees
betweene nV Saltonstalls said meadow & the said six acre Lott,
the North-end of the said planting lott abutteth vpon the ground
of m'^' Nathaniel Rogers Pastor of the Church of Ipswich from a
marked tree neare the corn*" of m'" Saltonstalls said meadowe all
a longe the middle of the said Swampe to the marked tree which
is the corner tree vpon Argilla farme-line runninge thence to a
little meadowe of the said m'^' Rogers the rest of the said Lott
abutteth partly vpon a pcell of ground granted to m'' John win-
throp the yonger in consideracon of a high-way taken out of his
then farme now the farme & ground of the said Samuel Symonds
called Argilla & partly vpon other grounds of the said farme./
Item Granted as aforesaid to the said Samuel Symonds all
that pcell of ground both marsh & vpland lying at the hether-
most side of Saggamore hill not exceeding forty acres (which
Ancestry of Pris cilia Baker, 79
provetli in quantity much vnder forty acres) and the said ground
abutteth as followeth viz : that side thereof towards the west
abutteth vpon the land nowe of Thomas Bishop, part vpon the
land of Thomas Avells part vpon the land of jNIathias Button &
part vpon the marsh ground of the widdow Lumpkyn and the
rest vpon the marshes belonging to Castle-hill & the marshes
belono-ino^ to the other hills called the Hands now the lands of
the said Samuel Symonds./
Item the said Samuel Symonds is possessed of a farme called
Argilla contayning by estimacon three hundred & Twenty acres
(Avith the addicons aforesaid) be it more or lesse, as it is now
geiially fenced round ; and it lyeth vpon & beyonde the Creek
called Labour in vayne Creeke towards the south in a place
foriSly called Chebaccoe ; which farme was granted by the
freemen of the Towne of Ipswich (divers yeares since) to John
winthrop the yonger, Esqr. To have & to hold the ]5misses with
the ap^ptniics to him the said John winthrop his heires &
assignes for ever : which said farme the said John winthrop
sould to the said Samuel Symonds by his deede bearing date
the eight day of 12"' month Anno Dni 1G37./
Item the said Samuel Symonds is possessed of a pcell of
ground contayning by estimacon one acre & a halfe be it more
or lesse abutting on the east side thereof vpon the lower end of
m'" William Hubbards Close before his Towne-howse & the rest
of the said pcell of ground is surrounded Avith high-wayes w^hich
said pcell of ground was part of m'' John winthrops six acre
8o Ancestry of Priscilla Baker.
Lott there which the freemen of the Towne of Ipswich granted
to him ; and which said pcell of ground the said John winthrop
hath granted to the said Samuel Symonds by his Deed bearing-
Date 24 of October Anno Dili 1638./
Item the said Samuel Symonds is possessed of a Towne-howse
& howse-IiOtt contayning by estimacon three acres be it more or
lesse which howse-lott on the North side thereof abutteth vpon
the meeting-howse greene vpon the North east end thereof it
abutteth vpon the howse lott of william white vpon the south
east side thereof it abutteth vpon Ipswich River & william
ffullers Lott and vpon the south west end thereof it abutteth
vpon the highway leading to the meeting-howse which howse
lott first mentioned the Towne of Ipswich viz : the freemen
thereof granted to Henry Sewall the elder gent to have & to
hold the same with the app^'tniics to him the said Henry Sewall
his heires & assio-nes for ever, which said howse-Lott the said
Henry Sewall sould with the app^'tniics to the said Samuel
Symonds by his Deed bearing Date the sixt day of the first
month Anno Dili 1637.*
The Date of giving out these coppies is the xvith day of
December Anno Dili 1645./
by vs selected herevnto according to order of Court./
Richard Saltonstall Thomas Rowlingson. Constable./
Daniel Denison John Gage Lott-layer./
* I feel sure that this is a mistake for 1638.
Ancestry of Priscilla Baker. 8i
10 December, 164:2, the town of Ipswich passed
this vote : —
" Granted to m'^ Samuel Symonds that his faniie consisting
of 500 acres of ground which lyeth towards the west side of the
ToVvne (& is Comonly called Ollivers) shall or may (for the
prop use of the farme) be constantly supplied with Timber &
fire wood, off the Comons. To injoye to him his heires & As-
On 1 January, 1615, he bought of his brother-in-
law Winthrop the estate called Castle-Hill, which the
town of Ipswich had granted to Winthrop in 1636.
Symonds had to prove his title at a trial in 1617, and
the trouble he had is told in a letter to Winthrop,
printed by the Massachusetts Historical Society in the
volume before quoted. The General Court of Massa-
chusetts made him many large grants of land, as fol-
lows: 1648, five hundred acres of land in the Pequot
country. 1651, three hundred acres " beyond the River
of Merremacke, . . . with free liberty for timber, pro-
vided he sett up a sawe mille there w*4n the space of
seven yeeres." 1653, five hundred acres, in reference
to his " service donne for the countrie at Yorlie, Kit-
tery, &c." 1657, he was allowed to take three hun-
dred acres on this side of the Connecticut River in
82 s Ancestry of Priscilla Baker.
exchange for .part of his former grants. 1658, in right
of these grants he took possession of six himclrecl and
forty acres on Lamper Eele Kiver, between Dover
and Exeter. 1G59, he is desired to take land in some
other place instead of on the Connecticnt, as before
granted, but the same year he was granted one hun-
dred and sixty acres on that river above J^orthamp-
ton. 1659, he was also granted any island in Casco
Bay not exceeding five hundred acres, as a recom-
pense for services done. 1660, in consideration of
the resignation of his three hundred acres on the
Connecticut, he was granted one hundred in another
part, additional, probably, to the one hundred and
sixty. 1661, he was allowed to change the grants
of an island of five hundred acres and of one hundred
and sixty acres at JSTorthwottocke for eight hundred
to be laid out in one or two places.^ 1662, five hun-
dred acres were laid out for him " in the wildernes on
the north of Merrimacke River, ... at the mouth of
Concord Ryver, upon a brooke called by the Indians
Pophessgosquockegg." 1664, in obedience to former
* This land had not been laid out in 1716, when Cyprian and Dorothy Whipple
and Elizabeth Allyn petitioned the General Court for a Committee to lay it out,
which the Court in 1717 gave them leave to do.
Alices try of Priscilla Baker. 83
grants, three hundred acres were laid ont for him at
Assibath Plaine, between Concord and Lancaster.
166G, he was granted two hundred and fifty acres,
which were laid out near the former grant on Lam-
Samuel Symonds left a will with three codicils,
here printed, which caused loug litigation. His son
William, whom he appointed executor, died intestate
22 May, 1679, when the General Court appointed
Daniel Epps, Harlakenden Symonds, and Richard
Martin, administrators ; a final settlement of the es-
tate Avas not made till 1694. The case came often
before the General Court, as may be read in the fifth
volume of the Records of Massachusetts. The in-
ventory is recorded as £2103 65. lOfZ. Many pe-
titions and other papers relating to the case may be
seen among the records at the State House, Boston,
and at Salem \ I have not thought worth while to
take particular notice of them here.
Samuel Symonds had certainly these sixteen chil-
dren : —
I. Richard,'^ born at Toppesfiekl, Essex, in 1618, was a
student in Grey's Irin, and left in England by his
father ; I presume he died a few years later, as he is
not mentioned in letters.
84 • Ancestry of Pr is cilia Baker.
II. Dorothy,^ born at Toppesfield in 1619, married, prob-
ably about 1648, Rev. Thomas Harrison, who had
been in Virginia as Chaplain to the Governor, was
afterwards a short time in Massachusetts, but re-
turned to England, and, in 1653, was of St. Dun-
stan's in the East, London; he was afterwards of
Dublin, of Chester, and again of Dublin, where he
died. I think his wife was dead in 1657 ; certainly
she died before her father.
III. Jane,^ born at Toppesfield in 1621, living in 1634, but
probably died a few years later.
IV. Anne,^ born at Toppesfield in 1622, died there in
V. Samuel,^ born at Toppesfield in 1623, died there the
VI. Elizabeth,'' born at Toppesfield in 1624, married at Ips-
wich 20 jNIay, 1644, her step-brother Daniel Eppes,
to whom she bore several children, and died 7 May,
1685 ; her husband died 8 January, 1693.
VII. Samuel,^ born at Toppesfield in 1625, died unmarried
at Ipswich in 1653 ; in his will he mentioned his
brothers Harlakenden, John, William, and Samuel,
and his sisters Martha, Ruth, Priscilla, and Mary
VII L Harlakenden,^ born at Toppesfield in 1627, lived at
Gloucester, Mass., and became Freeman of the Col-
Ancestry of Priscilla Baker. 85
ony 3 May, 1665 ; married Elizabeth Day, grand-
daughter, by her first husband, William Story, of
Sarah, wife of Rev. John Cotton ; he visited Eng-
land in 1672, but returned the next year, and is
thus mentioned in a letter from Samuell Epps to
Fitz-John Winthrop, written at Boston 5 December,
1673. (Collections of Mass. Hist. Soc, 3d Series,
Vol. X.) "Uncle Lack is come over in his own
person as little varying from himself as most that
have travelled the world as he hath done, hath as
high an apprehension of his own prowesse valour
activity, ingenuity understanding, wit and memory
as any in old or New England can have of him ; he
saith he went out with nothing, spent 100^''^ there,
and is 100"'' better then when he left New England ;
his relations have sent him over to lay in for an heir
(to bear the name of John) to possesse the inheri-
tance." He was living at Ipswich in 1695, and died
in 1697. He left an only daughter and heir Sarah, ^'^
born at Gloucester 2 July, 1668, who married about
1692 Thomas Low of that place. His widow died
there 31 January, 1728 or 29, aged 90.
IX. John,^ born at Toppesfield in 1628, seems to have been
but little in this country, and was in England in
1653 ; he probably died within a few years from that
86 Ancestry of Priscilla Baker.
X. Robert,® born at Toppesfield in 1629, died there in
XL William,® born at Toppesfield in 1632, lived some time
at Wells, now in Maine, from which he was Deputy
to the General Court of 3 May, 1676, and in 1677
and 1678 was one of the persons chosen to be asso-
ciates with the Magistrates in keeping the County
Courts for Yorkshire. Before and after this he lived
at Ipswich, where he married Mary, daughter of
Jonathan Wade of that town ; he died there 22 May,
1679, leaving four daughters and coheirs.
I. Susanna,^" born at Ipswich 3 January, 1669,
married there 18 December, 1690, Joseph
Jacob, who died in 1697.
II. Dorothy ,10 born at Ipswich 21 October, 1670,
married there 19 December, 1695, Cyprian
Whipple, who moved to Stonington, Con-
necticut, about 1708.
III. Maryji*^ born at Ipswich 6 January, 1674,
married there 10 December, 1697, Joseph
Whipple, who died 11 May, 1699 ; she
died 20 June, 1703.
IV. Elizabeth,io born at Ipswich 20 July, 1678,
His widow died probably in 1693 or 94.
XIT. Roger,® born at Toppesfield in 1633, died there in 1634.
Ancestry of Priscilla Baker. 87
By his second wife : —
XIII. Martha,^ born probably at Ipswich, married John Deni-
son, who died 9 January, 1671, leaving children ;
she married secondly Kichard Martyn of Portsmouth,
New Hampshh-e, and died in February, 1684, having
also had children by her second husband, who died
2 April, 1694.
XIV. Ruth,^ born probably at Ipswich, mai'ried in 1659 Rev.
John Emerson of Gloucester, who died 2 December,
1700; she died 23 February, 1702, leaving several
XV. Samuel,^ born probably at Ipswich, graduated at Har-
vard College in 1663, and died unmarried in 1669 ;
in his will written 18 December, 1668, being then
about to make a voyage for England, he mentioned
his sisters Elizabeth Epps, Martha Denison, Ruth
Emerson, Mary Duncan, and Priscilla Symonds.
XVI. Priscilla,^ borii at Ipswich in 1648, being undoubtedly
the child mentioned by Governor Winthrop in a letter
to his son of 30 September in that year : " Your sister
Symonds is delivered of a daughter ; " married at
Topsfield 26 March, 1672, Thomas Baker of that
place, who died 'there 18 March, 1718; she died at
Ipswich 2 January, 1734. (See p. 13.)
88 Ancestry of Pris cilia Baker.
It is seen that Samuel Symonds had no grandsons
of the family name, which of course soon became
extinct in this country. It was, however, given in
baptism in the families of Eppes, Low, and Baker,
perhaps in others ; but I cannot say how long it con-
tinued in use. The descendants of Harlakenden and
William are, of course, entitled to quarter the arms
of Symonds : that is, provided they have arms of
their own, with which to quarter them.
WILL OF SAMUEL SYMO^DS.
X SAMUEL SYMONDS of Ipswich in New England gent,
-*- being clesireous by setting these things in order now in
tyme of my health that I may be the more free (if god please)
when death approcheth to leave this world, & to attende the
matters of my soule, & the blessed hopes for life to come, doe
make, & ordayne this my last will, & testament, in manner &
forme following, viz : first I coiiiend my soule into the handes
of Jesus Christ my euer blessed Saviour, in hope of a joyful!
resurreccon, & meeting of my body at the last day w^^h I leave
to be decently Buried (without any vayne pompe) and my
funlall expences & debts to be paid, & discharged. Item
my will is that all the estate of my deare wife Rebeckah
Symonds, be returned to her in kinde, to her owne p|) use
to have & to hold the same to her, her heires & assignes for
ever : viz : the lande at Salisbury, being six acres of meadow,
now in the tenure of Henry Browne Sen) and the seaventy
acres of vpland at Salisbury new-towne, now called Amesbury.
90 Ancestry of Priscilla Baker.
Alsoe sixty two pounds twelve shillings of New England mony,
which I received of M"" Clarke Ironmonger of Boston, whereof
there is now in M'" Russells hande, as Treasurer of this country
fifty pounds, and twelve pounds twelve shillings in my owne
handes. Also the cattell, for numtj, & kinde, with all other
particulars of estate & howshould stuff, & goods, as they are
exprest in a note of particulars bearing date the last day of
Novemfe Anno Doiii! 1669 vnder mv hande & scale ; alsoe what
is impaired, or lost of the very things in the said note of par-
ticulars, are to be made good, according to her owne word &
Judgment. Item I give to my wife a good breeding mare, or
one of my riding horses which she shall chuse. Item I give to
my wife two milch yonge cowes. Beside the three expressed
in the saide note of particulars. Alsoe I give, or leave to my
wife (insteade of Dower) twelve pounds p ann! to be paid to
her, or her assignes, out of ray farme called Argilla, during her
naturall life, in two severall payments viz : six pounds on the
25*^^ day of ]\Iarch, & the other six pounds on the last day of
Septemtj yearly : this payment to be made in wheate 40% mault
foure pounds at the price current amongsts the merchants of
Ipswich, and the other six pounds to be paid in porke, & Indian
corne, accordingly and to be paid where she appoynt in Ips-
wich. Alsoe my will & meaning is that my wife shall have the
sole vse of part of my dwelling howse at Argilla viz : The east
end of it with free liberty of ingresse, egresse, & regresse into
the said part of my howse, as alsoe the vse in conion of the
Alices try of Priscilla Baker. 91
kitchin or hall, Seller, dayry, back howse, brewhowse or other
places to the said howse belonging during her . naturall life.
Alsoe my will is that wife shall keepe or have liberty soe to
doe, vpon my farme during her naturall life six neate cattell,
10 sheep, & one horse, to be pvided for, all of the cattell both
sumer & winter at the care, &j charge of my executor : alsoe
my wife shall comand attendance of the servants of my executor
for her selfe & creatures, & she may as she please require horse
meate, & attendants for her frends, that come to vizitt her ;
from tyme to tyme, at the charge of my executor. Alsoe my
minde is that all the wood she please to spende shall be brought
out of my farme to her dore, ready cutt out for her fire at the
charge of my executor from yeare to yeare, Alsoe she shall
have liberty to make vse of my Towne howse in coinon with
my children, as foriSly. Alsoe my wife shall have liberty to
keep what foules she please at my farme of Argilla. Also my
wife shall have liberty to take what apples, peares & plumes for
her vse, & to take what ground she please, for her gardan.
All which liberties & priviledges she shall have during her
naturall life, with free liberty of water at the well, & elswhere
vpon my farme. Provided allwayse, & it is intended, that vpon
my wife her acceptance of these things before mencoed, she
shall relinquish the agreement made betweene me & her before
marriage, & stande onely to this my last will & testament ;
moreover my will is that whatsoever rent, debts, & estate is
due to me at the tyme of my death, by reason of marriag w4i
92 Ancestry of Priscilla Baker.
my wife Eebeckah, being due by her right in England shalbe
hers, & at her owne disposing. Provided ahvayse that if my
Avife shall chuse rather to leave Argilla, «& live elsvvhere signify-
ino" her desire soe to Doe vnder her hande in writino^, during;
her absence from Argilla, then she shall have her 12" allowed
in stead of Dower made twenty pounds p anh), to be paid in
manh) & quality as in her foresaide Dower : For which eight
pounds being added to her Dower she shall abate all these
pticulars following viz : The keeping of six neat cattell, teil
sheep, horse, attendance of the servants, requiering of horse '
meat for frends, bringing of wood to the dore, vseing of ground
for gardening and the vse of the bowses, except one roome
which she shall chuse for her owne vse during her naturall life,
with free ingresse, egresse, & regresse. Provided alwayse that
when she thinkes meete to returne, & live at Argilla againe,
she shall have liberty soe to doe, expressing her minde in
wu'itinw Things shalbe as aforesaide for her more comfortable
being there, and the eight pounds added to her dower aforesaid
is to be abated againe. Moreover I binde my farme called Argilla
for the due payments of what is in this my will exprest.
Item. I give to my sonne Harlakinden Symonds all my part
of my farme at Lampele River, with the sawing mill there vpon
erected with all the vtenses, & app'tunacs there vnto belonging,
with all my part of the bowses therevnto apptayning. And
alsoe one half of my part of the meadow, &, vpland lately laid
out to me, which the hon'^ gen'all Court latly granted to me,
Ancestry of Prlscilla Baker. 93
lying beyond the Bounds of Dover ; & mostly out of the Bounds
of Exiter. And alsoe all my liberty in the landes of Dover,
which I lately purchassed of Robert Wadley w**^ all its singular
priviledges & app^tunacs. To have & to hold the p'misses to
him the said Harlakinden during his naturall life, and to the
heires of his body lawfully begotten male or female, and for
want of such heires, to remayne to the said Harlakinden & his
Item I give to my sonne Harlakinden my great silver salt
seller, and my best suit of apparrell both linen, & wollen.
Item I give to my grandaughter Sarah Symonds all that pcell
of laude lying in Coxall, which remayneth of that I had of her
father it being three hundred acres be it more, or lesse.
Item I give to my sonne, & daughter Epps, one hundred
pounds p[ro]mised before marriage to be paid within one yeare,
or two, after ray decease, and if she still desire to have the
sute of damask, which was the lady Cheynies her grandmother,
let her have it upon apprizment. Item wheras I pmised to give
my daughter Martha one hundred pounds, as a porcion vpon
marriage with her husbande m"" John Denison, it being desired
by the major & herself soe to doe, according to the bonde I en-
tered into I doe by this my last will confirme the same. Item
I give to my sonne &, daughter Emerson four score pounds
haveing given them 20'' at the least soone after her marriage to
be paid within one yeare or two after my decease. Item I give
to my daughter Baker, having paid my sonne Baker Thirty
94 Ancestry of Priscilla Baker.
pounds already Three skore «& ten pounds to be paid within
one, or two yeare after my decease. Item I give to my daugh-
ter Dunkin * twenty shillings.
Item I give to my daughter Hale | twenty shillings. Item I
give to my sonne Chewte \ Twenty shillings. Item I give to
the Keverend Mr Cobbett our Pastor forty shillings. Item I
give to my wives grandaughter one Cow viz ; Kebeckah Stacy,
because of her diligent attendance on me. Item I give to my
deare wife my fether bed & boulster which we vsually lye vpon".
My mind, & meaning is that the legacies here given to my
children shalbe paid not in mony nor according to mony, but
in such pay, as they vsually passe, from man, to man, which
is called the Currant price. And I doe make, & ordayne my
Sonne William Symonds to be my executor of this my last
will, & testament. And considering there are many payments
to be made, & discharged by my executor, I doe give, & be-
queath to him my said sonne William Symonds all my bowses
& lands in Ipswich with all my comonages, & priviledges there-
Item I give to my sonne William Symonds, (having ingaged
to him before the writing of this my will soe much) half of my
* Peter Duncan married Mary Eppes, daughter of his second wife by a former
t Eev. John Hale married Rebecca Byley, daughter of his third wife by her
\ James Chute probably married Elizabeth Eppes, sister of Mary Duncan.
A ncestry of Prise ilia Baker. 95
meadowe, & vplnnd ground, which lieth beyond my farme at
lamperle River, beyond the Bounds of Dover, & mostly out of
the bounds of Exiter, together with all the priviledges, &
app'tunacs therevnto belonging. Also my will & desire is that
my loving frends, Captaine John Appleton, & Levetenant
Samuel Appleton, & my sonne John Hale, to be overseers of
this my last will & Testament. My request is that the advice,
& counsell of my said overseers, be indeavoured to be taken
about my executors arduous concernments, that soe love & Con-
corde may continew, & be increased amongst those I leave
In wittnesse that this is my last will & Testament, I have
herevnto sett my hande & scale, the sixteenth day of Februaiy
Anno Doin! 1673./
Subscribed, sealed, delivered,
& published, in the p'sence of vs./
The "igx marke of
g6 . Ancestry of Pris cilia Baker.
A codicil testamentary to the last will & testament of Samuel Symonds gent
which will beareth date the sixteeth of February Anno Dom 1673.
Whereas in that my will I bequeathed to my sonne Harla-
kinden Symonds all my part of my farme at Lamperele River
with the Sawinge Mill therevpon erected with all the vtenses &
app^'timacs therevnto belonging, with all my part of the howses
therevnto belonging, and alsoe one half of all my part of the
meadow & vpland lately laid out to me which the hon*^ Gen''all
Court lastly granted to me, lyinge beyonnd the Bounds of
Dover & mostly beyonnd the Bounds of Exiter ; and alsoe
all my liberty in the lands of Dover, which I lately purchassed
of Robert Wadley with all its singular priviledges & appur-
tinances. To have & to hold the p'^misses to him the said
Harlakinden during his naturall life, and to the heires of his
body lawfully begotten, male or female and for want of such
heires to remayne to the saide Harlakinden & his heires for
ever : Now therefore I doe hereby disanull & revoke all this my
gift to my sonne Harlakinden as for terme of his naturall life
and doe give him all the p'^misses to have & to hold the same
together with all & singular its apptunacs to him the said Harla-
kinden Symonds & his heires & assignes for ever. Alsoe where-
as I bequeathed in my will to my sonne Harlakin Symonds my
fourth part of the sawing mill at Lampeele River with all its
priviledges & apptunacs the pvidence of god hath soe ordered
it that the mill itself hath bene fired & wholly ruined by the
Ancestry of Priscilla Baker. 97
enymy and soe made vnprofittable for the p'sent ; and consider-
ing that my sonne William Symonds who is my executor is in
my debt for rent for my said mill more then the building &
finishing the fourth part of the said mill will cost, my wall is
that when the rest of the owners doe rebuild & finish the saide
mill that then this my fourth part soe bequeathed be alsoe
carried on to the finishing of the same at the onely cost &
charges of my sonne William Symonds for the onely vse of my
Sonne Harlakinden Symonds. Alsoe considering what lands I
formerly have given to my sonne, Harlakinden, and that I highly
esteeme this at Lampeele River. My advice & desire now is
that he doth not sell, or putt it away, or any part of it vnlesse
extreame necessity compell and that he doth what he doth in
reference to the mill &c with very good advice And though I
have gained very little by it, yet if he can waite, & pcure honest
dealing workmen, he will finde sufficient recompence for his
waiting, for there is store of timber, with that which is added
to it from Dover, & the meadow &c the Court gave me vp into
the country. In wittnesse whereof I have herevnto sett my
hande & scale the thirteenth day of January 1676.
Subscribed, Sealed, delivered,
& published in the p'"sence of vs./
William Goodhue Sen
the mark of
William W. Smyth Jufi)
98 Ancestry of Priscilla Baker,
A codicile testamentary which is added to the codicile bearing
date the 13"^ day of february 1676, which refereth to my last
will & Testament dated 16"^ of February 1673.
I Samuel Symonds being in good health of body cS; of good
vnderstanding (blessed be god) thought good to add by this
codicile annexed to the former bearing date as above. I say
some consideracons moving me therevnto I give to my sonne
Harlakinden five pounds (in coinon pay) p anfi) during his
naturall life, to be paide by my executor : Provided that if in
the life tyme of my sonne Harlakinden my loving brother
M'' Richard Fitts Symonds decease in the interim, and be
Bountifull to my sonne Harlakinden (which I beleive he will)
and bequeath to liim more then the value of five pounds 43 anh) ;
Then my will & minde is, that this five pounds shall cease : and
that my executor thenceforth be wholly free from the payment
thereof. In wittnesse whereof I have herevnto sett my hande
& Seale dated November the eigth day 1677.
Subscribed sealed & delivered, &
published in the p'sence of vs
Ancestry of Priscilla Bake?. 99
This third coclicill testamentary I Samuell Symonds doe now
add to the former, which refereth to my will dated 16"' day of
February 167o. The occasion & reason of my soe doeing is
because I mistooke in my date of my last codicill viz : I dated
it 13"^ day of February 1676, which should have bene January
1676. Alsoe whereas I have mentioned in my will 100'' to my
daughter jMartha Its onely named I doe not thereby give it, for
I have given my bond for it, soe that mention is voide. The
reason why I make these codicills is to spare writinge being
Dated January 8"> 1677.
Sealed, subscribed &, deliud
in the p''sence of vs
The iiilk of + Edward Brag
Proved at Ipswich 6 November 1678.
AGREEMENT OF SYMONDS FAMILY.
Articles of Agreement Indented made and agreed upon this
Aprill 10 : Anno Domj : 1694. Between Harlackinden Symonds
of Ipswich in New England ; John Emerson & his Avife Ruth
Emerson of Glocester in New England : Thomas Baker & his
wife Priscilla Baker of Topsfield in New England, Daniel Epes
loo Ancestry of Priscilla Baker,
of Salem & Simond Epes of Ipswich in New England on the
one part : and Joseph Jacob and his wife Susannah Jacob
Dorothy Symonds Colonel Wade as Guardian to Mary &
Elizabeth Symonds, all of Ipswich in New England, aforesaid,
on the other part w^itnesseth That all we whose names are
aboue mentioned do firmly Couenant promise to stand to the
Imp''^ That Rebekah Symonds of Ipswich in New England
Relict widow of Sam Symonds deceased Shall have all things
performed & made good to her according to ye will of said
Samuel Symonds by the above Said parties (viz.) half by the
one party <fe half by the other party above named. That all
the Land Sould in Argilla (viz) Thirty and five acres of upland
to Brands; & Eio-ht acres of meadow Sould to Brao^w and Ei^ht
Acres of vpland Sould to John Emerson and four acres of
vpland Sould to Thomas Baker : Towards paying Legacies by
Richard INIartin Daniel Epes & Harlackinden Symonds as ad-
ministrators Shall Stand good & be accounted vallid and also
a parcell of marsh of about fourteen or fiueteen ace" Bounded
by marsh of Simonds Epes the Rings & Avells : be the same
more or less which was ordered & Sett out by the admin-
istrators aboue Said for payment of Legacies Shall Stand good
& be accounted vallid & also all the Stock w*^'^ was upon the
farme Together with all vtensills as Clock Copper cfec : which
ware ordered by the said Administrators for the payment of
Legacies Shall Stand good and be accounted vallid : We also
Ancestiy of Priscilla Baker. loi
Covenant & afjree : that what Estate WilHam Shnonds de-
ceased hath disposed of to his own vse formerly which once
belonged to the Estate of Sam" Simonds Esq' Deceased shall
stand orood & he accounted vallid and likewise that which was
his Interest in Lamper Eele River. Wee the aboue sd parties
do also Couenant & agree that the whole remaining part of the
farme Called Argilla both upland & meadow with houses fences
orchards & all previledges & appurtinances Shall be Equally
divided into Two Equal Shares between the above sd parties
(viz) the moiety or one half to be to the proper vse and beuifit
of the one party (viz) Harlackinden Simonds John Emerson
& Euth his wdfe Thomas Baker cfe Priscilla his wife Daniel &
Simond Epes Richard Martins Children which he had by
his Second wife Martha & her other Children That is to Say
to be Equally divided into Six Shares whereof Harlackinden
Simonds is to have two Shares & five pounds in pay p annu
during life to be well & truly paid by the above said parties
(viz) fifty Shillings p annm by the one party and fivety Shil-
lings J) annum by the other party. The other half of Said
farme to be to the proper vse & benifit of the other party (viz)
Joseph Jacob & his wife Susanna Dorothy Simonds Mary
Simonds & Elizabeth Simonds in Equal Shares To have & to
hold the aboue named parts or halfs of said farme Called
Argilla to them the aboue named partise (viz) Harlackinden
Simonds John Emerson & his wife Ruth : Thomas Baker «& his
wife priscilla Daniel & Simond Epes Richard Martins children
I02 Ancestry of Priscilla Baker.
by his wife Martha & lier other Children and Joseph Jacob
w*'^ his Avife Susanna, Dorothy Simonds INIary Simonds &
EHzabeth Simonds to them their heires Executors, adm's &
Assignes To the Sole vse benifit & behoof of them their heires
& assignes for Euer. Unto tlie true performance of all and
Singuler the premises, AVe the above sd parties, do bind our
Selves our heirs Execu'"s & Adult's, in the penall Sum of one
Thousand pounds Lawfull money of new England to be paid by
the defectiue party. In Witness whcrof we have here vnto Set
our hands & Seals the day & year first above written : Inter-
Haklackindex SiaioxDS & a Seal
Signed Sealed & JoHX Emeeson & a Seal
Delivered In pres- Euth Emerson & a Seal
ence of vs "i Thomas Baker & a Seal
Samuel Appleton ^\\\\^ Ppjscilla Bakee & a Seal
John Newman Daniel Epes & a Seal
Thomas Low\ Simond Epes & a Seal
Harlackinden Simonds, John Emerson : Ruth Emerson :
Thomas Baker : Daniel Epes and Symonds Epes, appeared
personally before me the Subscriber, one of the Council &
Justice of the peace in the province of the Massachusetts Bay
& acknowledged this Instrument both Sides of it to be their
act & deed this June 12"^ 1694.
Judge, of the probate of loills ^~c " for the County of Essex.
PEDIGREE OF HARLAKENDEX.
ANCESTRY OF DOROTHY, FIRST WIFE OF SAMUEL SYMONDS.
Arms. — Azure, a fess Ermine between three lion's lieads erased Or.
William Harlakenden =
William Harlakenden =
Thomas Harlakenden =
William Harlakenden of Woodchurcli, livinsc 1286 =
John Harlakenden of Woodchurch, living 1326 :
Thomas Harlakenden of Woodchurch, living 1408:
Moyses Harlakenden of Woodchurch == Petronella, dau. of Sir Henry Hardres.
William Harlakenden= John Harlakenden = Joane, daughter and heir of
of Woodchurch, of Warehorn,
d. 1481. Kent.
Thomas Willes of Alkinden,
John Harlakenden = Joane, daughter of
Philliiies of Tenterden.
Thomas Harlakenden = Mary, daughter and heir of
Richard Londenoys of Bread, Sussex.
I I I
John William Elizabeth, dau. of= Roger Harlakenden=EIizabeth Blechenden.
d. 1606. Thomas Hardres
of Kenardington, =Jane, daughter of Sir
Kent, and of Earl's Thomas Josceline.
Colne, Essex. =Aune Barnard,
Roger Richard Dorothy, dau. of = Thomas Harlakenden = Jane, dau. of Ed-
d. 1583. d. 1631. John Cheney of
of Earl's Colne. ward Hubert,
d. 1648. =Anne Blechenden.
= Sarah .
I I I I I I I I I I I
Roger William Dorothy bap. at Anne Agnes jSIabell Katharine
E. C. 12 Dec. Thomas Katharine Richard William
1596, m. Sam-
uel Symonds at Great Yeldham 2 April, 1617,
bur. at Toppesfield 3 August, 1636.
FAMILY OF READ. -
LITTLE attention has yet been paid to the his-
tory of this family, though many persons in
^ew England are directly descended from Edmund
Read of Wickford in Essex. 'No account of any
fulness or value can anywhere be read. The docu-
ments here printed, and the facts here recorded, will
certainly be new to most persons. The will of Ed-
mund Read has been printed in the Proceedings of
the Massachusetts Historical Society for 1862; and
the editors of the volume, though having all the
information then within their reach in this country,
were hardly able to add any biographical notes to the
document. The short pedigree on the next page
may be found in MS. Harleian, 1429, in the British
Ancestry of Pr is cilia Baker.
Allan Read Deputy of the ward of Faringdon without 1670.
an Atcht ma-de.
Arms, — Azure, a griffin segreant Or, a canton of the sec-
ond, quartering Allen, Brett, , Gedding, Aspall, Petrhys,
Watkins, Watervile, Peverell.
William Read of Wigford=Anne, daughter & heir of
dau. of Rich-
Jane & Elizabeth
both dyed mayds,
& ly buryed in St.
in St. Dunstans,
Anne Reade, twice marr.
1. to Henry Clarke ;
2i.y to Edward Hickes,
D": of divinity.
In the "History a:n^d TopoGRAPHr of the Coun-
ty OF Essex," by Thomas Wright, we read, under
the parish of Birchanger, —
"William Reade, of this parish, and Ann his wife, sole
daughter and heir of Thomas Aleyn, of Branghen, in Hertford-
shire, gentleman, by Jane his wife, one of the daughters of
Thomas Laventhorp, of Albury Hall, in the said county,
esquire. She died, 14th Nov. 1639. He, the 3d April, 1659.
This monument was erected by their only son, Aleyn Reade."
Arms : A griffin segreant ... a canton . . . impaling per
bend rompu ... six martlets.
^ tJ o
o fH 3
J» i P 3
C3 3- 3
3^ 53 3
O 3 3
p — _
CO K^ 1 3
.^^ 2. 3"^
H- 'V <r 1^ '^
C5 — c '-' 3
^- ^ ■_' ""J
I-' o 3
P *- P-
OS 2, a 3
to ? r'; C
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Ancestry of Priscilla Baker. 105
It seems worth while to print the following facts in
addition to the pedigree. Elizabeth, widow of Ed-
mund Kead, who died in 1623, married secondly the
famous Kev. Hugh Peter. The AYinthrop Family
Papers contain indirect evidence of this, but the
most certain proof is in a volume with this title:
" ENGLANDS SHAME : OR THE UIS^MASKES^G OF A
Politick Atheist: Being a Full and Faithful Re-
lation of the Life and Death of that Grand Im-
postor HUGH PETERS. Wherein is set forth his
whole Comportment, Policies, and Principles exer-
cised from the Ingress, in the Progress, and to the
Egress of his Unhappy Life. By William Yo^ge,
Dr. Med." The volume is an atrocious libel. Peters,
being " setled in a Free School of 24Z. ]}er annum^''
at or near Maiden in Essex, " feigns himself a Suitor,
or rather a politick Servant to one Mistris B^ead a
Widow woman dwelling neer unto him," and ac-
cordino' to Dr. Yon^, e obtained her hand and fortune
by a vile stratagem. The marriage probably took
place about 1625, and Mrs. Peter died in England
about 1637. I have no certain account of her paren-
tage, but think she was daughter of Thomas Cooke
of Pebmarsh, Essex.
io6 Ancestry of Priscilla Baker.
William Read, eldest son of Edmniid, lived at
Birchanger in Essex, and died in 1659. His will is
valuable as mentioning "my sister Lake, my sister
Symonds, my sister Winthropp."
Samuel Read, second son of Edmund, was a
physician, and in 1643 was of Bishop's-Stortford
in Hertfordshire. He was undoubtedly dead in
1659, not being named in his brother William's
Thomas Read, third son of Edmund, came to IS'ew
England, and was admitted Freeman of the Colony
of Massachusetts 1 April, 1631. He settled at Salem,
and in March, 1637, was appointed Ensign of the
watch for that town ; in 1617 he was called Captain.
16 February, 1636, the town granted him a farm of
three hundred acres north-west northerly from Salem,
the bounds of Avhich were settled 28 February, 1662.
He seems not to have passed much time in this coun-
try, and finally returned to England, to take an active
part in the great rebellion. He was a Colonel in the
parliamentary army, and for some time was governor
of Stirling Castle. He has been thought to have
taken part with General Monk in the restoration of
Charles II.; and this is possible, though in October,
Ancestry of Priscilla Baker. 107
1661, he was one of several officers " comitted close
prissoners to the Gatehouse, Westmy, by .expresse
warants sygned by his Ma^'*^'^ principall Secretary of
State." Thomas Read married Priscilla, daughter
of John Banks of Maidstone, Kent, and of London,
who died in 1642. They had six children, but I only
know the names of four; three of them died young.
Thomas Read died in 1662. His son Samuel, a mer-
chant of London, was living in 1701.
Margaret Read, eldest daughter of Edmund, mar-
ried John Lake, of what family I do not know; he
was certainly not brother of Sir Edward Lake and of
Thomas Lake of Boston, Mass., for that John was
also of Boston, where he died in 1677. They had
three children, John and Anna, mentioned in the will
of their grandfather Read, and Martha, born later.
Mrs. Margaret Lake came to ^ew England, and lived
for some time at ]^^ew London, Conn., afterwards at
Ipswich, where she died in 1672. Her husband was
living in 1657, but I know not how much later.
Of her son John I know nothing ; her daughter
Anna, called here Hannah, married John Grallup, of
!N^ew London and Stonington, a Captain, who was
killed in the ^arragansett swamp fight 19 December,
io8 Ancestry of Priscilla Baker.
1675, leaving several children ; Martha married 15
N^ovember, 1647, Thomas Harris of Ij^swich, who
died in 1687, also leaving several children.
Martha Read, second daughter of Edmnnd, married
Daniel Eppes of Kent, in which county the name
often occurs. They had three children, Daniel and
Elizabeth, mentioned in the will of their grandfather
Read, and Mary, born later. Her husband died with-
in a few years after 1623, and she married about 1637
Samuel Symonds, as related on page 62. JN^ear the
same time she came to this country. She bore her
second husband certainly four children, as before
enumerated, and died in 1662. Her son Daniel
Eppes married 20 May, 1614, his step-sister Eliz-
abeth Symonds, and died 8 January, 1693, leaving
several children. Her daughter Elizabeth EjDpes be-
came, I presume, wife of James Chute of Ipswich ;
he is called son by Samuel Symonds, and in 1653
James and Elizabeth Chewte were witnesses to the
will of Samuel Symonds, Jr. Her daughter Mary
Eppes married about 1654 Peter Duncan of Glouces-
ter, and died there 21 July, 1692, leaving several
children ; her husband died 6 May, 1716, aged
Ancestry of Priscilla Baker,
Elizabeth Read, third daughter of Edmund, born
at Wickford in 1614, married about 1635 John Win-
throp, Jr., Governor of Connecticut, and had several
children before her death, 21: N^ovember, 1672. He
died 5 April, 1676.
EXTRACTS FROM THE REGISTER OF WICKFORD, ESSEX.
Ano 1566 (-
Ano 1571 (-
Alio 1575 (-
40). AYilliam Reade was babtysed marche j^ 11"'
Roger Reade the sonne of Roger Reade was bab-
tysed October y" 2"?
Edmund Reade sonne to Willia Reade was bab-
tysed INlay y^ 23"3
Willia Reade sonne to Willia Reade was babtysed
July y« 22"3
-7). Margarett Reade daughter of Willia Reade
was babtysed Jaiiuary y'^ 9*'.'
Willia Reade sonne of Willia Reade was babtysed
May y'^ 24".'
-2). Mary Reade the daughter of Willia Reade
was babtysed Jan: y*^ 2".'
Richard Reade sonne of Willia Reade was bab-
tysed July y" 24".'
•6 ) . John Reade sonne of AVillia Reade was bab-
tysed January y*^ 25".'
Ancestry of Prise ilia Baker. 1 1 1
Aiio 1582 (-3). Agnes Reade daughter of Roger Reade was
babtysed February y'' 25*^
Ano 1595. Edmund Reade sonne of Edmund Reade was
babtysed november y° 6*'.'
1604. Edmund Reade the sonne of Edmund Reade was
babtysed July the 22"?
1614. Elizabeth Read dauohter of m' Edmund Read was
baptised novemb. 27.
Alio 1586 (-7), Willia Hurt & ^Margaret Reade were married
February y® 15'?
Ano 1592. Edmund Reade & Thomasin Wallenoer were mar-
ried november y*^ 14"3
1616. Arthure Helhouse & Marye Read widdow were
marryed August the 7"?
Alio 1558. Roger Reade was buryed marche y® 17'?
,, ,, John Reade was buryed november y'^ 27'?
Alio 1571. Willia Reade was buryed marche y*^ 3'?
Alio 1577. Martha Reade was buryed december y® 16'?
Ano 1583. Agnes Reade was buryed August y** 4'?
Ano 1592. Thomasin Reade was buryed decembr y® 7'?
1603. Willia Reade was buryed July y*^ 19'^
1613. Edmunde Read the sonne of Edmund Read was
buryed Noveratt: 9.
M^ Edmonde Read was buried the firste of December Anno
Widdo Read was hurried July the 26, 1660.
Ancestry of Priscilla Baker.
WILLS FROM VARIOUS SOURCES.
In the name of God Amen the yere of owre Lord
MCCCCCXXXIIIJ the xvj day of may I Wyllya Rede of
Wy-kford In the cowntie off Essex yoman make my testament
in maner and Forme Folowing. fyrst I beqweth my sowle to
almyghty God to owre lady saynt mare and to all the holy
company of heven and my body to be buryed in the chyrch or
chyrcheyarde of Wykford.
E. I beqweth to tlie hygh awt thythys neclygently for
goten XX ^
If. I beqweth to the same chyrch iij ^ iiij '?
It. I beqweth to a pryst to syng for my sowle and all
crysten sowls the space of halfe a yer In the parrishe chyrch
of Wykford iij ^' vj ^ viij ?
K. I beqweth to Roger Stonard my dogM son, a cowe and
IL I beqweth to elsabeth hys sys?, a cowe and iiij schepe.
I£. I beqweth mergret Bundoke my dog£ doght on cowe and
The resydewe of all my gods not beqwethyd I gyffe to Roger
my sii the woche Roger I make myne executure.
Wyttnes here of S^ Nawffi Byrche curat Ihoil Peke w* o^"
Proved at Chelmsford 26 June 1534.
Ancestry of Pr is cilia Baker. 113
In the Name of God Amen the x*'^ daye of Decemblr in the
yere of o'' Lord God 1557" etc. I Koger Rede of Wyckford
etc. make this my last will and testament etc. First I be-
quethe my soull to allmyghty God etc. And my bodye to be
bmyed etc. Also I geve and bequethe unto Elizsibethe my
wyf and to her assygnes xlvj ^' xiij ^ iiij '^ of good and Lawfull
money of England. Also I geve unto Elizabethe my Avif two
Kyne a blacke and a branded. Also I geve unto Elizabethe my
wif all such houshold [stuff] and plate as she had when and
at such tyme as we were maryed uppon condycion hereafter
followeyng That is to saye I will that Elizabethe my wyf shall
Eeleasse and yeld up unto John and Williii Reade my sones and
to their heires accordynge to my wall w"^in one monethe next
after my deceasse all that her right tytill and intrest of dowrye
of all those my Tenements and Lands which Tenements and
Lands I w^as Seased of at the daye and tyme of 0^' Spousage.
Also I wall that Elizabethe my Avif shall dely? or cause to be
dely^ed A certayne bill of conveyance made betwene me and
my waf before o"" Spowsage And in case that Elizabethe my
wyf doe Refuse to yelde up and Release all her Right tytill and
intrest of Dowrye of all my tenements and Lands as before
is sayd as also to delyver or cause to be dely?ed unto my
Execut" the byll Or elles to make a suffycyent quyttance and
dyscharge for the said byll or any thyng therein contayned,
114 Ancestry of Priscilla Baker.
Then I will that Elizabethe my wyf shall have no pte of the
Legacyes to her here in my will before bequethed. Also I
geve unto the sayde Elizabethe xxvj ** viij '' for a bed and the
new Cupbord in the ploV Also I will that my ExecuE hereafter
named shall paye or cause to be payed unto the saide Elizabethe
my wyf w*'^ in one moneth next after my deceasse xxvj " xiij ^ iiij '^
of the foresaid Legacye. Also I will that Elizabethe my wyf
shall make releasse of all her Right tytill &, Intrest of her dowrye
and of the bill of coveniits betwene us made at the daye of o'"
Spowsage as before is said. And in so doynge the other xx"
to be payd to lier w*''in one yere and a half next after my
decease. Also I will that Elizabethe my wyf and Roger my
sone shalbe here in the house w"^ my ij Soiies John and Will-
yam untill my monethes daye. And furthermore I will my
Execut shall keape Roger my soiie at there charges w*'' suffy-
cyent apparrell and in otherwyse. Also I geve unto Roger my
sone att the age of xxj *' yeres xl '' of good and Lawfull money
of England to be payd by the hands of myne Execut or there
assygnes. Also I will that my said Executors or there as-
sygneys shall bye the said Roger a fetherbed and all thyngs to
yt belongyng or els xP for the bed. Also I geve and bequethe
to Byttrys Hastier xx ^ and a petycoote to be payde to her w^^in
one yere next after my decease. Item I geve and bequethe to
Avys Hastier xx^ and iiij ° Ewe shepe To be payde by the hands
of my ExecuE or there assygnes to her w'^in ij" yeres next after
my deceass. Also I geve and bequethe to Agnys my doughter
Ancestry of Priscilla Bakei\ 115
the wyf of Henry Dowe xxvj® and viij? And that yt be payde
ymedyatlye after my decease by the hands of myne Exec.
Also I geve unto John Rede my soiie all my Tenements &
lands called greate Amys and litill Amys w^'' all thapp'tenrics
therto belongyng, to hyni and to his heh'es and assygnys for
ever, lyinge and beyng Av"'in the pyshe of Wyckford. Also I
geve unto Williii Rede my sone and to the heires of his bodye
lawfully begotten a certeyne Tent called felds and all the lands
w*'^ thapp'teniics thereto belongyng. And a certayne pcell of
land called Helmans croft lyinge and beynge in the pyshe of
Wydford. Also I will that yf God call williii my sone to his
incye w*'^ owt yssew of his bodye lawfully begotten Then I will
his legacye of land remayne to Roger my soiie and to his heires
of his bodye lawfully begotten. The Resydew of all my goods
unbequethed w**^ a leasse of a pece of Land called Rosses, my
debtes beyng payde my bodye honestly buryed my funeralles
done and this my present testament beyng pformed and fullfilled
I geve them wholy to John Rede and Williu Rede my Soiies
j)te and parte lyke which John Rede and Williii I constitute
ordeyne and make my Executors of this my present testament
and last will.
In wytnes unto this my present testament and last will I
have made my marke w*'' myne owne hand. Wytnes hereunto
AYillfii Stamer, Thomas Deryvall, Edward Stamer and others.
ii6 Ancestry of Priscilla Baker.
WILLIAM K E A D.
In the name of God Amen The iij*'^ day of July in the yeare
of our Lord God 1603, I William Reade of Wickford in the
county of Essex yeoman (beinge in perfect mynd & memory
lawde & prayse therefore moste hartely I give unto God) doe
ordayne make and constitute this my p''sent testament contayn-
ing therein my last will in manner and forme followinge that is
to saye fyrst and principally I give and bequeathe my sowle to
Allmighty God my Maker Redeemer «& Saviour Jesus Christe
by whose death and passion I trust to be saved and by no other
meanes and my body to be buryed in the Church of Wickford
whensoever the same shall fortune to departe this lyfe.
IL I give and bequeathe to the poore of Wickford Three
powndes to be payd to them yearely xx ? The first xx ? to be
payd p^'sently after my death.
IL I give to the jsoore of Rayley xx ?
H. I give to the poore of Rawreth xx ?
I£. I give to the poore of Nevingdon xx?
IL I give to the poore of Runwell xx ?
IL I give and bequeath to my cozen Roger Reade the some
of Eight pownds to be payd unto him by forty shyllinges a
IL I give to every one of my howsehold servants x? a piece.
IL I give and bequeath to Mary my welbeloved wyfe One
hundred powndes of good and lawfull money of England to be
Ancestry of Prise ilia Baker. 117
payd unto lier within halfe a yeare after my decease upon this
condicion hereafter mentioned that is to say that she the sayd
Mary shall accept and take twenty powndes a yeare of my
Sonne Edmund Reade his heyres or assignes for her dowrye or
third w'^'^ she is to have out of my landes And if that the sayd
Mary my wyfe do refuse to yeeld up and release all her right
title and interest of dowrye or third of all my sayd landes (my
sayd Sonne beinge bownde to pay her quarterly that is to say v ^'
every quarter so long as she shall live) then my will and mean-
inge is that jNIary my wyfe shall not have any part of this
legacye of One hundred powndes to her given by my wall before
It. I give and bequeath to the sayd Mary my wyfe all such
household stufFe and plate as she had when and at such tyme as
we were marryed except suche howsehold as she hath given
since to her children or is otherwise worne altered and decayed
■\vcii i^^y ^yill and meaninge is that my executour hereafter men-
tioned shall not be charged withall.
K. I give and bequeath to the said Mary my lovinge wyfe
sixe Kyne to be delivered by my executour out of my stocke
heere in Wickford within one moneth after my decease.
K. I give and bequeath to my sayd wyfe my baye trottinge
IL My mynd and wyll is that my sayd wyfe shall have her
dwellinge & entertaynment in all honest and comely manner
for herself & her mayde in my nowe dwellinge howse for the
ii8 Ancestry of Priscilla Baker.
terme of one Avliole yeare next after my decease yf she will so
longe there continue & abyde.
K. I give and bequeath to my sonne John Reade three
hundred pownds of lawfull Englishe money to be payd within
one veare after my decease. ..
IL I give and bequeath to my brother iSdmund Churche
the some of vj'^ xiij ^ iiij'' to be payd unto him within one quar-
ter of a yeare after my decease.
IL I give and bequeath to my sonne Edmund Reade and to
the heyres of his body lawfully begotten all my landes and
tenements whatsoever and for want of suche heyres my will and
meaninge is that all the sayd landes and tenements shall de-
scend and come to my sonne John Reade before mentioned &
to his heyres for ever.
IL I give and bequeath to my sayd sonne Edmund my
lease of Fryearne* and the lease w*^'^ I bought of my brother
The residue of all my goodes and chattells whatsoever unbe-
queathed my funerall charges discharged and this my p'sent
testament and last will perfourmed and fullfylled I give and
bequeath to my sayd sonne Edmund whome I doe institute
ordayne and make my sole executour of this my present testa-
ment and last will and I doe appoynt my cozen Edmund
Thorneton and my cozen Richard Dowe to be myne overseers
* A manor in Newenden parish, bordering Wickford.
Ancestry of Priscilla Baker. 119
and I doe give to either of them xx* a piece to make them a
ringe in recompence of there paynes & token of my good will.
In wittnesse whereof unto this my p'sent testament and last
will I have sett to my hand and seale the day and yeare above
The marke of X the sayd William Reade the testator & his
Sealed subscribed ratified acknowledged & delivered by the
sayd William Reade the testator for his last wyll & testament
in the p''sence of us William Harries & Thomas Meredythe.
In y*" name of God Amen, y^ 20*'^ day® of November in y*^
yeare of our Lord one thousand Six hundred and [twenty]
thre I Edmand Reade &c.
Item, I give & bequeth unto y*' Poore of Wickford twenty
shillings of Lawfull english mony to be payde to y™ by my
Execute'"^ with in one Month next after my dicease : Item, I
give & bequeth unto John Weald my Servant five pounds of
* This Will, found among the Winthrop Family Papers, has been printed in
the Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society. A few misprints
there seen are corrected here from the manuscript.
I20 Ancestry of Priscilla Baker.
Lawfull english mony to be Payde to him within one yeare
after my dicease : Item, I give & bequeth unto every one of my
other Servants two shillings a Peece to Be payde to y™ within
one Month after my dicease : Item, I give & bequeth unto
William Reade my soil & to my daughter Reade forty shil-
lings apeece to Bye y"" Rings : Item, I give & bequeth unto
Elizabeth my Loving Wife all those Leases which I have of
M^ Edward Syliarde & M^ George White ; and allsoe y" Mes-
sages and Tenaments or Lands theireunto belonging which I
lately Purchased of M^ Cockerum now in y*^ Teno' & occupation
of John Tyle or his assignes for »& during y® Tearme of her
Naturall Life ; and after her dicease, I give & bequeath all y''
sd Leases Messages or Teniments and y'' lands above spesi-
fyed unto William Reade my soil upon y*^ Condition y* he y*^ sd
William my son. shall with in forty dayes next after my deth
enter into bond to Elizabeth my sd Loving Wife in y*^ full soin
of 400 ^ y* he y*^ sd William my son shall paye unto my son
Thomas Reade within fourescore dayes after y° dicease of my sd
Loving Wife, if he y*^ sd Thomas be y" Living or otherwise
to his Children if he have any then Living y*^ full suiii of 240 ^
of Lawfull english mony and if my sd soil William shall Re-
fuse to enter into Bond to my sd Loving Wife as aforesaide •
y** my minde and Will is y* my sd soS Thomas Reade shall
Presantly after y'' dicease of my sd Loving Wife, enter into
y** aforesd leases & Lands ; and allsoe into y*^ aforesd Messages
or Teniments with y® apertinances and Lands theireunto be-
Ancestry of Prise ilia Baker. 121
longing, to have and enjoye to him y^ sd Thomas Reade or y*^
eyres of his Body Lawfully begotten and for Want of such
Issue y" to Remayne to my soil AVilliam Reade and his Eyres
for ever: Item, I give & bequeth unto Samuell my second
soil & to y*' eyres of his body Lawfully begotten ; y* my Mes-
sage or Teniment with y° appertinances Sc Lands theireunto
belonging, Called or Knowne by y° name of Sopers or by what
soever Name or names y*" same be Calld or Knowne ; now in
y*^ Teno^" & occupation of George Ballard or his assignes ; and
if y'^ sd Samuell my soil shall fortune to depart y** life with out
Eyres of his body lawfully begotten ; y" my minde and AYIll
is y* Thomas my aforesd soil shall enter into y° Messages &
Lands aforesd to have and enjoye y™ to him or y® eyres of his
Body lawfully begotten ; and for Want of such Issue unto
William Reade my sd soil and to his eyres for ever : Provided
allwayes y* if y°' sd Message or Teniment and lands theireunto
belonging, Called Sopers herein and hereby formerly given &
bequethed unto Samuell my soil shall liapen to Com to William
my soil in Maner & forme as aforesaide ; y" I Will y' my sd
soil William shall with in one Month y" next enter into bond to
my Executo^" herein and hereby nominated (If she be y" Living)
or otherwise to y^ overseeres of this my last Will & Testiment
herein Nominated in y'^ Penall soiu of 600 ! with Condition to
paye 300 ' of LawfuU english niony in maner & forme follow-
ing : (that is to saye) unto John Lake and Anna Lake two of
my Grand Children : 50 ^ apeece : & to Daniell Epps & Eliza-
122 Ancestry of Priscilla Baker.
beth Epps two other of my Grand Children : 50 a peece and to
Elizabeth my Daughter : 100 ' of lawfull english mony within
one yeare next after y*^ sd Message or Teniment &, ^^ lands
theireunto belonging Called Soppers, shall hapen to Com to ray
sd son William in Maner & forme as aforesaide and if my sd
soil William shall Refuse to enter bond in Maner & forme as
is aforesaide then I will y' all those Messages lands & teniments
Called Sopers shall be and Remayne unto my aforesaide Grand
Chilldren, and to y^ Residue of my Grand Children of all my
Daughters, and to Elizabeth my youngest Daughter equally
to be divided aiuongst y™ and if my sd Grand Children shall
hapen to dye before the sd Legasye shall be due, y° my minde
& Will is y* y'' saide Legasye shall Ineur to my two Daughters
y'' Mothers, and Provided allsoe y* if Samuell my son hapen to
depart this life with°"* Issue of his body lawfully begotten, and
that Thomas my soil enjoye y^ sd lands & teniments aforesd
and to him in and by this my last Will & testiment bequethed ;
then my minde and will is that those leases lands and Messages
with y® lands theireunto belonging which is before given unto
my saide son Thomas shall Presently Ineur and Com to my
saide soil William Reade and to his eyres for ever without pay-
ing y® foresaide soin of 240 ^ unto Thomas Reade my soil or any
part theireof in maner and forme as is aforesaide. Item, I give
& bequeth unto my saide Loving Wife y® lease of Frearne and
all y® time and terme to Come and unexpired for and towards
y'' Mayntenance and education and bringing up of Thomas
Ancestry of Priscilla Baker. 123
Reade my third sou : Item, I give and bequeth unto my son
in Law John Lake and to my Daughter Margrett Lake, forty
shillings apeece to make y™ Rings and to John Lake and Anna
Lake theire Children 20*'^ apeece : Item, I give and bequeth
unto Daniell Epps & Martha Epps my Daughter 40 ^'' apeece
to make y™ Rings & to Elizabeth Epps and Daniell Epps
theire Children 20^'^ apeece:* Item, I give and bequeth unto
Elizabeth my Daughter 200 ' of Lawfull inony of england
to be payde unto her at her full age of 20 yeares. Item, I
give & bequeath unto my Brother John Reade y° sufii of five
pounds to be payde to him within one whole yeare next after
my Dicease : Item, I give and bequeath unto my sofi William
my young graye Guilding now in y^ Custodye of my Kinsman
John Reade : all ye Residue of my Goods Chattells and
Mooveables Avhat soever, I give and bequeath unto Elizabeth
my said Loving Wife, who I make and ordayne my sole execu-
trix of this my last Will & testiment ; and I doe nominate
and appoynt James Lawrence of Cliffords Inn Gentillman and
John Reade of Pitsaye my Kinsman overseers of this my last
Will and testiment, and doe hereby give y" thre pownd six
shillings cfe aight pence apeece to be payde to y'^^ by my saide
executrix Intreating y" to be ayding and assisting my sd loving
Wife to se this my last Will and testiment duly and truly exe-
cuted & performed according to my Intent and true meaning
herein and hereby set downe & declared. In Witness whereof,
I the saide Edmand Reade, have set my hand to every severall
124 Ancestry of Pris cilia Baker.
lease and iny scale to y'" all fixed together, and doe dellvei' y*^
same in to y'' hands of my Loving Wife my saide executrix this
20* daye of November in the 21^* yeare of y® Kings Majestyes
Raigne that now is and in anno Domini 1623.
Sealed &. delivered in y*^ Presence of Edmand Lamb : Ed-
Rob* Marrable his Marke he is M'' Thomas Lakes Mail.
Vera Copia From Coll. Reade.
In the name of God Amen I AVilliam Reade of Birchanger
in the county of Essex Gentleman being of perfect minde and
memory thankes be to ray God therefore but weake of body and
Considering my uncertaine Estate and Condition in this World
Doe now this Thirty day of March In the yeare of our Lord
God One Thousand six hundred Fifty and nyne make this my
last Will and Testament in manner following. First I bequeath
my soule to God who gave it assuredly belei^■ing to be saved by
the meritts pretious death passion and Resurrection of my Lord
and Saviour Jesus Christ only. Then I bequeath my body to
the Earth in sure and certaine hope of Resurrection to eternall
Ancestry of Priscilla Baker. 125
life through the power & vertue of ray Redeemer and only
Saviour Jesus Christ to be decently buried neare the body of
my deare wife formerly buried in the Chancell of Birchanger
as my Executor shall thinke fitt and convenient. Imprimis I
make ray loving Sonne Alleyn Read my sole Executor of this
my last Will and testament & doe give him all my Lands free
and Coppy lying and being in the parish of Birchanger in the
county of Essex to him & to his heires for ever he discharging
my Funerall expences & all such Legacies as I shall here give
&j expresse. Item I give unto my daughter Ann Clarke
Widowe Two hundred pounds of good and currant money of
England deducting thence only such necessary Charges as my
Sonne Alleyne Read hath been putt to or shall be putt to in the
Recoverie and well and surely setling of her joynture. My
will herein is further that if ray daughter Ann Clarke marrie
againe that she shall make good and convey in writing to my
Grandchild Elizabeth Clarke her daughter one hundred pounds
of the former suine given her And I request my sonn Alleyn
Read my Executor to take Care for the assurance of that sumrae
to ray Grandchild Elizabeth Clarke to be paid unto her att the
age of one and twenty yeares or day of her marriage which
shall first happen. But if the said Elizabeth Clarke shall dye
before marriage or the age of one and twenty yeares then y*"
hundred pounds to returne to my daughter Anne Clarke. Item
I bequeath to my sonne Alleyn Read & to his wife & to my
daughter Anne Clarke & likewise to my loving brother Thomas
126 Ancestry of Pris cilia Baker.
Read & his wife & to everie one of them perticularly a gold
ring of forty shillings price each ring. Item I give to my sister
Lake my sister Symonds my sister Winthropp To my Cozen
Thomas Cooke & his wife To my Cozen Joseph Cooke To my
Cozen Benett* Widowe To M"- Lear, Clarke & to M"- Thomas
Cuthbert & to my fower Grandchildren William Alleyn &
Thomas Eead & Elizabeth Clarke & to all and to every one of
theise last named in perticular to each one of them one gold
ring of twentie shillings price. Item I give and bequeath unto
my loving Freind William Parsons now of Birchanger Clerke,
five pounds of good and lawfull monie of England & one
mournino; Gowne. And further I give unto the said William
Parsons, Clerke, & to his wife & daughter Margarett Parsons
to each of them in pertici\Iar one gold ring of twenty shillings
price. Item I give to y'^ poore of y^ parish of Birchanger in
Essex the suiiie of fortv shillino's to be given them & such of
them & in such proporcon as my Executor with y® oversight of
William Parsons of Birchansfer clerke shall thinke fitt & this
sumrae of forty shillings shall be paid to the said poore in
Birchanger w^^'in one moneth after my buriall. Item I give
unto y'^ poore of Wickford in Essex y*^ suiue of forty shillings
to be devided among them and such of them as my sonn <fe
Executor Alleyn Read w*^ y*^ oversight of y^' parson or Minister
of Wickford shall thinke fitt & my Avill is y* this suine of fortie
* Grace, daughter of Thomas Cooke of Pebmarsh, married John Bennet
of Matching, Essex.
Ancestry of Priscilla Baker. 127
shillings shall be l^ayd w*'Un two moneths after my burlall. And
for all y° Rest of my Reall & psonall Estate whatsoever I give
wholy & intirely to my loving sonne Alleyn Read whome I
have & doe make constitute & ordeine my sole and only Exe-
cutor of this my last will and testam* & for y*' whole ordering
of my buriall I wholly leave it to his Avisdome & discrecon both
when & what manner to pforme y® same. In witnes & full
confirmacon of this my last will & testam* I have hereunto sub-
scribed my name w"^ my owne hand & imprinted my owne seale
This Thirty day of March 1659.
This writing was sealed subscribed and acknowledged by
M': William Read of Birchanger in Essex for his last will and
testament in y'^ presence of William Parsons Margarett Parsons
the marke of Jane Gray.
Proved at London 6 June 1659.
I Thomas Reade in the Parish of Wickford in the County
of Essex gen£ doe make my last will in manner and forme
Imprimis I doe give and bequeath unto my beloved wife
Prissilla Read my farme called or knowne by the name of
128 Ancestry of Priscilla Baker.
Soppers in the parrish of Wickford in the County of Essex
during hur life.
Item I doe give unto ray loving wife Prissilla Reade Seaven
Hundred and fiftie pounds dureing hur life Alsoe it is my will
that if my loving wife M'"^ Prissilla Reade should marry He that
shee should have shuld ^ive o-ood securitie before marriao-e unto
my overseers of this my will hereafter menconed for the repay-
ing of the seaven hundred and fiftie pounds to them after the
death of my wife for the use of my children hereafter menconed.
It is my will that after the decease of my loveing wife my
Sonne Samuell Read shall have five hundred pounds of the
aforesaid seven hundred and fiftie pounds if he be of the age
of one and twenty yeares or when he attayneth thereunto.
Alsoe it is my will that my sonne Thomas Reade should have
two hundred and fiftie pounds of the seaven hundred and fiftie
pounds before menconed if he be of the age of one and twenty
yeares or when he attayneth thereunto.
Item it is my will that after the decease of my loveing wife
my Sonne Samuell Read and his Ayres males lawfully begotten
shall have my farme called Soppers in the parrish of Wickford
aforesaid if he attayneth to the age of one and twenty yeares or
when he doth.
Alsoe it is my will that my sonne Samuell Read when he
comes to the age of one and twenty yeares shall have paid him
Two Thousand three hundred pound over and above them the
five hundred pounds formerly menconed.
Ancestry of Pj'iscilla Baker. 129
Alsoe it is my will that my sonne Samuell Eeade shall have
all that my farme called WIckford nere Salem in New England
And all purtenrics thereunto belonging.
Alsoe it is my will that my sonne Samuell Read shall have
all my Publicke heeles * when he attayneth to the age of one
and twenty yeares paying one Third parte thereof To my sonne
Thomas Read when he attayneth to the age of one and twenty
Item I doe give unto my sonne Thomas Reade fowerteene
hundred and fiftie pounds to be paid him when he attayneth
to the age of one and twenty yeares over and above the two
hundred and fiftie pounds formerly menconed after the decease
of my wife.
Item It is my will that my daughter Prissilla Read should
have paid her when shee attayneth to the age of one and twenty
yeares the Somme of one Thousand pounds or at the day of her
marriage Provided my wife and those which I shall hereafter
mention in this my will which I shall desire to be overseers
of this my will doe approve of him shee doth match withall if
not it is my will shee should have but five hundred poundes
sterling and that five hundred pounds w'^^ she should have had
it is my will that my sune Samuell Reade shall have three
hundred poundes of it, and it is my will that my sune Thomas
Reade shall have the other two hundred poundes sterling.
* I have no idea what this means, unless possibly certain inns or taverns.
130 Ancestry of Prise ilia Baker.
Item it is my will that if it should please the Lord to
teake away by death my Sune Samuell Reade without issue
That v/hich I have given him my sune Thomas Reade should
Item it is my will if it should please the Lord to teake away
by death [my Sune Thomas Reade] with aught issue lawfuly
begotene what I have given unto my sune Thomas my Sune
Samuell shall have it. Provided alsoe it is my further will that
in case it should please the Lord to teake away by death eyther
my sune Samuell Reade or my sonne Thomas Read or my
daughter Prissilla Reade my wife M"^ Prissilla Reade shall have
dureing hur life twenty pound a yeare ought of the deceased
Chiles portion more then what I have formerly give her.
Item it is my further will that all the rest of my overplus of
mv estate which will accrewe untill mv children comes of a^e
as formerly menconed Item it is my will that my Sune Samuell
should have two Thurds and my sune Thomas shall have the
Item it is my will that twenty pounds a yeare by the yere
should be allowed ought of the incomes of my estate which will
arise for the bringing up of my children unles my Suprinces
seeth srood cause to adde something; more.
Item it is my will that my wife dureing her life should have
the use of what household stufFe and plate I have and then to
be distrebuted to my Childrene which my wife is desired to
teake keare of before hur death.
Ancestry of Priscilla Baker. 131
Alsoe it is my earnest desire that my wife and overseers of
this my will teake keare that my children may be brought up in
the feare of the Lord and to have good educacon and learning
and my sunes to be put ought to which they are most apte to.
Alsoe it is my further will that my beloved wife M"^ Prissilla
Reade should be my executes of this my last will. I doe like-
wise desire ordaine and appoint my brother Calebe Banckes
esquire Thomas Cooke of Pedmeshe Esquire Sir John Banckes
Barran* Allyn Reade gen^ Jacob AVillett Citcer to be Supervis
of this my last will and Garderns to my Children during their
noneage in case my wife dyeth or marryeth dureing theare tyme
of their nonage.
In witnes whereof I have hereunto sett my hand and Seale
this 25'^ July 1662.
Witnes by us
Proved at London 6 November 1662.
PEDIGREE OF SWAYNE.
ANCESTRY OF EEBECCA, THIRD WIFE OF SAMUEL SYMONDS.
Arms. — Aziu-e, a clievron between three pheons Or.
Richard S way ne= Christian, daughter of
Walter Burges of S.
Joan, daughter=Bennett Swayne=Bridget, daughter of
of Melin, of of Sarum. Dominic Chester of
II II II
Walter Christian Margaret
John Jane Joan
Dominic Chester of-
Bennett Swayne=Anne, daughter of Richard Rebecca b. ab. 1617, m.
of Milford, b. ab.
Edward Kelsey of
1. Henry By ley ;
1 2. 1641, John Hall ;
\ 3. 1650, Rev. Wm. Worcester ;
4. 1663, Samuel Symonds ;
d. at Ipswich, 21 July, 1695.
:Elizabeth, daughter of Elizabeth
Nicholas Skinner of
Bennett of Milford,
d. 1748^ childless.
Thomas d. 1747,
EEBECCA (SWAY^E) SYMO:^^DS.
REBECCA, third wife of Samuel Symonds, was
daughter of Bennett Swayne of Sarum, Eng-
land, where she was born in 1616 or 1617. She
married, about 1636, Henry Byley of Sarum, who
came to ]!^ew England in 1638, leaving her behind
with one or two little children. She came soon after;
but he died at Salisbury, Mass., about 1610, leaving
children Henry and Rebecca. She married secondly,
3 April, 161:1, John Hall of Salisbury, and had John,
born 18 March, 1612, and Samuel. He died in a few
years, and she married thirdly, 22 July, 1650, Rev.
William Worcester of Salisbury. He died 28 Octo-
ber, 1662; and the next year she married Samuel
Symonds, as has been told. Her son Henry Byley
died unmarried. Her daughter Rebecca Byley mar-
ried, 15 December, 1661, Rev. John Hale of Beverly,
134 Ancestry of Priscilla Baker.
and died 13 April, 1683, leaving a son Robert. Her
son John Hall moved to England, and in 1676 and
1682 was of Islington, Middlesex, a merchant. He
died in 1691, leaving a daughter Elizabeth Rogers.
WILL OF REBECCA SYMONDS.
In ye Name of God Amen I Eebeckah Symonds Widdow &
Relique of m"" Samuell Symonds late deputy Gouf of ye Massa-
thusits Collony of ye Towne of Ipswich in ye County of Essex
in Newingland doe this 15*^ day of Jully One Thousand Six
hundred ninty five make ordaine & Constitute this my last will &
Testament heare by revokeing & disanulling all other & former
Wills & Testaments by word & writeing what Soeuer makeing
this only to Stand & be for my last Will & Testament beeing
Sicke in body but of a good & perfect Memory blessed be God
first I Commit my Soule into ye hands of Allmighty God hope-
ing through ye raerrit of Jesus Christ my Saviour of a Joyfull
resurection & my body to ye Earth to be descently Interred at
ye discretion of my Ouerseers hear after named & as for my
Temporall Estate my will is that all my Just & honest debts
that I owe to any maner of person be payd & ye rest I giue &
bequeath in Maner & forme fFollowing.
Ancestry of Priscilla Baker. 135
Imp'"mis. I Giue unto my Kinsman Bennett Swaine in
Ingland Three pounds if he haue Soe much in his hands.
Item. I Giue unto my Grand daughter Ellizi^ Rogers *
Twenty Shillings in Mony & a Gould ring yt wos my
Item. I Giue unto my Sonn m'" Jn° Hale my Horse.
Item. I Giue unto my Sonn m'" Jn" Emerson my fFrench
Item. I giue unto y*^ Two Ministers in Ipswich Twenty
Shillings Each one in Mony.
Item. I giue unto my Sonn Hierlackindine Symonds One
good Young Co we.
Item. I Giue unto my daughter Baker my Grogerum Manto
& Couloured Silke petticoat.
Item. I Giue unto my Daughter Emerson One Silk petti-
Item. I Giue unto my Grand Sonn Dainell Epps One
Item. I Giue unto my Grandsonn Symonds Epps ye Bed-
stead in ye Parlour.
Item. I Giue unto my Coushae Martha Harris f a good new
Scarfe of Equall valine with my best Scarfe.
* She was daughter of John Hall, son of Mrs. Symonds by her second
t Slie was daughter of Mrs. Margaret Lake, sister of Samuel Symonds'
136 Ancestry of Priscilla Baker.
Item. I Giue unto my Cousine John Stamiford * one of my
Gould rings & Three pounds in Mony.
Item. I Giue unto my daughter Eliza*? Symonds all my
wearing linen Excepting ye vallue of Twenty Shillings out of
which I giue unto my Maide Eliza"3 Ross & I giue unto my Sd
daughter Symonds one paire of good Cotton & Linen Sheets &
pillobears &, ye best green rugg & one new blankett & one Suit
of wearing apparell.
Item. I Giue unto my Grand daughter Sarah Lowef one
Item. I Giue unto my daughter Hale| my blacke Cloth
Gowne cS; petticoat & a blacke Silke gown & petticoat.
Item. I Giue unto my Grand Sonn Robert Hale & his heires
for Euer all ye rest of my Estate reall & personall Excepting
ye remainder of my wearing apparell not hearin disposed of
which I leaue at ye discretion of my Ouer Seers viz my Two
Sonns M'" Jn" Hale & Thomas Baker & my Cousin Jn? Stani-
ford to be disposed of Amongst those that haue & may be help-
full to mee in my Sickness or otherwise & Unto Each of my
Sd ouer Seers I giue a gould ring in regard of their pains
thearin & I appoint my Sd GrandSonn Hale Sole Executor of
this my last will & Testament.
* He married Margaret, daughter of Thomas and Martha Harris.
t She was daughter of Harlakendeu Symonds.
\ I am puzzled to say who this Avas. Rebecca (Byley) Hale had been dead
several years, and Rev. John Hale was at this time again a widower, his second
wife having died two months before date of this will.
Ancestry of Priscilla Baker.
Item. I Giue unto ye poor of ye Towne of Ipswich Twenty
Shillings in niony to be at ye discretion of my ouer Seers in
Wittness whearof I have hearunto Sett my hand & Seale ye
day & year afore Sd.
Eeb ca Symonds.
Signed Sealed & Declared
in p'"sence of
Proved 19 August, 1695.
FAMILY OF BANKS.
TN 1859 Mr. William H..Whitmore communicated to
-^ the "New-England Historical and Genealogical Eegister"
a letter written from London 5 September, 1672, by Lidia
Bankes to her Coussen Daniel Eppes, of Ipswich, Mass. It
was an answer to a letter brought- to England by Harlakenden
Symonds, and names many relations ; and Mr. Whitmore made
a guess as to the manner and degree of relationship, which was
wonderfully good, considering the utter ignorance of the Read
pedigree which then existed. The present volume contains, I
think, a full explanation of all that was then a puzzle. To
finish the Avork I add a pedigree of Banks, compiled from wills
and parish registers, and the following, found in the British
Museum, Ms. Ilarleian, 1476. I owe many facts to the labors
of Mr. H. G. SOMERBY.
Ancestry of Prise ilia Baker.
John Bancks of Lancasli.===
da. of -
Jo: Bancks now living in=
Winington in com. chest.
:Mary da. of Alex. Fisher of
Maydstone in Co. Kent by
the da. of Maplesden.
Caleb Bancks = Martha da. of
eldest Sonne. Stephen Dame
in CO. Kent.
The full pedigree is as opposite.
Lydia, daughter of John Banks of Maidstone and London,
was the writer of the letter. Her relationship to most of the
persons mentioned in it is shown in the various pedigrees in
this volume. She joined the Church of Salem, Mass., in 1637,
but left about 1642, and in 1664 desired dismission to Mr. Nye's
Church, London. Sir John Banks, Baronet, died 17 October,
1699, and was buried at Aylesford with all trophies, 31 October.
The baronetcy became extinct at his death. In compliance with
his will a monument was erected to his memory, with his and his
wife's effigies in marble. According to Hasted, the Historian of
Kent, his arms were, " Sable, on a cross, between four fleurs-
de-lis. Argent, five pheons Azure ; " but according to Burkes'
"Extinct and Dormant Baronetcies," they were, "Sable, on a
cross Or, between four fleurs-de-lis Argent, five pellets."
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