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Full text of "The Ancient Kalendar of the University of Oxford"

O.tforb 

VOL. XLV 



ANCIENT KALENDAR 



OF THE 



UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD 



OXFORD : HORACE HART 
PRINTER TO THE UNIVERSITY 



CCompctug manual^ 

abbCiiOjcewefuu 




FROM THE WOODCUT FRONTISPIECE TO THE 4TO EDITION PRINTED BY 

C. KYRFOTH, OXFORD, 1519-20. 



THE 

ANCIENT KALENDAR 

OF THE 

UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD 

FROM DOCUMENTS OF THE FOURTEENTH 
TO THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY 

TOGETHER WITH 

COMPUTUS MANUALIS 

AD USUM OXONIENSIUM 

FROM C. KYRFOTH'S EDITION, OXON., 1519-20 

(WITH SEVEN FACSIMILES) 

EDITED BY 

CHRISTOPHER WORDSWORTH 

FOR THE OXFORD HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



VOL. XLV 




OXFORD 

PRINTED FOR THE OXFORD HISTORICAL SOCIETY 
AT THE CLARENDON PRESS 



Mo 

097 



PREFACE 

" I "HE purpose of this little book is twofold : 

* First, to make generally accessible the text of the brief 
COMPUTUS MANUALIS, which was printed at Oxford by Charles 
Kyrfoth, in February, 1519-30, as a textbook for Arts 
Students in the sixteenth century, but which has for many 
generations survived only in a single copy preserved at the 
University Library, Cambridge. 

Secondly, to prefix to the Computus an annotated text of 
the principal manuscripts of the ANCIENT KALENDAR of the 
UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD, as it is found in the old Proctors' 
Books, &c., written about the year 1400, with some account 
of its earlier and later developments. 

The text of the Computus has been hitherto virtually 
unknown in modern times ; but the Kalendar of 1400 has 
been, for the last five-and-thirty years or more, available 
in the first volume of Mr. Anstey's invaluable Munimenta 
Academica, issued under the direction of the Master of the 
Rolls in 1868. The kalendar which is there printed is 
a compilation from the Chancellor's and the two Proctors' 
Books, compared with the directions given in other archives. 

A wish, -however, has been expressed by certain influential 
members of the Council of the OXFORD HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 
to the effect that the Chancellor's (or Commissary's) and two 
Proctors' Kalendars should each be printed separately, with 
the places of the numerous obliterated passages marked, 



VI 



PREFACE 



and the later insertions indicated typographically as far as 
it might be possible. 

Mr. Madan, Mr. Stainer, and the present editor have done 
their best to recover some of the writing of the blackened 
passages in the three books, wherever the case was not quite 
hopeless ; but they have met only with partial success. 
Some of the entries are absolutely illegible: in other instances 
while we were examining the manuscripts an unusually bright 
gleam of sunlight on the page would raise hopes which 
presently an unkind cloud would too speedily dispel. 

The task of deciphering the blackened passages has proved 
too hard for absolute success at present. Some few passages 
have been recovered. For the rest, our readers must be con- 
tent to wait until applied chemistry, perhaps at no far 
distant date, shall enable palaeography to recover what the 
misapplied chemicals of a long-past generation have hitherto 
obscured. 

As Cambridge has preserved the unique surviving copy of 
the printed Computus Manualis ad usum Oxonien., so likewise 
has it possession of the Oxford Kalendar in what is perhaps 
its earliest extant form. 

In the second volume of his Catalogue of Western 
Manuscripts at Trinity College, Cambridge^ Dr. M. R. James, 
in 1901, drew attention to an early Fourteenth-Century 
Kalendar (perhaps from Caudebec in Normandy), which, in 
the same century, by means pf interlineations and additions, 
was adapted for use as an OXFORD KALENDAR OF THE 
FOURTEENTH CENTURY. It represents the University 
Almanac as it stood about the year 1337. 

We print this old Oxford Kalendar from the Trinity 
College, Cambridge, MS. R. 14. 29 a at the end of this preface, 
so as immediately to precede the body of our work. 

1 M. R. James, Catalogue of Western MSS. at Ttin. Coll., Cam.,ii. pp. 312-13. 
(In our collations on pp. 68-79, cf - 2O > 2I > we refer to this MS. R. 14.20, by the 
letter ' T.') 



PREFACE vii 

It would, perhaps, have been more modest if an alumnus of 
the sister university had not volunteered, or even consented, 
to edit and to comment upon a small but somewhat obscure 
portion of the OXFORD ACADEMICAL ARCHIVES. 

I could not, however, help remembering that in the early 
days of the OXFORD HISTORICAL SOCIETY when I was 
honoured with a place in its counsels, I had made an offer to 
undertake some work in connexion with its publications. 
' Conscience,' which makes ' cowards ' of some, has urged me 
on to a sort of spurious bravery ; and my bold offer was 
courteously and, as I now fear, too courteously accepted. 

But without the help and encouragement, freely given by 
the Rev. Dr. J. R. Magrath, Provost of Queen's College, 
by Dr. C. Lancelot Shadwell, sometime Fellow of Oriel, and 
by Mr. Falconer Madan, Fellow of Brasenose and Sub-librarian 
of the Bodleian Library, the result would have been even more 
unworthy of the Society and of the University than it is. 

I have throughout enjoyed the further advantage of counsel 
and assistance from Mr. C. L. Stainer of Christ Church. That 
he has kindly saved me many an additional journey, my thanks 
to him are personally due ; and our readers are indebted to him 
for the care which he has given to the book while it was in 
the course of printing, and especially to the reproduction of 
the Chancellor's and Proctors' Kalendars. 

I have elsewhere recorded my obligation to the Rev. 
Dr. Hastings Rashdall of New College, and to Dr. Edwin 
C. Clark, F.S.A., Regius Professor of Civil Law at Cam- 
bridge, for notes upon the curious frontispiece to the Oxford 
Computus Manualis of 1519-20 ; as also my debt of gratitude 
to Miss A. F. Parker, Miss Jessica Lewis, and Mr. Alfred 
Rogers, for work done in Oxford, in London, and at Cam- 
bridge respectively : but I must not let slip this opportunity 
without expressing my thanks to the Rev. T. Vere Bayne, 
Keeper of the Archives, and to Mr. Hart, the Controller of 
the University Press, as well as to those who have been 



viii PREFACE 

engaged in printing, reading, and revising the pages of the 
following work. 

To the Rev. Henry Anstey's Munimenta Academica I am 
(as writers on this subject cannot fail to be) very considerably 
indebted, as also to Mgr. H. Denifle, O. P., and to M. Chatelain, 
Librarian at the Sorbonne, for their work upon the Archives 
of the Mother University of Paris. M. Leopold Delisle, 
Mr. F. Bickley, Assistant Keeper of the British Museum MSS., 
Mr. Francis Jenkinson, the Rev. Hugh F. Stewart, Chaplain 
at Trinity College, Cambridge, Dr. Montague Rhodes James 
(principally through his books), .Mr. James Bass Mullinger. 
and Mr. Henry Littlehales have also rendered us valuable 
assistance. Other librarians at Cambridge, Mr. C. W. Moule 
at Corpus Christi College, Dr. Reid and Dr. Venn at Gonville 
and Caius, Dr. Sinker, the Librarian at Trinity, and, not least, 
Mr. William White, the Sub-librarian of forty-eight years' 
standing, whose activity as an octogenarian is the envy of 
many of his juniors, have all been most kind in ministering to 
my researches. 

CHR. WORDSWORTH, 

ST. PETER'S RECTORY, MARLBOROUGH, 
St. Lawrence Day, 10 Aug., 1904. 



OXFORD HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 
VOL. XLV. 

ANCIENT KALENDAR AND COMPOTUS MANUALIS. 



ERRATA 

{Frontispiece and p. 1 10.) 

Mr. PERCY MANNING has pointed out to me that the object depicted 
beneath the penknife in the frontispiece reproduced from the Compotus 
Manualis printed at Oxford in 1519-20, which I supposed (p. no) to be 
a tawse or knout, is more likely to have been intended to represent an ink- 
horn attached by thongs to a pen-case, for slinging at the girdle. 

Such an ink-holder and pen-case is represented (i) in stone on a shield 
upon the tomb of James Souch, 1503, at Christ Church, in the Cathedral; 

(2) on a brass (whence the name is lost) of the same period, at New College ; 

(3) on a brass which commemorates Thomas Heron, 1517, at Little Ilford, 
Essex. See also Haines, Monumental Brasses, i. p. Ixxxv. A similar object 
appears on the desk beside a student in the woodcut-title to the Equivoca of 
psuedo-Garlandia, 1505: 'Multorum vocabulorum equivocorum interpre- 
tatio Magistri Johannis de Garlandia.' 

CHR. WORDSWORTH. 



p. 1 1 8, line 5 from bottom, strike out the -words 'English,' and 'over 
Robert Bruce.' 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 

PAGE 

PREFACE v 

TABLE OF CONTENTS ix 

Six 3carlg <ff>rforl) 3XalctxDar (from a MS. at Trinity College 1 , 

Cambridge), cir. 1337 xiii-xxv 

NOTES ON Horae malae AND OTHER ENTRIES IN THE FRENCH 

FOURTEENTH- CENTURY KALENDAR .... xxvii-xxxii 

THE 'OXFORD UNIVERSITY CALENDAR,' 1809 .... i 

'TEN- YEAR BOOK,' 1863 i 

SHEET ALMANAC, 1673. DR. ALDRICH. Printed on silk . . i 

M. BURGHERS, D. LOGGAN, G. VERTUE, DR. DUCAREL . i, 2 

SYNOPSIS, &c., 1637 2 

Ri. PYNSON'S Almanack Ephemerides, 1506-7. Cisio lanus . 2 

DIAGRAMS OF THE HAND 5 

Computus Manualis . . . .... . ... 6 

FOUR DIAGRAMS 6-8 

THE COMMISSARY'S AND PROCTORS' BOOKS IN THE OXFORD 

UNIVERSITY ARCHIVES 9 

THE OBLITERATED PASSAGES 9 

WHAT OUR TEXT is 13 

FOURTEENTH-CENTURY KALENDAR FOR OXFORD MERIDIAN . 13 
CHAUCER, 'ON THE ASTROLABIE,' MENTIONS I. SOMER AND 

N. LENNE 13 

lo. SOMUR'S MS. AT ST. JOHN'S COLL., CAMBRIDGE . . 13 

CHARACTERISTICS OF OXFORD UNIVERSITY CALENDARS . . 14 

De veteri Calendario omisso, 1634 16, 18 

Cyclus Praelectorum 17 

Encyclopedia, seu Orbis Literarum, 1635 17 

Synopsis, sev Epitome Statutorum, 1635 17 

Parecbolce, sive Statuta Selecta, 1638, c. 17 

Non Dis DAYS, &c. ANT. WOOD'S Historia, 1674 . . . 18 

Placebo et Dirige 18 

SOME MSS. OF THE OLD KALENDAR 19 

OUR AUTHORITIES, KYRFOTH'S PRINTED Computus, AND THE 

ARCHIVES MSS 20 

1 Documents printed here in full are distinguished in this Table of Contents 
by IB (Englislj type. 



x TABLE OF CONTENTS 

PACK 

A FOURTEENTH-CENTURY MS. AT TRINITY COLLEGE, CAM- 
BRIDGE (see pp. xiv-xxxii) 20 

THE OBITS AND COMMEMORATIONS NOTED IN IT . . . 21 

THE cista de Neel 22 

OXFORD TERMS AND VACATIONS, Resumptio and Cessatio . 24 

THE DATE WHEN THE COMMISSARY'S KALENDAR WAS COMPILED 25 

OF CERTAIN NOTES AND ENTRIES IN THE KALENDAR . . 26 

ST. SCHOLASTICA, H. HERCLAY'S MASS, ST. ELOY ... 26 

Le fe DAYS 27 

VACATIONS. Non le DAYS. DYSSES 29 

CAMBRIDGE NOTES, 1556-7. BEDEL STOKYS .... 29 

IMPORTANCE OF THE KALENDAR OR COMPUTUS, J. DORNE . 32 

A LECTURE SUBJECT 33 

MS. AT ST. JOHN'S COLLEGE, THIRTEENTH CENTURY, WITH 
FIFTEENTH-CENTURY NOTES BY A MAGDALEN COLLEGE 

MAN 33 

Resumptio and Cessatio 35 

MS. KALENDAR OF UNIVERSITY COLLEGE, cir. 1400 ... 38 
MS. KALENDAR OF ORIEL COLLEGE, A.D. 1397, EDITED BY 

DR. SHADWELL 40 

THE BEDEL'S BOOK (8vo RAWL. 662) AND ITS PRINTED KALEN- 
DAR WITH MS. NOTES 42 

5The ftcfcd's Salenbar, cir. 1505-30 45~57 

THE BEDEL'S MEMORANDA: BIDDING THE BEDES ... 58 

OBITS, &c 60 

De Feodis Tabula, FOR DEGREES IN CIVIL AND CANON LAW . 63 

RECEIPTS FROM INCEPTORS, &c., 1566-7 64 

Commigsarfi's HaUn&ar 68-79 

Junior ^roctor'0 SSalenDar (left-hand pages) ) 
Senior proctor'* Halentar (right-hand pages) ) 

DIVERGENCES FROM SALISBURY USE 104 

THE Computus Manualis in Us'um Oxoniensium . . . 107 

Libellus Sophistarum ad vsum Cantibrigien., 1523 . . . 108 

Libellus Sophistarum ad vsum Oxonien., 1530 . . . . 108 
ON THE FRONTISPIECE OF THE Compotus Manualis ad vsum 
Oxoniensium. OBSERVATIONS BY DR. H. RASHDALL AND 

DR. E. C. CLARK no, in 

LIST OF PRINTED EDITIONS OF THE Computus Manualis (1486- 

1529) 113 

DESCRIPTION OF SOME EDITIONS (1493, 1505, 1511) . . .114 



TABLE OF CONTENTS xi 

PAGE 

THE ' CISIOIANUS ' AND ITS VARIATIONS .... 116-19 
LOCAL 'USES' REPRESENTED IN THE KALENDARS . . . 118 
Computus Manualis secundum usum Cantebrig, . . . . 119 
THE KALENDAR REPRESENTED IN THE OXFORD Computus 

(1519-20), WITH PYNSON'S VARIATIONS (1506-7) . . 120-132 

THE DIAGRAMS OF HANDS 133-4 

THE CHARTS OF ZODIACAL SIGNS, GOLDEN NUMBERS, AND 

SUNDAY LETTERS 134 

MANUSCRIPTS OF THE Computus IN LONDON AND AT CAM- 
BRIDGE ... 135 

OF THE TITLE Computus OR Compotus 135 

A LIST OF AUTHORS AND WRITINGS De Computo . . 136-48 l 
INTRODUCTION TO Computus Manualis 'AD VSUM OXONIEN.' 

A.D. 1519-20 149-50,154-6 

THE ' COMPOUNDE MANUELL' (1506) 149 

THREE RECENSIONS OF THE Computus Manualis . . . 149 

COPIES SOLD BY J. DORNE, BOOKSELLER, 1520 . . . . 150 

STUDY OF THE Computus REQUIRED BY COUNCILS, &c. . . 151 
ETYMOLOGY OF Computus OR Compotus . . . . -151 

Manus Dei, &C., USED FOR RECKONING 152 

PRECEPTS ATTRIBUTED TO AUGUSTINE, BEDE, AND EGBERT . 152 

SARUM COMPUTUS MANUALIS [PARVUS] 152-4 

COMPUTUS CUM COMMENTO 153 

'SECRETYS OF THE KALENDER' i55 

TABLE OF CONTENTS OF THE 'COMPOTUS MANUALIS AD USUM 

OXONIENSIUM' 157-8 

2Et of tl)c ' ompotus |Hanualt0 afc bsum <&.TGimngiu'm,' 

5 FEB., 1519-20 . 159-75 

' trio ami$ 3pt ' 166 

IMPRINT: C. KYRFOTH, OXON. I5i9(-2o) 175 

NOTES EXPLANATORY OF THE OXFORD COMPUTUS . . I7O~94 
PRELIMINARY NOTE TO THE ANCIENT KALENDAR OF PARIS . 195 

ANT. WOOD'S REMARKS 195 

LINES BY MICHAEL BLAUNPAYN THE SCHOLARS' PETITION 

FOR VACATIONS OR HOLIDAYS, CIR. 1250 . . . . 196 2 
S&alenDar of tljc Hntbcrsttji of ^arte (FOURTEENTH TO SIX- 
TEENTH CENTURY) i97~ 2I 5 

CJJmbersitB i&alenfcat FROM THE SENIOR PROC- 
TOR'S BOOK (LATE FIFTEENTH CENTURY) . . . 216-27 
1 See also pp. 249-53. 2 See below, p. 255, a fuller text. 



xii TABLE OF CONTENTS 

PAGE 

COMPARATIVE TABLE OF OXFORD, CAMBRIDGE, AND PARIS 

KALENDARS 229-43 

NOTE ON THE TERMS AND VACATIONS FROM ARCHIV. E. 1604 243 
ADDITIONAL NOTES 244-56 

INDEX OF FESTIVALS, &c '. 257-64 

INDEX OF OXFORD MASSES, BENEFACTORS, VACATIONS, &c. 265-70 

INDEX OF OXFORD LOAN-CHESTS, &c 271-2 

INDEX TO THE PARIS KALENDAR 273-5 

INDEX TO THE CAMBRIDGE PROCTOR'S KALENDAR . . . 276-8 
SUPPLEMENTARY INDEX OF SAINTS, &c., IN THE FOURTEENTH 
CENTURY FRENCH KALENDAR, IN MS. Trin. Coll. Camb., 

R. 14. 29 279-80 

GENERAL INDEX . . . 281-93 



ILLUSTRATIONS IN FACSIMILE 

PAGE 

FRONTISPIECE OF KYRFOTH'S OXFORD 'COMPUTUS' (Feb. 1519-20). 

A Teacher lecturing. Cf. pp. 110-12,159 frontispiece 

FOUR DIAGRAMS FROM PYNSON'S ' ALMANACK EPHEMERIDES ' (1506-7) : 

(i) Manus sinistra pro parte exteriori (lettered A, B, C) ... 7 
(ii) Manus sinistra pro parte exteriori (lettered 'Filius Esto Dei Celum 

Bonus Accipe Grates ') 7 

(iii) Manus sinistra pro parte interiori (lettered ' Fructus Alit Canos 
[Et] . . . ' ; ' Et Genitrix Bona Dat . . . ' ; ' Dat Flores Anni 
Color . . . ,' and ' Cambit Edens Grifo Boabel ...'). 8 
(iv) Manus sinistra pro parte exteriori (lettered ' . . . Galli[ca] 
Belli[ca] Danos ' ; ' . . . Finis Amara Cadat ' ; ' Eius Gaudia 
Busti'; and '... Dicens Fluet Augur.') 8 

DIAGRAM OF 'MANUS SINISTRA PRO PARTE EXTERIORI' (lettered 
' A, B, C '), with lines 1-2 from the ' Cisio-Ianus ' of C. Kyrfoth's 
' Compotus manualis in vsum Oxoniensium] 1519-20 . To face 166 

ARMS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD (from the same), 1519-20 . 175 



Xlll 



AN OXFORD KALENDAR, A.D. 1337 

%* From an early fourteenth-century Kalendar of some French Use 
(Trin. Coll., Camb., MS. R. 14. 29), in which Oxford Notes have been 
inserted later in the fourteenth century. The writing of the Oxford 
insertions maybe somewhat later than 1337'; but it represents the 
kalendar of Oxford as it must have stood from 1337 to 1344, since 
it does not contain the obits of Neel, Vaughan, &c., which (cir. 1340- 
1403) appear in the Archives now at Oxford. 

1 It is perhaps only a coincidence that in the year 1337, to which (pp. 21-3") we 
assigned the Oxford insertions in the Trinity Coll. MS. upon independent grounds, 
Whitsunday fell upon June 8, the day on which it is somewhat arbitrarily placed 
in this kalecdar, on p. xix. However, the date there given for Easter Day (April 2) 
at p. xvii belongs to some such year as had never happened to occur since the 
Norman Conquest; and Ascension Day did not fall upon May 30 (p. xviii) 
until 1591 ! 



xiv AN (OXFORD} KALENDAR, A.D. 1337 

luna prima lannarij media node ascend' * 
lani prima dies et vij* fine timentur. 
lanus habet dies xxxj. luna -xxx. 

iij [i] A KZ Ian. Circumcisio domini D. eger. (viz. horaxj a > 

[2] b iiij Non. Oct. Sci. Stephani 

X J [3] c U J Non. genouefe uirg. Oct. S. lohannis 

[4] d ij Non. Oct. S. innocencij^ 

xix [5] e Nonas. Sci Symeonis confes. 

viij [6] f viij Id. (Epiphania dni) Sci melani. 

[7] 8 y ij Id. Luciani epi. Maxlani et iuliani mar. 
xvj [8] A vj Id. 
v [9] b v Id. 

[10] c iiij Id. Pauli heremite 

xiij [n] d iij Id. Relacio ihu de egypto 
ij [ta] e ij Id. 

[13] f Idus Oct. epiph. sci. hylarij & remigij epor. (le fe> 
x [14] g xix Kl. Febr. Felicis in pincis 

[15] Axviij Kl. 

xviij [16] b xvij Kl. Mauri abbatis 

vij [17] c xvj Kl. marcelli ('pape' erased) et mar. antonij abbatis 

[18] d xv Kl. Prisce uirg. 

xv [19] e xiiij Kl. launomari ('uirg' expunged] abbatis (non d.) 

iiij [20] f xiij Kl. fabiani et sebastiani mar. (non le) 

[21] g xij Kl. agnetis uirg. {le fe) 

xij [22] A xj Kl. (Sci vincencij martins non le.) 

j [23] b x Kl. {non di.) 

[24] c ix Kl. 

ix [25] d viij Kl. Conuersio sci pauli {non le) D. eger. (ho. vj a ) 

[26] e vij Kl. pollicarpi epi. et mar. Sci guillermi epi et conf. 

xvij [27] f vj Kl. Iuliani epi et conf. 

v j C 2 ^] g v Kl. Agnetis secunduw. 

[29] A iiijKl. 

xiiij [30] b iij Kl. 

iij [31] c ij Kl. 

Hie precedunt sedule patule parum vice versa retro- 
gradum fac una gradum redit altera uisa nona parit 
bellum sed v< dat hora flagellum 

t = sie. 

1 'ascend' or ' cactnditur'' is written for ' accenditur ' throughout this kalendar. 



AN (OXFORD} KALENDAR, A.D, 1337 xv 

Luna februarij in gatticantu ascenditur 
quarta subit mortem prosternit tercia for tern 
Febr. habet dies xxviij. luna 'Xxix. 

[i] d KLfebr. (See brigide virginis) (non d.) 

xj [2] e iiij Non. Purificacio beale marie, (non le) 
xix [3] f iij Non. Blasij mar. (et epi. le. fe.) 
y iij [4] S U Non. dies eger (viij a hora) 

[5] A Nonas Agate uirg. (et martins le. fe.) 
xvj [6] b viij Id. Vedasti et amandi epor. 
v [7] c vij Id. 
[8] d vj Id. 
xiij [9] e v Id. 
ij [10] f iiij Id. Scolastice uirg. 

[n] g iij Id. (non dis.) 

x [12] A ij Id. (Translacio see frideswide virginis. non le.) 

[13] b Idus 

xviij [14] c xvj. kV martij. Velentini mar. 

vij [15] d xv Kl. 

[16] e xiiij Kl. C nullus et octaue V dene dene-\ dixerit aue 1 . 

xv [17] f xiij Kl. Sauini epi et conf. 
iiij [18] g xij Kl. Symeonis epi et mar. 

[19] A xj Kl. ' Galli epi et conf.' 2 publij et iuliani mar. 
xij [20] b x Kl. Galli epi et conf. 
j [21] c ix Kl. (non d.) 

[22] d viij Kl. (Cathedra sci petri non le. missa pro anima 
dni ele de longespeie cum placebo et dirige 
in vig a .) 
ix [23] e vij Kl. (non d.) 

[24] f vj Kl. Victorini victor, mar. (Mathie apli. Locus 

bisexti. non le.) 

xy ij [ 2 5] g v Kl. Alexandri mar. 
vj [26] A iiij Kl. d. eg (xv hora) 

[27] b iij Kl. (non d.) 

xiiij [28] c ij Kl. (Translacio sci augustini non le.) 

Si paribus uel disparibus constant elemeniis Nomina 
pugnantum pars uincitur aggredientis Imparitas a\utem\ 
paritati si societur H'f* signum dato quod defensor 
superetur. 

1 A note found also in Missale Romanum, 1474. (l' = uel.) 
a St. Callus was first entered here prematurely : then struck out. 



xvi AN (OXFORD} KALENDAR, A.D. 1337 

lima marcij media nocte ascenditur 

Marcius prima necat cuius de cuspide 'iiij. est 

Marcius habet dies xxxi. /'. xix. 

iij [i] d KZ marcij. Sci albini confes. (Sci dauid confes. 

Dirige. non le. d'. eger. i. hora.) 
[2] e vj Non. (Sect cedde. non le. Missa pro anima magistri 

philippi turuil. et sunt ordinaciones.) 
xj [3] f v Non. 
[4] g Hij Non. 
xix [5] A iij Non. 

viij [6] b ij Non. (non d.) 

[7] c Nonas perpetue et felicitatis( Thome deaquino. non le.) 
xvj [8] d viij Id. 
v [9] e vij Id. 
[10] f vj Id. 

xiij [n] g v Id. (non d.) 

ij [12] A iiij Id. Gregory ('pape' erased} (non le. Missa pro 

h. de guldeforde.) 
[i3]b iij Id. 

x [14] c ij Idus leonis. prima nocet Wltum nulli 

dabit altera cwltum. 



[15] d Idus 






xviij [16] e xvij KL 


Apr. 




vij [17] f xvj Kl. 


(Sci patricij: confessoris. non le.) 




[18] g xv Kl. 


Sol in ariete. (Sci. Edwardi regis. le. 


fe.) 


xv [19] A xiiij Kl. 


(non. d.) 




iiij [20] b xiij Kl. 


(Sci Cutberti epi. non. le.) 




[21] c xij Kl. 


benedicti abbatis. Equinocium. (non 


le.) 


xij [22] d xj Kl. 






j [23] e x Kl. 






[24] f ix Kl. 


(non le.) 




[25] g viij Kl. 


annunciacio dominica. (non d.) 




[26] A vijKl. 






xvij [27] b vj Kl. 


Resurreccio dni. 




vj [28] c v Kl. 


d' e S er (ij a h ra -) 




[29] d iiij Kl. 






xiiij [30] e iij Kl. 


qtuo 6f pe'ca duo monos tres iuias vnus 




"j [31] f ij Kl. 


In dyas ambo fas unus indias $ duo monos. 



AN (OXFORD} KALENDAR, A. D. 1337 xvii 

luna aprilis in gallicantu ascenditur. 

denus et undenus est mortis wlnere plenus. 

Aprilis habet dies 'xxx. luna -xxix. 





[i] 


g 




KZ. 


Aprilis 


X J 


[2] 


A 


iiij 


Non. 


(Pasca) 




[3] 


b 


iij 


Non. 


(Sci Ricardi epi. non d.) 


xix 


[4] 


c 


ij 


Prid. 


Non. Sci. Ambrosij epi. {non le.) 


viij 


[5] 


d 


Nonas 


vltima incemio lune paschalis. 


xvj 


[6] 


e 


viij 


Id. 




V 


[7] 


f 


vij 


Id. 






[8] 


S 


vj 


Id. 




xiij 


[9] 


A 


V 


Id. 




ij 


[10] 


b 


iiij 


Id. 


(' D ' erased) 




["] 


c 


"j 


Id. 


leonis. (D'. j a . hora.) 


X 


[12] 


d 


ij 


Id. 






Ci3] 


e 


Idus 


Sci t eufemie mar. 


xviij 


[M] 


f 


xviij 


Kl. Mai. tiburcij ualerij et maximini mar. maij. 


vij 


[15] 


g 


xvij 


Kl. 






[16] 


A 


xvj 


Kl. 




XV 


[i7] 


b 


XV 


Kl. 




iiij 


[18] 


c 


xiiij 


Kl. 






[19] 


d 


xiij 


Kl. 




xij 


[20] 


e 


xij 


Kl. 




j 


[21] 


f 


*j 


Kl. 


d. (xj. hora) 




[22] 


g 


X 


Kl. 


Soceris ( { pape ' erased) et mar. et gaij (' pape ' 












erased) et mar. (non d.) 


ix 


[23] 


A 


ix 


Kl. 


Gregory mar. {non le) 




[24] 


b 


viij 


Kl. 




xvij 


[25] 


c 


vij 


Kl. 


Cleti martiris. marcellini (' pape ' erased}, mar. 












Marci euangeliste. {non le) 


V J 


[26] 


d 


V J 


Kl. 






[27] 


e 


V 


Kl. 




xiiij 


[28] 


f 


iiij 


Kl. 


Vitalis mar. 


j 


[29] 


g 


iij 


Kl. 


Petri mar. de ordine predicatorum. Roberti 



abbatis. 
[30] A ij Kl. Eutropij epi. {Dirige. non d.) 



xviii AN (OXFORD} KALENDAR, A.D. 1337 

luna maij mane ascenditur. 
Mains habet a", xxxi. f. xxx. 
Urdus in maio lupus est. et vij' 5 anguis 

xi [i] b KZ. maij. Phillipi et lacobi apostolorum et brioci epi 

et conf. (non le. Missa pro W. Gray.) 
[2] c vj Non. Inicium predicacionis xpi. (non d.) 
xix [3] d v Non. Inuencio see cruets. Alexandri Euencij. doli 

et theo. d. eger. (vj. hora) (non le.) 
viij [4] e iiij Non. 

[5] f "j Non. <non d.) 

xyj [6] g ij Non. lohannis ante portam latinam. (non le.) 
v [7] A Nonas 

[8] b viij Id. 

xiij [9] c vij Id. translacio S. Nicholai 
ij [10] d vj Id. Gordiani et epimachi v. mar. (Obit. Reginaldi 

bedelli cum placebo dirige) 
[n] e v Id. marci epi. 

x [12] f iiij Id. Nerei et achilei pancracij martyrum. 
[i3]g iij Id. Marie ad niues. Seruacij epi. (Semper 
quarta feria post trinitatem missa pro 
gilberto de Roubiry.) 
xviij [14] A ij Id. bonefacij mar. 
v fy [ I 5] b Idus (Inuencio see Frideswide.) 
[16] c xvij Kl. lun. Eugenie virg. et mar. 
xv [17] d xvj Kl. Sol in geminis. 

iiij [18] e xv Kl. 

[19] f xiiij Kl. potenciane virg. 
xij [20] g xiij Kl. baldelij mar. lunij. 
j [21] A xij Kl. 
[22] b xj Kl. 
ix [23] c x Kl. 

[24] d ix Kl. (Sci dominici confessoris. non. d.) 
xv 'j C 2 5l e v "j Kl. translacio beati dm. (Aldelmi. Sci Francisci 

conf. non le. ([D.] hora f x a .)) 

vj [26] f vij Kl. vrbani (' pape' erased} estas oritur (Augustini 
anglorum non le. Missa pro Gilberto de 
sco leopardo.) 

[27] g vj Kl. Augustini anglorum epi. 
xiiij [28] A v Kl. 
iij [29] b iiij Kl. Maximini epi. 

[30] c iij Kl. Ascensio domini. 

xj [31] d ij Kl. petronille virg. 



AN (OXFORD} KALENDAR, A.D. 1337 xix 

hma lunij tercia hora ascenditur. 

Denus palescit quindenus federa nescit. 

lunius habet dies xxx. hma -xxix. 

xix [i] e KZ. lunij. Nichomedis mar. 

viij [2] f iiij Non. marcellini et petri mar. 

[3] g "J Non. liphardi presbiteri * 
xvj [4] A Prid. Non. 
v [5] b Nonas (loh de bofis cordewener deuant la 

mostre en chaudebeke) 
[6] c viij Id. Sci anctonij conf. 

xiij [7] d vij Id. Gurgali epi. (non. d.) 

ij [8] e vj Id. medardi et gilardi episcoporum. penthec. (Sci. 

Willi epi. non le.) 
[9] f v Id. primi et feliciani mar. (Translaciosci. edmundi 

non le.) 
x [10] g iv Id. (non. d.) d. (ij hora) 

[n]A iij Id. barnabe apostoli. (non le) 
xviij [12] b ij Id. Basilidis -cirini- naboris et nazarij mar. 
v ij [ J 3] c Idus actonij conf. de ordine minorum. (SciAntonij 

confessoris. non le.) 
[14] d xviij Kl. lulij. Rufi et ualerij mar. 

xv [15] e xvij Kl. modesti et crescencie mar. (non d. Dirige.) 
iiij [16] f xvj Kl. (Ricardi epi. non le. Missa lang/0/z) d. (iiij a 

hora.) 

[17] g xv Kl. auiti presbiteri. Sol in cancro. 
xij [18] A xiv Kl. Marci et marcelliani mar. 
j [19] b xiij Kl. geruasij etprothasij mar. 

[20] c xij Kl. solsticium. 

ix [21] d xj Kl. leueredi abbatis. 

[22] e x Kl. albin mar. 

xvij [23] f ix Kl. vig'. (non d.) 

v j C 2 4] S v iij Kl. Natiuitas Sci lohannis bapt. (non. le. Dirige) 
[25] A vij Kl. (Missa pro h. herclay. le. fe.) 

xiiij [26] b vj Kl. lohannis et pauli mar. 
iij [27] c v Kl. 

[28] d iiij Kl. leonis. vig . 

xj [29] e iij Kl. petri et pauli apostolorum. 
[30] f ij Kl. Commemoracio scl pauli. 

pth loh de bofis, &c., a different hand. 
1 6th ' Ricardi epi.' over erasure. 



xx AN (OXFORD) KALENDAR, A.D. 1337 

luna iulij (' as ' expunged) media node ascenditur. 
terdecimus iulij mactat x 3 * labefactat 
lulius habet dies 'Xxxj. luna 



xix [i] g KZ. Iulij. Oct. beati lo. bap'. 

viij [2] A vj Non. process! marciani (/. martiniani) mar. 

[3] b v Non. 

xvj [4] c iiij Non. translacio sci martini. 
v [5] d iij Non. 

[6] e ij Non. Oct' apostolorum (Missa de cessacione de 

trinitate. non d.) 
xiij [7] f Nonas translacio (' S. Thome martiris ' erased) 

(non. le.) 
ij [8] g viij Id. Killiani mar. 

[9] A vij Id. effrem' confessoris 

x [10] b vj Id. vij. fratrum. 

[n] c v Id. translacio sci benedicti 
xviij [12] d iiij Id. felicis et naboris martirum 
vij [13] e iij Id. d. eger. (xj. hora) 

[14] f ij Prid. Id. focaci mar. et epi. 
xv [ J 5] S Idus diuisio apostolorum. 
iiij [16] A xvij Kl. Augusti. lustiniani epi. 

[17] b xvj Kl. Sol in leone. 

xij [18] c xv Kl. Clari epi. 
j [19] d xiiij Kl. arsenij epi. (non d.) 

[20] e xiij Kl. margarete uirginis (et martiris. non le.) 
ix [21] f xij Kl. praxedis virg. (non. d.) 

[22] g xj Kl. marie magdalene. non le. (D'. xj. hora.) 
xvij [23] A x Kl. appollinaris mar. 

vj [24] b ix Kl. xpine virg. (non. d.) 

[25] c viij Kl. lacobi apostoli et xfori et cucufatis (non le) 
xiiij [26] d vij Kl. 
iij [27] e vj Kl. vij. fratrum dormiencium. 

[28] f v Kl. Sampsonis epi. 
X J [ 2 9] g "U Kl- guill'i epi. et conf. felicis ('pape' erased} et mar. 

simplicij. 
x i x [3] A iij Kl. abdon et sennes mar. 

[31] b ij Kl. Germani epi et mar. (non. d.) 

Si pluat in festo processi martiniani 
maximus ymber erit et mortificacio grant 1 . 

1 Allowing for change from Old Style, this old saw corresponded with 
our c St. Swithin's day, if thou dost rain,' &c. (See below, pp. xxx, xxxi.) 



AN (OXFORD} KALENDAR, A.D. 1337 xxi 

luna augusti hora iiij a ascenditur 

prima necat for tern sternitque secunda cohortem. 

Augustus habet dies 'Xxxj. luna 'xxx. 

viij [i] c KZ. August^. Sci petri ad uincula. (non le) d. 

(prima hora) 

xvj [2] d iiij Non. Stephani (' pape ' erased) et mar. 

v [3] e n j Non. Inuencio S. Stephani 

[4] f ij Non. lustini presbiteri. 

x "j [5] g Nonas Sci dominici 

ij [6] A viij Id. Sixti (' pape ' erased) et mar. (Transfig'aciodfii.) 

[7] b vij Id. donati epi et mar. 

x [8] c vj Id. Ciriaci sociorumque eius. 

[9] d v Id. Romani mar. vig' (non d.) 

xviij [10] e iiij Id. passio sci laurencij. {non le.) 

vij [u] f iij Id. tiburcij mar. 

[12] g ij Id. (dies mala inter x. et xj. horam) 

xv [13] A Idus Ipoliti mar. sociorumque eius. 

iiij [14] b xix Kl. Septembr. Eusebij conf. vig (non d.) 

[15] c xviij Kl. Asupcio beate marie, (non le) 

xj [16] d xvij Kl. 

j [17] e xvj Kl. Oct. Sci. laurencij. Sol in virgine. 

[18] f xv Kl. agapiti mar. 

ix [19] g xiiij Kl. dedicacio ecclesie sci saluatoris. 

[20] A xiij Kl. bernardi abbatis. 

xvij [21] b xij Kl. auptomnus oritur. 

vj [22] c xj Kl. octab. S. marie. Thimotei et simphoriani. 

[23] d x Kl. timothei et appolinaris martirum. (non. d.) 

xiiij [24] e ix Kl. bartolomei apostoli. (non le) 

iij [25] f viij Kl. genesij mar. 

[26] g vij Kl. 

X J L 2 7] A vj Kl. Ruffi mar. 

xix [28] b v Kl. Augustini epi. (non d.) 

[29] c iiij Kl. decolacio S lohannis bap. (non le) 

v iij [3] d U J Kl. felicis et adaucti mar. (D'. vij. hora.) 

[31] e ij Kl. 



xxii AN (OXFORD, KALENDAR, A.D. 1337 

luna septembris hora ix a ascenditur. 

tercia septembris et denus fert mala membris. 

\September habet dies .xxx. luna .xxixJ\ 



xvj 


CO 


f 


KZ. Septemb'. Egidij abbatis. prisci mar. (le fe.) 


V 


[2] 


g 


iiij 


Non. 


anctonini mar. 




[3] 


A 


i'j 


Non. 


remacli epi et conf. d'. (xvij a hora) 


xiij 


[4] 


b 


ij 


Non. 


marcelli mar. 


ij 


[5] 


c 


Nonas 


berbini t abbatis finis canicularium 




[6] 


d 


viij 


Id. 


humberti epi et conf. 


x 


[7] 


e 


vij 


Id. 


Ewrcij epi et conf. (non d.) 




[8] 


f 


V J 


Id. 


natiuitas see marie, (non le) Adriani mar. 


xviij 


M 


g 


v 


Id. 


Gorgonij martiris 


vij 


[10] 


A 


iiij 


Id. 






["] 


b 


iij 


Id. 


prothi et iacincti martirum. 


XV 


[12] 


c 


ij 


Id. 




iiij 


[13] 


d 


Idus 




[14] 


e 


xviij 


Kl. Oct. Exaltacio Sancte cruets. Corneli et cipriani. 


xij 


[15] 


f 


xvij 


Kl. 


Oct. S. Marie. 


j 


[i 6] 


g 


xvj 


Kl. 


Eufemie uirginis. 




[i7] 


A 


XV 


Kl. 


Lamberti epi et mar. 


ix 


[18] 


b 


xiv 


Kl. 


Sol in libra 




[19] 


c 


xiij 


Kl. 




xvij 


[20] 


d 


xij 


Kl. 


amandi epi. vig* . equinocium. (non. d.) 


V J 


[21] 


e 


X J 


Kl. 


mathei apostoli et euang. (non le) d. eger. 












(iiij a hora) 




[22] 


f 


x 


Kl. 


Mauricij sociorumque eius. 


xiiij 


[23] 


g 


ix 


Kl. 


tecle uirginis. 


iij 


[24] 


A 


viij 


Kl. 






[25] 


b 


vij 


Kl. 


firmini epi et mar. 


X J 


[26] 


c 


V J 


Kl. 


cipriani epi. et mar. et iustine 


xix 


[27] 


d 


v 


Kl. 


cosme et damiani martirum. 




[28] 


e 


iiij 


Kl. 


S. Eucardus epc tur iij *. (non d.) 


viij 


[29] 


f 


iij 


Kl. 


Michaelis archangel! in monte gargano. (non le) 




[30] 


g 


ij 


Kl. 


leronimi presbiteri (le fe.) 



1 Sep. 28. Read, perhaps, ' S. Euerardns t^iscopus tornacensts iij9.' (Everard, 
third bishop of Tournay, died 28 Sep. 1191.) 



AN (OXFORD} KALENDAR, A.D. 1337 xxiii 

luna octobris inter nonam et vesperam ascenditur. 

Urdus et d\en\us est sicut mors alienus. 

October habet d". xxx. L. xxix. 

xvj [i] A KZ. Oclob. Remigij geminiani vedasti episc oporum. 
v [2] b vj Non. leodegarij mar. 

[3] c v Non. felicis uictoris et casti martirum. d'. (viij a hora) 
X U [4] d iiij Non. (Natal' beati Francisci confessoris de ordine 
fratrum minorum et fundator eiusdem ordinis 
et primi coministri. ix. lee.) l 
ij [5] e iij Non. flauine uirg'. 

[6] f ij Non. See fideis t uirg. et mar. 
x [7] 8" Nonas Marci (' pape ' erased} 

[8] A viij Id. Marcelli et apuelei mar. 
xviij [9] b vij Id. dyonisij sociorumque eius. (le. fe.) 
vij [10] c vj Id. Natal' pauli 2 epi (Missa de resumpcione de 

sco spiritu) 

[n] d v Id. (non d.) 

xv [12] e iiij Id. Nicasij sociorumque eius. (Sci edwardi regis. 

non le.) 
i"j [ J 3] f iij Id. nouemb. michaelis angeli in monte tumba. 

[14] g ij Id. Calisti. 

xij [15] A Idus leonardi abbatis. S. Sabine. 
j {16] b xvij Kl. Nov. 

[17] c xvj Kl. Sol in Scorpione. (non d.) 

ix [18] d xv Kl. Luce euang. (non le) 

[19] e xiiij Kl. Amati epi et conf. (See Frideswyde virginis. 

non le.) 
vj [20] f xiij Kl. Caprasij mar. (le. fe.) 

[21] g xij Kl. hylarionis monachi 

xiiij [22] A xj Kl. Mellionis epi. et conf. d'. eger. (ix a hora) 
iij [23] b x Kl. romani epi. et conf. 

[24] c ix Kl. martini abbatis. 
xj [25] d viij Kl. crispini et crispiniani martirum. 
xix [26] e vij Kl. translacio amanti epi et conf. 

[2*7] f vj Kl. Rictudis virg. (Vigilia. non d.) 
viij [28] g v Kl. Symonis et lude apostolorum. (non. le.) 

[29] A iiij Kl. 
xvj [30] b iij Kl. 
v [31] c ij Kl. Quintini martiris. [vigilia. non d.] s 

res est in nemore nigro uestita colore 
si capud abstuleris res erit alba nimis. 

1 Octob. 4 ' Natal' beati Francisci,' &c., a different hand. ? early fourteenth cent. 

2 S. Psiulinus of York, and S. Paultnus of Capua, are both commemorated on 
Oct. loth. See p. xxxii. 

3 Octob. 31. I add the note ' [vigilia. non d.].' See Nov. i. 



xxiv AN (OXFORD) KALENDAR, A.D. 1337 

lima nouembris in vespere ascenditur 
Scorpius et v 5 et tercitis ad mala uictus f 
Nouemb' habet d. xxx. L xxx. 

(vigilia. non d.) 





[i] 


d 




KZ. 


Nouemb'. festiuitas omnium sanctorum, (nonle) 


xiij 


[2] 


e 


iiij 


Non 


. Commemoracio fidelium. Eustacij sociorumque 












eius(non le.) 


ij 


[3] 


f 


iij 


NOE 


.. Hub'iti conf. et epi 




[4] 


g 


ij Non. 


x 


[5] 


A 


Nonas 


d'. (iij a hora.) (non d.) 




[6] 


b 


viij 


Id. 


leonardi abbatis. melani epi. (non le) 


xviij 


[7] 


c 


vij 


Id. 


Willebrordi epi hyemps oritur. 


vij 


[8] 


a 


V J 


Id. 


iiij or coronatorum. (non le) 




[9] 


e 


v 


Id. 


theodori martiris 


XV 


[10] 


f 


iiij 


Id. 


martini ('pape' erased} et conf. (non d.) 


iiij 


["] 


g 


iij 


Id. 


martini epi tercij. mennemar. (nonle. Dirige.) 




[12] 


A 


ij 


Id. 


liuini epi et mar. (Missa pro w. le grey) 


xij 


[13] 


b 


Idus 


bricij epi et conf. (le fe.) 


J 


[M] 


c 


xviij 


Kl. 


Decemb. 




[15] 


d 


xvij 


Kl. 


Macuci epi. (non d.) 


ix 


[16] 


e 


xvj 


Kl. 


(Sci Edmundi archiepi non le) 




[i?] 


f 


XV 


Kl. 


Aniani epi. Sol in Sagiltario. ( Sci hugonis. 












non le) 


xvij 


[18] 


g 


xiiij 


Kl. 




vj 


[ip] 


A 


xiij 


Kl. 


Odonis abbatis (non d. ) 




[20] 


b 


xij 


Kl. 


(Sci Edmundi regis et martiris non le) 


xiiij 


[21] 


C 


X J 


Kl. 


Columbani abbatis mauri mar. 


j 


[22] 


d 


x 


Kl. 


Celiceie t uirg. (le fe.) 




[2 3 ] 


e 


ix 


Kl. 


dementis (' pape ' erased} felicitatis (non le. 












Missa pro Ela comitissa) 


X J 


[24] 


f 


viij 


Kl. 


Grisogoni mar. (non d.) 


xix 


[25] 


g 


vij 


Kl. 


Katerine virg. (non. le) 




[26] 


A 


V J 


Kl. 




viij 


[27] 


b 


vKl. 


lini (' pape ' erased] 




[28] 


c 


iiij 


Kl. 


maximi epi. et conf. d'. (v a . hora) 


xvj 


[29] 


cl 


iij 


Kl. 


Saturnini martiris. vig' (non d. Missa pro 












elyanora regina.) 


v 


[30] 


e 


ii 


Kl. 


Andree atostoli. ^non. le^ 



Andree festo uicinia t ordine couis t 
Aduentu dm prima collit t feria. 

t Read ' vicinior . . . quovis . . . colit.' 



AN (OXFORD} KALENDAR, A.D. 133? xxv 

luna decembris inter mediam noctem et vesperam ascenditur 

dat duodena cohors vijque xque decembris. 

december habet dies xxxj. luna *xxx. 

xiij [i] f KZ. Decemb' . Crisanti. mauri. darij. 

ij [2] g "U Non. 

[3] A iij Non. 
x [4] b ij Non. (Dirige} 

[5] c Nonas (non. d. Missa pro lohanne de pontois.) 

xviij [6] d viij Id. Nicholai eft. (non le.) 

vij [7] e vij Id. Ambrosij epi. ordinacio (Oct. sci andree. 
le. fe. [<f] ij. hora) 

[8] f vj Id. Concepcio beate marie (non le.) 

xv [9] g v Id. 

iiij [10] A iiij Id. 

[n]b iij Id. 

xij [12] c ij Id. 

j [ J 3] d Idus Geruasij et prothasij. lucie virg' (et martins, 
le fe.} 

[14] e xix Kl. Ian. Nichasij epi. 

ix [15] f xviij Kl. Maximini epi. 

[16] g xvij Kl. barbare uirg'. 

xviij [17] A xvj Kl. Ignacij epi. (Missa pro henr' de lacy.) 

vj [i 8] b xv Kl. 

[19] c xiiij Kl. 

xiiij [20] d xiij Kl. (vigilia. non. d.) 

iij [21] e xij Kl. thome apostoli (non. le} 

[22] f xj Kl. d'. (vj a hora.) 

xj [23] g x Kl. 

xix [24] A ix Kl. vigilia. 

[25] b viij Kl. NataV dm. Anastasie uirg' 

viij [26] c vij Kl. Stephani prothomartiris. 

[2 7] d vj Kl. lohannis apostoli et euang. 

xvj [28] e v Kl. Sanctorum innocenciu. 

v [29] f iiij Kl. 

[3] g "J Kl. 

xiij [31] A ij Kl. Siluestri (' pape ' erased} 

quere nouam lunam post la. fe. mar. a. maij. nonas 
vj * bis inde dyas bis vij. bis deca. thetras 
si cadat in luce dni suppone sequentem. 
1 i. e. quinque. See below, pp. 45 n., 46. 



XXV11 



NOTES 

ON THE HORAE MALAE IN DIEBUS AEGRIS, AND 
OTHER MEMORANDA IN THE FOREGOING EARLY 
KALENDAR (Trin. Coll. Cant. R. 14. 29). 

WE have elsewhere (pp. 190-1) spoken of the 'Egyptian days,' dies aegri, or 
dies mali (or malae, as on p. xxi), which are specified in the lines found at the 
head of each month (as on pp. 46-57, 68-79, 198-214) in several of the kalendars 
printed in this book, and more briefly indicated in the two lines ' ^u-^urio afi-res ' 
(or '^/e-nes') i.e. p. 173, lines 235-6. They are entered also, but on the specific 
days themselves, in the fourteenth-century kalendar here prefixed (pp. xiv-xxv). 

It does not appear to have been found that the whole of each of these days 
(somehow connected with the not Ten, but Four and Twenty Plagues of Egypt) 
was unlucky ; or at all events it was generally agreed that some hour in each of the 
several days (the hour, in fact, when the plague was supposed to have been sent 
in Egypt) was more fatal than the rest. Durandus promised some observations 
on the unlucky hours ' in fine operis,' but I do not find that he redeemed his promise 
in the Rationale^-. 

(I.) A memoria technica, indicating the unlucky hours in each Egyptian or evil 
day, is given in the Oxford Computus, on p. 173 below, lines 238-9 ; viz. : 

' Men-/a.lus, zl-/ud, (h)<z 3et, OT-7atus,_/i-/ia,/i-</us. 
Mi-mus, a-git, ce-afet (al. '.fe-ofet'), e-/z'zos, ze-/horus, au^/ert.' 

The letters beginning the first and second syllable in each word of the twelve 
words in this couplet, which letters we have printed in italics, have a numerical 
value, but the commentators differ to some extent in their interpretation, and elicit 
from it somewhat different lists of the unlucky hour in each of the twenty-four ill 
days of the year, two in each month, one towards the beginning, and the other 
reckoned from the end, ' retrograde.'' 

(II.) Pynson's Almanack Efhemeris, 1506-7, as we state on p. 191, distinctly 
says that we are not to drop the letter ' h? in reckoning the hours, in the lines 
' menfalusj &c., though we are (as all agree) to discard it in finding the dies 
aegri by the help of the lines ' Augurio decies? &c. 

His commentary on 'Menfalus,' &c. is this: 'In istis duobus versibus sunt 
xii dictiones, mensibus deseruientes, prima, primo, secunda, secundo, &c. Unde per 
primam litteram prime syllabe cuiuslibet dictionis habemus in qua hora Deus misit 
plagam super Egiptiacos a capite mcnsis. Et per primam secunde syllabe habeamus 
in qua hora Deus misit plagam super Egiptiacos in fine mensis. Verbi gratia, 
Men-f&lus est prima dictio que desemit iannario. accipiamus .m. que computando est 
duodecima llttera in alphabeto. Ergo in xii. hora misit Deus plagam in Egiptiacos 

1 Rat. Divin. lib. VIII. cap. iv. 10. In VIII. vi. 2 Durandus seems on the 
point of resuming the subject. But in his last chapter he laments his avocations. 



xxviii NOTES ON THE FRENCH KALENDAR (T.) 



in prima die l Egyptiaco ianuarii. Similiter in prima littera secunde syllabe 
eiusdem dictionis, que est :f. et est sexta in alphabeto. Ergo in .vi. [hora] misit 
Deus plagam super Egiptiacos in septima " die ianuarii in fine computando retrograde, 
ita quod .h. pro littera computatur. Et sic de aliis. Quod autem sint decem 
plage principales patet per hos versus, Prima, rubens undo, [ut infra, p. 191]. 
Ordo est, ' ^/en/alus ' est pro primo mense, scilicet pro ianuario, et sic de aliis.' 
(Almanack Ephemerides, 1506-7, If. 33.) 

Thus according to Pynson's interpretation the unlucky days and hours are on : 



horae malae. 

Jan. ist xij. 

Jan. (7th) 3 = 25th .... vj. 

Feb. 4th ix. 

Feb. (3rd) = 26th .... xj. 

Mar. ist j. 

Mar. (4th) = 28th .... ij. 

Apr. loth j. 

Apr. (nth) = 20th .... xij. 

May 3rd vj. 

May (7th) = 25th .... xj. 

June loth vj. 

June (I5th) = i6th .... iiij. 



horae malae. 

July 13th xij. 

July (ioth) = 22nd . . . . xij. 

Aug. ist j. 

Aug. (2nd) = 3oth .... vij. 

Sept. 3rd iij. 

Sept. (ioth) = 2ist .... iiij. 

Oct. 3rd v. 

Oct. (ioth) = 22nd .... xj. 

Nov. 5th (al. 6th) * ... xxiij. 

Nov. (3rd) = 2 8th .... xv. 

Dec. 7th j. 

Dec. (ioth) = 22nd . ... vj. 



(III.) But apart from the memoria technica (' Menfalus illud habet,' &c.) we 
have the horae malae indicated in other ways. Thus at the foot of the pages in 
the kalendar of the earliest printed Missale Romanum, Milan, 1474 (H. Bradshaw 
Society's reprint, 1899), we find this series of twelve lines (which I have partially 
emended) relating to the ' evil hours ' of the several months : 

' Prima parit bellum : sed quinta dat hora flagellum. 
Nullus et octaue uel dene dixerit aue. 
Prima nocet mul turn \ : nullum dabit altera cult urn 5 . 
Prima petit tellis \ quern nona requirit Apr//is. 
Sexta minus sordet, cum uulnera dena remordet. 
Ledit quinta cutem : nullam dat quarta salutem. 
Est lupus vndena : pariter quoque nona leena. 
Cuspide prima ferit, quam septima perdere querit. 
Tertia Septembris et quarta dabunt mala membris. 
Quinta dat Octubris \ que nona uenena colubris. 
Est octaua canis : fore quarta uidetur inanis. 
Prima parit luctum : nullum dat septima fructum.' 

1 This is indicated by such lines as give the dies Egyptiacos: 'Prima dies 
mensis et septima truncat ut ensis,' ' lani, Prima dies et septima fine timetur ' (i.e. the 
7th from the end of the month, or in other words January the 25th. In the 
memoria technica likewise ' /fu-^urio ' indicates the ist and the 7th by the letters 
A and^v 

2 (7th) and other numbers in parentheses are reckoned retrograde from the end 
of the month. 3 The "jth/rom the end. See preceding note. 

4 '/er-nila,' in the memoria technica, gives the days in November as the 6th 
and (3rd from the end, or) 28th. But the preferable reading is ' es-cnla. ' giving 
the 5th and 28th. * See above, p. xvii (Mar. 14). 



HORAE MALAE IN DIEBUS AEGR1S xxix 

The numbers thus indicated are 1,5; 8, 10 ; 1,2; 1,9; 6, 10 ; 5, 4; 11,9; 
J i 7 5 3> 4 5 5> 9 ! T > 7- Comparing these with the columns derived from Pynson's 
' Almanack Ephemerides] we find one portion of five consecutive numerals 
August (both hours), September (both hours), and October (the former one), 
identical in the two. As to the dies aegri themselves, the same days are noted 
in the (corrected) verses of Missah Rom. 1474, at the head of the page, as in the 
'Augurio decies' and the 'Prima dies mensis,' with the exception only of December. 
I will give as a specimen the lines for January, February, November and December 
from the Roman Missal : 

'Prima dies lani timor est et septima vani. 
Alterius mensis post quartum tertius ensis (&c.). 
Quinta Nonembris obest : nulli lux tertia prodest. 
Hoc dat bissena decimi quod septima dena.' 1 

Here Missale Rom. (1474) gives Dec. 12 and 17, in place of the ist and 7th. 

We can only suppose that different versifiers found different days in December 
unlucky, and that experience taught them that the hours specified in ' 71/en/alus,' 
&c., were not so baleful as certain others in their own experience. 

(IV.) But when we turn back to the kalendar which we have printed on 
pp. xiv-xxv, from the Trinity College Cambridge MS. R. 14. 29, we find that 
the days, the dies aegri, are noted in the almanac itself (i. e. as the days them- 
selves occur in the course of each monthly page), in the original hand as the book 
was first written, probably in France 1 . But the hours, the horae malae, have 
been subsequently added in the fourteenth century, whether at Oxford or not 
I cannot say. There is, moreover, at the top of each page one line of the 
corresponding series relating to the Egyptian days, which begins: 

' lani prima dies et septima fine timentur,' 

And in three other months this kalendar gives lines different from the series 
' Prima dies mensis ' with which it is mainly in agreement. 

' Marcius prima necat : cuius de cuspide quarta est.' 
' Tercius in Maio lupus est, et seftimus anguis.' 

' Dat duodena cohors septemque decemque Decembris,' which is found in the 
works ascribed to the Venerable Bede {Opera, i. 467. See Hampson, Medii Aevi 
Kalendarium, ii. 108). These, however, give the same ill days as those printed in 
double columns on p. xxviii. But where the lines are applied there is a slight 
discrepancy. On p. xvii the two April Egyptian days apparently of set purpose, 
as there is a sign of alteration are each placed one day later than by other 
authorities. But it is principally with the unlucky hours that we are here con- 
cerned, as they may have been inserted after the book fell into an Englishman's 
(perhaps Oxonian's) hands, although the writing is coarser than that in which the 
academical entries are written. The latter I have ascribed to 1337 ; the entries 
of dies malae are entered in a scribble, which reminds me of some writing as early 
as 1280 in a Lincoln Chapter ancient register, but may, in the case before us, be 
a good deal later. 

1 Although Caudebec on the Seine is incidentally mentioned in a memorandum 
see p. xix at June 5th, I doubt if the book originally related to the arch-diocese 
of Rouen. Some entries point to Tours. But then there is no mention of St. Gatien 
(or Gratianus), the patron of that see. We must seek for a St. Sauveur's church. 
See p. xxi (19 Aug.). Cf. p. xxxii. 



xxx NOTES ON THE FRENCH KALENDAR (T.) 

The series of horae malae, printed on pp. xiv-xxv above, runs thus : 
Jan. xj.f yj. ; Feb. viij.f xv.* ; Mar. j. ij. ; Apr. j. xj.f ; May yj. x.f; June, ij.* 
iiij. ; July, xj.f xj.* ; Aug. j. vij. ; Sept. xvij.* iiij.; Oct. viij.* ix.* ; Nov. iij.* v.*; 
Dec. ij.* yj. 

I have marked with an asterisk or an obelus those cases where there is a dis- 
crepancy between the Trinity College MS. R. 14. 29 (or ' T."} and the ' Menfalns' 
rule as interpreted in Pynson's Almanack Ephemerides. This leaves ten cases out of 
twenty-four where the two authorities agree : a sufficient proportion to make us 
think that they started from the same original. When we go further, and consider 
the six cases which I have obelized, we find that in each of them the hour in 
Pynson's book is one unit in advance of the Trinity College MS., and that all 
these cases are concerned with numerals higher than 8. I should account for 
this simply by supposing that the annotator of T. believed that the letter ' h ' was 
to be discarded in the interpretation of ' Menfatus,' while Pynson's commentator 
decided otherwise. On this supposition, we have a virtual agreement with the letter 
of the ' Menfalus ' rule in sixteen cases out of twenty-four. Further, the word ' ce- 
afet ' which serves for horae malae in the month of September (see p. 173, line 239 
of Computus) and yields the numerals iij. iiij. is printed ' je-afet,' by Pynson, which 
would give (instead of iij.) xviij. (or xvij. if we reject ' h' in our series). And xvij. 
(or 5 p.m.) is the hour stated by 7'., so that we get seventeen virtual coincidences 
between T. and Pynson's book. The cases of October and November, with the 
strange words ' -/izos,' or ' e\-izos ' ( = v. xj., or omitting ' h,' v. x. ; or else v. x., 
al. v. ix.) and 'ae-^hirus' ( = xxiij. xv. ; or xxij. xiiij.) are among the perplexing 
discrepancies. The hours as given in T. would require two words with their 
first syllables beginning i- k- (or h- *'-) and c- e-, respectively. 

(V.) One or two remarks in conclusion may be made respecting the Trinity 
College MS. Kalendar. 

At Feb. 1 6 there is inserted the line: 

'Nnllus et octaue uel dene dixerit ane.' 

The reader will here recognize the second of the lines about the horae malae, 
printed from the Roman Missal of 1474, on p. xxviii above. At the foot of the 
same month (p. xv) are four lines beginning ' Si paribus uel disparibus? These 
I suppose are a prognostication of ordeal, to be elicited from the even or uneven 
number of letters contained in the names of two combatants, or ' pugnantesj the 
' aggrediens? and the ' defensor! 

Against the I4th day of March (p. xvi) we find : 

' Prima nocet vultum : nulli dabit altera cultnm ' (see p. xxviii, .), 
which, in agreement with other authorities, again gives j. and ij. as the horae malae 
for March. The lines at the foot ' qttatuo(i) et peca' (? deca) give a series of numbers, 
4- 10?. 3. i. 3. ?-, i 

2. 2. 3. ?2. 2. I. 

which I can neither decipher satisfactorily nor explain. 

On May 30 (littera c.), with F for the Sunday letter of the year, is given as 
a date for Ascension Day. On July 7 (p. xx) the name of St. Thomas of Canter- 
bury has been erased, doubtless after the book had been brought into England, and 
possibly not until the year 1538. At the foot of the same month, but with reference 
to July 2, Old Style, are the prognosticating lines which we may translate 
'On Saint Processus and Martinian's, rain 
Presageth deluges and rotting grain.' 



ST. SWITHIN'S DAY xxxi 

It is noticeable that St. Swithin had a commemoration on that day, as well as 
his feast on the I5th. But the popular story about the forty days' rain falling 
when his Translation was at first attempted, cannot, so far as I know, be traced 
back beyond one or two centuries. It is a curious fact, that the change to New 
Style made the I5th equivalent to the 2nd recently : so the observation of a 
long spell of rainy weather, or else a continuance of fine days, at that time of 
year, may be traced further back than the connexion with St. Swithin's Translation. 
In France there are two proverbs which make July ist, and June 8th, rule the 
weather : 

'Quand il pleut le St-Cales, 
II pleut quarante jours apres,' 
And 

' Quand il pleut pour St-Me"dard, 
II pleut quarante jours plus tard.' 

On August 6 (p. xxi) the feast of the Transfiguration was introduced in 1457. 
It is noticeable that nothing is said in MS. T. about the Feast of the ' Most Sweet 
and Holy Name of Jesus,' which was introduced about the same period, perhaps 
a few years later in the fifteenth century. Besides its usual monthly allowance of bad 
days and hours, August has here, on the I2th, a 'dies mala inter x. et xj. horas? 
At the foot of the month of October (p. xxiii) is what appears to be a riddle : 
'Res est in Nemore nigro uestita colore. 
Si capud abstuleris, res erit alba nimis.' 
The answer may be ' cor-nix. 

Among ' redils ' in Arundel MS. 507, is, ' cor-nix est alba, si cor tollatur ab ilia.' 
Horstman, E. E. Writers, i. 427. 
At the end of November : 

'Andree festo vicinior ordine quouis 

Aduentum Domini prima colit feria.' 

This answers to the rule in the Book of Common Prayer : ' Advent Sunday is 
always the nearest Sunday to the Feast of St. Andrew whether before or after.' 
At the end of December (p. xxv) there are three lines : 

' Quere nouam lunam post la. Fe. Mar. A. Maij nonas.' 
' Quinque bis; inde dyas ; bis septem ; bis deca; thetras. 
Si cadat in lucem Domini, snppone sequentem.' 

This rule (which we find also on p. 46, below) means, as the Provost of Queen's 
has explained to me, that by looking out for the new moons next after Jan. 5, 
Feb. 5, March 7, August 5, and May 7, respectively, and adding in the successive 
cases the number of days indicated, viz. : 5x2 = 10; 2; 2x7 = 14; 2x10 = 20; 
and 4, you will arrive at (i) the eve of Septuagesima (when 'Alleluia' is last heard 
before Easter), (2) the First Sunday in Lent, (3) Easter Day, (4) Whitsunday, and 
(5) Rogation Sunday. If, however, your terminus a quo (the New Moon) itself 
happens to fall on a Sunday, then ' suppone sequentem,' i. e. reckon from its 
morrow instead, or else the rule will mislead you. 

Most of the saints' names included in the Trinity College Cambridge MS. of 
the fourteenth- century French kalendar, adapted subsequently for Oxford use, will 
be found in Paris, Oxford, and Cambridge kalendars indexed below, on pp. 257-64, 
in Index no. I. For the benefit of such of our readers as may be interested in 
kalendars generally we print (on pp. 279-80) a supplementary index (no. VI) of 
the other saints, &c., which are found in T. but are not included in the Academical 
Kalendars. 



xxxii NOTES ON THE FRENCH KALENDAR (T.) 

Some French ecclesiologist will, no doubt, be able to decide upon the provenance 
of our Kalendar. Besides a few feasts of universal note marked by the use of red 
ink, the following are in like manner distinguished :S. Guillermus (26 Jan.), 
Peter M., O.S.D., 1252 (29 Apr.), Brieuc Ep. C. (i May), Antony, C. (6 June), 
Gervais and Protais, MM. (19 June ; see also, 13 Dec.), Guillelmus, Ep. C. (St. 
Brieuc, A. D. 1237, July 29), ad Remy, Geminien and Vaast, or Vedast (i Oct.). 
Other noticeable days are the 'Natale' (? accession day) of a certain Bishop Paul 
on the loth of October 1 , and the 'Dedicatio ecclesie sancti Salvatoris* on the 
igth of August. This last is not the basilica of the Lateran in Rome, which 
appears in some kalendars, for that was upon Nov. 9th. A few cathedral churches or 
dioceses bear the title of St-Sauveur for patronal or dedicational honour, viz. Vabres 
(nearClermont), where was a bishopric from 131710 1796, Sarlat(\nth S. Sardos), 
a see 1318-1801, Aix en Provence (with the Transfiguration). There is a church 
of St. Saviour at Dinan, also at Caen (dio. Bayeux). And in De Mas Latrie's 
Trfsor several monasteries of St. Salvator are mentioned on pp. 1916-17 ; in the 
diocese of Vannes, Auxerre, Cambrai, St. Omer (at Ham), Coutances (Petraponte 
and le Vicomte), Toul (and en Vosges), Chalons-sur-Marne (de Vertus). Others 
at Nevers, Aries (with St. Honoratus), Carcassonne, Mans, Andre, Antwerp, Blaye, 
Evreux, Limoges, Lodeve, Marseilles, Narbonne, and Nimes. 

1 I am inclined, on the whole, to think that the term ' natale ' in this case is not 
the date of a bishop's accession, but is used, as on the 4th Oct. on the same page 
(xxiii, su^ra), as equivalent to ' depositio* (camis), or birth to bliss. We shall 
perhaps not be wrong in understanding ' pauli epi' to be equivalent to ' Paulini 
episcopi,' our own Paulinus of York, and his namesake, Bp. of Capua, being alike 
commemorated on loth Oct. in the martyrologies. The name 'Paul' seems to be 
most rare among French bishops, and among the few that there were, I have not 
been able to ascertain that either of them was enthroned in October. 



ANCIENT KALENDAR 

OF 

THE UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD 



EVER since the year 1809 (when John Walker of New College 
edited it on its first appearance) 1 the ' OXFORD UNIVERSITY 
CALENDAR ' has been issued annually. 

A list of ' University Ceremonies and Remarkable Days at Oxford,' 
which for many years has been set out in full almanac form, as the 
' Almanac, with Calendar of University Ceremonies and Remarkable 
Days,' lends its name to the portly volume which comprises also 
a large accretion of useful or indispensable information, with lists of 
university officers, class lists, historical notes, &c. &c., forming as time 
went on a corpus which in a former generation was so considerable 
and so unwieldy that in 1863 much of this complementary matter was 
swept away into another post-octavo volume, called the Oxford Ten- 
Year Book. This left the Oxford University Calendar still a volume 
of respectable and reasonable thickness. 

The kalendar in its simpler form appeared in 1673 as a sheet 
almanac (as well as in 8), and from that year onward. 

Before 1723 the Oxford Almanack was surmounted by emblematic 
devices 2 , which Dean Aldrich was famous for contriving. In 1676 
or 1677 some copies were printed on handkerchiefs, as A. Wood 
mentioned in a letter dated Dec. 13, 1677*. The series of these 
famous sheet almanacs has been steadily continued to the present 
day, with the exception only of the single year 1675. 

Jn 1694-5 Michael Burghers (or 'Burgesse'), who succeeded 

1 John Walker, born in 1769 or 1770, St. Katharine Cree, London, was Scholar 
of Winchester in 1783. LL.B., Fellow of New Coll. 1788-1820. Vicar of Horn- 
church. Editor of Oxoniana, 4 vols. lamo, 1808 ; Collections from the Gentleman's 
Magazine; Oxford Herald, 1806. The Cambridge University Calendar has 
appeared annually since 1796 (omitting only the year 1798). 

* Oxoniana, 1808, i. p. 178. (This is sometimes ascribed to Dr. P. Bliss.) 

* Wood's Life and Times, iv. 84. Dr. Shadwell has (I understand) an Oxford 
almanac of 1757 printed on silk, the allegorical subject referring to the gift of the 
Pomfret Marbles. The engraving is in Skelton, plate 59. 

B 



2 ANCIENT OXFORD KALENDAR 

David Loggan as university engraver in 1692, received a payment 
' for the almanack V The famous architectural views of Oxford, 
which still at the Clarendon Press maintain their reputation, were 
introduced as a novelty in i723 2 . From that year, when G. Vertue 
was engaged by the university, he continued the series to 1756, when 
he died. In 1745 Dr. Ducarel formed a collection of these Oxford 
Almanacks, with the engraver Vertue's aid ; it passed into Cough's 
hands, and was by him given to the University of Oxford*. 

Although for a time the Cambridge Press became a favourite resort 
for the almanac-makers, Oxford was in early days very famous as 
a centre for such calculations and productions. 

Thus we find noticed among Oxford books : 

Synopsis Anni Christi 1637. Sive Diarium Astronomicum, &f Pro- 
gnosticon Aslrologicum $ Meteorologicum . . . Per loannem Wyberdum, 
Philosophicum, Astronomophilon. 16. 1636 4 . 

Almanack : Sive Prognosticon Astrologicum & Diarium Meteoro- 
logicum, Vel Speculum Anni M.DC.xxxviii. . . . Calculated for the 
Meridian of the Honourable Citie of London. Autore lohanne 
Bookero Astroph. 16. 1637*. 

An Almanack for the yeare of our Lord 1637 . . . Referred to the 
famous Universitie and Citie of Oxford ; but may indifferently serve 
for any other place within this Kingdom. By Thomas Cowper. 12.' 

Pynson's 'Almanach Ephemerides ' : 1506-7. 

It was with reference to the meridian of Oxford that the noted 
printer Ri. Pynson in 1507 had printed in 8 the little Computes 'per 
Wylhelmu/ Red ' (or Rede) 7 , which we will now describe. 

1 A series of Cambridge University Almanacks was engraved from 1801 to 1855, 
the engravings and designs being drawn by Baldry, Barker, the Burfords, R. B. 
Harraden, Hollis, Bartlett, Kearnan, Storer, Backhouse, Challis, Basevi, Cockerell, 
Dodgson, and Rudge. After 1855 some of the older engravings were repeated. 
See J. Willis Clark, Archil. Hist. Camb. I. pp. cxxx-cxxxiv. 

1 See British Museum Catalogue of Early Printed Books, art. Ephcmeris. 

3 Nichols, Lit. Anted, vi. 150 n. Cf. viii. 250, 405. Oxoniana, 1808, i. 
178-80. 

* See F. Madan, Early Oxford Press, p. 203. s Ibid. pp. 195-6. 

' Ibid. pp. 197-8. A remarkable MS. Kalendar, with Cosmography (finished in 
1408), which was given by John Foxton, chaplain to the priory of the Trinitarian 
Order for Redemption of Captives, at Knaresborough, is now in Trinity Library, 
Cambridge, MS. R. 15. ai. The Kalendar (as Dr. M. R. James shows) is of York 
use, and the almanac professes to be 'ad meridiem universitatis, quod suppositum 
est per .16. minuta hore precise precedere meridiem.' This would be Cambridge, 
I suppose. 

T ' W. Red ' is no doubt W. Reade, Fellow of Exeter and Merton, who became 



PYNSON'S 'ALMANACH EPHEMERIDES ' 3 

Pynson's device, with borders, occupies If. i a , If. i b ; below this is his 
autograph, Rychardus Pyson, hm'us scriptor. 

C Almanack Ephemerides In Anno domini .M.d.vii. in latitude 
Oxonia .ii. xxviii. id 9 1' Menet' in longitude .xv. xxviii. id 9 in Europ. 
durabit ad annos futures : M.d.xix. et finis . & cet. 1 

C There is A generall rule for the coniuncions and oppositions of the 
sone and the mone. Rekyn frome meridionall to meridionall. Example, 
the coniunctions is the .xiii. daye of Januarij, the .xix. houre, and 
.xxxvii. minut. And that wylbe wennysday in the mornynge at .vii. 
of the clocke .xxxvii. minute. And that wylbe .xxiii. minutes tofor 
.viii. of the clocke and soo do ye Rekyn for euery Coniunction and 
opposition . & cet. 

1507. In anno christi .m.d.vii. 

Coniunctio. 

Menses^ dies hora minuto. 

lanuarius xiii. xix. xxxvii. 

Februarius xii. xii. ' xlviii. 

Marcius xiiii. vi. xx. 

Aprilis xii.. xxiii. iii. 

<&c. &c. &c. &c.) 

December iiii. xv. xlvi. 

Septuagesima .xxxi. die lanuarii. 

Pascha .iiii. Aprilis. 
2 C Primacio ix. littera dominicalis G. 

Oppositiones. 

Mensis dies hora minuto. 

lanuarius vi. xx. Iii. 

Februarius v. xiiii. xxxv. 

<&c. &c. &c. &c.> 

Eclipsis tune. 

lulius ii. xvii. iiii. 

Augustus i. o. ix. 

Augustus xxx. viii. xiiii. 

(&c. &c. with similar calculations for subsequent years, down to 1519, 
occupying the whole of sig. a. which ends ' Per wylhelmuj Red.') 

Bishop of Chichester 1369-85. He drew up an Oxford almanack and tables about 
1340-8. See Bodl. MS. Digby 176, Camb. Univ. MS. Ii. i. 27. There is also 
a MS. of his Tabulae Oxonienses in the Sloane collection. 

1 Brit. Mus. C. 20. a. 33. f = sic. 

* If. a. = a.iij (a.ij. A.D. 1506-7, lost from the unique copy in Brit. Mus.). 

B 2 



4 ANCIENT OXFORD KALENDAR 

The remaining two sheets (eights), and five odd leaves are occupied 
by a treatise in Latin verse with a lengthy commentary : ' In parte 
precedent! auctor facit mentionem de bissexto: hie determinat de 
ipso. Et diuiditur ista pars . . . {ending on If. 36 b ) ... que littera erit 
dominicalis pro predictis ultimis festis mobilibus.' 

This is virtually the same work as the metrical Compoius manualis 
of which we shall have to speak later, and which will be found printed 
below ; but Pynson's book adds a prose gloss or exposition in small 
type after each paragraph of the verse treatise, as do some other 
editions. 

The set of verses Cisio lanus adopted by Pynson belong to a 
different kalendar or ' Use ' from that which appears in the Oxford 
Comprius. Both sets will be found in our pages. Pynson (fo. 17) 
assigns to each month one syllable of the mystic lines 

1 A. Z>am. De. Ge. JBa.t 
-fir. Go. Ci. Fos. A. Dri. Fos.' 

which are the original of our old friend 

' At Dover dwells George .Z?rown .Esquire, 
Good Christian /aith, And Ztoctor Fryai.' 

which tell us on which Sunday letter the kalends of each of the twelve 
months fall. 

The following prose gloss explicatio, on the passage '. . . ordo 
requirit' (lines 146-7 of the verse compoius), will give a fair specimen 
of Pynson's commentary, and of the ordo which was a feature of 
the classical editions in usum Delphini at a later period. 

Brit. Mus. C. 20, a. 33. f. 2O b ' ordo requirit.' 

f. 31. In parte precedent! auctor fecit mentionem de illis que faciunt ad prima- 
tionem lune. In ista parte docet valorem illius. et diuidit in duas partes. 
In prima parte docet inuenire primam lunam siue etatem lune in quolibet 
mense per versus festis disceruientesf. et in secunda parte docet auctor 
idem per epactas et regulares lunares. Secunda pars Per ires iuncturas l . 
Item ilia in duas. primo facit quod dictum est. secundo rectificat. Se- 
cunda maiori numero*. Adhuc prima in duas. primo rectificat. Secundo 
ponit quamdam regulam siue exceptionem. Secunda. sed facienda locis 3 . 
in prima parte dicit auctor quod si nos velimus scire primam lunam in 

1 Per ires iuncturas, see line 158 of the Compotus manualis. I have indicated 
by italics those portions of the metrical text which this passage of the ' explicatio ' 
and ' ordo ' elucidate. In the original there is neither change of type nor the 
parentheses, which in the early days of printing served the purpose of inverted 
commas to help the reader. * Maiori numero, line 148. 

8 sed facienda locis. See line 150. 



PYNSON'S 'ALMANACH EPHEMER1DES 1 5 

aliquo mense debemus capere versus deseruientes festis fixis illius mensis 
de quo querimus. et situate vbi est attributio per illos versus videlicet 
Bina. ia, mar} verbi gratia, isti duo versus Ci. si. o. ia. nus. e. pi? 
deseruiunt ianuario ergo debemus situare primam syllabam primi versus 
supra secundam iuncturam auricularis s locando semper super quamlibet 
iuncturam unam syllabam donee veniamus ad illam iuncturam supra 
quam ponitur aureus numerus illius anni. et supra illam iuncturam 
est prima luna et quot fiunt iuncture a principio illius mensis vsque ad 
numerum aureum tot erunt dies a principio illius mensis vsque ad primam 
lunam. verbi gratia Quando habemus sexdecim pro aureo numero luna 
primatur octauo die ianuarii. et nota quod in tali numeratione debemus 
computare radicem et supra radicem pollicis. Unde a principio lune 
(quod crementum dicitur) vsque ad primam lunam dicuntur esse quinque 
dies inclusiue et vsque ad plenam lunam sunt fere quindecim dies. 

Ordo est. *st vis inquirere. id est. cognoscere iuncturis. id est 
per iuncturas primam lunam. id est. primationem lune infundas. 
id est. situes digitis versus deseruientes mensi de quo queris (qui 
enumerati sunt in ilia parte Ci. si. o. ia. nus. etc.). velut. id est. sicut 
ordo mensium requirit situando in loco in quo dictum est menses situari 
in ilia parte. Taliter impones. et cetera 6 . 

Diagrams of the Hand. 

The human palm and fingers have been found (as we say) handy 
not only for signalling, for depicting and for writing, but as a portable 
span or measure, and for weighing and counting. I will not venture 
to say whether the decimal or quinary system was the consequence 
of our having twice five fingers, or whether the number of our digits 
is a consequence of some eternal principle; but there can be no 
question that the human hand has been a ready and serviceable 
partner not only in the simpler reckonings of daily life, but also in 
the more abstruse calculations and computations which (for instance) 
' the inconstant moon ' and the laws of musical harmony necessitate, 
as well as in matters of still higher interest 6 . 

1 Bina . ia . mar. See line 142. 

2 Ci .si.o.Ia. nus . e . pi. The opening of the memorial lines 94-1 1 7, 
which indicate on what day of each month each holy day falls. Thus ' [Circum]- 
ci . sio' and ' E . pi[phanie] ' are the first and sixth syllable of the Janus or 
January month. 

3 ' secundam iuncturam auricularis ' : the second joint of the little finger, as 
shown in the diagram, which does not relate to ' palmistry,' as the British Museum 
Catalogue supposed. (' Palmistria [Salomonis] ' with sinistra femelle and dextra 
masculi occur, apparently twice in a single volume of the Gale MSS. at Trinity 
College, Cambridge, O. 2. 5, ff. 259-60, and 388-90.) 

*~ 5 Si vis . . . requirit. Taliter impones, Sec. Lines 146-7, and 141. 
A note in a thirteenth-century MS. (B. 14. 39) at Trinity College, Cambridge 
(the first part of the 'codex consutus, Coll. Trin. Camb.' of Hickes's Thesaurus), 



6 ANCIENT OXFORD K A LEND A R 

The Computes Manualis (or hand-kalendar) hence derives its name. 
The manner in which it was employed for finding the movable 
feasts, &c. will be understood from the text and notes printed below. 
It will be enough here to give the four figures, cut for Pynson's 
' Almanach ' in 1 506. They bear upon the finger-joints (iunciurae) 
the memorial lines 

(i) /llius esto Dei relum 3onus accipe gratis 
(ii) (iii) /ructus alit ranos JEt ^allica <5elli[ca] <fanos 
E\. ^-enitrix fona da.1 /"inis omara radat 
Dal /"lores <mni c olor mis ^audia 3usti 
Cam&t ttfens gr\fo foabel die ens /~lu<?t augur l . 

(iv) A. B, C. 

It will be seen that no. (i) is differently ' imposed ' on the palm and 
closed fingers of the hand in Kyrfoth's Compolus, where two figures are 
devoted to this memoria technica for finding the Sunday Letter of 
successive years according to their place in the solar cycle. There 
is a rather different version of these lines in Brit. Mus. MS. Harl. 955, 
which I have printed as an appendix to the Directorium Sacerdotum 
ii. 608, for the Henry Bradshaw Society, 1901-2. 

The letters A. B. C. are imposed on the closed finger-joints in 
Kyrfoth's Compoius. He supplies an open palm for the rest of the 
Sunday letters, and possibly there was another figure of the same 
character in Pynson's Almanach, as the one known copy is imperfect. 

attaches subjects of self-examination to the thumb and four fingers. See Dr. 
M. R. James's Catalogue, i. 441. So also in the thirteenth-century miscellaneous 
collection in the same library, B. 15. 38, art a, ff. i46 b -9, there are diagrams of 
four hands, illustrating religious duties. Somewhat similar is the large fifteenth 
century Manus meditationis, with inscribed labels, ' Nescis quantum quocies 
Deum offendisti ' ; ' Meditari debes quod, Finis tuus amarus est Vita tua brevis 
est, &c. Cum peccato,' &c., on the pew now in the N. transept of Bishops 
Cannings Church, Wilts., which has been variously described as an open shriving- 
pew, a Carrell, or studying-pew, or a clerk's or schoolmaster's seat. The pew, 
however, is probably later than the painted panel. See Wilts. Archaeol. Mag. vi. 
147 ; xix. 1 36. There are also two diagrams of hands in the Trin. Coll. Cam. MS. 
R. 15. 21, f. 20, from Knaresborough, written in 1408. I have a little 8 TO manual, 
' Familiare Ckricorum, Venetiis, apud Franciscum Bindonum, 1561,' wherein 
fo. 5*, before the Tonale, shows an open hand with tonic sol-fa gamut on thumb 
and fingers. On the palm is a 4-line musical staff, ' C naturam dat F B molem G 
quoque quadrum.' With the phrase ' Sancte Cherubim, doce me cantare' 

1 When writing my first note on p. 609 of Directorium Sacerdotum I failed to 
notice that each word in the line ' Cam-^it e-d&a&J &c., consists of at least two 
syllables, and that the initial letter of the last syllable in each word has to be taken 
into account, as well as that of the first : so that we get the series of dominical 
letters for bissextiles, CB. ED. GF. BA. DC. FE. AG. 



THE OLD OXFORD KALENDAR OF THE 
FOURTEENTH CENTURY 

FROM THE ARCHIVES OF THE UNIVERSITY 

IN 1868 Mr. Anstey prefixed to his Munimenta Academica (edited 
under the direction of the Master of the Rolls) a ' Calendar ' which 
gives a general notion of those in the Commissary or Chancellor's and 
Proctors' Books. It is a convenient and comprehensive compilation 
for many purposes, in spite of a few omissions, but it is of very little 
use to us in an investigation of the relative dates of the component 
parts of the kalendar, nor does it show (as a rule) from which of the 
MSS. the individual entries are derived. 

The Council of the OXFORD HISTORICAL SOCIETY have desired that 
the kalendar in the Commissary's (or Chancellor's) Book (MS. A) in 
the University Archives should be printed as it stands, so that it may 
be read without any additions from the later MSS. C and B, &C. 1 Also, 
that the original text of MS. A, so far as it can be deciphered, should 
stand out clearly, and that any later insertions should be indicated by 
the use of small type, as has been done with excellent effect in 
Dr. Shadwell's privately printed text of the College Kalendar of Oriel. 

MSS. C and B similarly treated, are printed next with the months 
face to face for comparison. 

The Obliterated Passages. 

I have spoken of a text ' so far as it can be deciphered.' 
It is an unfortunate fact that about twenty-eight entries, some of them 
being (possibly) entries made by the original scribe in the body of the 
text, and a larger number of entries added by him, or by later hands, 
in the margins of his columns, have been most effectually blotted out in 
a rude and ruthless way. 

So far as my experience of MSS. goes, this obliteration may 
have been effected in either of two ways. I am well acquainted with 
certain pajes of more than one valuable MS. which an historical 

1 I have added, however, at the foot of the fage, as notes to the 'A ' text, the 
Oxford entries in the Trinity College, Cambridge, MS. ' T' (viz. R. 14. 29), 
because it appears to be the earliest and simplest text of all (cir. 1340). 



io FOURTEENTH-CENTURY KALENDAR 

writer (not long since deceased) with more zeal than knowledge has 
rendered absolutely illegible, and (so far as applied chemistry has at 
present enlightened us) perpetually illegible, by the application of 
a preparation of nut-galls. I have never seen the performance of this 
experiment (and I trust I may never witness it on any writing of the 
slightest importance) but I have often heard ihalfor some brief time 
faded writing is thereby wonderfully revived but after that (as I can 
witness) ' total eclipse : all dark.' 

As regards our kalendar A, the passages so roughly smeared may 
have been spoilt by some antiquary of former days. But then what 
trace is there of the fruits of his nefarious magic ? If he took this 
trouble, why has he not left the transcript of what he presumably read 
(and spoiled for posterity) on one page, before he repeated the experi- 
ment? Surely if he failed in one or two cases, and in them found that 
he had defeated his own purpose at the moment, he would not have 
dared to go through all the other columns of the kalendar, and then to 
the remainder of the statutes and records, working the same worse 
than useless havoc. As will be seen from the footnotes, there is not 
much difficulty in conjecturing to what matters nine-tenths of the lost 
entries referred. But then there are a few of them where the galls 
were unequally applied, and in these just enough of the text can be 
made out to recover one or two entries, or three or four consecutive 
words. However, while these fit in very well with my conjectures as 
to the substance of the entries which have been thus maltreated, never- 
theless the phraseology in which it is expressed points to a verbally 
different text from what, so far as I have hitherto been able to observe, 
is recorded in any of the other MSS. which I have seen. 

Perhaps I ought here to mention that there is (at July 27)* an 
entry which is now so faint that Mr. Anstey overlooked it (' Dedicacio 
ecclesie beate Marie '), but which was legible in A. Wood's days 2 . This 
at first sight might be thought to point to some obliteration by an 
eighteenth- or nineteenth-century vandal. I must, however, record my 
conviction that the entry in question is not one of those which were 
maltreated with galls, but that it was erased under the Act of Henry VIII 
in 1536, when, e.g. the great printed Breviary of 1531 (in Exeter 
College) had the national dedication day entered in MS. at the top 
of the October page in its kalendarium. 

1 Not ' 27 June,' as Wood inadvertently calls it. A. Wood's City of Oxford, ed. 
A. Clark, ii. 16. 

1 I read it recently with the help of a magnifying-glass, and I find that Dr. Shad- 
well also has observed it 



THE OBLITERATED PASSAGES n 

There is, however, another suggestion which may be put forward to 
account for the black obliterations. 

In June, 1534, the name 'ascribed to the bishop of Rome' was 
ordered to be put out in all service-books and kalendars. In February, 
1541-2, and again in February, 1542-3, on the motions of Cranmer 1 , 
further alterations were made in a Protestant direction ; and Bishops 
Goodrich of Ely and Capon of Salisbury were commissioned to see that 
the obnoxious or ' superstitious' entries were annulled. This was effected 
in various ways. In a few instances a leaf could be removed, occasion- 
ally a pen was simply drawn across to cancel the condemned passage, 
sometimes an erasure was made with a penknife, more often inquisitor's 
ink was rubbed over it. This was usually of a red colour, but 
occasionally I have seen blackened passages in old English service- 
books which seem to betoken the use of galls, or a plentiful effusion 
of ink. I have at this moment in my study one MS. and three printed 
books of Sarum use. These are a Missal in MS. of the beginning 
of the fifteenth century, and a Pye, a Missal, and a Prymer or Horae 
in print. The MS. has had the name 'papa' and 'Thomas' (the 
martyr) merely erased with a knife, and then the names inked-in 
again by a papistical hand under Philip and Mary, no further can- 
celling having been at any time effected. At King Edward VI's 
reformation the MS. the Hambleton Missal, which has been lent 
by Mr. H. H. Peach appears to have been successfully hidden 
in a farm-house in Leicestershire (old Lincoln diocese) until it was 
discovered just fifty years ago. 

Of the three printed volumes now before me, a copy of Horae B. V. 
Mariae has escaped the inquisitors altogether; the Pye has had the 
name of St. Thomas of Canterbury drawn through with a pen where 
it has been noticed. The kalendar is lost in my copy, but ' papa,' which 
rarely occurs in the text of the Pye, has not been observed. The 
Missal has the word 'papa' simply erased, and the same treatment has 
usually been meted out to Becket's name and services, but where this 
has not sufficed black ink has been drawn over it with a pen or stick, 
and the Good Friday prayers for the pope are inked. In the canon 
of the mass ' papa ' is erased and the adjoining words are inked. For 
the indulgences to the mass Recordare> first erasure and then cancelling 
with black ink has been applied. But in the parallel passages in 
certain M3S. inquisitor's black will sometimes be observed. 

As the passages obliterated in the kalendar of the Oxford Commis- 
sary's Book appear to relate to dirges and masses of the dead, it 
1 Feb. 17, 1542, and Feb. a, 1543. 



12 FOURTEENTH-CENTURY KALENDAR 

seems natural to suppose that they were blotted out, because they were 
considered to be superstitious. In fact I can only think of one other 
supposition, namely that they had first been rendered faint by 
some sort of washing out or partial rubbing out, and that then in 
comparatively modern times an antiquary applied galls because he 
found that they had become faint under the inquisitor's hand. It is 
hardly credible either that any one who was working as a transcriber 
should not have tried his hand upon some other class of entries and 
have rendered them black, or that only just this class of entries should 
have become difficult to read while all the black-letter saints, &c., had 
remained clear enough for his purposes, unless indeed some deliberate 
attempt had been previously made to render them all alike illegible, or 
in some way to abrogate them. The antiquary of our latter hypothesis 
must have been dealing with passages obliterated by a Protestant and 
not by Father Time. 

We have, however, one other consideration to take into account. 
While my theory of an inquisitorial blackening in the sixteenth century 
accounts satisfactorily for the elimination of these passages in the 
kalendar : will it hold good likewise for similar blackening of sentences 
in the statutes which are entered upon the later pages of the volume ? 
My impression (after the brief inspection that Mr. Madan and I had 
time to give to that part of the volume) is, that this supposition may 
account for some of the eliminations, for instance (on fo. 73), the 
inscription on a tablet in St. Frideswyde's l , but not perhaps for all. 
However, I must leave the investigation of this matter to some who are 
resident in Oxford, and who can find leisure to examine the manu- 
script on some bright day in summer, with younger eyes, as well as 
a good magnifying-glass to help them. 

One other theory has occurred to my mind : that the book, both in 
the kalendar and in the body of the statutes, may have been overhauled 
at the time of the Laudian codification, and obsolete ceremonies and 
ordinances may have been thus blotted out by an unrelenting hand, 
with the simple purpose of abolishing what was abrogated or obsolete, 
and with a view to make the book a working copy for the use of the 
University officials of that day. 

1 Munimenta Academica, i. 37, where see Mr. Anstey's note. He speaks of 
Bryan Twyne as having transcribed afresh the obliterated inscription. Can he 
have recovered it from some other source, or are we to lay to his charge the appli- 
cation of the galls to this and perhaps the other passages which he found had been 
previously rendered scarcely legible ? 



SOURCES OF THE CALENDAR 13 



What our Text is. 

We give here the original text of A alone, indicating by small type 
what entries were inserted in that volume. 

After the text of A we give in full the kalendars from the somewhat 
later Proctor's Books, viz. : 

Archiv. C. the Junior, or Northern, Proctor's Book, written for (Bp.) 
Fleming in 1407, and 

Archiv. . the Senior, or Southern, Proctor's Book, written a few 
years later. 

Fourteenth-Century Kalendar for the Meridian 
of Oxford. 

In 1391-2, apparently on March 12 ', a treatise on the 'Astrolabie' 
was composed ' as for oure orizonte, compouned after the latitude 
of Oxenford . . . after the kalendors of the reverent clerkes, frere 
I. Somer and frere N. Lenne, compiled by Geoffrey Chauciers for 
his son Lewis, scholar at Oxenford, under master N. Strode tutor.' 
To ' master Strode ' we shall have to refer in a later section. 

At St. John's College, Cambridge, there is a manuscript Psalter 'cum 
tabulis kalendariis, opuscule ad instanciam lohane principisse Wallie 
matris Ricardi II, ad meridiem vniuersitatis Oxon., ex precepto 
reuerendi patris Thome Kyngisburi, ministri anglie, composito a fratre 
lo. Somur, Ordinis minorum, anno Domini i38oV 

I suppose it was with reference to the meridian of Oxford 3 that 

1 Chaucer gives two examples, calculated for March 12, 1391-2, which may 
therefore be reasonably taken as the date when he was writing his Treatise on the 
Astrolabie. For MSS. see Dr. Skeat's Student's Chaucer, p. 730. 

2 Bibl. Coll. D. Job. Cant. MS. K. 26. See also MS. Bodl. James, viii. 337 ; 
Bodl. Seld. supra 90; Bodl. Laud. B. 23 ; Laud. B. 27; Digby, v. Brit. Mus. 
Cotton Domit. A. ii. i ; Vespas. E. vii (Tanner, Biblioth.\ There was formerly 
a copy of ' frater ' brother Somor's De quantitate anni at Peterhouse. See M. R. 
James, Catalogue of MSS. at Peterhouse, p. 364 (Appendix). 

3 In his Introduction to Ant. Wood's Life and Times, i. 10-14, Mr. A. Clark 
gives some attention to Wood's collection of Almanacks (circ. 1629-95). Benjamin 
Pond seems to have issued almanacs for, or at, Oxford (but also at Cambridge) 
s. a. 1641, 1662, 1664, 1680, 1681, 1689. The following he assigns to Cam- 
bridge : J. Wing, 1658, 1665, 1686, 1689; J. Swan,* 1667, 1683; J. Dove, 
1682, 1684. See also Ephemerides by W. Frost, P. Rivers, T. Rudston, W. Strof, 
F. Waters, and Fri. Winter, at the British Museum, and in Mr. Ro. Bowes's 
Catalogue of Cambridge Books, nos. 189 a-c; 3239, 3242, 3313, 3329, 3392. 
(These five, from Mr. Jenkinson's list.) 



14 FOURTEENTH-CENTURY KALENDAR 

J. Foxton, chaplain, made, and gave to the Minister and Brethren 
(of Holy Trinity for Redemption of the Captives) at St Robert's, 
Knaresburgh, a kalendar of York Use, with Cosmography, Prognosti- 
cation, &c. in 1408, which is now in the library of Trinity College, 
Cambridge (R. 15. 21)*. 

Differentia of Oxford University Calendars. 

Having traced the general kalendars of Oxonian construction up to 
brother John Summer in 1380, we must now proceed to inquire into 
the more particular characteristics which concern the University in its 
corporate condition. 

A glance at the ' University Calendar ' of modern times brings to 
our notice several items, most of which do not occur in the ordinary 
almanac of commerce. Not to mention such particulars as election 
days at various colleges, the openings and closings of Bodley, and 
some of the dates of University examinations and the like, I notice in 
two Oxford Calendars which I happen to have before me (for the years 
1822 and 1869) the following entries: 

Jan. 12 (Sat.). Latin Litany and Sermon at St. Mary's, previously to the 
beginning of Term, at 9 a.m. 

Jan. 14. Hilary, or Lent Term, begins. 

Jan. 30. K. Ch. I, Mart. Prayers and Sermon at St. Mary's. The 
Preacher appointed by the Vice-Chancellor (1822). 

Feb. 6. Responsions commence (1822). 

Feb. 10. Sexagesima Sunday. Scholastica. Litany read at the altar 
of St. Mary's church, after which the Mayor, the two Bailiffs, and 
sixty of the burghers of the city of Oxford, make an offering of a silver 
penny each, as an atonement for the murder of some scholars, which 
took place in an affray in the year 1353, 27 Edward III (1822; in 
1869 simply 'Ash Wednesday. Scholastica^. 

Feb. [Saturday before Quinquagesima]. Festum Ovorum (1822 adds 
' No one, who has not been admitted to his Bachelor's Degree on or 
before this day, will be presented to determine during the present 
year '). 

(' Feb. 20. Ash Wednesday. Latin Litany and Sermon at St. Mary's.' 
1822. ' On the Sundays in Lent, the afternoon Sermons are at 
St. Peter's, and the Preachers are appointed by the Vice-Chancellor.' 
1822.) 

Feb. 27. i.e. Wednesday after 1st Sunday in Lent. [The new] Proctors 
elected by their Societies, and their elections, respectively, announced 
to the Vice-Chancellor. add. 1822], 

1 ' Ad honorem Dei et Virginis gloriose hoc kalendarium insti/wtum est per .16. 
minuta hore precise precedere meridiem.' See Dr. M. R. James, Catalogue of 
Western MSS. at Trin. Coll. Cam. ii. p. 358, cod. 943. 



DIFFERENTIA OF OXFORD CALENDARS 15 

March 25. * Annunciation. Sermon in New College chapel. 

March 30. Hilary or Lent Term ends. Last Saturday in Lent. A Latin 

speech in the Theatre by the Junior Proctor. 
(April 5.) Good Friday. Sermon at Christ Church. 
(April 7.) * Easter Day. No University Sermon in the morning. In the 

afternoon [the Sermon is at St. Peter's (1822)] the Preacher appointed 

by the Vice-Chancellor. 

April 1 6. Tuesday. Latin Litany and Sermon at St. Mary's (1822). 
April 17. Wednesday. Easter Term begins. The new Proctors admitted 

at two o'clock in the afternoon into office in the Convocation House, 

where a Latin speech is delivered by the Senior Proctor going out of 

office (1822). 

April 25. St. Mark. Sermon in Magdalen College ['chapel,' 1822]. 
May i. St. Philip and St. James. Sermon in Merton College 

[chapel]. 
(May 16.) *Ascension Day ['Holy Thursday,' 1869]. Sermon at Christ 

Church. 

(May 26.) * Whit-Sunday. [Both] Preachers appointed by the Vice- 
Chancellor. 

May 27. Bede. Corpus Christi (1869). 
May 29. King Charles II restored. Prayers and Sermon at St. Mary's 

(1822). 
(May 30. Thursday.) Trinity ['or Act,' add. 1822] Term begins. 

[' Latin Litany and Sermon at St. Mary's, at nine o'clock. Masters 

of the Schools nominated.' 1822.] 
(June 2.) * Trinity Sunday. Sermon in the morning in New College 

chapel ; in the afternoon at St. Mary's. 

June 19. Wednesday. ENCENIA, 6r Celebration of Founders and Bene- 
factors ['in the Theatre,' add. 1822]. 
June 24. St. John Baptist ['Midsummer Day,' 1869]. 'Sermon in 

Magdalen College Chapel.' 1822. 
June 30. * Fourth Sunday after Trinity. This being the last Sunday 

in June, and Act Sunday, the Preacher is appointed by the Vice- 

Chancellor (1822). 'Both Preachers appointed by the V.-C. Full 

Service, with Holy Communion, at St. Mary's in the morning.' 

(4 July) 1869. 

July 2. Tu. * Oxford Act. Admissions to Regency (1822). 
(July 6.) Sat. Trinity Term ends. 
July 7. Thomas a Becket (1869). 
Aug. 4. Ninth Sunday after Trinity. Sermon in Merton College Chapel 

(1822). 
Aug. 15. Assumption B.V. M. (1869). 'Queen's College Found, day' 

(1822). 
Sept. 30. Monday. Oath administered to the Mayor on his coming into 

office, before the Vice- Chancellor and Proctors, at St. Mary's (1822). ' 



Those Sundays or Holidays on which the Doctors wear their dress 
gowns ['their robes] 1869] at Church, are marked thus. 



16 OXFORD CALENDAR 

Oct. 6. Faith (1869). 'Eighteenth Sunday after Trinity. %* The Vice- 
Chancellor, at twelve o'clock, resigns his office, with a Latin speech, 
and a new nomination takes place, and is approved in Convocation, 
a day or two before the term commences ' (1822). ' The Chancellor's 
nomination of a Vice-chancellor for the ensuing year is read in Con- 
vocation' (1869). 

Oct. 9. (Wed.) Latin Litany and Sermon at St. Mary's, previously to 
the beginning of the Term (1822). 

Oct. 10. (Thur.) Michaelmas Term begins (1822). 

Oct. II. (Mon.) Old Michaelmas Day. Michaelmas Term begins 
(1869). 

Oct. 19. Frideswide (1869). 

Oct. 26. RESPONSIONS commence (I822) 1 . 

Oct. 28. St. Simon and St. Jude. Sermon at St. Peter's, by a member 
of University College (1822). 

Nov. I. *A11 Saints Day. 

Nov. 2. All Souls Day (1869). 

Nov. 5. * Powder Plot. Prayers and Sermon at St. Mary's. The 
Preacher appointed by the V.-C. (1822). 

Nov. 8. Visitation of the Bodleian Library, on which occasion a Latin 
speech is delivered 'in the School of Natural Philosophy' 1822; 
'before the Curators by a M.A. Student of Christ Church' 1869; 
'The speaker appointed by the Dean of Christ Church' (1822). 

Nov. n. (Mon.) PUBLIC EXAMINATIONS commence (1822). 

(Nov. 22. Mon. ' Cecilia. FIRST and SECOND PUBLIC EXAMINATIONS 
begin' 1869.). 

Dec. 25. * Christmas-day. Sermon [in the morning] at Christ Church 
[at Eleven o'clock. Celebration of the Boar's head at Queen's 
College, add. 1822]. 

We could trace many of these entries back to the reign of King 
Charles I, and some of them, of course, to mediaeval times. But first 
we must pause a while about the year 1636, when we found the 
almanac-makers printing at the Oxford Press. 

Corpus Statutorum. 

About July, 1634, the first Laudian code of University Statutes was 
printed in folio (Corpus Statutorum Vniversitatis Oxon. sive pandectes 
consliiutionum academicaruni). A copy printed on vellum for King 
Charles is now in the British Museum (c. 24. d.). This book contains 
an 'Admonitio ad Lee tor em de veteri calendar io omisso" 1 .' 

The meaning of this is easily understood, when we recollect that 

1 In 1869, ' RESPONSIONS begin' on Mon. March 8, fourth week in Lent, and 
on Mon. Dec. 6, ' Nicholas! 
3 F. Mad an, Early Oxford Press, p. 179. 



CORPUS STATUTORUM 17 

the old Commissary's or Proctors' Book of University Statutes had 
a kalendar prefixed to them. Of this we will presently speak more at 
large. 

In 1635 a supplementary publication was issued, in part intended 
to supply the place of the aforesaid kalendar. A large quarto broad- 
sheet, measuring upwards of 16 inches square, presented to the 
eye a series of concentric circles, running round a representation 
of the Sun in the centre, and exhibiting a Cyclus Praelectorum or 
syllabus of the days, hours, subjects and books for lectures for the 
current year, with the amount to be levied as a fine upon defaulting 
teachers or pupils. 

This cyclus, or chart, has the fuller title of 

' ENCYCLOPEDIA, Seu ORBIS LITERARVM, prout in florentissima" iam et 
omnium plane celeberrima ACADEMIA OXONIENSI, singulis Terminis 
publice in Scholis auditoribus proponunturV 

With this was connected the publication of a companion folio of 
two pages, containing a summary of such statutes as concerned persons 
in statu pupillari which since January, 1637-8, has been superseded 
by constant editions of Parecbolce, st've Statuta Selecta I Corpore 
Statulorum, a little book of which I happen to possess copies printed 
at the Clarendon Press in 1825 and 1854 respectively, and of which 
Mr. Madan mentions twenty-eight other editions (Early Press, p. 209). 
It was usual for every undergraduate to receive a copy on. his 
matriculation 2 . The earlier paper, published in 1635, was drawn up, 
as Mr. Madan suggests, like the Cyclus or Encyclopedia, by T. Crossfield 
of Queen's. It is called 

' SYNOPSIS SEV EPITOME STATUTORUM, Eorum praesertim, qua luvenluti 
Academ. Oxon : maxime expedit pro Doctrind fy Mortbus habere 
cognila' 

In January, 1637-8, came out the selection from the revised edition 
of the Laudian code in book form i6. (It runs to 236 pages.) 

STATUTA Selecta 2 Corpore Stafutorum UNIVERSITATIS OXON, Vl in 
promptu Sf ad ma-rmm sint, quse magis ad usum (pracipul funiorum) 
facere videntur Y 

1 F. Madan, Early Oxford Press, pp. 186-7. 

2 The editions before me contain, besides select statutes, with those for the Bod- 
leian Library, an Epinomis or ' explanatio iuramenti,' with the XXXIX Articles of 
Religion, in Latin, required at Oxford as a test upon matriculation, with the Three 
Articles of the 36th Canon Ecclesiastical, &c. 

3 Madan, Early Oxford Press, pp. 208-9. 

C 



i8 FOURTEENTH-CENTURY KALENDAR 

Of this there is a copy in the British Museum (731. b. 9). It 
contains like the fuller book of 1634 an Admonitio ad ledorem de veteri 
Calendario omisso, and a table of 'Non Dis. days/ i.e. holidays on 
which the formal academic exercises called 'disputations' were not 
allowed to be held for qualifying a student for his degree. 

This was one of the principal constituent items in the old kalendars 
which were prefixed to the ' Proctors' Books ' of Statutes and Or- 
dinances of the University. 

The Latin Hisloria et Antiquitates Universitatis Oxoniensis of 
Anthony Wood, as edited by Ri. Reeves and Ri. Peers for the Univer- 
sity in 1674, contains the following passage concerning the antient 
course in the Faculty of Arts : 

' Sic peragendus erat audiendi, partimque legendi cursus, plura 
mehercule complectens, quam quae deinceps in usu apud nos fuerant. 
Enimvero morem vetustissimum vel exinde colligas, quod diebus 
quoque festis, audiendum legendumque fuit, cum per statuta nostra 
olim etiam antiquata id minime licuerit, velut e Calendariis de more 
praefixis ediscas ; ubi dies interstinctos reperies per le & non le, dis & 
non dis, & per lefe ; quibus legibiles nempe & non legibiles, disputabiles 
& non disputabiles, & dies legibiles festinantir denotari solebant; Le 
interim & dis ad dies festos rarissime adfixis, quibus nimirum rebus 
sacris, animisque colligendis vacandum erat. Credo autem consue- 
tudinem illam, qua diebus etiam festis legebant, ab Universitate 
Parisiensi desumptam fuisse ; cuius in plerisque ad praelectiones spec- 
tantibus sequaces fuimus. Cum Gyraldus enim Alumnus Oxoniensis, 
Luietiae operam literis tempore Henrid II. daret, positum turn apud 
Parisienses in more erat, ut praelectiones diebus non tantum festis, 
sed & Dominicis haberentur, quibus & ipse Gyraldus, magna Magi- 
strorum & Scholarium frequentia stipatus [ Vita Sylv. Gyraldi Ms. cap. 
13], Decretalia haud semel explicuit.' 

Hist, et Antt. i. p. 22. 

' Algorismo, Sphaerae, Compute: dies cuilibet octo exclusis Festis 
dabantur.' (Ibid.) 

Another distinctive feature of the old kalendar was the entry on 
the proper days of such obits, evensongs or vespers of the Dead 
(Placebo) and ' dirges ' (Dirige, Domine) or mattins of the Dead, with 
masses (of Requiem or the like) prescribed for annual commemoration 
of certain Benefactors of the University. These, of course, had been 
swept away long before Laud's time by King Henry VIII and Edward VI, 
and again by Queen Elizabeth. 

Other entries in the old kalendar were the rules for finding the 



CORPUS STATUTORUM 19 

beginning and end of Term, or at least of the 'resumption 1 ' and 
' cessation 2 ' of the public lectures of Regent Masters, and the special 
masses which were appointed at the beginning and ending of the year 
of study. 

A seventeenth-century copy of the old Statutes of the University of 
Oxford is preserved in the Library of Trinity College, Cambridge, 
MS. R. 15. 3. (3) 3 . So far as I can judge from a specimen page, kindly 
transcribed for me by the Rev. Hugh F. Stewart, this MS. was derived 
from the Oxford Senior Proctor's Book (Arch. .Z?) rather than from 
A or C. 

The old kalendar here occupies fourteen leaves. Then follow 
the ' Sequenttce of the Gospels ' which are usually prefixed to Prymers 
or Books of Hours (In principio, Missus est Gabriel^ Cum natus 
esset, and Recumbentibus\ followed by the unusual Ascendens lesus 
lerosolymam (St. Matt. xx. 17-19) which is the Sarum Gospel for the 
votive mass de S. Cruce, ascribed to Alcuin, and usually said on Fridays *. 

Then follows the historical (or legendary) document which Mr. Anstey 
prints at the opening of the second volume of his Munimenta Acad. 
Oxon. pp. 367-9, from fourteenth- and fifteenth-century MSS. After 
which there are in the Trinity transcript about 350 pages of Ancient 
Statutes of the University, continued to 1617. 

A manuscript in the Bodleian Library at Oxford, Bodl. MS. Top. 
Oxon. b. 5 (olt'm Arch. Bod. E.) has an old kalendar at ff. 130-1. 

Another MS., 8 Rawl. 662, is a printed kalendar from a Sarum 
Breviary or Portiforium* in which a University Bedel has entered 
Oxford kalendar notes in the margin, supplementing them with various 
memoranda concerning his office on some of the fifty pages of paper 
which were bound up in a leather cover. 

G. Darrell of All Souls, who was proctor in 1604, made a collection 
of the Statutes, including a kalendar of this kind. 

There is a transcript of the old Proctors' Books occupying eighty-six 

1 Resumpcio : Rashdall, Univ. i. 474 ; ii. 649-50. 

9 Cessacio: ibid. i. 293, 375-6, 421, 424-5. 

* See Dr. M. R. James's Catalogue of Western MSS. in Trin. Coll. Cam. ii. 
p. 343, no. 930. 

4 See Missalc Sarum (Burntisland), pp. 748*~5O*. Cf. Mr. Cuthbert Atchley's 
paper, ' On Second Gospel at Mass,' in Transactions of St. Paul's Eccl. Soc. vol. iv. 
pp. 161-76. Also my Ceremonies and Processions of the Cathedral Church of 
Salisbury (Cambridge University Press, 1901), p. 17. And Primers, Sarum,York 
and Roman, Edgar Hoskins (Longmans, 1901), pp. 161-2, 209, 215, 358, 365. 

s I feel pretty certain that this bedel's kalendar (MS. 8 Rawl. 662) was taken 
from the beginning of an 8 Sarum Breviary, not from a Prymer, or Hora, as some 
have supposed. 

C 2 



20 FOURTEENTH-CENTURY KALENDAR 

folios of parchment, formerly marked 'D,' and now MS. Bodl. 337. 
But from this the kalendar had been removed before Brian Twyne's 
time, 1674'. 

Happily, however, the originals from which the foregoing was 
transcribed are still among the archives of the University of Oxford, 
as we shall see presently. 

Our Authorities. 

Here we may mention in passing the printed Compotus manuatis 
ad vsum Oxoniensium, 4 Oxon., C. Kyrfoth, 1519-20, of which a 
unique copy is preserved in the University Library at Cambridge. 
This, with the manuscripts now to be mentioned, forms our principal 
authority. 

They are, to take them in the inverse order of their date, 

MS. B. The Southern (or Senior) Proctor's Book, A. D. 1477, when 
it was written at a cost to the University of 7 8 s. i od? 

MS. C. The Northern (or Junior) Proctor's Book, A. D. 1407, 
written for Ric. Fleming, when proctor. He was Bishop of Lincoln 
(1420-31), and in 1429 began the foundation of Lincoln College, 
Oxford, where his obit was kept on January 25. 

MS. A. The Chancellor's or Commissary's Book, in which the 
collection of Statutes was compiled about 1350. The kalendar 
prefixed to it is said to be not later than 1420. 

A MS. at Trinity College, Cambridge. 

Dr. M. R. James, in his Catalogue of the Western Manuscripts at 
Trinity College, Cambridge, ii. p. 313, describes a copy of Chirurgia 
Guiscardi, which has, bound up with it, an early fourteenth-century 
kalendar of foreign origin, apparently from the north of France. It 
came, however, into England, and was used by some proctor or 
official in Oxford (much as the printed breviary kalendar cir. 1505 
was used subsequently) for adapting as an academical kalendar. 

I am inclined to think that the MS. now in Trinity College, 
Cambridge, gives us the thing in its earliest form now accessible to us. 
Inserted among the holy days of this Breton or Norman kalendar s , 

1 See A. Clark, Wood's Life and Times, iv. 128, 131. 

1 See Anstey, Mutt. Acad. p. xiii. 

8 e. g. Geneveve, Robert of Molesme, founder of the Cistercians, Brieuc, Liefard 
of Orleans, Gurwall of St. Malo, Leufried of Evreux and St. Ouen, William of Brieuc 
both in January and July, Caprasius of Agen, Herbert of Liege, &c. &c., the 
Dedication of some church of St. Saviour on August 19, and a later entry concern- 
ing a shoemaker in Caudebec in the diocese of Rouen. 



A MS. AT TRINITY COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE 21 

we find, after it had come to England, the entry of the Oxford 
St. Frideswide's ' Translation ' on Feb. 1 2, and her ' Invention ' on 
May 1 8, besides her festival on Oct. 19, and such national saints as 
David, Chad, and Patrick, as interpolations. 

Then among noticeable entries as ' Inicium predicacionis Christi ' 
on May 2, and St. Francis, added with special honour on Oct. 4 
(perhaps as early as 1240)*, we find the following Oxford University 
directions at July 6, ' Missa de cessacione, de Trinitate,' and at 
Oct. 10, 'Missa de resumpcione, de S. Spiritu,' which are the statutable 
devotions for the end and at the beginning, respectively, of the 
academical year of reading lectures. We print this kalendar at the 
end of our preface. 

The Obits and Commemorations. 

The list of services for the commemoration of individual benefactors 
in the Trinity College, Cambridge, MS. is interesting : 

22nd Feb. ' Missa pro anima Domine Ele de Longespeie, cum placebo 

et dirige! (d. 6 Feb. 1297.) 
2nd March. ' S. Cedde. Missa pro anima magistri Philippi Turuel, et 

sunt ordinaciones V (d. 1337.) 

1 2th March. ' Missa pro H. de Guldeforde.' (le mareschal ; cir. 1313.) 
1st May. 'Missa pro W. G(re)y.' (d. I May, 1255.) 
loth May. ' Gbitus Reginald! bedelli cum placebo et dirige? (See 

Cartulary of St. Frideswidfs, \. 273 n., 415 ; c. 1230-1316.) 
I3th May. ' Semper quarta feria post trinitatem, missa pro Gilberto 

de Roubiry.' (cir. 1314. Munim. Acad. i. 102-3.) 
25th May. ' Missa pro Gilberto de Leupardo.' (d. 12 Feb. 1305.) 
l6th June. ' Missa Lang.' (? J. Langton, d. 17 June, 1337.) 
25th June. ' Missa pro H. Herclay. le. fe.' (d. cir. 1315.) 
23rd Nov. ' Missa pro Ela comz'tissa.' (d. 1297.) 
3Oth Nov. ' Missa pro Elianora regina.' (d. 29 Nov. 1290.) 
6th Dec. ' Missa pro lohanne de Pontois.' (d. 4 Dec. 1304.)' 
I7th Dec. * Missa pro Henrio? de Lacy.' (d. 1312.) 

It will be observed that the dates of the obits of the benefactors in 
this list range from 1255 to 1337. 

The later kalendars, as seen in the Proctors' Books, &c., contain no 

1 St. Francis was canonized in 1 2 28, two years after his departure. Otho, the 
legate, published the canonization in England, July 12, 1237. The festival was 
enjoined by Bp. Cantilupe in the Synod of Worcester, July 26, 1239. I feel, 
however, some suspicion as to the text, because it mentions also St. Edmund the 
Confessor who did not die until Nov. 16, 1240. However, St Edmund was canon- 
ized by acclamation so promptly that the text of the constitution may have had his 
name interpolated within two years of its first promulgation. 

a The 'Ordinacio ciste de Tureuyle' is printed in Munimenta Academica, i. 
I30-3- 



22 FOURTEENTH-CENTURY K A LEND A R 

obits of earlier date than these, unless it be that of King Henry 
on Nov. 1 6, which seems to refer to Henry III, who died on that day 
in 1272. See Mun. Acad. ii. 370, in the memorandum for the use of 
the Proctors, drawn up some time after 1318, and possibly not much 
less than a century later. 

The Proctors' Books of the early part of the fifteenth century, onward, 
contain all the obits of the Trinity College manuscript, and the following 
also in addition : 

? 1344. Walter Neal, lord of Effingham. 22nd January. 

1346. Thomas Vaughan, Waghan, Wagam, or Wacchane. 9th April. 

? 1346. James Hussey 1 . 

1356. Humphrey Cherleton, Chancellor of Oxford. 2oth Nov. 

? 1360. William Shelton, or Celtone, canon of Wells. 6th May. 

1360. John Shepey, formerly prior of Rochester, and bishop. 22nd 

January, (d. 19 Oct.) 
1362. John de Gynewell (or Sinwell), Bp. of Lincoln. 28th Feb. 

(d. 5th Aug.) 

1366. Symon Islip, Abp. 28th Feb. (d. 26th Apr.) 
1366. William Edyngton, Bp. of Winton. 28th Feb. (d. 7th or 8th 

August.) 

1369. Lewis Charleton, D.C.L., Bp. of Hereford (20 Nov.). d. 24 June. 
1373- John de Thoresby, Abp. of York. 28th Feb. (d. 6 Nov.) 
1377. King Edward III. 25th January, (d. 2lst June.) 
1397. Thomas, duke of Glosten 25th Jan. (d. 24th Sept.) 
(1399, or 1485.) 'Richard the King.' I3th Oct. 
1413. K. Henry IV. l8th March, (d. 2oth March.) 
1419. John Aylmere, doctor of Laws. I2th Nov. 
1422. K. Henry V. 3ist Oct. (d. 3ist August.) 
1443. Henry Chichele, Abp. 26th Apr. (d. 12 April.) 
1447. Humfrey, duke of Gloster. 23rd Feb. and 28th Oct. 
? 1447. Henry Beaufort, Cardinal, nth April. 
1457. Dame Joan Danvers. I3th Nov. 
1457. Duncan, or Dunkan, about igth April. 
[1502. Q.Elizabeth of York. loth Feb. (d. nth Feb.) MS. B, in 

margin.} 
? 1509. K. Henry VII. nth May. (d. 21 st April.) 

I feel some doubt as to the date of the first entry in this list. 
Walter Neel's chest (ctsta de Neet) is mentioned frequently in 
Oxford records. The ' mt'ssa Neel ' on St. Vincent's Day, in a memo- 

1 As to the date of James Husee's (or Hnssey's) benefaction I feel some uncertainty. 
The family of Heose, Hosatus, or Hussey, is of constant occurrence in Wilts. One 
'lacobus Husse' witnesses a grant of land in Selwood, circ. 1245, in Macray's 
Sarum Charters, p. 234. But as the mass of J. Hussey at Oxford is combined 
with that of T. Vaughan, and they are joint founders of a loan-chest, they may, 
with some probability, be assigned to the same date, 1346. See Mun. Acad. i. 158; 
ii. 745- 



THE OBITS AND COMMEMORATIONS 23 

randum cir. 1350, or at all events in the lifetime of J. de Shepey 
who died in 1360 (Mun. Acad. i. 168). Walter de Neel is called 
dominus de Effyngham by a scribe in MS. A. fol. 94. His cista 
is named among ' Winter chests/ Dec. 9, 1449 (Reg. Univ. i. Boase, 
p. 287), and Dec. 4, 1456 (Mun. Acad. ii. 745), and again in 1510 
(Reg. i. 298). The mass for his soul is mentioned in the notes about 
the kalendar which contain references to masses ranging from 1255 to 
1377 (Mun. Acad. ii. 372-3). In the Cartulary of St. Frideswide's, 
i. 92, a ' view ' of the monastery as visited by Bishop Russell in 1482-3 
mentions among debts 'pro denariis mutuatis a ... Waltero Nele, 
xvij./. yj.j. viij.rf.' This may have been a later namesake, or as 
I incline to think ' Nele ' and ' Langston ' may refer to the Neal and 
Langton chests. At Cambridge also there was a cista de Neele of 
which the founder (jointly with ' John Whithorn, rector of Hotsted ' ?) 
was Walter Neele. The record of its foundation is preserved in the 
Registry at Cambridge (Document 35, Drawer i. 7), and is dated 
Feb. 25, 1344-5. Fuller, in his History of Cambridge (following 
Dr. Caius), describes Water Neele as ' citizen of London V 

Assuming Walter Neel to have founded a chest at Oxford about 
the same time as he did at Cambridge, namely in February, 1345, 
we may conclude that the Kalendar now preserved at Trinity College, 
Cambridge, was converted into an 'Oxford University Calendar' 
between 1337 and 1345, or, in other words, just before the earliest 
of the Proctors' Books now extant at Oxford (of course a much more 
pretentious or important volume) was compiled. 

The Trinity manuscript in fact supplies the ' missing ' link between 
the kalendar of ordinary ecclesiastical use, and the special book pro- 
vided for the officials of the University. Besides the memorial masses 
and other annual services for the later, and then quite recent, bene- 
factors of the University, the Commissary's and Proctors' Books con- 
tain some additional academical entries of the same character as those 
two early ones which we have noted in the Trinity College, Cam- 
bridge, MS., which prescribed the ' Mass of the Holy Ghost 2 ' at the 
'Resumption' of Regent Masters' lectures on October io s , and the 
' Mass of Holy Trinity * ' at their ' Cessation ' on July 6 B . 

1 T. Fuller, Hist. Univ. Camb., ed. Prickett and Wright, p. 130, following 
Caius, Hist. lib. ii. p. 133. See also Cambridge Documents (i%t>2\ i. 409, 448. 

a For th^ votive mass de Spiritu Sancto see Missale Sarum (ed. Burntisland, 
Parker's), 743* ; cf. 787*, 795* ; Breviarium (ed. Cantab.), ii. 503. 

3 Oct. 10 was the morrow of St. Denys. See Mun. Acad. ii. 419, 447. 

* For the Missa de S. Trinitate see Missale Sarum, 735* ; Brev. Sar. ii. 501. 

8 July 6 was the day before the Translation of St. Thomas, Abp. and Martyr. 



FOURTEENTH-CENTURY KALENDAR 



Oxford Terms, &c. 

The other University dates and entries in the Proctors' Books are 

14 Jan. S. Felix. Resumpcio Magistrorum Regencium. 

10 Feb. S. Scholastica, Virg. Tune tenentur Burgenses offerre in ecclesia 

beate virginis Marie. 

22 March. Cessacio Magistrorum Regencium in uigilia palmarum. 
(30 March. An entry about Scrutators in a late entry in MS. C.) 
9 April. Resumpcio Magistrorum regencium post pascha feria quarta 

post dominicam qua cantatur Quasimodo geniti. 

14 May. Cessacio Magistrorum regencium feria quarta ante pentecosten. 
28 May. S. Germanus Ep. Resumpcio Magistrorum regencium feria 

quarta post festum Trinitatis. 
(5 July or 6th. Missa de cessacione Trinitatis. Cessacio Magistrorum 

Regencium. See above.) 
(10 October. Resumpcio Magistrorum regencium : Missa de resumpcione 

de Spiritu sancto. See above.) 
[7 December. Electio custodum cistarum (hiemalium). A date inserted 

by Mr. Anstey on the authority of B. fo. 99, Mun. Acad. ii. 496.] 
17 December. . . . Cessacio lecture Magistrorum. 

From these entries the limits of the four Oxford terms may be 
deduced. 



Term. 


Resumption. 


Cessation. 


i. Michaelmas 


October 10 


December 17 


2. Hilary 


January 14 


Eve of Palm Sunday 


3. Easter 


Wednesday after Low ) 


( Thursday before Whitsuntide 




Sunday ) 


( (Octave of Ascension) 


4. Trinity 


Wednesday after \ 
Trinity (Eve of > 
Corpus Christi) 1 


( September 14 
( (as arranged) 



Of the eight guiding dates only the first three are absolutely fixed, 
in the perpetual kalendar, to certain days in the almanack. The next 

The Mass is entered on July 5 in MS. B, prima manu, but subsequently cor- 
rected on to July 6, which is the place where the memoria technica of the Com- 
putus places it. See also the interpretation of the constitution De resumpcione, 
printed in Mun. Acad. ii. 447, which declares that thenceforth the Masters were 
not to fix the cessation of lectures ' citra proximum diem legibilem ante festum 
translacionis sancti Thome.' The last ' le day ' before St. Thomas the Martyr's 
day was July 4. So there was a certain reasonableness for the original entry in 
the '.Southern ' (or Senior) Proctor's Book {B) in 1477. There was a vacation at 
Oxford, Sept. 14 (Holy-rood day, a full fortnight before Michaelmas) to Oct. 10 
(the morrow of St. Denys). See Mun. Acad. ii. 447 : ' continuent secundum bene- 
placitum legencium vsque ad .xv. dies ante festum S. Michaelis, quia solum solet 
esse aliquando tempus vacacionis per ilium mensem' It will be observed that 
octavo die ante natale is the morrow of Sapientia. 



OXFORD TERMS, ETC. 25 

four may vary from year to year (like Easter Day and other ' moveable 
feasts ') over a period of thirty-five days : e. g. Hilary Term which 
begins always on January 1 4, irrespective of the day of the week, may 
end in one year as early as March 14, and in another year as late 
as April 17, or else on some date intermediate between the two. 

If we were constructing such a perpetual almanack now, for Uni- 
versity purposes, we should place the Cessacio of Hilary Term either 
at the foot of the page for March with a note to state the rule for 
fixing it, or else we might state on March 14 that this is the prima 
cessado or earliest possible date for concluding lectures, and perhaps 
add also a corresponding note ultima cessado on April 17 (as we 
find Primum Pascha, vltima Penlecoste, &c. in Sarum kalendars). 

Why then was this Cessado placed on March 22 (instead of the 
1 4th)? Surely this is an unnatural date for the ' eve of Palm Sunday, 
the more so when a fixed date (Resurrecdo Domini) for Easter Day 
is put down in the Proctor's almanack on March 27, which is not 
the earliest possible Easter anniversary, which is March 22, but the 
actual kalendar date of the historical Resurrection of Christ according 
to the tradition handed down in Sarum and other mediaeval kalen- 
dars. If the Oxford kalendar-maker had followed that lead, when 
he had before him (and actually transcribed) that note about Resur- 
recdo Domini, he ought to have entered Vigilia Palmarum (a date 
very important from the academical point of view) on March 19, to 
correspond with such an Easter Day. But he entered it neither on 
the 1 9th, nor on the i4th, but on March 22. 

The Date when the Kalendar was Compiled. 

The inference which I draw from this is, that the compiler of the 
first Commissary's or Proctor's kalendar drew it up from (or as] an 
almanack serving for some year having Sunday letter E, with epact 
vii, ix, xi, or xij, and on which Easter Day fell on March 30, and 
(agreeably thereto) ' Palmeson-Eve ' on Saturday, March 22 1 , the 
Wednesday after Quasimodo (or Low Sunday) on April 9, the Wed- 
nesday before Pentecost on May 14, and the Wednesday after Trinity 
on May 28. 

There were not many such years in the fourteenth and fifteenth 

1 It may be noticed that both March 22 and 23 have Vigilia Palmarum 
entered on them. The former is correct (in accordance with the three other entries). 
But 1404 (as wejl as 1236 and 1320) chanced to be bissextile, and the scribe may 
have got his pen on letter E for the Saturday, before recollecting that he was deal- 
ing with a leap year. 



26 FOURTEENTH-CENTURY KALENDAR 

centuries 1 . Between 1236 and 1483 only three such years occurred, 
viz. 1320, which is perhaps too early, and 1399 and 1404, either of 
which would suit Mr. Anstey's date for the kalendar in his earliest 
MS., the Commissary's book A, the body of which collection he has 
described as compiled originally about 1350 or later, and its kalendar 
of not a later date than 1420 2 . 

I would suggest then, that the Ancient Oxford Kalendar existed in 
some rudimentary shape as early as 1340-5 and that it assumed its 
more definite form in 1403-4. 

Of certain Notes and Entries in the Kalendar. 

The entry on St. Scholastica's Day (Feb. 10) refers, I need hardly 
mention, to the condition imposed by John Gynewell or Kynwell 3 , 
Bishop of Lincoln (dated, Lidington manor, Rutland, June 7, 1357), 
with the consent of the Mayor, Bailiffs and Citizens, that he would 
remove the interdict, laid upon the city in consequence of the murder 
of certain scholars in a riot, on consideration that they should for ever 
after, upon the anniversary of the crime, provide a mass in St. Mary's 
Church, whereat the Mayor and Bailiffs and sixty of the more sub- 
stantial citizens should each offer his mass-penny in token of their 
contrition *. 

The fourteenth-century kalendar (now at Trinity College, Cam- 
bridge) has one entry which deserves special notice 

(June 25) ' Missa pro H. Herclay. le. fe.' 

The mass in question was established about 1315. The Bedel's 
notes mention the dirge (or mattins of the dead) on the previous day 
(St. John the Baptist's) in H. de Hercley's memory. I do not notice 
any original entry about his obit or any blotting out of writing in the 
Commissary's Book (A) at Oxford. But 'Dirige' has been interlined 
there by a later hand. The next official MSS., the Proctors' Books 
(C and B), have the entry as an original part of their kalendars 

June 25, vii. kl. Jul. ' Missa pro anima Henrici Herkley. le.fe' 

1 Such years correspond to no. 9 in De Morgan's Book of Almanacks. In the 
Middle Ages they would be distinguished as ' Secundum E.' in the Sarum Pye or 
Ordinals. 

1 See Mun. Acad. vol. i. pp. x-xi. 

8 I am pleased to find that we have Bishop Stubbs's authority for the spelling 
' Gynwell,' in Episcopal Succession, p. 76. (' Synwell' is, I believe, a misreading 
due to some seventeenth-century student or his printer.) 

* Mun. Acad. i. 190-201 ; cf. 463. Ayliffe speaks of the offering as still kept 
up (mutatis mutandis] in 1714 ; Ancient and Present State, i. 133. 



NOTES AND ENTRIES IN THE CALENDAR 27 

St. Eloy (Sci Eligif) though noticed in A, is passed over by C 
and j9. 

The note 'le.fe! is illustrated by the ancient customs of the Univer- 
sity of Paris 1 , and by the Oxford Statutes under the rubric De diebus 
festiuis, in quibus magistri festine legant. 'If it happen that notice 
be given by the public servant (the bedellus) that a simple feast occurs 
on which they shall read (or lecture) with despatch 2 , let them not keep 
disputations on that day. But if according to the kalendar it be a 
dies non kgibilis (a *' non le " day), then let them appoint some lecture 
from some book out of the ordinary course (de libro aliquo non 
vsitaio], or from the book some section which is specially reserved 
for extraordinary Jectures, as they may prefer, approved for holy 
days V 

According to Dean Peacock's Observations on the Statutes of the 
University of Cambridge, 1841, appendix, p. iv. ., on lefe days, or Dies 
legibilesfestinanter, lectures at Paris and Oxford * ' were anciently read 
cursorie*, as was done in certain seasons of the year, and on Sundays, 
and which were chiefly confined to the Ethics of A ristotle ' not (one 
would have thought) a book exactly adapted for reading the text too 
quickly for taking down by the auditors, and without gloss or com- 
ment, which is one rational interpretation of 'cursory' lecturing 6 . 
In old days, when books were dear and students poor, a lecturer who 
would read so deliberately (as Bishop J. B. Lightfoot, a prince of 
lecturers, used to do) that his audience could follow his words, and 
who pronounced them ad pennam, so that they could write down text 
or gloss at his dictation, must have been reckoned a benefactor. 
Dr. Rashdall, however, shows that ' dictation/ though a common prac- 

1 Bulseus, Hist. Univ. Paris, iii, 194-5, 280-1. 

a vt festine legant. The reading ' festive ' is of course a conjectural emendation, 
naturally suggested by the foregoing diebus festivis. But on careful consideration 
of the text of the statute in MS. C (fol. 27) I am convinced that the reading isfestzne, 
as given by Mr. Anstey. I could not identify this passage in A, as his reference to 
fol. ' 6 ' of that MS. appears to be a misprint. 

3 Mun. Acad. ii. 371. 

* Dean Peacock might have added ' at Cambridge ' also, as appears from the 
pretty frequent occurrences of le fe or le fes in the margin of the Cambridge 
Proctors' Books. 

5 See Peacock's Observations, pp. 30, 31 ., on nominatio ad pennant, and the 
Paris Statute of 1355 there cited from Bulseus, Hist. iv. 332. Mr. J. B. Mullinger 
put forward a different interpretation of cursorie in his Hist. Univ. Camb. i. 358-9, 
645-8, from M. Thurot, De V organisation de t ' enseignment, p. 65. See also 
H. Anstey, Mun. Acad. i. pp. Ixix, 86 ; ii. 371, 418, 420, 423, 439, 452 ; and the 
Rev. Hastings Rashdall, Universities of Europe, i. 426-7 ., 435 ; ii. 81 ., 516 n. 

6 Dr. G. Peacock, Observations (1841), Appendix, pp. xliv, xlv. . 



28 FOURTEENTH-CENTURY KALENDAR 

tice at Paris, was forbidden in 'ordinary' hours at Bologna (i. 220), 
and statutes were passed against lecturing tractim at Paris itself, 
except (as Ramus also says) in the case of some ' notable ' tractate 
or sentence (i. 438). Mr. Rashdall, who tells us that at Oxford 
festine is simply synonymous for cursorie or extraordinarie (Univ. 
i. 427-8.), considers that the cursory lectures of Paris were simply 
what at Bologna were called kctiones extraordinariae, and opposed 
to lee Hones ordinariae, which were those delivered by Masters during 
the morning hours of legible days, the dies legibiles, or ' le ' days of 
English universities (i. 426). Cursory lectures might be delivered even 
in the Long Vacation. The principal Terms were called at Paris the 
'Grand Ordinary,' lasting from St. Remigius' day Oct. i to 
Easter, broken only by the short Christmas holidays, and the ' Little 
Ordinary,' extending from Easter to the end of June, or Midsummer. 
Even from Midsummer to Michaelmas (St. John Baptist's Nativity 
to St. Remigius) private arrangements could be made for the less 
dignified classes of lectures (Rashdall, i. 477). The 'Long' or 
' Great Vacation,' at the end of the fourteenth century, began at terce 
on the Vigil of St. Peter and St. Paul (June 28) and lasted for the 
Faculty of Arts to the morrow of St. Louis (Aug. 25-6), or for that 
of Theology and Canon Law up to Holy-rood day, the Exaltation 
of the Cross (Sept. 15). Then 'ordinary' lectures might begin, but 
Oct. -i was the real date for beginning courses in earnest. (Cf. ibid.) 

Although vacations in early times were short and at Aberdeen 
Bishop W. Elphinston in 1494 designed to do without them altogether 
(Rashdall, ii. 310 .) the terms' work was in point of practice largely 
eaten into by the occurrence of holy days and other occasions which 
involved a holiday from doctors' or masters' formal lectures, and 
sometimes also from the exercitia or disputations. 

From the point of view of the lecturer and the lectured every day 
in the year was either a ' le-day ' (dies kgibilis) or a ' non le-day,' with 
the exception of some few half-hearted ' le-fe ' or ' le-fes ' days. Again, 
from the standpoint of those engaged in academic ' disputations ' and 
such-like exercises in the ' Schools ' as were required with a view to 
' inception,' ' determination,' &c., in the system of university faculties 
and degrees there was another and in part a cross-division into 
' dys.ses * ' and ' non dis ' days (dies disputabiles and non disputabiles]. 

1 Perhaps we ought rather to write disses, or ' dis days.' For Dean Peacock 
distinguishes (I know not with what justification) between ' dysses,' which he con- 
nects with the dissertation, or thesis, which preceded the disputation or ' act,' and 
the ' dis days ' which he derives very rightly from disputatio (Obs. on Statutes, 



NOTES AND ENTRIES IN THE KALENDAR 29 

The following note by J. Mere, at the Marian Visitation of Cam- 
bridge in Feb. 1556-7, illustrates the use of these terms at the sister 
University : 

' On Saturday [.xx. Feb.] frost colde wynde snow and som rayne. 
Item, no lector in the scholes this daye nor thursdaye [.xviii. Feb.] 
save only the physicke lect., and yet it was dis both dayes and 
hgibk\' 

In the Cambridge Proctors' Books, Feb. 13 is marked non 
le, and Feb. 21 (which happened in 1557 also to be Sunday) is 
marked non dis; so the i8th and 2Oth were at once 'le' and 'dis' 
days; on the i5th the Royal Visitors summoned the Heads of 
Colleges into the Schools to hear my Lord Cardynall's letters read; 
on the 1 6th there was a mass of the Holy Ghost at St. Mary's, 
and congregation with admission of questionists in the Schools. 
On the 1 7th the Heads met in the Schools to undergo visita- 
torial inquiry, and ' one of Kateryn Hall entered questions ' (a 
university exercise, of which a reminiscence survives in our Cam- 
bridge name ' questionist ' applied to a graduate at an early stage in 
his first degree in arts). The 2ist was Sunday, and on Monday the 
2 2nd mass was sung for the good estate of the Queen, and the Vice- 
chancellor ' went to the scholes and herde a pece of M r Carres lector, t 
betwyxte .ii. and .iii. [of the clocke].' (Documents, pp. 221-6.) 

Another curious Cambridge record, Bedell (Matthew) Stokys' Book, 
written also about 1557*, describes the Cambridge Ceremonies in Lent 
and at other times : 

' The order of the Questionists: In primis, The Questionists shall 
gyve the Bedels warnynge upon the Le Daye, that they may proclayme 

app. p. iv .). The Cambridge bedells' books, however, spell ' dis' or ' dys ' days 
apparently without such distinction. 

1 Lamb, Documents from C. C. C. C., p. 225. 

* Matt. Stokys was probably inclined to the ' old religion.' He lived, however, 
well into Elizabethan times, and it is somewhat difficult to determine the date of 
the compilation of his Book of Ceremonies. He was born at Eton cir. 1514; 
Scholar of King's, 1531; Fellow, 1534; and B.A. 1536. He held the office of 
Esquire Bedejl in 1557-85, and of Registrary of the University of Cambridge from 
1558 until his death in 1591, shortly before which he had the curious picture of 
academical habits painted, which is still extant at the Registry. The juxtaposition 
of Common Prayer, ' shall singe the Common Prayers,' in ' Stokys' Book ' (pp. ix, 
xv), along with mention of ' Monkys of Saynt Benedyctys Order,' ' whyte Chanons," 
and ' Fryer' in his ' MS.' (pp. xvi. xlviii), high altar, mass, the Extravagant De Vita 
et Honestate Clericorum, and the embracing ' all the Decrees of the H. Fathers 
the Roman Pontiffs,' seems to prove that ' Stokys' MS.' book was compiled by him 
in the time of Hen. VIII, or Mary, if his Book was touched up under either of their 
successors. 



30 FOURTEENTH-CENTURY KALENDAR 

th'ordynarie Readers in the common Schooles th'entrynge of their Ques- 
tions [in Priorums\ at the accustomed Hower, which is at .ix. of the Clocke,' 
&c. &C. 1 

'Ashwenssdaye' 1 '. First, the Bedels erlye in the mornynge, every one 
in their severall Coursis, shall toll or cause to be tolled in every Colledge, 
Howse, Hall or Hostel!, where eny Determiners be, the bell to gather the 
Companye together, & so shall brynge them to S* Maries Churche 
before .viij. of the Clocke,' &c. &c. 

'. .. Item. All the Determiners dothe sytte in the New Chappel* 
within the Schooles from .i. of the Clocke untyll fyve, upon the Mondaye, 
Twesdaye, Wensdaye, & Thursdaye in the weeke before Shrove Sondaye, 
abyding there examynation of so many masters as wyll repayre for that 
cause thether: & from three to 4 all they have a Potation of Figgs, 
Reasons, & Almons, Bonnes, & Beer, at the charge of the sayed De- 
terminers, whereat all the Bedells maye be present daylye : & upon the 
Thursdaye they be onlye examined in Songe & wrightynge,' &c. &c. 

' . . . Item *. All the Determiners shall stande in the Common Schooles 
everye Lee Daye from Ashe wensdaye untyll the last Acte, with one 
Sophister with hym, havyng three Questions of Dialecte and Philoso- 
phye, &c. &c. 

And yf it be onlye a Lee Daye, they stande in the Fornone from .ix. to 
.xi. of the Clocke, & yf it be Dys, then from one of the Clocke untyll fyve, 
onles M r Proctours do licens them to departe. 

And one of the Bedels must daylye, at the ordenarye Lectures & at 
the Disputation, signifye or proclayme th'order of their standynge, with 
thees words, or the licke, upon the Lee Dayes : 

" Noter Determiners, devaunt Diner sub spe, sub spe longa, vel sine spe." 
And upon the Dis Dayes : 

" Noter, &c. Afires diner sub spe " &c. 

And one of the Bedels muste everye Daye set the sayed Questionists 
to their Disputation, saying openlye, 

" Incipiatisr 

And if eny vacation, or eni intermission from the sayed Disputation be 
graunted by M r Proctours, then the Bedel must saye : 

" Incipiatis " ; [pausyng a whyle (p. xi)] 

" Ad oppositum " ; [then] 

"Redeatis"\ 

"Exeatis "; [then the Questionist shall goe fourthe of the Stall (cp. p. xi)] 

" Gratias agatis magistro N. N." 

And so they all departe for that daye, &c. &c. ..." 

1 Peacock's Observations on the Statutes, pp. iv, v, appendix. 

' Ibid. p. vi. 

s Ibid. p. xii. The chapel attached to the Divinity Schools at Cambridge was 
founded in 1398 by Sir W. Thorpe, and completed about 1406. It is now swallowed 
up by the University Library buildings. Though not endowed with perpetual 
youth like ' New ' College, it maintained its name of the ' New Chapel ' until the 
eighteenth century. J. W. Clark, Arc Ait. Hist, iii. u, 19 n. 

* Ibid. p. xiv. 



NOTES AND ENTRIES IN THE CALENDAR 31 

*. . . ' De Disputatione in Theologta* \ Memorandum. That [at] 
a Dysputatyon in Dyvinite, the Doctour or the Responsall shall gyve the 
Bedellys warnyng to proclayme itt byfore : & in the mornyng, whan the 
Dysputatyon shall be att .viij. th of the clock, the Bell Rynger shall ryng 
to the Doctours Ordynarye, & so the Bedellys shall sett the Doctor 
from hys place to the commyn Scolys to rede hys Ordynarye (iff he be 
no s Fryer Doctour) and then shall wayte on hym all the Opposers, &c. &c. 
. . . * & whan the Doctours enteryth the Scolys, the Bedellys shall say, 

" Noter Signior Doctour, bona nova, bona nova : " 

Whan the Doctour is in the Chayer, the Bedyll (iff he hathe any thyng 
to be proclaymyde) shall proclayme itt than. Whan the Ordynarye is 
don the Doctour . . . shall say the Prayers hangyng byfore the Stall, & 
. . . rehers his Questyons, & the Responsall shall put hys Conclusyons, 
&c. &c. 

At on[e] of the Clocke att after none the Bell Ryngar shall ryng to the 
Dysputatyon (out of Lent), 

& in Lent at .ix. of Clocke in the mornyng the Bedyll shall sett the 
Doctour to the Scholys,' &c. &c. 

Although tempted to multiply quotations I will note nothing further 
from Matthew Stokys' Cambridge Ceremonies beyond the following : 

' Die veneris ante Festum Simonis et lude ' (viz. inter Octob. 21-27) 
' erit magna Congregatio.' p. ii. 

' Nos continuamus hanc Disputacionem in horam .i. diei lovis post .iiii. 
Dominicam huius Quadragesime.' p. xi. 

* the iiij or first Saterdayes of Lent . . . the Determiners ... to 
St. Maries Church at .ix. of the Clocke, & there singe the Common 
Prayers, & offer every day i d . to th'use of the Church.' p. xv. 

* On S. Vyncent Day in January there is a Dirige kepte att St. Bodulph 
Churche in Cambryge, at .iij. of the clocke.' p. xvi. 

' The Whyte Chanons pay to the Bedellys on Sayncte Gylbertys Day, 
that is [3 rd Feb.] in Crastino Purificationis, vij. s. 

' Item. The Monkys pay to the Bedellys in Quinquagesima Dominica 
every monke that is, a Pensyon .xx*.' p. xix. 

1 Nota. If ther commense any Doctours in any Faculte, that the morrow 
after the commensment Day he shall be brought to the scholys wyth the 
Bedellys to rede his solemne Lesson, & shall gyve the Bedellys for their 
vysytation .xiij". iiij d . 

& for a Kalendar .iij.' iiij d . 

& for gloves, att the lest .vj. d , & the Bedellys be not bounde to bryng 
hym home agayn.' p. xliv. 

1 What follows is taken from ' Stokys' MS.', which Cole, the antiquary, con- 
sidered to be later than the foregoing extracts from ' Stokys' Book? From internal 
evidence it seems possible that the ' Book ' belonged to the time of Edward VI, 
and the ' MS? dates in the last year of Queen Mary, as it has vestiges of popish and 
unreformed usages, &c. 

* p. xliv. * p. xlv. * p. xlvi. 



32 FOURTEENTH-CENTURY KALENDAR 



Importance of the Kalendar or Computus. 

The kalendar for which the bedell at Cambridge was to receive 
3$. 4<f. was clearly something beyond an ordinary almanac, for some 
years earlier (in 1521) John Dome at Oxford used to sell a 'ciclus, 
vel alman[a]ck' for id., and a 'pronosticon in englis' for zd. or 3^., 
and a sheet almanac ' de vno folio ' for zd. as Mr. Madan's edition of 
that bookseller's day-book shows us. He had, however, in stock and 
sold two copies, one on August 3, the other on October 26, a much 
more expensive work a new ' almanack pro triginta anm's' price 4^. Sd. 
(see nos. 928, 1396). A reference to our H. Bradshaw Society's 
Pye or Directorium Sacerdotum (i. p. 19) shows that the editions of 
that work from 1496 to 1519 contained a cycle of twenty-four years 
from A. D. 1469 to 1519, and that latest printed edition of the Pye 
(in 1508) simply added a twenty-fifth year, 1520. It was natural, 
therefore, that when the booksellers came to 1519 they should procure 
a new cycle to begin in 1520, and therefore I have conjectured that 
the expensive 'almanack . . . no.' in Mr. Madan's 928th article, on 
its first occurrence in Dome's ledger means a 'novus' (or is it novumT) 
1 almanack.' 

It may have been some such book only in a rather cheaper form 
that the Cambridge bedell had to provide for each Doctor on his 
admission. I think it, however, more probable that he took a penny 
or threepenny cyclus and entered in the margin the days on which 
the Doctor was to drop his lectures or exercises, in other words the 
statutable non k and non dis days per anni circulum. In other 
words the bedell had to provide him an authoritative 'University 
Kalendar ' in some form or other. Of course it is possible that this 
was written entirely in manuscript, and that the fee of 3-r. \d. was an 
old charge dating before the employment of printing. 

We shall see presently that this very year 1519-20 witnessed a new 
departure in the provision of an Oxford Compulus manualis in which 
the holidays from lectures and exercises were specified in print. We 
have the good fortune also to have a manuscript kalendar for private 
use still extant. 

Those who have studied the form or course of university preparation 
for a degree in arts will recollect that the Oxford student was required 
to promise on the Gospels that he would devote so many terms, or so 



IMPORTANCE OF THE KALENDAR 33 

many weeks to reading, or hearing in lecture, his specific books and 
subjects : 

In Ethics, for 4 whole months inclusive of holy days. 
Geometry for 5 weeks exclusive of holy days. 
Algorism for 8 whole days exclusive of holy days. 
Sphera 

Computus ,, 

The large Priscian, or \ 
The Politics, or 

X books De animalibus L 6 whole weeks, exclusive of holy days, 
including de progressu 
et moiu. } 

Priscian de Construciionibus, one terminus anm. 
De celo et mund. . 

Meteororum libri 

(Six books of Euclid, and at least book iv. of the Topica of Boe'thius, 
in lieu of Rhetorica, are likewise mentioned in MS. D.) 

The prescribed study of the Computus, or ecclesiastical kalendar, 
involving all the lore of the Table to find Easter and other movable 
feasts, &c. &c., for eight days, not counting holy days, immediately 
concerns our inquiry on the kalendar. 



A Magdalen Man's Kalendar (now at St. John's College). 

The library of St. John's College, Oxford, now contains (Cod. 
MS. 1 8 8) an interesting little book which appears to have belonged at 
one time (in the fifteenth century) to a regent master, or possibly 
to a bedel, of Magdalen College. It must have been invaluable to 
a reader, or a student in Arts, for its contents are, in late thirteenth- 
century writing, written perhaps in the lifetime of Thomas of New- 
market who commented on some of these tracts. 

Algortsmus. fo. iiij. ) , 

rT o, z. r - \ by J- Halifax (' de Sacro bosco '). 

De bphera, fo. viij. J J 

De Algorismo, fo. xviij. Carmen, Alex, de Villa Dei 2 . 
Ars tabularis, fo. xix b (anonymi). 

1 See Anstey, Mun. Acad. ii. 413-15. 

a In his Register of the Univ. of Oxford, i. p. viii, Mr. Boase has drawn our 
attention to H. O. Coxe's Catalogue of the MSS. of University College, no. xxvi, 
as illustrating these studies. These MSS. belonging to Coll. Univ. are now in the 
Bodleian. 



34 FOURTEENTH-CENTURY KALENDAR 

De compute, &c., fo. xxiij., by J. Halifax ('de Sacro bosco'). 

Kalendar ium, fos. xl.-xlviij. 

De musica, &c. &c. 

The kalendar which in this MS. accompanies the Computus is 
in its original form an ordinary early kalendar of Sarum use with a 
more elaborate apparatus of columns, so as to give the 'concurrentes' 
and other things important for more elaborate computations than were 
required by the ordinary churchman. He would be fully content with 
his Sunday Letter and his Golden Number without wishing to trouble 
himself over epacts and concurrents. When the book was in use in 
Oxford (I suppose in the fifteenth century, or later), the owner made 
a few entries of local interest, &c. 

14 Jan. 'In crastino set hylarij reswnptio regen\ciuni\* and under the 

line, ' dirige! 

? 23 Feb. ' exequie Vmfridi de Gloces, ; et i die, missa pro eodem.' 
2 July. ' Visitacio eliesbethe t.' added. 
20 Oct. ' Dedicatio colegij\ Marie Magdalene? 
26 Nov. ' Set lini? added. 

As to the events here noted, the death of Prince Humphrey, Duke 
of Gloucester, was in 1446. The festival of the Visitation was enjoined 
by papal authority in 1431, but was not prescribed for England until 
1480, when Archbishop Bourchier received from the prolocutor of the 
Convocation of his province a recommendation submitted to him and 
to his suffragans that this festival along with St. Audrey's and St. 
Frideswide's days in October, and St. Osmund's in December, having 
been approved by the Pope should be recognized in their dioceses *. 
As to the ' Dedication of Magdalen College,' on October 20, I do not 
feel certain as to the year to which reference is here made. The 
foundation and dedication of the Chapel is said to have been on May 5, 
1474, and its completion after 1480. The oath of obedience to the 
founder's statutes was administered to the society by the second 
President, August 23, 1480, and in 1482 and 1483 the college was 
still growing. But it was as early as 1448 that Waynflete had 
obtained a licence for the foundation for a hall, and it was founded 
as a college by a charter dated June 12, 1458*. 

t "sic. 

1 Wilkins, Concilia, Hi. 613. 

2 See Rev. H. A. Wilson's paper in A. Clark's Colleges, pp. 234-5. Mr. Wilson 
suggests to me that possibly the year to which the reference of October 20 relates 
may be 1479. Bishop T. Scot or Rotheram, an Oxford founder and benefactor, then 
Bishop of Lincoln, was translated to York in the following year, when also Mag- 
dalen College was transferred from the diocese of Lincoln to that of Winchester. 



A MAGDALEN MAN'S CALENDAR 35 

The Magdalen man's kalendar now at St. John's has another inter- 
esting feature. It has entered in the margin the non le, non dt's, and 
lefe days of the Oxford year. 

In an appendix at the end of the present volume I propose to give 
in parallel columns these entries from that MS. (M] with those from 
the University archives just before the Laudian revision of the Oxford 
Statutes, and I will add those of an old Cambridge Proctor's Book 
(Cam.) for the sake of comparison. 

For the next column (marked 'E. 1604') my authority is 'Bodl. 
MS. Top. Oxon. b. 5.' It is a large folio paper MS. of great interest, 
as Mr. Madan tells me, on account of its giving the Oxford Statutes 
in their condition in the Jacobean interim between the reformation in 
religion and the Laudian recension of the Statutes. It was known 
formerly as MS. E, or 'Arch. Bodl. E/ and was drawn up (partly from 
MS. A, the Commissary's Book) by, or for, G. Darrell, of All Souls, 
who was Junior Proctor in 1 604. We will indicate this by the letter 
E 1 . Pages 130, 131 contain simply the numbers of the days of each 
month with the notes le fe, &c. in their proper places, and nothing 
more. On fo. 131^ is a torief indication of the Oxford terms. 

We find a considerable amount of local colour in the list of 
university festivals, where Oxford (and Cambridge more obviously) 
diverges from the Sarum kalendar. A comparison of lists suggests 
either that the Cambridge academical lecture and exercise kalendar 
was borrowed from Oxford in the thirteenth century, or else that 
they both were derived from the Paris custom. Possibly a more 
minute inquiry into the early usages of the University of Paris than 
I am at present able to undertake might clear up some of the instances 
which may be found to perplex the reader and to be insufficiently 
explained by the observations which I have tentatively offered a few 
lines above. 

'Resumptio' and 'Cessatio.' 

Of the interruptions in the university studies occasioned by the 
decease of a gremial, or of a grammar-master or scholar, I hope to 
speak in a larger work on which I am engaged ; and of the extent of 
vacations, and the resumptio and cessatio, and the shades of meaning 
which these terms acquired, Dr. Rashdall has already written suf- 
ficiently in his Universities of Europe in the Middle Ages, but we must 
here note his observation that at Paris ' the Feast of St. Remigius 

1 See Wood's Life and Times (Clark's Addenda}, iv. 127-8 ; Anstey, Mun. Acad. 
i. p. xii. 

D 2 



36 FOURTEENTH-CENTURY KALENDAR 

(Oct. i)' was always 'treated as the real inauguration of the winter 
term, when the courses of the year were usually begun,' while ' ordi- 
nary lectures ' in Arts might be recommenced on the morrow of 
St. Louis (Aug. 25), and those of Theology and Canon Law might be 
begun on the morrow of the Exaltation of the Cross (Sept. is) 1 . 
St. Louis (in August) does not occur in our Oxford and Cambridge 
kalendars, although on November 8 ' sci Lodowyci ' is interlined by 
a later hand in the Oxford Commissary's or Chancellor's MS. A, and 
is likewise indicated in the memorial lines for November 'Omn. 
anima. que leo, lo-do-wi. marti.' &c. in the Computus manualis ad 
vsum Oxoniensium of 1519-20. Louis VIII (le Lion) died Nov. 8, 
1226. But although the Golden Legend refers to him as 'a kyng 
ryght cristen ' who ' bataylled and foughte ayeynst the heretykes and 
albygoys (Albigenses) and of the centre of tholouse and extyrped their 
heresye, & as he retourned in to Fraunce he passyd vnto our Lord,' 
nevertheless he is hardly likely to have been ranked as sanctus in the 
Oxford kalendars. I think it more probable that they commemorated 
his son ' St. Lowys, kynge of Fraunce,' Louis IX, on his accession day 
in November possibly because that month was already to a hopeless 
extent given up to 'playing holidays,' instead of his depositio on 
August 25 (1270) which is observed in other ecclesiastical uses. 
St. Louis was canonized in 1297. In the Oxford Computus manualis 
he is merely named, but no holiday is indicated on that day. In any 
case it is a curious point of contact between Paris and thirteenth- 
century Oxford. Possibly the entry was made for the sake of 
the scholars of the French 'Nation' there, as they would keep 
it with festivities, as the Irish did St. Patrick's day and the Welsh 
St. David's. 

Dr. Rashdall continues: 'Only a few days' holiday is officially 
recognized [at Paris] at Christmas and Easter, and even in the Long 
Vacation cursory lectures might be delivered except upon certain 
festivals. Numerous festivals in term-time were observed by a total 
suspension of Lectures, or by a suspension of ordinary Lectures 
only 2 .' 

Academic terminology is very apt to shift its meaning. ' Commem.' 
at Oxford, and ' Commencement ' and ' Tripos ' at Cambridge, have 
put into the background, and almost forgotten, the circumstances 
of their etymology. So in early days Resumptio came to indicate 
at Paris a public discourse or disputation delivered before the Faculty 
by a new Master Regent in Theology at the opening of the academical 
1 Rashdall, Univ. of Europe, i. 477. J Ibid, ubi supra. 






RESUMPTIO ' AND ' CESSATIO ' 37 



year 1 . Rather later, in the fifteenth century, the word conveyed to 
younger students the idea of a small class at which they were to be 
examined upon their studies by the lecturer, or some other Master 
or Bachelor, an exercise of constant occurrence, like the reciiatio 
at Oxford, or the repetitio of Bologna and King's College, Cambridge 2 . 
However in the kalendars before us Resumptio regencium merely 
indicates the date for the formal beginning of terminal or yearly 
lecture courses. 

Similarly the word cessatio, in the early days of University history, 
indicated not merely the regular dates for ending the more formal 
courses of lectures by the Regent Masters. It was applied also 
to the privilege which existed at Paris before any university was 
incorporated in England, and apparently before 1180, whereby the 
Masters were authorized (by Louis VII, as it is said) to have 
a cessacto, that is, to suspend their lectures, in case an outrage had 
been committed upon any of their body or of their students s . Such 
an intellectual interdict was imposed by the University of Paris as 
their constitutional method of protesting and calling for redress when 
some of Queen Blanche's soldiers massacred some of the young 
students at their games after a Town and Gown riot in the Bourg 
of S. Marcel during the carnival of 12 28-9*. 

That cessacio proving ineffectual, the Masters determined to dissolve 
the University of Paris for a term of years, a measure which resulted in 
all probability in an addition to the number of students both at Oxford 
and Cambridge about 1229, as well as to the growth of the School 
of the Dominicans who remained at Paris when the secular students 
were dispersed 6 . When similar troubles arose at the carnival of 
1252-3, two Dominican Doctors and one Franciscan refused to take 
notice of the ' cessation ' proclaimed by the University, and when the 
affair was settled the two Dominicans at least were excluded from 
the consortium of Masters ; and attendance at their lectures was pro- 
hibited, while the University thenceforward prescribed as a test an 
oath which required each Master on admission to a faculty to swear, 
that (among other matters of conformity) he would obey the injunction 
if ever a ' cessation ' should be voted by the College of Masters 6 . In 
the fifteenth century recourse to ' Cessation from Sermons and 

1 Rashdall, Univ. of Europe, 474, 497 ; ii. 649-50. 

2 Compare the terms 'collections' (terminal) at Oxford, and 'gatherings' (per- 
haps weekly) at Winchester. 

3 Rashdall, i. 293. * Ibid. i. 336-7, Blanche of Castille. 
8 Ibid. i. 337, 370. Ibid. i. 375. 



38 FOURTEENTH-CENTURY KALENDAR 

Lectures' was still had, and not always in extreme cases only 1 , 
until at last the right of the University of Paris to order an extra- 
ordinary cessation was abolished h} the first year of Louis XII in 
1499. Of course the cessacio which appears in our kalendars is not 
the record of some extraordinary event like the suspendium clericorum 
in past lime, but the entry of the fixed date at which the Masters' 
lecture-engagements for the year or term would cease. 

University College Kalendar. 

It does not very often happen that at the present day in England 
a mediaeval service-book or kalendar is still found in the same place 
where it was formerly in use. About 1850 my father became vicar 
of Stanford-in-the-Vale 2 . It was only a year or two before his institu- 
tion that Dr. Rock had found in the hands of one of the churchwardens 
there, and purchased from him, a Latin service-book which had been 
in use in the parish church. But in most cases such books have 
passed from their original habitat to public or private collections. 
York and Durham, Westminster and Salisbury still retain one or 
more of their old service-books. It was perhaps due to the devotion 
of Dr. Caius that his college library still contains a Sarum breviary 
(cod. 394) with that curious inscription which begins 

' Wher so ever y be come over all 
I belonge to the Chapell of gunvylle hall : 
He shal be cursed by the grete sentens 
That felomDusly faryth and berith me thens.' &c. 

We have already described a kalendar which once belonged to 
a Magdalen man at Oxford and is now at the College of St. John 
Baptist (MS. 1 8 8). Queen's College is so fortunate as to retain 
still its martyrology, and to have at present a Provost who is editing 
the college obit-kalendar which is prefixed to it. University College 
has lost the bulk of its noble mass-book; but a fragment of it was 
preserved, and is now safe in Bodley's Library (Coll. Univ. MS. 
B. 178). 

This fragment consists of eight leaves of what must have been 
once a magnificent folio MS. on vellum, formerly in the Chapel of 
University College. What now remains is : 

Lf. i. The rubric and form of Blessing Holy Water, answering 

1 Rashdall, i. 421. 

8 Cf. Two Lectures on a Berkshire Village : the Hist, and Antiq. of Stanford- 
in-the-Vale, L. G. Maine, 8vo, Oxon., 1866, p. 73. 



UNIVERSITY COLLEGE KALENDAR 39 

to cols. 29** 32** of the Burntisland reprint of Missalc. Sarum, 
1861-83 > but tne rubric is more like that of the Sarum Graduate cited 
in the foot-notes on those pages. It is still nearer, I believe, to the 
printed Sarum Processionale of 1517. (See Henderson's edition of 
the Processionals of (1502 and) 1508, pp. i, 2 notes?) It is nearest 
of all in some of its phrases to the Salisbury Cathedral fifteenth- 
century MS. Procession-Book (MS. 148), ed. Camb. 1901, pp. 18-20. 
The fragment begins Omnibus dominicis per annum, and fol. i b 
ends, ' in ramis palmarum, cum Gloria Patri, Sicut erat.' 

LI. 2-7 are occupied by the kalendar, in which gold, red, blue, 
violet, and black are used. It may have been written about the 
year 1400. 

Lf. 8, the last which remains, gives a portion of the missal services 
from the Offertorium on the Ember Wednesday mass in the fourth 
week of Advent down to the words 'et dabo tibi thesauros absconditos, 
et archana [secretorum reuelabo] ' in the fourth prophetic lection, from 
Isaiah (xlv. 1-8), on the Ember Saturday. This corresponds with 
(the lower part of) col. 31-00!. 36, line 12, in the Missale Sarum 
reprint. Probably the first and last leaves were torn away from 
the missal as a sort of cover to the kalendar which was preserved 
for the sake of its special entries when the Latin service was abolished 
and the books themselves were considered to be not only obsolete but 
pernicious relics of superstition. 

In the kalendar the letter ' D ' is used to mark the Egyptian or 
' evil ' unlucky days. We find Hie mutantur concurrentes on March i ; 
'Hie mutantur indicciones/ Sept. 24; 'Yemps oritur/ Nov. 24, 
St. Chrysogonus' day. It was in other respects of the usual Sarum 
text in its original condition. The local entries are these : 
2Oth March, (b. xiij. Kal. Apr. Sci. cuthberti epi. et conf. Equinoccium.) 
'festum duplex principale ' [added* St. Cuthbert's being the dedi- 
cation of Univ. Coll. chapel.] (ix lee.) 

25th March, (g. viij. Kal. Apr. Annunciacio dominica C duplex festum. 
ix. lee.) ' Dirige. Isto die singulis annis celebrandus est obitus 
M r Walteri Skirlaw, quondam episcopi Dunelmensis, istius collegij 
benefactoris precipui > a consocijs istius collegij pro perpetuo obser- 
uandus : qui obijt ix. kal. Aprilis A dni M cccc vj 2 . Et sit missa 
solempnis cum diacfono] et subdiacfono] ' [added], 

1 St. Cuthbert's Day is marked as a feast of nine lessons in Sarum Use, but it 
would rank locally as a principale duplex wherever it might chance to be the 
festum tituli Sancti loci. Frere's Use of Sarum, i. 29. 

* According to Fasti (Le Neve-Hardy), Bishop Skirlow died March 24, 1405-6. 
He bequeathed to the College the manor of Mark's Hall, or Margaret Ruthing, 
Essex. Colleges, p. 15. 



4 o FOURTEENTH-CENTURY KALENDAR 

30th April. (A. ij. Kal. Mai. C Primus dies ascensionis.) ' Isto die 
Anno dni M cccc mo Ixxvj , erat ista capella dedicata in honore sancti 
Cuthberti.' [added 1 .] 

2ist May. (A. xij. Kal. lun.) ' [EJxequie dicantur isto die.- 1 

22nd May. (b. xj. Kal. lun.) ' [IJsto die singulis annis celebrandus est 
Obitus Dni Henrici Perci secundi comitis Northumbrie, istius 
Collegij specialis benefactoris, qui obijt .xj. die Kal. lunij A dni 
M cccc mo lv. et pro cuius anima dicatur missa cum diac. et subdiac.' 
[added] 

1 5th Sept. 'f. xvij. Kal. Oct. Festiuitas reliquiarum duplex f[estu]m ,ix. 
lee.' [An original entry in the MS. The Salisbury Feast of Relics 
had been transferred from September to July in 1319 2 , so I think the 
relics here mentioned must have belonged to University College.] 

The Kalendar of Oriel College. 

One more college kalendar ought to be mentioned, that which is 
prefixed to the Register of the Muniments of Oriel College, compiled 
in 1397 3 . It is now in the British Museum (Lansdowne MS. 386). 
A small impression of a choice edition of this old Oriel kalendar by 
C. L. Shadwell, D.C.L. (formerly Fellow of the College) is dated 
' Frewin Hall, i June, 1899,' and a copy of this interesting and scarce 
folio of H+2O pages has been generously presented by him to the 
Cambridge University Library with courteous permission for me 
to use it on its way thither. 

Like the University College Missal kalendar, the Oriel Register 
kalendar has a simple Sarum basis. It contains the following 
domestic entries in addition. The references to ' surplice days ' will 
be observed. 

2. Jan. b. Oct. sci Stephani. dirige a socijs pro dno Willelmo Smyth 
episcopo quondam Lincoln, missa pro eodem, preposito presenti 
capienti xx d ., ceteris presentibus x d . [1513-14.] 

(5. Jan. e. ' Oct. sci Thome ' erased.) 

1 Henry Percy, grandson of the first earl, and son of Harry Hotspur, had the 
forfeited earldom of Northumberland restored in 1414, and confirmed by charter in 
1424. He was Lord High Constable, but was slain in 1455. He gave the 
advowson of Arncliffe in Craven to the College. 

2 See my Salisbury Cathedral Processions and Ceremonies, 237 ., and Tracts of 
Clement Maydeston, p. 72 n. 

3 Dr. Shadwell, in his account of Oriel {Colleges, pp. 99, 108), has mentioned 
this kalendar, and suggests that it may have been compiled under the hand of 
T. Leyntwardyn, then a Fellow, and afterwards Provost of Oriel. For the account 
of the Oriel kalender I a'm indebted to Dr. Shadwell's private print of it; I have 
ventured to expand some of the contractions of the MS., and to incorporate his 
dates. 



THE KALENDAR OF ORIEL COLLEGE 41 

22. Jan. A. Sci vincentij. Tres den' panis distribuend' sunt, cum missa 

de requie, pro anima lohanne Ludwell, et anima Willelmi Rauton. 

Vide infra, fo. 63. [cir. 1394.] 
25. Mar. g. Annunciacio dominica. Obitus Magistri Roberti Kerver. 

[Olim, ab anno 1454, socij.] Celebranti missam, xij d . ; aliis vero, 

viij d . 
27. Mar. b. Resurrectio domini. die pasce et tribus diebus sequentibus in 

superfpelliceis]. 

3. April, b. Sci ricardi. dominica in albis, in superfpelliceis]. 
5. May. f. in die ascensionis in super[pelliceis]. Missa in die a socijs 

solenniter celebranda cum diacono et subdiacono in capella beate 

marie. 

15. Maij. b. die pentecostes et tribus diebus sequentibus in super[pelliceis]. 

21. Maij. A. In crastino Ascensionis fiant placebo et dirige a socijs, et 

in sabbato missa, et sint duo cerei ardentes super funerale. [h. e. 
feretrum Wylcottes, cir. 1471.] 

22. Maij. b. in die trinitatis, in superfpelliceis]. 

16. Jun. f. Translacio scT richardi. Placebo et dirige in superpellficeis]. 

Obitus Ade de Brom [1332] benefactoris primi. 
24. Jun. g. Nat\ set iohannis bapl. In superfpelliceis]. 
29. Jun. e. Apostolorum petri et fault. In superfpelliceis]. 

7. Jul. f. (' Translacio S. Thome ' erased.) 

8. Jul. g. Festum reliquiarum. In super[pellicei]s. 
(26. Jul. d. ' See anne,' included) \ 

27. Jul. e. Sanctorum vij tem dormiencium. 1519. 

15. Aug. c. Assumpdo see marie. In superfpelliceis]. 

21. Sept. e. Set mathei. Placebo et dirige in superpellficeis]. Obitus 

Regis Edwardi secundi fundatoris. [1327.] 
3. Oct. c. Dedicacio ecclesie beate marie, prima dominica huius mensis. 

In superpellficeis] 2 . 

1 The festival of St. Anne, though enjoined for the Province of Dublin in 1351, 
was not made obligatory for England until the time of Abp. William Courtney in 
1383. (Wilkins, Concilia, iii. 19, 178-9.) 

a This Feast of the Dedication of St. Mary's Church, Oxford, in October, is 
entered in this kalendar some considerable time after the book was originally 
written. Dr. Shadwell tells us that there can be no question that the other dedica- 
tion day, viz. July 27, lit. dom. E,, was commonly observed as St. Mary's Dedica- 
tion at Oriel in the fifteenth century, as it was in the University generally. (See 
the Chancellor's Book, MS. A. Archiv.) July 27 was doubtless the original, or 
early, dedication. (Shadwell, Calendar of Oriel College, 1899, p. 18.) How then 
are we to account for this entry of the first Sunday in October as the day to be 
observed at a later period ? Of course there may have been some fresh dedication of 
the church, after a desecration, about the beginning of the sixteenth century. But, 
if the handwriting of the inserted entry can be dated so low, I should be inclined to 
attribute it to the influence of an Act of King Henry VIII , which, in 1 536, abolished 
the various old dedication anniversaries throughout the kingdom, and attempted to 
establish one uniform ' Feast Sunday ' for local observance in all parishes. A pro- 
vincial Synod, July 19, 1536, gave a similar direction (Wilkins, Concilia, iii. 824, 
827). St. Paul's, and London generally, had adopted October 3 as a dedication 



42 FOURTEENTH-CENTURY KALENDAR 

1 8. Oct. d. S. luce evang\ Placebo et dirige a socijs et scolaribus dni 

doctoris dudley et missa in crastino. [Ric. Dudley, fellow of Oriel, 
precentor of Salisbury, d. 1536.] 

19. Oct. e. S' Frideswide. 

21. Oct. g. Sanctorum xi milia virginum. Placebo et dirige a socijs, cum 
missa in crastino, pro animabus Waited [Lyhert, 1472] et lohannis 
[Carpenter, 1476] Episcoporum, ac mri Henrici [Sampson, 1482] 
quondam istius collegij prepositorum, quibus interesse tenentur 
scolares certi de aula bidelli. 

(2. Nov. e. All Souls not noticed' 1 !) 

21. Nov. c. Obitus Mri Willelmi de leverton secundi prepositi [1332-48], 
cuius anniversarium capellani collegij tenentur celebrare. 

29. Nov. d. Scl saturnini. Placebo et dirige a socijs, et missa in crastino 
cum diacono et subdiacono pro henrico [burghersh, 1340] episcopo. 

6. Dec. d. Sa nicholai. In super[pelliceisj. festum 2P ler 

8. Dec. f. Concepdo see marie. In super[pelliceis]. 

21. Dec. e. Scl thome apostoli. Obitus Mri Ricardi martyn [socii ab a 

1479]. 

25. Dec. b. Nativitas dni. In super[pelliceis]. 

26. Dec. c. Scl stephani. In super[pelliceis]. 

27. Dec. d. Sci lohannis. In superfpelliceis]. 

28. Dec. e. S' Innocentium. In superfpelliceis], 

29. Dec. /. (' Set thome martins' erased.) In super [pelliceis]. 

The Bedel's Book (Bodl. 8vo, Rawl. 662). 

We have already mentioned the Oxford Bedel's book which has 
been for some centuries in the Bodleian Library (8vo, Rawl. 662) in 
an early sixteenth-century binding. It contains two little printed pieces 
and a supplement of sixteenth-century manuscript, and was evidently 
the constant companion of a Bedel in the early years of King 
Henry VIII, before the Divorce of 1533, as well as afterwards. 

The printed pieces are : 

(a) A small 8vo kalendar of eight leaves (>fc i >{ 8 ), i. e. sig. >J from 
some little Sarum portos or breviary 2 , containing in small gothic letter 
the Tabula feslorum mobilium and canon festorum^ the Sarum perpetual 
almanack, and the little treatise De laude virtute et efficacia psalmorum 3 , 
which commonly together make up the kalendar sheet in Sarum 

date as early as 1523 (ibid. iii. 702). In the Calendar of our Sarum Breviary 
(mense Octob.} we have noted such an entry made in ink, at the top of the page, in 
the copy of the 1531 folio at Exeter College (172, G. 6). 

1 The Feast of All Souls had been enjoined, however, at the Synod of Oxford 
in 1222. Ilarduin, Cone. vii. 117. 

2 See above, p. 19 n. 

8 See Brev. Sarum, ed. Cantab. 1880, fasc. II. pp. xxiii, xxiv. 



THE BEDEL'S BOOK 43 

breviaries of (e. g.) the first quarter of the sixteenth century. In the 
margin of the kalendar the university holidays are entered. 

Next there is ($) a supply of fifty leaves of writing-paper on which 
the Bedel has made various entries for his own convenience, viz. forms 
for bidding bedes on certain commemorations. Notes on the Academic 
Kalendar, and Formulae at creation, so far as they concerned his own 
office 

(c] Fratris Hieronymi Sauonaroli de Ferarijs ordinis predicatorum 
expositio in psalmos Miserere (fr. 1 (printed). 

Then follow, on three fly-leaves, some more manuscript entries, viz. 
(<f) Table of fees chargeable for degrees, and (e) Memoranda of pay- 
ments received by the Bedel from persons graduating. 

We will give here such portions of the little book as concern the 
history of Oxford. 

1 Editions of this work, printed soon after 1500, are found in Lambeth Palace 
Library: one, ex prelo Ascensiano (xviii. 14, 29, 8. 2.). Another, larger size 
(xxviii. 5, 2, 8 . 5.), besides several versions of it in English. 



A PRINTED SARUM BREVIARY 

KALENDAR, CIR. 1505 

WITH MS. NOTES BY AN OXFORD BEDEL. 

(Bodl. 8vo, Rawl. 662.) 

[The kalendar portion was transcribed by Miss A. F. Parker, in September, 
1902 : the Bedel's MS. notes are in square brackets.] 

*,* For twenty-five years I had been perplexed by the two lines 
which appear near the bottom of the next page, among other places, 
' Quinque bis, inde dias, bis septem,' &c. But Dr. Magrath, the Provost 
of Queen's, has now happily discovered their interpretation, out of the 
ancient Liber Obitalis of his college (mense lanuarii), where a rule to 
the following effect is given : 

And you will reach, on the next 
Saturday, 'Alleluya clausum' 
Sunday, ist S. in Lent. 

Easter Day. 

,, Rogation Sunday. 

Whitsunday. 

And if this reckoning brings you to a Sunday, that will be the day 
itself required. 

The reader will be able to ascertain, from pp. 21, 22, 60-3, the 
names of the persons for whose souls the Dirge was to be performed 
at the places in the kalendar where the Bedel has written 'dirige' 
(e.g. at Jan. 2ist and 24th). 



From \ 


d 
o 


( days \ 


the ist 


H 0> 


5X2 


2nd 


^ M -J 


2 


3rd 

4th 


o 

O rt 

s-s, 


2X7 
2X 10 


5th J 


a, 
W 


V 4 / 



4 6 



A BEDEL'S KALENDAR 



JANUARY. 

Prima dies mensis : & septima truncat vt ensis. 



KL 



lanuarius habet dies .xxxi. Luna .xxx. 
Nox habet horas .xvi. dies vero .viij. 



Circucisio. dni. minus dup. [no le.] 

Octa. sancti stephani. 

Octa. sancti iohannis. 

Octa. sanctorum innocentium. 

Octa. sctT thome mar. SctT edvvardi. [no dis.] 

Epypha. domini. princi. [no le.] 

Claues. Ixx. 

Luciani pbn cu so. eius. meo. tantum. 
Si dies dfiicus infra octa. non cue. tune 
hac die legatur euag. Uidit iohan. 
Sol in aquario. 

Octa. epy. ix. lee. Medie lee. de scto hyla. 

[le fe.] 
Februa. Felicis ps .iij. lee. Inui. simp. 

[Resupcio magorf .] 

SctT mauri ab. iij. lee. Inui. simp. [no le.J 

Marcelli pape* & mar. iij. lee. Inui. simp. 

\ V**'P** CitLSCQ* } 

Sulpicij epi et cofes. iij. lee. Inui. simp. 
Prisce virginis. Inui. simp. Pria. Ixx. 
SctT vvlstani epi et cofes. ix. lee. [no dis.] 

Sctorf fabiani et sebastiani mar. ix. lee. [no le.] 
Agnetis virginis et mar. ix. lee. [dirige. le fe] 
Uincentij mar. ix. lee. [& missa nett.] 

Post primam luna post epy. copula dece dies : 

et sabb. seq. claudetur. [dirige. no dis.] 
Couersio sancti pauli. Inui. triplex. 

et meo. de sancto Preiecto 
Sancti iuliani epi. Inui. dup. iij. lee. 
Sancte agnetis .ij. Inui. dup. iij. lee. 

Claues. xl. 
Batildis regine #gi. non mar. iiij. lee. 

Inui. simp. 

Quiqj bis inde dias bis septe bis deca tetras 
Si cadit in lucem dni numerabis eadem 

Omnia festa. iij. lee. que infra. Ixx. cotigerint habet inuit. simp. 

et matu. cum noc. vsqs ad .iiij. fe. in capite ieiunij. 
In iano claris calidisqj cibis potiaris 
Atqj deces potus post fercula sit tibi notus 
Ledit em medo tuc potus vti bene credo 
Balnea tune intres : et vena findere cures. 



S xi 


A 
b 
c 


lanua. 
iiij no. 
iij no. 


(4) 


d 


ij 


no. 




xix 


e 


Nonas 


(6 


viij 


f 


viij 


Id' 


I 


xvi 


s 

A 


vij 
vi 


Id' 
Id' 


(9 


V 


b 


V 


Id' 


10 


c 


iiij 


Id' 


n) xiij 
12) ij 


d 

e 


iij 
ij 


Id' 

Id' 


'3) 


f 


Idus 


(14) x 


g 


xix 


kl 


(15) 


A xviij 


kl 


(16) xviij 


b 


xvij 


kl 


(iV) vij 


c 


xvi 


kl 


(18) 


d 


XV 


kl 


(19) xv 


e- 


xiiij 


kl 


(20) iiij 


f 


xiij 


kl 


> 21 ) 


g 


xij 


kl 


(22) xij 


A 


xi 


kl 


(S3) i 


b 


X 


kl 




c 


ix 


kl 


(25) ix 


d 


viij 


kl 


(26 




e 


vij 


kl 


(27 


xvij 


f 


vi 


kl 


(28 


vi 


g 


V 


kl 


(29 




A 


iiij 


kl 


( 3 o 


xiiij 


b 


iij 


kl 




iij 


c 


ij 


kl 



A BEDEL'S KALENDAR 



47 



KL 



FEBRUARY. 

Quarta subit morte : psternit tertia fortem. 
Februarius habet dies .xxviij. Luna .xxix. 
Nox habet horas .xiiij. Dies vero .x. 

d Februa. Brigide #gis .iij. lee. Inui. simp. [no dis.] 

xi e iiij no. Purifica. marie, maius d'. sj no p'n. iij. lee. 

[no le.] 
Blasij epi & mar. Inui. duplex. [le ffe.] 

Agathe virginis et mar. 

C Ubicuqj prima luna fuerit post festa. 
sets agathe pxima do. seqn. erit do. xl. 

Scola. #gi .iij. lee. Inui. simp. Sol in pis. 

[no le.] 

Martij. Ualetini mar .iij. lee. Inui. dup. 
luliane #gi. & mar. Inui. dup. iij. lee. 



(sj 


) xix 


f 


iij no. 


V* 


) viij 


g 


ij no. 


\5 


1 


A 


Nonas 


6) xvi 


b 


viij Id' 


7) v 


c 


vij Id' 


8} 


d 


vild' 




> xiij 


e 


vld' 


(io > 


) ij 


,f 


iiij Id' 


11 

(l2 


) x 


g 
A 


iij Id' 
ij Id' 


(13) 


b 


Idus- 


(14) xviij 


c 


xvi kl 


15 


vij 


d 


xv kl 


16 




e 


xiiij kl 


17 


XV 


f 


xiij kl 


18 


iiij 


g 


xij kl 


19 




A 


xikl 


20 


xij 


b 


xkl 


(21 


i 


c 


ixkl 


(22 




d 


viij kl 


23) ix 


e 


vij kl 


24) 


f 


vikl 


25! 


> xvij 


g 


vkl 


26' 


) vi 


A 


iiij kl 


27 


> 


b 


iijkl 


28 


) xm j 


c 


ijkl 



Annos ptiri : per partes qttuor equas. 
Cu poteris dni : bissextus adesse docetur. 

[no dis.] 

Ultima .Ixx. [dirige.] 

Cathedra scti petri. Inui. triplex .ix. lee. 

[no le.] 
[dirige.] 

Mathie apl'i. Inferius dup. festum. 
Si bissextus fuerit .iiij. die a cathedra, 
scti petri inclusiue fiat^fe. scti mathie. 
et ff littera bis numeret. Post cineres. [dirige.] 
neuma : post cruce : postqj luciam. [no le.] 
Mercurij et veneris : sabbato ieiunia fient. 

C Si festum purifications beate marie infra .Ixx. cotig. semper 
dicitur sequetia ad missam : sil'r net in annunciatione eiusdem. 

C Quodcunqj fes .ix. lect. a capite ieiunij vsqj ad passionem dni 
euenerit licet dup. fe. fuerit : semper fiat solenis meo. de ieiunio 
ad vtrasqj vs & ad matu. sed no ad missam. Na post missam de 
fes. dicitur missa de ieiunijs vtraqj ad principale altare. 
Nascitur occulta febris tibi februo multa 
Potibus ac escis : minui si tuc bene nescis 
Frigus & horrore fuge : pollice funde cruore 
Suge fauum mellis quo morbum pectore pellis. 



48 A BEDEL'S KALENDAR 

MARCH. 



KL 



Primus madente : disrupit qttuor ' bibente. 
Martius habet dies .xxxi. Luna .xxx. 
Nox habet horas .xij. Dies .xij. 

iij d Martij. Dauid epi .ix. lee. [dirige. no le.] 

e vi no. Cedde epi et cofes. ix. lee. [no le.] 

xi f v no. 

g iiij no. 

xix A iij no. 

viij b ij no. 

c Nonas Perpetue felici. *gi. et mar .iij. lee. [n8 le.] 

xvi d viij Id' 

v e vij Id' 



f vi Id' 

xiij g v Id' Claues pas. Sol. in ariete. Eqnoctiu. [dirige.] 
ij A iiij Id' Gregory 2 pape * & cofes. inferius dup. 

<* pape erased.) 
13) b iij Id' 

14^ x c ij Id' Ultima quadragesima. 

1 5> d Idus 

1 6) xviij e xvij kl Aprilis. 

1 7^ vij f xvi kl Introitus Noe in archam. [dirige. no le.] 

1 8) g xv kl Edvvardi regis & mar. ix. lee. 



xv A xiiij kl 

iiij b xiij kl Cuthberti epi & cofes .ix. lee. 

c xij kl Benedicti abbatis. ix. lee. xvi 

xij d xi kl Primu | pascha. v 

i e x kl Hie adam creatur. 

f ix kl xiij 

ix g viij kl Annuncia. do. min 9 dup. ij 

A vij kl Uigilia. 

xvij b vi kl Resurre. dm' princi. dup. x 

vi c v kl 

d iiij kl xviij 

xiiij e iij kl vij 

iij f ij kl 



19 

20 
21 

22 

23 
24 
25 
26 

27 
28 

2 9 

30 
31 

Proxima do. post primam I posteriori parte huius locatam: erit 
pascha. 

Martius humores gignit : variosqj dolores. 
Sume cibum pure : cocturas si placet vre. 
Balnea sunt sana : sed que superflua vana. 
Uena nee abdenda : nee potio sit tribuenda. 

1 Read quarto, : i. e. March 28th, the 4th day from the end of the month is an 
unlucky one. 

a For ' Gregory ' this printed kalendar has the misprint ' Bregorij.' 



T/" T 

J^. J _ / 



A BEDEL'S KALENDAR 49 

APRIL. 

Denus et vndenus : est mortis vulnere plenus. 
Aprilis habet dies .xxx. Luna .xxix. 
Nox habet horas .x. Dies vero .xiiij. 



1 1) 


g 


Aprilis. 


XV 


i 2\ Xi 


A 


iiij 


no. 




iiij 


3) 


b 


iij 


no. 


Sell richardi epi et cofes. ix. lee. 




4) xix 
5) viij 


c 

d 


ij no. 
Nonas 


Scti ambrosij epi & sfe. ife d'. ix. 1'. 
C Nota (j si aliqd' festu vel ie- 


xij 
i 


6 


xvi 


e 


viij 


Id' 


iuniu in ebd'. pas. cue. nichil fiat 




7 


v 


f 


vij 


Id' 


de fest. vl' de ieiu. nee post nee afi 


ix 


8 




g 


vi 


Id' 


nisi duplex, fe. fue. tune em festu 




9 


xiij 


A 


v 


Id' 


differat vsqj post octa. pas. de ie- 


xvij 


10 


ij 


b 


iiij 


Id' 


iunio vero nichil fiat eo anno. 


vi 


ii 




c 


iij 


Id' 


[dirige] 


12) x 


d 


ij 


Id' 


Sol in thauro. 


xiiij 


13 




e 


Idus 


iij 


14 


xviij 


f 


xviij 


kl 


Maij. Tiburtij valer. & maximi mrf . 




15 


vij 


g 


xvij 


kl 


Claues roga. iij. 1'. inui. d'. 


xi 


16 




A 


xvi 


kl 






17 


XV 


b 


XV 


kl 




xix 


1 8) iiij 


c 


xiiij 


kl 




viij 


X 9) 


d 


xiij 


kl 


Scti alphegi archiepi & mr. iij. 1'c. inui. 


d'. 


20) xij 


e 


xij 


kl 






21) i 


f 


xi 


kl 






22) 


g 


x 


kl 






23) ix 


A 


ix 


kl 


Scti georgij. festu duplex. 




24) 


b 


viij 


kl 






25^ xvij 


c 


vij 


kl 


Scti marci eua. Inferi 9 du. leiuniu. 




26) vi 


d 


vi 


kl 


Letania maior. Ultimu pascha. 




27 




e 


v 


kl 






28 


xiiij 


f 


iiij 


kl 


Scti vitalis mar cu regie chori .iij. 1'c. 




29 


iij 


g 


iij 


kl 


Egressio noe de archa. 


[no Ie] 


3 




A 


ij 


kl 




[dirige] 






Se 


probat in vere vires aprilis habere. 


Cuncta 


renascutur : cunctiqj pori reserantur. 








In 


quo 


scalpescit corpus : sanguis quoqj crescit 




Ergo soluatur venter : cruor imminuatur. 



50 A BEDEL'S KALENDAR 

MAY 1 . 



KL 



Tertius occidit : et Septimus ora relidit. 
Mayus habet dies .xxxi. Luna .xxx. 
Nox habet horas .viij. Dies vero .xvi. 
Maij Philippi & lacobi apl'orf. infe. du. 

Inuetio crucis. min 9 du. mgo. de mar. ale- 
xadro : euentio. 

lohanis ante porta latina. inui. tri. 
*Iohdnis de beuerlaco. iij. lee. cu. reg. cho. 
primi Art. Magistri Oxon. (*in a later hand, in 

pencil) 

Trasla. sctl nicolai. cu reg. cho. no Saru. 
Gordiani 2 & epy. iij. lee. mi. d'. Prla pethe. 

Nerei & achil. atqj pan. iij. lee. inui. du. 

Sol in geminis. 

C Notandu est q, festu transla. set! ced- 
de epi & cofes. sp debet celebrari dfiica p- 
xima an ascefi dni .iij. lee. cum re- 
gimine chori no Saru sj sinodale. 

Dustani archiepi & cofes. ix. lee. memo, de 

sancta potetiana. 
Obitus regis henrici. anno dfii. 1471. (littera 

dflicalis f. tQc. 4. fe. roga.) 



Aldelmi ejpi. med' lee. de sancto vrbano. 
Augustini anglorf epi. fes. du. infe. 

Hermani epi & cofes. iij. lee. inui. du. 



Petronille virg. no mar. iij. lee. cu noct. 
cu extra octa. sctg tri. & cor. xpi contige. 

Mayo secure laxari sit tibi cure. 
Scindatur vena : sed balnea dentur amena. 
Cum calidis rebus sint fercula seu speciebus. 
Potibus astricta sit saluia cum benedicta. 

1 It will be observed that the Bedel has made no MS. entries respecting lectures 
and exercises in this kalendar from May i to June 10, inclusive. 
* The printed kalendar has here the misprint ' Bordiani ' for ' Gordiani.' 




KL 



A BEDEL'S KALENDAR 51 

JUNE. 

Denus pallescit : quindenus federa nescit. 
lunius habet dies .xxx. Luna .xxix. 
Nox hj horas .vi. Dies vero .xviij. 

Nichomedis mar. iij. lee. Inuita. 
Marcellini & petri mar. iij. lee. Inui. dup. 

Bonifacij so. mar. Inuita. dup. iij. lee. 



Medardi & gil. s>fes. iij. lee. Inui. simp. 
Trasla. scti edmudi meo. & medie lee. 

de mar. primo & feli. Inui. tri. 
Barnabe apl'i. Inui. trip. ix. lee. [non le.] 

Basilidis cirini & nabo. iij. lee. Inui. dup. 
Ultima pethe. sol in cacro. Solsticium 1 . [no le.] 2 
lulij. Basilij epi. iij. lee. Inui. sim. 
Uiti & modesti atcg ere. iij. lee. Inui. dup. 
Trasla. scti richardi. Medie 1'c. de scto cy- 

rico & iulita .ix. lee. 
Marci & marcel, fra. Inui. du. iij. lee. 
Geruasij & pthasij fra. Inui. dup. iij. lee. 
Trasla. scti edvvardi regis & mar. ix. lee. 

nisi facte fuerint in .Ix. 

Etheldrede *gi. iij. lee. cu noc. Uigilia. 
Natiuitas scti ioh'is baptiste. mm 5 du. 

lohanis & pauli mar. Inui. du. iij. lee. 

Leonis pape * & cofes .iij. lee cum. noc. 

{* pape erased.) 

iij kl Apl'orf petri & pauli. min 9 dup .ix. lee. 
ij kl Comemoratio scti pauli. Inui. tri. ix. lee. 

Potio que gentes turbat (ceu medo) bibentes. 
lunius vt suadet fugitur tibi : te qj tardet. 
Ne noceat colera valet ista refectio vera. 
Lactuce frondes ede : ieiunus bibe fontes. 

1 ' Solfricinm ' is printed for ' Solsticium.' 

* The absence of marginalia from this point (June 13) to November 6 is 
distinctive of this kalendar. Other copies provide for lectures in the long 
vacation. 



E 2 




52 A BEDEL'S K A LEND A R 

JULY. 



KL 




Tredecimus mactat : iulij denus labefactat. 
lulius habet dies .xxxi. Luna .xxx. 
Nox habet ho. viij. Dies vero .xvi. 

Octa. scti ioh'is baptiste. Inui. dup. iij. 1'c. 
Uisitatio beate marie maius dup. 

Trasla. et ordina. scti marti. ix. lee. 

Octa. apl'orf petri & pauli. Inui. tri. ix. lee. 
Traslatio scti thome mar. minus dup.* 

{*This line is struck through.) 
Dfiica .i. post festu trasla. scti thome cele- 

bretur festu reliquiarf mai 9 dup. 
Septe fratru. Inuita. dup. iij. lee. 
Trasla. scti bndicti .ix. lee. nisi facta fuerit 

in .xl. & tuc fiut. iij. lee. & Inui. du. 

Sol. in leone. Dies caniculares. 

Transla. scti svvituni & so. ix. lee. 

Augusti. 

Kenelmi regis & mar. Inui. dup. iij. lee. 

Arnulphi epi & mar. iij. lee. Inui. sim. 

Margarethe *-gi. & mar. ix. lee. 
Praxedis *gi. no. mar. iij. lee. Inui. simp. 
Marie magdalene. Inuita. tri. ix. lee. 
Apollinaris epi & mar. iij. lee. Inui. sim. 
Xpine *gi. iij. lee. cu. noc. Uigilia. 
lacobi apl'i. Inferius dup. ix. lee. 
Anne matris marie. Inui. tri. ix. lee. 
Septem dormientiu. Inui. dup. iij. lee. 
Sansonis epi. Inui. dup. iij. lee. 
Felicis simpli. & fau. Inui. dup. iij. lee. 
Abdon & sennes. Inui. dup. iij. lee. 
Germani epi & cofes. iij. lee. 

Cui vis solamen | suades iuli medicamen. 
Uenam non scindat : nee ventre potio ledat. 
Somnu copescat : et balnea cuncta pauescat. 
Sittg recens vnda simul allia : saluia muda. 



A BEDEL'S KALENDAR 



53 



AUGUST. 

Prima vetat fortem : perditqj secunda cohortem. 



KL 



C 1 ) vii J 

(2) xvi 


c 
d 


Augusti 
iiij no. 


(3 


V 


e 


u 'j 


no. 


(4 




f 


ij 


no. 


(5 


i xiij 


g 


Nonas 


(6 


ij 


A 


viij 


Id' 


(7 




b 


vij 


Id' 


( 8 ) x 
(9) 


c 
d 


vi 

V 


Id' 
Id' 


(10) xviij 


e 


iiij 


Id' 


" 


vij 


f 


iij 


Id' 


(12 




g 


ij 


Id' 


(13 


XV 


A 


Idus 


(14 


> iiij 


b 


xix 


kl 


(15 




c xviij 


kl 


(16 
17 


xij 
i 


d 
e 


xvij 
xvi 


kl 
kl 


(18) 


f 


XV 


kl 


(19) ix 


g 


xiiij 


kl 


(20 




A 


xiij 


kl 


(21 


xvij 


b 


xij 


kl 


(22 


vi 


c 


xi 


kl 


(23 




d 


x 


kl 


(2 4 


xiiij 


e 


ix 


kl 


(25 


iij 


f 


viij 


kl 


(26 




g 


vij 


kl 


27 


xi 


A 


vi 


kl 


28 




b 


V 


kl 


29 


xix 


c 


iiij 


kl 


3 


viij 


d 


iij 


kl 


30 


e 


ij 


kl 



Augustus habet dies .xxxi. Luna .xxx. 
Nox habet horas .x. Dies vero .xiiij. 

Augusti Ad vincula sancti petri. Inui. tri. ix. lee. 
Stephani pape*. & mar. Inui. du. iij. lee. 

{* pape erased.) 
Inuentio scti stephani ptho .ix. lee. 

Fe. niuis marie virg. scti osvvaldi. inui. du. 
Trasfiguratio dfii. minus duplex. 
Nois iesu. mai s du. ix. lee. donati epi. 
Ciriaci socijs mar. inui. du. iij. lee. 
Romani mar. iij. lee. cu noc. Uigilia. 
Laurentij mar. Inui. tri. ix. lee. 
Tyburtij mar. inui. du. iij. 1'c. 

Ipoliti so. qj eius mar. inui. du. iij. 1'c. 
Septembris. Eusebij psby. Uigilia. 
Assumptio beate marie, princi. du. 

Sol in virgine. 

Octa. scti laurentij meo. tm. 
Agapiti mar. memo. tm. 
Magni martyris. memo. tin. 



Octa. scte" marie, ix. lee. memo, de sctis. 
Timothei & apolinaris. cu noc. Uigilia. 
Bartholomei apl'i. inferi 2 du. ix. lee. 



Ruphi mar. inui. du. iij. lee, 
Augustini epi & doc. infe. du. ix. lee. 
Decol. scti iohanis bapti. inui. tri. ix. lee. 
Felicis & adaucti mar. inui. du. iij. lee. 
Cuthburge virg. no fhr. inui. du. iij. lee. 

Quisquis in augusto viuat medicamine iusto. 
Raro dormitet : estum j coitu quoqj vitet. 
Balnea no curet : nee longa comestio duret. 
Nemo laxari debet : nee fleubothomari. 



54 A BEDEL'S KALENDAR 

SEPTEMBER. 

Tertia septembris : et denus fert mala membris. 
~\7* T September habet dies .xxx. Luna .xxx. 
J^. J ^ Nox habet horas .xij. Dies vero .xij. 

xvi f Septemb. Egidij abbatis .ix. lee. 

v g iiij no. 

3^ A iij no. 

4) xiij b ij no. Trasla. sctl cuthberti. ix. 1'c. nisi fue. in .xl. 

5 ij c Nonas Bertini abbatis .iij. lee. cu noc. 

6 d viij Id' Dies caniculares finiutur. 

7 x e vij Id' 

f vi Id' Natiuitas scte" marie virg. mai 9 dup. 
xviij g v Id' Gorgonij mar. me"o. tm. Eq'noc. autu. 

S* bertelin (?) Staffordie 1 . 

10 vij A iiij Id' 

11 b iij Id 7 Prothi & hiacinti. me"o. tm. 

12 xv c ij Id' 

13 iiij d Idus 

14 e xviij kl Octob. Exalt, crucis. min 9 dup. ix. 1'. Sol in lib. 

15 xij f xvij kl Octa. nati. Inui. tri. mgo. de scto nicho. 

1 6 i g xvi kl Edithe virgi. no martij. ix. lee. 

17 A xv kl Lamberti epi & mar. iij. lee. Inui. sim. 

1 8 ix b xiiij kl Obserua mesis noni ieiunia semper. 

19 c xiij kl Post exaltata feria quarta lucem *. 

*crucem (written in pencil against lucem, 
in a comparatively modern hand). Of 
course the reference is to exaltatio crucis. 

Uigilia. 

Mathei apl'i & euag. Inferius dup. 
Mauricij sociorucg eius mar. ix. lee. 
Tecle virg. no mar. iij. lee. cu. noc. 

Firmini epi & mar. iij. lee. Inui. simp. 
Cypriani & iusti. Inui. du. iij. lee. 
Cosme & damiani fra. Inui. du. iij. lee. 

Michaelis archageli. Inferius du. 

Hieronymi psby. Inferius du. ix. lee. 
Fructus maturi septembri sunt valituri. 
Et pira cum vino : panis cum lacte caprino. 
Quaqj dat vrtica tibi potio fertur arnica. 
Tune venam pandas : speciem cu semine mandas. 

1 St. Bertelin or Bettelin, hermit and patron of Stafford, ministered to St. Guthlac. 
The saint had prescience that Bettelin intended to murder him with a razor, but 
having brought him to a better mind he employed him to shave him for the remain- 
der of his days, circ. 800. See Cardinal Newman's Life of St. Bettelin, among 
English Hermit Saints, 12, 1844, with verses by Father Dalgairns. See also 
Newman's Provisional Calendar of English Saints (i 843), at Sept. pth. Lives 
(ed. 1901), vi. p. 386. 




A BEDEL'S KALENDAR 



55 



OCTOBER. 







Tertius 


& denus : est sicut mors alienus. 


TV 7 " T October habet dies .xxxi. Luna .xxx. 
J*\* 1 v Nox habet horas .xiiij. Dies veto .x. 


(' 


xvi 


A 


Octob. 


Remigij germa. ve. & ba. ix. lee. 


(2 


V 


b 


vi no. 


Leodegarij mar. et poti. iij. lee. Scti tho- 


(3 


xiij 


c 


v no. 


me herforden. no saru sed sinod'. 


4 


ij 


d 


iiij no. 




5 




e 


iij no. 




6 


X 


f 


ij no. 


Fidis virginis & mar. iij. lee. Inui. simp. 


7 




g 


Nonas 


Marci et marcel. Inuita. dup. iij. lee. 


8 


xviij 


A 


viij Id' 




(9 


vij 


b 


vij Id' 


Dionysij so. mar. ix. lee. 


10 




c 


vild' 


Gereonis so. mar. iij. lee. Inuita. simp. 


ii 


XV 


d 


vld' 


Nichasij so. Inui. dup. iij. lee. 


12 


iiij 


e 


iiij Id' 




13 




f 


iij Id' 


Trasla. scti edvvardi regis & 9 fes. ife. du. 


M 


xij 


g 


ij Id' 


Calixti pap*. Inui. d'. iij. 1'. Sol I scorpioe. 








(*pap. erased.) 


('5) i 


A 


Idus 


Uulfranni epi. ix. lee. 


(16) 


b 


xvij kl 


Noueb. Michael' in mote tuba. ix. lee. 


('7 


ix 


c 


xvi kl 


Trasla. scte" etheldrede. ix. lee. 


?i8 




d 


xv kl 


Luce euangeliste inferius dup. 


( T 9 


xvij 


e 


xiiij kl 


Fredeswide virginis. ix. lee. 


(20 


vi 


f 


xiij kl 




H 


g 


xij kl 


Undecim milia *gi. Inui. dup. iij. lee. 


(22) xiii) 


A 


xikl 




( 2 3) "J 


b 


xkl 


Romani epi & cSfes. iij. lee. cum noc. 


( 2 4) 


c 


ixkl 




(25) xi 


d 


viij kl 


Crispini & crispiniani. Medie lee. de sctO 


(26) 


e 


vij kl 


iohane beuerlaco. ix. lee. 


(27 


xix 


f 


vikl 


Uigilia. 


(28 


viij 


g 


vkl 


Simonis & iude infe. dup. 


(29 




A 


iiij kl 




(30 


xvi 


b 


iijkl 




(3i 


V 


c 


ijkl 


Quintini mar. iij. lee. cu noc. Uigilia. 


October vina prebet cum carne ferina. 






Necnon 


aucina caro tune valet vt volucrina. 


Quauis sit sana : tamen ipsa repletio vana. 






Quatum 


fas comede : sed non precordia lede. 



A BEDEL'S KALENDAR 

NOVEMBER. 

Scorpius est quintus : & tertius est nece cinctus. 

Nouember habet dies .xxx. Luna .xxx. 
JL\. 1 > Nox habet horas .xvi. Dies vero .viij. 

[) d Noueb. Oim sanctot?. maius dup. ix. lee. 

5) xiij e iiij no. Commemoratio alar?, ix. lee. 

ij f iij no. Uuenefrede tfginis & mar. ix. lee. 

g ij no. 

x A Nonas 23 (A black-letter D here (5th)) l 

b viij Id' Leonardi abbatis. ix. lee. [n le] 
viij c vij Id' 

vij d vi Id' Quattuor corona, mar. Inui. du. iij. lee. [no le] 

e v Id' Theodori mar. iij. lee. Inui. simp. 
xv f iiij Id' 

iiij g iij Id' Martini epi & 5 fes. Inui. trip. ix. lee. 

A ij Id' 

xij b Idus Bricij epi et cSfes. Inui. dup. iij. lee. [dirige] 

i c xviij kl December. Sol in sagittario. 

d xvij kl Machuti epi & cofes. ix. lee. 

1 6) ix e xvi kl Edmudi archiepi. Inui. trip. ix. lee. [misa] 2 

f xv kl Hugonis epi & cofes. ix. lee. 

:vij g xiiij kl Octa. set! mar. epi. Inui. dup. iij. lee. 

vi A xiij kl [no le] (? does this no'k refer to 
the 1 9th or 2oth day) [misca] <? mista) 

[20 b xij kl Edmundi regis. ix. lee. 
xiiij c xi kl 

iij d x kl Cecilie virginis & mar. ix. lee. 

e ix kl dementis pape *. ix. lee. Incipit hyems. [no le] 

( *pape erased ) 

xi f viij kl r. iij. 1'c. Griso. ma. (Inui. sim. hj dies, xci.) 

g vij kl Katherine *gis & mar. ix. lee. [no le] 

xix A vi kl Lini pape * & mar. iij. lee. Inui. simp, 

viij b v kl (*pape erased) 

c iiij kl 

^29^ xvi d iij kl Saturnini & sisinnij. lee. Uigil'. 

(30) v e ij kl Andree apl'i. Infe. dup. ix. lee. [n8 le] 

Post festu lini : erit semper aduentus dfii . Aspiciens. 
Uis sanus fieri . J curetur reuma nouembri. 
Quodqj nocens vita : tua sit seruata dieta. 
Balnea cum venere : tune nulli prosit habere. 
Potio tune sana : nee iusta minutio vana. 

1 ' D ' here indicates a dies matus, one of the unlucky ' Egyptian ' days, of 
which there were two in every month ' Scorpius est qnintns.' But tertius, i. e. 
Nov. a 8, the third from the end of the month, has no ' D ' to it. 

2 misa (Nov. 16) probably marks the mass for Humfry and Lewis Charleton. 



Tx^" T 

X V 1 -J 



A BEDEL'S KALENDAR 57 

DECEMBER. 

Septimus exanguis : virosus denus et anguis. 
December habet dies .xxxi. Luna .xxx. 
Nox habet horas .xviij. Dies vero .vi. 



(I 




f 


December 


) 














Y 


xiij 


g 


iiij 


no. 






(3 


ij 


A iij 


no. 






(4 


x 


b 


ij 


no. 


Depositio set! osmudi epi & sfes. ix. 


lee. 


5 




c 


Nonas 






6 


i xviij 


d 


viij 


Id' 


Nicolai epi. Inui. trip. ix. lee. 




7 


i vij 


e 


vij 


Id' 


Octa. set! andree apl'i. Inui. dup. iij. 


lee. 


8 




f 


vi 


Id' 


Coceptio btg marie, minus dup. ix. lee. 


(p) xv 


g 


v 


Id' 






(io) iiij 


A 


iiij 


Id' 






iij 


b 


iy 


Id' 






1 2) xij 


c 


ij 


Id' 


Sol in capricorno. Solsticium* 




13) i 


d 


Idus 


Lucie virginis et mar. 




14) 


e 


xix 


kl 


lanuarij. 




15) ix 


f 


xviij 


kl 






1 6) 


g 


xvij 


kl 


O sapla. Nulle deinceps fiat pees ad vs. 


1 7 S xvij 


A 


xvi 


kl 




[Massa] l 


(18) vi 


b 


XV 


kl 






('9) 


c 


xiiij 


kl 






(20) xiiij 


d 


xiij 


kl 


Uigilia. 




21) iij 


e 


xij 


kl 


Thome apfi. Inferius dup. ix. lee. 




22 




f 


xi 


kl 






23 


xi 


g 


x 


kl 


. 




2 4 




A 


ix 


kl 


Uigilia. 




25 


xix 


b 


viij 


kl 


Natiuitas dni nostri iesu xpi. p'n. du. 




26 


viij 


c 


vij 


kl 


Stephani pthomar. minus dup. 




(27} 


d 


vi 


kl 


lohanis apl'i et euageliste. minus du. 




(28 


xvi 


e 


v 


kl 


Sctorf innocentiu mar. minus du. 




(2 9 


v 


f 


iiij 


kl 


Thome archiepi et mar. minus du. 




(30 




g 


iij 


kl 






(31 


xiij 


A 


ij 


kl 


Siluestri pape* et cofes. ix. lee. 


{* erased) 



Sane sunt membris res calide mense decembris. 
Frigus vitetur : capitalis vena sectetur. 
Lotio sit vana nee plurima potio sana. 
Sit tepidus potus : na frigus abhorreo totus. 

1 Massa (17 Dec.) refers to the requiem for Henry de Lacy. 



58 A BEDEL'S MEMORANDA 

After the annotated Sarum Kalendar there are inserted fifty leaves 
of writing-paper, of which the first is torn out, and others numbered 
1-7 are blank. Then the Bedel's memoranda begin in a hand of the 
early part of the sixteenth century : 

* 8 Rawl. * Prefixed is this formula for the Bedel to proclaim the 

* In vigilia sancti martini. 

HODIE orandum est pro omnibus benefactoribus huius alme 
vniuersitatis, tarn pro viuis, quam pro defunctis. 

Et i pro sanctissimo patre nostro (pape) leone x Ql cum cardina- 
lium vniuersali contubernio. 

Nee non et pro reverendissimo in Christo patre et domino, domino 
Willelmo divina providentia Cantuariensi archiepiscopo, totius anglie 
primate, quondam huius alme vniuersitatis cancellario dignissimo, 
nuper defuncto 2 . 

Ac etiam pro sanctissimo patre et domino, domino lohanne 
lincolniensi episcopo, nostro diocesano, ac huius alme vniuersitatis 
cancellario dignissimo 3 . 

Et pro venerabili patre et domino, domino W lincolniensi episcopo 
ac diocesano nostro defuncto 4 . 

Et pro venerabili patre et domino, domino Edmundo Sarum episcopo 
defuncto 8 . 

2. Orabimus pro bono et prospero statu metuendissimi regis 
nostri henrici octavi 6 . 

et domine anne (altered to iane) consortis regis nostri 7 . 

* P- 9- *(I n an older-fashioned hand begins the Bedel's bidding of bedes 
or proclamation for the same occasion (Nov. 10), in an earlier form.) 

HODIE (hoc est in vigilia sci Martini episcopi) orandum est 
pro omnibus benefactoribus huius alme vniuersitatis, tarn pro 
viuis, quam pro defunctis. 

Et primum pro sanctissimo patre nostro (papa) leone decimo 
{. . . &c., &c., as above, only mentioning Abp. William Warham as 
still chancellor, and William [Smyth] as bishop of Lincoln still living, 
i.e. between 1513-28). 

1 Leo X reigned 1513-21. 

a Abp. Warham was chancellor of Oxford 1506 till his death in August, 1532. 
3 Bp. Langland was chancellor 1532-47. * Bp. Smyth, d. 1528. 

s Bp. Audley, d. 1523. ' King Henry VIII succeeded in 1509. 

7 Anne Boleyn was married in 1529, and crowned in 1533; Jane Seymour 
married in 1536, d. October 14, 1537. 



A BEDEL'S MEMORANDA 59 

Secundo orabimus pro prospero statu metuendissimi regis nostri 
henrici octavi, 

et Domine Katerine, consortis regis nostri l . 

Tercio orabimus pro animabus omnium benefactorum defunctorum, 

et specialius pro anima aluredi regis, huius alme vniuersitatis primi 
fundatoris 2 . 

et pro anima Regis henrici quarti, huius alme vniuersitatis bene- 
factoris 8 . 

et pro animabus regis Henrici septimi * ; 

domine elisabeth consortis sue 5 

et domine margarete, matris regis henrici sexti 8 , 

et pro animabus venerabilium patrum ac dominorum 

domini H. bewforth, cardinalis, et wintonensis episcopi 7 . 

domini lo. Kempe cantuariensis archiepiscopi 8 . 

domini thome Kempe, londoniensis episcopi '. 

et domini lohannis de Strathaia wintoniensis episcopi 10 . 

et magistri Ric. hothfelde, olim archidiachoni middilsexue n . 

humfridi, quondam ducis gloucestrie 12 . 

ac pro animabus 

domine Ele de langsypath, olim warwki comitisse ls . 

Simonis de yslepe 14 , 

Walteri Shelton 16 , 

henrici roberi 16 , 

lo. Danvers, et lohanne consortis sue 17 , 

et non solum pro hijs, sed pro omnibus alijs, dicendus 

est De profundis, cum suis suffrages. 

*(Jan. 14, Resumpczo). * 8Rawl. 

.. . 662. p. ii. 

xuij. lanuanj, resumpcio magistrorum. 

1 Queen Katharine of Aragon, divorced in 1529, d. Jan. 6, 1536. 

a King Alfred, d. Oct. 26, 901. 3 King Henry IV, d. Mar. 20, 1413. 

* King Henry VII, d. April 21, 1509. 

5 Elizabeth of York, crowned 1487, d. Feb. n, 1502. 
' Margaret Beaufort, d. June 29, 1509. 
7 Cardinal H. Beaufort, d. April n, 1447. 

* Jo. Kemp, abp. of Canterbury, d. March 22, 1454. 

* Bp. T. Kemp, d. March 28, 1489. 

10 Probably Bp. J. Stratford, d. Aug. 23, 1348. 

u Archd. Ri. Heathfield, not mentioned by Hardy-Le Neve. 

12 Humphrey, duke of Gloucester, d. Feb. 23-4, 1446-7. 

13 Ela Longespe", the younger, d. Feb. 9, 1297-8. 

14 Abp. Simon Islip, d. April 26, 1 366. ls Walter Sheltone, d. May 6 (? 1340). 

16 Gilb. Rowbury, d. May 15, circ. 1320. 

17 Dame Joan Danvers, d. Nov. 13, circ. 1457. 



60 A BEDEL'S MEMORANDA 

(After this follow sixteen pages (i 1-26) of the notices of obits, &c., 
to be proclaimed throughout the year by the bedels. But as these 
now appear in full from Hearne's MS., vol. Ixix. pp. 2-34, in this 
Society's printed Hearne's Collections, vol. vi. pp. 267-72, it will suffice 
to give a brief summary and explanation in this place. The MS. 
used by Hearne was ohm 'Arch. Bodl. A. 127': hodie 'MS. Bodl. 
918.') 

21 Jan. St. Vincent's eve. Dirge for Walter Nell', or Neel, or 
Neell, citizen of London, lord of Efhingham (or Asshenden) d. circ. 
1344, and brother J. Scofey, Scopheya, Shepey, or Staford, monk and 
prior of Rochester. 

24 Jan. (Sunday letter) B. Dirge, &c. for K. Edward III 
(d. 21 June, 1377) and Thomas (Beaufort), duke of Exeter 
(d. 1426). 

* 8 Rawl. * 9 Feb. E. Obit of Ela, countess of Warwick 1 (260 Edw. Ill, 
662 P- 12 ' 9 Feb. 1297-8). 

10 Feb. F. Mass of the Burgesses on St. Scholastica's Day, 
for the murder of scholars in 1354. See Mun. Acad. (i) 195-202; 
(ii) 463-4. Ayliffe's A ntient and Present State of Univ. Oxon. i. 133. 

* p. 13. * 21 Feb. C. Dirge, &c. for Ela de Longespe', countess of 

Warwick, and for K. Henry (III), her cousin. (See above at 
9 Feb.) 

23 Feb. E. St. Matthias' eve. Mass for Humphrey, duke of 
Gloucester, 1447. 

* p. 14. * 27 Feb. F. Eve of St. Augustine. Dirge for Symon Islip, 

abp. of Canterbury, 26 April, 1366; John Thoresby, abp. of York, 
6 Nov. 1373; W. de Edyngton, bp. of Winton, 7 or 8 Oct. 1366; 
John de Kynewell ('KenwelT Hearne ; Gynwell), bp. of Lincoln, 
d. 5 Aug., 1362. 

i March, D. St. David's day. Dirge for Philip de Turvyle, 
canon of Lichfield, d. in 1337. He endowed a 'Winter' chest, 
i. e. one to which the custodian was annually appointed in Winter. 

1 Ela (countess of Warwick by her first marriage) was daughter of the noble 
and devout Ela, countess of Salisbury, foundress of Lacock and Hinton. The 
countess of Warwick herself founded a chantry at Godstow. Some have thought 
that her father, W. Longespee, was son of Fair Rosamund, as undoubtedly he was 
of King Henry II. Ela was buried at Osney Abbey, and is said to have lived in 
her widowhood at Heddington. She was a benefactress to Merton, and was foun- 
dress of a cista or loan fund, the ' Warwick Chest,' to which a curator was appointed 
every winter. She held the manor of Hook Norton, Oxfordshire, by grand ser- 
jeantry, claiming to carve before the King, her cousin, in hall on Christmas Day, 
and receiving the knife for her fee. (Placit, 13 Edw. I.) W. Lisle Bowles, Hist, 
of Lacock Abbey, pp. 160-1. 



A BEDEL'S MEMORANDA 61 

* nth March, G. St. Gregory's eve. Dirge for H. de Gildford * 8 Rawl. 
or Gyldeford alias le Marshall, cir. 1313. He also endowed a 'Winter' 662> p< I5> 
chest. 

17 March, F. St. Edward's eve. Dirge for K. Henry IV. He 
died March 2oth, 1413. 

' Cessacio Magistrorum/ on the eve of Palm Sunday. 

' Cessacio Determinatorum/ Wednesday before Palm Sunday. 

' Resumpcio Magistrorum post Pascha,' Wednesday after [the 
introit] Quasimodo geniti (viz. Low Sunday). See Missale Sarum, 

P- 385. 

* On the same day, mass for Thomas Wagham (or Vaughan) and * p. 16. 
James Hussey. 

loth April, B. Placebo and Dirige (i. e. Evensong and Mattins of 
the Dead). 

i ith April, C. Obit of H. Beaufort, bp. of Winton, Cardinal (d. 
1447), or, in case there is then vacacio (Hearne reads conuocacio), 
then upon Wednesday after the masters ' Resumpcio '. 

* After the Easter Octaves, exequies for the following : * p- 17- 
J. (Kempe), abp. of York, cardinal, d. 22 March, 1454. 

Edmund (de Beaufort), duke of Somerset, marquis of Dorset, 
d. 1455. 

Richard (Vyall), prior of Wytham (in Selwood), of the Carthusian 
Order. 

Mr. Stephen Wilton, archd. (of Winchester, and of Cleveland), 
d. June or July, 1457. 

Richard Waller, or Wallez ('Walker,' Hearne}, master of the 
cardinal's household. 

W. Moreys, or Marreys, treasurer of Wolvesey. 

W. Tolye ('Folye/ Hearne}. 

W. deavill' porte (' W. Porte/ Hearne), executors (with W.Whaplode, 
his steward) of the will of Cardinal Beaufort, whose will dated 22 Jan., 
1446-7, with a codicil of April, 1447, after his death on nth April, 
was proved u Sep., 1447. See Nicolas, Testamenta Vetusta, p. 252, 
and cf. Mun. Acad. (ii) 333. 

* 30th April, A. Dirge for Walter le Gray, abp. of York, d. i May, * p. 18. 

1255- 

ist May (SS. Philip and Jacob) mass for the aforesaid. 

5th May, F. Dirge for W. Seltone, or Shelton, canon of Wells, 
who replenished the cista de Selton et Universitatis, d. 6 May, Pcirc. 1320. 

* Qth May, C. Dirge for Reginald le Bedell {alias seruiens), d. * P- X 9- 
10 May (before 1316). 



6a A BEDEL'S MEMORANDA 

xoth May, D. Dirge for K. Henry VII, d. 21 April, 1509. 
* 8 Rawl. * Wednesday after Trinity Sunday, mass for Gilbert de Routhberie, 
662, p. 20. R ot hbery, or Rowbury, d. 6 May, cir. 1320. 

26th May, F. St. Augustine of England's day, mass for Gilbert de 
sancto Leofardo, bp. of Chichester, d. 12 Feb., 1305. 

Wednesday after Trinity Sunday, ' Resumpcio magistrorum regen- 
cium.' 

1 5th June, E. Dirge and mass for J. de Langton, Bp. of Chiches- 
ter, d. 17 June, 1337. He endowed a 'Winter' chest. 

* p. 21. * 24th June (G.). St. John Baptist's day, Dirge for H. de Hercley 

or Harklay, chancellor of the Univ., d. 25 June, cir. 1315. 
Every term of the year, mass with solemn procession for 
the King and Queen, 
the peace of the Studtum, 
Benefactors of the University, 
the Departed. 

Also on (16 Nov. E.} St. Edmund ('Edward' MSS.) the Con- 
fessor's day, the anniversary of K. Henry III of pious memory, 
d. 16 Nov., 1272. 

At Mid Lent, a solemn procession to St. Frideswide's for the peace 
and tranquillity of the University, with mass of St. Fridiswide virgin, 
viz. Dilexisti (the introit for a virgin not a martyr, as well as for 
a virgin martyr. Missale Sarum, p. 724*). 

* p. 22. * 12 Oct. E. Eve of St. Edward, Dirge for K. Richard II 

('Edward,' Hearne). He died Feb. i3th or i4th, 1400. The day 
appointed for his mass was that of the Coronation of his successor, 
Henry IV. 

1 3th Oct. F. Mass for the aforesaid. 

Circiter Octob. 19-31. Between St. Luke's Day and All Hallows, 
solemn exequies for J. Kempe, cardinal, Abp. of York, and his 
nephew T. Kempe, Bp. of London, d. 28 Mar., 1489, with certain 
collects for Richard Holyfyld {' Lichfield,' Hearne. Statutes of 1478, 
relating to T. Kempe, are printed in Mun. Acad. (i) 351, 354-5, 
but I see no reference to R. Holyfyld.} 

* P- 23. 30th Oct. G. Dirge * for K. Henry V, d. 31 Aug., 1422. 

3ist Oct. A. Mass for the aforesaid. 

loth Nov. E. The day before Martinmas, mass for Walter de Gray, 
who died i May, 1255, and the Benefactors, and all faithful souls, 
nth Nov. G. St. Martin's Day, Placebo and Dirige for the same. 

* p. 24. * On St. Martin's Eve (xoth Nov. F.}, the Chaplain of the University 

goes round the schools of the Masters and prays for the Benefactors 



A BEDEL'S MEMORANDA : FEES 63 

by name. (For this interesting ceremony see Mun. Acad. (i) p. 83, 
Ordinance of 1306.) 

1 2th Nov. A. and i3th Nov. B. Dirge and mass for Sir W. Danvers 
and dame Joan his widow, who endowed a ' summer' chest in 1457, 
and for Matilda, countess of Exeter (? ' Oxon/ Hearne} and their 
friends, which all must attend from the antiphon Audivi vocem to 
v Magnificat ' at evensong to the antiphon Ego sum, to ' Benedictus ' 
at lauds of the Dead (see Brev. Sarum, ii. 272-81), and from the 
Gospel at mass up to the third Agnus Dei (after the consecration and 
before the communion of the priest). (See Missale Sarum, p. 623.) 

* 1 6th Nov. Eve of St. Edmund, Abp. C., mass for K. Henry III. * Raw!. 
i9th Nov. A. Dirge for Humphrey Charleton (Chanc. 1354, Preb. ' p< 

of York, 1361-83) and his brother Lewis (Chanc. 1357; Bp. of 
Hereford, 1361-9) ; 

20th Nov. B, St. Edmund, K. M. Mass for the aforesaid Humf. 
and L. Charlton. 

23rd Nov. E. St. Clement's Day, mass for Ela Longespe*, countess 
of Warwick, who gave 80 to cista de Warwic\ (See above at Feb. 9 
and 21.) 

* 29th Nov. D. St. Andrew's Eve, Requiem mass for Q. Eleanor of * P- z6 - 
Castille, consort of K. Edward I. She died 29 Nov. 1290. 

4th Dec. B. St. Osmund's day. Dirge for J. de Pontisera (Pon- 
toise), Bp. of Winchester, d. 4 Dec., 1304, who endowed a chest 
(Mun, Acad. p. 82), and for John Maunsell and (his nephew) John 
Maunsell. 

1 7th Dec. A . Mass for H. de Lacy, earl of Lincoln, who died in 
1312. 

Also ' Cessacio lecture Magistrorum/ the same day. 

[DE FEODIS TABULA.] 

Here follows on pp. 27-36 a table of Fees for Degrees in Civil 
Law, Canon Law, for Inceptors who can expend forty pounds per 
annum clear. 

These will be found printed from Hearne's Diaries, vol. Ixix. p. 23 
foil., in Hearne's Collections, vi. pp. 272-4. 

In the Bedel's Book (8 Rawl. 662), pp. 37-9 remain blank. 

Pages 40, 41 are occupied with musical staves, for three voices, 
for the ascending and descending hexachord, vl . . re me fa sol la la 
sol fa mi re vt re mi. I do not know whether there was any musical 
test ever applied at Oxford as there used to be under the Founder's 



64 A BEDEL'S MEMORANDA 

Statutes at Winchester College. When the late Bishop of St. Andrews 
became 'Hostiarius' or Second Master there in 1835, he found it was 
the custom for boys on admission even if they could sing well to 
cover the deficiencies of less gifted schoolfellows to reply to the 
question put by the Warden 'Can you sing?' simply by saying a 
verse of the ' Old Hundredth ' Psalm in an ordinary voice. At 
Cambridge, an M.A. of King's used to read Greek to a Bedell, and 
a member of any other college was examined in Greek by a Bedell. 
See Gunning's Ceremonies, pp. 168, 171, 173. Mustek was one of the 
Liberal Arts. 

[8 Rawl. Then follow, on pp. 42-5, in a roman hand of the sixteenth 
century. 

[FORMVLE.J 

On admission of a Doctor. 

Summons to mass for Q. Eleanor. (See above, Nov. 29.) 

Summons to mass for Walter Neel, lord of Asshendon, brother J. de 
Scopeya (Shepey), prior of Rochester. 

' quorum animabus propicietur Deus I ' 

The like for K. Edward III, and Thomas, duke of Oxford. Also 
for K. Henry IV. These will be found printed at length in Hearne's 
Collections, vi. pp. 274-5. 

* 8 Rawl. * A D conuocacionem omnes doctores, magistri regentes et non 
3 > P- 45- J-^ regentes hora 2 a pomeridiana post pulsacionem paruecampane 
per fidem. 

Pages 46-50 still remain blank. 

Next to them is bound up Savonarola's Exposition of the Psalms, 
Miserere^ &c., printed in gothic letter. 

And on the fly-leaves at the end of it occur entries of Fees at 
Degrees and the Bedel's Receipts from Inceptors, &c., in the years 
1566 and 1567. 
* p- *33- * M. Pouell. 

M. Ewans. 

M. Hayis. 

Item for y e Commyssary and y e proctors . . . vij s. 

Item for halfe comons . vj d. 

Item for y e scrybe . . . . . . \}d. 

Item for y doctors serwant and y vnywarssyte Clarke . iiij d. 

Item amonge y e bedels . . . . . . xv d. 

Item y e bedels of y e fackulte vj d. 

Item pro cumulo anni Instantis xx d. 



A BEDEL'S MEMORANDA 65 

* Chargys of a bachyllar of dewynytte beyng * p. 134. 

no componder. 

Hys cullet 1 muste he pey yerly. 
Pro anno instante . . . . . . iij s. iiij d. 

For enteryng of senttans 2 among the bedels . " . . xvj. 
Item for keppyng of y e scollys vnto y e Doctar . iij s. iiij d. 

For halfe commyns, yf he beny 3 . . . . viijd. 

and yf he be not vj d. 

The vny varssytte clarke ij d. 

For wyne sylwer, yf he be promottyd . . . . vij s. 
or else non. 

* The yemans dewttye of lawe. * p. 135- 

For fyssycke. 

Item for a bachyllar vj d. 

Item a docter for hys Inceptourshypp .... ij s. viij d. 
Item for hys vyspers 4 . . . . ' . . . ij s. viij d. 
Item for hys acte xx d. & vij d. 

* Item peyd to y 9 procters . . . . . vj d. * p. 136. 
Item peyd to y e scrybe vj d. 

Item peyd to Tolderwey 5 ij d. 

Item peyd to Shewsmythe ij d. 

Item peyd to syr Crosse ij d. 

Item master Gybartte . . . .' . . . iij d. 

Item to Woodstone ....... iij d. 

1 cullet : or ' colet,' ' cumulatio' an annual or terminal fee paid to the bedells. 
See Register of the Univ. of Oxford (ed. Clark), ii. pp. 64, 108-9, 2J 8-33, 458. 
' Cumulatio ' is used as equivalent to the payment by a grand-compounder, ' cumu- 
latus,' ii. 64 n. 

2 enteryng of senttans: the intratio lecturae \alicuius~\ libri Sententiarum 
[Petri Lombardi] was required of Inceptors in Theotogy. Mun. Acad. (ii.) 295. 
This was changed at the Reformation into lectio alicuius epistolarum Diui Fault 
(Reg, Univ.ii. 136 .). 

8 yf he beny : 'si sit beneficiatus.' 

* hys vyspers : ' in vesperiis comitiorum,' i. e. the Saturday before the Act, on 
both of which occasions Disputations of Inceptors were held, Reg. Univ. ii. 
82, 169. 

5 This and the following names probably belonged to the ' clericus domini 
doctoris,' the bell-ringer (' pulsatori campanarum'), and the bedels of the faculty. 
J. Shewsmith was Clericus Univ. in 1565 (Reg. Univ. ii. 262). W. Gilbert, 
superior bedel of arts, 1553-73; Matt. Crosse, inferior bedel of theology, 1607, 
d. 1656 (?) ; J. Toldervey, inferior bedel, first of theology, 1540, then of arts, 
1541-67, his name being very variously spelt, Reg. Univ. iv. 414, index; Nic. 
Woodson, superior bedel of theology, 1559, died of the pestilence in I57 1 - See 
Reg. Univ. ii. pp. 257-60. 

F 



66 A BEDEL'S MEMORANDA 

For fyssycke [Anno 1566.] 

Item for master docter Harreys * ... . . vij s. vij d, 

Item for master docter Slythurste - . . . . vij s. vij d. 

Item for master docter Attyslow 8 vij s. vij d. 

Item for master docter Gyfforde 4 . vij .$. vij d. 
Summa totalis . . xxx s. iiij d. 

For law [Anno 1567.] 
Master Doctar Merrycke 8 . 
Master docter Barttlette 6 . 
Master docter Constanttyne 7 . 
Master docter Belly 8 . 
Master docter Lyche 9 . 
Master docter Samon 10 . 

Miss A. F. Parker (who has kindly supplied a portion of these 
extracts) notes some fragmentary entries on p. 140 of the Bedell's 
Book, part being torn away. They probably refer to fees paid to the 
Bedel about 1567. 

P. HO- * [M. Squyjre Proctter " xjj. xj</. 

[M. Pryjcherd of New Yn 12 xj s. xj d. 

[MJaster Constantyne of [coll. torn of] 13 . . . xj s. x]d. 

[Mjaster Twyne u xiij d. 

Item received of master Gylbartte 18 in parte off peyment x s. 

1 Dr. Harreys (not identified). No mention seems to be made of Dr. Ro. Huycke, 

M.A.,fellowof Merton, M.D. Camb., physician to Q. Elizabeth, incorp. Sept. 6, 1566. 

4 Ri. Slithurst, practised medicine at St. Peter's-in-the-East. He was commanded 

to prepare to dispute in Physick at Q. Elizabeth's visit in 1566. Wood-Bliss, 

Fasti, i. 1 76 . 

E. Attslow, fellow of New College, M.D., Aug. 27, 1566. 
Roger Gifford, All Souls, M.D., Aug. 30, 1566. 

Edmund or Edward Meryk or Merwick, Univ. , D.C.L., July 14, 1567. (Dr. 
White had protested in 1566. See Reg. Univ., ed. Boase, i. 227.) 

H. ' Berkley,' New College,D.C.L., April 19, 1567. (' Barckley,' or ' Bartlei.') 
W. Constantine, All Souls, D.C.L., April 21, 1567. 
J. Belly, provost of Oriel, D.C.L., July 4, 1567. 
Ro. Leech, Ch. Ch., D.C.L., July 7, 1567. 
10 T. Sammon, All Souls, D.C.L., July 4, 1567. 
u Possibly Adam Squyre, of Balliol, who was elected proctor in 1567. 
18 There was one J. Pricharte, Uprichard (Aprichard), B.C.L., in 1560. 
18 John Constantine took his M.A. degree in 1567, and William Constantine, of 
All Souls, was D.C.L. in the same year. The reference is (perhaps) to the latter. 
14 Lawrence Twyne, of All Souls, B.C.L., 1564; or Thomas Twyne, of Corpus 
(poet and almanac-maker of ' prognosticacions '), M.A., 1568, who subsequently 
studied medicine at Cambridge, where he took the degree of M.D. in 1580. 

14 Was this Nicholas Gibbard (or Gibbert), M.A., 1566, M.D., 1571, or 
W. Gilbert, the superior bedel ? 



THREE OXFORD KALENDARS 

FROM THE 

COMMISSARY'S AND PROCTORS' BOOKS 
OF THE FIFTEENTH CENTURY 



%* MS. A, the Chancellor's or Commissary's Book, cir. 1410. 
MS. JB, the Southern (or Senior) Proctor's Book, A.D. 1477. 
MS. C, the Junior (or Northern) Proctor's Book, A.D. 1407. 

MS. A is first printed consecutively throughout on pp. 68-79. 
This is followed by MSS. C and 2?, which stand on alternate pages, 
the one opposite to the other. 

The places where passages in MS. A have been obliterated are 
marked thus .... by dots. Some notes are given from the earlier 
(fourteenth-century) M S T. 

We owe the revision of these pages to Mr. C. L. Stainer. 



F 2 



68 THE CHANCELLOR'S KALENDAR [MS. A. 



KL 



[Prima dies mensis et septima trun- 
lanuarius cat vt ensis] 1 

... H "^^. 

vn a 

b iiij N 

xi c iij N 

d ij N 

xix e fsj 

viij f viij Id' Epiphaniadm 

g vij Id' 

xvi a vi Id' 

v b v Id' 

c iiij Id' 

xiij d iij Id' 

ii e ij Id' 

f Idibj Sancti hillarij. le. fe. 

x g xix Kl' februarius Resumpco 

a xviij Kl 

xviij b xvij Kl 

vij c xvi Kl 

d XV Kl See Prisce v'gis 

xv e xiiij Kl ScT Wulstani 9ff non. d' 

iiij f xiij Kl SCOT/ fabiani 1 sebast'. n. le. 

g xij Kl See agnetis. v'g'. ^ rmr. le. fe 

dirige 

xij a xi Kl Sci vinxentij. mr. non. le 

ta s 3 i b x Kl Missa 



c x Kl dirige no ; d> 

ix d viij Kl Conuersio sancti pauli. n. le 

e vij Kl ^ k Q i c m i sse ifesse? slgti 



f vi Kl regetes ab evagelio vsj 

' ^J post agn 5 del n 1 liceci 

VI g V ati a cacelario 

a iiij Kl 

xiiij b iij Kl . 

iij c ij Kl 



>4, 

a 5 

36 

a?" 
18 

2 9 J 

3 
3'j 

Missa f> Rege Edwardo t'cio cum diacono 1 subdiacono de Beata virgine cu 
collecta p eo in vita 1 post obitum de Requiem cu placebo 1 dirige orns Regentes 
tenetur int'esse misse ab eiongiio usqj post Agnus dei nisi pris hita licencia a Can- 
cellario. 

Missa in die sci vincencij p Walt'o Neel de Londdo 1 lofine de Schepeye cu 
diacono 1 stdiacono de . . . cum oronibj Inclina. Fidelium qs dfle aiabj . . . Deus 
q caritatis . . . 

1 [It was evidently intended to write this series of memorial lines for all the months, 
to show in each which two days (counting the former from the beginning and the 
latter backwards from the end of each month) were ' dies malae ' or ' Egyptiacae? 
unlucky for taking physic, baths, blood-letting, or other serious undertakings. But 
as this Kalendar (in MS. A) is drawn up in double columns the lines for January, 
May and July have chanced to be ousted I insert these in brackets. Jan. 25, marginal 
note : Missa. Jan. i should be iij a.] 



MS. A.~\ THE CHANCELLOR'S KALENDAR 



69 



I 




d. 


LV 


JL- 


2 j 


xi 


e 


iiij 


N 


X 


xix 


f 


iij 


N 


.4 : 


viij 


g 


ij 


N 


y 




a 


_h 


J 


6 


xvi 


b 


viij 


Id' 


x 


v 


c 


vij 


Id' 


"8" 




d 


vi 


Id' 


9^ 


xiij 


e 


v 


Id' 


10 


ij 


f 


iiij 


Id' 


ii 




g 


"j 


Id' 


12 


x 


a 


ij 


Id' 


"13 




b 


Idibus 


'14' 


xviij 


c 


xvi 


Kl 


"l5" 


vij 


d 


XV 


Kl 


X 




e 


xiiij 


Kl 


J 7 


XV 


f 


xiij 


Kl 


18 


iiij 


g 


xij 


Kl 


19 




a 


xi 


Kl 


20 


xij 


b 


x 


Kl 


21 


i 


c 


ix 


Kl 


22 




d 


viij 


Kl 


2 3 


ix 


e 


vij 


Kl 


. 2 4. 




f 


vi 


Kl 


"25" 


xvij 


g 


v 


Kl 


X 


vi 


a 


iiij 


Kl 


"27" 




b 


iij 


Kl 


X 


xiij 


c 


ij 


Kl 



sb'it morte pst'nit. iij. forte 
Februarius. 



See brigide virginis. 
Purificaco sancte mar'. 
Sancti blasij epi 



mr. 



n5d' 

non. le 

le. fe 



See Agathe v'ginis 1 mr. 



See Scolastice v'g' Missa 
Translaco see frideswide. v'g'. 
Sci valentini. Marc 9 . 



no. d' 

no le 



Cathedra sci petri 

Obit 9 hufridi ducf glous . , 

Sci mathie apl'i. 



non. d. 
non. le. 
non. d' 
non le. 



Translaco sancti augustini. 

[Marginal note, Feb. 1 1 : Obit 9 Efij nup regie. Marginalia about Feb. 2 ist- 
22nd, and 27th-a8th (referring probably to Ela, countess of Warwick, and to Simon 
Islip, J. Thoresby, W. Edyngton, and J. Kynwell or Gynewell have been blotted 
out entirely. 

Feb. 12. 'Transl. S. Frideswide.' An insertion in T (= Trin. Coll., Camb., 
MS. R. 14. 29) a kalendar revised for Oxford, cir. 1340. 

Feb. 14. Marc, should have come after Kl. 

Feb. 21. This entry should be one day later. 

Feb. 22. ' Missa pro anima Domine Ele de Longespeie cum placebo et dirige.' T. 

Feb. 28. ' Trans. S. Aug.' T. 

Feb. 28. Should be xiiij c ij Kl., and the entry on the day before; large note 
below has been blotted out. ' Translacio Sci Augustini. non le.' T.~\ 



7 o 



THE CHANCELLOR'S KALENDAR [MS. A. 



I 


iij d ^ 


L> 


J- 


/ Sci dauid .... 




6 


T 


N 


QpJ*4- C*f*AAf* (Ob 




xi f 


VI 


ITI 
N 




L 4 = 


g 


iiij 


N 






5" 


xix a 


iij 


N 




6 


viij b 


ij 


N 




'i 


c 


N 




See 




8" 


xvi d 


viij 


Id' 




"9" 


v e 


vij 


Id' 




10 


f 


vi 


Id' 




ii 


xiij g 


V 


Id' 




12 


ij a 


iiij 


Id' 


Scl gregorij. pp. 


13" 


b 


iij 


Id' 




"14" 


x c 


ij 


Id' 




"15" 


d 


Idibus 


= i6 


xviij e 


xvij 


Kl 


April'. 


V 


vij f 


xvi 


Kl 


Sci patricij di ge 


"18" 


g 


XV 


Kl 


Sci edwardi reg'. 


"19 


xv a 


xiiij 


Kl 




20 


[iiij] b 


xiij 


Kl 


Sci Cuthb'ti epi. 


21 


c 


xij 


Kl 


Sci bndicti abb'is. 


22 


[xij] d 
[i] e 


xi 

X 


Kl 
Kl 




24 


f 


ix 


Kl 




V 


[ix] g 


viij 


Kl 


Annunc' dnica. 


"26 


a 


vij 


Kl 




=2 7 


[xvij] b 


vi 


Kl" 


k 


' 2 8_ 


[vi] c 


V 


Kl" 




29 


d 


iv 


Kf 




"30 


[xiiij] e 


iij 


Kf 




.3* 


[iij] f 


;j 


Kf 





madate dirupit. iiij 1 . bibete 
Marc'. 

n5 le 

no le 



no. d. 
n. le 



no. d' 
no. le 



n. le 

le. . 
no. d 
no 1 * 
no le 



no d 
no le 
no le 



[Marginalia at the top of the column and at March 1st and i ith (referring pro- 
bably to Philip de Turville and Henry de Gyldeford) have been completely blotted 
out. Margbal note on the left of March 17 and 18 reads : $> h. 4 1 . . . : Mar. I 
' S. Dauid.'. T. Mar. 2. ' S. Cedde. Missa pro anima mag. Philippi turuel, et 
sunt ordinaciones.' 7 1 . Mar. 12. ' Missa pro h. de guldeforde.' T. Mar. 17-20. 
SS. Patrick, Edward, and Cuthbert in T.] 



MS. A.] THE CHANCELLOR'S KALENDAR 71 

t 

T f T Den 9 1 vnden 9 e mortis uuln'e plen 9 
K April'. 



I 




g- 


LX.J 


L-/ 






2 


xi 


a 


iiij 


N 






X 




b 


iij 


N 




. no. d' 


4. 


xix 


c 


ij 


N 


Sci ambrosij. 


non. le 


y 


viij 


d 


N 








'6 


xvi 


e 


viij 


Id' 


Semp quarta feria post dmcam q 




1 


V 


f 


vij 


Id' 


cantat Offru quasi modo geniti fi 




V 




g 


vi 


Id' 


at missap lacobo Husee 1 Tho 




[9 = 


xiij 


a 


V 


Id' 


Vahwhan. 




10 


ij 


b 


iiij 


Id' 






ii 


J 


c 


j 

iij 


Id' 


ObitS> henrici cardial epi Wynton 










J 


T 1 1 






12 


X 




ij 


Id 






X 

X 


xviij 


e 

f 


Idibj 
xviij 


Kl 


px se^te resupcoej lect . . . Mrol 
post octabas pasche N. q. I fine 
libri fo. 66 qngetas mrc*. .... 




. X 5_ 


vij 


g 


xvij 


Kl 






'i6~ 




a 


xvi 


Kl 






17 


XV 


b 


XV 


Kl 






X 


iiij 


c 


xiiij 


Kl 


! ramis palma.ll 




X 




d 


xiij 


Kl 






20 


xij 


e 


xij 


Kl 


. 




21 


i 


f 


xi 


Kl 






22 




g 


M 


Kl 




no. d' 


X 

X 

25 


ix 
xvij 


a 
b 
c 


M 

[viij] 
[vij] 


Kl 
Kl 
Kl 


Sci Georgij. M?. 
Sci Marci efingl'iste 


non. le 
non. d' 
no. le 


"26" 


V J 


d 


[vi] 


Kl 






V 




e 


M 


Kl 






x 


xiiij 


f 


[iiij] 


Kl 


non d 




X 


Sj 


g 


[iij] 


Kl 


Sci petri de Melan. 


no le 


>. 




a 


[ij] 


Kl 




no dis 



qrta 

[Marginalia about April i6th and soth (relating probably to John Kempe and 
Walter le Gray) have been entirely blotted oat. At the foot of the column I trace 
the words ' quarta feria post octa [pasche] ' which may relate to J. Kempe and the 
executors of Cardinal Beaufort. Apr. 3. S. Ricardi ep.' T. Apr. 30. Dinge. 
nond.' 7 1 .] 



72 THE CHANCELLOR'S KALENDAR [MS. A. 

[Tercius occidit : etseptimusora relidit] 







K 




Maius 


dirige 


I 


xi 




Pk 




Apl'ol/ ph'i 1 iacob'. 


no. le 


2 




c 


vi 


N 




n5. d' 


A 


xix 


d 


V 


N 


Inuenco see crucis. 


non. le 


.4, 


viij 


e 


iiij 


N 






"5 




f 


"j 


N 






V 


xvi 


g 


ij 


N 


Scl loh'is an porta lat'. 


n. le 


x 


V 


a 


N 


8 




b 


viij 


Id' 






[9, 


xiij 


c 


vij 


Id' 


Placebo dirige p. A. reg'. bed 


i 


10 


ij 


d 


vi 


Id' 


Missa pro anima eiusdem. 




n 




e 


V 


Id' 






12 


X 


f 


iiij 


Id' 






! 13 , 




g 


9 


Id' 






,**, 


xviij 


a 


ij 


Id' 






15 


vij 


b 


Idibus 


See Fredeswyde 


non le 


16 




c 


xvij 


Kl 


lunii 


> 


"i?' 


XV 


d 


xvi 


Kl 






^18 


iiij 


e 


XV 


Kl 


no. d 




= J 9 5 




f 


xiiij 


Kl 


Scl dustani. n6 le 




20 


xij 


g 


xiij 


Kl 






21 


i 


a 


xij 


Kl 






22 




b 


[xi] 


Kl 






; 23 

24. 


ix 


c 
d 


H 

Rxl 


Kl 

Kl 






_ 

"35 


xvij 


e 


L J 

[viij] 


Kl 




no. d' 


"26 


vi 


f 


[vij] 


Kl 


Scl augtini agloT/L epl 


n. le 


'27 




g 


[vi] 


Kl 






"28 


xiiij 


a 


M 


Kl 






2Q 


iii 


b 


[iiij] 


Kl 






. " 

.3 


"j 


c 


L 111 JJ 

w 


Kl 






.3 


xi 


d 


[ij] 


Kl 







Semp quarta Feria post festu see T'nitat*f fiat 

Missa p aia Guilberti de Roubyry .... 

[May i, marginal note on right hand : Missa p Waltero de Grey. Marginalia 
at May 5th, nth, 23rd and 29th have been blotted out. They may have referred 
to W. Seltone, K. Henry VII, Gilbert de Rothbury, the ' Resnmpcio ' on 
Wednesday after Trinity Sunday, and possibly to Gilbert de Sacto Leofardo. 
May i, ' Missa pro W. Gray.' T. May 10, ' Ob. Reginald! bedelli cum placebo [et] 
dirige.' T. May 13, ' Semper quarta feria post trinitatem missa pro Gilberto de 
Roubiry.' T. May 18, ' Inv. S. Frideswide.' 71 May 24, ' Scl dominici confessoris. 
non d.' T. May 25, ' Aldelmi. Sci Francisci conf. non le.' T. May 26, ' Missa 
pro Gilberto de S. Leopardo.' T.] 



MS. A.~\ 


THE CHANCELLOR'S KALENDAR 


73 


i 


XL 


Den 9 pallescit qnden 9 fed'a nescit 
lunius 


2 


xix 


f 


iiij 


N 






: 3 = 


viij 


g 


iij 


N 


(era- 




.4, 




a 


ij 


N 


sure) 




.5. 


V 


b 


N 








"6" 




c 


viij 


Id' 






y 


xiij 


d 


vij 


Id' 




no. d' 


8 


ij 


e 


vi 


Id' 


Sci Will'i ebolA 


non. le 


y 




f 


V 


Id' 


Tnslaco sci Edmudi. 


no. le 


10 


X 


g 


iiij 


Id' 




no. d' 


ii 




a 




Id' 


S' Barnabe apl'i. 


no. le 


12 


xviij 


b 


ij 


Id' 






'j- 


vii 


c 


Idibus 








" J 4. 




d 


xviij 


Kl 


lulii 




"15 


XV 


e 


xvij 


Kl 




non. d' 


X 


iiij 


f 


xvi 


Kl 


Transl'o sci Ricardi. [Missa] n o. le 


"17 




g 


XV 


Kl 


pro lohne de Langton qndm 




, 


xij 


a 


xiiij 


Kl 

TTT 1 


cicestren ep5 cu diac' et stdiac' 
N ordiac' ciste de langton. 93. f 




19 


i 


b 


xiij 


Kl 


nunc 76 b 




20 




c 


xij 


Kl 






21 


ix 


d 


[xi] 


Kl 






22 




e 


H 


Kl 


Sci albani 


no le 


"23 


xvij 


f 


[ix] 


Kl 






= 2 4 


vi 


g 


[viij] 


Kl 


Sci loh'is Baple 


no le 


X 
"26 


xiiij 


a 
b 


[vij] 
[vi] 


Kl 
Kl 


Sci Eligij [dirige] 


lefe 


"28 


iij 


c 

d 


M 
[iiij] 


Kl 
Kl 


Sci Icon' pp 


non d. 


" 2 9 


xi 


e 


[iij] 


Kl 


Apl'ol/ petri t pauli 


non le 


'30 




f 


[ij] 


Kl 


Comemoraco sci pauli. 


lefe 



[June 15, marginal note on right hand : dirige. Jane 16 : Missa. June 24 : 
dirige. The latter probably refers to H. de Hercley. June 16, ' Missa Lang[ton].' 
T. June 25, ' Missa pro h. herclay le. fe.' T.~\ 



74 THE CHANCELLOR'S KALENDAR [MS. A. 



KL 



[Tredecimus mactat iulij : denus labe- 

factat] 

lulius 

xix g vi N 

viij a v N Scol/ pcessi 1 martiniani. le. fe 

b iiij N 

xvi c iij N Transl'o sci martini. le. fe 

v d ij N 

e [sl non. d' 

xiij f viij Id' Tnslaco sci thome nir. n. le 

ij g vij Id' 

a vi Id' ... Missa die cessa- 
X b V Id' [cionis de Spu Sco] 

C iiij Id' vt in fo. 43. 

xviij d iij Id' 

vij e ij Id' festa sacte Mildreth 

f Idibus 

xv g xvij Kl Augustus 

i7j iiij a xvi Kl 

18] b xv Kl 

19 xij c xiiij Kl 

20 i d xiij Kl n5. d' 

21 e xij Kl See margarete v^inis. n. le 
33] ix f xi Kl non. d' 

g x Kl See marie magdal'. no. le 

24j xvij a ix Kl 

25* vi b viij Kl non. d' 

26" c vij Kl Sci lacobi apl'i. non. le 

27" xiiij d vi Kl S' Anne mr marie le. fe 

28] iij e v Kl Dedicaco [ecc'e see marie] 

29" f iiij Kl 

30^ xi g iij Kl 

31] a ij Kl 

xix b i Kl Sci g'mani epi. non. d' 

[In the above table the whole of the entries in columns four and five are one place 
too high. To correct it, therefore, the first entry should run ' [i] xix. g. KL. 
lulius,' and the last entry i KL. should be removed. The result of this error has 
been that A. Wood has been misled into giving the old Dedication Day of 
St. Mary's Church as June (he meant to say July) 26th, whereas it really belongs 
to July 27th. Dr. Shad well explains this in his Oriel Calendar. There are 
passages blotted out in the margin about the 4th, 7th, nth, 26th and 27th, and at 
the foot of the column. I feel some doubt as to the subject of these obliterated 
notes. July 6. ' Missa de cessacione de trinitate.' T.~\ 



MS. A.~\ THE CHANCELLOR'S KALENDAR 75 



-9J 
10 

ii 

12 



3 1 . 



KL 



P'a necat forte : pditqj s'a choorte 
Augustus. 



xiij c JL Jk. ^ Aduincula sci pet'. no. le 

d iiij N 

v e iij N Inuenco sci steph'i. le. fe 

f ij N 

xiij g N 

ij a viij Id' 

b vij Id' 

x c vi Id' 

d v Id' no. d' 

xviij e iiij Id' Sci laurencij. mr. no.Je 

vij f iij Id' 

g ij W 

xv a Idibus Sci ypoliti soc'. q$ ei 5 my.. le. fe 

iiij b xix Kl no. d' 

c xviij Kl Assumpco see marie. n. le 

xij d xvij Kl le. fe 

x e xvi Kl 

f xv Kl 

ix g xiiij Kl 

a xiij Kl 

xvij b xij Kl 

vi c xi Kl 

d x Kl no. d' 

xiiij e ix Kl Sci Bartholomei. apl'i. n. le 

iij f viij Kl 

g vij Kl 

xi a vi Kl 

b v Kl S' Aug^tini epi 1 doctor'. n. d' 

xix c iiij Kl Decollaco sci loh'is bapt'. n. le 

viij d iij Kl 

e ij Kl 

[There is an obliteration in the lower margin, but as the page is in double columns 
it is quite possible that the blackened note related to the companion month on this 
page, viz. July, and that August (like September) had no marginalia in the Com- 
missary's Book. Aug. i, should be viii c ; Aug. 2, xvi d iiij N ; Aug. 1 7, i e xvi 
KL] 



76 THE CHANCELLOR'S KALENDAR [MS. A. 



I 


T^" T t'cia septeb's 1 den 9 fert 
1^ Se[p]tember 

xvi f A Ik. 1 -* Sci egidij Abb' is 


mala mbris 
lefe 


2 


v g iiij N 




A 


a iij N 




4. 


xiij b ij N 




"5" 


ij c N 




6 


d viij Id' 




Y 


x e vij Id' 


no. d' 


^8 


f vj Id' Natiuit' see Marie. 


no. le 


[9 


xviij g v Id' 


le. fe. 


ip 


vij a iiij Id' 




ii 


b iij Id' 




12 


xv c ij Id' 




~I3 


iiij d Idibus 


no. d' 


X 


e xviij Kl Exaltacb see crucis. 


n. le 


15 


Xij f xvij Kl vacaco icep* oil 




"16 


i g xvi Kl 




X 7 


a xv Kl 




X 


ix b xiiij Kl 




"19" 


c xiij Kl 




20 


xvij d xij Kl 


non. d' 


21 


vi e xi Kl Sci Math'i apl'i. 


non. le 


22 


f x Kl 




2 3. 


xiiij g ix Kl 




>4. 


iij a viij Kl . 




2 5j 


b vij Kl 




''26 


xi c vi Kl 




2> L 


xix d v Kl 




X 


e iiij Kl 


no. d' 


*9_ 


viij f iij Kl Sci Michael' archagl'i. 


n. le 


.3. 


g ij Kl 


le. fe 



MS. A.'] THE CHANCELLOR'S KALENDAR 



77 



KL 



t'ci 9 1 denus : sic mors alienus l 
Octob' 



I 




a . 


L^A-rf 






2 


v 


b 


vi N 






x 




c 


v N 






x 


ij 


d 


iiij N 






"5" 




e 


iij N 






g' 


x 


f 


ij N 






x 




1 

g 


N 






"8" 


xviij 


a 


viij Id' 






y 


vij 


b 


vij Id' 


S' dionisii soc'o'V q3 eius^ 


le. fe 


10 




c 


vi Id' 


Resupco p* 1 cessaco dmca ordinria 




n 


XV 


d 


v Id' 


lectura vsqj I crastinu see Frideswyde 







.... 




T ]' 


Missa 1 Resup de S. sco 


rvr H' 


12 


iiij 


e 

f 


lllj la 
iij Id' 


Sci Edwardi regis. 


ilwll. l_i 

no. le 


V 


xij 


g 


ij Id' 






"IS 




a 


Idibus 






"16 




b 


xvij Kl 


Nouemb' 




V 


ix 


c 


xvi Kl 




no. d' 


'18' 




d 


xv Kl 


S' luce eungl'iste 


no. le 


X 


xvij 


e 


xiiij Kl 


See frideswide virginis 


n5. le 


20 


vi 


f 


xiij Kl 




le. fe 


21 




g 


xij Kl 






22 


xiiij 


a 


xi Kl 






33 




b 


x Kl 






2 4 




c 


ix Kl 






"25 


xi 


d 


viij Kl 






X 


xix 


e 


vij Kl 






2 7 




f 


vi Kl 




no. 


'28 


viii 




v Kl 




no. 




V"J 


a 


iiij Kl 






"30 


xvi 


b 


iij Kl 






"s 1 


v 


c 


ij Kl 


Sci quintini mr - 


no. d' 



[A note in the lower margin of the October column has been obliterated. The 
Dirige on the 3oth was probably that for K. Henry V, that on the nth being 
for K. Richard. There appear to have been marginalia about the 6th, nth, and 
a 7th. Oct. 4, ' Francis.' T. Oct. 10, ' Missa de resumpcione de S. Spiritu.' T. 
Oct. 19, 'S. Frideswide V.' T. Oct. I, should be xvi a ; Oct. 3, xiij c v N; Oct. 
23, iij b x Kl.] 

1 Read, 'est sicut 1 .' 'Tertia cum dena clamat, sis integra vena.' MS. Harl. 273. 



THE CHANCELLOR'S KALENDAR [MS. A. 

T jr T Scorpi 9 e qnt 9 1 iiij 9 e nece vict 9 l 
K Nouemb' 



I 


d 


IV 


J^ 


J Omniu scoty 


no. le 


2 


xiij e 


ij 


N 


Comemoraco aial 


no. le 


y 


ij f 




N 






.4. 


g 


ij 


N 






"5 


x a 


N 


n5. d' 


'6 


b 


viij 


Id' 


Sci leonardi abb' is 


no. le 


y 


xviij c 


vii 


Id' 




.dis. 


's 


vii d 


vi 


Id' 


Sci lodowyci 


no le 


t! 


e 


V 


Id' 






10 


XV f 


iiij 


Id' 




no. d' 


n 


iiij g 


iij 


Id' 


Sci martini epi. 


non. le 


w 


a 


ij 


Id' 


p bnfcorib^. missa. c. pla. r 


L d'. pc 


J 3 


xij b 


Idibus 


Sci bricij epi 


lefe 


X 


i c 


xviij 


Kl 


Decemb 




X 


d 


xvij 


Kl 




no. d' 


16 


ix e 


xvi 


Kl 


S' Edmudi archiepi 




"l7 


f 


XV 


Kl 


S' hugonis. epi. 




* / 
'18 


xvij g 


xiiij 


Kl 






X 


vi a 


xiij 


Kl 




no. d' 


20 


b 


[xij] 


Kl 


S' Edmudi reg'. 1 mr. 


n. le 


21 


[xiiij] c 


[xi] 


Kl 






22 


[iij ^ 


x 


Kl" 


See cecilie. virg'. 




23 


e 


ix 


KI J 


Sci clemtis. pp. 




i)_ 

X 


[xi f 


viij 








ge 


[xix cr 


vii 


KI; 


See kat'ine. v*gin'. 




*J 
2O 


L A - " S 

a 


V1J 

vi 








'27' 


viij b 


V 


Kl 






'28 


c 


iiij 


KI; 






X, 


xvi d 


iij 


Kl 






.3. 


[v e 


ij 


KI; 


Sci Andree apl'i 





[At Nov. nth there is a blot. Was there a note here about Walter de Grey, or 
the Danvers dirige ? There are two paragraphs blotted out at the foot of the 
column. 

Nov. ii, 'non le. Dirige.' T. 

Nov. 1 2, ' Missa pro w. le grey.* T. 

Nov. 23, ' Missa pro Ela com[itissa].' T. 

Nov. 30, ' Missa pro Elyanora regina.' 7*.] 

1 Read, perhaps, ' iij 9 . . . viwctus.' Some copies have ' tercius est nece cinctus.' 
' Quinta nocet membris partes et [i]iij*. Nouembris.' MS. Harl. 273. 



MS. A.'] THE CHANCELLOR'S KALENDAR 



79 



KL 



I 


f . 


L^X- 


2 


ij g 


iiij N 


X 


a 


iij N 


.4, 


x b 


ij N 


y 


c 


N 


6 


xviij d 


viij Id' 


Y 


vij e 


vij Id' 


8 


f 


vi- Id' 


L9, 


[xv] g 


v Id' 


10 


iiij a 


iiij Id' 


II 


b 


iij Id' 


12 


[xii] c 


ii Id' 


X 


[i] d 


Idibus 


X 


e 


xix Kl 


V 


ix f 


xviij Kl 


X 


g 


xvij Kl 


V 


xvij. a 


xvi Kl 


"18" 


vi b 


xv Kl 


X 


c 


xiiij Kl 


20 


xiiij d 


xiij Kl 


21 


iij e 


xij Kl 


22 


f 


xi Kl 


"23^ 


xi g 


x Kl 


-H 


xix a 


ix Kl 


"25" 


b 


[viij] Kl 


'26 


viij c 


[vij] Kl 


'27" 
''rf 


d 
xvi e 


[vi] Kl 
[v] Kl 


>9] 
>o 


[v] f 
g 


[iiij] Kl 
[iij] Kl 


.3 1 . 


[xiij a 


ij] Kl 



vii 9 . exaguis viros 9 den 5 ut anguis 
Decemb' 



Deposico S. Osmudi 

S' Nicholai epl 1 conf. 
Concepco see marie 



no le no 

non. d 
n. le 

nd le 



See lucie virginis. n. le. nisi le. fe 



O. sapiencia. 



Sci Thome apl'i. 



Natiuitas dni. 

Sci Stephani 

Sci lohis 

Sci Innocentes 

Sc 9 Thomas Cantuar. 

Sci siluestri. 



no. d'. 
non. le 



non. d' 
non. le 



no. d' 

non le 



[There is an entry at Dec. i6th blotted out. Probably it referred to the obit of 
H. de Lacy, earl of Lincoln, and to the cessacio magistrorum. 

Dec. 4, St. Osmund, who died in 1099, was not canonized until January, 1457. 
Dec. 6, ' Missa pro lohanne de pontois.' T. 
Dec. 17, ' Missa pro Henr. de Lacy.' T,~\ 



8o JUN. PROCTOR'S CALENDAR [MS. C. 



KL 



[i] 3 A jk. ,*- -^ laniDi 5 Circucisio dm no le 

[a] b 4 MS Oct' s' Stephani 

[3] ii c 3 Nsi Oct' s' lohannis 

[4] d 2 Nsi Oct' s' InnocecrQ 

[s] 19 e ris Nsi Octa' s' Thome no dis 

[6] 8 f 8 Id' Epiphania dm no le 

W g 7 W 

[s] 1 6 A 6 Id' S 1 luciani p'sbiteri 

[9] 5 b 5 W 
[, ] c 4 Id' 
[] 13 d 3 Id' 

[H] 26 2 Id' 

[13] f Id' Id' Oct' EpiphSIe C Si Illarij le fe 

[14] 10 g 19 KT februar' C S e felicis Resupcio M^ Regecifl 

[is] A 1 8 Kl' Si Mauri abbtf 

[16] 1 8 b 17 Kl' Si Marcelli p$e 

[17] 7 c 1 6 Kl' Si Sulphicij cof 

[18] d 15 Kl' S Prisce virg' 

[19] 15 e 14 Kl' S { Wlstani epi no dis 

[ao] 4 f 13 Kl' S^ fabiai ^ sebast' no le 

[ai] g 12 Kl' S e Agnetis vig* . Dirige le fe 

[aa] 12 A ii Kl' SiVincencijMissapW[iiro]Neelcudiac 

(1 subdiac no le 

[a 3 ] i b 10 Kl' 

[34] c 9 KF Dirige no dis 

[35] 9 d 8 Kl' Conu'sio sci Pauli Missa p reg' Edward' 3 

cu dia H: subdia . . . [Tho.] bevfort no le 
[36] e 7 Kl quondam duels Exon. 

[ 37 ] 17 f 6 KF Si luliani cof ' 

[as] 6 g 5 Kl' S e Agnetis so^ 
W A 4 KF 

[ 3 o] 14 b 3 KF Se Batildis regie 
[ 3 ,] 3 c 2 KF 

[Jan. 13, marginal note on right hand, beginning ' istis diebus,' has been blotted 
out. I read also the words ' now fient d . . . cum . . . ordinarie vsitatis . . . fo. 21.' 
Jan. 22, ' Will'o' erased to ' W (i.e. Waltero). Jan. 25, in margin : Ista missa 
e S'dico** a p'n eu[angelij] vss ad 3 agn? dl n 1 cu disp[ensa]coe cacellarij. See 
also add. in Arch. B and A, pp. 81 and 68.] 



MS. .] SEN. PROCTOR'S KALENDAR 81 

lanuarius. 



KL 



[i] 3 A JL It. *- -^ Circucisio dm. 

[a] b 4 N* Oct' sci Stephi. 

[3] 1 1 c 3 N' Oct' sci loh'. 

[4] d a N' Oct' scd^L Innoc'. 

[5] 19 e N' N' Octa Scti Thomse n6 dis 

[6] 8 f 8 Id' Eph'ia domini no le. 

W g 7 Id' 

[s] 1 6 A 6 Id' Sci luciani p'sbri. 
[9] 5 b 5 W 
[10] c 4 Id' 
[.,] 13 d 3 Id' 
[ia] a e a Id' 

[13] f Idus. Oct' ephie. C Sci hillarij. le fe 

[14] 10 g 19 Kl' Februarij. C [S]ce felic'. Resupcio magr olf. 

regencifl. 

[15] A 1 8 Kl' Sci Mauri abb'. 

[16] 1 8 b 17 Kl' Sci Marcelli . . . 

[17] 7 c 1 6 Kl' Sci Sulphic' epi. 

[ts] d 15 Kl' See Pisce vig'. 

[19] 15 e 14 Kl' Sci Wlstani epi. no dis 

[so] 4f 13 Kl' Sco^ FaW 1 sebastii. no le 

[ai] g 12 Kl' See Agnet' v'g*. Dirige. le fe 

[aa] i a A ii Kl' Sci Vicecij. Missa p W. Neel cu dia 1 

subdia . no le 

[a 3 ] i b 10 Kl' 

[4] c 9 Kl' no dis 

[a 5 ] 9 d 8 Kl' Cou's' s pauli. Missa p reg' Edw. 3. 

cu di<>. <l sb'di . Et C scurrent" p tho 

[a6] e 7 Kl' quonda duce Glou. no le 

[a 7 ] 17 f 6 Kl' Sci luliani cof.' 

[as] 6 g 5 Kl' See Agnet' so^. 
M A 4 Kl' 

[30] 14 b 3 Kl' See Batild' regie. 
[3.] 3 c 2 Kl' 

[Jan. 16, pape has been erased. Jan. 25, marginal note on right hand has been 
blotted out.] 



82 JUN. PROCTOR'S KALENDAR [MS. C. 



KL 



[i] d A 1L. JL-/ Februar^ SB Brigide v*g' n5 dis 

[a] 1 1 e 4 N si Purificacio bte Marie no le 

[ 3 ] 19 f 3 Ns Si Blassij epi 1 MY le fe 
[4] 8 g 

S Agathe virg' a Mr le fe 

S^ Vedasti 1 Amandi 



Obitus Ele com' War' an' rr' ed' 260 
Se Scolast' v*g' Tuc tenef Burgenc' offerr' 
I ecc: b e m e 

no dis 
S e frideswide no le 

Marcij S Valetini 
S e luliane virg' 



Dirige no dis 
Cathedra sci Petri Missa p comit' Ela 

cu dia et stdi no le 

S luliae v'g' Missa p aia hufridi ducf Glocestf no dis 

S 1 Mathie apll no le 



Dirige no dis 

Si AugUStini Missa p Simone Cantuarieci lohanne no le 
Thoresby Ebor Willmo Edyngton lohanne Synwel 
Episcopis cum diaconis 1 subdiaconis 

[Feb. IO, original note in left-hand margin : No* cot Burge I coposicoe. 

Feb. 22, note in left-hand margin : Dirige. The Mass for Dnke Humphrey is 
an early addition, but is an original entry (in blue) in the somewhat later MS. B. 
There is also a note in the margin : ' Obiit dux Gloc' a do 1 . I4xlvii ' (i. e. 1447) 
'Widlij '(?)] 




MS. B.] SEN. PROCTOtfS CALENDAR 83 

Februarius. 



KL 



[i] d JL a^ JL-rf See Brigide vg'. f no dis 

[a] ii e 4 N' Purificacio be marie. no le 

[ 3 ] 1 9 f 3 N' Sci blasij epi 1 mr. le fe 

[ 4 ] 8 g 2 N' 

[ 5 ] A N' N' See Agathe vig' <l rilr. 

[6] 1 6 b 8 Id' Sco^ ved' 1 amad'. 

W 5 c 7 W 

[8] d 6 Id' 

[9] J 3 e 5 1^' Obitus Ele com Warr' a rr Edw'. 260. 
[10] 2 f 4 Id' See Scolast' vig'. Hie tenef Burgenc' 

offerr' I eccl'ia be m e . 

[n] g 3 Id' non dis 

[n] 10 A 2 Id' See Frideswyde no le 

[13] b Idus. 

[14] 1 8 c 1 6 Ell' Marcij. C Sci valentini. 
[.5] 7 d 15 Kl' 

[16] e 14 Kl' See luliane v^'. 
[, 7 ] 15 f 13 Kl' 
[,8] 4 g Kl' 
[r 9 ] A ii Kl' 
[20] 12 b 10 Kl' 

[21] i c 9 Kl' ^ Dirige. no dis 

[22] d 8 Kl' Cathed sci pet 1 . Missa p comit' Ela c di. 

H. sb'di. Dirige. no le 

[ a a] 9 e 7 Kl' See luliane virg'.* Missa p ala hflfrid' 

due' Glocest'. n5 dis 

[24] f 6 Kl' Sci Mathie apl'i. no le 

M 17 g 5 Kl' 
[26] 6 A 4 Kl' 

[27] b 3 Kl' Dirige. no dis 

[28] 14 c 2 Kl' Sci August'. Missa p Symone Cant'. 

lohanne no le 

C Thoresby Ebol/. Will'o Edyngton. 

loh'e Kynwell' 
C Episcopis cu diacono 1 subdiacono. 

[Feb. 7, in left margin : decimo die mensis februarij celebret exequie p aia 
Elijabet quoda regine anglie. Elizabeth of York died ii Feb. 1502. See 
p. 59, above. 

Feb. 23. The words ' See luliane virg'.' have been struck out, and ' a dni 
1447 ' is inserted as the date for Duke Humphrey's death.] 



G 2 



84 JUN. PROCTOR'S KALENDAR [MS. C. 



w 
[3] 
[4] 
[5] 

W 
W 
W 
W 


ii 

19 

8 

16 

5 


d. 
e 
f 

g 
A 

b 
c 

d 

e 


J^ 

6 
5 
4 
3 

2 
*/* 

ns 
8 
7 


Vj 

Ns 
Ns 
Ns 
Ns 
Ns 
Ns 
Id' 
Id' 


L-/ Marci 9 Si Dauid Wall' Dirige 
S 1 Cedde epi Missa Turyle 

S^ Ppetue 1 felicitatf S'' Thoe de Alquino 


no le 
no le 

no dis 
no le 






f 


6 


Id' 


, 




[] 


13 


g 


5 


Id' 


Dirige 


no dis 


[la] 


2 


A 


4 


Id' 


S 1 Gregorij p^e ^ doctoris Missa p a herici 


no le 












de Gildef de req'e 




[>3] 




b 


3 


Id' 


i 






10 


c 


2 


Id' 






C'S] 




d 


Id' 


Id' 






[6] 


18 


e 


17 


Kl' 


April' 


no dis 


0] 


7 


f 


16 


Kl' 


Si Patricij epi Dmge 


no le 






g 


15 


Kl' 


Si Edwardi regis 'I MY Missa {> Rege Henrico 














q?to 


lefe 


[19] 


15 


A 


14 


Kl' 




no dis 


[*>] 


4 


b 


13 


Kl' 


S 1 Cuthberti epi 


nole 


[ai] 




c 


12 


Kl' 


S 5 Benedicti 


no le 


0-] 


12 


d 


II 


Kl' 


Cessaco MO^ Regecivi I vigilia palmaty 




[ 3 3] 


I 


e 


IO 


Kl' 






[34] 




f 


9 


Kl' 




no dis 


[*s] 


9 


g 


8 


Kl' 


Annuciacio bte Marie 


no le 


M 




A 


7 


K1 J 




lefe 


[37] 


17 


b 


6 


Kl 1 


Resurreccio domini 




M 


6 


c 


5 


Kl' 






[39] 




d 


4 


Kl' 






[ 3 o] 


14 


e 


3 


Kl' 


Scrut atoribus : 




[ 3 ] 


3 


f 


2 


Kl' 







[March 30. The note ' Scrutatoribus : ' does not properly belong to this day ; 
it is part of an unfinished entry relating to the election of proctors, &c. in 1593.] 



MS. B.] SEN. PROCTOR'S KALENDAR 85 

T^" T Marcius. 



[,] 


3 


d 


A ^ * ^ Sci dauid Wall'. Dirige. 


no le 


H 




e 


6 


N' 


Sci Cedde epi. 


Missa Turvyle. 


no le 


[3] 


ii 


f 


5 


N' 








W 




g 


4 


N' 








[ 5 ] 


19 


A 


3 


N' 








M 


8 


b 


2 


N' 






no dis 


W 




c 


Non'. 


ScoVPpet'afelic'. 


C S 1 Thoe de Aquino. 


no le 


W 


16 


d 


8 


Id' 








M 


5 


e 


7 


Id' 








[10] 




f 


6 


Id' 








[n] 


13 


g 


5 


Id' 




Dirige. 


n5 dis 


[12] 


2 


A 


4 


Id' 


Sci Gregory* doct'. 


Missa p H'. de Gilde- 


no le 












ford. 






[] 




b 


3 


Id' 








[14] 


10 


c 


2 


Id' 








[-5] 




d 


Idus. 


[16] 


18 


e 


17 


Kl' 


Aprilis. 




no dis 


[17] 


7 


f 


16 


Kl' 


Sci Patrici epi. 


Dirige. 


no le 


[18] 




g 


15 


Kl' 


Sci Edwardi r'. 1 rifr. Missa p rege henr' 


lefe 












qrto. 






[19] 


i5 


A 


14 


Kl' 






no dis 


[ 20 ] 


4 


b 


'3 


Kl' 


Sci Cuthberti. 




no le 


[ 2I ] 




c 


12 


Kl' 


Sci Benedict'. 




no le 


M 


12 


d 


II 


Kl' 


Cessacio Magroty Regenciu in vigY PalrhaR. 


[* 3 ] 


I 


e 


IO 


Kl' 








M 




f 


9 


Kl' 






no dis 


[25] 


9 


g 


8 


Kl' 


Annuciacio be marie 


no le 


IX) 




A 


7 


Kl' 






lefe 


M 


17 


b 


6 


Kl' 


Resurreccio dm. 






[*] 


6 


c 


5 


Kl' 








[29] 




d 


4 


Kl' 








[30] 


14 


e 


3 


Kl' 








[3.] 


3 


f 


2 


Kl' 









86 JUN. PROCTOR'S KALENDAR [MS. C. 



KL 



CO 




g 


JL 


^ 


J / April' 






w 


A 


4 


Ns 








[3] 




b 


3 


Ns 


S J Ricardi epl 




no dis 


w 


19 


c 


2 


Ns 


Si Ambrosij epl 1 doctor' 




no le 


[5] 


8 


d 


ris 


Ns 








[6] 


16 


e 


8 


Id' 








[7] 


5 


f 


7 


Id' 








w 




g 


6 


Id' 








[9] 


13 


A 


5 


Id' 


Resupco M^ Regeci m p 9 


Pascha f e" 4 w p 9 














doica qua catat" 






[10] 


a 


b 


4 


Id' 


Quasi modo geniti Q.c 9 Et tuc he? missa de 


[ll] 




c 


3 


Id' 


Requie p Wagan 1 Husy 






M 


10 


d 


a 


Id' 








[13] 




e 


Id' 


Id' 


S e Eufemie virg' 






[u] 


18 


f 


18 


Kl' 


Maij S<>i< Tiburcij 1 valeriai M* 


[15] 


7 


g 


'7 


Kl' 








[16] 




A 


16 


Kl' 








[17] 


15 


b 


15 


Kl' 








[18] 


4 


c 


14 


Kl' 




Dirige 




[9] 




d 


13 


Kl' 


Missa p Dunkm 


Et Bnfactoribs Et 




[*>] 


la 


e 


12 


Kl' 


ista missa fiat pxio die no legbli p* eleccoem 












pcurali 






[ai] 


i 


f 


II 


Kl' 








M 




g 


10 


Kl' 






no dis 


M 


9 


A 


9 


Kl' 


Si Georgij Mr 




nole 


[24] 




b 


8 


Kl' 






no dis 


M 


17 


c 


7 


Kl' 


S Marci eungeliste 




no le 


M 


6 


d 


6 


Kl 1 








W 




e 


5 


Kl' 


ncfg, i* 


dies est dies congr. 




M 


14 


f 


4 


Kl' 


Si Vitalis 


Dirige 




[j 9 ] 


3 


g 


3 


Kl' 


Si Petri Missa p henrico beuford . . . 


no le 


[30] 




A 


2 


Kl' 




Dirige 


no dis 



[A note below the Dirige on April 30 has been blotted out : it refers to the Missa 
for Henry Beaufort. 

At the foot of this page there is an obliterated note in which I read, ' Nota quod 
misaf pro henrico [chichele] . . . die martis post initium termini.'] 



MS. .] SEN. PROCTOR'S KALENDAR 87 

Aprilis. 



KL 



W 


II 


A 


4 


N' 








[3] 




b 


3 


N' 


Sci Ricardi epi. 




no dis 


w 


19 


c 


2 


N' 


Sci Ambrosij epi. 




non le 


[5] 


8 


d 


Non'. 


[6] 


16 


e 


8 


Id' 








[7] 


5 


f 


7 


Id' 








w 




g 


6 


Id' 








[9] 


J 3 


A 


5 


Id' 


Resflpcio M regeci m p 9 pascha f q p 9 












doica qua catatur. 






[10] 


2 


b 


4 


Id' 


qt [modo] Et tc h'et* missa 


de Req*e p 














Wagan 1 busy 






[ll] 




c 


3 


Id' 


Missa p herico bevford cardlali 

Is 


wlton si i* 














dies contigerat an) die cess* $ 


si t3 v p* tS 




celebret" missa in fa post reSupcoe; 2 exeq'is 












die p'cedenti 






[13] 


10 


d 


2 


Id' 








[13] 




e 


Idus. 


See Eufemie yig'. 






[14] 


18 


f 


18 


Kl' 


Maij C S^ tiburc' 1 valer'. 






[15] 


7 


g 


17 


Kl' 








[16] 




A 


16 


Kl' 








[17] 


15 


b 


15 


Kl' 








[18] 


4 


c 


14 


Kl' 




Dirige. 




[19] 




d 


13 


Kl' 


Missa p Dunkam fiat pxlo die no legib' 












p 9 elect' pcurat'. 






[so] 


12 


e 


12 


'Kl' 








[21] 


I 


f 


II 


Kl' 








[22] 




g 


10 


Kl' 






no dis 


[23] 


9 


A 


9 


Kl' 


Sci Georg'. mart'. 




non le 


[24] 




b 


8 


Kl' 






no dis 


h] 


17 


C 


7 


Kl' 


Sci Ma[r]ci eung'. 


Dirige 


no le 


[26] 


6 


d 


6 


Kl' 


Missa j) henrico chicheley epo fo 


8 pcedetf 




[27] 




e 


5 


Kl' 








[-8] 


14 





4 


Kl' 


Sci Vitalis. 


Dirige. 




[*] 


3 


g 


3 


Kl' 


Sci Pet 1 Missa p H'. Beufort Card' 


non le 












Wynton. 






[30] 




A 


2 


Kl' 


r 


)irige. 


no dis 



88 JUN. PROCTOR'S KALENDAR [MS. C. 



KL 



[i] 1 1 b JL ^ J / Mayus C AplST/ PMlippi 1 lha w no le 

Missa p a 

[a] c 6 N Walter! de Grey no d' 

[3] 19 d 5 Ns; Inuecio see crucis no le 

[ 4 ] 8 e 4 N| 

[s] f 3 N3 Dirige no dis 

[6] 1 6 g 2 Ns S 1 lohis an port' lat' Missa p a M'Willl no le 

Selqtn cu dia 1 stdia 

[7] 5 A ris Ns; S 1 lohis de Beuerl' no le 

[8] b 8 Id' 

[ 9 ] 13 c 7 Id' Dirige 

[10] 2 d 6 Id' S^ Gordiai 1 Epimachi Missa pReginaldo 

Bedello 

[n] e 5 W' Missa paia regfhenrici sept 1 cBexequijs p'cedet[ibs] 
[12] 10 f 4 Id' 
[s] g 3 Id' 
[14] 1 8 A 2 Id' Cessaco M Regeciu fe $ w an pethe- no dis 

coste 
[15] 7 b Id' Id' Inueco see frideswide Sep 4 W fe'p s> frnt i nitatf nole 

Missa p C Gilb'to de Roubery 
[16] c 17 Kl' lunij 
[17] 15 d 16 Kl' 

[18] 4 e 15 Kl' n5 dis 

[19] f 14 Kl' S* Dustani achiepi no le 

[ao] 12 g 13 Kl' 
[ai] i A 1 2 Kl' S 1 Germai epi 

[aa] b II Kl' 

[33] 9 c 10 Kl' no dis 

[34] d 9 Kl' Si Dominici cof no le 

[a S ] 17 e 8 Kl' & Aldelmi a fncissi epo2^ no le 

[36] 6 f 7 Kl' S 1 August! angloty apli Missa p a g de sco no le 

leofardo 

[a 7 ] g 6 Kl' 
[as] 14 A 5 Kl' Si Germani epi Resup M^ Regen m fe 4 W 

p 9 fm tinitatis 
[39] 3 b 4 Kl' 
[30] c 3 Kl' 
[ 3 i] 1 1 d 2 Kl' S Petronille vig' 



MS. 5.] SEN. PROCTOR'S KALENDAR 89 

Mayus. 



KL 



[i] n b A ak. * ^ ApToTJ Ph'i 1 iac'. Missa p no le 

ala W. de Grey. 



H 




c 


6 


N' 






no dis 


[3] 


'9 


d 


5 


N' 


Inuecio see c u . 




no le 


W 


8 


e 


4 


N' 








W 




f 


3 


N' 




Dirige. 


no dis 


W 


16 


g 


2 


N' 


Sci loh' an port' lat'. Missa p M'. W. 












Selton c di 1 sb'di . 




no le 


W 


5 


A 


Non' 


Sci loh' de Beu'. 




no le 


W 




b 


8 


Id' 








[9] 


13 


c 


7 


Id' 




Dirige. 




[10] 


2 


d 


6 


Id' 


Sci Gord' 1 Epim'. Missa p Reginald' 


Bedello c di 1 sb'dio 1 obi'. 


W 




e 


5 


Id' 


Missa 






[] 


IO 


f 


4 


Id' 








[13] 




g 


3 


Id' 








[H] 


18 


A 


2 


Id' 


C[essacio MagroR regenc 


feria 3 a ante 


no dis 












pent'] 






['5] 


7 


b 


Idus. 


Inuecio see Fridesw' Sep f e" 4 p 9 fm tfnit' 


no le 


Missa pro Gilberto de Roubery 


[16] 




c 


17 


Kl' 


lunij 






[.7] 


15 


d 


16 


Kl' 








[18] 


4 


e 


15 


Kl' 






no dis 


E'9] 




f 




Kl' 


Sci dust' ar*epi 




no le 


[20] 


12 


g 


13 


Kl' 








[21] 


I 


A 


12 


Kl' 


Sci Germani epi. 






W 




b 


II 


Kl' 








[*] 


9 


c 


10 


Kl' 






no dis 


M 




d 


9 


Kl' 


Sci Dnici 9 f. 




no le 


[35] 


17 


e 


8 


Kl' 


Sco^/ Aldelmi 1 franc'. 




no le 


M 


6 


f 


7 


KT 


Sci Augusti angloty ap[l'i] 


Missa p G. de 


no le 


[27] 




g 


6 


Kl' 


sco leofardo. 






[28] 


14 


A 


5 


Kl' 


Sci Germai e 1 . R[esumpc5 


M r ] Regec.] 




[29] 


3 


b 


4 


Kl' 


f 4^ p 5 fm tinitatis 






[30] 




c 


3 


Kl' 








[31] 


ii 


d 


2 


Kl' 


See Petronille v'g'. 






[May i 


and 6, 


marginal notes have been blotted out. 




May n, addition by another hand: Pro Her Rege Henrico septimo cu) 
p'cedetibs 1 . , 


exeq'is 



May 14 and 28, entries in brackets have been inked over. Marginal note 
blotted out. 

May 28-29, on right-hand margin : hac die erit missa p ala dm Gnilberti de 
Roubbery vt p3 fo . . . .] 



90 JUN. PROCTOR'S KALENDAR [MS. C. 



KL 



[i] e JL 1L. 1 ^ lunius S> Nichomedis 

0] 19 f 4 Ns S* Mfcellini 1 Petri 

[3] 8 g 3 Ns Se Osithe virg' 

[ 4 ] 16 A 2 Ns 

[5] 5 b ns Ns; S 1 Bonifacij epi 

[6] c 8 Id' 

0] 13 d 7 Id' no dis 

[8] 2 e 6 Id' S* Will! epi eboty no le 

[9] f 5 Id' Translao sci Edmudi n5 le 

[10] 10 g 4 Id' no dis 

[n] A 3 Id' Si Barnabe apl! no le 

[12] 1 8 b 2 Id' no g, ista dies est 

[13] 7 c Id' Id' Si Antonij no le 

[14] d 1 8 Kl' lulij C Si Basilidis epi a cof 

[15] 15 e 17 Kl' Dirige no dis 

[16] 4 f 1 6 Kl' Si Ricardi epi Missa langet' on de req'e cu no le 

dia no 1 sfcdi no 

[17] g 15 Kl' Si Botulphi abb'is 

[,8] 12 A 14 Kl' SH Marci 1 MTcelli 

[19] i b 13 Kl' S^ Geruasi a Prothasi 

[ao] C 12 Kl' Translatio scti Edwardi regf <l mar? 

[ai] 9 d II Kl' 

[] e 10 Kl' Si Albani M? no le 

[23] 17 f 9 Kl' Se Etheldrede virgis no dis 

[34] 6 g 8 Kl' Natiuitas sci lohis Baptiste Ding' no le 

[a 5 ] A 7 Kl' Missa p aia henrici hercley* le fe 

[rf] 14 b 6 Kl' S* lohis a pauli 

M 3 c 5 Kl' 

[28] d 4 Kl' S 1 Leonis ppe no dis 

[ 39 ] ii e 3 Kl' Aplo^ Petri a Pauli no le 

[ 3 o] f 2 Kl' Comeoraco sci Pauli le fe 

[June 1 6, the early addition made to 'langet' is again an original entry in the 
somewhat later MS. B. 

* The name of Henricus Hercley has been erased, and subsequently restored.] 



MS. .] SEN. PROCTOR'S CALENDAR 91 

T y T" lunius 



[] 




e 





V- 


L-/ Sci Mrcell' 1 pet*. 




w 


19 


f 


4 


N' 






[3] 


8 


g 


3 


N' 


See Osithe vig'. 




w 


16 


A 


2 


N' 






[5] 


5 


b Non' 


Sci Bonifacij epi. 




w 




c 


8 


Id' 






[7] 


*3 


d 


7 


Id' 




no dis 


w 


2 


e 


6 


Id' 


Sci Will'i epi Ebol/. 


no le 


[9] 




f 


5 


Id- 


Trslaco scl edmudi 


no le 


[o] 


IO 


g 


4 


Id' 




no dis 


["] 






3 


Id' 


Scl bernabe apl'i. 


no le 


[13] 


18 


b 


2 


Id' 






[s] 


7 


c 


Idus. 


Sci Antonij. o in S5 


no le 


[.4] 




d 


18 


Kl' 


lulij. C Si basilid'. e*. a s>f.' 




Cs] 


15 


e 


17 


Kl' 


Dirige. 


no dis 


[16] 


4 


f 


16 


Kl' 


Sci Ricl epi. Missa de langton de R[equie 














cum diac.] 'I sb'. 


no le 


[17] 




g 


15 


Kl' 


Sci botulphi abb'. 




[8] 


12 


A 


M 


Kl' 


ScoV Marci 1 Marcell'i. 




[19] 


I 


b 


'3 


Kl' 


ScoTJ Geru' a ptlf 




M 




c 


12 


Kl' 






C] 


9 


d 


II 


Kl' 






[33] 




e 


IO 


Kl' 


Sci Albani nir. 


nd le 


W 


17 


f 


9 


Kl' 


See Etheldrede vig' 


no dis 


M 


6 


g 


8 


Kl' 


Natiuitas scl lohis baptiste. Dirige. 


non le 


Os] 




A 


7 


Kl' 


Missa p aTa Henrici Hercley 


lefe 


M 


M 


b 


6 


Kl' 


ScolJ loh' 1 pauli 




[37] 


3 


c 


5 


Kl' 






[*] 




d 


4 


Kl' 


Scl leonis 


no dis 


W 


ii 


e 


3 


Kl' 


Apl'o^ peti 1 pauli. Colleg: Wadd: con- 














secrat: 1613 


non le 


W 




f 


2 


Kl' 


Com' scl pauli 


lefe 



[June 13. The note ' O in s ' stands for ' Sol in Cancro?} 



92 JUN. PROCTOR'S KALENDAR [MS. C. 



w 


19 


g 


A 


^.. 


*- -^ lulius 


dis 


w 


8 


A 


6 


Ns 


Si Swithini S^ Processi 1 MTtI Visitaco 


nole 












marie 




[3] 




b 


5 


Ns 






w 


16 


c 


4 


Ns 


Traslao sci MTti 


lefe 


[5] 


5 


d 


3 


Ns 


Missa de cessacoe t*nitat' fo ao Cessatio ml/ 


no dis 












Regetiu 




w 




e 


2 


Ns 


Translaco sci Thome MY 


no le 


w 


13 


f 


w 

ns 


Ns 






M 


2 


g 


8 


Id' 






[9] 




A 


7 


Id' 






[10] 


IO 


b 


6 


Id' 






[] 




c 


5 


Id' 






M 


18 


d 


4 


Id' 






M 


7 


e 


3 


Id' 






[4] 




f 


2 


Id' 


Dies caniculares 




C's] 


15 


g 


Id' 


Id' 


Translaco sci Suuithini 




[6] 


4 


A 


i7 


KF 


Augusti M 




[17] 




b 


16 


KF 






[,8] 


12 


c 


15 


KF 


S 1 Arnulphi epi 1 s>P. 




[ip] 


I 


d 


14 


KF 




no dis 


M 




e 


13 


KF 


S e Margarete vigis 


no le 


[] 


9 


f 


12 


KF 




no dis 


M 




g 


II 


KF 


S e Marie Magdalene 


no le 


W 


17 


A 


10 


KT 






M 


6 


b 


9 


KF 


vig' 


no dis 


M 




c 


8 


KF 


Si lacobi apli 


no le 


M 


14 


d 


7 


KF 






M 


3 


e 


6 


KF 


& 7ti Dormiecifl 




M 




f 


5 


KF 


Si Sampsois 




M 


ii 


g 


4 


KF 


Si Simplicij 




M 


19 


A 


3 


KF 


S^ Abdo T. Senen 




b] 




b 


2 


KF 


Si Germani epi 


no dis 



MS. .] SEN. PROCTOR'S CALENDAR 93 

lulius. 



KL 



CO 


19 


g 


A 


^. 




CO 


18 


A 


6 


N' 


Sci Swythuni. C! Visitacio bte Mari< 


C 3 ] 




b 


5 


N' 




u 


16 


c 


4 


N' 


Tnslaco sci Marti. 


Cs] 


5 


d 


3 


N' 


Missa de cessacoe Pnitat'. 


[6] 




e 


2 


N' 


Missa de cessacone t'nitatis 


W 


13 


f 


Non' 


W 


2 


g 


8 


Id' 




C9] 




A 


7 


Id' 




[10] 


IO 


b 


6 


Id' 




[ll] 




c 


5 


Id' 




C'O 


18 


d 


4 


Id' 




M 


7 


e 


3 


Id' 




M 




f 


2 


Id' 


Dies caniculares. 


M 


15 


g 


Idus. 


Tnslaco sci Swythuni. 


M 


4 


A 


17 


Kl' 


Augusti. 


[7] 




b 


16 


Kl' 




M 


12 


c 


15 


Kl' 


Sci arnulphi e>. 1 s>i'. 


M 


I 


d 


14 


Kl' 




W 




e 


13 


Kl' 


See MTgarete vig' 


M 


9 


f 


12 


Kl' 








g 


II 


Kl' 


See Ma e Magdal'. 


W 


17 


A 


10 


Kl' 




M 


6 


b 


9 


Kl' 


vig w . 


W 




c 


8 


Kl' 


Sci lacobi apl'i. 


[*] 


14 


d 


7 


Kl' 




[27] 


3 


e 


6 


Kl' 


ScoV vii t . dormienc'. 


M 




f 


5 


Kl' 


Sci Sampson'. 


W 


ii 


g 


4 


Kl' 


Sci simplicij. 




19 


A 


3 


Kl' 


ScoT^ Abdo 1 senne. 


cS 




b 


2 


Kl' 


Sci Germani epi. 



nole 
le fe le fe 

no dis 



no dis 
no le 

no dis 
no le 

no dis 
no le 



no dis 

[July a, the feast of the Visitation was prescribed in 1431, and confirmed in 

1480. Wilkins, Concilia, iii. 613. 
July 5. This entry has been crossed out and placed on the next day.] 



94 JUN. PROCTOR'S KALENDAR [MS. C. 



no le 
lefe 



[,] 


8 


c 


JL ^. L J Augustus C Ad ulcula sci petri 


w 


16 


d 


4 


Ns 


S* Stephani pp*e 




[3] 


5 


e 


3 


Ns 


Inuecio sci stephai 




w 




f 


2 


Ns 






w 


13 


g 


W 

ns 


Ns 


Si Oswaldi regis 




W 


2 


A 


8 


Id' 


S^ Sixti felicissimi 1 


Agapiti 


w 




b 


7 


Id' 


S 1 Donati epl 




w 


10 


c 


6 


Id' 


SU Ciriaci sol/ oj ei 9 




[9] 




d 


5 


Id' 


Si Romani MY 






18 


e 


4 


Id' 


Si Laurencij MY 




[M] 


7 


f 


3 


Id' 


Si Tiburcij MY 




["] 




g 


2 


Id' 






[13] 


15 


A 


Id' 


Id' 


S Ypoliti MY cfl soc 


t 


[4] 


4 


b 


19 


Kl' 


Septembis vig' 




[5] 




c 


18 


Kl' 


Assupcio bte Marie 




[16] 


12 


d 


17 


Kl' 






C7] 


I 


e 


16 


Kl' 






[18] 




f 


15 


Kl' 


Si Agapiti MY 




C9] 


9 


g 


14 


Kl' 


Si Magni MY 




W 




A 


13 


Kl' 






[ai] 


17 


b 


12 


Kl' 






M 


6 


c 


II 


Kl' 










d 


10 


Kl' 


SI/ Thiothei a Apolllar' 


M 


M 


e 


9 


Kl' 


S 1 Bartholomei apli 




[25] 


3 


f 


8 


Kl' 






M 




g 


7 


Kl' 






[a 7 ] 


ii 


A 


6 


Kl' 


Si Rufi MY 




[*] 


19 


b 


5 


Kl' 


Si Augustini MY 




W 




c 


4 


Kl' 


Decollo sci lohis 




[30] 


8 


d 


3 


Kl' 


S^ felicis 1 Audacti 




[sO 




e 


2 


Kl' 


S e Cuthburge vigis 





no dis 
no le 



lefe 

no dis 
no le 



n5 dis 
no le 



no dis 
no le 



[The Transfiguration August 6, and ' Nominis lesu ' August 7, are not given in 
the MSS. except by a much later (seventeenth-century) hand in B. These festivals 
had been instituted in 1457, but were not prescribed in England until 1480. 

August ii. The name of St. Tiburcins has been erased and subsequently 
restored.] 



MS. B.] SEN. PROCTOR'S KALENDAR 95 

T" y TT Augustus. 



[l] 


8 


c . 


t^ 


\^J 


L-^ Aduicula sci pet 1 . 


n5 le 


w 


16 


d 


4 


N' 


Stephi. {'pape' erased.} 




[3] 


5 


e 


3 


N' 


Inuenco sci Stephi. 


lefe 


w 




f 


2 


N' 






[5] 


13 


g 


Non' 


Sci Oswaldi regis. 




[6] 


2 


A 


8 


Id' 


Scol/. Sixti felic' 1 agap'. Transfiguratio dnj 




[7] 




b 


7 


Id' 


Sci donati epi. Festu noijs lesu 




w 


IO 


c 


6 


Id' 


Scoty Ciriaci so^qj ei 9 . 




[9] 




d 


5 


Id' 


Sci Romani nir 


n5 dis 




18 


e 


4 


Id' 


Sci Laurencij IVTr. 


no le 


[ll] 


7 


f 


3 


Id' 


Sci Tyburcij nir. 




[12] 




g 


2 


Id' 






[13] 


15 


A 


Idus. 


Sci ypoliti mr cu soc'. 


lefe 




4 


b 


19 


Kl' 


Septembis. vigT 


no dis 


[ IS ] 




c 


18 


Kl' 


Assumpcio be marie. 


no le 


[16] 


2 


d 


17 


Kl' 






fo] 


I 


e 


16 


Kl' 






[18] 




f 


15 


Kl' 


Sci Agapiti mr. 




[19] 


9 


g 


14 


Kl' 


Sci Magni nir'. 




[jo] 




A 


13 


Kl' 






[ai] 


17 


b 


12 


Kl' 






[aa] 


6 


c 


II 


Kl' 






W 




d 


10 


Kl' 


Sco^ Thimothei 1 Apollin'. 


n5 dis 




14 


e 


9 


Kl' 


Sci Barthol'. apl'i. 


no le 


[25] 


3 


f 


8 


Kl' 






[26] 




g 


7 


Kl' 






[27] 


ii 


A 


6 


Kl' 


Sci Rufi nir 




[28] 


19 


b 


5 


Kl' 


Sci August! nir. 


no dis 


[29] 




c 


4 


Kl' 


Decollaco sci loh'. 


no le 


[30] 


8 


d 


3 


Kl' 


Sco^ felicis ^ adauct' 




[31] 




e 


2 


Kl' 


See Cuthburge vig'. 





96 JUN. PROCTOR'S KALENDAR [MS. C. 



KL 



[l] 


16 


f . 


L 


VJ 


L- 


{ Septeber S 1 Egidij abbtis 


w 


5 


g 


4 


Ns 






[3] 




A 


3 


Ns 






[4] 


13 


b 


a 


Ns 






[5] 




c 


ns 


Ns 




Dies caniculares finiflt 






d 


8 


Id' 






w 


10 


e 


7 


Id' 






W 




f 


6 


Id' 


Natiuitas bte Marie 




18 


g 


5 


Id' 


Si 


Gorgonij MY 


do] 


7 


A 


4 


Id' 










b 


3 


Id' 


S Pthi 1 lasincti 


M 


15 


c 


2 


Id' 








4 


d 


Id' 


Id' 






[S] 




e 


18 


Kl' 


Octobis C Exaltaco see crucis 




12 


f 


17 


Kl' 






[16] 


I 


g 


16 


Kl' 


S 9 


Edithe virg' 


d;] 




A 


'5 


Kl' 


Si 


laberti epi 




9 


b 


14 


Kl' 






[19] 




c 


13 


Kl' 






W 


17 


d 


12 


Kl' 




vig' 


[21] 


6 


e 


II 


Kl' 


Si 


Mathei apll 


M 




f 


10 


Kl' 


Si 


Mauricij so^ 03 e 9 


[33] 


14 


g 


9 


Kl' 


S 


Thecle yigis 


[a 4 ] 


3 


A 


8 


Kl' 






[25] 




b 


7 


Kl' 


Si 


firml epi 1 cof 


M 


iz 


c 


6 


Kl' 


Si 


Cipriai epi 


[37] 


19 


d 


5 


Kl' 


S^ 


Cosme 1 damiai 


[38] 




e 


4 


Kl' 






W 


8 


f 


3 


Kl' 


Si 


Michael' archang'li 


[30] 




g 


2 


Kl' 


Si 


lerom p'sbit'i H. doctorf 



lefe 



no dis 

no le 

lefe 



no dis 
no le 



no dis 
no le 



no dis 
no le 
lefe 



MS. &] SEN. PROCTOR'S KALENDAR 


CO 


16 


Tr^F" T" September 
f A V. 1 J Sci Egidij abb'is 


W 


5 


g 


4 


N' 




Ed 




A 


3 


N' 




M 


13 


b 


2 


N' 




Cs] 


2 


c 


N' 


N' 




[] 




d 


8 


Id' 






IO 


e 


7 


Id' 




W 




f 


6 


Id' 


Natiuitas be marie. 




18 


g 


5 


Id' 


Sci Gorgonij rrir. 


E] 


7 


A 


4 


Id' 




C] 




b 


3 


Id' 


Scoty Pthi ^ iacincti. 


[12] 


I 5 


c 


2 


Id' 




6d 


4 


d 


Idus. 




[*] 




e 


18 


Kl' 


Octob' C Exalt' see cruc'. 


M 


12 


f 


17 


Kl' 




[16] 


I 


g 


16 


Kl' 


See Edithe vig'. 


Ed 




A 


15 


Kl' 


Sci lamberti epi. 


[18] 


9 


b 


14 


Kl' 




Ci 9 ] 




c 


13 


Kl' 






17 


d 


12 


Kl' 


vigilia. 


[21] 


6 


e 


II 


Kl' 


Sci Mathei apl'i. 


C"] 




f 


IO 


Kl' 


Sci Mauricij soc'. 


Ed 


14 


g 


9 


Kl' 


See Tecle v { g'. 


EH] 


3 


A 


8 


Kl' 








b 


7 


Kl' 


Sci Firmi epi a 9f '. 


[26] 


ii 


c 


6 


Kl' 


Sci Cipiani epi. 


C* 7 ] 


19 


d 


5 


Kl' 


Scioty Cosme 1 damiani. 


[28] 




e 


4 


Kl' 




M 


8 


f 


3 


Kl' 


Sci Michls Archageli. 


C 3 o] 




g 


2 


Kl' 


Sci leronimi p'bfi 1 doct'. 



97 



lefe 



n5 dis 

non le 

lefe 



n5 dis 
no le 



no dis 
non le 



no dis 

non le 

lefe 



98 JUN. PROCTOR'S KALENDAR [MS. C. 



KL 



[i] 1 6 A JL 3k. <!/ October Si Remigij epi 

[a] 5 b 6 Nsi S 1 [Leonard!] epi 1 conf . 

[3] 13 c 5 NS 

[4] 2 d 4 N$ S 1 fracisci cof ' 

[si e 3 Ns 

[6] i o f 2 Ks S e fidis vig' S 1 hugois epi 

[7] g ris Nsi 

[s] 18 A 8 Id' 

[9] 7 b 7 Id' Si Dionisij cfl soc' le fe 

[10] c 6 Id' Missa de resupcoe de sco spu Resupco 

Mfl Regeciu 

[n] 15 d 5 Id' Si Edwardi regis 

[] 46 4 Id' Si Wlfridi Dirige no dis 

[13] f 3 Id' S { Edwardi reg' Missa pro rege Ricardo. n5 le 

[14] 12 g 2 Id' S 1 Kalixti ppe 

[15] i A Id' Id' Si Wlfranni epi a M? 

[16] b 17 KT Nouebis C Si Michaelis I mote 

[17] 9 c 1 6 Kl' no dis 

[18] d 15 Kl' Si luce eu ngeliste N"o p exeq'is et missa fo. 134 no le 

[19] 17 e 14 Kl' S e frideswide n5 le 

[ao] 6 f 13 Kl' le fe 

[si] g 1 2 Kl' xi Milia virginQ 

[] 14 A ii Kl' 

[33] 3 b 10 Kl' S 1 Romai epi 

M c 9 Kl' 

[35] 1 1 d 8 Kl' S^ Crispi 1 Crispiani 

[a6] 19 e 7 Kl' 

[ a7 ] f 6 Kl' vig' no dis 

M 8 g 5 Kl' Aploty SimSis 1 lude no le 

[a 9 ] A 4 Kl' 

[ 30 ] 1 6 b 3 Kl' Dirige 

[ 3 i] 5 C 2 Kl' vig' Missa p rege Henrico q'nto p 

fidem de requie no dis 

de 

[Oct. a, Leonardi has been altered by a later hand to leogarij. This is St. Ludger's 
day, St. Leonard's being on Nov. 6th. Oct. 9 and 18, marginal notes on left hand 
have been blotted out. 

Oct. 9. There is a note in the margin : ' Statut 1 in fine mensis legend.' 3. fo. 57.' 
( = fo. 63). At the foot of the page is a memorandum : 

'Post obitum solis fuerat natale lohannis 
In Symonis festo milleno C. quater anno.'] 



MS. .] SEN. PROCTOR'S CALENDAR 99 

OctobeR. 



KL 



[i] 1 6 A JL 1L. X J Sci Remigij epi. 

[a] 5 b 6 N' Sci Leonardit epi 

W 13 c 5 N' Sci Francisci 9 f . 

W 2 d 4 N' 

[si e 3 N' 

[6] 10 f 2 N' See Fidis v^. C Sci Hug' epi. 

[7] g Non' 

[s] 18 A 8 Id' 

[ 9 ] 7 b 7 Id' Sci Dionis' cu soc'. le fe 

[10] c 6 Id' Resupco m<>^ regenc'. Missa de resupcoe 

de spu sco. 

[n] 15 d 5 Id' {' S. Edwardi regis.' erased.) 

[12] 4e 4 Id' Sci Wilfridi. Dirige. no dis. 

[13] f 3 Id' Sci Edwrdi r'. Missa p Rege Ricardo. no le 

[14] 12 g 2 Id' Sci kalixti [ppe] 

[is] i A Idus. Sci Wlfnani epi 1 in. 

[16] b 17 Kl' Nouebis. C Sci Michis i mote t'. 

[17] 9 c 1 6 Kl' no dis. 

[18] d 15 Kl' Sci luce eung.' no le 

[19] 17 e 14 Kl' See Frideswide vig'. no le 

[20] 6 f 13 Kl' lefe 

[21] g 1 2 KL' Scaijf xi". 1 ' virg'. 

[ 23 ] 14 A u Kl' 

[23] 3 b 10 Kl' Sci Roman! epi. 

[34] c 9 Kl' 

[*] 1 1 d 8 Kl' Sco# Crisp 1 1 Crisplani. 

[26] 19 e 7 Kl' 

[27] f 6 Kl' vigt no dis 

t a8 ] ^ S 5 Kl' Apl'ol^ Symonis 1 iude. non le 

A 4 Kl' 

b 3 Kl' Dirige. 

c 2 Kl' Missa p Rege Henr'. v*. p fide de Requie. no dis 

[Oct. I4,pape has been erased. Oct. 18, marginal note on left hand, which has 

been blotted out, seems to read : M g an? fes? see luce 1 oim scol/ fiant exeq'e 
solem 8 * p aiabj lohis kept 1 tho e kemp vt p3 fo. 64. Et in eisdm) exeq'is fiat 

spcialis mem p aia Mil Rici Lichfild collectf vt p3 fo. ioo b .] 




H 2 



ioo JUN. PROCTOR'S KALENDAR [MS. C 



M 
W 
[3] 
W 


13 

2 


d 

e 
f 
g 


JL 

4 
3 

2 


V. 

NJ 
NY 


l^/ Noueb' Festiuitas oim scoT/. no le 
Comemoraco aiaty no le 


[5] 


10 


A 


nS 


Ns 


no dis 


M 




b 


8 


Id' 


S 1 leonardi abbt-p no le 


[7] 


18 


c 


7 


Id' 


n. dis ... 


M 


7 


d 


6 


Id' 


S^ 4 or CoroatOty hoc die (lunge) ano doij 1602 publica n le 
Academise bibliotbeca p m 1 ? Tho . . 


M 




e 


5 


Id' 


S' Theodori Mr BodleQ renovata solenniter pate- 












facta est vice cancellario D. Howsen 












et Danieli Pury ac Waltero 


[10] 


15 


f 


4 


Id' 


Benet pcuratoribS ingredientibS vna no dis 












cTJ multis doctoribj et 












Artiu) m rl . 


[] 


4 


g 


3 


Id' 


Si Martinii epi Dirige no le 


[] 




A 


2 


Id' 


Missa p a Walteri le Grey cfl di n 1 sub n 












Dirige 


C'3] 


12 


b 


Id' 


Id' 


Si Bricij epi Missa p Danvers cu di no 1 le fe 












subdi no 


M 


I 


c 


18 


Kl' 


Deceits 


M 




d 


i7 


Kl' 


Si Macuti epi no dis 


M 


9 


e 


16 


Kl' 


S 1 Edmudi Archiepi Missa p aia herici reg' no le 


[17] 




f 


15 


Kl' 


S 1 hugonis epi 


[8] 


i7 


g 


14 


Kl' 




M 


6 


A 


13 


Kl' 


Dirige no dis 


W 




b 


12 


Kl' 


Si Edmudi regis 1 M? Missa p M no le 












hufrido 1 lodowico de Cherleton cu 












diaS 1 sub 


[] 


M 


c 


II 


Kl' 




[22] 


3 


d 


IO 


Kl' 


S Cecilie vig' 1 MY n5 le ni fe 


M 




e 


9 


Kl' 


Si Clemetis ppe Missa p com' ele cu no le 












di n <> ^ sub no 1 hec missa erit de oibj scis 


M 


ii 


f 


8 


Kl' 


Si Grisogonij MY no dis 


[25] 


19 


g 


7 


Kl' 


S e Katerine virgis t MY no le 


M 




A 


6 


Kl' 


lefe 


W 


8 


b 


5 


Kl' 




M 




c 


4 


Kl' 




W 


16 


d 


3 


Kl' 


Missa p aia Regine Elianore vxoris regf n5 dis 












Edwardi de req'e 


[30] 


5 


e 


2 


Kl' 


Si Andree AplI no le 



[Nov. 20, marginal note on right hand, '. . . a principle enangelij vsque ad 
tercium agnus dei . . .', has been blotted out. Nov. 23, in right-hand margin : 
hec missa erit cu dia no 1 sb~dia BO sequencia 1 simbolo fo. 35. 

Nov. 23, 'cum sequencia et simbolo.' added in the margin^ 



MS. 5.] SEN. PROCTOR'S CALENDAR 101 

NouembeR. 



KL 



[i] d JL Jk. JL / Festiuitas oim scoT/. no le 

[2] 13 e 4 N' Comem' aiaR. no le 

[3] 2 f 3 N' 
U] g 2 N' 

[5] 10 A Non' no dis 

[6] b 8 Id' Sci Leonard! abb'. no le 

[7] 1 8 c 7 Id' non dis 

[s] 7 d 6 Id' Scol/. .iiij. r coronal'. no le 

[9] e 5 Id' Sci Theodori mr. 

[10] 15 f 4 Id' no dis 

["] 4 g 3 Id' Sci Marti epi Dirige no le 

O] A 2 Id' Missa p aia Walt'ile Grey cu di n . 1 subdi n . 

Dirige. 
[13] 1 2 b Idus. Sci Bricij epi. Missa p danvers cu le fe 

di 1 subdia n . 

[14] ic 1 8 Kl' Decemtts 

[15] d 17 Kl' Sci Macuti epi. no dis 

[16] pe 1 6 Kl' Sci Edm' ariepi. Missa p aia Henr' reg'. 3 1 no le 
[17] f 15 Kl' Sci Hug', epi. no le 

[18] 17 g 14 Kl' 

[19] 6 A 13 Kl' Dirige. no dis 

[ 20 ] b 12 Kl' Sci Edm'. r'. a mr. Missa p M9 Hu fr' a 

Lodow' de no le 

[31] 14 c ii Kl' C Cherleton cu dia 'I subdi n . 

[22] 3 d 10 Kl' See Cecilie v ] 'g'. 1 nir. no le n 1 fe 

[23] e 9 Kl' Sci Clement' [ppe]. Missa p com' no le 

Ele de oibj s'. c di n 1 sb n . 

[24] 1 1 f 8 Kl' Sci Grisogoni nir no dis 

M *9 g 7 Kl' See Kat'ine v ! g'. non le 

[26] A 6 Kl' lefe 

[27] 8 b 5 Kl' 
[28] c 4 Kl' 
[29] 1 6 d 3 Kl' Missa p aia Regie Elianore vx' reg' no dis 

Edw'. de Reqie 
[30] 5e 2 Kl' Sci Andree apl'i. non le 

[Nov. 8, 'Hoc die (1602) pablica Academiae bibliotheca a M ro . Bodleio 
restaurata aperiebatur.' entered in a seventeenth-century hand. Then an earlier 
note ' . . . a principle euaiigelij vsq5 [.iij.] agnus dei . . .' obliterated. 

Nov. n, marginal note on right hand has been blotted out. 

Nov. i^pape has been erased.] 



102 JUN. PROCTOR'S KALENDAR [MS, C. 



KL 



[i] 13 f A V. JL*4 December 



W 

[3] 
[4] 
[5] 

W 

[9] 

[o] 


2 
10 

18 

7 

15 
4 


g 
A 
b 
c 

d 
e 
f 

g 
A 

b 


4 
3 

2 

W 

ns 
8 

7 
6 

5 
4 
3 


Ns 
Ns 
Ns 
Ns 
Id' 
Id' 
Id' 
Id' 
Id' 
Id' 


depo Sci Osmudi Dirige 
Missa p a Mn lo de petois de requie 
S' Nicholai epl 

Concepcio bte Marie 


no le 
no dis 
no le 
lefe 
nd le 
lefe 


[u] 


12 


c 


2 


Id' 






[13] 


I 


d 


Id' 


Id' 


S e lucie virgls 


lefe 


M 




e 


19 


Kl' 


lanuer' 




['5] 


9 


f 


18 


Kl' 







[16] 




g 


17 


Kl' 


O sapiecia 




[7] 


17 


A 


16 


Kl' 


Missa p her' de laci comit' lincolies Cessacio 














Lecfe MioTl 




[18] 


6 


b 


15 


Kl' 






[19] 




c 


14 


Kl' 






[20] 


14 


d 


13 


Kl' 


vig' 


no dis 


[21] 


3 


e 


12 


Kl' 


S 1 Thome apli 


nd le 


[23] 




f 


II 


Kl' 






[23] 


ii 


g 


10 


Kl' 






IX) 


19 


A 


9 


Kl' 


vig' 


no dis 


Os] 




b 


8 


Kl' 


Natiuitas dm nn Ihu xpi 


no le 


[26] 


8 


c 


7 


Kl' 


S 1 Stephani pthoris 


no le 


[27] 




d 


6 


Kl' 


Si lohls apli 1 eungeliste 


no le 


[28] 


16 


e 


5 


Kl' 


S^ Innocencium M^ 


no le 


[29] 


5 


f 


4 


Kl' 


S 1 Thome Archiepi 


n5 le 


[30] 




g 


3 


Kl' 




no dis 


[sOI 


! J 3 


A 


2 


Kl'] 




no le 



[Dec. 5, and Dec. 17 : the additions made by a later hand here in MS. C are 
original entries in MS. B. St. Osmund was not canonized until January, 1457.] 



MS. 5.] SEN. PROCTOR'S KALENDAR 103 

DecembeR 



KL 



M 
[3] 
M 
[5] 


13 

2 

IO 


f . 

g 
A 
b 
c 


L^V. 

4 N' 
3 N' 

2 N' 

Non' 


L-f 

Deposico sci Osmundi epi. Dirige. 
Missa p aia magfi Ion' de Petoys de no dis 












Requie. 




M 


18 


d 


8 


Id' 


Sci Nichi epi 


no le 


[7] 


7 


e 


7 


Id' 




lefe 


M 




f 


6 


Id' 


Concepcio be marie. 


no le 


[9] 


15 


g 


5 


Id' 




lefe 


M 


4 


A 


4 


Id' 






[ll] 




b 


3 


Id' 






[12] 


12 


c 


2 


Id' 






[13] 


I 


d 


Idus. 


See Lucie virg'. 


*. le fe 


[14] 




e 


19 


Kl' 


lanuer'. 


^ 


[15] 


9 


f 


18 


Kl' 






[16] 




g 


17 


Kl' 


O sapiencia. 




M 


17 


A 


16 


Kl' 


Cessaco lecture M^. Missa p 


.H. de Laci 












com' Lyncoln'. 




[18] 


6 


b 


15 


Kl' 






[19] 




c 


14 


Kl' 






M 


M 


d 


13 


Kl' 


vigt 


no dis 


[21] 


3 


e 


12 


Kl' 


Sci Thoe apl'i 


no le 


[22] 




f 


1 1 


Kl' 






[23] 


ii 


g 


10 


Kl' 






M 


19 


A 


9 


Kl' 


vigt 


no dis 


[25] 




b 


8 


Kl' 


Natiuitas dm nn Ihu xpi. 


no le 


[26] 


8 


c 


7 


Kl' 


Sci StephI pthomfis 


no le 


[27] 




d 


6 


Kl' 


Sci lohls apl'i Tt eung'. 


[no le] 


M 


16 


e 


5 


Kl' 


Scol/ Innocenciu mR. 


no le 


M 


5 


f 


4 


Kl' 


S[ci Thome Archiepl.] 


no le 


[so] 




g 


3 


Kl' 




no dis 


[3i] 


13 


A 


2 


Kl' 


Sci SiluesP. 


no le 



[Dec. 5, a sixteenth-century note partly obliterated : ' eo. M r LeytoK . . .' 

Dec. 12,'Natalitia lo. Tern.' entered in a seventeenth-century hand. 

Dec. 27, no le has been erased. 

Dec. 29, this entry has been erased. 

At the foot of the page for December the Oath of Allegiance, 1562, is inserted.] 



104 SOME ENTRIES IN THE KALENDAR 

Although the College missals in use at Oxford were in many instances 
of Sarum Use, and students found that the Sarum Kalendar answered 
their purposes sufficiently as regarded the names of the Saints com- 
memorated, and the like, the books provided for University officials 
had some peculiarities, over and above the additional entry of holidays 
from lectures and exercises, and the obsequies and commemorations 
of benefactors and other worthies. 

The Missa Bur gentium (cf. MS. A *) on St. Scholastica's day (Feb. 10) 
in memory of the sad transaction in 1354, when certain scholars were 
slain after an affray with the townsmen, was of course of local interest 

We find, marked in the Oxford Kalendar, twenty holy days which 
have no place in the ordinary Sarum books. 

Foremost among these are the ' Invention ' and ' Translation ' of 
the local virgin saint, Frideswyde, on May 15 (A*), and Feb. 12 (A). 
Even her 'Depositio' on Oct. 19 (A) was not generally established/in 
other places in England when in 1 480 the prolocutor of the Southern 
Convocation petitioned the primate (Cardinal Bourchier) to enjoin this 
along with two or three other festivals which had not as yet been 
observed in this country, notwithstanding that they had received papal 
recognition some time previously \ 

Several other ' non-Sarum ' names appear : 

Antony of Padua (June 13), Osithe (June 3), Peter of Milan 
(April 29) A, Botulph (June 17), Wilfrid (Oct. 12), and William of 
York (June 8) A, names well known in Lincoln or York Use, and 
therefore likely enough to have been observed in Oxford somewhat 
ostentatiously by 'Northern' scholars. St. Bertelin or Bettelin of 
Stafford appears (at the ninth day of September) in the margin of the 
Bedel's book at a later date. 

Though Irishmen, Welsh, and Scots were not looked upon with 
favour at Oxford 2 , St. Patrick's name was duly entered in the 
kalendar on March 17, as well as those of the other national patrons 
recognized in Sarum Use. It became necessary, however, to restrain 
the custom of students inviting their ' national ' comrades from other 
parishes to attend noisy festivities on their special holy days, and it 
was thought desirable to bind the Grammar masters and students to 
keep uniformity in observing holy days according to their common 
kalendar. Exception only was made in favour of each man's parish 
feast in which he himself was allowed to join s . 

1 Wilkins, Concilia, iii. 613. 

2 Mun. Acad. (i.) 20, 21 ; (ii.) 539, 587-8, 684-5. 
8 Ibid, (i.) 18, 91-2, 305 ; (ii.) 375, 443-3, 540-1. 



PECULIAR TO OXFORD 105 

To scholastic and monastic influences we may attribute the ap- 
pearance of such entries in the Oxford kalendars as St. Thomas 
Aquinas (March 7) A *, and the Translation of St. Dominic (May 24), 
and the two days of St. Francis (May 25, Ptransl. ; and Oct. 4). We 
may notice also the Translation of St. Eloy (Dec. i), St. German 
(May 2 1 ), Juliana (Feb. 23), Mildred (July 13) A*. Also St. Euphemia 
on April 13. This last named is found likewise in Winchester 
books. The Depositio S. Osmundi\s> a later insertion in A, that saint 
not having been canonized until 1456. His festival was one of those 
for the -full recognition of which the Convocation of Canterbury 
petitioned Cardinal Archbishop Bourchier in 1480. 



icy 



ON THE 'COMPUTUS MANUALIS 
IN USUM OXONIENSIUM' 

WE have seen how students of arts and medicine sometimes 
had a university kalendar bound up with their textbooks as 
a convenient manual in the thirteenth century or later *. We observed 
also that the Computus or Kalendar with the Table to find Moveable 
Feasts, &c., had a statutable place in the curriculum of Arts 2 . 

Of the * Libellus Sophistarum.' 

It was therefore only natural that there should be a textbook for 
its study. 

Students, who have had larger opportunities for handling sixteenth- 
century books than I have, may be able to give a better account of the 
early productions of the University. I confess that it was with feelings 
of the greatest interest that I opened, quite recently, a little quarto 
volume in the Palace Library at Lambeth (xxiii. 7. 24), which seemed 
to me to contain in embryo those great foundations the OXFORD 
CLARENDON and the CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PITT Presses. 

Two little works are bound together in this volume, the one printed 
in 1523 (June 4), the other in 1530 (July 16). Both are the work of 
Caxton's foreman and successor Wynkyn de Worde, then printing in 
the parish of St. Bride's at the sign of ' the Sun ' in Fleet Street, 
London. I was familiar with his edition of schoolbooks, Sum es 
fuz, &c., and similar works of Stanbrig and of Robert Whitinton, 
laureatus Oxon., Lichfeldiemis grammatices magister, et protovates 
Anglie, for there is in the Vicar's library at St. Mary's, Marlborough, 
a fine collection of these little pieces, ranging from 1520 to 1532. 
But (though I had read of them) I had never seen these publications 
for students in our two Universities. They are 

(1) UtibeUujj &op|)tetaru 

afc bgura tiPatftdgfen.' 

(2) ILtiMIiijS Sopijtetaru at) bgu xonten.' 

Each of them has a woodcut representing a master seated at his 
desk with three pupils before him. The Cambridge edition has its short 

J See above, pp. 18, 19, 31, 32. * See -p. 16. 



io8 FOURTEENTH-CENTURY KALENDAR 

title enclosed in a ribbon, or scroll, and the woodcut (Dibdin, i. p. 1.) 
repeated on the reverse page, and the sheets (A-K 8 , L 8 ) signed 
' Sophis. Canti.' The Oxford copy runs only to K 4 . Of the latter 
there is an earlier copy in the Bodleian (8 O. 4. Art.) 1512 (Aug. 12) 
of the same bulk. 

The two works have a certain family likeness, but with some of the 
examples different, and with just that amount of dissimilarity which we 
might expect to find between (say) a Rugby and a Cheltenham grammar. 

On sig. F. i. (verso) we find in the Cambridge book Consequentie 
allyngton . . . ' Contra hunc textum ab Aristotele primo periarmeniarum 
edit., de nulla vna re simul dicantur contradictoria incomplexa, Sfc., 
sic arguitur,' &{c. 6fc. Robert Alington was scholar of Queen's and 
Fellow of New College and Chancellor of the University in 1394. The 
reference is to iheperi hermeneias. I suppose the printed books (if they 
did not incorporate them) took the place of such MSS. as Sophismata 
de equiuocis, T. Moston (Magd. Coll. cod. xcii) and the Sophismata of 
W. Strode (Oriel, cod. xxxiii. p. 282) who I suppose was Chaucer's 
'philosophical Strode' (Troilus and Criseyde, li. 1857), whom about 1383 
he coupled with ' moral Gower,' but who is named ' Ralph ' Strode by 
Tanner (Biblioth. Brit. p. 697). 1 

The Libellus Sophis tarum is said by Dibdin (ii. 152) to have been 
printed in vsum Cantibrigien in 1510, 1525, and some other year 
unknown. Copies of these are to be found in existence as follows : 

1510. Sept. 7, is in Cambridge University Library, Hh. 14. 73 1 . 

1524. June 4, is in Lambeth Palace Library, xxiii. 7. 24. 

That in vsum Oxonien : 

? 1515. (imperfect), is in the British Museum, C. 37. c. 44. 

1524. Pynson, mentioned by Dibdin from Ames and Herbert. 

1530. July 16, W. de Worde, in Lambeth Palace Library, 
xxiii. 7. 24. a 

As the Libellus Sophistarum was intended to aid the student in Arts 
with his Dialectic, so the Compotus Manualis was designed to help 
him over his ' Computus,' to which he had solemnly sworn to devote 
eight whole days of lectures. 2 I am not sure that we can altogether 
vindicate it from being an early Oxford ' cram ' book, and the systematic 
use of the diagrams of the palms of the hands (whence I suppose the 
title Manualis was derived) must have sorely tempted the mediaeval 

1 Dr. Warton, in his Hist, of Eng. Poetry, i. 388-9, apparently identifies Lewis 
Chaucer's tutor, ilium nobilissimum philosophum magistrum N. Strode, as the 
Poet calls him {Astrolabie, c. 40), with the writer of Sophismata. 

* Anstey, Mutt. Acad. (ii.) 413, cf. 416. 



OF THE 'LIBELLUS SOPHISTARUM ' 109 

Mr. Bouncer to anticipate the methods of Mr. A. C. Hilton's Heathen 
Pass-ee at Cambridge *. 

We will now give the text of the Oxford Computus 1 *, adding such 
elucidations as are within our power. 

1 The Light Green, ii. p. 8 (1872). 

a We have mentioned one or two instances of miscellaneous tracts gathered in 
one volume in old times for the use of our University students or teachers. (See 
pp. 18, 31, above.) No. 70 among the volumes given by T. Markaunt about 1439 
to the students of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, is an excellent example of 
such a collection. It cost 6s. Sd., and contained 

(1) Algorismus, cum magistro Thoma de Nouo Mercatu exponendum. [Pro- 
bably the text of Alex, de Villa Dei, with comment by T. of Newmarket, 
circ. 1410. Cf. Peterhouse MS. 184 (8).] 

(2) Algorismus de minuciis [J. de Sacrobosco, or Halifax, on fractions]. 

(3) Compotus ecclesiasticus . [Probably by J. de Sacrobosco. T. of Newmarket 
wrote a prose comment. It was originally calculated for 1244-56.] 

(4) Tractatus de spera. [Probably by J. de Sacrobosco, De Sphera.~\ 

(5) Theorica planetarum. 

(6) Musica Boecii abbreuiata. 

(7) Sufficiencia musice organice. [By J. de Muris, MS. Bodl. Digby, 168.] 

(8) Musica Boecii abbreuiata per lohannem de muris. [Halliwell mentions 
that there is a copy of J. de Muris (who wrote circ. 1321-45) in Brit. Mus. 
Lansdowne MS. 762.] 

(9) Alius tractatus de discantura. [This MS. volume is lost, but Dr. M. R. James 
supplies the incipit of the second and penultimate folios ' dicitur et 
albedinem? and ' vel valorem pro breue'~\ 

The Compoius verses, with prose comment by Thomas of Newmarket, M.A., 
Cantab., and some of the other treatises just mentioned, are found in the Peter- 
house MS. 184 = 1.8.8*. See also MS. Bodl. Digby, 81. This compotus, beginning 
' Omnium philosophorum discretissimi,' is (says Dr. M. R. James) a comment 
on the Algorismus of Dionysius Abbas, Peterhouse MSS. p. 216. How large was 
the number of copies of the Compotus, and of the treatises thereon, may be gathered 
from Dr. James's account of the Ancient Libraries of Canterbury and Dover 
(Camb. 1903). Thus I note, on a hasty search, in the Catalogue of Ch. Ch. Cant, 
nos. 92, 98, 285-90, 957, 1426 and 1605 (see also Bodl. Digby, 28). Among 
books which were at Canterbury College, Oxford (A.D. 1524), no. 251 was 
Compotus Geraldi. In the Catalogue of St. Augustine's, Cant., nos. 1127-34, 
1140, 1142, 1147, 1153-7, 1167, 1170, 1429, 1456 (prose and verse), 1563, and 
1594. In the Catalogue of Dover Priory, A.D. 1389, nos. 124, 324; II. 334, 395 
(massa compoti), 411 (ars calculatoria), and 442 (comp. eccles. glosatus). Out 
of this list Dr. James had identified a few as still extant. From Ch. Ch. Cant, 
no. 287 = ? Brit. Mus. Cotton Calig. A. xv (part a). From St. Aug. Cant, 
(nos. 1127, ? 1154 were in Dr. Dee's hands). 

No. 1140 = Bodl. Rawl. C. 117. 

No. 1147 = Brit. Mus. Harl. i. 

No. 1155 = Cambr. Univ. Ii. i. 15. 

No. 1156 = Bodl. 464. 

No. 1157, cf. St. John's Coll. Oxon. 17. 

No. 1170 = Corpus Chr. Coll. Oxon. 221. 

From Dover Priory, no. 124 = Glasgow, Hunterian Mus. v. 6-17. 



no 



ON THE FRONTISPIECE TO THE 

OXFORD 'COMPOTUS MANUALIS' OF 

1519-20 

THIS woodcut seems to me to represent a young Master of Arts 
(perhaps Magister Anianus the author of the text, or a reader 
of the text and gloss in lecture). He wears a rich figured gown or 
tabard, with hood or tippet and laureated cap, and is delivering his 
lecture from an open book which rests upon a knee-table or desk, 
which might well be the envy of modern students for its drawers, 
cupboards, and accommodation for a book of reference on a pupitre 
on either side, besides the one in front of him. I should have been 
inclined to suggest that the scene intended is the Art Schools at 
Oxford ; but Dr. Hastings Rashdall has assured me that the rod or 
birch which he holds as a mere emblem in his left hand ' lightly like 
a flower' rather than with the grasp of a Busby, a Udal, or an 
Orbilius, must indicate that the place represented is the lecture-room 
within his hall or college. A more awe-inspiring scutica or tause, 
loaded with a bulla of leather (if not of lead) reposes in reserve 
beneath his penknife to his right *. Two students drawn on a scale of 
humble diminution are writing at desks or lecterns revolving on their 
pillars. Below these sit five others on a long form or stone seat, 
which has a front of carved diaper pattern, or of textile drapery. 
Above the end of the seat hangs what may be meant for a bag of 
books or papers. That the total number of students, like that of the 
clasped tomes above the lecturer's head, is seven, may imply an allusion 
to the seven liberal arts of the trivium and quadrivtum, indicated in the 
memorial lines : 

' Gram: loquitur; Dia: vera docet; Rhet: verba colorat; 
Mus: canit ; Ar: numeral ; Geb: ponderat ; A st: colit astra.' 

A lamp, an hour-glass, a clock striking on a bell with pendent 
weights, together with terrestrial and celestial globes, form at once the 

1 John the Deacon (cir. 872) in his Life of St. Gregory, ii. 6, mentions that the 
whip, with which that great pope menaced the boys in his Singing School at Rome, 
was preserved in his day at the Schola Cantorum. 



ON THE FRONTISPIECE, A.D. 1519-20 in 

natural furniture of the room and an emblematic suggestion of the 
teacher's subject the computus or calculation of the kalendar. The rod 
has ten twigs ; our ' bibling-rod ' at Winchester had only four. 

As to the wreath of bay Dr. Rashdall writes to us : ' Poets and 
teachers of Grammar or Rhetoric 1 were certainly created Poets 
Laureates and invested with the Laurea at Oxford and Cambridge. 
"The custom of laureating poets perhaps originated in Italy. We 
hear of it at Padua in the fourteenth century. There is a letter of 
Petrarch, where the poet declares that he received invitations on one 
and the same day, ad percipiendam lauream poeticam, from Rome and 
from the Chancellor of Paris. Only the first invitation was accepted 2 ." 
But there were other occasions on which other graduates wore 
wreaths 8 : so I should not be too confident that the schoolmaster in 
the picture was a laureate . . . schoolmasters might be Masters of Arts 
or Masters of Grammar; but as the natural teacher of Computus 
would be a Master of Arts, I think it would be the safest way to 
describe him as such.' (New College, Oxford. May 3, 1903.) 

The following interesting comment has been kindly communicated 
by Dr. Edwin C. Clark, Regius Professor of Laws at Cambridge, 
whose paper on English Academical Costume (Mediceval) appeared in 
the Archaeological Journal^ vol. L. 73-207. (Reprinted, W. Pollard, 
8vo, Exeter, 1894.) 

THIS is a very interesting and suggestive representation of a 
quasi-doctorate in Arts. 

That the Compotus was an Arts subject I am informed by 
Mr. Wordsworth, and should also infer from the plate itself. That 
a doctorate, or quasi-doctorate, was intended I conclude from the 
costume of the figure. This js, in order of putting on, a cassock, 
tabard or sleeved cope, a tippet, and, on the head, zpileus of dignity. 

1 Boase, Register, i. p. 299. 

* Universities of Europe, Rashdall, 1895, II. ii, where the references are given. 
' Bernard Andrew, poet laureate, received a royal annuity in 1486 on account of 
his teaching at Oxford and elsewhere.' (loc. tit?) John Skelton, the poet previously 
laureated at Oxford, and beyond the seas, was licensed to wear the bay at Cam- 
bridge also in 1493. 'Rob. Whitinton Lichfeldiensis,' of whose grammatical 
works there is a good collection at St. Mary's, Marlborough, is described circ. 1519- 
3i (exactly the period of our Compotus) as ' grammatices magister et protovates 
Anglic, in florentissima Oxoniensi academia laureates.' 

3 Bachelors of other faculties wore floral wreaths at the Festivities of the Act. 
Caius, Hist. Cantabr. p. 122. Canons of St. Paul's wore wreaths of roses in 1405. 
Wharton, De Episc. Land. p. 150. 



112 FOURTEENTH-CENTURY KALENDAR 

The other articles of dress are found with the lower degrees, in 
Arts as well as in the specially so-called Faculties. 

The rod (an unmistakeable birch] is rather the sign of a Master in 
Grammar. But the pileus of dignity, in Academical Costume, belongs 
properly to the Doctorate, a degree regularly confined to the three 
Faculties of Divinity, Law, and Medicine. 

In the earlier part of the sixteenth century a short-lived attempt was 
made to . erect a kind of Humanist Faculty, after the pattern of the 
older three. This attempt took its most definite form in the Collegium 
poetarum et mathematicorum started by the Emperor Maximilian at 
Vienna in 1501. The style of the academical degree was to bepoefo 
laureatus, but the insignia distinctly followed those of the Doctorate, 
including the Hat of Dignity, and adding thereto a wreath of laurel. 
My authority for the above statement is the seventh volume of the 
Monographien zur deutschen Kulturgeschichte, p. 65, where will be 
found a copy of Durer's woodcut (now at Berlin) representing these 
insignia as conferred upon the Humanist Conrad Celtis, somewhat 
earlier (by Maximilian's father, Frederick III). The same work 
contains (at p. 68) a likeness of the same Celtis (from a woodcut of 
Burgkmair's), which resembles the figure in the Compotus in every 
respect tippet, sleeved under-dress, laureated hat except the birch 
rod. I am not sufficiently acquainted with the history of Oxford 
University to say whether there was any English attempt to set up 
a sort of Arts Faculty in the beginning of the sixteenth century. 
But it certainly would seem as if the printer of the Compotus had in 
view some of the facts or pictorial representations to which I have 
referred. 

[E. C. CLARK, LL.D., F.S.A.] 

NEWNHAM HOUSE, CAMBRIDGE. 



LIST OF PRINTED EDITIONS OF 'COMPOTUS MANUALIS 
MAGISTRI ANIANI CUM COMMENTO.' 



Date. 


Size. 


Place. 


Printer, &c. 


. 

^J 

1 


, LJ 

*! 

<> 


Owner, &c. 


1486 .... 




Rome 








(Hain. moa..^ 


1488, i8Kl' Dec. 
1488-9 10 Feb. 


4 


Strasb. 
Lyons 


J. Prys' (Algorismus, 

PP- 45-53> 
J. de Pre" 


44 





Brit. Mus. I A. 1638. Bodl. 
Oxon. Auct. 4Q. 5. 50. 
( Hain K^Q.I ^ 


1489 7 Oct 


1 


Lyons 


J de Pre* .... 


2Q 


6 


Brit Mus I A 41824 


1489, 12 Oct. 




Lyons 


J. de Pre 






(Hain. stJOK ^ 


1490-1, 24 Jan.. 

1491, 17 Aug. . 
1492-3, 24 Jan.. 
14.023, 13 Feb. 


4 
4 


Lyons 

Lyons 
Lyons 
Lyons 


J. de Pre (wants title) . 

Mathias Huss . . . 
J. Fabri Aleman. . . 
J. Fabri 


38 
40 


7 + 2 
6 


Bodl. Oxon. Auct. 2 Q. 
5. 60. 
(Copinger, 1731.) 
Brit. Mus. i A. 41965. 
(Hain, 2196; Copinger, 


1493, 10 June . 

I4.nr 


4 


Rome 
[Lyons! 


A. Fritag de Argentina 
[Mathias Hus] . . . 


4 


... 


1732.) 
Brit. Mus. 8630. f. 6. 
[Bodl Oxon., missing. 






Paris 


Morand, for F. Regnault 






1862.] 
(Cot>inger. 172,3.^ 


: 1408 




Paris 


for Petit 






(Copinger 1728 ) 


1 1 ;oo . 




[Basel! 




an 


8+2 


Brit Mus. 716. f. i. 






Paris 








(formerly Abp. Cranmer, 
and Ld. Lumley). 
Brit Mus 8610 c. 


1500 .... 

CQ2 . 


4 


Lyons 
Paris 


Gaspard Ortuin . . . 
J. Ysabel (for) M. 


33 

34. 


8+2 

8 + 2 


Brit. Mus. 8533. e. 32. 
Brit Mus. G. 16, 396 


1502) . . . 

502 .... 

502-3, 15 Mar. 

:QA 


4 

8 
8 


Rouen 
Paris 
Paris 
Lyons 


Durand Gerlier 

In officina Roberti Mace, 
Cadomi (imperfect) 
J. Ysabel < E. G.' and 
' Desmarnes ' 
J. (...) in vico ludaico, 
for F. Regnault 


29 

44 
42 


9+2 

6+2 

8+2 


(formerly Sir T. Gren- 
ville). 
Bodl. Oxon. 4. D. 21. Jur. 

Brit. Mus. 8630. a. 16. 
Bodl. Oxon. 8 C. 1 70 Art. 

(LaZande. ) 


06-7 . . . 
09 .... 

II, 17 Nov. . 
15-16, i Feb. 

[9 .... 
:9-20, 5 Feb. 


8 
4 

4 
8 

4 
4 


Lond. 
Lyons 

Paris 
Paris 

Paris 
Oxon. 

Paris 


Ri. Pynson (imperfect) 
Claude Nourry . . . 

Michael Niger . . . 
T. Caseus Vuesalien, 
sumpt. J. Petyt & 
Mich. Nigri 
N. de la Barre . . . 
C. Kyrfoth .... 


24 

42 
64 

5 2 
16 


4 + n 

8+2 

8 + 2 
8+2 

8+2 

4 


Brit. Mus. C. 20. a. 33. 
Brit. Mus. 11409. bb. b. 

r 5- 
Brit. Mus. 11409. bb. 47. 
Lambeth Palace, x. II. 
32 (contains some 
Greek). 
Brit. Mus. 531. 1. 9 (?>\ 
Cambridge Univ. AB. 4. 

6 9 (5). 
(Lalande?) 


I. <? c. 1505) 


12 


Rouen 


Pro Robinet Mace, Ca- 
domi 


48 


8+2 


Brit. Mus. 533. a. 34 (2). 



i the sixth column of the preceding table we note the number of diagrams of hands + the 
tber of other diagrams or charts, if any, in each copy examined. In the one instance, 4 
02) where we reckon '9' hands, one is a duplicate on the title-page. See pp. 133-4, below. 

two other copies, see Camb. Univ. Library, AB. 4. 69 (A.D. 1498, Paris), and P*. II. 41 

). 1502, Paris). 



H4 FOURTEENTH-CENTURY KALENDAR 

THE Compotus manualis cum commenio was printed at least thirty 
times between 1486 and 1529. It consists of a metrical text, 
ascribed in several editions to ' Magister Anianus 1 a Latin poet and 
astronomer of the fifteenth century/ and runs to upwards of 250 
Latin hexameter lines. It treats of (i) the Solar Cycle, (2) the Lunar 
Cycle, (3) the Moveable and Immoveable Festivals, and (4) the 
Seasons. Under these four headings an account is given of (i) Leap 
year, the planets, the signs of the zodiac, and the order of holy days 
fixed in the kalendar, expressed in the memorial lines Ci-si-o la-nus, 
&c., (2) the salius lunae, the epacts, regular es, and embolismal years, 
(3) the daves fes/orum, (4) the terms and quarters of the year, vigils, 
perilous (or ' Egyptian ') days, and litterae iabulares. 

At the end are commonly added six lines ' in commendation of the 
work/ viz. 

'Que vix antiqui . . . brevi compendio et arte.' 

The text is usually divided into thirty-four paragraphs of from two 
to eighteen lines. To each paragraph of the text a prose gloss or 
comment is subjoined or prefixed in most of the editions, although not 
in the one printed at Oxford. 

From 1490 onwards the editions include from four to eight diagrams 
of open or closed hands, with words, letters, or syllables inscribed on 
the several joints ( iuncturae) of each finger, as is stated in the title of 
the quarto just mentioned, viz. 

' Liber 2 qui Compotus inscribitur : vna cum figuris et manibus 
necessariis tarn in suis locis quam in fine libri positis Incipit feliciter. 
Lux or fa est iusto s . Psalmista * Ista verba . . . Dicitur autem atho- 
mus ab a quod est sine, et Thomos quod est diuisio quasi sine 
diuisione. 

Quoniam in magno compoto tradite sunt multe regule et diuerse 
a magistro Alexandra de villa dei. . . . Patet ergo quod in quolibet 
digito sunt septem iuncture excepto pollice, in quo solum sunt 
quinque : nee plures nee pauciores.' 

The text then begins : 

' Compotus est talis . . . vna dies superaddi.' 

1 Hain (*a 195-6) gives the name in the form ' Avianus' 

* The title in 1488 is 'Co#*potus manualis magir/ri aniani + metricus cu* 
commento et algorismus.' 

8 This is called in 1488 'Prologus in libruw aniani, qui compotus nuncu- 
patur.' 

4 Ps. xcvi. Vulg, (= xcvii.), n. 



PRINTED EDITIONS OF 'COMPUTUS MANUALIS' 115 

The commendatory verses are eleven in number 
'Que vix antiqui . . . 

. . . Et qui portat aquam puer vrniger : et duo pisces V 
Then a kalendar of tabular letters, golden numbers, &c., with an 
explanation thereof, ending ' que littera erit dominicalis pro predictis 
vltimis festis mobilibus.' ' Registrum.' 

'Liber compoti cum cowzmento finit feliciter. 
Impressus Lugduni per Johannes de Prato. Anno domini. 
M. ccc. xc. die xxiiii. lanuarii/ 

The Roman 4to edition of 1493 has a woodcut on the title showing 
a person at a window displaying a geometrical scroll with the legend 
' Altior incubuii animus sub imagine mundi,' to another who holds a pair 
of compasses and paper with geometrical figures. The colophon is : 

'Liber compoti cum commento finit feliciter Impressus Rome per 
Andream Fritag de Argentina. Anno a natiuitate domini. Millesimo 
quadragentesimo nonagesimo tertio. Die vero x. lunii Sedente 
Alexandra sexto Pont. max. anno eius prime. 

Laus Deo. 

Tempora cum causis phebi phebeque calendis 
Bisextum & ciclos edocet iste liber 
Excutere ut ualeat priscorum tempore densas 
Erroris nebulas aura benigna fugat 
Octo manus patule monstrant o contio cleri 
Tende tuas propere largiter ista pete 

Hec. B. S.' 
(A. Fritag s device.} 

The izmo ' Compotus magistri Aniani,' printed at Rouen (about 
1505) for Robert or Robinet Mace" dwelling at Cahors ('Cadomi, 
iuxta pontem sancti petri '), has eight diagrams of hands, one for 
finding the Sunday Letter, and one with names and signs of the 
zodiac. The gloss begins : ' In ista parte auctor prosequitur de suo 
intento. Computus est talis . . . ' (and ends) ' . . . cum predictis vna 
dies vult superaddi anno bissextili, id est (in) anno bissextili V On 
the title-page is a solar face with a dial somewhat similar to the rota 
littere dominicalis reproduced in the Cambridge edition of the Sarum 

1 This last verse is wanting in the edition of March 15, 1502-3, where the ten 
verses are called ' Breue compendium? 

a The gloss here seems to be the same as in 1488. Several editions end 
' . . . propter bisextum.' 

I 2 



n6 FOURTEENTH-CENTURY KALENDAR 

Breviary l . R. Mace's device shows a mermaid holding up a comb and 
anchor, lettered ' R. M.' ; it is bordered by coats of arms and the 
mottoes ' Ung Dieu/ ' Ung Roy,' ' Une Foy/ ' Une Loy,' below which 
is his name ' Robinet Mace/ 

Some of the later editions (Paris, ign, and 1515-16) have two 
additions which appear to have been introduced in 1508 : as the title 
of the later edition possibly implies : 

' Compotus nouissime ampliatus ac emendatus et familiari elucidatus 
commentario vna cum manibus figurisque suis in locis 2 decenter 
adiectis M.d.viij. Cum textual! ordine marginariisque annotaciunculis 
et compluribus documentis memorabilibus antea non impressis. 
C Compendium denique superadditum est .N. Bone spei trecensis. 
Necnon modus renouande tabule paschalis 3 totius opusculi index 
aliaque conducibilis ' (1515-16) 4 . 

The earlier editions contain an ordinary kalendar (besides the 
Cz'sw-ianus), but those of 1511 and 1515-16, as well as the undated 
sixteenth-century Rouen edition (Mace*), have no such kalendar. 

The prologus distinguishes this metrical Compotus of master Anian 5 
from a larger one, the ' magnus compotus magistri Alexandri de Villa 
Dei/ The reference is I suppose to the Massa compoti which begins 
' Licet modo in fine temporis/ 

The verses of Anianus appear to be, generally speaking, the same in 
the different editions, so far as I have been able to examine them ; 
but Miss Jessica Lewis observes that the seventeen lines (8-24), ' Hie 
imponatur . . . boabel . dicens . fiet . augur,' occur in the Lyons edition 
of 1492 in a different collocation i. e. earlier than they do in 1489. 

Of some variations in the ' Cisioianus.' 

In the Cisioianus lines there is naturally some little variety. As the 
Oxford Computus says, 

' Si mutes vsum, versus mutare licebit/ 

1 Brev. ad usum Sarum (Cantab., 1886), iii. p. xv. See also W. Cooke and 
C. Wordsworth's Directorium Sacerdotum (H. Bradshaw Soc., 1901), ii. 617, 
619. 

* Tarn in suis locis quam in fine libri positis : 1509 suis in locis auspicate 
adiectis: 1511. 

8 Tabule cerei paschalis : 1511. 

* Lalande {Bibliogr. Astron^] assigns the tables of the Compotus manualis to 
Nic. Bonaspes, and the gloss to Jacques Marsus, Dauphinois. 

5 To Anianus in the fifteenth century are attributed the familiar lines of the 
Zodiac : ' Sunt Aries, Taurus} &c. Lalande, Bibliographic Astronomique, 
1853. 



OF SOME VARIATIONS IN THE CISIOIANUS ' 117 

The names of saints recorded in the kalendar differed somewhat in 
various countries and dioceses. Some printers or editors appear to 
have contented themselves with reproducing the Cisioianus as they 
received it from Anianus, leaving to the lecturer to adapt it to his local 
kalendar ; others attempted the task of alteration ; and we find 
occasionally a reference to this in the gloss, and even sometimes a 
difference in the passage of the text. Where the Oxford book of 
1519-20 says, like Pynson's edition of 1506-7 : 

'Sunt alii versus pro festis bis duodeni: 
Nee tamen hoc vsu reliquos inscribere vidi. 
Si mutes vsum, versus mutare licebit; 
Namque alios alius versus sibi postulat vsus. 
Usu diuerso variantur festa frequenter. 
Horum ideo propria mutari metra necesse est.' 

an examination of a few editions shows that there were at least four 
forms in which the lines were then commonly current. To take the 
month of January as a specimen: 

(1) ' /^ I-si. ge. ia-nus e-pi si-bi guil di-cat hil. fe. mau. mar. an. 

^/ Pris-ca fa(b). ac vin-cen-ti pau-lus iul-que va-le-rus.' 

This appears in the Lyons editions of 1489 and 1492, and in the 
compendium of N. Bone spei of Troyes in 1515-16 it occurs (though 
reading in the main text, ' Ci-si-o ia-nus e-py,' &c.) in full, under the 
description of 'Disticha fixorum festorum in morem insignis par- 
rhisiorum dioces'. It reappears in Pynson's Almanack Ephemerides, 
London, 1506-7. 

(2) ' Ci-si-o ia-nus e.pi. lu. fe. la. nus et ken. fe. mau. mar. an. 

Pris-ca fab. ag. vin-cen-ti. pau-lum iul. ag. que ba-tild.' 
This is found in the Kalendar of Shepherdes, printed in Paris in 
1503, and in Pynson's edition of the same, printed in London 
in 1506. 

(3) ' Ci-ci-o ia-nus e-pi. lu-ci-a-nus, et hil. fe. mau. mar. sul. 

Pris. wul. fab. ag. vin. pe-te. pau-li iul. ag-ne. ba-tyl.' 
This in the Oxford Computus, printed there in 1519-20. 

(4) 'Circ- Ge-no. Ia-nus E-pi. Ri-go. Guil. dat, et Hil. Fe. Bo. 

Mar-cell. 
Pris.que Seb. Ag. Vin. E. Bab. Pau. Pol. lu. Ca-ro. Bat. Cyr.' 

From a later service-book. Psalterium cum hymnis, Paris, 1551. 
See Directorium Sacerdotum, ii. p. 605 (app.). 



n8 



FOURTEENTH-CENTURY KALENDAR 



To these we may add : 

(5) ' Ci-si-o. Ian. Ed. E-pi. Lu-ci-a-nus et Hil. Fe. Maur. Mar. Sul. 

Pris. Vul. Fab. Ag. Vin. Pe-te. Pau-li lul. Ag-ne Ba-til[dis.]/ 
From a Salisbury MS. cir. 1450. See Salisbury Ceremonies, p. 231. 

(6) ' Cyr-cum-staunt-ly . thre . Kyngs . came . by . nyght 

By . an . hye . hyll . or . day . lyght.' 

From the Sarum fforae, Paris, 1532. We mark in italics the only 
festivals here noticed. 

(7) 'Cisio lanus Epiphaniis die dona magorum 

Vincit orans Agne nova Paulum lumina vertent.' 

Pseudo-Sede, in Migne, Patr. Latin, xc. 786. 

Leaving out of account the later Paris Horae of 1551 (which notices, 
besides Ste. Genevieve, Rigobert of Rheims, Bonitus of Clermont, 
Emerentiana, Babylas, Charlemagne, and Cyr, not being very strict 
in counting its syllables, while it names the popular St. Sebastian 
in place of his companion Fabian), we notice the following variants 
in the month of January : 



Days. 


Saints. Year of Death. 


Lyons, 
1489. 


Shep. K. 
i5 3. 


Oxon. 
15*9- 


Sarum. 
1450- 


Jan. 3 


Genoveva, V. 1 5ia . . . . 


* 


_ 


_ 


_ 


M 5 


Edward, K. C. f 1066 . . . 


- 


- 


- 





, 8 




_ 





* 


* 


. Q 






# 






10 


William of Bonrges f 1 209 . . 


* 




_ 


- 


*3 


Kentigern, Bp. of Glasgow f 601 


- 


* 


- 


- 


17 




* 


* 




_ 


17 


Sulpice, B. C. f 647 . . . . 






* 


* 


19 


Wulstan, B. C. f 1095 . . . 


- 


- 





* 


3 3 


? Peter of Egypt f 400 . . . 


- 


- 


*1 


*? 


28 


Agnetis 2 do (f 303) .... 


- 


* 


* 


* 


20 


Valerius, Bp. sec. i 










3O 


Batildis, Q. f 670 























To St. Felan, or Filan, son of Feriach and St. Kentigerna, was 
attributed the English victory over Robert Bruce at Bannockburn 
in 1314. 

The Kentigern of Jan. 13 was the Bishop, St. Mungo (= 'dearest'), 
whose tomb at Glasgow was in request for miracles. 

'Pierre 1'Egyptien ' is given on Jan. 23 in Migne's JEncycl. The'ol. 



OF THE 'CISIOIANUS'.' CAMBRIDGE USE 119 

xvii, p. 1006. But perhaps pete is merely an imperative verb addressed 
to the reader, and put in to fill out the line with syllables sufficient to 
place St. Paul on the 25th. 

The gloss or comment says : 

'Unde est notandum quod quelibet dyocesis habet suum modum 
dicendi circa ista viginti quatuor versus. Et hoc secundum festa 
sanctorum, que festa colunt in vna Dyocesi 1 , et non in alia: sed 
iste modus hie insertus 2 est modus generalis in francia' (ed. Lyons, 
1489). 

In 1506-7 Pynson for his English readers concludes the sentence 
' Sed iste modus hie incertus t est modus generalis.' And so the Paris 
edition of 1515-16. 

The 'Ars Compoti Manualis' in the Digby MS. 190, in the Bodleian 
Library, contains on leaves 71, 72 a double series of the ' Cisioianus,' 
beginning as follows : 

(8) ' Cisio lanus epi. sibi vendicat hinc Feli. Marcel.' 

(9) ' Scissa Geno. sec. 3 epi. retinet lanus II. Fe. Mau. Mar. An.' 

In the Digby collection there are two copies of the ' Computus 
Manualis in vsum Cantebrig/ Of these Digby MS. 15 was written 
by a scribe named Bernys, or Barnes. The opening of this agrees 
with No. 5, which we have cited on p. 1 18, only with ' Cicio' for ' Cisio*.' 

Digby MS. .81, by the scribe J. de Marisco, 'secundum vsum 
Cantebrigie/ differs somewhat in the second line, thus : 

(10) 'Cicio lanus ephi . . . sulp. 

Prise, wist. fab. agn. vin. quoque con. 6 iul. a. se. 6 batil.' 



1 'dyocesim': 1498 (' dyocesi ' : 1492). 

2 'inceptus': 1492. 'incertus': 1506-7,1515-16. 



f = sic. 

8 For 'sec.' on Jan. 5, I find no saint nearer than ' Syncletica,' which is unsatis- 
factory. 

* Perhaps the most noticeable variant in the Cambridge Use, as found in their 
' Cisioianus,' is St. Philibert on Aug. 20. He was founder of Jumieges abbey. 
Some names found in the Cambridge Use, but omitted in that of Oxford (e.g. Faith, 
Gereon, Kalixtus, and Wulfram, all in the month of October), are found in ordinary 
kalendars of the Sarum type. 

5 con., i.e. Conversio S. Pauli. 

6 a. se., i.e. Agnetis secundo. 



120 1 CISIOIANUS J (1520} EXPLAINED 



A KALENDAR 

NEWLY CONSTRUCTED (1904) TO ILLUSTRATE LINES 
94-117 OF THE 'COMPOTUS MANUALIS IN VSUM 

OXONIENSIUM; PRINTED BY c. KYRFOTH IN 1519-20 

A LT HOUGH Kyrfoth's Oxford Computus does not contain a 
Jr\. kalendar fully set out in the accustomed manner, his readers 
would naturally have one before them, so that they might understand 
his meaning. I have attempted to reconstruct one from his data. 
See below, lines 94-1 1 7, the ' Cisioianus' with Oxford holidays, &c. 
noted in it. I reprint the couplet of ' Ci-si-o-ia-nus ' for each month 
at the head of the page, and then (so to express it) plant out the 
several festivals, which it specifies, in an almanac form on the days 
severally indicated. The place of each has been ascertained by 
noticing the position occupied in the couplet by the syllable or 
syllables which denote each feast. Thus (e. g.) I place St. Hilary on 
January 13, because 'Hil.' is the thirteenth syllable in the distich for 
that month. 

I have added at the foot of each month the corresponding lines 
from the Cisioianus of Pynson's Almanack Ephemerides of 1506-7. 
See above, pp. 2-8. It will be observed that the syllables of the 
nonsense lines A -Z>am De-Ge-J?a.t (='At Dover Dwells George 
Brown ') are prefixed to the several months by Pynson. See p. 4. 



'CISIOIANUS' (1520} EXPLAINED 121 

IANUARIUS. 

Ci-si-o la-nus E-pi. Lu-ci-a-nus, et Hil. Fe. Mau. Mar. Sul. 
Pris. Wul. Fab. Ag. Vin. pete, Pau-li, lul. Agne Ba-tyl. 

Circumcisio Domini. p. 



Epiphanie. p. 

Luciani sociorumque eius Memoria 



[Octa. Epiph.] Hilarii. le. fe. 

Felicis episcopi. 

Mauri abbatis. 

Marcelli pape. 

Sulpicii episcopi confessoris. 

Prisce virgin is. 

Wulstani epis. conf. non dis. 

Fabiani et Sebastiani. non le. 

Agnetis V. M. le fe. 

Vincentii M. non le. 



Pauli conuersio. non le. p. 

luliani Ep. C. 
Agnetis secundo. 

Batyldis V. 



A. Ci si o la nus e pi si bi guil di cat- hil fe mau 

mar aus 

Pris ca fab ac vin cen ti pau lus iul-que va le rus. 
(Pynson, ' Almanach Ephemerides/ 1506-7.) 



I 


A 


Calend. 


2 


b 


4 Non. 


3 


c 


3 Non. 


4 


d 


Prid. Non. 


5 


e 


Nonis. 


6 


f 


8 Id. 


7 


g 


7 Id. 


8 


A 


6 Id. 


9 


b 


5 Id. 


10 


c 


4 Id. 


ii 


d 


3 Id. 


12 


e 


Prid. Id. 


13 


f 


Idus. 


14 


g 


19 Cl. Feb. 


15 


A 


18 Cal. 


16 


b 


17 Cal. 


17 


c 


16 Cal. 


18 


d 


15 Cal. 


19 


e 


14 Cal. 


20 


f 


13 Cal. 


21 


g 


12 Cal. 


22 


A 


ii Cal. 


23 


b 


10 Cal. 


24 


c 


9 Cal. 


25 


d 


8 Cal. 


26 


e 


7 Cal. 


27 


f 


6 Cal. 


28 


g 


5 Cal. 


29 


A 


4 Cal. 


3 


b 


3 Cal. 




c 


Prid. Cal. 



122 



ON THE OXFORD 'COMPUTUS MANUALIS': 



FEBRUARIUS 1 . 

Brig. pur. Bias, et Ag. Ve. Fe-bru-que, Sco-last. 2 Fre-de. 

Va-lent. 
lul. con-iun-ga-tur cum Pe-tro Matth. po-ne post Au. 3 



I 


d 


Calend. 


2 


e 


4 Non. 


3 


f 


3 Non. 


4 


g 


Prid. Non. 


5 


A 


Nonis 


6 


b 


8 Id. 


7 


c 


7 Id. 


8 


d 


6 Id. 


9 


e 


5 Id. 


10 


f 


4 Id. 


ii 


g 


3 Id. 


12 


A 


Prid. Id. 


13 


b 


Idus 


14 


c 


1 6 Cl. Mar. 


15 


d 


15 Cal. 


16 


e 


14 Cal. 


17 


f 


13 Cal. 


18 


g 


12 Cal. 


19 


A 


ii Cal. 


20 


b 


10 Cal. 


21 


c 


9 Cal. 


22 


d 


8 Cal. 


23 


e 


7 Cal. 


24 


f 


6 Cal. 


25 


g 


5 Cal. 


26 


A 


4 Cal. 


27 


b 


3 Cal. 


28 


c 


Prid. Cal. 



Brigide y. 
Purificacio Marie. 
Blasii Ep. M. 

Agathe V. M. 

Vedasti et Amandi Confessorum. 



Scolastice V. 
Fredeswide Translacio 
Valentin! M. 
luliane V. M. 



Cathedra S. Petri 
Mathie ap. M. 

Augustini Ep. 3 



n. dis. 
n. le 

le. fe. 

le. fe. 



n. dis. 
n. le 



n. dis 

n. le p 

n. dis 

n. le. 



n. dis 
n. le 



Dam. Bri pur bla sus a gath Fe bru ap sco las ti ca 

va lent 
lu li con iun ge tu pe trum math ve nit ho nor. 



1 Fo. B. j. Comp. Man. Oxon. 

2 Kyr. apparently places St. Fricleswide on the lath, instead of the nth. 

3 Read 'Au. post.' 



'CISIOIANUS' (1520) EXPLAINED 
MARTIUS. 



123 



Da. Ced-de Mar-ci-que Tho-mas fes-tum dat Gre-gor-ij 

pa. Pat. 
Ed-war. Cut. Be-ne-dic. et an-nun. vir-gi-nis e-duc. 

n. le. 
n. le. 



n. dis 
n. le. 



n. dis 
n. le p. 



n. dis 
n. le. 
lefe. 
n. dis 
n. le p 
n. le. 



n. dis 

n. le p 

lefe 



1 


d 


Calend. 


Dauid Ep. 


2 


e 


6 Non. 


Cedde Ep. C. 


3 


f 


5 Non. 




4 


g 


4 Non. 




5 


A 


3 Non. 




6 


b 


Prid. Non. 




7 


c 


Nonis 


Thome de Aquino. 


8 


d 


8 Id. 




9 


e 


7 Id. 




10 


f 


6 Id. 




ii 


g 


5 Id. 




12 


A 


4 Id. 


Gregorii pape. 


*3 


b 


3 Id. 




14 


c 


Prid. Id. 




15 


d 


Idus 




16 


e 


17 Cl. Apr. 




17 


f 


1 6 Cal. 


Patricii C. 


18 


g 


15 Cal. 


Edwardi R. M. 


19 


A 


14 Cal. 




20 


b 


13 Cal. 


Cutberti Ep. C. 


21 


c 


12 Cal. 


Benedict! abbatis 


22 


d 


ii Cal. 




23 


e 


10 Cal. 




24 


f 


9 Cal. 




*5 


g 


8 Cal. 


Annunciacio Marie 


26 


A 


7 Cal. 




27 


b 


6 Cal. 




28 


c 


5 Cal. 




29 


d 


4 Cal. 




3 


e 


3 Cal. 




3i 


f 


Prid. Cal. 





De. Al bi Mar of fi ci o de co ra tur gre go ri a no 
Ger-trud-al-ba-be-ne iunc-ta ma-ri-a ge ni tri ce. 
(Pyn.) 



124 ON THE OXFORD ' COMPUTUS MANUALIS ' : 

APRILIS. 

Fes-ta Ric. Am-bro-si ce-le-bres in A-pril-que Ti-bur-ci. 
Et post Al-phe-gi-que Ge-or. Mar-ci quo-que Pe-tri. 



I 


g 


Calend. 


2 


A 


4 Non. 


3 


b 


3 Non. Ricardi Ep. C. 


4 


c 


Prid. Non. Ambrosii ep. 


5 


d 


Nonis 


6 


e 


8 Id. 


7 


f 


7 Id. 


8 


g 


6 Id. 


9 


A 


5 Id. 


10 


b 


4 Id. 


ii 


c 


3 Id. 


12 


d 


Prid. Id. 


13 


e 


Idus 


14 


f 


1 8 CI. Mai. Tiburcii et Valeriani 


15 


g 


17 Cal. 


16 


A 


1 6 Cal. 


17 


b 


15 Cal. 


18 


c 


14 Cal. 


19 


d 


13 Cal. Alphegi M. 


20 


e 


12 Cal. 


21 


f 


ii Cal. 


22 


g 


10 Cal. 


23 


A 


9 Cal. Georgii M. 


24 


b 


8 Cal. 


25 


c 


7 Cal. Marci evang. 


26 


d 


6 Cal. 


27 


e 


5 Cal. 


28 


f 


4 Cal. 


29 


g 


3 Cal. Petri mediolanensis 


30 


A 


Prid. Cal. 



n. dis 
n. le. 



n. le, nisi fe. 



n. dis 
n. le 

n. dis 
n. le 



n. le 
n. dis 

Ge. Ap e gyp am bro si i fe stis o - uat at - que 

ti bur ci 
Et va - ler sane ti que gre gor 1 mar ci que vi- ta lis. 



1 Read ' ge-org.' 



'CISIOIANUS' (1520} EXPLAINED 



MAYUS. 

Phi. lac. cru-cis et lo. lo. be-uer-lac. [en] * Ne-re-us Fred. 
Post-e-a Dun-sta-ni : po-ne Do. Fran. Au-gust. Ger-ma-ni 
Pe. 



I 


b 


Calend. 


2 


c 


6 Non. 


3 


d 


5 Non. 


4 


e 


4 Non. 


5 


f 


3 Non. 


6 


g 


Prid. Non. 


7 


A 


Nonis 


8 


b 


8 Id. 


9 


c 


7 Id. 


10 


d 


6 Id. 


ii 


e 


5 Id. 


12 


f 


4 Id. 


13 


g 


3 Id. 


14 


A 


Prid. Id. 


I 5 


b 


Idus 


16 


c 


17 Cl. lun. 


17 


d 


16 Cal. 


18 


e 


15 Cal. 


19 


f 


14 Cal. 


20 


g 


13 Cal. 


21 


A 


12 Cal. 


22 


b 


ii Cal. 


23 


c 


10 Cal. 


24 


d 


9 Cal. 


35 


e 


8 Cal. 


26 


f 


7 Cal. 


27 


g 


6 Cal. 


28 


A 


5 Cal. 


29 


b 


4 Cal. 


3 


c 


3 Cal. 


3 1 


d 


Prid. Cal. 



Philippi et lacobi app. 
Inuentio sancte Crucis 



lohannis ante port, latin, 
lohannis Beuerlacensis Ep. 



n. le 

n. dis 

n. le 

n. dis 
n. le 
n. le 



Nerei et Achillei et Pancracii MM. 
Fredeswyde Inuencio. 



n. dis 
n. le 



n. dis 
Dunstani archiepiscopi et conf. n. le 



Translacio s. Dominici C. 
Translacio s. Francisci C. 
Augustini Anglorum apostoli 

Germani Ep. C. 



n. dis 
n. le 
n. le 
n. le 



Petronille V. 

Bat. Phi -lip -crux qui for io han ac ni-cho-las May -us 

dat 

Ho que dat y uo sa cer sil te uer br Au gust 
ger e pi pe. (Pyn.) 

1 A syllable appears to be wanting in Kyr. between ' beuerlac ' and ' Nerens.' 



126 ON THE OXFORD < COMPUTUS MANUALIS ' : 



IUNIUS. 



Nic. Mar-cell-i, Bo-ni-fac. Med. Ed-mund, Bar-na. 
An-tho-ni. 
Bot. Mar. Ger. Ed-ward, Al-ban, bap-tist, lo. Pau. Le. 


Pe. Pau. 


i 


e 


Calend. 


Nicomedi M. 




2 


f 


4 Non. 


Marcellini et Petri MM. 




3 


g 


3 Non. 






4 


A 


Prid. Non. 






5 


b 


Nonis 


Bonifacii et sociorum MM. 


n. dis 


6 


c 


8 Id. 






7 


d 


7 Id. 




n. dis 


8 


e 


6 Id. 


Medardi et Gildardi Epp. 


n. le 


9 


f 


5 Id. 


Translatio S. Edmundi Archiep. 


n. dis 


10 


g 


4 Id. 






ii 


A 


3 Id. 


Barnabe Ap. 


n. le p. 


12 


b 


Prid. Id. 






JO 


c 


Idus 


Anthonii C. 


n. le 


14 


d 


1 8 Cl. lulii 






15 


e 


17 Cal. 




n. dis 


16 


f 


1 6 Cal. 


[Translacio S. Ricardi] 


n. le 


17 


g 


15 Cal. 


feotulphi C. 


n. dis 


18 


A 


14 Cal. 


Marci et Marcelliani MM. 




19 


b 


13 Cal. 


Geruasii et Prothasii MM. 




20 


c 


12 Cal. 


Translatio S. Edwardi R. M. 




21 


d 


ii Cal. 






22 


e 


10 Cal. 


Albani prothomartyris Anglorum 


n. le 


23 


f 


9 Cal. 




n. dis 


24 


g 


8 Cal. 


lohannis baptiste 


n. le p 


25 


A 


7 Cal. 






26 


b 


6 Cal. 


lohannis et Pauli MM. 


le. fe. 


27 


c 


5 Cal. 






28 


d 


4 Cal. 


Leonis pape 


n. dis 


2 9 


e 


3 Cal. 


Petri et Pauli apostt. 


n. le p 


3 


f 


Prid. Cal. 


Commemoratio S. Pauli 


le. fe. 



Er. Ni mar lu nus ha bet re le bri a bar nap 

a pos tol. 
Cir quo que ger ua len pau Ii io el que le pe : pol. 



'CISIOIANUS' (1530) EXPLAINED 
IULIUS. 



127 



Est vi-si. Mar-tyn, Ces. Tho-mas, et Fra. Be-ne-dic-ti 
Swi-thi Ken. 
Ar-nul. Mar. Prax. Mag. Ap, Cris. lac. Ann. Dor. Samp. 


Sim. Ab. Ger. 




i 


g 


Calend. 






2 


A 


6 Non. 


Visitatio Marie 


n. le 


3 


b 


5 Non. 






4 


c 


4 Non. 


Translacio S. Martini 


le. fe. 


5 


d 


3 Non. 






6 


e 


Prid. Non. 


Cessacio 


n. dis 


7 


f 


Nonis 


Translacio S. Thome 


n. le. 


8 


g 


8 Id. 






9 


A 


7 Id. 






10 


b 


6 Id. 


SS. septem fratrum MM. 




ii 


c 


5 Id. 


Translacio S. Benedict! 




12 


d 


4 Id. 






I 3 


e 


3 Id. 






14 


f 


Prid. Id. 






15 


g 


Idus 


Translacio s. Swithuni 




16 


A 


17 Cl. Aug. 






17 


b 


16 Cal. 


Kenelmi R. M. 




18 


c 


15 Cal. 


Arnulphi Ep. M. 




19 


d 


14 Cal. 




{n. dis) 


20 


e 


13 Cal. 


Margarete 


(n. le.) 


21 


f 


12 Cal. 


Praxedis non mart. 


{n. dis) 


22 


g 


ii Cal. 


Marie Magdalene 


<n. le.) 


23 


A 


10 Cal. 


Apollinaris Ep. M. 




24 


b 


9 Cal. 


Cristine V. M. 


(n. dis.) 


25 


c 


8 Cal. 


lacobi ap. 


(n. le) 


26 


d 


7 Cal. 


Anne matris Marie 




27 


e 


6 Cal. 


Septem dormientium MM. 




28 


f 


5 Cal. 


Sampsonis Ep. M. 




29 


g 


4 Cal. 


Felicis et Simplicii, cum sociis 




3 


A 


3 Cal. 


Abdon et Sennen MM. 




3 1 


b 


Prid. Cal. 


Germani, Ep. C. 


(n. dis.) 



Go. Le pra ce mar ti tho ma the sep que be ne tu 

ca ve da sti 
Ar nul mar vir mag da chri is mar trans a mar 

a ger. 



128 ON THE OXFORD ' COMPUTUS MANUALIS': 
AUGUSTUS. 

Pe. vin. Ste-phen. Os. trans. le-su, Ro. Lau. Ti-bur. Y-po. 

Sump. 
Ro-chi et Mag-ni, Ber-nar-di, Bar-tho-lo-mi, Au. 'col. 

bap. Cut. 



I 


c 


Calend. 


S. Petri ad vincula. 




2 


d 


4 Non. 






3 


e 


3 Non. 


Inuentio Stephani prothomartiris 




4 


f 


Prid. Non. 






5 


g 


Nonis 


Oswaldi R. M. 




6 


A 


8 Id. 


Transfiguratio Domini 




7 


b 


7 Id. 


de Nomine lesu. 




8 


c 


6 Id. 






9 


d 


5 Id. 


S. Romani memoria. 


n. dis 


10 


e 


4 Id. 


S. Laurencii memoria. 


n. le 


ii 


f 


3 Id. 


S. Tiburcii memoria. 




12 


g 


Prid. Id. 






J 3 


A 


Idus 


Ypoliti et sociorum 




14 


b 


19 Cl. Sep. 




n. dis. 


15 


c 


1 8 Cal. 


[As]sumptio Marie. 


n. le 


16 


d 


17 Cal. 


Rochi 




17 


e 


1 6 Cal. 






18 


f 


15 Cal. 






19 


g 


14 Cal. 


Magni M. 




20 


A 


13 Cal. 






21 


b 


12 Cal. 


Bernardi C. 


n. dis 


22 


c 


ii Cal. 






*3 


d 


10 Cal. 




n. dis 


24 


e 


9 Cal. 


Bartholomei ap. 


n. le 


25 


f 


8 Cal. 






26 


g 


7 Cal. 






27 


A 


6 Cal. 




n. dis 


28 


b 


5 Cal. 


Augustini ep. 


n. le 


29 


c 


4 Cal. 


[De]collatio s. lohannis baptiste 


n. le 


3 


d 


3 Cal. 






3 1 


e 


Prid. Cal. 


Cuthberge V. 





Ci. Pe tre steph Au gust sir do nat re lau co tib 
^ y pol. 

Sump ti o vir gi nis et thi mo bar lu do uic 
a io haw nis (Pyn) 



' CISIOIANUS ' (1520} EXPLAINED 
SEPTEMBER. 



129 



E-gi-di, Cuth. Ber-ti-ni, nat. Gor-gon. Pro-thi-que cru-cis. 
E. Lam-ber-ti-que Matth. Mau. Tec-le. Fir. Cip. Cos-me, 


Mych. ler. 


i 


f 


Calend. 


Egidii abbatis. i 


;i)e. fe. 


2 


g 


4 Non. 






3 


A 


3 Non. 






4 


b 


Prid. Non. 


Translatio s. Cuthberti 




5 


c 


Nonis 


Bertini abbatis 




6 


d 


8 Id. 






7 


e 


7 Id. 




n. dis 


8 


f 


6 Id. 


Natiuitas Marie. 


n. le 


9 


g 


5 Id. 


Gorgonii M. 




10 


A 


4 Id. 






ii 


b 


3 Id. 


Prothi et lacincti MM. 




12 


c 


Prid. Id. 






X 3 


d 


Idus 




n. dis 


14 


e 


1 8 Cl. Oct. 


Exaltacio s. Crucis. 


n. le 


15 


f 


17 Cal. 






16 


g 


1 6 Cal. 


Edithe V. 




17 


A 


15 Cal. 


Lamberti Ep. M. 




18 


b 


14 Cal. 






19 


c 


13 Cal. 






20 


d 


12 Cal. 




n. dis 


21 


e 


ii Cal. 


Mathei ap. 


n. le 


22 


f 


10 Cal. 


Mauricii sociorumque eius MM. 




23 


g 


9 Cal. 


Tecle V. 




24 


A 


8 Cal. 






25 


b 


7 Cal. 


Firmini M. 




26 


c 


6 Cal. 


Cipriani et lustine 




27 


d 


5 Cal. 


Cosme et Damiani MM. 




28 


e 


4 Cal. 




n. dis 


29 


f 


3 Cal. 


Mychaelis archang. 


n. le 


3 


g 


Prid. Cal. 


leronimi presb. 


le. fe. 



Fos. Eg an god ti bi dat na ta ma ri a ma 

crux san. 

Sep lam ber ti post ma the i si di se dem 
mi mich hi e. (Pyn.) 



130 ON THE OXFORD ' COMPUTUS MANUALIS ' . 

OCTOBER. 

Re. Le-o, Fran-cis, Hug. Mar-ci, Di-o, Ni-ga. Ed-war-di, 

Mich. mon. 
Lu. Fri-des-wyd, mil. virg. Ro-ma. Cris-pi-nus, Si-mo-nis. 

Quint. 



I 


A 


Calend. 


Remigii sociorumque eius 




2 


b 


6 Non. 


Leodegarii ep. M. 




3 


c 


5 Non. 






4 


d 


4 Non. 


Francisci C. 




5 


e 


3 Non. 






6 


f 


Prid. Non. 


Translacio S. Hugonis Ep. 




7 


g 


Nonis 


Marci, Marcelliani et Apulei MM. 




8 


A 


8 Id. 






9 


b 


7 Id. 


Dionisii et sociorum eius MM. 


le. fe. 


10 


c 


6 Id. 






ii 


d 


5 Id. 


Nigasii cum sociis MM. 




12 


e 


4 Id. 






13 


f 


3 Id. 


Translacio S. Edwardi- R. C. 




14 


g 


Prid. Id. 






15 


A 


Idus 






16 


b 


17 Cl. Nov. 


Michaelis in monte tumba. 




17 


c 


16 Cal. 




n. dis 


18 


d 


15 Cal. 


Luce ewang. 


n. le 


19 


e 


14 Cal. 


Frideswyde V. 


n. le 


20 


f 


13 Cal. 




le. fe 


21 


g 


12 Cal. 


SS. undecim milium virginum MM 




22 


A 


ii Cal. 






2 3 


b 


10 Cal. 


Romani Ep. C. 




24 


c 


9 Cal. 






25 


d 


8 Cal. 


Crispini et Crispiniani MM. 




26 


e 


7 Cal. 






27 


f 


6 Cal. 




n. dis 


28 


g 


5 Cal. 


Simonis et lude app. 


n. le 


29 


A 


4 Cal. 






3 


b 


3 Cal. 






3 1 


c 


Prid. Cal. 


Quintini M. 


n. dis 


^4. Re le o franc au da fi mar dy o qui que ie 






ca lix. 






Oct o lu ca 


caw mil me se ma lu pus et sy 


mo 


lu . quin. (Pyn.) 



' CIS10IANUS ' (1530) EXPLAINED 131 

NOUEMBER 1 . 

Om. An-i-ma-que Le-o. Lo-do-wi. Mar-ti. Bri-ci. Mach. Ed. 
Hu-go-nis, Ed-mund, Ce. Cle-ment. Kat. Li-ni pa. Sat. An. 

n. le. pr 
n. le. p 



n. dis 
n. le. p 



n. dis 
n. le. p 

le. fe. 

n. dis 
n. le. p 
n. le. p 

n. dis. 
n. le. p 

le.fi. 
n. le. p 

n. dis 
n. le. p 

lefe 



n. dis. 
n. le. p 

o que oc mar mart co. 
cle ir a mar ti us ac 



I 


d 


Calend. 


Omnium Sanctorum. 


2 


e 


4 Non. 


Commemoracio Amman 


3 


f 


3 Non. 




4 


g 


Prid. Non. 




5 


A 


Nonis 




6 


b 


8 Id. 


Leonardi C. 


7 


c 


7 Id. 




8 


d 


6 Id. 


Lodowici - 


9 


e 


5 Id. 




10 


f 


4 Id. 




ii 


g 


3 Id. 


Martini Ep. C. 


12 


A 


Prid. Id. 




13 


b 


Idus 


Bricii Ep. C. 


14 


c 


i8Cl. Dec. 




J 5 


d 


17 Cal. 


Machuti Ep. C. 


16 


e 


16 Cal. 


Edmundi archiep. Cant. 


17 


f 


15 Cal. 


Hugonis ep. 


18 


g 


14 Cal. 




19 


A 


13 Cal. 




20 


b 


12 Cal. 


Edmundi R. M. 


21 


c 


ii Cal. 




22 


d 


10 Cal. 


Cecilie V. M. 


23 


e 


9 Cal. 


dementis pape M. 


24 


f 


8 Cal. 




25 


g 


7 Cal. 


Katerine V. M. 


26 


A 


6 Cal. 


Lini pape M. 


27 


b 


5 Cal. 




28 


c 


4 Cal. 




29 


d 


3 Cal. 


Saturnini M. 


3 


e 


Prid. Cal. 


Andree Ap. 



Dri. Om me mar et cla le 

math le ge. 
Vir gi ni et san cte ce 



an (? leg-. ' sat an ') (Pyn) 

1 ' Nonamber ' -1*19-30. 

1 ' Lodowic.' Nov. 8th was the date of the death of Louis VIII (/# Lion), 
A. D. 1226, and the accession of St. Louis, the ninth of that name. 



K 2 



i 3 2 ON THE OXFORD < CISIOIANUS ' (1520) 
DECEMBER. 

E-li-gi. Os. Bar-ba.f Ni-col. con-cep-ti-o-que Lu-ci-e 
' O sa-pi-en '-que Tho-ma, pro-pe Nat. Step. lo. In. Tho-me, 
Sil. 



I 


f 


Calend. 


Eligii Ep. C. 


2 


g 


4 Non. 




3 


A 


3 Non. 




4 


b 


Prid. Non. 


Depositio Osmundi Ep. C. 


5 


c 


Nonis 


Barbare V. 


6 


d 


8 Id. 


Nicolai Ep. C. 


7 


e 


7 Id. 




8 


f 


6 Id. 


Concepcio Marie V. 


9 


g 


5 Id. 




10 


A 


4 Id. 




ii 


b 


3 Id. 




12 


c 


Prid. Id. 




J 3 


d 


Idus 


Lucie V. M. 


14 


e 


19 Cl.Ian. 




J 5 


f 


1 8 Cal. 




16 


g 


17 Cal. 


O sapiencia. 


i7 


A 


1 6 Cal. 




18 


b 


15 Cal. 


' 


19 


c 


14 Cal. 




20 


d 


13 Cal. 




21 


e 


12 Cal. 


Thome ap. 


22 


f 


ii Cal. 




2^ 


g 


10 Cal. 




24 


A 


9 Cal. 




25 


b 


8 Cal. 


Natiuitas Domini 


26 


c 


7 Cal. 


Stephani prothomartiris. 


27 


d 


6 Cal. 


lohannis ewang. 


28 


e 


5 Cal. 


SS. Innocencium MM. 


29 


f 


4 Cal. 


Thome M. 


3 


g 


3 Cal. 






A 


Pr. Cl. Ian, 


Siluestri pape. 



le 



le 



n. dis 

n. le p" 

lefe 

n. le p 

lefe 



le n 



n. dis 
nle. p 



P 
P 
P 
P 
P 



Fos. E Ii dat re si ni fa ma ri mich gen ti lu 

ci e. 

Fes ta De cem bris tho que co lit na ste io 
in tho me sil (Pyn.) 



' COMPUTUS MANUALIS, CUM COMMENTO ' 133 

THE DIAGRAMS. 

In the preceding table of printed Computi manuales, when we 
describe the later editions as containing ' 8 + 2 ' diagrams, we mean 
that there are eight diagrams of hands, human left hands, closed or 
open 1 , and two charts or diagrams of a different character : thus 

Hand (1) Open palm : Manus sinistra pro parie interiori describes 
the joints of the thumb and fingers : ' Pollex, summitas pollicis, supra 
radix, radix pollicis ' ; and similarly ' Index,' ' Medius,' and ' Medicus,' 
and their corresponding joints ('summitas,' &c.). In some systems 
the 'pollex' is disregarded. 

Hand (2) The back. In some editions, e.g. 1515-16, (a) manus 
sinistra pro parte exleriori, the whole palm turned round : Medicus, 
Medius, Index. In others, e.g. 1490-1, 1502-3, (<5) the wrist and 
thumb as before, but the fingers turned down and clenched on the 
palm so as to show their backs, and described, e.g. 'Auricularis, prima 
subungula, secunda subungula, grossa radix minimi' (disregarding 
the thumb). 

Hand (3) Open : Manus sinistra pro parte interiori. The memorial 
nonsense line ' Filius esto dei celum bonus accipe grates ' imposed on 
the various joints of the several fingers. 

Hand (4) The back : in some editions turned round at the wrist 
to show the back of the entire hand ; in others, the backs of the four 
fingers are brought into view by closing the fist. Manus sinistra 
pro parte exteriori. The same verse, '/llius esto . . . grates.' 
(Hands 3 and 4 are intended for reckoning the Sunday Letters, 
F, E, D, C, B, A, G.) 

Hand (6) Open : Manus sinistra pro parte interiori, drawn as in 
nos. i and 3 above. The four nonsense lines '/"nidus alit,' ' El 
^enitrix,' ' Z>at /"lores,' and ' Cam&t <?dens,' as given above on p. 6, 
the fourth line serving for leap-years with twofold Sunday letters, as 
the three other lines do for common years. 

Hand (6) The back : the same lines as in no. 5, applied to the 
joints ' pro parte exteriori'. In certain editions, e.g. 1490-1, 1502-3, 

1 In some editions (e.g. the Compotus of Feb. i, 1515-16, of which there is a 
copy at Lambeth, x. n, 14*) both diagrams in each pair show the left hand open, 
first 'pro parte interiori,' then (as if it was turned at the wrist) ' pro parte exteriori? 
In the English editions the back of the fingers is shown in the latter case by closing 
them down upon the palm. For our list of editions see p. 113. 



134 'COMPUTUS MANUALIS' DIAGRAMS 

the beginnings of lines i and 2 only are applied to diagrams (5) or (6), 
while the remainder of those two lines are applied to the companion 
figure of the pair, while the lines ' Et genetrix ' and ' Dat flores ' are 
discarded. 

Hand (7) Open: manus sinistra pro par ie interiori ; the joints of 
each of four fingers lettered successively D, E, F, G. 

Hand (8) The back: pro par te exteriori ; the letters A, B, C, 
applied to the joints of the backs of each of the four fingers. 

[Hand (9). No. (i) above is merely repeated, on the title-page in 
the edition of Robinet Mac, Rouen, cir. 1500.] 

Chart (i) Zodiacal signs (' Est Aries, Taurus' &c.) and the names of 
the corresponding months arranged in two concentric circles round 
the Sun's face. 

Chart (ii) Table to find the Golden Number and the Sunday 
Letters for any common year or bissextile in the fifteenth or sixteenth 
century. There are three concentric circles whereof the outer disk 
contains the series of aurei numeri from i. up to xix. The middle 
circle has litterae Dominicales in recurring order from g to a, while 
the inner circle gives in every fourth place the proper Sunday Letter 
for the later months of each leap-year in the series. See Kalendar 
sheet in Breviarium ad usum Sarum, ed. Cantab. 1886, iii. p. (xv). 
In the Compuius of 1515-16, the centre of this chart is occupied 
by a note ' H Hec est tabula ad cognoscendum literas d0/wzhica/<?j 
cuiuslibet anni, secundum principium suum voluenda, et semper 
duratura.' 

The two charts and the eight hands occur in varying order in 
different editions. The editions prior to 1500, and a Paris edition 
of 1502, contain a smaller number of diagrams. 

Among numerous tables which illustrate the Compoti of Hilperic, 
Garland, &c. in the beautifully written MS. I. 15 at St. John's Coll., 
Cambridge, formerly at Conventus London, and in the eighteenth 
century the" property of 'Bishop Wagstaff and of T. Baker (both 
Nonjurors), there is on p. 52 a zodiacal circle in red, blue, green, 
and yellow. In the Sarum printed Breviary of 1531 is a rota litterae 
dominicalis, which I have twice reproduced: in 1882, adapting it to the 
nineteenth century, and in 1901 (Direct. Sacerd. ii. 617) for the 
twentieth. 



SOME COPIES OF THE ' COMPUTUS ' 135 

Some Copies of the * Computus in Manuscript. 

The following MSS. of the Compotus Aniani have come under my 
notice : 

Compotus est talis, &c. 

There is a 'compotus versificatus ' (which I have not seen) at 
Caius College Library, MS. 141, art. 7, bound with the 'Compotus 
Gerlandi ' and the ' Almanach Profacii.' Also ' massa compoti cum 
tabulis et kalendario,' MS. 385, art. n, besides other treatises men- 
tioned in our list hereafter. 

(a) ' Filiusesto Dei,' &c., i.e. verse 9 of Anian (see p. 161) : British 
Museum, MS. Harl. 955, ff. 83^-84^. (See Direct. Sacerd. ii. 
pp. 608-9.) 

(&) The same beginning : ' Compotus manualis,' saec. xv. Trin. Coll. 
Cam. MS. 1081, O. i. 57, ff. 22-31. (c) Also Brit. Mus. Egerton 
MS. 843, ff. 38^-39^ w ith gloss. (Formerly in Trin. Coll. O. 2. 45.) 

(<r) ' Mobilis ibo cifos' &c., i.e. verse 178 of Anian (see p. 171): 
Trin. Coll. Cam. MS. O. 2. 5. 

The opening line ' Compotus est talis} &c., appears in Sarum Missals 
printed at Paris and Rouen in 1500 (fol.), 1503 (8vo), and 1504-5 
(J. du Pre), and in the Sarum Manual (410), 1523, and perhaps some 
other editions of 'quedam regule secundum parvum compotum ecclesie 
Romane.' See Directorium Sacerdotum, ii. 612 (1901). 

Of the title ' Computus ' or ' Compotus.' 

ETYMOLOGICALLY the word (Lat.) 'Compotus/ (Fr.) 'Com- 
post, (Engl.) ' Compot/ may be referred to componere rather than 
to computare, but in use it was frequently made equivalent to computatio. 
A ' computus roll ' is the common expression for the annual account 
of a bursar or treasurer ; and as regards treatises bearing the name it 
is practically impossible in man/ instances to say, if you judge from 
the title or opening alone, and unless you have some technical 
acquaintance with ' such branches of learning,' whether you have 
before you the ariem iactandi computum (a mediaeval treatise on the 
precursor of single and double entry, or, as we should say now, 'com- 
mercial arithmetic, or even a common elementary arithmetic), or an 
instruction on 'the way to find Easter/ &c., and such other matters 
as were included with the ' compotus ecclesiasticus.' In point of fact 
a considerable number of MSS. combine instruction on both. 



136 COMPUTUS MANUALIS 

The curious form compotatio will be found below, p. 1 40, under the 
name Cyrillus Alexandrinus. See further, p. 151, below. 

A List of Books on the ' Computus.' 

The following list of books (in many cases of treatises still in MS.) 
may help future inquiry, and it will be seen that not only many of the 
items are now at Oxford, but the authors of a good many were bred in 
our English Universities '. I have arranged them in alphabetical order. 

ABBO Floriacensis (martyr, cir. 990). Praefatio commentarii in 
cyclum Victorii. ' Calculum Victorii, dum quondam . . . exordium. 
Amor sapientiae,' &c. Item in circulorum decennovenalibus B. Cyrilli 
et Dionysii Romani ac Bedae. ' Dionysius abbas genere Romanus . . . 
redeuntes.' Migne, Pair. Latin, cxxxix. 569, 572-8. Compotus 
vulgaris, qui dicitur Ephemerida Abbonis. St. John's Coll. Cam. 
MS. I. 15 7, pp. 281-347*, contains tables. 'Ardua conexe libat 
sacraria forme,' &c. ' Quoniam brevitatem semper comitatur obscu- 
ritas ... sic de ceteris intellige.' But his work de sphera in the same 
MS., pp. 300, 302, 338 speak of this writer as alive in 1086-92. 
Excerptio Abbonis ex Igino de figuratione signorum. ' Denique, ut 
dicit Plinius . . . salvator mundi evertit.' Trin. Coll. Cam. MS. 
R. 15. 32, if. 200-12. See also St. John's Coll. Oxon. MS. 17. 
'Annorum duo . . . Antequam de re . . .' Digby MS. 56, fo. i69 b . 
Bale mentions ' circuit annorum ' calculated by Abbo from the Birth 
of Christ to A. D. 1595. 

ADELARDUS. His ' compotus,' now Brit. Mus. MS. Cotton Calig. 
A. xv. part 2, was perhaps formerly MS. 287 at Ch. Ch., Canterbury. 

AEGIDIVS DE VALLECENIS. His Compotus, now Bodl. Ashmole 341 
(thirteenth century) was, as Dr. James tells us, MS. 1130 at St. 
Augustine's, Canterbury. 

ALBERICUS (? Casinensis, cir. A.D. 1057). De compoto lune, 
capp. xxxviii. St. John's Coll. Cam. MS. A. 22, 4. (There was 
a copy at Ch. Ch., Canterbury, MS. 91.) 

ALEXANDER : See ' Villa Dei.' 

ALGORISMUS COMPOTI. This is frequently contained in the same 
volume as ' de Sphera ' and ' de Compoto' See Christ Church, Canter- 
bury, MS. 1605 ; St. Augustine's, Canterbury, MS. 1117, ' Algorismus 

1 The account of the Oxford MSS. I owe almost entirely to Miss A. F. Parker ; 
of those in the British Museum to Miss Jessica Lewis ; and those at Cambridge 
to the catalogues drawn up by Dr. M. R. James, and, in an earlier generation, by 
M. Cowie, J. J. Smith, and the authorities of the University Library. 



LIST OF BOOKS ON THE < COMPUTUS ' 137 

metrice, et in eodem Compotus, liber Aniani,' &c. ; MS. 1129, ' Com- 
potus, et in eodem Algorismus ' ; MS. 1552 (Brit. Mus. Add. 26770) 
' Compotus I. de Garlandia ' with ' Algorismus, Spera,' &c. A treatise 
beginning ' Hec algorismus ars,' entitled 'Algorismus compoti (metri- 
ficatus)' was found in four MSS. at Dover Priory, 334 (4), 411 (7), 
420 (4), and 442 (4). See also St. Augustine's, Canterbury, MS. 
1456 (with Ovid, &c.). See list of Arts' subjects, p. 33. 

ANIANUS magister, saec. xv. See pp. 114-16. MS. Ashm. 357. 

'ARS KALENDARII.' ' Per veterum sagacitatem compositus fuit kalen- 
darius . . . recessit a nostro emisperio. Amen.' Trin. Coll. Cam. 
MS. O. 2. 5. ff. 43-50 (dr. 1400). See Camb. Univ. MS. Gg. iv. 29 
5, ff. 86a-88, which, however, ends 'Semper quindenis ponuntur 
signa kalendis.' 'Ars kalendarii glosata,' Dover Priory MS. 4256, 
began ' Ter quinos Domini.' Cf. Catalogue of St. Aug. Canluar., MS. 
No. 1563. Ars Compoti manualis. 'Ad habendum ciclum . . .' 
Digby, 190, fo. 69. 

BACON, Roger. His 'compotus' was in MS. 1167 at St. Augustine's, 
Canterbury; his 'Kalendar' a tabulis tholetanis, A. D. 1292, in MSS. 
1156, 1170 (now at Corpus Chr. Coll. Oxon., MS. 221, and Bodl. 464); 
and 'De Canone Hebreorum,' MS. No. 1142. 

BACON, Roger, Computus, ' Omnia tempus habent.' Bale, from 
J. Pullan. 

'BALDWINUS DE MARROCHIO' (native of the Netherlands). Tra- 
ctatus compoti manualis. ' Ad habendum in manu prompte in quo 
die mensis . . .' Camb. Univ. MS. li. iii. 3, 3. 

BEDA venerabilis, A. D. 673-735. 

De temporibus. ' Tempora momenti . . . Deo soli patet.' Migne, 
Pair. Lai. xc. 293-578. 

De temporum Ratione 'De natura rerum et ratione . . . custodial,' 
p. 295. ' Incipit liber. De compute vel loquela digitorum. De tem- 
porum ratione (Deo iuvante) dicturi . . . accipere palmam' (p. 578). 

' De ratione computi. Interrog. Unde dicta sunt tempora ? p. 599. 
De paschae celebratione. Rev. et S. fratri Wicthaedae presb. Beda. 
Libenter accepi litteras . . . tibi fessus.' 

BEDA (pseudo). De compute dialogus. 'Augustinus dixit de 
iiii. divisionibus scripturae . . . centena millia pervenit,' xc. 647-51. 
De ratione calculi. 'Unitas ilia . . .' p. 677. De loquela per gestum 
digitorum. ' Quoniam fortasse . . .', p. 685. De argumentist lunae, 
p. 701. Compotus vulgaris qui dicitur ephemeris, ' Quadratus/ p. 729. 
Anni distributio. 'Cisio lanus Epiphaniis,' &c., p. 786. ' Compotus 
in quaterno, et in eodem Beda de calculacione compoti.' St. Aug. 



138 COMPUTUS MANUALIS 

Cantuar. MS. No. 1128. ' Excerpcio de compote Bede,' together with 
Aldhelm 'Delaude virginum,' 'Cato,' c. ibid. MS. No. 1429. 

Bedae liber de compute lunae, St. John's Coll. Cam. MS. A. 22, 2. 
De ratione computi. ' Unde dicta sunt tempora . . .' De temporibus. 
See Cockayne's Leechdoms, iii. p. 231. Ratio computandi per digitos 
et utramque manum ex Bedae de Rat. Temp., JSasil. 1529, Part's, 
1565. De augmentis lunae. ' Augmentum est velox . . .' Ephemeris, 
sive computus vulgaris. ' Quadratus hie equilaterus . . .' De embolis- 
morum racione computus. ' lanuarius primus mensis . . .' Bale 
cites, as Bede's, a book de compute (then in the hands of J. Locke) 
' Annus Solaris vt maiorum prudentia,' de mensibus ac diebus, ' lanuarius 
mensium anni primus,' and de compute, ' Romulus/ 

Beda de divisione anni (16 lines). 'Bis sena mensum vertigine.' 
Trin. Coll. Camb. MS. O. 2. 24, saec. xii (Patr. Lat. xciv. 613). 
De Ratione tempp. et de compoto lunae, St. John's Coll. MSS. A. 22 ; 
I. 15 (2), p. 19. Incipiunt capitula (i). De compoto vel loquela 
digitorum. 'De temporum . . .' (72 chapters). Ep. ad Withedum. 
I- *5 (3), P- 22 4- Contra tabulam Dionysii et Bedae, et tabulae 
eorum, Gonv. Cai. MS. 141, 8. De temporibus, Salisbury Cathedral 
MS. 158, ff. 20-83, saec. x. (Cf. Catalogue of Ch. Ch. Canterbury 
MS. 957. Of St. Aug. Cant. 451 (7).) ' Manus Bedae.' Digby MSS. 
56, fo. 165^; 191. ' Hie est sapientia,' &c. 

BENEDICTUS, monachus. Libellus de compoto. Ch. Ch. Cant., 
MS. 98. 

BERNYS, or Barnes, scribe of Camb. Computus, Digby MS. 15. 
ff. i-io. 

BONASPES, Nic., of Troyes. See above, pp. 116-17. 

BRANDANUS, monachus. His ' Compotus ' was at Ch. Ch. Canter- 
bury, with a bestiary, &c. in MS. 1557. His ' notule super compotum 
et Kalendar/ at Dover Priory, MS. 285, with Gerlandus. 

BREDUN, Simon, canon of Chichester, cir. 1370. Bale mentions his 
expositio in computum ecclesiasticum Grostede, ' Licet modo,' formerly 
at New College. 

Computus anni cum expositione. ' Aureus in lano numerus claves- 
que novantur . . . (principalis litera tabularis) . . . et ab Adventu titulabis.' 
(For the comment ' Licet modo/ &c. see ' Villa Dei.') Camb. Univ. 
MS. Mm. iii. n (10), saec. xv. /Incipit compotus ecclesiasticus. 
Licet modo in fine temporum plures constat habere libros . . . Explicit 
compotus ecclesiasticus bene correctus secundum sentenciam Bredofi.' 
Bodl. MS. Digby 98, ff. 11-21. De equationibus planetarum, Tabule, 
1392. Peterhouse MS. 11-21, O. 7. 4. 



LIST OF BOOKS ON THE ' COMPUTUS J 139 

CAMPANUS, J. Novariensis. Compotus bonus. ' Rogavit me unus ex 
hiis . . . Istorum vigilias ieiunes, luceque Marci.' Magd. Coll. Cam. 
MS. Pepys 2329. (Given to Peterhouse by Roger Marchall in 1472, 
but lent to Dr. J. Dee, the astrologer, in 1556, and acquired by Pepys 
before 1697.) See also Bodl. Rawl. C. 117 (olim S. Aug. Cantuar. 
cod. 1140). Digby MS. 215, fo. 63^-96. 

' CANTABRIGIENSES TABULAE/ see ' Holbrook,' ' Marisco.' 
' COMPOTUS ECCLESIASTICUS.' ' Presentis operis triplex est materia, &c. 
Artis extrinsece noticiam . . . gracie divine attribuant ' (with figures and 
tables), Cam. Univ. MS. Kk. i. i, 18 (? saec. xiii). Cf. ' Bredun.' 

' On Kl. Ian. ofer. xvi. kP febr. loca hwaer thu haebbe x. nihta 
ealdne monam.' Brit. Mus. Cotton Calig. A. xv. fo. 126. Cockayne, 
Leechdoms and Star craft, iii. 226. 

COMPOTUS. 'Incipit compotus singulis mensibus . . .' Brit. Mus. 
MS. Cotton Julius, A. vi. ff. i-i7 b , saec. xi. 

Compoto, Tractatus de, with tables and diagrams. ' Quoniam causa 
finali nichil dignius . . . et erit sine fine. Amen/ Trin. Coll. Cam. 
MS. O. 2. 45, ff. 125-79, saec. xiii from Cerne Abbey. Part, now, 
of Brit. Mus. Egerton MS. 843, ff. 41. 

Summa de compoto eccL ' Antequam de re dicatur resciendum 
est qui sint auctores huius discipline . . . Isti autem anni lunares 
xix ies . s e alternatim comprehend! ciclum lunarem constituunt. Merito 
autem (ends abruptly], Bodl. MS., Digby 56 [B. N. 4], fo. 217. See 
' Abbo,' ' Garland.' MS. Digby 56, fo. 212. ' Annorum duo.' 

Compotus manualis. ' Compotus iste dividitur in .vi. partes . . . 
Sed isti duo ultimi versus docent quot dies habet quilibet mensis/ 
Trin. Coll. Cam. MS. O. 5. 4, ff. 285-7, sae c- xv - 

Compotus manualis. 'Filius esto Dei . . .' Brit. Mus. Egerton 
MS. 843, ff. 38 b -39 a , saec. xv. From Cerne, with gloss 'Compotus 
iste diuiditur in 6 partes, quarum prima docet invenire literam 
dominicalem . . .' Formerly among the Gale MSS., Trin. Coll. Cam. 
See Dr. M. R. James's Catal. iii. p. 152, Trin. Coll. MS. O. i. 57, 
ff. 22-31, saec. xv. See also pp. 6, 135, above. Digby MS. 48. 

Compotus versificatus. Coll. Gonv. Cai. Cant. MS. 141, 7; 
Basel MSS. F. v. 2 ; F. v. 6 (Hanel.). Textus metricus compoti. 
Bodl. Digby, 48, 98 ; 228; Gonv. Cai. Coll. Cam. MS. 341. 

Among the books at St. Augustine's, Canterbury, MS. 1456 (2 fo. 
mcinitatem) contained along with Principium misteriorum librorum 
Ouidii, Barbarismus, Algorismus, Sphera., &c., a 'Compotus prosaice' 
and ' Compotus metrice cum kal<?</ar et tabulis.' 

Compotus manualis in usum Cantabrigien. See ' Bernys/ ' Marisco.' 



140 COMPUTUS MANUALIS 

Compotus manualis secundum usum Oxoniensium. See above, 
pp. 32, 108, no; also the text, given below, pp. 161-74. 

' Computus de vii. aslris,' and ' Computus de vii fratribus' (? arith- 
metical), Brit. Mus. Egerton MS. 82 (olim Trin. Coll. Cant. O. 7. 36). 

' COMPUTO PASCHALI' (de) libri duo. Anonymus saec. v (A.D. 455). 
(i.) 'Dum mens curiosa in re tam graviori . . . ostendatur.' (ii.) 'Alia 
quoque ratio ob vigesimam quintam . . . prefate virtutes.' Migne P. L. 
lix. 545-60; Steph. Baluz, Misc. i. 414-19. 

CONSTABULARIUS. Three copies of his 'Compotus' were in the 
library of Ch. Ch., Canterbury, MSS. 288-90. 

CONSTANTINENSIS : see ' Johannes.' 

CYPRIANUS. De pascha computus. 'Multo quidem non modico 
tempore . . . sine cessatione gratias agamus ' (Tabula.)/*. Lat. iv. 972. 

CYRILLUS ALEXANDRINUS. De Ratione Pasche. ' Sanctum Paschae 
mysterium . . . bissextus.' ' Si vis scire omni die datarium . . . con- 
venientes celebremus.' Contains : Kalendar, Letter of S. Cyril, &c. 
Verses : ' Quor fesso luna libescit . . . rectis arguens.' ' Annus solis 
continetur . . . Bisque trinis supramissis.' P. Lat. (inter Anon, 
saec. ix) cxxix. 1275-1372. Liber de Computo. Incipit prologus 
S. Cyrilli Alexandrini Episcopi De ratione Paschae. 'Incipit com- 
potatio Graecorum vel Latinorum, qualiter circulare debemus omnibus 
annis.' Printed, 1713, Brit. Mus. 6. 6. 4. 

DACITA, or DACIA, Petrus de, his 'tabula, dicta Philomela'; see 
below, 'Profacius.' His kalendar, dr. 1300. MS. Savil. 

DICI (?DIACONI), Petri, Tabula de loco lune inveniendo in quolibet die 
anni a media nocte sui incepto. Brit. Mus. MS. 12. C. xvii. fo. 8 b . 

DIONYSIUS [Exiguus] Abbas Romanus, A.D. 533. Contra tabula 
Dionysii et Bedae, Coll. Gonv. Cai. Cant. MS. 141, 8. Epistola de 
termino paschali. Item ad Bonifacium et Bonum secundicerium, de 
eodem. St. John's Coll. Cam. MS. I. 15, 4, 5. (fanO =finit.) 
Tabulae diversae cum expositionibus, ibid. 14. Cyclus paschalis. 
A.D. 527-623. Cf. 'Marianus.' 

GARLAND, Gerlandus, lo. de Garlandia. Writers of this name 
occur about 1040 and 1200 (canon of Besan9on) and our English 
writer who lived dr. 1180-1252. To this name is sometimes 
attributed the treatise 'Licet modo in fine temporum.' (See 'Villa 
Dei,' ' Bredon,' ' Massa compoti,' &c.) The following are perhaps to 
be attributed to the canon of Besan9on or to an earlier namesake. 

GARLANDI TABULAE. ' Tres tabule sequentes facilitant multum 
compotum manualem correcte. (i) Tabula principalis Gerlandi. (2) 
Contra tabula. (3) Tabula terminorum. (i) In four columns, shows 



LIST OF BOOKS ON THE < COMPUTUS ' 141 

concurrents, litteras bisextiles, litteras domim'cales, and annos Domini. 
(2) litt. Dom., litt. tabulates, Dies Septuagesime, Pasche, Rogationum, 
Pentecostes, &c. (as in modern Prayer Books). (3) Table for finding 
the moons : an ordinary kalendar usually follows : Bodl. MS. Digby, 
190, ff. 75 b -76 b (olim 8i b ); Brit. Mus. Sloane MS. 514, ff. io b -i7 b ; 
MS. Harl. 3814, ff. 77 b -86 b has, after principal table, 'Hec est doctrina 
tabule precedentis, que est tabula principalis Gerlandi. Secunda tabula 
principalis gerlandi dicitur, cuius longitude per 29. distinctiones pro- 
tenditur/ &c. Cf. MSS. Camb. Univ. li. i. 15 7 ; li. iii. 3 2, 
where the preface to a kalendar (cent. ? xiii) begins, ' Composicio ii. 
tabularum Garlandi . . .' perhaps edited by J. de Sacrobosco. 

' Incipit compotus domini Gerlandi, Bedam imitantis. ' Sepe 
volumina domini Bede, &c., de scientia computandi replicans . . . 
hie littera signante natalis ascensionis diem et horam in primo 
ordines.' 'Quare concurrentes/ &c. Table of cycles, moons, &c. 
Brit. Mus. MS. Cotton Vesp. A. ix. ff. 33-70. St. John's Coll. 
Cam. MS. I. 15, 10, pp. 353-94. 'Garlandi tabula cum canone/ 
' Sepe volumina' (27 chapters), including ' Superioris pagine ratio . . . 
per digitos et articulos computantibus,' and 'Liber Garlandi,' ibid. 
pp. 363-94, and Tabula Dionysii de termino paschali, c. 25, p. 387. 
See Bodl. MSS. Ashmol. 341 ; Laud, K. 61, f. 14. ' Incipit compotus 
mag. Gerlandi Bedam imitantis, &c. Sepe volumina, &c. Super 
i. librum Compoti Gerlandi. In Compoto Gerlandi unde agatur, &c. ; 
Incipit summa de compoto, &c. . . . idus Septembris. Summa de 
compoto ecclesiastico. Antequam de re dicatur,' &c. Bodl. MS. 
Digby 56 [B. N. 4], ff. 170-217. Kalendar, followed by Ars 
componens ('componnes') 1 principalis tabule Gerlandi. Ad com- 
positionem principalis tabule Gerlandi. 2. cicli Solaris scilicet et 19!. 
sunt necessarii. (Diagram of a hand on fo. 13.) Tabula Gerlandi 
principalis. Tabula ad sciendum in quo signo sit luna. Brit. Mus. 
MS. Harl. 3735, ff. 6 b -i5 b . 'Tabula principalis Gerlandi com- 
positionem ciclos solares et 1 9 *' et litteras tabulares . . . et sic per 
omnia compones, ordinabis, compositamque verificabis tabulam Ger- 
landi principalem.' MS. Harl. 3647. Tabula principalis Gerlandi, 
complectens in se multa ecclesie vtilia.' Brit. Mus. MS. 12. C. xvii. 
7 b , 8 preceded by a Kalendar. See also C. C. Coll. Cant., Parker 
MS. 347. 'Compotus J. de Garlandia,' with Algorismus, Sp^era, &c. 
Brit. Mus. Add. 26770, was MS. 1552 at St. Augustine, Canterbury. 
' Compotus Gerlandi ' was also at Ch. Ch., Canterbury, MS. 285. 

1 Perhaps ' Compones ' was the title intended, as borrowed from the sentence 
* Et sic per omnia compones, ordinabis,' &c. 



I 4 2 COMPUTUS MANUALIS 

GERALDI Compotus was at Canterbury Coll. Oxon. in 1524. No. 
251 (die/to probatoria '-simi anni '), 

GERLANDUS, see 'Garland.' 

GROSSETESTE, Ro. LINCOLNIENSIS episcopus, A. D. 1175-1253. Com- 
potus Ro. episcopi Lincoln. Gonv. Cai. MS. 141(6) with others: 
Ro. Lincoln, computus ecclesiasticus cum tabulis et kalendario, 
St. John's Coll. Cam. MS. F. 25. (i) ; ' Qui bene presunt presbyteri . . .' 
Corpus Christi Coll. Cam., Parker MS. 439, saec. xiv. De arte com- 
puti per Rob. Grostest. ' Compotus est scientia numerationis et . . . 
Petrus et Andreas, Paulus, cum Symone ludas, ut ieiunemus nos 
admonet atque Matheus 1 ,' with perpetual table of movable feasts, 
Cam. Univ. MS. Kk. i. i, 15, ff. 187-200. Followed in C. U. L. 
at 18 by 'Compotus (see Digby MSS. 17, 27, 28, 191, 288, 291 : 
Univ. Coll. C. 12; Laud K. 61. 19, &c. in Tanner) ecclesiasticus: 
Presentis operis triplex est materia, &c. Artis extrinsece notitiam . . . 
gratie divine attribuantur,' with figures and tables, ff. 231^-248*. 
Kalendarius. 'Ad notitiam istius kalendarii . . .' Camb. Univ. MS. 
li. i. 17, i, saec. xiv. ineunt. ff. 1-7. A concise kalendar by 
Grosseteste. ' Grates Roberte tibi dentur episcope certe.' Camb. 
Univ. MS. li. i. 15, 8, f. 44^; olim S. Aug. Cant. Dist. xiii. Grad. 4. 
(His theorica planetarum, see Camb. Univ. Lib. Catal. iii. 347, 404, 550.) 
See also Lincoln Chapter MSS. A. 7. 7; A. 7. 9; cf. A. 6. 12. 

HEBRAEORUM COMPOTUS et CANONES. A MS. at St. Augustine's, 
Canterbury, cod. 1142 (2 d fo.faa'f) contained along with Alfraganus 
de aggregacionibus , Roger Bacon de commendacione malhematice, &c. 
Lincolniensis (Grosseteste) de irtde, &c. ' Compotus hebreorum,' 
' Canones astronomic eorundem,' and Roger Bacon's treatise thereon, 
with ' fundamenta compoti hebreorum.' 

The Catalogue of Dover Priory (MS. 1 24, now at Glasgow, Hunterian 
Museum, V. 6. 17, twelfth century) supplies the incipit of several 
treatises: 'Compotus ecclesiasticus: Testante S. Augustine; Ars 
calculatoria ; Annus Solaris; Algorismus doctrinalis: Omnia que a 
prtmeua; Tractatus de mundo et astronomia: Mundus dicitur qui 
undique ; Kalendarium gallicum Ruthmic ' : Vn geste ne voyle." (See 
' Lynham.') 

'In compotum ecclesiasticum Ro. Lincoln, li, i. Bodl. Digby, 104. 
28. ' Kalendar' R. Grostede Lincoln. Episcopi, et in eodem compotus 
manualis, Sp^era Lincoln (&c.). Compotus J. de Sacrobosco, Com- 
potus Lincoln (&c.), are among the contents of St. Augustine's, 

1 See below, p. 173; Anian, lines 232-3. 



LIST OF BOOKS ON THE 'COMPUTUS' 143 

Canterbury, MS. 1132, with which Dr. James compares Brit. Mus. 
Royal MS. 12 C. xvii. See also MS. 1153. 

HERMANNI Computus manualis. Basel MS. F. iii. 25 (Haenel.). 

HILPERICUS, or Hilperycus, Abbas S. Gallen. dr. A.D. 978 (St. John's 
I. 15, p. 263) al. 880. Expositio compoti. ('Domino patri SS. 
nomine Aspro,' &c.) ' Cum [quibusdam] fratribus nostris adole- 
scentulis . . . Annus Solaris, ut maiorum . . . facilius assequuntur.' 
Migne, Pair. Lai. cxxxvii. 17-48. Trin. Coll. Cam. MS. R. 15. 32, 
ff. 166-99, early xi tb cent.; St. John's Coll. Cam. (39 chapters) MS. 
I- J 5> 6, pp. (239) 245-80 (with an additional note on date of 
Advent Sunday). (There are many books called 'compotus' among the 
MSS. of St. Gall.), B. Fez, Anecd. ii, part 2. Helperici tr. de computo, 
A.D. 1068 (short recension), Salisbury Cathedral MS. 158, ff. 1-8. 

At St. Augustine's, Canterbury, MS. 1157 was 'Compotus Helperici 
doctissimi et figuraciones signorum Abbonis,' with which title Dr. James 
bids us compare St. John's Coll. Oxon. MS. 17. At St. Augustine's, 
MS. 1311 contained ' Hilpericus de compoto lune' 2 d fo. clauis i. 

HOLBROOK, J., rector of Repps, Norfolk, Master of Peterhouse, 
Camb. 1418-31 ; d. 1437. Tabulae Cantabrigienses, A. D. 1404-2900, 
al. 1400-1600. 'Quoniam celestium motuum calculus . . .' His 
preface, Bodl. MS. 300, olim NE. F. 10. n ; but his 'tabule i. et ii., 
item minutarum proporcionabilium,' with those of J. de Livroys, and 
Reade or Redde, have long been missing from the volume. The 
longitude of Cambridge is given: t^gr. \$min. ; latitude, 52^-. 19 m. 
Longitudo Toleti, ii g. Altitude capitis Arietis, &c., fo. 132^. 
There is, however, a complete set of Holbrook's Tables at Peterhouse, 
MS. 267 (2. 7. o.), measuring 15! xiof in. The difference for the 
Oxford Meridian from Cambridge is given as three minutes. See 
also Camb. Univ. MSS. Catal. ii. p. 1 1 7. Bale mentions that there was 
once a MS. of Holbrook at Clare Hall, Cambr., wherein the first book 
was ' Quoniam celestium,' and the second, ' Gloriosus atque sublimis.' 

INFANS : See ' Yonge.' 

ISIDORE (?), A.D. 600-36. Regule quedam de compoto. 'Divide 
per .xv. annos ab incarnatione . . . ' Andree festo vicinior ordine quovis, 
Adventum Domini prima colit feria.' Trin. Coll. Cam. MS. B. i. 30, 
5, dr. 1 200. Cf. Direct. Sacerd., ii. 614 (ex compoto manuali) 1 . 

IACOBUS MARSUS: See above, p. 116, note 4. 

JOHANNES CONSTANTINENSIS, A.D. 1137. Epist. ad Gaulfridum 
abbatem, Ric. priorem et monachos Savigniensis monasterii, sive in 
librum de compoto ecclesiastico prologus. ' Reverendissimo domino, 
1 Cf. the variant in Anian, Ii. 217, p. 172 below, and the note there. 



i 4 4 COMPUTUS MANUALIS 

&c. Gratias et laudes . . . exaudire dignetur.' Migne, P. Lot. clxiii. 
cols. 1479-52. 

IOHANNES NOVIOMAGUS. ' Scripsit Beda annorum, &c. . . . consulito.' 
Migne, Pair. Latin, cxxxix. 577-8. 

' KALENDARIO ' (Tractatus de), A. D. 778. ' Concurrentes sunt qui 
regulares . . . presenti indiccione secunda.' Camb. Univ. MS. 
Kk. v. 32, 2, dr. A. D. noo. 

KALENDARIUM : Ars Kalendarii. ' Per veterum sagacitatem . . .' 
Camb. Univ. MS. Gg. 4. 29(3). Trin. Coll. Camb. MSS. R. 7. 23 ; 
fo. 231-95; O. 2. 5. 

KYLLYNGWORTH, John, fellow of Merton. Canones tabularum. 
' Multum conferre dinoscitur,' formerly at Merton Coll. (Bale). 

LAMBERTUS, Matthaeus. See Baluz, Miscellan. i. pp. xxv-vi. 

LEYCESTER, Robert. De racione temporum. ' Ad planiorem pre- 
script! ' (plim Merton). De compute Hebraeorum, ' Prima earum est 
a creacione mundi.' De compute Latinorum, ad Ric. [Swinfield, cir. 
1283-1317] Herfordensem episcopum. ' Opens , iniuncti nouitatem' 
(plim Merton). Digby MS. 212. 

LOEFFLER DE RniNFELDEN, Alb. Computus chirometralis, A. D. 1437. 
Basel MS. F. viii. 16 (Haenel). 

LUNA, DE : Verses on the moon, &c., A. D. 1421. St. John's Coll. 
Cam. MS. L. 10, 12 vellum. 'Post Martis nonas . . .' Trin. Coll. 
Camb. MS. O. i. 59. 

LYDGATE, John, cir. 1420-50, wrote a kalendar in verse. 

LYNHAM, Rad. de, A. D. 1256. Art de Kalendre (en Romance). 
'De geste ne uoil pas chaunter . . .' Camb. Univ. MS. Gg. i. i, 
3, saec. xiv. Art de Kalendre, par Rauf (1256 A. D.). Bodl. J. b. 2. 
Th. (Longb. MS. 5. 439). Wharton, Hist. Poetry, i. 74 n. Dover 
Priory MS. 124. 

LYVERS, lo. de. Tabula, A.D. 1321. Camb. Univ. MS. Gg. vi. 3. 

MARIANUS SCOTUS, Chronicler, 1028-90. (De universal! compute.) 
Compotus Mariani. ' lani prima dies . . . Nonae. Regulares. Con- 
currentes. Magnus cyclus paschalis . . . Menses dicuntur a mensura 
. . . (ending with Greek numerals). Trin. Coll. Cam. MS. O. 7. 41 
(from Colchester Abbey), ff. i b -22 b (f. 23, Tables offesfa mobilia, 
A. D. 1086) ; 24-37, eleventh cent. Bodl. MS. NE. F. x. 6. ? Corpus, 
Oxon. 157, li. ii. 

' MASSA COMPOTI.' This title is generally given to the tract ' Licet 
modo in fine temporis,' ascribed usually to Alexander de Villa Dei, 
and occasionally to Bredun, or Gerlandia. ' Licet, modo . . . Massa 
compoti.' Bodl. Digby, 104; ibid. 28. Cf. Egerton MS. 824. In 



LIST OF BOOKS ON THE ' COMPUTUS ' 145 

the catalogue of Dover Priory the three MSS. 395(4), 411(6), 442(2), 
beginning 'Licet modo in fine' are variously described as ' Massa com- 
poti,' ' compotus vel Ars calculatoria' and ' Compotus ecclesiasticus 
glosatus! Cf. MS. 425(2), ' Ars kalendarii glosatus! Cf. ' Bernys.' 

MARISCO (Marsh), I. de, Schoolmaster, St. Faith's, Norfolk. Com- 
potus manualis. ' Compotus iste dividitur in quinque partes, quarum 
prima docet invenire festa immobilia . . . ordine retrograde, et cetera. 
[Ejxplicit compotus manualis, secundum Vsum Cantabregie, quod 
[i.e. quoth] Johannes de Marisco.' Bodl. MS. Digby 81, ff. 8-io b . 
(Perhaps he was only the scribe : Tanner.) Cf. ' Bernys.' 

MAUDUYT, John (' Manduith ' Bale). Wrote astronomical tables, 
at Oxford, in 1310. 

NIGRELLIUS, magister. De computo. Pez, I. i. p. xxvi. 

OXONIENSES TABULAE. See above, p. 143, under ' Holbrook.' Cf. 
'Reade,' ' Somur.' Tabule Almanack pro civitate Oxon, cuius longitudo 
est xv. graduum, Camb. Univ. MS., li. i. 27, ff. 18^-39*. 

PROFACIUS IUDAEUS, fl. cir. A.D. 1260, Oxoniae. Tabula aenea, 
MS. Bodl. NE., C. 3, 4. Bodl. MS. Coll. Univ., C. 12. Almanach. 
' Cum volueris scire . . .' ibid. ; cum tabulis motuum solis, lune, et 
planetarum, inter quas ciclus primationum per Ro. Grostest ep. 
Lincoln, tabula dicta Philomela, per Petrum de Dacita, et tabula 
quaedam Gerlandi includuntur. C. C. Coll. Cant. MS. Parker, 347, 
saec. xiv. ; Coll. Gonv. Cai. MS. 141, 15. Almanach [planetarum] 
Profacii ludei (cum canonibus). Bodl. 464 (fourteenth century) was 
formerly MS. 1156 (as Bodl. Rawl. C. 117, was MS. 1140), at 
St. Augustine's, Canterbury. 

RABANUS MAURUS, A.D. 788-856. Abbas Fuldensis, Moguntinus 
archiep. : Prologus. ' Dilecto fratri Marchario monacho, &c. Legimus 
scriptum in proverbiis, Melior est sapientia, &c. Quia te, venerande 
preceptor sepius audivi de numeris . . . (several chapters occur 
relating to months, epacts, &c.) . . . eternitate semper qui manet 
perenni trinus, &c., benedictus in secula. Amen.' Migne, Pair. Lat. 
cvii. 669-728. 

READE, W. Fellow of Exeter Coll. Oxon., and of Merton, bp. 
of Chichester, 1369-85. Almanack, sive Tabula solis pro iiij. annis, 
sc. 1341-44, autograph, Bodl. MS. Digby, 176. 'Ad faciendum 
vnum Almenak per Tabulas Rede episcopi Cisestrensis, i. quere 
medium motum illius planeti pro quo verum locum vis invenire . . . 
Et semper intellige istam regulam in planetis quando sunt retrogradi, 
&c. . . . nota quod media opposicio distat a commutacione secundum 

tabulas Alfoncij ' MS. Digby, 72, ff. 6-7. Tabule Oxonienses. 

L 



146 COMPUTUS MANUALIS 

Tabule radicum mediorum motuum omnium planetarum super 
meridiem Oxon. A. D. 1340. Brit. Mus., Sloane, 407. Canon super 
Almanak, editum a 1348, pro civitate Oxon., cuius longitudo est xv. 
graduum. ' Vera loca omnium planetarum . . . alicubi inveniantur.' 
Camb. Univ. MS., li. i. 27, ff. 7 l >-io-i5 a , A. D. 1424; ff. I7 b -i8 b , 
Canon, 1348. Bale mentions that Mr. Recorde (of All Souls) had 
a work by Rede, Tables and Canons, ' Volentibus prognosticari.' 

RICARDUS PR^MONSTRATENSIS, abbas. De Compute ecclesiastico. 
' Manifestiores sunt effectus solis.' Bale mentions a MS. 'ex domo 
T. Byckle, Oxon/ Tanner mentions one at Univ. Coll., c. 16. 

ROSENHEIM, Pet. de. Bern. Fez. dissert, ad Anecd. torn. ii. 25. 

SACROBOSCO (Halifax, or Holy wood), J. de, cir. A. D. 1256. Com- 
putus, seu de anni racione; Item, De tabula Gerlandi principali, 
Lincoln Minster MS. B. i. 8; Camb. Univ. MSS., Ii. i. 13, 5; 
Ii. i. 15, 6, ff. 25 b -38; Ii. i. 17, 3, ff. i5 b -39 b ; Ii. iii. 3, 6. 
Gg. iv. 29, 4, ff. 74-86 a (saec. xiv) has at end two lines, 'Laus 
Saluatoris ... set ante canenda.' ' Compotus est sciencia . . . hinc 
fructificamus. Amen.' In verse, with gloss. Trin. Coll. Cam. MSS., 
O. 3. 44 (now Brit. Mus. Egerton MS. 844), saec. xiv. ff. 23^-48 ; 
also ?MS. O. 3. -49, now Brit. Mus. Egerton MS. 831. (See also 
MS. R. 2. 86, ff. 2o a , 32, anon, kalendar rules accompanying the 
Algorismus of 'J. de Sacrobosco de Cathelonia.') His Computus 
Ecclesiasticus has been printed at Paris about 1538, &c. It begins 
with Definitio spherae. See Catalogue of St. Aug., Canterbury, 
MSS. 1132, 1147 (^Compotus est sciencia' was printed in 1547). 
He wrote De Sphera, as well as Algorismus, and Computus, cum 
tabula. Sloane MSS. 286 ; 1221. 

SOMUR, or Somers, Io., frater Ord. Minorum. Tabulae kalendariae, 
ad meridiem Univ. Oxon., ex precepto R. P. fr. T. Kyngisburi, ministri 
Anglic, A.D. 1380. (In a psalter) St. John's Coll. Cam. MS. K. 26 ; 
Trin. Coll. Oxon. MS. . . . ; 'Ad honorem Dei et Virginis . . . et 
episcopi Ludovici. In hoc opuscule iii. Calendarii, &c.' MS. Bodl. 
James, viii. 337 ; Seld. supra 90 ; Digby, 5 ; Brit. Mus. Cotton Domit. 
A. ii. i ; Vespas. E. vii. Kalendarium ad meridiem Univ. Oxon., 
A.D. 1387. 'Istud calendarium subsequens mil/ &c. Bodl. MS. 
Laud, B. 27, cf. B. 23. Tanner speaks of having seen his works 
at Peterhouse. Perhaps this was the 'liber almanack' bound with 
Euclid's Geometry, massa compoti, and other tracts in no. 201 of the 
Old Catalogue of 1418, but lost long ago. However, Leland saw 
in the sixteenth century a ' copia de quantitate, autore fratre Somor,' 
so perhaps it was a separate volume. Besides the ' Tertium Calen- 



LIST OF BOOKS ON THE ' COMPUTUS ' 147 

darij ' Bale mentions Somer's Calendarij castigationes, ' Corruptio 
calendarij horribilis est.' , 

STAPULTON, Rob. Scribe of ' Computus manualis ad cognoscendum 
dies festos, &c., per digitos.' Digby MS. 29, If. 9. 

THOMAS, Beatus. Computus novus totius fere astronomic funda- 
mentum pulcerrimum continens. Opusculum B. Thome ad fratrem 
Reynaldum de iudiciis astrorum. (With copious MS. notes by 
Jac. Tanner.) Brit. Mus. 11408, f. 5 (16); 40 Leipzig, 1504, 
12 leaves. Another ed., Brit. Mus. 11405, c. 18; 40 Vienne 
Pannonie, 1512. In edibus Hieron. Victoris et lo. Singrenii. 

THOMAS de Novo Mercatu. See p. 151. 

TRIVETH, Nicholas (cir. 1258-1328), son of Sir T. Trivet, taught 
at Oxford. Bale mentions his work De compoto Hebraeorum, ' Ex- 
pleta expositione leuitici.' Merton Coll., MS. 188. 

VALLECENIS, Giles de, see ' Aegidius.' 

VILLA DEI, Alexander Callus de, author of ' Compotus magnus.' 
(See preface to Aniani ' Compotus manualis parvus.') Massa compoti, 
or Compotus ecclesiasticus. ' Licet modo in fine temporum plures 
constat habere (libros) codices (radices) qui de arte calculatoria posse 
sufficere videantur delicatis tamen lectoribus prosayca studentibus 
(fastidientibus) parumper volui metrice ludere (dicere, scribere) ut (et) 
sic libeat clericus discere quod ipsi nesciunt aut (et) sepe audiunt dici 
a laicis quod pudet me dicere,' &c. This treatise has apparently been 
revised by Bredon at Cambridge, and it has also been attributed to 
Garland. There are many variants in the MSS. of the opening just 
cited. They differ also in their conclusion. Bodl. MS. Digby, 98, 
ff. 1 1-2 1 ends: '. . . computanda pro littera ('festum cadit in 
4 th feria . . . debemus ieiunare' struck out). Explicit compotus ecclesia- 
sticus bene correctus secundum sentenciam Bredon'; Coll. Gonv. 
Cai. MS 341, 12; Bodl. MS. Digby, 28, ff. 1-8 (massa compoti) 
ends ' . . . Hiis simul inclusis fit cella tricesima prima ' ; MS. 
Digby, 104, ff. 61-8 ends ' . . . et diuidat per 19, et r' p'da b "; 
MS. Digby, 228, ff. 3^-7 ends '. . . Et noctes equant Aries et libra 
diebus'; Trin. Coll. Cam. MS. O. 2. 5, 6, ff. 25-42 (Massa 
compoti) ends ' . . . Mobilis ibo cyphos a te liberque quo euus ' 
(L. coeuos, see pp. 171, 186), 'Expl. liber massa compoti' (cf. MS. 
Digby, 22 f. 25. Ashmole, 361, &c., M. R. James); Brit. Mus. 
(since 1838) MS. Egerton 824, ff. 25 (perhaps dim Trin. Coll. Cam. 
MS., O. 7. 17), with tables of eclipses from 1403-62 ; Trin. Coll. MS., 
O. i. 31, ff. 23-45^ ends . . . 'racione fuit confirmatum et cetera. 
Explicit computus ecclesiasticus, quod J. B. Amen. Ihesus, Maria, 

L 2 



148 COMPUTUS MANUALIS 

Johannes, Thomas, Nicholaus, &c., adiuuent me. Anno domini 
1419,' &c. There are fourteenth-century copies of the 'Algorismus' of 
Alex, de Villa Dei in Cambr. Univ. MSS. li. i. 13-15. 

WICPERTUS. See B. Fez, dissertatio isagogica ad Anecd. torn. ii. 

WIERAMMUS. See Fez. u. s. p. xxvi. 

YONGE (alias 'Infans') Mr. Roger. Praefatio in computum, cir. 
A. D. ii 76. ' Cum non sit humane beneuolentie rem pluribus . . . 
Generalis materia artis . . . grade divine attribuantur.' Bodl. MS. 
Digby, 40, ff. 2i~5o bl . 

1 For a few other MSS. relating to the Computus, see Additional Notes. 



INTRODUCTION TO 'COMPOTUS 

MANUALIS AD VSUM OXONIENSIUM,' 

1519-20 



AflONG the contents of the Kalender of the Shepeherdes, drawn out 
of French into English, and printed at London by Ri. Pynson 
in 1506, is a section entitled 

'C The table of the mouable festis with the compounde Manuell,' or 
a rule ' to knowe the holy dayes after the compounde manuwell by youre 
Joyntes V 

Pynson says he translated the book ' for by cause he sawe that men 
of other countres intermedellyd with that that they cowde no skyll 
in ' : in other words, there had been a previous attempt made at Paris 
to put the book into 'English, as she is spoke.' Pynson generally 
describes the main portions of the work as 'the compot (or 'compote') 
and the kalender V The ' Kalender (with the Fygures of euery Saynt 
that is halowed in the yere, in the whiche is the signes, the houres, the 
momentes, and the newe Mones)' compiled for the years 1497-1516. 
Also the ' table of the mouable festis with the compounde Manuell.' 
'This present book is named the Compot (he says), for it com- 
prehends fully all the compot and more for the days, hours, and 
moments, and the new moons and [ejclipses of the sun and the moon, 
and of the signs that the moon is in every day. And this book was 
made for them that be no clerks, to bring them to great under- 
standing V 

For 'clarkes,' or scholars, there was the Computus manualis in Latin. 
Of this three recensions are known to me 4 , the second of them being 
the Compotus manualis in usum Oxoniensium. 

1 The Kalendar of Shepherds, H. Oskar Sommer, 4, 1892 ; iii. 8, 15. 

2 Ibid. iii. 14, 43, 121 ; ' le Compost et kalendrier' in the original French, ibid. 
i. 14 (1493). 

* Ibid. p. 12. 

* I do not count the Paris book of 1498, ' cum commentoj noticed by Panzer and 
others as containing a different recension, for I have not seen it. 



150 COMPUTUS MANUALIS OXON. 

The other portions of the Kalendar of Shepherds are occupied with 
the Tree of Vices and Pains of Hell, the Tree of Virtue and way of 
Health, Governance of Health, and the High Astronomy of Shepherds. 

COMPOTUS MANUALIS 
AD VSUM OXONIENSIUM. 

Printed by Charles Kyrfoth, 
St. John Baptist-street, Oxford, 5 Feb. 1519-20. 

Among books sold by John Dome, the Dutch bookseller in Oxford, 
were two copies of Compu/us manualis Oxont'e on Feb. 28 and 
March 5, 1520, the former for one penny, the latter for '.3 j/ meaning 
3^f. On May 10, 1520, he sold a copy of Computes Oxom'e manual's 
for id. Mr. Madan, in editing Dome's Day-book, mentions that the 
book, sold in 1520, and at that time fresh from the press, is now 
represented by a single copy which is in the University Library at 
Cambridge 1 . This we reprint on pp. 159-75. 

In his no less valuable account of the Early Oxford Press (1895) 
Mr. Madan mentions this Cambridge copy of the 'Compotus ' of 1519 
(or, as we should now say, 1520) 2 . It consists of sixteen small quarto 
pages (or two sheets signed A and ) with a curious title-page and 
the large woodcut of the arms of Oxford University. There are also 
four diagrams of an open or closed hand with the joints lettered or 
inscribed, not (as Mr. Madan supposed) to teach arithmetical com- 
putation 8 generally, as we may say ' by rule of thumb,' but to help 
the reader to reel off his memoria technica respecting the almanac, 
after the manner of 

'.Thirty days hath September,' or 

'At Dover Dwells George 2?rown Esquire.' 

This use of the word computus or compotus for a kalendar, or, 
more strictly, for the computations in the tables included in the 
almanac, is of course both early and well known. Several treatises 
de Computo are printed, for instance, among the works of the Venerable 
Bede. See above, pp. 137-8. 

1 See Oxford Hist. Soc. Collectanea, i. (nos. 313, 460, 760), pp. 88, 94, 104, 
i5 2 -3- 

* Oxford Hist. Soc. Early Oxford Press, pp. 7, 265. 

3 According to Thompson Cooper's Biogr. Diet., the first book on arithmetic 
printed in England was Bp. Cuthbert Tunstal's De Arte Supputandi, Lond. 1523, 
4, Pynson. 



INTRODUCTION TO ' COMPOTUS ' 151 

Hand's Catalogi Manuscriptorum mentions at Basel ' Computus 
manualis Hermanni,' F. iii. 25, and 'Computus manualis metrice 
scriptus,' fol. F. v. 2. A metrical computes was written by John of 
Halifax (Sacrobosco) in 1244, and calculated down to 1256. Thomas 
of Newmarket (Novo mercatu) wrote a prose commentary upon it, 
a copy which is in the Bodleian, MS. Digby 81. It is akin to the 
work of which Pynson printed the text and comment, and Kyrfoth 
the text for Oxford use. But it is of Cambridge use 1 . 

The importance of a knowledge of the kalendar and Computus was 
pressed upon the clergy by the Council of Aachen (c. 70) in 789, and 
the capitula of Charles the Great (i. 68 ; vi. 226, &c.), as well as by 
Regino of Prum (tpis) in his visitation articles (no. 92), in which he 
requires that each priest of the diocese 

'Compostum minorem, id est, epactas, concurrentes, regulares, 
terminum paschalem, et reliquos, si est possible, sapiat' (ap. Du Cange). 

Bede, who was perhaps the most laborious of writers upon the com- 
putus and kalendar, in his book De remediis peccatorum (c. i) was 
said 2 to have bidden those who aspired to holy orders to prepare 
their tools, or weapons (arma sacerdotalid), viz. besides seven other 
books compotum cum (al. ' et ') cyclo. Jo. Januensis derives the word 
compotus and computus from computare ; but the French form compost 
and our compot, or compote, seem to be akin to ponere, rather than to 
putare. The French form compoust (in a document of 1477, 
Reg. 197, charto. reg. ch. 278) is noted by Du Cange. Doubtless, 
however, those who used the form computus connected it with computare, 
and this appears to be the etymology suggested in Murray's English 
Dictionary. We have seen the curious words componnes or compones 
(p. 141, .), and compotatio (p. 140). 

The book before us has four diagrams of a man's left hand, two of 
them showing the open palm, two of them exhibiting the knuckles 
of the closed hand. 

Our stationer's counter is strewn every autumn with large choice 
of convenient diaries and almanacs for the coming year, and it is 
difficult to us to realize the trouble which the vicar of our parish 
church five centuries ago had in turning his Pye (if he possessed 
such a volume), or in making a computation in the tables of his Portos 
to ascertain which line in the Breviary pica was applicable any day 
or year. The shepherd of Salisbury Plain, in the sixteenth century, 
carved out his ' dials quaintly, point by point,' and he had his kalendar 
literally by ' rule of thumb ' and his new moons ' at his fingers' ends.' 
1 See Additional Note. * See next page. 



152 COMPUTUS MANUALIS OXON. 

Apparently the learned clergy and the clerks of Oxenford were not 
above using their hands as a natural abacus. In the Leofric Missal 
there is an Anglo-Saxon kalendar, written in the southern province 
of this country, about the year 970, which contains what is called 
Imago manus humanae l . It is Manus Dei with the joints and parts 
so inscribed with nineteen dates from March 2 1 to April 1 8, i. e. the 
places of the golden numbers of Paschal Term. Upon the diagram 
is written also the motto, 

Dexter a nam Domini fulget cum floribus Paschae. 
At the present day we rarely use more than the tips of our fingers for 
counting, but in past generations when paper was scarce, or where 
winds blew high, it was found convenient to tell off threes upon the 
joints of the thumb of the left hand. To reckon the seven days of 
one week the forefinger was in request. Double it down upon the 
palm and work up from the nail; you get three days ('A. B. C. sunt 
extra,' says the ' compotus ') 2 ; open it out and you get the other four. 
G. at the tip (supra), ' F. E.' (on the middle joints) and D. the joint 
in the palm (' manet infra '). Take the other fingers in like manner 
and you get a month of twenty-eight days (the three joints in the 
thumb would give enough for thirty-one). Or the twenty-eight joints 
would come in useful for the twenty-eight years of a solar cycle. Again, 
by putting a double burden of letters upon the joints of the little finger 
in reckoning years, you reserve that fourth finger for the leap years, 
'once in four.' Lines 135-40 of the 'computus' show in like manner 
how the nineteen golden numbers of the lunar cycle may be stowed 
away within the hand. The twelve months (line 141) and the prime 
of the moon in each (line 146) were similarly calculated. 

In the Middle Ages St. Augustine himself was believed to have said 
that the Computus was one of the seven books which it was necessary 
for the priest to know. The passage (quoted by Durandus in his 
Rationale Divinorum, VIII. i. i) is cited in the Canon Law (Deere ti 
Prima Pars distinct, xxxviii. 5) as ex dictis Augustini. The passage 
is traceable to the so-called Penitential of Bede, De remediis peccatorum 
(Spelman, Condi, i. 281). It is not, however, found in Haddan and 
Stubbs's Concilia, iii. 326-34 in that document, but elsewhere; namely, in 
the later collection (ibid. iii. 417), often known as 'Egbert's Penitential.' 

The British Museum contains a manuscript Compotus Manualis, 
or at least the first part of one which is now imperfect at the end 
(Harl. 995, fo. 83-4). It was written about 1430-40. The part 

1 In Mr. Warren's edition, p. 43. Cf. Manus Bedae, p. 1 38. 
3 See p. 164, li. 79. 



INTRODUCTION TO ' COMPOTUS ' 153 

which is extant contains twenty-three lines of Latin memorial verse, 
out of which I recognize twelve lines in the printed Oxford Computus 
of 1519-20 now preserved at Cambridge, besides six other lines which 
have the same sense or purposes expressed in a different way. I have 
recently printed the Harleian fragment with explanatory notes by the 
late Mr. J. R. Lunn and myself, as Appendix iii to the Sarum Pye, 
or Directorium Sacerdotum, for the 'Henry Bradshaw Society/ 1901, 
II. pp. 608-10. (A correction for p. 609 of that volume will be found 
in the present work, p. 6, .) 

The few lines which I find in MS. Harl. 955, not in any way 
represented in Compoius Manualis ad usum Oxoniensium, are these : 

' C Pro diebus in anno. 

Ter centos t, ter vicenos, cum quinque diebus, 
Sex horas anno, non plus, scribas, tibi dico/ 

(i. e. The year contains 300, 3 score and 5 days, 6 hours, and no 
more, according to the Computus.) 

Three other lines will appear in our notes. Mr. Madan tells us that 
Panzer, after Maittaire, mentions a Paris edition of the Compotus 
manualis, printed in 1498 cum commento. A list of editions will be 
found at p. 113. 

In 1500, and 1504-5, the folio Sarum Missals printed at Paris by 
J. de Pr, as in 1523, and later years, the Sarum Manuale, or 'ritual ' 
of occasional offices, comprised a little treatise of this kind (similar to 
that which Kyrfoth had printed in usum Oxoniensium), as part of the 
kalendar for clergy and others following Sarum use. I have printed 
this from the editions of 1523 (folio), and 1554 (Kingston and Sutton's 
quarto), as Appendix iv to the Directorium Sacerdotum, with notes by 
J. R. Lunn, Prebendary W. A. Whitworth and myself, pp. 612-29 *. 

The Computus in the Sarum Missal and Manual opens with the 
same line as that of Oxford does 

' Compotus est talis proprie dictus manualis/ 

and contains a good many verses in common. It consists, however, 
of but ninety-three lines, while that in usum Oxoniensium has 257 
(besides its commendation to the reader). Some of the extra lines 
omitted in the Sarum books relate to the hands, which are not figured 
in the manual, nor in the Compotus manualis therein contained, not- 
withstanding its name and title. 

The Sarum Compotus contains twenty-six short sections 2 . Eleven of 

1 There are also in Kerver's Sarum Missal (8, Paris, 1 503) about three columns 
of ' Regule secundum parvum Compctum' 2 See Additional Note. 



154 COMPUTUS MANUALIS SARUM 

these are practically identical with portions of our Oxford book. These 
we will indicate by italics in the following table of contents for the 
Manuale : 

CONTENTA IN COMPOTO : MANUALE SARUM, A.D. 1523. 
Compotus est talis proprie dictus manualis (li. l). 

1. Pro litera dominicali. 

2. Pro annis Domini habendis (li. 37 ; 9). 

3. Pro bissexto. 

4. Pro concurrente (li. 46-7). 

5. Pro numero dierum cuiuslibet mensis (li. 62-6). 

6. De .vij.planetis (li. 67). 

7. Quot nonas, idus, et kalendas (li. 69-71). 

8. De .xij, signis (li. 75-7). 

9. De numero aureo (li. 129-31). 

10. Pro situatione \numerorum aureorum in kalendario\ (li. 153-4). 

11. Pro lunatione embolismali (li. 175-7). 

12. Pro clauibus [terminorum festorum mobilium]. 

13. Pro Aduentu (cf. li. 217-8). 

14. Pro indictionibus (li. 240-4). 

15. Pro diebus egris (li. 235-6). 

1 6. Pro solstitiis. 

17. Pro obseruatione ieiuniorum (li. 232-3 ; 230-1). 

18. Pro .iiij. temporibus (li. 229). 

19. Pro festis mobilibus inueniendis. 

20. Versus pro historiis fiendis. 

21. Regula sponsalium. 

22. De Aduentu, &c. 

23. Festa in quorum missa dicitur ' Credo.' 

24. Pro collectis finiendis. 

25. Pro exorcistis. 

26. De proprietatibus hostie. 

Thus, taking the first eighteen sections of the Sarum Computes, 
which consists, so far, of fifty lines, we recognize thirty-five lines which 
appear also in the Oxford book of 1519-20. 

As to the contents of our Oxford book the anonymous author tells 
us that it consists of four parts, which may be thus summarized : 
Part I. Of the Solar Cycle. 
Part II. Of the Lunar Cycle. 
Part III. Of Festivals. 
Part IV. Of different Seasons. 

A fuller table of contents will be found prefixed to this book, and to 
the document itself, pp. 157-8. 

The use of the joints (juncture) of the left hand in reckonings of 
the almanac is set forth in the Compot, (French) Compost, or Kahndar 



INTRODUCTION TO ' COMPOTUS ' 155 

of Shepeherdes drawn up in 1487-97 and printed in 1506 and later 
years. We may quote some lines of it from Dr. H. Oskar Sommer's 
reprint from Pynson's edition of 1506, London, Kegan Paul & Co., 
4to, 1892, iii. p. is 1 . 

' C Here be the four e secretys of this present Kalender. 

C Mobilis alta dies occurrans aureus octo 

Sex deno cum D non erit inferior. 
B. Veneris sancta sed quinque tred ambo Maria. 

Nee erit in toto dicens symilis octo. 

C Here after foloweth to knowe the holy dayes after the compounde 
manuwell by youre Joyntes. 

C Who so wyll knowe whan the holy dayes falleth, take hede of 
the vij letters A, b, c, d, e,f, g. The dayes of thewek ben by vij, one 
for Sonday and for the other dayes, vi. Put them in the Joyntes of 
the lefte hande, in foure fyngers 2 , teche theym we sholde with cure 
hande to be more sartayne, A, b, c. 

In the backe of the hande & g, aboue d, e,f, within the hande for 
to shewe what place every monthe shulde be. 

In the lytell seconde fynger, d, b, g, c, be in the medyll fyngers, 

and put in the leche 3 fyngere d,f. 

In the lytell fyngeres ende lenyuere aboue a of the lytell fynger 

Feueryere, and Marche, abouefy] * in the seconde fynger, togeder 

Aprell aboue g, and Maye aboue b, 

June aboue e. 

In the medyll fyngere Julij aboue g, 

August aboue[V] 4 

than cometh September, to the longe fynger aboue f, of the iii. 
fynger. 

Octobere aboue a, Nouember aboue d, and abouey December on 
the lytell, for to make shorte the xii. monthes. 



1 The Paris edition of 1503, which Dr. Sommer prints in facsimile in an earlier 
part of the volume, has many curious verbal variations, to which our readers may 
like to refer. We give one or two of them in the following notes. The rules in 
1503 are cast in the form of a rude verse with rhymes, but the English has been 
strangely disguised by the Parisian compositor. 

" ' The towm owt takyn ' (i.e. exclusive of the thumb), ed. Paris, 1503. 

* The leche fyngere : ' digitus medicus,' the ' fourth ' finger (reckoning the thumb, 
as the Book of Common Prayer wedding rubric does), the ring-finger, next the 
smallest. Pliny, Hist. Nat. xxx. 12. 34 (' put in the medycyn d.f* : ed. 1503). 

* So the Paris edition of 1503. 



156 COMPUTUS MANUALIS (PYNSON] 

C After Bran J , Pen, Cro, Lucy, the embrynge dayes is set for euery 
wan to fast. 

In these two lynes be as many sylables as be dayes in the Monthe, 
set them in as many loyntes on the lefte hande 2 . 

lanyuer. 

Ci-si-o. la-nus E-pi. Lu. Fe. la-nus et Ken. Fe. Mau. Mar. An. 
Pris-ca Fab. Ag. Vin-cen-ti Pau[-]lum a lul. Ag. que Ba-tild.' 
(And so on with the other months.) 

These lines for the festivals are approximately the same in the 
Kalender of the Shepherdes as in Kyrfoth's Oxford textbook, only the 
Oxford list is specially adapted for English use 4 . There is nothing 
here (1506) to help us interpret one or two doubtful syllables which 
we shall find in 1519-20. (See pp. 121-32, 166-8.) 

1 Brandones faces, or bordae (torches, or brands). The first week of Lent was 
so called from the custom of boys running about the streets with lighted torches. 
The Second Sunday in Lent was called 'Dominica post f ocas' or 'post ignes,' and 
the First Sunday was known in Germany as ' Der Funcken Tag.' (R. T. Hampson, 
Calendars of the Middle Ages, Lond. 8vo [1841], ii. 34-5.) 

2 ' Of the wrong hond' : ed. 1503. 
8 So the Paris edition of 1503. 

4 See Additional Note, on the Godstow English Register kalendar, which the 
Rev. Andrew Clark is editing for the Early English Text Society. 



GOMPOTUS MANUALIS 

ad usum 
Oxoniensium : 

THE text, printed at Oxford, February, 1519-20, is here reprinted 
from the unique copy, AB. 4. 69 (5), in the University Library at 
Cambridge. 

It has been collated with a very similar, larger (though imperfect), 
and unique copy of an edition printed by R. Pynson (bearing his 
autograph) about 1507, Almanack Ephemerides in the British Museum, 
C. 20. a. 33. The result of collation appears in our foot-notes to the 
ensuing pages. 

\Contenta in hoc opusculo : 

PROHEMIUM de Compute manuali . . . . . r 
PORTIO PRIMA, 

De Cycle Solari. 

Pro annis Domini habendis ..... lin. 8 

Pro bisexto 26 

Pro littera dominicali 31 

Pro concurrente 45 

Pro regularibus mensium solaribus . . . .58 

De .xij. mensibus anni 60 

Pro numero dierum cuiuslibet mensis . . . .62 

Nomina .vij. planetarum 67 

Quot nonas, idus, et kalendas 68 

Nomina .xij. signorum zodiac! 75 

De festis fixis pro litteris mensis dominicalibus . 7# 
De festis anni, et pro non legendo, sive non disputando, 

in academia (' Ci-ci-o la-mis'] 87 



158 COMPUTUS MANUALIS OXON. 

PORTIO SECUNDA, 

De Cyclo Lunari. 

De numero aureo . . . . . . . tin. 118 

De prima, et de etate lune 142 

Pro situacione numeri aurei in mense quolibet . . 154 

De cyclo lunari et epactis 159 

De anno embolismali 172 

Pro lunacione embolismali 176 

PORTIO TERTIA, 

De Festis. 

De festis mobilibus et epacta. .... tin. 182 

De festis mobilibus et clauibus 199 

De termino paschali et bisexto 204 

PORTIO QUARTA, 

De distinctione Temporum. 

De terminis ebdomadarum tin. 208 

Pro Aduentu 216 

De quarta anni parte 223 

Pro quattuor temporibus 228 

Pro obseruacione ieiuniorum .231 

Pro diebus egris, siue egiptiacis 235 

[Pro horis malis egypciorum] 239 

Pro indiccionibus 241 

Pro littera tabular! .246 

Carmina in commendacione istius operis . . . 259 
(Imprint: lineis 263-8) 
explicit^ 



COMPOTUS MANUALIS 

ad vsuin 
Oxoniensium 



[ Woodcut of a 
Teacher lecturing. 
See ourfrontis- 
piece.~\ 



C. Kyrfoth: 

Oxon. 
1519-20. 



* C COMPOTVS MANVALIS. [*F O .A.J>>. 

Ompotus l est talis proprie dictus manualis 
Leua manus totum nobis facit hunc fore notum. 

2 Quattuor in partes opus hoc distinguere debes 

Dat ciclum prima solis : luneque secunda. 

Tercia dat festa : distinguit tempera quarta. 5 

Ciclus Solaris septem quater occupat annos 
Ac in iuncturis totidem poni decet illos. 

C PORTIO PRIMA 3 . 

[Pro ##w Domini habendi$^\ 

Hie imponatur iuncturis postea versus 
* .Filius 3 , esto, <afei, celum, fonus, recipe, grates.' 
'Films' F. signans, annum primum manifestat. 10 

Solis, indicis hanc radix tenet, ' esto ' dat E ; quam 
Vult medii radix : alia radice dieque. 
Et sic de reliquis fades, velut ordo requirit. 

1 The 4-line initial C consists of a grotesque head with open mouth, such as (if 
I recollect rightly) appears in some of Wynken de Worde's printing. 

3 Pynson (1507) prints his metrical contents at the end (p. 36 b ) of his volume, 
thus : (after the ' Breue compendium '). 

1 Diuisio libri. 

Quattuor in libra partes [te] non latet esse : 
Quarum prima notat quis solis circulus extat. 
Altera demonstrat quo ciclo luna mouetur. 
Tercia festa docet, que continue variantur. 
Qnartaque temporibus partitur quattuor annum. 

Diffinitio cicli Solaris. 
Est spacium ciclus Solaris quo peragrando 
Celum signiferum complet septem quater annos 
Sol etf ad idem punctum cursum petit vnde recessit. 
Hos annos domini clare tibi littera monstrat 
Qnos in iuncturis debes mutare sinistre.' 

3 The italic letters and headings, which are introduced to help the reader, are not 
(it is hardly necessary to state) so distinguished in the original of 1519-20, where 
*only one fount of type was available. 

M 



162 COMPOTUS MANVALIS 

Primo ponuntur radices: inde sequuntur 

Juncture medie: postea sunt relique. 15 

Versu finite- tu sumas hunc iteratum, 
Dum radix tacta minimi sit, que manet extra 
Solaque iuncturam deposcit dictio solam 
Omni Juncture : minimi sit dictio bina. 
Propter bisextum minimus digitus notat ilium. 20 

' Fructus, fllit, canos, et, ^allica, fellica, Pianos : 

et, ^enitrix, ona, dat, finis, mara, ^adit. 
Z>ant, /lores, <znni, color, ems, ^audia, dusti, 
Cam-frit : e-dens : gn-fo : fo-tfbell 1 : di-cens :flu-et : r-^os 2 :' 
Quattuor in digitis ponas velut ordo requirit. 25 

* fo. A. ij.] * [Woodcut: Manus sinistra, pro parte interiori ; lettered ' Filius, esto, dei ' &c."\ 

[Pro bisexto.~\ 

Tune bisextus erit per partes quattuor equas 

Annos partiri cum poteris domini. 
Cum bisextus erit, F. seruit vtrique diei 3 . 
Posteriore die celebrantur festa Mathie. 
Sabbata si teneant, ibi, non alibi, celebrantur. 30 

*fo. A. ij b .] * [Woodcut: Manns sinistra pro parte interiori; lettered 'grates. Filius, esto 
in continuation of the preceding diagram.^ 

[Pro littera dominicalil\ 

Si forsan nescis que littera tu domini sit, 
Et quotus est solis annus cognoscere queris, 
Annos a domini demas annis prius octo, 
Perque quater septem domini diuiseris annos: 
Dat quotus est solis annus quicquid remanebit. 35 

*fo. A. iij.] Et si nil restat, tune supremum fore constat. 

Octo bis ex centum remanent ; ex mille, viginti. 
Mille quadringenti diuisi nil tibi donant. 
luncturas auges, quotiens numerum superaddes, 

1 Kyrfoth divides this nonsense-word thus, ' boa/bell.' The division of syllables 
ought to be, as printed in our text, ' bo-abell,' as the Sunday Letters for bissextile, 
indicated by this word are BA, and not (of course) BB.* 

3 augur: Pynson, 1507. 

8 Bissextum sexte martis tenuere kalende : Pynson, 1507. 






COMPOTUS MANUALIS 163 

Sed pro preterite iu[n]cturas tu remoueto. 4 o 

Semper presentes annos excludere debes 

Quartaque iunctura dat centum, milleque quinta 

Eiusdem digit! : iuncturaque sit tibi finis 

Que quartaw partem numeri 1 tibi finiet omnem. 

[Pro concurrente^\ 

Tune concurrentes domini per grammata nosces 45 

A. sex : B. quinque : C. quattuor : E. duo : D. tres : 
Primus concurrens est F. littera 2 , septimus est G. 
F. primum reddit : sed G. septem tibi finit. 

Concurrens totus F quota Martis erit 

C. B. currens 3 septem : non transit, sed petit assem. 50 

Mars concurrentes renouat: septem sed 4 epactas. 
Mensis cognosces regulares sic feriales 
Quinque monos terni : sex vnus et inde quaterni 
Septem post bini quini septem: tria seni. 
.Dant feriam mensis concurrens et regularis. 55 

Si plus quam septem, reliquum cape : reijce septem 
Sunt in Marte noui concurrens et regularis. 

[C Pro regularibus mensiuml\ 

Est tfstris tiara /ulgentibus #ra dfeorum 
(9rata 5 fonis <rtas, ^ratissima oiique /ideli. 

[C De .xij. mensibus anni.~\ 

Annus Solaris ex mensibus est duodenis 60 

la. Fe. Mar. Ap. May. lun. lul. Au. Sep. Oc. No. December. 

\_Pro numero dierum cuiuslibet inensisl\ 
lunius, Apfilis, September, et ipse Nouember 

Dant triginta dies: reliquis superadditur vnus, 

De quorum numero Februarius excipiatur. 

Nanque quater septem fertur habere dies, 65 

Sed cum bisextus fuerit superadditur vnus. 

1 numeri sit t : Pyn. a Leg. ' F littera, et.' s concurrens : Pyn 

* September : Pyn. * Gratis : Pyn. 

M 2 



164 COMPOTUS MANUALIS 

To. A. iij *.] * C 1 Nomina planetarum. 

Sol. Ve. Mer. Luna. Saturnus. lupiter, et Mars. 

\Quot nonas, idus, et kalendas.~\ 

Sex Mayus nonas October, lulius, et Mars: 

Quattuor in reliquis: tenet idus quilibet octo: 

Inde dies reliquos omnes die esse kalendas. 70 

Nomen sortiri debent a mense sequenti. 

Versibus his noscas mensis cuiusque kalendas. 
' Tantum, /endebat, ^uod, regni, jumma, fegebat, 
.Sanctus, rex, falls, japienter, regna, jubegit. 

C Nomina signorum. 

Est Aries, Taurus, Gemini, Cancer, Leo, Virgo, 75 

Libraque, Scorpio, Architenens, Caper, Vrnaque, Pisces. 
Semper quindenis ponuntur signa kalendis. 

C De festis fixis. 
\Pro litteris dominicalibus mensis.] 

Postea de festis fixis sit regula talis. 
A.B. C. sunt extra, G. supra, D.E.F. manet infra. 
Radices dant D. ; medice 2 , sed et F. tibi terne 80 

Mensis cuiusque ceptum versus dabit iste. 
' A-dam de-gt-bat er-go d-fos a-dri-fex.' 
Pro solo mense deseruit 3 sillaba queque 
Iu[n]cturis istum sic debes ponere versum 
'A- 1 minus index *-^am' ' de-ge-ba\. ' medius a '<?r-' 85 

'Go: d-*' sequens, ' -/os ' : cetera paruus habet. 

*fo. A. iiij.] * [Woodcut: Manus sinistra pro parte interiori; lettered 'D. E. F. G.'] 

Pro festis anni sunt versus bis duodeni 

1 Twenty lines with the commentary appear to have dropped out in the Pynson 
at the British Museum. 

1 Misprinted ' mediie ' : Kyrf. 

3 Misprinted ' desemit ' : Kyrfoth, who gives ' lucturis ' in the next line. Cf. 
line 40. 

4 Misprinted ' si ' : Kyrf. 



COMPOTUS MANUALIS 165 

Nam quiuis mensis binos versus retinebit. 

Versus ponantur iuncturis * omnibus eque. 

Solaque iuncture deposcit sillaba finem 1 . 90 

Demonstrat festa sanctorum sillaba prima 

Festum per primam : sed festum dictio signat 2 

Infundans digitis versus velut ordo requirit. 

1-1 quis famulantur | Solaque itmcturam deposcit syllaba solam : Pyn. 
3 signans: Pyn. 



166 'C7S/O I ANUS' (1519-20) 



* Leaf 4 b .] * C lanuarius. 

circa, dni, phanie larii. lie' epi ri abbat' celli. pitii. 

Cicio, lanus | epi | Lucianus | et Hil | Fe | Mau | Mar | Sul 

pre pre le. fe 

ce ftani iani netw cetii iani 

Pris | Wul | Fab | Ag | Vin | Pete | Pau | li | lul | Ag | ne 

non dis. non le. le. fe. non le. no le. p. 

Batyl [95 

* If. B. j. * C Februarius. 

ide ificatio ii athe ice wyde 

Brig | pur | Bias | et Ag | Ve | februqw^, Scolast | Frede | 

n dis. non le. le. fe. le. fe. turn dis. non le. 

ini. 

Valent 

lane cathedra sancti petri thie 

Iul| o?iungetur | cum | Petro | Math | pone post | 

non dis. 5. le. pre. non dis. non le. non dis. 

guftini. 

Au | 

non le. 

C Martins. 

uid de aquino 

Da | Cedde | Marci | <\ue Thomas | festuw | dat Gregorij | 

non le. non le. non dis. non le. non dis. non le. p. 

pe. ricii. 

pa | Pat 

non dis. noh le. 

di hberti ti 

Edwar | Cut,_| Benedic'| et annun vzVginis, | educ 

le. fe. non dis. non le. p. non le. non dis. non le. p*. le fe. 



C Aprilis. 

hard! 

Festa | Ric | Ambrosi | celebres | in april J que Tiburci [100 

non dis. non le. non le. nisi fe. 

archepi gii 

Et post Alphegi | que Geor | Marci | quoque Petri 

non dis. non le. non dis. non le. non le. non d. 

C. Mayus. 

lippi cobi luctio anis an et achille efwyde 

Phi I lac, crucis | et lo | lo | beuer | lac | Nereus | Fred 

non le. non dis. non le. non dis. non le. non le. non dis. non le. 

archepi minici cifci tini epi tronille 

Postea Dunstani : pone | Do | Fran | August | Germani | Pe 

non dis. non le. non dis. non le. non le. non le. 







FROM THE 4x0 BY C. KYRFOTH, OXON. 1519-20. &.iiij. h . 



COMPOTUS MANUALIS 167 

C lunius. 

omedis ni cii ardi 5 be j 

Nic | Marcelli | Bonifa | Med | Edmuwd | Bar | na | Anthoni | 

non dis. non le. i\on le. nan dis. no le. p. iu> le. n<? dis. 

hard. 

Ric 

nan le. 
thulpbi ci uafii i | regis i anrV | et pauli 

Bo | Mar | Ger | Edward | Alban baptist | lo j 

nan dis. nan le. non dis. nan le. p. le fe. 

onzj tri. li. 

Pau | Le | Pe | Pau . 

n. dis. n. le p. le. fe. 

C lulius. 

tacio marie i. fepte 

Est | visi I Martyn | ces | Thomas | & Fra | B<?n*dicti | 

non le. le. fe. non dis. non le. , 

elmi regis. 

Swythi | Ke 

phi garete edis dalene pollinaru tine cobi ne mietiu 

Arnul, Mar | Prax | Mag | Ap | Cris | lac | An \ dor | 

1 [non dis. non le. non dis. non le. non dis. non le.] 

fonzs plicii do mani. 

Sawp Sim | Ab | Ger 

[non dis.] * 
leaf s b 

* If. B. j b .] * C Augustus. 

tri ad cl'a waldi figurato. nots mani re'HI cii 

Pe | vin | Stef | han | Os \ trans \ lesu | Ro | Lau | Tibur | 

n le. non dis. non le. 

lid af tio ma. 

Yppo | sump 

non dis. 

guftini de lacO 

Rochi & Magni Bernard! | Bar j tholomi Au | col | 

non dis. non le. non dis. non le. non le. 

tiste burge 

bap | Cut 

C September. 

ii et iacincti 

Egidi | Cuth Bertini | nat | Gor | gon | Prothi j que 

[IJe fe. nan dis. nan le. non dis. 

exa] tacio. 

cru | cis [no 

nan le. 
dithe ie ricii mini riani 

E | Lamberti | q* Math | Mau | Te | cle | Fir | Cip 

non dis. nan le. 
et damiani aelis onimi. 

Cosme | Mych | ler 

nan dis. non le. le. fe. 

1 A line cut off in Camb. Univ. AB. 4. 69(5) at the foot of leaf B. j. 



i68 'C7S/0 JANUS' (1519-20) 

C October. 

migii ci onis | nidi fiii (sic) regis. 

Re | Leo | Fracis | Hug | Marci | Dio | Niga | Edwardi | 

le. fe. 

aelis te 

Mich | mow 

-non dis. 
ce de Ha inii ni 

Lu | Fredeswyd | mil | virg | Roma | Crisp | ini | Simo | 

non le. nan le. le. fe. nun dis. turn le. 

[ini] 

nis Quint 

nan dis. 

C Nouamberf. 

niu fc5]/ {rum] nardi ci tini epi 

Om | anima | que Leo | Lo j do | wi Marti | 

non le. p. rum le. p. non dis. nan le. turn le. p. nan dis. nan le. p. 

uti epi mudi archepi. 

Brici | Mach | Ed._ 

le. fe. nan dis. nan le p. 

epi i cilie. is herine pe 

Hugonis I Edmund | Ce | Clement | Kat | Lini | pa | 

nanle.p. nan dis. non le p. le. fe. rum le. p. nan dis. non\e.p. le. fe. 
turnini dree. 

Sat | An [ II5 

non dis. non le. p. 

C December. 

i [re] [ai] 

Eligi Os Barba 1 | Nicol | conceptio | que Lucie. 

non le. non dis. non le. p. le. fe. non le. p. le fe. le. fe. 

iuitatis ban! anis nocetiu 

O | sapien j que | Thomas | prope \ nat | Step | lo | in | 

non dis. nan le. pre. p. p. p. p. 

ueftri. 

Thome | Sil. 
p- 

) sic. 

bare 

1 Probably we should read Bar. Or else St. Barbara's day may have been kept 
on Dec. 4, the same day as St. Bernard, where her name occurred in some kalendars, 
before his canonization in 1456-7. 



COMPOTUS MANUALIS. 

[PORTIO SECUNDA.] 

C De siclo lunari. 
[C De numero aureo^\ 

Sunt alij versus pro festis bis duodeni 

Nee tamen hoc vsu reliquos ins[c]ribere 1 vidi. 

Si mutes vsum versus mutare licebit, 120 

*Namque alios alius versus sibi postulat vsus. [*fo. B. ij. 

Usu diuerso variantur festa frequenter. 

Horum ideo propria mutari metra necesse est. 

Ignorans 2 numerum qui lune denotat ortum 

Per denos nonos domini diuiseris annos 125 

Adiungens vnum : quicquid superest notat ilium 

Et si nil restat supremum tune fore constat. 

Dant centum quinque, duodenos dant tibi mille 

Mille quadringinti diuisi tres 3 tibi donant. 

Aureus hie numerus his versibus est manifestus 130 

' Ter-nus vn-din nod oc-to se#d 4 quin-que tred am-bo de-cem 

doc 

Septem quin quarts ter 6 due io-ta no-uem deps .vj. quat. 
Auri 6 per primam dissyllaba dictio sedem, 
Designatque locum per reliquam vacuum. 
In digitis quinque numerus situabitur iste. 135 

Hos ita ponamus iuncturis postea versus. 
Ter minim 7 , bina nus, terna dat vn tibi summa, 
Din tibi dat v. nod., vj. 8 dat 0<rque suprema. 
To dat pol media, sex dra, pol quin dabit in ra 
Sic totum comple medium, medicum superadde. 140 

Ra, minim, finit versus que quat. retinebit. 

1 insribere : Kyrf. (sic). 2 Ignarans : Pyn. 3 tred[ecim] : Pyn. 

* sexd : Pyn. ; sed : Kyrf. s omit ' ter ' : Pyn. 

6 Auri : Pyn. Kyrf. leg. ' Auxit.' 7 minimi : Pyn. 

* quinta nod sexta : Pyn. 



170 COMPOTUS MANUALIS 

[C De prima et de etate lune.~\ 

Taliter impones iuncturis postea menses. 
Bina la. Mar. Feb. Ap. terna May, suwwaque lunius extra. 
Post lul. Au. suprema, Se/t. Oc. ra. pol. in No. De. pus ra, 
Primaque sit lima: si sedem syllaba tangat. 145 

Et quantum distat, hec lune tanta sit etas. 
Iuncturis primam si vis inquirere lunam 
Infundans 1 digitis versus velut ordo requirit, 
Maiorl numero debetur tercius ordo. 

Cumque 2 minor sequitur maiori continuatur 150 

Sed facienda locis instantia sit duodenis. 
*fo.B.ij b .] *Mensibus in paribus sex sunt dicit tibi versus 

Sic facies saltum Bla. Si. nus. Steph. ore 3 , iunge. 

[Pro situationel\ 

Est sine din Febru, sine to 'pril, lunius, August. 

October sine que nee bo December habet. 155 

Sex alie resident in fex 4 facte prope finem 
Fe. tres : Ap. sex : lu. quat : Aug. duo : Oc. tri : De. quar : 
Un. no., din 5 ponant tibi lulius, atque sequentes. 

C De ciclo lunari et epactis. 

Per tres iuncturas pollex forwabit epactas. 

Iuncturis tribus his auri numerum quoque signes 6 . 160 

Deme vnum, post adde nouem, post vnde viginti 7 . 

Et, si triginta superent, triginta moueto. 

Annum lunarem solari scito minorem. 

Vndenos quippe sol plus reperitur habere. 

Menses lunares sic scire potes regulares. 165 

Quinque, Sep., Oc., dantur : No. De. septem : ter, tria la. 

Mar. 

Ap. Fe. decem sumunt : post vnam cuilibet adde. 
Etatem lune regulares dant et epacte. 
Principio mensis sed si numerus superabit 

1 infundans : 1519-20. infundas : Pyn. 

a Tumque : Pyn. 3 stepho re : Pyn. ; steph o re : Kyrf. * sex : Pyn. 

5 Vn dim : Pyn. * numerum situabis : Pyn. 

7 post vnde viginti : Pyn. ' post dena nouemque.' ' post adde nonem ' : 
*J&rf- 



COMPOTUS MANUALIS 171 

Horum triginta, triginta demere cura. 170 

Oc. Ma. lul. vn-din. Mar. nod. a dat. mo[nos] au[gust] l . 

C De anno embolismali. 

Embolismales annos sic noscere debes. 

Tertius, et sextus, octauus, et vndecimus post, 

A[c] 2 decimus quartus, deca septimus, et deca nonus 3 

Ac alios omnes communes dicere debes. i?5 

[C Pro lunatione embolismali^ 

Embolismalis lunatio semper erit par. 

Illius 4 mensis cuius lunatio mense 5 

Impare par 6 , impar pare, fit lunatio mense. 

' Mobilis, ibo, cifos, acer, iber, habeto, coeuos ' 

Quali mense dieque quota versus dabit iste. 180 

Prima dabit mensem, monstrabit et altera sedem. 



[PORCIO TERCIA.] 
*<L De festis mobilibus et epac. [*fo.B. iij. 

Per clauis numerum cognosces mobile festum. 

Noscere tu claues per metra sequentia debes. 

Tune auri numerum numerant summe digitorum. 

Vicenos quinos tridecem 7 plus esse tridenos 185 

Vnde viginta 8 epta digitis pro clauibus apta. 

Pol. preit : in. sequitur, medius, medicus, minimus post. 

Si quadraginta superent, triginta moueto. 

Est numerus clauis illud quod re-que 9 manebit 

Anno bissexti si sep. vel quadra, requiris 190 

Circa bissextum iungas cum clauibus vnum. 

Dat tibi post numerum domini lux mobile festum. 

Si cadant in luce[w] domini, suppone sequentem. 

Terminus et festum nunquam celebrantur eodem. 

Clauis ab vndenis ad quadraginta refertur. 195 

1 monos august : Pyn. mo. au. : Kyr. : Durand. VIII. ix. 3. 

J A : Kyr. > decamonos : Pyn. * Illius est : Pyn. 

* finit : Pyn. Impar epar : Kyrf. 7 tridecim : Pyn. 

8 viginti : Pyn. remanebit : Pyn. 



172 COMPOTUS MANUALIS 

Incipiuntque dies claues numerare sequentes. 
Primula G. lanu., post vltima ; G. que secunda 
Martis ; et Aprilis .G. tercia, .G. que suprema. 

C De festis mobilibus et clauibus. 

Postea mobilia si vis cognoscere festa. 

Sep. Qua. Pa. Ro. Pen., Pris. Bru. No. 1 Ci. Col. dato sedem. 

Sedem festorum radix tenet indicis horum. 201 

Aureus hic numerus iuncturis inueniatur. 

Dat tibi post numerum domini lux mobile festum. 

[C De termino paschali, et bisexto.~\ 

Pascha nee vndenas Aprilis et ante kalendas 

Nee post septenas Maij valet esse kalendas 2 . 205 

3 Festum Mathie bisexto mobile restat 

Sabata si teneat ibi non sed luna celebrat 3 . 



[PORCIO QUARTA.] 

C De ter minis ebdomada\rum\. 

Ebdomadas a Nat. pro festis indicis A dat. 
Quattuor hinc septem tride octodecimque viginti 
Vnum quemque diem dat littera postea tacta. 210 

*B. iij b .] *-<4. dabit ebdomadam tamen indicis A nisi tangam 
Citra queque vocans 4 iunctura, diem mouet vnam. 
A Penthe. festis sic distant festa loannis 
Indicis ebdomadas. G. sex dant 5 , et altera tollit. 
Vltra vel citra die vt supra vice versa. 215 

[C Pro Aduentu.] 

A Penthe. distat Aduentus, et vnde triginta 
Ebdo dat indicis ab tollit sed quilibet 6 vnam 7 . 

Aduentum domini prima tollit 8 feria 
Si cadit in lucem domini celebratur ibidem. 

1 'Ne': Pyn. (melius). a valent esse l r atrendas : Pyn. 

3 " 3 omit Pynson. 4 Circa queque vacans : Pyn. 

8 ex dat : Pyn. ab tollit quelibet : Pyn. 

7 Pynson here rightly inserts the line, ' Andree festo vicinior ordine quouis.' 
* colit : Pyn. 



COMPOTUS MANUALIS 173 

Distat ab Aduentu domini sic vera dies Nat. 220 

Festo iunctura 1 dat mobilw ebdomada tres 
Donee .v. 2 tacta dat lucem littera queque. 

C De quarta anni parte. 
Annum discerne per partes, suntque quaterne 
Ver Petro detur: estas exinde sequetur. 
Hanc dabit Vrbanus: Autumnum Simphorianus. 225 

Festum dementis hyemis caput est orientis. 
Vadit 3 hyemps retro cathedrato Symone Petro. 

[C Pro quattuor temporibusJ] 
Dant crux, Lucia, cineres, carismata dya 4 

quot 5 fit in angaria quarta sequens 6 feria. 
Post Pen. Cru. Luci. sunt tempora quattuor anni. 230 

[C Pro observations ieiuniorttm.] 
7 Nat. Domini Pentheque lohan. Lau. sumptio sancta 
Istis vigilijs ieiunemus, luceque Marci. 7 
Petrus et Andreas, Paulus, cum Symone ludas 
Ut ieiunemus nos admonet, atque Matheus. 

[C Pro diebus egrisJ\ 

Inde dies egros per versus noueris istos 235 

'^ug-urio dices 8 audito miwine 9 dan^or 
Zin^uit 0/ens ab eis 10 colit coins ^soila n ^al/us.' 
Omnibus in reliquis, sed non hie .H. numerabis. 
'Menfalus zl/ud habet armatus /i/ia fldus. 
Mimus ag\\. cedet 12 elizos ^e/hirus aufert.' 240 

[C Pro indie tionibusJ\ 
Si per quindenos domini diuiseris annos 

* His tres adiungens inditio sit 13 tibi presens. [* fo.B. iiij. 

Dant centum gentos [tibi] mille. .x. quoque reddunt. 

I Festi iurcture : Pyn. 2 Donee b. : Pyn. 

* Cedit : Durandus in Rationale Divinorum, VIII. iii. 21. 

* diei : Pyn. * Quod : Pyn. ' sequenta : Pyn. 
T ~ T omit Pynson. 8 Leg. ( decies ' : Pyn. ' lumine : Pyn. 
10 Leg. ' abies ': Pyn. u ' excute ' : Durand. Rat. Div. VIII. iv. 20. 

II sedet: Pyn. " fit: Comp. Man. 1523. 



174 COMPOTUS MANUALIS 

Dum redit October inditio sit l noua semper 

Quattuor atque tribus ipsi prelata diebus. 245 

[C Pro litter a tabulariJ] 
Noscere si queris que littera sit tabularis. 
Alphabeta duo debes cognoscere primo 
B. post punct 2 primum : sed .a? pri. punct esto secundum 
Uel prime nigre fiant rubeeque secunde, 
Primum finit in .v. reliquum se terminat in .q. 350 

Indicis incipiet ra primum, sexta secundum. 
Incipiet medici post aurum tangere lucem 
Que domini poterit, hec littera sit tabularis. 
B. sex ebdomadas ./. septenas dat, n. octo, 
Fque nouem. g. secunda decem, quibus .o. dabit vnam. 355 
Addidit ebdomadis >b. dies tres initiales. 
Littera queque sequens premissis addidit vnam. 
Anno bisexti vult vna dies superaddi. 

C In comendationem huius operis carmina*. 

Que vix antiqui potuerunt scribere libris 

Decurrendo polum constanti mente rotundum. 360 

Aeriasque domos tentando et sydera cuncta. 

Queque fluunt ex his et quomodo sol moueatur. 

Intus habes collecta 1 breui compendio et arte 5 . 

C Finis. 

1 fit : Comp, Man. 1523. 

3 G post punct : Pyn. ; B. post puuct : Kyrf. (sic). 

s Leg. l d' : so the /Calendar of the Shepherds. 

* ' CL Breue compendium ' : Pyn. 

5 Pynson (1507) adds here to the ' Breve compendium* ('Que vix antiqui . . . 
arte ') five lines, headed Divisio libri, and five more of a Diffinitio cicli Solaris, 
which will be found printed in a note on p. 1 6 1 , above. 



COMPOTUS MANUALIS 
[fo. B. iiij b .] 



175 




C Impressum est presens opusculu in ce- 

leberrima vniuersitate Oxoniensi p 

me Carolum Kyrfoth . In vico 

diui loam's baptiste mora 

trahete Anno dm. M.D. xix. Mesis 

vero February, die .v. 



NOTES ON THE COMPOTUS MANUALIS, 
AD USUM OXONIENSUM (pp. 161-175) 

LINE 1. ' Compotus est talis' : See above, pp. 135, 153. 

1. 2. ' Leua manus ' : The manus sinistra appears in the diagrams. 
See above, p. 133. 

1. 6. ' The solar-cycle consists of twenty-eight years. Count it 
upon the joints (' iuncturas ') of your hand/ See T. Hothyrsall's 
Prologus in Picam Ebor. 1497, Direct. Sacerd. pp. 569-72, 634. 

1. 8. foil. The memorial line 

'^llius _sto Dei Celum,' &c. (where each word begins with 
a Sunday letter) is called in the Calendar of Shepeherdes a verse * to 
knowe the letter domynycall' (iii. 14). 

1. 10. ' The first year of our solar cycle begins with Sunday 
letter F (the initial of the word ' /llius ') : apply this to the lower 
part of your second finger (indicis radix), and the E of ' esto ' for 
the following year to the ' root ' of your middle finger, and so on. 
But apply two words (e. g. ' Celum j5onus ') to each joint of your little 
finger (minimi]. This finger serves for the double letter of leap-year.' 

1. 11. Indicis hanc radix tenet, &c. The diagrams given in some 
editions of the Computus Manualis, to name the several finger-joints 
(' iuncturae ') of the left hand (e. g. in Brit. Mus. I. A. 41,824, printed by 
]. de Pre, at Lyons, in 1489), thus define the names : 

I. The open hand, pro parte interiori. 

1. The thumb, Polkx. Its joints (from the palm of the hand to 
the tip, upwards), radix pollicis, supra radix pollicis, summitas pollicis. 

2. The forefinger, Index. Its joints, prima radix indicis, secunda 
supra radix indicis, tertia supra radix indicis, summitas indicis. 

3. The middle finger, Medius. Its joints, prima radix medii, secunda 
supra radix medii, teriia supra radix medii, summitas medii. 

4. The ring-finger, Medicus. Its joints, prima radix medici, secunda 
supra radix medici, tertia supra radix medici, summitas medici. 

5. The little finger, Auricularis or Minimus. Its joints, prima 
radix auricularis, secunda supra radix auricularis, tertia supra radix 
auricularis, summitas auricularis. 



NOTES ON THE COMPOTUS MANUALIS 177 

II. The back of the fingers, clenched down, pro parte exteriori. 

The first finger, Index, Its back, the joints from the nail to the 
lower joint prima subungula indicis (next the nail), secunda subungula 
indicts, and grossa radix indicis. And so, in like manner, prima 
subungula, secunda subungula, and grossa radix of the back of the 
three other fingers, medius, medicus, and minimus (or auricularis\ 
the thumb (pollex) not being employed in those diagrams which 
are constructed 'pro parte exteriori' 

11. 21-5. '^ructus, ^41it, Canos/ &c. The Kalendar of Shepe- 
herdes explains that these four memorial lines are an alternative set 
(' Or, by thys other verses '). It has several misprints, but reads Calor 
for Color, and ^ur for Ar-gos. The latter reading is indifferent. 
These lines are better than those given in MS. Harl. 955 (Direct. Sac. 
p. 608), two of which run the changes on the first without any attempt 
at metre. 

The letters run in the lines ' Yructus,' &c. 

(1) F. A. C. E. G. B. D. 

(2) E. G. B. D. F. A. C. 

(3) D. F. A. C. E. G. B. 

(4) CB. ED. GF. BA. DC. FE. AG. 

It will be observed that these initials will help one to letter the four 
(open) fingers, from the root to the tip, and then to go on with the 
same finger doubled for the letters which I give in italics, from the 
nail to the lower joint, in continuation. No. (4) gives the letters for 
the little finger (the leap-years), the second syllable in each supplying 
the second letter of each pair in that instance, for use for the latter 
part of the year from St. Matthias' Day, onwards. 

11. 26-30. The rule for Leap-year. 

11. 31-5. A rule for finding the cycle position of any year in the 
present millenary. From the number of the year A. D. subtract eight, 
then divide by twenty-eight, and you will find that the remainder gives 
the place in the solar cycle of the year in question. 

11. 36-44. A ready-reckoning for the above without going through 
the entire process, starting with Anno Domini 1 400. 

11. 45-8. Concurrents : G. A. B. C. D. E. F. 
7. 6. 5. 4. 3. 2. i. 

The Leofric Missal (p. 22, ed. Warren) has a table of Regular es, 
Feriae, Concurrences et Epactae written in the south of England, cir. 
A. D. 970. (JDe Compuio Ecc le siastic o : pro singulis mensibus.} 

The ' concurrent ' is a number corresponding to the Sunday letter. 
In- old style, add to the numeral of the given year its integral fourth 



178 ON THE OXFORD COMPUTUS (1520} 

part + 4, and divide by 7. The remainder is the ' concurrent.' (In 
the twentieth and twenty-first centuries new style, proceed in the same 
way, only adding 5, instead of 4.) The numbers assigned in the 
memorial verses to the letters are 

A. B. C. D. E. F. G. 
6. 5. 4. 3. 2. i. 7. 

A concurrent is the supernumerary day (or in leap-year two days) 
over and above the fifty-two full weeks of each year. Durandus 
thus arranges the ' concurrents ' of a solar cycle of twenty-eight 
years i. 2. 3. 4. 5*. 6. 7. 8. 9*. 10. n. 12. 13*. 14. 15. 16. 
cone, '}. ij. iij. iiij. vj. vij. j. ij. iiij. v. vj. vij. ij. iij. iiij. v. 
years 17.* 18. 19. 20. 21*. 22. 23. 24*. 25. 26. 27. 28. 
cone. vij. j. ij. iij. v. vj. vij. ij. iij. iiij. v. vj. 

* (In leap years the concurrent advances a unit.) 
11. 49-51. Sunday letter F. is the first in a solar cycle. E. in the 
second year; and so on. Therefore the concurrents, i, 2, &c., attach 
themselves to them. Durandus gives for the dominical letters 
' Per/* Ea Dux Cor Ame/* Gens Fautor Eum Colui/* Bis 
Ars Genus Es/* De Corde Bono Gigni/* Ferus Ensis 
Dicta Bean/* Aqua Gens, Frons Da/.* Cunctis Bonus Auctor.' 
* Note that the words ending with ' /' are bissextile (Rat. Divin. 
VIII. v. 8). We have marked them with asterisks. 

1. 52. ' Regulars ' are used with ' Concurrents ' to find on what 
day of the week the first of each month will fall. ' Solar regulars ' are 
invariable numbers attached to every month. These are thus given 
in our Latin lines : 

Mar. Apr. May. June. Jul. Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. 

5- i- 3- 6. i. 4. 7. 2. 5. 7. 2". 5. 
Add the regulars of the given month to the concurrents of the year 
in question. Then, if not more than seven, it marks the day of the 
week on which your month begins. Or if it is more than seven, then 
subtract seven to find it. Leap-years change at Feb. 25, therefore 
you start afresh for the concurrents and solar regular to find the first 
of March. (Lunar regulars begin with nine, and, added to the epact, 
give the day of the week of the first in each month. See Portio ii.) 
Another memorial rule is the following : 

Martius in quinque : dux est Aprilis in asse * 
Maius ties rapuit : lunius sex modo t redemit 
lulius in asse labat: Augustus quatuor extat. 

1 Dux tst Aprilis in asse: April leads the way, with unity (i) for its regularis. 



NOTES ON THE COMPOTUS MANUALIS 179 

September septem : capit Octoberque gemellas. 
Quinque Nouember habet : septem December adauget 
lanus tres rapuit : Februus sex modo t recepit. 
(See Hampson, KaL Medii Aevt, ii. 334 ; where also another 
set of lines is given (' September quinis : October consocialis/ &c., 
for the use of those who began their Lunar Year in September.) 
1. 58. E. A. C. F. A. D. 

G. B. E. G. C. F. 

This line ' Est -4stris/ &c. (wherein the initial letters A-G stand for 
the numerals 1-7) is given likewise by Durandus (Rationale Divinorum, 
VIII. v. 5). It gives the solar regulars (5. i. 3, &c.) as in the previous 
note for the months, beginning with March. 
1. 60. The names of the twelve months. 

1. 62. The Latin equivalent to our ' Thirty days hath September,' &c. 
(Cf. Durandi Rat. VIII. iv. 13.) 

I. 67. The names of the seven planets known to the ancients. 
(Cf. Durandi Rationale, VIII. v. 3.) 

II. 68-71. The Latin equivalent (virtually) for our rhyme, 

' The fifth and thirteenth day divides 

In Roman months the nones and ides/ &c. 

Durandus has a rather longer version of these lines (Rai. Div. VIII. 
iv. 19). 

11. 72-4. ' Tantum /endebat,' &c. In this memoria technica, the 
letter T, the nineteenth letter of the alphabet, stands for xix ; Q for 
xvj ; R for xvij, and S for xviij. Thus we get the highest number 
of the days post idus mensis, ante kalendas mensis sequentis for the 
twelve months in this order, 

xix. xix. xvL xvij. xviiij. xvij. 
xviij. xvij. xix. xviij. xvij. xviij. 

11. 75-6. Est Aries, Taurus. The original of ' The Ram, the 
Bull, the Heavenly Twins/ &c., for the signs of the Zodiac for the 
months of the year. Cf. Durandi Rationale Divinorum, VIII. iii. 5. 

I. 77. ' Semper quindenis,' &c. ' Sol in Ariete' is to be placed in 
the almanac opposite xv. Kal. April (March 18), ' Sol in Tauro' 
opposite xv. Kal. Maii (April 1 7), and so forth. 

II. 78-80. 'A. B. C. sunt extra/ &c. A rule for attaching Sunday 
letters to the three joints of every finger of the closed hand. ' G supra ' 
means that we must place ' G ' at the tip of each finger of the open 
hand, and ' D. E. F. manet infra 1 ' i. e. on the lower joints of the 

1 Subit infra : Harl. 955. 
N 2 



i8o ON THE OXFORD COMPUTUS (1520) 

open hand, D being on the ' radices ' or lowest joints within the palm, 
as the figure shows '. 

11. 81-3. 'A-Dzm De-GeBtf.,' &c., the original of 

' At Dover Z> wells George .Z?rown Esquire,' 

to help us remember the dominical letters A, D, D, G, B, E, &c., 
wherewith the several months respectively begin. Durandus gives the 
same (Rat. Divin. VIII. v. 4), but adds an alternative. 

' ^41ta Ztomat Ztominus, Gratis .Z?eat, .Equa Gerentes, 
Contemnit fictos, ylugebit Ztona /Ideli.' 

11. 84-6. 'luncturis,' &c. This is intended to show how we may 
attach the above-mentioned syllables (' A-dam De-Gebat,' &c.) to the 
joints of the hand. But I do not think the diagram for it is given by 
Kyrfoth, though perhaps the ' A. B. C.' hand would serve the purpose. 

11.87-93. The Cisioianus for Oxford Use. A couplet of about thirty 
syllables is given (a syllable for each day) for every month, so constructed 
as to show what fixed holy days occur 2 . Thus 

(11. 94-5). 'Ci-si-o la-nus E-pi, Lu-ci-a-nus et Hil.' 
i. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. ii. 12. 13. 
gives a memorial for thirteen days. ' The (Circum)cision on the first of 
January, E-pi(phany) on the sixth, and Lucian and Hilary on the 
eighth and thirteenth respectively,' and so on. 

I have rearranged the holy days noted in kalendar form on 
pp. 12132, above. The words here given in italics ' fi.,' l le.fej 
'non dis,' ' non le' &c., are in the original printed beneath the 
syllables corresponding to the days to which they are assigned as the 
reader will see on pp. 166-8. 

They indicate the academical character of the days in the University 
of Oxford. There, as at Paris and at Cambridge, the ordinary 
days of term were styled ' dies legibiles ' or ' le days/ i. e. days on 
which lectures might be delivered, and ' dis days ' or ' dies disputabiles ' 
when the more solemn disputations of the Masters of Arts were held, 
at which all senior sophisters were compelled to attend 8 . These 
disputations (says Dr. Peacock) were preceded by Dysses or Disserta- 

1 Mr. Lunn having only the brief computes before him, without the diagram,, 
made a clever, but erroneous, guess for our Directorium Sacerdolum, ii. 610, 
612, 617. 

1 The Kakndar of Shepehtrdes, 1506 (iii. 15), gives the direction thus, ' In these 
two lynes [for each month] be as many sylables as be days in the Monthe, set them 
in as many joyntes on the left hand.' 

* Statut. Acad. Cantabr. 339. According to the Elizabethan Statutes, cap. 25, 
the disputations lasted from 9 to 1 1 a.m. on Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, and 
Thursday, unless some feast day intervened, and were attended by all M.A.'s. 



NOTES ON THE COMPOTUS MANUALIS 181 

tions, and such days were thence also called ' Dys days V The first 
entry from Bedell Matthew Stokys' book is, ' The Questionists shall 
gyve the Bedels warnynge upon the Le Daye, that they may pro- 
clayme before thordynarie Readers in the common Schooles thentrynge 
of their Questions [the Priorums~\ at the accustomed Hower 2 . 

There were in old times many holy days which intervened to stop 
lectures, and these were accordingly called non Le, or non Dis days (or 
both at once). 

At Oxford and Paris (Dr. Peacock might have added Cambridge) 
there was the further distinction that there was a sort of intermediate 
class, called ' lefe days/ or ' dies legibiles festinanter ' 8 . On these, 
according to one explanation, 'cursory lectures' on the Ethics of 
Aristotle were delivered. Dr. Peacock says that cursory lectures were 
delivered on Sundays and at certain seasons of the year. The days 
thus marked in our Oxford Computus of 1520 are 

St. Hilary, 13 Jan. 

Agnes, 21 (Parts)*. 

Blaise, 3 Feb. (Cambridge). 

Agatha, 5 (Paris, Cam.). 

Edward, K. M., 18 Mar. 

The Morrow of Lady Day, 26 Mar. (Cam.). 

St. Ambrose, 4 Apr. 

SS. John and Paul, MM., 26 June. 

Commem. of St. Paul, 30 June. 

(July 17-31 cut out in the only copy extant s .) 

St. Jerome, 30 Sept. 

Denys, 9 Oct. 

Frideswyde, 19 Oct. 

Brice, 13 Nov. (Paris, Cam.). 

Cecily, 22 (Paris). 

Linus, 26 (Cam.). 

1 G. Peacock, Observations on Camb. Statutes, 1841, p. iv, . He refers to 
Bulaeus (Caes. Egassius Du Boulay, 1665-73), Hist. Univ. Paris, iii. 194-5, 280-1. 
A. Wood, Hist. Oxf., book ii. p. 22. See also Registr. Acad. Oxon. (Oxf. Hist. Soc.) 
ii. 75- 2 Peacock, Obs. on Camb. Stat. pp. iv, v. 

3 This is the common reading. I have been inclined to suggest ' festiwe ' (for 
' festive '), and I see that ' Festive ' is the reading of the Paris kalendars edited by 
MM. Denifle and Chatelain. See, however, my note ( a ) on p. 27, above. I do not 
know whether the word 'festine' was in use among mediaeval writers. There 
is, I believe, a question as to the reading in Cicero (4 Att. 14), Nizolius cites it 
as ' Soles enirn festive odorari,' apparently not finding such a form as ' festine ' 
in Tully. The Paris Statute of 1254 (Bulaeus, iii. 280) speaks merely of the abuse 
by some M.A.'s, ' lectiones suas terminare festinantibus antequam libronim 
quantitas requireret.' 

* We note coincidences in the Paris and Cambridge kalendars. 

* There is no reason to think that any ' le fe' day was marked there. 



182 ON THE OXFORD COMPUTUS (1530) 

St. Nicholas, 6 Dec. 

Conception of B. Mary, 8 Dec. (The morrow, Cam.). 

St. Lucy, 13 Dec. (Paris, Cam.) 1 . 

The distinction between ' ordinary ' and ' extraordinary ' or ' cur- 
sory' lectures is discussed by Mr. Mullinger in an appendix to his 
History of the University of Cambridge, i. 645-8. He adopts 
M. Thurot's explanation that ordinary lectures were those of Masters, 
delivered according to the regulations of the statutes and ordinances, 
while cursory lectures were delivered by bachelors in the faculty of 
arts as substitutes for the masters, being practically the same as 
'extraordinary' readers. ' Legere festinanter ' (festive) was known or 
recognized at Cambridge, and belonged not only to the more mercurial 
schools of Paris and Oxford. It is supposed to be the custom of 
reading so quickly that the hearers cannot take down their notes. 

1.102. ' Frede(wyde) ' : St. Frideswyde's 'Invention' was kept 
locally, at Oxford, on May 1 5. Her ' Depositio ' occurs usually on 
October 19, and her 'Translatio' on February n (or 12). 

1. 107. The academical notes, presumably attached to one line, 
have been cut away by the binder for July 17-31. I have restored 
them (in brackets) from notes given in the Proctor's Books, &c. 

1 The other 'festivt ' days at Paris were SS. Polycarp (Jan. 26), George (Apr. 23), 
German (May 28), Victor (July 21), Marcellus of Paris (July 26), German of 
Auxerre (July 31), Gregory Cam. (Sept. 3), Morrow of Holy Cross (Sept. 15), 
Firmin (Sept. 25), Cosmas and Damian (Sept. 27), Ludger (Oct. 2), Leonard 
(Nov. 6), Octave of St. Katharine (Dec. 2), and Barbara (Dec. 4). 

The Cambridge Proctor's Book gives the Morrow of Ascension, the Morrow of 
Corpus Christi, St. Dunstan (May 19), St. Alban (June 22), the Morrow of St. John 
Baptist (June 25), Commem. of St. Paul (or Morrow of the Apostles (June 30), 
Martin (July 4), Pope Stephen (Aug. 2), Hippolytus (Aug. 13), Augustin (Aug. 28), 
Gregory (Sept. 3), Jerome (Sept. 30); also Nov. 22 and 28 as ' lefe' days. 

As to the syllable ' pre ' or ' p.' which marks certain important days in this 
Oxford Kalendar, and is printed below the several days, I am at a loss how to 
assign to it its true interpretation or derivation. The days so distinguished are 

Jan. The Circumcision, Epiphany, Conversion of St. Paul. 

Feb. St. Peter's Chair. 

Mar. St. Gregory, Cuthbert, the Annunciation. 

June. St. Barnabas, Nat. Jo. Baptist, St. Peter and Paul the Apostles. 

Nov. All Saints, All Souls, SS. Louis, Martin, Edmund Abp. and Confessor, 
Hugh, Edmund, Clement, Katharine, Andrew. 

Dec. St Nicholas, Conception of-B. V. Mary, St. Thomas Ap., Christmas 
Day, St. Stephen, John, Holy Innocents, and Thomas the Martyr. 

Some such expression as 'preces,' or else ' predicandum? or ' ad predicatores] 
may suggest itself. Or, can ' p ' have been used conventionally at Oxford as a con- 
venient symbol for ' pr'mcipa.le festum,' or for 'cum processions,' or for ' prece- 
denti die ' ? No one of these surmises, however, is convincing to us. 



NOTES ON THE COMPOTUS MANUALIS 183 

11. 118-22. The kalendars of various liturgical or diocesan Uses 
require modification of the lines. Thus our third (Oxford) line ends 

' Fe-bru-que Sco-last. Fre-de. Va-lent.' 
where the Sarum line ends 

' Fe-bru-ar. Scho-las-ti-ca Va-lent.' 
(Salisbury not having occasion to notice St. Frideswyde) J . 

In March, Sarum has Perpetua for Thomas, and omits St. Patrick. 
Vitalis on April 28, for Peter of Milan on the 2pth (Oxon.). In 
May the Sarum verses disregard John of Beverley and Frideswyde, 
great names at Oxford, as well as the later saints Dominick and 
Francis. In other months St. Rock and the later festivals of the 
Transfiguration and Most Holy Name, and translation of St. Osmund, 
with some others are not found in the corresponding Sarum lines. 
In November ' Qua[tuor coronati] Theo[dore] ' take the place of 
Lodowicus 2 . I have given memorial couplets of the saints in each 
month from other sources in my appendix ii to Directorium sacerdotum 
ii. pp. 605-6. See also Hampson, Kalendarium, i. 397-420 ; 449-60. 

11. 123-6. The lunar cycle consists of a series of nineteen years to 
which golden numbers i-xix are attached. 

11. 128-9. ' Dant centum mille,' &c. On the division of 100 (years) 
by 19 (the number in the lunar cycle), there is a remainder of 
5. Likewise a remainder of 1.2 on dividing 1000; or of 3 on 
dividing 1 400. Probably the rule given in our text was made in the 
fifteenth century. 

11. 130-34. Memorial lines for the order of golden numbers (found 
by additions of 8 or subtractions of ii, so as nevej to exceed 
19), as they are placed in the margin of the almanac against the 
days of the month in the kalendar. Disyllables imply that there is 
a blank left between two consecutive numbers. 

Ter-nus vn-din-nod. oc-to sed. quin-que tred. am-bo de-cem doc. 
iij. xj. xix. viij xvj. v. xiij. ij. x. xviij. 

Sep-tem quin. quartt. terf. due. io-ta no-uem deps. sex-tus. quart, 
vij. xv. iiij. xij. i. ix. xvij. vj. xiiij. 

'quart, ter ' should be qua-ter=iiij. blank. ' sed.' = sedecim. doc.= 
decimus octauus 'due' (or 'dud' as in Manuale, 1523) stands for 
duodeeim. ' deps ' (or ' dest/ 1523 ; ' sep ' Harl 955) means dix-sept, 
or decem et septem. The last syllable should be ' quat,' i. e. quatuor- 

1 See my Salisbury Ceremonies, &c., p. 232. For other varieties, cf. p. 117* 

2 On Nov. 8 the accession of St. Louis, who died on Aug. 25, 1270 (canonized 
in 1297), and succeeded Louis VIII on Nov. 8, 1226. 



184 ON THE OXFORD COMPUTUS (1520} 

decim, as in line 140. The Kalendar of Shepeherdes (iii. 14), which 
has the last words in a corrupt form (' io-ta. veni. v. T. quat.') calls 
these lines the rule ' to knowe the letter domynycall and the golden number, 

11. 135-41. The rule for adapting the aforesaid series of golden 
numbers to the hand diagram, ' Minim/ ' pol,' ' rad ' (or ' ra '), stand 
for minimus, pollex, and radix, the little finger, the thumb, the root or 
palm-joint, &c. &c. 

11. 142-4. The rule for arranging the names of the months on the 
second and other fingers. 

11. 145-6. For the ' prime ' or new moon, and the age of the moon. 

11. 147-8. To find the prime by the joints of the hand, and the 
memorial lines. 

11. 149-51. I suppose this rule corresponds with the arrangement 
of golden numbers in the margin of the kalendar, or the clog- 
almanac, when a larger number stands, not next, but next but one 
(tercio ordine) to the smaller one preceding it, subtracting eleven from 
the last number so as never to exceed nineteen, or adding eight, where 
it is possible. 

I. 151. ' Sedfac ienda locis. Hie ponit actor exceptiones et primo 
ponit instantias siue exceptiones in vi. mensibus paribus.' (i. e. Feb. 3 ; 
Apr. 6 ; June 4 ; Aug. 2 ; Oct. 3 ; and Dec. 4.) ' Secundo ponit alias 
sex, factas in sex vltimis mensibus.' , Pynson. 

II. 1523. In the epacts for the last year of the lunar cycle of 
nineteen years, the number xii is used in place of xi, so that there 
may be 210 epacts instead of 209, to make the lunar approximate the 
solar cycle. This is called the ' Moon's Leap/ taking place on 
July 30, on SS. Abdon and Sennen's day, ' locus saltus lunae ', which 
is then reckoned as the first lunation instead of the thirtieth ; and on 
Aug. i is the thirtieth lunation instead of the second (Hampson, Medii 
Aevi KaL ii. 1 1 2). ' Bla, si, nus, Steph, ore, iunge' apparently indicates 
Feb. 3, Apr. 4, June 2, Aug. 3, Oct. 2, and Dec. i, the days of 
SS. J9/aise, Ambro.mis, Marcelli#j, Steph-axu. papae, Leodegarii, and 
Eligii. Alcuin wrote several letters, cir. 797-8 (Epp. 76, 82, 84, 86), 
and six Problemala, de Saltu lunae. 

Locus saltus (secundum Romanos) is marked in some of the Kalendars 
printed by Hampson (Medi Aevi KaL i. 428, 430, 432, 459) and the 
twelfth-century Kalendar at Jesus Coll., Cambridge. 

July 30-31 Nov. 24 or 25. 

Sep. 24 (?) Jan. 22. 

'Luna facit sal turn Quintilis luce suprema' 
says Durandus, Rat. VIII. x. 5, i. e. on July 31. 



NOTES ON THE COMPOTUS MANUALIS 185 

11. 154-5. Rule ' pro situatione,' i.e. to teach what blank days are 
omitted after subtracting a golden number in the series of nineteen 
(see note on lines 130-4) in certain months because alternate lunar 
months are ' hollow ' (cavi), i. e. consisting of twenty-nine days instead 
of thirty. The lines, being more correctly given thus 

' Est sine din Febru. ; sine to 'pril, lunius, Augu. ; 
October sine que; bo vultque December abesse,' 
are sufficient to state that there is no blank day before golden number 
xj. (vndedm) in February ; viij. (odo) in [Ajpril, June, or August ; 
v. (^zque) in October, and ij. (ambo) in December. This will be 
seen in the left-hand margin of any Old Style Kalendar which marks 
the golden numbers. The ' hollow ' lunar months of twenty-nine 
days are Feb. Apr. June, Aug. Oct. and December. 

I. 156. 'Sex [Forsan leg. ' Sed'] alie resident in fex [leg. 'sex'] 
facie prope finem! The other (six) exceptions remain, made into six, 

in the latter months (July, &c.). 

II. 156-8. Compare the lines from the York Pye, pro numero 
aureo : ' Ternis. vn. din. nod. octo/ c. Also the Regula de eodem : 
' Fe. din. non dico. nee April to.' c., printed in Directorium Sacerdotum 
ii. 609, with Mr. Lunn's notes, on p. 610 (din = undeci'm; to = oc/0 
&c. &c., as explained in our note on line 153). Also compare the 
elucidation given by Durandus, Rat. Div. VIII. xi. 3, on the cryptic 
line 

'Mense brevis lunae /'ebrus est ars dzt c ito ^an-^er.' 

I. 158. ' Nos non debemus dicere Un. din. nod. sed vn. nod. din. : 
quia non est curandum quando luna primatur per alium numerum 
quam nouemdecim [i. e. ' nod.'] : quia tot accipimus iuncturas dicendo 
vn. nod. dm., sicut dicendo vn. din. nod.' Gloss, in Bodl. Auct. iv. Q. 
v. 50. (1488), &c. 

II. 159-64. To reckon the (lunar) epacts and golden numbers on 
the thumb of the left hand. Durandus speaks of this system in 
Rationale Divinorum, VIII. ix. 3. Divide the given year of our Lord 
by nineteen. Take the remainder and count it on the three joints 
of the thumb. If it ends up on the first joint, subtract one from the 
number (the previous remainder). If it ends upon the middle joint, 
add nine. If on the third joint, add nineteen. The result in each 
case will be the epact. 

11.165-7. On the lunar l regular es' see Durandi Rationale Di- 
vinorum, VIII. viii. 2. He gives the line 

' Die E. G. bis, /. K. bis ; et post manet ordo.' 
The lunar year beginning in September, assign E = 5 for the regulars 



1 86 ON THE OXFORD COMPUTUS (1520) 

of Sept. and Oct. Give G = 7 to Nov. and Dec., /= 9 to Jan. and 
Feb., J= 10 tp March and April; and then ' manet ordo' i.e. May, 
June, July and August will go on without skipping over any number, 
with n, 12, 13 and 14 for their respective lunar ' regular es' 

11.168-71. Mensis: Pynson. ' Numerus variabilis datus mensi ad 
inueniendum etatem lune in principio cuius est regularis lunaris in 
quolibet anno ... est numerus (xxx non excedens) qui iunctus cum 
epacta manifestat etatem lune cuiuslibet mensis anni, 6fc. Ad habendum 
originem regularium lunarium diuidendus est annus Solaris per xii., 
quantum potest, et facta diuisione remanent quinque, ita quod quinque, 
sunt pro regulari lunari, vel primo mense, scilicet in Septembri, qui 
est primus mensis apud Egyptiacos.' Almanack Ephemerides, 1506-7. 

11. 172-5. In the nineteen years of the lunar cycle there are twelve 

' common' years. The other seven are ' embolismal,' viz. the 3rd, 6th, 

8th, nth, 1 4th, 1 7th and ipthof the reformed kalendar. See Hampson, 

Kal. MediiAevi, ii. no. Durandus gives the memorial line for this: 

Cur jPles jfifas Zacrimas fdiosum (Quaere Tyrannum. 

(Rat. Div. VIII. x. 2.) 

11. 1 76-8. The embolismal or intercalated lunations of thirty days 
(that of the last or nineteenth year of the Metonic Cycle being apparently 
of only twenty-nine days) were, and are, introduced to make Paschal 
Term occur not before March 21. In Old Style they came at the end 
of those years in the cycle which had the golden numbers ij. v. vij. x. 
xiij. xvj. and xviij. The ' common ' year has twelve new moons, but 
the ' embolismal ' has an uneven number, thirteen. An ' uneven ' 
lunar month is the mensis cavus reckoned as twenty-nine days. (See 
note on lines 154-5.) Durandus, Rat. Div. VIII. vii, says that Feb., 
April, &c., are called the even months because they count by even 
numbers from January. 

11. 179-81. This memorial line is given in the York Pye 1 in the 
following form : 

' Mobilis zbo dfos ace /iber ^abeto <roeuum.' 

The initials M. i.e. a. 1. h. c. answer to the numbers 12. 9. 3. i. n. 8. 3. 
both of the year's alphabet, and of the lunations in the seven embolismal 
years of the metonic cycle, viz. those notedonlines 172-5. From line 181, 

' Prima dabit mensem, monstrabit et altera sedem,' 
we learn that each word stands for an embolismal lunation in one of 
the seven embolismal months. The initial letters, M. /., &c., show in 

1 See Extracta de Computo, from the Pica Ebor, or York Directorium, 1509-10, 
printed in appendix vi. to my Sarum Directorium Sacerdotum (H. Bradshaw Soc.), 
ii. p. 636. 



NOTES ON THE COMPOTUS MANUALIS 187 

which month of the year in question the embolismal month will be. 
See Durandus, Rationale, VIII. x. 3, who gives a different line with 
somewhat different import (' E' and 'Modo' giving us 5 and 12 instead 
of 9 and i). 

' Mobilis E\. Christum J/odo Liber Habeto Coeuuni.' 

11. 182-92. The l c laves terminorum festorum mobilium' are 19 
in number, and here run (at intervals) between n and 40. The 
numbers here stated are 25, 13, 30, 19, 7, to be adapted to the five 
fingers (pofijex, in[dex~\, medius, medi[cus~\, and minimus). The rule 
seems to be 

'Ascertain the golden number of your year. Look above that 
number for the clavis. Then find the word clavis of the movable 
feast, as it is set in the kalendar, and count down from it as many days 
as the numeral which you found in your tabula clavium. Then the 
nearest Sunday after that point will be the Sunday for the required feast.' 

11. 185-6. See the explanation of these lines by Durandus, Rat. 
Div. VIII. xii. 2. 

11. 190-1. If you want to find Septuagesima or Quadragesima in 
a leap-year, you must add a unit to the clavis which you ascertain ; 
and if this brings you to Feb. 24, then you must subtract one. 

11. 197-8. These lines appear thus (less metrically) in the Sarum 
Manuale, I523 1 . 'Primula G. lani, supremaque; Or.-que secunda 
Martis ; et Aprilis G. tertia, (r.-que secunda.' 

They imply that the 

first Sunday letter G. in Jan. (Jan. 7) gives Claves Septuagesimae 

last G. in (Jan. 28) Claves Quadragesimae 

second G. in March (Mar. n) gives Claves Paschae 

third G- in April (Apr. 1 5) gives Claves Rogationum 

last G. (Apr. 29) Claves Pentecostes. 

11. 199-203. The earliest date for 

Septuagesima, Quadragesima, Pasc/ia, Rogationum, Pentecostes is 
on St. Prism. ' Fe<5r# ' eras Be<?dicti eras Mara' Nko/ai transl. 
eras Jan. 18. Feb. 8. Mar. 21. Apr. 26. May 10. 

(see line 96). 

In Harl. 955 the regula pro festis ends ' Pris.-bru. ne -ci. Gor. dato 
sedem.' 

This shows first that in our Oxford line ' no,' which puzzled me, may 

be a misprint for 'ne,' as ' Be-^-dicti ' represents March 20-22 in 

our io6th line. Secondly, the fact that the Kalendar of Shepeherdes, 

1506 (iii. 1 6), reads ' lo. latin, nic.^wfgonii] ' where our Oxford book 

1 Durandus has another version (Rationale Divinorum, VIII. xii. 3). 



1 88 ON THE OXFORD COMPUTUS (1520} 

has (for May 6-10) ' lo. beuerlac^w,' illustrates those ' variations of 
use ' to which reference was made in lines 119-23, above. 

11. 200-2. ' Radix indicts ' is the bottom joint (within the palm) of 
the forefinger. ' Domini luxj &c. The Sunday following will be the 
festival required. 

11. 203-6. Easter cannot fall earlier than March 22, nor later than 
April 25. St. Matthias Day is on the second (intercalated) F. vi Kal. 
Mart, (bis-sexf) in a leap-year ; and, if that be a Saturday, it is trans- 
ferred to Monday. This rule is given in the Sarum Pye under 2 G, 
though not under i G. (See Direct. Sacerd. ii. 494, 506.) 

11. 207-11. 'Quilibet A. dat vnam ebdomadam, et conuertendo 
dies non debemus computare A. indicis, quia est ebdomada . . . 
Quelibet iunctura non tacta retro A. indicis, nisi tangamus A. indicis 
mouet, i. e. remouet, vnam diem. Et nota quod iuncture pollicis non 
computawtur hie ... Ista littera A. indicis in subungula eius dat 
ebdomadas (septimanas) pro festis mobilibus a natiuitate Domini, i.e. 
ostendit nobis distantiam a Nat. Dom. vsque ad festa mobilia, 
quia iiij. pro Septuagesima, deinde vii. pro Quadragesima, tridecim 
pro Pascha, et xviii. pro Rogationibus, et xx. pro Penthecoste, queque 
littera tacta per situationem post illas ebdomadas dat vnum diem, i.e. tot 
dies debemus addere cum predictis ebdomadis quot sunt iuncture ab 
indicis vsque ad dominicam sequentem numerum aureum.' Pynson. 

11.213-15. From Whitsunday to St. John. 'Debemus ponere 
sex ebdomadas supra G. indicis, postea debemus inuenire festum 
mobile post aureum numerum anni de quo querimus, et quot erunt 
iuncture vsque ad festum mobile, tot dies habemus remouere ab aliis vi. 
ebdomadis : si vero festum sit citra G. indicis, tot debemus addere dies 
cum illis sex ebdomadis, quot sunt iuncture, citra G. indicis, et sic 
ista regula contraria est regule precedenti.' Pynson. 

11. 215-21. 'Nota quod xxix ebdomade possunt esse a pentecoste 
vsque ad aduentum Domini, et non plures, sed bene pauciores. Si 
penthecostes sit prope festum B. lohannis bapt. tune sunt pauciores 
septimane a penthecoste vsque ad Aduentum Domini, vnde semper 
a Nat. B. lo. Bapt. sunt : xxii. septimane cum .V. diebus . . . xxix. 
ebdomade volunt poni supra A. indicis ; sed quelibet B. ab ilia A. 
vsque ad festum mobile remouet vnam septimanam, non curando de 
diebus. Pynson. 

11. 222-7. The four seasons, spring, summer, &c., are thus said to 
begin on St. Peter's Chair (Feb. 22), St. Urban (May 25), Symphorian 
(Aug. 22), and St. Clement (Nov. 23), respectively. This is more 
concisely expressed in the old lines 



NOTES ON THE COMPOTUS MANUALIS 189 

' Dat Clemens J hyemem : dat Petrus ver, cathedratus : 

Estuat Vrbanus : autumnat Bartholomeus.' 

(St. 'Bartholomew, Brings the cold dew,' on Aug. 24, not the 22nd 
according to this version.) 

11. 228-30. The last of these lines for Ember weeks, the ' quattuor 
tempora ' or ' angariae ' as they are here called, as Bede had called 
them 2 , from the service of a messenger or ayyapos, is unsatisfactory 
as it omits the week which follows Ash Wednesday (properly 
designated by ' Cineres ' in the previous couplet). ' Pen', or 
' carismata dya,' indicates the pentecostal or Whitsun ember week, 
preparatively to the Trinity ordinations. Cru(x) and Luci(d) give 
Holy Cross day (the Exaltation, Sept. 14), and St. Lucy's day 
(Dec. 13) which regulate the other 'church quarter days/ as Abp. 
Benson used to call the Ember days. Another version is : 
Post Cineres, Pneuma, post Crucem, postque Lucyam 
Mercurii, Veneris, Sabbato, ieiunia fiant.' 
Durandus says : 

' Vult Crux, Lucia, cineres, charismata dia, 
Vt det vota pia, quarta sequens feria/ 

Rat. Divin. VIII. iii. 22. 

' After bran, pen, cro, lucy, the embrynge dayes is set for every man 
to fast.' Kalendar of Shepeherdes (iii. 15). 

We have explained ' bran[dones\' on p. 156, above. See also our 
footnote on 11. 254-6, below. 

11. 230-33. Days of Fasting are Christmas Eve, Whitsun Eve, 
St. John's Eve, and the Vigils of St. John and the Assumption. Also 
those of the Letania Maior (St. Mark's), SS. Peter, Andrew, Paul, 
Simon and Jude, and Matthew. 

11. 235-7. The dies aegrtor aegyptiaci are unlucky days (according 

1 Du Cange reads ' Elizabet hyemem/ i.e. Nov. 19. Durandus gives a rather 
different version : 

' Festum dementis hyemis caput est orientis. 
Cedit hyems retro, cathedrato Symone Petro. 
Ver fugat Vrbanus : Aestatem, Symphorianus. 
Id tibi quod restat Autumni tempora praestat.' 

Rationale Divinorum, VIII. iii. 21. 

* Bedae Opera, \, 266 (fol. Basil. 1563). ' Angariae were carriages drawn by 
post-horses; or obligations to provide such horses' (Hampson, Kal. Medii Aevi, 
ii. 14). Mabillon (Her Germanicum) says that the Germans paid their taxes 
(which were similarly obligatory) quarterly, and accordingly gave the name 
' angariae ' to the quarterly ember days, when the taxes were due. ( Veterum 
Analecta, p. 14.) Cf. Synod. Wigorn., A.D. 1240. Spelman's Concilia, ii. 
259. 



I 9 o ON THE OXFORD COMPUTUS (1520) 

to the wisdom of the Egyptians) l . There are two in each month (so 
that there are twelve words, reading 'allies' for 'ab eis ' in the 
memorial distich), one counted from the beginning and one from the 
end of the month, specified in the familiar lines : 

' Prima dies mensis, et septima truncat ut ensis,' &c. 
frequently prefixed to Januarius, &c., in old kalendars 2 . ' Septima ' 
here indicates January 25, i.e. the seventh day reckoning upwards from 
Jan. 31. In our distich the first word 'Augurio' does duty for the 
line just quoted, for the first month, January, a and g being respectively 
the ist and the 7th letter. 

Each month-word is so constructed as to contain two syllables (at 
least), and the first letter of each of the two syllables is given its 
numerical value, Au-Gurio thus indicates the first day from the 
beginning and the seventh day from the end of the first month, which 
were supposed to be avoided as unlucky for blood-letting, &c. In like 
manner, for February, ' Zte-Cies ' (or Di-Ces) indicates the number 4 
(from the beginning) and 3 from the end of that month, as the line runs : 
'Quarta subit mortem : prosternit iercia fortem.' And so with the rest, 
as I have explained in Directorium Sacerdotum, ii. 621-3. With the 
Computus of 1523 it would be better to read '/u-wine' (for 
' nomine ') as answering to ' Denus et undenus est mortis vulnere 
plenus ' in April. (' <z<5ies ' is better than ' ab eis ' for August, as it is 
undesirable to devote two words to one month.) The Computus of 
1523, &c., reads '/er-mla' (which is wrong) for November. Durandus 
gives 'ex-cute' ; but our 'es-cu\a.' amounts to the same result. 

1. 238. ' Omnibus in reliquis/ &c., i. e. never drop your h's except 
in this reckoning of letters for numerals, where a-g = 1-7 ; i, k, /, m, 
=8-i2; o, p, q= 13, 14, 15. The entire alphabet would not 
supply sufficient numerating letters for a month of thirty days or so, 
but this device of counting from each end enables us to make shift 
with fifteen letters (the sixteenth day of a thirty-one-day month being, 
happily, never unlucky), and the system has the advantage of 
corresponding with the retrograde counting in the latter part of the 
monthly lines, ' Prima dies mensis,' &c. The result given is that the Dies 
aegri are Jan. i and 25; Feb. 4 and 26; Mar. i and 28; Apr. 10 and 
20; May 3 and 25; June 10 and 16; July 13 and 22; Aug. i and 30; 
Sept. 3 and 21 ; Oct. 2 and 22 ; Nov. 5 and 28 ; and Dec. 7 and 22. 

1 One interpretation tells us that the Plagues of Egypt (of which we read, how- 
ever, of only nine or ten ; i. e. nine strokes, and one concluding judgement} fell 
upon, or were connected with, these twenty-four ' bad ' days. See our subsequent 
observations. As to the unlucky hours, see our note on lines 239-40, below. 

1 See (e.g.) pp. 46,68. 



NOTES ON THE COMPOTUS MANUAL1S 191 

11. 239-40. Following the hint to discard ( ff,' and making a two- 
fold alphabet of a decad apiece (A-G, /, K, L = 1-7, 8, 9, 10 ; and 
M-X = i-io), by using only two letters near the beginning of each 
word in the memorial couplet, I get a series of numerals so nearly 
approaching the tenor of the lines at the bottom of the months in the 
Missale Romanum of 1474 (' Prima parit bellum : sed quinta dat 
hora flagellum/ &c.), that I have little doubt that our couplet indicates 
unlucky hours in the dies Egyptiaci. They seem to be as follows : in 
Jan. i, 5; Feb. 8, 10; Mar. i, 2 ; Apr. i (?) ; May 6, io;June (?), 4; 
July (?); Aug. i, 7; Sept. 3, 4; Oct. 5 (?); Nov. (?), 4; Dec. i, 6. 
11. 239-40. ' J/en/alus z'l/ud h^et,' &c. These lines (as Pynson 
explains) contain twelve words, one for each month. The first letter 
of each word indicates the hour in which God sent a plague upon the 
Egyptians, in the first half of the month. The first letter of the second 
syllable of the same word shows the hour in which God sent the 
plague in the end of the month. Thus the word ' Men.-fa\\*s ' gives 
the twelfth and sixth letters of the alphabet to show that it was in the 
twelfth hour of one day (Jan. i , as we know from ' Prima dies 
mensis,' or from the word 'Au-gurio'), and in the sixth hour of a 
day late in the month (viz. the seventh from the end : ' septima 
truncat vt ensem, or '^urio). And so on. These lines imply that 
there were twenty-four plagues of Egypt. The Jewish Rabbis reckon 
that there were forty or fifty plagues in Egypt, and two hundred at the 
Red Sea, as they multiply each of the Ten Plagues by four or five, 
because the Everlasting (Blessed is He) sent upon them four (or 
five) chastisements with each of the ten plagues, viz. his anger 
(and wrath), indignation, and trouble, and sent evil angels among 
them. (Psalm Ixxviii. 49, 50.) Also they observe that the hand 
(Exod. xiv. 31) is equivalent to five times the finger of God (Exod. 
viii. 19). See Service for the Two Nights of Passover, 8vo, 18323, 
p. 15. (Ashkenazic Ritual, Haggadah.} 

Pynson hereupon says : ' Quod autem sint .x. plage principales 
patet per hos versus : 

Prima rubens vnda : ranarum plaga secunda. 

Inde culex tristis : punisca notantur in * istis. 

Quinta pecus sternit, sed viscera sexta crepauit*. 

Inde subit grando : post brucus dente nephando 

Nona tegit solem : paruam tegit vltima prolem.' 

Directorium Sacerdotum, ii. 636. 

1 ' post musca nociuior istis' : MS. Arund. 507. 
* ' strauit : vesicam sexta parauit.' id. 



1 92 ON THE OXFORD COMPUTUS (1520} 

11. 241-5. The York Pye of 1509-10 defines the Indiction as 'a 
space of fifteen years, or three lustra, devised by the Romans,' and 
adds the lines : 

Per te quinque solet indiccio tola notari. 

Ter quinos Domini (quotiens potis) aufer ab annis. 

Quod, tribus adiunctis, manet est indiccio presens. 
Similarly Durandus in Rat. Divin. VIII. v. 9 gives the lines : 

Si tribus adiunctis Domini diuiseris annos, 

Per te, quinque, datur indictio certificata. 

' To find the Indiction, add 3 to the numeral of the year in 
question. Divide by 15, and the remainder is the Indiction/ The 
Imperial Indiction (formerly noted in this country) began on Sept. 24, 
viz. '4 + 3 days before October i,' as the Latin line says. Pynson 
explains that the indiction was a period of fifteen years, or three 
lustra, devised by the Romans so as to tax the subjects of the empire 
at the end of each lustrum for these several purposes: (i) to pay for 
armour, (2) for paying troops, and (3) to replenish the public 
treasury. Our Lord's Nativity took place three years after the 
beginning of an Indiction. 'Indictio renouatur singulis annis .vii. 
diebus ("quattuor et tribus") ante Octobrem, h. e. 24 Sept.' 

I. 243. ' Dant centum gentos.' Si diuiseris annos ab incarnatione 
Domini per .xv., adiunges iii. annos his predictis, inditio, i.e. illud 
spacium temporis sit presens. De mille [annis] diuisis per .xv., 
remanent .x. ; et ex centum, diuisis per .xv., remanent gentes, hoc 
est, decem. Pynson. (I suppose the form gentos, or gentes, was 
deduced from 'vi-ginti/ 'tri-ginta,' &c.) 

II. 246-53. The ' littera tabularis.' For the understanding of the 
kalendar 'the Mayster Sheparde,' next to the golden number and 
Sunday letter, mentions as requisite ' the letter tabuler in the whiche 
lyeth all the chefe knowledge of this kalender. 

' For the whiche letter and noumber, to vnderstonde that that they 
wolde, whether it be past or to come, ye shall put 3 fygures after the 
kalender, of the whiche the fyrste shall shewe the valure and declara- 
cyon of the two other. 

' And it is to be vnderstande that in foure yeres there is one bysext, 
the whiche hath one daye more then the other ; and also, as two Latters 
Dominycals [i.e. Sunday letters] sygned in one of the foresayde 
fygures and chaunges the letter daye of saynt mathewe [read 
1 Mathye '], as the whiche vigyll is put with the day vpon the one letter 
by hymselfe.' Kalender of the Shepeherdes, iii. 13. The 'exposycyon, 
valour and sygnyficacyon of the letters of the tabular fygure ' is 



NOTES ON THE COMPOTUS MANUALIS 193 

printed as a table on p. 33, and 'the fygure to fynde the lettre 
tabulare,' on p. 34 of the third part (i.e. the text of 1506) of the 
book just mentioned. In the former there are thirty-five lines to the 
table (as there are thirty-five sections in the Pye, or thirty-five days on 
which Easter may fall in five weeks from March 22 to April 25). 
The first column consists of an italic series of Sunday letters recurring 
(starting, and ending likewise, with D). The next column consists of 
a series of ' Tabuler letires,' viz. the black alphabet from 6 to ij, followed 
by a to r, perhaps intended to be metrical. The rest of the table 
shows on what day certain movable feasts fall, the intervals between 
them, and the day of the week on which Christmas Day will 
occur. 

I. 250. ' Terminal in .q.' The ' tabular letters ' are continued (but 
only to the extent of three columns) one line further to d. r. xxij. in the 
Kalendar of Shepeherds (iii. 33). But as this line (the thirty-sixth) is 
not carried through, this also may be said to 'end up with q' 
(not r). 

II. 254-6. In the second column these 'tabular letters' mark 
octaves (or weeks), b-n-v-g-o. (p and q follow in this second, or 
rubricated, alphabet to conclude the table, unless r be included.) 
The former, or black, alphabet ends with (x, ty, 3 being discarded), 
and is followed by a of the ' second ' (or red] alphabet. 

But why does ' b ' at the outset of the column of tabular letters 
' give six weeks ' ? 

' Hie docet auctor valorem alphabetorum, dicens quod B. primi 
allphabeti est littera tabularis : habemus in illo anno vi. ebdomadas et 
iii dies inter natiuitatem Domini et brandones 1 , quando F. septem, 
quando N. octo, quando U nouem, et iste litere sunt primi alphabeti ; 
quando G. secunda, i. e. littera G. secundi alphabeti est littera 
tabularis, habemus x., quando 0, xi [ebdomadas]. Et sic habemus 
litteras principales tabulares, quarum quattuor sunt primi alphabeti, 
scilicet B. F. N. et U, et due secundi, viz. G. et O. Alie autem 
littere, sequentes istas litteras principales, addunt tot dies quot sunt 
littere post litteram principalem : quando aliqua littera non principalis 
est tabularis, tune sunt tot septimane a natiuitate Domini vsque ad 

1 brandones : lit. torches. The early days of Lent were so called, because boys 
used then to go about with torches. See Ducange, sub voc., and cf. E. K. Chambers, 
Mediaeval Stage (1903), i. 302 ., 327, 373. (Roi des Braies, at Laon. But this 
last was not in Lent.) Mr. J. G. Nail noted the word brandon =-a wisp of straw, 
as found in use in Norfolk (in the neighbourhood of Great Yarmouth and Lowestoft), 
1866. But it seems to be obsolete. Engl. Dialect Diet., sub vocibus 'grand' 
and ' Brandon. 1 



194 



ON THE OXFORD COMPUTUS (1520}. 



quadragesimam, quot erunt si littera principalis precedens illam 
minus principalem esset tabularis cum tot diebus quot sunt ab ilia 
littera principal! precedente vsque ad litteram tabularem, tamen in 
anno bissextili debet superaddi vna dies propter bissextum.' (Pynson's 
Almanack Ephemerides, 1506-7, fo. 35.) 

1. 255. ' Predictis O. dabit, i. e. addet, vnam ebdomadam, B. addidit 
.Hi. dies initiales ebdomadis, i.e. cum ipsis ebdomada queque littera 
sequens addidit i. diem premissis, i. e. cum predictis vna dies vult 
superaddi anno bissextili' (id. fo. 35 b ). 



Preliminary Note to the Ancient Kalendar of Paris. 

IN the following passage Ant. Wood points out the connexion 
between the Oxford Kalendar and that of Paris: 

' Hearing and Reading used then (when this form 1 was prescribed) 
to be on festival days, which our antiquated statutes seldom admit, as 
the ancient Calendars before them direct; wherein the days of the 
year are distinguished by Le, and non Le, dis and non dis, and le.fe. 
that is " dies legibiles and non legibiles, disputabiles and non disputabiles, 
and dies legibiles festinanter" And as I have observed Le and dis 
days seldom or never point to festival days, because that those were 
appointed for uses of religion and recreation. But howsoever it was, 
the aforesaid form of hearing, admits and numbers festival days, which 
argues that that way is very ancient, as indeed it is, and if I mistake 
not, had its original from the University of Paris, divers of whose 
modes in Reading and Hearing we formerly followed.' Ant. Wood, 
The Hist, and Antiquities of the University of Oxford, ed. J. Gutch, 
Oxon. 4, 1792, i. p. 58. 

'Because of the more commodious ordering of Lectures now 
present, the University thought it necessary, to take away the 
difference of Le and non Le (Vide Corpus Stat. Univ. Oxon. 4*, 
ad finem Praefationis) " dierum vero Dis et Non Dis. discrimen iam 
olim in usu esse desiit (preterquam quoad disputationes quodlibeticas) " 
supervacuum fere videbatur, aliquot paginas onerare Calendario 
Kara TrAaros expanse ; Sufficere igitur visum est, dies non Dis. qui in 
singulis Terminis occurrunt in sequenti tabella KO.& 6/x,a8a exhibere. 

Termino : 

Michaelis Octob. 12, 17, 27, 31; Novemb. 5, 7, 10, 15, 19; 

Decembris 5. 
Hilarii lanuar. 19, 24; Febr. i, 2, 21, 23, 27; Mart. 6, II, 16, 

19, 24 ; Aprilis 3. 

Paschatis Apr. 3, 22, 24, 28, 30 ; Maii 2, 5, 14, 18, 23 ; lunii 7. 
Trinitatis Maii 23 ; lun. 7, 10, 15, 23, 28 ; lulii I. 

' I find certain Oxford Scholars desire Vacancy about the beginning 

1 This form : the Form of hearing books in Arts, e. g. Liber Ethicorum, for four 

whole months, numbering the festival days Algorismus, Sphera, Comfotus, 

eight days a-piece, &*(.&?. See above, pp. 18, 27, 33-4. 

O 2 



196 FOURTEENTH-CENTURY KALENDAR 

of Hen. III. in these Rythmes following (Inter Carmina Mich. 
Cornubiensis sive Blauncpaine, Poetae Oxon. temp. Hen. Ill, MS.) l . 

doctrinis vir praeclare, Cuius census 2 tanquam mare Redundat 

in medium : 

Nihil posco singulare, Sed adducor explicare Voces unus omnium. 
Omnes tuae potestati Sumus ultro subiugati, Nee verentes alium, 
Sed iam diu fatigati Non valemus ultra pati Scholas et ieiunium. 
Non est ergo rationis Quod iam dudum non imponis Lectori 

silentium ; 

Passes iugum Pharaonis, Festum Resurrectionis Invitat ad gaudium. 
Quod diffundor in sermones Tot allegans rationes Pro pace Scho- 

larium : 
Ut suspendas Lectiones Et ad tempus nobis dones Quiescendi 

spatium. 

Ergo cleri flos divine, Respirare parum sine Quos vexavit studium, 
Ne iam tuae disciplinae Nobis fiant displicinae 3 Vergentes in 

taedium. Amen. 

' Which Rythmes, with the title going before them * (which I have 
omitted) doth evidently shew, that Festival days were not free from 
Exercise, as indeed they were, not only then (temp. Hen. Ill) but in 
the reigns of Edw. I and II ; for, as our old books (B. fol. 57, 74 ; 
C. fol. 1 8 &c. et in D. fol. 8, &c.) shew, not only Lectures, but Con- 
gregations, were on those days performed and solemnised.' Hist, 
and Antiq. of Univ. Oxon., Wood-Gutch, 4, 1792, II. ii. 815-17. 
' In one of the University Calendars (which I suppose is ancient) 

1 find in the time of Vacation Le and Non Le days, and after the 
cessation of the Regent Masters Le Fe. often to occur; but such 
Readings, especially in Divinity relating to the reading "Biblium-\biblice" 
did not go pro forma. (Ut videtur in B, fol. 46 <5.) ' Hist. &c. 
Wood-Gutch, II. ii. 817. 

1 Michael Blannpayn, surnamed 'the Cornishman' or 'the Englishman,' a 
student, perhaps at Oxford, or, as C. L. Kingsford (Diet. Nat. Biog. xxxvii. 326) 
thinks more probable, at Cambridge, and Paris, flourished about 1250. See, 
under ' Johannes Cornubiensis,' Tanner, Bibl. p. 432 . He is said to have been 
Dean of Utrecht. The poem on the removal of the Cathedral Church from Old 
Sarum to Salisbury, ascribed by its recent editor, Mr. A. R. Maiden, to Henry of 
Avranches, has been sometimes attributed to Blaunpayn. His ' Versus contra 
H. Abrincenscm* (' Archipoeta vide: quod non sit cura tibi de') are found in MS. 
Bodl. O. C. 3041, and Camb. Univ. Ff. vi. 13, and elsewhere. 

a sensus : Hist, et Antiq. Oxon. (latine), ed. 1674; ii. 29. Cf.'3 Regum, iv. 29. 

* disciplinae: ed. Gutch; displicinae (melius) ed. lat. fol. 1674. loc. cit. 

4 There is no title in MS. Cotton. Vesp. D. 5. See Additional Note. 



KALENDAR OF THE UNIVERSITY 
OF PARIS 

FOURTEENTH TO SIXTEENTH CENTURY 
KALENDARIUM AD USUM UNIVERSITATIS PARISIENSIS 

THE fourteenth-century kalendar of the University of Paris has 
been edited by Denifle and Chatelain in Chartularium Univ. Parisiensis, 
vol. ii (appendix), pp. 709-16, in 1891. The text is that of the 
kalendar of the 'Picard Nation' of students from the fourteenth- 
century MS. of Bibl. S. Genovefae, E. i. 29. Later insertions (sixteenth 
century), marked by italics, are further noted (here) by the 
addition of 'saec. 16.' 

Notice also is taken of readings from the following MSS. : 

Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris, Lat. 12461, saec. xiv exeuntis. 

Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris, Lat. 4831, ante ann. 1452, ' BN' 

Arsenal MS. 1121, saec. xv = ' Anl! 

Phillipps MS. 2863. 

By kind permission of M. Chatelain, courteously obtained for us by 
M. L. Delisle, we are enabled to include this interesting document in 
our appendix by way of illustrating the origin of our English Uni- 
versity kalendars l . 

[Chartularium Universitatis Parisiensis, edd. H. Denifle et Aemil. 
Chatelain. 4. Paris, 1891. Vol. II. Appendix, pp. 709-16.] 

1 The editors of the Chartulary of Paris University refer to an edition of the 
text of the Paris Kalendar in B. N. Latin. 4831 which has appeared in Vallet de 
Viriville's Hist, de P Instruction publ., pp. 366-77. Also, to the Kalendar in the 
Liber Rectoris (Brit. Mus. MS. Add. 17304), which is not so full as the kalendar 
here reproduced. 



198 FOURTEENTH-CENTURY KALENDAR 

KALENDARIUM AD USUM UNIVERSITATIS PARISIENSIS. 

IANUARIUS. 

lani prima dies et septima fine timetur 1 . 
(lanuarius habet dies XXXI, luna XXX**.) 

1 A Kal. Circumcisio Domini. Non legitur in aliqua Facul- 

tate. 

2 B iiii Octava Sancti Stephani. 

3 C Hi Sancte Genovephe virginis. Non legitur in theo- 

logia, nee in decretis : tamen legitur in aliis. 
['Non legitur, quia scole sunt in parochia eius' 
(sc. S. Genov.) Anl.~] 

4 D ii 

5 E Nonas. Hac die, que est vigilia Epiphanie, non legitur ultra 

terciam in vico Straminis 2 , nee in nonis Nostre 
Domine in vico Brunelli s . 

6 F viii Epiphania Domini. Non legitur in aliqua Facultate. 

[' Festum Alemanorum.' BN.~\ 

7 G vii In crastinum [Epiphanie] in vico Brunelli non legi- 

tur; in aliis tamen legitur. 

8 A vi Hac die reincipiunt ordinarie magistri in vico Stra- 

minis. 

9 B v Hac die non legitur ultra terciam in vico Straminis 

propter reverentiam beati [Guillelmi]. 

10 C iiii Guillelmi Bituricensis archiepiscopi. Non legitur 
in aliqua Facultate. [' Festum nacionis Francie.' 



11 D Hi Pauli primi heremite. Non legitur in aliqua Facul- 

tate. Fit sermo in Augustinensibus eo die. 

12 E ii 

13 F Idus. Invencio sancti Firmini episcopi Ambianensis et 

martiris. Non legitur in aliqua Facultate. (' -"/<?- 
ctio procuratoris' Add. saec. 16.) [' Festum Am- 
bianensium.' 



1 On the Egyptian Days see above, pp. 39, 46, 190. And compare Baehrens, 
Poetae latini minores, v. pp. 354, foil. 

* Vicus Straminis (or Stramineus), ' Rue du Fouarre ' in the Quartier Latin, in 
which stood the Arts-Schools, where the floors were strewed with straw. See 
Rashdall, Univ. of Europe, i. 342. 

3 Vicus Brunelli : the Schola Decretorum stood in the ' Clos Bruneau,' near 
' Rue S. Jacques,' Rashdall, i. 401. 

4 The Four principal ' Nations ' in the University were those of France (and 
Latin peoples), Picardy (and Low Countries), Normandy, and England (with which 
Germans, and Northern peoples were combined). There were other subdivisions, as 
the names of the special feasts (Alemannorum, Ambianensis, &c.) show. 



KALENDAR OF THE UNIVERSITY OF PARIS 199 

140 xix Nota quod die martis proxima post festum Epiphanie 
doctores decretorum reincipiunt legere in decretis, 
et continuare debent usque ad Vigiliam Palma- 
rum. 

15 A xviii 

1 6 B xvii Mauri abbatis et confessoris. Festive. Et non 

legitur in decretis: tamen legitur in decretalibus 
ilia die. 

17 C xvi Sancti Antonii abbatis et heremite. Non legitur in 

vico Brunelli : legitur tamen in aliis. [' Festum 
Burgundorum. Burgundi solent supplicare.' BNJ\ 

1 8 D xv Sol in Aquario. 

19 E xiv 

20 F xiii Fabiani et Sebastiani. Non legitur in vico Bru- 

nelli; tamen legitur in aliis. (Festive.) 

21 G xii Agnetis virginis et martiris. Festive. Et in die 

precedent}, festive. 

22 A xi Vincentii levite et martiris. Non legitur in aliqua 

Facultate. 

23 B x 

24 C ix 

25 D viii Convercio sancti Pauli. Non legitur in aliqua Fa- 

cultate. 

26 E vii Policarpi episcopi et martiris. Festive. 

27 F vi luliani episcopi et confessoris; et lohannis Criso- 

stomi. Cursorie. Et non legitur in vico Bru- 
nelli ; tamen legitur in aliis. 

28 G v 

29 A iiii 

30 B hi 

31 C ii 

['In quocumque festo non legitur, in vigilia non 
disputatur.' manu recentiori^\ 



FEBRUARIUS. 

At februi quarta est ; precedit tertia finem. 
(Februarius habet dies XXVIII, luna XXIX.) 

D Kal. Hac die non legitur in aliqua Facultate ultra terciam, 
propter festum Purificacionis. 

E iiii Purificacio beate Marie Virginis. Eodem die fit 
sermo in Carmelitis. 

F iii Blasii episcopi et martiris. Non legitur in vico Bru- 
nelli. Legitur tamen in aliis. [Missa communis 
Uniuersitatis : Anl. 'Fit missa apud Predicatores 
pro animabus defunctorum Uniuersitatis.' 



2OO 



FOURTEENTH-CENTURY KALENDAR 



In crastinum sancti Blasii, non legitur in vico Brunelli; 

sed ilia die recuperatur crastinum Purificacionis. 
Agathe virginis et martins. Festive. 



(' Continuatio procuratoris] insert, saec. 16.) 
Nota quod usque ad quintam feriam sequentem, Hon 
legitur ordinarie, sed cursorie in vico Straminis. 

Nota quod in die qua cantatur ' Esto mihi' [Quin- 
quages.] rector debet sermocinare in lacobitis; et 
post eius sermonem legitur privilegium bejanorum J 
per unum bedellum : et postea fit sermo magnus. 

Nota quod in die carnisprivii non legitur in vico 
Brunelli, nee in vico Straminis: tamen legitur in 
aliis. [Sol in pisces.] 

Nota quod prima die Quadragesime [die Cinerum], 
non legitur in aliqua Facultate. Et eadem die de 
mane fit sermo in Cordigeris; sed non fit collatio 
ea die post prandium. [Sciendum est quod (non) 
legitur die carnisprivii non (al. 'nee') in die Cinerum: 
Anl (et PM.)] 



Cathedra sancti Petri. Non legitur in aliqua Facul- 
tate. Ver oritur. 

Mathie apostoli. Non legitur. Eadem die est Dedi- 
cacio ecclesie Sancti Dionysii in Francia, et sunt 
ibi ilia die magne indulgencie, et magnus concursus 
populi. 



Translacio sancti Augustini. Non legitur in aliqua 
Facultate; et fit sermo in Augustinis. 

['A die dominica ante carni-sprivium vsque ad quintam 
feriam post, non legitur ordinarie.' man. ra\] 



1 Bejani: freshmen were called in Paris (and in Scotland, &c.) by this name 
which means yellow-billed, unfledged birds, becs-jaunes (Rashdall, i. 288 ; ii. 
628-36). 





5 


A 


Nonas. 




6 


B 


viii 




7 


C 


vii 




8 


D 


vi 




9 


E 


V 




10 


F 


iiii 




ii 


G 


iii 




12 


A 


ii 




13 


B 


Idus. 




14 


C 


xvi 




15 


D 


XV 




16 


E 


xiiii 


(Chartu- 


J 7 


F 


xiii 


lar. Univ. 








Paris. 








p. 710.) 










18 


G 


xii 




19 


A 


xi 




20 


B 


X 




21 


C 


ix 




22 


D 


viii 




23 


E 


vii 




2 4 


F 


vi 




25 


G 


V 




26 


A 


iiii 




27 


B 


iii 




28 


C 


ii 



KALENDAR OF THE UNIVERSITY OF PARIS 201 



MARTIUS. 



Martis prima necat, cuius de cuspide quarta est. 
(Martius habet dies XXXI, luna XXX>.) 

i D Kal. Nota quod in omnibus sabbatis Quadragesime non 
legitur in aliqua Facultate post prandium, excepto 
in vico Brunelli. Et semper in predictis sabbatis 
in completorio fit collatio in Cordigeris. 



2 E 

3 F 

4 G 



VI 

V 

iiii 



5 A iii 

6 B ii 

7 C Nonas. 



8 D 

9 E 



10 F 

11 G 

12 A 



Vlll 

vii 



VI 

v 
iiii 



I3B iii 

14 C ii 

15 D Idus. 

16 E 

17 F 

18 G 

19 A 



xvu 
xvi 

XV 

xiiii 



20 B xiii 

2 1 C xii 



Nota quod bachalarii legentes de mane ordinarie, 
in vico Brunelli, debent in Quadragesima legere 
usquequo dimittitur pulsare pro primis in ecclesia 
cathedrali; et in omnibus aliis temporibus dimit- 
tunt statim quando incipiunt pulsarit pro primis in 
ecclesia cathedrali. 



Thome de Aquino, lacobite. Non legitur in aliqua 
Facultate. Eodem die fit sermo in lacobitis. 

Nota quod bachalarii in decretis, qui legunt in nonis' 
sancti lacobi ante Quadragesimam et post, legunt 
in terciis per totam Quadragesimam; similiter 
faciunt legentes bibliam. 

(' Procuraioris elec tio! insert, saec. 16.') 

Gregorii pape et doctoris Ecclesie. Non legitur in 
aliqua Facultate. 



Sol in Ariete. 

Nota quod ultima die legibili ordinarie ante festum 
Annunciacionis dominice, in vico Straminis, eodem 
die fit novus rector, et durat usque ad Vigiliam 
beati lohannis Baptiste. 

Benedicti abbatis. Non legitur in theologia nee in 
decretis : tamen legitur in aliis ; eodem die cursorie 
in vico Straminis. 



202 FOURTEENTH-CENTURY KALENDAR 

22 D xi 

23 E x Nota quod in Vigilia Annunciacionis dominice non 

legitur ultra terciam in vico Straminis, nee in vico 
Brunelli. 

24 F ix 

25 G viii Annunciacio dominica beate Marie. Non legitur in 

aliqua Facultate. 

26 A vii In crastino [Annunciationis] non legitur in vico 

Brunelli : tamen legitur in omnibus aliis. 

27 B vi Nota quod in die iovis albi, in die beati Veneris, et 

in Vigilia Pasche [i.e. tres dies ante Pascha], 
semper fit sermo in Cordigeriis . post prandium, 
sed non ante. 

28 C v 

29 D iiii Nota quod in Augustinensibus, in die beati Veneris 

[Parasceve], de mane fit sermo in Lombardo, in 
Theutonico, in Gallico, una et eadem hora in tribus 
locis in ilia domo. 

30 E iii 

31 F ii 

Nota quod in Vigilia Palmarum, et in die mercurii 
proxima sequenti, in nonis Nostre Domine non 
legitur in vico Brunelli. 

Item nota quod a IIII< feria ante magnum Pascha 
usque ad diem iovis post idem festum, non legitur 
in aliqua Facultate. 

[' Notandum quod a die veneris ante Ramos palmarum 
in quo disputatur de Quoltbet, non legitur ordinarie 
vsque ad diem martis post oct. Pasche.' Anl. 
'Ultima die legibili ordinarie ante festum Annun- 
ciacionis B. Marie eligitur rector. A ,vj. feria ante 
Ramos palmarum vsque [ad diem martis] post 
Quasimodo , non legitur ordinarie. Feria .vj. post 
Ramos non legitur.' man. rec^\ 



APRILIS. 

Aprilis decima est ; undena a fine terminetur [/. timetur] J . 
(Aprilis habet dies XXX, luna XXIX.) 

(* Chartu- i G Kal. Nota quod doctores in decretis non legunt a Vigilia 
lar. Univ. Pasche floride [dominicae in Ramis] usque ad 

Paris., diem martis post ' Quasimodo ' [dominicam in 

Albis]. 

1 mina[tur]. Hampson, i. 425. 



KALENDAR OF THE UNIVERSITY OF PARIS 203 

2 A iiii 

3 B iii 

4 C ii Sancti Ambrosii episcopi et confessoris, et Ecclesie 

doctoris. Non legitur in aliqua Facultate. 

5 D Nonas. 

6 E viii 

7 F vii ('Procurations continuation insert, saec. 16.) 

8 G vi 

9 A v 
10 B iiii 
r i C iii 

12 D ii 

13 E Idus. 

14 F xviii 

15 G xvii 

16 A xvi 

1 7 B xv Sol in Tauro. [' De translatione S. Ludovici regis fit 
festum die martis post festum Ascensionis Domini.' 
~ 



1 8 C xiiii 

19 D xiii 

20 E xii 

21 F xi 

22 G x Revelacio corporum sanctorum Dionisii sociorumque 

eius. Eodem die sunt magne indulgencie in 
Sancto Dionisio. 

23 A ix Georgii martins. Festive. Non legitur in vico 

Brunelli : tamen legitur in aliis Facultatibus. 

24 B viii 

25 C vii Marci evangeliste. Letania maior. Non legitur 

alicubi. 

26 D vi Dedicacio Sancte Capelle palacii regis Francie. In 

ilia die et per octavam sunt ibi magne indulgencie 
et magnus concursus populi. 

27 E v 

28 F iiii 

29 G iii 

30 A ii Petri lacobite et martiris. Non legitur in aliqua 

Facultate, excepto in vico Straminis, ubi tune 
legitur cursorie. Et eodem die fit sermo in 
lacobitis. 

[' A festis Pasche et Penthecostes, usque ad .v. feriam 
post, non legitur. In Vigiliis Pasche, Ascensionis, 
Penthecostes, Trinitatis et Sacramenti, non legitur 
vltra terciam.' man. rec.~\ 



204 FOURTEENTH-CENTURY KALENDAR 



MAIUS. 

Tertius in maio lupus est, et septimus anguis. 
(Maius habet dies XXXI, luna XXX** ) 

1 B Kal. Philippi et lacobi apostolorum. Non legitur alicubi. 

2 C vi 

3D v Invencio Sancte Crucis. Non legitur alicubi. 

4 iiii 

5 F iii (* Electio procurators'. Insert, saec. 16.) 

6 G ii lohannis ante portam Latinam. Non legitur ab'cubi. 

7 A Nonas. 

8 B viii In Vigilia ante noctem sancti Nicolai non legitur 

ultra terciam in vico Straminis, nee in nonis Beate 
Marie in vico BrunellL 

9 C vii Translacio sancti Nicolai episcopi et confessoris. 

Non legitur. Estatis initium. ['Fit missa facul- 
tatis.' Anl.~\ 

10 D vi ('In crastino [Translations] non legitur in vico Bru- 

nelli! Insert, saec. 16.) 

11 E v 

12 F iiii 

130 iii In Rogacionibus non disputatur in vico Straminis. 

14 A ii In Vigilia Pasche, Ascencionis, Penthecostes et Trini- 

tatis, non legitur ultra terciam in aliqua Facultate. 

15 B Idus. In crastinum Ascencionis non legitur in vico Brunelli : 

tamen legitur in aliis. 

1 6 C xvii 

17 D xvi Nota quod a dominica qua cantatur ' Vocem iocunditatis ' 

[quinta post Pascha], usque in crastinum Sancte 
Trinitatis, non legitur in vico Straminis ordinarie, 
sed cursorie. 

1 8 E xv Sol in Geminis. 

19 F xiiii Yvonis confessoris de Britannia et advocati. Non 

consuevit legi alicubi. 

20 G xiii 

21 A xii ['Notandum quod a die veneris ante Penthecosten 

vsque ad diem martis post oct. ipsius festi Penthe- 
costes non legitur ordinarie, nee doctoratur.' AnlJ] 

22 B xi 

23 C x 

24 D ix Translacio sancti Dominici. Non legitur in theologia : 

tamen legitur in omnibus aliis. 



KALENDAR OF THE UNIVERSITY OF PARIS 205 

25 E viii Translacio sancti Francisci. Non legitur in theologia : 

tamen legitur in omnibus aliis. 

26 F vii 

27 G vi 

28 A v Germani episcopi et confessoris Parisiensis. Festive. 

29 B iiii Nota quod doctores in decretis non legunt a Vigilia 

Penthecostes usque ad diem martis post festum 
Sancte Trinitatis. 

30 C iii 

31 D ii 

Nota quod in die martis proxima post Ascencionem 
Domini, semper celebratur festum de Revelacione 
capitis * sancti Ludovici regis. Et in eadem die et (* Ckartu- 
per octabas sunt magne indulgencie in capella regia. 
Et ilia die non consuevit legi in vico Brunelli; legitur 
tamen in aliis. 

[' In Rogacionibus non disputatur. In crastino 
Ascencionis non legitur ordinarie. A .vj. feria ante 
Penthecosten vsque (in crastinum) post Trinitatem, 
non legitur ordinarie.' man. rec.\ 



IUNIUS. 

lunius in decimo quindenum a fine salutat. 
(lunius habet dies XXX, luna XXIX.) 

1 E Kal. 

2 F iiii 

3 G iii In Vigilia Sancti Sacramenti non legitur in nonis 

Nostre Domine in vico Brunelli. 
In die Sancti Sacramenti non legitur in aliqua 

Facultate. 
Nota quod in crastino Sancti Sacramenti non legitur 

in vico Brunelli : legitur tamen in aliis. 

4 A ii 

5 B Nonas. 

6 C viii 

7 D vii 

8 E vi 

9 F v 

10 G iiii 

1 1 A iii Barnabe apostoli. Non legitur in aliqua Facultate. 

12 B ii 



206 



FOURTEENTH-CENTURY KALENDAR 



13 C Idus. 



14 D 

15 E 

16 F 

17 G 

18 A 

19 B 

20 C 

21 D 

22 E 



23 F 

24 G 

25 A 

26 B 

27 C 

28 D 

29 E 

30 F 



XVlll 

xvii 
xvi 
xv 
xiiii 
xiii 

xii 
xi 
x 



IX 

viii 
vii 



VI 

v 
iiii 

iii 
ii 



Antonii Cordigeri. Non legitur in theologia : legitur 
tamen in omnibus aliis. 



Sol in Cancro. 

Gervasii et Prothasii Fratrum et martirum. Et non 
legitur in vico Brunelli ; tamen legitur in aliis. 



Nota quod semper in Vigilia beati lohannis Baptiste, 

eligitur novus rector, et durat usque ad crastinum 

sancti Dionisii. 
In Vigilia non legitur ultra terciam in vico Straminis, 

nee in vico Brunelli propter Vigiliam. 
Nativitas beati lohannis Baptiste. Non legitur [in 

vico Brunelli ; Bill, natj], 
Eligii Noviomensis episcopi. Non legitur in vico 

Straminis, nee in vico Brunelli; in aliis tamen 

legitur. 



Vigilia apostolorum Petri et Pauli. Non legitur in 

aliqua Facultate ultra terciam. 
Petri et Pauli. Non legitur in aliqua Facultate. 
Commemoracio sancti Pauli. Non legitur in vico 

Brunelli : tamen legitur in omnibus aliis. (' Electio 

procuratoris' Add. saec. 16.) 

Nota quod a Vigilia beatorum apostolorum Petri et 
Pauli non legitur in decretis per doctores ordinarie, 
nee in theologia per magistros, usque ad crastinum 
Sancte Crucis : tamen aliquociens in predicto 
tempore legitur extraordinarie in vico Brunelli per 
unum doctorem in decretis. 

Item nota quod a Vigilia Apostolorum non legitur 
ordinarie in vico Straminis usque ad crastinum 
sancti Ludovici regis Francie. 

[' Sciendum est quod vacationes incipiunt a festo 
Apostolorum Petri et Pauli, et durant quantum 
videtur expedire magistris: quandoque ad festum 
S. Egidii (i Sept.), quandoque plus.' Anl. 
' Ultima die legibili ante festum B. lohannis baptiste, 
eligitur rector. Ab vltima die legibili ante festum 
Petri et Pauli apostolorum vsque in crastinum 
B. Ludouici non legitur ordinarie. Et vltima die 
legibili predicta proclamantur cursus pro die legibili 
sequente/ man. recJ\ 



KALENDAR OF THE UNIVERSITY OF PARIS 207 



IULIUS. 

Terdecimus lulii decimo irruit [/. innuit] ante kalendas. 
(lulius habet dies XXXI, luna XXX*.) 

1 G Kal. 

2 A vi 

3 B v 

4 C iiii Translacio sancti Martini episcopi et confessoris. 

Non legitur in vico Brunelli : tamen legitur in aliis. 

5 D i 

6 E ii 

7 F Nonas. 

8 G viii 

9 A vii 
10 B vi 

n C v Translacio sancti Benedicti abbatis et confessoris. 
Non legitur in theologia, nee in vico Brunelli : 
legitur tamen in aliis. 

1 2 D iiii 

13 E iii 

14 F ii 

15 G Idus. 

1 6 A xvii 

1 7 B xvi 

1 8 C xv Arnulphi episcopi et martins. Sol in Leone. 

19 D xiiii 

20 E xiii 

21 F xii Sancti Victoris martiris. Festive. 

22 G xi Marie Magdalene. Non legitur in aliqua Facultate. 

23 A x 

24 B ix 

25* C viii lacobi apostoli, Christophori et Cucufatis. Non legitur (* chartu- 
in aliqua Facultate. far. Univ. 

26 D vii Beati Marcelli episcopi Parisiensis et confessoris. Pans., 

Festive. p " 7 ' 3) 

27 E vi 

28 F v Beate Anne, matris Virginis Marie. Non legitur in 

vico Brunelli : legitur tamen in aliis. (' Continnatio 
procurator is.' Add. saec. 16.) 

29 G iiii 

30 A iii 

31 B ii Germani episcopi Altissiodorensis et confessoris glo- 

riosi. Festive. 

['In die S. Benedicti vndecima mensis (lulii), sermo 
doctoralis, processio, et missa in Mathurinis.' man. 
recJ] 



2o8 FOURTEENTH-CENTURY KALENDAR 



AUGUSTUS. 

Augustum nepa prima necat ; de fine secunda. 
(Augustus habet dies XXXI, luna XXXt a .) 

1 C Kal. Petri ad vincula. Non legitur in aliqua Facultate. 

2 D iiii 

3 E iii Invencio sancti Stephani prothomartiris. Non legitur 

in aliqua Facultate. 

4 F ii 

5 G Nonas. Sancti Dominici lacobite. Non legitur in aliqua 

Facultate. Eodem die fit sermo in lacobitis. 

6 A viii Transfiguracio Domini. Non legitur in theologia: 

legitur tamen in aliis. 

7 B vii 

8 C vi 

9 D v Vigilia Laurencii. 

10 E iiii Laurencii archidiaconi et martiris. Non legitur alicubi. 

11 F iii Corone Domini 1 . Non legitur in theologia: legitur 

tamen in omnibus aliis. 

12 G ii 

13 A Idus. 

14 B xix Vigilia Assumpcionis Beate Marie. Non legitur ultra 

terciam in vico Straminis nee in vico Brunelli. 

15 C xviii Assumpcio Beate Marie Virginis. Eodem die fit 

sermo in Carmelitis. ['Missa facultatis.' AnlJ\ 

1 6 D xvii In crastinum [Assumpcionis] non legitur in vico 

Brunelli: tamen legitur in aliis. 

1 7 E xvi 

1 8 F xv [Sol in Virgine]. 

19 G xiiii Ludovici Marciliensis, Ordinis Minorum. Non legitur 

in theologia nee in decretis; tamen legitur in omnibus 
aliis. Eodem die fit sermo in Cordigeris. 

20 A xiii Bernardi abbatis. Non legitur in aliqua Facultate. 

Eodem die fit sermo in Bernardinis. 

2 1 B xii 

22 C xi 

23 D x 

24 E ix Bartholomei apostoli. Non legitur in aliqua Facul- 

tate. 

1 The Festum Susceptionis S. Coronat Spinecu Domini, or 'Crown of St. Louis,' 
is kept on Aug. 4, according to the Paris rite. 



KALENDAR OF THE UNIVERSITY OF PARIS 209 

25 F viii Ludovici regis Francie. Non legitur in aliqua 

Facilitate; et fit sermo in bursa Navarrensi. Ilia 
die resumuntur lectiones ordinarie in vico Stra- 
minis. (' Continuatio procurators.' Add. saec. 16.) 

26 G vii 

27 A vi 

28 B v Augustini episcopi et confessoris ac Ecclesie doc- 

toris. Non legitur : et fit sermo in Augustinens. 

29 C iiii Decolacio sancti lohannis Baptiste. Non legitur in 

aliqua Facultate. 

30 D iii 

31 E ii 

[' Die quinta, sermo doctoralis apud Predicatores. 
Die decima quinta, sermo doctoralis apud Carmelitas. 
Die .xx. a sermo, processio, et missa, apud Bernardinos. 
Die .xxv. a sermo doctoralis in collegio Nauarre *. 
Die .xxviii.* sermo apud Augustinenses.' man. recJ\ 



SEPTEMBER. 

Tertia septembris vulpis ferit a pede denam. 
(September habet dies XXX, luna XXXt.) 

1 F Kal. Egidii, Lupi et Firmini, confessoris et episcopi Am- 

bianensis. Non legitur in vico Straminis, nee 
in vico Brunelli : in aliis tamen legitur. [' Fit 
sermo.' BN.~\ 

2 G iiii 

3 A iii Ordinacio sancti Gregorii pape. Festive. 

4 B ii 

5 C Nonas. 

6 D viii 

7 E vii Hac die non legitur ultra terciam in vico Straminis : 

nee in nonis Nostre Domine in vico Brunelli. 

8 F vi Nativitas sancte Marie Virginis. Non legitur. [' Missa 

facultatis.' Anl. ' Sermo in Minoribus.' BN^\ 

9 G v In crastino [Nativitatis], festive. Et non legitur in 

vico Brunelli : legitur tamen in omnibus aliis. 
to A iiii 
c i B iii 

1 The College of Navarre was founded near ' Rue Ste Genevieve ' by Joan of 
Javarre in 1304. Some of the University sermons were preached there. Rashdall, 
Iniv. of Europe, i. 402. 



2io FOURTEENTH-CENTURY KALENDAR 

12 C ii 

13 D Idus. ['Nota quod a vigilia S. crucis non legitur per 

legentes de mane vsque ad crastinum S. Dyonisii 
(10 Oct.) propter vacationes.' Anl.] 

14 E xviii Exaltacio Sancte Crucis. Non legitur in aliqua 

Facultate. 

15 F xvii In crastino [Exaltacionis], festive. 

16 G xvi 

17 A xv Sol in Libra. 

1 8 B xiiii 

19 C xiii 

20 D xii Vigilia. 

2 1 E xi Mathei apostoli et ewangeliste. Non legitur in aliqua 

Facultate. 

(*CAartu-*22 F x Mauricii cum sociis suis. Festive. Non legitur in 
lor. Univ. decretis: legitur tamen in decretalibus. (^Procurator 
faris -> P- eligitur! Add. saec. 16.) 

7I *> 23 G ix 

24 A viii 

256 vii Firmini episcopi et martiris. Festive. 

26 C vi 

27 D v Cosme et Damiani martirum. Festive. Et non 

legitur in decretis in vico Brunelli : legitur tamen 
in decretalibus. 

28 E iiii Nota quod ab hac die usque ad crastinum sancti 

Dionisii, non legitur in vico Brunelli aliqua hora. 

29 F iii Michaelis archangeli. Non legitur in aliqua Facul- 

tate. 

30 G ii Hieronimi presbiteri et doctoris Ecclesie. Non 

legitur in aliqua Facultate. Eadem die consuevit 
rex ostendere sanctam crucem in palacio de mane, 
et Cordigeri tenentur ad horas dicendas in capella 
regia. 

Nota quod doctores in decretis non legunt a Vigilia 
bead Michael, usque ad diem martis proximam 
post festum Omnium Sanctorum. 

[' Notandum quod doctores incipiunt legere in paruo 
ordinario prima die legibili post festum Exaltacionis 
S. Crucis (post 14 Sept.), vel prout uidebitur facul- 
tati expedire.' Phil.} 



KALENDAR OF THE UNIVERSITY OF PARIS 211 



OCTOBER. 

Tercius octobris gladius decimum ordine nectit. 
(October habet dies XXXI, luna XXIX.) 

r A Kal. Remigii archiepiscopi et confessoris. Eodem die 
legitur cursorie in vico Straminis. 

2 B vi Leodegarii episcopi et martiris. Festive. 

3 C v 

4 D iiii Sancti Francisci confessoris. Eodem die non legitur 

in aliqua Facultate ; et fit sermo in Cordigeris. 

5 E iii 

6 F ii 

7 G Nonas. 

8 A viii 

9 B vii Dionisii, Rustici et Eleutherii martirum. Non legitur 

in aliqua Facultate. 

10 C vi In crastino sancti Dionisii eligitur novus rector, et 

durat usque ad primum O. 

11 D v Ilia die lectiones ordinarie reincipiuntur in vico 

Straminis. 

12 E iiii 

13 F iii 

14 G ii 

15 A Idus. 

1 6 B xvii Dedicacio ecclesie Sancti Michaelis de monte Tumba. 

Non legitur in vico Brunelli: legitur tamen in 
aliis. 

17 C xvi 

1 8 D xv Luce evangeliste. [Non legitur] in aliqua Facultate. 

Sol in Scorpione. 

19 E xiiii 

20 F xiii 

21 G xii (' Continuatio proc uratoris? Insert, saec. 16.) 

22 A xi 

23 B x Romani archiepiscopi Rothomagensis. Non legitur 

in vico Straminis : tamen legitur in aliis. [' Festum 
Rothomag.' N.] 

24 C ix 

25 D viii 
)6 E vii 

:y F vi Vigilia. 

8 G v Simonis et lude apostolorum. Non legitur in aliqua 

Facultate. 

P 2 



212 FOURTEENTH-CENTURY KALENDAR 

29 A iiii 

30 B iii 

31 C ii Quintini martiris. Vigilia Omnium Sanctorum. 

Non legitur ultra terciam [in aliqua Facilitate]. 

['Prima die legibili post festum Dionisij (ix. Oct.) 
eligitur rector. Et fit obitus (lo.) Buridani die 
sequenti.' man. rec.~\ 



NOVEMBER. 

Quinta novembris acus ; vix tercia mansit in urna. 
(November habet dies XXX, luna XXIX.) 

1 D Kal. Festivitas Omnium Sanctorum. Non legitur. 

2 E iiii Commemoracio omnium fidelium defunctorum. Non 

legitur. Eodem die fit sermo in Cordigeris. 
Nota quod die Omnium Sanctorum rector debet 
sermocinare ante magnum sermonem ; et immediate 
post sermonem rectoris legitur privilegium bejano- 
rum 1 per unum bedellum; et postea fit magnus 
sermo. 

3 F iii [' In crastino, missa per Uniuersitatem in S. Mathu- 

rino.' AnlJ] [' In crastino Animarum fit anni- 
uersarium Mag. Guillelmi Autissiodorensis. Festive.' 



4 G ii 

5 A Nonas. 

6 B viii Leonardi confessoris. Festive. 

Nota quod die martis proxima post festum Omnium 
Sanct., doctores in decretis reincipiunt legere or- 
dinarie in vico Brunelli. Et ilia die non legitur 
aliqua hora in decretalibus. 

7 C vii 

8 D vi Maturini confessoris. Eodem die cursorie legitur in 

vico Straminis. 

9 E v 
10 F iiii 

1 1 G iii Martini episcopi et confessoris. Non legitur in aliqua 
Facultate. [' In festo Martini yemalis sunt vigilie 
M ri Rob. de Serbona, et in crastino missa ab 
Uniuersitate in S. Mathurino.' Anl.] 

1 Bejani. See above, at Feb. 13, p. 200 w. 



KALENDAR OF THE UNIVERSITY OF PARIS 213 



*i2 A ii In crastino [Martini], non legitur in vico Brunelli: (* chartu- 

tamen legitur in omnibus aliis. [' Fit anniuersarium lar. Univ. 

Mag. Ro. de Sorbona.' BN.~\ Paris., p. 

13 B Idus. Bricii episcopi et confessoris. Festive. ['Anm'ver- 

sarium Roberli de Sorbona in Maturims! Add. 

saec. 1 6.] 



14 C 

15 D 

16 E 

17 F 

18 G 

19 A 

20 B 



21 U 

22 D 

23 E 

24 F 



25 G 

26 A 



27 B 

28 C 

29 D 

30 E 



xvin 
xvii 
xvi 
xv 
xiiii 
xiii 

xii 



XI 

x 

ix 

viii 

vii 
vi 



v 

iiii 
iii 

ii 



Sol in Sagittario. 

\^Eligitur procurator' Insert, saec. 16.] 

Ista die non legitur in vico Straminis ultra terciam, 

propter diem sequentem ; tamen legitur in aliis. 
Sancti Edemundi regis Anglic et martins. Non 

legitur in aliqua Facultate. ['Festum nacionis 

Anglicorum.' BN^\ 
In crastino [Eadmundi] non legitur in vico Straminis : 

tamen legitur in omnibus aliis. 
Cecilie virginis et martiris. Festive, 
dementis pape et martiris. Non legitur in aliqua 

Facultate. 
Ista die non legitur ultra terciam in vico Straminis, 

nee in nonis Nostre Domine, propter festum beate 

Katherine. 
Katherine virginis et martiris. Non legitur alicubi. 

['Missa.' Ant.'] 
In crastino [Katherine] non legitur in vico Straminis, 

nee in vico Brunelli; tamen legitur in omnibus 

aliis. ['Genouefa virg. de Miraculo ardencium 1 . 

Missa pro bone memorie lohanne papa XXII. per 

Uniuersitatem celebranda in lacobitis V Anl. ' Non 

legitur pro crastino, sed fit missa apud Predicatores 

pro defunctis.' 



Vigilia. 

Andree apostoli. Non legitur. 



1 The Miraculum Ardentium is dated A. D. 1131 in the Paris kalendar, and by 
Alban Butler, 1129. Many recovered from a burning fever when St. Geneveve's 
shrine was brought amongst them. 

" Pope John XXII died Nov. 22, 1419. (John XXI al. XXII, on Dec. 4, 1334.) 



2I 4 



FOURTEENTH-CENTURY KALENDAR 



DECEMBER. 



Dat duodena cohors septem inde decemque decembris. 
(December habet dies XXXI, luna XXIX.) 



i F Kal. 



2 G iiii 

3 A iii 

4 B ii 

5 C Nonas. 



6 D viii 

7 E vii 



8 F 



10 A 

11 B 

12 C 



VI 



Eligii episcopi et confessoris. Non legitur in vico 
Straminis, nee in vico BrunelH: tamen legitur in 
aliis. 

Octabe sancte Katherine. Festive. 

Barbare virginis et martiris. Festive. 

Vigilia Nicholay. Non legitur ultra terciam in vico 
Straminis, nee in nonis Nostre Domine in vico 
Brunelli. 

Nicholay episcopi et confessoris. Non legitur. ['Missa 
facultatis.' Anl. ' Festum Picardorum.' SN} 

In crastino [Nicholai] non legitur in vico Straminis, 
nee in vico Brunelli : tamen legitur in aliis. [' Missa 
in lacobitis propter concepcionem B. Marie. Non 
legitur, et fit missa pro statu Uniuersitatis in 
lacobitis a doctoribus (sub pena consueta) de 
B. Maria'.' Anl. ' Fiat missa apud Predicatores 
de Spiritu Sancto pro conseruatione studii.' NJ\ 

Conceptio sancte Marie Virginis. Non legitur in 
aliqua Facultate. [' Missa facultatis.' Anl.; 'Festum 
Normannorum.' N.] 

In crastino [Conceptionis] non legitur in vico Stra- 
minis, nee in vico Brunelli : legitur tamen in aliis. 



1111 
iii 
ii 



Nota quod doctores in decretis non legunt a primo 
O usque ad diem martis proximam post octavam 
Epiphanie. 

13 D Idus. Lucie virginis et Martiris. Festive. ['Missa de 

Rorate: Anl.} 

14 E xix Nota quod a secundo O 1 usque ad crastinum Epiphanie 

non legitur ordinarie in vico Straminis. 

15 F xviii [' Notandum quod ab illo die quo cantatur Sapientia 

non legitur ordinarie per doctores. vsque ad primam 
diem legibilem post Epiphaniam Domini, et a 
vigilia Natiuitatis Domini inclusiue vsque ad crasti- 
num S. Thome martiris non legitur per bachalarios.' 
AnL] 

1 ' Adonay ' was the antiphon to Magnificat at evensong on Dec. 1 7, that on 
the previous evening being ' Sapientia} at Paris as elsewhere in olden days, when 
the O's were sung for eight consecutive evenings. 



KALENDAR OF THE UNIVERSITY OF PARIS 215 

1 6 G xvii '0 Sapiential Hie eligitur novus rector, et durat 

usque ad ultimum diem legibilem ordinarie in vico 
Straminis ante festum Annunciacionis dominice. 

17 A xvi 

1 8 B xv [Sol in Capricornu.] 

19 C xiiii 

20 D xiii Sancti Thome apostoli. Non legitur. 

2 1 E xii 

22 F xi 

230 x Nota quod a Vigilia Natalis Domini usque ad crastinum 
sancti Thome archiepiscopi Cantuariensis et martiris, 
non legitur in aliqua Facultate. 

24 A ix Vigilia Nativitatis Domini. Non legitur ultra terciam 

in aliqua Facultate. 

25 B viii Nativitas Domini nostri Ihesu Christi. Non legitur. 

26 C vii Sancti Stephani prothomartiris. {Non legitur.) 
270 vi lohannis apostoli et evangeliste. (Non legitur.) 

28 E v Sanctorum Innocentium. (Non legitur.) 

29 F iiii Sancti Thome archiepiscopi Cantuariensis et martiris 

[' Festum Anglicorum.' BN.'] ( Non legitur.) 

30 G iii 

31 A ii Hac die non legitur in nonis Nostre Domine in vico 

Brunelli, propter reverenciam Circumcisionis. 
[' A secundo vsque in crastinum crastini Epiphanie (h. e. vsque in 
.viij. Jan.) a lectionibus ordinarijs cessatur. Ultima die legibili 
ante dictas vacationes eligitur rector et proclamantur cursus.' 
man. ra 1 . 



CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY KALENDAR 

FROM THE SENIOR PROCTOR'S BOOK 

(LATE FIFTEENTH CENTURY) 
Transcribed by Mr. Alfred Rogers, August, 1902 

JANUARY. 



KE lanuarius 




iii A v N' l Circumcisio dm 


non le 


b iv N' Octa. Sci Stephani 


non le 


xi c iij N' Octa. Sci lohannis 


non le 


d ij N' Octa. Innocentifl 


non le 


xix e Nos 


non le 


viii f viij Id' Epiphania dm 


non le 


g vij Id' 




xvi A vi Id' 




v b v Id' 




c iv Id' 


no dis. 


xiii d iij Id' Relatio pueri de Egz'pto 


non le. 


ii e ij Id' 


n5 dis. 


f Idus Sci Hylarii 


no le. 


x g xix KL Februarii Resupco. Missa p M' thoma de 




sco Botulpho 




A xviij KL Sci Mauri abB 




xviii b xvij KL Sci Marcelli {epi) 2 




vii c xvi KL Sci Supplicii 8 epi 




d xv KL See Prisse virg' C Sol in aqrio 




xv e xiv KL Exequie do * Reed militis 6 


no dis. 


iv f xiij KL Sci Fabiani et sebastiani 


non le. 


g xij KL Exeq!e WalM Neel & dm lohis Whitborne 




xii A xi KL Sci Vincentii 


non le. 


i b xKL 




c ix KL Exeq>e dm Will'mi Norwicen epi 


no dis. 


ix d viij KL Conu'fsio sci Pauli 


non le 


e vij KL 




xvii f vi KL Sci luliani epi_ 




vi g v KL See Agnetis scd'o 




A ivKL 




xiv b iij KL See BatiMis regine 




iii c ij KL 





1 v. N'. : The first day of each month is numbered in this kalendar back from 
the following nones, and not called the ' kalends.' 

2 ' epi ' is written in a later hand, over ' pape ' erased. 

3 for Sulpicij. 

*~ 5 Erased but readable. 



CAMBRIDGE KALENDAR (FIFTEENTH CENTURY] 217 



K- Februarius 



d 


vN' ! 


xi e 


ivN' 1 


xix f 
viii g 
A 


iij N' ! 
ij N' 

Nos ; 


xvi b 
v c 
d 


viij Id' ! 
vij Id' 
vild' 


xiii e 


vld' 


ii f 


iv Id' 


g 
x A 
b 


iij Id' ! 
ijld' 
Idus 


xviii c 


xviKL ] 


vii d 


xv KL 


e 


xiv KL : 


XV f 

iiii g 
A 


xiij KL 
xij KL 1 
xiKL 


xii b 


xKL 


i c 


ixKL 


d 
ix e 
f 


viij KL ' 
vij KL 
viKL 


xvii g 
vi A 


v KL 
ivKL 


b 

xiiii c 


iijKL 
ijKL 




1 'xij. 



n5 dis. 
non le 

le fes 
non le 

le fes 



FEBRUARY. 



See Brigide vJg' 

Purificaco see Marie 

Sci Blasii epi 

Sci Gilberti cof. Exeq'e M 1 Rici de lyng 

See Agathe virg' 

Sco7/[ Uedasti et amandi epolf. 



See Scolastice virg' 
See Radegundis virg. 

See Hermenilde v^' 

Marcii See (sic) Ualentini nrr 

See luliane virg' 



no dis 

Cathedra sci Petri non le 

Exeq'e M 1 Will'mi de Blida & thoe due' Excest' n d 
Sci Mathie apl'i non le 



n5 dis 
non le 



no dis 
non le 



M 1 Ric'i Bylingforth 
Translaco Sci Aug 9i magni 

Kal. Symonis episcopi.' MS. Gonv. Cat. 141. 



2i8 CAMBRIDGE KALENDAR (FIFTEENTH CENTURY] 

MARCH. 



K- Marcius 


iii 


d 


vij 


N' 


Sci Albini epi. Exeq'e .M 1 . WilTmi de Gothin 


n5 dis. 




e 


vi 


N' 


Sci Cedde epi 


non le 


xi 


f 


V 


N' 


Sci Wynewaldi 






g 


iv 


N' 






xii 


A 


j 


N' 






viii 


b 


ij 


N' 


Exeq'e M 1 . lohls de Derluton 


no dis. 




c 




Nos 


Thoe de Aquino l 


n5 le 


xvi 


d 


viij 


Id' 






V 


e 


vij 


Id' 








f 


vi 


Id' 






xiii 


g 


V 


Id' 




no dis. 


ii 


A 


iv 


Id' 


Sci Gregorii (epi) 2 non le. 




b 


"j 


Id' 






X 


c 


ij 


Id' 








d 


Idus 


xviii 


e 


xvij 


KL 


April' Exeq'e dm Rob't de Loffehm ad eccli'j 












sci pet 1 


no dis 


viii 


f 


xvi 


KL 


See. Withburge virg' 


non le 




g 


XV 


KL 


Sci edwardi reg' & mr 




XV 


A 


xiv 


KL 


Exeq'e dm Gilb' 11 de Bobery ad eccl'iaj 












Mich'is cu collecta p aia dm lohls 




iv 


b 


xiij 


KL 


Exeq'e Mgri Rich'i Holme 


no le 




c 


xij 


KL 


Sci Benedicti abbis 


non le 


xii 


d 


xi 


KL 






i 


e 


X 


KL 


Die ven'iis an passio3 dm erit genial' pcessio 












(All this in different hand) 






f 


ix 


KL 




no dis 


ix 


g 


viij 


KL 


Anuciacio dmca 


non le 




A 


vij 


KL 


lefe 


no dis 


xvii 


b 


vi 


KL 


REsurrectio dm 




vi 


C 


V 


KL 








d 


iv 


KL 






xiiii 


e 


j 


KL 






iii 


f 


ij 


KL 


Die ven'fi 9 px' an dmca palmal^ erit cessa (All 





this in different hand) 

mputus manualis secunt 
St. Perpetua on March 
epi : in another hand, over ' pape ' erased. 



1 The older MS. ' Computes manualis secundum vsum Cantebrig, quod Bemys ' 
(Bodl. Digby 15) gives St. Perpetua on March 7, and not St. Thomas Aquinas. 



CAMBRIDGE KALENDAR (FIFTEENTH CENTURY] 219 

APRIL. 

K-K Aprilis 

g vN* 

xi A iv N' See marie egyptiace 

b iij N' no dis 

xii c ij N' Sci Ambrosii epi non le 

viii d Nos 

xvi e viij Id' Sci Sixti (epi) l 

v f vij Id' 

g vi Id' See Sexburge virg' ^ 

xiii A v Id' ff 4* post dmca} s. Qsi modo ge tf en\. resumpco 

(All this in different hand) 

ii b iv Id' 

c iij Id' Sci Gutlaci 

x d ij Id' 

e Idus See Eufemie virg' 

xviii f xviij KL Maii. Sco2 tyburcii & valeriani 

vii g xvij KL 

A xviKL 

xv b xv KL 

iiii c xiv KL 

d xiij KL Sci Alphegi Archiepl 

xii e xij KL 

if xiKL 

g x KL no dis 

ix A ix KL Sci Georgii mris non le 

b viij KL 2 no dis 

xvii c vij KL Sci Marce eungeliste non le 

vi d vi KL 

e v KL Sci Anastacii (epi) 1 

xiiii f iv KL Sci Uitalis mfis n5 dis 

iii g iij KL Translacio sci edmudi m. Sci petri Melani non le 

A ij KL 3 no dis 

1 epi : in a different hand, over ' pape ' erased. 

* 'viij. Kal. Transl. S. Yuonis.' MS. Gonv. Cai. 141. 

* ' ij. KaL S. Petri de ordine predicatorum.' MS. Gonv. Cai. 141. 



220 CAMBRIDGE KALENDAR (FIFTEENTH CENTURY) 



MAY. 



RE Mayus 



xi 


b 


vij 


N' 


Apl'oty phylippi et lacobi 


non le 




c 


vi 


N' 




no dis 


xix 


d 


v 


N' 


Inuencio sancte crucis 


non le 


viii 


e 


iv 


N' 








f 


"J 


N' 


Exeq'e dm Edwardi reg' Anglic 


no dis 1 


xvi 


g 


ij 


N* 


Exeq^ dm Will'i Thorp Militis 


no le 


v 


A 




Nos 


Sci lohls de Beuerlaco Missa 


non le 




b 


viij 


Id' 


Exeq'e dm henrici vjti reg' angl' apud regale 












colleg' 




xiii 


c 


vij 


Id' 


Translaco sci Nicholay epl non le 2 


ii 


d 


vi 


Id' 


missa non dis (in another 












hand something like the marginal notes) 






e 


v 


Id' 






x 


f 


iv 


Id' 


Sco2/ Nerei et achilley. 






g 


iij 


Id' 






xviii 


A 


ii 


Id' 


Die ven'fis pxi e ante ascensione dm erit gen'j lis 












pcessio 






b 




Idus 








c 


xvij 


KL luni 


XV 


d 


xvi 


KL 


primo die post ascensione dm 


le fes 


iiii 


e 


XV 


KL 








f 


xiv 


KL 


Sci Dunstani archiepl 


le fes 


xii 


g 


xiij 


KL 






i 


A 


xij 


KL 


In crastino Corporis xpl 


le fes 




b 


xi 


KL 


Exeq j e infra oct' trini tis pro anima dm 




ix 


c 


x 


KL 


norwicefi epl cu missa in crastino 


n dis 




d 


ix 


KL 


Transla sci dnici 


non le 


xvii 


e 


viij 


KL 


Transla sci Francisci 


non le 


vi 


f 


vij 


KL 


Sci Augustini epl 


non le 




g 


vi 


KL 






xiiii 


A 


v 


KL 


Sci German! epl 




iii 


b 


iv 


KL 








c 


j 


KL 








d 


ij 


KL 


See Petronille v'g' 





1 In margin opposite May 5 some letters are cut away. Dr. M. R. James has 
kindly deciphered for us what remains: viz. in a different hand from the text 
edificavit Nonum sacellum et scholas Theologicas. (This refers to Sir Ro. de 
Thorpe, Lord Chancellor of England in 1371-2.) After which follows : 

de trinitate 8 die {sc. mensis Maii) 

remissione decim[arum] 

ac primorum fructu[um] 

pro rege henrico s[exto] 

exequie d nl henrici se[xti or (se)ptimi] 

regis anglie apud ecclfesiam] 

beate marie cum omnibus [ ..... ]. 

1 K. Henry VI died on May 21, 1471. He had a special devotion for St. Nicholas, 
whose Translation was on May 9th. 



CAMBRIDGE KALENDAR (FIFTEENTH CENTURY] 221 



lunius 

vN' 
ivN' 
iij N' 
ijN' 

Nos 
viij Id' 
vij Id' 
vild' 
vld' 
ivld' 



e 

xix f 

viii g 

xvi A 

v b 

c 

xiii d 

ii e 

f 

x g 

A iij Id' 
xviii b ij Id' 
vii c Idus 

d xviij KL 

xv e xvij KL 

iiii f xvi KL 

g xv KL 

xii A xiv KL 

i b xiij KL 

c xij KL 

ix d xi KL 

e xKL 



xvii f 
vi g 
A 

xiiii b 

iii c 

d 

xi e 



ixKL 

viijKL 

vijKL 

viKL 

vKL 
ivKL 
iij KL 

ijKL 



JUNE. 



Sci Marcellini et Petri 



Sci Bonifacii 



Sci Will'mi Ebolf. archiepi 

Transla sci Edmudi 

Exeq'e EynVT de valenc et dne marie de sco 

paulo 

Sci Barnabe apli 
See Batildis {sic} * 
Sci Anthonii conf. 

Sci Blasii epi. Exeq'e dm hugo* 8 de 

Balshm epi elien 
Uiti et modesti 
Cirici et lulitte my. 
Sci Botulphi abb' 
Scolj. Marcelli et marcelliani 
Sci Geruasii et pthasii 
Transla sci Edwardi 

3 

Sci Albani. Exeq'e dm loh'is de hely epi 

Norwic 

See Etheldrede virg' 
Natiuitatis sci loh'is bpte 

Scol/ loh'is et pauli 

Sci Leonis {epi} 3 
Ap\6U Petri et pauli 
Comemo sci Pauli 



no dis 
noh le 
non le 

n dis 
non le 
n5 dis 
non le 



no dis 
non le 



lefe 

non le 

no le 

le fes 



no dis 

non le 

le fes 



1 June 12. ' Batildis ' is probably an error for ' Basilides.' 

a In the kalendar in MS. Bodl. Digby 15, If. 102 (which is appended to Com- 
putus manualis secundum vsum Cantebrig, quod bernys scripsit, the Algoristmis 
of Alex, de Villa Dei, Tract. De Sphera of J. de Sacrobosco, and Theorica Plane- 
tarum by Walter Brit of Merton), there is an entry at June 21, ' d. xj. kal. Dedicacd 
ecd'ie beats marie de eton.' Possibly, of the parish church. A Dedication Feast was 
kept in the College on June 5 in 1442. J. W. Clark, Archit. Hist, of Cambridge, 
i. 380. MS. Gonv. Cat. 141, places 'S. Leufridi Conf.' on xj. Kal. lulii. 

8 ' epi ' : in a different hand, over ' pape ' erased. 



222 CAMBRIDGE KALENDAR (FIFTEENTH CENTURY] 

JULY. 



KE lulius 




xix g vij N' 




viii A vi N' 




b vN* 




xvi c iv N' Translacio sci Martini 


le fes 


v d iij N' 




e ij N' Missa de Unitate (in another hand) 


C Cessatio no le 


xiii f Nos Translacio sancti thome M. 


no le 


ii g viij Id" See Withburge virg' 


non le 


A vij Id' 




x b vi Id' ScoTJ. vijte Fratru 




c v Id' Translaco sci Benedicti abb' 




xviii d iv Id' 




vii e iij Id' 




f ij Id' 




xv g Idus Translacio sci Swythuni 




iiii A xvij KL Augusti 




b xvi KL Sci Kenelmi reg' & mr 




xii c xv KL Sci Arnulphi epi 




i d xiv KL 


no dis 


e xiij KL See Margarete 


no le 


ix f xij KL See Praxedis virg' 


no dis 


g xi KL See marie Magdalene 


no le 


xvii A x KL Sci apollinaris 




vi b ix KL See Cristine 


no dis 


c viij KL Sci lacobi apl'i 


no le 


xiiii d vij KL 




iii e vi KL Scoty vijte dormienciu 




f v KL Sci Sampsonis 




xi g iv KL Sci Felicis {epi) 1 




xix A iij KL Sci Germani epi 




b ijKL 





1 epi : in a different hand, over ' pape ' erased. 



CAMBRIDGE KALENDAR (FIFTEENTH CENTURY] 223 

AUGUST. 

RE Augustus 

viii c v N' Aduincula sci Petri non le 

xvi d iv N' Sci Stephani (epi) ' le fe 

v e iij N' Inuenco sci stephani non le 

f Prid N' Sci Dominici conf non le 

xiiii g Nos Sci Oswoldi reg' & mr 

ii A viij Id' Sci Sixti felicissimi 

b vij Id' Sci Donati epi 

x c vi Id' Scoty Cyriaci cu soc' tuis 2 

d v Id' Sci Roman! epi C Vig' n5 dis 

xviii e iv Id' Sci Laurencii mr non le 

vii f iij Id' Sci Tyburcii 

g ij Id' 

xv A Idus Sci ypoliti le fes 

iiii b xix KL Septembris C vig' no dis 

c xviij KL Assumpcio see Marie no le 

xii d xvij KL le fes 

i e xvi KL 

f xv KL Sci Agapiti rnr 

ix g xiv KL Sci Magni mr 

A xiij KL 3 

xvii b xij KL Exequie mri Barow n5 dis 

vi c xi KL Octa. see marie non le 

d x KL C vig' no dis 

xiiii e ix KL Sci Bartholomei apli non le 

iii f viij KL 
g vij KL 

xi A vi KL Sci Rufi mr 

xix b v KL Sci Augustini doct'_ le fes 

c iv KL Decollaco sci lo. bple n5 le 

viii d iij KL Scoty Felicis et audacti 
e ij KL 

1 epi : in a different hand, over ' pape ' erased. 

2 ' tuis ' (for ' suis ') : perhaps with some recollection of the phraseology of 
invocations in the litany. 

3 The Computus manualis sec. usum Cant, gives St. Philibert on Aug. 20. 
His name is not ordinarily found in English kalendars, except in monastic uses. 



224 CAMBRIDGE KALENDAR (FIFTEENTH CENTURY) 



SEPTEMBER. 



RE Septembr' 



xvi 


f 


V 


N' 


Sci Egidii abb' 


V 


g 


iv 


N' 






A 


iij 


N' 


Ordinacio Gregorii 


xiii 


b 


ij 


N' 


Sci Marcelli mr 


ii 


c 




Nos 


Sci Bertini abb' 




d 


viij 


Id' 




X 


e 


vij 


Id' 






f 


vi 


Id' 


Natiuitas see Marie 


xviii 


g 


V 


Id' 


Sci gorgonii 


vii 


A 


iv 


Id' 






b 


iii 


Id' 


ScoT/ pthi et lacincti 


XV 


C 


ij 


Id' 




iiii 


d 


Idus 




e 


xviij 


KL 


Octob? Exaltaco see crucis 


xii 


f 


xvij 


KL 


Oct' see Marie l 


i 


g 


xvi 


KL 


See Edithe virg' 




A 


XV 


KL 


Sci Lamberti epi 


ix 


b 


xiv 


KL 






c 


xiij 


KL 




xvii 


d 


xij 


KL 




vi 


e 


xi 


KL 


See (sic) Mathei apti 




f 


X 


KL 


Scol/ Mauricii cu soc' s. 


xiiii 


g 


ix 


KL 


See Tecle virg' 


Hi 


A 


viij 


KL 






b 


vij 


KL 


Sci Firmini epi 


xi 


c 


vi 


KL 


Sci Cypriani 


xix 


d 


V 


KL 


Scoty Cosine et damiani 




e 


iv 


KL 




viii 


f 


iij 


KL 


Sci Michis archangeli 




g 


ij 


KL 


Sci Iheronimi doct' 



non le 



n5 dis 

non le 

le fes 



no dis 
non le 
non le 



no dis 
non le 



no dis 
non le 
no dis 
non le 
le fes 



1 xvij. Kal. Festum reliquiaram.' MS. Gonv. Cat. 141. 



CAMBRIDGE KALENDAR (FIFTEENTH CENTURY] 225 

OCTOBER. 

RE Octob? 

xvi A [5] N' Sci Remigii epi non le 

v b vi N' 

xiii c v N' no dis 

ii d iv N' Sci Francisci conf non le 

e iij N' 

x f ij N' 

g Nos Scoty Marci et marcelli 

xviii A viij Id' {Erasure) 8 die octobris pro reg' h 1 8 l 

(another hand) 1 n5 dis 

vii b vij Id' Sci dionisii cii sociis suis non le 

c vi Id' Resupto magistral^ ScoT/. leronis 2 soc'qj ei 9 

xv d v Id' Sci Nichasii et soc'que eius 

iiii e iv Id' Exeq 1 (sic) Will'mi Wichm epi Wynton no dis 

f iij Id' Sci Edwardi reg' & mr non le 
xii g Prid. Id' Sci kalixti (epi) 8 

i A Idus* 

b xvij KL Nov. Sci Mich'is in mote tuba no dis 

ix c xvi KL See Etheldrede virg' non le 

d xv KL Sci Luce eungeliste non le 

xvii e xiv KL 

vi f xiij KL 

g xij KL Scoty xi ci milia v'g' 

xiiii A xi KL Magna cogregacio infra xv m5 p* resup ne j 5 

iii b x KL Sci Romani epi 

c ix KL 

xi d viij KL Scoty Crispi et crispiniani 

xix e vij KL 

f viKL CVig' non dis 

viii g v KL Apl'oty Symonis & Jude non le 

A ivKL 

xvi b iij KL 

v c Prid. KL Sci Quintini mr no dis 

1 K. Henry VIII succeeded to the throne in April, and died in January. 
a leronis, i.e. Gereonis, M., as in Digby MS. 15. 
s epi : in a different hand, over ' pape ' erased. 

4 St. Wulfmn is noted on Oct. 15 in the Computus sec. usum Cant. (Digby, 
VIS. 15). 

5 In margin (8 die veneris ante fm Simonis et lude). To direct the date, perhaps, 
or the Magna Congregacio. 



226 CAMBRIDGE KALENDAR (FIFTEENTH CENTURY) 

NOVEMBER. 

K- Nouembris 

d v N' Festum ofin scoty non le 

xiii e iv N' Commem aiaty non le 
ii f iij N' 
gPrid. N' 

x A Nos Exeqe dm Heruei de Staunton no dis 

b viij Id' Sci Leonard! conf. non le 
xviii c vij Id' 

vii d vi Id' Scolf. iiii or coronatoty mlf. 

e v Id' Sci Theodori mr 

xv f iv Id' Exeq*e elizabeth de Burgh I aula cla? n5 dis 

iii g iij Id' Sci Martini epi et conf. non le 

A ij Id' 

xii b Idus Sci Bricii epi et conf. le fe 
i c xviij KL Dec. 

d xvij KL no dis 

ix e xvi KL Sci Edmudi conf non le 

f xv KL Sci Hugonis epi non le 
xvii g xiv KL 

vi A xiij KL Exeq'e dne Gracie Thorpe no dis 

xiiii b xij KL Sci Edmudi reg' et mis non le 

c xiKL 

iii d x KL Exeq'e dm Thome Mo? & loh' piston le Fe 

(another hand) 

e ix KL Sci dementis (epi} l non le 

xi f viij KL Sci Gorgonii mr * no dis 

xix g vij KL Exeq'e pro benefactoribus Katerine (Katerine 

in later hand) non le 

A vi KL Sci Lini (epi) l le fes 
viii b v KL 

c iv KL ExequJe Elianore regine le fes 

xvi d iij KL Sci Saturnini no dis 

v e ij KL Sci Andree apli non le 

1 'epi ' in a different hand, over ' pape,' erased. 

* ' Gorgonii ' (Nov. 24) an error for ' Grisogoni, M.' (St. Gorgonius is com- 
memorated on Sept. 9.) The Digby MS. 15 gives ' Gris[ogonus].' 



CAMBRIDGE KALENDAR (FIFTEENTH CENTURY] 227 

DECEMBER. 

Rfi Decembris 



f v N' (ptoo die veneris aduent 9 dm erit g^na^ pcessio} 1 


xiii g iv N' 




ii A iii N' (Primo die veneris aduent 9 dm exeq^ 




x b ij N' dm Will'mi Bateman in aula Gun wile) 1 




c Nos 


no dis 


xviii d viij Id' Sci Nicholay epl 


non le 


vii e vij Id' Octa. sci Andree 


le fes 


f vi Id' Concepco bte Marie 


non le 


xv g v Id' 


le fes 


iiii A iv Id' 




b iij Id' 




xii c ij Id' 




i d Idus See Lucie virg' 


le fes 


e xix KL Ianua2 




ix f xviij KL 




g xvij KL O Sapiencia C Hie cessabunt 




xvii A xvi KL 




vi b xv KL C Sol in car^corno 




c xiv KL 




xiiii d xiij KL C vig' 


no dis 


iii e xij KL Sci Thome apl'i 


non le 



f xiKL 

xi g x KL 

xix A ix KL 

b viij KL Natiuitatis dm 

viii c vij KL Sci Stephani pthomris 

d vi KL Sci lohis apli 

xvi e v KL Scol/. Innocentiu 

v f iv KL Sci Thome archiepl 2 

g iijKL 

xiii A ij KL Sci Siluestri epi 

{At foot of page More Maioru hserebo non cit6. 

I. C. pp. 1662.) 

1 These two entries are written in another hand. 

* This entry of St. Thomas the Martyr had been erased (probably about 
Nov. 1538) and was subsequently inked-in again, probably in the first year of 
3- Mary. See Burnet's History, Records, bk. iii. No. 61 ; Gibson Codex, tit. xi, 
:ap. I, torn, i, p. 259 . 



Q 2 



A COMPARATIVE TABLE 

OF THE 




230 



COMPARISON OF KALENDARS 



IN THE COMPARATIVE TABLE: 

M.= thekalendar formerly belonging to a Member of Magd. Coll. 
Oxon. (now St. John's Coll. Oxon. MS. 188). Cf. p. 33. 
E.=Univ. Oxon. Archiv. E. a MS. written by (or for) G. Darrell, 
Proctor, 1604 (derived from the fourteenth-century MS. 
Chancellor's, or Commissary's Book, A). See p. 35. 
K.=* Computus Manualis ad usum Oxoniensium' printed by C. 
Kyrfoth, 410, 1519-20, Oxon. (unique copy in Camb. Univ. 
Library, AB. 4. 69 (5)). See pp. 120-32 ; 166-8. 
Cam. s= kalendar in the Senior Proctor's Book of Cambridge Uni- 
versity, a late fifteenth-century MS. now at the Registry, 
Cambridge. See pp. 216-27. 

Paris = kalendars of the xivth-xvith century in the Archives of the 
Univ. of Paris. See above, pp. 197-215. 

^ = a festival marked in one of the Univ. proctor's books or old 

kalendars. 

$ = a festival noted in A by its original scribe. 
[$] = an important festival entered later. 
8 = Dirige of a benefactor, &c., at Oxford, 
c = Exequies of a benefactor, &c., at Cambridge. 
= ( Obitus ' (where service is not specified in the kalendar). 
p. = Mass of the Dead, for a benefactor, at Oxford or Paris. 
' [^i] = a Mass (of Requiem, &c.), not specifically mentioned in the 
Camb. Proctor's Book, but implied by the preceding 
'Exequies,' e, and specified in Cambridge Statutes. 
TT = processio generalis, &c. 
Bejan. See p. 200, . 

Ces. = Cessacio magistrorum regentium. (Cf. pp. 35-8.) 
Res. = Resumptio 

curs. = cursorie. 
deer. = in decretis. 

Congr. = Congregatio Magna at Cambridge, 
elec. = electio. 
n. dis.= dies non disputabilis, when there were no exercises. 

n. le = dies non legibilis, when there were no public lectures, 
le. fe (or le fes) = dies legibilis festine, or festinanter, when special 
holiday lecture-books were to be read fast. (?) 'festive,' Paris. 
(Nat.) or [Nat.J = A festival of one of the Nations at Paris, 
ord. = ordinarie. 

p. = (?) processio, at Oxford (1519-20). See p. 182, . 
proc. = procuratoris, or procuratorum (continuatio or electio). 



COMPARISON OF KALENDARS 
JANUARY. 



231 



Feasts, 
&c. 
Oxon. 


M. 


E. 
1604 


K. 
1520 


Cam. 


Feasts, 
&c. 
Cantab. 


Paris. 




i A <f> \pctd\ 




n. le 




n. le 


<f> \pcta'. 


n.le 


i 


2 b <j> 


... 




... 


n. le 


<f> \pcta'.. 




2 


3 c 4> 


... 


... 


... 


n. le 


<f> \pcta.\ 


n. le 


3 


4 d <f> 


... 


... 


... 


n. le 


<J!> [pc/a.\ 




4 


5 e <f> 1 [&/".] 


... 


n. dis 


... 


n. le 


... 


n. le vltra iii. 


5 


6 f [<] 


... 


n. le 


pro 


n. le 


4* 


n. le (Nat.) 


6 


7 ff 












n. le 


f. 


D 

8 A <A 












reincip. ord. 


g 


** T^ 

9 b 












n. le vltra iii. 




.x * 

10 c 


... 


... 


... 


n. dis 


... 


n. le [Nat.] 


10 


ii d 


... 


... 


... 


n. le 


[$] a 


n. le 


ii 


12 e 


... 


... 


... 


n. dis 


... 




12 


13 f <3> [0f/a] 


... 


n. le 


lefe 


n. le 


rf> 


n. le (Nat.) 


J 3 


14 f <f> 


... 





... 


(fas)' 


ft 


reincip. deer. 


14 


15 A < 




... 


... 


... 


<p 




15 


16 b ^ 


... 


... 




... 


cp 


fe (n. le deer.) 


16 


17 c </> 


... 


... 


... 


... 


(p 


n. le(Nat.) 


17 


18 d 4 


... 


... 


... 


... 


(h 




18 


1 9 6 <jb 


n. dis 


n. dis 


n. dis 


n. dis 


e 




J 9 


2O f $ 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le 





(n. le) fe 


20 


21 g $ 5 S 


lefe 


le.fe 


le.fe 


... 


e 


fe 


21 


22 A $.//, 


non le 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le 


<A 


n.le 


22 


23 b 














23 


ij * 

24 c 8 


... 


n. dis 


... 


n. dis 


e 




24 


25 d &.fj. 


n.le' add 


n. le 


n. le. p. 


n. le 


<(/*) 


n. le 


25 


26 e 












fe 


26 


2 7 f < 


... 


... 




... 





curs. (n. le) 


27 


28 g ^> 


... 


... 


... 




m 




28 


29 A 














2O 


jo b (ft 


... 


... 


... 


... 


p 




30 


II C 














q I 


1 

















1 Jan. 5, Octa S. Thome martyris (MSS. C., *.}. 
3 Jan. ii, Relatio pueri de Egipto; Cantab. 
3 Jan. 14, ' Resumpcio' A. (' in crastino sci hylarij ' M.} 

* Jan. 14, Re:umpcio\ Cantab. (Missa pro anima T. de S. Botulpho: Stat. 
'an tab.) 
5 Jan. 21, See Agnetis V. M. : A. 



232 



COMPARISON OF KALENDARS 
FEBRUARY. 



Feasts, 
&c. 
Oxon. 


M. 


E. 
1604 


K. 

1520 


Cam. 


Feasts, 
&c. 
Cantab. 


Paris. 




i d $ 


n. dis 


n.dis 


n. dis 


n. dis 


m 


n. le vltra iii. 


i 


26$ 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le 


<T) 




2 


O J <^> 


le. fe. 


lefe 


le. fe 


le.fes. 


(7) 


(n. le.) p. 


3 


4 g 


... 


... 




n. le 


*' 


(n. le) 


4 


5 A $ 


le. fe 


... 


le. fe 


le.fes. 




fe. 


5 


o b <f> 


... 


... 


... 


... 


<f) 




6 


7 c 














h. 


/ * 
8 d 














8 


9 e 6 
















10 f $. /A 2 




... 




... 


GJ 


(contin. proc.) 


10 


11 g 


n'.d. 


n.dis 


n. dis 


... 


fn 


n. le ord. 


ii 


12 A $ 4 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le 


n. dis 


... 


(usque ad fer.v.) 


12 


13 b 


... 




... 


n. le 


Qp 


(Bejan.) 


13 


14 c $ 


... 


... 


... 


... 


(T) 




14 


15 d 


... 


... 




... 


... 




15 


16 e < 


... 






... 


<A 




16 


17 f 














17 


* / * 

18 g 














* / 
18 


19 A 














IQ 


20 b 














y 

20 


21 C 8 


n."d 


n.dis 


n. dis 


n. dis 


... 




21 


22 d $. p. 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le. p 


n. le 


G) 


n. le 


22 


23 e 6 \vig.] 


n. d add 


n.dis 


n. dis 


n. dis 


. vigil 




23 


24 f $ 


n. le add 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le 





n. le (Den.) 


24 


26 A 


* 


O. 


... 


... 


... 




26 


27 b 8 


n. d. 


n.dis 


n. dis 


n. dis 8 


c 




27 


28 c $. /A 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le 


* 


n. le 


28 



1 Feb. 4, Set Gilberti conf: Cantab, (exequie pro anima M ri R. Lyng: Stat. 
Cantab.). 

2 Feb. ro, See scolastice (virg.) missa. (A}. Missa burgensium. 
s Feb. it, Set Radegundis virg. : Cantab. 

4 Feb. 12, Translacio see frideswide virg. : A. 
* Feb. 1 3, Set Hermenilde virg. : Cantab. 

8 Feb. 24, Dedication of the Church of St. Denys, Paris. (Feb. 21-24, misplaced 
in A.) 

7 an erasure in MS. E. (1604). 

8 Feb. 27, Augustini doctoris magni. non le. ordinarie nee extraordinarie ante horam 
.ix. : Stat. Cantab. 



COMPARISON OF KALENDARS 
MARCH. 



233 



Feasts, 
&c. 
Oxon. 


M. 


E. 
1604 


K. 

1520 


Cam. 


Feasts, 
&c. 
Cantab. 


Paris. 




i d $.8 


n. le. 


n. le 


n. le 


n. dis 


<M 


(n. le) 


i 


2 e <J>. ju, 


n. le. 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le 


< 




2 


M 

40; 


... 


... 


... 


... 


P 




3 


5 

c A 
















O " 

6 b 


n. dis. 


n.dis 


n. dis 


n. dis 


e 




6 


7 c [<J>] 2 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le 


< 2 


n. le 2 


7 


8 d 














8 


9e 
** 












le.de cr.etbibl. 


Q 


10 f 












(elec. proc.) 


y 
IO 


ii g 8 


n. dis. 


n.dis 


n. dis 


n. dis 


... 




II 


12 A <f>. fJL 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le. p 


n. le 





n. le 


12 


13 b 




... 










13 


14 c 


... 












14 


15 d 


... 












15 


16 e 


n. dis 


n.dis 


n. dis 


n. dis 


c 




16 


17 f $.8 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le 


<f> S (P-) 




17 


18 g c&.^t 


le. fe. 


le. fe 


lefe 


... 


$ 




18 


19 A 


n. dis 


n.dis 


n. dis 


... 


e 


(fit rector) 


ip 


20 b $* 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le. p 


n. le 


e (/A) 




2O 


21 C O 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le 


n.le 6 


<t> 


(n. le) 


21 


22 d 














22 


23 e 


... 


... 


* 


... 


w 




23 


24 f 


n. dis 


n.dis 


n. dis 


n. dis 


... 


n. le vltra iii. 


24 


'5 g $ 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le. p 


n. le 


1> 


n. le 


25 


56 A 


le. fe. 


le. fe 


le. fe 


le. fe. 


... 


(n. le) 


26 


, 








n. dis 








7 b 


... 


... 


... 


... 


M 7 




27 


8 c 














28 


o d 














29 


y 

o e 














7 


I f 


... 


... 


... 


... 


C^.] 8 




3 1 



1 Mar. 3, S7i Wynewaldi: Cantab. 

a Mar. 7, S. Thome de aquino (A 1 }. Cantab, ' apud predicatores ad clerum prtdica- 

i* : Stat. Cantab., a Paris feast. 

3 Mar. 17, See Withburge virg. : Cantab. (S. Patricij : A.) 

In Vigilia pasche : Cessacio magistrorum. 

Feria .iiij.ante Dona, in ramis. Cessacio determinatorum. 

Feria .iiij. post Quasimodo, Resumpcio magistrorum : et tnnc eodem die pro 
agham et Husy. * Mar. 20, Sci Cuthberti epi. A. 

5 Benedict! abbatis : non le ordinarie nee extraordinarie ante horam .ix. : Stat. 
ntab. 
' Die veneris ante passionem diii erit generalis processio : Cantab, (manu 2 da ). 

' Resurrectio dnV : Cantab. 

Die veneris prox. ante dominicam palmarum erit cessacio : Cantab, (manu 2 da ). 



234 



COMPARISON OF KALENDARS 
APRIL. 



Feasts, 
&c. 
Oxon. 


M. 


E. 
1604 


K. 

1520 


Cam. 


Feasts, 
&c. 
Cantab. 


Paris. 




I JT 










-7 




i 


* 15 

2 A 




... 






01 




2 


3 b <i>* 


n. dis 


n.dis 


n. dis 


n. dis 


... 




3 


4 c $ 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le 


</> 


n. le 


4 


5d 
u 














e 


6 e [/A] S 


[/to.] 3 


... 






08 




6 


7 f 












(contin. proc.) 


7 


/ 
8 g 


le fe' add 




... 




4> 4 




4 

8 


9 A [>] s 


[Res] 3 


... 


... 




[m.] 5 




9 


10 b 8 














10 


ii c ft 6 


... 


... 


... 


... 


(T) 




ii 


12 d 


... 


... 


... 


... 


... 




12 


13 e <f> 




... 


... 


... 


m 




13 


14 f <jf> 


... 


... 




... 


m 




14 


ig g 














IK 


16 A 














o 

16 


17 b 


... 


... 


... 


... 


... 




17 


18 c 8 














18 


19 d Qn] 7 


... 




... 


... 


<" 




19 


20 e 


... 


... 


... 


... 


... 




20 


21 f 














21 


22 g 


n. dis 


n.dis 


n. dis 


n. dis 






22 


23 A $ 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le 


n.le 





fe. (n. le) 


2 3 


24 b 


n. dis 


n.dis 


n. dis 


n. dis 


... 




24 


25 c $.8 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le 


4> 


n. le 


25 


26 d p 


... 


... 


... 


... 


... 


ded. cap. palac 


26 


27 e 


... 


... 


... 


... 


t 




27 


28 f < 


... 


n.dis 


... 


n. dis 


u> 




28 


29 g */* 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le 


(7) 




2 9 


30 A 8 


n. dis 


n.dis 


n. dis 


n. dis 


... 


n. le, nisi" 


3 



I April 2. See marie egyptiace : Cantab. 
a April 3. Sci Ricardi episcopi : B.C. 

3 At April 5-9. Semper quarta feria post dominicam qua cantatur officium Quasi- 
modo geniti, fiat missa pro lacobo Husee et Tho. Wahwhan (Vaughan) add. A. Ibid. 
Resumpcio magistrorum regencium : B.C. 

* (Similarly) Cantab. 

8 April 8. See Sexburge virg. : Cantab. 

6 April ii. Set Gutlaci: Cantab. 

7 At April 19. _ proximo die legibili post eleccionem procuratorum : B. (add. C). 

* April 19. Sci Alpbegi Archiepiscopi : Cantab. 

9 Sci Anastacij (pope) : Cantab. 

10 April 29. Translacio set edmundi mart. : Cantab, (as well as ' Sci ' petri 
me[dio]lani.' 

II ' nisi in vico Straminis, cursorie.' Paris. 



COMPARISON OF KALENDARS 
MAY. 



235 



Feasts, 
&c. 
Oxon. 


M. 


E. 
1604 


K. 
1520 


Cam. 


Feasts, 
&c. 
Cantab. 


Paris. 




I b S.yu. S? 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le 


* 


n. le 


i 


2 C ?/i. 


n. dis 


n.dis 


n. dis 


n. dis 


... 




2 


3 d * 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le 


<A 


n. le 


3 


4 e 














A 


T^ 

5 f 8 


n. dis . 


n.dis 


n. dis 


n. dis 


c 


(elec. proc.) 


T 

5 


6 g < I > . 1 /x. 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le 


GO 


n. le 


6 


7 ^^ ^P 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le 






7 


8 b 




... 




... 


e 


n. le vltra iii. 


8 


9 c 8. 










n. le 


< 2 


n. le 


9 


10 d /*. 8 


... 


... 




[n.dis 


*! 


(n. le) 


TO 


ii e /*. 


. 


... 






... 




II 


12 f 


... 


... 


... 


... 


V 




12 


14 A (V.] B 


n. dis 


n.dis 


n. dis 


... 


DrJF 




14 


15 b [$>] 7 (yn) 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le 




... 




15 


16 c 














16 


17 d 


... 








(le. 






17 










fes.) 8 








18 e 


n. dis 


n.dis 


n. dis 


... 


>.. 




18 


19 f $ 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le 


le. fes 


4> 


n. consuevit le 


19 


20 g 














20 


21 A < 


... 


... 


... 


(le.fes) 9 


e 




21 


22 b 


... 


... 


... 


... 


/A 10 




22 


23 c 


n. dis 


n.dis 


n. dis 


n. dis 


... 




23 


24 d </ 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le 


(/> 


n. le theol. 


24 


25 e < u 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le 


<j> 


n. le theol. 


25 


26 f <b. /* 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le 


n.le 


(f) 


fe. 


26 


27 














27 


1 O 










d> 




/ 

28 


29 b 
30 c 


... 




... 


... 


for 




29 
30 


3i d* 


... 


... 




... 


* 




31 



I May 6. Sci lohannis ante portam latinam : A. 'a disputacionibus vniuersis 
supersedeatur, et fiat sermo ad clerum de scb apud predicatores, aut apud minores' 1 : 
Stat. Cantab. 

" May 9. Translacio set Nicholay epi. : Cantab. s (meant 2 da ) : Cantab. 

* SS. Nerei et achilley : Cantab. 

5 May 14. Cessacio magistrorum regencium fe. 4 ante Pentecost. : B.C. 

6 (At May 14.) Die veneris prox. ante ascensionem dni erit generalis processio : 
Cantab. 7 May 15. See Freswyde add. A. 

8 (At May 17.) Primo die post ascensionem dni. le fes. : Cantab. 

9 In crastino Corporis Christi, lefe, Cantab. For S. Dunstan see Mun. Acad. ii. 452. 

10 Exequie infra act. trinitatis . . . cum missa in crastino : Cantab. 

II May 24-5. ForS. Dominic cf. Mun. Acad. 1. c. S. Aldelmi (<*</ Francisci) B.C. 
12 At May 28. Resumpcio magistrorum regencium, feria4 post festum Trinitatis : B.C. 
18 Obitus T. Rotheram, cum solempni missa in crastino : Stat. Cantab. 



236 



COMPARISON OF KALENDARS 
JUNE. 



Feasts, 
&c. 
Oxon. 


M. 


E. 
1604 


K. 
1520 


Cam. 


Feasts, 
&c. 
Cantab. 


Paris. 




i e <f> 1 














i 


2 f <j> 


... 


... 


... 


... 


(f) 




2 


3 g <A a 


... 




... 


... 


... 




3 


4 A 
















5 b <k 


... 


... 


... 


... 


fn 




5 


6 c 














6 


7 d 


n. dis 


n.dis 


n. dis 


n. dis 






7 


8 e $ 


n. le 


n.dis 


n. le 


n. le 


*(<}* 




8 


9 f $ 


n. le 


n. le 


n. dis 


n. le 






9 


10 g 


n. dis 


n.dis 


... 


n. dis 


e (jj) 




10 


ii A $ 


n.le 


n. le 


n. le. p 


n. le 


G) 


n. le 


ii 


12 b 


... 


... 


... 


n. dis 


<r) 




12 


13 c <f> 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le 


(n 


(n. le) 


13 


14 d (f> 


... 


... 


... 


... 


(h f f 




14 


15 e 8 


n. dis 


n.dis 


n. dis 




*'</*) 




15 


1 6 f <$. fJL 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le 


... 


fn 




16 


i? g 4> 


... 


... 


n. dis 


... 


(f) 




17 


18 A < 


... 


... 


... 


... 


n 




18 


19 b <jf> 


... 


... 


... 


n. dis 


rf) 


(n. le) 


19 


20 c <jj 


... 


... 


... 


n.le 


<T) 




20 


21 d 














21 


22 e & 


n.le 


n.dis 


n. le 


le.fe 


(f). 




22 


23 f [z>z.] 


n. dis 


n. le 


n. dis 


n. le 


QJ ( /X I 


n. le vltra iii. 7 


23 


24 g <I>. 8 


n. le 


le. fe 


n. le.jp. 


n. le 


B 


n. le 


24 


25 A $. /t 


le.fe 


... 


le. fe 


le fes 


.*. 


(n. le) 


25 


26 b 


... 




... 


... 


n 




26 


2*7 C 














27 


i 

28 d <f> [#*.] 


n. dis 


n.dis 


n. dis 


n. dis 


<p 


n. le vltra iii. 


1 

28 


29 e <!> 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le. p 


n.le 


(f) 


n. le 


29 


30 f $ 


le.fe 


le.fe 


le.fe 


le. fes 


<T) 


(n.le)elec.proc 


3 



1 June i. S. Nicomedis : C. 

3 June 3. S. Osithe virg. : B. 

s June 8. W. Eboracensis archiepi . non le. ordinarie nee extraordinarie ante 
horam .ix. : Stat. Cantab. 

4 June 1 2 : See Batildis : Cantab. 

5 June 13. Petri martins de or dine minorum . non le. ord. nee extraord. ante 
horam .ix. : Stat. Cantab. 

June 15. SS. Viti et Modesti: Cantab. 

7 June 23. Eligitur novns rector. Paris. * June 25. Sci Eligij : A. 




COMPARISON OF KALENDARS 
JULY. 



237 



Feasts, 
&c. 
Oxon. 


M. 


E. 
1604 


K. 
1520 


Cam. 


Feasts, 
&c. 
Cantab. 


Paris. 




i g \pctd\ 




n.dis 










i 


2 A $ 1 




n. le 


n. le 


... 







2 


3 b 


















'lefe' 


... 


le. fe 


le. fes 


<A " 


(n. le) 


4 


o 


n. dis 




(ces. 


... 


... 




5 








n. dis) 










6 e \pctd\ 


n. le. 


... 


... 


(n. le) 


[ces.] 2 




6 


7 f $ 


... 


... 


n. le 


n. le 


(n 




7 


8 g 


... 


... 




n.le 3 


(n 




8 


Q A 
















y 

10 b 










rf) 




10 


II C 


... 




... 


... 


</> 5 


(n. le) () 


ii 


12 d 














I 2 


13 e fa) 6 


... 


... 


... 


... 








14 f 














14. 


*T 

Ig g 










(T) 




*-t 


16 A 














16 


17 b 


... 




... 




Q> 




17 


18 c d> 










<T) 




18 


T* 

19 d 


n. dis 


n.dis 


*[n.dis] 


n. dis 






19 


20 e < 


n. le 


n. le 


[n. le] 


n. le 


<f) 




20 


21 f 


n. dis 


n.dis 


[n.dis] 


n. dis 


m 


fe. 


21 


22 g < 


n. le 


n. le 


[n. le] 


n. le 


(T) 


n. le 


22 


23 A 


... 







... 


(n 




2 3 


24 b (w^V) 


n. dis 


n.dis 


[n. dis] 


n. dis 


J 10 




2 4 


25 c $ 


n. le 


n. le 


[n. le] 


n. le 


< 


n. le 


25 


26 d (<J?) U 












fe. 


26 


\ / 

27 e (<J>) 12 


... 






, 


< 




27 


28 f < 


... 


... 


... 




< 


(n.le)cont.proc. 


28 


29 g </> 


... 


... 


... 


... 







2 9 


30 A < 


... 






... 


<A 




30 


31 b $ 


n. dis 


? 


[n.dis]* 


... 




fe. 


3i 



I July 2. Scorum Process! et Martiniani : A. (misplaced on the 3rd. See p. 74 .) 
' Visitacio [beate] Marie ' : insert B. C. 

3 Missa de trinitate \ Cantab, (nianu 2 da ). 

* July 8. See Withburge virg. : Cantab. 

* July 10. Sanctorum VII. f'ratrum : Cantab. 

* July n. Translacio set Benedicti abb. : Cantab. 

6 July 13. ' festum sancte Myldrethe ' interim. A. 

7 July 1 7. Sci Kenelmi regis et mart. : Cantab. 

8 July 21. See Praxedis virg. : Cantab. 

9 July 23. Set Apollinaris : Cantab. 10 July 24. See Cristine : Cantab. 

II See [An]ne virginis : A. (?) u Dedicacio ecclesie S. Marie : A. 
*~* [July 19-31. A line of letterpress is here shorn away in K. 1519-20.] 



COMPARISON OF KALENDARS 
AUGUST. 



Feasts, 
&c. 
Oxon. 


M. 


E. 
1604 


K. 
1520 


Cam. 


Feasts, 
&c. 
Cantab. 


Paris. 




I C $ 


n. le 


n. le 




n. le 


n 


n. le 


i 


2 d ^ 




... 




le. fe 


Q 




2 


3 e * 


... 


lefe 


... 


n. le 


fh 


n. le 


3 


4 f 


... 


... 


... 


n. le 


cp 




4 


5 & $ 


... 


... 


... 


... 





n. le 


5 


6 A <j!> a 


... 


... 




... 


* 


(n. le) 


6 


7 b < 


... 


... 


... 


... 


</> 




7 


8 c < 




... 


... 


... 


<f> 




8 


9 d ^ (*7.) 


n. dis 


n.dis 


n. dis 


n. dis 


$ g' 




9 


10 e $ 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le 


<T) 


n. le 


10 


ii f < 


... 


... 


... 


... 


<T) 


(n.le) 3 


ii 


12 g 


... 




... 


... 


... 




12 


13 A* 


... 


le.'fe 


... 


le. fes 


(7) 




13 


14 b (vigil) 


n. dis 


n.dis 


n. dis 


n. dis 


vigil 


n. le vltra iii. 


14 


15 c $ 


n. le 


n. le 


... 


n. le 





/* 


15 


16 d 


... 


... 


... 


le. fes 


... 


(n. le) 


16 


17 e 


... 


... 


... 


... 


... 




17 


18 f 


... 


... 




... 


<T) 




18 


!9 8 


... 


... 


... 


... 


<f) 


(n. le) 


19 


20 A 


... 


... 


... 


... 


... 


n. le (IT.) 


20 


21 b 




... 


... 


n. dis 


c 




21 


22 C 


... 


... 


... 


n.le 


octa. (/*) 




22 


23 d <f> (vig) 


n. dis 


n.dis 


n. dis 


n. dis 


vigil 




23 


24 e $ 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le 


$ 


n. le 


2 4 


r 












n. le. Res. * 


H 


26 g 


... 


... 


... 


... 






26 


27 A < 


n. dis 


... 


n. dis 


... 


<f> 




27 


28 b <E> 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le 


le. fes 


4> 


n. le 


28 


29 c <f> 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le 


n.le 


G) 


n. le 


2 9 


3 o d < 


... 


... 


... 


... 


n 




3 


31 e < 6 














-. j 



















1 Aug. 4. Set Dominici conf. : Cantab. 

* Aug. 6. S. Sixti, Felicissimi (et Agapiti), B.C., Cant. (' Transfiguratio Dni,' 
add.B. 1 7th cent.) 

3 Aug. ii. 'Corone Dm ^ Paris. 

* Aug. 35. ' Ludovici R. Resumpcio ; continnacio procnratoris ' : Parts. 
8 Aug. 31. See Cuthburge virginis : B.C. 




COMPARISON OF CALENDARS 
SEPTEMBER. 



239 



Feasts, 
&c. 
Oxon. 


M. 


E. 
1604 


K. 

1520 


Cam. 


Feasts, 
&c. 
Cantab. 


Paris. 




i f <E> 

2 


le. fe 


le. fe 


le. fe 


n.le 


* 


(n. le) 


i 


3 A 
4 b 
5 c 
6 d 


... 


... 


... 


... 


G) 
(f) 

d) 


fe. 


3 

4 

5 
fi 


7 e [vigil] 
8 f $ 

9 g <A 
10 A 


n. dis 
n. le 


n.dis 
n. le 


n. dis 
n. le 


n. dis 
n.le 
le. fes 


r 


(n. le vltra iii) 
n. le. (/A.) 
fe (n. le) 


7 
8 

9 

TO 


ii b c/> 

12 C 


... 


... 


... 


... 


(T) 




II 

T? 


13 d 
14 e $ 

15 f (octav.y 
16 g $ 
17 A < 
18 b 


n. dis 
n. le 


... 


n. dis 
n. le 


n. dis 
n.le 
n.le 


rf) 

ocla. 

<Q 
(7) 


Vacacio 
n. le. 

fe. 


14 
15 

16 
17 

T8 


10 C 














TO 


20 d [ztfgV/] 
21 e 4> 

22 f < 
23 g <4 
24. A 


n. dis 
n. le 


n.dis 
n. le 


n. dis 
n. le 


n. dis 
n.le 


<T) 

<T) 

G) 


n. le 
fe.(elec.proc.) 


20 
21 

22 

23 
M 


2S b <i 

26 c <f> 
27 d 
28 e [z^T] 
29 f $ 

3 g < 


n. dis 
n. le 
le. fe 


n.dis 
n. le 
le. fe 


n. dis 
n. le 
le. fe 


n. dis 
n.le 
n. dis 
n. le 
le. fes 


Qj 

<f) 
fh 


fe 

fe. (n. le.) 
n. le vsque 3 
n. le 
n. le. 4 


25 
26 

27 
28 

2 9 
3 



1 Sept. 3. Ordinacio Gregorii : Cantab. 

* Sept. 15. ' vacacio incepit olim ' interim. A. (During the Vacation at Paris 
[Sept. 13 to Oct. 10] ' non legitur per legentes de mane.') 

* Sept. 28. 'non le vsque ad eras. S. Dionisii ' [10 Octob.], Paris. 

* Sept. 30. ' Rex ostendit crucem ' : farts. 



240 



COMPARISON OF KALENDARS 
OCTOBER. 



Feasts, 
&c. 
Oxon. 


M. 


E. 
1604 


K. 
1520 


Cam. 


Feasts, 
&c. 
Cantab. 


Paris. 




i A < 








n. le 


(T) 


(curs.) 


i 


2 b <f> 1 












fe. 


,, 


3 c 


... 


... 


... 


n. dis 


... 




3 


4 d </> 
5e 




... 


... 


n. le 


O) 


n. le 


4 


v 
6 f </> 2 
















7* 

7 g 


... 


... 


... 


... 


<' 




7 


8 A 


... 


... 


... 


n. dis 


(e?) 4 




8 


9 b $ 


le. fe 


... 


le. fe 


n.le 


n 


n. le 


9 


10 C ./?. 5 


... 


... 


... 


Res. 


m 


(elec Rect.) 


10 


ii d <j> 


... 


... 


... 


... 


rf> 


reinc. ordin. 


ii 


12 e <f>. 7 8 


n. dis 


n.dis 


... 


n. dis 


c 




12 


13 f ^./A 


n. le 


n. le 


... 


n. le 


(f) ( /A) 




13 


14 g < 


... 


... 


... 


... 


(T) 




M 


is A </> 8 














is 


v 1r 

16 b $ 


... 




... 


n. dis 


< 


(n. le) 


*o 

16 


17 c 


n. dis 


n.dis 


n. dis 


n. le 


<T) 




17 


18 d $ 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le 


<T) 


n. le 


18 


19 e $' 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le 


... 






19 


20 f ( 10 ) 


le. fe 10 


le. fe 


le. fe 


... 


... 




20 


21 g < 


... 


... 


... 


... 


(f) 


(contin. proc.) 


21 


22 A 


... 


... 


... 


Con.) u 







22 


23 b <f> 


... 




... 


... 


4> 


(n. le. ; Nat.) 


23 


24 c 


... 


... 


... 


... 


... 




24 


25 d tf) 


... 


... 


... 


... 


G) 




25 


26 e 














26 


27 f vigil 


n. dis 


n.dis 


n. dis 


n. dis 


vigil 




27 


28 g (1>) 12 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le 


n. le 


(f) 


n. le 


28 


29 A 


... 


... 


... 


... 


... 




29 


QO b S 














^O 


O 

31 c &ij.[vig.] 


n. dis 


n.dis 


n. dis 


n. dis 


<Q 


n. le vltra iii. 


j^ 
31 



I Oct. 2. ' S. Leonard^f ep. conf.' B.C. (' Leodegarij ' corr. C.). 

a ' S. Fidei, virg. d Sci Hugonis, ep.' B.C. (an obliteration in A.}. 
8 Oct. 7. Scorum Marci et Marcelli : Cantab. 

4 (erasure) pro rege henr. 8. : Cantab. 

5 Oct. 10. ' Resumpcio magistrorum regencinm. Missa de resumpcione, de Spiritu 
sancto.' B.C. 

6 Resumptio Magistrorum . Scorum Gereonis sociorumque eius : Cant. 

7 Oct. 12. ' S.^ Wilfridi.' B.C. 8 Oct. 15. ' S. W[u]lfrani ep. et mar.' B.C. 
Oct. 19. See Frideswide virginis. A. 

10 Oct. 20. ' Dedicatio colegij Marie Magdalene' M. \Jorsan A. D. 1479]- 

II Oct. 32. ' Magna congregacio infra XV am post resumpcionem. (8 die antefestum 
Simonis et lude ' ) : Cantab. 

12 Oct. 28. an erasure in A. 



COMPARISON OF KALENDARS 
NOVEMBER. 



241 



Feasts, 
&c. 
Oxon. 


M. 


E. 
1604 


K. 
1520 


Cam. 


Feasts, 
&c. 
Cantab. 


Paris. 




i d $ 

26$ 

3 f 

4 


n. le 
n. le 


n. le 

n. le 


n. le. p 
n. le. p 


n. le 
n. le 


(7) 

Gl 


n. le (Bejan.) 
n. le 
(//,. univ.) fe. 
freincipiuntl 


i 

2 

3 


5 A 
6 b 4? 

7 c 
8 d O] 1 

Q G A 

10 f 

ii g $.8 

12 A /i. 2 


n. dis 
n. le 

n. le 

n. dis 
n. le 


n.dis 
n. le 
n.dis 
n. le 

n.dis 
n. le 


n. dis 
n. le. p 

n. dis 
n.le.p. 


n. dis 
n. le 

n. dis 
n. le 


e 

<7) 

<T) 


fe. 
curs. 

n. le 
(p,. univ. n. le) 


5 
6 

7 
8 

9 

10 

ii 


13 b 4*. /A 

14 C 


le. fe 


le. fe 


lefe 


le. fe 


QJ 


fe. 


T \ 


15 d <f> 
1 6 e 4>. /x, 
17 f 4? 

18 R 


n. dis 
n. le 
n. le 


n.dis 
n. le 
n. le 


n. dis 
n. le. p 
n. le. p 


n. dis 
n. le 
n. le 


<T) 
m 


(elec. proc.) 


15 

16 


19 AS 
20 b <. /i 

21 C 


n. dis 
n. le 


n.dis 
n. le 


n. dis 
n.le.p. 


n. dis 
n. le 





n. le ultra iii. 
n. le (Nat.) 
(n. le) 


i9 

20 


22 d 4> 

2 3 e $. ju 

24 f 

25 g * 
26 A 
27 b 


le. fe 
n. le 
n. dis 
n. le 
le. fe 


n.dis 
n. le 
n.dis 
n. le 
le. fe 


le. fe 
n.le.p. 
n. dis 
n.le.p. 
le. fe 


(le.Fe 5 ) 
n. le 
n. dis 
n.le 
le fes 


*(/*) 


fe. 
n. le 
n. le vltra iii. 
n. le ; (/x,.) 
n. le (/A) 


22 
23 
24 
25 
26 


28 c 

29 d /x. [z^.] 
30 e $ 


n. dis 
n. le 


n.dis 
n. le 


n. dis 
n.le.p. 


le. fes 
n. dis 
n. le 


e 


n. le 


28 
29 
30 



1 Nov. 8. ('SS. Quatuor coronatorum' B.C.} ' sci Lodowyci* A. interlin. Cf. 
Computes,' p. 1 68. See also Munim. A fad. ii. 452. 

8 Nov. 1 2. ' pro benefactoribus missa cum placebo et dirige.' A. 

3 Nov. 22. Exequie diti Thome Mor' (decani Land.}, et loh. preston. (' le fe' 
dd.): Cantab. 

* Nov. 25. ' Exequie pro benefactoribus'' (' Katerine' add.) Cantab, (et missa in 
astino) : Stat Cantab. 

5 ' The dirige masse at . viij? Lamb's Camb. Orig. Documents, p. 185. 



242 



COMPARISON OF KALENDARS 
DECEMBER. 



Feasts, 
&c. 
Oxon. 


M. 


E. 
1604 


K. 
1520 


Cam. 


Feasts, 
&c. 
Cantab. 


Paris. 




i f 

2 g 

3 A 

4 b r<J>! 8 8 


... 


... 


n. le 


[.]' 


w 
M'" 


(n. le) 
(oct.) fe 

fe 


i 

2 

3 


5 c /tt. 

6 d 3> 

7 e [or /a] 

8 f $ 

9 g 
10 A 


n. dis 

n. le 
le. fe 

n. le 


n.dis 

n. le 
(non) 
lefe 
n. le 
Lefe 6 


n. dis 

n.le.p. 
le. fe 

n. le. p. 

le. fe 


n. dis 

n. le 
le. fes 

n. le 
le. fes 


<*> 

oda 
V 


(vig.) (n. le 
vltra iii) 
n. le. (fi. Nat.) 
(n.le; fi.) 

n. le (fi. Nat.) 
(n. le) 


5 

6 
7 

8 

9 

ro 


it b 














I T 


12 C 














T ? 


13 d * 
Me 


le. fe 


(era- 
sure) 6 


le. fe 


le. fes 


* 


fe. M 


13 
T A 


1C f 














TK 


1 6 g Sap. 
17 A 




o 


... 


Ces. 


O Sap. 


elec. rector, 
(n. le vsque) 


16 

T7 


18 b 














18 


IOC 














TO 


20 d (vtg.) 
21 e * 

22 f 


n. dis 
n. le 


n.dis 
n. le 


n. dis 
n.le.p. 


n. dis 
n.le 


vigil 
* 


n.le 


20 
21 

?3 


23 CT 














?3 


24 A (PIP 1 .^ 












n. le vsque 


? 1 


25 b 3> 
26 c ^ 

27 d < 
28 e < 
29 f < 
3 g 


n. dis 
n. le 
n. le 
n. le 
n. le 


n.dis 
n. le 
n. le 
n. le 
n. le 


P- 
P- 
P- 
P- 
P 


... 


-e- ---- -e--- 


n. le 
n. le 
n. le 
n. le 
n. le (Nat.) 
n. le 


25 
26 

27 
28 
2 9 
TO 


31 A 4> [w.] 


... 


n. le 


... 


... 


<#> 


(?n. le) 


31 



Dec. i. ' Prime die veneris aduentus dm erit gcneralis processio ' : add. Cantab. 
' Dec. 3. ' Primo die veneris aduentus dni exequie dni Will' mi Bateman in aula 
Cunwile ' : Cantab. 

Dec. 4. ' Deposicio S. Osmundi ' add. A. ' Dirige ' B. ' non le. non dis ' add. A. 

Dec. 8. Fest. Concep. B. V. duplex festum et solempne : Stat. Cantab. 

Dec. 9. ' le fe ' interlin. A. 

Dec. 13. See Lucie virginis. non le nisi fe. A. 

Dec. 16 (or 17;. Cessacio lecture magistrornm B. (C. add.). Missa pro henrico 
de luci comite Lyncoln : B. * Dec. 30. See p. 215. 



COMPARISON OF KALENDARS : TERMS 243 

From the foregoing Table of Comparison the reader will observe 
that the chief ecclesiastical festivals in the Kalendar (generally speaking 
' double feasts,' and often ' red-letter days ') were kept as ' non le ' 
holidays in both Universities. 

Also that a mass for a benefactor of the University was, generally 
speaking, likewise a ' non-le ' day, preceded by a ' non dis,' in regard to 
his ' dirge ' *. 

A certain number of saints' days marked '(<)' were not kept 
as university holidays. The majority of these were feasts of only 
'three lessons,' and what we should call only 'black-letter days.' 
The great similarity of the Oxford and Cambridge non-lecture days 
is so noticeable that we may with confidence ascribe the origin 
of both to the OLD KALENDAR of the UNIVERSITY of PARIS. In 
the last named we may take notice of the general rule that 'In 
quocumque festo non legitur, in vigilia non disputatur.' (Kal. Vet. 
Univ. Parts., add. in mense lanuario, vide supra, p. 199.) 



Archiv, E. 1604, adds the following note on leaf 131 b : 

f Beginneth the 10 of October, 
Michaelmas terme \ ndeth ^ ^ of Decemben 

Christmas, or ( Beginneth the 14 of Janu: 

Hillari term I Endeth the Satursday t seuenight before Easter, 

f Beginneth the Wednesday seuenenightafterEaster, 
I Endeth the Thursday before Whitsunday. 

( Beginneth the Wednesday after trinitie Sunday. 
Tnnitie term < ,., . . ., , r T ./ ' 

I Endeth the 6 day of Julie. 

The Act is commonlie the Satursday t following ' '. 

1 The word ' dirge] so common in academical, diaries, is derived from the opening 
of the first antiphon at ' Mattins for the Dead,' ' Dirige, Domine Deus meus, in 
conspectu tuo viam meant.' The first antiphon at the previous evensong of the 
Departed was ' Placebo Domino in regions viuorum.' f = sic. 

4 On the Terms and Vacations, see above, pp. 24, 25, 127, 167 ; and below, 
Index II, pp. 269-70. 



R 2 



ADDITIONAL NOTES 



Pages 5-6, note 6. On examining the two MSS. at Trinity College, Cambridge 
(B. 14. 39, If. 276 ; B. 15. 38, If. i48 b meditacio nocturna : there is a similar hand 
for meditacio diurna on If. 149), I observe that they both have a close resemblance 
to the carved fifteenth-century panel ' Manus meditacionis ' in Bishops Cannings 
Church, Wilts. 

In Trin. Coll. Cam. MS. R. 14. 52, after the treatises of Roger Bacon, recipes, 
&c. A. D. 1458, there occur on If. 255 certain tables of the kalendar to show the 
time of day by the shadow, and then on If. 257, two hands drawn to teach the 
musical notes or tonic sol-fa. 



23. At Trinity College, Cambridge, there is also a good seventeenth-century 
MANUSCRIPT of the OXFORD UNIVERSITY STATUTES (MS. R. 15. 3). It is a folio 
of 41 1 pages measuring 12^ x 8 inches. It opens with a Kalendar such as we have 
printed from Archiv. B. on the uneven-numbered pages from p. 81 to p. 103, above. 
Then follow the Sequentiae Quatuor Evangeliorum, (See my Salisbury Ceremonies 
and Processions, 1901, p. 17.) The votive gospel de S. Cruce, for Fridays, ascribed 
to Alcuin. Missale Sarum, 748*-75O*, ' In illo tempore, Ascendens Jesus, Matt. 
xx. 17-19. After this, ' Translatio Univ. [Oxon.] de loco ad locum. (Printed by 
Mr. Anstey, Mun. Acad., pp. 367-9, at the beginning pf his vol. ii.) Next, the 
Oxford Statutes, with many marginal notes, as for revision, ' Superfluum,' ' Anti- 
quotum' ' Novum} ' Probatum,' ' Referendum ad personas privilegiatas' and 
with the marks | = Reiecta ; oo = mutata, and references to Archiv. A, B, C, and 
D. On p. 355 are scribblings, ' This booke wass writt by D r Heath (?) in the time 
of .... Sir Thomas Osebome nothing ollow then before Charels Cuts, Thomas 
Cutt. I am sory that Thiss should be so thick. This Robafl from Thomas nocton, 
. . at (his) high (?) from Noctton, this for John Boswell. Your seruant Robert 
Boswell. John Boswell, lincolnshier, to Charels Peidgeon.' 

1 Secretum de emendate Statutorum Exemplar! Bibliothecae publicae inserendo. 
A. 1617, lunii 21. N. 47. i.' 

The seventeenth-century transcript of the Kalendar, at the beginning of the 
volume, agrees pretty closely with Archiv./?., but in the month of January omits the 
Octave of St. Thomas M., on Jan. 5, and the ' Dirige' at Jan. 21. Feb. 23, omits 
' S. luliane' (which is struck through in MS. B.). Apr. 19 is marked c non le.' (cf. 
p. 87, ' proximo die non legibili post elect.,' &c.). Apr. 23 ' Gregory ' {for 
' Georgii '). On Apr. 26, 29, there is no notice taken of the Chicheley and Beaufort 
masses. May 21, ' S. Germani' omitted. On June 15 and 24 'Dirige' omitted. 
In July, the ' Missa de cessatione Trinitatis ' is placed on the 6th as by the corrector 
in B. On Aug. 6 and 7 no notice is taken of the Transfiguration and Holy Name 
which are insertions in B. Nov. 12, ' de Gray' for ' le Grey.' Nov. 24, ' Cryso- 
goni' {for ' Grysogoni,' B.}. Dec. 5 ' pro requie ' (for ' de Requie,' B.~). Dec. 39, 
S. Thomas Abp. M. is not noted. (Erased in B.) 



ADDITIONAL NOTES ON PAGES 8-72 245 

68-79. Obliterated passages, marginalia, &c., in the 'Chancellor's Book,' 
MS. Archiv. A. 

Subsequently to the printing of the text of the old kalendar just mentioned, 
I have, through the kindness of the Rev. T. Vere Bayne, the Keeper of the Archives, 
been given another opportunity of examining the MS. Although I was unfortunate 
in having a cloudy day for my inspection, I will offer such fragmentary notes as, 
with Mr. Madan's kind help, I am able to produce. 

68. Jan. 6, 18, &c. The entries in small print ' Epiphania dm,' ' See Prisce 
v'gis,' &c., are insertions in a fifteenth-century hand. 

Jan. 22. The interlined 'dirige' and ' missa' are in. a fourteenth-century hand. 

[It is explained by the note cited in Mun. Acad. iL 372. 'Missa pro anima 
Walteri Neel in die S. Vincentij martyris cum diacono et subdiacono ; cum placebo, 
et dirige in vigilia.'] 

Jan. 24-26. The addition ' Et huic misse . . . ' was probably made about 1525. 

At the foot of the January column I read further after ' diacono et subdiacono de 
. . .' and some such word as ' defnnctis ' (or ' requiem '),...' CUOT oraczombus 
Inclina, domine, Fidelium, ^ue-rumus, domine, amimabus, Deus, ^ui caritatis dona, 
\J3eus a quo], 

These prayers were prescribed for the obit of Walter Neel and J. Shepey. See 
Mun. Acad. i. 168. They may be found in the Sarum Breviary (ii. 282) in Laudibus 
Mortuorum, (ii. 254) in suffragiis post Letaniam, with the exception of the second 
(' Fidelium? &c.), which is perhaps intended for 'Miserere, quesumus, Domine, 
jidelium,' and is like the secreta oratio in the Mass Salus populi. See Missale 
Sarum, 742*, or ' Fidelium, Deus, omnium conditoret redemptor, animabus, &c., as 
in the Breviary, ii. 533, pro omnibus fidelibus defunctis. 

69. Feb. 10. ' See Scolastice v'g Missa,' apparently added in the fourteenth 
century, at some date subsequent to the ordinance against the Burgesses in 1353. 

Feb. ii. ' Obitwj Eliz. nuper regine' in a hand of Henry VIHth's time. 
Under Feb. 28, at the foot of the column, an entry is hopelessly obliterated. 
TO. March 7, ' sco )? thome de aquino ' added, and blotted. 
March 1 7, ' pro henrico 4.' written in the margin, against ' dirige.' 

71. April 10. Cardinal Beaufort's benefaction of 500 marcs for the new 
Divinity Schools is mentioned in Mun. Acad. i. 333 (Mar. 5, 1448). He died 
April ii, 1447. There is an ordinance for the application of this legacy, ibid. 

ii. 567- f 

April 28. The note ' non dps] ' (which we print in small type) is a seventeenth- 
century insertion. 

72. May i. The marginal note here (cited in our foot-note on p. 72) about 
the mass for Walter Grey was added about 1 500. There is a note in this same 
MS. A., just after the kalendar, on If. 7. ' E Missa pro anima Walteri de Grey : 
In die sanctorum Philippi et lacobi cum placebo et dirige in vigilia.' To which 
has been added in an old handwriting : ' Obitus de archiepiscopo W. de Grey, 
qui nobis contulit domos ante portam de Smythegate, pro quibus in anno prouidit 
vniuersitas pleno seruicio solempnia fore pro ipso.' 

' ii Missa pro anniversar' Reginaldi sernientis quarto die post festum sancti 
lohannis ante portam latinam [May 6-10] com. placebo et dirige." Arch. A. If. 7. 

A. Wood has left a note {Life and Times, i. 431 a) to the effect that ' Walter 
Grey, abp. of York was owner of seuerall tenements in Oxon, and that called 
Blackball joyning on the west side to Hart hall Jie gave to the Universitie. 
He died on the day of S. Philip and James (i May), on which day yearlie there 
was a solemne mass with a placebo and dirige celebrated for him by the Chancellor 



24.6 ADDITIONAL NOTES ON PAGES 72-82 

and Masters.' (Add. for Hist. Univ. Oxon., ed. Gutch, i. 232.) 'Great Black Hall 
was in Cat-street in St. Peter 's-in-the-East parish, the N. W. corner of Hertford 
College, opposite Smith-gate. (Little Black hall was opposite Brasenose Gate, 
where the Radcliffe Camera now stands.) At one time Wood thought that Black- 
hall was given by Nic. Kyngham, bedel.' City of Oxford, i. 97 ; cf. i. 582, 596 ; 
iii. 272. 

May 15. ' non le ' is in a seventeenth-century hand, but ' See ffredeswyde ' was 
a much earlier insertion. 

May 26. Arch. A. (If. 7) has a memorandum : 

' CL Missa in die sancti Augustini pro magistro Gilberto de sancto Leofardo 
quondam [1288-1305] episcopo Cicestrie.' 

73. Some entry has been erased at June 3rd and 4th. 

June 15. ' Dirige' has been entered, with reference to J. de Langton. The 
note concerning his anniversary mass appears to be in writing of Henry VHIth's 
time. 

June 24. ' dirige,' mentioned in our foot-note on p. 73, was inserted about the 
year 1500. 

June 25. An erasure appears after the name of St. Eloy. The notes ' now le,' 
&c., in the margin are in seventeenth-century writing. In Arch. A. (If. 7) are 
notes : 

' Missa pro anima M rl Henr' de Herclay cum exeqnijs precedentibus. Nota. Et 
hoc specialiter a procuratoribus caneatur vt in omni missa communi dicantur iste 
communes collecte Deus, qui inter apostolicos, &c. [Brev. Sar. ii. 273] et Quesumus, 
Doming, pro tua pietate. [Mtssale, 875*] et Inclina, &c. [Brev. ii. 282] pro bene- 
factoribus diners' cistarum ' in an early hand. Then is added, ' Stattom factum 
apud Ebor' in tribus septimanis sancti Michaelis Anno regni regis Edwardi filij 
Edwardi xij .' (October, 12 Ed. II., 1318.) 

74. July 10. I think I can detect the words ' . . . Missa die cessa[cionis de 
Spiritn Sancto] vt in fo. 43.' 

July 28. Dedicaczo ecclesie beate marie. 

76. The fact that the column for the month of September (in vacation time, 
when no exequies were observed) has been left free from obliterations is noticeable. 
It goes to prove that the blots elsewhere were not the result of mere accident. 

77. October 6. An obliterated entry baffles us. Some letters looking like 
' fuit >ed 9 (? tempus) mesiS.' faintly appear. 

Oct. 28. ' Sanctorum Simonis et lude apostolorum.' 
Oct. 30. ' dirige ' inserted. 

78. November 16, 17, 22, 23 and 25. 

The notes here illegible were probably * Missa : non le,' ' non le,' ' non le nisi 
fe, 1 ' Missa : non le,' and ' non dis.' The masses were for the brothers Cherleton, 
and for the Countess Ela Longespe, the younger, respectively. 

79. The entry respecting St. Osmund must have been made subsequently to 
his canonization in January, 1457. 



8O-1O2 (even-numbered left-hand pages, from the Proctor's Book, Archiv. C.}. 

8O. Jan. 13. For Walter Neel's obit there is an obliterated passage of 
which some words like the following are visible : ' Istis . . diebus now fient d[ispu- 
taciones] cum . . . ordinarie vsitatis . . . fo. 21.' 

82. Feb. 22. Arch. C* has also a note in the margin: 'Obijt dux Gloc' 
anno domini \ 4 xlvii [i. e. 1447] . . . lij.* The concluding word perhaps designates 
the place where he died in prison. 



ADDITIONAL NOTES ON PAGES 84-100 247 

84. References to 'fo. 35 and 36,' ' fo. 38,' and To. 118' are written against 
March 2nd, i2th, and I7th (the obits of Turville, Gildeford, and King Henry IV). 

March 30. The word ' Scrutatoribus,' inserted here in a late sixteenth-century 
hand, does not really belong to that day, but is part of an unfinished registration of 
an election of proctors in 1592. The lower margin of Arch. A. was utilized for 
such purposes about 1588-1607. 

86. At the foot of the April page in C. is a note : Nota quod misa f pro 
henrico [Chichele archiepiscop fiat] die martis post initium termini . . .' The 
ordinance of May 24 and June 5, 1432, prescribed a mass preceded by exeqniae 
mortuorum on the anniversary day of his death 'si commode fieri poterit, seu 
alio viciniore sequenti, saltern non legibili.' (Mun* Acad. i. 297-8.) Abp. 
Chichele's death occurred on April 12, 1443. 

88. References to 'fo. 31 and 32,' ' fo. 22," ' fo. 32,' and 'fo. 32 ' are entered 
in the margin of Arch. C. with reference to obits on May 6 (Selton), 10 (Reginald 
le bedel), 15 (Robery), and 26 (Leofard). 

9O. June 1 6. Langton's requiem. A reference given to 'fo. 36 = 42.' 

June 20. ' Translatio S. Edwardi regis et martyris ' a later entry, perhaps of the 
seventeenth century. 

June 25. Hercley's name had been erased, and was subsequently restored. A 
reference is given to ' fo. 22 = 28.' 

92. At July 5, a reference to ' fo. 20= 26 ' for the ' Cessacio Trinitatis.' 

1OO. There are several references in November, viz. to ' fo. 21 = 27,' ' fo. 130 
et note ibidem,' ' fo. 21 = 27,' ' fo. 22 = 28,' and 'fo. 21 = 27,' for Nov. 12 (Wa. Grey's 
obit), 13 (Danvers), 16 (K. Henry III), 20 (Charleton), and 29 (Q. Eleanor). 

Nov. 23. I read in the margin, as to the Countess Ela's mass, ' cum sequencia 
et simbolo.' The Nicene Creed was recited at mass only on certain days, and not 
e. g. at capitular masses of the Departed. Ela's mass being a mass of the Holy 
Ghost had before the Gospel its sequence, ' Vent, Sancte Spiritus, et emilte celitus,' 
as in Sarum Missale, p. 744* ; or else ' Sancti Spiritus assit nobis gratia ' (as in 
Brev. Sarum ii. 504) which was properly the Whitsunday sequence (Missale, p. 426). 



81-103. (uneven-numbered right-hand pages, from the Proctor's Book, Arch. .~). 

81. Jan. 5. ' Octa Scti Thomae ' inserted by a seventeenth-century hand. 

At the foot of p. 81 is the name ' Jeukinus Vaughan Procurator,' written doubt- 
less in 1614. 

83. Feb. 7. The marginal note which we have printed at the foot of p. 83 
is in a sixteenth-century hand. 

89. May 15. For Rowbery's mass the reference 'fo. 62' is added. And 
this I think may be the illegible reference at the end of oar foot-notes to p. 89. 

91. June 13. After 'Sci Antonij' is entered an astronomical symbol to 
indicate ' Sol in Cancro! 

95. August 6-7. The entries of the late fifteenth-century festivals of the 
Transfiguration and the Most Holy Name appear to me not to have been added here 
(in Arch. B.) until the seventeenth century. They do not appear at all in the 
earlier MSS. Arch. A. and C. 

99. October u. 'S. Edwardi regis' was originally written here, but for 
some reason has been erased. This was St. Edward the Martyr. 

About Nov. 1 8, the Master Ri. Lichfild, mentioned in the note recorded at the 
foot of the October page (99 .) was LL.D. and Archdeacon of Bath 1460, and 
Middlesex 1476, and was buried in St. Paul's in 1497. 

\ 'misa' (sic). 



248 ADDITIONAL NOTES ON PAGES 101-119 

1O1. Novembers. 'Hoc die (1602) publica Academiae bibliotheca, a M ro 
Bodleio restaurata, aperiebatur.' After this appears the obliteration of an early 
note, in which I detect the words '. . . a principio euangelij vsque [ad iii.] agnus 
dei' This refers probably to the anniversary of Walter de Grey, Abp. of York 
(OP. 1255), who was commemorated in November as well as in May, the month in 
which he died. As to the rule against leaving the church before Agnus Dei was 
finished, see above pp. 68, 80 . 



1O8. At Peterhonse, MS. i. o. 7. contains Sophismata Gulielmi Heytesbury, 
a late fourteenth-century MS., beginning If. 141 ' Omnis homo est omnis homo.' 
At Corpus College, Cambridge, MS. Parker, 378, contains, on paper, in a fifteenth- 
century hand, Sophistria academic Cantabrigiensis. ' Proposicio est oracio indica- 
tiua congrue et perfecte . . . descriptio est insufficiens.' (Then ' Benefundatum pre- 
exigit debitum,' four leaves. [By W. Chubbes, fell, of Pemb. Hall, first Master 
of Jesus Coll., Camb., 1497.] It is a logic primer, and was afterwards printed. See 
Dome's Day Book, Oxford Hist. Soc. Collectanea, i. 149 ; ii. 456.) 



119. The Cisioianus and its variations. 

To our specimens of Cisioianus variants we might have added : 

(u) Cisio lanus Epi super adde Ben. Hil. Fe. Mau. Marcel. 

from a Durham kalendar, Brit. Mus. MS. Harl. 1804 (cir. 1400), which R. T. 
Hampson appends at the foot of an earlier Exeter kalendar, Medii Aevi Kalen- 
darium, i. 449-60. ' Ben ' is Benedict Biscop. Other saints noted and noticeable 
in this Durham kalendar are: Guthlac and Wulfrid, April n and 24; Bedae 
commemoratio, May 27; William and Botulph, June 8 and 17; Karilef and 
Bosili commemoratio, July i and 8. (The last line appended to July, p. 455, 
seems to belong more properly to June) ; Oswyn and Ebbe, August 20 and 25 ; 
Eustace, Edmund, and Hilda, Nov. 2, 16, and 17. (Hilarion, abb. Oct. 21, and 
Godric, erem. May 21, appear in the almanac, though not in the verses.) 

(12) Cisio lanus epi. sibi seq[itur] Oc. Fe. Mau. Mar. Sul. 
in Bodl. Oxon. Digby MS. 29 (4) If. 9, from the pen of Robert Stapulton. 

The Cisio ianus, and its variations. Mr. Bickley has very kindly sent us notes 
of six other MSS. in the British Museum, to be added to those described on pp. 137- 
47, 350-2. 

(13) Brit. Mus. MS. Cotton Julius A. vi. The Kalendar begins : 

' Principium iani sancit tropicus capricornus *. 
Incipit hie ianus cui traditur astraeaf capra 8 . 

(14) Brit. Mus. MS. Cotton Vesp. E. xvi. fo. 76. Prooem. ' Cum in vnaquaque 
sciencia est vnum generale in quod resoluuntur omnia que sunt in ista sciencia . . . 
Et hec de tempore tarn breviter ad presens sufficiunt.' 

Text : ' Filius esto dei . . . Gloss : ' Pro littere dominicalis inuencione secun- 
dum ordinem digiti compositi deseruiunt isti versus . . .' (Imperfect?) 
' Cisio ianus epi. lucianus et hil fe. man. mar. sulp. 
Pris. wul. fab. ag. vin. pete, paulum iul. agne. batil.' &V. 

(15) Brit. Mus. MS. 12 E. xvi. fo. 58. Text : ' Filius esto dei ... Gloss: 

1 Cf. MS. Cotton Titus D. xxvii., R. T. Hampson, Medii Aevi Kalendarium, 
* 435- 

2 Cf. MSS. Cotton Galba A. xviii.,y/. A. vi., Hampson, Medii Aevi Kal. i. 397 
(with margin and notes). 



ADDITIONAL NOTES ON PAGES 119-138 249 

Compotus iste diuiditur in sex partes, quarum prima docet inuenire literam domini- 
calem . . .' (Cf. p. 139.) 

' Cisio ian. ed. epi. lucianus et hil. fe. man. mar. snl. 
Pris. wl. fab. ag. vin. pete, paulum iul. agne. batil.' 

(16) Brit. Mus. MS. Harl. 2369, fo. 24. Text : ' Filius esto dei . . .' fo. 26 b . 
A. B. C. sunt extra . . .' 

fo. 27 b . ' Cisio ian. ed. ephi. lucianus et il. ffe. mau. mar. sul.' 

(17) Brit. Mus. MS. Egerton, 824. 

fo. I. Gloss: 'Licet modo, ffc. proprio ponit in fine temporum . . .' (Cf. 
pp. 138, 140, 144-5, 147.) fo. 12. Text: 'Aureus in iano numerus . . .' 

(18) Brit. Mus. MS. Egerton, 2622. 

fo. 2. Text : ' Filius esto dei . . .' ' Cum bissextus . . .' fo. 3. ' A. B. C. sunt 
extra . . .' Gloss: 'Pro littere dominicalis inuencione . . .' (cf. no. 14, above), 
' Positis istis duabus diccionibus celum bonus . . .' 

In the Cisio ianus: 

' Cisio ian. ed. epi . . . sul. 

Pris. vul.' &c. 

(Text ends) ' . . . Septima dat primam, sextam pede dena, decemque.' 



136-148. Some additions may be made to our List of Books on the Computus. 
ALGORISMUS COMPOTI VERSIFICATUS. ' Hec algorismus ars presens dicitur, 
in qua.' Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, MS. Parker, 37, f. 47 b . ' Hie incipit 
Algorismus Hie t algorismus . . .' ; Trinity College, Cambridge, MS. O. 5. 4 (like 
the foregoing a large folio, containing also the Massa Compoti), fo. 275 b -8i. 
' Hie incipit algorismus integrorum. Hie algorismus . . . (with gloss, ' Liber iste, 
quern pre manibus ...'); J- O- Halliwell printed the text of the verses, 
' Hec )* algorismus ars presens dicitur, in qua 
Talibus Indorum fruimur bis quinque figuris, 

o, 9 8 > 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, i 

ending ... A dextris digitum servando prius documentum,' 

from Brit. Mus. MS. 12. E. I, in his Rara Matkematica, 8vo Lond. Parker, 1839, 
pp. 73-83. Another Parker MS. C. C. C. C. cod. 456, quarto, has ' Hec algori- 
smus,' f. 46 b , with Sphera and Compotus. At Trin. Coll., Cam., MS. O. i. 31, ' Hec 
algorismus . . . pro summa petita.' Explicit Algorismus bonus et vtilis (quod 
Johannes B.) A.D. 1419, fo. i-i8 b . MS. Coll. Gonv. Cai. 141, contains (before 
the computus), ' Incipit Algorismus in integris [a/, integrornm] Hec algorismus . . . 
Liber iste, qd' f pre manibus . . . Iste liber . . . dicitur algorismus ab Algore rege,' 
&c. ' Algorismus figurarum. Cautele algorismi. Algorismus minucciarum (al. 
in minucijs). Regule algorisme f,' &c. 

138. Beda (in fine). Digby MS. 56, If. i6s b ; cf. ff. 212, 217. Digby MS. 
191. ' Hie est sapientia totius martirologij, et dicitur Manus Bede' 

BRIDFRITH, or BRIGHTEFERT, RAMESEGANUS, a monk of Ramsbury, cir. 
A. D. 980. Compotus Latinorum et aliorum. MS. Ashmole, 328 . 

Compotus Manualis cum versibus, Secundum usum Sarum : 

Sloane MS., 1620 (saec. xiv), If. 15. 

' Compotus est scientia considerans tempora ex solis et lune motibus et eorum 
adinuicem coequacione distincta. Sciendum est ergo, quod inter Latinos primo 
Romulus diuidebat tempora per annos et per menses . . . ' ; ends ' Sunt enim xii. 
menses, quibus nunc vtitur ecclesia, quorum ordo patet per hunc versum, etc. la : 
Fe : Mar: etc.' 1 (alia manu). 



250 ADDITIONAL NOTES ON PAGES 138-142 

The comment begins : ' Computus iste diuiditur in sex pertes t, quarum prima 
docet inuenire literam dominicalem. Secunda docet inuenire ntunerum aurenm . . .' 

On If. 29, the Cisioianus, 

' Cisio ian. ed. ephi. lucianus hil. fe. ma. mar. an. 
Pris. ger. fab. ag. vin. quoque pa[u]l. co. inl. a. se batil.' 

Compotus manualis parvus cum versibus et expositione (saec. xiv.) Sloane MS. 
3024, If. 2. 

' Incipit compotus paruus manualis collectus et extractus partim ex compoto 
theometrali (forsan geometrali vel chirometrali) , et partim ex compoto 
manuali. [QJuor dicitur compotus enim describitur sic. Compotus est scientia 
considerans tempora ex motibus solis et lune, et ex eorum adinuicem coequacione 
distincta . . . ' 

On If. I2 b . ' Cisio ianus e. tra. sibi vendicat oc. sibi mar. an. 
Pris. heu. fab. ag. vincenti paulus nobile lu V 

If. 15. 'A. b. c. sunt extra . . . Filius esto dei.' 

Computo Ecclesiastico, Tractatus de. MS. Bodl. 342 ; 138. 
Carmen de Computo. MS. Bodl. 342 ; 149. 
Compoti tabnlarum explicatio. MS. Bodl. 343 ; 152. 

Compotus Manualis, or ' digitalis," written by one of the Holdenby family of 
Isham, Northamptonshire, in the fifteenth century. Trin. Coll. Cam. MS. O. I. 57, 
If. 21. ' Filius esto dei . . . Pro littere dominicalis inuencione secundum ordinem 
compoti digitalis deseruiunt isti (?) quinque uersus.' (Lf. 23.) 
' Cisio ianus epi. lucianus et hil. fe. mau. mar. sulp. 
Pris. Wist. fab. ag. vin. quoque pau. co. hil. atque batild.' 

ends on If. 31 ... yemis caput est orientis . . . siue primi alphabet!, siue secundi.' 
(Leaves 32-68, lost.) Palmistry hands occur on If. u8 b , and at the end, leaves 
I29 b , 130. 

Compotus manualis. ' Filius esto Dei . . . (gloss) Compotus iste diuiditur in sex 
partes . . . ' (Text ends on p. 44, with many verses, . . . ' Libra est Scorpion 
Architenens Caper Amphora Pisces.') C. C. Coll. Cam. Parker MS. 456, small 
quarto, after Grosseteste ' De Sphaera,' pp. 27-44. A. page and a half left blank 
before ' Hec algorismus! 

' Compound manuell,' ' A treatise of the.' ' Sicut ait Augustinus distinct. 38 
cap. Que ipsis, sacerdotes compotum scire tenentur.' ' Hec sunt signa poli . . . 
Augurior, decies . . . Incipiunt lulij pridie ydus caniculares.' A MS. treatise, 
sixteenth century, on paper in Parker MS. 169 (bound up with a copy of the 
Kalendar of Shephardes,' printed by W. Powell for J. Walley, 1559). The MS. 
occupies pp. 497-551, ending with thirty-six lines ' Impare par . . . Mobilis . . . 
coeuos. Christus factns homo lanat omnes redditu f tno.' 

ELVEDON, Walter, of Gonville Hall, Cam. cir. 1330. At C. C. Coll. C. Parker 
MS. 37, a tall folio, is inscribed on If. 27 ' Kalendarium Eluendene! It contains 
also Theorica Campani de motibus planetarum. At If. 36 ' Numerus est multitudo 
. . .' Lf. 37 b , another kalendar. Lf. 46, ' Liber compoti. Aureus in lano . . . 
Mobilis ' ends If. 476. ' Mobilis ibo ciphos ace liber habeto coeuas f." (I count 
here 367 verses.) 

GROSSETESTE, Ro., Episcopus Lincolniensis, 1175-1253. 

Parker MS. 439, is a small quarto, written in double columns. ' Capitulum i. 
De causa bisexti . . . Cap. xii. de aduentu et de temporibus quatuor ieiuniorum. 
[C]ompotus est sciencia numeracionis.' (The treatise is mainly in prose, but it 
ends ) ' . . . nos admonet, atque Matheus. Explicit compotus ecclesiasticus dni 



ADDITIONAL NOTES ON PAGES 142-146 251 

robert grosseteste epi lincolniensis.' There is a circle and two leaves of kalendar 
computation. 

In MS. Coll. Gonv. Cai. 141. The same treatise occupies leaves 57-92, and is 
inscribed ' Incipit compotus episcopi lincolniensis. Compotus est sciencia . . . ' It 
is here preceded by ' Algorismus] and followed by ' Compotus -versificatus sub 
compendia? ' Licet modo . . . quod queris semper haberi.' 

Grosseteste's treatise De Sphaera has been printed, fo. Venice, 1508, p. 87 (Camb. 
Univ. Libr. 20. 9. 43). Also in the collection of tracts upon that subject, printed 
by L. A. Junta, fo. Venice, 1531-2, If. i66-i68 b . (' Intentio nostra ....') 

KALENDARIUM : Ars kalendarii. Trin. Coll. Cant. MS. R. 7. 23, fo. 231. 
' Per veterum sagacitatem quia mira subtilitate planetarum cursum, et temporum 
considerabant distinctiones . . .' fo. 244 b . 

'Circumcisus Adam fac Epiphania feritur 
Illarius fidit Fabianus gignitur Agnes 
Addo Vincentem doceat Conuersio Pauli . . .' 

(This variety of ' Cisioianus ' ends on fo. 295, 

' Ex te, Christe bone, natalis festa feruntur.') 
It is found also in MS. Gonv. Cai. 137, p. a, in the form 

' Circumcisum } Adam focus Epiphania feretur 
Illarius fidis Fabianus gingitat (al. ' gignitur ') Agnes 
Addo Vincenti dociat"t" Conuersio Pauli 
Brigida dauiticus eat vt Purgacio Matris,' &c. 

Trin. Coll. Cam. MS. R. 15. 18. quarto. A Kalendar of the Sarum type. ' Hoc 
prius kalendarium, cum tabulis sequentibus ad simplicium sacerdotum clericorum- 
que instruccionem ex diuersis orthodoxorum pract." Kalendar Tables, A.D. 1502- 
1578. Then an older one: 'Ad noticiam tabularum et kalendarij sequentium 
primo ponitur tabula docens legere algorismum.' Also a Table for 140 years from 
A.D. 1364. Kalendar, Tabula planetarum, &c. 

Trin. Coll. Cam. MS. O. 2. 5 (after the Massa Compoti}, If. 43. ' Hie incipit ars 
kalendarij. Per veterum sagacitatem composita fuit kalendan'tt.r qui vna subtilitate 
planetarum cursus . . .' If. 45. ' Circumcisus Adam . . .' ends. If. 51. ' . . . no- 
strum emisperium. C In alio a 1 Recessit a nostro emisperio. Amen. Hie liber 
est scriptus, qui scripsit [sit benedictus]. Explicit ars kalendarij. (In this volume 
there appear some diagrams of hands on If. 388-9, not for the computus, but for 
palmistry. They are very rudely drawn.) 

LAMBERTUS. Ratio et brevis Expositio de Compute. Epistola Engiscalchi archi- 
presbyteri, Lamberto directa ; deinde respondet Lambertus, ' lussistis etiam mee 
vilitatis industrie . . . Decennovennalis circulus dicitur . . . ' B. Pez, Dissertatio 
Isagogica ad Anecdota, I. i. pp. xxv, xxvi. 

MATTHAEUS. Computus Ecclesiasticus. ' Augustini auctoritate freti in domo 
Dei . . . ' B. Pez, Anecd. I. i. p. xxvi. 

' Menses dicuntnr a mensura . . . ' Trin. Coll. Cam. MS. O. 7. 41, If. 24, after 
Tables of movable feasts upon a folding sheet. 

NIGRELLIUS, magister. Ars doctrinalis, que computus.appellatur. Pez. Anecd., 
ubi supra. 

PULCHRO ANNO, lohannes de. MS. Bodl. 342, fo. 50. 

ROSENHEIM, Petrus de. Floruit cir. A.D. 1419. Prior of Rosenheim. Com- 
putus. B. Pez. Anecd. I. i. p. xxvi. 

SACROBOSCO (de Cathelonia), J. de. De compute. MSS. Bodl. 341. 112; 
1285. 107; 1522. 43. 



252 ADDITIONAL NOTES ON PAGES 146, 147 

Algorismus de Integris et Minutiis, ' Propter multiplicis laboris alleuiationem 
. . . a se elicere hec pro nunc dicta sufficiant,' in Trin. Coll. Cam. MS. R. a. 86. 
ff. 1-14, quarto. In the same library is a printed 8vo volume containing : 
(i) 'lohannis de sacro busto libellns de Sphaera. 

Accessit eiusdem autoris computus ecclesiasticus. 
et alia quaedam in studiosorum gratiam edita. 
cum praefatione Philippi Melanthonis. Vitebergse. 
mense August. a Q 1531. 

Proemium autoris. Tractatum de sphaera quatuor capitulis distinguimus . . . i. 
Sphaera igitur ab Euclide . . . ' [stf. A-I.] 

(a) ' Libellus loannis de Sacro Busto, de anni ratione, 
seu, ut vocatur nulgo, Computus Ecclesiasticus. 
Cum praefatione Philippi Melanthonis. (Mense Augusto, 1538). 1545. 

Proemium autoris. Computus est scientia considerans tempora ex solis et lunae 
motibus . . . 

De partibus temporis minoribus die. Quadrans est quarta pars diei naturalis . . . 
(ends} Ecclesie Christi, quod nos hie fructificemus. Amen.' 

(3) On rig. Q. a : ' Cisio I anus in carmine redactus, quo facilius a pueris edisci 
possit. 

Cisio, lanus, Epi, sibi uen-di-cat, Oc, Fe-li, Marc. An. 
Prisca, Fab, Hag, Vin-c.en-ti, Pau-lus no-bi-le lu-men. 

(4) Themata xci. autore Erasmo Reinholdo Salueldensi. 

Impressum Viteburgse 

apud Vitum Crentzer 

Anno. 1545.' 

J. Sacrobosco de Arte Numerandi, printed in Halliwell's Rara Mathematica, 
pp. 1-26, ' Omnia que a primeua . . . De extractione radicum dicta sufficient,' has 
in its opening an echo from the Arithmetica of Boethins. 

VILLA DEI, Alexander , author of Doctrinale Puerortim, cir. A.D. 1209. His 
Massa Compoti was so called ' sicut de multis laminis aeris in conflatorio massa 
una efficitur.' See Bodl. MSS. 360, n ; massa, 360, 138; 361, 91; 1285, 93*; 
1522, 187; cf. 342, 149; 342, 151; 361, $i c (comment.} ; 1471, 83. MS. Bodl. 
Digby 28 (mentioned already, with others, on p. 147) is an early thirteenth-century 
MS. We may add to our list MS. Digby a2, fo. 25-41 ; and Digby 228, fo. 3 b -7, 
imperfect. Trin. Coll. Cam. MS. O. 5. 4, a large folio, contains (next after 
' Algorismns') on fo. 28i b , Massa compoti 'Licet . . . codices . . . Auxiliante Deo 
paro tempora scribere metro . . . Aureus in lano . . . f. 282. Sequitur inuencio 
anrei numeri. (f. 285) Mobilis ibo cifos a te liber habito cifosf. aL habeto 
coeuos. 

Sillaba dat mensem prima, secunda diem, (gloss) Mobilis ibo : In istis versibns 
sunt septem dicciones . . . et ista sufficiant de massa compoti. Explicit massa 
compoti. (Then on column 2) Compotus manualis. Compotus iste diuiditur in 
.6. partes . . . Filius esto dei . . . (gloss) Isti versus deseruiunt . . . (end on fo. 287% 
col. i) Mar. ma. lul. Oc. Senas, reliqnis dabit minor unus . . . minor esto 
duabus. (gloss) Dtto primi versus deseruiunt ad inneniendum quot nonas . . . 
docent quot dies habet quilibet mensis.' Then one and a quarter columns 
blank. 

Besides MS. Gonv. Cai. 341, MS. 141 contains (next after the Computus of 
[Grosseteste, Bp. of] Lincoln), at If. 93, ' Incipit compotus versificatus sub com- 
pendia. Licet modo in fine temporum plnres constet habere codices . . . Aureus 



ADDITIONAL NOTES ON PAGES 147-153 253 

in lano numerus . . . (gloss) Hie ponit auctor modnm formandi aureum nnmerum . . . 
Qua mediante potest quod queris semper haberi. Explicit.' The total number of 
verses here is (I believe) 531. The gloss is written in the margin, besides which 
there are some interlinear glosses 1 . 

MS. Gonv. Cai. 341, 12. 'Hie incipit massa comfoti. Licet modo . . . codices 
(gl. i[d est] libros). . . . Iste versus consequitur (dicit) quotus est numerus aureus 
singnlis annis per dinisionem annorum domini, Ignorans numerum, &c. . . . Aureus 
in lano . . .' Here I count about 506 verses in the text. There is no ' Cisioianus.' 
Lf. 109, a kalendar in two columns. 

MS. Gonv. Cai. 137, fo. 71. ' (L)icet modo . . . Iste liber in prima sui diuisione 
. . .' (Imperfect ; and the initials have not been put in by the rubricator.) 

MS. Gonv. Cai. 385, p. 358. 'Licet modo . . . *; p. 359, ' Aureus in lano . . .' 
On p. 363, diagram of a hand in the lower margin. Ends on p. 377 ' Qua mediante 
potest quod queris -f- habere.' Explicit tractatus de tabulis. (I count here 512 + 4 
lines.) The gloss extends only to p. 374. On pp. 378-9, a kalendar in three 
columns. 

148. WIERAMMUS. De Beda excerptus de Compute liber. B. Fez. Dissert, 
isagog. ad Anecd. ii. p. xxvi. ' Quis primus inuenit menses . . .' 

For our list of writings on the ' Computns ' I may add from S. Ayscough's 
Catalogue of the Sloane MSS., &c. in the British Museum. 

Sloane MS. 263, 39. BAEDAE Versus de xii mensibus (? saec. riij. 

Sloane MS. 3540. DIONYSIUS. Tres tabule super kalendarium. 

Sloane MS. 263. HELPERICUS. De Compote. 

Sloane MS. 282. Kalendarium ad meridiem univ. Oxon., A.D. 1380. 

Sloane MS. 407. W. REDE. Tabule, secundnm meridiem Oxon., p. 38 ; cf. 
ibid., p. 33. Also in the same volume Tables by ALPHONSUS, BEDFORD, BRAGUS, 
CURTIS, FARESBY, Duke HUMPHREY OF GLOUCESTER, KYLLINGWORTH, 
RANDOLPH, &c. For Sloane MSS. 1620, 3024, see above, pp. 249, 250. 



153. The Cambridge Computus Manualis. On p. 119 I have mentioned two 
MSS. ' in ' or ' secundum vsum Cantabrig? Of these Digby MS. 15, by a scribe 
named ' Bernys,' or Barnes, occupies eleven leaves. It begins like several others 
(see p. 139) ' Computus iste diuiditur in sex partes.' The metrical portion begins 
' Filius esto Dei ' (cf. pp. 135, 161), and consists of about eighty lines, in about 
twenty sections, including a Cisioianus (no. 5, mentioned on pp. 118, 119). The 
other, in Digby MS. 81, occupies only six pages (If. 8-io b ) partly paper, partly 
vellum, and consists of only forty-four lines of verse, divided into twelve sections, 
with a prose gloss to each, from the pen of J. de Marisco (see p. 145). It begins 

' Compotus iste dividitur in quinque partes, quarum prima docet inuenire festa 
immobilia: 

Cisio ian. ed. Ephi. lucianns et hil. fe. man. mar. Sul.' 

Later in the same volume (If. 35) is ' Thome de Mercato commentaries super librum 
Dionysij Exigui de compoto ecclesiastical in which there are 358 lines, beginning 
' Aureus in lano numerus ' ; followed by fifty on the festivals ; then Arbor numera- 
K$ t beginning ' Phalerata grauibns.' Then, another Cisioianus (If. 6s b ). Another 
similar collection is bound up at the end. 

There was formerly bound up with certain tracts in the library of Peterhouse, 
Cambridge, and written (like the Digby MS. 81) on paper and vellum intermixed, 

1 The curious reading ' radices ' for ' codices ' occurs in MS. Trin. O. a. 5. 



254 ADDITIONAL NOTES ON PAGES 153-196 

e. g. De SpAera, Albttmazar, Messehalla[tk~], and lergis as an ancient table of 
contents shows a Computus Manualis secundum M\agistrum\ T. de N[ouo~\ 
M{ercatu~\, in the volume now marked ' 2. 5. i,' which was formerly the property 
of T. Dtynman (al. Denham) medicus, Master of Peterhouse in 1500-16. 
I gather that the book was carried to the Deanery at Ely (like the old portrait of 
the Founder, Hugo de Balsham, Bp. of Ely) by Dr. Andrew Perne, who held the 
deanery with the mastership in 1557-89. The volume was subsequently restored : 
but the Cambridge Computus had been removed from it at an earlier date. 
Peterhouse has also lost a copy of Computus Ecclesiasticus Campani, lent in 
1 556 to Dr. Dee, the astrologer. It has found its way into the library of Samuel 
Pepys, now at Magdalen College, Cambridge. 



156. The Rev. Andrew Clark, LL.D., has kindly sent me a description of 
a mid-fifteenth-century metrical kalendar, in seven-line stanzas, which he finds in 
the Godstow English Register, which he is editing for the Early English Text 
Society from Bodl. Rawl. MS. B. 408. It assigns not merely one syllable like the 
Cisioianus, but an entire line to each day in the year, as does e. g. the tenth-century 
Latin kalendar printed by Hampson (i. 397-420) from Athelstan's Psalter, MS. 
Cotton, Galba, A. 18. The Godstow kalendar has no Oxford peculiarities. Its 
most noticeable entry is a commemoration of St. Botulph in July. It begins 'O 
Jhesu, lorde, for the Circumsicyon,' and ends ' For seynt Siluester loue, at cure 
laste ende.' Cf. Wynken de Worde's Prymer, 4. 1513. (Brit. Mus. C. 35. e. 7.) 



164. In the Computus Manualis, lines 76, 76 b , the Computus Manualis 
parvus, in the Sarum Manual of 1523, reads 

' Libraque, Scorpio, Arcitenens, Capricornus et Urna, 

Quos tenet et Pisces : sita sunt hoc ordine signa.' 

169. In Comp. Jlfatt., li. 130, the Sarum Manual reads ' Aureus hinc ' for 
' Aureus hie.' And in line 131, ' dud,' for ' due.' 

172. Before line 196 (' Primula G. lani '), the Manual inserts a heading 

[C Pro clauibus.~\ 

173. Between lines 230-1, the Sarum Manuale (1523) inserts a line 

' Sed cum predictis addes sanctos simul omnes ' 
(i. e. All Hallows' even). 

Line 236, ' fercula ' is the reading in Man. 1523, for ' escula ' or ' excute.' 

174. After line 244 of the Computus Manualis the Sarum Manual, 1523, 
adds a distich 

' C Pro solstitijs. 

Hec duo solstitia faciunt : Cancer, Capricornus. 
Sed noctes equant Aries et Libra diebus.' 

191. Dr. C. Horstman has printed, from a Durham MS. (now MS. Arundel 
507), a less corrupt version of the lines de x. plagis Egipti. 

' Prima rubens vnda : ranarum plaga secunda. 
Inde cnlex tristis : post musca nociuior istis. 
Quinta pecus stranit : vesicam sexta parauit. 
Hinc sequitur grando : post brucus dente nephando 
Nona tegit solem : primam necat vltima prolem.' 

Library of Yorkshire Writers (Ri. Rolle, &c.), i. 428. 
196. The Oxford Scholars' Petition for Cessation of Lectures, dr. 1220. 



ADDITIONAL NOTES ON PAGE 196 255 



Ant. Wood's Latin translators make him say in Historia et Antiquitates, ii. 30, 
folio, 1674, that there was an inscriptio, or title, to the lines by Michael Blaunpayn, 
Cornubiensis, which proved that there were academical exercises performed at 
Oxford upon holy days. Wood's own book in English, ed. Gutch, II. ii. 817, 4, 
1792, expresses the same statement more fully, adding the words '/ have omitted 
. . . the title going before them.' (See above, p. 196.) Mr. Madan assures me 
that the copy of Blaunpayn's lines used by Wood was certainly derived from 
Cotton MS. Vesp. 5, fo. I79 b . Mr. Henry Littlehales, however, informs me 
that the manuscript itself prefixes no title at all to the verses. We can only suppose 
that Brian Twyne, transcribing from the MS. prefixed a descriptive title out of his 
own head, and that Wood naturally supposed that it was of the author's writing. 

As, however, the MS. does contain several verses which Wood omits in his 
History, we have thought that a copy of the entire piece from the Cottonian MS. 
(transcribed for us by Miss Jessica Lewis) would be acceptable to our readers. 

VERSUS MICHAELIS BLAUNPAYN, cir. A. D. 1250 (ex cod. MS. Cotton Vesp. 
D.v. fo. I79 b ). 

O doctrinis vir preclare, cuius sensus tanquam mare redundat in medium : 

Nihil posco singulare, sed adducor explicare voces vnus omnium. 

Omnes tue potestati sumus vitro subingati, nee uerentes alium. 

Sed iam din fatigati, non ualemus vltra pati scholas et ieiunium. 

Laborando ieiunare, ieiunando laborare, duplex est snpplicium. 

Ista duo simul stare manumf nobis generare posset preiudicium. 

Equus diu stimnlatus, aruis diu sinuatus, minus [habet] uirium. 

Ita diu fatigatus torpet sensus hebetatus, lentescit ingenium. 

Non est ergo rationis, quod iam cludum non imponis lectori silenciura ; 

Passes iugum Pharaonis festum resurreccionis inuitat et gaudium. 

Resurgentem nobis quare negaretur adorare Christum dei filium? 

Si uis pharaonizare, transituro rubrum mare patet exterminium. 

Et sit tuus grex securus, corpus christi suscepturus corpus tarn eximium 

Ne quis tangat nisi purus, petat quisque confessurns 1 sacerdotem proprium. 

Visi fratres et sorores, parentesque cariores, et leta natalinm, 

Sensus reddent forciores, quos et ipsum ad labores reparabit otium. 

[Q]uid diffundor in sermones tot allegant f rationes pro pace scolarium. 

Vt suspendas lectiones, et ad tempus nobis dones quiescendi spacium. 

Ergo, cleri flos diuine, respirare parum sine, quos uexauit studium, 

Ne iam tue discipline nobis fiant displicine uergentes in tedium. Amen. 

1 J. de Burgo, Chancellor of Cambridge in 1385, says, ' Nota, secundum consti- 
tutionem ecclesie, quod omnis fidelis, tarn vir qnam mulier, postqnam ad annos 
discretionis peruenerit, tenetur semel in anno omnia peccata sua confiteri proprio 
sacerdoti, et ad minus in paschate sumere eukaristie sacramentum nisi ob rationa- 
bilem causam de consilio proprij sacerdotis duxerit abstinendum . . . Extravag. De 
penitencia et remissione, ca. ' Omnis utriusque sexus ' (Pupilla oculi, i. cap. 8). 
In 1378 the fourth constitution of Simon Sudbury prescribed shrift and housel at 
least thrice a year, viz. at Easter, Whitsuntide, and Christmas. This was a stricter 
rule than that of the twenty-first Canon of the fourth Lateran Council, under 
Innocent III in 1215, ' Omnis utriusque sexus. 1 On Ash Wednesday, 1443, Dr. 
J. Macworth, the Dean, sent an excuse to W. Alnwick, the Bishop of Lincoln, to 
the effect that he always went to his rectory at Tredyngton in the diocese of Wor- 
cester to hear his parishioners' confessions in Lent. Lincoln Statutes, ii. 459. 



256 ADDITIONAL NOTES ON PAGE 196 

About the same period the Masters in the University of Paris (A.D. 1 254) found 
it necessary to deal with a different complaint against certain lecturers among their 
own number, ' lectiones suas terminare festinantibus, antequam librorum quantitas 
requireret' (Bulaeus, Hist. Acad. Paris., iii. 280). In a more recent generation 
again the complaint was different. I recollect a couplet which was current in 
Oxford about thirty years ago, when certain teachers, being called upon to lecture 
by the public opinion of the day, were reported to have expressed their feelings as 
follows : 

' We don't want to teach but, by jingo, if we do, 
We'll have a statutable class to give our lectures to.' 



I. INDEX ET CONCORDANTIA 
FESTORVM, ETC., IN KALENDARIIS 



P. = Kalendarium ad Usum Universitatis PARISIENSIS, saec. xiv-xvi. Vide 
supra, pp. 198-215. 

A. = Kalendarium ex libro Cancellarii Oxon. Vide supra, pp. 68-79. 

B. = Kalendarium ex libro Procuratoris Oxon. senioris. Vide pp. 81, 83, &c. 

C. = Kalendarium ex libro Procuratoris Oxon. iunioris. Vide pp. 80, 8 a, &c. 
O. = Consensus praedictorum iii kalendariorum Oxon., A, B, et C. 

R. = Kalendarium Bedelli Oxon., hodie Bodl. 8vo Rawl. 662. Vide supra, 

pp. 46-57. 
M. = Cisioianus Computi Manualis Oxon. A.D. 1530 impressi. Vide supra, 

pp. 1 66-8 ; item, pp. 121-32. 
Cam. = Kalendarium ex libro Procuratoris Cantabrigiensis senioris. Vide supra, 

pp. 216-27. 
Eph. Pynson Cisioianns ex Ephemeride Kalendarii per Ri. Pynson typis, A. s. 

1507, mandata. 
Kal. Shepherds = Cisioianus per eundem R. Pynson, A. s. 1506, impressus (ed. 

H. O. Sommer, iii. pp. 15, 16). 

*,* Ubi kalendaria cuncta (P. O. = A. B. C. ; R. M. Cam.) in unum consentiunt, 
litterarum seriem prorsus omittimus; e.g. ' Agathae,V. M.,' 'Andreae, Ap. M.,' &c. 



ABDON et Sennen, MM., 30 lul., 

B. C. R. M. 
Achillei, cum Nereo, 12 Mai., R. M. 

Cam. 

Adam creatur, 23 Mart., R. 
Adaucti, cum Felice, M., 30 Aug., 

B. C. R. Cam. 
Agapiti, cum Sixto, &c., M., 6 Aug., 

B. C. (Cam.). 
Agapiti, M., 18 Aug., B. C. R. Cam. 

(Kal. Shepherds'). 
Agathae, V. M., 5 Feb. 
Agnetis, V. M., 21 Ian., P. O. R. M. 
Agnetis, secundo, 28 Ian., B. C. R. M. 

Cam. 

Albani (Albini), Ep., I Mart. Cam. 
Albani.prothomartyris Angliae, 22 lun., 

O. M. Cam. 

Aldelmi, Ep. C., 25 Mai., B. C. 
Alexandri Euentii et Theodulii, MM., 

3 Mai., R. 
Alphegi, Archiep. M., 19 Apr., R. M. 

Cam. (cf. Kal. Shepherds). 
Amandi, cum Vedasto, Ep. C., 6 Feb., 

B. C. R. M. Cam. 
Ambrosii, Ep. C. Doct., 4 Apr. 
Anastasii, Ep., 27 Apr. Cam. 
Andreae, Ap. M., 30 Nov. (cf. p. xxiv). 
Andreae Octava, 7 Dec. Cam. 



Andreae vigilia, 29 Nov., P. R. 
Animarum Commemoratio, 2 Nov. , P. 

(Cf. Commemoratio.') 
Annae matris B. Mariae, 26 lul., A. R.M. 



(28 lul., P.). 
B. 
C. M. 



Annunciatio B. Mariae, 25 Mart., P. B. 



Annunciatio Dominica, 25 Mart., P. A. R. 

Cam. 

Annunciationis vigilia, 24 Mart., P. 
Antonii, C. monachi, 17 Ian., P. 
Antonii, 2 Sept. Eph. Pynson. 
Antonii Cordigerii, 13 lun., P. B. C. M. 

Cam. (cf. 6 lun., xix). 
Apollinaris, Ep. M., 23 lul., R. M. 
Apollinaris, cum Timotheo, 23 Aug., 

B. C. R. Cam. 

Apulei, cum Marco, M., 7 Oct., R. M. 
aquarius, II Ian., R. ; 18 Ian., P., 

Cam. 

aries, ii Mart., R. ; 18 Mart., P. 
Arnnlphi, Ep. M. 18 lul., P. B. C. R. M. 

Cam. 

Ascensionis crastinum (15 Mai.), P. 
Assumptionis B. Mariae, 15 Aug. 
Assumptionis Octava, 22 Aug., R. Cam. 
Assumptionis vigilia, 14 Aug., P. B. C. R. 
Augustini, Ep. C. Doct., 28 Aug. 
Augustini magni Translatio, 28 Feb. 



258 /. INDEX ET CONCORDANTIA FESTORVM, ETC. 



Augustini Anglorum Apostoli, 26 Mai., 

A. B. R. M. Cam. 

Barbarae, V. M., 4 Dec., P. (? Eph. 

Pynson, Kal. Shepherds). 
Barnabae, A p. M., n Ivm. 
Bartholomei, Ap. M., 24 Aug. 
Basilidis, Cirini et Naboris, MM., 12 

lun., B. (C.) R. 

Basilii, Ep. C., 14 lun., (C.) R. 
Bathildis, reginae V., 30 (al. 26) Ian., 

B. C. R. M. Cam. 
Batildis, 12 lun., Cam. 

Bavonis, Ep. C. cum Remigio, &c., i 

Oct., (P.) B. R. M. 
Beatricis, V. M. cum Felice, Simplicio, 

&c., 29 lul. (B. C. R. M. Cam.). 
Benedict!, abbatis C., 21 Mart. 
Benedicti translatio, n lul., P. R. 

Cam. 
Bemardi, abbatis, C., 20 Aug., P.; 21 

Aug., R. M. 
Bertelini Staffordiae, 9 Sept. R. (add. 

MS., p. 54). 
Bertini, abbatis, C., 5 Sept., R. M. 

Cam. 

Blasii, Ep. M., 3 Feb. 
Blasii, Ep., 14 lun., Cam. 
Bonifacii, Ep. M. cum sociis, 5 lun., 

B. C. R. M. Cam. (Kal. Shepherds'). 
Botulphi, abbatis, C., 17 lun., B. C. M. 

Cam. (Kal. Shepherds). 
Bricii, Ep. C., 13 Nov. 
Brigidae, V., i Feb., O. R. M. Cam. 

Calixti, papae M., 14 Oct., B. C. R. 

Cam. 

cancer, 13 lun., R. ; 17 lun., P. 
caniculares dies, 14 lul., B. C. R. 
caniculares dies finiuntur, 5 Sept., C. 

cf. p. xxii ; 6 Sept., R. 
capricornus, 1 2 Dec., R. ; 15 Dec., Cam. ; 

1 8 Dec., P. 

Carnisprivii dies (15 Feb.), P. 
Catharinae, V. M , 25 Nov., P. O. R. M. 

(Cam.). 

Catharinae octavn, 2 Dec., P. 
Cathedra S. Petri (Antiochiae), 22 Feb. 
Ceciliae, V. M., 22 Nov., P. O. R. M. 
Ceddae, Ep. C., 2 Mart., O. R. M. 

Cam. 
Ceddae Translatio, dominica post 

Ascens. Domini, R. 

Christinae, V. M., 24 lul., R. M. Cam. 
Christophori, M., cum Cucufatio, vel 

Cucufate, 25 lul., P. 
Chrygogoni. M., 24 Nov., B. C. R. 
Chrysostomi, lohannis, 27 Ian., P. 
cinerum dies ( 1 7 Feb.), P. 
Circumcisio Domini, I Ian., P. B. C. 

R. M. Cam. 



Ciriaci, &c., MM., 8 Aug., B. C. R. 

Cam. 
Cirici et lulittae, MM., 16 lun. R. 

Cam. (Eph. Pynson). 
Cirini, M., cum Basilide, 12 lun. B. 

(C.)R. 

claves Septuagesimae, 7 Ian., R. 
claves Quadragesimae, 28 Ian., R. 
claves Paschae, n Mar., R. 
claves Rogationum, 15 Apr., R. 
dementis, papae M., 23 Nov. 
Commemoratio S. Pauli, 30 lun. 
Commemoratio omnium fidelium de- 

functorum, 2 Nov. (cf. p. xxiv). 
Conceptionis B. V. Mariae, 8 Dec. 
Conversio S. Pauli, 25 Ian. 
Cornelii et Cypriani, MM., 14 Sep. 
Coronae Domini, n Aug., P. 
Coronatorum Quattuor, MM., 8 Nov. 
Corporis Christi ; see ' Sacramenti. 1 
Costnae et Damiani fratrum, MM., 27 

Sept., P. B. C. R. M. Cam. 
Crescentiae V.,-cum Vito, &c., 15 lun., 

R. 
Crispini et Crispiniani, MM., 25 Oct., 

B. C. R. M. Cam. 
Crucis Exaltatio, 14 Sept. 
Crucis Inventio, 3 Mai. 
Cucufatis (al. ' Cucufatii '), M., cum 

Christophoro, 25 lul., P. 
Cuthberti, Ep. C., 25 Mart., O. R. M. 
Cuthberti Translatio, 4 Sept., R. M. 
Cuthburgae, V., 31 Aug., B. C. R. M. 

(Kal. Shepherds). 
Cypriani et lustinae, MM.. 26 Sept., 

B. C. R. M. Cam. (Kal. Shepherds'). 
Cyriaci, &c., MM., 8 Aug., B. C. R. 

Cam. 
Cyrini, M., cum Basilide, 12 lun. 



D. (h.e. dies malus, sive Aegyptiacus), 

5 Nov., R. (cf. pp. xiv, xv). 
Damiani, M. cum Cosma, 27 Sept., 

P. B. C. R. M. Cam. (Kal. Shepherds}. 
Davidis, Wallensis, Ep. C., I Mart., 

O. R. M. 

Decollatio S. lohannis Bapt., 29 Aug. 
Dedicatio B. Mariae de Etona, 221 n. 
Dedicatio ecclesiae S. Dionysii in 

Francia, 24 Feb., P. 
Dedicatio capellaepalatii regis Franciae, 

26 Apr., P. 
Dedicatio Coll. Wadham, 20 lun., 1613 

(B.). 
Dedicatio ecclesiae S. Michaelis in 

monte tumba, 16 Oct., P. 
dies bead f Veneris (27-9 Mart.), P. 
dies lovis albi (27 Mart.), P. 
Dionysii, M., 9 Oct. 
Dionysii et Sociorum corporum Reve- 

latio, 22 Apr., P. 



I. INDEX ET CONCORDANTIA FESTQRVM, ETC. 259 



Dionysii, Dedicatio Ecclesiae Sancti, 

24 Feb., P. 

Doctorum IV., vide ' leronimi,' &c. 
Dominici lacobitae, C., 5 Aug., P. ; 

(4 Aug.) Cam. 

Dominici Transl.,24Mai.,P.B.C.M.Cam. 
Donati, Ep. M., 7 Aug., B. C. Cam. 
Dormientium Septem, MM., 26 lul., 

B. C. R. M. Cam. (Kal. Shepherds). 
Dunstani, archiep. M., 19 Mai., O. R. M. 

Cam. (Kal. Shepherds). 

Edithae, V., 16 Sept., B. C. R. M. 

Cam. 
Edmundi, archiep. C., 16 Nov., O. R. M. 

Cam. 
Edmundi, archiep. C. Translatio, 9 lun., 

O. R. M. Cam. 

Edmundi, R. M., 20 Nov., P. Cam. 
(Edmundi vigilia, 19 Nov., P.) 
Edmundi, R. M., Translatio, 29 Apr., 

Cam. 
Edwardi, R. M., 18 Mart., O. R. M. 

Cam. 
Edwardi, R. M., Translatio, 20 lun. 

(C.) R. M. Cam. (Kal. Shepherds). 
Edwardi, R. C., Depositio, 5 Ian., R. 
Edwardi, R. C., Translatio, 13 Oct., 

O. R. M. (Cam. ' Regis et M.'}. 
Edwardi, R., 1 1 Oct., C. 
Egidii, abbatis (Ep.) C., cum Lupo et 

Firmino, i Sept., P. A. B. R. M. 

Cam. 

Egressio Noe de archa, 29 Apr., R. 
Eleutherii, M., cum Dionysio, 9 Oct., 

P. 
Eligii Noviomensis Epi. C., 25 lun., 

P. A. (cf. Kal. Shepherds'). 
Eligii, Ep. C., i Dec., P. (lEph. Pyn- 

son, Kal. Shepherds). 
Epimachi, M., cum Gordiano, 10 Mai., 

B. C. R. 

Epiphania Domini, 6 Ian., P. (A.) B. 

C. R. M. Cam. 

Epiphaniae Octava, 13 Ian., B. C. 
Epiphaniae vigilia, 5 Ian. , P. 
equinoctium vernale, n Mart., R. 
[equinoctium autumnale, 12 al 20, Sept.] 
' Esto mihV in Quinquagesima (13 

Feb.) P. 
Ethelredae, V., 23 lun., B. C. R. M. 

Cam. 
Etheldredae, V., Translatio, 17 Oct., 

R. Cam. 

Eventii, M., cum Alexandro, 3 Mai., R. 
Eufemiae, V., 13 Apr., B. C. Cam. 

(cf. Kal. Shepherds). 
Eusebii, presb. C., 14 Aug., R. 
Exaltatio S. Crucis, 14 Sept. 
Exaltationis S. Crucis vigilia, 13 Sept., 

P. 



Fabiani et Sebastiani, MM., 20 Ian. 
Fausti[ni], M. cum Felice, 29 lul., 

B. C. R. (M.). 

Feliciani, M., cum Primo, 9 lun., R. 
Felicis in pincis, presb. M.. 14 Ian., 

B. C. R. M. 
Felicis, Simplicii et Faustini, MM., 29 

lul., B. C. R. M. Cam. 
Felicis et Adaucti, MM., 30 Aug., 

B. C. R. Cam. 
Felicissimi et Agapiti, MM. cum Sixto, 

6 Aug., B. C. Cam. 
Felicitatis, M., cum Perpetua, 7 Mart. 

(? A.) B. C. R. 
Fidis, V., 6 Oct., R. 
Firmini, Ep. Ambianensis M. Inventio, 

13 Ian., P. 
Firmini, Ep. M., 25 Sept., P. B. C. R. M. 

Cam. (' fer/ Kal. Shepherds). 
Firmini, C., cum Egidio et Lupo, I Sept., 

P. B. C. R. 
Fortunati, M., 5 Mai., Eph. Pynson, 

p. 125. 
Francisci, C.,. 4 Oct., P. C. R. M. 

cf. p. xxiii ; (3 Oct., B.) Cam. 
Francisci Translatio, 25 Mai., P. B. C. M. 

Cam. 
Fratrum Septem, MM., 10 lul., R. 

Cam. 

Frideswidae, V., 19 Oct., O. R. M. 
Frideswidae, Translatio, ir Feb., O. 

R. M. 
Frideswidae, Inventio, 15 Mai., (A.) 

B. C. M. 

gemini, 13 Mai., R., 18 Mai., P. 

Genovefae, V., 3 Jan., P. 

(Genovefae V., de miraculo ardentium, 

26 Nov., P.) 
Georgii, M., 23 Apr. 
Gereonis, &c. MM.. 10 Oct., R. Cam. 

(cf. ' gera.' Kal. Shep.} ' ier.' Pynson. 
German! Ep. C., cum Remigio, Vedasto, 

&c., i Oct. (P.) B. R. M. 
Germani Antissiodorensis, Ep. C., 

31 lul. (? 30 lul., Cam.). 
Germani, Epi. 21 Mai., B.C. 
Germani Parisiensis, Ep. C., 28 Mai., 

P. B. C. R. M. Cam. 
Gervasii et Prothasii, MM., 19 lun., 

P. B. C. R. M. Cam. 
Gilberti, C., 4 Feb., Cam. 
Gildardi, Ep. C., cum Medardo, 8 lun., 

R. M. (cf. Kal. Shepherds'). 
Gordiani et Epimachi, MM., 10 Mai., 

B. C. R. (cf. Kal. Shepherds). 
Gorgonii, M., 9 Sept., B. C. R. M. 

Cam. 

Gorgonii, M., 24 Nov., Cam. 
Gregorii, Papae, 12 Mart. 
Gregorii, Papae ordinatio, 3 Sept., P. 

Cam. (cf. ' god,' Eph. Pynson, p. 1 29). 



S 2 



26o I. INDEX ET CONCORDANTIA FESTORVX, ETC. 



Grisogoni, M., 2 Nov., B. C. R. 
Guillelmi, Bituricensis archiepiscopi, 

10 Ian., P. 
Guthlaci, ii Apr., Cam. 

Hermenildae, V., 13 Feb., Cam. 
Hieronymi, presb. doct., 30 Sept., 

P. B. C.R. M. Cam. 
Hilarii, 13 Ian., O. R. M. Cam. 
Hippolyti, &c., MM., 13 Aug.. O.R. M. 

Cam. 
Hugonis, Ep. C., 17 Nov., O. R. M. 

Cam. 

Hugonis Translatio, 6 Oct., B. C. R. M. 
Hyacinth!, M., cum Protho, 11 Sept., 

B. C. R. M. 

lacincti, M., cum Protho, n Sept., 

B. C. R. M. Cam. 

lacobi, Ap. M., cum Philippe, i Mai., 

P. A. B. (C.) R. M. Cam. 
lacobi (minoris), Ap. M., 25 lul. 
leronhni, presb. doct., 30 Sept., P. B. 

C. R. M. Cam. 
leronis ; see ' Gereonis.' 

lesu Nominis dnlcissimi, 7 Aug. (B.) 

R. M. 
Innocentium, MM., 28 Dec., P. (A.) 

B. C. R. M. Cam. 
Innocentium Octava, 4 Ian., B. C. R. 

Cam. 

Inventio sanctae Crucis, 3 Mai. 
Inventio S. Stephani protomartyris, 

3 Aug. 
lohannis, Ap. Evang., 27 Dec., P. (A.) 

B. C. R. M. Cam. 

lohannis octava, 3 Ian., B. C. R. Cam. 
lohannis ante portam Latinam, 6 Mai., 

P. O. R. M. 

lohannis Bapt., decoll., 29 Aug. 
lohannis Bapt. nativ., 24 Ian. 
lohannis Bapt. nativ. octava, I lul. R. 
lohannis Bapt., vigilia, 23 lun., P. 
lohannis Chrysostomi, 27 Ian., P. 
lohannis et Pauli, MM., 26 lun. 

B. C. R. M Cam. 
lohannis de Beverlaco, 7 Mai., B.C.R.M. 

Cam. 
lohannis de Beverlaco, Translatio, 

25 Oct., R. 
ludae (Thaddei), Ap. .M., 28 Oct., 

P. B. C. R. M. Cam. 
lulianae, V. M., 16 Feb., B. C. R. M. 

Cam. 

lulianae, V., 23 Feb., B. C. 
luliani, Ep. C., 27 Ian., P. B. C. R. M. 

Cam. 
lulittae, M., cum Cirico puerulo, 16 lun., 

R. Cam. 
lustinae, M., cum Cyprian o, 26 Sept., 

B. C. R. M. (Cam.). 



Ivonis de Britannia advocati, C., 
19 Mai., P., Eph. Pynson, p. 125. 

Kalixti, papae M., 14 Oct., B. C. R. 

Cam. 
Katharinae, V. M., 25 Nov., P. O. R. M. 

(Cam.). 

Katharinae octava, 2 Dec., P. 
(Katharinae vigilia, 24 Nov., P.) 
Kenelmi, R. M., 17 lul. R. M., Cam. 

(Kal. Shepherds). 

Lamberti, Ep. M., 17 Sept., B. C. R. M. 

Cam. 

Laurentii, M., 10 Aug. 
Laurentii, octava, 1 7 Aug., R. 
Laurentii, vigilia, 9 Aug., P. R. 
leo, 14 lul., R. ; 18 lul., P. 
Leodegarii, Ep., 2 OcL, P. (C.) [B. ex 

errore, ' Leonardi '] R. M. (Eph. Pyn- 
son). 

Leonardi, abbatis C., 6 Nov. 
Leonis, papae C., 28 lun., O. R. M. 

Cam. 
libra, 12 Sept. ; 14 Sept., R.; 17 Sept., 

P. 

Lini, papae M., 26 Nov., R. M. Cam. 
litania maior, 25 Apr., P. R. 
Lodowici, 8 Nov., (A.) M. 
Lucae, Evang., 18 Oct. 
Luciae, V. M., 13 Dec. 
Luciani, presb. M., 8 Ian., B. C. R. M. 
Lndovici R. Franciae, C., 25 Aug., P. 

(Eph. Pynson). 
Ludovici, R. Translatio, die martis post 

fest. Ascensionis ( 1 7 Apr.), P., p. 203. 
Ludovici Massiliensis, ord. Minorum 

C.,? 19 Aug., P. 
Ludovici, R., 8 Nov., (A.) M. 
Lupi et Firmini, CC., cum Egidio, 

i Sept., P. 
Lupi, ? 25 Oct., Eph. Pynson, p. 130. 

Machuti, Ep. C., 15 Nov., B. C. R. M. 
Magdalenae, Mariae, 22 lul. 
Maglorii, 24 Oct., Eph. Pynson, p. 130. 
Magni, M., 19 Aug., B. C. R. M. Cam. 
Marcelli papae M., 16 Ian., B. C. R. M. 

Cam. 

Marcelli, Parisiensis Ep., 26 lul., P. 
Marcelli, M., 4 Sept., Cam. 
Marcelliani, M.,cum Marco et Apuleio, 

7 Oct., R. M. 
Marcelliani, M., cum Marco, 18 lun., 

B. C. R. M. 
Marcellini et Petri, MM., 2 lun., B. C. 

R. M. Cam. 
Marci Marcelliani et Apulei, 7 Oct., 

R. M. (Marci et Marceili, Cam.). 
Marcifellji et Marcelliani, MM., 18 lun., 

B. C. R. M. Cam. 
Marci, Evang. M., 25 Apr. 



I. INDEX ET CONCORDANTIA FESTORVM, ETC. 261 



Margaretae, V. M., 20 lul., O. R. M. 

Cam. 

Mariae, B. V., Annunciatio, 25 Mart. 
Mariae, B. V., Annunciationis vigilia, 

24 Mart., P. 

Mariae, B. V., Assnmptio, 15 Aug. 
Mariae, B. V., Assumptionis octava, 

22 Aug., R. Cam. 
Mariae, B. V., Assumptionis vigilia, 

14 Aug., P. B. C. R. 
Mariae, B. V., Conceptio, 8 Dec. 
Mariae, B. V., Nativitas, 8 Sept. 
Mariae, B. V., Nativitatis octava, 

15 Sept., R. Cam. 

Mariae, B. V., Nativitatis vigilia, 

7 Sept. (P.). 
Mariae, B. V., Praesentatio, 21 Nov., 

(cf. 'pre.' Kal. Shepherds}. 
Mariae, B. V., Purificatio, 2 Feb. 
Mariae, B. V., Visitatio, 2 lul., B. (C.) 

R. M. 

de nivibus, 5 Aug., R. ; cf. p. xviii. 
Mariae Aegyptiacae, 2 Apr., Cam. 

(cf. ' e-gyp,' p. 124, Eph. Pynson). 
Mariae Magdalenae, 22 lul. 
Mariae Salome, 22 Oct.; cf. 'me. se' 

Eph. Pynson, p. 130. 
Martini, Ep. C., 1 1 Nov. 
Martini octava, 18 Nov., R. 
Martini Transl. et Ordinatio, 4 lul. 
Martiniani M.cum Processo, 2 Iul.,A.C. 
Matthaei, Ap. Ev., M., 21 Sept. 
Matthaei vigilia, 20 Sept., P. 
Matthiae, Ap. Ev. M., 24 Feb. 
Maturini, C., 8 Nov., P. 
Mauri, abbatis C., 15 Ian., P.; B. C. 

R. M. Cam. 
Mauricii, M., cum sociis, 32 Sept., 

P. B. C. R. M. Cam. 
Maximi, M., cum Tiburcio, &c., 14 Apr., 

B. C. R. 
Medardi et Gildardi, Epp. CC., 8 lun., 

R. M. (Kal. Shepherds'). 
Michaelis Archang. Dedic., 29 Sept. 
Michaelis vigilia, 28 Sept., P. (in fine 

mensis). ' In monte gargano,' p. xxii. 
Michaelis in monte tumba, 16 Oct., 

P. B. C. R. M. Cam. 
Mildrethae, V., 13 lul., A. 
Modesti, M. cum Vito, 15 lun., R. 

Cam. 

Naboris, M., cum Basilide, 12 lun., 

B. (C.) R. 
Nationum Festa apud Lutetiam Parri- 

siorum : 

Alemannorum, Epiphaniae, 6 Ian. 

Ambianensinm, Inventio S. Firmini, 
17 Ian., p. 199. 

Anglicorum,Edmundi R. M., 20 Nov. 

Anglicorum, Thomae Archiep. M., 
29 Dec., pp. 213, 215. 



Franciae, Gulielmi Bituricensis, 10 
Ian., p. 198. 

Normannorum, Conceptio S. Mariae 
V., 8 Dec., p. 214. 

Picardorum, Nicholai Ep. M., 6 Dec. 

Rothomagensinm, Romani, 23 Oct., 

p. 211. 

Nativitas Domini, 25 Dec. 
Nativitatis vigilia, 24 Dec., P. 
Nativitas B. Mariae V., 8 Sept. 
Nativitatis B. M. V., octava, 15 Sept., R. 
Nativitas lohannis Bapt., 24 lun. 
Nativitatis lohannis Bapt. octava, 

I lul., R. 
Nativitatis lohannis Bapt. vigilia, 

23 lun., R. 

Nazarii, M., cum Basilide, &c., 12 lun. 
Nerei Achillei et Pancratii, MM., 12 

Mai., R. M. Cam. 
Nicasii at. Nigasii, cum sociis, MM., 

ii Oct., R. M. Cam. (Kal. Shep- 
herds'}. 

Nicholai, Ep. C., 6 Dec. 
Nicholai vigilia, 5 Dec., P. 
Nicholai Translatio, 9 Mai., P. R. 

Cam. 
Nicholai, vigilia ante noctem sancti, 

8 Mai., P. 

Nicomedis, M., i lun., C. R. M. 
Nicomedis, M., 15 Sept., R. 
Nivis festum, 5 Aug., R. ; al. 13 Mai. 
Noe egressio de archa, 29 Apr., R. 
Noe Introitus in archam, 17 Mart., R. 
Nominis lesu dulcissimi, 7 Aug. (B.) 

R. M. 

Octava S. Stephani, 2 Ian., P. B. C. R. 

Cam. 
Octava S. lohannis Ev., 3 Ian., B. C. R. 

Cam. 
Octava SS. Innocentinm, 4 Ian., B. C. R. 

Cam. 

Octava S. Thomae M., 5 Ian., B. C. R. 
Octava Epiphaniae, 13 Ian., B. C. R. 
Octava Agnetis (i. e. ' Agnetis secundo'), 

28 Ian., B. C. R. M. Cam. 
Octava Nat. S. lo. Bapt., i lul., R. 
Octava Apostolorum Petri et Pauli, 

6 lul., R. 

Octava S. Laurentii, 17 Aug., R. 
Octava Assumptionis S.Mariae, 2 2 Aug., 

R. Cam. 
Octava Nativitatis S. Mariae, 15 Sept., 

R. Cam. 

Octava S. Martini, 18 Nov., R. 
Octava S. Andreae, 7 Dec., P. O. R. 

Cam. 

Omnium sanctorum vigilia, 31 Oct. 
Omnium Sanctorum Festivitas, I Nov., P. 
Ordinatio S. Gregorii papae, 3 Sept., P. 
Osmundi Ep. C., Depositio, 4 Dec., 

(A.) B. (C.) R. M. 



262 /. INDEX ET CONCORDANTIA FESTORVM, ETC. 



Osmundi Translatio, 16 lul. 

Omnium animarum, vel fidelium defun- 

ctorum, 2 Oct. 
' Sapiential Ant. ad Magnificat, 

1 6 Dec. 

Osithae, V., 3 lun., B. C. 
Oswaldi, R. M., 5 Aug., B. C. M. 

Cam. 

Palmarum vigilia (mense Mart.), P. 
Pancratii, M., cum Nereo, &c.. 12 Mai., 

R. M. 
(Pantaleonis, Ep. M., cum Sampsone, 

28 lul.) 
Parasceve (29 Mart.) 'dies beati 

Veneris,' P. 

Pascha primum, 22 Mart., R. 
Paschae floridae vigilia (ante Ramos 

palmarum), Apr., P. 
Pascha ultimum, 26 Apr., R. (cf. p. xvii). 
Patricii, Ep. C., 17 Mart., O. R. M. 
Pauli primi eremitae, 10 Ian., P. 
Pauli et lohannis, MM., 26 lun. B. C. 

R. M. Cam. 

Pauli cum Petro, App,, 29 lun. 
Pauli cum Petro, octava, 6 lul. , R. 
Pauli cum Petro, vigilia, 28 lun., P. 
Pauli Ap. Commemoratio, 30 lun. 
Pauli Ap. Conversio, 25 Ian. 
Penthecostes prima, 10 Mai., R. 
Penthecostes ultima, 13 lun., R. 
Perpetuae et Felicitatis, MM., 7 Mart., 

(? A. erasure) B. C. R. 
Petri, M., cum Marcellino, 2 lun., 

B. C. R, M. Cam. 
Petri et Pauli, Apostolorum MM., 

29 Inn. 

Petri et Pauli, octava, 6 lul., R. 

Petri et Pauli, vigilia, 28 IUH., P. 

Petri ad Vincula, i Aug. 

Petri cathedra, 22 Feb. 

Petri (Mediolanensis) lacobitae, M., 

30 Apr., P. O. M. Cam.; 29 Apr., xvii. 
Petronillae, V., 31 Mai., B. C. R. M. 

Cam. 
Philippi et lacobi, Apostolorum MM., 

i Mai., P. A. B. (C.) R. M. Cam. 
pisces, 1 1 Feb. ; 10 Feb., R. ; 15 Feb., P. 
Polycarpi, Ep. M., 26 Ian., P. 
Potentianae, V. M., 19 Mai., R. 
Praedicationis Christi initium, 2 Mai., 

xviii. 

Praekcti, 35 Ian., R. 
Praesentationis festum B. Mariae, 21 

Nov., Kal. Shepherds : ' pre.' 
Praxedis, V. M., 21 lul., R. M. Cam. 

(Kal. Shepherds). 
Primi, Feliciani et MM., 9 Inn., R. 
Priscae, V. M., 18 Ian., (A.) B. C. R. M. 

Cam. 
Processi, Martiniani et Swithini, MM., 

a lul., A. C. 



Protasii, M., cum Gervasio, 19 lun., 

P. B. C. R. M., Cam. 
Proti et lacincti, MM., n Sept., B. C. 

R. M. Cam. 
Pudentianae, (a/. Potentianae) V. M., 

19 Mai., R. 
Purificatio B. Mariae V., 2 Feb. 
Purificationis vigilia (?), I Feb., P. 
' Purificationis crastinum recnperatur,' 

4 Feb., P. 

Quadragesimae claves, 29 Ian., R. 
Quadragesimae prima dies (17 Feb.), 

P. ; ultima, 14 Mart., R. 
' Quasimodo' (mense Mart., et I Apr.), P. 
Qnattuor Coronatorum MM., 8 Nov., 

B. C. R. Cam. 

Quintini, M., 31 Oct., P. A. R. M. Cam. 
Quirini, M., cum Nicasio, n Oct., 

R. M. Cam. 

Radegundis V., n Feb., Cam. 
Ramis palmarum, in, (mense Mart.) P. 
Relatio (Domini) pueri de Egypto, 

1 1 Ian. , Cam. (cf. ' Memphiticis 

dominus deducitur arvis.' Athel- 

stan's Psalter Kalendar. Brit. Mus. 

Cotton MS. Galba, A. xviii.). 
Reliquiarum Festivitas, Dom. post 

7 lul. (8 Inl.), R. ; 15 Sept. Cam. 
Remigii, Germani, Vedasti et Bavonis, 

CC., i Oct., P. B. R. M. Cam. 
Resurrectio Domini, 27 Mart., B. C. R. 

Cam. 

Resurrectionis vigilia, 26 Mart., R. 
Revelatio corporum SS. Dionysii, &c., 

22 Apr. et mense Maio, P. 
Ricardi, Ep. C., 3 Apr., B. C. R. M. 
Ricardi Translatio, 16 lun., O. R. 
Rochi, C., 16 Aug., R. M. 
Rogationum claves, 15 Apr., R. 
Rogationes, 13 Mai., P. 

Romani, M., 9 Aug., B. C. R. M. Cam. 
Romani Rothomagensis, archiepi. C., 

23 Oct., P. B. C. R. M. Cam. 

' Karate, Missa B. Mariae V., 13 Dec., 

P. 
Run, M., 27 Aug., B. C. R. Cam. (Kal. 

Shepherds). 
(Rustici, M., cum Dionysio, 9 Oct.) 

sacramenti S. dies, (festum corporis 

Christi) 3 Inn., P. 
sacramenti vigilia (sub mense April. 

et 3 lun.), P. 
Sagittarius, 12 Nov.; 14 Nov., R. ; 

17 Nov., P. 
Samsonis, Ep. C., 28 lul., B. C. R. M. 

Cam. 

Saturnini, M., 29 Nov., ? P. R. M. Cam. 
Scolasticae, V., 10 Feb., (A.), B. C. 

R. M. Cam. 



/. INDEX ET CONCORDANTIA F.ESTORVM, ETC. 263 



Scorpio, 15 Oct. ; 14 Oct., R. 
(Scuviculi, M., cum Nicasio, r i Oct.) 
Sebastian!, M., cum Fabiano, 20 Ian. 
Sennen et Abdon, MM., 30 lul., B. C. 

R. M. 
Septem Dormientium, MM., 27 lul., 

B. R. C. M. Cam. 

Septem fratrum, MM., 10 lul., R. Cam. 
Septuagesimae, claves, R. 
Sexagesima, ultima, R. 
Sexburgae, V., 8 Apr., Cam. 
Silvestri, papae, C., 31 Dec., A. B. R. M. 

Cam. 
Simonis et Thaddaei, Apostolorum, 

MM., 28 Oct., P. B. C. R. M. Cam. 
Simonis et Indae vigilia, 27 Oct., P. 
Simplicii, M., cum Felice, 29 lul., 

B. C. R. M. 
Sisinii, M., cum Saturnino, 29 Nov., 

P. R. (M.). 

Sixti, Ep., 6 Apr., Cam. 
Sixti, papae, M., cum Felicissimo et 

Agapito, 6 Aug., B. C. Cam. 
Sol in Ariete, 1 1 Mart., R. ; 18 Mart., P. 
Sol in Tauro, 12 Apr., R. ; 17 Apr., P. 
Sol in Geminis, 13 Mai., R. ; 18 Mai., 

P. 

Sol in Cancro, 13 lun., R. ; 17 lun., P. 
Sol in Leone, 14 lul., R. ; 18 lul., P. 
Sol in Virgine, 12 Aug. ; 16 Aug., R. ; 

(18 Aug., P.). 
Sol in Libra, 12 Sept.; 14 Sept., R. ; 

17 Sept., P. 

Sol in Scorpione, 15 Oct. ; 14 Oct., R. 
Sol in Sagittario, 12 Nov.; 14 Nov., 

R.; 17 Nov., P. 
Sol in Capricorno, 12 Dec., R. ; 15 

Dec., Cam.; 18 Dec., P. 
Sol in Aquario, II Ian., R. ; 18 Ian., 

P. Cam. 
Sol in Piscibus, n Feb.; 10 Feb., R. ; 

15 Feb., P. 

Solsticium aestivale, 13 lun., R. 
Solsticium hyemale, 12 Dec., R. ; 15 

Dec., Cam. ; 18 Dec., P. 
Stephani protomartyris, 26 Dec. 
Stephani octava, 2 Ian., P. B. C. R. 

Cam. 

Stephani Inventio corporis, 3 Aug. 
Stephani, papae, M., 2 Aug., B. C. R. 

Cam. 
Sulpicii, Ep. C., 17 Ian., B. C. R. M. 

Cam. 

Swithini, Ep. C., 9 lul., B. 
Swithini Translatio, 15 lul., B.C.R. M. 

Cam. (Kal. Shepherds). 
Swithuni, Ep. C., cum Processo, 2 lul., 

B. C. 

taurus, 12 Apr., R. ; 17 Apr., P. 
Teclae, V. (? M.), 23 Sept., B. C. R. M. 
Cam. 



Thaddaei, Apost., cum Symone, 28 

Oct., P. B. C. R. M. Cam. 
Theodori, M., 9 Nov., B. C. R. Cam. 
Theodulii, M., cum Alexandro et 

Eventio, 3 Mai., R. 
Thomae, Apost. M., 21 Dec., (20 Dec., 

P.) O. R. M. Cam. 

Thomae vigilia, 20 Dec., R. ?M. Cam. 
Thomae Cantuar. Archiepi. M., 29 

Dec., P. (A.) B. C. R. M. Cam. 
Thomae octava, 5 Ian., B. C. R. 
Thomae Translatio, 7 lul., A. C. R. M. 

Cam. 
Thomae Herfordensis, Ep., 2 Oct., 

?P. R. 
Thomae de Aquino, lacobitae, doct. C., 

7 Mart., P. B. C. M. Cam. 
Tiburtii, Valeriani et Maximi, MM., 

14 Apr., B. C. R. M. Cam. 
Tiburtii, M., n Aug., B. (C.) R. M. 

Cam. 
Timothei et Apollinaris, MM., 23 Aug., 

R. 
Timothei et Symphoriani, MM., 2 2 Aug., 

R. (' memoria de Sanctis '). 
Transfiguratio Domini, 6 Aug., P. (B.) 

R. M. (cf. p. xxi). 
Trinitatis vigilia (sub mense April.), P. 

Undecim milium VV., MM., 21 Oct., 
B. C. R. M., Cam. (cf. ' mil,' Eph. 
Pynson, p. 130). 

Urbani papae, M., 25 Mai., R. 

Valentini, Ep. M., 14 Feb., O. R. M., 

Cam. 
Valeriani, M., cum Tiburtio, 14 Apr., 

B. C. R. M. (cf. Eph. Pynson). 
Valeriani, Ep. M., 15 Dec. (cf. ' al ma.') 

? Eph. Pynson, Kal. Shepherds. 
Vedasti, Ep. C., cum Remigio, i Oct., 

(P.) B. R. M. 
Vedasti et Amandi, Ep. C., 6 Feb., 

B. C. R. M. Cam. 
ver oritur, 22 Feb., P. 
Victoris, M., 21 lul., P. 
vigilia S. Andreae, Apost., 29 Nov., 

P. R. 
vigilia Annunciationis dominicae, 24 

Mart., P. 
vigilia Assumptions B. Mariae, V., 14 

Aug., P. B. C. R. 
vigilia S. Bartholomei, 24 Aug., R. 

Cam. 

vigilia Circumcisionis Domini, 31 Dec. 
vigilia S. Crucis Exaltatlonis, 13 Sept., 

P. 
(vigilia S. Edmundi, R. M., 19 Nov., 

P.) 

vigilia Epiphaniae, 5 Ian., P. 
vigilia S. lacobi Apost., 24 lul., B. C. R. 
(vigilia S. Katharinae, 24 Nov., P.) 



264 /. INDEX ET CONCORDANTIA FESTORVM, ETC. 



vigilia S. Lanrentii, 9 Aug., P. R. 
vigilia S. Matthaei Apost. Evan., ao 

Sept., P. B. C. R. M. 
vigilia Michaelis, 28 Sept. (P.). 
vigilia Nativitatis Domini, 24 Dec., 

P. B. C. R. 
vigilia Nativitatis S. lohannis Bapt., 

23 lun., R. P. 
vigilia Nativitatis B. Mariae, V., 7 Aug., 

P. 
vigilia ante noctem S. Nicholai Trans- 

lationis, 8 Mai., P. 
vigilia S. Nicholai, 5 Dec., P. 
vigilia Omnium Sanctorum, 31 Oct., 

P. C. R. 

vigilia Palmarum (22 Mart.), B. C. 
vigilia Paschae, Ascensionis, Pentecostes, 

Trinitatis et Sacramenti (sub mense 

April. 1 ), P. 
vigilia Purificationis, I Feb., P., cf. 

p. 199. 
vigilia Resnrrectionis (s. Paschae), 26 

Mart., R. 
vigilia SS. Simonis et Indae (s. Thaddei), 

27 Oct., P. B. C. R. Cam. 
vigilia S. Thomae Apost., 20 Dec., 

?M. B. C. R. 

Vincentii levitae, M. t 22 Ian. 
vincula S. Petri (ad), I Aug. 
virgo, ia Aug.; i6Aug.,R.; i8Aug.,P. 



Visitatio, B. Mariae, V., 2 lul., B. (C.) 
R. M. 

Vitalis, M., 28 Apr., B. C. R. Cam. 

Viti et Modesti, MM., 15 lun., R. Cam. 
(Kal. Shepherds). 

1 Vocemiocunditatisj Introit. in Dominica 
v. post Pascha, et in Vigilia Ascen- 
sionis, 17 Mai., P. 

Wenefridae, V. M., 3 Nov., R. 
Willelmi, Eborum Archiep., C., 8 lun., 

O. Cam. 
Willelmi Bituricensis Archiep., 10 Ian., 

P. 

Withburgae, V., 17 Mart., Cam. 
Withburgae, V., 8 lul., Cam. 
Wulfranni, Ep. C., Translatio, 15 Oct., 

B. C. R. 
Wulstani al. Wulfstani, Ep. C., 19 Ian., 

(A.) B. C. R. M. 
Wynewaldi, 3 Mart., Cam. 

Xysti (al. Sixti) papae, Felicissimi et 
Agapiti, MM., 6 Aug., B. C. Cam. 

Ypoliti al. Hippolyti, et Sociorum, MM., 

13 Aug., O. R. M. Cam. 
Yvonis C. de Britannia et advocati, 19 

Mai., P. 



*,* A supplementary index of Saints, with reference to the older, or non- 
academical, substratum of MS. Trin. Coll. Cant. R. 14. 29 (a fourteenth-century 
Kalendar of French origin, printed at the end of our Preface), is given as ' Index 
no. V,' below. 



II. INDEX MISSARVM, ETC. 

PRO ANIMIS BENEFACTORVM ACADEMIAE OXONIENSIS : 
ITEM CESSATIONVM, RESVMPTIONVM, ETC. 

ob. A.D. 

Agnus Dei, in Missa pro Defnnctis, 63, 68. 
901. Alfred, king. Alnredi regis, 59. 
1536. Annae (Boleyn), reginae, 58. 

1414. Arundel, T. archiep. Cantuar., ob. 19 Feb. 1414, Mun. Acad. i. 266. 
Ascendens lesus, Evangelium. Cf. Missale Sarum, pp. 179, vel 

749*; 19. 

Audivi vocem, antiphona in vigiliis mortuorum, 63. 
1524. Audley, Edm., Sarisburiensis episcopi, 58. 
c. 1419. Aylmere, J., LL.D., commem. ad missam pro anima Walteri de Grey, 

12 Nov. Ordinatio, A.D. 1419. Mun. Acad. i. 271 ; 22. 
1455. Beaufort, Edmundi, duels Somerset., 61. 
1447. Beaufort, Henrici, Winton. Ep., cardinalis, obitus n Apr.; missae 9 

Apr., 29 Apr. (Mun. Acad. i. 333-5), 22, 49, 59, 61, 71, 87. 
1509. Beaufort, Margaretae. Vide ' Margaretae, dominae.' 
1427. Beaufort, T., ducis Exon., 60. 
1297. Bedel, Reginald! le, missa, 10 Mai., xviii, 61, 72, 88, 89 (Pat. 25 Ed. I, 

m. 2). 

Benefactomm Universitatis, 10 Nov. (10-12 Nov.), 58, 59, 62, 78, 86. 
1613. Bodley, T., dom., 100. 
[1322. Brom, Adae le, 16 lun. Oriel, 41.] 

(1357.) Burgenses tenentur offerre, ad missam in die S. Scholasticae, 10 Feb., pro 
suspendio clericorum, A.D. 1354 (Mun. Acad. i. 196, 202; ii. 463), 
14, 24, 60, 69, 82, 83, 104. 
1340. Burghersh, H., Lincoln. Episcopi, 29, 30 Nov., 42. 

Cessacio magistrorum regentium, in vigilia Palmarum (14 Mart.-i7 Apr.) 
24, 61, 84, 85. Item 17 Dec., crastino post Sapientia, 24, 63, 102, 
103. Item feria v. ante Pentecosten (18 Mai.), 88 (cf. 87), 89. Item 
5, 6 lul., 24, 92, 93. 

Cessacio determinatorum, feria iv ante Ramos palmarum, 6l. 
1357. Charlton, Cherleton, Humfridi, cancellarii Oxon. 1354-7. Ordinatio, 
1356. Missa (cum Lud. Cherleton) 20 Nov. (Mun. Acad. i. 187, 188, 
204, 223 ; ii. 373), 22, 63, 100, 101. 

1369. Charlton, Cherleton, Ludovici, D.C.L., Herfordensis Epi., ob. 24 
lun. 1369. Missa (cum Humfr. fratre suo), 20 Nov. (Mun. Acad. 
i 167, 168, 223; ii. 373), 22, 56, 63, 100, 101. 

1443. Chicheley, H., archiepi. Cantuar., ob. 12 Apr. 1443. Missa, 26 
Apr. (Mun. Acad. i. 291). Cista (Mun. Acad. i. 291-7; ii. 746), 22, 87. 
1327. Cobnam, T. Wigorniensis episcopi, ob. 20 Nov. 1327 (' 27 Aug.' Stubbs}. 
(Mun. Acad. i. 228.) 

1415. Courtenay, Ric., Norvicensis episcopi, ob. 15 Sept. 1415. Mun. Acad. 

i. 266. Cancellarii Oxon. 1406-7, 1411-2. 
Cum natus esset, Evangelium. Cf. Missale Sarum, p. 86; 19. 
? 1457. Danvers, dom. W. armigeri, cum loanna coniuge sua relicta (Coll. Magd. 
benefact.). Missa, 13 Nov. (Mun. Acad. i. 336. Cista Dawnvers, 
Mun. Acad. i. 336, 343; ii. 669, 747), 22, 56, 59, 63, 780, 100, 101. 
(lohannes Danvers, commissarius, 1452-8; Mun. Acad. ii. 674, 680.) 



266 II. INDEX MISSARVM, BENEFACTORVM, ETC. 

c. 1450. Deavillporte, De la Porte, \V., executor testament! H. Beaufort cardinalis. 

Exequiae, post octavas paschae, 61. 
[Dedicatio Collegii Mariae Magdalenae, 20 Oct. ; 34.] 
1476. [Dedicatio capellae Coll. Univ., 30 Apr. A.D. 1476.] 

[Dedicatio Ecclesiae B. Mariae Oxon., 3 Oct. Kal. Oriel, 41. Alibi, 

27 lul., 10, 41 .] 

1613. [Dedicatio, sive Consecratio Coll. Wadham., 8 Nov. 1602 ; 91.] 
De profundis, psalmus cxxix ( = cxxx) ; 59. 
Dilexisti, Missa de Virgine non Martyre, 62. 
' Dirige] antiphona in matutinis mortuorum, 18, 21, 26, 31, 39, 41, 42, 

43-49. &c - 

1536. Dudley, Ric., cancellarii eccl. Sarisburiensis, 18-19 Oct., Coll. Oriel, 42.] 

Duncan, Dunkan, Missa post electionem procnratorum versus 19 Apr.; 

Statuta sive ordinaciones, 4 Mai. 1457,6*. A.D. 1463. (Mun. Acad. 

744. 757). . 87- 
1366. Edington, Edynton, W., Wintoniensis episcopi, qui ob. 7-8 Oct. 1306. 

Missa, 38 Feb. (Mun. Ac-ad, i. 187), 47, 60, 69 n. 

[1327. Edvardi II regis Angliae, ob. 21 Sept. 1327. Coll. Oriel, obitns, 41.] 
1377. Edvardi III regis Angliae, ob. 21 lun. 1377. Missa, 25 Ian. (Mun. 

Acad. i. 186; ii. 373), 22, 46, 60, 64, 68, 80. 

' Ego sum, 1 antiphona ad ps. Benedictus in laudibus mortuorum, 63. 
1297. Elae Longespee, Longa spatha, Lungespey, comitissae Warwic., ob. 

6 Feb. 1297, sepultae apud Oseney. Obitus, 9 Feb. Missae, 22 Feb. 

et 23 Nov. ' de omnibus sanctis.' (Mun. Acad. i. 62, 64, 66 ; ii. 746.) 

Cista Warwick, 21 (bis), 47, 59, 60, 63, 690, 78 n, 82, 83. 
1290. Eleanorae, Alienorae, reginae (uxoris Edvardi i. regis) Castiliensis, ob. 

29 Nov. 1290. Missa, 39 Nov. {Mun. Acad. ii. 371), 21, 63, 64, 

78 n. 
Electio Custodum Cistarum [?hiemalium], 7 Dec., in crastino S. Nicolai 

(Mun. Acad. ii. 496, 745; ?4 Dec.; cf. id. i. p. cl. n) 24. 
? Elizabethae, quondam reginae Angliae [? Eboracensis, ob. Ii Feb. 1502. 

Eliz. de Woodville, ob. 1486] ; Exequiae, 10 Feb. (MS. Archiv. B.), 

22, 63, 64, 78 n, 83 n. 
Exoniensis, vide ' Beaufort.' 
Frideswida V., missa de sancta, ad processionem pro pace Universitatis 

petenda, ad S. Frideswidam, in dominica refectionis, 62. 
13 . Gildeford, Gyldford, H. de (le Mareschal), cir. A. D. 1313. Missa, 12 

Mart. {Mun. Acad. i. 95, 105; Cista, id. i. 102 ; ii. 372, 745), 21, 48, 

61, 70 , 84,85. 
1447. Gloucestriae, Humfridi (de Planta genista) ducis ; ob. 23-24 Feb., 

1446-7. Benefactor in libraria fundanda, Mun. Acad. i. 266 ; ii. 735, 

758-72). Missae, 23 Feb. et 28 Oct., 22, 24, 47, 59, 60, 69, 82, 83. 
1397. Gloucestriae, Thomae (de Planta genista) ducis; 'quondam ducis,' 

1385-97. ob. 24 Sept. 1397. Missa, 25 Ian. Cum missa pro 

anima Edwardi III. concurrenter ; 22, 81. 
1255. Gray, Grey, Gualteri de, Eboracensis Archiepi., ob. I Mai., 1255. 

Missae, I Mai. et 12 Nov. (Mun. Acad. ii. 370, 372), 21, 49, 61, 62, 

71 n, 72 n, 78 n, 88, 89, 100, 101. 
1362. Gynwell, Synwell, Kynwell, I. de, Lincolniensis Ep., ob. 5 Aug., 1362. 

Missa, 28 Feb. (Mun. Acad. i. 186, 187), 22, 47, 60, 69 n, 82, 83. 
c. 1315. Harklay, Hercley, H. de, cancellarii Oxon., 1313-15. Missa, 25 lun. 

(Mun. Acad. i. 91, 95, 101 ; ii. 373, 587), ai, 26, 62, 73 n, 90. 
Hart, Hert, vide Lyhert. 
? 1497. Heathfield, Hothfield, Holyfeld (?Lichfield), Ri., Middlesexiae archid., 

59, 62, 99 n (Ri. Lichfeld, archid. Bathon. et Middelsex. obiit 27 

Feb. 1496-7). 
1272. Henrici III, regis Angliae, ob. 16 Nov. 1272. Missa, 16 Nov. (Mun. 

Acad. i. 262, 266; ii. 370), 22, 56, 62, 63, 100, 101. 
1413. Henrici IV, regis Angliae, ob. 20 Mart. 1413. Missa, 18 Mart. (Mun. 

Acad. i. 262, 266), 22, 48, 59, 60, 64, 84, 85. 
1422. Henrici V (Henrici principis Walliae), ob. 31 Aug. 1422. Missa, 31 

Oct. {Mun. Acad. i. 266), 32, 62, 77 n. 



II. INDEX MISSARVM, BENEFACTORVM, ETC. 267 

1471. Henrici VI regis Angliae, obitas, 21 Mai., 1471 ; 50. 

1509. Henrici VII regis Angliae, ob. 21 Apr. 1509. Missa, n Mai., 22, 59, 

62, 88, 89. 

[1547.] Henrici VIII regis Angliae, ob. 28 Ian. 1547; 58, 59, 62. 
Henrici Episcopi Winton. Vide ' Beaufort.' 
Humfridi principis. Vide ' Gloucestriae.' 
Husee, Husy, Hussey, lacobi, Missa, 9 Apr. Cista (cum Vaughan, sive 

Wagam); Mun. Acad. ii. 745; cf. id. i. 158), 22, 61, 71, 86, 87. 
[1537.] lanae (loannae Seymour) reginae, ob. 14 (al. 24) Oct. 1537; 58. 

' In principio] Evangelium. Cf. Missale Sarum, p. 61 ; 19. 
1435. lohannis Planta genistae, principis Lancastriae, ducis Bedford, ob. 14 

Sept. 1435 (Mun. Acad. i. 266). 
1366. Islip, Yslyp, Simonis, Archiep. Cantuar., ob. 26 Apr., 1366. Missa, 28 

Feb. (Mun. Acad. i. 186), 32, 47, 59, 60, 69 , 82, 83. 
[1536.] Katharinae de Arragon, reginae Angliae, ob. 6 Ian. 1536; 59. 
1454. Kemp, Io., archiep. Ebor. et Cantuar., cardinalis, ob. 22 Mar. 1454. 
Exequiae cum anniversario Thomae, fratris filia (Mun. Acad. i. 
251-4), 59, 61, 62, 71 n, 99. 

1489. Kemp, Thoma, London, ep., ob. 28 Mar. 1489. (Mun. Acad. i. 251.) 
Exequiae cum patrui sui lohannis exequiis, in mense Octobri, cir. diem 
'9-3 1 5 59> 62,997*. 

[Kerver, Ro., Coll. Oriel, ob. 25 Mart.; 41.] 
Kynwell, vide ' Gynewell.' 
1307. Lacy, H. de, comitis Lincoln., ob. A.D. 1312. Missa, 17 Dec.; al, 57, 

63, 79 , 102, 103. (Cf. Pat. i Ed. II, p. i. m. 15.) 

1337. Langton, Io. de, Cicestrensis ep., ob. 17 lun. 1337. Missa, 16 lun. 

Cista (Mun. Acad. i. 133-40 ; ii. 741, 745), 21, 23, 6a, 73**, 90, 91. 
Leofard, vide 'Leupardo.' 

[1521.] Leonis X, papae, ob. i Dec., 1521 ; 58/ 

1305. Leupardo, Leofardo, Gilleberti de sancto, Cicestrensis ep., ob. 12 Feb. 
1305. Missa, 26 (al. 25) Mai. (Mun. Acad.u. 373), 21, 62, 72 , 
88, 89. 

[1347. Leverton, W. de, praepositi Oriel, ob. 21 Nov.; 42.] 
1497. Lichfeld, Ri., LL.D., archid. Bathon. et Middelsexiae, ob. 27 Feb. 
1496-7. Statutum, 25 Feb. 1490. (Mun. Acad. i. 357), 99 n. Vide 
insuper ' Heathfield.' 
Longespee, vide ' Elae.' 
[1547.] Longland, Langland, Io. Lincolniensis ep., obiit 7 Mai., 1547 ; 58. 

1472. [Lyhert, Gualteri, le Hert, al. Hart, Norvicensis ep., Coll. Oriel, obit., 

21-22 Oct. ; 42. 
1304. Mansell, dom Io., ob. 4 Dec. 1304. Missa, 5 Dec. in vigilia S. Nicolai. 

(Mun. Acad. i. 82; ii. 371) cum Io. de Pontisera, et cum fratris 

filii sui exequiis ; 63. 

13 . Mansell, Io. iunioris, cum exequiis patrui sui Io. Mansell senioris, 63. 
1424. March, Edmundi Mortimer comitis de, ob. A.D. 1424. (Mun. Acad. 

i. 266.) 
1509. Margaretae, dominae, de Beaufort, comitissae de Richemund. ob. 29 

lun. 1509. Ordinatio, 24 Oct. 1504. (Mun. Acad. i. 364-66), 59. 
[Martyn, Ri., Coll. Oriel, obit. 21 Dec. ; 42.] 
Matildis comitissae Exon., 12 (al. 13) Nov., cum Danvers, 56, 63. 
Missa, ' massa,' 'misa,' 'mista'; 56, 57. 
Missa pro Benefactoribus academiae vivis et defunctis. Cf. Missale 

Sarum, p. 821*. Pro benefactoribus et salute vivorum, id. pp. 859*, 

871-2*. Missa de Requiem, et pro benefactoribus, 62, 86. 
Missa Burgensium. Vide supra, ' Burgenses.' 
Missa de Cessacione, 2 1 . Vide ' Missa de Trinitate.' 
Missa ' Dilexisti! Cf. Missale Sarum, p. 724*; 62. 
Missa de S. Frideswida Virgine. Cf. Missale Sarum, p. 941. (Non 

vero pro salute animae Frideswide, ut Mun. Acad. i. p. cxxvi, et ii. 

449, in margine, per incuriam ; sed de communi Virginis non Martyris 

(id. 718*).) 
Missa Nell'. Vide supra, pp. 22, 23, 60; (216, Cam.} ' Neel.' 



268 //. INDEX MISSARYM, BENEFACTORVM, ETC. 

Missa de Omnibus Sanctis, (23 Nov.) votiva. Cf. Missale Sarum, p. 

826* ; 100, 101. 
Missa pro Pace Studii. Cf. Missale Sarum, p. 783*. Item, Missa Salus 

populi, id. p. 741*; 62. 

Missa ' Recordare? Cf. Missale Sarum, p. 886* ; IT. 
Missa pro Rege. Cf. Missale Sarum, p. 784*. Item pro Rege et 

Regina, id. p. 828*; 62. 
Missa de Requie ; 41. Vide ' Requiem? 
Missa de Resumpcione ; 21, 23, 77 ., 98, 99. Vide 'Missa de Spiritu 

Sancto.' 
Missa de Spiritn Sancto. Cf. Missale Sarum, pp. 743*, 787*, 795* ; 21, 

3 3> 77 w > 98. 99- (Cantab., 29.) 

Missa de Trinitate. Cf. Missale Sarum, p. 735* ; 21, 23, 92, 93. 
' Missus est \angelus~\ Gabriel.' Evangelium ; Cf. Missale Sarum, 

pp. 30, 729, 766*; 19. 
71344. Neel, Gualteri, domini de Effyngham (?in comitatu Surrey) al s de 

Asshenden (?civis London.), ob. ? 1344. Missa, 22 Ian. (Mutt. Acad. 

i. 168. Cista, id. ii. 372, 745), 22, 23, 46, 60, 64, 68, 80, 81. 
' Omnibus Sanctis,' ' Missa de ' ; 23 Nov. Vide ' Elae.' 
1455. [Perci, Percy, H. comitis Northanhumberland. Coll. Univ., Exequiae, 

21 Mai. Obitus, 22 Mai.; 40, 7. (Pat. 21 H. vi, p. 2. m. 19.) 
Placebo, Antiphona in vesperis Mortuorum, 18, 21, 26, 61, 62, &c. 
1304. Pontiserra, Pontoise, Pentys, lo. de, Wintoniensis epi., ob. 4 Dec. 1304. 

Missa, 5, al. Dec. (Mun. Acad. i. 82 ; ii. 373. Cista, id. i. 82-5), 

21, 63, 79 w, 102, 103. 
Porte, vide ' Deavill" porte, 

Quasimodo, Missa in Dominica in Octa. Paschae, 7 r 86, 87. 
Reginae cista. (Mun. Acad. i. 105.) 
Recumbentibusj Evahgelium ; 19. 
Reginaldi servientis. Vide ' Bedel.' 

[Reliquiarnm Festum (?Eccl. Sarisburiensis), Coll. Oriel., 8 Inl. ; 41.] 
1434. Repyngdon, Philippi, cardinalis, Lincolniensis epi. 1405, Cancellarii 

Oxon. 1397, 1400-1402. ob. ? August, 1434. (Mun. Acad. i. 266; 

ii. 684.) 
'Requiem? Missa de, 12 Mart., 9 Apr., 31 Oct., 29 Nov. et 5 Dec. pro 

animis Guildeford, Hussey et Vaughan, pro Henrico rege V., Elianora 

regina, et lo. de Pontisera. (Cf. Statutum, 20 Nov. 1412, de Missis 

de Requiem qnater singulis annis per capellanum bibliothecarium 

academiae cantandis, Mun. Acad. i. 267.) 41 (cf. 46, 56, 57), 63, 

82, 83, 84, 85, &c., 90, 91, 98, 99, 102-3. 
Resumpcio Magistrorum Regencium, 14 Ian., 9 Apr., et 10 Oct.; 24, 

77, 98, 99, et 24, 59, 68, 80, 81, 87; feria iv. post Quasimodo (Low 

Sunday), 24, 61, 86, 87 ; feria iv. post Trip., 24, 62, 77, 88, 89, 98, 99. 
1399. Richardi II. regis Angliae, ob. 13 (al. 14) P'eb. 1400 (? Mun. Acad. ii. 

795). Missa, 13 Oct. (? 22), 62. 
[1485. Richardi III. regis Angliae, ob. 22 Aug. 1485 (1 Mun. Acad. ii. 795), 

? 32. Sed videtur potius Ric. Secundo pertinere.] 
71314. Robery, Rothbury, Roubery, Rouburi, Roubyry, Gilleberti de, ob. cir. 

A. D. 1314-20. Missa, 15 (al. ii) Mai., feria iv. post festum S. 

Trinitatis (Mun. Acad. ii. 373; Cista, id. i. 102-4; ii. 746), 21; 

' henrici roberi,' 59, 62, 72 n, 88, 89. 
1482. [Sampson, H., Coll. Oriel, 21-22 Oct., 1482 ; 42.] 

Scholastica V., Ad missam de sancta, 10 Feb., tenentur burgenses offerre 

pro suspendio clericorum A. D. 1354; 69, 82, 83. 
[Scrutatoribus, 84. Sed vide ad p. 247.] 
71340. Selton, Shelton, Celtone, Gul., canonici eccl. Wellensis [W. Skelton, 

quid am, fuit procurator Oxon. A. D. 1315, 1322, et idem cancellarius, 

A. D. 1339-40]. Keg. Univ. i. 288. Missa, 6 Mai. (Mun. Acad. 

i. 213, 219. Cista, id. ii. 747), 22, 59, 61, 88, 89. 
Servientis, Reginaldi. Vide ' Bedel.' 
? 1348. Shepey, Shapeia, Sheppey, Schofey, Scopeya, al. Staford, lo de (Nescio 

an sit I. Shopey, Roffensis Ep., qui ob. 19 Oct. 1360, vel I. Shepey, 



II. INDEX MISSARVM, BENEFACTORVM, ETC. 269 



decanus Lincolniensis, qui ob. circiter i Ian. 1411-12). Missa, cum 
exequiis Neel, 22 Ian. (Mun. Acad. i. 168), Cista, cum Neel, 22, 23, 
60, 64, 68. 
1406. [Skirlaw, Gualteri, Coll. Univ. obitus, Ep. Dunelm., 25 Mart. 1405-6 ; 

39-] 
1514. Smyth, Gul. Lincoln. Ep. (Coll. OneL, Dirige, 2 Ian.) ; 40. Ob. 

2 Ian. 1513-14; 58. 

' Spiritu Sancto,' ' Missa de,' in Resumptione Magistrorum Regentinm, 
mense Octobri. (Mun. Acad. i. 267.) Ordinatio pro Missa de 
S. Spiritu quater in anno> dicenda per capellanum bibliothecarium 
universitatis, 20 Nov. 1412, ibid. 23, 23 n, 77 n, 98, 99. 

1348. Stratford, Strathaia, lohannis de, ep. Winton., ob. 23 Aug. 1348 ; 59. 
Symonis Archiepi. Vide f Islip.' 
Synwell. Vide ' Gynwell.' 
1421. Thomae de Planta genista, ducis Clarenciae, ob. 1421. (Mun. Acad. 

i. 266.) 
1373. Thoresby, lo. archiep. Ehor., ob. 6 Nov. 1373. Missa, 28 Feb. (Mun. 

Acad. i. 186), 22, 47, 60, 69 , 82, 83. 
Toly (al. Folye), W., 61. 
' Trinitate,' ' Missa de Sancta,' in cessatione Magistrorum regentium, 

5 (al. 6) mense lulio, ai, 23, 23 , 74 n, 92, 93. 

I 337- Turvyle, Tureuyle, Philippi, canonici Lichefeldensis, ob. A.D. 1337. 
Missa, 2 Mart. (Mun. Acad. i. 130. Ordinatio cistae, id. i. 130-3. 
Cista, id. ii. 745), 21, 48, 60, 70 n, 84, 85. 
Umfridi. Vide ' Glocestriae.' 
Vacacio incep* olim, 15 Sept., 76 ; cf. p. 24. 



TABULA TERMINORUM ET VACATIONUM OXON. 


TERMINUS 


RESUMPTIO 


CESSATIO 


I. Miohaelis 


crastino S. Dionysii, 10 Oct. 


die 8 va ante Nat. Domini, eras, 
post Sapientia : 1 7 Dec. 


a. Hilarii 


crastino S. Hilarii, 14 Ian. 


vigilia in Ramis palmarum 
(inter 14 Mart.-i7 April.). 


3. Paschae 


feria iv. post Quasimodo inter 
i April-5 Mai. 


feria v. (al. iv.) ante Pente- 
costem (in octava Ascen- 
sionis) inter 7 Mai.-io lun. 


4. Trinitatis 


feria iv. post Trin., in vigilia 
Corporis Christ! inter 20 
Mai.-23 lun.* 


quindena ante festum S. Mi- 
chaelis,' secundum benepla- 
citum legentium,' 14 Sept. 



* Nunquam tamen cessabant Magistri regentes, in fine termini Trinitatis, citra 
proximnm diem legibilem ante [vii lulii] festum Translationis S. Thomae. (Con- 
stitutio pro Regentibus : Mun. Acad. ii. 447.) Videas insuper (6 lul., &c.) pp. 
24, 127, 167, 243. Et de lectionibus in magna vacatione habitis, apud Oxford 
Statutes (1853), torn. II. Col. Corporis Christi, pp. 49, 57 ; Coll. Cardinal., p. 179; 
Coll. D. lohannis, p. 56. 



270 II. INDEX MISSARVM, BENEFACTORVM, ETC. 



Vacatio : 

INDEX in Tabulam praecedentem. 





Pro Resumptionibus : 


Pro Cessationibus : 


Termini I 
Termini 2 
Termini 3 
Termini 4 


Vide pp. 24, 77, 98, 99 
24, 59, 68, 80, 81 
24, 61, 86, 87 
62, 88, 89, 98, 99 


Vide pp. 63, 1 02, 103 
,, 24, 61, 84, 85 
24, 87, 88 
76, cf. 127 



Vacatio magna ' durat a Translatione B. Thomae martyris (7 lul.) usque 
ad festum B. Lncae (18 Octob.).' Statutes i, Coll. Balliol, p". vi. 

Vaughan, vide ' Wagham.' 

c. 1295. Vienna, Wien, Hugonis de, Coll. Balliol, benefactoris Cista. (Cf. Patent 
23 Ed. I m. n. p. I) Reg. Univ. i. 288 (Mun. Acad. i. 105 ; ii. 496, 

747)- 
Vyall, Ric. prioris de Wytham in Selwood, ord. Carthusian., Exequiae, 

post octavas Paschae, 61. 

[1613.] Wadham Collegii consecratio, 29 lun., 1613: 91. 
1346. Wagham, Wagham, Vaughan, Thomae. Missa, 9 Apr. cum Hussey. 

Cista Wagam (Mun. Acad. i. 158 ; ii. 745), 22, 6 1, 71, 86, 87. 
Wallez, Waller, a/. Walker, Ric., praefecti familiae H. Beaufort 

cardinalis, Exequiae, ii Apr., 61. 
[1532.] Warham, Gul., archiep. Cantuar., Cancellarii Oxon. A.D. 1506-32. 

ob. mense Aug. 1532, 58. 

[Whaplode, Gul., oeconomi Hen. Beaufort cardinalis. Vide p. 61.] 
Wien, vide ' Vienna.' 
J 457 Wilton, Steph., archidiaconi Winton. et Cleveland, ob. mense lun. (al. 

lul.) 1457 ; 61. 

Winton. episcopi, Henrici. Vide 'Beaufort' (H.). Cista Wynton., 
ex fundatione lo. de Pontisera Wintoniensis episcopi, qui obiit A.D. 
1304. (Mun. Acad. ii. 745.) 
c. 1471. [Wylcottes, Missa, sabbato festum Ascensionis (sub 21 Mai.) Coll. 

Oriel. ; 41.] 
Wynton., Vide 'Winton.' 



III. INDEX CISTARVM ACADEMIAE ET 
COLLEGIORVM OXONIENSIVM 

, , do I H = cista hiemalis. 
{ E = cista aestivalis. 

A. Dni cista 

E antiqua. Vide ' Universitatis.' 
?!5i6 Audeley. (Forsan Edmundi Audi ey, Ep. Sarisb. 1502-24). Cf.Reg. 

Univ. i. p. 298 (ed. Boase). Octob. 1516. 
1640 Bodley, domini Thomae (cum W. Read) cista, in Coll. Merton. 

(Ille obiit 28 Ian. 1612). 

? 1 295 Burnell, W. (Ball.) praeposit. (? et decani) Wellen. Cf. Mun. Acad. 

(2^/1305) i. 105, 158; ii. 496, 746. Cf. Patent, 33 Ed. I., p. i. m. 19, 

concessa executoribus testamenti eius. 
Celton. Vide 'Seltone.' 
1432 H Chichele, H., Archiep. Cant, (qui obiit A.D. 1443). Cf. Mun. Acad. 

291, 297, 746. 'Chycheley,' Reg. Univ. i. 287. 
E Chichester, Cicestire. Mun. Acad. i. 105 ; ii. 747 1 . 
1457 E Danvers, dominae loannae (Coll. Magd. benefactricis). Mun. Acad. 

i. 236 ; ii. 496, 669, 747, 750. 
E Duncan, Dunken, Donkam. Cf. Mun. Acad. i. 255 ; ii. 744, 747, 

757- Reg' Univ. i. 297. 
1293 Ela (Longespee) comitissae Warwick. Vide ' Warwick.' 

(E) estivales ciste : viz. ' Qnatuor clavium,' ' Quinque clavium,' ' Trium 
philosophiarum,' ' Burnell,' 'Rofeury,' 'Viennae.' Mun. Acad. 
ii. 746-7. 
exemplariorum cista. (A chest for bonds, cautions, muniments, 

&c.) Mun. Acad. i. 155. 
? 1426 H Exon. Forsan T. Beaufort ducis, sive Matildae comitissae. Mun. 

Acad. ii. 746. 
Frideswidae (Sanctae), ' Fridiswidide f,' Reg. Univ. i. 297. Mun. 

Acad. 8, 10, n, 24; ii. 498. 
13 H Guildford, H. le Mareschal. 'Gylforde.' Reg. Univ. i. 287, 298. 

Mun. Acad. i. 102 ; ii. 372, 745. 

(H) hiemales cistae : viz. ' Winton,' ' Gylford,' ' Neel,' ' Turville,' ' Lang- 
ton," ' Lincoln,' ' Chichele,' ' Wagham.' Reg. Univ. i. 287. 
Mun. Acad. ii. 745-6. 

H Husy, lac. (cum ' Wagham '). Mun. Acad. i. 158 ; ii. 496, 745. 
Kempe, dom. Nicholaus, Hist, et Ant. (Wood-Gutch.) ii. 353. 

Wood's Life and Times, i. 77. 
1337 H Langton, I. ep. Cicestrensis. ob. 17 lun. (sive 9 lul.) 1337. Mun. 

Acad. ii. 741, 745. Hist. Wood-Gutch, i. 434. 
Lincoln, ' Lincoll.' Mun. Acad. i. 105, 158 ; ii. 496, 746. 
maior cista, in Coll. Magd. Vide ' Statutes} 'ii. (Coll. Magd.) p. 74. 
' mathematicall chest.' Vide Wood's Life and Times, iv. 124. 

1 Chichester chest : cista ab episcopo (nescio quo) Cicestriae, e.g. Gilberto de 
Leofardo (1288-1304), I. de Langton (1305-37), Ro. de Stratford (1337-62), 
fundata. De ea mentio incidit aliquando post annum 1320. Mun. Acad. i. 105. 
In R. de Stratford Ep. Cicestrensem cum fratre suo Archiep. Cantuar. arbitratorem 
A.D. 1344 convenit universitas Oxon. (ibid. i. 145). 



272 ///. INDEX CISTARVM, ETC. 

mutni (al. mntuo) cistae, sine cistellae, in Coll. Corporis Christi. 
Vide ' Statutes ' ii. (Coll. C. C.) p. 92. 

in Coll. Cardinalis, ibid. ii. (Coll. Card.) p. 114. 

in Coll. D. lohannis Bapt., ibid. iii. (Coll. D. lo. Bapt.) p. 91. 

c. 1320 H Neel, Walter, civis Lond. vel potius domini de Effyngham. ' Nele,' 

Univ. Reg. i. 287. Mun. Acad. i. 168; ii. 372, 496, 745. 
nova cista. Mun. Acad. i. 155. 

1306 Pontiserra (Pontoise), lo. de, Ep. Winton, et I. Mansel, cum I. 

Mansel iuniore. Mun. Acad. i. 82-5 ; ii. 373. Vide ' Wynton.' 
procuratorum. Mun. Acad. i. 157. 
E quattuor clavium. Reg. Univ. i. 288. Mun. Acad. i. 152, 157 ; ii. 

728, 746. 

queen's chest. Vide ' Reginae.' 
E quinque clavium. Mun. Acad. i. 257, 280, 326 ; ii. 747. Cf. Wood's 

Life and Times, iii. 404 ; iv. 58, 126, 150, 182. 
1640 Read, W., cum Bodley; cista in Coll. Merton. 

71290 E reginae (?Alienorae, ob. 29 Nov. 1290). Mun. Acad. i. 105; ii. 

496, 747. 

1314 E Robury, Gillberti de, 'Routhbury,' ' Ruthbery,' ' Rothbery.' Reg. 
Univ. i. 297, 298. Mun. Acad. i. 104 ; ii. 373, 496, 746. Hist. 
Wood-Cough, i. 393. 
? 1340 E Seltone, W. de, praebendarii Wellen. < Celton,' Reg. Univ. i. 288. 

Mun. Acad. i. 213, 219 ; ii. 496, 747. 
71348 Shepey, lo. (cum 'Neel'). Utrum A.D. 1348, an potius 1412, 

mihi quidem incertum. 

trinm clavium. Cf. Wood's Life and Times, iv. 123-4. 
? 1447 E trium philosophiarum et septem artium liberalium, pro bibliotheca 

Humfridi ducis Glocestriae. Mun. Acad. i. 327 ; ii. 746. 

? 1337 H Turvyle, Philippi, canonici Lichefeldensis. ' Turwell,' Reg. Univ. 
i. 287. Mun. Acad. i. 130; ii. 496, 745. Hist. Wood-Gutch, 

i- 434- 

nniversitatis cista antiqua. Reg. Univ. i. 288. Mun. Acad. i. 155 ; 

ii. 746. 
c. 1346 universitatis cista nova. Mun. Acad. i. 155. 

1545 universitatis cista cum quinque clavibus, 17 Dec. 1545, fundata et in 

thesaurario Coll. Univ. deposita. Wood's Life and Times, iv. 
126. 

Vaughan. Vide ' Wagham.' 

c. 1295 Viennae, ' Vien.' (Hugonis de Wienna, Coll. Ball, benefactoris. 

Cf. Pat. 23 Ed. I. m. n. p. 1.) Reg. Univ. i. 288. Mun. 
Acad. i. 105 ; ii. 496, 747. 
1346 H Wagham ; ' Wagam,' Reg. Univ. i. 287. al. ' Vaughan.' Mun. 

Acad. i. 158 ; ii. 496, 745. 
? 1293 E Warwick. Nescio an sit cista Elae comitissae (quae obiit A.D. 1297). 

Mun. Acad. ii. 496, 498-9, 746. Cf. id. i. 62-67. 

1306 H Wynton, ' Winton.' Reg. Univ. i. 287, 297. Mun. Acad. ii. 496, 
745. Ex fundatione lo. de Pontisera Wintoniensis Episcopi, qui 
obiit 4 Dec. 1304. (Wood-Gutch, i. 368-9.) 



273 



IV. INDEX TO THE 
PARIS UNIVERSITY KALENDAR ' 

(See above, pp. 197-215.) 

Aestatis initium, 9 Mai. ; 204. 

Alemanorum festum, 6 Ian. ; 198. 

alicubi non legitur, 3 Mai.; 204; non consuevit legi, 19 Mai.; 204. 

Ambianensium festum, 13 Ian. ; 198. 

Anglicorum nationis festa, 20 Nov., 29 Dec. ; 213, 215. 

animabus defunctorum Universitatis, missa pro, 3 Feb. ; 199. 

anniversarium, vide ' Antissiodorensis,' ' Serbona.' 

Antissiodorensis, al. Autissiodorensis, Gulielmi, anniversarium, 3 Nov. ; 212. 

ardentium miraculum, 26 Nov.; 213. 

Augustinenses, vide 'sermo.' 

bachalarii in decretis, 9 Mar. ; 201. 

bachilarios, non le per, 15 Dec. ; 214. 

bedellus, 13 Feb., 1-2 Nov. ; 200, 212. 

beianorum privilegium, 13 Feb., 1-2 Nov. ; 200, 212. 

Bernardinos, missa apud., 20 Aug. ; 208 ; sermo, ibid. 

bibliam legentes, 9 Mar. ; 201. 

Brunelli, vide 'vicus.' 

Burgundi solent supplicare, Burgnndorum festum, 17 Ian. ; 199. 

Buridani, lohannis, obitus, 10 Oct., mense Oct. ; ail, 212. 

bursa Navarrensis, 25 Aug. ; 209. 

capella regia, 31 Mai., 30 Sept. ; 205, 210, 

capella sancta, 26 Apr. ; 203. 

Carmelitae, vide ' sermo.' 

Carnisprivii dies, 15 Feb., 17 Feb.; 200. 

cathedralis ecclesia, 4 Mar. ; 201. 

cessatur a lectionibus ordinariis, mense Dec.; 215. 

cinerum dies, 1 7 Feb. ; 200. 

circumcisionis reuerentia, mense Dec.; 215. 

collatio, 17 Feb., i Mar. ; 200, 201. 

collegium Navarrense, 25 Aug. ; 209. 

completorio, collatio in, I Mar. ; 201. 

concursus magnus populi, 24 Feb., 26 Apr.; 200, 203. 

continuare, 14 Ian. ; 119. 

Cordigeri dicunt boras, 30 Sept. ; 210. Cf. 'sermo.' 

crux sancta ostenditur in palacio, 30 Sept. ; 210. 

cursorie, 27 Ian., n Feb., 21 Mar., 30 Apr., i Oct., post i Nov., 8 Nov.; 199-213. 

cursus proclamantur, 30 Inn., 31 Dec. ; 206, 215. 

decreta et decretalia, 16 Ian. (cf. 29 Mai.), 30 lun., 22 Sept., 27 Sept., 6 Nov. ; 

199-212. 

decretis, reincipiunt in, 14 Ian. ; 199 ; bachalarii in, 9 Mar. ; 201. 
dedicatio ecclesiae S. Dionysii, 24 Feb. ; 200. 
dimittunt, 4 Mar. ; 201. 

Dionisio, in sancto, indulgentiae, 22 Apr.; 203. 
doctoralis sermo, 31 lul. (5 Aug., 25 Aug.), mense Aug.; 207, 209; non doctoratur, 

21 Mai. ; 204. 

doctores decretorum, 14 Ian. ; 199 ; doctores in decretis, 29 Mai., mense lun. ; 

205, 206. 

Esto mihi, Dominica in Quinquagesima, 13 Feb. ; 200. 
extraordinarie, le., 30 lun. ; 206. 

facultate, non le. in aliqua, i Ian., &c., i Feb.; 198-9. Cf. 'missa.' 
festive, 16 Ian., 21 Ian., 26 Ian., 5 Feb., 23 Apr., 28 Mai., 2 lul., 3 Sept., 15 Sept., 

22 Sept. ; 205-10. 

T 



274 IV - INDEX TO THE 

festum Alemanorum, 6 Ian. ; 198. 

Ambianensium, 13 Ian. ; 198. 

Anglicorum (nationis), ao Nov., 29 Dec. ; 213, 215. 

Burgundorum, 17 Ian.; 199. 

Franciae (nationis), 10 Ian. ; 198. 

Normannorum, 8 Dec.; 214. 

Picardorum, 6 Dec. ; 214. 

Rothomagensium, 23 Oct.; 211. 
Franciae, festum nationis, 10 Ian. ; 198. 
Gallico, sermo in, 29 Mar. ; 202. 

indulgentiae magnae, 24 Feb., 22 Apr., 26 Apr., 31 Mai.; 200-5. 

lacobitis, missa in, 26 Nov.; 213, Cf. ' sermo.' 

lovis albi dies, 27 Mar. ; 202. 

legentes de mane, 13 Sept. ; 210. 

legibili die, 19 Mar., 30 Inn., mense Oct., 15 Dec., 16 Dec.; aoi, 206, 212, 

214, 215. 

Lombardo, sermo in, 29 Mar. ; 202, 
magistri, mense lun. ; 206. 
Maturinum, Maturini, vide ' missa.' 
Minores, vide ' sermo.' 
miraculum ardentium, 26 Nov. ; 213. 
missa apud Bernardinos, 20 Aug. ; 208. 
missa communis, 3 Feb. ; 199. 
missa pro defunctis, 26 Nov. ; 213. 
missa facultatis, 9 Mai., 15 Aug., 8 Dec.; 204, 208, 214. 
missa in lacobitis, per Universitatem, 26 Nov.; 213. 
missa in Maturinis, 31 lul., 2 Nov. ; 207, 212. 
missa de miraculo ardentium, 26 Nov. ; 213. 
missa per Universitatem in Mathurino, a Nov., n Nov. ; 212. 
missa pro papa lohanne XXII, 26 Nov. ; 213. 
missa apud Praedicatores, pro animabus, 3 Feb. ; 199. 
missa apud Praedicatores, pro defunctis, 26 Nov. ; 213. 
missa de Rorate, 13 Dec. ; 214. 

de Spiritu Sancto, pro conservation studii, 7 Dec.; 214. 
missa pro statu Universitatis, 7 Dec. ; 214. 

nationes, vide ' Anglicorum,' ' Franciae." Cf. ' sermo,' ' festum.' 

Navarrense collegium, 25 Aug. ; 209 . 

Navarrensis bursa, 25 Aug. ; 209. 

non disputatur, 31 Ian., &c. ; 198 foil. 

non doctoratur, 2 1 Mai. ; 204. 

non legitur, 1-2 Ian., &c. ; 198 foil. 

nonis nostrae Dominae, 5 Ian., 8 Mai., 3 lun., 34 Nov., mense Dec. ; 198, 204-15. 

nonis sancti lacobi, 9 Mar. ; 201. 

Normannorum festum, 8 Dec. ; 214. 

obitus lo. Buridani, post n Oct.; an. 

anniversarium Mag. Gulielmi Antissiodorensis, 3 Nov. ; 212. 

vigiliae et anniversarium Mag. Robert! de Serbona, 11-12 Nov. ; 212-13. 
ordinarie legibili die, 19 Mar. ; 201. Cf. ' cursorie,' ' extraordinarie.' 

ordinarie non le., mense Feb., Mar., 17 Mai. (cf. n Oct., 15 Dec.); 200, 202, 204 

(211, 214). 

ordinarie reincipiunt, 8 Ian., n Oct., 6 Nov. ; 198, 211-13. 
ordinarie, resumuutur lectiones, 25 Aug. ; 209 ; cessatur a lectionibus ordinariis 

mense Dec. ; 215. 

ordinarium parvum, post 14 Sept. ; 210. 
Sapientia, 15 Dec., 16 Dec.; 214-15. 
secundum (viz. Adonay), 14 Dec. ; 314. 
palacinm, 30 Sept. ; 210. 
parochia sanctae Genovephae, 3 Ian.; 198. 
pascha florida, i Apr. ; 202. 
Picardorum festum, 6 Dec. ; 214. 
Praedicatores, vide ' sermo.' 
prandium, 17 Feb., 27 Mar. ; 200, 202. 



PARIS UNIVERSITY KALENDAR 275 

primae in ecclesia cathedral!, incipiunt pulsare pro primis, 4 Mar. ; aoi. 

processio, 31 lul., 2 Nov. ; 207, 209. 

procurations electio, 10 Mar., 5 Mai., 30 lun., 18 Nov.; 201, 206, 213 ; procura- 

toris continuatio, 7 Apr., 25 Aug., 21 Oct.; 203, 208, 211. 
pulsare incipinnt, 4 Mar. ; 201. 

Quasimodo geniti, Dominica in albis depositis, ad I Apr. ; 202. 
Quolibet, disputatur de, mense Mar. ; 202. 
rector debet sermocinare, I Nov. ; 212. 
rector novus, 19 Mar., 31 Mar., 22 Inn., 14 Oct., 16 Dec., mense Dec.; 201, 

206, 215. 

recuperatur, 4 Feb. ; 200. 
reincipiunt in decretis, 14 Ian. ; 199. 

reincipinnt ordinarie, 8 Ian. (cf. n Oct.), 6 Nov. ; 198, 211-12. 
resumuntur lectiones ordinarie, 25 Aug. ; 209. 
revelatio capitis sancti Ludovici, 31 Mar. ; 202. 
revelatio corporum sanctorum Dionysii, &c., 22 Apr. ; 203. 
reverentia beati Guillelmi Bituricensis, 9 Ian. ; 198 ; reverentiam Circumcisionis, 

propter, mense Dec. ; 215. 

rex consuevit ostendere sanctam crncem, 30 Sept.; 210. 
R 'orate, missa de, 13 Dec. ; 214. 
Kothomagensium festum, 23 Oct. ; 211. 
scolae sunt in parochia S. Genovephae, 3 Ian.; 198. 
Serbona, Roberti de, vigilia, u Nov. ; 212. 

anniversarium, 12 Nov. ; 213. 

sermo in Augustinensibus, n Ian., 28 Feb., 29 Mar., 28 Aug. ; 199, 202, 209. 

in Bemardinis, 20 Aug. ; 208. 

in bursa Navarrensi, 25 Aug., mense Aug., 209. 

in Carmelitis, 2 Feb., 15 Aug. ; 199, 208 ; apnd Carmelitas, 15 Aug. ; 208. 

in Cordigeris, 17 Feb., 27 Mar., 19 Aug., 4 Oct., 200-211. 

doctoralis, 31 lul., 5 Aug., 25 Aug. ; 207, 209 ; apud Praedicatores, mense 
Aug.; 209. 

in gallico, 29 Mar. ; 202. 

in lacobitis, 13 Feb., 7 Mar., 30 Apr., 5 Aug.; 200, 201, 208. 

in lombardo, 29 Mar. ; 202. 

magnus, 13 Feb., 2 Nov. ; 200, 212. 

in Minoribus, 8 Sept. ; 209. 

in Navarrensi collegio, 25 Aug. ; 209 ; in bursa Navarrensi, 25 Aug. ; 209. 

doctoralis apud Praedicatores, 5 Aug. ; 208. 

in theutonico, 29 Mar. ; 202. 

sermocinare debet rector ante magnum sermonem, 13 Feb., a Nov.; 200, 212. 

Spiritu Sancto, missa de, 7 Dec. ; 214. 

statu universitatis, missa pro, 7 Dec.; 214. 

Straminis, vide ' vicus.' 

studii conservatione, missa de Spiritn Sancto pro, 7 Dec. ; 214. 

supplicare solent Burgundi, 17 Ian.; 199. 

tertia hora ; non ultra tertiam, 9 Ian., I Feb., 30 Apr., 23 Inn., 31 Oct., 24 Nov., 

5 Dec., 24 Dec. ; 198-215. 
tertiis, legunt in, 9 Mar. ; 201. 
theologia, nee in decretis, non le., 3 Ian., 21 Mar. (cf. 24-25 Mai.), 13 lun., 

ii Aug. ; 198-208. 
Theutonico, sermo in, 29 Mar. ; 202. 
universitate, missa ab, 11-12 Nov.; 212. 
universitatem, missa per, 26 Nov. ; 213. 
universitatis, missa communis, 3 Feb. ; 199. 

vacationes (29 lun.), mense lun., 13 Sept., mense Dec.; 206, 210, 215. 
ver oritur, 22 Feb. ; 200. 
vicus Bruneld (Clos Bruneau), 5 Ian., 7 Ian., 17 Ian., 20 Ian., 3 Feb., 15 Mar., 

23 Mar., 26 Mar., 31 Mar., &c., 31 Dec. ; 198 ., 198-214. 
vicus Straminis (a!. Stramineus, Rue du Fouarre), 5 Ian., 8 Ian., 9 Ian., 15 Feb., 

19 Mar., &c., i Dec.; 198-214. 

vigilia, non dispntatur in, mense Ian. ; 199. Cf. mens. Apr. ; 203. 
Vocem iocunditatis, dominica v. post Pascha, ad 1 7 Mai. ; 204. 

T 2 



276 



V. INDEX 

TO THE REFERENCES IN THE 

FIFTEENTH-CENTURY PROCTOR'S KALENDAR 

IN THE 

UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE 

t In this index we mark with an obelus the date of a benefactor's actual decease, 
when it did not coincide with the date of his anniversary commemoration. 

*** See above, pp. 216-27. The references to names of saints, &c., in the 
Cambridge fifteenth-century kalendar will be found above in Index (pp. 257-64) 
distinguished by the letters Cam., where they are not found also in the ordinary 
kalendars. 

ob. A.D. 

" ' Adventus Domini, primo die veneris, I Dec. ; 227. 
Alienorae, vide ' Elianorae.' 

Ascensionem Domini, primo die post, le fes. ; 220. 
Ascensionem Domini, die veneris ante, 14 Mai. ; 220. 
1286. Balsham, Hugonis de, Episc. Eliensis, Domus S. Petri fundatoris, 

exequiae, 14 Tun.; 221. 

1494. Barow, Magistri [doctoris] archidiaconi Colcestr., eccl. B. Mariae bene- 

factoris, exequiae, 21 Aug. ; 223. {Vide apud Registrar., vol. i. 120.) 

1355. Bateman, domini Willelmi Norwicensis Episcopi, fundatoris cistae 

Trinitatis, exequiae, 24 Ian.; 216. Item 22 Mai. (infra octavas 

Trinitatis) ; 220. 

in aula Gnnvile, primo die veneris Adventus Domini (4 Dec.) ; 227. 
(He gave ^100 to found the ' Trinity Chest,' kept in the House of the 
Carmelites.) Cf. Statutes, i. 406. 

Beaufort, vide ' Thomae ' ; cf. ' Exeter.' 

benefactoribus, exequiae pro, in festo S. Katherinae, 25 Nov. ; 226. 
71309. Blida, al. Blythe (cista, x marc.), magistri Will, de, ?subdecani Ebor. 

(cum T. ducis Excestr. exeq.), exequiae, 23 Feb. ; 217. 
Botulpho, vide ' Sancto Botulpho.' 

?I339. Burgh. Elizabethae de, exequiae in Aula Clarensi, 10 Nov. ; 226. 
1432. Bylingforth, Magistri Ricardi, Coll. Corporis Christi magistri, exequiae, 
27 Feb.; 217. (He endowed a chest with 100 marcs. His chest is 
preserved in C. C. Coll., Cam.) Statutum Cistae, Registr. Drawer, 
i. 19. Incidit mentio de ' Cista de Billyngforth et Bowser,' No. 1544. 
Registrar., \. 137. 

cessabunt hie, sc. ubi cantatur antiphona Sapientia, 16 Dec. ; 227. 
cessatio, die veneris prox. ante dominicam Palmarum, 31 Mar. ; 218. 

6 Tul.; 222. 

collecta pro anima domini lohannis, 19 Mar. ; 218. 

congregatio magna, infra qnindenam post resumptionem, 22 Oct. ; 225. 

die veneris ante festum Simonis et ludae, sc. ante 28 Oct. ; 225. 
Corporis Christi, in crastino, le fes., die ueneris; 220. 

Derlunton, Magistri lo. de, exequiae, 6 Mar.; 218. (The Abp. of 
Dublin of this name died in 1284.) 



V. INDEX TO CAMBRIDGE REFERENCES 277 

[1153.] Ebor, Willelmi archiepiscopi, 8 lun. ; 221. (Canonized in 1236.) 
1377. Edward i de Carnarvon, fundatoris Aulae Regiae, regis Angliae, exequiae, 

5 Mai. (f 21 Ion.) ; 220. 

1290. Elianorae reginae (cista, cum C. Marcis), exeqniae, 28 Nov.; 226. 
1325. Ely, al. Hely, lohannis de, episcopi Norwicensis, exequiae, 22 lun. 

(f 6 lul.) ; 221. (Qui dedit c. marcas.) 
Excestria, Exeter, de ; vide ' Thomae.' 
generalis processio, die veneris ante Passionem Domini, 23 Mar. ; 218. 

die veneris ante Ascensionem Domini, 14 Mai. ; 220. 

primo die veneris Adventus Domini, i Dec. ; 227. 

? 1380. Gotham, al. Gootham, Magistri Will, de (Cancellarii), Domus Sancti 

Michaelis Magistri, exequiae, I Mar.; 218. 
Hely, vide ' Ely.' 

1471. Henrici VI domini regis Angliae, exequiae apud ecclesiam B. Mariae, 
cum omnibus [ ] 9 Mai. ; 220. 

exequiae, apud Regale Collegium, 8 Mai. ; 220. 

missa, 10 Mai. ; 220. 

1509. Henrico VII rege, de. Liber de fundatione exequiarum pro Rege Henr. 

Septimo, Mar. 1506, apud Registrar, in pixide 3, ob. 21 Apr. 1509. 
1547. Henrico VIII rege, missa de S. Spiritu, pro, 8 Oct. (f 28 Ian., 1547) ; 225. 
1424-5. Holme, Magistri Ricardi, Aulae Regiae custodis, exequiae, 19-20 Mar.; 
218. (Qui amplificavit bibliothecam academicam. Testamentum eius 
typis mandatum est per Soc. Surtesianam. Vide insuper apnd 
Registrar., vol. i. 91. Item, Drawer, i. 17.) 
lohannis, domini, collecta pro anima, 19 Mar.; 218. 
Katerinae, in festo sanctae, exequiae pro benefactoribus, 25 Nov. ; 226. 
1324. Loffenham, domini Robert! de, exequiae ad ecclesiam S. Petri, 16 Mar. 

(f 23 lun.); 218. 

1354. Lyng, Magistri Ricardi, cancellarii acad., exequiae, 4 Feb.; 217. 
magna congregatio, die veneris ante 28 Oct.; 22, 28 Oct.; 225. 
missa (? pro rege Henrico VI) 10 Mai. ; 220. 

de Sancto Spiritu, pro rege Henrico VIII, 8 Oct. ; 225. 

de Trinitate, 8 Mai., 6 lul. ; 220, 222. Cf. ' Sancto Botulpbo,' 
' Bateman.' 

1421. Mor, domini Thomae, ex aula Pembrochiana, eccl. S. Pauli Lond. 

decani, exeqniae, 22 Nov. ; 226. 
c. 1345. Neel, Walteri, civis London, (cum exequiis I. Whithorne), exequiae, 21 

Ian.; 216. 

Norwicensis Episcopi, vide ' Bateman,' ' Hely.' 
O Sapientia, hie cessabunt, 16 Dec. ; 227. 

Palmarum, die veneris prox. ante dominicam, cessatio, 31 Mar. ; 218. 
Passionem Domini, die veneris ante, generalis processio, 23 Mar.; 218. 
Paulo, vide ' Sancto Paulo.' 
1421. Preston, lohannis, ex aula Pembrochiana, cum exequiis, dom. T. Mor, 

exequiae, 22 Nov.; 226. 
processio, vide ' generalis processio.' 
Quasimodo geniti (Dom. in albis depositis), feria iv. post dominicam, 

resumptio, 9 Apr. ; 219. 

1519. Reed, domini [Roberti] militis, exequiae, 19 Ian.; 216. 
reginae cista, ' the Queen's chest ' ; cf. ' Elianorae.' 
(Reliqniarum festum, 15 Sept. [vide cod. MS. Gonv. Cai. 141] ; 224 .) 
resumptio, feria iv. post dominicam ' Quasimodo geniti,' 9 Apr.; 219. 
resumptio magistrorum, 10 Oct. ; 225. 

1485. Ricardi regis III, 21, 22 Aug. (Cf. Statutes, i. 407.) 

c. 1 315. Robery, al. Roubury, domini Gilbert! de, exequiae ad ecclesiam S. Michaelis 
(post conventum regentium in Domo S. Petri), cum collecta pro 
anima domini lohannis, 19 Mar. ; 218. (Vide Statutes, i. 406.) 
1500. Rotheram, Thomae, Lincolniensis episcopi, obitus, 29 Mai. (Vide 

Statutes, i. 414, sub anno 1475.) 

Sancto Botulpho, Magistro Thoma de, missa pro, 14 Ian. ; 216. 
c. 1376. Sancto Paulo, dominae Mariae de Valence, fundatricis Aulae Pembro- 
chianae, exequiae, 10 lun. ; 221. 



278 V. INDEX TO CAMBRIDGE REFERENCES 

Sancto Spiritu, missa de (pro rege Henr. VIII), 8 Oct. ; 225. 
Simonis et ludae, apostolorum, die veneris ante festum sanctomm (sc. 
ante 28 Oct.), magna congregatio; 335. 

1337. Staunton, domini Hervei (Heruici), exequiae, 5 Nov. ; 226. 

1426. Thomae [de Beaufort] ducis Excestriae (fundatoris Cistae de Exeter), 

cum exequiis T. de Blida, exequiae, 23 Feb. (\ 29 Dec.) 5217. 
1398. Thorp, domini Will., militis, qni aedificavit Novum sacellum et scholas 
theologicas, . . . remissione decimarum et primorum fructuum, exequiae, 
6 Mai.; 220. (Aedificatio scholarum inaugurata fuit per dominum 
Rob. de Thorpe, Aulae Pembr. magistrum, 1347-64, cancellarium 
Angliae, 1431-2, fratrem eiusdem.) 

Thorp, al. Torpe, dominae Graciae, exequiae, 19 Nov. ; 226. 
Trinitate, missa de, 8 Mai., 6 lul. ; 220, 222. 
Trinitatis, infra octavam, 22 Mai. ; 220. 
Trinitatis cista (c. librarum) ; vide ' Bateman.' 

I 3 2 3- Valence, Eymer (Audomari, al. Adomari) de, exequiae 10 lun. ; 221. 
(c. 1376.) dominae Mariae, vide ' Sancto Paulo.' 
c. 1345. Whitborn, Whithorne, domini lohannis, rectoris de Halstede vel Hoisted, 

cum exequiis Neel, exequiae, 21 Ian. ; 216. 
(^SSO Willelmi Norwicensis Episcopi, vide ' Bateman.' 

1404. Wykeham, al. Wicham, Willelmi, Wintoniensis episcopi, exequiae, 
u-12 Oct. (f 27 Sept.) ; 225. 

1338. Wynwyk, Roberto, Domus S. Petri magistro, memoria de, in exequiis 

W. da Blida. Cf. Statutes, i. 405. 

%* In this Cambridge Proctor's Kalendar no mention is made of certain other 
chests, named by T. Fuller, viz. J. de Blondel, rector of Clifton's, Abp. 
T. Bourchier's gift (100 /. f 1486), Hugh Fen's chest, and St. John's chest. 



279 



VI. SUPPLEMENTARY INDEX OF 
SAINTS, ETC. 

(From the non-academical portion of the fourteenth-century 
Kalendar, T. [Trin. Coll. Camb. MS., R. 14. 29], pp. xiii-xxv.) 

Adriani, M. [Nicomediae], 8 Sep. aestas oritur, 26 Mai. Albini, M., 22 
lun. Albini [Ep. Andegav.], C., i Mar., p. xvi (cf. Cam. p. 218). Alexandra, 
M., 25 Feb. [?/. 26]. Amandi, 20 Sep. Amanti [? Argentorat. vel Wormat.], 
Ep. C., transl., 26 Oct. Amati, Ep. C., 19 Oct. [? Sens vel Aime" de Sion en 
Valais.]. Ambrosii, Ep., ordinatio, 7 Dec. Anastasiae, V., 25 Dec. 
AN(C)TONII, C., 6 Inn. ' Andreae festo vtcinior' (mense Nov.), p. xxiv. 
Aniani, Ep. [Aurelian.] C., 17 Nov. Antonini, M. [Apamiae], 2 Sep. 
Arsenii, Ep. [?diac. eremitae], 19 lul. Ascensio Domini, 30 Mar. autumnns 
oritur, 21 Aug. Auiti, Presb. [Aurelianensis, al. de Micy, St. Mesmin, aL 
Chateaudun], 17 lun. 

Baldelii (Baudile), M. [patron de Neuilly], 20 Mai. Barbarae, V. [M. in Tuscia] 
f- 16 Dec. al. 14 Mai., v. 4 Dec. [Boris, J. de, cordewenar apud Caudebec, 
5 lun.] Bonifacii, M. [apud Tarsum], 14 Mai. Brioci, Ep. C., i Mai. 
[St. Brieuc.] 

Caii, papae M. ; -vide ' Gaii.' Caprasii [Agenni], M., 20 Oct. Casti, M., 
cum Felice et Victore, 3 Oct. [Caudebec, la mostre en, 5 lun.] Chrysanthi, 
Mauri et Darii, i Dec. [at. 35 Oct.] Clari, Ep. [al. Monachi, M.], 18 lul. 
Cleti [papae], M., 25 Apr. [al. 26.]. Columbani, Abb. [Bobiensis ; Lexovien.], 
commemoratio, 21 Nov. 

Darii, cum Chrysantho et Mauro, I Dec. dedicatio ecclesiae S. Saluatoris, 
19 Aug. [?Dinan, Sarlat, vel Vabres.]. diuisio apostolorum, 15 lul. Doli, 
cum Alexandro, Euentio et Theodulio, 3 Mai. Dominici, B., transl., 25 Mai. 
t [Bononiae, 24 Mai.] 

Effrem [Edessensis], C., 9 lul. equinoctium, 21 Mar. et 20 Sep. Eucardi, 
(?Enerardi) Ep. tur. (? Tornacensis) iii., 28 Sep. Eufemiae [Chalcedonensis], 
V., 13 Apr., et 16 Sep. Eugeniae, V. M., 16 Mai. Eutropii, Ep. 
[Sanctonensis, ? M.], 30 Apr. Evurtii, Ep. [Aurelianensis], 7 Sep. 

Felicis et Naboris, MM. [Mediolani], 12 lul. Felicis, Victoris et Casti, MM., 
3 Oct. Flauiacae [? Antissiodorensis], V., 5 Oct. Focaci, Ep. M. [Sinope], 
14 lul. (i. e. Phocae.). 

Gaii, papae M., cum Sotere, 22 Apr. Galli, Ep. [August odun.], 20 Feb. 
Genesii, M. [Rom., item Aurel.], 25 Aug. [GERUASII ET PROTASII, 19 lun. 
Geruasii et Protasii [Mediolani et Suession.], 13 Dec. t [al. 19 lun.] 
GUILL[EIM]I, EP. [Briocensis] C., 29 lul. [?Pichon.] - Guillermi, Ep. C., 
26 Ian. - Gurgali, Ep. [S. Malo], 7 (al. 6) lun. 

l Hic precedunt sedulae patulae' (mense Ian.), p. xiv. hiems oritur, 7 Nov. 
Hilarionis monachi, 2 1 Oct. Hubmti, Ep. [Tugrensis, al. Traiect. et Leodien.] 
C., 3 Nov. Humberti, Ep. C., 6 Sep. 



2 8o VI. SUPPLEMENTARY INDEX OF SAINTS, ETC. 

Ignatii, Ep. transl. [?Antiochiae], 17 Dec. initium praedicationis Christi, 

2 Mai. 
luliani, M., cum Maximiano, 7 Ian. lustini, presb., 4 Aug. [Montreuil] 

lustiniani [Lemouiacensis], Ep., 16 Inl. 

Killiani, M. [Wurzburg.], 8 ltd. 

Launomari [Carnotensis], Abb., 19 Ian. Leonard!, Abb. [de Vandoeuvre], 
15 Oct. Leonis, 14 Mar. Leonis [I. papae], n Apr. Leueredi (Leutfried), 
Abb., 21 lun. Liphardi [Aurelianen.], presb., 3 lun. [de Meun], Liuini, 
Ep. [de Overissel] M., 12 Nov. [in portu Gandensi.]. 

Marci, Ep., n Mai. Marcellionis, Ep. C., 22 Oct. Mariae ad niues, 12 Mai. 
f [a/. 5 Aug.] Martini, Epi. tercii [Turonensis], n Nov. Martini, Abb. 
[Vertuni], 24 Oct. Mauri [Veronensis], M., 21 Nov. Mauri et Darii, cum 
Chrysantho, MM., i Dec. Maximi, Ep. C., 28 Nov. Maximiani et luliani, 
MM., 7 Jan. Maximini, Ep. [Treuirensis], 29 Mai. Maximini, Ep. [abb. 
de Micy], 15 Dec. Melani [Ep. Rhedonensis], 6 Jan. Mellionis, Ep. C., 
22 Oct. [? Melanii, al. Melloni, Ep. Rotomagen.]. 

Naboris, M., cum Felice [Mediolani], 12 Inl. Nicasii, Ep. [Rhemensis], 
14 Dec. niues, Mariae ad, 13 Mai. [al. 5 Aug.]. 

Odonis [Clnniacensis], Abb., 19 Nov. [al. 18 Nov., Turon., &c.] 

pasca, 2 Apr., p. xiii. Pauli[ni] 1 , Epi. natale, 10 Oct. penthecostes, 8 lun. 
p. xiii. [PETRI, M. DE ORDINE PRAEDICATORUM, 29 Apr. A.D. 1252.] 
Phocae, Ep. M., vide ' Focaci.' Prisci, M. [in Africa], i Sep. Protasii, cum 
Geruasio, MM., 13 Dec. f 

' Quaere nouam lunam ' (mense Dec.), p. xxv. ' Quarto (? Quattuor) et peca 
duo, monos' (mense Martio), p. xvi. 'Quinque bis, inde dyas,' ibid. 

relatio lesu de Egypto, n Ian. [al. 7 Ian.] Remacli [Traiecten.], Ep. C., 
3 Sep. Remigii, cum Hilario [Rhemensis], Ep., 13 Ian. REMIGII (Rhe- 
mensis) GEMINIANI VEDASTI, Epp., i Oct. ' Res est in nemore* (mense 
Octob., p. xxiii. Rictudis, V., 27 Oct. (al. 12 Mai.). Roberti, Abb. 
[Cistercien. in monast. Molesmensi], 29 Apr. Rufi (al. Rufini) et Valerii, 
MM. [Snessione], 14 lun. 

Sabinae (? Sabini, Ep. Catanensis), 15 Oct. Sauini, Ep. C., 17 Feb. 
Saluatoris sancti, dedicatio ecclesiae, 19 Aug. Seruatii, Ep. [Tungrensis ; 
f Traiecti], 13 Mai. 'Si paribus, vel disparibus constant elementis' (mense 
Feb.), p. xv. Si pluat in festo Processi' (mense lulio), p. xx. Soceris 
(Soteris), et Gaii paparum MM., 22 Apr. Solstitium, 20 lun. [et 22 Dec.] 
Symeonis [stylitae monachi], C., 5 Ian. Symeonis, Ep. [Hierosol.] M., 18 
Feb. 

Urbani, papae, 26 f Mai. [al. 25 Mai.] 

Valerii, cum Rufo [Suessione], MM., 14 lun. Vedasti (Vaast) Ep. [Atrebatensis 
et Cameracensis] cum Amando Ep. Traiectensi, 6 Feb. Victoris et Casti, cum 
Felice, 3 Oct. Victoris, cum Victorino, MM., 24 Feb. [al. 25 Feb.] 
Victorini et Victoris, MM., 24 Feb. [al. 25 Feb.] 

Willebrordi [Traiectensis], Ep., 7 Nov. Willelmi, vide ' Guillelmi.' 

1 'Natal* pauli episcopi,' 10 Oct. The name 'Paul' appears not to have 
belonged to the Bishop of any French see between Paul of Carpentras, A. D. 664, 
and Paul of Nlmes in 1342, who was never enthroned. But St Paulinus of York, 
and St. Paulinus of Capua, are both commemorated on Oct. loth. 



28l 



VII. GENERAL INDEX 



N.B. Only a few names of Saints, Holy Days, &c. are included (for special 

reasons) in this General Index. 

An Index of Saints, &c., will be found on pp. 257-64 ; cf. pp. 279-80. 
An Index to the Paris University Kalendar on pp. 273-5. 
An Index to the Cambridge University Kalendar on pp. 276-8. 

(A few references, peculiar to Paris or Cambridge, are admitted also into this 
present General Index, and are marked ' Par. 1 or ' Cam' respectively.) 



Aachen, Council of ('Concilium Aquis- 

granense'), 151. 
Abbo Floriacensis, 136. 
' A. B. C. sunt extra,' 179; cf. 155. 
Aberdeen University, 28. 
accenditur luna, xiv. 
act, at Oxford, the, 15, 65. 
' A-dam de-ge-l>at,' 4, 120, 164. 
'Ad convocationem' 64. 
Adelardus, 136. 

admission of questionists, Cam., 29. 
admission to regency, 15. 
' Ad oppositum] Cam., 30. 
aeger dies, xiv-xxv. 
aestatis initium (May 9), 204. 
aetas lunae, 170. 
'After bran. pen. cro. lucy,' 189. 
Agnetis, V., secund6, 118. 
' Agnus Dei,' 68 n., Son., 247-8. 
Albericus, 136. 
Albumazar, 254. 
Aldrich, Dr. H., Dean of Christ 

Church, i. 
Alexander de Villa Dei, 33, 109 n., 114, 

i3 6 , 144, 252. 
Alfred (Aluredus rex), 59. 
Algor rex, 249. 
algorismus, algorismus compnti, 18, 33, 

109 n., 113, 137, 139, 141, 142, 146, 

148, 249, 251 ; de integris, 252. 
Alington, Ro., 108. 
All Souls' Day, 16, 43 n. 
' Almanach Ephemerides,' xxvii-xxix, 3, 

157, 186, 188, 193-4. 
almanac ; see ' Ephemeris,' ' Profacius,' 

' Rede,' ' Somur.' 
almanac-makers, 1 3 ., 66 n. 
almanacs, prices of, 31, 32. 
alma universitas, 58. 
'almons,' potation of, Cam., 30. 
Alphonsius, 145. 



'Alta domat Domtnus,' 180. 

'Altior incubuit,' 115. 

' Andreae festo vicinior,' 143. 

angaria, 173, 189*2. 

Anianus magister, no, 113-16, 135, 

137- 

Anne Boleyn, 58. 
Anne, Saint, 41. 
'Annas partiri' 47. 
'Annum discerne' 173. 
Anstey, Rev. H., vi, vii, 9, 12 ., 26-7. 
Antony of Padua, Saint, 104. 
'A Pente, distat Adventus,' 172, 188. 
' Arbor Numeralis,' 253. 
ardentium, miraculum, Par., 213. 
Aristotle's Ethics, 27, 33 ; Politics, Ani- 

malia, De progressu, 33. 
ars computi manualis, 119, 137. 
ars kalendarii, 137, 144, 251. 
ars tabularis, 33 ; doctrinalis, 253. 
'Ascendens Jesus lerosolymam,' 19. 
ascenditur, i. e. accenditur, xiv . 
Assumption of B. V. Mary, feast of the, 

xxi, 15. 
astrolabe, 13. 
'At Z)over dwells,' 180. 
Attyslow, Dr. E., 66. 
Audley, Edm., Bp. of Salisbury, 58. 
Au-gurio(r) dt-ces (al. ' de-ties'), 173, 

191. 

Augustine, Saint, 152, 250. 
' auptomnus t oritur,' xxi. 
'Aureus in lano,' 252-3. 
aureus numerus, 5, 134, 167, 184. 
auricularis digitus, the 4th finger, 133. 
authorities for the text of the Oxford 

Kalendar, 20. 
Aylmer, J., LL.D., 22. 

Baby las, 118. 

bachilarios, non le per, Par., 214. 



282 



VII. GENERAL INDEX 



Bacon, Roger, 137, 142. 

Baker, T., socius eiectus Coll. D. Io., 

Cam., 134. 

Baldwinus de Marrochio, 137. 
Barbara, V. M., i68. 
Barnes, Bernys, Cam., 119, 138, 353. 
' Bartholomew, Brings the cold dew,' 188. 
Bartlett, Dr., 66. 
Batildis, Queen, 118. 
Bayne, Rev. T. Vere, vii, 245. 
beads, bidding the, 58, 59. 
Beaufort, H., cardinal, 22, 59, 61, 245. 
Beaufort, lady Margaret, 59. 
Beaufort, T., duke of Exeter, 60. 
Beda venerabilis, 137-8, 150, 253-4. 

See 'manus.' 

Bede, the pseudo-, 118, 137-8. 
bedel, bedell, 26, 64. 
bedell, Cam., 29, 30, 31, 181. 
bedellus, Par., 200, 212. 
bedel's book, 42-66. 
bedel's kalendar, 45-57. 
Bedel, Reginald le, xviii, ai, 61, 245. 
bedes, bidding the, 58, 59. 
Bedford's Tables, 253. 
beer, Cam., 30. 

beianorum privilegium, Par,, 200, 212. 
bell, University, Cam., 30, 31. 
bell-ringer, 65 n. ; Cam., 31. 
Belly, Dr. J., provost of Oriel, 66. 
' ben.' St. Benedict Biscop, 248. 
benedictio aquae, 38-9. 
Benedictus monachus, 138. 
Benedyctys Order, Cam., 29 n. 
benefactors, 58, 59, 62, 246 ; missa pro 

benefactoribus, 78; Cam., 226. 
' Benefundatum,' W. Chubbes' Logic, 

248. 

Benet, Walter, proctor, 100. 
beny, to, 65. 

Berkley (?Bartlet), Dr. H., 66*. 
Bernardinos, missa apud, Par., 208. 
Bernys, Cam., 119, 138. 
Bertelin, or Bettelin, St., 104. 
bibliam legentes biblice, 196 ; Par., 201. 
bibliotheca Magistri Bodley, 100. 
Bindonus, F. (typogr.), 6 n. 
birch rod, 110-12. 
Bishops Cannings, pew at, 6 ., 244. 
bissextile, 162, 171, 177, 194, 250. 
Blackball, in Oxford, 245. 
Blanche, Queen, 37. 
'Bla-, Si-nns,' 170, 184. 
Blaunpayn, Mich., 196, 255-6. 
Bliss, Dr. Philip, i n. 
boar's head, 16. 
Bodleian library curators, 16. 
Bodleian library opening, 100, loi ; 

visitation, 16. 

Bodley, Sir T., 100 ; his ' chest,' 271. 
Boethii Musica, 109 . ; topica, 33 ; 

Arithmetica, 252. 



Bofis, J. de, cordwainer at Caudebec, 

xix. 

Bologna University, 28. 
' Bona nova' Cam., 31. 
Bonae Spei Trecensis, Nic., 117, 138. 
Bonitus Claremontensis, 118. 
' bonnes' (buns), Cam., 30. 
Booker, J., 2. 
Boswell, Ro. and J., 244. 
Botnlph, S., 104, 254. 
Bowes, Mr. Ro., I3. 
Bradshaw Society, Henry, 6. 
Bragi tabulae, 253. 
bran, brandones, torches, 156, 189, 

193 n. 

Brandanus, monachus, 138. 
Bredun, Simon, 138, 144, 147. 
Breviarium ad usum Sarum, 134. 
Bridfrith, Brightfert, of Ramsbury, 249. 
Brittany, Saints of, 20 n. 
Brom, Adam de, provost of Oriel, 41. 
brucus,bruchus,the 8th Plague of Egypt, 

the locust; cf. Ps. civ, ver. 34, 191. 
Brunelli vicus, ' Clos Bruneau,' Paris, 

198. 
Bulaeus, Caesar Egasse Du Boulay, 

27 n., 181, 256. 
buns, Cam., 30* 
burgenses tenentur offerre, 24, 26, 60, 

(69), 82, 83 ; nota, contra burgenses, 

in compositione, 82 n. 
Burghersh, H., Bp. of Lincoln, 42. 
Burgo, J. de, 255 . 
Byckle, T., 146. 

Caius (Gonville and) College, Cam- 
bridge, 38, 227. 

calendar, see ' kalendar.' 

Calixtus, Saint, ngn. 

' Cam-bit e-dens gri-fo,' 6, 133, 162. 

Cambridge University, 23, 35 ; Marian 
visitation at, 29. 

St. Mary's Church, 2 20. 

St. Michael's, 218. 

St. Peter's Church, 218. 
Cambridge, Clare Hall, 226. 

Divinity Schools and New Chapel, 
220. 

Gonville Hall, 227. 

King's College, 220. 
Cambridge ' Computus Manualis,' 139. 
Cambridge Kalendars, 2, 36, 37 ; from 

proctor's book, 216-30. 

Univ. Almanac, a. 

Univ. Kalendar, I . 
Cambridge ' Liber Sophistarum,' 107-8. 
Cambridge tables, 139, 143, 253. 
Campanus, 138, 250, 254. 
cancellarius licentiat absentes, 68. 
Cantabrigienses tabulae, 139, 143. 
Cantabrigiensium, computus mannalis 

in usum, 139, 253. 



VII. GENERAL INDEX 



283 



Cantabrigiensium Liber Sophistarum in 

nsum, 107-8 ; Sophismata, 248. 
Canterbury, Convocation of, 104-5. 
Canterbury libraries, 109 n. 
capella regia, Par., 205, 210. 
Capon (or Salcote), Bp. of Salisbury, 

ir. 

{ carismata dya,' 173, 189. 
carnisprivii dies, Ash Wednesday, Par., 

200. 

Carolus Magnus, 118. 
Carpenter, J., Bp., 42. 
Caseus Wesaliensis, J. (typogr.), 113. 
Cathedralis ecclesia, Par., 201. 
Cat Street, 246. 
Caudebec, vi, xix, xxix. 
eel la tricesima prima, 147. 
Celtis, Conrad, 112. 
Celtone, see ' Shelton.' 
cessabunt hie, 227. 
cessatio, 19, 21, 23, 24, 35, 37, 74., 

77, 79., 84, 85, 88, 89, 92, 93, 102, 

103, 167, 254-6; Par., 215, 256; 

Cam., 218, 222. 
cessatio determinatorum, 61. 
magistrorum, 61, 63. 
cessatur a lectionibus ordinarie, Par., 

215. 

chair, the doctor's, Cam., 31. 
chancellor, prayers for, 58. 
Chancellor's Book, the, 9, 11-12. 
chaplain of the University, 62. 
Charlemagne's capitula, 151; cf. 118. 
'Charles I, K. and M.,' 14, 16; his 

copy of the Oxford Statutes, 16. 
Charleton, Cherleton, Humphrey, 22, 

63, 246. 

Charleton, Levris, Bp., 22, 63, 246. 
Chatelain, Emile, vii, 197 . 
Chaucer, Chawcer, Geoffrey, 13 ; Lewis, 

13- 

Cherleton, see ' Charleton. 

chest, cist a, 21 n., 22, 23, 24, 60-3, 

246. See index, pp. 271-2 ; ' Exeter,' 

Cam., p. 278. 

Chichele, H., Abp., 22, 247. 
Chichester, 145. 

Christ Church, sermon at, 15, 1 6. 
ciclus, see ' cyclus.' 
cinerum dies, Par., 200. 
' Circumcisus, Adam,' 250-1. 
' Ci-si-o Sa-nus,' 4, 5, 116-18, 120, 121, 

137, 156, 166-8, 180-3, 2 49> 253-4. 
cista, see ' chest.' 
Clare Hall, Cam., 226. 
Clark, Rev. Dr. Andrew, 13 n., 254. 
Clark, Dr. Edwin C., vii, in. 
Clark, Dr. J. Willis, 2 n. 
claves, 171, 187, 255. 
' C. naturam dat F. B.? 6 n. 
colera, 51. 
colet, collet, cumulatio, 64, 65. 



collatio, Par., 200, 203. 

collecta, 99 n. 

' collections,' 37 n. 

commencement day, Cam., 31. 

commissary, 64. 

Commissary's Book, see ' Chancellor's 

Book.' 
communis missa universitatis, Par., 

199. 
' compones,' ' componens,' ' componnes,' 

141. 

'compost,' ' compot,' 149, 151, 154. 
' compotatio,' computation, 136, 140, 

IS*- 

compotum iactandi modus, 135. 

compotus, see ' computus.' 

' Compotus est scientia,' 249-51. 

' compounde manuell,' 149, 155, 250. 

compounders, 65. 

computus anni, 138. 

computus chirometralis, 144. 

compntus de septem astris, 139. 

computus digitalis, 250. 

computus ecclesiasticus, 139-43, 146. 

1 Computus est talis,' 115, 135, 153, 

161. 
compntus manualis, vi, 4, 6, 18, 33, 34, 

249> 2 53- 

printed editions of it, 113, 249. 
Computus manualis Cantabrigiensium, 

"9, 1 39 253- 
Computus manualis in usum Oxonien- 

sium, v, vi, 20, 107-75 (notes on, 

176-94, 249-54), 149, 150, 158-75. 
Computus manualis secundum usum 

Sarum, 249. 
computus parvus, 135, I53., 250 ; cf. 

' compostus minor,' 151. 
computus paschalis, 140. 
computus versificatus, 139, 249. 
conclusions, Cam., 31. 
concurrenter, 81. 

concurrentes, 39, 144, 163, 177-8. 
concursus magnus populi, Par., 200, 

203. 

congregatio magna, Cam., 31, 225. 
congregationis, dies, 247. 
conjunctions and oppositions, 3. 
conservatione studii, missa pro, Par., 

214. 

Constabularius, 140. 
Constantine, Dr. W., 66, 66 n. 
Constantinensis, J., 140, 143. 
' Continuamus disputationem,' (' Nos '), 

Cam., 31. 

continuare, Par., 119. 
contra tabula, 140. 
contubemium cardinalium, 58. 
Convocation of Canterbury, 104-5. 
convocation house, 15. 
Corpus Christi festival, 15, 205. 
' Corpus Statutorum,' 16. 



284 



VII. GENERAL INDEX 



Cowper, T., 2. 

Cranmer, T., abp., n. 

'Credo in unum,' 247. 

cro.= Crucis Sanctae Inventio, 156. 

Cross, ' sir ' Matthew, 65. 

Crossfield, T., Queen's Coll., 17. 

crux sancta ostendituc in palatio, Par., 

210. 

cullet, colet, cumulatio, 65. 
' Cum in unaquaque sciential,' 248. 
' Cum nalus esset Sesus,' 19. 
cumulatio (' collet '), 65. 
cumulus anni instantis, 64 ; cf. 65. 
' Curfles has lacrimasj 186. 
cursorie, 27, 181 ; Par., 199-213. 
cursus proclamantur, Par., 206, 215. 
Curtis, Tables by, 253. 
custodes cistarum, 24. 
Cuthbert, Saint, 39, 40. 
Cuts, Cutt, T. and C., 244. 
cycle, cyclus Solaris et lunaris, 32, 114, 

'37> 4ii i7- 
' Cyclus Praelectorum,' 17. 
Cyri, 118. 
Cyrillus Alexandrinus, 140. 

IB = dies malus (cf. Breviarium ad 
usum Sarum, in Kalendar), xiv, xvii, 
56. 

Dacia (al. Dacita), P. de, 140, 145. 

' Dant centum gentos f,' 1 73 ; cf. 183. 

' Dant crux, Lucia,' 173 ; cf. 189. 

Danvers, Joan, 22, 56, 59, 63, 78., 

IOO-I. 

Danvers, John, 59. 

Darrell, G. (All Souls), 19, 35. 

' Dat Clemens hiememj 189. 

' ~Dat f 'lores anni,' 6, 133-4, 162. 

days, unlucky; dies mali (malae), sive 

Aegyptiaci, dies aegri, xxi, 1 73, 190-1; 

cf. xiv-xxv, 1 86. 
deacon and subdeacon, mass with, 68 n., 

73, 80-2, 83 n., 88, 89, 100, 101, 248. 
Deavill' porte, W., 61. 
decreta et decretalia, Par., 192-212 ; 

decrees of the holy Fathers, Cam., 

29 n. 
Dedicacio ecclesie S. Saluatoris(i 9 Aug.). 

Perhaps of Vabres, Dinan, Sarlat, or 

Marseilles, xxi, xxxi ; S. Mariae, 74. 
Dedicatio ecclesiae, 10, 41 ; dedication 

of St. Mary's Eton, ? College Chapel 

(cir. 1443-7), or Parish Church, 221 . 
Dee, Dr. J., 139, 254. 
defunctis, missa pro, Par., 213. 
' De geste ne voil,' 144 ; cf. 140. 
De la Barre, N. (typogr.), 113. 
' De laude, virtute, et efficatia psalmo- 

rum,' 42. 

Delisle, Leopold, vii, 197. 
Denham, Deynman, T., 254. 
Denifle, H., vii, 197. 



' De profundis ' (Ps. cxxx = cxxix), 59. 
deps = decem et septem, 167, 183. 
'De remediis peccatorum,' 152. 
Desmarnes, Paris (typogr.), 113. 
determination, 14; determinatores, 6l. 
determiners, Cam., 30, 31. 
Dextera nam Domini, 152. 
diacono et subdiacono, missa cum, 68 ., 

73> 80-3 ., 88, 89, 100, 101. 
diagrams of hands, golden numbers, &c., 

5-8, 113 ., 114,115, 133-4- 
' dialect,' questions of, Cam. , 30. 
dies aegri, dies Aegyptiaci, xiv-xxv, 

xxviii, xxix, 173, 190, 191 ; cf. 186. 
digiti ordo, 248 ; digitalis computus, 

250. 

'din' = novemdecim, 169, 170, 185. 
diocesanus noster, 58. 
Dionysius Abbas, 109 . 
Dionysius Exiguus, 138, 140, 141, 253. 
Directorium Sacerdotum, the Salisbury 

Pye, or ' pica ' (q.v.), 135. 
dirge, ' Dirige, Doming,' 18, 26, 39,61, 

62, 68, 70, 72, 78, 80, 81, 243 ., 

245-6; Cam., 31. 
discantura, 109 n. 
' displicinae,' 186, 256. 
dissertation and disputation, 28 n. 
disses, 28., 30, 180. 
divinity, charges for B.D., 65 ; Divinity 

Schools, Cam., 30, 31, 220. 
doc.= octodecim, 183. 
doctoralis sermo, Par., 207. 
doctoratur, non, Par., 204. 
doctors, Cam., 31. 

Dominic, Translation of St., 105, 183. 
Dominican doctors, 37 ; cf. ' Praedica- 

tores.' 
Dome, J., Dutch bookseller at Oxford, 

3*i 15- 
Dove, J., I3. 
Dover Priory library, 109 . 
due, dud =duodecim, 167, 183. 
Dudley, Dr. Ri., 42. 
Duncan, Dunkan, Dunkam, 22, 86-7. 
Durandi, Gul., ' Rationale Divinonun,' 

xxviiw., 152. 
Durham Kalendar, 254. 
dysses, 28, 30, 180. 



Edington, W., Bp., 22, 60. 
Edmund Rich, Abp. C., 21 . 
Edward, K. and C., 118. 
Edward III, K., 22, 41, 60, 63. 
Effingham, Walter Neal, lord of, 22, 23, 

60. 

Egbert's Penitential, 152. 
Egg Saturday, 14. 
Egidius de Vallecenis, 136. 
Egyptian days, hours, and plagues, xxvii, 

39, 68*., 173, 190, 254. 



VII. GENERAL INDEX 



285 



Ela Longespe"e, countess of Salisbury, 

21, 63. 

Ela Longespee, countess of Warwick, 

xv, xxiv, 59, 60, 63. 
Eleanor of Castille, Q., xxiv, 21, 63, 64. 
Eligius, St. Eloy, 27, 105, 246. 
Elizabetha, nuper regina, Q. Elizabeth 

of York, 22, 59, 69 n., 83 . 
' Elizabet hiemem' 189 . 
Elphinston, W., Bp., 28. 
Elvedon, Walter, 250. 
embolismales anni, 114, 171, 186. 
' Embryng dayes,' 156, 189. 
Emerentiana, 118. 
Encaenia, the, 15. 
'Encyclopaedia, seu orbis,' &c., 17. 
' enteryng of sentans,' 65. 
questions, Cam., 29, 30. 
epactae, epacts, 114, 170, 171, 177, 

185-6. 

ephemeris, an almanac, 2 . 
'Epinomis, explanatio iuramenti,' I7. 
'epta' = 7 (Durand, 'epa,' viii) ; 171. 
equinox, xvi, xxii. 
erasures in the Kalendar, 40-2. 
erasures in service-books, 10, II. 
'Estaries, taurus,' 143, 164, 179; cf. 254. 
'Estastris,' 178. 
' Esto mihi? Par., 200. 
'Est sine din Febru.,' 170, 185. 
' Et genitrix \x>na dot,' 6, 133-4, 162. 
Eton College Chapel dedicated, 221 . 
Euclid, 33. 

Euphemia, V. M., 105 ; cf. xvii, xxii. 
Evans, ' Ewans,' Mr., 64. 
Exaltation of the Cross, feast of the, 

24., 28, 36. 
examinations, public, 16. 
* Exeatis,' Cam., 30. 
exeqniae, 39, 40, 87, 88. 
exequiae, Cam., 216 foil. 
Exeter Cathedral Kalendar, 254. 
Exeter chest, founded by T. Beaufort, 

duke of Exeter, Cam., 217, and Index, 

pp. 271, 277. 
explicatio, 4. 
extraordinarie, le., Par., 206. 

Faber, J. Alemannus (typogr.), 113. 
Fabian, St., 118. 

facultate, in aliqua non le., Par., 198-9. 
facultatis missa, Par., 204, 208, 214. 
' Familiaris liber Clericorum, 6. 
Faresby, Tables by, 253. 
fees for degrees, 43, 64-6. 
Felan, Abbat 118. 
Felix, St., 24. 
fercu/a, xxviiiw., 254. 
' Fert ea dux,' 178. 
festa mobilia, 114, 171. 
festine (al. 'festive,' q.v.), 27, 28, 181 n., 
182. 



festive, Par., 205-10. 

' Festum dementis hiemis eaput} 189 n. 

festum, cf. Index, pp. 257-64; 273-80. 

festum nationis Anglicorum, Par., 213, 
215; Franciae, Par., 198; festum 
Alemanorum, Ambianensium ; Bur- 
gundorum, Picardorum, Rothomagen- 
sium, Par., 198, 199, an, 214. 

' Fidelium, guesumus,' 248. 

' Filius esto Dei,' 6, 135, 139, 161, 176, 
248-9, 252-3. 

firstfruits and tenths remitted, Cam., 

22O. 

Fleming, Ri-., Bp. of Lincoln, 13, 20. 

fleubothomari, 53. 

formulae at ' creation,' 43, 64. 

Foxton, J., 2 n., 114. 

Franciae, festum nationis, Par., 198 ; 

sermo in gallico, Par., 202. 
Francis, St., 21; his ' natale,' xxiii; 

' depositio,' 105 ; his translation, 77 n., 

98,99, 105, 183. 

Franciscan doctors, 37 ; cf. ' Minores.' 
friars, Cam., 31. Par., 199, 213. 
Frideswide, V., xxiii, 16, ai, 34, 104, 

182, 246 ; her ' depositio,' 'inventio,' 

and ' translation,' 104. 
Fritag de Argentina, A. (typogr.), 113, 

115. 
frontispiece to the Oxford Computus, 

no. 

Frost, W., i3. 

' Tfructus z.lit canos? 6, 133, 162, 177. 
fructuum primorum remissio^aw.^ao . 
funerale = feretrum, 41. 

G. (E.), typogr., Paris, 113. 

ganger, 185. 

Garland, Gerlandus, J., 134, 137, 140, 
144-7. 

gatherings (Winchester College), 37 n. 

Gaulfridus Abbas, 143. 

generalis processio, Cam., 218, 220,227. 

Geneveve, Genovefa, 118. 

gentes, gentos = decem, 192. 

geometry, 33. 

Geraldi computus, 109 n. 

Geraldus, 141. 

Gereon, St., 119 . 

Gerlandi tabulae, 134 ; cf. ' Garland.' 

Gerlier, Durand, typogr., 113. 

Germanus, St., 105. 

Gibbard, Gibberd, Gylbarte, 66 . 

Gifford, Dr. Roger, 66. 

Gilbert, cf. ' Gibbard, W.,' ' Gylbarte, 
Nic.' 

Gilbert of Sempringham, canon of Lin- 
coln, St., Cam., 31. 

Gildford, H. de, xvi, 21, 61. 

Giraldus, 18. 

Gloucester, Humphrey, duke of, 22, 34, 
247. 



286 



VII. GENERAL INDEX 



Gloucester, T., duke of, 22. 
Godstow Kalendar, 254. 
Golden number, 5, 134, 167, 184. 
Gonville (Gunwile) Hall, Caias College, 

Cam , 38, 327. 
Goodrich, Bp., n. 
gowns, or robes, of Doctors, I5. ; of 

masters of grammar, no. 
grammar, masters of, 104, in. 
grand ordinary term, 28. 
Gratias agatis magistro N.,' Cam., 30. 
Gray, see ' Grey.' 

Greek, reading to the bedell, Cam., 64. 
Gregory, St., 1 10. 
Grey, Gray, Walter le, Abp., xvii, xxiv, 

21, 61, 62, 245. 
Grosseteste, Ri., ep. 'Lincolniensis,' 142, 

!45 250-1. 

Guiscardi Chirurgia, MS., 20. 
Guldeforde, see ' Gildford.' 
Gulielmus Bituricensis., 118. 
Gybarte, ? Nic., 66 ; cf. ' Gilbert.' 
Gynewell (Kynwell, Sinwelll, J. de, 

Bp. of Lincoln, 22, 26 n., 60. 

H. (littera), 173. 

' Haec algorismus] 249. 

half commons, 64, 65. 

Halifax, Holy wood, Sacrobosco, J. de, 

33, 109 ., 141, 142, 146, 151, 221 n. 
Halliwell, J. O., 249, 252. 
Hambledon Missal, n. 
Hampson, R. T., xxix, 248, 254. 
hand (human) used in calculation, 5, 

151-2. See ' Computus manualis.' 
Harklay, see ' Hercley.' 
Harreys, Dr., 66. 
Hart, Mr. Horace, vii. 
Hayis, Mr., 64. 
Hearne, T., 60. 
Heath, Dr., 294. 
Heathfield, Holyfield, Hothfield, Ri., 

59, 62. 

Hebraeorum computus, 142, 144, 147. 
Henry III, King, 22, 60, 62, 63. 
Henry IV, King, 22, 59, 6l, 62, 64, 

245- 

Henry V, King, 22, 
Henry VI, King, Cam., 220. 
Henry VII, King, 22, 59, 61. 
Henry VIII, King, 58, 225. 
Hercley, Harklay, H., xix, 21, 26, 246. 
Hermannus, 143, 151. 
Heytesbury, W., ' Sophismata,' 248. 
' Hie precedunt sedule patule,' xiv. 
Hilary term, 14, 15, 24, 243. 
Hilpericus abbas, 143, 253. 
' Hodie orandum est,' 58. 
Holbrook, J., 143. 
Holdenby of Isham, 250. 
Holyfield, see ' Heathfield.' 
Holy Rood day, 24 . 



holy water, blessing of, 38. 

Holy wood, J., see Halifax, ' Sacro- 
bosco.' 

Hook Norton, 60. 

Hoskins, Rev. Edgar, I9. 

Hothyrsall, T., 176. 

hours,unlucky, Egyptian, xiv-xxv, xxvii- 
xxxi; see 'Menfalusj 173, 191. 

Howson, Howsen, Dr. J., 100. 

Hugh, St., xxiv. 

Humphrey, duke of Gloucester, 59, 60, 

247, 253- 

Huss, Michael (typogr.), 113. 
Hussey, James, 22. 

lergis, 254. 

' Ieron'= Gereon, Saint, Cam., 225. 

imminuatur crnor, 49 ; cf. minutio, 47 , 

56 ; fleubothomari, 53. 
inceptorship, 65. 
'Incipiatis,' Cam., 30. 
index (digitus), 133, 164, 169, 176. 
indictio, 39, 173. 

indulgentiae magnae, Par., 200-5. 
Infans, Roger, see ' Yonge.' 
'/n lano darts,' 46. 
initium praedicationis Christi (2 May), 

21. 

In principle (St. John i. i), 19. 
intratis, see ' enteryng.' 
iota = unity, 183. 
Irish nation, 104. 
Isidore, 143. 
Islip, Simon, Abp., 22, 59, 60. 

Jacobitis, in, Par., 213; cf. 'sermo.' 
James, Dr. M. R., vi, vii, 2 ., 6 ., 1 3, 

20, 109 n. 
Jane Seymour, 58. 

'fani prima dies' (Baedae), xiv, 144. 
Jenkinson, F., vii, 13 n. 
lohannes, papa, xxii, Par., 213. 
lohannes Constantinensis, 140, 143. 
lohannes Noviomagus, 144. 
joints of fingers (iuncturae), 4, 114, 154, 

155, 162, 165, 176. 
lovis albi, dies, Par., 202. 
luliana, Saint, 105. 
iuncturae, finger-joints, 4, 114, 154-5, 

162, 165, 176. 

Kalendar of the meridian of Oxford, 

253- 

Kalendar, Oxford (fourteenth-century), 
at Trin. Coll., Cam., v, xiii-xxv, 20-3. 

(seventeenth-century), 244. 
Kalendar, Oxford, in the Chancellor's 

Book (Arch. A.}, v, 67-79; cf. 9-11, 
20, 229-42. 

in the Senior Proctor's Book 
(Arch. B.\ 81, 83, 85, .... 103; 
9 2 . 



VII. GENERAL INDEX 



287 



Kalendar in the Junior Proctor's Book 
(Arch. C,), 80, 82, 84, . . . , 102 ; 
9, 20. 

at St. John's College, 33. 

in the Bedel's Book, 45-63 ; 19. 

price of (Oxford), 32. 

of the University of Paris, 197-215 ; 
cf. 229-42. 

in the Cambridge Senior Proctor's 
Book, 216-28; cf. 229-42. 

price of, Cam., 31. 
Kalendar of Oriel College, 40. 

of University College, 33. 
Kalendarii, ars, 137, 144; art de 

kalendre, 144, 250. 
kalendarii corruptio, 147. 
kalendario, de, 136-48, 250. 
kalendarium gallicum rythmicum, 142, 

144. 

kalendarium vetus omissum, 16. 
Kalender of the Shepherdes, 148, 177, 

i8on., 192-3, 250. 
' Kalender,' 'secretys of this,' 155. 
Kalixtus, Saint, ngn. 
Katharine of Aragon, 59. 
Katharine's day, Saint, commemoration 

of benefactors, Cam., 226. 
Kemp, J., Abp., 59, 61, 62, 71 ., 99 . 
Kemp, T., Bp., 59, 62, 99 . 
Kentigern, Bp., Saint, 118. 
Kerver, Ro., 41. 
Kingsbury, T., friar, 13. 
King's College, Cam., 220. 
Knaresborough, 2 ., 6., 14. 
Kyllingworth, J., 144, 253. 
Kynewell, see ' Gynwell.' 
Kyrfoth, C., Oxford printer, 6, 20, 113, 

120, 150, 159, 175. 

Lacy, H. de, xxv, 21, 57, 63, 79^., 

102, 103. 

Lambertus, Matt., 144, 251. 
Lang', Langton, J., xix, 21, 23, 62, 

73 n., 90, 91, 246-7; cista, 73. 
Latin sermon, 15 ; Par., 198. 
Latin speech, 15, 16; litany, 15. 
Laud, W., Abp., 16. 
Laudian Statutes, 17. 
laureatus, 107, ill. 
leap year, 162, 171, 177, 194. 
' leche fyngere,' digitus medicus, 155. 
lectiones extraordinariae, 28. 
le. days, dies legibiles, 18, 2472., 28, 

36, 180, 195. 
le. fe. days, dies legibiles festinanter 

(? 'festive.' Par.}, 18, 27, 28, 35, 46, 

68, 80, 81, 166, i8o-r, 195. 
Leech, Dr. Ro., 66. 
legentes de mane, Par., 210. 
legibili die, Par., 201, 206, 212, 214-15, 

224 ; cf. ' le. days.' 
Lenne, N., 13.] 



Lent exercises, Cam., 30, 31. 

Leo X, pope, 58. 

Leodegarius, St. Leger, or Ludger, 98. 

Leofardo, Leopardo, Leupardo, Gilbert 
de, Bp., xviii, 21, 62, 72*3., 88-9. 

lesson, solemn, Cam., 31. 

Leverton, W., provost of Oriel, 42. 

Lewis, Miss Jessica, vii, 255. 

Leycester, Ro., 144. 

Leyntwardyne, T., provost of Oriel, 40 . 

Ley ton, Mr., 103, 248. 

Libellns Sophistarnm ad usnm Can/a- 
brigien., 107 ; cf. 248. 

Libellus Sophistarum ad usum OxonieS., 
107-8. 

''Licet modo in fine temporum,' 138, 
140, 144, 145, 147, 249, 252-3. 

Lichfield, Ri., 99 ., 248. 

Lightfoot, Joseph Barber, Bp. of Dur- 
ham, 27. 

Lincolniensis, see ' Grosseteste, Ro.' 

' ^in-quit ol-ens &b-ies,' 173. 

litany in Latin, 14, 15. 

littera dominicalis, 134, 162, 184, 249. 

littera tabularis, 174, 255. 

Littlehales, Mr. H , vii. 

Lodowycus, St. Louis, 78, 183 . 

Loeffler de Rhinfelden, 144. 

Loggan, David, 2. 

lombardo, sermo in, Par., 202. 

long (or great) vacation, 28, 269-70. 

Longespee, see ' Ela,' 

Longland, J., Bp. of Lincoln, 58. 

Louis, Saint, 28, 36, 78, 183 n. 

Lucian, presbyter, S., 118. 

Ludwell, J., 41. 

luna accenditur, xiv-xxv. 

luna de, 144. 

lunae paschalis incensio vltima, xvii. 

lunae saltus, 114, 170, 184. 

lunaris cyclus, 32, 114, 137, 141, 170. 

lunatic em bolismalis, 171, 186. 

Lydgate, J., 144. 

Lyhert, al. Hart, Walter, provost of 
Oriel, Bp. of Norwich, 42. 

Lynham, Ralph, 142, 144. 

Lyvers, J. de, 144. 

Mace, Robinet (typogr.), 113, 115. 

Mackworth, Dr. J., 255 . 

Madan, Falconer, v, vii, i6n., 17, 32, 

35- 150. 2 45- 
Magdalen College, 33 ; dedication of, 

34 ; sermon at, 15. 
magna congregatio, Cam., 31, 225. 
Magrath, Dr. J. R. , vii. 
mala dies (inter x. et xi. horam), xxi. 
Manuale ad usum Sarum, 135. 
' manuell,' ' the compounde,' 149 ; see 

' computus.' 

manus Baedae, 152 ., 249, 254. 
manus Dei, 152. 



VII. GENERAL INDEX 



manus humana, 153, 176, 351, 253. 

in anus meditationis, 6 ., 244. 

manus sinistra, 133-4, 176. 

Marcharius monachus, 145. 

Margaret Beaufort, the Lady, 59. 

Marian us Scot us, 144. 

Marisco, J. de, 253. 

Markaunt, T., Cam., 109 w. 

Martin, vigil of Saint, 58. 

'Martins in quinqut? 178. 

Martyn, Ri., 42. 

martyrology of Queen's College, 38. 

massa compoti, 135, 140, 144, 147, 252. 

masses for benefactors, &c., 21. See 

'missa.' 

masters of the schools, 15. 
Matthaeus de Computo, 251. 
Maturinis, in, Par., 207, 212. 
Mauduyt, J., 145. 
Mannsell, J., 63. 
mayor of Oxford, 14, 15. 
medicus (digitus), the 'leche' or fourth 

finger, 133, I55> l6 9. J 7 6 l8 4- 

medius (digitus), 133, 155, 169, 176, 
184. 

' medycyn,' the fourth finger, 155 w. 

Melanchthon, Philip, 252. 

memoria specialis, 99 n. 

' Menfalus illud habet] xxvii, 173, 191. 

' Mense brevis lunae,' 185. 

menses cavi, months of twenty-nine 
days, 185. 

' Menses dicuntur a mensura,' 144. 

Mere, J., Cam., 29. 

meridian of Oxford, 13, 146; of Cam- 
bridge, I3. 

Merton College, sermon at, 15. 

Merwick, Meryk, Dr. E., 66. 

Messehallath, 254. 

' Meteororum liber,' 33. 

Michaelis Cornubiensis (Blaunpayn), 
196, 254-5. 

Mildred, Saint, 105. 

minister Angliae, Franciscan, 13. 

minores, see ' Sermo,' ' Franciscans.' 

minutiis, de (fractions), 249, 251. 

minutio (sanguinis), 56; cf. 48-54. 

miraculum ardentium, Par., 213. 

' Miserere quesumusj 245. 

missa, 68, 69, 78. 

missa burgensium, on St. Scholastica's 
day, 104. 

missa de Omnibus Sanctis, 100, 101. 

de cessatione, 21, 244. 

de resumptione, xxiii, 21. 

de S. Trinitate, ai, 23, 74 n., 92, 93, 
244; Cam., 220, 322. 

missa de Spiritu Sancto, xxiii, 31, 23, 

75, 98, 99: Cam., 29, 225. 
missa pro regina, Cam., 29. 
missa (Paris) : 

qommunis Universitatis, 199. 



Missa (Parts) (continued] : 
apud Bernardinos, 208. 
apud Praedicatores, 199. 

pro defunctis, 213. 

de Spiritu Sancto, pro conserva- 
tione studii, 214. 

missa facultatis, 204, 308, 214. 

de miraculo ardentium, 213. 

in Mathurinis, 207, 212. 

per universitatem, inMathurino, 212. 

in lacobitis, 213. 

pro statu Universitatis, 214. 

pro papa lohanne, xxii, 213. 

de Rorate, 214. 

Missale ad usum Sarum, 39, 135. 
' Missus est Gabriel? evangelium, 19. 
' Mobilis alta dies,' 155. 
' Mobilis et Christum' 187. 
'Wlobilis, \bo, cifos,' 135, 147, 171, 186, 

352. 

Monk, Mr. C. W., vii. 
Moston, T., 108. 
monks, Cam., 31. 
Morand, typogr., 113, 
' More maiorum : non haerebo citd,' 221. 
Moreys, Marreys, 61. 
Mullinger, James Bass, vii, 27 ., 182. 
Muris, J. de, icy . 
music, 34, 63 ; song and writing, Cam., 

30. 

Name of Jesus, festival, 244, 248. 

'Nations,' 36; Irish, Northern, &c., 
104 ; their feasts in the university, 
Par. ; cf. ' Anglicorum,' ' Franciae,' 
' Alemanorum,' ' Ambianensium,' 
' Burgundorum,' ' Picardorum,' 

' Rothomagensium,' ' festum,' 'sermo.' 

Neal, Neel, Walter, lord of Effingham, 
22, 23, 60, 245. 

Neel, Walter, citizen of London, Cam., 
216. 

New Chapel, Cam., 30 . 

New College, sermon at, 15. 

Newmarket, 'de Novomercatu,' Thomas 
of, 33, io 9 ., 147, 151, 253. 

Niger, Michael, typogr., 113. 

Nigrellius, magister, 145, 251. 

Nocton, T., 244. 

nod. = novemdecim, 185. 

Nominis lesu, festum, 94**., 95. 

' Nona parit oe/tum,' xiv. 

non dis., days, 18, 28, 35, 46, 68, 80, 
81, 166, 180-1, 195, 243, 246; non 
dis., Cam., 216-27; non disputatur, 
Par., 198. 

non doctoratur, Par., 204. 

non le. days, dies non legibiles, 18, 27, 
35, 46, 68, 80, 81, 86, 87, 166, 180-1, 
*95> 2 43, 246. 

nonisnostraedominaej/Vw., 198, 204-15. 

northern proctor, 13. 



VII, GENERAL INDEX 



289 



northern scholars, 104. 

' Nos continuamus hanc disputationem ,' 

Cam., 31. 
' Noter determiners, devaunt (or apres) 

diner,' Cam., 30. 

' Noter Signiour Docturj Cam., 31. 
Nourry, Claude, typogr., 113. 
Novomercatu, Newmarket (Mercato), 

T. de, 33, 109 ., 147, 151, 253. 
' Nullus et octane, vel dene dixerit Aue,' 

xv. 
nut-galls, abuse of, 10. 

Obit, obitus, 18, 69, 70. 

obit Kalendar of Queen's College, 33. 

obliteration of manuscripts, vi, 9,68-79, 
225-6. 

' doctrinis vir praeclare' 186 ; fuller 
text, 255. 

' Omn-an-i-ma-que te-o,' 36. 

' Omnis utriusque sexus,' canon, 255 n. 

opposers, Cam., 31. 

l orabimus,' 59 ; ' orandum est,' 58. 

ordinarie legibili die, Par., 201 ; cf. 
' extraordinarie.' 

ordinarie non le., Par., 200, 204, an, 
214 ; cf. 246. 

ordinarie reincipiunt, Par., 198, 211-2. 

ordinarium parvum, 28; Par., 210. 

ordinary lectures, Cam., 28, 30, 31 ; 
doctors' ordinary, Cam., 31. 

ordinatio cistae de Langton, 73. 

ordinationes Turvyle, xvi, 21 ., 70 . 

ordo, 4. 

Oriel College, 9, 40. 

Ortuin, Gaspard, typogr., 113. 

Sapientia, antiphon, 24 n. \ Cam., 227; 
Par., 214-15. 

Osborne, Sir T. , 244. 

O secundum, Par., 214 (i.e. ' Ado- 
nay'}. 

Osithe, V., 90, 91, 104. 

Osmundi depositio, 105. 

ovorum festum, Egg Saturday, 14. 

Oxford Almanac, I. 

Oxford University, Ancient Kalendar, 
xiv-xxv, 20-3, 67, 80, 81, 229; its 
date of compilation, xiii, 25. 
Oxford University Calendar, I ; Ten 
Year Book, i. 

Oxford Univ. Statutes, 244. 
Oxoniana (1808-9), J n - 

Oxonienses Tabulae, 145. 

Palacium, Par., 210. 

palmeson-evc, 24, 25. 

palmistry, 250. 

'papa,' obliterated or erased, II. 

'Parecbolae Statutorum,' 17. 

Paris University, 18, 27, 35, 195, 197, 

243; Kalendar, Par., 198-215; cf. 

230. 



Parker, Miss A. F., vii. 

pasca (Apr. 2), xiii, xvii. 

pascha florida, Par., 202. 

Patrick, St., xvi, 104. 

Peach, H. H., n. 

Peacock, G., Cam., 27, 180-1. 

Peers, Ri., 18. 

pen. = pentecost, 156. 

pennam, legere ad, 27. 

' pension,' monks' to bedells, Cam., 31. 

Pepys, S., 253. 

Percy, H., 40. 

periarmeniarum primo, irtpi cp/u?ptar, 
a'., 108. 

Perne, Dr. Andrew, 254. 

personae privilegiatae, 224. 

' Per te, quinque, solet? 192. 

Peterhouse, Cam., 13 n. 

Peter of Egypt, St., 118. 

Peter of Milan, St., xvii, 104, 183. 

Petit, Petyt, or Parvus, J., typogr., 113. 

Petrus Dicus (? Diaconus), 140. 

' Petrus et Andreas, Paulus,' 173. 

' Phaleratagravibus? 253. 

Philibert, St., 119 ., 223 n. 

1 Philomela ' Petri da Dacia, 140, 145. 

physic, 66 ; physic for bachelor of medi- 
cine, 65. 

QvvvO = finit, 140. 

pica, the Sarum rules called the Pye, or 
' Directorium Sacerdotum,' n, 32, 

135. ^.iSS- 
pica Ebor, the York Pye, 176, 185, 

192. 

Picard nation, Par., 197, 214. 
Pidgeon, Peidgeon, C., 244. 
pileus, or cap, of dignity, 111-12. 
' Placebo >,' ist antiphon at vespers of the 

Dead, 18, 61, 62, 72, 78, 243 n. 
planetarum nomina, 164. 
' Planetarum Theorica," by Wa. Brit, 

221 n. 
pol. = pollex, the thumb, 133, 169, 170, 

171, 176, 184. 
Pond, Benj., 13 n. 
Pontisara, Pontoise, Pentys, J. de, Bp., 

xxv, 21, 63. 

Porte, J., see ' Deavilporte.' 
' Post cineres, neuma,' 47, 189. 
' Post festum Lint,' 56. 
' Post obi turn solis? 247- 
' potation of figgs, reasons, and almonsj' 

Cam., 30. 

Pouell, Powell, Mr., 64. 
Powder Plot, the, 16. 
Powell, W., typogr., 250. 
Praedicatores, Dominicans, friars prea- 
chers, Par., 199, 213, 214. 
' Praelectorum Cyclus,' 17. 
prandium, Par., 200, 202 ; ' devaunt 

(apres) diner,' Cam., 30. 
Prato, Pre, J. de, typogr., 113, 135. 



290 



VII. GENERAL INDEX 



prayers, 58, 59; prayers, common, Cam., 

29 n., 31. 

pre. days(?), 'p.,' 166, 180. 
Pre, J. de, see ' Prato.' 
Pricharte, Aprichard, J., 66. 
pril. = Aprilis, 185. 
primacio, 3. 

' Prima dies mensis,' xxviii, 46, 190. 
primae in ecclesia, pulsare pro primis, 

Par., 201. 

prima lunae, 170, 184; cf. 5. 
' Prima nocet vultum ' (al. ' multum '), 

xvi, ' parit^ xxviii. 
' Prima rubens unda,' xxviii, 191, 254. 
primas totius Angliae, 58. 
primatur luna, 5. 
' Primula G. lam',' 172, 187. 
priorums. Cam., 30. 
' Principium lani sanritj 248. 
Priscian, the large, 33 ; de constnu- 

tionibus] 33. 
processio, 62; Par., 207, 209; pro- 

cessio generalis, Cam., 218, 220, 227. 
proclamation of beads, 58. 
proclamations, Cam., 31. 
proctor, 64, 65. 
proctors, election of, 14, 86 ; Par., 201, 

206, 213 ; continuatio, Par., 203, 208, 

211. 

Proctors' Books, see ' Kalendar.' 

procuratores, see ' proctor.' 

Profacius ludaeus, 145. 

prognostications, xv, xxx, 14, 66 w. 

Prys', J., typogr., 113. 

Pulchro Anno, J. de, 251. 

' punisca notantnr in istis ' (? pulesca) : 
probably a corrupt reading of ' post 
musca, nociuior istis,' referring to the 
fourth plague of Egypt, the swarms 
of flies, ' cynomyia,' ' coenomyia,' 
' omne genus muscarum ' (Exod. viii. 
21, Ps. Ixxvii. 45, civ. 31; Vulg.\ 
191, cf. 254. 

Pupilla oculi, 255 n. 

Pury, Daniel, proctor, 100. 

pye of Salisbury use, n, 32, 151, 153. 

pye of York nse, 176, 185, 192. 

Pynson, Ri., typogr., xxvii-xxix, 115, 
117, 120, 149, 157. 

' Quae vix antiquij 114, 115. 

quantitate anni, de, 13 H. 

' Quasimodo ,' ' Quasimodo geniti,' mass 

for Low Sunday, 24, 25, 61, 71 ; far., 

202 ; Cam., 219. 
Queen's College, 16, 38; foundation of, 

15- 

questionists, Cam., 29, 30. 
quinary and decimal systems, 5. 
' Quinqne, bis, inde dias,' xxv, 45 ., 46. 
quolibet, disputatur in, Par., 202. 
' quorum animabus propicietur] 64. 



ra. = radix digiti, the lower joint, 133, 

161, 169, 170, 176, 184. 
Rabanus Maurus, 145. 
raisins, ' reasons,' Cam., 30. 
Ramus, 28. 

Randolph's Tables, 253. 
Rashdall, Dr. Hastings, vii, 27, 35, 

IIO-I. 

Rauf, 'Art de Kalendre,' par, 140, 144. 

Rauton, W., 41. 

Reade, Rede, Red, W., Bp., 2, 3, 253. 

recitatio, 37. 

' JRecordare? mass, n. 

Recorde, Mr., All Souls, 146. 

rector novus, Par., 201, 206, 215 ; debet 

sermocinare, 212. 
' Recumbentibus] evangelium, 19. 
recuperatur, Par., 200. 
' Redeatis,' Cam., 30. 
Reeves, Ri., 18. 

regents, admission of, 15 ; lectures, 23. 
Reginald the bedel, ' serviens,' xviii, 21, 

61, 72, 88. 

Regino of Prum, 151. 
Regnault, Fra., typogr., 113. 
regulares, 114, 144, 163, 177-8, 185. 
Reid, Dr. J. S., viii. 
reincipiunt in decretis, Par., 119. 
reincipiunt ordinarie, Par., 198, 211-3 

(cf. 'resumptio,' 'resumuntur'). 
Reinholdus, Salvedensis, Erasmus, 252. 
reiecta (statuta), 224. 
' Relacio Ihesu de Egypto' (i i Ian.), xiv. 
relics, feast of; festum reliquiarum, 40 ; 

?eccl. Eliensis, Cam., 224*1. 
Remigius, St., 28, 35. 
repetitio, 37. 
' Requiem? mass, 18, 86, 87, 98, 99, 102, 

103, 248. 

responsal, Cam., 31. 
responsions, 14, 16. 
resumptio, 19, 21, 23, 24, 34, 35, 36, 68, 

71, 77, 80, 81, 87, 88, 89, 98, 99; 

Cam., 219. 
resumptio magistroium, 59, 61, 62 ; 

Cam., 225. 

Resurrectio Domini, xvi, 25, 41. 
' Retrogradumfac una gradum,' xiv. 
reuma, 56. 

Reynaldus, frater, 147. 
' Rhetorica' of Aristotle, 33. 
Ricardus Praemonstratensis, 146. 
Richard, King, 22. 
Richard II, king, 62. 
Richard, St., 41. 
Rigobert of Rheims, 118. 
Rivers, P., I3. 
'robatt' (? rabbit), 244. 
Roberi, Roubery, Rowbnry, Gilbert de, 

xviii, 21, 59, 62, 248. 
rod (birch), 110-12. 
Rogers, Mr. Alfred, vii. 



VII. GENERAL INDEX 



291 



' Rorate,' mass, Par., 214. 
Rosenheim, Peter, prior of, 146, 251. 
rota numeri aurei et litterae dominicalis, 

134- 
Rudston, T., I3. 

Sacrobosco, Sacrobusto, de Cathelonia, 
Halifax, Holy wood, J.de, 33, 109 n., 
141, 142; 'de Sphaera,' 221 ., 142, 
146, 151,251, 252. 

St. Botolph's, Cam., 31. 

St. John the Baptist's College, 38. 

St. John the Evangelist's College, Cam., 
13 . 

St. Mary's Church, 14-16; Cam., 29-31. 

St. Peter's, Oxford, 14, 15, 16; Cam., 
218. 

Salisbury use, see ' Sarum." 

saltus lunae, 114, 170, 184. 

salvia, 50, 52. 

Sammon, Dr. T., 66. 

Sampson, H., provost of Oriel, 42. 

'San-cte Cher-u-bi-ne, do-cemecan-ta-rej 
6n. 

Sarum breviary Kalendar, 19. 

Saram Manual, 153, 154. 

Sarum Missal, 39, 135. 

Sarum pica, or pye, n, 32, 135, 151, 

153- 

Sarum Processionale, 39. 
Sarum use, 39, 40, 104. 
Savonarola, Jerome, 43, 64. 
Scholastica, V. (sister of St. Benet), 14, 

24, 26, 60, 69, 82, 83, 104, 245. 
schools, the, Cam., 29, 31. 
Schools, keeping the, 65. 

Natural Philosophy, 16. 

Scholae./ten, in St.Genevieve'sparish, 

198. 

Scofey, see ' Shepey.' 
scribe, 64. 

' Scrntatoribus,' 84, 247. 
Sebastian, St., 118. 

secretum de emendate exemplari, 244. 
' secretys of the kalendre,' four, 154. 
' ''Semper quindenis,' 1 79. 
Sentences, Peter Lombard on the, 65 n. 
Septem Dormientes, 41. 
sequentia, at mass, ioow., 247 ; sequen- 

tiae evangeliorum, 19, 244. 
serjeantry, grand, 60 . 
sermocinare debet rector, Par., 200, 

212. 

sermo doctoralis, 200, 201, 208 ; sermo 

magnus, 200, 212. 
sermons, cessation from, 37. 
sermons, at Si. Mary's, 14, 15, 16. 

at St. Peter's, 14, 15, 16. 

in New College, 15 (bis). 

at Christ Church, 15 (bis), 16. 

in Magdalen College, 15 (bis}. 

at Merton, 15 (bis}. 



sermons, Par. : 

in Augustinensibus, 199, 202, 209. 

in Bernardinis, 208 ; apud Bernardina, 
209. 

in Carmelitis, 199, 208 ; apud Car- 
melitas, 209. 

in Cordigeris, 199, 202, 208, an. 

in gallico, lombardo, et teutonico, 
202. 

in lacobitis, 200, 201, 208. 

in Minoribus, 209. 

in bursa Navarrensi, 209 ; in collegio 
Navarrae, 209. 

apud Praedicatores, 208, 209. 
service books, old, 38. 
serviens, see ' bedel.' 
'Sex Mayus nonas,' 164. 
Seymour, Jane, 58. 

Shadwell, Dr. C. L., vii, i, 9, ion., 40. 
Shelton, Walter, 22, 59, 61. 
Shepey, Scopey, J., Bp., 22, 60, 268-9. 
' Shepherdes, Kalendar of the,' 148 n., 

H9> J 55> : 7 6 > 2 5- 
Shewsmith, J., 65. 
Shrove Sunday, potation before, Cam. , 

30- 

signorum nomina (zodiaci), 134, 164. 
Sinker, Dr. R., viii. 
Sinwell, J., see ' Gynwell.' 
'Siparibus, vel disparibus,' xv, xxx. 
l Si pluat infesto Processi? xx; cf. xxx. 
4 Si tribus adiunctis] \ 92. 
situatione, pro, 170, 184-5. 
Skirlaw, Walter, Bp., 39. 
Slithurst, Dr. Ri., 66. 
Smithgate, in Oxford, 245. 
Smyth, W., Bp. of Lincoln, 40, 58. 
solemn lesson, Cam., 31. 
'Sol, Ve. Mer. Luna,' 164. 
sol in cancro, 248. 
solstitium, xix, 51, 57, 254. 
Somer, Somers, Somur, J., 13, 146. 
Sommer, Dr. H. O., 148 n., 155. 
song and writing examination, Cam., 

3- 

' Sophismata,' W., Heytesbury, 248. 
' Sophistarum,' ' Libellus,' 107-8. 
sophister, Cam., 30. 
Sophistria acad. Cantabr., 248. * 
southern proctor, 13. 
species, spices, 51, 54. 
'Sphaera,' 'De,' 'de Spera,' 18, 33, 

!37> J 39, 14 r > H^, 252 ; see ' Grosse- 

teste,' ' Sacrobosco.' 
Spiritu Sancto, missa de, xxiii, 21, 23, 

75,98,99; Cam., 29, 225. 
Squyre, Adam, 66. 
Stainer, Mr. C. L., v, vii, 67. 
stall, in the Schools, Cam., 30, 31. 
Stanbrig, J., 107. 
standing in the Schools, Cam., 30. 
Stanford-in-the-Vale, breviary at, 38. 



U 2 



292 



VII. GENERAL INDEX 



Stapleton, Ro., 147. 

statu prospero metuendissimi regis pro, 

58, 59, 62 ; ' for the good estate of 

the Queen,' Cam., 29; missa pro, 

Par., 214. 

Statuta legenda, 248. 
'Statuta Selecta,' 17. 
Statutes, MS. of Oxford, 244. 
' Statutorum,' ' Corpus,' 16. 
' Statutorum Parecbolae,' 1 7. 
Stewart, Rev. Hugh F., viii, 19. 
Stokys, Matthew, the bedell, Cam., 29. 
Strafford, J., see ' Strathaia.' 
Straminis, stramineus, vicus, Rue du 

Fouarre, Par. 

Strathaia, Strafford, J., Bp., 59. 
Strode, N., 13. 108 (?W.). 
Strof, W., I3. 
studii, pro pace, 62 ; pro conservatione, 

missa, Par., 214. 

' Sub spe, sub spe longa,' Cam., 30. 
subungula digitorum, 133, 177. 
Sulpice, Saint, 118. 
'Sum, es,fui,' 107. 
sumptio sancta, feast of the Assumption, 

173- 

superfluum, 244. 

supplicare solent Bnrgundi, 199. 

surplice days, 40, 41. 

Swan, J., 13 n. 

Swinfield, Ri., Bp., 144. 

Swithin, St. (rain), xxxi. 

symbolum, the creed at mass, IOOM., 

247. 
' Synopsis of Statutes, 2. 

Tabulae Alphonsi, Bedford, Bragi, 

Curtis, &c. &c., 253. 
'Tabulae Cantabrigienses," 139. 
'Tabulae Oxonienses,' 3., 145. 
' Tabulae Willelmi Rede,' 145, 253. 
tabularis littera, 141, 174, 192-3. 
' Tantum tendebatj 164, 179. 
'Tempora cum causis Phoebi,' 115. 
terminus paschalis, 172, 188. 
terms and vacations, 24, 25, 194, 243; 

see ' cessatio,' ' resumptio.' 
'Ternus, vndin, nod.,' 169, 183, 185. 
tertiam (horam), non ultra, 198-215. 
theologia, nee in decretis, in, 198-208. 
theutonico (teutonico), sermo in, 202. 
'The fifth and thirteenth day divides,' 

179. 

' The Ram, the Bull,' 179. 
Thomas Aquinas, 'de Alquino,' 84, 85, 

i5 2 45- 
Thomas the Martyr, Abp. Becket, u, 

*5>4, 4 I 4 2 > I 47, 222 > 22 4> 22 7- 
Thomas de Novo Mercatu, Newmarket, 

47. 2 53- 

Thoresby, J. de, Abp., 22, 60. 
Thurot, M., 27. 



Tolderwey, J., 65. 

Toleti longitude, 143. 

Tolye, W., 61. 

town and gown, 24, 26, 37. 

tractim legere, 28. 

Transfigurationis festum, xxi, 94 n., 95, 

244, 248. 

Translatio Universitatis, 244. 
Trinitate, missa de, 21, 23, 74., 92, 

93 ; Cam., 220, 222. 
Trinity chest, cista Trinitatis, founded 

by W. Bateman, Bp. of Norwich, 

Cam., 227. 
Trinity College, Cam., xiii, 2, 5, 9, 

19, 20. 

Trivet, Triveth, Nic., 147. 
Tunstal, Cuthbert, Bp., I5O. 
Turvel, Turvyle, Turvil, Philip de, xvi, 

21, 60. 

Twyne, Brian, 12 n., 255. 
Twyne, Laurence, 66. 

' Ung Dieu] 116. 

'Un geste ne voyle' 142, 144. 

University College, 38, 40. 

' vniwarssyte clarke,' 64, 65. 

Uses, various ecclesiastical diocesan, 

&c., 117-19, 169; Sarum, 39, 40, 

104. 
'vt. re. me. fa,' 63. 

Vacatio, 6r, 71, 76, 195-6, 243, 254-6 ; 
the great, 28; see 'cessatio,' 're- 
sumptio'; Par., 210, 215, Cam., 218, 
222. 

Valerius, Ep., 118. 

Vallecenis, Egidius de, 147. 

Vaughan, Waghan, T., 22, 61, 248. 

Venn, Dr., viii. 

'Veritas liberabit, Bonitas regnabit? 
motto, 175. 

Vertue, G., 2. 

vesperiae, 65. 

vicus Brunelli, Par., 198-214. 

vicus Straminis, al. stramineus (Rue du 
Fouarre), Par., 198-214. 

vigilia Palmarum, 24, 25. 

Villa Dei, Alexander Gallus, de, 109 ., 

"4, J 47 2 52. 
Vincent, St., 31. 
Viriville, Vallet de, 197 n. 
Visitationis Elizabethae, al. B. Mariae, 

festum, 34, 92, 93 . 
visitors, Marian, Cam., 29. 
' Vita et Honestate Clericorum,' ' extra. 

De/ Ecclesiastical Constitution, 29. 
' Vocem tocunditatis,' mass for fifth 

Sunday after Easter, Par., 204. 
' Vult* (al. Dant) 'crux, Lucia,' 189; 

cf. 173- 
Vyall, Ri., 61. 
' vyspars,' vesperiae, 65 . 



VII. GENERAL INDEX 



293 



Wadham College, dedication, 91. 

Waghan, Wagham, see ' Vaughan.' 

Wagstaff, T., nonjuror Bp., 134. 

Walker, J., i. 

Waller, Wallez, 6r. 

Warham, W., Abp., 58. 

Warwick chest, cista de Warwyk (Elae 

de Longa spatha), 60, 63. 
Waters, F., 13 n. 
' We don't want to teach,' 256. 
Whaplode, W., 61. 
White, Mr. W., viii. 
Whitinton, Ro. Lichefildensis, laureatus 

Oxon., 107, in . 
Whyte Chanons, Cam., 29 ., 31. 
Wicpertus, 148. 

Wierammus, Wicramnus, 148, 253. 
William of Bourges, 118. 
William of York, 104. 
Wilton, Stephen, 61. 
Winchester College, 37 ., 64. 



wine silver, 65. 

Wing, J., 13*. 

Winter, Fra., 13 . 

winter chests, cistae hiemales, 60, 61, 

62, 63, 271. 
Wood, Ant., I3. ; his Histaria, 18, 

!95, 2 45-6, 255. 
Woodson, Nic., 65. 
Worde, Wynken de, typogr., 107-8. 
wreath for laureate, inn. 
Wulfram, St., 119 n. 
Wulstan, Bp. C., 118. 
Wyberd, J., 2. 
Wylcottes, Oriel, 41. 
Wynken de Worde, typogr., 107-8. 

Yeoman (bedel) of law, 65. 
Yonge, Infans, Roger, 148. 
Ysabel, J., typogr., 113. 

Zodiac, 134, 164, 255. 



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of Grocyn, by the Editor ; f. Table-Talk and Papers of Bishop Hough, 
1703-1743, ed. by W. D. Macray; g. Extracts from the 'Gentleman's 
Magazine' relating to Oxford, 1731-1800, by F. J. Haverfield. Appendix : 
Corrections and Additions to Collectanea, Vol. I. (Day-book of John 
Dome, Bookseller at Oxford, A.D. 1520, by F. Madan, including a ' Half- 
century of l^otes ' on Dome, by Henry Bradshaw).) 

17. Wood's History of the City of Oxford [as No. 15 above]. 

Vol. II. Churches and Religious Houses. With Map and 
Diagram, pp. xii+ 550. (20*., to citizens of Oxford i6s. ; Map 
of Oxford in 1440, separately, not folded, gd., to citizens 6d.) 



1890-91. 

18. Oxford City Documents, financial and judicial, 1268-1665. 

Selected and edited by Prof. J. E. THOROLD ROGERS, pp. viii + 440 
( + 2 loose leaves for vols. 6 and 16). (12^.) 

1891. 

19. The Life and Times of Anthony Wood, antiquary, of 

Oxford, 1632-1695, described by Himself. Collected from 
his Diaries and other Papers, by the Rev. ANDREW CLARK, M.A., 
Vol. I. 1632-1663. With 7 illustrations, pp. xvi + 52O. (20^.) 

20. The Grey Friars in Oxford. Part I, A History of the Con- 

vent ; Part II, Biographical Notices of the Friars, together with 
Appendices of original documents. By ANDREW G. LixxLE,M.A., 
pp. xvi+372. (16.?.) 



1892. 

21. The Life and Times of Anthony Wood [as No. 19]. Vol. II. 

1664-1681. With i o illustrations, pp. xxviii-f- 5 7 6. (20^.) 

22. Reminiscences of Oxford, by Oxford men, 1559-1850. 

Selected and edited by LILIAN M. QUILLER COUCH, pp. xvi+ 430. 
(17^., to members of the University IQS. 6d.) 



PUBLICATIONS (continued}. 

1892-03. 

23. Index to Wills proved and Administrations granted in 
the Court of the Archdeacon of Berks, 1508-1652. Edited 
by W. P. W. PHILLIMORE, M.A. (Issued in conjunction with 
the British Record Society.) pp. viii + zoo. (los.) 



1893. 

24. Three Oxfordshire Parishes. A History of Kidlington, 

Yarnton, and Begbroke. By Mrs. BRYAN STAPLETON. With 
a coloured map and 2 sheet-pedigrees, pp. xx + 4oo. (17^-, to 
residents in the three villages ics.) 

25. The History of Corpus Christi College, with Lists of its 

Members. By THOMAS FOWLER, D.D., President of the 
College. With 3 illustrations, pp. xvi + 482. (20^., to members 
of Corpus 1 2s. 6d.) 

1894. 

26. The Life and Times of Anthony Wood [as No. 19]. Vol. III. 

168^-1695. With 3 illustrations, pp. xxxii + 548. (21^.) 

27. The Register of Exeter College, Oxford, with a history of 

the College, and illustrations. By the Rev. C. W. BOASE, M.A. 
Third edition, enlarged, pp. [8] + clxxxiv + 4oo. (Presented to 
the Society by the author : \$s., to members of the College los.) 

28. The Cartulary of the Monastery of St. Frideswide at 

Oxford. Edited by the Rev. S. R. WIGRAM, M.A. With illus- 
trations. Vol.I. General and City Charters, pp. xx + 54 + 6 
pages (loose) of corrections to vol. 24. (2 is.) 

1895. 

29. The Early Oxford Press, a bibliography of printing and 

publishing at Oxford, * 1468 '-1640. With notes, appendixes, 
and illustrations. By FALCONER MADAN, M.A., pp. xii+366. 
(Separate copies can be obtained only from the Clarendon Press, 
price i8s. The Society can only supply it in sets.) 

SO. The Life and Times of Anthony Wood [as No. 19]. Vol. IV. 
Addenda. With illustrations, pp. xii-f 32 2. (24^.) 



PUBLICATIONS (continue^) 

1896. 

31. The Cartulary of the Monastery of St. Prideswide at 

Oxford. Edited by the Rev. S. R. WIGRAM, M.A. With illus- 
trations. Vol. II. The Chantry and Country Parish Charters, 
pp. xii + 488 + 8 pages of additions and corrections (loose) 

tO VOl. 25. (2I-T.) 

32. Collectanea, 3rd series, edited by Professor MONTAGU 

BURROWS. With illustrations, pp. xii + 45o. (215.) 

(Contents : a. Some Durham College Rolls, by Rev. H. E. D. Blakiston ; 

b. Parliamentary Petitions relating to Oxford, by Miss L. Toulmin Smith ; 

c. Poems relating to the riot between Town and Gown, 1355, by Rev. H. 
Furneaux ; Tryvytlam de laude Univ. Oxoniae, by the same ; d. Wykeham's 
Books at New College, by A. F. Leach ; e. Correspondence of Henry Earl 
of Clarendon and James Earl of Abingdon, 1683-85, by C. E. Doble ; 

f. Dr. Newton and Hertford College, by S. G. Hamilton ; g. Charles Earl 
Stanhope and the Oxford University Press, by H. Hart.) 

1897. 

33. A History of Pembroke College, anciently Broadgates 

HaU. By the Rev. DOUGLAS MACLEANS, M.A. With 4 illus- 
trations, pp. xvi+544 + 4 pages of Addenda to vol. 32. (21$., 
to members of Pembroke 13^.) 

34. Hearne's Collections [as No. 2 above]. Vol. IV (15 Dec. 1712 

30 Nov. 1714). Edited by D. W. RANNIE, M.A., pp. x + 466 
+ [2], with a plate. (1898, 2is.) 

1898. 

35. Epistolae Academicae Oxon., a collection of letters and 

other documents illustrative of Oxford in the fifteenth century. 
Edited by the Rev. H. ANSTEY, M.A. With illustrations. 
Part I, pp. Hi + 336. (zis.) 

36. Ditto. Part II, pp. vi + 389. (2U.) 

1899. 

37. Wood's History of the City of Oxford [as No. 15 above]. 

Vol. III. Addenda and Indexes, with illustration, pp. X + 476 + 
[4]. (2ij., to citizens of Oxford i6s.) 

38. Old Plans of Oxford, by Agas, Hollar, and Loggan. A port- 

folio containing 15 plates, (zis., to citizens of Oxford i6s.) 



PUBLICATIONS (continued). 

1900. 

39. Oxford Topography, an essay by HERBERT HURST, B.A. With 

sketch-map, pp. viii + 248. (A companion to No. 38: 2is., 
to citizens of Oxford 1 6s.) 

40. The Life and Times of Anthony Wood [as No. 1 9]. Vol. 

V, completing the work. Indexes, pp. xvi+ 401 + [4]. (zu.) 

1901. 

41. Studies in Oxford History, chiefly in the Eighteenth 

Century, by the Rev. J. R. GREEN and the Rev. GEO. ROBERSON, 
edited by C. L. STAINER, M.A. With illustrations, pp. xx + 
xxiii+382. (2u.) 

42. Hearne's Collections [as No. 2 above]. Vol. V (Dec. i, 1714 

Dec. 31, 1716). Edited by D. W. RANNIE, M.A., pp. viii + 4O2 
+ [6]. (21,.) 

1902. 

48. Hearne's Collections [as No. 2 above]. Vol. VI (Jan. i, 1717- 
May 8, 1719). Edited under the superintendence of the 
Committee of the O. H. S. With an illustration, pp. viii + 432 + 
[6]. (3 w. 6*) 

1903. 

44. The Flemings in Oxford. Vol. I. Edited by the Rev. the 

PROVOST OF QUEEN'S COLLEGE, pp. xxiv+592 + [8]. (31*. 6d.) 

1903-4. 

45. The Ancient Calendar of the University of Oxford. 

Edited by the Rev. CHRISTOPHER WORDSWORTH, pp. xxxii+293 
+ [8]. ( 3 ij.6*) 

1904. 

Collectanea. Vol. IV. Edited under the superintendence of the 
Committee of the O. H. S. (3u. 6d.) Nearly ready. 



WORKS IN ACTIVE PREPARATION. 

The Flemings in Oxford. Vol. II. 

Hearne's Collections [as No. 2 above]. Vol. VII. 

A History of University College. By the Rev. the MASTER. 

The Cartulary of Oseney Abbey. Edited by the Rev. H. E. 
SALTER. 

The Cartulary of Eynsham. Edited by the Rev. H. E. SALTER. 
English Coins. Edited by C. L. STAINER, M.A. 



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tion to any of the Committee residing at Oxford (ROBERT S. RAIT, Esq., New 
College (Hon. Treasurer); FALCONER MADAN, Esq., 94 Banbury Road; the 
Rev. the PROVOST OF QUEEN'S COLLEGE (Dr. MAGRATH) ; the Rev. H. 
RASHDALL, New College; and Dr. SHADWELL, Frewin Hall, Oxford). The 
annual subscription is one guinea, and the published volumes as a set can 
be obtained by new members at one-fourth, the published price (i.e. 
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