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atlhttp : //books . qooqle . com/ 



ERNEST MASON SATOW (now Sir E. Satow, G.C.M.G.) 











Feinted by The Shueisha, T6kt5. 


Hosted by 




FiitsT Edition. (Post 16mo., xiv-f-366 pp.) January, 1875 . 
By Ernest Mason Satow, Japanese Secretary to 
H. M. Legation at Yedo, and Ishibashi Masakata, 
of the Imperial Japanese Foreign Office. 

Second EDraoN. (Post 16 mo" xvi + 415 pp.) January, 
1879. By Ernest Mason Satow, B.A., Second 
Secretary and Japanese Secretary to H. M. 
Legation at Yedo, and Ishibashi Masakata, a 
Secretary of the Japanese Foreign Office. 

— •"f^ み' 


cm of J K.7amagwS: 


During the (inartcr of a century which has elapsed since the issue of the last 
cKlition o£ this Dictionary the vocabulary of the- Japanese Spoken Language has 
been enriched by the addition of n very considerable body of fresh terms, 
technical and other. Some already existed in the literary language, others have 
been new]y coined to meet the varied needs of New Japan ; but all, or nearly all, 
are " omico- Japanese ,,, and as such have necessarily found their way into conver- 
sational use through the medium of the Written Language, — the press, the 
platform, and the bar being largely instrumental in gaining them colloqnial 
currency. The process of colloqnialization, however, is not yet, perhaps never 
will be, complete, and educated Japanese, to whom alone such terms are fully 
intelligiDle, probably have the written character before their mind's eye while 
conversing. These considerations account for the only innovation in the present 
edition of this work calling for special remark here,— the insertion, namely, of 
Chinese characters wherever it appeared that their presence would add to the 
interest and general utility of this compilation, which, despite this new departure, 
remains, both in respect of vocabulary and grammatical forms, substantially a 
dictionary of the Spoken Language. 

How much this, the third, edition owes to preYions issues those acquainted 
with its predecessors, which appeared in 1875 and 1879, will see for themselves. 
l?oi' help in its preparation, the thanks of the present compilers, who undertook 
tlic task of revision and enlargement at Sir Ernest Satow's instance in 1898, are 
in the first place and in the largest measure due to Mr. Amakiira Kokunosuke of 
the " Japan Daily Mail Mr. Kakiucbi Kibo of the Imperial Household Depart- 
ment, Mr. Kanazawa Hisashi of the Tokyo Higher Commercial School, Mr. 
Watanabe Genjh'd of Nagoya, and Mr. Ozawa Ryoldcbi of Yokohama, each of whom 
has, over one section or another of tlie work, rendered invaluable, indeed indis- 
pensable, assistance. As works of reference Messrs. Eastlake and TanaliasM's 
Japanese Translation of Webster's Dictionary, the Unabridged Japanese-English 


Dictionary " of Captain F. Brinkley and Messrs. F. Nan jo and Y. Iwasaki, the 
" English- Japanese Dictionary " of Mr. Y. Shimada, and Mr. J. H. Gtibbins' 
" Dictionary of Chinese-Japanese Words " have been consulted with great advan- 
tage, while many of tlie military terms have been taken from the " Dictionary of 
Military Terms and Expressions " compiled by Colonel A. G. Churchill, late 
Military Attache to H. B. M. Legation at Tokyo. To many other books and to 
numerous friends the compilers are indebted for various individual words and 

Eacli new edition of a dictionary is but a groundwork for its successor, and 
nowhere is finality less attainable than in Japanese lexicography. Of the many 
imperfections of the present work the compilers are fully conscious, and correc- 
tions, additions, and suggestions will be at all times gratefully welcomed. 《 • 

May, 1904. 

Hosted by 




»^ h 


' ei 
や f 




is pronounced like a in father, but is shorter, 
(diphthong) like ai m aisle, 
as in English. 

like ow in cow, but soiincled at the back of the palate, 
is soft as in choose, child. 
as in English, 
like e in pen. 

(diphthong) like ei in vein. 
between an English / and h. 

in the body of a word, and in t ュ e particle ga, has the sound of ng in king ; 
at the beginning of a word, and in words formed by recluplication, such 
as goro-goro, gaia-gata, g has the hard sound of g in goat. 

generally as in English ; the exact sound of hi can only he acquired by ear. 

like i in machine ; in a syllable terminated by a consonfint like i in pin. 

as in English. 

as in English. 

as in English. 

when followed by ch, d, n, r, s, t, or z, as in English ; when followed by/, h, 
ic, or y, it nearly resembles French terminal n ; when followed by g or k 
it is pronounced like ng in king. 

like in tobacco. 

like in over, but more sonorous, 
like ou in though. 
as in English. 

resembles an English v ; the exact sound can only be acquired by ear. 
like s in sat ; the exact sound of sh can only be acquired by ear. 
as in English, 
like u in put. 

resembles u in rude ; tbe exact sound can only be acquired by ear. 
as in English, 
as in English. 

as in English. In the present (dictionary zu or dzu has been used as the 
actual pronunciation of each. incliYidual word seemed to require. General- 
ly but not always zu will be found to correspond to the Japanese Kami ズ, 
and dzu to ヅ ; as, suzume, ス ズメ; tsudzumi, 、ク ヅミ. 

Hosted by 



1. In words of pure Japanese origin each uneontracted syllable has. theore- 
tically the same value ; and m fact, apart from the frequent quasi- elision of i and 
u [vide § 6 infraj and the tendency of two succeeding vowels to coalesce in pro- 
unnciation [vide § 5 mfraj, each sncli syllable lias the same quantity. This equal 
spacing of the syllables, however, is not inconsistent with the singling out for 
clearer enunciation of one or more of them, as in sukoshi, tori-shirahe. The 
vowels differ in timbre, a and o being usually more sonorous, and therefore more 
prominent, than i, u and e. Sometimes again, to borrow once more the ter- 
minology of music, there is a perceptible, though to the European ear hardly 
perceptible, difference of touch : kaki pronounced le<jato, meaning " persimmon ", 
is to be clistiDgi-iished from kaki with the a pronounced staccato, which signifies 
an " oyster ,,. 

So far as this paragraph is concerned the only practical atlYice that can be 
given to the foreign student is that he sbonld endeavour to educate his ear by 
close attention to his Japanese teacher's manner of speaking. 

2. The rednplica-tion of a consonant throws .in accent on the foregoing 
syllable. This stress ― the strongest occurring in Japanese 一 results from the 
effort required to give clear and separate enunciation to each of the two 

Ex : kai'ta ; yap'parl ; kon'nan ; Wtsui ; sas'suru ; tok'kyo ; rlp'puku. 

The consonants so reduplicated are kk, mw, mi, pp, ss and tt. To these 
must be added tch (for ch'ch or ts'ch), ssh (for fs\sh), and mj where the n sound is 
doubled, g being itself pronounced ng. 

Ex : j Weill ; mat'cha ; hes'shi ; nan'gi. 

3. Quantity stands next in importance in determining the prominence to be 
given to any one syllable. 

Ex : lidru, siinen, datji, shosho, kori make trochees ; kajo, hudd, iambi ; 
soda, aikyo, spondees ; meljiru, hdjlru, dactyls. 

4. The occurrence together of two different consonants, the first ending, the 
second beginning, a syllable, (in words of pure Japanese origin generally the 
result of a contraction), throws a moderate accent on the first of the two syllables. 

Ex : yon' da ; isuisun'da ; mlon'ko ; hoton'do ; kurom'ho ; nan'ji ; kam/hen ; 
mam'pnku ; sliim!po ; man'ki ; ten'jiru ; chim'pu. 

^,: r 


5. In the case of ae, ai (in pure Japanese words), ao, ei pure Japanese 
words), ie, U, oe, oi and ul, the first of the two vowels is accented, though in pro- 
minciatioii the two almost coalesce. In words of Chinese origin ai and el are true 

Ex: atsura'erii ; ka'emasu ; hira'ita ; iada'ima ; 7ia'o ; IJca'o ; Kame'klo ; 
IcJMa ; i'eha ; shi'ite ; Ici'Ua ; dbo'eru ; omo'imasu ; futo'i ; tsu'ite ; aru'ita. 

In the case of ue and uo the second of the two Towels, which here again 
almost coalesce, is accented. 

Ex : Ue'no ; katsm'husliL 

6. I and u are frequently almost mute, and therefore quite unaccented. 

Ex : futa ; tasuke ; tsukareru ; suizokukwan (usn. written suizokkican) ; 
hito ; (jeMken (iisu. written gekken) ; sekiken (usn. written sekken). 


ft. u. 

auxiliary numeral. 

Civ. Co. 

Civil Code. 

Civ. Pro. 

Code of Civil Procedure ( I 請). 

Com. Co. 

Commercial Code. 

Cr. Co. 

Criminal Code (1880). 

Cr. Pro. 

CofTe of Criminal Procedure (1890). 


distinct, distinguisliecl. 













indicates that the English word it follows is understood and used (often 
in a corrupted form) by Japanese : e.g. diphtheria, ii. * ; jlptderia. 

prefixed to a Japanese word or phrase indicates that the expression is 
bookish or rhetorical, and as such to be avoided iu familiar conversation : 
e.g. leisurely, f yHzen (悠然) ; not only so, 卞 shika mini mrachu. 

follows and indicates the proper particle to be placed after the Japanese 
equivalent of the object of an English verb or verbal expression ; where 
the particle is not specially indicated the use of wo is to be inferred : 
e.g. to bedaub, ni/miri-chirakasu ; to bedaub a gate with paint, 
mo れ ni penki ido nuri-cJiirakasu ; to bestride, ni/matagaru ; to bestride 
a chair, isu ni matagaru ; to dream of, nojyume wo miru. 

follows and indicates, in cases of any difficulty, the proper particle to be 
used after the Japanese equivalent of the English subject of a verb : 
e.g. to be tliirsty, ica]nodo ga kawaiie iru ; that dog is thirsty, ano 
iiiu 鶴 mdo (ja kawaite iru ; to catch, fire, 7ii]hi ga tsuku ; the curtains 
caught fire, imdo-kake ni hi fja isuita. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 



E. obj. + J. subj. signifies that the object in English becomes the subject in 
Japanese : e.g. to need, t.v. iru [E. obj. + J. subj.] ; one needs 
money, kane ga iru. 

Tahe-ru. A decimal point placed before the terminal ru of Japanese verbs ending 
in eru and iru indicates that the r does not form part of the stem of the 
verb, which consequently, if ending in eru, belongs to the Second Con- 
jugation, and, if ending in iru, to the Third Conjugation. All other 
regular verbs belong to ihe First Conjugation, the r or other terminal 
consonant forming part of the stem : e.g. 1st conj., horu (past tense, 
hotta, contraction for horita), oku (past tense oita, contraction for okita) ; 
2nd conj., tahe ru (past tense, iaheta), ne-ru (past tense, neta) ; 3rd conj., 
ochi-ru (pfhst tense, ocMta), mi-ru (past tense, mita). 

The grammatical terminology adopted in the present edition is that employed 
by Prof. B. H. Chamberlain in his " Handbook of Colloquial Japanese". 

Adjectives are thronghoiit given in their attributive form. 

In the case of a certain number of legal terms the Japanese Code in which 
they severally occur is indicated in saiiare brackets ; vide list of abbreviations 





A, art. There is no indefinite article 
in Japanese. For a in the sense of 
one hitotsu or iclii (一) compounded 
with an auxiliary ntimeral is used ; 
as, fune isso (—艘 ) a ship ; mikan 
wo hitotsu Jcudasai, give me an 
orange. In the sense of each, the 
particle 7ii is placed after the rmme- 
ral or auxiliary ntimeral ; as, four 
yen a month, hito-tsuki ni yo yen 
(四 圓); five sen a man, icU nin 
(一人) ni go sell (五 錢); or by de; 
as, how much, a foot ? shaku (尺 j 
de iknra. When a is placed before 
a noun which represents a class, the 
phrase to iu mono is often placed 
after the noun in Japanese, but is 
not indispensable ; thus, for a dog" is 
a laithful creature, either inu to iu 
mono wa chugi し忠 ま) ivi mon' da, 
or inu wa chugi na mon' da, would 

A. B., n. jdtd-sulfu (上等 水夫). 

Aback, adv. to be taken , hik- 

kuri s ; kimo wo tsubusu ; odoroku. 

Abacus, n. (counting board) soro- 

Abaii, ]prep. and adv. (of a ship) no 
ushiro m ; (aft) tomo no ho ni ; sengo 

. (船 後) ni; sembi (船尾) れひ ho (方) ni. 

Abalienate, t,v. hoka e yudzuru. 

Abandon^ t.v. (a custom) sute-ru ; 
hai (廢) s ; yame'ru ; haishl (廢 j^) s ; 

(an. intention) ; yosu ; yame'ru (a 
patient as incurable) mi-sute-ru ; (a 
person) mi-sute-ru ; oki-zari ni s ; mi- 
hanasu ; mi-kagiru ; (a place) tachi- 
noku ; shirizoJcu ; tachisaru ; saru ; 
n?7cM ; taikyo (返 去) s ; (a right) 
h5ki (放棄) s ; (a vessel) sute-ru. 

to a case, saji wo nage-ru. 

[p 磨., referring to the spoon used 

for mixing drugs by doctors of the 

Gninese school]. 

to hope, dannen (gff;ft) s ; 

. omoi-klrxL. 

to a wife, sal wo saru ; tsu- 

ma ICO iki (遣 棄) s [Cr. Co.]. 

Abandoned, a. (lawless) muhd 
(無法) wa; (profligate) dSm た w (道 樂) 
na; hoto (放蕩) na; horatsu (放 培) 
m; hdtd-burai (放蕩 無賴) na. 

an fellow, dbrakumono ; 6w- 

raikan (無 賴漢) ; muhd na mono. 
Abandonment, n. (of a custom, 
etc.) haisU (廢 it); (of a wife) iki 
(遣 棄) [Cr. Co.]; (of a ship, to the 
underwriters) ifu (委付) [Com. Co.]. 

of a right, kiken (棄 癯、 

Abash, t.v. hadziikashime-ru ; haji- 
shime-ru ; ni/haji wo kakase-ru. 

to be ed, haji wo Jcaku ; haji- 

ru; memboku (面目) w:o ushinau ; 
hadzukashigam. [The verbis oft お 
expressed by the adj. Tiadzukashii, 
or by the phrase, ma ^ra warui]. 

Hosted by 





[ 2 ] 


Abate, t.v. (a demand) make-ru ; ゆ 
price) make'ru ; nebiki wo s ; hiku. 

Abate, i.v. (in amount) heru\ gen- ; (of pain, heat, etc.) yawaragu ; 
usuragu ; shidzumaru ; (of wind) ya- 
mu ; nagu ; shidzumaru. 

Abatemeut, n. (act of) equiv. of 
Abate foil, by koto ; (of price) nediki ; 

Abatis, n. rokusai (鹿 寨) ; shishi- 

Abattoir, n. tosho (屠所); (for oxen) 
togyuha (屠 牛 場) ; togyujo (屠 牛 所). 

Abbess, n. amadera nojiiji (住持). 

Abbey, n. ji-irf (寺院). 

Abbot, n. hojo (方丈) ; jilshoku (住 

-.. 職); ヌ》 ヌ (住持). 

chief (of a sect) hossu (法主); 
- (of the Zen sect) kansu (貫主). 

Abbreviate, t.v. (a Chinese cha- 
" racter) ryaku (畧) s ; (by omitting) 
shoryaku (省 唇) s ; habuku ; (shorten) 
mijilcaku s ; tsudzume-ru ; mijika- 
me-ru ; yaku (約) s ; tsume-ru ; chiji- 
me-ru ; tanshuku (短縮) s ; hashoru. 

Abbreviated, a. ryaku shita. 

character, ryakuji (唇 字). 

expression, ryakugo (# 語); 

ryakugen {^n)- ^ ^ 

sentence, ryaJcuhun (唇 文) ; 

ryakku (蕃 旬). 

Abbreviation, n. tanshuku (短縮) ; 
gensei (减 省); (of an expression) rya- 
kugen (客 言);' ryakugo (畧 語); (act 
of) equiv. of Abbreviate foil, by 

- koto. 

Abdicate, t.v. (abandon) svte'ru ; 
- saru ; yudzuru. 

to ...... office, ji (辭) s ; jishoku 

mm s. 

to the throne, kurai wo 

saru; jd-i (酗 位) s ; (in favour of 
another) kurai wo yudzuru. 

Abdicate, i.v. (from headship of 
. family) inkyo (隱 居) s [Civ. Co.]. 
Abdication, n. (act of) eqmv. of 
• Abdicate foil.. by koto \ (ot headship 
of family) inkyo; (of tHrone) jo.-i. 

Abdomen, n. hara ; shita-hara ; 
tanden (丹 HJ) ; o naka ; pon-pon ; [the 
last two chiefly used by women and 
cMldren ; (med.) ka-fukvbu (下腹部). 

Abdominal, a. shitahara no ; おな- 
fukuhu no. 

Abduct, t.v. saratte iku ; kadoicaka- 
su ; tsure-noku ; vbai-saru ; yUkai (誘 
W s [Cr. Co.]. 

Abduction, n. Jcadowakashi ; yilkai 

Al>cl actor, n. kadowakashi ; yukai- 
sha (誘拐 者). 

Aberration, n. mental , sei- 

shin-sakuran (精祌 錯亂 )• 
Abet, t.Y. (instigate) nolshiri-oshi wo 
s ; odate-ru ; keshi-kake-ru ; sendo 
(jl 動) s ; kyosa (教唆) s ; {the com- 
mission of a crime) hojo (帮 助) s. 
Abettor, n. ん a (塌 動 教); ky る- 
sasha (教唆者). 

Abeyance, n. to be in (of an 

affair), mi-awasete aru ; cMzetsu ( 中 
絕) shite oru; teishi (淳. 止) sarete 

Abbor, t.v. kirau ; imu ; nikumu ; 

nikushimu ; imi-kirm; ken-o (嫌 惡) s. 
Abliorrence, n. nifcushimi ; iya- 

gari ; ken-o ; itoL ' 
Abide, t.v. (dwell) sumu ; sumau ; 
oru ; i-ru ; jukyo (fe 居) s ; (sojourn) 
taizai (滞在) s ; idryit (逗留) s. 

to "by, (a promise, etc.) mamo- 

ru ; (submit to, as a judgment) 
nilshitagau ; nijfukuju s. 
to .... with, tojkishuku (寄宿) 
s; to]dbkyo (同居) s. 

Abide, t.v. (endure) Jcorae-ru ; ni け a- 
e-ru ; shinohu ; gaman (我慢) s ; shim- 
hd (き 抱) s ; (await) matsu. 

Abies, n. (a. bifida) momi; (a. homo- 
lepis) shirdbe ; shiro-tsuga ; shiro- 
momi ; magiro-momi ; (a. menziesii) 
tohi ; ezomatsu ; matsu-hada ; (a. po- 
lita) toga-momi ; toga ; hari-momi ; 
(a. tsTiga) tsuga. 

Ability, n. {talent) no f-yoku (能力); 
saind (ォ 能) ; saiJccm (ォ #) ; rikiryo 

' (力量); kiryo (器量); giryo (技 髓); 
卞 sdi/ci (才器). 

Hosted by 




3 ] 


man of , sa'ishi (才子); sai- 

: hutsu (才 斗"? 刀) ; sa'i no aru hito ; hin- 
歸まぼ 腕 家). 

Ab initio タ salsho (gfrj) yori ; haji- 
me yori. 

Abject, a. ii/ashii ; gesen (~Ft^) '^Q^ ; 
misageta ; mikudasu-heki. 

, . • poverty, sekihin (赤貧). 

Abjectly, adv. hige shite. 

Abjure, t.v. (a thing) ehikaite 

wo tatsu. 

Abjuration, n. (act of) ehikaite 

Able, a. sugureta ; rikiryo no m , 
Jciryo no aru ; giryo no aru ; sctikl no 
aru ; (of intelJect) chikara no aru 
sai no aru ; norjjoku no aru. 

an man, yaku ni tatsu hito 

Unwanka (敏8 ^家). 

I shall be to go to-mor- 
row, ashita idol iku koto ga deki'Vu ; 

ashita ica ikar^e'ru. 

to be , deki'Tu. 

to be to, is generally expr. 

by koto ga deki-ru, after the inclic. 

pres., or by the potential in re-ru. 

to be un , dekinai. 

to te un to, V. to be to, 

[the yerb in this case is in the 


Able-bodied, a. tassha (達者) na ; 
ky る sd (强) 出) na ; johu 夫) na ', 
karada no johu na. 

...... seaman, jotd-suifu (上 筝水 


Ablution, n. senshin (j^ 病 ) ; senjo 
(洗 f 爭); (of a dead body) yukwan (y^ 
灌) ; (religious) mokuyoku (沐浴). 

Ably, adv. joclzu (±#) nl ; takumi 
ni ; kosha (巧者) wi. 

Ab negation, n. kyozetsu . . (拒絕 ) ; 
(self-denial) Jcokki (^已 )• 

Abnormal, a. hogwai (法 クト) na; 
• 、fujun (不 II 匿) ncL ; reigwai (例 夕ト) れ o; 
- atarimae de nai. 

symptoms, ijd (異状). 

Aboard, adv. senchU (船中)? li ; fwie 
ni. ♦ 

of, nojsenchu ni. 

to fall of, nilshotoisu (衝突) 

s ; niltsuki-ataru. 

to g"0 ....;., nil nori-komu ; nilnoru ; 
josen (乘 船) s. 

Abode, TL. jusho ([ も 所); hyotaku ; 
. sum{ka ; $umai ; (in a bad sense, 
lair) sdkutsu {^M)- 

one's own (humble \ settaku 

: (拙宅). 

Abolish, t.v. haishi {%]t) s; haitei 
(廢 I?) 's ; nozoku ; hai (廢) s ; ya- 
. me'Vu ; yosxi. ' 

to be ed, liaishi ni nam. 

Abolition, n. haishl. 

of the custom pf wearing* 

swords, haito (^7J). 

of the feudal system, hai- 

/icm (廢 藩). 

total , zempai (^Jg). 

Abominable, a. kesUkaranu ; ni- 
kumu-beki ; nikul ; nikunikushu ; ni- 

cruelty, zankoku (殘 酷). 

Abominableness, n. equiv. of 
Abominable foil, by koto. 

Abominably, adv. nikul hodo ni ; 
nikunikushiku ; nikurashiku ; Mdo- 

Abominate, t.v. nikumu ; ken-o (嫌 
惡) s ; goku (極) Jcirau. 

I such actions, kayo ha 

koto wa dai kirai da. ' 

Aborigfinal, a. moto no ; saisho (最 

%) no ; kongen (tUTc) no. 
Aborigines, n. dojin (土 入). 
Abort, t.v. (have an abortion) ryil- 

z<m (流 產) s ; (fig.) deki-sokonau. 
Abortion, n. ryman ; (product of 
untimely birth) ' tsukitaradzu ; (fig.) 
cleki-sokonai ; (wilful) datal (墮胎 ) 
[Cr. Co.]. 

to cause に, dated sase'Vu ; ryu- 

zan sase-ru ; ko wo ovosasc'vu. 

to have am ...... (wilful), ko wo 


Abortive, a. (immattire) fujuku (不 
熟) no ; (untimely) fiiji (不時) wo ; 
jugoji (不合 時) no. 

to be ., mu ni nam ; muda ni 

naru ; dame ni naru. 

Abortively, adv. /wji ni ; furjoji ni ; 
fujuku ni. 

Hosted by 



[ 4 ] 


Abound, t.v. takusan ひ睪山 ) aru ; 
tanto aru. 

to in, niltomu ; yutaka ni 

aru ; takusan ni aru [E. obj. + J. 

About, prep, (approximately) koro ; 
oyoso ; gurai ; hodo; hakari ; (con- 
cerning) ni tsuite ; ni kakawatte ; (in 
vicinity of) no moyori ni ; no kinjo 
ni ; (nearly, but not quite) hotojiao, ; 
kare-kore ; (round) no mawari ni ; 
no gururi ni ; no shui (周圜 ) no 
shi-men (四!^) れ i. 

six o*clock, rokuji goro ; 

hotondo rokuji (六 時). 

three hundred men, sam- 

hyaku nin (三百 人) hakari. . 

, two years, oyoso ninen (二 

three thousand yen, kare- 

kore sanzen yen (三千 圓). 

at , goro ni', as, at three 

o'clock, sanji (三時) goro ni. 一 

that's it, sonna mori deshb. 

wMle you are it, soti ひ 

tsuide ni. 

About, adv. (here and there) achi- 
kochi ; koko-kasMko ; hobo (方々): 
shoho (諸方). 

to te to (on the point of), 

is usually expr. by the future foil. 

by to suru tokoro da. 

a steamer to enter port, 

nyukd (人 港) sen to suru kisen (滚 

船); minato e tiairo to suru kisen. 

to be ...... to go out, dekakatte 

oru. • 

to "bring …… (a desired end), 

wojshitodoku ; wolvassur u. 

to come (occur) okoru ; de- 

Jci-ru : (resTilt) nijharu. 

to travel , yfireki (遊 歷) s ; 


to wander • , haikwai (徘循 ) 

s ; luratsuku; 

;. after a yerb, is also expr. by 

mawaru or mawasu added to the 
indef. form according as it. is 
intrans. or trans. ; as, to drive 

..... , oi-mawasu ; to lead , 

hiki-mawasu ; to run , kake- 

mdwaru; to walk , aruki- 

Above, prep. (Mgher in place) no ue 
ni ; (more in nuinber) ijo (i^ 上) ; 
yo ま; amari ; [all placed after 
the noun]. • 

a hundred men, hyakunin 

(百 人) amcjH; hyakunin vjo (百 人 

以上》 . 1 

one the other, (with an 

i. V.) kasanaUe ', (with a t. v.) 

to pile one the other, dan- 
dan (段々) ni kasane-ru. 

to be another (in ability), 

ni/sugureie oru : ni/masatte oru. 

Above, adv all, daiichi ni 

nakanzuku ; koto ni ; kotosara ni , 
toriwakete ; iomokaku mo ; idzure ni 
shiro. [The last two are used with 
the positive]. 
Aboveboard, adv. shojiki (正直) れ 《 ; 
jittei (實 JfO ni ; akarasama ni ; muki- 
dashi ni. 
AbovesaicI, a. migi no. 

Abrade, t.v. suri-hagasu ; suri-hera- 
su ; (of the skin) suri-muku. 

Abrasion, n. suri-hage ; sur'i-hera- 
shi ; (of the skin) suri-mnki ; suri- 
kidzu ; sakkwasno (擦過傷). 

Abreast, adv. (with m. i.v.) naran- 
de ; (with a t.v.) narabete. 

to te of, nijnarande oru. 

to march, two , niretsu (二 

列) ni aruku. 

Abridge, t.v. (epitomize) tsudzu- 
me'ru ; tsume-ru ; ryaku (D s ; 
(lessen) hahuku ; ge7isei (减 省) s ; sei- 
ryaku (省 蕃) s ; sogu. 

to a book, hon wo ryafcu 

shite kaku ; hon no naka ko tsu- 
mande kaicu. 

to a man's rights, hito no 

'kenri (灌 利) wo sogu. 
to labour, tema wo hahuku. 

Abridgment, n. (act of diminish- 
ing) gensei ; seiryaku ; hahuku koto ; 
(of a book) tsudzume-gaki ; teJciyo 

; satsuyo (撮要); ryakusetsu (唇 
說); ybsetsu (要 說); ybroku (要 錄); 
(of a conYersation) tairyaku (大睪 ) ; 
yosetsu ; ryakusetsu ; (of a penoa) 
tanshuku (紐 縮). 

Hosted by 




5 3 


Abroad j adv. (before the public at 
large) seken (世間) m ; (from home) 
yoso e ; waJci e ; (in foreign countries) 
takoku (他 國) m; gwaikoku (外 國) 
m ; kaigwai (海外) rd ; (outside the 
house) omote ni ; soto ni ; (to foreign 
countries) kaigwai e ; takoku e ; 
(widely) hirokii ; amaneku. 

our friends , zaigwai (在外) 

no tomodachi. ' 

Abrogate, t.v. hai (廢) .s ; haishi 
(廢止 ) s ; tori-kesu ; (denounce, as a 
Treaty) haiki (廢棄 ) s. 

Abrog-atioii, n. haishi ; tori-keshi ; 
fact of) eqiiiv. of abrogate foil, by 
Mo ; (of a Treaty, etc.) haiki. 
of a law, haihd (廢 法). 

jf^brnpt, a. (of a person) mutonjaku 
(無頓着) na; sotsuji (卒爾) na; so- 
soisu (倉卒) 鶴; sosokashii ; soho 
(粗暴) 鶴 ; (steep) kewasUi ; kyu na ; 
(sudden) /ui (不意) れ。. ' 

Abruptly, adv. ikinari ni ; (without 
notice) dashinuke ni ; (suddenly) ni- 
waka ni ; sotsuji (卒齒 ) ni ; sosotsu 
(倉卒) ni ; kyu ni. 

Abruptness, n. (steepness) ke 腿- 
shisa ; kyu na kbto. ' 

of behaviour, sohd (粗暴) 

na kyodd (擧 動). 

Abscess, n. haremono : nds5 (膽 瘡) ; 
dekimono ; noshu ). 

Abscond, i.v. kakeocM s ; nige-ru ; 
shuppon (出奔) s; dasso (脫 走.) s; 
nuke-hasMru ; tbhd (逃亡) s ; tosb 
走) s. 

to with, (valuables), wo!mo- 

chi-nige s ; wolkaitai (拐 帶) s. 

Absconder, n. dassosha (3^ 走 ; 
tdhonin (^亡 人). 

Absence, n, (state of not being pre- 
sent) rusu ; fuzai (不在). 

during the of, no fuzaichu 

(不在 中); no rusu ni. ' 

of mind, honyari shite oru 

koto; hoshin (放, じ、) ; botto shite oru 
koto ; akogare. 

we are much put out by his 

, am hito ga rxisu de wa old 

ni komaru. 

Absent, n. (abroad) migw%i (在 夕ト) 
no ; (inattentive) /ac/iwi (不注意) れ a; 
utsu-utsu na ; hoshin (放, じ、) na ; (not 
present) fuzai no ; rusu no. 

to be , rusu de aru ; fuzai de 

aru ; inai [neg. of i-nt]. 

to De from a meeting*, kes- 

seJd (欠席) s. 

to be from roll-call, tenko 

呼) れも kake-ru. 
Absentee, n. fuzaisha (不在 者) ; 
(from a man-of-war) dakkansha (fe 
艦 者). - 

Absently, adv. fachui ni ; utsu-utsu 
to shite ; hoshin shite ; botto shite ; 
honyari shite ; hozen (茫然) to shite. 

Absent-minded, a person, 


to be , ukkari shite oru ; hotto 

shite oru ; honyari shite oru ; ako- 

Absolute, a. (as opp. to relative) 
zettai (系き 對) no; zettaiteJci (絕對 白が 
no ; (perfect) expr. by no kiwamari 
after the noun ; kwanzen (完然 ) na 
(unappealable) kakutei (確定') no 
(nnconditional) tanjun (單純 j na 
[Com. Co.] ; kakuzen (確然) カ0 shita 
kakko (5fg-#) to shita ; (unlimited) 
mugen (無!? 具) na ; kdgiri no nai. 

decree, kakutei-saihan (S^*^ 


government , sensei-seiji (裏 

制 政治). 

monarchy, kunshu-dolcusai- 

se'ft (君主 獨裁欧 治); kunshu-seiji 
(君主 政' 冶). 
Absolutely, adv. (not relatively) 

zettai ni ; zettaiteJci (絡對 的) ni; 

(without fail) zehl ; zehi to mo ; 

(wholly) mattaku ; maru de ; zenzen 


impossible, totei dekinai ; 

matt aim dekinai. 

no, sukoshi mo, or go m ひ, or 

taete, with. neg. verb. 

I am opposed to, ni/zettai- 

teki ni hantai (反 對) da. 

Absoluteness, n. equiv. of Abso-^ 
lute foil, by koto. - ' 

Absolution, n. (of sins) sha/men (赦 
免) ; shazai (赦 罪). 

Hosted by 



C 6 ] 


Absolutism, n. sensei-shugl (奪 制 

主義). 、 ' ' 

Absolve, t. v. (acquit) も 5me?i( 放免) 
s ; (forgive) yurusu ; Icamhen (ft] 辩) 
s ; (from sin) shazai s. 

to from a contract, nilha- 

dan (破談) wo yurushite yarn ; 
wjhadan ni shite yarn. 

to from blame, w^jtsumi ga 

nai to mitome'ru. 

Absorb, t.v. (annex territory) heidon 
(併 吞) .9 ; (imbibe) suiJcomu [lit.] ; 
• Icyushu {^Ml) s [lit. and fig.]. 

to ...... gradually (territory), 

sanshoku (簠 食) s. 

to be ed, shimi-komu. 

to "be ..... ed in, (deeply engaged) 
nijkuttaku (屈託) s ; nilkoru ; nijko- 
rl-katamaru ; [in a bad sense) ni/- 
hamari-komu ; nilfuke-ru ; (the pur- 
suit of women) nijatsuku natte oru. 

to become ed in study, 

gakumon (學 fill) ni koru. 

to be completely ed, mu- 

chu (夢中) natte oru. 

Absorbent, n. (anat.) kyunyuki (吸 
, 入 機); (chem.) kyilsMzai (吸 收劑 )• 
Absorption, n. kyusha (吸 收) ; also 

eqmv. of Absorb foil, by koto. 
AbstaiD, i.v. to from, wo/ 

tatsu ; (comment, etc.) wolyoshite 


to from doing, shinai de 


to from flesii and fish, 

shojin (精進) s. 

to from food, zesshoku (絕 

食) s, 

to from wine, kinshu (禁 

, 酒) s. , 

wo/tsutsushiniu and wojsessuru are 

also used for to from, hut 

;- ' their meaning is not so strong as 
' that of tatsu. An article from 

whicli one habitually abstains is 

called tachimono. 

Abstainer, n. total , kinshu- 

nin (禁酒 人). 
Abstemious, a. ijdjd {%^) no yoi ; 
tashinami no yoi. 

...... person, geko (T^)- 

• to be , setsuyd (攝 養) s. 

Abstemiously, adv. hodoyoku ; yoi 

hag en ni ; setsuyo shite. . 
Abstemiousness, n. setsuyo ; yojo. 
Abstinence, n. (from e^il desires) 
た oA:/ci (克已 ). 

from flesli and fish, shojm 


from food, zesshoku (絶食). 

from wine, Icinshu (禁酒). 

Abstract, t.v. (epitomize, extract) 
nuki-gaki wo s ; kaki-nuki wo s ; 
tsumamu ; kai-tsumamu ; hassui (援 
萃) s ; (steal) nusumu ; nusumi-toru ; 
sesshu (竊 取) に ' '. 

Abstract, n. (selection) kaJcl-nuki ; 
nuJci-gaJci ; hassui ; (summary) ka- 
do-gaki ; tekiyb (摘要); tairyaku 

in the , se'ishinjo (精祌 上) ; 

chushoteki (抽象的) ni. 
Abstract, a. mukei (無形) ; chu- 
shoteki (抽象的) no ; kyokei (庫 形) no. 
noun, chushd-metshi (J 由 象 名 

詞). , 
Abstracted, a. an person, 

ん 'れ (放, じ、) shite oru mono ; ukka- 
ri-mono ; hotto shite oru mono. 

to be , hotto shite oru ; hon- 

yari shite oru ; akogare-ru ; hoshin 
shite oru. 

Abstractedly, adv. hoshin shite ; 
bonyari shite \ hotto shite ; 

Abstraction, n. (of mind) hdsUn ; 
also equiv. of To be abstracted foil, 
by koto. 

Abstruse, a. oku-fukai ; fulcai ; 
oku-yukashii ; 07nyd (奥妙) no ; imi- 
shincho (意味 深 重) no; shin-i (深意) 

Abstrusely, adv. oku-fukaku ; oku- 
yukashiku; dmyo ni. 

Abstruseiiess, n. dmyo ; shin-i ; 
also equiv. of Abstruse foil, by koto. 

Absurd, a. tondemonai ; bakarashii ; 
tsumaranai ; rachi mo れ/ xi ; fujon 
(不 條理) れ<* ; (false) kyomo (虛妄 ) no ; 
kotan-mukei (謊誕 無 舎) no; (laugli- 
able) okashii; haka na ; loarau-beki. 

Absurdity, n. kyomo ; koto (统 唐) ; 
also eqniv. of Absurd, foil, by koto. 

Hosted by Google 


[ 7 ] 


Absurdly, adv. hakarashiku ; oka-, 
shiku ; haJca ni ; kyomo ni ; fuj&ri ni. 

Abundance, n. takusan (テ舉 山) ; 
dossari ; tappuri ; juntaku (潤 ; 
hojo (璧饒 ) ; yutaka ; tcmto. 

Abundant, a. oi ; obitadashii ; ta- 
kusan no ; jubun na ; dossari na ; 
jv/ntaku na ; tappuri shita ; (of har- 
vest, etc.) yutaka na ; hojo na. 

an harvest, hbsaku (豐 作). 

an year, hbnen (豐 年). 

to be , takusan aru ; dossari. 

aru ; tappu7i aru. 

Abunclan tly, adv. dossari ; taku- 
san ni ; jHhun ni ; tanto ; yutaka ni ; 
nojo ni ; tappuri ; yohodo. 

Abuse, t.v. (impose on) hadzukashi- 
me-ru ; (misuse) ranyo (濫用) s ; so- 
matsu (粗末) ni tsukau ; (revile) 
nonoshiru ; waruku iu ; ni/akko (惡ロ j 
ICO iu ; wo/akko (惡 P) s ; nojwaru- 
kuehi wo iu ; hari 罵詈 j s. 

to a woman, onna wo gdkan 

(5 虽為) s, or hadzukashime-ru. 

to the confidence of a 

iriend, tomoaachi no shinyo (fg 
用) wo liadzukashime-ru. 

Abuse, n. (corrupt practice) akuhei 
(惡 弊); heigai (弊害) ; akushii (惡 習) ; 
(misuse) ranyo (濫用) ; (rude speecJi) 
hari (罵詈); akko (惡 口); waruku- 
chi ; akutai (惡 ; akugen (惡 言) ; 
nonoslnri ; (violation of a woman) 

s of the age, jihei (時弊). 

a long existing" , kyfihei (舊 


Abusive, a. (rude) kuchi no icarui ; 
warukuchi na ; bari no. 

language, akko ; waru- 

to be , akko wo iu ; nono- 

Abusively, adv. kuchi waruku ; hart 
shite ; nonoshitte. 

Abusiveness, n. hari (罵 管) ; aJcJcd 
(惡 口); akutai (惡沐 ); akugen a 
W) ; kuchi no warui koto. 

Abut, t.v. tsuku ; sessuru ; sakai s. 

Abutment, n. (of a bridge) Mshi- 

Acacia, n. see jDHimosa. 
Academy, n. (school) gakko (學 校) ; 
gakudd (學 堂). 

military , rikugiin-sMkwan- 

gakko (陸軍 士官 學 校). 

naval , Jcaigun-heigakkd (海 

軍兵 學 咬). 

of music, ongaku-aakfco (音 


Academic, a. a purely dis- 
cussion, taJcvjd (卓上) no giron 

Academicals, n. seifuku (正 H). 
Acan t liopan ax, n. (a. ricinifolium) 

harigiri ; hbdara ; (a. spinosum) 


Accede, i.v. dol (同意) s; shochi (承 
知) s ; shodaku (承 讀) s. 

to to, (a con マ en は on) nijlca- 

mel (力 B 盟) 5 ; (a request), wojkiki- 
ire'Tu ; wojire'ru. 

to to the throne, kurai ni 

tsuku, or nob or u ; sokui (即位) s. 

Accelerate, t.v. (expedited, haka- 
dorase-ru ; isogase'Tu ; unagasu ; (of 
speed), nojsokudo (逮 度) wo masu ; 

to "be ed, hakadoru ; (of 

speed) sokudo ga hayamete oru. 

Acceleration, n. (of velocity), zen- 
kasoku (漸カ U 速) ; kasokudo (力 H 速度) • 

Accent, n. (in speaking a foreign 
language) hatsuon (發 音) ; (manner 
of speaking) hanashi-kata ; (mark) 
yokuyd (抑揚) nofugd (符合) ; (modu- 
lation) hatsuon no yokuyd ; (rhetori- 
cal) goclid (語 ft'il) ; (stress) tsuyomi. 

Accent, t.y. (a syllable) wojisuyoku 
iu ; nil tsuyomi loo tsuke-ru. 

Accentuate, t.v. (make prominent) 
teomo ni s ; (mark accent) nijhatsuon 
no shirushi wo tsukc'ru. 

to be d (become serious), 

teomo ni naru. 

Accept, t.v. (a bill of exchange) 
nojshiharai ico shonin (承認) s, or 
shodaku (承 諧) s ; wolhiJci-uke'ru ; 
(a favour or present) morau ; ita- 
daku ; choclai (項 戴) s ; jund (受納) 
s ; iike-osame-ru ; [said of one's 
self] ; like kudasaru ; o osame ku- 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


C 8 ] 


dasaru ; go juno kudasaru ; [said of 
another] ; (consent) shochi {7^^) s ; 
shodaku (承 諸) s ; shoin (承 弓 |) s : 
(take cognizance of) juri (受 3^) s. 

to an invitation, shotai 

(招待) ni dji-ru. 

to as true, honto (本 寧) ni s. 

to office, shoku ni tsuku. 

to the responsibility of, 


Acceptable, a. H ni iru yo (欉) na 
[lit. of such a sort as is agreeaole] ; 
teki-i (適 意) no, 

a most thing (proy.), ai- 

ta-kuehi m ooi;a~momi. 

he will find that very , 

sazo yorokobimastio [lit. he is sure 
to be glad] . • 

Acceptation, n. imi ; jigi (字義). 

Acceptance, n. (of a bill of ex- 
change) hiki-uke ; shi-harai no sho- 
nin, or shodaku ; (of a present offer- 
ed to another) go juno ; o uke ; o 
osame ; (of a present received from 
another) morau koto ; chodai ; ita- 
daku koto ; juno ; juryo ; hairyo ; 
[the last, from one's feudal lord] ; 
(of a proposition) shochi ; shoaaku ; 
stiom (^gl) ; ukegai ; (of a respon- 
sibility) hiki-uke ; (of terms) uke. 

non (of a bill of exchange), 

sh'ihirai no fushonin (不承 f 忍), or 
fushbdaku (不; ^^). 

Access, n. (addition) zdka (增 加); 
(paroxysm) hossa (發 fjs). 
there is no to that place, 

asuko made yukiyo ga nai. 

to have ...... to, (a person) ni/ 

menkwai (面 肯) ga deki-ru ; (a 
place) nijdehairi ga deki-ru ; nij 
shutsunyu (出入) ga deki-ru ; (a 
work of reference) wojchbsa (調 ま) 
s, or shirdberu, koto ga deki-ru. 

Accessibility, n. (of a person) chi- 
kadzuki-yasui koto. 

Accessible, a. (of a person) ai- 
yasui ; chikadzuki-yasui ; menkwai 
(面き) shi-yasui ; (of a place) deha 
no ii ; deyasui. 

he is always , itsu maitte 

mo jiki ni atte kure-ru. 

Accession, n. (increase) mka (增 
力 n) ; (to a confederacy) kamei (加 J^) ; 
(to the throne) sokui (jifl 位); senso 

(踐祚 )• ^ 

of Jimmu Tenno (festival 

on Feb. 11), kigensetsu (ま已 元 節). 

Accessory, n. dobbsha (同 謀 者) ; 
juhannin [^ざ [1 人) [Cr. Co.]; jnhansha 
(從犯 者) [Cr.Co.]; ま (加 擔 人); 

adrui (同類); (a thing added) fuzoku- 
hin mi^nu) ; tsukimono. 
Accessory, a. {added) fuzoku no. 
Accident, n. (disaster) jihen (事 彎、) ; 
(injury) kega ('I 暴 我) ; (something 
unforeseen) igioai (意 夕 卜) no koto ; 
dekigoto ; gilzen (f^ 然 j no koto; 
(unintentional act) soso (粗相) ; ma- 
chigai ; tsui shita koto ; (uninten- 
tional but due to carelessness) kwa- 
shitsu (過失), 
a meritorious deed done by 

, kega no kbmyb (功名). 

railway , tetsiidd-jihen (鐵道 

事 ; tetsudd no dekigoto, 
witjtiout ....... buji (無事) ni ; 

Accidental, a. (done by accident) 
furyo (不慮) no ; gilzen ({^ 然) no; 
futo (木 圖) shita ; fu-i {^M) wo; 
igwai {MM no. 
fire, sosohi. 

homicide, kwashitsu-satsu- 

jin (過失 殺人). 
Accidentally, adv. (unexpectedly) 
fu-i ni ; hakaradzu ; guzen ni ; futo ; 
furyo ni ; igwai ni ; (unintentionally) 

it was done quite , mattaku 

soso de gozaimashita. 
Acclamation, n. kassai (喝' お; 

shosan (稱, 養). 
Acclimatization, n. fado (風土) 

ni narasu koto. 
Acclimatize, t.v. fado ni nirasu. 

Acclimatized, a. fado nl nareta ; 
jiko ni nareta. 

to "become , jiko ni nare-ru ; 

jiko ni narete kuru ; fiido ni 

Acclivity, n. saka ; shahan (斜 坂), 
steep , kyuzaka. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 9 ] 


Accommodate タ t.v. (consult the 
, convenience of) nofbmri (便禾 Ij) wo 
hakaru ; (furnisli) yodatsu ; yoda- 
te-ru ; tsugo 合) shite yaru. 
can you. -. -. me with a room, 
hey a wo yoaaierareru ka. 

to differences, naka-naori 

wo s ; walmi (和解) 5 ; waboku (和 

m) s. 

to one's self to circum- 
stances, ki (機) ni yiozomi hen (變) 
ni dji-ru ; rinki-dhen (臨: 幾 應變) no 
shochi (^置) wo s. ' 

Accomiiiodatiiig", a. sewa-dzuki 
na ; (in a good sense) shinsetsu (锐 
切) na. 

AcconimodatioiJ, n. (conveni- 
ences) hengl (便宜); (financial) Jcin- 
yu (金高お) ; (rooms) ma ; (space) 
hasho (場所). 

bill, yiidzu-tegata (gill. 通 手形), 

amount of (rooms), ma- 


as a matter of , hengi (便 直) 

no tame ni. 

can you give me for to- 

nig-lit ? honya wa tomete oku koto 
ga clekiru ka. 

range cf (optics), chosetsu- 

kwdJcei (調節 廣經 ). . 

there is no left (in an inn), 

fusagatte oru ; akima ga nciL 

Accompaniment^ n. (musical) 
hayashi ; (subordinate parts in a 
Japanese orcliestra) waki-jamism ', 
(subordinate parts in singing) vnki- 
utae ; loaki-sln ; (to a principal thing) 
fuzoku-hutsu (附屬 物). 

Accompany, t.v. ni/dddd (同道) s ; 

ni/ddJcd (同 ゃ亍) s; ni/ddhan s ; 

to issho ni tku, or mairu ; toftsu- 
. redatsu ; (departing friend) wo mi- 

okuru ; (royalty) nilbaljil (陪從 ) s ; 

nijgyhu (供 寧) s. 

please Mr. J. to the door, 

chottb J kun ico deguchi made o 
mi-okuri wo shite ageyo. 

documents ing* a letter, 

tegami ni soete aru shorui ( 書類), 
to an army (as non-com- 

batant), jiigun (從 拿) s. 

to a present by a letter, 

okuri-mono ni tegami wo soe-ru. 

to "be ied by (a person), 

woldbhan s. 

to send ied by a transla- 
tion, yakubun (譯 文) wo soete 

[Polite expressions to be used to 
another are go dodo (御 同道) itashi- 
masu ; o tomo itashimasu ; no issho 
ni mairimasu]. 

Accompanyist, n. (subordinates in 
a Japanese orchestra) waki-jamism- 
hiki. [The hiki is generally drop- 

Accomplice, n. dorui (同類) ; (in 
crime) dohansha (罔 犯 者) ; kybhosha 
(共謀者) ; kyohansha (共氾 者) ; ren- 
ruisha (連:! 杏); jilhansha (從犯 者) 
[Cr. Co.]. 

Accomplish, t.v. (complete inten- 
tion or work) toge-ru ; shi-toge-ru ; 
hatasu ; sumasu ; (intention) jo/w (js^ 
就) .9 ; [of manual work only) shi- 

to one's object, i (意) wo to- 
ge-ru ; mokutelci (目 も,) wo tassxiru. 

to Ibe ed, (fiDished) sumu ; 

(of an intention) jbju s ; (of a work, 
not manual) selkd は 功) s ; (of 
worK) deki-agaru ; sM-agaru, 

Accomplished, a. tagei (多 藝) in ; 
tanb (多能) na ; gei (藝) no arit ; sai- 
gaku (才 1^) no aru. 

an musician, ongaku (き 樂) 

ni jukutatsu (熟達) shite oru hito. 

an person, nosha (能 者). 

an scholar, hakugaJcusha 

(醇學 者). 

an tliief, doroho no meijin 

(名 八). 

Accoinplishmenf, n. C acquired 
talent) gei (藝 ) ; saind (才能); gigei 
(技. 藝); (act of) eqniv. of Accom- 
plish foil, by koto ; (completion) 
shuttai (出 來); joju (成就); i comple- 
tion of an imdertaiang) selkd (成 

light s, yilgei 《遊 藝). 

the of his work gave him 

great satisfaction, ano hito wa 
shigoto ga joju itashita no de di ni 
manzoku (滿 iil) shtta. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 10 ] 


Accord, n. (concord) wago ($0^) ; 
(music) do-on (同音); (opinion) ao-i 
• (同意)' 

of its own , shizen (自然) れ i ; 

jineii (自然) ni; Mton-de ni ; ono- 
dzu-to ; onodzukara. 

of one's own , dzui-i (隨 意) 

ni ; jihun-gatte ni ; kimama ni ; kat- 
te ni ; (on one's own initiative) 
midzukara susunde. 

of your own , (polite) go 

katte ni tsuki. 

to "be in with, (another's 

views), tojiken (意見) ga fugo (符 き) 
s ; to liken ga itchi (一致) s ; toldd-i 
(同意) s. 

Accord, i.Y. (agree) wago (和合) s; 
au ; itchi s ; (correspond) fugo s ; 
(suit with) tsuri-au ; telcito (適 
當) s. 

to with reason, ri ni au ; 

dori (道理) ni kanau. . 

Accordance, n. (concord) wago ; 
(conformity ) /uf/o ; (of opinion) do-i. 

in with, ni shitagaite ; ni 


in with, my promise to 

you, o yalcusoku dori (御 i 勺 束 通 V ) 

is in with the Treaty, 

jdyaku ni shltagaiie iru ; joyalcu 
(條 約) dori da. 

is not in with the Treaty, 

jdyaku ni somuite on/, or tagatte 

Accordingly, adv. (consequently) 
yotte ; sore yue ni ; shitagatte ; sono 
yue ni ; da kara ; sore da Icara ; so 
shita tokoro de ; soko de. 

to inform a person (in that 

sense), hiio ni sono mune, or omo- 
muki, wo shirase-ru. 
According" to, ni wa ; ni yotte ; ni 
. shitagatte ; ni yoru toki wa ; shi- 
dai; as, 

what this person says, 

kono hito no hanashi ni wa, ni 
yoru toki ni wa, or ni yoreha. 

'. circumstances , jigi (時宜) 

ni yotte ; shidai (次第) .ni yoreba ; 
koto ni yotte ; moyd-shidai (模 樣;^ 
. 第); (foil, by an expr. of doubt) 
koto ni yoru io. 

one's .desire, kokoro shidau 

the amount of money it 

costs, kane-daka shidai. : 

that is circumstances y 

sore wa tsugo (都合) shidai desu. 

Accordion, n.fukin (風琴). 
Accost, t.Y. nllhanashi-kaice-ru. 
Accouchement, n. humben (分 娘) r 

shussan (出 產) ; shussho (出生 j. 
Accoucheur, n. sankwa-i (產科 醫). 
Accoucheuse, n. sarriba (產 婆). 
Account, i.v. to for, nolriyu 

(理由) wo toku ; nolkotowake wo iu. 

to be unable to for, wajwa- 

ice ga wakaranaL 

Account, t.v. to I sum ; tojomou. 
to "be ed for, wakaru. 

Account, n. (bill) kanjb (勘定) ; 
kwaikei (會 計) ; tsuke [last term used 
at restaurants] ; (news) tayori ; sho- 
soku (消,, 宿、) ; (of a company, etc.) kei- 
san (計算) [Com. Co.] ; (reason) riyic 
(理由); wake ; shidai ; (report) mo- 
shi-tate ; hokoku ; (spoken narrative) 
shisal if^M) ; iware ; hanashi ; mo- 
nogatari ; (written bill) kanjogaki {^j 

. 定 書); keisansho (計 ま 事); (written 
narrative) Jciji (記事) ; kiroku (記 錄) ; 
shimatsugaki (始余 書) ; (written re - 
port) mdsnitaie-sno ; hokokusho (報告 

current, toza-adzwce (當迹 ft レ 

according' to latest s, sai- 

kin (最近) no tayori de. 

a man of no , yaku ni lata- 

nai hito. 

balance of an , Jcanjo m)' 


bank , ginko-kanjo (銀行 g/j= 


deposit , teiki-adzufce (定期 

預 )• 

it is of no (unimportant), 

tsumaranai koto desu ; nan' de mo 
mi koto da ; sasai (J^^ffl) na Jcoto 

on of, no tame ni ; ni yotte. 

on all s, do shite miie mo ; 

doko kara mite mo. 

on joint , nori-ai ae. 

on my , watakushi no fame 


Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 11 ] 


on no (positively not), kes- 

shite ; do atte mo ; do shite mo ; 
[foil, by a verb in the neg.]. 

on this , kono yue ni ; kono 

wake de ; sore da kara ; migi no 
wake de. 

savings' bank , Jcoguchi- 

tbza (づ、 PI 當 MO; chochiku-adzuke 
(貯蓄 預レ 

statement of , keisansho (ff 

m) [CiY. Co.]. 

that s for it, sore ja, sono 

make, or hadzu, da, 

t o add up the total of an , 

kanjo wo shime-ru. 

to call to , kensekl s. 

to close an , iori-hiki ico 


to enter an , kanjo wo toroku 

(^^) s, or kaki-nose-ru. 

to give an of, no I shidai wo 


to hold of no , mono no ka- 

dzu to mo omowanai. 

to leave out of , dogwai 

(/'突 外) Oku. 

to make up an , kxnjd 

ICO s. 

to open an , kanjo wo 


to overdraw an , kwafurl- 

dasM (過 振 出) s. 

to pay into , kanjo ni hami- 


to pay on cf another, tate- 


to place to one's ....... Icumi- 


to receive payment of an , 

kanjo wo ukdoTu. 

to settle an , (make up) kes- 

san (結 算) s ; (pay) kanjd wo 

to take of stock, tanaoro- 

shi ICO s. 

to transfer from current 

to deposit, toza kanjo yori teiki- 
adzuke nifuri-kae-ru. 

to turn to , riyd mjU) s. 

to write up one's , chomen 

(帳 面) ICO tsuice-ru. 

Accountability, n. seme ; hiki- 
uke ; sekinin 

to, nil laiskiie sekinin no an" 

AccouDtable, a. he is not ...... 

for Ins actions, ano hito wa jihun 
no shogyd (所業) ni tsuUe seme wo- 
ou hodo no hito de wa nai. . 

vrho is for this ? kore wa 

dare no hiki uke da ; /core wa dare^ 
no kakari, or sekinin, da. 

who is for this offence ? 

ko7,e wa dare no tsumi ni nam no 
da ; kono tsumi wa dare ni ki (歸 )' 
sum ka. ' 

Accountant, d. hwaikei-kata (會計 
方)'; kwaikei-gakari ; kanjo-kata (pj 
; (in Army) gunri (軍 吏) ; (in 
Nayy) shukei (主計). ' 

bureau {in Treasury), smtd- 

お (出納 局). 

Account-book, n. kwaikeicho (會 
計 帳) ; kwaikeibo (會 計簿) ; ciiomen 

一 (帳面); kanjocho (勘定 帳); chobo (ijig 
fB) ; deirichd (出入 帳); suitdcho (出 
ま 内 帳) ; (of small expenses) kodzukai- 

Account-sales, n. uriage-shikiri- 


Accoutrements, n. gunso (軍装) ; 
gunki (軍器). 

Accredit, t.v. niynmei (任命) s ; nin- 
ji'Tu ; meizuru. 

ed to the Japanese Court,. 

Nihon-chusatsiL ( B 本 馬主;^ J) no. 
Accrue, t.v. (arise) deld-ru ; shoji-ru ; 
(increase) /we-ni ; oku naru ; (obtain) 

the interest ...... ing* year by- 
year, maitoshi tsuku rishi ; nen- 
nen toreru risoku (fdj^g,). 

Accumulate, t.v. (amass) tame-ru 3 
tsumi-kasane'TU ; chikuzai (蓄財) s 5 
tsumi-age'ru ; tsumu ; takuwae-ru ;. 
(collect) atsume'ru. 

Accumulate, i.v. tamaru ; tamatte- 
Icuru ; 《ひ isefci (堆積) s ; (of . stores) 
yotte kuru. 

Accumulation, n. talseki.; tsumi— 
kasane ; tsumi-age ; (act of, intrans.) 
tamaru koto. 

Accumulative, a.v. Accumulate^ 

supra, verb used as adj. 

Accuracy, n. seikaku (精 確) ; mem- 
mitsu (あや 1 密) ; seimitsu 密). 

Hosted byLjOOQle 

[ 12 ] 



Accurate, a. (correct) tadashii ; ma- 
chigai no nai ; (detailed)5Aosai (詳細) 
na ; (minute) seimitsu na ; memmitsu 
na ; seikaku na. 

Accurately, adv. macMgai naku ; 
tadashiku ; (minutely) seimitsu ni ; 
memmitsu ni ; komaka ni ; kuwashi- 
ku ; (carefully) nen wo irete. 

Accusation, n. (act of) kokuhatsu 
(告 f ま); hokuso (告 gip) ; uttae ; (charge) 
zaijd (罪状) ; (in ordinary parlance) 
kitsumn (詰! 8)' 

Accuse, t.v. (in ordinary parlauce) 
seme-ru ; kitsunan s ; (leg.) kokuha- 
tsu s ; Jcokuso s. 
to falsely, hukoku (き 告) s. 

Accuser, n. (in ordinary parlance) 
Jcitsunansha (詰 Ifl 者) ; dangaisfia (彈 
劾 者) ; (legal) koicuhatsusha (告發 者) ; 
kokusonin (卑 訴人); genlcoku ; gen- 
kokunin (原告 人). 
Accused, n. (legal) hlkoku ; h 動 ku- 

ま (被告人). , 
Accustom, t.v. narasu. 

to become ed to, ni'lmre'ru. 

[When followed by a verb in Eng. 
nare'ru is com pounded with the 
indef. form of the Japanese verb, 

as, to tecome edto eat, tahe- 

nareru ; to become ed to 

live, i-nareru. Tsuke-ru is often 
used for nare'ru, as, to become 

ed to do, shi-tsuke-ru ; to 

become ed to hear, kiki- 

tsuke-ru] . 
Ace, n. pin ; liiiotsu. 
Acerbity, n. (of taste) shibimi ; ni- 

gami ; (of -temper) kokuhaku {MM)- 
Acer Biiergerianum, mitsude 

Acetate, n. sikusan-m (@ 告酸觀 ). 
of lead, entb (錯 糖). 

Acetic acid, saJmsan. 

Aclie, i.Y. itamu ; (of throbbing pain) 
chikuchiku itamu. [The adj. itai 
(painful) is oftener used than the 

Aclie, n. itatni ; tutsu (疼痛). 

head , dzutsii {MM)- 

stomach , fukutsu (腹痛). 

tooth , ha-itami ; shitsu (齒 


[Hara ga Uai is the most common 
expression for to have a sto- 
mach-ache] . 

Achieve, t.v. toge-ru ; shi-toge-ru ; 
hatasu ; shidse'ra ; (of a scheme only) 

joju (成就) .9. 

Acliievcment, n. (act of) equiv. 
of Achieve foil, by koto ; (of an 
object) Seiko (成功); joju ; (of other 
deeds) kdseki ; tegara ; kbrb (功 勞) ; 
kb ; (of valour) hukd (fli; 功) ; 
kunrd ま 勞) ; kunko ( 勳 功). 

Achilles' tendon, aldrisu-suji. 

Achromatic, a. mushoku (jjH 色) no. 

Acid, a. sui ; suppai ; sammi l^^) 
710 aru. 

to have an taste, sammi 

wo oM'nL 

Acid, n. san (き 

acetic , sakusan (醋 i§,. 

carbolic , sekitansan (石炭 


carbonic , trmsm (炭酸). 

citric , kuensan (构 酸 j. 

hydrochloric .;...., ensan i 驢 酸). 

nitric , shosan (5&酸)' 

phosphoric , rinsan (憐 酸). 

sulpfi-uric , ryiisan (^酸). 

tartaric , shusekisan (酒 石 


Acidification, n. sanJcwa (酸化). 
Acidify, t.v. suppaku s ; suJcu s ; 
(chem.) sankwa sase-ru. 

Acidity 5 n. sammi ; shihumi ; sumi. 
to suffer from of the sto- 
mach, ioa]mune ga yake-ru. 

Ac knowledge, t.v. (a child) nin- 
chi (pi 知) s ; (admit) ; 
shdchi s ; shonin (承認) s ; 

(confess) hakujd (白 狀) s ; zange (懺 
悔) s. 

to a deed, f executed by an- 

other), shdicen (證券) wa kakujitsu 
da to Icdnin (公認) s; (ex- 
ecuted by one's self) jibun { 自 分) 
no shdicen dee to shonin (7|^| 忍) s. 
to a fault, tsumi ni fuku 

m) s. 

to a favour, on wo sha 

{^]) s ; rel (蕴) wo mosu. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 13 ] 


to an error, ayamari wo 


to the receipt of, no uketori 

wo s. 

to the superiority of, 

. ni/ichimoku (一 目 ) oite oi'u. 

Acknowledgment, n. (admis- 
sion) shoe れ I ; shonin ; mitome ; (con- 
fession) hakujd ; zange ; (of a 
child) nincM ; ( receipt j iiketori ; 
ゆ hanks) reisha (禮 謝). 

in of a present, henrei (返 


Acme, n. kyokutan (極端) ; kiwa- 
mctri ; itari ; (med.) kyokudo (極度); 

Acne, n. nikibi ; jakuhan (雀斑). 

Acolyte, n. (Buddhist) ko-ooazu ; 

Aconite, n. kahufoglku ; torikabuto. 
Acorn, n. donguri ; Icashi no mi. 
sweet , shu no mi. 

Acoustic, a. chokwan 管) no. 

nerve, choshinkel l 聽绅經 ). 

Acoiistics, n. chogaJm ; onkydgaku 
(籠 學). 

Acquaint, t.v. nilshirase-ru ; nlltsu- 
chi (通知) s ; nilnoji'Vu ; ni/tsuge-ru ; 
(polite) ni / mdshi-kike'ru ; ni/o shirase 
mosu ; m I moshi~age'ru. 

to be ed (of two persons), 

shir' い ai de aru. 

to be ed with, (a branch of 

knowledge) wo Ikokoroete oru ; gaj 
dek'i'ru ; (a language) niltsiiji'Tu ; (a 
person) wolshitte oru. 
to become ed with, (a per- 
son) to I chikadzuki ni nam ; ni/ko- 
koroyasuku narii ; (learn for the 
first time) hajimeie shiru. 

to "be well ed with, (a 

branch of knowledge), nijakaruiy 
or kuwashu, ae aru. 

widely ed, kosai (交際) no 


Acquaintan ce, n. (intimacy) sM - 
tashimi ; najimi ; (well known per- 
son) kokoroyasui hito ; ch^jin (知 入); 
child ; shiri-ai. 
a mere , shin-bito. 

a person wren a large , ko- 
sai (交際) no hiroi hito. 

I have no , with, him, ano- 

hiio ni wa menshiki (面!^) ga nal 

Acquaiutancesbip, n. (close) 
shimboku (親睦); kon- i (懇意); chi- 
kadzuki ; jukkon (熱 懇); shitashimi ;- 
najimi. 、 

Acquiesce, i.v. (agree) Uchi (一致)' 
s ; shbchi (:^ 知) s ; nattoku (納 f#) s ; 
(be resigned to) akirame'ru ; omoi- 
kiru ; dannen (斷 念) s ; (agree wil- 
lingly) manzoku (f^ お) s. 

to in (sulDinit to), nljshita- 

gau; ni/fukujii (月 R_ 從) s. 

to in everyttung" (said by 

another), ii-narl nodai ni naru. 

Acquiescence, n. (agreement jsTio- 
chi ; Uchi ; (silent assent) mokuju 
(默從 ) ; (submission) kakugo (覺 悟) ; 
f—n (服 從). 
Acquire, t.v. (gain, as money) mo- 
ke-ru ; (obtain) e-?'w ; (purchase) mo- 
iome-ru ; (a right) shutoku (取得) s 
. [Civ. Co.]. 

s a greater importance, 

hito-kiw2 omoku naru. 

to by purchase, kai-uke-ru. 

to ...... by transfer, yudzuri- 


to knowledge of, wojosa- 


Acquirements, n. (personal at- 
tainments) saigei (才 ; geind (藝 

Acciuisition, n. (act of) shuiokw 
(取得) ; also equiv. of Acquire foil, 
by koto. 

Acquisitiveness, n. sharishin (|t 
利 心) ; yokushin (愁 心) ; donyoku (食 

Acquit, t.v. yurusu ; Imnen (放免) s ; 
shamen (p^f^) s ; menso s 
[Cr. Pro.]. 
Acquittal, n. shamen ; homen ; (leg.) 
muzai-hdmen (無罪 放免) ; menso (免 
[Cr.Pro.]. . 

and disch.arge, muzai- 


judgment of , menso no ii- 


Hosted by Goo ヌ k 


[ 14 ] 


Acquittance, n. (receipt) uketori- 

Acrid, a. karai ; nigal 

^crimpn ious, a. (of one person 
. speaking of another) niga-nigashii 
doku-dokushii ; fcofcw んひ few (亥1】薄)?20 
(of two people disputing) hageshii 
gekiretsu (gljiJi) na, 

Acrimoniously, adv. niga-nigashi- 
ku ; doku-dokiLshiJcu ; kokuhaku ni ; 
. hageshiku ; gekiretsu ni. 

Acrimony, n. koknretsu (酷烈) ; ひ e- 
kiretsu ; nigami ; kokuhaku. 

Acrobat, n. karuwaza-shi. 

-Acrobatic, a feats, karu- 

- loaza. 

J\.crosS, prep, (over) goshi ni ; no 
' muko ni. 

the mountains, yamagoshi 

ni, ' 

to come ......, (light on) ni/mi- 

ataru ; (a person) nilde-au ; as, 

have you yet come that 

passage in the Analects of 
Confucius ? ano 1m wo mo rongo 
。 de mi-atari ni narimashiia ka. 

I came Mr. N, unexpect- 
edly the other day, senjitsu N 
kun ni zonjiyoradzu de-aimashita. 

to go , no I muko e iku. 

t ひ jump , wo /jtohi-koe-ru, 

to look , wolmi-watasu. 

to run : (a bridge), icojkalce- 

to shout the hedg-e, kaki- 

■ ne goslii ni koe wo kake-ru. 

to throw a bridge a river, 

kawa ni hashi wo kaJce'ru. 
to walk , wo/wataru. 

Across, adv. yoko ni. 

• the distance , sashi-watashi ; 

chokkei (直 徑). 

to tie and , juji (十字) 

ni iwae-ru. 

Act, n. . (behaviour) koi (行 爲) ; oko- 
nai ; dosa (ifif^) ; (deed), shpjcam ; 

- shogyb (所業);: (legal) kbi (行 爲) [Civ. 
Co., Civ. Pro.] ; (of a play being 

- ; performed) maku ; (of a printed play) 
dan (段) ; (of parliament) horei 

令).; horiisu (法律); olcUe. ; (scene, 
fig.) danraku (まま). 

: of god, tensai (^.^) [Cr. 

Co.] ; fukahbryoku (不 奇抗 力) ; 

tempen-jisai (天變 地災) ;- temwen- 

cMi (天變 地異). 
S (as opp. to words), ofco- 

nai. ' 

in the : of, (foil, by a verbal 

noun and another sentence in 
which the agent is the same) expr. 
by hydshi ni, tot an ni, or hadzumi 
ni following the present indie. ; as, 

I was in the of drinking 

when I dropped the wine- 
g'lass, nomu hydshi ni sakadzuJci 
wo otoshimashita ; (foil, by a verbal 
noun and another sentence in 
which the agent is different) e?:pr. 
by kakatia tokoro, affixed to the 
indef. form of an intrans. verb, or, 
kaketa told ni, affixed to the indef. 
form of a trans, verb ; as, I was 

in the of falling* into the 

river when Mr. W. caug-lit 
hold of me, watukushi ga kawa 
e ochi-kakatta tokoro wo W. San 

ga osaeia ; I was in the of 

drinking when your brother 
came into the room, nomi-kake- 
ta tolci ni go kybdai 'ga hey a e 
haitie Jcita. 

one of the Chinese inci- 
dent is closed, Shinkoku-jiken 
('? ^國 事件) 藝 ichi danraku (段落) 
wo isugeta. 

the s of the Apostles, shito- 

Sr2/5(?m (使徒 行 傳). 一 

Act, i.Y. (behave) not expr. in Japa- 
nese by a "verb but by a noun ; v. 
- Action ; (be ot • effect) hiku ; loa] 
. kikime ga am ; (hold actio g appoint- 
. ment) dairi (ま 理) wo s ; (per- 
form an action) sum ; yattsuke'Vu ; 
[vulg.] ; (perforin, as an actor) yaku 
(殺) wo.s. 
to へ…. towards, nilshimuke* 
ru. ■■• 

to up to a promise, yaku- 

. soku (糸 勺 束) wo shi-tog'e'ru, or riko 
(履行) , • ^ 

to wrong-ly, is expr. toy 

tlie negative of iki-todoku, or of 

Hosted by 




[ 15 ] 


Act, t.v. (a part on the stage) tsuto- 
me'ru ; no/yaku wo s ; (counter- 
teit) mane-ru. 

to the fool, gujin ('愚、 人), 

or haka, nomane wo s. 

Acting", a. (taking tlie place of) 
. in compounds ― dairi (代理) affixed ; 

consul, rydji-dairl (領事 


manager,. 57ii/iai?im-dairi (支 

配 人 代理). 
Acting", n. (theatrical) shluchi, 

Actinidia polygania, mata-tahi. 

Action, n. (at law) sosho (llffS) ; 
[Civ. Pro.] ; kuji (< ^事); (battle) 
senso (戰爭 ) ; kassen ( ; kosen 

- (交 戰) ; (conduct) hoi (行 爲) ; gyojo 
〈行 狀); kyodd (擧 動); shoi (所 爲); 
okonai ; furumai ; (conduct towaras 

- another iDersoii) shi-muke ; (ges- 
tures, etc.) miburi ; taido (態度) ; 

, . (in art) iJcioi ; taido (態度) ; (manner 
of dealing with a case) shobun (處 

- 分) ; shochi (處 匱) ; (mode of action, 
of a person) snochi-bun ; (of a horse) 
agaki ; (working, of a tmng) hata- 

. raki. 

cliemical , kwagaku-sayo (化 

學 作用). 

men of , yiii (有 爲) no hito. 

private , shiso (私 ff) [Cr. 


public , koso (公!^) [Cr. 


right of 一… , saiken (債 權) [Civ. 

rocks are worn away by the 

of water, iwa ga midzu no 

. tame ni herlmasu. 

to be killed in , smshi 

(戰 死) s. 

to bring* an against, ni 

iaishite sosho (pfS) wo okosu ;. 
wol aiterdoru ; wo / uUae-ru. 

to clear for (man-of-war), 

sentd-gumbi (戰鬪 軍備) ico s. . 

( to commence (mil.), kaisen 

(開戦) s. 

to institute an , uttae wo 

okosu. [Civ. Pro.]. . 

く to take , shobun (處 分) wo 

s ; te wo kudasu. . 

united ....... kyddd-undo (共同 運 

, ,動) ; rengb-undo (聯合 運動). 

Actionable, a. uttaeru koto no ae- 
Iciru ; (criminal) Jciso no de- 


Active, a. (diligent in business) hen- 
kyo (勉 5 级) na ; (diligent in work) 
yoku hataraku ; (energetic, of action) 
kwatsudd-teki (活動的)? ^o; (nimble) 
hashikoi ; kwappatsu (f き 澄) na ; su- 
hashikoi ; (of brain) hinshb (^捷 ) 
na ; rihatsu (fijfg) 7ia ; (vigorous ) 
mame na ; tassha (達者) na ; jobu 
(丈^い . 

capital, ryfdsu-shihon (流通 

資本). • 

partner, gyomutantd-shain 

(業務 擔當社 鼓). 

verb, ん i (他動詞). 

voice, haiaraki-kalce ; nodb- 

能動 調). 

an officer on the list, gen- 
eJci-shokd (現役 將 校). _ 

to be (in organizing), 7iO?iso 

(奔走) ' 

to be on the list, zaie/dchii 

(在 ネ孚 中) de aru. 

while on service in the\ 

field, jugunchu fjfi )• 

Actively, adv. kwappatsu ni ; (dili- 
gently) henkyb (勉 S 虽) shite ; (of 
brain) hinshb ni ; kashikohu. 

Activiry, n. (motive power) kwaisu- 
dbryoku (活動力) ; (of body) kwap- 
patsu ; (of brain) Oinsho ', - rihatsu ; 
(opp. to passivity) kwatsudd. 

Actor, n. yakushi. (役者) ; fiaiyu (俳 
優). ' ' 

Actress, n. onna-yakusha ; jouil (女 

Actual, a. jitsu (j;) no ; shinjitsu 
(眞實 ) れ ; 観 kofo no ; hont5 (;4c 當) 
no ; jissai (g 際) no. 

condition, jikkyo (實 况) ; 

genjo (現状). 

cost, genka (原 債). 

the facts, jissai (S: 際) ; gem- 

ha no tohoro- 

Actuality, n. jiss:u ; jitsuji (貰 事) ; 
genjitsu (現 實). 

Hosted by Goo ヌ k 


[ 16 ] 


Actually, adv. jitsu ni ; makoto ni ; 
honto ni ; shinjitsu ni ; jissai ni ; (at 
the present time) gen (現) ni. 

Actuary, n. shubo ; ho7cen-tdkei-ga- 
kari (保險 統計 係). 

Actuate, t.v. being" d by- 
kindly feelings, shinsetsu-gi (魚 
切氣) de. 

to be ...... d by (in a bad sense), 

ni tsurare'TU. 

what can have d him to 

do such a thing ? do iu shozon 
(所存) anna koto wo shitan'dard. 

Acumen, n. toncM (Ig 智); hatsu- 
md (^明) ; somd (聰 S^) ; reiri (怜 

leg-al ....... hbritsu (法律) ni aha- 

rui koto ; hdritswjd no saichi (才 

Acupuncture, n. hari-ryoji ; shinji 

(針? 台) • 

doctor, hm-i. 

to apply , hari-ryoji s ; hari 

wo s ; hari wo utsu. 

Acute, a. (clever) surudoi ; kashikoi ; 
l)lnsh3 (敏捷) na ; reiri (怜 鄉 ^ ; 
rikd (fIJ 口) na; satoi ; sobin (聰敏 ) 
na ; hintatsu 達) na ; (of disease, 
opp. to chronic) kyusei no (急性) ; 
gekisei (象 IJ 性) no ; (of eye-sight) me 
no surudoi ; (of hearing) mimi-satoi ; 
(of pain) hidoi ; hageslm ; kitsui ; 
gekiretsu wa. 

' an accent, yb-onfu (揚 音符). 

an angle, eifcaku (鋭角). 

an , ang-lea triangle, ei- 

kaku-sankakkei (銳角 三角形). 

Acutely, adv. hidoku ; hageshiku ; 
kitsuku ; gekiretsu ni ; (with discri- 
mination) binsho (@:^) ni ; rikd (禾 IJ 
P ) 7ii ; satoku; hintatsu ni. 

Acilteness, n. (discrimination) Un- 
sho (敏 ji) ; reiri (怜悧 ) ; surudoi 
koto ; kibin (機敏) ; (of a disease) 
gekisho (劇 症) ; (of pain) gekiretsu. 

A.D., seireici (四 曆) ; kigengo (紀元後). 

Adage, n. kakugen (格言) ; kotowa- 
za ; kofjo (-占 語) ;' kingen (金言). 

Ad am ail n. kongdseki (金剛 ョ); 
kenseki (堅 石) ; tesseki (载 石). 

Aaapt, t.v. (make suitable) tekiio' 
sase-ru ; so-d (相 應) sase'ru. 
that man s himself to cir- 
cumstances, ano hito wa rinki- 
dhen (E^j^^.p) ni s. 

to to circumstances, mi ni 


to be ed for, mjau ; ni/tekito' 

de aru. 

to be ed to circumstances, 

ma ni au. 

to be ed to the purpose, 

yaku 7ii tatsu. 

Adaptability, n. au koto ; kanau 

Adaptable, a. nilau ; ni/kanau, 
to be , tekiyd sare'ru. 

Adaptation, n. oyd (Jiffl) ; (act of 
making suitable) ielciyd (j^/fl) suru 

Add, t.v. fuka (附 jtjn) .9 ; kuwae'ru ; 
(attach) soe-ru. 

to in writing, JcaJci-kuwa- 


to to, ni/fuyasu ; nijtasu ; 


to together, awase-ru. 

to up, shime'ru ; kanjo (勘定》 

s ; gdkei (合計) s. 
Addendum, furolcu (附錄 ) ; tsuika 

Adder, n. mamushi. 

AfldictecT, to be ...... to, ni/fu- ; ni/obore-ru. 

to be to wine, sake ico 


to become to vices, akuji 

(惡 事) れ i somani. 
Addictedness, n. fukeie oru koto ; 
oborete oru koto. 

Addition, n. (act of) equiv. of Add 
foil, by koto ; (in arith.) kaho (加法) ; 
yosezan ; kasan {hUM-) > (increase) 
2oJca (增 加). 

, subtraction, multiplica- 
tion, and division, kagen-jojo 
(加 戚乘 除). 

in (aggravation), amassae. 

in to, no hoka ni. 

in to this, kono ue ni ; Icom 

hoka ni. 

Hosted by Goo ヌ k 


[ 17 ] 


Additional, a. fuka (附カ U) no; 
(supplementary) tsuika (追加) no. 
[also expr. by sam ni or nao with 
appropriate verb]. 

guarantee money, mashi- 


penalty, fuka-kei (附加 刑). 

rule, fusoku (附則). 

Addled, a eg'g, kusaita tama- 

go ; (slightly) midareia tamago., t.v. (a letter) ate-ru ; (an 
assembly) ni/enzetsu (演說 ) s ; (speak 
to) nijii-kake-ru ; ni/ hanashi-kake-ru. 

ed. bill, ginko-shiharai-tegata. 

to (a letter) to, no/na-ate 

7ii s, 

to (an envelope), nojuwa gaki 

wo s ; no I na- ate wo kaku. 

Address, n. (discourse) enzetsu ; 
(manner of speaking) otai-huri ; 
(mental adroitness) hinwrm (敏腕) ; 
(of a letter) ate-na ; na-ate ; uwa- 
gaki ; (of a person) tokoro-gaki ; 
shukusho (宿所); (skill) takumi ; (tes- 
timonial) shotokuhyo (—德 表). 

book, jimmei-jushobo (人名 法 

所 簿). 

of congratulation, shukuji 

(視辭 ). 

...... of thanks, s/ ギ (霧). 

to the Throne, josoan (上 

奏 案). 

rude mode of , shiisurei (失 

鱧) na kojo (口上). 

the (reply to speech from 

Throne), cholcugo-hdtdan (勧 語 寧 答 
案). ■ 

Addressee, n. na-aie-nin ; iushin- 
nin (受 ri 人). 

Adduce, t.v. Uku ; age-ru ; inyo (^J 


Adclucible, a. agerareru ; hiku koto 
no dekiru. 

Adductor, n. tenkin (轉 筋). 

Adept, n.jukurensha (熟練者) ; iMsu- 
jm (達人); kurbto. 

to be an at, ni/jiikutatsu 

(熟達) shite oru. 

Adept, a. jukuren na ; tokui "导 意) 
na ; jodzu na. 

Adequate, n.jahun {^^) na ; teki- 
io (ft 當) れ 0; sod (相 應) no ; (satis- 
factory) manzo/of (滿 足) na. 

Adequacy, n. equiv. of Adequate 
foil, by koto. 

Adequately, adv. jiihun ni ; tekito- 

Adhere, t.v. kuttsuku ; hebari-tsu- 
; nebari-tsuku ; nenchaku (粘着) s. 

to to, (an opinion) ni/kodei 

(拘泥) s ; nijnadzumu ; ni/kori-ka- 
tamaru ; Jcoshu (固守) s ; kataku 
torn ; (a proposal) た os7m (固守) s; 
(a treaty) mjlcamei (加盟) s ; ni/fca- 
nyii (加入) .9. 

Adherence, n. (act of) equiv. of 
Adhere foil, by koto ; (to a treaty) 
ka-nyii ; kamei. 

to give in one's to, ? li/fca- 

nyu s. 

Adherent, n. mikata ; tdyo (翳 輿) ; 
fujusha (附從 者) (of a particular 
faith) sUnja (信者). 

immediate (political), jikU 

sansha (直参; #). 

Adhesion, n. (to a convention) ka- 
nyu ; kamei. 

Adhesive, a, nebaru ; nenchaku (粘 
着) sum ; kochaku (固着) suru. 

stamp, gomu no isuita kitte. 

very , nebari-tsuyoi. 

Adhesively, adv. nebatte. 
Adhesiveness, n. neharike ; new 

chakushitsu (粘着 質) ; nehari. 
Adieu, n. itomagoi, 

to bid , itomagoi wo s; wa- 

kare wo tsufje-ru. 

Adipose^ a. shibb (脂肪) no ; dburak- 

Adjacency, n. moyoH no koto ; chi, 
kaku natte oru koto ; (of a house) 
tonaru koto. 

Adjacent, a. moyorl no ; kinjo (近 
所) れ 0; chikai ; fukin (附近) no ; (of 
a house} tonari no. 

country, rimpo (隣邦) ; rin- 

goku (隣 國). 

house, rinka (隣家). 

prefecture, Jcinken (SS)- 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 

― ADJ 

province, ringoku 

to be to, nifsekkin {^)&) s. 

Adjectival, a. keiyoshijd (形容詞 狀) 

Adjective, n. kelyosU (形容詞). 
Afljectively, adv. keiyoshi to shite. 
Adjoin, t.v. (be contiguous to) ni/ 

Adjoin, i.Y. sessuru ; tonaru ; fu- 
kin s. 

Adjoining, a. sekJcin (接近) shite 
oru ; fulcin no ; (next door, of a 
house) tonari no. 

house, rinka (隣家). 

prefecture, rinken (隣 縣). 

province, ringoku 

Adjourn, t.v. nohasu ; noba shite 
oku ; no/hinohe wo s ; mi-awase-ru ; 
e れ fci (延期) s. 

to indefinitely, mukigen 

(無期限) れ"" お 《s. 

to be ed for want of a 

quorum, ryiikwai (流 會) 力 o mru. 
[Mi-awaseru by itself means to 
give up, and only when the date is 
fixed can it mean to adjourn ; 
as, shall we this till to- 
morrow, kore wa mydnichi (明 H ) 
made mi-awasemashoka. Kore ica 
mi-awasemasho ka means, " shall 
we give this up."] 

Adjourn, i.v. (disperse) sankwai (散 
會) 5; (of a meeting) enkwai (延會 ) s. 

Adjournment, n.. (dispersal of a 
raeeting) sankwai ; (of a meeting) 
enkwai ; (to a later date) enki ; hi- 

Adjudicate, t.v. sahaku ; saiban 
(裁判) s ; sa lcetsu (教决 ) s ; hanketsu 

- i 判夹) s ; saidan (裁 ま s ', shindan 
(審斷 ) s. 

-Adjudication! n. saiban ; sahaki ; 
saiketsu ; keitei (夾定 ) ; hanketsu ; 
shindan ; shinkoku (審告 ) ; (act of) 
equiv. of Adjudicate foil, by koto.. 

of bankruptcy, hasan-sen- 

koku (被產 宣告) [Com. Co., Civ. 
Co ふ 

Adjunct, n. fuzoku-huisu (附靂 物) ; 
tsukimono ; soe-mono ; (grammar) zo- 
fcw. タん M 屬詞) • 


Adjure, t.v. issUn-furan (一心 不亂) 
ni negau ; nesshin (f^i じ、) ni tanomu ; 
(command) rd/gemmd (ま 命) s. 

Adjust, t.v. (an affair) matome'TU ; 
chowa (調和) sase-ru ; no/kaia xco 
tsuke-ru ; (fit to) awase-ru ; (put in 
order) naosu ; nojguai. wo naosu ; 
seiton (整頓) s ; seiri (整理) s. 

to one's dress, emon wo 


to be ed, (differences) short 

(處理 ) s; (fit) au ; (of an affair) 
matomaru; ica]kata ga tsuku. 

Adjustable, a. to be , maiome- 

rare-ru ; wa]chbwa ga deki-ru ; wa'] 
Jcata ga tsukerare-ru ; ica]guai ga 
naosare-ru ; wa~]seiton ga deki-ru ; 
aicaserare-ru ; ica]seiri ga deJci'm, 

Afljustment, n. shUsel (修整) ;. set- 
7i ; seiion ; (act. of) equiv. of Adjust 
foil, by koto ; (of accounts) keisan 
(if^) ; (of a difference between in- 
dividuals) naka-naori ,• (of a differ- 
ence between states) short ; (of an 
affair) chowa. 

of finances, zaisei-seiri (財政 

convention for the peaceful 

of difierences, funso-hei- 

wateki-shori-jdyaku (j^ 華 平和的 處 
理條 約). 一 
Adjutant, n.fukukwan (副官). ― 

general, samfjo-sokan (蔘 


battalion , daiiai-jukukwan 

(大隊 副官). _ .7 T 7 

garrison , yosai-juku kwan 

(要塞 副官). 1 

regimental , rentai-fuku- 

kwan (聯隊 副官). 
Administer, t.v. ton-atsukau ; oko- 
nau ; kwanri (管理) s ; (govern) shi- 
hai (支配) s ; tokatsu (統轄) s ; (laws) 
shikkb (铁 行) s; (medicine) mma- 

to ...... a deceased estate, isan 

(遣 產) "^0 kwanri s. 

to a dose, ni/fukuyaku (JjR. 

藥) sase-ru. 

to an oath to, ni/seigen (誓 

言) wo tate-sase-ru ; ni/sensei (宣 
誓) wo sase-ru. 

[ 18 ] 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 19 ] 


Administration, n. (act of) eqiiiv. 
of Administer foil, by koto ; (go- 
vernment) gydsei (行政); (mode of 
government) shisel (j^j^) ; (of an 
estate) kwanri (管理) [Civ. Pro.] ; 
kwanzai (管財); (of laws) Mkko 

letters cf , kicanri-shosho 

(管理 證 書). 

Aflimiiistrative, a. kwanri suru ; 
sJdhai suru ; (of government) gyosei 

Court, gyosei'saihansho (行 

政 裁判所). 

Administrator, n. (of a bankrupt 
estate) hasan-Jc wanzainin (被產 管財 
人) ; (of a deceased estate) sentei- 
kwanzainin (選定 管財人). 

Administratorship, n. (of an 

estate) kwanrisha (管理者) no shoku ; 
. kwanzainin no yaku (^). 

Admirable, a. kansUn (惑 心) na; 
kampuku (惑 服) na ; (excellent) kekko 
(結 據) na ; (of conduct) shimhyo 
妙) na. 

very (of design, execution, 

etc.), zetsnmyd (絕 妙) na. 

Admirably, adv. kanshin ni ; mi- 
goto ni ; (of conduct) shimhyo ni ; (of 
work) kekko ni. 
most , zetsumyo ni. 

Admiral, n. kaigun-taisho (海軍 大 
Jif ) [alone, or before name] ; taisho 
(大將 ) [alone, or after name]. 

rea>r , kaigun-shosho (海軍 少 


vice , kaigun-chujo ('海軍 中 

將 )• 

the (Commander-in-Cliief on 

a station), shirei-chokwan (司令:p^ 

Admiralty, n. kaigunshd (海軍省). 

council, shokwan-kwaigi (將 

官會議 ). 

Court of , kaigunsaibansho 

(海軍 裁 列 所) ; kaiin-shimbansho (海 
, 員 審判 所). 

Admiration, n. kampiiku (惑 
- 麵 shin (怒 心) ; shotan (賞 歎) ; shd- 
歸 (賞 讃). . 

Admire, t.v. (esteem) tattdbu ; kd- 
fuku (服) s; chincho (珍重) s; 
(praise) shoU (賞美) s ; home'ru ; 
(wonder at) ni/ kanshin (ま 心) s ; ni 卜 
kampuku {^M) s ; nijodoroku. 

Admirer, n, home-ie. 

Admiringly, adv. gerund of equiv. 
of Admire is used ; as, kanshin shite. 

Admissible, a. (of a plea) yurusu- 
heJci [Civ. Pro.]. 

to be (of an argument), toru ; 

(of an expression) tsuji-ru ; toru ; 
(of eTidence) saiyd (探 用) sare-ru, 
or ni nam ; irete mo ii. 

Admissibility, n. equiv, of Ad- 
missible foil, by koto. 

Afliiiission, n. equiv. of Admit 
foil, by koto ; (fact admitted) miio- 
me《a koto ; (to membership in a 
society) nyuicwai 

no 二 except on business, 

fnuyo (無用) no mono iru bekaradzu. 

price of ...... , nyiljoryo (人蕩 料). 

ticket of …… , nyujbken 
Aflmit, t.v. (receive as true) shodaku 
(承諾) s ; shochi (承ギ s ; shbin (承 
引) s ; mitome-ru ; nintei (i 忍定) s; 
nindaku (認諾 ) s; (suffer to enter) 
ire-ru ; tosu ; hairase-ru. 

ing- xJiat it were so, taioe 

so ni mo shiro. 

it s of no doubt, utagai ひ 


it s of no excuse, do shite 

mo u-wake ga tatanai ; do shite mo 
icahi-yo ganai ; do shite mo U-wake 
no itashi-yo ga arimasenu. 

these words do not of 

sucJi a construction, korera no 
kotoba ica Jcono imi ni wa mochii- 

this ticket s me into the 

theatre, kono kippu de shihai e 

to a fault, tsumi 7ii fuku 

(服) s. . 

to light, akari wo tosu. 

while ing that, to wa sho- 
chi shi-nagara ; to wa iUnagara. ; 
to wa mbshi-naqara. 

Admittance, n. v. Admission. 

Hosted by レ OO ヌ k 


[ 20 ] 


Admittedly, adv. expr. by peri- 
phrasis ; as, ippan ni mitomerareru ; 
dare ni mo miiomerareru. 

Admixture, n. (act of) kongo (r^ 
合) sum koto ; mazeru koto ; (sub- 
stance) Icongobutsu (igi 合 物) ; mazari- 

Admonisli, t.y. (reprove), nijiken 
(意見) び s, or kuwae'ru ; nijsetsuyu 
(說 諭) s ; isame-ru ; imashime-ru ; 
satosu ; (warn) nilkeikai (警戒) s ; 
nilkydkai (教戒) s. , 

Admonisher, n. setsuyusha (說諭 
者) ; chukokusha 、告 者). 

Admonition, n. (act of) setsuyu ; 
satoshi ; equiv. of Admonisn foil, 
by koto ; (reproof) iken (意見) ; se- 
tsuyu imM) ; kangen (諫言) ; (warn- 
ing) keikai (警戒) ; cMkoku (忠告) ; 
kunkai (訓戒). 

Ado, n. sawagi ; sodo (騒動). 

to make mucli about 

nothing*, nan de mo nai koto ni 
d-sawaqi wo yaru. 

Adolescence, n. shonen (少年) ; 
miseitien (未成年). 

Adonis davurica, fukvjusd. 
Adopt, t.v. (a resolution, by vote) 
kaketsu (可 决) 5 ; (as a daughter) yd- 
jo (養 ふ i ni 5, or morau ; て as a son) 
ydsh レ (ま 子) ni s, or morau ; (as a 
suggestion) saiyd (採用) s; mochi- 
i'TTu ; tori-mochii'Tu. 

ed child, morai-ho. 

ed daughter, yojo (養女). 

Adoption, n. ybshi ni suru koto ; 
(leg.) engumi ; yoshi-engumi [Civ. Co.]; 
(of an opinion) saiyd (採用); (of a 
resolution) kaketsu ( pJ^). 

Adoptive, a family, yoka 

(養家) [Civ. Co.]. 

father, ydfu (養父). 

...... mother, yoho 

parent, ydshin{^^). 

Adorable, a. (deserving love) Tca- 

waii ; kawairashii. 
Adoration, n. (act of) equiv. of 
Adore foil, by koto; (worship) son- 
kei (尊敬) ; kdhai (敬 拜). 

Adore, t.y. {lo\e intensely) choai 
(寵愛) s ; (worship) ogamu ; sonkei 
(尊敬 is; hai m) s ; agame-ru. 

the people their prince, 

jimmin (入^) ga kimi wo keibo 
(敬慕) s. • 

Adoring", a. equiv. of Adcre usea 
as an adj. 

Adoringly, adv. ogarude ; haishite ; 
Jceibo shite ; choai shite. 

Adorn, t.y. kazaru ; yosoou ; jun- 
shoku (潤 ff^) s. 

to one's self, kewai s. 

to with, nij wo kazari- 


Adornment, n. kazari ; (act of) 
kazari-tsuke ; soshoku (装|^^) ; eqiaiv. 
of Adorn foil, by koto. - 

Adriatic, n. the , Adoria-kai. 

Adrift, adv. to be , nagare*ru ; 

hybryu (、^ 流) s ; hydhaku 白) s ; 

to get , nagare-dasu. 

Adroit, a. (dexterous) tegdsha (手 巧 
者) れ a ; takumi na ; temame na ; (in 
a bad sense) koriko (小禾 Ij 口) れ cj; 
wamgashikoi ; suhashikoi ; kosui ; 
(mentally) kasUkoi ; rikb (利口) wet ; 
kihin (機敏) na ; reiri (怜悧 ) na ; fctri- 
mawashi no jodzu (_h#-) na ; Hnsho 
(敏捷) na. 

Adroitly, adv. rilco ni; kashUcoku ; 
binsho ni ; kibin ni ; rem ni ; (of 
manual dexterity) takumi ni. 

Adroitness, n. equiv. of Adroit 
foil, by Icoto. 

Adulation, n. hetsurai ; neiben (俊 
辯) ; tsuisM-kdhaJcu (追 從輕 薄); obelo- 
ka [vulgj. 
to employ ....... tsuisho-iceihafcu 

wo iu. 

Adulatory, a. tsuisho no ; hetsurai 

no ; obekka no. 
Adult, n. seijin (成 入); soneh (壯 年) ; 

taijin 、大 入); o《o?ia. 
Adult, a. seicho (成長 ) s7i な a ; seijin 

no ; sonen no. 
Adulterate, t.v. maze-mono s ; shir 

nagara ico uaruku s ; ashiku s. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 21 ] 


Adulterated, si.. fusel (不正) no. 
…… article, (不正 品). 

Adul te ration, n. eqniv. of Adul- 
terate foil, by koto. 

Adulterer, n. m/i otoko ; kampu (甚 

夫) ; mi, (密 夫); misokao. 
Adulteress, n. kampu (燕 婦). 
Adulterous, a. kantsu (^通) no; 

shitsu (私通) no ; mittsu (密通) no. 
Adultery, n. kantsu (姦通) [Ciy, 
Co" Cr. Pro.] ; mittsii (密通) ; yafu- 
kan (有夫^). 

to commit (of a woman 

only), ma-otoko s ; 観- otoko, or 
mippUy wo koshirae-ru. 
Ad valorem, juka no. 

…… duty, ぽぇ (從價 税). 

Advance, n. (in prices) ne-age ; toki 
(騰貴); (mil.) zenshin (前進); shd- 
men-koshin (正面 行進); shingun (進 
軍) ; (money lent) yodate-kin ; (on a 
contract) tetsuke-kin ; ie-kia ; mae- 
kin ; ' (on produce) sU-ire-kin ; (of 
money on another's account) tote- 
kae [Com. Co.] ; (overture) mbshi- 
<lashi ; (progress) shimpo (進歩); hat- 
taisu (發 達); (promotion) shoto (昇 
等) ; shdkyil (昇級). 

freight, motobarai-unchi ひ (本 

辨蓮賈 )• , , 

m , saki ni ; aralcajime. 

payment in , mie-barai. 

to borrow money in , mae- 

gari wo s, 

to draw money in , zen- 

shahvL (前借) s ; uchigari s ; nai- 
shaku (內 き) ん 

to lend money in , mae- 

qashi wo s. 

to make s to (a woman), 


to pay in , maebarai s ; zen- 

kin (前金) de harau. 

Advance, t.v. (as, servant's wages) 
maegashi s ; (pay out on another's 
account) tate-kae-ru ; (the time for 
any act) huri-age-ru. 

to an argument, ron (論) 

100 ii dasu. 、 

to an opinion, mikomi wo 

nohe-ru ; iken (意見) wo kaichm 
(開陳) s. 

to money (on contract), 

teisuke-kin wo yarn, or utsu 

to the price, ne wo age-ru ; 

ne-age wo s. 

to be d (of the night), fu- 

ke-ru ; take ru. 

Advance, i.v. susumu ; (come for- 
ward) susunde ku-ru ; (fig.) ho (歩) 
wo susume-ru ; (improve) sfiimpo s ; 
hattatsu s ; (in learning) shotatsu (上 
達) s ; (in social position) shusse 
(出 ir) s ; risshin (立身 ) s ; (of price) 
agaru ; toki 貴) s ; nohoru. 

I (mil.) mae e ! 

to a step, ippo (一歩) wo 


to by rushes (mil.), yaku- 

sliin (躍進) s. 

to headlong (mil.), tosshin 

(突進) s. 

to in age, toshi wo torn. 

to in echelon (mil.), Uishin 

(梯 進) s. 

to obliquely (mil.), shako 

(斜 行) s. 

to straight to the front 

(mil.), cholcushin (直進) s. 

to to the attack (mil.), 

kdshin (攻 進) s. 

Advance-guard, zen-ei (前 衞) ; 
saki-te ; sempo (先鋒) ; (of a proces- 
sion) sakidomo. 

Advancement, n. (act of) equiY. 
of Advance foil, by koto ; (progress) 

shimpo (進歩); hattatsu (發 達) ; (pro- 
motion) shdkyu (昇級) ; shMd (昇 等) ; 
(social) risshin (j/ ^ ) ; shusse (出 

Advanced-post, n. zensMiisho (前 
進 It). 

Advantage, n. (benefit) eki ; rieki 
{mW; toku (德 ); (profit) ri ; Heki ; 
moke ; (of ground) ehiri (J-|JJ|) ; (vic- 
tory) shdri. 

there is no whatever, nan 

no kai mo nai ; nan no eki ni mo 

to examine into the s or 

disadvantages of 一 , 一 no 

rigai-tokushitsu (利害得失) wo ken- 
お 2/ な (研究) s. 

to xake of, (a favourable 

moment) no/Jci {^) ni joji-ru ; 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 22 ] 


(turn to account) wolriyd (利用) s ; 
(the wefikness of another.) nijisuke- 
; komu ; icojsaiwai (幸) to s. 

Advantageous, a. yueki (有益) no ; 
eki no aru ; hengi (便宜) na ; ek% (益) 
ni nam ; ioku (^) na. 

Advantag-eously, adv. lengi ni; 
: tsugb (都合) yoku. 

Advaiitag^eousness, n. rield ; 

Advent, n. (of a king) ringyo (臨 
御); (of Christ) Mr in (降臨); (the 
festi val ) korinsetsu- (降臨 翁 j , 

first Sunday in , korhiseisu 

daiichi shvjitsu (主 曰). 
Adventitious, a giizen (偶然) no ; 

igwai (意 夕ト) no ; omoi mo yoranu. 
Adventure, n. (bold undertaking) 
& 5 ん en ( 胃 險); (danger) 7d/ce" (危險 ). 
to have an , Jciken ni au. 

Adventurer, n. hdkensha (胃險 者) ; 
(impostor) yamashi ; (political, etc.) 
sakushi (^±). .. 

Adventuresome, a. toppi (突飛) 
no ; (full of risk) Jciken-darake no. 

Adventurous, a. (daring) daitan 
(大膽 ) 鶴; yiikan (ft 敢) na ; kimo 
nofutoi ; (fond of adventure) boken- 
zuki na. 

Adventurously, adv. daitan ni ; 
kimo-futoku ; ken wo okashiie ; yu- 
. kan (男 敢) ni. 

Adventiiroiisness, n. equiv. of 
Aaventurous foil, by koto. 

Adverb, n./ukushi (副詞). 

Adverbially^ adv.fukushi ni ; fuku- 

shi to shite. 
Adversary, n. (foe) ieki (敵) ; (op- 
; ponent) aiie ; aiie-kata ; tekishu (敵 

手 )• 

Adverse, a. (contrary) gyaku (逆) 
na ; (hostile) tekitai (厳 對) no ; saka- 
ratte oru ; (of circumstances) fu-shi- 
awase na ; (opposing) haniai (反 對) 

wind, mukai-kaze ; gyakvfu 


Adversely, adv. tekitai shiie ; saka- 
; ratte ; hantai shiie* 

Adverseness, n. eqniv. of Ad- 
verse foil, by koto. 

Adversity, n. wazawai ; saigai (災 
害 i ; sainan (災難) ; yakunan (/@,|(|) ; 
kannan (艱雖 )• 

Advert, t.y. to to, wo/mku ; 

wo sasu. 

Advertise, t.y. (by an advertise- 
ment) kwdkoku (ま 告) s ; hirome'ru ; 
(notify) tsiichi (ii^) s ; (on notice 
board) Jceiji (t^^j s ; (publish 
widely) fure-ru ; hobo (方々) e /ure* 
ru ; ; hird (披 倉) 》. 

Advertisement, n. kwdkoku (廣 
告) ; (act of) eqniv. of Advertise foil. 

by koto ; (official) kdkoku (公告) ; 
(poster) Jceiji (揭示 5 ; harl-fuda; hari- 
gami ; (tradesman's) hiki-fuda ; kwd- 

Advertiser, n. kwdkokusha (廣吿 

Advertising-agent, n. hwokokw 

Advertising-cliarge, n. kwd- 
koku-ryo (廣告 料). 

Advice, n. (admonition) iken (異見) ; 
kyokun (f^ 訓) ; (counsel) kokoro- 
dzuke ; chukoku (/g 、告) ; kyokun ; 
kwangen (勸 言); jogon (助言' j ; (in- 
formation) tsiichi (通知); nokoku (報 
告); annai. 

letter of , annaijd (案内 狀); 


Advisable, a. to be , expr. by 

tlie inf. of the verb. foil, by ho 

ga a ; as, it will be for you 

to go to Tokyo to-morrow, 

myb-nichi (明日) TdJcyd e irassharu 
ho ga II. 

Advisability, n. hengi (便宜) ; Uki- 

ひ 《(適宜、 , ^ 
I doubt tlie of your go- 
ing, ide nasaru no wa ioku de wa 
arumai to omou. - 
Advise, t.v. (admonish) isame'ru ; 
nl/iken (異 s ; (counsel) nilkoJcoro- 
dzuke'ru ; jogon s ; 7ii/chiikoku s ; ni/ 
kyokun s ; (inform) ni I tsiichi s ; m/ 
hokolcu s. 

Hosted by Goo ヌ k 


[ 23 ] 


to to (do a certain thing), is 

expr. by the requisite verb foU. by 
yo (攀) ni chukoku s, less often by 
yd ni susume'ru. 

Advise, i.v. to with, to I sodan 

(相談) s. 

Advisedly, adv. (after deliberation) 
kanko {^l^) no ue ; waza to ; 、}wi 
(i^ 意) れ i: 仁 loaza-waza. 

Adviser, n. sddan-aite ; jogonsha (助 
言 者) ; kwangensha (勸言 者) ; cfi な - 
kokusha (忠吿 者) ; (attached to a 
dept.) komonkwan (顧問 官) ; sanji- 
kwan (参事官). 

legal • , horitsu-komon (法律 顧 


Advocacy, n. (support) sat an (左 
顯) ; kata wo moisu koto ; (vindica- 
tion) moshiwake ; benkai (辯 解) ; 
hogo (保護). 

Advocate, n. (leg) daige 職 in (ft 言 
A) ; hengonin (辯 護人); bengoshi. 
(辯 護士) tCiv. Pro.] ; (partisan) kata 
wo motsu hito ; mikata. 
judge ...... (mil.), riji (理事). 

Advocate, t.v. (an opinion) ii-harv. ; 
shuctio (主張) s ; ; shodd (ii 昌 
道) s. 

Adze, n. (bow-handled) chona ; (with 
short straight handle) te-ono. 

Aeginetia inclica, namban-Jciseru. 
Aerate, t.v. nilkvki (空 氣) wo ire-ru 
Aerated water, ieppd-midzu. 
Aeranon, n. kUki zoo ireru koto. 
Aerial, a. kaki (空 氣) no ; taiJci (大 
0,) no ; (lofty) 6-ora ni sohiefa. 

Aerolite, n. inseki (頃 石). 
Aerometer, n. kenkiki (驗氣 器). 
Aeronaut, n. fusen-norl (風船 乘). 
Aerostat, n. Mhyu (氣 球) ; fusen (風 

Aerostatical, a. heikijidsu no. 

Aerostatics, n. heikijutsu (If 氣 術). 

Aesthetic^ a. iki na ; furyU (MM) 
na ; (in a depreciatory sense) johin- 
himj. ; furyu-garu ; filryii-buru. 

Aestlietics, n. sMmUgaku (審美 學) ; 
himydgaku (麵妙 學). 

Afar, adv. idku ni ; harnka ni. 

from , idku yori ; empo (遠方) 

yori ; harubaru to. 

Affability, n. ingln (懇覯 ) ; teinei (丁 
^) na koio. 
with ....、•, ingln ni ; teinei ni. 

Aftaole, a. (courteous) teinei na ; in- 
gin na ; onko (溫 厚) na ; nengoro na ; 
(easy of access) Jcigaru na ; shUa- 
shimi-yasui ; choku na : cMkadzuhi' 

Affably, adv. nengoro ni ; ingia ni ; 
teinei ni. 

Affair, n. koio ; jiken (事 #) ; koto- 
gara ; ichijd (一條). 

s (of a company, etc.), gydmu 


naval s, kaiji (海事). 

state of s, keisei (形勢); 

yosu ; arisama. 

state of s in a country, 

kokujd (國 情). 

Affect, t.v. (adversely) ni/saicaru ; 
bogai (妨害) s ; (assume the airs of) 
wo /Jcicioru ; (have effect on) ni/ 
hihiku ; ni jeikyo (科 響) s ; ni/sashi- 
hiUku ; iii/kwankei (關 係) s ; (make 
a pretence of) no j furl wo s ; ni/ 

to friendly relations, Jcon- 

shin (懇親) no majiwari wo hogai s. 

to be ed, eikyo wo uke-ru ; (as 

a part by disease) m]yo (異狀 ) gob 

to "bo ed by (moved by), ni/ 

kanji-ru ; ni/lcandd (惑 動) s. 

to "be ed by the heat, shoki 

(署氣 ) れ i aterare'ru, or at aru. 
Affectation, n. furi, or buri, follow- 
ing the word expressing the thing 
affected ; (of manner) ncima-iki na 
koto ; jifu (自 M). 
Affected, a. unuhoreia ; nama-ifci 

Affectedly, adv. unuborete ; nama- 
ilci ni. 

to talk , kidotte hanashi wo 


Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 24 ] 


Affecting", a. kanashii ; kanid (惑 
動) suheki ; awareppoi. 
to be , kando sase-ru. 

Aff'ection, n. (act of loving) itsuku- 
shimi ; (between the sexes) rerribo (戀 
慕); renjo (戀 ffi) ; (feeling of love) 
aijd (愛情) ; jdai (情愛) ; j、iai (慈愛) ; 
" (of parents) chdai (||^') ; (sickness) 
yamai ; sawari ; warui tofcoro. 

one sided kaia-omoi. 

to "be devoid of , wa']jdai get 


to feel for, wo / kawaigaru ; 

wo/ai s. 

Affectionate, a. nasake-bukai ; jd- 
ai no fv.kai ; aijd no fukai. 
an …… father, (慈父), 
an mother, jibo (窓 母). 

Affectionately, a. aijo-fukaku ; 

Affiance, t.v. ii-nadzukes ; wa/kon- 
in (婚姻) no yakusoku (約束) wo s. 

Affianced, a bride, or hus- 
band, ii-nadzuke. 

Affidavit, n. (spoken) seigen (誓言) ; 
seishi (誓詞); (written) senseisho (お' 
誓 書) ; seishi (誓紙). 

to make an , seiaen wo tote- 

ru ; sensei s. 

Affiliate, t.v. to/gappei (合併) s. 

Affiliation, n. gappei. 

Affinity, n. (connection) kioankei (Jg 
係) ; (connection between persons) 
innen (0^) ; e?i ( 緣); (in chemistry) 
shinwaryoku {^^Wi3) ; (marriage re- 
lationship) 671 (^) ; (of languages) 
ruiji {MWJ ; (of sounds, colour, etc.) 

Affirm, t.v. (aver) kakugen (確言) s ; 
shika to in ; iashika ni iu ; ( es tab- 
us Ji) tashika ni s ; (make a solemn 
declaration) chikau ; seigen (誓言) s. 

Affirmation, n. (assertion) kaku- 
gen ; dangen (斷 言) ; (conj&rination) 
- kakusetsu ; (solemn declaration) sei- 

Affirmative, a. (confirming) kaku- 
jitsu (確 實) no ; kakutei (確定) no. 

Affirmative, n. an answer in the 

or negative, dakuhi (諾否) 

no henji. 

a reply in the , shodaku (承 

no henji 

in the (consenting), djiie. 

Affix, t.v. tsuke'ru ; soe-ru ; (a stamp) 
haru ; chofu (貼付) s ; choyo (貼 用) s 
(in gram.) gobi (語尾) ni tsuke-ru. 

to a seal, in (印) wo osu 

choin (調印) s. 
Aflax, n. (gram.) setsuhigo (接尾語) 

gou (語尾). 

Afflict, t.Y. ■.kurushime'ru ; nayamasu 

how ed you must "be, sa,zo 

go shusho (愁 f 募) de gozaimashd. 

to be ed, kurushimu ; naya- 

mu ; fcanashimu. 

Afflicting", a. kurushli ; kanashii ; 

Affliction, n. (distress) nangi (難 義) ; 
Mai (悲哀) ; kanashimi ; (pain) kutsu 
i^M) 5 kurusfiimi. 
Affluence, n. (riches) fukki (富貴) ; 
impu (殺 富) ; hdfu (豐 富). _ 

in , yutaka ni ; hofu ni ; im- 

pu ni. 

to live in , yutaka ni kurasu. 

Affluent, a. yudaka na ; nanifujiyu 
(不自由) れ ««i ; fukki na ; hofu iia. 

Affluent, n. edagawa ; shiryu (枝 流). 

Afford, t.v. (produce) san (產) s ; 
shoji-ru ; (stand without serious de- 
triment) no/chikara ga aru ; (yield) 

I cannot a carriage, hasha 

wo oku yoyu (餘 俗) ga nai ; hasha 
wo mots'u chikara ga nai. 
Afforestation, n. zorin-jigyo (造林 

Affray, n. kenkwa (暄曄 ) ; sodo (騷 
動); sojo (騒擾) ; sdtd (爭鬪 ) ; tataJci-ai. 

Affreig^litment, n. {sempakuy 
yatoi-ire-kelyaku (船舶 展八 契約). 

Affront, t.Y. (insult) hadzukashime- 
ru ; nilbujoku (侮辱) s ; ni/haji wo 
kakase-ru ; ni/hurei (ま 體) wo s ; 
(make angry) oJcorasu ; ikarasu ; 
no/ki ni sawaru. 

Hosted by 



[ 25 ] 


Affront, n. hyjoku ; burei. 

Afloat, adv. kaijd (海上) ni. _ 

a rumour is that, no/hyo- 

han (評 #D ga aru. 

to be , ukande oru. 

Afoot, adv. aruite ; kacM de. 
Aforesaid, a. mae ni itta ; mae ni 

' noOeta ; migi no ; kndan no ; zenjo (前 
條) no ; zenken (前 顯) no ; zenki (lu 

. IE) r.o. 

Aforetliouglit, a. koi (故意)? lo. 

malice , warugi. 

Afraid, a. I am , kowai ; okka- 

nai [lit. it is fearful.]. 

I am lie won't come, kure- 

oa ii ga. 

I am I shall not be able to 

come, tabun mairaremai to omoi- 

I was you might not like 

it, moshiya o ki (氣) ni iranu koto 
wa ariya shimai ka to omotia. 

to be , (of, wo) kowagaru ; 

osore-ru ; kyoju (恐怖) s ; nijWcu- 
'biku s ; (anxious) wo/anji-ru ; wo J 
shimpai s. 

to be to cross, wataru no wo 


Alresli, adv. (again) kasanete ; fufa- 
tahi ; mata ; (anew) sara ni ; arata 
ni ; aratamete. 

Al't, adv. (at the stem) tomo ni ; sembi 
(船尾) w《 ; tomo no ho ni ; sengo 
(船 後) れ i ; (towards the stem) tomo 
no no e ; sengo no ho e. 

After, prep, and codJ. (beMnd in 
place) ato kara ; ni tsuide ; [the latter 
denotes either " on another's heels " 
or " next in order."]. 

I will come you (in posi- 
tion), ato kara mairimashd ; 
„ [generally expr. in Japanese by " o 
saki e o ide nasai," lit. " please 
go in front."], 
(coordinate in time and denoting 
' an action taken tip at the point 
where a previous action was loft 
: off) kara ; no ue de ; ue de ; [the 
last preceded by the verb in the 
past tense.]. 

consideration, kangae no 

ue de. 

you have quite recovered, 

go zenkwai (全' 決) ni natte kara, or 
natta ue de. 

I shall clean up you 

have g-one out, o dekake ni natte 
kara sbji (掃除) loo itashimasu. 
(in imitation of) tori ni. 

a model, mihon (見本) 


(in search, of) the particle " w ひ" 
with suitable verb. 

wliom are you enquiring ? 

donata wo tadzunete irassharu ka. 
(subsequent in time) nochi ; ato de ; 
― <7Q (後) [with words of Chinese 

entering" port, nyukogo 


I went out, watakushi ga 

deta nochi ni, or aU> de; 

marriage, kekhongo (結婚 


sight, ichirango (—覽 後). 

that, sono ato de ; sono 

nochi ; sono go. 

this (in future), Tcono nocni ; 

kore kara saki ; kono go ; kogo 

he came you went out, 

dekake ni natta ato e kimashita. 

it cannot "be done until 

to-morrow, ashita yori saki de 
nakereha dekimasenu. 

1 will come you, (imme- 
diate and dependent in time) o ato 
kara mairimasho ; (independent 
and subsequent in time) o ato de 

(successively) isudzuite ; ni tsuide. 

day day, hi ni tsuide ; MM. 

month month., tsuki-dzuki. 

one another, zokuzolm ; tsu - 


year year, nen-nen ; nen 

ICO otte. 

all, (when the result has 

been anticipated) tsumari ; hata- 
shife ; hikkyo (畢竟); toiei (到/ ; 
shosen (所 ま) [the two last always 
with, a negative] ; (when the re- 
sult is contrary to expectation) 
ani hakaran ya ; aiigwai (案タ 卜 j 
ni] zongwai (お 夕 ni; sekkdku 
(折角) [the last is placed at the 
beginning of the phrase]. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 26 ] 


I went all, toto Ufa ; isni 

ni mairimashita, 

a short wliile (future)^ su- 

koshi bakari tatsu to. 

a wliile, ikura ka cdda ga 

aite kara ; ikura ka nvi ga iatte 

; ...... date bill, hidzukego-harai 

no tegata. 

...... sight bill, ichirango-harai 

no tegata. 

、> I shall discontinue the paper 

the 30th, sanjH nichi kagiri, 

or iqo (以後), stnmbun wo yoshi- 

the day , so7io akuru hi ; 

sono yokujitsu (^日). 

to ask (a person), no J koto wo 


to run , wo I oi-kake-ru ; wo/ 

- okkake-ru. 

to take , ni/ni'TU. 

to throw good money 

bad (prov.), dorobo ni oisen. 

After, a. (in place) ushiro no ho no ; 
(in time) ato no ; nochi no ; (naut.) 
tomo no ho no ; semhi (MM) れ。 hd 

After-l)irtli, n. nochi-zan ; (pla- 
centa) ma. 

After-effects, n. (of a disease) 
hyogo (病後) no tsukare, or hird (疲 
^f) ; (of an event) yoha (餘 波). lYo- 
hyo (餘 病) denotes a fresh disease 
following and the result of a prior 

Al'ter-g'low, n. yuyake. 

After-growth, n. niban-hae. 

After-life, n. mirai (未 來) ; raise 
(來 世) ; nochi no yo. 

Afternoon, n. hiru-sugi ; hiru-go ; 
gogo (^?^) ; umago. 
I will call in the course of the 

, hiru kara agarimashd. 

Afterpains, n. sango (產 後) no ita- 
mi ; atohara ?i ひ Uami. 

Aftertaste, n. atokuehl 
AftertliOUg-lit, n. aio-jian ; tsuiso 

Afterwards, adv. nochi ni ; ato de i 
nochihodo ; sono go ; igo (J[i 後) ; (of 
past time) sono nochi. 

I will reply , otte go ai- 

satsu (挨授 ) iiashimashd, • 

we will talk of that , sore 

wa ato no hanashi ni iiashimashd. 

Again, adv. (another time) mata; 
(a second time) futatabi ; saido (再 

and , tahi-iabi ; kuri- 

kaeshite ; saisan (再三); hampuku 
(反 緩) shite. 

as much. , mo sore dake. 

as as, hai (倍) ; as, he 

is as old as you, cmo もな ひ 

wa anata yon bai toshi wo iotte 

half as , mo harribun 

(半分) aake, or hoclo ; as, this 

melon is half as large as 

that, kono siiilcwa (西瓜) wa ana 
suikwa yori mo hambun dake okii 

once , mo ichido (一度) ; mo 

ippen (一遍). 

over , araiamete. 

to come , de-naoshiie ku'ru ; 


to do over , shi-naosu. 

to write over , kaki-naosu. 

will talk of that , sore wa 

kasande no hanashi ni iiashimashd' 

Ag'ainst, prep, ni taishiie ; ni mukat- 
te ; (contrary to) ni hanshUe •, (in 
exchange for) to hiki-kae ni ; (in 
■opposition to) ni sakaratte ; ni han- 

tai shite ; (leaning up ) ni tate- 


a claim , ni taishite no, or 

ni kakaru , yokyii ( 要求 ) . 

the grain, (of wood) saka- 

me ni ; (fig.) iya-nagara ; iya-iya.^ 

offences property, zaisan 

ni taisuru tsumi. 

over , no muko ni. 

rig-lit over , no ma-mukai ni. 

to be ....... ni/sakarau ; muko - 

dzura ni nam ; (oppose) kohamu ; 
nij sakarau. 

to be set up third parties, 

tco motte]daisa7isha (第三者) ni 
tailed (對抗 ) s [Com. Co.]. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 27 ] 

to go , niisakarau ; nijsomu' 


to hold , ni/oshi-ate-ru. 

to lean , (i.v.) ni/motare-ru ; 

ni/yori'kakaru ; (t.v.), nilmotase'ru ; 
ni/yori-kake-ru ; niltaie-kake-ru. 

to nail , nijlcugi de uchi- 


to pull , to I hippari-au. 

to push , ni] oshi-ate-ru ; nil 


to push. one another, 'osM- 


to ride , (t.v.) nilnori-isuke- 


to send an expedition , 

nijenseigun (遠征 軍) wo olcuru. 

to speak , (in argument) 

no hantai-setsu (反對 說) れ, o nohe-ru ; 
(speak evil of) wo/soshirv. ; ura- 
hara no setsu wo nohe-ru. 

to strike , (i.v,) ni/tsuki- 

ataru ; (t.v.) nijhucM-tsuke-ru. 

to throw , nijnagpAsuke-ru ; 


to thrust , nij osM-tsuke-ru. 

Agape, adv. kuclii wo aite. 

Agate, n. mend ; mendseki (瑪ま g 石) ; 
(type)* [corresponds in size to Japa- 
nese type No. 7, shichigo (七號 )]. 

Age, n. (a century) isseiH (—世 記); 
(length of life) toshi ; nemrei (年齢) ; 
yoicai ; nem'pai (年輩); (period in 
history) jidai (時 fi) ; 7iendai (午 代) ; 
(whole duration of being) jmnyo 

(壽 命). ' 

of , seinen (成年) ni natta ; 

taijin (大 入) natta ; ieinen (丁年) • 

ni natta ; as, I am , lexnen ni 

naite oru- 

spirit of the , jisei ス時 

勢). . 

the of man is seventy 

years, ningen (人間) no juwyb tea 
shichiju nen desu. 

to come of , teinen ni itaru. 

under , shonen (少年) no ; 

initeinen (未"]^^) wo ; ieinen-miman 
(丁年 未滿) no. 

with , toshi fcagen [hUm) ; 

toshi no sei de ; as, his eyes are 

dim with , toshi no sei de me 

ga kasunde oru. 

Age, i.T. (appear old) fuke'ru ; [grow 
old) ioshi 'ICO torn ; oi-ru ; ioshiyoru ; 
toshi wo kasane'ru. • 

Japanese women rapidly, 

Nihon no onna wa fuke-yasui. 

look of (of works of art), 


'middle s, chulco (中古). 

to have a look of ...... (of 

things), furubite ?? zie-9*w. 

Ag'ed, a. tQshi-yotta ; toshi wo totta ; 
konen (高年) no '; toshi-kasa na. 

an person, toshiyori ; rojm 


Agency, n. (instrumentality) seica ; 
s/w お e"' (周旋); tori-mochi ; baikai (^媒 
介) ; (mandate) mm (委任) ; (office 
of a commercial agent) dairiten (代理 
店 ) ; tori-aisukaijo ; (right to repre- 
sent) dairi-ken ((^理{^). 

a natural , shizenrydku (自然 

力); shizen no hat ar aid ; shizen no 
sayo (作用); shizen no kotowari. 

sole , iiie-hambai (一手 賦 


Agent, n. (deputy) dairisha (代 零 
者); mybdai (名代); (manager) shi- 
hainin (支 酉 E 人) ; (of a merchant) aai- 
rinin (代理人) [Civ. Co.] ; dairisha 

Consular , daiben-ryoji (代辨 

頜 事). 

forwarding" , unsd-toriisugi- 

w《M 運送 取次 八). 

general , so-aairmin (總 代理 


house , sahamm (差配人). 

sole •, Ute-dairimn (一手 代?! 

shipping" , kwaisd-donya (廻 

送 問屋). , 、 

special toJciibeisu-dammn- 

(特別 代理人). 

steamship company's ....... ki- 

senkwaisha-dairmin ( ^^船會^!!代理 

Ag-glomerate, t.v. marome-ru. 

Agglomerate, i.v. katamaru, 

Ag-glomeratioii, n. . hUo-marome i 
katamari ; (act of) equiv. of Agglo- 
merate foil, by koto. 

Hosted by 


[ 28 ] 


Agglutinant, n. (viscous sub- 
stance) nenchakubutsu (粘着 物) ; neba- 
ru mono. 

■Aggrandize, t.v. kwodai {^k) ni 
s ; fukyo (富 强) ni s] sondai (尊大) 
ni s. 

-Ag-g-i'aiidizement, n. self , 

' takahuri. 

Aggravate, t.v. (a disease) omoku 
s ; (irritate) okorase-ru ; ikarase-ru ; 
nojhara wo taiase'ru ; (make worse) 
ashiku s ; teomo ni s ; j な dai (重大) ni 
s ; (of pain) hageshiku s ; isuyoku s. 

to he d, (angry) wa]hara ga 

iatsu ; (made worse) omoku naru ; 
judai ni nam ; (of an illness) 
omoru ; (of pain) tsunoru. 

Aggravation, n. equiv. of Aggra- 
vate foil, by koto ; (of a crime) omo- 
ku suru koto ; masu koto. 

Ag'gravating", a. (annoying) hara- 
tatashii ; (of persons) urusai ; (of 
occurrences) imaimashii. 

Agrgravatiiig'ly, adv. ham ga taisu 
hodo ; urusaku ; imaimashiJcit. 

Agr^re grate, n. tafamari ; danketsu 
- (圜 結) ; (sum) sokei (總 計) ; g5s な (含 

Hi) ; shime-dafca ; taiaman-daica. 
in the , odzu ni ; gairyaku 

一 (槪畧 ) ; tairyaku (大畧 ). 
Affgreg-ate, i.v. danketsu (圑 結) s ; 

shilrjd ( 繁合) s. 

Aggregation, n. equiv. of Aggre- 
gate foil, by koto. 

Ag-gression, n. kdgeki (攻 攀! ; (ter- 
ritorial) shinryaku (g^) ;. shimhatsu 
(侵 伐). ' 

Aggressive, a. (of a policy) shin- 
ryaku-teki (季唇的) no ; (quarrelsome) 
kenlcucadzuki na ; kenkioavpayai. 
an person, wanryok'ka (腕力 

家). ' 

to "be , kenkwa ico shi- 

kake-ru, or uri-kake-ru. 

^g^gressively, adv. kenkwa wo. 

Aggressor, n. kdgekisha (攻擊 者) ; 
shimbatsusha {^tZif)- 

who was the ? said ni te- 

dashi wo shiia no wa dare da. 

Aggrieved, a. to feel , fuhei 

て 不平) ni omou ; fukwai (禾 ni 

Ag-hast, adv. to Tbe , akke ni 

torare-ru ; kimo wo tsuhusu ; gyd- 
ien (tip 天) s ; tamage-ru. ' 

Agile, a. hashikoi ; mi-garui ; 
suhashikoi ; (of brain) hinshb (敏捷) 
na ; reiri (f^^j) na. 

Agility, n. mi-garui koto ; siibashiko- 
sa ; hashikoi koto ; (of brain) Unsho ; 

Agnate, t.v. (excite passion) geki 
(激) sase-ru ; gekidd (激動) sase'ru ; 
(move violently) ugokasu ; furu- 
wasu ; (stir up) sendo (it ^動) s ; 

to be d, (mentally) axoate- 

ru ; gekidd s ; (lit. and fig.) doyo 

(動 s. ' 

Agitate, i.y. (of political agitation) 
undo (蓮 動) s. 

to for, no I undo wo s. 

Agitatedly, ady. awatete ; gekidd 

Agitation, n. (act of) equiv. of 
Agitate foil, by koto ; (lit. and fig.) 
doyb ; (political) undo. 

Agitator, n. senddsha (塌動 昔); 
(political) unddsha (M 動 者). 

Aglow, adv. to be (of the face), 


Ag'iiostic, n. fukashUfironshi (不可 

患 議論 者). 
Agnosticism, n. fukasUgiron. 

AgfO, adv. izen (以前); mae ; ato ; ato 

long" , hisashii mete ni ; yo- 

liodo zen ni ; hisashii aio. 

some time , ikura lea mae ni. 

that happened three years 
....... sore wa sannen mae no koto 


Agoing", to set , ugokasu ; 


Ag'onize, i.v. kurusJdmu. 

AgfOiiize, t.v. kurus1iime-ru ; nayama- 
su ; nijki wo momase»7'u. 

Agonizing", a. kurushii. 

Hosted by Goo ヌ k 


Ag'Ony, n. kutsii (苦痛); kurushimi ; 
hammon {j:Mfi^). 

unable to endure zhe , 

kutsu ni taenu. 

Agrarian, a laws, dendo-aei- 

&tm/i5( 田 土 平 法). 
rising-, ikki (—摸). 

Agree, i.v. (concur) ddi (同意) 5 ; 
(consent) shochi (;^ 知) s ; shodaku 
(承諾) s ; (correspond) au ; tsuri-au ; 
fugo (符合) s ; (enter into an agree- 
ment) yakusoku (約束) s ; (harmo- 
nize) vmgo (和合) s ; chowa 和) s ; 
(of food) slid {^) ni au ; kara<la ni 
au ; karada ni ieki (適 j s ; (yield 
assent) natioku (ま內 f#) s ; iokushin 
(得心) s. 
. I , shocfii Uashimashiia. 

I witli you that , go 

doyo ni to omou. 

丄 cannot , [do shite mo) sJio- 

chi ga dekimasenu. 

that dees not with my 

constitution, sore wa wcdakushi 

no sho ni awanai. 

those persons well to- 

gether, ano hitotachi wa makoto 
ni naka ga yoi. 

to that, or to, (of a stipula- 
tion) to yakutei (糸 勺定) s ; koto 漏 
yaku s. - 

to to (a bill), wojkaketsu ( pT 

决 い'. 

to ....... upon (fix in consultation), 

Icybtei (協定) s ; kydgi-kettei (協議 
决定) s. 

to with, (a sentiment) 籠/ 

ddkan (同 惑) de aru ; (a Tiew) 
ni/ddi s ; (concur with, a person) 
to I abi s ; (correspond) ni / au. 

Agreeable, a. (of a person) chosJii 
(調子) no yoi ; choshi no umai ; 
(pleasant) kokoroyoi ; yukwai (愉ぉ 
na ; omoshiroi. 

to (corresponding to), ni 

kanau ; ni tekitd (適 當) 謝' w. 
that man's manners are very 
......, am hito no fit (風) wa makoto 

ni yoi fa desu. 

Agreebleness, n. equiy. of Agree- 
able foil, by koio. 


Agreeably, adv. kokoroyoku ; omo- 
shiroku ; hodoyoku. 

to, ni shitagatie ; ni djite. 

Agree men t, n. (between states)^ 
tydsho (協商); kyotei (協定); (con- 
tract) keiyaku (契ち 勺) ; yaJcujo (約定) ; 
torikime ; (convention) kybyaku 
約) ; iorikime-stio ; (promise) yaku- 
soku (約束) ; (seaman's) yatoU 
keiyaku ; koyd-keiyaku (fe 慷' 契約》 
[Com. Co.] ' 

amicable , dakyo (译路 )• 

"by mutual , aitai de ; goi^ 

(合意) de. 

mutual , hanashi-ai ; moshi- 


secret , miisuyaku (密約). 

special , ioku'yaku (特約). 

to arrive at an , wa]hanashi" 

or sodan (木目 談), ga matomaru ; kyo- 

gi ひな totonou. 

verbal , kuchi-yakiisoku. 

Agricultural, a. —yd (農業) no ; 
kosaku (耕作) no に ndji (農事)" 

…… bank, ndgyd-ginko (農業 銀. 

bureau (Govt.), nomukyoku 

(農務 局). 

chemistry, nogyd-kwagaku 

(襄業 化 學). 

country, nbsankoku (農產 


implements, nwju (農具). 

products, nosambutsu (麵產 


Agriculturally, adv. ndrjyd ni ;. 
icosaku ni. 

Agriculture, n. nogyo (凝 業) ; nomu 
(農務) ; ndji (農事) ; kosaku (耕作). 
industry, ana commerce^ 

nbkdshd (骞ェ 商). 

department of , nomusho- 

(農務 省). 

department of and com- 
merce, noshbmusho (農 商務 章). 

Minister of , nomu-daijin 

務 大臣). 

Minister of and com- 

merce, noshdmu-daijin (裊 商務;^ 
臣 )• 

science of , nogaku (農 學). 

[ 29 ] 

ちり -. - 、 -ジ : ..- に; --, -^, ^iM^ : ノ - 7 づ , 

Hosted byLjOOQle 


[ 30 ] 


Agriculturalist, n. ndka (襲 家); 
(farmer) ndfu (g^) ; hyakusho (ほ 

JVgTOiind, adv. to run on, 

(i.v.) nilnori-age ru ; (t.v.) ni/nori- 
kaJce ru ; ni nori-age-ru. 
to Tbe . ,, noriageie oru. 

Ag'ue, n. okori ; gyaku (g) ; kan- 
keisunetsu (間歇^). 

Aliead, adv. saki ni ; mae ni ; hana 

cannot see , mnko <ja mienai. 

cannot see an inch. , issun 

(一寸) salci ga miemi. 

straight , massngu rd. 

Aid, n. tetsudai ; tasuJce ; hosa (補 经) ; 
joryoku (助力); (as intermediary) 
sewa ; shiisen (周]!^); (assistant) te- 
dai ; joshu (助 ま); (in danger) 
tasuke ; kyujo (救 i 力); kyiisai ; (to 
persons in distress) kytljo ; fvjo (抉 

Aid, t.v. tasuke ru ; hosa s ; (as 
intermediary) nojsewa wo s ; ni/ 
shusen s ; (at a piece of work) 
tetsudau ; ni/te wo kasu ; (in danger) 
kyujo s ; kyiisai s ; (m distress) 
kyujo s ; fujo s. ' 
to and abet, kydsa (教唆) s. 

Aide-de-camp, denrelsM (傳令 ; 
hakuryo (幕僚) ; (to the Sovereign) 
jiju-hukwan (侍 從ま官 ). 
Aiguillette, n. (on uniform) kazari- 

; shokucho (|fj^^). 
Ail, i.v. wadzurau ; nayamu ; yamu. 

to be ing-, bura-biird wadzu- 

raite oru. 

Ail, t.v. what s you ? do nastta 

no da. 

_Ailmenf , n. shippei (声 病) ; yamai ; 

bydki (病 氣) ; wadzurai. 
Aim, I.v. nerai wo isuke-ru ; kenio { 見 

當 ) 100 isuke-ru ; shbjun (照準) s ; 


to at, wo /nerau ; (fig.) wo/me- 

ate ni s ; mokuieki (目的) to s ; 
mune to s ; hakaru. 

to be ed at (of a scheme), 

' wo / mokuieki to s. • 

-Aim, t.v. (a gun) muke'ru. 

Aim, n. nerai ; shojun ; (fig.) ate ; 
me-aie ; ate-do ; mokuieki (目 6^) ; 
moJcuromi ; keisaku (計 策) ; kokoro- 
zashi ; (mil.) shojiin. 

to miss one's , wanner ai ga 

hadzure-ru ; (fig.) wa\ate ga hadzu- 
re-ru. ' 

Aimed, p.p. object at (mil.), 

shdjunten (照準 點). 

well fire (mil.), seimitsu- 

hassha (ij^^gM). 

Aimless, a. ate-do no nai ; た f< (空) 
na ; miikentd (無 見當) na ; teiken 
(定見) no nai. 

Aimlessly, adv. ate naku ; me-ate 
naku ; mokuteki naku ; ate-do naku ; 
ku ni ; mukento ni. 

Aiiiilessiiess, n. equiv. of Aimless 
foil, by koto. 

Air, n. (a draught) kaze ; (look) ybsu ; 
iaido (態度); fusai (風采); /i ふ i [of 
a false appearance] ; (of music) fu- 
'、'hl ; cMshi (調子) ; (of the atmos- 
phere) kfiki (空 氣) ; taiki (大氣 )• 

in the , kfichii (^ifi) ni. 

to give one's self s, iba- 

ru ; yddaiburu (き钵 振); takaburu ; 
yosuburu ; mottaiouru ; waga mi 
ni moiiai -wo tsuke-ru. 

"wim an innocent , shiranu 

furi de ; nani mo kuwanu kao de. 
Air, t.v. (a room) ni/kaza4re wo s ; 
nilkuki wo idsu ; nil kaze wo ire-ru ; 
(clothes) hosu ; sarasu ; (clothes, etc., 
before a fire) kawakasu ; (yearly, 
after rainy season) mushi-boshi s; 
doyd-boshi s. 

to one's views, iken (意見) 

wo nohe-ru. 

to assume the s of, wojki- 


to put on s, kidoru. 

Air-brake, n. ydki-seiddki (用氣 
. 動機). 

Air-bladder, n. (of a fish) uki- 
hukuro ; (dried) nibe. 

Air-cushion, n. kuki-makura. 
Air-g^uii, n. Mki-ju (空氣 銃) ; kiju 

(氣-^^) ; /w/io (虱 砲) ; kaza-deppd. 
Air-iiole, n. kaza-mado. 

Hosted byLjOOQle 


[ 31 ] 


Airily, adv. assari to ; uwajdshi ni ; 

Airing", n. (of outdoor exercise) sam- 
po (散歩) ; shoyo (逍遙). 

summer (of clothes, temple 

treasures, etc.), mushi-boshi ; doyd- 

to take an , sampo s ; shoyo 


Air-piimi), n. haiki-pompu ; haildshd 
. (排氣 鐘). 

Air-sliaft, n. kaza-aiia; tsukiro (通 
- 氣路 ). 

Air-sac, n. (of a bird) kino (氣囊 ). 
Air-tiglit, n. kiiki no hairenai ; 
(empty of air) kfiki-nnki no. 

Airy, a. kaze-tdshi no yoi ; seisei (淸 
々 ) to shita. 

to Tbe , wa]yoku kaze ga ibru. 

-Ajar, adv. he has left the door 

, to ICO hamhun (半分) ake- 


the door is , io ga hosome ni 

' aite oru ; to ga hambiraki ni natte 

Akimbo, a. to stand with arms 

, hiji wo haru ; hari-hiji wo s. 

A Kin, a. (fig.) ni/rid (頹) shita ; niyo- 
ri no ; (lit.) shinzoku (親族) no. 

Alabaster, n. sekkwa-sekko (雪花 石 
膏); hakuryusan-sekkwai (白硫 醋 石 

Alacrity, n. kelkwcU (輕 快). 

to show , haJci-haki s. 

with , haki-haJci to. 

Alarm, n. (condition of mind) odoro- 
ki ; (instrument) shingbki (信號 器); 
(notice of danger) keihb (警 ま) ; (sig- 
nal) aidzu. 

"bell, keiaho 鐘) ; hansho 

(半鐘). [When struck rapidly it is 

called hayagane.] 

clock, mezamashi-dokei. 

gun, keihd (警砲). 

to beat the , keihd (警報) wo 


Alarm, t.v. (give notice of danger) 
keihd, or aidzu, s ; (giye notice of 
danger in order that it may be re- 
pelled) ( 防禦) no aidzu s; 
(frighten) odorokasu. 

to be . . ... ed^ odorohu ; Wckuri'^ ; 

kowagariL . ' : い , . 

Alarming", a, ayaui ; fiianshin (不安 
. i 亡、) na ; kowai ; osoroshii. 

Alarmist, n. Jdyiika (祀憂 家). 

Alarmist, a. kiyii (祀 憂) れひ. 

Alas I inter j. aa ; satemo-satemo ; 
aicare ya ; aware naru kana. 

Albatross, n. (diomedea derogata) 
kuroahodori ; (d. brachyiira) ahodori ; 
hakattori ; shinten-d (1^ 言 天 翁), 

Albicore, n. maguro ; shibi-maguro. 

Albino, n. shirakJco. 

Album, n. shogwajd { ^gipj). 

photographic , shashlnjo 

(^Mfi) ; shashin-hasami. 

Albumen, n. iampaku ; shiromi ; 
tampaJcushitsu (蛋白 赏). 

Albumenuria, n. tampakunyb (g 
白 尿). 

Alcliemist, n. renklnsha (鍊金 者). 
Ale lie my, n. renkin ; rmkinjutsu 
(鍊金 術). 

Alcoliol, n. shusei (?' 酉椅) ; arukdru ; 

shochu (燒 酎). 
Alcoholic, a, poisoning, 

. shufiei-chudoku (酒淸 中毒). 
Alcoliolism, n. shudoku (酒毒). 
Alcove, n. toko no mi 
Aid el) ar an, n. akahoshi. 
Alder, n. (alnus maritimus) h'm no 


Aider man, n. shi-sanjikwaiin (ffj# 
事會 員); [obsolete expressions : cho- 
yb-gakari ; sodoshi-yorL] 

Alert, a. yudan (油 新) no nai ; nuke- 
me no nai. 

Alert, n. to be on the , ki wo 

shimeie oru ; ki wo kubatte oru. 

Alertness, n. equiv. of Alert foil. 

by koto. 

Aleutian Islands, Areuio-shotd. 
Alg'ae, n. kaiso-zoku (诲草 族) ; kaiso- 

ruim 草 m)' 

Alg"el>ra, n. daisu-gaku (代数 學). 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 32 ] 


Algebraical, a. daisu-gaku no. 
Alias, n. gimei (鶴 名); hemmei (變 名). 

to take an , gimei s. 

Alien, n. iakokujin (他國 人); gwai- 

kokujin (夕 卜 ^ 人), 
Alien, a. (different) kawaUa ; 

chigatta ; kotonatta ; (foreign) ia- 

koicu no ; gwaikoku no. 

Alienability, n. yudzurareru koto. 

Alienable, a. yudzurareru ; yudzuri- 
watashi no dekiru. 

Alienate, t.v. (estrange) tbzake-ru ; 
tolzekkd (絕 交) s ; rikan (離間) s ; 
hedate-ru ; soen t 疏遠) ni s ; (transfer) 
qjudzuru ; yudzuri-watasu. 

to affection between 

ir lends, tomodachi れひ Tiaka wo 

to be ed, soen ni nam. 

Alienation, n. (act of) equiv. of 
Alienate foil, by koto ; (estrange- 
ment) soen ; rikan ; kakui (隔意) ; 
aisodzukashi ; zekko ; (mental) sei- 
shin-sakuran (精' じ、 錯亂 ); (of terri- 
tory) katsujd (割 讓) ; (transfer) yu- 

Alig'lit, i.v. ori-ru ; kudaru ; (from a 
vehicle) gesha (下車) s ; (on a tree) 

Aliglit, a. the lamps are , 

akari ga tsuiie oru. 

Ali^n, t.v. narabe'ru ; ichiretsu{ —歹 ij) 
ni s. 

Alignment, n. naraU ; (act of) 
eqiiiy. of Align foil, by koto ; (mil.) 
seiion (整頓). 

Alike, a. nita ; niyotta ; ruiji (頌 似) 
910 ; ichiyo (一 樣) no. 

to be , nUe oru ; nvuoni. 

Alike, adv. doyo (同 樣) れ i ; hitoshiku. 
Alimentary, ajiyo は 養) no. 

canal, eiyokwan (營養 管') ; 

shoshokJcwan (涫食 管). 
Alimony, n. yashinairyo ; [CiT. 
Pro.] ; hekkyo-ieateryo ; fvjoryd (扶助 
料) ; (to a divorced wif6) rienkin (離 
、緣 金). : 

Alive, a. (exhibiting motion) kwatsudd 
(活動) 加 ; ugoku ; (living) ikiia ; 

(sprightly) kwaikwatsu (快活) no ; 
kwappatsu (活 稗) na ; (susceptible t ひ 
emotion) kanji-^asui. 
are your parents still ? 

go rydshin (兩 ipj wa go zommei (存 
命) de irasshaimasur Jca. 

to "be , ikite oru ; zommei shite 

oru ; (of a tree) midzu wo agete 

to keep , ikashite oku. 

Alkali, n. arukari ; [in combmatiorL 

with, another word kari (/flj 


Alkaline, a. arukari ni kasubeki r 
arukari-sei (fi 爾カ n 里 生) no. 

flavour, arukari no ajiwai. 

All, a. subete no ; issai (一切) no; 
nokoradzu no ; moro-moro m> ; mina- 
no ; Imina, nokoradzu, and shikkai 
(悉皆) are adverbs]. 

the ships have left, fune 

wa nokoradzu shuppan (出帆) shita. 

the soldiers ran away, 

heisotsu (兵 宇) wa mina nigeta. 

I have paid off my debts, 

shakkin (借金) wa shikkai (悉皆 5 
haratte shimatta. 

I will "buy these, kore wo 

mina kab. 
All is likewise sometimes expr. by & 
negation of the individual ; as, 

know, shiranai mono wa naL 

men love money, ningen- 

(人間) ni kane no Jcirai ? la mono wa 

at once (together), ichidd (― 

同) れ i. 

countries, hankoTcu (萬 國> 

k ひ kkoku (各 國). 

day, ichinichi ; shujitsu (終 

) ; higana-ichinichi. 
four died, yoUari to mo shin- 

generations, bansei (萬 世) ; 

bandai (萬 代). 

...... men, bammin (萬 民); dar& 

de mo, 

night, shuya (終夜》; yojil 

(夜中); yoppite ; yoddshi. 

of a sudden, niwaka ni; 

toisuzen (突然).; dashinuJce ni ; fui 
(不意) 以 - . 
...... of you, mina sama ; mina 

san ; mina. • 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 33 ] 


one, gombei-tarohel. 

…… one's life, shilshin (終^ ) ; 
shdgal (生 iM). 

over (covering everything), 

hettarl ; beta ichi-men. 

over mud, doro-darake. 

...... over oil, ahura-darake. 

over the world, sekai-iu {tft- 

界 中). 

the better, nao ii. 

the provinces (of Japan), 

shokolcu (諸 國). 

there are, are-girl ; noko- 

radzu ; ariftake. 

tlie world, sekalju. 

the year round, nenjil (年 


tiling's, hamhutsu (萬 物). 

will go in, hairl-Jcire-ni. 

at events, nani shiro ; idzure 

ni shite mo ; to mo kaku mo. 

"box and , hako no mam% de ; 

hako goto. 

by …… means, zeM (是 さ!;) ; zehi 
to mo ; dozo. • 

for that, da ga ; da keredo- 


ill …… , isugo (者 [5 合); nokoradzu 
de ; mina de. 

it is : gone, md tsukimashiia ; 

mS mina ni narlmashiia ; mo naku- 
7iaUa. • 
it is ...... over (finished), mo 

o siiimai da ; mo shikata ga 7iai. 
[i. e. there is no help for it] . 

It is over with him, ano 

hito tea mo totemo dame da ; mo 
totemo kono yo no Into de wa aru- 

ii' IS the same, hitotsu koto 

da ; onaji koto da ; (in neg.) 
kawari ga nai. 

not at , suJcoshi mo ; issetsu 

(一七 刀); nekkara ; chitto mo ; Hckb 
(— fS]) ; [all with a neg.]. 

this is there is, kore kiri 

da ; kore de ariUake desu. 

to be sola, uri-kirete oru. 

to walk on fours, yotsumhai 

ni aruku. 

with. ...... one's heart (devot- 
edly), shin ('じ、) kara. 

Altay, t.v. (excitement) nadame-ru ; 
(pain, etc.) yawarage-ru ; shidzime-ru. 

to "be ed, yawaragu ; shidzu- 

maru ; genji-ru. ' 

Allegation, n. moshl-taie ; ii-taie ; 
shucho (主 翁) ; (act of) equiv. of 
Allege foil, by koto. 

…… of fact, jijUsujo (事實 上) no 

shucho [Civ. Pro.]. 

Alleg'e, t.v. U-tate-ru ; moshi-tate-ni ; 
shucho s. 

Allegiance, n. chugi (忠義) ; (to a 
king, etc.) gimu (^^). 

oath of , chujun no seiyaku 

(忠 順ノ 誓約). ' 

to return to one's , kijun 

(歸 順) s. 

Allegorical, a. Uyuteki (比喻 的) 
[no) ; tatoe no. 

Allegorically, adv. hiyuteki ni ; 

Allegory, n. iatoe ; hiyu (J: ヒ卩 10 ; 

Alleviate, t.v. yumme'ru ; herasu ; 
cjenji ru ; yaimrage ru ; (sorrow) 

to be d, raku (樂) ni nam ; 

yurumu ; yawara(ju ; usuracju. 

Alleviation, n. (act of) equiv. of 
Alleviate foil, by koto, or words 
below foil, by suru koto ; (pain) kei- 
f/en (輕' 减) ; (sorrow) an-'i (安 慰) ; bid 
(撫 慰)' 

Alleviafcoi-y, a. Alleviate (t.v.) 
used as adj. 

A) ley, n. roji (路 次) ; komiehi. 

Dlmd , ikidomari no roji (^^ 


Alliance, n. ddmei (同 12). 

Anglo - Japanese , Mchi-Ei- 

日英 同盟). 

offensive and defensive , 

kbshu-dbmei (攻守 [^盟 ). 
the Triple Alliance, sangoku- 
5me け三國 同盟). 

Allied, a. (resembling) ruiji (類似) 
no ; ruiji shita. 

countries, domeikoku し 司盟 


troops, rengogun (聯合 軍). 

Alligator, n. icani ; gakiigyo (鍾 魚). 

Hosted by Goo ヌ k 


[ 34 ] 


Allonge, n. (of a bill) hosen (補 箋) 
[Com. Co.] ; fusen (付箋). 

Allot, t.y. (to a person) nijbwnnpai (分 
Sfi) s ; nilwaritsuke-ru ; nilwari- 
tcatasu ; ni/haito 當) s ; (to a pur- 
pose) ni I aie-hame-ru . 

Allotment, n. haitd ; bumpai ; wari- 
watashi ; wari-tsuke ; (thing allotted) 
bumpaibutsu (分配 物 j ; haitdbutsu (配 
當 物). 

Allow, t.v. (agree) shodaku (承 諸) s ; 
s7i5iw (承引) s; shochi (承^), s; (an 
argument) mitome-ru ; stmnm (承 まな) 
s ; (a request) kiki-ire-ru ; (give) atae- 
ru ; kyoyo (許 與) s ; kyilyo (給 與) s ; 
sadzuke-ru ; (permit) yurusu ; kyoka 
(f^pj) s ; also expr. by the causative 
form of the verb ; as, . 

the authorities Inm to 

sell playing- cards, sono suji 
wcb ano Into ni karuta wo uraseie 

we him to do as he likes, 

ano hifo no sulci no yd ni sasete 

Allowable, a. yurusu koto no deJciru- 
Allowance, n. (act of) eqniv. of 
Allow foil, by koto ; (money) teate- 
]cin ; (that which is given) teaie ; 
hyuyo-hutsu (給與 物). 

....;, of rice (in lieu of wages), 
fuchi [obs.]. 

annual , nenldn (年金); 

[samurai's pension) karoku (豕 5^). 

field service , senp-zoho (戰 

時 増俸). 

horse , laryo (馬 料). 

lodging- …… , takuryb (宅 料). 

mess , shokuryo (食) ft). 

outfit shodo-nyfukuryo 、初 

度 被服 料) ; shiiakuryo (仕度 料). 

please make s icr me, o 

sasshi kudasai ; go rydsatsu (fy. 祭/ 
wo negaiiai. 

ration , kohun-kyuyo (O 分紛 


to make s for (take into 

consideration), wo/shakuryo (酌 
量) s' 

Alloy, n. (compound) kongd-kinzoku 
(il 合金 屬) ; Qolcin (合金) ; Jcon—utsu 
合 物) ; (inetal admixed) mazemono. 
[shakudo (赤銅) is a Japanese alloy 

of copper and gold, shibuichi (四:^ 一) 
of three parts of copper to one of 
silver] . 

Alloy, t.v. nilmaze-ru ; nilmajie-ru. 

Allude, i.Y. to to, wo I sashite iu ; 

(hint at) honomekasu ; nioicasu ; td- 
mawashi ni iu ; wo ばな (諷) s ; (in- 
sinuate) nijate-tsuke-ru ; nijate- 

Allure, t.v. hikldzurl-komu ; soso- 
nokasu ; yuwaku (誘惑) s. 

Allurement, n. yuwaku ; soso- 
nokashi ; (act of) equiv. of Allure 
foil, by koio. 

Alluring', a. kokoro wo Idlcu yd na. 

Alluringly, adv. kokoro wo hiku yd 

Allusion, n. fugen (諷 言) ; (insinua- 
tion) atetsuke. 

Alluvial, a. sado (砂土) れ o. 

deposit, chmaeibutsu (沈 泥 


Ally, n. domeisha (同盟 者) ; (confeder- 
ate in crime) katbdo ; (in war) 
mikata ; (of a country) domeikoku (同 
盟國 )• 

to make an of, wo I mikata 

ni s. 

Ally, t.v. to one's self with, 

no I mikata rd tsuku ; tolmusuhu ; 
tolgaitai (合 鉢) s ; (of a country) 
io/ddmei (同 ま) wo musuhu. 
Almanac, n. koyomi ; (in book 
form) ioji-goyomi ; ryakureki (略 曆) ; 
(in sheet form) hashira-goyomi. 
Aliniglity, a. zenno (全能) no ; tsu- 
viki:jizai (通力 自在) れ。 ; daiji-mi- 
ryoku (大 自在 力) no ; jmisurifci (神 通 
力) aru. 

Almiglity, n. the ...... , Jotei (上 

帝) ; Kami. 
Almond, n. amando : hotankyo (扁 

桃); hcttankyb (巴且 杏). 
Almost, adv. hotondo ; taliel ; yaya ; 
mo sukoshi de. 

…… all, taigai {-kM) I 滅 ei {k 
^) ; kubu-ddri. 

all gone, taitei nakunaita. 

Hosted by Goo ヌ k 


[ 35 ] 


dead, shini-kakatta ; shinu 

haJcari de atta ; (of a suicide) shini- 
sokonafta ; shini-hagureta. 

he is well, hotondo naorl- 


It IS five ri, go ri ni chikai. 

Alms, n. hodokoshi ; gienkin (義す 尾 金); 
shlnse-kin (賑施 会) ; (aid) suJcui ; (ob- 
jects given) semotsu ; (oftertorv) sai- 
sen (賽錢 ). 

Alms-box, n. (before a shrine) sai- 
sen-bako ; (in a public place) gim- 

Alms-giver, n. jizenka (慈善家); 
hodokoshi wo suru hito. 

Alms-giving", n. hodokoshi : gien. 

Alms-lioiise, n. ydik'idn (養育 院). 

Aloe, n. rokwai (蘆 薈). 

Aloes-wood, n.jlnkd (沈香). 

Aloft, adv. (naut.) hohashira no ue 

ni; ャ kijd i^h) ni. 
Alone, a6.Y. hitori de ; tan ni ; hakari. 

leave it (i.e. don't touch it), 

ijirima ; sawaruna. 

living" , hitori-zumai. 

sitting" , dokuza (蹈 座). 

to let (not to alter), sono 

mama ni shite oku ; utchatte oku ; 

hotte oku. 

to stand (without allies, 

etc.), koriisu (孤立) s. 
travelling' , hitoH-tabi. 

Along , adv. (lengthwise) tate ni ; 

all (all the way), zidto. 

with, to issho (一所) ni ; to 

tomo rd. 

come , o ide ; Sa ! o ide ; koi. 

go (be quiet), o yoslii yo ; o 

yoshi nasal ; yoshi tamae. 

it is all of him (vulg.), 

aitsu no o kage da. 

f will go with you, go 

issho 7ii rnairimasho ; o tomo itashi- 

to bring" with one, (a per- 
son or animal) tsurete ku-ru ; (a 
thing) motte ku-ru ; jisan (持参) s. 
to pull , hlkidzuru. 

Along', prep. the mud wall, 

kabe wo tsiitawatte. 

the roofs, yane-dzidai ni. 

the shore, hama-dzuiai ni. 

put these pots all the 

edge of the verandah, kono 
hachi wo engawa 7io hana e naraheie 

there are houses all the 

road from Shimbashi to Shina- 
gawa, Shimbashi kara Shinagawa 
made ie-isiidzukl da. 

to pass , (i.v.) wo/fdru ; (t.v.) 

100 /i dsn. 

to sail the coast, kaigan 

(海岸) ni soite idru. 

Alongside, adv. soha ni. 

put the boat , jlki soha e 


to bring" the pier, samhashi 

e yokodzuke ni s. 

to lie (of a ship), jiki soha 

ni kakatie oru. 

Aloof, adv. he seems to keep 

from me, ano hito wa icaiakushi 
wo sakete oru yosu da. 

ministry which stands 

from parties, ehdzen-naikaku (超 
然 内閣). 

to keep from, (i.v.) ni/ 

lozakaru ; (t.v.) ico / tozake-riL ; wo I 

to stand , takami de kemhntsu 


to stand from political 

parties, seitd-igicai (政 禽以 タト) ni 
taisu. ' 

Aloud, adv. dgoe ae ; oki na koe de ; 

koe wo ageie ; koe ico takuku shiie ; 
daion (;^ 音) de ; kosei (高 聲) de ; 
Jcowadaka ni. 

Alpaca, *. 

Alphabet, n. A. B. C. ; iroha [the 
latter properly restricted to the 
Japanese syllabary]. 

Alphabetical order, iroha-jun. 
Already, adv. mo ; mohaya ; sude ni. 

decided, (a.) kitei (ix 定) no. 

Also, adv. and conj. (connecting 

clauses) mata ; (in addition) mo ; 

(likewise) yaharl. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


and , yahari ; oyohi ; 

(formal) narahi ni. _ 

I will go, wataJcushi mo iko. 

not only, but , Imlcari 

de naku mo ; (formal)' noini- 

naradzu ; as, it was not only 

unamusing tut expensive 

fuyukwai (不愉快) na nomi-naradzu 
nao fuhen (不? i^) de atta ; put in 

not only ibis but xliat, 

Jcore hakari de naku sore mo irero. 

Altar, n. midcm (祭お 1) ; seidan (聖 
^) ; (Anglican) seitaku (萼 卓) ; (Bud- 
dbist) kodzukuG ; korodai (き 世: ; 
(Shintoist) kumotsudai (^^クぶ饔). 

family , (Buddhist) butsudan 

(佛麼 ) ; (Shintoist) kamidana. 

Altar-cloth, n. (Buddhist) uchi- 

Alter, t.v. (a document) kaki-naosu ; 
kaJci-Jcae-ru ; (change) kae-ru ; hmji' 
ru ; henko (變更 ) s ; (correct) naosu \ 
aratame ru ; (revise) kaisei (改正) s. 

to one's mind, Jdgawari s ; 

wa]ki fja kuwaru ; kokoro-gavcari 

Alter, i.T. kaicaru ; (for the oetter) 
naoru ; amtamaru. 

to for tlie better, yoi ho e 

kawaru ; (morally) た ais7iin (改, じ、) s. 

to for the worse, icarui no 

e kawaru. 

Alteration, n. henkwa 達 化) ; kai- 
heri (^®) ; Jccmari ; (act of) henko 
(蠻 5l) ; equiv. of Alter (t.v.) foil, by 
koto ; (amendment in a law) shusei 
(修正); (in a building) moyd-gae ; 
kaichiku (改築) ; (in a document) 
Jcaki-naoshita toJcoro ; 卞 kaiji () 次字レ 
(reYision, of a law, etc.) kaisei. 

Altercation, n. sown (爭 論) ; kdron 
【口論) ; isakai ; gekiron (叙 論). 

Alternate, i.v. kawari-gawan m s ; 

koiai (交代) s. 
Alternate, a. tagai no ; chigai no ; 
kogo (交互) no. 

current (elec), koban-denriju 

(交畨 電流). 

on days, ichi-nichl oki ni ; 

kaknjUsu (pj^ 曰 ) ? li. 


Alternately, adv. (of the object) 
iori-kaeko nl ; hitotsu ok'i m. [ioi'i- 

kaeko ni mean<^ in the sense of 

first one, and then the other in its 

place ; hitotsu oki ni means with 

the omission of every second in- 
dividual] ; (of the person) kxwari- 
gawari ni ; kawari-banko ni ; (of 
times) ichido-gawari ni ; alternation 
of the action is expr. by the repeti- 
tion of the frequentative form ; as, 

he lives at ToKyo and 

Yokohama, Tokyo ni sundari 

Yokohama ni sundari s. 

to drink , yaitari ioitari shite 


Alternative, n. shiyd ; shikata. 

must choose one of two s 

either or , ka 

ka nisha (二者) sono itsu wo 

erabanakereba miranu. 

there are only two s, 

futatsu shilca michi ga nai. 

there is no other , .wka ni 

shiyd ga nai, 

to ch-oose one of two s, 

futatsu no uchi hitotsu wo erabu ; 
nito (二 途) no uchi itio (一途) wo 

Alternation, n. Immari-gamari ; 
jimkLcan (循環) ;' koiai i^iK)- 

Altbea, n. mukuge ; tachi-cioi. 

AltllOUgb, coni. keredomo ; io wet 
ie ; io iedomo ; ga [all post-posi- 
tive] ; also expr. by the concessive 
forms of the verb. 

Altitude, n. takasa ; (astron.) koda 

Altogether, adv. mina issho {—pft) 
ni ; nokoradzu ; ichidd (一 固); (in 
fine) kekkyoku (結局); - tsmnari ; 
(quite) matiaku. 
how much does it come to 

? shlmeie ikura ni nam ka ; 

mbm de, or tsugo (都合), (lore hodo 
ni naru ka ; sdkei (總、 ff ) ikiira ni 
naru ka. 

not , anagachi ; sonna ni 

[both with neg. verb]. 
Alto-relievo, n. ukiage-borl ; uki- 

[ 36 ] 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 37 ] 


AltriiLsin, n. r Ha shin ; aiia- 

shln (愛 他心) ; aiiashuiji (愛 他 主 議). 

Altruist, n. ritashugi (承 IJfty 主 読) no 

Altruistic, a. rita-teki (利他 的) [no).- 

Alum, n. myoban (明 攀). 

Alumiiiiiiiii, n. * (亞爾 密尼謨 ). 

Always, adv. itsu de mo ; shoicliu ; 
shvju (始終) ; tsune ni ; taedzu ; (eter- 
nally) itsu made mo ; dkyii (永久) ni. 

he is out when I go, itsu 

ate mo rusu da. 

Am, i.v. ciru ; oru ; i-ru. [See also 

A.M., gozen (午前). 

Aiiialgaiii, 11. (mixture.) konqbhutsu 

見合 物). ' 
Aiiialgaiiiate, t.Y. (mix) maze- 

awasu ; kongb ひ 合) s ; (unite) gap- 

J?)eU 合併) s. 

Ainalgaiiiate, i.v. (jattai (合体) s; 
hitoisu ni nam ; (of companies, 
parties, etc.) gappei s. 

Aiiialgailiation, n. (act of) equiv. 
of Amalgamate foil, by koto ; (mix- 
ing together) kongb ; (unitiDg) gap- 
pei ; (jbdo (合同). ' 

Amass, t.v. iakuwcie-nt ; tame-ru ; 
atsume-ru ; chikuseki (蓄 債) s. 

Amateur, n. (as opposed to pro- 
fesional) shirdto. 

Aiuateiirisll, a. shirdto -hanare no 
shinai ; shoshln-rashii (初, じ、), 
to be , shirdto-ge de aru. 

Aiiiateiirislily, adv. shirdio-hmiare 
sedzu ni ; shirdto-ge de. 

Ainateurisliiiess, n. shirdto-ge. 
Aiuatory, a. remho (戀 慕) no ; ren- 
ai no ; aijd (愛情) no. 

Aiuaiirosis, n. sokohi ; aki-mekura ; 

kokumisho (黑内 蹿). 
Amaze, t.v. odor oka su ; hikkuri sase- 


to be d, likkuri s ; akire-ru ; 

kimo wo tsubusu ; tamaqe-ru ; gyb- 
ten (仰天) s. ' ' 

Ainaze】ntMit, n. r/i/otm ; or other 
equiv. of To be amazed foil, by 

Amazing*, a. hikkuri suru hodo no ; 
(jybten sum ; odoroku-heki. 

Amazingly, ady. hikkuri suru hodo ; 
gyoten suru hodo. 

Amazon, n. Amazona. 

Ambassador, n. (resident ) taishi (大 
使); (special envoy) tokushi (特使); 
tokuha-taishi (特派;^ 使). 

at the Court of , 

cMsafsu-taishi (駐 剳ヌく 使). 

extraordinary and pleni- 

. potentiary, toku md-zenken-ta ish i 
(特ぁ 全 權プミ 使). 
Aiubassaclorial, a. taishi no. 
Ambassadorsliip, n. ialshi no 

shoku (大 ひお ノ 職). 
Amber, n. kohaku (l^jQ). 
Aiiibiflex trous, a. ryoie-klki no ; 

rybte-dzukai no. 
Ambiguity^ n, equiv. of Ambi- 
guous foil, by koto. 

Aiiibig'uoiis, a. aimed 昧) na ; 
bonyari shit a ; hakkiri shinai ; fu- 
mei (不明) na ; f umeiryd (不明 壳) na. 

Aiiibiguously, adv. honyari to ; 
aimai ni ; fumei ni ; fumeiryd ni. 

Ambition, n. Zaimd (大望); komyd- 
shin (功名, 亡、); meiyoshin (名 拳' じ、); 
(in a bad sense) kachi-ki ; yashin (B!f 
'じ、) ; haki (覇氣 ). ' 

Ainbitious, a. tawid no aru ; kd- 
mydshin れひ ひ? ; meiyoshin no aru ; 
(in a bad sense) kachi-ki na ; yashin 
na ; (of power) ken (灌) wo musdboru. 

Ai iilbitiously, adv. taimd ico idaite. 

Amble, i.v. daku-ashl ni hashini. 

Amble, n. daku-ashi. 

Ambulance, n. yasen-hydin 戰病 
院); yildd-bydiii (MM 病ま). 
cart, f ushdsha-vmpcmsha 

f 募 者 運搬- ni). 

corps, yami-eiseKai (醉 戟衞 

生 隊). 

Ambuscade, n. (place) maifukvjd 
(现 伏塲) ; (troops in ambush) 
zei; fukuhei (伏兵). 

Hosted by Goo ヌ k 

..べ,ゃ^^ニ".べ つ, ilijll^i. , . ^.^^^I^r -、 リ" .,1V. 」 7:- ふ つ. v*??^、,f^JIr.y?^ つ 


Ambusli, n. maifuku (埋 伏). 

to fall into an , fulcuhei ni 


to lie in , maifuku (埋 伏) s ; 

fulcuhei wo s. 

Ameliorate, t.v. hairyd (改 K) s ; 
yoku s ; Icaisei (改正) s. 

一 Amelioration, n. kairyd ; kxisei ; 
(act of) equiv. of Ameliorate foil, by 

Amen,* [pron. Ahmen]. 

Amenable, a. (to jurisdiction) ni/ 

zoku (H) sum ; nij shitagau-heki ; ni/ 
fnkvju (月 &從) siiheki ; (to persua- 
sion) iu koto wo kiku [lit. listens 
to what is said]. 

this controversy is not to 

ordinary diplomatic methods, 
kono funso (紛爭 ) wa tsi<jd (通常). 
no gicaikd-tetsudzuJci (夕 卜 交 手 if^) ni 
yoite shori (處理 ) suru koto ga 

Amend, t.v. naosu ; araiame-ru ; (a 
document) teisei (訂 E) s ; kaizan 
fi ; (an institution) kaikaku 
革 j s ; kaisei (改正) s; (a law) shusei 
(修正) s. 

to one's conduct, kaishin 

• (改 ゝ) s ; okonai wo naosu. 

Amend, i.v . naom ; araiamaru ; 
(of a disease) kwaifio (1^ 方) ni mukau. 

Amenclment, n. (act of) eqtiiv 
of Amend foil, by koto ; (of a com- 
position) tensaku ('添削) ; (of a law, 
ete.) Icaisei (改正 j ; (of an institu- 
tion, etc.) kaikaku (改 本) ; (of behavi- 
our) kaishin (l^, じ、) ; shusei (修正) ; 
(parliamentary) shuseian (修正案); 
(parliamentary, proposed) shuseiseisu 
(修正 說). 

Amends, n. (in land) haisho (賠償) ; 
tsugunai ; aganai. 

to make , aganau ; madou. 

to make for to-day I will 

take you somewhere to-mor- 
row, kyo no ume-avcase ni astivta 
doko e ka tsureie itie yard. 
Amenity, n. (of climate) onica (溫 
和) ; (of temper) onryo (溫 良). 

Amenorrliea, n. gekkd-fiichd (月 
ま M 不!^ ); fsukiyaku-fujun. 


Ament,']!. neko. 

Amentia, n. hakuchi (白痴). 

America, n. *; ぶ eifco/cw (来 國). 

Central , Chiid-Amerika. 

Europe and …… , O-Bei (歐 来). 
North ...... , Hoku-Bei (北米). 

South , Minami-Aimrika ; 

A'am-JBe 《(南米). 

TJ. S. of , Gasshukoku (合 衆 

國 )• 

American, a Amerika no ; JSelkoku 

American, n. Amerikajin (5 &来利 加 
A) ; JBeikokujin. 

Amerce, t.v. (fine) ni/bakkin (罰金) 
wo kwa (科) s ; kara/hakkin wo toru, 

Ametliyst, n. sMsekiel (紫 石英) ; 
murasaki-zuishd (紫水晶)' 

Amiability, n. aikyd (愛! ; onjun 

Amiable, a. yasashii ; hitoyaka na ; 
onjun na ; aikyd na [the last parti- 
cularly of women]. 
Amiably, adv. yasashiku ; hitoyaka 

ni ; onjun ni ; aikyd ni. 
Amicable, a. shitashii ; rnutsumajii ; 
shimboku (親睦) na ; yugi-teki {^Wi 
的) no ; (without recourse to war) 
heiwa-teki (平和的) (no). 

arrangement, wadan (和 

談) ; jidan (示談) ; jikudan (熟談). 

relations, konshm (J^ 親) no 


settlement, wakai (和解) 

[Civ. Co., Civ. Pro.]. 
Amicably, adv. shiiashiku ; mutsu- 
majiJcu ; naka-yoku ; odayaka ni ; 
heiwa-teki ni ; yUgi-teki (友 H [的) ni. 

to "be settled, jidan de 


to settle , wakai s ; jwtan s. 

Amidships, adv. sempuku (船腹) ni ; 
fune no mannaka ni. 

helm , ma-kaji. 

Amiss, a. if anything should 

happen , nani ka koto ga atta 

hi ni wa. 

it would not be to do so, 

so shite mo waruku wa animai. 

[ 38 ] 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 39 ] 


nothing' comes to a 

liiingry stomacli, himoju ioki 
no mazui mono nashi. 

there's not mucli , taishita 

koto ja nai. 

to "be , koto ga aru. 

to take , wa I ki ni sawaru. 

Amiss, adv. is usually expr, by a 
compound of sokonau with the indef. 
form of the verb ; as, 

to do , yari-sokonau. 

to hear , kiki-sokonau. 

Amitablia, n. Amida. 

Amity, n. wago ほ n 合) ; washm (禾 n 
親); 6'7 ふ m&ofcit' (親睦); shilkd 、修好). 

treaty of peace and , kowa- 

joyaku (交 和 f 条約). 

Ammonia, n. ammonia (安 誤/ E 亞 )• 
Ammimition, n. danyaku 寧 藥). 

waggon, danyakusha (偉藥 

車) ; yoUsha (豫備 車). 

arms and , neiki-aanyaku 

(兵器 彈藥 ). . , 

a rouna of , danyaku ilcko 

(彈藥 一箇). t 
Amnesty, n. (general) taisha (大赦) 
[Cr. Pro.] ; sdharai ; (special) toku- 

ま (特赦). , 
to grant a general , taistia 

Among', prep, no naka ni ; no uchi 
ni ; no aida ni. 

...... learned persons, gakusha- 

kan (^#r^) ni. 
Amongst, prep. マ. Among. 

Amorous, a. iajd (多 ft) na ; (of 
men) onna-dzuH na ; (of women) 
otoko-dzuki na. 

to put on looks, irome wo 


Amorously, aclv. airashiku ; jo wo 

Amorousness, n. tajo ; ren-ai (戀 

Amorphous, a. ynushdkei (無晶 形) 

Amortization, n. shokyaku (消却) 

[Com. Co.]. 
Amortize, t.v. shokyaku s. 

Amount, n. taka ; (sum) kingaku 

insured, hoken-kingaku (保 

險 金額 )• 

of loss, sonshitsii-gaJcH (損失 

額); kesson-gaku (欠損き 

it depends on the of, no I 

di-suJcuna'i, or tashd (多少), れ i yoru. 
what is the ? (of a calcu- 
lation) shimete ikura, ― 

whole , sodaka ; sdkei (lEgt) ; 

sojime ; shimedaka. 

to find the , shime'ru. 

Amount, i.v. to to, ni/naru ; 

(be equiyalent to) ni/ataru ; to/ 
onaji koto de aru. 

it s to no more than , 

iada ni todomaru. 

Amour, n. shitsil (私通) ; iro. 

to have an , shitsu (私 迎) 

to have an witli, iii/isuji' 

ru ; nilkuttsuku. 

to tell the story of (a person's) 
s, {hito no) noroke-hanashi 

iriku-rydsel (-水 
'一 (水陸 併 住) 

Ampliibious, a 

陸 兩捿) ? W 

to be • oka ni mo midzu ni mo 

i-ru [lit. to live on land and also 
in water]. 

Ample, a. jiibun (充分) na ; (of gar- 
ments) dburi na ; dahu-dabu shvta 

there are grounds for 

thinking, sbzb (想像) si(ru ni 
amari aru. 

Amply, adv. jillun ni ; iappuri to. 

Amplitication, n. equiv. of Am- 
plify foil, by koto. 

Amplify, t.v. kwatsudai (闊大 ) ni s ; 
okiku s ; kwddai (廣大 ) rd s ; niro- 
me-ru ; (by addition of explanatory 
details) shbsai (詳系 ffl) ni setsumei (ft 
明) 5 ; (in writing) motto nohashite 
kaku ; fuen (敷す 厅) s. 

Amputate, t.v. setsudan (七 刀斷) s. 

Amputation, n. setsudan. 

Amulet, n. mamori ; gofu (護符). 
case, mamori-hukuro. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 40 ] 


Amur JRiver, Kokuryukb (黑龍 江). 

Amuse, t.v. nagusame ru ; omoshiro- 
gcimse'ra .; ianoshimase ru ; asdba- 

to a cliild, Icodomo wo 


to one's self, asohu. 

to one's self with, v:o I na- 

gusami, or tanoshimi, ni s. 

to be d at, ico / okashigani ; 

ICO I omoshuogaru . 

Aiiiiiseclly, adv. omoshiro-sd ni. 

Amuse nient, n. asohi ; nagusamxi ; 
tanoshimi ; goraku (娱樂 ) ; yilgi (3^ 

places of , asoU'ha ; yugi-ha 

(遊戯 場). 

to cause , orn oshirogarase ru. 

Amusing', a. (pleasing) omoshiroi ; 
.kyomi (與 味) no aru ; (slightly ridi- 
culous) okashii. 

Anabaptist, n. saisento (得?^' 徒). 
Ansemia, n. hinketsuhyd (貧血 病) ; 

Anaemic, a. mnketsushd (貧血 1 生) no ; 
chi no ke no usui ; chi no f usoku ( 不 
足) na ; ketsueki-ketsubd (血 波缺 
no, * 

Anaesthesia, n. masui (麻醉 )• 

to be in a state of , masui s. 

Ansestlietic, n. mayaku (麻 藥) ; 

masui-zai (MMM) ; nemuri-gusuri. 
Analects, n. (of Confucius) rongo 


Analogical, a. ruiji (類似) no ; 
ddkei (同形) no. 

Analogically, adv. ruiji ni ; ddkei 

Analog'OUS, a. rdyovi no ; nikayotta ; 
ruiji no ; doyo (同 樣) れ 0. ' 
to "be ., ruiji s. 

Analogously, adv. onaji yd ni ; 
niyotie ; nikayoUe. 

Analogy, n. ruiji ; ddkei ; (literary) 
dogorui (同 語類). 

forced , fukwai (附會 )• 

there is no between the 

cases, kono jiken (事件) wa suko- 
shi mo rwji no ten ga nai. 

Analysis, n. hunkal ; (chemi- 

cal) bunseki (分 拆) ; (logic) suiqen 
(推 原) ; (table) bwisekihyd (分拆 表'). 

Analytical, a. (fig.) sulgen no; 
svAlcyu (推 究) no ; (lit.) hunkai no ; 
bunseki no. 

Analytically, adv. suigm shiie ; 
suikyit shite ; hunkai shite ; bunseJci 

Analyze, t.v. (fig.) suihyd s ; senjl- 
tsume-ru ; (lit.) hunkai s ; bunseki (分 
拆) s ; kaiseki (解 折) s. 

Anarcliical, a. ransd (亂 政) no ; 
museifu (無政府) no ; mv.seifu-teici (iii£ 
政府 的) {no). ' 

Anarchist, n. museifutb-ln (無 政 rf ず 

露 具). ' 

s, museifuio. 

Anarchist, a partv, musei- 


Aiiarcliy, n. museifu (無 政 j き) ; ko- 
ん wrcm. (國亂 ); m?isen 亂 政). 

a country in a state of , 

rangoku (倉 L 國). 
Anasarca, n. suiki (水 氣) ; (early 
stage of) mukumi. 

Anatomical, a. kaibdjuisu (解-剖 術) 
no ; kaihdgaku 音 || 學) no. 

Anatomically, adv. kaihdgaku de ; 
kaibdjuisu de ; kaibo de. 

Anatomist, n. kaibdsha (解咅 卷) ; 

kaitaigaJcnsha [Mt^^^)- 
Anatomy, n. (practical) kaihd ; kai- 

hdjutsu (解剖 術) ; (science of) kaibo- 


Anatomize, t.v. kaibo s. 
Ancestor, n. semo (先 fij ; sosen 
(祉 先); ^sosb (祖宗). 

worship, sosen-reihai (祖先 

鱧 拝). 

festival in honour of the Im- 
perial s, (autumn) shuki-ko- 

reisai (秋季 皇靈 祭) ; (spring) shun- 
ki'kdreisai (春季 皇靈 祭). 

Aucestral, a. (derived from ances- 
tors) senzo-yudzuri no ; senzo yori 
tsutaicatia ; denrai (簿 5^) no ; (per- 
taining to ancestors) senzo (先 組) no ; 
sosen (祖先) no. 

Hosted b ん 00 ヌ 


Ancestry, n. (good birth) iegara ; 
momhatsu (pg 闘 j ; (lineage) keitb (血 
統) ; Jceidzu (系 圖). 

Anchor, n. ikari. 

to cast , ikari wo orosu ; td- 

^yo (fS: 錨) s. 

to lie at , kalmite i-ru ; tei- 

haku shite oru. 

to weig"!! , ikari ico aye-ru ; 

batsiihyd (拔 錨) s. . 

Aiiclior, t.v. ikari wo orosu ; tdhyd s. 
to h... at, rdltobyb s ; ni/ielhaku 
s ; ni/kakaru. 
to be ed, kakatie i-ru. 

Aiicliorai» e, n. kakarl-ha ; teihakvjo 
(碇泊 所). 

dues, teihakuzei (症' ぬ税) ; 

teihakuryo (症 泊 料). 
Ancliorite, n. irdonja (隱遁 者). 
Ancliylosis, n. kicanseisu-kochaku 

(關節 固着). 
Ancient, a. mukashi no ; inishie no ; 
koseJci (古昔) no ; olco (往古) no. 

and modern times, Icokon 

(-占 今) ; ima mo mukashi mo ; kon- 

jaku i 今昔). 

from times, korai (古 來); 

mukashi kara. 

in times, mukashi wa. 

songs and modern, kokln- 

shu (古今 集). 

very , o-mukashl no. 

very times, taiko (太古). 

Ancient, n. kojin (古人); mukashi 
no hito. 

the s, kojin. 

Anciently, adv. mukashi ica ; ini- 
sh'^e wa ; koseici ni ; oko ni. 

And, con j . The conjunction between 
two clauses of a sentence is expr. by 
putting the verb of the first clause 
in the gerunclial form ; as, 

open, a bottle bring it 

here, iokkuri ico akeie motte koi ; 
but if the two verbs are disconnected 
in thought, so shite (so doing) is 
inserted after the gerund at the end 
of the first clause. 

The conjunction of two or more 
nouns is expr. by placing to after 
each, in cases where the nouns are 
oommoDly associated ; as, 

hat iim'breila, hdslu (帽子) 

io kbmori io, 
but the last io is frequently omitted. 
When not nsiially associated ? if, is 
used instead of io after all but the 
last noiin. 

The conjunction of two adjectives is 
expr. variously ; as, 

a short fat man, sei no 

hlkid fvioita otoko. 

cheap durable, yasukute 

johu na. 

he is utterly lazy use- 
less, kata de dajaku (惰弱) de shlyo 
no nai otoko da. 

long slender, hoso-nagal. 

there are both green red 

ones, aol no mo aru shi, akcii no 
mo am. 

The COD junction of gerunds is expr. 
by the frequentative form ; as, 

rising" falling", agattari 

sag attar I. 

The repetition o£ gerunds is expr. 
by doubling the indef. form and 
adding shiie ; as, 

buying" buying", kai-kal 


walking walking", arukl- 

aruki shite. 
So shite and sore- ni are used for 
at the "beginning of a sent- 

is sometimes represented by 

the simple juxtaposition of words ; 

incense fLowers, kd hana. 

wine fish, sake sakana. 

JVarahi ni and oyohi are formal 
expressions for , 

Andrew, n. Andere. - 

Andromeda japoiiiea, asaVx ; 


Aneedote, n. ham え sM ; kidan (奇 
談) ; monog atari ; (of a person no 
longer living) itsiaca (逸話): 

Anemo】iietei', n. fiiryokkel (虱 力 

Aiiemoiie, n. oklna-gusa. 

Aueroicl barometer, mveki-ken- 
(献 i (無 波驗壓 器). 

[ 41 ] 

ーノ a「1 力 I- :Yi ま il^ij ;」 v.^- ノ , i^^^^^^^^J^^^^^ y 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 

[ 42 ] 


Aneurism, n. (serious) ddmyakuryu 

(動脉 瘤) ; (slight) chikobu. 
Anew, adv. araia ni ; sam jii ; (a 

second time) futataU. 
to notify , fure-naosu. 

Angela n. iennin (天人); iennyo (天 
女); (Christian) tenshi (? cf£) J /e?i- 

Angelica japoiiica, sUsU-udo ; 

(a. kiusiana) ashitaha. 

Ang'er, n. ikari ; haradacJii ; rlppu- 
ku {im) ; doki (怒 氣)- 

great , o-hmxidachl ; dai-rlp- 

puku ('た 立腹). 

in a moment of , ittan (一 

1) no haradachi-ma<jire ni. 

Ang'er, t.v. Hppuku sase-ru ; okora- 
se-ru ; ikarase-ru ; ni/hara wo tata- 

Angina pectoris, muna-Uami ; 
kyotsit (胸痛). 

Aiig^le, n. (degree of inclination of a 
slope) kakudo (角度); kbhai (勾配); 
(from the insicie) sumi ; (from the 
outside) kado ; (in geometry) kaku 

acute , eikaku (鋭角). 

of deflection, hen-i-kaku (扁 

倚 角). 

of depression, fukaku (俯 

角). . 

of elevation, qyokaku (仰 

角). ' 

of fire, shakaku (財 角). 

of incidence, kwdsenkaku 

(允 線 角). 

of reflection, hanshakaku 

(反射角); kwaikaku (同 角). _ 

of refraction, sehkwbkaku 

(折 光お; kussetsukaku (屈折角). 

exterior , gwaikaku (タ 角). 

interior , naikaku (j^^). 

obtuse , donkaku 角). 

one , ikkaku (一角 j. 

opposite , talkaku (對 角). 

re- entering" , okaku (四角). 

salient , iokkaku (凸 

Ang'le, i.v. tsuri ico s ; sakana wo 

to for, wo I tsuru. 

Angler, n. uo4snri ; tsur'de ; (fish) 
anko (華 臍 魚). 

Anglican, a and American 

-Episcopalian Church, Nippon- 
6'eifc5/aca け 日本 聖公會 )• 

Angling", n. tsurl. 

Anglo- J apanese, a. Nlchl-El no. 

alliance, Nichi-Ei-domei 

(tJ 英 同盟). 

Ang'rily, adv. haradachi-so ni : oko- 
ri-sd ni ; okotte ; hara v:o iatte ; 
pumpun shite. 
Angry, a. okotia ; ham wo tatta ; 
rippuka (立腹) shite oru. 

to become , oJcoru ; rippuku 

s ; ikaru ; tcajhm'ct ga tatsu ; (of a 
sore) iadare ru. 

to make , okorase-ru ; rippu- 
ku sase-ru ; ikarase-ru ; ham wo 

you are quite right in being 

, go rVppuku wa f/o mottomo 


Angular, a. kado-daita ; kado 71 ひ 

aru ; kadohatta. 
Angularity, n. (of temper) gwanfco 

(領 iH) ; fjwanko (ま 固) ; kadobatte iru 


Anhydrous, a. musui (無水) m. 
Aniline dyes, anir'm-senryo. 
Animadversion , n. hlnan (非 gi) ; 
kenseki (譴責) ; Idtsunom (詰 難). 

Animadvert, i.v. to upon, 

(censure), hinan (非 Si) s ; kenseki 
(譴責) s ; togame-ru ; seme-rii ; ki- 
tsmmn (詰雞 i s. 
Animal, n. (a living creature) ao- 
hutsu (動物) ; (birds and beasts) 
kinju (^^獣); (quadruped) kedamono ; 
chikushb (畜生) ; kemono. 

s, chiJcurui (畜頹 ). 

domestic , kactiiku (家畜). 

wild ...... , yaju (野 獸). 

Animal, a. (as opposed to intel- 
lectual) jushin (獸 心) no. 

charcoal, jiitan (1 ^炭). 

courage, kekJci no yu (血 氣 

ノ 勇). ' 

desires, juyo/cu (獸愁 )• 

fluids, dohutffueki (動キ 勿 波). 

food, nikusholcu (肉食). 

heat, ialon (钵溫 )• 

Hosted by Google 


[ 43 ] 


kingdom, dooutsukai (動物 

界) ; dbhutsumon (轉物 門). 
spirits, kekki (血 氣). 

Animalcule, n. salsho-ddbutsu (最 
小 動物) ; shMdbutsu (小 動物). 

Animate, t.y. (give life to) ni/iama- 
shii wo ire'ru ; ikase-ru ; (stimulate) 
nilkiryoku (氣 力) ico tsuke-ru ; ni/ 
seiki (精 氣) wo tsuke-ru ; hagemasu. 

to be d by, ico/fukunm ; ico/ 


Animate, a. ikiia ; selkl (寧 氣) no 
aru ; in compounds kicatsudo-['(^^). 

Aiiimatert, a. (of places, etc) nigi- 
yaka na . 

photographs, kicatsudd- 

shnshln (活動 焉眞 )• 

Animation, n. kwatsudd. 

wanting- in , kwakk'i (活氣 ) 

no nai. 

Animosity, n. enkon (怨 t^) ; nrami ; 

Aiiiiiiiis, n. akid (惡 意、) ; urami ; 

ikon (遣 恨) • 

Ankle, n. ashikuU. 

"bone, kurohushi. 

-joint, kwakwansdsu (碟 g| 

節). ' 

Ankylosis, n. kwanseisu-kochaku 

(關節 固着). 
Annalist, n. henmn-kisha (編 年 記 

者); fiendai-rekishika (年代 歷 史家). 

AnnalSj n. nendaiki (年代き 已); reJd- 
(歷代 史). 

Anneal, t.v. nilyaki ico modosu ; 
(earthenware) yaku. 

Annex, t.v. (subjoin, as an enclo- 
sure, etc.) soe-rii ; fudzui (附隨 ) s ; 
(territory) heidon (f 并呑) s ; awase-ru ; 
gappei (合併) s. 

Annexation, n. (of territory) hei- 
don ; gappei. 

Annexe, n. (of hotel) shinkwan 
(新 盲官) [lit* new building] ; hanareya ; 
fuzokuya (P 付 屬屋) ; iatemashl [an 
annexe attached to the main build- 

Annexed, p.p. soeta ; fuzolcu (附屬 ) 

documents, fudzid-shorui 

(附隨 書類). 

Anniliilate, t.v. messuru ; horo- 
bosu ; metsubo (滅亡) sase ru ; sozetsu 
(iij^) s ; minogoroshi nl s ; neda- 
yashi s. 

to be d, zemmetsu (全滅) .9 ; 

danzeisu (斷絕 •) s ; jakunietsu (寂滅 j 
s [a Buddhistic expression] , 

Annihilation , n. (destmctiou, ruin) 
metsubo ; zemmetsu ; zetsumetsu (絕 
l^) ; sozetsu ; nedayashi ; (extinc- 
tion of being) jaJciimetsu. 

Anniversary^ n. klnmibi (多 已, 日); 
iwaibi ; (birthday) tanjohi (誕生日 j ; 
(festival) shimensai (屬 年祭) ; (of a 
death) melnichi (命日); shbtsuki-meU 
nichi (祥月命日); (of the Emperor 
of Japan) ienchdsetsu (天長節). 

first , ichinenki ; (of a death) 

isshnki (一週 忌). 

third (of a death), sannenki 

( 三年 忌 ) ; sankwaiici ( 三 fd] 忌 ) . 

Annotate, t.v. ni/chukal (註解) s ; 
nilooc'hii 註) wo fu s ; nilchu- 
shaku (li^) wo ' kuwm'ru ; (with 
kana) holcun (傍 pl) s. 

(i, chushaj£u—{no) ; chushaku 

no tsuiia ; chushaku no haitia. 

Annotation, n. ehukai ; hochii ; 
chushaku ; koyi (講義) ; [kana) hb- 

Annotator, n. cMshakusha (註 釋 
^) ; chukaisha ; bochusha. 

Aimoiince, t.v. (an appointment, 
marriage, etc.) hiro (披露) s ; (inform 
of) tsuge-ru ; shirase'ru ; tsuchi (通知). 
s ; fuichb (ok 聽) s ; (officially) kokuji 
(告示) s ; {publicly) fukoku (^告 ) s ; 
kofu (公布) s ; kokoku (公告) s ; (re- 
port) hokoku (報告) s. 

Announcement, n. hdchi (報知) ; 
sata ; fuicho ; (of an appointment, 
marriage, etc. ) hiro ; (official) kokuji ; 
(public) kokoku ; kofu ; kdgen ; koho 

preliminary , yokcku (豫 


Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 44 ] 


Auuoy, t.Y. (cause inconvenience to) 
komarase'ru ; wadzurawasu ; kum- 
shlme ru ; nayamasu ; ni/melwaku (迷 
惑) wo kake ru ; melwaku sase-ru ; 
(tease) ijhne-rv. 
to get ..... .ed, jire-komu, 

Anuoyance, n. melwaku ; hcmro (煩 
勞); konku (困苦); kiind (苦 惱); 

Annoying', a. 謂 scU ; mem;75 ( 面 gij) 
na ; komatta ; meiwaku na ; wadzu- 
rawashli ; hanro na ; kurushil. 

Annoy in gly, adv. vrusaku ; mendo 
in ; me'maku ni ; hanro ni ; icadzu- 

Annua 1, a. mnnen (年 タ ) no ; reinen 
(f 列 年) れひ; toshi-nami no ; mainen 
(每 年) no ; foshi-doshl no ; (lasting a 
season) ikkisei (一季 生) no ; (lasting 
a year) toshl-goio no ; ichinen-tel (一 
年定) れ ; (performed in a year) ichi- 
nen-kan (—年間) no. 

expenditure, saishuisu 


expenses, nempl (年 費). 

payments, nempu ま). 

salary, nempo (年俸). 

trade report, shbqyb-nem'pb 

(商業 年報). ■ 

to make payments, nempu 

wo harau. 

Annual, n. ioshUjare-sd ; (book or 
report appearing annually) nempo. 

Aiimially, adv. nennen ni ; toshi-goto 
ni ; toshi-nami ni ; mainen ; maldo- 
.shi ; toshi-doshi ni ; saisai 々 ). 

gets larger, toshl-masid ni 

okiku naru. 

All niii taut, n. nenkm-jurydsha (年 
金受頌 者). ' 

Annuity, n. nenJdn (i^ 金). 

for a term of years, yiKjen- 

議 kin (有限^ 金). • 

• for life, shushln-yienkm (終 為 


. deferred , sue okl-nenJcin. 

Annul, t.Y. (abolish) hcdshl (發 iL) s ; 
hai s ; iori-kesu ; (a judgment) hakl 
(被 棄) s ; (an order) tori-kesu ; (as, a 
power of attorney) muk'd (無 功) nl s. 

the contract was led, ya- 

kiijd (糸 勺險) wa liadan ni nntta. 

to a contract, yakiijd wo 

hadan (被 談) s ; kaiyalcu (解 翻) s. 

Anmilar, a. ica-nari no ; marui ; 
kuruma-nari no ; sharin-nari no ; wet- 
gata no. 

eclipse, Jdnkwanshoku (金環 


Annulment, n. ton-keshi ; haishi. 

All nil lU, per , nen (年) ni. 

ten per cent, per , nen ni 


twelve per cent, per , nen 

ichhcarl nl hu ; t sulci ichl Im, 

An nun ciatioii, n (Ang.) mi-tsuf/e. 

Anodyne, n. chlntsuzai (鎮 痛 劑). 
Anoint, t.v. (with oil) ioo/al)ura de 
7mru ; e/abiira wo nuru. 

Anomalous, a. kaku nl hadzureta ; 
halcaku (破 no ; hd-hadzure no ; 
ishiki (違式) 710; fukisoku (不規則) 
no ; hensokuteJcl (戀則 的) no. 

state of things, hentai (® 


Anomalously, adv. kaku nl hadzu- 
rete ; hd-hadzure ni ; fukisoku ni ; 
ha'kaku ni ; hensokii ni. 

Anomaly, n. hdhadzure ; hensoku 

(謹 則); ほ 1囊 (奇観). 
Anon, adv. ottsuke ; iadaima. 

Anoiiymotis, a. mwnel 無名) ?w ; 
ioJciimel (匿名) no. 

association, tokumei-kumi- 

a え (匿名 組合) [Com. Co.]. 

letter, tokume'i no shojo (書 


Aiiouymousl y, adv. mumel de ; to- 
kumel de. 

Another, a. (in exchange) kawarl 
no ; (not the same) tioka no ; betsu 
no ; ta no ; ima hiiotsu no. 

day, gonichi (後日); (at some 

future date) iajitsu (fill 曰 j ; mata 
no hi. 

person, hoka no hito ; hetsu- 

jin (3!) 人); yonin (餘 人); (as dis- 
tinguished from one's self) yoso 
no Into ; ta no hito ; kilo ; as, do 

not to person what you 

would not liave done to your- 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 45 ] 


self, onore no hossezaru tokoro hito 
ni hodokosu koto luikare [proY.]. 

one, (in addition) hoka nl 

hitoisu ; mo tiitotsu ; (in exchaDge) 

mo hitotsu no ; hoka no. 

time, (joshite ; (jokoku (後 

刻). . . 

one , ai-tagat no. 

one after , damlan (H^ ❖ ) ni ; 

junjiai (|| 頃 々 ) ni ; hitori-bilorl ni ; 

Answer, n. Jienjl (返事) ; hento (返 
答) ; kotae ; aisaisu ; (to a letter) 
kwaitb (同 答) ; henkan (返 翰) ; hen- 
sho (返書); (in law) toben (答 辯); 
tdhensho (答 辯 書) [Cr. Pro., CAy. Pro.] 

definite , kakutb (確答). 

immediate , sokuld (艮 答). 

Answer, t.y. kotae-ru ; nl/henf 
^co .9. 

to the purpose, (in default 

of a better) ma, ni au ; (properly) 
teJcito (適 當) s. 

Answer, i.v. henjl wo s ; henio s ; 
aisaisu s ; kotae-ra ; o henji ico s ; 
o kotae s [the two last polite] ; (by 
letter) kicaitd s. 
to "back again (of a ser- 

vant), kuchi-herdo s ; kuclii-gotae 
100 s. 

to for, (be responsible for) 

uke-au ; no! seme ico ou ; hosho 

to for it, ukeau. 

Answerable, a. (capable of being 
answered) koiae no deJciru ; henji no 
(lekiru ; hento no dekiru. 

to be for, no/seme ni atarv , 

or nlnjl-ru. 

to be to, ni taishite/sekinbi 

(責任) ctru. 

to hold one's self for, Mki- 


who is for that ? sore wa 

dare no ukemochl, or sekinin, da 
[of a duty]. 

Ant, n. arl. 

white , ha-ari. 

Antagonism, n. telkd 抗) ; han- 
tai (皮 對) ; (between nations) teki- 
iiaish'm (^^像心), 

Aiitag'Oilist, n. aiie ; tekishu (敵 
手) ; (enemy) tekl ; (enemy of long 
standing) kyidekl (^fe) ; ひ d" ; ka- 

AntagonivStic, a. tekltal (敵 對) no ; 
hantal no. 

to "be (fig.)> sakarau. 

to "become , teki ni naru. 

Antarctic, a. nankyoku (南極) no. 

circle, nankyokken (| ^極 圜). 

ocean, nankyokuyo (南極洋) ; 

nampydkal (南 氷?^). 
pole, nankyoku. 

Antecedent, a. mae no ; izen (J^ 前) 

710 ; zea no. 

Antecedent, n. (gram.) senkdji (先 
行 辭). 

Antecedents, n. senrel (先 冽) ; 
(life history) raireld (來歷 ) ; rirekl 
(履 歷) ; si'jd (素性) ; (of a servant) 

Antedate, t.v. ni/isukl-hl wo yokl 
(豫 IE) sh'de oku ; nolhidzuke wo kurl- 
ageie kaku. 

Antediluvian, a. daikddzul-zen {'h 

洪水 前) no. 
Antelope, n. sheep-faced , 

Antennae, n. tsuno ; shokunid (觸 

毛 shokkaku (觸 角). 
Anterior, a. (of place) mae no ; (of 

time) mae no ; izen (以前) no ; zen (前) 

no ; saki no. 

Anteroom, n. dsetsujo (應 攀處) ; 
machiai'shiisu ; so to no m2 ; (in the 
Imp. Household Dept.) tamari no ma. 

Anthem, n. (hymn) samhika, 

national , kokka (國默 )• 

[The Japanese national anthem 
is known as " Kiml-ga-yo" the 
British as " Himune ,,]. 

All til er, n. oshibe no atama. 
Ant-bill, n. arklzuka ; ari no to 

AntliOlog:y, n. (Chinese) shikushu 
(詩 旬 集); '('Japanese) wakashil (初 歌 
桌) ; (poems, etc.) kakushu (欧も 集). 

Antlirax, n. tansonetsu (炭 H [熱). 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


An t lir opol ogic al , a. jinruigaku 
no ; jinseigaku no. 

society, jinruigakkicai ( 人頹 

學會) • 

Aiitliropology, n. jinruigaku ( 人頹 
學); ゾ ひ "Thi (八 性 學). 

Antliropomorplious, a. jinrui (人 
類) no ; hito ni rui shita. 

Anthropomorphism, n. shinjin- 
ddkei-sctsu (神 入 同形 說 ) • 

Anti-, usually expr. by hi (^き), or 
hantai (反 對); as, 

...... government party, seifu- 

hantai-td (政 庥反對 露). 

Semitic party, hi-Yudaya- 

jin-td (非 猶太 人 懿). ' 
Anticipate, t.v. (act before another) 
semhen (先!' 顿) wo tsuke-ru ; ni/sen wo 
kosu ; (expect) maisu ; machi-uke-ru ; 
(foresee) senken (先 1) s ; mae kara 
S'hiru ; mi-tosu ; (take oefore another, 
or before the proper time) saki-dori 
s ; mikoshi wo tsuke-ru ; (think be- 
forehand) yosb (豫 想) s ; yoki (豫' 切) 

to "be d, sen wo kosase ru. 

Anticipated, a. yoki no. 

Anticipatory, a. mikoshi no. 

importation (in expecta- 
tion of increased duties), mikoshi- 

Anticipation, n, senken ; yoso ; yo- 
ki ; yoryo (像 [See Anticipate 
for different meanings]. 

in , mae-motie ; mae kara ; 


in of, wo mikonde. 

Antidote, n. gedokuzai (解毒 劑) ; 

Antifebrile, n. netsu-samashi ; 
genetsumi (解熱 劑) ; kunefsuzai (驅熱 


Anti-foreigii, a. haigicaiteki (排夕 卜 
的) 服 

Auti-governiiient, a. seifu-hantai 

(政府 反對) no. 
Aiitiiioniiaiiis】n, n. jiritsu-haihan- 

r(m (自律 背反 論). 

Antimony, n. *. 


Antipathy, n. ken-o (嫌悪); kenki 
(嫌忌) ; en-o (厭 惡) ; a1cu-kanj5 (惡惑 
情) ; (unreasonable) ke-girai. 

cats and dogs have an to 

one anotber, inu to neko to ica 
sho (f 生) (ja awanai. 

I have an to that, are ica 

icatakushi ga dai kirai da. 

personal (unreasonable), 

j'mnhutsu ( A 4'^) no ke-girai. 

Antiphlogistic, n. bdkinyaku (防 
掀藥 );s ム (消 愀劑 ). 

Antipodes, n. hantai-hankyU (1 [^對 
半球) no shokoku (諸 國). ' 

Antipyretic, a chinnetsu (鎭 熱) no ; 
shonetsu no ; ndsu-samashi 

no ; kainetsu (き? 熱) no. 

Antipyrine, n. * (安知 必 林). 

AiitiQuarian, n. kohutsuka (も-物 
家) ; kobutsugakusha (古物 學者 j ; 
kokoka (好古 家). 

AiitiQuarian, a. kdkogaku-teJd (务 丁' 
古學 的) no. 

Antiiiuated, a. suiatta ; furu- 
mekkashii ; furukkusai ; kofu (古風) 
na ; ryiikd (流行) ni okureta ; chimpu 
(麵) 鴨. 

Antique, a. kofn (古風) na. 

Antiquity, n. (ancient times) 
mukashi ; mishie ; kodai (古代); dseki 
徑昔) ; (an old article) kobutsu (古 

Antiquities, n. (ancient remains) 
koseki (古 績). 

All t i- s c or bu t ic , n. kwaikefsubyd 
(壞血 病) y^ofusegu ai-gusuri. 

Antiseptic, a. fuhai (腐 R^) wo 
fusegu ; leu sari wo fusegu ; hofu (防 
腐) no. 

Antiseptic, n. hofuyaku (防腐 翻; 
J>5fwzai (防腐 劑). 

Antithesis, n. (opix)site) hantai (反 
對) ; (spoken) tsuigo (對 jg) ; (written) 
tsuiku (對 句). 

Antitlietical, a. hantai no ; tsuigo 
no ; tsuikuieki (對句 l5 勺) no ; isuilcu no. 

Antithetically, adv. hantai ni ; 
isuijo ni ; tsuiku ni ; tsuikuieki ? i に 

Hosted by Goo ヌ k 

[ 48 ] 


[ 47 ] 


Anti-trade, n. hantai-bdekiffi (反對 

Antler, n. mata ; maiadzuno ; (of a 
, deer) tsuno ; rokkaku (鹿 角). 

Anus, n. komon (杠 門) ; shin no 
ana ; karamete [yulg.]. 

Anvil, n, kanashiki. 

Anxiety, n. ke-7ien (懸念) ; shimpai 
(心 酉 E) ; fu-anshin (不安' じ、) ; ytlryo 
(憂 愿) ; kokqrodzukai ; (desire) setsu- 
hd{ 切き) ; (subject for anxiety) kuro 

about tlie future, torikoshi- 


to live in a state of constant 

, anji-kurasu. 

Anxious, a. (causing anxiety) kidzu- 
I was very about you, 

oki 711 anji moshita. 

to "be , shimpai s ; aivji-ru ; 

ke-nen s ; fuan (不安) no omoi wo 
s ; kuro s ; kidzukai ni omou ; 
ki ICO momu. 

to be about, ki ni nam [E. 

ohj. -T- J. subj.] ; wolki ni kake- 

to be about the future, 

sue-zue ido anji-ru ; saJci-zaki wo 

to feel fuan no omoi wo s. 

you must be very , sazo 

go shimpai de gozaimasho. 

Anxiously, adv. shimpai shite ; ki nl 
shite ; anjite ; ki wo monde. 

to ask , shimpai-sd ni Iciku. 

Any, a. (an indefinite number) ikutsu 
ka ; (an indefinite quantity) ikura 

ka ; (any kind of) donna de mo ; 

(of whatever kind or quantity) sukoshi 
de 7110 ; chitto de mo. 

In an interrog. sentence is 

generally untranslated ; as, 
are there ? aru ka ; (mean- 
ing any left) mada aru ka. 

time, itsu de mo. 

way will do, do de mo yoi. 

are you better ? sukoshi wa 

kokoroyoi no cte gozaimasu ka. 
in case (only at the begin- 
ning of a sentence), nani shiro ; 
dono michi. 

it is not of consequence, 

ictishita koto de tea nai. 

not more, mo nai. 

without more ado, kare 

kore iicadzu ni. 
Anybody, pron. dare de mo. 

Anyhow, adv. (at all events) dose ; 
sore wa tomo are ; nani shite mo ;- (in 
any way) do de mo ; (whatever hap- 
pens) zehi tomo ; nani ni yoradzu. 

that won't do , do shite mo 


Anytliing', pron. nan de mo. 

will do, nan de mo yoi. 

have you more to say ? 

mada ossharu koto ga gozai- 
masu ka [pol.]. 

it is but cheap, yasui 

dokoro de wa nai. 

to say that comes into 

one's iiead, dehodai ico iu ; 
detarame wo iu. 

Auy^vliere, adv. doko de mo ; dok'o 
ni mo ; (motion to), doko e de mo. 

Aorta, n. daidomyaku (大動脈). 
A Oiitraiice, aku made. 
Apace, adv. sumiyaka ni ; kyu ni ; 
kyusoku (急速) ni ; zunzun. 

Apart, adv. hetsu-hetsii ni ; imkete ; 
hanashite ; ko-ko ni. 

from the question of, tea 

tomo are ; wo sate oife ; as, 

from the question of 

• capacity he is too old to serve, 
riko (^Ijp) to baka ica tomo are, 
or giryo (ま 倆) wo sate oite, anna 
ioshiyori de ica totemo tsutomara- 

to be , hanareie oru. 

to be far , kake-hanarete oru. 

to blow , fuki-hanasu. 

to place , wakete oku. 

to pull , hiki-hanasu. 

Apartment, n. ma ; zashiki. 

s, (in an inn) ryoshuku (旅 

宿) ; (lodgings) geshnku (下宿). 

Apatlietie, a. mujd no ; reitan no ; 
also no nai ; (physically) shinkei しじ、 
經) no chidon (痴^) na. 

Apa t li e tic al 1 y, adv. ?7iw;o ni ; reitan 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


L 48 ] 


Apathy, n. mujo. (無 fS) ; reitan ひ 令 

Ape, n. saru ; (wild) yaen 食') ; 

Ape, t.v. ico/mane-ru ; ml mane wo s. 

Aperient, n. gezai ( 下劑) ; ImdasU- 

gentle , tsuji-gusuri ; keisha- 

zai (輕ミ 寓劑) ; kwangezai (緩 下 劑). 

Aperture, n. (hole) ana ; Icuchi ; 
(opening) suki-ma. 

Apex, n. teppen ; chojo (項 上); zeiciio 
(絕 項) ; -(of a small object) salci. 

of the lungs, hai (肺) no 

smtan (尖端). 

Aphasia, n. gengo-fudzui (言語 不隨) ; 
j/e" ひジ な (言語 不通). 

Aphelion, n. enjitsuten (逮日 點); 
taiyd (; 陽) yori no saienten (最遠 li). 

Ai)liorism, n. kakugen (格言) ; kin- 
(76 れ (金言) [li い golden saying]. 

Aphrodisiac, n, saiinyaku (fgy^ 
藥) ; hojinyaku (輔 腎藥) ; kybjinmi 
强腎劑 ). 

Aphthae, n. gwakbsd (驚 口 瘡). 
Apiece, adv. dziUsu ; ate ; meimei (名 
々 ) Tii ; 卞 kakuji (各 白)? li. 
liow many are there ? 

hitori ate ikuisu dzutsu am ka. 

Apocalypse, n. mokushiroku 示 

Apocryplia, n. *. 
Apog-ee, n. enjiten (遠地 點). 

Apologetic, a. &e れ so《eH (辯疏 的) no. 

to "be , ayamatte oru ; kino- 

dokuso-na kao wo s. 

with, an air, kinodoku-sd ni. 

Apologize, i.v. ayamaru ; icaU-ru ; 
ii-wake s ; henkai ('辯 巧 f ) s ; o wabi wo 
mosu [humble]. 
ApolOg*y, n. wabi ; benkai ; ayamari ; 
ii-wake ; wabi-goio ; mos/n-wake. 

a mere for soup, shiru to iu 

na bak(v> i ; na hakari no shvru. 

a written , ayainari-jomon ; 

shazaijd (謝罪 状) ; wahijo. 

please accept my ies, go 

kamben 辨) ico negaimasu. 

Apoplectic, a. soichu (卒中) "o. 

Apoplexy, n. sotchu (卒中); (cere- 
も ml) nb-soichu (腦 卒中); no-ikkdsu 
(腦 溢血). 

Apostacy, n. henshin (變, t、) ; Mkyo 
mm ; reikyo (M 教). 

Apostate, n. henshinsha (戀, じ、 者) ; 
(from a party) dattbsha (8^ 寧 者) ; 
(religious) haikydsha (廢教 者) ; kikyo- 
棄教 者). 

Apostatize, i.v. hmshm (變, 亡、) s ; 
(from a faitli) oshie wo suie-ru ; sJirn- 
kb (信 ftp) wo suie-ru ; (from a party) 
datto s. 

A posteriori, kdien-teJcl (後天 勺) 

Apostle, n. shito (使徒) ; apostorx 

Apotliecary, n. kusuH-ya ; seiyaku- 
ftha (製薬 者) ; yakuzaislii (藥 劑師) ; 
haiyakusha (寶藥 者) ; chdzaisha 齊!) 

Apotliegiil, kakugen (格言). 
Apotheosis, n. kami ni mat 雷 u 

Appall, t.v. gydten (仰天) sase-ru ; 

Appalling*, a, osoroshii ; odoroku- 
beJci ; gydten suru Jiodo no. 

an : accident happened 

yesterday on the Tokaido 
railway, Tokaido (東海道) senro 
路) sakujitsu (昨 日 ) odoroku- 
heJcijiken (事 f4) ひ" arimashita. 
Apparatus, n. ddgu (道!;); klkal 
(器械) ; kigu (器具) ; shikake. . 

photograpmc , shashmkl 

(寫眞 器). 

Apparel, n. ifulm (衣服); irui (农 

類) ; isho (衣裳). 
Apparent, a. (evident) haJckirl to 
shita ; gen ni mieta ; hanzen (判然) to 
shiia ; me ni miete iru ; melhaJcu (明 
白 ) 7ia ; kenzen (顯然 ) na. 

Heir , Jcicdtaishi {^isi t) ; 


Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 49 ] 


Apparently, adv. usually expr. by 
yo.m ni mie-ruy or fo mie ru, placed 
- after the verb ; as, 

to-day is …… a holiday, for 
all the public offices are shut, 
,cy ろ 霞 kyiljitm (休 B) to miete 
fioho (方 々 ) no yaJcusho (役所) ga 
shimatte oru. ' ' 
In conjunction with an adj., etc., it 
may be expr. by rashii ; as, 

so, sorashii. 

true, hontdrashu. 

a person blind, meJcura- 

rashii hito. 

a person the captain, 

sencho (船長) to oboshii hito. 

at about 8 o'clock, hachljl 

to oboshii koro. 
...... is also occasionally ex])r. by 

mita toJcoro ica ; mUcake ica ; as, 

he was drunk but in 

reality sober, miia tokoro de ica 

yotte imashita ga jitsu u:a yoffe 

inakafta. ' 

Apparition, n. hakemono ; yurei 
(幽靈 ) ; yokwal (妖怪). 

Appeal, i.v. jdso (上訴) s; (from 
Court of first instance) kbso (控 ig-) s ; 
(from Court of second instance) 
jokokii (上告) s ; (from Customs, etc.) 
sogiccm (訴顯 ) s. 

it does not to me (is not to 

my taste), icatakusld ni ica muka- 
nai ; icatakushi ni ica kanshln (惑 
i じ、) shinai, 

to to (have recourse to, com- 
plain to), niluttae'ru. 

to to arms, kankwa (干戈) 

ni uttae-ru. 

to …… to charity, jlzm (慈善) 
ni uttae-ru. 

to to force, icanryoku (跪 力) 

ni uttae-ru. • 

Appeal, n. (from a judgment, in 
first instance) kdso (控訴) [Cr. Pro.] ; 
(in second instance) jokoku (上告 } 
[Cr. Pro.] ; (from a ruling) kokoku 
(抗告) [Cr. Pro.] ; (general) jdso (上 
f?) ; (to a superior dept.) sogican (|^ 
願) [esp. from the Customs to the 
petition of …… , kdsojo (控訴 狀) ; 
koso-mdshUatesho (逢 詠 中立 書 j ; 

jo/cok'iMnoshitatesho ( 上告 中 せ 書) 

[Cr. Pro.] ; (from the Customs) so- 

gwansho (禱具 書). 
Appear, i.v. (become visible) 
araware ru ; (before any public 
authority) -shuftd (出頭) s; (in an- 
swer to a summons, before a Court) 
shutfd (出廷) s ; (seem) mie-ru. 

^ ghost ed, hakemono ga 

detcc. ' 

a goa s, kaml. qa slmtsuqen 

(出 顯) s. • 

it s to nie, waiakusM no 

omou ni wa ; icatakushi ni tea 


so it s, so to mie-ru. 

Appearance, n. (likelihood) ybsu ; 
keshiki ; moyd (模樣 ) ; (outbreak, of 
a disease) hassei 羞生) ; (outward) 
gwaikwan (ク 卜觀) ; katachi ; mikake ; 
gwaiken (^^JL) ; (personal) 爾 i ; fa 
(虱) ; fusai (虱 釆) ; yoho (容貌) ; 
(state) yosu ; arisama ; tei (体) ; 
kelkyo (景况 ). 
outwara (as opposed to in- 

ner reality), gwaikwan て タト 觀 )• 

there is no of the rain 

ceasing", ame ga yamu yd na 
keshiki tea nai ; ame no ymni-sd 
na keshiki wa nai. 
to keep up ..... s, gicaiken (タト 見) 
wo tsukurou ; (of persons in public 
positions) taimen (体面) wo tamotsu, 
or iji (維持) s. 

to make an (be ornamfental), 

midate ga aru. 

to put in an , kao-dashi wo s. 

[Followed by "of being ', and an 

adj is expr. by so ni after 

the stem of the adj. ; as, with. 

an of being" glad, v.reshi- 

sd ni]. 

Appease, t.v. nadame-ru ; yaioarage- 
ru ; shidzume'ru. ' 
to be d, icajki ga sumu. 

Appellant, n. (from a judgment, 
in first instance) kosonin (控誘 
人); (in second instance) jokoku- 
nin 上告 人) ; (from a ruling) kokoku- 
nin (抗告 人); (to a higher Dept. v. 
Appeal) sogicannin (訴願 入). 

Appellation, n. meisho (名 稱) ; to 賺- 
kata ; wybmoku (名目). 

Hosted by Goo ヌ k 


[ 50 ] APP 

Append, t.v. soe-ru ; tsuke-ru ; kiiwae- 
ru ; tsuika (追加) s. 

Appendage, n. soe-mono ; fs ま- 
mono : fukahutsu (附加 物) ; fuzoku no 
mono; fuzokukin (附屬 i?h) ; f 鶴 ku- 
&ま麵 物). . 

useless …… , yokei (餘 計) na 

mono ; zeibutsu 

Appendicitis, n. chuydsuien (蟲檬 
垂炎) • 

Appendix, n. tsuika (追加) ; furoku 
(附錄 ); ま o( 增輔 )• _ , 

vermiform , chuyosm (题檬 


Appertain, i.v. to …… to, (belong 
by right) ni/zoku (覊) s ; (relate to) 
nilkwankei 舅 係) s. 

Appetite, n. shokuyoku (食 愁); 
shokJci (食氣 )• 

to have a good , shokuji 

(食事) susumu ; shokki ga aru. 

to have a poor , shoku ga 


ADpetizing', a. oishl-sd na ; iima-so 

Appetizingly, adv. oishi-sd ni ; uma- 
sd ni. 

Applaud, t.v. (by acclamation) kas- 
sai (n^ 釆) s ; (by clapping the hands) 
haku^hu (拍參 ) s ; (commend) home' 
ru fshdsan {^M) s ; shdhi (賞美) s. 

Applause, n. (acclamation) kassai ; 
(clapping of hands) hakushu ; (com- 
mendation) sJiohi ; shosan ; samhi 

great , dai-kasscd (大喝 

to win , kassai wo haku 

(博) s. 
Apple, n. 7ingo. 

Adam's , nodo-bone ; nodo- 

hotoke ; nodo-dango. 
of tlie eye, hitomi. 

Appliance, n. dogu (道具). 
.. ."".8, kigu (器具). 
Applicability, n. (of a rule) tekii/o 

(適用) ; (sTiitability) te/cito (適 當). 
Applicable, a. tekly5 no dekiru ; 

ate-hamerareru ; telcitd na. 

to be to, (appropriate) nij 

tekito s ; (as a rule) nijtelayo s 
[ico after equiv. of Eng. subj.]. 

Applicant, n. negai-te ; negai-nin ; 
(claimant) seikyusha (請求 者); (for 
a post) Mhosha (希望者) ; shigwansha 
(志願 去) ; (for a purchase) nozomi no 
mono ; o nozomi no kata [polite] ; 
(for shares) moshi-komi-nin ; dhosha 
(應募 者) ; (petitioner) shutsugwansha 
( 出 願 者 5 ; shuisugwannin (出鳜 入); 
(to a Court of Law) s/imseimn (申請 
人) ; mdshiiate-nin [Civ. Pro.] ; (to the 
Customs) sUnkokuslia (申告 

Application, n. (act of applying, as, 
of a rule) tehiyd (M 用) ; (act of apply- 
ing, in a literal sense) isukeru koto ; 
haru koto ; choyo (貼 用); chofu (貼付) ; 
(close study) henkyo (勉强 ) ; senshm 
(募 心) ; (petition) negai ; seigwan (請 
願); shutsugwan (出願); (petition, 
written) negai-sho ; gwansno ; seigwan- 
sho ; shitsugwansho ; (proposal) moshi- 
komi ; (request) seikyu (請求) ; tano- 
mi ; (to a Court of Law) shinsei (申請); 
moshiiate [Cr. Pro.] ; (ditto, written) 
shinseisho (申請 脅) ; moshitate-sho. 
form, moshikomi-yoshi (申込 

用紙). ^ , , 
medicine for external , 

gwaiyd-yaku (外用 藥 )• 

practical (of a science, etc.), 

dyd (應 用) • 1 ^ 

to make an , shutsugwan s. 

written , negaisiio ; seigwan- 

sho (請願書) ; moshikomisho. 

Applied, a. dyo- (應 用) (れ o). 

... chemistry, oyo-kwagaku 

(應用 化 學)^ い _ - . V 
mathematics, oyo-saiijutsu 

meciiaiiics, otjo-jakaigaku 

(應用 器械 fO. 一., 

tactics, oyo-senjutsu (應用 


Apply, t.Y. (as, ornamentation to a 
surface) hodokosu ; (carry out, rules, 
etc.) shiko (施行) s ; (put one thing 
to another) tsuke-ru ; kuwae-ru ; (put 
to practical use) dyd s ; (refer as 
STiitable to something) ate-hame'ru ; 
(stick in) haru ; (use for a particular 
purpose) shiyo (使用) s ; tsukau. 

Hosted by 



[ 51 ] 


to money (to a purpose), 

1mm wo muke-ru. 

to (rules) strictly, reiko 

(勵 行) s. 

to the mind, nen (念) wo 

ire-ru ; senshin ( 募 心) s. 

Apply, i.v. (make application) moshi- 
komu ; (petition) negau ; negai-de-ru ; 
(of rules) wo]tekiy6 (適用) s [Civ. 
-Pro.] [E. subj. + J. obj.] ; (request) 
seikyu (請求) s ; fanomu. 

to for, wojtanomu ; loojseikyu 

(請求) s ; (to a Court) wo/shinsei 
(串 請) s ; ico/mdshi-taie-ru [Civ. 

to to (a Court), ni/shinsei 

(申請) s. [The person applying is 
termed shinseirdyi (串 請 入), the 
person applied against hi-shinseinm 
(被 申請 八)]. 
Appoint, t.Y. (fix) kime-ru ; (select 
for a duty) sennm (募 住) s [Com. 
Co.] ; (to an office) ninji-ru ; meiji'ru ; 
ti-tsuke-ru ; nimmei (ft^) s. 

ea day, ieijltsu (fe 曰); yaku- 

soku shita hi. ' 

to be ed, ii-tsukerare-ru ; mei- 

zerare-ru ; ninzerare-ru ; nimmei scire- 

Appoiiltllient, n. (act of) equiv. of 
Appoint foil, by koto ; (arrange- 
ment with another) yakusoku (約束) ; 
(office) yaku け殳) ; sjioku (職) ; (to an 
office) nimmei (^^) [Civ. Pro.]. 

and dismissal, nimmen 

(住 免). 

the of Mr. A. as the Head 

of the Bureau of Woods and 
Forests is an act of gross 
favouritism, A. Kun ga sanrin- 
kyokucho (山={^:局長) ni ninzerareta 
no wa 01 ni hempa (編 鎮) no shochi 
(處 置) desu. 

to take up an , shunin 

(就任) s ; chakunln (着任) s. 

Apportion, t.v. haito (配 當) s ; wari- 
tsuke-ru ; bumpai (分 g ヒ) s ; hunyo 
(分 與) s. 

Apportionment, n. humped (分配). 
Apposite, a. tekito (適 當) na. 
Appositely, adv. tekito ni. 
Appositeiiess, n. tekito. 

Api>ositioii, n. (gram.) ddkaku 

Appraise, t.v. (estimate) mi-tsumo- 
ru ; (estimate value of) wo/nebumi s ; 
no/neuchi xoof imu ; m/?ie wo tsuke-ru ; 
wo/hijdka (評 價) s [Civ. Pro.]. 

Appraisement, n. hydka (評 贋) 
[し IV. Co.] ; nebiimi ; neuchi wo tsukeru 
fcoto ; (estimated value) hydkagaku 
(評價 額) ; kantei-hagaku (鑑定 債 額). 
Appraiser, n. hybkanln (評 |g 入); 
(official) kcmteinin (鑑定人) [Civ. Co.]. 

chief (at Customs), kcmsa- 

ん聽 -c/i ふ (鑑査 課長). 

Appreciable, a. iJcuhun-ka no. 

Appreciably, adv. ikubun-ka. 

Appreciate, t.v. (esteem highly) 
kampai (惑 ま s ; kmisUn (惑, じ、) s ; 
(estimate justly) nehumi s ; shinka 
liaM) shwu ; (motives, etc.) 

rydsatsu (了察) s; sassuru ; (recog- 
nize) mi-tome-ru. 

Appreciate, i.v. (of price) toki 
(騰貴) s. 

Appreciation, n. equiv. of Appre- 
ciate foil. h J koto ; (of price) idki. 

Appreciatively, adv. homete ; sho- 
san (賞 證) shiie. 

Appr e Ciatory, a. homeru ; in Chin- 
ese compounds san- (|^) ; as, 

criticism, sampyd (證 評) ; 

kohyo (好評). 

Apprehend, t.v. (arrest) tsukamae- 
ru ; hobaku (捕縛) s ; taiho (逮捕) s ; 
た owi (拘 弓い s ; (fear) osore-ru ; kidzu- 
kau ; kenen (懸念) s ; (understdnd) 
mitome-ru ; rlkai s ; etoku 

(貧 得) s ; satoru. 

it is ed that , (no) 

osore ga aru. 

Appreliensioii, n. (arrest) hohaku ; 
taino ; Jcdln ; (faculty of) saiori ; 
rikai-ryoku ; (fear) kidzukai ; Ishimpai ; 
OS り re ; kenen ; kokorodzukai. 

Apprentice, n. shfigyblbkdnin (就 拳 
奉公 入) ; mlnami [Civ, Co.] ; nenkibd- 
konm (年季奉公 人) ; (of artisans) 
mmarai-sei ; nenki-mono ; detchi : totei 
(徒弟) ; (sea-faring) shugyo-sei (就 
業 生). 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 52 ] 


s, schcol, totei-gakko (淀 弟 

學 校). 

Apprentice, t.v. detchl-hoko ni dasu ; 
nenkiboko ni dasu ; nenki (年季) ni 

Apprenticeship, n. sJmgydhdko ; 

Approach, i.v. (in place) chika-yoru ; 
tsume-yoru ; sekkin (接近) s ; (in time) 
chika-yoru ; semaite ; seppaku 
(切迫)、, , 1 

tlie bird does not let me , 

tori ga yose-tsukenai. 

the time is ing", jJjitsu (時日) 

ga seppaku shite oru ; mo saki ga 

mijikaku natta. 

Approach, t.v. (another Govt.) ni/ 
kosho (交 ま) s ; nijkake-OM ; (bring 
near) chikaku yose ru ; (come near) 
e/chikaku yoru. 

to closely (of place), ni/ 

sekkin s. 

Approach, n. (act of) eqiiiv. of 
Approach foil, by koto ; (of an 
attacking force, storm, etc.) shiirai 
(襲. 桑) ; (to a bridge) tamoto ; (way) 
hairu michi. 

Approacliability, n. (of a person) 
chikadzuki-yasm koto. 

Approachable, a. (of a person) 

Approbation, n. (consent) iokushiti 
(得心); shoin (承引); doi (同意); 
(praise) shbsan (賞 讚). 

Approbatory, a. eqmv. of Approve 
used as aaj. 

Appropriate, a. sod (相 應) na ; 

tekitb (適 當) 篇 ; soio (相 當) 篇. 
Appropriate, t.v. (embezzle) tsukai- 
komu ; (set apart to a purpose) aie- 
hame-ru ; senyo (萼 用) s ; (take to one's 
self to the exclusion of others) jibim 
?i ひ ho e tori-komu ; waga mojio to s. 
to public money to a pri- 
vate purpose, kwankin (官金) wo 
shiyo (私 Hi) s. 
Appropriately, adv. tekuo ni ; sofo 
ni ; soo ni. 

Appropriation, n. (act of) equiv. 
of Appropriate (t.v.) foil, by koto ; 
(embezzlement) tsukai-komi. 

Approve, t.v. yoshi to s ; ka (pJ) to 
s ; (action taken) zenin (是認 5 s ; 
sansei (賛成) s ; saiyd (採;^) s ; (a 
proposal) nilsandb (賛同) s ; (consent) 
shdchi (ft^) s ; shodaku (承諾) s ; 
(of a Sovereign) kand (鑫納 ) s ; 
(officially) ninka (認 '可) s; konin 
(公認) s. 

I do not much (of some- 

one else's action), amari kanshin 
(惑' じ、) shinai. 
Approval, n. snochi ; shoin (承引).; 
shodaku ; sansei ; (of action) zenin 
(是認) ;、 (of a Sovereign) kand ; 
(official) ninka (認可). 
Approximate, a. oyoso no ; taigal 

numbers, galsu {^Wc)' 

Approximate, i.v. chikayoru. 
Approximation, n. chikayoru 

koto ; (of a calcnlation) gaisan (槪算 )• 
Approximately, adv. chikaku ; 

oyoso ; (at a rough estimate) gaisan 

de ; zatto ; araJcata. 
Appurtenance, n. fuzolmUn (附屬 

^^Y'Juzokubutsu (附覊 物) [Civ. Co.]. 

Apricot, n. anzu (杏). 
April, n. shigwatsu (四月); t wdz ま 1. 
A priori, senten-teki (先天的) ni. 
Apron, n. mae-kake ; mae-dare ; him- 
kake ; (of a gun) hihuta ; (worn by 
artisans) aburaya-san ; (worn by 
wrestlers) keshd-mawashi. 

waterproof (of rikisha), hiza- 


A propos, (by the way) ioki ni ; isui- 
de ni ; (opportunely) yoi toki ni ; ko- 
7 ま窗 i (好機 會) m. リ 7 " 

that comes very , aita kuchi 

ni hotamochi no yd da [prov.]. 
Apt, a. (quick to learn) nomi-komi no 
hayai ; satori no yoi. 

to (prone to), foil, by a verb 

is usually expr. by yoku foil, by 
the indie, pres., by -yasui or -gachi 
suffixed to the indef. form, or by 
yaya mo sureha ; as. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 53 ] 


he is to "be anxious about 

trifles, am hito ica yoku sasai 
(墳杀 S) net koto vco ki (氣' ) ni kakeru 
hito da. 

we are all to make mis- 
takes, yo no naka no hito-hlto ica 
mina ayamachi wo shi-gachi da. 

to break, koicare-yasui. 

to is also expr. by the deside- 

ratiye form of the verb -tacjaru ; 
as, . 

to be to wither, yoku kare- 

tagaru. ' 

Aptitude, n. tachl 

that boy has a natural 

for mathematics, ano ko ica 

sanjutsu 術) no tachl fja ii. 

Aqiiarmiii, n. suizokkican (水 族 ft). 

Aquarius, n. (astron.) shitsuUnkyu 
(室 瓶 宮). 

Aquatic, a animal, suijii- 

dbhutsii (水 住 動物) ; suisei-dbhutsu 
(水棲 動物). 

bird, midzu-ton ; sulcho 


plant, midzu-kusa ; sidso 


Aquefluct, n. siddo (水道). 

Aquilegia atro-purpurea, (colum- 
bine) odamaki. 

Aquiline, a nose, kagi-hana ; 


Arabesque, n. kavalcusa ; kam- 

Arable land, (cultivated land, not 
being paddy field) hatake ; hata ; 
hata-chi ; kosakucM (耕作地) ; kochi. 

Aralia edulis, udo. 

Arbitrament, n. (as, of public 
opinion) seisai (制裁). 
to submit to the of war, 

ikusa no kekkwa (結果) ni mcika- 

Arbitrarily, adv. k'mama ni ; kidzid 
(氣隨 ) れい, kaite ni ; hoshii-mama ni ; 
nin-i (任意) ni ; jimama 7ii ; (without 
consulting others) sendan ni. 

Arbitrariness, n. ki- 鶴 ma ; kidzui ; 
hoshi い mama ; nin-i ; jimama ; sendan ; 
(of government) gyakusei (虐政). 

Arbitrary, a. kimama na ; kidzui 
na ; kaite na ; jihun-qatte no ; doku- 
dan (J^ 斷) no. 

Arbitration, n. chusai (仲裁). 

award, chusai-kettei ; (writ- 
ten) cMsai-ketteisho (f や 裁ま定 書). 

tribunal, chusal-saiban (仲 

裁 裁判). 

Arbitrator, n. chusainin (f 中载 入). 
Arbour, n, chin ; adzumaya. 

wistaria fvji-dana. 

Arc, n. (of a circle) kosen (孤 線); 
yumi-gafa ; yumi-nari. 

Arcli, n. yumi-nari ; (of greenery) 
* ; ryokumon (綠 門), 
triumplial …… , qalsen-mon (凱 
旋 門). ' 

Archaeological, a. kohufsuaaJm- 
teki (古物 學的) (no). 

Archaeologically, a. kdbutsvjjaku- 
JO {de). ' 

Arcliaeologist, kdbutsugakuslvi 

(古物 學 者). 
Archaeology, n. kdbutsucjaku ; 

kbkogaku (^^了-古;|1'). ' 

Archaic, a word, ko リ o (古 

語) ; haigo (廢 語). ■ 

Arcliang-el, n. tenshichd (天使 長). 

Archbishop, n. kantokucho (監督 
長); (Buddliist) dalsdjd (大僧正); 
(Protestant) daikantoku (大 監》 ; shi- 
kicai-kantoku (司 會監智 ); (R.C.) dai- 
shukyb (大主教). 

Arched, a bridge, sorl-Mshi ; 


two "bridge, merjcme-hasld. 

Arclier, n. Ue ; shashu (財 手); 
(astron.) jlmbakyii (入 馬 宮); (pro- 
ficient) Jcyiijutsuka (与 も 家). 
Archery, n. kyiljiitsu. 

…… ground, shcijut—5 (財 術镇) ; 
daikyuba (大弓 場); (for miniature 
…… ) y^^ci ; 2/5A7/f 《なれ (揚弓 店). 
Archipelago, n. gunid (群島). 
Architect, n. kmchiku-shl (建築 
師) ; kmchlku-ka (建築家) ; edzu-hiki. 
i\.rchitectiiral, a. kencMkugaku 
(建築 學) no ; zdeigaku (造 營學) tio ; 
yadzukuri no ; kenchiku no. 

Hosted by Goo ヌ k 


[ 54 

Architectually, adv. kenchiku- 
gaku-jd {de). 

Architecture, n. (as a branch of 
study) kenchiktigaku ; zoeigaJcii ; 
kmchiJcujutsu (建每 術) ; z5kajutsu ; 
(造 家 術) ; z^eijutsu (造營 術) ; (style 
of) tate-Jcata ; yadzuJcuri. 

Arcliives, n. kiroku (IB 錄) ; hunJco 


press, kiroku-aana. 

bureau of , kirokkyoku (記錄 


Arcliivist, n. klroku-gakari ; kiroku- 
hokw 議 ha (記錄 保管^). 

Arctic, a Ocean, hokuhyoyo 

(北氷洋); hokJcyokuyd (北極洋); 

hokuhydkai (北 水 海). 

regions, kantai i^w)- 

Ardency, n. nesshin (熱 'じ、). 

Ardent, a. hageshli ; seikyu ('| 生 急) 
na; moretsu (猛烈) ? iff ; (zealous) 
nesshin na. 

Ardently, adv. hagesMku ; moretsu 
ni ; seikyu ni ; (zealously) nesshin ni. 

Ardour, n. (of affections) on-ai (恩 
愛) ; ai-yoku (愛 愁) ; (of courage) 
vuki (II 氣) ; (zeal) nesshin. 

Arduous, a. hone no oreru ; hone-on 
no ; konnan (困 雛) na ; mngi (itfe) 
na ; shinki-kusai [provincial]. 

labour, hone-ori shigoto ; 

tsurai shigoto. 

Arduously, adv. hone-oUe ; konnan 

Are, i.v. yide Be. 

Area, n. menseki (面積) ; (in tan) 
tamhetsu (反別-) ; (in tsuho) tsubo-su ; 
tsuho-kadzu ; ji-isubo ; (of a building) 
tate-tsiiho ; (math.) seld (積) ; menseki 
(面積) ; (of a country) (幅員) ; 

Arena, n. (for fencing or jujufsu) 
dojo (道 缓); (for wrestling) dohyd 

(土俵)' . , -,. 
the of competition, kyoso- 

jori (競走 揚键 )• 

the political , sdkal (政界). 

] AEK ― . 

Argentiferous, a. gin wo fuJcunda. 

Argue, t.Y. & i.v. ronjl-ru ; hem- 
paku (辯 駭) s ; henron (辨 論) s ; giron 
(議論) s ; (dispute) soron (爭 論) s. 
to that, tolsnucno (主張) s. 

Argument, n. ran; cfiron ; bem- 
paku ; (contention) ronten (論 點) ; 
(debate) toron ; (dispute) soron ; (in 
a law case) henron. 

a fruitless , midzukake-ron. 

an obstinate , oshi-mondd. 

basis of an …… , ronkyo (論 據). 

to put forward , ritsuron (立 

ぎ 命) '\ 丄 7 •• 

to start an , ron ico //ajtme- 


Argumentation, n. ritsuron. 

Argumentative, a. rikutsuppoi ; 
rikutsubatta ; girondzuki na ; giron- 

' an person, gironka (議論 家). 

Argumentatively, adv. rUcutsup- 
poku ; rikutsiibatte ; giron-dzuki na yd 
ni ; giron-gamashiku ; qiron-meka shi- 
te. . . 

Argumentativeness, n. equiv. 
of Argumentative foil, by koto. 

Arid, a. kampaisu (^jg) na ; U- 

aqatta ; (fig. of a subject) kansd- 

mumi i^^M^) na. 
Aridity, n. kanso ; kampatsu ; kawai- 

ta koto ; (fig.) kanso-mumi. 
Aries, n. (astron.) hakuydkyil (白 羊 

宮 )• 

Aright, ady. iadashiku ; machigai 

to judge , fadasMlm mndan 

(判 斷) s. 

Arise, i.y. okoru ; de-ru ; hassuru (發) ; 
to out of, yori/shoji-ru. 

Arithmetic, n. sanjufsu (算術) ; 
siigaku (數學 )• 

mental , munazan ; muna- 

kanjo ; anzan {i^M)- 
Aritlimeticiaii, n. sugakusha (敬 

學ぉ ; sanjutsuka (算術 象). 
Ark, n. (biblical) hako-hune. 

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A 腹 

[ 55 ] 


Arm, n, (as distinguished from hand) 
ude ; kaina ; (as dist. from leg) ie ; 
(as of a telegraph post) ude-gi ; 
(carried by a burglar) Jcyoki ( ^Eli) ; 
(military weapon) huJci (武 H) ; heiJd 
(兵器) ; (of a chair) hljl ; (of coat) 

of the sea, iri-wni. 

...... rack, jiika (銃架). 

s (i.e. war), heiryoku (兵力). 

and accoutrements, sbqu 

(装具). ' 

and ammunition, helki- 

danyaku (兵 || 彈藥) • 

advance s ! mae tsidsu ! 

change s ! Icae is^iitsu ! 

examine s ! aratame tsufsu ! 

fore , ni no ude. 

order s I tate tsutsu ! 

pile s ! kume tsutsu ! 

pile of …… s, sajil (叉銃). 

port s ! hikae tsutsu ! 

present s I sasage tsutsu J 

recover s. ! age tsutsu I 

side , idken (TJ^ij). 

shoulder s I nmae tsutsu ! 

sling s ! kake tsutsu I 

small s, shoji'i (小- 統). 

support s ! kalcae tsutsu ! 

to break the , ude r/a ore-ru ; 

(of another) no I ude wo oru. 

to hold under the , (a large 

thing) ko-woM ni kakae-m, or kai- 
komu ; (a small thing) waJci ni 
hasamu ; icaki-basamu. 

to look on with, folded s, 

shiishu-bokimn 手 傍 寧) s, 

to open the s wide, ocWwo 


to pile s, tsutsu ICO komu, 

to take up s, kankwa (干戈) 

wo ugokasu. 

trail s I sage tsutsu ! 

upper , ichi no ude. 

Arm, t.v. ni/buki (武 H) wo motase-ru. 

to one's sell, huki wo torn ; 

(of a soldier) huso (武装) s. 

to be ed, huki wo keital (携 

帶) s ; huso s ; buki ico motsu. 

Arm, i.v. h.iki ico so 鶴ら' ru ; hubi (武 
備) s. 

Armament, n. buM (武備) ; (jwM 
(軍備) ; (of a warstiip) busd. 

reduction of s, qumM-shuku- 

sh5 (軍備 縮 少). ' 

Armcliair, n. hijUsuld-lsii ; hiji- 

arm-rest of , kyokuroku (曲 

彔). ' 

Armed, a. huki-keltai (武器 携帶) no. 

party, husotai (武 襄隊) ; 

hvM-keitai-hei (武 H 携帶 兵). 

robbery, jikydki-goto (持 % 

H 强 盗). 

Armful, n. an , kito kakae. 

Armistice, n. kyusen (j% 戰 )• 

Armless, a. an person, ude- 


Armlet, n. ude-kazari. 

Armorial, a "bearings, mon 

(紋 )• 

Armour, n. yoroi ; (jusoku (具足) ; 
katchu (一胄). 

one suit of , gusoku hiio soroi. 

Armoured, a battery, soko- 

hodai (装 申 砲 臺). 

cruiser, kdsd-jimydkan (甲 装 


tram, Jdko-ressha (被 甲タほ 

車) ; busd-ressha (武装 列車). 

turret, sdkd-hdtd (装甲 砲塔). 

Armourer, n. qusokusU (具足 師) ; 
buklshi (武器 师); hugushi (武具 師); 
(mil.) jiiko (銃 ェ) ; (naval) heiki-kd 
(兵器工); huJci-kanshunin (武器 看守 
A) ; tieiki-kanshunin (:^ 器 看守 人). 

Armour-plating', n. kdteppan (甲 
鐵 板). 

Armoury, n. huJcigura ; huko (武庫) ; 

heiko (兵 庫). 
Armpit, n. waki no shita. 

hair of the , waki-ge. 

smell of tlie , waki-ga. 

Arms, n. (weapons) See Arm. 

Armslengtli, n. to keep at , 

yose-tsukenai yo ni ft ; tdzake-ru. 
Army, n. gumei (軍勢) ; guntai (軍 
隊); (as opposed to Navy) rikugun 

brigade, ryodan {mW)- 

contractor, rikugun- 


Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 56 ] 


...... corps, (jundan (軍 團). [The 

" Army corps" does not exist in 
Japan though the term totoku-hu 
(都, 部) is applied to the territorial 
limits of three divisions which 
about correspond to an English 
Army corps]. 

division, sUdan (師國 ). 

list, rikiLcjun-meibo (陸軍 名 

簿) ; (on active service) geneki- 
md&o (現役 名簿). ' 

medical corps, (jiini-hu (軍 

醫 部). ' 

of the enemy, teJdgun (敵 

軍). ' 

service corps, shicho (ftf 重). 

besieging* , kbjbgun (攻 

軍) ; Iwigun (包圜 軍), 

centre of an , chuqun (中 

軍). ' 
commander of an -bri- 
gade, ryodancho (旅 園長) ; -corps, 
gundancho (軍 園長) ; -division, 
shlaancho (師 gl 長). 
Field-Marshal Commander- 
in-Chief of tlie , dmqensui 

(人-元帥). ' 
front of an , qim no shomen 

(E 面). • 

main , homjun (本^ ハ 

national , kokuminqun (或 民 

軍). ■ 

rear of an , koei (^^衞). 

reserve , (first) yoUgun (像備 

軍) ; (second) kobigun (後^|軍). 

standing , johigun (-fjiSl^). 

to be an man, gunjin (軍 入) 

de am. 

to call out the whole ,'sdguti 

(總、 軍 } wo shoskii (召集) s. 

to join the , nyidai (入隊) s, 

to leave the , taieki. (筵 役) s; 

jotai (除隊) ni nam. 

to serve in the , fulcueki (|]g. 

役) s. " 

Army, a. gun- (軍); as, sur- 
geon, gun-i (章 碧). 

Aroma, n. kaori ; kohl (香 氣). 
Aromatic, a. kaori no aru ; koki no ; 

hoko (芳香) no aru ; kobaslm ; ii nioi 


Aroiliifl, prep, no faaicari ni ; no 
gv.ruri ni ; no meguri ni. 

Arouse, t.v. (as public attention) 
kwanki (喚起) s ; hlki-okosu ; (excite) 
okosu ; har/emasu ; (from sleep) 
okosu [; no/me wo samesase-ru ; yobi- 
oJcosu:; (stir up) hikl-okosu. 

Arraign, t.v. (accuse) kokuso (告 
ITf) s. 

Arraigninent, n. kokuso. 
Arrange, t.v. (a number of articles 
in proper position) kazaru ; hairetsu 
(排列) s ; (for exhibition) chinretsu 
(錄歹 iji s ; (in a row) nardbe-ru ; (make 
plans for) nojteate wo s ; (on account 
of another) tori-hakarau ; (put in 
order) soroe'ru ; totonoe-ru ; (put to 
rights) katadzuke-TU ; (settle) moto- 
me-ru ; tori-matome-ru. 

it is d that , ? k) 

isugo (都合) da. 

to beforehand, mae-motte 

klme'ru ; no/te-hadzu wo s ; no/uchi- 
aicase ivo s. 

to "be d, (in order) .sorotte 

i'ru ; narande oru ; kazatte aru ; 
katadzuUe i'ru ; (of a matter) mato- 
matte i'ru ; wajkata ga tsuita. 

Arrangement, d. (act of) equiv. 
of Arrange foil, by koto ; (agree- 
ment) mdshi-awase ; (formal agree- 

' ment) iori-kime ; (in advance, of a 
programme, etc.) yotel (^^) ; (of a 
room) torl-isuke ; (of exhibits) chin- 
retsu (陳歹 ij) ; (preparations) shitaku 
(支度); yoi (用意); tsugo (都合); 
(putting in order) seiton (整頓) ; 
setsubi (設備) ; (way of) sochi (装置) ; 
(way of arrangiDg ornaments) Jcaza- 

amicable , jidan (示談) ; ju- 

たまれ (熟談). 

an has been arrived at, 

kydgl (協議) ga totonqtia. 

change of- s, moyd-gae. 

to make the necessary s, 

tsugo ICO s. 

Arrant, a. honid (本 當) no ; also 
expr. by the adv. mattaku. 

coward, dal no okubyd (flg 


fool, dhaJca ; karabara. 

rogue, (jokuakunhi (極惡 人). 

that is an lie, maltaku 

uso da. 

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[ 57 ] 


Array, n. battle , ikusa no 

some ; jinzonae ; jindaie. 

Array, t.v. (dispose in order) nara- 
te ru ; hairetsu (排歹 ij) s ; (dress) yo- 
sou ; (of an army) no j jinzonae leo s ; 
seiretsu (整歹 i】) sase-7'u. 

Arrears, n. (of money) todokori ; 
entai (延 j 帶) ; entalJdn 金) ; mi- 

to be in , todokbru ; entai s 

[Civ. Co.] ; (of work) ohurc ru ; 

Arrest, t y. (check) fusegu ; todo- 
me-ru ; tome-ru ; (seize) torae-ru ; 
tori-osae-ru ; tsukainae ru ; meshi-to- 
ru ; hobaku (捕縛) s ; taiho (逮: s 
[Cr. Pro.] ; / ん in (拘引) s. 
to be ed, haku ni tsuku. 

Arrest, n. (mil.) klnko (禁 鋼) ; (pur- 
suit and seizure) iaiho ; (seizure) 
hobaku (捕 搏) ; (seizure and produc- 
tion) koin. 

close (mil.), jukinko (重禁 

錮) ; heimon (閉門) [the former of 
a private, the latter of an officer]. 

expenses of , talhohi (^捕 


open (mil.), た e ひ (輕 禁錮) ; 

kinshin (ii'li^) [the former of a 
private, the latter of an officer]. 

release from (mil.), Jclnko- 

f^omen (禁錮 放免). 

to place under (mil.), k'mko 

ni shosuru, 

warrant of , taihojd (逮捕状). 

Arriere-fief, n. hairydchi (萍領 ま也) ; 
saiya (采邑 ), 

Arriere-vassal, n. haishin (陪- 臣). 
Arrival, n. chaku (着) ; tbchaku (到 

in port, chakko (着 演). 

s (of goods), chaku-ni ; iri-ni. 

on , tsuki-shidai ni ; chaku, 

or tdchakii, shidai ni. 

on the ship's , chakusen- 

shidai (着船 次第) ni. 

safe , anchaku (安着》 

Arrive, i.v. tsuku ; chaku s ; tbchaku 
(至 il 着) 5 ; (in a ship) ehakustn (^- 
船) s. 

to safely, huyi (to 事) ni 

chaku s. 

Arrogance, n. dhei (I^jR) ; of a ( 
風) ; gdman (傲慢) ; kdman (高慢). 

Arrogant, a. ohel na ; oj-fi na ; go- 
man na ; kdman na. 

Arrogantly, adv. dhei ni ; offi ni ; 
gdman ni ; kdinan ni, * 

Arrogate, t.v. okasu ; sen-eisu (潜 越) 
s ; sensho i 潜 冊 s. 

AiTOg'atioii, n. equiv. of Arrogate 
foil, by koto. 

an act of , ekken (越 满) no 

shogyb (所行). 

Arrow, n. ya [a.n. lion [if,)]. 
Arrow-lieaflj, n. ya no ne ; ya-jiri. 
Arrow-root, n. kudzu ; kuwal (慈 

Arse, n. shirt. 

hole, kdinon (Bl 門) ; shlri no 

ana ; karamete. 

Arsenal, n. zdhelshd (造兵廠) ; helJd- 
seizojo (兵器 製造所) ; (at Tokyo) hd- 
hel-kdsho (砲兵 工廠). 

Arsenic, n. yosekl (眷 石) ; hiseki 
(砒 石). 

Arsenical, a. yosekl no ; hiseki no. 

Arsenious acid, aUsan (亞妣 酸). 

Arson, n. isukeU ; hokwa (放火) ; 
(crime of) hdkicazai (放 } ^罪). 

Art, n. (dexterity) takumi ; kornyo 
(巧妙) ; udemae ; giryp (技倆) ; (fine) 
hijuisu (美術) ; (mechanical) jufsu ; 
(mttsu ($1 術 j ; geijutsu (藝 術). 

s and crafts, gigel (技 藝). 

the shipbuilder's , zosen- 

m^isu (it 船 技術). 

works of , hijutsuhin (美 術 


Artemisia, n. mocMgusa ; 

Arterial, a. ddmyaku (動脈) no. 

Artery, n. ddmyaku (動脈). 

Artesian, a well, horbmkl- 


Artful, a. (crafty) ochaku (^^) na ; 
kokatsu (狡 滑) na ; (skilfully made) 
takumi na ; seiko (精巧) na. 

Artfully, ady. ochaku ni ; kbkatsii 
ni ; takumi nl : selko ni. 

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[ 58 ] 


Artliritis, n. kicanseisu-Mnshb (鬭 
節微衝 )• 

Article, n. (a particular substance 
or commodity) shim ; shmamono ; 
huppin (物品 jl; (contribution to a 
newspaper) tosho (投書) ; (editorial) 
shasetsu (社 說) ; ronsetsu (論 說); 
(grammatical) kwanshi (冠詞) ; (of a 
treaty, etc.) kajo (箇條 ) ; jdkd (條 項) ; 
jSmo お 條 目). 

S of association, teikwan 

(定 欺) [Com. Co.]. 

s of war, (junriisu (軍律). 

for slap's use, senybhin (船 


definite , 力 ei た wxms/ji (定冠詞). 

discussion of a bill by 

, chikvjo-shingi (浑條 審議). 

indefinite , futel-kwanshl (不 


in the of death, (in articnlo 

mortis), shinime ni ; shinignca ni. 

ship's s, senseldshb (船籍 證 )• 

third (of a treaty, etc.), dai- 

sanjo (第三 隙). 

toilet s, fces/io/im (化 被 品). 

Articulate, a. (distinctly uttered) 
hakkiri shita ; Jwmnyo (分明) na > 
meiryo (明 障) na. _ 

animals, kwanseisu-dobutsu 

. (關節 動物). 
Articulate, t.v. hatsuin (發 音) s. 

to distinctly, hakkiri to 

hatsuin s. 

Articulated, a. (anatomy) kwan- 

setsu (關 節) no aru. 
Articulation, n. (anatomy) kwan- 

setsu ; (sound) hatsuin. 
Artifice, n. hakarigoto ; sakuryaku ; 

hoben (方便); tekuda ; (to procure 

money) sandan (算段). 
Artificer, n. (skilled workman) mei- 

shb (名匠); me'ikd (名工) ; ryoko (頁 

ェ) ; (workman) fcojin ^xa) ; shokJcd 


s, school, JdJcwcnijutsu-ren- 

shffjo (機關 術 練習所). 
Artificial, a. jinzo (人造) no ; jinko 
(Ax) no ; saiku [MX.) shita ; in 
compounds jmzd- 、入 造 j, or saiku- 
(条 田ェ) ; (feigned) itsuwari no. 

eye, ire-7ne. 

flowers, isukuri-bana. 

hair, ire-ge. 

ivory, jinzo-zoge. 

leg", tsugi-ashi ; gikyaku (義 

脚). ' 

mound, tsuki-yania. 

nose, tsulce-bana, 

tears, sora-nmnida. 

teeth, ire-ha. 

thing, saiku-mono. 

Artificially, adv. jinzo de ; (feigned- 

ly) itsuwatie. 
Artillery, n. (body of men) hdhei 

(砲兵); hdheitai (砲 兵隊); (guns) 

taihd (大石 包) ; ddzutsu ; (science) ho- 

jutsu 術). 

driver, hbhel-qyosotsu (砲兵 

馭卒) • 7 — 

ammunition waggon, ho- 

hei-danyakusha (石 包 兵 5 單^ 車). 

park, hosho i^i^). 

train, hdhei-shicho (砲兵 顿 


coast defence , yosai-hdhei 

(要寨 砲兵); yosai-hdheitai (要褰 砲 

兵 滕). . ^ . 
corps of and engineers, 

hoko-heidan (砲 工兵 團 )• 

field , (guns) yasenhd (野戰 

石 包) ; (troops) yasen-hofiei (野敏 砲 


foot , ioho-hohei (徒歩 砲兵). 

horse ,lkihdhel (騎 砲兵). 

mountain , (guns) sampo 

(山 砲) ; (troops) samponei (山 砲 

siege …… , kojoho (攻城 砲) ; 
{tmoj^s)kdjdhohei (攻娘 砲兵). 

Artilleryman, n. hdhei (砲兵). 

Artisan, n. shokunin (職人) ; Zcojm 
(工人),' kosho (工匠). 

Artist, n. (in a general sense) gishi 
(技師) ; gigelsha (技藝 者) ; hijidsuka 
(美術家); (painter) ekaki ; eshi ; 
gicako (^X). 

Court , te'ishitsu-qlgei-m (帝室 

技藝晨 ). 

Artistic, a. gacM (雅致) no aru ; fit- 
ga (風雅) na ; hijutsuieki (美術的) m). 

Artistically, adv. gachi ni ; fuga 
ni ; hijutsuteki ni. 

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[ 59 ] 


Artless, a. shdjlJd (正直) na ; mu-jaki 
(無 氣 j na ; uhu na ; adokenai ; gu- 
choku (愚 ||^) na ; shitsuhoku (!^ 朴) 
na ; iakumi no nai. 

Artlessly, adv. snojud ni ; mu-jaki 
ni ; uhu ni ; adokemJcii ; guchoJcit ni ; 
shiisuhoku ni ; takumi naJcu. 

Artlessness, n. eqniv. of Artless 
foil, by koto. 

Arum tripliyllum, hange (半 夏). 

As, adv. and conj. (because) kara ; 
yue ; ni t suite ; (by way of) to shite ; 
(for example) tatoeba ; rei wo age - 
reba ; (in the same manner with) 
tori ; ifgotoku ; (with verbs of using) 

according" , ni shitagatie. 

far (a place), made. 

...... for me I am ready at any- 
time, watakushi wa itsu nari to 
sashi-tsukae ga nai. 

I go (on the way), iki-gake 


I said just now, tadaima 

moshita tori. 

X return, kaeri-gake ni. 

it were, iwaha. 

I was going" to bed, mo 

neyd to sum toki ni. 

I was on the way to, 

e iku tochu de. 

many there are, arit- 

take ; arudake. 

mucli , dake ; hodo ; as, 

a woman does not eat 

much a man, onna ica 

otoko hodo tahenai. 

follows, sa no ton!; tsugi 

no iorl. 

often , ianiM ni ; as, 

often I meet him, 

am hiio ni au tarabi ni. 

one grows old, toshi wo 

torn ni tsuiie. 

quickly possible, na- 

rutake hayaku. 

soon I started, wata- 
kushi ga dekakeru to sugu ni. 
soon it is jfinislied, 

deJci-shidai ni. 

soon it strikes six 

shut the gate, rokvji (六 時) wo 
uttara sugu ni mon ico shimero. 

soon ever, is expr. by 

ya inaya ; as, soon 

ever I gave him water he 
drank it up, midzu ico yarn ya 
inaya mina nonde shimatia. 

soon ever I saw him, 

miru ka mined uchi ica. 

" sure , is expr. by 《ひ 

ill to kiito ; as, sure I 

go out it rains, icatakushi ga 
deru to hi to Icitto ame gafuru. 

they climbed, noboru ni 


yet, imada ; ima made. 

you are about it, o tsuide 

ni ; te tsuide ni. 

you were (mil.), moto e ! 

he trembled he spoke, 

hanashi ico shi-nagara miburui wo 
shite ita. 

is not , no yd ni 


it is amusing" far 

that goes, omoshiroi koio wa 
omoshiroi ga. 

I thouglit much, sore mita 

koto ka. 

it is far from this to 

Shiba, Jcoko kara Shiba e iku 
dake aru. 

it is you say, o hanashi no 

tori de gozaimasu. 

Japanese wine is not 

strong European, Nihon 

no sake wa achira no hodo kusuku 
ica nai. 

leave it it is, sono mama 

ni shite oke ; sore nari ni shite 

to regard , to/mlnasu. 

Asafoetifla, n. agi 

Asbestos, n. ishiicata ; seklmen (石 
綿) ; sekijil (石 絨). 

Ascarifl, n. kwaichu (蛔蟲 ). 
es, kicaichurui (蟈蟲 類). 

Ascend, t.v. & i.v. noboru ; agaru. 

Ascendency, n. kensei (權 勢) ; sel- 
ryoku (勢力) ; ken-i (灌 威). 

Ascension, n. (to heaven) shdieti 

(昇天). r. 

day, shotenjitsu (昇天 日 )• 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 60 ] 


Ascent, n. nohorl ; (a hill) ndbon- 
saka ; salca. 
a steep , kyiaaka. 

Ascertain, t.v. (by enquiry) Iciki- 
awase-ru ; (by seeing) mi-todo!c6'ru ; 
(find out) shirabe-ru ; iadasu ; tori- 
shirahe-ru ; (make certain of) tsuki- 
tome-ru ; t(xshlkame'7,u. 

Ascertainable, a. to be …… , 

. pass, voice of eqmv. of Ascertain . 

Ascetic, a. kwayoku (寡^) no. 
to be , yoJcu wo set {^]) s. 

Ascetic, n. ivja (隱 者). 
Asceticism, n. selyoku-shuqi (制愁 
主義). ' ■ 

Ascribable, a to, ni hi {%%) 


Ascribe, t.v. nilki (歸) s ; nolsei 
ni s. 

I it to tlie heat, atsusa no 

sel nl s, or aisusa no set ka to 

Ash, n. (tree) toneriko. 

Ashamed, a. I am to say, 

hadzukashii hanashi da keredomo. 

not to be of, ico/haji to mo 


to be , haji-ru ; memboku (面 

目 ) wo Kshinau ; ki <ja togame-ru ; 
haji ICO kaku. 

to make ed, ni/haji wo kaka- 

se m ; nijchijoku (耳 wo atae-ru. 

Asll-eoloiired, a. hai-iro no ; usu- 
neazimi-iro no. 

Ashes, n. hai. 

to reduce to , hal ni s ;. 

卞 Ji: 践 ifm (灰 儘) ni s. 

Ashore, adv. to run , (on a 

rock) ilea ni agaru ; zasho (坐礁) s ; 
anstio (暗礁) ni fure ru ; (on the 
sand) su ni agaru ; asase ni nor'i- 

Asll-pan, n. (of grate) hai-uke. 

Asli-tray, n. hai-zara. 

[The section of bamboo used as 

an by the Japanese is called 


Asli- Wednesday, n. sulyd-kical- 
ヌな" (水曜 灰 日). ' 

Asia, n. Ajia ; Ajiashu (亞細 © 洲). 

Minor, Ko-Ajia. 

Central , Chud-Ajia. 

Asiatic, a. Ajia no ; Ajiashii no. 

Asiatic, n. ( 亞 ま田亞 人). 

Aside, adv. (on one side) waki ni ; 
(to one side) waki e. 

to put , (in order) kaiadzu- 

ke-ru ; (to keep) totte oku. 

to set (a judgment), tori- 

kesu. [Cr. Pro.]. 

to stand , waki e yoru. 

putting- for the moment, 

shiharaku sashi-oite. 

Asinine, a. hakarashii ; haka-haka- 

Ask, t.v. (inquire) kiku ; iadzune-ru ; 
ukagau ; (request) negau ; tmomu. 

may I ? negaicaremasho ka. 

to after a friend, tomo no 

ampi (安否) uo ion. 

Askance, adv. to look at, 

wolyokome ni mi-ru ; (with suspi- 
cion) wo/shirime ni mi-^m. 

Askew, ady. to be , magatie 

oru ; nejireie oru. 

Aslant, adv. to be , saka ni 

natte oru ; naname ni natie oru. 

Asleep, adv. to be , nete oru ; 

(of the legs) ivajshibire ga Jcire-ru. 

to be peacefully, suya- 

suya to nete oru. ' 

to fall in one's seat, i-ne- 

muri wo s. 

Asparagus, n. * ; (officinalis) tem- 
mondo (天 門 冬); (wild variety) hiji- 
kakushi ; iatsu no hige. 

Aspect, n. (look) yosu ; arisama ; 
(of affairs) moyd . (搶樣 ) ; kelkyd (景 
况) ; (of a house) muki. 

viewed in its legal , hdri- 

isu (法律) no ue kara mireha. 

Aspen, n. yam€Hiarashi ; maruha- 
yanagi ; hako-yanagi ; yomi-furi. 

Asperity, n. huaisd (不愛 相) ; hukotsu 
(照 骨). 

with , Immso ni ; hukotsu ni. 

Aspersion, n. soshiri ; soshin-zcim- 

lib ; uho mm)- 

Hosted by 



[ 61 ] 


Asphalt, n. * ; c んむ Wdse; (地 瀝^). 

Asphyxia, n. chissoJcu (窒息). 

Aspiration, n. hofu (抱 買). 

Aspirant, n. netsubdsha (熱望 者) ; 
kohosha (jlllfl]^). 一 

Aspire, i.v. to to, wolmzomu ; 

鶴 jneisuhd (熱 s. 

Aspiring! y, adv. netsuhd shite. 

Asquint, adv. to look , yaho nl 

ral-ru ; naname ni m レ via. 

Ass, n. usagl-uma ; roha (驢馬) ; (fool) 
haka . , 

Assail, t.v. seme-ru ; kdgeki (攻擊 ) s ; 
osou ; idsu ; (with, words) kdgeki 
s ; hakugeki (gt 擊) s. ' 

Assailant, n. kdgeJdsha (攻, 者) ; 
seme-kata ; (one who acts with intent 
to harm) kyokosha (5 & 行者) ; (one who 
does bodily injury) kagaisha (加害者). 

Assassin, n. shikaku (刺客); seH- 
kaku ; ansatsunin (Bf^A). 

Assassinate, t.v. ansatsu (暗殺) s. 

to toe d, ansatsu ni au ; 

ansatsu sare-ru. 

Assassination, n. ansatsu ; yaml- 
uchi. , 

Assault, t.v. (a fortress) V'O /kdgeki 
(攻擊 ) s ; icolsUngeki (進 擊) s ; nij 
seme-yose-ru ; nijuchi-iru ; ico/shugeki 
(襲 擊) s ; (strike) naguru ; butsu ; 
oda (歐 打) s [leg. term] ; (strike 
repeatedly) chochaku (打 驟) s ; randa 
(ft 打) s. 

Assault, n. (of a fortress) kdgeki ; 
shingeki ; shugeki ; (of a person) oda ; 
randa ; chochaku. 

and wounding*, oda-sosho 

(毆打 創蕩) [Cr. Co.]. 

resulting- in death, oda- 

cMshi (毆打 致死). 

to take a town by , machi 

wo osotte torn, or seme-tor u. 

Assay, t.v. hunseki (分析') s ; fvM- 

Assay, n. bunseki ; fuki-icake ; bwi- 
seki-shiken ( 分析 試 驗). 

master, hunsekishikenkican 

(分析 試驗官 ). 

Assayer, n. hwisekisha (分丰 斤^); 

Assemblage, n. yori al ; sMkical 
(集 會) ; t^waigo (會 合) ; shugo (集合) ; 
gunshu (pft). 

Assemble, t.v, atsume-ru ; (call toge- 
ther) yohi-yose-ru ; yoM-aiswne'ru ; 
shoshfi (さ 集) .9 ; &os7i な (募集) s ; 
^^collect things together) matome-ru. 

Assemble, i.v. (of persons) shilkical 
(集 會) s ; kwavjd (會 合) s ; yorl-au ; 
shugo (集合) s ; tsudou ; (of persons 
or things) atsumaru ; (of things) 
matomaru ; tsudou. 

Assembly, n. shakwai, ; yorl-al. 

city , shikwai (fj? 會). 

law of ies and political 

associations, shuJcwai-selslvi-hd 
(集 會政社 法). 

liberty of , shakwai no jhufi 


prefectural …… , kenkicai (縣會 ). 

to beat the (mil.), shur/ofu 

(集合 譜) ぜ ま ひ' ' 

to sound the (mil.), shilfjofu 

u'ofuku. ' ' 

Assembly-room, n. kicaijo (會蕩 ) ; 
shukwcdjb (集會 場). 

Assent, i.v. shbchi (承知) s ; naitoku 
s ; shoin (承 3l) s ; slibdaku 
(承諾) s ; gaten (合 點) s ; ddi (同意) s. 

to to, uo/kiki-ire'rii. 

to be ed to (of a request), 

kikidzumi ni nam. 

Assent, n. shochi ; nattoku ; sholn ; 
shodaku ; gaten ; ddi. 

Imperial (to a bill), go saiJcT 

(御 裁可). ' 
Assert, t.y. (asseverate) ii-hani ; f/ojo 
(tS5 虽) ぜ o hatte ill ; (maintain) il-ha- 
ru ; shucho (主張) s. 

to one's authority, jibun no 

kenryoku (權 力) wo shucho s. 

Assertion, n. (act of) equiv. of 
Assert foil, by koto ; (what is as- 
serted) iu tokoro ; shucho ; ii-taie ; 
dangen (斷 言) ; kakurjen (醺 言). 

Assess, t.v. (a price) nedzumori s ; 
hydka (評 價) s ; (charge a sum on) 
nilwari-tstike-ru ; nijicari-ate ru ; (fix 
or ascertain) tadasu ; kime'ru. 

Hosted by Goo ヌ k 


[ 62 ] 


to the land tax, chiso (地租) 

wo sadame-ru. [N^aica wo ire-rUj or 
mo ICO ire-ru, means to measure 
the land for the purpose of asses- 
sing it. Kemmi (撿 え) s. is to ins- 
pect standing crops for the same 

Assessment, n. (act of) equiv. of 
Assess foil, by koto ; (of duties) 
fukwa (賦課) ; (of lands) taka ; (of 
taxes) zeigaku (稅 額) ; (valuation) 
muchi ; neaziimori. 

basis of of a tax, Jcicazei- 

hydjun (課 跪 標準). 

Assessor, n. (judicial) baiseki-hanji 
(陪席 判事) [Civ. Pro.] ; (of taxes) 
kwazei-hydkanin (課 稅評價 人). 

Assets, n. zaisan (財 產) ; midan 
(財 圑) [Civ. Co.]; shisan (資産); 
(of deceased persons) isan (遺 產). 

Asseverate, t.v. dangen (斷 言) s ; 
ii-kiru ; ii-tsunoru ; ii-haru. 

Asseveration, n. dangen ; (act of) 
equiv. of Asseverate foil, by koto. 

Assiduity, n. benkyo (勉強) ; Jconki 
(根 氣) ; henrei (勉 勵) ; Icon ; iansei 

a person of great , Icon no 

tsuyoi hito. 

Assiduous, a. henkyo sum ; iansei 
na ; yudan (f^Hfj) no mi. 

AsSKluoiisly, henkyo shite ; yudan 

Assign, t.v. (allot) haito (配 當) s ; 
humpai (分 酉 U) s ; icaritsuke-ru ; wari- 
ate-ru ; haihun (^E 分) s ; (fix) kime-ru ; 
sadame-ru ; kaJcutel (確 走) s ; (trans- 
fer) yudzuri-watasu. 

to a reason, shidai-gara wo 

iu ; wake wo iu. 

Assign, n. (a person to whom 
property is assigned) yudzuri-^kenin 
[Civ. Co.]. 

Assig'nable, a, yudzurl-icatashl no 

he did it without any 

reason, ku ni iiasliimashita. 

Assignation, n. (appointment for 

meeting) kwaif/d (會合 } no yakusoku 

(約束) ; ■ yakusoku ; (ditto, secret) 
mikkwai (密會 ) no yakusoku. 

house, machi-ai ; cteai-jaya ; 

machiai -jaya ; kashi - seki [W. 

Assignment, n. yudzurl - watashi 
[Civ. Co.] ; (written) yudzuri-watashi- 

Assig'nor, n. yudzurl-watashi-nin 
[Civ. Co., Com. Co.]. 

Assimilation, n. (fig.) ddkwa ; (lit.) 
shbkwa (f 肖 化). 

Assimilate, t.y. (bring into confor- 
mity) onajiku s ; ichiyo (一 樣) ni s ; 
(fig., ideas) dokwa s ; (of food) 
shbkwa s. 

Assimilative, a. ddkwa-ryoku (同化 
力) メ aru. 

Assist, t.v. ieisuaau ; tasuke-ru ; ni/ie 
wo kasu ; hosa (^jfe) s ; joryolcu 
(助力) s ; (further the interests of) 
no/shusen (周旋) wo s ; nojsewa wo s ; 
(relieve) sukuu ; fujo (扶助) s; (suc- 
cour) tasuke-ru ; (unite forces with) 
ni/kasei (力 U 勢) s. 

Assistance, n. tetsudai ; joryoku ; 
hosa ; (furtherance of interests) jin- 
ryoku (盡 力); sewa ; shusen (周旋); 
.(in danger) kyUjo (救助); Jeyusai 
(救 濟); (pecuniary) hojo (稀 助); 
(reinforcements) enjo (援 U 力), 
divine , myoga {^VU)- 

Assistant, n. tetsudai-nin ; (clerk) 
shoki (書 IE) ; (shopman's) tedai ; 
(doctor's) ioshu (ぬ 手); (to parties in 
a suit, not being a barrister) hosanin 
(補佐 人) [Civ. Pro.]. In compounds 

is often expr. by jo (助) or ho 

(補) ; as, 

…… mayor, joyaku (助役). 

teacher, j'o7c2/5 ( 助教). 

consular , rydjiho (體事 補). 

Associate, n. (companion) tomo- 
dachi ; nakama ; hobai (明 ||). 

Associate, • i.v. to with, (in 

business) to/kumi-au ; iolkyoad (共 
同) s •, (socially) tolmajiwaru ; io/ 
tsuki-au ; ni/chikadzuku. 
Associate, t.v. (to join with one as 
a partner, etc.) kyodo (共同) s ; (con- 
nect in thought) renso, (i^^J s. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 63 ] 


the crow is d with, the 

cherry (in Japanese art), karasu 
ga sakura no tsukimono da. 

to "be d with, nijsanyo 

(參與 ) s ; as, 

tlie people are d with the 

sovereign in the government 
of the country, jimmin (入 民) ひ" 
kokud (國 王) to tomo ni koJcusei 
(國 政) ni Sanyo s. 
Associate-judge, n. • balseki-hanji 
(陪席 判事). 

Association, n. (a society) nakama ; 
shachu (社中); kumi-ai ; kybkwai 
(協 會) ; (body of persons) dantai 
(Hti) ; (commercial) stiokicai 會) ; 
kwaisha (會 社) ; kumi-ai [Civ. Co., 
Com. Co.] ; shadan (社 圑) [Civ. Co.] ; 
(state of being associated, of persons) 
majiicari ; tsuki-ai. 

of ideas, kicannen-rengd (觀 念 

聯合); m は 5 (聯想). ' 

articles of , teilman (定款) 

[Com. Co., Civ. Co.]. _ 

evangelical , fiikuin-kyb- 

7i:u'aU 福音 教會 ). 

Assort, t.Y. nojkuchi-wake ico s ; woj 
tori-imke-ru ; no/mi-wake wo s ; no/ 
bimrul (分類 5 ICO s. • 
ed (various), iro-iro no. 

Assortment, n. (act of) kuchi-wake ; 
bunrui ; rui-icake. 

an of goods, iro-iro no mono ; 

kakushu (各種) no shinamono. 

Assuage, t.v. (anger) nadame-ru ; 
(pain) usurage-ru ; yawamge'ru ; 
karuku s ; karume'ru. 

to thirst, kaicaki wo tome-ru, 

or toku. 

to "be d, yaicaragu ; usuragu. 

Assume, t.v. (pretend to possess) 
nilmise-kake-ru ; (take for granted) 
Icari ni mbke-ru ; katei (假 定) s ; 
kari-sadame-ru ; okudan (膨敏 ) s. 

d voice, Jcoim-iro. 

' ing that , to sure- 

ha ; to mireba. 

even for the moment ing" 

that, kari ni io shite mo. 

if we that, kari ni to 

shiie mo. 

As sumption, n. (ascension) shoten 
(昇天) ; (conjecture) okusetsu (騰說 ) ; 
sozo (想像) ; (for the moment) katei. 

Assurance, n. (act of) nke-ai ; hosfio 
(保 證); (confidence) shinyo (信用); 
(imptidence) heiJci (平 氣) ; zuzushii 
koto ; (insurance, q.y.) hoken (保臉 )• 

Assure, t.v. (declare) uke-cm ; tashika 
ni uke-au ; (insure) ni/ hoken wo fu 
(附) '% or tsuke-ru. 

Aster, n. ezo-giku ; daruma-giku. 

Asterisk, n. hoshi ; seiten (星 點). 

Astern, adv. (at the stern) tomo ni ; 
sembi (船尾) ni ; sengo (船 後) ni ; 
(behind a ship) fune no ato ni ; 
(behind the stern) tomo no ato 
(towards the stern) tomo no ho (方) e. 

to go , ato ni modoru ; qotai 

(後退) ' 

Astlima, n. zensoku (喘, 皂、 ). 

Astlimatic, a. zensoku ni kakatta ; 
zensoku wo yamu. 

Astlimatically, ady. zeizei to iki wo 

Astij?iiiatism, n. fukushlgan (窗 


Astonisli, t.Y. odorokasu ; hiklmri 
sase-ru ; kimo ico tsuousase-ru ; gyoten 
(仰天) sase-ru. 

to be ed, odoroku ; hikkuri s ; 

kimo ICO tsubusu ; gyoten s. 

Astonisliiiig', a. Jcitai (奇態) tia ; 

Astonisliiiigly, adv. kitai ni ; myd 

ni ; odoroku hodo ni. 
Astonisliment, n. gyoten ; hikkuri ; 
tamageia koto. 

Astoiinfl, t.v. to "be d, gyoten s ; 

kimo icb tsuhusu. 
V. Astonisli. 

Astraddle, adv. maiagatte. 

Astragalus, n. kyokotsu (距骨). 

Astray, adv. to go , mayou. 

to lead , (fig.) mayowasu ; 

7nado 観 ss'ru ; (lit.) hagurasu. 

Astride, adv. to be of, rd'i maia- 
gatte oru. 

to get of, nijmatagaru. 

to sit , uma-nori ni nam. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 64: ] ATE 

Astring'ency, n. shihumi ; shibusa ; 

shihui koto. 
Astringent, a. shibui. 
Astringent, n. shurenzai (收 敵劑) ; 

shushukuzai (妆縮 劑). 
Astrologer, n. hosM-uranalja ; kyil- 

seika (九星 ま. * 
Astrology, n. hoshi-umimi ; hokusei 

( ト 星). 

Astronomer, n. temmon-gakusha 
(天文 學者) ; selgakusha (星學 者). 

Astronomy, n. temmon-gaku ; sei- 

Astute, a. surudoi ; Unsho (敏^) na ; 
hashikkoi ; tinwan (敏腕) na ; (in an 
evil sense) kokatsu (狡 滑) ria. 

AstutenCvSS, n. hinshd ; hinwan ; 
(cunning) kokatsu. 

Astutely, adv. surudoku ; hinshd ni ; 
hinwan ni ; kokatsu ni. ' 

Astincler, adv. to come , hana- 


to cut , kirl-hamsu. 

to pull , hippanasu. 

Asylum, n. (for lunatics) fiiten-hyom 
(li [痛? 院) ; kichigai-hybin ; (for the 
deaf and dumb) mb-a-byom (盲 I|S 
病院) ; (for the poor) yoikuin (養育 
ま) ; (place of refuge) ■nige-ba ; 

At, prep, ni ; cZe. 

all (in neg. sentences), go 

mo ; sukoshi mo. 

any time, itsu de mo. 

first, shote ni ; saisho (最初) ; 

hajime ica. 

hand, soba ni ; chikaku ni. 

last, (after much difficulty) 

yatto ; (when result lias been de- 
layed) yoyaku ; (when result was 
■ foreseen) shimai ni ; tsui ni ; owari 
ni ; (when restilt was not foreseen) 

least, semete ; (of niunber) 

sukmiaku mo. 

most, oku mo. 

once, sugu ni ; tadacJii ni. 

present, tdji (當 寺) ; ima wa. 

the best, yokute mo. 

the same time, shikashi 


times, toki-doki ; toM ni yotte. 

British. Consul Yoko- 
hama, mi-Yokohama Mkokn-ryoji 
(在 橫濱 英國頜 事). 

I cannot understand it 

all, sappari waJcaranai. 

Atlieism, n. mushinron (無神論). , 

Atheist, n. mushim,onja (無神論者). 

Axlieistical, a. mushinron no. 

Athens, n. Atene. 

Aililetic, a. undo ni nareta. 

sports, undokwai (運動 會). 

Athwart, prep, no yoko ni ; ni yoko- 

to lie , ni/yoJcotawaru. 

Atlantic Ocean, taiseiyd (大西洋). 

Atlas, n. chidzusho (地圖 書).. 

Atmosphere, n. MM (空 琴) ; talJci 
(大氣 ) ; (a weight of air) kkitsu (氣 
壓)' . 

Atmosplieric, a. kuM no ; taiki no. 

engine, Jclatsu-kiJcal (氣壓 

機 铖). 

pressure, fciatsu (氣壓 ). 

Atoll, n. sango-td (珊朔 島). 
Atom, n. MbunsM. (微分 子). 

s, myin (微塵). 

to smasli to s, mijin rd 


Atomic, a theory, genshisetsu 

(原子 說). 

weight, kwagoryo ひ匕合量). 

Atomiser, n. (scent) kosui-fukl. 

Atone, i.v. to for, wo/agamu ; 

wo/tsugunou ; wo/skokumi (翻 罪) s. 
Atonement, n. shokuzal ; aganai ; 

Atractylis, n. (lancea) sojutsu (蒼 
Tit); (ovata) okera. 

Atrocious, a. gokuaku (極 琴) no ; hd- 
aku (暴 惡) no ; nikunikushii ; (cruel) 
zannin na ; zankoku 告) na. 

Atrociously, adv. nikunikushiku ; 
gokuaku ni ; hoaku ni ; zannin ni ; 
zankoku ni. 

Hosted by 


ヒ 二-: 


[ 65 ] 


Atrocity, n. zannin ; hogyaku (暴 
虐); gokuakit ; hoaku. 

the Armenian ies, Amme- 

nia no gyakusatsu (虐殺). 
Atrophy, n. yase-hosori ; ndso 籠 
; _jiyd-ketsuhd (滋養|^(:艺) ; suljaku 
ぽ 弱)' 

Aiiach, t.v. (annex, as an enclosure) 
soe-ru ; soe-tsuke-ru ; (fasten) tsuke- 
ra ; tsugl-aicase-ru ; (leg.) sashi-osae- 
ru ; (tame) nare-sase-ru ; narasu ; 
(tie) 7nusuhi-tsuke-ru ; (win the aifec- 
tion of) no/ki tco toru ; najlmase-ru. 

barrister ed to the Court, 

salbanjo~dzuki, or shozoku (所 屬), 

no bemjoshi (德護 士), 

to "weight to, ? i'/o?no/ci ? co 


to "be ...... ed (of persons), nl/ren- 

chaJcu (戀 着) s. 

to be ed to, (accompany) 

nl/fsuJci-sou ; (affixed) ni/fuchaku 
(附着) s ; (form part of the suite 
of) が./ z 化な な (隨從 ) .s, 
to become ed (of animals), 

Ana C lie, n, (dipl.) kdsalkican-shlko 
(交際 官試 稀); gicaikdkican-ho (外交 
官 補). 

jionorary , me lyo-icosalkwan- 

s んぬ o( 名 春 交際 官試 翻). 
Military (Naval) to a Le- 
gation, kdshiJcican-dziikl-7'ikuf/iin- 
{kaigun)-hukwan (公使館 附陸傘 (海 
軍) 武官). 

Attaclimeilt, n. najiml ; ren-cU (戀 
愛) ; a な 5 (愛情) ; rmchaku (戀 着). ' 

a one-sided , kata-omoi. 

01 goods, —piii (物品) sa- 


provisional of property, 

zalsan-karl-sasfdosae [Civ. Co.]. 

Attack, n. (from ambush) sogekl 
(祖擊 ) ; (fig.) lakugeki (駁擊 ) ; '(lit. 
and jig.) icogeki (攻擊 ) ; (of an epide- 
mic) s/"7r な i (纏^) ; (sudden) shuqekl 
(襲 擊). ' 

an from both, sides, hasa- 


in skirmishing' order, 

sampei-kogeki (撒 兵攻聲 ). 

flank , sokumen-koqekl (側面 

攻擊 ). 

forward to the ! shugeki 

ni siisume ! 

frontal ......, shomen-kdaekl ( 正 面 

攻擊 ). 

to advance to the , koshin 

(攻 進) s. 

Attack, t.v. (an argument) hakugeki 
{MM) s ; (a person) ni/utte kakarii ; 
(lit.) seme-ru ; utsu ; {lit. and fig.) 
Icogeki (攻擊 ) s. 

ing- force, yose-ie ; shugeki- 

tal (襲 擊隊 ). ' 

to a judgment, sa'iban (载 

^]) ni taishiie fufuku (不 flg) ico 

to unawares, no j fid (不意) 

ICO utsu ; osou. 

to be ed by (a disease), ni! 

kakaru ; nl/okasare-ru. 

Attain, t.v. toge-ru ; e-ru. 

to an object, mokuteki (目 

的) u'o tassuru. 

Attain, i.v. to to, (arrive at) 

ni/Uaru ; (reach to) ni/oyohu ; ni/ 
todoku ; ni I tassuru. 

Attainable, a. tassu-heki ; itaru- 
beki ; todoJcu-hekl ; oydbu-heki ; togu- 
heki, ' 

Attainment, n. (act of) equiv. of 
Attain foil, by koto. 

Attainments, n. (learning) gaku- 
shiki (學識 ); gaJcuryoku (學 力). 

Attempt, t.v. (the commission of a 
crime) hakaru ; (try) yatte ml-ru ; 
kokoromi'ru ; tamesu. 

foil, in English by a verb is 

expr. by the gerund foil, by mi-ru ; 
as, to to walk, aruite mi-ru. 

to more than one can do, 

jihun no chikara no oyohanu koto 

ICO shiyd to s, ' 

to suicide, jisatsu (自殺) wo 


Attempt, n. tameshi ; kokoromi ; 
(to commit a crime) misui-zai (禾遂 
罪) [Cr. Pro.]. 

to commit , 7ni- 

sui ; as, ...... to commit suicide, 

jisatsu-misui ( 自殺未遂). 

to murder, bosatsu-m'sui 

(謀殺 未遂). 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 66 ] 


Attend, t.y, (a great ceremony) m/ 
sanretsu (參歹 ij) s ; (a meeting) nil 
shusseki (出;^) s ; (as a witness) 
ni/iacM-au ; (go with) to/dohan (同 |f) 
s ; (go with, of an inferior) nildzuiico 
行) s ; rd/tsuki-sou ; (of a doctor) 
chiryo (殆據 ) s ; te-ate s ; (of a nurse) 
kambyd 病) s ; kango (看護) s ; 
(of Toyaltj) ringyo (臨御 j s ; (royalty) 
nilbalju (き 從) s ; .nilJcojii 從) s. 

to be by a doctor, isha ni 

kakatte oru. 

to fail to -…. . (a meeting), 
nilkesseki (欠席)' s. 

Attend, i.y. (give the mind to) nen 

(念) tt,o ire'ru ; (heed) Jci wo tsuke'ru ; 
chu-i (往 意) s; (to a moral precept) 
wo/tsutsushimu ; (to one's duty) wo] 

to at, nijde'ru ; (a meeting) 

nil shusseki (出^) s ; (of an official, 
at his office) shukkin (出勤) s ; 
(on a summons) ni/shutto (出頭): s ; 
(school) e/kayou. 

to fail to at (a meeting), 

nilkesseki (欠席) s. 
Attendance, n. (at a meeting) 
shusseki (出) jfe); (at office) shukkin 
(出勤); (in answer to an official 
summons) shutto (出頭); (serving) 

な J'Z (給 住). 1 、 , 

to be in (on Royalty), gubu 

(供奉) s. 

Attendant, n. (at a theatre) dehata ; 
(at a 2/ose, etc.) naka-uri ; (follower) 
tomo ; jiisha (從 者) ; tomo-mawari ; 
(on a sick person) kango-nin ; tsuki- 
Uto ; (on Boyalty) haijisha (陪從 者) ; 
dzuikdsha (隨 行者). 

immediate s (followers, of 

a political chief), jikisansha (直參 

Attendant, a. tsuklsoi no. 
Attention, n. chid (往 意) ; kokoro- 
gake ; nen wo ireru koto ; Jci wo tsu- 
: keru koto ; (act of civility) yuiai (優 

! (mil. command), ki wo 

tsuke I 

thank you for the , , go nen 

(念) no iUa koto de gozaimasu 
[used in thanking for a not abso- 
lutely necessary act of civility J. 

the is disturbed, ki (氣) ga 


the is drawn away, ki 

ga utsuru. 

to attract , hito-me wo hiku. 

to attract one's (of things), 

me 711 tomaru. 

to attract public , sejin 

(担ヒ 入) no chili wo hiku ; 卞 sefce^i 
(世間) ? w> jlmoku (耳目) wo shodo 

to call to, wo/ chill (ミ主 

意) s. 

to devote to, nijchumoku 

(注目) s. 

to pay great s to, ie-atsuku 


to pay no to (an order), 

wo/mwii ni mo tomenai. 

with undivided ....... yonen 

念) naku. 

Attentive, a. (courteous) teinei (丁 
^) na; ingin (igfgl) na; (heedful) 
ki no kiita ; yoku ki no tsuku ; chm 
no todoku. 

Attentively, adv. (carefully) ie'mei 
ni ; (courteously) ingin ni ; te-aisuku ; 
(with fixed attention) ki wo tsukete ; 
nen wo irete ; chui shite. 

Attenuate, i.v. to become d, 

yase-ru ; yase-tiosoru ; hosoku naru. 

Attest, t.v. (certify something spok- 
en) shogen (證 言) s ; uhe-au ; hoshb 
(保 證) s\ (certify something written) 
shbmei (證 明) s. 

Attestation, n. shomel ; (certifi- 
cate) shomeisho (證明 書). 

Attire, t.y. nilkise-ru ; (in fine gar- 
ments) yosou ; kamru. 

Attire, n. ifuku (衣服); isho (衣 

Attitude, n. karada-tsuki ; (fig.) 
keshiki ; taido ; yosu (樣 子) ; (in 
fencing or wrestling) mi-gamae ; (of 
an actor) miburi ; (of support or op- 
position) kohai (向背). • 
to assume an of opposi- 
tion, hantai (反 對) no taido ひ 

to strike an , kidoru. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 67 ] 


Attorney, n. (barrister) daigennm 
(代言人); hengosU (辯 護 士); joshi 
• (状 師) ; (general) myddai (名代); dal- 
risha (代理者) ; (under a special 
power of attorney) huri-dainin (部理 
代人); (under power of attorney) 
dairinin (代理 住). 

general, kenji-sochb (檢 事總、 


power of 、, mmjo (委任 Pi; 

da 《パ ( 代理 委&^ ). 

Ax tract, t.v. hiku ; hlki-yose-ru ; 
(allure) yuwaku (誘惑) s ; yiiik (誘引) 
s ; sasou ; izanau. 

to attention, hiio-me wo 


Attraction, n. (act of) equiv. of 
Attract foil, by koto ; (in physics) 
inryoku (引力); (of grayity) juryoku 
(重力). ' 

power of (of persons), yfdn- 

ryoku m 弓、 力), 

the chief (of a show), yohi- 


Anractive, a. (of a person) me ni 
tsuku ; kokoro wo uhau ; (of a wo- 
man) alkyd (愛 婦) no aru ; (of a 
thing) meboshii. 

Attractively, adv. omoshiroku ; me 
ni tsuku hodo. 

Attractiveness, n. (of a woman) 

Attributable, a. to be to, 

ni/gen-in (原 ま) s ; no/tame de aru ; 
no/sei de aru ; nijmotodzuku. 

Attribute, t.v. (impute) nilkadzu- 

to to (consider as caused by), 

no/set (性) ni s. 

Attribute, n. tokushiisu (特賞); 
koyushitsu (固有 質); (gram.) zokusei 

(li 性). 

Airribiitive, a. (gram.) zokusei-teki 

(屬 性的) no. 
Auction, n. seri-uri ; kyohai (競 寶) 
[Com. Co.]; kdljai (公 寶). 

market, seri-ichi. 

to sell by , serl de uru ; 

sen ni kake'ru ; seri-iiri ni s ; kyo- 
bai s. 

Auctioneer, n. serl^in-nin ; kyo- 
ha'min (競寳 人). 

Aucuba, n. aoki. 

Audacious, a. (daring) dailan (大 
贍) na ; futeki (:^ 歒) na ; (insolent) 
furachi na ; fuioi. 

conduct (in a bad sense), 

hojaku-hnjin (傍き 無 入) no okonai. 

lie is an fellow (in a bad 

sense), aivsu tea tsura no kawa ga 
atsui. - 

Audaciously, adv. daltan ni ; fu- 
teki ni ; furachi ni. 

very (in a bad sense), hb- 

jaku-hujin ni. 

Audacity, n. daltan ; futeki ; fura- 

Audibility, n. klkoeru koio. 

Audible, a. to be , kikoe'ru. 

Audibly, adv. klkoeru hodo ; klko- 
eru yd ni. 

Audience, n. (assembly, of hearers) 
kiki-te i bochonin (際 聽 入) chbshu (聽 
衆) ; (ditto, of onlookers) kemhutsu- 
nin (見物 八) ; (between Royalties) ao 
taigan (對 |J) ; (of Royalty) haietsu 
拜 te) ; ekken (謁見). 

ivate , naietsu (お!^). 

e Crown Prince will have 
an of tlie Emperor to- 

morrow, ashita Kicdiaishi-Denka 
(皇; 子 殿下) w^'a re 舰 (天皇 

下) 7ii go taigan araserare-ru. 
to have an of (the Sove- 

reign), ni/ ekken s. 

Audit, n. kwaikel-keiisa (會 計檢查 )• 

Audit, t.v. kensa (檢查 ) s. 

to the books, chobo (帳簿) 

wo kensa s. 

Auditor, n. (listener) kiki-te; hocho- 
nin (き滅 八); (of a firm's accounts) 
kansayaku 《監ま 役) ; (of public ac- 
counts) kwaikei-kensakican (會 計檢蜜 

Auditory nerve, chdshinkei (聽神 

Aug'er, n. neji-glrL 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 68 ] 


Augrment, t.v. masu ; fuyasu ; zdka 
(增 加) L 』 

to a penalty by one de- 

, gree, honkei (本 刑) ni itto (一等) 

wo kuwae'ru [Cr. Co.], 

Aug'ment, i. マ. fue'ru ; zdka s. 

Augmentation, n. zdka. 

Augmentative, a. zdka suru ; ma- 
su ; fuyasu. 

Au^meiitatively, adv. mashite ; 
fuyashiie ; zdka shite, 

Au^ur, n. uranaija. 

Aug'ury, n. (omen) shirase ; zempyd 

August, n. hachigwatsu (八月). 

August, a, tattoi ; ikico (威光) no 
aru ; igen (威 嚴) no am ; songen (尊 
嚴) na ; (of a Sovereign) shison (室 
尊 j na. 

Augustly, adv. tattoku ; songen nl. 

Augustiiess, n. ikwd ; igen ; son- 
gen ; (of a sovereign) shison. 

Aunt, n. oba. 
Aureole, n. gokwd (御 光). 

Auricle, n of the heart, 

shinji (心; Ip). 

left , sa-shinji (左 '亡 、耳). 

riglit , u-shinji (右 心 珠). 

Aurisculp, n. mimi-kaki. 
Aurora borealis, hokkyokkd (4k 
極 紅). 

Auscultation, n. chdsJiinho (聽診 

Auspices, n. (patronage, ' protection ) 
o kage ; hogo (fi^il). 

Auspicious, a. (fortunate) medetal ; 
engi (緣 起) no yoi ; kitcho (吉兆) no ; 
(tewic ん 5 ( 瑞兆) no ; saiicai na. 
day, kichiniclii (吉日). 

Auspiciously, adv. meddaku ; engi 
yoku ; Jdtcho 7ii ; saiicai ni ; dzui- 
cho nL 

Auspiousness, n. emji no yoi koto ; 

kitcho ; dzuicno. 
Austere, a. katai ; (harsh) genjil (喊 
na ; kakoJcu (=gfiS) na. 

Austerely, adv. kataku j genju ni ; 
kakoku ni. 

Austerity, n. kakoku ; genkaku (駿 
格) ; or by equiv. of Austere foil, by 

Australia, n Osuioraria ; Goshil 
(濠洲). 一 一 

Austria, n. dsUtoria ; Okoku (澳國 ). 

Authentic, a. (genuine) tashika na ; 
honto no ; kakvjitsu (確 實) no ; makot ひ 
no ; (of news only) ate ni naru. 
work, hommono. 

Autlienti cate, t.v. (certify) shomei 
(證 明) s ; shokO'tate-ru (證據 ) ; tashi- 
kame-ru ; kakvjitsu ni s. 

Authenticity, n. kaJcKjitsu ; maJco- 
io ; hontd ; jitsu ; (truth or falsity) 
shingi (信 縣). 

Author, n. (of a book) sakuslm 
(作者) ; chosakusha (寧 作 着) ; choja- 
tsusha (著述 者) ; (of a particular 
"work) kaita Into. 

Autlioritative, a. kensel (權 勢) no 
aru ; ken-i (灌 威) no aru ; kenryoku 
(灌; 6) no aru. 

Authoritatively, adv. ken ni yotte ; 
ken-i de. 

Authority, n. (legal power) ken (灌) ; 
kengm (權 li^) ; keniio (權 能); kempei 
(灌 柄) ; (order) mei ; meirei (命令) ; 
(order, official) kwammei ('g*p^) ; 
(power, derived from influence, etc.} 
kenryoku (權 力) ; (prerogative) kenri 

(灌理 )• +. . -マ 
executive les, gyoseikwan 


local ies, chihokwan (地方 官) 

[limited to Prefectural Auths.]. 

persons exercising , 

(official) chokwan {^'^) ; kwanri 
(官吏); kwan-in (官 員). [It is a 
common practice to speak of the 
office instead of the officials ; as* 
kencho (縣廳 ) (the Prefectural 

Office) tor the ies of the 


the .ies, tdkyokusha 、當贾 } 考、. 

the ies concerned, sono suji ; 

tdgai-kwancho (當該 官廳) ; shunin- 
kwancho (主 任官 廳). 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 69 ] 


Authorization, n. ninka (認可); 

without , yurushi nashi ni ; 

midari ni ; (official) ninki, niku ; 
kwankyo naku. 

Authorize, t.v. nil km ico atae-ru ; 
niiinin (委任) s; (justify) yurusu ; 
menkyo (免許) s ; kyoka (許可) s. 

Authorship, n. chojuisu (著述). 

Autobiogrrapliy, n. jitZe'i ( 自傳 ). 

Autobiog-raplier, n. jiden-kisha 

(自 簿記 者). 
Autobiographical, a. jlden no. 
Autocracy, n. dokusai-seijl (揭裁 

政事) ; sensei-seiji (專 制攻 事). 

Autocratic, a. dohusai no ; sensei no. 

Autocratically, adv. dokusai ni; 
sensei ni. 

Autocrat, n. senseisha (- 奪き Ij 者) ; 
senseika (- # 制 家). . 

Autograph, n. jikihitsu (直筆); 
jihitsu (自筆). 

of the Emperor, go shim- 

piisu (御 親筆) ; shimpitsu (震 筆). 

Autographic, a. jihitsu no; (of a 
Sovereign) go slnmpUsu no. 

Automatic, a. jidd no ; jidd-teki no. 
...... telephone, jido-demoa (自動 

11 nil)- 

Automatically, adv. jiddryoku 

(自動 力) de. 

Automaton, n. jiddki (自動 機); 

ヌ れ (自動人形). 

Automobile, n.jiddsha (自動車). 
Autonomy, n. (of government) 

dokuritsu-ken (J^ 立 權); jitcM (自、 冶) 

no ken. 

tariff , zeilcen (税灌 ). 

Autopsy, n. (med.) kenshiho (檢屍 

法); shUai-kaihd (死体解剖); shiqd- 

7ce" & (死 后檢視 ). ^ J 

Autumn, n. aid. 

Autumn, a. aU no ; in Chinese 
compounds shuki- (秋 泰). 

leaves, kdyd (紅葉). 

manoeuvres, shuki - enshu 

(秋季 演習). 

races, shiVd-keiba (秋季 競馬). 

Autumnal, a. aid no ; (past middle 
age) shord 老) no, 

equinox, aki no higan (彼岸), 

Auxiliary, a. hojo (铺 助) れ o. 

coin, hojo-kwahei (補助 ft 幣). 

-… •• ship, f70.v5se" (御用 船). 

…一 verb, joddshi (助 働 詞). 

Avail, i.v. yd (用) ni tatsu ; yaku (役) 
rd tatsu. - 
not to , kamwmai. 

Avail, t.v. I will myself of 

your help, o tanomi mbshimashb. 

I will myself of your 

hospitality, rjo yakkai (厄介) れ i 

I will myself of your 

kind assistance another time, 

sekkaku (折角) no go shinsetsu 
(親切) de gozaimasu ga go (後) shite 
negaimasho. ' 
I will ...... myself of your 

kind invitation and come, go 
annai (案内) ni amaefe mairimashd. 

I will myself of your 

kind permission, sore de wa o 
fcotoha- ni amaete negaimasu. 

to one's self of, ni/jdzuru ; 

loo/saiioai ni s ; wol'mochii-ru ; wo) 

Avail, n. (benefit) kai, 

to be of no , muda de aru ; 

dame de aru ; nan no kai mo nai. 
tnedical treatment proved of 

no , ryoyo (jBg 用) ga kanctwa- 

nai datta. 

without , kai naku. 

Available, a. yd ni tatsu ; yileki 
(有 no ; yiikd '(有効) no. 
a passport for one year, 

ichinen yiikd (一年 有'; ^j) no memo 
(免 狀). 

every means, arayuru shu- 

dcm (手段) • 

I have spent all my 

money, mochiaicase no kane wo 
tsukatte shimatta. 

not , eraremi. 

there was no money , 

kane wa sukoshi mo erarenai datta. 

time for which (a ticket) is , 

{kippu no) tsuyo-kigen (通用 期限) r 
(a licence, etc.) yiiko-icigen. 
to be ...... (valid), tsuyd (通用) 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 

[ 70 ] AWA 

Avalanclie, n. nadare ; (of snow) 

Avant-guard, fa., sem も 5 ( 先鋒); 

Avarice, n. yoku ; yokubari ; riyoku 
(利 慾); donyoku (貪 愁); moku 
(强愁 )• 

Avaricious, a. yoku no fukai ; don- 
yoku na ; yokuhaita. 
to be ...... yokuharu. 

Avariciously, adv. yoku fukaku ; 
yokuhatte, . 

Avariciousiiess, n. yoku no Jukai 
koto ; donyoku ; yokubari ; donran 

• (貪婪). 

Avatar, n. gongen (ffi 現). 
Aveilg;e, t.v. nolkataki ico utsu ; 

nojlcatald wo torn ; no/ada wo mukuu ; 

fukushu (復 善) s ; (an insult) sosogu. 

to one's self, ada wo mukuu. 

Aveilg'er, n. kataki wo utsu hito ; 

fukushfisha (復標 者) ; ada-ucM wo 

sum hito. 

Avenging', a. eqiiiv. of Avenge 

•used as aaj. 
Avenue, n. (a double row of trees) 

namiki ; nawor-te. 

Averag'e, n. mrasM ; heUcin (平均). 
adjuster, kaison-seisan nin 

(海損 情 ^人). . • 
agreement, Jc^ison-keiyakii - 

sho (海損 契約書). _ 一 

clause, mi'Son-joJco け母僳 

條 項)' r". …-に 
contribution, icyoao-kaison- 

hunianlcaku (共同 海 撗分擔 額). 

deposit, kaison-yokin (海損 

金); kaison-kydtakukin 

託 金) • 

statement. Jcaison-seisansho 

(海損 精算書). 

general , kyoao-icaison (共同 

摔捐) [Com. Co.] ; kyoian-bunson 

(共擔 分 損). , 
particular toku tan-sonshitsu 

讓 t» 失). ば 7. デ 
on an ....... heikm ; naraskite. 

Average, a. narashi no ; heikm no ; 
naini no; (quite ordinary) heibon 
(平凡) no. 

tare, heikin-ffdai (平均 Si-^)* 

above the , hihon (非凡) ゆ ひ 

[used adjectively]. 
an man, junih-nami no hito. 

Average, t.v. narasu. 

Averse, a. to be to, ico/kirau ; 

ico/iyagaru ; icojitou ; wo/kono- 

Aversion, n. (an object of dislike) 
Jclrai ; (feeling of dislike) iya-ki. 
to have a feeling" of , iya-ki 

(ja sasu. 

sake-ru ; (turn 

Avert, t.v. yoke-r 
- away) somuke-ru. 

to the face, kao wo 

' somuke-ru. 
Aviary, n. ioya ; tori-goya ; tori-heya. . 
Avidity, n. yokubari ; musahori. 

"witb. ...:.., yokuhatte ; musabotte ; 

(of eating) gatsu-gatsu shite ; kitsu - 


Avocet, n. sorlhashi-chidori. 
Avoid, t.v. (act so as to prevent) 

is expr. by the neg. indie, pres. foil. 

by yd ni s ; (not to hold intercourse. 

with) tozake-ru ; (shun) sake-ru ; yoke- 

ru ; nogare-ru ; manukare-ru. V. also 


could not …… , is expr. by yogi 
naku, yondokoro naku, or yamu wo 
edzu, foil, by the indie, past ; as, 

I could not coming' al- 

th.ougli I did not wish to, 
mairitaku wa nakatta ga yogi naku 

Avoidable, a. sakerareru ; yokera- 
reru ; manukareru ; nogareru. 

Avoiflaiice, n. equiv. of Avoid foil, 
by koto. 

Avow, t.v. kdgen (公言) s; meigen 
(明言) s; hydmei (表明) s; (crime) 
7i. ひた 白狀) s; ni/fuku {U} s. 

Avowal, n. (act of) equiv. of Avow 
foil, by koto ; (of crime) hakujo. 

Avowedly^ adv. dyake ni ; akara- 
sama 7ii ; 'kdzen (公!^) ni ; uchi-akete ; 
?? (明白)? ii. 

Await, t.v. matsu ; (with anticipation) 
nqzomu; Mho (^^) s. 

Hosted by 


[ 71 ] 



Awake, t.v. okosu ; (out of sleep) 

no/me wo samasu. 

Awake, i.v. oki-ru ; iDa]me ga same- 
ru ; (fig.) kelsei (警 g め s. 

Awake, a. are you ...... ? (polite) 

me-zame de gozaimasu ka. 

to "be , me ga samete oru. 

to lie at niglit, ne-sobire-ru ; 


Awakening-, n. (act of) equiv. of 
Awake foil, by koto. 

Award, t.v. kime'ru ; atae-ru ; (judi- 
cially) saidan (裁 斷) s ; shimpan 
(審判) s; Imnketsu (判 决) s; (of 
rewards) atae-ru ; juyo (授與 ) s. 

Award, n. (in an arbitration) kettei ; 
ketteisho (ぁ定 書) [the document] ; 
(judgment) hanJcetsu ; saidan ; 

Aware, a. as you are , go 

shochi (承知) no tori ; go zonji no 

to Ibe of, ico/sMite oru ; wo/ 

shochi (承知) shite oru ; ico/zonjite 

without "being of it one's 

self, ware shiradzu. 

Awasli, a. to "be , nami ni uta- 


Away, adv from, loo hanarete. 

to be , rusu de aru ; inai 

[neg. of i-ru]. 

to blow , fuJci-harau. 

to do with, wo/hai (廢) s ; 

wo/haishi (廢 止) s. 

to fade , kie-use-ru. 

to fling , furi-sute-ru. 

to go , iiU shimau. 

to put , katadzuke-ru ; 

shimatte oku. 

to run , niqefe shimau ; shup- 

pon (出奔) s ; toho (a 亡) s ; (from 
a ship) dassen (脫 船) s; (from a 
ship of war) dakkan (脫 艦) s ; 
(from the army) datsiiel (il 營) s. 

to run with, (a woman) 

tojkake-ocM s ; (the property of 
others) ico/mochi-7iige s ; wo/motie 
nige-ru. . 

to send , (dismiss) kaesu ; 

^dme away) opparau. 

Awe, n. osore ; osore-iri ; ikei {^^). 

to stand in of, ni/ki (氣) ga 

oke-ru. . ' 

Awe, t.Y. odokasu ; kowagarase-m. 

to into, foil, by a verbal 

noun is expr. by nijodoshi wo 
kakete, foil, by the causative 
verb ; as, 

to ...... into oTbeying", nijodoshi 

wo kakete shitagawase-ru. 

Awe-inspiring*, a. (of a spectacle) 
susaraashii ; (of persons) ririshii. 

Awful, a. osorosliii ; ikwb (威光) no 

Aw'fuliiess, n. osoroshii koto ; 
(solemnity) igen (威 嚴). 

Awfully, adv. taihen (大變 ) ; (slang) 

Awliile, adv. shibaraku ; sulcoshi no 
aida ; zmji (暫時). 

Awkward, a, (impolite) gasatsu 
(我,) 德 ; setsiiretsu (拙 na ; 
bukitcho na ; (of an affair) komatta ; 
(wanting dexterity) hukiyd (不器用 j 
na ; lieta na. 

Awkwardly, adv. (impolitely) 

gasatsu ni ; setsiiretsu ni ; bukitcho 
ni ; (wanting dexterity) hukiyd ni ; 
heta ni. 

Awkwardness, n. (of an affair) 

komatta koto ; (of manners) gasa- 
tsu ; setsuretsu; (want of dexterity) 

Awl, n. kiri. r 
Awn, n. hogi. 

A wiling", n. Myoke ; (in a junk) 

toma ; (of reeds) yoshi-dzuppari. . 

Awry, adv. to Ibe , magatte i-ru ; 

igande i-ru ; nejirete i-ru. 

to get , magaru ; igamu ; 


Axe, n. yoki ; ono. 

heavy , masakari. 

Axillaries, n. waki-ba. 
Axiqiii, n. kakuron {Mtm) ; kakugen 
(格言) ; koron ; - fubatmi (不拔 ) no 
, ron. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 72 ] 


Axis, n. shimbo (心棒) ; jiku (鼬). 

of the earth, chijiku (地軸). 

major , chojiku (:^ 軸), 

minor , tanjiku (短 車 由). 

polar , kyokkei (極 徑). 

Axle, n. shingi (心 木) ; jiku (車 由) ; 
shajiku (車!!' 由) ; shimbo (心 fe). 

Axle-box, n. kama-guchi [strictly 
the metal cylinder on the outside of 
the hub]. 

Axle-tree, n. v. Axle. 

Ayes, n. sanseisha (賛成者). 

Azalea^ n. tsutsuji. 

purple , mikawa. 

red , kirishima ; satsuki ; 

honkiri ; keragiri [all different 

white , ryukyu. 

Azeclaracli, n. sendan (施 檀). 

Azimuth, n. c/ii/iei-fceicZo (地平 經 度); 
chihei-keigi (地平 經 儀). 

Azote, n. chisso (窒素). 

Azure, a. sora-iro no. 

B, n. (No. 2) ofsM (こ) • 

Babble, i.v. (utter words imperfectly) 
kata-koto wo iu; (talk idly) becha- 
becha shaberu ; detarame wo iu. 

Babble, n. kata-koio. 

Babbler, n. shaheH. 

Baboon, n. hihi-zaru. 

Baby, n. akamho ; shoni (,J 、兒 ) ; yaya 
[W. Japan] ; (contemptuously) dbo- 
san ; gaki ; (endearingly) botchan ; 

Babyisli, a. (cliildisli) kodomc-rashii ; 

JSaclielor, n. dokushin-mono {WiM 
者) ; hitori-mono ; (academical) gaku- 
shi (學士 ). ' 

Bacillus, n. baikin ® 菌) ; bachi- 

plague , pesto-kin. 

Back, n. (anat.) senaka ; haihu 
(背部) ; (inner part) oku ; (of a 
house, outside) ura ; urate ; (reverse) 
ura ; rimen (裏面) ; (space behind) 
ushiro ; (of a cliair) yokkakari ; (of 
£L blade) mune ; (of a book) sena. 

of the hand, te no kd (甲). 

■behind one's , kage de. 

to fall, lie, etc., on one's , 

aomuke, or aomuki, ni korobu, 
ne-ru, etc. 

to turn one's , shiri-muke 

ni s. 

Back, adv. (ago) zen (前); (of place) 
ushiro e ; ato e ; usually expr. by 
kaeru, or less commonly by modoru, 

to come , affixed to the indef. 

form, or following the gerund, of 
an intrans. verb, and by kaesu, or 

less commonly modosu, to send , 

affixed to the indef. form of a trans, 
verb ; as, 

to flee , nige-kaeru ; nirjete 


to call , vohi-kaesu ; yobl- 

modosu. _ 

there and , iki-kaeri ; jocje 

(上下) ; dfuku (往復). , 

to answer , kuchi-gotae wo s, 

to be , kaette oru. 

to go on one's word, kotooa 

wo hamu ; shokugen (食 百) s. 
Back, t.v. modosu ; (encourage) no/ 
shiri-oshi wo s ; odate-ru ; (bet on) 
nojhd e kake-ru ; (a warrant) nijokuin 
(奧 印) s ; (as, a picture) ura-uchi s. 

to oars, ato e kogu. _ 

to up, suke-dachi s ; no/koen 

(後 wo s ; no/ushiro-date ni nam. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 73 1 


Back, i.v. (move backwards) ato- 
yor'i s. 

to out (fig.), ato-shizari s ; 

ato-bisshari s. 

IBackbite, t.v. nojkarie-gucld wo in. 

JBackbone, n. sehone. 

! Backdoor, n. ura-gucU, 

Backg-ammon, n. sugoroku (雙 六). 

iSackg^ate, n, ura-mon ; (of a castle) 

Background, n. (of a picture) 
tomi ; ashirai. 

to relegate to the , noke- 

mono ni s. 

Backpiece, n. (armour) sena-aie. 

Back-rent, n. (of a house) yachin 
no iodokori. 

Backroad, n. ura-micM. 

Backroom, n. oku no ma ; oku- 

upstairs , ura-nikaL 

Backside, n. ushiro no ho ; ura no 
ho ; (buttocks) shiri ; ketsu. 

! Backslide, i.v. (apostatize) daraku 
(墮 落) s. 

! Backslider, n. daraku shita hito. 
! Backstreet, n. ura-dbri. 
JSacktooth, n. okuha. 
JBackward, a, (behind time) osoi ; 
(in civilization) hirakenai ; (in learn- 
ing) okute na. 

country, kdshinkoku (後 

進 國). 

to be , okure-ru ; (of an indus- 
try, etc. ) fushin ( 不振 ) de aru • 

JBack wards, adv. (back foremost) 
ushiro-muH ni ; (towards the back) 
ato e. 

to fall , nokezoru ; aomuki 

ni korohu, 

to go ....... ato e modoru, or kaeru. 

to look , furi-kaeite mi-rn. 

to read , sakayomi s. 

to turn , (i.v.) ato e mawaru ; 


to walk , ato-dzusarl wo s. 

JSackwasli, n. me-naml. 

Backyard, n. ura-nhca ; (of a 
country-lioiise) sedo-niwa. 

Hacoii, n. * ; rakan ; shio-buta. 

Bacteriological, a. saikvngakujd 

(細菌 學上) >. 
Bacteriology, n. baiklngaku (徽 菌 

學) ; saikingaku. " 

Bactrian camel, nihd-rakuda 

(ニ峯 鶴. 
Bad, a. icarui ; yoku nai ; furyo 
(不良) 滅', (unprincipled) furachi 
na ; (as, for the health) gai ni nam ; 
yufjai 害) na. ' 

- face, akuso (惡禾 目). 

...... faith, aJcui (惡 意) [Com. Co.]. 

language, akkd (惡 口). 

man, akunin (悪人); warn- 


milk, furyb-qyiinyu (不 

牛乳). ' 

priest, ateS ( 惡 潜). . 

to go (of provisions), waruku 

naru ; sue'ru. 

Badgre, n. me-jimshi ; kisho (徽窣 ). 

Badg'er, n. ana-guma ; mami ; 
[tanuki, the usual rendering, is 
properly the racoon-faced dog, 
nycterutes procyonoides]. 

Badg'er, t.v. ijime'ru ; (with ques- 
tions) najiru. 

Bad-liearted, a. hara no icarui ; 
hara-kurol ; mime no yoku nai ; 
akushin (惡 i じ、) na. 

! Badly, ady. icaruku. 

behaved, (in manners) gyb- 

gi (行儀) no loarui ; (in conduct) 
gyojo (行 狀) no warui ; mimochi 
no warui ; fuhinko (不品行) na. 
...... built, tatekata no wand. 

made, fu-deki れひ. 

Badness, n. icarui koto ; ikenai 
koto ; furyo (不 K). 

Bad-tempered, a. tachi no warui ; 
seishitsu (性質) no warui ; (of animals) 
otonastiiku nai. 

Baffle, t.v. (an effort) muda ni s ; 
(a person) shikujirase-ru ; shipped 
(失 fe) sase-ru ; ni/ippai kuwase-ru 
[vulg.] ; (as a pursuer) hadzusu. 
to be d, muda ni naru. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 74 ] 


! Bag*, n. fukuro ; (travelling) Icciban ; 
(sporting term) emono ; (as an anx. 

numeral) hyb (俊) ; as,' 1 of 

rice, home ippyd ; 2 s, nihyd ; 

3 s, samhyd ; 6 s, roppyo ; 

' 10 s, jippyd ; 100 ......s, 


folding" :.:..., or'i-kaban. 

hand , iesage-kahan ; (lady's) 


rice , k.ome-dawam. 

straw , taioara. 

! Bagr^age, n. nimotsu (荷物 j) ; kori 
(行 宇) ; kwamoisu (貨物) ; (personal) 
te-nimotsu ; keitaihin {f^^m)' 

train (of an army), shicho 


Baggy, a, to get at the 

knees, wa]him ga fukure-ru, 

Bail, t.v. (of the judge) ni/hoshaku 
wo yurusu ; wojlioshaku ni fu ([5ft) s ; 
(of the surety) hoshaku shite morau. 

Bail, n. (release on bail) hoshaku 
[Or. Pro.] ; (money) hoshaku-kin (保 
釋金) ; hoshdkin (保證 金) [Cr. Pro.] ; 
(surety) hoshdnin (保證 人), 
to admit to ....... ni/hoshaku wo 

yurusu [Cr. Pro.] ; (on the personal 
guarantee of relatives) seJdfu (責 
付) s [Or. Pro.]. 

Bailiff, n. sUUatsun (執達吏) [Cr. 

! Ban, n. esa r e ; (lure) eba ; otori. 

Bait, t.v. to , a hook, liari ni 

esa ICO tsuke-ru ; hari ni e wo sasu. 

to a horse, uma ni kaiba leo 


! Baize, n. aval keorimono. 

! Bake, t.v. yaku. 

to be d, yake-ru. 

Baker, n. panya ; panyaJd. 

Bakery, n. panya. 

Balance, n. (weighing machine) 
hakari ; iembm (天 种) [with sus- 
pended beam] ; kamhin (iff^) [on 
Dedestal] ; (of an account) sashi-hiki ; 
(remainder) sashihiki-nokori ; nokori- 
daka ; zankin (殘 金) ; zangaJcu 

: (殘 額) ; (to debit) harai-nokori ; hiki- 
oi ; (equipoise) isuri-ai : (ng.) kenko 
(權衛 ). 

carried forward, kurUcosM, 

kill. , 

of power, kinsel (均勢) r 

seiryoku (藝 力) no kenko. 

the (astron.), tembinkyu 

秤 宫). 

Balance, t.v. (counterpoise) tsuri- 

to an account, kessan- 

mm) s. ,f 

to one's self (or one thing; 

on another), tsurl-ai wo ioru. 

Balance, i.v. isuri-au. 

Balance-sheet, n. iaishaku-taishd- 
hyd (貸借 對照 表) [Com. Co.]. 

Balancing', n. (of accounts) keisan- 
(計算) LCiv. Pro.]. 

Balcony, n. nikai no engaxoa. 

Bald, a. (hairless) atama no hageta. 

patch, huge. 

to become , wa]atama g は 


Baldaquin, n. tmgai (天蓋). 

Balderdash, n. tawai mo nai koto. ' 

Baldlieart, n. h 零- atama ; (opprob- 
rious) yakan-atama. 

Baldric, n. kyoju (胸 授). 
J3ale, n. kori ; hyd (俊) ; tsutsumL 

Bale, t.v. to out, kai-dasu. 

Balk, n. (beam) d-geta. 
! Balk, t.v. no/jama wo s. 
Ball, n. mart ; (toy) te-mari ; (bullet) 
tama ; (dance) butokwai (舞 j^g 會). 

of string", tama-iio. 

firing" witli cartrid^e^ 

jitsiidan-shageki (實彈 射 擊). 

tennis , tama. 

. to play at ', marl wo isuku, 

Ballad, n. naga-uta. 
! Ballast, n. soko-ni ; karu-ni ; funa- 

Ballet, n. shihai w> odor'i. 

the Kyoto , miyako-odort 

; Balloon, n. fiisen (風船) ; keikikyu 
(輕氣球); (toy)/27sm-(^ama. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 75 ] 

Ballot, n. tohyb (培 票). 

box, iohyokwan {^MM)- 

closed , h^imei-tonyd (記名 


opening' of the , kaihyd 


to open the "box, kaiko 


unsigned , mukimei-tbhyb 


Ballot, iv. tbhyd s. 

Balloting-paper, n. tbhyb-yosU 

Balm, n. nyulcb (乳香). 

Balsam, n. hdsenkwa. 

Balnc, n. Barido-lcai. 

Balustrade, n. tesurl ; (of a bridge) 
rankan (攔 干). 

Bamboo, n. take ; [common varieties 
are madake used for gutters, medake 
for laths, yadake for arrows, hachiku 
for fences]. 

b. nana, horaichiku (蓬萊 竹). 

b* senanensis, suzu. 

grass, or dwarf , sasa. 

...... s and trees, c/ti/cw&o/cw (竹 木). 

black , Jcuro-dake ; kuro- 


J3ainboo-ware, n. take-miku ; chik- 

Ici (竹 器). 
Bamboozle, t.v. haka ni s. 
Ban, n. kinsel (禁制). 

Banana, n. (tree) lasho (ffi 蕉) ; 
(fruit) * ; haslio no mi. 

Band, n. (fillet) himo ; (company) 
nakama ; kumi ; (belting) shirahe- 
fjcma ; (for tightening waist-coat, etc.) 
sMme-age ; (stripe) suji ; (of music) 

a (as of colour), ittai (一 帶). 

belly (of a horse), hara-oM ; 


military , giingakutai (軍 

樂隊 ). 

waist , obi. 

JSand, i.Y. to together, to wo 

musuhu ; toto (徒 黨) ICO ; 
danketsu (圑 結) s. 

Bandage, n. hotai (織 帶); mak レ 
momen ; (worn by pregnant women) 

Bandbox, n. kami-bako. 

Bandit, n. samoku (山賊). 

Band-master, n. rjunr/aJcuchd 

Bandolier, n. sage-gawa. 

Bandsman, n. gungakushu (軍樂 手). 

Bandy, t.v. to words (of abuse),. 

url-Jcotoha ni kai-kotoba wo s. 

Bancly-leg'ged, a. ashi no magaiia ;. 
wmii-ashi no. 

Bane, n. doku (毒) ; gai (害). 
Bang", n. (of a gun) don. 

with a , don to ; patan to. 

Bang', i.v. (as a door) aoru ; bata- 
hatoj s. 

Banish, t.v. nagasu ; tsuihd (追放) s. 

to to an island, shima-naga- 

shi ni s. 

Banishment, n. (punishment) riizai 
(、滞 p); 7 ず "i/cd (流刑); (to an island) 
ento (^^) ; shima-nagashi. 

Banisters, n. tesuri. 

Banjo, n. (Japanese) samisen. 

Sauk, n. (of earth) dote ; tsuisumi ;. 
(dyke) teibo (堤防); (of a river) JcisJii ; 
Jcawahata ; Icawdbe ; (for money) 

of England, Eiran-ginka- 

(英蘭 銀行). 

of Japan, ^ippon-c/inkd. 

"both, s (of a river), rydgan 

(兩 岸). . 
industrial , kwangyd-gmicd- 

(勸業 銀行). 

opposite (of a river), taigan 

(對 岸). 一' 
savings , chochiku-ginko (貯 

蓄 銀行.). 

Bank, t.v. (enclose with a bank) ni/ 
dote ICO kidzuku. 
to ...... up the fire, sekitan (石炭) 

wo tsumi-age-ru ; hi wo ike-ru. 
Bank-bill, n. (fmkd-tegata ; kawase- 

Banker, n. ginkdka (銀行家) ; ginkd- 
sha (銀行 者): 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 76 ] 


Banking, n. ginkd-eigyd (銀行 營 業). 
JBank-manag'er, n. ginko shihai- 

nin (銀行 支 @il 入) ; <jink5 二 tddori. 
! Banlmote, n. ginkdken (銀行券) ; 
(jiiikd - shihei (銀行 紙幣) ; satsu (木し) 
[general term for paper-money]. 

sham s, r/wanro-shihei (玩弄 

紙幣) 了 ' 

Bankrupt, a estate, hasan- 

zaidan (破 產財圃 ). 

to become , hasan s ; shin- 

dai-kagiri ni nam ; hunsan (分 產) 
s ; tsuhure-ru ; Msuraku 落) s. 
Bankrupt, n. hasansha (被產 者) ; 

bunsannin (分產 人). 
Bankruptcy, n. hasan [Com. Co., 
Civ. Co.]. 

adjudication of , hasan-sen- 

koku (被產 宣告). 
JBanksia rose, mokkd-hara (木 香 

Banner, n. hata ; hata-jirushi ; 
(sacred or festival flag) nohori. 
Imperial , klnki (錦旗). 

Banns, n. kekkon (i^ 婚) no yokoJcu 
(像 告). 

Banquet, n. enkwal (宴 會); go 

chiso (御馳走) ; kyoo mm)' 
Banquette, n. tdda (蹈 探). 
JB an tarn, n. chaho. 

Banter, t.v. chakasu ; hiyakasu ; 

Banter, n. Myakashi. 

Banyan, n. yusu. 

Baptism, n. senrel (is^jjjg) ; ^ctpu- 

of infants, yonen-se isenshiki 

Baptist, n. Skinrei-kydio (浸醴 教徒). 

s, (church) Shtdzume-kyokicai ; 

Shinrei-kyokicai (浸 體 孝女 會 )'; (sect) 
Shinreiha (浸禮 派). 

Baptize, t.v. nijsenrei wo okonau. 
to be d, senrei ico uke'ru. 

JSar, n. (bolt of a gate) kwannuki ; 
(of a sliding door) shimbari-hd ; 
(cross-piece) yoJcogi ; (implement of 
wood) bo (棒); (of metal) kanabo ; 
.(bar-room) * ; sobkaba ; (dock, old 

style) shirasu ; (new style) hikokii 
(被告) れ seki (席) ; (of a river) kawa- 
guchi m su ; (mus.) shosetsu (づ 、節). 

s (of a cage), koshi (格子). 

silver, ginkicai (^塊). 、 

the (lawyers), hengoshi (辯 H 

士). ' 

the of public opinion, 

yoron (與 f 侖) no selsai (制裁). 

to "be a to, ico / samatage-ru. 

to be called to the ......, hengo- 

6'hi no menkyo (免許) wo uke-ru. 

Bar, t.v. (a door) nijkwannuki wo sasu, 
or orosu ; nilsMmhari wo kau ; (law) 

to the way, tosemho wo s ; 

tsukd (通"? 亍) ICO samatage-ru ; mi- 
chi wofusagu. 

Barb, n. (of a fish-hook, etc.) ago ; 
kaeri ; kakari ; (of an arrow )kaeri. 

Barbarian, n. yahan (野 蠻) ; Jmij'm 
(蠻 人). 

Barbarity, n. zankoku (殘 @告). 

Barbarous, a. yahan na ; (uncivi- 
lised) mikai (未開) no ; (cruel) mn- 
koku na ; zannin (殘 JS) na. 
custom, roshu (陋習). 

Barbarously, adv. muzan (無 愁) ni. 

Barbel, n. (of a fish) hige ; (the fish) 

Barber, n. rlhaisushi (理髮 gip) ; to- 

,s shop, tokdba ; rlhatsiifen 

Barberry, n. hai-nohoradzu. 
Barbette, n. horn (砲 坐). 
Bard, n. shij'm (詩人). 
Bare, t.v. hadaka ni s. 

to the "body, hada ico nwju. 

Bare, a. hadaka na ; (unornamented) 
kazari no.nai. 

mountain, hage-yama. 

Bareback, adv. to ride , hada- 

Jca-uma ni noru. 
Barefaced., a. atsukamashu ; tetsu- 
mempi (鐵 面皮) na. 

lie, makka na uso. 

Barefacedly, adv. afsnkamashiku. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 77 ] 


Barefoot, ady. suashi ni ; (out of 
doors) hadashi ni. 

Bareheaded, adv. kahuri-mono na- 
shi ni. 

! Barely, adv. yatto ; yatto no Jwto de ; 
karaku ; wadzuka ni ; karojite. 

to escape death, shM- 


Bargain, n. (contract of sale) haibai- 
keiyaku (寶買 契約); Uiyaku (買 約, 
or 寶糸 勺) ; torl-Mkl ; (cheap purchase) 

money, tetsuke-Jcin ; tetsuke 

[Civ. Co.] ; sashikin. 

into the ., omake ni [placed 

at the beginning of a clause]. 

to strike a , te too utsu ; te- 

awase wo s. 

Bargain, i.v. kakehlki wo s ; nerjmni 
wo s. 

I did not for that, sore tea 

muri na chumon (注文) da. 

Bargaining', n. kakehiki ; negumi. 

Barge, n. (small) hashike ; hashike- 
Oiine ; (large, of European shape) 
(laruma-sen ; (worked by oars) tem- 
ma-sen ; (house-boat) yane-hiine. 

Baritone, n. chuseion ( 中 聲 音). 

Barium, n. * ; judo (重 ±). ' 

BarK, n. (of a tree) kawa ; (medi- 
cinal) ookuhi (木皮); (dog's) hoer'u 

Bark, t v. no j kawa wo hagasu, or 
miiku ; (as one's sMn) nofkawa ico 

Bark, i.y. hoe-ru ; wan-wan to naku. 
to …に at, nijhoe-kakaru ; ni/hoe- 

Barley, n. d-mugl. 

Barm, n. kdji. 

joarn, n. naya ; mono-oki. 

Barnabas, n. Bar き aba. 

Barnacle, n. ebosM-gai ; fujitsuho. 

Barnacle-goose, n. (Hutchins') 

Barnartlia japonica, sandai- 

Barometer, n. seiukel 

aneroid , mueki-seiukei 


Baron, danshaku (男爵); dan. 
Baroness, n. danshaku-fujin (男爵 

A, A-dan-fujin. 

Barque, n. samhon-hashira no ho — 
mae-sen [lit. 3-masted sMp】. 

Barracks, n. heiei (兵 營); ton-ei 
(屯 營); AeisM (兵 舍); eisho (營 所). 
square, einai-naitel (ip 內々 

connnement to eisd-kinko- 

(營畲 禁錮); kiiisoku (^^). 

to break , datsuel (脫營 ) s. 

Barrel, n. (cask) taru ; [1 , 

Into taru] ; (of a gun) tsutsu : nishin 
(銃 萄). 

rifled …一 , senjdkd (綫條 腔). 

to brown a , jushm wo ran- 

shoku (藍色) s. 

Barrelled, a. doulble gun, 

nirenjil (二連銃); soshinju (双 身 
銃). ' 

single grun, tampatsuju 

發 銃); tamhinju (M 臭 銃), 
Barren, a. (producing no fruit) mi 

no naranai ; (of land) yaseta ; fumo - 
(不毛) no ; (unprofitable) mueki Cto 
益) na. 

land, yase-chi ; are-chi, 

woman, umadzu-me. 

Barren wort, n ikarisd. 

Barricade, n. saku (栅 ). 

Barricade, t.v. (a street) ni/saku 
wo kidzuku, or tate-ru ; (a door) ni/- 
shimari wo tsuke-ru ; (a house) m/ifo- 
jimari wo s. 

Barrier, n. (wicket) kido ; (parti- 
tion) shmiri ; (at a guard-house) 
kicammon (關 門); (as formerly at 二 
Hakone) seMsho (關 所); (fig.) kyo- 
Iteki (胸壁) ; shdheki (|i 章 壁). 

Barrister, n. hengoshi (辯 護 士); 
daigermin. (代言人) ; (at the English. 
bar)j5s/ii (状 師). 

Bar-room, n. * ; sakaba. 

Barrow, n. (vehicle) te - guruma ;. 
(moimd) tsuka. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


JSarter, n. fc5fcica れ (交換); kdeki 
ま ) ; torikae ; sudorikae. 

JSarter, t.v. kdkwan s ; koeki s ; tori- 
kae ru ; sudorikae ni s. 

JSartlioiomew, n. Barutoromai. 

Barytes, n. ryusan-judo (硫酸 土). 

! Basalt, n. Imshira-ishi. 

JSase, (that on which a thing rests) 
ashi ; (lowest part) ne ; (of a pillar) 
ishi-dzue ; hashira-dai ; chiikyaku 
脚) ; (of a mountain) fumoto ; (fig.) 
moto ; genso (元 礎); (of a triangle) 
Tcisen (き 辦) ; (in the game of base- 
ball) * ; (in the game of " prisoner's 
Tbase ,,) ne ; (chem.) enki (MM)- 

ang^les at the , kisenjo (基線 

±.) no kaku (^). 

angles below the , kisenka 

no kaku. 

...... hospital, yobi-byoin {W^M 


of operations, (mil.) konkyo- 

chi (根據 地〉 ; sakugen (策 源) ; (ge- 
neral) ashi-damari. 
prisoner's , onigokko. 

JSavSe, a. iyashii ; hiretsu (卑劣) na ; 
gehin (下品) w ひ; yahi (ifJ^) na. 

JBase, t.v. sm'ru. 

to (a judgment, etc.) upon, 

wo {hanketsu, etc.) no riyu (理由) 
to s, or dodal (土 臺) ni s. 

to be d upon, nilmotodzuku ; 

ni/yoru ; ni! junky o (準 J^) s. 

Baseball, n. * ; yakyu ; yakyugi 

(野 球戯). • 
JBaseless, a. atokata mo nai ; mukon 

(無根) 亂 
Base-line, n. kisen (基線). 

to lay down a , kisen wo 

toru. つ 

Basely, adv. iyashiku ; gehin ni ; hi- 

'kyo (卑怯) m. 
Basement, n. room in. the , 

ikkai-shUa ; shita-zashiki ; chika- 

shitsu (地下室). 
JBasliful, a. uchiki na. 

to feel , wa\ma, or kimari, 

ga .warui ; wa]hadzukashii ; haazu- 


BAS ― 

Bashfully, adv. hadzvJcashigatte ; 
hajikande ; ma no waru-sd ni. 

Basliliilness, n. uchiki. 

Basic, a. (chem.) ヌ- (次). 

Basil, n. sweet , eararagi. 

Basin, n. (small) domburi ; (large) 
hachi ; (for washing the hands) chd- 
dzu-hachi ; tarai ; (for washing sake- 
cups) haisen {^^) ; sumashi. 
metal , kana-darai. 

Basis, n. (foundation) dodai (土 臺) ; 
(fig.) Iciso (基礎) ; moto ; dodai ; 
motoi ; yoridokoro ; konkyo (根據 ) ^ 
(standard) hydjun (檩 準) ; (of na- 
tional policj )' kokuze (齒是 ). 

Bask, i.v. to "before the fire, 

hi ni atatte ne-ru. 

to in the sun, hinata- 

hokko s. 

Basket, n. (with a handle) kago ; 
(without a handle) mru ; (tortoise- 
shell shaped) kame-no-ko-zaru ; (fish- 
ing) hiku ; (used as an eeltrap) uke ; 
[jakago are bolster-shaped .s fill- 
ed with stones and used for embank- 
ing rivers]. 

fire tea, kago-cha. 

fish , (trap) do ; (for keeping 

fish alive in) ikesu ; efu. 

steaming' , seird (蒸籠). 

wickerwork (for baggage), 


Basketful, n. a , hito kago. 

Basket-work, n. kago-miku. 

Bas-relief, n. asa-ukihoH. 

Bass, n. (fish) the nearest allied fish 

in Japan is the suzuki. 
; Bass, n. (mus.) teion ; teiomhu{'^'§%). 
Bastard, n. tetenashigo ; shiseiji (私 
生 兒); (child of a conciibine) mekake- 
hara no ko ; wakibara no Ico ; (re- 
cognized by father but not legiti- 
mized) shoshi (庶子). 
Baste, t.Y. (sewing) kuke-ru ; ni/shi- 
tsuke wo kake-ru ; kari-nui s ; (cook- 
ery) dbura wo tarashite yaku. 
Bastinado, n. ashi-tataki no kei 

Basting-tliread, n. shitsuke-Uo. 

[ 78 ] 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 79 ] 


Bastion, n. rydho (梭堡 ). 

]Bat, n. (animal) komori [a. n. hiki, 

匹]; (used in baseball, cricket, etc.)* ; 


JSatcli, n. one , hito Jcumi ; (of 

cooked food) hito kama. 

thfe first , ichibamme no hun 


Bath, n. (hot) furo ; v. Bath-tub 
and Bathing. 

liot s (natural), onsen (溫 泉) ; 

tojiba (湯治場). 

sea-water s, (hot or cold) 

kaisuiyoku ; (hot) kaisui - onyoku 
< 海水溫 浴). ' 
steam , mushi-furo ; mushi- 

give a cold to, nijmidzu 

wo ahise-TU. 

to go to the (public), mi ni 

iku ; sento (錢' ?易) ni ik'u. 

to go to the mineral s, 

idji (、? 為、 冶) ni iku. 

to prepare the , furo wo 

tate-ru ; yu no shitaku wo s. 
to take a (not in the bath- 
room), gydzui (行水) wo tsukau. 

to take a cold , I'mdzu ni 

hairu ; (douche) midzu ico abi-rii. 

to take a Jiot , yu, or furo, 

ni hairu ; nyido (Ai 易) s ; nyuyoku- 
(入浴) s. ' 
Jciatlie, t.v. nilyu, or midzu, ico ahU 
se-ru ; (a wound) arau. 

! Batlie, i.v. (in cold water) midzu ico 
tsukau ; midzu ni hairu ; (douche) 
mmzu wo abi'ru ; (in warm water) 
yu ni hairu ; yu wo tsukau ; (in a 
shallow bath) koshi-yu ico tsukau. 

to in the sea, iimi ni hairu. 

JSatliliouse, yuya ; furoya ; sento 

(錢 湯). ' ' 
-Bathing-, n. (swimming) yuei き 
泳) ; suiei (水泳). 

cold-water , reisuiyoku (冷 

ホ 浴). 

sea- water , kaisui-^oku (海 


Batmng -drawers, n. sarumata ; 

]B atliingr-dress, n. kaisid~hieri- 
ycisu; oyorji no kimono. 

B athiii g^- gown, n. yukata ; yu- 

Batliing-place, n. yueijo (游泳 塲) ; 
suieiha (水泳 場). 

Barliroom, n. yudono [not of a 
public bath] ; furoba. 

Batll-tub, n. furo ; furo-oke ; sue- 
furo ; (metal-bottomed) goemomhuro ; 
(in public bath-house) yiibime. 

Baton, n of command (of 

general of Old Japan), saihai (采 

Id-marshal's , qeiisidjb 

(元帥 杖). ' 

Battalion, n. daitai (大 勢 

one , ichi, or ikko (一 ©), 


Batten, n. (of a door) san ; (of a 
loom) om, 

JSatter, t.v. sanmn ni utsu. 
to down, huchi-taosu. 

Battering-ram, n. the Japanese 
substitute was a heavy mallet termed 

Battery, n. (assault) oda (歐 打) ; 
(fort) hodai (砲 臺); daiba (鏖 ま; 
(electrical) dencJd (電 他) ; (of artil- 
lery) ho/iei-cMiai (砲兵 中隊). 

a of field artillery, ycisen- 

hohei-chidai (野戰 砲兵 中隊). 

field , yahodai (野; 5|^). 

masked , impei-hddal (隱蔽 

砲 蠆). 

storage chikudenchi (蓄 t 


voltaic …… , ryildenchi (流電 他). 

Battle, n. tatakai ; senso (戰爭 ) ; 
kassen (合 戰). 

SLTTay, jindate. 

formation, sentd-taikel 


…… hymn, gunka (軍歌). 

in extended order, sankai- 

sen (撒 開 戰). 

decisive , kessen (决戰 )• 

line of , senretsuseii 

the thick of the , shura 

(修羅) no chimaia (衝 ). 


Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 80 ] 


to "be killed in , uchi-jini s ; 

senshi (戰 死) s. 

to form a line of , sentdsen 

(戰鬪 線) y^o hiku. 

to join , kosen (交戦) s. 

! Battle-axe, n. masakari, 

! Battle- cry, n. told no koe. 

to raise the , toki no koe ico 


Battledoor, n. hago-Ua. 

and shuttlecock (the game), 

oyohane ; hamtsuki; oihago ; (the 
articles) hane-hagoita. 
to play at and shuttle- 
cock, ham ICO tsuku. 

! Battlefield, n. senjo ; kassemha (合 
戰镇 ). 

ancient , ko-senjo (古 戰镇 ). 

JSattlement, n. hazama ; hime-gaki. 

Battle- sliip, n. sentdkan (戰鬪 艘). 

Bawd, n. zegen (女 街). 

Bawdiness, n. d-guchi. 

! Bawdy, a. b-guchi na. 

book, waraibon. 

picture, shungwa 

to talk , d-guchi wo kiku. 

Bawl, i.v. oki na koe, or d-f/oe, wo 
dasu ; donaru. 

Bay, a. heni-tobviro no. 

horse, 'beni-kurige ; kage. 

! Bay, n. (of the sea) iri-umi ; ura ; 
iri-e ; in compounds, -wan (*) ; as, 

Tokyo , Tokyo-wan. 

s and harbours, kowan (港 


Bayonet, n. ken {^) ; (triangular) 
jftso (銃 檜). 

charge, juso-kogeki (-統 槍 

攻き . 

exercise, jiiken-renso (^gg 

mm); jukenjutsu 

fix s ! tsuke ken. 

sword , juken. 

to charge s, ken xto kamae- 


to fix s, Iceh ICO isuke'ru. 

to unfix s, ken wo hadzusu. 

unfix s ! tore ken, 

JBay- window, n. de- 麵 do. 

! Bazaar, n. (industrial) kicankoba (j^ 

charity , jizenkwai (慈善 會). 

B.C., Idcjen-zen (紀元前). 

Be, i.v. (1.) Followed by a prepo- 
sition : (of animate beings) i-ru ; oru ; 
(of inanimate objects) am ; as, it is 
on the cabinet, tansu no ue ni aru ; 
ni aru may be replaced by de aru ex- 
cept when aru is used attributively ; 
as, the "book which, is on the 
cabinet, tansu no ue ni aru hon. 

Politer forms of aru are arimasu, 
f/ozaimasii ; of i'ru, imasu ; of oru^ 
orimasu ; honorific equivalents of 
i-ru and oi'u are o ide mxsaru, o ide 
nasaimasu, irassharu, irasshaimas な, 
orare-rn, oraremasu. De aru com- 
monly contracts to da ; de gozaimasu 
to desu. Of aru the negative forms 
are nai, arimascnu ; of i-ru, hiai,. 
imasenu ; of oru, oranu, orlmasenu. 

(2.) Followed by a predicate : 
de aru ; as, he is a doctor, are wa 
isha da ; it is certain, tashika da. 

The Japanese inflected adjective in 
its simple form contains in itself the 
idea of the present tense of the verb 

to ; as, is bad, warui ; some - 

times no da, n'da, or da is added * 
otherwise the adverbial form of the 
adjective, which is liable to certain 
contractions exemplified below, is- 
used in cod junction or combination 
■with aru, or an equivalent ; as, is 
bad (polite expression), warii gozaU 
masu ; was bad, xcaruk-atta ; is 
not bad, icaruku nai ; icaruku ari- 
masen ; war fi (jozaimasen : uarvku 
wa gozaimasen. 

(3.) As an auxiliary verb : 
following the gerund of a transitive 
verb i-ru and ont have the force of 
an English, continuative present ; as, 
Jdtte OTU, is cutting" ; aru a semi- 
passive force ; as, Jdtte aru, is cut, 
一 to be distinguished from the true 
passive has been cut, kirareia ; 
following the gerund of an intransi- 
tive verb i'ru and or" have the force 
of a contmiiative present ; as, matte 
oru, is waiting" ; or of a perfect ; as, 
kite oru, is come. In the case of 
Japanese verbs of which the present 

Hosted by 



[ 81 ] 


tense is inceptive, to is rendered 

either by the past tense of the verb 
itself, or by the gerund mth oru ; as, 
tsukare-ru, is getting tired ; 
tsukareta or tsukarete oru, is tired. 
For the formation of the passive of 
Japanese verbs vide Chamberlain's 
Handbook 6 303. In conjunction 

with Chinese-Japanese words to 

is rendered {a) by sum ; as, ryukd 
sum, is fashionable ; (&) by sh'ita ; 
shite oru ; as, hason shita, is injur- 
ed ; (c) by sare'ru ; as kando sare-ru, 

to disinherited ; {d) by n'l 

natta ; ni naite oru ; shue am ; as, 
halshl ni natta, is abolislied ; or 
[e] by a periphrasis ; as, to ex- 
amined, shiken wo uke-ru. 

...... that as iTJ may, sore wa so to. 

if that so, .90 naraJja. - 

is not ? de via nai ka ; ja nal ka ; 
as, isn't lie crying* ? naite iruja 
nrd ka. 

is to, hadzu da ; tiie funeral is 
to take place at 12, soifi (葬儀) 
n a jilwjb ni shilcko (執行) sum hadzu 

there is, there are, am. 

to in, (at home)- ucJd nl oru ; 

(polite) orare-ru ; o uchi desu. 

to out, (from home) dete oru ; 

{ot a tire) Jdete oru. 

to up (out of bed), oklie oru. 

to 】et , ufchaite oku ; sono 

mama ni shite oku. 

I3eacli, n. hamahe ; hain% ; umWe ; 

Beachcomber, n. (jorofsuJd, 
Beacon, n. (signal-fire) kar/ari-bl ; 

(for mariners) rippyd (立 襟) ; se- 

jlrushi ; (post) 7niyo(juL 

Bead, n. fama. 

s of perspiration, fama no 


portiere, tama-sudare. 

glass s, nankin-dama 

to count s (of a chaplet), 

juzu wo kuru, or tsuina-guru. 

Beak, n. kuchi-bashl. 

Beam, n. (wooden) hari ; keia ; (of a 
balance) halcari-zao ; sao ; (of the 
siid) hikari ; hizashi ; kicosen (ヅ£ 線) ; 
(of a ship) haba ; 卞 slM (正 橫) • 

abaft the , t shbo-go ( 正 镇 


Bean, n. mime. 

broaa s, sora-m ime. 

French. s, inrjen-nvime. 

haricot s, daidzu (人 S): 

Indian , adzusa. 

[Other kinds are samr/e and 

Beancurd, n. tdfu. 

Bear, n. kuma ; (com.) urlija. 

,s collar (marking on tliroat), 

tsukl no wa. 

"brown , higuma ; (iirsus 

arcto.s, var. coralis) akmjunvi [found 
in Yezo]. 

polar , shiro-kuma. 

the Great , hokido-sel ; hoku- 

to-shichisel (北ュ 、卜 七星) ; hagimsei 
(破 軍 星). 

Bear, t.v. motsu ; (endure) korae-ru ; 
shlnogu ; (with patience) shimho (辛 
抱) s ; gaman (我慢) s ; (in the mind) 
f ulaimu ; (on the back) sJiou ; dbuu ; 
(give birth, to) imia ; (fruit) musiibu ; 
iisii. expr. by ml r/a nam [lit. fruit 
is borne] ; (as a strain) ni/fae-ru ; 
(as, insult) shlnohu ; (take upon one's 
self) hikl-uke-ru. 

lie ran away because lie could 

not being scolded by his 

master any longer, shiijln ni 
kogoto wo iwarete tamaranal kara, 
stiimai ni kake-dasnite shimaUa. 
he was bom in Tokio, Tokyo 
umare da. 

I cannot it any longer, 

mo do shite mo koraerarenai. 

I cannot to see such. 

cruelty, sonna mugoi koto v:o 
miru ni sh'mohimii. 

I can't this hot weather, 

kono atsusa ja tamaranal. 

to a grudge agrainst, nij 

uraml wo fv.kumu, or idaku. 

to charges, hvyo wo motsu. 

to in mind, kokoro-fjakete 


to interest, vxi\rishi (利子) 

<ja tsuku ; bonds ...... ing" in- 
terest at 5 p.c, f/obu-istiki no 
f^'osal (公債). ' 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 82 ] 


to off, inoite iku ; (a prize) 


to the costs of a suit, 

soshd-Myd (訴訟 贊/ n) icofutan (M 

to witness, shdJw-date ru ; 

shonin (證 入) れ i tatsu. 
to be born, iimare-ru. 
to be born again (by transmi- 
gration ) , are-kawaru . 
to bring" to (gims), muke-ru. 

Bear, i.v. (by the compass) nllataru. 

to up, sldkkari shite oru ; ki 

wo tashika ni motsu. 

to upon, (have application 

to) nijkwankei (關 係) s ; nilkanau ; 
nilkican s : (lean upon) mjyori- 

to with, (tolerantly), kam- 

hen (勘 辨) s ; kcmnin (勘 12,) s. 

Bearable, a. sMnogi-yol ; sh' nog are- 

Beard, n. Uge ; ago-hk/e ; (of wheat) 

noge ; hashika. 
Bearer, n. (of a letter, etc.) tsnkai ; 
tsukai no mono ; jisannln (持參 入). 

company (mil.), elseitai (衞 

生 隊). 

chair , kago-kaki. 

cheque to , mukimei-shikl (to 

IE 名 式) no kogitte [Com. Co.]. 

coffin , hifsngi-kaki. 

standard , kishu (旗手). 

stretcher , tankasotsu (擔架 


Bearing', n. (manner) kyodo (攀き 力) ; 
shiuchi ; solmrl ; (appearance) yosu ; 
(relation) kwankei (關 係) ; (of a place) 
hogaku (方角) ; idii (位置) ; hoi. 

magnetic s, jishin-hoi (磁針 


to take s, hogaku wo mi-ru. 

! Bearskin, n. kwna no kaica. 
Beast, n. kedammo ; chikusho (畜生) 
[Tised also as a term of abuse]. 

birds and , kinju (禽獣). 

man and , jinchiku (入 咨). 

Beat, n. (of a sentry, etc.) mocJdha ; 
(of a iDolicemaii) junra (巡邏) no 
michi-suji ; (of the pulse) myakuhaku 
(脈 t き) ; ucJi'i ; (hunt on a large scale) 

on one's , junkicaichii (巡 El 


Beat, t.v. (1. persons) utsu ; huisu ; 
nacjuru ; bda (殿 打) s ; doyasu [vulg.] ; 
(with repeated blows) isudzuke-uchi 
ni s ; randa (凑し 打) s ; (thrash) cho- 
chaku (打 驟) s ; (2. things) utsu ; 
(with, repeated blows) tatalcu ; (as a 
carpet) hataku ; (in a contest) ni/ 
katsu ; ico/makasu. . 

to down (price), negiru ; 

fumi-taosu ; tsuke-konasu. 

to in a door, io wo uchl- 


to off, ol-harau. 

to out thin, usuku tatakl- 

ndbasu ; uchi-nobasu. 

to the alarm, Ji-eiho (警報) 

. ICO utsu. 

to the assembly, shm/d-fii 

(集合 譜) ぜ utsu. 

to the charge, shuvjeki-fii 

(進 擊譜) 仏 '0 utsu. 

to the reveille, kls!w-fu (|ti 

床譜) 鶴 utsu. 

to time, liybshi 子) ? co 


to to death, uchl-korosu ; 


to up, (ingredients) kaJcl- 

maze-rm ; (game) karUtate-ru. 
to be en "by, nijmake-riL 

Beat, i v. (win) katsu ; (of the heart) 
ddki (動 f^). <ja s ; odoru ; (with 
alarm) cloki<loJcl s ; (of the pulse) 

to about the bush, miicarl- 

kudol hanashi ico s. 

to in (of a ship), imgh'i- 


to to windward, kam-kcimi 

ni magiru. 

Beater, n. (of game) karl-tiiemn ; 
seko (勢子) [obs.]." 

Beating', n. (thrashing) rhochaku ; 
(victory) uchikachi ; (of the pulse) 
myakuhaku (脈 博). 

to give a to, nlpjo ica 


Beatitude, n. (N.T.)/ "ん wf/w (福 言). 

Beau, n. sharemono ; mekashiya. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 83 J 


Beaiitifiil, a. utsukiishii ; kirei (奇 
M) ^ ; bird (美麗) na ; rippa na ; 
migoto na ; uruicashii ; kiryd no yo'i 
[of persons onlvl. 

33eautiiiilly, adv. rlppa nl ; Jdrei 
ni ; migoto nl ; iitsukus/iiku. 

! Beautiiy, t.v. kazaru ; 7nppa ni s. 

to one's self, mekasu ; yc い 

tsusu [W. Japan]. 

Beauty, n. xdsukushlsa ; hi (美); 
(good looks) U iciryo ; (grandeur) 
rippa na koto ; (a belie) hijin ; heppin 
(別品) ; Wwn (美 婦人) ; hikei (美形). 

a (when seen from behind), 

hahnen (背面) no hijin. 

I3eaver, n. kalrl (海 M). 

Because, conj. kara ; yue ; yue nl [all 

Because of, prep, no tame nl 

Beclie-de-mer, n. (fresh) 鶴 mako ; 
(dried) irlko ; (better quality of same) 
Icinko {')t%). 

Beckon, t.v. maneku ; te-maneki s. 

Beckon, i.y. te-maneki wo s. 

Become, i.v. rdlnaru ; to j nam ; kuru 
[with gerund] ; (following an adjectiYe 
form in ku) naru ; natte kuru ; also 
expr. by the pi'es. tense of incep- 
tive verbs ; as, tsukare'ru, to 


to a man, otona ni naru. 

to easy to understand, 

icakari-yoku nam. 
to gradually colder, dan- 

dan samuku natte kuru. 

to useless, yaku ni t:itanaku 


what has of, i€a/dd shita ; 

ica/do natia ; wajdd shita ndard. 

JBecoiue, t.v. nijniau. 

! Becoming', a. (of dress, etc.) niau ; 
utsuri no yol ; (proper) fusaicashii ; 
soto (相 當) na ; sod (相 ま) n:i. 

JBecomingly, adv. yoku niau yd. nl ; 
(as occasion requires) soto ni. 

Bed, n. toko ; nedoko ; (of a river) 


furniture, ne-db(ju. 

camp …… ,卞 yashJ5 (ip 床). 

coal , tanso (炭 鲁). 

dry (of a river), kaicara. 

flower , kicadan 直). 

oyster , kak i-hanshokvjd (牡 


talicmg" in ., ne-monogatari. 

to be m , nete oru ; fusette 


to go to , ne-ru ; yasumu ; 


to make the (Japanese), 

toko ICO 7iobe-ru ; toko ico shlku ; 
toko wo torn [of these the first is 
most, the last least, elegant]. 

to take to one's , doito toko 

ni tsulm. 

to take up the (Japanese), 

toko ICO tatamu, or age-ru. 

BedaUD, t v. nl/nuri-chirakasu ; as, 
to a gate with, paint, mon 

nl penJci ico miri-chlrakasu. 

ed with, -darake [post- 

sitive] ; as, it is ed with. 

k, inki-darake da. 

Bedcliamber, n. nema ; ne-beya ; 
shinsh'dsu (寢 室). 

Beclclotlies, n. yarju (夜 為); (quilts) 

futon ; (sleeved-coverlet, thick) yoai ; 
(thin) kaimakl. 

Bedding", n. yagu ; (ceremony) toko- 
iri ; (for horses) hiki-icara ; ne-icara. 

13eclinate, n. (in immoral sense) ai- 

Bedroom, n. v. Bedcliamber. 
I3eclsicle, n. makura-moto ; makura- 

! Bed sore, n. toko-mre. 
Bedstead, n. nedaL 
Bedtime, n. neru jlkan. 
Bee, n hacU. 

lioney , musu-hachi. 

queen , me-hachl ; nyoo-hachi, 

Beech, n. huna. 

Beef, n. gyimiku (牛肉) ; ushi m 
niJcu ; gyu. ., 

Beefsteak, n. UfutekL 


Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 84 ] 


Bee-liive, n. hachl no su. 

Beer, n. hnru ; bakushu. 

brewery, hakushu-jozojo (麥 

滔鑲造 所). ― 
draught , taru-biiru. 

Beeswax, n. ?れ i/swr5 ( 蜜蠘 )• 

Beet, n. (bot.) tdjisa ; enosen-na, 

Beetle, n. various kinds are kogane- 
mushi ; saikachi-mushi ; kabuto- 
mushi ; mushi and kaiehu (介 蟲) are 
generic terms for s. 

Beetle-browed, a person , 

odeko ; dekosuke. 

I5eet — root, n. aka-kahu ; hlitsit. 

Befall, t.v. ni/au ; nl/kakaru ; ni/soqu 
(遭遇) s [E. obj. + J. STibj.]. 
a misfortune has en me, 

,. sainan (災' MO nl atta. 

Befit, i.v. 7ii/sdd (相 應) s. 

.Befitting", a. sm n%. 

Befogged— a. to be …… (fig), 
(jori-muchu (5".M 霧中) nl saimyoiu 

Befool, t.v. baka ni s ; (jurd (愚、 弄) s. 

! Before, prep, and conj. (of place) 710 
m%e nl ; (of time) mae ni ; no said ni ; 
no mae ni ; zen ni, or izen (以 H'J), with 
words of Chinese origin ; (in advance 
of) ni sakidatte ; (with^a vb.) mie ni 
with present tense, often in the 
niBgatiye ; uchi ni with neg. present ; 
zen ni. 

long", chikai uchi ni ; io- 

. karadzu. 

one's face, imnzcri (面前) ? i/' ; 

me no .mae de. 

this (in historical narration), 

kore yor'L saki. 

lie fell with a groan he 

bad time to draw his sword^ 

katana wo nuku ma mo naku un to 

just , chodo foil, by future of 

Vb. with to suru tokoro e ; as, just 

I went out, chddo deicakeyd 

to suru tohoro e. 
! Before, adv. (of place) riiae ni ; (of 
time) mae ni ; saki ni ; sen (^) ni ; 

izen (以前) ni ; kanete ; (till now) ima 

I have heard of this , kore 

ua mae ni mo kiita koto ga aru. 
I never understood it , 

hajimete wakatte kita. 

the same as , moto no tori ; 

izen no ion. 

Beforeliaiicl, adv. maemoUe ; araka- 
j'lme ; mae kara ; saki kara ; kanete. 

to "be with, nolsen (先) wo 


to make up one's mind , 

saki kara mi konde oku. 

Befriend, t.v. seim s ; tasuke ru ; 

to be ed by, no/seica ni naru ; 

nolyakkai (厄介) ni naru. 

Beg*, t.Y. (ask) negau ; tanomu [u:o 
following object if a noun, yd nl 
followicg dependent vb.] ; kou 
[with a noun only]. 

I your pardon, f/ome" (御免) 

nasai, or kudasai ; mappira gomen ; 

to earnestly, konr/ican (懇 


to pardcn, ayamaru ; 


Beg", i.v. (solicit charity) mono moral 
s ; kojiki ICO s ; (of a dog) chimhin 
wo s. 

I chinchin. 

"Beg'et, t.v. (a child) koshirae ru ; 
(cause) shoji-ru. 
only begotten son, hitori-go. 

Beg*g*ar, n. kojlH ; mono-morai ; 

(belonging to former caste of s) 

hinin (非 入); (in slang) yatsu ; yaro- 


Beggar, t.v s description , 

wa]meijd (名 狀) ga deldnai. 

Beggarly, a. kechi na. 
Beggary, n. sekihin (赤貧). 

tlie end will iDe …… , hate wor 


Begin, t.y. hajime-ru ; (be the first 
to commence) shi-kake-ru ; (set oti 
foot) okosu. 

Hosted by 



[ 85 ] 


! Begin, i.v. hajimaru ; (arise) ok'oru ; 
(as a meeting) hiraku. 

to on (a job), nljlori-kalmru ; 

nilchakushu (着手) s. 

to to, expr. by -dasu and 

-hajime-ru in comp, with indef. 
form of vbs. ; as, 

to to blow, fu/d-dasu ; to ... 

... to do, shi-dasu ; to to 

rsiin,furi-dafiu ; to to speak, 

ti-dasu ; to to use, tsukai- 


-kake-ru in comp. conveys the 
idea to and leave un- 

finished ; as, a book I began 
to rea.d, yomi-kaJceta lion. 

Begiiiiier, n. shinzan-mono (新參 
者) ; narsnai mono ; (student) slioqa- 
kusha (初 'frg). ' 
Begfiimiiig', n. hajimari ; haj'ime ; 
(opening, as of a negotiation) kaishi 
(P 始) ; (origin) okori ; moto ; hottan 
(ffe^) ; tnoto no okori ; (of the season 
of the dog-days) iri. 

at the very , massaki ni. 

of spring", haru-sak'i. 

of the world, sekcil~kal- 

ケ y "た" (世界 開闢). 

■Beg'Oiie, interj. ike ; dero. 
Beg-onia grandis, shnkaldd (.伙 
ぼ 棠). 

Begrudge, t.v, (money, trouble, 
etc.) oshimu. 

Beguile, t.v. azamuku ; maijowasu ; 
taburakasu. ' 

to away, ohiki-disu ' 

to away the time, tokl wo 


Belialf, n. on of, 710 iame ni ; 

ni kaimtte ; no kawarl ni ; (in the 
name of) no meif/i (名義) de ; (as 
representing) wajdaihyb shite. 
to act on of, nijtanomare-ru. 

Behave, i.v s well, ica]r/yd(ji 

get yoL 

to towards, nilshimuke-ru : 

(parents, husband, or master) n'lj 
tsukae ru ; (child, mfe, or servant) 

J3eliaviour, n. (deportment) (jyogi 
(行 靖) ; CW^jo (行 fe) ; tichl-furumai ; 
(habitual) mimochi ; hinkb (品行); 

okonal ; (towards others) shiniuke ; 
(on particular occasion) sohuri ; kuodo 
(擧 動); (Z56'a (動作). 

JBelieacl, t.v. nolkuU wo Jdru. 

! Beheading-, n. uchi-kubi ; zanio 
(I/? 頭) ; (punishment) zanzai (^^). 

Beliinrt, adv. ushlr ひ ni ; a'o ni. 

to be (late), okure-ru ; to "be 

fax , haruka ni okure'7'u. 

to leave , nokoshUe oku ; 

(forget to bring away) okl-wasu- 

to remain , nokoru ; ato ni 

nokoru ; l-nol oru [of persons onlvl. 

Belimd, prep, (at the back of) no 
'usniro ni ; (at the back side of) no 
ura ni ; (screened by) no kage ni ; 
(further back than) no ato ni ; (follow- 
ing after) no ato kara ; no ato ni 

to be (inferior to), rdlo、jdba- 

nal ; ni/otoru. ' 

to bind with the hands 

the back, usMro-de ni shlhciru. 

to talk about one one's 

back, kage-r/oto wo iu. 

13eliiiidliaiicl, adv. to be , 

okure-ru ; ato ni iviru ; osoku nam. 
to be with, (a payment), gaj 


Beholder, n. kemhutsunhi (見 4 勿 人); 
miru hito. 

Behoves, imper. vb. it one to, 

wajkanyo GJf 要) de aru. 

Beliriiig* Sea, Beringu-kai. 

Being', n. (living thing) ikiia mono ; 
seihidsu (iliT^ ゾ). 

human , ninyen (人間) 

to come into (as of a con- 
tract), selritsu (成立) 6'. 

Belabour, t.v. randa (亂 打) s; 

tsudzuke-uchi ni s ; bunnaguru [vulg.]. 
Belated, a. osomaki no. 
Belch, n. okuM ; geppu 爱氣) • 
! Belcli, i.v. okuhi ico s ; geppu s. 
^ielcliiiig', n. geppu. 
Beleaguer, t.y. tori-kakomu. 

Hosted b ん 00 ヌ 


[ 86 ] 


Belfry, n. shord ; kane-tsuki- 


Belgian, n. Berugi-j'm. 
Belgium, n. Berugi (白 耳義 )• 

Belie, t.v. to one's looks, 

mikake ni yoranai. 

Belief, n. (persuasion of truth) 
shinyb (fg)B) ; (personal opinion) 
kangae ; shoshin (所信); (religious) 
shinkdshin (信仰 't り- 

my is that it is a lie, 

wafakushi no omou ni kiito uso 

Believe, t. & i.v. (think true) shin- 
ji'ru ; iashika ni omou ; hontb (本 胃), 
or makoto, io omou ; shinyo s ; (in 
. religious sense) shinko s ; shinjin 
(信 祌) s. 

hard to , skinji-gatai. 

to firmly that, tojkakusMn 

(き-信) . 
to ...... in (a person), wo I shiny d s ; 

ni/shin wo oku. 

to be unable to , wolshinjl- 

kane-ru ; wa/ shinjirarenai. 

Believer, n. shinja ; shinto (信徒) ; 

shinkbsha (信仰者). 
Bell, . n. kane ; (ball-slmped) suzu ; 
(hand- or house-) rin (ゆ ; yoUrin ; 
(to ring in the wind) fiirin (風鈴). 

alarm (in trains), [ressha-) 

keihbki (警報機). 

electric , denrei (電鈴). 

fire , hanshd (半鐘). 

signal , gosho (號 M)' 

temple , tsurl-gane. 

to ring" a , kane wo narasu. 

! Belladonna, n. repr. by scopolia 
japonica, hashiri-dokoro ; omeki- 
gnsa ; roto (莨 蓉). 
Belle, n. Ujin (美人); heppin (別 觼) ; 
. &り' o( 美女). 

Belles-lettres, n. hungaku (文學 )• 

! Bellicose, a. (fond of war) iJcusa- 
dzuki na ; (provocative) chbsenieki (挑 
戰的) no. 

! Belligerent, n. (state) kdsenkoku 

(^lic'^) ; (person) kosensha. 
Belljar, n.haiJcishd (排氣 鐘). 

! Bellow, i.v. unaru ; hoe-ru. 

Bellows, n. fuigo ; (foot) tatara ; 
[fuki-dake is a bamboo tube used 
in Japan to blow up a fire]. 

Bellows-lisli, n.fidgo-iio ; sagl-'bue. 

Bell-pull, n. kane no hikUe. 

Bell-ringer, n. (in the Japanese 
manner) kane-tsuki. 

Belly, n. ham ; o nalca [used by 
women] ; (children's word) pompon ; 
(of a musical instrument) do (胴). 

to lie on the , utsubushi ni 

ne-ru ; haramhai ni naru ; utsulm- 
shiie ne-ru. 

Belly, i.Y.fukure'Tu. 
Belly, t.Y. fukurasu. 
Bellyache, n.fukutsu (腹痛) ; hara- 

to have a , u'a]ha?,a ga itai. 

Bellybaiirt, n. (worn by men next 
the skin) domaki ; hara-maki ; (worn 
by pregnant women) hara-obi ; (sad- 
dle-girth) haruhi ; hara-ol)i. 

Bellytiil, n. to eat one's , 

hara-ippai ni tabe-ru ; hara-sanzan 
ni tahe-ru. 

Belong*, i.v. to to (be the 

property of), no I mom de aru ; no/ 
shoyu (所有) de aru ; (be a part of) 
ni/fuzoku (1% 屬) s ; ni/zoku s ; nij 
t suite oru. 

to to the department of 

(of an affair), no/kakari de aru. 
Belongings, n. shojlhm (所持品); 

s み oyS/iiTi (所有 品). 
Beloved, a. kaicaii ; chdai (寵愛) no ; 

saiai (最 no. 
Kelow, prep, (imderneath) no shita 
ni ; (in a document) no tsugi ni. 

directly , no ma- shita ni. 

that is cost-price, sore wa 

motone yorl yasui. 

to be , (inferior to) ni/otoru ; 

(unworthy of) nilni-aicanai. 

to "be sample, inihon yorl 


Below, adv. shita ni. 

above and , joge (上 T). 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 87 ] 


! Belt, n. obi (worn by men next the 
skin) ctomaki ; hara-maki ; (securing 
woman's sash.) obi-dome ; obi-shime ; 
(mech.) shirctbe-r/awa ; chotai (調 帶). 
leather ....... kavca-ohL 

IBemoaii, t.v. nageku ; kanasJdmu. 

IBencll, n. shogi (J^/L) ; nagai koshi- 
kake ; suzumi-dai [an open-air seat 
usually 6 ft. by 3] ; (carpenter's) 
daraiban ; (judges) hdkwan (法官); 
saihankwan (裁—】 官) ; (judge's dais) 
JianjiseJci (判事 席) ; jodan (上 魔). 

Bend, t.v. (make crooked) mage-ru ; 
(curve) sorase-ru ; (double) oru ; as, 

to the knee, hiza ico oru ; 

(fig. to one's will) nabikasu. 

to the "body, mi wo kagame- 

ru ; kagamu ; to (the body) 

backwards, wo/nokezo7'ii. 
to the neck, kogomii, 

IB end, i.v. magaru ; (under a weight) 
shhum ; (warp) soru ; (of a slack rope) 
tarumu ; (of fruit-laden branches) 
tawamu ; (before the -wind, & fig.j 

Bend, n. inagari ; (corner) kado ; 
(from warping) sort. 

! Beneath, prep, nolshita nl ; (un- 
worthy of) ni/7ii-awanai. 

Beneath, adv. sMta nl. 

Benedicite, n. (canticle) hammotsu 
(萬 物) no sho (頌 ). 

Benediction, n. (the prayer) shuku- 
to (漏). 

Benedictus, n. Zakariya no sho. 

! Benefaction, n. rneguml ; (dona- 
tion) megumi-kin. 

Benefactor, n, onjln (恩 入). 

Beneficence, n. on ; ontaku (恩? 睪) ; 
megumi ; jinkel (仁 惠). 

Beneficial, a. (to, no) tame ni naru ; 
(to, no) eki ni naru ; (to, ni) yueki 
(有益) na. 

Beneftt, t.v. (confer benefits) megu- 
nm ; (advantage) no /tame ni naru ; 
no/rieki (禾 IJ 益) ni naru. 

! Benefit, i.v. mdke-ru ; (improve) 
sakan ni nam. 

Benefit, n. (advantage) rieki (禾 IJ 益) ; 
eki ; kai ; (profit) moke ; rieki ; 
(favour) on (恩); (conferred by 
treaty) hen-eld (便 爲). 

. -… s, onkei (恩 惠). 

for the of, no tame ni. 

to be unmindful of s, on wo 


to receive s, on wo uke-ru •; 

on ni naru. 

Benevolence, n. hakual (ff 愛); 
jizen (慈善) ; nasake ; jihi { 慈悲 i ; 
き ket (仁 惠). 

Benevolent, a, jlhi-hukai ; nasake- 

society, jlzenkwai (慈善 會). 

Benevolently, adv. jiU-bukaku ; 
nasake-hukaku . 

Kenig'llted, a. (fig.) mono ni kurai ; 
ankoku (暗 黑) na. 

Beiiiglited, p.p. to be , yo ni 

iru ; kuraku naru. 

Bent, n. (propensity) kuse ; (ten- 
dency) katamuki. 

Bent, a. & p.p. magatta ; kjanda. 

a person solely on money 

making", tameru ippo no kito. 

to be (with age), wdjkoshi ga 

magatie oru. 

to De ...... on, ikigomi ga aru ; 

zehi (是 多お) with, desiclerative adj.; 

is on going", zehi 


Benumbed, a. to be , (with 

cold) kajikamu ; kogoe-ru ; (lose 
sensation) shibire-ru. 
13enzine, n. *. 

Benzoic aeirt, ansokkdscm (安 廛、 
香 酸). 

Benzoin, n. ansokkd. 

Becmeatll, t.v. nohosu ; yuigon 
(遣 言) nokosu ; iryu (遺 s ; 
(as a memento) katami ni okuru. 

Bequest, n. yuimotsu (遺 4' 勿) ; kata-. 
mi; izd (遣 贈) [Civ. Co.]. 

! Berber is japonica, hiragi-nan- 

b. vulgaris, hebi-noooradzu. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


BiBreaved, p.p. to be of, nil 

sJiini-okure ru ; nijokure-ru ; nij 

J3ereft, p.p. to be of, ico/tora- 


Beri-beri, n. kaTcke (脚 氣). 
Bermuda-grass, n. gydgi-shiba. 
Kerry, n. mi. 

Kertll, n. (sleeping place) toko ; 
(situation) kuchi ; ichi (t^.{§) ; (an- 
choring place) kakari-ha ; hyochi 
(錨地); telke'jo (症 繋 所); teihakujo 
(碇泊 所). 

to take up a (of a ship), 

^ 2 'r,y な (序 留) s. 
Bertliing-officer, n. telhakvjo- 

sMtei-r/akari (淀 泊 所 指定 係). 
Beseecli, t.v. ori-itte mgau ; tatte 
neqau ; tanqimn (歎 s ; koyiqican 
• い'. • ' 

Beset, t.v. nilsemaru. 

Beside, prep, (at the side of) no 
sdba ni ; no imki ni. 

it is the question, mondai- 

g 隠 i (fn, 題 夕 卜) cU aru. 
Besides, prep, no holca ni ; no ue 

ni ; no hetsii ni. 
Besides, adv. (in addition) hoka rd ; 
hetsu (; jij) ni ; (moreover) amassae ; 
sono ue ni mata ; omake ni. 

! Besiege, t.v. tori-kakomu ; kakomu ; 

...... d, rdfo (K) no. 

ing- army, icojogun (攻 軍). 

BeKSiiiear, t.y. nij nuri-chirakasu ; nil 

ed witli, expr. by -darake 

na ; -mabure 7ia [post-positive]. 

Beso】ii, n. hoki ; kusa-hoki. 

Bespatter, t.v. rdlham-ka'ke'ru ; nil 
hukkake-ru ; nilhane-cMrakasu . 

...... ed with mud, doro-darake 


JBe speak, n. (order) atsurae-ru ; chu- 
mon (注文) s ; (arrange beforehand) 
mae-motfe tanomu ; mm kara yaku- 
soku (約束) sMfe Oku. 

IBesprinkle, t.v. nllfuri-kakeru. 


Best, a. ichiban yoi ; saijd (最上) 《Q ; 
tobikiri no [the latter two words are 
chiefly used in trade] ; (very good) 
goku yoi. 

the class of, joto (上 夢) no. 

the in Japan, Nihon ichi 


the in the world, tenka- 

ichi no. 

the plan, tokusaJm ひ !} 策)' 

Best, adv. ichihan yoku. 

Kest, n. at , ichiban it to shita 

tokoro de. 

the plum blossom is now at 

its , ume no liana ica tadaima 

migoro, or sakari, da. 

to make the of (an inferior 

article), ma ni aicasete oku. 

to the of my knowledge 

and belief, 卞 yo no shirl-uru 

to the of one's power, 

chikara no oyobu kagiri. 

Bestiality, n. (lust) juyoku (獸愁 ). 

15 e stow, t.v. atae'ru ; sadzuke'ru ; 
fuyo ([ffij-M) s ; hodokosu. 

to pains on, wo/hone-otte s. 

to have (a rank) ed upon 

one, niljo (叙) serare-ru ; (a deco- 
ration) loojsadzukerare-ru. 

Bestride, t.v. nilmatagaru ; (sit 
astride of) ni / matagaru ; rdluma- 
7iori ni naru. 

Bet, i.Y. kane wo kake-ru. 

1 on the chest 皿 t, icata- 

kushi wa kurige ni kake ru. 

Bet, n. kake. 

Betel-nut, n. hinrdji (檳鄱 I"), 
Bethink, t.v. to one's self of, 


Betimes, adv. yoi jibun ni ; (early) 
asa hayaku. 

Betoken, t.v. shimesu ; no/shirushi 
ni naru ; (be a symptom of) nojchbho 
(徵挨 ) de aru; nojzenchb (前兆) de aru. 

Betray, t.v. (one's country) uru ; (as/ 
a friend) otoshi-ire-ru ; (as, a plan to 
the enemy) naitsu (內逾 ) l*? ; uragiri 
shite shirase-ru ; (a secret) morasu. 

[ 88 ] 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 89 ] 


JBetrotll, t.Y. ii-nadzuke-ru ; il-nadzu- 
ke s. 

Betrotlial, n. U-nadzuke. 

presents, yuinb (lit 砂 j)- 

Betrotlied, a. U-nadzuke no. 

JBetter, a. motto yoi ; the compara- 
tive is iisu, expr. by " good than " ; 

as, this is than that, sore 

yori kore ga yoi ; by hodo yoi in such, 
pb rases as the "bigger the , 

okii hodo ii ; the fewer the , 

sukunai hodo ii. 

it is to, expr. by ho ga U, 

ho ga yokaro, or masM da ; as, 

it is to give it up, yoshita 

ho ga yokaro ; it is to go, 

itta ho ga ii ; it is not to 

go, ikanai ho ga yoi, or mashi, da. 

still , nao ii. 

to "be tlian, ni/masaru. 

Better, adv. motto yoku ; (with more 
advantage) isso ; musliiro ; is so ? lo 

X am mucli to-day, kyo. wa 

OKI ni yoku narimashita'. 

to fesl (in health), kokoro- 

yoku nam. 

to get , kicaiho (1 夹方) ni 

omomuku ; kicaiki .('1 央氣) rd mukau. 

Betters, n. me-ue. 

Betting', n. kakegoto. 

Between, prep, no aula ni ; (of 
places) no aid a ni ; -lean (間) ni. 

1900 and the spring" of 

1901 (an indefinite peiioii), Meiji 
33 nen kara 34 nen no liaru ni 

some time 9 and 10 

o'clock, kujl yori jf/ji made no 
aid a ni. 

let this "be ourselves, kore 

wa ucln-uchi no hanashi ni shima- 
shd; kore wa kono ha giri no hana- 
sfii ni shimas/io. 

to get , no I aula ni liasamaru. 

to hold , no I aida ni hammu. 

to hold the teeth, kii- 


to keep (have in common), 

moyai ni s. 

JBevel, n. icaikaku (歪 角). 

JBevel, t.Y. nifmarumi wo tsuke-ru. 

Bevel-square, n. tsiijal-sash Ujcme . 

13evel-wlieel, n. imikaku-shlrln (歪 
角 四 輪). 

Beverag'e, n. nommiono. 

Bevy, n. (of birds) mure. 

Bewail, t.v. nagekn ; ka.ncishi'mu. 

Beware, i.v. Id. wo tsuke-ru ; h i ico 
yurusanu ; yudan (袖 斷) shimi. 

I ki wo tsukeyo. 

of pickpockets I suri go 

yojln (/n, じ、) ; kimichiimono <jo yqjln. 
to of, (followed by parti- 

ciple) expr. by yd ni ki ico tsuka'ru 

following a neg. vb. ; as, of 

cateJiing* cold, kaze ico hikanal 
yd ni ki wo tsukeyo ; (abstain from) 
wo I tsutsushimu . 

Bewilder, t.v. madoicasu ; mago- 
tsukase ru. 

to be ed, magotsuku ; mago- 

mago s ; uro-uro to s. 

Bewitcll, t.v. (deceive) hakasu ; 
tciburakasu ; (possess, as an evil 
spirit) ni I tori-tsuku. 

to "be ed, ta Im rakasare ru. 

to "be ed by a fox, n^kitsune 

ga tsuku. 

Bewi telling', a. (of a woman) hore- 
hore suru ; aikyb (愛嬌) no aru. 

Beyondj prep, (farther on than) no 
said ni ; (on the further side of) no 
muko ni. 

expectation, k/u-ai (意 夕 卜) 

• nl. 

this I know nothing", 

kono hoJca ni nani mo shir ami. 

lie lives three doors ray 

house, watakusJd no taku kara 
sangen (三 軒) sciki ni oru. 

is the scop 3 of, nolhan- 

i-gicai 圍夕 卜) de aru. 

tiiat is him, sore wa am 

hito ni oyobanm iwto da. 

that woman is expression 

beautiful, ano onna ica iu ni 
iwarenai hodo utsuk.ushii. 

to go (pass), icolsugi-rii ; 

ico/iki-sugi-im ; ico/tori-Jcosu. 

Bezoar, n. god (午 黄). 
Bi- {Qhem.)jil- (重). 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 90 ] 


Bias, n. (partiality) eko-hiiki ; hem- 
一 pashin (fli 鎮' 亡、) ; hempa ; henko (婦 

Biassed, a view, henken (婦 


to Tbe , ippo (一方) nl kata- 


to "be in favour of, nojhiiki 

Bib, n. yodare-kake. 

Bible, n. seisho (聖書) ; seikyd (聖教). 

Bibliopilile, n. hon-zuki ; shomotsu- 

Wr'i (書物 弄). 
Bicarbonate of soda, * ; ju- 

tansan-soda (重炭酸曹達). 
Bicliloride of mercury, shokd 


Bicycle, n.jitensha (自轉 車). 

Bicycle, i.v. jUensha ni noru. 

Bicycliiigr? Bicyclist, n. jitensha- 

13 id, t.Y. nilii-tsuke ru. 

to goodbye, (for a while) 

itoiim-goi wo s ; (when visiting) 
itoma ICO mosu. 

to up the price, ne wo seri- 


Kid, i.v. (at an auction) ne wo tsu- 

ke ru ; ire-m ico s. 
Bid, n. he-ne ; tsuke-nedan ; tsuketa 


Bidder, n. serl-te ; kydhainin (競寶 
人) [Civ. Pro.]. . 

successful , rakusatsunin 

礼 人). 

Bidding", n. to start the , 

yari ico ire-ru. 

Bide, t.Y. matsu. 

to one's time, jlsetsu (時節) 

wo matsu ; kikicai (機 會) ico ma- 
tsu ; tsugo wo matsu. 

Bier, n. koshi. 

; Big", a. dkii ; oki na ; in compounds 

0- or dai- ; as, a wave, o- 

nami ; a "bottle, o-bin. 

about as as this, kono 

kurai oki na. 

as as a tea's egg*, keiran- 

dai (II 卵大) no. 

and little, da'isho (大ノ J ゝ). 

to be with child, harander 

oru. 一 

to talk , taige:i (ゾ >: 言) ico 

haku ; koman (高 li) ico iu ; o- 
duros/iiki ico hiroge-ru. 

Bigamy, n. jilkon. (重婚). 

Big-bellied, a. hara no oki na. 

Big'iioiiia graiidiflora, ndzen- 

Bigot, n. henkutsiijln (偏 H 人). 

Bigoted, a. f/u;fm/<'o ( 頃 固)? I" ; hen- 
kutsu na. 

! Big"Otry, henkutsu. 

Bilateral, a contract, sdmu- 

keiyaku (雙務 契約) [Civ. Co.]. 
Bilberry, n. (fruit) fujimmi. 
Bile, n. tanju (瞻 汁). 
Bilge, n. funa-zoko. 
Bilg'e-water, n. aka. 
Bilious, a. to feel , ica\mune ga 


Bill, n. (beak) kuchi-hashi ; (account) 
kanjo-gaki ; kanjd (勘定) ; kakitsu- 
ke ; kaki-dashi ; tsuke ; (statement 
of partictilars) kaJcitsuke ; (com., 
note) terjata [Com. Co.] ; (pari.) hoan 
(法案) ; ' gi 職 (議案) ; an ; (for the 
revision of a law) kaisei-an (^ib^). 

...... of costs, hiyo-keisansho (費 

用 計算書) [Civ. Pro.]. 

…… of divorce, rienjo (騰 状). 

of exchange, kaicase-tegata ; 


of fare, kondate ; shim-gam.. 

of health, kenkd-shdsho (赌 

廢證 書) ; Icenzm-shdsho (健全 證電 )• 

of lading", fumdzumi-slio ; 

funani-shoken ; senka-snoken (船荷 
雲^ 券) [Com. Co.] ; kicahutsu-hiki- 
kaesho [Com. Co.]. 

of sale, haihai-s/iosho (寶賈 

if 書) ; uriwatashi-sho. _ 

exchequer , dkur-a-shoiceii. 

play , handzuke. 

Bill-broker, n. ie gata-ivxkagainin. 

Bill-collector, n. kaketori ; shic- 
kinkata (集金 方). 

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[ 01 1 


13illet, n. (situation) kuchi ; icM 

a of firewood, maki ichma. 

ISiUet, t.v. (quarter) y ado-war I s ; 

Billet-doux, n. iro-huml ; ensho (艷 

Killetilig*, n, (of soldiers) slmkusha- 

Bill-hook ,- n. (for splitting fire- 
wood) maki-icari. 

Billiard-room, n. tainatsuM-ha ; 

Billiards, n. tama-tsuki. 

to play , tama wo tsuJcu. 

Billiard-table, n. tamatsuki-dal. 
Billow, n. d-nami ; hatd (波、? 壽). 
Bill-stainp, n. shdken-lnshi (證券 印 

Bill - sticker, n. fuda-harl. 
Bi-nietallism, n. fuku-honl-sel (馥 

本位 制) ; rybkwasei '(兩 貨 制). ' 
Biliary, a stars, shinjil-fuki は el 

(真 重複 星). 
Bi ひ (1, t.Y. (tie) shioaru ; iwae ru ; ku- 
kuru ; (a book) toji'ru ; (with an 
edging) nil her i wo tsukeru. 

the book is well "bound, selhon 

(製本) ga yolcu delate oru. 

to (several volumes) in one, 

gappon (合本) ni s. 

to the liair, kcmi wo iu. 

to up (a wound), hdtal (繃 

帶) s. 

Binder, n. (of books) selhonya (製 

Biii(ling、, n. (edging) heri ; (book- 
cover) hyoshl (表紙) ; (process) sei- 

European , seiyo-tojl ; yoso 


half-leather , se-gaica. 

leather , sd-gaica. 

way of , tojl-kata ; hydso 

(表装) ; sdJmi (製本). 

Binoculars, n. rydgankyd (兩 眼鏡) ; 

sogankyo (双眼鏡): 
Biogrraphy, n. denki (gfB) ; den ; 

ichidaiki (一代記). 

Biolosrist, n. seihutsugakusha (生物 
學 者). 

Biology, n. seibutsngaJcu. 

Biota ■ orieii talis, konote-gashiwa. 

Bircli, n, kaha no Id ; kaha ; shira- 

Bird, n. tori [a.n. wa] ; (released at 
a Buddhist funeral) lianashi-dori. 

a little told me, haze no- 

tayori de kiita. 

of Paradise, filcho (風 鳥). 

s and beasts, kinju (; ; 

torl-kemono ; tori-kedamono ; choju 

s of a feather flock toge- 
ther, us hi wa ushi-dzure, uma wa 
uma-dzure [either expression may 
be used singly] ; ddki (同 氣) ai- 

s of passage, watari-(k>ri. 

cag-ed , kago no tori. 

killing' two s with one 

stone, ikkyo-rydtoku (一 擧兩 

they found the had flown 

(i.e. the criminal escaped), itte 
mitara inoniike no kara datta. 

Birdcag-e, n. torikago. 
Birdcall, n. yoUko ; yose. 
Bird-catclier, n. (using a limed 
pole) tori-sashi. 

Bird-fancier, n. torlya. 
Birdlime, n. torimochi. 
Bird's-eye-view, n. mi-harashi ;' 
(picture) zendzu (全 翻); zenkel (全景). 
Bird's-iiest, n. tori no su. 
Birth , n. iimare ; shussan (出 產) r 
shussho (出生); tmijo ; (of a royalty) 
go kotan (御 P 争誕) ; (parturition) san 
(產 ) •, Immien (分 ま ; (good lineage) 
ier/ara ; immibatsu 

"before , shusshdzen (出生 前). 

of gocd , iegara, or iimare,. 

no yoi. 

premature , tsuki-taradzu ; 

ryuzan (流 產). 

still , shltai-'bum'beii (死 體"^ 

娩 )- 

to give to, wnu ; shussan s 

umi-otosii [viilg.] ; (fig.) okosu. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 92 ] 


»irtliday, n. tanjdhi (誕生 口); tan- 
skin (誕辰). 

of the Emperor (of Japan), 

tenchbsetsu (天 M 節). 

of the Empress (of Japan), 

c も ifc 舞お s" (地久 節). . 

Birthplace, n. umare-kokyd ; slms- 
sho no chi ; kokyd (故 ; furu- 

13i$cuit, n. * ; kwashi [generic term 
for cakes] ; (unglazed pottery) k リ i 

Bisect, t.v. (math.) tobun (等^) s. 

Bisliop, n. (Prot.) kantoku (監智 ) ; 
(Kom. Cath.) shikyo (司教); (Budd- 
hist) sojo (fi "正) ; (chess) kaku (^). 

Bisliopric, n. kanioku-shokv. (監 # 

Bisiiiiitll, n. soen ; jagan-seJd. _ 

subnitrate of , jlshdsan-sden 

(次 酸 蒼 鉛). 

13 IS tort, n. ibuk'i ; tora-no-o. 

13isulpliide, n. carbon , ryfi- 

Uwa-tanso (硫化 炭素). 

Bit, n. (of a bridle) kutsuwa ; fukumi ; 
(tool) inaicashi-giri ; (fragment) kake ; 
kire ; ore ; hera [of wood]. 

a (a little), sukoshi ; chotto ; 

shosho (少少); chojnbori ; chitto. 

not a , sukoshi mo, or nek- 

kara, with a neg.; as, it was not 

a interesting", nekkara 

omoshiroku nai. 

13itartrate, n. jUshusekisan (直? 酉 石 

! Bitcli, n. me-inu, 

! Bite, t.v. kamu ; (seize with the teeth) 
nilkui-tsuku ; ni/kami-tsuku ; (of a 
flea) kuu ; (of a mosquito) sasu. 
to be "bitten in the leg "by a 
dog", asM wo inu ni kamare-ru, or 

to off, kami-kiru ; kui-kiru. 

to off more than one can 

swallow, hitokuchimono ni ho wo 
yaku [prov.] 
Bite, i.v. kui-tsxiku ; (as mustard) 
kiku ; (hold) hikkakaru ; (of fish) hip- 
paru. - 
to well, yoku kuu. 

Bite, n. kaml ; (wound) kami-Jcidzu. 
flea , nomikkui. 、 

Bitter, a. nigai ; (distressing) tsurai ; 
(of'cold) hidoi. 
to the end, aku mide mo. 

Bitterly, adv. (fig. ) it aku. 

Bittern, n. sanka no got. 

Von Schrenck's little , 

Bitterness, n. (taste) nlgami ; (fig.) 

Bittersweet, n. (bot.) m-frulja no 

Bivalve, n. moroha-gal. 

s, sdkoku-rui (雙 穀類). 

Bivouac, i V. roei (露 營) s ; yiel (Bf 
蒈) s ; nojuhu (姆 宿) s. 

Bivouac, n. roei. 

Bi-weekly, a. kakusM (隔週) no. 

Blab, i.v. shaberu. 

Black, a. kuroi ; in Chinese com- 
pounds koku- ; as, the Death, 

kokushihyo (黑も 病). 

horse, aoge. 

tea, kocha (紅茶). 

ting-e, kuromi. 

to become , kuro-dzunde 


Black, n. kuro ; (negro) kurombo ; 
/co/o/ ヌれ (黑 入). 

sketch, in and white, 


Black, t.v. (boots) nilswni ico nuru ; 

Blackberry, n. kurcMchUjo. 

Blackboard, n. kuro-ita ; kokuhan 
(黑 板) ; nuri-'ban. 

Blacken, t.v. kuroku s. 

to the reputation of, no/ 

meiyo (名 譽) ico kidzu-tsukeru. 

to th.e teeth, o haguro ico 


Blackeye, n. to get a , ica,]me 

no mawari ga aza ni niru. 

Black-eyed, a. me no kuroi. 

Black-flag', n. the s, kokkitai 

(黑旗 隊), 

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[ 93 ] 


Blackg-uarrt, n. futoi yatsu ; gesu- 
hatia yatsu. ' 
you I herdbo-me. 

Blacking*, n. kutsu-zumi ; sumi. 
Blacking-brush, n. kutsu-hake. 
Blacklead, n. kokuen (黑! {^). 
Blackleg-, n. hakiito (tS^ 徒). 
Blackmail, n. yu.mrl • 
Blackmail, t.v. yusuru. 
Blackness, n. kurosa ; kuroi koto. 
Black Sea, Kokkai (黑诲 ). 
Blacksmith, n. kajiya. 

Bladder, n.fukuro ; (anat.) shobcm- 
hukuro ; hokKO (of a fish) 


Blade, n. (of grass) ha ; (of a screw) 
fiTne ; (of a Japanese oar, ro) ude ; (of 
a knife) mi. 

naked , nukiml ; hatto (援 刀). 

unground - .. .. ., araml 

Blame, t.v. (censure) —ame'ru ; ken- 
.s で/ d (譴賨 ) s ; (disparage) waruku iu. 

I alone am to , watakushl 

hltori 710 tsumi, or ay:m,achl, da ; 
watakushl hitori no warui no (la. 

who is to ? dare no tsianl 


JBlame, n. (fault) ayamachi ; tsuml ; 
ior/a ; seme ; (censure) kogoto ; to ga- 
me. ; kenseki. ' 

to bear the of another, 

hlto no tsumi ico shou. 

to lay the on another, 

hxo ni tsumi ico kalmse ru, 

undeserved , musUtsu (無 失) 

no tsumi. 

J3lameal)le, a. tsumi no aim ; hinan 
(弗 難) suheki. 

iilameless, a. tsumi no nal. 

Blamelessly, adv. tsumi naku. 

Blamelessness, n. tsuml no ivd 

Blaiicli, t.v. (as linen) sarasu ; (as 
rice) shirage ru. 

Blancli, i.v. iro wo ushinau ; aoku 

Bland, a. Ingin (懇敏 ) n,i ; nyiaca (柔 
和) 滅. ' 
tone, nekonade-goe. 

Blandish, t.v. nilkoU-hetmiraii, 

Blandisliment, n. sejl. 

Blank, n. (in a document) alia 
tokoro ; yochi (餘 地) ; (in a lottery) 
hakushl (由》 紙) ; (of a domino) shiro ; 
(the space left before the name of a 
person of high rank) ketsvji (欠字). 

Blank, a book, Mkushicho (白 


cartridge, Mho (空砲). 

form, yoshi (用紙). 

map, rinkicakii-chklzii (輪 鹿 

地 圖). 

paper, hikushi ; (! eft at the 

end of a document) yohaku (餘 白). 

to leave , ah'de oku ; shiroku 

shite oku. 

Blanket, n. ketto ; mosen (毛 輕) ; 

he has the effect of a wet , 

are ga kuru to kemvtahu nam. 
horse …… , ha-i ('馬 衣). 

Blankly, adv. (vacuously) hdzen (茫 
然) to shite ; honyari to shite. 

Blasplieme, t.v. nonoshiru ; kusasu. 

B 1 a SlJll e my, n. nonoshlrl ; kami wo koto. 

Blast, n. (sound produced by blow- 
ing) /wfci ; (air) shofa (銜 風). 

a of wind, lolvjm (一陣) no 


one (on a steam-whistle), 

itteki (一 笛) ; hito-koe ; issei (ー聲 
Blast, t.v. (rend with explosives) 

bakuhatsu (爆 發) sase-ru ; haretsu (破 
^) sase'ru. 

Blast-furnace, n. .^hofuro (衝風 

Blasting*, n. hakuhatsu ; hakuliatsu- 

kdji (爆發 工事) • 
Blaze, i.Y. moe-ru. 

to up, mos-agaru. - 

Blaze, t.v. to abroad, ii- 


Blaze, n. (flame) lionb ; kwaen {*/c 
f^) ; (spot) hoshi. 

Hosted by Goo ヌ k 


[ 94 ] 


Blazing*, a sun, enten (炎天). 

to be exposed to the sun, 

enten ni ier i-tsukerare-ru . 

! Bleacli, t.v. sarasu. 

Bleached, a. sarashi- ; as, cot- 
ton, sarashi-momen. 

Bleaching -powder, n. sarashi- 

Bleak, a. fuki-saras'hi no ; samisiiii ; 
samu-sb na. 

I51ear-eye, n. yani-me ; tadave-me. 

Blear-eyed, a. yani-me no ; tadare- 
me no ; (with sleep) neboke-manako 

3Bleat, i.v. naku. 

Bleed, t.v. no/chi wo torn ; (a horr.e) 
shiraku (刺絡) s ; (of one's money) 
nojkane wo sui-toru ; no/ikichl ico 

Bleed, i.v. kara]chi (ja de-ru ; shuk- 
Icetsu (出血) s'. 

nose s, hanaji (ja de-ru. 

Bleeding', n. (hemorrhage) shuk- 

the stops, cM ga tomaru. 

to stop the , chi wo tome-ru. 

Blemish, n. (lit. and fig.) Jcidzu ; 

(fig.) kakin mm)' 

Blencli, i.v. heJcield (辟易) s. 

Blend, t.v. 1 舰 gd (混合) s ; konji-ru. 

Blend, j.v. mazaru. 

Blenlieliii-spaniel, n. chin. 

! Blenny, n. dainangiinpo. 

Bless, t.v. (confer a favour on) 

• megumu ; (God) agam で' rii. 

Blessed, a. saiwai na. 

Blessing:, n. saiwai ; kofuku (幸福); 

on ; megumi ; ontaku (恩'; 學) ; (the 

prayer) shukuto (祝禱 )• 
Bligrlit, n.fuke ; (damage by insects) 
. chugai (齦き). 

Blig'lit, t.v. (frustrate) munashiku s. 

to "be ed (of plants), fuke ni 

' nam. 

Blind, a. me no mienai ; mekura- ; 
(fig.) mbmai (盲 昧) na ; r/wnai (愚、 昧) 
na. _ 

a person, mekura ; mojin (盲 


a person of one eye, mek- 

Jcachi ; kata-me. 

alley, fukuro-yokochd ; iki- 


female musician, goze. 

colour , shiicimo (色"^) no. 

love is , kol ica shian し 思案) 

no koka. 

man of the guild, zato (It ミ 


the gut, mdaho ("^ li). 

to get drunk, s-hotai 

naku you. 

Blind, n. sudare ; (of reeds) yoslddzu ; 
(of fine bamboo) mis'" ; (of cotton, 
etc.) hiyoke. 

Venetian (shutter), yoroi- 


Blindfold, t.v. nojmekakushi ico s. 

Bliii cling*, a. (dazzling) mccbushii ; 
(obscuring siglit) me ga kummu yd 
na ; (of rain) me <ja akerarenai yo na. 

Blindly, adv. (without looking) 
muchii i 夢中) de ; (gropingly) te- 
sar/url de. 

to follow …… (fig.), rd/mdja (言 

從) s. 

Bliudmaii's buff, m せ- k.akush'i. 
Blindness, n. momoku (言 目); 
Imekura, a blind person, is com- 
monly prefered to an abstract term]. 

colour , shikimo (色盲). 

snow , yuJci-kurami. 

Blink, i.v. ma-tatakii ; ma-hataku. 

Bliss, n. teminiku {J^M) ; tenlcd (7c 
幸) ; saijd (最上) no saiicai. 

ignorance is , sldranu ga 


Blister, n. (from rubbing) midzu- 
hukure ; (from a burn) hi-hukure ; 
(plaster) hatsuhd (錢 泡). _ 
to apply a , hatsuhd ico haru. 

Blister, i.v, ni]midzu-hukure ga deki- 
ru ; (as paint) ica'jmain^iJw ga deki' 
ru ; uku. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 95 ] 


! Blister-fly, n. hammyd. 

blister-steel, n. cma-Myai に'. 

Blizzard, n./uhuld. 

JBloatert, a. mukunda. 

to become ., mukumu ; (of the 

drowned) midzu-bukure ni naru. 

Bloc, n. en (as of bills so pre- 
sented), ikkicatsu (一括) shite. 

JSlock, n. (of stone) shikaku (四^) 
na ishi ; (pulley) semi ; kassha (滑 
車) ; (used in printing) hangi (版 水). 
printing, mok'uhrt:n-zurl (yh 

mm)- + 

system (railwdy), kukwaku- 

shingd-hd (區 謹信號 法). 

chopping- , manalta. 

lie's a chip of the old , 

otottsan to sokkuri desu. 

one (of buildings), hlfo mi'me. 

JBlock, t.v. fusar/u ; msae-ru ; tozetsu 
(杜絶) f ; (as a pari, bill) nifjirl- 
tsubushi ni s ; nUfun-isiLbusu. ' 

to be ed, fusarjaru ; (of roads, 

etc.) tozetsu s. 

to be ed up, isumaru. 

JBlockade, n. hdsa (封 績); /""な- 

Blockade, t.v. (a port) hosa s ; (a 
fortress) torl-kakomu ; hoi (包 圍) s. 

Block-cutter, n. hangiya 反 水屋) • 

iBlockhead, n. guhutsu (愚、 斗 勿). 

JBlood, n. chi ; ketsueki (血 波) ; (po- 
etical) ake ; (taken from a living 

. person) ikichi. 

bad …… (lit), akketsu. 
bathed in bis , ake ni so- 
matt a. 

fresh , senlcetsu (鮮血). 

to have a rush of to the 

lieaa, nohose-ru. 

to make bad between, no 

ccida e/midzu too sasu. 

to spit ....... toketsu (吐 血). s'. 

to squeeze out the life's 

of a people (said of an oppresive 
govt.), no/kdJcetsu (膏血) ico shiboru. 
JBloodlieat-poiut, n. kd.w.onten 
(血 翻. 

Blood-relation, Blood-rela- 
tionsilip, n. ketsuzoku (血族) [Civ. 

Bloodshot, a. chi-hashitta. 

eyes, chi-manako. 

to have eyes, chi-wiartftko 

ni 7iatie oru. 

Bloodstain, n. kekJcon (ifiU^) ; chi 
no ato. 

Bloodstone, n. kefsugyokudzui (血 
玉髓) ; kesseki (血 石). ' 

Blood-thirsty, a. chi wo konomu. 
Blood-vessel, n. kekkican (血管') ; 

chi no suji ; myakJcican (脈管). 
Bloody, a. (blood-stained) chi ni 
yofjoreta ; chi no tsuita ; chi-darake na'. 

battle, kessen (血 戰). 

discharge, (jeketsu (下血). 

; Bloo】n, n. (on fruit) ko. 

of youth, waked sakari. 

full , hana-zakari. 

to have a upcm it, (of 

fruit), 7ii]ko gafuku. 

Blooming', a. sakan na. 

^Blossom, n. hi.n% ; (as anx. num.) 
rin (輪). 

full , massakarl. 

to be in fall (esp. of the 

cherry), rcmman (爛漫) shite, oru ; 

nvmJmi (滿 開) de aru. 
Blossom, i.v. (of flowers) saku ; emu. 

to "begin to , sakl-some-ru. 

Blot, t.v. rd/sumi ico tsuke'ru ; yogosu ; 
(dry with blotting-paper) sui-toru. 

to out, kaki-kesu ; kesu. 

Blot, i.v. (mn, as ink) ?iijimu. 
Blot, n. shiinl. 

covered, with s, shlmi-darake 


Blotcli, n. shhni ; (on the body) aza ; 
hantm (斑點 )• 

Blotting-paper, n. mdtorl-gaml ; 

oshi-gami ; shimiforl-fjami. 
Blow, i.v. (of the wind) fuku ; (of 
flowers) saku ; hiraku. 

to in, fi'M-komu. 

to over (fig.), koto-naku sumu. 

to througli, fuki-tdsu. 

to ...... tip (explode), haretsu (玻 

裂) s. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 96 ] 


Blow, i.Y.fuku. 

to about, fuki-chirasu. 

to ashore, fuki-age-ru. 

to a trumpet, rapp% wo 

fuku, or narasu. 

to away, fuki-haran. 

to away the clouds, kimio 

wo fuki-harasu, 

to back, fuJd-kaesu. 

to down, (from an elevation) 

fnhi-otosu ; (from a standing posi- 
tion)/ uki-tciosu ; fuki-kaesu. 

to off, fuki-hanasu ; to "be 

n off, fuH-tobasare-ru. 

to off the leaves, ha wo 


to off the roof, yane v:o 


to out, (extinguish) f uki- 

Jcesii ; (as a volcano) f uki-dasu ; 

f 画 hutsu (喰 出). 

'to over, faJd-taof!U. 

to the nose, hana ico kamu. 

to iip, (scold) ni/kentsuku wo 

kiacase-ru ; shikaru ; nijkogoto ico 

. in ; (inflsiite) fukuraJcasu ; jukurasu; 
(explode with powder) ; kwayaku 
('人 藥) de haretsu (破裂) sase-ru ; to 

"be n up (scolaecl), kmtsuku 

ICO kuu. 

to get 33, red] Iki ga klre-ru. 

KlOW, n. tataki [idiom generally pre- 
fers the use of the vbs. tataku, utsu 
or hutsii] ; (as opp. to a cut) dahoJm 
(打撲) ; (gale) o-kaze. 

to come to s, oucfa-ai, or 

taiaki-ai, rd nam. 

to strike tlie first , -saki e 

hutsu ; saki ni tedashi wo s ; sakl 
ni te wo kudasu. 

without striking" a (of mil. 

operations), yaiba ni chi wo nuradzu 

Blower, n. (mech.) sqfilH (送風 器); 
(of a stove) futa. 

Blowgxm, TL.fukiya. 

Blowpipe, n. suikwakican (吹' 人 管) ; 

(bamboo for raising fire) fuki-dake ; 

hiuke-dake [W. Japan]. 
! Blubber, n. dbura-mi ; cOmra. 
Blubber, i.v. ird-icd to mku ; icame- 


Bluclg^eon, n. Id (^). 

Blue, n. ao [applied fo both blue and 
green] ; asagi-iro. 

brig'h.t , rurl-iro. 

dark , hana-iro ; (of cloth) 


light , midzn-asagi ; midzu- 


sky , sora-iro. 

steel , ai-mirucha. 

very dark , al. 

Blue, a, expr. by an eqniv. of Blue,, 
n. foil, by no ; aoi [applied to both 
blue and green]. 

and white porcelain, some- 


e^rey, ai-nedzimii. 

KUie-book, ii. {Eikoku no) (jicalkb~ 
hunsho (外交文書). ' 

Bluebottle-liy, n. no-haL 

J51ue-eyecl, a. aol me no ; 卞 heki'ian. 

(碧眼) no. 
Blue-jacket, n. sulhel (7R 兵). 
BUie-lig-ht, n. rankwa (藍ゾ く). 
BUie-mag'pie, n. onaga-dori. 
Blue-peter, n. skuppankl (出帆 旗), 
Blue-sky, n. ao-zora. 

Bluetail, n. robin , rurl-Utaki. 

Bluff, n. gake ; (at Yokohama) yama ; 

yamate ; yamate-chd. 
Bluff, a. (in a good sense) klsaku (氣 

作) na ; (in a bad sense) mutonjaku 

(無頓着) na. 
Blunder, n. ayamarl ; shissaku (失 

策) ; kwashitsu (過失) ; ochido. 
Bluiicler, i.v. soso (粗相) s ; ayamaru. 
Blunt, a. (haying a thick edge) nibui ;. 

(not edged) ha no nai ; dontai 

na ; (in manner) enryo (遠慮) no nai ; 

hukotsu (M-g-) m.. 

a answer, Id de hana wo 

kukuru aisatsu (仏 #)• 
Blunt, t.v. nibuku s ; (a sense) chidon 

(趣 鈍) s. 
Bluntly, adv. enryo mku ; tcemmo- 

hororo ni. 
to refuse , pittari kotowaru. 

Hosted b ん 00 ヌ 


[ 97 ] 


Blur, t.Y. kumorase-ru. 

to be red, kumotte i-ru ; 

kasunde oru ; (as print, etc.) hak- 
kiri shinai ; (ran, as ink) m'jhnu. 

Blurt, t.v. to out, kuchi ico 

suherashite in ; (another's secret) 

BlUSli, i.Y. (redden in the cheeks) 
makka ni nam ; (for shame) sekimen 
(赤面) ; (fig.) memhoku (面目) wo 

Bluster, i.v. rlJclmu, 

J51iister, n. kara-iharl. 

Boa, n constrictor, uicahaml ; 


feather , hane-erlmaJcL 

Boar, n. o-huta. 

wild , i no sldslii ; shishi. 

Board, n. (wooden) ita ; (food) maka- 
nai ; ^ signboard) kamhan (看板) ; 
(cardboard) itagami ; daishi (臺紙 h 
(on which games are played) Imn ; as, 

chess , shogi-ban (將棋 盤) ; (in 

flooring, opening to storing-place 
beneath) age-huta ; (used to dry 
clothes on) hari-ita. 

America mission, Eumiai- 


of enquiry shinsa-lm (審资 

委 風). 

of national defence, koku- 

ho-iin (國 防委 具). 

of Trade, S/iomu-kyoku (商 

務 局). 

charge for , makanai-ryb. 

notice , keijihan (揭 示;^). 

on , (adv.) sennai (お 內); 

(prep.) ni notte. 

school , (/akumu-iin (學 務类 

員). * 

to go on a ship, fune ni 

nor'i-komu ; fune ni iku ; josen (乘 
船) s, 

to take on , (cargo) tsumi- 

ire ru ; (persons) nose-i'u. 

Board, t.Y. (cover with boards) nilita 
ICO haru ; (furnish with food) maka- 
層 I" 

to a ceiling", tenjo wo haru. 

to a ship, fune ni uchi-noru ; 

fune ICO nori-toru. 

to up, ita-r/akoi s. 

Boarder, n. (lodger) Idshukunin (寄 
視 人); (schoolboy) Jdshukusei (寄 
宿 生). 

Boarding", n. (wooden) ita-harl ; 
(food) makamti ; (calling) geshuku- 
eigyd (下宿 營 業), 
cost of , makami-ryd. 

Boarding'-liouse, n. Jdshukusha 
(寄宿舎) ; geshukuya (下宿屋). 

Boarcling-master, n. (for sea- 
men) sui/fu-shusensha (水夫 瘤旋 者). 

Boarding-scliool, n. jiJm (塾). 

15oast, i.v. tair/en (大 言) wo haJcu ; 
koman (高慢) wo iu ; taihdraku (大平 
樂) ICO tsuku. 

Boast, n. (vaunting) koman ; (cause 
of pride) jiman (自 ). 

Boaster, n. hora-fuki. 

Boat, n.fune ; (as dist. from a ship) 

ko-lmne ; (of Japanese build) sampan ; 


baggag-e , uicanl-hune ; ha- 


bridge of s, funa-hashi 

ferry , icatashi-hune. 

gun …… , hokcm (石 包 M). 

house , yane-lmne ; yalmta- 


junk's , temma. 

life …… , kyrimeisen (救命 船); 

submarine 二…. (torpedo), senkd- 
sidraitei (潜行 水雷艇) ; sensul-sm- 
raUei (潜水 水雷艇). 

torpedo , suiraitei (水雷艇). 

Boat-builder, n. funa-dalku. 
Boathook, n. kagi. 
Boatliouse, n. funa-gura ; teiko (艇 

庫). ■ 
Boating*, n. funa-asolA ; funa-imsan 

(船 遊山). ' 
Boat-letter, n. (a trade) funa-yado. 
Boatman, n. sendd (船頭) ; sempu 
(船 夫). 

Boatrace, n. funa-kake ; tantei-kyo- 

sd (端艇 競漕). ' 
Boatswain, n. * ; sidfuchd (水夫 長). 
Bob, n. (of a pendulum) omori. 
Bobbin, n. Ho-maki. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 98 ] 


Bodhisattva, n. hosatsu (菩薩). 

Bodice, n. kimono. 

Bodily, a. (pertaining to the body) 
karada ni tsuita ; shintai (萄 體) ni 
kwan (關) shita. 

heat, taion (寧 溫). 

strength, tairyoJcu (體 力). 

! Bodily, adv. sokkuri. 

Bodkin, n. (needlework) sashi-hari ; 
(printing) * ; (for the hair) kanzashi- 

Body, n. (distinguished from spirit) 
karada ; shintai (^iff) ; (substance) 
huttai (物 體) [scientific term] ; (of 
troops) tai (pjl) ; in compound words 

-tat ; as, solid ies, kokeitai (固 

形體) ; (association of persons) dantai 
{ 圑體) ; (of a church) kwaishuseki 
衆 席) [i.e. space occupied by the 

a large of persons, ozei (ゾ 《 

^) no hito. 

dead , shigai (死骸); shitai 

(死體 )• 

heavenly ies, tentai (天體 )• 

main (of troops), ho 零 in (本 

軍)' . ' 

the consular , ryoji-dantai 

(領事 圑體 )• , , , 

the diplomatic , ka に kolm- 

kosaikwan (交際 官) ; kosaikwan- 
dantai (交際 官圑體 ). 

the whole , mansUn ) ; 

zenshin (全; H ) ; soshin (總、 ; Q ). 

the whoie of persons, ichi- 

do (一同). 

Body-armour, n. do (胴). 

Bodyguard, n. goei ; (of troops) 
goeihei (護衛兵). 

Bog", n. (quagmire) nwma ; yachi. 

JSog'ey, n. hakemono ; (scarecrow) 

Bog'gle, i.v. mago-tsuku ; mago-mago 

Bogie, carriage, hogishiki- 

kyakusha (^If ーギ式 客車). 

Bogus, a. ikasa 滅 no ; nise-. 

Boil, i.v. (of water) waku ; nie-iatsu ; 
(of waves) awa-datsu. 

does not the water yet ? 

yu wa mada ni-tatanai ka. 

to completely, ni-tatsu ; 


to fiercely, nie-lcaemi. 

to over, ni-kdbore-ru. 

Boil, t.v. (solid things with flavouring) 
ni'ru ; (in water alone) ude-ru ; yude- 
ru ; (decoct, as tea) senji-ru ; (silk) 

to down, ni-tsume-ru. 

to rice, meshi ico taku ; 

卞 kome wo kashigu. 

to water, yu ico icakasu ; yu 

wo tagirasu. 

J5oil, n. haremono ; dekimono. 
"blind. , nehuto. 

Boiled, a. nita. 

eggs, ude-tamago. 

soft eg'gs, hanju ku-taniago 

(半熟 玉子). 

Boiler, n. kama ; kikwan U| [鐵) ; 
(round a fireplace, of copper or orass) 
ddJco (銅 壺) ; (bed on which the kama 
rests) hettsui. 

cylindrical , entdkwan (圓躊 


watertube , suikwansniki- 

kikwan (水管 式懷鐶 ). 

Boiler-plate, n. kwanyd-teppan 
用鐵 板). 

Boiling-, a point, futtdten (沸 

騰點 ). . 
water, nitatta yu ; nie-yu. 

Boisterous, a. (of the wind) arai ; 
arakenai ; (of persons) sawagashii ; 
rarribo (亂 暴) na. 

Boiste^L'OViSly, adv. sawagashiku. 

BoisteroUvSness, n. sawagashii 
koto ; rambd. 

Bold, a. daitan (大瞻 ) nu ; yuki (異氣 ) 
no aru ; dokyo {)%^) no yoi; tan- 
ryoku (瞻 力) れ o aru ; (manly) isagi- 
yoi ; (planned with courage) is ひ應 - 
shii ; (impudent) koshaku (/J 、績) na ; 
(forward) sashide-gainashii ; (audaci- 
ous, in bad sense) daitan-futeki (大膽 
不敵 )7W*; (of type)/w^o?. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 99 ] 


Boldly, adv. (of writing) tapjntsu (達 
筆) ni. 

BoUlness, n. den tan (大瞻 ) ; yiiki, 
氣). I 

Bole, n. miki. 

Boletus diliiidiatlis, mannen- 
take ; reishi. 
b. versicolor, saru no koshikake. 

Bolster, n. kukur'- nakura ; hm- 

Bolt, n. (of a door) kwannuki [a.n. 

hon, 本] ; (strong pin) d-kur/i ; rydtd- 

】cugi (兩頭 釘). ' 

a from the blue, seiten (啃 

天) no hekireJci (霹靂). 
Kolt, t.v. (a door) nolkwannuki wo 

kake-ru, or haim'ru, or tozasu ; (food) 

maru-nomi s ; (sift)/t«,im. 
Bolt, i.v. (abscond) tobb [^^) s ; 

shuppon (^6奔)<9; chikuten (逐電). s ; 

dzuitokuji (^德 寺) wo kime'ru ; (of a 

horse) tobi-dasu ; hikkake-ru. 

to be ed with, by a horse, 

lima ni hikkakerare-ru. 
Bomb, n. hakuretsudan (jt 暴^?!) ; 

haretsudan (被 裂彈) ; bodan iWM-)- 
Bombard, t.v. hogeki s. 
Bombardment, n. hogeki (砲 擊). 
Bombast, n. kdgen (高言); hbgen 


Bombastic, a. sMkaku-lmtta ; fuko 
(浮 誇) no. ' 

Bombay-duck, n. sayoH. 

Bona fide, sUnyd (信用) sMte; zen-i 
(靑 意) 歸 moUe ; (used adjectively) 
shinjUsu (信 實) no. 

Bona lides, zen-i. • 

Bond, n. (rope) nawame ; (deed) sh る- 
mon (證 文); shosho (證 書);' (for re- 
payment of loan) shakuyb-shdsho (借 
用證 書) ; (arcMt.) shiJdkata ; jdshiki 
(疊 式). 

commutation s (of Japanese 

stuzoku class), kinroku-kdsai (金錄 

industrial s, kigyd-kdsai (*E 

業 公 f). ノ 

public , kosai-shdsho ; kosai. 

war s, gunji-kosai (軍事公債). 

Bonded warehouse, Iwzel-sdko 

Bonds Ilia 11, n. (surety) hoshdnin (保 
證 入). 

Bone, n. hone ; kotsu (骨). 

s (skeleton), gaikotsu (骸骨). 

bare s, hak も otsic 、^骨、. 

manure, koppun-hiryd (* 胃 

HE 'Ft)' 

of contention, kenkica (喧 

嘩) no tane. 

of the arm, wankotsu (腕 骨). 

s and sinews, kinkotsu (|k 


full of s, ho7ie-dc{rake no. 

wrcnout making any s 

aboui it, ichi mo ni mo naku. 

J3oiie, t.v. (extract bones) iio/hone ico 

Boned, a. hone ico totta. 
large , hone-huto no. 

Bone-setter, n. hone-tsw/l ; sek- 
kotsu-i (接骨 醫). ' 

Bone-setting', n. hone-tsugl ; sek- 

Bonfire, n. kagarihi ; (at the Bon 
festival) mukae-hi ; okuri-'bi [the 
miikae-hi are lighted at the beginning 
of the festival to welcome the return- 
ing spirits, the okuri-'bi at the end to 
speed them departing]. 

Benin islands, Ogascncara-jima. 

Konito, n. katsuo ; (small variety) 
soaa-gatsuo. ― 
dried , hatsuo-hiisld. 

Bonus, n. (extra dividend) rlnji-hai- 
tbkin (臨時 酖當 金); (gratuity for 
services) shoyokin (貧與 金). 

Bony, a. honeppoi ; (like bone) gofsu- 
gotsu sum. 

Bonze, n. hbzu (坊主) ; (polite equi- 
valent) shukke (出 染). 
chief , os/i5 ま 尙). 

Book, n. hon (本); shomotsu (寶 物); 
[a.n. of whole books, ? m (部), of single 
volumes, sats-ii, 册] ; (section of a 
treatise) hen (M) ; (mercantile) choho 
(帳簿) [Civ. Co.] ; chomen (帳面) ; in 

compounds, -chd ; as, pass , 


Hosted b ん OO ヌ 

一 BOO 一 

s, shojaku (書籍) ; shoseki. 

catalogue, shomoku (書 目 ). 

of words (of a play), kyaku- 

hon (脚本). 

Chinese , (printed in China) 

tdhon (唐本); (composed in Chi- 
nese) Icanseki (湊籍 )• 

folding" , ori-hon. 

foreign ...... , yosho (洋書). 

incomplete , hahon (Jfig 本). 

Japanese (printed in Japan), 

wahon (禾 U 本). 

manuscript , shahon (寫 本) ; 


old , kohon (古本). 

picture , ehon. 

proscribed , tome-hon. 

second-liand , furu-hon. 

text , kydkicasho (教科書). 

Book, t.Y. (enter in register) chomen 
e tsuke-ru ; (luggage) adzuke-ru ; (as 
a seat) ii-Jooiule oku. 

Book-binder, n. seihonya (製本屋). 

Book-box, n. homhako. 

Boolt-case, n. hondana ; shotlana ; 

Book-collector, n. zoshoka (藏 

Booking "訓 office, n. shussatsujo ( 出 

window, kippu-guchl. 

Bookkeeper, n. hoki-kata ; chcibo- 
gakari. ' 

Bookkeeping*, n. hoki ; (study) 
hokigaku (簿記 學). 

by double entry, fukushiki- 

boki (献 簿記). 

by single entry, tanshiki- 

hoki (單式 簿記). 

Bookmarker, n. sMorl. 

Bookseller, n. honya (本屋). 

,s shop, shoshi (書肆) ; shorln 


second-hand ....,., furuhonya. 
Bookslielf, n. shodana. 
Bookworm, n. sumushi ; (fig.) toku- 

sho-heki (讀欄 癖). 
Boom, n. (of a sail) hofjeta ; keta. 


Boom, i.v. don-don io mm ; (of 
trade) jdgeiJci (上 景氣) de aru. 

Boomerang', n. * ; 卞 hikyomikl 
(飛 去来 器). 

Booming', n. don-don hi oio ; dzudon 
to iu oto. 

Boor, n. inaka-mono ; dempu ; (clown) 
tZempw-^/a ヌれ (田夫野人) ; hyakushd-me. 

Boorish, a. husaho (無作法) na ; yaho 
(野暮) na. 

Boot, n. kutsu ; [a.n. of pairs, soku, 
足] ; [peasants in Japan wear a 
rude kind of boot called kaica-gutsu^. 

brown leather s, akai kutsu. 

elastic-side s, fukagomu- 


high. s, naga-gutsu. 

laced s, amiage-gutsu. 

patent leather s, gomugawa- 

gutsu ; gomuhiki no kutsu. 

rubber s, gomu-gutsu. 

snow s (of straw), wara-gutsu. 

witliout taking off one's s, 

kutsu no mama. 

Booth, n. koya-gake. 

wayside , kake-jaya. 

Bootjaclt, n. kutsunugi-Ua ; kutsu- 

Bootlace, n. kutsu no himo. 

Bootmaker, n. kutsuya. 

Booty, n. hundori-hin ; emono ; senri- 
/ぬ" 戦利品) • 

Boracic acid, hosan (卿 S 桑). 

Borax, n. hosha (卿 砂). 

Border, n. (edge) fuchi ; (edging) 
heri ; heritori ; (at neck of a Japanese 
lady's dress し han-eri ; (flower-bed) 
kwadan (花) ; (frontier) kyokai ; 
sakai ; kuni-mkai ; (frontier-district) 
kyokaichi (境界 地). 

•within tlie s of, no keidai 

(境内) ni. 

Border, i.v. to on (be contigu- 
ous to) nijkuttsuite oru ; nijtonari- 
atte oru ; nijsetsuzoku (接 續) s. 

Bordered, a. (of a garment, etc.) 
herklori wo shita. 

[ 100 ] 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 101 ] 


Bore, t.v. (a hole) ake-ru ; (a well) 

to a hole through, nijana 

rco kiri-miku. 

to a hole with, an awl, 

kirl (le ana no ake-ru. 

Bore, n. (person) v.rusai Jtlto ; (annoy- 
ance) mendd (面接 ij) ; (hole) kh'i-ana ; 
(of a river) kawa no tsunami ; (of a 
gun) jius'hin [MM ) ; (calibre) kokei 
(ロ徑 )• 

smooth gun, mkkojii (滑 

腔 銃). 

twelve gun, juriihan-kei 

(十二 赞形) no ieppo (鐵 砲). 

Bored, a. to "be , talkutsu 

(退屈) .s'. 
Boredom, n. talkutsu. 
Boring*, n. (of a well) horimihi. 

maclune , kikai-hori (機械 掘). 

manuai , ie-hori ; j'mko-hori 

(人工 堀). 

Born, p.p. to "be , umare-ru. 

Borrow, t.v. kari-ru ; karu [W. 
Japan] ; shakityd (借 巧) s ; kari- 
vke'ru ; (liiimble expression) haishaku 
(萍 借) 

may I this book for two 

or three days ? Kono lion ica 
nisannichi haishaku ga dekimasho 

Borrower, n. kari-te ; karl-nushi ; 
kari-kata ; shakuyd-nushi ; (humble 
term) haishakiinln (萍借 入). 
Bosom, n. (breast) mime ; (of the 
dTess) futokoro ; Icwaichu (1象中). 

to put into the , fiitokoro ni 

ire-ru ; kwaichu s. 

Bosom-friend, n. sUn-yu (親友); 
(joku kon-i no tomodachi ; hekkon 
'(別懇) no mo. 

Boss, n. (on a helmet) hoshi ; (stud) 
ebo ; (knob to hold by) fsumami ; 
(slang, for master) taisho (大 

Botanica レ g'ai'den, n. shokuhutsu- 

en (植物園). 
Botanist, n. shoJculmtsugaJmsha (植 

物學 者); /ま n5 た a (本草 家')..、 
Botany, n. sh okuhu tsu gaku ; honzo- 

gaku. , 

Botll, a. ryoho (兩 方) no ; dochira mo 
no ; idzure no ; iisii. expr. by one of 
the following equivalents, treated as 
an adverb : (of persons and things) 
dochira mo ; rybhb ; ryoho to mo ; 
(of persons only) futari ; futari to 
mo ; rydnin (兩 入) to mo ; (not of 
persons) fuiatsu, or the appropriate 
aux. num. ; fuiatsu to mo. 

hands, rydte. 

parties, soho (雙 方). 

sides (of things and persons), 


Both, conj. 7)10 ; and, mo 

mo ; ni wo cucase'.e ; mo 

mo awaseie. 

Bother , n. mendd (面 ; okkil. 

JBotlier, t.v. komarase'ru ; kurusJu- 
me'ru ; (clim) ni.lsaisoku (權 促) s. 

excuse my ing- you, "but, 

go melwaku (迷惑) nagara, 

1 fear I am always ing 

you, maido go yakkai (厄介) ni 

Bothersome, a. mendd-kusal ; okhu 
na ; (of persons) urusai ; yakkai no. 

Bo-tree, n. hodalju (菩提樹). 

Bottle, n. tokkuri ; Un (壜) ; [a.n. 
hon, 本]. 

gourd, hydtan (擧瓜 覃) ; fukiibe. 

seller, Unya. 

empty , akih'ni. 

feeding , iiba-iradzu. 

large , oUn. 

sake , choshi (姚 子) ; 1 碰- 

dokuri (爛德 利). 

small , ko¥m. 

smelling" , ka(ji-Un. 

Bottle, t.Y. hin ni fsuine-ru ; hin s. 
Bottled, a. hindzume no ; hin-iri no. 
Bottom, n. (of a vessel, river, etc.) 
soko ; (lower part of a thing) shita ; 
(of a net, basket, etc.) shiri ; (of a 
hill) fwnoto. 

of the sea, kaitei (、? 每. 

price, kefchaku (^^) no 

nedan (直 段). 

double (of a ship), niju-zoko 


lie is a good fellow at , ne 

wa, or sMn tea, ii Into da. 
ship's , sentei (船底). 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 102 ] 


Bottomless, a. soko no mi ; (with 
the bottom knocked out) soko-nulce 

Bottomry 5 n. funa-jichl ; sentai- 
shlcMire (船體 it 入). 

Boudoir-size, n. (of photo.) o-gata. 

Bough, n. eda. 

isi'myd-k v:a nJH ( 通 尿 

Bougie, n. 

管 器). 
Boulder, n. iwa. 

Bounce, t.v. to a ball, marl 

wo tsuku. 

Bounce, i.v. to back, hane- 


Bound, i.v. hane-ru ; iohu. 

to back, hane-kacru. 

to up, iohi-agaru. 

13oiliicl, t.v. (act as a boundary) no/ 
sakai ni num. 

to be ed. by (as a country), 

nil sakai shiie oru. 
J5oiiiid, n. (a limit) kagirl ; saigen 

(際限). 、 

at one (fig.)> icMyaJai {—m) 


there are s to one's pati- 
ence, gaman rd mo hodo ga aru. 

there are no s to it, saigen 

no nai koto da. 

Bound, a. & p.p for, -yuki no. 

volume, toji-hon. 

the place one is for, 

mo7 ひ "おお ic/ii (目的地). 
to be to, expr. by an equiva- 
lent of Must : (expressing con - 

miction) hadzu da ; as, lie is 

to come, kuru hadzu da ; he is 

to know, shiraimi hadzu wa 

nai ; (expressing obligation) gimu 
(-^^) ga aru following vb. 

Boundary, n. sakai ; kydkai. 

line, kybkai-sen (境界線). 

mark, kydkal-hyd (境き 標) ; 

jl-zakai no shirushi. 

northern , hokkyo (北境) ; 


within the ies of, no kiiiki- 

nai (區域 內). 

Boundless, a. kagiri no nai ; saigen 
限) no nai ; saUjai (際涯) no nai ; 

mugen (無限) no. 
Bountiful, a. mom-oshimi no nai. 
Bountifully, adv. oshlmadzu ni ; 

taiso ni ; jimtaku (潤 ト翠) ni. 
Bounty, n. (liberality) onkel (恩 惠) ; 

(premium) shoreikin (獎勵 金). 
Bouquet, n. Imna-tciba ; (of wine) 


Bourse, n. * ; torlhikijo. 
Bout, n. (drinking) sakamori ; (wrest- 
ling) tori-kumi ; (fencing, etc.) shiai. 

first , ichiban no shiai. 

Bow, n. (weapon) yumi ; (of a violin) 
yumi ; (of n, necktie) cho-gata (蝶 形). 

a strung" , hari-yumi. 

and arrows, yumi-ya. 

double (knot), ryo-hizaori. 

single , kata-hizaori. 

to bend a , yumi ico liaru. 

to draw the long , hari ico 

ho ni m. 

to have two strings to one's 

, rydiemUn (兩 天种) ico kake'ru. 

to string a , yumidzuru wo 

ham. , 
Bow, n. (of the head) jyji ; (of a ship) 
miyoshi ; hesakl ; omote ; sensku 
首) ; (No. 1 rower) * ; す teijiku 
(艇 軸): 

Bow, t.v. mage-ru ; k 零 me n し 

to the head, atama ico 

sage-ru ; 卞 sttsM-utsumuku . 

Bow, i.v. ojigi wo s. 

to humbly, he')fulcu (平伏) s ; 


Bowflrill, n. mai-kiri. 

JBowel, n. harawata ; vcata ; in com- 
pounds -cho (陽). • 

Bowl, n. hachi ; (earthenware) dom- 
huri ; (for rice) meshi-jawan ; chadzu- 
ke-jawan ; (of a pipe) gan-kuU ; 
(wooden) wan (梳) ; (with a lip to 
facilitate pouring) kata-kuchi ; (a 
bowlful) ippai (一杯); (for rinsing 
wine-cups) haisen (ネ:^?^). 

Bowl, t.Y. korogasu. 

Bow-leg'g'ed, a. icani-cishi no ; soto- 

Hosted by 



[ 103 ] 


Bowler, n. (hat) marugata-hdsM ; 
yamadaka-ljoshi ; (cricket) * ; nage-te. 

Bowmaker, n. yumi-shi. 

Bowman, n. ite. 

Bowshot, n. (distance) yagoro ; 
the enemy could not approach 

to witliin , yagakari made 

teki ga chikayoru koto ga dekina- 

"Bowsprit, n. yarklashl [a.n. hon, 

Bowstring*, n. yumi-dzuru ; tmiru 
[a.n. suji]. 

B o w- will fl ow, n. de-mad 0. 

Bow-wow, n. (child's word) ican- 

Box, n. (a chest, also the quantity 
contained therein) hako ; (made of 
thin wood bent) ori ; (tree) tsuge ; 
(driver's seat) gyosha-dai 又 者臺) ; 
(theatrical) sajiki [upstairs] ; udzu- 
ra ; takadoma [downstairs] [a.n. km, 
軒] ; (space partitioned off for spec- 
tators at a theatre) masu. 

a tier of es (to hold food), 

kumi-futamono [porcelain] ; jiibako ; 

kirl-dame [wooden]. 

contained in a , hako-irl no. 

despatch , hunko (文庫) ; (for 

carrying letters in) fumi-hako ; 


nest of es, ire-ko. 

pilgrim's travelling' (on 

legs), oi. 

to give a on the ears to, 

no/atama wo liaru. 

13 ox, i.v. genJcotsu-uchi ico s ; kento 

(拳 鬪) s. 
Boxer, n. kentdsha {^^^). 

the s, (Iho-cli'iian), fjbmdcm 

(義 和圑) ; kempi (拳 匪). ■ 
Boxmg", n. kento ; kentojutsu (拳 
鬪 術)' 

Box 腳 makei*, n. hakoya. 

JBoxwood, n. tsuge. 

Boy, n. (male child) otoho no ko ; 

danshi (與 子); (lad) shdnm (少年); 
. wakaistii ; (son) 7nusuko ; (shopboy) 

kozo ; detchi ; [the Eng. word is in 

use for the chief man-servant in 
foreign households in Japan]. 

s and girls, donan-ddnyo 

(童兒 童女). ' 
office , kodzukai ; (child em- 
ployed at a public office) kyiiji 

Boycott, t.v. to/torihUci wo kyoze- 
tsu s. 

Boycott, n. * ; haibai-kyozetsu (寶貢 
拒絕) ; torihiki-kyozetsu. 

Brace, n. (a piece of timber) svjikai- 
nuki [a.n. hon, 本] ; (of a drum) 

s, dzubon-tsuri. 

a (of birds, cock and hen), 

hito tsurjai ; (2 birds) ni ica. 

Brace, t.v. (tighten) shime-ru ; shik- 
Icari shime-ru ; (apply a brace to) 
nilshimhari wo kau. 
to back the sleeves (of a 

dress), tasuki wo kake ru. 

Brace, i.v up I genki (元 氣) 

wo dase. 

Bracelet, n. ude-wa. 

Bracken, n. warabi. 

Bracket, n. (fastened to the wall) 
like ; (in printing) Jcwakko (括弧). 

Brackisli, a. sMoppal. 

Brad, n. kugi ; mutd-kugi (無 頭 釘) ; 

Brag*, i.v. taiheiraku (太平 樂) wo iu ; 
koman (高慢) ico iu ; hora ico fuku ; 
o-ouroshiki wo hirogs-ru. ' 

Bragg'art, n. hora-fuki ; kage-lenkei. 

Brag'g'ing", n. nodeppo. 

Brahma, n. Bonten ; Bonten-d (梵 

天 王) ; (fowl) * [one of the species 

of shamo\. 

Bralimanisin, n. Baramon-kyo (波 

羅門教 ). 
Braid, n. jabara. 

gold , kimmdru. 

silver , gimmdru. 

straw , mugiMara-mnada. 

15raid, t.v. amu. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 



[ 104 ] 


Brain, n. no. 

s (concrete), nbdzui (腦隨 ) ; 

rtomiso ; (abstract) ehie. 

disease, nobyo (腦 病). 

…… fever, nbkinslw (腦 掀衝 )• 

concussion of the , ndsMnfo 

(腦 震盪). 

water on the , ndsidshu (腦 


Brain-power, n. ndryoku (3i 力). 

Brake, n. (kind of fern) icarahi ; 
(thicket) yahu ; (mech.) wet-dome ; 
ha-dome ; seiddki (制動機), 
cane , take-yabu. 

Brake-van, n. kicankyusha (緩 
急 車). 

Bramble, n. ibara. 

Brambliiig-, n. atorl 

Bran, n. (rice or barley) 慨 l、'a ; 
(wheat) fusuma. 

Brancli, i.v. (divide) wakare'ru ; 
futatsu ni nam ; (as antlers) eda ni 
natte oru. 

Brancli, n. eda ; (of a family) hunke 
(分家) ; wakare ; (of a river) eda- 
nugare : shiryu (支流) ; (of a firm) 
shiten (支店); de-mise ; shutchojo (出 
張 所) ; (agency) dairiten (代理店) ; 
in compounds often shi- ; as, 

line, shisen (支線). 

of study, gakkwa (學 科). 

road, eda-niichi ; wakare- 


shop, dedana, 

main (of a family) , honke 


Brand, n. (mark) yakMn {j^W ; 
yakiban (燒 利) ; (trade-mark) in ; 
shirushi ; as, eagle , wasJii-m ; 

: (on a criminal) irezumi ; (burning 

: wood) moe-ki. 

Brand, t.v. (mark) nilyaki-in wo s ; 
(a criminal) ni/ire-zumi wo s ; [in 
Japan the oranding of criminals was 
performed by means of tattooing]. 

Brancling^-iron, n. yaki'g 賺. 

Brandisli, t.v. furi-mawasu ; hira- 

to aloft, furi-age-ru. 

Brand-new, a. ara- ; as, a 

pipe, ara-giseru. 

Brandy, n. hurande. 

Brass, n. shinchu. 

Brass-work, n. sUnchu-zaiku (眞 
脑ェ ). 、 
Brave, a. (of persons) tsuyoi ; yilki 
(與氣 ) no aru ; (of actions) isamashii ; 
yuyushii ; ooshii. 

a soldier, yushi (異 士). 

Brave, t. y. (danger) okasu ; also 
expr. by neg. of osore-ru. 

to the winds and waves, 

fuha (風波) ICO shinogu. 
Bravely ,― adv. tsuyoku ; isammhiku ; 
yuyushiku ; ooshiku. 

Bravery, n. yuH (爯氣 ) ; (valour) 

luyu (武勇) ; y 硫 (m (勇敢). 
Bravo, interj. umai, umai ; myo, myo ; 

dekashita, dekashita. 
Brawl, n. sawagi ; sbtd. 
Brawl, i.v. Jcenkica (喧 l^) s ; soto (爭 

鬪) s' 

Brawny, a. ara-kureta. 
a fellow, ara-otoko. 

Bray, i.v. naku. 
Braze, t.v. shincM-rddzuke ni s. 
Brazen-face, n. tetsumempi (鐵面 

Brazen-faced, a. atsukamashu ; 
tetsumempi na ; hbgan (厚顔) na. 

Brazier, n. hihachi ; [different kinds 
are hako-hibachi enclosed in a wooden 
box, called naga-hibachi if oblong ; 
shikaini-hibachi with lion heads for 
legs ; sentoku-hihachi, pot-shaped, of 
blonze. Ankwa is a brazier enclosed 
for safety's sake in a wooden cage]. 

Breacli, t.v. kudzusu. 

Breacli, n. (in a wall) kudzure- 
kuchi ; (quarrel) funaka ; (of rnendly 
relations) haretsu (被 裂) ; (of a law) 
ihan (違犯) ; (of a treaty) ihai (違背). 

of contract, iyaJcu (違約) ; 

keiyaku-ihan (契約 違!^) ; hayaku 

(被 約). _ 
of the peace, cfnan-hof/ai 

(治安 妨害). ノ * 

Hosted by 



[ 105 ] 

prison , haqoku (被 獄) ; hard 

(破牢) ; dafsugoku (脫獄 ). 

to commit a oi, ni/somuku ; 

nil motor u ; 7iijlhan s ; mlUiai s. 

Bread, n. pan ; (as opp. to cake) 

basket, jxtn-ire. 

brown , fusuma no ; pan ; 


daily , rdcMyd (日用) no kate. 

new , dekitate no pan. 

I5rea(lrll, n. haha ; yoko haha ; fnku- 

(幅員); (of a flag) tate. 

length, and , yoko-tate. 

to be within a hair's of 

war, senso ga kiki-ippatsu (危機 一 

髮) no lean ni sematte oru. 
Brealt, i.v. koware-ru ; (into frag- 
ments) kudake ru ; (as, a bottle) icare- 
ru ; (without separating) kvjike'ru ; 
(of a long thing) ore-ru ; (as a string, 
of continuity, relations, etc.) Jcire ru ; 
(of the weather) kawaru ; (of surface 
bubbles) kie-ru ; (of a boil) 7io]kuchi 
ga aku ; tsulmre ru ; (of a boy's voice) 
Jcoe-gawari ga s ; (be nicked) kaJce'ru. 

the clouds are ing*, kiimo- 

gire ga s. 

the day s, yo リ a ake'ru. 

to into, (a house) rd/oshl- 

komu ; ni/osJa-iru ; (as a godown) 

wo/yalndte hairu ; ing into a 

cellar, a na gura-yahuri ; ing" 

into a godown, dozo-yahuri. 

to out, (of war) okoru ; 

hajimaru ; (of an epidemic) hassei 
(缝 生) s ; (of a conflagration) shuk- 
/製 (失; Ac) s. 

to out again (of an epide- 
mic), saihotsu (H^ 發) s. 

to up, (of a meeting) sankicai 

(散き) kaisan (解散) s; (of a 
school) yasumi 7ii nam ; kyuka (沐 
Bg) ni naru ; (as a wreck)' hakicai 
(破 壞) s. 

to with, (of relations), to /en 

《緣) i ド I kire-ru ; tojzekkd (絕 交) s ; 
, iofte-gire ni naru. 

Break, t.v. kowasu ; kudaku ; icariC:, 
kvjiku ; oru ; kaku ; kiru ; hakicai 
(够壞 ) s ; hnsai (被 fi 字) s ; (throw into 
disorder) imaasu ; (a law) oJcasu. 

to a promise, haiyaku (背 

糸 勺) -、 ' 

to a seal, kaifa (開封) s ; 

(improperly) hafil (破 封) s. 

to a seu (in selling), hash; fa 

ni uru. 

to ground (engineering), 

kaisaku (, 鑿) s ; Idkd (|BX) s. 

to in (a horse), shikomu ; 

noH-ire'ru ; narasu. 

to off, oru ; (negotiations) 

hid an (破談 j ni s ; (work, etc.) 
chuzetsu (中^) .9. 

to off friendship, zekko 

(絶交) s. 

to one's promise, yakusoku 

(約束) れ'0 ycihuru. 

to open a grave, haka ico 


to prison, rd ico yaburu ; 

hagoku (破獄) s ; dakkan (3^ 監) s ; 
datsugoku (脫 s. 

to the ice (in introducing a 

subject), kiri-dasu. 

to to pieces, tsiihusu ; mecha- 

meclict ni kowasu. 

to up (for cultivation), 


to up a camp, tetsiiei (徹 


to wind, he ico hiru, or tare- 

ru ; hdhi (放!^) s. 

to be broken, the appropriate 

equiv. for Break, i.v. ; (of railway 

communications, etc.) futsii (不通) 

ni naru ; (torn) yahure-ru. 

to be broken down (in means), 


to be broken off (of negotia- 
tions), hadan (破談) ni naru ; 
haretsu s. 

Break, n. (discontinuity in space) 
kufjiri ; sukiina ; aida ; (in time) ma. 
of day, yo-ake ; ake-gata. 

Breakables, n. koware-mono. 

Breaker, n. (wave) sJi'mi-nmii ; 
(small barrel) midzu-tavu. 

Breakfast, n. (morning) asahan ; 
asameshl ; (mid-day) liirumesiii ; . chu- 

m (晝 食). 

Breakfast, i.v. asahan, etc., ico 

I have ed, mo asahan ga 


Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 106 ] 


1 nave not yet ed, inada 

f/ozen-mae da ; inada asahan-mae 

Break-neck, a. to drive at 

speed, shikku (疾 H) s. 
Break-up, n. (as of a polit. party) 

gicakai {%^). 
Breakwater, n. nami-yoke ; hbha- 

tei (防波堤-) ; (in a river) midzu-yoke. 
Bream, n. tai ; (chrysophrys aries) 
hedai ; (c. hasta) kuro-dai ; (hoplo- 
gnathus fasciatus) ishi-dai ; shima- 
yoko-dai ; (h. punctatus) ishigaki- 
dai ; (lethrinns haematopterus) fue- 
fuki-dai ; (1. richardsonii) meichi-dai ; 
(pagms cardinalis) kasugo-dai ; (p. 
major) aka-dai ; bdai ; (p. tnmifrons) 
Breast, n. (of either sex) mune ; 
(anat.) kyobiL (胸部) ; (of a woman) 
chichi ; ctiibusa ; (of a fowl) dcun-mi ; 
(fig.) kokoro. 

chicken , hato-mune. 

to make a clean •, mune wo 

uchi-ake-ru ; hakujd ( 白 狀) s. 

to seize by the of the 

coat, muna-fjura wo toru. 

Breastbone, n. muna-Ua ; kydkotsu 

Breast- higli, adv. mune made. 
Breastplate, n. mum-ate. 
Breastwork, n. kydheJd (胸壁). 

Kreaxii, n. iki ; [one , hito ikl] ; 

kokyu (呼吸). 
lie is not to be mentioned in 
the same with, (is not com- 
parable to), to/dojitsu ([^日) れ ron 
Itm) ni wa naranu. 

to "be out of , ica]lki ga hire- 


to hold the , iki ico korosu. 

to take , iki ico ire-ru ; (fig.) 

hito-iki wo tsuku ; yasumu. 
without taking" , iki wo 

tsukadzu ni. 

Breathe, i.v. iki ico tsuku. 

to one's last, ica]lkl ga tae- 


to upOD, rdliki wo Icake-ru. 

to with difficulty, expr. by 

iki-fjumsliu [it is painful to ]• 

Breatliiiig", n. iki ; kokyu (呼吸). 

through, the nose, hana- 


Breathlessly, adv. iki wo kirashite ; 
iki wo kitte. 

Breecli, n. sldri ; (of a gun) daijiri ; 
koshin (後: 

Breeches, n. (long) momoshilci ; 
(short) ham-momohiki ; (trousers) dzu- 

Breecli-loader, n. kbsbjfi (後 装 
欽) ; moto-gome-ju [a.n. cho (铤 )]. 

Breed, t.v. sodate-ru ; kau ; shiyo (飼 
養) s- ; (fig., foment) kamosu. 

Breed, i.v. (of insects) v-aku ; (of 
animals) fue-ru. 
to from, nojtane wo toru. 

Breed, n. tane ; in Chinese com- 
pounds -shu ; as, of mixed , 

zasshu (雜 li) no. 

Breeder, n. sUyosha (飼養 者). 

Breeding", n. (nurture) sodate-kata ; 
sodachi ; kybiku (教育) ; (of animals) 
sliiyb ; (manners) shitsuke. 

Breeding-place, n. makiba [a.n. 

for cattle, hpkucMkujo (牧畜 

^) ; ushi-maki. 

Breeding'-time, n. (as of birds) 
sanshoku-Jci (產?^|期). 

Breeze, n. kaze. 

Breezy, a. kaze no oi ; kaze-datsu. 

Brent-g-oose, n. kokugan (黑 雁). 

Bretliren, n. kyddai ; (iacluding 

women) (兄弟 姊 妹). 

Brevier, n. (type) * [corresponds in 

size to Japanese type No. 6, rokugo- 

kicatsuji (六號 活字)]. 
Brevity, n. (shortness) mijikai koto ; 

(conciseness) kantan ; kansetsu 

(簡 節). 

Brew, t.v. jdzd (釀 造) s ; kamosu ; 
(fig.) kamosu. 

Brewer, n.jdzosha (釀導 者); shuzd- 
ka (酒造家) ; sake-tsukurl. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 107 ] 


Brewery, n. jdzdsho (醸造所) ; (of 
sake) sakadzukuri-ha ; saka-gura. 

Bribe, n. wairo (賄賂) ; mainai ; 
hana-gusuri ; sode-no-shita. 

JBribe, t.v. nil wairo wo tsulcau ; ni/ 
mainai ico yarn ; nljesa wo kau. 

Bribe, i.v. wciiro wo tsukau. 

; Bribery, n. wairo. 

affair, shitwai-jUcen (收贿 事 


Bric-a-brae, n. kottd-hin (骨董品). 
Brick, n. rengwa ; rengicaseki (棟武 

s (child's plaything), tsumi-ki. 

tea, dancha (If 

fire , taikwa-rengwa (耐' 人煉 


Brick, a. renrjwa-dzukuH no. 

Bricklayer, n. rengica-tsumi ; ren- 
gwa-shoku ('嫌 瓦 職). 

Brickmaker, n. rengwa-yaki. 
Bride, n. hana-yome. 
J5 ri tie g room, n. hana-imko, 
Briclg'e, n. hashi [a.n. kasho] ; (of 
musical instrtiinent) koma. 

s (general term), kyoryo (橋 


keeper, hashi-han ; hashi- 

mori. • 

of boats, funa-'basM. 

of the nose, hana-svji. 

cantilever , 气 

draw , hane-hashi. 

iron , tetsu-hashi ; tekkyo 


pontoon , uki-hashi. 

stone , ishi-bashi ; sekkyo (石 


suspension , tsuri-hashi. 

swing: , mawarl-bashi. 

temporary , Jcari-bashi. 

the approaches of a , hashi 

no tamoto. 

the sacred (at Nikko), 

(o) mihashi ; 卞 go shinkyo (qi^i^). 

trestle , kachukyo (まき ま). 

two-arched , megane-hashi. 

[other kinds are maru も irbashi, a 

log" , taiko-hashi, or sori- 

hashi, a round-backed, ornamental 

, and mannen-hashi (萬 年 橋), 

a narrow plank erected over 

mountain streams above the reach 
of freshets]. 

J5ridg'e, t.v. nil hashi ico kakeru ; 
nil hashi wo kasetsu (架 p) s. 

to "be d (of a river), ni^iadhl 

ga kakatte oru. 

Bridge-stone, n. mizo-huta-ishi. 

Bridle, n. tadzuna [a.n. hon (本) ; 

Bridle, t.Y. to the passions, 

yoku (慾) ICO sei (制) s. 

Brief, a. te-mijiJcai ; kantan (簡單 ) 
na ; (abridged) ryaku {\^) srdta. 

Briefly, adv. te-mijikaku ; tsumande ; 
kai-tsumande ; te-mijika ni ; kantan 
ni ; ara-ara. 

Briefness, n. kantan. 

Brier, n. hara ; (bramble) iharct, 

I5ri$»acle, n. (mil.) ryodan. 

fire , shoho-gumi ; shobbtai (涫 

防 隊). 

mixed , konsei-ryodan {}^:^ 

旅團 )• 

Brigadier, n. ryodancho {W-M^)- 

Brig-and, n. sanzoku (山賊). 

mounted s, hazoku (馬 賊). 

Briglit, a. aJdraka na ; (full of light) 
akarui ; (of the eyes) suzuyaka na ; 
(cheery) ybki (陽 氣) na ; (of colours) 
hade na ; (of weather) kwaisei (快睛 5 
no ; (intelligent) hi no kiita ; hatsiimel 

eyed, me no putchm shita. 

to "be ....... hikaru. 

Brig'liten, t.v. hikarase ru ; (polish) 
to up, no/tsuya ico clasu. 

Krigliten, i.v. hikatte kuru. 

to up (of weather), hire r u ; 


Brig'litness, n. tsuya ; hikari ; kico- 
ki (光輝). 

Brilliance, n. hikari ; kicosai (光 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 108 ] 


Brilliant, a. (fig.) hanahanashii ; 
kencho (H^) na. 

exploit, ilmn (威 勳). 

to "be , plka-pika s ; tera- 

tera s. 

Brilliantly, adv. (fig.) mxfjoto nl. 

Brim, n.fuchL 

Brimful, a. ijopai (一 称) haitta. 
is , ippai ni natte oru. 

Brimful, adv. ippai ni. 

Brindlefl, a. tora-ge no. 

Brine, n. shio midzu. 

Bring', t.v. (a thing) motie kuru ; (a 
person) tsurete kuru ; (an animal) 
hiite kuru [these distinctions are not 
always observed]. 

to about, (arrange) ni/'hakoU 

u'o tsuke ru ; (accomplish) shi-toge- 
ru ; (cause) kitasu ; shoji-ru (生). 

to across, icatasu. 

to an action, kiso (起訴) s. 

to an action against, uoj 

aite-doru ; ico/uttae-ru. 

to "back, motte kaeru ; tsurete 

kaevu ; (as, an answer) moraite ku- 

to forth, (bear), wnu ; shussno 

(出生) s. 

to forward (a topic), ii- 

dasu ; mdshitate'ru. 

to ...... in, (from outside) torl- 

komii ; (a bill) teishutsu (提 |6) s. 
to ...... on, okosu. 

to out, mochi-dasu ; tsure- 

flas'u ; (a boo]c) s/iwppcm (出版) s ; 
(a -vessel) kwaiko s ; officers 

charged with ing" out a 

vessel, kwaikd-iin (廻 航委晨 )'. 

to over to one's side, tori- 

komu ; li Oclii no mono ni hiki-tsuke- 

to to き ether, (assemble) 

atswne-m ; (join) awase-ru. 

to up, (vomit) haki-dasu ; 

modosu ; (educate) sodate-ru ; kyo- 
iku (教 *) s ; to be brouglit up, 

to upon one's selt, maneku. 

to • ..... with one, jisan (持 寥) s ; 
"Hal (携帶 ) ん 

Br ill gill fi -up, n. sodachi ; sodate- 

Brink, n. kiwa ; Idshi. 

Briny, a. shioppcd. 

Brisk, a. (of persons) haki-haki 
shita ; (of persons and trade) kwap- 
patsu (活 澄) na. 

Brislflv* adv. haki-haki shite ; kiml 

Briskness, n. kwappatsu. 

Bristle, n. kowoi ke ; ara-ge. 

Bristle, i v. to up (lit. and 

fig.), ke ICO sakadate-ru. 
British, a. Elkoku (突 國) ? lo ; Igirisu 

Columbia, Eiryo-Koi-ombia. 

...... India, _£7?,.1!/5-1??(;?0 ( 英頜 印度). 

subject, Mkoku-shimmin 

國 臣民). 

Brittle, a. moi^oi ; koware-yasui. 

Broacll, t.v. (a cask) no/kuchi ico 
aJce-ru ; (a topic) ii-dasu ; (a secret) 
Jcuchi-hashiru ; Icogicai (l^ 夕 卜) s; 
?膽' asw. 

Broad, a. haba no hiroi ; hiroi ; (of 
piece goods) b-hdba no. 

gauge, kwdkidd (廣 |){ 道). 

in daylight, hakuchu (白 

幫) れ i ; mappiruma ni ; hiru-hinaka 

it is an inch , haba ica issun 

da. ' 

Broafl-minded, a. kokoro, or hara, 

no okii ; tairyo (大量) na. 
Broad- shoulder ed, a. kata no 

hiroi ; kata no hatta. 
Broadside, n. henqen-seihatsu (婦般 

齊發) • 

Broadw ise, adv. yoko ni. 
Brocade, n. (name of an import) 

mon-kanakin ; (Japanese) nislnki. 

CMnese , kara-nishiki. 

gold , kinran {^^). 

Kyoto (one kind), nishijln-ori 

(西陣 織). _ 
silver , ginran (銀 

Broil, t.v. aljuru. 

Hosted byV^OOQle 


[ 109 ] 


Broiling*, a hot, kogeru yd ni 


weather, enten (炎天). 

Hrokeu-backefl, a. koshi-nuke no. 

to be , im] koshl ga nukete 


Broken-w ind, n. nalra, 

Brokeii-wincled, a. naim-ke no 


Broker, n. nakadacJdmn [Com. Co.] ; 

brokerage, n. (commission) kosen 
(口 錢); tesiiryQ (手數 料); (business) 
nakadacM-eigyb (仲 立 管槳) [Com. 

Bromide of potassiinii, shuso- 

1 暫 i (臭素 加里). 

Bromine, n. sMso. 

Bronchial- tubes, n. kikicanshi (氮 
管 支). 

Bronchitis, n. kikwanshi-en (氣管 
支 炎) ; kikwanshi-kataru. 

Bronze, n. kara-kane ; seidb (靑 銅). 
statue, dbzd (ま 像). 

Brooch, n. eri - dome ; mune-kctzari. 

Brood, i.v. (mentally) mono-omoi wo 
s ; kuyo-kuyo omou, 

to over, utsu-utsu kanfjae-ru ; 

ku ni s. 

Brood-mare, n. tam-meuma. 
Brook, n. kogawa. 

Broom, n. (cytisus) enishida ; (for 
sweeping) kusa-hdki [general name 

for s made of stalks]. 

bamboo , taka-hdJci. 

millet-stalk , morokoshl- 


palmetto-fibre , shuro-hokl. 

; Broomstick, n. hdki no e. 
Bros, n. (brothers) kyddai-shdkicai 
弟 商 會). 

Broth, n. shlru ; tsuyu ; dashi ; 
" soppu." 

too many cooks spoil the , 

hito bkereha koto naradzu. 

Brotliel, n. jdroya (女 屋) ; yiljoya 
(遊女 屋) ; kashi-z^cshilH (貸' 坐 敷) ; 
giro (妓樓 )• 

quarter, kurmm ; yukicaku 

(遊 靡). 

to go to a ..... , toro (登 樓) s ; 

Brother, n. kyddai (51 弟); (one's 
fellowman) dobo (同胞) [esp. in sense 
of compatriot], 

s tog-ether, kyddai-ddshl. 

elaer ....... ani ; ani-san ; an'i-Ki ; 

(honorific) o ani-san. 

younger , ototo ; shatei ; 

(honorific) otdto-(/o ; f/o shatei (御 舍 

弟). . . 

Brotlier-iii-law, n. (elder sister's 
husband) ane-muko ; gikei (義兄); 
(younger sister's husband) imoto- 
muko ; gitei (義弟). 

brothers-in-law, (jikyddai (義兄 
弟). . 
Brotlierly, a. kyddai no yd na ; kyo- 
dm-f/ara no ; kyddal-ddyd (51 弟 固椽) 

Brow, n. mayu ; (eye-brow) mayii-ge. 

to knit the s, hachi no ji (字) 

wo yose-ru ; mayu wo Jdsome-ru. 

Browbeat, t.v. tol-fsume-ru ; najiru ; 
kitsumon (詰問) s. 

Brown, a. (light) toU-iro no ; cha-iro 
no ; ehakasshoJcu (茶 ffj 色) no ; (red- 
dish) shibu-iro no ; (chestnut) kuri- 
iro no ; [akai is often loosely used 

for ; as, boots, akai 


dark , ankasshoku (暗竊 色) 


Brown, n. toln-iro ; cha-iro ; shibu- 

Krowii, t.v. to a rifle barrel, 

jushin (就; H) ic'O ranshoku (藍色) 
ni s. 

Bruise, n. uchl-kidzu ; ddbokushd (打 
撲藤) ; (trace of) aza. 

Bruise, t.v. my arm is d from 

a blow, ude wo hutarete aza ni 
natte oru. 

Brunt, n. to bear the of the 

attack, kdgeki (攻擊 ) no slid (衝) 
ni ataru. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 110 ] 


Brush, n. hake ; (European) hurashi ; 
(for writing Japanese) /wde. 

hearth , (of palmetto fibre) 

shuro-'bbki ; (of stubble) kicojim- 

paint , e-hake. 

scrubbing , tawashi, 

Brusli, t.v. haku ; (boots) migaku ; 
(the hair) tokasu ; (clothes) ejhuraslii 
wo kake-ru ; no/gomi wo otosu. 

to aside, yoko ni harau ; 


to away, harau. 

to out (a room), nojgomi wo 


Brush, i.v. to against, nil 


BriisllWOod, n. (standing) shigemi ; 
(cut) soda. 

Brusque, a, sokkenai. 

Brusquely, adv. sokkenaku. 

Brussels-sprouts, n. me-kdbeji. 

Brutal, a. zankoku na ; zannin na ; 
zangyaku na ; satsuhatsu na ; yahan 
{MWt) れひ. 

Brutality, n. 雄 koku (殘 @ 告 h ^^n- 
riin (殘 忍、); zangyaku (殘虐 ) ; satsu- 
hatsu (殺 f 戈). 
Brutally, adv. eqniv. of Brutality 
foil, by ni. 

to be murdered, zansatsu 

(殘 殺) sare-ru. 

to treat , gyalcutai (虐待) s. 

Brute, a courage, Mppu (匹 

夫) wo yu (勇). 
Brute, n. chikusno 
Brutish, a. jitshin (獸 心) no. 
Bubble, n. al)uku ; midzu-tama ; aim ; 
(on surface of liquid) awa. 

to burst like a (come to 

nothing), midzu no awa ni nam. 
Bubble, i.v. icayibuku ga tafsu ; 

IBnbo, n. yokone ; heiidoku (使 每) • 
Bubonic plague, " pesto ,, ; koku- 

shibyd (黑 死病) • 
Buck, n. o-jika [a n. hiki (匹)]. 

Bucket, n. te-oke. 
well , tsuruhe. 

Bucketful, n. one , te-oke 

ippai (—称). 
Buckle, n. hijo-gane ; shime-gane. . 
! Buckle, t.v. no/hijo-gane wo shime'ru. 
Buckskin, n. shika no kawa. 

Bucktliorn, n. (rliamnus .laponious) 


Buck up, i.v. genki (元 氣) ico dasu ; 

isei (威 wo tsuke-ru. 
Buckwheat, n. sdba. 

pure , kisoha (生 薷麥 ). 

Bu(l, n. (of a flower) tsubomi ; (of a 

leaf) me. 

Burt, i.v. wa] tsubomi ga de-ru ; ica\ 
me ga de-ru ; me wofuku ; megumu. 

JBud, t.v. m/me ico tsugu ; nilme-tsiigi 
wo s. 

Buddha, n. Hotoke ; Nyorai ; (Gau- 
tama) Shaka (釋 ミカ IJ) ; Butsu (佛 )• 
-.… ,s death, Mhan (涅 紫). 

,s disciples, Rakan (戯漢 ). 

large image of a , Daibutsu 

(大佛 ). 

the five s, Gochi-nyorai (五知 


Bucldliaiziug', a. hutsu-jimita. 

Buddhism, n. Bukkyb (佛教 ) ; I? ゆ- 
V'o (怫 法) ; Butsudd (佛 道). 

Bufldliist, n. Bukkyd-shinja ; Buk- 
kyo-shinto (怫教 信徒) ; Bukkybto. 

Buddlilst, a. Buppo no. 

canon, issai-kyo (一切 經). 

idol, Sutsuzo (佛 像). 

monastery, 《ぼ れ (寺院》 

picture, Butsugwa (饰 

priest, hdzu (坊主) ; osho (和 

尙); so (tt). . ^ 

scriptures, JSukkyo (佛經 ). 

temple, BuUudb (怫 堂) ; ga- 

ran (枷 藍) ; (in wide sense) tera ; 
[as a rule a Buddhist temple has 
two names, one ending in -ji (寺), 
the other in -san (山)]. 

Budge, i.v. ugoku. 

will not an incJi (fig.), ippo 

(- ー步) mo shirizokanai. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 111 ] 


Budget, n. yosan-an (豫 案) ; yomn. 

supplementary , tsuika- 

yosan (追加 豫 算). 

Buff, a. (colour) gamjyi-iro no. 
Buffalo, n. ycifwfi 牛) [a.n. hiki 
(匹)]. ' 
water , suu/ya (tJc^). 

Buffer, n. kiccnishoki (緩衝器) ; 滅れ- 
doJci (軟動 器). 

state, cJmkan-koku (中間 國); 

kanshd-koku (于 國). 
Buffoon, n. (professional) hokcm 
間); taiko-mochi ; (general) odoke- 

! Bug", n. nankin-miishi. 
Bugbaue, n. aicaho. 

Bugle, n. rappa (bJiJH) ; (ajuga de- 
cumbens) kikuha no jiini-hitoe. 

call, goon (M 昔、' 

to sound a , raiovcL wo fuku. 

Bugler, n. rappashu (卿 9^ 飞手) ; rappa- 

Buglewee(l, n. ezo-kosMrom. 
! Bugioss, n. ushi no shitagusa. 
Build, t.Y. tate-ru ; fushin (簦 請) s ; 
kenchiku (建築) s; (a fort, etc.) 

Icidzulm ; (a vessel) hoshirae-ru : kenzb 
(建造) s. 

built into the wall (as of 

shelves), tsukuri-tsuke no. 

to a temple, tera wo kom'yil 

(建立) s. 

to up again (fig., pne's coun- 
try's fortunes, etc.), saiko (再興) s. 
]3llilcl, i.Y. fushin wo s. 

is in course of ing, fushin- 

(蒈請 中) cZa. 
Build, n. (manner of building) tate- 
kata ; (of body) taikaku (体格). 

of large , d-gara no. 

sliip of J apanese , nihon- 

gata-sen ; icasen (jfH 船). 
Builder^ n. (contractor) kenchiku- 
ukeoinin ; kencMkunin (建^ 人); 
(mason) ishiya ; (carpenter) daiku. 
Building-, n. (act of) fushin ; ken- 
chiku ; zdei (造 營) ; (the fabric) tate- 
mono ; kasaku (余 作); (of a vessel) 

s (general term), kaoku (家屋). 

…… land, iakuehl (宅地). 

materials, kenchiku-yozai (建 

築 用材). 

new (annexe of an hotel), 

sldnkican (新 重き). 

Bulb, n. 7ie [lit. root] ; tama ; (of a 
thermometer) kyfi {^). 

Bulbiil, n. brown-eared , hiyo- 


Bulg-e, i.v. to out, haramu ; 


Bulk, n. (largeness) kasa ; (dimen- 
sions) okisa ; (cargo) ra ; (quantity, 
of goods) ybseki (容積). 

in (without covering), imiki- 

dash i ni. 

the greater , dkata ; tahun 


Bulkhead, n. kakuheki (隔壁) ; sM- 

Bulky, a. kasahatta. 
to be , kasaharu. 

Bull, n. o-usU [a.n. hiki (匹)]; 
(com.) kaiya. 

the (astron.), Icingyuhyu (金 

牛 宫). 

Bulldog, n. kenlcim-imi (喧哮 犬). 
Bullet, n. tama ; dangican (彈 丸). 

mould, keikaku (型 核). 

expanding' , kaiten-dangican 

(開 展彈 丸), 

shrapnel s, sandan (霰 彈). 

stray , sore-dama ; ryndan (流 

§ 單) ; nagare-dama. 
Bulletin, n. (doctor's) ybdai-gahi (夸 

書) ; ^bydshd-ji—hi (病牢 日 誌) ; hyd- 
sho-kiji (俩宋 Hti 事); (mil.) rikunun- 
koho (陸軍 公報). ' 

Bull-light, n. togyugi (鬪 牛戯 )• 
Bullfinch, n. teriuso. 
eastern , uso. 

Bullfrog", n. hiJci-gaeru. 

Bullion, n. (uncoined gold or silver) 

Id , Jcinkicai (金塊). 

ver , ginkicai (銀塊). 

Bullueck, n. ikuU. 
Bullock, n. o-ushi ; (ox) ushi. 
Bull's-eye, n. (of a target) hoshi. 


Hosted b ん 00 ヌ 


[ 112 ] 


Bully, t.Y. ijime-ru. 

ing" tlie weak, yowai-mono- 

ijime. • 

to a man out of his 

opinion, muri ico itte hito ico 
shitagawase-ru. _ , 

to into, nniri ni — yd ni 

oshi'tsuke-ru ; ico/muri-djo sase-ru. 

Bully, n. dbare-mono ; hokaku (暴 客). 

Bullying", n. yowaimono-ijnne. 

Bulrusli, n. (Japanese ) gama ; 

(typha angustifolia) hime-gama ; (lake 
club-rush) futo-i. 

Bulwark, n. {n{iut.)funa-hata;funa- 
huchi ; nami-yoke ; (rail) tesuri ; (fig.) 
hampei (藩 屏). 

Bumble-bee, n. kumabacld. 

Bumboat, n. shokurydsen (食料 船). 

Bummalo, n. sayori. 

Bump, i.v. ataru ; huttsukaru ; (au- 
dibly) dosJii-doshi ataru. 

Bump, t.v. hutsuke-ru. 

to heads together, hachi- 

aicase wo s. 

Bump, n. kobu. 

of wisdom (on Amiaa's 

brow), hyakugo (白毫 )• 

Bumpkin, n. country , miiku- 

dori ; aka-getto [lit. red blanket]. 
Bumptious, a. naniaiki na. 
Bumptiously, adv. namaiki ? li. 
Bumptiousness, n. namaiki, 
Bim, n. (containing sugared beans) 
manjil (jgM) ; 舰]? き ; [the latter are 
not quite as soft as the former]. 

Bunch, n.fusa. 

a of grapes, hudd hitofusa. 

Bund, n. kaigan-dbri (海岸 通). 

Bundle, n. (parcel) tsutsumi ; (in a 
cloth wrapper) furoshiki-dzutsumi ; 
(of sticks, straw, etc.) taba ; wa ; 

to make (sticks, etc.) into a , 

tahane-ru. - 
Bundle, t.v. to -.… • together, 


to up, tsutsumu. 

Bung-, n. sen (检 ). 

Bungalow, n. hiraya. 
Bung--liole, n. de-fjucU. 
Buiigie, t.v. yari-sokonau. 
Bungler, n. heta ; hebo. 
Bungling*, a. (unskilful) hukiyd (不 
器用) na ; (clumsily made) husaiku 
(不^ ェ) na ; fu-teglwa no. 

Bunker, n. coal , seJdtanso (石 

l^lt") ; sekitan-gura ; sekitanko (石 
炭 庫) ; dampro [coolie's term]. 
Bunting*, n. (flag-cloth) hata-fu (旗 
布). . 
Bunting', n. (emberiza elegans) mi- 
yama-hojiro ; (e. sulphurata) nojlko ; 
(e. variabilis) kuroji ; sumiyaki. 

Japan meadow , Jiojiro. 

masked , aojL 

painted , hd-aka. 

ruddy , shima-nojiko. 

rustic , kashiradaka. 

snow , yuici-hojiro. 

thickbilled reed , d-jurin. 

yellow-breasted , shima- 

aoji ; chosen-aoji. 

Yezo , nahe-kamuri ; kojurin. 

Buoy, n. fuhyd (浮標); uJd-jirushi ; 

(of an anchor) uke. 
Buoy, t.Y. (keep afloat) ukase-ru ; 

(mark by buoys) nilfuhyo wo tsuke-ru. 
Buoyant, a. (tending to float) yoku 


Bur, n. (general) toge no mi ; ho (截) 
[scientific term] ; (of chestnut) ega ; 
iga ; (of the common agrimony) inu- 

Burden, n, (load) ni ; (trouble) 
nangi (雛 儀) ; (of a tax, etc.) futan 
(擔資 ) ; (of proof, etc.) gimu (義務) ; 
(responsibility) seme ; sekinin (責任) ; 
(of a ship, in tons) tonsil (P 頓 鼓) ; (in 
koku) kokusii (石 li). 

of 50 tons , gojitton-dzumi no. 

to become a to, nojyakkai 

(/g-^) ni nam. 
Biircleiisome, a. nangi na ; ky f い 

kutsu (窮屈) tia. 
Burdock, n. gobo (牛勞 )• 
Bureau, n. (sub-dept.) kyoku (局); 

hu (^) ; as, mining' , kicdzan- 

kyoku (鑛山 局). 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 113 ] 


Burglar, n. yatb (夜盗) ; oshi-komi ; 
gozo ; [the latter two are not confined 
to night-robbers]. 

Burglary, n. yakan (夜間) ? w goto ; 
yato ; oshi-komi ; goto. 

Biirgromaster, n. shicho (市長) ; 
(gull) shiro-icamome. 

Burial, n. maiso (聊 ) ; (funeral) 
tomurai ; sorei (祭 ijt) ; in CMnese 

compounds .90- ; as, rites, sd- 

shiki (葬式). 

permit, maisd-ninkashd (MM 

認可 證). . 

service, maisoshiki. 

Biirial-grouncl, n. hakaba ; hochi 
(墓地); maisocU (埋葬地); (of a 
family) hodaisho (菩 jfe 所) [a.n. kasho]. 

Kuriii, n. ta-gane. 

Biirmali, n. Birunm (额 匈). 

Burn, n. yakedo ; kwashb (i/c 蕩). 

13 urn, t.v. yaku ; mosu ; moyasu ; 
(scorch) kogasu ; (cauterize) yaku ; 
(a criminal) ahuri-korosu. ' 

to a town (in war), machi wo 

yaki-uchi s. 

to coal, sekitan wo taku. 

to down (purposely), saki- 

harau ; to be t down, sho- 

shitsu (燒 失) s ; yake-ochi'ru ; (of a 
mud godown) ochi'ru. 

to one's self, yakedo s. 

to be t out, yake-dasare-ru. 

to be t to death, yake-sUnu ; 

shbshi (燒 死) s. 

to up, yaite shimau ; yaki- 

sute-ru ; (firewood, etc.) taki-tsuku- 

su ; to be t up, yakete shinmu, 

Kuril, i.v. (blaze) moe-ru ; (be con- 
sumed by fire) yake-ru ; (be scorched) 
koge'ru ; (have a sensation of heat) 
piri-piri s ; (smart) shimi'ru. 

tJtie candle s quickly, rb~ 

soku no tohori ga hayai. 

to out* (of a candle, etc.), 

tatsu ; tatte shimau. 

to make , mosu, 

JBiirnet, n. chiyu ; eUne ; dangohana ; 
garden , ayarae-tamii. 

Burning", a. yakeru yd na ; hageshii. 

glass, hitori-megane. 

…二., point, (of converging rays) 
shdtm (焦 雷き j [used also fig.] ; (com- 
bustion point) hakkwaten (き ij/c 點). 

JBiiriiisli, t.v. migaku. 

Burnt-offering-, n. hansal (焚 災). 

BurroAV, t.v. mogwii ; horn. 

Burrow, i.v. fsuchl ico horu ; tsuchi 
wo mo guru. 

Burrow, n. ana. 

Burst, n of passion, fungeki 


Burst, i.v. sake'ru ; (of a bomb, etc.) 
haretsu (破裂) 5 ; (as a bottle) kowa- 
re-ru ; (of a boil) fukkiru ; (of a 
blister) nojkuehi ga aku ; (of clothes) 
yaoure-ru ; hari-Jciru ; hari-sake-ni. 

to into (enter uproariously), 

e/abare-komu ; eirannyu (亂 入) s ; 

e/chlnnyu (g|X) s, 

to into tears, icatto naki- 


to open, (of a flower) hokoro- 

hu ; (of ripe fruit) emi-icare-ru. 

to out a second time (of 

fire), sai-kae-ru ; okorl-kae-ru. 

to out of, yori/fiiJci-dasu ; (a 

house) icoltohi-da'su. 

isurst, t.v. soku ; yaburu. 

to in, oshi-kowasu. 

JBiiry, t.v. (in the groimcl) ume-ru ; 
udzume'ru ; ike-rii ; (a corpse) maiso 
(埋葬) s ; homuru ; ike、ru ; ume-ru. 

to alive, iki-ume ni s. 

to in water, suiso (水葬) s. 

Burying-, n alive, iki-wm. 

BilSli, n. (shrub) kicaniboku (灌 7k) 
[a.ii. kahu] ; (vintner's sign) saka- 

Busliel, n. eqiiiv. to 1 お 9 sho 5 go 

Sjaku 3 sai. 

Kusliy, a. shigetta ; habari no yoi ; 
(of the beard) musha-musha to haeta* 
to become , habaru. 

BusilieSvS, n. (work, affair) yd ; ydji 
(用事) ; sUqoto ; ydmuki (用 向); jimu 
(事務); oydmu (業務); (calling) ka- 
Uyo (家業) ; tosei (渡世) ; (profession) 
shokugyd (職業) ; eigyd (營 業) ; (mer- 

Hosted by^^OOQle 


cantile calling) shogyo (商業) ; (trade) 
shohai (商 寶); (an industry) jiyyo ; 
(dealings) torihiki ; (matter, question) 
koto ; ji/cen (事件); ifc/ce れ (一件). 

hours, shitsumu-jikan (執務 

時閬) ; eigyd-jikan. 

tax, elgyd-zei (營業 税). 

year, jigyd-nendo (事業 年 flj. 

commercial (i.e. job), shoyo 


conversation on , yoaan 


I have there, asuko ni yd 

ga aru. 

I have come on , yo ga atte 

mairimashita. - 

it is none of your , omae no 

shiita koto ja nai ; omae no kwan- 
kei (關 係) su-heki koto de wa nai ; 
a] though it is none of my …… , 
yokei na koto da ga. 

'it is not my (diity), icata- 

kushi no kakarl de wa nai. 

no admission except on ! 

muyb (M^) no mono iru hekaradzu. 

ordinary , jdmu (常務). 

practical man, jitsugydka 

(實業 家) • - - r^^. 7- 

- public , koyo (公用); komu 


to be in the habit of doing 

(trade) with, tolshijii torihiki 

wo s. 

to close a , heiten (ifi 店) s. 

to make a . …-. of, wojgyd (H) 
to s. 

to open a ..... ., kaigyo (開業) s ; 

ugyd mm) 。 -. . 一 

wliat is your ..,...? nam go yo 

desu ka. ... 

go and ask him what his ...... 

is, nan no yd de kita ka tadzunefe 

Bust, n. hanshinzd (半; i 像). 

Bustard, n. great , nogan. 

Hustle, n. sawagi ; zatto (雜杳 ) ; 
(cheerful) nigiwai. . 
to be in a ....... sawagu ; (of a 

person, flurried) awate-ru ; (of a 
place) gota-gota s. 

IBustling", a. (person) saicagashii ; 
(place) nigiyaka 亂 

BUT _ 

Busy, a. isogashii ; seicashii ; (of 
trafec) himpan (鎮繁 ) na. 
I am sorry to have troublea 
you when you were , o iso- 
gashii, or tabo na, tokoro wo o jama 
wo itashimashita. . 

I am too to see him just 

now, ima d-torikomi da kara o me 
ni kakarenai. . . 

I have been too ...... lately to 

g-o out, konaida-ehu yd ga dkute 
soto e derare-nakatta. 

to be , tori-komu ; tayo (多用) 

de aru ; tabo (多 ft) de aru ; hamoo 
(繁忙) dearit. 

Busy, t.v. to one's self about 

(an undertaking), rdlhomd (奔走) s. 
Busybody, n. sewa-yaki. 
But, conj. (yet) shikashi ; shikashi 
nagara ; ga at the end of a clause ; 
(only) tada, or tatta, followed by 
hakari, or Jciri ; (except) no hoka oil. 

,, for, de nakereba. 

...... still, da ga; da keredomo ; 

keredomo. . 

cannot , yori hoka wa nai. 

I have one, hi'totsu shika 


I have nothing' ...... this, kono 

hoka ni nani mo nai. 

nothing' a joke, lion no 


there is nothing' for it to 

go. iku yori hoka wa nai. 

Butcher, n. niku-ya (肉屋); ushi-ya. 

Butcher, t.v. (cattle), tsuhusu ; 
(brutally murder) gyakusatsu (虐殺) s. 

Butclier-Mrd, n. (shrike) mozu. 

Butcher's-broom, n. nagi-ilcada. 

iButchery, n. (shambles) togyvba 
(屠 牛 塲); ifosa お M&a (屠殺 塲); (mas- 
sacre) gyakusatsu. 

Butler, n. (in a nobleman's house- 

. hold) zemlu (瞎 夫). 

Butment, n. (of a bridge) hashi-dai. 

Butt, n. (bank of earth) adzuchi : 
(target) mato ; (cask) d-daru ; (object 
of merriment) wdrai-mono ; (of a 
gun) dai. 

end of , daijiri. 

small of ....... nigirl 

[ 114 ] 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 115 ] 


Butt, t.v, atama de tsuku. 

Butter, n. hata. 

fresh , shin-bata. 

tinned , kwan-hata. 

Buttercup, n. kimpbge (会 鳳 花); 
iima no ashigata. 

Buttered, a. hata-nuri no. 

Butterfly, n. cho (蝶) ; cho-cho [a.n. 
龍 ; hiki]. 

net, iaho. 

Kuttocks, n. shiri ; ketsu ; (single) 

projecting" ....... detchirl. 

■Button, n. hotan ; (knob, of a 
drawer, etc.) tsumami ; (to retain 
tobacco-pouch, etc., at belt) netsuke. 

Button, t.v. no/boian wo kake-ru. 

Button-llOle, n. hotan no ana. 

Button-liook, n. hotan-kake. 

Buttress, n. tsumhari. 

to support by a , niltsumbari 

ICO ka'u. 

Buxom, a. gwanjo (頑丈) na. 
Buy, t.v. kau ; motome-ru ; torn ; (on 
a large scale) kokyu (購求) s ; konyu 
(購 人) s ; (stock in trade) shi-ire'ru ; 
no/shikomi wo s ; (bribe) haishu 
(貢 收) s. 

to and keep, katte oku. 

to a pig" in a poke, kal- 

kahuri wo s. 

to ...... back, fcai-modosu. 

to for a mere song, sutene 

ni kau. 

to for cash, genkin (j^ 金) 

de kau. ' 

to in, kai-toru. 

to on credit, kake de Jcau: 

to up, haishu (貢 收) s ; kai- 

komu ; (of govt.) kai-age-ru ; (the 
whole of a number of things) icai- 
shime-ru ; (all the places in a 
carriage, etc.) kai-kiru. 

Buyer, n. (customer) kai-te ; (one 
wishing to buy) nozomi-te ; (as dist. 
from seller) kai-kata ; (one who has 
bought) kai-nushi. 

Buying' and selling, uri-kai ; 
Ijaibai (寶 貫). 

Buzz, i.v. (of an insect) humhv.n naru ; 
(as machinery) humhun iu. 

Buzzard, n. nosurL 

eagle , kuma-taka. 

honey , hachi-kuma. 

Japan , aka-nosuri. 

Javan , sashiba. 

rough-legged , keashi-no- 


By, prep, (near) no soba ni ; no icaki 

ni ; as, sit me, watakushi no 

soba ni o kake nasai ; (not later 
than) made ni ; made ; as, I shall 

be ready 10 o'clock, juji made 

ni shitaku ga dekimasho ; that 

time, sore made ; (through the agency 
of) ni ; no tame rd ; as, lie was 

bitten a dog", inu ni kamareta ; 

lie was killed dacoits, doM 

(土匪) no tame ni korosareta ; (bv 

means of) de ; de motte ; as, boat, 

fune de ; land, oka de ; riku 

(陸) de ; sea, fimaji de ; (by- 

way of) wo hete ; kara ; wo tdtte ; as, 

he entered the window, 

mado kara haitfa ; (by virtue of) ni 

yotte ; as, treaty, joyaku ni 

yotte ; jdyakvjd (條約 上); (near to, 
in passing) no mae wo ; no kinjo wo ; 

as, I passed the temple, tera 

no mae wo forimashita ; (with a ver- 
bal noun in English) gerund in 
Japanese ; if there is an implied hy- 
pothesis a conditional construction is 
used; as, he was killed ...... fall- 
ing" from the roof, yam kara ochite 
shinda ; you will hurt yourself 

smoking too much., amari 

tahako wo nomu to o karada no gai 
ni naru dard ; (in comparisons) hodo : 

dake ; as, is longer 10 feet 

than , yori jisshaku hodo nagai ; 
(in specifying dimensions) ni ; as, 

6 feet 3, sanjaku ni rokushaku, 

and , nochihodo ; ( shortly- 
after) yagate. 

far, haruka ni. 

one's self (alone), hltor'i de ; 

(without help) hitor'i de loa. - 

the way, toeJm (途中 ) ; 

(introducing a topic) 'tsukanu koto 
desu ga. 

day day, liihi ni ; when an 

idea of increase of degree is present 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 116 ] 


■mashi ni is suffixed to the nonn ; 

as, hi-mashi ni、 day day 

more ; toshi-mashi ni, year 

year more. 

N, E., kita sukoshi higashi ; 

hoku-U-tb (北徽 東). 

one one, hitotsu-dzutsu [or 

instead of hitotsu the appro- 
priate aux. num.] ; hitotsu-hitotsu 
ni. , 

to calculate the day, M- 

wari de kanjo (勘定) s. 

to come (acquire), te ni iru 

[E. obj. や J. subj.] ; as, how 

did you come that book 2 

S0710 hon ica do shite o te ni iri- 

to hire the hour, jUcan- 

fjime de yatou. 

to sell the pound, ikJcin 

{—fx) de uru. 

By, adv. to lay money, kane 

wo tame-ru. 

to put , shimau ; katadzu- 


to pass , ton-sugi-ru. 

Bye, by the , toki ni ; tsuide ni ; 

tsuide ivxgara. 
Bye-law, n. hisoku (規則) ; (rule 
relating to details) saisoku (細則). 

By 隱 election, n. hoketsu-senkyo (铺 
欠 選 擧). 

; Bygone, a. sugi-satta. 

Bvffone, n. let s be s, sugi- 
satta koto wa torikeshi ni shiyb ja 
nai ka. 

By-path, n. kando (間道). 
By-road, n. waki-michi ; nuke-michi. 
Bystander, n. waki ni tatte iru hito ; 
kenibutsunin (見物人). 

to send away the s, hito- 

harai wo s. 
By-street, n. ura-dori ; (cross-street) 


C, (ennmerative) hei (丙). 

Cab, n. hasha (馬車). 

Cabal, n. toto (徒 翳) ; toyo (黨與 )• 

Cabalistic, a. himitsu (秘密) no; 
okugi (奥義) no am. 

Oalbbag'e, n. * ; hotan-na ; ha-hotan. 

Calbin, n. (hut) koya ; (in a ship) 
senshitsu (I ^室). 

first class , joto-shitsu (上等 


Cabin-boy, n. {senshitsu no) kyuji 
(給仕). ' 

Cabinet, n. (council of state) naika- 
ku (內閣 ); (ditto, in early years of 
Meiji) dajbkwan (太 政官) [composed 
of Dajd-daijin (太 政大 ま), Sadaijin 
Cfe^ 臣), & 漏 jin (右大臣), and a 

certain number of Sangi (参議) or 
councillors] ; (ditto, under the Shogu- 
nate) goroju (御:^ 中); (furniture) 
tansu (镇 き). 

council, naikaku-kwaigi (内 

閣會議 ). 

Cabinet-maker, n. kagushi (家具 
肺) ; sashimono-shi ; sashimono-ya. 

Cabinet- size, (of photo.) cMgata. 

Cable, n. ddzuna ; (of an anchor) ika- 

one (nautical measure), ichi- 

ren (一 鏈). 

submarine , kaitei-denseh (海 

底 電線). ' 

Cackle, i.v. (of birds) naku ; saedzu- 
ru ; (tattle) hakabanashi wo s ; sae- 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 117 ] 


Cactus, n. shahoten ; sappd. 

[a large in the Loochoo islands 

is called Bora]. 

Cadaverous, a. yase-koketa ; shibito 
no yd Oi^) na. 

countenance, shibito-dzura. 

Caddis, n worm, sukumo-mu- 

shi. . 

Caddis -fly, n. fukuganl. 

Cadence, n. (fall of the voics) yolcw 
on (抑 昔) ; yokuyd (抑揚). 

Cadet, n. (son) hassM (末子) ; 
(naval) kaigun-seito け每軍 生徒) ; kai- 
gun-heigakkd-seito (海軍 兵學校 生徒). 

C adet-f amily, n. hekke (別家) ; hun- 
ke (分家). 

Cadg'e, i.v. isdrd s ; shokkaku (食客) 
- wo s. 

Cage, n. (for animals) orl ; (for birds) 

Cairn, n. ishidzuka. 

Caisson, n. sensui-hako (潜水 函) ; (for 
ammunition) danyakusha 拿^ 車) • 

Cajole, t.v. ni/hetsurau ; ni/kohi-ru ; 
nilomone-ru ; nojkigen wo torn ; loo/ 
kuchi-guruma ni nose-ru. 

Cake, n. kicashi ; (a concrete mass) 
katamari ; (hard) hi-gwashi ; (made of 
mochi) mochi-gwashi. 
sponge ......, kasutera. 

Cake, t.Y. kaiamaru. 

Pakya-Mimi, n. Shaka-muni (釋 
迦牟 尼). 

Calabash, n.fukube ; hyotan (萌 M)- 
Calamitous, a. sainan (災難) na ; 
fukd (不幸) na ; fushiawase na. 

O alamit OUSly, adv. itamashiku ; 
aicare ni ; fukd ni ; kanashiku. 

Calamity, n. sainan (災難) ; fukd 
(不幸) ; saigai (災害) ; loazawai. 

Calcareous, a. ishibai no ; seki- 
kwaishitsu (お 灰 質) no ; ishihai no oi. 

Calcination, n. eqmv. of Calcine 
foil, by koto. 

Calcine, t.v. ishihai ni s ; yaite kona 
ni s ; (animal or vegetable subst- 

ances) kuroyaki ni s ; (metal) san- 
kwa (酸化) s. 

Calculable, a. kcmjd no dekiru ; 
kazoerareru ; hakarareru ; sanyo sa- 
reru ; keisan sareru, ' 

Calculate, t.v. Jcanjd (勘定) s ; ka- 
zoe-ru ; hakaru ; keisan (ffg:) s ; 
(the value of) mi-tsumoru ; (with a 
view to a future enterprise) tsumoru. 

is ed to, indie, pres. foil, by 

kcmjd dci, omowareru, or shite am ; 

"behaviour of that kind is 
ed to cause much, trou- 
ble, sono yd na okonai wa dai 
konnin (困 if) ico shqjiru to omowa- 

to upon, tsumori, or mikomi 

de am ; as, 

I on receiving' an answer 

next month, raigetsu (來 月) hmji 
(返事) <7<^ kuru tsumori da. 

Calculating*, a. (in a bad sense) 
kmiehi (奸智 ) no am ; (of a person) 

Calculus, n of variations, 

henkivan-sampo (變換 まま 法). 

differential , hilnm-sampd 

(微分 算法). 

integral , sekibun-sampo (積 

分 細. 

urinary , seldrin (石 麻) ; kes- 

seJdhyd (結石 病). 

Calculation, n. kan/jo (勘 疋) ; kei- 
san ; (act of) eqmv. oi Calculate 
foil, by koto ; (mental) tsumori ; (of 
a coming event) yotei (き定 )• 

exact , seisan (きま. 

rough , gaisan (槪 ま. 

Calendar, n. koyomi ; reki ; (alma- 
nac) rekisho (曆 書). 

a month, rekigetsu (曆 月). 

European , seireki (西曆 •)• 

lunar (Chinese), inre/ci (陰 

曆 )• 

new , shinreki (新暦). 

old , kyiireki [MM)- 

solar , taiydreki (夫 陽 歷). 

Call; n. (animal) ko-^isM ; (of the leg) 
fukurappagi ; komura. 
love, hatsu koi. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 118 ] 


Calibre, n. (diameter) fcS/^^ei (口 徑); 
sashi-watashi ; chokkei (直 徑) ; (of a 
gun) suguchi ; iioko (砲 13); Kokei 
(口 ま); (of mind) noryoku (能力); 
】ciryd (器量). 

Calico, n. sarasa ; kyarako ; kana- 

Caligraphy, n. msho (能書) ; U- 
Mtsu (美 筆). 

Caligrapliist, n. ndshoka (能書 家) ; 

Call, t.Y. (assemble) shoshti {^f^)s; 
(assemble, of students) hoshu (靠 集) 
s ; (give a name) nadzuke-ru ; (name) 
tonae-ru ; iu ; mdsu ; (smnmon) ydbu ; 
(summon in) yooi-komu. 

to back, ydbi-kaesu ; yobi- 


to forth, dasu ; furui-okosu. 

to in, (a doctor) kake-ru ; 

(withdraw from circulation) hiki- 
rxge-ru ; hiki-kaete yarn. 

to names, warukuchi wo iu ; 

akko (惡 口) s. 

to near, ydbi-yose'ru. 

to out, ydbi-dasu ; (the re- 
serves) shoshu s\ 

to over, ichi-icni yohi-tate-ru ; 

ichi-ichi ni yoO'u. 

to the roll, tenko (點 呼) s. 

to together, yoln-atsume-ru ; 

shoshu (召集) 

to to mind, omoi-dasu ; 

omoi-tsuku [E. obj. + J. subj.]. 

what is that ed ? sore ica 

nan to iu mono lea ; sore wa nan to 
moshimasu ka. 

Call, i.y. (visit) tadzum'ru ; ukagau ; 
(used to another) homon ([訪問) s. 

to at (in passiDg) ni/tachi- 

yoru ; nijyoru ; (of a ship) e/^5wfce- 
riL ; e/yoru, ; e/kifco (寄港) s, . 

to on, tadzune'ru ; wo/hdinon 

(訪問) s ; (a sick person) mimau ; 
iDo/miniai ni yuku. - 

to . out, oki na koe wo dasu ; 

(for help) sakebu. 

to out to (a person), ydbi- 

kake'ru ; 7ii/koe wo kake-ru. 

to ...... upon (to perform an act), 

ni ICO saisoku (|^t£) s ; sai- 

koku (催告) s [Com. Co., Civ. Pro.]. 

Call, n. (for help) sakeli ; (on a sick 
person) mimed ; (visit) プ "(Zzime ; ho- 
mon (1^ 問). 

deposit at , toza-adzuke-icin. 

return , henrei {MS)- 

to pay a (on shares), Jmrai- 

komi wo s [Com. Co.]. 

Calling', n. kagyd (家業); shokuqyd 
(職業) ; hongyd (本業) ; (employmeiit) 
shigoto ; nariwai ; tsutome ; (trade) 
sliobai (商賣 )• 

Callosity, n. tako (胼胝) ; rmme. 

Callous, a. (fig.) jo ('If) ni idoi ; mujd 
(無' I 靑) 鶴 ; reitan (? 令缺) no ; nasake 
no nai ; awaremi no nai. 

Callously, adv. mvjo ni ; reitan ni ; 
nasake naku ; awaremi naJcu. 

Callousness, n. mvjo ; reitan ; awa- 
remi no nai koto. - 

Callow, a. (immature) chi-kusai (乳 
臭); chi no ka no nukenai [vulg.]. 

Calm, a. (in face of danger) ochi- 
tsuita ; (of a person) ochitsuita ; 
chinchaku (沈着) na ; chincho (沈 
重) na ; (of the sea) odayaka na ; 
nagi no yoi ; shidzuka na ; (of wea- 
ther) heion (平 穩) net ; nodoka na ; 
uramka na. 

to be, nagite i-ru ; nagi da. 

to become , ochUsuku ; (of 

sea) nagi-ru. 

Calm, t.v. (appease) yaimrage-ru ; 
shidzume-ru ; nadame-ru ; nagusame- 

to be ed, shidzumaru. 、 

to one's anger, ikari ico 


to one's self, kl wo ochi- 


Calm, i.v. (of the wind) naglru. 
to down, osamaru. 

Calixily? adv. shidzuka 7ii ; ocMisuite ; 
nodoka ni ; odayaka ni ; chinchaku 
ni ; chincho ni. 

Calmness, n. (of sea) nayi ; (of 
weather) heion ; (self-repose) ochi- 
tsuita koto ; odayaka na koto ; chin- 
chaku ; chmchd. 

Calomel, n. keifioi (輕 粉) ; hmikd 
(甘 求). 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 119 ] 

Caloric, n. kicoM (火 氣). 

Calorimeter, n. sokuonkl (測 溫 器). 

Caltrop, n. (bot.) liamahishi. 

Calumniate, t.v. soshlru ; zanso 
(譚訴 ) s ; zangen (讒言) s ; hibo (誹 
誇) s ; Mki (i^) s ; ?Mmhb (讒謗) s ; 
飞 mkoku (i 貼告) s. 

Calumniation, n. eqiiiv. of Calum- 
niate foil, by koto. 

Calumniator, n. zansha (讒 者) ; 
hihosha (誹謗 者) ; imsha mm^) ; 
hukokushrr (M^^) ; znmhostia (讒 
謗 者). 

Calumny, n. soshin ; zmiso ; zan- 
gen ; Ji iho ; Jdld ; hitkohu ; zamho. 

Calyx, n. utma ; (after the petals 
have fallen) heta. 

Cambodia, n. Kamhocha. 

Camel, n. rakuda (i 繊 )• 

Bactrian , niho-rakuda. 

Camellia, n. tsuhaki. 

flower, tsuhaki no hana. 

oil, tsuhaki no ahura. 

Camera, n. * ; shashlaJd. 

Camlet, n. (joro ; rjovo-fukurin. 

Camomile, n. kamitsure ; (med.) l、'u- 
yoku (苦 蒙). 

Camp, n. jin-ei (陣營 ) ; jln (陣) ; gun- 
el (軍 營) ; jinya (陣屋). 

hill (at Yokohama), J^ato- 


to out, nojuku (野宿) s. 

to pitch, a , jin wo torn ; j'm 

ICO haru ; setsuei 《設營 ) s. 

to strike , jin wo hlku ; tetsu- 

ei (撤營 ) s. * 
Campaign, n. eJd (役); sen-eJd{^ 
役); swis7ii (出師). 

plan of , sa ku sen-keikwaku 

(作 戰計欞 ). 

to take part in a , j" ひ囊 

(從 軍) s. 一 
Campanile, n. kane-tsukldd ; shoro 

Campanula, n. tsuvUimxe-sd. 

yilno (龍 腦) 


uality) ry、 、―— 
refined , henno (片 Ji). 

一 CAN ― 

捧腦 ); (best 

quality) 'i 

sfinea , lien) …一——. . 

tincture of , hmnd-chin'ld. 

Camplior-tree, n. Msu. 

Camplior- wood, n. ku,m no Id. 

C ampin g - ground, n. slfielcld (舍 

營 地). 

Camp-stool, n. shbrji (床机). 
Camping- out, n. nojuku ; roei (露 


Can, n. (for tinned meats) hicmi (鐘). 

Can, t.v. kwandmme ni s. 

Can, i.Y. expr. by the potential, by 
intrans. form of the verb, or by the 
pres. indie, foil, by koto ga deki-ru. 
Deki-ru, which is literally " to come 
forth," is used as the potential of 
suru, to do. 

Canal, n. hori-icari ; horl-kmoa ; 
(anat.) kican (管) ; (as part of a name) 
hori ; (drain) mizo ; kokyo (溝 第); 
(on a large scale) unka (運河). 

Canard, n. h-yoho (虚報); Incaden 

Canary, n. (bird) kanaria. 

Is. Kanarla-shotd (諸島). 

Cancel, t.v. (annul) hai (廢) s ; torl- 
kesu ; haishi (廢 止) s ; (obliterate) 
kedzuru ; mnssatsu (抹殺) s ; sakujo 
(删 除) s. 

tlie contract has been led, 

yakiijo (J a kaijo ni natta. 

to a contract, yakujd (約定) 

ICO kaijo (解除) s. 
Cancellation, n. (act of) eqmv. of 
Cancel foil, by koto ; tori-keshi ; (of 
a contract) kaijo (福 除) ; (of a law) 
haishi (廢 jk) ; (of an article) sakujo 
(删 除). 

Cancer, n. (/an (癌) ; (astron.) kyo- 

of the breast, nyugan (乳 

of the stomacli, igan (胃癌). 

tropic of , geshisen (夏至線) ; 

ム o7" た 謂? '/'ise". (1: 回歸 線). 

Hosted by 



[ 123 ] 


Candid, a. (of persons) kbketsu (高 
豫) na ; tampaku (淡白) ? ; seiren 
IVr^ れな ; assari shita ; akaras 鎮 a 
na ; rokotsu na ; (of statements) 
uchi-aketa ; tsutsumi-lcakusM no nai ; 
akarasama na ; rokotsu (露骨) na, 

Oantlitlly, adv. ucm-akete ; isuisumi- 
kakushi naku ; akarasama ni ; roko- 
tsu ni. 

Candidate, n. kdhosha. (候補者) ; 
(for exam.) shigicansha 

Cantlidness, n. (of persons) kdke- 
tsu ; tampaJcu ; seiren ; rokotsu ; 
assari shita koto ; (of statements) 
Tolcotsu ; uchi-aketa koto ; tsutmmi- 
kakushi no nai koto. 

Candied, a. satodzuke no ; satdsei 
(砂糖 製) no. 

Candle, n. rosoJai 鐘 燭 )• 

to offer a (at a shrine), o rd 

ICO ageru. 

Canclle-eiicl, n. tsukai-nokori no 

Canclle-lig'lit, n. rosoku no akari ; 
shokkwo ('J® 光). 

Candle-power, n. [a. n. shokii]. 
ten , jisshoku (十 燭). 

Candle-stick, n. (small, of metal) 
teshoku ; (tall) shokudai ; rosoku- 
tate ; [The Japanese formerly used 
what is called a homhori, a sort of 
liand lantern, as a bedroom ]. 

Candour, n. (frankness) kbketsu 
(高潔); tampaku (淡白); (freedom 
from bias) komei (公 5^) ; mushi 
(無私) ; kdhel (公平). 

Candy, t.v. satodzuke ni s. 

Cane, n. (for school use) muchi ; 
(rattan) to (藤) ; (walking stick) tsue ; 

Cane, t.v. { schoolboy) nijmuchi ico 

uane-lbottomecl, a. to-hari no. 

Cane-cliair, n. to-isu. 

Oane-brake, n yahu ; takayahu. 

uaiie-seat, n. (of riJdsha) to-huta. 

Oangue, n. JcuU-kase. 

Canine-tootli, n. klha ; kimha 

Canister, n. (for tea) chatsuho ; cha- 
ire ; (cylindrical) chadzutsu ; (shot) 
tetiddan (鉄 筒 彈). 

Cannibal, a country, shoku- 

jin-koku (食 人 國). 

race, hitokui-jlnshu. 

Cannon, n. taihd (大砲); ddzutsu 

ball, hodan (砲 5 單). 

the sound of , hosei (砲 聱). 

Cannonade, t.v. hdgeJci {is^M) s. 
Caiinonacle, n. hdgeki (砲 整). 

Cannon-ball, n. taiho no tama ; 
hbdan (砲彈 j ; hb<jan (砲丸) ; dan- 
g 賺 (彈 丸). 
Cannot, i.v. dekmai ; koto ga delci- 
nai ; also neg. of the potential or 
intrans. form of the verb ; wake ni 
wa ikanu, or mairimasenu, following 

Canoe, n. utsubo-bune ; maruki-hune. 
Canon, n. (law) nori ; minor L 
Buddhist , bukkyo (佛經 ). 

canonical, a. (not apocryphal) set- 
kei (正 經) no. 

books, (Buddhist) o kyo (經 ); 

kyoten (經 典) ; kyomon (經 女) ; is- 
saikyo (一切 經). 

Canonicals, n. sMkifuku {^Wd ; 
(Buddhist) hofuku (法服). 

Canonize, t.v. sUmel (神聖) to s ; 
(Buddhist) jobutsu (成 佛) sase-ru. 

Canopy, n. tengai (天蓋); (of the 
Emperor) ryugai (龍 翁). 

Oant, n. kuchi-giise. 

Oant, t.v. katamiike-ru ; katage'ru. 

Cailtate, n. shi-kujilhachi-hen (静九 
十八 篇). 

uanter, t.v. kakesase-ru. 

Canter, i.y. (of the horse) kake-ru ; 
(of the rider) kake ico noru. 

Cantharides, n. hammyd (Ite 描). 

CantliiiS, n. (anat.) mejirl ; mana- 

external , (jwalslii (夕 卜 fp). 

Hosted by 


[ 121 ] 


Canticle, n. shd (^). 

Cantilever, n. ude リ I. 

Canvas, n. (for bags, shoes, etc.) 
dzukku ; (sail-clotli) ho-momen. 

Canvass, t.v. to for votes, 

tdhyo (投票) wo motome-ru. 

Canvasser, n. kwmyidn (勸誘 莨) ; 
unddsha (運動 者) ; hoiisonm (奔走 人). 

Canvassing", n. kwanyn. 
tour, yuzei (遊説). 

Caoutchouc, n. gomu (護 讓). 

Cap, n. kahurl-mono ; hoshi (帽子) ; 
(deer-stalker) toriuchi-ljo ; tori-uchi ; 
(mil. & nav.) gumbo (軍帽); (of a 
gun) Jm'an ; raikwan (舎 菅) ; (police- 
man's, etc.) kivamhd (官 if ま); (worn 
by Japanese judges) hobo (法 帽); 
hbkwan (法 冠) ; [Japanese caps 
forming part of the ancient court 
dress were called kammuri and 

Capable, a. generally expr. by the 
passive and in trans, forms of the 
verb ; (of performing duties) ikitodo- 
ita ; shlkaku no aru ; yiii (有 爲) no ; 
shuwan (手腕) no aru. 

a box of holding- this 

mucli, kore dake hairu yd na 
hako. ' 

to be of, nljiki-todoku ; ni/ 


Capability, n. saind (才能) ; klryb 

(器量) ; shuwan (手腕). 
Capacious, a. (large) okl na ; 

(roomy) hiroi. 

Capacity, n. (legal) noryoku (能力) 
[Civ. Co.] ; (of space) yoryo (容 翼) ; 
yoseki (容積) ; (qualification, quality 
m wliicli one acts) shikaku (資格) ; 
mihun (自分); (understanding) chie 
(智惠 ) ; ^aiki (ォ氣 ) ; kiryo (器量). 

carrying" (of a ship), sekiryo 

(積 量). 

person of full , noruokusha 

(能力 者) [Com. Co.l, 

person without legal , ? 蕭- 

noryokusha (無能力者). 
Cape, n. miscmi ; said. ; liana ; (cloth- 
ing, man's) kappa ; (woman's) kata- 

Cap-k-pie, zenshm (全;^); zentai (全 
fji) ; manshm (滿; i). 

Caparison, t.y. (a horse) nilha-i (馬 
衣) ICO kake-rii. 

Oaper, n. (used in sauces) *. 

Uaper, n. odorl-haneru koto ; Jniruv. 

tjaper, i.v. (frolic) odorii ; odori-hcme- 
7、u ; k'uruu. 

Capillary attraction, mosal no 

inryoku (弓、 j 力). 

Capillary-vessel, n. mdsalkimn 


Capita, per , ichinin ni tsiiki. 

capital, n. (metropolis) mlyako ; 
shufu (舍府 ) ; shuto iMW) ; (money) 
motode ; motok'm ; shilcin (資^) ; shi- 
hon (資本) ; shihonkin ; (of a column) 

circulating' , yudzii-sh'ihon 

(融通 資本). 

fixed , kotel-shihon (固定 資 


foreign , r/walshi (夕 K^). 

paid-up , haraikomi-shikin ', 


subscribed , dho-shiJdn (應 

慕 資金). ' 

unpaid , miharai-shikia ; mi- 


Capital, a. (excellent) r/okm yoi ; saijo 
(最上) no; migoto no ; taishita. 

crime, shikel (死刑) ni shosu- 

heJci hanzai (犯罪). 
letter, kashira-moji ; kashi- 
ra- ji. 

punishment, shikel (死刑) 

[Cr. Co.] ; shizai (死 ||). 

to inflict pTinishmeat on, 

ICO I shizai ni okonau ; wo I shikel ni 
shosuru ; nil shikel ico shikkd (執 
行) s. 

Capital, interj. sufeJci da ; umai ! 
umai ! 

Capitalist, n. sMhonka (資本家) ; 

kinshu (金- 4); toshisha (投ま 看). 
Capitalize, t.v. shihon ni muke-ru. 

Capitalization, n. sMhon ni nm- 
Iceru koto. 

Hosted by^^OOQle 


[ 122 ] 


Capitally, adv. jotd (上等) ni ; gokii 
umaku ; migoto ni. 

Capitation, n tax, jintdzei 


Capitulate, i.v. kdscm (降 參) s ; ko- 

fuku (降 s ; kudaru. 
Capitulation, n. kosan ; kojukii. 
Caprice, n. icaga-mama ; kimagure ; 

muragi ; utsuricji ; kimama. 

a sudden , deJci-gokoro. 

Capricious, a. kawari-yasui ; aklp- 

poi ; utsurigi na ; muragi n% ; kima- 

gu7'e na ; kimama na. 

to be , uwntsuku. 

Capriciously, adv. imga-mama ni ; 

kidzui ni ; kimama ni ; akippoku ; 

utsurigi ni ; kimagure ni ; muragi ni. 
Capriciousness, n. v. Caprice. 
Capricorn, n. (astron.) makatsukyu 

議宫 ). 

tropic of …… , tdjisen (冬至線) ; 
nan-kwaikisen (翁 回 線). 

Capsicum, n. tbgarasU. 

Capstan, n. manriki (萬 力) ; rokuro 
(^18) ; 'inaki-rolcuro. 

Capsule, n. (bot.) tane-hukuro ; 
[med.) fuku7'0-gusuri. 

Captain, n. (military) inkugun-Taii 
(陸軍 大ま) ; (naval) kalgun-taisa (f 舞 
i 大 fe) ; (of a man-of-war) kancho 
(艦長) ; (of a merchant ship) sencho 

surgeon- , ittd-gun-i (一等 軍 


Caption, n. daknoku (代 目); "ま 《 

Captious, a. (of a person) rikutsu- 
hatta ; ki-mudmkasldi ; rikntsuppoi ; 
(of the thing said) rikutsugamashii. 
person, rlkutsu-ii. 

Captiously, adv. rUmtsubatte ; ki- 
mudzukashiku ; rikutsuppoku. 

Captiousiiess, n nkutsiibaru koto ; 
ki-mudzi(kashii koto ; rikutsiippoi 

Captivate, t.v. mlkokoro u-o iihau ; 
nojkokoro wo hiku. 

to be d (by a- woman at first 

sight), icolmisome-ru. 

Captivating", a. aikyd no aru. 

Captive, n. forUco ; horyo (捕 處) ; 
ikedori. . 
to be , toriko ni n"tte orv. 

Captivity, n. toriko ni naUe on', 
koto. - 
that bird will not live in , 

ano tori tco fsukamaete oite wa 
shlncle shimnu. 

Captor, n. hokwakusha (捕瘦 者). 

Capture, n. hokwaku (捕獲) ; (of a 
town) ryakushu (略取). 

Capture, t.v. toriko ni s ; ikedoru ; 
torae-ru ; (a ship) hokwaku (捕 瘦) s ; 
Iwda (捕ま) s ; (a town) nottoru ; 
ryakushu s ; (carry off) kasume-ru ; 
(game) torn ; hokwaku s ; (make 
prize of) hundori ni s. 

Car, n. Jcuruma ; (of a balloon) f une ; 
(of a god) dashi ; yatai ; (on which 
the sacred emblem is carried at a 
native festival) mikoshi ; (ornament- 
ed with spears) yamciboko. 

dining" , shokuddsha (食堂 

車). 一 
electric tram , tetsuao-den- 

sha (鐵道 雹 車) ; dmsha (電車). 

luggage (of a train), kwa- 

s ん a (貨車). 

passenger (on a railway), 

kyakusha (客車) ; fune [vulg.J. 

sleeping" , shindaisha (寢台 


tram , tetsudd-basha (鐵道 H 


Carat, n. 18 s, jiihalckia (一 卜 八 


Carbine, n. haju (馬 銃) ; たリな (麟 銃). 
Carbolic-acid, n, sekita 画れ (石炭 

Carbon, n. tanso (炭素). 

.. bisulphide, rvukica-ianso 

(硫化!^ 素). 
Carbonate of lime, ia/ikica- 

sekkwai (炭化 石灰). 
Carbonate of soda, tmisTa- 


Carbonic-acid, n. tansm (炭酸). - 
Carbuncle, n. yo (癰 ). 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 123 ] 


Carburetted, a , hydrog-en, 

tankwa-suiso (炭化 水 秦). 

Carcass, n. shigai (死骸) ; shikabane- 
Card, n. fuda ; (playing) karuta ; 
hana ; mekuri-fuda ; hana-fuda ; 
(visiting) meishi ; tejuda ; nafuda. 

a of silkworm's eggs, 


Card, t.v. kaJ 、- u ; kushi-kedzuru. 

Card-board, n. atsugami ; itame- 
gami ; itagmni ; awase-gami. 

Card- case, n. nafuda-lre ; meishi- 

お' e (名刺 入). 
Cardiac, a. shinzo 、臓) no. 

orifice, i nojoko (上 口). 

Cardinal, a. kanyo (肝要) na ; omo- 
naru ; dauchi (第一) no. 

number, f/ensilji (原 M 字) ; 

人ゾ s な (基 數). ■ 

points, shiho (四方). 

virtues, hongen (TfC^^) no 

toku (德 ). 

the 5 ...... virtues (of Confucian 

philosophy), gojo (五常). 

C a r din g*-! ram e , n. (cotton spin- 
niDg) 7 ず! (梳篠 機). 

Carcliiig-macliiiie, n. kesahaJd- 

Carditis, n, shinzd-en (心臓 炎). 
Card-rack, n. fuda-sashi ; jd-sashi. 
Care, n. (anxiety) shlmpai (心配) ; 
kuro (苦 勞) ; ke -議 (懸念) ; (charge 
of a person) vaJckai (厄介) ; seica ; 
(heed) ydjin ; chid (注意). ' 
if one does not take ....... 

yudan sum to. 

to be under the of, ?io/ 

yakkai ni natte oru ; ? lo/seica ?ii 
natte oru. 

to for (be kind to, as, the 

poor), nil me wo kake-ru. 

to give into the of, oil/ 


take of yourself (to an 

invalid), dalji ni nasal. 

to take (be cautious), ki ico 


to take of, (be careful of) 

icoldmji ni s ; (take charge of) w ふ j 
adzukaru ; ico/kicanri (管理) s. 

with. (on packing-case), 

toriatsukai chfii {l^W^il^M)- 

Care, i.v. shlmpai (心 酉 H) s ; sUntb (心 
頭) ni kake-ru. 

I don't , kamaicami. 

not to about, nilkamawanu ; 

nlltonjaku (頓着) shinai. 

Carec^n, t.v. kashirje-ru ; kafmnuke' 

Careen, i.v. kashigu ; kataimUm. 

Career, n. (of a person) keireki (經 
歷) ; rirekl (履 歷) ; (running) micai ; 
(whole life) isshogai (一生涯). 

I shot that hare in full , 

ano usagl ica isshd-kemmei (一生 懸 
命) ni kakete oru tokoro wo utta. 

that man has a "brilliant 

before him, ano hito no zento (前 
途) ica taishita mono da. 

Career, i.v. isoide kake-ru ; issho- 
kernmei ni kake-ru. 

Careful, a. (of acts) nm (念) no itta ; 
(of persons) ydjin-bukai ; (thorough) 
shincho (t^M) れ 

perusal, jukuran (熟 覽). 

if one is not , ki (^) ii:o 

tsukenakereha ; waruku sum to. 
to be , mil (念) ICO ire-ru. 

Carefully, adv. nen wo irete ; ki wo 
tsukete ; teinei (T^) ; shincno ni ; 
yojin shite ; tsura-tsura ; yudan 

you must preserve it, 

taisetsu (大切) ni liozon ('^#) slii- 
nakereba naranu. 
very , yoku-yoku. 

C arefulnes s, n. ydjin ( 用 p) ; 
tsutsushiml ; kinshin ; yojm- 

hukai koto ; chili. 

Careless, a. sosokkashit ; fuckfd (不 
i^M) na ; sokotsu (粗, 忽) na ; kei- 

. sotsu ($1$.) na ; soso 禾 目) na ; 
zonzai na ; yudan (f 由斷) suru. 
to be . .... about the future, 
saki wo omowanu. 

Carelessly, adv. sosotsu ni ; sokotsu 
ni ; fuchi'd ni ; ukkari ; sosokka- 
shiku ; somatsu (粗末), rd ; zonzai ni ; 
keisotsu ni ; soso ni ; orosoka ni ; 
yudan shite. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 124 ] 


Carelessness, n. fuclmi ; soryaku 
(粗略); huydjin (無用心); keisotsu 
(輕卒 ) ; soso (粗相) ; naozari ; fu, 
ikitodoki ; (about health) fu-yojo (不 

Caress, n. (kiss) seppun (接吻). 

Caress, t.v. (kiss) wo I seppun s ; (with, 
the hand) kaicaigatte nade-ni ; 7iade- 

Caressingly, adv. kaicaigatte. 

Caretaker, n. hannin (番人) ; (in 
owner's absence) rusui ; rusvhan ; 
(of a cemetery) hakamori. 

Car 8*0, n. tsumi-m ; funa-ni ; ni. 

boat, hashike-hune ; daruma- 

hune ; ni-biine. 

coolie, oki-ninsoku ; nakashi 

[W. Japan]. 

general , zakkwa (雑;^). 

return , kaeri-ni. 

Caribbean Sea, Karihu-kaL 

Caricature, n. (drawing) odoke-e ; 

gigwa (戯蓐 ) ; ponchi-e ; [otsu-e and 

tdba-e are kinds of sj. 

Caricature, t.v. (in a drawiog) 

ponchi ni kaku ; tdba-e ni kaku. 
Caries, n.fvkosso (腐 骨 ill). 
Carious-tooth, n. musU-ha. 
Oariiiiiiative, n. kufuyaku 風 

藥) ; kazagusuri. 
Carmine, n. heniko ; yoko (洋紅). 
Carnage, n. satsuhatsu (殺 ffi) ; to- 

satsu (屠 翻 ; satsuriku (殺戮). 
Carnal, a. jdyoku (情 愁) no : inyolm 

(淫愁 ) れ ; (worldly) kono yo no. 

to have knowledge of, wo I 

kan-in (^v^) s. 
Carnation, n. Oranda-sekichiku (和 

蘭 石竹). 

Carilivora, n. nikushoku-jund (肉食 
獸頹) ; nikushoku-d51)ufsu (肉 貧勳 fe). 

Carnivorous, a. nikushoku (肉食) 
no ; nikujiki no. 

Carotid artery, kelddmyaku (勁 
動脈 )• 

Carouse, n. リ din (豪 欽); dzake wo 
nomu koto. 

Carouse, i.v. dzake wo nomu ; goin s. 

Carp, n. koi ; (in opp. to red ) 


red ,'higoL 

silver , funa [a. n. hiJd (疋 )]. 

Carp, i.v. kuchi-yakamashiku iu. 

to at, woltogame'ru ; nij 

kuchi-kogoto ico iu. 

Carpenter, n. dcdku { 大工). 

,s square, sashi-age. 

foreman , tdryo (橫 梁). 

ship's , funa-dalku. 

Carpet, n. jidcm (敏锻 ) : shikimono. 

Carpet, t.v. ni/jidan, or shikimono, 

wo shiku. 
Uarping", a. kuchi yakamasmi. 
Carriage, n. (charge for) unchln (運 
賃) ; unsdcMn (運送 賈) ; (ditto, by a 
coolie) ninsoku-ch%n (人足 貸 •) ; (ditto, 
by a man) dachin ; tsukaichin ; 
(ditto, of a letter) hikyakuchin (飛脚 
賃) ;. (ditto, of a letter hj post) yuUn- 
zei (il^ 便税) ; (ditto, on horseback) 
dachin ; (deportment) karadatsuki ; 
(freight) funachin ; (manner of walk- 
ing) aruki-huri ; aruki-tsiiki ; arukip- 
puri ; (transport) unso ; (vehicle) 
kuruma ; [a. n. cho (挺) ; dai (蠆) ; 
ryo (輛 )]• 

hire, josha-chin (乘車 買) ; 

hasha-dai (馬車 台). 

four- wheeled , yonn-lmsha 

(四 輪 馬車). 

gun , hosha i^iM) ; れ o お 《 


horse , hasha (馬車) [a. n. 

rvo ; dai]. 

railway (passenger), Icyalcu- 


shaft of a , naga-e. 

to dismount from a , gesha 

(下車) s' 

two — wheeled , nirin-hasha 

(二輪 馬車). 

Carrier, n. (one who forwards goods) 
unsdnin [Com. Co.] ; unso-kata ; unsd- 
ya ; hikyaku-ya [obsolesc] ; (one who 
carries loads) ni-katsugi ; tsukai-Aja, 

Carrier-pigeon, n. densho-hato 

Hosted by Google 


[ 125 ] 


Carrion, n.funiku (腐肉). 

Carrot,ii.?ii?ij《"(A#). - 

Carry, t.v. hakobu ; Ixmpan (MSx) s 
(about one's person) keitai (携帶 ) s 
(a palanquin) kaku ; (cargo) seJdsai 
(積載) s ; umpan (運搬) .9 ; tosai (搭 
載) s ; (from the hand) sage-ru ; 
hisage-ru ; tadzusae-ru ; (in the 
arms) daku ; (in the belt) sasu ; (in 
the hand) motsu ; (on a pole over the 
shoulder) Icatsugu ; nimu ; (on the 
back) shou. 

money ied forward, kuri- 


to a cTiild on the back, 

kodomo wo ohuu. 

to across, motte wataru. 

to all "before one, mattaku 

joju (成就) s ; siibete shuM-yoku 

to away, moUe iku. 

to back, motte kaeru ; 


to down, motte or レ ru. 

to forward (a balance), 


to in, motte Ivxiru ; mochl- 

komu ; hakobi-komu. 

to off, motte iku ; saratte 


to on, (a business) itowmiu ; 

(continue) keizoku {MM) s ; 
tsudzukete yarn. 

to one's self, tachi-furimau. 

to out, motte de-ru ; mochi- 

dasu ; hakohi-dasu ; (a contract) 
riko (履行) s; (a law) shlko (施行) 
s ; (fig.) shitoge-ru ; joju sase-ru ; 
(put in executioTi) okonau ; shijcko 

(執行) S ; jiJckd (實 行) .9. 

to out strictly (a law), rei- 

kd (勵 行) s. 

to through, mofte idru ; 

(fig.) yari-tdsu ; kwantetsu (贯徹 ) s. 

to two together (on a 

pole), icolsashi-mochi ni s. 

to up, motte age-ru. 

to with, it (a meaning), 


Cart, n. kuruma ; (drawn by horses) 
hariki (馬力) ; ni~basha (荷 ま 車). 

coolie, shaHki i 車力). 

hand. , nirjunima ; [various 

sizes are daihachi-guruma ; dai- 
shichi-gurima ; da iroku-gurumd] . 
mail , yubin-hasha (郵便 馬車). 

uartage, n. Icumima-cMn ; unchin 
(運 貫) ; niguruma-chin. 

Carte-cle-visite, n. v. Card ; (size 
of photo.) kogata-{no). 

Cartliamus tinctoriiis, heni-no- 
hana ; kurenai. 

Cartilage, n. nankotsu (軟骨). 

Cartographer, n. seidzushi (製圖 
师). ' 

Cartoon, n.f usUgwa (諷刺 靈). 

Cartridge, n. Imyago ; jilhd (ま充 包) ; 
(empty) kava ; (loaded) tama. 

blank , Mho (空砲). 

belt, dbikaica. 

box, hayago-hako. 

Cart-wlieel, n. kuruma no loa. 
uart-wrig"lit, n. kuruma-shi ; sha- 

sho (車 匠). 
Carve, t.v. (cut artistically) horu ; 

kizcimu ; chokoku (周 さ 刻) s ; (cut up) 


to meat, niku tco kiri-dasu. 

Oarver, n. (sculptor) horbnonoshl ; 

chokokushi (局》 亥 Ug^O. 
CJarvmg*, n. horimono ; chokoku 
M) ; chokokuhutsu (彫 亥勸) ; (act of) 
equiv. of Carve foil, by Jcoto. 

art of , chbkokujutsu (周 ミ亥 I】 


Cascade, n. taki. 
Oase, n. (a box outside another) uwa- 
hako ; oi ; (box) hako ; (box and its 
contents) hako ; (etui) -ire ; as, 

cigar , hamaki-ire ; (to pull 

out) tsutsu. 

Uase, n. (a previous example) 
tameshl ; (circumstance) haai ; 
(grammatical) kaku (格) ; (of illness) 
kwanja ; (precedent) rel (例); (that 
which happens) koto ; jiken (事件) ; 
ikken (一 ゆ). 

a in point, teldrei (適例). 

a civil , minji-sosho (艮 事訴 

訟) ; minji-jiken. 

a criminal , keiji (刑事). 

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[ 126 ] 


in any , do atte mo ; zehi to 

mo. 一 

in any since , dose 


in be should do so, moshi 

so suru toki ni wa ; so suru hacii 
ni wa. 

in either , dociii ni shue mo. 

in some s, ddJca suru to ; 

aru haai de wa. 

in that , sonnara ; sore de 

wa ; sono haai ni ica. 

in the of, ni atte ica. 

make ready in he should 

come, kuru lea mo shirenu kara 
shitalm ico shite oke. 

new s (of disease), shin- 

kwanja (新患 卷). 

to put the , kari ni tatoete 

miru to. 

such, being tlie ....... sasuga ni. 

Case-hardened, a. (fig.) haji ico 

shiranai ; tetsumempi (鐵 面皮) no. 
Casein, n. rakuso (酪 素). 
Uasemate, n. (fortification) inhdclai 

(陰 砲臺) ; kakure-daiba. 
Casement, n. mado no to ; toMra. 

Cash, n. (copper coin) ddkwa (銅貨). ; 
(copper, etc., coin) zerd ; o ashi ; 
chomoku し^ 目); (pocket-money) 
Jwdzukai-zeni ; kodzukai ; (ready 
money) genkin 金) ; snokin (jL 
金); sokkin (即金 7; (small copper 
coin) komakai o ashi ; iarasen. 

Casb, t.v. kane ni hiki-kae-ni ; shofcin 
ni kae-ru. 

to a cheque, tegata ico sho- 

kin ni kae-m. 

Casli-ac count, n. (in a bank) tdza- 

Uasll-l>OOk, n. kinqin-deirichb ; 

sti な dZ)0 ( 出納簿). ' 
Casli-box, n. kane-hako, 
Casbier, n. suitdkata ; genkin- 


Casliier, t.v. shikufirase-ru ; menji- 
ru ; menshoku (免職) s. 

to be ed, shikujiru ; icajyaku 

(役) (JGb agaru ; menshoku ni naru. 

Casing*, n. (act of) oi ico kakeru 
koto ; (cover) /w^a. 

Cask, n. taru. 

Casket, n. tamci-tehako. 

Caspian Sea, Rikai (裏? 每). 

Casque, n. kahuto. 

Cassation, n. Court of …-. ., dal- 
shin-in (六 審院 )• 

Cassia, n bark, keihl (桂皮) ; 


Cassimere, n. kedonsu. 

Cast, n. (shape) kata ; (tlirown off 
skin) nuke-gara. 

one (of a net), hito-ami. 

the last , ichika-hachika ; 


to have a (in the eye), 

sugame de aru. 

Cast, t.v. (a shoe) otosu ; (metal) i-ru ; 
i-hagasu ; (shed) nugu ;. (sow) maku ; 
(throw) na(je'ru ; horu. 

the die is , koto sude 7ii sada- 

maru ; mo ottsukanai. 

to be away (on a coast), 

nagare-tsuku ; hyochaku {}'^^) s. 

to be down, ica\ki gafusagu ; 

rakutan (落 瞻) s. 

to about, kufu (ェ 風) s. 

to anchor, ikari ico orosu ; 

tohyd (投錨) 5. 

to aside, hrdki (MM) s. 

to away, utcharu. 

to dice, sai wo nage-ru. 

to down, nage-otosu ; narje- 

orosu ; nage-kudasu. 

to forth (expel), oi-dasu ; 


to in, hori-komu. 

to in the teeth, togame-ru. 

to lots, kuji wo hiku. 

to off (of a ship), tomodzuna 

ICO toku. 

to one's self upon, ni/ 


to off restraint, kihan (胃 

!^) WO dassuru. 

to out, hori-dasu. 

to ...... up (add), shime'ru ; kei- 

san (計算) s ; kanjo (勘定) s. 
to …… young, ryuzan (流 產) s. 

Castanet, n. yotsu-dake. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 

_ OAS [ 127 ] 

Cast-away, n. (a reprobate) sutarl- 
mono ; (jorotsuk'i ; Imrai (無 賴) na 
yatsu ; naradzu-mono ; (shipwrecked 
person) hydryusha (漂流者). 

Caste, n. zokuseki (族籍) ; shuzoku 
(種族 5 ; (theatrical) yakuwari. 

to lose with, nilutormre'ru ; 

ni/hinseki (镇 斤) sare-ru. 

Castellan, n. jddai (娘 代). 

Caster, n. (cruets) yakumi-ire ; 
(small wheel) ashiica ; ashi-guruma. 

Castigate, t.v. utsu ; mucki-utsu ; 
, sekkan (折; fe) s ,; shioki s. 
to be d, sefckan sare-ru. 

Castigatioii, n. sekkan (折 濫) ; (act 
, of) equiv. of Castigate foil, by 

Casting', n. (process) chuzo (鑄 造) ; 
(thing cast) i-mono. 

Casting-vote, n of a chair- 
man, fjicho (議長) no saiketsuken 
(採决 ffi). . 

Cast-iron, n. chrdetsu (鑄鐵 )• 

Castle, n, sUto [a. n. Icasho (jif 所)]. 

s in the air, kiichu (^cfi) 710 

rokaku (樓閣 ) ; shinkird (桌氣 樓). 

remains, shiro-ato ; joshl 

(城 趾). 

town, joka (娘 下). 

Castle, n. (in chess) koma. 

Castor-oil, n. himashi no ahura. 
...... plant, td-goma. 

Castrate, t.y. no/kiniama ico miku ; 
icojkassei (害 IJ 勢) s ; nilkyosei (去勢) 
wo okonm.i. 
to be ...... d, 1ms sei sare-ru. 

Castration, n. kassei (害 ij 勢) ; kyo- 
sei (去勢) ; (act of) eqiiiv. of Cas- 
trate foil, "by koto. 

Cast-steel, n. chfikd (禱 鋼). 

Casual, a. (fortuitous) /M-i (不意) れ o ; 
(ytnoigakenai : guzen { 偶然) no ; futo 
(不 ) shita ; hyotto shita. 
a . -.… person, kiraJm (氣樂 ) na 
hito ; nonki (吞氣 ) 7ia hito. 
a visitor, tama ni kuru 



in a manner, sore to naku ; 

ori nlfurete. 

Casually, adv. hyotto ; futo (不圖 ) ; 
hakaradzu ; (by the way) tsidde ni. 

Casualty, n. (to shipping, etc.) 
sonan (遭' 難) ; (wound) kega ; fusho 
(貢 f 募) ; (wounded person) kegcmin ; 
fushdsha (賈蕩 者). 

ies (mil. and nav.), shishdsha 

(死 f 寡 者) ; 藝 jcd (損害). 
returns, shishofivo (死傷 表). 

Casuist, n. ketsuqi-ronsha (夹疑 論 

Casuistry, n. l-etsw/Jron. 

Oat, n. 7ieko. 

even if it rains s and dog-s, 

shajiku (車 車 由) wo nagashite mo. 

to be like and dog-, ai-teJd- 

shi (相 敵視) s. 

tabby , tora-neko. 

torto.ise-sliell , mih-e-neko. 

wild , yama-neko. 

Catalepsy, n. shiddbyd (止 動 病). 

Catalogue, n. mokuroku (目 錄); 
(auctioneer's) slwv.ujaM ; (of books) 
shomoJcu (書目). 

Catalogue, t.y. ml mokuroku v:o 
tsukuru ; no/shomoJai wo koshirae-ru. 

Catalpa kaeiiipferi, kisasage ; 

tjatamenia, n. tsuki no mono ; 
meguri ; gekkei (月 經); keisui (經水 ). 

to have , karada cja yogore- 

ru ; tsuki no mono wo mi-ru. 

vJatamiie, n. kagema ; o kama. 

Cataplasm, n. pappu (琶 布). 

Catapult, n. iskinage ; pac/wiko 
[used by children] ; (ancient weapon) 
isMyumi ; dokyu 弓). 

Cataract, n. (cascade) taki ; (sur- 
gical) sokohl ; naishogan (內障 眼). 
Catarrh, n. *;fiija [MM) ; kamhd (惑 
胃); (of a horse) nairct. 

Catastrophe, n. then (異變 ) ; sal- 
麵 (災難) ; sair/ai (災害). 

Hosted by^^OOgle 


[ 128 ] 


Catcli, t.v. (a disease) ni/kakaru ; ni/ 
tottsukare'ru ; (arrest) tsukamae-ru ; 
tome'ru ; (as a ball) uke-ru ; (com- 
nmnicate to) ni/tsuku ; (a can- 
tagioTis disease) m/ka?isen (惑 s ; 
nijutsuru [E. subj.-r- J. obj.] ; 
(receive) uke-ru ; (take) toru ; (what a 
person says) ico/kiki-toru. 

to a fever, netsu ni ohasare- 


to a scolding", kentsuku wo 


to cold, kaze wo hiku. 

to hold of, tsukamu ; tot- 


to fire, ni]hi (ja tsuku ; ni] 


to rain-water, amimvdzu 

wo tame-ru. 

to up (overtake), nifoitsuku. 

to be caught in (a trap, etc.), mj 

to get caught on, ni/hikkaka/n" 

Catcli, i.v (as on a nail) hikJcakaru ; 
(spread by infection) utsuru ; densen 
(傳染 ) s. 

I didn't on (was aismclin- 

ed), Id ga noranai aatta. 

Catch, n. (of a door) kakegane ; (a 
find) horidcLshi-mono ; e-mono ; (of 
fish) ryd (Ig) ; (on fusuina) hiki-te ; 
(ring-shaped) kwan (環). 

a good , a ryd. 

to make a good (in bad 

sense), wa]yoi tori ga kakaru. 

Catcli-worcl, n. tdri-kotoha. 
Catechism, n. kokwai-mondd (公會 

Catecliist, n. * ; deiulbsU (傳道 師). 
CateCQize, t.v. (instruct) mondo s ; 

(interrogate) kitsumon (詰問) s. 
Catecliu, n. asenyaku (阿 煎 藥). 
Catecbumeil, n. *; senrei-shiqvxtn- 
. .s/ia (洗 鱧 志願者); 麵 問' 答 生). 
Categorical, a. kakujitsu (Hg^) 

na ; meihaku (明白) m ; hitsuzen (必 

然) na ; mujoken (無 條ィ 4) ? w>. 

answer, ketto (5^ 答) ; 

kakuto (確答). 
Categorically, a. kakujitsu ni ; 

meihaku ni ; hitsuzen. 

Category, n. (class) shurui (種類) ; 
(list) bu. 

Cater, i.v. makanau. 

Caterer, n. makanai-kata. 

Catering', n. makanai. 

Caterpillar, n. (black) kemushi ; 
(green) aomushi ; imomushi ; [other 
Mnds are shakutori-mushi ; hamushi\. 

Caterwauling', n. neko no naki- 

Cat-lisli, n. namcidzu. 

Catg'Ut, n. tengusu. 

Catbartic, n. gezai ; kudashi- 
giisuri ; kudashi. 、 

Cathead, n. ikaH'dome. 

Catbedral, n. kyodo (教 堂) ; dai- 

kwaidd (大会 堂). 
Catlieter, n. innydkwcm (引 尿管); 

donyokwan (導 尿管) • 
Catliolic, a. (in composition) led- 
(公) ; (liberal) doryb (度 臺) no hiroi ; 
tairyo (大量) na. 

faith, kokyo (公教). 

religion, kodo (公道). 

holy cliurch., seikokwai (聖 

公 會). 

Roman cliurcb, Bomakyo ; 

Kaiorikkukyo; Tenshukyo (天主教); 
(building) tenshiido (天 1 堂 j. 

Catliolic, n. (Koman) Tenshukyo-to 
(天主教 徒); Rormkyo-to (羅馬 教徒) 
Katorikkukyo no shmja, 

Catbolicism, n. Roman , Ten- 

shukyo (天主教). 
Catliolic ity, n. doryd no hiroi koto. 
Catkin, n. neko ; enokoro (柔 第》 
Cat's-cradle, n. tasuki-dori ; aya- 

Cat's-eye, n. ioiribo-dama. 
Cat's-paw, n. (dupe) chochin-mochi ; 

(naut.) soyokaze ; hifu (徽 風) ; れ画 - 

pil (軟風). ' 
Cattle, n. kachiku (家畜) ; (bovine 

species) gyu (牛) La.n. hifci (疋) ] ; 

(including horses) gyicba (牛馬). 
breeding, hokugyu (ft 牛). 

Cattle-plague, n. gyueld (牛疫). 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 129 ] 


Catty, n. kin (斤). 

Cauldron, n. kama ; (for boiling 
water for tea) chagama. 

^jauliflower, n. hcma-na ; hana- 

Oaulk, t.v. ni/maki-hada wo ume-ru. 

Cause, n. (ground) sJiisai (仔細) ; 
jiifil (拿 由) ; wake ; riyii (理由) ; jiko 
(事故) ; (reason why) dori (道理) ; 
wake ; (suit) jiken (事件) ; fthat which 
produces an effect) kongen (根元) ; 
kompon (根本) ; gen-in (ま 因) ; moto 
no okori. 

and effect, (Buddhist reli- 
gion) ingwa (因果); (pMl.) genin- 
た e た; a« "(原因 結 萬). 

celebre, yumei (有名) na 

jiken (事件). 

final , kekkyoku (結局). 

first , hottan (f^^sg; ; gen-in 


for this , kono yue rd. 

for what , nani yue ni. 

proximate , Hn-in (近因). 

remote , en-in (遠因 j. 

to make common , kybdd- 

ん i (共同一致) s ; hybshin-ddryoku 
(協' じ、 同 力) s. ' " 

■without apparent , nan to 


without , yue naku. 

Cause, t.v. no I moto rd nam ; hiki- 
okosu ; shqji-ru ; -Qsiially expr. by 
the causative form of the yerb ; as, 

to to eat, tahesase-ru [from 


to to rain, furase-riC [from 

to to weep, nakase-ru [from 


to to write, kakase-ru [from 


When the action is expr. by a noun, 
sase-ru, or kake-ru is used ; as, 
to hardship, nanjft (|(|^) 

to trouble, tekadzu wo 


Causeless, a. yue naki ; yoridokoro 
no nai ; kcare no nai ; icake no nai ; 
riyii (3^ 由) no tiai. 

causelessly, adv. yue naku ; iware 
naku ; wake naku ; riyii 7iaku. . 

Causelessness, n. equiv. of Cause- 
less foil, by koto. :■ 

Causeway, n. dote-micU. 

Caustic, n. (moxa) hyii (灸 ). 

lunar , shosangin (; Sfgf 銀); 

rapisu. '; 

vJausnc, a. hiniJcu na ; (chem:) kasei- 
(苛性) ; as, 

soda, kasei-soaa. •' 

Caustically, adv. hiniku ni. 

Cauterize, t.v. oii/shakuhd (灼^) wo 
hodokosii ; (apply moxa) nijlcyu (灸) 
wo sue-ru. 

cautery, n. (application) shakuho 
(灼 法); (iron) yaki-gote ; (with moxa) 
kyuten (灸點 ). 

uaution, n. (provident care) ydjin 
(用心); keikai (警戒); (warning) 
imashime ; keikai. 

Caution, t.v. imashime'ru ; isame-7'u ; 
nil keikai s. 

Caution-money, n. hoshbkin (f^|f 
金) ; (of a servant) mimoto-kin. 

Cautious, a. ydjin-hukcd ; ydjin no 
yoi ; (over-prudent) shoshin (小心) 

to "be over , yojm shi-sugi-ru. 

Cautiously, adv. ydjin shite ; keikai 
shite ; ki wo tsukete. 

over , shdshin-yokuyoku ; yo- 


Cautiousness, n. equiv. of Cauti- 
ous foil, by koto ; (excess of prud- 
ence) shoshin. 

Cavalcade, n. gydretsu (行歹 ij). . 

Cavalry, n. kihel 

regiment, kihei う *mtai (騎兵 


...... soldier, kihei (騎兵). 

lig-ht , keikihei (輕辦 兵). 

prepare for ■! kihei ni yoi 


Cave, n. hora-ana ; iwaya ; gankutsu 
(巖廣 ). 

dwellers (of ancient Japan), 

tsuchi-gumo. . -.. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 130 ] 

Cave, i.v. to in, meri-komu ; 

Cavern, n. v. Cave. 
Cavil, i.v. fu-rikutsu (不理; ffij れ 'o iu ; 
he-riicutsu wo iu. 

Cavil, n. fu-rikuisu ; he-rikutsu. 
Caviller, n. rikutsuka (理屈 家). 
Cavity, n. (hollow) kuhomi. 

of the eye, gankwa (H^ 窩). 

Caw, i.v. karakara to naku ; naku. 
Cawing", n. karasu no nakigoe. 
C ay e n n e-pepper , n. tdgarashi. 
Cease, i.v. (lapse) shdmetsu (消滅) s ; 

(come to an end) owaru ; (stop) 

yamu ; loaomaru. 
Cease, t.v. yame-ru ; yosu ; teishi 

(1? 止) s ; todome-ru. 
Ceaseless, a. taema no tvd ; yama- 

nai ; kandan (間 斷) no nai. 
Ceaselessly, adv. taema naku ; 

shikiri ni ; kiri-nashi ni ; kandan 


Ceaselessiiess, n. equiv. of Cease- 
less foil, by kvio. 

Cecropis alpestris, anagura-tsu- 
hame ; tokkuri-isubame. 

Cedar, n. (of Japan) sugi. 

Cede, t.v. yudzuru ; joyo (讓與 ) s ; 
(territory) katsujd (割 讓) s. 

Ceiling, n. tenjo (天井) ; (supported 
from above instead of below) tsuri- 

coffered , gotenjo (合 天井). 

Celadon, n. (porcelain) seiji (靑磁 )• 
pale , tsukiyo-seiji. 

Celandine, n. kusa no o. 

poppy, kusa-yamabuki. 

Celebrate, t.v. (hononr by cere- 
monies oi joy) iwau ; shuku (祝) s ; 
matsuru [generally used in connec- 
tion "With religious ceremonies] ; 
(solemnize) okonau ; kyoko (擧 行) s. 

to a marriage, kekkon- 

shiki (結婚式) wo age-ru. 
Celebrated, a. nadakai ; yumei (有 
名) 7ia ; kdmei (高名) net; chomei 
(著名 )n な; ichijirushii. 
place, meisho (名所). 

product, meibuisu ; meisan 

(名 產). 

Celebration, n. (of a festival) 
mais-uri ; iicai ; (act of) eqiiiv. of 
Celebrate foil, by koto ; shukuga 
(祝賀) ; ( commemorative fete) shuku- 
ten (祝典). 

of a marriage, kefcfcon- 

shiki ; ん wi ひ i (婚儀). 

Celebrity, n. (fame) kdmei (高 明) ; 
chomei (著お) ; meiyo (名 譽); (person 
of distinction) goketsu {^M) ; chomei 
na hito ; yumei na hiio ; kdmei na 
hito ; seiho (聲 望) no aru hito ; raimei 
(雷 ま) れひ hito ; Icikoeta hito. 
Celerity, n. jinsoku (迅速). 
Celery, n. * ; oranda-mitsuba. 
Celestial, a. ten (天) no. 

bodies, tentai (天 JIO' 

Empire, Ghiikwa (中華). 

equator, tenkyu-sekidd (天球 


globe, kontengi 軍 天 儀). 

Celibacy, n. dokushin (獨 身); hitori- 

gurashi ; hitori-mi. 
Celibate, n. hitori-mono ; dolcu shin- 
mono ; hitoH-mi. 
Cell, n. (biol.) scdhd (細胞); (of a 
lunatic) oH ; (prison) kambo (檔 房). 

of honey, hachi no ana. 

dark , anshitsu (暗室). 

police .s, ryuchijo (留匱 所). 

solitary , missliitsu (密室). 

Cellar, n. anagura ; mono-oki. 
Celtis sinensis, e no ki. 

Cement, n. *. 

to coat with. , semento cLe 

tsugi-awase-ru, or seisiigd (接合) s. 
Cement, t.v. (broken china, by 
baking) yaki-tsugi s ; (fig.) aicasu ; 
musxibu ; ketsugo (結合) s. 
Cemetery, n. hakasho ; haJcdba ; 
Zkk'M (墓地); mcfisSdw' (埋夤 地); kyo- 
do-lochi (共同墓地); [the last is a 

blic , distinct from cemeteries 

ached to temples]. 
Cenotapli, n. (acc. to Buddhist rites) 
ihai ; (acc. to Shinto rites) tamashiro ; 
(of stone) kinenhi ( fill 念碎) ; sekihi 
(石碑) ; ishidzuka. 


Hosted b ん OO ヌ 

[ 131 ] 


Censer, n. koro {WS)- 
Censor, n. ken-etsu-kwan (檢 簡官) ; 
(Chinese) cjyoshi (御 史). 

of the press, kenkdkwm 

(撿稿 官). 
Censorship, n. km-etsu. 

of the press, kenko (檢 稿). 

Censorate, n. keihdkyoku (警保 局). 

Censorious, a. (of a person) kogoto- 
dzuki na ; kuchi-yakamashii. 

Censure, n. togame ; hihyd (批評) ; 
Mnan (#|(^) ; kenseki (籠 貴). 

vote of (pari.), fushinnin- 

ketsugi (不信任 决議 ). 

Censure, t.v. iogame-ru ; hihyd (批 
#p) s ; hinan s ; kenseki s. 

Census, n. jinkdhyd (人口 表); (statis, 
tical) kokusei-chbsa (齒^ H き). 

officer (at mayor's office), 

koseki-ri (戸籍 吏). 

to take the , nimbetsu (人別) 

wo aratame'ru ; kokb (戸口) wo 
chosa (調: g) s. 

Cent, n. (coin) sen (錢 ). 

one , issen. 

oae-tenth of a , ichirin. 

tea s, ikkwan [rikislia-man's 


Cent, per , hyakuhun (百 分) no. 

five per , gobu. 

ten per , ichiwari, 

twenty per , niicari. 

two per , nibu. 

two and half per , nibu- 


Centenarian, n. hyakusai (百 歳) 
no hifo. 

Centenary, n. hy akune n-klnensai 

(百年 紀念 祭). 
Centennial, a. (happening every 
hundred years) hyakunen ni ichido 
(一度) 服 ' 
Centering", n. kydka (拱 架). 
Centigraile, a thermome- 
ter, hyakudo no kandankei (寒暖 
計) ; sesshi-ka nda nke i (攝 氏). 

Cenxipede, n. mvkade. 
spider , geji-geji. 

Central, a. mamiaka no ; ehm (中央) 
no ; chfishin (中, |>) no. 

bureau, c ん (中央 局). 

the g^overnnient, ^hud-seifu 

(中央政府 )• 
Centralization, n. chuo-shuken (中 
央集權 ). 

Centralize, t.v. cMshin (中 j 亡、) ni 
atsiime-ru ; hitotsu-tokoro ni iorimato- 
me-ru ; chuo ni atsume-ru ; (of govern- 
ment) chuo-shuken ni s. 

Oentre, n. mannaka ; mashin ; chfi- 
shin (わじ、); child (中央); (of an 
army) chugun (中 軍); (of gravity) 
juryoku-chushin (重; (| 中 'じ、); jushin 

trade , shogyd no yochi (要地) ; 

shogyo no chushin. 

Ceiitrifiig-al, a force, rishin- 

ryoku (離 心 力); richuryoku (離 
中 力); enshinryoku (逮, じ、 力); hi- 
sanryoku (飛散 力). 
pump, rishmdo-pompu. 

Centripetal, a force, cMisMn- 

ryoku (中, 亡、 力); kymJwiryoku (求 
ふ 力). ' 
Century, n. hyakunen (IT 年); isseiki 
(一世紀). ' 

the ninetenth. , juku-seikl. 

the present , (jm-seiki (現 

世紀). ■ 
C eplialotaxus drupacea, imi- 
gaya ; hebo-gaya ; (id. yar.) chosen-' 
(jaya ; tcxjaya. 

tjereal, n. kokurui (穀 額) ; kokumotsu 

the 5 s, gokoku (五穀). 

oereal, a. kakurui no ; kokumotsu 
no ; gokoku no. 

Oerebellum, n. shdnd (小 腦). 
Cerebral, a. tabid (大 腦) no; (in 
Chinese compounds) no- ; as, 

hemorrhage, nd-ikketsu (臈 


Cerebrum, n. taind (大腦 ). 

Ceremonial, a. reisMki (it j^) no ; 
reigi (總 儀) no ; shiki (式) no ; reihd 
(in§fe} no ; gishiki (儀式) no. 

Ceremonial, n. gishiki (儀式). 

Ceremonious, a. (particular about 
forms) katakunishii ; r/ishiki-batta ; 
gishiki ni nadzxmda. 

Hosted by 



[ 132 ] 


Ceremony, n. (form) shiki (式) ; 
gishiki m-^) ; 7*eis7iifcU 鱧 式); rdhd 
(iS 法); (propriety) enryo (遠慮). 

board of ies, shikihu-shoku 

(式部 職). 

closing" (pari.), heijoshiki (閉 

場 式). 1 ■ 

don't stand on , aozo go e れ- 

ryo naku ; go yosha (容赦) naku. 
master of ies, shikihukwan 

(式部官). , e .1 、 7 . 

opening' (or a railway), kai- 

tsu-shiki (開通式). 

please speaJi wiTJJiout , 

enryo naku o hamtshi nasal. 

to use , nilkamau. 

without , ikinari ni ; huenryo 

(無遠慮) ni ; hureiko (fel 鱧講) ni. 

without the sligJbLt , enryo- 

eshaku (遠慮 會釋) 髓 naJcu. 

Certain, a. (sure) tashika na ; kaku- 
jitsu (確 實) no ; hakkiri shita ; utagai 
no nai ; hanzen (判然) to shita. 

a , aru ; in Chinese com- 
pounds ho- (某) ; (the one you and 
I wot of) rei no ; ano. 

a country, hbkoku (某 國). 

don't know for , sMka to wa 

shiranai ; yoJcu.wa shir ami. 

I know for , tashika ni shitte 


― is it quite ? soi (相違) wa 

gozaimasenu ka ; tashika desu lea. 

on a day, arw hi no koto de. 

there was a man, nanigashi 

to iu hito ga otta. 

Certainly, adv. (by all means) pea 
ni mo ; (of course) mochiron ; (with- 
out fail) kitto ; Jcamradzu ; tashika 
ni ; kakujUsu ni ; (without doubt) 
Yes, : ! yd gozaimasu to mo I 

Certainty, n. Jcimatta koto ; hiisiijo 
(必定) ■ koto ; kakujUsu (ま 實). 

Certificate, ' n. shdmeisho (證明 書) ; 
s/i5s7iO (證 書); 5ん5?710れ (證 文). 

of competency, (navig.) 

kaigi-menid (、喊 免状); (general) 
giryd-shomeisho (iJIPBif ^hst). 
'medical ......, yodai-gaki ; shin- 

dansho 書) ; shinsatsv.sho 
察 書). 

C ertificat ion, n. shdmei ; equiy. of 
Certify 鼠 by koto. 

Certified, a copy, seihon 


Certify, t.v. (as a witness) shogen 
(證 a) s ; (aTithenticate) kakunin 
(確認 5 s ; ( authenticate, a dociiment 
or fact) shdmei s ; ninsho (i 忍 霧 f ) s 
[Cr. Pro.] ; (endorse) ni/okugaki wo 
s ; nilokuin- (奧 印) wo s ; (testify) 
uke-au ; hosho (保 證) s. 

Cerumen, n. mimi-aka. 
Cessation, n. telsM {^ih) ; chusM 

(中止). 一 
Cession, n. jdyo (讓與 ) ; yudzuri- 

watashi ; katsujd (割 識). 
Cess-pool, n. osui-dame ; gesul-dame. 
Ceylon, n. Seiran (錫 蘭). 
Cliafe, t,v. (excite heat) suri-atatame- 

ru ; (irritate) shakuru ; geld (激) sase- 

ru ; okorase-ru ; (rub) suru ; kosuru ; 

masatsu (摩擦) s. 
Chafe, i.v. (be irritated mentally) 

geki s ; (of the skin) suri-miike-ru ; 

(wear by rubbing) sure-ru ; suri-heru. 

to against, nijsure-au. 

Chaff, n. kara ; nuka ; (joking) Jcara- 

kai ; hiyakashi ; (of rice) momigara. 
Clia.ff; t.Y. nilkarakau ; loo/hiyakasu ; 

warau ; haka ni s ; guro s ; 

(a woman) ndburu ; nahuri-mono ni s. 

Cliaff, i. マ.. jddan (笑 談) wo iu. 
Cliafing-clisli, n. hihacM. 
Chagrin, n. hammon (煩悶) ; kokoro- 

Chain, n. kusari. . 

armour, kusari-kaiahira. 

...... of mountains, (連山): 

shot, rensadan (鍵 # さ 單) ; 

saremZa れ (鎖 鏈彈 ). 

mountain , sammyaku (山脈). 

Chain, t.v. kusari de isimagu ; nij 
kusari wo tsuJce-ru. 

Cliain-pump, n. kusari-pompu. 

Chair, n. koshikake ; isu ; [a.n. kya- 
ku\ ; [koshikake is applied by Japan- 
ese to any piece of furnitiire used as 
a seat ; isu (椅子) is the armchair 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ le 


[ 133 ] OHA 

used* by a priest at religious cere- 
monies] ; (for a rail) makura ; (pro- 
fessorial) koza (講座). 

sedan , kago. 

the (cliairman), kwaicJio (會 

- 長 )-; gicho. - 

to take the ., gichd-seJci (議 ♦ 

席) ni tsuku ; kwaichd-seki ni 


Chair-bearer, n. kago - kaki ; 

Cliairman, n. (of a company) 
shaclib (社 區) ; (of a meeting) kwaicho 
(會 長) ; giaho (議 良).; kwaishu (會 主). 

of committee, iincho (§S 

星 長). 

Cli airmail sliip, n. equiv. of Chair- 
man foil, by no sliolcu (職). 

Clialk, n. (for blackboards) hakuhoku 
(白墨); (for painting and the toilet) 
• 卯/ (胡 粉). 

Cliallt, t.v. hakuhoku de shirusu. 

Challeng-e, t.v. (a judge for partia- 
lity, etc.) /d/iM 忌避) s [Civ. Pro., Cr. 
Pro.]; (a Htatem ent ) hakugeki (駭擊 ) s ; 
(demand) ybkyii ^ 5 (to a tight) 

ni/kenkwa (n 宣 I 華) wo fiikkake^ru ; (to 
combat, by letter) ni/hatasht)0 wo 
isuke-ru ; nijkettojo (决 翻狀) wo tsuke- 
ru ; ni/hatashi-ai wo moshi-komu [also 

; used of a verbal challenge]. 

Clialleng-e, n. (of a judge) kihi 
避) ; (spoken) ketio no moshi-komi ; 
(written) kettd-jd ; hatashi-jd. 

Chalybeate, a. tetsu wo fukumu ; 

tetsu no aru. 
waters, ganteisu-sui (含 

. 鐵 水). 

Chamaecyparis, n. (c. obtusa) M- 
noki ; (var. Icamakura) Mb a ; ogon- 
Mb a ; mshn-hiba ; kenjaku-hiba ; (c. 
pisifera) sawara. 

Cliameleon, n. sMchlmen-tokage. 
Cliamoerops excelsa, shuro (; g 

Chamber, n. (of a gun) yakushitsu 
(藥 室); (of the Diet) gijishitsu (議 
事 M)' ; が' JO (議蕩 ) ; [room) ma ; shitsu 
(室 )5 heya. • - 

air , kishitsu (氣 室). 

bed , nema ; shinsJdtsu (寐 '至). 

of commerce, shdgyd-kwai- 

Gisho (商業 會議 所). . 

combustion , nensho-shiisu 

(燃燒 室). 

steam , Jcisfiitsu ijM,'^}' 

Chamberlain, n. jija (待 從) ; (of a 
noble) karei (家令). 

grand ...... ,jijuchd (侍從 長). 

Chamber-pot, n. shibin (ミ i 瓶) ; 
henJci (便器). 

Cliamois-leatlier, n. sMka-gaiva. 

Cliamomile, n. kami-tsure. 

Champ, t.v. kamu. 

Cliampagiie, n. skampan-ishu) (三 
鞭 酒). 

Cliampion, n. smshu (選手). 

wrestler, dzeki (大 ||) ; hi no 

shita kaimn 山). 

the world's bicyclist, 

sekai-ichi no jitensha-nori. 
Championsbii), n flag, 

yfishdJci (優勝旗). 
Chance, n. (fortuity) sciiwai (幸) ; 
gyoko (僥 凑); (likelihood of an 
occurrence) kidzukai ; (opportunity) 
kikicai (機 會). 

a mere (of good luck), kdbore- 

zaiwai ; hon no saiwai. 

by , ful to ; giizen (偶然) ni ; 

omoigake naku ; fui (不意) ni ; fui 

to shite ; (luckily) saiwai ni. 

by one in a thousand, 

man-ichi ; man ni hitotsu. 

by some ....... do iu hadzumi ka. 

if by any he should come, 

moshi ya ano hiio ga kitara. 

I'll try my , ichika hachika 

yatie miyd. 

I will give him another , 

ano hito ni kondo ica yurushiie 

to happen by , fuji ni aru ; 

guzen ni aru. 
Chance, i.v. to to be present, 

i-awase-ru. ' 
Cliancel, n. 气 

Cliancre, n. kansd (麻 瘡) ; gekan 

Hosted by 



[ 134 ] OHA 

ChLandler, n. rbsokushb (礙燭 商) ; 

Cliang'e, t.v. (alter) kae-ru ; henkb 
(變更 ) s ; (an object which is in a 
box) ire-kae-ru ; (exchange) iori-kae- 
ru ; kokwan (交 @) s ; (for the better) 
xcojaratame-ru ; (into small coin) ku- 
dzusu ; komakai no ni s ; komakaku 
s ; kowasu ; (paper money for specie) 
dakwan (免換 3 s, 

to clothes, kimono wo 


to horses, boats, vehicles, 

etc., n' ri-kae'ru, 

to house, tentaku (歸 宅) s ; 

ie wo kae-ru. 

to money, kane v:o hiki-kae- 

ru ; rybgae s. 

to one's habits, (for the 

better) kaishin (改 j じ、) s ; (for the 
worse) henshin (變, じ、) s' 

to one's mind, hengae s, 

to one's party (in politics), 

shugi (^^) wo Icae ru, 

to one's socks, tdbi wo ha- 


Cliang'e, i.v. kaicaru ; henji'ru ; hen- 
kwa (® ず 匕) s ; (for the better) yoku 
naru ; aratamciru ; (for the worse, of 
habits, etc.) henshin (戀' じ、) s ; (gra- 
dually) utsuru ; (of a metamorphosis) 
hake'ru ; henji'ru ; (of colour) hen- 
shojcu (變, 色 ) s ; (of habits, for the 
better) IcaisMn (改, じ、) s ; zen ni utsu- 
' ru ; zempi ゆ U 非) wo aratame-ru. 

to ...... to black, kiiro ni hake-ru. 

Cliang'e, n. (act of) equiv. of 
Change foil, by koto ; (exchange) 
hiki-kae ; kokwan ; (intentional 
alteration) henkd (由 更) ; (natural 
alteration) kawari ; henkwa {^it) ; 
(of a sum of money) hiki-kae ; (of 
habits, for the better) kaishin ; (of 
habits, for the worse) henshin ; (of 
ministry) kotetsu (交 迭) ; (of seasons) 
kawari ; (of train) norikae ; (out of a 
sum of money) tsuri ) (small coins) 

of clothes, kigae. 

of occupation, shobai-gae. 

of place, toJcoro gae. 

...... s (vicissitudes), uimri-ka/wa- 

ri ; hensen (^^) - " 

I have no small , Jcomakai 

no ga nai. 

there is no ....... kawari ga nai. . 

to take a of ま for one's 

health, tenchi-ryoyo (ft 地 療養) s. 
to undergo a (of condi- 

tions), ippen (一 變) s, 

violent , gekihen (激 變). 

without a (of train), nori- 

kaenai de ; chokko (直行) de. 

Cliang"eable, a. (fickle) utsuri- 
yasui ; akippoi ; kawari-yasui ; henji- 
yasui ; utsurigi na ; muraki na ; (in 
love) uwaJd, na. 

Cliang-eableness, n./wjo (不定) na 
koto ; akippoi koto ; kawari-yasui 
koto ; utsurigi na koto ; uwatsuku 
koto ; utsuri-yasui koto ; henji-yasui 
koto ; (in love) uwaki na koto. 

Cliaiigeably, adv. akippoku ; kawa- 
ri-yasuku ; utsuri-gi ni ; utsuri- 
yasuku ; muramura to ; henji-yasuku ; 
(m love) uwaki ni. 

Change-shop, n. ryogae-ya, 

Channel, n. (among shoals) miyo ; 
funa-michi ; suiro (水路) ; (gutter) 
mizo ; (strait) seio ; kaikyo (淘 き. 
Bungp .•...., JBun.go-n.ada. 

marks, miyo-gui ; miyo - 

jirushi ; (bxiojs) juhyd (浮標). 

throug-h. the proper , soto 

(相 當) no tetsudzuki wo hete ; so れひ 
suji wo hete. 

Cliailt, t.v. ginjl'ru ; utau. 

Chant, n. uta ; shoka (唱歌) ; (of the 
Monto sect of Buddhists) eika (詠歌). 

Cliaos, n. kontoji (渾 f^) ; somai (草 
昧) ; (confusion) konzatsu (混 雜) ; 
konran (r^lL) ; gotagota. 

Cliap, n. (a sore) aka-gire ; (crack) 

Cliap, i.v. wajhibi ga kire'ru ; (of the 
earth) hi-imre-ru ; sake-ru, 

Cliapel, n. reihaidd (禮萍 堂) ; sho- 
haidd (小萍 堂) ; shokyodo (小教 堂). 

Cliapiallen, a. utsumuite oru. 
to be , utsumuku, 

Cliapletj n. (beads) juzu (數珠 ). 

Hosted by 


"ヌ ' 


[ 135 ] OHA 

Cliaplain, n. (of a Legation) sokwan 
((!" 官); (of a prison) kydkicaishi (教 
誨師 ). 

army , rikugun-kicaishi (陸 

軍誨師 ). ' 

navy , kaigiin-kwaishi (海軍 

海 師). ' 

Cliapmaii, n. (peddlar) kbshonin (行 
商人); tahi-akindo. 

Chapter, n. shb (窣) ; hm (篇) ; (of 
a story-teller's tale) seJci (席). 

Char, t V. kogasu ; (reduce to char- 
coal) sumi ni yaku. 

Cliar, i.v. koge-ru ; (be reduced to 
charcoal) sumi ni yctke-ru. 

Character, n. (disposition) wnare- 
tsuki ; seishitsu リ生 焚); shorai (性 
來) ; (letter) monji (文字) ; ?れリ i< (文 
字) ; ji (字) ; (of a servant) suisenjo 
(推薦状) ; hinkd-shdmeisho (品行 證明 
書) ; (nature) seishitsu ; (reputation) 
hydban (評判); meihun (名聞); rei- 
bun (令聞). 

a (eccentric person), kawari- 


a man of "bad , hyohan no 

warui hito. 

a man of fine , hitogara (人 

柄) no yoi hito. 

a man of strong" , srdkkari 

shita hito. • 

a man's (disposition), jim- 

hutsu (人物). 

ancient Japanese ., jinclai- 

moji (神代文字) [supposed]. 

is cleared, mi no akari ga 


chief (in a novel), shujinko 


chief male (in a play), shu- 
jinko (主人公). 

Chinese , Kcinji (漢字)' 

European , yokomoji. 

female (in a play), oyama ; 


index of difficult CJiinese 

s (arranged ace. to number 

of strokes), kenji (檢 字). 

male (in a play), tachi-yaku, 

minor male (in a play), 


real ••....., honsho (本性). 

Sanscrit , honji (梵字). , 

to clear one's , mi no akari 

wo iate-ru. 

to get a bad , hydbmi ga 

waruku nam ; na ga warulcu nam ; 
meibd wo ushinau ; ioa\gicaibun ga 
waruku nam [the lust is now 
generally used in the sense of 
" feeling shame "]. 

to regain one's , hyohan i€0 


Characteristic, n. (distinctive 
quality of a person) mochimae ; 
kuse ; tokushitsu (特赏 ) ; tokusei (特 
性); (of a thing) tachi ; tokushusu ; 
toJaishoku (特 

bad , warui kuse. 

natural , umaretsuki ; sei- 
shitsu (性質). 

Characteristic, a. tokuyil (特有) 
no ; dokutoku (^#) no 

it is of the man, ano hito 

no tokushitsu (特質) desu. 

Japan's art, Nihon tokuyu 

no hljutsu. 

Characterize, t.v. the dis- 
honesty which s that 

people, mio jimmin (人民) れ o toku- 
sei (特' li) to natte oru fushdjUci (不 

to be d by (of a disease), 

icoltokucho (特徵 ) to s. 

to as, to hi 鶴 n (非 雛) s. 

Charcoal, n. sumi ; (in balls) tadon. 
animal ...... ,《?7 《ねれ (獣 炭). 

hard , katazumi. . 

porous , sakura-zurm. 

wood , mokutan (木!^). 

Cliarcoal-box, n. smni-tori, 
Cliarcoal-buriier, n. sumi-yaki. 
Cliarg'e, n. (accusation) uttae ; koku- 
so (告 ま) ; (accusation, by an offi- 
cial, in that capacity) kiso (起訴); 
(attack) shmqeki (進 攀) ; totsugeki (突 
擊); tokkwan (突貫); slmgeki (襲 
旨) ; kdgeki (攻變 ) ; (criminal) han- 
zai no kado ; (expense) dai (代); 
ryd (料); daikin (代金); daika (代 
後) ; (for transport) unchin (運 赏) ; 
unsochin (運送 赏) ; (for wages) chin- 
sen (賃錢 ); chmgin (賈 金); (of a 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 136 ] 


gun) hatsuhun (f 尊 分); tenso (堪 装); 
: home ; (of electricity) sekiden (積 電) ; 
(price demanded for a service) kaki- 
、 dashi; ryd (料) ; (trust) nin (任) ; 
. selwiin (夤 任). 

for labour, temaehin. 

..... for paper, kami-dai. 

s, (on estates) sozei (租税) ; 

(taxes) torltate-kin. 

doctor in of a case, shu- 

nin (主任) no isha. 

doctor's , shinsatsuryo (診察 

; 料). ' 

is open to the of "being 

― —— , no kirai aru. 

miscellaneous s, zappi (雑 

鹽)' , 

on "what ? nan no kado de. 

the person in (of any 

given work), kakari no hito ; shu- 
nin (主任). no hito. 

the pupils under his , uke- 

mochi no sexto (生徒). 

to be in of (certain duties), 

' woltor'i-atsukau. 

to be put in of (an affair), 

ico/inin sare-ru ; wojitaku sare-ru. 

to give in , (an affair) wo I 

makasu ; ico/taku (^) s ; wo/inin 
(委任) s; wo/itaJcu (委 お) s; (a 
thing) wo/adzuke-ru ; (deliver over 
to a judicial officer) wo/hiJci- 

to have of, ukemotsu ; adzu- 


to put down to a person's 
...... (in an a/c book), no/kayoi ni 

s ; 7io/kayoichd ni kisai (記載) s ; 
nojkan^o (勘定) ni kaki-nose-ru. 

to reduce tlie (in a gun), 

sbryb (装 料) w^o geiiji-ru. 

to sound the , shugeki no 

. aidzu wo s ; shingekifu (ミ佳 擊譜) 
wo so (奏) s. 

: to take of (a thing), wo/ 

adzukaru ; wo/hokwan (保管 j s. . 

to take over of (official 

work), wo/hiki-tsugn. 

Charge, t.v. (accuse, of a public pro- 
: secTition) kokuhatsu (告發 ) s ; (of the 
: complainant) woluttae-ru ; ico/kokuso 
' (告 1^) s ; (a weapon) ni/tamagome s ; 
• nilkome'ru ; ni/tenso s ; (levy) chbshu 
- (徵收 ) ,s; (place to the debit of) 

chomen (帳面) ni tsuke-ru ; chomen 
ni kinyu (fEA) s ; (rush, upon) nij 
kakatte iJcu ; nilshi-kakatte iku ; woj 
kogeki (攻 s ; wo/osou ; icoj shu- 
geki s. 

' to Tbe d with (a mission), 


to a mine, kwakb ('人 i^), or 

jiraikwa (地雷火), wo socfii (装 ま) 

to —; ~ with , [no) 

tsumi wo ni Jcise-ru. 

diarge, i.v. kogeki s ; sh'mgeJd s ; 
tofsugeki s ; shugeki s. 

lie d 10 yen, ju yen totta. 

how much, do you ? ikura 

toru ka. 

Chargeable, a. (of an impost, etc.) 
Jam-suhelci ; owasu-heki. 

Cliarg-e-d'affaires, n. dairi-kdshi 

(f^ 理 公使).. 

ad interim, rinj i-dair i-kd shi 

. (臨時 代理公使). 

Charger, n. gumha (軍馬), 

Cliariot, n. gunsha ; helsha (兵車). 

Cliaritable, a. jihi-hukai ; nasake- 
hukai ; jizen-'bulcai ; jizenshin no 
fukai ; jizen no ; (in judging others) 
kwanjln-taido I 寬仁 大度) na ; kwan- 
dai (寬大 ) na ; kwanyo (1 容) na, 

disposition, jishin (慈心) ; 

jizenshin (琴 善' じ、) ; jinshin (仁 '亡、). 

institution, jikei-in (慈惠 

院 )• 

Charitableness, n. equiv. of 
Charitable foil. Dy koto. 

Cljaritably, adv. jlhl-hukaJm ; ji- 
. zen-hukaku ; nasake-oukaku ; nasake 
wo kakete ; (in judging others) 
kwanjin-taido ni ; kanyo 7ii ; kwandai 

Cliarity, n. (alms) hodokoshi ; se- 
motsu (威 物) ; (benevolence) jinkei 
(仁 惠) ; jizm (慈善) ; jizenshin (慈善 
心) ; (m judging others) kwanyo ; 

act of , jizen-shogyo ; (secret) 

mtoku (陰 德). , 

bazaar, jizenkwai (慈善 會). 

fund, jlzen-kikin (慈善 基金). 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 137 ] 


: 一.. hospital, jizen-lybin (慈善 病 
院) り 'i お e レ&ジ 5m (慈惠 病院). 

school, jizen-gakko (慈善 


fjliarlatan, n. (boaster) hora-fuki ; 
(in learning) ese-gakusha ; (quack) 

Clia'rm, n. (amiability) aikyo (愛嬌) ; 
(amulet) mamori ; mayoke ; gofii ま 
符) ; (magic spell) maj'inai. 

Chairm, t.v. mayowase-ru ; (delight) 

to be ea by, nilmitore'ru ; ni/ 

shinsui し亡 、酉 s. 

Charming", a. aikyo no am : (of a 
person) hore-bore suru yo na ; aikyo 
no aru ; (of a thing) mltoreru yd ni 
utsukushii ; hijo ni utsukushii [the 
last is always used in jest]. 

Chart, n. (sea) kaidzu 畴圖) ; (piece 
of pasteboard on which information 
is exhibited) hayamihyd. 
Charter, n. (document bestowing 
rights) tokkyojo (特許 状) ; (of a ship) 
cMntaishaku (買 食 借) [Com Go.]. 

provisional , kari-menkyo 


Charter, t.v. yatou ; yatoi-ire-ru ; 

chinshaku (草 借) 5 ; kari-ire'ru. 

d ship, yatoi-sen ; (by govt.) 

- goydsen (御用 船). 
Charterer, n. (of a ship) cUnshaku- 

nin (賈 借人) [Com. Co.] ; yosensha 

(傭船 者). ■ 
Charter-party, n. fune-yatoi-ire- 

keiyaku ; yatoisen-keiyakusho ; chin- 


Cliase, t.v. okkake-ru ; ou ; tsuigeki 
(追 擊) s ; (game) karu ; (metal) uchi- 
dasu ; (ornament) chokoku (彫刻) s. 

to away, oi-tate'ru ; op- 

par au. 

Cliase, n. (of animals) kar'i ; jitryd 
(獸躐 ) ; (of an enemy) tsuigeki (追 
擊) ; oi-uchi .; (printing) * ; (pursuit) 
tsuikyu (追窮 )• 

Cliasm, II, sakeguchi ; ware-me. 
Cliaste, s. (of design) assari shita ; 
■ (of style) kanketsu (簡潔) na ; (of 
men) kaiai ; doioku (道 德) no ; (of 

women) teisetsu (貞節.) na ; teiso (貞 
操) na ; mimochi no ii ; misao-tada- 

woman, teijo (貞女). 

Chasten, t.v. (correct by punish- 
ment) chdji (懲' 冶) s ; korashime-ru ; 
fc-sei (矯正) s.; (punish) sekkan (Jff 
&) s ; kenseJci (籠 責) s. 

Chastise, t.v. korasu ; korashime- 
ru ; chobatsu (懲 詩) .9 ; (with arms) 
seibatsu (征伐) s ; seitd (征討) s, 

to ..... . a rebel, cMteki (朝敵) 

wo utsu. 

Chastisement, n. cAS&c? お m (懲罰) ; 
korasUme ; (with arms) seibatsu (征 
伐) ; seitd. 

Chastity, n. (of men) dotoku ; (of 
women) teisetsu (良 節); teishuku 人氣 
'淑) ; teiso ; mimo ; shukutoku ('淑 金). 

Chat, i.v. dansho (談笑) s ; yomomma 
no hanashi wo s ; kandan (閑談) s. 

Chattels, n. (law) dosan (動 產); 
yutai-dbsan (有 棘 動 ま). - 

goods and ......, kagu (家具); 

kazai (家財). 

Chatter, i.v. (talk) shaberu ; kuchi 
ICO tataku ; tagon (^"g") 5. 

teeth , ha no ne ga awanai. 

to like mag-pies, pera-pera 

shaberu ; pecha-pecha shaberu. 

Chatter-box, n. o shaberi ; ^tagon 
na hito ; kuchi-Jcadzu no di Into. 

Chatty, a. hanasM-dzulci m: 

Cheap, a. yasui ; kakkd (格好) na ; 
choku (直) '聽; telrm (低廉) na ; ge- 
fiki (下 直) na; renka (廉 償) れつ 《 ; (of 
little worth) yasuppoi. 

a victory (of little worth), 

tsumaranai shori (#禾1』). 

and nasty, yasukmv waru- 


dirt , sutene no ; nisoku-sam- 

漏れ (二足三文) れ ; tsuhushi no. 

selling- , yasu'uri. 

that is the est price, sore 

ica ichiban (一番) gejJM (下 直) da. 

this is much er, kono ho 

wa yohodo yasui ; kore .ica yoppodo 

Hosted by^^OOgle 


[ 138 ] 


toku (德) da [lit. is considerable 

to feel (ashamed), haji - iru ; 

sekimen (赤面) s. 

Clieapen, t.v. (beat down) negiru ; 

Clieap-jack, n. ydbi-uri-akindo. 

Cheaply, adv. yasuku ; kakko (格好) 
ni ; choku (直) ni ; gelilci (下 政) れ^ ; 
renka ni ; teiren ni. 

to buy a victory , tayasuku 

shori (勝禾 Ij) ICO e-ru. 
Cheapness, n. renka ; teiren ; gejiki ; 

Clieat, t.v. damasu ; damakasu ; 
(lamakurakasu ; hikkake-ru ; tabura- 
kasu ; manchaku (疏 着) s ; (with a 
counterfeit) mayakasu ; gomakasu. 

to be ed, katari ni au. 

to be ed out of, de 

peten ni kakaru. 

to out of , de wo 

peten ni kake-ru ; wojdashi-nuku. 
Cheat, i.v. dzurui koto wo s. 
Cheat, n. (one who cheats) petenshi ; 

dzurui yatsu ; kansho (奸 商); sagi- 


Olieck, t.v. (by comparing) hifci- 
awase-ru ; (examine) shirabe-ru ; 
aratame-ru ; (hinder) samatage-ru ; 
hogai (妨害) s ; sogai (P 且碍) s ; (of 
accounts) chosa (調 叠) s ; (stop) osae- 
ru ; tome-ru ; teishi (き 止) s ; (verify) 

to the enemy, teki wo kui- 


Clieck, n. (at chess) die ; (for foot- 
gear) gesoku-fuda ; (for luggage) 
chekki ; warifuda ; ai-fuda ; (hind- 
rance) samatage ; sogai ; hbgai ; 
(pattern) gohan-jima ; henkei-jima ; 
(stop) osae ; teishi. 
to meet with, a …-, tonza (頓 
裡) wo kitasu ; tocJiii (途中) 
Clieckerboard, n. r/ohan. 
Checkers, n. go-ishi ; (game) go. 

to play , go ico utsu ; go wo 


Check-mate, n. o-isume ; d-tedzume. 

Checkmate, t.y. no/keikwaku wo 
kowasv, or daha (打 玻) s ; (in chess) 
tsume ru ; d-tsume ni s ; d-tedzume 
ni s. 

to be ed, tsume-sa serare -ru . 

Cheek, n. no ; hopeta. 

Cheek-bone, n. hd-hone ; kicankotsu 
(顧 骨). 

Cheer, t.v. (comfort) nagusame-ru ; 
(gladden) yorokobasu ; nojki wo hit- 
tate ru ; (salute) ico/kassai (喝 s. 

to on (encourage), kohu (鼓 

舞) s ; hagemasu. 

Cheer, i.v. (applaud) kassai (喝采) 
s ; (when attacking) told no koe wo 

to up, wa]ki ga hare-ru ; yoki 

ni nam. 

Cheer, n. kassai ; (when attacKing) 
told no koe. 
three s, sctnshd (三唱). 

Cheerful, a. (of persons and places) 
yoki (陽 氣) na ; (pleasing) yukicai (愉 
na ; genJci no yoi ; (smiling) mko- 
niJco to shita. 

Cheerfully, adv. (gladly) yorokonde ; 
(smilingly) niJco-niko shite ; (will- 
ingly) kokoroyoku ; iso-iso to shite. 

Cheerfulness, n. (of a place) yoki 
(陽 氣) ; yukwai (愉快) ; (of persons) 

Cheering", a. yorokcibasfdi ; yukwai 
na ; hagemasu yd na ; ki r/a hittatsu 
yd na. 

Clieering'ly, adv. hagemasu yd ni ; 

ki ga Uiitatsu yd ni. 
Cheerless, a. inki (陰 氣) ? ut ; fu- 

kwai (不' ft) na ; yilutsu 變) na. 
Cheery, a. yukwai (1 俞' I^) na ; sokwai 

(爽快) na ; yoki (陽 氣) na. 
Cheese, n. * ; kanmku (乾 酷). 
Chef-d'oeuvre, n. (a fine work) 

jodeki ; myoko (妙 ェ); meisaku (名 

作) ; kessaku (き 作) ; (chief work) 

hissei (畢生) no salcu. 
Oiiemical, n. kwaaaku-yakuhm (化 

學藥 品) ; seimlyaku (舍密 藥). 

Hosted by^^OOQle 


[ 139 ] 


Chemical, a. kwagaku (化 學) no ; 
kimqaku-jo (化' 學上) no ; kwagaku- 
な/ぶ (化學 的) れ 0. 

analysis, k wa qaku-hunsek i 

(化學 分 折). ■ 

combination, kwagaku no 

icagb (和合) ; kwago. 

compound, kicagb-hutsu (化 

合 物). 

Cliemically, adv. kwagaku-jd de ; 
kwagaku-teki ni. 

Chemise, n. jihan (襦 幹) ; shita- 
jiban ; hadagi ; juban ; (long under- 
garment worn by Japanese women) 

Chemist, n. kwagakusha (化 'St 者) ; 
(pharmaceutical) kusuri-ya ; ki- 
fjusuri-ya ; yakuzai-sni 、藥劑 lilp). 

Chemistry, n. kwagaku (f ヒ學 ). 

inorganic , muki-lcimgaku 

(無機 化 學). 

organic , yuki-kwagaku (有 

機化 學). 

ChemiilpllO, n. Jinsen (仁 川). 

Clieque, n. (bank) kor/itte ; tegaia ; 
kitte [Com. Co.]. ' • 
book, * ; kogitte-cho. 

Clierisli, t.v. (an idea, desire) Idaku ; 
motsu ; (harbour) fukumu ; (loYe) 
kawaigaru ; jiai (慈愛) s ; chdai (寵 
愛) s ; hidku (撫育 i s. 
to ...... resentment, is'7m (意趣) 

uo fukumu. 
Cherry, n. sakurambo ; sakura no 

the Imperial Garden- 
party, kwan-d-kwai (觀 櫻會 )• 
Clierry-blossom, n. sakura no 

Clierry-tree, n. sakura ; sakura no 

double , yae-zakura ; hoian- 

zakura ; chbchin-zakura. 

drooping" , shidare-zakura. 

early , higan-zakura. 

single , hitoe-zakwa. 

wild , yama-zakura. 

Cherubim, n. KeruUmu. 
Chervil, n. uikydzen. 

Cliess, n. shogi (象 棋). 

boarcl, shogi-han. 

man, shogi no koma ; koma, 

player, shogi-sashi. 

to play , shogi icq sasu. 

Chest, n. (bosom) mune ; kyobu (胸 
部) ; (box) nagamocM ; h'ltsu. 

of drawers, tansu. 

to measure the girth of one's 

, kyolcicaku (胸 腸) wo hakaru. 

Chestnut, n." (fruit) kuri. 

tree, kuri no ki. 

dried , kachiguri. 

Chestnut, a. kuri-iro no ; (of a 
horse) kurUje no. 

horse, kurige no uina. 

Clievaiix-cle-frLse, n. sakamogi ; 
(on garden wall) shinobi-gaeshi. 

Cliew, t.v. Icamu ; soshaku (姐 嚼) s ; 

to the cud, れ 'ire-kamu ; 


Chiaroscuro, n. ndtan (濃淡). 
Chicane, n. tekuda ; kankei (奸計). 
Chicanery, n. kbkatsu-shudan (狡 滑 

Chicken, n. Mna ; hiyokko. 
"breast, hato-mune. 

Chicken-breasted, a. hato-mune 

Cliicken-lieartert, a. okuhyd (騰 
病) れ a ; ki no yowai ; kyojalcu (1 去 易 3) 
na ; ikvji (jE 氣地) no nai. 

Chicken-pox, n. midzu-hosd ; suito 

Chick-weed, n. hakohe (繁樓 ). 

winter- green, tsumatoH- 


Cllide, t,v. shikar u ; hisseJci (H ヒ責) s ; 
kenseki (譴責) s ; kastki (呵寳 ) s ; 
ni/Jcogoto wo iu. 

Chief, n. (head) kashira ; toryo (統 
領); shuryo (l^M) ; (lord) shukun 
(主君) ; (master) shvj'm (主 入); (of a 
tribe) shiicho (爵艮 > ; (of robbers, 
etc.) kyokwai (巨 J^) ; oyadama ; 
kashira ; (in compounds) -chb. 
of police, keibuchd (警部 長). 

Hosted by 



[ 140 ] 


Cllief, a. omo na ; dai-ichi (第一)? k) ; 
shuyd no (主要) no ; shu to shita ; (of 
persons) kashira-datta ; omo-datta ; 
jdi (上位) no ; (of topics) kado-datta ; 
omo-datta ; shu to shita ; shuyd (主 
. 要) 710 ; saiyo (最 要) no. 

、 m comDounas may be expr. 

by -gashira oi -cho, suffixed to the 

noun ; as, coolie, ninsoku- 

' gashira. 

object, shui (主意). 

officer (of steamship), iito- 

簡 《き s/ii (—等 運轉士 )• 

seat, shoza (上座). 

secretary, shoJcikwancno (書 

記官 長). 

Cliief-justice, n. v. President. 

Cliieliy, adv. omo ni ; taitei (大抵) ; 
- moppara ; dzui-ichi (翁 一) ni ; dai- 
ichi (^^) ni-; shu to shite. 
C/liigiion, n. (natural) tabo. 
Cliilblain, n. shimo-yake. 

Cllilcl, n. ko ; kodomo ; jidd (兒 童) ; 
shoni (/J 、兒) ; (polite) o ko san. 

eldest , sbryo (寧 I) ; (fe- 
male) sbryb-musume ; chdjo ; 
(male) soryo-musuko ; chonan 

only , hitorikko. 

spoilt , dadakko. 

stillborn ., sUtaiji (死 胎兒 ). 

to be witli , raimocM de aru ; 

kwainln CSiJQ:; shite oru ; harande 

youngest , suelco ; sue no 

、 ko ; hasshi {'^^). 

Cliildbear ill g", n. san (產) ; shus- 
san (出 產) ; ko wo umu koto ; humben 

to be past , icdllminbentci ga 

sugita ; wa]otoko ni natta [vulg.]. 

Cliilclbed, n. a woman in , 

sampu (產婦 ). 

to die in , nanzan (難 產) de 

shinu ; san {M) de shinu. 

Childbirth, n. (出 產) ; 1mm- 


pains after ., ato-hara. 

pains of , mukai-hara. 

CJliilclliOOd, n. (time of) yonen (幼 
年) ; yosho (幼少) no toki ; kodomo 
nojihun (Bf ^) ; osanai toki. 

a friend of one's , chikuba 

(YrMi) no tomo. 

in one's , kodomo no toki ; 

kodomo no uchi. . . 

CliilclishL, a. kodomorashii ; shoni no 
yo na ; Jcodqmo-jimita ; oionagenai, 

to be Willi age, toshi no sei 

de toboke-ru, 

Cliilclislily, adv. kodomorashiku ; 
shoni (づ、 兒) no yo ni ; kodomo -jimite ; 
jigi (J^j^) ni hitoshiku ; otonage- 

Cliilclisliness, n. equiv. of Child- 
ish, foil, by koto. , 

Cliilcllike, a. kodomo no yd na ; 
kodomo ni niawashu ; (meek) nyiiwa 
(柔和) 德. 

Chill, n. kanki (寒 氣) ; (fig.) ojike ; 
kanshin (寒' 11、) ; (med.) okan (惡 寒) ; 
(sensation) okan (惡 寒) ; samuke. 
a came over the as- 

sembly, shukwaisha (集 言 者) ni 
ojike qa isuita. 

a ...... caugM in sleep, nebie. 

EL comes over me, samuke 

ga s ; zoJcu-zoku s. 

to catcli a , kanki (MM.) wo 

uke.rU, or hiki-komu. 

Oliill, t.v. (fig.) nolkyd (興) wo sama- 
su ; (lit.) hiyasu ; samulcu s. 

to become ed, samulcu nam. 

Cliilllness, n. ; kanki (寒 
氣) ; (of behaviour) reitan (?令 淡) ; 
re ゆ バ? 令 遇). 

C Hilly, a. samui ; kanki na ; (of 
behaviour) reitan na ; reigu na. 

a person who feels , samu- 

fjaribd ; samugari. 

to feel , samugaru ; zoku- 

zoku s. 

.Cbime, t.v. narasu. 

Cliime, i.v. to in with, (an- 

other's remark) ni/ai-dzuchi wo s ; 
(correspond) ni/chowa {^^) s. 

Cliime, n. one ...... of bells, kane 

Into soroi. 

Cliimerical, a. M (^) na ; mabo- 
roshi no yd na ; yume no yo na. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 141 ] 


Cliimerically, adv. M nL 

Cllimiiey, n. kemuridashi [a. n. hm, 
本] ; ento (煙 筒) ; entotsu (煙突) ; 
(of {1 lamp) hoy a. 

Cbimney-sweeper, n. entoisu- 

Chimney-sweeping-, n. entotsu- 

soji (煙突 掃除). 

Ch imonantlms fragrans, rdhai 

(蠟 梅). 

Cbin, n. ago ; otogai ; agito. 
double , futa-ago. 

Cbina, n. (country) Shina ; Shinkoku 
(淸國 ) ; Nanlcin [vulg.] ; (porcelain) 
ishi-yaki ; jiJci (磁器); toki (陶器); 

and Japan, Msshin (日 淸). 

...... Merchants Co., Shosho- 

お 1/oku (招 商 局). 

Sea, 8hina-kai. 

Town, Nankin-machi. 

North. , Hokushin (北 i 青). . 

Gbma-aster, n. ezo-giku ; satsuma- 

Cbiiia-grass, n. karamushi. 

Cbina-root, n. dobukuryd (土 狭 茶) ; 
sankirai (山 歸來 ). ' 

Cliina-sllop, n. setomonom ; tdkiya. 

Cliinese, a. Shina no ; Shinkoku no ; 
SMncho no ; 舰 nkin iho. 

Cliinese, n. (language) Shinago ; (as 
used in Japan) kango (漢語) ; (as 
written in Japan)- kamhun (ま 文); 
(native of China) Shinajin ; Nankin- 

book, kansho (漢書); kan- 

seki (漢籍). 

cJiaracter, kanji (漢字). 

philosopher, jusha (iff 者). 

scholar, kangakusha (ま學 


study of , kangaku 人漢 學、. 

the four classics, shisho 

Cliine, n. seoojie. 

of beef, sehone-tsuki no niku. 

Cbink, n. (crack) sakeguchi ; sake- 
me ; sukima ; (sound) oto. 

Cllink, t.Y. (sound) chin-chin narasu. 

Cllink, i.v. (sound) chin-chin naru. 

Cbintz, n. sarasa. 

Cllip, n. ki-kwe ; mokuhen (木片) ; 
Jci-kudzu ; (long and thin) koppa ; 
(small) kedzuri-kudzu ; soge-kudzu ; 

Cbip, t V. sogu ; kedzuru ; (earthen- 
ware, etc.) kaku ; nijkidzu wo tsu- 

Cbij), i.v. kake-ru. 

Cllirograplier, n. shoka ; (a pro- 
ficient in writing) noshoka (能書 家) ; 
(public scribe) hikkdsha 耕 者) ; 
shajisei (寫字 ife) ; daishonin (代書 

Chirograpliy, n. sho ; (art of) sho - 
ho (書法); shajijutsu (寫字 術). 

Chiromancy, n. teso-mi. 

Cliiromancy, n. teso-jutsu, 

Cliirp, i.v. chu-chu to saedzuru, or 

Chirp, n. naki-goe. 

Chirus liexagrammus, (fish) ai- 

Cliisel, n. nomi. 

cold , tagane (g). 

Chisel, t.v, horu ; cMkoku (周^ 魏) s. 

Chit, n. chitsu. 

CliiX-DOOk, n. * ; uketorichd. 

Chitterlings, n. shdchd (/J>|g). 

Chivalrous, a. kydki (俠氣 ) no aru ; 
otokogi no ; qikydshin no aru. 

Cliivalry, n. gik—hin (義俠 心); gi- 
kyb ; ninkyb (fe ま. 

Cbives, n. asatsuki. 

Chloral, n. 气 

Chloriae, n of ammonia, 

ensha (鹽 砂). 

of iron, enkwa-tetsu (驢 f ヒ鐵 )• 

of lead, enkwa-en (HffcjSf). ~ 

Chlorine, n. * ; enso (墜 素-). 

Cliloroform, n. *. 

Chloropbyll, n. ydryokuso (葉綠 素). 

Clilorosis, n. 《5 & 2/5 ( 萎黄病); 5^cm 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 142 ] 


Choice^ n. nozomi ; suki ; er な mi ; 
sent'iku (撰 擇) ; (act of) equiv. of 
Choose foil, by koto. 
he has no • in the matter, 

ano kata wa sono koto ni tsuite 
eri-gonomi ga nai. 

I have no particular , 

hetsudan {MWi) yori-konomi wa nai. 

take your , suki na no ico 

toUe kure. 

you may take your for a 

dollar, yori-dori ichi yen de gozai- 

Cboice, a. sugureta ; Mbon (非凡) 
ha ; (as, of food) seisen (精選) na. 

Clioicely, adv. seisen shite. 

Choke, t.v. nojiki wo tome'ru ; no/nodo 
wo shime-ru ; (of a drain, etc.) fusa- 
gu ; (of a gun) shibori-tsutsu ni s. 

to down tears, namida wo 


to get ed up, tsumaru. 

Clioke-Tbore, n. shibori-tsutsu (絞 

01ioke, i.Y. (absolutely) wajnodo ga 
tsumaru ; (partially) wajnodo ga tsu- 
Icae-ru ; muse-ru ; musebu ; sokuhaku 
(息 迫) s. 
Cbolera, n. korera. 

morbus, kwakuran (霍菌 L). 

Choleraic, a disease, ruij" 

korera (類似); giji-Jcorera (疑 fe) 
[in contradistinction to shinsho- 
korera (眞症 虎 烈剌) 〕. 
Cbolerie, a. ki (氣) no mijikai ; tan- 
ki (失 覃氣) na ; haradachippoi ; oko- 

person, kanshaku-mochi (瘤 

- 疆 持). 

Cboose, t.v. (desire) nozrniu ; (elect) 
senkyo (撰 擧) s ; (for a post) serdei 
(擺 定) ft ; (one tmng in preference to 
another) no I ho ni s ; 7i ひ/み 5 wo torn ; 
(select) erabu ; eramu ; sentaku (撰 
擇) ' 

there is not much to 

between tliem (nearly equally 

bad), gojippo-hyappo no ron da. 

to one's time, ii toki wo 


to out, yorv-aasu ; eri-dasu. 

Chop, n. (in compounds) -m (印); 
(mark) shirushi ; Idgd (記 號). 

Cllop, t.v. Hru ; tatsu. 

to ...... down, Jciri-taosu. 

to fine, kizamu ; kiri-kizamu, 

to off, kiri-otosu. 

Cbop, i.v. (change suddenly) kyu (急) 
ni kawaru ; (of the wind) fuki- 

C hop-fallen, a. uttori shita. 

Chopped, n. (stamped by goTt.) kb- 

kuin-dzuki (極 1^ 附) れ o. 

Chopping 、一 l>lock, n. manaita. 

Chopsticks, n. hashi ; (which, can 
be split asunder) wari-bashi. 

lacquer , nuri-bashi. 

plain , sugi-hashi. 

Chord, n. (of a circle) chokusen- 
tsilgen (直線お 弦) ; (of music) gasso 

Choroid coat, (of the eye) myaJcu- 
raku-^naku (脈絡 膜). 

Cliristendom, n. Yaso-sUnkb no 
kakkoku (各 ま ; Yasokyb-koku (耶蘇 
教國 ). 

Christen, t.v. ni/senrei ('洗 g) wo 

to be ed, senrel wo uke-ru. 

Cbristening",. n. senreishiki (洗 藏 
式) ; (of a ship) meimeishiki (命名 j^)' 

Cliristian, a. Yasokyo no ; Kirisuto 
kyb no. 

convert, Yasokyoto (教徒). 

Christian, n. Yasokyo-sMnja (耶蘇 
教 信者). 

Christianity, n. Yasokyo (耶蘇 教) ; 

Eirisutokyo (基 * 教 )• 
Christian- name, n. na ; immae ; 

jitsumyo (實 名). 
Cbristmas, n. * ; kdtansetsu (降誕 


C hr istmas-clay, n. Yaso-kdtansai 
(耶蘇 降誕 祭); Yaso-kotanjitsu. 

Chromatic, a. han-onkai (半音階) 

scale, han-onkai. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 

'-ド つ f * ' 


[ 143 ] 

fjbromc, a. (lingering) daradara 
shita ; mansei (l^'l 生) no. 

disease, manseibyd (慢性病) ; 

koshitsu (癇疾 ); jibyo (持病), 
to "be , dara-dara s. 

Chronicle, n. Hroku (記 錄) ; kiji 
(記事) ; hennenshi (編年史) ; nendaishi 
(年代 史). 

S (0. T.), rekiaaishirmku 

代史畧 ). 

Chronicle, t.v. Hroku s ; hensan 
(編纂) s. 

Clironicler, n. kirokusha (記 錄者) ; 
henshisha (H^^-). 

Clironolog-ically, adv. nempyb de ; 
nendai ni shitagatte ; nendai wo' die. 

Chronologist, n. nempyd-gakusha 

(年表 學 者). 
ClirOllOlogy, n. (science of) nendai- 

gaku (年代 學) ; (set of dates) nempyo 

(年表) ; nmdaiki (年代記). 

Clironometer, n. *. 

Ctirysalis, n. sanagi (i ぶ 預). 

ClirysantJiemum, n. kiku. 

Imperial Garden-party, 

kwangikukwai (觀菊 會). 

Order of the , kikkwasho 

(菊花 窣). 

Chrysolite, n. kanranseki (iffif! 石》 
Cliiibby, a. pocha-pocha futotta ; 
marupocha no. 

Chuck, t.v. to away, hori- 

dasu ; nage-dasu. 

CllUCkle, i.v. fukumi-icarai s ; kusu- 
kusu waraii ; (of a fowl) kokJco to 

Oliuckle, n. fukumi-warai ; kusu- 
- kusu-warai. 

Chum, li. doryo ; doso (同窓) no 
tomo ; nakayoshi. 

Clium, i.v. (become very friendly) 
shimmitsu (親密) ni nam ; (live toge- 
ther) dobo ま 房" i sumu. 

Cliurch, n. (body) kybkwai 傲 會) ; 
(building) kwakE (會 堂) ; kydkwam 
(教會 堂); reihaidd (禮拜 堂); seidd 

OongrregaLtional ......, Kumiai- 

kyokwai (組合 教會 )• 

、― w , - \ 、 - : つ- \ T> 〜乂ゥ '---.-Tr 


Episcopal (body), Seikokwai 

(聖 公魏; Kantoku-kydkwal (監督 
敎會 ). 

Methodist , MU-kyokwai (美 

以教會 ). 

Presbyterian , Itchi-Jcyo- 

】cwcd (一致 教會 ). 

Roman Catholic , (body) 

Bdma-kyokicai ; Tenshu-kyokwai 
(天主教 ; (building) tenshudd 
(天主 堂). 

Umversaiist , TJchu-kyokwai 

(宇宙 教會 ). 

Gliiircliing", n. sango-kanshashiki 
、座 後 惑 謝 式) ; i^hintd) uhugami-mairi. 

Churcli-wardeii, kydkwai-Un (教 
會委氣 ). 

CliurCh-yard, n. hochi (墓地); v. 

Cliurl, n. huaiso (無 愛 相) na yatsu ; 
hukotsu (無骨) na yatsu ; (rustic) 
inaka-mono ; dempu-yajin (155^ if A). 

Churlish, a. huaiso (無 愛 相) na ; 
hukotsu (無骨) na. 、 

Cliurlisbly, adv. huaiso (無 愛ネ 目) ni ; 
hukotsu (無骨) ni. 

Cliurlisliiiess, n. huaiso ; hukotsu. 

Churn, n. kakunyuki (攪乳 器). 

Churn, t.v. kaJci-mawasu. 

Cliute, n. * . 

Chyle, n. nyilU (乳 糜). 

Uicacla, n. semi ; [tsuJcu-tsuku hoshi ; 
ahurd-semi ; higurashi ; uma-seml ; 
mimmin-semi ; dshm suku-semi ; ji-ji- 
semi are different kinds]. 

Cicatrix, n. kidzu-ato. 

Cicatrize, i.v. kidzu ga naoru. 

Cigar, n. hamaki-tabako ; maki- 
tabako [a. n. hem]. 

Cigar-case, n. kamaki-ire. 

Cig'ar-li older, n. hamaJd-suikuchi ; 

case for , paipu-ire. 

Cigarette, n. kami-maki-tabako 
[a. n. honl. 

Cig'arette-case, n. kami-maki-ta 一 

Hosted by LjOOQle 


Gig'arette-bolder, n. suikuchi ; 
paipu. せ 

case for , paipu-ire ; suikuchi- 


Ciliary process, mdyd-tokki (毛檬 

Cinchona bark, n. kinahi (細 U 

Cinder, n, moegara ; yakegara ; (of 
charcoal) keshidzumi. 

Cinematograph, n. kwatsudo- 
shashmki (活動 寫 R 器). 

picture, Jcwatsud る - shn shin. 

Cinnabar, n. shu (朱) ; shusha (朱 

Cinnamon, n. nikkei (肉桂) ; keiM. 

oil, keihiyu (桂 も 袖). 

Cion, n. (of a plant) tsugi-ho ; ho ; 

Cipher, n. see Cypher. 
Uircle, n. han-i ; maru ; kwansen 
(環 線) ; wa ; (geom.) kwansen (環 線) ; 
enfcei (圓 形); ken (圈 )• 

centre of a , chushm (中 心). 

circumference of a , shui 

(周 圍" meguri. 

concentric s, ddshinicen (问 

心 圈). 

diameter of a , chofckei (直 

經 )- 

radius of a , hankei (半 徑) • 

to ride in a , wa-nori wo s. 

to sit in a , kuruma-za ni 


Circle, t.v. (move round) mawaru ; 
(surround) kaJcomu ; tori-maicu. 

Circle, i.y. mawaru ; (of a bird) 

Circuit, n. mawari ; (division of a 
conntry) do (道) ; (of a judge, etc.) 
junkwai (巡 ま) ; (of an electric 
current) kwaisen (回線). 

closed (elec), helsaku-kwai- 

sen (閉塞 回線). 

open (elec ), kaiho-kwaisen 

(開放 曲線). ひ _ 

tlie Kyushu , Saikavdo (两 

海道). . • 

1 to make a , maicari-micM no 

s ; ukwai (迁 週) s. 


Circuitous, a. mawari-ddi ; uen (迁 
遠) no ; mawari-kudoi ; to-mawdshi 
710 ; [the last, of speech only]. 

Circuitously, adv. mawari-doku ; 
uen 遠) ni; mavcari-kudoku ; tb- 
mawashi ni. 

Circular, a. marul ; wa no ; wa- 
gatachi no ; (geom.) enkei (圓 形) no. 

Circular, n kwaijd (廻 狀) ; kwaishd 
(廻 窣); kwaiUin (龜 文) (comm.) hiki- 

Circulate, i.v. mawaru ; meauru ; 
senten (旋禱 ) s ; (of capital) yudzU 
通) s ; (of money) isuyd (通用) s ; (of 
news) dempa (博 播) s ; rufu {i^i^) s ; 
(of blood, decimals, etc.) junkwan (循 
環) s. 

Circulate, t.v. mawasu ; megurasu ; 
, (of news) dempa sase-ru ; rufu sase-ru. 

Circulating", a decimal, jun- 

kwan-shdsu (循環 づ、 |35:). 

library, kashihonya. 

medium, isnyd-kingin (通用 


Circulation, n. (act. of) equiv. of 
Circulate foil, by koto ; (of a news- 
paper) hakko-daka ; ure-daka ; (of 
capital) 2/ な お (鬲! ^通); ryittsii (、^通); 
(moving round) mawaru koto ; senten 
(旋轉 ) ; kwaiten (廻 轉) ; junkwan (循 

amourfc oi coins m , kicalm- 


of the "blood, chi no meguri ; 

chi no junkwan ; ketsii eJci-junJcwan 

to be put in , hakko ni naru ; 

tsuyd ni naru, 

to put in , hakko (發 行) s ; 

isuyo (通用) sase-ru ; (utter, as 
forged coin) koshi (行お s. 

Circulatory, a organs, jun- 

kwan-Hnb (循環 機能). . 
Circumambient, a. i-nyb (圜繞 ) 

no ; shui (周 @) no. 
Circumcise, t.v. no/inkyo (陰 室) no 
saki-kawa wo kiru ; (O.T.) ni/katsurei 
(割 ま) 仏 '0 hodokosu. 
Circumcision, n. saki-kawa wo 
kiru koto ; katsurei ; (holy-day) ju- 
katsureijUsu (受 割禮 日 ). 

[ 144 ] 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 

一 ベニ - ,1 

ノ.' . 、 . 'M 


OIE [ 145 ] GIT " 

Circumference, n. mawari ; shfd 
(周 圍); kakoi ; megiiri ; gumri. 

Circumlocution, n. U-mmcashi ; 
uen (迁 遠) no go ; mawari-kudoi ii-yd. 

to say with , id-maicashi ni 


Circumlocutory, a. ii-mawashi no ; 
uen no ; ukwai (律 廻) no ; mawari- 
kudoi ; td-mawaslii no. 

Circumnavigrate, t.v. slmkd (周 
航) s ; nori-mawaru ; isshu (一周) s. 

Circumnavigation, n. sMkd ; 

isshu. . 

Circumrotatory, a. senten (旋轉 ) 
suim I maicaru. 

Circumscribe, t.v. (limit) kagiru ; 
seigen (制限) s ; ni/kagiri ico tsuke-ru. 

Circumspect, a. ydjin-hukai ; sai- 
shin (系 田, 亡、) na ; shincho (t^ 重) na ; 
nukari no mi ; shuto (周 至!]) na. 

Circumspection, n. yojin (用, t、); 
shincho (t^ 重) ; saishin ほ 田' 亡 v) ; shin- 
ryo (深慮) ; chfd (注意). 

Circumstance, n. koto ; koiogara. 

s, (in regard to worldly estate) 

shinshd-miiJci ; (of an affair) koto 
no shimatsu ; jijd (專 1 昔) ; koto no 
shidai ; jokyo ('j 靑况 ) ; koto no isai 
(Sim) ; koto no tetsudzuki ; (of a 
person) kyogit (境遇), 
accommodating: one's self to 
…… s, rinkl-ohen (臨機 應變 ). 

according- to s, mo yd (模樣 ) 

shidai ; koto ni yoreha ; koto ni 
yotte ; s'hina ni yotte ; jigi (時宜) ni 

adverse s, gyakukyd (逆 ig). 

a man in good s, sod na 

shinsho (J| 上) no hito. 

s change the man, kydgii 

境遇) ica hito ICO kae-ru. 

favourable s, junkyo (順境). 

in sucJbL s, sonna haii ni ica ; 

sonna toki ni ica. 

the private s (of a person), 

uchimaku ; naijd (內狀 )• 

the whole s, ichibu-sJdjfi (一 

部 始終); ま M (委曲). 

to act according" to s, nnki 

(臨機) ni shochi (處 置) s. 

to "be in easy s, nani-fujiyu 

(不自由) naku kurasu ; hidctH-uchi- 
wa de kurasu. 

to "be in good s, sod ni 

kurasu ; wa]shinshd-muki ga yoi. 

unavoidable s, yondokoro 

nai haai ; yoginai haai. • 
under any s, do atte mo. 

Circumstantial, a. (detailed) ichi- 
hu-shiju (一部始終) no ; komaka na ; 
ikyoku (^ffi) na ; skosai (詳系 田) na; 
kosai (巨 糸 田) 德, 

evidence, jokyd-shoko (情况 

證據 )• " 

Circumstantially, adv. ikyoku ni ; . 
tsubusa ni ; shosai ni ; kosai ni ; 
komaka ni. 、 

Circumvent, t.v. (deceive) dama- 
kasu ; tahurakasu ; manchaku (BSi 着) 
s ; (the plans of another) no/hakari- 
goto no ura wo kaku, or ydburu. 

Circumvention, n. eqniv. of Cir- 
cumvent foil, by koto. 

iJircus, n. kyokuba [lit. equestrian 
feats] ; (place) kyokubajd (曲馬 塲). 

Cistern, n. midzu-dame ; suiso (水 
槽); (for holy water at Buddhist 
temple) mi-tarashi ; (in bath-room) 

Cistieola cisticola, sekka ; kono- 

Citadel, n. (of a castle) hommaru ; 
(of a town) shiro ; toHde. 

Citation, n. (act) yoU-dasU ; sho- 
kioan ; (warrant) siiokwanjb (召喚 狀 

Cixe, t.v. yohi-dasu [Cr. Pro.] ; slid- 

kican (召 s; (quote) hiku ; inyo 

(引用) s. . 

to an instance, rei ico age-ni. 

Ciiizen, n. (of a country) jimmin ( 人 

民) ; komin (公民) ; (of a town) ski- 

min (市民) ; yumi れ (|# 民). 

Citizenship, n. kokuseJci (國籍 ) ; 
komin no shikaku (資格) ; kominken 
(公民 灌 )• 

Citrate, n of magnesia, 

ku ensan-rnagnesia. 

of iron, kuemxn-tefsu (枸像 

酸 鐵). 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 146 ] 


Citric, n acid, kuensan (キ 句豫 


Citrus japonic a, busshukan 
丰ネ H") ; (c. trifoliata) karatachi ; 
(c. oliyaeformis) Jcinkan (金 本 tT)' 

City, n. tokwai (都 會) ; [Kyoto, Tokyd 
and Osaka are called Fu (府 ), or tofu 
(都 府) ; these three towns with Nago- 
ya are also called daHokwai (大者 P 會 )]. 
Yokohama , Yokohama-shi 

(市). _ 
assembly, shikicai (市 會). 

Civil, a. (as distinguished from milita- 
ry) bun- (文); (courteous) teinei (奠 |^ 
寧) na ; reigi no aisui ; ieicnd 

ま 重) 纽; (relating to a case) 

' minji (民 no ; minjijo (民 | 上) no. 
"bureau for ...... matters, minji- 


bureau of administration 

(in Formosa), mmseikyoku (民 ii ^局), 
chief of the administ- 
ration (in Formosa), minsei-cho- 
お w;<m (民政長官). 

and military, humhu (文武) 


authorities, hunga (文 衙). 

case (law), minji-sosho (J^ 事 


engineer, doboku-gishi (土木 

技師) ; dohoku-shi (土木 g れ 

law, mimpo (民法). 

power, hunken (文 權). 

service, hunkwan i 文官). 

service examination, toyo- 

shiken (登用 試 驗). 

service regulations, hun- 

kwan-nmydrei (文盲 任用 令). . 

war, れ aim れ (内 ま); kokuran 

(國亂 ). 

the ...... list, kwoshitsuhi (皇室費). 

Civilian, n. (not an official) jimmin 

(人民) ; (official) hunkwan (文 ^ ぎ) 
Civility, n. (politeness) teinei (鄭 寧) ; 
teicho (鄭重). 

a man of great , reigi no 

aisui hiio. 

I thank you for your to 

me, go yUtai ni adzukarimashiie 
arigato gozaimasu. 

to treat with. , yidai (@ 侍) 

s ; yiigu (@ 遇) s. 

Civilization, n. (effect produced) 
Zmm? ま (文明); kaikwa (開化); bum- 
mei-kaikwa ; kyokwa (教化 i ; (process) 
hummei {'^m]) 7ii sum koto ; kaiicwa 
(開化) suru koto ; kyokwa (教化) su7,u 

Civilize, t.Y. hiraku ; hummei ni s ; 
kaikwa s ; kyokica s. 

Civilized, a. hiraketa ; kaikwa shita ; 
hummei na, 

country, hummeikoku (文明 


Civilizing', a. hwmnel-teki (文明 的) 

Civilly, adv. teinei ni ; ingin (懸 敏) 
ni; teicho ni ; te-aisuku. 

Clack, t.v. to the tongue, shita 

wo narasu. 
Claim, t.v. (demand as due) seikyu (請 
求) s ; motome-ru ; yokyu {^A<) s 
[more forcible than two preceding] ; 
(maintain) shucho (主張) s. 
right of seikyfiken (t^|^<HI) 

[Com. Co.]. _ 一 

for damages, songai-yosho 

(提害 要償). 
Claim, n. seikyu (i 青 求) ; motome ; yd- 

き (要求)' ' 
Claimant, n. selkyusha (請求 者) ; 
ybkyusha (要求者) ; selhyu-yukensha ; 
(before a court) sliinseinin (中 |# 人). 
Clam, n. (area inflata) akagai ; (cy- 
therea meretrix) hamaguri. 

Clammy, a. to be , nebatsuku ; 

neba-neha s ; nenchaku (粘着) s. 

Clamorous, a. sdzdshil ; sawagashil ; 

kamabisushii ; yakamashii. 
Clamorously, adv. sozoshiim ; sawa- 

gashiku ; kamahisushiku ; yakama- 


Clamour, n. sawagi ; kentb (喧鬧 ); 

kensb (暄 ま) ; sodo (騷 動). 
Clamour, i.v. sawaqu ; wameku ; km- 
お (喧鬧 ) s ; omeku. 

to for (fig.), wo/koe takaku 


Clamp, n. (metal) kasugai ; (wooden) 
chigiri-jime ; [ai-kugi is a piece of 
wood for clamping two boards to- 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ H7 ] 


Clamp, t.v. aicase-ru ; shime'ru ; shime- 

iJlampiiig-screw, n. tome-nejl. 

Clan, n. (faction) tdha (翳 派) ; (fami- 
ly) kachn (家中); ichimon (一 P3) ; 
(the samurai under one daimyo) han 

Clan, a. hainhatsit (藩閥) no. 

government, hamhatsu-selfu 

(藩閥 政府). 

Clandestine, a. shinohl no ; ommitsu 
(M' 街' wo ; himitsu 、密) no. 

meeting, shinobi-ai ; ai-'biJa ; 

mikkwai (密會 ). 

Clandestinely, adv. shinonde ; ka- 
kurete ; hisoka ni ; sotto ; shinohl de ; 
. ommitsu ni ; himitsu ni. 
to meet , shinoM-au. 

Clank, i.v. kachin-lcachin to naru ; 
gatan-gatan to nam ; gata-gata nam. 

Clannish, a. danketsu (圑 結) shita ; 
kettaku (結 托) shita ; tohashin (黨派 
》 じ、) no am. 

Clannislily, adv. dmikdsu shite ; 
kettaku shite. 

Claiiiiisliness, n. equiy. of Clan- 
nisli foil, by koto. 

Clansman, n. hanshi (gi)- 
Clap, t.v. (applaud) Icassai (喝采) s; 
hakushu (^^) s. 

to one's liand (over any- 

thing), elte ICO ate-ru ; te defusagu. 

to the hands, (for joy) te ico 

utsu ; hakushu (拍參 ) s ; (to sum- 
mon a servant) te wo tataku. 

to the wing's, habaiakl s ; 

hane wo hata-hata s. 

Clap, n. (disease of men) rimhyo (7:^ 
病); (of women) shokachi 

Clap, n. (of approbation) hakushu ; 

a thunder , raimd ; [often 

expr. in Jap. by kaminari ga haia- 
meku, " the thnnder roars "]. 

Clap-boarcl, n. shitami-Uct ; hame- 
ita ; hame ; (of roofs) yane-ita. 

Clap-doctor, n, sbdoku-semmon-i (瘡 
毒 專門醫 ). 

Clap-net, n. zcana-ami. 

Clapper, n. (of a bell) shita ; (watch- 
man's) hydsnigi. 

Clapping", n. (applause) kassai (喝 
^) ; hakushu (拍 f )• 

Clap- trap, n. mise-kake ; maya- 

Claret, n. aka-huddshu (赤葡萄酒) 
[properly means any land of red 

Clarilication, n. sumasu koto. 
Clarify, t.v. sumasu. 

Clash, i.v. (be contraditory) sogo (諷 
藤) s ; dochaku (撞着) s ; teishofcu (抵 
M) s ; (collide) huttsukari-au ; sAo- 
totsii s; (conflict of interests, etc.) 
shototsu (衝突) s ; (interfere) Icachi- 
au ; (of bells) jan-jan to naru. 

Olasli, n. (fig.) kachi-ai ; teishoku (抵 
觸) ; shototsu (衝突) ; sogo ; dochaku; 
(of weapons) kengeJci (^"^) no koe ; 
tachi no oto. 

Olasll, t.v. ehd-chd utsu ; kacM-kachi 

Clasp, n. (buckle) hijo-gane ; (hook) 
tome ; tome-gane ; kagi-botan ; koUaze ; 
(of a pouch) kanamono. 

Clasp, t.v. (catch, hold of) nil shigaml- 
tsuku ; (embrace) ni/daki-tsuku ; 
daku ; {fasten a clasp) tome-kagi wo 
kake-ru ; (grasp) nigiru. 

to the hands, te ico kumu ; 

(in prayer) te wo awase-ru ; gassho 
(合掌) s. 

Clasp-knife, n. tatami-ko gatana • 

Class, n. (grade) tdkyii (等級) ; (in a 
school) Jcyii (級); (kind) shurui (準 
類) ; (of a railway, etc.) id (等) ; (sci- 
ence) Im (部); mon (Pg) ; humon ; 
(section) hu (部). 

all es (of the people), joge (上 

下) ; shimin (四民) tomo ni. 
belongs to the ...... which 

pays 6 % duty, gobu zei no hu ni 
zoku shite oru. 

first (of a school), dai-ikkyu. 

first (railway), joto (上等); 

itto (一等) ; second , chiito (中 

等) ; nm (二等) ; third ...... , kato 

(下等) ; saiito (三等). 

Hosted by 



[ 1^ ] 


tlie lower es, katdshakwai 

(下等 會). 

tlie middle es, chfitd-shakwai 

. (中等 社 會); churyu-shakwai (中流 

tlie upper es, joio-shakwai 

(上等 |ir#) ; joryu-shakwai (上流 社 

Class, t.v. nofbuwake s ; wolruibetsu 
(愈 別) s ; ni/tdkyH (等級 j wo tsuke-ru. 

Classical language, gageti (雅 

Classics, n. (Chinese) keisho (經 書) ; 
shisho-gokyo (四書 五 經); keiten (經 
典) ; koten (古典). 

study of the Greek , Girisha 

no kobungaku (古文 學). 

Classification, n. ruihetsu (類 别); 
hunruihd (分類法) ; iruihd (繁瘤 ftj. 
of land, jimoku (Jig). 

Classify, t.v. hunrui s; ind s : no I 
buwaJce wo s ; no/kyu (級) wo wake-ru ; 
wolruibetsu s. 

Clatter, n. (of dishes, etc.) gacha- 
gacha suru oio ; (of geta) karan-koron 
suru oto ; (of voices) pera-pera shah era 

Clatter, i.v. gata-gata s ; gacha-gacha 

Clause, n. (article) kajd (筒 條) ; (of 
composition) ku {^); (subheading, 
one sentence of an article) kd (項). 
...... s,jdkd (降 項). 

most favoured nation , sai- 

keikoku-jokwan (最 惠國 f 条欽 )• . 

penal s, tassoku (ま 則) [Civ. 

Co.]. 一 

second of Art. I, dai-icmjo 

Clavicle, n. sakotsu (鏺 骨). 
Claw, n. isume ; (hooked) kagi-tsume. 
Claw, t.v. wojtsume de kaku ; hiJc - 

to hide one's s (fig.), neko wo 


Clay^ n. neba-tsuchi ; hena-tsuchi. 
red ......, aka-tsuchi. 

Clean, a. kirei (綺 魔) na; sappari 
shita ; seijd (淸淨 j na; seiketsu 

潔) na ; (free from moral defilement) 
keppaku (潔白) れ a; renketsu (廉潔) 
na; (moral) dotoku (道 德) na. 

a shirt, kirei na shatsu. 

to make a breast of, wo I 


Clean, t.v. kirei (綺麗) ni s ; Myome- 
ru ; no j aha wo oiosu ; (a room) wo/ 
sqji (掃除) s; wo/seiketsu (淸 潔) ni s; 
(dust) nolgomi wo harau ; no/gomi wo 

Cleaning", n. sdji ; (act of) equiv. of 
Clean foil, by koto ; (sanitary) sei- 
ketsuhd (淸潔 法). 

general , susu-haki ; osqji ; 


Cleanliness, n. seiketsu (淸 潔) ; sei- 
jd (淸淨 ) ; (of morals) keppaku ('i^ 白); 
renketsu ; dotoku. 

Cleanly, a. (of body) seiketsu na ; (of 
morals) keppaku (き 白) renketsu 

Cleanse, t.v. y. Clean. 

Clean- sbaven, n. kirei ni sotia ; 
(wearing no beard) hige no nai. 

Clear, a. (manifest) aJciraka na ; (of 
print) azayaka na ; hakkiri shita ; 
semmei (]^ 明) れ a; (of the voice) 
saeia ; hakkin shita ; (of water) 
sunda ; (of weather) uraraka na ; sei- 
rb (淸 期) れ a; (perspicuous) meihaku 
(明!^) れ a ; hummyo ^^"明). na ; meiryo 
(明瞭 j na; hakkiri shita ; (trans- 
parent) tomei (透明) ? la; sukitdtta ; 

weatJier, seiten (晴天). 

it is not , fumei {/f.^i cte aru. 

to "be , sae'ru [of the voice]. 

Clear, adv. sukkari ; nokoradzu. 
Clear, t.v. (clarify) sumasu ; (free 
from anything noxious) tori-saru ; 
nozoki-saru ; (free from obstructions) 
hiraku. • 

to "be ed (of suspicious, etc.), 

hydkai (水 解) s ; ioke-ru- 

to a fence, hei wo tobi-koe-ru. 

to a place (of people), hito- 

harai wo s. 

to a ship, shukko (出港) no 

tekadzu, or ietsudzuki, wo s. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 149 ] 


to away, (an encumbrance) 

tori-harau ; (as, buildings) tori- 
harau ; (by burning), yaJa-harau ; 
(dii't, etc.) tori-noku ; (dishes) 

to away rubbish, gomi ico 

soji (掃除) s. 

to expenses, shusJii (收 支) 

ai-isugunou ; tsuku-tsuJcu ippai ni 
naru ; sontoku nashi ni 


to from a charge of crime, 

muzai (無罪) to handan (列 斷) s. 

to land, jimen (地 ま) too 

hiraku, or kaihotsu (開 錢) s ; tochi 
(土地) 《;o kaitaku (開拓) s. 

to off (a mortgage), wJce- 


to off debts, shakkin (借金) 

wo kaisai (皆 濟) s ; fusai (^g) wo 
shbkyaku (ま' 却) s. 

to one's reputation, mi no 

akarl wo iaie-ru. 

to the country of (bandits, 

etc.), ico/soto (掃蕩) s ; wolsojo 
謹) s, 

to the ocean of pirates, 

kaijd (海-上) kara kaizoku (海賊) 
ICO nozoki-saru. 

to tJie road, micld wo hiraku. 

to the throat, seki-harai 

ICO s. 

to up (a point), meiryo (明瞭) 

ni s ; me'ihaku (明白 j ni s. 

Clear, i.v. (of a ship) slmkkd-tetsu- 
dzuki wo sumase-ru ; (quit port) 
shukko (出港) s ; (of weather) hare-ru ; 

the weather has ed, seiten 

(晴天) れ i natta. 

to out of (vacate), wo/hiki- 


Clearance, n. (of a ship) shukko 

(出港). . 

fee, shuicKb-iesuryb (出港 手 

數 料). 

permit, shukko-menjo (出港 

免 狀). 

sale, mikiri-uri. 

Clear-cut, a. (of a face) kippari 
shita ; ririshii. 

Clear-headed, a. meichi (明 智) im; 
somei (聰明) na. 

Clearing, u. kuchl (空地) ; ak'wfii. 

Clearing'-bouse, n. ginkd-kdJamn- 
jo (銀行 交換所). 

Clearly, adv. akiraka ni ; haki-haki 
to ; meiryo (明瞭) ni ; ? mmmjyS ( 分明) 
ni ; wakari yoku ; kenzen (顯然 ) to. 

Clearness, n. (of the skin) kiyoi 
koto ; seijd (淸淨 ) ; (of the sky) tiareta 
koto ; seird (Bfl^) ; (perspicuity) mei- 
ryo (明瞭). 

Clear-sig-lited, a. (discerning) mei- 
satsu (明察) na ; keigan (慧眼) na ; 
(lit.) me no yoku kiJcu. 

Cleat, n. sail (棧) ; osae-gi ; (on gang- 
board) fumi-Jci. 

Cleave, t.v. saku ; uam. 

Cleave, i.v. Icuttsuku. 

Cleaver, n. (a knife) daihochd (;^ |g 
丁); 'boto (剖 7J). 

Clef, n. ompu-kigo (音符 記 號). 

Cleft, n. icare-me ; sake-me. 

Clematis, n. sennlnsb (大 蓼) ; (c. 
florida var.) tessen (鐵 仙) ; (c pateris) 

Clemency, n. kwandai (寬大 ) ; 
kwanjin (童 仁) ; kwanyo {'KW ; (of 
weather) onica (溫 和). 

Clement, a. kwandai (寬大 ) na ; 
kwanjin na ; kwanyo na ; (of weather) 
onwa na ; odayaka na ; nodoka na. 

Clemently, adv. kwandai ni ; kwan- 
jin ni ; kwanyo ni. 

Clench, t.v. to the fist, 

kohushi ICO nigiru ; genko (拳固) 
ICO nigiru ; yenkotsu (挙 骨) ico 

to the teeth, ha ico kui- 


V. also Clinch. 

Clerical, a error, fude no aya- 

mari ; ji no ayamari ; goji (誤' 孑づ ; 
moji no machigai. 
work, kakimono . 

Clergy, n. seishoku (聖職). 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 150 ] 


Clergyman, n. (Buddhist) osho (和 
尙) ; (Christian missionary) senkyb- 
shi (宣教師) ; (Christian pastor) 
l)okushi (4^gin) ; (Christian preacher) 
denddshi (1^ 道 師). 

Clerk, n. (merchant's) iedai ; cho- 
isuke ; (official) shoki [the official 
title is zokkwan (覊官 ) ]. 

of the Court, saihanjo-shoki 

(裁判所 書記) [Cr. Pro. , Civ. Pro ]. 

head (native), banto (番頭). 

office of the s of a Court 

(of law), shokikwa (書 記 課). 

- Clever, a. Hkd (和 口) ; Unsho 
iWcM) ^« ; eiri ('j^-jfj) na ; Jci no 
Iciita ; somel (聰印 j) ?wj ; eibin (鋭敏) 
na ; (of actions) jodzu (上手) na ; 
josai ("in 才) nai ; takumi na. 

person, kosha (功 者) ; (with 

the hand) tegdsha ; mydshu (き 手). 

Cleverly, adv. rlko ni ; hinsho ni ; 
eibin ni ; jodzu ni ; josaimtku ; taku- 
mi ni. 

Cleverness, n. rlko ; reiri ; hinsho ; 
eibin ; somei ; (of actions) joazu na 
koto ; josaimi koto ; takumi na koto. 

Click, i.v. kachiri to nam. 

Click, n. to shut witii a (t.Y.), 

kachiri to shime-ru. 

Client, n. (dependent) irainin 賴 
人) ; (law) sosho-irainin (訴訟 依賴 人). 

Clientele, n. tanomUe. 

that doctor has a large ......, 

ano isha (證 者) ni kakaru hito ga 
bi ; ano isha wa hybka (病 家) 
ga 01. 

Cliff, n. r}Qke\ zeppeki (絕 壁); Jciri- 
tatta kislii. 

Climate, n. kikb (氣 候) ; ffido (風土). 

Climateric, a. Idko no. 

Climax, n. (the greatest degree) chdjd 
(項 ト); Jciwamari ; kyokudo (^|^) ; 
saikdien (最高 黑も) ; kyoJcuten (極 黑 も j ; 
zeicho (絕 項) ; (rhetoric) zetiso (漸 P") . 

Climb, i.Y. noboru ; (mount up) 
agaru ; (with difficulty) yoji-noboru ; 

Climb, t.v. ni/nobom ; (with difficul- 
ty) ni/yoji-noboru ; mjliai-agaru. 

Climb, n. tbmn (登山). 

Climber, n. (class of plants) kadzu- 
ra-mono ; tsuru-mono ; (of a moun- 
tain) noboru-hito ; nobori-ie ; tdzansha 

Climbing*, n. mountain , yama 

e noboru koto. 

Clinch, t.v. (a nail) nolsaki ico mage- 
ru ; (tighten) shime-ru. 

to an argument, ronkyo 

(論 據) M'o tashika ni s. 

Cling', t.v. (embrace, hold fast to) 

nildaJci-tsuku ; ni! swjari-tsuku ; m/ 
tori-tsuku ; ni ! shig aml-tsulcu ; nij 
tsuramaru ; (stick to) ni/kuttsuku ; 
rdlfuchaku (I^ 寺 着) s ; (to a prejudice) 

to round, nijinatou ; nij 

matoi-isuku ; ydjmalsuwaru. 

Clinical, a. nnshbjo (臨宋 上) no ; 
hydsho {fMP^) no ; rinsho no. 

thermometer, ken-onki (驗 

Clinically, adv. rinshojb (臨來 上) de. 

Clink, t.v. narasu ; hihikasu ; chirin- 
chirin to narasu ; gacha-gacha 

Clink, i.Y. chirin-chirin to naru ; 
gacha-gacha mini: 

Clink, n. chirin-chirin io nam oto. 
Clinker-built, a. kawara-huki れひ 

yo ni koshivada. 
Clinker, n. hal-kasu. 
Clip, t.v. hasami-kiru ; isumu ; (of 

hair) karu. 
Clip^ n. hasami. 
CliBper, n. (vessel) haydbune. 

s (scissors), hasami. 

hair-dresser's s, harikan 

[from Bariquand, name of French 


Clipping", n. (extract) hassui (援萃 ). 
Clique, n. nakama ; hoto (明 翳); 
tdha (翳 派). 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 151 ] 


Cloak, n. gicaitd (タ卜 套); tomhi ; (for 
rain) kappa : (ladies) uicagi ; (pre- 
text) kdjitsu '(口 實); kyotaku (虛 fe) ; 

long" (worn by Japanese 

women), adzuma-kofo. 

Cloalv, t.v. kakusu. 

Cloalv-room, (at hotel, etc.) (jicalto- 
shitsu ; (at railway station) {ryo- 
kaku)-keitaihin-adzukejo (旅客 携帶 品 
預ケ 所). 

Cloakings, n. 7nompa. 

Clock, n. toJcei (時計). 

alarm , mezamashi-dokel. 

table , oJci-dokei. 

wall , kake-dokei ; hashlra- 


Clock-maker, n. iokeisM ; tolceiya. 
Clock-tower, n. tokei-dai 

Clock-work, n. Icarakuri ; zemmai- 

jikake ; tokei-jikake. 

" a figure, tokel-jikake no 

ninfjyd (入 开ジ. 
Clod, n. katamari ; (of earth) tsuchi- 

kure ; dokwai (土塊). 

. Clod-liopper, n. inaka mono ; do- 
hyakushb ; mukudori [viilg.]. 
Clog', n. (impediment) jama ; jama na 
mono ; shogaihutsu (獰 ; (kind 
of shoe) (I da ; kakko [child's word] ; 
(tied to an animal) omorL 

[Different lands of s (shoe) are 

kmiw(}eta, ashida. hiyori-gefa, ichd- 
ha, etc.]. , 

Clog', t.v. fusaku ; shogai s. 
to be ged, tsumaru. 

Cloison, n. svji. 

Cloisonne, n. shlppd-yaki (七 寶燒 )• 

without cloisons, musen- 

jippo (無線 七 寶). 
Close, a. chikai ; (intimate) atsui ; 
shimmitsu (親' 密) na ; (of a bedroom) 
ne-cjusai ; (of a room) i-gusai ; (of 
texture) me no tsumatta ; me no 
komakai ; (of the air) mushi-atsui ; 
(parsimonious) tsumashii ; kechi na ; 
rinshoku (吝弯 ) na ; sMwamho (吝裔 
坊) na ; (reticent) rmi-kuchi na ; 
chimmoku (沈 默) ? la. 
a friend, shm-yu (親友). 

a struggle, golm-golm na 

kyoso (競 爭). 

a translation, chokuyaku 

(直 譯). 

connection (between events), 

mlssetsu 密接) no kwankei (關 係). 

order (mil.), heishuku 

season, kinrydki (禁 IS 翁). 

to the Custom House, 

zeikwan (IJJ; 關) no jiki kinjo (直 近 
所) ni. 

to the feet, ashimoto ni. 

to the pillow, maJcura- 

moto ni. 

follow behind me, icata- 

kusld no ato ni kutt suite hi na. 

place it to the wall, kahe 

ni piitari to kuttsukete oke. 

to be (stuff y), kl ga komoru ; 

muito s. 

to be at hand, (lit.) te-jika 

ni aru ; (of a term) sashi-tsumaru ; 
seppaku (切迫) s. 

to draw to (t.v.), hild- 


to keep in confinement, 

misshiisu (密室) ni kctnJdn (監禁) s. 

to place to, nil kuttsukete 


Close, t.v. shime-ru ; tozasu ; toji-ru ; 
fusaqu ; (a letter) ffHi'ru ; (business, 
etc.) heisa (閉鎖) s] (complete, finish) 
joju (成就) s ; (end up) musuhu. 

to "be d, (of a country) salcoku 

(鎖 Jl ni nam ; (of a door) tatte 
oru ; (of an aftair) matomaru ; 
rakuchaku (落着) s ; kofodzumi ni 
nam ; kyolcu (屍) wo musuhu ; (of 
a school j ica]yasu7ni da ; (of a 
shop, for a holiday) kyugyb (f^ 業) 
s ; (of ports) sakb (鎖 港) ni naru ; 
(of the month) fusagaru ; (perma- 
nently, of a shop, etc.) heisa 
(閉銷 ) s. 

to accounts, kanjo (勘定) ico 

sumasu ; seisan {')^^) s. 

to a meeting", heikicai (閉 

-t ) s. 

to an affair, jiken (事件) ico 


to ...... the country, salcoku 

mm) s. . 

to the eyes, me ?. co ; 

me ICO fusarju. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 152 ] 


to the moutli (be silent), 

Jcuchi wo musubu ; kuchi wofusagu. 

to the ports, sakb (鎖 港) s. 

to up, (a hole) fusagu ; (a 

room) tate-kiru ; shime-kiru. 

Close, i.v. (in fencing) io/tachi-au ; 
toluchi-au ; (in wrestling) toltori- 
kumu ; (of a flower) shibomu ; (of an 
office) hike'ru ; (of the day) kure-ru ; 
(of the mail) shime-kiri ni nam ; 
shime-kiru ; (suspend business, for 
a holiday) kyugyo (休業) s. 
rig'ht I (mil.) migi ni tsume. 

Close, n. (ending) shimai ; owari ; 
sue ; shfibi (終 尾 j ; (of an affair) 
ketsumatsu (;^ 末) ; shukyoku (終 鳴); 
(of a sitting, or session) heikwai 
(P3 會); (of the theatre) hane ; kaburi. 

Close, adv. (densely) kataku ; mitsu 
ni ; kisshiri to ; missetsu (密接) 
shUe ; (nearly) chikaku ; majikaku ; 
pitiari to. 

at hand, te-jikaku. 

Closed, p.p. and a. shimekiri no. 

carriage, Jiako-hasha, 

to traftic, drai-dome ni noAki. 

Close-fisted, a. v. Close (a). 
Closeness, n. (of a room) mutto suru 
koto ; ki ga Icomoru koto. 

Closet, n. (cupboard) todana ; oshi-irL 

water , henjo (便所) ; Jcawa- 

2/a ; setchin (雪 隱) ; setsuin (雪 隱) ; 
habaicari [the last used only bv 

Closing", n. (act of) equiv. of Close 
(t. and i.v.) foil, by koto ; (ceremony) 
heikicai-shikl (閉會 式). 

Closing--time, n. (at P. 0.) shime- 
kiri-jikan ; (at school, barracks, etc.) 

Closure, n. (of parliament) tdron- 
shukeisu (討論 終結) ; toron-shukyoku 
(討論 終局). 

Clot, n. katamari ; (jydketsu (凝結) ; 
gyokwai (凝塊). • 
a of blood, gydketsu (凝血). 

Clotll, n. kire ; nuno ; ori-mono. 

"bleached cotton , sarashi ; 

sarashi-nuno. - 
measure, kiijirajaku. 

cotton , momen. 

emery ., yasurl-nuno. 

Italian , *. 

saddle , kura-kake. 

table , teburu-kake. 

woollen , rasha. 

Olotlie, t.v. nil kimono wo kiss'vu, 

to be d in, ico/kite oru ; wo/ 

chakuyd (着用) s ; (of trousers) 
wo/tsukete oru ; wo/ugaisu. 

to be d with (fig.), wo/oU-ru, 

to with (fig.), ni wo 

makase'ru ; ni ico atae-ru. 

Clothes, n. kimono ; ifuku (衣 flgj ; 
fuku (服) ; isho (衣裳) ; irui (^類) ; 
he-he [child's word] ; (given to a 
servant at New Year, etc.) shikise ; 
(polite) meshimono. 

bed …… , yagu (夜具). 

dress , embifuku (sHS 尾 服) ; 

reifuJcu (禮 服). 

foreign (i.e. European), yo- 

fulcu (洋服). 

holiday , haregi ; yosooiki, 

mourning , mofuku (喪 8 お. 

old , furugi. 

old merchant, furugi-ya ; 


plain (not uniform), shifuku 


plain constable, kaJcusode- 

junsa ; heifuku-junsa (平 ほ 巡査). 

Clothes-horse, n. ikd (衣 Iff). 

Clotlies-line, n. monohoshi-nawa. 
[The Japanese use a bamboo called 

Clothes-suspender, n. emon- 

Clothing", n. irui (衣 頹) ; ifuku 
(衣服); kind (着類); isho (衣裳); 
hifuku (被服). 

Clotted, a. katamafta ; gydketsu 

(凝結) shita. ' 
Cloud, n. kumo ; (fig., as of the 
political situation) fi'mn (風雲). 

the s have "begun to clear 

away, kumo ga hare-kakatta. 

to "be wrapped in s, wa] 

ichimen (一面) ni kumo kakatte 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 153 ] 


Cloud, i.Y. humoru. 

Cloud, t.Y. kumorase-ru. 

to become ed (of the eye), 


Cloud-capped, a. kasa-gumo wo 

Cloudy, a. kumotta. 

moon, oborodzuki. 

weather, donten (曇天) ; 

uttdsh'd tenki ; (in spring) hana- 

to become , kumoru ; kumotte 

kuru ; (of a liquid) nir/oru. 

Cloiuliness, n. uJcki (鬱举 ) ; (of 
wine) nigoite oru koto ; nigori. 

Cloudless, a. harder, seird (晴 期) 

Clout, n. zdkin (雜巾 ). 

Clout, t.Y. (strike) utsu. 

to on the head, atama wo 

kurawase'ru. , 

Clove, n. chdji (丁子), 

Cloven-footed, a animal, 

soteiju (雙蹄 獸). 

Clover, n. umagOyashi ; tsume-gusa. 

wJiite , oranda-renge ; sliiro- 


Clown, n. dokekata ; taikomochi ; 
hokan (,間) ; kokkeis7ia (滑稽者) ; 
(rastic) inaka-mono ; yajin (gf A). 

Clownish, a. husahd (無作法) 德 ; 
soicotsu (粗忽) na. 

Clownislily, adv. husahd ni ; sokotsu 

Clownishness, n. husahd ; sokotsu. 
Cloy, t.Y. (glut) mampuku (滿 腹) sase- 
ru ; (surfeit) hds?ioku (暴食 jf s. 

Club, n. (association) kurabu (俱樂 
部) ; (card) mitsuha ; (stick) ho (棒) ; 
kombo (棍棒) ; (pilgrims') kosha (講 
社); kdja (講中). 

president of a pilgrims' , 

sendatsu (先達). 

Club, t.v. to to death., hoku- 

satsu (撲殺) s. 

Club-foot, n. snrikogi-ashi ; ehi- 
ashi ; kama-ashi. 

Cliib-moss, n. hlkage no kctdzura. 

vJluck, i.v. kokko to nalcu. 

Clue, n. tegakari ; iancho (端緒) ; ito- 
cjuehi ; atedo ; kokoro-atari [the last 
two signify greater chance of dis- 
covery] ; (trace) Jceisejci (形 蹟). 

Clump, n. (of bushes) yctbit ; (of 
trees) mori. • 

Clumsily, adv. bukiyd (無 器 HI) ni) 
setsuretsu (拙劣) ni ; heta ni ; rodon 
ni ; ma-nuke ni ; futeisai (不體 裁) ni. 

Clumsiness, n. hukiyd ; setsuretsu ; 
rodon ; ma-nuke ; futeisai. 

Clumsy, a. (of persons) hukiyd na ; 
ma-nuke na ; rodon (#|$) na ; fu- 
teisai na ; (of shape) hukakko (無洽 
女 了') na ; Imsaiku (無 細工) na. 
a fellow, bukotsu-mono. 

Cluster, n. (of flowers) ichida (一華) 
no liana ; (of fruit) fusa ; (of in- 
dividuals) hito-mure ; gvnju (f^p). 

large (of fruit), suzunari. 

star , seidan [MM] ; seigun 

(星 群). ' ' 

Cluster, i.v. (of persons, etc.) mura- 

datsu ; murarjaru ; fjunju (群集) s. 
Cllltcll, t.v. nigiru ; tsukainu. 
to tight, nigiri-tsume-ru. 

Clutch, n. mgiri ; isukami. 
Clyster, n. kwanchb-zai (灌慯 劑). 

to give a , kwanchdzai ico 


Coach, n. hasha (馬車) ; (closeable) 

Coachman, n. gyosM (駭 者). 

Coadjutor, n. Iiosha (IB^) ; joshu 

(助手) ; jorikisha (助力 者) ; tetsudai- 

nin (手傳 人). 

Coagulate, i.v. kdri-kaiamm'u ; gyd- 
kdm (凝結) s. 

d blood, gydketsu (凝血). 

Coagulation, n. gydketsu (凝結). 

Coal, n. sekitan. 

bituminous , yushitsu-seki- 

tan (袖 質 石炭). 

dep6t, sekUanko (石炭 庫) ; 


...... field, Miden (煤 田). 

Hosted by GoOQIc 


[ 154 ] 


mine, sekitanko (石 炭坑). 

smokeless , muen-selcitan (無 

烟 石炭). ■ 
Coal-lieaver, n. sekitan-katsugl 
Coaling-station, n. chotanjo (貯炭 
所) ; sekUan-chochikujo (石炭 貯翁 所). 
Coalesce, i.v. kicaigd (會 合) s ; 
lcet$ucjb (結合) s; rengo (連合) s; 
wago (^n^) s ; gassuru. 
Coalesceiiee, n. kwaigd ; ketsugb ; 

rmgd ; icago. 
Coalition, n. v. Coalescence. 

government , renqd-naikalcu 
(聯合 内閣). ' 
Coal-scuttle, n. sekitan-h'e ; seki- 

Coaming's, n. sblmran (槍 口 亂 
Coarse, a. ami ; arappol ; (in make) 
sosei (fe^) no ; sozo (粗 造) no ; (in 
texture) jl no ami ; me no ami ; 
(rade) yahi na ; somatsu (粗末) 7ia. 

food, soshoku (粗 寫). 

language, kitanoA kotoha. 

Coarsely, adv. (carelessly) zonzai ni ; 
(rudely) somatsu ni ; hukoisu ni ; 

- yahi ni ; (thicKly) futoku. 

Coarseness, n. equiv. of Coarse 
foil, by koto. 

Coast, n. umihe ; hamaoe ; kaigan (?每 
岸) ; kaihen (海 邊) ; kaihin は繊' 
...... artillery, kaigan-hofm U 每^ 

砲兵). ^ 
tatter V, kaigan-hodai (海お 

砲 臺). 

. ..... defence, kaioo け每- 防) ; lea い 

gan-'bogyo (海岸 防禦). , , . _, 
. defence vessel, kaibokan 

(海防 艦). ^ ^ 
line, kaigan 母 序). 

Coast, i.v. to along", kaigan ni 

sote hashini ; kakjan wo noru. 

Coasting*, n. …… pilot, enkai- 

trade, enkai-hoeJd (沿海 貿 


vessel, enlcai-kdkdsen {WM 

航行 船) ; ji-rnaicari-hune. 
Coat, n. (garment) nwagi. 

... ... of arms, 7non ; mon-jirushi. 

of mail, Imsar'i-kauibira. 

dress , emUfuku (燕 尾 flR) ; 

reifuku (SgM). 

frock , furokku-fcdto. 

one (of paint), hito-nim. 

over , gwaito (夕 卜套 )• 

short ...... (jacket), sebiro. 

the first ...... (of paint), shita- 


the second , naka-nuri. 

the last , uma-nuri ; shiage. 

to turn one's (fig.), hensetsu 

mm) s. 

Coat, t.v. (cover) rdlkise'ru ; ou ; ni! 
kabuse-ru ; (with paint) nijnuru. 

to with, tin-foil, nijsuzu- 

haku wo lase-ru. 

to with, varnish, nijurushi 

wo num. 

Coated, p.p with, (metal) 

-kise no ; -hiki no ; (paint) -nur'i 

with, zinc, aen-biJci no. 

Coating", n. (of metal) kise ; [of. 
paint, etc.) 7iuri. 

Coax, t.Y. no/kigen (機嫌) wo torn ; (a 
child) nadame-sukasu . 

uobalt, n. * ; rjosu. 

oxide of ...... , sankica-koharuto. 

iJobble, t.v. zonzai ni koshirae-ru. 

Coblbler, n. kutsu-naoshi. 

Cobble-stone, b. gorota-isln ; jari- 
ishi ; maru-ishi. 

UObweb, n. kximo no su. 

Coccyx, D. Uryo-kotsu (尾閬 骨) ; 
Utei-kotsu (尾胝 骨). 

Cocliin-Cliina, n. Annan (安 南) ; 
Kochi (交 趾). 

CocMneal, n. ydkd (洋紅). 

insect, enogu-musm ; ensJii- 

chu ()g 脂 a) ; garanchu (呀斕 廒). 
Cock, n. oiulori ; on ; (of a gun) 
uehi-gane ; (of birds) osu ; on. 

and bull story, kwoto 

唐) na hanashi. 

...... fig-lit, tokei (鬪 鶴). 

to fight s, tori no ke-ai ico 

sase-ru ; tori ico ke-aicase-ru. 

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[ 155 ] 


Cock, t.v. (a fire-arm) no/uchi-gane 
鶴 age-ru ; (one's hat) yoko ni 

to the ears, miml ico soha- 

daie-ru ; kilcl-mirni wo tate-ru. 

cockchafer, n, kogane-mushi. 

fJOCk-crow, n. lchihan-(Iori no jibun 
(時分) ; kmnei (鵜 鳴). 

Cocker, t.v.' wo/shdai (鐘 愛) s ; ? co/ 
dekiai (溺愛) s. 

Cockerel, n. ondori no Ico, 

Cocktig"litiiig*, n. tori no ke'ai ; 
keito (鶉 鬪). 

UOCkle, n. akagai ; kisagal. 
UOCkle, i.v. (of paper) uku. 
OOcltroacli, n. ahura-mushi. 
Cockscomb, n. (bot.) mieho ; keito 
; (fop) share-mono ; date-sha ; 
(of a cock) tosaka. 

leafy , ha-geito. 

Cockspur, n. kedzume ; (bot.) san- 

UOCOaniit, n. yashi no mi. 

oil, yashi no abura, 

palm, yashi. 

Cocoon, n. mrMju ; kalko [properly 
the silkworm] ; (of wild silkworm) 

doupion , tama-mayu. 

pierced , der/ara. 

リ 0(l, n. (gadus brandtii & minor) tar a ; 
(g. chalcogrammus) sukechd-tara. 

rock , ainame. 

Code, n. hdfpi (y^ia). 

civil , nilmpo (民法). 

commercial , shoho (商法). 

criminal , keihd (开 ij 法). 

of civil procedure, minji- 

soshohb (民事訴訟法). 

of criminal procedure, 

kelji-soshdhd (刑 民訴 法). 

address, ryak'ugd 號). 

telegram, ungd-denshin (暗 

號 5 信) [used also to mean a 
cypher telegram]. 

Co-defendant, n. kybdb-hikoku (ih 
a 被告) [Civ. Pro.]. 

Code-word, n. dempdfugd (電報 符 

Codicil, n. (of a will) yidgonsho (遣 
言 書) wo isuika (i£j[jn). 

Coflil'y, t.v. hensan (編纂) s, 

Coflliver-oil, n. kanyu ひ ff 油) ; ま a 
no ahura. 

Coerce, t.v. kydhaku {^^) s ; shii- 
vu ; kyosei (强 s. 

to into doing", muri ni, or 

shiite, sase-Tu. 

Coercion, n. kyohaku ; kijdsel. 

Ooei'Cive, a. kydhaJat no ; kyosei no ; 
kydseiteki (强带 ij 的) no. 

Coercively, adv. kyohaku ni ; kyor 
ni ; kydseiteki ni. 

Coffee, n. kahe ; kdhi ; (Japanese, 
made with roast barley) hattai. 

Coffer, n. hltsu. 

Coffin, n. kwan {^) ; hitsugl ; haya- 
oke ; kman-oke ; [the two iatter are 
of tub shape] ; (iu which the body is 
laid recumbent) negxcan. 

Cog', n. ica no ha. 

Cogency, n. cMkara, 

Cogent, a. (of an argument) yfiryohu 

(有力) "0; (of a reason) yondoicoro- 


Cogently, adv. yuryoku ni. 

Cogitate, i.v, fnkaku kajic/ae-ru ; 
chlmhl (沈思) s ; jukko (熟考) s ; 
jukuryo (熟慮) s ; jukushi i 熟, 思) s ; 
shian (思索) s. 

Cogixation, n. chinsld ; jukko; shi- 
an ; juku7'yo ; jukushi. 

Cogitative, a. shisoryoku (思想 力) 
aru. ' 

Cognate, a. (of the same nature) 
cZond (同類) no ; ai-rui siiru ; doshu 
( 'ii'if^ ) no ; (related by blood) ketsu- 
zoku (血 疾) no ; shinzoku no. 

Cog-nac, n. * ; hurande. 

Cog'ilizance, n. chishiki (知識) ; 
mitome ; (judicial) niniei (認定 j. 

it came to my that he 

was absent from duty, kare 
ica shokumu (職務) ico . ycisunde 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 156 

otta to iu koto ga waiakushi ni 

to take ... … of, juri (受理) s [Civ, 

Cog-wlieel, n. ha-guruma. 

Coliabit, i.v. (live together) dosei (同 
棲) s ; (of husband and wife) fufu de 
Icurasu ; filfu-gurashi s ; (of man 
and -womaii) ddJcin (同 奚) s ; tomo-ne 
s ; fufu no yo ni hitoisu ie ni sumu. 

Coliabitation, n. fufu-gurashi ; 

ddkin ; dbsei ; tomo-ne. 
Co-heir, n. kybdd-sbzokunin (共同 相 

續 入). ' ^ 
Coliere, i.v. nenchaku (粘着) s ; 

nehaisuku ; hUisuku ; kuttsuku. 
Coherency, n. (connection) ren- 

zoku (連 續). 
' Coliere nt, a. (consistent) tsuji- 

tsuma no au ; renzoku suru ; ren- 

raku (聯絡) no yoku isuita ; ai- 


a discourse, tsvjl-isuma no 

atta ron (論). 
Coliereiitly, adv. renzoku shite ; 

renraku yoku tsuiie ; ai-tsuranatte. 
Coliesion, n. (connection) renzoku ; 

renraku ; (physics) gybshuryoku (凝 

聚 力); (sticking together) nenchaku 

(粘着) ; fuchaku (附着). 
Coliesive, a. nenchakuryoku no aru. 

power, nenchakuryoku (粘 孴 

力) ; gyoshuryoku. 
Coiffure, n. yuikata. 
Coil, n. (of a snake) [hebi no) 


of rope, tsuna no u'a ; tsuna 

no tag a. 

to arrange in a , wa ni s. 

Coil, t.v. wa ni s. 

to round, nij makitsuke'ru. 

Coil, i.v. (of a snake) toguro wo maku. 

to round (an object, of a 

snake), nijmaki tsuku. 

Coin, n. kwahei (貨幣) ; (as dis- 
till guished from paper currency) 
shokwa (正貨). 

copper , dosen (銅 錢) ; ddkwa 

(銅貨) ; zeni. 


counterfeit , nise-Icm ; gizo- 

kwahei (偽造 貨幣); qanzd-kwahei 
(贊造 貨幣) ; (jankin (黉 金). 

grold , kmkwa (金貨). 

silver , ginkwa (銀貨); 

(wedge) kusdbi. 

to pav a man back m liis 

own , hito ni shippei-gaeshi 

ICO s. 

Coin, t.v. chuzo (鑄 造) s ; i-ru ; fuku. 

Coinage, n. chuzo (鑄 造) ; (cmTency.) 
kwahei (貨幣) ; tsm;5-kingin (通用 金 

discount on , fuki-heri. 

Coincide, i.v. (with, ni) au ; (with, 

toyfugo (符 台) s ; togo (投合) s ; (ac- 
cidentally) ango (暗合) s ; (be con- 
temporaneous) wa]ddji (fel 時) ni 
okoru ; (math.) itchi (一致) s. 

Coincidence, n. (concurrence of 
events) fu(jo ; amjo ; (math.) itchi. 
a mere , fui (木 意) no koto. 

Coincident, a. equiv. of Coincide 
used as adj. 

Coinciclently, ady.fugd shite ; an- 
go shite ; itchi shite ; (contemporane- 
ously) ddji ni. 

Coiner, n. (counterfeit) gizdkwahei- 
chuzbsha (偽造 貨幣 鑄 造 者) ; nisegane- 


Coition, n. kosetsu (交接) ; kogo (交 

合) ; tsugau koto. - 
Coke, n. kokusu ; fjaitan (骸 炭). 
Colander, n. suind {^fi). 
Cold, n. samusa ; kanki (寒 氣) ; rei- 

ki (? 令氣) ; Jcanrei (寒? 令) ; (catarrh) 

kaze ; kambo (惑 胃); faja (風邪); 


subject to catching" , kaze- 


the demon of s is upon us, 

kaze no kami ga hair'u [common 

Japanese expression]. 

to catch , kaze wo hiku. 

Cold, a (indifferent) reitan (?令 淡) na ; 
(of bodies) tsumeiai ; hieta ; (of 
weather) samui ; hiyayaka na ; kan- 
ki na ; icanrei na ; reiki na. 

sake, hiy amice. 

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[ 157 ] 


...... water, wMzu ; reisiii (?令 水) ; 

hiya-midzu ; hiya [the last used by 

I feel a little , chiito samuke 

ga s. 

in blood, hdkl (平 氣) de ; 

mifzan (無 殘) ni. 

to be (of weather), hie-ru. 

to feel , hiyafsuku ; samul. 

to grow , hie-ru ; (fig.) reitan 

ni nam ; mujd (M'tn) ni naru. 

to leave out in the , woj 

reigtl (?令 遇) s. 

Cold-blooded, a. reiketsu (?令 血) 
na ; (fig.) zannin (殘 J^、) na ; muzan 
(無 殘) na ; zankoku (^|^) na. 

animals, reikefsu-dooutsu 

(?令 血 動物). 
Colcl-liearted, a. haknjd (薄情) na ; 
mujd (無情) na ; nasakenai ; reitan 
(?令 淡) na. 

Coldly, adv. (with indifference) rei- 
tan ni ; nasake naku. - 

Coldness, n. (indifference) reitan ; 
•mujd ; (of temperature) samusa ; 
kanki ; reiki ; kanrei. 

to treat with , reitan ni tori- 

atsukau ; reigii (冷遇) s. 

Colic, n. sentsii (癎 痛) ; fukvis'il (腹 
^) ; hara-itami. 

Co-litigants, n. kyddd-soshdnin (it 
同 訴訟 入) [Civ. Pro.']. 

Collaborate, i.v. to with, to/ 

gosaku (合作) s; to/rjassaku (合 
作) s, ' 
Collaborator, n. gdsakusha (合作 
^) ; gassakusha (合作 #)• 

Collaboration, n. gassaku ; go- 
saku. ' 
this book was translated by 

A in with B, kore ica kd 

(甲) to otsu (乙) no kyoyaku (共 譯) 

Collapse, n. (fig.) gwakai ぼ 解); 
dohd-gwakai (土 崩 3^ 解); (med.) sei- 
ryoku'Chtnsm (勢力 沈 衰); kmdatsu 
{mM> ; (of a building) hbkwai (崩 壞) ; 
(of a plan, etc.) shipped (失 妝). 

Collapse, i.v. (fig.) gwakai s ; dohd- 
gwakai 5 ; (of a building) kudzure-ru ; 
hokwai s ; (of a plan) shippai s. 

collar, n. eri ; kara. 

dog's , kuhiwa. 

h-igh. party, haikara-td. 

stand-up , tachi-gara. 

turn-down , nijd-kara. 

white (mark on a bear's 

throat), isuki no ica. 

CollaiVbone, n. sakotsu (鎖骨). 

Collate, t.v. yomi-aicase-ru ; taisiio 
(對! !さ) 5; hyofjd (咬 合) s; (coUect) 
soroe'ru ; seiton (缝頓 ) s. 

Collateral, a. (subordinate) fudzui 
(附隨 ) no. 

family, hunke (分家) ; shi- 

shm (支 親). 

relatives, hokeishin (傍系 親) 

[Civ. Co.]. 

security, fuka-teito (附カ 口 抵 

當 )' 

Collation, n. (act of collating) 
equiv. of Collate foil, by koto ; (of 
facts) taishd (對 3 袞) ; (repast) shden 
(小宴) ; ko-zakamori. 

a stand-up , risshoku (立食). 

Collator, n. taishdsha (對照 者). 

Colleague, n. ddryd (同僚) ; dbyaku 
(同役); ま ws/ia (同職 i). 

Collect, t V. aisume-ru ; (a debt) tori- 
iate-m [Com. Co., Civ. Co.] ; (by call- 
ing) yohi-atsume-ru ; shoshu (召集) s ; 
(by purchase) kai-atsume-ru ; (facts) 
shushu (KM) s ; mora (網羅) s ; (for 
keeping) tame-ru ; (into one body) 
hito-maiome ni s. 

ed speeches, enzetsushu (演說 


to one's self, ocM-tsuku. 

to taxes, shiizei (收税 ) s ; 

chbshit (徵收 ) s. 

Collect, i.v. atsumaru ; fukusb (輕輳 ) 
s ; takaru [vulg.] ; (of dust) tamaru. 

Collect, n. (prayer) iolcutd (特禱 ). 

Collected, a. ochi-tsuita ; jijaku 、自 
若) to shita ; heiki (平 氣) na ; taizen 
(泰然) io shita. 

Collectedly ,• adv. ochi-tsuite ; jijaku 
to shite ; heiki ni ; taizen to shite. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 158 ] 


Collection, n. (act of) eqmv. of 
Collect foil, by koto ; (of animals) 
atsumari ; mure ; muragari ; (of 
money) gienkin (義捐金); (of persons) 
kucaislm (會 集) ; (of poems, etc.) -slm 
(集) ; (of taxes) chbshu (徵收 ). . 

complete (as, of laws, in 

titles of books), daizen (大全). 

Collective, a noun, shugo- 

meishi (集合 名 ilKl). 

Collectively, adv. awasete ; subete ; 
. sotai (總、 體) de ; gasshite. 

Collector, n. (of art objects) kodzuka 
(好事家) ; Ujutsuka (美術家) .[sliould 
really be applied only to artist him- 
self] ; (of bills) kaketori ; shukinsha 
(集 4: 者) ; (of taxes) shuzeikican (收税 

College, n. daigaku ; daigakko (大學 
校). • 

of engineering", kdkwa-aai- 

gaku (工科 太 學). 

of law, hbkwa-daUjaku, {^p^ 

大學 )• 

of literature, hunkica-dai- 
ジ a/at ( 文科 人 學). 1 . 7 

of medicine, ikwa-aaigaku 
赚大 尹). . 

. of science, rikwa-daigalcu 

(理科 大學 )• 
Oolle-vegetale, n. kanten (寒天). 
Collier, n. sekitanhori ; tankbfu 

Collide, i.v. (with, m, or to) tsuki- 
ataru •, shototsu (衝突) s; (fig) iei- 
shoku (抵 醜) s ; ai-han s ; shototsu s. 

Colliery, n. tankd (炭 擴). 
Collision, n. shototsu (衝突) ; (fig.) 
shototsu ; teishoku. 

Colloquial, a language, zoJcu- 

go mm) ; zokmca (俗話). 
Colloquialism, n. zokuwa ; zolcugo. 
Colloquy, n. kwaiwa (會 話) ; taiwa 

(對 話). ― 
Collusion, n. nare-ai ; kyooo (共謀) 
[Civ. Pro.] 

to act in , nare-ai de koio ico 

s ; tolisuji-ru, 

to be in , nare-au. 

Collyrium, n. me-gusuri ; iengaiisui 
(點 水). 

Colon, n. *; jiden (重 點); (anat.) 
Icetchb (結腸). 一 _ 

ascending , joko-ketcho (上す 了 

結腸 )• 

Colonel, n. rikugun-taisa (陸軍 大佐) 
[with the name] ; taisa [after the 
- name] ; (of a cavalry regiment) 
kihei-taisa (騎兵 人 佐); (of artillery) 
hdhei-taisa 兵大 fe). 

lieutenant …… , cMsa (中佐), 
surgeon , Uto gun-i-sei (一等 

軍 磐 正). 一 
sure^eon-lieutenant , nito- 

グ穩 (二等 軍醫 正). 
Colonial, a. shokuminchi (Ji [民 地) 
no ; zoImcM (屬地 ) no ; shokuminielci 
(Ji 民 的)" 0. . 

p'overnment, (in Formosa) 

sbtokufu (辑 府) ; (in foreign 

countries) seichb (j^ 廳). 

office, (in Japan, formerly) 

- takusholcumushd (拓 爐務 省); (in 

other countries) shokmninsho (グ 直 民 

省). . 

Colonist, n. shokumin (殖民) ; iji'imm 
(移住 民). 

Colonization, n. kaitaku (開拓) ; 

kaikon (開墾). 
Colonize, t.y. kaikon s ; kaiiaku s 

nil shokumin s. 
Colony, n. (country colonized) shoku- 
minchi ; zokuchi. 

Minister for the …… s, (in 
Japan) taJcushokumu-daij in (拓^^! 
務 人臣) [office no longer exists] ; 
(in other countries) shokumu-daij m. 
ColOSSiaiiS, n. (epistle) Korosai-sho. 
Colour, n. iro ; (of dyed materials) 
some-iro ; (of paintings) saishiki 
色). . 
s, (paints) enogu ; (of paint- 
ings) saishiki (彩色); chakushoku 
(瞀 き). 

of age (on act objects), /im*- 

mi ; koshoku (-占 色). 

guard of the s, gunki-goeitai 

衛, 隊). 7 つ ソ白他 

Imperial s, k 動 ki (皇 旗). 

regimental s, gunki (軍旗) ; 

rmta'iki (聯隊 旗). 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 159 ] 


royal …一 s, oki (王 旗). 

saluting- the s, gunki-keirei 

(軍旗 敬 禮). ' 

to change , kao-iro wo kae-ru. 

to salute the s, gunki ni 

keirei s. 

troops serving with the s, 

j き;' (常備 兵). 

Colour, t.v. irodoru ; nijiro wo tsuke- 
?' saishikl (彩色) s; chakushoku 
. (着色) 

Colour-bl iiicliiess, n. sMlmno (色 


Coloured^ a. iro'dotta ; saishikl no ; 
also expr. by iro- prefixed to the 
noun ; as, 

shirtings, iro-ganakin. 

Colouring, n. (of paintings) sai- 
sliiki ; irodori ; (colour-scheme of a 
picture) iro-ai. 

Colourless, a. mushoku (to 色) no; 
(fig.) mumi (無味) na. 

and transparent, mushoku- 

iomei (無色 透明) no. 

Colour-print, n. nisMki-e. 

Colour-printed, a. saishiJd-dzuri 

Colporteur, n. kdshdnin (行商人). 
yJOiX, n. koma. 

Columbine, n. (aqnilegia) odamaki. 

Column, n. (mil.) jiiretsu (縱 列); 
j な ted (縦隊); ^of a book or newspaper) 
T 帆- (瀾) ; (pillar) maru-lmshim ; en- 
chn (圓 柱) ; (printing) a.n. dan (段). 

close 一.. , heigd-jUtai (閉 合縱隊 ). 

formation, jittai-taiji (縱隊 

隊 次). 

company …… , chfitai-jidai ftfjl^ 
縱, 镢). 

flying …… , hetsudbtai (別 動 隙). 

m our literary …… , lungaku- 

rannai (义學 檷內) ni. 

section ....':T^hdtai-jiitai (小膝 縱 


single (naval formation), 

tanretsu-jujin (單列 縦陣). 

to wheel into , jfdai (縱滕 ) 

ni senkwai (Jgjg]) 5. 
Coma, n. konsid (昏睡). ' 

Comatose, a. to be in a state, 

konsid (-g^) shite oru. 

Coml), n. kushi ; (cock's) tosaka ; 
(insect's nest) su ; (worn as an orna- 
ment) sashi-gusM. 

fine-toothed , snJci-gnshi. 

honey , hachi no m ; mitsu- 


tortoise-shell , hekko (籠 甲) 

no knshi. 

Comb, t.v. ni/hushi wo ire-ru ; ni! 
kushi ICO ate-ru ; kushi de kaku ; (long 
hair) tokasu. 

to smooth, kushi de nade- 


to out, suku ; iokam. 

Comlb-maker, n. kusUya. 
Combat, n. (battle) tatakai ; kbsen 

(交戦); sens ら (戰爭 ); (conflict) ioso 

(鬪爭 ). 

Combat, t.v. toltatakau ; tojamsou ; 
nilteikd (抵抗) s ; (an argument) nil 
hantai (反 對) s, 

oombatant, n. tatakau hito ; (as 
dist. from non-combatant) smtbin (戰 
鬪 員)' 

s, (of two armies) teki-mikata 

no ryogun (兩 軍); (of two or more 
persons) sbtosha (爭鬪 者). 

Combative, a. kmkwadzuki 
satsubatsu {^^) na ; 

Combination, n. (chem.) wago (初 
合) ; hogo (抱 合) ; (of persons) ketsu- 
90 (結合); domei (同盟); kyodo (共 
同); gappei (合併); rengo (聯合); 
(一致); (of things) ketsugd ; 
itchi ; (math.) hensuhd (變 法). 

oomome, t.v. awase-ru ; isslio (一所) 
nis \ gappei (合併) s. 

combine, i.v. issho ni naru ; gassu- 
ru; (chem.) wagd s; hogo s ; (form 
an association) danketsu (圑ぬ s 
(of persons) (with, to) ketsugd s ; do 
mei s ; meiyaku (盟約) .<? ; gappei s 
籠 s ; (of things) ketsugd s. 

Combustible, n. nensUtsulutsu (m 
置物) ; Icanemhutsu (可燃物). 

Combustible, a. kanensMtsu (可燃 
質) no ; (inflammable) moe-yasuC; 
moe no ii ; hitsuki no hayai. 

Hosted by 



Come, i.Y. Jcuru ; [syn. mairu, suisan 
(推 拳) s ; sanjo (參 上) s, and sanji- 
rmsu are used of one's self in speak- 
ing to an equal or superior ; o ide 
nasaru, o ide ni nam, irassharu, of 
the person addressed if an equal or 
superior ; mie-ru of a third person, 
one's superior ; maJcari-de-ru is a 
term of humility used of one's own 
coining] ; (to another's house) agaru. 

a down, reiraku (零 赛). 

…… ! …… ! Sa! Sa! 

off the flower-bed ! kwa- 

dan (花壇) wo dero. 
it came short of what we ex- 
cted, omotta Tiodo jubun {%^) 

please at four, yoji ni o ide 

wo negaimasu. . • 

please in, o agari nasal 

[Japanese house] ; o tori nasai. 

when spring- s, haru ni naru 


to about, oJcoru ; deki-ru. 

to across, watatte Jcuru ; 

koshite Jcuru ; (fig.) mi-ataru. 

to after, no/ato kara kuru, 

to and gro, drai (往來 ) s. 

to at (with intent to attack), 

nijtdbi-tsuUe kuru. 

to back, kaette kuru ; modot- 

te kuru. 

to by (obtain possession of), 

wa] te ni iru ; e-ru. 

to down, ori-ru ; Icudaru ; 

(lower price) nedan wo make-ru. 

to down in the world, 

. ochi-hure-rii ; reiraku (等 落) s ; 
rakutiaku ま魄) s. 

to for, (a thing) wo I tori ni 

kuru ; (to fetch a person) nojinukai 
ni kuru. 

to forth, de-ru. 

to home, uchi e kaeru, or 

modoru ; (to reach the mark) tehi- 
chu (適 中) s. 

to in, hairu ; (of rain) furi- 

komu. _ 

to into fashion, ryukd (流 

^y) ni naru. 

to near, chikayoru ; chika- 


to of, Jcara/de-ru. 

to off, tore-ru ; hanare-ru ; 

hage-ru ; (of dry paint) hage-ru ; 


(of wet paint) tsuku ; utsuru ; (suc- 
ceed) umaku iku ; shuhi (首尾) yoku 
iku; Seiko (成;^) s ; iki-todoku ; 
(take place) aru. 

to on, (advance) susunde 

kuru ; (progress) shimpo (進歩) s ; 
(for hearing) aru ; as, tliat case 

son for hearing on lilie 丄 st 

May, ano jiken (事件) no shimmon 
(審問) wa goa 観 tsvi ichimctii 、五 B 
一 ) aru [if the case is a long 
one karalhajimaru is used instead 
of aru]. 

to over, watatte kuru ; koe- 


to out, (be revealed) araware- 

ru ; (lit.) dete kuru ; (of a bud) 
megumu ; (of a flower) saku ; emu ; 
(of a stain) ochi'ru. 

to round (recover), hompuku 

(本復) s ; zenkwai (全快) s. 

to short (in quality or num - 

heT),fusoku (不足) s. 

to to grief (of a plan), ship- 

pcd (細ん ^ 7 7 

to to an end, owaru ; kyoku 

(局) too musuhu. 

to to light, araware-ru ; o- 

yake ni naru ; hanzen (判然) to 

to to one's self, (from a 

faint) iki-kae-ru ; shoki 氣) ni 
naru ; (recover command of one's 
faculties) shoki ni naru ; ki ga 

to to the point, ydten (要 點) 

ni kuru. 

to under (a rule), nilgaitd (該 

當) s' 

to up, ndbotte kuru ; agatte 


to upon (unexpectedly), 

omoigake naku kuru. . 

to up to (a standard), ni/au ; 

gdkaku (合格) s. 
to up with, oi-tsuku. 

Comer, n. new (in an office), 

shinzan (新 參). 

Comers and goers, de-iri no hito- 
Uto; (passers-by) drai (往來 ) れ o 

Comedian, n. doke-yakusha ; ddke- 

[ 160 ] 


Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 161 ] 


Comedy, n. ddke-shihal (道化 芝居) ; 
kokkei-engeki (滑糟 演劇). 

Comeliness, n. kiry5 no it koto. 
Comely, a. Kirei (奇 魔) na ; kiryo no 
II ; utsukushil. ' 

Comestibles, n. shokumotsu (食物) ; 
shokuryo (食 ま) ; shokurydhin (食料 

Comet, n. hdJd-hoshl ; suisel (彗星). 

Comfort, t.v. (console) ii-nagusame- 
ru ; nar/usame-ru ; imon (慰 fiO) s. 

Comfort, n. (consolation) nagusame ; 
(quiet enjoyment) anmku (安樂) ; 
Idraku [MM)- 

s (tor troops in the field, etc.), 

imoji-hin (慰問品). 

Comfortable, a. raku (樂) na; 
kokoro-mochi no yoi ; anraku na ; 
nukui [Kobe dialect] ; (of a room) 
i-gokoro no yoi ; (of boots) haki- 
gokoro no yoi ; (of clothes) ki-gokoro 
no yoi. ' 

Comfortably, adv. ralcu ni ; anraku 
ni ; kiraku ni. 

to be ―…. off, fujiyii (不自由) 
naku kurasu ; hidari-uchhi:a de 

Comforter, n. (for the neck) eri- 

Comfortless, a. fujlyu na ; fuUn 
(不便) na ; anraku de nai ; omo- 
shiroku nai. 

Comfortlessiiess, n.fujiya ; fuhen. 

Comic, a poem, kyoka (狂 ミ砍). 

Comical, a. (of persons) ddketa ; 

hakageta ; (of things) okashi na; 

odoketa ; hydgeta ; kokkel (滑稽) no ; 


Comically, adv. ddkeie ; hijbkete ; 
okashiku ; odokete ; kokkei ni ; haka- 

Coming, n and going, sUutsu- 

な (出入); 5mi (往来); de-iri. 
Comity, n. shitashirai ; yurji (友 ; 
^-ofjl (交 該). 

international , kosam (交際 

上) no m (好意). 

Uomilia, n. ten (黑 も). 

inverted s (printing), imjoien 

(引用 點). ' ' 

[The sense or inverted commas is 
conveyed by to iu no ica, or to wa, 
following a single term (as hito to 
v:a " man ,,) or to am v:a following 
a quotation]. 

Command, n. (mil.) kwanri (^Jj) ; 
kantoJcu (監将 ) ; (order) we わ' (命令 j ; 
Tiiei ; u-tsuke ; (possession of control) 
sMhai (支配). 

Imperial s, chokumel ほ 力 


officer in , shiklkwan (指揮 

宫) ; shirelkimn (司令官). 

the second in on the China 

station , Tdyd-kantai-fukushirei- 
k 画 (東洋 艇隊副 司令官). 

to give the word of , r/orel 

(號 令) ; gdrei s. 

Command, t.v. (give directions to) 
shiki (指彈 5 s ; (give word of com- 
mand) ni/gorei s ; (have -within a 
sphere of control, of a fort) ico/yaku 
ま) s ; (have within a sphere of 
vision) mi-watasu ; mi-harasu ; mi- 
orosu [the last from a height] ; (troops, 
a ship, etc.) shiki s ; (order) ni/meirei 
s ; ni/meijt-ru ; ni/ii-isuke'ru. 

England s the sea, Mlcoku 

(英齒 ) kaljdken ('海上 權) u'o sho- 
aku (掌握) s. 

to be ed (by the Emperor), 

dse-tsulcerare-ru ; no/mei v:o hdji-ru. 

Coiniiiaiiclaiit, n. shlkikvian (指揮 
官) ; shirelkican (司令官) ; shirel. 

C omiii a 11 cl ee r , t.v. chdhafsn (徵 
發) s. 

Commander, n. shirdkim". ; shiki- 
Jcican ; in Chinese compounds -did 
(長) ; (a general) taisho (大 U 守); sho- 
gun (iff 軍) ; (nayal rank) shosa (少 
fe) ; (of a body of troops) taichd 

in Chief, (mil.) rikur/im- 

shireichdJcwcm (陸 軍 "^J 令 長. 官) ; 
(nav.) kairpAn-shireichdfcicaii (海軍 

m Chiei 01 the Imperial 

Guards, konoe-fo/oAu (近衛 葡! 

Hosted by^^OOgle 


[ 162 ] 


in Chief of the army (the 

Emperor), daiqensul (大元帥). 
、-… in Chief on the China 

Station, Tdyd-kantai-shireicJid- 

kican (東洋 耀隊 司令長官). 
Coinmaiidin^, a. (controlling by 
influence) ikwd (威光) no aru ; igi 
(威儀) no aru ; ifil (威風) no aru ; (of 
a position) suyd (榲 要) no ; (over- 
looking) mi-harasu ; mi-oTOsu ; mi- 

officer, jdchdkican (上:^ 官) ; 

.shireikica れ ( ^ D ' 
CoilimaiKliueilt, n. imaskime ; 
hair it su (戒律). , 

the five s, [jokal (五戒). 

the ten s, jiklcai (ナ戒 ). 

Coiuiiia-Sliapecl, a. tomoe-gata no. 
Coiumeiiiorate, t.v. matsuru ; ki- 

nen (系已 念) s ; iicau. 
Commemoration, n. maisuri ; ki- 
nensai (ボ已念 祭) ; 】dnmshlki (糸 已念 式) ; 
shukutm (祝典) ; (act of) eqiuv. of 
Commemorate foil, by icoto. 
Commemorative, a. Jdnen-{no) ; 

kinen no tame no. 
Comilieiice, t.v. hajime-ru ; okosu ; 
(negotiations, etc.) kaishi (開始) s. 

to "business, kaigyo (龜 業) s 

[Com. Co.]. 
Commence, i v. hajlmam ; chaku- 

shu (着手) s. 
Commencement, n. hajimari ; 
tori-tsukl ; hottan (錢 端); (origin) 
okori; kigen (IS 原); ransho (il^). 

from the very , hana kara ; 

saisho (最初) kara. 

the of the cold weather, 

samusa no tori-tsuki. 
Cominencl, t.v. (entrust) yudane-ru ; 
makase-ni ; taku (fg) s ; itaku (委託) 
s; (introduce) shokai (紹介) s ; 
(praise) home'ru ; shosan (賞 |ft ) s ; 
slioyo (稱攝 ) s; (recommend) suikyo 
(推 撃) s ; suisen (推薦) s. 
Commendable, a. shdyo, or shd- 

san, su-heki ; hornete yoi hodo no. 
Commendatioii, n. shoyo ; (re- 
commendation) suikyo ; suisen. 
note of …… , suisen jo (推薦状); 

Comineiiclatory, a. equiv. of 
Commend used as adj. 

Comineiisiirable, a. おひ im (等分) 
no ; doryo (同量) no. 

number, jinsic (盡 數). 

quantity, jinryo (S 量). 

Commensurate, a. tekid (適 應) 

Comment, i.v. to …… on, (criti- 
cize) icolhlkyo (#[: 評) s ; icolhyoron 
(fpf^) s ; (write notes) chfikai (註 
解) .s' ; chfishaku (註釋 j s. 

Comment, n. (criticism) Mhyd ; hyd- 
ron ; (notes) chukai ; cliiishaku. 
favourable , kbhyb (好評). 

Commentary, n. cHukai ; chfisha- 
ku ; chu. 、 

C omiiienta tor, n. chukainin ; chii- 

Commerce, n. shogyo (商業); sho- 
hai (商 胃); tsusho (通商); hoeJd (貿 
易) ; kS^kl (交易) [the last three when 
speaking of commerce with foreign 
nations] ; (between the sexes) kogo 

cliam"ber of , shof/yd-kicaigl- 

sho (商業 會議 所). ―… 
treaty of , tsusho-joyaJm (組 

商條 約). 

Commercial, a. Idekijo no ; shogyo- 
jo (商業 上) no ; shdbaijo no ; tsu- 
shojo no. 

agent, shdgyd-dainsha (商業 


attache, kdshikicandzufci- 

shogyd-shisatsuin (公 使 ま&附 商業 視 

察 歲)' , -,, 

Dureau, shomukyoku (商務 

局); お z おみ 5 ん' 卯ん It (通商 局). 

code, shono (商法). 

museum, shohin-cnmreisu- 

port, hoeki-ko (貿易港). 

transaction, shoKoi (商 行爲) 

[Com. Co.] ; shogyojo no torihiJci. 

traveller, chumon-tori. 

person with, an extensive . 

connection, torihiJd'saici no oi, or 
hlroi, Jdfo. 

Hosted by Google 


[ 163 ] 


Coiumination, n service, 

taisai-scm ge ( 齋懺 1 每 ) . 

Comiliiiigle, t.y. maze-ru ; konji ru ; 
konv-a s; konrio ほ も 合) s, 

tjomiii ingle, i y. mazaru ; Jconji-ru ; 
Icon go s. 

Coiuiuiserate, t.v. auaremu ; fa- 
bin (不便) ni omou ; kaicai-sd ni 
omou ; hinzen (懲然 ) ni omou. 

Commiseration, n. mmremu koto ; 
aicaremi ; remmin ('雜 愁) ; hinzen. 

Commissary, n. (mil.) shicJidkan 
(輜 重監) ; hydrd-r/akarl 

general, heltan-sdlv.n (兵站 

練、 監 )• 

Commissariat, n. (in the field) 
Jieitamlm (兵站部); hydrdkyoku (兵 
糢 局). 

Commission, n. (brokerage) k5sen 
(口 錢); iesuryb ; seicaryd ; (certifi- 
cate of office) ininjo (^任 )1 犬') ; (mo- 
ney-changer's) klrichin. 

of an offence, hamai (犯罪) ; 

isumi ICO okasu koto. 

of inspection, shisafsum 

(視察 員). 

examination for a , shokd- 

(將校 試 驗). 

sale on , iral-u-hamhai (委 ま乇 

販寶 ). 

Coiiimissiou, t.v. ni/taku s ; ni! 鶴- 
kase-ru ; m/inhi (季 任) s ; ni/zoku- 
taku (廳 -托) s ; rdjitaku (委 ま乇) s ; 
(from a superior officer to a sub- 
ordinate) ni/fcen (灌) ? t'o sadmke'ru. 

Coiiiiuission-ag*ent, n. nakarjai- 

Commissioned, a officer, 

shoko (H き 校) ; shikican (士官). 

Commissionaire, n. macM-dzukai. 
Commissioner, n. kakari ; i'm 
(委昊 ); rijl (理事); ヌ 霞お 霞れ (事務 
官) ; (for the examination ot wit- 
nesses) jufakii'hanji (受託 判事). 

chief , jimucndkican (事務長 


of customs, zelkiranclio (税 

關 長). 

of police, keihucho (警部 長) ; 

(in Tokyo) heishi-sokan (警視 M 、監 ). 

special , iohuha-j'mvMcmi (特 

派 事務官). _ _ 

trade , s ! lo リ yo-shisatsui れ (商 

業 視察 員). 

ijommission-iuercliant, n. na- 


iJomillit, t.T. (an offence) okasu ; 
ni/tsumi wo okasu ; (entrust) ni/taku 
(まお s ; 7ii/makase-ru ; ni/min (委任) 
.9 ; (of theft, etc.) hataraku, 

to be ted for trial, kdhan 

(公判) ni fusare-ru. 

to a crime, tsimil uo okasu ; 

hanzai (ざ H 罪) s. 

to adultery, mittsu (密通) s. 

to a theft, settb (窃盗) s. 

to lor trial, kblian (公判) 

nifu (附) s [Cr. Pro.]. 

to murder, hifor/oroshi wo s, 

to one's self, kotohajichi ico 


to …… robbery, goto (强 盗) s. 

to suicide, jisaisu (自 森) s. 

to to memory, anki (l^ 記) 

s ; sorariji-ru. 

to to prison, ico/togokir 

獄) s; mjnywjoku (入 献) u'o mei- 

Comiiiituieut, n. (to prison) td- 
goJcu ; goku m kudasu koto. 

Committal, n. (for trial) kdhan ni 
fusuru koto. 

Committee, n. tin (委員). 

chairman of , iincho (委員 


room, linsJiitsu (姿晨 室). 

member of a , i-in (委 美). 

standing , jochi-iin (常置 

委 具). 

Commix, i.v. h ongo (;尾 合) s ; kom'—'a 
s ; mazaru. 

Commixture, n. kongd ; komca. 

Commode, n. (night-stool) chodzu- 

Comiliodious, a. henri (便禾 IJ) no ii ; 

henri na ; henfji (便宜) na ; (of a 
house) Jcatte no ii ; fsugo (都合) no ii. 

Commodioxisly, adv. (of a bouse) 
kaiie yoku ; tsiigd yoku. 

C Oinmortioii s n e S S , n. henri ; hen- 
r/i ; krttte no n koto ; tsurjo no ii koto. 

Hosted by Goo ヌ k 


[ 164: 3 


Commodity, n. sh'mamono ; akinai- 
mono ; shohin (商品); kicahutsu (貨 

ies, shoshiki (諸 色). 

price of ies, hukka (物價 )• 

staple …-. ■.,jiiydhin (重 宴 品). 

Common, a. (used by the public) 
koshu ("^衆) no; koyo (公; 1 わ no; 
(owned in common) kyoyu (共有) 
no; (frequent) Jieizei (午 生) no; 
tsfirei (通 列) ? 10; fudan (不睡 ) no; 
(general) futsu {^M) noj ippan 
(一般) ? 10 ; (ordinary) jinjo (尋常 ヌ no ; 
l)Onyd (凡庸) れ 0; Aeibo れ' (平; t) no; 
honzoku (凡俗) no ; nami no ; tada 
no ; (ordinary, in depreciatory sense) 
somatsu (粗末) na. 

a fellow, rettd-dbhutsu (劣 

等 動物)' . マ, A 

a saying", ari-jureta hana- 

shi ; futsu 通) no hanasM ; zoku 

m lu koto. 

a soldier, neisotsu (兵卒). 

estate, moyai-jmsno, 

gender, tsfisei (通性). 

noun, futsu meiski (醬 通 名 

詞). . 1, 

occurrence, aviyackt na 


property, kydyubutsu (共有 


sense, joshiJci (常識). 

in , (like others) doyo (同 檬) 

ni ; (in concert) kyodo (共 I^J) 
? li. 

is no person, ncnni no hito 

de ica mil. 一 

out of the , hito-ton de nai ; 

nami-hadzureta ; hibon (非凡) na ; 
(of objects) chinJci 奇) na ; 
ke-u na. 

the people, heimin (平民) ; 

shomin (庶 良) ; nami no hito. 

Common, n. kyoyiwhl (共有地); 
Jcochi (公 

rights of , iriai-ken (人 會攉) 

[Civ. Co.]. 

Commoner, n. heimin {^-]^). 

Commonly, adv. tsune nl ; tsilrei 
(通 列) ; fudcm (不斷 ) ; Mzei (平生) ; 
ippan (一般) ni ; (in common par- 

. lance) zo/cu nu 

Commonplace, a. heWon (平凡) 
na ; honyo {JLM) 鉱 

a discourse, heihon no hana- 

shi ; heboron ; ari-fureta hanasJd ; 
chimpu (陳腐) na setsu (說 )• 

Commons , n. House of , 

shfigi-in (衆議院). 
Commonwealtli, n. (form of gov- 
ernment) Jcydwa-seiji (共和政 殆) ; 
(confederation) rempo (聯 ま 

Commotion, n. sawagl ; sodo (騒 

Communal, a. shichoson (市町村)? w>. 
Commune, n. (rural) gun (郡) ; 

(urban) shi-ku (rf50£). 
Commune, i.v. to witli one's 

self, moJckd (默考 ) s ; chmshi (沈 

思) s, 

C ommuii ic ab 1 e, a. isutaerareru ; 
(of a disease) densen (傳染 ) sum koto 
m dekiru. 

Commxinic ant, n. juseisansha (受 
聖餐 者). 

Commxmicate, t.v. (a message) 
dengon (@ 言) s ; (from an official 
superior) tassuru ; tsutatsu (萍 達) s ; 
(give information) tsuchi (通知 j s ; 
sfiirase-ru ; hdchi 《幸 伎 知) s ; (of a 
disease) densen (傳 t^) sase-ru ; utsu- 
rase-ru ; (of knowledge) denja (簿 
授) ん 

Commiiiiicate, i.Y. (as, two rooms) 
tsujiie oru ; (partake of communion) 
seisan {W^) wo ulcc'ra* 

to "with, tojkbtsu (交通) s ; 

(enquire of) niltoiawase-ru. 
Communication, n. (act of) eqtdv. 
of Communicate foil, by koto ; 
(intercourse) koisii (交通); (letter) 
tsfwho (通牒); shomen (書面) [offi- 
cial] ; (passage between) kotsii ; (sent 
to a newspaper) tosho (投書) ; kisfio 
(き 書) ; (tidings) otodzure ; tayori ; 
shbsoku (消息). 

s (mil.), kbtsil ; renmku (交通 

聯絡) ; kdtsfcse7i (交通 線). _ 
department oi s, ielshinsho 

(遞信 省). , , 

evil い… s corrupt good man- 
ners, sJm (朱) ni iivijiyytreha akaJcu 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 165 ] 


line of , Tcdtsil-smro (交通 線 

路) ; hdtansm (兵 粘 線). 

jkLinister of s, teishm<lalnn 

(遞信 大臣). , 

railway is mterruDted, 

tetsndo (鐵 道) f/" fiitsu (不通) ? i《 

there is telephonic be- 
tween Tokyo and Yokohama, 

Tdlcyd to Yokohama-kan (間) ni 
(lenwa (雷 話) no kotsu リ a am, or 
denwa ga tsujite oru. 

Coiiiiniiiiioative, a. hanashizukl 

to be , fiilcHzd (腹蔵) naku 


Coillimiiiion, n. (Lord's Supper) 
selsan; seisanshiki (ま餐 式), 
to administer tlie Holy , 

seisans/iiki ico okonau. 

ComiuuniiSin, n. kydmnron (i^ 產 

Coiiiiiiunist, a party, kyd- 

sanfo (共產 露). 
Community, n. (a society) da ま i 
(圑體 ) ; (state) kokumin (國 民) ; (the 
public) koshU (公衆). 

of sentiments, dojo (同情). 

the foreign , kyoryil-gwaijin 

(居留 夕 卜 人); qwaijin-shakirai (タト 人 
社 會). 

village , huraJcu (部落). 

Commutable, a. (exchangeable) 
kaerareru ; hbkican (交!^) no dekiru. 

Commutation, n. (change) hen- 
kd (變、 更) ; (interchange) kokican (交 
換); (in law) genkei {WLM). 

Comimite, t.v. (exchange) kae-ru ; 
(interchange) kokwan (交換) s ; (in 
law) genkei s. 

Compact, n. yakusoku (約束) ; ya- 
knjo (約定) ; kelyaku (契 糸る). 

Compact, a (closely united) mitcha- 
Icu (密着) shite aru ; kimmitsu (緊密) 
na ; (of texture) me no tsunda ; 
(solid) kenjitsu (堅 實) na ; kengo (堅 
固) na ; kenrd (堅 牵) na ; (terse) 
kanketsu (簡潔) na, 

Gompaotly, adv. keiirb nl ; I'mgo 
ni. ' 

Compactness, n. kenjitsu ; kengo ; 
kenrd ; (of style) kanketsu. 

Companion, n. nakmmi ; tsare ; 
(colleague) doryo (同僚); doyaku ; 
(friend) tomodachi ; hdhai 輩); 
(on a journey) michidzure. 

for life (husband or wife), 


picture, aUe no e. 

C ompaiiioiiable, a. majlicari-ya- 
sui ; il-tsure no. 

Company, n. (band) nakama ; ku- 
mij (commercial) kwaisha (會 社) ; 
shbslia (商社); (guests) kyaku ; o 
kyaku san ; mlkyaku (來 客) ; Mn- 
kyaku (賓客) ; (of a regiment) ch fdal 

a ship's , norikumi'ln. 

double , chdrjo-chfitai (調合 中 

亂 ■ 

front , sahen-chntal (最前 中 

隊). 、域 
I cannot see mm, as X have 

with me, kyakurai (客 來) da 

Icara o at mbsu koto ga dekinai. 

in (before people), hito-naka 


in with, to issho nl ; io 

tomo ni. 

joint-stock , l-abushild-Jcwal- 

sha [Com. Co.]. 

rear , salgo-chatai (最後 中!^). 

to be in with, to /t sure- 


Comparable, a. to Ibe , kura- 

herare-ru ; v:a\hikaku (Jr^fe) fja 

Comparative, a. hik-aJcuteki (比!^; 
的) no. 

anatomy (med.) hiJcaku- 

ん "《り 5 (比較 解剖). 

degree (gram.), hikakukyfc 


Comparatively, adv. Mkakujd ; 
簡 rial ni ; hikakuteki (j: ヒ較 的) ni; 
(to a considerable extent) zuibun 
(隨 分) ; Jcanarl. 

Compare, t.v. karale-ru ; Mki-kura- 
he-ru ; mi-k'urabe-ru ; mi-awase-ru ; 
kurahete mi'ru ; hikalcu (比較) s ; 
(dociunents, or objects side by side) 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 166 ] 


hiki-awase-ru ; taisho (對 照) s ; ten- 
awase-ru ; (read over together) yomi- 
aicase-ru ; (refer to for comparison) 
somshd (参照) 

d with, ni/hisureha. 

to ...... to (liken by way of illus- 
tration), 7ii/mi-taie-ru. 

Comparison, n. hikaku (比較) ; 
(act of) equiv. of Compare foil, by 

koto ; (as, of handwriting) iaisho ; 
(for reference) samhd. 

degrees of (gram ), hikaku- 

, kyu (比較級). 

in with, ni kuraheie to ; 

tii hikaku shite miru to. 

will not bear , ddjitsu (同日) 

no ron (f 命) rd naranaL • 

Coinpartmeiit, n. shUdrl ; buhwi 

(區 分)' _ 
water-ti gn t , hosv l-Jcaku- 

held (防水 隔壁). 

Compass, n. (mariner's) jishaku (磁 
石) ; rashMan (pffM) ; kdkaiyo- 
rashingi (航海用羅^^儀). _ . . 
prismatic , sdryd-rashiagi 

(装 稜羅計 儀). _ 7. 

surveyor's , sokuryo-rashvi- 

.リ 《(測量 用 羅針儀). ^ , 

the four points of the , 

shihd (四方). 

Compass-needle, n. rashin. 

Compasses, n. rydkyakM (兩 脚規) ; 

Compassion, n. alren (愛憐) ; rem- 
min (憐 潤) ; awaremi ; liaicarl ; jihi 

Compassioiiat e, a. jihl no ant ; 
nasake-hukai ; awareppol ; soJcuin 
(ffilM) れ kokoro ga aru ; jihi-hukai ; 
airen-bukai ; remmm-hukai. 

Compassionate, t.v. aicar&nm ; ni/ 
jihi wo tare-ru ; ita;caru ; fuhin ni 

Compassionately, adv. jihl-huka- 
Jcu ; nasaJce-hukaku ; awarende ; ita- 
watte ; nasake wo kakete ; remmin- 
hukaku ; airen-hiikaku. 

Compatibility, n. IdteJn (恰 適). 

Compatible, a. to be , kamu ; 
tekigo (適合) s. 

Compatriot, n. ddhvkujla (同國 人); 
(ぬ& 5 (同胞). 

Compel, t.v. shiUe, zehl, or muri ni, 
or 7nu7'i yarl nl, foil, by the causative 
form of the verb ; as, 

he led me to go to Yoko- 

liaina, watakushi v:o shilte Yoko- 
hama e ikasefa. 

to one to do an unpleasant 

job, iva na shlgoto ico muri nl 

to (a person) to , • ni 

ICO shii'ru ; as, 

to (a person) to drink 

sake, Hi sake wo slmru, 

CoiiipeiKlious, a. kanryaku no ; 
fsudzumayaka no ; kaifmrmmla ; yo- 
ryaku no ; saxyo no. 

Compendiously, adv. kanryaku 
ni ; tsudzumayaka nl ; kaiisnmande ; 
salyd shite ; yoryaku shiie. 

Couipeiidiuiii, n. yoryaku (要略) ; 
saiyd (撮要) ; taiyd (大要) ; Jc5rel 

(辆頜 ). 

01 laws, horitsu-faiyo (法律 


Compensate, t.v. (make amenas 
for) aqanau ; tsugunau ; halshd (賠 

m) ん . 

Compensate, i.v. Imrare-ra [lit. to 
be exchanged]. ♦ 

does not for, 7ulkaerarefm. 

it does not me, Mkl-aicaiutL 

Compensation, n. (equivalent) 
tsuqumi ; haishb ; (money) tsugunoi- 
km; shoJcln ((賞金); Imisho-km (賠償 
金) ; (remuneration) lioshu {^M)- , 

"by way of , sono ka は at'l nl ; 

sono hbslm to shite. 

claim for …… , yosho (耍廣 ) 

[Cr. Pro.]. 

Compensatory, a. ts 'ゆ 通 I m ; 

haisho no. 

Compete, i.v. arasou ; ktjyoa ; kyoso 
(競 爭) s ; hari-au ; kyoskln (共 進) s. 
to for, Ko! arasou. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 167 ] 


Coiiipeteuce, Ooinpetency, n. 

(fitness) tekigo (適合); 飞 'SfS (相 當); 
leldtd (i^ 當) ; (of a court) kv-ankatsu 
(管轄); (powers) kewjen (權 限); 
(subsistence) soo (相 應) ivi shinsho 

master's certificate of , 

sencho^nenjo (船長 免状). 

to exceed one's , t'kkm 

(越 權) s. 

Compete lit, a. (adequate) s'oo na ; 
(fit.) tekito na ; soto mi ; teJdr/d na. 
he is a man for tlie post, 

sono s-hoku (職) ni fekUd na Idio de 

the Court, kvanhntsu-mi- 

h—o 轄 裁判所). 

the minister, shumy-daijm 


the officer, foijal-Jcwairri (當 

誘 官吏). ■ 

Competently, adv. sod ni ; /elifo 
ni ; sold n i. 

Colli] K^titioii, n. Lyoso (競 爭) ; 鮮 ぶ- 
ai ; kisoi. 

Competitive, a examina- 
tion, l-ydsd'Shikeu (競爭 驗). 

exhibition, kyds/unJacai 

(共 進 會). 

CoiiiiJetitor, n. h yososha (競爭 者). 

Coinpilation, n. (act of) hensan 
(編纂); (book) hmshusho (編 瞬 書); 
(thing compiled) hensan shita mono. 

Compile, t.v. kaM.-atsume-ru ; henshil 
(編^) s; hensei (編 製) s; hensan 
(編集) s ; (returns) chosd (調製) s. 

Compiler, n. hmmnsha (編纂 者) ; 
henshunin (編輯 人). 

Complacency, n. manzoku (滿 足). 

Complacent, a. (contented) omm 
(溫 和) na; (self-satisfied) jitoka (自 
得) shite oru ; iareri to shite oru. 

C ompl a c e litl y , adv. ( contentedly) 
manzoku shite ; (in a self-satisfied 
manner) jiio/cw. shUe ; fareri to shiie ; 
(without troubling) kammr ひ 'hu ni ; 
heiki (平 氣) de. 

Complain, i.v. (express pain) nanja 
(雞逾 ) ぜひ ヌ' ゾ; (gi'imible) fu.sol-u (; f; 

足) び む"; kujd (苦 ft) f-'o ia : (juzu- 
guzu ill ; fuhei (不 年) ?' *o 7iarasu ; 
rfuchi ICO ia. 

he ed of a headache, dzufsu 

ICO ultaeta. 

to against, nojuttae-ru. 

to to (a superior), niluHae-riL ; 

nijshusso (ffll^) s. 

Coniplaiiiant, n. kokusonm (告|1^ 
入) [Cr. Pro.]; r/enkoku (]^^) ; (sue- 
in g for damages in a criminal 
case) minji-qenlolcmilii (民事 原告 入) 
[Cr. Pro.]. ■ 

Coiliplaint, n. fuhei ; hujd ; < against 
a judge's ruling) I dh oku (抗告) [Cr. 
Pro., Civ. Pro.] ; (against a defen- 
dant) kokuso (告 (f) [Cr. Co., Cr. 
Pro.] ; aftae ; sosho ithMf.) ; (paper 
containing complaint) hvkusojo (告 
訴状) [Cr. Co.] ; uttae-sho ; sojo (訴 
^) ; (sickness) 7 ひ /5 人 i (MM.) ; y ひ舰 'i ; 
shippei (疾病). ' 

Complaisance, n. (courtesy) rehji 
(鱧 儀); ingin {9m) ; (compliance) 
jdjun ; (compliance, in a bad sense) 
mo た" ゾな (默從 ) ; (disposition to please) 
shmsetsH (i^tj]). 

C'omplaisaut, a. (courteous) reinl 
no aru ; inr/hi na ; (compliant) jfljun 
na ; sunao na ; (compliant, in a bad 
sense) moknjCi siiru ; ^desirous to 
please) shwsefsu na. 

Coiiiplaisaiitly, adv. rn<jl atsuku ; 
imi'm ni ; teicfio (鄭重) ni ; shinsetsu 
ni ; (compliantly) Jffj'wi ni ; smiao ni ; 
(compliantly, in a bad sense) raolcu- 
jii shite. 

Complement, n. (full quantity) 
zengakic (全額) ; zensfi (全^) ; (full 
nuinbers) zensu ; (full personnel) 
teiin (XEk) ; (gram.) Icircmselji (完成- 
辭) ; hosol、ni(io (輔足 語) ; (that which 
comDletes) tiojil (補充).; tashmae ; 
fashi ; hosoh u (|f|j^) ; ofjinai. 

Complementary, a. hoja sum ; 
tasu ; og'mau ; hofcetsu (補 火) sura. 

Complete, a. (entire) jiibun (充分) 
na ; in Chinese compounds zen- (全 j ; 
(of a set of things) sorotta ; guM 
i 具備) shita ; kicanzen (完全) ? la. 
a victory, zensho (^勝). 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 168 ] 


a stranger, m'uha shiradzu 

no hito ; aka no tanin. 

cure, zenji (全、? 台). 

the house, zenka (全家). 

to "become , sorou. 

Complete, t.v, (an undertaking) 
kicamei (完成) s ; (arrangements) 
iotonoe-ru ; (finish) siii-age'ru ; tsu- 
kuri-age-ra ; hatasu ; totonoe-ru ; seiko 
(成 効) s ; (of a building, etc.) rakusei 
(お 成) s ; (of an affair) rakuchaku 
(落 *i s ,• (supply deficiencies) soroe- 
ru ; hoju (1^^) s ; oginau ; some- 
times expr. by -dzumi ni nam [E. 
obj. + J. subj.]. 

to be d, deJci-afjaru ; shi-aya- 

ru ; joju (成就) s ; (of engineering 

work), shunko (续 i) s, 

to delivery of, icatashi- 

dzumi ni naru. 

to payment of, hdval-dzumi 

ni naru. 

Completely, adv. mam de ; matia- 
Icu ; marukkirl ; sukkari ; jubun (充 
^) ni ; preceded or foil, by a verb 
it is often rendered by kiru、 or 
hate-ru, suffixed to the indef. form 
of a verb. 

useless, sapparl yciku ni 


to be tired of, nilaki-haie-ru. 

to understand , wakari-Jciru. 

to use up , tsukai-isukusu ; 

Completion, n. shuttal (出 來); 
kwansei ; joju ; Icwanryd (完了); (act 
of) equiv. of Complete foil, by 
koto ; (of a building) rakusei ; (of an 
affair) rakuchaku ; (of a period of 
time) manJci (滿 期) ; (of engineeriDg 
work) shunko (^X). 

Complex, a. (involved) mkuzatsu 
(錯雜 ) shite aru ; fuhuzafsu (複雜 ) 
shite aru ; hanzatsu (繁雜 ) na. 

Complexion, n. (colour of the 
skin) Jcao-iro ; iro ; rjanshoku (顔色); 
(condition of things) kwolcei (タ 景) ; 
arisama ; ketjo (形 肤) ; moyo ; gicai- 
ken (外見). 

Complexity, n. mkuzatsu ; fu.ku- 
zafsv ; Jianzafsn. 

Compliance, n. (act of) jtijun ; 
fukujtl (服 從). 

Compliant, a. jfijan m ; "yfW-'a 
(柔和) れ な; sunao na ; (in a bad 
sense) mokuju sum. 

Compliantly, adv. jfijau ni ; nyiiva 
ni ; sunao ni. 

Complicate, t.v. maze-koze ni s ; 
konzafsu い; 尾 ま) sase-ru. 

to be d (of affairs), iri-kunde 

i-ru ; sa ski-mot sure-ru ; komi-iffe 

Complicated, a. irihunda ; komi- 
itta ; fukumtsu (齊 維) na ; sakuzatsu 
(錯雜 ) 德 ; (of illness) heihaisusho 
醒症) no. 

Complication, n. konzatsu (混 雜) ; 
sasM-motsure ; hanzatsu (葶雜 i ; 
(disease in addition to primary 
malady) heihatsiibyd (併發 症) ; (poli- 
tical, etc.) katfd (葛藤) ; fmca (不和) ; 
fungi (紛議); funjo (紛擾); fun-^fn 

(紛 転), 
siigiit , iki-chigai. 

Complicity, n. nare-ai ; kyohb (共 
謀) ; Tcybhan (共犯) [Cr. Co.] ; (as an 
accomplice) jfthan (逸 犯) [Cr. Pro.]. 

Compliment, n. (congratulation) 
shukuga (祝賀) ; (greeting) aisatsu 
(挨授 ) ; (hollow) o seji ; (praise) 
home ; shosan (稱賛 ). 

to present one's s, yorosldku 


Compliiueiitary, a. gagi (竄 儀) no ; 
shukufja (祝 no ; (flattering) o seji 
no ii. 

...... address, shukuji {MM) 1 

skukuhun (祝 文 j [written]. 

...... letter, gajd (賀状). 

ticket, yidaiken (@ 待 券) ; 

toJcutaiken (特待券). 
Comply, i.Y. shodaku (承諾) s ; shh- 
/" ん" (承服) s; d5M 同意) s. 

to with., nijoji-ru ; n'ljsMta- 

rjau ; (submit to) nilfukujii (flR 從) s. 

to with, a formality, teisii- 

dzuki wofumi'.. 
Component, a. gdsei (合成) no ; 
sosei (^JOt) れ ; kumi-iateru ; kosei 
(構成) 顯し 

parts, seWvji (成分). 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


Comport, t.Y. to one's self, 


Comportment, n. tarhi-furmiai ; 
oyojo (行状) ; sJwrjyd (所業) ノ 

Compose, t.v. (calm) shidzume'ru ; 
nadame-ru ; (form) koshirae-ru ; 
tsukxmi ; seisaku (成 作) s; (of a 
book) arawasu ; tsukuru ; chojutsu 
(著 彈) s ; (poetry) tsukuru ; yomu ; 
(printing) kiimu ; shokuji (植字) s. 

to be d of, ileldekife i'ru ; 

yorilnavitatte oru ; (of a machine) 
yorilkumi-taterare-ru ; (organized 
with) dejsosldki (組織) shite am. 

what is this of? kore v:a 

nan de deJcite oru lea. 

Composed, a. chlnchaku (沈着) ii". 

to be (tranquil), hi get simatte 

l-ru ; och'itsuite i-ru ; heiki (平 氣) 
de oru ; taizen (泰然) to shite oru. 

C oi iii>osing-s tick, n. sufeh-ki. 

Composite, a. shugd (集合) shlie 
am ; kami-aicase no. 

…… ship, f/dseikan (合成 艦), 
iekkotsu-moJcuhikxin ( 鐵 水 皮 f 監). 

Composition, n. (act of) equiv. of 
Compose foil, by koto ; (as, of a 
court, etc.) soshiki (組^) ; (com- 
pound) konqobutsu (ミ よも 合キ 勿) ; (con- 
stmction) (jdsei [^砍 ); .m«?ez' (組成); 
feisai (脉 裁) ; (for discharge of a 
debt) jidan (示談) ; (literary) salaibun 
(作文) ; (of a picture, etc.) ichi (位置) ; 
(style) hunted (文 鉢); (the literary 
work composed) saJcu (作) ; mknhun 
(作文); 龍 s み 5( 文 荜). 

Co】nposito;r, n. shokvji-kata (植字 
者) ; kimi-kata ; (of Eur. print) 

Composure, n. (ti-finquillity) heiki 
(平 氣). 

Coilipouilrt, n. (enclosure) konai 
(構! ; teinai [j^fip^) ; kakoi-uchi ; 
kamai-uchi ; yashiici ; (mixture) kon- 
(jobutsu ('? _ ^合 物) ; kwagobutsu (化合 
物) ; goseibutsu (合成物) ; mazemono ; 
{wovd) jiikugo (熱 語). 

Chinese (word), jukaji (熱 字). 


v^Oin pound, t.v. (combine) iwize-ru ; 

to medicines, kv—suvl v:o 

r ん 5 ゾ 5( 調^) s. 

to a debt, shakkln (借金) ico 

naisai (內濟 ) , つ sJmkkin no jidan 
(示談) s. 

to for one half, handaka de 

sumashife morau. • 

Compound, a. </dsei shifaru ; kicar/o 
shifaru; sosel (組成) shifaru ; (of 
engines) jilrensei (重聯 成) 7io ; fuku- 
shiki (複式) ? 

interest, jiiri (重利) ; mju- 

rls-oku (二重 利息). 

Compradore, n. kampu.. 

Compreliend, t.v. ica/r/afen (合 點) 
ga iku ; satoru ; rikicai (iS 會) s ; 
rybkai (了解). s'; nomi-komu ; also 
expr. by ham nl Jiairu, fu nl ochi-ru 
or, mime nl ochi-ru [E. obj. + J. 
subj.j ; (include) fukumu ; Jidgan 
(包含) s ; ganchiku (含蓄) s, • 

Comprelieiisibility, n. equiv. of 
Comprehensible foil, by koto. 

Coiiipreliensible, a. (capable of 
being understood) rikwai no deJciru ; 
rybkai no deJdru ; chitoku (知得.) 
suheJci ; satorareru. 

Conipreliensibly, adv. rikwai suru 
yd nl ; rydkai suru yo ni ; chitoku 
suru yd ni ; satoru yd ni ; nomi-komu 
yd ni. ' 

C ompreli e u sioii, n. gaten ; rikwai ; 

powers of , etohu-ryohu [%\%. 

力); rikwai-ryoku (理會 力). 

person of quick , nomikoml 

no hayai Into. 

Compreliensive, a. (extensive) 
kvntsudai (i 閣大) na ; hiroL 

a report, memmitsu (f 帛密) 

na hdkoku (幸 も 告). 

a …… scheme, claikufa (大工 夫) 

Compreliensiveness, n. kwatsu- 
dai na koto. 

Compress, t.v. osu ; ; 
oshi-chijime'ru ; oshi-tsuke-ru ; atchaku 
(壓 着) s : assaku (壓捧 ) s. 

ed air, assaku-kukl (壓搜 

空 氯). 

[ 169 ] 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 170 ] 


Compressibility, n. assaku no 
deJdru koto ; asshuku-shitsu (壓縮 質) ; 
osareru koto ; oshi-shmerarern koto ; 
osJii- chijimerareru koto. 

Compressible, a. assaku (H 拷) no 
dekiru ; asshuku 縮) no dekiru; 
aiclmku no dekiru ; osareru ; osld- 
sJdmerareru ; oshi-ch'jimerarern. 

Compression, n. (act of) equiv. of 
Compress foil, by kofo ; (state of) 
a tcJiaku ; a smk u • 

Comprise, t.v. (include) Jujkwatsu 
(^括) s ; f/ancMku (含蓄) . く' ; fukumu ; 
hogan (^^) s, 

Compromise, n. jidu'i (示談) ; 
naka-naori ; dakyo (妥協) ; icakai (和 
解) [Civ. Pro,, (Jr. Pro.] ; (between 
various views) setchusetsu (折离 H)fj ; 
(to avoid appeal to the authorities) 
nalsai (內 ]^). 

money Daid by way of , 

jidan-kin (示談 金). 一 
to make a .,...., sono (双方) 
ayuhi-au ; solid yudzuri-au. 

Compromise, t.v. (arrange) naisai 
ni s ; jUlan ico s ; ombin (Mffi) 
siimase-ru ; yudzuri-ai de sumase-ru. 

to one's reputation, gical' 

him (外聞) ICO sokonau ; rjioaibun 
wo imruku s ; (of an act) wa]hydban 
(評 列) れ i kakawaru ; ica]gicaibun 
ni kakawaru ; wa]gwaibun ni kwan 
s ; (of an act, by a merchant) ica] 
noren ni kakawaru [the subject 
being the compromising act]. 

Coiapromise, i.Y. ymlzurl-au ; joho 
(譲歩) 5; wakai (和き?) iro s ; da- 
kyo s. 

Compromising", a. uwaihun ni 
kakawaru ; hydhan ni kakaicaru ; 
gicaibun no icarid. 

Coiliptabilit^, n. kioaikei (會 tt). 

Compulsion, n. kyohaku (强 迫) ; 
mun-ojo (無理 挫 生). 

"by , muri-oshl nl : muri ni ; 

shiite ; oshitsukete, 

Coinpiilsorily, adv. sematte ; miirl- 
yarl nl ; iya-d nashl ni. 

Compulsory, a. ?? iwri no ; shiite no ; 
oshiisuke no ; kyoseiteki (5 虽制 的) wo 
[also pron. gdsei]. 

education, kyosei-kyotku (5 虽、 

制 教育). 

execution, kydsei-shifcu-o (ミ g 

制 執行). ' 
loan, oshl-f/ari. 

Compunction, n. zempi-koktnal (前 
非 後悔) ; isuik 職 I (迫 悔). 

Computable, a. sxdsoh n. mr,)ru ; 
keisan mreru. 

Computation, n. keisan (計算) ; 
Jcisan (起算) ; kanjo (勘定) ; (act of) 
equiv. of Compute foil, by koio ; 
(conjecture) suisoku (ネ 則). 

Coiiiimte, t.v. kazoe-ru ; keisan (計 
-^fi) s ; hakaru ; tsumoru ; kisan 
^) s ; kanjo (勘定) s : (conjecture) 
suisoku s. 

Comrade, n. nakama ; nakama- 
doshi ; (companion) hdhal {^'i^J ; 
ddryo (同僚) ; fomo. 

Con, t.v. manahu ; s-arau ; snrde-ru ; 
onshu (溫^ ) s. 

Concatenation, n. rem'aku (連 

絡) ; rem/d (連合) ; rmzoku (連 續). 
Concave, a. kuhonda ; nakahucu na. 

to "become , kuhomv.. 

Concavity, u. kuboml. 
Concave-convex, a. ototsn-ryo- 

men (IHJ 凸兩 面) no. 
Conceal, t.v. kakusu ; ou ; (a fact) 

tsuisimiu ; hnpd (隱蔽 ) s ; kakusu ; 


Coiicealllieiit, n. (act of) kakusu 
■ koto ; ou koto ; (of a fact) 鄉'" (隱 
蔽) ; (of the truth) kakushi-date. 

place of , kakure-basho. 

without , isutsurni'kakusJd 

naku ; fiikuzo (,^^) naku ; Jmku- 
mdzu ni. 

Concede, t.v. (admit as true) yuru- 
su ; daku (諾) s ; make'VU ; (a privi- 
lege) joyo (讓 1^) s ; (surrender) 

Conceit, n. jlman (自慢): jif". (自 
fl) ; umihore. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 

[ 171 ] 


Conceited, a. namaiJd 腿 ; unu- 
horefa ; jiman na ; jifu suru. 

fellow, namaiJci na yaisu. 

to be , rikd-huru. 

Conceitedly, adv. namaiJci ni ; 
horete ; jiman shite ; jifu shiie. 

Conceivable, a. sdzo (想 f 第) ?io deki- 
ru ; omoi-tsukareru ; omoi-hakarare- 
ru ; hakarareru ; shiryo sareru ; 
omompakaru koto no dekiru. 

Coiiceivableuess, n. equiv. of 
Conceivable foil, by koio. 

Conceive, t.v. (devise) mokuromu ; 
omoi-tsuku ; (suppose) hakaru ; omoi- 
hakaru ; shiryo {^^^) s ; omom- 

to be d (of a child), dekl-ru. 

Conceive, i.v. (a child) kwainin (懷 
JgE) s ; kwaital 月 合) s ; haramu ; 
mi-ffomoru ; ninsJmi (她娠 j s. 

Concentrate, t.v. (boil down) nl- 
tsume-ni ; senji-tsume-ru : (bring to-, 
gether) yose-atsume-m ; shiigo ( 集. 合) 
s ; (troojps) shuchii (棒 t^) s. 

to the mind, kokoro wo 

moppara ni s ; zenshin (全;^ ) no 
chikara v:o sosofju ; ki ico tsume- 
ru ; seishin (精 'じ、 j u'o kojne-ru. 

Concentrate, i.v. to at, ni/ 

yori-atsumaru ; nl/shugd s. 

Concentration, n. shugd (集合) ; 
yose-atsume ; kikxca (氣 化) ; (of 
inind) senshln (募' じ、) ; sennen (^; ft) ; 
(of troops) shilchii. 

Concentric, a. dochfh'hin (同 中心) 

circle, doshin-en (同' 亡、 圓). 

Conception, n. (med.) Jcwaitai (懷 
胎) ; harami ; ninshin ; kwainin ; 
(notion) onioi-tsuki ; sozo ; ryoken (量 
見) ; (power of apprehending) shikd- 
ryoku (思考力) ; sd2dryoku (想像力). 

to be beyond a person's , 

.9020 no hoka de aru ; sd7,d no todo- 

kanai koto de aru. 

Concern, t.v. wlkakari-au ; nlj 
Jncankei (關 係) s ; rdlkansho (ギミ 歩) s. 

a matter that does not 

cue, yoso-goto. 

that does not you, amt(t 

no adzukaranai koio da ; kimi no 
shitta koio ja nai [not polite]. 

the authorities ed, sono 

.s'l リ 7. 

the ed, rh/ai-kvxmkeinin (禾 ij 

害關係 人) ; kicankeisha ; kicankei 
no hito. 

the officials ed, t<jr/al-kicanri 

(當該 官吏). ' 

to be ed, ixa\kimnkei cja aru. 

Concern, n. (affair) jimu (亭務 ) ; 
ydmuki ; jlken (事 ff) ; (solicitude) 
'shhnpai し じ、 pi) ; ke-nen (挂ト itt) ; 
kokoro<lzukai ; れ a/r2/o ( 酉!! 慮)' 

that is a big (undertaking), 

o-jigyo (事業) da. 

to feel , sMmpcil s ; ke-nen s. 

Concerning', prep, ni t suite ; ni 
kakaicatte ; ni tsuki. 

Concert, t.v. hydgi (fpgp) ahlte kime- 
ru ; kyogi (fei 議) shite Jcime-ru ; 
hakaru ; kybtei (i^/ii) s ; (jitd (議定 j 
•s' ; rjikefsu (議決) s. ' 

ed, kyodo 洪同) no. 

ed action, remjd-undd (連合 

運動) ; hybdo-undb. 
Concert, n. ongakkicai (音 樂會) ; 

sbcjakkwai (奏 樂會) ; (agreemeDt 

in a plan) rmyo (連合) ; (musical 

harmony) gasso (4 奏). 

in , gasso shiie. 

to act in with, to i felled (提 

携) s ; to j koto wo tamo 'ni s. 
Concertina, n. ie-fiVdn. (手 夙 琴). 

Concession, n. (act of) equiv. of 
Concede foU. by koto ; (a govt, pri- 
vilege) tolckyo (持 許) ; kwankyo にきつ 
許) ; (for mining) salkuisuken (採 堀 
權) ; (settlementy kyoryftchi (居留地) ; 
(to lay a railway) fusetsuken (敷設 

exclusive (i.e. reserved to 

one nation), se nh: ? caoA-yoryuch i (靠 

瞀 居留地). ' ' 

lumber , salhaisu-tokkyo. 

mining* , saikutsu-tokkyo (探 

掘 持 許). 

mutual s, ta<jai. no joho. 

to make a , ipi)o (一歩) v:o 

yudzuru. ― 

to make s, joho (讓步 ) s ; 

icdjo (退 讓) ん 

Hosted by 



[ 172 ] 

Concli, n. horagal ; hora. 

Coiicliologist, n. kainu-gakv.sha 

翻 學 者). 
Concliology, n. kaind-fjahu (具 類 


Conciliate, t.v. (an inferior) natsu- 
ke-ru ; (win over) nojkigen (ij^ 嫌) ぜ。 
torn ; (win over, from a state of hos- 
tility) nadame-ru ; yawarage'rv. 

Conciliation, n. (act of) equiv, of 
Conciliate foil by koto. 

Conciliatory, a. odayaka na ; on- 
jun (溫 順) ua ; cJmca-teki (調和 的) 

Concise, a. te-mljika (手 短) na ; kan- 
ryaku na ; kantan (j^ 短) na. 

Concisely, adv. kal-tsumande ; 
tsudzumete ; ryaku (蕃) shite ; te- 
mijika nl ; kantan ni ; tsudzumayafca 

Conciseness, n. l-anketsu (節 潔) ; 
kantan ; kanryaku. 

Conclave, n, mikJacal (密會 ) ; sM- 
kwai (私 會). 

UOnclude, t.v. (a contract, etc.) tori- 
musuhu ; musubu ; teiJcetsu (練お) s ; 
(finish) shi'mau ; oicaom ; kicanketsu 
i 完結) s ; toge-ru ; kefsuryo {^J) s ; 
nolrakuchaku (赛 着) v:o tsuke-ru ; 
(infer) nintei (f 忍定) s ; mi-tome-ru ; 
suidan (推 斷) s ; (judge) dantei (斷 

to …… a treaty, joyaka (條糸 勺) 
wo musvhu ; joy aim ico teiketsu {j^ 

Conclude, i.v. musuhu ; kefsuryo (結 
了) s ; raJcuchaku s. 

Conclusion, n. (act of) ketsuryo ; 
equiv. of Conclude foil, by koto ; 

-.. (end) shimai ; oimri ; kekkyoku (結 
局) ; rakuchaku (落 管) ; shumatsu (終 
末); s7" 7 ?;i (終 尾); shilkyoku (終局); 
dondzumari ; (inference) mitome ; 
suidan ; nintei (首 忍 ; (of a treaty) 

of preliminary examina- 
tion, yosliin-shiiketsu (豫 審!^ | さ). 
in (opening a peroration), 

(vrari ni nozowle. 

Conclusive, a. taskika na ; kakkd 
(確乎) tcmi ; meikaku (明 fig) ?i ひ; (of 
reasoning) tekisetsu (適切) 亂 
proof, kicakusho (確證 )• 

Conclusively, adv. taskika ni ; 

danko (斷 乎) to. 
Concoct, t.v. (devise) kuicadate'ru ; 

hakaru ; kuf'ii (X^) s ; (prepare 

with various ingredients) koshirae- 


to a scheme, kmcadaie wo 


Concoction, n. (act of) eqtiiv. of 
Concoct foil, by koto ; (compound 
prepared with different ingredients) 
chimmi (珍味) ; chimhutsu (珍 物). 

Concomitant, a. ai-tomonau ; fu- 
dzui (附隨 ) no ; tsuite iru. 

Concomitant, n. soe-mono ; tsuJd- 

Concord, n. (harmony) icago (和合); 
waboku (和 ; chdwa (|^$n) ; (of 
opinion) closhin (同》 doi (同意); 
、 (state of agreement) itchi (一致), 
to be in , iDa]naka ga yoi. 

Concordance, n. jimoku-henran 

(辭目 便 覽); yoji-sakidn 
Concourse, n. gunju (群集) kicaigo 
(會 合) ; sM ゆ (集合) ; mkwai (大 

to make a , gunjxt wo nasu ; 

shuf/o s ; kimigo s ; taikicai s. 

Concrete, a. gydketsu (凝結) no; 
kessei (結成) no ; koketsu (固 結) shita ; 
(as opp. to abstract) (jutaiteki (具钵 勺 j 
no ; yfikei (有形) no ; 7ceish;Jm (jf 多而 

下) ? 10. 

Concrete, n, *. 

Cone 111) inag e, n. 7nekake u'o .oku 

koto ; chiJcusho (蓄妾). 
Concubine, n. mekake ; tekake ; 

kakoi-mono ; sho (妾) ; (vulg., of 

women attached to foreigners) rasha- 


Concupiscence, n. shiyoku (私 都 ; 
shikiyoku (色 愁) ; joyoku 愁) ; in- 
yolcu (淫愁 )• 

Concur, i.v. (act jointly) tomoni s ; 
kyoryoku (協力) ; tamke-au ; 
(agree) ddshin (同心) s ; fugo (符合) 
.9 : kamv ; (in opinion) dm (同意) s. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 

[•173 ] 


Concurreuce, n. (approbation and 
cooperation) samlo (賛同) ; (con- 
junction) (jodo (合同) ; kyodo (共同); 
(consent) doi (同意); shodaku (承 
諾) ; kyodaJcu (許諾). 

of offences, s/lzin-gultatsu 

(數罪 m 發) [Cr. Co.]. 

Concurrent, a. (cooperating) kyd- 
ryoku (共-力) no ; kyodo (さ终 同) ? lo ; 
(existing at the same time) ddji (同 
時) no ; (joint and equal in atithority) 
aolcen (|^ 權) v:o yu s, 

of£ence, ' heUjozai (併合罪). 

Concurrently, adv. tomo ni ; g as- 
shite ; kyodo (共同) shite ; (at the 
same time) ddji ? li. 

with, tolddji (同時) ni. 

Concussion, n. shddd (衝動) ; .s7i. /■/-<- 

<^o (震動). 

of the "brain, no-shlntd (腦震 


vJondeiiiii, t.v. (censure) stme-ru ; 
togame-ru ; (pronounce sentence on) 
nl/senkoku (宣告) s ; nijtsumi wo 

to as unfit for use, haibutsu 

(M 物) io sadame-ru. 

to to death, shikei (死开 ij) ni 

senkoku s ; shizai (死罪) ni kime- 


to to hard labour, jWdnko 

(重 祭錮) ni senkoku s. 

Condemnation, n. (act of passing 
sentence) tsumi no indshi-v:atashi ; 
senkoku sum koto ; (censure) seme ; 

to death, shikei (死开 ij) no 

li-rcatashi [Cr. Pro.]. 

Condemnatory, a. (sentence) kei- 
hatsu (MM) sum. 

language, seme-kotoba. 

Condensable, a. riyoshuku (、凝縮) 
no deJciru. 

Condensation, n. f/ydshuku (凝 
縮); (act of) equiy. of Condense 
foil, by koto ; (of style) ianshuku (短 
縮) ; kaaryaku 

Condense, t.Y. gydsMka (凝縮) s ; 
(of style, etc.) tanshuku 縮) s ; 
kanrijahu (節 兽) ni s. 

Condenser, n. r/ydfi^huku-kUA (凝縮 
滚 器). 

Coiicleiise, i.v. gydshuk u s. 

Coil^lescend, i.v. (tnamble one's- 
self) heri-kudaru ; koshi ico hikuku 
s ; mi wo kudasu ; kenson (謙遜) s ; 
7 勿 e (卑下) 6'. 

Condescending, a. teimi (鄭 寧) 
na ; shinsetsu (親 七 na ; (in an un- 
faToiirable sense) teinel ni mise-kake- 

Coildesceiiclingly, adv. telnei ni ; 
shinsetsu ni ; (in an unfavotirable 
sense) ieinei ni mise-kakete ; (of a 
Sovereign) kasMJcohu mo. 

Condescension, n. Ingm び纖); 

ieinei (gj^.) ; shinsetsu (親切). 、 
Condign, a. sdid (ネ 目當) na ; tekito 

(適 當) 漏 ; Shltd (至 當) 霞. ; sod (相 

應) na. 

v^ondig'iily, ady. soto ni ; tekito nl ; 
soo ni ; shitd nl. 

Condiment, n. (pickle) fsuke-rnono ; 
(spice) yak'imii (婆 味). 

Condition, n. (clause or term) jo- 
た e れ (條 件) ; kajd (ff 條) ; (state) ari- 
sama ; yosu (據 子); jotai (狀 態); 
jdicyo (肤况 ) ; keisei (形勢) ; Jcicdkei 
(光景); (status) mibun (J^) ; chit 
(地位) ; hungen (分限). 

actual , jikkyo 

precedent, feishi-joken (停止 

條件) [Civ. Co., Civ. Pro.]. ' 

on that, is most easily expr. 

by the conditional form of the 
verb ; yakusoku (糸 勺 束) ni shite may 
also be used preceded by the sen- 
tence which is the subject of con- 

the of affairs, jljb (事情) ; 

iolci no moyd ぐ 模様), 
the present of affairs, gen- 
Icon (現今) no keisei ; ima no arl- 
sama ; tbji (當 時)? lo keisei. 

Conditional, a. jdkentsuH (條 件附) 

Conditional 1 y, adv. joken wo tsvke- 
te, ovfushiie. 

C on, n. (for silk) 
Jdito-kensajo ('裰 査 所). 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 174- ] 


Condole, i.v. to …… with, wo! 

tomurau ; icojaitd (哀悼) s ; nilku- 
yami u'o hi. 

Condolence, n. (on a death) ku- 
yami ; aiio. _ 

letter of , kuyami-jd. 

words of , choshi (吊 

Condone, t.y. yujo (宥恕 ) s. 

Conduce, i.v. to to, nojtasuke 

ni 鶴、 u ; wo/hojo { 補助). s ; ico/josei 
(助成) s ; nojtashi ni nam. 

to to health, ybjb (養生) ? lo 

tame ni nam ; karacia no tame ni 

Conducive, a. to be …… to, v. 

Conduct, n. (behaviour) okonai ; 
gyojo け亍狀 ) ; hinko {^a^y) ; mimochi 
i:^ 持); shogyd (所業); kdl {frm ; 
kyodd (擧 動); (escort) rjoso (護 5^) ; 
goei (護衛) ; (guiding) kyodd (嚮導) ; 
teUki ; annai (案内 (management) 
tori-atsukai ; tori-okonai ; shori (處 
理) ; shikko (執行) ; (manners) gyogi 
(行 镞). 

Conduct, t.Y. (as, water) hiku ; ^ con- 
trol) kwcmri (管理) s; shihai (支配) 
s ; (manage) tori-aisukau ; tori-oko- 
nau ; shdbun 分) s ; shori (處理 •) 气; 
(show the way) no/annai ico s ; micln- 
Uku ; (to the hospital, etc.) okiiru ; 
(to police station, or before magis- 
trate) inchi (引致) s [Civ. Pro.]. 

badly ed (of persons), (jydgi 

(行儀]^ "0 M:arw?' ; fugyogi (不 行燒) 

na ; fuhinko (不品行) na. 
Conductor, n. annaisha (案內 者) ; 
kyodosha (蟹 導 者) ; (of a train, etc.) 
shasho (車掌) ; shacho (車:^) ; (of 
heat) clotai (導 沐) ; (physics) mdem- 
hutsu (引電 物). 

lightning …-. , hiraishin (避 雷 


Cone, n. ensuikei (圓雜 形); (of a 
pine-tree) matsuTcasa ; matsu-bokkuru 

Confabulate, i.v. konwa s ; iichi- 
tokete handsu ; hanashi-au. 

Confabulation, n. ん om'-'a (懇話); 

uchi-toketa hamsia ; hanashi-ai. 
Confectioner, n. kirasMya. 

Confectionery, n. lacasM (葉 子) ; 
tdkwa (糖菓) ; kwashi-nd. 

Confederacy, n. (in a bad sense) 
toio (徒 戴); (league) ddmei (同盟); 
meiyaku (盟約) ; (of states) rempo (職 
邦) ; ddmeikoku (同盟 國) ; meiyaku- 
koku (盟約 國). 

C onf e (le rat e , a. ddmei no ; meiyaku 
no ; rengo (連合) shifaru ; (in a bad 
sense) toio no. 

states, ddmeikolu (同盟 國 )• 

Confederate, i.v. ddmei s ; meiyaku 
s ; ren ひ d s ; (in a bad sense) toto s. 

Confederate, n. katan (加担) no 
mono ; domeisha (同盟 者) ; (in a bad 
sense) toto no mono ; (in crime) dd- 
rul ; rennd (連 額) ; katodo. 

C onfe (1 e ration, n. (act of) equiv. 
of Confederate (i.v.) foil, by koto ; 
(league) v. Confederacy. 

Confer, t.v. (a diploma, etc.) juyo (授 
M) s ; (grant) atae-ru ; sadzuke'ru ; 
tamau ; (of alms) hodokosu. 
ceremony of ring di- 
plomas, shdsho-juyoshiJci (證 書授 

與 式). . .77 

to lavours, megumi tco lioao- 

kosu ; megumi ? fo kake-ru ; jihi (慈 
悲) Ko tare-ru. 

Confer, i.v. sddan (相談) s ; danji-au ; 
kake-au ; uchi-aicase wo s ; hiki-au ; 
hydgi (評議) s ; shogi (商議) s ; dango 
(談合) s ; hydgi (協議) s. 

Conference, n. sVocji (商議) ; dam- 
pan (談判) ; hydgi (評議) ; kwcUdan 
(會談 j ; kalce-ai ; sodan (tg 談) ; dan- 
qb ; hydgi ; (meeting) sddankicai (相 
談會 ); hydgikimi (協議 會); hyogi- 

7 """(評議 會 ).,T , ,、 7 - • 
of the Houses (pari.), kyogi- 

kwai. - 

the Peace , hehra-kwaigi (平 

和會議 ). 

Confess, t. and i.v. hakujd (白狀 う s ; 
(disclose) uchl-ake-ru ; (voluntarily, 
of a crime) jihaku (自^) s ; jishu ( 自 
首) s ; (with remorse) 歸 f/e (繊 梅) s. 

Confessedly, adv. akiraka ni; jinih 
(自認) shite. 

Hosted by Goo ヌ k 


[ 175 ] 

Confession, n. hakujo (l^ 狀); zan- 
(je ; (act of) eqtiiy. of Confess foil, 
by koto ; (voluntarily of a crime) ji- 
liaku ; jislm [Cr. Pro.] ; (written) 
l ucki-gaJd ; k'dsho { 口 書). 

to take down a , l osho u'o 


Coiilessioiial, n. zamjeslio (懺悔 所). 

Confessor, n, zange v:o kiku hifo. 

Confidant, n. shimpuku ('C 、腹) no 
7iito, or mono ; shhi-yu (親:^) ; shim- 
imhu no iomo. , 

Confide, i.v. to in (trust), i じ oj 

shinyo (fg/fl) s ; uolshinnm (^fj-) 
s ; u'olshinji'ru ; v:o/ta' 譲 nu ; ?'; o/ 
fayoii 7ii s ; nijimi (依 賴) s. 

Confide, t.y. (entrust) tanomu ; irai 
(依 賴) s ; taka (ま 乇) s ; makase'm. 

to to (confess), nij'uchi-aken'.. 

to to the care of, ni adzuke- 


Confideiice, n. (absence o£ anxiety) 
anshin (安 * じ、) ; (courage) da it an (大 
膽) ; tanryoku (3^ 力) ; (reliance) shin- 
vo (信/ n) ; mnoim ; shinnin (信任》 

to have in, vo' shiny o s ; ni/ 

shinyo v:o oku. 

self ..... :, ヌ s7ii?i ( 自信). 

to forfeit , shinyo v:o asJdnau. 

to inspire with , anshin 

* じ、) sase-ru ; (reliance on) sliinyb 

sase-ru ; ate ni sase-ru. 

to lose in, ni/sninyd v:o oka- 

nai yd ni nam ; ico/ate ni shinai yd 

ni naru. 

want of (in the ministry), 

fii.shinrdn (不信任). 

Coiilicleilt, a. (bold) omoih iifa ; (M- 
fan (大膽 ) na ; (in the sense of 
" having assured confidence") expr. 
by utagai no nai ; (imptident) atsv.- 
h amashii ; Zi/Zilshii. 

to be (in anxiety), kijobu (氣 

丈夫) cle aru. 

to be that (positive), wo I 

kakvjUsa (5^ 實) to s ; iojtekkiri 
賺 u ; to/kakiishin (確 愤) s: 

to be over , kakushin (確信) 

7'i .fugi-ni ; shlnji-sugi-rv.' 

Confidential, a. (private) himitsv. 
(秘密) no ; himUsu (機密) no ; (trusty) 
s'himpuku い 亡、 腹) 7io ; shinzufjeki ; 
tanomi ni naru ; (marked on a letter) 

despatch, klmitsus-ho (機掙 了、 

書). . 
letter, sJiintensho (親展書). 

Confidentially, adv. naimitsu [pq 
密) ni. 

Coiilideiitly, adv. shwJUe ; shinyo 

Coiilicliiig*, a. to be of a dis- 
position, mono goto wo Ixtrogaro- 
shiku sMnji-ru. 

Conli g'uratioii, n. katacld ; l akkb ; 
nari ; keijd (形状) ; keM (形 貌) [the 
last of the human figure only] ; (of 
land) chikei (地 膨). 

Confine, n. (border) sakai ; h ydkai 

(境界) ; k"iki (區 域). 
Confine, t.T. (imprison) kakomu ; 
Mnko (禁固) s ; koUn (拘禁) s ; (limit 
by moral force) seujen { 制限) s ; 
geniei (限定) s ; kag'iru ; (restrain 
within limits) kakoiiiu ; toji-komu ; 
(within limits, of a soldier, student, 
etc.) kinsoku (禁足) s. 

to be d (of a woman), san (產) 

no foko ni oru ; sdnjoku (產禱 ) ni 

to be d to the house, uchi 

ni hiiciconde on.i. ; (with illness) 
hiki-Jcomotfe oru. 

Confinement, n. (imprisonment) 
kinko (^^) ; kingoku (禁獄) ; Jean- 
Idn (檻 禁); kokin (拘禁); (of a 
woman) san no toko ; sanjoku ; 
(within limits) kinsoku (禁足). 

…… for life, shmhin-chdeki (終; g 

domiciliary (a punishment), 

tsutsushimi ; kinshin (謹 病); hei- 
mon (閉門); chikkyo (蠻 取) [the 
last was ii form of punishment 
inflicted by lords on their vassals 
in the days of the ShoguDate]. 
major …… , jiVdnko (重き 錮). 

minor , keikinko (p 禁錮). 

solitary , isshifsu-kanli- In 

(密室 胃). 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ le 


[ 176 ] 


Confirm, t.v. (make certain) tashika- 
me-ru ; kakntei (確定) s ; (of a bishop) 
nilanshushiki (按手 ま) wo okonau ; 
ni/kenshinrei (堅 信 it) ? co okonau ; 
(ratify) tashik 魏 e'ru ; kakunin (確 g 忍) 
s ; (strengthen) tsuyoku s ; kakujitsu 
(5SE) ni s. ' 

to be ed, (by a bishop) anshu 

wo uJce-ru ; (of a rumour) tashika- 

Confirmation, n. (making certain) 
kakutei ; (ratification) kakunin ; ze- 
nin (是雷 忍) ; (recognition) ninsno (雪 忍 
證) ; (rite) anshushiki ; kenshinrel. 

Conlirmatory, a. kakwjUsu to sun" 

Confiscate, t.v. hossha 收) s ; 
tori-age-ru ; meshi-age-ru ; Jcioamhotsu 
(官沒 ) s. 

Contlscatioil, n. hosshu ; tort- age ; 

Conflagration, n. taikica (大火); 


Conflict, n. (battle) smt5 (戰鬪 ) ; 
(inconsistency) shototsu (衝突) ; tei- 
■^hoku (抵 H) ; (struggle) toso (鬪爭 )• 

of opinions, iken (意見) no 


Conflict, i.v. iadakau ; "rasou ; (be 
in opposition) sfidtotsu s ; ai-han s ; 
fsuki-ataru ; mnjun (矛盾) s. 

to with, ni, or iolteishoku 

(お 觸) s ; shototsu s. 
Confluence, n. (of rivers) ochi-ai ; 

goryu (合流). 
Conform, i.v. sMtagau ; (harmonize) 
kanau ; fiigo (符舍 ) s ; itchi 《一致) s. 

to to, nilshitagau ; (observe, 

a regulation, etc.) wojjunshu (順守 j 
.9 ; ico/jumpo (順奉) s. 

Conformable, a with, to 

kanafte iru ; itchi shite int. 

Conformably, adv with, ni 


with the law, hontsu (法律) 

ni terashite. 
Coniormity, n.fuf/d ; itchi. 

in with, ni yotte ; ni yori ; 

no tori ; ni shita f/aite. 

to be in with, nijtekigo (適 


Coiiforiuatioii , n. katacU ; keijo 
(形 狀). 

of the ground, chlkei (地形). 

Confound, t.v. (amaze) hikkurl sase- 
ru ; odoroJcase'Vu ; tairuigesase ru ; 
nojldmo wo tsubusase-ru ; (confuse 
together) koMo (ミ; ^同) s ; gotclm ni 
s ; (dismay) magotsukase-ru ; (in 
argument) lie'ikb (閉口) sase'ru ; ii- 

to be ed, JAkkuri s ; odoroku ; 

tcmage-ru ; kimo wo tsuhusu ; (con- 
fused) maglre-ru. 

Contbiincred, a,, (abominable) ima- 

Confront, t.v. (set face to face) tsuki- 
aicase-ru ; taisho (對 HfO s ; (stand 
face to face) nijmukai-au ; rdjtai- 
ritsu (對 立) s ; (witnesses with ac- 
cused persons) taishitsu (對 質) sase- 
ru [Cr. Pro., Civ. Pro.] ; taishin (g^) 
s ; muld-awase-ru. 

to one another (of two 

armies), taijm (It^) s. 

Confrontation, n. (of accused per- 
sons) taishitsu ; taishin. 

Confucianism, n. judo (儒道) ; 
jugaku (懦學 ). 

Coiifucianist, n.jusha (儒 卷). 
Confucius, n. Koshi (孔子). 
Confuse, t.v. (one thing with an- 
other) kondo (i^ 同) s ; (render ob- 
scure) magirasu ; (throw into dis- 
order) kaJci-midasu ; funran (紛亂 ) s ; 
kakuran (搜亂 ) s ; Unran (素 |〔) s. 

liable to "be d, kondo shi- 


to be d, (jmnblea) mucha- 

kucha nl nam ; konmtsu (ミ 雑) s ; 
(lose self-possession) aioate-ru ; 

Confusedly, adv. mucha-kucha ni ; 
konzatsu shite ; midarete ; (with agi- 
tation of mind) urotaete ; robai shite ; 
shuslw-Tobai (食 窣狽 狼) shite. 

Confusing*, a. magirawaslm. 

Confusion, n. (mental) cwxiteru 
koto ; urotae ; rohai ; shuslw-rdhal ; 
(of things) konmtsu ; sakuzaUu. (錯 
雜) ; 】、'o 訓 ji (ミ I 亂). 

Hosted by Goo ヌ k 

—體 [ 

Com ntatioii, n. ronqm (論破) sunt 
koto ; hemjMku (辨 gO. 

Confute, t.v. (disprove) yaburu ; 
ioki-yahuriL ; rompa (f 命 破) s ; (silence) 
滅 ko (閉口) sase'ru ; yari-kome-ru ; 
u-kome'ru ; damasase-ru. 

Conge, n. to receive one's , 

menshoku (免職) sare'ru ; kaishoku 
(解職) sare-ru ; kaiko (解雇) sare'ru. 

vJoiig-eal, t.v. korase-ru ; hydketsu (氷 
結) sase'ru ; gydkeisu (凝 緣) sase'nt. 

Congeal, i.v. katmmru ; koru ; hyd- 
ketsu s ; gydketsu s. 

Congelation, n. hydketsu ; — - 
ketsu. ' 

Congenial, a. ki no atta ; kokoro no 
ま ; dbjd (同' f 靑) no ; dbsei (同' 性) no ; 
(adapted) kokoro ni kanatte iru ; ki 
ni muite iru. 

Congenital, a. mocM-mae no ; sho- 
rai (1 生來) no; senten-{teH) (先天的) 
れ ; umare-nagara no ; umaretsuki 

…… disease, sentendoku (先天 毒). 
…… syphilis, taidoku (胎毒). 

Cougenitally, adv. shotokit (生得) 
de ; sententeki ni. 

Gonger-eel, n. hamo. 

Congested, a. to be , (of blood 

vessels) jiVcetsu (充血) shite oru ; 
(of traffic) fusaqaru ; zatto (Msg) 
s ; fshuseki (集積) s. 

Coug^estioii, n. (med.)j' なんで 力 s"; (of 
traffic) や Msekl. 

of the brain, ndjuketsu (腦 


of the kidney s , j I) か ikets u 

(腎 充血). 

二.. . of the liver, Imijilketsu (肝 

丄丄 • of the lungs, kcdjfdi'etsu (肺 

Oongloiiierate, n. ketsugbseki (結 

ノロ /tt ノ. 

Conglomeration, n. taUeld (堆 
W) ; katamari. 

177 ] 


Congratulate, t.v. hcau ; shujcu 
(視) s ; r/a (賀) s ; n'jslmlcuji (祝詞) 
? CO nobe-ru. 

I you on that, sore wa o 

medetai ; sore wa Icyoetsu (恐 t^) de 

i have come to you, o 

yorokdbi ni dernashita. 

to upon, wolshuku (祝) s. 

CoiigTatulatiou, n. slmqi (視 儀) : 
も 職 i ; shukuga (ポ 兄 ; shukugi (視 
儀) ; k'eiga (變 儀) ; shuki,ji (祝詞). 

to offer one's s, slm'laiji ico 


Congratulatory, a. shwji no ; iical 
no ; shukuji no ; shukuga no ; keiga 
no ; shukushi no ; in Chinese com- 
pounds shujcu- ; as. 

telegram, shukuden (fi 電 )• 

address (on state occasions), 

gcthyo (賀表). 

Congregate, i.v. atsu 遞 vu ; yo 
atsumaru ; kwaigd (會 合) s ; shtlJcu 
(集 會) s ; yotte talcaru. 
Congregation, n. (religious) atsu- 
mari ; kwaishil (會 集) ; (Buddhist) 


chbslvu (聽 集) ; 

:聽聞 人). 

Coii^reg^ational, a church, 

Kumiai-kyoicwai (組合 教會 )• 
Congress, n. kimigi (會議 ) ; kdlcical 
(公 曾) ; (Xjnited. States) {gasshfikoku 
(合 衆國) no) kokkwai (鮰畲 ). 
Conical, a. ensulkei (圓錙 形) no. 

Conic-section, n. salensui-hyolu- 
sen (裁圓 錐 曲線). 

Conies, n. saiensu i-kyoli msen rjaku (裁 

圓錙 曲線 學). 
Coiiifera, n. shdhakkica (松; 利 •)• 
Coiliierous, a. shbhakkwa no. 

CODjectiire, n. suiryo (推量) ; sul- 
soku (推測) ; suisatsu (まま 察) ; oku- 
soku (臆測). 

Conjecture, i.v. suiryo s ; sulsoku 
s ; suisatsu s ; oshihakaru. 

Conjoin, t.v. rengd (連合 s ; renlceisu 
(連結) s. 

Conjoint, a. rengo shite aru ; renlceisu 
shite aru ; in Chinese compounds 
rengd- , or kyoad- . 

Hosted by 




[ 178 ] 

Conjointly, adv. al-iomo rd ; kyodo 

shite ; rengo shite ; renketsu shite. 
Conjugal, a. fafu (夫婦) no ; kon-in 

{WW no ; kekkon 0^ 婚) no. 
Conjugate, t.v. (of European lan- 
guages) haiqo (gH 合) s; henkwa (@ 
j 匕) s ; (of Japanese) kwatsuyd (活 
s ; hataraku. 
Conjugation, n. (of European lan- 
guages) haigo ; henkwa ; (of Japa- 
nese) kwatsuyd ; haiaralci. . . 
[Japanese grammarians diyiae 
the verb into four conjugations : 
1. yodan (四 段) no, 2. nidan no, 
and 3, ichiclan (一段) no. . 2 is 
divided into kami-nidan with indef. 
form in i and shimo-nidan with 
indef. form in e. 2 and 3 are 
amalgamated in the spoken Lan- 
guage. V. Aston's Grammar of the 
spoken Language. Par. 36]. 
Conjunction, n. (astron.) kwaigd 
(會 合) ; (gram.) setsuzokushi (接 續詞 ). 
in with, (consulting toge- 

ther) n; moshi-cmasete ; (in union) 
to kyodo shite ; to rengo shite ; to 
renketsu slnie. 
Conjunction, n. (med.) ketsumaku 

Conjuiietivelj', adv. ヽ'. Conjoint- 
ly. • 

C on j un e ture, n. haai ; toki. 
critical , Jciwadoi toki. 

CoDjlire, i.v. (by magic arts) juso (呪 
=0^) s ; inajinai wo s ; (of a conjuror) 
tedzuma wo tsukau. 

Conjure, t.v. (implore earnestly) 
konsei (ま 請) s. 

Conjuring', n. tedzuma ; tejina. 

Conjuror, n. iedzuma-tsukai. 

Connect, t.y. isugu ; isunagu ; ren- 
ketsu ; (缚 結) s ; musubi-awase-ru ; 
(as, two railway carriages) rensa (連 
鏺) s. 

ing" line, 7^enrakusen (淳 絡! ^ょ 

ing train, renraku-kisha (逢 

絡氣 車) ; renketsu-kisha. 

to he ed with (fig.), nilkaka- 

icaru ; nijkwankei (關き 旬 s ; ni/ 
kwankei qa aru ; nijkwanren {% 
連) s. ' 

Connect, i.v. tswju ; musuhu ; isura- 
mru ; (as trains, etc.) renraku s ; 
renketsu s. 

Connected, a. isuncKjatte iru ; ren- 
zoku shite oru ; renraku shite aru. . 

a account (story), isudzuki- 


Connection, n. (act of) equiv. of 
Connect foil, by koto ; (comnninica- 
tion) kotsii (交通) ; (dependei^ce) 
kwankei ; kakawari-ai ; (,iunction) 
renraku ; renketsu ; (point of junc- 
tion) isugi-me ; (relationship) enko 
(緣 故) ; (relative) enja (緣 者) ; shin- 
zoku (親族) ; shmrui (顧) ; (social 
intercourse) tsuici-at ; kosai (交際). 

in this , t suite i じ a. 

to establish. with (com- 

munications), tolrenraku wo ts 争 

to have a with (in a bad 

sense), niltsfiji-ru. 

to sever s (relations), te ひ 

kirv... ' 
Conning'- tower, n. sMreltd (司令 

Connivance, n. mohkyo (默 許) ; 

mi-nogasu koto. 
Connive, i.v. mite mlnufuri s ; shiiie 

shiranufuri s. 

to at, moklcyo s ; mi-nogasu. 

Connoisseur, n. kanteika (鑑定家) ; 
me-kiki ; kuroto ; kanteinm (ま定 人) ; 
kanteisha (鑑定 着). _ 
. . of fine arts, hijutsu-himpyo- 
s/ta (美術品 評者). _ 

he is a great , ano hiio wa 

imlcanaka me-kiki da. 

to be a , iod\ me get Jciku. 

Connubial, a. kekkon (結婚) no; 

kon-in (婚 も因) no ; fufu no. . 

Conquer, t.y. (fig.) ni/uchi-katsu ; 
(subdue and annex) heidon (併 吞) s ; 
seiryalcu (延蕃 ) s ; ryakudatsu (Jg 奪) 
s ; (vanquish) mikatsu ; selfuku (征 
伏) s; seibatsu i 征伐) s; naUkase- 
ru ; ucJd-toru, 
Conquer, i.Y. ucfd-katsu ; kaisu ; 

s/iori i 勝利) w:o e-ru. 
Conqueror, n. selfukuslM (征伏 者; i ; 
selryakv.sha (征 |^). 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


fjouquest, n. seibatsu ; selfuku ; 
(and annexation) ryakudatsu (齒 奪) ; 
heidon (併 吞) ; (yictory) v.chi-kacKi. 

Consangaiiiieous, a. dosei (同性) 
no ; ketto (血統) no ; ketsuzoku (血 方$0 
no ; keisumyaku (it 脈) no : ketsuen 
(血^) no ; chisuji no. 

Consanguinity, n. ddsel ; kettd ; 
ketsuzoku ; kefsumyaku ; ketsuen. 

vJonscieilce, n. rydshin{%,t^) ; hon- 
shin (本, じ、) ; dSrte れ' (道念) ; magolcoro. 

having a bad , kidzi 画 fsu- 

asln ae. 

liberty of , shinko no jiyU 

(信仰 自 【お). 

Conscientious, a. tadashU ; shdjiki 
na ; selchoku (jfe 直) na •, hosei (方 
正) na ; massufju na ; rydshin ico 
mamoru. . 

Conscientiously, adv. iadasMku ; 
shojiki ni ; selchoku ni ; hdsel ni ; 
rydshin ni sMtacjaite. 

Conscientiousness, n. shojiki na 
fcoto ; fiosei ; honshin, or ryoslim, ni 
shitagau koto ; dogishin (道義》 亡、) ; dd- 
tokushin (道德 心). • 

Conscious, a. to be , (aware of) 

chikaku (知 覺) s ; ohoe-ru ; shocU 
(承知) stiite oru ; Jci (氣) ga tsuiie 
oru ; (of sensation) shoki (正 氣) de 
om ; jilcaku (自覺 ) shite oru. 

Consciously, ndY. jlkaku shite ; sho- 
cm shite ; lei ga tsuite. 

Consciousness ,! 1. (knowledge) oboe; 
satori ; (sensation) cJdkaku (知 fe). 
to return to •...:•, shbki (正 氣) ni 
naru ; ioa\ me ga same-ru. 

Conscript, n. chohei (gc 兵). 

Conscription, n. chohei ; chdheisei 
- (徵 兵制). 

…… district, c ん 5 み eiA;". (徵兵 區). 
temporary exemption from 
-…. , chd/iei-yilyo (徵 兵猶豫 ). 
C on S C r iptional, a. a man of. -…. 

age, chohei-fekireisha (徵兵 適齢 者). 
Consecrate, t.v. shinsd (神聖) s ; 
nilseibeisyshiki U'O okonau. 


Consecration, n. (of a bishop) 
kanioku-anshushik i (按手 式) ; (of a 
building) seihetsu (ま 别) ; (the cere- 
mony) seibeisushiki (聖刖 式). 
prayer, seiseibv.n (ig 成文). 

Consecutive, a. renzohu (連 續) shite 
oru ; tsudzuite oru ; remmen (連綿) to 
shit a ; in Chinese compounds ren- 

on …… days, renjitsu (連 Fl). 

Consecutively, adv. renzoku shite ; 
ju7i ni ; tsuranatte ; junjo (lljg 序) v:o 
dte ; tsudzuke-dama ni ; tsudzukete. 

Consent, n. shodaku (承諾) ; shochl 
(承知); 同意); f ま ん: w (得心). 

Consent, i.v. shddah u s; daku s ; 
shdchi s ; toJcushm s. 

Consequence, n. (result) kelckwa 
(結:^) ; tsumari ; hate. 

a matter of , daiji (大事) na 

jiken (事件), or koio. 

a matter of no , saji (漠窻 ) ; 

sasai (些, 耒 田) na jiken ; tsumaranai 

as a of, 710 kelckwa to shite. 

in , yotte ; kono yue ni, 

in ....;. of, no yue ni. 

It IS of little , taishita koto 

de mo m l. 

Consequent, a. sMtar/affe Jcifaru ; 
yotte okor'u ; yotte dekiru. 

Consequential, a. shikakuhatta ; 

to talk in a manner, shisai- 

rashil koto ico iu. 

Consequentially, adv. shilmku- 
haite ; yodaibutte. 

Consequently, adv. yotte ; kore ni 
yotte ; yue ni ; tsuite ; kore wo motie. 

Conservancy, n. forest , shin- 

rin-hogo (森林 保護). 

Conservative, n. kofuka (古風 家) ; 
7nukasU-f u no Into ; [i, ま?? た ひ (由 福 家) 

is applied to s as a term of 


…… -party, hoshutd (保守 黨) [the 
hoshuto as a party no longer exists 
in Japan but the present teikokuw 
(帝 國黨) in some ways corresponds 
to it]. 

Hosted by Google 

[ 179 ] 

[ 180 ] 


Conservative, a. kof ft no ; muka- 
shi-fa no; shulcyii (守 舊) o ; hosJiu 
(保守) wo ; /ios/ は" e/d 《保守的) 》o. 

Conservatism, n. hoshu-sJa«jl (保 

守 主義). . 
Conservatoire, n of music, 

ongalm-gakkd (音 樂學 校). 
Conservatory, n. muro. 
Consider, t.Y. (look at favourably) 
kamhen ({^ 辨) s ; (look upon as) ioj 
minasu ; (take into account) slmku- 
ryd (酌量 } s ; shins/mku (き 酌) s ; 
(think) to/shiryo (思料) s. 

to as, tofkokoroe-ru. 

to necessary, hitsnyo to s. 

Considering, part, kangaefe rmte ; 
kangaete ; ni shite. 

he is a foreigner, he is 

good at Japanese, gwaikoku-jin 
ni shite wa Nihongo icajodzu da. 
Consider, i.v. (reflect) kanr/ae ru ; 
shiryo s (,g 、慮) ; kankb s ; shian 
案) s. 

to carefully, jukuryo s ; 

toku io kangae-ru. 

Considerable, a. (moderately large) 
zuibun (隨 分) did na ; zuibun na ; 
sukumku nai ; kanaxi na ; (of per- 
sons) migara na ; mibun 分) no 

. shikkari shita ; mibun no aru. 

Considerably, adv. yohodo ; zuilnm ; 
da 'ibu ; 01 ni. 

Considerate, a. sasskl no yoi ; 
kamhen (勘 辨) no aru ; omoiyarl no 

Considerately, adv. sasshl-gokoro 
ga atte ; kamhen (勘 辨) s/uie ; omoi- 

Consideration, n. (deliberation) 
shiryo ; kangae ; (law) hoshu (報酬) ; 
(thoughtful sympathy) kamhen (勘 
辨) ; sasshi. 

.,.,..s (reasons), rlyii (理由); jiko 


in of, nojhosnu to stnie. 

mature , jukko (熟考) ; juku- 
ryo (熟慮) ; c,mshi. . よ . 

out of for you, anata m 


to leave out of …… , dogicai (度 
夕 卜) ? oku. 

to take into , shal uryo (酌 

量 ) 6' ; shinshaku s. 

want of , (deliberation) kei- 

sotsu (輕卒 ) ; (sympathy) sasshi no 
nai koto. 

without due …… , manzm (漫然). 

Consign, t.v. (com.) okuru. 

Consignee, n. ni-uke-nin [Com. Co.] ; 
uketorl-nin ; todoke-saki. 

Consignor, n. okurl-te ; tsumidashi- 

Consignment, n. (act of) okuru 
koto ; (of goods) okurl-ni. 

new of goods, shin-ni (新 3 寄). 

Consist, i.v. to …… in, nilaru ; ni/ 
son (存) s. 

to of, yorll nari-tatsii ; ni/ 


Consistency, n. (of opinion) kokyu 
恒久) ; zmgo-kwcmtsil (前後 貫通) ; (of 
parts) Jcoketsu (固 結). 
Consistent, a. (of acts) ni-awasmi ; 
zengo-hwantsu sunt ; itehi shite oru ; 
(of persons) kokyii wa ; mujun shinai ; 
zengo-kwantsu sum ; qenko-iichi (言 
行 一致) no. 

a person, (in policy) iitei (一 

寧) no hoshin (方針) ico toru hito ; 
(in iDrinciple) shugi . ico mamoru 

Consistently, adv. hokyu ni ; mujun 
nalcu ; zengo-kwantsu shite ; genko- 
itchi shite ; ni-awashiku. 
Consolation, n. nagusame ; is eld 
(慰 籍) ; an-i (安 慰) ; Imi (撫 慰). 

race, hujutsu-kyoso (撫恤 競 


Console, t.v. nagiisame-ni ; iseki s ; 

an - 1 s ; bill 8. 
Consolidate, t.v. (combine) gappei 

(合併) s ; (make firm) katame-ru ; 

katak'U s ; kybko (5 虽固) ni s ; (imify) 

ittb (一統 j s ; tditsu s. 

ed bonds, y. Consols. 

Consolidation, n. kengo (堅固) ; 
katameru koto ; Uto ; iditsu ; (com- 
bining) gappei (合併). 

Consolinsr, a. mgusamern ; iseki 
siiru ; an-i sxiru ; hid sum. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 181 ] 


Consols, n. seiri-kdsai (整理 公 廣); 

Consonance, n. (of sounds) wa-in 
(和音 )- 

of opinion, ijcen no itchi (意 

JL ノー 致) ; iken nofugo (符合). 

Consonant, n. shi in (子音) : fu-in 
(父 音). 

Coii.sonaiit, a. to be , kanau. 

Consort, n. (of a KiDg) kogd (皇后) ; 
{wife or husband) Jiaigusha (酉!! 遇 者) 
[Civ. Co., Cr. Pro.]. 

Consort, i.T. (with, to) majiwaru ; 
tsuki-au ; kosai (交際) s. 

Conspicuous, a. (eminent, of a 
person) hakkun [WM) れ o ; chomei 
(著明) no ; keneho (顯 著) no ; (notable) 
ichijirushii ; omodatta. 

a figure in politics, seikai 

(政界) no d-aiama ; d-date-mono. 

to be 、 me ni tatsu ; medatsu ; 

hito no me ni tsuku. 

to cut a …… figure (fig.), gizen 

(魏然 ) to shite tokaku (頭 も) wo 


Conspicuously, adv. medatte ; me- 
datsu hodo ; ichijirushiku ; hakkun 

Conspicuousness, n. (eminence of 
a person) hakkun ; takuzetsu (卓絶) ; - 
c/iomei ; kenc/io ; also equivalents of 
To fee conspicuous foil, by /coto. 

Conspiracy, n. mu/wn (謀叛) ; imb5 
(隱 謀); toto (徒 黨); (legal) kyobo 
(共謀) ; ゆ han (共犯). 

Conspirator, n. muhon-nin (謀叛 
入); inMs'ha (隠 謀 者); ioto^in (会 

Conspire, i.v. muhon wo okosu ; toto 
, s; toid wo musuhu ; doho (同 謀) s. 

to …… tog-ether, kyoho (共謀) s ; 

dobuku (同腹) ni naru. 

to "With, nilnare-au ; toj 

kydoo s. 

Constable, n. (consular) keisatsu- 
kwan (警察官) ; (police) かれ s ひ (巡査) ; 
keisatsukioan ; keikican f 聲官 ). 

plain-clothes Icakusode- 

junsa ; helfuku junsa f 平 巡 f )• 

Constancy, n. (of affection) kdsh'.n 
(T 旦 J じ、) ; kolcoro no kawamnai koto ; 
(of women only) ieiso (良 操) ; tei- 
setsu (貞節). 

Constant, a. (continuous) fudan (不 
斷) na ; taema no nai ; (firm) shik- 
隱' I shlta ; kakko taru ; koshin no 
aru ; (not fickle) kawamnai ; fuekl 
(不 •irj na ; (of a woman) teiso na ; 
teisetsu na. 
a friend, funkei (刎頸) no 

1 07110. 

Constantly, adv. tsune ni ; fudan : 
heizei (平生); skiju (始終); clidseki 
(朝夕);/" m; (often) shikiri ni ; 

to rain , furi-Uudzuku ; shikiri 

to furu ; furi-shikiru. 

Constellation, n. seishuku (星 智) 
[a.n. shuku] ; seiza (崖 塗). 

Consternation, n. odoroJd ; kei- 
gaku (M^) ; osore ; bikkuri. 
to be in , gydien (仰天) s. 

Constipated, to be , kesshi- 

ru ; im]tsilji ga nai ; hiketsu (秘. 結) 
s ; hewpi (挺お) ICO okosu. 

Constipation, n. hempi (便秘); 
tsvji no nai koto ; hiketsu. 

Constituency, n. (political) senkyo- 
ku 纏 區). •' 

Constituent, a. (essential) honshitsu 

i'^W) no ; genso {ytM) no. 
Constituent, n. (chem.) genso (元 
素) ; (essential part) se'ibun (成分). 

s (parliamentary), senkyo-ku- 

min (撰 擧區 民). 

Constitute, t.v. (appoint) ninji-ru ; 
senfei (撰 定) s ; (be eqiiiv. to) ni/ 
aiaru ; (compose, form) Jcumi-tate-ru ; 
tate-ru ; setsuritsu (設立) s ; kosei 
(WM) s ; (enact) sadcme-ru ; tate-ru ; 
moke-ru ; seitei (带 Ij 定) s. 

Constitution, n. (form of govern- 
ment) seitai (政 體) ; (of the body) 
slid (性); taishUsu (If:^) ; kamda ; 
(structure) kumi-tate ; soshikL 

、 cold , hiesho. 

does not suit my , wataku- 

shi no sho ni aioanai. 

Hosted byLiOOQle 

[ 182 ] 


law of the of tlie Courts 

of justice, saibansho-kdseihb (裁 列 

所 構成 法). , 

that man has a weak , 

ano hito wa karada ga yowai, 

warm , nesshishd. 

written , kempo (憲法). 

Coiistitutioiial, a. (of the body) 
umare-tsuki no ; seirai (生 來) no ; 
tachi no ; koyu (固有) no ; (political) 
kenseiieki (憲政 的) no ; kempoteki 
(憲法 的) れ ; rikkenteki (立憲 的 5 no. 

a mnnmty, iden (遣!^) no 

yamai ; idcnbi/o (遣傳 病). • • 

g-overnment, rikken-seiiai 

(立 竈政體 )• 

Constitutionally, adv. urmretsuH 
ni yotte ; seirai ni yotte ; (political) 
rikkenteki ni ; kempojo (憲法 上) de. 

he is weak, shorai yowai 

hito da. 

I am strong", watakushi wa 

umaretsuki jobu da. 

Constrain, t.v. (force) shii-ru ; kyo- 
sei (强 制) s ; (repress) osae-tsuke-ru, 

to be ed to do, yondokoro 

naku s ; yamu wo edzu s ; yogi naku 
• s ; zehi naku s. 

Constraint, n. kyosei ; (restraint) 
kigane ; enryo (遠慮); (that which 
constrains) seigen (制 ; sokubaku 

Constrict, t.v. asshuku (壓 縮) s; 
to be ed, shushuku (妝 縮) s. 

Constriction, n. asshuku ; (state 
of) shushuku. 

Construct, t.v. (build) kenchiku 
(建築) s; kozo (拇 造) s; (earth 
works) kidzuku ; chikuzo (築お s ; 
(devise) kufU (工夫) s ; (make) tsuku- 
ru ; koshirae-ru ; (put tt^ettier) kumi- 

Construction, n. keiei ; (act of 
building, etc.) equiv. of Construct 
foil, by koto ; (inference) handan 
(判 斷) ; suidan (推 斷) ; (interpreta- 
tion) kaislutku {^^) ; (manner of 
building) tsukun-mia ; kozo ; kak- 
kd; (of a bridge) kasetsu (架設); 

(of a building) tate-kata ; kozo ; (of a 
company, body, etc.) soshUd (組織) ; 
(of a document) huiitai (文 鉢) ; 

railway company (mil.), 

ietsudd-fusetsu-tai (鐵道 敷設 隊). 

Constructive, a. (positive) sek- 
kyokuteki (積極的) no ; kensetsuteki 
(建設的) no. 

Constructively, adv. kekkwateki 
(結果 的) ni. 

Construe, t.v. toku ; kaishaku (^^) 
s ; (translate) yaku s ; naosu. 

Consul, n. rydji (領事). 

acting" , dairi-ryoji (代理 

acting general, dairi-sd- 

(代理 總、 頜 事). ^ 
actine^ vice , dain-fukU' 

W- , _ ―.. 

general, soryoji. 

pro , rydji-dai (頜事 代). 

senior , joseki-ryoji (上席 

頜 事). 

vice , fuku-ryoji (副領事). 

Consular, a. ryoji no. 

corps, kaJckokvr^yoji (各國 


officer, rydjikwan (領事 

. Consular agent, n. daihen-ryoji 
(代辨 領事). 

Consulate, n. rydjikwan (頜事 館); 
ryojicho (領事 廳). 

general, soryojikwan (總領 

事 舘). 

vice , fukuryojikwan (副頜 

事 館). 

Consult, i.v. to with, to/soaan 

(相談) s; tojdango (談合) s; toj 
hydgi (評議) s ; to/sJwgi (商議) s ; 
tolkydgi (協議) s. 

Consult, t.v. (a book) wolshirahe-ru ; 
(a doctor) nijkaharu ; ni/mi/e morau ; 
nolshinsatsu (診察) wo uke-ru ; (a 
person) equiv. of Consult (i.v.) ni 
being substituted for to. 

to the convenience of, 

nofienri wo hakaru. 

Hosted by 



[ 183 ] 


Consultation, n. sddan ; dango ; 
Mjogi ; hybgi ; kake-ai ; (act of) 
equiv. of Consult foil, by koto. 

hours (doctor's), shinsatsu- 

Jikan (診察 時間). 

Consume, t.v. (destroy by fire) yaki- 
tfiukusu ; shbkyaku (tf 却) s; stibmo 
、耗) s ; (goods) tsubusu ; shbhi 
(f 宵 費) s ; (time) isuiyasu ; shdhi 
(消、 費) s ; tsiibusu ; (use up) tsukai- 
tsukusu ; shbhi i 消費) s ; shoino 
(消耗) s, 

to be d (of goods), hake-ru. 

Consume, i.v. tsuki-ru ; naku nam. 

Consumer, n. (of goods) shbUsha 
. (費消 者 } ; juybsha (需用 者) ; tsukaite. 

Consummate, a. 濯-お (無上) no ; 
fcono ue mo nai ; saijd (最上) no ; 
also expr. by no kiwamari after the 

Consummate, t.v. sU-age-ru ; joju 
s ; kanzen s ; zemhi s. 

Consummately, adv. mi'jd (無上) 
ni ; kono ue mo naku ; saijd ni. 

Consummation, n. kanzen (完全) ; 
讓 (全備) ; jdju (成就). 

Consumption, n. (amonnt con- 
sumed) shoM-daka ; shohi-gaku ; 
(disease) haibi/d (肺病) ; r5sh ら (勞 症) ; 
hairo (肺 勞) ; (ot goods) shdhi ば 嫌) ; 
shomo (消耗) ; hake-kata ; hake- 

Consumptive, a. (affected with 
consumption) haibyd, or rosho (勞 症), 
or liairo, ni kakatta ; (having a ten- 
dency to consumption) Imihyb-shitsu 
(質), or no ke, ga aru. 

person, Jmihyo-kwanja し巒、 者). 

Contact, n. (touch) sesshoku (接 觸) ; 

point of , setten (接 點). 

to be in , sessuru ; setchaku 

s ; miichaku s. 

to come in with, (touch) 

nilfure-ru ; (-violently) ni/tsuki- 

to place in , setdmku (接着) 

sase-ni ; mitchaku (密着) sase-ru. 

contagion, n. densen (傳染 )• 

direct , chokusetsu-densen (直 

接傳染 )• 

Contagious, a disease, den- 

senhyd (傳染 病) ; utsuri-ijamai ; 
chokusetsu-densenhyd ( 直接 染 病). 

to be , utsuru ; densen (IE 


Oontain, t.v. (as an ingredient) wo) 
ga7i-yu (含有) s; (hold) expr. by 
hairu " to enter " [E. obj. + J. subj.]. 

a box ing 1 dozen, ichi- 

dazu-ire no hako. 

cannot one's sielf, tamara- 

nai ; wa]shimoo ga dekinai ; wa\ 
gaman ga dekinai ; taera/remi. 

to be d in, nojnaka ni 


to one's self, shinibo (辛抱) 

s ; gaman (我慢) s ; tae-ru. 

contaminate, t.v. kegasu ; yogosu ; 
osen (污染 ) s. 

to be d, kegare-ru ; yogore'ru ; 

osen s ; (fig.; aku ni samaru. 

Contamination, n. kegare ; yogo- 
re; okwai ('汚 機); osen '(汚染); (act 
of) equiv. of Contaminate foil, by 

Contemn, t.v. (despise) anadoru ; 
hesshi (蔑視) s ; kelbetsu (輕 蔑) s ; 
rydjoku (まき) s. 

Contemplate, t.v. (a person) naga- 
me'ru ; (a view) nagmm-ru ; chbbd 
(眺望) s ; (intend) kuicadnte-ru ; yojci 
(豫 期) s ; yoso (豫 想) s; ki m s ; 
kito (企 園) s ; (looK at closely) jukushi 
(熟視) s ; (meditate on, study) jukuso 
(熱 想) s ; molded (默考 ) s ; chinshi 
(沈思) s ; j ま kd (熟考) s. 

I going-, i/cd to cm 廳. 

tills was not d by the law, 

horitsu wa kore wo (jaacliil (眼中) 

ni okanakatta. 

Contemplation, n. (act of) equiv. 
of Contemplate foil, by koto ; 
(meditation) jukushi ; mokko ; cIiLl- 
shi ; jukkb. 

to nave in , kuwadaie-ni ; 


Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 1S4 3 


Contemplative, a. (of persons) 
shinryo (深慮 ) 9m. - ^ 

faculties, shisoryoku (思想 

力); shik5ryoJcu ほ考 力、. 

I was in a mood to-day, 

Jcyo wa kangae-goto hakari shite 

Contemplatively, adv. chinshir 
mokko shite ; chinshi shite. 

Contemporaneous, a. v. Con- 
temporary (a). 

Contemporaneousness, n. 
eqiiiy. of Contemporary foil, by 


Contemporary, a. dd-jidai (同時代) 
no; doji (1^ 時) 710 ; onaji jidai no ; 
hiiotsujidai no. 

Contemporary, n. dd-jidai no Into. 

Contempt, n. anadori ; hesshi (蔑 
視); keihetsu mm); "き (輕 侮); 
ryojoku (凌辱). 

of Court (or of officials), 

kwanri/bujoku 侮辱) 

to treat with , keibetsu s ; 

hujoJcu (侮辱) s ; naigashiro ni s. 

Contemptible, a. iyashU ; gesen 
(下賤) MO ; hiretsu (卑動 no ; iya na. 

Contemptibleness, n. equiv. of 
Contemptible foil, by koto. 

Contemptibly, adv. iyashiku ; hire- 
tsu ni. 

Contemptuous, a. hujoku (侮辱) 
shita ; iyashimeta. 
to be , kenasu ; iyashime-ru. 

Contemptuously, adv. iyashimete ; 
kenashite [the latter is not as forcible 
as the former]. 

Contend, i.v. to about (dis- 
pute), ni tsuitejkoron (口ぎ 翁) s ; ni 
isuUelgiron (議論) s 

to for, uojkisou ; loo/arasou ; 

loo/kyoso (競 爭) s. 

to that, tojshucho (主張) s ; 

to/ronji-ru ; to/ii-haru. 

to with, (in debate) tojsoron 

(爭 論) s ; to/tdron (討論) s ; (strive 
against) to/arasou ; to/tatakau, 

CoiiteiKliiig, a. kyoso (競 爭) suru. 

Content, n. manzoku (滿 足); ehi- 
soJm (知 足); (freedom from anxiety) 
anshin (安' じ、), 

Content, t.v. (quiet) anshin (安心) 
sase ru ; {satisfy) manzoku sase-m. 

I am quite ed, sore wa 

hommo (本望.) da. 

Contented, a. yoku no nai; hun 
ni yasuiijiru ; tavu koto wo shiru. 

to "be , manzoku s ; anshin s ; 

(witli one's share) huh (分) ni 

Contentedly, adv. manwku shite ; 
anshin shiie. 

Contentedness, n. ma 寵 ku shile 

oru koto ; anshin shite oru koto. 
Contention, n. (altercation) soron 
(爭 p); (argument) toron (討論) 
(point maintained in an argument) 
ronten (論 點) ; (strife) kyoso (競 爭) ; 
お s5( 鬪爭ヒ 1 , + ^、 

bone of , chugen (中原) no 


Contentious, a. (quarrelsome) ken- 
お ioa-( 喧嘩) -rfewfci na ; sdron-dzujci na, 
a subject, yakamashii giron 


Contentment, マ. Content. 

Contents, n. (of a book) shui (趣意) ; 
(of a box) naka no mono ; zaichu- 
lufsu (在中 物) ; (of a letter) kaite aru 
koto; fuchii ; (subject-matter) 

table of , mokuroku ( 目 錄). 

Conterminous, a. ai-sessuru ; 
sakai wo onaju suru. 

Contest, t.v. (dispute) arasou ; hen- 
ron 論) s ; (of a seat in Parlia- 
ment) kyoso (競 爭) s"; (struggle to 
maintain) f ryokushu (力 守) s; 
t shishu (死守) s. 

Contest, n. (battle) ioso; senso 
(戦 爭) ; kdsm (交 戰); (debate) soron 
(爭 論); ioron (討論); (strife) toso 
(鬪爭 ); kyoso (鋭 爭); (result or, 
whether victory or defeat) sfwl/a 
(勝 灵) ; sJwJmi (勝敗). 

a bloody , kessen, 

in the thick of the ....... kessen 

saichu (血戰 最中) れ i. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 

[ 185 ] 


Context, n. kotoha no tsudzuki ; 
zengo (前後) no hunsho (文章) ; hum- 
myaku (文脈). 

Contiguous, a. sekkin sum ; ai- 

to be , ai-sessuru ; sekkin 

(接近) s ; ai-tsurana)u ; tsudzuku. 

Contiguously, adv. ai-sesshite ; 
sekkin shite ; tsuranatte ; tsudzuite. 

Contiguousness, n. equiv. of 
Contiguous foil, by koto. 

Continence, n. (moderation) sessei 
(節制) ; (sexual) setsuyoku (節 慾). 

Continent, a. sessei no ; setsuyoku 

Continent, n. tairiku (大陸); in 
Chinese compounds -shu (州) ; (as 
distinguislied from an island) riku 

the five s, godaishu (5 大洲 ). 

the of Europe, Yoroppa- 


Continental, a. tairiku (大陸) no. 

Continently, adv. sessei (節制) 
shite ; setsuyoku (節 慾) shite. 

Coiitiugency, n. rinji (臨時) no 
koto ; furyo (不慮) れ koto ; igwai no 
. koto. 

in case of a , igwal (,意 タト) no 

koto no atta told wa. 

Contingencies, n. (expenses) rinji- 
hi (臨時 貸). 

Contingent, a. rinji (臨時) no ; 
guzen (偶然) no; igwai (意 多 卜) no; 
/ぽ 2/0 ( 小' 慮) れ 0. 

Contingent, n. (mil.) Imnkentai 

Coutiii gently, adv. rinji ni ; giizen 
ni ; f'L'ji ni ; igwai ni ; furyo ni. 

Continual, a. taenal ; kandan (fs ,斷) 
no rmi ; ioema no nai ; (lasting) 
eizok'.u (永 續) eikyu (水 久) no. 

Continually, adv, shikiH ni ; kan- 
- da れ (閬斷 ) naku ; ycmudzu ; iaedzu • 
taenia naku. 

Continuance, n. sonzoku (存續 ). 
long , eizoku (永攛 )• 

Continuation, n. keizoku (繼續 ); 
renzoku (連 續); remmen (連ま ; 
tsudzuki ; (as heading of an article 
contimied from a previous issue) 
shdzen (承前) ; (of a book) tsudzuki. 

school, hoshu-qakkb (輔習 

學 校). 

Continuative, n. (gram.) renzoku- 
tai (連 續體 ). 

Continue, i.v. tsudzuku ; keizoku s ; 
renzoku s ; (still exist) son {^) s ; 
[when foil, by a verb in the inf. in 
English, the indef. form of the verb 
in Japanese is pref. to tsudzuku], 

s to be , hiki-tsudzuite 

de aru. 

still s, mada yamanai. 

to to rain, 'furi-tsudzuku. 

Continue, t.v. tsudzuke-ru ; keizoku 
(繼續 ) sase-ru ; renzoku sase^ru. 

Continuing*, a expenditure, 

keizokuhi (繼續 費). 

Continuity, n. renzoku (連 續) ; kei- 
zoku (繼續 ) ; tsudzuki. 

Continuous, a. tsudzuita ; renzoku 
shita ; keizoku shita ; also expr. by 
the suffix aoshi ; as, 

pain, kurushimi -dbshi. 

walking, aruki-dbshi. 

Continuously, adv. sUjn はき 終); 
tsudzuJcete ; tsudzuite ; iaedzu ; keizoku 
shite ; remmen (連 |岳) to shite ; hiki 
mo kiradzu. 

to rain , furi-tsudzuku. 

Contort, t.v. (the body) hineru ; 
nejiru ; mage-ru ; (the face) shikame- 

ed face, shikami-tsura. 

Contorted, a. to be , (of pot- 
tery, glass, etc.) yugande i-ru ; (of 
things) nejireie i-ru. 

Contortiou, n. yugami ; also other 
equiv. of Contort foil, by koto. 

Contour, n. kakko (格好) ;. (circum- 
ference) soto-rmiwari ; shiii (周 園); 
(of a face, figure) yobo (容貌) ; kao- 

Hosted b ん 00 ヌ 

[ 186 ] 


Contraband, &. kinshi (禁 it) no ; 
kinsei (禁制) ? lo ; go hatio (御法度) 

goods, kinsei-hin (禁制】 品); 

kinsei-kwabutsu (禁制 貨物) ; nuke- 
mono ; nuJce-ni. 

Contraband, n. of war, sen- 

ji-kinseihm (戰時 禁制品). 

Contract, n. yakajd (約定); yaku- 
soku (糸 勺 束) ; kdyaku (契!^) [Civ. 
Co., Com. Co.] ; uke-oi (請 貢) ; (of a 
company or partner snip) teikwan 

■breach of , iyaku [Civ. Co ふ 

buildings , kenchlku-ukeoi. 

damages for breacli of , 

iyakukin (違約金) [Civ. Co.]. 

written , yakujosho ゅ定 書) ; 

yakujogaki ; keiyakusho (契約書). 

contract, t.y. (a disease) wo/yamu ; 
wo/okosu ; ni/kakaru ; (diniinish) 
chijime-ru ; genji-ru ; (enter into) 
musuhu ; (shorten) chijime-ru ; tan- 
shuku (^1^) s. 

to deots, shakkin (借金) wo 

s, or koshirae-ru. 

to vicious habits, wd] 

warui kuse ga tsuku. 

Contract, i.v. (diminisli) chijimu ; 
genji-ru ; (make an agreement) yaku- 
jd s ; yaku s ; yakusoku s ; keiyaku 
s ; uke-au ; (shorten) tanshuku s. 

Oolitractibility, n. shushukushUsu 
随 K). 

Contractile, a. shushukushUsu no. 

Contraction, n. (reduction) genshb ; 
(shrinking) chijimeru koto ; shushuku 
(收 縮). 

Contractor, n. ukeoinin ; ukeoi- 

army , rikugun-yotashi (陸軍 


government , gouo-shdnin 

(御用商人); yotasM. 

Contradict, t.v. (refute a statement) 
koben (抗 辯) s ; koron (抗 論) s; 
haku (駭) s ; (cancel a statement) ii- 
kesu ; uchi-kesu ; (person) ni/hantai 
(反 對) s ; nilsakamu. 

Con tradic tion, n. hempaku (辯 gt) ; 
koben : koron ; ii-keshi ; ucM-keffhi ; 
(act of) equiv. of Contradict foil, 
by koto ; (inconsistency) sogo (龃 藤). 

Contradictorily, adv. (inconsist- 
ently) mvjun ni ; (in opposition) 

Contradictoriness, n. sakarai- 

yasui koto. 

Contradictory, a. (inconsistent) 
rriKjun (矛盾) na ; tatanai ; tsuji- 
tsurm no awanai ; (of a person) 

Contradistinction, n. in 

to, nijlianshlte. 

Contrariwise, adv. ai-hanshite ; 
dbekohe ni ; uUe-kawatte ; hantai 

Contrary, a. (adverse) hantai no. 

winds, mukai-kaze ; gyaku- 

/な (逆風). 

to be to, ni/han (反) s ; (in 

contrayention of) nijihai (違背) s ; 
nilsomuku ; nil'ihan (違反) s; (to 
the principle o£ a law) nilhaichi 
(背馳) s. 

Contrary, n. ura ; urahara ; hantai, 

on the , kaette ; kore ni han- 

shite ; utte-Jcawatte. 

Contrast, t.v. kurabete mi-ru ; 
Jcurabe'ru ; taisho (對 照) s ; hikaku 
(比較) s. 

Cpiitrast, i.v. Jdwadatsu ; kiwadatte 
chUjau ; taiji (對峙 ) s. 

Contrast, n. chigai ; hantai. 

Contravene, t.v. nijsakarau ; nil 
somuku ; nijtagau ; nijihai 背) s ; 
wojokasu ; wojyaburu ; nil'ihan (違反 j 
s [Civ. Co., Com, Co.]. 

Co utravention, n. ihai ; than ; 
also equiv. of Contravene foil, by 


of a regulation, hansoku 


of the police regulations, 

ikeimi (違警罪) [Civ. Co., Cr. Pro ]• 
Contretemps, n. ainiku na koto ; 
omoi-molcenai futsuqd (不都合); fui 
(不意) れ な e れ (變 )• ' 

Hosted byLjOOQle 


[ 187 ] 

Contribute, t.v. dashi-au ; kishin 
(寄進) s ; Icifu (寄附) s ; goryohu (合 
力) s ; (of money in charity) gien (義 
捐 j s ; (of money only) shukkin ( 
金) s' 

Contribute, i.v. (fig.) koken s ; 
(have a share in an effect) no/iashi 
ni nam. 

to be a ing cause, adzukatte 

chikara aru. 

Contribution, n. (act of) eqiiiv. of 
Contribute foil, by koto. ; (of an 
individual) Jdfu (寄附); kishin (寄 
進); (of a number of people) kyoyo 
; dashi-ai ; (of money to a 
charity) gien-kin (義捐金) ; (the 
money itself) dashi-ai fctn ; kyoJcin 
(酸 金) ; (to a newspaper) tdsho 
書) ; Tcisho (寄書) ; (to partnership 
funds, joint undertakiDg) shusshi ( {B 
資) [Com. Co., Civ. Co.]. 

s (taxes), torifate-ldn. 

to collect s, kifukin (寄附 金) 

wo aiswme-ru ; kyokin wo ahume' 


Contributor, n. shukkinsha (出金 
者) ; JcifushcL (寄附 者) ; (to a charity) 
(義捐 者) ; (to a paper, etc.) toshoka 
(投書家) ; Mshoka (寄書 家). 

Contributory, a. joryoku (助力) 
sum ; goryoku (合力) suru ; josei (助 
勢) suru. 

Contrite, a. Mai (悲哀) no ; zange 
iWM) shite oru ; kbkvbai (後悔) shite 
oru ; hitan {^|^) shite oru. 

to be , liiai s ; zange s ; led- 

kwai s ; hitan s ; tsukimi s. 

Contrition, n hiai ; hitan (悲歎) ; 
mnge ; rydshin (胃 j じ、) no seme ; tsu- 
kwai (痛 悔). 

Contrivance, n. (act of) eqtiiv. of 
Contrive foil, by koto ; (bad 
scheme) kikei (詭計) ; taJcurami ; 
karakuri ; (scheme) kufil (工夫) ; 
sandan (ま 段) ; mokuroml ; keikwaku 
(計 衋) > (machine) shikake. 

Contrive, t.v. mokuromu ; (a resiilt) 
hakaru ; (devise) keiktcaku (計 霱) s ; 
anshutsu (案出) s ; koan (考案) s ; 
kufu (工夫) s ; (invent) haisumei (發 

to stratagems, sakuryaku 

(m) 簡 megurasu ; kakaru ; 
hakarigoto wo megurasu. 

Control, n. tori-shimari ; shihai (支 
酉 ; Icxoanri (管理) ; kwankatsu (菅 
轄) ; (of feelings) yokusei (fj) 制). 

is imperfect, seirei ga 

iki-todokanai ; tori-shimari ga todo- 

direct , chokkatsu (直 f. 害). 

to be beyond , wa]iori- 

shimari ga dekinai ; (of a horse, 
etc.) wajjiyii (自由) ni narmiai ; 
ioa]te ni amaru. 

to be under tlie of, no I 

shihai ni nam. 

Control, t.v. no/tori-shimciri wo s ; 
wo I shihai s ; wo/kwanri s ; wo/lcwan^ 
katsu s ; ico/shori (處理 ) s ; (of feel- 
ings, passions, etc.) osae-ru ; .sei (制) 
s ; wo I yokusei s 

to one's anger, ikari wo 


to one's passions, Tcanjo (惑 

情) wo sei (制) s ; (sexual) joyoku 
('1^ 愁) wo osae-ru. 

Controllable, a. to be , wa] 

iori-shimaru koto ga deki-ru ; eqiiiy. 
of Control (t.v.) foil, by koto ga 

Controversial, a. sdrcmteki no , s5- 
ron (爭 論) no ; gironteki no ; giron (靖 
論) no ; hempaku (辨 no ; hakugeki 
(ま 擊) no ; kohen (抗 辯) no ; gircm 
ni zoku suru. 

Controversialist, n. sdrmsha (爭 
論者) ; glronsha (議論 者) ; bempaku- 
sha (辯 1^ 者) ; hakugekisha (® 磐 者) ; 
kobensha (抗辯 者). 

Controversy, n. sbron ; giron ; 
hemvaku ; hakugeki ; koben. 

Controvert, t.v. hempaku s ; haku- 
geki s ; koben s. 

Controvertible, a. bempaku no 
dekiru ; kohen sareru ; hakugeki no 

Contumacious, a. shibutoi; kata- 
iji na ; gwanko (頑固) na ; shitsuyd 
(執拗) 膽. 

Contumaciously, adv. kataiji ni ; 
sh'ibutoku ; gwanko ni ; shitsuyo ni. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 188 ] 


Contiiinacy, n. gwanko ; kataiji; 

Contumelious, a. human no ; ryd- 
jolcu no ; burei na ; dhei (横柄) 鶴 ; 
t 】cyo(j5 (倨傲) na, 

C ontumelioiisly, adv. human shi- 
te ; buret ni ; dhei ni ; kyogo ni. 

Contumely, n. human (侮慢) ; ryo- 
joku (凌 导); burei (無 鱧); dhei; 
t ん房 5- 

Contuse, t.v. dashd (打 (募) s ; suri- 

Contusion, n. dasho (打 【寡); uehi- 

Conundrum, n. nazo (謎). 
Convalescence, n. Jcelkwai (輕 快) ; 
yamai-agari ; hydki-cujari ; kwaifukw- 
ki (快復 te) ; Jcwaihd (快方). 
Convalescent, a. kwaihd ni omo- 
muite oru ; kwaiJci ni omomuite oru. 

to "become , kwaihd ni omo- 

mulcu ; kwaiki (快 期) ni omomuku ; 

Convalescent, n. kwaifuku-ki no 

kwanja (患者) ; や ifctoais/ia (輕快 者) ; 

wamai-agar'i no tiito. 
Convene, i.v. atsumaru ; shufcwai 

(集 會) s J shoshu sare-ru. 
Convene, t.v. atsume-ru ; shoshu (召 

集) s ; shokwan (召喚) s ; yoU-dasu. 
Convenience, n. (state) tsugd no 

yoi koto ; henri (便利) ; (thing) dogu 


as a matter of , bengijo (il 

宜 ii)' 

at your , go tsugo shidai. 

to consult one's own (not 

that of others), jihun no katte no yoi 
koto wo s. 

to consult the of others, 

hito no tsugd, or bengi, wo hakaru. 

to make a ...... of a person, 

hito wo dogu ni tsukau. 
Convenient, a. (of arrangements) 
tsugd no yoi ; katte no yoi ; tekigl (適 
宜) ? la ; (of place) hengi (便宜) ? m ; 
(of things) bmri no yoi ; choho (重 奪) 
na ; bmri iia ; (of time) tsugd no yoi ; 
katte no yoi. 

article, henri na shina- 

if it is to you, go tsugd ga 


Conveniently, adv. (to another) 
f/o tsugd yoku ; (to one's self) yoi (容 
易) れ i ; tegdruku ; tsugo yoku. 

Convent, n. amadera. 

Conventicle, n. kwavjijo (會議 所). 

Convention, n. (agreement) yakvjo 
(糸 勺!^) ; moshi-awase ; (assembly) 
kwaigi (會議 ) ; shilkwai (ft-t) ; (be- 
tween states) kyoiei (協定); (treaty) 
idyaku (條 約) ; kydyaku (協約). 

consular , ryoji—hokumu- 

joyaku (領事 職務 條 約'). 

Geneva , Geneba-joyaku, 

Conventional, a. (formal) monkiri- 
gata no ; (growing out of custom) 
shuzokuteki no ; sMzoku (習俗》 no ; 
shukwan (習慣) no ; futsfi (蒈 ifli) no ; 
seken (世,) nami no ; narawashi no. 

phrases, Icimaita monku (文 

句); j6mo7i/ciA (定文 旬). 

tariff, kyotei-zeiritsu (協定 税 


Conventionality, n. kimari-kitte 

iru koto ; seken-nami. 
Converge, i v. Uten (—點 ) ni ki (歸) 
s ; sokwai (湊會 ) s ; fukugb (^g*) s. 

Conversant, a with, ni/ 

kuwashii ;. woljutcuchi (熟 矢 B) shite 
oru ; nijjukuren (熟練) shita. 
Conversation, n. hanashi ; danwa 
(談話) ; Jcwaiwa (會 話) ; tahm (對 話" 

Dook, kwaiwahm (會 話篇) ; 

kwaiwasho (會 | 舌 耋). 
Conversationalist, n. hanashi- 

Conversazione, n. danwakai (談話 
會); gakujuisu-kdwakwai (學 術講 |fi 

Converse, n. urahara ; tenkwan (轉 
換) ; (in logic) tenkwan-meidai (轉換 

Converse, i.v. hanashi wo s ; danwa 
s ; kaiwa s, 
to familiarly together, 

uchi-akete katari-au. 

Hosted by 



[ 189 ] 

Conversely, adv. sore m kawatie ; 
sore ni hiki l-aefe ; al-hanshite ; ien- 
Icwan shite. 

Conversion, n. (act of) eqniv. of 
Convert (t.v.) foil, by koto ; (change) 
henkica (變化 j ; henko (蠻更 ) ; he"- 
kalcu (變: ^) ; (change for the better) 
kaishin じ、) ; (from one religion to 
another) kaishu (改宗) ; (of money) 
hiki-kae ; (of the public debt) kari- 
kae ; (to Buddhism) hosshin (發 心). 

Convert, t.v. (change the morals of) 
ico/kaishm (改, 亡、) sase-ru ; wojkan- 
kwa sase-ru ; (from one religion to 
another) ico /kaishu (改宗) sase-ru ; 
(of money) kae-ru ; hiki-kae-ru ; 
kwansan (feg) s ; (to Bncldhism) 
hosshin sase-ru. 

to into, nilsuru. 

Converted, a. to be , (from 

one religion to another) kaishu 
寧) • s ; (in morals) kais/iin s ; (in re- 
ligion) IcMcwa s ; kaisJdn s ; (to 
Buddhism) hosshin s. 

Convert, n. (religious) kaisMisha (改 
宗,) ; kaishinsha (改心 者) ; (to Bud- 
dtiism) hosshinsha ; (to Christianity) 
Jcwaikaisha (悔改 者). 

Convertibility, n. kaerareru koto ; 
henhwa no dekiru koto. 

Convertible, a. kaerareru ; henhwa 
no cleJdru. 

paper currency, dakican- 

shihel (兌換 紙幣). 

notes, dakwan-satsu (免換 


Convex, a. nakadaka ni natta ; kom- 

Qnori-daka ni natta ; nakadaka no. 
Convey, t.v. (carry) hakobu ; unso 
(運送) s ; umpcm (MM) s ; (transfer) 
yudzuri-icatasu ; (transmit) tsutae- 
ru ; tsilji-ru. 

to a meaning", imi wo 

fukunde orii. 

to under guard, goso (護送) 


Coiiveyaiice, n. mochihakoM ; unsb 
(蓮 送) ; umpan (運搬) ; (document) 
jovosho (讓與 書) ; (of estate, for 
money, etc.) yudzuri-icatashi ; (of 
mails) teiso (遞 送) ; (handing OTer) 
kofu (交付) ; Mki-vmtasliL 

Convict, t.v. (of a crime) ijiaai (有 
罪) to kessuru ; yuzai to mitome-ru. 

ed prisoner, Idkeisu (旣 * 决) 

no shujin (囚人). 

Convict, n. clioekinui (懲役 人) ; shii- 
to (囚徒). 

…… prison, chdeJcijo (懲役 場). 

Conviction, n. (act of) yilzai (有 雜) 
to kessuru koto ; yuzai to mitomeru 
koto ; (strong belief) kaJcushin (權 

Convince, t.v. tokushin (得-心) sase- 
ru ; nattoku 内 f 易-) sase-ru ; (over- 
come by argument) heikd (閉口) sas&' 
ru ; ronji-tsume-ru ; rompa (fi 佘被) s ; 
ii-ydburu ; ron (論) ni fuku sase-ru, 
to "be d, tokushin s ; nattoku 

to be d that, tojkalmshbi (確 

信) s ; to/shinjife utagaicanal. 

Couvinciiig', a argument, 

seiron (正 曾 釦 ; hakuron (# 論). 
proof, kakusho (fig 證). 

Coiiviiicing-ly, adv. melkaku (叨 確) 
ni ; sliimpuku (信. 服) suru yo ni ; 
nattoku sum yd ni ; gat en no iku yd 

Convivial, a meeting*, enkwai 

(宴 會) ; sakamori. 

Conviviality, n. enraku (宴 樂) ; shu- 

kyo (酒興). 
Convocation, n. (act of convoking) 

shdshii (召集) ; {general meeting) sd- 

kwai (!!、#)■ 
Coiivoko, t.v. yohi-atsume-ru ; shdshii 

(召集) s. 
Convolvulus, n. asagao. 

wild , hirugao [sometimes in- 
correctly called yugao]. 

Convoy, t.v. goso (護送) s ; qoei (護 
衞) s. 

Convoy, n. (escort) goei no hei (兵) ; 
gosdhei (護送 兵) ; (escort of supplies) 
shicho-goso {^WM^) ; (ship) ffoso- 
sen (護^船) ; (train of wagons) yusd- 
sha (輸送 車). 

Convulse, t.v. (agitate violently) 
shin さ d (震動) sase'TU ; (med.) keiren 
iM.W) ?力 okosase-ru. 

Hosted by^^OOgle 

Convulsed^ t.T. to be …… d, (med.) 
hiki-tsuru ; kelren s ; (of a child) 

Convulsions, n. (disease) Icydfu (驚 
風) ; chikudeki (fg^) ; kelren (Jfe 攣). 
chronic …… , mankydfu (慢驚 

to fall into , kydfii de hiki- 


Coo, i.Y. (of a dove) pd-pd to naku. 

Cook, n. * ; rydrinin (料理人). 

Cook, t.v. (by baking, roasting) yaku ; 
(by boiling) ni-m ; ude'vu ; yude-ru ; 
taku ; (hY broiling or toasting) ahu- 
ru ; (by frying) age-ru ; (food general- 
ly) r^/on (^il) s ; (rice) iaku ; kashi- 


to accounts, kanjo (勘定) 

ICO gomakasu. 

Cookery, n. rydri (料理). 

…… book, ?,. 2/5ri/i5 理法); r?/o- 
r い filtorl-anrmi. 

Cooking", n. rydri. 

European , seiyd-ryori 洋 


C oeking'-r a 11 ge, n. kamado ; het- 

Cool, a. (calm) heikl (平 氣) na ; jijaJcu 
(自 to sliita ; ochiisuita ; chinchaku 
(、沈着) na ; (manifesting coldness, 
etc.) reitaa (?令 淡) na ; mujd (無情) 
na ; (of substances generally) tsume- 
tai ; (of temperature) suzushii ; hiya- 
yaka na ; (of water) hiyaJckoi ; tsume- 
tai ; (impudent) heiki na. 

vJOOl, t.v. hiyasu ; samasu. 

to one's self (after anger), 

Id wo s1ddzume-ru ; (when hot) 

K)00\, i.v. hie'ru ; same-ru ; tsumetaku 
nam ; (after anger) ki ga shidzumu ; 
(of a solid body, of interest, etc.) rei- 
kyaku (?令 却) s ; (of the air) suzushiku 

Cool, n of the evening", yii- 


to stroll out to enjoy the 

of the evening", yu-suzvmi ni 


Cool-headed, a. (free from passion) 
reltb (?令 頭) na ; (in the face of 
clanger) heiki na ; kimo no suwatia. 

a person, re'iketsu-ddlmtsu 

(冷血動物) [slightly sarcastic]. 

Co-lieir, n. kyddd-sdzokunin (共同 相 
續入) [Civ. Co.]. 

Cooling", n. reikyaku (?令 去 p). 

Coolly, adv. (calmly) jijaku to shite ; 
taizeii (泰然) to shite ; chinchaku 
shite ; sumashite ; ochitsuite ; heiki 
ni ; (impudently) heiki ni ; suma- 
shite ; (without passion) hiyayaka ni. 

Coolness, n. reiki ひ 氣) ; suzushisa ; 
hiyakkoi koto ; (after a quarrel) Jd- 
mazid koto ; (indifference) reitan (?令 
淡) ; iimjo (無情) ; (of spirit) heiki. 

Coolie, n. niiisoku (人足) ; nimm (入 
夫) ; (labourer) shigotoshi ; (navvy) 
dokata ; (porter) karuko. 

calling" of a cargo , naka- 


cargo , oici-ninsoku ; nakashi 

[Kobe dialect]. 

cart , shariJd (車力). 

chair , kago-lmki. 

master, ninsoku-r/ashira ; 

ninsoku no oyadama. 

Coop, n. kago ; fuse-kago ; tori-kago ; 
(of wood) toy a. 

Coop, t.v. to up (confine), toji- 

kome'ru ; oshi-kome-ni. 

Cooper, n. okiya. 

Co-operate, i.v. (with, io) kybryoku 
(1^ 力) s ; tomo ni hataraku ; joriki s. 

to in, nijsandb (^同) s. 

to with, to/chiJcara wo aioase- 

ru ; tolkumu. 

Co-operation, n. kydryoku ; gd- 

ryoku (合力). 
Co-operative, a. Jcydryoku no ; go- 
ryoku no. 

system, so /o-soshiki (相互 組 


Co-operatively, adv. kydryoku 
shite ; gbryolcu shite. 

Co-operator, n. lydryoJmsha (協力 

Hosted by Google 

[ 190 ] 


[ 191 ] 


Co-orclinate, a. ddtd (同等) no ; dd- 
kxiku (同ネ 各) no ; cloi (同位)" o ; ddkyu 
(同級) no. 

Co-ordinately, adv. ddtd nl ; do- 
Icaku ni ; ddkyu id, 

Co-orrtiiiatioii, n. ddtd ; ddkaku ; 
ddkyu ; (act of) cioto ni koto ; 
ddkaku ni sum koto ; dbi ni sura 
koto ; ddkyu ni sum koto. 

Co-owner, n. hydyasha (- 共有 卷) 

[Com. Co.]. 
Coot, n. dhau. 

Co-par til er, n. naJcfdna ; kyodosha 

(おも 者); kumi-al-rdn. 
Co-partnership, n. son-ekl-h>nitan 

(換益 分 擔). 
Cope, i.T.. to -.… with, tokiUe nl 
nam ; ni/tekitai (敵' 對) s. 

Coping", n of a wall, hel (塀) 

no yane : hei no kahuri-isld ; kasa- 

Copious, a. ohitadashli ; kioata (夥多) 
na ; kyofa (許 多) n ひ; takusan no ; 
01 ; yutaka na ; tappuri na. 

Copiously, adv. ohitaclashiku ; kicafa 
ni ; takusan ni ; dim ; yutaka ni ; 
tappiiri to. 

Copiousness, , n. yutaka ; l、、yota ; 

kicata ; ohitadashli koto. 
Copper, n. akagane ; aka ; do (銅). 

coin, dokwa (銅貨). 

mine, ddzan (翁 山). 

Copper, n. (boiler) dokwan (銅 鍾), 

Copperas, n. roha ; ryokuban (綠 P), 

Copper-bottomed, a. dosoko no. 

Copper-plate, n. ddbctn (銅 寧). 
engraving", dohanzuri. 

Copper-smith, n. vchimonoya. 

Copra, n. kopura. 

Copse, n. yahu. 

Copulate, i.v. kdgd (交合) s ; kdsetsu 
(交接) s ; (of animals) tsurmnu ; tsu- 
gau ; sakaru ; kdhi (交尾) s ; jibi (窓 
尾) s. 

Copulation, n. kdgd ; kdsetsu ; (of 
animals) kobi (交尾) : jihi ; tsv.gau 
k、oto ; /swwTnw koto. 

uopy, t.v. (imitate) icolmane-ru ; no! 
mane wo s ; uts'usu ; (transcribe) 
ntsusu ; nojutsushi wo torn ; tosha 
(IjfS) ; mosha (拷寫 ) s ; kakinuku. 

to "by tracing", suki-utsusu. 

to exactly from an origi- 
nal, rlnsho (臨書) s. 

Copy, n. visushi [a.n. tsU (通)] ; iosha ; 
mosha ; Jcaki-nnki ; (of a document, 
book, etc.) shahon (抄本) ; (complete 
work) [a.n. hu (部); satsu (册 )] ; 
(M.S. for printer) genkd (原不 if;!) ; soko 
(草稿). - 

an exact (from an original), 


certified , tdhon (Ijf 本) [Civ. 

Co., Cr. Pro., Civ. Pro.] ; selhon (正 

clean , seisho (淸 書). 

by tracing, 

ut sushi. 

duplicate ies, 


roug-h (draft), sluiagakl ; 

soko (- な': 稿). 

Copy-book, n. (book for copying) 
soshi (草紙) ; tenarai-zdshi ; (book of 
models of writing) tehon ; shvjlhon 
[a.n. satsu (册) ; Jm (部)]. 

<Jor>yiiig-fee, n. tdsharyo () 麼寫 料) ; 
(for copying a book, etc.) kikkorijd 

Copying-inlc, n. falmsha-inki (複 

%3 ) • 

Coi>ymg -paper, n. (carbon paper) 

fukusha-shi (馥寫 紙). 
Copying-press, n. tosha-hi (|jf 寫 

器) ; fukuslia-ld. 
Copyist, n. sJiaji (寫 字) ; hikkdsha 
(筆耕 者) ; shaji-seL 

public , daishomn (代書人) ; 

kaki-yaku [vulg.]. 

Copyright, n. hanken (版 灌) ; cho- 

sakken (著作 灌). 

laws, hankenhd (版 ffi 法). 

Coquetry, n.jara-jara suru koto. 
Coquette, n. te no aru onna ; jara- 

tsuku onna. 
vJOquettisli, a.jftm-jara suru ; jarci- 

tsuku, ' 

Hosted by^^OOgle 


Coquettislily, adv. jam -jam shite ; 
jamkura shite. 

Coral, n. sango (珊 湖) ; (in the sea) 
sangoju (珊瑚 樹). 

Coral-insect, n. saagocha (蟲 )• 

Coral-island, n. sangotd (珊 湖島). 

Cord, n. (of hemp) nawa ; (of paper, 
for tying the hair) motoi ; (slender) 
Mmo ; (thick) tsima ; hosohiki ; (to 
bind back the sleeves) tasuki ; (used 
for binding criminals) haya-naioa. 

Cordag'e, n. tsuna-gu. 

Cordial, a. shinsetsu (親切) na ; shin- 
jitsu (親 實) na ; 7iengoro na ; kontoku 
(懇篤) 狐 ; konsetsu (懇切) na. 

Cordial, n. (med.) JcitsuJce ; Jcdfunzal 
(興奮 劑) ; (tonic) kyosdzai (强壯 劑). 

OOrtiiality, n. shinsetsu ; shin jit su ; 
kontoku ; konsetsu. 

vJOrdially, adv. shinsetsu ni ; shin- 
jitsu ni ; nengoro ni ; kontoku ni ; 
konsetsu ni. 

Cordon, n. (decoration) j ws/io (授荜 ) ; 
(of soldiers, etc.) nawahari. 

grand (of a decoration), dai- 

Jus/io (大授 窣). 

to post a (of police), hljosen 

(非常線) wo ham. 

Cords, n. Japan , hachijo-goro. 

Cordyceps sinensis, iochil-Jcasd 

ゆ颇 草). 
Core, n. (heart) shin (心) ; (internal 
mould) dm ; igata ; (of a tree) dzui 
(髓 ). ' 
Corea, n. Chosen {MM) ; KankoJcu 
(-辩 國). . 一 

invasion of , Chdsen-seioatsu 

(朝鮮 征伐) ; seikan (征韓 ). 
Corean, n. Chdsenjin. 
Corean, a. Chosen no. 

court, Kantei (韓廷 ). 

Coriander, n. koendoro, 

Corinthians, n. (epistle) Korinto- 

Cork, n. koroppu ; kuchi ; (the ma- 
terial) mald-gawa. 

Cork, t.v. nil kuchi wo s ; rdjsm wo s ; 
ni/Jcoroppu wo kau. 


Cork-screAV, n. kuclu-imH ; korop. 
pu-niiJcl ; sen-nuld. 

Cormorant, n. u (鶴). 
fishing", u-kai. 

Corn, n. mugi ; (barley and rice) hei- 
koku (米穀) ; (cereals) koJcumotsu (穀 
物) ; koJcurul (榖頹 ) ; (wheat) Jconwgi- 
上 ndian , td-morokoshi. 

Corn, n. (on the foot) no no me ; (on 
the hand) tak'o. 

uorncob, n. tomorokoshi no shin. 

Corn- duty, n. kojcumotsu-zel (穀物 

Cornea, n. kakumaku (角膜). 
Cornelian, n. mend (瑪! g). 

Corner, n. (external) kado ; (inter- 
nal) swni. 

to make a in (commercial), 

wo I kai-shime'ru . 

Corner, t.v. (in an argument) ronjl- 

a ed rat, kyUso (窮 lO. 

four ed, sliikaku (四 ま) na. 

three ed, sankaku (三角) net. 

to be ed (lit. and fig.), oi-tsu- 


Corner-stone, n. sumi-ishi. 

Cornet, n. rappa. 

Corn-lield, n. mugi-batake. 

Corn-flag", n. suism-ayaim. 

Corn-flour, n. kihl 

Cornice, n. fucH ; maicari-huchi ; 
(outside a building) jahara. 

Corn us officinalis, sanshiyu (山 
荣萸 ), or sanshii ; yama-gumi. 

Corolla, n. kwakwaii (花冠). 
Corollary, n. keiron (系 論). 
Corona, n. (astron.) * ; kinkican (金 

Coronation, n. sohui (即位) ; senso 

ceremony, iaikicanshiki (戴 

冠 式) ; sokui-shiki (即位式》 

Coroner, n. Jcenshikwan (檢屍 官). 
,s inquest, kenshi. 

Coronet, n. hdkiran (.寶冠). 

Hosted by Goo ヌ k 

[ 192 ] 


Corporal, n. gocho (伍長). 

lance , joidhei (上等兵). 

Corporal, a. shlntai (J|f|)9io- 

punishment, nikukel (肉 


Corporate, a. rjatt at (合 ? lo.; r en- 
go (連合) sMtd. 

Corporation, n. l ydkwal (|^會) ; 
(company) kicaisha ; soao-Jcicaisha 
(相. 互會 社).. 

industrial , san aiJo-kydJcwa I 

(產業 協 會). 

municipal , shlkimi (市 會). 

religious , kyokwai (ま 會). 

trading- , shdkwal (商 

Corporeal, a. yiltai (有 鉢) no ; vukel 
(有形) 鶴 ; gutai (具 鉢) no ; kelsUka 
(形而下) no. 

moveables, viltai-dosan (お 

脉 動產) [Civ. Pro.]. 
Corps, n. tai (隊) ; gwdai (軍隊). 

army , gundan (J^ 團); v. 


army medical , gu,i-l-hu ぼ 

欞 部). 

army service , shicho (iffi 重) • 

consular , kakkolcu-rijdji (4- 

國 領事). 

diplomatique, kaJckoku- 

kosaikwan (各國 交際 官). 

Corpse, n. (a dead body) sldgai (死 
骸) ; shltai (死 體) ; slilkoMve ;' (dead 
person) sliinm (死人). 

Corpulence, n. Uman (肥 滿). 

v;orpiileilt, a. himan no ; koeta : 

futotta ; nikuhutoi [Kyoto dialect]. 
Corpuscle, n. (atom) bibimshi (徽分 


blood , keklcyu. 

red …… , seki-kekkyu (赤血球). 
Correct, a. tadaslm ; machigal no 
鶴 i ; ayamari no nai ; (proper) tada- 
shu ; hosei (方正) no. 

in behaviour, hinkb-hbsei 

((Ta ィ了 力' 正) na. 
Correct, t.v. naosu ; tadasu ; arata- 
me-ru ; (a document) teisei (訂正) s; 
(amend) s7 ま ei— (修正) s ; (a misstate- 
ment) seigo (正誤 7 s ; (conduct) kyd- 
sei (矯正) s ; (mistakes in composi- 
tion) tmmku (^flj) s ; (proofs) kdsei 


(校正) s ; ielsei s ; (rewrite a passage 
in a document) kaJd-kae-ru. 

Correction, n. naoshi ; (act of) 
eqtiiv. of Correct (t.v.) foil, by koto ; 
(discipline) chdji (懲' 台) ; kenseJci (譴 
fc; ; (m a composition) tensaku ; (in 
a newspaper) seigo (正-誤); (of a 
document) teisei ; (of proofs) kdsei 
(校正) ; teisei, 
house of 一… , clwjllcan (懲 f 台 檻) ; 
(for children) chdJcaijo (^^ 戒;^ ) 
[Civ. Co.]. 

Correctly, adv. tadashlku ; ayamari 
naku ; machif/ai naku ; seikahu (精 
確) ni ; (of behaviour) hinJco-hdsei ni. 

Correspond, i.v. (agree) cm ; fugd 
(符合) s ; aUai (相 對) s ; (communic- 
ate) tsushin (通 f 言) s ; sUnslio (信書) 
no bfuku (症 復) ICO s; shosoku (涫 

not to (tally), kui-chigau. 

to to (be equivalent), ni/ 

cttaru ; ni/sotd (相 當) s •, nilhitteki 
(匹敵) 's'; (suit) mikanau ; nilni- 

to with, ni/au ; ni/fugo s. 

Correspondeiice, n. (act) tayori ; 
inshin ; tsushin ; (agreement) fugd ; 
aitai ; (letters) shokan (書^); 力 
shin ; shinsho (信書); (relation) 
kwanjcei (關 係), 

Correspondent, n. (newspaper or 
other) tsushinsha (通信 者) ; tsusMn- 
もれ (通信. 員). 

special , iok aha-ts il shin-in 

(特派 通信 晨). 

to be a bad , fude-hushF) (筆 

不性) de aru. 

war , gunji-tsiisMn-in (軍事通 

信 負); jugun-kisha (從 軍記 者). 
C or r e spon din g , a. ni/atte oru ; ni 
fugd shite oru ; tojonaji yd na ; to/ 
dbyo (同 檬) na ; nilsdtd (相' 當) suru. 
to be , cm ; ataru. 

Corridor, n. rdka (廊下). 

train, kwantsii-vessha (貫通 


Corroborate, t.v. (affirm) tashika- 
me-ru ; (confirm, of a proof) meikaku 
(明確) ni s ; kakujiisu (確 實) ni s ; 
nojshdko (證據 ) m nam ; shb (證) .s*. 

[ 193 ] 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 194 ] 


Corroboration, n. (act of) equiv. 
of Corroborate foil, by koto ; 
(proof) shoko. 

Corroborative, a. equiv. of Cor- 
roborate used as adj. 

Corrode, t.v. kusarakasu ; fusaoku 
(腐蝕) sase-ru. 

Corrode, i.v. fashoku s ; kusare- 

Corrosion, n. fushoku (腐蝕). 

Corrugated, a. shiwa ni naita ; 
お hiwa-kucha ni natta. 

iron, namigata-tetsu ; nama- 

ko-ita. . . 
roofing', namako-ita-buki. 

Corrosive, a. fushoku sum ; kusara- 

sublimate, shoko (昇 求). 

Corrupt, t.Y. (bribe) nilmainai wo 
yaru ; ni/mainai s ; ni/wairo (賄 路) 
wo oJcuru ; ni/zoicai (赠逾 ) s ; (morals) 
midasu ; yaburu ; (pervert, persons) 
sosonokasu ; yiaoaku (誘惑) s ; 
(things) waruJcu s ; solconau. 
Corrupt, a. ( dishonest) fusei (不正) 
no ; (vitiated) kusatta ; Juhai (腐敗) 
shita. • 

a person, nigiri-ka ; shuwai- 

sha (收贿 者). ' で 

morals, mldareta fiizoku (き 

fg.) ; yahureta fmoku ; ha 漏 m 
德) no fiiZoku ; tokuso (德 操) no 
nai fiizoku. 一 
practices, fusei-koi (不正 ザ亍 

爲). . 

Corruption, n. (act of) equiv. of 
Corrupt (t.v.) foil, by koto ; 
(bribery) wairo (賄賂) ; zSimi (贈賄) ; 
mainai ; (depravity) aku-fuzoku ; 
fuhai ; haitoku (敗 齊、) ; (putrescence) 
kusareta koto ; fuhai (腐敗). 

Corruptible, a. to be , (brib- 
able) wairo wo torn ; (subject to de- 
cay) Jcusare-ru ; fuhai s. 

Corruptly, adv. waruku ; fusei (不 
正) ni ; dokuaku (毒 惡) nL 

Corruptuess, n. ja-aku (邪 惡) ; 
fuhai shite aru koto. 

Corsair, n. kalzoku (、? 每賊 ). 

Corselet, n. mune-ate. 

Cortege, n. gyoreisu (行列) ; (of the 
Emperor) roho (齒簿 )• 

Corydalis incisa, murasaU- 
Jceman. , 

Corvee, n. (under feudal system) 
kuyaku (公役) ; kayaku (加役). 

Co-secant, n. yokatsu-sm (餘 割線). 

Co-sine, n. yogen-sen (餘弦 線). 

Cosmetic, n. * ; keshdhin (化 被 品) ; 

(paint and powder) shifun (8 旨 盼). 
Cosmic, a. uchu (宇宙) no ; zensekai 

(全世界 i ? 10 ; tGRChi (天地) ?10. 

Cosmogony, n. tenchi-kaibyakuron 
(天地開闢 論). 

Cosmography, n. tenchi-sdron (天 
地總、 論) ; teachigaJm (天地 學). 

Cosmopolitan, n. isshi-ddjm {—m 
同仁) no into. 

Cosmopolitan, a. sekai-teH (世界 
的) no ; isshi-aojin no. 

Cost, n. (expense) nyuhi (人 費); hi- 
yo {MW ; Jcakari ; (in Chinese com- 
pounds -hi (費); (price) nedan (直 
段) ; teika (定價 ) ; IcakaJcu (慣 格). 

price, motoyie ; genlca (元' 債). 

of transport, unso-ln (運 5^ 


s, (in civil suit) sosho-hiyo (|g 
訟費 [Civ. Pro., Cr. Pro., Cr. 
Co.] ; (in criminal case) saiban-hiyd 
(裁判 費用) [Cr'Ckx] 

liow mucli does it r iicura 


Cost, t.v. kakaru ; (of loss) sum. 

it s money, kane ga kakaru. 

Costive, a. hlketsu (秘結) na ; hempi 

(便秘) 亂 . 
to be , wa\tsuji ga nai. 

Costiveness, n. hiketsu (秘結); 

Costliness, n. (of price) kone (g 
直) ; 'kdica (高 慎) ; kojiki ; koryo (高 
料). . 

Costly, a kone na ; kojifci na ; koryo 
(高 料) 鶴; k5!ca na; tanto kakaru ; 
nedan no takai. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 195 ] 


Costume, n. (clothes) isho (衣裳); 
ifuku (衣き^ ; (style of dress) nari ; 

European , ydfuku (洋月 g). 

native , icaftiku (禾 n 月 も). 

Cosy, a. kokoYoijol ; kokoromochi no 


Co-tangent, n. yosetsusen (餘 切錚 《). 

Coterie, n. renja (連中); nakama ; 

Cottage, n. koya [very small]. 
Cotton, n. icata ; momen-wata. 

brocade, men-'burokedo. 

clothes, mempuku (錦 吸) ; 

momen no kimono. 

drills, unsaifu (雲齋 布). 

duck, men-ho-nuno (f 帛. 帆 才 i ョ) ; 


flannel, menfuran ; (superi- 
or) mompa. 

grin, k'mata-guri ; wafak'uri- 

' gumma, 

g'oods, momen-mono ; futo- 

mono ; menrui (綿 類). 

Italians, men-itariansu. 

plant, wata no ki. 

print, sarasa. 

…… rug*, mensen (綿 g). 

…… satins, menjusu ま濡 子). 

spinning' factory, hoseJci- 

gioaisha (紡績 會 社). 

thread, momea no nul-ito ; 

men-nui-ito . 

tissues, mempu (綿布). 

velvet, membirodo ; menten 

(綿 天). , 

waste, ito-kudzu. 

wool, icafa ; (coarse) nankin- 


yarn, menshi (線! 糸); men- 

ori-ito ; (imported) td-ito. 

ginned , kuri-wata. 

Indian , Indo-menkwa (印度 


medicated wool, menzanshi 

(綿 撒 糸); husuri-wata. - 

old , furu-wata. 

raw , menkwa (綿花). 

Cotton-mill, n. wata-kdjd ; hoseki- 

Coiicli, n. (bed) 7iedai ; toko ; (sofa) 
yas 雷 i-isu (安, i 、: |f 子) ; naga-isn. 

Cough, n. sekl; gaiso (咳嗽), 
moist , tcmsekl. 

Cougli, i.v. sekl wo s ; tva]seki get 

Cougli, t.v. to blood, chi ' u'o 

halm ; toJcetsu (吐血) s. 

Council, n. himigl (會議 )• 

s (deliberations on affairs of 

state), hybgi (廟議 ). 

in the presence of the 

Emperor, gozen-Jacaigi (御前き 

of state, naikaJcu (內閣 )• 

of war, gungi (軍議). 

municipal , shisanjikwal (市 

參事鲁 ). 

Privy , siimitsuin (樞密 院). 

Councillor, n. (of a govt, office) 
sanjikican (参事官); jimukican (寧 g 
官). . 

privy , sfcmlts'u-komonkwan 

(樞密 顧問 官 )• 

Counsel, n. (advice) kwankoku (勸 
告) ; chukoJcu (忠告) ; (in civil case) 
soshd-dair'min (訴訟 代理 入) [Civ. 
Pro.] ; (in crim, case) hengonin (辯 護 
A) [Cr. Pro.] ; (lawyer by profes- 
sion) hengoshi ; joshi (狀师 ) [word 
used by Japanese lawyers who have 
been called to the English bar]. 

to keep one's own , himitsu 

密) wo mamoru. 

to take , sodan (相談) s ; 

(secret) mUsugi (密議) s. 

Counsel, t.v. kwankoku s ; susume- 
ru ; (admonish) keikai (警戒) s ; 
(warn) chUkoku s. 

Counsellor, n. kwankokusha (勸吿 
者) ; cMkokusha (忠、 告者) ; (barrister) 
V. Counsel (n.). 

Count, t.v. kazoe-ru ; kanid (勘定) s ; 
keisan (計算) s ; dasan (打算) s. 

to be ed upon, ate ni nam ;. 

tanomi ni nam. 

Count, i.v. to upon, too /ate ni 

s ; wo /tanomi ni s. 

you can upon it, daijobu 


Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 196 ] 


Count, n. (of a charge) kado ; (of 
yarn) te ; (noble) hakushalm (伯爵) ; 
40 s, slujitte. 

Countenance, n. ybhb (容貌) ; s る- 
1)0 (相貌) ; ? iwnsS (面相) ; kao. . 

exDression oi , kaotsufci. 

to be put out of , memmoku 

wo ushinau. 

to change , wa] ganshoku (顔 

\ ga kawaru ; wa]kao-iro ga 

to keep one's , majime de 

i-ru ; heiki (や 氣) de i-ru. 

to put out ol , memmoku (面 

目 ) wpo ushinmcase-ru. 

Countenance, t.v. yurusu ; moku - 
ski (默視 ) s ; ome ni mi-ru ; mokkyo 
(默 許:) s ; mokkwa (默 過) s. 

Counter, n. (of a shop) mise-dai ; 
(used at cards) kadzu-tori ; (used in 
playing go) go-ishl. 

Counter, adv. haniai (反 對) shiie ; 

Counter, a. haniai no. 

Counteract, t.v. kesu ; nilhankd 
(反抗) s ; nilteikd (抵抗) s. 

C ouiiterac tin g", a. Imnhd suru ; 

teiko sum. 
Counteraction, n. hankd ; teiko ; 

hantai-sayo (反對 f 乍 用). 
Counter-attack, n, hcmgeki (反 

^) ; gyakugeki (j^p). 
Counterbalance, i.v. (of sums of 
money) is expr, by sashihiki-nokori 
ga nai [that is, there is no balance] ; 
(of weights) tsuri-au ; heikd (平衡) s. 

the proofs on each, side , 

ryoho (兩 方) no shoko (證據 ) ga 
ichiyo (ー惊 j da. 
Counter-case, n. ibhmslio (答 辯 

書) ; hempaJcusho (辨 St 書)' 
Counter-claim, n. hanso (反訴). 
Counterfeit, a. nise- ; sora-. 

article, nise-mono ; g'lbutsu 

(偽物) ; moz5/ii" (模造品) ; (a for- 
gery) ganzdhin (Hittj?,). 
laugMer, sora-warai. 

.... money, nise-km ; ganfcm 

金). . 
notes, (janzd-shlhei ; mse- 


signature, hohan (- ,桨 判). 

Counterfeit, t.v. nise-ru ; magae- 
ru ; (forge) gizo (偽造) s ; ganzo (黉 
造) s ; (pretend) no I mane ico s ; no! 
J-uri ICO s. 

to ignorance (of a thing), 

shiranai kao v:o s. 

Counterfoil, n. (of a cheque) dalshi 
(鏖 紙) ; hikae. 

Countermand, t. y. kotowaru ; 
yoshi ni s ; iori-Jcesu ; iitsuke-naosu. 

to an order (mil.), kairei (改 


Coimter-marcli, b. (change of 
wings of a battalion) lionientd (|^ 顚 
頭) ; (marching back) taiko (退行) ; 
haimen-kdshin (背面 行進). 

Counter-marcli, i.v 二 ato ni hiku ; 
hiki-kae-ru ; tailed (退行) s ; (in dril- 
ling) iki-kaesu ; haishin s. 

Counter-moveiuent, n. haniai- 

undb (反對 運動) • 
Counterpane, n. mcakake. 

Counterpart, n. fugd (符合) shita 

mono ; (of a seal) ai-han. 
Counterscarp, n. horl no soto- 

gishi ; gwaigan (夕ト 岸). 
Counter-sign, n. (mil.) ai-kotoha ; 

ango (暗 號) ; [tlie question is called 

mongo (問 語), the reply logo (答 語)]. 
Countersign, t.v. nijrensho (連 書) 

s; nilfukusho (畐 Ij 書) s. 
Counter-signature, n. rensho ; 


Counting'-liouse, n, cholxi (帳 塲) ; 

kwaikei-shitsu (Wgt^J- 
Countess, n. halaishaku-fujin (伯 H 


Countless, a. kazoerarenal ; music 
(無 數) れ ; kadzu no dekinai. 

Countrified, a. inaka-meita ; ydbo 
na; hukotsu (無骨) na; Mnahita; 

Hosted by し OOgle 


[ 197 ] 


Country, n. (as opp. to adjacent 
tomi) migd .{'^M) ; zoAkafa ; zaisho 
(在所) ; (region) kuni ; koku (國) 
[used only with numerals, as, ikka- 

koku (一 ケ國 ), one ; or in com- 

poimds, as, dankoku (暖齒 ), a warm 

] ; (rural parts) inaJca ; chihd 

(地方); (state) hokoku (邦 國); (the 
public weal) kokka (國 家). 

ies, kuniguni. 

a great , taikoku (大國 ). 

all ies, shokoku (1^ 國) ; kak- 

た o7a し (各 p) ; hankoku (篱國 )• 

all ies of the world, sekal- 

kakkoku (世界 各國) ; sekai-han- 
koku (世界 萬 國). 

all foreign ies, sliogwalkoku 

(諸 外 國). 

close , shaheichi (MWiM)- 

home , hong dim, 

my native JiongoJcu (本 國) ; 
u'ciga kuni. 

one's own , jikoku (自國 ). 

open , kaikicatsu-chi (開 iP^ 地). 

permit to enter a , nyiilwku- 

inenjd (入國 免状). 

your native , go shokoku 

(御 生國) ; kuni ; kVcoJcu (貴國 )• 

undulating" , hajochi Oft 

狀 地). 

wooded , sJdnrbichi (森林 地). 

Couiitry-liouse, n. hessd (刖莊 )• 

C Oimtry-man, n. (inhabitant) jim- 
min (入 民); (rustic) inakamono ; 
hyakushd (/^'l 生). 

fellow , dokokvjln (同國 入). 

Coup-de-grace, n. todome. 

to give the , todome zoo sctsu. 

Coiip-(le-maiii, n. qekiioisu (轚 

突). . ^ 

Coiip-d'etat, n. seihen (政 蠻). 

Couple, n. (man and wife) fufu 
(夫婦) ; (of animals, male and female) 
tsiigai ; (of persons) futari : ninin 

a of coolies, nmsolcu ninin. 

a married , hair/ilshu (gj^f^ 

者) ; fi-(fu. ' 

of animals, kemono nihUd. 

oi わ Ms, 

Coui>le, t.v. (bring sexes together) 
tsugaioase-ru ; isurumase-ru ; Icake- 
ru ; (join) cmase-ru ; keisuqb (結 
合) s. ' 

Couple, i.Y. (of animals) tsurjau ; 
tsurumu ; kdM (交尾) s. ' 

Coupling*, n. (between carriages) 
rmsa (^^). 

C!oupoil, n. {of bonds, etc.) risatsu 

Courage, n. yUM (勇 氣); isami ; 
(martial) huyfi (武勇) ; dokyo (度胸) ; 
daitan (大膽 )• 

animal , kekki (血 氣) no yu. 

dutch , sake no ue no yuki. 

bavethe of one's opinions, 

kitan (; gtt^) nalcu onore no sefsu 
(說) wo nohe-ru. 

moral …… , ddtoJcvjd (道德 上) no 

to lack , wa\ yuld (ja nai. 

to lose , ki ICO kujiku ; hi ico 


to take , yuki wo okosu. 

Courag eous, n. tsuyoi ; yuld (|| 氣) 
no am ; yilkan (勇敢) w« ; isamashii ; 
Ooyil (剛異 ) ? goH (剛毅) no; 
daitan na ; dokyo no aru. 
quietly , shinnari-dzuyol. 

Courageously, adv. tsuyoku ; isa- 
mashiku ; daitan ni ; yilkan (勇敢) 
ni ; gbyu ni ; gdJci ni. 

Courier, n. (messenger) hikyaku 
(飛脚) ; kyu-dzukai ; hashiri-dzukal. 

Course, n. (action) Icdi (行 爲); 
okonai ; gyojo (行 狀); hinjco ; 
shikata ; (direction) homuki ; hoko 
(方向); hdmen 、力ま); hdr/aJcu (方 
角); (for horse-racing) keiba (競, ま); 
keibajd (競馬 塲) ; (for races) kydsojo 
(競走 塲 j.; (of an event) nariyuki ; 
(of an illness) keikica 過) ; (of a 
river) nagare-suji ; (of a ship) hoi 
(方位); shinro (針路); (of study) 
kwatei (科-程); (process) dm (中 jl; 
(road followed) michi-suji. 

a matter of , mocTdron na 

koto ; tdzen (當资 i) na koto. 

as a matter of , tdzen (當然 ). 

Hosted by 



[ 198 ] OOU 

in the of an argument, 


in of preparation, jumhi- 

chu (準備中). 

in due , jun (順) wo otte. 

in the of a month., tsukl no 

ucln ni. 

in the of conversation, 

hanashi no isuide ni. 

in the of his speech, 

enzetsuchti (演說 中). 

in the of the forenoon, 

hirumae no uchi ni. 

in the of to-day, kyojil ni. 

of , moio yori ; mochiron 

(勿論 i; muron ; dori (道理) de ; 
(naturally) shizen (自然). 

the proper , atarimae no 

tejun ; soto no iefsiiclzuki ; junjo 

(順序). p , 

there will be a of lec- 

tures, tsudzulie kogi (講義) ga aru. 

to direct one's towards, 

nilhpmujci wo torn. 

to let a person take his own 

, hito no Jci-makase ni shiie 


to let things take their , 

koto wo honin (放任) s. 

to take one's own , kaite 

ni s ; kokoromakase ni s. 

Course, t.v. (himt) kam. 

Course, i.v. the blood …… s 
through tlie veins, chi ga 

karada wo jimkwan (|§ 環) s, or 

Courser, n. (horse) shumme (|| 馬). 
Court, n. (court-room) hbtei (法廷) ; 
(Imperial family) teishitsu 室) ; 
(in a house) naka-rdwa ; (of the 
Sovereign) chotei (朝廷). 

Corean , Kantei (韓廷 )• 

councillor, hyuchu-komon- 

/ao«.?i( 宫中 顧問 官). 

ladies, kyuchu-jokican (宮中 

女官); ? 12/0 たれ' aw (女官). 

of appeal, kosoin (控|^院) ; 

(in which the appeal is made) 

of cassation, daisliln-in (大 

審院 ). 

...... official, kinial-ku-anrl (宫內 


of justice, saihansho (裁 

判 所). _ . 

district , chihd-saihansho 


local , Jcu-saihansho (區裁 

判 所) • 

marine , kaijt-shimpan け每軍 


mixed , tachiai-saiban. 

open , kotel (公 fej [Cr. Pro.]. 

the of a suit, juso-saihansho 

(受訴 裁判所) [Civ. Pro ふ 

the high , kotb-hbin (高等 

'法 院). ' レ 

to bring into , hotel (法廷) e 

teishutsu (提 出 ) s. 

to go to , sandal (參 内) s ; 

sanchb (參 朝) s. 

Court, t.Y. (flatter) koVi-ru ; hetsu- 
rau ; omone-ru ; ni/o seji (ま 事) wo 
ill ; (solicit the affection of) ni ii- 
yoru ; rdlai (愛) wo motome-ru. 

Court-dress, n. Mfuku (朝 flll). 

Courteous, a. teinei (丁寧) na ; 
reigi (禮 儀) no aru ; —In 滅' 

Courteously, adv. felml ni ; rei ('禮 ) 
100 motte ; ingin ni. 

C our teousne ss, n. equiv. of 
Courteous foil, by koto. 

Courtesan, n. yujo (遊女) ; shogi 

(娘 妓) ; jord (女!^). 
Courtesy, n. also (愛禾 目) ; reigi (g^ 

^) ; ingin. 
Court-llOllse, n. saihansho (裁 

判 所). 

Courtly, a. oku-yuJcashii ; hinkaku 

inM no yoi. 
Court-martial, n. rjiimpo-icwalgl 

(軍法 會議 )• 
Court-martial, t.v. gumpd-kwaigi 

nifu (附) s. 
Court-room, n. hotel (法廷). 
Courtship, n. endan (緣談 ). 
Court-yard, n. nalca-niwa. 


ni 鶴- saki '; 

(said in the room), 

Cousin, n. itoko. 

second , nvda-Uoko. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 199 ] 


Covenant, n. seiyaku (誓 譯) ; kei- 
yaku (契約). 

Covenant, i.v. yaku s ; yah udaku 
(約諾) s. ' 

Cover, n. (bell-shaped) kabuse ; (lid) 
futa ; (for plants, as protection 
from frost, etc.) shimo-yoke ; (of a 
book) hydshi (き 紙) ; (of a bowl) 
kise ; Icohuta ; (of a piece of furniture) 
01 ; (of a table) hiki-mono ; oi ; iehiini- 
kake ; (of trees) kusamura ; ydbu ; 
(outer case of Japanese book) chitsu 
(帙 ); (protection) hogo (保護); (to 
keep off rain) ama-oi ; (wrapper of 
a, parcel) uwafii. 
to be under (from the wea- 
ther), II rd ICO sldnogu ; ama-yadori 
ICO s. 

under (in a letter), funyn 

入) shita. ' 

under of, (pretending) itsu- 

tcafte ; no/fu (風) wo shite ; (protec- 
tion) 7io/ho(jo (保護) no shita ni. 

imder ot the night, yo 

m nijqjUe- ' 

Covt*i% t.Y. ni I kabuse -ru ; wojou ; rdj 
kal e-iu ; nijlcise-ru ; (a book) nij 
hydshi (^紙) wo tsuke-ru ; (be suffi- 
cient for) nijataru ; (one's traces) 
kuramasu ; (protect) engo {^M) s ; 
higo (庇護) s ; (put on a lid) nilfuta 
ICO s ; (so as to hide) tsutsumu ; (so 
as to hide something bad, fig.) impel 
(隱蔽 ) s ; (with metal) nilharu. 

to with, a basket, nijkago 

iro fuse-ru. 

to with, a mat, ni/komo wo 

oil, kake'ru, kabusc'ru, or kise-ru. 

Covered, a way, fukmJo 

(覆 道). 

Covering', n. oi-mono ; (outer) 

^JOVerlet, n. (Japanese) yagu ; kcU- 
maJci ; (outer) kake-buton ; (thiu) 

Coversine, n, yoya. 

covert, n. (thicket) morl ; ydbu ; 

Covertly, adv. hisoka nl ; onitsu (密) 

ni; shinonde ; nainal (内々); an 

(H§) ni. 

Covet, t,v. (in a bad sense) hoshi- 
garu ; musaboru ; suien (港 诞) s ; 
(in a good sense) sefsubo (切 意) s ; 
netsuho (熱望) s ; katsubo まき) s. 

Covetous, a. (bad) yoku (愁) ? lO 
fukai ; yokubatta ; donyolm (貧 愁) 
na ; danran (貧 婆) na. 
to be , yokiibaru ; musaboru. 

Covetously, adv. yohubaite ; dan- 
ran, ni ; musahofte ; donyoku ni. 

Covetousness, n. yokuhari ; dan- 
ran ; muscibori ; donyoku. 
Covey, n. (01 birds) mure. 

a , hiio-mnre. 

Cow, n. riie-ushi [a.n. hlki {]FQ) ]. 
Cow, t.v. odosu ; odokasu ; kyoja 
(恐' fe) sase-ru. _ 

to be ed, Oiku-Uku s ; kyoju 

s ; ojike'VU. 
Coward. 5 n. okubyd-mono ; koshl- 
nuke ; hikyd-mono. 

Cowardice, n. okuhyd (據、 病) ; 

koshiniike ; hlkyo (卑怯) ; kyoda 

(怯懦). . 
Cowardly, a. (mean) hikutsu (卑屈) 

na ; hiretsu (卑劣) na ; senretsu 

(賤 劣) 龍; (wanting courage) hikyo 

na ; okubyd na. 
Cowberry, n. koke-momo ; hama- 

nashi ; hama-nasu. . 
Cowllide, n. ushi no kaica ; r/yfihi 


CowllOUSe, n. ushigoya ; [a.n. ken 
(軒) ]. 

Cowpox, n. r/iifdd (牛植 )• 

Cowrie, n. koyasu-gai. 

Coxcomb, n. (fop) share-mono ; 
daiesha. 、 

Coxing'a, n. Eokusenya [more cor- 
rectly Kokuseiya (國性 爺) ]. 

Coxswain, n. kaji-tori ; dashu (fg 手). 

iJoy, a. uchiki na ; isiitsushimi-hiikai. 

Coyly, adv. uchiki ni ; hajiraefe ; 
tsutsushimi-hukaku. ' 

uoyness, n. uchiki. 
Cozen, t.v. damakasu ; tahumkam ; 
manchaku (滿 着) s ; damasu. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 

:: sw- ,: フー rv ハ, " 

OEA [ 200 ] OEA 

^rab, n. kani [a.n. hiki] ; (as article 
of food) hat ; (asti'OEL) kyolcai-hyu 

(巨 蟹宫) • ' 

louse, ke-jirami. 

horseshoe , kalnUo-f/anl. 

spiaer , ihara-gani. 

Crabbed, a. (sour) Iji no tear id. 

Crack, n. (hairlike) hiU ; (in lacquer) 
dammon (翁 紋) [the minute cracks on 
the surface of certain lacquers] ; (of 
a whip) hihiki-oto ; (of fire-arms) 
jilsei (翻 聲) ; (on bronze, etc.) kidzu ; 
(on ivory or porcelain) nyii ; (small) 
suJdma ; (wide) vxire-me. 

^rack, i.Y. (of china) ni]si'.ji ga iru ; 
ni\nyu ga iru ; nijhtbi ga iru ; (of 
earth) nijhibi ga iru ; sake-ru ; kiretsu 
(龜 裂) 髓 s/ioji-ru ; (of glass) nijhibi; 
ga iru ; (of the voice) koe-gawarl ga 
s ; (litter a sharp sound) nam ; oto 
ga s. 

Crack, t.v. vmru ; kaku ; (a whip) 
hihimsn ; pachi-pachi sase-ru. 

to a joke , jbdan (笑 談) wo 


Cracked, a. (eccentric) hodeko na 

Cracker, n. (Chinese) iniitkin-hana- 

hi ; hakucUku (爆 it). 
Crackle, n. (earthenware) hM-yaJd. 
Crackle, i.v. pachi-pachi io nam. 
Cradle, n. (child's) yuri-doko ; yuri- 

Jcago ; tsuquro ; (of a ship) senso 

(船' 槽). ' - 

the of liberty, jiyfi-slmqi 

( 自 由 主義) no gicanso ( 元祖'). ' 
Craft, n. (cunning) kokatsu (狡 科お ; 
kikei (1^ 計) ; kankei (奸計) ; (trade) 
shokugyd 薩). 

Cranny, adv. kokatsu nl ; icaru- 
gashikoku ; icaru-gosuku. 

Craftiness, n. kdjcatsu ; Jcikei ; 

Crafty, a. icarujle no aru ; kokatsu 
na; jachi (邪 智) no fukai ; icaru- 
gasmkoi ; u-aru-gosui. 

Crag", n. iicao ; ganshd (嚴确 ). 
Craggy, a. gagatam ; (jankv.tsu (厳 
W rta. 

Crake, n. Baillon's , hime- 


button , sJmna-kuim. 

Cram, t.v. tsume-vu ; tsume-komu. 

to one's self with food, 

tabemono wo ippai ni tsume-komu ; 
Jiara ippai tabe-ru. 

to the moutli full, hobaru. 

to up (a subject), namagami s. 

Cramp, n. kelren (痙 蠻) ; Icoren (拘攣 )• 

in the leg, Icomurorgaeri, 

to have the , suji ga tsuru ; 

(in the stomach) ham ga isupparu. 

Crampef], a. (of handwriting) 

to be (for room), osliikome- 

rare-ru ; tsumekomare-ru. 

Cranberry, n. ma-haze ; aka-momo ; 
(berry) fujimme [so called in Yoko- 
hama district as coming from Mt. 

Crane, n. i 爾 u [a.ii. wa (33) ] ; 
(machine) kijuki (|i 重機) ; make- 
make [vulg.]. 

demoiselle , anewa-dzuru. 

grus cinerea, kuro-dzuru ; nedzu- 


g. japonensis, tanchb-dzuru ; 
tanchb (j^^). 

g. leucauchen, mcma-dzuru. 
g". monaclius, nabe-dzuru. 
white , shiro-dzuru. 

Crane's-bill, n.v. Geranium. 

Craniolog^y, n. kossdgaku (骨相 擧) ; 

togai-gaku (^蓋 學). 

Cranium, n. idgal 

Crank, n. (eccentric) kawari-mono. 

Cranky, a. (of a ship) yanikkoi. 

Cranny, n. icareme ; svjcima. 

Crape, n. (cotton) chijimi ; (silk) 

black (Japanese), kuro-chiri- 


crinkled ...... kahe-chirimen ; (red 

and white) kanoko-shihori. 

Nagahama , hama-cJiirlmen. 

red , hi-jmmm. 

white , skiro-chirimen. 

Ci'ai)e 一 myrtle, n. saru-suheH ; 
hyaku-jilckd (百日 弒). 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 

[ 201 ] 


Crasll, i.T. rj(da-rjnia to 
Crasli, n. (jrita-i/afa suru oto. 

Cratoegiis saiiguiiiea, dsanzasld. 

Crate, n. (for carrying odds and ends 
of property) yojm-kago ; (of wicker- 
work) kago ; (of Avood) koski-hako. 

Crater, n.funkwakd (噴火口) ; (隱. 

Cravat, n. erl-maki. 

Crave, t.Y. (ask for) koi-negau ; konsei 
(懇請) s ; kommo (懇望) s ; ori-iUe 
tanomu ; (long for) setsuhd (切望) s ; 
netsubo {%M) ん 

Craven, a. v. Cowardly. 

Cravings n. seisuho (切: ; netsuhd 
(熱望) ; (for drink, etc.) yoku (愁 ). 

CraAV, n. 

Crawl, i.T. hau ; hofaku (ffl 窗) 6'. 

to in, hai-homu ; mofjari- 

komu. ' 

to out, hai-de-ra. 

to -. up, hai-nobora ; Jui l-agaru. 

Craylisli, n. ehi ; (river) kawa-ehi ; 
(sea) ise-ehl [palinurus japonicus] ; 
kurama-ebi [penacus canalicnlatusl- 
Craze, n. (fashion) dai-ryiikd (大, 流行). 
Crazily, adv. hakkyd (發 shita yd 
ni ; ki ga chigatia yd ni ; seislim- 
sakumn (狩 f. 神 錯喬ぃ sMta yd ni ; kichl- 

Craziness, n. hakkyd ; seisUn.-saku- 

Crazy, a. (of intellect) Jci (氣) no 
fareta ; hakkyd shita ; seishhi-saku- 
ran shita ; ki no chigatta ; ( "broken) 

Creak, i.y. JdsMmu ; kl-kl in ; (as, of 
<in ill-laid floor) onishi-mishi oto ga s ; 
(of boots) 7iaru, 

Cream, n. kurlmu. 

of tartar, shuseJci-ei {MlSi^)- 

Crease, n. (made purposely) ori-me ; 
hida ; (imintentional) shiwa. 

Crease, t.Y. ni! ori-me ? ノ-で fsuke-ru ; 
(imintentionally) looj shiwa ni s. 

Create, t.v. (appoint) rdnjlru ; (a 
right) seUel (設定) s [Civ. Co.] ; (bring 
into existence) sozb (創造) s ; hatsu- 
mei (發 明) s ; (cause) oJcosu ; shbji-ru ; 
(ennoble) jo ま) s. 

Creation, n. sbzd ; haisumei ; (esta- 
blishment) seisuritsu (設立) [Civ. Co.]; 
(of a right) settel (p5: 定) [Civ. Co.] ; (of 
the world) tencld-lcaibimku (^地 開 
闢). ' 

Creative, a. sdzoryoku (創造力) no 
aru ; genzdryoku (原 造 力) no anc. 

Creator, n. sdzosha (創造者) ; hatsu- 
meisha 凌 明 者); (God) zbhutsusha 
(造 物 者) ; zdbutsushu (造物主) ; tsu- 

Creature, n. mono ; iJdmono ; (con- 
temptuous term) y at si し 

all s, sekai-hamhutsu (世界 萬 

物) ; hanya (萬 有). 
Credeuee, n. shiny d (信用). 

to be unworthy of , s'kin wo 

oku ni tarinai. 

to present letters of (of an 

envoy), kolcusho (國 書) u'o hotel (捧 
呈) s. 

Credentials, n. shbko-gaki ; (of an 
envoy) sUnninjo (信任! 厌) ; (of others) 
i'li'^jd (委 t& 狀). 

Credible, a. sldazubekl ; sldnjlrareru ; 
shinyo (信 川) no deJciru. 

Credibility, n. sldnmhcki koto ; 
sliinjira vera koto. 

Credit, n. (belief, confidence) sJdnyd 
(信 ffi); (esteem) jimho (人 彘); (in 
"book-keeping) kashi-kata [Com. Co.j ; 
(renown) komei (高名) ; meil)d (名望) ; 
melsei (^g). 

sale, kake-uri [Com. Co.]. 

letter of , shinyd-jd ; sldnyb- 

hoshojo (保證 状). 

money due tor goods sold on 

, imkalce-daikm. 

to buy on , kake de kau ; 

kake ni torn. 

to have a balance, noJcori 

(/a aru ; zankin (殘 金) ga aru. 

to place to one's (at bank), 


to sell on , kake de aru ; 

icake-uri id s. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 202 ] 


Credit, t.v. (believe) shinyo (信用) s ; 
shinji-ru ; (set to the credit of) kashi- 
kata, or adzuke-kin, ni kuri-komu. 

Creditable, a. (estimable) hydban 
(fp^j) no memboku (面目) wo ; 
(meriting praise) kanshin (惑 や j 
subeki ; kampuku (惑 suheJci ; 

Creditable II ess, n. equiv. of Cre- 
ditable foil, by koto. 

Creditably, adv. (cleverly) hinsho 
(ま 捷) ?i《 ; (fairly well) kanari yoku. 

Credit-mobilier, n. kdgyd-ginkd 

Creditor, n. kashi-mishi ; saishu (債 

主) ; kashi-te. 
Credulity, n. sMnjl-yasui koto ; kei- 

shin iMim) ; mdshvi (妄信). 
Credulous, a., shinji-yasui. 

to be , IcarogarosMku shlnji- 


Creed, n. (political) shugi (主義) ; 
Seiko (政' 綱) ; (rengious) shinko-kajo 
(信仰 箇條) ; shinkyo (信. 經). 
apostles' , shizo-shmkyo ((^ 

徒 信 經). . 
Nicene , mkeya-s/nrikyo. 

Creek, n. (of the sea) irie ; (stream) 


Creel, n. lAku. 

Creep, i.v. hau ; harabau ; hofuku (HJ 
匐) s- 一 . 

to about (of an infirm 

person), yota-yota aruku. 

to in, hai-komu ; moguri- 


to out, hai'de-ru ; hai-dasu. 

Creeper, n. (plant) kadzura-mono. 

tree (ornith.), kihashiri [certhia 

familiar is]. 
Ci*eepiness, n. eqniv. of Creepy 

foil, by koto. 
Creepy, a. zoito suru ; usukimi-warui. 
Cremate, t.v. kwasd ('入 葬) s ; yaku. 
Cremation, n. kwasd. 

ground, kwasoha {ikMW ; 


Crematoriiiiu, n. kvxisd-ba. 

Cr^pe, n. T. Crape. 

Crepuscular, a. (evening) tasogare 
no ; kwdkon d^pO no ; (morning) mai- 
sd (昧爽 ) no ; reimei (索 明) no ; fukkya 
(拂嘵 ) no. 

Crescent, n. mikadzuki ; shingeisu 

Creseeiit-sliaped, a. mikadzuJcl- 
nari no ; shingetsu-kei (新月 形) no. 

Cress, n. (water) midzu-na ; midzu- 
seri ; midzu-tade ; tanetsuke-hana. 

Crest, n. (family) mon (紋) ; mon- 
doJcoro ; monjirushi ; kisho (徽早 j ; 
(of an ancient helmet) maidate ; (of 
a bird) tosalm. 

with. (of a haovi, letter-paper, 

etc.), mord sulci no. 

Crest-fallen, a. sosd (沮喪) shita ; 
iJcioi no nuketa ; (abashed) ma no 
nuketa ; manuke na ; ma-hyoshi no 

Crete, n. 

Cretonne, n. sarasa ; asa-ori no 

Crevice, n. vm、e-me ; sukima. 

Crew, n. (in a bad sense) nalcama ; 
(of a ship) nori-kurm-in [also a mem- 
ber of the ] ; norl-kumi no suiju 


Cricket, n. Jdrigirisu ; (game) 

hearth , korogi. 

Crier, n. kwdkokuya (廣 告屋) ; hiro- 

meya ; yomi-url. 
Crime, n. tsumi ; hanzai (犯罪) [Cr. 

Pro.] ; toga ; zaiaku (罪 惡) ; zaika 

(罪科); (felony) jfizai (重罪) [Cr. 


s act, cJiizaiho i^^^ll^). 

a is committed, zaialcu ga 


the locality of the commission 

of a , genkbcU (現行 地) ; han- 

' zaichi (犯罪 地). 
Crimea, n. * ; Kurimii. 
Criminal, n. zainin (罪 入);. hanzal- 
nin (犯罪 人); hanzaisha ; ioganin ; 
(convict) sliujin (囚人); meshi-udo. 
great , dai-akunin (-/ciS A)- 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 203 ] 


Criminal, a. (as distinct from civil) 
keiji- ; Jceljijd (刑事上) no. 

bureau for matters, kelji- 

it2/ofcw (刑事 局). 

code of procedure, ke'ji- 

soshoho (刑事訴訟法). 

case, keij i-hikoku-jiken (刑事 

被告 事件). 

code, kelhd (刑法). 

offence, hanzai (^cpp). 

、 revised code, kaisei-keiho 

(改正 刑法). 
C rim ina till a. tsvmi nifuku sase- 

Crimp, t.v. (form into plaits) nljhida 
wo tsuke-ru ; chijimase-ru. 

Crimson, a. makka no ; shojoJd (徑 
々^|l|0 no ; shinku (眞 |r) no. 

Crimson, n. makka ; snojohl. 

deep , shinkdsholcu (眞 紅色); 

shinku. ^ 

Cringe, i.v. hetsumu ; hei-hei s. 

Crinkle, i.v. chijimaru. 

Cripple, n. kataica ; fuguslia (不具 
者) ; (lame) chimba ; bikko ; (lame in 
both legs) izari ; (wounded bird or 
beast) te-oi. 

Cripple, t.v. fugu (不具) ni s ; (fig.> 
oio/kata-ashi ico ioru ; no/iJdoi wo 

to be d (fig., speaking of one's 

self), wo mogarete orii. 

Crisis, n. (of a disease) toge ; yama ; 
(political) kiJcyu (危急) no toki ; JciJci 
(危 期); Idkyu-somhb (危急存亡) ? 
toki ; jikyoku (事局). 

Crisp, a. (as, bank-notes) pari-mri 
suru ; (of hair) chijireia ; (of paper, 
silk, etc.) shiwa no yotia. 

Crispness, n. chijireia koto ; shlica 
no yotta koto. 

Criterion, n. jd(jl ; hydjun (標準) ; 
Mku (規矩). 

to take as a , ni yotte kessuru. 

Critic, n. (connoisseur), kanteisha (鑑 
定者) ; giKjansha (具 者) ; mekiki ; 
(literary) hihybka (批評家) ; hyoron- 
sha (評論 者). 

adverse , akuhyosha (惡評 

家) ; hiboska (誹謗 者). 

Critical, a. (dangerous) kiicadoi ; 
ayaui ; Jcikyu (危急) na ; kiki-ippaisu 
(危期 一 IS) ; (having skill to discrimi- 
nate) kanshikl (鑑 ま) no aru : (in- 
clined to find fault) ? nhyddzvkl na ; 
(of illness) Jdtoku (危篤) na- 

at the moment, rmsaJca no 

toki ni. 

day (for the crops), yakubi. 

when the moment arrives, 

sono mag he a ni naiie. 

Cl'itically, adv. (accurately) kanshUci 
de ; seimfzsw (精密) ni ; foku io. 

Criticise, t.v. (adversely) hinan, s ; 
(an argument) hempaku (辯 駭) s ; 
(judge whether an article is genuine 
or not) kantei (翁 監定) s ; mekiki s ; 
(review) hihyd s ; hybro.i (評 

論) s ; rompyb (論 f,) s 

Criticism, n. hihyd ; (adverse) Idnaii 
(批難) ; (art of judging whether an 
article is genuine or not) kante い jutsu 
(鑑定 f?) ; (judgment passed) hydron ; 
iiihyo ; (of an argument) "bempaku. 

Critique, n. kantei (鑑定) : 7iihy5 (批 
評) ; km-elsu (檢 11). 

Croak, i.v. (of crows) Jcl-ka to naku ; 
(of frogs) mtku. 

Croaking', n. naJdgoe. 

Crocliet, n. ippon-harl ; (oi innsic) 
shilm-omim (四分音符). 

Crockery, n. tsucMyaki ; setomojio ; 
idki (陶器) ; (unglazed) svyaki ; r/walcl 

(瓦 器). ■ 

ware shop, sefomonoya ; io- 


Crocodile, n. wanL 

tears, som-nakl. ; sora- 


Cromlech, n. kogosekl (神 fl 石). 
Crone, n. shhca-kucha hahd : rdh'i 

Crook, t.v. mage-ru ; yur/cme-ru. 

Crook, n. magari. 

by hook or by , ん) (鬼) mo 

kaku (角 ) WK). 
Crook-back, n. senmshi. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 謝 ] 


Crooked, a. magatta ; yuganda ; 
unerikunetta ; (morally) yokoshima 
na ; fusel (不正) 蘭 ; jakyoku (邪曲) 

CroolvOdly, adv. magatte ; yugande ; 
unerikunetie ; (morally) yokoshima ni ; 
fusel (不正) ni ; jakyoku ni. 

Crookedness, n. rmgatia koto ; (of 
morals) fusel ; jakyoku ; yokoshima. 

Crop, n. (of a bird) ehukuro ; (yield of 
errain) deki ; saku ; tori-ire ; shfi- 
kwaku (收 獲). 

bad , kyonen (凶年);/" saAnt 

(不作); kyosaku. 

good , hdnen (蠻 年) ; hdsaku. 

the s, sakumotsu (f^ キ 勿). 

Urop, i.v. karu ; (of beasts) tahe-ra ; 

Crop-out, i.v. de-ru ; araicare-ru ; 
"ゾ e れ (出現) s. 

Crosier, n. shakujd (翁 杖) ; (formerly 

carried by priests of the Zen sect) 

nyoi (如意). 
Cross, n. (figure) jilji ; jumonji (十 文 

字) ; jiljVce'i (十字形) ; {gihhet) jiljika 


red society, sekinljisha [^; 

十字 社). 

Cross, a. (peevish) konjo (根' | 靑) no 
icarui ; iji (意地) no u'ar'iii ; (trans- 
verse) yoko no. 

he is to-day, ano hito ica kyo 

wa choshi (調子) get tear id. 
to "be , jire'ru. 

Cross, t.v. (cheque) ni/s'uji wo hlku ; 
ni/semhiJd (線 弓 1) ico s ; (a hill) kosu ; 
koe-ru ; (a river) icataru ; (put a- 
thwart each, other) hutchi-gae-ru ; 
hutchigae ni s ; kosa (交 乂) s ; 
(thwart) samatage-ru ; ni/jama wo s ; 
^ogai (:(^ 害) s. . 

ed cheque, semUki-kogitte. 

to a daimyo's procession, 

saici ICO kiru ; tomo-cjiri ico s. 

to one another (and so not 

meet), iki-chigau. 

to out, kem ; tomatsu (涂抹 ) 


to the path of, nolmichi ico 

kiru, or 'yokogiru. 

Cross-action, n. ha 請 (反 旨 斤) [Civ. 

Cross-beam, n. volcohari. 

Cross-bill, n. (bird) isiika. 

Cross-bred, a. zasshu (雜 種) no. 
horse, zasshu-mna. 

Cross-breed, t.v. no/tane u'o maze' 

Cross-eximiinatioii, n. Htsumon 
(誥 問); (law) hantai-jimmon (反對 訊 

Cross-exaiiiiiie, t.v. Idtsumon s. 
Cross-eyed, a. yahu-nirame na. 
a person, yahu-nirami. 

Cross-fire, n. (mil.) kosha (交 § す). 
Cross-grained, a. (perverse) igan- 

da ; henkutsu (婦 屈) na ; nejiketa ; 


Crossing', n. (on a railway) fumi- 

Cross-legged, a, to sit . • .... , agura 
ICO kaku. 

Crossly, adv. ijl-waruhu ; mutto shite. 
Crossness, n. iji-icand koto. 
Cross-piece, n. (wooden) yokogi ; 

C ros s-purpose s, n. to be at , 

mnjun (矛 s. 
Cross-question, t.v. toi-tsume-ru ; 
Idtsumon (誥 問) s ; 卞 Mkitsu (對 詰) 

Cross-road, n. yokomicJd ; yokochd. 

s, yotsu-kado ; yotsu-suji. 

Cross-Stitcli, t.v. chidorl-fjake ni 

Or OSS- trees, n. (of a ship) yokogi. 
Cross-Avise, adv. yoko ni ; yokosama 

ijrotcli, n. mata ; mata-gura. 
Crotchety, a. mono-dzuki 鶴. 
Crotoii-oil, n. hadzu-yu. 

Oroiicli, i.v. shagamu ; udzuktmiaru ; 
koshi no hagame-ru ; kiissuru ; kogo- 
mu ; chiisaku naru. 

Croup, n. (med.) IjaUfii (馬脾 風丄 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 205 ] 


Crow, n. Imrasu. 

carrion , hashiboso-</arasu ; 


Japan , hashihuto-garasu. 

CrOAV, i.v. naku ; toki ico tsukuru. 

Crowbar, n. kana-teko. 

Crowl, i.v. yori-atsumaru ; (junshii 
(群集), or ひ unju, wo nasu ; muragaru. 

to togetlier, shfigo (集合) 

s ; (jostling) oshi-au ; (noisily) 
(lotatsuku ; qota-qota s ; zatto (雑 

ま . . 

to into, ni/oshi-iru. 

Crowd, n. dzei no hito ; gwiju (群 
集) ; zatto (雜沓 ) ; sJiugd (集合) ; hito 
no yama. 

Crowd, t.v. tsume-ru. 

to in, tsume-komu. 

to out, oshi-dasu. 

to be ed out by (one com- 
modity by another), no tame nijattb 
(厭 §!]) sare-ru. 
Crowded, a. (in a good sense) nuji- 
yaka na ; (inconveniently) tsumatta ; 
(of buildings, close together) cliii- 
mitsu (稠密) net. 

a house (theatre, etc.), oiri. 

to be , konde oru. 

to get , komi-au. 

Crown, n. (of a Sovereign) kam- 
muri ; teikwan (帝冠) ; blcwan (王冠) ; 
(of a hat) yama ; (of a mountain) ita- 
daki ; toge ; zetcho (絕 項) ; (of the 
head) teppen. 

colony, chokkatsu-shokimiin- 

<-hi (直轄 民 地). 

order of the , hdkicanshd (寶 

冠 窣). • 
Crown, t.Y. niltaihwanshild (戴冠式) 
wo okonau ; (put the crown on) m/ 
Icammuri ico kabuse'TU. 

to be ed with, success, soyio 

led (効) ICO so (奏) s. 

to all, ageku no hate ni. 

Crowning', n. taikicanshiki (戴冠式). 
Crown-prince, n. Kwbiaisld (皇太 

子) ; T-ogu (東宮) [in Japan]. 
CrOAV's-feet, n. mejirl no sJiiwa. 
Crucible, n. rutsuho ; kankica (ifl* 

堝 )• 

Crucifix, n. jiljika (十字架) —'w zd 

Crucifixiou, n. hari-isuke. 

Crucify, t.v. hari-tsuke ni s ; liarl- 
tsuke ni kake-ru ; takusatsu 殺) s ; 
(of Christ) jiljika (十字架) ni kake-ru. 

Crude, a. '謹 na no ; (chem.) Jci- ; 
sosei (粗製) no ; (coarse) soaJcu (粗 
惡) no ; (fig.) mijuku na ; asahaka 
na ; sempaku Ov-!^) na ; sosotsu (草 
卒) na ; (rudely made) somatsu (組 
tK) 鶴' 

petroleum, kl seJciyu. (生 石 

M; りノ" (重 袖). 

Uriidely, adv. mijuku ni ; asahaka 
ni ; sempaku ni ; sosotsu ni ; somatsu 

Crudeuess, n. (fig.) mijukuj sem- 
paku ; asahaka na koto ; sosotsu ; 

Cruel, a. mugoi ; muzan (無 殘) na ; 
zankoku (殘 g^) na ; kakoku (^@|) 
na ; mujd (無 1§) na ; nasake no nai ; 
mujihi (無慈悲) net ; jaken は!^ 見) net.. 

Cruelly, adv. mugoku ; muzan ni ; 
zankoku ni ; kakoku ni ; mujo nl ; 
nasakenaku ; mujihi ni ; jaken ni. 

Cruelty, n. mugoi-me ; muzan ; ka- 
koku ; mujd ; nasake no nai koto ; 
mujihi ; jaken ; (cruel treatment) 
gyakutai (虐待). 

Cruet-stand, n. yakumi-tate. 

Cruise, i.v. junko (巡行) s ; j 着 yd (巡 
洋) s; ~\ yilyokMmi) s. 

Cruise, n. junko ; junyd. 

Cruiser, n. junydkan (巡 洋蟬 ). 

armoured , junyo-kotetsukan 

(巡 洋甲鐵 艦) ; sokd-junyokan (装甲 
巡洋艦). 一 

first-class , itto {—^)junyo' 


second-class , nlto 、二等) 


third-class , santd (三等) J'""- 


Crumb, n. kudzu ; kake ; hahen (被 
片) ; shdhen (小片) ; (as opp. to crust) 

Crumble, i.v. kudzure-ra ; kake-ru. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 203 ] 


Crumble, t.v. momi-kudaJai ; kudzu- 
su ; kona ni s. 

Crumple, t.v. shiwa ni s. 

to be d, shiwa ni nam. 

to in the hand, momu. 

to up (as paper), momi-kuclia 

ni s. ' 

Crupper, n. shirl-gai. 

Crusade, n. jujigim (ナキ 軍). 

to make a ag'ainst, icojkd- 

i/eki (攻擊 ) s. 

Crush, t.v. oshi-isuhusu ; (by bad 
government) assei (壓 政) s ; (fig.) 
assuru ; oshi-tsuhusu ; atto (壓 ©1) s ; 
appaku (麼 迫) .9. 

to out (an epidemic), hoJcu- 

metsu (撲滅) s. 

to with, the hand, tsukami- 

Jcoicasu ; nigiri-tsuhusu. 

Crush, n. zattb ; komi-ai ; oshi-ai ; 
[these words cannot be used in the 
nominatlYe case]. 

Crust, n. kawa. 

Crustacean, n. kdra ; kdkaku-dd- 

(甲殻 動物). 
Crustily, adv. iji-icaruku ; nejikurete. 

Crusnness, n. ijl no warui koto ; 
nejikureta koto. 

OrilSty, a. (peevish) iji no icarui ; 

Crutcll, n. shumoku-dzne ; shimohu 


Crux, n. (in a book or writing) nanjo 
(難所) ; (in a problem) 龍 ten (Blh)- 
Cry, t.v. to down, kenasu ; 

soshiru ; hibo (諍き 誘) s. 
Cry, i.Y. naku ; namida wo Jcohosu. 

to out, koe ICO dasu ; sakehu ; 

(with a loud voice) daikatsu-issei 

(大喝 ー聲) s. 
Cry, n. (call) koe ; yoU-goe ; (sound 
of crying) naJci-goe ; sakebi-goe. 

a single , hito-koe. 

Cry-baby, n. naki-mushi, 

Cryptomeria, n. sugi. 

Crystal, n. (chem.) kesshotai (結晶 
J$) ; (rock) suisho (水晶). 

Crystalline, a. tomei (透明) ? w ; 
suki-tdtta ; chosei (澄 淸) na. 

Crystallization, n. kesshd. 

Crystallize, i.y. kesshd s ; * kaia- . 

Crystallize, t.v. kesshd sase-ru ; 

Crystallized, a. (in sugar) satd- 
dzuke no. 

sugar, kori-zatd. 

Cub, n. Jco. 

Cube, n. saigata ; rippdiai (立方 |$) ; 
(arith.) rippdseJd (立 :^積). 

Cube, n root, rippokon (立方 

根) ; sanjdkon (三乘 根). 
Ciibeb, n. hihafsu ; kachdka. 

Cubic, a. one foot, isshaku-rippo 

(一尺 立方). 
Cubical, a. rlirpd no ; rippotai (立方 
脉) no. 

Cuckoo, n. (cuculus canorus) kak- 
ko-dori ; (c. himalayanus) tsidsu- 
dori ; (c. hj-pery thvus) jrdchi ; masu- 
hakari ; (c. polioceplialus) hototogisu ; 
token (杜鵑). 

Cucumber, n. Jduri. 

Cud, n. to chew the , nire- 


C 11(1 die, t.v. daku ; dakko s ; dalci- 
daki s [two last children's words]. 

Cudgel, n. ho ; komho (棍棒). 

to take up the s for, u*o/ 

hengo (辨 H) s ; ni/kasei (力 n 勢) s. 
Cudgel, t.v. ni/bd wo hurawase-ru ; 
hb de utsu. 

to one's brains, no ico 

nayame-ru ; no wo shiboru. 
Cue, n. (of head-dress) mage ; (bill- 
iard) * ; tamaisiiki-bd ; (trace) te-ga- 

Cuff, n. * ; sode-kuchi ; sode-berl. 
Cuff, t.v. te no hira de idsu ; haru. 
Cuirass, n. do (胴). 
Clil-de-sac, n. fukuro-machi ; iJci- 

Culinary, a. (pertaining to cooking) 
rydrihd 理?^ ) no ; rydri-jutsu (料 
術) no ; (pertaining to kitchen) dai- 
dokoro no. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ le 

― ^ つ そ 'yr ^ ん 一 :ゾミ にぞ ' > で 

OUL [ 207 1 OFP 

Cull, t.Y. toni ; nuku ; hiki-nuku ; 
(flowers) mv.shiru ; (from a book) 
hassui (^2^) s. 

Clillliiiiate, i.Y. (astron.) shigosen 
(子午線) ni itaru ; (end) shiVcyoku (終 
極) s ; (reach acme) kyokutan (極端) 
ni naru. ' 

Culmination, n. (astron.) shigosen 
ni itaru koto ; (fig.) kyokudo (極度) ; 
kyokuten (極 點). 

Culpability, n. fa-todoH na koto ; 
semu-beki koto ; yuzai (有罪). 

Culpable, n. fa-todold na ; semu- 
heki ; yuzai na. 

to toe , {deserving blame) ica] 

seme ga am ; ica^ sekinin (貴 1^) ga 
aru ; (criminal) ica] tsiimi ga aru. 

Culprit, n. (criminal) zainin (罪人) ; 
hanzai-nin (ざ [i 罪人) ; tsumi-Mto ; toga- 
nin ; (person guilty of a fault) kica- 
shitsusha (過:^ 者). 

Cultivate, t.y. isukuru ; (a beard) 
hayasu ; (devote attention to) shugyd 
(修業) s ; osame-ru ; 卞 《なお uma (J 永 磨) 
s ; 卞?' emma (練磨) s ; (tea, tobacco, 
etc.) haiyd (培養) s ; saibai (裁 培) s ; 
(till, of fields) tagayasu ; (foster) ydsei 
(養成) s. ' 

to a taste for art in the 

lower classes, katd-shakicai ni 
hijiitsu-shisd (美 |}5 思想) v:o okosase- 

Cultivated, a. (fig.) shuyd (修養) 湖 
aru ; kyoiku (拿 女 育) no aru ; bung a 
(文雅) na. 

Cultivation, n. kdmlcu (菊 j: 作) ; 
tarjayashl ; (of tea, etc.) baiyd ; 

area under , sakutsuke-tam- 

(作付 段別). 

to bring" under , kaikon (開 

懇) s ; (開 發) s. 

Culture, n. (fig.) shuyd ; kvdiJm ; 
kyokica 《教化) ; JcaiJcwa (開化) ; (of a 
microbe) baiyo (培養). 

physical , iaiiku 育). 

Cumber, t.Y. (embarrass) komarase- 
ru ; icadzurawasu ; Icurushime-ru ; 
(obstruct) fusage ru ; v. Encumber. 

Cumbersome, a. kascibatia ; (tron- 
blesome) wadzurawashii ; mendd- 

to be , kasaharu. 

Cumulative, a evidence, 

. fukusho (復證 )• 

Cumulus, n. seJciJcican-an (積卷 雲). 

Cuimilig', n. saru-jie ; kokatsu (狡 
IP) ; (skill) ude ; udemae ; giryo (技 

Gunniu.^', a. kosui ; kokatsu na ; 
warugashiJcoi ; dzurui ; (in a good 
sense) takumi na ; giryo no aru ; ude- 
' mete no aru. 

workmanship, myogi (妙 

技). ' 
C imnin s*li aniia sinensis, koyd- 
zan ; oranda-inomi. 

Cunningly, adv. kosuku ; kokatsu 
ni ; icarugashiJcoku ; dzuruJcu ; (in a 
good sense) takumi ni. 

Cup, n. wan (槐) ; (of an acorn) choko ; 
(of foreign make) koppu ; (prize) sho- 
hai (賞金) ; [sake] sakadzuki ; choko 
[properly choJcn] ; (tea) chaican (茶 

and call, Jcendama ; imdd- 


one of, i'ppai (一流). 

parting- …… , hepimi (別 虚); 
wakare no sakadzuJci. 

to be in one's s, sake ni 


to "be quarrelsome in one's 

s, led] sake no ue ga warui. 

to return a (after drinking 

from it at another's invitation), Jiem- 
pai (返 ® s. 

Cup, t.v. nilsui-fv.kuhe, or sxddama, wo 

Cupboard, n. oshi-ire ; todana ; (for 

food) nedzumi-iradzu ; [a small 

under the kokahe is called f'ukuro- 

on the floor, ji-hukuro. 

Cupidity, n. donyoku (貪 愁) ; dan- 
ran (貧 姜) ; donshin (貪, じ、). 

Cupola, n. 

Cuppiug-glnss, n. sid-fukuhe ; sul- 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 



[ 208 ] 


Curable, a. to "be , naorase ru. 

Carate, n. hokushi-ho (牧師 補 )• 

Curator, n. (of museum) kwanrinin 
(管 * 人); (of person legally incom- 
petent) hosa-nin (保 佐 人.) [Civ. Co.]. 

Curb, t.v. osae-ru ; sei (制) s. 

Curb, n. torli-bami ; tome-tadzuna ; 
(fig. restraint) kihan (竊 紗) ; (of a 
path) fuchi-ishi ; (of a well) ido-gaica ; 

stone, hadowe-ishi. 

Curd, D. bean , tofu (豆腐). 

Curdle, i.y. katamaru. 

Cure, t.v. naosu ; rybji (據' ? "台) s ; chi- 
ryd (、冶 療) s ; (dry) himono ni s. 

to be d (of a disease), naorii. 

to be d of, ni./Icorl-kori s. 

to be perfectly , zmkwai (全 

i^) s ; hombuku (本復) s ; zenyu i 全 
癒) s. 一 

Cure, n. (being cured) naoru koto ; 
(curing) rydji (療殆 ) ; chiryo (殆 #:)• 
complete , zenji 殆). 

Curio, n. see Curiosity. 

Curiosity, n. (inquisitiveness) koki- 
shin (好奇心) ; mono ico kikitagaru 
koto ; monodzuki ; (manufacture or 
product peculiar to a locality) mei- 
huisu (名物) ; meisan (名 產); (rarity) 
medzurashii mono ; kibutsu (奇 物) ; 
metta ni nai mono. 

ies (curios), kottdhln {'WMm) ; 


a , chlnki (珍 器). 

an ancient , jidai-mono. 

dealer, doguya ; kottdya (骨 

董屋 )' 

hunter, dd<ju-dzuki. 

shop, doqv.ya ; kottbten ('き 董 

店). ' 

morbid (to see a horror), 

Curious, a. (inquisitive) kdJcishin は 了' 
奇心) no aru ; sensaku (穿鑿) dzuki 
na ; mono ico kikitagaru ; monodzuki 
na ; (queer) kitai (香 体) na ; kn (奇 
異) na ; (rare) medzurashii ; metia ni 
denai ; kimyd (奇妙) na. 

Curiously, adv. (inquisitively) mono- 
dzuki ni f kiJcitagatte ; shiritagatte ; 
(queerly) kitai ni ; kii ni ; (with nice 
care) seikd は jlf 巧 j ni ; komyo (巧妙) 

Cliriousiiess, n. (exactness of work- 
manship) Seiko (精巧) ; kdmyd. 

Curl, i.v. (of smoke) maki-agaru ; (of 
waves) une'VU ; udzumaku ; chijire-ru. 

to up (as, a piece of paper), 


Curl, t.v. chijlrase-ru ; hineru. 

to \ itself up (of a cat), maru- 

ku nam. 

Curl, n. (of liair) chljlre-ke ; makige ; 
cliijiregami ; (of waves) uazumakl. 

CurleAV, n. (numenms lineatus) o- 
jaku-shigi ; (n. minor) shaku-shigi ; 
(n. Yariegatus) kojaJcu-shigi. 

Curly, a. chijireta. 
Curliuess, n. chijireta koto. 

Currency, n system, heisel 


metal , tsuyo-kicahel (通用 貨 

幣) ; tsiikwa (通 貪). , 

paper , satsu (礼) ; shihei (紙 

幣) ; chohei (姥幣 ). 
Current, n. ryidsil (流通) ; JcijunjCi 
(急流) ; (of water) nagare ; chdry fi (潮 
流) ; kyuryii ; (fig.) choryu. 

electric , denryu (電流). 

the Black (off Japanese 

coast), Kuro-shio. 
Current, a. (fashionable) ryukd (流 
fj) no ; hayari no ; (present) genkon 
(現今) ? 10 ; 'bna no ; id- (當) ; gen- 
(現) ; [the last two in Chinese com- 

a word, tsuyd-koioha ; tsugo 

(通語) ; futsii (蒈 通) no Icotoha. ' 
account, tom-adzulcari ; (be- 
tween traders) kdgo-keisan (交互 gt 
算) [Com. Co.]. 

expenditure, keihi (經 費) ; 

keljdM (經常 費). 

month, togetsu (當 月); koa- 

fjetsu (今月); hongdsu (本 月). 

price, jika (時 償). 

report, iorisata ; fuhyd (風 

評) ; wcasa ; filsefsu {MM)- 

Hosted byLjOOQle 


[ 209 ] 


year, ionen ; kotoshi ; konnen 

(今年) ; honmn (本年). 

petty account, Jwguchi-tdza. 

to be …… , isiiyd (通用) s; (of a 
rumour) seken ("fe 間 j ni okonaware- 
ru, or rufu (流布) .<? ; (of a word) 

Currently, adv. tsune nl ; ippan (一 
般) ni ; amaneku ; fsujite ; zoku (fe) 

Curriculum, n. Jacatei (課程) ; r/aJc- 
ico-kwamoku (學校 課 ほ). ' 

Curry, t.y. (a horse) no/(e-ire wo s ; 
no pee ICO Icosuru ; (leather) namesu. 

to favour with, oii/kobi-ru ; 

ni/kobi-heisurau ; ni/o bekka ico 

Curry, n. kare. 

Currycomb,' n. umaquslii (馬 梳); 
uma r - ' - - ' . 

OUrse, n. (of man) noroi ; juso (PJJ 
W ; (of the gods) tatari ; hachi. 

s come home to roost, hito 

100 norowaha anafutatsu. 

to incur a , ni]bachi ga aiaru 

[E. subj. + J. obj.] ; tatari ico uke- 

Curse, t.v. (invoke harm against) 

this . い... d fellow, kono bacJii- 

Cursive, a hand, sbsho (草書); 

hayagaki (疾 筆). 
Cursorily, adv. zatto ; sdsotsu (倉卒) 

ni; keisotsu (輕卒 ) ni ; soso (匆々 ) 

ni ; soryaku (睡畧 ) ni. 

Cursoriuess, n. equiv. of Cursory 
foil, by koto. 

Cursory, a. zatto shita ; chotto shiia ; 
sosoisu na ; keisotsu na ; soryaku na. 

uurt, a. huaiso (不愛 相) na ; temijika 
na ; sokkenai ; tototsu (唐突) 、m ; 
bukJciraho na [vtilg.]. 

Curtail, t.v. herasu ; isume-ru ; hasho- 
nt; mijiJmku s ; setsugen (節 减) s; 
mijikame'ru ; shoryaku (省 唇) s. 
to privileges, kenri (權 利) 


Curtain, n. malm (幕) [a.n. hari] [a 
long piece of cloth, stretched on poles 
in the open air, or hung over a door- 
way] ; (at a theatre) maku ; kiki- 
maku ; (awning over a shop-front) 
noren (野 簾) [a.n. kake]. 

window , mado-kake [a.n. 

kumi] ; as, 

a pair of …… s, mado-kake hiio- 

Curtly, adv. huaiso ni ; iemijika ni ; 
sokkenaku ; huklcirahd ni. 

Curtness, n. huaiso ; soJckenctsa. 

Curvature, n. icanJcyoku (變 曲); 
(degree of) kyokudo (曲度). 

Curve, n. kosen (ま 瓜 線) ; yumi-nari ; 
nahedzuru-nari ; kuokusen (曲線) ; (of 
a sword) sort. 

Curve, t.Y. mage-ru ; (upward) sorase- 

d sword, wankyokii-td (變曲 

刀) ; sori-katana. 

cL trajectory, imnhyolcu-dan- 

dd (蠻 曲彈 道). り 

to toe a, magaru ; (upward) 

. soru. ' 

Cushion, n. (for sitting on) zahuton 
(座 寧圈) ; shitone. 
air , kiVci-makura. 

Custodian, n. hannin (番人); (of a 
museum) Icwanrlmn (蔡 ま^ 人). 

Custody, n. (of persons) kanshu (監 
守) ; kango (監護) ; (of things) ho- 
Jcwan (保管). 

to be in the of, ni/adzukete 

aru ; (of the police) no/kcmshi (看 
視) ni natte oru. 

chRTge for , liolamnryo (保 

管 料). 

to give into the of (of 

things, etc.), niladzukete oku. • 

to keep in , kdryil (拘留) s ; 

kbldn (拘 s. 

to take into , kdln (拘弓 j) s ; 

inchi (引致) s. 

Custom, n. (legal term) kwanshu (慣 
智) [Civ. Co.] ; (practice) shikitari ; 
shiikican (習 ; nare ; (practice of 
frequenting a shop) tokui ; (usage) 

Hosted by 



[ 210 ] 


fuzoku (風俗) ; fiisM (風習) ; shiik 議 i 
(習慣) ; ffifji (風儀) ; kwanrei (慣例) ; 
narawas れ I ; /な (き 

bad ..... s, akuhei (惡 弊) ; heishi't 

(弊習) ; akasM (惡 習). 

old ...... S, kyilhei (葡 弊). 

Customarily, adv. tsurei (通例) ; 
fudan (不斷 ) ; tsune m ; narawasm ni 
yotte ; tsiljo (通常); heijd (平常); 
atarimae ni. 

Customary, a. isUrei no ; atarimae 
no ; tsune no ; tsujd (通常) no ; rei 
(例) no ; heijd (平常) no; shiikwan 
(習 tS) れ ; narawashi no. 

it is to , icafutsu, 

or tsune, de aru. 
Customer, n. kyaku (客) ; (mer- 
chant) torihiki-saki (取引先) ; (pur- 
chaser) kai-te. 

constant , tokui ; tokui-sala ; 


Custom-liouse, n. zelkican (税關 ). 

Customs, n. zeikwan (税關 ). . 

commissioner of , zeUcv:an- 

cho (晚關 長). , 1 . が 7 _ 

conventional tariff, kyo- 

tei-zeiritsu (協定 税率). 

bureau, kwanzei-kyoku (關ぉ i 


.... duties, kwanzei ; mikwanzel 

(海 關税 ). 、ふ 

law, kwanze'mo (轉 税法). 

tariff, kaikicanzeisoku (? 每關 

税 則). 

Out, n. (of a garment) shiiate-kata ; 
tachi-kata ; (road or passage made by 
cutting) kiri-ddshi ; (wound) kin- 

slight (wound), asade ; usu- 


Cut, t.v. Jciru ; tatsu [used only of 
things in sheets, as, ■woven fabrics, 
leather, or paper] ; (a canal) kai- 
saku (開鑿) 5; (dig) horu ; (hair) 
karu ; (mow) karu. 

to he about to ......, kiri-kakaru. 

to "be up about, wo/zannen- 


to across, yoko ni kini. 

to a dash, omote wo haru ; 

gwaikwan (夕 ト觀) wo kazaru ; mie 
ICO ham. 

to a figure, medatsu. 

to and scatter, wolkiri- 


to asunder,, 

to cards, karuta wo Jciru. 

to down, (a thing suspend- 
ed) kiri-otosu ; (a tree, or a man) 
Iciru ; kiri-taosu ; (pay or expenses) 
kedzuru ; herasu ; seisugen (節' 减) 
s ; genji'TU. 

to ...... down the price, negiru. 

to eacli other (lit.), kiri-an. 

to fine, komalca ni kiru ; 


to into bits, km-kuclaku ; 


to into little bits, sanzan 

(散々) れ も kiru ; dzuda-dzuda ni 

to off, kiri-otosu ; (destroy) 

tayasu ; danzetsu (斷絕 ) sase'ru ; 
(of troops, etc.) setsudan (切 斷) s ; 
shadan (ま 斷) s. 

to one's way through, wo! 


to one's wisdom teeth, 

wa\ke fja hae-ru [Yulg.]. . 

to open, (a boil) nolhiichi ivo 

aJce-ru ; (the body) kiri-hiraku. 

to out, kiri-nuku ; (a cancer) 

Jciri-dasu ; (carve) horu ; chokoku 
(彫 亥 l】) s ; (clothes) tatsu ; (sup- 
plant) dashinuku [vulg.]. 

to short, (abbreviate) tsume- 

ru ; hasJioru ; (what one is saying 
one's self) tsudzume'ru ; (what some- 
one else is saying) noiha 滅 shi wo 

to teeth, ica]ha ga hae-ru. 

to to pieces, (annihilate) 

osatsu (塵 殺) s ; mina-goroshi ni s. 

to up, kiri-saku ; (criticize) 

kokuhyd (I 告評) s. • 

to with scissors, hasami- 

kiru ; hasamu. 

Cut, i.v. kire-ru. 

to at, nilJciri-kake-ru. 

to badly, kirenai. 

to into, nilkiri-komu. 

to well, yoku kire-ru. 

Cutaneous, a. kaica no. 

disease, hifuhyo (皮 "病). 

Cutcli, n. asen-yaku (阿 仙 藥). 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 211 ] 


Cute, a. k'lbln (機敏) na ; suhayai. 
Cuticle, n. uwakaim ; hydhi (表皮), 
uutler, n. hamono-lcaji. 
Cutlery, n. hamom. 

a sliop, hamonoya ; kana- 


Cut-purse, n. k'uichakliri; suri ; 
chi ひ [Kyoto]. 

Cutting*, n. (of a canal, road, etc.) 
kaisaku (開鑿) ; (of a newspaper) 
Jcirl-nuki ; bassui ぐ 辨萃) ; (of a plant) 
sashi-ki ; (of a railroad) Jciri-doshi ; 
(of cloth) tachl-kudzu ; (of metal) 

Cutting', a. (severe) kokurefsu (UM^) 
na ; Icibislm ; mi ico kiru yd na. 

Cuttlefish, n. (octopus) tako [a.n. 
hai (承)] ; (sepia) ika [a.n. hal (盃 )]. 
dried , sv.rume. 

Cutting-out, n. (of clothes) tacU- 

CutAVOriii, n. nekiri-miishi 

Cycle, n. tenkican (轉 環). 

one (of Japanese chronology), 

ikkoshi (一甲 子) ; ichigen (一元). 

Cyclist, n. jitensha-norl. 

Cyclone, n. fsumvjl-krm ; semjiil (旋 

Cyclopedia, n. hyakkica-zensho (百 
科 全書). 

Cylinder, n. chdenkel (長圓 形) ; (of a 
machine) Jcito (i 鹿 筒) ; enfd (圓 筒). 

Cylindrical, a. ento (圓 筒) narl no ; 
chdenkel (長圓 形) ク io. 

Cymbals, n. nyilhachi ; surlg 讀. 

Cynara scolymus, chdsen-azapu. 

Cyplier, n. (monogram) kudzushi- 
gaki ; (number) silji (數 字); (secret) 
ango (喑號 ) ; (used by tradesmen) 
fuchd (符牒) ; (zero) ret (零). 

telegram, ango-dempo (暗? 虎 


Cyst, n.fuJcuro. 

D, n. (No. 4) fel (丁). 

Dal), t.v. (with a wet rag) shitorasu. 

Dabble, i.v. (in water) midzu-Uadzura 

wo s ; hocha-hocha s ; (in miid) hata- 

bata s. 

to in (fig.), rdlatama v:o isuk- 


l>abchiek, n. moguri ; ka'itsumuri. 

I>ace, n. (leuciscus macropiis) haya ; 
hae ; (1. liaktiensis) ugui. 

Dacoits, n. dohi (土匪). 

Dacldy-longrleg'S, n. seiUika-musld. 

Dado, n. koshi-havL 

Daffodil, n. ki-zuisen (J|7]c 仙). 

Dag"g'er, n. tanto (短刀); aikucJd ; 
(carried in the bosom) kwaiken (懷 
M) ; (short sword formerly worn at 

the side) icaki-zashi ; (formerly worn 
with katana and icakizashi) yoroi- 
doshi ; (printer's sign) ken (^). 

to look s, me nl kado-tate-ru. 

Daliliii, n. tenjiku-hofan (天竺牡丹). 
Daily, adv. hibi-hibi ; hibi ni ; mai- 

nichi (每 曰); (clay by day more) hi- 

mashi ni. 

Daily, a. MM no ; mainichi no ; (in 
daily use) nichiyo (曰 用) no ; nichijo 
( 曰 常) no. 

allowance, nitto (日 當). 

necessaries, nichiydhin ( 日 


ration, hibi no ategai. 

wage, nUckyn (曰 給)' 

Daily, n. (newspaper) nlkkan- 
sAim?n"i( 日刊新聞). 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 212 ] 


Dainty, a. (agreeable to the palate) 
oishii ; umai ; fiimi (風味) no yoi ; 
(elegant) kyasha (華 na ; (fas- 
tidious regarding food) tabemono no 

to "be , eri-kirai wo s. 

Dainty, n. umai-mono ; himi (美味), 
to be fond of ...... ies, Mshoku 

(美食) s. 

Dairy, n. chichi-ya ; gyunyu-ya ; gyu- 

nyu-sakush'ujo (牟 乳棒 取 所). 
Dairyman, n. chicJdya. 
Dais ,!! .j5cZ"?i( 上段); koseki (高 席); 

(at a story-teller's) kdza (高座). 

Daisy, n. eimei-giku (英命 菊), 
ox-eye , fiu,ansu-(jiku. 

I>ally, i.v. (idle) guzutsuku. 
to with, nilfuzake'ru. 

Dam, n. (barrier) seki (Jg) ; (of 

horses, as dist. from sire) hara. 
Dam, t.v. seki-tome-ru ; nijseki ico s, 
Damage, n. (injury) kidzu ; songai 
(損害) ; kiso れ (毁 損) [Com. Co.] ; (by 
fire, flood, etc.) higai (被害); (by 
flood) suigai bjc 害) ; (to a building, 
ship, etc.) hason (破 援) ; (to crops, 
etc.) ひ (害); (loss) son (|t) ; (com- 
pensation for) tsugunoi-kin ; songai- 
haisho (損害賠償) ; songaikin. 

claim for s, songai-yosno (ft 

鬼 要 fF、 ; songai-baisho no seikyii 

sea , kai 纖 (海損) [Com. Co.]. 

show me where the is, 

iiami-sho ico misete kure. 
Damage, t.y. itame-ru ; sonji-ru ; 
ni/ kidzu ^co tsuke-ru ; kison s. 

d goods, sonji-mono ; (by 

water) sawaie-mono. 

to "be d, itamu ; sonji-ru ; ni\ 

kidzu ga tsulcu ; hason s ; sonshd 

mm) s. 

Damaging, a to, wo/gai sum. 

it is to the country's 

reputation, kokka (國 家) no tai- 
men (對 面) wo kegasu. 

Damascened, a. me no uita. 

Damask, n. (article of import) mon- 

satin , do 謹し. 

Damnation, n. hatsu (罰). 

Damp, n. skimeri-ke : shiJcki (濕氣 ) : 

Damp, a. sJdmeppoi. 

to become , sh'tkke-ru ; sMme' 

Damp, t.Y. shimesu. 
Dance, i.v. odoru ; mau [used of 
ceremonial dances uke the no (能), or 
slow processional dances on the 
Dance, t.v. odorase-ru. 
Dance, n. hutd [a.n. ban (番 )] ; 
odori ; mai [a.n. kyoku (曲)]; (ball) 
hiitokwai (舞 飴 會). 

Court (performed to music 

by male dancers gorgeously 
dressed), hugakii (舞 樂). 

sacred (at Shinto shrine), 


the cherry (at Kyoto), 

Dancing", n. odoru koto ; odoH ; (in 
European style) hutd. 

prohibition of music and 

(in time of public mourning), on- 
gyoku-teishi ^§"曲1^止). . 
rope , tsuna-watari. 

Dancing"- girl, n. odoriko ; Jian- 
avoku (半玉); aka-eri ; shitajikko ; 
maiko [W. Japan] ; (of the kagura) 

to hire s, odoriko, etc., ico 


Dandelion, n. tampo ; iampopo. 
Danclle, t.v. ayasu. 
Dandruff*, n.fuke. 
Dandy, n. sharemono ; datesha. 
Dane, n. Bemmakku-jin (丁抹 人). 
Dang"er, n. ayaui-me ; kiken (危險 ) ; 
(likelihood) osore. 

his life is not in , seimei (生 

命) wa betsiijo (別 條) ga nai. 

imminent , kilcytt (危急). 

there is no , dbunage ga nai. 

there is no of, kidzulcai wa 

nai following Tb. . 

to fall into , ahunai-me ni 

Hosted by 


-,, ベ 

I>ang*erous, a. cibunai ; kiken na ; 
hennon na ; ayaui ; (of weather at 
sea) ken-aJcu '(險 惡) na ; (infested 
with, thieves) hussb 勿 馬 f ) na, 

articles, kikem'bidsu (危險 


to life, i no eld id sawarn. 

extremely , Idken-sewhan 

(危險 千 萬) 駕. 

very (of sick person's condi- 
tion), Icitoku (危篤) ni naiia: 

Dangle, i.Y. hura-sagaru. 

l>aiigie., t.v. hura-sage-ru. 

Daniel, n. Banieru. 

Danish, a. Bemmakku (丁 抹) ho. 

I>anisll, n. Demmakkii-go. 

Daphne, n. d. g-enkwa, fvji- 

modoJci ; choji-sakura. 

d. odora, jmcJioke. 

cI. pseudo-mezereon, oai-sldha- 

ri ; natsu-hdzu. 
Daplinipliylliiiii, n. yudzurl-ha. 
Dappled, a gray horse, 

Dare, i.v. I say (perhaps), ka 

[ 213 ] DAT 一 

red, a. makka na ; n. (con- 
taining a shade of brown) kuromi- 
gakatta aka. 

pitch , maklcura na ; shin no 

yami no ; uhatama n 
to keep a fact …… 

not to to (lack courage to), 

yiiki (勇 氣) ga nai following vb. 

Daredevil, a bravery, hoko- 

hydka (暴 虎? II 河) no yii (勇). 
Daredevil, n. hdkensha (胃險 者). 
JDaring*, n. daitan (大膽 )• 
Daring", a. daitan na ; kimo no f idol : 
ャ yiikati (爯敢 ) na ; (in bad - sense) 
dzuhuioi ; daitan-futekl (大膽 不敵) na. 
Darin g'ly, adv. daitan ni ; (reck- 
lessly) mukb-midzu ni. 

Dark, n. kurayami. 

after , hi ga lurete kam ; 

kuraku natte kam. 

Dark, a. (destitute of light) kurai ; 
(of colour) koi ; (of complexion) 

cell (prison), room 

(photo.), ansMtsu (B^ 室). 

...... lantern, gandd-jdchin (雁 洞 

提燈 )- 

…… night, any a (暗夜). 

to keep , Jilssori shite oku. 

Darken, t.v. kuraku s ; koku s. 

Darken, i.v. kuraku nam ; koku 

nam ; kuroku nam. 
Darkness, n. (quality) kvval koto ; 

(degree) k'urasa. 
Darling', a. kawall ; kaicalmshU. 
Darling*, n. (favourite) o-ki-m-iri. 
Darn, t.v. karakuru ; ito de sasu ; 

I>art, i.v. to out, idbi-de-ru. 

I>art, t.v. to out the tongue 

(of a snake), shit a wo aasiL or haJci- 

Dart, n. (of a blow-tube) fukiya. 

I>asli, i.v. to against, nilisuki- 

ataru ; ni/huttsukariL 

Dasli, t.Y. to against, e nage- 

tsuke-ru ; e Imclu-tsuke'ru. 

to tog'etlier, uchi-awasu. 

Dasli, n. (a slight quantity) kokoro- 
mocM hodo ; (energy) eiki (鋭 氣) ; 
(check) ketsumadzuki ; toma (ift 痤) ; 
(printer's sign) svji. 

Dashing', a. yukan (異' 厚) na, 

Dastardly, a. Mkyd (卑' 法) na. 

Data, n. tane ; zairyo (材料). 

on what ? doko ni yotte ka. 

Date, n. (fruit) natsume-yasJii ; 
(period) Jcoro ; (appointed dcay) kijitsu 
(期日); (time limited) nichigen ( 日 
{^) ; (of a letter, etc.) hidzuke ; gicap- 
pi ; nengicappi (年月 日). 

at an early , chikai uchi ni ; 

kin-kin (近々) nl. 

of opening*, (a railway) kal- 

fsuJci (開通 期) ; (the Diet) kaikicai- 
H (開會 期). 

on wliat ? ikka nl. 

to fix the s (for transac- 
tions on different days), luaorl wo 
kime-ru ; Juicari ico Icime ru. 

Hosted by 



[ 2U ] 


I>ate, t.Y. nijhidzuke wo s ; nijgimppi 
ICO kalcu. 

letter d the 10th, toka- 

dzulce no tegaml. 

Dative, n. dalsanJcaku (第三 格). 
Davib, t.v. num. 

Daugliter, n. musume ; polite ex- 
pressions are o musume-go ; o jo san ; 
go reljd (御 令壤) [the two latter of an 

unmarried ]. 

adopted …… , yojo (養女). _ 

eldest , cnojo (長女) ; soryo- 

musume (總、 領娘) ; ane-7nusume. 

only , hitori-musume. 

second , nijo (二 女). 

youngest , sue-musume. 

Daiig-liter-iii-laAv, n. yome. 
my , uchi no yome. 

Davit, n. * ; hoto-kake. 

I>avy-lamp, n. anzen- (安全 )- rampu. 

Dawdle, i.v, guzutsuku ; namake-ru. 

to along" the road, michi- 

kusa s ; michi-kusa wo kuu ; michi- 
kusa ICO tsxmm [provincial]. 

DaWD, n. yo-alce ; ake-gata. 

before , yo-alce mae ; L'ural 

uchi ni. 

Dawn, impers. v. yo ga ake-ru. 

Day, n. hi ; nlchi ; jlfsu ; [one , 

ichinichi (一日); 2 s, futsuka ; 

3 s, mikjca ; 4 s, yokka ; 

5 s, itsuka ; 6 s, muiJca ; 

7 s, nanuka ; 8 s, yoka ; 

9 s, kokonoka ; 10 s, 

toka ; 11 , jidchinichi ; and 

so on for the rest of the series ex- 
cept 14 s, juyokka ; 20 

s, hafsiika ; 24 s, niju- 

yokka] ; (in travelling) tomari ; 

liaku ; as, one , hUo tomari ; 

IppaJcu (—泊) ; how many 
s ? iku tomari ; iku haku ; (re- 
ception-day) nke-hi ; osetsuU (應 
接 日). 

a or two, icldrybnlcld (ー兩 

all , ichimchi ; sJuljitsu (終 

日 ) ; all to-day, konnidu ichi- 

a whole , maru ichimchi. 

by that , sono hi made ni. 

and hour, jijitsu (時日); 

and night, hiru mo yoru 

爾 ; chuya (晝 夜). 

by , hi-mashi ni ; 

by and month by month, 

hi ni tsuki ni. 

during" the , Idruma no uchi 


every , ma'michi (每 日); 

hihi-hihi ; hibi ni ; mainichi no yd 

ni ; every other , ichinichi- 

oki ni ; kakujitsu ({^ ) ; every 3 

s, futsuka-oki ni ; every 5; 

s, itsnka-lmri ni ; tsukl roku- 


a few s, shigo-nichi ; a few 

s ago, senjitsu (先日); kwa- 

jitsu (過 口); during" the next 

few s, kore kara 

no aida ; witMn. a few 
shigo nichi no uchi. 

good , konnichi ica. 

first of the month, isui- 

tachi ; ichinichi ; tliirtieth. 

of the month, misoka ; the rest 
are the same as the series two 
s, etc. 

the first ten s of the 

month, jqjun (上旬). 

the second ten s of the 

montla, chujun (中 旬). . 
the last ten .... .s of the 
month , gejun (下句). 

first of the year, rfwanjitsu 


in ten s from to-day, kon- 
nichi kara toka-me no hi ni. 
in the course of to-day, kydjfi 
ni ; kyo no uchi ni. 

last of the year, d-m'isoka ; 


number of s, hi-kadzu ; 

nissit ( 曰 數). 

officer of the , nUchoku-sho- 

Jcd (日直) ilF 校); tdchokii-shdkd (當 
直將 校). 

one , (a certain day) aru hi ; 

(in time future) f/onlchl (後日); 
ひ St 《(他日). ■ 

only the other , imi koii 


on that , sono hi ni. 

on the of the elections, 

senkyo no iojiisu (選 攀當 日 ). 
solar 一... , Umjbjitsu (太陽日). 

Hosted by 



L "3 J 

some , iisu ka. 

the after to-morrow, 

asatle ; mydrjonichi (明後日). • 

the before, sono mae no hi ; 

sono ze^ijitsu (其 刖 日); the …… 
before yesterday, issaicujitsiL 
(一 p お 日); otcdo い, ototsui ; two 

s before, sono fuisuka mae. 

the next , sono yokujiisu (其 

翌日); sono akuru hi ; the next 
も ut five, sono muika-rne no 


the present …… (time), kon- 
nichi ; おヌ (當 時). 

this vear, ranien (來 年) no 


what (o£ the month) ? ilclm. 

work by the 


Dayboolt, n. れリ cklchd 一 (日記帳); 
deirlchd ; daifukuc/io 、大福帳). 

Daylirealc, n. yo-ake ; shirasJdra- 

ake ; t shinonome. 
Day-labour, n. bi-shlgato ; layd- 


Day-labourer, b. hlyd-iorl ; hl- 

13ayliglit, n. Mruma ; hakuchu (I'j 

before , m'mel (未明) n'L. . 

in "broad , hiru-hinaka nl ; 

hakueJm nl ; mapplnima. 

Day-lily, n. icasure-gusa. 

Day-scliolai% n. tsugakmel (通學 
D ; kayoisel 

Dazed, a. to be , mucha (夢 

中 ) 7ii natie. oru ; v:a\ine ga kuramu ; 
'bonyciri s. 

to be with sleep, nelwke-ru. 

Dazzle, t.v. mdfnishiku s. 
Dazzle, i.v. expr. by the adj. malu- 

■Dazzling', a. malnisrm. . 
Deacon, n. (Prot.) deakono ; kwairi 

(會 吏) ; (Bom. Cath.) hosai (輔 祭) ; 

(Baptist) shitsiiji (執 拿). 
Deaconess, n. onna no sMtsnjl ; jo- 

sJiUsuji (女 執事). 

Dead, a. shinda ; (of a tree) kareta. 

and wounded, sMshosha 


letter, (postal) mossho 

書) ; (of a law) kfibun (空文). 

man, shinin (死人); fiotolce ; 

(corpse) shiqai (死 # 亥) ; men 

tell no tales, shinin nl kuehi 

.. tree, kareki. 
festival of the …… , や n- 
matsurl ; (in memory of soldiers 
killed in action) shokon-sai (招魂 
祭). • 
it is uncertain whether he is 

alive or , shoshi (生死) ga 

fumel da. 

to fall in the street, iki- 

to shoot , (with a bow) i- 

korosu ; (with firearms) nchi- 

Dead, adv drunk, shotai (生体) 

naku yotta ; dzuburoku ni yotta ; 
deisui (泥 醉) shita. 

to "be asleep, yoku nekonde 

oru ; juJcusui (熟睡) i^hite oru. 

wind ahead, ma-mukai- 


Dead, n of nig'lit, 

yoru no sanaka. 

\ of winter, fmju no sanalca ; 

iiokan (沍 寒). ' 

Deadbeat, a. to be ...... , gakkari 

shite oru. 

Deaden, t.v. (a sliock) yaimrage-ru ; 
(impair in vigour) nihuku, or yowaku, 

Deacl-lieat, a. to be ...... , iccqshdhu 

(勝 ひ a 滅 I' 

Deadlock, n. nankwart (難 闘)',、 メぃ „、 

to Ibe at a , shintai (mM) 

kiwamaru ; ita^jasami no axisama 
de aril. 

Deadly, a disease, gekibyo (劇 


poison, qelcidoku (劇毒). 
二…. wound; kyusho (急所) no 
Jcidzu ; chlmeisho (致命 f 募)' 
Dead Sea, ShUcai (死海). 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 216 ] 


I>eaf, a. mwii no toi. 

are you ? (mockingly) mimi 

wa kazctri-mono ka. 

._ and dumb person, oslii ; 


person, tsunibo. 

to be of one ear, kata- 

tsumbo de aru. 

to be stone , kara-fsumbo de 


Deafen, t.v. no /mimi ICO tsuhusu ; 
tsumho ni s. 

to be ed, wa]mlmi ga tsuhure- 

Tu ; tsiimbo ni nam. 

I>eaf-mute, n. osM ; oshL 

I>eafness, n. tsumho. 

I>eal, t.v. (c^rds) maku ; kuharu. 

Deal, i.v. (trade) shohai (商 寶) s; 
torihiki s. 

easy to witli (i.e. keep in 

order), seishi-yasui. 

to in, wolakinau. 

to ... ... with, (in trade) to I torihiki 

s ; (property, an affair, etc.) sholmn 
(處 分). s; tori-aisukau ; (control) 

Deal, n. (pine-plank) matsu-ita [a.n. 
rmi (秒)] ; (at cards) han (番 ). 

a good , daihu (大部); yo- 

iiodo ; yoppodo. ' 

a great , takusan ひ學 山); 


to make a good (as in 

shares), umaku ate-ru ; umaku 
yaru, 、 

Dealer, n. akindo ; (at cards) oya. 

in, expr. by -ya (ま), more 

rarely -sko (ff ), suflS xed to the name 
of the article ; as, iu fire- 
wood, maki-ya ; in lacquer- 
ware, nurimono-ya ; ...... in oil, 

dhura-ya ; in piece-goods, 

tammono-ya ; retail , kouri- 


honest (as opp. to receiver of 

stolen goods), seigydsha (正業 者). 
Dealings, n. (commercial) torihiki. 
Dean, n. (of a cathedral) kantoku- 
kyoddcho (監 智教堂 長) ; (Budd.) chu- 
kyosei (中教 正); (of a faculty) kyd~ 
shicho (教師 長). 

I>ear, a. (beloved) kawaii ; (ex- 
pensive) iakai ; kone no ; koka (高 
價) no. 

to be , nd]ne ga hatte oru. 

to buy , kai-kahnru. 

Dearly, adv. takaku ; (earnestly) 
fukaJcu ; setsu (切) ni. 

beloved, saiai (最愛) no. 

Dearness, n. hone ; kdka. 
Dearth, n. fasoku (不足) ; ketsubd 

(缺艺 ) ; (famine) Hkin (饑 謹). 
Death, n. shi ; shinu Jcoto ; (decease) 
shibo ; (manner of) shini-yo ; (the 
penalty) shikei {fEM)- 

s (from disease), shihosha 


a crime v/orthy of , shi ni 


after …… , shigo (死後); after 
the …… of A., A. fja shinde 

anniversary of Jimmu-Ten- 

no's (April 3), Jimmu-Tennd- 

sai (神武 天皇 祭). 

assault resulting- in , bda- 

chishi (歐打 致死). 

at the point of , rl ま (臨終) 

no magiwa ni ; shinigiwa ni. 

-olacfc (plague), kokushibyd 

(黑 死病). 

cause of , shiin (死因). 

certificate of , shibd-shosho 

(死亡 證書) ; shibdshd. 

penalty, shikei. 

early , waJcajini. 

instantaneous , sokushi (即 


notice of …… (to Auths.), shiho- 
' todoke. 

sudden , tonshi (頓死). - 

to be at ,s door, shini-giwa 

ni 7iatte oru. 

to beat to , tataJd-korosu ; 


to be burned to , yake- 


to be crushed to , asshi 

(壓 死) s. 

to be sentenced to , shikei 

(死刑). 歸 senkoku (宣告) 縦 e'rw. 

to boil to , ni-korosu. 

to cause the of, ico/shi ni 


Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 217 ] 


to die an inglorious , iav- 

jini wo s. 

to fear , s'hi v:." it ox, or. oso- 

re-ru ; inochi iro oshimu. 

to roast to , almri-korosu. 

to slash to , klri-korosu. 

to stab to , sashl-korosii. 

to torture to , nahuri-gorosld 

ni s ; naburi-korosu. 

to trample to , farni-korosu. 

until , shinu made. 

violent ., henshl (@ 死) ; oshi 


Deatli-roll, n. shll ふ h!/) (死亡 表). 

Death-warrant, n. sUkel-sJukkd 
(死刑執行) no melrei (命令). 

I>ebacle, n. r/wakai (^/<}?). 

I>el>ar, t.Y. to from, no'mUM 

ICO tatsu. 

Debase, t.v. oiosu ; (coin) no!ne-uchi 
wo otosu ; no/Ici(ral v:o ofosv. ; henzo 
mm) s. [Cr. Co.]. 

Debatable, a question, (ji- 

湖れ (疑問). ' 

I^ebate, n. tdron (l^tli) ; リ;議.. (議 
論) ; hydili (評議). 

S (pari, proceedings), q)jh (議 

事). ■ 
hot …… , gelcLroii (激論). 

l/elbate, t.v. hydqi s ; ronjl-ru ; リ1 s ; 
togl (討議) nifu (付) s. ' 

Debating-society, n. tdronkical 
(討論 會). , 

Debauch, i.y. (Idraku (道 樂) s ; liotb 
(放蕩) s. 

Debaiicll, t.v. (lead astray) hikidziirl- 
. Icomu ; sosonohasu. 

Debauch, n. (intempemnce) h'nn 
(暴欽 )• 

Debauchee, n. dorahu-mono ; hotd- 
nin ; hdratsunin (放 J ^人). 

Debauchery, n. (intemperance and 
lewdness) shushoku (酒色); Jioto. 

I>e bene esse, shdko-hozen (證據 保 
全) no tame. 

Debenture, shasal ほ ヒ廣) [Com. 
Co.] ; "he document) saiken { 债灌 ). 

holder, shasaikensha (rfiffi 

權卷 ). 

I>ebilitate(l, a. to , saijaku 

shite oru. 

Debility, n. ん、 ソ U' ひ?' e ; svljaku (衰 
弱) ; hi" (疲勞 ). 

x>el>lt, n. (book-keeping) kari-lcata ; 

f 画 I mm- 

I>ebOUCb, i.Y. expr. by the trans, 
vb. kw'i-dasu. 

Debris, n. kudzure ; Ix ov are ; ha- 

kwa'ibutsu (破壞 物): 
Debt, n. shakk'm (借 ; shakuzal 
(借財) ; oime [Kyoto dial.] ; (claim) 
saiken (債 瞻) [Civ. Pro.]. 

- -…. s, fused (灵 債). 

national , kokuscd (國债 ). 

to have s, ica]karl ga am. 

to run into , shakJdn s ; 

shakuzal s ; shakkin, or kari, u'o 


Debtor, n. (correlative of creditor) 

karite ; karl-nushi ; karl-kata ; sai- 
musha (廣 f 务 
D€3Cade, n. jimenkan (十 年間). 

several s, sfijilnen (數十 年). 

Decadence, n. suiU (衰微), 
I>ecagOii, n. jikkaku; jlkkakkei (十 
角 形 )• 

Decahedron, n. jumental (-卜 面体). 

DecalOgaie, n. jikkai (十戒). 

Decamp, i.v. chikuien (逐電) s ; 
sJiuppon (出奔) (with stolen goods) 
mochi-nige s ; (lea^iDg no trace) 
taka-tobi s. 

Decanter, n. iokkv.rl ; inn ; sake- 

Deeai)itate, t.v. き jkvJA ico l-iru ; 
ucia-kuln ni s. 

Decapitation, n. zanzai (斬罪). 

Decay, i.v. kusaru ; fv.hai (戲 fc) s ; 

(of a tree) kuchi'ru ; (of power) oto- 

roe-ru ; suUn (衰微) s. 
Decay, n.fuhai ; sulhi. 
Decease, n. shiho. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 218 ] 


Deceased, a. shmla. 

...... father, hofa (亡父). 

friend, hoyil (亡友). 

persons, shibdsha (死亡者). 

wife, hosai (亡妻). 

the , shinda hito; shlhomn. 

Deceit, n. it smear i ; uso. 

Deceitful, a. bchaku (橫 着) na. 

Deceive, t.v. (cheat) damasu ; dama- 
Icasu ; (delude) azamuku ; no I me ico 
Jcuramasu, or kasKme-7'u ; (mislead) 

December, n. junigvyUsu (—卜 二月) ; 
fjokugeisu (極月). 

Decency, n. gydgl (f 于儀) m ladaskll 

I>eceilt, a. (decorous) nyd<jl no tada- 
shli ; tansei (端正) na ; (moderate but 
competent) sob は B 應) 滅. 

Deception, n. damashi ; (jomakashi ; 
manchaku (瞞着) ; (fraud) s なリ i (詐 偽). 

I^eceptive, a. (of appearances) mi- 
Jcake ni yoranu. 

Decide, t. and i.v. Jdme-ru ; (a case) 
saihan (裁判) s ; (a controversy) tori- 
sfibaku ; (a point of procedure, etc.) 
Iceitei (^定 ) s ; (a disputed point) 
handaa ゆ 藤) s ; (on one's own 
judgment) dokiidan (5^ 斷) s. 

to fce d, Jcimaru ; kettei nl 


to against (a motion), wo! 

hikeisu (否 决) s. 

to in favour of, wojlcaketsu 

(可 决) s, 

to to, koio hi klme'rv., or 

kessuru following vb. 

to unofficially, naiiel (|^ 定) 


to upon (in assembly), woj 

giketsu (議 ii) .V. 

Decided, a. (certain) shika to shita ; 
(marked) ichijirushii. 

Decidedly, adv. expr. by ni sol nal 
after the adj. ; (exclam.) ikanimo ; 
( markedly ) ich ijiru sh iku . 

Deciduofis, a. rakuyosel (落 紫 生) no. 

Decimal, n. shosu. 

circulating , jankwan-shdsd 


point, Idreiten (奇 零點) ; jm- 

ten (十 位 點). 

system, jilshinhd (十進法) ; 

j ilshln-ichiihd ("t^ 進 一位 法), 

Decipher, t.v. Jumdan (判 斷) s ; 
hanjl'ru ; {as, a cypher telegram) 

Decision, n. (decisiveness) kdsudan 
(决斷 ); (determination) kesshin 
心); hicadan (栗 fj) ; (judgment) 
saibcm (裁判) ; hankdsu (判^) ; (on a 
disputed point) handan (*】 斷) ; (rul- 
ing) ketiei (決定) ; kdtdsho (决定 書) ; 
hardeisho (判定 書 j; [last two, written] ; 
(of an assembly) ketsugi (决議 ). 

final (law), shfikyoJcuteki- sa l- 

ban (終局 的 裁判). 
Decisive, a. tashika na. 

answer, ketto (决 答). 

battle, kessen ( 疾戰) • 

proof, tashika no shoko ; 

kakiishd (確 | 登) ; tkakko (確乎) きれ 


Decisively, adv. <lanze,i (斷然 ) ; 

Decisiveness, n. ketsudan. 

Deck, n. * ; kampan. 

lower , shita-Icampan ; shlta- 


'tween s, ch fi-kampan ( 中 甲 

板) ; cliu-dekH. 

upper , jd-kampan (Ji^p;^) ; 

Declaration, n. (before a judicial 
officer) moshitate ; moshitate-gaki 
[written] ; chinjutsu (陳述) ; kyojutsu 
(供述) ; (affidavit) senseisho ; sensei- 
s ん 5meis7iO (宣誓 證明 書); (notification) 
fukoku (布告) ; (proclamation) sen- 
gen ; sengensho (宣言書) [written] ; 
"(by person paying taxes, duty, etc.) 
shinkoku (申告). 

of war, sense, h (官戰 ) ; kai- 

sen-kofu (開戰 公布). 
Declare, t.v. ii-taie-ru ; melgen (明 
言) s; (proclaim) sengen s ; (make 
known) shimesu ; araicasu. 

d value (of goods), shinkoku- 

kagaku (申告 價 額). 

Hosted by Google 


[ 219 ] 


to itself, amware-ru ; (of a 

disease) hatsiibyo (發 病) s. 

to persistently, ii-haru. 

to positively, danqen (斷 

言) s. ' 
to war, sensed s. 

Declension, n. (gram.) haiaraJd ; 
goU (語尾) no henkioa (蠻 化) ; (clete- 
rioration) suihi (衰微). 

Decliiiatioil, n. hensa ((^差). 

Decline, t.v. (refuse) kotowaru ; jl 
(辭) s ; shazetsu (謝 絕) s ; jitai (辭 退) 
s ; also expr. by shochi (承知) shinai. 

Decline, i.v. (refuse) kotowari wo iu, 
or s ; kotowaru ; shazetsu s ; (deterio- 
rate) otoroe-ru ; suibi s ; (of price) 
sagaru ; geraku (下落) s. 

power s, Ucioi (ja usuku naru. 

JDeclivity, n. (gentle) nadnre ; (steep) 

Decoct, t.v. seriji-ru. 

I>ecoctioii, senjiia mono ; (med.) 

senyaku (煎 藥) ; senji-gusuri. 
Decompose, i.Y.fuhai s. 
Decompose, t.v. (diem.) hunkai (分 

解) s. 

]De composition, n. (putrefaction) 
fuhai (腐敗) ; (resolution into ele- 
mentary parts) hunkai. 

Decorate, t.v. kamru. 

to with. , ill wo 

kazam, or kazari-ts uke-ru . 

to be d with (an order), ni/ 

jo (叙) serare-ru. 
Decoration, n. kazarl ; kazari- 
mom ; soshoku (装飾) ; (order) kun- 
sho ; ("bestowal of an order) jokun 

- (叙 勳). 

Doard of s, shoknnkyoku (賞 

勳局 )• 

new year's s (at house en- 
trance), kadomatsu. 

to have a conferred upon 

one, kunsho ico sadzukerxtre-ru. 

Decorative, a. kazarl ni nam ; so- 
sholcu no. 

l>ecorous, a. gydgi (行儀) no iada- 
s】m, or i'l. 

Decorously, adv, 
Decorum, n. relgi 儀). 
Decoy, t.v. 


in, ohiki-komu ; obilci-ire- 

to out, obikl-dasu. 

Decoy-birrt, n. otorl. 

Decrease, i.v. hem ; hette kuru ; 
genji-ru ; genslib (减少 ) ん 

I>ecrease, t.v. herasu. 

Decrease, n. hed ; (amount of) gm- 
increase and , zogen (增减 ). 

Decree, n. (proclamation) fukoku 
(布告);/" m (布令); (law) horei (法 
令) ; (Imperial ordinance) chokurei 
{%]}%') ; (Chinese Imp. ordinance) jo 
(上 ll) ; (of a Court of law) keitei 
定) ; meh'd (命令). 

1 decrepit, a. olhorefa ; rdsul shit a. 
to become , oihore-i-u. 

Dec repit lid e, n. rdsul (老衰). 

I>ecry, t.v. kusosu ; ken as v. ; .soshi- 
ru ; hinan (^1^1(1) s. 

Dedicate, t.v. (to the gods) osuim' 
ru' ; so/iae-ru ; Ubno (奉 ま內) s. 

Dedication, n. (of a church) kendo ; 
(the ceremony) kenddshlJci (—献 堂 if). 

De die in (lie】n, vmjitsu (連日 ). 

Deduce, t.y. (log.) en-eki (演澤 ) s. 

to from, wo/oshite mi'vu ; 

karajsidsatsu (推察) s ; karajwari- 
dasu ; karajsuichi (拖 知) s. 

JDecluct, t.v. Tdku ; sash'i-hiku ; kojo 

(^^) s ; genji-ru. 
Deduction, n. en-eki-hd (演繹法). 
Deductive, a. eneJdhd no. 
I>ee(l, n. shiwaza ; kdl (行 爲) ; shoi 
(所 爲) ; (writing) shosho (證 書) ; shd- 
mon (證 文). 

01 transier, yudz uri-ica ta sht- 


illustrious s, koseJci (功績). 

title , cldken ; cliiJcenjd (^i 券 


words and s, genko (g^r); 

rjengo-ddm (言語 動作). 

Hosted by 


ふ: ソ 


r 220 ] 


I>eem, t.v. (consider) io/)nitome'ru ; 
to/nintei (認 き) s ; (regard as) to/mi- 

Deep, a. fukai ; (of colour) koi ; (mea- 
suring backwards) tate ; as, 1 foot 

broad by 2 feet , yoko isshaku 

ni tate nishaku ; (of the voice, a sigh, 
etc.) fuioi ; (abstruse) shin-en (深遠) 
no ; (of an atmospheric depression) 
shinko (深 罕) na. 

deliberation, jukugi (熟議). 

sleep, jukusui (熟睡). 

sea animals, shinkai-ao- 

hutsu (深海 動物). 

five (of ranks), goretsu (五歹 ij) 


to be in the water (of a 

shi-p), fukaku ashi-Ute oru ; ica]ashi 
ga haitte oru. 
Deepen, i.v. / ukaku s ; (in colour) 
koku s. 

Deepen, i.v. fukaka naru ; koku 
' naru. 

Deep-laid, a. shln-en (深遠) im. 

Deeply, adY.f ukaku. 

to reflect , isura-tsura kaa- 


Deepness, n.fukal koto. 
Deer, n. shika. 

musk , jakd-neko. 

Deerstalker, n. (cap) tormdd-hb ; 

Deface, t.v. suH-isnhusu ; nillcidzu 
wo tsuke'ru ; (a stamp with seal) ni/ 
keshiin wo s ; (coin) henzo (變 造) s. 

to be d, suri-t sulmre'ru ; ma- 

meisu (磨滅) s. 

De facto, jij'Ltsvjd (事實 上) no. 

Defalcate, t.v. tsukai-komv.. 

Defalcation, n. hiJcloi ; tsukai- 

Defamation, n. zanso (MM) ; 7d】d- 

mi (誹毁 罪). 
Defame, t.v. mnso s ; nojmelyo (名 

春) wo gai (害) s. 

Default, n. kwashitsu (過失); oko- 
tari ; kaitai (tS 怠) [Civ. Pro.]. 

in of , - —— ga nakereba. 

judgment by , kesseki-han- 

た e な" (欠席 判お [Cr. Pro]. 

Defaulter, n. kwashitsusha ; kaiiai- 
sha ; (one who fails to pay taxes when 
due) fundsha (不納 者); tamosha (滞 
納 者); (one who breaks an engage- 
ment) iyakusha (違 糸勺卷 )• 

Defeat, n. (mil) haiboku (敗北); 
haigun (敗軍) ; (at law) haiso (敗訴). 

total , zempai (全敗) ; sd- 


unwillingness to acknow- 
ledge , make-oshimi. 

JJefeat, t.v. makasu ; yahuru ; ku- 

to be ed, make-ru ; (in battle) 

uchimake-ru ; hai ico torn ; hike wo 
torn ; kudzare-ru : haihoku s ; 
(at an election) rakusen (落選) 

to be totally ed, zempai s ; 

sb-kudzure ni nam. 

Defect, n. Jcidzu ; ketten (欠 點) ; 
kake ; kaldn (瑕 達). 
has a in his speecli, wa] 

shiia ga mvjilcai ; shita-taradzu da, 

uefectioii, n. (from a partv) datto 

Defective, a. kaketa ; f iikwanzen (不 
完全) no ; ketten no aru ; fu-yuJci- 
todoki no ; yuki-todokanu ; (insuffi- 
cient) tarinai ; (of a set of things) 
sorotte inai. 

verb, keppen-ddsM (缺變 動 

to Ibe 

, or f 1(1)1 de 

Defectiveness, n.fuhi (不備). 

Defence, n. hogyo (防 禁) ; hogo (保 
護) ; f iisegi ; shubi (守 錦) ; keiei (警 
衞); bdei (防 衞); (justification) ii- 
wake ; ii-hiraki ; (law) toheii (^^) ; 
Jiikoku-hengo (被告 辯 護). 

S, preparations for , 

hoU (防備). 

coast , e» び わ Of/2/0 ( JS* 岸 防 禁). 

counsel lor the , (crim.) 

hengonin (辯 護 入); (civ.) hiJcoku- 
d ひ inin (被告 代人). 

national , koJcuoo (國 防). 

self …一 , seiio-hogyo (正當 防禦); 
(自衞 ). 

Hosted by 



[ 221 ] 


Defend, t.v. mamoru ; moisu ; hogo s. 

to agrainst, expr. by fusegu 

[the direct obj. "being omitted in 

Defendant, n. 7"'ん'0 た";"" (被告人); 

Defensive, n. to act on the , 

hogyo no (chi (位 匿) ni tatsu ; 
(at chess) gote ni na7n. 

to stand on the , ukemi ni 

nam ; mi-gamae ico s. 

Defensive, a. hogyoteJd 鸮 的). 

alliance, bdshu-domei (防 守 


offensive and alliance, ko- 

shu-dbmd (攻守同盟). 

Defer, t.v. (put off) nohasu ; enJcl (延 

to for a time, ichiji (一時) 


to (as, tlie discussion of a 

particular question) until after- 
wards, ato-mawashi ni s. 

Defer, i.v. to to, no/rydken (了 

简) ni makase-ru. 

Deference, n. keifuku (敬 

Deferential, a, kenson (謙 避) na. 

Deferentially, adv. kenson ni. 

Defiance, n. idomi. 

in of, ni sakaratte ; (notwith- 
standing) wo/mono to mo seclzu ni. 
to bia ...... to, wo/idomu. 

Defiant, a. gojo (5 虽 情—) na ; goian (剛 
膽) 亂 

Defiantly, adv. gojo ni ; gojo hatte ; 
gotan ni. 

Deficiency, n.fusoku (不足) ; (defi- 
cient amount) fusoku no hun ; (weak 
point) iansho ; (want) ketsvM ま乏) ; 
futtei (拂 , 

to sliow a , futtei ico tsuge-ru. 

Deficient, a. fusoku no. 

in, ni/toooshii. 

to be , tarinai. 

Deficit, n. fusoku ; fusokagaku (不 

足 額) ; ketsubd. 
Defilade, n. shahei 
Defile, n. keiro (徑路 )• 

Delile, t.v. kegasu. 

to be d, kegare-ru. 

one cannot touch, pitcli with- 
out being" d, shu (朱) ni 

majiwareha akaku nam. 

Defilement, n. kegare. 

Define, t.v. (explain) toku ; toki- 
akasu ; (mark out) kime-ru ; sadame- 
rii ; shitei (ネ 旨定) s ; iitei (一定) s ; (a 
term) ieigi s. 

to boundaries, sakai wo 


Definite, a. (certain) tashika na ; 
skika to shita ; Icakujitsu (確 實) na ; 
(fixed) kimatta ; ittei no ; matomatta ; 
(clear) lianzen shita. 

news, kakuhd (確報). 

…… reply, kakuid (確答 j. 

the article, jdkicanshi (定冠 


Definitely, adv. hakkirl ; shika to. 

Definition, a. (of a term) teigl (定 
i^) ; toJci-akashi. 

Definitive, a. (final) kekkyoku (結局) 
no ; saigo 後) no. 

Definitively, adv. hjo-iyo. 

x^eflect, t.v. (a stroke) saJce-ru ; yoke- 
ru ; uke-nagasu. 

to be ed, (of a stroke or 

missile) sore-ru ; (of a line) kire- 
ru ; magaru. 

Deflection, n. hensa (|g 差); henld 
(歸 倚). 

! Deform, t.v. nojkatachi ico sokone'ru. 

Deformed, a.fugu no. 

person, Jcatawa ; fugusha (不 

具 者) ; haishiisusha 疾 

Deformity, n. haishiisu. 

Defraud, t.v. sagai (詐 害) s, 

to a person of his rights, 

. azamuite hito no kenri (權手 ij) wo 
okasu, or shingai (侵害) s. 
Defray, t.v. dasu ; wakimae-ru ; (from 

a particular fund) shihen (支 辨) s. 
Defy, t.v. (disobey) nilsomuku ; (scorn) 

hesshi (蔑 jjl) s ; koto io mo shinai ; 

mushi (無視) s ; (resist) nijteikb (抵 

抗) s. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 

[ 222 ] 


Degenerate, a. (base) 7nisage- 
hateta ; (deteriorated) sidbl (衰概 ) 

Degenerate, i.v. otoroe-ru ; suihl s. 

to into, nil nari-sar/aru ; nij 


Deg-eneration, n. taikica (退化) ; 
(med.) hensei (變 性). 

Degradation, n. (disgrace) chijoku. 

promotion and (of officials), 

chutchoku (gp). 

Degrade, t.v. (reduce in rank) no/ 
kurai wo sage-ru, or otosu ; (deprive 
of rank) no I kurai wo tori-age-ru ; no/ 
iici ("^記) wo hakudatsu (彔! I 奪) s ; 
(deprive of office) menshoku (免職) s ; 
to toe d, shikujlru. 

Degraded, a. Mretsu (卑劣) na. 

Degree, n. (of measurement) do (度) ; 

as, 90 s, Jcujildo ; (fig.) hodo ; 

kurai ; as, he suffers to such a 

that he cannot possibly 

recover, totemo naoranai kurai ni 
Jcurushinde oru ; (class) to (等) ; 
(extent) doai (| ま 合) ; 磁0 (程度) ; 
(of relationship) sliinio (親等) ; 
(academical) gakui (學 位). 

by s, shidai m ; aandan ; oi- 


I am not concerned in the 

slightest , watakushi ica 

issetsu (一切) kicankei ga nai. 

one more, issb (一, 管 )- 

to reduce a penalty one , 

itto (一等) wo genji-ru. 

to take one's , sotsuqyb (卒 

業) s. . . 

Deny, t.v. kami ni matsuru. 

Deign, i.v. to to, expr. by tamau 

suffixed to the indef. form of a vb. 

Deism, n. shizen-sldnkyb. 
I>eist, n. sJdzen-shinkyo-io (自然 刺 i 教 

Deity, n. Kami ; Shimmei (神明). 

Dejected, a. to become , 

fusagu ; ioa\ki ga fusagu ; vtsu- 
uisii s, 

to be ,fusaide oru. 

Dejection, n. ymdsu (憂 霹) ; an 
equiv. of Dejected foil, by koto. 

Delay, n. e^i-i れ 引); hinole ; yuyo 

(猶 象). ' 

a of two days, futsaJca no 


that will cause great , sore 

de ica old ni en-in ni naru. 

without , chitai (運' 滞) naku ; 

sassoku (早速). 

Delay, t.v. (put off) nobasa ; (retard) 
hima-dorase-ru ; todokdrase-ru. 

to be ed, todokoru ; (behind 

time) okure'ru ; (as a telegram, in 
transmission) enchaJcu (延着) s. 

Delay, i.v. en-in s ; himaaoru ; tema- 
doru ; chitai s. 

Delegate, t.v. (entrust) makase-ru ; 
yudam'ru ; in'in (委任) s ; iiaku (委 
托) s- 

I>elegate, n. myddainin (名代 人); 
sodairiin (總、 代人); (at a conference) 
iin. • 

government (pari.), selfu-iin 

(政府 委員). 

Delete, t.v. kedzuru ; kesu ; saJcujo 
(削除) s ; massatsu (椽 殺) s. 

Deleterious, a. doku (毒) no ; yugai 
(有害) れ ; fu-yojo (不養生) no. 、 

Deleteriousness, n. doku no am 
koto ; yugai ; yudoku. 

Deliberate, a. (intentional) v:aza- 
loaza no ; wamto no ; た0ぇ (故意) no ; 
(circumspect) ochitsuita ; teicho (奠 K 
袁) na ; (maturely considered) ronj'i- 

Deliberate, i.v. (ponder) yoku 
kangae-ru ; shian し 思索) s. 

to together, kyogi (協議) s ; 

sodan (; j^i^l) s. 

to upon and decide, fjl- 

ketsu (議决 ) s ; gitei (議- 足) s. 
Deliberate, t.v. gi s ; hydgi (評議) 

Deliberately, adv. (intentionally) 
waza to ; koi ni ; (circumspectly) 
ochitsuUe ; (without hurrying) ki- 
naga ni. - 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 223 ] 


Deliberation, n. (pondering) shl- 
an ; ( circiimspection ) ieicho ; (tak- 
ing counsel together) kyofji (t^j 議) ; 

mature …… , jiikugl (熟議), 
secret s, mitsugi (密議). 

L>elicaey, n. (fineness) Inmyo (美 
妙) ; yuU き 美) ; (minuteness) 
Jcomakai koto ; (of flavour) olshu 
koto ; (luxury) zeitaku (贊澤 ) ; (a 
dainty) umai mono ; kobiitsu (安-了' 物) ; 
chimmi (^i^) ; himi oia mono. 

all sorts of • ies, sankai (山 

■} 每) no chimmi. 
Delicate, a. (of a person's appea- 
rance) kyasha na ; (of food) assari 
sliita ; (of workmanship) chimitsu (敏 
密)? la ; (physically) tayowal ; kyojaku 
(虛 弱) れ a ; Jdyoica na. 

a point, nammon (難問); 

kiwadoi tokoro. 

to be (in health), hory fi (fjg 

柳) no shitsu (質) de ciru. 

Delicious, a. kekko (結 溝) na ; ol- 
sJiii ; umai. 

Deliciously, adv. kekko ni. 

Delict, n. kelzai (輕 罪). 

Delig'lit, t.Y. fanoshimase-ru ; yo- 

to be ed, yorokohu ; iireshii. 

I am ed, b-yorolcdbi da ; aa ! 

ureshii ; (serves Mm right) ii Jcimi 

I shall "be ed to, yorokonde, 

or 卞 Jd7ize?i (欣然) io shite, with vb. 

Deligiit, i.v. ijorokobu ; tanoshimu. 
to in, ico/omosJdrogaru. 

Deligiit, n. tanoshimi ; yorokobi ; 
yukwai ('I^'R) ; kwankl (歡 喜). 

Delightedly, adv. yorokonde. 

Delig"llttlll, a. 'Jcp-kkd (IS 構) na ; 

omoshiroi ; yorokobasldi ; yukicai ('| 俞 

'|^) na. ' 
that is , sore ica d-ycm 

Delimitation, n of a 

frontier, Jcyokxii-kiraku fe I (境界 

Delineate, t.v. (draw) ids 謂.. 
Delinquency, n. ochido. 
DeliiiQuent, n. foganin. 

I>eliqiie>sce, i.v. im]sJdriierl ga 
kuru ; 簡] shUori ga 

Delirious, a. to be , mucka (夢 

中) de oru ; (in speech) 
v:() in ; tairakoto v:o iu. 

l>eliriuiii, n. 

tremens, chilshv-ruino (中 酒 

累惱) ; slmlmku-tammd (酒客 瞻妄 )• 

Deliver, t.y. (rescue) tasuke'ru ; 
sukui-dasu ; (hand over) icatasu ; 
hiki-icatasu ; /cofu (交ィ す) s ; (a con- 
signment) ire-ru ; hiki-waiasu ; 
(judgment) ii-icatasu ; (goods at a 
house) todoke-ru ; (an address) 7iobe- 
ru ; (assist in childbirth) tori-age-ru. 

to a message, kotoclzuie v:o 

kojo (口上) ICO tsufae-ru ; den- 
(傳 言) s. 

a speecli, enzetsu (演說 ) s. 

to personally, ie-vMashl 

s ; jika ni watasu. 

to be ed (of a woman), san 

簡 s ; to be ed of, —imm. 

to . 

suJad-nushi ; kyilen- 

Deliverer, n. 

sha (救 接 者). 

Delivery? n. (handing over) hiki- 
watashi ; kof ii ; uke-icatashi ; juju 
(授受) ; ni-watasJd[ol goods only] ; 
(postal) naitatsu (酉!! 達) ; (from a go- 
down) kura-dashi ; (of a speaker) 
emetsii-buri ; (parturition) san. 

a difficult , nanzan 產). 

an easy , cmzan (^產 

date fixed for , ulce-xmtasld- 

hi ; uke-imtashi-k i . 

receipt (for registered letter), 

haitatsu-shdmeisho (配達 證 明 書). 

goods for next montli, 

raigetsu-wa ta shi no shinamono. 

to pay on , shina to liiki-kae 

ni kanjo (勘定) s. 

to take of, wolhiki-toru ; noj 

iike~icatashi v:o s ; (goods deposited 
in a godown) v:o I kura-dashi s. • 

Delta, n. miisumata ; kawaguchi no 
sankakxi-su ( 三ガ j 洲). 

Delude, t.v. azamuka ; sukasu ; yCi' 
rcaku (ま 惑).'. : 十 ま ま u (癒 惑) s. 

I>elllg'e, n. kozin. 

the …… , dai-koz'u (大 洪水). 

Hosted by 



[ 224 ] 


Delusion, n. (state of) mayoi ; 
(error) rybken-chigai ; kokoroe- 
chigai ; (superstitions) 7miso (迷 想). 

J^eliisive, a. magirawashu ; (unreal) 
ku (空) na ; (of appearances) mikake 
ni y or anal. 

Delusively, adv. maglraicasluku. 

Delusiveness, n. equiv. of Delu- 
sive foil, by koto. ' 

Demand, n. motoms ; seikyil (i: 青 求) ; 
(more peremptory) yokyu (^:^) ; 
(for goods) kake-kata ; juyd (需要 j ; 
hake-Icuchi ; muki ; ure-kuchi. 

and supply, juyo-kydkyfi 


it s (requires), wo/ yd (要) s. 

payable on (of a draft), 

ichiran-'barai (一 覽拂) no. 

to be in , wajmuki ga it. 

to make unreasonaole s, 

nandai (If 題) ico kake-ru. 

uemancl, t.v. seikyil s ; ydkyu s ; 
shiite motome-ru. 

to payment, harai-lcata wo 

saisoku (催 f 足) s. 
Demand-note, n. (for a tax) toku- 

solcujd (督 IM 狀). 
Demarcation , n. kwakutel (SJ 定) • 

pemean, t.v. to one's self, 

nige (卑下) s ; herikudaru. 
Demeanour, n. mihurl ; kyoshi (擧 

it) ; dosa (動作). 
Demi-lime, n. hangetsu-hd (半月 

Demise, n. (of property) iten (移 轉) ; 

(decease of royalty) hogyo (崩 iip). 
Demise, t.v. yidgon de yudzuru. 

I>emisemiquaver, n. sanjunibu- 
ompi/ (三 "h 二分音符). 

Demobilization, n.fukuin (復晨 ). 

Democracy, n. minshu-seltal (民主 
政体) ; heimin-seiji (平民 政 f 台) ;. min- 
Jcen-seiji 很權 政治 j; mmsei ; (re- 
public) Jcydica-seitai (共和政 鉢). 

Democratic, a ; party, mhi- 

seito (民 纖. 

principles, mwji-shugi (民 治 


Demolish, t.v. uchl-koicasu ; ko 鶴- 
su ; hakwai s. • 

ed bouse (by intindation, 

etc.), isuhiire-ya. 

Demolition, n. hakwai (破 壞). 

Demon, n. onl ; akuma (惡 魔) ; akk'l 
(惡 鬼). 

Demonetization, n. tsUyd-halsld 

(通用 廢 止). 
Demonetize, t.v. nojtsuyd v:o hal- 

shi s. 

Demonstrable, a. shoko-daterare- 

Demonstrably, adv, meiryo ni. 
Demonstrate, t.v. (explain) toki- 
akasu ; seisumei (說响 ) s ; hemmei 
(辯 明) s ; (make clear) meihaku (明 
}^)ni s ; meiryo (明 嘹) ni s. 
Demonstration, n. shdmei (證 明) ; 
(of armed force) jii-unao (宇 威 動). 

to show by practical , 


Demonstrative, a adjec- 
tive, shishi-keiydshi (指示 形容詞). 

pronoun, sMshi-daimdshi 


Demonstratively, adv. arl-ari to ; 
arawa ni. 

Demoralization, n. (of manners) 

Jcwairan (^ID- 
Demoralize, t.v. (corrupt morals 

of) nolfugi (風儀) ico midasu. 

to be d, rmdare-ru. 

Demur, i.v. igi (異議) wo iw. 
Demure, a. majime no ; (shy) uchiki 


Demurrage, n. taisenU (、滞 船 費). 
I>en, n. ana ; sdkutsu (巢 ®). 
Denationalization, n. kokuseki- 

soshitsu (國籍 喪失). 
I>eiiial, n. uchi-keshi ; Mtei (否定). 

Denizened, a persons, eij?2- 

min (永! £ 民). 
Denmark, n. De 糊 lakkoku (丁抹 


Deiioiniiiate, t.v. ionae-ru ; sho 

m) s. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 

[ 225 ] 


l>enominatiou, n. (name) mdshd 
(名 稱); tonae ; (kind) rui ; shurui 
(種 ftj ; (classification) ruibeisu { Wi 
M) ; (religious) slumon (^f^) ; Imjo- 
ha (教派) ; shfika. 

Denominator, n. (arith.) himho 

Denote, t.v. sasu ; nojshirusJu ni 

Denounce, t.v. (stigmatize) hinan 
(非難) s; tsfiron (痛論) s; (inform 
against) kokuhatsu (告發 ) s ; ni/il- 
kake wo s ; (a treaty) h iiki (廢棄 ) sj 
to …… one's self (to the judicial 
Auths.), jishu (自首) s [Cr. Co.]; 
ヌ' so (齒訴 ) s. 

Dense, a. me no tsumaUa ; sukima no 
mi; (asof afog)/u/cai; (of a forest) 

I>ensely, adv. miUu (密) nl ; sukima 
no nai hodo ni. 

Density, n. (degree of) kohaku (厚 
薄) [lit. thick-thin] ; somitsu (魏密 ) 
[lit. sparse-close] ; (of the atmos- 
phere) keijit (輕 重) [lit. light-heavy]. 

Dent, n. hekoml ; kiiboml. 

Dentist, n. ha-lsha ; f^Mkim-i (齒科 

Dentistry, n. shik 而. 

Denuded, a. hill い… of forests, 


to become , hage-ini. 

Denunciation, n. (arraignment) 
kokuhatsu ; (of a treaty) haiki (廢棄 ). 

Deny, t.v. expr. by neg. vb. followed 
to ill ; (gainsay) ii-kem ; (refuse) 

*o one's self, o ひひ re ni katsu ; 

:) 鶴 (自制) s\ gaman (我慢) s; 
shimbo (辛抱) s. 

Deodar, n. IHmaraya-sugi. 

Deodorize, t.v. no/shfikl (臭 氣) w'o 

Deodorizer, n. shm-dcme ; hdshii- 
(防臭 劑). 

Depart, i.v. (set off) tatsu ; shuttatsu 
({fi tzl) s ; shuppatsu (出 發) s ; (with- 
draw) talhyo (返 去) s ; (for home) 


to from (deviate from), ni/ 

hadzure-ru ; loo/sute-ru ; nijtaqau ; 

as, to from a rule, JcisoJm 

ni haazure-ru. 

Department, n. (prefecture) ken 
(#.) ; (ministry of state) -shd ; as, the 

Naval , Kaigunsho (诲軍 省) ; 

(bureau) Im (ま. . 

concern ea, sono suji 

sub ...... , kijoku (局) ; kwa (課). 

Departmental , a business, 

shdmu (省 務) • , 

…… notification, sJiorei (省令). 
Departure, n. shuttatm ; shup- 
patsu ; (of a ship) shuppan ; (from a 
port) shukkd (出 

from precedent, rei {^) ni 

tagau koto. 

hours of arrival and (as, 

of trains), hatchaku-jikan (? ^ き 時 

I>epeiicl, i.v. to on, (be con- 
tingent on) nilyoru ; rdlkicankei 
(關 係) s ; nilkakawaru ; (confide 
in) wo I ate ni s ; (rely on for sup- 
port) nilirai (依 賴) s ; ni/ianomu ; 
(trust) nil shin wo oku ; icof shiny d 

that s on circumstances, 

sore loa haai ni yoru. 

that s on the amount of 

money (offered, or paid), sore ica 
kane shidai de aru. 

a person to be ed on, 

tanomoshii hito. 

not to be ed on, (of per- 
sons) tanomoshiku nai ; tayori ni 
naranu ; (of things) ate ni naranu, ' 

Dependency, n. (subject territory) 
zokkoku (屬國 ) ; —hi (頜 地), 

Dependent, n. yakkai ; isord ; 
shokkaku (食客). 

Dependent, a. to be on, no/ 

yakkai (厄介) ni nam ; ico/tayori 
ni s ; niftayoru ; noljoryoku (助力) 
ni naru. 

Depletion, n. ketsvlio (铁乏 ) ; kuhd 
(空 乏). 

Hosted by 



[ 226 ] 


Deplorable, a. kanasMl ; nagekaica- 
shii ; oshii ; zannen-shigoku (殘; f: 至 
極) 亂 ♦ 

condition, sanjo (慘 状). 

Deplorably, adv. airare ni ; kana- 
shii hodo ni. 

Deplore, t.v. zannen ni omou ; kana- 
shimii ; oshimu ; tansoku (歎, き、) s ; 
gait 鶴 (慨歎) s, 

Deploy, i.T. tenkal (學 開) s. 

to into skirmishing- or- 
der, sampei (撒 兵) ni hiraku. 

Deponent, n. shdnin (證 人】; (one 
who testifies in writing) shdmeisha 
(證明 者). 

Depopulate, t.v. to be …… ed, no] 

jinko (人口) ひ (る sliometsu (ifi 威) s. 
Depopillatiou, n. jlnkd-slwmetsu. 
Deport, t.v. hdchiJcu (放逐) s ; tsuiluj 

(追放) s ; taikyo (返 去) sase-ru. 
Deportation, n. hdchlku ; tsuihd. 
Deportment, n. mimochi ; (jyorji 

(行儀); sahd (作— 法); Mr ふ 5( 品 ff); 

furumai ; gyojo (fT/t^c). 
Depose, i.v. mbsU-tate-ru ; sltogen 

(證 言) s\ Icijbjutsu (供述) s; chin- 

jutsu (陳 i^) s ; shoko-date-ru. 
Depose, t.v. hai s ; hairitsu (® 立) s ; 

nolJcurai wo oiosu. 
a d Sovereign, haiiei (^^ji-). 

Deposit, t.Y. (for safe-keeping) adzu- 
ke-ru ; (with the.Auths.) kyoiaku 
託) s [Com. Co" Civ. Pro.] ; (an object 
in a certain place) oku ; sue-ru. 

i)eposit, n. (thing deposited) adzu- 
kari-mono ; (in pawn) shichimotsu 
(質 斗' 勿) ; {bargain-money) tedzuke ; 

- uchilcin ; (in Court or with the 
Auths.) kybtaku ; kyotaJcuJcin (供 重乇 
金); (as security) tsumikin ; (of 
goods at a warehouse) Jcitaku (寄 雷乇) 
[Civ. Co., Com. Co. J ; (sediment) 
odomi ; chindemhidsu (沈激 物). 

at call, tsucM-adzukari (通知 


bureau, yokinkyoku (預金 

局). ' 

office, kyotaJcujo (供き! i 所) 

[Civ. Co.]. 

receipt, adzvJcari-shdsho. 

fixed , teUci-adzukari ; ielki- 


Depositary? n. hokwansha (保管 
者) [Civ. Co.]. 

Deposition, n. (of a witness) shogen 
(證 言); kyojutsu ; (written) chinjvtsu- 
sho (陳述書); kyojutsusho (供述書).; 
(taken by procurator or police) Jciki- 
torl-fjaki ; (taken by judge) jimmon- 
chosho (訊問 調書) [Cr. Pro.] ; kokyo- 
chosho (口供 調書); (of Sovereign) 
hairitsu (廢 立) ; (trom office) men- 
shoku (免職). 

I>ei>OSitor, n. (at a bank) adzuke- 
nusld ; adzuke-nin ; (of goods at a 
warehouse, etc.) kUakxi.sha (ず i: 言乇 者) 
[Civ. Co., Com. Co.]. 

Depository, n. okiba. 

Depot, n. chozdjo (貯藏 所); oklha ; 
mono-okiba ; (railway station) teisha- 
jd ; (mil.) hon-ei (本 營). 

coal (coaling station), chotan- 

jo (R 宁炭 所). 、 
ship (for torpedo-boats), 

hokan (母 艘). _ 

remount , shimhashd (新 馬 


Depraved, a. gehita ; iyashii ; r/esu- 
hatta ; Jdretsu na. 

Depravity, n. jashin (^15心); jci- 
kyoku (邪曲); Uretsu (卑劣); (of 
public morals) alcufu (惡 ま). 

Deprecate, t.v. ica/fudoi (不同意) de 
afu ; icojhinan {^fi^)s. 

to (another's) anger, kamhen 

(勘 辨) kou. ' 

Depreciate, t.v. (lower in value) 
nojatai wo sage-ru ; (coin) nolkurai 
ICO sage-ru ; (speak ill of) kusasu ; 
kenasu ; (despise) keihefsu ($m) s ; 
sagesumu ; mi-sage-ru. 

Depreciate, i.v. n6\atal ga sagaru ; 
geraku s. 

Depreciation, n. geraku (下落). 

Depress, t.v. (lower) sage-ru. 
...... ed (in mind), ki no omoi. 

to be ed, ica\ki ga omoku 

naru ; ica]kl ga fusaide oru ; (of 
trade) fukeiJci (不 景氣) de aru ; 
fushin (不振) de aru. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 227 ] 



(of the weather) 

Depression, n. (dent) h-v.homi ; (of 
trade) fukeiJci ; (morbid) yfadsuhyb 
(憂靜 病) ; (atmospheric) teij'ckitsu (ff^ 
氣壓 ). ― 

area of , telkiatsu no kuiki 

(區 域). 

Deprive, t.v. to of, icofuhau ; 

woluhai-ioru ; (of rights, honours, 
etc.) xcojhakudatsu (剝 奪) 
to be . . . . . . d of, ' 

Depth, n. fukasa ; sensh'm (淺 深) 
[lit. shallow-deep] ; (of a plot of 
ground) oJcu-yulcl. 

s, (recesses, as of a forest) oku 

(奥) ; {iig.)fucM ; as, ...... s of dis- 
appointment, shits-uhd (失望) no 

Deimtatloii, n. sbdahdii (總、 代人); 
iin (委員). 

Depute, t.v. myodai Ti ni okum, 
or tate-ru ; itaku (委托 ) s [id of the 

Deputy, n. dal)dn (f^ 人); myodai ; 
(in combination with name of 'office) 
dairi- (代理). 

I>erail, t.v. dassen sase-ru. 

to be …… ed, dassen (脫 線) s. 
I>eraiige, t.v. midasu ; no/jun (| 噴) 

wo midasu ; chirakasu ; honzaisu 


a . … . .d person, ranshimmono. 

to be d, mldare'ru ; konzatsu 

•s* ; (mentally) wd]ki ga ' 

Derangement, n. konzatsu 雑) ; 
(mental) ranshin (亂 神) ; seishin- 
sakuran (情 神 錯亂) [Cr. Co.]. 

Derelict, n. (ship) noH-suteia fune ; 
hydryusen (漂流船) ; haisen (廢 船). 

Dereliction, n. okotari ; kaiiai (懈 

Deride, t.v. chord (嘲弄) s ; 鎮- 
icarau ; esera-imrai s ; gurd (, 愚、 弄) s ; 
naburi-mono ni s. 

Derision, n. choro ; esem-warai. 

subject of , imrai-gusa. 

to incur , icarmcare-ru. 

Derivation, n. de-dokoro ; Jclgen ($G 
原) ; 入 ひ "ひ (根元). 

Derive, t.v. (receive) mora'' ; e-ru ; 
(acquire) shutoku (取 f 唇) ,<?• 

s Its validity from, niyottej 

tcoryoku (効力) wo shoji-ru (生), 
to toe d, de'ru ; (be trans- 
mitted) tsutawaru. . 

to one's food-supDlv from 

abroad, shokurydUn (食料品) u'o 
"、ひ (夕 卜國) れ 《 (《o ひ',. 

Dermis, n. 

I (眞 皮). 

Derogate, i.v. to from, wo I 

sonjlru (ft). 

I>esceiul, i.v. (go down) kudani ; 
(subside) mgaru ; (get down) orlru ; 
(by transmission) tsutawaru. 

I>escencl, t.v. kudani, 

I>esceudaiit, n. shison (子孫). 

lineal …… , chokJcel-hizoku (直 系 

l>esceiit, n. (lineage) ie-gara ; sujd 
(素性) ; ie-sifjl ; (blood) Jceitd (血統) ; 
chi-sKji ; (genealogy) keidzu (系 圖); 
(of Christ or the Holy Spirit) kdrin 
(降臨); (declivity) kudari ; saka ; 
(act of descending) kudari ; (of a 
mountain) gesan (下山); (attack) 
sMgelci (襲 擊). 

a person of high 譲", 

L ま Ilka (門閥 家). 

I>escribe, t.v. nojiware, or ydsu, ico 
iu ; (in writing) no/ hear e u'o kaku. 
are d, kaite aru. 

Description, n. (account of) iware ; 
hanashi ; (enmnercation of particulars) 
hyoji (表示) [Civ. Pro.] ; (explanation) 
setsumei (說 明); (kind) rui (類); 
tagui ; (of goods) kuchi ; te ; (a note 
appended) kiji (記事) ; (of a person's 
appearance) ninso ; ninsogaJd (人相 
書) [written]. • 

beggars …… , w ゆ, wljd (名 狀) 

ga deJcinai. 

Descry, t.v. ; mi-Idas u. 
Desecrate, t.v. kegctsu ; no/sMnsel 

'(神聖) midasu. 
Desecration, n. kegashJ. 

Hosted by 



[ 228 ] 


Desert, n. (sandy region) sabaku (砂 
^) ; sumMra ; sunappara. 

Desert, t.v. okimri ni s ; Iki (遣 棄) s. 

Desert, i.v. kake-ochi s; dasso (晚 
走) s; tbbb (逃亡) s\ ioso (逃走)." 
(from a ship) dassen (晚 船) s ; (from 
a war-ship) dakkan (晚 艦) s ; (from 
the army) aatsuei (晚營 ) s. 

Deserter, n. (fugitjlve) dassdmn ; 
iobdsha ; idsdsha ; (from a ship) das- 
sennin ; dassensha ; (from a war-ship) 
dakkansha ; (mil.) datsiieihei ; dasso- 
hei (11^ 走 兵). 

Desertion, n. dasso ; (from a ship) 
dassm ; (of a soldier) datsuei ; (as of 
a wife by her husband) iki (遺棄) 
[Civ. Co.]. 

Deserts, n. (that which is merited) 
expr. by .90^0 (相 當) no foil, by some 
equiv. of Recompense, Punish- 
ment, etc. ; (meritorious acts) Jcdseki 
(功績). • 

above one's , Jcwahun (過分) 


I>eserve, t.v. he …… s a beating, 

are wo hutte mo 11. 

he s a reward, hobl wo yaru 

held moil da. 

he s 10 years penal servi- 
tude, ehdeki jiinen no neiicni ga 

the punishment he s, s5t ら 

no hatsu. 

Deserving*, a of, nl sdtd sum. 

a crime of death, shi (死) ni 

ataru tsumi. 

a person of praise, homu- 

helci hito. 

Design, n. (pattern) moyd (模檬 ) ; 
(model) hinagata ; (artistic) isho {M, 
gc) ; (drawing) edzu ; (preliminary 
sketch) shita-e ; (scheme) kufu (ェ 
夫) ; keikwaku (計 霱) ; kuwadate ; 
keiei (經營 ) ; sandan (i: 段); (inten- 
tion) mokuromi ; (plan ror an engi- 
neering work, etc.) sekicei (設計). 

s (in a bad sense), yashin (野 


a hat of new , shingata-hdshi. 

to form a , mokuroriii wo 


to form the of, expr. by 

future foil, by to kuwadate'vu. 
Design, t.v. (a drawing) hiku ; 
(scheme) kuwadale'ru- ; keikimku s ; 
mokuromu ; no! sekicei wo s. ' 

Desig nate, t.v. (indicate) sJdmesu ; 
shitei (ta'5) 5 ; (indicate for a post) 
nilnaitd (南 定) s [before appt. is 
actually gazetted]. 

Designation, n. shitei ; kijoji (表示) 
[Civ. Pro.] ; (name) meisho (名稱 )• 

Desifi'iiedly, adv. wam-waza ; whza- 
io ; kotosara ni ; koi (奴; "g,) ni. 

Desig'iiing', a. kosui ; kdlcaisu (狡 
滑) na ; yashin no aru ; inken (陰 
na. - 
person, kemooka (ffifJ^^). 

Desirable, a. nozomashu ; hoshu. 

Desire, n. nozomi ; kibo (希望) ; (for 
food, life, etc.) yoku (愁 ) ; (in bad 
sense) yokushin (愁, じ、) ; (prayer) 
negai. _ 

cherished , slmkubo ['^'%) ; 

hongwan (tKH); hommo (TfC^). 

Desire, t.v. nozomu ; Iciho s ; hoshi- 
garu ; (followed by an infinitive) 
expr. by -tai suffixed to indef. form 
of the vb. 

I d to, -tai to omotta. 

not as much, as one cou 丄 d 
, omou yo ni "with neg. Tb. 

Desired, a. omowasMl. 

Desist, i.v. yamu. 

to from, wo/yame-ru ; wo! 

yosu ; wolyoshi ni s. 
Desk, n. (table) isukue ; shodal (書 

臺) ; (box) ? mnfco (文庫). 
Desolate, t.v. arasu ; are-chi ni s. 
Desolate, a. samishii ; sekiryd (寂 

寥) na ; (forlorn, of persons) kokoro- 

losoi ; (abandoned, of persons) tayori 

no nai. 

Desolation, n. kwohai (3^£廢). 
Despair, n. omoi-kin ; zetsvM ; nld- 

Hosted b ん 00 ヌ 


[ 229 ] 


Despair, i.v. omoi-Mru ; wci] れ ozomi 
rja isulci'hate-ru ; zetsuoo (|g 望) s ; 
kakugo (覺' 1 吾) s ; saj'i ico nage-ru 
[slang]. ' 


Despatch, n. (letter) 
sJwmen (箐 面). 

circular , hwaibun (回文); 

kwaisho (O 草). 

of troops, shuppei (出兵). 

hour of (of mail), sashifate- 


Despatell, t.v. (send) okuru ; dasu ; 
■yariL ; okuri-dasu ; (as a letter) sashi- 
iate-ru ; sashi-dasu ; (as goods) has so 
(? § 送) s ; (for a particular duty, as 
officials, ships, troops, etc.) haken (派 
遣) s ; (arrange) sumasu ; hakadorase- 
ru ; nojracM wo ake'ru ; . (kill) uehi- 

to troops, stnwpel s ; hei u'o 


l>espateli-l)<)at, n. hocldkan (報知 


I>esi>atc!h-box, n. bunko (文庫). 

Desperate, a. (reckless) muyami na ; 
muteppd na ; (causing despair) zdtai- 
zeisumei (絕 鉢絕 命) no; hisshi (必 
死) no. 

to become , (of a person) 

inochi-gake ni nam ; (reckless from 
desperation) yoke wo okosu. 

to make a effort, chikara- 

■ippai ni, or iss-hd-kemmei ( 一生 懸ぁ) 
ni, hataraku. 

Desperately, adv. isshd-kemmei rd ; 
muyami ni ; inochi-gake ni natie ; 
hisshi to natte. 

Desperation, n. Msshl ; shinimono- 

Despicable, a. iyashvi ; Idrdsu (卑 
劣) na ; misage-hateta. 


一 .. >etsu (輕 

蔑] s ; besshi (蔑' il) s ; iyashime-ru ; 
(make too light of) anadoru : karuku 

Despite, pi'ep. ni kakaicaradzu. 

I>espoil, t.v. kasume-ru. 

to of, kasume-toru [witli ico 

after the thing, ni after the person] ; 
rijodatsv. (掠奪) s. 

Despise, t.v. mi-kudasu ; sagesi 
sageshimu ; mi-sage-ru ; kei も ets\ 

Despoliation, n. ryddatsu. 

Despond, i.v. cJdkara wo otosu ; tea] 
Jci-ochi ga s. 

Despondency, n. kl-ocM ; rakutan 
(落 瞻) ; (disease) yuutsuhyo (憂欝 病) ; 
kiutsubyo (氮欝 病). 

Despondent, a. genki (元 氣) ?<o nai. 
to be , to shite oru ; 

I> e spo n cien 1 1 y , adv. genki a" lev, ; 
utsu-utsu to shite ; hotto shite. 

Despot, n. sensei-kunsJm (專制 君主). 

Despotic, a. sensel no ; (arbitrary) 
sendan (ggfj) れ o. 

Despotically, adv, sendan ni 

Despotism, n. (antocraey) kunshu- 
sensei (^"主-#政). 

Dessert, n. midzugwasM [lit., fruit] ; 
hikimono [generally applied to food a 
guest takes away with him]. 

Destination, n. iku-saki ; moku- 
tekiehi ( g 的 地) ; (of a thing) todoke- 
saki ; (of goods) okuri-saki. 

port of , iotatsuko (iij 達 港) 

[Com. Co.]. 

Destine, t.v. to for, ni sadame- 

ru ; ni yotei (豫定 ) s. 

I>estiiiy, n. temmei (天命) ; (fate) un ; 
ummel (運命) ; (future fortune) iku- 

Destitute, a. (totally lackiDg) ikko 
nai ; (poor) hinkyu (爱 窮) na ; mv.shi- 
ryoku (無 * 力) n'a. 

to become , reiraku (零落) s. 

to be of shame, haji ico 


Destitution, n. /imtoi (ftffi). 

I>estroy, t.v. (an enemy) horooosu ; 
meisubo s ; (a thing) kowasu ; tsiibusu ; 
liakwai s ; naku s ; (as vermin, pests, 
etc.) kujo s ; kuchiku s ; (by fire) 

to be ed, hovdbi-ru. 

destruction, n. meisvhb ひ 威 亡) ; 
hakwai (filj 壞) ; (extirpation) kujo (|g 
除) ; kmhiku (騸逐 ). 

Hosted by 



[ 230 ] 


Destructive, a. gai ico sum ; yiVjai 
れ 0; (as opp. to constructive) 

hakwai-tekl {no) ; shdkyoku-tekl (消極 

Desultory, a fighting*, lo- 


talk, zatsuwit (雑話). 

in a manner, junjo (順序) 

naku ; chibi-chibi ; to work at a 

number of things in a 

manner, hoho (方々) ku'i-chh'a 广 

Detach, t.v. (things) hadzusu ; (per- 
sons) hanasu ; (for duty) haken (派 
遣) s; hasshutsu (發出 ) 5^; (for duty 
at a particular spot) e shutcho (出張) 
sase-ru ; (as a car from a train) kaihd 

mm s. , 
to be ed, 

to troops, hel v: 

hei U'O hunken (分 s. 
Detachable, a. tori-had zashl no 

Detached, a building*, hana- 

...... force, shiial (枝隊). 

palace, rikyu 宮). 

Detacliment, n. hunkentaA (分遣 

1^) ; himiai ; shital. 

Detail, n. komakai iokoro. 

" isal (委系 PI) ; 

in , shosai (詳翻 I) "i ; komaka 

ni ; cIdJcuichi {M—) ; (one by one) 
ichi-icM (一々). 

to go into s, shosai ni waiaru. 

Detail, t.v. ichi-khl nohe-ru ; (in writ- 
ing) komaka 7il kaJcu ; vekkyo (歹 ij 
擧) s ; shoki (詳記) s. 

Detailed, a. kuwashil ; komalnl. 

report, shoho (詳報). 

rules, saisoJcu {MM)- 

Detain, t.v. iome-ru ; sashi-tcme ru ; 
todome'ru ; (in custody) tome-oku ; 
ryftchl (留置) s ; osae-ru ; kdryiJ はる 

m) s. 

Detect, t.Y. Dii-tsuke-ru ; mi-idasu. 

easily to be ed, Icandzukare- 

yasui. * 

to be ed (a.s of a crime), ara- 

warem ; hal kal u (? $覺) s ; rokeii 
(露 顯) s. 

Detection, n. hahkaku ; (act of 
detecting) hakken (錢 見). 

Detective, n. tantei (探偵) ; keiji- 
junsa (刑事 巡査) ; [under the Tokn- 
gawa regime the following terms, 
now obsolete, were in use : okappiJci ; 
ommitsu (穩密 ) ; iMsshii (八州)]. 

plain-clothes , mikko-j unset 

(密行 巡 g). 

Detention, n. eqiiiv. of Detain 
foil, by koto ; (of a ship) teisen (序 
船) ; (imprisonment, not exceeding 
10 days) Icbryu [Cr. Co.] ; (by police) 

expenses of (of seaman de- 
serter), ry fichlhi (留 g 費). 

house of , Icdryfgo (拘留 所) 

[Cr. Co.] ; (before trial) miketsukan 
(未 决襤 ). 

warrant of , koryfijo (拘留 狀) 

[Cr. Pro.]. 
量) eter, t.v. tome'vu ; samatar/e-ru. 
to "be red "by ― from doing", 

—— wo osorete shinai. 

deteriorate, i.v. waniku nam ; 
ochi-ru ; (decline in -prosperity) otoro- 
e'ru ; suihl s. 

Deterioration , n. immku naru 
koto ; (in prosperity) otoroe ; suibi 
(衰微 )• 

I>etermiiiation, n. (act of deci- 
sion) kettei (決定) ; ketsudan (决斷 ) ; 
keisujd (决定 5 ; (resoluteness) kessJdn 
(l^'\l、) ; kdsudan. 

of blood to the head, vol>o- 

se ; gyakujd (逆上). • 

to suffer from of blood to 

the head, nobose-ru. 

D<itei'】lliiie, t. and i.v. klme-ru ; 
sadame-ru ; kettei s ; ketsudan s ; (fix) 
kcikutei (?!^定) s ; (designate) sada- 
me-ru ; shitei (ta^) s ; (ascertain by 
measurement, etc.) hakaru ; (cease, 
as a right) shometsu U 肖 iJ^) s ; (make 
up one's mind) 《(意) wo kessuru. 

to be d to, nojikigomi ga aru, 

to be d not to be beaten, 

rnakenai hi ni natte oru. 

to to, koto ni kime-ni, or kes- 

suru, following vb. 

Hosted by 



[ -231 ] 


Determined, a. (resolute) l.essMn 
no tsiiyoi ; omoi-kiri no yoi. 

in a manner, danl-o (斷 乎) 

to si die ; damen (斷然 ). 

Detest, t.v. nllcumu : fjoku kirau. ; 
imi-Jcirau ; ken-o (嫌 惡) s ; リ ohu iya 
nl omou. 

Detestable, a. nikui ; aikumshll. 

Detestably, adv. nikurasJdl hodo ; 
iya rd. 

I>ete station, n. (loathing) eqniv. of 
Detest foil, by koto ; (object of) 

De til rone, t.v. limd lara otosu ; 
hairlisu s. 

d Emperor, haitd (廢 帝). 

I> e t li roil e 111 e 11 1 , n. hairltsu (廢 立) ; 

hciu (廢 位). 

Detoiiiiting ;、 tube, qelAhatsu- ま 
1義'' (擊^ 信 fO. 

I>etoiiatioii, n. hakusel (爆' 5f ). 

I>etoiiator, n. raikimn (雷 ^1^') ; 
kwan ; hakuhatsu-kican (爆發 管'). 

Detoiii*, n. mawari-mlcJiL 

to make a , maw at") Iku ; 

ukwai (汪 回) s. 

Detract from, i.v. (depreciate) 
kenasu ; kiisasu ; (vilify) sos/iiru ; 
hi 議 I (非難) s. 

to the value of, no/neacJu 

v:o ofosu. 

Detriment, n. .<<ow/ai (根 害) ; 讓 i- 
md (損 毛). 

Oetrillieiltal, a. (jai nl rviru ; son 

ni nam ; yugai (有害) no. 
Deuteronomy, n. sJurmncll i (r^^ 


Deutzia, n. u-no-hana ; utsugl. 

I>eva, n. the two , JVio (二王). 

the four , SJdtennd (四天王). 

! Devastate, t.v. arasu. 

d district (by floods), suir/al- 

chi (ホ窗 地) ; higaicM (被害地). 

to be d (of land, as by an 

emption), kv:dhai ( "^廢 ) nl naru. 

Devastation, n. (state of) kwdhal. 

! Develope, t.v. hlraku ; sakan ni s ; 
(disclose) arawasu ; uchi~ake'ru ; (ex- 
ploit) kaihatsu (開 發) s : (photo. j gen- 
zo (棚 s. 
to symptoms of brain con- 
gestion, nd-jukelsu-sho (腦 充血 症) 
ICO hassuru (|^). 

Develope, i.v. hirake-m ; sakan rd 
nam ; (of growth) ? latsuiku (ぎ 望 育) s ; 
(progress) hattatsu (錢 達) s ; (of the 
intelligence) 2f:a] c/iie リ a isuku : (of 
disease) hassei (錢 生) s. 

Developer, n. (photo.) <jen~j)-<jusun. 

Development, n. (growth) hatsu- 
iku ; (progress) hattatsu ; (of a coun- 
try's resources) kaihatsu (開 發) ; (ex- 
pansion) lamkucUb (擴ま ; as, : 

of the navy, ka Igu n-kwakucho . 

. .. s (of a situation), ienkal (展 

開) ; hattm (發展 ). 

theory, shinkm'ron (進化 WifiO 

Deviate, i.T, hadzure-riL. 

to from, nllha.dztire-ru. 

I>eviatioii, n. (of a ship) /">り (航路) 
no lienkb (ま [Com. Co.]. 

Device, n. (stratagem) hakarif/oto ; 
keiryakii (計 la^) ; sakuryaku (gl 略).; 
hoben ; (contrivance) sldkumi ; sni- 
kake ; kiifu ; (pattern) moijd (ま 釋) ; 
(for raising funds) smidan (ま 段 j ; 
kumen (Xif). 

new , sMn-hufa (新 工夫). 

Devil, n. (Yid : akuraa (惡 魔) ; akkl 

(惡 鬼). _ 
Devious, a. maicari-doi. 
Devise, t.Y. kangae-dasu ; mokuromu; 
hakaru ; Jcvfu s ; (by will) yuigon (遺 
^) de yudzuru. 

to a means of, nolmichi wo 

koji'Vu (講 )• 

to a scheme, レ Mfil ico megu- 


Devoid, a. no/mil ; as, of pity, 

nasake no nai. 
Devolution, n. (of property) ferdeii 

(轉々 ); ifen (#11). 
Devolve upon, i.v. nljki (歸) s ; 

nljkakaim ; nijocJufe kurn. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 

[ 232 ] 


Devolve, t.v. makase-ru ; yudane-ru. 

Devote, i.v. (to the gods) hono (奉納) 
s ; (to a purpose) ate-hame m. 

he is a d adherent of the 

TTichiren sect, kori-katamari no 
hokke (法 華) da. 

to be d to, 7ii/nesshln (熱. C、) 

.9 ; ni/mi wo ire-ru ; nijkoru ; niffuke, 

ru [gen. in bad sense] ; he is d 

to study, gakumon ni mi wo ireru. 

to one's self to, wo/isshin 

(一心) ni yam. 

to one's self entirely to, 

wolmoppara ni s. 

Devotee, n. shinjci (信者) ; (pilgrim) 
び 2/5 か (行者). 

Devotion, n. (to a person or study) 
shushin (執心) ; (religious) shinjin (信 
i じ、) ; keiicensJdn (敬虔, じ、). 

Devour, t.v. kurau ; gatsu-gatsu ta- 
he-ru ; (eat completely) Jcutte shimmi. 

Devout, a. shinjin-hukai. 

Devoutly, adv. shinjin-hukaku. 

Devoiitness, n. shhijin-hukai koto. 

DcAV, n. tsuyu. 

evening' , yo4suyu. 

morning' , asa-tsuyu. 

the falls, tsuyu <ja orl-ra, or 


Dewlap, a. tare-niku. 

Dexterity, a. tebayai koto ; takumi. 

Dexterous, a. (of hand) jbdzu ( 上手) 
mi ; tebayai ; ude no shilckari shita ; 
tegiwa no kirei (奇麗) na ; kbmyb (巧 
jl?) na ; (lit. and fig.) icivo na. 

Dexterously, adv. takumi ni ; jddzu 
ni ; kiyo ni. 

Diabetes, n. tdnycibyo (糖尿病) ; 
mitsunyo (蜜 尿). 

Diacritical mark, hatsuompu (發 

Diagnose, t.v. mitate-ru. 

to as, to/ mitate-ru ; to/shindan 

(診 新) ん 

Diagrnosis, n. shindan ; mitate ; 
satsuhyo (^^) ; shinsatsu | 診 p). 
a wrong" , mitafe-chigai. 

Diagonal, a. taikakusen (對 角緣) ; 
sha 篇 (斜線). ― 
marcb, shako (錄 行). 

Diasroiially, adv. naname ni ; hasu 
ni ; hasukake rd ; kesagake ni [chiefly 
of a sword-cut], 
to march , shako s. 

Diagram, n. dzu (圖) ; (design of an 
article to be made) hinagata. 

to draw a , dzu wo hiku ; 

katachi wo kaku. 

Dialect, n. kuni-kotoha ; hd(/eri (方 
言) ; (brogue) namari. 

Dialogue, n. mondo (問答) ; iahca 
(對售 舌) ; (on the stage) serif u. 

Dial-plate, n. moji-ita. 

Diameter, n. sashl-icatashl : choJckei 
(直 徑). 

Diametrically, adv op- 
posite, sei-hantai (反 對) no. 

Diamond, n. * ; kongdseJd (金剛石) ; 
(card) yakko. 
shape, hishi-gata. 

Diapason, n. ichikoisu (一越). 

Diaper, n. (breech-cloth) o-sldme ; 

shimeshi ; (pattern) jimon i 地紋). 
Diaphoretic, n. hakkanzai (發汗 


Diaphragm, n. dkakumaku (橫隔 

Diarrhoea, n. geri (下 病). 

to suffer from , リ taixi ga 

Jcudaru ; geri s. 

I>iary, n. niklcL 

pocket , kwalchfMilkkl (1 蜜 中 

日 i ヒ). 

Diathesis, n. soin (素因). 
Diatribe, n. gekiron (激論) ; isuron 

Dibs, n. (game) ie-dama. 
Dice, n. sai. 

a throw of the , me. 

cogged , ikasama no sal 

box, sai-dzutsu. 

to throw the , sai ico furu. 

I>icentra speetabilis, kemansd. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 

,へ ヌ,〜 も,: ^ 巧〜 

-、 ,ズ > て- ノ rvr 


[ 233 1 


Dictate, to to, ni/sashidzu 

ICO s ; ni/shiki (ネ旨 揮) iw s. 

! Dictate, t.v. 7mJd-forase'ri' ; kurhi de 
ate ru. 

Dictate, n. sashidzu ; skidd (指導). 

! Dictation, n. (ordering) sashidzu. 

at the of, no sashidzu ico 


to take down from , kaJd- 


to write from , kaki-fori v:o 

writing" from , 


Dictator, n. doku sa i-skv. ken sha (獨 
裁主灌 者). 

Dictatorial, a, saslddzv-gamashli ; 
hdjaku-hiijin (傍 若 無 八) na.' 

I>lCtatorially, adv. hdjaku-hvjin ni. 

Diction, n. kucho (句 調). 

Dictionary, n. jiUki ; jisho (字書); 
jiten (字典) ; jii (字 棄) ; [the latter two 
words chiefly in the titles of works ; 
as, kdki-jilen 應; ノ银 字典] ; r/yokuhen 
ほ 篇) [or Ohm. characters only] ; (of 
words arranged acc. to the iroha) 
"biographical , jiminei-jisho 

- (人名 字書). 

pocket , kicaichu-jibiki 蜜 中 

字引); shiichin-jisho (軸 珍 字書), 
to looK. out a word in a , 

jibiki (le Icotdba wo hiku ; jifj'iki wo 

I>ictum, n. kakugen (fiji 言). 

Didactic, a. (conveying moral in- 
struction) kyokunteki (教訓的) no. 、 
to be , mono shir I'buru. 

Die, n. (one of a pair of dice) sai ; 
(for coins) kata- 

Die, i.v. stiinu ; naku nuru ; shibo (死 
亡) s ; hossuru {^^) ; shikyo (死去) s ; 
seikyo (逝去- s ; shi s ; kcde'ru ; ai- 
hate'ru ; wa\iki (/a tae-ru ; bjb (往生) 
s ; (polite terms) o kakiire rd naru ; 
chosei (長逝) s ; (of royalty) hogyo 
(網 御) s ; o kakure ni naru ; (of a 
prince, noble, or high official) Icdkyo 
(達 去) ヌ'; (of a priest of high posi- 

tion) sencje (遷化) s ; (of cattle) tao- 
re-ru ; heishi (f| 死) s ; (of a tree or 
plant) kare-ru. 

to all but , shini-sokonmi. 

to by violence, henshi (g、 

死) s. 

to in battle, seiisld (戰 死) 

s ; uchi-jim s. 

to of, (le/shhm ; to of 

disease, bydshi (病死) s ; to 

of love, kogare-jini v:o s ; to 

of starvation, v.e-jird s ; gashi 
(餓死) s, ' 

to out, shini-tae'vu ; (as of an 

epidemic) (ft> ま滅 j s. 
to let before one's very- 

eyes (being powerless to help), 
mi-r/oroshi ni s. 

I>iervilla japonic a, hakon^-utm- 

Dies 11011, heite'M (閉廷 日). 
Diet, n. (food) sJwJannofsu (食 斗 勿) ; 
shokvji (食事). 

uietf t.Y. to one's self, doku- 

dafe ICO s. 

Diet, n. (pari.) gikuxd (議會 ) ; koh'- 
Icwai (國 ; (meeting) kwaigi (會 
議 )• 

closing" of the , (/ikirai-hei- 

Icwai (議 會閉會 )• ■ 

opening" oi" the , f/ih-irai-kai- 

まミ' (議會 開 會). ■ 

Droceedmgs m the gljl 

(議事). ' 
Differ, i.v. (from, to) chlgau ; (in 
opinion) iDa]kanga€, or seisu (|^), ga 
chigau ; fuddi (ボ 同. 意) cZe aru, 

I from you, go doi <)a deki- 


Difference, n. (between two prices) 
saya ; hmiki ; (variation) chigai ; 
sdi (キ目 違) ; sa-i (差違); saheim (差 
別) ; (mark of distinction) kuheisu j 區 
SO) ; (dispute) giron {^tm) ; arasoi ; 
soyvn (爭 論) ; (in money, between • 
two sums) sagaku (差額) [Com. Co.] ; 
(deficiency due) fusoku (不 単) ; 
(balance over) amari ; nokori : (arith.) 
sa (差). 

s, (dissimilarities) chlgaita 

tokoro ; ido (異同); (disputes) fimso 
(紛爭 )• 

Hosted b ん 00 ヌ 


[ 234 ] 

according to the -.… of 
amount, oi-s-xhunal, or tasho (多 
少 ), ?ii yotte, 

all the in the world, tenchi 

(天地) れ cMgai ; shojo (霄壤 ) no 
sa ; undel (SiJii) ?ス o chigai. 

of opinion, iron (異論); 

fuddi (不同意). 

there is no great talshita 
chigai ica nai. 

to estimate the of height, 

leng'th, depth, between, no! 

kotei (I 荡 低), chotan (:^ 短), shinsen 

(深 淺), れ' hakaru. 
Different, a. (dissimilar) chigatta ; 
(other) kaimtta ; heisu (^Ij) no ; hoJca 
no ; ta (他) no, 

a person, hetsujin (; jlj A)- 

as as chalk from clieese, 

tmki to suppon no cmgai. 

of kinds, irolro no ; shujn 

(fl 々 ) no. 

Differential, a. sahetsu (差別) no 
am ; (mecli.) hidd (微動) no. 

calculus, Ubun (微分). 

duties, kiihetsuzei (區 別说 ). 

Differentiate, t.v. (make out dif- 
ferences between) nojknhetm ico tate- 

Differently, adv. chigaite ; het.m 
ni ; usu. expr. by a periphrasis ; as, 

I think , rvaiahis-hi no mikomi 

(ja chigau. 

\ from what one expected, 

oinoi-no-lioka ; zoii{/icai け 了. ク卜) ni ; 
igicai (意外) ni. 
Difficult, a. miidzukashii ; koiinan 
(困難) ; nangi {!fi 儀) lut ; okku na ; 
(before an infinitive) expr. by -nilmi 
or -rfatai suffixed to the indef. form 
of a vb., or by the vb. -kam-ru ; as, 

to learn, ohoe-nikul ; that is 

rather to "believe, sore wa 

chitto shwj i-lcane-ru. 
a ...... question, nammon (|(| ) ; 

yakkai (厄介) na jikm (事件 

'. of digestion, konare no 


I>ifliculty, n. mwizukashu koto ; 
konnan ; nanql ; (obstacle) mshi- 
tsukae ; kosho (移 障); shoge (障碍); 
(trouble) fntsiujo (不都合); mshl- 

there is no , zosa mo nai ; 

wake wa nai. 

to "be in ies (hard up), kane 

id saslii-semaru. 

to experience , koyomn ico 


to raise ies, memid na koto 

ICO iu. 

with. , yatto ; karojiie. 

without , zosa naku. 

Diffidence, n. e'lryo (逮 慮) ; Milm- 
kari ; (shyness) uchiki. 

Diffident, a. to be , enryo s ; 

ohu s. 

Dillifleiitly, adv. ennjo shite. 

Diffuse, t.v. hirome-ru ; (disseminate) 
to be d among' (as of know- 
ledge, etc.), nijfukyit (# 及) s. 

Lufllise, a. kudoi ; maimri-adl ; naga- 
tarashii ; jocho (冗長) na. 

Diffusely, adv. kudoku ; mmmrl- 
ddku ; nagatarashi/cu ; jocho ni. 

Diffuseness, n. jdchd ; other eqiiiv. 
of Diffuse, a. foil, by koto. 

jL>ig*, t.v. horn ; hojikuru ; hojiru. 

to down, hori-kudzusu. 

to in, hori-komu. 

to open, fiori-hiraka ; ahaku. 

to out, hori-dasu ; (mining) 

saikutsu (採 ま) s. 

to over, hori-kaesu. 

to throng"]!, hori-nuku. 

Digest, i.v. konare-ru. 

food s, ham ga konare-ru. 

Digest, t.v. konasu ; shokica s. 
Digest, n. ieJdyd (摘要), 
Digestible, a. konare-yasul ; konare 
no yo'i ; shokwa shi-yasui. 

Digestion, n. konare ; shokwa. . 

my is out of order, 

i ( 胃) 《J ひ icaruku. naita. 

Digestive, a apparatus, sho- 

7'' 曙 H (消化器). _ 

function, shokv:a-kin'j (!' お 化 


I>i8it, n. (numeral) sfijl (数字). 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 

[ 235 ] DIM 

Dignified, a. kedakai : hin (品) 

in a manner, igi- (威 儀) 


Dignify, t.v. (entitle) agame-ru. 

to "by the name of, toja- 


Dignitary, n. kbi (高位) "o Mto ; 
Iciken (貴 顯); (of the church) kds'd 
(高 贈). 

づ 2/0 

Dignity, n. (bearing) ir/i 
ikico {^jt) ; hinkaku (品-格) 
stige) igen (ま 嚴) ; ( reputation 
(名 譽) ; (office and rank) 
kican-i (官 f な )• 

to impair the of, no 卜 

sonji'TU (損). 

to lower one's (by a; 

koken ('沾 -赛) ico .sage-ru. 
to stand upon one's …… 


Digress, i.v. hamshi ija eda-ha ni 
icataru ; liawishi ni eda ga saku ; 
W, f/a shiyd (枝葉) ?' i viatrira. 

(jen v:o 
Q. act), 
., mot- 

Digressioii, n. eda-haaasJil. 

Dike, n. (ditch) hori ; (moimd) dote ; 
tsutsumi ; fflbo (堤防) ; (in paddy- 
fields) aze. 

Oilapulate, t.v. arasa. 

d, hoirarc-kakdita ; liason (破 

II,) sJiiia: 

d house, aharaya. 

to "be ...... d, are-ru ; (of clothing, 

etc.) yahukete orn. 

I>ilapi(lations, n. hasoit shita 
iokoro ; koimreta ioJcoro. 

Dilatation, n. kicakuchd (擴- 張). 

Dilate, t.v. hiroge-ru ; ham. 

Dilate, i.v. Mr o gam. 

to upon, fuen (敷衍) s. 

it is needless to upon, woj 

chocho (蝶 な ) sum hitsuyo ica mil. 

^Dilation, n. kwakuchd. 

of the pupils, mddd-kicaku- 

cho (眸 喧擴 張) ; (I5kd-lcv:almchd (曈 
孔擴 張). 

Dilatorv, a. osol ; shMai-gacJd (jfe 
滯勝) no. 

person, mmake-mono. 

to be , ; guzidsuku ; 

namake-ru ; rpizH-r/uzu s ; Injun (因 
循)' ' ' 

Dilemma, n. nielwaku (迷惑) ; (log.) 
sbkwa n-rompo ( 雙 關 IM 去 ). 

to be in a , ita-hammi ni 

nam ; tdicaku (零 惑) s ; toho (琴 方) 
ni knre-ru ; s hiatal (進退) Kuca- 

Dilettante, n. Jjij'ds'u (美術) vjo 
ijiru Into. 

Dilettante, a. shirdio no. 

I>illg で】 l( や, n. henkyd ; あはべ <d (出 

Diligent, a person, henkydhu 

(勉 《虽 家) ; shusseika. 

TO be , ?ノ ん'. ( hataraku ; henlcyo 

s ; shussel s. 

Dilig'eiltly, adv. sel-das-kUe ; selzei 
(構々) hom-otte. 

Dill, n. inondo. 

Dilly-dally, i.v. (I'mtmk'—i ; guza- 

r/uzu s ; injun (因循) s. 
Dilute, t.v, nl/mklzu u'o icara, or ire- 

ru ; (in order to cool) nijmidzu ico 

umeyra ; (chem.) ni/midzu u'o kwa 

(和) s. 

d (of an acid), ki- ; as, d 

nitric acid, kishdsan (稀? i 、酸). 
I>im, a. (of light) lisu-kurai ; (of the 
sight) honyari to s-hiia, 

to be , (hazy) kr は' mde oru ; 

(as a mirror) kamotte oru. 

Dimensions, n. sumpo (寸 方) ; 
sunsJuiku (寸 尺) ; (measured by ken) 
kensu (間 it) ; (area) hirosa ; menseki 


inside , uchl-norl. 

outside , soto-norl. 

I>immisli, t.v. herasu ; hesu. 
Diminish, i.v. hem ; genji-ru ; gen- 

s/io (减少 ) s ; (in number) sukunaku 

nam ; (in size) chumim nam. 
Diminution, n. (act) hemshl ; 

(state) heri ; gcnstLO. 
Diminutive, a. cMppoke na. 
I>imly, adiv. usu-lvmku ; Icasuka ni ; 

honyari to shite. 

Hosted by 



[ 236 ] 


Dimple, n. ekuho. 

Din, n. sawar/L 

what a I yakamasldl ; sdzd- 

shii koto. 

I>ine, i.v. (take the evening meal) 
yashoku, yushoku, or yuhan, i€ ひ tabe' 
ru ; (polite synonym) yiishokii wo 

have you not yet a r mada 

(jozen-mae de gozaimasu ha. 

I am ing- out this evening-, 

kombcm wa waki de tabe-rii. 

Dining- car, n. ^hokuddsha (食堂 
車) ; sholcudd-guruma. 

Diiiing'-room, n. shokuma ; shohu- 
ji-heya ; (large) shokudd (食堂). 

Dinner, n. (late) ban no shokujl ; ya- 
shoku ( ^ 食); ymhoku (夕 貪); oan- 
shoku ; yuhan (夕飯); harnmeshi [the 
latter two words only of a Japanese 
meal] ; (entertainment with guests) 
hansan ; (midday) him no shokuji ; 
hiru-meshi ; (-with guests) gosan ; clm- 
san (Kg). 

Di 11 ner-par ty, n. hansanku-ai (晚 

# 會); hcmsan. 

toy , mamagoto. 

Dint, n. (dent) hekomi. 

by of, -dzuku de ; as, by 

of force, nde-dznku de ; by 

of money, kam-dzuku de. 

by of perseverance, nintai 

(忍耐) "0 kd (功) de. 

I>iocesaii synod, chihdJacal (地方 

Diocese, n. cMhobu (地方 部); kan- 
toku-kwanJcu (監督 贅區 ) . 

I>ip, t.v. shitasu. 

to a flag", Jiata ico sage-ru. 

Dip, i.v. moguru. 

Diphtheria, n. * ; jlputeria. 

DiplitllOilg, n. nijiicni (二重 音). 

Diploma, n. shosho ; menjd ; men- 
kyojo ( 免き 状) ; (of a graduate) soisu- 
gyo-shdsho (卒 離證 書). 
Diplomacy, n. givaiko. _ 

rules of , (fwaiko -I'e h'Jdki (^タ \ヽ 

交禮 式). 

Diplomat, n. qwaikokwan ; kosai- 
kwan (交際 官) ; 'gwaikbka (夕ト 交 家). 

Diplomatic, a. gucaikdjo (外交 上) 
no ; gicaiko no ; qwaikbteld no ; (dex- 
terous) kosai-jbdiu (交際上 手) no. 

corps, kakkojcu-kosaikwan 

(各國 交際' ぎ) ; gicaiJcdkican-dantai 
(外交官 團 体). . 

note, (jicaiko-hunsno (ク トキ 文 

書) ; kobunsho (2^文 書). 
official, gwaikokican. 

Diplomatically, adv. gwaikdjo ; 
.(with diplomatic skill) kosai-jodzu ni. 

Dipper, n. (ladle) hishaku ; (small 
oval tub with projecting stave for 
handle) saruho ; kcdoie. 
Pallas' , kawa-garasii. 

Diptera, n. hachmd (/ilB^^I). 

Direct, a. (straight) massugu na ; 
(without another's inteiTention) 
chokusetsu no ; jiici no. 

export, choku-yushidsu (直輸 


object (gram.), chokusetsu- 

moA' ま (直接 H 的 辭). 

tax, chokusetsu-zei (直接税). 

most route, ichihan chikal 


to go , (without stopping en 

route) chokko (;^; 行) s ; (without 
changing train) norl-kaenai de 
i/cu ; choklcb de iku. 
Direct, t.v. (order) ni'lii-tsuke'ru ; ni/ 
sashidza s ; (mil., etc.) shiki s ; nij 
geji (下知) s ; (show the way) nilmicJii 
ICO oshie-ru ; (govern) shihai s ; (over- 
see) kantoku s ; (a letter) nojima- 
gaJci ICO s ; no/na-ate xoo kaJcu. 

to against, ni muke-ru ; to 

forces against, niJhei (兵) 

ICO muke-ru. 

to whom is this letter ed ? 

Jcono tefjami ica dare ni ateie aru. 
! Direction, n. (order) sasJjidzu ; mei- 
rei. (命令); ii-isuke ; (ordering) shiki 
(指き j ; (supeiintendence) kantoku 
i 監舞 i; (government) shihai (支 酉!!); 
(point of the compass) hogaku {^^); 
hoi (方位); fce "お. (見 當' ); ho; (to 
which a thing points) muJci ; (resi- 
dence) tokoro-gaki ; (of a letter) 
mca-rjalci ; na-ofe. 

Hosted by Coogle 


[ 237 ] 


s (rules for guidance), Jcokoroe. 

of the wind, kaza-muki. 

s for use, shiyoho (使用法). 

in all s, hobo ; shiho-happo 

(- 四方八方). 

in the of, wo sa shite ; ni 


in this (in regard to these 

matters), kono hen no koto ni t suite. 
to turn round in this , 

kochi ivo furimuku. 

Directly, adv. sugu ni ; jiki ni ; 
tadachi ni ; (expressly) akiraka ni ; 
(without another's intervention) 
chokusetsu (直す 妾) ni ; jika ni. 

opposite, ma-mukai no. 

to hand, over , wo/te-watashi 

s ; w ひ Ijika ni vmtasu. 

Director, n. (manager) shihcdnm (支 
酉 E 入); (of a Company) iorishimari- 
yaku [Com. Co.] ; torishimari ; (of a 

dept.) -cho ; as of the Mint, 

pMeikyokucho (造幣局ぬ; (president 
of a Company) shacho (法艮); (of a 
juridical person) riji (理 f ) [Civ. Co.]. 

s (of a Company), jfmikii 

役). . " 

man aging" , semmvAorishi- 

m«ri (專務 取締). 

Directory, n. jimmeiroku (入 名錄 )• 

I>irl£, n. aikuchi ; tanken (短 gj) ; 

Dirt, n. gomi ; chiri-akuta ; obidsu 
(汚物) ; (on a cup, the body, etc.) 
aka ; (mud) doro ; (earth and sand) 
dosha (上お ; (excrement) kuso ; 

Dirtheap, n. hald-dame. 
Dirtily, adv. hUanaku ; fuJcetsu nL 
Dirtiness, n. Idtanai koto ; fuketsu 

Dirty, a. Idtanai ; kitanarashii ; fu- 
ketsu na ; (soiled) yogoreta ; (ika- 

apt to get , yogoreppol. 

feet, doro-ashi. 

water, doro-midzu. 

though it is a thing to 

say, biro (尾籠) nagara. 

to become , (of clothes, etc.) 

yogore-m ; (of a cup, etc.) ni]aka 

ga tsuku ; (of furniture) ni]gomi ga 

Dirty, t.v. yogosu ; Jdtanaku s. 

Disability, n. musMkalm (無資格) ; 
munoryoku (無能力). 

Disable, t.v. to Tbe d, yd ni 

tatanalcii nam ; (partially) sonsho 
(損 f^) s ; (crippled) hgishitsu (廢 
疾) ni nam ; fugu (不具) ni nam ; 
(of a steamer) unten (建 轉) no jiyu 
(自由) wo ushimu. 

to from, expr. by neg. 

potential foil, by yd ni s. 

Disablement, n. (crippling) hai- 

Disabuse, t.v. (of a suspicion) no/ 
utagai ico harasu ; nonjmen (疑念) u ,ひ 

to Tbe d, wa]uiagai ga hare-ru, 

Disadvantage, n. furieki (不禾 ij 益) ; 
(inconvenience) fuben (不便) ; (loss) 
龜 (撗 ). ' 
Disadvantageous, a. (prejudicial) 
furieki na ; furi na ; (inconvenient) 
fuhenri na ; (causing loss) son ni nam. 

to be to, nojfurielci ni naru ; 

no ば utame ni naru. 

Disaflvantageoiisly, adv. furieki 
ni ; furi ni ; fuhenri ni. 

Disaffected, a. to be to- 
wards, ni taishitelfuhei wo idaku. 

Disaffection, n. fuhei (不平) ; 
fuku (不服) ; fumcm ( 不滿 ). 

Disagree, i.v. (of food) nijaturu ; 
7ii]aterare-ru [ni with the article of 
food specified] ; doku (毒) ni nafu ; 
' (differ) chigau ; tagau ; neg. of 
kanau ; (in opinion) wa]iken (意見) 
ga chigau ; fuaoi (不同意) de aru ; 
(quarrel) wajnaka ga waruku narit ; 
wd\oriai ga waruku naru. 

1 must have eaten something 

which d witli me, nani Tea 

shoku-atari dard. 

unless you with, me, go 

igi (異議) ga nakereba. 
Disagreeable, a. ki ni iranai ; Mm 
na [vulg.] ; (person) iya na ; ki ni 
kuwanai ; (thing) kolcoroyoku nai ; 
fuyukimi (不愉快) na. 

Hosted by し OO ヌ le 


[ 238 ] 


Disagreeableiiess, n. eqtdv. of 
Disagreeable foil, by koio. 

Disagreeably, adv. expr. by a 
periphrasis with the adj. 

I>isagTeeinent, n. (variance) faica 
(不和); f unalca ; naka-tagai ; (dis- 
pute) solan (爭 端) ; ii-ai ; am sol ; 
(dissent) /wdoi (不同意). 

Disallow, t.v. expr. by neg. of 

yurusu ; snochi (承知) shinai ; (an 
appeal, etc.) kyalcha (去 U 下) s ; (by an 
adverse vote) hiketsu (否 决) s. 

Disappear, n. mienaku nam ; shire- 
naku nam ; hikkomu ; (cease to exist) 
kie-ru ; s ん d?»efsM 、滅) s ; nalcu nam ; 
(of persons) shisso s ; v: a]jj'ukue f imid 
(不明) rd nam. 
to appear and (as of bri- 

gands, etc.), shutsubofsu (出' i;^) s ; 
detari usdari s. 

I>i.sai>i)earan e e, n. (of persons) 
shisso (失踪) [Civ. Co.] ; other equiv. 
of Disappear foil, by koto. 

jJisappoiiit, t.v. nil ate ico hadzusase- 

to be ...... ed, .shiisnhd (失 s ; 

ica]ate (ja hadzure-ru ; nozomi v:o 
nshlnatte oru ; icalhariai ga nuke- 
ru. , 

to Tbe ed at, n-o/zannen (殘念 j 

ni omou. 

Disappointing-, a. oshii ; kuchi- 
oshii; (below expectation) omowashiku 
nai ; zongtmi (i (^外) tsumaranai. 

extremely , shitsiiho-kuca- 


to be , za line it de am. 

I>isappoiiitiiient, n. shitsubo ; 
kuchi-oshii koto ; fuhon-i (不本意). 

Disapproval, n. fnshuU (不首尾); 
hinan ; hinin. 

Disapprove, t.v. (censure) expr. by 
neg. of home-ru ; hinan (非 嶽) s ; 
sanftei (賛成) shinai ; (decline to sanc- 
tion) hinin (非 | 忍) s ; yoku nai to s. 

Disarm, tv. n や jbuki (武器) wo iori- 
age'ru ; (an opponent of his sword) 
no/katana wo uchi-otosu ; (deprive of 
a sword) nijctaitd {fj^JJ) sase-ru. 

Disarm, i.v. gumU (軍備) ico toku ; 
kaiU (解 備) ん 

Disarmament, n. gwnhi wo toku 
koio ; (reduction of armaments) gum- 
hi-shukus-hd (軍 縮 少). 

Disarraiig-e, t.v. midasu ; ram- 
myaku (亂 お'] c) ni s ; chirakasu. 

-Uisaster, n. imzawai ; sainan (災 
難) : saigai (災害). 

in order to escape , hinan 

(避難) no tame. 

locality of a , s'manehi (遭 gl 


sufferers by a , rlsaisha (罹 


Disastrous, a.fu.ko (不宰 ) no ; sai- 
nan no. 

Disastrously, adv. fakd ni. 

Disavow, t.v. (deny) ii-kesu ; (an- 
other's action) hinin (弗 t 忍) s ; neg. of 
mitome-ru ; neg. of hiJci-nke-ru. 

to what one has said, itta 

koto wo ii-naosu. 

Disband, t.v. toku ; jotai (除隊) 6-; 

to troops, hei wo toku ; kal- 

hel m^) s. 

Disbelief, u.fasldn ; fushmko (不信 

仰). * 
Disbelieve, t. and i.v. expr. by neg. 
of equiv. of Believe. 

Disburse, t.v. dasu ; shihamu ; (on 
another's account) taie-kae'ru. 

Disbursement, n. Kami ; shiharai ; 
shiskutsu (支出); (advance on an- 
other's account) taie-kae ; iatekae-ldn. 

receipts and s, simtsunyu (出 

入). ' 
Discard, t.v. torl-s'ute'ru ; hai s ; 
haiki (廢繁 •) s ; (as a favourite, etc.) 
utcluiru ; mi-sute-ru. 

Discern, t.v. (mentally) satoru: 
icakimae-ru ; mi-wake'ru ; shiJcibetsu 
(識别 ) s ; (with the eye) mi-toma-ru. 

Discerning', a. satorl no yoi ; (with 
regard to the future) senke'n {-^^) no 

Disceriiiiieiit, n. icaHmae ; bem- 
hetsu (辨 別); MJciwcfke. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 239 ] 


Discliarge, t.v. (cargo) no/fumi- 
oroshi wo s ; yioltsumi-oroshl wo s- ; 
riku-cuje s ; orosu ; oka ni age-ru ; 
(a ship) iiolni-ar/e ico s ; (a gun) 
hanam ; utsu ; (a gun or torpedo) 
hassha (ず 凌 財) s ; . (a seaman) yatoi- 
yaim'ru [Com, Co.] ; (a debt) hensai 
(辨濟 ) s [Civ. Co., Civ. Pro.] ; hensai 
(返濟 j s ; (a prisoner) homm (放免) s ; 
hbkwaii .9; shalcuhb s ; 

(dismiss) ni/hima wo yaru, or dasu ; 
rdlitoma wo dasu ; (from office.) meji- 
shoku (免職) s ; himen (罷免) s. 

d soldiers, jotaihei (除隊 兵) ; 

kaitaihei (解隊 兵) 

to be .d (ot a seaman), リ ase" (下 

^さ) 's' ; yoloi-yame ni naru. 

to …-. .' a gun, lia ま (《練) ,v. 

to an office, yakn (役) ico 


to from the army, jotai s. 

to . …… in disgrace, shikujintse- 
I'll ; to be a in disgrace, 


to one's duty, (official) 

shokumu (職務) loo tsuku'm ; isu- 
tome wo mamoru ; (as towards one's 
child) r/hmi (義務) wo tsukusu. 

I^ivSeliarge, n. (of cargo) ni-oroshl ; 
funa-oroshi ; tsumi-ovoshi ; (of a sea- 
man) yatoi-yame [Com. Co.] ; senin- 
kaiko 美 解雇); (release) homen ; 
hokwan ; (of a bankrupt) fukaken (復 
權) ; (matter purged or vomited) 
haisetsuhnisu (お, 勿) ; toshabutsu (pj- 
f 葛 物) ; (from a boil) no (膿). ' 

from the ears, mimi-dare. 

from the eyes, me-yard. 

from the nose, midzu-bam. 

rt of .....,, rlkuage-ko [Com. 
•]. ■ 

I>iscil)le, n. monjin (PS 人); montel 
(門弟); deshi ; (N.T.) shitd (使 弟); 
(Buddhist) monio (門お. 

Disciplinary, a committee 

(pari.), chdbatsa-iin し 懲罰 委員). 

punishment (of an official), 

chokai (懲戒). 

rules, torlshimari-Jdsoku. 

Discipline, n. Mr は m (規亨 ) ; tori- 
shimari ; shusuke ; (correction) choji 
(懲 f 台) ; chobatsu {WM) ; korashime. 
military; , (junki ; breach of 

military , quriH-ihrAn (草規 違 


official is relaxed, kKanich 

(胃^) (J"' midareta. 

Discipline, t.v. (train) shltsuke'ra. 

Disclaim, t.v. (deny) neg. "vb. foil, by 

to kofowarH, to ii-haru, or to shucho 
(主張) .s- : (renounce) hold (放棄) s ; 

Disclose, t.v. arnicas a ; (a secret) 
kogwai ([fl 夕 卜) ; il-momsu. 

Diseoloiirecl, a. to become , 

ioci\iro ga kawaru ; henshoJcu (戀 色) 
.s' ; (stained) shimi-ru ; ni\shiini ga 
tsiiku ; (with use, said of clothes) 

Discomfit, t.v. hehvmase-ru ; helh'o 

to be ed, hckoniasf/re-ru ; hel- 

kd s. 

I>iscoiiifiture, n. shipped (失 败). 
I>is c oiiifort, n . fujiyu (不自由); 
fuyukwai (不愉快) ; (anxiety) f 翻 i- 
shin (不安, じ、). 
Discoucert, t.v. mldasu ; (abash) 
tashlnamete yarn. 

to the plans of, no fur (i ico 

kaue yarn. 

IMscoiiiieet, t.v. kadzasa ; (as of the 
telephone) klru ; Jianasu. 

Disconnected, a. and p.p. kire- 
f/lre ni natta ; hara-bara ni natta. 

to be , (as of the telephone) 

kire'ru ; (not attached) hadziire'ru ; 
(of an argument) icci\svji-michi ga 

Disconsolate, a. to become , 

chikara ico otosu. 

to be , honyari shite or" ; 

chikara wo otoshite oru. 

Disconsolately, adv. honyari shite. 

Discontent, n./w7iei (不平) ; fimian- 

zoJcu (不滿 足) ; f 譲 an {'^%) ; fas ok a 


DLsconteintefl, a look, /"- 

soJcu na k ひ o. 

to be , fii.soku, or famanzoku, 

ni omou ; (express discontent ) /w/iei 
ICO in ; fii.soku wo hi. 



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[ 240 ] 


DiscQntentedly, adv. (sullenly) 
、 mutto shite. 

Discontinuance, n. haishi (廢 止). 

Discontinue, t.y. yame'ru ; yosu ; 
yame ni s ; haishi s ; (abruptly) chft- 
shi (中 ik) 

to be d, yame ni miru. 

to business, haigyo (^p) s. 

to ...... intercourse, isukiai wo 

tatsu ; zekko (絕 交) s. 
Discord, n. (want of agreement) fu- 
cnowa (不調お) ; ki no awanai koto ; 
fuwa ; funaka ; naka-tagai ; atsureki 
(車 L'l 榮 j ; (mus.) choshi-chigai ; choshi- 

to toe in , midare-ru. 

Discordance, n. f uwa ; atsareki ; 
(nms.) choshi-hadzure. 

Discordant, a. ki no awanai ; fuwa 
no ; (mus.) choshi no chigatta ; cnoshi- 
hadzure no. 

Discordantly, adv. Jd ga awadzu 
ni ; (mus.) choshi-hadzure ni. 

uiSCOimt, n. wari-biki ; ne-hiki ; 
nike ; heri. 

on recoinage, faki-heri. 

Discount, t.v. (a bill) wariUJci s ; 
(what a person says) wo/amari aie ni 

I>isconntenaiice, t.v. (abash) luiji- 
shime-rit ; hadzukashime-ru ; iyashi- 
me-ru ; (not countenance) yurusanai ; 
yosha (容捨 ) shinai. 

! Discoiirag'e, t.v. ? io//d wo kujUcu ; 
no/kisaki w6 oru ; gakkari sase-ru ; 
(try to stop) tojneyd to s ; (view 
coldly) 7^eitan (?令 淡) 7ii mi-ru. 

to "be d, chikara ico otosu ; 

rakutan (落 膽) s. . 

Discoura g-ement, n. rakutan ; 

msetsu (控 折). 

Discourse, n. (lecture) kofji (講 辏) ; 
koshaku し^ 釋) ; kowa (講話) ; (ser- 
mon) sekkyo (說教 ) ; (conversation) 
danwa (談1 舌). 

Discourse, i.v. to on, no/kogl, 

etc., wo s. 

Discourteous, a. shiisurei (失 禮) 
7ia ; shikkei (^敬) na ; hushitsuke 
m ; hnsaho (無作法) na. 

Discourteously, adv. hurei (無 摩) 
ni ; husaho ni ; hushitsuke ni ; reigi 
(il 儀) ni iagatte. 

Discourtesy, n. shlU'urel ; hurel ; 
husaho ; bushitsuke. 

Discover, t.v. (find out) miidasu ; 
mi-tsuke-ru ; Imkken s ; (invent), 
hatsumei s ; (as a new country) hak- 
ken s, - 

to be ed (of a crime), araware- 

ru ; hakkaku s ; roken s ; (of a 
person or thing) mi-tsukaru. 

Discoverer, n. hakkmsha (發 見者) ; 
(explorer) tankenka (探險 家). 

Discovery, n. (finding) hakken ; (ex- 
posure) hakkaku (《ま ft) ; roken (露 
琴) ; (invention) hatsumei ; (explora- 
tion) tanken. 

new , shin-hatsurael (新發 明). 

Discredit, t.v. shinjinai ; utagait ; 
(deprive of credit) no/ shiny d ico gai 
(害) ' ' ' 

Discredit, n. fushlnyo (不信用) ; 
fiihyohan (不評判" 

Discreditable, a. fumemmoku (不 
面目) れひ; fumeiyo (不 名譽) na. 

Discreditably, adv. fumemmoku 
ni ; fumeiyo ni. 

JLFiscreet, a. (of persons) enryo-hukai; 
yojin-hukai ; kangae no am ; tsutsu- 
shimi no yoL 

Discreetly, adv. tsutsushimi yoku ; 
enryo shite. 

Discreetness, n. Jdnshin (HtS) ; 
equiv. of Discreet foil, by koto. 

Discrepancy, n. sol (相違) ; chigai ; 
sa-i (差違). 

Discrepant, a. to be , fugo (符 

合) shinai ; aimnai ; soi s ; chigau ; 
(contradictory) sogo (離 藤) s ; kui- 

Discretion, n. enryo (遠慮) ; tsutsu- 
shimi ; (option) sentaku (i^ 擇). 

at your , go rydken (了 節) 


is left to the of, nolshusha 

(取捨) ni makaseie aru. 

use your , ii kagen (加 减) ni 


Hosted by Google 


[ 241 ] 


Discriminate, t.v. kuJjetsu s ; s-hiki- 
hetsu s ; hembetsu s. 

Discriminate, i.v. (deal unequally) 

toriatsujcai ni kuhetsu v:o tsuke-ru ; 
fuhelkin (不平 均) ni taigii (待遇) s ; 
ddiisu ( 同 — ) no toriatsukai wo s-hlnai. 

to against, ni taiskUel kuhetsu 

ICO tate-ru. 

to between, wo/shiklbdsu s. 

Discrimination, n. (act) kiibetsu 
(區別 ) 5 (discernment) hembetsu (辨 
別) ; shikibetsu (識別) ; imklmae ; 
fmnhetsu (分別) ; (uneaual treatment) 
juJamisu (不 均一) no iaiau. 

LfiSCUSS, t.v. ronji'ru ; davji-ni ; 
(pari-) gi s ; tofji (討議) s. 

Discussion, n. hydgi (評 琴) ; taidan 
(對談 ) ; (negotiation) kakeai ; dampan 
(ま 判); (argument) giron (議論); 
(debate) toron (討論). 

hot …… , gekiron (激論). 

is still under , mada hana- 

shi-cliii, hydgi-chil, or shingi-chu 

議 中), de am. 

subject of 一… , ひ idaM 議題). 

to come up for , gldal to 

naru. ' 

l>isdain, t.v. (despise) iyashime-ru. ; 
mi-kudasu ; anadoru ; hesslii s ; 
(spurn) hlnseki (攛乐 ) .§ ; (of. a 
woman ) fur l-tsuke-ru . 

Disdain, n. anadori ; keibetsa {pi 
蔑) ; ~bi 画 I (侮慢) ; hesshi (蔑視). 

I>isclainfiil, a. to be ...... , iakciku 

tomatte i'ru ; liana wo takaku s ; 
tengu de am. 

Disclainflilly, a. hana wo iakaku 
slme ; (contemptnonsly) keibetsu 

Disease, n. yamai ; hybki (病 氣); 
sUppei (疾病) ; by5sh5 (痛 床) ; in com- 
pounds hyo ; as. kidney jinzd- 

h/o (胃病). 

camp , gunchubyo (軍 中 病). 

hereditary …… , 'idemhyd (遺 露 

infectious , densemhyd {^'^ 


root of a …… , 7— た oM 病根); 

)>y きれ (病 源). I' 

secona attacK of a , hurl- 


to die of , hyoshl (病死) s. 

to have a second attack of 

a , wa]oyoki ga saihotsu (再 發) 

•% or hurikae-mf. 

Diseased, a constitution, 

hyosUn (病萄 ). 

person, hybnin (病人) ; kican- 

ja (患者). 

to be , wadzumu. 

Disembark, i.v. fum kara a<iaru ; 
jdriku (上陸) s ; oka ni agcmi. 

Disembarlf, t.T. jdriku sase-ru ; oka 
ni age-ru ; (goods) riku-age s. 

Disembarkation, n. jdriku ; yd- 
rlku (揚陸). ' 

Disembowel, t.v. to one's 

sell, hara wo Iciru ; seppuku s ; 
imppuku s. 

DLsembowelmeilt, n. hara-kiri 
seppuku (切腹); kappuku (割腹); 
ヌ s«i (自截 ). 

Disenchanted, a. to be , 

locilme (ja same-ni ; vxt\inayoi ga 

Disencliaiitiiieiit, n. sappukei (殺 

Disengage, t.v. hanasu. 

to be d, hi'ma ni naru. 

are you d ド o liiru.a de (jozai- 

m.asu ka ; o ie-sukl de rjozai'masii 

I>iseiitangle, t.v. hodoku. 

Disfavour, n. to fall into , (of 

a favourite) cno (寵) wo ushinau ; 
(become unfashionable) hayara- 
naJcu naru. 

I>isligTire, t.Y. sokom-ru. 

I>isfl*anchise, t.v. nolsanselken (參 

政權) wo iibau ; (deprive of vote) 
nojsenkyoken (撰擧 魔) wo uhau. 

Disfraucliisement, n. mnselken' 

Jmkudatsu (剝 奪). 
Disgorge, t.Y. (lit. and fig.) haki- 


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[ 242 ] 


Disgrace, n. haji ; chijoku (恥辱) ; 
ojoku ; fumemmoku (不面目), 

national …… , kokujoku (國 辱). 

Disgrace, t.v. hadzukashime'ru ; 
nijhaji wo kakase-ru ; ni/chijoku ico 

to one's family, ie no na wo 

kegasu, or yogosu. 

to one's self, ha ji wo kaku. 

Disgraceful, a. hadzukashii ; mem- 
moku nai ; fumemmoku (不面目)? wi; 
heslilkamnu ; hadzu-heki. 

Disgracefully, adv. • fumemmoku 
ni ; keshikarcmu hodo ni. 

Disgracef iiln ess, n. equiv. of Dis- 
graceful foil, by koto. 

Disguise, n. hensd (變 装). 

in the of a sailor, suifu 

no fa (風) ICO shite. 
Disguise, t.v. (meaning) ii-magirasu ; 
(conceal) kakusu ; omoie ni arawasa- 
nai ; kao ni dasanai. 

a fact not to be d, ou koto 

no delcinai j'ljitsu (事; pj. 

to one's self (as, ni) katachi 

wo kae-ru ; giso ((^^) s. 
Disgust, t.v. nolmune wo waruku s. 

to be ed, akire'ru ; wa]mune 

ga waruku naru ; mulcatsuku. 
Disgusting, a. (dirty) kitanai ; 
(filthy) hiro na ; (hateful) iya na ; 
I>isg*UStiilg'lA^, adv. nihmrasJm hodo ; 

iya ni. 
Dish, n. sura ; d-mra. 
Dishclotli, n. fakin ; zbkin. 
DisUearteii, t.v. noiki wo oiosase'ru, 
or uowarase-ru ; nojchikara wo oto- 
sase-ru ; wo/rakuian (落 膽) sase'ru ; 
卞 ico/soso (ji^) sase'ru. 

to be ed, ki wo otosu ; chikara 

wo otosu ; rakutan s. 

Dishevelled, a hair, ram- 

mtsii (亂 養) ; midaregami. 

to. be (of the hair), miaare-ru. 

Dishonest, a. shdjiki de nai ; fusno- 
jiki na ; fusel (不正) na. 

to do a action, fasei ico 


I>isllonestly, adv. fushojiki ni ; fu- 
sei ni. 

Dislionesty, n. fushojiki (不正直). 

Dishonour, n. haji ; chijoku (耳' Il» 辱) ; 
fu-meiyo (不名 譽). 

national , kokujoku (國 辱). 

! Dishonour, t.Y. nijhaji wo kakase-ru; 
nojna wo otosu, or kegasu ; (a bill) 
nolsMliarai wo kobamu. 

ed bill, fuwatari-teffata . 

Dishonourable, a. fa-melyo na ; 
iyashii ; inisage-hateta. 
' to die a death, inu-jini s. 

Dishonourably, adv. Mretsu (卑劣) 
ni ; iyashiku ; fusei (不正) ni. 

Disinclination, n. equiv. of Dis- 
inclined foil, by Jcoio. 

Disinclined, a. to be …… to, pres. 
tense of vb. foil, by koto wo iya- 
cjaru ; ki ga nai, or Icokoromochi ga 
nai, following pres. tense, 
he urged me to go but I was 
... to do so, iku yd ni susumeta 
watakushi ni wa ki ga norana- 

Disinfect, t.v. snodoku s. 

Disinfectant, n. shbdokuyaku (i 肖 

毒藥) ; shodokuzai (消毒 劑). 
Disinfection, n. shddoku ; shodoku- 
hd (消毒 法). 11 

by exposure to tne sun, 

nikkwd-shodoku (日光 消毒). 

to carry out , shddoku wo 

shilckd ほ 行) s. 
Disinherit, t.v. kando s. 

to be ed, kanao sare-ru ; kan- 
do wo uke-ru. 
I>isiillieritance, n. haichaku (®| 
嫡) ; ka')idd (勘當 5 ; sdzoJmnin-haijo 
(相 續人廢 除) [Giv. Co.]. 
Disintegrate, t.v. kudzusu. 

to "be d, kudzure'ru. 

Disintegration, n. (fig.) hunretsit 

Disinter, t.v, hori-dasu ; hakkutsu s. 
to and bury elsewhere, 

kaiso (改葬) s. 

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[ 243 ] 


Disinterested, a. (not grasping) 
watakushi no nai ; yolcu no nal ; (im- 
partial) kohei (^^) na ; ekohiiki no 
nai ; (not concerned) mukicankel (to 
關係) no. 

Disinterestedly, adv. icatakushi 
naku ; yoku nakii ; (impartially) kohei 
ni ; elcolmki ncik'u. 

Dismterestertness, n. muyohu 
(無愁 )• 

Disinterment, n. hakkatsu (發 掘). 

Disjointed, a. (scattered) bara-hara 
ni natta ; (as of a speech) sujlmichi no 

Disk, n. (as, of the sun) marumi ; (as, 
on the head of a sucking fish) sara. 

Dislike, t.v. konomanai ; kirau ; iya- 
garu ; also expr. by Jcirai da. 

Dislike, n. kiral ; ken-o (嫌 惡). 

I have a great for, ga/dai- 

Jcirai da, 

to incur the of, nolHrai wo 

maneku ; ni/kirawareru yd ni ?iaru. 

Dislocate, t.v. (arrangements) no/ 
jvnjo (順序) wo midasu. 

to be d (of a joint), chigau. 

to a joint, hone wo chigae'ni . 

Dislocation, n. dakkotsu (脫 骨) ; 

dakkya (晚 B). 
Dislodge, t,v. (drive out) oi-h%rau ; 

Disloyal, a. fuchUf/l (不 忠義) im ; 
fuchit iia ; (of a wife) futei (不 ま) na ; 
(of a husband) fujitsu (不實 ) na. 

Disloyally, adv. fuchugi ni. 

Disloyalty, n. fuchugi ; fucJm ; (of a 
wife) futei ; (of a hushfind) fin'Usu. 

Dismal, a. inki (陰^) na ; (of places) 
mono-sugoi ; samishii', (of the weather) 

JLPlsmally, adv. mono-sugoku ; sami- 

Dismantle, t.v. (a house) nojzdsaku 
(造作) y^o tori-hadzusu ; hodoku ; (of 
decorations) no/kazari wo tori-hadzu- 
su ; (a fort) no/setsuhi (設備) wo torn. 

Dismasted, B>、hol)cishira no i or eta, 
or mkumtta ; hobashira wo ushinatta. 

Dismay, t.v. ni/r/yofen (仰天)'vu ; 

to be ed, hikkuri s ; oki ni 


I>isinay, n. odoroki ; kybfjaku ). 

Dismemberment, n. (separation) 
hunretsu (分裂) ; (partition, of ter- 
ritory) bunkatsu (分割). 

Dismiss, t.v. (an employe) ni/Jiima 
wo dasu ; nilitoma wo yaru ; kaiyd 
(解 傭) s ; kaiko (解雇) s ; (from office) 
mmsholcu (免職 j s ; menkwan (卑官 》 
s ; (send away) kaesu ; (a meeting) 
kaisan (解散) s ; (an appeal, etc.) 
kikyaku (^jj]) s [Or. Pro.] ; kyakka 
(却下) s [Civ. Pro.]. 

to be ed, hXma wo dasare-m ; 


to be ed from school, ta'iko 

(退校) MO meizerare-ru. 

Dismissal, n. hima ; itoma ; kaiyd ; 
kaiko ; (of a suit) kyakka [Civ. Co.] ; 
(from office) menshoku ; menkwan ; 
(m disgrace) chbkai-memliokii (懲戒 

Dismissed, a. (of an official) men- 
shoku ni natta. 

Dismount, i.v. ori'ru ; (from a 
horse) uma kara ori'ru ; geha (下 馬) 
.9 ; (from a vehicle) gesha (下車) s* 
/ (mil.) geha. 

prepare to …… , geba-ydi (下馬 用 

Dismount, t.v. orosu. 

to ...... a gun (by firing at it), 

taihd ICO ucM-oiosu. 

Disobedience, n.fujujun (不從 順) ; 
(towards a parent) fako (不 き) ; (of a 
child) wampaku. 

Disobedient, a. fujUjun na ; (un- 
filial) oya-fukd na ; (naughty) wam- 
paku na. 

to be , ill koto wo kikanal. 

Disobey, t.v. nijsomuku ; ni/sakarau ; - 
nij shitagawanai ; (transgress) ni/ihai 
(逢 背) s ; (of a child) no/iv. koto wo 

Disoblige, t.v. ni/fajitsu (不實 ) wo s. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ ] 


DisoTWigiiig', a. fa-shhisetsu na. 
Disobligingly, adv. nL 
Disobligingness, n. fu-sUnseisu 

Disorder, n. (confusion) ko 威 itsu 
imM) ; (public disturbance) sojo (馬 f 
搔) ; sddd (騷 動) ; fwircm (紛亂 ) ; (dis- 
organized condition) juseiton 整 
頓) ; fuseiri (不 整理) ; (illness) yamai. 

to "be in , (confusion) midare' 

ru ; (out of proper sequence) no]jun 
(jig) ga kurutte oru; (of an as- 
sembly, etc.) gota-gota s ; funjo (紛 
擾) s; (of affairs) rammyaku (喬 L 脉) 
ni naite oru. 

Disorder, t.v. rammyaku ni s ; kon- 
zatsu sase-ru. 

to be ed, midare-ru ; konzatsu 


Disorderly, a. (of conduct) ramho 
na ; (undisciplined) fu-kiritsu (不規 
律 ) れひ ; (of a person) sawagasJm. 

person, ramhbnin (§L 暴 人)' 

in a manner, saicagashiJcu. 

to be , ramho s. 

to toe drunk and , vansid- 

hoko (亂醉 暴行) s. 

to enter in a manner, 

nilrannyu (亂 入) ん 

to lead a life. 

Disorganization, n. fanran ; fa- 
、 seiton ; fuseiri. 

Disorganized, a. to become …… , 

midare-ru ; no]soshiki (組織). f/a 
kudzure-ru ; no]soshiki ga haiiai{^ 

Disown, t.v. (a child) kamlo (勘 當) 
.9; haicJmku (齒 摘) s ; (language used) 
u-kesu. ' 

I>isparag'e, t.v. kusasu ; soshlru ; 

Disparity, n. futsuriai ; sol (ネ目 違); 
fudoto (不同 等). 

Dispassionate, a. ocMtsuita ; ch'm- 
chaku (、沈着) ? i«. 

och'itsuiie ; 

Dispatch, n. requires …… , shlkyu 
(至急 nco2/5( 要) え -. . 

with all possible …… , o-isogi 
de ; shikyu ni. 

Dispatch, t.Y. see Despatch. 

Dispassionately, adv. 

chincJiaku shite. 

Dispel, t.v. (scatter) chirasu ; (drive 
away) harau ; (superstitions, etc.) 
卞 dc'M (打破) s. 

to doubts, utar/ai wo ioku, or 


to "be led (of doubts), hare-ru ; 

to ..... ' suspicions, gldan (疑 圃) 
KO hydkai (氷解) s. 

I>ispeiisaryj n. chdyakvjo (調藥 所) ; 
yakumiho (藥 劑誧) ; yakkyoku (藥 局) ; 
(where medicines are dispensed 
gratuitously) seyakujo (Mi 藥 所), 
field , yasen-yakuzaihu. 

Dispensation, n. (exemption) men- 
jo で 免除) ; (theol.) -yaJcu ; as, the old 
, kyilyaku 糸る). 

Dispense, t.Y. (medicines gratis) 
hodokosu. . 
to medicines gratui- 

tously, seyaku s. 

Dispense, i.v. to ...... with, ico/ 

habuku ; wolshdryaku (省 唇) s. 
Disperse, t.v. chirasu ; (an as- 
sembly) kaisan (解散) s [; (a crowd) 
taisan (返 散) sase-ru. 

to the enemy, teJci 2co oi- 


Disperse, i.v. ddru ; chiri-jlri ni 
naru ; chiraharu ; sanran (散 亂) s\ 
(of a meeting) kaisan s ; sankwai (散 
會) s. 

Disperse, n. (mil.) sankai. 

to sound the , sankwfu (散 

開譜) wofuku. 
Dispersion, n. sanran ; (of a meet- 
ing) kaisan ; (opt.) hunsan (分散); 
(of the Jews) Hsan (離散); (as, of 
heat) hisan (飛散). 
Dispirited, a. to be …… , wa\ld ga 
kujike-ru ; ki wo otosu ; raJcidan (落 
膽) s ; ucM-shiore-ru. 
Displace, t.v. oH-cMgae-ru ; (dis- 
charge) menshoku (免職) s' 

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[ 245 ] 


Displacement, n. haisuiryb (排水 
量) ; haisul ; (in tons) haisui-tonsu 
(排水 噸数). 
Display, n, (ostentation) hade ; (in 
living) ogori. 

to make a , ogoru ; kira wo 

haru ; omote wo haru ; to make a 

of (what does not really 

exist), no/fidsukl wo s. 

Display, t.v. sJdmesu ; arawasu ; 
liyo (考) s ; (in order to annoy others) 
mise-hirakasu ; (set out, as exhibits) 
cMnrelsu (陳歹 ij) s. 

Displease, t.v. noiki nl saicaru ; no/ 
ki ICO icaruku s ; nojld nl sakarcm ; 
(anger) okorase-ru ; nijliara wo tatase- 
ru ; rippuku (立腹 j sase'ru. 

to be d, expr. by neg. of 

yorokohu ; fumanzoku (不滿 足) de 

aru ; to Ibe d at, woffuman- 

zoku, or fuyukicai (不 1 俞' 決), nl 
omou. ' 

Displeasing, a.fuyukwai na. 

Displeasure, n. haratachl ; fufukii 

(不服); fukigen (不機嫌); fiman ; 


Disport, i.Y. asohv. 

Disposal, n. (arrangement of 
articles) narahe-yo ; chhiretsu (蹄歹 ij) ; 
(manner of dealing with) shobiin (處 
分) ; torl-atsukai. 

is entirely at your , れ o] 

f/o katte, or go (fewii (御隨 意), nl 
isukatte hudascd. 

Dispose, t.v. (arrange) narcibete oku ; 
(station at various points) kuharu ; 
haichi (配 匿) s. 

to be a to, expr. by Jci ga 

aru after the indie, pres. 

to of, (sell) harau ; haikyaku 

却) s ; yudzuru ; (a question) 
sliohun s ; icatadzuke-ru. 

Disposition, n. (mental) konjo (根 
性); Jcisho (氣 性); tachi ; seishitsu 
('寧 貧) ; Idsliitsu ; (manner of dealing 
with) s/iohun ; (tendency) katamuki ; 
keiko (傾向); (of troops) haichi. 

temporary , kari-shobun 

[Civ. Pro.]. 

to make s, tehai ico s. 

to show a to, nojiro ? co 


Dispossess, t.v. nolsenyu (占有) ico 

Disproportion, n. futsurkd. 

Disproportionate, a. tsuH-awa- 
nu ; futsurkd no ; fakenkd (不 嘆衡) 
na ; fusoo (不 相應) na ; (excessive) 
kwcibun (過分) no. 

Disproportionately, adv. futsurl- 
ai ni ; juJcenko ni ; fusoo nl. 

Disprove, t.v. nolhanshd (反 證) wo 

DisinitatioilS, a. giron-dzukl na. 

Dispute, n. kenkwa (n 宣啼) ; soron 
(爭 論); monchaku (『じ き 着); koron (口 
lim); rompan (論判); gota-goia ; 
(complication) fungi (紛議) ; (diplo- 
matic, etc.) funso (紛爭 ). 

facts in , keisd-jijitsu (係爭 事 

g) [Civ. Pro.]. 

is beyond , muron (無論) dor, 

ron ICO matanai ; utagai wo irenai. 

point in , soien (爭點 ) [Civ. 


Dispute, i.v. {/iron s ; kenkwa s ; ii- 

Dispute, t.v. arasou. 
Disqualification, n. musUkaku 

(無. 資格) ; 種 ndvy き (無能力 ) ; 
(failure to reach a standard) fu- 
gokaku (不合格). 
I>isqu ilify, t.v. to be ied, 

shikaku ico ushinau ; mushikaku ni 
sare'ru ; (not to reach a standard) 
fugokaku ni naru. 

Disquieting", a. odayaka naranu ; 

f 観 (不穩 ) na. 
Disquisition, n. dangi (魏議 ) ; kd- 

shaku (i^) ; kodan (議談 )• 

Disreg'arfl, t.v. nllkamawanai ; 
kaeriminai ; nijtonjaku (頓 皆) shinai ; 
itoicanai ; 卞 kosshi (忽視 ) s ; mushi 
無視) s. 

Disreputable, a. (of actions) gwai- 
hun (夕ト 聞) no warui ; (of persons) 
hyoban (sp^J) no warui ; (of acts or 
persons) hiretsu (卑努 ) na. 
woman, akuha (惡 婆). 

I>i S r epu t ably, adv. hiretsu nl 

Hosted by^^OOQle 


[ 246 ] 


Disrepute, n. to fall into .:...., 

wayiydban ga icaruku naru ; hyoban 
wo oiosu. 

Disrespect, n. s7"7cfcd (失敬); (to- 
wards royalty) /w/^ei (不敬). 

Disrespectful, a. shikkei na ; 
sMtsurei (失 禮) tvx ; burei (無 禮) na ; 
fukei na. 

Disrespectfully, adv. gen. expr. 
by a periphrasis with the adj. 

Disrespectfulness, n. shikkei ; 
shitsurei ; hiirei ; (towards royalty) 

Dissatisfaction, n. fmnanzoku (不 

滿足) ; fur 塞 ; fnfuku (不服). 

to express , fuhei (不 乎) wo 

iu, or narasu. 

Dissatisliecl, a. to be …… , man- 
zoku shinai. 

to "be with, ico/fusoku (不 

足) ni omou ; nijfufuku de aru. 

■Dissect, t.T. kaibd s. 

Dissecting-room, n. kalbdskitsu 

(解剖 室). 
Dissection, n. kalhd. 

Dissemble, i.v. sora ico tsukau ; 
tohoke-ru ; shira-bakJcure- ru ; shiranu 
kao, or furl, ico s. 
Disseminate, t.v. Mrome-ru ; maki- 
chirasu ; hampu s ; rvfu (流布) s ; 
(as disease) dempa s. 

things which infection, 

haikaibuisu (媒介物). 
Dissemination, n. hampu (播 布) ; 

dempa (傳播 ). 
Dissension, n. 'isakai ; henlma (喧 
,) ; mome ; (in a small circle) 
uchiwa-mome ; (heated argument) so- 
ron (爭 論); (breach) bunretsu (分裂). 
"…- B, fungi (紛議), 
to be in a state of , mome-ru. 

Dissent, i.v. fuddl (不同意) de aru 
[from, to of the person, ni wa of the 
view dissented from] ; nattoku shi- 
nai ; (express disagreement) tgi (異 
議) wo tonae riL ; jushociii (不承知) 
ICO ill. 

Dissent, n. igi ; fushoaaku (不承諾). 

Dissentient, n. fuddi no mono ; 
fudoisha (不同意 者) ; hantaisha (反對 

Dissertation, n. dan リ I (談議 ). 

Dissimilar, a. fudd na ; ichiyo (一 
樣) naranu ; fuzoroi no. 

Dissimilarity, n. fudd (不同); idd 

points of , chigaiia tokoro ; 

soi (相違) no ten (點 ). 

Dissimulation, n. sora-toboke. 

Dissipate, t.v. (sqimnder) rdhi (浪 
費) s ; rampi (濫費) s. 

to a fortune, shinsho (J| 上) 

wo tsuhusu. 

to melancholy, utsu ico 

toku, or harasu. 

Dissipated, a. doraku na ; how na. 

Dissipation, n. doraku (道 樂) ; Iwid 
(放蕩) ; (recreation) nagusami ; Jci- 

Dissolute, a. hoto na ; hoitsu (放逸) 

fellow, dbraku-mono. 

Dissolutely, adv. hoto ni ; iioitsu ni. 

that man lives , am hito 

ica hoto ni mi ico mocM-kud zusu. 

Dissolution, n. (of an association, 
of the Diet, etc.) kaiscm (解散) [Com. 
Co., Civ. Co.]. 

of a contract, keiyaku-kaijo 

(契約 解除) ; kaiyaku. 

of adoption, rien (離 緣) 

[Civ. Co.] [in colloquial also means 


Dissolve, t.v. iokasu ; ydkal (ミ容 ほ?) 
s ; (as a meeting, etc.) kaiscm s. 
to be d, kaisan ni naru. 

Dissolve, i.Y. toke'ru. 
Dissuade, t.v. (make give up an 
idea) omoi-tomarase-ru ; omoi-Jarase- 
ru ; omoi-todomarase-ru. 

to try to from, expr. by 

neg. yh. foil, by yo ni susume-ru. 
Dissyllable, n. ni'mji (二 音字). 

Hosted by Goo ヌ k 


[ 247 ] 


Distance, n. kyori ; (by road) 
michi-nori ; (measured by ri) risii 
(里 數); (by ken) kensu (間 數); 
(space) aicla ; (apart) heclatarl. 

at a , hanareie. 

from a , empo (遠 :^) karci. 

long" (used adjectively), clib- 

kyori, as long telephone, 

chokyori-denwa (長!? 巨離雩 話) ; long 

motor race, cnokyori-jidd- 

sha-kyoso (長距離 自動車 競走), 
mean , helkin-kyori (平均 I? 巨 

Distant, a. tbl ; empb na ; enkaku 
(Mj^) no ; (far apart) kenkaku (懸隔) 
no ; (in manner, towards an intimate 
mend) yoso-yososhii. 

at no date, hinkin (近々); 

cMka-flka ni ; iokaradzu. 

far , kake-hanareta. 

to be ...... from, ni/hanarcte one ; 

tojiiedatatte oru. 

Distantly, adv. (of behayioiTr) yoso- 

Distaste, n. kiral 
Distasteful, a. ki ni Iram. 
Distemper, n. (of dogs) h-en-on- 

netsu (犬溫 
Distend, t.v. fukumsu. 
Distend, i.Y. fukure-ru ; hocho s. 

Distention, n. hocho (膨脹) ; 

Distil, t.v. joryiL s. 

led water, jorynsui (きき 溜 水)' 

Distillation, n.jdryii. 
Distillery, n. joryujo (蒸溜 所). 
Distinct, a. (clear) akiraka na ; 

hakkiri sli'ita ; meihaku (明白) ; 

meiryo (明瞭) na ; (different) Tydsu 


a question, bdsu-\nondcd (glj 


is from, tolbetsu-mono de 


quite , maru de chigatta ; 

. maru de hetsu no. 

Distinction, n. shahetsu (差別); 
kuhetsu (區 別) ; (fame) komei (高ね 

no can be drawn, kuhetsu 

ga tatanai. 

to make .s (show favonr- 

itism), icake-hedate wo s. 

to win , na ico age-ru. 

without of, ni kakawara- 

dzu ; without of size, dai- 

sho (大 づ、) to naku ; both. A. and 

B. without , A. to B. to ico 


Distinctive, a. tokushoku (特色)? 
ai'u ; (conspicuous) 7ne ni isuki-yasui. 

Distinctly, adv. hakkiri to ; akiraka 

ni ; meihaku ni. 
Disting'ue, a. hM はふ no ]pl ; hiio- 

gara no yoi. 
I>is tin g'Uisli , t.v. (see the difference) 
mi-wake-ru ; (understand the differ- 
ence) icakimae-ru ; sJdJcibetsu (f^SlJ) 
s ; (make out a difference) no/ 
kuhetsu wo tate-ru ; (make a differ- 
ence) walcatsu ; icaJce-ru ; nllicakacJd 
wo tsuke-ru. 

as ed from, nl taistiite. 

to one's self, ko (功) ico tate- 


Distinguisb, i.v. to "between 

(as two colours), wo/shikiljetsu s. 

Di Still guislie cl, a. (of persons) 
kdwel na ; nctdakal ; (of actions) 
kencho (顯 著) na. 

man, chimei (失 n 名)"" ; 

gdketsu (豪傑). 
Distill g'uisbing', a charact- 
er, tokusel (特性). 
Distort, t.v. nolnari wo chigae-ru ; 
(wrest from the true meaning) no] 
imi ICO kojl-tsuke-ru. 

ed view (fig.), henken (偏見). 

to be .. .... ed (twisted), igande 

oru ; magatte oru ; nejikete oru. 

to the features, kao ico 


Distract, t.v. the attention is 

ed, ki ga chiru ; ki ga utsuru. 

to "be ed, (as by pain) ki ni 

nam ; (as by noise) nohose-kae-ru ; 
(as by work) niltori-magire-ru. 

I am ed with business, 

isogasliUeute kichigai ni nari-so da. . 
Distraction, n. (caused by pain) 

Jcurushi-maglre ; (diversion) ki- 


Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


Distrain, t.v. sashi-osae-ru. 
Distrain, i.v. to …… upon, wo/ 

Distraint, n. sashi-osae ; karl-sho- 

Distress, n. ("bodily pain) Jcurushi- 
mi ; (suffering) nanjtt (難 錄) ; kommn 
(困 te) ; nancji 儀) ; (grief) kanashi- 
mi ; (poverty) Mnku (貧苦). 

to "be in (as of a ship, etc.), 

nanju s ; vessel in , sonan- 

sempaku (遭難 船舶). 

to levy on, v. Distrain. 

Distress, t.v. kurushime-ru ; ni/nanjfi 
sase-ru ; nayamasu ; yowarasu. 

to be ed, kanashimu ; yoica- 

ru ; nanju s. ' 

Distressing*, a. kanasJdi ; aware 

na ; kurushu. 
Distressingly, adv. kanashii hoclo ; 

aware na hodo ; kurushu hodo. 
Distribute, t.v. (among, ni) kiiba- 

ru ; bumped (分配) ; haifu (酉 E 布) s ; 

(profits, etc.) haitb (西 li 當) .《? ; (a 

burden) icari-tsuke-ru. 

Distribiiting" centre, (of trade- 
goods) shusanchi 散 ;%). 

Distribution, n. (way of) Icubarl- 
kata ; (act of) humpai ; haito ; hai- 
hun ; haifu ; (of property) haito ; (of 
mail-matter) haltatsu (酉 H 達) ; (station- 
ing at various points) haicni (配置); 
(printing) Icaihan {W4-Wi)' 

Distributive adjective, haihun- 
keiybsM (配分 形容詞). 

Distributor, n. (of newspapers) 
haUatsunin ( 達人). 

District, n. (sphere of jurisdiction) 
Jcicankatsu-chi (管轄 地) ; Icwanku ; 
kwanku-kuiki (管區 々域); (city-ward) 
hu (區) ; (vicinity) hen ; moyori ; 
(region) chihd (ii 方); in compounds 
often expr. by -chi ; as, devastated 
…… , higaicM (被害 地). 

Consular , rydji-kwanku (領 

事 管 區). 

Court, chihd-saihaiisho (地方 


recruiting" , chohei-lai (徵兵 


Distrust, t.v. utaguru ; utagan ; 
ayashimu ; shinyo (f^ 用) shinai ; nij 
shin ICO okanai. 

Distrust, n. ufafjurl ; uiar/ai ; r/inen 
(疑念). ' 

to harbour , ginen ico okosu, 

or idaku. 

unjustifiable , jasid (邪 淮). 

Distrustful, a. uiar/uri-hukai ; jasui- 
Imlmi ; ginen-hukai. 

Distrustfully, adv. utagurl-biikaku ; 
jasui-bukaku ; (jinen-hukalcu. 

Disturb, t.v. (confuse) midasu ; (in- 
terfere with) samatage-ru ; nijjama 
wo s ; no I jama ni nam ; hbgai (妨害) 
.s' ; (by rebellion) jdran (擾亂 ) s ; 
kakuran (携亂 ) s. 

to be ed, midctre'ru ; saicagu ; 

( anxious ) fuansh in (不安 'じ、) de aru. 

Disturbance, n. sawagi ; sodo (|t 
動) ; hodo (暴 ま ; (on a large scale) 
sojo (S 爱擾 ); soran (S 蚤 亂); (interfer- 
ence) samatage ; jama ; bogai. 

to make a , sawagu ; sawagi 

wo okosu ; ramho (亂 暴) u'O hata- 

Disunion, n. fuwa (不和) ; hunrefsu 

Disunited, a. to be , itcJd (一 


Disuse, t.v. sute-ru ; hai (廢) s. 

d article, fuydbutsu (不用 物 h 

Disuse, n. to fall into , sutare- 


Dltcli, n. (small) dohu ; (medium- 
sized) mizo ; (wide) hoi'i ; (in fortifi- 
cation) kokyo (溝 Ig). 

Ditto, adv. onajiku ; aojo (同上); do- 
dan (同 斷). 

Diuretic, n. rinydzal (利尿 劑) ; ri- 
suizai (禾 IJtK 劑). , 

Diurnal, a. (daily) mairdchi no ; 
(performed in a day) ichinichi no. 

Diurnally, adv. mainichi (每 ; 

Dive, i.v. midzu wo moguru, or Icurju- 
ru ; (of a bather) aiama-saki ni tohi- 

[ 248 ] 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 

, - いず 


x>iver, n. (professional) sensuisha (潜 
水 者) ; sensuifu (潜水夫) ; (native) 

black-throated , d-hamu. 

red-throated , ciM. 

Diverge, i.Y. wakare'ru ; Ininshl (分 
枝) s ; hunkl (分岐) s. 

to from a centre, licq^pd (A 

方) e wakarete de-ru. 

Diverse, a. iroiro no ; shvju (種々) 
no ; sama-zama no. 

Diversely, adv. iroiro ni ; sama- 
zama ni. 

Diversified, a. (varied) mesaki no 

Diversify, t.y. iroiro ni s. 

Diversion, n. (amusement) nagu- 
sami ; ki-barashi ; tawamure ; (mil.) 
yugeki (^^) ; (divertissement) yokyd 
(餘 興). ' 
Diversity, n.fudo (不同). 
Divert, t.v. (amuse) 7iagusame-ru ; 
icaraicase-ru ; (a child) taraJcasu ; 
ayasu ; (deflect) tenji-ru (轉) ; (the 
conyersation) imJci e sorasu. 

to funds (temporarily to 

another object), ryiiyo (流用) s. 

to the attention of, no /hi 

v:o sorase-r-u. 

Diverting', a. omoshiroi ; odokeia. 
Divest, t.v. (strip of) nugase-ru ; as, 

to of clothing", ni/kimono ico 

nugase-ru ; (deprive of) hagu ; hagi- 
toru [ni of the person, ico of the 
thing] ; (of a right), 7ii/ubau. 

to of rank, iio/kurai wo 

hagi-toru ; no/kwani (官位) wo 
hakudatsu 奪) s, or chidatsu (|§ 
奪) s. 

Divide, t.v. icake-ru ; icaru ; (by a 
partition) shiJdru ; (apportion) icaH- 

to "be d in opiniori, wa]f:etsu 

(說) g<^ wakare-ru. 

to among', nilicakete yam ; 

ni/humpai (分配) s. 

to in two, futatsu ni icake- 


to …… 16 by 2, juroku ico ni de 


to up (partition), saku ; hun- 

katsu (^flj) s. 

Divide, i.v. wakaru ; icare-ru ; (of a ' 
road, river, etc.) icaJcare-ru ; futatsu 
ni nam ; futa-wakare ni naru [of a 
road] ; ; futa-nagare ni iiaru [of a 
river] ; (pari.) kefsu wo tone ; sailed su 
(採 夹) s. ] 

Dividers, n. Immmawashl. 

Dividend, n. (on the abacus) jitsu ; 
jissii (實數 5 ; (sum distributed) haito- 
た" (配當 金). 

cum , haitd-isuJd. 

ex , haitd-ochi. 

Divination, n. urancd ; eld (^). 
sticks, hokvzei ( 卜 筵). 

Divine, i.v. uranau. 

Divine, t.v. uranau ; (foresee) ml- 
kosu ; senken (先見) s ; mi-sukasu ; 
(detect) mi-nuku ; mi-tdsu ; kandzuku. ■[ 

Divine, n. shingakusha (神學 者). 

Divine, a. kami no ; in compound 
words of Chinese origin, shin - (神) 
[Shint5] ; set- (聖) [Christian]. - 

judgments, temmel ぽ踣 ). .:' 

message, shintaku (神|^^), 

nature, shinsei (神性). \ 

service, reihaisUJci (藏萍 式). 

Diviner, n. uranaisha ; haiholciisha : こ: 

(寶 卜者); eldsha i 易 卷). ' 

Diving*, a apparatus, sensuiki 


Divining'-rocl, n. hoJcujd ( 卜 杖). 

Divinity, n. (deity) Kami ; Hotoke ; 
(theology) shingaku. 

doctor of , sJdnrjaku-hakase 

(神學 博士). 

Divisibility, n. も丽 ei (分 性). . - 

Divisible, a. 10 is by 2, fa リ 

wa ni de wari-kire'ru. 

Division, n. (act of dividing and 

distributing) humpai (分配); (arith.) 、. ; 

wari-zan ; joho (除法); (pari.) sai- 

keisu (^^) ; (section) hu ; as, Civil ■ 

, minji-hu (民事 ま; (of an elec- 

tioneering district) ku (區 ) ; (a parti- 

tion) shiJciri ; (diyiding up) hunkatsu . '、 

Hosted by Goo ヌ k 

[ 249 ] 


[ 250 ] 


(分割) » (company) kumi ; (distmion) 
fuchowa (不! ^和); hunretsu (分裂); 
(mil.) shidan. 
addition, subtraction, multi- 
plication and , kagen-jojo 

(加 减乘 除). 

chief ot a , sJudancho (师園 


of labour, hungyd (分業). 

Divisional, a. in Chin, compounds, 

I>ivisor, n. (arith.) josu (除 數) ; (on 

the abacus) み 5 (法). 
Divorce, n. rien (離 緣) ; rlkon (離婚) 

[Civ. Co.]. 

letter of , rienjd ; sanjo ; 

itomajo ; mikudarihan. 
Divorce, t.y. rien s ; rikon s ; saru. 
Divulge, t.v. ii-morasu ; kdgicai (口 

夕 卜) s ; ii-furasu ; rdei (漏 拽) s. 
Dizziness, n. memai ; gen-un (胺 軍) ; 

(on standing up) taclii-fjurami. 

Dizzy, a. to be , ica]memai ga s ; 

via\me rja mawaru ; fura-fura s. 

D. Lit., hungakn-hakase (文學 ff 士). 

Do. t. and i.v. (of one's self) sum ; 
itasu ; isukamatsuru ; (of another) 
sum ; nasu ; nasam ; asohasu ; aso- 
hasare-ru ; (the hair) yuu ; (be ade- 
quate to the purpose) ma ni au ; the 
aux. Yb. do is not expr. in Japanese ; 
as, shiranu, do not know ; suruna, 
do not do ; ikuna, do not go. 

anybody can it, dare de mo 


cannot without, expr. by 

nakereba naranu ; nakute tea nara- 
nu [E. obj. +, 丁. subj.]. 

as you like, go katte ni 

nasal ; go dzuil (御隨 意 j ni nasai. 

come (entreatingly), ddzo o 

ide nasai. 

done at Tokio (of a treaty), wo\ 
Tokyo ni tsukuru. 

what you will (hypothe- 
tical), do shiie mo ; idzure ni shite 

that won't , sore ja ilcenai. 

this will , ん' ore de yoroshii. 

how do you ? go kigen (御 機 

嫌) yoroshii ; ikaga irasshaimasu 

I cannot it, dekinai. 

I have done with him, ano hito 
to te ICO kitta. 

to be done, deki-ru [also used as 
the potential, can be done]; (used 
up) shimai ni nam ; mina ni imru ; 
to be quite done (of a piece ot 
work), deki-agaru. 

to away witli (abolish), hai 

s ; to "be done away with, hai- 
shi (廢止 ) ni nam. 

to over again, shi-naosu. 

to up (a picture, house, etc.), 

ni/te wo ire-ru ; nijte-ire wo s ; I 
am quite done up, gakkaH 

to up in paper, kaml ni 


to have done (finished), sumu ; I 

have done, mo shimai. 

to have done with, aid ni naru ; 

as, have yon done with this 

book ? kono hon wa o aid ni nari- 

mashita ka ; I have done with. 

this, kore wa mb yoroshii. 

to make (a thing) ...... (i.e. make 

sMft with), del ma ni awase'VU. 

to see what can be done, tsugo 

ICO shite mi-ru. 

what shall 1 ? do shiyb. 

what will you with it? 

nani ni nasaru. 

Docile, a. oionashn ; sunao na ; jiijun 

Docility, n. otonashii koto ; .sunao na 
koto ; jiljun (從 順). 

Dock, n. (lappa) goho ; (riimex) g'lshi" 
gishi ; no-daid ; (prisoner's seat) hi- 
koku-seki 告席) ; (old style) shira- 
su ; (for ships) * ; senkyo. 

dry , kansenkyo (乾 船 第). 

to enter , doJcku e hairu ; 

nyiVcyo (入渠) s. 

wet ...... , shusenkyo (濕船 堪). 

Dock, t.v. (a ship) dokku e ire-ru ; 
(cut short) no/saki wo Jciru ; mijikaku 
kiru ; (make a deduction from) karaj 

Docket, n. mUlashl ; ta'd-qaki (大意 

書). ' 
Docket, t.v. no/midashl u'o h'aku. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 251 ] 


Dockgrate, n. semmon (船 門). 

Dockyard, n. zosenjo (造船所). 

Doctor, n. (academical) hakase ; 
? lalcushi (博士); (physician) isha ; 
ishi (醫師 )• 

Chinese , kampol (漢法 醫). 

,s consulting" office, shin- 

satsKjo (診察 所). 

female , onna-isha. 

ship's , sen-i (船 磨). 

Doctor, t.v. rydji (療、 7 台) s. 

to "be ed by, nilkakaru. 

Doctrinal, a. kydriteki (教理 的) no. 

Doctriue, n. kijdri ; oshle ; kyUld 
(教 道) ; (view) setsu (說 ). 

the Monroe , Monroe-shur/i 


Document, n. kakUsuke ; shomen 
(書面); ^ims/io (文書); shosho (證 書). 

s, shorui (書類) ; kakimono ; 

(records) kiroku (言 E 錄 )• 

authenticated (notarially), 

kosei-shdsko (公正 證書) [Civ. Pro.]. 

documentary, a. kcdta ; shomen 

evidence, hansho (文 證). 

securities, yiika-shoken (有 

價 證券) [Cr. Pro.]. 

Dodder, i.v. yoro-yoro s. 
Dodder, n. ne-nasld-kadzura. 
Dodecagon, n. jTmikakkei (— t 二 角 

Doclecaliedroii, n. jfmlmental (一 卜 
二 面 體). 

Dodge, n. kvfu (工夫) ; sandan ぽ 

Dodg e, t.v. uoke-ru ; sake-ru. 
Dodg'e, i.v. mi ICO kawasxi. 
Doe, n. me-jika. 

Dog", n. inu ; (of foreign breed) ydken 
(洋 矢) ; kame ; (Japanese spaniel) 
chin ; [the various breeds of foreign 
dogs are known by their English 

' a live is better than a 

dead lion, shiko (死 虎) sdso (生 
凰) ni shikadzu. 

mad , kyoken (狂犬) ; hyoken 

(病 犬). 

pet , aiken (愛 大). 

sporting" , rybken (獵 犬). 

wild , vama-inu. 

Do fir, t.v. to the steps oi, no/ 

a'to wo tsuke-ru ; nifbiko (尾ィ 了) s. 

Dogcart, n. niri れ -basha [lit. two- 
wheeled carriage 1. 

Dog'days, n. doyd (土用). 

beg-inning of the , doyo-iri ; 

[the third day is called doyd- 

Dog-eared, a. kado no orela. 

Dog-fancier, n. (for spaniels) ch'm- 
ya ; (for foreign clogs) yokenya. 

Dog'lish, n. (scylliiini biirgeri) nanu- 

Dogged, a. gicanko (镇 固) na. 

Dog'-keniiel, n. inu-goya. 

Dogma, n. kydrl (教理) ; kakusetsu 
(確 說) ; teisetsu (定ま) ; setsu. 

Dog matic, a. to be , ikci (意 

見) れで gojo 虽情) u-harn. 

Dogmatically, ady. gojo ni 
Dog, star, n. rdsei (狼 星). 
Dogtooth, n. kiha ; kimha [vnlg.] ; 

kakushi (角 齒). 
Dogwood, n. mldzuki ; midzukaJcl. 

Doing", n. sh'amza ; shoi (所 爲) ; as, 

this is A,s , kore wa A. no shot 

da ; (thing done) shita koto. 

s, shikata ; mane ; (in bad 

sense) shogyd (戶 力業) • 

Doldrums, n. selddd-Tiiufu-shim (赤 
道 無 雨) 前 tcil (帶) ; sekidd-nwfii- 

Doleful, a. kanashil ; (dismal) inki 
(陰 氣) 滅 ; yilutsu (幽欝) ? z. ひ. 
countenance, urei-gao. 

Dolefully, adv. naH-(j(io de ; nafcu- 

naku ; kanashi-sd ni. 
Dolichos vimbellatus, s 麵ひ e. 
Doll, n. ningyd ; (set out on girls' 

fete-day) hina. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 252 ] 


Dollar, n. * ; (Mexican) Mexiko- 
dara ; (Japanese) yen. 

chop , * ; koJculndziiki-engi)i 

(極印 付圓銀 )• 

gold , Jcinyen. 

silver , ginyen. 

one note, ichiy en-sat su. 

Dolpliin, n. iruka ; (ornament on 
roof) shachihoko. 

Domain, n. rydhun (頜 分) ; rydchi 
(頭 地); (fig.) rydhun. 

Imperial , go ryochi. 

right of eminent , kokudd- 

rybyit (國 土頜 有) no taiken (大權 ). 

Domestic, a. (household) katei no ; 
(relating to the family) kazoku-teki 
i 家族 的) no ; (national) naikoku no ; 
(domesticated) kai. 

affairs, kaji (家事). 

and foreign, naigical (j^ タト) 


animal, kachiku (家畜). 

cat, Icai-neko. 

education, katei-kydiku (家 

庭 教育). 

exhibition, naikoku-haku- 

m"/acai (內國 覽會 ). 

production, naikokusan (內 

國產 ). 

of manufacture, naikokusei 

(內國 製) no. 
Domestic, n. hdkdnin (奉公人) ; 

Domesticate, t.v. te-nadmke-ru, 

to become d, Mto ni nadzu- 

ku ; te-nadzuku. 

to become d in (of a plant), 

nojiochi (土地) ni nadzuku. 

Domicile, n. jilsho (住所) [Civ. Co., 
Com. Co.] ; f/enseki (原き) ; nimbetsu 
(人 刖). ' 
Domiciliary search, kataku-sb- 

saku (家宅捜索) [Cr. Pro.]. 
Dominant, a. ichihan ikioi no yoi ; 
lie ni tatsu. . 

tenement, ydekichi (要 役 地) 

[Civ. Co.]. 

Domineer, i.v. ibaru ; ibari-chirasu ; 
hakko (跌 唐) s ; ibcm-Jcusaru [vuig.]. 

Domineering, a. hakko sum ; 

Domiueeriag-, n. hakko ; yowal- 

Domineeringly, adv. ibatte ; hakko 

Dominion, n. (territory) rydchi (頜 
地) ; ryoao (領 ±) ; (sovereignty) shu- 
ken (主 罐). 
s, hanto. 

a product of the s of, れひ 

hantonai (Pig 圖内) れ o seisan (製 產). 
to import into the s of, no/ 

hantonai ni yunyu (輸 人) s. 

Domino, n. (mask) fukumen-dzukin 

(覆面 頭巾). 

es, 7'oku-nara'be. 

Donation, n. (contribution) kifukin 
(寄 1% 金) ; (jienkin ; gilcenki7i(^t^^} ; 
(under a will) zd?jo (贈 與) [Civ. Co.]. 

Donkey, n. v.sagi-iima ; roba (驢, g). 
Donor, n. zdyosha (贈與 者) [Civ. Co.]. 
Do-notliing', a. mui (無 爲) no. 
Doolie, n. kago ; nor 'mono. 

Doom, n. (destiny) ummei (jp 命) : 
temmei (天命); (punishment) keibatsu 

Door, n. to ; (entrance) iri-kuehi ; 
(on hinges as opp. to sliding door) 

a small (in a large one), 

kuguri-do. ' 

in s, uchi no nalca ; honai (戸 

肉) ; okunai (屋內 ) ; ya-uchi. 

next , tonari no uehi ; me 

cat next , tonari no neko. 

out of s, soio ; omoie ; oku- 

gwai (j^ 夕 卜) ; ko[fwai (戸 夕 卜). 

please shut the (placard), 

ajceppanashi muyb. 

"the open ,,, monko-kaihd 

(門戸 開放). 

to go to the (of a servant), 

toritsugi ni de-ru ; demukae ni de-ru. 

to see to tlie (a departing 

guest), okuru. 

to shut the , (on hinges) to 

ICO shime-ru ; (sliding) to wo tate-ru. 

Doorkeeper, n. momhan (P ョ番 ). ' 
Doormat, n. kutsu-juki ; iciitsu- 
kosurl ; kutsu-nuyuL 

Hosted by Goo ヌ k 


[ 253 ] 


Doorplate, n. hydsatsu (標札). 

Doorway, n. deguchi. 

Dormant, a. (of a volcano, etc.) 
shidzumatte iru. 

> partner, iolcumei-kioniai-in 

(匿名 組合 晨 )• 

to be (of disease), sempuku 

(潜伏) shite oru. 
Dormitory, n. Idshukushn (寄宿 舍). 
Dorsal, a. se no. 

Dose, n. one , ippuka (— UR.) ; 

itcho (一丁). 
Dot, n. ien (H も) ; chdbo. 

Dotage, n. to be in one's , 

oihore'ru ; rFmid (老證 ) s ; rnoroku 
(毫碌 ) s ; kinuke shite oru. 
Dotard, n. oi-hore. 

Dotted, a. pochi-pochi oii naite oru. 
line, poisu-potsu no sujL 

Dottel, n. (of tobacco) sulgara. 
Dotterel, n. (Hodgson's ringed 
plover ) ikaru-chidori. 

DoiilOle, a. (twofold) futae no ; nlja 
(二 D no ; niju n'i natta ; (bot.) yae- ; 
(of two thicknesses, of cloth) awase 

book keeping" by entry, 

fukushiki-hoki (複式簿記). 

bottom (of a ship), nijii-zoko. 

track (of rails), fukusen (複 


to "be (twice as much as), 

nolnibai de aru. 

Double, n. (twice as much.) hat ; 
nibai ; nlsobai (二 層 悟) ; (counter- 
part) uri wo jutatsu ni icatta yd da 
[prov.j lit. is like a melon split in 

Double, t.v. (in amount) hai-mashi 
ni s ; hal ni s ; (make of two thick- 
nesses) hasane-ru ; mju ni s ; (the 
fist) katame-VH. 
to up (fold), tatamu ; oru. 

I>OUble, i.v. (in amount) nibai nl 
naru ; (as by folding) kasanaru ; 
(return on one's tracks) ato-modorl 
ICO s ; (mil.) kake-as-hi ico s. 

Double-breasted, a. (of a coat) 
rydmae (兩 前) no. 

Double-tlealing*, a. kage-hinata 
no ant. 

Double-edged, a. rydha (兩 双) no ; 
moroha no. 

Double -fac e d, a. isshin-ryomen (一 

M 兩面) wo- 

Dovible-liearted, a. futa-gokoro 

I>OUble - quic k, n. kake-ashi. 

Double-stars, n. mjiisel (二重星). 

Doiible-tonguert, a. nhnal-jUa ico 

Doubt, n. utagal ; giwaku (疑惑) ; 

gi 應 (疑念) ; gni (疑義). 

no (oi course), mochiron (勿 


there is no that, nl utagal 


to give rise to s, gigi ico 


to resolve one's s, gUjl ico 

toku, or harasu. 

Doubt, t.v. utagau ; fushhi (不審) nl 
omou ; ica/ sJwijl-kane -ru . 

Doubt, i.v. (entertain surpieions) 
utaguru ; utagau ; ihukaru ; (fear) 
ayabumu ; ayashimu. 

to if, expr. by ayashil ; 

ayashiku omou ; ibukashii ; ihu- 
kasliiku omou ; neg. future with to 

omou ; as, I if he will come, 

are rja kuru no wa ayaslm ; lie 
said he would repay me, but 

I if he will, Iccme wo kaesu 

to itta ga icatakushi u'a ibiiJcashiJcu- 

Doubtful, a. utagawaslm ; fusliin 
na ; ibukashii ; (of uncertain issue) 
ohotsukanai ; (ambiguous) aimai 
脉) na. 

a character (questionable), 

ikagaicashii Into. 

a point, glmoii (疑問). 

Doubtfully, adv. ibukashiku ; oho- 

Doubtfulness, n. eqiuv. of Doubt- 
ful foil, by koto. 
Doubtless, adv. kaaaradzu ; kltto ; 
(probably) okafa ; tabun (多:^). 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 254 ] 


Douche, n. to take a co 丄 a , 

midzu ICO aln-ru. 

Dougli, n. mri-ko. 

Douse, t.Y. (immerse) midzu ni 

Dove, n. Barbary (tnrtur 

risoriiis), shirako-bato ; juzukake- 

eastern turtle (t. orientalis), 


rock , kaicara-hato. 

t. humilis, heni-hato. 

Dovetail, n. ari-zashi ; kiri-kumi. 

Dovetail, t.v. IHri-kumu ; ari-zashi 
ni s. 

Dowager, n. inkyo-sama (隱居 樣). 

Empress , KvMaigb ; Kic')- 

iaikwdgd (皇太 皇后). 
Dower, n. jisankin (持眷 金). 
Down, n. (of a human being) mukiu/e ; 
(on a baby's head) uhuge ; (of a bird) 
umd (羽毛) ; u-atage. 
Down, prep, no shita e ; (a hill, etc.) 
icojoriie ; (a well, etc.) no naka e. 

the stream, nagare ni ma- 


Down, adv. shita e ; shimo e [chiefly 
used of a stream], 

to (of time), ni itaru made. 

to boil , ni-tsume-ru. 

to break ...... , t.v. kowasu. 

to come , (descend) ori-ru ; 

sagaru ; Icudarv. ; (in a demand) 

to fall , (from a height) odd- 

ra ; okkochi-ru ; (from an erect 
position) korolm ; taore-ru ; koke- 

to go , (of price) sagaru ; 

geraku [ff^) s ; (from an eleva- 
tion) ori'ru ; (of a swelling) hare ga 

hiku ; to go a stream, 

kaioa-shirno e kudcini. 

to float a stream, kaica- 

shimo e naqare-rii. 

to hang , t.v. sage-ru ; tarasu ; 

i.Y. sagaru ; tare-ni. 

to jump , tobi-ori-ru ; tobi- 


to feick , ke-otosu. 

to knock , (from an eleva- 
tion) otosu ; huchi-otosu ; (from a 
standing posture) huchi-taosu. 

to lay , nekasu. 

to let , sage-ru ; orom. 

to lie , fuseru ; ne-ru ; yoko ni 


to put , (repress) osae-ru ; (a 

rebellion) shidzume-ru ; chinatsu 
m) s ; (deposit) oku. 

to run , t.v. (depreciate) ke- 

nasu ; i.v. kake-kudaru ; kake-ori- 
ru ; (of a clock) wa]zemmai ga 
modotte shimau ; maJci ga kire'ru. 

to slip (from an elevation), 


to take , orosu. 

to throw , (from an eleva- 
tion) otosu ; (from a standing posi- 
tion) taosu. 

to write (note), hikae-ru ; 

kaki-tome-ru ; shirusu. 

up and , (vertically) ue-shita; 

(to and fro) achi-Jcochi ; to move 

up and (rise and fall), agari- 

sagari ico s ; to walk up and 
......, yuki-ki wo s. 

Tips and s (of life), 


Downcast, a. to be , wa\ki ga 

fusagu ; yiiutsu (幽 辯) ni naru. 

Downfall, n. gwakai ; metw.- 

hb (滅亡). 

Dowiilieartecl, a. to be , hi 

ICO otosu ; rakutan (落 膽) s. 

Downpour, n. homhuri. 
Downstairs, adv. shita 7ii. 
Downstream, adv. kawa-shimo e. 
Down-train, n. kudari-ressha (下 

Down-trodden, a. to be ....... 

jurin (躁躪 ) sare-ru ; assei (壓 制) 

Downwards, adv. shita no ho e. 

and , ika (以下); as, children 

of ten and , jissai-ika no 


Downy, a. umd (巧 ^ 毛) no aru ; icata- 

ge no aru. 
Dowry, n. jisankin (持參 金). 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 255 ] 

DoxolOg-y, n. (gloria) elhnco (榮 光) 
no slid ('種). 

Doyen, n. hittd (攀 頭) ; (of diplom. 
corps) joseki-kdshi (上席 公使); (of 
cons, corps) jdseJci-rydjl i ま 事). 

Doze, n. madoromi. 

Doze, i.v. nemimi ; madoromu. 

to in one's seat, i-neimirl wo 

s. • 

Dozen, n. one , ichi-dazu. 

six of one and half a of 

the other, chosan-boshi (朝 三 華 
四) ; nitari yottari no koto ; goynhel- 
tafobei [vulg.]. 

I>rab, a. lohi-iro no. 
I>raco, n. (astron.) tenryu-seiza (天 倉 | 

Draft, n. (of a document) shlta-gakl ; 
soko (ま 稿) ; (of a law, etc.) soan {f^ 
案) ; (of a plan) shita-e ; (bill) kawase- 
tegata ; kawase ; (mil.) hunkeniai (分 
^隊 ). 

amendment, sJmselan (修正 


; of revision, kaiseian (改 正 


original (as opp. to amend- 
ed form), gen-an iW^M)- 

telegraphic , denshin-kawa- 

se (電信 爲替 ). 
Draft, t.v. no/shitagaJci wo kaku ; no I 

soko wo kaku ; kiso s ; ritsuan (立案) 


、 . . . . . .ing" committee, Jdsd-iin (|Gj 

草委 莨). 

the bill passed as ed, hoan 

ga gen-an no tori ni tsukwa (通過) 

to be ed (draft complete), 

dakko (S^fi) shite oru. 

Drag", n. (on a wheel) ica-dome ; ha - 

Drag", t.v. hiki-azuru ; (for a corpse) 
kagi de saguru. 

to in (implicate), daki-komu. 

to its anchor (of a sMp), 

ikari wo Mkidiuru. 

to one's self along" (when 

fatigued), kutahire-ashi wo hiJci- 

to out by force, hiJcldzuri- 

(1(1 su ; skohiki<lasu [Yiilg.]. 

Drag', i.v. to on (take long), 

nagahiku ; sen-en (遷延) s. 

Drag-lie ち n. hiki-ami. 

I>ragoman, n. tsilji (通 事); (official) 
tsuyakkwan (iOipli*). . 

Dragon, n. ryb : vyu (龍); (horary 
sign) tatsu (辰). 

Dragonfly, n. tomho (i§ 鈴). 
Dragon's-blood, n. Hrln-keisu 

麵 血). 
Dragoon, n. klhel (麟 兵). 
Drag-rope, , n. hiki-dzima. 

Drain, gesui (下水) ; (outflow, as of 
specie) ryushutsu ('^出). 

covered , fuse-doyu ; ume- 


Drain, t.v. (a glass) nomi-hosu ; (land) 
nolmidzu wo hakasu, or otosu. 

to a swamp, numa no midzu 

ICO kumi-hosu. 

Drainage, n. (of land) midzu-hake ; 
sosui (疏 tK) ; haisui (排水). 

Drake, n. ahlru no osu ; o-ahiru. 

Dram, n. (draught) ippai (一杯) ; 
(apothecaries' weight) equiv. to 1 
momme, 3 rin, 6 mo ; (avoirdupois) 
equiv. to 4: fun, 7 rin, 2 mo. 

Drama, n. kyogen. 

lyric (classical), nd-kyoge)i 

Dramatic, a. kyogen no yd na. 

Dramatically, adv. kyogen no yd 

Dramatist, n. kybgen-sahusha (狂言 

作者). ' , 

Drape, t.v. nijkake-ru. 
Draper, n. tammonoya ; qofuknya 

(吳服 屋). ' 
Drastic, a. (radical) komponteki (根 

本 的) no ; (severe) genkoku (嚴 酷) na. 
Draught, n. (of a ship) funa-ashi ; 

midzu-iri ; Jcissui (喫水) ; (of wind) 


at one , Mto-kuchi 7ii ; hito- 

iki ni. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 

[ 256 ] 

forced , In/xitsu-tsufu (5 虽壓通 

ligM steamer, asa-kissul- 


natural , ordinary …… , 

shizen-tsfifa ( 自 然 通風). 

one (of a net), hUo-ami. 

there is a , kaze ga hairu ; 

kaze ga suite hairu. 
Draught-beer, n. taru-Uiru ; kl- 

Draught-liorse, n. ni-uma, 
Draug-li tsman , n. dzu-Ukl 
Draw, t.v. (drag) hiku ; (a sword) 
miJcu ; (a picture) kaku ; (water) 
kumu ; (curtains) kake-ru ; (a bill) 
furi'da.m ; tori-kumu ; (funds) hiki- 
dasu ; torl-tsuke-ru ; (a plan, bow, 
lots) hiku ; Y. also Drawn. 

s 10 feet (of a shi-p), fwia-ashl 

wa ichJjd am. 

to a sword, haito (拔刀 ) s ; 

saya-harai ひ s. 

to down, hikirorosu. 

to down upon one's self (as 

censure), maneku. 

to in, hiki'komu. 

to out, nuku ; hiki-dasu ; 

(stretch) nohasu ; (money) hiki- 

to out an army, gwizei (軍 

wo kuri-dasu. 

to towards one, hiki-yose' 


to up, hik'i-age'ru ; (a docu- 

ment) shitatame-ru ; tsukuru ; saJcu- 
sei (作製) s ; (a report) chosei (調 
製) s. 

to up in line, neiretsu (並歹 ij) 

l>raw, i.v. (of tea) de'ru. 

to "back, ato e sarjaru. 

^ to near, chikayoru ; (of time) 

cJiikayoru ; ni]semaru ; seppaku (切 

迫) s ; the time s near, mo 

saici ga mijilcai. 

to off, hiJcitoru ; shirizoku. 

. to well, (of a pipe) 一 yolcu 

thru ; (of a play) d-iri da ; o-aiari 

to let (as tea), dasu. 

Draw, n. (undecided game) mushdhu 
(無 勝 M) ; shdJm-nashi. 

Drawback, n. (objectionable fea- 
ture) kosho (故障) ; (djity) modoshi- 
zel ; zeiHn-Mraimodoshi. , , 

the is that, sono kaicari ni. 

to allow a , zei (税) ico i- 


Dr a wbr id ge? n. hane-hasJil 

Drawee, n. shiharainin [Com. Co.]. 

Drawer, n. (of a bill) furidashinin 
[Com. Co.] ; (blower for the &ve)fiita ; 
(receptacle) iiiki-dashi. 

s, (foreign undergarment) shi- 

ta-dzubon ; shita-momohikl ; shita- 
haki ; (Japanese pants) momohila 
[a. n. soku, が-] ; (of silk) patchi ; 
(coolie's) hnmmomohiki [extending 
to knee]. 

bathing" s, mrumata. 

blue cotton s, mekurajima no 


chest of s, tansu {^W- 

I>rawm2', n. (thing drawn) e ; dzu ; 
edzu ; dzumm (圖 ま); (branch of 
study) gwagalcu (竈 學). 

a bold , sbgwa (草 p). 

an elaborate , mitsugwa (密 


in black, and white, sumi-e. 

in section, seisudandzu (切 

斷圖 )• 

Draw in g-pin , n. tome-byd. 
Drawing-room, n. kyakuma (客 

間) ; bsdsuma (應接 間). 
Drawl, n. to speak with, a , 

yuta-yuta hanashi ico s. 
Drawn, p. p. and a. (delineated) 
kaiia ; (of a game, etc.) shobu-nashi 
no ; niki-icake ni natta. 

a bill of exchange on A" 

A. ni ateta, or A-ate no, kawase. 

battle, ai-blJcL 

sword, miki-mi ; hattb (拔 刀). 

to be , (of a match) rnushdbu 

(無 勝 ni oicaru ; (by lot) kiiji ni 


water just , kumi-tate no 


Drawnwoi'k, n. * ; raiJd-gakari. 
I>ray, n. uma-guruma. 
Dread, t.v. kidoku koicafjara. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 

DEE [ 257 ] 

Dreacuiil, a. osoroshii ; kowai. 

Dreadfully, adv. osorosklkn. 

Dream, n. yume. 

true , masa-yume. 

Dream, i.v. yume loo mi'ru. 

I never t of it, yume nl mo 

shirancikaita. *" 

to of, no I yume too mi'ru ; ico/ 

yume nl mi-ru. 

JDrearily, adv. smnlshlku ; mono- 

Dreariness, n. eqniy. of Dreary- 
foil, by koto. 

Dreary, a. mmh'hii ; mono-sugoi ; 

JUredg'e, t.v. snmu ; shunsetsu s. 

I>redger, n. skunsetsusen (後醒 船) 
[some read shuncJiosen] ; sarai-bune. 

Dredging-, n. shunsetsu. 

Dreg's, n. sMtami ; ori ; kasu. 

Drench, t.v. shitorase-ru. 

to get ed, gutchori nare-ru ; 

hisshori ni nam. 

I>ress, n. Jcimono ; ifaku (衣 ほほ) ; isho 
(衣裳) ; fitkusd (服装). 

evening , v. Dress-clothes, 

latigue , sakugydfuJcu (作業 


foreign ...... , ろ/ Wc" (洋服). 

full , (ciYil) taireifuku (大禮 

flR) ; (mil.) seiso (盛装). 
Japanese , wafuJm (和服). 

Dress, t.v. nil kimono wo kise-ru ; 
(med.) no/teate ico s. 

to : one's self, Jcimono wo kl' 

ru ; mi-go shime wo s. 

to ship, rnankanshoku (滿 j| 監 

Dress, i.y. (mil.) 謹' 

rigiit I migi e mrae. 

to finely, melcasu. 

to in style, kira ico kazaru. 

Dress-elothes, n. relfuku ; emU- 
fuJcu (燕尾服); *; (as dist. from 
uniform) tsiijo-reifuku (通常 禮 服); 
shdrelfuku (小禮 服). 
Dresser, n. manaita. 


Dressing-, n. (bandage) hoffd (繃帶 ) ; 
( sauce ) kake-sh i r a . 

i>ressiiig', n. keshd-hnko (fh 
被 箱). 

I>ressiiig、-$owii, n. (padded) do- 
tera ; (thin) yukata ; [these are 
Japanese garments]. 

Dressing-room, n. kesUb-heya. 

Dress-maker, n. onna-shUateya. 

Dress-shoes, n. hayKjutm (晚 靴) ; (i® 式 軒ヒ). 

i>ribDle, i.v. fare-ru ; (from the 
mouth) yodare ico idrasn. 

to let , iarasv.. 

Driblets, n. by , chlbl-chlhl. 

Dried, a. ho ski- ; Iti- ; as, fish, 

hi-mono ; persimmons, 


I>rift, n. (of an argument) shui 
(趣意); yonjo (要領)'; tail (大意); 
(snow) fufci-yose. 

Dril't, i.v. nagare'vu ; (of snow) fuk'i- 
yose-ru. - 

to about, hy dry a 人 漂流い; 


to ashore, h>./ochaku (漂着) 

s ; nagare-tsuicu. 

to to, ejnagavete kuru. 

I>rill, n. (tool) maikiri ; (training of 
soldiers) sdvm (操 練) ; choren (調練) ; 
(rules of) sdien'{^^) ; (fabric) unsai- 
fii (雲齋 布) ; aya-ganakin ; aya-mo- 

three-cornered , mitsume- 

gm. . 

Drill, t.T. (a hole) Iciri de ake-ru ; 
(troops) soren s ; choren sase-ru ; 

to "become well ed, soren nl 

juku (熟) 

Drily, adv. (of manner) r sit mi (;' 令 淡) 

Drink, n. nomlmono. 
a . 一.. , ippai (一 称). 

food and , inshoku ; hislioku- 

butsu (飮 食物). 

to be maddened with , sul- 
ky ら (醉 狂) s. 

to have a , kahuto iro kaouru 


Hosted by Goo ヌ k 


Drink, t.Y. nonm ; (polite term) meshi- 
agani ; (s-w.iUow) nomi-komu. 

to too much, nomi-siigosu. 

to up, nomi-hosu ; 7iomi- 

Drink, i.v. to by one's self, 

dokiishaku (獨 酌) s. 
to heavily, bom (暴 飮) s. 

Drinker, n. hklari-kiki [vulg.]. 

great , o-zake-nomi ; soko- 

mike ; nuke [vulg.] ; shogakuho 

Drinking*, n. eating* and …… , 

inshoku. • 

Dr inkin g-bout, n. saka-mori. 
Drinking'- water, n. nomi-midzu ; 

inrydsui (欽料 水). 
Drink- money, n. mkate ; nomi- 


Drip, i.v. tare-ru ; shiiataru ; potchiH- 
poichiri to ochi-ru. 

water s from the brandies 

of the trees, ki no eda kara shi- 
dzuku ga ockhru. 

water s from the eaves, 

noki kara amadare ga ochi-ru. 
Drive, t.v. oi-yaru ; (convey in a 

carriage) basha e nosete iku ; (game) 

n by poverty, hinku (貧苦) 

ni sematie. • 

to about, oi-mawasu. 

to a carriage, oasha wo gyo 

(御) s. . 、 

to across, (as a mountain) 

oi-kosu ; (as a river) oi-watasu. 

. to a horse, unia wo tsukau. 

to away, harau ; opparau ; 

oi-harau ; ou ; to have n 

away, owase-ru. 

to back, oi-kaesu. 

to ...... down, oi-kudasu. 

to in, oi-komu ; (as a stake) 

to out, oi-aasu ; (one com- 
modity another) aito (壓 倒) s ; 
haiseki (排ね s. 

to through, oi-tdsu ; (with 

a blow) uchi-nuku, 
to to extremities, oi-iswne- 

[ 258 ] DEO 

to together, kari-yose'ru; 


Drive, i.v. (in a carriage) hasha ni 
to about, nori-iimwaru. 

Drive, n. to go out for a , hasha 

ni notie undo (運動) ni de-ru. 

Drivel, n. yodare ; (nonsense) kuda- 
ranu koto ; mudakkuctii. 

Drivel, i.v. yodare ico tarasu ; (talk 
nonsense) kudaranai koto wo iu ; 
mudakkuchi wo iu. 

Driveller, n. yodare-tarasld. 

Driver, n. (of a vehicle) rjyosha (馬 又 . 
者) ; (of an engine) kikimnshu (機 ft 

Drizzle, n. kirl-ame ; kozame ; hicho- 
hicho-ame ; nuka-ame. 

Drizzle, i.v. klri-ame, etc" gafuru. 

Droll, a. omoshiroi ; hydgeta ; (person) 

hydkin (票 I】 輕) na ; ddkeia. 
Drollery, n. share. 
I>rolly, adv. hydgete. 
Dromedary, n. ippd-rakuda (一峰 

細. . 
Drone, i.v. iinaru. 
Droop, i.v. (from weakness) si dor e- 

ru ; (hang down) shidare-ru. 
Drop, n. shidzuku ; (from the eaves) 

amadare ; (measure) ieki (滴) ; [1 , 

iiteki ; 8 s, hatteki ; 10 s, 

jiiteki ; the rest are regular]. 
Drop, t.v. (let fall) oiosu ; (a liquid) 
Uirasu ; (cease) yame ni s. 

a thing- ped (by mistake), 


to anchor, iJcari wo orosu ; 

tdhyd (投錨) s. 
I>rop, i.v. (fall) ochi'ru ; (of a liquid) 

to dead in the street, iici- 

daore ni naru. 

to in a faint, soito (卒倒) s. 

Dropsy, n. suiH (水 氣) ; suishu ; (of 
the abdomen) chdmayi (膜 滿) ; fuku- 
suishu (腹水 ^) ; fukusul 

Hosted by 


—扁 _^ 

j>ross, n. kana-ouso. 

01 iron, tetsu-guso. 

Drought, n. ? nderi ; teri ; kcimbatsu 
(旱 艫). 

Drove, n. mure. 

Drown, i.v. obore'ru ; obore-shinu ; 

suishi (水死) s ; dekishi (溺死) s. 
I>rown, t.v, midzu de korosu ; dbora- 


ed body,, dekishinin (溺死 人) ; 


to attempt to one's self, 

mi too nage-iv. ; t ら shin (投^ ) s. 

to be ed, v. Drown, i.v. 

to one's self, midzu ni haitte 


to one's self in a well, ido 

ni haitte shinu. 

Drowsily, adv. nemu-sb ni. ' 
Drowsiness, n, nemufai koto. 
Drowsy, a. nemutai. 

to be , nemugaru. 

Drill), t.v. nilhb wo kuraimse'ru. 
Drudge, i.v. ! mi wo ko ni s. 
Drudgery, n. honeori-sMgoto. 

Brug", n. ki-gusuri ; yakuhin (藥 品); 

dangerous …… s, gekiyaku (劇 

Drugget, n. msm (羅氈 ). 

Druggist, n. ki-gusuriya ; yakushu- 

2/« (藥種 屋). 
Drmn, n. taiko ; (shaped like an 
hourglass) tsudzumi ; (toy) denden- 
taiko ; (bound with cord, used by 
geisha) shime-daiko. 

of the ear, koshitsu (鼓室) ; 

(tympanic membrane) komaku (鼓 

Drum, i.v. taiko wo tataku, or utsu. 
Drummer, n. taiko-tataki ; koshu 

Brumstick, n. taiko nombachi. 

Drunk, a. to hs , sake ni yotte 


to be dead , slibtai (生 體) 

れな fcw yotte i-ru ; deisui (泥き) ni 
natte i-ru ; deisui shite i-ru. 

259 ] 


to get , sake ni you : meltei 

(離 酊) s. 

to get half , namayoi ni 


to g-et very •....., taisui (大 gf) s ; 
dzu ち urolcu ni you. 

Drunkard, n. nondakure ; d-zake- 

Brunken, a. sake ni yotta ; meitd 

. man, yopparai. 

Dry, a. kawaita ; (of climate) kanso 
(乾燥) na ; (of grass, etc.) kareta ; (of 
wine) amaku nai ; (dried, q,v.) in com- 
pounds hi- ; hoshl- ; (fig" of persons) 
tsuyake no nai ; (fig., of things, as 
books) mushumi (無趣味) na ; kanso- 
mumi na ; omoshiromi no nai. 

goods, orimono ; tammono. 

goods shop, gofukuten (吳 

服 店). 

measure, masu. 

to be , kawaite oru ; (thirsty) 

ica\noao ga kawaite oru. 

Dry, t.v. (that which is wet) kawaka- 
su ; hosu ; (that which is moist) 

to in the sun, hinaia ni 


to not too near the fire, 

tdhi de aburu, 

to one's self (with a towel), 

midzu ICO fuki-toru ; karada wo 

to timber, zaimoku (材木) 

wo karasu. 

to up, karasu, 

I>ry, i.v. kawaku ; hashagu. 

to up, (of a plant) kare-ru ; 

(of a riyer, etc.) hi'ru ; hi-agaru ; 
(of a moat) kare-ru. 

Drying", n. kansb (乾燥); (in the 
shade) kage-hoshi ; (after the wet 
season) miishi-boshi. 
summer , doyo-hoshi. 

JDrying^-g^rouncl, n. hoshiba. 

I>rying^-up, n. kokaisu (涸谒 ). 

Dryness, n. (of climate) kans5 ; (of 
manner) reitan (?' ^^). 

Hosted by 




[ 260 ] DTJM 

Dual, a control (of states), 

nikakoku no kwanri (菅理 ). 

the principles of nature, 

ryogi (兩 儀). 
Dualism, n. nigenron (二元論); 
nisUnkyb (二 鄉教) ; zen-aku (善 惡) ; 
(of nature) inyb (陰陽). 
Dubious, a. (not definite) almai (瞹 
•) na. 

Dubiously, adv. almal ni. 
Dubiousness, n. uimai na koto. 
DuclieSS, n. hdshaku-fujin (公 || 夫 

Duck, n. (tame) ahiru ; (do. as food) 
oAgamo ; (fabric) kokura. 

Bombay , sayori. 

like water off a ,s back (of 

an unheeded rebuke, etc.), uma ? w) 
mimi ni mmmdsu (; 佛) ; hajl-toffc 

(馬 耳 fE). 

mandarin , oshiaon. 

to make s and drakes, 

midzukiri ico s. 

scaup , nakihajiro-gamo ; 


tufted , k 

wild .,...., km 
Duck, t.v, midzu ni tsuicicomu. 
Duck-liuiit, n. kamo-garl ; kamo- 

Duckweed, n. klwiyomo (金魚 藻). 
Duct, n. kuda ; -kwan ; as, lach- 
rymal , ruikwan (涙き 

Ductile, a. (tractable) sunao na ; (of 
metals, etc.) yoJcu nohiru ; yoku Juki- 
Due, a. (proper) soto (相 當) na ; (pay- 
able) liarau-beki. 

a bill next month, ral- 

getsu-barai no iegata. 

how much is to you ? 

llcura anata ni kari ga arimasu ka. 

in form, seishiki (正式) ni. 

the thanks of all are to 

you for this, kore ica mattalcu 
anata no o kage da. 

the train is now , kisha wa 

mo kuru jibun da. 

to become for payment, 

hensaiki (辨濟 期) ni naru ; ica\ 
shiharal i ' 

to te to (caused by), ni,' 

yoni ; ni/gen-in (原: 因) s ; it may. 

be to the weather, tenki no 

set, or Icagen, ka mo shireim. 

Due, adv. ma- ; sho- (正). 
east, ma-higashi. 

Duel, n. hatashi-ai ; ketid, 

Duellist, n. kettdsha (决鬪 者)/ 

Dues, n. zei ; fukicaJcin (陚 課金). 

harbour , nyukdzei (入港税). 

tonnage , tonzei (顿 税). 

Dug', n. chl-kuhl. 

Dug" — out, n. kuri-hune. 

Duke, n. koshaku (公 If) ; (with 
name) -ko. 

Dull, a. (of weather) uttdsldl ; (stupid) 
nibui ; tondii (頓^) no nal ; oroka 
na ; (ju (愚、) na ; (of places, etc.) 
omoshiroku nai ; (not bright) 
kumotta ; (not lively) inki (陰 氣) れひ ; 
(of trade) fuJcei/d (不 景氣) na. 

to "be , (of a trade) fushin (不 

^) de aru ; chinsei (沈 清!) de aru ; 
(of a particular article of trade) 
wci]fci れ Gti (氣 配) ga icarui ; (of the 
share-market) bony art de aru ; 
(clouded) Icumotte i'ru. 
to get (of ii colour), kuro- 

Dullness, n. (of wits) , 

gudon (愚 Jg) ; rodon ; (of 

trade) /w/ceifci (不景 氣). 

Duly, adv. (correctly) soi (相違) 
naku ; (without fail) tashika ni ; 
masa nl ; kitto ; (properly) shuhi- 

Dumb-bell, n. * ; t (り' p 上 

exercise, arei-taiso (3 &鈴體 


Dumb-foundered, a. to he , 

akire-ru ; akire-kaeru ; aJckeni-tora- 

Dumb-person, n. dshl ; osh'i. 

Dumb- show, n. te-mane. 

dramatic performance, 

Dumpling, n. da ago (圑 子). 

Hosted by 


― DTO - [_2G1 ] 

Dun, t.Y. nljsaisoku (權 促) s ; nil 

. setisiiku ; nijfokusoku {'Mik^) s. 

to for, icolsalsoku s, 

to one for (a loan, subscrip- 
tion, etc.), wo/m.its ん •« (無 や) uo s. 

Dim, a. kofje-rha no. 

Ounce, n. nilrul mono ; nvke-saku. 

Dung*, n. kuso ; fun. 

horse , ma-quso ; ha fun (, 馬 

糞). . . 

Diiiinage, n. sMkl-ita. 

Duorteciiuo, n. (む 2"xG.2") shi- 
rokuban (四 六 夢で). 

DuorteilUin, n. jrailshichd (一 卜ニネ 旨 


Dupe, t.Y. (izaiiiukii ; oloshi-ire-ru. 

Duplex, a. (of an engine) nlrensldki 
(ニ聯 式) r め ; (double) mju (二重) no. 

Duplicate, a key, ai-kagi. 

in , nitsu (二 iffi) ni shite. ' 

Duplicate, n. (of a clocument) 

hikae ; fukuhon 

I)lll3licate, t.v. (make another copy 
ot)fukusha (複寫 i s. 
to be d, nijil nl naiie oru. 

I>uplicity, n. futa-rjokoro. 

Durability, n. mochi no U koto. 

Durable, a. (wearing well) mochl no 
yoi ; (permanent) eikyil (永久) no. 
to i)e. , nagaku motsu. 

Duration, n. (term, in years) nengen 
(年限).. . 

period of , sonzokii-kikan 

繽朗 間) [Civ. Co.]. ' 

During*, prep, no akla ni ; with 
Chin. compoTinds also -chu ; -jft (中); 

as, dinner, gozen-cJm ; (through 

a period of) -kan (間); as, one 

year, ieldnen-kan ; (in the course 
of) no uchi ni. 

Dusk, n. iasogare ; kuregata ; yu- 
gure ; hi no kure. 
after , M ga l urete kara. 

Dusl" a. to grow , nsii-gvraku 



I>iist, n. (settled) (jom'i ; (fine) chiri ; 
{in the streets, air, etc.) liokori ; 
(crumbled particles, as of tobacco) 
icona ; ko. 

all over , f/omi-darake na. 

gold …… , shaicin (砂金). 

to throw in the eyes of, 

no /me ico Jcuramasu ; icolmanchaku 
(瞞 蕾) s. 

Dust, t.v. no/gomi tco otosu, or harau ; 
(a room) hataku ; (clean up) sdjl (掃 
除 K 

Dustbin, n. gomi-bako. 

Duster, n.fukln ; zdkm [rough] . 

Dust-lieap, u. hakl-dame. 

Dustin^-briisli, n. hataki ; sai- 
hai ; (of feathers) hane-bataJcL 

Dustpan, n. goml-fori : goml-uke ; 

Dusty, a. hokori 

(covered with 
h ijo tea hokori 

dust) hokon-clarake nc 
it is to-day, 

f/a tatsu. 

to be , ni]gomi ga talcaru. 

Dutoli, a. Oranda no. 

Minister, Oranda-koshl. 

Diltcli, n. (language) Omnda—jo. 
Diitcliiiian, n. Orandajin. 
Dutiable, a. y'ilzei (有税) no. 

…… good's, kwazdhin (課稅 品); 

Diititui, a. (of children) oya-koko 
na ; (of a wife) teiso ( ; tei- 
setsii (貞節) oia ; misao tadashii (of a 
retainer) chilgl (忠義) ? i«. 

to be to one's parents, oya 

ni kblcb (孝行) s. ' 

Diitifulness, n. (of a child) oya-ko- 
ko ; (of a wife) ieiso ; feiseisii ; (of a 
retainer) clmgi. 

Dutii Lilly, adv. kokb ni ; teiso ni ; 
teisefsu ni ; misao tadashiku ; chugl 

Duty, n. (moral obligation) micJii ; 
hombun (本分); gimu (義務) ;' as, 

the moral of man, ningen no 

michi ; (legal obligation) gimu ; (ex- • 
cise, tariff) zei ; (sum piaid as duty) 
zeiJcin. 金) ; (office) yakume ; 

Hosted by 



[ 262 ] 


shokumu (^^) ; shokushd (職 D ; 

tsutome ; (one's particular charge) 


ies, (of a post) shokumu ; 

shokuseki (職責) ; (of a special ap- 
pointment) nimmu (任務). 
ad valorem , jukazei (從價 

税)' . 7 

Customs , or les, kwan- 

zei ; kaikwanzei (、海 關税 )■ 

of the samurai, bushidd (武 


point (of a policeman), tachi- 

ban. . 

the person whose it is to 

attend to that, sono kakari no . 

to be on …… , tdhan (當番 ), or 
tochoku (當 直), de aru. 

to be off , hiban (非番) de 


to do one's , hombun wo 

tsukusu ; (officially) shokumu wo 

to go on , shukkin (出勤) <§• 

to levy ....... kwazei (課税) s. 一 

to pay , zei wo osame-ru ; no- 

zei (納税) s. 

specific …… , jiir ま ei (從量 税). 

while on (of a policeman, 

etc.), kimmucM (^務 中). 

Duty-lree, a. muzei no. 

goods, menzeihin (免税品) ; 

muzeihin {^^M^a)- 

Duty-free, adv. muzel de. 

Duty-paid, a. ndzei-dzumi no. 

Dwarf, n. issumboshi ; seibiJcu ; wal- 

ヌれ (倭 M. 

trees, tsukuri-mono. 

Dwell, i.v. siimu ; sumau ; jiikyo (住 

居) s' 

Dwelling:, n. sumai. 

house, kyotaku (居 宅). 

human , jinka (人家). 

Dwindle, i.v. heru ; gensho (减少 ) s. 

Dye, n. some-gusvvi. ; some-ko ; soine- 
dane ; ganryo (顔 料). 

Dye, t.v. some-rii. 

d goods j some-mono. - 

to Tbe d, somaru. 

to of various colours, 

Dyeliouse, n. kdya (靴屋) ; some- 

Dyeing", n. (act of) sGmemono ; (man- 
ner) somekata. 

I>yer, n. somemonoya ; somemonoshi ; 

Dynamical, a. ddryoku no ; rikl- 
gaku no. 

Dynamics, n. ddryokugaku (動力 

學) ; rikigaku 、力 • 
Dynamite, n. *. 
Dynamo, d. hatsudenkl (發 電機). 

Dynasty, n. dai (代) ; did (朝). . 
northern and soutlaern ies 

(of Japanese Emperors in the 14th 
century), nambokucho (南北朝). 

T'ang- , tocho (廣 朝). 

Dysentery, n. sekirl (赤 瘌) ; rtbyd 

(爾 病) ; akahara. 
Dysmenorrlioea, n. kelhei (經閉 ) ; 

gekkei-konnan (月經 困 It). 
Dyspepsia, n. ijaku (胃弱). 

Dyspeptic, a. ijaku na. 

to be , wa\i aa waimi. 

Dyspnoea, n. ikigire ; kokyu-konnan 
(呼吸困難 )• 

Hosted by Google 


[ 263 ] 


Kaeli, a. (every) ono-ono no. 

is expr. by dzutsu or ate nl 

used as an adv.; as, 

cost a yen , icJdyen (一圓) 

dzutsu kakatta. 

put two go into of these 

bottles, kono tokkuri ni nigb (二 
合) ate ni irero. 

individual, melmel (名々); 


individual gives his own 

opinion, melmei sono kangae uo 


i., "に /ui ni ; ai-iagal ni ; 

as, are on bad terms with. 

other, tagai ni naka rja v:arid. 
to abuse other (to a third 

person), tagal ni icarukucJd u'O 

other is also expr. by an 

suffixed to the indef. form of the 
verb ; as, 

to abuse other, iar/al nl 

waruku u-au. 

to bite other, kami-au. 

to emulate other, hari-au. 

to fall in with other, 


to glare at other, niraml- 


to hug" other, aaki-au. 

to meet ...... other, de-au. 

time, maido (每 度). 

Eager, a. nessh'm (熱, 亡、) na ; setsu 
(切) na. 

to Tbe , foil, by the inf. is 

expr, hy -iagaru suffixed to the 
indef. form and preceded by 
shikiri ni. 

Eag'erly, adv. shikiri ni ; nesshin 
(熱心) ni ; fumpatsu (奮 ま) shite ; 
setsu (tjO) ni. 

to desire , Jddoku hoshigaru ; 

netsubo (熱望) s ; katsiibb (谒 ||) s. 

Eagerness, n. nesshin (熱, 亡、) ; fum- 
patsu (奮 發) ; ei-i (鋭 竟) ; (of desire) 
neisiihd ; katmihd 望). 

Eagle, n. washl ; (aquila clirysoeuus) 
inuwashi ; (halietus albicilla) ojii^o- 
washi ; (h. pelagicus) oioashi. 
where the carcass is there will 

the sbe gathered together, 

kufial-mono ni hal ga talcaru. 
Eag'le-buzzarcl, n. kumataka. 
! Eagle-eyed, a. me no hayai ; rue no 
surudoi ; (fig.) keigan (議 返) no. 

Ear, n. mi7ni ; (of corn) ho. 

lobe of the 一… , jlda (耳朶); 

praying" to deaf s, uma no 

inimi ni nemhutsu (念 彿) ; haji-tdfu 

(馬耳東風). ^ ^ ^ . 

to be over head and s in 

debt, shakkin de mi-ugofci mo 
dekinai ; shakJdn de Icuhi get 

to be over liead and s in 

love, rembo (戀 慕) shiie uchoten 

{^JM,^) れ' I natte oru. 

to come to one's s, jida ni 

fure-ru ; mimi ni hairu ; ioo\mi7ni ni 

5 [E subj.+J. obj.] ; ico]JciJci-komu. 
Ear-aclie, n. mlmi-itami; jUsn (耳 痛). 
Ear-drum, n. komaku [sMM)- 
Earl, n. haku (伯) ; hakushaku (伯爵). 
Earldom, n. hakushaku (伯爵). 
Early, a. hay at ; (of fruit or vege- 
tables) hashiri no ; hajime no. 

at the iest possible date, 

. iclii nicM mo hayaku. 

riser, or rising", haya-oJci. 

spring', haru no hajime ; 

harusaki ; hatsuharu. 

Early, adv. hayaku ; hayd. 

ier than usual, hayame ni. 

to get up , asa hayaku oki- 

ru ; haya-oki wo s. 

ICaril, t.v. moke-ru. 

how much do you in a 

day ? ichi nichi (一日) ni ikura no 
kasegi ga aru lea. 

to : one's living, tosel (渡世) 
.9 ; yo-watm'i s. 

■Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 264 ] 


Earnest, a. nessldn (熱, 亡、) na ; nes- 
s^f (熱誠) na ; sen-itsu (專 一) na ; 
seijitsu (誠 實) na; Icyu-kyu (汲々) 

Earnest, n. (not jest) majlnie ; shi れ- 
jiisu (ft 實); seijitsu (t 腹); honki 
(本 氣). 

are you in in saying* 

that ? so7'e ica majinie no q hanashi 
de gozaimasu Jca. 

money, telsuke-Jcin (手附 金). 

to act in , (not in jest) shim- 

memmoku (眞 面目) ni yaru ; (reso- 
lutely) honki (本 氣) de yaru. 

Kariiestly, adv. (eagerly) issldn (一 
^p) ni ; shin kara ; konkon (懇 々 ) 《o ; 
(in making a request) ori-itte ; (in- 
tently) tsuku-dzuku io ; (of desire) 
setsu i 切) 7ii ; (warmly) shikiri ni ; 
hitoe ni ; Idtasura ni ; (zealously) 
nessldn ni. 
to desire , setsubd (切望) s. 

Earnestness, n. nesshm (熱) 亡、) ; 
(seriousness) seijitsu. 

Earuing'S, n. shotoku (所得.) ; moke ; 
shiinyu (Jj^ 入) ; mi-iri ; sakutoku (f^ 
《畏) [ongmally, of a peasant, as dis- 
tinguished from the land rent, i.e. 
after it has been paid], 

li^ar-pick, n. mimi-kakl. 

Ear-ring', n. mimlica. 

Ear-shell, n. awahi. 

Ear- trumpet, n.jUd (耳 筒). 

Earth, n. (astron.) chikyi~i (地球); 
(burrow) ana ; (ground) ji (地) ; 
(soil) isuchi ; (the world) sekai ' (世 

heaven and , ienchi (天地). 

Kartli, t.Y. to up, tsuchl-kau. 

Eartlien, a. dosei {±M) 鶴' 
pot, do-nahe. 

Eartlien-lloor, n. cZoma (土間). 

Earthen ware , n. jlki (磁器) ; tdkl 
(陶器) ; yoMmono ; setomono ; (as 
opposed to porcelain) isuchi-yaki ; 
(un glazed earthen vessel) kaicarake. 
vessel, doki (土器). 

Eartllly, a. (as opposed to heavenly) 
ukiyo (浮世) no ; kono yo no ; genze 
(現世) れ ; shaha i^i^) no ; (carnal) 
Joyoku (情慾) "0. 

Earthquake, n.jishin (地震). 

disaster, shinsai (震 炎). 

great , d-jishm. 

slight. , 磁 i れ (微震). 

there is an , jishin ga yuru, 

or s : 

Kartliwork, n. doled (土工). 
Earth worm, n. immidzu ; memedzu 


ll^ar-wax, n. mimi-aka ; mhni-l-uso. 

Earwig", n. hasami-mushi. 

Ease, n. (freedom from toil) raku 
(樂) ; cinraku (安樂) ; (of mind) an- 
shin (安心) ; anJci (安 氣); ando (安堵). 

at one's , (freely) jiyii (目 由) 

ni ; jizai (自在) ni ; (without cere- 
mony) enryo (遠慮) naku. 

march, at I michi ash'i. 

to feel at (mentally), anshin 

(安心) s; ando (安;^) s; kokdro 
ICO yurusu. 

to take one's , asonde oru. 

stand at ! yasume. 

with , nan nalcu ; raku ni. 

with the greatest , raku- 

raku (樂々 Ko. 

Kase, t.Y. (give freedom of move- 
ment to) yurume-ru. 
to pain, (by distracting at- 
tention) uami wo magirasu ; (by 
treatment) Uami wo yu7mnie-ru. 

to the mind of, ni/ansJdn 

(安' じ、) sase-ru ; ni/ando (安 裙) sase- 
ru ; kiraku 樂) rd sase-ru. 

Easement, n. jlyakken [地 役權) 
[Civ. Co.]. 

Easily, adv. (of a machine) guai 
yoku ; (smoothly) raku (*^) ni; yasu- 
yasu to ; (without difficulty) yasuku ; 
tayasuku ; tegaruku ; nan (雛) naku ; 
zosa (造 f^) mo naku ; wake naku ; 
raku ni ; yoi ?ii [generally used with 
the neg.]. 

that is done (in reply to a 

request), .9ore wa o yasul go yd de 

Hosted by LjOOQle 


[ 265 ] 


Easiness, n. (freedom from dif- 
ficulty) iayasid koto ; yol (容易) na 
Jcnto ; (freedom from distress) aii- 
raku (安樂) ; aniisu (安逸). 

East, n. higashi ; ( 東方). 

and west, tdzai (;^ 西). 

wind, hir/ashi-Jcaze ; kochi 

the .. ... , mjd (東洋). 

. the Far , Kyokuio (@ 東); 

Zeifd (絕 東). 

Easter-day, n. f "k'kmdsvj'dsu (復 
活 日). ' 

JGastex*-eve, n. fuk'k れ' aisu-zer'j U su 
(復活 前日). ' 

Kas t c r-wee k, n. Monday in 

, fukkica i sii (/o-getsuydbi (復活 

後月 曜日). ' ' 
Easterly, a. {from the east) higashi 
no ho kara no ; (of aspect) higashi 
miOci no ; (toward the east) higashi 
no ho e no. 

Eastern, a. higashi no ; toho (東方) 

countries, toyd-shokoku 

洋諸國 )• ' 

the provinces oi Japan, 

kwantb (關 東). 

the question, toi/<jmondai 

(東洋 問 题). ' 
Kastwarcl, adv. luqasld no lid (方) e ; 
toho (東方) e. 

Easy, ■ a. yasul ; zosa (造作) 
mo nai ; iayasid ; yasaslm ; wake 
mo nai ; (informal) tegarui ; (of a 
person's carriage) shidzuka na ; yuttar i 
to shita ; (or beliayiour) kazari no 
nai ; katnkurushiku nai ; (of writing) 
hei-i (平易) na ; (smooth) raku (樂) 

...... before a verb in Eng. is exp. 

by -yasui, or -yol, affixed to the 
indef. form of the verb. 

cliair, anraku-isu. 

to bear, shinogi-yasul. 

to learn, ohoe-yasuL 

to understand, xmkari- 


an mind, ansldn (安, じ、). 

money is , kinyu (金融) v:a 

kimmman (緩 漫) de aru. 

to be in mind, ansldn s. 

Easy-going, a. mnkl wi. 

liiat, t.v. iahe-ru ; kua [vulgar, but 
now in everyday use] ; (polite) 
a gar a ; meshiarjaru ; (of animals) 

won't you anything' ? nani 

mo o agari nasahnasenu ka. 
thank you, I will noth- 
ing", arigato, naru mo Ifadakl- 

Ea t, i.Y. iahe-ru. 

to into, ni;h(il-koma. 

Eatables, n. tahe-mono ; kid-mono ; 
shohumotsu (食物) ; sholcvAjolwi (食/ fj 
品 ) ; shokuhin (食品). ' 

Eatable, a. is expr. by tlie potential 
of the Yerb to Eat. 

Eater, n. great , falshoku (ゾ く 

食) no hi to ; dr/ural. 

small , shoshoku (少食) rio 


Katiilg-liouse, n. (for coolies, etc.) 
meshi-ya ; imka-ya [the lowest 
class] ; (general) rydriya (料理屋) ; 
kappbten (割烹店); insliokuten (飮食 
店) ; (high-class) kicaiseJci-rydriten 
(會席 料理店) ; (on wheels) vatal-inise. 

iilave>S, n. noki ; noki-sakl. 

! Eaves drop, i.v. tacM-g'iki wo s. 

Ea ve s-(lr oppe r, n. tacMglkl-h. 

Eaves-dropping', n. tarJd-r/ikL 

Ebb, i.v. hiku ; hl'ru. 

Ebb-tide, n. hUd-shlo : tfdrhd 

Ebisiis sagamius, ahura-hdzu. 

Ebony, n. kokutan (黑 擅). 

Ebullition, n.fattd (沸騰). 

to give way to an of tem- 
per, iJcari wo hassuru. 

Eccentric, a. henkutsu (婦 屈) na ; 
hen na ; henteko na ; ippu-Jcaioatta ; 
jogi (定木) ni hadzurete oru ; hempeki 
(豳 癖) 舰- 

person, hemhutsu (C^ 物) ; 

henjin (簡 人): kaimri-mono ; kijin 
(奇人). ― 
Eccentrically, adv. henkutsu (Di 
P) ni ; henteko ni ; ippil-kaicatte ; 
jor/i (定: 40 ni hadzurete ; km (^) ni. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 266 ] 


Eccentricity, n. henkutsu (鐳 厘) ; 
hempeki ((^ 痴) ; ippu (一風) Icaim は a 
koto ; jb<ji (全 木) ni hadzurete iru 
koto ; kiheki (畚 病) ; (of orbit, etc.) 
henshinritsu (漏, じ、 率); shinsaritsu 
(心 差 率). 

Ecclesiastes, n. dendo i^pM) rio 
sho (書). 

Ecclesiastic, n. (Budd.) hoshi (法 
師) ; hdzu (坊 ま) ; (Christian) denkyo- 
shi (傳 教師) ; denddshi (傳 道师) ; kyo- 
shi (教師) ; (Shmto) shinkwan (神 
"g— ) ; kannushi. 

Ecclesiastical, a. (Budd.) shfikyd- 
jd (宗教 上) no ; (Christian) kyokwai 
(教會 ) no ; (Shinto) sMshijd (きミ 旨 上) 

Eelieloii, n. teitai (梯隊 ). 

to advance in , ieishin け 弟 

進) s. 

EcliO, n. yama-hiko ; hiblki ; han- 
kyo (反響) ; kodama. 

there is an , kodama ni hibi- 


to be (another's) (of a toady), 

iaiko ico taiaku. 

Eclio, i.v. hiMkii ; hankyd (友 響) s. 

(of a performance) oaeki ; 
(of an entertainment, etc.) taisb (大 
W 旭 keiki (景 g). 
the ball went off with great ... 

…, おん w^ai (舞踏 會) im iaiso (大 
; 1=0) na keiki (;^ 氣) de aita, na- 
kanaJca seikwal (盛 會) datta, or 
sakan datta. 

Eclectic, n. setchuka (折衷 家). 
Eclectic^ a. seichu (折衷) no. 
Eclectically, adv. setcku (折衷) shl- 

te ; shusha (fe 捨) shite. 
Eclecticism, n. setclmho (折衷 法) ; 

setchU-skugi (玩衷 主義). 

Eclipse, n. annular , kinkwan- 

shoku (金環蝕). 

of the moon, gesshoku ; 

fjwasshoku ( 月 會 虫). 

of the suu, nisshoku ( 日 触). 

total , kaiki-shoku (皆旣 

total of the moon, ges- 

shoku-kaUci {^^^^), 

Eclipse, t.T. to be d (fig.), owa- 

rete oru. 

Ecliptie, n. kwbdd (黄道). 

inclination of the plane of the 

, kwodd no keisha (傾; R ネ). 

plane of the ……, kwddomea (黄 
道 面). 

Economical, a. kenyaku (儉 約) na ; 
sekken (節 險) w な; (of a person only) 
uchiba na ; tsumashii ; (pertaining to 
economics) keizaijd (經濟 上) no ; kei- 
zalkai (經 濟界) no; riz'djd (理財 Ji) 
no ; keimi (經濟 ) no ; kelmiteki (經濟 
的)' "0. 

spirit, kenyakushin (儉 $勺 心). 

Economically, adv. kenyaku (儉 約) 
ni ; sekken (節 儉) shite ; tsumashiku ; 
uchiba ni ; (pertainiDg to economics) 
keimikal (經 濟界) de ; keizaijd de ; 
rizaijo (理 上) de ; keizaUeki ni. 

Economics, n. kelzalr/aku (經 濟學) ; 
rimigaku (理財 學). 

Economize, i.v. kenyaku (儉糸 勺) s ; 
sekken (節 儉) s ; tsuie wo hahuku ; 
setsugen (k 滅) s. 

Economize, t.v. kenyaku (儉 糸 勺) s ; 
sekken (節 儉) s ; herasu ; halmku ; 
tsudzume-ru ; setsugen (節 减) s. 

Economy, n. kenvaku (儉 約) ; sek- 
ken (節 儉) ; setsugen (節' 减 )• 

political , keizaigaku (經濟 

學) ; Hzaig ま U (理財 學). 

Ecstasy, n. (of joy) mugen (無限) no 
kwanlci (歡 喜) ; kagiri no nai yoro- 
Jcohi ; o-yorokdbi ; (state of raptness) 
hoshin (fe' 亡、). 

Eddy, n. udzumakl ; gyalmryu (逆流) ; 
(of wind) tsumuji-kaze ; kama-kaze ; 
[an eddy of wind is sometimes per- 
sonified undei' the name of kama- 

Eddy, i.v. udzumaku ; meyuru. 

Edge, n. (of a cliff) kishi ; (of a cup) 
fuchi ; (of a knife) ha ; (of a table, 
etc.) fuchi ; (of cloth) hashi ; heri ; 
(of paper) hashi. 

of the sea, kaihen. 

of the water, midzu-glica. 

gilt s (of a book), klmbuchi. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 

[ 267 ] 


to give an to a knife, nalfu 

ni ha wo tsuke-ru, or tate-ru. 

to set the teeth on , ha wo 


to test the of a sword, 

Jdre-aji v:o tamesu. 

Edge, t.T. (border) nl/hen wo tsuke-ni. 
two d, moroha no ; rydha no. 

Edg*e, i.v. to away from, kara/ 

yoko ni doku. 

to up, (to fi person) ni/suri- 

yoru ; (on one's knees) hlza ico 

Edg'eless, a. (blunt) ha no tatle inai ; 
nihui ; namatte oru ; (without edge) 
ha no nai. 

Edge-tool, n. hamono ; r'M (手 IJH). 

Edg-ewortliia papyrifera, ml- 


Edging*, n. (of braid) sasa-heri ; y. 
also Edge. 

Edible, a. kurawareni ; taherareru ; 
shokumotsu (食物) ni nam. 

seaweed, (araria ; pinnatifida) 

loakame ; (laminaria japonica) 
Jcomhu ; (layer) nori [arame, zem- 
77iai and hijiki are other species].. 

Edict, n. fukoku (布告) ; /" ぽ (布令) ; 
kokuji (告示) ; fare. 

Imperial , chokurel (赖 令) ; 

(of Emperor of China) jo?/ (上諭). 

Edification, n. kybkun (教訓) ; 
kybdb (教導); keiteki (啓 廸). 

Edifice, n. tatemono ; tateya ; kert- 

chikuhutsu (建築 if 勿). 
Edify, t.v. michibiku ; kybhun (教 pl) 

s ; hybdd (教導) s ; keiteki (啓 迪) s. 
Edit, t.v. (a newspaper) liensliu (編 

輯) s ; (compile) hensan (編纂) s. 

Edition, n. han (版) ; shiippan ( 出 
版) ; kankd (刊行) ; ink5 (印行). 

first , shohan dai-ippan 

(第一 版). 

new , shlmpan (^^). 

second saihan (^){|^) ; nlhan 

(二 版). 

Editor, n. kisha (111 者) ; henshunin 
(編輯 人) ; (compiler) sensha (撰者) ; 

hensansha (m 者) ; (of a newspaper) 
shimbun-kisha (新 rtl ^有)' 

chief (of a paper), 


Editorial, n. shasetm (社 說) ; ron- 
setsu (論 說). 

Educate, t.v. (bring up) sodate-ru ; 
ybiku (養育) s ; Icybyb (教養) s ; (train) 
shikomu ; shiisuke-ru ; oshie'rii ; kyo- 
iku (教育) s ; 7q ゾ (教訓) s ; ■\kanyb 
(涵養) s ; t toya (陶冶) 
a person d at Univer- 
sity, daigaku shusshm (出身) 

no mono. 

to the eye, (fig.) me wo age- 

rii ; (lit.) me wo tsuyoku s. 

Kducated, a. kydlku no aru ; gaJcu- 
shUci (學識 ) no am. 

Education, n. (at school) kyo- 
iku ; (bringing up) sodcite ; ydiku ; 
kydvd ; (by the good example of 
another) 卞 kanyd ; 卞 ti5ya ; (training) 
shikomi ; shitsuke ; oshie ; kydJcun ; 
(way of) sodate-kata : shikomi-kata ; 
ybikulio (養育 法) ; kybybhd ; kybllcu- 

Department of , J/omfmshd 


military , (/unji-h-yoiku (軍事 

教育). ■ 

Minister of , Mombu-daijm 


Educational, a. kydlk-u no ; l-yokun 

matters, gakujl (^^事). 

section of affairs, qakamu- 

kwa (學務 課). 

Educationalist, n. kyoikiika (教育 

Eel, n. uncuji. 

broiled s, unagi 'no kahayaki. 

conger , ancigo. 

restaurant, unagl-ya. 

s and rice, unagi-meshi [only 

when served in some utensil], 
electric , denki-nnagL 

Eel-spear, n. unagl-tsuki. 

Eel-trap, n. do ; (basket) uke. 
to set an , do wofuse'ru. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 258 ] 


Eff'ace, t.v. iomaisu (途抹 ) s ; kesu ; 
iori-kesu ; massatsii (^^^) s ; (as, a 
mental impression) sutete shimau ; 
icasurete shimau ; (rub out) kedzuru. 
to become d, kiete huru. 

Kff'acement, n. tori-kesU ; mas- 
satsu ; and eqniv. of Efface foil, by 

Effect, n. (consequence as opp. to 
cause) kekkwa (結果) ; (fruit) shiru- 
shi •, jikJcd (寶 効); koken (効 驗); 
(manner of affecting) eiJcyd (P^) ; 
sashi-hibifci ; (of a painting) e-guai 
(華 工合) ; gioayd (竈 檫) ; (of medicine) 
kiki-me ; kono (効能) ; shirushi ; yaJc- 
kd (藥 効) ; (sensational) mie ; nwaiJcen 
(外見); (validity), koryoku (効力); 
(result) sei (性); as, 

it must be the of having* 

given way to the temperature, 
jiko (時候) ni maketa sei dard. 

of no , yd ni tatanu ; yaku ni 

tatanai ; koryoku no nai ; mukd (&| 
効) れ 0' 

to come into (of laws), jis- 

sid (實 施) ni nam : shilco (施 f 亍) 

to do for , mie ni 

to give to, icoltori-okonau ; 

ico/shikkd (執行) s ; (of a law) 
jiJcIcd (實 行) s ; shikb (施行) s ; 
jisshi (實 施) .9 ; jissai ni okonau. 

to have an on, ni/eikyd ico 


to take , (of medicine) klku ; 

(legal) koryoku ico shoji'ru, 

words to that , sono imi no 

kotoba . 

liliFect, t.v. (accomplish) sld-toge-ru ; 
jbju (成就) sase ru ; hatasu ; (cause) 
suru ; itasu ; nasu. 

Effective, a. yuryoku (有力) na. ; ya- 
kd (有効) na ; kiku ; Idk'mie no am ; 
Iconb (交) J 能) no am. 

to be , 2/5 ( 用) れ i tatsu ; yaku 

■ni tatsu ; wa]kai ga ひ?" it. 

Effects, n. (baggage) nimotsu (]^4^^) ; 
(property) zaisan (| ォ產) ; shoyuhin 
(所有 品). 

Effectual, a. jiihun (充分) 爾 ; (of 
medicine) Idki no yoi ; yukd (有 タカ) 
no ; ヌたた 5 ( 實 タカ) no am. 

Effectually, SLdv.jiibun ni ; yukd ni. 

Effectuate, t.v. nojjiisu wo age'ru. 

Effeminacy, n. nyujaku (柔弱) ; yfijfi 
(齒柔 ) ; memeshisa. 

Effeminate, a. nyujaku (柔弱) no ; 
onnarashii ; yiiju (@^) ? la ; meme- 
shii ; (in appearance) nyaketa, 
to "be , nyake-ru. 

Effervesce, i.v. awadaisu ; futtd (沸 

11) S I (fig.) mi mm) s. 

.• -… ingr aviiik. fiittdsui (沸騰 水). 
…… ing" powder, fuitdsan (沸騰 

Effervescence, n. aica ; (act of) 
equiv. of Effervesce foil, by koto. 

Effervescent, a, equiv. of Effer- 
vesce used as an adjective. 

Effete, a. (of a government) otoroeta ; 
seiryoJcu i 勢力) no tsuJdta ; (of a 
nation) suibi (衰微) shita. 
old and , oWoreta. 

Efficacious, a. yukd (有効)? io ; yu- 
ryoku (有力) れ ; jiJckd (實交 i) no aru ; 
koryoku (効力) no aru ; kono (効能) 
no aru ; (of medicine) kiku ; kiJcime 
no aru ; yukd no ; jikko vo aru; 
/cond no am. 

Efficaciously, a,dv. yako ni ; jikko 
atte ; koryokit atte ; kono atte. 

llilficacy, n. yiikd ; yuryolm ; ko- 
ryoku ; jikko ; kono ; klJcime ; (of 
prayer) reigen (靈驗 ) ; riyaku (利益). 

Efficiency, n. jitsuryoku (實 力) ; 
yukd ; yurijoku (有力); koryoku (効 
力). ' 

liifftcieilt, a. iki-todoita ; (of persons) 
yaku (役)?" tatsu ; yd (/fl) ni tatsu ; 
(of remedies) tekito (適 當) na ; kikime 
710 aru. 
to be , ikl-todoku. 

Effigy, n. zo (像) ; giiz5 (偶像). 

Efflorescence, n. (chem.) fiikwafun • 
(風化 粉). . 

Effluvium, n. simki (臭 氣) ; akushu 
(惡 臭) ; alcki (惡氣 ). 

Hosted byLjOOQle 


[ 2G9 ] 

Effort ;, n. hone-ori ; jinryoku (盡 力); 
doryoku (努力); henrei (逾勵 ) ; biinben 


by human , hito no chilcara 


in the cf, foil, by a parti- 

ciple is expr. by totan ni after the 
pres. indie. 

in spite of all s, irolro jin- 
ryoku shite mo. 

to concentrate one's s, chi- 

kara ico tsukusu ; sel-ippal (き *f 一 
盃) yaru. 

to make an , cMkam v:o 

Jcome'ru ; sci.{j^i) v:o dasm. 

E ぼ: roiitery, n. atsukamctshii koto ; 
tetsumempi (鐵 面皮) ; harenchl (被廉 
耻) ; zu7Mshisa. 

EffuljJ^ence, n. ka gay aid ; ki,:dkl 
(光輝). . 

Kfltulgent, a. kwdki (光輝) no am. 

to be , kagayaku ; pika-pika 


Effusion, n. nagare-deru koto ; ryu- 
.<?/iw お t4 ( 流出); hasshvisu (發 出); (of 
manner) chochdshii koto. 

of blood on the brain, nd- 

ikkefsu (腦 溢血). 
Jllffusive, a. (of manner) chochdshii ; 
konkon 々 ) taru. 

Kffiisively, adv. cliQcUoshlku ; kon- 
kon to ; doku-doku to. 

Effusiveness, n. v. Effusion. 

E3g"g", n tamago ; (of fish) ko. 

fowl's , niicatovi no tamago ; 


hard-boiled , ude-tamago. 

silkworm's card, tane- 

gami ; sanranshi (g^p 紙). 

silkworm's , kaiko no tane ; 


soft-boiled. , tamaqo no han- 

juku (半 熱) ; hanjuku ' (伞 熟) no 

to lay s, (of a bird) tamago wo 

mnu ; (of a fish or insect) ko wo 

Eg'g", t.v, to on, hagemasii ; oda- 


to on a quarrel, kenkwa (at 

啼 ) ICO f ukkake -ru : 

Eg'g"-plant, n. nasu ; namhl [Kydto]. 

Eg*g"-sliell, n. tariKUjo uo kaica ; 
tamago no kara. ' 

porcelain, usude-seiomono. 

empty , kara no tamago. 

Egoism, n. (as opp. to altruism) rlJco- 
s'/iwf パ (利己主義); rikoshin (利己, じ、); 
aiko-shin (愛 已》 じ、). 

Egotism, n. unuhore ; jifu (自 質); 
jiman (自慢); koman (高' jj) ; rlko (利 
己); shuga (主我). 

Egotist, n. imuhore-ie ; jlfusha ( ま資 
き); jimansha ( 自慢 者) ; jisonka ( 自 . 寧 
家); tengu (5^^^) [vnlg.] ; gari-gari 
mdja (我利々 々亡者) [vulg.]. 

Egotistical, a. unuboreta ; jlfu no ; 
jiman no ; koman na ; (opp. of alt- 
ruistic) rikoteki (利己的) na ; shiiga- 
な H (主我 的) 薦. 

to be , unuhore' ni ; jiju s ; 

jimcm s. • 
Egotistically, adv. unuborete ; jlfu 
shite ; jiman > ni ; koman ni ; rikoteki 
ni ; shucjateJd nl. 
Egregious, a. (in a bad sense) Jdjo 
常) れ ; ひ ひ (仰山) na ; hcma- 
hadashii ; ivo (異ゃ 桑') na ; (or a blun- 
der) hakageta. 

EgTeg'iously, adv. Jiijo nl ; ha.rm- 
hadashiku ; gybsan nl. 

-EgTess, n. deru koio. 

and ingress, de-hiuH ; de- 

iri ; shutsu-nyu (出 Xj' 
place of , cieguchi. 

Egret, n. cJmsagl ; shima-raer/iirL 

buff-backed , amasarji. 

great , daisagi. 

little , shirasagl ; kosagi. 

Eiglit, n. yatsu ; hacld (八); (in 
counting ) ya. 

Eig'lit, a. yatsu no ; ya ; hachl. 

Eighteen, n.juhacM (~h 八). 

Eigllteenth, a. (in order of place) 
juhachl-bamme no ; (in order of time) 
jiViachi-dome no ; jiViachl-tahime no. 

Eig'llteeilth, n. (fraction) jiViachi- 
hun no ichl. 

the (of the month), juhachl 


Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 270 ] 


Eightfold, a. hachibal (八 jSO no ; 
hassobai {AMt») no. 

Eiglitll,' a. (in order of place) dai- 
haehiban (藥 八番) no ; hachibcmme 
no ; yatsume no ; (in order of time) 
hachidome no ; hachitahime no. 

first day of the month, 

hassaku (八朔). 

Eiglitli, n. (fraction) hacltihun no 

the (of the month), ydlca. 

Eig-litllly, adv. dai hachi ni ; dal 
hachibamme ni. 

Eig"litietll, a. (in order of place) 
Jiachijii-hamme no ; (in order of time) 
hachiju-tahime no ; hachiju-dome no. 

Eig'lltietll, n. (fraction) hachijuhun 
no ichi. 

Eigrlity, n. hachijfi (八十). 

Either, a. and pron. (both) rydhd (兩 
方) wo ; sohd (相 方) れ ; (one of two) 
dochira de mo ; idzure mo no. 

Either, cobJ or, ka 


you must hand over the 

goods or pay the money, shhm- 
7nono wo watasu ka kane wo harau 
ka shinakereha naranu ; [after the 
first 】ca, aruiica, or mata wa, is often 

lyaculate, t.y. zekkyo (絕叫 ) s ; omo- 
wadzu koe wo dasu. 

[Ejaculation, n. zekkyo き 斗) ; (in- 
terjection) kantoshi (間投詞). 
Hject, t.v. (a person from an official 
post) menchutsu (免 識) s ; (drive out) 
hochiku (方 5ciE) s ; oi-dasu ; opparau ; 
hinseki (挺乐 j s ; Imchiku (Igjg) s ; 
(evacuate) haisetsu s. 

to blood, (from the anus) 

geketsu (下血) s ; (from the mouth) 
toketsu ぼ 血) s. 

to from the mouth, haki- 

dasu. , 

lyectioii, n. hochiku (放逐) ; oppa- 
mi ; hinseki (擴 斥) ; Icuchiku (驅 逐) ; 
(act of) equiv. or Eject foil by 
koto ; (evacuation) haisetsu (排泄) ; 
(of a person from a, post) menchutsu 

(免 Bfi) ; (of blood from the anus) ge- 
ketsu ( 卞血) ; (of blood from the 
month) toketsu (吐血). 

lllke, t.T. to out, oginau ; tasu. 

to out a scanty living, 

hoso-boso Icurashi wo tate'ru ; romei 
(露命) 膨 tswiagu. 

Xl^laborate, t.v. nen ico irete tsukuru ; 
honeotte koshirae-ru ; tansei (丹精 5 
shite tsukuru. 

Elaborate, a. komakai ; nen (念) no 
itta ; kushin (苦心) no ; saimitsu ほ 田 
密、 na ; memmitsu j (綿密) na ; shosai 
(ififfl) no ; Seiko (精巧) no. 

workmanship, chimitsu' (敏 

^) na saiku. 

Elaborately, adv. komaka ni ; sai- 
mitsu (系 HI 密) ; memmitsu (矛 密) ni ; 
shosai (詳系 HI) ni ; seiJco (精巧) ni ; 
tansei (丹 誡) shite ; kushin (苦, じ、》 

Elaborateness, n. saimitsu ; mem- 
mitsu ; Seiko, 

! Elaboration, n. equiv. of Elabo- 
rate foil, by koto. 

Elapse, i.v. sugi-saru ; fatsu ; keikwa 
(經 過) s. 

many years must , yohodo 

no toshi wo tsumanakereba naranu. 
time s, told ga tatsu. 

Elastic, a. shinshuku-jizai [伸縮自在] 
710 ; kusshin-jizai (屈伸 白: ife) no ; 
ひれ? 'が o/ot (弓單 力) れ aru ; danryokusei 
(§ 單カ 1 生) no ; (accommodating, in bad 
sense) tsugb no yoi. 

band, gomu-wa. 

braid, gomu-sanada. 

to be , (as, of india rubber) 

nobi-chijimi s ; (as, or ivory) hane- 


side boots, fuka-gomu no 


Elasticity, n. danryokushitsu (彈 

力 K). 

Elated, a. to be , ibaru ; iki- 

ybyd (意 氣揚 々 ) to shite oru ; tokui- 

Elbow, n. hijl. 

at one's , tejika ni. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 271 ] 


Elbow, i.v. hiji-deppo s ; Jdji de 

Elder, n. (tree) repr. by niwatoko. 

Elder, n. (older person) toshi-ue no 
hito ; chosha (長' 者) ; iienchbsha (年 
長者) ; sempai (先 j|) ; (of a church) 
chbro (良 老). 

ElCier, a. toshi-ue no ; nenclid 
(年長) no. 

brother, ani ; anisan ; o (mi 

sama [pol.] ; aniki [Yulg.], 

sister, erne : anesan ; o ane 

sama [pol.] ; anego [viilg.]. 

he is the , am kata ica toshl 

(I a ue da. 

JiUlerly, a. kanarl toshi u'o totta ; 
cliiinen loo . sugita ; toshiyori ni 

Jbjldest, a. ichiban toshi wo totta ; 
toshi no ichihan ue no ; toshi no 
ichiban oi. 

brotlier, icniban no ani. 

_ daug-hter, chdjo (長女) ; 

s'dryd-masume ; ane-rtmsume. 

son, soryo (總、 頜) musuko ; 

chbnan (M^)- 

sister, ichioan no ane. 

Elecampane, n. mokkbkim (水 
香 佗). 

Elect, t.v. erahu ; e-rii ; eri-nuku ; 
senkyo (選 氧) &'; (to an official post) 
sennin (選任 j s. 
to be ed, tdsen (當 選) s. 

Election, n. senkyo (選 擧) ; n'msen 
(人選) ; (act of) equiv. of Elect foil, 
by koto ; (public) kosen (公選). 

"bye , hoketsu-senkyo (補缺 

選 擧). 

general , sd-senkyo (lEigSO- 

interference with the s, 

senkyo-kansiio (ilft 干 j 歩). 
Electioneer, i.v. senkyo ni sliusen 
(周旋) s ; senkyo ni jinryoku (盡 力) s ; 
senkyo ni honso (^^) s. 

Electioneering", n. equiv. of 
Electioneer foil, by koto ; senkyo- 
undo (選擧 運動). 

tour, senkyo-yiizH (選擧 

遊 說). 

Elector, n. senkyonin (iMptA) ; seyi- 
kyosha (ii 擧 者). 

Electorate, n. senkyo-yUkensha (i 巽 
擧有瞧 者). 

Electric, a dmkl (電氣 ) no ; denkl 
ICO jiucumeru ; denkl wo okosu. • 

current, denryii (電流). 

engineer, denJci-lcdgakushi 

(罨氣 ェ學士 ); denki-gisH (雷氣 

engineering", denld-lwgalcu. 

… … light, denkito (電 威燈) ; 'dmitd 
(爾燈 ). 

railway, aenki-Utsuao (雷 菊 

鐵 道). 

telegraph, denshm-ki (電 

信 機). 

light company, dento-mcai- 

sha (電 燈會 社). 

Electricity, n. denkl. 

conductor of , dodenfai (導 

電 体). 

dynamical , ryfiki-den (流 

氣電 ). 

power house, hatsuaensho. 

galvanic , ryiidenki (發電 所) ; 

shitsu-denki (濕電 氯). 

negative , indmki (陰 雷 氣). 

positive …… , yddmki (陽 電氣 ). 

science of , denki-rjaku (電 

氣學 ). 

Electrity, t.y. nl I denkl wo tsiiji'ru ; 
nil denkl ico kake-ru ; (fig.) kandd 
(惑 動) mse-ru. 

Klectro, a dynamics, dmki- 

ryoku-gaku (電氣 力 學). 

Kinematics, denki-undd- 

i/aku (電氣 運動 學). 

Electrolysis, n. denJd-hunsekl (電氣 
分 折). 

Electro-magnet, n. clmki-jUetsu 
(雷 氣磁鐵 ); de" ヌ なお V パ 電磁 鐵 )• 

Electro-magnetism, n. denjigalm 
(電磁 學) ; denJUci (電磁 氣). 

Electromet€>r, n. sokudenM (測 

Eleciro-plate, t.v. denJd-mekki ni 

s ; denJd-toJcm (電氣 鍍金) ni s. 
Electro-plated, a. denki-mekki no. 
Electro-pla ciiig*, n. denki-mekki. 
Electroscope, n. kendenki (檢 電器). 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 272 ] 


Electrotype, n. dempan (驚 版) ; 
denki-han (電氣 j{ 反). 

Electuary, n. nerlyaku ('凍 藥 )• 

Eleeiiiosyiiary, a. jizm (慈善) no ; 
hodokoshi no ; kyiljutsu (救恤 ) no. 

Elegance, n. (of appearance, etc.) 
Umyd (美妙); yubi (優美); kicarei 
(華麗); (of language, etc.) f/achi (flfe 
致) ; (of manners) gachi (fjllSc) ; hun- 
ga (文雅). 

Elegant, a. (of persons) iJci (意 氣) 
oia ; yubi (優 卖) na ; (of style, etc.) 
cjachi (f( き 致 j na ; (of things) kirei 
魔) れな; fiiryu^ {]%^) ? m ; kwaU (傘 
美) ; k る sho (i^it^) na ; uruwashii, 

llileg'antly, adv. Jcwarel ni ; kwahi 
(華 4) ni ; gachi (雅致) ni ; himyd 
(美き i ni ; fcosho (高 尙) ni ; uruwa- 
shiku ; yfdn (優美) ni. 

Elegy, n. aika (哀歌). 

Element, n. (of nature) geaso ほ 
素) ; genshitsu (原 霣) ; genseibun (元 
成分) ; (proper sphere) seibun (成分). ; 
(jens?iitsu (原 質) ; mochimae. 

he is in his when talking 

politics, seijidan (政事 談) 職 am 

Into no tokui (得-意) da. 

nutritive , eiydbun (營 養分). 

tlie five s, gogyd (五行). 

to be in one's , mochimae ni 

feki (適) s. 

Elementary, a. (of learning) sho- 
r/aku (初 學) no ; shoho (初歩) no ; 
shokyii (初級) no ; (simple) tanjun 
(單 純) 舞 

education, shotd-kyolku (初 

筝 教育). 

T;ext-"book, slioio-kyokwasho 

(初等 教科書). 
Elements, n. (first principles) qenri 

Klepliant, n. 20 (象). 

white , hakuzd (白 象); (fig.) 

Elephantiasis, n. zdhihyd (象 皮 

病) ; kessetsiirai (結節 癩 )• 
Elevate, t.v. aqe-ru ; (a person) tdyd 
(登用) shokyu (昇級) sase-ru ; 

shoto (昇 等) sase-ru ; (raise from, a 
low state) takame-ru ; ko'sho (高 尙) 
.s- ; (the voice) age-ru ; haru. 

Elevation, n. takasa ; (a high 
place) fakami ; oka ; kodakai tokoro ; 
(in astronomy) kodo (鳥 度); (in 
giinnei-y) gydkaku (仰 さ); (of a 
person) tdyd ; shoto ; (of character) 
kbsiio (高 f§) ; kedakai koto. 

area of (barometrical), kdki- 

• rdsu (高氣 H) no kidki (區 域). 

Klevator, n. shhkoki (拌降 器). 

Eleven, n. jaicU ( -卜 一). 

EleventU, a. (in order of place) dai- 
jidchi (第 ヤー) no ; jmchi-hamme no ; 
(in order of time) jukhi-dome no ; 
jfiicni-tahime no. 

Eleventh, n. (fraction) jfdchihun 
(十一 分)? j^o Ichl. 

Elias, n. Erla. 

Elicit, t.v. melryb (明亮) nl s ; hydmei 
(表明) s. 

to a confession, halcKjo 

{ 曰 狀) sase-ru. 

Elide, t.v. (gram.) tsume-m ; habuku ; 
ryaku (唇) s. 

to be d, tsimiaru ; hahukavu ; 

ryaku sare'ru. 

Eligibility, n. gbkaku (合格) ; (suit- 
ability) teJcito (i^ 當). 

Eligrible, a. sod (相 應) 聽; sdtd (相 

當) na ; teJcito (適當 j na ; tsuri-aUa ; 

(desirable) nozomasliii, 

person to vote, senkyo- 

yukensha (選 攀有權 者). 
Klig'ibly, adv. soo ni ; sow ni ; tekitb 

ni ; tsuri-atte. 
Eliminate, t.v. nukl-toru ; sakitjo 

(删 除) s ; sute-ru. 
Elimination, n. sakujo ; (act of) 

equiv. of Eliminate foil, by koto. 

Elislia, n. Erisha. 
Elision, n. (gram.) shoryaku (省略), 
Elk, n. tsuno-shika. 
Ellipse, n. koban-nari ; (math.) daeu 
(榜圓 ); ぷ e "ん' (長圓 形). 

Hosted b ん 00 ヌ 

ん:^ ノ- 


[ 273 ] 

Elliptical, a. kohari-narl no ; daen 
no ; chdenkel no ; dankel no ; (defec- 
tive) sJwryaku (番 略) no. 

一… oibit, daen-kidd (橋圓 軌道 )• 

Elm, n. ya-glri ; ya-hadzn nire. 

Elocution, n. enzetsuhd (演說 法) ; 
nobenjufsu (能辯 術) ; yfihenjutsu は隹き 

Elocutionist, n. ydhenka (雄 辯 家) ; 
nobenka (能辯 家). 

ElOllg'ate, t.Y. nolasii : hlki-nohasu ; 
shincho (f 中?^) s. 

Elongate, i.v. nohl-ra ; shincho 
(伸張) s. 

Elongation, n. shincho ; (act of) 
equiv. of Elongate foil, by koto. 

Elope, i.v. (of a couple) kake-ochi s ; 
(run away) toho (逃亡) s; nige'ru ; 
cMkuten (jE 雷) s ; shvppon (出 s ; 
dzultokuji (嘆德 寺) wo kime'ru [yuJg.]. 

to with, a woman, onna ico 

tsurete kake-ochi s. 

Elopement, n. fFM ; chlkutm (jg 
H) ; shuppon ; (of a couple) kake- 


Eloquence, n. nbhen (jf き 辯) ; ijiihen 
(雄 辯) ; henzetsu (辯 舌) ; be 職 i (辯 
ォ) ; た (口才) ; tatsubm (達 辯). 

Eloqiienr, a. nob en na ; henzetsu no 
aru ; hensai no aru ; henko (W[=U) no 
yoi ; kosai no aru ; yuhen na ; hen- 
zetsu no yoi ; tatsuhen na. 

Eloquently, adv. noben de ; henzetsu 
de ; bensai de ; kosai de ; yuhen de ; 
toto (滔々 ) to; ryuehd (流暢) ni ; 
surasura to. 

Else, adv. hoka nl ; ta ni ; som ta ; 
hetsu ( 3iJ ) ni. 

some one , hoka nl dare lea. 

something' , hoka ni nani 


somewhere , hoka ni doklca. 

Else, conj. or , sa mo nakereha ; 


Else, a. hoka no ; ta no ; betsu no. 
Elsewhere, adv. (in another place) 

hoka ni ; tasJio m ; (to another place) 

hoka e : iaslio e' 

Elucidate, t.v. (explain) 

setsumei (她 明) s ; kaishaku (/^^) 
s ; (make clear) akimka ni s ; tsvma- 
Uraka ni s : hemmei (辨 明) s ; nieiryd 
(明 i^) れ ;-' s ; hakklri sase-ru. 

Elucidation, n. (act of) equiv. of 
Elucidate foil, by koto ; (explana- 
tion) tokl-akashi ; setsumei (說 明); 
(making clear) hemmei. 

Elude, t.Y. yoke-ru ; sake-ru. 

to observation, hUome wo 


to punishment, tsuwl v:o 

nogare-ru, or manukare-ru. 
to pursuit, nogare-ru. 

Elusive, a. (of firguments, etc.) kumo 
100 isukama yd na ; isukamae-doko no 

Emaciated, a. yase-otoroeta ; yase- 
ta ; yase-koketa. 

Emaciation, n. yaseta koto ; yatsu- 
re ; shdsul ('ま 悴) ; (owing to heat) 

Emanate, i.v. de-ru ; okoru ; hassu- 
ru ; hasshutsu (發 出) s. 

Emancipate, t.v. jliju (自由) ni s ; 
(of slaves) kaihd (解き) s ; shakuho 
(釋 放) s ; ji,ya no ml ni s. 

Emancipation , n. equiv. of 
Emancipate foil, by koto. 

Emasculate, t.v. nolkintama wo 
nulcu ; no I kill wo nuku ; nolkassei 
(害 U 勢) 簡 s ; wojkyosei (去勢) s ; 
(render effeminate) nyiljaku (^||) 
ni s. 

Embalm, t.v. miira nl s ; (in 
Japanese style) e/s/m wo fsim.e'ru ; 
wo/shudziime ni s. 

Embalmer, n. miira-shl. 

Embalming, n. miira. 

Embank, t.v. nijdote v:o tsuku. 

Embankment, n. tsutsumi ; dote ; 
teibo (±是 防) ; (act of) dote wo tsuJm, 
koto ; (of stones enclosed in bamboo 
hiird les ) ja-kago. 

Embarg-O, n. funa-dome ; shuklco- 
teishi (出港 止). 

to lay an on a sJiip, fune 

III shukico-ieisiu v:o rnelziiru. 

Hosted by 



[ 274 ] 


Embark, t.v. noH-komase-im ; 7iose- 
ra ; josen (乘 船) sase-ru ; tdsai 
(搭載) s. 

Embark, i.v. fune ni nori-konni ; 
josen s ; fune ni noru. 

Embarkation, n. josen ; tdsai ; 
nori-komu koto. 

Embarrass, t.v. komarase'ru ; お- 
walcu (當 ま) sase-ru ; magotsukase- 
m ; meiwakK (迷 ,惑 • sase-ru ; (hinder) 
jama s ; samatage-ru ; bogai (妨害) s. 

to be ed, komaru ; towaku s ; 

jama sare'ru ; samatagerare-ru ; 
• /co/ifc ダ な/ CM (困 油) s ; bogai sare-ru ; 
(in one's afEairs) wadzurawasare-ru. 

to feel ed, Jcokorodzukai ico 

s ; wa]]cimari ga warulcu nam, 
Embarrassment, n. (confusion) 
konzatsu ia^W) ; motsure ; (perplexi- 
ty) magotsuki ; konkyaJcu ; meiwaku ; 

Embassy, n. (mission) shisetsu (使 

節) ; (buikling) taishikwan (大使館). 
Embed, t.v. ume'ru. 

Embedded, p.p. to be , umam 


Bmbellisli, t.v, kazaru ; sbshoku (ft 
ff^) .9 ; shushoku (修飾) s ; (of writ- 
ing) hwishoku (文 flti) s. 

JEmbellisliment, n. (act of) eqniv. 
of Embellisli toll, by koto ; (of 
writing) Imnshoku ; (ornament) 
kamri ; soshoku ; shilshoku. 
literary s, hunshoku. 

Ember-days, n. seishoku-anshu- 
setsu (聖き 按手 節). 

JEmber-gOOSe, n. (great northern 
diver) o-abi. 

Einl>ers, n. moe-sashi ; taki-otoshi ; 

Embezzle, t.v. tsukai-komu ; setsu- 
yd (窃 Ul) s ; shisho (私 消) s. 

Embezzle, i.v. hiki-oi wo s. 

Embezzlement, n. tsukai-komi ; 
shisho ; (crime of) itakukin-hishozai 
[委托 金 費消 罪]; (fraudulent appro- 
Tariation) kanshulo (監守 盜); (or 
goodK) ifakuhin-hishd ; (of money) 

Embezzler, n. kanshutd-sha (監守 
; itaJciikin-hishdsha (委托 金 g 

消 者). 

Emblazon, t.v. (in heraldry) mon-in 

(^^P) kazaru. 
Emblazonry, n. mon-in no Icazarl. 

Emblem, n. shirushi ; kigo (記 號) ; 
hydsho (標窣 ) ; hym (標記). 

Emblematical, a, kigo no ; (of, 
7io) shirushi ni nam. 

Emblematically, adv. Jcigd de ; 
hydki de. 

Embodiment, n. (act of) gaital (合 
鉢); 17ap!)eM 合併 )- 

Eml>ody, t.v. (form into a body) 
gattai s ; gappei s. 
to opinions (in a docu- 

ment), mikomi wo kaici-tate-ru ; 
iken wo arawasu, or hyoji (表 不) s. 

JEiiiboldeu, t.T. ni/yfiki (勇 氣) wo 
tsuke ru ; ni/chikara u'O tsuke'ru ; 
wojkobu (鼓舞) s. 

to be ed, kijobu (氣 丈夫) ni 


Eiiibonpoint, n. Udai (肥大); hi- 
man (肥滿 )• 

Emboss, t.v. uki-bori s ; wojuchi- 

dashi ni s. 
JEiiibossmeht, n. uki-hori ; uki-age- 


Embrace, t.v. (clasp) daku ; idaku ; 
daki-shime'ru ; (comprise) hokwatsu 
括) s ; kalcomu. 

to an opportunity, kikwai 

ni joji-ru; kd-Icikimi (好機 會) v-' ひ 

Embrace, n. (Idss) seppun は Ml). 
Embrasure, n. hdmon (石& 門). 
Embrocation, n. arai-gusuri ; 

nuri-gusuri ; tosatsuzai (塗擦 劑 )• 
Embroider, t.v. nuihaku s; 

kazaru ; nuitoru ; shishii {MM) s' 
ed, nui wo shite aru ; nuihaku 


Embroicle rer, tu nuihaku-shi ; nul- 
hakuya ; nuihakusha. 

Hosted by GOOQle 

- , 了 》^"?*、 マ ハ: > ^,にて j"^,' つ f , 〜マ -- 、 、-— • ぼ •■ I II や 丫 


[ 275 ] 


Embroidery, n. (thing embroider- 
ed) nuihaku ; (the art) nui-tori ; shi- 
shU (剌綢 )• 

Embroil, t.v. gocha-gocha ni s; 
midasu ; konran (?^ "|L) sase-ru ; 
kakuran (擾亂 ) s ; no/naka wo warn- 
leu sase-ru ; no a Ida niJf unrji (^議 ) 
wo okosase-ru. 

Embroilment, n. sasM-moisure ; 
konran ; kakuran ; gota-gota ; (act 
of) equiv. of Embroil foil, by koto. 

Embryo, n. (physiology) taishi (胎 
ナ) ; taiji (胎完 ) ; harami-go. 

Embryology, n. taiseigaku (胎生 

Emend, t.v. tadasu ; kaisei (改正) ,s' ; 
slmsei (fif £) 5 ; teisei (訂正) s; seigo 
(正 1^) s ; nilsli'usei wo ku 鶴 e'ru. 

Emendation, n. seigo ; kaisei ; 
teisei (訂正). 

Emerald, n. * ; ryokugyoku (綠 玉). 

Emerg'e, i.v agam : de-ru ; araware- 

Einerg^eiicy, n. jlhen (事 戀) ; kyii- 
りひ; kyuhen (急 變); ァ wr^/o (ィ; 慮) no 
koto ; igicai (意 夕ト) no koto ; kinkyu 
(繁 急) wo た o《o. 

fund (reserve), yohl-Jcin (豫 p 

' 金). 

measures, rinU (お宮 機) no 

shochi {ME)' 

• ordinance, hinkyu-chokurei 
(緊急 勅令). ' 

on an , masaka no ioki ica ; 

moshi mo no told wa ; koto aru hi 
ni wa ; iza Kamakura to iu toki ni 

public fund set apart for 

relief ot sufferers by earth- 
quakes, etc., hikwo-chochikukin 
(備范 貯蓄 金). 

to prepare for possible ies, 

man-ichi no hen ni sonae-ru. 

Emery-cloth, n. mafu (磨 弗). 

Emery-paper, n. mashi (麿 紙); 

Emery-powder, n. kongdsha (金剛 
砂). 一 
Emetic, n. haki-gusuri ; tozal (吐 劑). 

Emigrant, n. ij な min (移住 民); iju- 
w され (移住 人); お れんれ (移民); de-kasegi- 

s. ijumin ; imln. 

Emigrate, i.y. ijii s、 

Emigration, n. ijii. 

agent, iinm-foriatsukalmn. 

Eminence, n. (a height) kdsho (高 
所) ; takami ; (of persons, etc.) ken- 
tatsu (顯 達) ; kd'i ; eiyo (榮譽 ) ; kenyd 
(顯 要). ' 
i^mmeut, a. sugureta ; takuetsu (卓 
越) shita ; nukindeta ; (of persons 
only) shiislmn (秀 俊) na ; kbmei (高 
名) 7ia ; sugureta ; bakkun na ; (of 
rank) koi (高 f ケ) no ; kenyd (顯 要) 
na ; haisugun (後 群) na. 

to be , sugure-Tii ; tachl-koe- 

ru ; hiide-ru ; nuJcinde'ru. 

Eminent domain, riprht of , 

tochi-shuydken (土地 收用灌 )• 

JbJminently, adv. mottomo ; sugurete ; 
imdete ; tachi-Jcoete ; tachl-rmasatte. 

Emissary, n. shisha (使^); (secret) 
misshi (密使); (special) tokushi [!^ 
使); (spy) inawashi-mono ; Jcancho 
(間 牒). 

Emission, n. hassha (f^^) ; has- 
shutsu (發 出); hassha ; (of bank 
notes, etc.) hakkd (錢 行) • 

nocturnal , mdzo (妄想) wo 

miru koto ; isei (遺精). 

to have an , sei (精) wo 


Emit, t.v. kara] or yori]de-ru ; hana- 
tsu ; hassliutsu (J 复 s ; (put in cir- 
culation) hakkd (^ff) s ; (of a vol- 
cano, etc.) fuki-dam ; funshutsu (噴 
出) s. 

Emmenagogue, n. tsukeiyaku (通 
經藥 ), ' 

Emollient, n. chintsuyaku (鎭痛 
藥); chintsuzai (鎭 痛齊 J). 

Emoluments, n. (of an office) hd- 
kyu (俸給) ; h—osMi (報酬) ; kyuryo (給 
料); (of gain) dcM 益); r おん i (利益). 

Emotion, n. kokoro no ugoki ; jo 
(情); kanjo (惑 It); kando 、惑 動); 
(pbil め' dc/io (情緒), 
the seven s, shichijo (七 情). 

.» —,- -CJ 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 276 3 


Emotional, a. kavji-yasui ; kandd- 
shiyasui ; (causing emotion) kokoro 
wo ugokasaseru ; kando saseru yd na. 

Empale, t.v. hari-tsuke ni s. 

Emperor, n. Kwotei (皇帝) ; Tei 
(帝) ; (of Japan) Tenshi (大チ ). 

the Japanese , Tenno (天 

皇) ; Tenshi Saraa ; Mikado [obs.] ; 
Kinri Sama [obs.] ; Dairi [obs.]. 

H. M. the , (of Japan) Ten- 

nd-Heika (天皇 陛 F); (of other 
countries) Kwotei- Heika (皇帝 陛 

the Dai go II, Go-Da igo-te L 

the late , sentei (先制. 

Emphasis, n. tsuyomi ; (of rhetoric) 
gosei (語勢) ; hunsei (文勢). 

to speak with , Jcofoha ni 

chikara wo ire-ru, or tsuyomi wo 

Emphatic, a. ildol 琴 no aru ; 
kitto shita ; chikara wo Ireta ; tsuyo- 

Emphatically, adv. kitto (屹 》t) 
shite ; tsuyoku ; chikara wo irete ; 
danzen (斷然 ) ; kippari. ^ 
to declare , dangen (斷 百) s. 

Emphyteusis, n. ei-kosakuken (永 
小作 權) [Civ. Co.]. 

Empliyteuticary, n. ei-kosahu- 
nin [Civ. Co.]. 

Empire, n. (a country governed by 
an Emperor) teikoku (帝 國); (terri- 
tory) rybclii (領地) ; kwankatsiichi 
(管轄 地). 

Empiric, n. yabu-isha. 

Empirical, a. (philosopli,) kelken- 
teki (經驗 的) れ 0. 

JEmpirically, adv. keikenteki ni. 

Empiricism, n. (philosopli.) keiken- 
setsu (經驗 說). 

Employ, t.v. (use) isukau ; mochii' 
ru ; riyd (利用) s ; shiyd (使 ttJ) s ; 
shield (使役) s ; (use as a servant) 
yatou ; kakae-ru ; mesJii-tsit.kau ; 
mesh i-ka kae-ru. 

to one's self on, niljuil (從 

事) s. 

Employ, n. coolie in one's regular 

, joyo-ninsoku (常用 人足). 

to be in the of, nilyato は are- * 

te oru. 

Employe, n. yatoinin ; (in shop, 
etc.) hokdnin ; yatoibito. 
foreign , yatoi-gwaikokujin. 

Employer, n. (master) sJmjln (主 
人 ) ; danna ; (hirer) yatoi-mishi ; 

and employed, yosha to ki- 

yosha (被傭者). 

Employment, n. (act of) equiv. of 
Employ foil, by koto ; (in factories, 
etc.) shield (使役); (occupation) 
shigoto ; shoJcugyd (職業) ; jigyd (事 
(業'); ヌ Trm (事務); shokuhun (職分); 
(trade) kagyo (家業) ; shohai (|蜀寶). 

to be in tne oi, nijtsukae- 

ru ; nilyatowarete oru. 
to be in the of the gov- 
ernment, seifu (政府) ni hoshoku 
(奉微 ) shite oru. 

to "be out of , hima de oru ; 

asonde oru. 

to find , icd]Jcuchl ga metsuka- 


to look, out for 5 kuchi wo 


Empower, t.v. ni/ken u'o atae-ru, or 
yudane-ru, or motase-ru. 

to be ed, ken (權) wo ukete 

oru, or sadzukatte oru. 

Empress, n. Nyokwo ; Jo た 女皇) ; 
(in her own right) Nyotei tjc も) [but 
the Japanese formerly gave the title 
Kwotei (皇帝) or Tenno (天皇) to their 
female sovereigns also] ; (by mar- 
riage) Kwbgb r 皇后) ; Kwbgb sama ; 

Dowager, Kwotai-lcioocjo (皇 

太 皇后). 

Empties, n. kara ; (bottles) akibin. 

Emptiness, n. karappd : kiikyo (空 
虛) ; ku nam koto. 

to have a feeling of in the 

stomach, hara ga karappd de aru. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


Empty, a. kara no ; (fig.) hu (ま) 
no ; kyo (虛) no ; kukyo no ; (vain) 
mud a no ; muko (無効) na. 

is often expr. by aid or kara 

compounded with the noun ; as, 

bottle, aki-hin ; "box, 

akl-hako ; house, aki-ya ; 

palanquin, kara-kago ; 

rikisha, kara-gunima ; 

room, aJd-ma ; shop, aki- 


stomach , suki-hara ; hufulcu 


talk, muda-bcmashi ; kudan 

(空談); /can お >i( 間 談). 

to be , aite oru ; kara de aru ; 

(of the stomach) suku. 

to be partly , suite oru. 

Empty, t.v. ajce-ru ; ico/kara ni s ; 
(a box) nolnaka no mono wo dasu. 

E mpt y-lian d e d , adv. tebura de ; 
Slide de ; kara-te de. 
to return , kara-te de kaeru. 

Empty-beaded, a. sMsd (思想) ni 
tohoshii ; mii-kangae no. 

Empty- hearted, a. raujb (無情) 
na ; nasake no nai. 

Emulate, t.v. (imitate) manahu ; 
mane-ru ; mi-narau ; (vie with) to I 
nari-aiL ; tojkisou ; to/kydso s. 

Emulation, n. (rivalry) kyoso ; 
hari-ai ; kisol. 

spirit of , kydsdshin (ft 爭 i 亡、). 

Enable, t.v. deJdru yd (植り ni shite 

to be ed, dekiru yd ni nam ; 

[or, instead of dekiru the intransi- 
tive form of the verb]. 

Enact, t.v. tate-ru ; sadame-ru ; moke- 
ru ; seitei (制定) s. 

Enactment, n. oklte ; hovei (法令); 
hbritsu (法律); (act of) equiv. of 
Enact foil, by koto. 

Enamel, n. sUppd (七 寶); shlppd- 
yaki ; (black, of teeth) o liaguro ; 
(inside a copper vessel) shiromi ; (of 
porcelain) yaki-tsuke ; (materials for 
enamelling porcelain j yakimono- 
gusuri ; (of teeth) hord {i^M) ; horo- 

Enamel, t.v. yakitsuke'ru ; nilkusuri 
u'o isuke-ru ; (of metal) horo (f 法银 U) 
ICO yaJdisuke-ru. 

Enamelled, saucepan, horo- 


Enamelling', n. (act of) equiv. of 
Enamel foil, by Icoto. 

Enamoured, to be of, nij 

hore-rit ; rd/remho (戀 慕) s ; woj 
koi-shitau ; nilrenchalcu (戀曹 ) s. 

to become of (at first sight), 


Encamp, i.v. jin (陣 ), ovjin-ei (陣; 鑒), 
wo haru ; gun-ei (軍 營) wo ham ; 
jindoru ; chilel (駐營 ) s. 

Encampment, n. jinsho (陣 所); 
jin-ei ; gun-ei ; ya-ei 

Enceinte, n. (in fortiflcation) ijd 
(圍繞 ) ; ikwaku (園 郭). 

! Enceinte, a. to be , kiminin 

(懷 娘) shite oru ; harande oru ; kwai- 
tai (1^月合).*>'み《な oru ; mi-gomotte oru ; 
ninshin (妊娠) shite oru ; mimochi de 

Eiicliaiit, t.v. mahd (魔法) cZe mayo- 
wase'ni ; ydjutsu (妖^) de mayowa- 
su ; (charm) nayamasu ; nbsaisu (fg 
殺) s. ' 

to he ed, (highly pleas- 
ed) kwdkotsu (恍' HsO to shite oru ; 
(much attracted) (with., 7ii) mi- 
tore'ru ; ki (氮) wo torare-ru ; tmna- 
shii wo ubaicar^e-ru. 

Enchanter, n. maho-tsukai. 

Enclianting*, a. (of a man) horebore 

sum ; (of a woman) nayamaseru ; 

liorebore sum. 

Encliantmeiit, n. (magic) mahd ; 

(蹵 法) ; y き tsu (妖術). 

Enchase, t.v. (technical) chlrihame* 

EiicirclCj t.v. iori-maku ; meguram ; 
kakomu ; ijd (圍繞 ) s ; (go' round) 
meguru ; (with the arms) dalcu. 

Enclose, t.v. kakomu ; megumsu ; 
kakoi-komu ; (fence in) kaki de tori- 
kakomu ; (in a letter) fuji-komu ; fil- 
nyn (封入) s. 

[ 277 ] 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 

[ 278 ] 


Enclosure, n. (in a letter) hesshi (glj 
^) ; funyusho (封 人 書); (place en- 
clostd) kakoi ; kdnai (搆 内); kakoi- 
chi ; kamae. 

within the , kdnai (構 內) ni ; 

(of a temple) keldai (境内 j ni. 

Encore, n. 气 

Encore, t.v. (a speech) mkn (^^iljj) 
wo unagasu. 

Encounter, n. (fight) shototsu (衝 
突) ; sentb (戰鬪 ) ; shbsen (衝 戦). 

Encounter, t.v. (danger) nilsogu 
(遭遇) s ; (in battle) tojiatakau ; (in 
opposition) ni/de-au ; nijimkau ; 
(meet) nijau ; ni/de-au. 

KilCOUrag"e, t.v. (a person) nijchi- 
kara wo tsuke-ru ; no/Jci wo huci-tate- 
rw, or hittaie-ru ; haqemasu ; shorei 
(獎勵 ) s ; shoyd mm) s ; (foster) yb- 
ser (養成) s ; (promote trade, etc.) 
shorei s. 

to in , ni wo susu- 


to Tbe d, fci (氣) (1(1 hittatsu. 

to be d by, ni/rMImra ico 


Encouraging*, a. (inspiriting) ki 
ICO hitiaieru yd na ; hagemi ni nam. 

Encouraging'! y, adv. M wo hittate- 
ru yd ni ; hagemasu yo nl-; hagemi ni 
nam yo ni. 

Eiieouragemeii t, n. shorei ; shd- 
yd ; (act of) equiv. of Encourage 
toll, by koto ; (reward) hdsho (褒賞). 

regulation for the of ship- 

"buildingr, zdsen-shdrel-Jdsoku (造 
船獎勵 規則). 

Eiicroacli, i.v. to on, (in- 

fringe) okasu ; ubau ; shingai (侵 
害) s ; (land) tori-ire-ru ; nijlaxi- 
komu ; wo/sanshoJcu 食) s ; wo/ 
oryb (押, m) s. 

Eiici'oaclimeiit, n. sanshoku ; o- 
ryd ; and equiv. of Encroach, foil, 
by koto ; (infringement) shingai. 

Encumber, t.v. (a person) no I jama 
wo s ; wolsamatage-ru ; (a place) 

Encumbrance, n. koshb (故障) ; 
samatage ; jamaniono ; yakkai-^ono ; 
shoqai (障害) ; sasawari ; (act of) 
equiv. of Encumber foil, by koto. 

Encyclopaedia, n. qakurUsu-ruiten 
(學律 傾 典); hyakkwa-jirui (@ "科 字 
類) ; hyakkica-zensho ( 白 科 全-由), 
a walking" , iki-jibiki. 

fcnd, n. owari ; shimai ; sue ; hashi ; 
saJci ; (conclusion) shukyoJcu {^W}) I 
(death) saigo (最後); (ot: a piece of 
cloth, or of thread) hashi ; (of a stick) 
said ; (of a street) hadzure ; haji ; 
(object) me-ate ; mokuteJd (目 6 セ); 
mokuromi ; medo ; (of time) sue. 

at the (used as an adj.), haj'i 

no hd ゆ、 no. 

cigar, or cigarette, , sui- 

(jara. - 

-.… of the month, tsuldzue ; 

getsumatsu ( 月 末). 

• of the world, sue no yo; 

basse (末世) ; sekal no owari. 

of the year, toshi no kure ; 

nemmatsu (年^). 

he will come to a "bad , it 

shini-yd wa shinai. 

in the , (finally) tsui ni ; 

tdtd ; tsumari ; (after all) shosen 

it ]s impossible to say what 

the of this will "be, kono 

sue wa do nam ka dbmo shirenai. 

many days on , nan nicM 

mo tsudzuite. 

one , katappashi. 

one's hair stands on , kami 

no ke ga yodatsu ; sbkedatsu. 

there is no to, nilhateshi ga 

nai ; nillciri ga nai. 

there's no knowing" where it 

will , sono teisJii (底 it) 請、" 

tojcoro wa shirenai. 

to come to an , sv.e ni nam ; 

shimai ni nm^u. 

to go to the of a street, 

machi no hadzure made iku ; (if 
another rims at right angles) 

to no , muda ni. 

to the that, tame ni ; yd ni. 

End, i.v. owaru ; shimai ni nam ; 
(cease) yamu ; (conclude) sumu ; (of 
a performance) hane-ru ; (of an affair) 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 279 ] 


ioa]kata ga tsuku ; rakuchaku (落着) 
.9 ; Icetsuryo (結了 j .<? ; (of the year) 

to in (of grammatical forms), 


JK^nd, t.v. shimau ; shukeisa (終結) s ; 
sliuryo (終了) s; ketsw-yo ま 了 j s ; 
(arrange) no/kata tjo tsuke-ru ; (cease) 
yame ru ; oe-ru ; (conclude) 
n レ 

Kndangfer, t.v. mjauku s ; Jdlcea (危 
險) ni s ; ni/Jciken wo oyohom ; nilki- 
gai (危害) wo kuioae-ru. 

to be d, ayauhu naru ; Idkm 

III naru. 

to life, Inochl nl kakaru. 

to property, shinshd ( J Ji) 

ni kakaicani. 

Kiidear, t.v. to one's self, 

expr. by chba't. (寵愛) sare-ru, the 
passive form. 

Endeavour, n. hone-ori ; j'mryoku 
(盡 力) ; (physical) doryoku (努力). 

to make every , liyappb jln- 

'ノま ひ" (百方 盡カ) ん ' 

Kiideavour, i.v. chikam wo U-uku- 
su ; hone wo oru ; jlnryohu ,9 ; tsuto- 

lie ed to reach a high 

position in his profession, ano 

hiio wa shokiigydjd (職業 上) yoi 
lehi (位地) ni nobord to jinryolcu 

to to ao (make a trial at), 

yatte mi'rii. 
Endemic, n.fadohyd (厥±: 病). 
Endless, a. (continual) kiH no ')mi ; 
kagwi no nai ; hodzu no nai ; saigen 
(際!!^) れ nai ; hateshi no nai ; eien 
(永遠) 稱 ; (without end) ou'ari no 

Endlessly, adv. kagirl naku ; Usu 
made mo ; owari luiJcu ; Imieshi naku ; 
saigen naku ; eien ni. 

Endlessness, n. eien ; and eqniv. of 
Endless foil, by koto. 

Eiiflorse, t.v. nijura-gald s ; (aa 
opinion) nilddl (同意) ico hyo (ま) s. 
to on, ni wo um- 

gakl s. 

Endorsement, n. ura-gald [Civ, 
Co.] ; (act of) ura-fjaJd suru koto ; (by 
affixing seal) okuin (奥印); (of an 
opinion) dot ico hydsiiru koto. 

in "blank, ryakusMM-um- 

gakl (略式) [CiY. Co.]. 

Endow, t.v (an institution) nllkifu 
(寄附) s ; (bestow) sadzuke-ru ; atae- 
ru ; kyuyo (給 與) s. 

to "be ed with, talent, chi- 

ryoku (智力) ga sonawatte oru. 

Endowment, n. (act of) kifu [Civ. 
Co.] ; kyuyo ; (money bestowed) kifu- 

policy of insurance, yard- 

hoken (養老 保 險). 

K 11 durable, a. to be , wd]ga- 

man (我' 隆) ijct deki-ru ; wa]shimbd 
(辛抱) gr" (:ム 3 たぶ ; taerare-ru ; korae- 

Endurance, n. (jaman ; shlmho 

nintai (忍 き). 
Endure, t.v. nilkotae-ru ; icolkorae- 
ru ;. shinogu ; shimbo (辛抱) s ; nil 
tae-ru ; icolqcmvm (我'!^) s ; tainin 
(耐 忍) s. ' 

cannot , ni/tamaranai. 

cannot the heat, atsusa ni 


Eudiiriiig*, a. niukyu (無 朽). }io ; 
滅 gamochi no sum. 

Endwise, adv. chokurUsa (直立) ni ; 
tate ni. 

Enema, n. kwanchbml (罈, 劑). 

to give an to, ni/Jc 観れ cho ,s'. 

Enemy, n. (in war) teJci (敵) ; (pri- 
vate) ada ; kaiaici ; shideki (雕 敵) ; 

the , teklgim (敵軍); teklhei 

(敵 兵). 

the ,s position, feJajui (敵 

to communicate secretly with 

the , naid (內應 ) s. 

to go over to rJae , ura-girl 

v:o s. 

! Energetic, a. kon (根) no yoi ; sei- 
shin (精神) no tsuyoi ; chikara no 
haiita ; fumpatsu (奮 鐘) shita ; Jci- 
ryoku no tsuyoi ; ikioi no ctru ; genkl 
(3t 氣) no yoi ; elJci (鋭 氣) no am. 

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E 冊 

Energetically, adY. fumpatsu shite ; 
genki yoku ; ikioi yoku ; kiryoku 
dzuyoku ; eiki atte ; Icon yoku ; fun- 
zen to. 

Energy, n. ikioi ; seiryoku ; klryolM 
(氣 力); Iconki (1^ 氣); fj^nki ; eiki ; 
(phys.) kwatsudd-ryoJcu (活動力). 

Enervate, t.v. yowaku s ;— suijaku 
(mM) sase-ru ; no I genki (元 氣) wo 

to Tbe d, yowaru ; suijaku s. 

Enervating", a. to be , yowaku 

s ; suijaku sase-ru ; genkl v:o sogu, 
or kujilcu. 
Enfilade, t.v. yoko kara uisu. 
Enforce, t.Y. shikd (施 ) s ; shikkd 
(執え?) s; tori-okonau ; jUclcd (實 行) 
,s' ; jisshi (實 施) s. ― 

to strictly, reik'd (勸 i "丁) ん 

Enforcement, n. shikd ; jlkko ; 
jisshi ; shikko ; tori-okonai. 
strict , veiled. 

EiifranebivSe, t.v. nl/senkyoken (選 

^j^) wo afae-ru. 
Engage, t.v. (attention) cJmi (注意) 

wo hiku ; (distinguished persons) Jiei 

(聘) s ; (hire) yatou ; yatol-ire-ru ; 


is d, (of an artiste) wa]kuchi 

r/a kakafte i-ru ; (of an actor) icd] 
yakujo-zumi ni natte oru. 
they are d in the prepara- 
tions, jwnhichu (準備中) am. 

to "be d, (busy) tori-konde oru ; 

ie ga fusagatte i-ru ; yb (^) ga aru ; 
(promised in marriage) icajii-nadzu- 
ke ga aru. 

to be d (and unable to see a 

visitor), sashi-tsukaete oru. 

•to "be ...d in (a pursuit), ni jj ilji 

(從 事) shUe. oru. 

to be d with (occupied vdih), 

* nilkakatie oru. 

to an enemy, feki to tata- 


Eng'ag'e, i.v. (embark in) ni)kakaru ; 
(pledge) uke-au ; hiki-uke-ru. 

to in (an occupation), ni/ 

jifji (從 事) s. 

to to, future foil, by yakxi- 

soku (糸 勺 束), or yaku, s. 

Engagement, n. (agreement) yaku- 
jd (約 條) ; yakusoku て 約束) ; keiyaku 
(契 糸 勺) ; (battle) kassen (合 戰); kosen 
(交 戰) ; sens5 (戰爭 ) ; tataJcal ; (of 
seamen) yatoi-ire [Com. Co.] ; (pro- 
mise of marriage) ii-nadzuke ; kek- 
kon-yakujd (結婚 約定). 

a prior , senyaku (先約) ; 

(preventing one from doing some- 
thing suggested) sashi-tsukae. 

termination of , kctiyo 

慵 )• 

Eng'agiiig", a. (winning) aihyd (愛 
敬) no aru ; niJcuge no nai. 

Eng'agingiiess, n. aikyo. 

Engender, t.v. hlH-okosu ; okosu ; 
shoji-ru ; kamosu. 

to toe ed, okoru ; i じ o~\shdji'ra. 

Engine, n. (steam) klkai (機械) ; 
Jcikimn (機 關). 一 

condensing" , gydshuku-kiJd 

(凝縮 機 )• 

donkey …-. , み ゆ-/ ま M 補助 器 機). 

fire , shokwa-ki {fS'K^)- 

hydraulic , adsui-kikman (導 

機 關). 

locomotive idkwansiia (機 

闘 車). 

to stop the s, xmten i^M) 

wo tome-ru. 

E u g'i lie- (lriv<»r, n. klkwamhu (機 
關 手-) 

Engine-house, n. kikwan-gura. 

En gioeer, n. (military) kohei (ェ 
兵) ; (of a factory, etc.) gishi (技 士) ; 
(of a ship) kikwanshi (P 關 七). _ 

chief (of a ship), kikwancho 

(機關 長). 

civil , dobokushi (土 水 (!市) ; 

kdgakushi (X'^-h). • 

corps of artillery and s, 

hokb'heidan (砲 工兵 圑). 

corps of s, koheidan. 

electrical , denki-Jwgakushi 

(電' 氣ェ學 士). ' 
Ea g'iiieeriiig*, n. (occupation of) 

kdgyd (工業) ; (science of) kdgaku (X 

學 j ; dohoJmjutsu (土木 術 i. 

electrical , denld-koqaku (H 

氣ェ學 )• 

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[ 281 ] 


■ hydraulic , chisid-kdgaku (、冶 

水 ェ學) • ' 
mechanical , Jdkai-kdgaku 

(機械工 '一,). ' 
military , kohet リ aku ( i 二 タミ 

學), ' 

mining , sailaco-hrx/aku {fj^ 

鑛 ェ 學). 

Euffilie-rooill, u. kikivanshltsu (嵐 
ぼ 室). 

Englancl, n. Igirisu ; EikoJm (—^^國). 
Eaglisli, a. Eihoku no ; Igirisu no ; 
M no. 

…… language, Eigo (ti^ 語). 

newspaper, Eiji-snimlmn (英 

字 新聞). 

written in , Elbun (英文) ? 

Eng'lisli, n. (type) [corresponds in 
size to Japanese type shigo (四 

Englisliman, n. Eikolmjin (英國 

人) ; E;jin (爽 人). 

Engrave, t.v. horu ; kizamu ; c/io- 

koku (彫刻) s ; (fig. on one's memory) 

mei (銘 5 s. 
Engraver, n. (on blocks) hanglya ; 

chdkolcushi (彫 亥 Ij 师) ; (on metal) hori- 

mono-shi ; chokokusfu. 

seal ......, imban-shi ( 印 列 師). 

Engraving*, n. (act of) eqniv. of 
Engrave foil, by koto ; (on copper) 
dob an ; (on wood) mokuban (木 

){^) ; (on stone) seJcihan (石版). 

wood , mokubcm-e (木! {I^H). 

Kugrossecl, a. to be in, nij 

kori-katamaru ; tppo (一方) nl ha- 
maru ; ni/issh'm (一 萬) nl nam ; 
100 1 is shin-far an (不 乱) vi s ; nif 
kokoro ICO torarete oru. 

Eug'Ulf, t.v. maki-komn . 

Enliaoce, t.v. (of crime) omoku s ; 
(of qualities, pleasure, etc.) masu ; 
laacae-ru ; (of value, price) takame- 
ru ; age ru ; masu. 

Enigma, n. nazo ; ingo (隱 語). 
Enigmatical, a. aimai (暖 妹) no ; 
fumei (不明)? ; honyari shit ひ. 

Enigmatica) ly, adv. aimed nl ; 
fumei ni ; bonym^i to. 

Enjoin, t.T. ni/meijl'ru ; ru'moshj- 
tmke-im ; nil'd-tsxike-ru. 

Enjoy, t.T. tanoshimv ; (a privilege) 

ゆ y な (享有) 

how did you your din- 

ner ? shokvjl (食事) u'f! ikaga 
deshita ka ? 

I have greatly. ed myself 

(said to one's host), okl ni (/o chiso 

(馳走) 7iarimashUa. 

I hope you will yourself, 

tanostiimi I ' 

Enjoyable, a. tanoshU ; yuh icai ('【 俞 
na ; hoyo (保養) ni nam. 

JUinjoyment, n. tanosJdmi ; nagu- 
sami ; hoyd (保養); kwalmku [^^) ; 
yukicai (愉快). ' 

Eiikiant liiis japonic us, ddda n. 

Enlarge, t.v. dJdku s ; hiroku s ; 
(a book) zoho (增 補) s ; (business, 
navy, etc.) Jacakucho (まま) s ; (of 
land or houses) hiroge-ru ; (of the 
mind, heart) hiroku s ; kaikurdsu (開 
濶) ni s. 

! Enlarg e, i.v. oHku nam ; Mromaru ; 
f id Omar u. 

to upon, iDo/kuicas-hilcu iu ; 

ico/chocho iu ; wo I MM-nobam. 

Enlargement, n. (act of) eqniv. of 
Enlarge foil, by koto ; (of a book) 
zoho ; (of a pilot ograph) hikl-nohe ; 
(of business, etc.) kicakucho ; (of the 
mind, heart) kaikwatsu ; (state of) 
oleum naru koto ; hiroku nam koto. 

of the heart, sh'mzo (心臓) 

no hochd (膨張). 

Enligiiten, t.v. (inform) satosu ; 
oshiete yarn ; (of the mind) wa] 
hiraku ; (with, increase of knowledge) 
kybkwa i 教化) kalJcwa (開化) s ; 
kaihaisu (開,) 凌) s. 

Enligiltenecl, a. hiraketa ; bummd 
(文 liB) no ; Jnmku'a (文化) sh'vtci. 

Eiiligiiteiimeiit, n. Innnmel (文 
明); Jcalhatsu (開 發). 

Enlist, t.v. tsxmoru ; kakae-ire-ru ; 
hoshft (慕 集) s; chobo (徵 募) s; (fig" 
another's aid) kari-ra ; (secure the 
aid of) ni/satan (左 担 j sase-vu ; ni! 
kata wo iresase-ru. 

Enlistment, n. e(juiv. of Enlist 
foil, by koto. 

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[ 282 ] 

Enliven, t.v. sakan ni s ; ni/ikioi wo 
tsvke-ru ; (make cheerful) ico/kwai- 
kalsu (• ^活) ni s ; nojki (氣) ico hiki- 
tate-ru ; ni/rjenki wo tsuTce つ, u ; nojlci 
wo harasase-ru. 

Enmity, n. u'rami ; ikon (遺恨) ; 
ieki-i (敵意) ; mkon (怨恨). 

to "be at with, tolfu-wa (不 

和) de oru. 

Ennoble, t.v. (dignify) tattoku s ; 
(raise to nobility) kizoku (貴] 5 笑) ni s, 
or ressuru ; nllshaku (|f ) v:o sadzuke- 
ru ; ni/jushaku (gH) s. 

Ennobleineiit, n. jushaku ; eqniv. 
of Ennoble foil, by koto. 

Enmii, n. taikutsu {MM) '> tmrc- 
dzure ; tozen (徒然) ; Imryd (無期 

Enormity, n. (atrocity) dalzai (大 
罪) ; kydaku (凶 舉) ; gokuaku (極 惡); 
(state or being immoderate) Jc 而 do 
(過 t); んひ 5 (非常); み 5 ひ 鶴 《(法外). 

JlillormoilS, a. osoroshiku old na ; 
kyodai (巨大) no ; hakudai (莫大) na ; 
meppo bkii ; saidai (最大 i na ; (of 
crime) gokuaku (極, 惡) no. 

Jj]ilormously, adv. osovoshiku ; hijd 
(梦讧 常) ni ; kctkugwai (格 夕 卜) rd ; hana- 
hadashiku ; kyoam ni ; mekkm,. 

Enoug'h, a. takumn (>7 畢山) na ; juhim 

(t 分) 艱. 

...... is also expr. by -huri ; as, 

for two days, f idsuka-huri. 

for one man, ichinin (一人) 

mae no ; ichinin-hun (一入 分) no. 
of that (excl.), md ! sore ica 

a ! 

of that, let us go on to 

the next case, modzu sore v:o 

yoshi to shite, isugi no kuchi wo 


to Tbe , tari'ru. 

Jlinoilg'li, adv. jfibun ni ; takusan ni. 

and to spare, an-amani 

hodo talcusan. 

light to float, ukabu hodo 


to strike hard to smash. 

the gate, mon v:o koicam hodo 

well (tolerably well), Jcanari 


Enquire, t. Inquire. 

Enrage, t.v. rlppuku (立腹) sase-'ru ; 
okorase'ru ; ni/hara wo tatase-ru ; 
ikarase-ru ; geki (激) sase-ru. 

to be d, wa]hara ga tatsu ; 

rippuku (立腹) .9 ; okoru. 

Enrapture, t.v. to be d, kl wo 

uhaware-ru ; vciioten (有 項 天) ni 

Enrich, t.v. (fertilize) Icoyasu ; (make 
rich) kam-mochi ni s ; tomase-ru ; 
yutaka ni s ; (ornament) kazaru. 

Enroll, t.v. iiieibo {^^^) ni nose-ru ; 
. haki-nose-ru ; tbroku (登 錄) s ; tblci 

(登記) s; tbho [^m) s. 

Enrolment, n. tbroku ; tbki ; tbho ; 
and equiv. of Enroll foil, by koto ; 
(of troops) nyidai (人隊 )• 

Ell route, tochu (途中) ?". 
to be , tochu de aru. 

Ensemble, n. zemhu (全-部) ; .s-dtal 

Enslirilie, t.v. (preserve carefully) 
hizo (秘、 藏) s ; (put into a shrine) 
and" (^{^; s ; matsuru. 

Ensign, n. (flag) hata : (officer) Jdshu 
(1^ 丰 ) 5 hata-mochi. 

Enslave, t.v. dorel (奴 識) ni s. 

Ensnare, t.v. rdraku (籠絡) s. 

Ensue, i.Y. tsudzuhu ; okoru. 

to from, nojkeJckica io shite 


Ensuing*, a. tsu リ i no. 

year, alcvru toshi ; yokunen 


Entangle, t.v. motsuresase-ra ; ko- 

Eiitaug*led, i.v. to be , motsu- 

re-ru ; kogoru ; Jcogurakaru ; musu- 
bore-ru ; (with a person) hodasare- 

Entente, n. kybsho (1^ 商); dalcyo 

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[ 283 ] 


JSnrer, t.v. nijhairu ; mliacni-iru ; nij 
Icuwawaru ; nijka-nyit (力 n 人) s ; (a 
protest) moshi-Jcomu ; moshi-tate-ru ; 
(by force) ni/oshi-iru ; nljoshi-komu ; 
(in account-book) tsuke'ru ; (set clown 
in writing) kaJci-komu ; kaki-nose-ru ; 
kaki-tome'ru ; kinyu (言已 入) s ; tdJci 
(登記) s. 

into (engage in), nijkaJ^aru ; 


into an agreement, yakujo 

(約定) s ; yakusoku (約束) s ; kei- 
yalcu (契約) s. 

to a port, nyuko (入港) s ; 

Idko (寄港) s. 

to a school, nyugaku (入 學) 

to a ship, nyuko no tetsu- 

dzuki ICO s. 

to the army, nyuei (Afl) s. 

to the navy, kaigmi (海軍) 

ni iru. 

to the priesxJiood, simhke 

(出家) ん 

Enter, i.v. to upon, nijtsuku. 

Enteric fever, n. c'7 まん;/ 霞. (陽 室 
扶斯 )• 

Enteritis, n. chdkinshd i^'ffjjiWl)- 

Enterprise, n. Jdgyo (起業) ; moku- 
romi ; (boldness) daitan (夫 膽). 

government , kwaagyb (官 


hazardous , hoken-jigyo (胃 

險 事業). 

private …… , mlagyo (民業). 
to enter on an , kigyo s. 

; Enterprising', a. kan-i (敢爲 ) na ; 
daitan (大瞻 ) れ a ; shinshu [MM] no ; 
kisho (^^) no aru. 

Entertain, t.v. (a complaint) juH 
(受理) s ; (a feeling) fukumu ; (amuse) 
tamshwiase ru ; imqiisame-rn ; (a pro- 
posal) uke-tsuke-ru ; torirmochii'ru ; 
saiyd (採 ffl) .s ; (a view) idabu ; (feast) 
kyo-d (饗應 ) s ; go chiso (御馳走) s ; 
mote-nasu ; kwantai (欽裤 ) s ; settai 
(接待) s ; (grant, as request) kiki-ire' 

Enter tai niu g*, a. omoshiroi ; tano- 
shii ; yorokohashii ; also (愛ネ 目) no 
yoi ; moienas'hi no yoL 

Entertaining^ly, adY. omoshirobu ; 
tanoshlku ; yorokobashiJai ; aiso 
yoku ; motenashi-hnri ni ; {laughably) 

Entertain men t, n. (act of enter- 
taining) mote-nashl ; (congratulatory) 
shvkuga-kwai i^^'^) ; (feast) en- 
kicai (宴 會); kyo-d ; f/o chiso. 

a succesful , seikicai (盛 會). 

evening* ノ, yafcwcd (夜き). 

ElltllUSiasui, n. ness-hin (熱, じ、) ; 
fampatsu (奮 發). 

Enthusiast, n. nesMnka (熱心 家). 

Enthusiastic, a. nesshin na ; fim- 
patsu (奮 錢) na. 

to be , fampatsu (奮 發) s. 

Eiithu.siastically, adv. nesshin (熱 
. 1 じ、) ni ; fuwpatsu (^|^) shite. 
over , nohosete. 

Entice, t.v. sasou ; ohiku ; Jdkl- 
komu ; imnau ; in-yu ( 弓 1 翻 s ; yu- 
icaku ぽ 惑) s. ' 

to a person to steal, hito 

ICO sosonokashite nusumase-rii. 

to away, (to one's own side) 

hikl-tsuke-ru ; inikata ni tsuke.'ni ; 
(as, an animal) tsuri-dasu. 

Enticement, n. equiv. of Entice 
foil, by koto. 

Enticing', a. (alluring) kl (氣) v:o 

that person has very 

manners, ano hito no yo.m wa 
jitsu ni yokute hito no Jci wo mayo- 

Enticingly, ady. mayovx は u yb ni ; 
izanatte ; obiite. 

Entire, a. soklcuri shifa ; juzen (ナ 全) 
na ; zentai (全 鉢) no ; in Chinese 
compounds sen- {^). 
to have control of, so- 

kwatsu (總、 括) s. 

the country, zenkoku (全 國). 

Entirely, adv. sokkuri ; marugoto '- 
maru de ; sappari ; juzen ni ; mat- 
taku ; zentai ni. 

not , manzam, foil, by the 

neg. of the verb. 

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; , • 

Entirety, n. ま i (全 鉢); soird 

Entitle, t.v. (give a claim to) ni 

kenri (fi 理) wo atae-ru ; (give a name 
to) nilna wo tsuke-ru ; ? nei?7iei (命名) 
s ; tojtOTme-ru. 
those d to receive an invi- 
tation, shbtai (招待) wo ukeru 
shikaku (资 格) no aru kata. 

to be d to, shikaku ga aru, 

or kenri ( 癯禾 ) wo yii (有) s preceded 
by the object to which one is 

Entity, n. gensomhutsur (現存 4 タ 刀). 

Entomological, a. konclmgaku (昆 
蟲舉) no. 

Entomologist, n. kondm-gakusha 

(昆 a 學 者). 

Entomology, n. konclmgaku (J^S 

學). ' 
Entr'acte, n. makuai (幕間) ; naka- 


Entrails, n. haraicata ; zdfu (臟 |ff) ; 
cho (腸). 

Entrance, n. (act of entering) hairu 
koto ; (door) genkwan (窣關 ) ; (door 
or gate) iri-kucni ; hairi-guchi ; io- 
guchi ; (of a gate) kado-guchi ; mon- 
fjucM ; (payment at a theatre, etc.) 
kido-sen ; (ditto, at an exhioition, 
etc.) nyyjbryd (入場料) ; (power of) 
hairu ywnishL 

examination (into a school), 

nyuga!m-shiken (入 學試驗 )• 

fee (for membership of a 

society), nyukwaikm (人 章 金). 

into office, shunin (就任) ; 

shushoku (就職), 
servants' , IcaUe-gucM. 

Entrance, t.v. uttori sase-ru. 
Entranced, i.v. to Tbe , kicd- 

kotsu (tT^'fe) to skUe oru ; idtori 

shite oru ; nilmitore-ru. 

Entrap, t.v. hakarigoto ni otoshi-ire- 
ru ; ohiki-komu ; otoshi-ire-ru. 

to be ped, hakarigoto ni ochi- 


Entreat, t.v. h oi-negau ; tam/wan (gc 
願) s ; konriican (懇願) •、' : konsei (悠 

m) s. 

Entreaty, n. tangwan {^^%) ; konsei 
(懇請) ; kongwan '(懇願) ; ko'i-negai. 

Entree, n. to have the oi a 

house, ie ni de-hairi wo yurusarete 
oru ; wdjucfii-ddyd (同 樣) ni s. 

Eiitrenclimeiit, n. hdrui (堡 量). . 

Entre iious, nainal (內 々)9^£; om- 
miisu (H 密) ni. 

Jiintrust, t.v. makase-ru ; itaku (委 
托) s ; inin s ; sliinnin (信 

s ; yudane-ru. 

Entry, n. (in a book) kisai (|E 戰) ; 
Id-nyu (記入) ; (in a register) tbroku 
(登 錄); tbki (登記); (of a ship into 
harbour) nyushin (人 津); nyuko (人 
港). ' 

fee (of a ship); nyiiko-iesuryo 

(入港 手数料). 

permit of (or immigrants), 

nyugoku-menjo (人國 免状 )• 

sb-ip's (tlie document), nyii- 

kd-shdmeisho (入港 證明 書). 

ship's fee, nyukokin (人 港 

金) ; nyukdryb (入港 树). 

to make an , tbroku (登 錄) s ; 

U-nyu (記 人) S. 

Enumerate, t.v. kazoe-tate'm ; 
chikuichi (逐一) ni iu ; (in order) jum- 
han (jlll^) ni hanasu ; rekkyo (歹 ij 擧) 
s ; narahe-tate-ru ; ichi-whi kazoe-ru. 

Enumeration, n. rekkyo (列き) ; 
and eqiiiv. of Enumerate foil, by 


Enunciate, t.y. (proclaim) hokoku 
(報告) s ; sengea (宣言) s •, il-furasu ; 
(pronounce clearly) hakkiri to iu ; 
meihaku (明白) ni iu ; akiraka ni in. 

Enunciation, n. (announcement) 
hokoku (報告); sengen (宣言) ; n- 
furashi ; (mode of utterance) hatsuin 
(ず! 昔) ; (act of) equiv. of Enunciate 
foil, by koto. 

Enyelop, t.Y. tsuisumu ; (as the air) 
tori-maku ; (hide) cni ; (snrround) hoi 
(包 園) s. 

to be ed in (as smoke), n り 


to in, de m 'tku. 

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[ 285 ] 


Envelope, n. (of a letter) jb-hukxiro ; 
shokan-bukuro ; filji-lmJcuro ; ffihi (ff 
皮); fido (封筒'); ffidzutsu 、封筒); 
[the last two only of Japanese enve- 
lopes] ; (outer coYering) inra-dzu- 

Enviable, a. umyamashll. 

Enviably, adv. urayamashlku. 

Enviableness, n. nrayamaskil koto. 

E】ivious, a. sonemi-hukal ; netami- 
hukai ; shiito-hiikm ; ioshin (妬, 亡、) no 

to be of, ico/urayamu ; ico/ 

urmjamashigaru ; (in bad sense) 
wo/sonemu ; wolnetamu. 

Enviously, adv. urayamlte ; ura- 
yande ; (bad) sonemiie ; sonende ; 
netarnite ; netande. 

Euviousness, n. urayamu koto ; 
(bad) netamu koto ; sonemu koto ; 
toshin (妬心) ; shitto (嫉 力石). 
Environ ment, n. kydgn. (境遇); 

shit (四 圍) noj5fc2/5 (狀2^^). 
Environs, n. kinjo (近所) ; Idmpen 
{jl£y&) I moyoi^i ; atari 

map of the of Tokyo, 

Tdkyd-kinko (東京 近郊) no dzu (圖 ). 
Envoy, n. (on special mission) ski- 
setsu (i^ 節) ; taishi ( A; 使). 

extraordinary and mini- 
ster plenipotentiary, toJcumel- 
zenken-koshi (特命 全灌 公使). 

Imperial , chokushi (余 力 使). 

peace s, kdica-shi (講 ifefe). 

Hinvy, n. sonemi ; shitto (嫉妬) ; neta- 
mi ; umyami ; saiJci (ま, き j ; toshin 
(妬' じ、). 

Envy, t.v. urayamu ; urayamashlku 
omoii ; (m bad sense) sonemu ; neta- 

Epaulet, n. kata-jirushi ; kenshb (屠 

Eplieniera, n. (day-fly) kagerd (餑 
螩). ' 

Epliemeral, a. ichiji (— B|) no ; 
zanji (暫^) no ; haJcanai ; moroi. 
life, hakmnei (薄命). 

Epliesiaiis, n. (epistle) Epeso-sho. 

Epicure, n. tahemom-dbraku (道 樂) ; 
Oishokka (H 食 家). 

Epidemic, n. ryukobyb (流行病) ; 
hay xri-yiinal ; eklbyb 病). 

Epidemic, a. ryukbsei (流 f5i 生) iw. 

Epidermis, n. Mjdhi (表皮) ; qwaihl 
(外皮). ' 

Epig^astric, a. uwahara (上 腹) no. 

JEpigram, n. suntetsu (寸鐵 ) no koto- 
ha ; kikel (奇警) na kotoha. 

Epilepsy, n. tenkan (癒 瘤 》 

JtCpileptic, n. tenkan-yami. 

Epileptic, a. to have an fit, 

tenkan (癒 瘤) wo okosu. 
Epimediiiin macrantliuiii, i- 


Epilogue, n. ketsuU (結尾) no rjo 
(語) ; (to a book) hatsuhun (跋文') ; 
hatsu. • 

Epipliany, n. gen-ihd-jiisu (現 異邦 

Episcopal, a. kantoku (監' 歸) no. 

Episcopalian, a s, Kantoku-ha 

(監督 派). 

churcli, j:^eikdJcwai (聖 &會 )• 

; Episode, n. shdsetsu は 少說) ; hiki- 

Epispastic, n. suidashi ; hatsuho 
(錢 泡). 

to apply an , suidasJil wo 


! Ljpistle, n. shinsho (信書); shokan 
(書 節); fumi ; (N.T.) shito-sho (使徒 

to the Romans, Bomasho 

(雜馬 書). 

first j zensho (fly#). - 

second to the Corinthians, 

Korinto-kdsho (舒林 多 後書). 
Epistolary, a. shinsho (信書) no ; 
shokan (晝 fe) no ; (of style) seki- 
dokuiai (尺) ifr) no. 

Epitaph, n. himei (碑銘) ; Uibun (碎 
文 ) ; sekihl (石碑) no mei (銘) ; ishi- 

Epithet, n. kelydshi (形容詞). 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 286 ] 


Epitome, n. kdgai (梗槪 ) ; yoryaku 
(要略) ; ryakusetsu (唇 說) ; satsvyd 
(撮- 姿); tcdy5 (大要); tairyaku (大 
略); (of a play) suji-gaJd. 

Epitomize, t.v. ryaku (罢) s ; yaku 
(約) s ; kauryaliu' {^^) s ; satsuyb 
(撮 rgafcujo (辱 叙) s; nolybten 
(ま 點) "'0 tsumamu. 

Epoch, n. jidai (時代); nendai (年 
代) ; k—i (紀元) ; iokiyo ; jiki (時 

Epsom-salts, n. shari-cn (舍禾 题). 

Equable, a. ichiyo (一 樣) na ; Mn- 
iisu (均一) na ; mura no nai. 

Equableness, n. eqiiiv. of Equa- 
ble foil, by koto. 

Equably, adv. ichiyo (—樣 ) 7il ; kln- 

iisu (均一) ni ; mura naJcu. 
JbJqual, a. ichiyo (一 轉) na ; hitoshii ; 
dbitsu ('^― ) no ; (fair) hyddd ( |q) ) 
na ; Jcin-itsu (均一) r/o ; Icawari no 
nai ; (in position) dbtd (同等) no ; 
(of a treaty) taito (對 ' 拳) [no). 

to (equivalent to), ni ataru ; 

ni sbtd (相 當) sum. 

in parts, tobun (等分) ni. 

to have intercourse on 

terms, doto (fsj 等) no rei (jflt) ico 

motte m 'jivoaru. 

Equal, n. (iu position) ddhai (同輩); 
doto (同等) no mono ; (in strength) 
aite ni nam mono. 

to be the of (in power), to/ 

kaia wo narabe'ru. 

to "be treated as an , gohu- 

gobu no tsuki-ai ico sare-ru. 
Equal, t.v. tojichiyd (一 樣) ni nam ; 
tolbyddd 、平等、 ni naru ; tolhitieici s ; 

Equality, n. doto (同 hitteki (匹 
愈) ; km-itsu (均一) ; byddd (平 t:). 

Equalize, t.v. ichiyo (—樣 ) ni s ; 
doto ni s ; kin-itsu (均一) ni s ; kinto 
(均 T り sase'ru. 

Kqually, adv. icJdyd (一 樣) ni ; doid 
(同等) ni ; byddd (乎 等) rd ; doyo ( a] 
ネ素) ni ; hitoshiku ; onajiku ; kaJce- 
nedate naku ; (without discrimina- 
tion) musabeisu (無 差お Ij) 7il 

Equanimity, n. (calmness) heiki (平 
氣) ; (without anxiety) arishin (安 i 亡、) ; 
annei (安寧) ; ansei (安 靜). 

Equatiou, n. (algebra) hoteishiki (方 

程 式). 一 一 

cubic , saiijo-hoteishiki. (三乘 


difi'eren て lal , oibun-hoteishiici 

(微 わ、 方程式). _ 

quadratic jtjo-tioieisniki (自 

乘方 ^^: 式); niji-hoteishiki (二次 方 
程 式). 

Equator, n. sekido (SH)- 

Equatorial, a. sekido (赤道) ? to. 

J^quatorial, n. (telescope) sekldd-gi 

E(iuerry, n. heiid (ル J 當) ;ー (naval or 
iLiiitary, to a prince) kwdzoku-dzuki 
hukw in (皇族 附 武官); (to the Soy- 
eieign) jlju-buk wan (<#fi^^t'B ;. 
Equestrian, a. lajuisu (馬術) no ;' 
hujb (馬 ヒ) no ; Jci'.a (騎馬) no. 

feats, ho.jutsu ; hajo no gei 

(藝 ). 

Equiangul ar, a. heikaku (平角) no ; 

おん ot/ot (等角) "0. 

Equidistant, a. dd-kyori (同 距離) 
no. ' 

Equilateral, a. tbhen (等 逸) no. 

triangle, idhen-saiikakkei 

(等邊 三角形). 
Equilibrium, n. tsuri-ai ; heiko (平 

偷) ; heikin (平均) ; kenkd (灌 衡) ; 

Icinsei (均 势). 
Equinoctial, a. Jdgan (彼岸) no; 

chuya-heibun (晝夜 平分) no. 
Equinox, n. higan ; chuya-heihun (ft 

夜 や 分). 

autumnal , aki (秋) no higan 

('ガ 岸); shubun 

vernal , haru {#) no higan 

(彼岸); shumbun (春分). 
Equip, t.v. nolydi (用意) s ; no/sM- 
taku (仕, lOs; sei&i (整備) s. 

to a ship, (jiso (儀装) s. 

to an army, gunso (軍装) s ; 

gumbi (車 備) s. 

to with , ni ico 


Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 287 ] 


jCqnipment, n. setsuU (設備) ; sM- 
taku (仕/ 1); seiU (整 ff) ; (act of) 
equiv. of Equip foil, by koto ; (of 
an army) cjunsb (軍装) ; gumhi (軍 
備) ; Uate ; sbU (装備) ; (bf a gun, 
etc.) sochi (装置) ; (of a ship) giso ; 
(of a soldier) qunju (軍需) ; qunki 
(軍器) ; sogu (ri 具). ' 

Equitable, (act) fahen (不 偏) no ; 
kotiei (公平) no ; watikushi naki ; 
(person) renchoku (簾 直) no. 

Equitably, adv. kohei (公平) ni ; 
kosei (^lE) ni ; hempct (鏞輟 ) naku ; 
renchoku {^\^) ni. 

Equity, n. kddd (公道) ; kosei (公正); 
j'5ri (條理 ); (law) kdheiho (銜平 法). 

Equivalent, a. ataru dake no ; soid 
(ffl 等) suru ; (in quality) ddshltsu (同 
ft) no ; doto (同 710. 

to "be to, nlj ataru ; toldoyb 

de aru. 

Equivalent, n. sbtb (相 當) shita 
mono ; fsuriatta mono. 

to be the of, (as, an Eng. 

word of a Jap. expr.) ni/ate-hama- 
ru ; nllteJcitd (適 當) s. 

Equivocal, a. aimed (瞹 妹) na ; mi- 
tei (未定) no ; fushin (不審) wo ; 
ibukashli ; . hakkirl shinai ; honyari 
shita ; fumei (不明 j no ; futamat'i no. 

Equivocally', adv. aimed ni ; mitei 
ni : fumei ni ; fushin ni ; honyarl to ; 
ibukashiku ; dochira tsukadzu ni. 

Equivocate, i.v. aimai na koto wo 
iu ; aimi.i na go (f^) wo haku ; (pre- 
varicate) kotolm wo nigosu. 

Equivocation, n. aimai na koto wo 
iu koto ; (prevarication) tonji (遁 事) ; 

Era, n. jidai (時代); kigen (紀 Tf); 
nenki (年 紀); jisel (時世); (title of 
year-period) neng5 (^年 ま). 

during" the of Kyoho, 

Kymo-nenkan (年間》 

urst year of an , gicannen. 

Eradicate, t.v. (destroy thoroughly) 
no/ lie wo tatsu ; ne-kogi ni s ; tayasu ; ; nedayashi s ; (all trace of ) 
no!ato u'o tatsu. 

Eradication, n. ne-kire ; nedayashi. 

Erase, t.v. kesu ; kedzurn ; m.iri-kesu ; 
kaJH-kesu ; massatsu (抹? ^) s ; sctJm- 
jo ほ I] 除) s ; tomaisu (塗抹) s. 

Eraser, n. ji-JcesJd. 

Erasure, n. saknjo (ft、5 除). 

■KreloiTLg", adv. yagate. 

Erect, t.v. tate-ru ; (a Buddhist tem- 
ple) konryu (^jl) 5; (a Shinto tem- 
ple or royal palace) zbei (造 營) s ; 
(build) tate-ru ; (machinery) sdchi 
( ax fl!]' ) s ; (put together a machine) 
kumi-tate-ni ; (telegraphs, etc.) ka- 
setsu (架設) s. 

to the h も ad (as a snake), 

kama-kubi ico tate-ru. 

Erect, a. mas surf u ivt : choknritsit 
(直立) shita. ' 

Erection, n. (act of) equiv. of 
Erect foil, by koto ; (building) ken- 
chiku (建築) ; zdei (造 營) ; (of machi- 
nery) seichi iWiW) ; (Physiol.) hoJcJci 

Erectly, adv. massiigu ni. 
Ergot, n. haJcudo (麥 奴). 
Eriobotrya japoiiica, Uwa (枇 

Erosion, n. shlnsJioku (侵き) ; to- 
shoku (蠹 蝕). 

Err, i.v. samayou ; mayou ; ayamaru ; 
Jcokoro-chiijai s ; gokai (§ 美 解) s. 

to on the side of severity. 

koJcu ni shissuru (失), or sugi-ru. 
JhJrrand, n. tsukai ; (purpose) ydji 

to go on an , tsukai ni iku. 

Errand-l>oy, n. tsukai ; kodzukai ; 
tsukai no mono. 

Erratic, a. (eccentric) henkutsu (婦 
M) ; kilcyo (奇) ^) n2 ; (uncertain) 
fu-fcLmari na ; futei (:^ 定) na ; 
(wandering) sumal no Jclmaranai ; 
samayou ; teisho (定 所) nai. 

Erratically, adv. (eccentrically) 
henkutsu ni ; (uncertainly) fu-kimari 
ni ; fii-kiritsu n' : (wandering) teisho 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 288 ] 


Erratum, n. (correction) teisei (訂 
正) ; seiqo (正 i 吳) ; (error) ayamari ; 
.f/o ブ i (誤字); s ま wf/o( 錯誤); ひ0?)?/17( 誤 

table of errata, selqohyo (正誤 
• 表). 

Erroneous, a. machigaita ; ayamat- 
ta ; gohyii (談 謬) no ; fusel (不 i) na ; 
futb (不當 ) na. 

to be , machigau ; ayamaru. 

Erroneously, adv. macMgaUe ; 
ayamatte ; fusel (不正) uL 

Error, n. kokoroe-chigai ; ryo/cen- 
chigai ; gohyu (i 吳讓) ; ayamachi ; 
shissaku (:^ 錯) ; kwashitsu (過失) ; 
(in calculation) kanjo-chifjai. 

clerical , Jcaki-sokonm ; sho- 

printer's , goshoku (誤植). 

to show (a man) his s, wo/ 

setioku (faf#) s ; nijikm (意 覓) s ; 
ni/kydkai {^%) s. 

Eructat^, i.v. wa]okiM (ja de-ru ; 

geppu ICO s. 
Eructation, n. okuhl ; geppu. 
Erudite, a. hakugaku (f^ 學) na ; 

gaihaku i 該博) no ; haJcushiki (博識) 

net ; sekigaku (痕學 ) no. 
person, monoshirl. 

Erudition, n. hakugaku (博 舉); 
hakush'M (博識) ; gakushiki (學識 )• 

Erupt, i.v. funkwa (uliAc) s. 

Eruption, n. (med.) fushin (風 疼) ; 

hasshin (|S 疼) ; fukidemono ; {yol- 

caiiic)/M?ifcio ひ. 
Erysipelas, n. tandoku (丹毒). 
Erytlironium grandifloruiii, 


Jl^SCalade, t.v. hasHgo de noboru. 
Escapade, n. itadzura ; ramho (喬 L 
暴). . 

JHiSCape, i.v. nogare-ru ; nige-ru ; das- 
svru ; nige-dasu ; tbhi (讲 避) s ; toso 
(逃走) s. ' 

to death, by a miracle, 

hanshi (萬 死) ni issei (—生) wo 

to from prison, dakkan (fl^ 

檔) s ; datsugoku ( 晚獄) s. 

Escape, t.v. sake'ru ; nogzre-ru ; nige- 
ru ; tdhi (逃避) s ; (avoid) manukare- 

Escape, n. tdhi (逃避); toso (逃走); 
(from prison) dakkan ; datsugoku ; 
(leakage) mori. 

to have one's cut off, nige- 

ha wo usliiimu. 

way of , nige-michl. 

Escort, n. keiei (警衛) ; goe'i (護 衞) ; 
keigo [霸觀 ; (of a prisoner) ひ os5 (趣 
送). " 

Escort, t.v. (accompany) okuru ; go- 
s る (護送) s ; (protect) {joei (護衛) s ; 
keie'L (警衞 ) s ; keigo (警護) s. 

Escutclieon, n. mon (紋) : kisho 

mm ; ki(jd mm)- 

Esopliag-US, n. shokudd (食道) ; 

shokkwan (食 管). 
Esoteric, a. okugi (奥義) no ; hiden 

(秘 #) no ; goku-i (^意 j no; daijd 

(大乘 ) ? 

philosophy, hikyo (^>Wc)' 

Especial, a. kakubetsu (格別) no ; 
hetsudan (別段) no ; (exceptional) 
tokuhetsu (jfeglJ) no ; kakudan (格段) 
no ; kakugwai (格 タ卜) no. 
Especially, adv. kakubetsu (格別) 
ni ; hetsudan {^\]^) ni ; tokuhetsu (特 
别 ) ni ; hesshUe ; tori-wake ;' koto- 
sara ni ; kakudan (格段) ni ; kaku- 
gwai (格 ケト) ; koto ni, 

' as, krra hesshite. 

it is wrong- to strike an 

old man, tori-wake rojm (老人) 
wo butsu no wa icarui. 
Espionage, n. kancho (間 牒) ; t き 

tei (探偵) ; tansaku (探索). 
Espousal, n. ii-naazulcG. 
Espouse, t.v. (give in marriage) il- 
nadzuke s ; endzuke-ru ; (wed) mukae- 
ru ; to/konrei (t 昏^) s ; tolkekkon 
(結 擗) s. で , 

to the cause of, nolkata u'o 


Esprit-de-corps, n. ddhdsUn (同 

胞. じ、) ; hotoshin (明 戴 心). 
Espy, t.v. mUsuke-ru ; ml-dasu ; mt- 


Hosted byLjOOQle 


[ 289 ] 


Essay, n. (literary) hun (文); romhv.n 

Essayist, n. wmbw'k" (論文 家). 

Kssenco, n. (lenml (元 fff/) : selkl (お {f 
氣) ; iW) ; "hlndzul (心 髓) : (of a 
material object) honshifsu {^'xl) ; (of 
a perfume) kokl (| 氣). 一 

impartiality is the of the 

law, kohei て 公平) だ'〃 honisu (法 
律) no L'o ョ d (la. 

the of civilization, 

(文明) no ml (粋). 

the of true politeness, rci- 

0> mm) rt" hon-l (本意). 

Kssontial, a. (important) .h al e, -via 
naranu ; karijln (HfiCO 'ぼ ( ; IcJinyd {}\ \'- 
要) き; S ん; y さ (至要)""; lanyo (^^) 

element, yoso (耍 ゆ. 

oils, klhatsu-yu (氣 發》' |J|). 

parts, Icanyo na tokoro. 

…… points, ydim (要點 )• 

Inessential, n. リ U. り, (耍 件). 

Ksseutially, adv. f だ" (現) ,'; : jiUu 
(實) ni : honzen (t^B) ijorl : shin 
(具) nl ; s/nyo (至要) r,i. ' 

Establisli, t.y. kde'm ; i<>ii-iate-ru ; 
mokc'ru ; (an institution, company, 
etc.) seUuritsa 立) s ; (a fact) ka- 
kutei (確定) s ; (as, a new family) 
soritsu (創立) s ; (fix) sadame-ru ; 
{place in position) seichi (設 匱) s. 

ed (already fixed), JcHel ({5^ 

定) no. " 

ed fact, tashlla na jijiisu 

(事 實). 

to a hospital, hyoin (病 p ダ 

? CO til r aha. ' 

to a regulation, l lsol u (規 

M) y'o mdke-ru. 

to an intimacy (with a per- 
son), fo/kokoroyasuku naru. 

to relations with, io:kdml 

(交 释) wo Ihiraku ; (with an in- 
dividual) to 口、. om') (交際) v:o mv- 

Kstablislmieut, n. seisurlisu : sd- 
ritsu ; settei (設 全) : and eqiiiv. of 
Establish, foil, by koto. 
peace , heij)-ie>>n (平 【ゅ定嚴). 

to keep up a large ica\ 

kurashi-mii.kl qa yutaka de am. 
I war …… , sQiijl-ieiln (戦時 定員). 

; Instate, D. (a property) shoyfichl (戶开 
有 地) ; (地所) ; (of a deceased 

I person) isan (遣 產) ; (personal) shin- 

I (:i 上) ; shindaJ (^代). 

I bankrupt , hasfni-zaldft,, (破 

; 產財圆 ). 

I real …… ,/"(/ふ、.",' (不動 產). 

; 里で >Ste (、"し t.Y. (respect.) taifonw. ; iat- 

I tolm ; "monii'i'u ; Jcicho (贵 重) s : 

! .^-0)1101/0 (尊る' jc) S ; led {tyx) s ; mjamau ; 

i (value) mote-hay asu ; rliinrho (j^^-) 

\ ^ ; sholnrari {'BM) ' 

i KsteeiH, 11. f<onkyo (尊敬) ; んん /"3 
; (貴重) ; soncho (尊重) ; ariaine ; iota- 
i Tin ; iaitoht. 

! Kstiiuable, a. iaitohu-hekl ; omon- 
\ zubeki ; kel-suhekl ; sordcyu-snhekl ; 
! Jcicho (- 貴重) suhek'i. ' 

\ Kstiiiiate^ t.y. t^umom ; mitsu- 

! morn ; (beforehand) yosoku (寧 測) s ; 

I (cost of fi thing or imclertaking) yo- 
I 應' (豫算 ) s ; (money value of an 

I article) nelmirn s ; kyoka (評 價) s. 

j d value, in Itsum or ;.-ka (jaku . 

I Estimate, : (of the cost 
of an undertaking) yosan (豫 第) ; 
(of the value of an article) hyoka (評 
價) ; nelmmi.. " 

army s, rikii'i'ui- リリ (陸軍 

豫箄 )• ■ . ― 

budget s, yosan. 

navy s, IcaUfun-yosan け每軍 

豫算 ). ' 
rough …… , リ alm、i (p 算). 
written , tsumori-gaki. 

Estimation, n. (calculation) mitsu- 
mori : I dmn (計算); also see Es- 

K strange, t.v. ん、 ' 

tMdshiku s : 

to be .... 

shiku naru 
shiku naru. 


Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 290 ] 


Estrang^einent, n. soe'i (疏逮 ) ; 
Jcakui (隔意) ; rilcmi (離間) ; Icakiirl 
(p^ 離) ; (act of) equiv. of Estrange 
foil, by koto. 

Estreat, t.v. (bail) hossJnl (、H 收) s. 

Estuary, n. kakd (河口); i"e. 

Et cetera, nazo ; to (等) ; i 謹れ 

Etch, t.v. shokuru (蝕 鏤) s: 
Etcliiilgj n. (art of) shokuni-jidsu 
(蝕鏤 術). 

Kteriial, a. ei/q/r^ (7"K 久)" ひ ; rnukya 
(無窮) no ; mwjm (無限) no ; fiikyil 
(不朽) 鶴 ; 1、、—i、'i れ '"'li ; nnishi- 
mushu は if^ 始ぉ 1 も 終) no ; de:i レぅく逮) no ; 
eisei (永世) no ; fuwdsu (不滅) no ; 
tokovo 1(0. 

Kteriiallv, adv. ell-iift (力く 久) r"' ; 

milky a (M 窮) nl ; muuen (無 ni ; 
fakyu (不朽 i nl ; kaulrl naku ; eien 
い ni ; eisei (永 jji) rri ; fumdsu 
i 不滅) rd ; iokoyo ni. 

JEternity, n. eikyn (永久); mvkya 
( 窮) ; 籠 リ en ; f ま yii (不朽) ; 

eie)i (永遠); eLs'eU 永世); tokoyo. 

Ether, n. (chem.) * (依 的 兒); selkl 
(精氣 )• 

JKtliereal, a. (heavenly) ten (天) no ; 
- (light) klhaku (稀 f リ)) ''.。 ; (spiritual) 

rel (靈) no. 
Ethical, a. shushin {{\^^) no ; rinrl 
' (倫理). no ; toJcur/i (德義 ). no ; rlnrl- 

な/ひ Mf 佥理 的)' 脉 
Ethically, adv. rlnri (fe 理) de ; rhi- 

rltekl (倫理的) ni. 
Ethics, n. rhmJiaku ; shfi- 

shbvjaku (修; ; rlnrl (ft 理). 
IiItlinoloj»ical, a. j'mshuf/aku (人種 

i_ き) no ; jhiruif/aK u (人類 ズ f ぶ) no. 
Ethnologist, ii.jinv'"l-ffaku.sha (入 

類 1 ま!: 者). 

Ethnology, n.j ;, hu(j"ku ( A Wr^) ; 

jlnruhjahu (人類' リ. 
Etiquette, n. reUjl (jjf H); relho 

(緩 法) ; 观/"->. (作法) ; relshiki (醴 式). 
Etymological, a. jlgaku ('辭 舉) no ; 

fifiiilaaku (TPg 各 ゆ、 no : aoaenaaku 

Ktyinologically, adv. jigaku (辭 
漆) de ; seljigaku (正辭 —擎) de ; ぎ jm- 
gokvjd (語/ f 、學 上). 

EtymolOg^y, n. (in grammar) hin- 
shi-ron {^nMrnY, gorid- 淮 (語類 論); 
(of a given word) oh'ori ; (the study) 
jigaku (辭學 ) ; seijlgaJcu (正 辭學 ). 

Kucliarist, n. seihansan (聖晚 §) ; 
Shu it:.) no hanmn (晚 §)• 

Kulogistie, a. equiv. of Eulogize 
used" as adj. ; shbshi (^fiij) no ; slio- 
toku ('項 德) "0. 

Kiil05>ize, t.v. shosan {^M) s ; sam- 
1)1 逢 H) s ; home-soy asu. 

Kiilogy, n. shoshi 詞) ; shosan 
讚) ; home-kotoM ; (written) shd- 
tokuhua (頌德 i). 

KiiUUCli, n. ertkiran ; enjin 

(i^A) ; 卞 ku'a'i リ icau riS^")' 

Eupatoriuiii Japonicuin, fujl- 

Kiiplioiiieal, a. r/oro (語呂) "o yoi ; 
onchd (f no yol 

EiipliOliy, n. (joro ほ^[呂). 
Kurasiiiii, n. ainoko. ― 
Europe, n. Yoroppa (歐羅 巴) ; Oshu 

(歐洲 ). 一 ^ 

and America, 0-Bei (歐 来). 

to proceed to , yokb (洋 

行) s. 

Kurooeaii, a. Ydropp 「も (歐羅 巴) 
no ; Oshu (歐洲 -) no ; (as opp. to 
Oriental) seli/o (お 洋) no ; achira no. 
writing-, yokomoji (橫 文字). 

Kuropeaii, n. Yoroppa-jui (歐羅 巴 
入).; dshfijin (歐洲 人、): (as opp. to 
Oriental) selydjin 洒洋 人). 

Kiirya japoniea, sakaki. 

Euscapliys stapliyleoides, ki- 
tsuiie no c/iahukuro ; [jonzid. 

Evacuate, t.v. (a house, of a tenant) 
ake-icaiasu ; (from the bowels) ku- 
dasii ; (mil., a place) tekkyo (IfC 去) s ; 
ialkyo (il 去) •、• ; iettal (撤退) s ; tep- 
I pei (徹 兵) s ; (quit) hiJd-harav ; hlkl- 
\ a</€-ru ; jokyo ([(突 も) .v ; tnchl-iLOhn. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 291 ] 


Evacuation, n. hiki-harai ; tachi, 
noki ; jokyo (除去); haijo (徘 除); 
hiki-age ; (by army of occupation, 
etc.) iekkyo (撤去); teppei ; tettai ; 
(from the bowels) haisetsubutsu (排 
泄 物); (mil.) taijin (退陣); taikyo 
(返 去). ' 

Evade, t.v. sake-ru ; yoJce-ru ; manu- 
kare-ru ; (by stratagem) kugurii ; 
nuke-ru ; nogare-ru. 

to a tax, datsuzel (脫税 ) s. 

to capture, hobaku (捕 

rco nogare-ru. 

to punishment, tsumi u'o 


Evanescence, n. ha\ (ina' koto ; 
kie-useru koto. 

Evaiieseeiit, a. kle-useru ; hnka- 

Eva ugelical, a association, 

Fukuin-kydkical (ijiS 實 孝女 會 ). 

Evaiig-elLst, n. (preacher) sek-kyd- 
sha (說数 者); denkyosha (靜教 着); 
denddsha (傳道 者). 

Evangelize, i.v. dendo ; 
fukuin (福音) wo tsutae-rv. 

K vapor ate, i.v. kle-ru ; (蒸 
W s; josan (蒸散) .s'; hassan (後 

Evaporate, t.v. kiesase-ru ; jdh'ifsu 
sase-ru ; jdsfDi (蒸散) sase-ru ; has- 
san (發 散) sase-ru. 

JEv^aporation, n. jdhatsu (:M 錢) ; 
Josan (蒸散) ; hasmn (發 散). 

JhJvasion, n. (eluding pressure of an 
argument) nogare-kojo ; ii-nuke ; ton- 
ji i'Mm^-) : niqe-kojo ; (of a tax) hoda-- 
tsu (通 脫). 

Evasive, a. kosul ; kelmdan (决斷 ) 
no mi. 

answer, nlr/e-kdjo ; ii-nuke ; 

《0れ/に(遁辭). ' 

to give an answer, mnaku 

koiaete nige-ru ; wivtku ii-nuke 
ICO s. 

Evasively, adv. U-nukefe. 
Eve, n. (of a festival) yoi-matsun. 

Even, a. (equal) hitoshii ; Ichiyo (一 
W) na \ aiko no [in a game] ; (flat) 
taira na ; heltan (平 担) na ; (not odd) 
(lilsu (偶数) no ; cho (十) no. 

and odd, kiqu (奇 f^) ; cho- 

han (7*42). . 

. numbers, gfrni (偶数); cho- 
ま (丁数). 

Even, adv. mo ; sae mo, 

allowing that, sore nl shita 

iokoro ga. ' 

animals have feelings, 

kedamono de sae mo jo (情) to iu 
mono wa aru. 

my clothes were burnt, 

kimono made mo yakefa. 

supposing' that, expr. by 

tato'i foil, by mo or ni mo shiro. 
thougch, expr. by mo pre- 
ceded by the gerund of the verb it 
qualifies. ' 

you would not believe it, 

anaia de sae mo go shin-yo (信用) 

I can hear it now, im:i de 

mo kikoe-ru. 

I have not a chair to sit 

on, koshl ICO kakeru -isu sura mo 

I would not have it ...... at 

one sen, issen de mo iya da. 

five or six hundred, f/o- 

hyauu ivilshi (乃至) roppyakii. 

Kveiiliandert, a. kata-yoranu ; eko- 
hiiki (依估 森 貴) no nai ; た 5/'e?: (公平) 
na ; heinp'i no nai ; hosei (公 

J£) na. 

Kveiiiug-, n. han (0^) ; hi-Jmre ; yii ; 
yuqata ; yiVcoku (夕 亥 ij); yuJcei 

景 i. 

come in the , hanhodo o ide 


good , komhan (今 晚) v:ft. 

prayer, yii no inorl ; hanto 

(晚躊 ). 

roll-call, nlsseJd-tenko ( g 

夕點 呼). 

star, yo'i no myojo (明星). 

the glow (of the sky), 


the of life, ゎ麵 e», (晚 年). 

yesterday , yiibe ; sakiOxm 

(昨 晚). 

Hosted b ん 00 ヌ 


[ 292 ] 


Evening-glory, n. yugao. 

Eveiiin g-primrose, n. (cenotliera) 

Evenly, adv. talra ni ; Jieltan {^iB) 
oil; hitoshiku ; ichhyd (—if) nl ; (im- 
partially) kosei (公 IE) ni : hempa 
(偏 頼) naku ; eJco-Jmki (依怙 轟灵) 
nalcu ; kdhei. (公 ヱ p) nl. 

Eveimess, n. heitan (平 姐) ; hum ; 
(impartially) kdhei (公平); (of tem- 
per) odayalca na I'ofo ; oinm (、溫 
和) ; Jteion (平温). 

Evensong', n. hanid (B 免ォ Cg). 
Event, n. koto ; jlkoi (事件) ; dtki- 

rjoto ; (unexpected) (/ilzen (偶然) net 


a happy , keljl (魔 事). 

an happens, koto <ja arv. ; 

j'ilcen (/ci okoru. 

at all s, io ni kaku. 

in the of, setsu u-a ; {no) 

haai w ん 7d ni ica, or akatsuki ni 
?ca, following past tense of verb ; 

moshi toici ni ica. 

in the natural course of s, 

tennen (天然) makase nl shite oite. 

the natural course of s, 

sZi お eii (自然)? K> ito'o ぶ. 

Kven-tempered, a. odayaka na ; 
Jci (氣) no yoi ; Jci ni mura no nai ; 
onwa 禾 n) na ; helon (や^) na. 
Eventful, a. iaji (多事) ? 
Even-tide, n. yuJcolm (夕刻) ; ya- 

Jcata ; hikure. 
Eventuality, n. a possible (but 

improbable) , nian-ichi (萬 一) 

no koto. 

Eventually, ady. isui nl ica ; shl- 
mai ni ica ; saufo (最後) ni ; kcklcyo- 
Icu (結局). ■ 

Ever, adv and anon, iold- 

doki ; ori-ori. • 

so many times, ikutabl io 


so much., ikura de mo ; iaku- 

san (澤 山); gyosan (仰山); iasho 
(多少い CO towadzu. 

for , handai (万代) no sue 

made ; eikyu (7lc 久) ; kagiri 
naku ; Usu made mo. 

have you seen ? cinata ica 

mita koto ga go7Mimasu Iccl . . 

just as , tsune no ion ; は si(, 

mo no tori. 
Evergreen, n. foJau-a-rji 
Everlasting*, a. handai-fuekl (方 f に 
不易) れ 0; bansel-fukyu (万 lit 不ネ 5) 
no ; inukifu (無 no ; haglri naJci ; 
V. also Eternal. 

life, elsel (永生). 

Every, a. is generally expr. by the 
adv. mina, or ono-ono, or idzure mo, 
placed immediately before the verb. 

body, dare de mo. 

country, kakkoJcu (.^g) ; 

shokoku (諸 國). 

day, mabiichl (每 曰)' 

inch, doko kara mlie mo ; 

teito-ieisuU (徹頭徹尾) ; raaUaku. 

one, (each) meimel (名々); 

iende ni ; (polite) mina san. 

other day, ickmichl { — ]]) 

old ni ; Jcakujitsu (隔 p ) ni, 

single tJung", nard mo ka 

mo. . 
. . thing, nail de mo ; hanji (万 
事) ; shoji (諸事) ; lantern (万端). 

Thursday, moJcuyo (木 fig) 

f/oto ni ; mai-mokuyo (^; ^cffl). 

". time (with a verb), iainhi ni 

[at end of clause]. 

week, maishfi (t^jM)- 

Kverywliere, adv. kakusJio (各所) 
ni ; amamkii ; doko de mo ; doko mo 
ka mo ; - hoho (方々); doko ni mo ; 
shoho (諸方) ni ; itaru tokoro ni. 
Evict, t.v. (drive out) oi-dasu. 

to from a house, nilucJii 

wo akesase-ru ; iacJd-nokase-ru ; 
nijtana-tate ico kmcase-ru [the latter 
is vulgar and refers more par- 
ticularly to cases where rent 
due has not been paid.] 
Eviction, n. equiv. of Evict foil, by 

Evidence, n. shoko (證據 ) ; (spoken) 
shdgni (證 言) ; (trace, cine) keiseJci 
(形き) ; jiseki (事跡) ; (written) sho- 
sho (證 書). 

the taking of , shoko-shirabe 

[Civ. Pro.]. 

written copy of …… , chosho (調 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 293 ] 


Evident, a. 7neiryd (明瞭) na ; aki- 
raka na ; meihaku (明白) na ; utagal 
no mi ; f/anzen (眼 俞) shir eta. 

it is , v.tagai ica nal ; chigai 

tea nal ; soi (相違) nal ; imkari- 
Jcitie iru ; shire-kUte iru. 

Evklently, adv. sdi (相 i^:) naku ; 
utagai naJcu ; fashika ni ; genzen (顯 
然) to. 

liiVil, n. (depravity) aku (惡) ; fury る 
(不! ; fuzen (不善) ; aJacshin (惡 
心) ; (barm) gai (害); icazaicai ; sal- 
nan (災 雛) ; saigai (災害). 

luvil, a. ashiJci ; warm ; in Chinese 
compounds aku (惡) ; (imtortimate) 
in Chinese compounds Icyo (凶). 

deed, akvji (惡 事); akugyd 

(惡 業). • 

face, akuso (惡キ 尋). 

hearted, akushin (惡, 亡、) no ; 

kokoro no warul. 

man, akunin (惡 人). 

practice, akuhei (惡 

speaking- (abuse), akkd (惡 

口) ; nonoshiri. 

spirits, aL Jd (惡 鬼) ; aJmma 

(惡嵬 )• 

thoughts, akunen (惡; t:). 

tidings, kybhd (凶#). 

Evil- speaking", n. mmshirl ; "J。kd. 

Evince, i.v. araicasn. 

to be d, a'mwavG'ru. 

Evoke, t.v. yoU-dasu. 

to applause, kassal (喝采) 

' wo hiJcu. 

Evolution, n. (aritli.) kaihel-kairyi't 
(開平 開立); (development) hattatsu 
(發 達) ; shinkim (進化) ; kaihatsu (開 
發) ; (biol.) shinkica (進化). 

doctr ュ ne of , shinkicaron {M 

化 論). 

s (as, of a fleet), soren {^^^) ; 

md-enslm (機動演習). 

theory, shinkmiron (進化論). 

Evolve, i.v. shinkica (進 ィヒ) s; hat- 
tatsu (發 達) s ; hatfen (發展 ) s. 

Evolve, t.v. (educe) hiJci-idasu ; 
が 5( 引用) s. 

Evonymiis radicans, masakl no 
kadzura ; tsuru-rnaki ; (e. alattis) 
nishiJd-gl ; (e. jfiponicus) masaJd. 

Ewer, n. mldzu-game. 

E、vi'y, n. naizenkwa (內瞎 課). 

Ex-, zen- (前) {no) ; saJd no. 

Exacerbation, n. chonetsu (潮 熱). 

Exact, t.v. tori-tate-m ; hataru ; 
hatari-toru ; sMren (收欽 ) s ; shiite 

J^xact, a. (minute) kuwashil ; selsai 
{I^M) ; seimitsu (精 齊) na ; mem- 
mitsu (綿 声) na ; (precise) kichdmen 
na ; genjic (嚴 ま) na ; (precisely 
stated) seimitsu (精密) na ; kichin to 
au ; seikaku (精6^^) na ; tadashii ; 
chigawanai ; sumhun tagaiccmai. 

Exacting", a. mudzukashU. 

jrJxactioii, n. muridori. 

s, shiiren (斗 殳^) ; (money 

levied) toritate-Jdn. 

Exactly, adv. (carefully) sebnitsu (綺 
密) ni ; seikaku (正確) nl ; ieinei (丁 
寧) ? li ; (just) chodo (丁度); ada- 
kamo ; (with preciseness) kichdmen 
ni ; genjii (厳 ni ; simihun taga- 
wadzu ; kichin to. 

at 8 o'clock , Idkkari hachijl 


Exactness, n. tausai (丹精) ; seimitsu 
(精密) ; seikaku (精確) ; (careful ob- 
servance or method, etc.) kichdmen, 
na koto ; ヮ e》 ひ w (厳重) na koto; katai 

Exaggerate, t.v. dJdku in ; hddal 
(棒大 ) ni hanasu ; ogesa ni iu ; dgyd 
(大業 i ni iu ; gydsan (仰山! ni iUato 
7'u ; r/ydgydshihu (仰々 數) iu. 

Exaggerate, i.v. hora wo fiiJcu ; 
o make wo iu ; har t liodo no koto ico ho 
hodo ni iu [prov. meaning " to speak 
of a needle as if it were a club ,,; I ; 
also equiv. of Exaggerate [t.v.]. 

Exaggerated, a. ogesa na ; kodai 
(誇大) na ; gydsan (仰' 山) 観. 
to liave an ...... opinion of, wo/ 


Exaggeration, n. dgyd (;^ H); 
fjvogyoshisa ; (act of) eqniv. of Ex- 
aggerate foil, by koto. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 291 ] 


Exalt, t.v. agame-ru ; takame-ru ; 
moclii-age-ru ; Jcatsngu. 

to one's self, takaburu ; ogo- 

rii ; tokui (得意) ni nam. 

Exaltation, n. equiv. of Exalt foil. 

by koto ; (of spirit) ucnoten (有 項 天). 

Exalted, a. (of rank) kdJci (惪 貴) no ; 
(of sentiments, etc.) icoshd (高 尙) na. 

Examination, n. (act of) equiv. of 
- Examine foil, by koto ; (in know- 
ledge) shiken (試 驗) ; (law) (fi'mmi (吟 
味); shimmon (Hfol) ; shinri (審理); 
tori-shirabe ; shirabe ; (of a subject) 
chosa (調査) ; tori-shir ahe ; shinsct 
(審査) ; (of things) kensa (檢查 ) ; 

civil service , fdyd-shik'm (登 

用 試 驗). . . 

competitive , kyoso-shiken 

(競 報— 驗) •: ド. 7 リ 

01 witnesses, shonm-shirabe. 

final , shfimatsu-shiken (終末 

試 驗). 

oral , koid-skiken ( P MW^W- 

preliminary 'Uooi-sniken (豫 

備 試驗) ; (in court) yosUn (豫番 ) ; 

HOfilnn-torisliirah e. 

to fail in an , rahudai (落^) 

to pass in an , kyiidai (及 难) 

s ; shiken ga toru. 

written , MkJd-shiken (筆' 記 

written statement of an 

(in a court), g>7mm-chos/io (吟咏 調 
書). ' 

Examine, t.v. kensa s ; araiame-ru ; 
kensatsu (檢 察) s ; (a patient) shin- 
satsu i^B) s ; shindan {^W\) s ; (a 
subject) ciiQsa (調査) s ; tori-shirabe' 
Q'U ; shtnsa (審 ま) s ; (a witness) jim- 
應 (訊問) s [Civ. Pro., Cr. Pro.] ; (in 
Imowledge) shiken (^驗 ) s ; (law) 
shinri (審理) s ; gimmi (吟^) s ; shim- 
mon (番 問) s ; tadasu ; tori-shirahe- 
7U ; shlrahe ru ; (under a microscope) 
kensa (檢査 ) s. 

to "be ...... d (in knowledge), shiken 

wo uke-ru. 
' to "be ...... d by (of a subject), m! 

iori-shirabe wo uke-ru. 
Examinee, n. jukensha (受驗 者). 

Examiner, n. kenmfsukmn (撿察 
官) : kensakwan (檢 査官) ; Icansa- 
yaku (監査役) ; shmsakwan (審 笪官) ; 
(in knowledge) shiken-iin (試 驗委 良) ; 
(of a company's affairs, appointed by 
n, court) kensayalm (齒 ^ 役) [Com. 

Example, n. (a thing to be copied) 
iehon {^:^) ; hydjun (標? p) ; kagami 
[lit. mirror] ; inkan (ll^) ; (prece- 
dent) rei (例) ; senrei (先 询) ; tameshi ; 
(sample) mihon (見:^) ; hyohon (% 
本) ; hinagaia ; (to illustrate a rule) 
rei (例). 

for , tatoeua ; iatoete mireha. 

good . ..... , kikan (龜鑑 ), 

to follow the of, nijmi- 

nar"u ; no I rei ni s'h'da リ au. 

to make an (in bad sense), 

mise-shime ni s. 

to take by, u'ojmlhon ni 

Exasperate, t.v. taki-tsuke-ru ; hi- 
doku oJcorase-ru ; rlppuku (立腹) sase- 
ru ; fundo ("| 食 怒 j sase-ru ; fungelci 
激) sase-ru ; jmrnpun sase ru ; geki 
i^M) sa.^e ru. 

to be d, okorl-kiite oru ; yak- 

ki to natte oru ; funqeki (奮激) s ;. 
fundo (憤怒) s. 

Exasperation, n. fungeJd (奮激) ; 
d-okori ; fundo (t 賁怒) ; clai-rippuhm 
(大 立腹). 

Excavate, t.v. hom ; ugatsu ; hori- 
ake-ru ; (a passage through) Jcm- 
nuku ; hori-nuku ; kaisaku (開 整) s. 

Excavation, n. horo-ana ; iwaya ; 
(passage) suidd (隨 道) ; tonneru ; (act 
of) kaisaku ; also expr. by equiv. of 
Excavate foil, by koto. 

Exceed, t.v. kosu ; koe-ru ; sugi-ru ; 
nilchbicKa (超過) s ; (remain over) ni! 

not ingr, (in amount) ika (以 

下) ; (in time) inai (以内) ; ik(i. 

Exceedingiy, adv. Mjo (弗 常) ni ; 

sukohuru ; kiwameie ; itaite ; shlgolm 
(至極); hanahada ; /i5 ひ icai (法外) n《; 
(preposterously) hakageie ; suteki ni ; 
suharashiku ; meppo ni. 
Excel, i.v. masaru ; hikle'ru ; sugnre- 
ru : mikinde n(. 

Hosted by 



[ 295 ] 


Excel, t.v. nijtachi-koe ru ; nlltachl- 
masaru ; nilue-kosu ; nijmasaru ; ni/ 
sugure ru ; nilhUde-ru ; nilnukinde-ru. 

Excellence, n. sugureta koto ; y fdd 
(擾 等) ; skmsu (秀逸) ; murui (無類) ; 
takuetsu (卓越). 

Kxcelleiiey, n. His, Your, , 

kakka f). 

Excellent, a. (of persons) goka ijol ; 
sugureta ; Idideta ; yfdd na ; (of 
tilings) kekko na ; murui na. 
I eral, na. 

tliat is , sore ica suiekl d:i. 

Excellently, adv. hikhte ; suguvefe ; 
mi goto ni ; myo ni. 

Except, prep, no hoka nl ; ico nokete , 
wo nozoite ; wo nozoku hoka. 

Kxcept, t.v. tori-noke-ru ; nozoku ; 
nokosu ; torl-nozoku ; jokijahii (除 さ; il) 

to "be ed from (a rule), noj 

Icafjiri de nai. 

Except, coiij. V. Unless. 

Exception, n. toH-noke ; kakwlan 
(格段); kakiiqwai (格 タト) ; reUnmi (例 
夕 ト); kakuheisu (t-^^lj) foil, by na 
koto or na mono ; (objection) i リ i (異 

a regulation creating' a spe- 
cial ....... jogicairei (除 ダト 令). 

no can be^ taken to, "'"/ 

hinaa 側 sum ten ga nai. 

to make an in favour of, 

niltokubetsu (特別) no icake ico moite 
yurusu ; no I tame ni kakuhetsu no 
atsnkai ico shite kure-ru. 

to take , iron (異 輪) v:o 

ton 鎖 u ; (leg.) kdbeii s ; 

fufuku wo ill ; J-uto (不當 ) to s. 

to take at, mutto s ; kl (氮) 

wo wa.ruk'u s. 

to take to, loalfu-doi 

意) de aril ; (a judge, witness, etc.) 
rcolkihi (忌避) s [Civ. Pro.]. 

with tlie of, ICO I nozoite wa. 

without an ......, (with an i.Y.) 

hitotsu mo nokoradzu ; (with a t.v.) 
hitotsu ma nokosudzu. 
without , noJcorl naJcu. 

Exceptional, a. kakuhetsu (格 别) 
no ; (forming an exception) kakn- 
gicai (格 夕 卜) ? w ; relgwai (询夕 卜) no ; 
kakudan {l^^f^) no ; shukkaku (出 格) 
U0-; (more than ordinary) み ひ o ま 常) 

under circumstances (un- 
avoidable), yamu wo enai haai ni ; 
yogi nai haal ni ; "i/ondokoro nai 
baal (場合) ni. 

; Exceptionally, adv. kakuhetsu (格 
^Ij) nl; ? で/ひ?. mi (例 タト)" i ; kakudan 
im'k) I'd ; shvl:kaku (出 jpi) ni ; hijd 

Excerpt, n. hassul (拔萃 ) ; nukl- 
qaki : satsuydhun (f^^c^) ; hassui- 
ん'" n (拔萃 文). 

Kxcess, n. (superfluity) amari ; kwa - 
Inm (過分) ; h-wado (過度) ; yobun (餘 
分) ; (undue indulgence) liodsu (-ま 

01 imports (over exports), 

puny H-clioh ica (輸入超過). 

to drink to , noml-sugosu ; 

I'lcado (過度) nl nomu. 

Kxcessive, a. yokel na ; hog ica I (法 
タト) mi ; h imbun (過分) na ; yohun (餘 
分 i na •, hakudai (莫大) na ; kicaclo 
(過度) no ; dogwai (度 外) "つ; (in 
amount) kicadai (過大) no ; (in 
degree) kwahun (過分) no ; kicado (過 
度) れ。 ; (too Tiolent) I'wageJd (過 ilj) 
• no. 

Excessively, adv, yokel ni ; hogwal 
け i 夕 卜) ni ; kicahiin (過分) ni ; yobun 
(餘 分)"" hakudai (^夬 ) ni ; k'wado 
f 過度) れい, doffwai (度 夕 卜) ni ; harm- 
hadashiku ; kidoku ; khcamete ; hijo 
(非常) ni ; do (度) Ko kmhite ; hun 
(分 j ICO koshite ; yatara nl. 

Excliaiige, n. (act) tori -km ; kdkwan 
(交換); (comm.) soba (相 镇); (of 
coin) kaicase 替); rydgae. 

bill of , kawase-fegata (^替 

手形) [Com. Co.]. 

siiop, ryoqaeya. 

in for "o'hikikae nl ; (instead 

of) no kaicarl r'i. _ 

rate of , kav:ase-soha. 

rice , た oj"e-s'55" (相 蕩); (place) 

Ulkoku-torihUcijo (米穀 取 弓 1 所). 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ le 


[ 296 ] 


stock , lcahiishiki4or\hlk)jo 

(株式取引所) [Com. Co.]. 

to against, tollaldkae ru. 

to for (another article), toj 


Excliange, t.y. Ujn-kae-ru ; kbkwan 
(交換) 's' ; kcie-ru ; hihi'kae'ru ; koekl 
(交 為) (a treaty) tori-kaicasu ; 
koicKcin (交 j^) s : (money) rydgae s. 

Excliaiig'cability, n. eqiiiv. of Ex- 
chang'eable, foil, by koto. 

Kxcbaiigeable, a. kokican (交換) 
subeici, or no cleklru ; koekl { 交易 j 
suhekl, or no clekrru ; iori-lcmru ; 

Exchequer, n. chancellor of the 

, suUbkyolmcho (出納 局長); o- 

kura-daijin (大藏 大臣). 
Excise, n. ,Te; (税) : koku.sanzei (國產 

to levy an , zei ico kica (課) 

Excise mail, n. sUilzeikimn (收税 官). 

Kxcitable, a. Id no hayai ; okorlp- 
poi ; haradachippoL ; fungeJd (憤激) 
shi-yasui ; kobu-shi-yasui ; r/ekl-shi' 

Excitability, n. fungekl (憤激) shi- 
yasul koto ; kohu (鼓舞) shi-yasui 
koto ; also eqniv. of Excitable foil, 
by koto. 

JKxciUi,'t.v. ((a body of people) saica- 
msu ; seyido (舞き 力) s ; (a feeling) 
Uffokasu ; kandd {^^M) sase ru ; hage- 
nnasu ; (anger) takl-tsuke ru ; okorase- 
ru ; f/eki sase ru. 

to be d, sawacju ; (of a num- 

' bar of persons) gelclhb (激: ^) ふ'; 
(of a person) im]/d f/a tatsu ; (per- 
turbed) husso (4 勿 馬 蚤) de am ; (with 
anger) yakJci (躍お) to nam. 
Excitedly, adv. aicatadasUiku. 
Excitement, n. saicadacU ; doyo 
(動 搖) ; fwigefd (奮激) ; kan ま I (惑 
激) ; kobu mm ; funkl (奮き) ; (of 
the populace) gekilco. 

Exciting-, a. ki (氣) ga hlld-tatsu ; ki 
(氨) no tatsu. 

! Excito - motor, a action, 

gekido-sayo (iic 動作 用). 

Exclaim, i.v. sakelni ; koe ? c ひひ ^re."" ; 
zelckyu (|gPi[.) s. 

Exclamation, n. sakeU-tioe ; kyu- 
kican (口 斗 喚) ; zekkyu (絕 口 斗) ; (gram.) 
kantoshl (間投詞) ; kcmtanshl (惑 嘆 

note of ...... , kcmtdhR (閬投 點); 

kantanfu (感嘆符). 

Exclude, t.v. (a judge, etc., for parti- 
ality) joselci (除;^) s ; (as, air) haijo 
(排除) s ; (deny access) kinjl'ru ; 
kobamu ; hinseki (攛 斥) s ; haiseki 
(排乐 ) s ; kyozetsu は 巨絕) s ; shirizoke- 
ru ; (except) nozoku ; jokyaJai (除却) 
•s' ; jogicai (I ^タト) s ; (froman account) 
kojo (控除 j s ; (refuse to accept) 

cannot the possilbilily 

that, na'i to mo kagiranai. 

Exclusion, n. kyozetsu (拒 絕) ; hal- 
seld (排斥); jokyaku ; and eqiiiY. 
of Exclude foil, by koto. 

of foreigners, gicalkokujin- 

haiseJci ; jot (攘夷) [obsolesc] [lit. 

expelling barbarians]. 

judgment of ,joken-hanketsu 

(除 濯判决 )• 

Exclusive, a. (possessed to the ex- 
clusion of others) dolcmju (5^ 有) no ; 
in Chinese compounds doku- (简 ), 
or sen- (專 ); it is also expr. by nij 
kagint [to be limited to]. 

of, ico/Jianete ; wo/kdjo shite ; 

no lioha. 

use, senyT) (®/H ). 

you have the right of 

entering this room, anata dake 
vxt kono heya e haitfe mo yoi. 

Exclusively, adv. mjkaijUte ; mop- 

Excogitate, t. 、'. k" 寧 e-dasu ; 
hatsumel (fS 明) s ; anji-dasu ; Icv.fu 
(工夫) s. 

Excog:itatioii, n. (act of) ecxuiv. of 
Excogitate foil, by koto. 

Excommunicate, t.y. hamon (被 
門) s ; jomei (除名)、 s'; nijUiikwai (返 
會) wo meiji-rn. 

JExcommunicatioii, n. Mmon (玻 
f>g); jo"?er (除名). 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 297 ] 


Excoriate, t.v. nojkaica kg surl- 
muku ; no/k:aica ic j liafjxi ; l-osurl- 
sogu ; surl-herasn . 

Excoriatiou, n. (act of) equiv. of 
Excoriate foil, by koio. 

Excrement, n. fun (糞) ; kuso ; 
daihen (大便) ; haisetsuhutsu (おき 泄ネ勿 ). 

JExeresceiice, n. (incumbrance) 
zeibutsu (资 物) ; yokei-mono ; muyd 
(無用) 110 chobutsu (長 斗' 勿) ; (med.) 
ibo ; Jcobu. 

Excreta, n. toshahutsu (吐 i き, 5i [勿). 

Excretion, n. (act of) haisetsu (排 
? f:) ; ? n(mpi お" (分 ミ必 ) ; (thing excreted) 
haisdsu ひ utsu (おき 泄 斗》 j) ; hv.mmfsm- 
butsu (分囊 ). 

Excruciating", a. kumshil ; ha(/e- 
shii ; modaesaseru ; kuinon (苦 JL^) 
s a sent ; Id (氣) ni saicaru. 

Exculpate, t.v. nolil-wahe s ; il- 
foku ; henkai (辯每 |) s ; henso (辯 疏) s. 

to one's self, ii-waJce s ; 

henkai (辯 解) s. 

Exeulnatioil, n. n-wake ; henh'(d 

henso (辯 疏). 

Exculpatory, a. henkai {;P^^^Wi^ ".'J'"'; 
U-wake no ; henso no. 

Excursion, n. (pleasure trip) ynsan 

(遊 散); 2 /なん o( 遊歩); sh 学 ほ; m' 

boat , juna-yusan (船 遊敲) • 

ticket, yfiran-Jcippii (游 e 葡 

切符); kwahju-Jcippu (同^1切^^). 

train, yumn-ressha (遊孓 || 

列車) ; Imaiyu-ressha (回遊 列き). 

Excusable, a. kamhen (勘 辨) no 
deJciru ; yiirushiie yarareru. 

Excusableiiess, n. equiv. of 
Excusable foil, by koto. 

Excuse, n. (bad) kdjitsu (口 實); 
ii-nuke ; nor/are-kdjo (口上); tonji 
(iiP) ; nige-lcojo ( |:| -ヒ) ; JcakotsuJce ; 
(good) u-wake ; henkai (pi^) ; 
mdshiicake ; (in reply to an invita- 
tion) Jcotoicari. 

Excuse, t.v. yumsu; yimen (宥 免) 
s ; jo (go) s ; kamhen (MW) s; 
(exempt) menjo (免除) s ; (in reply 
to an invitation) kotoicaru. 

my asking" but - ~ , ai- 

sumhnasenu ga ; osore-irimasu ga. 

my saying" so, hyshiffmke 

nagara ; s-hikkel m リ ara. 

I must beg* you to me 

from that, sono </l (儀) ica ddzo 
k'ofoicari mdshimasu ; soi-e wa 
(jomen ico komurUcd ; sore wa 
mappira (jornen nasai [the last is 
the most forcible, corresponding to 
the English expr. " No thank you ! 
not at any price !,, ]. 

please me, gomen (御免) 

kudasai ; gomen nasai. 

to one's self, ii-ioake too iu. 

JExecrable, a. nlkutel na ; nikui ; 
nikunikusfiu ; nUcur/e na ; nikumu- 
beici ; niKurashii. 

Execrate, t.v. (detest) nikiumt ; keii- 
(嫌 惡) s. 

Execration., n. (detestation) zd-o 
(憎 惡); (expression of) 7ionoshiri ; 
1 鳩、 I iMW)' 
deserving of , nlkiimu-beJd. 

Execute, t.v. (a deed) ni/Umel-natsu- 
in (言 B 名 ま 印)' s'; (an intention) joju 
(成就) s ; selkb ( j^- 功) s ; (carry out) 
tori-okonau ; shikko (執 f 亍) s' ; jiJckd 
(If?) s ; (judgment, warrant, order) 
etc.) shikko (森 行) s ; (put to death, 
shikei (死开 ij) ni sho {ijg) s ; nil shikd 
(死刑) V-'Q shikko (執行) s ; shi-okl s. 

JExeciltioii, n. (carrying out) shikko 
(執行) ; seko (施行) ; tori-okonai ; 
jiickd (赏 ぞ亍) ; (of a contract) riko 
(履行) ; (of an intention) joju (成就) ; 
seilco (成功) ; (of manufacture) sel- 
saku (i^f^) ; (of playing on the 
samisen) hiki-kata ; hiki-burl ; (of 
play Id g on the ! coto) tanji-kata ; (of 
workmanship) cKjari ; deki ; saUm 
(糸 ffl ェ) ; (putting to death) sldkei ni 
shosuru koto ; shikei-shikko (執行) ; 
shi-okl ; kelriku (刑戮). 

of a juagment, saiban- 

shikko (鼓 判 執行) [Civ. Pro.] ; (by 
force) Icydsei-shikkd (5 虽制 執行) 
[Civ. Pro.]. 

of a warrant, rdjo-shikko 

[令狀 執行]. 

place of , shUcel-ha ; shiketjo 

(死刑 蕩) ; shioki-ha ; keijd (刑場). 

provisional , kaii-shilckd 

[Civ. Pro.]. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 298 ] 


Executioner, n. shikei no shiicko- 
.s も a (執行 卷); sUkei-sUklcomn (死刑 
執行 A). 

Executive, a. gydsei no ; gydseijb 
(行政 上) no. 

officer, fjydselkwan (行政官). 

Executive, n. r/ydseVm (行政 部). 

iExecutor, n, yuigon-shikkdsJia (遺言 
執行 者) [Civ. Co.]. _ 

sole , tandoku-shikkdsha (単獨 

執行 者). 

Exegesis, n. kaishaku ; kcd- 

mei (解明). 

JExeg'etical, a. kaisUalu (解 釋) no ; 
kaimei (解明 5 sunt. 

Exemplary, a. (to serve as a 
warning) chokai (懲戒) no ; mise- 
shime ni nam ; (to serve as an 
example) mohan (摸 to naru ; 
kagami to naru ; tehon ni nam. 

Exemplification, n. (copy) .selhon 
(正本) [Civ. Pro.]; kosei-tbhon (公 iE 

Exemplify, t.v. (illustrate by 
example) rei (j^J) wo hiite toki- 
akasu ; (serve as an example) no I 

,. rei (i^J) ni naru. 

Exempt, t.v. to be ed, yuru- 

が ire'ru ; (from a duty or tax) 
menzei (免禾 j^;) sarete ovxl 

to from, ni ico yurnsu ; 

7ii wo menjo (免除) s ; (mil. 

service) ico/men-eki (免役) s. 

Exeiiiptioii, n. yurushi ; menjo ; 
(from military service) men-etci 

(免役). ^ 

from land-tax, menso 


Exequatur, n. ninkajo (認可 H^) ; 

junkyojo (准許 状). 
JExercise, n. (gymnastic) iaisd (体 
操) ; (lesson) Icwagyd (課業) ; kwatel 
(課程) ; keiko (稽古) ; kwctdcii (課 超) ; 
onsMmW; 員 yo (M/I1) ; (of func- 
tions) s/ii おん '5 (執行); (of the body) 
undo (運動) ; (walking) samp ひ (散歩). 

ground, umloha ; taisooa. 

military s, choren 個 練); 

操 練). 

spear , sojutsu (|| 術). 

sword , kenjvtsu (劍 き). 

to take , undo (蓮 動) s. 

wrestling" , taijutsa (鉢 術). 

Exercise, t.v. (cause to move) wwot ひ 
sase-ru ; (functions) okonau ; (move) 
ugokasu ; (soldiers) kunren (IJll 練) s \ 
sore-'i (操 練) s. 

to a horse, seme-wna ico s ; 

mna v:o shlJcoimi. 

to authority over, ni tai- 

shiie/ ken ryolcu {^"fy) れ :o shime-ru ; 
ni taishite/i (威) wo furuu ; wo/ 
shihai (支 酉 H) s. 

to jurisdiction, saihanken 

(裁判 權) 稱 okonau. 

Exert, t.v. mocJdi-ru ; ifo/kwafsuyd 
(活/ n) ' 、'; (physically) chikara wo 

to one's self, chikara wo 

mochli'vu ; shiissei (出精) s ; jtn- 
ryoku (盡 力) s; honso (奔定 ) s; 
tansei (丹精 j s ; chikara wo tsukusu. 
to one's self to the ut- 
most, sei-el (綺 々 ) cMlcam wo 

Exertion, n. (act of) equiv. of 
Exert foil, by koto ; (intellectual) 
jim'yoku (盡 力); sJmsse'i (出精) ; ben- 
rei (勉勵 ) ;' tansei (丹精) ; (phys. & 
intellectual) hone-on. 

Kxlialatioil, n. I- 1 (氣 ) ; j5hf(tsukl 

(蒸 s 氣). 

Exhale, t.v. hanatsu ; hasshutsu (f^ 
出) s ; johaisu (まつ 寧發) sase-ru. 

Exhaust, t.v. isukusu ; fsukai-hata- 
su ; tsukai-naJcusu ; tsukal-Mru ; 
shdhi (消費) s; shomo (消耗) 5; (a 
well) karasu ; kumi-hosu. 

to be ed, tsuki-ru ; tsulcl- 

hate-ru ; (of streDgth) cMkara ga 
nukete shimau ; fsukare-ldru ; (nave 
expended all one's strength) gale- 
kari s ; hird (疲勞 ) s. 

Kxliausting-, a. hone no oreru ; gak- 
Jean suru. 

Exhaustion, n. shdhl ; shomd (if 
耗) ; (of a sick person) hird (疲勞 ) ; 
(of the hoAj) tsukare. ' ノ 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 299 ] 


Exhaustive, a. seimitsu (情 密) na ; 
iro (遣 漏') no nai ; jiizen (十全) m. 

examination, shutd-mem- 

mitsu (周 ま密) na torl-shirahe. 

Exliaustless, a. tsuklnal ; miijin 
(無 盡) 顺 ; in Chinese compounds 
mnjin- (無 盡). 

…… resources, mvjinzd (無 盡藏 ). 

Exhibit, t.v. (a symptom) tei {^) s ; 
(discover) arawasu ; shvmesu ; (make 
a show of) misemono ni s ; (post 
publicly or officially) keijl (揭 示) s ; 
Icoji (公示) s ; (present in public) en 
(演) s ; fihite mise'ru ; (send to an 
exhibition) shuppin ( ffi ) .v ; (show) 

Exhibit, n. s?iuppUi (出品); chin- 
retsuhin (陳列 品) ; (in a court) shoko- 
hin (證據 品); shbkohutsu (證據 物); 
shblco-hukken (證據 物件) [Civ. Pro.]. 

Exhibition, n. (of articles of every 
land) hakurankicai (j" 専覽會 ) ; (of 
skill) enffi (演技) ; (of works of art) 
imra nk im i ( 覽 曾 ) . 

an of circus-riding', l-yoku- 

ha-kdgijd (曲馬 興行). 

competitive , k'gdshiri.ku'f.ti 

(共 進 會). 

home , n a lie ok n-h a I :u i 'a 1 1. kwa i 

(内國 博^ 會). 

international , hanh-ohu- 

hakurankwal ( 萬 國 博覽會 )• 

to make an of one's self, 

waral-gusa ni jiaru. 

JExliibitor, n. slmppinnhi (出品人). 

Exhilarate, t.v. yorokohasu ; tano- 
shimasu ; uresHgarase-ru. 

to be d, ureshigaru ; yoro- 

kdbxL ; fanoshimu ;- ydJci (^氣 ) ni 

Exliilaration, n. (state of) ureshl- 
gan ; kioairaku ('あ 樂); yorokohi ; 
tanoshimi ; kinlci (/^喜). 

Exhort, t.Y. (an inferior) kunJmi (訓 
戒) .9 ; (to good) hagemasu ; kvoan- 
koku (勸告 ) s; susume^ru ; chftkoku 
(忠告) s ; (to good from bhd) isame- 
rii ; imashime-ni ; kanfjen (^*W) s ; 
keikai (警戒) ,《?. 

Exhortation, n. kicankoku (勸告 ) ; 
chi'ikoku 、告 j ; isame ; imashime ; 
sumime ; kangen (諫言) ; keikai (警 
戒) ; kunJcai (訓戒). 

Exhiiniatioii, n. hakkutsu (發 掘) ; 

Exhume, t.v. hor'i-dnsu ; hakkutsu 
s- : liori-kaesu. 

Exigency, n. kyum ; hyulien (急 戀) ; 
kUq ゆ (危急); kyilhahu (急迫); Icyfi- 
2/ る (急 要). 

so lar as the les of the 

"blic service will permit, 
na (公務) no yuvusu kagiri ua. 
Kxile, r" (punishment) tsuihb ; ruml 
(流罪) ; ryiikei (流刑) ; (person) tsui- 
ho-ubi (與放 入); ruzai-nin ('流 ま 人); 
- (to an island) sldma-naqashi ; ento 
(逮 島). . 
Exile, t.v. tsuihd (迫 放) s ; nagasu ; 
(to an island) sldma-naqashi nl s. 

•Exist, i.v. aru ; sonzai (存在) s ; sei- 
s ひ- II (生存) .9 ; nari-iatsu ; genson 
(棚 6'. ' 

all ing- things, hammotsu 

(萬 物) ; Jximkuhu (萬 物). 
Existing", a. zairai (在 來) no ; (in 
actual force) r/enko び]! 行) n'). 

the treaties, (lenko-jdyaku 

(現行 條も 勺). ■ 
Existence, n. sonzai ; genson 

(現 fr) ; nari-tachl ; (livelihood) sei- 
hicatsu (生活); (mode of living) 
kurashl ; (question of whether there 
is or is not) u-mu (有無). 

struggle for , sdson- kydsd 

(生存 競 爭). 

the of a contract, keiyaku 

(契 糸 勺) no u-mu. 

to come into (of a contract, 

law, right), seirltsu {k^sL) s. 
Exit,D. (act of going out) deru koto ; 

taijo (退 禱) ; (of an actor) hikkoml ; 

(way out) de-guchi. 

Exo(le,.n. 5d2 霞 e (大詰). 

Exodus, n. (0. T.) ideH; sJmisu- 

£fjiJpto-kt. '• 
Ex officio, hiramhoJcu (官職) ni 

yotte ; sJiokken (^f§.) de, or f wo 


Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 300 ] 


Exonerate, t.v. (from a duty) menjo 
(f^ 除) s ; (from an accusation, etc.) 
menso {^Wi) s. 

to from blame, wa/kicasJii- 

isu fja nai to mitome-ru. 

Exoneration, n. menso (免!^). 

Exorbitance, n. hogwai (法タ 卜) ; 
kwabun (過分) ; bicado (過度) ; tohd 
mo nai koto. 

Exorbitant, a. hdr/wai (法ク 卜) na ; 
Jqicahun (過分) na ; toko mo nai ; 
messd na ; meppo na. 

to ask an price, rLogical na 

ne wo ill. 

Exorbitantly, adv. hdgwai (法 タト) 
ni ; kicahnn (過分) ni ; toho mo 
naku ; hijd (弗 常) ni ; meppo ni ; 
messd ni. 

ExorcivSe, t.v. harau ; ou ; harai- 
klyome-rit ; ni/akuma wo harau. 

JExorcism, n. harai-Jciyome ; o harai ; 
akuma-harai ; yaku-haral. 

Bxordiuiii, n. (oratory) chogen (絡' 
言) ; makiira. 

Exostosis, n. koistiryfi (骨 瘤). 

Exotic, a. gwaikoJcu (外 國)? lO ; haku- 
rai (身 S 來) no ; icatari no ; gwairal 
(夕 ト來) no ; gwaikokusan (夕 卜 國產) no. 

JExotic, n. (iDlant) gwairai no uemono ; 
(word) gwaikokii 國) no Icotdba. 

Expand, t.v. (develop) dklkii s ; 
hiroge-ru ; kicafsudai {M^) «^ s; 
shinchb (#51) s ; kwakucho (擴 張) s ; 
tenkai (Jg^) s •, (of a hard body) 
hiraku ; haru ; (of a soft substance) 
hocho (膨 M) sase-ru ; fukurasu ; 
(open) hiraku. 
to the chest, mune wo hcvni. 

Expand, i.v. (develop) okiku nam ; 
liirocjaru ; kwafsudai 大) ni nam ; 
shinchb ゆ 張) ,s' ; kwakuchd (擴 張) s ; 
tenkai (Jgp) s ; (of a hard substance) 
ImrxL ; (of a soft substance) hocho 
(膨] 3^) s ; fulaire'ru ; (open) hiraku. 
Expanse, n. hirogari ; hydbd 茫) 
faru koto ; hydhaku (iHj) 漠) torn jcoto ; 
(of sky) tailcyu [ k^) ; sbky fi (蒼 攣). 

an of, hiroi. 

an of water, midzii no hyd^w- 

taru koto. 

Expansibility, n. bochosei (膨 gg 
性) ; }}5ch5shitsu (膨脹 赏) ; (malleabi- 
lity) tensei (展性). 

Expansible, a. hdchdsel (膨 腺 性) 
no ; hochdshitsu (膨 腺赏) no. 

to be , hdchoshitsiL (膨脹 貧) 

no mono de aru ; hochosei (麼腺 性) 
no mono de aru. 

Expansion, n. .hocho (膨膨 ; 
kwaisudai (fij /c) ; shincho (伸張); 
(act of) equiv. of Expand foil, by 
koto : (of a country) kwaJawho (擴 
張) ; hocho (膨脹). 

and contraction, shiiishiiku 

(伸縮). ^ 

people talk about the of 

the mind by travel, taM ico 

sum to kokoro ga iv.rohu nam to 

triple (adjectively), sanju- 

renkicanshlJd (三 金聯關 ^) no. 

Expansive, a. (widely extended) 
hiroi ; hydhaku (illl! 漠) tarn ; hyobo 
(ifl^ 茫) t.iru ; endai (遠大) '"ひ. 

JGxpaii sively, adv. Mroku ; hydhaku 
(igjj^) to sidle ; hyohb (iljjjj'jt) to shite ; 
endai (?^ 大) ni ; hiro-hiro. 

Ex parte, a. ippo (一方) 铺 ; ippen 
yori no. 
statement, k'rita l ucid. 

Expatiate, i.v. dklku iu ; f uen (敷 
^{(f) s ; oshi-Jdraite iu ; li-nobasu. 

Expatiatioii, n. faen (敷お テ) ; dklku 
iu koto. 

Expatriate, t.v. (banish) isuiho{}^ 
放) s ; hdchiku (放逐) s. 

to one's self, kiinl kara tcii- 

kyo (退去) s; ム 0", ゾ た M (本 國) vjo 

JEximtriatiOD, n. (banishment) 
tsuiho (追放) ; hdchiku (放逐). 

Expect, t.v. (look for) expr. by the 
future of the verb foil, by tolomou, 
tolzonji-ru, or to/yoJci (豫 期) shite oru ; 
(require) nozomu ; (wait) matsu. 

I shall you, o machi mdshi- 

- mas no. 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 


[ 301 ] 


Expect, i.T. as I ed, an (案) no 

gotohu ; an, no jo (按ノ )【iO. 

as I had ed, hatashite ; yoki 

shita tori ; h-ingae dori ni ; nozomi- 
(Idri nl. 

just as I ed, ("i (案) ul 


Expectancy, n. to wait in a 

state of , macld-moh eie oru ; 

machi'kanef e oru. 

Expectation, n. hoh-oromachl ; 
yoki ; (hope) Idhd (希望) ; (of a re- 
sult) mi-sue ; ml-aie ; mokv.ieli ; 

"beyond , hd(/imi タト). 

does not come up to s, 

nozoml no tori ni ilcanu ; omou'a- 

shiku nai. 

in the of, no Isumorl de ; no 

mi-aie de ; wolate-konde. 

to "be disappointed in one's 

, (de rja hadzure-ru. 

Expectorate, i.v. tsvJjaki wo s ; ian 
ICO halm. 

Expectoration, n. (act of) fsnbahi 
sxiru koto ; tin wo hahu koto. 

Expediency, 11. hmrl (便利) ; hoben 
(方便) ; もり!/ jl (便宜) ; (question 
whether expedient or not) fokuslntsu 
. (m- 失). 

for the sake of , henrl no 


Expedient, n. (for raising money) 
sand an ; kumen ; (means) kufu (X 
夫); hdhd (方法); shudan (手段);' 
(shift) saJai (ft) ; horyaku (方: ; 
Iceiryaku (計 畧) ; bempd (便 方), 
a good …… , yoi kufu (工夫). 

a temporary , ibza (當 座) no 

ma-ni-awase ; kembo (權 謀) ; ma- 
ni-awase ; hoben (方便 i ; (politics) 
UUsahu (彌縫 策). , 

Expedient, a. henri (便 利) no yoi ; 
tsugo (都合) no yoi ; hoben {^^) no ; 
hengi 宜 j no yoi. 

to be , tame ni nam ; toku de 


Expediently, adv. oengi (便宜) ni ; 
hengijd ; &e れ ァぶ (便禾 yoku ; 

hengi (H^t) yoku ; tsugo {M^) yoku. 

JUxpefllte, t.v. hahadorase-ru ; rachi- 

to be d, hakadoru ; rachi ga 


Expedition, n. (haste) kyusoku (急- 
速) ; shiiisok'.u {#)^) : jinsoku (迅 
速 i ; (mil., or scientific) ensei (遠征) ; 
(party of explorers) fankenfai (探險 
隊) ; (troops themselves) enseir/un (逮 
征草) ; enseltil (遠征隊) : (pimitire) 
semtsu (征伐). 

to use , feki-pald s. 

with , (e-hayaku ; ky/lsoku 

ni ; shlns'oku (f 冲 速) nl ; mssoku 


Kxpeditionary, a force, 

- enseJrfun (遠征? p:). 

Kxpeditioiis, a. shlnsoku (神速) 
na ; hakahauxisliii ; iebmjai ; jinsoku 
(迅速) na- 

Expe (1 it iousl y, adv. shlnsoku (if ゆ 
速) nl : hnplsoJvii [M^jM) れふ ; halca- 
hakasldku ; te-hayahu ; iek'ipakt to. 

Kxpol, t.v. ol-dasu ; kuchiku (驅逐 ) 
s ; Jidchiku (放 ミ E) s ; opparau ; 
ol-harau ; (banish) fsuihd (^放) s ; 
(from an association) jornel (除:^) s ; 
(from school) mjtaigaku (jSi^) u'o 
meiji-ru ; ni/ tailed (i^ 校) sase-ru ; ico/ 
hoko (放校) s ; (matter) hfdsJmisu (おき 
出 は 

Expend, t.v. mockU-ra ; tsuiyasu ; 
(waste) tohl (徒 琴) s ; rohi (M^J) s. 
to on, ni kake-ru. 

Expenditure, n. Idyo {^}^) ; nya- 
hi (入費); shishutsu (女 S); irika ; 
iriyd ; nyiiyd (人 用); (annual) saiM 
(鼓 費); saisJmtsu (鼓 出); (miscel- 
laneous) zappl (雜 費、. 

continuing , leizokuhl (ま櫞 

續 a). 

current , kelhi (經 費). 

extraordinary , rinjihi (臨 ni》 


fixed …... , keijdhl (經常 費 )- 

national , kokuki (陶 費). 

receipts ana , shfishi (妝 支)' 

jExDense, n. mono-iri ; ivyiijjo (入 
用); nyWii (入費); hiyd (費; H) ; iri- 
me ; shuppi (出費); (wastenilnessj 
sanzai (散財). 

Hosted b ん OO ヌ 

マ T,, 


[ 302 ] 


actual s, jippi (實 費). 

at the public , koH (公費) 


police s, kelsaisuhi (警察 費). 

regardless of , kane ni aka- 

shite ; nyiilii ico kamawadzu ni. 

useless , muda-dzukai ; iohi 

(徒費) ; rdhi (浪費). 

various s, z,i (雜 費); <o- 

yo (雜 fll). 

Expensive, a. isuie no a I ; nyahi (人 
費) no di ; (dear) takai ; koryd {m 
料) na ; mono-iri na ; kdl"t (i^i 慣) 
na ; kojUci (高 ぼ.) na. 
to be , (iku kakaru. ' 

Expensively, adv. (of living) zei- 
tciku 睪) ni. 

Experience, n. kelken (經驗 ) ; vo- 
ren (老練); (skill) j"'"rm (熟練); 
remma (練磨). 

a man of , rorenka (老練家) ; 

jukurenka (f》 練 家); heikenk t (經 
驗 家). 

practical ,jlkken (KSi)- 

to have ol, wo/keUcen (經驗 ) 

to recount one's 

dan (經 歷談) KO s. 


Experience, t.v. shiru ; (liai'dsliip) 
nam.e-vu ; expr. also by the intrans. 
and passive forms of appropriate 

to anxiety, shimpd. しじ、 西 ヒ) 


to sorrow, ka 滅 shhnu. 

to the contempt of others, 

hito ni mi-kudasare ru. 
Kxp^rleiiced, a. mireta ; jakuren 
shita ; roi^en sJdfa ; rokj (老ぷ 力) no ; 
remma (^^) shUaru. 

Experiment, n. kokoroml : tmne- 
shi ; jiJcken (實驗 ) ; shikm (一 驗). 

for ,s sake, kokoromi ni. 

to make an , (examine) shl- 

Icen (1^ 驗) .9 ; (try) koJcoromlru ; 
tameshite mi-ru. 

Experimental, a 

shikm {^^) no. 

mining*, (試掘). 

Experimentally, ndY.-kokoromite ; 
iameshite ; shiken (試 驗) shite. 

Expert, a. jodzu ( h 手) れな ; tassha 
(達者) na ; remmn (練磨) shitaru ; 
roren (老 i^) shitaru ; selkb (精巧) 
na ; ude no tasshita. 
in, nil akaru'i. 

Expert, n. eteta hlto ; kuroto ; taisu- 
jin (達 入); meij'm (名人); taito (泰 
斗) ; rorensha (老練 者) ; (connois- 
seur) kantelka (^定 家) ; (specialist 
in farming, etc.) glshi (^feilrfi). 

an in, nijakarui hiio. 

an in handwriting', s:hu- 

seld (手 醉) no kantelka (璧定 家). 

opinion (written), kanteisho 

(鑒定 書). , 

witness, kcmieinln (璧定 入) 

[Civ. Pro., Cr. Pro.]. 

Expertly, adv. jodzu ni. ; selkb (椅 巧) 

ni ; roren (老練) ni. 
Expertness, n. equiv. of Expert 

foil, by koto. 
KxDiate, t.v. cifjanmi ; tswiunm. 
Expiation, n. a g anal ; tsugunai ; 

shokuzal (膜 罪) ; tsurni-horoboM ; 

l^xpi ration, n. (of time) mdnki (ffg 

期); alee; Jdr/en-manryd (期限 滿 了); 

oicari ; shimai. 
Expire, i.v. (die) ikl wo hikl-toru ; 

wa]iki. qa tae ru ; shiho (死亡) s ; 

hukko ('物故) s; shikyo (死去) s; 

zetsu-niel (||^) s; Jm/yo (崩御) s 

[of an Emperor] ; (of a perioa) icire- 

rii ; imnk'i ni nam ; tsvJd-ru ; oicaru ; 

ake-ru ; manryo (滿 了) s. 
Expiring', a. (dying) hmica no khca 

no ; dammatswna no. 
ExDlaiii, t.v. toki-akasu ; kaimel (^? 

明) .9 ; selsumel (說 明) .s' ; kaiseisu 

mw s ; kaishnka mm) ん 

to away (as one's fault), 


to ...... matters, koto ico uaJce-ru. 

:Exi)laiiation, n. (act of) toki- 
akashi ; seisumei (W^) ; '菌 i (解 
明) ; kaisetsu {%Wt) ; (ground) 
iicare ; icake ; shidai (:^ 第); (mean- 
ing) iml (意味) ; yakkai (譯 解) ; clm- 
.s 、ム a /ひ I ( 註 釋); CM ん "r (註解); (vjii- 
dication) ii-wal e ; moshl-w ひ ke ; ven- 
hnl (辯 解). 

Hosted by 



[ 303 ] 


of signs (used in a diagram), 

honrei (凡 荷). 

to call tor an from, wo/ 


to demand an from, ic'of 

Jatsumon (| 吉問) s. 

Explanatory, a. slMkal no ; 

(of interpretation) chukal (註^?) no ; 
yakkai (譯 解) no. 

statement, setsuinelsho (說 

明 書); (exculpatory) henkaisho 
(倉 舟 i 書) ; (giving reasons) rlyusho 
(理由 書). 

JExpletive, n. (bad language) ak-kb 
(惡 口); u'ctru-kv.cJd. 

Explicit, a. meihaku (明白) na ; mel- 
ryd (明亮) na ; melseki (明晰) na ; 
hakJdri shita ; shika to shita ; utarjai 
no na'i ; hanzen (^Jf^fc) no. 

Explicitly, adv. meihaku (明 | さ) ni ; 
meiryo (ly-jfl^) ni ; utfKjai n dcu ; hak- 
kiri to ; aJcirakri ni ; sh ? 7.' t to ; han- 
zen (判然) to. 

JbJxplicitiiess, n. meihaku na koto ; 
meiryo (明瞭 j na koto ; melseki (明 哳) 
na koto ; uta'ja/i no nal l oio ; hanzen 
(判然) sh'itn koto. 

Explode, t.v. hardsu (被 裂) sase ru ; 
hakuretsu (爆裂) sase-ru ; (jdhaisu (森 
, ぬ sase-ru. 

Explode, i.v. hane-ru ; hardsu (破裂) 
.9 ; haJniretsu (爆裂) .v ; gbhatsu 
發) s. 、 
Exploit, n. tecjam ; kbmyo (功名); 
. kx>seki (功' 镇-) ; kunkb (审; |j 功) ; h'bro 
(功 勞). 

Exploit, t.Y. (make use of) riyb (利 
用) s ; (new country) kaihatsu (開發 j 
s ; kaifah'u (開拓) .v. 

Exploitation, n. rlyd (利 /H) suru 
koto ; (of a forest) hassai (t^ 採) ; 
(of a new country) kaihatsu ; 
kaUctku (開拓). 

Exploration, n. (act of) equiv. of 
Explore foil, by koto ; (of a, coun- 
try) tamho (探訪) ; tanken (探 檢). 

Explore, t.v. (a country) tunken (探 
檢) s ; iosa (蹈查 ) s : no/jihumi ico s ; 
(science) henkyu 外究) .v. 

Explorer, n. tankenka (探檢 家); 
tankensha (探檢 者). 

Explosion, n. hardsu (破裂) ; gd- 
hat.m (樣發 ) ; hakurdsu (ま 裂) ; (act 
of) eqiiiv. of Explode foil, by koto. 

JExplosive, n. haJmhatsubidsu (爆發 
419) ; hakuretsuhutsu (爆裂' j 勿). 

Explosive, <i power, hahu- 

hatsuryoku (爆錢 力). 

shell, bakiiret Sudan (爆裂 

彈) ; hami-kbdan (破 碎咆彈 ). 

JExpoiieilt, n: ddhijosha (代表^); 
(math.) ghlsu (指数). 

Export, t.v. yushutsu (': 喻出) s; 

Export, n. (act of exporting) yu- 
shutsu (輸 出 ) ; (article exported) yu- 
s'huisu-hiii (^出品). 

Exportation, n. yitshafsu (輸 出 ). 

Exporter, n. yu.<ihi(tsn-nm (輸出 人). 

Expose, t.Y. (a child) suie-ru ; (a 
crime) arawa.m ; (put out) da shite 
oku ; arawasu ; (show) mise-ru ; (to 
the sun or to public gaze) sarasu. 

to be d (of a crirae, etc.), 

. roken (露 顯) s ; araicare-ru. 

to be d to the evening' 

dew, yo-fmiyu ni ntare-ru. 

to be d to the public gaze, 

sarashi-mono ni naru. 

to be d to the rain, ama- 

zaras?d ni natte orii. 

to be d to the weather, 

fiiu (風雨) ni sarasare ru. 

to one's life, ichiraei loo 

nage-utsu ; Inochl wo Jcr(ke-ru ; mei 

(命) too to (賭) s. 

to the person (indecently), 

sliidai (^fl) wo araKasu. 

to to tlie sun, hi ni ate-ru. 

JExpositioii, n. (expounding) kb- 
shaku (講