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Tke Jncient and Present State qfaUthe Rectariest Vicarages f Donatives, and 
Impropriations, their Formtr and Present Patrons and Incumbents, with their 
sevenU Vabtations in the King's Books, whether discharged or not : 




EpUaphs^ Inscriptions, and Arms tit all the Parish Churches, and Chapels ; vdth> 
several Draughts of Churches, Monuments, Arms, Ancient Ruins, and other 







Not patriae fitiesy et dalcia scriptimus aiva. Viiig. 






• •• 

w , w k * k 

B V 

k » k ^ k 



IwiNo Canute, on his foundation of the abbey of St. Bennet 9^ 
Holm, gave the lordship of this hupdred to it, or rather granted by 
Edward the Confessor, on his confirmation of their possessions/ 

In the 12th of King John, Peter de Hobois recovered seisin of it, 
:with the manors of Inurgarton, and Antineham, and the stewardship 
of the abbey, for the fine of 20 marks, ana one palfrey, paid to the 
King, which he claimed against the abbot. 

In the 23d ofHenry III. Sir Peter de Hobois, released to the abbot 
all his right herein, and in the 34th of that King, it was valued at 6 
marks per aim. 

Sir William de Redham,}}y deed sans date, released to the abbot, alt 
his right in the fishery of the water between fVeybridge, and the abbey, 
and Alexander, son oi Alexander de Wroxham, ail his ri^ht in the fishery 
of the water, between Wroxham and Grabbard^s ferry. 

In the 15th of Edwijrd I. the jury present the abbot to be lord, 
and that he paid to the King 28;. in a quitrent (de alba Jirma) for 
k, and was said to be worth 9 marks per ann. 

The jury in the 38lb of Edward 111. present, that whereas the com- 
monaUv of Norfolk ought to have 'the fishery of the river running 
from fveybridge, to Fretenham mouth, and so on to Bastwick bridge ; 
the abbot had appropriated it to himself, und likewise the water from 
Weybridge, to Horning ferry ; the abbot pleads that King Edward 
III. being willing to know to whom the water of the river to Wrox* 
ham-Brigg belonged, directed his writ to Sir John Howard, eschtietor 
of Norfolk, and to Robert Clere, and by their inquisition it was found 
that Edward the Confessor confirmed to the abbot, the manor of 
Homing, of which the water fvoai Weybrigg to Wroxham Brigs, is 
parcel, (except only that the Earl of Norfolk as lord of South Walsnam, 
ought to have between Weybrigg and Grubbard*s Ferry, two nets, 
called seyns, to fish in the said river) and that the abbot had enjoyed 
it. After which the King confirmed it, May 18, in his 19th year; and 

■ Re^. Abb. dc Hulnx>, foL 6, 116^ 140, 150, 
▼OL. XI. B 


as to Fretenham MotUhf to Bastwick Brigg^ the abbot pleads thilt he 
is lord of the manor of Thime, on one side, and of Horning on the 
other, which extend from Thirn'Ferry towards Bastwick Brigs, and 
that he had the sole fishery thereof by prescription, and for the rest 
of the water from Thim-Fcrry, to Bastwick Brigg, the Coantess of 
Huntington hath parcel thereof/and for the rest J^An Fas^o^hath it« 

At the dissolution of abbies it came to the Crown, and on the ex- 
change of lands betweenKing Henry VHI. and the Bishop of Nor- 
wich, was granted to that see, and was valued with the hundred court 
at $/. per ann* 

This hundred made up, with that of Happing, the deanery of fVaX" 
ham. , 

In 1326, Jeffl de Boudone was collated to it by the Bishop, and in 
1335, John de Bermerc; in 1352^ William de Brandon. 


W A 8 the lordship of the abbot of Holm, and being accounted for 
under the abbot's manor of Hoveton, or Hqfion, is not mentioned in 
the Conqueror's survey* 

Thomas de Helmingham, and Agnes, daughter of Richard de Wick^ 
tewood, impleaded the abbot in the 14th of Edward I. for the moiety 
of 15 messuages, 99 acres of land, 6 of meadow, 10 of marsh, 3s. 6d* 
rent here and in Hoveton, &c. but the said Thomas w)on after released 
all his right herein, and in the gth of Edward IL the abbot was re- 
turned to be lord, and several other lordships extendedinto this town. 

On the exchange of lands, 8cc. (made on the Dissolutio^) of this 
abbey between King Henry VIII.' and the Bishop of Norwich, it was 
granted to the see, and so continues. 

The tenths were 1/. 4s. — Deducted 45. 

The Chubch is dedicated to St. Swithin, and was a rectory appro* 
priated to the abbot of Holm, and valued in the reign of Edward I.^ 
at 5 Quarks ; Pe^^r-penoe I2d. and is now in the see of Norwich, and 
served by a stipendiary curate, nominated by the Bishop ; in 16Q3, 60 
oommunicants were returned to be in the parish. 

In the church was the guild of St. Stephen* 

On a grave-stone in the church. 

In memory of Honor Bacon, dhudUer of Edmund Bacon, Gent, poho 
lived virtuously, and died godly, beioved, and much lament^, a maiden 
IS years of age, on St. NZholas day, December 6, 1591* 

fionon Bacon, Jideli amid, suo iiich* Th€niilthorp,g<nero9Ui,pomt. 



B A R T O N, old writings^ Barton by Bromholm, and Barton Turf. 
The principal part of it^ or maooo was in thie reign of the Confessorj 
in the abbey of St. Benneft at Holm, at the survey, with half a caru- 
cate of land, and there was a borderer with a caincate and an acre of 
ineadowj valued at 5s. Ad. and one socman held 30 acre^ and 5 bor- 
derers, a carucate, and an acre of meadow, valued at lOs* 

Another part was possessed by 3 socmen, with 33 acres, and 3 bor- 
derers, with a earucate, valued at 7'* 

There was also in King EdwarcTs time, one socman, who had l6 
acres of the abbot, and Ralph, Barl of Norfolk, valued at l6d, and £ 
chorches with 33 acres, valued at \5d. 

In the time of Edward the Confe'ssor, Alfric Modercoppe, a noble, 

ve Berton (quere if not this town) to St. Bennet's abbey of Holm. — 

:eist. Niger de Bury, l67. 

Udo^ the arbalistar, an officer of the cross bowmen, held here, in 
Wirstede^ and Dilham, a knight's fee of the abbot, which Rembert 

Albert Grelley, by deed sans date, released to the abbot all his right 
in lands here;^ and in the 14th of Edward I. Odo de Smatburgh held 
the fourth part of a fee of him, and the manor of the abbot was cal- 
led KybaUTs. 

In 1426, the temporalities of the cellarer were valued at 4l«. 9d. 
and those of the sacrist at 26f • %d. 

At the general Dissolution, on an exchange between the King and 
the Bishop of Norwich for lands^ this was granted to the see, and re- 
mains so at this time. 

Ral^h Lord Bainard was also lord of a manor at the survey, which 
Jeffrejf^ held of him, which 3 freemen possessed formerly, with 90 
acres of land, 12 borderers, with 2 carucates and a half, and an acre 
and half of meadow, valued at 24«. 8d. and the soc was in the -abbot 
of St. Bennet: the whole town was 10 furlongs long, and 6 broad, 
paid IQd. gelt, one of the said 3 freemen, with 30 acres, was so depend- 
ing on the abbot's soc, that he conld not part with, or leave his land, 
without his grant.' 

^ * In B'tiwa tenet semp. s. b. T.R.E. mitis T.R.E. xvi ac. val. xvid. et ii ec- 

dim. car. tre. sep. i bor. et i car. et i ac< ^ li xicxiiyac. val. xvd. 
pti. val. V sol. et iiiid. in eade' i soc. * Reg. Abb. de Hulmo. fol. 5. 
zxx ac. et v bor. i car. i ac. pti. val. z ^ lb. fol. 33. 
sol. 5 Terra Radulii Bainardi—*In B'tu. 

In B'tuna iii soc. xxkiii ac. sep. iii na ten. Gaosfrid*. iii lib. ho'es lxxx]^ 

bor. i car. val. vii sol. ac. sep. xii bor. ii car. et dim. p'ti. et 

In B'tuna i soc. .sd. B. et Rad. Co- val. xxiiii sol. et viiid. sci. b. soca' et 



This was held by the family of De Skeyion^ of the Bainards ; in 
1290, Sir John de Skeyton, son of Sir Robert^ was lord, and died in 
lb03 . Sir Ralphs his son, was lord, and held it of Sir Fulk Bainard, 
in 1315, and iu the £Oth of Edward III. Elizabeth, late wife of Henry 
Pagfy was foQpd to hold the 5th part of a fee of Reginald le Groos, 
which Henry Page lately held. 

John Jtnny possessed it in the 3d of Henry IV. under Oliver le 
Groos, and John Linford of Stalham, by his will dated August %, in 
the 34th of Henry VI. 1456,* orders his manor of Bury, or Burgh 
hall, in Barton ro be sold. Agnes Calthorpe, held it for life in the 
9th of Henry Vli. and the reversion was in John Wychingham, Esq. 
and Ann his wife. 

In the 3d of Elizabeth, John Gerard, Gent, was lord of BartonfBu" ' 
ry^kall, and in the 21st of that Queen, license was granted to Richard 
Jenkinson to alien the 3d part of the said manor. 

This lordship was granted April 13, in the 36th of Henry VIII. to 
Sir William Woodhouse, Knt. with the manor of lAnfords in Stalham, 
&c, part of the possessions of Heringby college in Noffolk, and pay-^ 
ing I2s,4d. ob. fee farm rent per ann. 

Hugh Attefen, founder of the said college, gave it by will in 1465. 

The manor of £ees^on extended into this town, held by John de 
Leem, 8cc. of the abbot of St. Bennefs, which John de Cockfield for- 
merly held.' 

The tenths were 4l, 5s. 6d. — Deducted 1/. 6s. Sd. 

The Chukch is dedicated lo St. Michael, and was a rectory in the 
presentation of the abbot and convent of St. Bennet of Holm, valued 
at 13 marks; in the 18th of Richard II. it was appropriat<iKl to it, 
and a vicarage endowed, valued now at 3/. 13s. 4d. and is discharged. 

The Bishop of Normch has the rectors appropriated to the see, and 
is patron of the vicarage. 

The priory of Bromnolm had a portion of tithes, valued at 4s. 

In King Edward the First^s reign, the rector had a manse, with 30 
acres.— Pe/cr-pence lid. 


1309* Peter de Swaffham, instituted, presented by the abbot of St, 

NiCf de Creyk, rector. 
1347, William de Chevele, occurs rector. 
1366, John Woodhall. 
1393, Henry Wells, alias Walton. 

totu' ht ' X qr. in longo et vi in lat« et xv erat ita see. ac. Sci Bened. et nullo 
g* &c. un. ex illis tribus cum xxx ac« do. posset recedcre. 

^ Reg. Brosyard, foL 3^* 



1S98» John Chime, vicar, presented by the abbot. 
141 ly Simon Palmer* 
14^^ And. Cok. 

Andrew Ket, Ticar. 
1'456» John Edwin. 
1497> John Cubit. 
149H, Thomas Cann. 
i500f Roger Umfrey. 
1503, Thomas Cook. 
1517, mUiam Gilbert. 
155 1, JoAi» Coulingham. 

John Jsktttyl^ vicar. 
15579 John Burroughs by the Bishop. 

lo67, William Green; in l60d, he certified that there were ISO 

Itll 1, Thomas Bygrde. 

1633, Thomas Lushingiah^ S.T.P. 

Richard Jackson. 
167 1> Charles Preston. 

Robert Bamgfield. ^ 
17S9> Charles Thomas, by the Bishop. 
17^7> William Hay, A.m. by the King. 
1762, Henry HoaicUey, by the Bishop. 
Bishop Reynolds augmented this vicarage with l6hper ann. 

In a chapel on the south side of the church. 

Here are laid uiider this stone in the cley, 

Thomas Amys, and his wyffe Margery. 

Sometime we were, as you now be, 

And as we be, after this shall ye. 

Of the goods as God had, the said Thomas lent. 

Did make this chapell of a good intent. 

Wherefore they desire of you that be. 

To pray for them to the last eternity. 

I beseech all people far and ner. 

To pray for me Thomas Amys heartily, - 
« Which gave a mesbooke, and made this chapel here. 

And a suit of blew damask also gave I. 

Of God \5\l, and 5 yere, 
I the said Thomas deceased verily, 
^nd the Aith day of August, was buried here.^ 

On whouse soul God have mercy. 

In the chancel, 

Hicjacet Joh. Idewyn, nup. vicarius istius eccle qui dedit ad usam 
gusd. eeclie unum integrum vestimentum de rubro velvet, et qui ob. (25^. 
~» Martif 1497. 


In the church were the arms of Fahtolf, Kerdeston, Baspoole^ ar- 
gent, a chevron embattled between three lionels sable ; and Shardebow* 
'^Baspoole^ and Bemev ; and here were the i^uilds of Jegus, St. Mi^ 
chael, St, Mary, and St. Thomas, with the hghts of the Trinity, St. 
Nicholas, St. Erasmus, St. Catherine, St. Agatha, and 4 ploagh lights. 

In the steeple are 5 bells. 


'Th 1 8 town does not occor in the Book of Domesday, being part of 
the manor of Trunch, or Gymingham, belonging to William Earl fVar'^ 
ren, and therein accounted for. 

, John Earl- Warren, was lord in the 12th of Edward IL he settled it 
on Thomas Earl of Lancaster, and his descendant, Henry Duke of 
Lancaster, on his accession to the Crown, held it, and it is part of that 
dutchy at this time, and in the Crown. 

Simon Atte Chirche of Gymingham, in the 35th of Edward I. 
granted to Sir Walter de Norwich, the yearly rent of 3s« Sd. q* of his 
tenants, with 3 of his nativesi cum totis sequelisJ 

William de Repps held lands of the Earl in the 9th of Edward II. 

In the l6th of Elizabeth, Ed. Germyne held the manor of Bra^ld, 
of the Queen, in capite, and Ambrose Germyne was found to be his 
next heir. Escheat* 

Tlie tenths were 6/. 145.— Deducted 3/. 

The temporalities of Walden abbey in this town, were 40d.; of St. 
• Bennefs at Holm, 32s. Sd. ob.; of Coxford, 3s.; of the Sacrist of Bury, 
44<. id.ob. 

The Church had two medieti^Sj or portions; one belonged to the 

{iriory of Coxford valued at 5 marks ; there were l&. rent here be- 
onging to lOl.per ann. given to Bury by King Richard I. 

The abbot, &c. of Bury had the other mediety, valued at 5 marks ; 
and a manse, with 2 acres of land belonged to it in Edward the First's 

time ; P^^f r-pence Qd. and the church was dedicated to St. Giles, 

and is a rectory ; the present valor is 6/. and is discharged. 


In 13 10, William de Wytheresfeld was instituted, by papal provision, 
the presentation being in Bury abbey. 

1 Reg. Coll. de Metiogham, fol. 24* 


131S, Jef. de Clara, by the abbot of Btiiy. 

Idi4> fVilliam de Whitcherche. Ditto^ 
Bartholomew de Banham, reclor* 

1324y Simon de Foxton. 

1342. Sim. de Thirlow. 

1348, Robert theree. 
. 1362^ Nicholas Thyn, by the Kiogf in the vacancy of an abbot. 

1373, Roger Locksmith. 

1384, Ralph Gunton. 

1S89> John Hervey. 

1393, John Bailing. 

1395, John Skarlet. 

1406^ Henry Wilton. 

If alter Banyard, died rector 1422* 

1442, Thomas Alyard. 

1447, fViltiam Emmyng. 

1491, Edmund Coke. 

1503, Richard Coke. 

1512, i2o6frt Barton. 

1540. Christopher Baxter. 

15^8, J2a6^r/ CcM:ft«, by TAoinas Duke of Norfolk. 

Id the 4th of Edward VI. .)fay 20, JoAii Dtid/eiv Earl of Warwick, 
iiad a grant from tlie King, of Coxford portion, 8cc« and the reversioa 
of that to the Dake of Norfolk, with the patronage of the chorch. 

1564, William Fasset. Ditto. 

1582, Christopher Tracy^hy William Dix, 8&c.; in l603j he returned 
1 13 comiminicants ; the late Earl of Arundel was patron of one moiety 
4u be certified, and another moiety was impropriate and held by John 

1629, Edmund Gay^ rector. 
Thomas Rolje, rector. 

I66l. Thomas Campbell, by William PlayUrs, &c. 

1677, Joseph Ransome, by Henry Earl of Norfolk. 

1709> Fran. Gardiner, by Thomas Duke of Norfolk. 

John Gallant, presented by Charles Duke of Somerset, and 
the University of Cambridge. 

1716, Mr. John Gallant, and rector in 1747* 

1755, Valentine Lumley, by the Earl of Effingham. 

1758, William Willianu, by ditto! 

The roofs on the east part of the isles have been curiously painted 
with the history of the Saints, whose chapels were there. 

In. the church were the guilds of St. Giles f and St. JEra^muf.— The 
roaydens light, that of Solmess, and I find a legacy to the making of 
the steeple in 1503. 



XVALPH Lord Bainard had a grant of this lordship ; and at the survey^ 
Geffrey (Baynard) held it under Ralph; 12 freemen in King Edward^s 
time bad 150 acres of land, and there were 12 borderers, with l6 
acres of meadow, and 3i carucates and an half, valued at 27s. at the 
survey at 22s. 4J; the whole was one leuca long, 7 furlongs broad, and 
paid \0d. gelt. St. Benncfs abbey had the commendation of a moiety 
of one of these, and the soc of them all.^ 

Several persons appear to have had interests herein :• in the reign 
of Kins llenry III. Fulco Baynard had a part of it, held of Robert 
FitZ'ty alter of the barony of Baynard.^ 

Henry Crqmeyt and his parceners, John de Gymingham, John de 
Tybenham, held here, &c. one fee of John de Skeiton, of the said 

WiUiafn, son of Roscelinef and Letia, or Lucia bis wife, had the 
principal part in the 12th of the aforesaid King, and in the 20th, be- 
ing widow of William, bad the patronage of the church. 

Jn the d2d of Edward I. Ralph, son of Sir John de Shegeton, a 
minor, possessed it under Sir Fulk Baynard, who granted his wardship, 
and marriage to John Fastolf of Yarmouth, who sold it to Sir Thomas 
Bavent ; and in the 9th of Edward II. JVilliam de Kerdeston, Peter 
Roscelyne, and the heirs of Edward Burrell, John de Gymingham, &c. 
were lords, and William Gambon and Cecilia his wife had the rent of 
ISs. 4d. Richard was his son and heir, in the 17th of Richard 11. ^ 

Roger de Boys, Henry Batele, and Henry de Lesineham, held half 
a fee of the barony of Baynard, in the ^A of Henry I V . and John AS" 
lak, by his will, in 1434, desires to be buried by the altar of the Bles- 
sed Virgin in this church, and that Annora should hav« his manoc of 
Costyns in this town, and the advowson of the church, and his execu'^ 
tors to sell the reversion.' , Annora was. his 2d wife, and relict of 
Henry Lesingham. 

After this it was possessed by John Bishop, of Norwich, Gent, who 
by his will in 1497> requires to be buried in St. Michael Coslany's 
church o( Norwich, and William his son died lord in 1545, of Coston*s 
manor, and patron, and was buried at Marsham; he gives it for life 
to Margaret his wife, and appoints bis brother-in-law, Edmund Lom-^ 
ner, supervisor. 

* Terra R. de Batnard i In Crost* in lato. q'c'q; ibi tenent et xd. de g. sc. 

wit tenet Gaosfridus xii lib. ho'es CL Benedictus com'datione de uno dimidio 

ac. sep. xii bor. et xvi ac« p^ti. et iii car. Hoe*, et soca' sup. om's. 

et dim. tc. val. xxvii sol. et mo. xxxiis* ' Testa de Nevil. 

iiiid. et totu ht. i leug. in long, et vii qr« * Reg. Surflet Norw. pt« 2, foU 144* 


Sir Edmund Jenne^, by his will ia 1522, bequeaths the whole ma- 
nor of Croiiwfyt to my Lady Payghton, widue^ late wyff anto Sir 
Edmund Payghton, for certain years^ 8cc.^ 

Item, I wiUy that she, that shall be married to mv heir, by the as- 
tignment of that lady, her executors, or assigns, shall ha?e for her 
joynturct this manor by the same. 

Sir Edmund married Catherine, daughter and heir of Robert Bou^ 
son of Sir Roger, and brought this manor to him, which was in the 
Boi^s, &c. as above; and in the 38tb oi Henry Wilh John Gross, 
Esq. and Miles Gross, Gent, purchased it of Franc. Jenney, Esq. and 
Margaret his wife, with the moiety of Sloley manor ; and Miles Gross 
of this town, by bis will dated August 13, 1558, makes Thomas Gross 
his nephew, son of Thomas his brother, executor and heir to it, which 
John Gross, Bsq. and Elizabeth his wife had conveyed to the said 
Miles, by the name o( Crostweyt, or LefingharrCs mandr, in the 1st of 
Edward VI. and in this family it continued till sold by Charles It 
Groos, Esq. about 17£0, to Robert Walpole, Esq. 

Part of this town was also many centuries past in the Grosfs, or 
Groos% lords of part of this village. 

The Grosses are a very ancient family, and were settled at Sloley, 
near Crostwick, many centuries past; John Gross, and Miles above- 
mentidned, were the first that [ nnd to have any interest in both these 
lordships,/ahd to possess the whole town, where they seem to have 
settled about that time, and their posterity had«n agreeable old seat, 
called Crostwick'ttall: I shall therefore make choice of this place to 
give some account of this family from ancient records and vouchers* 

Sir Reginald le Gross was living in the time of King Stephen, and 
patron of Sloley, and had lands at Stalham ; his wife's name was Pe« 
Xronella ; one of the same name was living in the 12th of Henry III. 
and Sir Reginald le Gross, had a patent for a mercate at Worsted in 
the S7th ofthe said King.' 

Sir Reginald and Margery his wife were living in I£84, and gave 
lands in the 14th of Edward I. to Nicholas, abbot of Holm, 

Sir Reginald le Gross of Sloley was living in the 34th of Edward I. 
and bore quarterly, argent and azure, on a bend sable, three martlets, 
or; he married Joan ae Reedham. 

Adam, or Simon le Gross, was also living about this time, and mar- 
ried /fair/, daughter of Sir John Harsike* 

Adam le Gross, and Reginald his son, were witnesses to deeds in 
the reign of King John* 

* Reg. Briggs, fol. 10). ' > Reg. Abb* de Hulmo, foU 5 s, X43* 

▼01^. XU 




Sit Oliver le Grow of < 
Sloley, was living, as by 
£iies, in i6Ui and aoth of 
Edward I. son of Simon. 

• Alianorci daughter 
ofSirSimpn Felbriggg 
died 41 £dw. 3. 

Sir John le Gross^ occurs in ^ Anne« daughter of 
the 43 of Edward III* I Robert Clert* 

rs in ^ 

(sJ ^^' Jobn le Gross -p Elizabeth, daughter of Oliver. 

Sir John Tudenham. 

Joaai aauffhter 
of Sir John BAwes 
of Salle. 


fhj Sir Oliver le Gross, 
Kt. of Sloley, 

Joan, daughter of Sir 
John White of Shotcsham, 
oy Joan, daughter of Piers 
Novell of Swanington* 

/ ' ^ ■ — — ' — ' ^ 

Sim. le-t- Margaret, daugh- ad, John le-p Margaret, xst,JELowland«--—» daughter 


ter of Henry Ingloss, Gross^ Esq 
Knt. of Dilham. 

daughter of Gross. of— rThuxton 
Sir John He- of Thuxton ia 

veningham* Norfolk* 

fij Amitia, daugh* < 
ter and heir. 

-John Ashfield, John le Groos, 
Esq. son of John. 

Anne, daughter of 
Robert Herward of 
Al burgh, Esq* 

(kj John le Groos, Esq. -7-. Elizabeth, daughter of William Cobb, 

ODU jc \yroo5, esq. "y-, 
Ao. 3^, Hen. 8. | 

id, Milea. 

of Sandriogham, Esqi 

1st, Thomas la Groos, Esq. -j- Fran9es, daughter of Erasmus ad, Oliver, •• p. 

I Pastooy Esq. 

(IJ John, died, s. p. sd, Sir Thomas le Gross ^ Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Chtrleft 

Co/nwallis of Breme in Suffolk* 

Sir Charles- le Groos Muriel, daughter of Sir Thomas Knevet of Ashwellthorp. 

/ ■ \ 

ad, Charles, s. p« ist, Thomas le Groos, Catherine, -p Richard Harman of Wood-. 

Esq. s. p. I Dalling in Norfolk. ' 

^ 1 . 1 

ftd» Thomas Harman, s. p* ist» Charles Harman, Gent, -r- Elizabeth, eldest daughter 

alias le Groos. [ of William Turner, Gent. 

I £.112 

4th, Anne, daughter John Spilman, Esq. — , daughte r Thomas Weston. Es^* 

and co-heir. of Narburgh. and co-heir. of Abington Magna in 

« Cambridgeshire. 


In the \5ih of Edward IIL William le Groos was summoned to be 
a knight, and not appearing on his promise to take that order of the 
King when he should go to Scotland, had a supersedeas 'gthnted, 

(g) In the 46th of Edward IIL this manor was settled on Sir John 
h Gross for life^ and on John, Oliver, and William, his sonsj in tail. 



bj Sir John de Reymes his trustee, and in ld84| William Clere of Or- 
mesby, gave legacies to John and Oliver le Gross, sons of Sir John: 
Itegist. Harsike,foL 36, 

In the Close Rolls, Sir John Gross Is said to be son of Hugh, and 
brother and heir of fVilHam, Jo. 7, Richard IL 

(h) Oliver married two wives, and had three sons ; Symon, Jdhn, 
and Rowland; — gives by will in 1459, to John, the manor of /rs/ede^ 
and that of Malousels in Swanningtouy &c. See in Sloley and Irsted. 

John le Gross, Esq. buried about 1487, in St. Laurence church at 
Norwich : See in Irstead. 

Sir Oliver le Oroos had also three daughters; --Cathlrine, married 
io ^Edmund White of Shotesham, Esq. •-.-•-, to Robert Martham, 
of Martham, Esq. and Jane, to 'Sir William Yelverton, a judge. 

(i) William Wayte of Titleshale, Gent, and Thomas Gryne, of Hor- 
wich, Gent, were arbitrators between John Ashjield, and Rowldnd 
Gross, and John Gross in the 1st of Edward IV. on account of this 
manor, which Ashfield claimed in behalf of Amy his wife, cousin and 
heir of Sir John Gross, by virtue of a gifl made by Sir John Rheymes, 
Knt. Sec. to Sir John Gross, and it was adjudged to the heirs male, so 
that the aforesaid John Groos inherited it, and John his son, though 
some pedigrees say Robert vfM his son, and died seit^ed of Irstede, and 
this manor and John, who married Ann, daughter of Robert Herward, 
was his son and heir, in the 7th of Henry VII. 

(k) John le Gross, Esq. and Miles his brother, were living in the 
SSth of f/en/y VIII. and MiUs dying s.p. made Thomas Groos, his 
nephew, son of JoAn, his heir in 1558; John had hy Elizabeth his 
wife, six daughters — Amy^ married to Henry Falenger of Lynn, Gent. 

-^-Elizabeth, to Drake of litcham ; — Mary^ to Walter Hall 

of Norwich; — Thomasine, to Mr. Jonnes of Lynn; — Anne, io Thomas 
Quarles of Norwich, and Bridget, lo Thomas Read of Ringstead. 

(I) Sir Thomas le Groos was knighted by King James u May 11, 
1603, at the Charter' House^ London : he had a daughter Anne niar- 
ried to Nath. Bacon, Esq. of Freeston^hall in Sujffolk. 

Sir Charles, his son, had several daughters; — Muriel, married to 
Ralph Ward, of Horsted, — Bridget, to ■ Harman ;'^Frances, to 

Nicholas Barwell of Greys Inn ;-^Elizabeth, to Penelope; and 

Catherine, married to Richard Harman of Wood^Dalling in Norfolk; 
her brothers, Thomas and Charles le Gross, dying without issue, Tho* 
mas, left the estate of Crostwayt, to Thomas Harman, second son of 
Richard, by Catherine his sister, and Thomas dyine unmarried it came 
to Charles Harman his brother, eldest son of Richard and Catherine 
aforesaid; he took the name of Le Groos, and married Elizabeth, 
daughter of William Turner of North Elmham, attorney at law, and 
sister of Sir Charles Turner, Bart, of Warham, and sold this estate to 
Robert Walpqle, Esq. of Houghton (afterwards Earl of Orford) about 
the year 17^0^ whose grandson, the Right Honourable Earl of Orford, 
is the present lord. 

This Charles Harman le Groos, lefl two daughters and coheirs ; 

-, married H> Thomas Weston, Esq. of Ahinglon Magna, in Cam* 

bridgeshire ; and Anne,Xo John ,Spilman, Esq. of Sarburgh in Norfolk, 
and dying October 14, \73t), was buried in the church of Narburgh^ 
as his widow, Elizabeth, was in 17--. 

The tenths were 21. lOs.— Dedacted lOi. 


The anns of the ancient family of Ia Gross, were ;— quarterly, ar- 
gent and azure, on a bend over all sable, three mullets, or» 

The family of Herman lived at Rendlesham in Suffolk, hove azure, 
a chevron between three coople of rams counter passant, or tripping 
argent, quartering in the 2d argent, a chevron, gules, between three 
leopards heads, or faces, sable, in a bordure engrailed, azure, Newport 
•—in the 3d, or, on three chevrons, gules, nine lis, argent, Fitz Ralph; 
and in the4th,M£/€, three martlets, argerU, Nauii^on ;—crest> a demy 

The Church of Crostweyt is dedicated to Jll-Saints, and is a rec- 
tory ; it appears by a fine levied in the 20th of Henry III. that the 
advowson was appendant to the manor of Walcote, and then belonged 
to Lecia de Eggefend, widow of William Rosceline, and was excepted 
in her grant of fValcote manor, to Roger de Turkelby for life. 

In the reign of Edward L Sir Peter Roscelyn was lord and patron : 
the rector had a manse and 20 acres of land, and was valued at 5/*— 
Pe/er-pence 5d. 

The church is a single pile covered with reed, and has a square tower, 
with 3 bells, and a chancel covered with reed. 


In 1300, Ralph de Somerton, instituted, presented by^ Sir Peter 

1S05, de Billokby. 

1313, Robert de Warham. 

1313, Richard de Halesworth, by Sir Peter, &c. 

1335, John Taillor, by Sim. Kemyng. 

1348, WiUiam de Ely, by John Kenyng. 

1373, NicA. Lomb, by Joan, relict of John Co$teyn. 

Id89> Roger de Holand. 

1391, IVilliam Nethergate, by John Costeyn. 

1404, John Blake, by Margery, late wife of Henry de BeteU. 

1413, Henry Lesyngham, by John Elmham, 

1414, Richard Newman, by Thomas Derham. 
1447, Robert Casmond, by Nicholas Waterman. 
1449j John Bull. 

1449i John Bullock, rector^ by Nicholas Waterman, Gent. 
1452, John Leigh, 

1461, Robert Wilkys, by Henry Heydon, and Thomas Brampton. 
• 1483, Thomas Curteys, by John Bishop. 
1484, John Rudham. 
1493, Roger Humfrey. 
1493, Thomas Lyng, by Sir John Paston. 
1497, Thomas Miles, by John Bishop. 
1503, John Trew, by Kobert Harridau^ce, Esq. 
1510, Step. Drury. 

1556, Robert Lindley, by Margaret Bishop, widow. 

1557, Robert Best. 

1579, William Olyver, by Thomas Groos, Esq. 
1598, Edmund Jiphen. 


IGM, TkamatCannam,hj Thama$Groo8, Esq.; he returned 46 com- 
iniiDicaDts in 1603. 

l6S0^ Thomas Ranuey, by Sir Charles k Groos. 

1665, Thomas Falke, by Thomas le Groos, Esq. 
Charles Spicer, rector. 

1669> ^nd. Call. 

1672, Fakntine Husband, by Robert Tutpill, Gent. 

1674, Henry Gooch, 

l687j Bambridge Dean, by Charles le Groos, alias Harman, Esq» 

1694, John IMfe. 

17--, tloah Ftolas. Ditto. 

I720j Mundefard Spebnan^ on Piolas*s death, by Charles Harman, 
cUas Le Gross, Esq. 

^726, John Wakeman, bv Robert Lord Walpole. 

1753, Thomas Batman, by Margaret Conntess of Orford. 

1754, James Adamson, by John Sharp, Esq. h&c vice. 
1766, Thomas Hutchingson, hy the Bishop, a lapse. 
The present valor is 51. 6s. Sa. and is discnarged. 

On a gra¥e*8tone in the church, with a brass plate. 

Orate p. a*ia Hen. Lesingham, rectoris de BaninghamJUij et hcredis 
Hen. Lesingham, Gen. obt. Apr. 1, 1497* 

In the church were the arms of. C/aven'ng— quarterly, or and gti/es, 
over all a bend; sable, also of Kerdeston, and Aslake. . 


In this hundred I find a town at the survey called Clare, held then< 
by Robert Earl of Morton, in Sormandy^ and of Cornwall in England, 
of which Earl Harold was lord in King Edward^s time; consisting of 
half a carucate of land, held by 3 borderers, with a carucate and an 
acre of meadow, valued at 6s.'' This with the lordship of Ruston, or 
Roughton, in tlorth Erpingham hundred, was all that this Earl had 
of ihe gift of the Conqueror, in Norfolk, who was his half brother. 

How this passed afterwards, or where in this hundred it lay, does 
not appear. 

^ Terre Comitis R. de Mauritanio dim. car. tre. semp. lii bon et i car. et 
* — Clareia ten. coins. Herold. T.R.E. i ac. p'ti et vaU vi sol. 


B E E S T O N. 

1 R B abbot of St. Bennet of Holm had at the survey one socman io 
this town, with 30 acres of land^ and 4 borderers^ with 2 acres of mea* 
dow, valued at 5s. 4(/.' and his manor of Stalham, extended into this 
town, and was a principal part of it. 

William Stalham held here the 5th part of a fee^ and in Stalman, 
of the old feofment, of the abbot and church of Holme in the reign of 
Henry I.;^ and it appears from the register of that abbey^ that J3ar- 
tholomew de Calthorp held lands heie and in Stalhamj part of a fee, 
and William de Stalham, lands here, in Stalham, and Irstede, by the 
tenth part of a fee ; the abbot continued the said lands to Willian^, 
who gave the abbot 00 marks of silver, and 2 villains, dated at St. 
Bennet's A\ 1 1 Edward IJ 

In the 11th of Edward II. Sir Walter de Calthorp released to the 
abbot and his snccessours, Kybald Hall, in Beston, formerly Sir WiU 
Ham, his father's — witnesses. Sir Jeffl Wyth, Sir Roger Genney» 

The principal manor in the town was that which belonged to Wil* 
Ham de Stalham, who had the patronage of the church in the reign 
of Edward I. it was brought by Isabel, a daughter and coheir, to SSir 
Jeff*, Wyth, and went with the lordship, as appears from the presen- 
tations; and is held by lease of the Bishop of Norwich,- 

Besides Stalham^s manor, John de Leems and his parceners held 
here, and in Barton, the lOlh part of a fee of the abbot, io the 3d of 
Henry IV. and Julian Norwich, widow, conveyed it in the 30th of 
Henry VHI. to William Hdre, Gent. Thomas Hare, his son, dying 
f.^. it came to his sister Audrey, and by her marriage to Thomas Ho-- 
bart, of Plumstede, 

* Sir Henry Hobart presented, as lord of Stalham, in l609, and 1631, 
and was lord of Leem's manor. 

After this it came to the Prestons; Jacob Preston, Esq. presenting 
as lord in 1658, who was descended from William Preston of Prestonj 
in Suffolk, Geot. and Rose his wife, daughter of ■ Whipple of 

Dickleburgh in Norfolk, bad Jacob, his fourth son, of Old Buckenham 
in 'Norfolk, Gent, who died in 1630, and left by Thomasine his wife, 

daughter of Lovellot Shropkam in Norfolk, Jacob Preston of 

Beeston aforesaid, who married Frances, daughter. and heiress of Sir 
Isaac Appleton, Knt. of Waldingfield in Suffolk, and was father of 
Sir Isaac Preston, who by Elizabeth, his wife, daughter of Charles 
Cdok, ^q. of Norwich, left at his death, December 9, 1708, Jacob 

' In Besetuna i soc. Sci B. xxx ac, • Lib. Rub. Sc'cij. 
tre. et iiii bor. ii ac. p'ti. val. v sol. et ^ Reg. Abb. de Uulmo. foU ia6. 

B E E S T O N. 15 

Preston, Esq. his son and heir, lord of this manor ; Sir Isaac was 
knighted at fFIiite-hall, hy King William, in I695. 

In 1755^ Isaac Preston, Esq. presented as lord and patron. 

The tenths were 1/. 15s. — Deducted 20$. 

The Chubch is a rectqry dedicated to St. Laurenccp valued at 5 
marks in the reign of Edward I. when IVilltam de Stalham was lord 
and patron ; the rector bad a manse, and £0 acres, the abbot of St. 
Bmnet had a portion of ^. per ann. Petcr^peoce Td. the present va- 
lor is 6/. and is discharged. 


J^^^Vf occurs rector in l£99. 

ld28, William Wyth, instituted, presented by Sir J^eff. Wj/th. 
1338, Robert Jttefaldgate, by the Bishop, a lapse. 
1342, John de Lexham, by Sir Oliver Wythe. ^ 
\91b, Henry Stoket. Ditto. 

1375, Henry Stoket, by ^micia,. relict of Sir Jeff. Wyth. 

1376, John de Lexham. Ditto. 

1380, Jeff. Gleegf by the Bishop, a lapse* 
1385, Robert de Kitverston, by John Wythe. 
1388, Richard By shop, by John Blondelle and Amicia his wife, 
relict of Sir Jeff. Wythe. 

1403, John Stone, by Sir William Calthorpe. 

1404, Henry Poyt. Ditto.. 

1413j Mr. John Walden, by John Calthorp, Esq. 

14^,' Richard Bowell, by Henry Inglose. 

1428j Reginald Peper, by Sir Henry Inglose and Jtr^ his wife. 

Mr. Robert Peppy, rector. 
1439y Henry Drougheivn, by Sir Henry Inglose and Ann his wife^ 
in right of the manor of Smalburgh. 

1460, Mr. Robert Bennet, LL.B. by William Calthorp, Esq. 

l4fiS, Nicholas Frenge. Ditto. 

1466, Reginald Steyn. Ditto. 

1481, Robert Calhowe, by Sir William Calthorpe. 

1492, John Down. Ditto. 

1493, Ad. Swayn. Ditto. 
' \o 14, Thomas jilman. 

t550, Hamon Chaunte, by Sir Henry Parker, and Elizabeth his 

15o7f George Vicars, by Sir William Woodhbuse and Elizabeth his 

1562, John Kydley. Ditto. 
John FetUon, rector. 

1579, Edmund Drury, by Sir Phil. Parker. 

1586, Richard Jackson, by the Queen. "^ 

1608, Anth. Drury, by the Bishop, and the King. 

1609, George Tayler, by Sir Henry Hobart. 
Samuel Gold, rector. 

1631, Edmund Claxtoih Ditto. 

16 B E E S t O N. 

1658, Richard Jackson, by Jacob Preston, Esq. 
1670, Charles Preston, by Jacob Preston, Esq. 
nib, Thomas Bamgfield, rector^ by James Preston, Esq* 
17^4, John Huntington. Ditto^ 

Thomas Fasset, rector^ ia 1755^ 00 Huntington*s deaib, by 
Isaac Preston, Esq, 

The Church is a single pile, with a chaBcel, covered with reed, 
and has a round tower, with one bell ; against the iforth wall of the 
chancel is a mural monument of white marble, 

M.S. Isaag Preston, Eqtdtis aurati, virj dignissimi tarn regi^ ma* 

jestatis quam patria, libertatis,jurisq; humani generis vindicis eximii; 

suis et omnib; benevolentissimi duab; uxorib; morum probitate cofispiems, 

felicissimi. Prima Elizabetha Jilia et harctrix CaroU GeorgiJ Coek, 

Armig, et Jnna uxoris ejus, haretricis Ricardj Bond, Gen» latafint 

sobolis mater, altera Elizabetha relicta Gulielmi Woorts GenerosiJiUa 

fuit Riches Brown, Armign nooercas inter optimas prima, ' Hoc monu^ 

metitum Jacob Prestonyjuim et hares gratus, marensq; posuit J?, ara 

Christiana, MDCCVIII. Gloria Deo, pax hominib; 

On a monument, ermin, on a chief sable, three crescents, argent, 
Preston, with Cock, quarterly, gules and argent ^ in an eecutcheon of 
pretence ; also Preston impaling Cock, and Preston impaling Brown, 
■ , two barrulets between tnree spears heads. 

Near this lie S marble grave-stones ; one 

In memory of Sir Isaac, who died December 8, 1708, aged 68 and 
8 months; another — In memory of MHz. his first wife, who died Nov. 
3, 1687, atat. 37. — ^The 3d — For Dame Eliz. his Qd wife, widow of 
William Woorts of Trtinch, and daughter of Riches Brown of FkUmo* 
deston, Esq. in Norfolk, who died Jug. 24, 1698. 

Under the north wall is an altar tomb, 

D.S. Hie requiescit Francisca nuper charissima uxor Jac. Preston, 
filia et hares Isaaci Jppletony equitis auratj, e qua suscepit fUios, Isaac, 
Johan. Tho. Jacob. Franc, et Calorum, obt* /ilia piissimay uxorfide^ 
lissima, parens indulgtntissima, soror amantissima, fnaterfamiliis pru* 
dentissima, pauperib; opulentissima, et omnib; benevolentissima, 20 die 
Martij, anno salutis M. DC. LXXIII, atat. LXIII; and the arms of 
Preston, impaling Appleton, argent a fess, sable, between three apples 
stalked, proper. 

In dormitorie infra Jac t.jacet etiam Jacob Preston, Armiger, ma'* 
ritus Francisca, qui obt. 30, Sept. A^. 1683, atat. 70. 

Hicjacet Thomasina, nup. uxor Jacob Preston de vet. Buckenham 
in comit. Norf. Gen. qua obt. 25 Nov. 1658, A"*, atat. 82. 

In the church were the arms of Boyland, azure, a saltire engrail^ 
or : also azure, three bucks beads cabos'd, gules ; and argent, a fess 
between three cornish crows, proper. 

In the church was the guila of St. Laurence. 

Sir Jef. Wythe, Knt. was buried in the chancel in 1373. 


B A C T O N. 

1 H I 8 tpwn was granted by the Conqueror, to Robert Mallet, one 
of bis principal barons, lord of the honour of Eye in Sujf^olk, and at 
the survey was held of that honour by Rodbert* Edric was deprived 
of it. 

It coDsbted of 3 carncates of land, 14 villains, 3 borderers and 4 
servi in the time of the Confessor^ with 3 carucates in demean^ 5 
among the tenants, and 14 acres of meadow, paunage for GO swine, 
2 runci, one cow, 8cc. 180 sheep, and l6 goats. Twenty-eight soc« 
men had 178 acres, and there were 10 carucates ; 14 freemen also, and 
the moiety of another, possessed % carucates of land, and 33 acres ; 
and 1 1 borderers had 10 carucates and an half, with 5 acres of mea- 
dow, valued at 110s. and what the free-men held at 40ft.; it was one 
leuca long, and one broad, and paid \5d. gelt.* 

The ancient family of De GlanciU was soon after the Conquest en- 
feoffed by the Lord Mallet, of this valuable lordship. fVilliam de Glan^ 
ville, SOD of Robert, held it in the reign of Henry I. from whom 
descended William de Glattvile, lord in the reign of Richard I. who 
dying sans issue. Jeffrey his brother succeeded him, and was lord of 
thistown^ Dallinghow, and Jlderton in Suffolk, and left bis inheritance 
at his death in the beginning of King Henry the Third's rei^n, to his 
five sisters and coheirs, among whom this lordship was divided, viz* 
-•^ Agnes, the wife of Baldwin, a Norman ; — Emma, to John de Grey; 
—Basilia, the third sister, married and left a daughter and heir, /sa- 
bel, who was the wife of William de Boyvili ; — Elizabeth, was the wife 
' of Jlmary Peche, and Juliana, the 5tb, died f. p* 


On, or before the death of Baldwin, the Norman, King Henry III. 
leized on hi^ part, and eave it to his brother Richard EatT of Commail. 
Edmund, his son, inhented it in the Idth of Edward L had wreck at 
iea^ assise of bread and beer, frank pledge, free-warren, weyf, &c. and 

' Terre RoberH Malet— Baketuna et xxviii soc. CLXxviii ac. t'nc. et t>'. x 

tenet Rodt. qua' tenuit Edric. T. R. £. car. mo. viiii et dim. et xiiii lib., ho es et 

iii car. tre. tc.^ xiiii vill. mo. x et iii dim. ii car. tre. et xxxiii ac. semp. zi 

bord. t'nc« iiii^ser. mo. iii semp. iii bord. sep. x car. etdim. et vac. p'ti* 

car. in d'nio. tnc. v car. horn. p'. et mo semp. val. ex sol. et lib. bo'es val. XL 

xiiii ac. p'ti. silva LX pore. semp. ii sol. et ht. i leug in long, eti leug. in 

>^. mo. ii n et i an. tc'. viii pore. mo. Uito. et xvd. did gilt* 
xm t'nc. CLxxx ov« mo. u ^ zvi cap* 
▼OL. XI. D 

18 B A C t O N. 

affallows; an his death Jt. £8 of Edward I. it was extended at 
ISi. 19«. 7 id. and was enjoyed by Margaret, his widow, on whose de- 
cease it came to the Crown, and was granted in the 6th of Edward 
11. to the priory here, as will after appear. 



John de Grey, by Emma his wife, had a daughter and heir, Emma, 
who brought this part by marriage to William de Huntin^field, who 
was probably son of Roger de Hunting feld, (who was livinor ia the 
30ch of Henry IL) by Sibill de HarUt^n of Cambridgethwe^^A wife« 

In the I5tb of King John, William de Huntingjkkl was^ sheriff of 
Norfollc, and Suff'olk, and an accountant with Atberic de Vere Earl of 
Oxford^ Robert Fit% Roger; Ralph fVolf, Eustace de Badngham, 8ic. 
for the cusboras of Norfolk and Suffolk^ 

Six Roger de Huntingfield was lord ia 1^71, and had a chapel in 
his manor house, which the prior and convent of Bromkolm had 
granted him leave to erect, and on that grant, covenants, thai etery 
chaplain who should officiate tb^rein^ abould take an oath to pay aU 
oblations, &c. to the vicar, take no confession af any of the parish, 
and that on every holiday the vicar niiffht send to the chapel and re* 
oeive all oblations, 8cc. that there shomd be but one bell in the cba* 
pel for the sacrament, and for default of this the chapel migbt be 
suspended. To witness this there was the seal of the aomisto^y of 
Norwich, with that of the dean of fVaxteBham,iic* dated at Bromkolm, 
18 KaL oi May, 

It being represented to King Henry III. in his 39th year, that jRo- 
ger de HtuUingfield had sent to his assistance in Gase&ienf And. dc 
Gawd, hid knigkt,. who had performed laudable service, the sheriff of 
Suffolk bad an order that the demand of 6(> marks due from him to 
the King should be excused. 

In the 7tb of Edward I. an agreement between William de Him'- 

tingfield, and John de Engmn was enrolled, that Roger, eldest son of 
Wuliam, should marry Jocosa, eldest daughter of Jokn* 

Roger de Hunting field was lord, of Huntingfield, emd Mendham in 
SvffoUc, in the igth of the said King. 

In the £5th of that King, Joan de Huntingfield, died seised of this 
manor, and of Bokesworth in Cambridgeshire, and in the 31st Roger 
died lord, and William was his son and heir. 

William, son and heiv of Roger, son of William^ died in the 7tk of 
Edward II. and in the ISth of that Kiiag, Walter de Norwich, a Barcwi 
of the Exchequer, owed Ik^L for the farm of the custody of the third' 
part of the manor of Humting^ld, in Suffolk, ]nke WiUiam de Hutk^ 
tingjield^s, which Sibitla his widow held in dower» after whose death 
it was ia the King's bands by the minority o/S Roger, bis* son. and heir. 

in the 3d of Edward III. Roger de Huntingjield and Aliamre bis 
wife, ^tre found to hold of Queen Isabel, a^ of the honour of Eyit, 
half a tee id Bakeion, and Roger was their son and heir, as appears by 
the escheat rolls; and ia the 17th of that King, Richard dc keleshuU 
conveyed by fine to Thomas de Sywardehy a<id> Elizabeth his wife, the 
Q^oiety of IS messuages, 120 acres of lttAd> 6of iMadow, \& of pasture. 

B A C T N. \9 

8 uf moor, 6 of marsbi 15 of heath, with 4/. rent in BaetQn^JBromholm» 
Paston, &c. the maoor of Harkton id C^nibridgethirc, to be enjoyed 
after the death of Mianore, widow of Roger de Hmtingfitldy by iif- 
thurd for life, remainder to Thomas, and Elizabeth, and their heirs ; 
Elizabeth probably was sister and heir of Roger, and Sir Thomas de 
Sywardeby was her husband, but in the 20th of Edward HI. she was 
the wife of Richard Frances of fVinepol in Cambridgeshire, as appears 
by a like fine, and Richard de Keteshull was then husband of Alianore* 

In the 39th of the said reign, John de Norwich, citizen and draper 
of London and Alianorc his wife, conveyed the moiety of Hunting 
field Hali, in Bacton, to John de Somerton, which Sir Richard dc 
KeUshuU held for life ; after this in the 48th year, Jgnes Atteforth, 
Thomas de Hakeforth, and Emma his wife, John Browning and Joan 
his wife, John Swan and Jgnes his wife, conveyed it to John de Picm 
shale, &c. which John de Somerton held for life, by the tenth part of 
a fee. 

In the Sd of Henry IV. William &fwardebu was lord, and in the 
56tb of Henry VI. Elizabeth, late wife of William, sbn of William de 
^fwardeby otSywardeby in Yorkshire, released to J^s Paston, and 
John Paston, Esq. her son, the manor of Huntin^eld-hall, and all 
the lands late Roger de HuntingfieUFs, and William her husband's, 
here in Witton, &c. and in the said year, Jef. Pigot and Margaret 
his wife, daughter and coheir of William Sywardeby, conveyed to them 
their right. 

In the family q{ Pfision it continued. Sir William Paston dying 
seisedof iiin 1011. 


BasiSa, the third daughter and coheir, left a dauj'hter and heir Isabel, 
who brought her interest herein, to William de Boyvill, who with his 
wife Isabel, presented to the church of Jlderton in Sufolk, in the 
reign of Edward I. 

From the BooiU it came to the Latimers, and Thomas le Latimer 
was lord in the 9th of Edward II. 

In the 34th of Edward III. Thomas de WingfeU and Margaret his 
wife, conveyed the manor of Latimef^s Hjdl, to William Attefen, and 
Peter bis son, with the homages and services of divers persons, and 
in the 6tb of Henry VI. Thomae Attefen conveye^it to William Pas^ 
ton, Esq. Peter Savage and Christiana his wife, widow of Hugh Atte* 
fen, then holding it for life. 


Elizabeth, fourth daughter and coheir, brought her part by marriage 
to Almaric Peche, and left Edmund Peche her son and heir, father of 
Thomas, whose son Thomas was living in the dth of Edward IL 

la the £4tb of Edward I. Edmknd Earl of durmwail, graoted to Mr. 
John de Wakot, the wardship of WilUmn de Leach, heir of lUchird 

CO B A C T O N. 

Leache, which belonged to him, on account of the custody of Thomas, 
son and heir of Sir Edmund PechCf Knt. and o( Richard Leehe his bro- 
ther, if William died under age. 

Julian^ the 5th daughter and coheir, is said to have lived a single 
life, but it appears that she married Symon Peche, a relation of Jlmaric. 

In the 9tn of Edward 1. Simon Feche and Julian his wife granted 
lands here by fine to Clement, son of Edmund de Paston, and other 
lands to Laurence, son of Ralph de Repps, and in the 5th of Edward 
IIL William de Repps had an interest, or lordship here, and in the 
SOth of Edward 1. William Peche and Rose his wife and John their 
son were found to be jointly seized of a manor in Bakton of the grant 
of Julian Peche^ held of the honour of Eye, by the service of 6d. at 
the end of every SS weeks, and valued at IL 1^. 8d. per ann. this 
came to the Pastons, by the marriage of Cecily, daughter and heir of 
Sir. Simon Pedie and ./u/ian. his mk, with Walter de Paston, younger 
son of Edmund, and Clement, son of Waller, by the marriage of Cr- 
cily, daughter ^nd heir of William Leach, Esq. brought into the said 
family, the manor of LeacVs in Paston, held of the abbot of Holm, 
which extended into this town, and the late Earl of Yarmouth died 
possessed of it. 

Mention is made of a park at Bacton in ancient times. 

William Earl. Warren nad 16 acres, valued at £s. held by a free* 
man in the Confessor's reign, and the abbot of St. Bennet had the soc ;' 
this went with his lordship of Paston, and the Bishop of Norwich's 
manor of Paston extended into it : ' William de Bachetuna held it in 
the time of Bishop Eborard. 

The Chubch of Bacton was a rectory dedicated to St. Andrew^ 
and eranted to the prior of Bromholm, by William de Glanvile the 
founder, who had it appropriated to their bouse, valued at £5 marks, 
and a vicarage was appointed : the prior, in the time of Edward I. 
held 40 acres with the rectory, and the vicar had competent edifices, 
with one carucate oT land, valued at 2 marks, and paid 2 marks per 
ann* to the prior, and the prior had 2 parts of the wax at the purifi- 
cation of the Blessed Virein. Pe^errpence were 12i2. the present valor 
is 5L Us. 1 \d» ob. and is discharged. 


Ralph occurs vicar in \UT. 
In 1S25, John de Wode-Dallyng, instituted vicar, presented by the 
prior and convent of Bromholm, 
Iddl, William de Barkere. 
1S49> John Benne* . 
1349> Edmund. 
1376, John Trice. 
1400, Sim. Moytie. 

9 Tre Willi, de Warenoa —— ^ In ix hoc toto fuit soca. Scj. Ben. nio» ea* 
B'hina i lib. ho. zvi ac. et val. ii sol. teneau W^ c. tnu 
scs\ Benedictus T.R.E. p. eod^escaog. ' Reg. 3 Ecd. Cath. Norw.. foU Jjf* 

B A C T O N. «l 

lAOlj John Stiiton. 

]4'i0, jld, Avon. 

1436, William Snelling. 

1446, James Smith. 

1472, John Seyve. 

1498, Robert riorwichy bj the Bishop, a lapse. 
William Benet, vicar. 

1530, Cuthbert Smith, by John Boyce, assignee of the prior. 

1539, Robert Linley, by Thomas Earl of Wiltshire. 

1554, Stephen Triket, by the Bishop, a lapse. 

King Henry VIII, on June 5, in his 37th year, granted this rectory, 
appropriated to the aforesaid priory, with the presentation of the vi- 
carage, to Thomas Wodehouse of Waxham. 

In 1569, William Foster, vicar, presented by Sir Thomas Woodhouse. 

1597, Thomas Randall, by Sir Henry Wodehouse; in 1603, he re* 
tamed 197 communicants. 

Iftl4, l^illiam Cook, by John Smith, Esq. 

1667, Nicholas Pollard, by Thomas Berney, Esq. 

1675, John Hobbys, by William Branthwait. 

168I, Henry Frances. Ditto. 

171 1, Charles Buck, by Julian Brant hwait,mdov7, the Branthwaits 
being lords of Bromeholm priory. 

1746, Metyer Reynolds,\>y Miles Brant hwait, Esq. 

The temporalities of this town, with Bromholm and Camick were 
8/. 17*. 8d. Deducted IZ. Ms. Sd. 

The church is a 9ing)e pile, covered with lead, and a chancel with 
reed, with a souare tower and one bell; in I486, I find a legacy to 
the building of the tower, the eLvmsofPaston on the south-east buttress. 
« In the church the arms of Harskk, and on the roof, Pa^on, Dela^ 
fole and Wingfield, quarterly, and Berry. 

On the steeple windows, Paston and Mautby. 

In the church was the guild of the assumption of our Lady. 



1 H^ 8 was a bemite, or hamlet to the town and manor of Bacton, 
and not mentioned in the Book of Domesday, as it was included in the 
account of Bac/o». 

William de Glamnk, son of Ralph, or Robert, founded here a pri- 
OT^ for Cluniac monks, (as a cell to Castleacre in Notfolk,) 10 the 
Rign of King Henry I. jt*. 1113, dedicated to St Andrew, and en* 
dow«d it with landft here^ in Bacton, Keswickf &c. 

9& B R O M H O L M. 

Bartholomew dt Glanvile, his eldest son, by Beatrix* daoffbter of 
fVilUam de SakevUe, coDfirmed his father's grant, was sheriflTof Zi/br- 
folk, and Suffolk, in the l6th and 22d of Henry II. and grants bj his 
deed sam date, to the monks of Acra, at Baktton, where his father 
lies buried, the land of Stanard the priest, and the cbarch of Cauwic, 
and the appertenances in. Bromhobn, the church of Dilham, with its 
appertenances ; the whole tithe of his lordship of Baketon, and two 
parts of the tithe of Stainges, of Horham, and Jlreion, of Langho, and 
Brti^, belonging to bis lordships : also of Sneselitig, with idl the tithe 
of his mills in Sakcton, and nilefort; two parts of the tithe of the 
mill of Honingj and one mill at Mumsle in demean, with the land of 
Herfrid, the priest, and part of his wood, in the mill way to Take$gate; 
two parts of the tithe of the men, or tenants of Roger de BeketoHs 
Geffrey, the priest of Honing^ Walter Ullage, &c. all the tithe of JBt- 
chard, son of Ketel, and the whole tithe ot the paunage of Baketon, 
and Horham, and of the turbage (or turis) of Swafh^eld two parts. 
And at his death bequeaths to th^s priory, Gristomb, and all that he 
possessed in the fields there, with his villains, to be free, and auit from 
all customs, except the King's Dane-geld- He also gave them the 
church of Paston, with its appertenances, with all his wood and land 
there, with his land at Guneho, and at Briges, at Aldehithe, and Lawce^ 
land, and of Edithn de Briges, 30 acres by the sea, a meadow .at 
Brereholm ; the tithe of what was provided for his own house, a marsh, 
by Bromholm, 8lc« in honour of God, St. Mary, and St. Andrew the 
Apostle, for the health of his own soul, his father's, and all bis frienda 
living and dead ; — fitnesses, Bdehard^ the priest, &c. 

Ralph de Glanvile, brother to Bartholomew, was a younger son pf 
, William, the founder, and Lord Chief Justice of England, in the reign 
of King Henry II. and left by Berta his wife, daughter of Theobald 
de Valoines Lord Valoim, three daughters and coheirs, as mentioned 
in Bawsey, Freebridge hundred. 

Bartholomew had two sons: William, who died s*p. in 1234, and 
Jeffrey who succeeded in the familv estate ; and in the Mth of Henry ' 
III. by the name of Jeffrey^ son of Bartholomew de Glanvile, conveyed 
by fine, to Thomas, son of Richard de Baketon, free lands in Baketon. 

On the death of Robert Lord Mallet, his son Robert being in re- 
bellion against King Henry I. was deprived of all his possessions in 
England, and this manor, which he held in capite, was granted to Sie^ 
phen Earl of Moreton and Bologne in France, (son of the Earl of Bhis,) 
who by his praecipe to his justiciary of Suffolk and Norfolk, and all 
• hisfaitbfol men, sans date, let them know that he granted to the monks 
of Acra, at Bacheton, and confirmed '< whatever William de Glanvile 
** their founder, had given, also all the land and men which he bad 
'< at Gueneholm, with l6s. \d. rent, and orders and commands, that 
'' they may enjoy peaceably in all his lordship, what they possess;'' — ^ 
witnesses, Robert, the sheriff, Robert de SakevUe, Roger de Hosa, • 
William de Fillers, &iB. St^hen was afier Kii\g of England, £arl of 
Morton, and not of Mortdsl. 

This prsecipe, or mandate begins with S. as thus, 

5. Comes de Mart, et de Bohma, Sfc. Bishop IVuuur calls him Earl 
of Mortoil, not knowing it was Stephen aforesaid* 

After this it came as an escbact to the Crown, and Richard E9xl of 
Cornwall, son of KiByg Johth nA brotbcvr to King Henry UL held U 

. » 


in capite, and was patron of the priory, as bis son. Earl Edmund^ was 
on woose death in the reigpi of Edward I. it came a^ain to ihe Crown ; 
Margaret f his widow, having some dower in the said capital lordship. 

King Edward II. in his 0th year, in honour of God, and out of his 
special devotion for the holy cross of this priory, and for 100 marks 
paid to him, confirmed to the priory, the manor of Baketon, with 
wreck at sea, and all its privileges, on the payment of 20/. per ann. 
into the Exchequer, as a fee- farm rent for ever. 

In the 20th of Edward III. Robert Uford Earl of Suffolk was ca- 
pital lord, and in the 15th year of Henry VI. William de la Pole Earl 
o( Suffolk : in that year was an agreement between the said Williamg 
imd Kobertf then prior, that whereas the said prior and convent, heki 
the 5tb pari of the manor of Baketon, called the King's part, paying 
yearlv to the said Earl 20L and his heirs male, and by virtue of that 
part had a certain, and view of frank pledge, belonging to it, valued 
at 34f. 4d. per anru to the prior, &c. grants to the said Earl, the afore* 
said lete, 34«. 4£2. wreck at sea, &c. belonging to it, for bis life, and 
the said Earl, covenants to pay the said sum of 34«. 4(2. to the prior, 
out of 20/. annual fee-farm payable to him by the prior. This deed, 
or agreement was signed by the Earl and the prior, Sec. on March l, 
Jt.Mih of Henry Yl. 

The seal of the prior is round and large, about three 
inches diameter, of red wax, the impress being the weat 
end of the priory church : under au arch, in the center, 
is the figure of St. Andrew, seated, a glory round hit 
head, bis right hand elevated, and holding a cross, pro-^ 
bably like the fitoous one of this priory, as here repre^* 
sented and in au arch over this the bast of the Virgin, 
with the child Jeuu in ber arms. 

The Icgand was, (bat it i» somewhat broken,) 

Sigittum prions et convent, Sg. Andrec de Bromhold. 

la the reign of Henry VIK it was possessed by the widow ttf J^m 

BemefaetQTt to Brotnkohn $t^ Andtiw^f Priory. 

King Henry I. gave the manor of Bnrgh to Vimoent, tke prior, whica 
id^ soa of Soger de Bunk (or Burgs^ bekt et bin in Butf^h m 
iMkingland, by serjean^, which seijeamy Ralph granted to Gdieri 
de f¥e$enkam, and he aAenrardis regraated to the King, and the King 
oonfimied the maaor free ta the eonvevi, reserving tm advowson to 
tbe Crown, and the dower of Alice, widow af Reger de Beargo for her 
Kfe> aact in caasMeration of this grant, the eodvent released to the 
Kin^ a nent charge of & marks fer «isif. tmm tbe Exobeqoer, whicb 
^ King baA granted.* 

In honortm i&^sC nuW i jt". regni 99.'*--^tA'am, lecfbroif the ehardl 
of Burgh. 

* Chartular, Bromh. foh %, 3, See. 



Of the ^ft of Sarah, late wife of Joceline de Burgo, 8s. Bd. rent in 
Gemetnutha (Yarmouth,) ' 

Of the gift of John de j^nnok, and Millisentia his wife^ all the land, 
with the buildings in YarmotUha, 8cc. 

De,dono jignetis de Rollesby, \&$, Sd. rent there. 

Ehtan Kemp, gave Ad, rent in Lodowyestoft, or Lowistoft, (now 
Leysto/i by Yarmouth,) anti Walter de Blundeston gave Lanihcote, and 
a marsh there. 

Richard, son of Ralph de Paston, gave 12^. rent inPaston. 

Gilbert, son of Nicholas de Repps, 1^. rent in Repps. 

Confirmed by King Henry III. A"*, regni 18, February 16, he and 
his nobles beins: then at Bromholm, viz^ Peter Bishop of Winchester, 
William Earl Warren, Roger le Bisod Earl of Norfolk, PhiL de Al- 
bini, Hugh de Spencer, Godfrey de Crauecumb, John Fitz Philip, 
Thomas de Hemegrave, Bartholomew Pecche, &c. 

Dat,p. man. R. Cicestrens. Episc. et Cancellarij. 

The said King, in his ISth year, granted them a fair on the feast 
of the exaltation of the Holy dross, and two days after, and a weekly 
mercate on Monday. 

Brother William de Wytton, a monk of this house, was chosen prior, 
on the death of William de Tottington ; the Bishop 6f Norwich cer- 
tified, and the King confirmed him prior April 4, A^. 6^. Fdwardj 

Richard Earl of Cornwall, and Edmund Earl of Cornwall, were pa-> 
irons of it, now the King was patron by inheritance. 

Walter Thurston aliened messuages and lands in Bacton, &c. A^. 
54, of Edward L 

The said King Edward H. on April l6, in the said year^ confirmed 
to this priory, the manor of Baketon, &c. 

Sciatis nos ad honorem Dg et ob specialem devotionem quam habemus 
ad gloriosam crucem perquam altissimus, domum monachorum de Brom^ 
holm, prout sibi placuit, visitavit, necnonvro 100 marcis, ifc. thus runs 
the. preamble; then follows the gift of tne manor of Baketon, Juxta 
Bromholm in comit. Norf. quod p. mortem Edmunds quondam, camitis 
Comubie admanus Celebris memorie dni Edw. genitoris nostri devenit, 
vaL 12/. 9^. l\d.,per ann. (then there is a reserve for the dower of 
Margaret, widow of the said Edmund) cum wrecco maris, and all pri* 
vileges, pitying QOLt^er ann. to the Exchequer, in fee farm for ever^ 
and an exceptibn or the advowsons of the churches. 

Teste, 4rc. Edm. de Malo Laeu Senescallo hospicij nostri, Sfc, 

Edward HI. in his 15th year granted license in mortoiain for the 
priory to purchase the 5tn part of the manor of Thomas Peche in 
Baketon, of Henry de Sidestrand, and Robert de Walesham, the manor 
being held of the King tit capite, as of his honour of Eye. 

Robert de Shelton, clerk, John de Hapisburgh, rector of Berdweli, 
conveyed another part, to found a chantry in their priory chuich> for 
a monk to pray for their souls. 

Pope Cekstine confirmed to this bouse the churches of Baketon 
Casewyk, Paston, Witton, and Dilham, annopont^. 1, dot. Rom. 

Pope Gregory, in his 13th year, 15 CaL Octi confirmed Hannings^ 
churchy appropriated to them^ but a vicarage was reserved. 

' Honing. 


9 . 


fViaiam, prior of Acre, and the convent^ grant for ever to Brom-^ 
kolm* the church of IVition, with the tith<i of the manor land^ payine 
XL - - - - - per ann. to Jcre. — Manio, prior of Acre, and O. prior ae 
Sancto Pancratioy confirmed it. 

Sir John la Feile, or Felie, Knt. of Witton, and Lettice his wife, re- 
leased ail their right in the church of Hanmnges for 20 marks, in the 
1st of Edward Hi. and also in the church of fUt ton, and the mediety 
of Ridlington ; the VeiUs were lords of Witton. 

Thomas dc Walcote granted to Sir Roger Fetulc (Feile) the mediety 
of Ridlington, and the advowson of Walcote. 
John, prior of Bromholmy A^. 11 Edward TIL 
William de Crostweyt, wn of Godfrey de Skegetotii gave two parts 
of his tithe to this priory, sans date, 

Gilbert, son of Thomas Knight de Ilketeshall,^ gave them his tithes 
in Hedenham, 125«, and P. Abbat. Sancti Severi, confirmed it, viz. 
two garbs of the demeans of Gilbert, and also two garfafs of the de- 
means of Roger de Mokaut in Cressingland, and of the demeans of 
Roger de Colville of Carlton. 

Compositio int. priorum de Acra et prior, de Bromholm p. manda- 
turn pap€R Gregory nonj p. ^lectione prior, ap,- Bromh. p. prior, et con" 
%tnt. de Ciistleacre, q. monaster, de Brom est specialis cella mottasterio, 
Jcrcfui et immediate sibi subjecia, et antiquitus esse consucvit, viz. in 
priore et sub priore proficiendo et destituenao, monachos ponendo, redpi- 
endo unum sive alium mutando, eand. domum visitando, Qd. prior de 
Castleacre infra mensem post obitum cujusq; prioris de Bromh. nomina- 
bit novum priorem, l^c. 

A controversy arising on account of the election of a prior here, it 
was determined at the order of Pope Gregory IX. by the prior of O511/- 
veston in Ijeieestershire, and the dean of Rutland, that on the death 
of this prior, the prior of Castleacre should nominate 6 monks, 3 of 
Castleacre, SLud 3 of Bromholm, out of whom the convent of Bromholm 
should choose one for their prior ; dated on Wednesday before Palm 
Sunday in 1229 ; but some j^ears after Pope Celestin V. by a bull in 
bis 4th year, granted this priory to be free from any subjection to that 
of Acra. 

This convent held lands in fee farm of Castleacre priory, at the an- 
Doal rents of 14 marks ; but the greatest honour and wealth that this 
house acquired was owing to a remarkable occasion. 

An English priest who officiated in the Emperor's chapel at Con-^ 
stantinople, having under his keeping a cross made of the wood of our 
Saviour's, on the death of the Emperor, brought it into England, and 
would not part with it to any monastery, unless they would take him 
and his two sons into it, as monks. This house complying, and setting 
op this cross in their chapel, there was so great a concourse of persons 
from all parts to reverence it, that the monastery became rich by the 
gifts of offerings made to it. Capgraves^y^ that 39 were raised from 
the dead, and 19 blind persons restored to sight by it, and in l223, 1 
find pilgrimageft made to the Holy Cross of Bromholm. 
In the 16th of Edward I. the prior had the assise, view of frank 

♦ Bromholm was a cell to Castle Acre, » Filius Thome militis de Ilketcshall, 

]& Norfolk. Castle Acre was a cell fol. 34. 

to Lewes, in Sussex, alias St. Pancnice. 


96 B R O M H O L M. 

pledge, a pilloiTi tambrell, and wreck at sea^ from ^okelhow, to the 
meer that divides the hundreds of Tunstede and Happine. 

Edmund £arl of Cornwall died lord and patron of it in the 28th of 
. Edward I. 

In 1738; Samuel Buck dedicated to Miles Branthwayt, Esq. a neat 
print of the ruins of this priory. 

Bishop Tanner^ observes^ that it Is not clear whether William de 
Glanvil did not settle the Castleacre monks in Baketan town, and bis 
son Bartholomew remove them to the extremity of the parish^ or rather 
into the then neighbouring, and now united^ parish of Keswick^ to the 
place called Bromholm, where they continued till the Dissolution. 

Speed and Weaver mention two monasteries at Bromholm, one of 
Cluniacs, dedicated to St. Sepulchre, the other of Benedictines, dedi- 
cated to St. Andrew, but seemingly, without ^ood authority. 

Besides the churches above mentioned^ in the SOth of Edward III. 
license was granted to appropriate the church of Warham, in Noffolk, 
in the 8th of Richard II. to that of Bardwell in Suffolk. 


Vincent, occurs prior in the reign of Henry I« probably the first. 

Philip, about 1210. 

Vincent, in the 2l8t of Henry III. 

Clement, in the 42d of Henry HI. as by a fine then levied between 
him> and William de St. Omer of 409. in arrear, due to the prior. 

John, JP. 53, Henry IH. and in the 1st Edtvard L 

William de Totington died prior J?. 6, Edward I. and 

William de Wytton, succeeded then. 

William, occurs in 1317. 

John, in the 11th of Edward IIL 

Robert, A". 14th of Henry VI. 

John Tyteshale, in 1460. 

John Macham, 

John Bishop of Caleedon, in 1509: this was John Underwood, suf- 
frasan Bishop (o the Bishop of Norwich, &c. 

nilliam Jjokenham, occurs jio, 22> of Henry VIII. and the last 
prior : 7 or 8 monks resided here^ but it appears in 1466, that there 
were 10. 

On its dissolution, King Henry VIII. in his 37th year, June 5, 
granted the site of this priory, with the manor, lands, appropriated 
rectory, and patronage of the vicarage to Sir Thomas Wodehouse of 
Waxham ; the priory church was 100 paces (gressus) long,^ and 25 
broad; in it was the guild of the Holy Cross. 

Bishop Rugg released to King Henry VIII. an annual pensioA of 
4/. lOs. due to the see of Norwich out of lands belonging to this priory, 
which was valued as Dugdale at 100/. 5s. 3d. per ann. as Speed at 
144/. \9s. Id. ob.; the register belonginer to it was in Bishop Maoris 
library, and is now in the library of the University of Cambridge. 

^ Notit. Monast. p. 3450 ' MSS. William Botener alias Wor- 

cestre, in college Corp. Xti. Cant. 



In 1553, here remained payable in annaiiies 22. ISs* 4d, 

In 1597, Sir Henry Waaekousc was lord and patron, and presented 

to the vicarage. 
John Smith, £sq; in I6l4; in 1675, WilUam Branthwaii, Esq. and 

in 1746, Mila Branthwait, Esq. as lord and patron. 


W A s a town joining to Backton, and was pari of the e reat manor 
o( Bacion, which extended into this place, and Bromhohn, and was 

S anted by William de Glanoilc to his priory on the founding of it. 
artholomew his son confirmed the land of Standard, the prieit of 
Casewic, and the church there, to the said priory. 

In 1382, the churoh was standing, dedicated to St. Clement, and 
the ruins of it are still visible, about a furlons north east of the priory, 
standing between two ways, one leading to Walcot, the other to the 
sea, the court rolls of Bacton manor are styled, 
Bacton cum Bromholm, and Caswick* 


1 H I s town is not mentioned in Domesday Book, being accounted 
for under the lordships of Whitton, and Paston in this hundred, lord- 
ships of William Earl fVarren, which extended into this village. 
' John de Sancta Fide, of St. Faith's, had an interest here, in the ^th 
of Henry III. as bad the abbot of Holm, and in the 1 st year of Edward . 
I. the Earl fVarren restored to the abbot a Icte which he bad here," 
and in JPaston, which he had taken away, and granted that it should 
be held by the abbot's bailiff, in the presence of the Earl's bailiff, within 
15 days before or after the feast ol St. John Baptist, yearly ; the ab- 
bot to have all the amercements of his men, and the moiery of the 
money paid by those w^o entered into the tithing, or hundred. The 
Earl claimed in the 15th of that King, the assise, free- warren, view - 
of frank pledge, &,c. and in the 3 1 st, Hugh, son of Clement Jtte Fen, 
and Alice his wife, conveyed by fine, to Thomas de Sancta Fide and 
Emmc bis wife, 13 messuages, 102 acres of land, 2 of meadow, 2 of 

' Reg. Hohn Abbat. fol. 119. 


turbar7> 11 of heath, with I7s. Sd. ob. rent in this town, Wittonf 
Baketon, Swqfield, See. and settled on Thomas and Alice for life, re* 
mainder to Hugh. 

In the 9th of Edward II. Laurence de Repps, the prior of Bromholm, 
Hugh Atte Fen, and George de Swanton, were returned to have lord- 
ships here, and Laurence was found in the i6th of that King, to have 
died possessed of a manor held of the Earl of Warren, by the service 
of 10s. per ann. and valued at 100«. per ann. Joan his wife survived 
him, and Sibilla, wife of Robert de Repps, aged 28, and Elizabeth, 
wife of John de Wtlbu, aged 24, were his two daughters and coheirs. 

John de Wilbv, or JVtUoughby and Elizabeth his wife, were querents 
in the 18th of the said reign, when William de Meneywaryn, parson 
of East Herling, conveyed to them the manor of Edythorp, with 18 
messuages, % mills, 220 acres of land, 7 of meadow, one of wood, 40 of 
heath, and 485. rent in this town, Paston, Witton, &c. settted on them 
in tail ; and Laurence, their son, held it in the ISth of Edward IlL 

In the 1 1th of Richard If. Sir William Bardwell and Margaret his 
wife, surrender the term of life, which Margaret had in this lordship, 
and lands as aforesaid, to John Mounteney of Old Buckenham, and 
Maud his wife, ond his heirs. 

In the 10th of Henry V. John Baxter of Honine, John Roys, &c. 
convey the inanor of Hawebonts in Edythorp, to William Atte Fen, 
of Yarmouth Magna, and Margaret his wife, and in 1442, Williatn 
Burgh, by his testament dated May 15, orders to be buried in the 
church of Bacton St. Andrew, and his feoffees to suffer Asnes his 
wife, to enjoy for life a moiety of this manor of Hawebories, the other 
moiety, with his messuage in Bacton, and lands ih Witton, Paston, 
&c. to bis eldest son Nicholas, and John his son, after Agnes' decease, 
to have the other moiety, remainder to Nicholas, and mentions JUar" 
garet his first wife; proved May 28, 1443.^ 

William Mounteney and Alianore, or AHce, his wife, convey this 
manor of Edythorp in the 10th of Henry VII. to Sir Henry Heydon, 
ySir William jBaleyn, James Hobart, ficc. 

^ On April IS, in the d6th of H^nry VIII. the King granted to Sir 
William Woodhouse, the manor of Hawebones, alias Hawchings, with the 
inanor of Barton, Bury-hall, paying for Hawching a fee farm rent of 
%\s.\d. ob* and for Barton 12s. 4d. fee farm rents, per ann. also the 

manor of 22oMti?gAa//, paying 225. 4d. ob. q. Stalnam Wildi manor, 

10s. lOd. ob. — Stalham Lynfords^ 2ds. 1 \d, ob. q. in Norfolk, with the 
lordship of Kessingland in Suffolk l6s. S^. q. and all other the lands 
and possessions of the said college in England, except the precinct 
and site of the said college, and a marsh, called Child^s in Funsted, 
with all the lands, closes, and manor of Heringbu, being given to the 
said college, by the will of the founder, Hugh Atte Fenne, in 1475. 

After this it was in Miles Hobart, Esq. lord in the reign of Queen 
Elizabeth, and Ant. Hobart, Esq. in the Idth t>f James I. 

Miles Hobart had livery of the manor of Willoughby here, about 
the 10th of Elizabeth. 

Queen Elizabeth, on May 3, in her 2gth vear, granted to Edward 
Wymark, Gent, two acres of land, called noly Bread Land, paying 
Qa.pcr ann. 

? Reg. Doke, Norw. foli 217. 

E D I N G T H O R p. 29 

The chief manor held by the Earl Warren, came to the Earls and 
Dokes of Lancaster, and so to the Crownj where it still continaes, as 
part of the datchy of Lancaster. 

The tenths were 2/« ?<• — Deducted 7s. — ^The temporalities of Brtrni" 
holm priory were 4«« 9jd^ ob* 

The Church isdedicated to All^Saints. In the reign oi Henry III, 
Ji^. 469 a fine was levied between John de Warren Earl Warren, que- 
renty and 'JoAn de Sancta Fide, deforciant, of tfae advowson of this 
chorch, granted to the Earl; and in the reign of Edward I. the rector 
had l6acres of land, but no manse, and was valued at 5l. — Peter^fence 
}6d. — The present valor is 6i, 5s. 2d. ob* and is discharged. 


In 1302, William de Paston was rector, and in the same year, Frats. 
de Trois was instituted, presented by John Earl Warren; in 1318, this 
rector having a right to the tithes of certain lands in Wytton, Paston^ 
and Bakeion, as parcel of this parish, of which tluee towns the priors 
4}f Bromholm^ were rectors impropriate, containing in the whole 57 
' acres, and he detaining them from this rector, on a suit, he recovered 
it this year of the prior; in the said year, the manor and advowson 
were settled by fine on Thomas Earl of Lancaster, and his heirs, by 
John Earl Warren and Surry. 

J 345, Mr. Peter de Normandy. 

1349, ffilliam de Boxgrave, by the lady Joan de Barr, Countess of 

1353, Roger Pymbtl, presented by the attorney of the lady Joan. 

1361, Peter Brun. 

1375, John de Donington, by John King of Castile. 

1388, John Faux. 

1429, John Prentys, by the feofiees of the dutcfay of LancasUr 
John Wilton, rector. 

1465, William Catte, by the King. 

1474, Edward Ward, by Elizabeth Queen of England. , 

1519^ Simon Braitoft, by the King. 

1^31, Robert Barton, 

1553, Robert Tesdale. 

1557, William Farlam, by the King and Queen. 
William Cotes, rector. 

1576, Robert Gould, by the Queen; he returned 68 communicants 
in 1603. 

163], George Lockwood, A.M. by the King. 

1661, Wiliiam Gou^h, by the King. 

1666, William Cullier, by the King. 

1710, Theoph. Sice, by the Queen. 

1748, Thomas Woodger by the King. 

In the church, a black marble stone. 

For William Call, Gent, son and heir of And. and Elizabeth hk wife, 
died May 5, 1683. 

' Regist. BromholiDi p. 90. 



KoBERT Lord Mallet was ]ord oF the most considerable manor of 
this town,* of which Edric was deprived ; there belonged to it one ca- 
mcate of land, 9 borderers, one carucate in demean, and 6 acres of 
meadow. See. 2 socmen, and the moiety of another held 50 acres, and 
2 borderers, with 2 acres of meadow, valaed then at SOs. at the sur* 
Tey at S6s. it was eleven furlongs long, and 6 broad, and paid 9J. gelt.' 
, The family of the Glanviles were enfeoft of it : William dc Glati'- 
vile was lord in the reign of Henry L and gave the church to the pri* 
ory of Bromholm. After them the family of De Gyney held it. 

Sir Roger Gyney, son of Sir William Gyney, was lord in the reign 
of Edward I. and his son Sir William in the l6th of Eduard II. and 
the 2l8t of Edward IIL as was Sir Roger, who by his will, here dated 
in 1376, require^ to be buried in this church, and gives to John his 
son, this lordship, who by the name of Sir John Gyney, made his will, 
and gave this manor after the death of Alice his wife, to Sir Henry 
Ingloi, and was proved in 1423, November 5 : the said Henry Ingloe 
was in the wars of France, and in the 3d of Henry V. then an esquire, 
preferred a libel in tbe.court of the constable and Earl-Marshal of 
England, against Sir John Tiptofi, who had retained him with 16 lan- 
ces, several archers, &c. and refused to pay him, and so he the said 
Henry declares that — ''He was ready by the help of God and St. 

George, to prove against the said Sir Jonn, body to body, as the law 

and custom of arms required in that behalf;^" and in 1421, being 
tlien a kniglit, was taken prisoner at the battle at Bengy in France, 
where the i)uke of Clarence was slain; and in the 5th of Henry VL 
he beine proxy for Sir John Fastolf, was installed Knight of the^ 
Garter ror him. 

By his will, d&ted June 20, 1451, be requires to be buried in the 
presby terv of the priory of Horsham St. Faith's, by Jnn his wife ; 
gives to the prior and canons of Ingham 20s. Henry his son and heir, 
succeeded him, whose son, Edward Inglose, sold it by fine with 10 
messuages, &c. U> John JBoztin; Esq.; after this it came to the Wind^ 
hams, and Thomas Windham, Esq. was lord in 1570, and in this family 
it remains, William Windham, Esq. of Felbrig, the late lord dying 
in 176 -. 

^ See in Bacton. ct dim. l ac. semp. ii bord. et ii ac. p'ti. 

' T're Robert! Malet*— — In DU- t'nc. val. xxx sol. mo, xxxv et ht. xi 

ham i car. tre. ten. EdriQ. T«R.E. t'nc. quar. in long, et vi in lat. et ixd. de 

▼iiii bord. modo. iiii semp. i car. in d'nio. . gel t. 
et vi ac. p'ti. et i r mo. vii pore, et ii soc. ^ BibK Cotton. Titus, c. i, fol. 229. 





At the Surrey, the abbot of St. Bennet had a socman^ with 30 acres 
of laod^ a borderer, and one carucate valued at 6s, Sd,^ 

This, as I take it, was held of the abbot, by the lords abovementioBed ; 
Odo, the cross-bow man, is said to have held of the abbot, that which 
RdfJferius had/ 

Jlan Earl of Richmond had id Dilham, and Pancefordy a hamlet, 
probably, to Dilham, 50 acres of land, which a socman of Ralph 
Stalrc was deprived of, 2 villains, and 2 borderers, &c. belonged to 
it, with one carucate and an acre of meadow, valued at 8^. but at the 
survey at 5«.^. 

Ra^h, son of Ribald, gave to the church of the Holy Trinity of 
Normch^ all his lands in L>ilham, and Panksford : Ribald was a bro- 
ther of £arl Alan. Ralph, in his deed>^ declares that he gave it for 
his own sool, that of Robert his son, and of his lord, Earl Jlan, and 
in recompense of a benefaction, the monks of Norwich having paid 
for him 90 marks to Morell, a Jew, and so acquitted him of it ; (the 
seal is roand and the impress a cross flory) and it is now in the dean 
and chapter of Norwich. 

Roger Bigot had also ()0 acres of land,^of which a freeman oiEdric 
had been deprived ; to it belonged 5 borderers, one carucate and an 
acre of meadow, and this was valued in Suffield.^ 

Pope Alexander III. in 1176, in the 17th year of his pontificate, 
granted to John, Bishop of Norwich, the land of Ralph, son of Ribald, 
which Richard, prior of Norwich, bought of Ralph, of the fee of Hugh 

Ralph le Buteler of Heslington, by York, granted to the prior, &c. 
otNormch, all his right in 40s. per ann. which William de Crostweyt 
used to pay him out of a tenement and lands here, in 1282. 

The temporalities of this priory valued at 57s. 4d. in 1428, and is 
now in the dean and chapter of Norwich. 

The tenths were 5l. 5s. 5d. ob.; Deducted 26s. Sd. — The temporali- 
ties of Bromholm priory 5s. 4d. 

Henry Inglos, Esq. son of Sir Henry, died lord on September 15, 
i*. 3, Henry VIII. and left by Anne his wife, Edward, aged 18. 

The Church is a rectory, dedicated to St. Nicholas, granted to the 
priory of Bromholm, by ffiUiam de Glanvile the founder, and ap'pro- 
priated to it, being valued at 20 marks per ann. a vicarage was or- 
dained, valued at two marks, the present valor of which is 5/. 7s. lO^^. 
•nd is discharged. — Peter-peuce were 18d. 

In the register of Bromholm, fol. 43, it. appears that there was a 

' Terra Sci Benedict! de Holmo — — p'ti t*nc. val. viii sol. mo. v. 

In-Dilham, i soc. xxx ac.'i bor. i car. ' Regist. Sacrist. Norw. fol. io6.— -«- 

▼al. ^ sol. et viiid. Reg. 5 Bee. Cath. Nonf . fol. 22. 

* Regist. Abbat. de Homo, fol. 5. ' Terra Rogeri Bigoti in Dilham ilib. 

' Tcrre Alani Comitis— — In DiU ho. Edrici lx ac. tre. scp. v bor# et i 

Bsm, et in Pancfbrda i. ac. tre. i soc. Ra- car* et i ac. p'ti. hoc. e. in p'tiode Sud* 

^ Stabra, tc. iii viU. et mo. ill tc. it feida. 

borl mo, ii et dim. temp* i car. et i ac« * Reg. i Bccles. Cath* Norw. 


controversy between Sir William de Gyney, and the prior, abont lh<J 
advowson of this chnrch, and Sir William covenanted to release and 
levy a fine, the prior playing him 45 marks of silver, and to deliver a 
deed under seal. — Dated at Crostweyt, in the 2d oi Edward I. reserv- 
ing to himself the right to his chapel here, and the services of the 
prior's tenants. 


Richard^ occurs vicar in 1^99, 
1304, Clement de Wycton, instituted vicar, presented by the prior, 
&c. of Bromholm. 

1320, Bartholomew de Wycton. 

1323, Richard de Baketon. 

1324, William de Folsham. 
' 1348, John Waterden. 

1360, John de Cressingham. 
1S60, John Aylwode. 
1373, William Osmound. 
1397, Jeff. Haldeyn. 
1426, John Northgate. 
1429, Sim, Dacke. 

1434, John Bounde. 

1435, Sim. Dacke* 

1449, John Cowper, by the Bishop, a lapse. . 

1464, Thomas Skole^, by the prior, &c. 

1468, Jeff: Ilberb ; by his will in 1498, gives 6 marks for a vest- 
ment for a priest ; 6 marks to repair a pane of peynting in the church, 
and the profits of 3 roods of liind to the vicaryes here to sing onys in 
the yere for him, &c. Placebo and Dirige. 

1498, Thomas Garton. 

1517, Edm. Cartes. 

1 527, Ralph Lyster. 

1535, Peter Ingham. 

Thomas millesy vicar. 

On the Dissolution, the patronage of the vicarage, with the appro- 
priated rectory, came to the Crown, and in the year l600, John Os- 
mond was coHaled by the Bishop, a lapse; in UR)3, he returned 143 

1612, Arnold Suckermari, by the Bishop of Ely, bemg granted by 
Queen Elizabefh, to that see, on an exchange of land belonging to it. 
Mr. Matthew Stokes, fellow of Caius college, in Cambridge, held this 
rectoryimpropriateof Ihatsee, by lease; and gave about 1630, to 
that college for the stipend of one fellow, 3 scholars, &c. but the ad- 
vowson remained in the see of Ely. 

1671, Peter Boardman, by the Bishop of Ely. 

1694, 'Noah Viales, by the Bishop of Ely. , 

1712, David Baldy. Ditto. 

1730, Thomas Goadard. Ditto. 

1732, WUliam Williams. Ditto. ^ m ^ c 

In the north isle, an old monument, or tomb, with the effigies of a 
man and woman, the arms and inscription defaced ; this was in 


memory of ah Ingtose, or a J^nney, and had the aroit of Gynnetf, paly 
of 8ix> or and guTes^ a chief ^rminr, and gu/es, four bars gemelJe^ or, 
OD a cantoDy ar^nt, five billets saltier ways^ sabUj Inglose ; — argent^ 2 
bars, and a canton^gu^^Sy ovjer all a bend, sable^ Boys ; — also, quarterly, 
urgent tihd azurey on a bend, sable, three martlets, or, Le Gross; — 
mascoly, g'tf/es and rrmiVi, Rqkeli/i — azure, an escotcheon andorleof 
martlets^ arg'ent, Walcot; — Kerdeston\ Stapleton; and ermin, on a 
c\At{ gules, three fnsils, ermin, Charles. 

On the south side, Faslolf, with a label, argent, and Honing. 

In a window, Inglose impaling Bois, and Inglose and Gynney, 

I I I !■ « L | » ■■ 


RooEB Bigot, ancestor of the Earls of Norfolk, of that name, had 
a carncale of land, which '4 free-men of SuffieU vrere deprived of, to ; 
which there belonged 7 borderers, and 4 soc^ipen,^ carucates, an acre 
and half of meadow, valued in Suffield; 4 freeinen also held 80 acres, 
with 4 borderers, 2 carucates, and 2 acres oiP meadow, and a mill, va- 
lued then at 10$. at the survey at l6s. Ad. it was one leuca long, and 
6 furlongs broad, paid 18(f. gelt, and one of these 4 men was under 
the predecessor or Robert malet,* 

Bere was also a small tenure in the Conqueror*s hand, which Offert, 
a freeman, possessed in the Saxon time, 6 acres valued at SoTand 
Godric was the King's stewai^d of it.' 

Both these tenures were in a family that assumed their name from 
the town, by "being enfeoffed of them: King Henry II. granted his 
fee to Abraham ae Felmh^ham. 

Isaac, SOD of Abraham de Felmingham, bad 285. of land, which was 

y the King's land, and William,^oii oi Isaac de Felmingham, 

gave \OOs. relief for a carucate of land, that Isaac held here and in 


Becham in caj)ite, in the 12th of Henru 11.^ 

Matilda, widow of Abraham, was living in the beginning of the 
said reign, and in the King's donation, holding lands in captVe. Others 
also of the said family had an interest herein. 

Eva, daughter of Robert, son of Simon de Felmingham, and William 
de Holgate, son of fVilliam, son of Symon de Felmij^gham, and John 
de Trunch^ son of Geffl son of Symon de Felmingham, having released 

* Terra Rogeri Bigoti -— -> In FeU et v quar. in lato et xviiid. de gelto. 

itticliam i car. tre. que p'tinet iiii ho'ib; umis ex tills quatuor fait ho« ante* 

de Sudfella sep. vii bor. et iiii soc. in cessoris R. MaAejTi 

cad. scp. ii car. et i ac. et dim. p'ti. et ' Terra Regis qu' Godricus servat. 

lioe. e. in tx'tio. de Sudfelda. In cade. -^ — In Felmingham i lib. ho. Oflfert vi 

iiii lib. ho es lxxz ac. sep. iiii bor. et ac. tre. et val. vid. 

fi car. et ii ac. p'ti. et i mol.ic. val. x ♦ Testa de Nevill Rot. Pip. 

Ml* no. xvi et iiiid* ht. i leug. in longo« 

▼OL. XI. ^y F 


to Efca, all their right ; she, by deed sans date, released to the abbot 
of SuBcrmet, all her right in the advowson of this chorch, and in 
the 4 J It t of that King, Koger Bigot, Earl of Norfolk, released by fine 
a moiety of the advowson 16 the abbot.^ 

In the 15th of Edward I. Roger Bigod Earl of Norfolk had the 
assise, view of frank pledge, free- warren. See. and in 1303, Gregory 
de Felmingham presented to the rectory as lord ; Gregory dying lord 
of a fourth part of a manor in the I4th of Edward IL left 6 sisters 
and coheirs; Alice, who married James de ffhitwell; — Catherine, 
wife of James Righttvys; — Ela, of Oliver de la Mowe; — John, rector 
of Felndngham, by Egidia, or Elizabeth, another sister,- — also Chris^ 
tian and Joan. 

In 1392, John Rightwise presented to the rectory, and in 1349, 
John de ffhitwell, which John, and John Michels, were found to have 
an interest herein in the 47th of Edward III. and John Whitwell 
and Margaret his wife, were living in the 10th of Henry IV. 

John ^hitewll, Esq. died lord in the 7th of Henry VI. and seized 
of the advowson, leaving Thomas his son and heir, and was buried in 
the chancel of this church ; and Richard ffhitwell, in the 20th of 
Edward IV. 

John ffhitwell, by his will, proved May 8, 1546, was buried by 
his mother in the chapel of St. John Baptist, in this church ; he 
appoints his cousins, John and Miles Gross, Gent, has executors, and 
having no issue, Anne his sister, wife of Richard Crofts of Wytton, 
was his heir, who had livery of it in the d5th of Henry VIII. and on 
the demise of the snid Ann, Thomas her grandson, son and heir of 
her son Henry, had livery in the 1st of Queen Mary. 

In the 8th of King Charles I. Thomas Crofts, Esq. of Felmingham 
and Pkillis his wife, settled it on John, his son and heir, and Jane, 
daughter of Thomas Tilney, on their marriage, and in the 1 1th of 
that King, the &aid John and Jane, b^d license to alien it to Sir 
William Denny, Knt. of Norwich, by deed dated Jtine 18, and in 
the following year, September \, Thomas Croft, the father^ joined in 
the sale. 

Sir ffilliam Denny, Bart, held it in J 645, and with Catharine his 
wife, conveyed \l October 12, l64g, io Sir Richard Berney, Bart, of 
Reedham, and fVilliam Berney, a younger son. 

Richard Berney, Esq. (son of ffilliam) of Swanningtou, by his will 
dated October 2, l675, w^s buried in the chancel of Swannington 
church, gives to his sister Anne^ this lordship, &c. who d^ing s. p, 
in 1679, ffilliam Bladwell, Esq. in right, probably, of his wife 
Phillippa, who was mother of Richard and Jnn Berney aforesaid, 
and daughter of Thomas Brown, Esq. of E&ing, possessed it, and so 
it came to Gyles Bladwell, Esq. his son, and half brother to Ann,- 
aforesaid, \^ho was lord in 1715, and afterwards sold it U>Talman, 
who possessed it in 1740. 

' Reg. Hulmfol. lao. lipp^i daughter of Thomas Browne, 

^ Anoe, sister of Richard, and daugh* Esq. of Elsing, married Henry Howart, 
ter of Willliam Berneyr, Esq. by Phi* Esq. of Lancashire, and died s. p. 



In 1321^ Sir RahhdeSkeyion released to Jlice Breton, and her heirs^ 
and to Robert Brian of Felmingham and Hawise bis wite, and their 
heirs, all his heirs^ claim in the homages, services, 8cc. which thej 
held of him, and in the 26th of Edward III. William Bryan of 
Felmingham, and Joan his wife, were querents, and William de 
Wychingham^ deforciant, who settled on Bryan, a lordship 5 mes- 
suages, 80, acres of land, with 285. rent. 

Sir Henry Jnglou, by his will will, proved 1451, ordered his nianor 
of Bfyam here to be sold. 

In the 2d of Edward 11. Thomas de Jntinsham passed by fine to 
Geff'. Sybille, of this town, lands here, and Bartholomew de Jnting- 
ham died seized of a manor in the S9th of Edward III. 

John, son of Roger Leese, and Christiana, his wife, convey to 
William de Smalburgh, and his heirs, the moiety of the manor of 
Felmingham, with roessuases, rents, &c. here, in Jntingham, 8cc to ' 
be held of the heirs of Chriitiana, and in the next year Thomas 
Atte Grtne and Alice his wife, granted by fine their right or share to 
Thomas Flitcham. 

The abbot of St. Bennet- at Holm held at the survey, and before, 
77 acres, with 5 borderers, one carucate in demean, and half a one 
among the tenants, and an acre of meadow, 4 socmen als6 had 50 
acres, a carucate and an acre of meadow : there was a church with 2 
acres, valued at 20s.' 

This remained always in th^ said abbey, and the temporalities were 
valued in 1428, at 27«. 4d. ob. 

Robert Rugg, citizen and alderminn of Norwich, farmed it in^ the 
4th and 5th of Philip and Mary, of the Bishop of Norwich, ai 6/. 
ISf. 4d. per ann. and was called the Chamberers manor, with the 
fisher^, &c. and extended into North Walsham, 8ic. 

William Rugg, Esq. son of Robert, was heir to his uncle, the 
Bishop, and lived here, as did this son Thomas. 

The family of Rugg, took their name from a lordship, or hamlet 
in the town of Pattingham in Staffordshire, and were of eood degree 
and eminency;' the youneer branch came into Norfolk: in the 
49th of Edward 111. Nicholas Rugg, second son of John Rugg, of 
Rugg, seated himself there, and was father of Clement Rugge, who 
was living in the 12th of Henry IV. his son William' v/sis father of 
Thomas Uusge, who occurs in the 23d of Henry VL; and left Robert 
Rugge of North Repps, his sou and heir, in the ^d of Edward IV. 
father of William, whose son Robert lived in the Ist of Edward V. 
and was father of William, of North Repps, Gent. 

' Tre $d Bened. de Holm o ' In William, under age in the 56th of 

Felmincfaaii], ten sep. S. fi. Lxzvii ac. Henrv III. and Robert Rugge and 

Sep. V hQT, i car. in d'nio. et dim. car. I$abell his wife, conveyed the manor of 

hom i ac. pti et iiii soc L ac. i car. et i Picfaford iu Shropshire, to Sir Nicholas 

ac. p'ti eccUe ii ac. val. zx sol. Burnel in the 4^th of Edward III. 

* William de Ruggt was father of 



William Rugge-v-Agnes. 
died 151s. 

Nicholaf . Roger. William Biihop Robert Ragg>-rEKzabetB, daughter of , 


of Norwich . £«q . mayor of 

Wood, of Norwiclu 

v^illiam Ruggc, of Felmingham,-p Thomatyne, daughter of 

Esq. 1^68. 

Sir Robert Towntend, chief 
jttstiee of Cheater. 


Thomas Rugge, Esq. 

William Rugge, Esq. of Felmingham^ is said to have changed hit 
armsy per fess, sable and argent, and unicorn saliant, counterchanged, 
armedy msined and unguled or, to that of gules, a chevron engrailed^ 
between three mullets pierced, argent ; but Richard de Rugge, vfho 
lived in the Sd of Richard III. and the Bishop of Norwich, ^ve, as it 
appears, this last coat. 

The tenths were 8/. — Deducted I/. 6s. Sd. 

The Church is dedicated to St. Andrew, and there were 4 por- 
tions, or parts belonging to it, 3 of which were appropriated to the 
abbey of St. Bennet of flolm,^ who had a manse, with one acre^and it 
* half of land, and these were valued at £7 marks ; this was in the 
time of Walter Sufeld Bishop of Norwich, and a vicarage was 
founded, valued at 51. — Peter-pence \5d. oh.; the present valor of 
the rectory is 6/. and is discharged. 

Before this appropriation, Richard was rector of one portion^ and 
died sans date. • 

William, son of Isaac, was about this time (Jtemp. Henry II.) the 
true patron ; after him, Robert, the chaplain of Felmitigham, held 
the whole church, and so did Master Roger, son of the said Robert, 
and Thomas, the archdeacon, held the same on the presentation of 
Tlifimas, abbot of Holm, in the time of John of Oxford, Bishop of 
Norwich, in whose time a division was first made, on the claim of 
Abraham, father of Isaac, in the King's court; on which the 3 parts 
of the church belonged to one rector, presented by the abbot, and 
the 4th part, or portion, to another rector, to be presented by the 
said Abraham ana his successours. 

Of this 4th part William de Wroxham was rector, then Hubert 
Walter, which tiubert, (as I take it,) was afterwards. Archbishop of 
Canterbury, who resigned it to master Thomas de Weston, then 
Richard, who held it 28 years, on the presentation of Isaac bis 
brother. t 

* Reg. Holm fol. 96* Penes Decan. ec Cap-Norw. fol. 4tt 





John Sammon, occurs rector 1267. 

130S, John de Helmingham, l>y Gregory de Felmingham. 

1528, Gregory RyghtwySy hyJohn Kj/ghfwys. 

1349y Nigel Aroun, by Johfi de WhuiwelL 

1378^ Abraham Whiiwelty by Sir William Wychin^ham. 

1417) John London^ hy John fVhyiewell of Felmmgham, who had 
5 parts of the manor of Felmingham, and so a right to present sac* 
cessrvely 5 times. 

1431, fVilliam Brewer, by Uwmas WhytewelL ' 

1432, Robert Confn. Ditto. 
1440, Edttard Randold. Ditto. 

1460, fVilliam Richards, by Richard fVhytewelL 

1470, Pe/er Norman. Ditto. 

1485, Jcjf. XittgA^. 

1496, Robert Jschue, by JoAn Whytewell. 

]536j Thomas Baker, by di/ro. 

1553^ fVilliam Greneway, by James Hartstrong, Gent, assignee of 
Jftn Crofts, widow, and united to the vicarage, 

IboQ, Thomas Rogerson, by Thomas Crofts. 

1666, fVilliam Colles. Ditto. 

1578, Robert Grene. Ditto. 

1694, Richard SadHngton; in l603, be returned 211 commo- 

Ifi04, Thomm Canham. 

1604, fVilliam S turkey, by the Bishop. 

I66I, Edmund CA^Mam, by Stq>h. BurreU, Gent. 

1664, Benjamin Need, by Giles Bladwell, Esq* 

1703, John Furse, by Gtte BladweV. " 

!?««, William Webb, to a fourth part, on the death o( Bany 
Love, by James Johnson, hac vice. 

1754, Jrthur Branthwait, on fTe&ft's death, by Thomas Satherton, 
Esq. and Mary his wife. 

1756, Robert le Grys, by TAomos Sotherton, 8cc. 

Mr* Talman, patron of the rectory in 1742. • 

The present valor of the vicarage is 6/. and is discharged. 


Robert, occurs vicar in 1299* 
1316, Richard AttUbrigg, instituted, presented by the abbot of 
1328, William Merle. Ditto. 

13499 Roger Norman, by the King, in the vacancy of an abbot. ' 
1361, John Smith, by the abbot. 
137 1, Robert Sefrey. 
1373, 5tfiiofi Reedn 
1381, John dc Taverner,, 




1386^ Ralph Aleyn. 
1390^ John Beenc. 
1596, Thomas Smyth. 

John Baxtere, vicar. 
1413, John CaldweiL 
1 4 IS, Thomas Kydelond. 
1433, Thomas Titmham. 
1436, Hugh Cley. 

1442, Thomas Turnham^ bv the Bishop, a lapie. 
1451, Peter Newman, by tlie abix)t. 
1469, -^d. Mydytgate. 
1475, IVilHam Vpgate. 

Roher Laudinel, occure in 1483. 

Roger Blethu, vicar 
1491, Thomas Colby. 
1532,John Berry. 
1555, William Greneway. 
1584, Richard Sadlington, bj the Bishop. 

Thomas Canham. 
1604, William Starkey. Ditto. 
I66l, Edmund Cheiham, by Steph. Burrell, Gent. 
1664, Benjamin Neede, by Giles Bladwell, £8q. 
1703, JoA« Furse, by Gi/e« BladwelL 

Step. Norris died vicar in 1749, and George Molden pre- 
sented by the King. 

On a grave-stone for John Whitwell, his arms ; also on one for John 
Wichingham, and Brampton, and their arms« 
In the church also a tomb. 

For Thomas Jermy^ Esq; who died 1503, and his two wives, Ann YeU 
verton, and Elizabeth Brampton^ and their arms ; and Jermy, and 
Mpuntney, and Wroth. 

' Here were the guilds of St. Andrew, St. Peter, St. Mary^ and the 
image of our Lady of Pity in the south isle^ called St Mary's chapel, 
also the guild of Stl John Baptist, and his chapel. 

The lights of St. Andrew, his tabernacle and image, of St. Erasmus^ 
St. Christopher; — the Plow light of Marshgate, and that of Stowgate^ 
of St. Nicholas, and that of the great crucifix. 


H O F T O N, 

\)n HavetoUp as it is wrote in the survey, takes its name from its 
she, from Ho, or Hou, a hill by the water. It was then a lordship 
beloncring to St. BennetU abbey of Holm, and was possessed by 
Ralph Slalra, in the Confessor's time, when there were 6 carucates 
of land, 4 villains, 6 borderers, and 2 carucates in demean, with 3^ 
among the tenants, pannage for 16 swine, and 10 acres of meadow,, 
and 4 socmen, a carucate and half, and 30 acres, 5 villains,' 11. 
borderers had 5 carucates and a half, and one socman had 28 acres^ 
and 7 socmen 1 10 acres, and 5 carucates and an half, valued then., at 
7/. "at the survey at 1005. was one leuca and 2 furlongs long, and half 
a lenca broad, paid 18e/. gelt, and there were 2 churches endowed 
with 1 6 acres.' . ^ 

Several tenures, or manors arose from this, held of the abbot. 
Id the reign of Henry III. the rent of assise of the abbot^s manor' 
was 4i* ^. "kf. arable land, 64s. meadow, 25. 6d, 

In the 9th of Sdward II. all these persons were returned to have 
an interest herein* 

The abbot of Holm, Jeff'. Wythe, the lady Cocl^eld, John de Lenn, 
Ralph de Bagethorpe, Kalph de Grelley, WiUiaai Flegg, IVilliam 
Clover, John Greengate, 8ic. and in Ashmanhazh. 

Id 1428,' the temporalities of the abbot in noveion St. John, were 
valued at 12/. 75. Sd. and Hoveion St. Peter's, at 112s. g^f. this last 
being the cellarer's lordship. 

Id the 24th of Henry VIII. William Rugg, abbot of St. Bennefs, 
conveyed the manor of Greengate to Robert Rugg, his brother, 
alderman of Norwich, which the said Robert held in 1558, with that 
of Spicefz, alias Berds, in Hoveton St. John, and St. Peter, Tunsted, 
Below, and Ashmanagh, the last sold to him also by the iMe abbot, 
bis brother. 

in the £6th of Henry Vllf. Robert Kebyll and Agnes his wife, and 
Thomas Kebyll, convey to Sir John Heydon, the manor of Morehouse, 
or Morehalt, in Hoveton St. John's 10 messuages, land, and 405. rent, 
and in the 5th of Edward VI. William Russell passed it to Henry 
Palmer, atid Mr. Warner bought it of Palmer in 1571. 

In the compotus of. John Iraldegrave, chief steward of the Bishop 
of Norwich, in the 3d and 4th of Philip and Mary, the rents of assise 
were 14/. 175. 5d. the herbage farm, 1015. id. ob. the site of the ma- 
nor of the late abbot, and of the demean lands 8/. the lands are spe- 
cified in the account leased to Robert Pannell of Belaugk, Genu ^nd 

J* Terra Scj Benedictj de Holmo ad bor. v car. et dim. x ac. p'ti. et i soc* 

victu' monachor.-— Hovetuna' ten. xxviii ac. et vii soc. ex ac. scp. v car* 

Kad. Stalra T.R.E. vi c^r. tre. sop. iiit 7d. tc. val. vii lib. xno. c soh ht. 1 leu. ' 

viU. vi bor. etii car. in d'nioet iiicar. et ii (f. in longo. et i leu. in lat. et 

horn. silv. xvi ppr. x ac. p'tt et iiii soc. xviiid de g. ii eccles. xvi ac. 
i car. tre. yd* et xxx ac* scp. v vill. xi 

40 H O F r O N. 

his assignees, by William Rugg Bishop of Norwich, and fVilliam Cat" 
tleton, the dean and chapter, Jpril 10, in the 30th of Henry VIII. 
and Hoveton's Lathts^manor, for 245. Ad, for SO years, 9A8, for the 
fishery by Wroxham bridge, the moiety of Lathes manor wa? then in 
the Bishop's own bands. 

William Rugg* son of Robert, was lord of Greengatei, Spicers, or 
Berds, and Thomas his son held it in the 15th of James L 

The manor of Lathes is the Bishop's, and held by ■ ■ Negta, 

Another lordship in this town was after the rebellion of Ralph Gua* 
der Earl of Norfolk, added to the manor of Tunstede, by R. the cross- 
bow man, by the command (as he says) of Godric, but Godric denies 
it, and TuNsted manor, at that time was held by Roger of Poictiersf" 
this contained a carucate of land and^lay in Hoveton, which Robert, 
<he Earl, gave with his wife to St. Bennet; to tKfs there belonged 7 
villains, valued at \0s. and ther^ was a carucate and an half, when 
Robert g^ve it, and at the survey a carucate and 4 acres of meadow, 
valned then at lOOs. when Robert, the cross-bow man, held it of Go- 
dric, who took care of it for the Conqueror; it was worth lOLperann. . 
&nd now at the survey, together with Tunstede, at 1]/. 

Who this Robert, the Earl was, who in the Register of Ilolm,^ is 
said to have given this lordship, and in Domesday Book also, is called 
Robert the Earl, does not appear, the Register says he was there 

In the lOlh of Edward I. the jury, on the death of Robert de GreU 
ley, lord of Tunsted, present that John, son of Henry de Hoveton, held 
that manor, the fourth part of a fee, and in the preceeding^year, Her^ 
vey, son of Peter de Hoveton, granted to his son John, a lordship here 
by fine, Ralph de Grelleu and Margaret his wife, were querents; 
Kalph de Bagethorp, and Isabel his wife, deforciants, of the sixth part 
of the manor of Hoveton St, Peters. 

William le Clavtr and Catherine his wife, convey the sixth part to 
William de Crostweyt, and Margaret Tiis wire, in the 5th of Edward 
\ III. and in the same year, he purchased the 3d part, with messuages 
and lands in this town, Belawe, Jshmanhagh, &c. of Hervey, son of 
Ralph de^Grellev, and in ihe 20th of the said King, John Streth held 
one fee here, in Tunstede, 8cc. of John Bardolf, and William de Crost' 
weyt, the tenth part of a fee here of Bardolf, and he of the Earl of 
' Lancaster, which Thomas de GreyUy formerly held. 

Roger Boys, and John Whytewell held here the lOth part of a fee 
of the heirs of the Duke of Lancaster, in the Sd of Henry IV. sometime 
John de Hovetons, of which John de Whytewell had the sixth part, 
and William Boys of Hoveton, Gent, was tound to die October 1, 15729 
seised of the manors of Hoveton St. Peter's, and St. John's, held of 
the Bishop uf Norwich, and William his son and heir, by jilice his 

* Terre que fuer. Rog. Pictaviensis Rob. tulit vii mo. vi et val x sol. tc. i 
-Huic manerio (viz. Tunstede) car. et dim. et q'do Rob, tulit simil. mo. 

addidit R. Arbal. p'. Rad. Comes foris i car. et iiii ac. p'ti. tc. val. c sol. et 

fecit, ut dicic jussu Godrici see. ipse ne- q'do.^ Rot. Arbal, earn. ten. in inanii' 

sat. i car. tre. que jacebat in Hoyetuna Regis de Godrico x lib» ScQ, 

.T.R.E. qua' Rob. Comes dedit Sco Be* ' Reg. Holm. fol. 6, 

hedicto eum uxore sua tc. vii vill et q'do * Reg. Holm. fol. 33* 

^ O F T O N. 41 

This was afterwards sold to the Bendizhei^ and to th^ Blqfieldt. 

Thomas Blofield, E^q*. of Hoveton St. John was living in 1763, and 
a justice of the peace. 

The tenths were 2/. \0s.5d. — Deducted 1/. of St. Peter^s; and of 
St. Johffs SL 68. 8 j.— Deducted 1/. 6s. Bd. 

In this town were two parishes^ and two churches, one dedicated to 
St. Peter, which was a rectory, valued at 9 marks, and appropriated 
to the Mbej of St. Bennet ; Albert de Grelley, by deed sans date, gave 
and released all bis right in this advowson to the abbey. — Peter^-, 
pence 8^. 


I find DO institutions, being served by a stipendiary curate, till in 
the year 1625, Robert Booth, A.M. was instituted vicar, collated by 
the Bishop. 

16S3, Edmmd Wythe. Ditto. 

1666, Bichard Alexander. Ditto. 

16S7, Matthias Earbary. Ditto. 

173 1> John Hunt, collated by the Bishop. 

1733, WilHam Hunt, by the King, the see void. 

The church had been in ruins, aind was rebuilt with brick in l624 ; 
it is a small pile, without a chancel. 

The Bishop of Norwich is impropriator and patron of the vicarage, 
and has the manor of Lathes in this town and parish. 

In the church was the image of St. Mary, and the guild of St. 

Henry Negus, Esq. had a faculty to build a vault on the north side 
of ^e tnurch, for a burying-place. 

Bishop Reynolds, on Kuewing the lease of this impropriation, re« 
served the sum of 26/. \3s. 4d. to be paid to the vicar. 

The prioress of Redeliugfield aliened to the prior of Hicklyng, lands 
here in the 8th of Richard II. 

Besides the manor abovementioned, the Bishop has a manor called 
Jxham's in this town, valued at 12/. 10s. per anH. 

Hoveton St. John*s was a rectory valued at 10 marks, and appro- 
priated to the same abbey : Peter-pence lOd. 

I find no institution till 156], when Leonard How/e^ was instituted 
rector, collated by the^ Bishop, on a lapse ; after this it was served by 
a curate, and Mr. Peirse, curate in l603, returned 58 communicants. 

In the church were St. John and Trinity guilds ; the lights of the 
crucifix, St. John Baptist, St. Mary, St. Christopher, St. Erasmus,Sx. 
Catherine, and the Trinity. 

Near the communion table a grave-stone. 

In memory of Thomas Blofield, Esq. many tf ears justice of the peace, 
tmd deputy lieutenant; once mayof, and six times a representative in 
parliament Jor the city of Norwich, in all which stations he signalized 
himself for his eminent zeal and steadiness to the established church, his 
hyal affection to his sovereign and the English monarchy, and an un^ 
wearied diligence in promoting the interest, trade, and welfare of his 
country, his knowledge in which was equalled byfew^ his integrity ex^ 
ceededby none; he died October 17, 1708, of his age 74. 

▼ou XI. G 



Id an upper south window of the church were the arms of St. B«i- 
net*s abhey, and those of Bishop Rugg, and in the lowest south window, 
azure, two bars wavy, ermine. 

In this parish, in a wood, called lAtile Wood, one Margaret was 
killed in 1170; she was buried in St. Bennet's abbey, and esteemed a 
saint : See in Holm abbey. 

Tbe Bishop of Norwicn has this lordship, and is impropriator. 

John Butler in 1496, gave an acre and half of free land, &c. to the 
repair of the church. 

H ON I N G, 

JTakbs its name from Ho, an hill; and Ing, a meadow. The 
principal manor, was at the survey in the abbot of St. Bennet, with 
two carucates of land, and B^ric held it of the abbot in the Confessor^s 
time, who on granting to Edric a moiety of his lordship: Edric 
granted the abbot a moiety belonging to his own fee, and then held 
tbe whole of the abbot on certain services; 13 borderers belonged to 
it, 2 carucates in demean, and 3 among the tenants, with Q5 acres of 
meadow, &c. a mill, 2 runci, 4 cows, &c. 40 sheep, 30 goats, and 3 
socmen had 4 1 acres, 2 carucates, and 6 acres of meadow, valued in 
the whole at 40s. was one leuca long, and 10 furlones broad, and paid 
lOd. gelt; Robert Malet, and Robert de G/ant^iV/e held it at the sur- 
vey of the abbot.' 

fVilliam de Glanvile, probably, son of Robert, on his founding the 
priory of Bromholm, gave two parts of the tithes of Honing, and two 

Earts of the tithes of a mill here, to that priory, which Bartholomew 
is son, who held 3 parts of a fee in ihis town, confirmed to them; 
witnesses, Richard, the priest, Baldwin, dean of Caresfield, Jordan de 
Sackevill, Henry de Glanvile, &c.^ 

J^. de Glanvile dying sans i^sue, his right herein came to his 3 sis- 
ters and coheirs ; Alianore, the eldest, married Baldwin, a Norman, 
his part was seized on by King Henry III. and after granted to JCt- 
chard Earl of Cornwall, as in Bacton,^ 

In the Register of Bromholm priory is an entry of a deed of agree- 
ment, about the 14th oi Edward I. between Edmund Earl of Cornwall, 
and John de Hanyngss and Sybill his wife, whereby tbe Earl releases 
all his right of the lands of the said John, that they shall not be 

' Terra Scj Benedict! de Hulmo p'ti. silv. Yiii por. i nool. ii rune, iiii an. 

In Honinga ii car. tre. ten. S.B. T.R.E. xii por. xL ov. xxz cap. et viii soc. zLi 

et Edric. de eo ita qd. Abb. ei ded. at ac. sep. ii car. v ac. p'ti. val. tota' ZL 

dimidiam de suo d'nio. et ille cone, see- sol. ht. i leu.- in long, et x qr. in lat. et 

rab Abb. alia znedietate de suo feudo, xd. de g. q'cq; ibi tenat. hoc. tenft. 

et totu. ita tenebat. de Abbe, et deservi* Rob. Malet et Rob. de Glavill de eo. 

ebat« In hoc tra' f. x sep. xiii bor. et ii ^ Reg. Castleac* foh 67. 

car, in d'nio. et iii car. homt xzv ac. ^ Seep. 17. 


tmeroed at his court lete at Badon, for breach of ajuise. See. and Sir 
Moger de GtaUcme acknowledged that he had received froai the abbot 
of Mu Bamet, the custody of two parts of the lands and rents, which 
were assigned by John de Grey, and Isabel Bavill, to the abbot^ on 
the custody of two of the heirs of Geffl de Glanvilt. 

John de Gymin^ham, and Thomas Peche had an interest herein, 
about the l6th of Edward L which Thomas, was grandson oiAlmaric 
Peche, who married Elisabeth, fourth sister and coheir ot Geff. de 

Margaret, late wife of John de Gymingham, and her tenants held 
io the 20th of Edward III. the lordship, late John de GynUngham*s, 
and Thomas Peche's by one fee in this town, Witton, 8cc* of the abbot, 

Roger Boss held it in the 3d of Henry IV.^ with Margaret his wife, 
then settled on him by John Bois; and Sir Roger Bofs died pos- 
sessed of it, as by his will dated February 22, 1421, and provea in 
June 1422,' desires to be buried within the door (as you enter the 
choir) of the priory of Ingham • 

Thomas Boys, Esq. his eldest son, succeeded, and died lord ; by his 
will dated January \7, 1432, he gives to Isabel his wife, part of his 
goods, and to his mother, the lady Sybilly all his silver, and furniture 
of his chapel in Norfolk, &c. bis horse, called Powys, and to his bro- 
ther Robert, his other horse, called Couser, with a bason and ewer of 
silrer, after his mother's death ; to John Heydon, chaplain, a cup, his 
executors to find a chaplain to celebrate his anniversary, and was bu- 
rned in the church of the Gray^Friars at Norwich, Robert Boys, Esq. 
bis brother, was lord in 1493, and then settled on Isabell, late wife of 
bis brother Thomas, and then the wife' of fVilUam Ive, lands here; she 
was the daughter of tVilliam Warner. 

Robert dymg in the 27th of Henry VI. it came to his daughter and 
beir Catherine, who brought it by marriage to Sir Edmund Jenney of 
Knateshall in Suffolk, who left it at his death ip the I5th of Henry 
VIII. to his grandson Francis, son of William^ who died before his 
iather Sir Emmnd, in the 10th of the said King, then a minor, and 
held of the abbot; also lord of Hale, in Norfolk; Knatshall, Thebar^ 
t(m, Brayham, Lowdham, and Rusten^ in Middleton, Suffolk* 

The Jexiiiws, Quartered the arms of Buckle, sable, a chevron between 
three round buckles, argent; — Leyston, vert, three dexter hands, her 
per thereon, three hawks, or and sable, a cross or, between four wolves 
Leads couped, or, Gerrard ;-^Barry of eight, azure, and argent, a 
griffin, segriant over all, sable, Cause. Also Boys, argent, two bars 
and a canton, gules, over all a bend, sable; — ermin, two chevrons, m- 
Uty Illey; — ffdes, a lis and label, or, PMmstede; — argent, in bend, 
between twol>endlets, three buckles, lozengy, sable, Gymingham, with 
those of fVickingham and Fastolf. 

This came to the Le Gross ; Thomas Gross, Esq. was lord in the 
25lh of Elizabeth. 

Sir Charles Le Gross in the 34th of King Charles !• See in Crost^ 

Here was another lordship ; which was granted to Ralph, brother 

^ Sir Thomas Boys attended John ' Reg* Burning Norw, 
£p^ of Lancaster into Spaiai Ao, o 

44 H O I^ I N G. 


of Ilgar, of which a freeman was deprived, it contained one caracate 
of land, who had 8 villains, one borderer, one carucate, in demean, 
one among the tenants, with 9 acres of meadow, 8cc. one mill, 3 
cows; fte. and 2 socmen had 15 acres of land, a carucate and 2^ acres 
of meadow, valued at 20^.' 

St. Bennefs abbey had the soc, and thi» was held of Ralph, by 

Thomas, abbot of Holmf confirmed to Richard the priest of 
Jfittotif 2 sheaves of the demean of the hall of Roger Festiiej (VtU) 
which Richard Fcile, and Roger his son gave to^them. 

Richard le File died seized of this in the 30th of Henry II.; he 
married a daughter of Httmnfrey dc Bctetouris^ and lefl her endowed 
in it, held, as it is said, of WuUam dc Edgefetd, valued at 7 1* per ann. 
and Richard his son held it in the 12th of Henry III. William^ soa 
of Rosceline and Letia, or Letitia his wife, granted to John, son of 
Robert, lands here, and in Stodtf, &c. to be held of them by two fees. 

William Gerbergc, Peter Brokesden, Nicholas Drake, &c. held half 
a fee of Roger Fitz Roger, in the said reign ; and John, son of JoAa 
de Feile died s. p, possessed of a lordship here, and in Witton, and 
lishley^ leaving them to Reginald 4e Dunham, son of Beatrix de 
^Dunham his fiither's sister, Esch. Jt". 23, Edward L held of the 
manor of Horseford* 

William Gerbridjge, John de Gymingham were lords in the 9th of 
Edward II. and in the 2d of Edward III. Edmund, son of Sir 
William Gerberge and Catharine his wife^ convey to John de Gjrm- 
ingham and Margaret his wife, Roger de Reymes and Alice his wife, 
30 messuagesi, one mill, 100 acres of land, Sec. and in the 20lh of 
that King, Robert de Gymingham and Margaret late wife of John de 
Gymingham, Mice de Reymes^ and William Drake, with their tenants 
held half a fee, late John de Feiles of Robert de Benhale and Eve bis 
wife, which William Gerberge and parceners former held. 

Soon after this it came to the iois as above, and Roger Bois, in 
the 3d of Henry IV. held the lordship late Gerbridges, and Drakes, 
by half a fee of the heirs of Robert Ufford of the manor of Horse/ord. 

Here was a yearly sum paid out of this lordship, to the almoner of 
St. Bennefs abbey, to pray for Walter de Suffeld, Bishop of Norwich, 
who appropriated this church, for Ed. Holkman, Esq. and for Sk 
Miles &tapleton and Joan his wife. 



Mary Coote, widow of Richard Coote, Esq. held this manor in the 
11th of Henry VIII. and settled it then on her sou Christopher, and 
Elizabeth, daughter of John Wychingham, Esq. his intended wife, 
and the said Christopher Coote ox Blownorton, Esq. sold it in the 32d 
of that King, to Jnn Stede, widow, who in the 29th of Jpril, in the 

' Terra Ranulfi fratris Ilgeri In lep. i moL et iii an. et iii por. et ii soc. 

Haninga tenet idem (viz. Hunfrid) i xiiiii ac. tre. et car. ii ac. p'ti. aep. vsiU 

car. tre. i lib; bo. T. R. £. senip. viii xz sol. sc's. b. soca. 

▼ill. et i bor. et i car. in dnio. et i car. ^ Reg. de Hulmo^ foU 6, et 30* 
4io'um« et viiii ac. p'ti. nlv. iiii por. 


S7th of that KiD^, granted it to William Brampton, Gent, her son^ 
and the manor oiEcchs, by the sea* 

Thimas Brampton of Blownorton, Gent, in the 4th of Edward VI. 
was lord ; IVilliam his brother dying s« p. 

Jnne Stede his mother was daughter of William Brome, Esq. and 
married, John Brampton of Blownorton, Esq. who was her second ' 
husband ; John Stede, Esq. her first husband dying «• p. she married 
Robert Rookwood, Gent, to her third husband, ErampfLon sold it to ' 
^— -— — Musget, and he to John Tani, and Thomas Husband, Esq. 
purchased it of Tant, in the ^8tb of Elizabeth, there being a capital 
messuage 7£ acres of land, &c. belonging to it in Honing. 

Christopher Husba^id, Gent, was found to die possessed of it 
November 2£, 1634, held of the manor of Hokering, and left hySapa 
bis wife, Valentine bis son and heir, ased 8 years, &c. 

The tenths were 2/» )2«. — Deducted 1/. " 


The Chubch is dedicated to St. Peter and St. Paul, and was 
appropriated to the priory of Bromholm, a grange belonged to it, 
but no land, and was valued at 15 marks, the vicar had a jnanse with 
12 acres, valued at i20s. in King Edward I. reign, Pe^er-pence lid. 
the prior was obliged to pay to the abbey of St. BenneCs, of Holm, 
4/. 10s. per ann. ror 2 parts of the tithe of the demeans of John de 
Feyle in Honyng, and for tithes in Paston ; this was vested in the 
Bishop of Norwich, on the exchange of lands with him and Hen. VIII. 
and still is in the see. 

Id the lat of Edward L John h Veile, and Lecia his wife, granted 
to JoAit, prior of Bromholm, by fine, his right in the advowson with 
lands in Fehlingfeld and the service of Peter le Mareschal, and the • 
lands in Wytton. ^ ^ 

The present valor of the vicarage is 4/« ISs. 4c7. and is discharged. 


In 1533, William Kenyng, instituted vicar presented by the prior 
of Bromholm. 
1348, Robert G^rey. Ditto. 
1372, Nicholas Smith. 

Mich, a Ridlington, vicar. 
1383, Sim. de Ramsey. 
1395, Robert Langete. 
1434, WUliam Bowth. 

1434, Henry Candeler. 

1435, Richard FrarJcys. 


OHoer Mendham, occurs rector in 1438. . 
IU3, Richard Rant. 

1448, John Schvpmedowe, by the Bishop a lapeei 
1459» William Heylesdon, by the prior, &c. 
1485, R^er Splyt, by the fiishop, a lapse. 

40 I R S T £ A D. 

1492, John HufUon. 

1504, Thomas Garforth. 

1507 9 John Sporier. 

1509> Thomas Chambers. 

1519, Peter Proudlwe. 

1540, John Bowgh, by WiUiam Neve, assignee of the prior. 

1554, Robert Tysedate, by the Queeo. 

1584^ WiUiam Oliver. Ditto. 

1586, Robert Bury, he returned 200 communicants. 

16 JO, Thomas Cannam, by the Bishop of Ely, the impropriated 
rectory being granted to that see on exchange of lands with the 

1650, John Land, S.T.B. Ditto. 

1643, Thomas Flake. Ditto. 

1668, Peter Boardman. Ditto* 

1694, Noah Vialas. Ditto. 

17 12, David Baldy. Ditto. 

1730, Thomas Goddard. Ditto. 

1732, fVilliam Williams. Ditto. 

In the church on a grave«stone. 

Orate p. a^ia Nich. Parker, Jrmig. qui obt. 19 Martij, 1496, and 
the arms of Boys, Erpingham, Rejrps; also Boys and Gymingham. 

At the east end of the churchyard was the chapel of the .resur- 
rection, in 1492. 

In the 5th of Richard II. Sir John Plays, Sec. aliened lands here to 
the chantry of Raveningham; and in the the 13th of that King, 
Robert Boys, &c. lands to the priory ofCamjfet. 

^ Matthew Stokes, fellow of Co/tis collese, is said to have granted 
his lease of this rectory, to that college for the stipend of a fellow, 
and 3 scholars. 

I R S T E A D. 

1 H E abbot of St. Bennetts manors of Honing, and Netesherd, seem 
to extend at the survey into this town ; he had the patronage of the 
church ; Maud, wife of Robert Seleni, held lands here of the abbot, 
which paid 30s. rent per ann. and with lands in Berton, (Turf) 
made the fifth part of a fee, as appears from their Register.' 

William de Stalham held also half a fee in Henry llld's time, when 
the aid was granted on the marriage of that King's sister, to the 

After this, the family of the Le Gross held it of the abbots as I 
take it. 

■ Reg. de Holm, foU 6. 

I R S T E A D. 47 

At the Dissolation it does not appear to be conveyed^ as far as I 
find to the see of Norwich, thougn the right of patronage came 
undoabt'ely on that exchange to the Bishop of Norwich, who is 
patron of the rectory at this time* 

Another lordship was also in this town, in the reign of the Con* 
fessor, in the said abbey, which was granted to it by King Canute 
on his foundation thereof, as an appendix to Honing, and contained 2 
carncatesof land held by 4 villains, and 3 borderers ; and there was one 
caracate in demean, and one among the tenants, with 2 acres of 
meadow, valued at 9.0s, at the Conquest it was granted to Alan Earl 
of Richmond, who was lord of it at the survey.* 

lu 1£99, Nicholas, abbot of St. Bennet, granted license to Sir 
Repnald le Gross and Margery his wife to have a free chantry in 
their oratory of their manor of Irsted, by reason of the distance .from 
the parish church, with a salvo for the rights of the said church ; 
this family of Le Gross seem to have held it of the honour of Rich' 
numd, belonging to the Earls of Richmond; and in the gth of 
Edward II. the abbot, Reginald le Gross, and Jeffrey Wythe were 
returned to have lordships here. Oliver le Groos and Alianore his 
wife held it in the 20th of that King, Oliver Groos, Eso. by his will 
in 1439, gives to John his son his manor of Irsted,^ callea Netherhall, 
late Merkes, and proved in 1*453. 

John Groos, Esq. made his will at Irstead, March 1, 1487, and 
bequeathed his body to be buried in the church of St. Laurence in 
Norwich, in the south ele, wills a priest to pray for him, his wief, 
fader, and mader, and his fader Sir John Heveningham and Elizabeth 
bis wief, whose daughter Margaret he married, and gives to her, his 
manors, 8cc. in Irsted called Overhall, and Netherhall, Yetnes in 
Westwick, Eminham, and Gayngs; also those of Illyngton, Squen" 
yngton, and Thurning, &c. for her lief, and after her decease, and the 
issue of his body; remainder to Sir Henry Heydon, on certain con- 
ditions, a quere may be made if this was not rather in Worstede, 
see there. 

This John, was a younger son of Oliver by his second wife Joan, 
daughter of Sir John White of Shotesham, by Joan his wife, daughter 
of Piers Hovell of Swamngion. 

In the Sid of Henry VlIL Sir Richard Southwell, Knt. and 
Thomasiue his wife conveyed by fine to Anthony Gourney, Esq. the 
manor of Jrs^ede with lands in Sarton,Netesherd, Samlburgh, &c. and 
the said Anthony died lord on January 4, in the dd and 3d of Philip 
and Mary, whose son Francis dying before him, left a son Henry, by 
bis wife Helen, daughter of Robert Holditch of Ranworth, who was 
beir to his grandfather, ajged 7 years, which Henry is said to hold 
bis manor of the Bishop of Norwich. 

The tenths were 48s. 2d. — ^Deducted 6d. Sd. 

The Chubch is dedicat<ed to St. Michael, and is a rectory, valued 
at 12 marks; in the reign of Edward I. when die rector had a 

* Terra Alani Comitis— -Ordesteda, sol.— —Appendix Regist. Hon, Richrlit 

t«n. Sc's Bened. T. R. E. ii car. tre. fol. 15. 

Km. iiii vill. t'nc. ct p% v bor. mo. x • Reg. Alleyn Nony;— Reg* Wolman^ 

*mp, i car. in d'nio ct i car. horn, et it ptt a, tol. 8, 
»• p'ti, Mlva vi por. temp* val. xx 

48 I R S T E A D. 

manae, and 7 acres of land, the abbot of Holme was p^tron^ and had 
a portion of tithe, valued at one mark, and Pe^er-pence Sd. 

The present yalor is 6/. ISs. 4di and is discharged, and the Bishop 
of Norwich is patron, the pension of 1S<. 4rf. came to and remaios in 
the Bishop of Norwich. 


fVilHanif son of Bartholomew de Recdham, was rector, sans 

1306, Mr. Walter de Pykeryng instituted, presented by the abbot. 
Bartholomew, occurs rector in the 20th o( Edward III. 

1349, William de Wykham, presented by the King, the tempo* 
ralities of the abbey bein^ then in the King ; this was the great 
Wickam, after Bishop of Winchester, as is probable. 

1376, Thomas de Botolvesdale, by the abbot. 

]399> Simon Weston. 

1S99> Thomas Dukesday. 

1400, John Goderd. 

1402, Mr. Maurice Campeden. 

1403, Henry Planterose. 
1436, John Ruche. 
1437^ John Snirreve. 

John Hed, rector. 
1447, William Hukins. 
1453, Mr. Robert Benet. 
1460f John Brown. 
1485, John Yelverton. 
1506, Thomas Cabell. 
1513, Henry Bronde. 
1533, John Akers. 

1554 Robert Constable, by the assignees of the Bishop of Norwich* 
] 556, Robert Curies by the Bishop. 
1593, John Bird, in 1003, he returned 46 communicants. 

1612, William Titlof. 

1613, Edward Lee^. 

Miles Birkhead, rector. 

1662, John Sheringham. 

168O, Robert Stone, by the Bishop. 

nil, Henry Fish. Ditto. 

John Huntington, died rector 1755. 

1755, William Hay, collated by the Bishop. 

1762, Henry Heaaley. Ditto. 

The rector paid 6s. Bd. per ann. to the sacrist of St. Bennei, for 
mynstre sheafes. 

The abbot erected a wooden bar in the water between this town 
add Tunsted, whereby the passage of boats, 8cc. was stopped, and the 
sheriff had orders to remove it, in the 18th of Edward 1. at the 
abbot^s costs ; that the boats, &c. might pass under the bridge of 

In the 1st of King John, West Derham abbey had a confirmation 
of 6s. Bd. rent out of a nflU here. 


JVUHam de Redham, rector of this church, impieaded the abbot of 
Holm,* for the tithe of the lands of Sir Stephen de Redham, brother 
of Williamy and it was adjudged to the abbot, by the abbot of Col^' 
Chester, delegated by the bisbop on this account. 

The lemfas are 51. ISt. 8i/.— Deducted \Ss. 4d. 


^''ALLBD in Domesday Book, Snete$herd, taking its name from the 
bead of some siream or rivulet here rising formerly, called the Inet, 
thus Snettsham, Sneieston, 8cc.; the abbot of St. Bennet, was lord of it 
in King Edward's reign , and at the survey, and hud 5 carucates of 
land, with 5 villains, and l6 borderers, one carucate in demean, 6 
among the tenants, 4 cows, &c. and 27 socmen held here 8 carucates 
valued at 4/. it was one leuca and half long, and one broad, paid 28 
gell, and there was a church with 10 acres.^ 

This iordflibip was given to the abbot by King Canute on his foun- 
dation of that monastery. In the Register of Holm. foK 121>may be 
seen in the customary tenants and their services belonging to the 
abbey maoor. 

In the 2dd of Edward I. William de Stalham aliened lands here, 
in Irsted and Beestony to that abbey, and in the 9th of Edward II. 
the abbot, Reginald le Grooi and nillidm de Burwood were returned 
to be lords; in the 10th of that King» Henry Brook aliened g messu- 
ages C>4 acres of land here in Honing f Berton, and Smalburgh; and in 
the 14th of Richard 11. the abbot bad license for the manor of Bur» 
,wood in this town, and 10 acres of land in Potter Heigham, granted 
by John Thorp, of the yearly value of 6^, 

Their temporalities in 1428, were 1 1/. 14s. 4d. 

Oa the Dissolution, on an exchange 'of lands between King 
Henry VIK. and the Bishop of Norwich, it was granted to that see. 

In the 4th and 5th of Philip and Mary, ihe rents of assise were 
14/. 125. 7d. — rents of the tenants of Burwood 26s. — of the farm of 
the rectory, the manor and fold-course 9/* lOi. id. — perquisites of 
court ----»•— Rent belonging to the sacrist of Holm^ ^Os.-^Beeston 
lectory tithes 26s. 8d. — for the homage of the town of Barton, 
KybaldTs manor 8s. — for the tithes of Barton Grange, extending into 
Joeeston and Smalburgh, in the tenure of John Easpole • -- - - -• — the 
penitentiary's rents 2s. 8d. — the pentors 5d. 

From an old writing without any date, I have taken this following 
account : 

It is intitled, ** A note of all such sums as have been received of 

^ Reg Holm. fol. 104. car. in d'nio. vi car. hom. iiii an ▼ per* 

' Terra Sci Benedicti de Holmo— - et xxvii soc. in cade ten. sep viii car. 

^natesherda' tenet, sep. ide (viz. See val. iiii lib. ht. ileu. et dim. in long, et 

Ben.) y car. trc« sep. v vill. xvi bor. i i leu. in lat. et zxviiid, g. ecclie x 9C. 

VOL. XI. ' H 



the issues . Mi ^dfits of Ntdttsh&d, by the apacte of tO yetfrs 
pasty by Rdteft Dowries^ Esq. iMdd FtancU SkiUing^ bs hIso Mi6)i 
returns Qf ttoQeJjr as the foresaid Francis is to allow fm the fivHi <]if 
such lands as be ib his possessioti^ by decf^^ oat of dMBcery, as ^ko 
of such sums of money as the aibrbsaM Franok is to jecei^ by sittue 
of this award," 

Received by Robert Downes, Esq. here and above his allowances 
67 /• 165. 6d. — Received by Francis Sldlling over and besides all his 
allowances 141/. I65. 1 Id. and be is to allow for the fine of his lands, 
by the decree 96i. 65. ^. and he is to receive of Rookwood in eleven 
years, by \0L per arm. 110/. — Item, to be paid to SbilUngfhy John 
Amoas 61. ISs, 4d. — Item* paid by Rookwood of the rents allowed to 
the Bishop and deffawlked ihxtKif &hillikg's recl^oning 12L 

This Robert Downs was lord of Bodney, and living in the begining 
of Queen Elizabeths reign. 

The Bishop is lord txf the mftfior, and has the approif^Kaled tetOBty. 

The CHDRCtiis>ded)cated to'St. P«fe>s approprrtited hv'WilHn^ 
Turbe Bhhop otHbi^ch, and confirmed b^ Theobald JcNdSbhhob <tf 
Canterbuf^, and a yicarage settled, rained td obktiona, 8cc. lia 1 W8, 
at *8L I3s. 4d. 

Ih the* reign xff King ^ward I. the -vicar had a teatfse, itnd W 
acres of land, and was valued at 40(9. in 'the patronage of 'the «abb(a 
of Hblm, and the appraf>riated rectory at 66 marks ;—'jP0Mr^pfelice 
I9d. the tA^sMt vator of the vicar^e is 31. 13d. id. dfr. and ili 

Odo dt Lodered was presented to the rectory in the I'Mh fffKiof 
Jahn, by hh», on the TackiK^y of an libbdt ; but 'by ttiiteH)res)dnt^tioa it 
s^ertis that the appropriatidn had been «et aside, or mm ihe *King 
disregarded rt; in the year 1943, the abbot grMrted ^ the H^o* 
several landsinesichange for certain tithes. 


In 1301, Clement dt Tkargarton was inatiftated vicav,(ppe0ei»tefl'by 
the abbot. 

1314, Walter 'k Crash. 

1349, Pe/^rde Baldeswell, by the Kin^, *on *he ncdncy lof Iht 
^ dbbey. 

1353, Raiph-de SklinghdM.^ 

Joiih de Cressit^ham f'VicAr. 
1360, JoAa ieWateraeri. 
1381, 'Riehard de hy^tgi 

Henry Stork. 

John Fogheless. 

tVHtinm Efhmti/sdn, died^vicar in ^460. 

William Green, vicar 1603 : communicants 200. 

Thomas* Birdy vicar. 

Thomas Hillj/ard in 1627. 
'1ff76, 7Fi«ia^ atexander, Vifcar, presented \ly the ^Khhtip of 
Korrcich. ... 

1731, -~\HkiW| by the Bishop. 



\73&j William Unr^f fat t^^e Kingi^ l^ie se^ vojd. 

The church ii^ a sfngle pile, covered with rec^j^ oyer th^ pctrcli 
tl^i^s a bell, the steeple bt^^ngj dq^iir^. 

Qq ^h^ l^ft bc\qd i^aar Jthe eatr£^K)ce iqto the ot^ncelj; i§ f^fi ftUair 
tombj and on a brass plate. 

Qrole p. atAi; Joh. Cuhelt et Ekne usoit. g. qi. oit. XFIIP. 
Mmwdjjt. Dni.M.CCCChMXXXFi. 

(I^ gfive t.wo piepes of Und to tbje tovyn^ which they \ipw epjpy^ f^qi^ ^ 
aioney for town stocky now lost. 

Qq the scret^qs are painted the apvpstles \ find ffilliam ]^ubi( g;ave 
tq the p^yntipees of tpis cand|elbem 3.1^ vis. 8fi(. 

On a brass plate, oa a nuurble grave-s^oaft, 

tp^mU iimul ^xjfpms fle<;arfl|?*f eandfiv^^ 

HigxA^^ lucf fia 9<z. ^ta ^ Vitgo 4ffirM« 
Anno miL c qmter, qt^q wngi^ hjmi Tf. tm^, 

JRifor^mm itf^ ^l>i icmr c^licq v\(€^. 

Tb^ phapcel i^ ppvered \yith reed,— fhe chprch s|an(|s aJQpe. 

r,. \ I., .i,.. I.,... jii ji I 

H O H N I N G. 

At the sorvey this town was found to be part of the possessions of 
thej^bot of Holm, who had S earucates or land, id villains, II bor.- 
dems, and 2 servi in the Confessor's time, &c. also £ carucate.s ii^ 
demean, and 6 ajTiong the tenants, 100 act'es of meadow, pauna^e for 
100 $wine, one mill, a runcus, 4 cows, with J6Q sheep^ valued a.t 4L 
was one leuca $ind an half ion&^, and one broad, and paid 6d. ^elt.' 

Tb6 pbbot and convent had also at the said time lordships in th^ 
ibKowing towns; — In fVaUham hand red, FiskUy, WaUhamy Baslwick, , 
ReedAam, l^/ow;— In Fourkou hundred. Car let on ;— In Hqrth ^r- 
pinghan^ hundred, Thurgarton, Scripeden, Repes, Atting ; — Fk^ Ifpst 
haodred, Winterionj, Roll€%hy» Jtsseby, Tkur^, Obtfy Bmgh^ BUtockkyf 
B^artb^m, Repps, Vlip^, Therdweiby; — In Henstede hundred, Sko^ 
teskafn» (irenspillj Saxlin^hqm; — In Lothing hundred, Hardale;— In 
l^njhrd faupdrei^^ Wichingham; — In Taveriuim hunored, Rorli^mt 
Mckfv ;-r-l^ Sofith Etpingham hundred, Seoihow^ Esioti, Swanton, 
CaUhorp, liwait, Hoboi8,lFutington, Bdmngham, fVelterton, Bclegd, 

« fitfi icto jjb|hiicr7T-rT--HvnJj?ghfuji silva. c. pore. sep. i xmfi. ixugc. ii\ian. 

tenet stmp. S«^.-p. iiig^r, tec. se^.^yiii x pore. .cc^l^)[ av, ^p. .5al. ujf lip>^ hU 

▼ill. zi bor. fi ser. roo. ^uU. ,^p. ii .C9jr* i leu. et dim. ia' long, et i leu. la laU et 

in d'oio. et vi carl horn, et c. ac. p'ti. vid. de g. 


tVickmere ;— Jn Tunstede hundred^ Hortnng, Netished, Hoveton, WaU 
iham, Felmingham, Paston, WidUuna^ Worsted, Beseton, Riston, Dil" 
ham, Saley, Smalburgh, Barton, Honing; — In Happing hundred, 
Ludham, Waxham, Wimpwell, Stalham, Hincham, Ecc/es ; — In East 
JRegg hundred, Filby, Scroteby, Castor; — In Humble Yard hundred, 
Hecham; — In Deepwade hundred, Tibenham. 

The family of De Glanvile were early enfeoffed of considerable lands 
in this town, &c. held of the abbot. Burtholomew de Glanvile, eldest 
son of William, founder of Bromholm priory ,• had S parts of a fee 
here, and in Holm, (a part of this town,) of the old feofment in the 
reign of Henry II. 

Holm was a solitary place in the marshes, called Cowholm, Sec. and 
given (according to tradition of the monks) by Horus, a little pr'rnce, to 
a society of Migious hermits, under th^ government of one Suneman, 
about the year 800, who (with the chapel of St. Benedict by them, 
here built) were all destroyed in the general devastation of this coun- 
try by the Danes, under Inqvar and Hubba, in 870. 

In the next centurv, Wolfrici a boly man^ gathered seven com- 
panions here, and rebuilt the chapel and houses ; they had resided here 
some years, when King Canute^ the Ddne, founded' and endowed at 
Holm an abbey of Benedictine monks before 1020. 

This abbey was fortified by the monks with strong walls, &c. that 
it resembled more a castle than a cloister, and as tradition says, held 
out some time against King William 1. till betrayed by the treachery 
of one of the monks, on condition of his being made abbot, and on 
his promotion, was ordered to be hanged direcUy. 

From an old manuscript in the college of Corpus Christi, Cambridge, 
wrote by William Botoner, alias Worceter, gentleman, who lived in 
the reign of Edward IV. and in Uie family of Sir John Falstolf at 
Castre in "NorfolJc, and was one of his executors ; many curious ac« 
counts.relating to this monastery, I have transcribed. 

The abbey church, from the east window, to the west door, together 
with the choir, was (as he expresses it) Degradibus mew, Anglice Step- 
pys, 148. — ^The breadth of the choir and presbytery 17 gradus. The 
breadth of the south isle of this church, which was built by Sir John 
Fastolf,^ 1 1 gradus, and the length of it from ease to west^ 58 gradns ; 
this last appears to have been a beautiful pile, built of, and vaulted with, 
free-stone, and had 7 large windows to the south The length of the 
north isle was 68 gradus, the breadth 12 gradus. The length of the 
choir and stalls, 24 gradus. The length of the high altar was 17 of 
Botoner's spans, and that of the south isle, 15 ; the space of the bell 
tower that stood in the midst of the church was 22 feet. 

The Frayter^ was 40 virgae long to the pantry door, and 7 broad. 

Master Thomas Newton built Trinity chapel in the abbey church. 

The following nobility were admitted to be brethren here. 

1^04, Sir Thomas Fastolf, on the dd of the calends of March. 
1506, John, Duke of Lancaster, Ralph Stafford* Nicholas Pelham, 
William Mayley. 1554, the lady Eve de Judelcy with her two daagh* 
ters. 1544, the lady Maud, wife of Sir John de Kayly. Lady Mary, 

• Lib. Rub. Sc'cij. Mary, on the side of the chancel, or prcs- 

' Sir John also built the chapel of St« bytery where he was buried. 

* Refectory, or Hall. 


Countess Marshal. \SAly Sir Ralph Bigot, rector of Trunch. ]34^# 
Lady Joan de Ha$tyn$ Coantess of Huntingdon, Sir Miles Stapleton, 
Sir jRalph de BenhaUs, Sir Richard de Ilney. 1 354, Sir Ralph de Ben^ 
hale. Sir Richard de Ilneif^ 13o4,Sir John de Ufford. 1362, Sir James 
de Atideley, and Lady Eva de Judeley. 1339, 3ir John de Bardolf. 
1344, Sir Hush le Peverel, and Lady Maud his wife. 

Buried in Ine abbey church: Grynolf, a Dane, and alderman, who 
died October 1; and Duke Edward. 1075, Ralph Bj/got, Earl of Nor^ 
folk, to whom the Conqueror gave it, and married the daughter of 
William Fiiz-Osbert, and died December 3. (Botener is here much mis* 
taken, the Byeots were not £arl8 of Noifolk till a considerable time 
after, the Ralph above mentioned was Ralph Guader, who rebelled 
against the Conqueror, and was an outlaw.) 

Margaret, a blessed saint, killed in Littlewood, in the township of 
Hofton St. John's in Norfolk, in 1 170, on the I Ith of the calends of 
June, and buried under the high or principal alt[ir of the monasteryj 
amongst the relics. Sir John raux, lord of Caster. Sir John Bacon, 
died January 5. Thomas de Bresyngham, died January l6. WUliam 
de Ringfeud. Lady Joan de Brews, died the 3d of the ides of May. 
fVittiam de Ormesby, chief justice of England. Sir William Fastolf, 
son of Sir John Fastolf, Sir Richard Newton. 1444, Oliver Holcon^b 
died jipril 3, he was one of the abbot's esquires for 50 years. 1451, 
Robert de Clypesby, died February 24. 

The obits of several benefactors, abbots, &c. as they were severally 

King Canute, November 12. St. Wolfey, the first hermit at Holme, 
December 3. Ralph Earl of Norfolk, December 3. (of this Ra^h see 
above.) Elsin^ abbot, October 23. Thurston, abbot, October 7. EdeU 
wold, November 14. Anselm, December 9« Daniel, November 9. 
Nicholas, November 15, and Henry, December 14, and Sir Henry de 
Hastyngs, May 13. 

The general commemoration for all their benefactors, abbots, fee. 
was on October 2. * 


Elsin in 1046. 

Thurstan de Ludham, buried in the abbey churchy with this epitaph 
CD bis tomb. 

Abbas Mausoleo Thurstanusjacet in isto, 
Qutfuit egregius pastor gregis ipse secundus, 
Hufus canobef decus, sibi gaudia cali 
Det, cujus exequias celebramus (Bque d^lentes, 
Nonas Octobris cut Christus misereatur. l604» 

Edlwold ; King Harold is said to have granted to him the custody 
of this county, and on the Conquest he fled into Denmark, and never 

Richer, or Ricliard, a Norman, occurs abbot as is said in 1125, his 
olut on January 19« 

Conrade in 1 127, a monk and sacrist of the Holy Trinity in Can* 
terbury, and Confessor of King Henry L died February 17. 


« at 

WilHam Basset in 1135. 

It seems to me that Richer and Conrade the abbots lived befbra th^ 
time aborementioned; this WtUiam gave to his relation JtichardBasr 
9etf the manor of Heyham by Nortpi^, by deed sam date, %o which 
deed ffiltimn the archdeacon^ &c. were, witnesses, this was fVi^fim 
Fiiz Humphrey, who was made archdeacon of Norwich in 1 124 { s^nd 
I find William Basset,* to be abbot in the £8th qt Henry I jf^ 1127. 

jtnselm, abbot in 1 140^ he was prior of Dover. 

Daniel,* abbot in 1 ]5S, he was a layman, and a glass-ro^ker, (vir 
triarius) or glazier ; King Stephen declared, that if he had known hgw 
to sing mass he would have made him Archbishop of Canterbury : 
was a married man, and had a son, Henry Daniel, a great coippanion 
of Archbishop Becket, and, as Botoner says, became abbot of Ram- 
sey, 8cc, 

Hugh, nephew of Kipg Stephen, and a noble koio^ht, succeeded 

William, the £d, in 1168. 

Thomas the Good in 1 186, a monk» and prior of Tofts in Norfqlk. 

Ralph occurs abbot -i*. 1 Richard I. 1 190, omitted by Botoner* 

John, abbot, died as Boteuer in l£ld, called John le Chauncel, or 
Chamofit, was a monk of Bury^ and died December 31 ; this John I • 
find to be abbot in the 7th Richard I. 1 196. 

Botener names Ralph.ihe 2d, to be abbot in 1210, though he men* 
lions no Ralph the first, was a great builder, and lived at the Interdict. 

Reginald,* 1225. 

Sampson, died 1237, May VI 9 living in 1234. 

Robert de Thirkeby, died 125 1, August 12. 

William de Ringfeud died 1253. 

jidam de Netesnead, died 1268, August ig. 

Richard de Bukenham, died 1275, June 8. 

Nicholas de Walesham, occurs in 1286, died in 1302, fiovember |5. 
. Henry de Brook, died in 1325. 

John de Aylesham in 1346, February 7. 

Robert de Aylesham in 1349. 

William de nadesco, in 1394. 

William de Methelwold in 1395. 

Robert de Saucta Fide, in 1396. 

Simon de Brygham in 1411, July 19- 

In the Duke's Palace Yard at hortdcK at the entrance of a house 
near the riv^r, lies a large grave-stone witli an abbot in his robes cut 
thereon, brought from me ruias of this abbey, and tfaus inscribed, 

Frater Ricardus de S&uth^WaUham^ Abbas Monasttrif Sancti Be- 
nedictide Hulmo,qui obiit Anno Domy Quadnngeni€smo,vicesima 
nofio, with the er«iB of the monastery. 

Richard de.Soutk Walsham, in 1439, on July 11. 

John Martyn in 1459^ July 18. 

John Keving,* he resigned. 

9 The Author of Ncustri* Pia calls of Hcnrv III. laiS, ^ad Sampson in ^c 

him Gulicr. Bussus, and says tic was a 15th of Hcnrv III. 1230. 
monk of Utica in Normandy, p. 118. « This John KcTing was iasMultd 

■ Daniel built Uie ClMipttrr Uouie, the rector of *$nialbargb io «4«S> andmUd 

Dormitory, and thchospHal of St. James, late abbot, oi 5t- Eonct V, ^ bcl4 4 tHi 

* Reginald occurs abbot in the zjth his death in 1500. 


Tftomas Tak^dd on Jmt 1 1* 1469^ Aod oocors in 1467* 

JRjotbert Cubit. 

miliam Forest. 

John Reading. 

John Sakot, alias Capon ; Goodwin sayft be was doctor of laws of 
(Cambridge, bot it appears in 1514, be was .admitted S.T.P. of tbat 
University, and was preferred to the see of Salisbury in 1639* 

Wiliam Rt^, alias J^ppi, S.T.D. installed abbot Jpril ^6, 15S0^ 
on Febmary 4, 1535, tbe see of Norwich being void/ an act of par* 
Jiament was passed (though never printed) whereby tbe ancient ba* 
ronir of the see, and its revenues were separated from it, and the priory 
of aicklingf with the barony and revenues of this abbey, were annexed 
to the see of Norwich instead thereof; and in right of this barony, the 
Bishop o( Norwich now sits in the House of Lords, the barony of (he 
•ee being in the Crown : so that this abbey was never dissolved^ onlj 
tnmsferred by the statute, before the Dissolution. 

Hobn was a mitred abbey, and its abbots always sate in the House 
pf Lords. 

After this Rugg was elected by tbe monks of Norwich, May 3 U 
. 1556, Bishop of Norwichi — Lelund calls him--- Ftr profecto eandidUr 
fimus, et mihifamiliariter cognitus, turn pratcrea, theohgus ad unguem 

The revenues of this abbey were grent ; - in the 26th of Hemy VHL 
it was valued at 58S/. 17^. ob. q. as Dugdale, and as Speed at 
€77lm Qt* Sd. q. as appears from Bisnop Tanner. 

King Edward the Confessor was a benefactor, granted them manj 
privileges, and confirmed those of King Canute, as did Maud the 
£iDpres8, King Henry H. Richard L &c. 

Many of the royal family visited it in 146g, on Wednesday,\n Whit-* 
mnday week ; tbe mayor, and aldermen, and about 100 citizens of 
AonvfcA waited pn horseback on the King's mother bere^ with %, 
|»etition to hen 

This was one of the monasteries that King John kept in his owijk 
iiands, in the time of the Pope's interdict. 

In 1487, John Jermy^ Esq. of Metfield in Suffolk, deposited in the 
hands of Thomas Pak^eld, then abbot, whom he appointed one of 
his executors, two hundred marks, as a maintenance for a priest, to 
aiog herein for his souL 

^ The worthy Society of Antiquaries have at their cost, printed % 
"news of the west (or principal) gate of this abbey now in ruins, by 
ivbicfa it appears to have been a sumptuous stately pile ; over one 
aide of the arch of this is represented, a person, with a sword in his 
right band, and on the other a lion, both injured, and much defaced 
thioogh time. This, wiUi submission I take to be figures much mis# 

In a grant of the manor of Heyham by Norwich ,by William Bos* 
aei, abbot, and the convent sans date, to Aichard Basset ; we find this 
femarkaUe seal : 

A person in a close vest, or tuniek, and a gown, part of it to be 
•een hanging behind himi with a lofly cap issnine out of a ooronet| 
•ad holding a great broad sword in his right handj wherewith he has 

. • Notit Moa. p. n^ 

8^ H ORKINa 

Eterced the tfosfcrfls of a great dragon segf^t, (holding in hk ttontb 
y the waist a young man) and ready to seize on the person with the 
sword, and an oblong shield before him» and near the riiB of this seal 
ia in capital letters, the word — CARDlBASi See the flatty voL 

All which is to represent the miraculous rescae of an idle young 
monk, (by St. Bennett as the Romuh Legends say,) who fled from his 
eonwent, and was forthwith seized on by the Xtevil, (represented by 
the Dragon,) and returned safe to his convent. 
' Rkhard^ Basset, to whom William, the abbot and couTent granted 
the aforesaid manor, was Hying ia the reign of Henty I. and thea 
Lord Chief Juatice of £iig&iiti2. 

Over the arch of the said gale are the arms of Delapole Earl of 
iSsg^olk. — Btauchamp Earl of Warwick ; the Earl of Clare^^Vaknce 
J^arl of Pembroke. — Earl of Arundel, 8cc. 

On the east side of the said gate,, on the sides of the arch, are the 
itftta of England, and of France^ and over it, those of Arundel, £r- 
pingham, Hastings, tic. 

' la the- beginning of the reign of King Edward IV. I find the fol- 
lowing jingling rhymes wrote aa a Ipmpoon on this abbey : 

Porticum Regale, Fanum Ghxdiale, 

Signum Capiiale, Hospitalitas parcimomale. 

Sordidum Mappale, Irms in Caminisjrigidale, 

Olus sine Sale, yadia Setvientium valde vaaeL 

Ctrviua Novale; tdeo hospites ibunt, ^ine vale. 

Stratum Lapidale, Fastol/eis ber^f actor ampUale, 

Stabu/um Sordidale. Et valde cito monachis Jmmtmoriale. 

At the head of the causey going down to St. Bennetts abbey in the 
1)eginDingorKing Henry theThird's reign, was en hospital dedicated 
4o M. James, under the government of the almoner of the monastery, 
and this was granted also to the see of Norwich. 

Th« Church of Horntng was dedicated (asltake it) to Su Bennett 
the rectory was appropriated to that abbey, and the vicarage was valued 
then 9i two marks, the rectory at IS marks^ ip the r^ign of E4toard (• 
there belonged to the vicar a manse, with an acre of land, the presei;^ 
valor is 4/. \Ss. 4cf. the presentation was in the abbot, eed so qaujie to t^ 
Bishops of NorvJcA. 

Here was the guild of Su Michael. 


JoAtt, occurs vicar in 12g9« 
1300, William de Brundale instituted. 
13 19^ Hervey de Brok. 
1334, Bicher de Foxele. 
1340, William te Cooke. 
"kSlS, J<dm Gernoun^ * 
1381, Henry Ctedtm 
\W>, Jahn Gresham* 
I AW, John Colney. 


P A S T O N. «f 

1485, Skhard Chapman. 
1431, John Thinton. 
1433, William Watton. 
1437, John Foster. 
1441, John Smith. 
1443, John Brown. 
1488, Robert Palmer. 
liOS, Roger Humpfrey. 

In 1593> Sty ward occurs vicar. 

1613, John Dix, collated by the Bishop. 
1662, John Sheringham. 
1730, George Kenrick. 
1762, John Blackburn. 

P A S T O N. 

iH B great maoor of Bdcton extended into this town, and was held 
of the Glanviles; Bartholomew de Glanvile^ son of William de Glan* 
•vile, gave the church of Paston, of which town he was lord and patron^ 
to the priory of Bromholm, founded by his father. 

On the death of Jeffrey de GlaimUj this lordship came to his five 

-ttaters and coheirs about the beginning of King Henry the Third's 

reign, the famiU^s of De Peche, Uuntingfield's, Lechers, Latimer*$, tee. 

whose interest therein centred in the Pastons, aa may be seen ia 



In the reign of King Edward^ and at the survey, St. B^ iiiie/'f.abbey of 
Holm haa a lordship, consisting of a carucate of land, <l villains, 2 bor* 
derers, with half a carucate of the tenants, and a mill, valued at lOc* 

It was one leuca long, and 4 broad, and paid 15^. gelt,' and was 

given to find provision for the monks. 

Amehn^ the abbot, soon after the Conquest, granted to O^fteme, the 
priest of Paston^ lands of St. Bennet in fee to him and his heirs, and 
JViUiam, abbot in the reign of King Stephen, gave to Richer de Pom^ 
ton, son of Osberne, son of Griffin de Thwait, all the land of the con* 
▼ent here, with their men, &c. which continued in the Paston family 
many centuries, and was sold after the death of William Piston Earl 
of Yarmouth, to the Lord Anson^ with Oxnead, and many othei'lord* 
■bips which descended on that Lord's death in 17 --, to his brotbec 
ana heir, .-.—— Anson, Esq. is now lord of the whole town» 

' Tern Sd Benedict! de Hulmo ad in d'nio. dim. car. horn. no. i ro<A«vaU 
▼icm' Monaoior'-— ^Pastuna ten. S.B« x sol. ht. i Icug. io long, et iiii in Ut« 
T.R*£. i car. tre* ii viU. ii. bor. i car.- e( ^vd. g. 

•yfQU XI. I 

48 . P A S T O W . 

Bishop Rwg, in the S4ih of HentyYllL exchanged with Sir Tho 
moi Poitan, hSit. one of ihei privy chamber, the manor of Pasion, for 
Deninsham rectorvy ftc. 

IVilRam Earl fVarren had a grant of a lordship^ of which 5 freemen 
were deprived; a camcate and 30 acres of land belonged to it, with 
one villain, 19 borderers, 5 carocates, 2 bovuies and ^ acres of mea- 
dow, a mill, and a church with one acre, valued at 40s. and the abbot 
of Holm had the soc;* Turold held it under ihe Earl at the survey. 

John Earl fVarren was lord in the 15th of Edward I. and had 
view of frank-pledge, assise of bread, &c. and free warren, i n the 9th 
of Edward 11. the Paitons held it of the said lord, as they had done 
nif^ny years. Clement de PaUon, who married Cecily, daughter and 
heir of William Leach, had the grant of an oratory, or chapel in his 
house at Potion, in 1314, and so was annexed to their other tenures. 

William dc Scohies held also at the survey, 20 acres of land and «, 
borderer, of which a freeman was deprived, who was under the pro* 
tection only of Edric, valued at \2d7 This came after to the Earl of 
Clare, and was held of that honour by the Pasions. 

In 16039 ^he manors of Potion, Leachet, Latimer*s and Huntings 
field, &c. were valued in the whole, at 238/. I3s. 7d. with 172 comh, 
3 bushels of barley, 8cc. and out of these there were 3/. 9$* lOd^. per 
ann. to the manor of Gymingham, by Sir William Potion, 

l^he old hall of this family stands near to the church, and had 9 
courts; in the inner court is a well ; the buttery hatch, with the hall, 
is standing, but the chambers over it^ and the chapel, are in ruins. 

Over a door of the great staircase, out of the hall, the arms of Berrg 
are carved. Sir WilUam Potion the judge married a daughter and 
heir of Sir Edmwnd B^rry* 

The church was a rectory, dedicated to St. Margaret, valued at 15 
marks and an half, and was granted by Bartholomew de GlauvUe to 
Bromholm priory, with 52 acres of land, and being appropriated^ a 
vicarage was settled, valued at 20s. Peter-pence lOd. 

The present valor is 6/. I3i. 4d. and is discharged : it consists of one 

9 and a chancel covered with reed, has a square tower and 5 bellsj 


In 1325, William Kenyng insUtuted vicar, presented by the prior 
of Bromholm. 

1333, Robert Bradenham. Ditto. 

1349, Robert de Helghetone succeeded Clement Clerk. 
1353, Reginald Martin. 

1350, Thomat Trendel. 
1363,' Robert Spacy. 
1378, Richard Bithop. 
1388, Robert Kilvertton. 
1400, Robert de Patton. 

^ Tre Willi de Wanrenoa-— >In Fis- ac« p^. tc. 1 mol. i eoclla i car. et vrf* 
tuna Turoldus ten/ libos. ho'es. i car* SL. lol. S oca Sci Benedicd. . 
tre. et zzx ac sq>* i vill. ct six Iwr. ' Terra WilU. 4e $coliies.TrrrIn Psa* 
sep» V canet ii bov* silva vipor* etii tiioa, i lib. ho. Sdrid cQm'4>.taniM' ^x 

ac« vn^Mj^ i bar* ^ valt xji4« : 

P A S T N* 50 

1409, Rilhard it rauiiom. 

1442, Jo/m Pertrifk. 

1447, mUiam Pope. 

l^^bf John Cok* 

UGo, Hoberi Williamttm. 

14fi4, William IVarnir. 

1484, George Huddespath, by a Bishop, a lapse. 

1514, John Bishop ot CakeaoUf and prior otBromholm. 

li^2, Robert Colietit, Deci^t. Dr. 

On the OisBolutio'n, King f/enry VIII.coQTeyed to Thomas Wood* 
house of tfathamf the patronage onhis vicarage, with the appropriated 
rectory, on June d,' in bis d7th year ; and in the 19th of EHzabeih, 
Uemty WoodhtnUe had license to sell it to William Pasion. 

In f f]().i, Edward Bury was curate, and returned 127 commonicants. 
Sir tVilltam Paston then received all the profits, allowing some her* 
bages to the curate. 

163(>, Thomas Jcres^ presented vicar, by William Pasion, Esq. 

|64(>, Edw. Warner. Ditto. 

1645, tienry DickituoHf bv Sir William Pasion, Baronet. 

17^, Timothy Jones, by the Bishop. 

17d7, William Utoekles. Ditto. 

In the church was the guild of St. Ethelbert, and the li^ht of Bek^ 
Mthe^ alias Bekkergate, maintained by that part of the parish. 
^ 'i here i.^ a curious tooib in the chancel, erected for the Lady Cathe* 
T%9te Paston, with her effigies, made by the famous statuary Mr. 
hichalas Stone, and set up by him in 1629, for which be was paid 
340/. and was very extraordinarily entertained. 

7b tie reviving memory of the vertuous and right morttiy Lady Dame 
Katherine Pasion, daughter of the right worshipfull Sir Thomas Knc" 
vet, Kt. and wife of ^ir Edward Paston, with whom she lived in Wed^ 
lock ^6 years, and had issue two sons yet surviving, William and nomas: 
shewed March 10, 1628. 

The same statuary also erected a monument here for Sir Edmsmd, 
which cost 100/. 

Juxta hoc marmorposita sunt exuvia D^ni Edmi. Paston ^uitis 
Qurati qui obt. Ano. D^ni. 1628, atat. sue 48. 

Here were also buried Clement Paston, Esq. and Beatrice his wife, 
he died in 1419; between the south door, ana the tomb of his wife, 
the father and mother of Sir William the judge. Also a monument 
for Erasmus Paston, Esq. and his wife Mary, daughter of Sir Thomas 
Windham, ornamented with brass plates, tcc« 

Mention is made of a chapel in the meadows. 

* Iq 1571 Robert Stele, presented by Mary Paston, widow, on the desth^ 

Thomas PretteUod. 


S L O L E Y. 

1 HE capital lordship of this village was at the survey in Ralph de 
Beau/oe, and was. held by a socman of St. Bennett abbey in King 
EdwartTs time; there belonged to it a carucate of land, 12 villainSyS 
borderers, with £ carucates and an half, and 6 acres of meadow, &«• 
and 3 socmen had \6 acres^ &c. valued at 405. and was 6 furlongs 
long and 5 broad, paid 4d.ob. gelt, and a church with one acre valued 
at 2ii. belonged to it.' From the Beaufocs, it after came to the Mar- 
shah, and Lord Morley. 

The abbot of St Bennefs had also at the survey, one socman, wUb 
16 acres, valued at \6d. 

The ancient family of Lt GroBs, of whom an account at lavfje mav 
be seen in Crosiwick, was enfeoffed of this manor* Sir Reginald h 
Gross was lord and patron in the time of King Stephen, and held of 
the descendants of de Beavfoe, barons of Rye. 

One of the same name was living in 1247, and in 1289, and in 1313, 
the lordship, 8cc. was settled for life on Sir Reginald, remainder on 
Oliver his son. 

In the 35ih of Edward III. Alianore, late wife of Oliver le Gran, 
was found to have held it, and John was her son, and being a knight, 
presented to this church in IS75, and 1383. 

Oliver le Gross, Esq. presented in 1432, and by his will, dated July 1, 
1439> proved l6th of March following,' requires to be buried in the 
chapel of St. James in this church ; appoints William Yeherion, the 
King's justice of his bench, John Groos, 8cc. his executors; to the 
said John he gives the manor of Irsted, and to Rowland his 2d son, 
ibis of Sloley, and 10/. to the repair of Sloley church. 

John Gross, Esq. son of Oliver^ presented to this chorcb in 1440r 

Robert Ashfield, son of John Jshjield^ and Amicia his wife, daugh- 
ter and heir of Symon Gross, first son of Oliver, and his wife, convey 
their right herein to Edward Jenney, in the 18th of Edward IV* and 
at this time there seems to be a moiety of this manor in the Ashjieldu 

In 1522, Sir Edmund JenneuAxtA seised of it, leaving it to Francis 
his grandson and heir, which Francis and Margaret his wife, convey 
a moiety of the manor of Sibley, 5 messuages, a watermill, 300 acres 
of land, 12 of meadow, 40 of pasture, 5 of wood, 100 of heath, 50 of 
marsh, and 1005. rent here, and in other towns, to John Gross, who 
in the first of Edward VL with Elizabeth his wife, sold it to Miles 
Cross with the advowson. 

In the Grosies it continued (as in Crostwick) till conveyed to the 
Walpoles Earls of Orjord, where it r^mains^ 

* T'rc. R. de Bellofago. In Sla. qr. in long, et V qr. in lat. c. iiiid. ct 

leia i sochaman S^ci. B. i car. t're. semp. obolu' de g. i ecclia i ac. et val. iid.«* 

zii vili. et viii bor. et ii car. et dim. et Terra S'ci Holme— -In Ss» 

▼i ac. p'ti. siWa xxvi por. et iii soc. xvi loia i soc. xvi ac. vaK xvid. 

ac sep. dim. car. et vaK xl sol. et ht. vi ' Reg. AHeyn Norw. iS6. 

S L O L E y. fll 

Rainald, son of Ivo, had a small (e^ beld.of bim by Roger, 20 acres 
nhich Scheit beld in the demeans of Scot how at the survey^ one viiiaia 
belonged to it, and it was valued in Scothow.* 

I find no farther account of this^ and so was united (as I take it) to 
the Le Gross fee. 

The tenths were 51. The temporalities of Bromholm priory were 
12s. and of St. Bennefs abbey 175. lOd. ob, and for these Ids. 4a. were 
deducted out of the said tenths. 

The Church was dedicated to St. Bartholomew^ valued in the reign 
of Edward I. at 9 marks, and was a rectory. Sir Reginald W Gross 
was then patron. The rector had a manse and 16 acres. Pe/er-pence 
\2d. The present valor is 5L Qs. Sd. and is discharged. 

The church has a nave^ and 2 isles covered with lead^and thechan* 
eel with reedj and a tower with 3 bells. 


John occurs rector 1299. . 

1324^ Reginald le Gross instituted, presented by Oliver le Grosn 
1334, William Carman. Ditto • 
1360, Thomas de Hemenhale, by the Bishop, a lapse. 
1375, Henrj/ de Taterford, by Sir John Groo$. 
2383, John Costeyn. Ditto. 
1395, John Hood, by Sir Miles Staphton. 
1452, Thomas Depham, by Oliver Groos, Esq. 
1440, Francis Norwich. Ditto. 
1457, William Fuller, by John Groos, Esq* 
I486, Robert Glaveyn. 
1503, Edward Jenney, by John Groos, Esq. 
1511, Mr. Robert Peyne, 
1552, Mr. Thomas Duke, 

1557, Roger Overy, by Miles Groos, Gent* 

1558, Richard Lusher, A.M. Ditto. 

1559f Robert Certeon, by Thomas Groos, Esq. 
1560, Edward Rust. Ditto. 
In 1603, he returned 55 communicants. 
1610, Robert Thexton, by Thomas Gryme Esq. 
16£5, Edmund Simonds, by Sir Charles le Groos. 
1628, Samuel Dyke. Ditto. 

John Roland^ rector. 
|66(, Valentine Husband, by Thomas Groos, Esq. 
1662, Edmund Wharton. Ditto. 
1679^ John OmbUr, by Charles Harman le Groos, Esq.. 
1693, John Rolfe. Ditto. 
1712, Noah Vialis, rector. Ditto. 
1720, Mundeford Spelman. Ditto. 
1736, John Wakeman, by Robert Lord Walpok. 
1753, Thomas Bateman, by Margaret Countess of Orford. 

* Terra Rainaldl filij Ivonis. qua. ten. Scheit in D'nio de Scothow^ 

In Slaleia ten. ide (viz. Roger.) xx ac. sep. i vill. et e. in p'tio de Scothow* 


17M» Jomfs Jdamrnn, by John Skurp, hae we. 

In tlie church was the chapel of St. Jame$.—John T^tw, priest, 
boried in the charch, gave a mass book with silver clasps, >i peyr of 
chalices of silver and gilt, with a vestment of black velvet, in 15£4. 
Uoberi Glwme tector, died 1603, and has a gravestone in the chaaceL 


vVa 8 the lordship of Ralph, brother of I^ar, and l6 socmen held 
120 acres under him, and 5 caracates and an acre of meadow, valued 
at 20t.' It takes its name as lying on meadows by some rivulet. 

Several persons had an interest herein. Thomas de fValcote, bv deed 
sans date, released as lord, to Roger de Feile, the moiety of this church t 
witnesses, Sir Roger de Gyney, Adam Groos, &c. The Roscelines had 
also a lordship here and in Honing.^ Sir John de Veile of WUton, and 
Xe/ia his wife, released their right in a moiety of the advowson, with 
lands in WiUon, as did John le Veile their son. 

In the 51st of Edward III. Thwnas RosceUne had a charter of free 
warren in his demean lands. Reginald de Dunham, heir of John le 
Veile, gave to the abbey of Bromholnr, 8 acres of land in this town 
and Bromholm, and the advowson of a moiety of the church, which 
he held with his manors of Fishley and Wition, which he held of the 
Kin^ by keeping a goshawk for the King. Esch. Vt Edw. L This 
Reginald was son of Beatrix, sister and heir of John, son of Sir John 
le feile. 

Peter RosceUne, John de Vaux, John de Gymingham, William de 
Crostwtyt, &c. were returned to have interests nere as lords, in thegtb 
of Edward II. 

This was in the Earl of Orford in 1700, and the Countess of Orford 
held it in jointure in 1760. 

The prior of Bromholm had also a lerdship in the 3 1st of Edward L 
he had license to receive in mortmain the advowson of this church, 
with, lands in fVitton and Bacton ; and in the 4lst of Edward III. he 
was impleaded for stopping the water-course at Ridlington bridge, 
between fVitton and Rialingion, and ordered to let it have its usual 
course. " ' ' 

On the Dissolution it seems to be granted to Sir Thomas Woodhotuet 
with the advowson ; and his son Sir John had livery of it about the 
15th of Elizabeth. The temporalities of the priory were valued ia 
1428, at 2^. a4. 

) Terra Ranuifi fratris Tlgert. ■ ^ Reg. promh* fol. si, sS, lately la 

In Ridlinketuna zvi soc. czx ac. t're. the tenure of Dr. Moor, Bishop of BI^Tr 

•ep. V car. et i ac. p'ti. et Tal. zx sol. and now most likely in the Univ* Li* 

——•Of this manor and of Ralph, see in brary of Camb. 


Joift Nerrii, Esq. wai paUou in 1740, aod lord of thia, as I take it, 
aad in 1762. 

The teaihs were 3/. 10s. Deducted lOi. 
> Here U a fair on Latfy'dinf^ 

The Church is dedicated to St. Peler. In the reign of Edward h 
the prior of Lewe$ had the patronage of a medtety. Mr. Ralph 
Tremyngham (quere if not Gyminsham) was patron of another, each 
mediety yalued at 2 marks and an half. Pe/er-penbe 8^. See in Eait 

The present valor of the rectory is 4?. &• 8(2. and is discharged. 
Wilbam was rector of a medietyin 1254 ; and before this, Mr. Stt^ 
phen dc Sck^d<m in the time of fVilUam Turbe, Blibop of Norwich. 


In 1999, William de Hime instituted, presented by the prior of 

1307, Ralph de BaJtBton. 

ld£4, Richard de Bakctan. 

1349, John de Herlondc. 

l349.,^John Ftend. 

1357f Thomas Markatd. 

1361, John Jtte Wend. 

1368» Simon de Ramesey. 

1383, John de Ridlington. 

13fjO, Roger Jtte Medwc. 

14S2, Nicholas Heylot. 

143 U John Payn. 

1435, Richard Palmer, 

1446, Thomas Prentysse. 

1468, John Kaa, to both medietiei* 

1470, William CopuU. 

1476, John Halle. 

1480, WiUiam Swan^ 

1482, Richard Wood. 

1514, William Watson. 

1518, Edmtatd Tompsoni 

1522, Thomas Baker. 

Richard Crosseley, rector. 

1554, Robert lAndeky, by Sir Thtmutz Wodkhmse, 

1558, Robert Boast. Ditto. 

2576, Robert Bur^h. 

1586, Ifilliam Oliver by the King, a lapse. 

In l60S,,he returned 72 communicants, and that Sir Henry Wode* 
hoi$ee was patron^ but that mediety wm appropriated. 

1621, George Middleton, by Thomas Cannam, hac vice. 

1668, John Elwood, by John Norris, Esq. 

1670, James Ferrer. Ditto. 

17 10, Richard Playters, by John Norris, Esq. to a mediety. 

1712^ George Monk, to a mediety on Play ten's deatb, by ditto* 

04 S I^ ALB UR 6 H. 

1750^ Thomas Hewet, by John Norris, a minor, conadlidated to Etut 
Rii^on, in 1757. 

In the church were St. Peter*9 and St. Mary*s gilds^ St. Nicholas 
and St. Mary's altars; the arms of BoySj impalino: Gyminham. and 
Boys impaling Repps. 

On a gravestone with a brass p]ate in the chancel. 

Presbyter hie stratus quidamjacet intumulatuSp 
. Vir bonus et sratus, Thomas Stacey vocitatus, 
Cautor Subtilis pueris, magnus Reievator, 
Et Campariiiis Ridlington er at fabricator • 
M. Anno. C. quater bis in XI ruit iste 
Luce bisx et \ JpriL stet sibi Christe.^^Jnien. 


S M A L B U R G H. 

1 H E chief lordship of this town was at the survey in the abbot of 
Holm, and held of him by a socman, who had a carucate of free land, 
and gave it to that abbey in the time of King Edward, and held it 
after of the abbot : there belonged to it % villains, with a carucate and 
an half, and 2 acres of meadow, valued at 20i. The whole was 10 fur- 
longs long and 12 perches brqad, and the gelt was 8c?.' 

Th^ abbot's temporalities in 1428 were valued at 2Ss, and 7s. in 
rent at the Dissolution, I 

The family of De Smalburgh were enfeoffed of the greatest part of ' 
it soon after the conouest, and claimed the right of patronage belong- 
ing to it. In the 12th of Henry III. John de Smalburgh granted to 
Peter de Brompton and Maud his wife, lands claimed as part of her 
dower from Henry de Smalburgh, her late husband. 

In the 5th of Edward I. ffHtiam, son of Reginald de Smalburgh, 
was petent, t^nd Bartholomew de Corston and Maud his wife, defor- 
cients, of 3 messuages, lands and rents here, and in Barton; and in 
the 8th of that King, Thomas de Smalburgh conveyed with Beatrice 
his wife, to John, son of Walter de Smalburgh, eight messuages, a mill, 
with several parcels of land here and in Berton. 

Of this family was Sir William de Smalburgh, who died ai)OUt the 
48th of Edward III. 

^ ' Terra S'ci. Benedicti de Holmo, ad et ii ac. p'ti. val. xx sol. In eadem. 

victum Monachar. In Smalb'ga xxviii soc. i car. i car. t're. sep. iiii car. 

i soc. a'ci. b. qui fenebat i car. ibeterre ac. p'ti. val. xx sol. totii' ht. xqnia 

et earn dedit Sco B. T. R. £. et adhuc long, et vi qr. in lat. et viiid. de g« 
teaet dc abbe* »ep« ii vilU et i c^« et dim* 




Was held of the abbot by fealty, and the rent of 4a. per ann. Edmund 
Bokenham, £sa. who died in 1479, anc^ had lands and a tenement in 
Sma/burgh, called Baxter\ purchased this lordship of the executors 
of Henrj/ Catt. 

John fVychifighamy Esq. son of Johny settled it on Annla\s wife in 
the rei^n of Henry VII. and came to his (daughters and coheirs. In 
the 33d of Henry VllL Christopher Coote, Ebq. and Elizabeth his 
wife, passed it to H illiam Arnold. In 1575, Thomas Petius^ alderman 
of Norwich, possessed it; and by an inquisition taken at Iforsted, 
Janiiary 21^ in the 19ih of James I. Sir Francis Jones was found to 
be seised of It iq right of his wife, with Trusbui's in this town, and of 
a fishery called EaU'Set, in Barton Water, and Sutton, valued at 
12/. 6s. Sd per ann. 

Roger Bi^ot, ancestor of the Earls of Nbr/b/i, had, on the conquest, 
the grant ot a lordship of which 3 freemen were deprived, who had a 
canjcate of land, with 12 borderers, and 3 socmen who possessed then 
3 caracalps of meadow, 2 of them were accounted for in Jntingham, 
and the 3d was valued at lOs.^ One of them was under the protec* 
tion of the predece^sour of Robert Malet, and the other of St. Bentut 
of Holm, which abbey had the soc. 

In the 3d year of nenry III. Willinm de Stalham granted by fine 
to Robert de Bosco, a carucate of land in this town, Bertham and Dil^ 
ham, who regranted it to If illiam, to be held of Robert and his heirs, 
by one knight's fee. 

This came in the next reign to Sir Jeffrey Withe, by the marriage 
of Isabel, daughter and coheir of Sir William de Stalham; he was 
found to hold one fee here and in Dilham, of Sir Robert de Boys; 
and Sir Robert of Sir Richard de Rokele, who held it of the Earl Mar^ 
shaL Sir Jeffrey lived at Hepperuth in Suffolk, and was father of Sir 
Olyver Wythe, who was Jiving in the l6ih of Edward I. 

Jeffrey Wythe^ the prior of Normch, John de Smalburgh, Roger de 
Gyney, were returned to have lordships here, in the 9th of Edward lU 
and in the 9th of Edward III. John de Hederset and Elizabeth his 
wife, convey to Olyver Wythe and Wyncsia his wife, 12s. 6d. rent, 
with the homage and services of Isabel Wyche, William de Ftlburgh, 

In 1373, Sir Jeffrey Wythe of Smalburgh gives his body to be bu- 
ried in the churchyard of the brethren of Mount Carmel, (the White 
Friars) of Norwich ; ' his will was proved the last day of February, in 
the said year; and Alice his wife was executrix'; and in 13(il, Dame 
Alice Wythe was buried in that convent, as was Sir Oliver Wythe her 

JSir John Wythe, by his will, dated on Monday before the feast .of 
St. Peter in Cathedra, (February 22,) desires to be buried in the chan- 
cel of Beeston church ; names Sibilla his wife ; and was proved in the 

^ Terra Rogeri fiigoti. In Sma. p'tio. de Antinsham et tertius val. z sol. 

kb'ga ill lib. ho'es i car. t'rc. scp. xii unus exh. fuit ho antecessoris R. Malct 
bor. et Hi ac. tc. ct p. iii car. mo. iiii et ctalij S'ci Bcncdicti ipsemet S.B. spcam* 
u ar. p»ti silv. vi por. dua ex h. s't. in "> Reg, Haydon Norw. fol. 35. 

▼OL. XI. K 


jsaid year, September SO, 1387 : he left a daughter and heiress, Jmy, 
or Anne, married to Sir John Calthorp. SibiUa her mother, was daoeh« 
ter and heir of Sir Edmund de Omer, and after the death of Sir John 
Wythe, was married to Sjr William Calthorp, father of Sir John^ and 
Burviving Sir William^ was buried by her fir^Jt husbnnd Withe, in the 
chancel of Beeston on the souih side, to which church she was a be- 
nefactress, as may be seen in Calthorp. 

In rhis familv it continiie<l, Sir Philip Calthorp dyint; lord in 1535 ; 
Elizabeth his daughter, being heir to her brother Philip^ who died ,s. p, 
brought it to Sir Henri/ Parker by marria6:e, who had livery of it in the 
Sd of Edward VI. and was sold by Sir Philip Parker in the reign of 
Queen Elizabeth, to Charles Cornwallis, Esq. who abont the 37th of 
that reign, conveyed it to Thomas Gross, Esq. and Sir Charles le Gross, 
presented to the rectory in lf>2t), and Charles le Gross, Esq. in 1693, 
tvas lord : he sold it to Giles Cutling, an attorney at Norwich. 

The heir of Cutlins married James Smith, a mercer of Norwich. Iq 
1713, Catherine Smith, widow, presented, as her right, it being an alter- 
nate presentation, and is now in Mr. Jufrere. 

The prior and convent of Norwich had also a lordship here. Gun* 
nora, sister of Hugh Bigot Earl of Norfolk gave them Elstan de Bac, 
a freeman, for an exchanoe of whom the said Earl, by deed, sans date, 
in the reign of King Steven, or Henry II » gave them Godwin de Smal" 
burgh and Alfer, both freemen,* with their lands, to be held as freely 
of the prior, as they had been of him, and that they might honourably 

Eerform y^rly his father's anniversary, and fur his own soul and of 
is brothers and sisters, all his ancestors and successors. Richard de 
Turbeville, Robert de Reymes, Gilbert de Coleville, &c. are witnesses. 

Pope Alexander 111. in 1 176, confirmed to John Bishop of Norwich, 
lands here and in Dilham, of the fee of Earl Hugh, 

The Ear.1 Warren had an interest here, his manor of Witton, pro- 
bably extending into this town. 

William de Hesgs and his parceners held the 10th part of a fee of 
Richard de Berningham, and he of the Earl Warren, about the SOlh 
of Henry III. and John de Hemmesby, and Adam Tucker, held it in 
the 20th of Edward III. of Oliver Wythe, and he of the Earl. In the 
Sd of Henry IV. Richard Kirope, and his parceners were in possession 
of it, hold of the heirs of Wythe, and they of the Earl of Arundel. 

.The tenths were 5/. — Deducted ISs. 4rf. — ^Temporalities of the prior 
oi Hickling lis. 

The 'Church is dedicated to St. Peter and is a rectory. By an 
inquisition taken before the archdeacon of Norjolk, it was found that 
the church of Smalberge was vacant, and that the abbot of St. BeU' 
ttet presented last, and that Robert de Smalbergh, Reginald, son- of 
Hugh, Hubert, John and Theobald, sons of ntlliam de Smalberge, 
freemen of the said abbot, say they are the true patrons ; 9 also Jef* 
rey son of Ralph, William son of Simon, and John son of fVilliam de 
Smalberge, say they are true patrons. 

Bat all these by several deeds, sans date, about the time of King 
John, as I take it, released all their right to the abbot. — Witnesses, 
Sir Fulk de Baynard, Sir Bryan de Hickling, Sir Richard de Butler^ 8cc. 

" Reg. 5 Eccles Cath* Norwic. fol. * Reg« Holm. fol. 57, Sec* 

S M A L B U R G H. 67 

In^the reign of Edward I. the abbot was patron* The rector had 
a manse and 8 acres of land, valued at 13 murks. Peter-pence \0d. 
The prior of Norwich is said to have a portion of tithe valued^at 6f.— 
The present valor is 10/. 145. 2d. and is discharged* 

The bishop of Norwich has an alternate right of presentation. 


In 1305, Henry Hemenburgh instituted, presented by the abbot of 

13169 Robert de Bardelby, juaior, 

13 189 Thomas de Bardelbtf occurs rector in 1326. 

13'^6» John de Ludham. 

1S47> Robert de Morton^ presented by the King, in the vacancy of 
an abbot. 

1349» Rozer de Barneburgh, by the King. 

I3t)5f R(ibert Druel, by tne abbot. 

Id65f Thomas Rand. 

1367, John de la Watte. 

\S1\ 9 Robert Spencer. 

140y, Oliver Mendham. 

1433, Richard Palmer. 

1475, John Keving, late abbot of St. Bennetts. 

laOOf Richard Jordan, on Keving^s death. 

1525, Mr. Christopher Bland, A.M. 

1 525, Mr. fVilliam Pay, A.M. 

\5Q6, John Tacolneston, aUas Brown» 
William Ugge, reCtgr. 

1557, Mr. Robert Rugge, archdeacon of Suffolk, by the assignees 
of the Bishop of Norwich. 

1559, John Rydley, by the Queen, 
John Fenton occurs in 1596« 

1602, Henry Woodhouse, LL.D. by the Queen, the see being void; 
in his return in l603, he says that the Bishop and Sir Philip Parker, 
late lord, were patrons alternately. 

1629, Thomas Hennant, A.M. by Sir Charles le Gross. 

1659, Edmund Shilling, by Thomas Gross, Esq. 

1681, Andrew Thexton, by Charles le Gross, Esq. 

1713, Richard Oram, on Thexton* s cession, by Catherine Smith, 
widofT. , 

170%, Richard Humphreys, by the Archbishop of Canterbury, his 

Here was the guild of Jesus, and in the church the picture of Ed* 
ward the Confessori in his regalia, and his arms, and the arms of Wythe, 
azure, three griffins, passant, in pale, or, — and those of Calthorp. 

In 1677, the steeple fell down, and defaced part of the church ; 2 
bells were sold to build up a gable, and one lett. 

The Bishop of Norwich is said to have the patronage, on the ex** 
change of the lands (in King Henry V III.) of the abbot of Holm with 
the Bishop. 

The church of Smalburgh in Edward the Fourth's time, is said to 
be 42 paces long and 18 broad. 




A LOKD8H1P in this town belonged to the Bishop of !Z%e//brd before 
and at the survey, as part of the see^ and Jeffrey held it of the Bishop : 
there was one socman with 9A acres of land, 2, borderers and the 
moiety of another, with one carucate valued at b$. mid, and there 
were 2b acres belonging to the church, and a borderer, with 2 acres 
of meadow, valued at 2«. The whole was one leuca long, and 4 far- 
lont^s and one perch broad, &c. and paid \Qd gelt/ 

William de Curechun or Curzun, and Julian de SwafUld, held 
between them half a fee of the Bishop; and in the 2d year of King 
John^ Julian had by a fine, the patronage of the church, with the 
manor house assigned him by fVilliam, but the lands were still held 
in equal moieties between them. 

Afier this, Nicholas Battler had a moiety ; and in the 1 5th of Henry 
III. IVilliam de St. Clere, who possessed it, sold it to fVilliam, son of 
William de Heveningham, by fine. 

In the said reign William de Monesley and his mother, held in de- 
mean a quarter of a fee of Thomas Elingham, and he of the Bishop ; 
and this was held in the 20th of Edward III. by Laurence Sprigg of 
Thomas de Weston; and in the 4ih of Henry IV, by John Monde- 
ford, of Thomas de Weston, and he of the Bishop. 

Richard, son of Gilbert de St. Dennis, impleaded in the 18lh of Ed- 
ward 1. Nicholas de Monesley and Agnes his wife, for a messuage, a 
mill, thirty acres of land, one of turbary, and IQ*. rent, which seems 
to be of the other moiety. 

William Jhirgeis was lord of Swathefield-fuill in 1465, and by his 
will, dated May 12, desires to be buried in the church by his wife 
Alice, and left James his son and heir. 

William de Scohies had a grant of 6 acres of land, of which a free- 
man was deprived, valued at (id. and the abbot of Holm had the soc 
of it.* 

Ranulf, brother of Ilgar, had also a grant of 18 acres which 2 
freemen were deprived of, with a carucate and an half acre of mea- 
dow, valued at x vie/.' This seems to have come afterwards to the Eark 

The Earl WarrerCs manor of North Walsham extended into this 
town, and William de Repps, 8cc. held lands in the 9th of £(/t&ar<{ II. 
of the Earl. 

■ Terr. Epi. Tcdfordcnsis ad Epis- * Terra Willi, de Scohies Suawlda 

copatup'tinensT.R.E. In Suaffeldaten. vi ac, lib. ho. ct val. vid. S'cs. Benedic- 

Gaufridus i soc* de xxiiii ac. t're. et ii tus socam. 

bord. et dim. et i car. et val. v sol. ct ' Terra Ranulfi fr'ris Ilgari ^ ' 

iiiid. In eade xxviii ac. ad ecdiam Suafella xviii ac. ii lib. ho s sep, dim. 

semp. i bord. et ii ac. p'ti. et val. ii sol. car* Qt dim. ac. p'ti. et val. xvid. 

et totu ht. i leu.' in long, et 4 qr. et i 

j>erc. in lat. et zvilid. de g. 

S W A F I E L D. 09 

In the 5th of Edward III. the jarj present that the Earl't tenants 
in this town ought not to common in North Wahham. 

Thomas Flegg and Dionysia his wife, convey to John f^egg a mes- 
snage, with lands, and a foldcoarse here, &c. in the iSd oT Henry III. 

From the Earls Warren it came to the Earls oi Lancatter^ and so 
to the Crown, as in Gymingham, and became part of the dutchy of 
Lancaster J and is so at this time. 

fVilliam de Repps, and the heirs of Plaiz, had an interest here under 
the h'.A; I Warren in the 9th of Edward II. 

The prior of Bromholm's manor in "North Walsham extended also 
here. This was gi^anted in the 4th and 5th of Philip and Mary to 
Francis Chaloner and WiUiam Butler, September 6 ; and in the £Oth 
of Elizabeth was possessed by Thomas Gryme, Gent. There tempo- 
ralities were 45. id, — ^'Ihe tenths were 2/. 125. 6c/. — Deducted Ss* Ad. 


The Church is a re^'tory, dedicated to St. Nicholas; the Earl War- 
ren had the patronage in the reign of Edward I. .but is said to have 
no rights the church being founded on the land and manor of the 
Bishop of Norwich ; the rector had no manse, or latid belonging to it, 
it was valued at (3 marks and an half, and paid Peter*pence 9a,; the 
present valor is 6/. and is discharged. 


ISOO, William de Leyton, instituted, presented by John Earl 

I344« T/iomas de Schamburn. 

136\, John de Cocclescote^ by Lady Mand de Lancaster Countess 
of Henaydn Leicester, &c. 

1566, John de Styrupf by John Duke of Lancaster. 

1368, Thomas de Wodehall. Ditto. 

1372, Nicholas de Ripoun, by John King of Castile. 

1378, Richard Gunnays. Ditto. 

1S83, Richard Raa. Ditto. 

1390, John Goffe. Ditto. 

1447, Michael Fregorre, D.D. by the King. 

Edward Hal/, occurs rector in the 5th of Henry VIII. 
Robert Chaucer in l60d» and returned 75 communicants. 
> 1729^ Edward Broughton, by the King, on the death of Alexander 

)746> Marmaduke Ward. Ditto. 

The patronage is in the chancellor of the Dutchy of Lancaster, 
here was the guild of St. Nicholas. 

Thomas Flegg was buried in the church in 1558. 

The temporalities of St. Bennet of Holm, were lis. 9d. ob. 

Gilbert de St. Dennis, by deed sans date, granted to the prior of 
Bromholm, lands here, which Claricia' de Bccham, widow of Thomas 
de Bir$ton, held in dower, and Richard his son confirmed them in the 
19th of Edward I. William de Glanvile, the founder of that priory, 
gave the tithe of the pannage of the turbary of Swathe/eld. 



Cjallbt> Tonenteda in the Saxon age, from its site on a rivulet^ called 
Turty or TonVf as Tunbridge, &c. , Tone is a river in Somrrsetshire. 
Alfeff a nobleman, or thane of Ilerold ivas lord of it in the time of 
the Confessor, on whose deprivation it was given to Roger off PoictierSf 
in France, dd son of Roger de Montgomeryy who was made Earl of 

This was a very considerable lordship in Atfere*s time, it consisted 
of 5 carucates and an half of land, 23 villains, and l6 borderers, 2 
carucates in deniean, \% among the tenants, and 8 acres of meadow, 
paunage for 12 swine, 3 cows, &c. 140 sheep, and 24 socmen held a 
carucate of land, and then 12 carucates of meadow; these were added 
in the time that the Conqueror helif it, and Ralph, Earl of Norfolk 
added 6 freemen, with a carucate and an half of land, of these St. 
Bennet had the soc, the protection of one, and the forfeiture of tliree 
of the socmen ; the 6 freemen had under them 4 bordererers, who 
had then 4 carucates of meadow.^ 

Robert, the cross-bow-man added lands after Earl Ralph*8 forfei- 
ture in Hoveton to it, (as may be seen in Hofton) the whole when 
Robert held it under Godric, (and it was in the King's bands) valued 
at 10/. at the survey at 11/. it was one leuca and a quarter long, and 
one leuca broad, and paid I7d. gelt. 

Roger de Poictiers Earl of Lancaster, is said to have been deprived 
for rebellion, and in the reign of Henry II. it appears to be in the 
family of De Grelley, who were barons of the realm. 

Albert de GreHey died possessed of it, whose son was a minor, and 
in the King's custody in his 30th year, under the care of his uncle 
Gilbert Basset,^ aged 11 years; but this lordship was with the rest of 
his lands and barony, committed by the King to Nigell, son of Alex* 
ander, huA Robert de Buron. Albert, married — — , daughter of 
Thomas Basset, by whom he had this son and three daughters; she 
being a widow, and holding lands in capite, was at the King*s disposal, 
dnd after married fVido de Croun ; in her own right she held the manor 
of Blakeston, which in the space of one year and three' quarters had 
brought her in 9/. 3s, Gd.per ann. and corn to the value of lOlf. 


♦ Tcrre que fucr*. Rog. Pictavicnsis ct dim. ex his ht. Scs. Bencdictus, »oca| 

— Tonestcda ten. idem Alfcrp Tegn; et dc uno com'endationem et de xxiiii 

Heroldi, T.K.E v car. et dim. tre. sep. atres forisfacturs et ht. vi lib. ho'es 5ul>.t 

zxiii vill. et xvi bor. t'nc et p. ii car. se iiii bor. tc. iiS car. p. et mo. iii et u 

mo. dim. tc. xii car. hou. p. et mo. vii ac. p'ti. huic manerio addidit R. Arbal. 

viii ac. pMi. silv. xii por. tc. iii an. t'nc. p. Rad. forisfecit, &c. qu'de Rotb. Arb. 

iiii pes. mo. i !c. CXL ov. mo, c. et xxiiii earn ten. in manu Regis sub. Godrico, 

soc. i car. tre. tc. xii car. p. et mo. v. val. x lib. mo. xi et ht. i leug. in long, 

et ii ac. p'ti. et ide st. additi t. r. w. et et J qr. et i leug. in lat. et xviid. de g. 
R. Comes addidit vi lib. ho'es i car. tre. ' Kot« de Dominat. Puerisi &c. 


This lordship of Tunstede was Talaed at SO/, and that of Swinthtad 
in Lincolmhirey which were her husbaod^ at 10$«. per anh. 

In the aforesaid year, Lauretta Picot, daughter of Emtach Picot, 
had some interest here, in her own right, then .widow of Hugh de Bur» 
de/ys of Scouiton in Norfolk. 

Thomas Grelley was lord in the 44th of Henry III. and had then a 
grant of a mercate weekly, and of an annual fair, and held it of the 
fiononr of Lancaster. 

Oil the deaih of Robert Grelley^ in the 10th of Edward \. was an 
extent i>f this manor, and Thomas Bardolfwas found to hold three 
pariH of a fee of it in Spiketmrihj and paid 6 marks per ann. 

John, son of Henry de Hoveton^ held the 4th part of a fee, 8ce, the 
barony extended into Suffolk^ Oxfordshire, Lincolnshire^ Leicestershire, 
and Rut/awishire ; and the jury find it worih Sil.per ann. with the . 
advowson of this church, and held in capite ; Thomas was his son and 
heir under age, and in the King's custody, and Robert Bishop of 
Bath and H'elh, the King's chancellor, had the care of his latids. 

John de Overton, the Bishop^'s bailiff, impleaded in the 14th of tjie 
said king, John fVyke, who had opposed him (vi et armis) in his 
office, and recovered of him 10 marks^amages, and 405. for hinfself, 
Wyke being taken into custody ; and at this time it appears that here 
was a park. 

Thomas de Grelley was lord in the S^d of Edward I. but in the 9th 
of Edward II. Nicholas de Meldon held it of the Earl of Lancaster, 
and in the 14th of that King« William de ilfe/donand Afatic/ his wife, 
convey it to Michael de Meldon, with 204 acres of marsh, 7 marks^ 
and 8s. rent here, in Spikesworth, Hoveton, fVestwick, &c. 

In the 1st of Edward III. he held it by one fee, and the service of 
lOf. per ann. to the castle of Lancaster. Soon after he sold it to. Sir 
John Stretche, who possessed it in the 20th of the said King. 

John la Warr ana Joan bis wife, had also some interest herein, 
which they conveyed to Sir John Stretch, viz. 332 acres of land, 4/. 10s. 
rent, with the advowson; it is probable this Joan, was daughter of 
Grelley; the Wests, who married the Lord De la Warr's heiress^ and 
assumed their title from thenti ; quarter Le Warr*s coat, gales, a lion 
raknpant, and crusily of cross crosslets, argent; — and that of Grelley, 
gules, a bend, and two bendlets sinister, or. 

In the 27th of Edward III. Sir John Stretch conveyed it to Henry 
Earl of Lancaster, With the advowson, and on the accession of Henry 
Doke of Lancaster to the crown, was made part of the Dutchy of 

In the 19ih of Charles I. Robert Draper, Esq. of London was found 
to die seised of three messuages, a pigeon-house, 3 barns, 3 gardens, 
120 acres of land, 60 of pasture, 30 of furze and heath in Tunstead ' 
and Hoveton, and St. John% by the payment of 58/. 75. 8jfd. fee farm 
rent to the Crown ; after this it was held of the Crown, by Lepington 
Carey, and conveyed by him, in the reign of the said King, to Sir 
Richard Bemey, Bart, and is now possessed by his heirs. Sir Hanson 
Berney, Bart. 

The tenths were 6/. 185. — Deducted 185.— Temporalities of Broin- 
holm priory 25. 6d. ob. 

The church was dedicated to St. Mary. 

JRobert de GrtUey was lord in the reign of Edward I. and held tht 


patronage of it; the rector had then a grange, and 20 acres, and wat 
valued at 24 marks, Pe^fr-pence \8d. 

The church has a nave, wiih two isles; and a chancel covered. with 
lead, a. square tower, and 5 bells. 


In 1307, fVilliam de Derleton, instituted rector^ presented by Sir 
Thomas Grelley. 

1334- Mich ad de Meldon, by the Archbishop of Canterbury, on ac- 
count of the farm of this manor. 

1341, Mr. Henr^ de Cokkam, by Sir John SlreUhe. 

1342, Mr. Robert Persone. Ditto. 
1344^ Sim. de Brusele. Ditto. 


In 1351, Henry de Taterford, was presented to the vicarage of Tuff- 
^tede^ by the prioress of Campes in Suffolk^ and nominated by the 
Bishop of Norwich. 

Henry Duke of Lancaster granted the rectory, and the advowson 
of the free chapel of St. James^ to the convent^ on the request of his 
sisler, the Lady Maud de Lancaster, then a nun of the said priory, 
and it was appropriated to them, for the support of a chaplain to ce- 
lebrate mass daily/ 

On this the vicarage was settled^ taxed at 10 marks ; the appro- 
priated rectory at 14 marks. 

1375, John de Lexham. Ditto. 

1376, Henry de Taterford. 

In 1424, the vicar had a house assigned him ; John de fValsingham 
occurs vicar in 1428, and in the 18th of Richard II. henry Stoket 
was vicar. 

Jeff\ Briggs, occurs vicar of Tunsted, cum Scornston, about l600, 
then valued at 18/. 9'. t>^. and returned Catherine Brend, widow, to 
be the patroness, and Jeffrey Bishop, lately patron ; communicants 90, 
and thot he received only a pension of 9^1. per ann. of the proprie* 
tary, Catherine Brend, widow. 

Henry Waite instituted 1639- 

1729» John Beale by William Pearce, Gent, on the death of Alex^ 
ander Guthere. 

1745, William Clark, on JBea/^'s. resignation. 

In 1740, Mr. Peirse was patron. 

On the Dissolution of the priory of Campes, King Henry VIIL 
granted, November 6, in his 3oth year, the appropriated rectory of 
Tuttsted, with the patronage pf the vicarage to John Corbet, and he 
had licence to alien 30s. rent, ^nd all the lands in Hickling, and Slal' 
ham; partof the rectory of jTun^^fd, and Scomston,to William iixjod* 
house and his heirs ; and in the said year Corbet had license to alien 

* libt Instit. Norw. 5, fol, 6. 


lase, and 15 acres of lainl io Tunsied, and Scormton, and a 
moiety pfTunsted, and Seamston rectory to Edward RusselL > 

CArisiopker JmUu was found to hold a barn' in ibe parsonage-yard 
in Tunsiede, with a parcel of land adjoiqing, contaifiing an acre, and 
15 acres and an hair of wood in TunUed and Seomston, with a moiety 
of all the tithes of Tunstede and Scormdm of the King in capite, and 
John jimias was his son and heir. Escheat^ ^*. 7th Edward VI. 

William Brende and Catherine his wile bad a moiety of the rectory 
aad churches of Tumted and Scornslon, with the glebes and tithes in 
the reign of Elizabeth, and March 1» in the 18th of Jamei I. aliened 
by Jfjf. Bishop^ Gent to Francis his son and heir. 

In the church were the arms of Le Gross, of Inglou; and of France, 
and England, quarterly, a bordure, argent, born hy Thomas of Wood* 
stock Duke of Gloucester f youngest son of King Edward III. 

lo the church were the guilds of St« Margaret, Trinity, and St. 
John Baptist, and bis imiige in his chapel, the lights of St. Mary, 
Trinity, St. Peter, St. John Baptist, St. John the bvangelist, St. An^ 
thony, St. Thomas of Canterbury, St. Catherine, and the plougli light . 
of Vpgate in HungatCt with that of St. Nicholas; also the tabernacle 
and image of our Lady of Pity, the tabernacle and image of the Tri^ . 
mfy standing by St. Ann, 

The chapel of Seomston abovementioned belonging to the church 
of Tumted is wrote in the institution books Sculmertone, which was 
DO doubt an hamlet of Tunstede. 

Robert de Greylle was patron of it in the reign of Edward I. when 
it bad all the insignia of a mother church, vii, baptism, chrism, and . 
burial; and to the said chapel belonged 24 mansions, with ail- their 
obventions, great and small, and was valued at 7 marks, paid Peter-^ 
pence 4</. ob. it was dedicated to St. Michael; thej-e was also his guild 
and light, and St. John Baptist, Trinity, and St. Mary; St. Mary, St. 
Hichalas, and St. Christopher's liahts. 

Sculmertoii si^^niHes a town by a shallow meer. 

Wi/liam de JJfford Earl of St^olk was lord of Seomston in the 47th 
of Edward m. 

Sir Henry Ing/oss died lord in 14519 and Sir Edmund Jenny left 
k to his son JoAj» in 1522: afterwards in the Potts. 


f H B principal lordship of this town was given by Streth, a Sawn, 
to the abbey of St Btnnefs at Holm ;^ at the survey, the abbot hilid 
d carucates and a half of land, held by 12 villains, and 5 borderers, 2 
carucates in demean, 2 and an half among the tenants, 'and 8 acres 

^ Christ. Amyas, and Edward Russell, Riston, of the King, (as is said,} in or 
bought the parsonage of Tunstede with about 1543. 

* Reg. Abb. de Holm, fol. 6. 



of meadow, tec. a mill, one rancus, one cow, 31 socmen bad 9 eara^ 
cates and 50 acres, i^ith 2 i^Uains, aD(l a borderer; and there were 
15 carucates^ and 4 acres of meadow, valoed at lOOs.; it was one huth 
and an half long, and one leuca and 6 perches broad, paid 18d. gelt, 
and the church was endowed with 30 acres.* 

The abbot had also 4 socmen with 57 acres, and a carucate and an 
acre oTmeadoWy valued at 5s. Bd. of two of these fVillMm Malet had 
the protection only, and there were 10 borderers, with 7 acres, valoed 
at 10s. 

In the ]9ih of Henry III. William de Felmingham qnitclaimed to 
Sampson, the abbot, (who held this lordship as part of his barony) all 
his right in the common of pasture here and in Swanion for 3 marks 
of silver/ about the year 1250, the rent of assise was 5/. l6s. 5d. q. 
and there were 120 acres of arable land rented at 408. 

About this time Robert the abbot granted to Sir Richard Butlers 
chapel in his messuage at Wahham^ and Richard^ who was son of Sir 
Hicholas Butler f released to him all his right of common in the wooda 
of Wahham and Swanion^ the abbot then inclosing those woods, and 
had releases from Sir Reginald le Gross, William de WhiteweU, and 
Bartholomew de Felmingham. 

William de St. Clere, who had a moiety of the inheritance of Sir 
Richard Butler in this county and town, conveyed it by fine in the 
^ 57th. of the said King, to William^ son of William de Hevenit^ham, 
' to be held of him and his heirs by the service of a sparrow-^hawk. 

This extended into Swqfield, Worsted and Westwick: William, son 
of Reymer had then an interest therein, Beatrix his wife being the 
relii^t of Sir Nicholas Butler, she being in court and doing homage 
with the said William; which shows how strict the law of homage was 
at that time. 

William, son of John le Butler, by deed, sans date, gave to the 
abbot all the services of Ralph de Reppes, Hugh de Coleby, and John, 
son of Hugh, and Margaret his wife, and of Ralph de Reppes and 
Hawis his wife, daughter and coheir of William Franks o( Felmingham* 

In the ]4th of Edward I. the abbot claimed view of frank- piedfl^e, 
the assise, &c. and Robert de Jldeby aliened to him in the 8th oiEd* 
ward II. five acres of turbary ; in the 15th of that King, an acUon 
was brought against him for takine a horse, an amercement in the 
lete for one that brewed against the assise, who alleged that there 
were divers fees in the' town, but the man being a resident on the ab- 
bot's land, the jury found the abbot ought to have it. 

In the 3d ox Henry IV. the prior of Norwich, Fakenham, Pentney^ 
and Bromholm, the heirs of Philip de Worsted, Johh de Mautebjf, held 
here, in Worsted, Dilham, &c. a knight's fee of the abb^^of St« 

About the year 14 IS, Clement Paston, Esq. John Horningtofl of 

' Paston, mercnant, Laurence de Thorp, and John Parsim of Edythorp^ 

came to this town, and entered into the pasture, &c, of , the abbot, 

5 Terra Sci Benedict, dc Hoi mo ct i bor. scp, xv car. silv. xvi por. iiii 

Waisam tenet sep. S. B. iii car. tre. et ac' p'ti. val. c. sol. ht. i leu. et dim. ia 

dinw sep. xii vill. et v bor. ii car. in long, et i leu. in lat. et viper.c. etxviii 

d'nio. et ii car. et dim. horn, viii ac. p'ti. dc g. In Ecc'lie xxx ac. 

silv. c. por. i mol. i rune, i an. vfii pore. *■ Reg. Abbat. fot. 641 &€• and iS^ 

3uxi bQC. ill car. tre. et l. ac* et i vill. 1S9, i^S. 



b«k>iigiiig to his manor, with their cattle, fed and trod itdowa td the 
damage of 40$. fished his ponds, . &c. took £00 roaches, 200 percb> 
and SOO eels, to the value of lOOs. and carried them awav. 

In the abbey it remained, till on the exchange of lands in Henry 
tbe Eighth's reign it wi^ granted to the see. 

The renla of assise of the manor were 15/. 6s. oi. herbage 6i.yd^ 
farm of tlie site of the manor, 53s. 4d. 

The great gate, malthoases and outhouses, were standing in the 
S6th of Henry VIII. and let to Richard Eldon^ Gent, and Bldon vim 
obliged to malt as many combs of barley as the Bishop thought pro«' 
per, «nd to return £5 combs of malt for dO combs of barley. 

The coney warren was let at ] S«. 4c/. PyforJCs watermill at ISs. 4i{, 
Everlntpes watermill at 4/. 13s. 4d. to WilUam Hogau, &c«— The stall 
in the market at 5SL 9c/.-^Houses under the tolUbouse 45. 4</.— The 
foldcourse lOs. — ^The whins on tbe heath 30s* — ^Toil of a fair on the 
Yieil of the Ascension 8s. — ^The toll of the Tkunday mercate, rents 
called Lord's rents 2U. l&.—^For perquisites of court and leie, with 
47/- ds..8^. for fines, included in the space of one year; and it still 
lemaina in the see. 


Id the 6tii of Edward I. Richard de Bqyland and Maud his wife, pur* 
chased of Jdam de Brancatter, one of the heirs of Nicholas ButlertOk 
messuage, and lands here, in WarUtdcj IVestwick and SwaJUldf whick 
Beatrix 9 widow of Nichohu, held for life ; and in the 24th of that 
King, Richard de Bouland and Elena his wife> daughter of Plulip de 
Colcml, held it, and John was their son and heir. 

In the 20th of Edward Hi. Roger Jeney and Richard de Borland, 
were found to hold half a fee of the honour of E^e, which John de 
Smalhurgh formerly held. The prioress of Redding feld in Stifolk, 
aliened it in the 8th of Richard il. to tbe prior of Hickiing, and the 
prior held it in the 5th of Henry VIII. 

On the Dissolution of that convent, it was granted to the see of 
Norwich, and in tbe d7th of Henty VIII. it was aliened or exchanged, 
by fVilliam Rugg Bishop of Norwich, with Thomas Woodhome^ but a 
lent of Ss. jker a$m. was paid ont of it to tbe see in the 3d and 4tb of 
Philip and Mary. 

Id the 20th of Elixaheth, license was granted to Henry fVoodhouHp 
to alien it to TA^mas Gryme, Gent. 


Was held by Robert Elmham of North Wabham, at his death in the 
nah of Edward IV. of tbe abbot; and Margaret fVMoughby dying 
•eiaed of it in the S5th of Henry VHI. and Catherine Heydoa was 
found to be her heir and cousin. 

The Earl Warren had a lordship here of which £ freemen were de- 
rived; there bekniged to it 105 acres, one villain, and 4 borderers, 
and ^ socmen, and there were 4 carucates and an half, and 3 acres 
and an half of meadoWj pannage for 4 swine, and a mill, valued in 


King EdwareTs reign at 90s. at the surrey at 40s.* The abbot of St. 
Stnnet had the soc, and the comdiendation or protection of them 
before the Conouest. 

By an inqniBilion taken in the Sd of Edward III. the jury find that 
the Earl had but one acre of demean land^ but several free tenants, 
▼iz. the abbot of St. Bennet, the lord of Eye in Svffolk^ 8cc. and that 
they ou^ht to appear at the coming of the justices^ sheriffs, &c. by 4 
men and the reve/and to answer for the 5th part of the town, that 
thev ought to be toll free in the market here and town, that the Earl 
had all the amercements of his tenants of the barony and soke 'of Cry* 
mingham, amerced in theleteof the abbot of those who were residents 
on the Earl's fee ; ^ that the market was used in a place called the 
Heath, of the issues whereof the Earl had one moiety, and the abbot 
the other ; that the Earl's tenants were hindered of their common in 
Lou8t-Fen, Gerdesmeadow, and Hilmore, by ponds made therein by 
the abbot and Robert Byran, 

But by another inquisition it was found that Gerdes'tneadow was 
the separate soil of the abbot, and as to Louit-fen and Hilmore, they 
were moors particularly belonging to the abbot, who made ponds 
there, and like his separate fishery ; that the Earl's tenants of North 
Wahham and Swajieldy ought not to common there. As to the mi^r- 
ket on the heath, they say that there never was any market there; 
that the abbot always had his market where now it is ; that all the 
men of Gymingham soc were to pay toll there, as the Earl's having the 
amercement of his tenants; they say that the abbot and his prede- 
cessors held this hundred of Tunsted, in fee farm of the King, and by 
virtue thereof held a lete in North Wahham, within the precincts 
whereof the Earl's tenants are, and that the Earl had the amercements 
of those of his tenants only, who broke the assise of bVead and beer. 

By another, in the 12th of Edward II. taken at Gymingham, the 
jury say that the tenants of the Earl, free and bond of the soke of 
Gymingham, except the tenants of the new land, paid toll of all their 
corn arul barley, but never paid toll for their beasts sold, nor the te- 
nants of the new land. 


Of this see 
Edward III 

In the 
this town 

le in Felmingham. Robert Bryan was lord in the 3d of 
. Sir Henry Inglos ordered it by bis will in 1451 to be 

37th of Henry VIII. the manor of Bryan's and fVaUham's in 
..M.o *v^.i, Felmingham, Antingham, 8cc. with 90 acres of land, 10 of 
meadow, 10 of alder, were settled by fine on Edward Brampton and 
Catherine his wife, daughter of Robert Berney, in tail, by Robert 
Brampton, and Joan his wife. 

Bromholm manor in this town, settled on that priory by the founder, 
at the general Dissolution was granted June 5, m the 37th of Henry 
VIII. to Sir Thomas Woodhouse. Henry Woodhouse had livery of it 
about the 15th oi Elizabeth. 

» T'rc. Willi, de Warrcnna In i mol. tc. val, nxx sol. modo Ix S'ci. 

Walsam ii lib ho'cs cv ac. sep. i vill. Bcnedictus socam habuit ci com'dauonc 

ct ijii bor. et ii soc. sep. iiii car. ctdim. T. R. E. 

«i jii ac. et dim. p'ti. silv. iiii per. sep. « Reg, Abbat. HoLm. fol. i^'> *75« 


Tlie tenths were 15/. Deducted 4/. 

Near this town Bishop Spencer, in 1382, routed certain rebels of this 
county^ under the command of John Lyster, or John the Dyer.- 

In the year l600> on June £5, a terrible fire broke out, which is 
said to have consumed in two or ^ree hours timcj 1 18 dwelling-houses, 
and above five tiroes as many burns, stables, malthouses and ware- 
houses, the loss being then valued at 20fiOOl. 

The market cross was built by Bishop Thirlby, in the reign of Ed* 
ward VI. and after repaired by Bishop Redman, in. 1600, and the 
arms of the see and his impaled, are on it. 

The Chubch is dedicated to St. Nicholas, and was always in the 
patronage of St. Bennet's abbey of Holm. In the reign of Edward L 
this rectory was valued at 62 marks. P^ter-pence 18a* and the rec- 
tor had a manse with 40 acres of land. The church is large, has a 
nave with 2. isles, and a chancel covered with lead ; the tower is down ; 
but there are three bells in the lower part of the church. 

In the reign of Richard I. a fine was levied between Nicholas But" 
ler and the abbot, when Nicholas granted his right to John the abbot, 
(^o, 7) in this advowson ; and in the 15th of King John, in the va- 
cancy of an abb6t, the King presented Bartholomew, archdeacon of 
Winchester, to this rectory. 

In 1261 Raymond de iSeme^^a snbdeacon, chaplain, and nephew of 
the late Pope Alexander IV. was rector of this church, and of Trj/ng 
in Hertfordshire* — King Edward I. in his 12th year, granted license 
to the abbot to appropriate this church, but it was not performed till 
some years after. 


In 1298, Henry Sampson occurs rector. 

1299^ Richard de Ormesby, instituted rector, preseAled by the ab- 
bot; in 1299^ the sexton or sacrist of the abbey of St. Bennet, had a 
pension of 205. out of it, and two sheais of the tenths of the abboffs 
demean lands. 

1324, Roger de Hales, rector. 

On December 9, 1338, Anthony Bishop of Norwich appropriated it 
to the convent of Holm; and it was to take place on the death of 
Hales; on this a vicarage was settled, and to be in the patronage of 
the abbot 


Hales resigning in 1331, February^', soon after in 1339> Robert 
Champlyon was instituted vicar, presented by the abtx>t« 

1339> William Cooke. Ditto. 

1349* Roger de East Wykenham, piesented by the King, in the va- 
cancy of an abbot. 

This vicarage was valued at 15 marks, and the ajqpropriated rec- 
tory ai 47 marks* 

1398, WiUiam Dauay. 


1423, Nicholas Gedding. 

1433, Simon Deck. 

14S4, Robert Gantang. 

1447, Uobert Slrook. 

1454, Robert Watton. 

Robert Courteney, Ticar* 

1458, John Slanton. 

1473, Edmund Ward. 

1519, ChristoBher Bland. 
John Bland vicar. 

15£5; Richard Bale. 

15£9, Gregory MaAfs, by the assignees of the abbot 

1541i Richard Dalison, by Roger Fen of Norwich. 

1554, Mr. Reginald Wotton, A.M. by the assignees of ffi^fiom, late 
Bishop of Norwich. 

1561, John fVatson, by the Bishop* 

1568, John Watson. 

1584, Roger Hinse. 

1590, JoAfi Maurice* 

1592, JoAji Mawrys. 

In l603y William Grene occors vicar, and retaraed 520 conmnuiF 
cants. * 

Thomas Jeffreys vicar in 1699* 

1736, John Fowkes, on Jeffrejfs death, collated by the Bishop. 

The vicarage is now valned at 8/. in the patronage of the Biibop. 
Bishop Reynolds reserved SOl per emn. out of the impropriated te^ 
tory of this church to the vicar. 

The church has two isles and a chancel, and is a large pile; it had 
a square tower and 6 belU, but the tower fell down May 10, 17M ; the 
length of the church with the chanoel is about 45 yards; the breadth 
of the church with both the isles 26 yards, the tower was large and 
curious, 49 yards in height. 

On the north side of the chancel near the east end is a beantifiil 
too)b, having the effigies of Sir William Paston, in full length in ar- 
mcMir, with uiis epilapb, on a black niarble in letters of gold : 

Pietati et beneficentia sacrvm'''--'-^^Obdormit hie in domino Gtdielr 
mus Pestonus eques auratus, aniiquA H nobitistirpe orius. X^ognatione, 
^obilissimisJamiliiB, cwyunctus. Hospitaiitate per aitaos pdnquagi^tiis 
quinqe, et post mortetn viginti duraturi^elarus. Ad reparandas cathe* 
drates ecclesias Bathonia et Norvig, coUegiumq; Gonetdlli et Caij aia- 
nificus. Pauperibus Fillit Yarmtithies beneficus. Qui sckolam in hoc' 
loco ad informandamjuventutem, concionesq; ad divinum verbum dis* 
seminandum, redditibus inperpettmm assipiatis, pie instituit, et mortar 
litatis memor hoc monumentum certa jpetn Chri^o resurgendi sibi vivus 
posuit, Jo. Dni. I6G8, mtatis ssusM. 

This worthy knight (of whom and his family eee in Qxmad) in iSffl, 
artided with John Key, a free memn of London, {ot 200/. to erect and 
set up this tomb of alabaster and marble with his effigies in aroKMtfi 
S feet and an iwlf Jbng, and it is ornamented with the arms of Piston 
and his quarteriugs. On the school here he settled 40l»pcr asm^ and 
10/. per asm. for a weekly lecturer. 


Here are several gravestones, 

In memory of Hen. Fuller- of North fValsham, Gent, who died aged 
94, 1704> aod his arms, argent, three barulets, and a cantoD, gules. 

Orate p. a*ia Robi. fVylUSf Capellani, Sfc. with a chalice, and the 
fioste in brass. 

Orate, t^c. Edmi. Ward, yuond. vicarij hw; ecclie, l^c^ , » Orate, 
4t. Roberti Wythe capellani.'^— ^^Orate^ o^c. Willi. Roys qui obt. 1 
KaL Martii 1404, 4^.— — — And arms, sable f a chevron, between three 
\, argent. 

.. In memory of Mary, wife of John Beresford of Richmansworth in 
Hertfordshire, 1676. 

In memory of Hen. Scarburgh^ Gint. who died 1688. ■ Also of 
Hen. Scarburgh, Gent, who died I617, aged 56, and his arms> argent, 
m chevron, between three castles; gii/es. 

In the east window are the arms of the see of Norwich, impaling 
tiKMe of Bishop Freake. 

Xn the church a gravestone^ 

In memory of Mary, wife of Edmund Themylthorp, Gent, died July 
4, 1685;— —*and this shield, quarterly, sable, on a less between three 
antelopes heads erased, or, as many crescents, guleSf in the first quar** 
ter; in the £d, a cinquefoil, and semy of cresslets; in the 3d, sable, 
m fess, wavy, between three wolves heads, erased or, Wolferton; and 
in the foartb, a chevron between three cinquefoils. 

Orate p. S^c. iXne Margarete Hetersetey que obt. 21 Decemb. 1397. 

In memory of John Withers, Gent, died JuguSt 29> 1712. Argent, 
a chevron, gules, between three crescents, sable, impaling ermine, on a 
chief, a bilfet between two annulets. 

One for William Philips who died February 11, 1718, ased 50, 
thereon an eagle displayed, impaling a lion rampant, bruised with a 
bendlet raguly. 

Robert jElmham, Esq. was buried in the chapel oF St. Thomas in 
this church, in 1472. Margaret bis wife deceased, is mentioned; 
Margaret his daughter, and Joan his present wife, whom he appoints 
with Robert Brampton, the elder son of Thomas Brampton of Hor^ 
ekam St. Faith's, aod John Brampton, brother of the said Thomas^hi^ 

His sisters Wilton, Reymes, and Bertram, gives legacies to several 
guilds, and to the church wills a priest io pray for him, &c. and a cross 
€0 be made standing on the altar of Thomas the Martyr, before the 
priest, which I will shall sing in the said chapel 20 years: h^ was lord 
of Fenhall. 

lo the church was also the chapel of St, John, St. Margaret, St. 
John's guilds, and that of the Holy Ghost, and of Corpus Christi','^ 
the light of the Choif Crucifix. * 

On the porch of the church were the arms of France, semi of de 
luces, and of England quarterly, also the arms of St. Bennefs abbey^ 
'-'Sable, cipsier io pale, between two ducal coronets^ or. 

* Reg. Payoot Norw, fol. 3. 


[80 J 


1 H I fl town was at the survey partlj' a beroite to the manor otTun^ 
itedy held by Roger ofPoictiers; one freeman, who was expelled^ had 
the moiety of 12 acres^ which was valued in Tuntted; many other 
lordships extended into it, and this slender account is all we find of 
this town in Domesday Book.^ 

Le Gross'* manors of Sloley and Crostweyt extended into it. Rigi* 
nald le Gross in the 37 tb of Henry III. had a charter of free warren 
here, and in Sloley. 

Reginald le Gross in the7th of Edward IL settled it on Oliver his son 
and i^ir, who was found to hold it in the IJth of that King^ and in 
the 14th of Edward III. b^ half a fee. 

Another Oliver was lord in the year 1453, and gave it to his younger 
ton John; and in 1488, gave it by will to bis wife Margaret, for life, 
with the manor of Yemes in this town. This manor extended out of 

In the reign of Henry III. Roger Bolour and the tenants of Jeffrey 
Bolour, held the fourth part of a fee of Marshalts lordship of Scofhow, 
thev extended here ; and in the 20th of Edward III. John Chapman 
.and his tenants, held of William Bolour, he of Sir Roger de Hales, and 
Roger of the Earl of Norfolk, late Jeffrey Bolours, and Thomas Yemme 
and William Water, the 20th part of a fee, of the heirs of Robert Car^ 
honel, and they of the Earl of Arundel. This afterwards came to the 

The prior of Bromholm had also a lordship of the gift of William de 
Olanville the founder. 

In the 3d of Henry IV. Thomas Sturmy, William Thurlion, 8tc. 
held of the prior the 20th part of a fee, and the prior of the Earl of 
Suffolk. In 1528> temporalities of the priory were S5s.' 

On an inquisition taken at Norwich, July 15, in the first of Elizabeth, 
Thomas Rookin was found to die December 8, 1558, seised of the ma- 
nor of Westwick, with the appertenances in Sloley, Scothow, Tunstede, 
&c. held of John de Dovel, by the 20th part of a fee, and left by Ce- 
cilia his wife, Thomas his son and heir. 

Charles Coruwallis was lord in 1571* 

Sir Richard Bemey, Bart, of Repdham, purchased the lordship of 
Bromholm and Westwick, and left them to a younger son, John Ber^ 
ney, Esq. who married ^usan/daughter of John Staines oF Weston, by 
whom he had John his son and heir. John his son was lord in Ifigp^ 
and married Bridget, daughter of William Branthwayt Hethel, ahd to 

his 2d wife in 17«0, , daughter of Maurice Kendal, Esq. of New 


Mrs. Bemey widow^ possessed it in 1762. 

J Terre que fuer. Rogi. Pkmviens. —In Wettuuic i lib. ho. ct dim. 

xit ac. in code p'lio. (vis. Tunstede) 

W E S T W I C K. 81 

The abbot of St. Bennet's manor of Scolhaw, extended here in 1428. 
The abbot's temporalities >vere 175. 

Xhis afterwards came to the see of 'Norwich^ on the exchange of 
lands between the King In the> reign of Henry VIII. and the Bishop. 

The tenths were 4/. 1&. f)d. Deducted 4/. 

The temporalities of Fakenha/n Dam s. 

The Church is a rectory dedicated to St. Botolph. In the 19th 
of Henry II L Sir Peter deHobw, steward of the abbey of Holm, re- 
leased all his right in the town and advowson to the abbot.^ In the 
reign of Efiward I. the patronage was in Roger Bigot Earl of Sor^*^ 
folk. Ralph, the abbot of Holnif released all his right therein in the 
first of Richard I. by fine, to Roger Bigot, then Earl. 

The rectory was then valued at 19 marks, and paid Pe^rr-pence, 
\Od. the rector had 8 acres, but no manse. The present valor. is 
9'. 15^. 8(/. o6. and is discharged. 

The church has a nave and ^ isles covered with lead, the chancel 
with tile; in the tower 2 bells. 


Rjobert occurs rector in the 14th of Edward I. 

1305, Barth. de Enepol, instituted, presented by Roger BigodEBxl 
of Norfolk. *. 

1324, Richard Beneyt, by Thomas Brotherton. Earl of Norfolk* 

1324» Bartholomew de Enepol. 

1349> William de Atterton, by Sir John de Segrave. 

1349* Richard Tuttebury. 

1351, John de Stanton^ by the King, on accountof the lands of Sir 
John de Segrave, 

1561, Andrew Martyn, by the Attorney General of Sir Walter de 
Manny, Knt. 

John Fordham occurs rector 1382. 

1387» John Kendyy by Margaret Countess of Norfolk. 

1393, William^ Dockyn. . 

1417, John Cuttmg, bv Sir GerardVffiete,'m vlghi of Etixaketh hit 
wife, Dutchess of Norfolk. 

1431, Nicholas Cuttyng, by John Duke of Norfolk. 

1460, John Matt. 

1470, Richard Havingham^ by Alianore Dutchess of Norfolk. 
— Thomas Oldman, rectpr. - • 

1493, Thomas Botter, by Elizabeth Dutchess of Norfolk. 

h5iO, James Carman, M.A. ' 

1513, Thomat Chanon, by the Viike of Norfolk. 

1521, Nicholas Hanson. 

1540, Thomas Whitricke, by Thomas Duke of Norfolk. 
TTiomas Conyers, rector. 

1555, Robert Tayler. 

\6b9, Edmund Rust. 

^ R«g< Holm. foi« 43f <^* 

8t W I T T O N. 


1575, Edmrd Ru$i, by William Dyx, See. assignee of the Duke ; 
in .1603 he returned 67 commanicants. 

1610, Nicholas Rusty by the Bishcip, a lapse. 

1634, Thomas Watts, by Richard Bernty, Bart. 

1653, Robert Blqfield, AM, by Thomas Earl of JrundeU 

1670, Gabriel Wright, by the attorney of Henry Lord Howard. 

1708, William Bemey, by Thomas Duke of Norfolk. 

1748, John Lloyd, by William Paston, Esq. 

1748, John Fowler. Ditto. 

John Grufidesburgh senior, of Westwick, was bnried in 1473 in this 
church, and leaves to the building of the tower 9/. and John Ratayle, 
buried in the churchyard, 1460, was a benefactor to its building. 

In the chancel a monument, 

In memory of Bridget, the late pious, &c. wife of John Berney, Esq. 
Sd daughter of William Branthwayt of Hethel, Esq. sh^ died July 7» 

Here resteth the body of John Berney, Esq. of Westwick, son of Sir 
Richard Berney, lit. of Reedham, who departed, i^c. March 31, l689# 
leaving, two sons John and Richard. 

In memory of Susan Berney, widow of John Berney, Esq. and dough" 
ier of John Staines of Weston, Gent, she departed, ^c. March 2, i(^, 
leaving two sons John and Richard. 

In the church were the arms of Brewse, and of Brotherton Earl of 
Norfolk; Calthorp ImpHVing Bacon ; Wythe impaWng Wakesham, and 
argent, three oaken leaves vert, Okenham. * 

Here was the chapel of our Lady in the church, the guild of St. 
Botolph, the lights of the Trinity, St. Mary, St. Jnn, St John Bap- 
tist, St. James, the Holy Cross, St. Botolph, St Nicholas, St. Cathe^ 
rine,Si. Cecilia^ St. Anthony, St. Gresory,Si. Erasmus, Si. Eligius, 
Su Margaret, the plough-lights o{ Fetigate-street, South Gate, and 
Silver Gate. 

W I T T O N, 

\jr00ElG farmed this lordship (or was steward of it, when Domesday 
book, was compiled) of the King, where we find that a certain priest 
was deprived of it, who held 30 acres in free alms, and there were 9 
socmen with 18 acres of land, and 2 carucates and 2 acres of meadow, 
and he held it of King Edward by binging3 masses for the King and 
Queen daily, and paid then, or was valued at £s. it was one leucalong, 
and half a one broad, paid 10d» gelt, whoever was lord of it.^ 

' Terra R. qua' Godricus servat**^ Rege et Regina et t'nc. redd, ii sol. et 

In Wittuna i sep xzz ac. in fiJemonta totu' ht. i leug. in long, et dim. in lat. 

sep. ix sec. de xii ac. I're. sep ii car, et redd. xd. degeltoquicu'qs ibttciieat. 
at ii ac* p'ti. ex hac caatat. iii missasp. 

W I t T O N. 8T 

Tb» Idrdship that Godrie heU, came soon after to the Earl PTarren, 
and so was united to the following. 

At the survey, Hilliam Barl narren had a lordsbipi out of which 
a freeman had been ejected ; to it there belonged 30 acres of land, 
10 borderers, with 2 caracatf s, and 4 socmen with 20 acres, and one 
carucate and 2 acres of meadow ; and there was a church endowed 
with 10 acresj The whole valued at 505. but «it the. survey at '20s. 

Of this freeman Almar Bishop (of Elmham), in King Edwar(P$ 
reign, and in the Conqueror'^B^ had a moiety, and fVilUam MaUet the 
other moiety. * 

John Earl IVarren, was lord in the I5\h of Edward I. and had free 
warren, the assMse, &c« 

Id this family it remained, till John Earl Warren settled it on Tho' 
mas Earl of Lancaster^ in the reign of Edward II. 

One of the coheirs of this family brought it by marriage to John of 
Gaunt Duke of Lancaster, and his son Henry iV. King of England^ 
held it, and is at this time part of the dutchy of Lancaster. 

The abbot of Holm had a manor tn^longing to that abbey in King 
Edward^s time, one carucate of land held by 2 villains, and 2 bor* 
derersy one carucate in demean^ and the moiety of one among the 
tenants, valued at 85. 

Tliis, as 1 take it, was held by the Glanviles of the abbot> and after 
by John de Gyminghamf and Thonias Peche, in the reign of Edward L < 
and in the Sd of Hcfiry IV. by Roger Boys, as in Honyng, ^ 

The temporalities of this abbey in 1428, were 44s. 8^. 

The prior of BromholiM had a lordship in this town of the priory of 
Cagiieacre in the reisn of King Richard I. when a controversy arose ;* 
the prior of Bromholm used to pay to that of Castleacre 13 marks, 
81. &d, per ann. for the same, but having improved the said farm and 
lordship, it was agreed that for the future^ 14 marks and 5i« Ad. should 
be paid for it per ann. 

• 1 o this agreement William de Glantille, patron of the priory of 
the priory of Bromholm, set his seal, and was witnessed by Ettdo d€ 
Jrsu, Walter de CapravilL 8cc. 

Ralph, son of Richard de Witton, gave by deed^ sans date, several 
lands here to the priory of Bromholm. 

Laurence Attthill de Witton, released to the said prior, all his righ^ 
with certain free tenants, and a piece of common; and Roger Baxter, 
of Witton gave lands to the said prior of Bromholm, who was returned 
in the gtb of fidward IL as lord ; and the temporalities were valued « 
at 9I. 2s. 9d. q. with those of Castleacre, to which. Bromholm was a 
cell. ^ 

On the 5th of June, in the 37th of Henry VIII. Thomas Woodhouse 
bad a grant of this manor of Bromholm, and Henry Woodhouse had 
livery of it about the 15ih of Elizabeth; in the 17th of thesaid Queen, 
be had license to alien it with its appertenances, to Thomas Crofis of 

Robert Mallefs lordships of Bacton and Dilham, and the mapor of 
Rid/instont extended into this town. 

Sir John de FeUe and Letia bis wife^ lived here in the relsn of ilenru 
III. and in that of Edward I. he released to the prior of Bromhold, 

' Reg, Castleac, fol. $t. 

84 WITT ON. 

all his ri^ht in the advowson of this cbarch for 13 marks of sihrer.* 
' Keginala de Dunhapi \nhenled it as heir to the de Fcilcs, and died 
seised of it in ihe €7ih of Edwdrd HI. 

In the 29th of Edward III. William de Kettkston and Margaret 
bis \^ ife, c mveyed to Laurence Drake, a lordship in this town; and 
in the 17Mi of Henry VI, Thomas Wahham. and Margaret, convey io 
Willinm Baketon, four messuages^ with lanas and 20s. rent, here and 
in Ed j^ thorp. 

In » he 1 0th of Henry III. Thomas IValle passed by fine to Sir Ro« 
hert BrutttL h and Catherine his wife, the manor of Gorges in this town, 
JBacton, Edj/thnrpCj 8cc. which Catherine was (as I take it) an Inglos ; 
Edward Itiir/os held it in the 17th of the said King, and bis father Sir 
Henry ihed lord of it December 20, Ao. B, of that King. ^ 

Thomas Dnke of Sorfolkf on June 20, in the Haid reign, sold all his 
lands, rtMits, &c. here, late Brandan^s, and which the said Doke pur- 
chased of Sir Geortre Throfrmorton^ to Leonard Spencer of Bloficldp 
Gent, called the manor of Gorges and Thuxtons. 

Thomas Spencer held it in the 4tb of Elizabeth, and had aprescipe, 
to deliver it to Francis Southwell, Esq. 

By an inquisition taken at Norwich castle, August 17» in the l6th 
" of Charles I. before John Knap, escheatpr of Norfolk, Robert Go9^ 
ling, Gent, was found to die seised of the manor of fVitton, AuguMt 
$6. in the I5th of that King^with free warren, several messuages, &c 
the Red-^House and IVhite-House, and Thomas was his son and heir, 
aged SO. 

John Norrist £sq. died lord in 1701, an^gives it to bis son John, 
hy will; and in 1762, John Norris, Esq. wai» lord. 

The tenths were 3/. lOs. 8d. Deducted 10s. Sd. 

The Church is dedicated to St. Margaret^ and was a rectory, va- 
Hued at 25 marks, and appropriated to toe priory of Bromhfilm; and 
yibere was a vicaraee valued at 2 marks. P^/i»r- pence \0d. ob. 

In the reign of Edward I. a messuage, with a carucate of land be- 
longed to the prior as rector. The present valor is 4l. I3i» \d, and is 



In 1252, 12tcAar<{ occurs vicar. 

1300, Stephen de Thorp Market^ instituted vicar, presented by the 
prior of Bromholm. 

1330, Richard at Medwe. 
1349, Henry de Folsham. 

Hugh Woodherd, vicar* . 
1352, Robert Spacy. 

1360, Thomas Trendyl. 

1361, Henry Campubon. 
1380, Richard Miuet. 
1583, John Snow. 

. 13d0, John Bee. 

* Reg. Brash* fol« si, %$» ^^^ 



l3Q%f Nkholoi Shvei^fng. 

IS95, Simon Moyser. 

1400, John Bond. 

1406, Henry Btnacrc* 

1421, John Bish/ll, bj the Bishop^ a lapie. 

1421, ThonuiB Offetd. 

1428, Richard JttehilL 

1445» Steven Ivys, bj' the Bishop^ a lapse. 

1447^ William Luys, 

1490, John FoUenham alias Bumham, ditto, a lapse* 

1500, William Kays. 

1502, Henry Helmesley. 

1522, John Ho/gatc. 

1526, Thomas Wake. 

155T, Robert Bury; in I6DS, he retarned 140 commnnicacits. 

l6\l,'Httgh Collis^ by the Bishop of Ely, to whom the impropria- 
ted rectorj^ came ia Queen Elizabeth's reign, on her talcing several 
manors from that see, 

1615, Arnold Sackermann* 
. 1665, Joseph Uoogan^ 

1683, Michael Feme. 

1693, Noah Violas. 

1694, Henry Francis. 

1712, George Monk, by the. Bishop o( Ely. 
1750, Thomas Herset. Ditto. 

Henry Rose buried in the church in 1525, and gave money to its 
repair ; and to the repair of our Lady's chapel ther^. 

On a plate of brass by the communion table on a gravestone, 

Thomas Famunter and Frances his wife, who died in }£SI, and his 
wife in 1627. 

John Norris, Esq. buried in the chancel in 1761. 

W O R S T E D E. 

In the reign of Edward the Confessor, the lordship of this town be- 
longed to tne abbot of St. Bennet of Holm, with 2 carucates and an 
bait of land, 8 villains, SO borderers, 2 carucates in demean, 3 among 
the tenants, 8 acres of meadow, paunage for 16 swine, a mill, aud 3 
tocmen, valued at 60s. and at the survey at 4/. 

There were 2 churches with 28 acres, valued therein, and was for 
the provision of the monks. 

At the Burviey, Robert, an officer of the cross •bow-men, held it of 
the abbot ; it was one leuca long, and half a leuca broad afnd a perch, 
aod paid 18 J* gelt. St. BenneVs Bb\iey held also jo the said town^iu 


King EdwartTi ime, a carocate of land, with 2 villains, 10 borderers, 
one carucate in demean, and 2 among the tenants and 2 acres of mea» 
dow, &c. valued at 40s/ 

OdOf son of Robtrt^ the cross-bowman, assumed, according to the 
custom of that age, the name of Wursiedf from this his toi%n and lord- 
ship ; he held it of the abbot by one kaight's fee, being the gift of 
King Canute to the abbey on his foundation of it.* 

This OdOf and Robert his son, gave lands to the abbey and the mill 
at Bordtstede. He was father of Pettr^ whose son Philip held one 
fee in the 20th of Henry 111. 

Nicholas son of Phihp de Ifursted, gave to the abbot all his lands 
here by deed, dated in the 2d of Edward i. Henry being then abbot. 

Richard de fVontede was also a son of Odo, and had by Margaret 
his wife, daughter of. Robert de Mauteby^ Sir Robert de fVorstede. who 
died sans issue.— This Sir Robert and Sir John de Worstede, were wit- 
nesses to a deed of con6rmatioo, of Jeffrey ^ son of Bartholomew de 
Gianvilef to Bromholm priory. 

The temporalities of the abbot in 1428, were 3/. 125. o6.^. This 
V came at the Dissolution, to the see of Norwich ; and in the 3d and 4th 
of Philip and Man/, was farmed of the Bishop, at 4 Is. and Sd. per 
ann. by Bertram Themilthorp. 

The prior of Pentney had a lordship, granted to that house by John 
de tVoritede, containing a messuage, a carucate of land, a mill, 60s* 
rent, 10 acres of wood, with the whole pond of Worstede and Crowbeckf 
and the whole alder cat r, regranled by Simon the prior, to John for life. 

In the year 1328, the temporalities of this prory were valued at 
8/. 105. 4d. — On the Dissolution, May 22, in the d6th ot Henry VIII. 
it was granted to John Spencer, 

The prior also of Hempton had a manor, valued with a mill, &c. 
at 4/. 8s. \ \d» which on the Dissolution was granted as above, to John 
Spencer. Leonard Spencer and Catherina his wife, sold both these 
lordships to Robert Paston, and Thomas Thimblethorp, with their ap- 
perteriances in Sloley, Westwickj Sic. on Jufu 3, in the 8tb of Eliza* 
beth ; and after they are said to be aliened to ' Utber, and 

go to ' Mitson, 

Matthew de Gunton had a manor here which he eranted to William, 
son of Ifilliam de Stalham, on his marriage with Isabel his daughter^ 
being 49^. 3d. rent. This came to Sir Jeffrey Wythe, by his marriage 
with the daughter and heir of Sir William Stalham. 

In the gith of Edward U. Nicholas de Salidbus or of the Willows, 
and Elen his wife, conveyed to Jeffrey Wythe, and Isabel his wife, 
the 5th part of 28 messuages, 1 14 acres of land, 5 of turbary, with 27s* 
X and 8d. rent here, in Dilham and Smalburgh, settled on Isabel; and 
Wynesia, widow of Sir Oliver Wythe, released to William Dunning of 
this town, all her right of dower in this town, and Westwick. 

" Terra S'ci Benedict! de Holmo.— — ea' ht. Rob. BalisUri. de abb. ht. i leug. 

Wredestoda ten. scp. S« B. T. R.£. ii in long, et dim. in lat. et i por. et deg, 

car. tVe. et d. sep. viii vill. xxx bor. ii xviii.-»»-In eadem renet sep. Si. B. t 

car. in d'nio. et iii car. hom. viii ac. car. t're. T.R*£. sep, ii vill. x bor. et 

p'd. siiir. xvi por. sep. i rool. et iii soc. icar. in d'nio. et i car. horn, ii ac p'ti* 

m e'ad. t'ra. tc. val. Ix sol. mo. iiii lib. silv. vi por. val. xl sol. 
ii ecclie xxTiii ac. in e'ad. p'tia. hec t'ra * Reg. Holm. fol. 6, s6, 51, 174* iSS« 
ant de victu monachor. T. R. £• mo^ 


After Ibb it ctine to Sir William CakhoWf by the marriaffe of Jmy, 
daoghter and heir of Sir John Wythe^ ana was sold by Inward CaU 
thorp, £Bq. of Kifby Canc^ December 8, in the 21st of Henry VIIL to 
Leonard Spencer of Bltjfieldf Gent, for 40/. in hand paid^ Hna40 marks 
more on full assurance beins made* John Spenur was lord in the 2d 
oi Edward VI. and Leonard Spencer in J 572. 

Erpingham and Gainc8*8 manor in Jrstede, held by JaAn GroiSf Esq* 
at his death in 1408, which he left to his widow Margaret, extended 
into this town* John Skarburgh^ Ge'nt. had aprae^e to deliver it to 
Miles Baytpoole, Gent, in the first of Jame$ I. 

Before thij» in the 17 th of Elizabeth, WilUam Chatham oonveyed it 
io ff "illiam Tymberlejif, The ijrouee were early enfeoffed of a lordship 
nnder the abbot of Holm» Reginald le Gross was lord in the reign of 
Henry 111. and had a charter ior a weekly mercate on Friday, 

Sir Oliver de Ingham held here and in Lighamt a knight's fee of 
Hobert de Tateshale, in the first of Edward 1. This came afterwards 
by the heiresis of Ingham to tb^ Stapletons; and in the 2d of Richard 
li. Sir Roger Boy$, &c« trustees, aliened to the prior of the Holy 
Trinity of Ingham, a messuaget with 84 acres of land^ 3 of meadow, 
ooe of pasture, in Worstede and Scothow, by license, 

Thomat Moore, tLc, aliened to the said convent, in the ]6th of that 
King» 8 messuages^ 221 acres of land, 22 of meadow, 4 of moor, and 
the rent of 1 Is. 1 1^. per arm. in this town, Ingham, fVatcot, 8cc. held 
of tlie honour of Eye, 

In the 3d of Henry IV.the prior's manor» late Sir Oliver de Iwham\ 
was held of Sir Constantine Clifton, of the barony of Tateshale* 

The prior of Bromholm had also a lordship, in the 3d of Henry 
IV. the heirs of fVilliam Smalburgh held here and in Barton, 8cc* 
half a fee of the prior, with William Sywardby, and they of the Earl 
of Suffolk, as part of the honour of Eye, in 1428. The temporalities 
of tliis monastery were 104s. ^* ob* 

After the Dissolution, on May 26, in* the 6th year of Edward VI. it 
wss granted to Henry Grey Duke of Suffolk. 

Wtlliam Gillet, son and heir of William, had a messuage, a garden, 
100 acres of land, 6 of meadow, 20 of pasture, and 2 of wood, called 
Ftnn's and Skitt\ in the 23d of Elizabeth. John Kempt aliened it 
September 1, in the 7th of King Jiames I. to Edmund Themilthorpe. 

Thomas Seive of Worsted, had land here by the marriage of iiar» 
garet,one of the daughters of Sir Jiunes de Idketeihale, Knt. of Stif* 
folk, in the reign of Henry VL she dying about the 30th of tbat King» 
led S daughters and coheirs ; Cecilia, married to John Ovy, who left 
bis lands here by will, io 1472, to Tkomas his son, 8lc. by Emme his 
wife. Jane, a daughter and coheir of Seive, married WiUiam Smith; 
and Margaret, the 3d, Thomat Jeffrey. 

The tenths Were 14/. 10s. o£. q. Deducted \L 19'. \d. ob. 

I'be lowB is seated in a flat country, and has a weekly mercate on 

Worsted stufis are said to have takeu that name from their being 
first manufactured here. I find them mentioned in the 2d year of 
Edward III. and the weavers and workers were then by parliament 
enjoined to work them up to a better assise than they bad done ; and 
an enquiry was to be made afier the behaviour of Robert P - - - the 
aloager for these stufis. 


Many privileget were after granted to the workers olT them, Ao. I 
Richnra II. 8lc. the merchants came intd England, as appears in the 
S7tb of Edward lil. to pnrcfiase them, 

Tbe CHURCfT is dedicated to St. Mary^ has a Have, 2 isles, and a 
chan<:el covered with lead, and a square tower with 6 bells^ and was 
a rectory in the patronaee of tbe family of De fVorstede. 

Sir Robert de Worsted^ son of Richard de Worstede^ gave by deed/ 
uiru date, to the priory of Norwich, the patronage of this church, about 
the b€^ginhing of the rei^n of King Henry HI. to which Sir John de 
fVir^tede, Bartholomew ae Reedham, Eustace de Berningham^ &c. were 
witnesses ; and by another deed, he gave to them the chapel of St. 
Andrew^ in this town : witnesses. Sir G. de Bocland, hhn de fVir^ 
ttede, Jordan de SoukeviUe, then an itinerant justice in Norjolk, which 
was <2on firmed by Pandulf Bishop of Norwich. 

He also gave them lands with certain villains^ tbe abl>ot of Holm 
also confirmed it. 

Sir Reginald le Gross quitclaimed all his right in the aforesaid 
church and chapel, to Simon the prior, and the convent of Notivich. 

Thomas de Blundevile Bishop or Norwich^ also confirmed to them 
the said church, to take place on tbe decease of John de IVurchestede, 
and Adam de fVurehestede, who then held it in 1^26; and in 1£56| 
on the 8th of tbe calends of August, a vicarage was settled on tbe ap* 
propriation of the said church to the monks of Norwich, when a maose 
or house was given to the vicar, with an acre of land, by the chapel 
of Si. Andrew with all the altarage of the church, (except the tithes 
of the mills) and tbe rents of assise belonging to the said chapel, and 
the oblations thereof; bat if the oblations and profits of the said cha- 
pel exceeded 6 marks, tbe remainder was to go to the prior and con* 
vent, and the vicar was to repair the said chapel, and to find all 
ornaments, 8ic. 

The vicar was also to have tithe of flas, hemp, and all other small 
tithes, it was appropriated to the prior's table, and to the cellarer of 
the priory ; but after this, in the first of April following, it was appro* 

Sriated entirely to the prior's table, and the church of HenUington in 
lor/olk, appropriated to him instead of this. 

In the reign of Edward I. there belonged to the appropriated rec- 
tory, a hf/use, with 2,7 acres and a food of Ian 4^ and the church was 
valued at £5- marks, the vicarage at 5/. Pe^er^pence, 12d. and the 
portion of Kerbrook preceptory was Ss. — The prior had also a manor^ 
Edward I. in his d5th year granting him free warren. 


1(256, Warin de Festorton, instituted vicar^ presented by the prior 
and convent of Norwich. 

John occurs vicar in 1299* 
ld04y Edmund Johnes, vicar. 

Peter de Reynham, vicar. 
1346, fVilliam de AUeby. 

, * Reg. Holm. fol. 19. Reg. Bcdei. Cath. Norw. fol« aiy 39, &a 


1S5S, Oliver de Wytton. 

1355, Roger de FtUhorp. 

1357, John de Mamngham. 

1365, John de Kynneburle; in his time, Jo. dd of Richard II. the 
chaucel of this church was new built; the prior granted \3 oaks out 
oi Pinnated wood, and timber also out of St. Leonard's wood ; and 
the expense^ in money were 24/. 4/« 4d. 

1385, Edmund Martin, vicar. 

On the dissolution of the priory, the manor belonging to it, with 
the rectory, and the patronage of the vicarage, were granted to the 
dean and chapter of Norwich; and the vicarage is valued at 10/. per 
cnn. . 

Mr« Henry Aldved, vicar. , . 

In l603, William Flemings vicar, returned 296 communicants 1730t 

1660, Edmund Wharton,^ occurs vicar. 
Mr. William Bemey. - 
Richard Oram, by the dean and chapter of Norwich: 

1762, Ephr. Megoe. 

Oq a gravestone in the chancel, 

Hie lapis inpannis Spicer tenet ossa Johannis 

Qui Quadringeniesimo pius XL e^ iii - - - - Anno, 

Hicjacei D'ns. Johs. Yop» quo'da* Rector J Ecclie de Baton, 

Sir Robert Camownde, pfiest, was buried in 1482, in the ctiapel of 
St. John, of this church, and wills that all the said chapel be paved 
with marbyll stone, and to the grctvestone of John Uvy, with his 

foods.' — Kichard Watts buried in St. John Baptist's chapel 1509, and 
will have a prest to sing and pray 6 years in the church except 
the Fryday in evVy week, in the chapel of St. Andrew of Worsted* 
Agnes Waits, his widow, buried in the said chapel, 1529^ and benefac- 
trix to the guilds of our Lady and St. ThomaSj and to the repair of 
St. Andrews chapel, and gives meadow land to find two lamps in the 
church for ever, if the King's laws will pernlit, otherwise to be sold 
and to buy cattle for that purpose. 

Here was also St. John Baptist's guild. In the church were these 
arms ; Gules, on a fess, argent, three flowers, azure, between three 

popinjays, borne by prior of Norwich. Argent, a cross, sable, 

the priory arms. Calthorp and Stapleton, 

♦ Father of the learned Mr. Henry Reg. Spylttmer, fbl. aoj.— Reg. 

Wharton, who was born here. Alpe. iSi. 

' Reg. Wolman Norw. pt. 1 foU 5a. ' 

N* . »' L 


WALSHAM hundred: 

At the survey this hundred was in the King's hands, and paid 40f. 
to the King, and 205. to the Earl of Norfolk.^ 

King HfMry I. directed his writ to Ra/ph Basset, and Juh. de Vet, 
to fiis sheriff and barons of Norfolk^ certifying that he had granted to 
JEfforard Bishop of Norwich^ for life 100s. rentp^r ann. of this hun- 
dred and that of Blqfidd^ ou^ of the rent of 13/. that they used to pay, 
the remainitig 100s. being to he paid to the King; witnesses, Robert 
de Sigillo, &c. 

William de St. Omer farmed the aforesaid two hundreds, and that 
of Taverhamy in the 52d of Henry III. as in Bhfield hundred. 

Nicholas de Castello farmed them in the 10th of Edward I paying 
^Ol.per arm. into the fxchequer, and John de Clavering, in the 9tQ 
of Edward II. bad the hundred oi Blojield, and this ; when it appears, 
that one court was held for both those hundreds. 

King James L granted it to Sir Charles Cornwaleys, as in Blofield 

A G L E. 

(jrODBic, as Steward to the Conqueror, took care of this lordship for 
him ; the old Earl R.* (as the Book of Domesday informs us) held it 
in King Edward's reign, and was Earl of Norfolk, and deprived (as I 
take it at the Conquest) but who that old Earl was does. not appear ; 
in the Earl's time there were five carucates of land, 23 villains, 38 
borderers, &c. 3 servi, 3 carucates in demean, 10 among the tenants, 
&c. 50 acres and a half of ineadow, paunage for 40 swme, one niill, 

* Walesha H. redd, zl sol. regi et 1070. and so could not be Barl in the 
XT sol. comiti. Confessor's time, but was after deprived 

* Some make him to be Ralph Gua- as a x«beU 
dpr» but he is said to be made Sari about 



• I 

5 ninci, and 2 cows, 8cc. with 120 sheep, 2 skeps of beei^ 8tc. and 4 
socmen bad half a carocate of land, and one caracate and 3 acres of 
meadow, valued then at 8/. afterwards at 1£/. and at the survey at 
14/. 13$, 4d. fifty three shillings of the said sum was in the account^ 
the rest was a qutt*rent: it was one leaca long, and one broad, and 
paid £t. gelt.' 

How long it continued in the Crown is not ctear; it was probably 
granted to Hugh Bigot, by King Stephen, when he was created £arl 
of Norfolk^ by that King : he was son of Roger Bigot, who came 
into England with the Cont]ueror, and was loraof Fornset, Sic. 

In the 3d of Edward I. Roger Bigot Earl of Norfolk bad free war- 
ren, and in this family Earls of Norfolk it remained, till on the death 
of the said Eari in 1305, it came by his grant to the said King, and 
was ID the Crown till Thomas de Brotherton, fifth son of that King, 
bad the Earldom of Norjolk, and marshalship of England, with great 
part of the Bigocfs estate, and this lordship and advowson given to 
nini and his heirs, by King Edward H. in 1612. He left two daugh- 
ters and coheirs, Margaret and Jlice, and by Elizabeth, daughter and 
heir of Margaret, Dutchess of Norfolk, and John Lord Segrave, it 
came by marriage to John Lord Mowbray, (the aforesaid Margaret 
being one of the daughters and coheirs oi Brotherton,) and Thomoi 
Mowbray Duke of Norfolk his descendant died lord in 1400. / 

From the Mowbrays it came to the Howards; John Howard being 
created Duke of Norfolk in the first year of Richard II I. as heir to the 

On the attainder of Thomas Duke of Norfolk, in 1579, it cajue to 
the Clown, and on January 17, jP. 1 of King James I. was granted 
to Thomas Howard Earl of Suffolk, and Henry Howard Earl of Nor*- 
thampton. Henry dying possessed of it, and s. p. it came to Thomas 
Howard Earl of Arundel, his cousin and heir, who sold it on the l6th 
of June, in the l6th of James I. to Sir Robert Baneaster of -^ 
VEk Northamptonshire, and the said Earl and Baneaster ]om\\j convey 
it in the first year of -King Charles I. with the advowson of the church 
to William Jrhetel, Esq, of Jmpton in Suffolk, and Henry Caithorp, 
Esq. of the Middle Temple, and Sir Henry Caithorp dying seised of 
them August 1, in the 14lh of King Charles; James was found to 
be his son and heir,, aged 11 years, and the said James was lord in 
1660, and JR. Caithorp in 1742: of this family see in Cuckthorp in 
North Greenhow hundred. 

In the 1st of King John, Robert Fitz Roger, sheriflF of Norfolk, had 
an allowance of 21/. ISs. 4d. for land here, which had been granted 
to Roger le Bigot. — Rot. Pip. 


• Tcrre Regis qua' Godric, servat. ct xx por. c. ct xx ov. p* ii vasa apu. 

Adc ten. Comes R. vet. T. R. £. mo, xv ct iiii soc. de dim. car. tre. sep. 

V car* rre. acp. xxiii viil. tc. jLXXviii 'icv. iiii ac. p'ti, tc. val. viii lib. ct z 

bord. p' XXX mo. xxxviii tc. iii ser. sep. p'ii mo. xiiii lib. ct xiit sol. ct iiiid. ct 

ill car. in d'nio. tc. ct ii p' x car. hou. dc istis s'nt. uii sol. adco'pot. ct reddit 

mo. xii L ac. et dim. p'ti. siiv. ad XL alias blancas ct ht.1 leug. m loago et i 

par. p' et mo. i mol. sep. iji r. et ii an* in lato. ct de gclto ii soK 


9« A C L E. 



Was in this parish ; Roger Bigot Earl of Norfolk, seems to have been 
the founder of it in the reign of Edward I. for canons regular of the 
order of St. Austin, by deed saru date, he grants to the church of St. 
Mary of Weybur^h^ and Robert the prior, and the brethren thereof, 
for the souls of his ancestors, successorSi and heirs, all his marsh in 
Ack, with all the appertenances in pure alms; — witnesses. Sir Ralph 
le Bigoth, Herbert de Alencon, PhiL de Bocland, Henry de Reveshale, 
Hubert de Bavant, knights, &c. to this deed is a seal of green wax, 
with bis figure on horseback in full career, and Sigillum Jtogeri Co^ 
nUtis Norf. et marescalli Anelie* It was dedicated to St. Mary* 

In the 11th of Edward 11. this priory had a patent for 3 acres of' 
land in Felthorp, and the advowson of that church, for 12 a^^res in 
CUpsby, Ousby, and Burgh, and in the 14th of that King one, to pur- 
chase of John de Botetort, a moiety of FisUey church, and half an 
acre of land. 

Margaret Countess of Norfolk, in the 8th of Richard II. aliened 
lo this priory a messuage, 92 acres of land here, in North and South 
Birlingham, with the rent of Ss. and the<adv^wson of the church of 
lAngwood belonging to Blofield manor. 

In 1428, their tenoporali ties. were valued at 40s. 5d.; a modern author 
says/ that Robert Oliver, Thomas Monday, John Palmer, and John 
Barford, founded and endowed it, that it was dedicated to St. Mar- 
garet, and valued at the suppression at ?/• 13«. 4d. per ann. but most 
of this seems to be eratis dictum. 

The patronage of it was in the Bigots, then in the Mowbrays. 

John Berham by his will dated January 10, 1465, was buried in the 
church of St. Mary of Weybridge, he appoints Catherifie his wife,' 
and Robert Norwich, prior of Wey bridge, executors. 

On March 29, A"". 29 of Henry Vlll. Richard Fulmtrston had. a 
grant of the site of this priory, with all the manors, lands, &c. be- 
longing to it, in fVeybridse, Upton, South Birlingham, Billocksby, 
Cleppesby, Owby, Asnbu, Burgh, Stm Margaret, Acte, Redenha/e, &c. 
except the rectory of neybridge. 

Robert Benslyn had the site of it, with several acres of meadow, 20 
of marsh ; (and left it to his son William) A"^, 3d and 4th of Philip 
and Mary, the said IVilliam had the site, with gardens, orchards, and 
demeans held in eaj^te, and license to convey it to Miles Corbet, A^. 
6th of Elizabeth. 

The site of it was by Acle-Dams, near the bridge as you go to Yhr^ 
mouth, and was a very small priory, as appears by the value of it. 

Ralph Goodwyn in 1518, gives by will to the chapel at the Dames^ 
end in Acle 5s. 4d. for repairs, and to that of the bridge 6s. 8d. 


Hugh occurs prior A^, 14th of Edward I. 
Robert occurs in the --of Edward I. 

♦ Mag. Britaio. Ant. ct Nova, vol. iii p. 4iS* ' Reg. Cobaldc, fol. 75^ 

' I 

A C L E. 93 

On the 15th of the calends of July 1308, the custody of it (being 
then void) was committed to John de Kaylli, rector oxRolle$by^ 

On the 14lh of ?iovember 1408, Matthew de Honey, admitted prior^ 
presented by the King^ 
133 1 , Nicholoi occurs* prior. 

1323, Matt, de Horsey, collated by the Bishop, a lapse. 
13£8, Laur. de Billockby. 

Adam de Htfkelyng, prior. 
1333, Robert de Martham. 
1340, William de Jcle. 

John occors prior in 1379* 

John de Btnfton, prior. 
1397, Robert de Kepps, by Margaret Countess of Norfolk. 

John Beket, prior. 
1452, Robert de Norwich, by the Doke of Norfolk. 
1476, fVilliam Parker, by the Bishop. 

Peter Clark, occurs in the £d of Henry WIU 
1 492, fVilliam Basset, canon of Royston» 
.1508, Robert Chambers by the Bishop. 
1 509, John Bokenham. 

John Caune, prior, he resigned. 
1520, Edmund Larke. i 

1 530, Andrew Waleys. ^ 

1531, Ant. Derby. 

Anth. Bloae occurs in 1553. 

In this priory was the guild of St. Anne. — ^The patronage was in 
the Earls of Norfolk. 

The abbey of Tintern in Wales had a manor here, and the advow- 
son of the church of Acle, given them by Roger Bigod £ari of Nor^^ 
folk, in the reign of King Edward I* by a deed dated July 26, A?. 13th 
of Henry VII. Robert, abbot of St. Rennet at Holm, then held cer- 
tain marshes here, of the .said abbot, as parcel of his manor, called 
EarFs Holm, and little Holm, and in right of his abbey of St. Ben^ 
net, called Possewyk marsh and Monk*s marsh, with all tithes to the 
said marshes belonging, which he demised for 6 years to Walter Hawse 
of Worstede, in consideration of 40 marks, of money lent to the abbot 
in bond by Waltery and other money due to Isabel, wife of Walter, 
before her macria^ in her widow»hood. 

On the Dissolution it was granted with the advowson of this churchy 
to Thomas Howard Duke of Norfolk. 

Acle lies by the river Bure, near its falling into the Hier, or Yar, 
and takes its name from its site, A^Cle, or Cley, as a place at times 
overflowed, thus Cley by the Sea, and Cley^Cockley near Swaffham. 

King Richard II. granted to the inhabitants A"^. 11, freedom from 
all tolls, suits of shire, and of hundred, and other privileges, and to 
have a turbary in the park of AcUm 

Reginald de Acle, one of the justices of the forest of Rutland, in 
the 53d of Henry III. was probably born here. 

It is a market town, the market is weekly on Wednesday, and had 
a fair when the Bigots were lords. 

The tenths are 71. iGs.^Deducted l6s. 

The Church is a rectory dedicated to St^. Edmund \ht King and 

94 A c L e; 

Martyr, the ancient valor was 45 marks, Pe/^r-pence ti. Sd^ carrage 
6(f. 00* this was a pajmenf to the mother church the cathedral of 
Norwich, the present valor £0/. and pays first froits, &c. 

It is li single pile covered with reed^ and the chancel with lead, has 
a round tower, the upper part octangular, and 5 bells. 

About the pedestal of the font— -?-Ora/e p. aCab ; mti istu'/oniem 
in honorem deifeceruntJUri A*, Dni Af®. C. C. C C. X.; here seems 
to have been a brass plat^, with the name of these benefactors, but 
now lost. — ^The battlements of the steeple made by the church reves 
in 147€^ cost l6l. 


King Henry III* in his 5th year, presented to this church, Ralph de 
Norwich the Bishop of JJncoin (as the patent expresses'it) refusing to 
present, to the prejudice of the King. 

In 1311, Mr. Adam de Orleton was instituted, presented by the 
al)bot and convent of Itntem, this Adam was afterward Bishop of 
Hereford, Worcester, and Winchester, famous in history. 

1 3^£, John de Orleton, presented as ditto. 
• ]329> William de Culpho. 

John de Ely, occurs in 1365. 

1S83, William Potter. 

J384, William White. 

1384, John de Friseby. 

1394, Walter Fitt Piert. 

1404, John Dautre. 

1404, Thomas Stormworih. 

1414, John Glanvile. 

14^3, John Smith. 

1429, Ralph Wellys. 

1459, John Prefaut. 

1488, Phil. Beynham. 

1506, Sim. Singar. 

1515, Mr. John Morys, LL.B. 

In 1531, the church' was granted in commenda, to Ciarhs Ckre, 
aged eleven years. 

1543, Mr. Thomas Tedman, S.T.P. by the Duke of Norfolk, pre- 
bend of Norwich, 

On the dissolution of the abbies^ &c. the patronage of this church, 

with the fisherrof Weybri^e, was granted May 9, A'^. «9 of Henry 

VI II. to Thomas Howard, Vuke of Norfolk, ihe abbey of Ttntem had 

the grant of a maiior and advowson from Roger Bigod Earl of Hor* 

folk, and a fine was levied on this grant in the Slst of Edward I. 

^ Huffield, rector. 

1583, Thomas Stones, presented bv the Queen. 

1628, Edmund Michel, by Sir Robert Banaster. 

1646, Charles Wand. 

— r-, Edward Lamb. * ^ 

1 7 10^ JoAn Loggan. 

1710^ Calthorp Harvey. 


In.tTiis cliorch werethe gilds of St. Edmund, St Christopher, St. 
Johi n iptist, and St. Peter. — ^The lighfs of oar Lady, and St. Ni'cAo- 
/(tif.— The market plough light — Curgate plough light. — Damgate 
plough light.— A whole suit of vestmeDts of red velvet was bought ia 


At the survey the King had SO acres of land, 2 acres and a half, a 
carucate of oieadow, valiieJ at \6d. of which a freeman had been de- 
prived ;♦ the Conqueror had also the land of which a socman (of Gert 
as I take it) had been deprived, viz. 27 acres of land, a carucate and 
3 acres of aieadow, these Godric. his steward took care of.' 

This came bv a graitt from the Crown to the family of Le Veiled 
Id the 6th of Richard I. Emma, widow of Richard Le Feile, gave .15 
narks Uyr liberty to marrv whom she would, and to have custody of 
ber heir, and their land during the King's pleasure. 

In the lOth of King John, Thomas Le Veile, conveyed by fine 40 
acres of land lo Walter, son of Robert Briton. 

Sir Roger le Veile in the 4th of King Edwardl. grants several lands 
here to his son John, and in Laringsete, 8cc. reserving an estate for 
life to himself, and John was returned to have a lordsnip in the 9th 
oi Edward 11. 

John Feile, Esq. was living here in the 9th of Henry IV. and in 
the 6lh of Henry V 1. tVilliam Le Veile died lord of this manor, and 
of LarhigAft in rtorjolk ; and John was his son and heir, aged l6, and 
John le Veile was lord in the 5th of Edward IV. 

Philip Curson, Gent, alderman of Norwich, by his will in 1502, 
appoints that jignes his wife should have all her father's lands in this 
town, called Levyle% for her life, and all his lands purchased here in 
Hadworth and Sallom, to his son John, and his heirs male. 

This Agnes was daughter and heir of JoAm Le Veile, and John Cur» 
^n and Frances his wife^ convey it to John Walpole, Ao. 32 Henry 

The abbey of St. Bennet at Holm, had a lordship at the survey^ 
|[iven as is said, to that convent, by King Edward the Confessor, con* 
listing in King Edwards reign, oi one carucate of land, and 20 acres, 
and 9 villains, one servus, with a carucate in. demean, and one among 
the tenants, 14 acres of meadow, one runcus, and 20 sheep. 

Nine socmen had also 46 acres, and a carucate, and 3 acres of mea« 
iow, valued at 20s. but at the survey at 40s. It was half a leuca long, 
ud half a one broad, and paid l6d, gelt. 

♦Tcrrc Regis In Bastwjci i lib. In Bastuic — i toe. dc xxvii at;. 

110. XXX ac. tVc. et ii ac. p»li. et dim. t'rc. ct iii ac. p'ti. i cai. • 

car. ct val. xvid. • Rot. pip. Ao. 6 Ric. I. 

* Tern Regis qua* Godric. servat* 


' In I250y the rent of assise of this manor was 4l5. 5d. oi« and there 
were 6\ acres of arable land at 4rf. per acre.^ 

In the 15th of Edward L the abbot had the assise of bread and 
beer, in the view of the King's bailiff of the hundred, and held the 
town as part of his barony. 

The temporalities of the abbey in 1428, were valued at 10/. 6$. \d» 
oh. On the exchange of lands between King Henry VIII. and Bishbp 
B.uMf this manor of fVood Ba$twick is not mentioned. 

On October 12, 1545, this manor with the rectory, &c. was by way 
of ezchanee granted by Bishop Rugg, to John Corbet, Esq. fur his 
manor of Tiacon's in Ludham by the King's license ; he was also lord 
of the manor of Le Veile's in this town ; and Miles bis son had liverv 
of it in the first of Queen Elizabeth. In this family it continued till 
the death of Sir Thomas Corbet, Bart, who dying without issue, soon' 
after the restoration of Charles IL it came to Elizabeth, one of his 
sisters, married to Robert Houghton, Esq. of Ranworth; and in I698, 
there was an act of parliament to vest the estate of John Houghton, 
Esq. in fVood'Bastwick in trustees, for payment of his debts. 

H. Harbord, Esq. patron in 1740, and lord. 

The Church was dedicated to St. Fabian, and was appropriated 
to the abbey of St. Bennet of Holm, first by William Tarhe Bishop 
of Norwich, next by Bishop William Raleigh, and after by Willia^ 
de Suffield, Bishop, in 1249, and a vicarage was settled, valued with 
the appropriated rectory at- 12 marks.* Jreier^peuce I6J. carvnge Sd» 
The present valor is 3/. 65. and is discharged. . 

In the fourth year of King John, Ralph, abbot of Holm, was pe- 
tent, Thomas Rydel and Cecilia his wife deforciants, of the 3d part of 
the advowson of this church, acknowledged to belong to the abbot^ 
who gave to them half a mark of silver. 

Ralph Goodwyri in 1518, gave to the edification of the steeple 
here^ \Ss. 4d, 



• In 1311, Henry Syward instituted vicar^ presented by the abbots 
&c. of Holm. 

Thomas Herod, vicar. 
1346, Walter Chervile. 

1349, Jeffrey Josep, presented by the King, the abbey being void. 
1400, John Parys, by the abbot. . 

On the exchange abovementioned, between Bishop Rufg and 
Corbet, the impropriated rectory and the patronage of the vicarage 
came to Corbet. 

John Cowoer vicar, jIo. 2d Edw. VI. occurs. 
William Estwell, vicar, 
Andrew Clerk vicar. 
Thomas Pott, about l600. 

Benjamin Young, to Wood-Bastwick cum Panxford, by the 

1736, William Gerard, ditto, on Fot/ng's death. 

7 Reg, de Holmo. p, 96. ^ Reg. Holm* f. S| 9, and 4> 


i Salph de Beaufoe bad a lordship here on the Conquest, of whieh 
Codric a freeman was deprived, 4 socmen belonging to Gresham had 
7 acres of land, and one villain had 15 acres. Beaufoe had also a 
grant of the lands of Ulketel and IVitheri, *i freemen of King Herald's, 
who had 4 socmen, and the moiety of another, and 6 borderers, with 
11 acres of land, and one of meadow, and half a caruc^te, valued in 
Oresham, and Ulketel held 40 acres of land, and 4 of meadow, valued 
in the same village of Gresham.^ Of this see >n Tumtal, 

Nkhalus Bona aliened to the prior of Beeston^ in the Sd of Richard 
li. £ messuages, 59 acres of land, 8 of heathy and 57s. rent in Ifood 
Bastmckj Randworth, Panksford^ &c, 

Carhow priory temporalities were valued at 111. and 4(2. in 1428* 

The tenths were £/• 45. Deducted 6$. 8d. 


1 H B principal lordship of this town was bought by Almar, Bishop 
of ElmAam, and brother to Stigafid, Archbishop x>f Canterbury^ of 
Algaty Earl of Mercia, with the soc and sac, borderers, and all be* 
longine to the foldage ; there then belonged to it 3 carucates of land^ 
40 borderers, &c« 2 carucates in demean, 5 carucates of the tenants 
and a half, &c 16 acres of meadow, one runcus, &c. 140 sheep, and 
5 socmen, with 32 acres, and 9 socmen with 50 acres of, land, and a 
carucate, and 8 acres. 

The whole then valued at 6/. and at the survey at 7L I3s. 4d.' It 
was half a leuca lone and half a one broad, paid 12d. gelt, and a 
church belonged to it, with 7 acres, valued at 7d.* On the deposition 
of Bishop Jlmar, in lOTO, as a person disaffected to the Conqueror, 
and the rJorman interest. It was after granted by the Conqueror to 
William his chaplain and chancellor, and Bishop of Theiford, to be 
held of him as a lay fee, and at the survey made in 1085, he was lord 
of it in his own right, and at his deatli, about 1091^ he gave it to his 
see and successors. 

Of the see of Normch it was held, as may be seen at large in Bro'^ 
detton. Sir John de Casten and Robert de Boy ton being enfeoffed of 

» Term R. dc Bellofago. In c'ptione' T.R E. cu' soca et saca de Co. 

Bastwic ten. Godric. i lib. ho. T.R.K. mitc Algaro, de bor. ct de sequentib; 

iiii soc p'tinentes in Crosliam vii ac. foldam iii car. t're. tc. xlbor. mo. xxix 

t'rc. ct i vill. de xv ac. t're. «rp. ii car. in d'nio. tc. v car. hominir 

In Bastuic ten. Ulketel et Withri ho'cs ct dim. mo. v xvi ac. p'ti. modo i rune. 

Heroldi iiii car. et dim. et vi bor. ii\ ac. modo xii pore. mo. cxl ovs. ct v soc. de 

i'rc. et ac. p'ti. sc'p. dim. car. ci st. in xxxiii ac. t're. et ix soc, dc l ac.^ t're. 

p'tio. Gressaha'. en e'ad. villa tenet UU et viii ac. t're- sep. i car. tc. totu' vai. 

ketcl xl ac. t're. iiii ac. p'ti. app'tiatu' c. vi lib. mo. vii lib. et xiii sol. et iiiid. ct 

' Tena Willi.. £pi. Tcdfoidensis die ht. dim. Tg. in longo, et dim. in lat. et 

feudo. > de gelto zUd* i Ecc^ia vii ac« val. viid. 

In Begetuna teot . Ep's. Almarus p* 
▼OL. XI. * O 


it; and Walter Bishop of Nortsfich, in the 35 th of that King, bad a 
charter for free warren. 

In the 3d of Edward I. the jury find that the Bishop held it in capiU^ 
as a member of Blqfield, and part of his baron j, and Henry He Boy'* 
ton held it of the Bishop, had a court lete, and the assise of bread and 

The Lord Bardolf had also an interest herein, Jdam de Hindringham 
held under him in iYit^iSi^oi Edward IL and Gregory de Fetmingham, 
lands by knight's service. 

In the 3d of Henry IV. the jury present that Hugh Rightwi$e, John 
Boole, and their parceners, held here, in SoiUA Biriinghamt &c« of the 
liord Bardolf by half a fee, lands, late James Righiwhe's^ and Tho* 
mas Hindrinsham*8, and several tenements, oijohn de Casion, by half 
a fee of the bishop. 

In the see of "Norwich it remained till on the exchange of lands 
between King Henry VIII. and Bishop Rugg^ in lo35, it came to the 
Crown, and on June 20, Ao. 34th of Henry VIII. was granted with 
the advowson, to Sir 'Fhomas Paston with lands in Thurleton^ for other 
lands granted to the Crown. Edward Paston was lord and patron in 
1640, the patronage bebnged to this lordsliip. 

The EAt\<}f Yarmouth lord and patron in 1740. On the death of 
this lord, it was sold to the Lord Anson, 8cc. on his death it came to 
his brother Thomas Anson, Esq. the present lord. 

Hojwardf a freeman, had a lordship in King Edwards reign, con- 
sisting of one carucate of land, 3 villains, and 7 borderers, and there 
was among them a carucate, 7 acres of meadow, valued at 405. and 
belonged to the soc of Ralph, (Earl of Norfolk.*) 

On the expulsion ot Ralph, the Conqueror gave it* to Isaac, one 
,of his Normans, to whom he gave for his services a lordship at Thomp^ 
son in Weyland hundred, one at Wooton in Lathing hundred, one at 
Langley, one at Mundham, and at Uthing in the said hundred. 

How k>E|g haac held this lordship does not ap{)ear ; on his death 
it seems toiiave been granted to the family of the Bigoii Earls of 

In the first vear of Richard L Jeffreu de Amhlia gave 63 marks for 
license to try bis right to his lands in Begeton and ijonghale} 

In the 4th of Kino; John, a fine was levied between Joceline de Bur^ 

tingham and Maud Bjs .wife, tt'illiam de • , and Margaret bit 

wife, John de Depeliam and Isabel \ivs wife, and Emme their sister, 
petents, and Jeffrey de Ambli'e tenent, of half a knight's fee in £cg« 

In the 28th of Henry HI. it was found by inquisitions, that Jeffrey^ 
father of William de Aumbley, had a manse here of Roger le Bigot 
Earl of Norfolk, by half a fee, and that fVilliam was his son and heir. 

In the 41st of that King, ffilliam de Lincoln had' view of frank 
pledge, and held a moiety of the 4th part of a fee of fVilliam Ambt'^ 
lev, and he of the Earl*Marshal. — James de Lincoln had view of frank 
pledge, the assise of bread and beer, paying to the King \24. per anu* 

William de Lincoln was lord in the 35th of that King, and was re- 

* Terre Issc Bezetuna ten* i vii ac. p'ti. iep« valt sl soUet CtdesoGa 

lib. ho. Hofward. T. R. fi. i car. f're. R. Comitis. 
scp. iii Till, ct vii bor, intr. on's i car. < Rot. Pip* 


tnroed as lord in the 9lh of Edward IL and John de Uncotn in the 
dOtb of Edward III. 

to the S7th of Edward IIL a fine was levied, between Hugh Fas* 
ibify Robert Baihalct and Bartholomew Jtiiingham,knighis,€{uetevkUi 
Thoma$ Coltf and Isabel his wife of this manor, 416 acres of marsliia 
this town and Mowton, conveyed to Hugh and his heirs* 

Sir John Fasto/f, Knt. held in the Sd of Henry IV. a manor called 
Reedham Hail, of the Lord MowbrayU manor ot Fomsct, by the 4th 
part of a fee> and died lord in 1459. • 

John Paston, Esq. next possessed it, and died in the 6th year of 
Edward IV.— On the 18th of Edward IV. the jury find that it woald 
not be to the King's prejudice, if license was granted to fVilliam fVayn^ 
fiui Bishop of ffinchesier, 8cc. to alien to William lyberb, clerk, pre* 
sident of St. Mary Magdalen College in Oxford, Keedham Hall in 
Boston, &c..(as in Brande$tonin £yn/br£f hundred) late Pas/on's, and 
in this society it now remains. 

The tenths were 2/. I As. Deducted 4i. , 

The Chdkch is a rectory, dedicated t6 AlUSainl$» Ancient valor 
was 20 marks. Pf^cr-pence lOrf. ob. carvage 3rf. 

The prioc of Norwich had a portion of tithe valued at 6s. 8J.^ 
Thomat de Blomvile confirmed the grant of it by John de Grey Bishop 
of Norwich. The present valor* is 13/. and discharged. Here was also 
a vicarage formerly, as appears from the inquisition nooks valued at 40s. 


In 1514, Robert Prinu of ThemilthQrp,yiic9kT, collated by the Bishop 
ol Norwich. 

I3l6,de Hedersete. Ditto. . 

Hobert Thtmilthorp. 
1347, John Gyles, vicar. 
1349j William de Ersham, vicar, by the Bishop* 


1357, Richard de JrUaby, rector, by the Bishop. 

1360, Ralph de Broughton, rector. 

1361, Simon Jsketel. 

1364, Mr. Richard de Blythe, rector^ by the King, the temporali^p 
ties of the see being in bis bands. '' 

1306, Hen. de Dumton rector, by the Bishop. 
1383, John de Intwell, rector* 
1388, William Fulsome. 
1393, John de Woodehall. 
1395, William Horton. 
1399, Henry Wells. 
1422, John Swetenham, 
1433, Robert Wheldak. 

^ Reg. i Be. Cathf Morw. fol. jy. 


1451 1 John Fowler* 
1459, John Whyte. 
1461, Nicholas Maj/n. 
1466, John Wace. 
1468, Nicholas Hysham* 
• 1471, William Rychtry. 

Richard Wtther occars io 1428* 

Edward Sliftn was rector about 1600^ ibe patronage was in 
tbe Pastons. ' 

John Duckworth rector in 1622. 
Richard Fielding rector in 1632. 
In 1721, CaUhorp Harvey, on Jonath. Newhouse^s deaths by Johm 
Andrews, Gent. 

1733, John Rippinghall, hj John Bennet, on a grant from tbe £arl 
of Yarmouth. 

F I S H L E Y. 

1 H s King at tbe snrvey had a lordsbip, of which Ralph, tbe old 
Earl of Norfolk, was deprived at the Conquest,' so that this Ralph 
was not R* Guader or Wafers, who for his rebellion against tbe Con- 

2ueror in j074, was deprived, according to Speed, but tbe Saxon 
Chronicle places it in 107^, and it seems probable that old Earl Ralph, 
was father to this last. 

Earl Ralph had 25 socmen with one carucate of land, and SO acres, 
one of them named U/ward, belonged to the King's soc in the Con- 
fessor's time, and there were three carucates and a half among them. 
It was 8 furlongs long, and 5 broad, and paid lOd* gelt, and Godric 
took care of it for the Conqueror.* 

The family of La VeiW^ were early enfeoffed of it. King John, in 
his ^d year, had grant and charter of confirmation of this manor, and 
those of haringsct, Witton, &c. as his ancestors held by the service of 
being the King's ostrincer, (or falconer,) dated at Dorchester^ Jprtl 
19, under the hand of Thomas, archdeacon of Wells; witness, William 
Earl of Salisbury; and in the 13th of the said King, held it by tbe 
fourth part of a fee, and Thomas de Feile by tbe same tenure.' 

Sir John de Veile and heda his wife were living in the 5th of Ed» 
ward I. and gave lands in this town and Wittott, to the priory of 
Bromhohn ; in the ^SA of that King, John, son of Sir John de feile, 
dying sans issue, Reginald de Dunham, son of his sister Beatrix, jAged 

' Speed's Chron* p. i4S« — Saxon Wfuud. sep. iii car. et dim. et ht. viii 

Cfiron. p. 1 8a. qr« in long, et in lat. et de gelt xd. 

• Terra Regis qua* Godric. servat. ' Of this family see in Wilton, Bloiield 

* In Fiscele ten, R, Comes vet. T. Hundred. 

R.E. XXV 8oc« i qir. t re. xxx ac. p'ci. * Testa de NeviU 
u« ex istis e* de Soca Regis nu'me 

F I S H L E Y* 101 

26, was bis heir» and inherited this manor. This IUgif>ald gave tbf 
moiety of Ridlington advowsbn to Brom/tolm priory in the Slat of th^ 
aforesaid reign. 

FtUr Buckskyn was lord in the 9th of Edward 11. and in the 8tb 
of Edw. ML conveyed it to Roger Uardegrey^ citizen of Norwich. 

In the d8th of that King, license was granted to John Berney^ John 
Plumstede, &c. to give the manor of Fishley to Joattf widow of Ro^ 
ger Hardcgrey for life, remainder to William de Wichin^ham and 
Margaret his wife for life; remainder to Hicholas son of nilliamaLui 
Margaret, who probably was daughter and heir of Hardegrey ; and 
in the 3d of Henry IV. she held this manor of La Feile's, late Keginald 
Dunham's, bv the fourth part of a fee. 

NicAo/as fVichinsbam, £sq. died in 1430| and by Alice hi^ wife/ 
had William his eldest son, who- died before his father. 

Robert, son of William, was lord of this manor ; his son John sac* 
ceeded, and died in the Sd of Htnry VII. lord of this manor, those of 
Burgh- Hally and Reedham in Fishley, leaving John his son and heir, 
who by Anne his wife, daughter ol^ Inomas Brampton, Esq. of Bramp*. 
ton, hud three daughters and coheirs, Thomasine, Elizabeth, and 

This last married Roger Rookwood, Esq. of Euston in Suffolk, and. 
on a division of the Wichingham estate, hud this lordship assigned to 
her; and on December ], \^5S, had letters of administration granted 
of the goods, &c. of her husband deceased. 

This Olivia made her will August 26, 1563, and was buried in the 
chancel of this church of St. Mary, by her husband; gives 4$, to the 
repair ot the church ; 4s. to the poor ; to her sister Thomasyne Rook" 
wood, '-tOL; to John Caus of Christ Church, clerk, ^ds.; to Jane Cal^ 
thorp, her grand daughter, 10/.,* to her sister Thomasine her gown of 
damask, furred with lamb, with her kirtle of russet damask, appoint- 
ing her executrix ; proved August £9, in the said year. 

By the marriage oi Jane her daughter and coheir, a moiety of it. 
came to Christopher Calthorp, Esq. son and heir of James Calthorp, 
Esq. of Cockthorp, and a moiety to her sister Anne, daughter and co* 
heir, &c. 

Jane remarried, and in the 6th of Elizabeth, was the wife of Jeremy. 
Bowes, Esq. of London, afterwards a knight, but they on the said year, 
convey their moiety to the manor,.and a moieUy of the advowson, to. 
Robert Wood, with lands in Acle Aston, i%c. who in the 6th of that 
Queen, had license to alien it to Anthony Bate. From Bate it came 
to William Spooner, Gent. Mrs. Dayns, widow, mother of Spooner 
left it to him. 

By indenture, dated October ^3d, in the 23d oi Elizabeth, Henry: 
Carnwalys of Norwich,, and Thomas his son, by Anne his late wife, 
daughter and coheir • of Jio&er^ Rookwood, Esq. Olive his wife, for 
600/. sold to William Spooner of Fishley,Geut. Md Elizabeth h'lsmfe, 
the moiety of the manor of Le Veile*s alias Hardegrey's, with that of 
Burgh^Hall, &c. the moiety of the advowson, also the moiety of 8 
messuages, 6 cottages, 14 gardens, 540 acres of land, ^00 of meadow^ 
200 of pasture, 100 of wood, 200 of heath, &c. in Fishley. 

By this it appears that Spooner was lord of the whole town, and 

^ Of this family see at large in WIchiogham M^oa, Eyaford Hundred* 


F I S H L ^ Y. 

patron. He left a daughter and heir, EUzabelh, who married Sir Ru 
thard BellassUe of LuSford, in the coanty of Durham, and died Feb* 
.tuary 7, 1641^ and was buried in St. \^/(M^/< church, at Oxford. 


Nicholas, son of Hieholas de Pincema, or Le Botiler, had also an in- 
lerest here> in 1^1, and in 1270, Adam de Brancaster, and William 
de St. ClerCf in ri|;ht of their wives^ heiresses to Nichols, the last of 
that family living m 1£50, and lord of a manor here, had each a moiety 
of it* 

St. Clare, in ]$4d, sold his to William de Hevingham, and in 1389, 
William, son of William Hetin&ham purchased Brancaster's part, as 
is said, but it appears by a fine levied, in the first of Edward L that 
jddam, son of John de Brancaster, with William, son of Rtyner of 
Wytholesham, and Beatrix his wife, late wife o( Nicholas Botiler, and 
William de St. Clere, sold their rights to Guy de Botetourt, 

In the 17th of Edw. I. Catherine, widow of Walter Bukeskin, re- 
leased to Catherine her daughter, several messuages and lands in this 
town, Upton, Frethorp, Burgh in Fleeg, 8cc. 

In the d5th of that King, William de Caly and Catherine his wife^ 
released to Nicholas de Bukeskyn, the said messuaees and lands. 

Nicholas and Peter Buxskyn, were returned, as lords in the 9th of 

Edw, Roger Hardegreys, John Berney, Thomas de Bumstead, were 

querents in a fine in (he 18th of Edw^ III. and Peter Buxskyn defor« 
cient, of the manor of Burgh-Hall, with the moiety of the advowson 
of the church of Fishley, with lands in Upton, Frethorp, Mouton, South 
Walsham, 8cc. settled on Roger after Peter^s decease. 

Walter Thurston had also an interest in this town, in the 34th of 
the said King, vvhen he aliened 2 messuages, 14 acres of land in Wii* 
ton, Redlington, and Edingthorp, with a manor in FisUey, to Bromholm 

On the death of Joan, widow of Roger Hardegrey, it came to Wil^ 
Ham de Wichingham and Margaret his wife, as was settled in the 38th 
of Edward III. 

In the e9th of Henry VL Robert Wichingham, Esq. was found to 
die seized of this manor of Burgh. 

£y an inquisition taken October 31st, jIo. 21 of Henry VII. Bur^h 
Hall was found to be held of the abbbt of St. Bennet at Holm,hj 
fealty, and the yearly rent of one penny for all services. 

Being thus in the Wichinghams, passed together (as united) with the 
lordship of FishleyfStB is abovementioned. 


Here was also U acres of land and 2 borderers,' held of the abbey 
of St. Bennet, by the family of Redham, who gave name to it. J^P^ 
de Redham and Margaret his wife, conveyed by fine t6 John, son of 

■ Terra S'd 


In Fischele xxiiu sCf t'le. et ii bor.< 
See in Uploa. 

F I S H L E Y. 


Gerard de Redkam, in the Uth of Edaard I. 12 messdagefl, with se- 
veral parcek of land^ lo Fishieyt Upton, &c. 

Robert de Redhattif io the following jrear, claimed view of frank 
pledge of his tenants ; and Matthew, son of Gerard de Redham, waa 
lord in the £d of Edward II. and in the £d of Edward III. 

This came after to the WichitighatM. John fVichinghanif Esq* died 
possessed of it in the Sd of Henry VIL and being thus united to Fish^ 
ley roanor» had the same lords. « 

The tenths were 2tif • Deducted 0.— The temporalities of fVey^ 
bridge priory 3^. 

The Church is dedicated to St. Mary, and was a rectoiy, consist* 
iog of two portions^ that of Peter de Pulnatn's, was valued at 4 marks ; 
the other of Hugh, at 46s. 4dJ Peler^pence 6d.; carvage 2J. o6.— 
The present valor is 5l. and is discharged. 


In 1310, John Spike, presented to a medietj, by Matthew de Red* 

13219 Bartholomew de Ryiton to a mediety, by the prior and con* 
vent of fVeybrigg* In the 14tii of Edward II. the prior had a patent 
to purchase this, mediety ef John de Botetort, whose manor of Uptom 
extended into this town ; and Matthew, son of Gerard de Redham, 
had lands here of the said John. 

In IS33, Mr. John Cley to a mediety, by Peter BtJakyn* 

1334, Hugh de Schuldham to a mediety, by ditto. 

1S34, Simon Ymme, to a mediety* Ditto. 
John tie Daliing, rector* 

i3S8, Thomas -de Wedmore. 

1338, Thomas de Downham, by Peter de Bukeskyn. 

1349, Robert de Knapton, by Roger de Hardegrey* 
154^, Thomas de Dunham^ Ditto. - 
I34y, Robert de Fomset, by ditto. 
1349> William Chapman. Ditto. 

1350, Robert Smith. Ditto. 
1354, John^ Jftefaldgafe. Ditto. 
1359, Nicholas de Hanworth. Ditto. 

lStJ7f John Sipeter, to a mediety^ by Joan, relict of Sir Roger 

John Pecock, died rector of a mediety Jpril 30, 1382. 
Henry Bishop of NorwuA, on April 10, m thb year, consoIi« 
4ated, with* the consent of Joan Hard^ey, patroness of one of the 

1407» Robert Hay, by Nicholas Wychingham^ 

14 1 7 » Thomas Artyes. Ditto. 

UiQ, fVilliam Ham. Ditto. 

1434, Hij^h Leverych, by Robert fVychifigham, Esq. 

WiUiam Robyns, rector. 
In 1448, Thomas fVaipoUf presented to a mediety by Robert W^ 
eUngham, Esq. on the death of William Robyns, rector. . 
litfj Thoma/i ffo^fe, by Robert Wyehingham. 


1456, Thomas Hotanfi, by James Jrblasier, Esq. in right of his wife 
jignes, and Nicholas Ovy^ Gent. 

Agnes was ]ate wife of Robert fVichingham, Esq. 

U60, Robert KerlynghalL Ditto. 

148^, Thomas Leu, bj James Arblaster, Esq* 

149^, Edmund IfheeUr. 

\l9.9,y Henry Nelson, by fVilUam fjuson, merchant^ on Jonathan 
Newhousis*s death. 

1723, William Mackay. Ditto. 

1763, Edward Holden rector, by Howling Luzon ofGunton in Suf- 

Mrs. DaynSf widow^ was patron in or abont l600, and William 
Spooner her son after her; late Arthur Bates, and Henry Coruwaley's; 
and Thomas Drayton was rector. 

William de Scohies had also 2 acres valued at \%d. this was after- 
wards united to the lordships aforesaid. 


1 H E Conqueror was lord of this town, forfeited on the rebellion of 
Ralph Guader Earl of Noffolk, and said to be held by the old Earl 
' JR. in Kins EdwartPs reign, when there were 6 carucates of land« 6 
villains, 40 borderers, and 3 servi, fonr carucates \n demean, &c. and 
7 among the tenants, 8cc. and 30 acres of meadow, with a saltwork, 
Q runci, 7 cows, 13 swine, 260 sheep ; and 13 socmen had half a ca> 
rucate and 15 acres of land, and there were always 2 carucates and a 
half, with 6 acres of meadow, valued then at 8/. after at 9^ at the 
snrvey at 10/* quitrent 40s. the customary payment in tale, 20$. as a 
present or fine. It was one leuca long, ana one broad, and 2s. gelt.* 

Besides the aforementioned sheep belonging to the lordship, there 
were 700, and paid 100s. at the survey Godrick was the King's steward 
or bailiff of it. 

This town and lordship was granted from the Crown to the Bipods. 
Hugh Bigot Earl of Norfolk, was possessed of it in the reign of King 
Stephm ; from that family it came to Thomas de Brotherton, Earl- 
Marshal of England, &c. and by his daughters and coheirs to the 
Mowbrays, Dukes of Norfolk ; from them to the Howards. 

On the attainder of Thomas Howard Duke of Norfolk, 1572, it was 
then in the Crown, and granted by King James I. Ao. I, to Thomas 

^ Terra Regis qua' Godric. servat. ov. et xiii soc. de dim. car. tre. et xt 

•— Halfriate ten. R. Comes. T. R. £• ac. t're. sep. ii car. et dim. vi ac. p'tu 

vi car. t're. sep. vi vill. to. et p. xlvi tc. val. viii lib. p. ix et mo. x lib. blanc. 

<bord. mo^ t, tQ. iii ser. tp. iiii car. in et xl sol, de isuet. ad num. et xx soU de 

d'nio. p. et mo. iii tc. tc. vii car. hou' gers. et ht. i leug. in longo et in lato et 

p. et mo. ix. xxx ac. p'ti. et i salina. de gelto ii sol. et pt. ov, p'script. p'tia. 

scmp. ii r. et vii animal, et xiii por. cclx huic man. occ ovs. et red»€. .sol* 



Howard Earl oJF Norfolk, and Henry Earl of Northampton, and from 
them to Thoni^as Howard Earl of Arundel, as in lAcle at large. 

By indentnre^ dated in the 13th of Charles 11. John Dyx, alias 
Ramsey, of ff ickmere in Norfolk, Esq. and heir of John Dir deceased, 
(trustee for Thomas, late Earl of Arundel) was sued for payment of 
the debts of the said Earl>.of this manor of tia/t^erga^e; which manor, 
at the request of Henry Howard, second son of Hen, late Earl of 
Arundel, the said John Dix absolutely grants, and releases to Sir fVil* 
Uam Playien of Sotterley in Stiffblk, Bart, and to Sir Richard Onslow 
of fVest Clandon in Surry, Knt. their heirs and assigns for ev^r. 

The church was formerly a rectory, valued at 1^ marks, diedicated 
to St. Peter and St. Paul,, paxd Peter-pence, }6d. and carvage 4</. 
Sir Roger Bigot, Earl-Marshal, granted to the priory of Carhow, the 
tithe oT his demean lands, which was confirmed by Simon Bishop of 
Norwich, in 1264,^hen vahied at l6s. Sd. 

John de Knovil occurs rector in the 22d of Edward I. — On the 3d 
of the calends of March, 1501, the rectory was appropriated to the 
abbey of Tinterne in Wales, in the diocese of iMndaff. by John Bishop 
of Norwich, on the grant of Roger Earl of Norf^ and a vicarage was 



In 1302, Richard de Merth, vicar, presented by the abbot of Tintem. 

\S9Q, Edmund de Breccles; the abbot presented, and the Bishop 
of Norwich nominated. 

1350, Thomas de Plumstede. Ditto. 
Thomas Oliver, vicar* 

ISfk), Walter Holbeck. Ditto. 

1366, Hush de Thame. Ditto. 

1378, William Fenner. Ditto. 
William Beckford, vicar. 

1384^ Robert Snell^ by the Kin^, who presAted, the temporalities 
of the see of Norwich, being, then in the King's hands. 

1415, William Holer e. 

14^6, John Ederych. 

1433, Thomas Martin. 

1464, John Brown. 

1461, William Man. 

1506, John Rose. 

I5i7, John Yorke. 

1533, James Proctor. 

1541, John Codenham, S.T.P. by the Duke of Norfolk, to whom ^t 
the general Dissolution this rectory, and the patronage of the .vicarage 
were granted May 9, A"". 29th of Henry VIII. 

Edmund Palmer, vicar. 
^ 1548, John Young, by Sir Thomas Clere, who farmed the rectory. 

1558, Thomas MelUng, by Mr. Richard Underwood, archdeacon of 
Norfolk, exiecutor of JoA» Underwood^ Bishop snffiragan to tue Bishop 
of Norwich. 

1561, Walter Jenkinson. Ditto. 

1607, Geore^ Jenkinson. by the Bishop of Ely, at the attainder of 
Thomas, Duke^Norfolk. 

TOL. Zl. -P 


167^» the rectory and patronage came to the Crown, and Qoeen 
Elizabeth granted them an exchange of lands belonging to that see# 

1618/ Tnomas Rosy. Ditto. 

1660| Edward Mapletoft, by the King, a lapse. 

1691> John Sallet, by the Bishop of Ely. 

1709, Richard Foster. Ditto. 

17 1 1> John Anderson, by ditto. 

17 S\, Thomas Goddard. Ditto. 

Tbe present valor of the vicarage is bl. and is discharged. 

In the church were the lights of our Lady of Pity. — St. Mary. — 
St. Catherine, before the Brown Rood 

In the north isle, Lord Morleu, impaled Spencer. 

The taiths were ds. 6d. Deducted 65. The temporalities of ZVa- 
tem abbey were 3s. 6d. 

The abbey of Tinteme let to farm the rectory in the Qth of Henry 
VIII. at 6L per ann. to Thomas Ctere of Acle, who was to pay also 
-the pension of Carhow, &c. 


Six socmen of Gert were at the Conquest deprived of SO acres of 
land, 2 acres of meadow, with 2 carucates, in this town, there were 
also 2 socmen, one of them belonged tothe soc of the hundred, who 
held half a carucate of land, and a borderer with 6 acres of meadow^ 
who had under them 7 socmen, with £0 acres of land, and one of mea- 
dow, and there was .one carucate and an half among them all; it was 
one leuca long, and half a leaca broad, and paid l6d, gelt.' 

This lordship was in the Crown at the survey, and Godric took care 
of it; and was granted to the family of Le Botiler, and from them 
came to the Botetourts, as in South Walsharuj and Upton. 

William de Rothing and Joan his wife claimed view of frankpledge^ 
&c. in the 15th of Edmard I. 

Henry de Cat and Margery his wife had an interest herein, in the 
S5lh of the said King, and Henry Cat, and Jeffrey Atte Fenne were 
returned to be lords in the gth of Edward I[. after this John Fastolf 
antjl Margery his wife. 

The pnncipal manor belonged to the see of Norwich; at the sur- 
vey William Beaufoe Bishop of Thetford held it in his own right, as 
a fay fee, 60 acres of land ; of which 2 freemen (of Ralph Stalre were 
deprived) with the soc and sac ; of one of these Almar Bishop of 
Elmham had the commendation, or protection only, of this Benvfoe 
had the soc, &c. and Ra^h, the £arl had the other, valued at 2s. 

> Terra Reds qua' Godric, scrvat. ibord. vi ac. p'ti et h'nt. sub eis vit 
.-«— In Hemefingetum vi soc. de xxx soc. de xx ac. tre. e ac. p'ti. sep. i car. 
tre. ii ac. p'ti. sep. it car. in eade ii soc. et dim. int. o'es et ht. i leug. in long« 

•t i bor. €• sQca huad. dim* car. tre. ct et diin« ia latitud. et de gelto. xvid. 

HEMLIN6T0N. 107 

Bishop Beaufoe in right of bis see had also 21 socmen, with 149' 
acres of land, 8 acres of.meadoWy and 3 carucates and a half, 8cc. this 
was valued in his principal lordship of BUmfield: in this town, there 
were alsio 60 acres of demekn land** 

Bishop Beaufoe gave ihis to his see at his deaths and Bishop Her» 
btrt settled it on the priorv, with the advowson of the church. 

The ancient family of tne Ca$t<ms held a considerable part of these 
fees, of the see of Norwich^ of whom see in Blofield, Bradeston^ 8cc« 
and after came to the Berneys of Reedham ; the Lords Bardolf had 
also an interest herein^ in' the 15th of Edward L William Bardolf, 
claimed the assise, frank pledge, &c. 

Sir Thomai Berney died lord in 1389, and his descendant, Henry 
Berney, Esq. in 1584. 

The tenths were 2/. The temporalities of St Faith's priory ISd. 
Of fVeybridge 5s. 

The Chubch was a rectory dedicated to AlUSaints, and formerly 
in the patronage of the Bishops of Norwich, but was appropriated to 
the prior and convent of Norwich, for the prior's table, by Walter 
Suffield Bishop in 1(&48, and was valued together with the vicarage 
at 51. — Pe^er-pence \2d. — Carvage 2J. oi. ' 


In 1304, Thomas de Langele, instituted vipar, presented by the prior 
&c. of Norwich. 

1307, Richard de Boton. Ditto. 

1324, jind^ de Bedingham* Ditto, 

1349, Edmund Barker. Ditto. 

1367, Thomas Gilbert. Ditto, 

IS95, John Maljaas. Ditto. 

139^9 Edmund Heryng. Ditto. 

1397, Robert Gemon. Ditto. 
<^401, Sim. Annf^ble. Ditto. ^ 

1402, Robert Body. Ditto. 

It has for many years been served with a stipendiarjr curate, nomi* 
nated by the dean and chapter, who have the appropriated rectory. 

In the church were the lights of Jll^Saints, ot. Maty, Holy Cross, 
Sl Catherine, and St. Margaret. 

♦ Terra wyii. Epi. Tcdfordcnsis dc Terra Willi. Bp. Tedfordens. ad Epi. 

Feudo ^In Henielintuna, ii lib. ho'es copatu' ptinens X. R. E. 

it tx ac. terre Rad. Stalre T.R. A. cu' In Hemelintnna xxi soc. de cxL ac« 

soca et saca sed. de uno habuit Almar. tre. et viii ac. p'ti tc iii car. et dim. mo. 

Ep. comd. tantu. mo. tenet unu' w. Ep» ii hoc e. app'tiatu' in Blouufelda in eau 

tc Altera, comd. R« et valet ii aoU dem. villa lx ac. tre. in d'nio» 


M O U L T O N. 

A T the rarvey the King hafl, on the deprivation df 3 freemen, 37 
acres of land, 4 acres and a half of meadow, and half a carucate, 
valued at 2s. 8d, 

Another part of the town was a beniite to the manor of South 
Wahham, of which Ejflctf a free^woman, was deprived, and contained 
one canicate of land, 2 borderers, one carucate and an acre of mea* 
dow, and 3 socmen, with half a carucate and 18 acres of land, this 
beinff valued with South Wabham manor, was worth in Elfiefs tione 
5L afterwards 11/. at the survey 12/. 13s. — 4<i. quitrent, and 20s. as a 
present, or fine ; Godric the King's steward took care of this at the 
survey for ihe king. 

The Conqueror had also another fee, or lordship in this town, 
which Qodnc had the care of, out of which 10 Bocmen were expelled 
who held it under Gert ; it consisted of 2 carucates of Tand, and 5 bor- 
derers, with 20 acres of meadow, and 4 carucates, was 8 furlongs long 
and 5 broad, and paid \5d. ob* gelt.' 

^ These fees all centering in the Conqueror, remained in the Crown 
till granted to the fitgcMfs Earls of Nor^//r, probably by King Stephen, 
and were h^ld of them Inr several persons. 

In the 20th of Henry ill. Nicholas de Stradeset held the fourth part 
of a fee of Roger Bigot Earl of Norfoik, and 'Nicholas Ic Bote/er had 
a moiety of a fee. Roger Aired had a third part, and Robert de Mouton 
a third part of the said Earl. 

The lury in the 15th of Edward I. find that Robert de Moulton^ 
claimed the assise, &c. as lord, and Oliver his son was lord in the 
year 1320, and presented to this church. ilf(iu(2 his widow was living 
in the 15th of Edward III. and in the 20th of the said King had an 
interest herein^ as the heirs of fVilliam Freeman, and Roger Aired 
had also. 

In the 22d of Edward III. Robert, son of Oliver de Moutqn, con- 
veyed this manor and advowson with lands here, homages, services, 
&c. in other towns to Bartholomew de Salle and Richard de Bittering. 

Nicholas Wichingham and Alice his wife, had lands and tenementSj 
of the lord Mowbray : Edmund Wichinghamy Esq. of fVood-Rmnft 
was lord, and Alice ik\9 wife, by her will dated in 1475, gives 6s. 8^ 
to this church : she and her busband, in the 2d year of Edward IV. 

» Tcrrc Regis-^— In Mothcluna iii. «ol. et p'. xi lib. ct mo. ^ii lib. et xifi 

lib. ho'es xxxvii ac. tre. et iiii ac. et sol. et xiii soU et iiiid. blancas. et xx 

dim. p'ti et dim. car. et val. ii sol. et Sol. de gersumae ad |co'potu'. et ht. i 

viiid. leu. in loago et i in lato et de geltb iiii 

Terra Regis qua* Godric scryat sol. 

Isti rviz. S. Walsham) adjacet i beruita In Modetuna x soc. ii car. tre. ctv 

Modetuna i car. tre. scp. ii bord. et i bord. xx. ac. p'ti. et scp. iiii •ar. ct. ht. 

car. et i ac p'ti. et iii soc. de xviii ac. viii. quar. in longo. et v in lato. et de 

tre. et dim. car. lv>c« totu* tn'c, val, c. gelto xvd. ct obol. 

M O U L T O N*. 109 


lettled this manor on Frances, one of their daughters and coheirs^ 
who married Sir . Mullf for her life. 

Robert Spring died ' possessed of it Jpril 3, in the dd of Edward 
VI. abd their son Thomas had livery of it^aqd of the manor of Icling* 
ham M. Jafnes\ii Suffolk ; he conveyed it with Julian bis wife, in the 
4th of that King, to George Founteyn, Gent. 

After ^is Thomas JPalmer, Gent, had an interest herein, which he 
left by will dated June £4> 1558, to Edward his son^ by Elizabeth his 
wife, and was buried in the charch of Moughton. 

Id the 44th of Elizabeth, Edmund Anguish was lord of Moulton 
Hall, Lampett, and Rothem^hall, and the Anguishes presented as lords 
io 1«)17, 1658, l699i 8tc. 

The tenths were S/. — Deducted nothing. 

The church was a rectory, valued at SO inarkst Pe^er-pence 2s.-— 
€srvage 4d. and the priory of Bungay in Suffolk had a portion of 
tithe, valued at SOs. and was dedicatee! to St. Mary^ 


In 1320, Robert Rowland instituted rector, presented by 0/tW de 
Moutone* * ^ ' 

1325, Mr. Ralph de Hakeford. Ditto. 

1350, Roger de Mondegone, by Alice de Bumpstede. ^ 

1350^ Robert de Norton. Ditto. 

1352, Joifin deBesthorp, by Richard Iver 

\^Q\, Adam de Foxier, Ditto. 

About this time the patronage was granted to the dean and chapter 
of St. Afary's college in the fields at Ndhpich. 

1383, John fVayte, by the dean, &c. of St. Marias college. 

1383, John Harvey. Ditto* 

1383, John Boteler. Ditto. 



1403, John Virley, vicar, the rectory being lately appropriated to 
the dean, 8cc. 
1403i John Bawdre, vicar, by the dean, &c. 
1403, John Scoole. Ditto. 
1420, Thomas Petit. Ditto. 
1422, John Man. Ditto. 
1427, fViUiam Snelling. Ditto. 

William Taylor^ vicar. 
1429> Clement Welle. 
US4i, Thomas Alfred. Ditto. 
1448, Thomas Hanworth. Ditto. 
1453t John Domlyn. Ditto. 
1461, John Norwich. Ditto 

John Ramton^ vicar. 
1495, John Rudham* Ditto. 
Mf», Richard Thon^ion, Di^to. 

no P A N X F O R D. 

1505, John Franiptdn, by the Bishpp^ a lapse. 

1507, Robert Barker. Ditto. 

1511, Richard Sampson, he was afterwards Bishop of titchfield 
and Coventry y aft I take it. 

15 1£, John Rogers^ 

1541, John Younge. 
John Ludbury. 

\n the 7lh year of iimg Edward Vli March ^^, ThonuisGawdy 
had a grant of this approprcated rectory and the patronage of the 

1560, Robert Mourton, by (be assignees of Richard Palmer* 

1574, Roger Beweller, by Edward Palmer, Gent. 
' I6l7, Robert Pepys, by Richard jinguish, Esq. 

1658, Thomat Essex, by Edmund Anguish, Esq. 

1668, William Brook. Ditto.- 

1672, Thomas fVilson. Ditto. 

1699, John Sallet. Ditto. 

171 1, John Pitts, vicar, by the Bishop, a lapse. 

1723, Horace Fawcett, by Thomas Page, Esq. 

1726, Thomas Carter. Ditto. 

1737, Roger Geddings, by Thomas Anguish, clerk. 

Mrs. Anguish had the patronage in 1742. 

Here were the lights ox St. Mary, and St. Nicholas. 

The present valor is 5/. 6s. 8d. and is discharged. 

John Holler of Mowton, Gent, wills in 1505, to be buried in the 
churchy gives to the gild of our Saviour in Frethorp 2s. 

Henry Palmer, by nis will in 1523, requires to be buried before the 
door of the choir; gives to the new making of the roof, trees and 10 
marks, and 10/. to the niakiag of the rood loft; also a pasture in 
Baxter Lane end to the use of the church, for the exchange of the 
pit and common, now part of his mote, and paled in. 

Thomas Palmer, Gent, buried in the church in 1558. 

In the church was a grave-stone 

Orate p. a^ia Joh. Holler et Kather. uxor. g. qui. obt. xx*. HenrS^ 
Septimi, and this shield, barry of ten argent, and azure, over all a 
griffon segreant, or. 

This village is in the survey, wrote Modetuna, and Mothttuna, that 
we find Modburtf in Devonshire, Modeney priory in Norfolk, 8cc. 


V70DW1N, a freeman, was lord in the reign of King Edward, and 
Earl of Kent, 8cc. father of King Harold, and at the Conquest, it was 
panted to William de Scohies, a Norman, who attended Duke 
William, and was amply rewarded : there belonged to it 30 acres of 
land, 4 borderers, a carucate and 5 acres of meadow^ with half » 


carocaCe among, the tenantsj valued at lOs. but at the sarvey, whea 
Hugh held it under Scohies, at 205. per ann*^ 

Iii^e belonged to it a churchy epdowed with 8 acres, valued at 12^. 
but Ralpk the late £arl had the' soc. 

The family of Dt Ti/mworth had an interest herein, in the 20th of 
Htniy III.— i2oger Bigot Earl of Norfolk, in the 14ih of Edward L 
claimed the assise, &c. of the tenants of William dc Tymworth, but it 
was found to belong to the Crown. 

Id the 22d of Edward I. Robert de Reydon conveyed by fine to M- 
Mas de Trowse and Joan his wife, 12 messuages in Panxford, with 
35. and 6^. rent, and the advowson of the chnrch; and in 1322, iVi- 
cholas presented to this church ; he was lord in the 9th of Edward II. 

Peter Buckskin was also returned to have a lordship. 

The above Nicholas recovered in the 25th of Edward I. seisin of 
several messuages, 29 acres of land, 4 of meadow, with Ss. rent here, 
and in Ranworth, from Ralph de Rothing. 

Catherine Kett^ or Catt, of Hevingham, had an interest in 1331, 
and presented,-as did Sir Constantine Mortimer, and the Lady Cath^ 
eriite his wife, in 1349 ; Robert Bishop in 1374, and John Cobhe in 
13779 and 1582 ; probably as lords or the manor of Tymworth, who 
are said to hold it by a quarter of a fee in the 20th of Edward III. 

In the 5ih of Edward II. fVilliafn de Uffbrdheld it and the advow- 
son t'/i c^pite, heir to Lady Catherine Brews, being son of Margaret, 
sister of Thomas de Norwich, father of the Lady Catherine. 

The Conqueror had in this town a carucate of land, and 19 acres, 
with 12 acres of meadow, also 9 borderers, with a carucate, of which 
3 socmen of Earl Guert were deprived, and was measured and valued 
with RanworthJ' 

This was granted by the Crown to the Bigots, as in South Wahham. 
Roger Bigot £arl of Norfolk had the assise, Sec, of his tenants in 
the 15th of Edward I. 

After this it was granted to Thomas de Brotherton, and so came to 
the Mowbrdys, and the Howards Dukes of Norfolk^ 

Alan Earl of Richmond had here and in Dilham, in Tunstede bun* 
dred, 50 acres of land. Ribald his brother was enfeofied thereof; and 
Ralph his son granted it to the priory of Norwich, in the presence of 
Bishop Turbe, Sec. (see in Dilham,) and is now in the dean and chap- 
ter of Norwich, 

Roeer^ de P^aloines gave to the abbey of St. Bennet, 100 acres of 
heath and marsh in this town.* 

Ralph de Crikeios and Isabel his wife, 8cc. gave 100 acres in Pan* 
ehaford, to that convent, as in South Walsham. 

In the 14th of Edward L Bartholomew de Redham impleaded Con* 
stantia, daughter of Bartholomew de Somerton, for several messuages^ 
60 acres of land, 2 of meadow, and 65. rent in this town,, and Jian- 
mofth, 8lc. and the abbot in the 9th of Edward 11. was returned to 
have a lordship. 

. * 

•TcrraWilH.deScohiers— — InPan- * Terra Regis qua* Godric servat. 
kesforda ten. Godwin i lib. ho. T.K.E, ——In Pankesford iii soc. i car. t're. 
XXX 8c. tre. jno. tenet Hugo iiii bor. xix ac st xti ac ^\x. et ix bord* tc« i 
t'c icar v ac. p'ti. sep. dim. car. ho'um car. p. ct ino. ii* 
1 ecciia viii ac. et val. xiid. t'c. yal. x • * jkegis. H«lia« 

•oL aw, u sed« &• Cojoa, habuit socam. 

lia R AND W ORTH. 

The temporarities of this convent here and in Randwarth, were 
loed in 1428 at ]7«. d^. ob. 

The tenths with Raudzoorth, were 4/* Dedncted 6s« 8d. 

The church is a rectory^ dedicated to AU-Saintt ; the ancient valor 


In 1822, John de Sweynsthorp, presented bv Nicholas de Frows. 
1S34, George Bacoun, by Catherine Rett de Hevingham. 
ISATy Thomas Raker, by Constant, de Mortimer, 
13499 tiicholas Cros, by Sir Cons, de Mortimer, and Catherine bis 
wife. ^ 

. 1374, Robert Hertfhy Robert Byshop, 
1377, Adam Lenne, by John Cobb. 

1380, John Barneby, by John Cobb. 

1381, Bartholomew Benet. Ditto. 

1382, Robert Carter. Ditto. 

1396, Stephen Hewet, by the prior and convent of Beeston; 

About )600, Thomas Wright was reclor, and Henry Holditch patron. 
Of this family see in Randworth. 

1736, William Garrod, on Benjamin Young's death, by William 
Morden, Esq. 

The present Valor is 2/. 13^. 4d. and is discharged. Of the original 
of this church, see in Randworth ; it is consohdated with the vicarage 
of Randworth, and the church is dilapidated. 

The town takes its name from Pan, so called from some stream or 
river, by the Britons: thus Panfield in Essex, and Painswickiu Glou- 
cestershire, and Panworth in Norfolk. 


Sbvbn socmen of Earl Guert held 50 acres of land, and 8 of meadow, 
with one carucate, but the soc of them belonged to the hundred ; on 
their deprivation it was in the Conqueror, and Godric took care of it 
as his steward. — This town, with Pankesfbrd, was one leuca long, and 
half a leuca broad, and paid together lod. gelt.* 

This was granted from the Crown to the Bigots Earls of Norfolk, 
and so came from the Bigots to Thomas de Brotherton Earl of^orfolk, 
to the Mowbrays, and Howards Dukes of Norfolk, and so was sold 
December 5, in the 2d year of King James I. by Henry Howard Earl 

'Terra Regis qua' Godric servat. cainhund.etPankesfbndaetRanduorda 
«— -In Randworda vii soc. 1 ac t're. et ht. i ieug. in 16ng0| et dan* in lato^ ct 
viii ac. p'ti. et semp* i car. de istis e so* de gelto xvid* 


of Northampton^ to Henry Holditch, Esq. with tnesfmages^ lands in 
Pcftxford, fVopd'BasttJDick, &c. Jate possessiuns of Thomas Howard 
Doke of Norfolk^ attainted, l^y tbe ancient service of paying 8/. 7t* 
&c. being parcel of the lordship of S>u(h Wahham. 

He was a descendant of Ricmrd de Holditch) lord of Dudlington 
in Grimshoe hundred, in the 20th of Edward HI. as may be tnere 
aeen. Robert Holditchj Esq. was) supervisor of the Duke of Uor* 
folk's estate in the 4th of Uen. VI [. 

John Holditch^ Esq. was lord alv^ut the year 1500. 

Elizabeth^ widow of the above John^ remarried Robert Felming* 
ham, Gent, and hy her will in 15^^ requires to be buried by her bus* 
band John Holditch^ in the ciiurch of Black Friars^ in NorzHch, 

Tbe aforesaid Elizabeth gives to Robert Holditch her son, 500 
wethers sheep, ^oingat Ranworth, and elsewhere in Norfolk. Robert 
Feliningham her »K)n, dying sans issue, she orders her messuae^es and 
lands here,' and in South fVaUham, and PanTf6rd,\o berson Robert 
Holditch, (paying KX) marks to her 2 daughters, by 10 marks yearly) 
with all her lands m Upton ; and calls Ralph Bernej/her brother, and 
John Bentey her nephew, proved jipril 6, 1^24. 

She had also a son, John Holditch, who in the 33d of Henry V[IE. 
lived at Donyngton in Sajffplk, and was retained by the Duke of Sorfm 

Richard lioiditch was liTin^ at Randworth in the Soth of Henry 
VII i. and married Anne^ elaest daughter and coheir of Thomas 
Alverd, Krd of the manor of Rcndlesham in Suffolk. 

In the d8th of Henry VIII. Robert Monty man conveyed 2 mes« 
mages, 40 acres of land, 2 of meadow, 6 of pasture^ in this town^ 
Upton, Fishhy, and South IValsham, to Robert Holditch. 

Robert Holditch, and Richard bis son and beir^'were living in the 
Sd and 4th of PAiVip and Mary; and Fra//cfs, daughter of lio&^rf« 
then married William Rookwood, son and heir of Firmine Rookwood, 

Margaret Holditch of RandwoYth, widow, late wife of Robert 

Holditch, Esq. in her will, daled June IS, 1559, mentions Robert 

Holditch, Esq. and John her sons, her daughter Elianor, wife of 

Gourncy, and Frances, wife of Rooktcood; her sister, wife of 

Sir Henry Serningham, and her niece his daughter. 

io the 4th or 6lh of Elizabeth, Miles Holditch, Esq. had livery of 

this manor, &c« and John Holditch in • Henry Holditch, Esq, 

in 1600, who by Susan his wifie, daughter of Richers, or of 

Denney, had Elizabeth his daughter and heir. 

This Elizabeth brought it by marriage, with Didlington, tcc. to Sir 
Isaac Sidley, Bart, of Kent, and' Sir John bis son sold it to John 
Houghton, Esq. the youngest son of Sir Robert Houghton, Judge of 
the King's Bench, by Mary his wife, daughter of Robert Richers of 
Roctham in Kent, Esq. Sir Robert was son of John Houghton of 
Cunihofp in Norfolk, and born. there* 

' Gnindcsburgh Norw. fbh 35* 

▼ot. %s. Q 




ExtenrVd into lliig town. Robert Fitz Ro^er dt Corebrigg, in IVbr- 
thumber/and, ancestor of the family of De Clavering, was lord ifi 
right of Margaret his wife, daughter and coheir of William de Cheney ^ 
and relict of Hugh de Creisey, This Robert was the founder of 
Lang/y abbey in this couutj, and gave this churclf to the said abbey, 
sheriff of Norfolk in the reign of Richard I. and may be seen io 
Horsford in Taverham hundred. 

Peter de Musters held half a fee in the 20th of Henry [If. 

In the 20lh of Henry III. the prior of Beeston hcUL in this town, 
and Wickhamptofiy part of a fee ; and in the i5th of EdrcardX. claimed 
▼iew o< frank pledge, the assise, Slc.ofhis tenants^ and in the 15th of 
Edw. H. was returned to have a lord.nhip. 

This was given, as 1 take it, to that priory, by the fouundress> 
Isabel de Cressey, daughter and coheir of Hubert de Rye, 

Nicholas Bond aliened 2 me^^suages, 39 acres of land, 8 of heathy 
with 57* rent in this town and South Wahtthm^ in the 3d of Richard lU 

Their temporalities in 1428, were valued at oL 5$. 6d. and was 

5 ranted at the Dissolution, Dtctmber 5j Ao. 37 Henry VllL to Sir 
Idmund H'indham, of Frebridge, 

Sir Ilcury Spe/man says that the river Bare often overflows the low 
grounds hae, and surprising quantities off fish ae taken, the neigh- 
bours assuring him that lib bushels have been taken between the 
drag of 2 nets, and that it was famous for perch,* 

1 he temporalities ol the abbot of Holm in this town and Panxford, 
were 17*. ^d.^ ob. The tenths of Randuorth and Pankesworth^ were 
4/. 5s. Deducted 6s, 8d. 

The Chi;rcr is dedicated to St. Helen and was valued at 15 marks, 
and being appropriated to the abbey of Laugley, a vicarage was set- 
tled, (valued at 5 marks) and the right of patronage to it, in the 3d of 
Jidrtard III. Pr/er-pence 6d. carvage 4rf. ob. 

In 1237^ there was an exemplification of the assignment of thia 
vicarage, consisting of the altarage, small tithes of hay and turf, ^O 
acres of land belonging to the demean of ihe church, and a hoose on 
the north side of the church. 

Before this, it appears from the register of Langley abbey, that 
there was a contest about the church of Pankford's being a chapel 
, belonging to the church of Randworth. 

One of the witnesses deposed that be had heard it said from more 
ancient times,* that there were two powerful sislers, who enjoyed 
Randworlh and Pankford, and they quarrelled who should take place 
in Randworth church ; that being then the church for both townsiiips» 
uppn which one of the sisters built a wooden oratory in Pankford, 
(where now is the stone church)but the rector of K/iunorth had all the 
profit thereof; at length, (as the neighbours said) a woman named 
Jilswijd, having the right of the s^id church and oratory, *married 
Ralph, chaplain or curate of Slokcsby, to whom she gave the said 

• Spil. Icenla, fol, i^j. * Regist. Langley, fol. 144, Ire. 


charch and oratory; by Elswyd he had a son iiermer^* who enjoyed 

Another witnessed, that Mr. Adam de Crefyngham succeeded Hcr^ 
mer in the rectory, on the presentation of Rohett Filz- Roger j. who 
bad the right by his wife Margcrj/ de Cressg^ and then was the chapel 
separated Trom the said churcli, by Alexander de Dunham^ senesc4l 
of Robert Fitz Roger, who gave the chapel tp Reginald his son. 


By the said register it appears that Ralph de Sioke$by was instllu« 
led by Bishop Everard, in ihe reign of Hair t/ I. and Elswt/d before 
mentioned ; after this Hermer her son, by Ralph the chaplain, Jier- 
mer being instituted by (Villiam Turbe, Bishop of Norwich, 

After the death of Etsrvyd, the manor and aclvowson of Ranworth^ 
came as an escheat to Hilliam de Cheney, chief lord of the fee, and 
from William to Margaret his daughter and coheir, married to Hugh 
de Cressj/, by whom she had Roger de Cressy; but after the death of 
the said Hugh, she married Robert Fitz-Roger. 

On the death of Uermer, the parson, Robert Fitt^Roger and Mar-' 

fery his wife, presented Adam ae Denys, and was instituted by John 
lisliop of Norwich. 
After this, the Lady Margery ga^e this manor ^nd advowson to her 
600, Sir Roger de Cressy, and he gave it to the abbey and convent of 
Langhy, in perpetual alms, John Bishop of Norwich confirming it, 
to their proper use. ^ 

On the decease of Adam the rector, the abbot and convent pre- 
sented Pandulfihe Bishop, Mr. John de Ferentine, but Sir Roger dc 
Cressy gave £ parts of the manor to his banner or standard bearer, 
Ftjier de Musters, and the Sd part to Richard La Feile, his valet; 
from this arose two lordships. 

Henry de Feile released by fine iq^the 3d of Henry III. his right 
10 the advowson, to the abbot of Langley ; and in 1285, the abbot of 
St. bennet released to the abbot oi Langley, all bis right in the church 
q( St* Helen of Ranworth. 


William de Westwich vicar, was succeeded in 1342,. by John de Ful* 
ford, collated by the Bishop. 

1349, Roger de Fakenham, presented by the abbot, 8cc. of Langley. 

1349, John Cobb, by the Bishop, the abbot, &c. refusing to present 
on the Bishop's nomination. 

139l# Roger Asketil, presented by the abbot^ &c. on the Bishop's 

Darth. Fuller f vicar. 

1415, William Lacehy^ collated by the Bishop, p&noj'arA 

1449, Thomas Rodeland, by the Bishop. 

Miles Holditch was lord, and farmed the. rectory, as John his son 
did in Queen ElizabetlCs reign. 

Thomas Wright was vicar about the year 1600; the present valor . f 


the vicarage is 4/. and is discharged ; the patronage is io the se^ of 
Ulu, as is the appropriated ref:tory« 

William Mackau died vicar^ in 1752, and George Kenrich waspreir 
tented by the Bishop of £/y. 

Mr. John Gogill, vicar^ presented by the Bishop, on Mr. KenrickH 

Rohert Felmingbam, Gent* bnried in the church \506, 

1 he hinc»ry abovcmentioned of Ralph, the chaplain's marriage^ an4 
his wife's presenting him to this rectory, is a piece of antiquity nighly 
valuable, as it fully and pLiinly proves, that in the year 1 174, when 
Turbuf, the Bishop of Sqrwich died, that the church of l(ome, allowed 
of the marriage of their clergy, and their sons succeeding them in 
their church preferments; and that there was no positive law, either 
canon or civil, to hinder it, as their own records, and the register of 
l^ngleif testify. And it is further to be observed that one of the wit- 
nesses in this Ciiuse deposed that he knew Riugolfxhe grandfatherj^ 
Ralph the son, and Hermerus the grandson, all rectors successively of 
the church of Runworth, with Pam/ord chapel annexed, and the 
same thing was also deposed by Ralph, chaplain of fianworth, son of 

Sir Rohert Houghioiis eldest son, Robert^ died 5. p. Francis his se* 
cond son lived at Sheltoft, and had issue by Helen his wife; the daughr 
ters of Sir Robert, were Elie, married to Thomas Doughty of Aylshant; 
Margaret, to ^fiiliam Doughty of Hanuorth ; Alice to John Marshall 
pf horwich, and Cecily, to Richard Thurlow of Burnham. 

John his youngest son, lord of this town, by Doughty his wife, had 
Robert his son and heir, (and Elizabeth a daughter married to Jokm 
Tot hill of Upminster In Essex,) he married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir 
John Corbet, and sister and coheir of Sir Thomas Corbet, baronets of 
Sprouston, and was fa her of John Houghton, Esq. and of 3 daughterly 
Elizabeth, married to Sir Nevile Catlyn, Knt. of Kirkby Caam ; Lydia, 
to John iSay, of Holveston, Gent, son of Suckling Say, and Mary, who 
died single; this John was also lord of Randworih, and having th^ 
lordship of Bramerton given to him, by the will oi Thomas Corie, Bsa« 
about U)8i, settled at Bramerton, he married Mary, daughter of l{|i» 
chard Chamberlain of Ait ley Castle in Warwickshire, Esq. by whom be 

had Jol\n Houghton, Esq. who married ^, one of the daughteri 

and coheirs of John Baron, D.D dean of Norwich, lord in 1750. 

The town takes its name of Worth, from its site between two riverfl^ 
find one of the rivers is the Rand, or Raven: Rangworth in Gfotfce^i 
^isrsture; liavenmorth in Yorkshire, and Ranfield^ 

i « 

I nil 

T U N S T A L; 

AAi^pq BB 6b AUFOB, a near relation of Bishop BeaufoCj had agrant 
of a lordship, of which Gudric a freeman was deprived* and !uirold 
held it at the survey under Beau/oe ; containing 60 acres of land, S 
borderers, &c. with 8 acrei« and a carucate of meadow, among them 
and the tenants in King EdwartTs time, always valued at lOf. and 
the soc was in the King.^x 

EudOf steward of the Conaneror's household had the grant of a lord- 
ship, of which Ezciik, who neld it under Herold in King Edward's 
reign, (afterwards :\ ing) was deprived, one carucate belonged to it, 6 
borderers, and 8 acres or meadow, half a carucate in demean, and half 
a one among the tenants, ^00 sheep, (but at the survey 440) a church 
with 8 acres of glebe, valued at &d»; this lordship was then valued at 
40i. at the survey at 3/« aod the town was 7 furlongs long, 6 broadf 
and paid bd. gelt.' 


Eudo, who was lord at the survey, was the fourth son of Hubert de 
Mie, a Norman, and brother of Hubert de Rie, castellan of Norwich 
castle, to u hose descendants, barons of JRie, this lordship came, and by 
the marriage of Isabel, one of the daughters and coheirs of Hubert, 
the last heir male of that family, and o^ Oliva the other daughter and 
coneir, was brought into the tamilieb of De Creui, and Le MarshaL 

Sir Koger de Cresfi, son of Hugh, marrying Isabel, and Oliva, John 
Jiarshai, nho \%as marshal of Ireland, and nephew of fViltiam Mar^ 
skal Barl of Pembroke, between whom the barony of IZie wasdivided. 
Sir Roger Cressi was livins; in^ the reign of King JoAii* 

Robert Fttz Roger de Corebrv^g, granted to Richard, abbot of Sib» 
ton, the homage, &c« of Bernard le Sage, in this town, the abbot re- 
leasii'.g to hiiii the rent of 40«. payable to him and bis successors out 
of Blioumh manor in Suffolk; this Robert was a witness of King 
Richard the First's charter to thp city of Norwich in his fifth year* 

tfilimm de Halfrehute, by deed sans date, grants to God, St. Mary, 
and the inoiiks of Sibetune all his right and clairo> 8lc. in the advow- 
Bon^ and right of patronage oi the church ot Tunestalle, and in all 
things thcit they held, or their assigns of the gift of Sir Stephen de 
Crem, for ever ; witnesses, the lord Hugh, the son, then seneschali of 

♦ Terra R. de Bellofago-— Tune- i\car, tre. tc. vi bor. p^ et mo, v et viS 

static tcDuit Godnc. lib. ho. T.R.K. |h ac. p'ti. sep. dim. car. in d*nio. etdiifi* 

man. mo, tenet Turold. lx ac. tc. iii hoii. tc. cc o?. mo. ccxL i ecclia yiii ac. 

bor. mo 'v et viii ac. p'ti.sep.icar. int. et val. viiid. tc val. xl sol. p. et ino« 

|e et ho's sep. val. x s. et ^oca e. regis* iii lib. et ht. viii qr. in lon|^« et vi in laU 

> Terra Kudt^nis Dap;ten In Tu- et de gelto viiidi^ 

ncstaiieten, l^ule ho. Heroldi T.R.E, 

118 ' T U N ST A L. 

the lord Hoger, Earl-Mnrslial of Englandf James de (^rek, Reginald 
de fJemelifigton, John de Tunestall, Bernard le Sage of the same, 
WitHam de Lifigwode, Roger, sotf of Michael de Lifigwode^^fViliiam 
Cerfiun of Birlinghani, &c.* 

In I he 3d of iie/iry II I. a fine was levied bkweeri Margery de Cretsi, 
pelent, imd Baldtic'^dc Tavcfh'um', deforcieni, of the foiurlh part of a 
fee in this town^ and in the £Oth' of Henry 111* he held the fourth 
part of Oliva de Marshall, and Peter de 3/as/^r5,. standard bearer to 
isir Roger de Cressiy held of him the moiety of a fee, 8cc. 

CiyUs de Wacht&ham was found in the first of Edward I. to bold a 
quauer of a fee, and Jlmaric de Peche the 8th part of a fee of Gj/les 
de tt aehehham ; and Gerard de JVachesham in the eleventh of that 
King, had ihe moiety of 4 fees here, in Depeham, Motley, &c. of the 
manor of Ilokerlng; ihe Marshats interest here came by marriage to 
the lords Morley, who held it in capiie in the S4lh of Edward III. and 
the 3d of Richard II. 8cc. 

'J he fijm ly ol the Tunstah had also an interest herein ; Alfred de 
Uuaestii/ had lands h( le, as appears by a fine in the lOtb of Richard I. 
and ^ian in the 3d of Henry 111. 

John dt lunesfnl'm the 14th of Edward h had the assise of his 
tenants, hs his nnccslors had enjoyed \t, and in the following year 
' 'Jhomas dt Tumtai^ Qud' Nicholas de Monesley claimed the same ; but 
it was found to be in the Crown. 

1 lie Tutistnls interest came as it seems to the family of Atte Lee; 

Thomas ae Tnmtal conveyed lands to John Atte Lee, in the reign of 

Ednard I John Atte Lee of Tunstal was living, and Margaret his 

.wife, in the 17ih of Edward II. and John Atte Ler^junior^ in the 2d 

of Edward I.ll. 

. In the yih of IJeiiry IV. John Rothe of North Birlingham, Jeff. 
Segrym of iyuuth WaUlam, &c. demise to John Berney of Reedkam^ 
JBb(). the messuages, tei ements, lands, rents and services, late John 
A tie Ltcs, in Tunstal, Haivergaie, &c. which they had of the feofment 
of John IJay/eadon, chuplain, &.c. and they of the feofment of John 
Atte Lee in the filh of i/t/i/y IV.and William lV/rer/on,jndgeof the 
King's Bench, Robert Toppys, cilizen and mercer of Norwich, &c. de- 
mise the same to John B any ard of Met/ ingham, and Robert Banyard 
of Speotashale in Suffolk, lisq. -«i®. 38 of Henry V [. 

i^iier this, John Crcy of Sybton demised it to Sir Edmund Jenny, 
Michael Fysher, and IMlliamJcnney, Esq. 

Alter this by the nmrriage of Margaret^ daughter and heir of Ro. 
Baynard of Specteshale in Sujfolk, Esq. it came to John Bacon of 
Baconsthorp in Nojoik, Esq. who died lord in 1462 ; he left it to I*Ao- 
mas liis son and heir, who dying about 1485, had by Margery his wifen 
daughter of John Jenny, two daughters and coheirs, Elizabeth, and 
Anne; and on a division of the Baton's estate a moiety of this lord* 
ship wa& allotted to Elizabeth, who was married to Sir Thomas Glem^ 
ham of iiUnham Parva, in Suffolk, who died in the Syih of Henry 
VIIK \>hen it. came to his son and heir Christopher; and on his death, 
in. the 4Lii of Edward VI. to Thomas Gleinham his son. 

* In t|ie orig-nal deed that I have, tt Roger £ar1 of Norfolk, (in tlie time of 
.is thus: F< stib; D'oo. Hug. fi). t'oc. Se- King John) who succeeded his iathe* ui 
firschall. D'ni. l<og. Coniit. Marescall. • 1220. 
Argl.; this xiiu>t be Hugh '3igot, &on of 

T U N S T A t. 119 

Annty Ihe other daughter and coheir, brought her moiety to Robert 
Garneys, of Kenton in Suffo/k, Esq. 

Thomas Gqrneys died possessed of it -rf^ l6th of Elizabeth, and left 
EHzaheth his daughter and heir, married first to — Jtrnegati, and 
after to Philip Strelley, ot HotliHghamslnre ; their son Nicholas Aied 

Robert de Verli had a lordship, out of which Calp, who possessed 
it ID Edward the Contessor*s time, was expeHed ; 80 acres of land be« 
longed to it, with 6 borderers, one carucate in demean, and one among 
the tenants, 10 acres of meadow, and 60 sheep, with a saltwork, valued 
in the whole at ^Os^ 

This came from the Ferlies to the Earl's Warren y and was held of 
them of the Lords Bardol/of IVirmeget/. 

Julian, daughter p.nd heir of Hugh Lord Gournejf ,re\ict of Wi/liam, 
Lord BarHolJ\ died seized of it in the reign of Edward L valued nt 
591. 4rf. per nnn. and Philip de Haskeby held in A\ 20th of Henry 
III. the 5th p>irt of a fee of the Earl IVarren, 

About the 20th of Edward 111. Sir Richard Pateshull held here, in 
licld, Dallingj 8cc. two fee^, and his heir was in ward (a minor) of 
the Lord Hardolf, and he of the Earl fVarren. 

John Fastolf died seized of a lordship here in the 7lh of Htnry IV. ^ 
and Hugh was bis son and heir; and Sir Hugh Fastolf h\s son, in the 
year 1417, when John was found his son and heir, a;«;ed 10 years; 
Maud, widow of Sir Hugh had a dower herein, in the loth of Henry 
VI. John Rookwood had also an interest herein in the dth of that king, 
held of the Lord Bardolf, 

In the 38th of Henry VIII. Walter Baker and Margaret his wife, 
convey to Edward Spaneyt two messuages, two gardens, 80 acres of 
land, 20 of meadow, 20 of pasture, 60 of marsh, and 10 of wood. 

Gilbert, an officer of the Conqueror's cross bowmen, was rewarded 
for his services, with a lordship, on the expulsion uf Rutho, a freemaH, 
who enjoyed it, consisting of half a carucate of land, 6 borderers, d 
acres and half a carucate of meadow in demean, ha! Fa carucate among 
the tenants, 3 cows, and 52 shcep; valued then at lOs, at the survey 
at 22«.» 

This lordship came from Gislebert, into the family of De Cheney,. 
(as I take it,) and so (being united to this manor) to the Cressies, Sic. 
as may be above seen. 

The tenths^were 5/. — Deducted I81. 4(i.— The lempnraliiies of Nor* 
wich priory 3s. of Sib ton i6s. Sd. 

The Church is dedicated to St. Peter, and St. Paul, and was 
rectory valued al 12 marks, Peter-pence Sd. ob. — carvai;c Sd,ob, and 
puled about the reign of Rithard L tp the abbey of Sibtan in Snf" 
oik, by Robert Fitz Roger, (as is before observed) and after a vicarage 
was settled on iU being appropriated, valued at 8 niark^ and the 
rectory at 12 marks. 

' Terre Robti de Verll In Tunc- • Terre Gisleberti Arbalist In 

•taile tcnrt. Calp. T. R E. Lxxx ac. Tunestall ten. i hb. ho. 

tre scp. vi bor. sep. i car. in d*nio. i tre. sep. vi bor. viii ac. p'ti. tc. dim. 

cir. ho'uni. x ac. p'ti. ic, LX mo. Lov. car. mo. i car. in 'i'lvo. sep. dim. rar, 

1 taU sep, val. xx sol, ho'uxn« ill an. tc. lii ov. mo. xxx. 


IflO T U N S T A L. 


In 1509^ Richard We$ton was iasiitated rlcar, collated by the Bt* 
shop of Norwich. 

IS20, Oliver de Wycton. Ditto. 

]d£S, Robert Fohham. Ditto. 

1332, tVilliam de Rnghtm. Ditto. 

^3^2, William Aldeby. Ditto. 

1342> William de Ringland. Ditto^ 
T/tomas de Brome, vicar. 

1S52> William de Weston. Ditto. 

1361, John de Gun ton, presented by the abbot, &c« of Sibtom, oa 
tbe Bishop's nomination. 

1366, William de Cavingham, by the Bishop. 

13779 -^dam de Blofield,oy tbe King, the temporalities of the abbey, 
then in the King. 

1384, William Hacon, by the King, 

1393, Sim. Bond, by the Bishop. 

1402, John Btk. Ditto. 

1404, Edmund Ray. Ditto. 

1419, John Swetenham. Ditto. 

1422, John Cuppere. Ditto. 

1434, John Kentyng. Ditto ^ 

143(), John Biskelc. Ditto. 

1439> Thomas Elys. Ditto. 

1441, Roger Coton. Ditto. 

The patronage of the vicaraee, with the appropriated rectory, wa» 

f ran led on Jufy 31, in the 28tn of Henry VIIL to Thomas Howard 
)uke of Norfolky on whose attainder coming into the Crown, was 
granted on July 1, A^. 7th of Edward V[. to Edward Spanye, and 
John Baspole, with the messuages,. called Tyilty house, or manor, &c. 
to be hela in soccage, and finding a curate, or chaplain, on their 
paying 436/. 13^. la. to the Crown. 

It is at present a curacy, and held with Moulton. 

On September 10, A^. 39th of Henrv VI. John Banyardt and Ro* 
bert Banyard, let to farm to Thomas, aboot of Sibtoa, and the conyent| 
a messuage, late Thomas Allen*s, citizen and spicer of Harwich, for* 
merly John Atte Lees, with all the lands, rents, and services, &c. 
which they lately had of William Yelverton, the judge, Robert Top* 
pys, which they jointly purchased with Allen deceased, of ThosnoM 
Titelowe, late burgess of Yarmouth Magna, for 30 years, paying 6 
marks per ami. this was what was granted to Edwara Spanye, Sic. al 
the Dissolution. 

From the Spaneys, it came by the marriaee of Jane, daughter ot 
John Spaney, to Thomas J enkinson, son oi John Jenkinson of JSorwich* 

Richard J eukinson was lord in the Slst oi Elizabeth; he married 
JUarger^, daughter of !/%omas Ward of Broke, jiud had Thomas his 
son and heir, born in 1577, and was living in 22d of James I. in the 
said year on September ],he conveyed the appropriated rectory to Sir 
John Holjart, but tbe lordship was in his son. Miles Jenkinson, who 
died in prison at Norwich, bis widow held it in 1702^ her son 27ioinas 
died sin^jle, but her daughter was married. 


R E ED H A M. . lai 

On tbe £3d of Jii/y, in the S7th of Henry VIII. Sir Thomas CJerc 
bad a grant otCkUcCs marsh in Tunstall, late belonging to Henring'* 
btfc college^ with messuages and lands. 

In the chancel window, 9a6le, a fe4% ••*-• between threa eaglets 
displayed^ or, Spane^t arms. ^ 


WiijMAM BE ScofliBS had a grant of this lordship ot.Reedham, 
which Brietric, a Saxon^ possessed in King EdwanTs reign, and was 
deprived on the conquest; it consisted of a carucate of land, (and 
Richard held it under Scohies at the survey) 1 1 borderers, and 3 servi, 
&c. one carucate and a half in demean, 8cc* one carucate and a half 
among the tenants^ with 20 acres of meadow, valued at 40^. at the 
sarvey ^t 6o$* one ieuca and 3 furlongs long, and half a leuca broad, 
paid 16^. gelt whoever held it. 

There was one church endowed with 40 acres, valued at 6s* 
and 8d.* 

Tbe abbot of Holm claimed one socman with 40 acres of land, 
and claims at present a borderer, and one acre of land, as the hundred 

There is an old tradition relating to this town, mentioned 'by histo- 
rians, which is not to be passed by ;* 

• Lodbroc, said to be a Danish king^ but supposed by Sir John 
Sjnlman to have been King of Zelarid, hawking among certain little 
islands, in a boat, was by a sudden tempest carried oi^t to sea, and 
drove ashore here, and brought to Edmmd, King of the East Angles, 
then residing at Castor in Fleg^y who being plea^d with his behavi- 
our, fortune, and ^reat skill in hunting, Bern, the king's falconer, 
envying him, murdered him privately in a wood. Lothbrok's dog 
was observed in a day or two, to come to the King's house, half fam- 
ished, and as soon as fed to be gone again, and being on the King's 
command watched, brought them to the body of bis dead master. 

Bern being found guilty of this murder, was condemned to be put 
into the boat that Lothbrock arrived in^ and committed to the niercy 
of tbe sea, withont provisi&p or tackle. This boat being providentially 
driven on tbe same place it came from, and known, Bern was seised, 

• Tcna Willi, dc ScoJiieS' In ibi teneat. i ccclia xl ac. val. vi. sol. ct 

Kedeham ti;;i. Bretric. T. R. E. ii car. v\\\i, hie caltimpniatr. abbas de Hulmo 

t're. fuo. tenet Ricard. p. man sep. xi i soc. xl ac. t're. et hi testanfr. etadhuc 

bor. tc. ill fer. p. et mo. i to. i car. et calu'pniatr. i bor. et i ac. t're. testim. 

dim. in dn'io. moh i sep i car* et dim* hund. 

ho'um. XX ac. p'ti. tc. val. xf mo. Ix sol. * Spilman's Life or King Alfred. B. 

bt» i leug. in ionff. et iii qr. et dim. i 30, &c.— Spelm. Icenia. p. 156. 
kug. in lat. el de gelto xviif. q'cu'q ; * ' 

VOL. XU , R "^ 

• ■ 

123 It £ E t> H A M. 

and to save himself, declared that Lothbrock, on hts arrival iaf 
England had beeti killed by order of King Edmund, 

Hingar, and Hubba, the £ sons of Loihbroc^ kveeitrittg revenue, 
invaded with £0,000 meti^ Edmunds kingdom of the East'^An^es, 
attended by Bern the traitor^ and by them Edmund was barbarously 
murdered, in the year 870. 

Tlie truth of this tradition may be justly called in <]|uestion, on 
many accounts. It is oot to be credited, that LolhbroCy \n his great 
distress, would have passed by Yarmouth, at the mouth of the river 
Yar, add gone up in search of another port or place, especially as 
Yarmouth Was at that time, and long before, a port, and a place of 
fame in the time of the Britons and Romans. 

Richard f who held this lordship under Scohies at the survey, wat 
probably father of Asketel, and assumed the name of Redham, accord-* 
ing to the custom of that age.* 

Jskttelde Redham was living, as the register of Holm abbey teatt* 
fies, in the lime oi Richard, abbot of Holm, which was hi 1125. 
Osbern de Redham seems to be his son, was lord of Redham HaU^ 
and also held the 5th part of a fee in this town, ici the time of Ansdm 
abbot of jF/o//;i, (about 1150) of the said abbry. 

Stephen, son of Osbern, was lord in the I2th of Henry H. Osbern 
had also a son and heir, Bartholomew de Redham,^hose son Stephen, 
in an assise, brought the SOtb of Henry IIL for the church ofScathow,. 
was then living.^ 

In the 44th of Henry III. Stephen de Redham, sort of Bartholomew, 
manumised certain villains here. 

In the said year, William de Redham and Matthew his son, granted 
Stephen the liberty of hunting in their warren here, and of fishing in 
fVoltuH mead, and catching of birds, with the services of some |>er* 
to As ; and Ralph, parson of the church, granted to Stephen a way 
without the ditch of Stephen's court, between the churchyard, and 
tlie said court, 3 feet broad, from the gate of the said court to the 
east, and from the said court to the west, by the said ' churchyard^ 
such a breadth, that one cart may pass another. 

Williamson of Mat hew de Redham, conveyed by fine rn ther 5£d 
of Henry III. l60 at:res of marsh in Redham, to Lafiglejpxi4jey, 8cc. 

Bartholomew was son of Stephen, and a knight, in theVsth of 
Edward I. had 2 sons. Sir Stephen^ and William^ rector of irstede, 
and heir to his brother. Sir Stephen dying s. p. the inheritauce 
came to (he other branch of the Redhams. 

Sir William de Redham, granted in the lOlli of Edward I. to 

tlie abbot of Holm all his right of fishery, from Weybridge to the 

abbey ;' witnesses^ Sir Thomas Rosceline, and Sir Bartholomew 

Redham; he was sheriff oi Norfolk in the 8lb, 20lh> and £}8t of 

Edward \. 

In the 15th of that King, he claimed free warren, the assise, gal- 
lows, &c. and died in the,£2d of the said King, in tbe time of his 
being sheriff, when fVilliam his son answei^ed for him, and be died in 
the igth of Edwdrd II. 

William hh son and heir, by Jo&n bb i^ife, being aged £6> ba4 

• Regist. Holm. ibl. 15. ♦ Reg. Holm, fol, 87. 

< Krg ioL;i7«— Lib. ^Mb. Srcii. * Reg»fol 116. 

R E E D H A M, , 1«S 

livery of this lordship^ betd of Jeffrey de Say, of the barony of Lems ^ 
in 1327 he presented to the church of Redham, and to Stoke6y, in 
1357. In the 15th of Edward III this lordship was setlled on him 
and Maud his wife for life, remainder on IVilUam and John their 
Bonfl in tail, and died before the year ]SS9« 

ffilUam Pavy of Gissing^ and Maud his wife, late wife of William 
de Jledham, presented, having recovered her right against William 
de Redham, (her son, as I take it,) and the said Afflwd presented also 
in 1355. 

Sir Ifilliam de Redham, son of William Rni Maud his wife, mar- 
ried A/flrgore^, daughter of Sir Robert de Caston, by Joan his wife, 
daughter and heir of Richard Barry, Esq.' lord of Rockland-Tofts, 
by whom he had a daushter and heir Margaret, who married Thomas 
Serncyl Esq. 2d son of John Berney, Esq. of JVitchingham. 

This Thomas bad large possessions in his right, as heir to the 
Jleedhanis, CastonSf &c. with the lordship of thi$ town, and was 
knight; his will is dated on Thursday next afteir the feast of JIU 
Saints, in 1383, and was buried at Reedliam, beini^ proved on Novem* 
ber2\ ; Margery his wife survived, and married John Copledike, Esq. 
aodthey presented to Reedham chmch in 1391.^ 

This family of the Berneys take their name from the town of 
Bernry in the hundred of North Greenhorn in Norfolkj^ wrote in 
Domesday book Berltj. 

The history of the baronetage,^ says '' that the first we find men* 
tioned is Roger de Berney,vfho9e son Kichard de Berttey, by Catherine , 
daughter of Roger Gyney, Esq. had issue Henry de Berney, living ia 
1268."— ^Gyney bore paly of six, or and gules, a chief, ermine. 

I'^hat (he family had an mterest in the town of Bemey, soon after 
the conquest, may in a good measure be proved from tne assuming 
the nanf)e of it, which was the custom and practice at that time, of aU 
who held any lordships, and it is very probable that William, who was 
enfeoffed of the town of Bemey, and held it at the time of the grand 
turvey under Peter Lord Faloiues, the capital lord of it, was ancestor 
of the family, 

I'o confirm this, we find by the register of pinham priory, that 
Ralph the prior gave to Jdam de Bemey, their man, that is, one 
that held lands of them, and bis heirs, 50, and 67 acres in the said 

This Ralph was living in the reign of Henry IL jio. 1174, when 
Yengrin was archdeacon of Norwich, and ^cZam being in this gratit 
styled the prior's man, that title sets forth that he held other lands or 
a manor of that priory, to which' religious hoqsej, the Lord Nahines, 
on bis foundation of it, had granted the manor of Barney, to be held 
f A capitf^ 

Adam de Mota, prior about 1267, confirmed to Henry de. Bemey 
for life, one foldcourse, and another to him and his heirs. 

Henry de Bemey, son of Richard^ as the pedigree says, was father 

of John, by ^his wife, daughter of Sir John de Harsike, which 

John resided much at bis house in Norwich, called Bemey^s-Inn. 
Joan bis wife was daughter of Bartholomew de Witchingham, by whqm 
came the estate in that town,) be had a son John, and a daughter 

• Reg. Homing, p. ii4« » Vol. i. p. 37s. 


R E E D H A M. 

Margaret, married to Peter dc Naunton, flon of Bartholomew de 
Taunton, .. ' 

This John lived at fVitchingham, was one of the bnrgeases For the 
city of Norwich in the gth of Edwurd III. in the 19th of that King 
was a commissioner in an inqaisitiou on a writ of QMod^Damnunif 
concerning the fee of the castle of Norwich. In the foHowing year 
was knight of the shire of Norfolk ; also in the 22d of the said Jxingt 
with Robert Clere, Esq. and were allowed 14/. lOf. for 34 days 
. attendance; he served aUo in parliament in the Slst of that reign^ 
and had allowed for 34 days attendance, 6/. 8s. 

The above John was an eminent lawyer; his will is dated at Nor* 
wich on Thursday f February S3, in the 48ih of Edward III. wherein 
he desires to be buried in the chapel of St. Anne in the church of the 
Holy Triiiity of Norwich, by his late wife Joan^ if the prior and con- 
Tent will grant leave, if not, in the chapel of St. ^1211, built by him 
and annexed to the parish church of Burgh by Apton, by Sarah bis 
Jale wife, and names Catherine his wife, then livinffy Robert and 
Thomas his sons by Sarah^ Alice his daughter, (married to Richard 
Holditch, Esq. of Didlington,) Isabel his daughter, and Agnes de 
Berneyy his aunt ; gives 5/. to repair the cathedral of Norwich; SOs* 
to the prior, to Joseph a monk there. 205. to every modk 2f. 26/« to 
keep his seventh, and^SOlh day after his burial, aijd founded an anni« 
versary on the day of his death, when the monks were to have £0s. 
for a pittance, besides wine; orders five wax tapers of 5 pound 
weight each, and 7 torches, to be ^et by his coffin in the church at 
his bprial.< 

In the 5ih of Edward III. a fine was levied between' this John de 
Beruey and Sarah his wife, querents, Bartholomew Bateman and 
Petronilla his wife, John de Aire, and Arabella his wife, deforcients^ 
of lands in Bergh, Thurton, Sything, and Mendham, part of whicbj^ 
Agnes, widow of Henry de Heylesaon, held for life.' This Sarah hi» 
wife was a daughter of Sir Bartholomew Bateman -^ Catherine, hi? 34 
wife, wns daughter of Peter de Bedingfield. 

J3y the'escheat rolls, in the 48lh of Edward III. he was found to 
hold the manor of Fishley with lands in Wychingham, Newton, Bergh, 
Flotman, and Swenestohrp, a\id he is said not to have been (as the pedi*' 
gree sets forth) the soq oi Henry, hut of Richard de Berney and Alic^ 
his wife. 

Jiohert his son was a knight batchelor of John Duke of Lar^coBterj^ 
and of fVichifigham ; so that we return to Thomas his brother, who 
married Margaret, daughter and heir of Sir William de Redham* 
from whom is the following descent and pedigree. 

' Reg. Heydont 

9 Fin. Norf. L. i. N« iSst iSq* 

K-E B D H A A£. 



Sir Thonai de Bejrwy.y Margtretf daariiUf aadhdr of Sir 
•f Recdham, died WUliain de Redham* 

. / (i J John Beraey» £c<]. -p Itabel, or Elirabeth, dangbter of Sir 

John Heveningham* 

(s) Thomas ficrney, Esq. ^ Elisabeth, daughter of John I | S? I I SF I 

Clipibye, Eiq. of CUpsby. | ( c | | | | 

? o O" 

s*- S^ "2* 5 8 5 

(a) J«bn Bcrncy, Esq. -r Eli»abeth, daughter of Osbert y T^ «*> 5 ? S,* 

' Muodeford, Esq. of Hockford. »^£?a->\ 

S * I • 2*1 


Ifargarety daughter of-— » John Beraeyt Esq. i- Alice, daa|jhter 
Sir Roger Wentworth. (4J 

Richard Southwell, 
£«q. of W«adf uisf. 



•d, Alice, daughter of Robertr-^joha Bcmey, Esq, 
ferror, relict of William (5) 
lydnor, Esq. of Suffolk. 

itt, MargaKt, daoi^htcr of Williaa 

Read of 

16^ Henry Berney, Esq. y AUcc» daughter of Rofef Appldoa of K0)l» Xif. 

/ ^^ i 

(7} Sir Thomas Bemey. -|- Jaliao, dtiigfacer of Sir ThomM Gaady, XaU 


(8) ^d. Sir Richard Becney, Uu 

•wi Anne, daught^ of Michael I . I I 
SmaUpiece, of Chichettcr, 111 




f$} ist* Sir Thomas -t- Sarah, daughter of Capt. Richard Bemey, -*- 

Berncy, Bt« 


Thomaa Tyrill 


Bcn]qriBt*-r Dorothy, daughter of I I | 
William BramhwaU of | | I 
Hechil, Esq. -'^ * 

■ ' daughter 
of Sir Jacob Gcr« 
raid, iu 

^ o^flu 

. r 

Richard Bcnieyi-« 

I j_ 


ait, Sir Richard Bemey, Sir Thomas Bemey, Bt. -1- Elizabeth, daughter of Slam 


Bart, died s. p 

Folkes of Suffolk, 

Sir Hanso9 Bcnicyi«-> ptherine, daughter and heir of Richard Berney^ 
Ban. William Woolball, Esq. of Rr.of Stoketby. 

Y^althaoMtpw ia Euou - 


Bemey bean per pale, azure and guU$f a crofs engrailed, ermine ^ 
the crest a plume of ostriches feathers, ardent, out of a ducal coronet; 
—motto, Uil Temere, Neque Timare. 

(1) John Bemey, Esq. in the dd of Henry VI. held the manor of 
Beedham of fVilliam Sayr bj half a fee, as part of the honour of Lan^ 
caster. His will and testament bears date on Thursday next after the 
feast of Sl Bamabat the Apostle, 1440, and wills to be buried in the 
church of St. John Baptui of Redham, and beseeches my Lord of 
Suffolk, that he make an estate to Philip Bem^ff his son, of tlie manor 
olCasion with the advowson, to him and his heirs, remainder to The* 
nuu Bemey, also to make an estate of the manor of Shipdam, called 
Caston\ to John Bemey his son, remainder io Philip his brother/ 

//en?, he. wills that bis feoffees in the manor of IVichingham SU 
Faith\ called Turtevile\ with the lands in Mykil Wychinzham, 
Boton, Sparham, Svcanington, Attylbri^, Heyuesford, &c. make an 
estate to John Bemey his son ; Philip ms son to have Rirkhall manor 
in Mockland'To/ts for life, remainder to Thomas bis brother. 

The above John names Elizabeth, Margery, Margaret, i^nd /si^r/ 
bis daughters ; Thomas Bemey to have 300 ewes, and 100 weders, in 
the marsh called Fout-Holm; gives 10/. for a legend to Rtdham 
chfirch ; 40s. to the making of Bradesto^ steeple ; proved September 5, 

(2) ThamoM Bemey, Esq. son and heir of Johti, made his testament 
on Thursday before the feast of St. George, 1441, desires to be buried 
against the north door in Reedham church.^ 

JHe appoints Sir John lieveninghavgj Miles Stapleton, Thomas Brews, 
Ralph Gamist, Esq. Sec. feoffees of his manor of Bradeston, with the 
appurtenances in Strumpshagh, the Birlinghams, fVitton, Brundale, 
Btofieldt Sic* with the advpwson of Stokesby, appoints fo^ Elizabeth 
his wife> the 3d part of the m^or of Reedham and Breydeston, in 
^qwer for life. 

He likewise gives each of his daughters, 100 marks ; John his eldeat 
son, aged 18, Philip and John his brothers, named executors. 

To bis wife be gives all his utensils at Redham, and his manor of 
Norton Subcross ior life* 

He orders that if the churches of Redham^ Stokesby, Strumpshaw, 
North 9Lnd South Birlingham, should be empty, during the nonage of 
his heir, his feoffees should present to Redham, Gyles floruing, chap- 
lain ; to Stokes^, Thomas Lawes, chaplain ; to Strufnpsbagh, RA>bert 
Dowe, lute rector of Thurne i ig North Birlingham, nilliam Dean, of 
Blt^ld, chaplain, 8tc. 

John Bemey, Esq, brother of Thomas and son of John, by his wilV 
dated on Monday ne;ct after St. Petronilih^ Virdn, in 1560, requires 
to be buried in the porch on the north part of Kedham church/ 

He gives legacies to find lights before the images of the Blessed 
Virgin Mary, St. Peter, and St Nicholas the Bishop, to each Ss. 4^.;. 
to bt. Joh^ jBaptiU guild 65. ^.; and to the brotherhood of the town, 
ps. Bd,; and one great cypress chest for the safe keeping the oraameats 
of tiie church. 

He settles on John Beri^ey, his nephew, son of Thomas his brother^^ 

* Rfgist. pol^e. p. it.6. I Reg. Stacton, p^ ^ 

• Reg. Dake, p* i^j, i^j^ 

R E £ D H A M. l£t 

kts manor of Ca$ton, with that of Shipdam, and that of TurteriU*i in 
tVickingham Parva, orders the said john and his executors, to main- 
tain a chaplain after his decease, to pray for his soul, and the sou Is' of 
John Berney his father and Itabel his mother, in the eharch. of Red* 
ham, for four years, with a oompetent salary, fof the said chaplain ; 
proved in 1461. 

Philip Berney, Esq* the eldest brother, by his testament,* dated oa 
Wednesday next after the feast of Pentecost, 1453, wills to be buriei 
io the chnrch of Redham, and sives to John his brother, the manors 
of Caston, and Shipdam ; to Margaret Naunton his sister, a cup, and 
to fVilliam Naunton her son, a legacy ; proved August 6, 1453. 

(3) John BcrTiey, Esiuof Btedham,^\ed in the 13th oi Edward IV. 
and in that year John Fortescue and William Callow, had the custody 
of his lands, and also his heir. 

This John married (as I take it) Elizabeth, daughter of Osbert Mun>^ 
deford, but in 1475, Richard Southwell was guardian of John Berney^ 
a minor, heir of John Berney, Esq. of Redham* 

(4) On an inquisition taken at Norwieh, November 1, Ao^ dSth of 
Henry VIII. John Berney, Esq. was found to die on the 27th of Oc^ 
tober past, seised of the manor and advowson of Redliam, held of Sir 
William Say^ the manor and advowson of Stokesby, held of Catherine 
Queen of England, in fee farm, as of the honour of Clare, Norton 
Sabcross manor, held of the manor of Loddon, Caston Hall in Ship* 
dam, held of the manor of Saham, and Caston Hall manor in Caston, 
with Barry's manor in Rockland Tofts, Bradeston manor held of the 
manor of Btofield, Turtevile^s manor in Wychinham Parva, held of 
Casileacre manor, Bradeston manor and advowson, with the chapel 
of St. Clement, North and South Birlingham manors, with the manor 
and advowson of Strumpshagh, held of the manor of Blqfield. 

He had by Margaret, daughter of Sir Roger Wentworth of EsseXp 
John his son and heir aged 18. 

This Margaret was his £d wife, Alice, daughter of Richard South* 
Will, Esq. being the first. 

Margaret was living in 1532, and presented to the church of 

(5) John Berney, Esq. by his will, dated July 22, 1553,' desires to 
be buried at Redham, in the chapel where his ancestors are buried; 
by Margaret his first wife, he left a son Henr^^ and seveiral daughters ; 
Mary, Thomatine, Elizabeth, Ursula, ,ixnA Ela. 

Thomasine married Thomas Osborn, Esq. oF Kirby Bedon in Nor* 

folk ; — — — married Si/dnor of Blwideston in Suff^olk, 

£gq. ^ married Cuddon of Shadingjield in Suffolk, 

Esq. and Mary to Robert Jenney of Her/ingjleet, Esq. 

His 2d wife was Alice, daughter of Robert Ferrer, Esq. relict of . 
William Sydnor, Esq. and married to John in 1552, whom he appoints 
bis executrix; his will was proved May 1, 1358. 

(6) Henry Berney, Esq. married Alice, daughter of Roger Apple* 
ton of Dariford in Kent, Esq. and Agues his wife, daughter of Walter 
Clark of lladley in Sujffolk, Esq. and heir to her brother Edward; in 
the reign of Philip and Mary, he removed the old family seat near 
Medham church, into Redham park, where he built a magnificent seat, 

* Reg. Aleyn, fol, S57. * Rfgist. Sfrvis. p. 54. 

IflS It £ E D H A M. . 

'fet sUtodtog, called Park'^U, with lar^ gardens, &c. in 1557, and 
died in 1M4» leaving several tons and daoghiers ; Tkamas, bis son 
and heir, Henry ^ Jonn, Edward^ and Richard. 

jilice, one of hia daaghters, married to Thomoi Guybon, Esq. of 
Jjunn ; Mdrgarei, to iMord Paston, Esq. of JppUiom ia Noffolk, 
3Sary,iO' Ebtoffi 

jfliee his wife survived biaii and erected a handsome marble altar 
iBonvment over bim in the chapel, on the south side of the chancel 
of the charch, with both their effigies thereon, their sons behind him, 
and doBghlers behind her, sod this distich s 

Hune tufmdum Conjuxposuit <m€Cia Mariio, 
Quemq ; Viro posuit, destinat ip^a Sibi. 

On it ture the arms of Berney, quartering Redham, g^^9 & chevron 
engrailed, between three reed sheafs, or, in the 2d quarter ; in the Sd, 
Caston, gukSj a chevron between three eagles displayed, argent, and 
Jiemey in the 4th quarter, impaling JppUton, argent, a fess engrailed, 
sable, between^three apples, leaved proper, and • - - - quarterly. 

(7) Sir Thomas Berney married Julian, daughter of Sir T^omai 
Gawdy of Redenhale in Norfolk, one of the justices of the Cofhmon 

^ Pleas, was high sheriflf of Norfolk ia the reign of King James T.^ 
This Sir I^omas left 4 sons ; fint,*fVilliamf who married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Sir Edward Coke, lord chief justice of England, and died %d, John, died s. p. 3d, Richard ; 4th, Thomas, who was sheriff 
pt Norfolk Ao. 22d of Charles I. and ancestor of the family of Srnr* 
detton in Norfolk. 

(8) Sir Richard Berney, 8d son of Sir Thomas, and heir, was created 
baronet on May 5, Jo. \B of James I. high sheriff of Norfolk in the 
fiOth of that King, and died in 1668. 

Sir Thomas Was his eldest son, but he left to Richard Berney his 2d 
son, his seat and estate at Redham, with about 7000/. per ann. Sir 
Thomas being disinherited on some pique and resentment. 

Richard married , daughter of Sir Jacob Garrard, Bart, of 

Lanford in Notfolk, by whom he had Richard, his son and heir, and 
served the office of high sheriff*, in the 14th of Charles IT. 

He was also high sheriff in the 4th year of tVilliam 11 1. and died 
t. p. having sold the family seat at Redham, and spent very near his 
whole estate. His manors of Redham, Norton Subcross, Caston, Ship' 
dam% Kirkhall in Rockland, Saham, Leny, the Birlinghams Strut^h 
shagh, Bradeston, Frethorp, lAmpenhaw cum Southwaod, 8cc. being 
told to pay* his debts. 

The 3d son of Richard, was John Berney of Westwick, Esq. who 
married Susan, daughter of John Staines, Gent, and left 2 sons, John 
and Richard. John the eldest, married first, Bridget, daughter of 
WiUiam Branthwait of Hethill, Esq. and had « daughters ; JulioHf 
married to Thomas Brograve of Herefordsliire, Esq. and Elizabeth. 

His 2d wife was, ^ , daughter of Maurice Kendal of North 

Walshamj Esq. and left no issue. 

The 2d son of John, was Richard Berney, Esq. recorder of Nor* 
wick, and bnrgess of that city, in the two last parliaments of Queen 
'^nne, and married Mary daughter of Jugnstine Briggs of Norwieh, 
Esq. leaving one daughter, Hizabeth, married to I'homas Brampston 
of Loreens in Essex, Esq. and knight of that shire in parliament. 

(9) Sir Thomas Berney, Bart, to whom Sir Richard his father gave 

R E ED HA M. 1«9 

bat a slender fortune, (thoagh since much improved,) married Sarah, 
daaghter of Captain Thomas Tyrell of Essex j governor of Languard 
Fort in King Charles the Second's reign, by whom he had first 
Richard, 2nd, Thomas, 3d, JoA;i Berney of fVesenham, Esq. who 
married Philippa, daughter of Sir Thomas Brown of Elsin^y and left 
Thomas Berney of Lynn Regis, recorder of that town. He married 
Julian, daughter o^Sir Richard Berney, Bart, and had 2 sons, Tho- 
mas and Richard. — William Betney, rector of fVestwick, was the 4th 
son, who by Mary, daughter of Henry Harcock, Gent, had one son, 
William, rector of Newton Fhtman, and Fretenham in Norfolk, 
who married Dorothy, daughter of Sir Richard aforesaid, ancl has 
several sons. 

(10) Sit Richard Berney^ Baronet, eldest son of Sir Thomas, by 
Dorothy his wife, had 6 sons, and 6 daughters. 

First, Richard; 2d, Thomas,; William; Robert ^ Henry y find John, 
who is D.D. rector of Hethersete, and archdeacon of Norj6\k. Julian 
his daughter, and Dorothy married above ; Frances and Satah died 
single, and Elizabeth is still living unmarried. Sir Riclmrd died 
May — , 1706; he lived and had a seat at Kirhy Bedon in Norfolk. 

(11) Sir Richard Berney, Bart, son and heir of Sir Richard, died 
single, and was succeeded by his brother. Sir Thomas who, by Eliza- 
beth his wife, daughter and heir of Simon Folkes, Esq. of Suffolk, 
and Elizabeth Hanson his wife, had a considerable estate in Barba* 
does, and 2.s6ns, Sir Hanson Btmey, Bart, and Richard, rector of 
Stokesby in Norfolk. 

Sir Hanson married in Jpril, \7!>6, Catherine, daughter and heir 
of William Woolball, of Walthamstow in Essex, Esq. and was high 
sherifFof Norfolk in 1762, 

Sir Thomas died jipril 12, 1742, and was buried in the chapel or 
domiitory of Kirby Bedon church, aged 5S, and quartered (as by his 
arms there) Reedham, Caston, 8ic. 

Also Fowks in an escotheon of pretence, per pale, gules and vert, 
a de-lis^ ermine quartering argent, three mascles, azure, on a chief 
of the same, three lioncels rampant, of the first, iia/ixon, crest, a 
plume of ostrich feathers out of a ducal coronet, motto. Nil Teniere, 
Neq; Timore. • 

This lordship, on the sale of the estate of Richard Berney, Esq. 
came to Sir James Edwards of London, about 1700, and after to -Sir 
Lambert Blackwell, Bart, whose heirs were lords, and had the patron- 

S;e of the church in 1720; in 1727,Sir JoAn Eyles, Bart. Sir Thomas 
ross, Bart. &c. presented. 
The abbey of St. Bennet of Holm had a lordship here, (of the gift 

trobably of King Canute,) with one carucate of land, 2 villains, and 5 
orderers, one carucate in demean^ and one of the tenants, with 20 
acres of meadow, 6 cows, 6 swine, 20 sheep, and a socman had 3 

acres^ valued then at lOs. but at the survey at 20s. ^This with Ba^/- 

wrick was half a leuca long, and half a one broad, paid l6rf. ^elt, the 
abbot.had the soc at Redeham of those who folded their cattle in his 
field, but the soc of the otheris were in the hundred. 

The family of De Redeham was early enfeoffed of this lordship^ and 
held it of the abbot of Ho/m."^ 

« Reg. Hol0| foU (.-^Lib. Rub. S'ccu. 
▼OL. XX. S 

I • 


Osbem de Redham had the 5th part of a fee in this towD of tbe 
abbot about 1150, and Stephen de Jiedkam held tbe same of the old 
feoffment, in the 12th of Henry IT. 

TbomaSf abbot of Holm, granted lands to Sir Stephen, son of Osbem 
de Redham, here and in Scot how. 

In the 1 ith of Edward I. Sir Bartholomew de Redham granted and 
agreed with Nicholas, then abbot, that if he could recover the manor 
of Ingham fro^n John de Ingham ; be would peribrm the service due 
to the abbot, for the same ;^ and in the 16th of that King, ElizaSeiht 
late wife of Oliver de Ingham, had a lordship^ and claimed view of 
free warren, assise, a gallows^ &c. and her dower. 

John Atte Croos, escheator, in his account, after the death of ff^il" 
Ham Methelwold, abbot, who died about 1395/ and before the pro- 
motion of Robert de Sea. Fide, (St. Faith%) and after his death, 
before that Simon de Brigham, accounts nothing for this lordship, as 
being at that time represented to be nothing worth. 

On an exchange of lands between King Henry VIII. and Bishop 
Rugg, this manor came to the see of Norwich^ and was leased by Bi- 
shop Ifopton, to John Berney, Esq. at 6/. 13x. 4d. per ann. 

Ihe King had in this town at the survey, 3 socmen, who possessed 
40 acres of land, with 7 borderers, and 6 acres of nieadow, and there 
were under them 6 socmen, with 20 acres of land, and among them 
all a carucate. 

These socmen belonged (as I take it) to Earl. Guer^, King Harolds 
brother, and on his death, at the battle of Hastings, was seised by tbe 

This seems to have been granted by the Crown, to the Lord MUe- 

r In the 20tli of Henry III. Robert Pye was found to hold part oF a 
quarter of a fee of the manor of Mileham, demised to several tenants. 

In the Sd of Edward I. Bartholomew de Wotton claimed view of 
frank pledge, the assise of bis tenants in Redham, in the presence of 
the King's bailiff of the hundred. 

In the^2d of th<»t King, Walter Pye had an interest herein. The 
said Walter, in the 5th of Edward IL conveyed by fine several mes- 
suages, and lands in Redham, Lympenhoe, i\ethorp and Southwood, 
to William de Carleton and Alice his wife, who settled tliem on 
Walter. . ■ ' . 

In the gth of that King, Robert de Barsham and Margaret his wife, 
granted several lands, and rents, with a mill in^ this town, Lympen- 
noe, &c. sold to Sir Jeffrey Wythe, and Isabell his wife, and held after 
bv Sir William Wythe and Isabel his wife, and held after by Sir Oliver 

John Stymward's heirs in the reign of Henry IV. are said to have 
a quarter of a fee in this town, Lympenhoe, and Southwood^ of the Earl 
of Arundets manor of Mileham, who held it in capite. 

In the 5th of Henry VI. a fine was levied between Henry Inglose 
and Anne his wife querents, AUce, tbe widow of Sir John Jenney de- 
forcient, of the manor of Withes in thi^ town, and that of Lounde in 
Suffolk, settled on Anne, who granted it to Alice for life. 

Robert Wichingham of Fishley, Esq. died seised of the manor of 

' Reg. Holm. fol. lay. ■ Rtg. Holm. fol. 30. 

R E E D H A M. 131 

Pftrk'katt in this lowDt and of Fishiey, in the £9th of Henry VI. and 
John was found to be his son and heir^ aged 7 years. 

In the 6th of Henry VII. Sir William CaUkorp and Elizabeth his 
wife, on July ^6, settled the manor of tVyth's here, on their feoffees, 
for Francis Calthorp their son, and Elitabeth his wife, daughter of 
Sir John Wyndham. 

John fVychingham, Esq. died March QS, in the fiOth of HenryVll. 
lord, when it is said to be held by fealty of John Berne's manor of 
Redham, Sir Thomas Windham, in the 11th of Hefiiy Vlil. conveyed 
a moiety of Park- Hall, to Elizabeth Yaxley, &c. 

Christopher Coot and Elitabeth his wife, bad an interest herein in 
the 33d of Hgitry VIII. 

After this, the whole came to the Bemeys ; and Henry Berney, Esc^. 
was lord in the rei^n of Philip and Mary, and so was united to his 
manor of Redham, 

The tenths were 4/. 55. Deducted 5s. 

The Cnr RCH is a rectory, dedicated to John Baptist, formerly va- 
ined at 30 marks, paid Peter-pence \9d. Carvage 4(/. A portion of 
tithe belonged to St. Bennefs abbey. 

The present valor is i8/. and pays first-fruits, &c. 


In ]327> Olvoer de Redham was instituted, presented by William 
de Redham, 

1339, Mr. Richard de Lynge, by William Pavy of Gissihg, and 
Maud de Redham his wife, who recovered it against William deRed'* 

1355, Mr. John de Redham, by Maud, late wife of William de 

lS9\y William Baas, hy John Copledike and Margaret his wife, late 
wife of Sir Thomas Berney. 

1440, John Lee occurs rector, and executor then of John Berney, 

Mr. John Smith, LL. Incep. 

1460, John Hardy fish, hj John Berney, Esq. Thomas Brews, &c. 

1475, Robert Lyster, by Richard Southwell, guardian of John Ber^ 
ney a minor, heir of John Berney of Redham, deceased. 

1504, Richard Chitde, by John Berney, Esq. 

1513, William Palfreyman. Ditto. 
William Carton, rector. 

1530, John Cooper^ by Richard Southwell, 8tc. feoCFees of Redham 
manor^ to the use and last will of John Berney lately deceased. 
William Ugge, occurs rector in 1647. ' , ' 

1556, John Berney, by John Berney, Esq. 
Robert Berney, rector. 

1569, Richard Fortune, by Henry Berney, Esq. 

1575, Ralph Smith. Ditto. 

16 14, Laurence Sargenson, rector, 

1619, John Philips, be died 1668. 

132 UPTON- 

John Goose, died rector in 1720, and Charles Leaver was pre« 
seiite<J by Sir Samuel Blackwell, 

Thomas GircUer, D.D. rector in 17£7> on. the death of Mr. 
Charles Leaver, by Sir John Eyles, Sir Thomas Cross, baronets, &c. 

1739. George Dodeswell, by Cartret Leaths, Esq. 

1766, Moses White, presented by Carteret Leaths, Esq. 

In the 24th of Henry III. Robert de Stokesby released to the abbot 
of Langley S5 acres of marsh here. 

In 1360, William de Burgh, parson of Cantley, William de Fel'^ 
' mingham, &c. gave to the prior of the Holy Trinity of Ipswich, 140 
acres of marsh here and in Mouton, held of the Bishop of Norwich, 
by 6d. per ann. 

In the chapel, on the south side of the chancel, is buried Henry 
JBemey, Esq. and yllice his wife, as abovementioned. 

Mere also under a gravestone lies buried John Berney, Esq. with 
bis 2 wives, Alice, daughter of Southwell, and Margaret, daughter of 
Wentworth, with their arms. 

Southwell, argent, three cinquefoils, gules. — Wentworth, sable, a 
chevron, between three leopards faces, or. 

Also John Berney, Esq. and his 2 wives. Read, and Sydnor ofBlun^ 
deston in Suffolk. 

Read bore azure, on a bend wavy, or, three heathcocks, sable, in a 
bordure of the same, bezanty, and Sydnor. — Azure, on a cross en- 
grailed, five de-lis. 

Under another gravestone lie John Berney, Esq. and Isabel, daugh- 
ter of Heveningham, with their arms, also on a brass plate. Heven'- 
ingham bore quarterly, or, and gules, in .a border engrailed, sable, 8 
escallops, argent. 

In tne windows are the arms of Mortimer, of Attleburgh, oF 'Sor^ 
wich, per pale, argent and gules, a lion rampant^ Mautby* Calthorp, 
Yelverton, impaling Berney, and sable, a less dauncy, or, between three 
horses heads, gules. 

1 he arms of other families before mentioned. 

Taunton, sable, three mullets, argent. Oshorn, argent, on a bend, 
sable, two hounds sable, three dolphins or. Cuddon, argent, a chevron 
. between three crescents, gules, on a chief, azure, three bezants. Tyre/l, 
argent, two chevronels, azure, in a bordure engrailed^ gules. 

On the tith jear of Edward IV . Margery Paston, widow, gave Ss. 4rf. 
to the building of Reedham steeple 


1 WBNTT-six socmen held a carucate and an half of land, 33acref 
of meadow, and 3 caruca^tes ; the town was one leuca long and one 
broad, and paid 2s. gelt. The King and the Carl had the soc and 
aac over all their socmen, except seven, who had the soc under their 
protection or commendation , and in this toivn of Vpton and that.of 

^ P T O N- 135 

thikyf iher^ were 25 soemen, with 60 acres oFland and 18 of mea* 
dowy always half a carucate. In Opton was a socman with 12 acres/ 
valued at 28. and the soc of these belonged to the hundred.^ 

This lordship with Fishley, and Souths fValskam, was in the Con- 
Queror's hands, and Godric Wis steward took care of it for the king at 
the survey ; of this and Fishtey, Ralph the old Eail had been deprived^ 
and by the Crown it was granted to the family of Le BoteUn 

[n ihe reign of Henry 11. it was sejsed by the King as an escheat^ 
Andrew Le Boteler refusing to perform the services due to the King, 
when it was granted tu Ralph de Glantile, valued at 10/. who^gave it 

to Reyner de * •, ana he enfeoffed fiicholas' Le Boteler of it, 

with his sister in frank marriage. 

On the death of Nicholas Le Boteler^ s. p, who is said to have held 
it of Hugh de Juberville, it came to Jdam de Brancaster, and fTi/- 
liam de Sy. Clert\^ but fViiliam, son of Reyner de IVytheUshvm, and 
Beatrix his wife, hdd it during the life of the said Beatrix, widow of 
the aforesaid Nicholas ; and they in the first year of Edward I. coq- 
▼ey by fine to Guy de Botetourt, their interest herein, with lands, 
lents, &c. in Fishley, South fValsham, &c. 

In the 14th of that King, Felitia, widow of fVilliam de St. Clere, 
who had sold his part or moiety to William de Heijeningham, claimed 
an interest therein ; but the whole appears soon after to be vested in' 
the Boietourts. 

In the SOth of the said reign, Sir Guy de Botetourt bad a grant of 
a market and a fair here: and before this, in the 15ih, claimed view 
of frank pledge, assise, weyf, &c, 

.fohn Le ffotetourt his descendant leaving an only daughter Jocosa, 
broaght it by her marriage to Sir Hugh BurneU who possessed it in the 
fid oi King Henry IV. as in Cantly, Uphall manpr in Blofidd huhdred. 

After this, it was in the Wichingham famHy, Nicholas fVichingham, 
Esq. of Wichingham, died lord of it in the ]£th of Henry Vi. ^nd 
left it to Edmund his son, by his 2d wife. 

Edmund married Alice, daughter and heir of John Fastolf, hy 
whom he had 4 daughters and coheirs ; Amy, the eldest, married 
Richard Southwell, Esq. of Wood-Rising, and of Upton in her right; 
and Sir Robert Southwell was lord in the 6th of Henry VIII. when it 
was found to be held of the Countess of Suffolk, as of her manor of 
Benhale in Suffolk, valued at \6l. per ann. 

After this it was in the Crown. The Lady Ann of Cleves had it^ 
and after that Charles Brandon Duke of Suffolk. 

On the 5(h of May, in the ::)7th of Henry Vtll. it was granted to 
Sir Richard Southwell, Knt. with the manor of Wendling, Cardeston, 
&c who conveyed it to that king in the following year ; and the said 
King, on December 1 1, in the same year, settled it on the dean, 8cc, 
of Christ Church in Oxford, where ii still continues. 

Godric the Conqueror's steward had in his own right lands here 
and in South- Walsham, as may be there seen. 

' Terra Regis qua' Godric servat. intr. has duas Fiscele ct Optune xxv 

In Uptune xxvi sue. i car t'ne ec dim. soc. 1x ac* t're. et xiii ac. p'ti. sep. dim. 

ti XXXV ac. p'ti sep iii car ht i leug. car. in Optune i soq. xii ac. val. ii sol. > 

in long, et i in lat. et i de geltp. ii sol. de istis e* soui in hund. 

ho's om'es habuit Rex. et comes soca, . ' Lib. KuD. Sc'cij, Testat de NevilU 

«t p'ti. vii quos he. com'd in soca' et 

134 U P T O N. < 

The abbot of St. Bennet had also 5 acres of land valued mih their 
xnauor in South •Walsham, 

Ths tenlbs were 4/. 13s. \\d. — Deducted ISs. 11 J. 

The Church was a rectory, dedicated to St. Margaret, va\ned 
at 25 marks, and was granted (as I take it) by Ralph deGlanvile, Iprd 
chief justice of England, to the priory of Bullej/ in Sajfolk, (who was 
the founder of it) about 1171* and was confirmed by John de Grey, 
bishop of Norwich, &c. William de Raleigh, bishops and others. 

On the appropriation, a vicarage was settled, valued at 10 marks ; 
the vicar had a pension of 30s. per ann. payfibie by the priori &c« 
Peter-pence l6rf. Carvage Sd. 

William de AubervilU claimed an interest in the patronage of the 
vicarage; he married Maud, cldt^st of the 3 daughters and cdhers of 
Ralph de Glfinvile, but conevyed the 3d part of this advowson^ that 
of Somerton and Chatgrave, by fine to the prior** 



Thomas de Wyihon, vicar^ presented by the prior, &c« of ButtUy. 
1304^ Roger de Jakesle instituted, presented by the prior. 

John de Wesenham, vicar •. 

\SS\, Robert de AifUsham. Ditto. 
1333, John Reighnalds. 
1347, fVilliam de Letton. 
1349, Peter Brome. 
1361, John Smalewood. 
1383, Ralph de Sy thing. 

Thomas Smith, vicar. 

1417, William Han et, alias Spalding 

1418, William Blylh. 

Thomas Gressemer was the last vicar, preseijted in 1512, hj 
the prior, 8cc. 

Thomas Di/exton vicar, about l600. 

17 — , Henry Ntlson died in 1723 vicar. 

1723, William Mackay, by the Bishop oi Ely 

175Q., Thomas Dodd. Ditto. 

The manor and impropriate rectory was in the Lady Anne of Ckves 
after the Dissolution, next in Charles Brandon Duke of Suff^olk, and 
the manor being granted to the dean, 8lc. of Christ Church, the rec- 
tory remained in the Crown, with the patronage of the vicarage, till 
granted by Queen Elizabeth to the see of Ely, on her taking naany 
lordships,. &c. from it. 

The Bishop of Ely is the present patron and impropriator, and the 
vicarage now valued at 51. and dischargefd 

William Wynne of Upton, by his will in 1505, was buried in the 
middle ally, and I will have a gravestone the price of 268. bd; to the 
stonynge of the church '20' marks, if need be, more; to St. Peter^s 
gild 65. Sd.' 

The temporalities of Beeston priory were valued at %0s, of Wey^ 
bridge at QOd. Richard Fulmerston, Esq. had a grant of lands hert 
belonging to it, March 10, Jo. 39 Henry VIII. ^ 

* Reg. prior, de Buttle » fol. 52. ' ^ Reg. Riz, p. a^i* 

[ 133] 


A. SOCMAN (of Guert^ as I take it) held here a oarucate of land^ and 
five borderers, with 4 acres and a carucate of meadow, it was 6 fur- 
longs long, and 5 broad; and paid \0d. ob. gelt, and (wodric t(iok care 
of it for the Conqueror, who had then the soc, but Earl liaLpk then 
forfeited it on his rebellion. ^ 

Another socmkn had aUio 60 acres of land^ 2 carucates and 4 acres 
of meadow, but the soc belonged to the hundred; these socmen, with 
others in Moiitbn, Htmliiigton^ Bastwick, Ramlworih, Pansford^ South 
fVahkam, 8cc. in other hundreds^ paid 8/. quitrent, and iOOs. to tiielr 
customary or yearly doe in tale, also 20s. for an income. 

Of all- these who belonged to the Earl's fold, the Earl had the soc 
and sac, but of the other the King and the Earl had the soc and sac.^ 
This lordship was granted (as in Jlc/t, &c.) to the Bigots Earls of 
Norfolk,Hnd was held of them by the ancient family of Der Gerhridge, 
who took their name from the bridge at Yarmouth over the Yar or 
Ger, and Jer; and seems to have had an interest herein in the reign 
of King John. 

fViliiam de Jerbridge was living in the 24lh of Henri/ III. and pur- 
chased 14s. rent in Yarmouth, of Imbel dt Castre^ by fine. 

William de Cotton and dementia his wife, as trustees, settled on Sir 
William de Gerberge of Wickhampton, and Joan his wife, 7 messuages, 
a mill, 2 carucates of land, — of meadow, 300 of marsh, with 50s. rent 
in this town, Tunstal, Halvergattf Mouton, Sec. with the advowson of 
Wickhampton church, for their lives and in tail. 

In the 9th year of Edward IT. Sir Edward Gerbridge was found in 
the 20lh of Edward III. to hold the 3d part of a fee. Ralph Gerbridge 
and Alianore his wife, settled it on themselves and in tuil, by fine^ 
levied in the 40th of Edward ILL 

In 1397, Edward Gerbrygge was lord, and presented to this church. 
This £(/«pard. left by Cecilia his wife, a daughter nnd sole heir Elizab. 
a minor; and King Richard 11. on his deatb, seised on this lordship, 
and granted it to Thomas Grace, and John de Alderford;^ hut on the 
application of Sir Thomas Erpingham, Sir John li kite, &c. who were 
trustees for it, it was recovered jby them in the first year Of King Henry 
IV. as appears by a pleading in Trinity term in the said year. 

Johii Bray and Elizabeth his wife, held it ia the 13th of flenr^Vl. 
' and then sold 2O0 acres of marsh in Castre,.io Sir Thomas Fastolf. 


^ Terra Regis qua' Godric servat. et ht. ii car. iiii ac. p'ti. et '^f't soca in 
—In Wicha'tuna i soc. i car. f're. et handred. et isti om's. cum alijs qui Mi't, 
▼ bord. et iiii ac. p'ti. sep. i car. et ht. in alio hand. redd, viii lib. blancaset c. 
vi quar. in long, et v in lato, et de gelto« sol. de cunsuet. ad numier. et xx soi. de 
zd. et oboK Rex. ht. soca' et R. quando gersania. sup. ofn's. istos q'ui faida' Co- 
se forisfecit. mkis requiretxint, habeb?.t Comes*" soca*. 

In Wicha'tuna i soc. de Ixi ac, t'rct et saca'« sup. alios om's Rex ec Comes. 



This Elizabeth was heir (as I take it) of Edward Gerbridge and Cr* 
cilia his wife beforementioned. 

The said Elizabeth, widow of John Bray of Norwich^ hy her will, 
dated June \, 1473» and proved in October following, bequeaths her 
manor of Mount, called Mill-hill, 8lc. in Wickhampton, Halvergate, 
Twistal, Mouton, Frethorp, Uptons 8cc. ' with the advowson of the 
churchy to John her son ; Robert Grys, Gent, and William Sweteman, 
clerks her executors. 

John her son did not long survive her. 

In ]486y Robert Clere of Stokesbtf, Esq. and Elizabeth his wife, pre- 
sented, but by what right or title does not appear. 

In 1505, John Br,eton, Esq. presented to this church as lord and 

I)atrony grandson of John Breton, Esq. of Wichingham^ bj Margaret 
lis wife, sister of Eddcard Gerbridge, Esq. 

In 1593, John Dayhes presented, from him it came to the Berneys 
of Reedham, ^uA, Richard Berney, Esq. was lord and patron in 16 ig. 
In this family it remained, till it was mortgaged by Richard Ber* 
ney, to Michael and James Edwards, Esq. who presented in 1 697 ; and 
CD the sale of this manor, Sir James Edwards was lord and patron hi 
1710, and afterwards Sir Lambert Blackwell, Bart, and his heirs in 

The Church is a rectory, dedicated to St. Andrew. The ancient 
valor was six marks, Pe^er-pence 12/f. Carvage 9id. ob. and Che rec- 
tor of Halvergate had a portion of tithe valued at 8i. 8fi(« 

The present valor is 4/. and is discharged. 


In 1315, Robert de Lincoln instituted, presented by Sir ffilliam 
Gerbrygg, Knt. 

1349, John de Woterton, by Sir Edward Gerbrygge. 

1354, Richard de Barsham. Ditto. 

1357, Robert Pope. Ditto. 

1368, Robert Snell, by Ralph Gerbrygge. 

1384, William Beckford,hy Alianorede Gerbrygge^ Lady de Wich- 

1385, Thomai Verdon. Ditto. 

1397, John Major, by Edward Gerbrygge. 

1401, John Scammelly, by the King. 

1412, John Navesby, by Sir Thomas Erpingham. 

1419, John Waller. Ditto. 

1423, Laurence Stevene, by John Bray, Esq. . 

1428, Nicholas Man. Ditto. 

1434, Thomas Eplesden. Ditto. 

1436, Thomas Skerniug. Ditto. 

1443, William Barbour. Ditto. 

14469 John Byskele, by Elizabeth, relict of John Bray. 

^ Regist. Gelour. Norw. fol. 35. buried in the Friers Austin's church at 

* Eleanor, relict of Sir William Ger- Yannouth.— Reg, Harsyke, foU 71. 
brygge, by her will^ dated 1386, was 


14i7« IVilUam Dalby, by Elizabeth, relict of Jokn Bray. 
1448, John NichoL Ditto. 
144M, Philip Cation. Ditto. 
l4dS, Godfrey Dodd. Ditto. 
14o9> William Jullys, by the Bishop, a lapse. 
I 4h6, Thomas Goodknape by Robert Ckre, of Stokesby, and EKx. 
his wife. 

1505, Robert Grason, by TAomas Breton, Esq. 

1523, 7oA« Crockhiil. Ditto. 

I.'i24, John Hindringham. Ditto. 

1529, Andrew Jndersot^ by the assignees of TAomos Breton. 

1540, William Frankish, by Jo/i/i Breton^ Gent. 

1641, Thomas Kbbes, by Thomas Breton, Gent. 

1545, TAomiij Mailing ditto, he had been prior of Castleacre, as I 
take it. 

1561, Walter Jenkinson, hy Hen. Breton, Qent. 

1593, JoAra 7%o/?if»ioii, by JoAii Daynes. 

1595, Simon Thaxler, by the assignees of Daynes. 

I6l9> W'i/liam Keeti, by Richard Berneyy £sq. 

1639* Jeffrey Love, by Sir Richard Betmy, Bart. 

1651, Thomas Essex, by Martyn Founteyn. 

1(:5<), Robert Cromhay, by Sir Richard Bemetf. 

1670, WiZ/wm Broo*. D/7/o. 

1675, James Richer, by Richard BerHey, Esq. 

1683, O/irer &. JoAw. Di«o. 

Ifi84, IfoAfr/ To/Aof. Dif/o. 

1692, Charles Chapman, by Richard Bemey, Esq. 

1^97, t/oAn Jnderson, by Michael and James Edwards* 

1731, Thomas Goddard, by the English mercbanis of the fishery^ 

In the charch was St. Andrew'% guild and lights, and, the lights of 
St. Mary, and the Holy Cross. 

In the east window of the ehancel were the arms of Gerbrigge. 
Ermin, on a chief, gules, five lozenges of the first, surmounted by a 
bartilet, sable: also of Breton of Wichmgham, and of Hetherset. 

On the north sifle of the chancel, an altar tomb, with the effigies 
of Sir William Gerbrygge, with his shield of arms obscure by length 
of time. 

Also another, probably for his wife, the arms also obscure. 

In the church of Bramptor^ in Nor/olk, is a gravestone in memory 
of Robert Breton, Esq. who died in 1479i he married Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of Thomas Brampton. On this stone are the arms of Breton im* 
paling Brampton, also Breton impaling Gerbrigge as above, and 
Breton imp<thng Braif, argent, a chevron between three eagles claws 
or legs, erased^ sable, the arms of Bray, lord of this town. 

VOL. xu 

[138 J 


A FREBMAN of Guert, (brother of King Harold) heU in the leigd 
of the Con^e«sory a carucate of land^ with 3 borderers, half a camcate 
and 20 acres of meadoWj &c. the moiety of a aaltwork, and 17 socmen 
bad a carucate of land, a paruqate and half, with \2 acres of meadoWi 
and there was a frepoian in the same town who h^d SO acres of land, 
and £ borderers ; and the said freeman and his men or tenants, had a 
carucate and a half, with 8 acres of meadow ; six socmen also of hb 
held 6 acres of land, and three of meadow ; there was then a caracaie^ 
but at the survey half a carucate of meadow. 

There were here besides eleven socmen^ with 16 acres ojFlandj tof 
meadow with one carucate/ 

On the conquest, the King seised on this, and Gpdric at the sar* 
vey was his steward. 

E/fkt a freewoman, was deprived at the Conqoest of her lordship 
here, consisting of 4 carucates of landj 4 villains and 18 borfleffrs, 
&c. 2 servi, 2 carucales in demean, 4 afOOQg the tenants, and 40 acies 
of meadow, &c. 2 cows^ and 20 sheep, and £2 socmen who had 80 
acres of land, 5 carucates, and 10 acres of meadow, Codric took care 
of this also for the Conqueror, who was )ord at the survey. ' 

Godric held bj the grant of the Conqueror here and in Upton^ 50 
acres of land, a carucate and 10 acres of meadow, of which Ralph 
Earl of Horfolk was deprived, valued at 10s. but at the survey at 21'* 
and belonged to the King's soc, and 3 freefnen possessed it iq Kine 
Edward's reign. Godric had also in his own right, a carucate of lana, 
and 3 borderers, with half a carucate, and 20 acres of meadow, pau* 
nage for 7 swine, the moiety of a salt^wor^ ^^ which a free DefBOO, 
the wife of Tori, held of Gueri, and was deprived ; there also belonged 
to it 17 socmen, yvith a carucate of land, a carucate and an half, and 
12 acres of meadow, valued ar lOf. but at the survey at 20s. 

The Earl had the SQC of three of these socmen, in Opton (or Upton), 
the Earl had the soc; and a freeman in WaUham, who held under 
the protection of Todi, bad the soc of another, the abbot of St. Ban* 
net the soc of 2, and the soc of another was in Rctgar. 

Out of these abovementioned fees and tenures, several lordships 
took their rise, the principal and cliief of which was jhatof the du 
gats Earls of Norfolk, and granted them probably by King Stephen to 
Hugh Bigot, on his being created Earl of Norfolk, from which fa- 
mily it came to Thomas de Brotherton Earl of Norfolk, and so to the 

^ Terra Re^s <qua' Godric. scrvat.— t'rc. ct li bor. ct i*pc. ct ho*es. ht. icar. 

Walcftham t lib. ho. Guerti T. R £• i ct dim. sep. et viii ac. p'ti. et sub. eo. 

car. t're. semp iii bord. etdim. car. xx St. vi soc. de vi ac. t're. ili ac. p'ti. tc. 

4IC. p'ti. silva vii pore. dim. saline, et i car. p. et nio. dim. et in eade xi tf>c» 

xvii soc. i car. t're. et i car. et dim. xii de xvi ac. t're. li ac. p'ti* et sep* li car. 
ac; p'ti, et io cade' i lib. ho* de zxx ac. 


Mewbr&jfi, and Howards Dukes of Norfolk, as in Jcle, 8lc. who were 
lords and patrons of the church of 3t. Laurence. 

Another lordship that was the Kiog% and of which Godfie wals 
steward^ and afterwards granted to the family of Le BoteUr, as 
may be seen in Upton ; and in the 15th of Edward I. fVilliam de Ro- 
thing and Joan his wife, held it of the family of de Botetourt, and 
ckuned view of frank pledge of their tenants here, and in HeniUng^ 
tan, and Ralph, de Rothing in the 15th of that Kin^. 

In the following year Henry de Cat, and Margery his wife, recovered 
of Ralph seisin oi 18 messuages, eoi acres of land, \%i. 6d, rent, with 
£ parU of a messuage, 4 acres of land, and the 3d part of dO acres of' 
pasture here in IJpton, Hemlington, fVykhampton, 8cc. and in the 9th 
of Edward Ih Henry Catt was lord, and in the next year had a grant 
of free warren^ 

John FaitotfanA Margery his wife, relict of Henry Catt, purchased 
in the IQth of Edw. IL a manor here, of the Lady Margaret Foliot, 
who bad it of Ralph Roihing, he of the heirs of Botetourt, by 47s. Sd. 
rent per ami. with 2 messuages, atnd 10 acres, held of Roger de Ker^ 
deston, by 8i. per ann. 

In the 30th of Edw. Til. Sir Constantine de Mortimer senior, and 
Catherine his wife, conveyed by fine, 2 messuages, 899 acres of land, 
one of meadow, 4 of wood, 24 of marsh, with 2 foldcourses here, &c. 
to Agnes, widow of Robert Catt. 

John Wymondham, Esq. and Elizabeth his wife, late widow of Sir 
John Heveningham, held the manor of Rothings in this town, in the, 
ISSth of Edward IV. when it was settled op him for life.* ' 

On the death of Sir John Heveningham, who died August 5, Ao. 
28th Henry VIII, Anthony his son and heir, had livery of the manor 
of Rowthings, in South nalsham; and Sir Anthony died seised of it, 
B$ appears by bis will, proved June 1, 1558. — It was after conveyed 
to John.Hofditch, Esq. 


In 1504, Petromih, widow of Sir Roger de Brome, was lady of this 
hail, in the parish of St. Mary, of South Wahham ; and in the 22d 
of Richard II. Robert de Brome gave to Henry his son avid heir, his 
manor of Sunderland Hall in this town, Upton, Fishley, 8cc.^ 

Sir Robert de Salle had an interest herein at his death, in 1340, 
and left it to be sold. 

Robert Blame of Blonorton^ Escf. by his will, dated September 15, 
in the S4th of Henry VI. deviseth it to Richard his son and heir. See 
in Brome, Loddon hundred. 


Simon de Criketot, had a lordship in the 8th of Richard I. when he 
impleaded Nicholas de Walesham about the right of presentation to 
the church of St. Mary of fi'alesham; and Nicholas in the said year, 
granted it Xq Simon by fine. 

* RegA Jerviv fol* S> 



In the 24th of Ktnry III. a fine was levied between At^6a it 
Criketotf petent, and Simon de Criketot tenent, of the 3d part of % 
knights fees in Bliffhrd^ Suffolk^ and of the Sd of the fourth part of a 
fee in South fValsham, as tne inheritance of Ralph de Criketotf her 
deceased husband , granted iu dower to Amida^ Kc. she releasing all 
her right in other lands, 

Sitfuni also eave to Emma^ daughter of Ralph de Criketot, the 3d 
part of half a knight's fee, in Manham^ and to her heirs. 

In the following year a fine was levied between Christiana, widow 
of Thomas de St. Omer, petent, Simon de Criketot tenenti of 53 acres 
of land, 3 of heath, and 7 of meadow, granted to Simon and his heirs, 
on condition that if the said Simon, could shortly free himself of 
the daughter of Hamon Chevere^ who sued him in the ecclesi- 
astical court for her husband, then the rever^ion thereof should be 
settled on him and Egidia, daughter of the said Christiana^ whom 
Simon had married^ but if he could not clear himself of the said 
daughter of Hamon, then the 3d part of his lands in Wahham, Uptonf 
Hemiin^ton, Randworth^ &c. should belong to Christiana, and Egidia, 
for the life of Egidia, except the chief manor of tVatsham, and the 
advowson of the church, which Simon was to hold. 

Hugh de Bavent, and Ptltcia his wife, sued for a moiety of this 
manor, and the 3d part of Blyford manor in Suffolk, against fVarin 
de Alontchensy, of the inheritance of Simon de Criketot, her late hus- 
band, held in the soccage of Nicholas It Boteler, and recovered it. 


This belonged to the chamberlain's office in that abbey, in the 
reign of the Confessor, contaimng 9, carucates of land witn 8 boN 
derers, one carucate in demean, &c. there was one carocate and a 
half, with 22 acres of meadow, among the tenants; two salt-works, 
one runcus, 7 swine^ 200 sheep, and four socmen had 33 acres, aiid 
an acre of meadow with half a carucate, this together with lands in 
Fishley, and Upton, were valued in the whole at 40s. and there was 
besides in fValsham, half a carucate, 6 borderers, 6 acres of meadow, 
and 5 socmen vfAh one curucate, valued at )0s. and Ralph the £arl| 
had the soc, in the time of the Confessor.* 

Ralph (Guader) Earl of Not/o/A, granted it to his chaplain, with 
soc, and sac, &c.' ' 

Robert de Turtevile, released to the abbot, in the reign of Kine 
Stephen, all hfs right in the lands, in this town, Hemelington, Ranc^ 
worth, and Pavx/ord, which his father William had granted to him. 

In the 1 5th of Henry III. Bartholomew de Stiveky, Robert de 
Cursun and Basilia his wife, grant to Sampson, then abbot, 44 acres^ 
of land, and the abbot regranted to them, a moiety of it ; and the 
moiety of a messuage, and a marsh, and a meadow, and of the rents 

• Terrs S'ci. Benrdicti. de Hulmo. xzxiii ac. ct i ac p'ti. scp, dim. car. ct ' 

Walcsham ten. S. B. p. ii car, t'rc T, in Fischcic, Sec. sc p. val. totu' xl sol. 

R. B. *t. Com^s habuit soca. T, R. E. adhuc in Walsa' dim. car, ct vi. bor. ct 

8cp. viii car. to. i car. in d'njo. mo. ii vi. ac. p'ti cr v soc. sep. i car. val. x sol. 

et i car. er dim. horn, xxii ac. p'tiii sal. . ' Ree« Holm. fol. 6, laS. 

i rune* vii por. cc ov, et iiii soc. de 


and aemcesy paying to ^he abbot and his succcessoars, 7 marks and 
ds- per ann ; and in the d7th of that King, the abfapt had a charter of 
fVee-vrarren^ and frank. Sic. and a gallows in the 15th o( Edward III. 

^dam^ parson of Heyham, and Jeffrey dc Baningkam, give to this 
convent the foorth part of ike manor of Souih Wahham^ which was 
held of ii bv a fee farm rent of 485./ier ann. in the 5th o{ EdwardW. 

Henry Broke, 8cc. aliened lands to it in the 9th of the said King, 
and it appears that the abbot had a right of fishecy, for two nets, 
from fVroxham bridge, to Weybridse bridge. 

In the yey 1428, the temporaTities of this abbey, and manor of 
Chamberlains, were valued at 9^. J 9s. 7d*per ann. 

In this abbey it remained till the exchange of lands made between 
King Henry 111. and Dr. Rugg Bishop of Norwich, when it^ was 

granted with other lands, &c. late the abbey of Holmes, to the said 
ishop, who exchanged it with other lands, with John Corbet, £sq. 
(as I take it) for his manor of Bacon^s in Ludham, and the said John 
Corbet, died lord of Chamber lain» Hall, in Souih Walsham, in 1556. 


In this town were two churches, one dedicated to St. Laurence, 
and was a rectory valued at hO marks, Pf/er-pence 1d</.«-carvage Sd. 
ob. the abbot of Holm had a portion of tithe, valued at 8«« and the 
prioress of Bungey a portion, valued at 20s. 

Ralph Gunner Earl of Norfolk, lord of the town, granted his right 
in the patronage of this cnurch> to the abbot of Holm, but in the 
first year King Richard I. by a fine levied, Ralph the abbot released 
it to Roger Bigot Earl of Norfolk, on his granting to the abbot a 
pension of 8^. per ann. out of it. 

In the 13th of Hatry III. a fine was levied between Geff. de Rande» 
worth, and John le Bigot, rector of this church, who granted to Geff. 
30 acres of land, to be held of the rectory, paying 8s. tent per ann. 
and 4s. to the Earl of Norfolk, of whose fee it was, and Jeffrey re* 
leased to Bigot, the rector and his successours, the capital messuage 
with the homages, services which the rector had before ; by the said 
fine, it appears that Nicholas le Battler had also an interest in the 
said chorch of Walsham, (St. Mary, as I take it,) which he in the 7th 
of Richard !• had granted to the abbot. 


John de Dunwich, occurs rector jf^. 5 of Edward H. 
* 13«0, Si/m. de Heyford, bv Thomas de Brotherton Earl oi Norfolk. 
\334, John de Wys^ht. mhitto. 

1350, Jamen Beckhy by Margaret, Countess of Norfolk. 

1351, Mr Barth- Broun, alias De Tacolneston, by ditto. 
Bartholomew Peacock, rector. 

1384, Bartholomew Broun, by the lady Margaret, &c. 

John Schevesbury, rector. 
1410, John Standolf, by Joan Queen of England. 
1420, Walter Pury, by John de Gray Lord of Ruthyn, and Con^ 
stantia Conntess Marshall, in right of bis wife. 


]454| Mr. Sm. Thorfiham, LL. B. by John Doke of Norfolk. 
, Thomas Perot, occvtm in Edward the Fourtb a rfeign. 

1479, Mr. Miles Walktt, A.M. by EHzabe^k Datchesa of Norfolk. 

1490, Mr* Thomas Cosyn. Ditto. 

1498, M r. John Talbot, M. D. Ditto. 

1530, Mr. fVilliam Rutet, LL. D. by Thomas Dcrke of Norfolk. 
Mr. Sampson misket, rector. 

1550, Christopher Sands, by Frances Countess of Surry* 

1554, Mr. Richard Unden0ood, archdeacon of Norwich, by the 
CoDBlesSt and Thomas Steynings, Grent. 

1559, Thomas Baynard. Ditto. 

1500, John Jewel.* Ditto. 

1562, John Waynhouse. Ditto. 

1572, Mr. Thomas Brooke S. T. B. by the Bishop, a lapse. 

1579> Alexander Siepenson, by the Crown. 

16 IS, WilHam Younger, by the Earl of Northampton. 

16S], Thomas Baker. 

John Beever, died rector in 1716, and John Antis, Esq. then pre- 

Benjamin lAfng, rector, succeeded by Henry Crowfifield, rector in 
174$, by Queen's college, Cambridge. 

The present valor is 13/. 6s. Qd. and is now in the patronage of 
Qaeen's college Cambridge, bought of the Duke of Norfolk, about 
' 1730. 

In 1515, Richard Coteler gives to the repair of the steeple of this 
church, 10s. and in 1518, Kaffe Goodewy, by his will, 205. to the 
edification of it. 


^ Ralph de Criketot, and Isabel his wifie, and Hubert tfteir son nni 
Mr, grai^t by deed sans date, for the remission of their sins, the 
• ubufch of St. Mary of South Wakkam, 100 acres of land in Pamhts- 
fo9td, and all their land in Sunderland in' this town, to Vhe abbey of 
St* Bennet of ffo/me.\ witnesses, WiUiam, son of Herman, Odo, 
jItbaUstar, Osbert dt Redeham, 8ic. ; tWs was in the reign of King 

In the 42d of Henry \ll. William de Suffeld, (alias Cakhorp,) con- 
veyed by fine (he advowson of it to the master and brethren of the 
•hospital of St. Gyles in Norwich, founded by his brother Walter de 
Suffeld Bishop of Norwich, who soon after appropriated it to the said 
hospital, and was valued at 2d marks, and a vicarage^ being settled it 
waa valued at 5/. Pe^f'pence \Sd. ob. ; carvage 4d. ob. 

Roger Bishop of Norwich also is said' to have appropriated this 
church on the 5tb ot April, 1268> on the resignation of Richard de 
Witton, the rector, who had the right of patronage, from Bishop 

* He was after bishop of Salisbury as ' Reg. Holm. fol. 39. 
I take it. 



l526j Reginald de Casietey, vicar, by the master and brethcen of 
St. Gyles hospital. 

ISS2, Richard de Crungethorp, Ditto. 

Richard Grubbe, vicar. 
133 •, m/liam Uf. Ditto. 
]355y John Blome* Ditto. 
1357, fValtcr de Rendham. Ditto. \ 

1378, John Clerk. 

1379, William Jttehawse. 

1380, miliam Porter. 
1384, John Acre. 
1394, Edmund Ray. 
1397, Ralph Wymark. 
1407, Robert Zwyte. 
1414, John Crees. 

1443, Richard Large, by the Bishop, a lapse. 
1483, William More, by the master, &c. 
1512, Hugh Witterance. 
1522, Robert Tremell. 
1529, Richard Brewer. 

John Moor, vicar, 
1554, Thomas Cotffper, by the mayor, sheriff, 8cc. of Norwich, the « 

hospital being granted by King Edward VI. in ] 547; tp the mayor, 
sheriffs, 8ic. 
1559, Thomas Banyard. Ditto. 
156£, John Waynhouse. 
1572, Mr. Nath. Wood. 

John Robinson, vicar. 
1586, Greg. Kirby, by the Queen, it lapse. 

Robert Cooke, vicar. 
1591, Samuel Gardiner. 
1601, William Younger, by the Bishop, a lapse 

Beffjamin yoawgr, resigned in 1731. 
1731, John Keate, by the city of Norwich. 

John hinderley. Ditto. 
The patronage is still in the city of Norwich, and the city have the 
impropriated reciory, by I he eift of King Edward VI. 

Thomas Speyne, of South Walaham, in 1605, gives lands, to find a 
lawmp to bren before the Rode, and one to bren before the image of 
car Lady, the kepeing of his yere day * 

Aiice^Carre, widow, in 15(^3, the profits of 4 acres of land here to 
keep a certeyn, ior her and her friends. 

« Reg. Ra. foK. as?.— — Reg. Gnih4esbux]ph, fi>l« t. 


[144 1 



1 H BSE two hundreds make up ihe deanery of F7egg. 

King Stepheri, by letters patents^ granted (as it is said) these two 
hundreds to Henry, his nephew, then abbot, and the monks of Su 
Bennet;^ in ihe ISthof if ^ry HI. a composition was madt between 
the abbot of St. Bennet, and the prior of Norwich, about wreck at sea, 
between Palling Cross, and Yarmouth Cross, two parts of the wreck 
beinff assigned to the abbot, and the third part to the prior: the two 
hundreds in the 54th of that King, were valued together with the 
hundred of Happing at 18/. and Hillidm de Burgh, farmed them of 
the King in 12Gif), at the same sum* . 

In the 2d of Edward I. John le Usher, had a grant of them at the 
said rent^and in the 14th of that King, William de Gyselham sued 
the prior of Norwich, for 4he rent of 12</. per ann. due to the Kioffi 
for the hundred of West Flegg, and in the 9th of Edward John de 
Clavering farmed them of the Crown. 

In the dSd of Henry VIII. Sir William Farmour, high sheriff of Nor^ 
folk, farmed them. 

Kins James L in his 4th year, demised the hundreds of East and 
West Flegg, to Sir Charles Cornwalleifs, Knt. during the life of Charles, 
eldest son of Sir William Cornwalleys ; Thomas, second son of Sir 
Charles, and Thomas, son of Sir Wiltiam, paying 8/. 4i. 1^. per ann. 
with all their profits, 8cc. and \0L increased rent for the whole. 

Sir Henry Spelman supposes that the Danes made here their first 

settlement, as tbe nearest part of Norfolk, to the sea, being well se- 

, cured by its site, water, &c. to maintain themselves therein, and also 

from the names of the towns ending in By, a Danish word (as be 

says) for an habitationi or village. 

That the Danes made their first settlement here, and in this neigh- 
bourhood is not to be doubted, but that they gave names to these towns, 
is (as I conceive) a mistake. That the Britons had settlemenu here, 
and the fiomaiu also, appears from the towns of JBmiiciu/rr, Yarmouth, 
and Castor, in this neighbourhood ; Brancaster, and Yarmouth, are 

derived undeniably from British words; Bran signifying a fortificatioD« 


■ Reg. Holm. Ab. fol» 4^ 6i« 

A S H B Y. 145 

as Baxter inlerpreiB it; and Yarmouth, is the mouth of the river Yar, 
or Gar, a Brituh word^ called Jermouth also, and by the Romans, 
Garionenum, tLud indeed most of the other towns in these two bucr* 
dreds are of the same original. I have more reason to believe the 
final syllable By^^ to the British than Danish; in Westmorland, we 
find the chief town called at this day Appltby, but by the Romans, 
(who had a station here) Aballaba, from the Britons ; and Ireby, a 
market town in Cumberland, a station also of the Romans, called by 
them Arbela, or Arbeia ; both these towns lie on rivers or water, 
which I take to be the trae signification of By, or Ba ; which word 
Ba, we find an initial syllable also to many towns^ Baburgh, Bausey, 
Babingley in this connty^ and many other in different counties, all 
lying oy some river^ or water ; and indeed the towns of these hun- 
dreds of Flegg take their name from a low, moistj watery site. 



It was not taxed, the deans were all collated by the Bishop. 

1256, Mr. Henry, rector of Billocby. 

1209, Simon de Ely, afterwards rector of Massin^ham Magna. 

1301, Alan dc Ely, the same day collated April A, to BlickUng 

1905, John de Ely. 

lS06,Alan de Ely. 

1308, William de Whitecherches. 

1314^ Amb, de Newberry, 

1325, John BattaiU 

1328^ John de Stanhow. 
Riehard Popham. 

1342, Walter Clerk. 

1345, the deanery of the town of Yarmouth Mt^na, was united 
perpetnallv to this. 
. 1345, Robert, son of Robert Clere of Ormesby. 

1353, WalUr Clere. 

1353, Robert Clere. 
John Stow. 

1361, John Balye. 

1400, John Maundevyle, rector of Quidenkam^ 
Thomas Lynes, alias Thornham. 

1445, William Gladon. 

▼oi..xi» tJ 



A S H B Y. 

1 HE principal part of this town belonged, before the Cooqaest, to 
the abbey of St. jSennct of Holmy given by King Canute the Dantf 
and was part of the abbot's barony of Tunsted, 

Jeff, dc Askeby and Maud bis wife, had an interest bere> and in the 
patronaffej in.the beginning of the reign of Richard I. and in the 
8th of that King, William^ son of Alexander de Sparham, and Roger 
dc Suffieldf conveyed by fine to Ralph abbot of Hqlm^ a moiety of 
the advowson, and he granted to thein the advowson of the church 
of Repps; fVilliam, gave also to the abbot, lands in Owley. 

It appears that the abbot had at the survey two carucates of land, 
with 3l>orderers, one carucate in demean, and half a one among the 
tenants, 10 acres of meadow, with pannage for 6 swine \ there were 
13 socmen of whom he had the soc, and sac, who held 68 acres, and 
5 of meadow, with 2 carucates then valued at 865. Bd. but before at 
COS. it was 8 furlongs long, and 4 and a half broad, and paid \bd. 
gelt, /whoever was lord.* 

In the 32d of Henry III. William de Sparham sold to Roger and 
WiUiam de Suffield, 80 acres of land in this town, OAy, &c. who re- 
granted it to Sparham for life ; about this time the rent of assise of the 
abbot's manor was 38s, 4d. 109 acres of arable land, let at 5d, per 
acre, 45s» 5d, S acres of meadow Is. and in the 14th of Edwara L 
the abbot had the assise, soc, sac, toll, lete, wreck, &c. 

On the dissolution of the abbey, and exchange of iands^ between 
King Henry VIII. and Bishop Rugg^ it was granted to the see of 
Norwich; and in the Sd and 4th of Philip and Mary, Sit Thomas 
JVoodhouse held this and Oby manors of the bishop, and it is held of 
the see at this day. 

At the survey, William de Beaufoe Bishop of Thetford, bad in Uj 
fee, the lands of two freemen of St. Bennet, who bad been deprived, 
16 acres of land, and two of meadow, with half a carucate, valued 
formerly at 12^. at the survey at \6d.^ ^ 

Bishop Beaufoe, at bis dteth, gave this fee to his see and sncces* 
sours, and so continues at this time, being united to that of the late 
abbot of HolmCy abpvementioned. 

Walter de Suffield Bishop* of Norwich, with the consent of the 
abbot of St. Bennet, who was patron, and of William de Tudeham, 
rector of thechurch of Ascheby, granted to Sir ffilliam de Sparham, 
a* chantry in the chapel of bis house here, on condition that the 

* Terre Sci Benedict! de Hulmo iiii et dim. in lato. et zvd. dc gq'cq ibi 

Asseb)r tenet, lep. Set. B. ii car. Ire. teneat. . 

Sep. vii bor. i car. in d'nio ct dim. car. * Tte. Willi. Kp. Tedfcrdens. dc 

horn. X ac. p'ti. sitv. vi por. ct xiii soc. Feiido In Ascheby ii lib. ho'cs Sci. 

cum soca. et saca Lxii ac. v ac. p'ti sep. Ben. de Hulmo xv. ac. tcrfc; et ii p ti« 

ii car. tc. val. xx sol. mo. rcdait xxvi sep. dim* car. tc» val* xiid. ct modo« 

sol. ct viiid« ct ht* viii qr. ia longo cl zvid. < ^ 

A S H B Y, 147 

chaplain should swear to bring all the oblations to the mother church, 
and that he shall confess no parishioner, give no extreme unction, 
and that Sir Ifilliam, and his heirs should come to the parish church, 
at Christmas, Easter^ the Assumption of the Virgin, and the dedica- 
tion day of the church, dated in the dd year of bis consecration ; and 
Sir William grann^d an acre of land on this acccfunt. 

The tenths were SOs. — Deducted 10#. 

Jtfftty de Askebi had an interest in the advowson, whieh he granted 
to the abbot of Holme. Maud his widow, contested it with the abbot, 
maintaining that the seal to the deed was not the seal of her late hus- 
band, but the prior's plea was allowed in the 7th of Richard L and 
in the following year a fine was levied l>etween William^ son of Alejy 
ander de Sparham, and Reginald de Sudfield, petents ; Ralph, abbot 
of Holm, tenent, of the advowson of the moiety of this church, released 
to the abbot; who granted the patronage of the church of St. Peter 
of Repps, to William and Reginald, and the two moieties belongings 

The church was a rectory dedicated to St. Mary ; and valued with 
Oitfy, &c. at 20 marks, the abbot of Holm bad a portion therein va* 
Ined at 7 marks. Pe^rr-p^Bce.2^. 


William de Tudeham, occurs rector in 1233. 
1£80, Nicholas de Suthfeld, instituted according to the tenour of 
the council of Lyons.'*^ 

1299, Bennet de Oldton, by Jeff', de Askeby. 

William, occurs rector ia 1300. 
1337^ Robert de Mundeford occurs rector. 

I34«, William de Berney, by John de Bemey, rector of Walsham, 

1346, John de Thoresby, by the King. / 

1352, Richard Hoc ham, by the abbot. 

Thomas de Cottingham, presented by the King in 1349/ he 
was one of the commissioners of the great seal. 

John Aleyn, rector. 
1384, William de Stsfynflete, by the abbot. 
1397, Thomas de SmalSurgh, by the abbot. 
]409> John Lanum. 
1409, William Mayon. 
1422, John Fouler. 
1426, Thomas Bredham. 
1429, Thomas Frenge. . 
1432, Step. Multon. 
1432, Robert Cantrell. 
1454, William Reynald. 
1488, Robert Kebyte, S.T. P. 

William Bey ham, occurs rector in 1489. 

1504, Kirkl^. 

1506, Laur. Stubbys. / 

♦ Reg. de Hulmo. foU ia6. » See his preferments in N^court 

* Rcpertor. v. u p. a74. 

A S H B Y. 

1509, tldward Wood. 

1521, fVilliam Pey. 

152£, Thomat Clerk. 

1527, Sim. Bdsing. 

fVilUam Barret, rector. 

1569, Leonard Rafmow, by theaatigDeesof the Bishop of 

1591, William Holland, by the Bishop. 

1609, John Ponder, LL.B. by the Bisnop. 

1625, Theoph. Kent. 

1660, PAiV. JVhitrfoot, by the King, a lapse. 

l6gi, I%aac Laug/Uon, by the Bishop. 

1718, Charles Trimnell, by the Bishop, on LaughtanU death. 

1724, Thomas Bullock, collated by Bishop Leng, D.D. and dean of 
Norwich. * 

1730, Thomas Cross, D.l). collated by the Bishop, master of Ca/Ae^ 
fine Hall, Cambridge. 

1736, WilUam fvake, by the Archbishop of Canterbuty, as his op« 
lion ; on Dr. Cross's death. 

1747^ John Jddenbrook, ditto, now dean of Utchfield. 

1747, Richard Fayerman, on Wakens death, b^ the Bishop. 

The present yalor of this rectory, with Obif, is 104 and pays first 
frnits, 8ic. 

In the chancel on a gravestone, 

Oraie p. a'ia. fViffmi. Clypesby, Armig. qui obt. 2 die Julij 1455. 

Also on another. 

Orate p* aHa. Will. Clypesby, qui ob. 24 die mensis Septemb. 1470; 
his will proved by Catherine his wife^ 18th of May, 1480. — Reg. Jfu- 
brey, Norwich fol. 53. 

Here layeth buried the body of Anne, late wife to Daniel Shanke, of 
Obv, Gent, one of the daughters of Sir James Hales of the city ofCaU' 
teroury in Kent, Kt. and one of the judges of the court of common pleas 
at Westminster, which said Anne, died 29 t^ec. 1599; — on it the arma 
of Shanke — guliSy a fess between three, escallops, or, impaling gules, 
three arrows or, feathered argent, Hales. 

There are two tombs here, one on tfte noi'th side of the chancel, the 
other on the south side, without any inscription or arms, that on the 
south, is said to be for the lord otOby, and that on the northj for 
his lady^ 

On a gravestone in the church. 

Orate p. Caiherinaflia Joh. Spilman, Armig. quond. uxoris Witt. 
Clipe$by. Armig. Postea uxoris, Edm. Paston, Armig. qwR obt. IB 
April, 149I; on it are the arms of Paston^ and Clipesby, impaling 

On the font is an escotcheon and orle of martlets. 

Many years past there were no houses standing; but that of the 
manor, the inhabitants of Oby come to this church. 

Besides the lordships abovementioned, William de ScoAies had here, 
in Winterton and Reps, the lands of 3 freemen, who lived in King 
Edward's reign, under the commendation of the abbey ot'Sti Bennet, 

. BILLOC/KLY. / 149 

with 46 acres of land^ and a carocate, and was valued in Stokesby, to 
which it belonged.^ 

The town ts^es its name from its watery sitCi as Esche, Esse, or 
Ascke, signi&ss; thus Jshen, Essi, Esche, or Eske, in Essex, lies^ as 
Newcaurt observes/ by the river, and is also called de Essa ; thos jis* 
tan on the Tre$U or Derwent ; and the river Ben in Hertfordskife,^ 
Askby in Domesday, wrote Esseby, now included in Snettertan, Nor^ 
folky Ashboum, or Eisebum in Derbyshire; Ashwell, Escewell in 
Hertfordihire ; Eue, in the British tongne signifies an island. 

B I L L O C K L Y. 

IT I L L I AM DB Bbaufob, Bishop of Theiford, was the chief lord 
of this town, at the survey ; Ketel a freeman held a moiety of it, under 
the protection of Almar Bishop of Elmhdm, being deprived of it ; all 
KeieFs land here was so held of the abbey of St. Bennet, for their 
maintenance, that he could neither sell or grant it away; Emast had 
invaded 57 acres of this land, with 10 of meadow, but Beaufoe had 
recovered it, and Bernar held it under the Bishop ; one carucate in 
demean belonged to it, and there were under him (the Bishop) three 
freemen, who bad 45 acres of land, and 8 of meadow, with a carucate 
and a half, valued at 10s. but at the survey at 20s. two parts of the 
church endowed with 7 acres, valued at 7d. belonged it ; it was 5 fur- 
lomzs lon^, S and half broad, and paid ^Od. ob. gelt.' 

Hiis Bishop, at his death gave tnis lordship, which he held in fee^ 
to his see, and successors, and several persons were enfeoffed herein^ 
and held it of the see. 

In the 10th of Richard I. Christiana, daughter of Peter de Billokeby 
was petent, and 'Nicholas de Haiebeck, tenent, of lands here ; and in 
the 20th of Henry III. Ralph de Halebech, held half a fee of Robert 
deCaston, and he of the Bishop ; and in the 15th of Edward I. the 
jury 6nd that Stqph. de Billoksby claimed view of frank pledge of his 
tenants, and Robert de Martham held half a fee of the Bishop. 
. In the 20th of Edmtrd III. and in the 43d of that King, Nichola9 
£acy^ parson of Bradwell; and Adamde Skegelthorp, parson of Causton, 

* Terra Willi.deScohfers*— -InAs- vende. potuif. Lvii ac. p'ti. Ernast. in- 
chebcj i lib. hoiii etinWiAtretunai&c. vasit. mo. tenet. Will. Ep. e. Bernar. 
Sci. Ben. de Hulmo comd. tantu. de sub. eo. sep. i car. in d'nio et sub. eo. 
2LVI ac. terre. sep. i car. et st. in p'tio. viii lib. ho'es xLv ac. tre. vii ac. p'ti. 
Stokesbej. sep. i car. et dim. tc. val. x sol. p'. et 

' Repertor. vol. ii p. iS. mo. xx sol. due partes ecdie vii ac. et 

• Tre Willi. Ep. Tedfordens. de feu- val. vd. v qr. in lon^o. et iii ct dim. in 
^o In Bitlakeiej ten. Ketel i lib. ho. lato. et de gelto. xxd. d. et ob. 

dim. fuit Almari Epis comd'tion. sc. * Arfast was Bishop of Thetford be* 
tota, sua fuit ita in monastr. Sci Bened. fore Beaufoe. 
de Hulmo ad victu' qd. nee dare aec 


150 B 1 L L O C K L Y; 

as trustees, settled this manor and adYowson on Regimiid dc Ecclt9 
and Jgnes his wife. 

Robert de Martham, bj his will dated February 18,' and proved 
Jufy9f 1461, settled a moiety of the manor and lands on Koberi 
JUpi^s, who was to marry EUzabeth, his daughter and coheir ; bis 
other dunghter and coheir Jane, being then single; mentions his 
father Robert^ gives to Bentiet his wife, all his utensils, waggons, and 
carriages, and animals, and 100s. per ann* dower. 

In the 7th of Henri/ VII. on an inquisition taken November 8, Sir 
William Capel was found to die seised of a lordship here, and Sir 
Giles was his son and heir; but in Michaelmas term in the said year, 
William Berney and ^Elizabeth his wife, convey to Edmund White, 
Robert liolditchef Thomas Godsalve, &c. £00 acres of land, 19 of 
mendow, 50 of pasture, 30 of marsh, and SSs, rent here, in Clippesby, 
Owli/f Ashbyy &c. and in the said ^ear and term. 

Thomas Snyiterton and Anne his wife, Robert Pylche and Eliza' 
beth his wife conveyed as cousins and heirs of Elizabeth MaHhanif 
one of the daughters and heirs, of Robert Martham, the manor of 
Bytlockly, \0 messuages, £00 acres of land, 20 of meadow, 100 of 
pasture, 20 of wood, 40 of heath, 40 of furse,. 100 of marsh, 4/. rent) 
and the rent of 34 quarters of barley in this town, &c. with the 
advowffon of this church, to Thomas Godsalve, 8cc. and in the d£d of 
the said king; in Hillary term. Franc. Noone Esq. and Anne his 
wife, granted it with the advowson to Henry Hobart Esq. 

In 1552 Robert Mayhew was lord, and presented to the church; 
and Thomas Mayhew Gent, in 1531. In 1631 Sir George England 
was lord and patron, and George England Esq. in 1740. 

The abbot of St. Bennet had also a fee at the survey and before, 
one carucate of land, and one in demean, with five acres of meadow, 
and six freemen of the abbot held in commendation only 44 acres, 
and 7 of meadow, with two borderers, valued at IBs. and what the 
freemen held was valued at l6d» at the survey at 2^.^ 

In 1428, the temporalities of this' abbey in this town^ were valued 
or taxed at 2s, Qd, oh. 

On the exchange of the lands of this abbey, and those of the see, 
between Henry Vill. and Bishop Rugg, this was granted to the see 
of Notwich, and so was united to the other abovementioned lordship^ 
and so continues. 

Roger Bigot, ancestor to the Earls of Norfolk, had a small tenure 
at the survey held by a freeman of Alti^i, in King Edward^s reign, 
under commendation, 20 acres of land, two of meadow, with a bor« 
derer, and half a carucate, valued at 20^.^ 

The tenths were 2/. 4«. ' , ^ 

The Church is dedicated to AlUSaints, and is a rectory ; the ancient 
yalor was six marks, and P^fer-pence 5d. ob. 
. In the 10th of Henry III. Ralph de Bray passed by fine to NicAo- 
las de Holedis the advowson of this church. 

' Reg. Norw. Aleyn. fol. 78, pt. t. hi. libi. ho'es. to. val. xvid. mo. ii sot* 

• T'rc. Sci. Bentdicti dc Hulmo. ' Terra Rogcri Bigoti lo BitU. 

In Bithlakebei ten. S.B. scp. i car. t're. kebci i lib. ho. Alwi T.R.E. comU zx 

Cc. i car. in d'nio mo. dim. v ac. p'ti. et ac. t're. ii ac. p'ti. et i bord. sep. dinu 

vi libi. ho'es S,B. com'd. tant. xiiiii ac car* semp. val. xxd« * 
viii ac. p'ti. sep. ii bor. val. xviii sol. et 

B I L L O C K L Y. 151 



Htnry occora rector ia .1256* 

\SS%, Robert de Fohsham, presented by Ralph Holebek, as giiar- 
diao of William, son of Stephen de Billochebv. 

IS23, Oliver de Wytton^ by William son of Stephen de Billokeby. 

ISST, John Schirlock, by Robert de Martham, and John FitZ'Robert 
of If^ham. 

1301, Robert Boys, by Jdam de Skalethorp,Darson of Caston, &c. 

lS70j Peter de ^oldeswell, by Reginald de Eccles. 

139^, Richard de Thirkebjf, by Robert de Marsham and John Elyt, 
hairgeas of Great Yarmouth. 

1401^ John de Willeby, by Sir Miles Stapleton, Knt 

1420, Bartholomew Fuller, by William Frere, &c. ' 

1432, John Cowherd, hy Robert de Martham. 

1435, John Reymes. bitto. 

'1457', Thomas ourgh, by Repp*s widow. 

1472y Thomas Gleinsfoid, by John Bumstede, Gent. 

1482, JRofrer/ Byxefe, by the Bishop, a lapse. 

1493, John Ramsey, by John Bumstead and Elizabeth his wife. 

1511, fFitfiant ffavKie;, ^ 

15 1£, John Mahfng, 

1542, Nicholas More, by JoAn Mason of Clipesby. 
Richofd Crowder, rector. 

1501, Edward Sharp, by Robert May hew. 

1593, JoAn Nevinson, by TAom^s May hew of Clipesby, 
• 1602, fPf//wm Parry. 

1627, JoAn Loi^. 

163 1» JbAn Seaman, by 7%077ias Mayhew, Gent. 

1673, JbAn Ward, by Sic George England. 

l679y JoAn Gxopse, by George ^g/a/icl, Esq. 

1692, Barry Lave. 

1701, JoAii fFflCf, by George England, Esq. 

1730, rAo>?wr« Doda. Dit^o. , 

Here were the lights of St. T^ary and St. Nicholas. 

The present valor is 2/. 185. Qd. and is discharged; 

In the chancel window were these arms, gules on a bend, argent 
three trefoils rer^, ffarvey, impaling as(?ire, a fess, daancy, between 
six escallops, argent, Dengayn ; Jtnney ; Harvey impaling, argent^ a 
bend rngnfe vert, between six martlets, sable. 

Reginald de Eccles and Agnes his wife, held half a fee of the 
Bishop, which Ralph Hglbeck formerly held : he made his will ia 
1380, and was proved July 7, 1381, Agnes his wife,, and Sir Roger 
de Bovs, executors, to be buried in the north side of the chancel of 
this cnnrch, gives legacies to John de Eccles his son, and to Thomas, 
ton of John de Martham * 

John de Eccles, by will, dated 1383, bequeaths the reversion of 
this manor, to be sold, and all above 100/. of the price to be expended 
in the repair of the church and chancel^ and mending the causeways 

* Reg. Heydout fol. iS6, 195.^ Reg. Hafsykei fol« aaS^ 



of Weubri^e and Bastwiek, and putting girls apprentice, Robert de 
Martnam his executor, proved in 1384. 

Sir Richard Fulmenton had a grant on March 20, Ao. 29th of 
Henry VIL of ands and tenements here and in Wtybridgt. 

B U R G H. 

f B o M Dometday book we learn that the Conqueror had in Bure^ iO 
acres of land, which was valued in his lordship of Castre^ and Godric 
was steward of it for the King, who had also another considerable 
manor in this town, which Guert was owner of in the reign of King 
Edward, containing 60 acres of land, 8 of meadow, and one villain, 
8 freemen also hel4 under Gttert 27 acres of land, and 6 of meadow ; 
and there were two carncates among them, with 2 salt works, valned 
then at 10s. at the survey at 20s. 

This then belonged to the farm or lordship of Causton in "Norfolk, 
but formerly not, being added to it by the Conqueror, and Roger was 
made the reeve of it. Burgh was 10 furlongs long, and 8 broad, and 
paid 2s. gelt, with 3 farthing, and many held lands there.^ 

Several persons farmed this lordship with that o( Causton, of the 
Crown. William de Cheney, sheriiF in the reign of Henry II. Robert 
litz-Roger in 1 197 ; but jCxngJohn in his 3d year, Ao^ 1201, granted 
it to Hubert de Burgh, after Earl of Kent. 

This was probably son of Sir Rcyner, who was son of Sir WilUam 
de Burgh, and conveyed lands here and in Almirton, by fine, to John 
and Robert, sons of Ernald de Burgh, in the reign of King Richard L 

tn the 2l8t of Henry III. is entered the marriage agreement between 
Richard de Clare, Earl of Gloucester,^ and Margaret, daughter of £fu* 
bert de Burgo, and Margaret his wife, daughter of the King of Scots. 

In the 31st of that Kioe, Margaret, widow of Hubert de Burgh, 
released all her right, or the 3d part of this manor, with those of 
Causton and Newton, and many others, to John de Burgh her son-in- 
law ; who granted for her life in dowry, the lordship of Porteslade, 
and advowson of the vicarage, those of A Idrington, and the patro- 
nage of the rectory, fVesthall and Sutherton in Susses, and Chilton 
manor, 8cc. in Somersetshire. 

In the 3d of Edward !• William de Burgh claimed free warren, 
and a free fishery from Burgh bridge to Stokesby Flech, which used 

* Terra Regis quam Godric servat. tc. val. z sol. mo. zx sol. in firma Ca- 
*-— In Bare, xx acr. app'tiatu' e. totu' luestune cuj non. p'tinebant, et Roger 
in Castra. fecit p'positu' et burc. ht. x or. in long, et 

* In Burc. ten. Guert. lib. T. R. £. viii in lato. et de geito. ii sol. et id. et iii 
be ac. t're. et viiii ac. p'ti. et i vill et viit ferding. s. plures ibi tenent« 

Hbo's ho'es sub. eo zzvii ac« t're. et vi ' Cuius. Rot. 

ac. p'ti. et lep. ii car. intr. o'es et ii sal. . -^ 

BURGH; 153 

to be cowmoii, but now is several;^ and in the 15th a free market 
weekly on Monday y in his manor ; and a fair yearly, oh the vigtiy the 
^nf of St. Margaret, and for 6 dacya followiDg; as ti grant to him from 
Kifig IfMiry III. 


Itoger Bigaty ancestor to the Earls of Ndrfolkf had a ^rabt of 90 aerei 
of land which Ulketel a freeman held tmde^ the protection 6f Edric, 
in the Confessor's reign ; and of 4) acre^ and S of meadow, witb a 
carucate which 3 freemen held under the ^rotecti^ of Alwip talaed 
tlien at 3i. at the survey at six.' 

Roger had also 6. acres of land that tf freeman held under Almjft 
{protection, which Stanhard then held of Jio^^r, with 12 acres of mea- 
dow, one villain, 8 borderers, and a caru^ate ra demean, ba)f a caru* 
cale among the tenants, and under these Vrere 17. iVeemen, with 89 
acres of land, 12 of meadow, and 3 carucates, valued at 90i» 

William de Ormeiby in the 20th of Henry If L held here and ia 
Owbu, one fee of Roger Bigot Earl of Norfolk, held of the Ormeib^ 
by t ne Claverinp. 

Ill the 33d otEdmard I. Sir Jlexahdir de Cldtering and Joan his 
wife^ was lord, and then granted by fide to Walter de Filby, lands 
here and in Filby, and were Kving in the 2d of Edward IE. be was 
brother of Str John de Ctaxfering, lord of Hotsford; 

Sohn Bacon, clerk, as a trustee, settled on Joan, widow of Sir Alesp^ 
andcr, this lordship for life; and after to be the infa^ri^nce of the 
beird of the Cheneys, by fine, in the l($th of that King. 

Hohert de Vffbrd Earl of Suffolk, was lord m 1355, and William de 
XJ^ord ftarl of Suffolk, in 1380. 

In the llth of Henry IV. Sir William Botpet and Joan his wife, 
posse^'d it, from whom it can^e (as in Hatifordy to the Dacres. 

Sir Thomas Dacre and EiizclbetK\A% wife,- settled it ^r life on Anne, 
wife of Sir Henry IngloSy in the l6th of Henry VI, ' 

Aft^r this it came to Sir Richard Kennes, Lord Dnetes, and Joan 
his widow died seised of it in the 3d of Henry' VII. Thomas Lord 
Dhere, ahd Anne his wife, conveyed it in the 21st of that King, to Sir 
William Capel, Knt. of London. 


Itf the 20th 6t Henry III. WiUiam de Faux held half a fee of the heirs 
of WiUiam de Statham, and Henry Rose and his parceners half- a fee 
of William de Rokeley, belonging to the fee of Roger Bigot, Earl 

That which StalhamheU, came, as I take it bv marriage, to the 
Wythes; and Sir Jeffrey Wythe presented to the cnurch oi Burgh St. 

* Terra Rogeri Bigoti.— ^In Burc. com'd. xlv ac. et iii ac. p'ti. i. car. (c* 
len. Ulketel lib. ho Edrici. com'd. T. val. iii soli p. et mo. vi. 
R.£. XXX ac. t*re. et iii libi« bo'cs Alwi 

TOL. XI. X ' 


154 BURG U. 

Maty, in 1317. In the £Oth o( EdwarillL Dionysia Ckre was found 
to hold half a fee^ late William de .Stalham's. 

In the l6th of that Kipg, Robert Eustace and Jliee his wife, bad 
40s. rent issuing out of Burgh St* Mary, given to them by Hellen, 
lale wife of Henry Rose; which they then recovered of Robert Clere, 
and Henry de Stow, whieh William de Rokely formerly held. 

John de Filby, parson of ffinterton, and fValter de Filby of Great 
Yarmouth, as trustees, c5nvey and settle the said manor, and the ad- 
vowson, on Robert Clere, and Alice\i\% wife, daughter and heir of Sir 
John Filby, for life, remainder in tail to Robert their son. 

In lhe,27th of the said King, Robert Clere of Ormesby purchased 
of William, son of John Sparwe o( Norwich, Bursh, Vaux^hall, which 
William Clere of Ormesby was lord of Stalham^all, and Faux^hall, 
Burgh St. Mary, in the 40th of Edward III. 

In the same family it remained in l609, when Sir Edward Clere 
presented to the church of Burgh St. Mary. Sir Henry Clere his son 
wns created a baronet in 1620 ; and left an only daughter and heiress, 
Ahigaily who married John Cromwell, Esq. of Ijondon, who being lord 
in her right, presented to this church in l665, by the name oi John 
Cromwell, alias Williams, Esq. 

In ] 680, Sir Edward Clere presented to both the churches of Burgh, 
and was lord of the whole town, all the manors being united. 

William Beavfot Bishop of Thetford, held as a lay fee, by the gift 
of the Conqueror, 50 acres of land, of which two freemen were deprived, 
valued at 105.' — On his death he gave this to this see and successours. 
This remained in the see of Norwich at the exchange between King 
Henry VIII. and the Bishop of Norwich. 

The abbot of St. Bennet had a lordship here and in Billockby, ' as 
may be there seen, also in Burgh, SO acres of land^ and 4 of meadow, 
at the survey, with three borderers, and a carucale in demean, valued 
at Ss. 

On the exchange of lands between King Henry and the Bishop 
of Norwich, this came with lauds in Billockby to the see, and so 
remains. , 

The temporalities of St. Bennet's in 14£8, were valued at ^.6d. in 
Burgh St. Margaret. 

John de Herrinfjlete, and Philip de Dol, passed by fine, to the prior 
of Bromholm^ in the 13ih of Edward I. forty acres of land, and five 
of marsh. 

The tenths were 3/. 6s, Sd. — Deducted lOs. 

In this town were two churches, St. Margaret^ and St. Marj^s^ 
That of St. Margaret was a rectory anciently, valued at 13 marks, and 
paid Peter-\)ei\ce \Bd. q. There was an agreement made betweeen 
the rectors or this church and Aikely, that they should each have a 
moiety of the tithes of Long HaUham, sans date** 

• T'rc. Willi, Epi. Tedfordens. de In Biirc. ten. S. B. xxx ac. ct iiii ac« 

feudo. In Bureli ii libi. ho'es de 1. p'ti iii bor. i car.ind'nio. val* iii sol. . 

ac. (crre serop. vai, x sol. i * Reg. Hulm. fbl. 143. 

* I're* Sc* Benedicti de Hulino*— «- 

BURGH. 155 



In 1319, Robert de Filcbif was presented, by the the Lady Joande 

132 1 , Nicholas dc Fylthy. Ditto. 
1326, Richard de l^»g^ he wasi archdeacon of Norwich. 
1338, Richard de Boghay, by Sir Robert de Benfiale. 
1436. Nicholas de Lacy. Ditto. 

1348, William Butt. Ditto. 

1349, haac Gay. Ditto. 
1356, John de Kendale. Ditto. 

1391, John Hembtyngton, by the abbot and convent of Langley, 
granted to them by Sir Robert de Ufford, as I take it. 

I393y William de Mauston. Ditto.' 

1409, John Curson. 

141 1, Thomas Frenge 

1418, Nicholas Stoke. 

14^0, Richard Bolour. 

1421, John Cory. 

1425, miliam Thrulby. 

1426, Thomas Hen/ng. 
1430, Baldwin Cretyng. 
1435, William Skynner. 

John Skeyton, recton 
1461, Robert Pilgryme. 
1471, William Parker. 

Paul Geyton, rector. 
' 1477 /Thomas Wymcr. 
1305, William Hande. 
1512, William Yngwardby. 
1518, Robert Walkingion. 

Thomas Corbet rector. 
1530, John Browen, by the assignees of the abbot, 8cc. otLangley. 
1532, Robert Reginald. Ditto. 
1540, Robert Canard, by Thomas Godsahe Esq. 

Gregory Plat, rector. 
1560, Arthur Gibbons, by the bishop a lapse. 
1580, John Burton, by bir Edward Clere. 
1609, Charles Flanwick. Ditto. 
1613, John Hunt. 

\QS4, Mart. Fountaine, by John Smith, Esq. and John Awcoch, 

Thomas Bradford, rector. 
1633, Nicholas Norgate, by John Cromwell, alias Williams, Esq. 
1676, John Witter, by John Berney of Swardeston, Esq., 
1711, Robert White, by John Welshe, Gent. 
The present valor is 8/. 13s. 4d. 

Thomas Wymer rector, gave 5 acres of land to the relief of lh6 
poor owners, towards the king's tax in 1505, and Robert Cannard, 
fector, gave lands to the poor of this town, Fransham, Shipdam and 

> Reg. Riz. fol. si^. 

166 BURGH. 

In the charch were the eoilds of St. Margareij St^ Mary^ and St* 
Nicholas, and the guild of St. Margaret. 
In the chancel, a stone with a brass effigies, &c. 

Orate p*aia Mri, Tho. Wymer fwmd. Rector, qpu. obt. Oct. 6, 150& 


Orate p. aHa Mri. Willi. Aldrych quond. Rutoris ist; EccUe qui 

obt. M. V. X. 

On a brass 

Patient eret prudenter rexit hanc Ecclia* Magr. John. Bumon Jnnoi 
cirdter 28, et morluus est 9 Martis 160S, atatis 68* 

Ip the church, azure, three mitres, or, see of Norwich ; and U^ord 
with a batton in bend, impaling Pe/^on, and quarterly, » and . 
on a bend, - three mullets, argent. 

The church of St. Mary was a rectory, vakied at 5 marks, paid, 
Pe/er-pence, 6d. 


In 1317, Stephen Alleyn was presented by Sir J^rey Wjfth$ and 
Isabel Kis wife. 

13£9, William de Gemer, by Hellen, relict of Hemv Bos^ 

1349, Walter Franceys, by Walter Filiy, rector of Winittrton. 

1361, Henry de Mundham, by William CUrc. 
Henry Atte Chrich, died rector in 1380* 

1380, Nicholas de Merkeshal, by William Clerc of Omaty. 

1383, Robert Nichol. Ditto. 

1400, Adam Smith, by Dionysia Clere. 

1409» Thomas Cok. Ditto. 

1413, Simon Brisgate. Ditto. 

141 9» Nicholas Waste, by Nicholas Wichingham, Esq* 

1429» Richard SUtre, by Q/»9«r Gro«i, aad Nicholas Wychingham. 

1443, Stephen Smith by Edmund Clere, Esq* 

1453, Richard Catfield. Ditto. 

1464, Robert Banyngham, by JoAii Hastings, £sq« 
Richard Thryston, rector. 

1482, TAoma^ firmer, by Robert Clere, Esq. 

1501, JoAn TVsaril, S.T.P. by the Bishop, a Upse. 

1521, Thomas Byrkhod, by Sir £ofter^ C/^r^. 

1530, John Raisour, by MUxabeth Clere, widow. 
Richard Crouder, rector. 

1554, Robert Cannard, by the Bishop, a lapaeu 

After this, the rectors were the same as ip St. MargareL 

This churchi3 now in ruins. The pieaenb valor b 4L and ia dis- 



Jn the reign of the Confessor, 4 freemeD^ two of them beiog under 
the commendation of Almar Bishop of Elmham, one under Jhi, and 
one under the abbey of St. Bennet, held 100 acres, 10 of meadow, 
apd there were under them 6 borderers^ with a caracate and an half. 
William Beaufoe Bishop of Thciford, on their deprivation, had a 

frant of it, and was lord at the survey, when it was valued at £0s. 
Qt in EdwartTs time at 5s. It was 3 furlongs long, and 5 broad, and 
jpaid I2d* gelt/ 

The abbey of St. Bennet at Holm had also one freeman.' 

Biihop Jl^eaufoe, at his death, gave this lordship which be held by 
a lay fee, to his successours; and on the exchange of lands between 
King Henry VIII. and Bishop Ragg, what the abbot of Halm hdkl 
can^ likewise to th^ see of Norwich, and so continues at this time. 

Ckbert de SaUcibus, alias de Willows, was lord in the reign of 
Il€^ry II. and in the 9th of King John,' Henry was lord and patron 
of t^ church of Clippesby, (jbls the jury find,) and that bis lather 
Qsbert presented the last, rector^ and fVilUam was son of Henty* 

Ii^ the ](Hh of Henry III. Johr$ de Salicibus held half a fee of the 
^ifhop of Norwich; and in the 19th of that king, Hugh Picktring 
graiOted lands by fine to William de SaUcibus* 

Nicholas de Scdicibus was found in the 20th of that reign, to hold 
ber^ and in Revps^ bi^lf a fee of Ralph Holeback, and he of the 
Bisbo{>; and William de Salidbus granted to H^uy de BiUakeky 
half a fee, to be held of him and his heirs for ever* 

In the reign of Henry lil. Mathew de Bukeskyn conveyed to JVal" 
ier, son of niUiam de oukeskyn,, and his heirs, a messuage, and 50 
acres of land, with a windmill in this town, JRo&s&yand Thurne ; and 
Walter granted to Matthew^ a znessnage called Kamesworth, wkh 
lands, &c. 

The said Walter granted to Willium de Bukeeh^B apd JuUan his 
wife^ the aforesaid mill^ messuages and 60 acres in the 44th of that. 

Peter Bu^kyn^ in the first of Edward L settled on himself fiDr life, 
18 ^leMuajges, and tenements, with lands here in Askeby, Oby, Repps, 
&^G. /eiQainder on Robert his son and Mice, his wi&> in taiL 

In the S5th of that King, Robert de Glenkam and AUce kis wife, 
settle b^ fine, 9^ M r. WaUer de Pykering, and Walter son of Robert 
de Pikering ; and John de BilUbheby grafted a messuage, 8(c. to 
Nicholas de Salicibus and Elai his wife, in the9tli of Edmard IL 


^ T're. Willi. £pi. Tedfordeos. de dim. car. el i air* He* vol. ▼ sol* p. et 
leudo~«In Clipesbei iiii. ]|bi. homines, mo. xx sol. ht ii qr. in longe.^ ct v in 
n ex his Almari Epi. comdat et i Alsi. . lato. et de eelto xii^f. 
i 8. B. de c. car. terre mode ten. W. ' T're Sxi. Benedicti de Hulmo* In 
Bpt. z ac» p'ti. et sub cis ¥i hoid. leinp. Cl^^esbei rlilK ho. 




Peter Buxkyn, as lord, presented to ibis chi^rcb in 1320, &c. and in 
1S38 ; and in the 17tli of Ibe seid King Edward H. Walter parson of 
the church of Clapton^ granted to Walter, son of William de Picker^ 
ing, messuaces, lands and rents here, &c. for life. 

William ae Stanton and Julian his wife^ granted in the 19tbof that 
King, lands here, &c« to Peter Buckskyn; and in the Sd of Edward 
III. John Hibberd released to William Buktskytf^ a messuage, &c. 

In the 19lh of Edward III. Sir John Bux$kyn claimed a moiety of 
6 messuages, 30 acres of land, 10 of meadow, 8 of furze, one of moor> 
and 30s. rent, a hen, and 4 ■■■ - in this town, &c. by the grant of 
John de Pickering, and William bis brother, late Peter de Pickering's, 
and another of John and William de Pickering^s; and it appears that 
the Pickerings bad a lordship here, and what waslield of it was par* 
tible between the heirs male. 

In 1361, Edmund Pickering, John his brother, and Catherine, pre* 
sented to this church. 

In 1389, Edmund de Clipesby, John Pickering and Jeffrey Curieys, 
presented ; and in 1390, John Pykering and Jeffrey Curteys, in right 
of their wives ; and John son of John de Pickering, and John, son of 
Edmund de Clipesbyi held here and in Repps, half a fee of Robert de 
Martham, of the fee of the Bishop of Norwich* 

lathe 20th of Henry VI[. Jialph Fupson and Elizabeth his wife, 
convey the manor of £c/xA:^i75,' with lands in this town, &c. to Sir 
Henry. CoNet, alderman of London, and mayor in 1405> on whose- 
death, in the 21st of the said King, John Collet, D. D. dean of St. 
Paufs, his son by Christian his wife, daughter of Sir John Knevet of 
Ashwell'Thorp, buA Elizabeth, sister and heiress of Sir John Clifton, 
Knt. of New Buckingham in Norfolk, inherited it; who by iiis will, 
dated August 22d, \b\Q, appoints that after his death, and of Dame 
Christian his mother, an estate should be made to John Nele his ser* 
Tant, of all his lands, tenements, rents, services, wards, Sec. in the towns 
of Clippesby, Rollesby, Burgh, Billokby, Ouby, Repps, Bast wick, 
Martham, Ahkeby, and Thurne in Norfolk. 

This came afterwards to the Clipesoys, lords also of a manor, and 
by the heihess of that family to Sir Randolph Crew^ and his son. Sir 
Clipesby Crew. From the Crews it came to Sir John Potts, Bart, of 
Manington, who settled it on his 2d wife Elizabeth, daughter of Sir 
Samuel Brown, one of the judges of the Common Pleas. 

Sir Algernon Potts, £art. sold the reversion of it to George Eng* 
land, Esq. who was lord in 1720; and England conveyed it to Capt. 
Clark; Mrs. Clark's heirs are said to have had it in 1740. 

In the time of the Confessor, Earl Guert, brother of King Harold, 
had a freeman under his protection, who possessed '20 acres of land, 
and 4 of meadow, and 3. other freemen gf his had 1? acres of land, and 
S of meadow, with a carucate, valued at 25. 6d. 

la Clipesby a freeman of the Confessor's had 20 acres, and half a 
camcale, and three acres of meadow, valued at Qa. 

All this was in the Conqueror's hands at the time of the survey ; 
and Godric also took care of 4 acres and an half of land for the Con- 
queror, of which a freeman was owner> and deprived. The Conqueror 
had also 46 acres of land, and 5 of meadow, the part of a saltwork, 
and one carucate, which 5 freemen were deprived of, valued at 3s. at the 
survey. On Almar's deprivatibo, Godric took care of it for the King. 



These tenores were granted from the Crown to a family who took 
their name from the town ; the first that I meet 'with is Hugh dt CU" 
pesbyy living in the reign of King Henry 1(. whose son Richard con* 
feyed by fine to Stephen de Rolvesby 60 acres of land here^ and \m 
Burgh ^ Stephen granting to him lOs, per ann. 

Richard, son of Hugh de CUpesby let lands to William,%on o( Alan 
de Reppes, and Sclent ia his wife, in Reppes, for 30 years. 

In the abuttals of the land, mention is made of the lands of John, 
son of Osbert de Clipesbjf; and for this grant William de Reppes and 
Scieniia his wife, gave to Richard, S9s> two swords of the price of Qs. 
one bearded arrow of 2s. and one of I5d* with a pound of pepper. 

This deed is sans date, but was about the first year of King John, 
The witnesses were Reginald P rest, de Askcbjif, Wtmer de Si/pa, Ro^er 
de Suffield, Stephen de Rollesby, IVimer de Burgh, Henry de Askeoy, 
Hugh, son of Richard de Clipesby, 8cc. 

About this time was also living, John, son of Elfred de Clipesby, 
who gave to William, son of Algar de Clipesby, lands here ; witness 
William de Salicibus, also Ralph, son of (Jsbert de Clipesby, who gave 
lands to William de Sparham, who gave to Ralph 35 marks of silver. 

Richard de Clipesby by deed, sans date, grants to Hugh his son, by 
Mabel his wife, 30 acres of land here, belonging to the fee of the King, 
with several villains, with all their progeny, and all the homages be- 
longing to the fee of William de Owby, and villains, 8cc. add Hugh 
Sre to Richard a palfrey, and a gold ring, in gersuma; witnesses, 
Iph de Somerton, Robert de Malteby, Simon ae Ormesby, William 
and Thomas, sons of Richard de Clipesby, &c. 

In the 5th of Henry III. John, parson of Burgh, conveyed to Ht^h 
de Clipesby 5 acres and a half of land here ; and in this family this 
lordship continued, till the death of the last heir male John Clipesby, 

IflO C L I P P E 6 B Y. 


(a) Hugh de Clipe^bji 


Kicbard de Clipetbf • 



Hugh de Clipcfby. 
(i) Sir Robert de ClZpesby-*- 
John de Clipeaby. -r- laughter of Sir John Jenney. 

John de Clipeiby. «*■ 
f ■ - * ■! 

William de Clipesby. t> Dau^tei of Rob. Newtnb 
if) £dRi. de Clipesby -4-- E^a, dau|^hter and coheir of Sir 

IjL^a, dau|^nter ana coa 
WiUtmm Caly« 
— ^»-— — .■ ■■»■ I. 

(i) John de Clipesby. -r- Alice, daughter of Sir Thomas 
£8<^ Longstrother of Cheshire. 


1st, AUoe, daughter of — Will, de Clipesby, -j- sd, Cather. daughter of Hen. 
JohA Wood house, Esq. [ Spilman, Esq, of Stow Bydon. 

s.p. j 

f — ■ ^ ' ' • \ ^ 

(0' John de Clipesby, -^ Constance, daughter of William 



Fasten, of Pastoh, Esq. 

r— — — — — - — ■ *■ % 

{J) William de Clipesby, Esq. — ^Lettice, daughter of 

William Knightleyof 
Norwich, Gent, 

{g) John Clipesby, Esq. -i- Julian, daughter of Matthew 

Ellis, Gent, of Cheshire. 

Wm. s. p. Audrey, daughter — ^Tho. Guybon, Frances, Julian, daughters-Sir Rand* 
and coheir. Esq. s. p. and coheir. Crew. 

(a) The old pedigrees of this family are (as far as I can see) very 
faulty, and supported by no proofs or evidence ; Algar and Osbertde 
Clipesby are made sons of morcarius, and placed at the head of tbc 
pedigree, and made brothers to Ralph de (Jlipesby, who is therein said 
to be grandfather to this Hush; whereas it appears by undoubted 
evidences^ that Alsar and Odoert were living in the reign of King 
John ; and that Hush, father of Richard de Clipesby, was living in 
the reign of Henry 11. and what is yet 'more unpardonable there are 
15 descents made between the 10th of King Richard I. and the reign 
of Richard Ih 

Sir Richard de Clipesby was witness to a deed of Robert, son of 
Richard de Mautebi, sans date. 

In an assise of last presentation to this churchy the pedigree stands 
thus^ J\ 9 of King John : 


JUcbud it ClipctV y ■ ■■ ■ Henry de SalicibitSy Uien recovered it %|»iiiit Rlchti 4» 

f ■ ■ ■^ Oibert de Salicibus— -■ 

Hugh de Clipesby. Geffrey« I 

Henry de Salicrbus.-t 



(b) Sir Robert de Clipesby was lord of this lown» and had rents, 
free ienaots and villains, in Rq^ps, Bastwick, Mariham, SkaWf Roir 
lesbf^, Billockfyf Bursk, &c« 

't'bis Robert is saia to have married Agnei^ daughter and heir of 
John de Salidbus, or de Willows, and John de Salicibus and jigne$ 
the daughter and coheir of William de Stalham. 

(e) Edmund de Clipesby, Esq. married Eva, danghter and coheir 
of Sir William Calejf mfUby, and was lord in the 48th of Edward IIL 

Some pedigrees make this Edmund to be father of John, and some 
say John was son of Edmund de C/t/^esiy^ junior, son of Edmund, 
senior, which Edmund, junior, was outlawed, for the mnrder of 
Waker Cooke, husband of Julian Cooks, in the l6th of Richard lU 
then aged ^« 

In the 10th of Richard II. Edmund de Clipesby enfeoffed Sir John 
Jentw in this lordship and advowson. 

(d) In the Sd of Henry IV. John Clipesby, Esq. son of Edmund^ 
and John, son of John Pickering, senior, were found by an inquisi« 
tion taken at Norwich on Thursday after St. Michael, to hold nere, 
and in Repps, half a fee of Robert de Martham, of the Bishop of 
Norwich ; and in the 2d of Henrtf V. John de Clipesby, son of Edmund, 
released to John Derby, Esq. all his right in the lands, villains, wards^ 
marriages, in the village of Stalham, &c. 

In the 12th of Henry VI. John settled on William de Clipesby hit 
son, hy AUee his wi£e, a moiety of tbistordihip, &c. on his son's mar* 
riage with Jlice his wife ; John was returned in the 7th %ti Henry Wl. 
to be a gentleman^ of ancient ooat^armour, and to serve the King 
with his lance, for the defenoe of the kingdom. 

John Clipetby of Owbey, Esq. made his will April 26, in 1454, to 
be buried in Owby church, and it was proved July 8, following. 

William Clipesby, £sq.^ son of John, living in the iOtb and 22d of 
Henry V I. when he enfeoffed John Fitz Ha/jpA, and William Grey, 
£sa. of this manor, &.c. 

Catherine, his wife, remarried Edmund Paston, Esq. died Jpril IB, 
1491, and was buried at Jskkeby; William died in \Sd5, when Wil* 
Uam Yelverton, Esq. jun. and this Catherine his wife, presented to 
this church. lelverton died in 1481, and she after married Edmund 
Paston, Esq. 

(e) John de Clipesby, Esq.' in the 8th of Edward IV. enfeoffed 
Newent, &c. in his lands, tenements, &c. and advowson of the 
church of Plumstede Parva. John presented to Clipesby in 1507* 

* This William died in 1455, and tioiied William, who died 14^, whose 
was buried in Ashby church. It appears widow Catherine married William Ycl* 
that there were two William Clipesbys, verton, Esq. and presented in I459» 
probably father and son, the abovemen* 



r J 

J6f C L I P P E S B Y. 

In the 6tb of Henry VI It. Thomas Doke of Ifoffdk, great marsbal, 
and treasurer of England, granted to fVilliam Paston, Esq. and 
Constance, widow of John Clipeaby^ Esq. the wardship, and custody 
of the lands of William C/ipesbyf son and heir oPJohn CUespby, Esq. 
deceased, and held of the Duke, and on February 14, in the 17th of 
that King, they grant to the said William^ the benefit of his marriage, 
for the virtuous manners and good conditions which he according to 
his duty hath used to the said Constance his mother. 

(f) William Clipesby. Esq. of Oby, by his wiU dated November 
€89 1540, orders his body to be buriecTon the north side of the chan- 
cel of this church, appoints Lettice his wife, and John his son execn* 
toi^s, proved October, 29, 1541. — Re^ Haydon. Norw^r^Lettice after 
married William Cardinal, Esq. of Bromley Magna, in Essex, and 
presented here in 1561. 

(e) By an inquisition taken in iheSlihof Elizabeth, Audrey, Frances, 
BxiaJtUian were found to be the daughters and coheirs of John 
Clipesby, Esq. Audrey married Thomas Guybon, Esq. son and heir 
of Humphrey G^yhon, Esq. of liorth Lynn, and had with her the 
manor ofOby, — Fratices died sinsle, and Julian married Sir ^Randolf 
Crew, lord chief justice of the l^ing^s Bench, in the reign of King 
Jame$ I. by whom he had Sir Clipes&i Crew, lord of this town, by the 
inheritance of his mother ; from the Crews, it came to Sir John Potts 
of Mamungton in Norfolk* 

Sir Algernon Potts, Bart, held it, and conveyed it to William 
Clarke, Esq. who presented in 1721. . 

(h) Roger Bigot, ancestor of the Earls of Norfolk, had the lands 
of a freeman of St. Bennct, and was part of this manor of Oby ; this 
came to the Clipsby's, by the heir of Sir William Caly, lord of Oby^ 
and so was united to this manor of Clipesby, and held of the manor 
otForncett in Norfolk J 

\i) The abbot of St. Bennet had a freeman here at the survey ; 
what he held came on the exchange of land, between King Henry 
VIII. and Bishop Rugg, to the see of Norwich, and so' was united to 
the Bishop's manor b%re mentioned.' 

And the Conqueror had at the survey, the lands of 5 freemen, 
which Almarus took care of for Uai, they belonging to no particular 
fee,, who held 46 acres of land, 5 of meadow, the fourth part of a sale 
pit, with a carucate, valued at Ss. but at the survey at 4«. these were 
added by the Conqueror to the lordship of Caustou.^ 

Csorgc KnightUy, Esq. was lord in the reign of Queen Elixabeih, 
and in her 10th year ban a praecipe to deliver it to Edmund Pirton, 

The tenths were 6l. 

The Church is a rectory dedicated to St. Peter, the ancient valor 
was 12 marks, Pcter-pence I2d. 

' Terra Roger! Bigotr In Clipesby qui additi st. ad firina* de Calaestune 

i lib. h({j Sci fiencd. T. R. W.— -In Clepesbej ten ide y 

■ Tre. Sci. Benedict! de Hulino.— ^ iibe'ros. ho'cs de xlv! ac.'tre. et ▼ ac. 

Jn Clipesby i lib. ho. p'ti et qr. pars i sal, »ep» i car. tc. vaL 

^ Lib* ho'cs T. R. £. ad nullam fir* tii soU mo. iiii. 
nianij p.tincates quas Almar. custodit. 

C L I P P E S B Y. m 


In 1320, Thomas de Spyney, iDslituted, presented by Peter Buxkyn. 

1 326, Peter de Pagefteld, by William, rector of Askeby, 8cc. 

1338, Ralph de Depham. Ditto. 

1338, Jo An Urri. 

13S8, Ralph de. Vrri. 

1352, Edmund de Fresingfeld. 

1361, Henry Gottes, by Edmund Pykering, John,hi9 brother, and 
CatherinS Pres. 

1 389, Henry Waggestaff, by Edmund de Clipesby, John Pykering^ 
and Jeff, Curtis, in right of their wives. 

1409, John Dynynton, by John Clipesby ^ domicellus, Robert Kent, 

1432, Earth. Fuller. Ditto. 

1433, Walter Drury, by John Clippesby, Esq. * 
1440, John tieroun. Ditto. 

1459> John Dalton, by William Yelverton, junior, and Catherine hk 

1471, Thomas Hauley,^y William Clipesby, Esq. 

1473, Richard Foo. Ditto. ' 

1477* Ro^er Grenegrass. Ditto. 

1490, Thomas Foulsham, by Edmund Paston, Esq. and Catherint 
his wife. 

1507, John Owdolfy by John Clippesbif, Esq. 

1513, John Ma kins, by the Bishop, a lapse. 

1542, William Smith, by the assignees of William Clippesby, Esq,. 
Richard Crowder, rector. 

1561, Edward Sharpe, by William Cardinal, Esq. 

1593, John Nevinsony by JoA» Clipsby of OAy, Esq. 

1602, fFi/fiawi Parry, by Thomas Guybon of JTm^ Lyhn, and JJa/jpA 
Cffir, EflQ. 

— — •, Thomas Dockwra, presented by William Clark, Geat^ 
Isaac Laughton died rectoir in 1718. 

1719, OeoYge Hill. Ditto. 

1721, Charles Trimnell. Ditto. 

1723, William Adams. Dittq. 

1742, Robert Goodwyn, by John Goodwyn, Esq. 

The present valor is 6/. 1S». 4d. and is discharged ; the advowson 
goes with the lordship, and the heirs of Mr. Clark were patrons ia 

On a gravestone in the church, the ponrtraiture of a man and wife 
in brass, and 

Orate ^ff^i^f^fuffi Tho. Pallinge et Emme uxoria ej. qui. obt. 20' 
die Augusti, 1503. 

On one in the chancel, 

Orate ^^ff^i WilVmi Clypesbye, Armig. qui obt. 10 die January, 
1511 ; and thfe arms of Clipesby, quarterly, argent and sable, on a 
htuA, gules, three mullets of the first. 


£S CO. 

Op a raised altar tomb, on the soath side of the chancel^ are 
pourtraitures of a maD and his wife in brass^ 

Here layes the bodyes of John Clipesbye, Esq, and Julian his wifs, 
who had issue William deceased, and left Audrei/y Francis, and Julian 
his daughle f sand coheirs, which John died 3\st of March, 159-^; and 
these shields of arms, Clypesbye, impaling Jerningham;- — Clypcsbyc, 
impaling Woodhouse of Krmbtrley; — also a shield containing 12 coats 

Suurterly; — the first, is Clypesby; — 2d, sable, three martlets in a bor* 
ure ingruiled, argent; — Sd^ vert, an eagle displayed, argent, bruised 
with a bendlet, or ;— 4thy azure, a chevron, between three herns, ar- 
eent; — 5th, azure, a pike haurlani, argent ;^^\h, or, a saltire between 
four cross crosslels, sable; — 7th, Cliptbye; — 8th, gules, on a chief or^ 
Ihree torteaiix ; — 9th, gules, a lion rampunt, argent;^ lOlh, argent, a 
chevron between three iioncels rampant, gules; — 1 lib, barry of eight, 
or SLiid sable; — 12th, Clipsbye; all these are above the* epitaph, and 
below are the following 8hield8;--^C/t/M6y€, impaling quarterly* in the 
1st and 4th, ermin, in the 2d and 3d ouarter, paly of six, or Sind gules, 
Knightley; — Clipsbye^ impaling sable, on a chevron between three 
women's heads, argent, crowned and crined, or, as many roses, giiief; 
"^Clypsbye, and Spil man; ^Clipsbye, and Paston. 

In memory of the Hev. Mr. Geo. HiO, rector, who died Oct. Qli, 172 Ij 

aged 66. 

On an old brass, 

D'nj, Joh, Heron, quo*da* rectoris, i&ti. eccle qui obt. xxffi. die memm 
Sept. jfi. Dnj. M. CCCCLXXn\ 

The lady Julian abovementioned, who married Sir Rand. Crew, 
died at Kewe in Surry, in 1603, and was buried in the chancel of the 
church of Richmond, on her monument, was ^, 

Antiquafuit orta domo, pia vixit, inivit 
Virgo pudica thorum, sponsa pudica polum. 

The temporalities of Tlickling priory were (Ss«"— of St* fiaimeC at 
Holm 6s. 10<2.— of Weybridge !!«• . 


E S C O; 

Vt iLtiAM BfiAtJTOB, Bhibop xA Thetford hhii 2 borderers here, 
who tield 5 acres of land, and belonged to his lordship of Hemesby, 
which be held as a lay fee, and tbe said Bishop ^ave it to his aee,* • 

■ Terra WUl. ttpi, Tedfordensis de In Esoo, i lib. ho, Almari £pi. comd* 
ihido in £^ct>, ii ^rd« dc vi iic. trc* et tantu. de xv. ac* terre.ettlim* car* diiii» 
p'tiocnt ad Hemesbej • ac« p'ti* et vaU xvld* 

H E M E S B Y. 165 

Tbb place has been 'depopulated some centuries;, in the year 1273, 
in a survey of Walter de Kirkehy, prior of Nortmehf Sco-fieid is men- 
tioned as adjoining to Martham field, and the hospital of Norwich had 
lands therein. 

The north field of Sco is also mentioned, and the king's high way, 
leading from Sco to Repps, and the King's highway leading from Sco 
to Martham. 

A family took their name from it, Alexander deSco was living 
here at this lime^ and bad lands. 

H E M E S B Y. ' 

Aloab Earl of Merda, son of Le&fric Earl of Mereia was lord of 
Hemesby in the time of King Edward; Alwi bought it of Jlgar, and 
Stigand the Archbishop of Canterbury, took it from him, and gave it 
to jtlmarus, his brother. Bishop of Elmham; but what right the see 
had to it, the hundred (by whom all suits and causes were tried) 
knew not.* 

At the survey William Beaufoe Bishop of Thetford, was lord by the 
grant of the Conqueror, and held it as a lay fee in demean, consisting 
of 3 carucates of land, 33 villains, and IS borderers, 6 servi, &c. 3 
carucates in demean, 1 i among the tenants, 40 acres of meadow, and 
2 sail works, with a church endowed with SO acres, valued at l6d. 
&c. and 4 socman had 60 acres of and, land 3 of meadow, with one 
carucate, it was with its beruite in Martham, one ieuca and a half 
long, one broad, paid 30d. gelt, and valued with part of Martham, 
and WintertoH at ^6/. in King Edward 1. reign, at the survey 29^ 

lliis was a large capital manor> and Bishop Beaufoe at, his death 
left it to his successours ; and Herbert Bishop o( ^Norwich, on his 
foundation of the priory of Norwich, settled it on that convent. 

(h) Gyrard, who was prior in the reign of King Henry II. and his 
convent, with the consent of John Bishop of Norwich granted in fee 
to Henry de Marsh and his heirs, all their land at Hemesby, and their 
men, with their services, paying 70/. per awn.— witnesses, Master- -- 
de Holcham, William de ioftes, Ralph de Bedeford, Adam de Ake^ 
ieath, &c.^ 

Roger son of Richard, son of Walter de Hemesby, granted a cer- 
tain rent to William de Walesham, prior, sans date, but about I£80 ; 
•^witnesses Roger de Ormesby^ 8cc* 

• Terra Will. Epi. Tedfordensis dc lii sep. iii car. in d'nio et x\ car homimit 

f6odo.«—^HemesbejtenetA)gsir Comes et yL ac* p'ti. et ii salin. i ecclia xx ac. 

T.R.K. et Alwius emit. Stigand. abstu- et val. xvid. mo. xii pore, et CLX oy. et 

lit et dedit Almaro fri. suo sd. ^und. iiii soc. de lz ac. terre, iii ac. p'ti. et 

nescit quomodo ex illo fuit in episco- sep. i car. 

patu in dommio. iii car. ire. et semp. ' Reg. Catk» Norw* fol. 1971 & aaj. 
xxziii vill. et xiii bordt tc*.«i scr* r0O» 

166 H E M E S B Y. 

Bartholomew, jBon of Ralph de Somerton, granted fand^ here to 
William de Kyrkelyy prior, &c. sam daie\-w-mine8»eSf Sir William df 
JRedham, Ralph Btll^ Thomas de Besevile, Roger de Bavent, Koto* 
&c. and William son of Godfrey de Uemesbye gave lands here to the 
$aid prior ; — witnesses^ Sir Robert de Castre, Laurence de la Mare. 

John, son of Sir William de Ormesby, quitclaimed to William de 
Kirkehy, prior, lands here, between the lands of Sjr William de Red-' 
ham and Ellen bis wife, held by her ia dower of the inheritance of 
Roger de Ormesby ; — witnesses, Sic Walter de Burgh, Sir Ralph Bill; 
and Oerberge, widow of William Plente of Ormesby, gave lands to the 
said prior ; — witnesses, Sir William de Redham, Sir Robert de Mauteby, 
Roger de Ormesby, Nicholas Clere. 

John Everard of Ormesby grsLUied also lands to the said prior;— 
witnesses, Sir Walter de mavteby, and Robert his son, Robert de 
Somerton, Simon Peche, and Thomas de liakeford, Knts. 

Roger, son of Sir William de Ormesby, quitclaimed Henry 
de Lakenham, the prior, about 1290, which Sir William de Bedhat%\ 
held of the dower of Ellen his mother. 

In the 6th year of William de Claxton, prior of Norwich, a court 
was held by him, when it was found by the homage, that it was the 
custom of this manor, that on the death of a villain, bis heir, bad a 
right to, and jnight claim a cart, and a plow with their uteqsils, a 
table with its cloth, a ladder, a bason, and washing vessel, dishes and 
plates, 1 tinum, 1 citnan, et 1 cilicum for a bed (p. torac) - -^ - - - •, a 
bason, washing vessel, a grindstone, spade, and fork. 

In the 9th of Henry HI. the prior gave tvio palfreys to have a 
mercate here, and at Secheford; and in the ISth of that King, 'l^aZ^er 
de Malteby, conveyed by nne to Simon the prior a messuage, and 3 
carucates of land in Hemesby and Martham; and the prior granted 
to Walter, all the land that he had at Becham, excepting the advow«* 
son of that church, which was to remain to the prior and convent, 
and gave besides to Walter 200 marks.^ 

In the 41st of that King, the prior had wreck at sea, which belonged 
to the abbot of Jio/my but the prior's men being near to the sea, save 
it, and the abbpt allows it at will ; and in a pleading in the 52d year 
of Edward L the prior claimed wreck from ^Palling cross to the 
bounds of Yarmouth, with frank pledge, assise, i'ree warren, pillory 
and tumbrel* 

Their temporalities in 1428, were valued at 41/. Us. %d. oi* per 
ann. and in the Cellafei^s Computus^ in the 8 1st of Henry VL I find 
Zs, 4d. abatement of rent on account of lands swallowed up here by 
the sea ; and the same abatement for lands swallowed up at Winter^, 
ton ; the cellarers account for 92^* revived at the fair in 1^19» for the 
prior, to pray for the soul of Elizabeth Clere. 

On the dissolution of the priory this manor became part of the 
Crown revenues ; and the church was deprived of it, and King Edward 
Vf. on November %\,\r\ his sixth year, granted it to John Dudley 
Earl of Northumberland, in consideration of the site of the monastery 
of Tinmouth, in that county; with the impropriated rectory and 
advowson of the vicarage, 

Oa the altainder of that Duke, in Queen Marys reign, it fell Ul 

♦ Reg. Cath, Norw* i, f. 105* 

H E M E S B Y. 167 

the Crown ; and m the Sd i^nd 4th of Philip and Mary Sir Bx^bert 
Dudl^, son of the aforesaid duke^ and Anne his wife had a grant of 
it on January SO. 

Qneen Elizabeth, by letters patents dated at fVeitmin$ter, Februanf 
5, in her 7th year, reciting the grant made by Philip and Mary (to 
the said Sir Kobert Dudley, now her faithful counsellor and Earl of 
Leicester) of (his ihnnor, SO messuages, 14 cottages, 1000 acres of 
land, 200 of meadow, 1000 of pasture, 80 of wood, 1000 of furase and 
heath, iij^th the advowson of the vicarage of the church, &c. 

King Edward \L on January £6, in his fifth year, demised to 
Hugh Ellis Gent, the rectory of the said church, with all the glebe 
lands, tithesy. &c. for 21 years, paying to the king l\L per ann. the 
qneen hereby also now gives to the said earl, tne reversion of the 
same rectory, in as full a manner, as John Duke of Northumberland 
held the same ; (<he rent of 1 iLper ann. being reserved to the Crown) 
with all courts, letes, felon's goods, mercates, fairs, &c. 

in the said year, Sir Thomas Gresham purchased it of the Earl^ 
and in the 13th of Elizabeth, settled this lordship, with the rectory 
and advowson of the vicarage, on himself for life ; the reversion on 
Hath* Bacon, Esq. of Greys Inn, son of Sir Nath, Bacon, lord 
keeper of the gr^^at seal, and Ann his wife. 

This Nathaniel was afterwards Knight of the Bath, and Ann his 
wife was a natural daughter of Sir Thomas Gresham, by whom he 
had three daughters and coheirs ; Anne married to John Towntend 
of Raynham ; Elizabeth, to Sir Thomas Knevet, junior of Ashwell* 
Thorp ; and Winefrede to Sir Robert Gawdy of Claxton in Norfolk ; 
and on a division of the estate, this lordship came to Sir Tnomas 
Knttet, by Elizabeth his wife. 

Sir Thomas Knevet junior, dyins in 1605, Elizabeth, lady Knevet, 
afterwards setiled it on Nathaniel Kneoet, Esq. a younger son, who 
was lord in 1633* 

Edward Paston, Esq. lord in 174t. 

The tenths were fi/. — Deducted 3/. 

The Church was a rectory, dedicated to St. Mary, valued at 16 
marks, and was appropriated to the priory of Norwich, and a vicar-^ 
age was settled, valued at 6 marks, the cellarer of Norwich, had a 
pention of 109. oer ann. paid by the vicar, the present valor of the 
Yicarage is 4L Ds. Sd. and is discharged. 


In 1324, Robert de Langele, instituted vicar, presented by the prior 
and convent of Norwich, ' 

13i£8, William de Bynham* 

ISSl, John Goodrych. 

1340, Roger Pertroun. ♦ 

1355, John de Steynaston» 

1394, Oliver Mendham. 

1448, Edmund Trynok, instituted vicar, on the death of Jiffrey 
Danyell, by the prior, &c. 

168 M A R T H A M. 

Richatd Maryl died vicar 1728^ and Thomas Whaitc ancceeded^ 
presented by Simon Taylor^ Esq. ' 

On a grave-stone, the poartraitare of a woman in brass, and on a 

Pray for the soule tf Margaret Dookcy late the wife of John Dooke, 
nAo departed, S^c. in 15S9. 

On a window^ the arms of Dooke; or. three linns heads erased gules^ 
on a chief of the second, three mullets of the first. 

Orate p. a*ia Tho. Bunne, qui pavimentum hujus ecclie lapdib\ mar^ 
mords fieri fecit A^. D'nu 1500. 

The town probably takes its name from some rivulet. Hems, is a 
rivulet near Totnessin Devonshire. 

M A R T H A M. 

One part of this town, was a beruite to Algar Earl of Mercians manor 
of Hemes, which Aiwi, and Siigand, the Archbishop took from him, 
and gave it to his brother Almar Bishop of Ehnkam, (as may be there 
seen) who held it in King Edward's time, and was deprived of it at 
the Conquest ; consisting of 2 carucates of land, 8 villains, 3 borderers, 
and one servus, 2 carucates in demean, one anions: the tenants, and 
oO acres of meadow ; at tlie Conquest it was granted to William BeaU' 
foe, Llishop of Thetford, with Hemesl/y, as a hiy fee ; and with Hemeshy, 
was one leuca and a half broad, and one wide, and paid 30rf. gelt, va- 
lued at 26/. but at the survey at ^y/. ' 

In Martham S6 freemen, who were only under the protection of 
Almarm, Bishop of Elmham, had d carucates of land, and 10 acres, 
with 50 acres of meadow; and there were 16 carucates, then valued 
fit C)L but at the survey, at 8/. ICs. and there was a church endowed 
with 50 acres, valued at 50^.' Bishop Beaufae held this also as a lay 
iee, by a grant of the Conqueror; and on his death, gave both to his 
sec and successors, but Bishop Herbert, on his founding the priory of 
Norwich, settled it on that convent, by deed in September 1 101. 

Several families had an interest in these fees. 

In the first of King John, there was a pleading between Walter de 
Hiasifigham atid the prior of Nom;<cA, about lands here and in Hemesby^ 
and the family of De Guntonj had a considerable hiterest. 

\ , 

5 Terra Will. Fpi. Tedfordcnsis de i leug. et dim. et in tato. i Icug. ct dc 

Fcudo Martham, i berewiia p. tinet. geito. xxxd. 

isti. iDciiierio, ii car. tre. sep. viii vill. et In Martham xxxvi lib. ho'es Almari, 

iii burd. et i serv. sep. ii car. in d'nio. coni'darion'. tantu'. v car. terreet xac. 

et i car^ horn, et Lac. p'ti. 6ic. t'c. val. mo ten. W. Kp. ct l ac. p'ti. sep. xvi 

Xxvi lib. mo. xxix hb. et Martham ht. car. tc val. vi lib. mo. viii lib. etz sol« 

i ecdia L ac. et vaUxd. 

M A R T H A M. 169 

^^tihewde Gunton, granted by f ne in the 8th of Henry Ut. to 
fVii/iam, prior ofNorzdch^ the advowsoa of the church of Martham; 
who received Matthew^ aod all his men, or tenants to be partiouerK in all 
the prayers of their convent; and in the following year, he also gave 
9 acres of Jand here to master Jdatn de IVausin^nam, and his succes- 
sors, in the phurch of St. Afary, of Marlham, Adam paying to him 

Roger de Gutiton, probably son of Matthew, gave by deed sans datef 
to God and the church of the Holy Trimttf of Norwich, a messuage 
here, and 1-2 acres of arable land adjoining, Ia(e Mr. Adam de IVau^ 
nngkam\ free from all services, for the life otjsabeli de Castre his 
mother-in-law, and alter her decease, to the priory, paying to him and 
his successors 2.1. per a^/n.— witnesses, Reyncr de Burgo, IViUiam de 
Sta/ham, Knts. Robert de MaiUeby, &c. 

H'alter de Maltebi/ con\eyed by fine in the SSd of Henry III. to 
Simon, prior of Norwich, a messuage, with 3 carucates of lapd in this 
town, and Hemesby; who gave io'iValter 200 marks of silver; and 
all the land in Becham, wiiich the convent held there^ except the ad- 
vowsoa of the church. 

Abont the end of the reign of Henry III. in the time of William de 
Kyrkehy, prior, a survey was made of the prior's manor ; and it appears 
that there was 217 acres, id the prior's hands, and several benefactioos 
were granted. 

Robert, son of John, son of le Seneichal of Hemesby, gave 

lands to IViUiam the prior, paying 10s. per ann. — witnesses, Nir niU 
Ham de Redham, Sir fVimam de Fleg, &c. 

Robert, son of EHnodede RoUesby, confirmed the exchange of lands 
of his fee in Martham, made between Robert, son of Marine de Mar^ 
tham, and fVilliam dt Kirkeby, the prior; — witnesses, Robert de CaSf 
ire, William de Redham, Uervey de Faux, Knts. Richer de Martham, 

Simon Poche and Julian his wife, were benefactors. 

In the 15th of Edward I. the prior claimed wreck at sea, assise^ 
free warren, pillory, tumbrel, with the leie here and in Hemtsby; and 
in the said year Roger de Bavent and Elizabeth his wife, clain)ed view 
of frank pledge in the manor here, with John de Met hwold and Mar^ 
garet his wife ; Symon de Lynch, or Lincoln, and Cathetine his wife ; 
John de Crostweyt and SibilP his wife, held as parceners ; their wives 
were daughters and coheirs, with Julian, (wife of Simon Peche,) to 
John de Gunton, who died about the dth of Edward I. 

About the 24th of Edward I. when Henry de Lakenham was prior, 
Gcnain customs, &c. relating to the priory were as tollows. 

The manor was valued at 9/. Ifis. id, ob. per aun.^-^Uie aid paid was 
74«. ?</• od.— raverages of the villHin^ and tenants in soccage 20«. oft. 
} thai is for carriages of corn ; — a melt ot corn is mefiliiui* d, said to 
contain 4 i^umma's of barlej', a sunima, or seam being 8 bushels;— 
an ereing of land, that containing i2 acres; — the days works in au- 
tumn, were 3^f);~ reaping aa)s24l ; — in rvly-l>ays'w«)rk, 20 daj's, 
buKiing riaysS^2iiJ; — ^^ paid for clilching Vi2rf. ob. — carriage of dung 
22«. oc/.— making of barley SSs ob. — rent hens 103;— hanowing duy^ 

^ Reg. i £c. Cath. l^orw. fbh 95, ^ SibHll is sa-d to have married also 
105, ai5. John (le Gyoiinglum. 


170 \)U['ARTHAM. 


from the soceage teoaDts 26 ; — ^renU from the tarbarya in Sovik^Fem, 
and bnttkig on Marham Ljfng,4». ob^ 

The temporalities of the pnor in 1428i were yalued at 2\l. 185. lid. 

In the £Oth of Edward IV. the prior had a patent for a fair here, 
on the 5ih of Jugust. 

On the Dissolution of the priory, it came to the Crown, and so re- 
snained in the first of King Edward VL when on Naoember 9* ^he 
. impropriated rectory, with the patronage of the vicarage, was granted 
to the dean and chapter of Norwich, and was confirmed by parliament, 
bnt this lordship was taken from the charch^and not granted to the 
dean and chapter* 

In the reign of Queen Elizabeth it was in the Crown, valued at 
48/. ]&. 6d. per ann. 

Hugh Ellis had a lease of it, and afterwards the Clcres, and Sir 
Edward Clere held it in • 

The rent of tissise of the prior's manors here, in the 14th of Henry 
VIII. was 36/. 1 If. lO^^, — perquisites of court g/. *is. Bd. 

Laurence de Huntingfeld had a lordship in the 24lh of Henry III. 
held of the see of Norwich, by half a fee ; and paid an aid on the 
tnarriage of Isabel the King's sister, to the Emperor of Germany ; and 
in the 46th of that King, a fine was levied between Robert, son of 
Warine de Martham, querent, and Amabilia de Martham impedient, 
of lands. 

In the 9th of Edward II. John, son of William de Crostweyt, and 
Sibill his wife, convey lands to Robert, son of Warine de Martham. 

In 1322, there were certain disputes between the prior and Laurence 
de Huntingfeld, who claimed from the tenants of the prior certain 
services," but were compromised, on the prior's resigning all his right 
to the services of Laurence's tenants to him ; as be did to those of the 
prior ; and in the said year Bartholomew, son of Laurence de Hun' 
tingfeld, and heir of Juliana, daughter of Ralph de Bavent, Knt. his 
mother, late wife of Laurence, quitclaimed to tne prior, and confirmed 
the aforesaid agreement. 

Robert de Martham, about the I3th of Edward III. granted to the 
abbess of the nuns of St. Clare, without Jldgate, «0 marks per ann. 
out of his lands and tenements here, in Horsey, Repps, and nastwick^ 
dnrine the life of Catherine, late wife of John de Ingham deceased, 
son of Sir Oliver de Ingham, she being then a nun there. 

Thomas de Huntingjeld held half a fee in the 20th of Edward III. 
late Laurence de Huntingfelds. 


In the «4th of Henry III. Bartholomew de Burlee, or Brevyle held 
half a fee of the see of Norwich; and paid an aid on the marriage of 
his sister to the Emperor. t 

In the 5th of Edward II. Isabel, lute wife of Bartholomew de Bur* 
he, quitclaimed all right to the services of the prior's villains, as held 
by her ancestors ; — witnesses, Alexander de Clavering, Bartholomem 

* Reg* I. Cath, Norw« feh 170^ , 

M A R T H A M. 171 

de Samerion, KnU. and in the S5ih of Edward IIL Ralph, son of Sir 
Edward Gerberge, released to Sir Laurence Burke or Brevyle, and 
his heirs, all his right in the moieties of the manors of Martham and 
Giiiinsham, with lands in HemesbyfOrmesby^ &c. 

Sir Ltourence de Burley gave it soon after to the college at Cobham, 
in Kent, founded by John de Cobham Lord Cobham, by the license of 
Kin^ Edward III. ^o. 36^ Novr. \S, for 5 prifests, in the church of 

In^ the 39th of that King, Henry de Jpuldrefeld, senior, fFilliam de 
^pufdrefeld, Henry de Jpuldrefeld^ junior, and John King, chaplains, 
grant to Reginald de Cobham, clerk, John jideleigh, junior, John Tom* 
borow, clerk, the manor of Martham in Norfolk, with ail the lands they 
lately had of the gift of Sir Laurence de Burley of Kent, by deed, dated 
at Canterbury on Thursday after the feast ot St. Lucy the Virgin. 

In the 48th of the said King, Henry Bishop of fiorwich «gaTe li« 
cense to Reginald de Cobham clerk, to give this lordship immediately, 
held of him, to the master and priests of that college; dated at Nor» 
wich, on the feast of SL Andrew. 

In the said year, the master and fellows demise to John Lord Cob* 
ham, this manor for life on December SO. 

In the 4th of Richard II. license was granted to the master, 8cc. of 
this college, to amortise it to the priory of Norwich for I6L rent per 
tfim. with lands, &c« in East Chalk in Kent. 

Here it remained till the Dissolution, when it came to the Crown; 
and Queen Elizabeth, in her 28th year, November 23, demised to George ^ 
Brook, Gent, the site of this manor, with all the demean lands for 21 
yeara, at 4/. I6s. 4d. per ann. and on October 17, in the first of King 
James 1. a grant of the same, (paying the same fee farm rent,) was 
made to Sir George Hume. ' 

The said fee farm rent at the request of Sir Christopher Hatton, was 
given in the 6lh of that King to Sir William Hobart. v 

In the 14th of Henry VIII. I find Cobham Were's fishery let with' 
RandoFs flete at 26s. Sd. 

Here the Conqueror held 10 acres of a freeman of Earl Guert, and 
Almarus had the care of him in the time of the Confessor. This free* 
man ploughed with two oxen, and the land was valued at Sd. and 
being nncfer no particular fee or lordship, he was with some other 
fieemen and their possessions, added to the lordship of Causton^ a 
manor of 'the Conqueror's.^ 

This made (as I take it) part of the manor of Meys in Causton, which 
was part of the King's manor in that town, and granted off by King 
Henry I. to the family of De Mey,^ lord of it many years. 

Wtlliam Knightley of Norwich, Gent, as appears by his will, dated 
Octobir 12t 1547^ died lord of this manor of Meys here and in Causf- 
ton, and left it to Jgnes his wife, who was a sister of Sir Nicholas 
Hare, and George &ii^ley,VM. his son and heir, was lord of it with 
the apportenances in Hemeahf, Clipesby, 8cc. in the 10th oi Elizabeth. 

The Conqueror had ^ecied 2 fieemen out of their possessions here^ 
one of Guert and one of King Harolds, who held under their com* 

• la Martha" Rex. tenet i liha^lio^m. et sep. val. viiid. et hoc. toca e. in firma 
d'z ac* t're. sep. ^r. cu' duob; bovib; sup' dicta. 

• Reg. WysKT Norw. p. 57. 


M A R T H A M 

mendation 60 acres of meadow, and a caracate, &c. valued at 4»- bat 
at the survey at tis ^d. and belonged lo the manor of Orme^by.^ 

Godric also in Martham had the care of 30 acres of land, and of 3 
socmen who had 13 acres of land and 3 of meadow, and this was a 
bernite to the Conqueror's manor of Castre} 

llie abbot of St. Berimt had at the survey 2 socmen who had 10 
acres of land, valued at \xd. and besides this a iVeeroan of that abbey 
who had fi acies; and there were 3 acres and a half of meadow held 
by a blin«< nan, valued at 12d.* 

This on the dissolution of that abbey, was granted by King Htnry 
VIII. to the see of Norwich, on the exchange of lands. 

The tenths were 9/ 14s. Deducted 9/. 

The Church is dedicated to St. Mary, and was a rectory, valued 
at 37 marks, and given by Rogrr dt Gunton wi^h all its appurtenan- 
ces, with the consent of Sicholas his son and heir, in the presence of 
JVWiam Bishop of Norwich for the redemption of his soul, to the prior 
and convent of Norach} Witnesses, Ahhat Danyel (of Hoim) fViU 
Uam and Ko^er archdeacons, William de Hatting, Alan de Bellofas^o, 
&c. and this was about the year 1 16(), and was confirmed by the afore- 
said Bishop. 

John de Grey Bishop of Nornich, appropriated it to the use of the 
cellarer, with liberty to be served by stipendiary chaplains. 

Aftewards, by consent of the prioi- and monks, a vicarage was cn- 
dowed| by Walter Bish6p of Norwich in i9^. 


Thurbert was rector when Roger de Gunton granted it; on whoae 
death, John de Grey Bishop of Norwich, collated Jtffrey, dean of 
Norwich to It; but alter much suit between the Bishop and prior, be- 
fore the i!^rchbi^hop of Canterbury, the dean renounced his right on 
the Bishop's collation, and was instituted at the presentation of the 
prior and convent; and after this institution, with the consent of the 
prior and convent, he presented Master Adam de Wausingham his 
vicar; reserving to himself as rector, 13 marks per ann. out of the 
benefice, and settled .5 marks per ann. on the prior and convent. 

On Jeffrey's death, the ,said Adam possessed the whole church 
peaceably, payinc: the five marks per ann, to the convent; and on 
Adam's death. Bishop Blumvile granted the whole church to the uae 
of the monks. 

In the 8ih of Henry III. Matthew de Gunton, a descendant of -Ro- 
ger ffbovementioned, confirmed his grant of the church to the prior, 
&c. but Walter Bishop of Norwich, in 1246, settled a vicarage, with 
a manse, oblation«| small tithes, with a moiety of the hay.^ 

* Tcrre Regis- In Martham li lib. ♦ T'rc. S'ci. Bcnedicti de Hulrao. 

ho'ct i Gcrt alter Heroldi coni'dat. dc —In Martham ii soc. % ac. val xiid, 

Ix ar. t'rc. ft vi ac. p't'u tc. i car. p ct In Martha' lib ho. S. B. vi ac. ct iii ac. 

mo dim. to' ct p. ct iiii sol. mo. vi sol. quas ten. cocc; etdim ac p'ti. val. xiid. 

et viiid ct et in ccnni Ormcsbci. » Keg. Ecclcs. Cath. Norw. foL -41. 

' Tcrre ^cgis qua' Godric servat-—— —Reg i. fol. 31- 

In Martham Beruita xxx ac. t'rc. et ♦ Reg, x. Kc. C*th* Norw* fol. ^u 
p'tinet in Castre, et iii 80c. de zvac. t'rc. 
tt lu ac. p ti. 

M A R T H A M. 17s 


In ISlly Thomas de Langhale instituted vicar^ presented by the 
prior and convent. 

ISWyJohide Ecc/es. 

1821, nif/iam de Wkclewood 

1342, Thoinai de HalvergeU. 

1349. John Spjfre. 

fVtUiam fi^ardeboys vicar. 

1373, Andrew Read. 

1389, fyHtiain Northales. 

1392, Robert Tynmouth. 

l4i)5yJohn Ldinhnm^ alias Saltebu* 

1449» ^^ liiiam Bishop, succeeded Ed. Berry. 
Robert Allen died vicar 1487. 

On the dissolution of the priory, the patronage of the church came 
to the Crown, with tiie appropriated rectory, and were granted to the 
dean iind chapter of Norwich, on Nov. 9, in the first of Edward VL 
and so remains. 

Ralph Ovington was vicar about 1600, and succeeded by Robert 

1728, Js. Savage, by the dean, &c. of Norwich. 

1758, Thomas Bowman. Ditto. 

The vicarage is valued at 6/. 13s. 4<f. and is discharged. 

In the chancel a gravestone for Ed. Freeman Gent, who died 
July 12, 1649> aged 44. . 

One for the Kevd. Mjr. Thomas Dockwra, curate of this parish, 
who died in 1719. 

One for the Revd. Mr. Richard Morris, who died 1728, aged 74. 

Hicjacet Mr. Robt. Alen quonda Fieari. huj. Ecclie, qui obt. 3 die 
mentis Martij AD. m.cccclxxxvji. 

The church has a nave, a north and south isle, and a chancel. 
The chapel of St. Mary in this church mentioned in 150^ 
On a window in the north isle. 

Orate p. a*iab ; Rogeri Clark e* ----- - qui ist&fenestramfecerunt 

fieri honore beate Marie. 

In 1479> the chapel of St. Blide of Martham, Richard Fullere of 
Norwich, tanner, in 1522, gives to the repair of the chufch of Mar* 
iham^ where St. Blithe lyeth IO5. Here was the guild of St. John 

Koger de K. parish chaplain of Martham, in 1323, had license 
from the prior and convent, to teach grammar to 20 boys. 

jilau Earl of Richmond had here, the land that two freemen wer^ 
deprived of, containing 6 acres, and there were 20 in demeai^, and 
half a carucate.' This belonged to the lordship of fVest Somerton. 

^ Reg. Alablaster Norw. fol. 163. tham ii libi. ho'es et dim. de vi ac. t're. 
^ Terie Alani Comitis ■■■ In Mar* et ix ac, in d'oio. aemp. din. car* 



O B Y. 

RooBR Bigot, ancestor of the Earls of Norfolk, was lord of Obv at 
the survey, and Sfanart held it then of Roger. Ringulf, who was lord 
in the Confessor's time, being deprived, it consisting of 30 acres of 
land, half a carucate and 6 acres of meadow, and six freemen held 
under him SO acres of land, and one acre of meadow, with half a 
carucate; Roger Bigot laid claim to them by the gift of the king, 
and theV belonged to the fee of his predecessor Alwioi Thetfbrd, and 
were valued at 4s. 

Stanart also had under Roger in this town, the land of Godwin a 
free man, who was deprived, containing dO acres of land, and a caru- 
cate with 5 borderers ; and three freemen held under Godwin 15 
a<;res of land, one of meadow, and half a carucate, valued at 4t. and 
these Bigoi had as belonging to the fee of his predecessor jdlwi» 

The said Roger Bigot had the land of a freeman who was depri« 
ved of six acres of land, one of meadow, with 2 oxen, valued at 7d* 
per ann.^ 

Stanart or Stannard, who was enfeoffed of this lordship, had also 
another in this town, of the abbot of St. Benmt. 

In the 20th of Henry III. fVilliam de Ormesby held here and in 
Burgh, one fee of the Bigods, Earls Marshal;, and in the 14th of 
Edward I. William de Ormesby and Agnes his wife, were possessed of 
.. It ; and Alice Caly in the 20th of that King. 

William de Ormesby, the abbot of St. Bennet, and NicJiolas in the 
Willows, were returned to be lords in the 9tb of Edward II. and in 
the 1 1th of the said King, William de Caley and Catherine his wife, 
settled this lordship on themselves for life, remainder to John his son 
and his heirs. 

Sir John Kaley of Owby and Maud his wife, held it in the 10th of 
Edward III. and John Caly, parson of Rollesby, released to William 
de Caly his brother, all his claim of lands here, &c. in the 20th of 
that King ; and Sir William Caley and Alice his wife> settled on 
themselves in the 47th of the said reign ; remainder to the heirs of Sir 

William Caley, Witnesses Sir William Cardeston, ^Sir John 

Mauteby, Sir Edm. de Clipe^by, 8cc. 

. Sir fVilliam and Alice his wife, living in the 2d of Richard II. and 
in the 17th of that Kins;, Alice widow of Sir William Ca(y, by in- 
denture between her ana Dame Cecily de Kerdcston, Sir Bartholomew 

» Terra Rogeri Bigoti " In Obci. hom Goduin. xxx 9C. t'rc. mo. v bor. i 


XXX ac. t*re. et i ac. p'ti. sep. dim. car. de feudo Alwi antecessoris sui i., 

hos reclaniat R. Bigot ex cfono Reg. ct Qthebci i lib. ho. vi ac, t'rc. iac, p'd. 

ft de feudo AIwi a Tetforde antecessoris cu' U bovibus -val, viiif. 
sui*. sep. V9l. iiii sgl. In e4'd« tea. i lib. 

O B Y. 175 

de Bacon, and Sir Stephen Hales, kaigbts, settled this manor on her 
£ danghtersy Eve and Agnes ; remainder to the right heirs of Sir 
ffilliam Caly, who died in 1?80. 

Robert Newent, parson of Reefham, in the Sd o( Henry V. confirms 
to John Clipesby and Roger Harsyhe this manor^ which he had of 
the feoflPment oi Alice, widow of Sir William Calif, io them and their 
heirs ; remainder to the right heirs of Sir William Qaty, 

This John Clipesby, and Roger Harsyke, were the sons of Edmund 
Clipesby, and Sir John Harsyke ; who married the two daughters and 
coheirs of Sir William Caly and Alice bis wife 4 Clipsby marrying 
Eve, and Harsyke Agnes 

Alice, widow of Sir William Caly, and Cecilia de Kerdeston, were 
sisters, and daughters of Sir John ae Brews of Jopcroft ; and in the 
8th of Richard IL the Lady Cecilia de Kerdeston calls Alice, widow 
of Sir Roger Newent, her sister. 

John Clipesby, Esq. son of Edmund, on a division of the Calys 
inheritance, enj9ved this manor in the gih of Henry V. and let to 
farm 1^6 acres of land and the manor house; except the chiimbers 
on the east side of the hall, with the solary abore, and the chapel 
adjoining, with the stable, and free ingress and egress, perauisites of 
courts ward^j &c. and swan-mark at 20/. per ann. This John died in 

In this family it remained, till on the death of John Clipesby, Esq. 
it came to his three daoebters and coheirs. 

In the 37th of Elizabeth, it was found that Thomas Guybon, Esq. 
son and heir of Humphrey Guybon, Esq. of Lynn, was lord of Oby in 
right of Audry his wife^ daugnter and coheir of John Clipesby ^ Esq. 
as in Clipesby. 

The abbey of St. Bennet at Holm had at the^ survey one carucate 
of landj two villains, 10 acres of meadow, 2 carucates m demean, and 
two bovates or oxgangs belonging to the tenants, 3 runci, 2 cows, 6 
swine, valued formerly at 20s. then at 305. it was 6 furlongs long and 
3 broad, and paid 9^^. gelt, &c. 

There belonged to this manor 10 freemen under the protection of 
the abby, with 84 acres^ 14 acres of meadow, and 2 borderers with 2 

carocates, valued at 6s; A freeman also of th^ abbot had 23 

acres, and a carucate, and 6 acres of meadow, valued at 30s.' 

This lordship was given by King Canute to the abbey, on his foun- 
dation of the same* 

^nse/m, abbot of St. Bennet, granted to Richard, son of Stannard, 
the land of Quby, as free as Walter Rufiu held it in the time of 
Richer, the abbot, and to his heirs, paying 80 measures of bread corn 
per ann. and Ricliard gave of his free gift to the cellarer, 3s. per ann. 
payable at St. Michael.* Witnesses, William, the abbot's nephew, 
son of Harman, William de Redham, '8Cc. Richer was rector about 
1 125, and Anselm about 1240. 

■ T'rc. S'ci. Benedict! dc Hulmo— — com'd delxxxiiii ac. *ct xiiii ac. p'ti. scp. 

Orbi ten. sep. S. B. i car. t're. scp. ii ii bor. ii car. val. vi sol. In Houby 

vill. X ac. p'ti. in d'nio, et iibov. horn* i lib. ho. de xxiii ac. sep. i car. vi ac. 

in rune, ii an. vi por. tc. val. xx sol. p'ti. val. xxx. 

mo. xxx ht. vi qr. in long, et iii in lat. ^ Reg. Abbat. S. Bened. in fiibliot^ 

et de g. ixd. q'cq ; ibi ten isti manero, Catton. fol. 3. 

p'tinent x libi. ho'es Sc'i. Benedicti 

176 OB Y. 

WilliamiMjot, 1 127> 'do'. 28 of Henry I. confirmed the said grant 
of Richer the abbot, to Richard. 

IVilliam de -Ouhy, held in farm the abbot's lands, and was signed 
with the cross, vvhen there came a precept from Thomas Beckett 
archbishop of Canterbury, William^ bishop of Norwich, to endeavour 
by ecclesiastical lensOre to make Wiltiam de Oubj to restore tu the 
monks their portions, before he proce<'ded on liis journey, as fully as 
Richard his father received it of the abbots This was about the year 

Sir William de Owtby was witness to a deed, sans date, of Robert 
de Mauttby, about the year J200. 

W iiliam, son of Alexander de Sparham, confirmed to Robert, son of 
Reginald the priest, the grant of the lands of his father, and late 
Pettr de Oubey*s. Witnesses, Hugh dt Clipesby, Richard de Askeby, 
Herdxvin de Ciipishu. This was in the time of Henry II. , 

William, son of William de Sparham, confirmed to Roger de Suf- 
field, Wiltiam his brother and their heirs, all the corn land that be 
held 6f the abbot, in Ashby, Ohy^ Repps, Bastwick, with (he homages, 
rents, services. Sec. to be held of them, paying during their lives, 80 
minas of breadcorn, sans date. Witnesses, Sir Reyner de Burgh, 
Roger de Ormesby, Bartholomew de Somerton, Robert Bill, William 
de Heringby. 

Sir Roger de Svffield aind William his brother, grant to the Lady 
Dyonisia, wife of ^ir William de Sparham, a moiety of the corn land 
(or myne land) as her dower, for Hfe, tons date. Witnesses, Reymer 
de Burgo, Roger de Hemesby, &c. 

Sir Roger de Suffeld^a inlerebt herein came to his wife ; probably a 
daughter and coheir of Sir William de Oubu. 

Sir Roger*$ daughter and heir Christian, brought it by marriage to 
William Hempstede ; Hamon de HempUede his son inherited it, and 
by his daughter and coheir, Agnes, it came to her 'husband, Hugh de 
Caly, Symon de Hempstede^ her brother, dying without issue : and 
there was an agreement between this Hugh de Caly and Agnes his 
urife, and Adam, the abbot of St. Bennet, that as often as any of the 
heirs of Agnes should die, they should pay relief to the abbot for the 
lands they held of him in Flegg hundredj40 minas of breadcorn^ and 
no more ;' this was about l^OO. 

This Hugh and Agnes his wife, were living in the 6th year of 
Edward i. Agnes his widow in the ]4th of that King, as appears 
from a fine. 

Sir William Caleif Was lord in the I4th year of Edward I. as 
appears from a plesiding ; and the said William and Catherine his 
wife, settled it in the llth of Edwand 11. on their son John and bis 

In the 10th of Edward III. Sir John Caly of Owby and Maud his 
wife, seiiUd it on William their son by fine. 

In ttie 47 th of Edward III. Sir John Brews, &c. as trustees, set* 
tied this manor of Owby on Sir William Kaly and Alice his wife, 
and the l<eirs of their bodies, &c. Witnesses, Edmund de Ufford, 
William de Caideaton, John de Mauieby, Edmund de Cltpesby, 8tc. 

Ttiis Alice was oaugliter of ^ir John Brews, and aherwards mar- 

s Reg. Holm. fol. 131, &c.— *— Reg. Walsingh. fol. 105. Reg. Holm. fol.f44 

O B Y. 177 


rKed to Sir Roger Newent, and was bis widow in the lOtb of Richard the 

Sir William left by Alice his wife, 2 daughters and coheirs ; Eve, 
married to Edmund dc^Clipesby, lord in her right of O^y; and Agnes, 
to Sir John Harsyke of Southacre, lord of Hecham by ^netesham in 
her right; but it appears that there were two Edmunds de Clipesby, 
the father and the son. 

In the IfyiU of Richard II. the lords, at the request of the commons 
of England, that t)o^eyTe, or trayle le basiony nor any general oyer 
and determiner, should be holden till the next parliament, except the 
oyer, 8cc. in Norfolk, touching the death of Edmund Clipesby the elder, 
and Walter Cook, &c.* . 

It is a quaere which of th^se two Edmunds married the said Eve; 
and it seems that Alice, widow of Sir William, exifeoSed this manor, 
so that Edmund de Clipesby never enjoyed it, it being in the I8th of 
Richard FI. released by William Argenton, and John Geneye, knights, 
to the Lady Cecilia, widow of Sir William de Kerdeston. 

Robert riewent, parson of Reef ham, confirmed to John Clipesby, 
son of Edmund, this lordship, which he had with other feoffees, of 
the gift of Alice^ widow of Sir William Caly, 8cc.' 

Sir William Caly's will is dated October 11, in 1380, and proved 
November \ 1 following, bis body to be buried in the chancel of St. 
Mary of Askeby. 

Iq this family of Clipesby this lordship, with that before mentioned, 
remained, till the death of John Clipesby, Esq. the last heir male : 
and on a division of his estate among his daughters, this town came 
by Audrey, one of his daughters, to Thomas Guybon, Esq. (as may 
be seen in Clipesby) who was lord in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, 
and James I. 

Their son, John Guybon, Esq. inherited it, and was lord in the 
the reign of King Charles L and married Catherine, daughter of 
Francis Mapes of Rollesby, Esq. by whom he had Clipesby Guybon! 
Esq. lord in the reign of King Charles II. and by Bridget his wife, 
yi?LsjRiheT of Clipesby Guybon, Vi^tA 10 years in l6[)4; he mortgaged 
it to Colont'l John Harbord of Gunton, who was lord of it, and sold 
it to Thomas Doughty, a mercer in Covent Garden, ^ondon, and dying 
seised of it, ordered his execut.or,by his will, to sell it, and by a decree 
in chancery, it was sold to DrJ Humphrey Pridcaux, de^n of Norwich, 

in 1708; and in 1729, was bought by Le Heup, Esq. of 

Gunthorp, of—— Prideaux^ Esq. son and heir of the dean. 

In I&JO, I find these particulars relating to this lordship : ^*-Ouby 
Hall is a large house, built with brick and stone, having large bares, 
granary, maltbouse, stables, dovehouse, garden, orchards, fish ponds, 
&c. with timber worth 500/. the manor rents- of free and copyhold 
tenants, witd pmfits of court, valued at 6/. \s. Qd. per ann.; there were 
235 acres of good arable and pasture land, most inclosed^ in rich 
feeding marsh, and meadows, 345 acres, at l6s. peracre, and the malt- 
hoBse at 15/. per ann** 

Tlie tenths were I/. 8s. 

The town takes its name from a river near to it. 

♦ Cotton's Abridgement of the Re » Reg Hcydon. Norw. fol. 17S. 
cords, p. 347. 

VOL. XI. A a 


O BY. 


Sunnard, lord -i 
of Ouby. 

kichard, son of Stan- n 

William de Owby» ton 
of Richard 


Fako de Soffield 

William de Sufficld 

% r- 

Sir Willitm de Sparham^— 'dementia, daughter Cecilia, daughter •«- Sir Roger de Snffield. 

and coheir. 

and coheir. 


William de Hempsted. -y Christiana, daughter and coheir. 


Hamo de Uempstede. 


Sir William— Clepnemia, daugh* 4th, Symon de— Agnei, daughter and ^ Hugh de Caly 


ter abd coheir. Hem'pstede. 

obt. 8. p. 



Six William Caly, ^ Catherinci 

511 Wiiium ^aiy, -*- 
lord of Oby. I 

Sir John Caly. -p Maud. 

Sir William Caly -v- Alice, daughter of Sir John Brewt. 


Xdmond Clipeiby.-— Eva, daughter and Agnes, daughter and — Sir John Harsyke. 

coheir. coheir. 

Of the deicendanti of Edmund see in Clipesby ; the last heir male of this familyt 
• was John de Clipesby, who died in the reign of Queen £Jizabcth. 

Hump. Guybon, 1- Al 


ice, daughter of John Clipesby, Esq. •^ Julian, daughter of Mat- 
lomas Derham, lord, died. thew Ellis of Cheshire, 


Esq. ofC/imples- 

"^ / 



lat, Alice, -^Tho. Guy- ^ 2d, Audrey,^ Frances, daugh. Julian, daugh- — Sir Randolf 

daughter fA bon, Esq. 
Henry Ber- 
ney, Esq.of 

daughter and ' ter and coheir, ter and coheir. Crew, 
coheir. •« p. 

John Guybon, Esq. -j- Catherine, daughter of Francis llapes of Rolkabyt Eiq 

Clipesby Guybon, Esq. ^ Bridget, daughter of Thomu Blofield, Esq. 

of ■■ . 

Clipesby Guybon, aged 
XQ >^tn, 1664. 

THURNfi. 179 

I do not find from the institution books of Norwich, any mention 
of a chorch here ; the tradition is, that many ages past, it sonk into 
the ground ; but it seems to have been a hamlet to Aikeby, where the 
inhabitants at this day go to church. 

T H U R N E. 

RooBB B16OT9 ancestor to the EarTs of Norfolk, bad 21 acres of 
land, 4 of meadow, and half a carucate, of which a freeman was de* 
prived, valued at 4s. and Stanart held this under Bigot? 

The abbot of St. Bentut held one carucate of land with 6 borderers, 
and 8 acres of meadow, one carucate in demean, and half a carucate 
among the tenants, 2 runci, 6 swine, and JO socmen, 45 acres, 6 and 
a half of meadow, with 2 carucates, valued at 205. but at the survey 
at 26s. and %d. it was 5 furlongs long, and 4 broad, paid 9</. gelt, and 
several held lands here.^ 

The town takes its name from the river Thurun 

Bigofs lordship went always along with that of Oby, held by Sta^ 
nart, and was held of the honour of Fortuet. 

The abbot's manor was also joined with his fee in Oby, and passed 

as is there observed, being granted on the exchange between Kbg 
The Bishop of NortPicA's lordship in Askeby^ extended into this villa^ej 

Henry VIII. and Bishop Ragg, to the see of Norwich^ and so continues. 

and was united to that of the abbot's on his exchange, and is held oy 
lease of the Bishop. 

The Crunch is a rectory, dedicated to St. Edmund; valued for- 
merly at 40s.— P^'^er-pence gd. ob. — The present valor is 51. and was 
consolidated to Ashby in 1604, and the Bishop of Norvrich is patron. 


Reginald ie Qross, rector. 
1323, Ralph de Cp/6y, presented by the abbot otHolm. 
1356, Nicholas Hey lot. Ditto. . 

Thomas Longdate, rector. 
1384, John MarJ^eld. . 
1404, John Newton. 

* Terra Rogeri Bigoti-— ^lo Thura T'na' tctiet sep. S B. i car. t'le. sep. vi 

dim. Mb. ho. xxi ac. t're. iiii ac. p'fi. bor. viii ac. p'ti. i car. in d'nio. et dini. 

sep. dim. car. et sub. co. i Jib. ho. iiii car. horn. i» rune, vi pore, xsoc- zlv ac« 

ac. Sep. val. iiii sol. idem. (acii. Stanart) Vi ac. et dim. p'ti. ii car. tc. val. xx sol. 

ten. mo. xxvi et viiid.'ht. in long, v qr. et 

7 T're. S'ci. Beuedicti de Uuhno.— ~ iiii in lat. et ixd. de g., alij ibi teui 


1408, William Smith. 
141£y Johti GrtnthtUl. 
1417, John Wytton. 
1429, John Kentyng. 
1433, John Aite lUme. 

1436, Robert Dome. 

1437, Robert Cantell. 

1438, Thomas Alford. 
1441, William Reynold. 
1453, Thomas Sutton. 
1500, William Hunter. 

1526, Robert West, by Sir Robert C/ere, the abbot's assignee. 
John Grome. 

1559, Richard Grene, by Sir Thomas Woodhouse. 

1568,. George ^o//J by the Bishop. 

1578, Anthony Wilmot. 

John Ponder^ hy the Bishop. 

The rector paid tq the penitentiary of St. Bennet, 8s. per atm. 

Hugh Call gave to Edmund the rector, and his successors, half an 
acre of land, paying yearly to the church of Repps J 2d. — ^Witnesses, 
Sir William dt Sialham, William dc Billokeby, 8cc. 


Jdastwick, was a hamlet belonging ta the town of Repps. William 
de Beau foe, Bishop of Thetford had a grant from the Conqueror of 
the lands of two freemen in Bastmck, who were under the protection 
of Almar Bishop of Elmham, in King Edward's time, containing 30 
acres of land, 2 of meadow, atid half a caruqate, valued at 2^. but at 
the survey at 22d. and Beaufoe held it as a lay fee in his own right.* 

The abbot oi St. Bennet at Holm, had also in Bastwiek, a freeman, 
with 2 acres and a half under protection, valued at ^d. and Bastwiek 
was 6 furlongs long, 3 broad, and paid Sd. gelt; and in Repps the 
said abbot had 6 freeman, with 3^ acres, half a carucate, and ^ acres 
and a half, valued in the Confessor's time at 25. at the survey at 3s.^ 

Nicholas de Salieibus, Willows^ or Sallows, held in Rtpp^ and Cli^ 
peiby, a fee in the 20th of Edward HI. of Ralph de Holebeck, he of 
Rooert dt Caston, Robert of the Bishop of Norwich. 

In the 3d of Edward I. the abbot of St. Bennet had a lete here, 
and in Askby, 8cc. and in the 3d of Henry IV. John, son of John dt 

« Terra WHIi. Epi. Tedfordcnsis dc » T'rc.S'ci. Bcncdictide Holmo 

ieudo. In Bastuuic. ii lib. ho. Al- In Bastuic i lib.lio. S. B. com'd. ii ac. 

mari. Epi comd* tantu' et sub. ipsi alios et dim. val. iiiid. Bastuuic ht. vi qr, 

lib. ho. et h'nt xxx ac. t're. et ii ac. p'ti. in long, et iii in lat« et de g. iiid. In 

tc. dim. car. et mo. to. vat. ii sol* mo. Repes vi libi. ho'es xxxvi ac. ii ac. et 
zxiid. ^ dim. car. tc. val. ii sol* mo. iii. 


CKpesby, and John, son of John 3e Pickerifigphe\d here and in Clipsby, 
half a tee of Rohert He Mariham, he of Robert CarboneU, who held 
it of the Bishop of Norwich; and in the 12th of Henry \V. John de 
Clipsby granted it to li'iuiam de Clipsbyj with the appurtenances^ ex* 
cept the advowBon of the church. 

Bishop Btaufot on bis death, gave his lordship aforesaid to the see, 
where it continued ; and on the exchange of lands between the King 
and Bishop Rugg^ the abbot of Holm't tenures here came also to the 
tee of Norwich. 

jflan Earl of Richmond, at the survey, had 10 acres and half a ca* 
nicate ofland in Repps, held by «one freeman, 8lc. which was valued 
in his manor of Somerton; and in Bastwick 12 apresof land, and one 
of meadow, held by 2 freemen in King Edward^s reign, and valued in 

fVilliiUn, son of Alexander of Sparham, and Roger de Sufield, seem 
to have had an interest in this ; and in the 8th of Richard 1. Ralph 
abbot of Holme, conveyed by fine, the advowson of the church of 
Repps, to William and Roger, who gave lands to the abbot. 

Hugh de Caley and Jgnes his wife, grant to Hamon, master of the 
hospital of St. Gyles in Norwich, a messuage, 21 acres of land, with 
the advowson of ot Peter's church of Repps, BnA the chapel of Bast'^ 
wick, by fine in the 5dd of Henry III. About this time; here was a 
bridge, whijch was broke down in the 52d of the said King, by Simon 
de Pechy and Robert de Martham, in some writings wrote Basse fVyk, 
the Lovh'lVyk.' 

In the gth of Edward II. William de Ormesby had a lordship. 

Roger Bigot, ancestor to the £arls of Norfolk, held at the survey, 
the lands of 7 freemen; 4 of tbem were under the commendation oc 
protection of the abbot of St. Bennet, the other 3 under that of Almar 
(Bishop of Elmham) in King Edward's time, and owned 80 acres of 
land, with a carucate and a half, and 10 acres of meadow, valued 

Bigot had also in this town some freemen faielonsin^ to his lordship 
of Sutton in this hundred, as may be there seen : also in Bastwick, he 
had the lands of 2 freewomen oiEdric, and Rigulf, who had the pro- 
tection of them in King EdwartTs reign, 13 acres of land and one of 
meadow; and it was ploughed by 2 oxen, and valued at ]Sd* 

William de Scohies had one freeman in Repes at the survey, and 
was valued in his manor of Stokesby? 

In the 20th of Edward III. Peter de Brompton held a quarter of 
a fee of the Earl-Marshal. This came after to the Fastolfs. Nicho^ 
las FastolJ gvfinied lands by fine in the 4th of Edward U. to Nicholas 
Aleyn and Sibilla his wife, in this town, and Rolleaby. 

Alexander Fastol/hnd a quarter of a fee belonging to the Bigots, 
Earl-Milrshal in the 20th of Edward HI. which Peter de Brompton 


■ Terrc Alaoy Comitis In Repes t'rc. et x ac. p*ti. scp. i car. et dim. scp. 

i lib. ho. et dim. de x ac. t'rc. sep. dim. val. viii sol. In Hastuic ii libae. fe- 

car. app'tiati su't in Somertuna.^— In minae Kdrici ei Rigujfi xn'i ac. t're. 

Bastuic ii libi. ho'esp'tinentesinSomer. com'd. T. R. £. i ac. p'ti. et sep* ac» 

tuna xii ac. et i ac. p'ti. cu'ii bov. sep. val. xviiid. 

* Terre Rogeri Bigoti In Repes ''Terra Willi, dc Scol^ies, In 

vii libi. ho'es, iiii Sc^i. Ben. ii alii, i Repes i lib. ho. 
Aliuari £pi corodat, T. R. E. Ixzx ac. 




formerly posseraed. Mary Fastoif ht\d the same of the Lord Mowbray 
in the 4tb of Henry IV. 

Sir John FastolJ was lord in the reign of Henry IV. from him it 
came to the Pastons. John Paston, Esq. died seised of it in the 6th 
of Edicard IV. and Sir William Paston was lord in \51i,, being then 
called the manor of Rq^n ; and Sir William died lord of Repps cum 
Baslwick, A". l6l 1, held of the Bishop of Norwich. 

Roger de Eg^mere gave by deed, satis date, to the hospital of St. 
Gyles in horwich, the services and homages of several of his tenants 
in Baslwicky with all his pastures, reliefs, escheats, &c* 

The tenths of the town 4/. 5s. and of Bastzmck hamlet U. 14«. 

The temporalities of St. Bennefs abbey in Repps, were valued at 
Sf. 4d. of Norwich priory 9^. of Bromholm priory ttii 

The Church of Repps is dedicated to St. Peter, and the chapel 
•also. Ihe rectory \f as valued at 20 marks, together with BastWick 
chapel, and paid Pe^er-pence I4d, and Bastwick chapel 4^/. 

1 he patronage was in the abbey of Holm, till in the 8th of Richard 
the First, abbot granted it to Will, de Spar/iam, and Roger dc Sutfeld, 
Mr. Will, de Suffeld was presented to this rectory in 1248, with the 
chapel of Bastwick; he was brother to Walttr St^eld, Bisliop of 
Norwich, archdeacon of Norwich^ and heir to this advowaon ; he gave 
It to St. Gyles^s hospital, founded by the Bishop, and it was appropri- 
ated to it in I2dl, by Simon Bishop of NonrtcA, who instituted niiUam 
de Rollesby vicar, who was to have all the great tithes belonging to 
Bastwick chapel, with all the altarage belonging to Repps; but at his 
death, there were to be no more vicars, but the church and chapel were 
to be served by a stipendiary chaplain, found by the hospital^ who 
were to find also a chantry priest to serve daily tb Repps church ; but 
William Bi^liop of Norwich, in 1350, discharged them of thataenrioe. 

Tlie hospital of St. Gyles l>eing surrendered to King Edward VL 
March 6, 1547, the said King, on May ?, 1549, granted it with all its 
possessions, &c. to the mayor, sheriffs, and commonalty of the city of 
Norrcich, where it still continues, and is served by a stipendiary curat^ 
in their nomination, for 25/. per ann. 

In the church a gravestone. 

In memory of Thomasine wife of William Tincker, Gent, who died 
in 1659. 

Hicjacet Johs. Grevye Capells. qui ob. 145K 
Orate p. a fa. D'ni. Tho. Folsham Baccal. Capfli. 
Oratt p. a*ra. D*ni. Johs. Symonis. 

' The arn)s of Mautby, azure, a cross, or. On the font, quarterly, 
argenty and on a bend, gules, three mullets, argent, Clipsby. Also an 
escoicheon, and orle of martlets. 

Ihe chapel was in ruins in i6l8, when I find some of the stone 
belonging to the ruiiu granted. 

In the reign of King Henry, about 1250, Roger de Eggmere gave 
the service and homage of many of his tenants in Bastwick^ with all 
his (-astures, reiiet's, escheats, &c. to St. Gyles*s hospital, and the 
hospital puichased more lands here of him ¥Lnd jignes his widow; 
and James his son released all rents and services due from the hospital. 

R O L L £ 8 B Y. ltd 

Join de^oxUy in the 4th of Biehard II. aliened lands herr to the 
said hospital. 

In 11243, an agreement between the abbot of Holm^ and Isabel, 
daaghter of Robert de Castre, who was to pay 20s. jper anrn. for the 
release of 2 parts of the tithe corn of the demeans or the said ImbeU 
Reg* Holm. p. 80. 



I K RoheAjj a freeman under the protection 6f Jllmar, bisbop of 
Elmham, had 80 acres of land^ Q, of meadow, and 5 borderers ; and 
10 free men had 2 carucates ; this was granted by the Conqueror to 
'WilHam Beaujoe Bishop of Thetford, to be held as a lay fee, who 
had al30 by the said gran t^ SO acres of land here, which another free^ 
man held under the protection of Bishop Mmar, and of Alwald, 
abbot of St. Bennetts, who by his tenure had not power either to give 
away or sell this land ; one borderer belonged to it, with 2 acres of 
meadow ; and under Beaufoe there were 1 1 freemen with 40 acres 
of land, and 3 acres and an half of meadow, and these freemen had 
always two caruCates and an half among them, valued in King 
EdwarcTs time at lOs. at the survey at S0$^ 

Bishop Beaufoe at bis .death, left this manor and many others, to 
the see of Norwich. 

Roger de Biaunchevill (Whitfield) and Amabilia his wife, daugh- 
ter of Hugh Havere, grant by deed, sans date, to Matthew de Gunton 
and bis heirs, for 2 marks and a half of silver, 10 acres of land in fee^ 
which Hush held here of the fee of William Barr. Witnesses Sir JSe^- 
nard de Burc, Robert de Basnngham, Alexander de Faux, Nicholas 
de Scrotesby. 

Matthew de Gunton was lord, and left John de Gunton his son, 
who dying s. p. his inheritance came to his five sisters and coheirs : 
Juliana^ married to Simon Peche ; Margery y to John de MclzDOod or 
Methwold; Catherine, to Simon de Lincoln; Sibill, to John de Gim», 
ingham ; and Isabella to Roger de Bavent. 

In the 5ih of Edward I. there was a pleading wherein Simon de 
Peche and his wife, &c. claimed the patronage uf the charch of Rol* 
leiby, against Emald de Rollesby ; and in the 14th of that king, 
Juliana claimed the assise of bread, 8lG. and held half a fee of the 
bishop of Norwich, as part of his barony ; and William Peche, who was 

^ T're Willi* Epi. Tedfordens. de et hie erat ita in Mooastcrio qd. n. po^ 

Fcudo. i In Rolvesbjy i lib. ho. tcrat dare terra' s'um'nccvcndcrcsemju 

com'datus erat Almari £pi« Ixzx ac. i bord. ii ac« pti. et sub ipso xii libi. 

terre ii ac. p'ti. et v bord. et x libi. ho'es de xl ac. terre et iii ac. et dim. p'ti 

homines semp. ii car. In ea'd. RoU se'p. intr. eos ii car. et dim. tc« vat* x 

vesbcj i lib. ho. de Ixs^x ac. t're. Almari sol. mo. reddit xxx soU 
Epi, et Aluuoldi Abbatis com'd. untu' 

184 ROLtESBY. 

OTidawed forfelony, was found to have held in the 3l8tof the said reign, 
when John Pechey son of the said William, and Rote his mother, 
took the profits of it. 

William de Rippes and Thomas his brother, quitclaimed to John 
Bishop of ^onoichy and his successours, in the 3 1st of Hdward H. by 
deed, all his right in the manor and advowson, dated at London, 
^ March 21 ; witnesses, Sir Waiter de Norwich, Sir Richard de Playz, 
Sir William de CUi/don, Sir Richard de Ijcn, and Sir John ae Caston^ 
knights, Nicholas Fastolf, Peter Duffk^n, Sccand the Bishop entered 
on them as an escheat, on account of the felony of William Peche, 

After this, it was in the family of Bois, John Bois, Esq. of 
Coningsby in Lincolnshire, by his will, dated at Rollesbif in 1420, and 
proved July 10, 1421,' orders hi^ body to be buried in the church of 
the Holy Trinity of Ingham, and appoints Sybill his wife executrix. 

This John Boys of Rollesby, (son and heir of Johft Boys. Esq. 
lord of Coningsby) and Sibill his wife, conveyed in the 7th of Hairy 
V. by fine, the manor of Derby, in Lincolnshire, to Robert Feriby of 
• Burton Stather, in the said county, and Isabel his wife. 

* In the 23d of Henry VI. the lordship of Boys In Rollesby was set- 
tled by fine on Robert Mortimer, and Sibilla his wife, (probably a 
Bois) by John Damme, &c. trustee, and the heirs of Sibilla in tail. 

Brian Bois, of Rollesby, Gent, by his will, dated in 1483, appoints 
his body to be buried in th^ chancel before the altar of St. George "f 
names Ellen his wife, &c. executors, proved May, 1483. 

James Boys died lord Jpril Q4,ao. 1 Henry V ill. and Richard 
was his son and heir, aged l6. 

William Cappes and Etheldreda his wife, held it in the 32d of 

Henry WW. and in the 3d and 4th of Philip and Mary; and 

Cappes in 1372. 


Bartholomew de Marham granted by deed sans date, to Warine de 
Rollesby, with Agnes his daughter in free marriage, all his land in fee 
here ; except a tenement, out of which he gives one mark of silver 
rewiper ami. Witnesses, Peter de Meauton, Ralph de Candos, Adam 
Grose, William de Burc, Ptter de Martham, 

Agnes, widow of John Warine, was living in the 6th of Henry III. 
and granted lands to Warine de Waxstonesham. 

William de Rollesby was lord in the 14th of Edward I. 
* John, vicar of Ramsey, as trustee, settled on Richard de Berking 
and Joan his wife, 7 messuages, 100 acres of land, 12 of heath, &c. 
with 4s. tent per ann. in the 9th of Edward 111. and in the 20th of 
that King, Joan, with John Holheck,Hudi Isabel his wife, held a quar- 
ter of a fee of the Bishf>p of Norwich, which Robert Bill held in the 
time of Henry HI. 

Richard de Berking, in the S3d of that reign, by deed, dated at 
Rollesby, January S, grants to Roger de Estre/ord, clerk, &c. all his 

» Reg. Huming, fol. &a. • Reg. Belings Norw.— Of the Bois' 

family see in Honing. 

B O L L £ S B y. 185 

part of the manor of RoUesbg, and Filby, except a rood of land called 
OW Mill Mounts and the advowson of tilby churchy paying 20 marks 
per ann. Witnesses, Robert Clere, Robert Roltesby, 8cc. 

In 145 Ij, Sir Miles Stapleton and Ed. Clere of Castre, Esq. and 
Robert Bairiard, were feoffees of the manor of Rollesby^ for Thomaz 
Sotterly, of Sotterly in Suffolk, Esq. which he had devised to Elizas 
beih his wife» and heirs^ she dying before him ; he now orders it to bfe 
«oId^ and the money to be disposed of for the soul of ' the said 
Elizabeth, &c. but Robert Baynard was to have a refusal of the par- 

John de Berking and the heirs of Thomas de Upton, held a quarter 
of a fee of the Bishop in the 9d of Henry IV. 

John Smith, LL.D. chancellor of Norwich, gave by will, 1489, hi^ 
manor of Rollesby, to St. Gyles' s hospital at Norwich, for 80 years, 
and on license of mortmain for ever. 

On the exchange of land made in 1535, between Kine ffe/iry VIII. 
and Bishop R^gt these manors were conveved to the King. 

The abbey of St. Bennefs at Holm, had a lordship here in the reign 
of the Confessor, containing one carucate of land, with 6 villains ; and 
one carucate in demean, half a carucate among the tenants, &c. and 
8 acres of meadow ; and 1 1 freemen held under their protection 44 
acres of land, one of meadow, and half a saltwork, and % carucates, 
and had paunage for S hogs, valued then at £0s. at the survey at 

There now belongs to this manor 15 acres of land ; it was 10 fur* 
lones long, and 9 broad, and paid ^5d. 3 farthings gelt.^ 

This lordship continued in the abbey till the Dissolution, and no 
doubt, on the exchange of lands made between the King and Bishop 
Rttgg, was not, as I can find, granted to hi m, but was then vested in 
the Kine, together with the two lordships abovementioned, and so 
remained united, till fipranted (as some say) by that King, to Mary 
Dutchess of RichmofuL 

In the dd and 4th of Philip and Mary, Rollesby manor was granted 
December, to Anne Shelton for Ufe, free from all rent, and the wood, 
and underwood, only excepted. 

In the following year, on September 10, Edward Lord North had a 
grant of the same. 

The chamberlain of Sl Bennet had a pension of 409. per ann. 

Thomas Eden presented to the cbuirch as lord in 1586, and in 1591; 
and after that Meet Drury, Esq. who died lord in the 41st of Eliza^ 
beth, held by knight's service, and not in cofnte. 

Sir Drue Drury his son, by Catherine his wife, daughter of John 
Lovell, Esq. was kniehted At^ust 97 f 1603, who married Jnne, daugh- 
ter of l%of7ias Lord Surgh, Knight of the Garter, and was lord in 1625. 

Catherine, wife of Roger Drury, Esq. by whom he had Sir Drue 
was relict of fViUiam Luster. 

By an inquisition, taken at Norwich, January 15, in the 14th of 
Charles I. Francis Mapes, Esq. was found to die March 9, in the 

^ T're.S'ci. BenedictideHulmo. zlitii ac. t're. et i ac. p'ti. et dim. sal. 

In Rotholfuesby ten. S. fi. T. R. £. i ,sep. i car. silv. iii por. tc. val. xx sol. 
car. Ire. aep. vi vill. et i car. in d'nio. mo xxvi et viiid. Adhuc. p'tinent istt 
et dim. car. horn, vii pore, viii ac. p'ti. manerio xr ac. t*re. h't. x qr. in Jongo 
et zi libi, ho'es S'^ B. com'd. tantu'de et ix in lat. et 3uvd. de g. ctuiferding. 

TOL. XI. . B b J 


preceding year, lord of Rollesby Hall, and the advowson of that cliorcli, 
the manor of BoU*$ in Rollesby, and the manor of Berkin\ aliaa Bills, 
in the said town, and left 2 daughters and coheirs; Catherine,w\{e of 
John Gybon, and JnnCt aged 12 years. . 

In 1703, Leonard Mapes, Esq. was lord, and presented to the church, 
vho by Bridget, ds^v^ghter of Humphrey Rant, of Yelverton in fiorfoJk, 
left Leonard his son and heir in 1664, lord in 1687. Leonard M^pes, 
Eso. presented in 1708, and Leonard Mapes, Esq. was lord in 1740. 

koger Bigot, ancestor to the Earls of Norfolk^ had certain freemen 
here and in Reppet^ belonging to his lordship of Sutton, as there may 
be seen. 

The King had one freeman who had 15 acres of land; this Godric 
took care of for the King.^ 

In lUllesby Almarm took care of 8 freemen, and the moiety of 
another, who held under Gert 55 acres of land, in soccage, and six 
of meadow, and a carucate and a half, valued then at 45. at the sur- 
vey at 8<.9 who were under no particular lordship, in King Edwards 
time, but the Conqueror added them in farm to Caheston, that is to 

This Almar Was son of Godvuin, as said. 

The tenths were iL Qi. Deducted 20». 

The temporalities of Hicklmg priory were 18«.,- of Norwich priory 
Ss. ob.; of Holme abbey 495. and iOd* 

The Church of RolUsby is dedicated to St. George, and is a rec- 
tory. The ancient valor was SO marks, and paid Pe/cr-pence, 20i. q. 

Walter Rug was rector in the reign of Henw II. presented by Ri- 
thard de RolUsby ; and in the 24lh of Henry ll I. Robert Bil granted 
by fine his right in the advowson to Roger de Gunton. 

In the 4lh of Edward L William, son of Arnold de Rotteiby, sued 
Julian de Peche for this advowson, which his ancestors possessed, and 
after released it to her by fine. 

In the £Oth of that King, a fine was levied between Robert Bur- 
nell. Bishop oi Bath and Wells, and in the S2d another between Philtp 
Bwmell, cousin and heir of the Bishop, and Simon de Uncolnia and 
Catherine his wife, of their right in the advowson, with the moiety of 
Gunton manor. 


William de Anmere occurs rector in the 22d of Edward I. 

1802, Alan de Ely, collated by the Bishop of Norwich, archdeacon 
of Norfolk. 

1303, John de Caytty, by Sir William de Ormeaby, hic vice. 
, 1321, Brminus de Lavenham, by the Bishop, plena jure, 

1S«4, Mr. Laurence Folstaff; be was dean of St. Cha^s in Shrapshsre. 

1327, Mr. Jo An de Sky r en, by the Bishop. 

' • Tcrrc Regis qu' Godric. scrvat— — t'rc in s«ca, et vi ac. p'ti ic'p. i car. ct 

In Rotholfucsby i lib. ho. de xv ac. dim. tc. val. iiii sol. mo. viu in firm. 

I're. CalTCstune ted T. R. Et a'p'tumcrgn^ 

9 Et in Rothb'fuesby ten. ide' Almar. et ibi s't ad^iti* 
siii lib. bo'es et dim. tub* Gcrto* Iv tac« 


^ R O L L E S B Y. ' . 187 

1SS7| Mr. Gilbert de Welleton, Juris Ctvi&t professor^ master of the 
hospital of Tybebum io London diocese. 

1398, John de Fktt. 

1340, WaUer Hurry. 

1349, Simon de Rykeuhale. 

lS6l, Simon de Babingley occurs rector. 
Mr. Bfibert de Sutton, rector. 

1377> Nicholas f soa of Arnold de Lyons, oiWesion* 

1401, Thomas Bradmore. 

1424, James Audeley. 

1436, William Thrulby. 

Mn John Selot, rector, archdeacon of ^uiAttfy, 1462, chao- 
cellor of Norwich, Decrei. Dr. 

1449, John Knolls. 

1453, William Hoper Decret. Doctor. 

1454, John Brygge. 

John Buunan, rector. 
1497, Bartholomew If orthem. 

Nicholas Car. LL. D. rector in 1519, dean of Chapelfield 
boose, and chancellor of Norwich. 
1531, Williim White, LL. B. 

1554, Hugh Twyford, hy the assignees of IZic/iar J, late Bp. of Norv. 

1555, Mr. John Blomevylc. Dttto. 

1586, Baldwin Easdall, by Thomas- Eden of Martham. 

15S9, William BoUinge. Ditto. 

1591, John Ponder, LL. D, Ditto. # 

1625, Hamo Claxton, by Henry Claxton, Esq. assignee of Sir 
Drue Drury. ^ 

1663, Henry Julyan, by Leonard Mapes, Esq. 

1671, John Smith, by John Smith, clerk. 

1684^ John Gibson, by Christopher Betts. 

1708, William Adams, by Leonard Mapes. 

1742, William Adams, by ditto. 

The present valor is 17 1. 

Leonard Mapes, Gent, patron in 1742. 

On the north side of the chancel is an altar tonib of freestone, with 
the effigies of a woman, resting her head on h^er right hand. 

Ron Claxton daughter and heir of William Lyster, and wife to Fras^ 
cis Claxton departed this life the dOth day of May in the year of our 
Lord, 1601, in the ^Sdyear of her age ana 7 th year of her marriage, 
teamng to the World no living testimony. But her virtue was here in- 
ter red with excessive tears of her friends, especiaUy of her sorrowful 
husband, who hath made his heart a treasury of her excellent virtue, and 
this sepulchre one part of his perpetual love. 

With the arms of Claxton, gules, a fess, three boars passant, or, &c. 
quartering or, a fess quarterly, azure, and giiles, between three mus- 
cles of the 2d, Crekeman ; and azure, three piles, wavy, or, with a 
canton, ermin, Stafford; and in the last qurier guks, a bend, vairy, 
argent and azure, between two cotises or, Bouyar, and impaling 
JLyster^ ermine on a chevronel, sable, three muliets> argent. 

On the south side lies a gravestone, where probably Bryan Boys^ 
Esq. was buried ; in the window near it are l;he arms of Boys, 



A stone ia memory of 

Annaiileane uxor charissima Tkoma$ GUane Atmip, obt. Sexto 
Die Januarij Ao» D'ni. 1680 ;-" — and ermine, on a chief sable, three 
lions rampant^ argent, Gleane impaling Mapes. 

In premature • «.- - ^ memoriam Philippi Mopes Gleane JU^ Z%9. 
Gleane Armigi. Anneq; Uxoris, obt* Junij 12, loSO. 

On a mural monument. 

Here under resteth the bodie ofLeond. Mapes of Beeston next Nor^ 
mch Esa. who had issue by Katharine his wife 7 ^ons and 2 daughters. 
He depa. this life February 4; 16 19* 

jllso the portraitures of him, his wife and children, and on the 
summit of tne monument the arms of Mapes, uible^ a fess fusily or ; 
—Kir four fusils in fess, or, impaling Southwell and Mapes, impaling 
per pale, argent, and sable, an eagle with two necks aisplayed, ana 

Here were the guilds of St. Mary, St. George, and St. John Bap- 
tist, also their lights and those of St. Thomas, and the rowel light 
before the cruciBx. 


tVihunmard held at the Conqueror's survey a considerable lord* 
ship under Alan, the great Earl of Richmond, of which A^ric had 
been deprived, it extending also into Winterton. Alfric was a freeman^ 
and seems to have held it under the protection of King Herold. 

It contained 3 carucates of land, 4 villains, ) 1 bosderers, 6 servi, 3 
carucates in demean, with one and a half among the tenants ; 30 
acres of meadow, one sallwork, and the moiety of another, and 9 free 
men had 2 carucates of land. There were 3, runci belonging to the 
hall or manor-house, and 2 cows, 12 swine, 100 sheep, &c. with 20 
acres of meadow, but 2 of the freemen, and the moiety of another, 
did belong to St. Bennetts abbey, but Godram seized of them in the 
time o( Ralph Earl of Norfolk, and 3 carucates belonged to it 

And at the survey there were 7 socmen with 67 acres, and a cam* 
cate and a half of land, valued in the whole with the socmen in the 
hundred, at 5L; it was one leuca and 8 furlongs long, and 10 furlongs 
broad, and paid SOd. gelt.* 


■ Tcrrc Alani Gomitis In Spmer.' ac. p'ti. et i sal. ct dim. ct ix lib. ho'es. 

tuna' tenet Wihuamard au' tenuit Alfric 11 car. tTe. se'p. iii r. in aula et ii aiin. 
T.R.E. S. homo Herolai iii. car* t're. tc* xii pon mo. xxiiii tc. c ov. mo. cc 
tc. iiii villi, p et mo« ii se'p. ii bord se'^. x por. et xx ac p*ti. et duo dim. 
Ifnc. vi «er p et mo ii semp. iii car. in ex istis fuer. S' d. Ben de Hulmo. et 
d'aio se'p* i cari et dim* ho' zxz 'Godram. iovaiit te'pr R Comitis se'p. 




Many persons had an interestj and held parts of this lordship under 
tlie Earls of Richmond. 

King Henry IL or Richard I. gave a part of it to Ralph de Glaii' 
mle,- Lord Chief Justice of England, who founded the priory of Butley 
in Suffolk, and an tiospital in nest Somerton, for the King's soul^ his 
own, and that of Barta his wife, for 3 lepers, and gave the care or 

5aardianship of it to the said priory, and was confirmed by Pope 
nnocent III. and Honorius HI. 

fVUliam de JuberviU, "svho married Maud his eldest daughter and 
coheir, gave the adrowson of the churches of fVest Somerton to the 
aaid hospital/ in the £Otb of Henry 1(1. with the 3d part of the ad- 
Towson of the churches of Upton and Chadgrave in Norfolk, Wanton^ 
Amil, Benhale, Baudesey, Pinburgh, and a moiety of the church of 
Gienham Parva, with lands in Butley and Stratford by fine to the 
priory of Butley. 

In the 6th of Edward I. William son of Henry de Gyselham and 
Isabel his wife, gave by fine to the priory of Butele, lands and tene- 
nients here in Repps, Bastwick, and Martham. 

In the 14th of that King, the prior claimed view of frankpledge, 
assise of bread and beer, as part of the barony of Richmond, held by 
him* In \9QQ, the temporalities of the priorv in West Somerton wer6 
taxed at 7U« and 4d. by Mr* Thomas de Skernyng, archdeacon of 
Suffolk, and Mr. John de Fleniyug, canon of Lincoln. 

In the 30th of Henry Ylll. Thomas Manning, then suffragan 
bishop of Ipswich, and prior of Butley, conveyed this their manor by 
fine to the King ; and King EdwaraVL in his sixth year, gave it to 
Edward Lord Clinton. 

In the reign of Queen Elizabeth, Sir Thomas WoodhouSe of Waxham 
was lord ; and his son Sir Henry conveyed it about the 19th of that 

aueen, to Sir Thomas Rivet, merchant of London, and alderman, with 
le impropriated rectory; and by Muriel, eldest daughter of Sir 
Thomas, it came to Sir Christopher Heydon of Baconsthorp, who sold 
it XoHenry Hobart, Esq; of Blickling, afterwards ajudge and a baronet. 


This was also a part of the great lordship of Alan Earl of Rich* 
mond, and eranted in 1312 by King Edward IL with the manor of 
Cossey in TSorfolk to Sir John de Clavering, (lord of Horsjord,) for his 
life ; and on nis death. King Edward III. in 1329, gave it to Sir £0- 
bert de Uffbrd^ and was held by him in the 19th ofthat Kingi beine 
then Earl of Suffolk, from whom it took the name of the Earl's Ma- 
nor, and had a lete here and in Winterton, into which it extended. 

William de Vffordhis son, Earl of Stiff oik, in the 5 th of Richard IL 
was found to die seised of a messuage, 40 acres of land 3s. and 7d, rent 
in Somerton and in Winterton. 

Edward Clere, Esq. and Frances his wife, sold to Sir Thomas Wood* 
house, Knt. of Waxkam, the. manor of Earl's in 1564, containing 13 

ill car et adhuc sn't ibi vii soc. Izvii ac. hund* et h't i leiig. in long, et vili qn 

t're. te'p'. i car. et dim tc. et p hoc tutu' «t x in lato. 

val. V lib. mo. ix lib, cu' soc« q tu't in * Chart. Prior, de Butteley, fbl. 5s« 


measaages, 15 cottages, £00 acres of land, 40 of meadow, 40 of paa- 
lure, 2 of wood, 40 of heath, 40 of marsh, with 40f. rent, liberty of 
foldage, and the advowson of H'interton. 

Sir Henry Woodhoute succeeded bis father Sir Thomas, and had 
livery of it abcut the 15th of Queen Elizabeth^ and presented to the 
church of fVinterton, with the chapel of East Somerton in 1577, and 

In the 5d of Henry III. Robert de Hensted was found to hold one 
fee in Somerton of Ralph de Gemon, and Ralph of the lord ofAngre, 
and of Margery de Riparijs or Rivers, lady of Angre. 

This family held the manor of Sporle in Norfolk of the Earl of 

The tenths were 8/. 85. Deducted 1/. Os. 4d. 

The church and chancel of fVest Somerton is thatched, and has a 
round tower, the upper part octangular ; it was appropriated to the 

Eriory of Buttley in Suffolk, by John of Oxford Bishop of Oxford, 
efoie the year 1200, and was confirmed to them by William de Au* 
bervill, who married Maud, the eldest daughter ana coheir of Ralph 
de Glanvile, the founder of that priory, who gave the advowson to it. 

On (he appropriation a pension, ot 30s. per ann. was settled for a 
vicar ; but it appears to have been always served by a stipendiary ca« 
rate, the rectory was taxed at 18 marks, and paid !re^€r-pence I5d. 

In the 14th of Edward I. Hump, de Bessingboum and Mary his 
wife, claimed an interest herein, and after a long suit settled the ad- 
vowson on (he prior, who paid to them 209. 

This Hump, was lord of Wicken in Cambridgeshire, and made a 
claim in right of his wife's ancestors. 

In 1512, tjie rectory was leased by the prior to William LacocA, 
' canon regular of Bromere in Wiltshire, fqr 7 vears, paying Si. per ana* 
and he was to bear all charges, synodals and procurations, &c. and 
to serve the cdre; there are in the regis(er of Builey, late Peter It 
NeviSf Esq. many evidences relating to tbi^ priory, and agreements 
between them, and the rectors of H'interton, and the prior of Nor* 
wich about tithes. ' 

At the Dissolution it came to the Crown, with the manor, and was 
granted (with the hospital manor, &c.) by King Edepard VI. in his 
0th year, to Edward Lord Clinton, 

Sir Thomas Wodehouse had the impropriate rector; ; and Sir Hemry 
bis son, who conveyed it to Sir Thomas Rivet, merchant and alderman 
of Loudon, and of Chipenham in Cambridgeshire, second son of 7%o- 
mas Rivet of Stow^market in Suffolk, by Joan his wife, daughter of 
Thomas Raven, who gave it with Muriel his eldest daughter, by Alice 
his fiist wife, daughter of Sir JoAn Cotton of Landwade'm Cambridge^ 
shire, in marriage to Sir Christopher Haydon of Baconsthorp in Nor^ 
Jfo/k, who bold it to Henry Hobart, Esq. of Blickling, aftewards a 
judge, and Bart, who was lord in the 17th oi James the First; and 
ou an inquisition taken in 16S4> Gyles Killingworth was found to die 
possebsed of it, and James his son and heir was aged 15. 



Stigand Archbishop ot Canterbury was lord io the time of the 
Confe^or^ anil was a lay fee; Arehistt, a freeman of his holding it 
under him, with half a carucate of land^ 12 villains, 1 1 borderers^ 6 
acres and a half of meadow, one saltworks and the moiety of another ; 
there was one caracate in demean, one and a half among the tenants, 
4 mnci, 8 cows, 140 sheep, with £ skeps of bees. 

Besides this there were 19 socmen, with 4 carucates valued at £0s. 
at the survey thd Conqueror was lord, and, William de Noiers was his 
steward, and of the threat lordship of Mileham in Norfolk. 8cc. the soc 
belonged to the hundred of West Flegg, and Archhti had power to 
sell it, without the license of Stigand? 

In the reign of King William II. this lordship was granted by that 
King to WiUiaih de Albini bis butler, ancestor to the Earls of Arun* 
del, and was held of him by the family of D^ Somerton, 

Hugh de Somerton, who married Sman, sister and coheir of Gosce* 
Sne de Lodnes, was lord, and father of Ralph de Somerton, whose son 
Rahh de Somerton left a daughter and coheir Alice, who married 
WiUiam de Buekenham, and was father of Ralph de Buckenham, who 
was a benefactor to Windham priory in 1256. 

In the 12th of Henry 11. Ralph de Somerton paid 60s. pro reirean* 
tia,* for his cowardice in refusing to fight ; the father probably of 
Ralph abovementioned, and in the l«5th of King John, Beatrix de 
Somerton resigned to William de Lions and Alice bis wife, lands in 
Somerton SLud Winterton, claimed by Alice, as her dower, being the 
lands of William de Reedham, her former htisband^ 

Bartholomew de Somerton was lord in the 41st of Itenry III. and 
sned Beatrix de Flegg, about a way through certain grounds; and in 
the 4tb of Edward 1. Alecpander, son of Richard Fastolf, and Bartho* 
lomew de Somerton agreed by fine to present alternately to the church 
of East Somerton, and thc'church of Winterton. 

In IdlOi Sir Barthohmew de Somerton presented to the church of 
Winterton, and chapel of East Somerton. 

Sir Bartholomew is said to have left Thomas de Somerton his son and 
heir ; on whose death this manor is said to have been divided between 
his seven heirs. 

In the 6th of Edward III. William Briton purchased of Robert 
Fastolf, lands, &c. in this town and Winterton; in the 8th of the said 

< Tre Sdgandi Epi. quas custodit W. vasa apu' adhuc su't ibt zix soc. et i car. 

de Noiers in nianu Regis. Somertuna tre. et iii car. sep. val. zx sol. et banc, 

tenuit Archisti i libu'^hom' d. i car. tre. t'ram ten. W. de Noiers in firma de Me> 

temp, ziivill et xi bord. et vi ac. et leha et soca e. in hund. et potuit'ea* 

dim. pti. et i lal. et dim. semp. i car. in vendere sine licentia Stigandi. , 

d'nio. et i car. etdim. bom. et semp. iiii « Madax Hist. Exch. p. 3Sa« 
r. ic« viii aot et semp. et cxl ov* et ii 


Kine> Richard, son of Walter Fileby, recovered the yearly rent of 5 
marRs, from Robert Falstoff out of the manor of Samerton; and in 
the ]6th of the said reign, William Bretun o( Wichinsham and Eliza^ 
beth his wife, conveyed by fine to Robert Clere and Alice his wife, 

daughter and heir of • Filby, of Filby in Norfolk, the advow- 

son of the chapel of East Somerton, and in the said year Edmund dc 
Melliers and Ellen his wife, conveyed their right to kobert Clere aod 
Alice his wife ; the family of De milliers held lands in Hapsbtirgk of 
the Earls of jflbini, and these inherited the estate of Sir Bartholomew 
de Somerton, in Somerton and Winlerton* 

In 1342, Robert de Clere, as lord of Winterion and Somerton, pre- 
sented to the church of Winterton and chapel of Somirton in 1342, 
and Aliu his widow, in 1359i and in the same family it remained in 
1545, when Sjr John Clere, presented, who died lord and patron in 
the 3d and 4th of Philip and Mary, August 21* Sir Edward Clere 
his son sold it to Sir I'homas WoodAouse of Waxhdm ; about the year 
1564, Henry Woodhouse, Esq. presented as lord and patron in 1577^ 
and by bis assignees in l60I. 

John Stotevyle and Richard, hired Flegg-hall manor of the Mautbys 
in 1414, at 5 vnavVmper ann. 

Thomas de Stotevile had also an interest here, holding tenements, 
lands and services. 

Catherine, wife of Richer Stotevile, late wife of Stephen Fourbuhour, 
died in 1438, and Catherine Stanhow, of East Somerton, widow, by 
her will dated April 9, 1459,' gives legacies to her son-in-law John 
StotevilCf and to Joan his wife, her daughter, by Ralph Stanhow^ ber 
late husband, and appoints a chaplain to pray for her soul, that of 
Ralph her husband, and of Joan resenhale her mother in East Somer^ 
ton church. 

William Stutevile, was son of John, and had considerable lands in 
East and West Somerton, fcc* be was buried as by his will in 1495, in 
\he church of St. Mary of Somerton, by Joan bis wife, and names 
A^es his executrix. 

in Somerton William Beaufoe Bishop of Thetford had a fee at the 
survey, but as this went with his> lordship of ninterton, I shall there 
treat of it. 

There was formerly a chapel in East Somerset, into which the rec- 
tors of Winterton are instituted, but has been in ruins many years; it 
was dedicated to St. Mary. 

The tenths of East Somerton were 5/. 4s. — Deducted 14*. 

The towns of Somerton take their name from some river, or meer. 
Some, and So, being names of rivers; Somegill is a river in Radnor- 
shire, thus Semerton in Sussex; Somerford in Wiltshire; Somer$hamp 
and Soham in Cambridgtshire; Solesby in Yorkshire; Sowick in Lan^ 
4ashire, 8cc 

' Regi^. Doke, p. 130, and Reg, Wiiby.. 



IVi LLi AM Be AUFOB^ BUhop of Thetford held here as a lay fee 
two socmeDj with 10 acres, and half a carucate "beloDging to bis 
capital lordship of Hemesbyp and was valued with Hemsby and Mar- 
tham at 26/. at the survey; in the. time of the Confessor at £9/. and 
was, with Hemesby, one leuca and a half lone, and 10 furlongs broad, 
and paid 30d. geft. Jl^ar Earl of Mercia had been deprived of it. 
He nad also the lands of a freeman, who was deprived, and lived under 
the protection of St. Bennet^$ abbey; 60 acres of land, 3 of meadow^ 
5 borderers, and the moiety of a saltwork, with one carucate belong- 
ing to him, and under him' was a freeman with 4 acres of land> valued 
at 2s. but at the survey at 4s,^ 

There were in the Confessor's reign 8 freemen, who lived under the 
protection of Almarus, (Bishop of Elmham, and brother of Stigand) 
and held 14 acres and half a carucate of land, valued then at Sd, at 
the survey at24(f. and were deprived, and possessed by Bishop Beatifoe. 
And in Easi Somerton there were 3 freemen in King Edward's time 
bad under the abbey of St. Bemet 106 of land, 9 of meadow, 9 bor- 
derers, with a carucate and a half valued always with a church at 
4*. 8rf.7 but after Tosti left England, Bernard held it, and was 

The church here mentioned was that of East Somerton, and at that 
time was a distint parish, and had its own rector; Tosti was one of 
the sons of Godtgnn, Earl of Kent, brother of King Harold, and fled 
out of England in 1051, as a rebel (with his father) being Earl of 

Bishop Beaufoe at his death gave all these fees abovementioned, to 
his successours in the see, and Herbert Bishop of Norwich, on his 
foundation of the priory of Norwich, settled them on that convent. 

The ancient family of De Basingham, lords of Basingham, held it 
of the priory. 

Eustace de Basingham was sub-collector of Norfolk, in the 15th of 
King John, under Robert Fitz-Roger^ 

Sir Peirs de Basingham, left three daughters and coheirs ; ChriS' 
iian, the eldest married Sir Walter de Mauteby; Margaret, the second, 

• Trc. Will. Ep. Tcdford dc fcudo ^ in Wintrctuna yiii lib. ho'cs Al- 

— la Wintrctuna ii soc. x ac. et scmp. mari comd. tantu. xiiii ac. terrc. semp. 

tf m. car. tc. val. xxvi lib. modo. xxix dim. car. tc. val. viiid. mo. xxiiii. 
lib. ht» totu'. i leiig. e€ dim. in longo In Somcrtuna iii lib. ho'cs T. R. B. 

€t in lato x qr. et de gelto xxxd. ^In sed. postq. Tostius exijt dc Anglia Ber- 

Wintretuna i lib. ho. ^\. Ben. dc Holmo nard. fuit i ecc'lia S. Bcned. dc Hulmo. 

comd. tontu* lx ac. trc. iliac. p'ti. scmp. tenuit cvi ac. terrc ix ac. p'ti. scp. i 

V bcrd. et dim, salioae scp. i car. ctsub. bord. sep. i car. ct dim. scmp. val. ii 

CO. i lib. ho. de iiii ac. terrc tc. val. ii aol. et viiid. 
sol. mo. iiii. 

you xu C c 




marrieil Sir John de Flegg^ and JUce was the wife of Sir Peler dt 
Brampton, among ihew^^iannghanCs lordship was divided. 


Sir Johnde Mauteby was lord in 1S74; John Mauteby, Esq. the last 
heir male of this family (of which see in MauUby) leaving an only 
daughter and heir^ Margaret, brought it by marriage to John Paston, 
Esq. of Paston, in the reign of Henry VI. in which family it continued 
in 1740^ when the Right Honourable Earl of Yarmouth was lord. 


Sir John dt ttegg was lord in right (as I have observed) of Margaret 
his wife; the FUggi Ijad an interest in this town in the reign of Henry 
II. when John Bishop of Normch, and Gerard, the prior, and con- 
vent granted in fee to Henry, son of Algar de Fle^, 8 acres and 3 
roods of land here in soccage, and 10 acres .in Dodeholm, which Nt- 
g€/rformerly held of them, at 4s. 4d. per ann. Witnesses, Geffrey^ the 
archdeacon, Arthur, Roger, and WiUiam de Flegg, were witnesses to 
a charter of Eborard Bishop of Norwich. 

Theobald de Faloins granted to Henry de Flegg and his heirs, all 
the fee which he held <? him in Winterton and Somerton for Ss. per 
ann* for which he formerly paid 20s. sam date, but in the reign of 
Richard I. witnesses, Jeff. Fitz^Piers, Itutice Robert de Fafaines, 
William Clere, Thamat de Vahines, and John his brother, Martin and 
Oibert de Somerton, &c. 

Henry de Flegg was father of John de Flegg ; Beatrice de Flegg 
was wife of John dc Flegg, and had Simon, a son^ in the 4 1 st of Henry 


William de Flegg was living in the 5dd of that' King. Sir William 
de FUgg sold it to ■ de Mauteby. 

John de Mauteby's, daughter and heir, Margaret, brought it to John 
Paston, Esq. in the reign of Henry YL 

John Paston f Esq. died seised of Mauteby, and Flegg manors in the 
6th of Edward IV. which extended into East and West Somerton, and 
Sir William Paston was found to die lord of Winterton, Mauteby's 
manor, held of the dean and chapter of Norwich in soccage, in the 
year 161J . In the year 1743, the Earl of Yarmouth was lord. 


Sir Piers de Brampton, who had part of Basingham^s manor in right 
of Alice his wife, left it to his son and heir, (as in Brampton) in this 
family it remained in 1600, when Thomas, son of Robert de Bramp- 
ton was lord. 

In 1525, William Brampton, Gent, son and heir of Robert Bramp^ 
ton, late of Attleburgh, Gent, enfeoffed all the manors, late hb father's 
in East, West Flegg, and Happing hundreds^ in John Drew, clerk, 
with Flegg'hall, in Winterton and Waxham. 




In 1546, John Calk, sen. Richard Calle, See. released to Sir Wil^ 
Ham Paston^ all their right in Flegg-hall manorj which they had of 
the ^rant of William Brampton and hia wife Elizabeth, in 1515, and 
on tne inquisition taken on the death of Sir William Pa$ton in I6II, 
lie died seised of Wintcrton Brampton*$ manor, the marshes, called 
Thodgates, &c. held of the manor of Hemeibye^in soccage, 


The ahbejr of St* Bennet at Holmf had a considerable lordship af 
the sanrey given by their founder King Canute; there belonged to it 
a carocate of land held by 5 borderers, and one in demean ; with 
half a carucate among the tenants, &c. there were also 5 freemen 
under the protection, or commendation only of that abbey, who had 
45 acres and a half, with a carucate of meadow, and a socman with 
100 acres, who was under such covenants and ties, that he could nei* 
tber sell, or forfeit it from the abbey, and a church with 6 acres of 
meadow, the soc belonged to the hundred, 8cc. There were 9 bor« 
derers, one carucate in demean, one among the tenants, and 4 free- 
men under protection only with Q acres, valued at ft4f. and 5 free- 
men, i^ith lands, valued at %^^ it was 9 furlongs long, and 8 broad, 
and paid 30d. gelt.* 

The ancient family of Da Begevik held this lordship nqder the 
id>bey of St. Bennet$» 

Sir Richard dc Begevik was witness to a deed of William, son of 
Hugh de Pynkenejf, 9ans date ; a fine was levied in the 18th of Henry 
III. between Thomas de Begevik, and Bartholomew de Somerton of 
the advowson of Winterton; and Somerton granted to Bartholotnew ; 
and 10 the £4th of that king, Thomas de Begemk granted lands to 
Alexander son of Robertf to be held of Thomas, 

Thomas de Begevik settled by fine on Adam, abbot*of St« Bennets, 
in the 43d of the said King 25«. per ann. rent for lands held of the 
abbot in Winterton, and Somerton, with a clause of distress ; and in 
the 5dd of that reign Roberf de Hales and Margaret his wife, eon- 
Teyed lands to Thomas who was lord in 1277, and in 1299> Thomas, 
son of Sir Thomas Begevik with Beatrice his wife, granted lands here 
to John, son of William de OUfield. 

In the 9th of Edward II. and in 1331, Thomas de Bejtevile was 
lord, and had wreck at sea; and in the lOih of Edward III. the ab* 
bot of Holm, as lord of the fee, brought an action against several 
persons for wreck, and taking a whale at Winterton. 

Margaret, daughter of John Durham, of the county of Middkux, 
late wife of Alan Heyngham of -*--*- in Norfolk, released to Ralph 
Somerton, and his heirs, all her right, in Begeviles manor, and in a 
marsh, called Floodgates, with lands and tenements, in the 5th of 
Henty IV. and John Heyngham gave the reversion of the said manor, 

* Terra Sci'Benedicti de Holmo ■ ^ ncc fbrisfacere pot. ext. ecdia i soca e in 

Wintretuna' tenet Bep. p. i car* hund. vi ac. p ti. sep. ix. bor. i car. in 

tit. ▼• bor. et i car. in d'nio. dim. d'nio. et i car. hom. et sub eo st. iiii lib. 

car. horn, vi pore et ibi st. v lib. ho'et comd. tant. ix ac. val. xxiiii soU 

lipes Sd B. comd. tantum de xlv ac« et ▼ lib. ho'eszxiii]*|ixt qr.inlong, 

dim. ac ^'ti. sep. i car. et i soc. de c ac. et viii in lat* uzd« de g. 
et ita e in monastio qd« nee. vead're^ 


after the death of Margaret Charlton^ who held it for life, to Jolfn 
Durham, John Phelip, of Ikenhatn in Middlesex, &c. as trustees, for 
the use of Thomas Btiddeby, chaplain in the church of Hillirisdon, 
and his trustees ; on condition that if the rerersion can be sold for 
400 marks, that Briddeby release it to Thomas Arthyngton, who shall 
sell it, and give 10/. ptr ann. to the abbot and. convent of Burnham^ 
for a chaplain to celebrate for him and his family, and the rest to he 
divided between his two sisters. 

After this it came to Sir John Fastolf^ Knt. who died lord of it ia 
the 3bth of Henry VI. and then to John Paston, Esq. of Pqston. 

In idllySir hiUinm Paston dying possessed, it. was found to be 
held of the dean and chapter of Norwich by I2<j. and valued at 15L 
per ann. In 1740, the Earl of Yarmouth was lord. 

The Conqueror bad in Winterton at the survey, the land of a free- 
man, of Earl Guert, Harold^s brother, and siain with him at the battle 
of Hastings; viz. 7 acreff.of laud, and 5 borderers, with half a caru- 
cale valued at 8^. and this went with the lordship of Ormesby, then 
in tlie Conqueror's hand also :' see, there. 

Godric had the care of 10 acres of land, which a freeman of 
Guert held, the Conqueror had seised on it, and was valued in fVah^ 

The Conoueror had also deprived 5 freemen of Guert, of £0 acres 
which were neld with 15 acres, and half a carucate valued at lis. in 
the town of Somerton, and in ffinterton^ 8 freeiheo of Guert were 
deprived of 54 acres of jand,'one of meadow, and a carucate and an 
half valued then at 4s. but at the survey, at 6s. 

The freemien of these two last fees, were in King Edward's reign, 
under no particular farm or lordship, but Almarus took care of it.^ 

King William II. granted this to William de Albiui, ancestor of the 
EarU of Arundel and Sussex, under whom it was held by several 

In the 10th o( Richard I. a fine was levied of lands, between IVido 
de Winterton, petent, and fVilliani de Reedham, tenent, in Winterton, 
and Somerton; and in the 14lh of Edward 1. an assise was brooght 
to eiiquire, if Roger, son of Nicholas de Winterton, was seised in fee 
of a messuage pod lanck here, with their appurtenances. 

It) the d4th of Hetiry HI. Isabel de Cressy had 30 acres of land in 
Winterton, and Somerton^ &c. conveyed to her from Alice de Lyons; 
and in the 14th of Edward IL Nicholas de Sallows of Cliptby and 
Ellen his wife^. conveyed lands here to Roger de Ormesby, but the 
principal of this fee jseems to have been in the Somertons, lords also 
(as has been observed) of East Somerton in whom was the patronage 
of Winterton, with the chapel of £ast Somerton. 

Sit Bartholomew de Somerton vtas loid and patron in ISIOj and 

? Tcrne Rcgia In Winn^etuna i lam firina p'tinentes. quas Almar. custo« 

lib. ho. de vii ac. tre. et v bor. semp. dit> quiadditi ^t. ad firniam T. R. W, 

dim. car. sep. val. viiid. et e« in p'tio In ^omertuna ten. idb in d'nio xxac. 

Orbesbei. tre et v libos. ho'es de xv ac. ct sep. 

■ Terre Regis qua* Godric servat dim. car. sep. Val. ii sol. 

In Wintretuna i lib. ho. x ac. tre. ap' In Wintretuna ten. ide viii lib. ho'^s 

p'tiatom e. cu*. libes ho*inibj in Wale, de Liiii ac. tre. et i ac. p'ti. sep. car. et 

sbam. <lixQ. tc« val, iiiisol. mo. vi* 

* Isti. St. lib. ho'cs T« R. £• ad auL 



left it to hit heksi from whom it came to the Cleres ; Robert de Ckre 
pre«etued as lord in ]34€. 

Robert CUre, £sq. by his last will, dated Angunt % in the 24th of 
Henry VI. appoints that after the death of Eiizabtth his wife, Wil* 
lianif his son, should have this manor of IVinterton^ and thead^owson 
of the cbarch ; and John, abbot of Hoim, and the convent granted 
to this Elizabeth, and to Robert her son and heir, all wreck here, 
which she claimed in right of her lordship, and had certain duties for 
groan dage, &c. 

Sir Edward Clcre and Frances his wife, sold it to Sir Thomas 
Woodhousey and his son Henry was lord^ and presented in 1377, and by 
his feoffees in I60I. 

From the fVoodhouses it came to the Le Grosses; Sir Thomas k Gross 
was lord and patron 1628, and as chief lord, claimed ground^ge of 
ships, &c. at \s. in the pound, aoJ the spreading of fishing nets be- 
tween fVintertoH and Waxham, fVinterton and Hanesbye, Sac, all 
weys and strays, and had the lete^ajiug 20s. per ann. to the crown, 
being held of the heirs of the TateshaUs, who were heirs to the 
Albinis ; on the death of Sir Thomas ifoodhouse, it was found to be 
held of bis manor of Waxham in soccage ; it seems that of those 
lordships, his son Henry knew not the tenures, and t^e got returned 
as held of some of his own manors. 

Roger Bigot, ancestor to the £arls oi Norfolk, had 21 acres of 
land, half an acre of meadow, and half a carucate, of which a Free- 
man was deprived, and this was valued in Felbrigg, and held by 
Ailward de Felbrigg, of Roger. 

Also in Somerton 21 acres of land, 3 acres and half a carucate of 
meadow, of which a freeman was deprived, valued at 16//. but at the 
survey at 20d.: the Conqueror had granted this to Alw^ de Tetford 
with bis lands, but Roger Bigot reclaimed it.^ 

William de Scohies bad land which a free-man heU under the com- 
mendation of the abbey of St. Bennvt, which was valued in his lord- 
ship of Stakesby, and went with it.*^ 
The tenths were 6/. 155.— Deducted (). 

The town is compounded of fft'n, which is a BriY/sA word^tbe 
name of a river, and signifying water, Tre, or itry, flowing or running, 
and the Saxon Ton, or town, thus If inter born, m Berkshire; and 
Dorsetshire; tVinwick, m Lancashire ; I^V inter ingham m Uuntindon* 
shire, &c. 

The church of fVinterton is a rectory, dedicated to Jll^Saints, the 
anciient value, with the chapel of East Somertoa, was 46 marks, 3s. 4d, 
Peter'pence 2s. 6d. and the present valor is 20/. 13s. 4d. and pays 
tenths and first-fruits. - . 

In the 18th of Henry III. Thomas de Begevile granted by fine to 
Bartholomew de Somerton his right in the udvowsouNby fine ; and in 
the 4th of Edward I. Alexander, son of Richard Faatol/And Bartho^ 
lomew de Somerton^ agree to present by turns. William de Schorham 

' Terra Rogeri Bigoti In>yintre« p'. et mo. reddit x^ hiinc. |)edit. Rex 

tuna i lib. ho. de zzi ac tre et dim ac. Alwio de Terfurd cii' tre'is suis sic. R« 

p'ti, Sep. dim. car et 0. in p'tio AiU Bigot, reclamat. 

wardi de Felcbrugc, hoc tenet, ide. ♦ Terra Will, de Scohies In Win- 
In Somertuna 1 lib. ho. xzi ac. tre. tretuna tenet ide i lib. hu. &c, 

iii ac. p'ti. sep. dim. car, tc. Vid. xvid* 


broaghl his action against Bartholomew, parson of the church of 
Somerton, executor of the will of Bartholomew de Somerton, in the 
14th of Edward I. and Sir Bartholomew de Somerton presented in 
1S\0, Mr. John de Thweyt to this church, with the chapel, %c. There 
was a c6mposition between the prior of Buttley, and John de Thweyt, 
rector, for the tithe of ]£ acres, &^.' of land here^ which the prior of 
Buttley had, and which he granted to John, and his successours for 
the tithe of as many acres in another place, and the tithes of the wool 
of the sheep in the common pasture of fVinterton, called Flud Gates. 


1342, Mr. John de Thewyt, by Robert de Clere. 

1346, Walter de Clere, by his father Robert, 

1353, Robert Clere, by Walter and Robert de Clere. 

1353, Walter Clere, hy Robert Clere o(Orme»by. 

1359, Richard Dogget, by jilice, relict of Robert Clere. 

J 370, Thomas Orgrave, by William Clere. 

1371, Nicholas de Newton. Ditto. 

1375, Mr. Thomas de HemenhaU. Ditto. In the 3d of RicfiardlU 
license was granted for a chantry in this church, and lands here* 

1303, Robert Cook, by Dionysia, relict of William Clere, 

1396, Mr. John de Thorp, Ditto. 

1406, M r. John. Felbrigge. Ditto. 

1^07, John Titeshale. Ditto. 

144^^ Mr. Thomas Frenge, by Robert Clere, Esq. 

1455, Mr. John Selot, by Elizabeth, relict of Robert Clere. 

1479, Mr. John Barley, S.T. B. Ditto. 

1505, John Edyman, by Sir Robert Clere. 

1515, William Warner, S. T. B. Ditto. 

1545, Mr. Richard Burman, S. T. B. by Sir John Clere. 
Mr. Peter Watts, rector. 

1554, Mr. Henry King, S. T. P. Ditto. 

1557, Robert Allen, by Edward- Clere, Esq. 

1562, Thomas Partington. Ditto. 

1577, Tobias Holland, by Henry Woodhouse, Esq. 

1601, Ant. Maxie, S. T. B. by the assignees of Henry Woodhouse. 

iblS, And. Bing. S. T. B. by the king, subdean of York, 8cc. 

Nicholas nowlet, D. I), prebendary of Norwich, rector in 
1650^ deposed in the rebellion. • 

Mr. Jeff. Love, occurs rector in 1656. 

Mr. Edward Miller died rector 1720^ B,ud Robert White succeeded, 
presented by Edward Knight, Gent. 

In 1742, Mr* Le Gross, patron. 

The church and chancel is covered with lead, 

In the chancel^ 

Sub hoc marmore conduntur dneres rev. viri Ed. Miller, A. itf. 
hujus ecctesia rectorii, virfuit eximue charitatis prteditus, vereprobui 
et nulli secundus, 3 die Maij obt. atat. 72, A. D. 1720. 

s Calendar Cartar. prior Buttleyi fol.44* 


A marble gravestone, 


Tho. Hemenhale, rector, eccles. de fVinterton, ob. 1393.— .-Ora/e 
ji, a'iaJoa. Barley, decret^ Dr. qui. obt. 16 Apr. 1497, — In Te 
Domine speravi, ne confundar in atemum. 

In the church on a gravestone. 

In memoru of Thomas Htuband, Gent, who died Sept. 16, 1676 ; 
aged 86, ana of Ann hismfe, daughter 0/ Wm. Beymes, of OverHrand^ 
nail, E$q. who died in 1665, aged 68. 


In memory of Edward Knights, of fVinterton, Gent, who died IZ 
Sept. 1713, aged 66, and ofj&ce his wife, who died in 1727, aged S2. 


Tor Clementina, wife of Edward Knight, Gent, who died May 11, 
1729, aged 41. 

In the church were the. arms ef Bishop Bateman.^-Chre impaling 
UvedaU; — Fasiolf, Begevile, sabk, ^tLa escotbeon, and ories of maru 
lets, or. 
. Catherine, late wife of Bichard Stotevyle, buried 1451. 

The temporalities of Bromhokn priory in fVinterton were lis. Qd. 
ef St. Faitks \%s. of Norwich in fVinterton, and Hemesby, in land, 
mill, &c. 41/. lis. ^. ob.; of Weybridge 35s. \\d. ob.; of St. Bennets 

In the 3d of Richard II. John de Eccles, Sec. aliened to the priorj 
of Hickling lands and tenements in Somerton, &c. and in the 8th of 
that King, the prioress of Redelingfeld in Suffolk, aliened to the said 
priory lands in Somerton; in the l6th of the said reign Sir fVUliam 
Beauchamp, &c. aliened lands in Somerton, to the priory of the Car^ 
ibusians by London* 

The lands here at fVinterton are said to be very rich and fruitful, 
and require not much labour and strength in the ploughing ; the 
lands here run out in a point to the east, called fVinterton ^tsse, a 
j>lace well known to the mariners, and a sea mark, and was formerly a 



1 8 a common and general name for lands that project towards the 
MtfiL, or any great water, and make a promontory ; from the Saxon 
word Nau, or Ness, thus we find the island of I'oulness in Essex ; 
Sheemess in Kent, and East Ness, by Southwold in Suff^olk. * 

At the survey BjotteT Bigot, ancestor to the Earls of Arundel and 
Sussex, was lord of it by the grant of the Confessor, a freeman 
being expelled, who had 15 acres, 2 oxen, an acre of meadow, and 



three parts of a salt work, valued at l6d.^ Aihrin in the time of the 
Conqueror had seised on it, bat Roger Bigot recovered it to bis fee. 

1 hi"* afterwards was part of ffinterion, and so remains^ as I take it. 

Jli/iiam de Ness was petent, and Walter Cobbe, tenent^ of 15 acres 
of land, in the lOlh of liichard I. and Simon de Ness was one of the 
jury for the hundred in ihe 'iOth of Edward III. 

At this Ness is a light-bouse^ erected as it is said by Sir William 
Ernkyn^ Knt. and John Meldrum, Esq. and a difference arising be* 
tween them and the coast men^ concerning the pay for the mainte- 
nanre of it, it was laid before th6 council in June l688. 

Sir Edward Turner of Parndon Magna^ in Essex, had a grant of 
thi» light-house and that of Orford Ness in Suffolk, with divers pri- 
vileges, and one penny per ton for every vessel sailing by, at 20/. 
per ann. commencing at Lady- Day 1687 ; alderman Gore of London 
als» had it before. 

About January \5, \665, the high tides washing down the cliflSi 
here, there were found several vast bones^ of whicn a leg-honewas 
brought to Yarmouth, weighing 57 pounds and 3 quarters, the length 
S feet 9 JHches, which the physicians and surgeons there affirmed to 
be the leg^bone of a man : See the London Gazette, November 20^ in 

^ • Terra Rogeri Bigoti— ^-In Ncssa i de dooo hegis. sep. ii boveseti ac. p'ti. 
lib. ho. XV ac. qd. invasit Ailuin T. R. et ili part* saUae.'et val. xvid* ct tenet 
Will, et Roger, revocat ad fuu' feudu' ide* 





1 A K s 8 lis name from some fort or caslle that the Ramans had 
here, where one part or mouth of the river Yar is said to have rua 
into the German Ocean, though now stopped up by the sands* At 
the survey we learn that Godric was steward ana took care of a lord- 
ship here for the Conqueror, which consisted of four carucates of landj 
of which 80 freemen were deprived, and also of 22 carucates ; of all 
ihescj Ra^h the Earl of Norfolk, made this lordship; there was at 
the survey one carucate in demeaUi and 2 acres of meadow, held by 
21 tenants, the moiety of a mill, and Sy saltworks, S runci, 8 cows, 
12 swine, and 360 sheep, valued formerly at 8/. &c. at the survey at 
14/. and the abbot of St. Bennet had out of this lordship 6// 

It was one leuca long, and 100 perches, one leuca broad, paid 44<2, 
gelt, whoever were lords ; and was granted by an exchange of landtf 
in Cornwall, with all its customary dues, as Godric says. 

This Ralph the Earl, abovementionedj b by many authors, and the 
Saxon Okrom^le, said to have been born in tforfolk, and to be made 
Earl of that county by the Conqueror. But this seems a mistake ; 
he was bom in the province oiBretamc in France, and called by an* 
cient FrcMh writers,^ Ralph de Factget, lord of Guadcr and Moni/ori 
in Breiagne, and married Emma, daughter of William FioOsbornj, 
Earl of Hereford, (the Conqueror's prime favourite.) 

The Saxon Chronicle says this marriage was in the year 1070, at 
which time he was created bv the King, Earl of Norfolk ; and at the 
same time entered into-a rebellion against the King, was forced to 
ily into Bretagne with his lady ; some years after he undertook the 

* Terra Regis quam. Godricus servat. et mo. xiiii ft tam. h't. Abbai S'ci. Be- 

-— Castre tenuere Izxx liberi h»'es, ncd. ex hoc mancrio vi libras. et ht. i 

T.R.B* et mo. sinuL iiii car« t're. tc. leug. in long, et 'c pore, et i leuff. in 

xxii car. et ex hoc. toto fecit R« Comet lat. et vliiiid. de g. quiCq; ibi teneat. noc* 

inanuenim. mo. i car. in d'nio. et xxi lib'atu' e. p. eacangio de t'ra. de Comu- 

boOrni ii ac. p'ti sep. dim, nioU et alia cu' onini contuetudine ut Godric* 

zxzviiii sal. et ui run. et viii an. et xii dicit. 
poic. et ccdx oY. t«f valf viii Ub* p, z * Neustria PiSi p. SV^ ^*1$ ^'^* 

TOL, XI D d 

902 CASTOR. 

crusade with Robert Duke of Normandy, and died there with Emma 
his wife; her obit was kept on February W, in the abbey of Lffre in 
Normandif, founded by her fathef, to which she was a benefactress. 

There appears to have been two Ralphs, Earls of 'Norfolk, one 
called in Domesday book, the Old Earl,' and expelled on the tkinqoesty 
and probably father of Ralph aboTementioned. 


Ijfow long this lordship continued in the Crown does not appear, bat 
was granted by the Conqueror after this survey^ or his son. King 
Henry I. to Hugh de Gomay, a noUe lord of tf&rmeindy. Hugh de 
Gornay was witness to the Conqueror's foundation deed in 1089» of 
his great abbey of Caen in* Nortjuandy, and signed before Walter Gif- 
fara, afterwards Earl of Buckingham, (and one of the same name 
sisned the confirmation deed of King Henry the First's priory of De 
Prato, (De Prei) in Normandy, founded by Maud his mother. 

Le Counte Hugh de Goumay, and Hugh de Gornay, Sire le Bray, 
are on the list of those noblemen who attended the Conqueror in his 
expedition into England. — ^Tbis family assumed their name from the 
town of Gornay in Normandy, where it seetns they founded the abbey 
of St. IdevM, who had a portion of tithe in this town, 

Hugh de Gumay was livine in the 19th of Henry II. tfnd had a 
lordship ; and in the dlst of tnat King, accounted for 100/. fine of bb 
lands in Normandy^ at the Exchequer there, and was to pay 10CM« 
relief for his lands in England, which he promised.^ 

Hugh d.e Gournaj was under age in the Sd of Henry III. and in 
tlfe custooy of William de Cantehpe, with his lands here, and had 
liyery of his land here in the 6th of that King. * 

In 12ig, the chapter of St. Idevert de Gornay let to Walter, dean 
otFlegg, two pdrts of the tithes of the demeans late Robert de Castre% 
containing tweke store acres, also a messuage, with 80 acres.' 

Hugh was lord in the Idth of that King, and granted lands in this 
town to Sir Roser Botetourt. 

In the 2€d ofthat reign, William de Cantelupe,jumof, for 530 ttaito, 
had a grant 6f the custody of Julian, daughter and heir of Hugh de 
Gaumey, and of her lands, and of her marriage, and also of the sod 
of the said Hugh, if Maud his widow, then impregnate, should bear 

But it appears that she was heiress, and married Wiiliam Bardolf,Bbik 
and heir of William Lord Bardolf, of Wirmegay in Norf. and in the 
58th of that King was lord of Casire, in right of the said JuUan, and 
had then a grant of free warren and assise. 

In the 3d of Edward I. this William Lord Bardolf had the assise^ 
and wreck at sea. At his death in Ifldg, he was found to hold this 
lordship in capite, as part of the barony of Gournof. 

Julian bis wife snryiying, on whose deaths in the 93d of the said 
King, Hugh was found to be her son and heir. 

In this family this lordship continued, (as may be seen in Wrongyi 

^ See in Ade, Walibsm hundred, 9xA ^ Rdt« Pip. r 

^ Fi^cy « Reg. Abb, de Holmo^ tA. a9. 

C A 6 T O R. 908 

4l]h xif £!br. ly. Sir Wm. Bardt^, bis brother^ inhetitod liie ;e9tale9 
'^Rrith Scroieby in Nbi/. Clapton in Si^blk, &c. but had not the baron j 
of #Froii|fey. iie^ied wltbont ias«e in tbie fid of Hmty VI. 

^ In the following year Richard Sellif^ and Joati ihis wife, widow of 
Sir WiSianh veleaaed this kwd^hip, SC(C« for an annuiLy to the liadies 
.jlmme Cifford, and Joam PJtel^, daugbten and heirs of the liord 
J^fido^, who 'Was attainted , 

jintte ntfaa then the wife of $ir William Clifford^ and after married 
Sir Reginald Cobham; Joan was the wife of Sir William Phetip, (son 
cf 6Sr John Ph^ of Domft^n in Si^^tk) Knif bt of the Garter^ 
t^pasMer of the Imisebold to King Henry V. 

The aboip^ Sir IVA'aiasbad the chief conduct and management of 
that Kine*s melancholy funeral; be was also chamberUin to Kins 
Hemr^ Vl.who graoled bim ibe honour of Wrangewy and .title of Lord 

Ann, the other sister and coheir^ dyine s.p. this honour and title, 
with this lordship, came to John Lord viscount Beaumont, by the 
marriage of EUiabefh bis Qply^daugbter and be^r. 

WilUam Lord Viscount Beaumont his' son, succeeded, but being 
attainted as a rebel in the fir^t o( Edw. IV. the Kins scanted it for 
life to Joan his wife, daqgrhter of Hwnphr^ StaffordylBXe Duke of 
Bucks, who presented to the churdh of Castre St. Edmund^s, in 1463. 
John Vfirt Earl of Oxford, as guardian to Ifilliam Viscount Beau* 
mont, in 1 501, had a grant of the custody of (,he person, lands, manors, 
&c, of the said Viscount, during life, who died in 1501, and was 
buried in the church of Wivenho in Essex; and the said Earl married 
^ Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Ric. St^roop. 

On the death of this Lord Beaumont, s. p. it came to the Crown. 
King Henry VIII. on July 14, in his 3d year, granted it to Jlice 
Stanhope widow, late wife ox Edward Stanhope, Gent, for life. 

She probably married Sir Edmund Darretl, who presented in 1516, 
tp the church of St. Edmund; and the Lady J lice his relict in 1&32. 
The said King, for the sum of 907/. paid him by hi^ laithfui counsel- 
lor. Sir fVilliam Paston, and for the sum of 9^ il^- 8^* pdid into the 
bands of the treasurer of the court of augmentation, gives and grants 
on May 7, ao. 36, the manors, with all their rights, messuages, mills, 
cottagesj lands, meadows, pastures, marshes, &c. court lete view of 
frank pledge, wards, escheats, heriots, fold courses, fisheries, of Castor 
St. Edmund and Trinity, Scoieby, Ormesby, Mautby, Filby, with the 
advowson of the church of St. Edmund, the rectory of Castre Trinity, 
and patronage of the vicarage, with the annual rent of 4^. per ann. 
issuing out of the said vicarage, belonging to the priory of Shouldham, 
paying 6d. per ann. for the annual rent. 


This abbey had in the reign of King Edward, as we learn from 
Domesday Book, one carucate of land held by 4 borderers, one cary- 
cate in demean, half a one amone the tenants, and 7 acres and a half 
of meadow, 6 saltworks, and 14 hreeroen who were under commenda* 
tbn ol the abbot, held one carucate and a borderer ; tbeie were at 

f04 CASTOR. 

that time-also^ 2 carncates of the tenantSi valoed at SOt. at die aurvejr 
at 25s- and 14 freemen under the abbot's commendation, he deraigned 
of Godric? 

Grimholf, a SaxQn,^ this lordship to the abbey soon after its 
foundation, by King Canute* 

King Henry II. sent his precept to William Turbe Bishop of Norr 
mch,'' that he should permit William the abbot of St. Betmet, and 
Alexander his knight, (who held it under the abbot,) to have the ad- 
vowson of the church of Castor y it being found by the inquisition of 
12 men to belong to them. 

After this a composition was made between the ohapler of St. Ide^ 
vert of Gourney in Normandy, and the dean of I'iegg, (and probably 
rector of Castre) about certain tithes here, released by the said 

This fee of the abbot's was divided after into severaf lordships, and 
held of the abbey. 


' Alexander, above called the abbot's knight, was, as I take it^ of the 
family of De Castre, and had the principal tenure under the abbot. 
This was about ihe year 1220, held by Sir Robert de Castre. In the 
12th of Henry III. Matthew de Ganton, who married Isabel, daugh- 
ter and heir of Sir Robert, was lord in her right, and for certain ser- 
vices, customs, lands^ &c. granted to Thomas de Castre, and his heirs 
demanded, and paid to him lO/. per ann. 

William, son of Matthew de Reedham, had in 1230^ a messuage and 
80 acres, held of the abbot by oOs.per ann. 

In 1233, William de Reedham granted this, then called Reedham 
Hall, to Isabel and her heirs, to be held of him payins half a mark 
per arm. tu him, and 50s. to the abbot ; and she had wreck at sea here; 
oir Robert her father was a benefactor to this abbey, and granted a 
messuage, with 80 acres, and the homage of Peter Fitz-Osbert. 

Richer the abbot granted it to his niece, on her marriage, on con- 
dition that the lands found the convent 15 days provisions for their 

In 1243^ Matthew de Gunton and Isabel his wife, had a release for 
205. per, ann. of their portion of tithes, (two parts of their demean 
lands) in Castre. 

Robert de Castre had a grant of free warren in the 44th of Henry 
III. and in 12S0, Robert de Castre, gave a messuage, and SO acres of 
land to a chaplain, serving in his chapel, and two parts of the tithes ef 
his demeans which were purchased of the abbey. 

Sir William de Redham was found to have a lordship ^leld of the 
abbot, in the 3d of Edward L and Oliver de Ingham to hold it of 

* T're. S'ci. Benedict! de Hulmo ad ii car. hom. mo. iiii tc. val. xx sol. mo« 

victu* Monachor. In Castre. i car. xx v et xiiii libi. ho'cs. sub. Al^be. comd. 

t're. tenet S. B. sep. iiii bor. et i car. in tant. q's Abbas dcrationav^it sup. Go- 
d'nio. et dim. car. hom. vii ac. et dim. dricu' val. xl sol. 
p'ti. vi sal. et xiiii libi. ho'es. sub. Abbe ' ^ R^« de Hulmo* foh 4, 40^ ^Oj So. 
comdat, tantu'. i car. t're. et i bor. to* 


CASTOR. 201 

Bturihoiomew de Rudhmm in the 10th of Edward IL by the service of 
a barbed arrow, leaving it to Johuy his son and heir. 

John de Castre was lord in the 7th of Richard IL and afterwards it 
came with Reedham Hall, to the Fastolfs. 

Sir John Fastolf was lord of both in I450f on whose death, John 
Pastonf Esq* was Iprd; and Sir William Paiton had livery of them 
in 1654, and so were united to the lordship of Cas/or Bardolft above- 



There was an indenture, sans daAe, between William de Vaux, and 
Peier de Bozaun, about a free tenement and villains, which the Lady 
Maud de Boumaville, relict of Sir Robert de Castre, held in dower ; 
witness Sir Oliver de Redham^ Brian de Hickling, Laur. de Hunr 

In the 21st of Edward L Peter de BozounhBd a lordship : and in 
1507> William Bozoun kept his fim court. 

In the 9th of Edward IL John de Faux- had a lordship ; and in 
the 17tb of that King, John de Cat^eld, clerk, and Alexander de 
Waicotj settled by fine on William de Faux and Alice his wife, in tail, 
several messuages, a mill, 367- acres of land, 8cc. ?/• 2s* Id. ob, q. 
rent, 3 quarters of oats, 2 quarters of salt, half a pound of commin 
per ann. in this town, Burgh St. Mary, Rollesby, Clippesbi^^ Repps, 
Bastwick, &c. and the moiety of the chapel of St. John of Castre, 

This came after from Faux to the Sparrowee, and William, son 
of John Sparwe, of Norwich, granted in the 37th of Edward HI. to 
Hugh Fastolf, of Great Yarmouth, all his right in the manor of Faux 
Hall, and advowson of the moietv of St. John*s chapel. 

Bot before this, in 13*^6, John, son of Alex. Fostolf, appears to 
have purchased it. 

In the reign of King Henry V. Ric. Bozoun, Esq. was lord. From 
the Bozouus it came also to the Fastolf s, and was possessed by Sir 
John Fastolf in the reign of Henry VI. 

And here it may be proper to give some account of this Sir* JoAjs , 
Fastolf, and the family of Fastolf, was of great antiquity in the 
counties of Norfolk and Svffolk. . 

In the church of St. Margaret of Ipswich, about €00 years paU, 
were to be seen the arms of Fastolf of Sufolk ; quarter! v, or and 
asure, on a bend, gides, three escallops argent, impaling Windham, 
Fastolf nnd argent, three chevronels, WatervUe, quarterly. 

In the church of Nacton, Fastolf wid Windham, Fastolf, and gules, 
a chevron between ten cross crosslets, or, Kyme ; also Fastolf and 
pel* pale, sable, and arsent, a lion rampant counierchanged. 

In other churches Fastolf, impaling Bedinsfield and 'J^'yrill, The 
Suffolk family also quartered gules, fretty or, Mandevile, sable, a cross 
flurt, or, Brakam, and argent, a bend between six cross crosilets sable, 


The Norfolk family for distinction bore on their bend three cross- 
lets or. 

Of this family was Sir John Fastolf, knight, admitted a brother of 
St. Benrnfs abbey, in 1304. Sir i:hQmas Fastolf, Kot« lord of Kim- 



tqS € A ST OR. 

immklys, whose daagbtar ud heir nyirrted Sir Jolm Woo^^mtse, IonI 
ID the reign of Htnry IV. Jgne^ mother of Sir Johu Etu^if^ and wifi» 
of Hush FmtWy Esq. who die4 about 1S70 ; Margery, wife of Sir 
John fV»^o/f^ daugh ter of John Holbrooke wiio died aboat 1387. 

The first of the family I And to have had atiy interest in this town 
of Ccutre, was Thomas Fastoff, Esq. to whom ^Oliver dt Inghnm 
gra&ted, in the 7th of Edward II. his right in the manor of Rtedham 
ID this town. 

This seems to have been only in trusty as John Ingham^ Esq. 
O/iver'sson, inherited it; but in \S^, John, v>noi Alexander Fastoff, 
purchased the lordship of Vaux id this town ; and William, son of 
John Sparis^e of Norwich, granted or confirmed the same to JIugk 
Fastoff, Esq. in \S6S, as b already above cAMenred. 

Of this family was John Fasiolf, Esq. who married Mary, danshter 
of Nicholas Parke, Esq. relict of Sir Thomas Mortimer, son and heir 
of Sir Robert Mortimer of Atiieburgh, who died before his ftther 
^bout th^ vear 1586, leaving 3 daughters and coheirs. 

This Jonn was lord of Fattx and ReedhavCs, and Castor fnaners, 
held of the abbot of Holm ; and was buried in the chapel of St. 
VicholoM, in tbe church of Yarmouth, where his obit or amniversar^ 
was yeai4y celebraied, leaving J&hn his son and heir, the famoasSir 
JoAii Fastolf. 

Fuller in bis Worthies says, In his oriBorifey he was a ward of'fite 
greBi John Duke of Be^wrd, Sd son of King Henry Vf. regent of 
Ftante m the reign of bis nephew King Henry VI. he married Mtii» 
centia, £d daughter and coheir of Robert Tibetot, (son of Sir John 
Tibetot, by Margaret his wife, daughter and coheir of Giles Lord 
Badelesmere in Wiltshire) widow of Sir Stephen S&oeip; kn^ht. 

Richard Lord Scroop, soon after the death of Sir Robert Tibetot, 
obtained the wardship of Margaret, Milicentia, and Elizabeth, the 8 
daughters and coheirs of the said Sir Robert, and married Roger 
Scroop, his eldest son, to Margaret, Stephen to Milicent, and fitc. to 

The espousals of Milicentia y^ere made in Ireland, on the feast of 
Si. Ifilary, in the 10th year of King Henry IV. when John Fa^olff 
her husband, and Sir Gilbert Aumfrevil, Knt. were bound in a bond 
Xo Stephen Scroop, archdeacon of Richmond, and James ^ArtoiSf a 
famous esquire, remarkable for chivalry, of 1000/. to pay to .the said 
MiUcentia yearly, during her Vife, at her chamber 100/. per nfin. and 
it appears that she was living and received the saitie in the Mtb of 
Henfy'Vl.hnt died bc^fore her husband, without issue. 

Sir John was bred from his youth to arms ; and being a knight, 
attended King Heftry VI. in his first expedition into France, in his 
Sd year ; on tne taking of Harfleur in Normandy, he was appointed 
by the kin^, lieutenant governor ^under Thomas duke of £jr«ler^ ihe 
King's uncte. 

Auer this, signalizing himtelf^ hewas made captain of Conde Nwean 
and Alenfon ; govemor>of Melans ; master of the bonsefaoid to Johm 
Duke of Bedford, (regent of France) deputy TOvernor of Normamfy, 
governor of Anjou and Main, sub-governor ot the city of Mame, &c. 
created a knight banneret under bis own banner at the battle of Ver^ 
noile in France, Where Sir Ralph Bottiler, Lord SudUv, Sir Wiittam 
Oldhall, ISir Andrew Ogard, k^c. were knighted; by the regent, and 



Kngbt of the Garter, in tbe 7th of Htmy VL and had the title of 
baron of Sineginele in France. 

Yet this remarkable great man^ of eaiinent approved worth, honour 
and "dignity, Skake^p^r bringa on the fttage aa a buffboa, a mere 
ThrasOf aa a superannuated old man, at the tune of King Henry the • 
fifth'a accession to the crown, when be was not above ;^l years 
of age. 

He was bom in the year 1380,, and died November 6, io 1439, aged 

near 80 years ; his will being dated November 3 in that year^and was 

buried in a chapel built by him of freestone, on the north side of the 

presbytery of the abbey cborch of St« Bermct at Holm, by bis late wife. 

By his will, he desires ** his substance to be disposed of in the best 

manner, for the pleasure of Grod and his soul's healthy &c. also for the 

leUef, succour, and help of the soids that he was next obliged to prey 

and do prev for ; for the souls of John Fastoif my father. Dame 

Mmy, the dfaughter of Nicholas Parkt Esq. my mother, and that the 

pbit and anniversary for ber be kept in the chantry of the chapel of 

the Holy Crpss, in the church otAttleburgh, by Sir Thomas, Mortimer, 

with i^acebo, dirge, and messe, by note, tor the soul of the said Dame 

Maty and her ancestors ; and that one of the monks or priests in the 

college by me ordained in the mansion of Castre^ shall smg in perpe* 

taity for her, her ancestors and 2ood doers, I will that a marble 

stone ol a convenient measure be laid over her inthe chantry of ^^« 

tieburgh aforesaid, with an image of laten (brass) according to hex 

degree^ with a scripture of the day and year of her obit, with 4 esco> 

tbeons, 3 of her husband's, Mortimer, Fasiolf, and Faretpell^ and the 

4th of her ancestors arms.'' 

By Sir Thomas Mortimer, son and heir of Sir Robert, who died 
before his father about the year 1378, she left 3 daughters and coheirs. 
By John, Fastolf, Esq. her son Sir John ; and Margaret a daughter, 

married to Sir Braunch, Knt. 

Join Farewell, Esq. of Cowling in Suffolk, ber third husband, died 
in 1401» and she in 1406. 

His executors were Sir Wiliiam Yelvertou the judge, William Jen* 
ney, Esq« Serjeant at law, John Paston, Esq, Thomas Howes, clerk, 
and William Worcester alias Botoner, who is said to have been Us 
herald and chief steward, a diligent and curioiis antiquary ; from 
whose MS. entitled Itinerarium in Corpus CAnVt College, Cambri^e, 
I have collected many particulars relating to his master.* 

Amongst these executors there appears to have been disputes an4 
differences much to the iojnry of oit John's will, whose estate and 
Jbrtnne was immense ; acquired from the great places that he enjoyed 
for many years ; and especially from the surprising captures and 
plunders, he obtained in the wars of France^ 
An his fortunes were large, so was his charity and benefactions* 
The chapel that he built of freestone in the abbey of St* Bcntset, 
dsdicated to the Virgin Mary, was fi^ feet Ions. 

He built the sooth is)e of the said abbey cnurcb, much decayed^ 

SMMiw from the ground, all of freestone, with a curious enarched vault 

\ ttf the aame^ 68 paces or steps(as Worcester says) lonff, and II bioad^ 

the length of its altar bebg 15 pakn% and the br^tb 6. 

A short time befoce his death he foimded a college of priests in la$ 

^ Itiner. seu Ubct Memonib. ift Odti Cbirp. Xti. C^ott M. M. tor* 

f 08 CASTOR. 

lordship ornansion honae of Castor, wherein were? priests, and also 
an hospital therein for 7 poor men. * 

In the 6th jear of Edward IV. from several receipts it appeara that 
the priests had in money allowed besides their diet^ &c. 40/. per atm, 
and the poor men 40^. per ann. each. 

The sum of 20/. was given to build a new window in the abbey of 
Wendling,; to Bromholm .priory 24/.; the abbejr of Langley had 80/. 
lent to them. In 1442, Yelverton, his executor, is blamed ibr giving a 
receipt to Wainflcet YAAio^ of Winchester ^ for 442 marks ofSir Jom'f 
monev ; the Bishop of Ely (Grey) had 140/; the Earl of WiUshire, 
(Butler) had a legacy of 27/. and of two gallon pots, weighing 
twelvQ score of Id ounces of silver; the Earl of Salisbury (Neviii) 
of 165/. 

Twenty^^three ounces of sold, and 3033 ounces of silver, were sold 
by his executors^ who had large sums in their hands. 

Thomas Howys, one of them, confessor to Sir John, a gray^ftiar 
rector of Castlecomb in Wiltshire^ of Blofield and of Pulham in Norf* 
had about 4000 in bis hands to lay out in repairs and ornaments of 
Churches and religious houses; and with part of this he repaired the 
church and chancel of Pulham St. Mary ; and in a south window, 
set up the eflSgies of this knight in his coat and armour gilt, with his 
crest, a plume of feathers, argent, on a torse or wreath azure and or; 
with his arms quarterly or, and azure, on a bend, gules, three cross 
crosslets ; impaling his lady's arms, argent, a saltire, ingrailed guks 
also the effigies of his lady kneeling ; over her the said ^rros of SU 
George; also the arms of St. George. 

Under these. 

Orate p. a^^ab; Johs. Fastolf Miliiis qui mult a bona fecit in tem^ 
pore vite, et Milecentie Uxoris ejus et Domini Thome Howes istius 
eccles. rectoris, et omnium Fidelium Defunctorum. 

The seat or hall of Castor was a noble strong pile ; Worcester says 
that the great hall was 59 feet in length, and 28 feet in breadth. 

He had a city house at Norwich, in Pokethorp, opposite to St. 
Jame*s church, called FaUolfs Place, where I saw a few years past 
in a room, used by a baker, for his office, several effigies, (in a txiw 
window) of Si. Margaret, St. John Baptist, and the Virgin Mary, St. 
Blase with a wool comb, and St. Catherine. 

In a lon^ north window many effigies of sacred and profane war* 
riors, David, Sampson, Hercules, &c. also an engagement between 
two knights, which I take to have been that of Sir John with a French 
nobleman, whom betook prisoner in jPrafice,broaghthim to England, 
and kept him at Castor, till a very large sum was paid for bis ranaome, 

A good part Of the Frenchman was then entire, had a noble pre- 
sencCi a prolix white beard ; the effigies of Sir John much sbattmd, 
his upper part gone. 

On February 10, in the Idth or Edw. IV. an indenture was made 
between Sir ffilUam Yeherton, William Jenney, serjeant at law, and 
William Worcester, executors of Sir John on one part, and Thomas 
Cager, and Robert Kurtan on the other, whereby me said Robert was 
appointed surveyor ofthe lands and tenements in &tf/Asparib, and other 
places in Surry, late Sir John's, to perform his last will ; and also re- 
ceiver of the rents; who was to haYe six mi^ks per ami. and tabe 


allowed besides allreasonable costs^ that he shall cfo !n the defence and 
keeping oat hhn Paston, Csq. and of all others claiming by hiin. 

Sir John Fastolf had by his wilf appointed this John rmton, Esq. 
eldest son and heir of Sir Will. Paston the judge, one of his executors; 
and had given to theoi all his manors, lands, &c. in trust, to found 
the college of the 7 priests, and 7 poor men in the manor house at 
CaslrCf &c. 

'' For the sin^nlar trust and love (says Sir John) that I have to my 
'^ cousin John Paslqn before all others, being in every belief that he 
'*' will execute this my last will." 

But it appears that this John Paston, Esq. had entered on this ma« 
nor of Caslre, and was imprisoned in the Fleet of London, by Nevill 
Bishop of Exeter (on November 3, 1464,) then chancellor. 

Oq his death, in 1466, he left it to his eldest son. Sir John Pa$ton* 

Soon after this, John Mowbray Duke of Norfolk laid pretenpes to 
it, and sent Sir John Heveningham, a cousin of Sir John Fastolf, to 
demand John Paston, Esq. governor of it, (being; a castle well forti- 
fied*) in the absence of his eldest brother Sir John Paston, to deliver 
it up to him ; maintaining that the said Duke had purchased the said 
castle of fVilliam Yelverton, (that cursed ^Tor/b/A justice, as Worcester 
styles him) one of Sir John Fastolf *s executors, when it was well known 
that Sir John had ordered it not to be sold, but to be a college for 
priests, and an hospital for poor men. 

The said John Paston refusing to surrender it, the Duke came before 
it with 3000 armed m^n, and with guns, culverines, and other artillery, 
and laid siege to it immediately. 

Theoiames of the principal persons at this siege were 

John Duke of Norfolk, Str numphrey Talbot, Sir William Calthorp, 
Sir John Hevenitieham, Sir Gilbert Dcbenham, Sir Thomas Wingjicld, 

Sir William Brandon, Thomas and William Wingefeld, Esq. 

Swansty, Esq. Hug^h Auston, Esq. Sir John Waldgrave, ffilliam De- 
benham, junior, &q. Robert Debenham, Esq. — — son of Sir 
Laurence Rayneford, James Ratcliff't, Esq. mack John de RatcUjff; 

^ son of Stafford, Esq. Sir Philip Wentworth, &- 

man Fttz-Simon, of Essex, Esq. ' Timperley, Esq, Richard 

Southwell, Esq. Gilbert Debenhnm, senior, Esq. ■ Brook, Esq. 

son of the Lord Cobham ; Bardwell of Herling, Esq. Her" 

ward, by Crofner, Esq. John Butcliff of Attleburgh, Esq. ■ 

Lethum, Esq^ Plumestede; who, I presume, took it in about 

a fortnight's time. 

The names of ihe deferidants against the Duke were, John Paston, 
jun. Esq. governor, in the absence of his brother Sir John; John 
Daubeney,E9q. who was killed by a shell shot; Osbem Berney, Esq. 
Sander Cok, a valet ; Osbqrn de tastre, a Valet, &c. in the whole 28. 

Worcester says that Anthony Lord Scales at another time took pos- 
session of it in the name of King Edward IV. under pretence ^hat 
Paston was the King's villain, (though absolutely false) all which 
proved a great destruction to the goods, and effects in the same; but 
Sir John Faston, through the favour and protection of King Edward 
IV. had afterwards possession. 

Oq Jul^ 6, 1466, the King granted him a warrant under his hand" 

• King Henry V. gave license to build it as strong as bionclf s^hould deviss. 

TOL. xi« Ee 

^10 CASTOR. 

end privy seal, to take possession of all the landti and inheritance of 
his late iathery or of Agnes his erandmotber, or of Margaret his mo* 
ther, or of William Paston, and Clement Paston his uncles ; also the 
manor and place of Castor, or of any other estate which 4)is father 
bady by way of gift^ or purchase, of the late Sir John Fastolf, which 
lands had been seized by the Kine, on evil surmises made to himj 
against his deceased father, himself, and uncles, of all which they were 
sufficiently, openly, and worshipfully cleared before the King. 

'' So that all yee now being in the said manor, or place of Castor, 
*^ or in any lifiinode late the said John Paston\ Esq. by way of gift 
'' or purchase, of the late Sir John Fastolf, that was seised into. our 
'' hands ; avoid the possessioa of the same, and suffer our tfuly and 
** well beloved knigbt. Sir John Paston, to enjoy the profits thereof, 
'' with all the goods and chattels there ; and pay all the issues and 
^ profits thereof, as ye did unto his father, at any time in his life." 

Another misfortune also happened to this seat or castle about the 
Knme time, owing to the negligence of a eirl, who in making a bed^ 
set fire to k by her candle, and dfd considerable damage. 

Ana here I hope to be es^cused, if I observe, what a considerable 
number of worthy men, men of great renown, honour, and gallantry 
in this county of Norfolk signalised themselves in the wars of Prance, 
8tc. in the three successive reigns of Henry IV. V. and VI. 

In the Paston family it continued (as in Oxnead.) 

William Crow, Esq. was lord in 166 1. Roger Crow, Esq. in 1708. 
and 1724, from whom it came to his nephew John Bedingfeld, Esq. 
the present lord. 


In the 6th of Henry IV. Edmund Bedysham of Ubbeston in Suffolk, 
and Margaret bis wife, conveyed by fine to John Clere, &c. 6 mes* 
suages, several parcels, of land, with a fold-course in this town, &c. 
andin 1438, the lady Elizabeth Rothenhale, widow of Sir Johss So- 
thenhale, by her testament, dated October 16, 14S8, to Robert Clerc 
her son, all her utensils at Ormesby, &c. and to Edmund Clere, her 
son, all her utensils at Homing-hall, in Castre; and by her will dated 
tSie same day at Castre^ requires her feoffees in the said manor ; with 
those of Hunstede, Rothendale, and Claydon, by Ipswich in SuffoOi, 
to grant them to Edmund her son, proved July 11, 1441. 

Edmund Clere, Esq. was lord in 1457, and in the S4th of Henry 
VIII. Richard Newport and Margaret his wife granted the third part 
of Horning'hall in Castre, to Sir John Clere. 

In the first of Edward VI. Sir WiViam Paston was lord of it. and 
so it was united to the other lordships. 

The tenths were 8/. — Deducted 1/. 

Thomas Bransby, Esq. gave 10 acres of land in Henusby, for the 
use of the poor. 

Mrs. Cobb, &c. gave 551. the interest to be laid out in coals for the 

^ TTie town was divided into 2 parishes, Castor Trinity, and Ca$tor 
St. Edmund. 

CAStOR. 2iJ 

Castor Hohf Trinity church was a rectory, anciently valued at SO 
marks, and the abbot of St. Bennet had a portion of tilhe valued At * 
£Of. Perer-pence 2d. ' 


In 12d9i •/oAii occurs rector* 

l^S, fVilliam de Reygate, instituted. 

1S04, Johfi de Fincham, presented by Sir Hugh Bardotf. 

1313, Ymbert de Monte Martini, by Sir Thomas Bardotf. 

1321, John de Btaxhale. Ditto. 

1S£6, Nich. Boteman. Ditto. 

1326, John de Cres&ingham. Ditto. 

1338, John de Srincle occurs rectoi". 

1348, William de Cnlchith, by Sir John Bardolf. 

134$l, Simon Norreys. Ditto. 

1375, fViUiam ffalcot^hy the prior and convent of Schuldham. ^ 

1375, John Mayhem, D. buriea in the chancel in 139D. 

On the 8th of July 1387, Henry Bishop of Normch appropriated 
this church *to Shouldham priory, reserving to •himself a pension of 
23«. Ad. per ann. a vicarage to be assigned of 20 marks value, the do* 
mination thereof to be in the Bishop, and the pfesentatidn in the priory, 
a penaion of 3*. 4rf. to the prior of Norwich, add another of 4i. per 
ann. to the archdeacon of Norwich. 


In 1300, William Barton, vicar, nominated by the Bishop, presented 
by the prior, &c. . 
1396, Thmas Pickebene. Ditto. 

1410, William Jienne. ^^ O tt ^S 

^4Wj John Smithe. ' /^ %» 

U57,Ur:JohriSemicroft,AM. f< Mil "^ 

1443, John Reeve. 1 ul V H > 

1451, Robert Mersden. \ ^ ^ / ^ ^r 

1453, Robert Coteler. 

1466, Mr. John Hornmey, alias Sybeton. 

1473, William Uppegate. 

1512, Richard Samson^ by the Bishop^s vicar general; quere if not 
after Bishop of Chichester, JLitchfteld and Coventry. 

1528, Wllliafk Heche, th^ Bishop collated, thd person ytrhdtu the Bi- 
shop nominated being refused t6 be presented by the prior. 

1530, John Beeght. Ditto. 

1541, Richard £Im, the Bishop nominated-to the King. 

1553, Richard Lache,hy Sir William Paston. About 1554, Edmund 
Cotyn, S.T.B. was vicar, rector of Oxburgh, master of CathetifU Hall, 
Cambridge, &c. 

1560, Henfy Beane, by William Paston, Esq. United to Cast(^ St 

* . 

16O8, Ralph Same, by Sir William Paston; it was now congolidated 
St* EdmuncPs church. 

fil9 ' CASTOR. 


The present valor of this vicarage is 61. O9* Qd. 

Here was the mWd of the Holy Trinity^ and that of our Ladv» and 
the tabernacle of the Trinity, St. John's Altar, to which John SaUnon 
gave 40s. also 4 marks to buy a table of alabaster for the altar, with 
St. Mary, 8t. John, tbe Evangelist, and St. John Baptist carved on it. 

Thomas Manthorp of Castre Trinity in 1524, a benefactor to Trinity 
and Uady gilds; 6s, Bd. to tbe repair of the church, and 12dL to St 
Margartfs chapel. 

In the 5(>th of Edward HI. Sir John Bardolfgr^nied the advowson 
of this church to tbe prior of Shouldham for the better support of iUar- 
gartt dc Montfort, daughter of Thomas de Beauchamp Earl of Warwick ; 
Catherine, daughter of Guy de Warwick, deceased ; and his own sister^ 
Elizabeth, nuns there* 

On this appropriation^ and a vicarage being settled, the nuns of 
Shouldham were taxed for tbe rectory, at 20 marks, and tbe vicar at 
10 marks. 

At the dissolution of Shouldham priory, the rectory of this church, 
and patronage of the vicarage, was granted by King Henry VIU. on 
May 7, in his S6th year, to Sir William Paston. 

In the 12ih of Henry III. Roger, prior of Hickling, granted lo Jsa- 
bel, wife of Matthew de Gunton, and their heirs, 20 acres of marshy 
and Matthew gvKnis to the prior in exchange ids. rent in Rollesby. 

The temporaliiies of St. Bennet's abbey in 1428, 70s. iOd. 

The temporalities of Hickling priory in Castre Trinity, land and 
marsh 40s, 8d. 

In 1370, William Ih/sing, pitanciary and monk of St. Bennet, re- 
ceived of the rector 01 Castor Trinity, lOs. per ann, pension. 

In 1893, John Fastolf of Castre, son ot' Nicholas, buried in this 

This church is decayed, and made use of as a barn. 


Is a rectory, the old valor was 8 marks^ Peter^pence 12d. the present 
valor is 4/. 

The church has a nave, south isle and chancel covered with lead, 
and a square tower with 3 bells. 


lS03j Martin de Rye, presented by Sir Hugh Bardolf. 

1312, Hush de Drayton, bjr Ladv Isabel, late wife of Sir Hugh. 

1348, Walter Mayner, by Sir John Bardolf. ' 

1349, WiUiam de Rokesden. Ditto. 
1349, Roser Betts. 

1361, Jonn de Colley. Ditto. 

1376, Richard de Killum, by Sir WUliam Bardolf. 

1379, Walter Merle. Ditto. 

1396, John Pope, by Sir Thomas Bardolf. 

1398, John Masham. Ditto. 

1401, Richard Swayne, by Sir William Bardolf. 


C A S T O K. filS 

1427> John SybciMf by Sir Richard Poty^^^i, KaL Sir WiUiam 
JSabyngton, and feoffees. 

1439^ Simon Clerk, by Sir Reginald Cobham, 

1447» JoAit Shave, by JoAn Viscount Beaumont, guardian of bis 
BOD, William Lord Baraolf. 

1459 f Robert Croft, by the Bishop, a lapse. 

1463, William Huick, by Thomas, Archbishop of Canterbury, and 
Joan, wife of William Beaumont, Lord Bardolf. 
John Gryme, rector, 

1501, John Wodehouse, by the £arl of Oxford f guardian to WiUiar^ 
ViflcoiiDt Beaumont. 

1516, George Naper, by Sir Edmund Darrell, Knt. 
William Oldgrave rector. 

1532, John Smith, by the Lady Jlice, relict of Sir Edmund Dar- 

1540, John Home. Ditto, 

1560, Henry Beane, by Willian^ Paston, Esq* 

I6O8, Ralph Same, A.M. by Sir WiUiam Paiton; this vear^ Septem^ 
ber, the church of the Trinity in Castre was consolidatedf to this of St. 

_ _ % 

1635, Robert Smith, by William Paston, Esq. 

1637, John Claphamson, by the assigns of William Paston, Esq. 

1667, Hamond Crow, by trilliam Crow, Esq. 

1667, John Gibson, by William Crow, and Thomas Bransby. 

1708, Later. Womack, by Roger Crow, Esq. 

1724, Ro&ert Clayton. Ditto. 

John Bedingfeld, Esq. lord and patron in 1740. 

I find that Peter Amyes compounded June ^, I601, for his first- 
fruits as rector of this cnurcb, presented by Roger Godsalve, Esq. and 
Henry lierford, on June ^b, lC&7i and on November 11, l639i George 

In the chancel a grave-stone. 

In memory of William Brereton, late ofCaister St. Edmunds, Gent, 
who died Dec. 17, \&57, and Eliz. his wtfe\ daughter of And. Clark, 
of Wroxha^, Gent. 


For Mary Crowe, widow of John Crowe, Gent* of Great Yarmouth, 
who died May 3 J, 1695, tet. 50« 

Anna Charissima, conjux J oh. Claphamson hujus eccleae rectoris, obt. 
Oct. 21, I649i ^tat. 28. 

Spe resursendj hicjaceni Tho. Bransby,- Armiger, et Elizab. ueor. 
ilia obt. 9 Apr.' I68O, ille vera 24 Martij atai. 50. 

In^* ->, cujus memoriam Rt. Bransby, Gen.frater amantis* 

simus et nunc solus superstes, H.M.P. 

Hie condita sunt Corpora Martha, et Joh. Gibson, Mariti ejus rec^ 
toris de Caister, ilia obt. 12 Kal. Octob. 1707, atat. 66, Hie. 5*. Id; 
Decemb, 1708, atat. 70, and the arms, azure, three storks, ar^eiif im- 
paling gyrony of eight, or and sable, on a chief of the 2a; three 
leopards faces of the first, Crow. 



Oo the north side of the chancel a mural mafble monnmenti wilh 
a bu8t^ and these arms> gults, a chevron between three cr>cks; argent. 

GuUelmuB Crowe^ Armiger hie requiescit, vir Gemo et Ingpno rebus 
agendis pari, nattu. In re lauta promus magis quam condtu, num^icus 
in egenos erogator, tarn vivos quam moriens. Comis, affabiHs, otmubus, 
ne tfiimicis quidem (siquos habuit) gravis; vit0s usq adeo non dedidu, 
ut nescis$e ilia, non vitasse diceres, et pro consuxiudine fuit illifelix w- 
doles. Londini diu vixit et floruit, facultatts amplas (Javeute Numine) 
cbnservavit, rerum mtur, et natalis soli dulcedine illectus^ ru$ secesdt, 
vhi cum ineluctabilj morbo diu conflictatus, tandem suecubuitj et occu^ 
buit, 'aquanimiter,fortiter pie, In ijadem adibus et vagijt ct eipiravit, 
sui desiderium relinquens Omnibus, qui ilium pepitus noverant, et exempt 
lar imitandum, Nat us est A^. I6l7> Obijt. \^Qf^,etat* sud^ 51> cum 
trimestri, quod excurritj spatio. 

On another mnral marble monument^ 

JU. S* Johannis de Bhnnerhass^ttorum Stirpe inter Icenaies 
Rationi ortus plurimum spectabiliM, villa licet in obscura generis splen» 
dor disparuit turba. Insignia a longis retro omnis custodita, atavos,jprth- 
avo$, majoresa monstrant Diacesisfamilijs illustrissimis connubiojuisse 
jufictos. laudj magis est quod moribus poUcbat; suisfacilis, utiamus 
omnibus, conjugis prasertim amantisslmus. maxime, quod pUtatem fre^ 
quens coluit Anglicanam, et a pariibus abhorruit. abito lector et quoad 
potes, merere Cnaracteremy obt. 1 1 Col. Jun* A.D* 1704, atat. 5% ; 
and these of Blennerhasset^ gules, a cheyron, ertain between three 
dolphins, embowed argent. 

De Metton natusjacet Hie Niger tumulatus, 
Presbiter elatus ; sit ej deus et miseratus. 

Laurence Womack] clefk, departed this life Dec. SO,, 17My agi 
ars and fVomack, argent, a Hon rampant, gules, impaling Gw 

ed 57 


In the nave, 

" Here layeth Elizabeth late the wife of John Paston, on whose saule 
Jesu have mercy; the arms reaved. 

Thomas Ely of Castre St. Edmund buried in this church porch, gave 
by will in 1514, 2 acres and 3 roods of land, to the finding of two 
lamps in the said church and chancel before St. Edmund. 

In the church were the arms of Clere impaling Braunch, ardent, a 
lion rampant, gules bruised, with a bendlet sable and Mauteby impo^ 
Ing Bemey^ 

Here was a free chapel chantry, or college of CastrC'-hattdeAicMted 
to St. John Baptist, or the £vanselist, first founded by Sir Robert de 
Castre ; and Jolm Fastolf, Esq. father of Sir John FastolA removed 
the church which was on the bank, and almost devoured by the sea, 
to his own manor, called Castor Fastolf, valued. 


CASTOR. ,215 

Presentatiom to the Free Chapel, Chantry, or College of Cmtre^Hali. 

In 1500, Jdam de Fifebj^, Jeffrmf de CarJeton and RiAeri 4e Stane^ 
felds were instituted to this free chapel in the manor of Sir Willuam 
de Vauf, on the presentation of Sic William de Fans, and PeUr de 

In 131d> Nicholas Notteman, presfnted as above. 

1323, Robert Byrcktle to Sir John Vaus's chapel, by Sir John de 
Vdus ; ibis turn was by agreement between him and Sir Pt{t€f do 

. 1330, William de Auxilie, to the custody of the chapel in the late 
n^anor of Sir John de VaM£%, by Pe^er de, 6ozoun» * 

1333i Hen^ Brokhole, custoa of tlie chapel in the manor of Sir 
Philip hucycn, by Sir Phiiip. 

1337, John moyui^ by John Bozoun. 

1350, James he Baynion, by William de Lee» 

1450, Simon Norreys, by nilliam Bozoun. 

1377, William de ninston^ by John Fastolf, senior* 

1383, Thomas Hevdon, by John son of Alexr^ Fastolf. 

Th 1395, John farewell, Esq. and the Isdj Mar if Mortimer of 
Jlttleburgh, his wife, were patrons. 

1403, /io5ert Levesege, by Lady Mary Mortimer. 

1404, Join Lovenay. Ditto, 

1444, Thomas Hosbys, collated by the Bishop, as a present from Sir 
John Fastolf. 

1468, Mr. John Yotton, S.T.P. by the Bishop, a lapse. 

1483, Mr. Robert Bfampton, by John Paston, Esq. 

The chapel was dissolved in the 2d year of King Edward VI. after 
the resignation o( William Parker, the last master or cuslos, and 
granted to Sir William Paston, 

It was well endowed, as will appear from the grant of it on January 
14, in the 6th of King James I. to Thomas Corbet of Sprousion, Esq. 
and Robert Kemp of Antinsham, Gent, in trust. 

All that the late.dissolvecT free chapel in Caster St. Trinity, with its 
appurtenances, and all tithes of corn, grain and hay; wool, &c.lamb^ 
and all other tithes whatever, cominjz and arising from Sand-Maush, 
and Kill-Marsh, and a close called Lo»g-Lyit^5, and 120 acres of 
arable land in Caster, Ormesby, and Scroteby^ some time belonging to 
the said free chapel ; and also the annual pension of 4«. issuing out of 
the vicarage of Castre St. Trinity, and sometime belonging tp ohould'^ 
ham priory, foe. — to and for the uses following, viz. 

To the poor of Castre, 40s. per ann. to be distributed by tbe minis* 
ter and church wardens, for the time beins equally, at Easter and 
Christmas 20s.,- 8/. per ann. to the poor of Great Yarmouth, to be dis- 
tributed by the 'bailiffs; tbe rest for ever to Ralph Same, clerk in- 
cumbent of Castrcy and his successours for ever ^ on condition that 
he shall weekly there use tbe godly exercise of preaching, and ex* 
pounding the holy word of God, for better teaching and instructing 
the people there. 

Tnis deed, is inrolled-in the chancery, Jan* 17, ao» 6 James I. an'' 
the estate is now vested in feoflees. 

ai8 CASTOR. 

In this town was also the chapel of St. Margaret standing, in 1524 ; 
and in 1632, the lord of Castre is said to hold one acre, on which 
was St. Margaret^s chapeK 

In this chapel Sir John Fastolf designed to have erected a college 
for 7 monks, or secalar priests, and 7 poor men ; and to endow the 
same with 720 marks rent, out of his manor which he gave or sold to 
his consin John Paiton, Esq. who laboured to establish it till his death, 
410. 6 of Edward IV. as did Sir Jo/in his son ; bat whether it was ever 
incorporated or fully settled, may be doubted. 

That there were 6 priests and 6 poor men here, at the death of 
John Patton, Esq. will appear as follows from an old roll wrote at this 

time : 

Paid to 6 priests, for the quarter ending at ChrisUnas, the v yere 
of King Edw, 4.; 15/. 10$.; To them for their wages unto Estern 10/. 
i&. 8d.; Paid to Mondaynet for 2 quarters unto CArw^wwsy the v yere 
of King iirfzp. 4. 1S». 4d.; To SiiMoW for 2 quarters lOs.; Item, la 
other 4 of the pore men there 40j.; Item to the priests in full pay- 
ment unto Mighelmezse the 6 yere of King Edw. 4, 8/. 135. 4Jk; item 
unto them in full payment unto Christemesse qL 13s. 4d. 

F I L B Y. 

Ralp H Stalue was lord in the reign of the Confessor, and bad 2 
carucates, and 47 acres of land, 8 villains, 8cc. and 2 borderers with 
dne carucate in demean, and one among the tenants, and 14 acres of 
meadow, 2 ruhci, one covv^ 7 swine, &c. and 3 socmen had a caru- 
cate and an half with an acre of meadow* 

Fourteen freemen had also half a carucate of land, and 6 acres, 
with 2 carucates and an half, and one acre of meadow, valued then at 
40». at the survey at 50s. 

On the expulsfon of Stalre, the Conqueror granted it to Rabel 
the artificer, who had the command (as an engineer) of all the engines 
or brakes, and the direction of them at the battering efforts, &c.and 
had also from the Conqueror, the lordship of More, a village in J3/o- 
field hundred. 

The King and the Earl of tioff. had the soc of the freemen; and 
the town was one leuca and three furlongs and an half long, and half 
a leuca and 25 perches broad,'and paid 2s. gelt/ 

" TerreRabelli Artificis— -In Phileby ct dim. ct i ac. p'ti. tc. val. xl sol. p. ef 

ii car. t're. et xlviiac.ten.R. StalraT. mo. I. Rex et Comet soca' de lib'is 

R. E. p. man. tc. viii vill. p. et mo. vi ho'ib; et ht. i leug. et vi qr. et dim. in 

et ii bor. sep. i car. in d'nio. et i car. lon^. et dim. leug. in at. et xxv perc* 

hou'm. et xiiii ac. p'ti. sep. ii r. et i an. et ii sol. de g. q'c'q; ibi teneat. 
tc. vii por. mo. x et iii soc. xv acr. sep. In Phileby Ii. acr. i lib. h'o. T. R. 

i car. et dim. et i ac. p'ti et xiiii lib. E. deuxore illius h*ebat tu'c Ailuuinj 

ho'es. dim. car. t're. el vi ac* sep. ii car. comead't'm. &c. eadem uxor aichil 

F I L B Y. 217 

This seems^ soon after the sarvey, to have been in the Crown, and 
in the reign of Henry IL was possessed by William de Cheney^ a son 
of Robert Fitz-fVaUer^ founder of Horuford, priory; and by his 
daoghter and coheir Margaret^ came to nugh de Cressi, whose d^ 
soendantj Stephen de Crem, dying i. p. it came as an escheat to the 

King Henni III. granted it .to William de Valentia, hia brotber-in* 
law. Earl of Pembroke, abont the 50th year of his reign. 

Id the 14th of Edward I. that King ordered his justices itinerant^ 
by a mandamus, not to admit of any plea against his beloved uncle 
William de Valeniia Earl of Pembroke, on account of this manor, 
who in the preceding year had granted to Roger de Colvile and 
Ermentrude (alias jiaee his wife) widow of .Stephen de Creny, for 
dower, 5 marks rent for dower per ann. and her dower in Certeley, 
and PiUeuole in Bucki. 

This Earl had the lete, assise, and wreck at sea. Audomere his son. 
Earl of Pem6h)ft« inherited it. 

From that Earl it came by marriage to Divid de Strabolgie Earl 
of Athol, who died about the 49th of Edw. III. and by his 2 daugh- 
ters and coheirs, Elizabeth, by marriwe, first to Sir Thomas Percy, 
and after to Sir John Scroop; and by PhtUppa his other daughter, to 
Sir John de Halsham. 

The heiress of this last &mily brought the whole to John Lukenore, 
Esq. aB in West Lesham. 

In Ihe 3d of Edw,. IV. Sir Jeffrey Bolet/n died seised of it, having 

?orcbased it of the feoffees of the nabhams; and in the 4th otEd^. 
1. Sir James Boleyne conveyed it to Thomas C/ere, Esq. of Stokesby, 
£d son of Robert Clere, Esq. This Thomas married Jnn, daughter 
and heir of Robert Gyggf Esq. and was lord of Siokedfy. 

Mr. Gooche lord andpatron in 1740. 

Roger Bigot, ancestor of the Earl of Norfolk, had at the survey a 
lordship of which 4 freepsen were deprived, who held together 118 
acres of land^ a borderer, 'i carucates, and 4 acres of meaoow, with % 
saltworks, and the moiety of another, valued at 5s. and Stanart held 
it under Bi^ot.^ 

The ancient family of De Filby^ who assumed their name from this 
town, and were lords of this manor, who bore argent, an escotcheon 
and an orle of matters, gules. 

Sir Ralph de Fileby and Isabel his wife, were living about the year 
1280 ; and Robert de Fileby was lord qf East*Hall m this town in 
1315 ; in the 4th of Edward 111. he was living, and had 2 daughters 
and coheirs ; Joan, married to Richard de Berking, and Isabel, to John 
de Holbek, who held it by equal moieties. In the gth of EdwardA,LU 
Richard dc Berking and Joan his wife, settled the moiety of it^ and 
the advowson of the church, on their heirs. 

h'ebat ex hac t'ra. 8c Comes R. ex hac ad suum feudum mo. aervat Godricus in 

t'ra seisit; erat q'n forisfecit. k Rob. manu Regis & est in ilia t'ra i car. & i 

Blund. cam tebunit ad censum in manu car. Sc dim. p'ti. val. v sol. 

R^is. Postea sub Godrico invasit idem » Terra Rogeri Bigoti ^In Filebjr 

Ailuuin; AntecR. Bigot & Stanart filius iiii lib. ho'es simul cxviii ac^. t're. et t 

ejus earn tenebat & ex hoc dtdit. vadem. bor. semp. ii car. et iiii ac. p*ti. et ii sal* 

Rog. Bigot enim revocat. banc terram et dim* et val. v sol. hoc tenet Stanart. 

VOL. XI* F f 

218 F I L B Y. 

He and Holbek were boand to hold it of the EarUManhal in the 
ddd of tlie said King, and had aiternately the presentation. 

In 1390, John Berking of RoUesby presented as lord, 

JoJcn de Volbeck was probably son of Ralph Holbeek, and Uargtty 
bis wife, to whom Sir Alexandtr de Clavering in the £5th of Edwarn, W 
granted his manor of Stokesby. 

The manor of Berkings came to the Giggs. Robert Giggs, Gent, 
of Sparham, held it at his death in 1434, and was patron of the church, 
and came after to the Cleres of Stokesby. 

The £arl Warren had a lordship of which Esigar a freeman was 
deprived, who held a carucate of land and 9 acres^ one villain and 3 
borderers, with a carucate in demean, and half a carucate among the 
tenants^ with 2 acres of meadow, and 3 saltworks, &c. then vSued 
at 8«. at the survey at Ifis.and TtiroM held it under the Earl Warren? 

Richard Jguillon was lord in the reign of King Henry 11. whose 
daughter and heir^ Isabel, brought it by marriage to Sir Robert de 
Holm, who was also lord of Holme Hate* 

His son Sir Gyles was lord in the 84th of Henry HL and held it of 
the Earl Warrai by a quarter of a fee. 

Sir Robert de Holm, one of the justices of traiUbaston in the 3d of 
Edward I. had the assise of bread and beer, view of frank pledge, 8cc« 

Gyles de Hulmo claimed the same in the 14th of that king. Gyles 
and Joan his wife, and one of the same name, was living in the 18th 

of the said reign, who dying without issue it came to • de Plum€^ 

stede, by the marriage of ^^'ctf, sister and heir of Oyles, 

John de Plumstede kept his fir^t court at Filby in 13M. jtliee his 
daughter and heir brought it to Sir Edvoarddt llley,Vfho died lord in ' 

1567, Sir Richard de Illey, son of Sir Edmund, sold to William de 
Topcroft, burgess of Yarmouth, the 3d part of this lordship of HoUn 
Hall in Filby, and also granted an annuity of 5/. per ann. to Kalpk 
tJorman, 8lc. of Fi/by, and of his manor of Plumstede Paroa. 

About this time Alianore de Burghweod had a Sd part, which she 
conveyed to Eller^ Colyn of Yarmouth, who possessed it in 1386, and 
Isabel Gegges in 1402, who conveyed it in trust, 8lc. to Matihewde 
Salle, parson of Stokesby, with all iu rents, &c. 

In 1S73, John, son of Ralph Norman, bad 2 parts of this manor, 
and John Norman, senior, held it in 1402. 

Matt/KW de Salle granted Gegses part in trust to William de 
Frisseby, rector of jFV%, 1412, and Edmund Norman, son of John, 
died lord in 1444. In the following year, John Lynford of Sialham, 
, released to Sir John Fastolfthe 2 parts that Norman held; but this 
was in trust, for about this time Wm. Pickering and Cecily his wife, 
held not only the Sd part called Burghwood\ but also Norman's 2 
parts purchased of his executors. 

The said William settled it on John Paston, Esq. who released it 
to Nicholas Pickering in 14^0. 

In 1474, Edmund' Jenney and Catherine his wife, impleaded (as 
heirs to Illey) in her right, John Pickering on account of this manor. 

nuM'*^*^ ^"^'Mi de Warrrana In vill. scp. iii bor. et i car. fa d'nio. ct 

Fhikty Turold. tenet i libu' ho'm Est- dim. car. hom. et ii ac. p'd. tc. iii sal. 
fisn. T. R E. i car. t're. et ix ac, tc, i mo. ii tc. val. viii sol, mo. xr'u 

FIL.BY. 219 

After this it was in the Pastons* Sir William Paston died seised of 
it in the first and 2d of Philip and Mary. 

Id the 1 Ith of James I. on the death of Sir William Paston, he was 
found to hold it of Thomas Clcrt, Esq. as of his manor of Stokesby, in 
soccage, and lOr. rent per ann. 

The abbey of St. Bennet of Holm» had a lordship in the time of 
the Confessor, and at the survey^ containing one carucate of land, and 
90 acres, with foar borderers, one carucate in demean, and 3 acres of 
meadow, a saltwork, &c. and 3 freemen held under commendation 
odIv of the abbot, 42 acres, one villain, and a carucate and a half, 
with an acre and half of meadow, valued in the whole at SOs.^ 

This on an exchange with other lands belonging to the abbey at the 
dtasolotiori, was granted by King Henry VIII. to the see of worwich. 

William de Valentia held 42 acres of the abbot of St. Bennet in the 
dd of Edward I. 

William de Scohies had a carucate of land and a half, with IS 
acres, 2 borderers, and the moiety of another ; and 2 carucates and a 
half with 13 acres of meiadow, 5 saltworks; a church with 5 acres, 
va]ned at 6d. of which a freeman was deprived* 

Hwh held it at the survey under William de Scohies, when it was 
valued at SOs. before at 40s. the King and the Earl had the soc.' This 
went with Scohies manor of Stokesby. 

The tenths were g/. Deducted U. 

The Church of Filby is a rectory, dedicated to All'Sainis, anci* 
ently valued at 22 marks. Emald Bill had the presentation or 
advowson of it granted him by King John in his 2a year, and was 
depending on the Crown manor, which was granted, as is above 
shewn, to William Cheney and his descendant. 

Roger de Cressi as lord, released to Ralph Byl and his heirs> all his 
right therein, in the 2 ith of Heufy III. by fine. 

In the reign of Edward I. the priory of Sib Faith*s had a portion of 
tithe, valuea at 4 marks per.ann. The hospital of Norman in Nor- 
wich a portion valued at 155. per ann*; and the priory of Norwich 
one at 135. 4d* being 2 parts of the tithes of Morelleys de Merlay and 
Emme his wife. 

Pr/rr-pence 25. The present valor is 11/. ls.4d. ob. and pays first 
fruits and tenths. 

Thomas de Blumvile Bishop of Norwich confirmed to the priory of 
Norwich their right here.^ The portion of Norman's hospital was 2 
parte of the tithes of the demeans of Sir Robert de Hulmo. 

♦ T'rc. S'ci. Benedicti de Hulmo- — ? Terra Willi, de Scohies ■ In 

In Phileby tenet aep. S. B. tear. t're. et Filebei tenet Hugo i ( lib. horn. ) i car. 

XX ac. Sep. iiii bor. et i car in d'nio. et t're. et dim. et xiii ac. sep. ii bord. et 

iii ac. p'ti. et i sal. me. i ruac. et iii libi. dim. et ii car. et dim. et xiii ac. p'ti v 

ho'es com'd. tautu* xiii ac. sep. i vill* saline, i ecclia t ac. et val. vid. tc» val. 

. et i car. et dim. et i ac, et dim. p'ti. val, xl. sol. mo. Ixxx Rex. et Comes socam. 

ill sol. < Reg. i Ecc. Cath. Norw. fol. 37 

£«0 F I L B Y. 


151^^ John de Wykelwode instituted rector, presented by Robert de 

\S^S, Robert de Fileby, by John Bfz Ralph de Holebeck. 

1335, WiUiam de Berdefeld, by Richarde Berkyng, 

1347, John Holbeck, by John Holbeck, * 

IS90, Richard de Derhngton, by John Berking of Rollesbv. 

1404, Mr. William Fryseby, by Thomas Spaync, John Kushtby, 
John Knight. 

1436, Robert Inslos, by Sir Henry Inglos. 

John Berking of Rolleshy sold to Sir Henry a rood of land in 
Hlby, with ihe advowson, and Sir Henry by bis will in 1451^'ordered 
it to be 80M. 

1474, Mr. Andrew Jenney, A. M. by Bartholomew fVhyte,Esq. of 

\505, John White, S.T.P. by Symon H'^e, Esq. be resigned in 

Thomas Stafford was rector about I6OO, and Charles Clere, Esq. 

"Nicholas Staynes Qompounded for first fruits, 8cc. Jfay, 1£, l6M. 

James tVace died rector in 1722, and was succeeded by Thomas 
Whaits, presented by Robert Gooch, Gent. 

The Chubch has a nave covered with reed, a north and south isle 
covered with lead^ and a chancel, and a lofty tower with 5 bells. 

In the chancel on a marble stone. 

Here resteth the body oj Charles Keene Gent, who died Deer. 1, 
1646, lord of the manor. 

One in memory of John Keen, 

Hicjacet Johs, Keen Generosus qui obt. 5 die Sept. 1686. 

Also these arms, a talbot passant, in chief indented, S cross cro^s- 
lets, impaling a chevron, between 3 pakr of wings* 

One for James Wace, clerk, rector'40 years, be departed JJloy 95, 
1722, aged 66 ; and Anne his wife, daughter of Thomas JVUd, Gent, 
who died May 14, 1721, aged 52 years: a chevron between two 
mullets, a buck's bead impaling. 

In the church. 

Orate p. a'iab; fViUi. Botolfet Agnetis uxoris sue* 


In memory of Eliz. daughter of Sam. Spendbve Gent, the wife of 
John Liffere, who died Septr. 21, 1679- 

One for Eliz. wife of Sam. Spendhce, who died January 1 1, 17 10^ 
aged 82. 

Here resteth the body of Sam. Spendlave Gent, who died Octr. fiS, 

1678, agedQO. 

H E R I N G B Y. 221 

In the cbaDcet were these arms : Argent^ three crescents^ sable, 
Lamerion, impaliog table, a chevroD, between three hunters hbros, 
with bandricks, gable, Hunter. 

Walter Lemerton of Filby Gent, baried in the charch in 1503. 

Id 1444^ Edmund Norman of Filbf buried in thechorcb of Cromer 
gave 10 marks for £ new windows on the north part of the church at 
the west end> and 40d» to St. Baptitt's chapel in Filby church, in 
which windows were the images of St. Edmund, St. John Baptist, and 
St* Mary; with an orate for him, Margaret^his wife, and Edmund 
his son, and this shield. 

Sable, a cinquefoii, and a chief indented, argent. ^ 

Nicholas Pykering was baried in l46S, in the steeple of this church ; 
gives to St. Marjfs light on the Perke, 6d.; to that of St Nicholae 
4d.; to that of St. John in his chapel in the churchojard, 6d.; to St. 
Margaret's guild at the west end of the town, a quarter of barley, and 
a comb to St. Marys guild at the east end of the town ; to~ everj 
oider of friars at Yarmouth lOs.; to the sisters of the hospital there, 
fix, to the lepars at each gate of the town, 2d.; 5 marks to buy aa 
aotiphonary for Fdlby church ; names John his son and Alice his 
daughter ; and gives an acre and a half glebe to the church. 

n alter Shipdam buried in 1466 by St. Mary of Pity, in the church* 

The prior of Hicklin^ bad 6 acres of land here in the 15th of Ed^ 
wardL Their temporalities in 1428, valued at9s« 

On March 26, in the 27tb of Elizabeth, George Petre had a grant 
of the tithes late the prior oJP Horsham St. Faith's in this town, laver* 
ham, and Newton, with those of Shelfangre, lately belonging to the 
prior of Eye in Suffolk, for 21 years. The temporalities otifeybridge 
priory \%d. 

H E R I N G B Y. 


1 HE Conqueror was lord at the survey. A 'freeman of Jbnar 
Bishop of Elmham had in the reign of the Confessor 100 acres, 12 
vMlains, and 2 borderers, with one carucate in demean, one and a half 
among the tenants, 4 acres of meadow, four saltworks, the moiety of 
another ; 8 freemen belonged to it, who held 43 acres and a half, 
with a carucate and a half, and 3 acres of meadow, a saltwork, pas« 
tare for 100 sheep. 

Rainbald the gpldsmith held it at the survey of the Conqueror, but 
it lately belongedto Ralph Earl of Norfolk, who had forfeited it.^ 
la the 8th of Richard I. John Hautyn was lord, and gave the 

7 Itti s^t libi ho'es Regis In Ha* jacent vtii libi. ho'es xliii ac. et dim. et 

ringebei c ac. i lib. ho Almari Epi. T^ i car. et dim. et iii ac. p'ti. et i sal. pas* 

&• £. semp. xW villani et ii bordarij et i tura'e ovs. se*p. val. xx tot. banc tenet 

"Otr* ia domioio. et i car. et dim. ho'um Rainbald. Aurilaber et fuit de feudo* R* 

iiii act p'ti. el iiii sal. et dim« huic t'xe. Comitis*- 

see H E R I N G B Y. 

?atroDage of the charch to the priory of Catdeacre ; bod probably of 
^heobatd Hauieyn, lord of Hailsden m the reign of Henry II. See 

Wiiliam, son of Roger de Htringbvy quilted all claim in the advow- 
son to the prior, in the 24th of Henry IIL and fVilliam, son otBkhard, 
was querent in a fine^ and WiUiam de Heringby deforcient, of mes- 
suases and land in the 35tb of the said King. 
' Rumo Hauteyn was lord in the 3d of Edw. I. and held it in capite 
of the King. William de Ormesdy, Walter de Btmham^ (of whom see 
in Havlesaon) and William de Redhaniy were returned to be lords in 
the gtn oi Edward 11. of this village and of Thurkeby, 

In the 19th of that King, James de Quitwell and Alice his. wife, 
settled by fine-on Thomas^ son of Robert de Drayton, and Alexander 
de Thirkeby, chaplain, messuages and lands, and pasture for 66 sheep, 
here and in Stokesby. 

Sumon de Ormesby and William de Gaseley, conveyed by fine to 
Robert, son of J ejfrey de Elys, of Great Jememuth, lands here and in 
Stokesby, and Kkewise in Thurkeby. 

After this, John Spencer, Esq. and Catherine his wife, conveyed by 
fine to Sir Symon Felbrigg, John Huberd, Sic. 120 acres of land, 10 
of meadow, forty of marsh, and Ids. 6d. with the manor of Haringhf, 
in the 3d of Henry V. and John Comwaleys, John TyreU, and J»ar- 
garet his wife, settled it on Sir John Fastolff Sir Henry Ingks, 8cc. 
in the dth of Hen. VL 

Sir John Fastolf died possessed of it in the d8th of that King, then 
called Heringby Spencer's manor, and Heringby^Fens. 

John Paston, Esq. died lord of Spencer's manor in the 6th of Ed^ 
ward IV » 

After this, Hugh Atte Fenne was lord, and by his will in 1 575, settled 
it en his college ,in this town, and also patron. 


This college was foanded according to the will of Hugh Attefennby. 
Alianore his widow, and William Jennw, seneant at law, supervisors 
of his will, William Essex, Henry Heyaon, Edmund Jenney, and Ed- 
mund Whitemell, hia executors ; the will was dated February 5, 1475, 
wherein Hugh appoints a master or governor, 3 priests, 8 poor folks, 
and 2 servants in his alms-house, called God's-poor-almesbouse, and 
his, and thereby settles 44/. per ann* thereon. And they with Mr. 
Stephen Mayiier, clerk, rector of the church of Morle, Thomas Gr&und, 
clerk, rector of Haringby, by deed, enfeoffed William Jenney serjeant 
at law, William Essex, Master Henry Attefenne, clerk, Master John 
Browet, clerk, Robert Clere of Ormesby, Esq. Henry Heydon, Henry 
Spilman, Edmund Jenney^ Edmund Clere, Esq. of his manor and 
church of Haringby, and with all his manors, lands, in Stokesby, Bar^ 
ton, &c. which they had of the feoffment of Hugh Attefenne, Sir 
John Paston, Knt. Guy Fairfax, serjeant at law, Richard Picot, ser- 
jeant at law, and John Paston, Esq. 

in the first of Henry 1. 1 find that Thomas Baynard was collector 
of the rents and farms of the manors and lands belonging te thiscol* 
lege, in the hands of Sir Henry- Heydon, Edmund Jenney, SCc. feofiees. 



and that he paid on the vigil of Sfc. Thomas the Apostle, in the ^ 
year of the said King, to the master or custos of the said hospital, 1 1/.; 
on the vigil of the. Annunciation 11/.; on the vigil of St. John Baptist, 
1 1/.; and on the vigil of St. Michael 11/. 

Total 44/. Also to the abbot of St. Bennet^ 5Ss. and 4d. as super- 
visor of the will of the founder. 

Also for repairing of the lead of that abbey, according to the foan« 
der's will. To the repair of the bridge of fVeybridge, abd the causey, 
6$. 8d. and that he had paid in all 7^. 1 U» ^. 

B^ this he then stood charged with IS/. 5s. 6d. and that he had 
received for the whole year 85/. l6f. 6d. ob. 

What this college possessed ' will appear from the grant of King 
Hemy VII. in his d6th year, Jptil IS, to Sir William fVoodhouse of 

Barton, Bury'^Hall manor, paying a fee farm rent of \%s. 4d* ob. 
ptf atra. Stalham, Lynfor^s manor and fViltts, paying 2S«. lid. 
o6. q. Edingthorp, Houchiag^s manor, paying 2s. Idf. o6. per ann, in 

The matior of Rothenhale, paying £2s. 4d, ob. q. per am.; and the 
manor of Kessingland in Suffolk, paying \6s» 3d, q, per ann. 

Together with all the lands, &c. in England^ belonging to the said 
college, except the precinct and site of the said college in Heringby, 
a marsh called Chiles in Tunstal, with the manor of Heringby, &c. 

On the 28th of July in the 37 th of the said King, Sir Thomas Clere 
had a grant of the manor of Ueringby, the site and precinct uf the 
college, paying 38«. Qd* ob* per ann. of Child^s-Marsh in Tunstal, and 
all the lands and messoages belonging to the college in Heringby. 

Thomas Clere, Esq. of St okesby,bh grandson was lord in 1599* See 
in Stokesby. 

Il was valued ao» 26th of Henry VIII. at 23/. 6s. 5d. per ann. . As 
Dugdale and Speed. 

1 have met with some papers giving more account of this house. 

Yerly pensions : first, to the parson of Heringby, if he be resient 
tfaer, by the yer 10s. — To the church clerk there vs. — ^To the repair of 
the convent 20d — To evVy of the houses of the 4 orders of fryers 
(Ss. Sd. that is 26s. Sd.— To the hospital of Yarmouth, 3s. Ad.-^To the 
repair of the brig there, 3s. 4d. — ^To the church clerk of Yarm^th, 
6f. Sd. — ^To the charnel there, 3s. 4d. — To the church of Heveninsby 
3«. 4c/.— To the church clerk of iS<oAes6y, Ss. 4d.— To the gilde ofSt. 
Ethelbert, 2s. — To the house of Lepers at Yarmouth, I2d. — a certeyh 
to the parson 4s. — ^To the church clerk oP RotAam, 3s. 4i/. — ^To the 
church of Thurkeby, 3s. — ^For reparations of Weybrig 6s. 8i/.-^To my 
lord of St. Bennet 53s. 4d. 

Hereafter ensueyth diverse articles to be reml>ryd for such pryers, 
as beyn to be yerly had aiid oonteyneth for ever, as well in the new 
College of Ipswicne for the sowle of Hugh Fenne, as at the college 
called jBTmisg^ college. 

Fyrst to be remembred that ther ever contynue in the place, called 
Heringby college, oon pryst and too poremen. 

Item the pryst to have for wages yerly 14/. for ever in almes^— 
Item that every of the pore men have for their wages, and in recom- 
pence of their horde and fynding^yerly, Sd. by the weke. — It. to be 
given qtly and yerly for ever in almes, IQs. at the said college of 

^£4 HERIN6BY. 

Hcrynsby, to 5e employed among pore folkesia those parts by the di 
cretion of- - - - - 

It. to have ther yerly oon daye for an obbyt solemply to be kept for 
ever, and the same day to be gyvyn in almes yerly 20s. and 4i precher 
ther to be p'vyded, and he to have for bis paynes the sameiJay lOf. — 
It. the same Hugh Fenne to have dayly in the said New PoUege Yppit^ 
wicAff oon Collet to be specially rehersyd by name for the said 
Hugh Fenne in i 1 1 several messes and there soiemply kept dayly,-^ 
It. the 14 bede men that beyn and shall contynew in the said college 
to prey for the said Hugh fenne by name, like as they shall prey for 
my lord cardynaL — It. the said Hugh Fenne to be p'taker in the said 
college oi all the suffrages and prayers in the college as lyke as my 
lord cmrdiual have. 

It seems by this that Cardinal Jfoobey had obtained some grant of 

lands belonging to this hospital, for hb new college erecting at !)»- 

' wichy which by bis disgrace and death was never completed, and it is 

to be observed that the words above in Italic characters, are erased 

in the original. 

The tenths were 40s. Dednct. - - - • 

, The CHURcq is dedicated to St. Elhelbert^ and was a rectory va- 
lued at 8 marks, and the prior otCasileacre bad a portion of 50i. and 
paid P«/er-pence, 9d. ob. — ^The present valor is 5L 

In the 8th of Edward I. JoAii Hauteyn gave by fine, levied be-' 
fore Hubert archbishop of Canterbury^ R. de Hereford, Sinum de 
Pateshall, &c. the King's justices, this church to the aforesaid priory/ 
to be appropriated to that convent, after the death of his •brother Ico- 
bert Hauteyn, then rector, who was to pay to the monks 20s»perif mi. 
during his life, and then the priory to have the whole ; and for this 
grant the convent released all their right in Hailesdon advowson, and 
the tithes of their mills and lands called Rutlighale; and John of Ox* 
ford Bishop of Norvrich confirmed the appropriation after Roberfs 
death, with Hubert archbishop of Canterbury. 

in the 25th of Henry HI. William, son of Rf^er de Haringby^ re- 
leased by fine, before Kobert de Lexington, William de York, provost 
of Beverly, King's justices, all his right in this advowson; and so did 
Ralph, son of John de Hauteyn ; after Roberfs death, the monks 
applied to William de Raleigh, then Bishop, to appropriate it ; bat 
on an inouisition, the revenues were found to be so small, that there 
was but little more than would maintain a vicar, and he appointed 
that the rector should have the whole, paying a pension of three 
marks per ann. to the prior. 


1255, William de Foteston, instituted, presented by the prior of 
Castleacre. * 

1266, Mr. Sampson. Ditto. 
1500, David de Gelyngham^ 
IdSe, Peter de Beletramis. 

* Reg. Castleac, foK soS, 6o. 

II E R I N G B t. iiS 

13269 Mr. Richard de Shrophatn. 

1328, HamoH Put. • 

134y, Jeff. Laurence, 

1392, John Sekersteyn. 

139S9 John Baccun. 

1394, Thomas Ward. 

1406, Robert Bettes. 

1414, Robert Rande. 

1415, Hugh Astbury. 

1416, John Northill. 
1416, John Carter^, 
14)8, John Gayrztang. 
14^^4, Simon I)acke. • 
14^5, John Cowherd. 

1462, Robert Norvpich, by the Bishop, a lapse. 

1463, Thomas Gronde, by the prior, &c. 

In 1471/ Nichoias, prior, and the convent of Casileacre, released to 
Hugh Atte Fentie, all their right in a pension of 40s. paid by Hugh 
oat of the church of Haryr^by, and he purchased the patronage of 
that priory ; gave it to his colleee to be annexed to the mastersnip. 

In 1474, Hugh Atte Fenne ox Haringby was baried by his mother, 
and ancestors in this church, and save 100 marks to build the roof, 
&c. and 500 marks at least to be laid out by his executors upon the 
making of the steeple of the cathedral at Norwich, to the honour and 
pleasure of the blessed Virgin. ' 

In 147B, John Dowe, rector, presented by Henry Heydon, Esq. and 
Edmund Wydewell, at the nomination of the abbot of Holm, accord- 
ing to Fenn's mil, master also of the college. 

1490, J^. Lesingham, rector and master, by Sir Henry Heydon, 
KdL Edmund Jemiey, Robert Clere, and Thomas Banyard. 

1508, George Napers, by the Bishop, a lapse. 

1522, Gregory Mady, by Sir Edmund Jenney, and Sir Roger Clere. 

1532, Mr. Sim. Petit, A. M. by John Heydon, and Sir William 
Paston, Kuts. feoffees, according to the nomination of the abbot of 

1541, John Ueithv, instituted to the church and college annexed 
by Thomas Heithe, by grant of this turn from the abbot of Su Bennet. 

John Wace died rector ip 1730, and 

William Berney was presented by John Jermy, hac vice. 

\1 41, William Heme : see in Stokesby. 

114^, Richard Berney. 

On the dissolutipn of this college, the patronage came with the sito 
of the college, by grant of the Crown, to Sir Thomas Clere of Stokesby. 

Edmund Warter occurs rector A^. 1 1 Elizabeth'. 

John Holt was rector, and succeeded by Thomas Lewgar in 1 6 17, 
Thomas Clete, Esq. being patron, who held it with Stokesby, to which 
it is annexed, and it dilapidated, soon after the dissolution of the 

Id 17 '"_' George England, Esq. was lord and patron^ and of 
Stokesby: See there. 

YOL. XI. G g 

[426 ] 


W1STON9 a freeman of Ralph Stalra, held it in the Confessor's 
time, consisting of a carucate and a half of land, 7 villains, 2 border- 
ers, and 2 servi, there was a carucate and a half in demean, and one 
among the tenants, with 4 acres of meadow, and the moiety of a mill, 
7 salt works^ 7 cows, 2 swine, and 122 sheep. Sixteen freemen and 
the moiety of another held under commendation only 80 acres of 
land ; there were always belonging to it 4 carucates, 2 acres and a 
half of meadow, and 4 salt works; and there were 14 freemen which 
Ralph, the Earf of 'Norfolk added, and they had 2 carucates and 50 
acres of land, with 7 borderers, and the moiety of another, always 9 
carucates and 10 acres of meadow, with 6 salt works and an half, 
and the fourth part of one. The King and the Earl had the socof the 
whole, and all the freemen's tenure was valued at 50s» but at the 
survey at 53s. and 7d. the other at 40s. after at 508. and at the survey 
at 66s. and 6d.; it was one leuca long, and 8 furlongs broad^ and paid 

Tnis lordship was granted to Ralph Guader Earl of Norfolk, but 
how long after the expulsion of Wiston at the Conquest does not ap« 
pear; this Ralph forfeited it on his rebellion against the Conqueror, 
and Godric was steward of it for him, when Domesday Book was 

, A family who took their name from the town were early enfeoSed 
of it by the Crown, Simon de Matideby had an interest herein in the 
lOth year of Richard I. when he was tenent, and Lambert Fitz OlAo, 
petent, in a fine of 16 acres of land. 

In the 4th of Henry III. Robert, son of Robert de Mauteby, Gyles, 
John, Jeff'rey, Matt, and Ralph his brothers, came to an agreement 
with Robert, son of Walter de Mauteby, for 3 carucates of land which 
they claimed as the inheri^nce of Robert , son of Richard th^ir father, 
which they released to Robert, son of fValter, 

Robert de Mauteby, son of Richard aforementioned, gave to God, 
and St* Mary of Sibton priory in Suffolk, all his rent in his ^alt works 
here by deed sans date ; witnesses, Sir fVilliam de Dweby, Sir Richard 
de Clipesby, Sir fVasin de Roulesby ; the seal large^ ana a lion ram* 
pant, * 

' Tre Regis qua' Godric servat-— — xiiii lib. ho'es quos addidit R. Comet et 

Malteby tenuit Wiston lib. ho. Rad. ht. ii car. tre. et Lacet viibord.etdim. 
Stalra i car. tre et dim. semp. vii vill. et - semp. viiii car. x ac. p'ti. et vi sal. et 

ii bord* et ii ser. et i car. et dim. in dim. et quarta pars unius. Rex et Comes 

d'nio. et i car. horn, iiii ac. p'ti. mo. de toto sep. soca. et cms. isti lib. ho^s 

dim. mol. et sep. Vii sal. et vii anim. et val. xxx sol. tc. mo. liii sol. & viid. Se 

iipor. etcxxiiov. et xxi lib. ho'es et manerio t'c. val. Lx sol. et pt. l mo. 

dim. corod. tantu' Lxxx oc. tre. sep. iiii Lxvi et y\d et ht. i leu. in Ipng. et viii 

car. et ii ac. et dim. p'ti* et iiii sal. et quar. in lat. et ii sol. de g,r 


tValter de Maut^y had free-warren in the S2d of Henry IIL and 
in the 34th Walter de Mauteb^, son of Robert, was lord, and in the . 
-4l8t; and in 1270, William Ahyn of Stokesby, Epidia de Harynby, 
&c. co-feoffees of Richard de Haringby deceased, received of Sir Wal^ 
ter de Mauteby 6 marks of silver due to the said Richard, this, for the 
greater security (as the receipt specifies), was sealed by the seal of the 
official in the cathedral church of Norwich; the seal was broken, but 
part of it seemed to be the impress of a great church. 

In the 20th of Edward I. the jury find, that neither the manor, or, 
any lands in Mauiaby were partable, but were to descend to Robert 
dt Mauteby, son and heir of Walter; aod Sir Robert de Mauteby occurs 
lord in 1300. ■ 

John de Mauteby was lord in the 9th of Edward II. and also in y/ 
1330, and in 1336, in the 10th of Edward \U. as appeared from a 
deed of that date; . * 

Sir Robert de Mauteby and Alianore his wife, living as by a fine in 

In 1366, Sir John de Mauteby in the 40lh of Edward IIJl. was a 
feoffee for the manors of Lanwades^ in Weston, and Peek^hall in jTt- 
tleshale in Norfolk, and sealed with a plain cross ; and in the year 
1374, Sir John de Mauteby, son of Sir John, was buried before the 
altar of St. Mary's, in the church of Freton St. Edrhund, ia Suffolk, 
where he lived/ 

Sir John de Mauteby, lord in the 5th of Richard II. and in 1396, 
Sir John de Mauteby and Jgnes his wife enfeoffed Sir Adam Clifton 
in bis manors of Mauteby, ninterton, East Somerton, 8tc. for the use 
of John, his eldest son, &c. in tail. 

In 1403, Sir John de Mauteby made his la^ will and testament, on 
Octobej 27 and 29, to be buried in the church of St. Peter and St. 
Paul of Mauteby, in the chapel of St. Mary, by the body of Agnes 
Ilia wife, under the same marble stone, on the right hand ;- appoints 
Robert de Martham, Gef. de Somerton, John de Gresham, &c.* exe- 
ctttors ; give^ to Robert, his son and heir, all his horses, cows, carU, 
com, bees, wardrobe, ornramenls of his chapel in Mauteby manor ; to • 
John his son, a piece of silver, late John Mauteby's his uncle's, &c. 
to Thomas, his son, another piece, &c. proved December 18, follow- 
ing; this Sir John died Octoter 30, 1403. 

Robert Mauteby, Esq. enfeoffed in 1413, Sir Miles Stapleton, Sir 
Sim. Felbrigge, Sir William Argenton, &c. in the manors of Mauteby, 
Sparham, Sasingham, Beckam, Matlash, Briston, Kirk-hall in Salle, 
JFlegg-haU in JVinterton, Somerton, &c. 100s. rent in Castre, and Mer- 
keshale, Freton manor in Suffolk, to fulfill his will made in the same 
year, by which he enjoyns Eleanor his wife, to pay his debts ; 20 
marks per ann. for two years to John his son, for maintenance ; 5 
marks to brother John Ocle, to serve for him and his families* soul, 
and John to pay him 5/. per ann. For life, 20s. per ann. to Eleanor his 
daughter, a nan at Shouldham ; 80/. to the marriage of Agnes his 
daughter ; his wife with the remaining profits, to keep Walter, Edward, 
Peter, and Thomas his sons, till of age, and Agnes till married. AH 
the manors pftcr his mother, and his brothers and sister provided for, 
to be released to John his son and his heirs, entailed 5 and if Agne$ 

■ Reg. Haydon. fol^s* * I^^g- Harsykc, fol, 298. 


dies unmarried withoat her portion, ihat to go to the repair of 

«ie south isle of Mauteby church ; Jlianore his widow, remarried 

Thomas Chambers, Esq, lord of Sparham in her right A\ 20th of 
Henry \ I. ^ ^ 

John, son and heir; of Robert Mauteby, Esq. married Margaret, 
daughter of John Berney, Esq. of Reedham, by whom he had Mar- 
garet his only daughter and heir, who married John Paston, Esq. son 
and heir of Sir William Paston the judge, and brought a great Estate 
into that family ; by her will dated February A, 1481, then his widow, 
and proTed December 18, 1484; " bequeaths her body to be buried 
" '*r !i- ^'^ ^^*' church of MavteOy, in which ele, rest the bodyes 
^' of diverse of myne ancestors, I wyll that my executors purvey a 
'' stone of marble to be leyde aloft, upon my grave, and 1 wvll have 
« four scolchyns set thereon, one at each corner thereof, the first, 
Paston, and Mauteby; the second, Mauteby, and Burney o( Rede- 
il ^^^',.•^1 **'>'*d,37iitt/ffry,and the Lord Loveyn, the fuurtli, Mauteby, 
*' and Sir Roger Beauchamp, and in the middle, of the stone, a scotchyn 
" of arms alone ; and under the same— God is my trust ; with a scrip- 
" ture written in the verges thereof," 

Herejyeth Margaret Paston, late mefofjohn Paston, doiwhter and 
heyre of John Mawtebv, Squyr. ^ 

Item. I will that eche pore houshold late my tenants at Sparham 
have ()s.~Item. to the reparation of the church of Redham ther I was 
born, 1 bequelhe 5 marks, and a chesible of silk, with an aube with 
^y ^rj^,^^^^reupon.—Item. to the dean and his brethren at the cha- 
pel a feild 20«.— to Edmund Paston my son, a standing peice covered 
with an unicorn ;-lo Katherine his wife,a purpyllegurdyll,harne8ed 
ivith silver and gylt;— to Robert, son of the said Edmund, all my 
swans, marken with Dawineys mark, and with the mark late Robert 
[j^tfer, clerk, and to his heirs i— to Ann my daughter, wief of WiUiam 
lelverton, myne green hanging in my parlour at Mawteby; to fVU^ 
Itam Paston my son, my standing cuppe, chased parsel gylte, with a 
cover, with my arms in the bottome, and a flate peece with a trayll ' 
upon the cover, 1« silver spoones, 2 silver salts;— to John Paston my 
son, a gylt cuppe, and to Mqrgery Paston, wief of the said John, my 
put of Sliver : to William Paston, son of the said John, and Elizabeth 
tiis sister, 100 marks; -to Custance, bastard. daughter of Sir John Pas- 
ton, when she is 20 years of age ;~ to John CaHe, son of Margery my 
daughter, 20/. when she cometh to age of 24 ;— to Ann my daughter 
10/.— to Osbern Berner, 10 marks John Paston, sqeyer, my sod. 

Id this familjj it continued. Sir WUliam Paston was found to die 
posseted of it, in the jeign of King Janus I. after the death of WU. 
Itam laston Earl of Yarmouth, who died without any survivins issue 
male, his estates were sold to pay his debte, and this lordship with manv 
lord ia'176-""''*^ *° *^^ ^'^^^ Honourable Lord Jti^, who died 

Roger Bigot, HucestoT of the Earls of Norfolk, had a small tenaie 
at ihe survey which ^fore the Conquest waslield by a freeman, under 
the commendation of Jlwin,^ containing 20 acres and a half of land, 


I lib. ho. sub. Aluinocomdat. Untu' xx ii bov. et i ac. p* ti. et sal. et val. vfid. 


with S borderers^ aod 2 bovates, and one acre of meadow, with a salt 
work valued at 7d, 

Williaffi dc Seohies had also lands which' Hugh held of him, pos* 
sessed by % freemen, and the moiety of another, belonging to Seohies 
capital lordship of Stokesby.* 

The family of De Redham had an interest in this, the Bemeys, and 
after the Cleres of Stokesby, &c. 

The CflyHCH is a rectory, dedicated to St. Peter and St. Paul, the 
old valor was SO marks; the prior of Merton in Surrey had a portion 
of tithe, valued at 30s.— Pffer-pence 2s. bat in the chartulary of Mer- 
lon, it is said to be but ISs. 4<f. — The present valor is IS/. 6s. Bd. and 
pays first-fruits and tenths. 


In 1307, Thomas de Hykelyngge was instituted rector, presented by 
Sir Robert de Mautby. 

J 347, John de Batisfordy by Sir Robert de Mauieby. 
1349» Edmund de maultbi/y by ditto. 
J 397, John Ti/desdale, bv Sir John de Mautby. 
1407, John Be^ge, by Robert Mautby. 
1448, Robert fteringham, bv John Paston, Esq. 
1453, Mr. Constantine Dalby, master of Grammar and Arts, by 
ditiOy buried in 1460, in the chapel of St. Mard in Arnburgh at 

1460, Thomas HowySy by John Paston, he was after rector of JB/o- 
^Id, Pulham, t^c. See in Castor. 
1465, Robert Coteler. Ditto. 

1480, Thomas Hevenyngham, by Margaret, late wife of John Pas^ 
ton, senior, Esq. 

John Brownings rector. 
1535, Henry Parker, A.M. by Sir William Paston, KnU 

Mr. Robert Bronde, rector. 
1553, Mr. Rjobert Crosseley, S.T.B. Ditto. 

Thomas Bretland, rector. 
1571, Mf.Vineent Goodwin, by the Bishop, a lapse. 

Robert Stele, rector. 
1588, Godfrey Pendleton, by Mary Paston, Gent. 
16 i 3, Thomas Dengayne, S.T.B. by Thomas Knyvet,John Heveti^ 
ingham, knights, and John Jermy, Esq. 

Edward Boyce, compounded for his first-fruits November 25, 
1640, he was B.D. sometime fellow of Corpus Christi college, Cam"^ 
bridge f and published in quarto, London, l6 sermons in 1673, dedicat- 
ed to Sir Robert Paston, after his death in l667- 
Mr. Kir by died rector in June 1671- 
l671f Andrew Calle. 

Francis Gay Lucas died rector, in 171 7 1 and 
Richard Gay Lucas succeeded, being presented by the Earl 
of Yarmouth. 

« Terra Will, de Scohiea In Tri- kebei ten. Hugo z libos ho'es et in MaU 

tet>ei ii et dim. 


The cborch consists of a nave and a chancel covered with reed« and 
has a tower, the lower part round, the upper octangular, with one bell. 

In the chancel, a marble stone. 

In memory of Andrew Calk, rector, A.M. qui, ob. 20, Marty 
1697| a^tat. 56, arms on a fess, between two cbevronels, three escal- 

Ilkjacet Edw, Boys generos&familia de Fredvel in agro Cantiano 
oriundus ; coihgij Corporis Xti. Cantab, socius in iheolog. bacc. ei kt^ui 
eccles* rector, indignus, obt, 10, Martijf 1667, atat. 67^ r^mimis £8 ; 
arms, or in a bordure, a griffin, segrant. 

In a north window of the chaqpel is the effigies of a man on his 
knees in complete armour, and these arms, sable, vl cross, argent, under 

it, DE HYKELING. &. ALiS. SR. FEMA. Also the 

effigies of his wife Alice or Elizabeth de Hickling, with the same arms. 

At the east end of the church, against the south wall, lies a curious 
antioue monument, a stone coffin about a foot and a half deep> resting 
on tne pavement, and flbout 7 feet in length, on the lid or.cover* (the 
whole being of gray marble,) is the effigies of a Knight Templar, cross* 
legged in armour, in full proportion, his sword in a broad belt, bang- 
ing over his shoulder, in memory, as is said, for a knight of the family 
of De Mauteby, and living, as the style of the monument bespeaks, 
about the year 1250. 

At the west end of the church, a gravestone of marble, in memory 
of Robert Howlet, who married Catnerine,deLUghieTfif Laurence and 
Ann Womack, and died October 22, 1714, aged 39* 

Arms, three owls heads erased, impaling, a lion rampant, Womack* 

The south isle, where many of the Mautbys were buried, and which 
was rebuilt, by Margaret Paston, the heiress of the family, and wbtre 
she was buried, is all in ruins. 

In the church was the guild of St. Peter, and the arms impaled of 
Mauiby and Loveyn, Mautby, and Clifton, Mautby and Beatickamp, 
Mautby and Berney, also mautby and Marshall. 

The temporalities of St. Olaves were Bd,; of St. Faith's in salt, 8i. 
4d,; of Norwich priory }9d. 

The tenuis were 6/. 135. 4d. — Deducted 13«. 4d. 

[231 ] 

O R M E S B Y. 

1 H B pripcipal lordship of this town was possessed by Guert, a 
younger ^on of Earl Goawin, and brother of King Harold, who being 
slain at the bclttle of Hastings, the Conqueror laid claim to it; Gueri 
bad three carucates of land and SO acres^ which acres he held of the 
abbey of St. Bentiet of Holm, 4 villains^ 3 borderers, 2 carucates in 
demean, and half a one among the tenants, .16 acres of meadowj &c. 
381 sheep: and 80 socmen had 4 carncates of land^ and 46 acres 
with S borderers ; there were there 33 carucalesi 8cc. of meadoW. 

Of these socmen Richard had 3, by grant of Arfast^ the Bishop of 
ElmAam, and they held half a carucate of land. 

The whole was then valued at 10/. at the survey at SI/, in tale, and 
was a leuca and a half long, and one leuca broad, and paid 3s. 8d. 
geltj whoever was lord. 1 lie King and the Carl had the soc ' 

This lordship extended into Martham and Clipesby, IVinUrton and 
Rouham, and its tenures there were in the valor abovemenlioned; 
also in Scrotebjf, as may be seen in those places. 

This lordship remained in the Crown in the 14lh of Henry II. but 
in the 7th of Richard [• WiUiain Bfoet seems to hold it at a fee farm 
rent/ when William de Saricta Marie Ecclesia, sheriff of Cambridge^ 
shire and Huntingdonshire, and Hugh Peverell, rendered account of 
l6/« for the lands held by fVm» Bloet in Ormesby. 

William de St. Mary's church was at this time dean of St. Miflfr- 
/iV« in London, and soon after in 1 199> was consecrated Bishop of 

King JoA/i, when Earl of Morton, granted it to Robert de Berners, 
at the aforesaid rent. 

Robert enfeoffed John Fit z- Hugh therein, whose daughter Julian, 
married Adam son of Hervey, who held it of Kiue Henry IIL in his 
11th year, at the said rent; and iu the ^7thof that ^'mg, Julian, 
widow of Adam, was sued for this lordship, when she pleaded that 
the King had granted it to ber and her husband, and her heirs, thai 
she performed in the King's court personal homage, and now produ* 
ced King John's charter, (when Earl of Morton) whereby he gave it 
to Robert de Bertiarijs, who enfeoffed John Fitz^-Hugh her fatoer. 

In the r4th of Edxc. I. Julian de Bannyngham was <}uerent in a 
.fine, and Wm. de Redham, and £//r/i his wife deforcients, of the 

' Terre Regis— Ormesbei ten. Guert. p'tj . ex his soc. tenet Ricard. iii ide dono 

T.R.E. iii car. t're. et xxx ac. q's acr. Arfasti Epi. et ht. dim. car. t're. tc«/ 

tenebat de S'cto Benedicto sem* iiii v|ll. totu'. val. x lib mo xxi ad numeru'. et 

et ill bor. et ii car. in d'nio. et dim. car. i \ai^ et dim. in long, et i leug. in lat. 

horn, xvi ac. p'ti. et iii r. et iiii an. et vi et iii sol. et viiid. de g. quicu'q; ibi 

bor. et tc. mo. ccclxxx i ov. et Ixxx. teneat. 

soCf iiii car. t're. et xlvi ac. jet iii bor. * Rot. Pip. 
Inc. xxxii car. p. et mo. xxiii. xvi ac* 

232 O R M E S B ¥• • . 

arreinrs of an annuity of six marks, and 2000 herrings; which William 
and El/en were to pay>to Julian^ at Tidmarsh in Berkshire, for the 
manor of Ormeshy, in the right of Ellen, they agreeing to pay it dur- 
ing Julianas life ; probably she and Ellen were sisters. 

H'm. de Redham was returned to be lord in the 15th of Edwardh 
and to have view of frank pledge, the assise, &c. 

Roger de Ormeshy inherited it on the death of ElUn his mother, 
wife of Wm. de Ormesby, in the 7th of Edward IL and Roger died 
possessed of it paying lo/. per ann. 

After this Edmund Earl of Kent had a grant of it from King Ed- 
ward Ml and hi^ son, John Earl of Kent, died possessed of it in the 
26th of Edward 111. when it came in right of the Lady Joane his 
wife, to Thomas Holland Earl of Kent : and on the death of the said 
Lady Joan, princess of Wales, and mother of King Ricliard f I. it 
came to her son, Thomas Holland Earl of Kent, 

Margaret, late wife of Thomas Duke of Clarence, as one of the 
daughters and coheirs of Thomas Earl of Kerit, had an interest in it; 
as had Joan Dutchess of York, in the reign of Henry VI. 

In the 22d of that King, John Beaufort, Duke of Somerset, died 

possessed of it, Margaret, daughter and heir of John, who married 

Edmund of Hadham Earl of Richmond, inherited it ; and her son, 

Henry VIL King of England, and was in the hands of King Henry 

. VIIL in his 1 Uh year. Queen Elizabeth held it as part of the Crown 


/ Roger Bigot, ancestor of the Earls of Norfolk of that name, pos- 

/^ sessed at the time of the survey, the lands that 2 freemen held in King 

Edward^s reign, under the commendation of the abbot of St. Bennet, 

who were deprived, and Alwide Thetford Hftev their deprivation ; bat 

the King granted them to Roger, containing S4 acres of land, 5 of 

meadow, and one borderer, with half a carucate, valued at 2s, and 

Stanart held this under BigodP 

The ancient family of de Ormeshy were lords of this manor, Wm. 
de Ormesby was lord in the 3d of Eaward L Sir William de Ormeshy 
was living in the 25th of Edward I. as was Sir John de Ormesby, both 
knights of this country. Sir' Wm. bore gules, a bend componee, or 
and azure, betweeen six cross crosslets, argent. 

Sir John bore the same with a mullet, sable, on a bend. 

Sir Wm. de Ormesby is also mentioned, and Agnes his wife, late wife 

of Sir Hugh de Caley, in a fine of the SOth of the said King : he was a 

' judge itinerant, and slain at the battle of Bannocksburn in Scotland, 

in the 7th of Edward IL This William w as also in the 3ddof 

Edw. one of the justices of trail-baston, to enquire after all mu'rdersi 
rapines, &c. and malefactors in Norfolk, and Suffolk, with William dc 
Kerdeston, John U Breton, Richard de Walsham, (all noblemen,) and 
Wm, Inge probably of the same county. 

In the first of Edward II. the aforesaid Sir Wm. de Ormesby was a 
judge of the King's council, and summoned to the King's corona- 

' Terra Rogcri Bigoti— -In Ormesl)ei acr. p'ti. ct i l)ord. semp. dim. car. 

ii (tiben ho'cs) S'ci. Benedict! comend & semp. val. ii sol. idem Stanart. 

postea ten' Alivius- mo. R. Bigot, ex ' Reymcr, vol. iii. 151, 15a, Sec. 
dono Regis de e zxxi car. t'rc. & v 

ORM ES BT, 2S5« 

In the 5d of that king, Sir IVm. de Ormedfjff with Sir John de 
Thorp, the kiDg't justices, were assigned to hear and determine the 
diflerences between the Kind's subjects, and thosie of the Earl of Ho/« 
land, about piracies. 

In the 7th year of the said reign, EletM, wife of JVilliam Ormesbf, 
died selized of the manor of Orme$ty, and Roger was her son and heir, 

Tills Roger was returned to be lord of both the Ormeiftys, (the 8 
parishes) in the 9tb of Edward If* ^ 

In the iOthveat of the said reign. Sir JbAn de Ormesby was witness 
to a^deefl of Ifm* ion of Sir fViUtam de Reedham, Knt. of lands in 

About this time this lordship was settled by Roger de OrmeAy on 
Thomas his son and Maxgaret bis wife in tail* 
'This Sir Thomas dying without iMie male, left 4 daughters and 
eoheirSy Burga, who married Sir Thdmae-Werieus or WeUbf who died 
in the 48th of Edward III. holding by the courtesy of Enaland, the 
4tli part of the manor of Ormesby, and left by Buiga, Sir John Wesi^ 
less nis if6n and heir. - 

Gunnora, another daughter and coheir, married John Perers, and 
had Eluabeth (or Alice) then the wi£e of Sir Thomas de Nerford, 
aged 30. 

This, as I take it, was the famous mistress of King Edward III. 

JBllen was also a daughter and coheir, who married ■ ,.* ■ ■ ■■■■ ■ ■ , 
and had 2 daughters, Agnes, wife of Sir John Sneck, and Alice ^of 
John Derling. 

Juliana, the other daughter and coheir, married John Falconer. 
Escheat ao. 50 Ed. III. JV* 66. 

But it will be proper here to insert the pedigree of the family of the 
Cleres, as taken from the tomb of Edward Clert, Esq. who died in the 
reign of Etixaheih, and which may be seen at large in Mr. Blome* 
Jidas account of BickHngf yol. yi. p. 381. 

1 shall confine myself to that part of it whiqh relates to their settle- 
ment in the estate of the Ormesbys, in this town, and with some re- 
marks thereon. 

yoL. zi. ' H h 

V . 



(tf) Nicholai de Clere ^ Anntble» daughter tnd lietr of Sir Williaw 

I de Ormesby t 

ft) William de Clerc y Catherine, daughter and heir of Sir Joha 

I Snccke. 

, 1 . 

Robert de Clere-r-MelYin, daughter aad heir of Sir Joho Weitlesae. 


f ■ ■ ' ' ' ' ^• • 

Nicholas de Clerc -« MorTcl, daughter of Robeit Somerton, Eaq. 

{c) Robert de Clere y Alice, daughter of Sir John Tilby. 


Id) Sir Wm. de Clere -r Dionytia, daughter of Sir William dc 


(t) John de Clere y Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Philip BrMchu 

r- i 

(/} Rob. de Clere -|* EliEabeth, daughter and heir of Tho. Owydalc^ 


Ann daughter of Sir y Sir Rob. dc Clere ^ ad Alice daughter of Sir Wm. Boleyn of 
WnkHopton. J f Sickling. 

mlliam ok, j. p. (^) sir John Clere. -«- Anqe, daughter of Sir Thomat "Hrrd 

I of Gipping inSoifolk. 

< ' ' * ■ ■ ' ' ' \ 

Edward Clere, Esq. -^ Frances, heir of Sir Richard 

I Fulmerston. 

. — J . 

Margavet, daughter of -v- Sir Edward Clear— Agnes, daughter of Robert Crane, Esq. 
William Yaxley of * of CHpton in Suff»lk» relict of Sir 


Christopher Ueydon. 

Sir Henry CIcre y Muriel, daughter of Sir 

Edmund Mundeford of 
Feltwelt in Norfolk. 

Abigail, daughter and heir^John Cromwell of London, Ssq« 

(a) Of this Nicholas and his marriage I meet with no record ot 
authority^ to vooch it ; he is said to be living in ]S84> and to have 
i>een clerk of the King's treasury in Dublin, and Sir William dc 
Ormesbvj whose daughter he married, died in 13 --^ 

(6^ nilliam dc Clertf son of Nicholas, said to have married Caik" 
trine, daughter of Sir John Snecke, must be a great mistake ; it ap- 
pears by the £sch'eat Rolls, abovementioned, ao. 50 EAieard IlL 
<1S76) that Jgnes was then the wife of Sir Jt^ Snecke,hj Ellen one 
of the daughters and coheirs of Sir Thomas de Ormtstn/. 

Robert de Clere, son of William, who is said to have married Jtfet- 
vin, daughter and coheir of Sir John Westltsu, is liable to the same 


•ljecti<Mi8 ; in At •foresaid Roll, Burga, a daaghter and coheir, who 
married Thoma$ de fVetiles$, was fonnd to die in ihe 48th of that King 
aeised of the 4th part of the manor which he held by the cburtesy of 
JEngiand, in right of Burga his wife deceased ; one of the daaghten 
and cohehrs of Sir TAomns de Ormedfy, and Thomas fVestlesse his son 
and heir died in the 50th of the said King^; and that Elizabeth, wife of 
Sir Thomas de Narfordy aged SO, daughter of John Perers, by Gun* 
mora, (wife of John Pereti) danghter and coheir of Sir Thomas de 
Orme^y, and Agnes Snecke aged 40, (wife of John Snecke,) and Alice, 
the wife of John Derling, by Ellen, another daoghler and coheir of 
Sir Thomas Ormesby, were bis coustn»and heirs. Juliana the fourth 
daughter and coheir married John Falconer, wha had a lordship in 
East Herling, and she died without any living issue in 1 374* 

It is also to be observed that from flicholas Clere, who was liring 
in 12B4, and Robert de Clere who was living in \340, and was then 
escbaetor of Norfolk, &c. only 56 years are taken in and Included^ 
and in that short space of time, six generations are taken in and 
mentioned with their wives, as fathers and sons, in a direct line, a 
thing not to be supposed, or credited, and the last of these, Rolftrt, is 
said to be lord in 1340, about 18 years before the death of Thomas de 
Westless, who was found to hold a fourth part of it in right of his wife, 
in 1374. 

I am apt to conclude these two descents of Nicholas, fViUiam, and 
Robert, in the pedigree are all fictitious, as 1 find none of their names 
mentioned, or their matches in any record that I have yet seen ; but 
to confirm what I have here observed, it appears froor a fine in the 
39th of Edtnard III. (1365) that John de Westless and Burga his wife 
conveyed 3 messuages and lands in RoUesby, to Wiltiam Clere and 
Dionysia his wife : Li5. 6, N. 32. 

(c) Robert de Clere, who married Alice, daughter of Sir John FUby, 
was escheator of Norfolk, &c. was several times chose krtight of this 
shire to serve in parliament, and living in 1360; he presented to 
Somerton church in 1342, as heir to the Somertons, by a marriage 
probably of Nicholas his father, with Merial, daughter of Robert 
Somerton, Esq. 

(d) William, who married Dionysia, daughter of Sir William Wich* 
insham, in 1351, and in 1366, settled on his wife the manors of 
Morehall, Statton Streless, Faux in Burgh St. Mary, and Stalham 
Hall; he made his testament on Wednesday before the feast of St. Faith 
in 1384, and was proved in November fouowine, was lord o( Ormesby, 
Runham, &c. gives legacies to John, son of Sir John le Gross, and 
Oliver his brother ; to John, son of Sir William Curson, to John, son 
of John de Filby, AHce and Joan, daughters of Henry Filby, to Wil* 
Uam Appleyard and Margaret his wile.' Dionysia his wife and Richer 
de Wiekingham, &o. executors; John was his son and heir; to Ed^ 
mund bis son SOO marks, to be kepi by his wife till he was of age, and 
to each of his other sons fiO/. Llionyna was living in 1390* 

(e) John, son and heir of Sir William, was a ward to the Countess 
of Norfolk, as is said, but it appears that he wjth his father and mo- 
ther joined in purchasing lands in thb town in the 49tb(1375)of 
Edward III* by fine^ and in Heringbyoi John de Redhiun and Sibilla 

9 Reg. HayioAi Horw* and Xieg « Harsyk^ fol 3^« 

536 ORMiQ^PY. 

his wife. ' He married EKzabeth^ daagbter of Sir Phii^ Bramih, wlw 
Te:marritf€l Sir John Rothenh^jk, and being his widow made.ber tea* 
tameDt Qctober 16, 1488, to be buried in the cathedral of Normkk ; 

5 ires, legacies to the churches of St* Margaret, St; Peter, aod St. 
iichaelof Ormeehy, to their repairs ; to R^ert Clste^ her sod, all her 
utensils at Ormeibu, and to her son Edmund, Hormng^udl manor, 
&c. in Castre^'^Keg. Doke, Norw.fol. 150. 

Branch, bore^ argent a lion rampant, guU$, bmised with a hendlet 
$able. ^ 

(f) Robert » son of John, married Elizabeth^ daughter and heir of 
Thomas OwydaUf or Dovedale, Esq. of Incolnuton, hj Margatr^t his. 
wife, daughter and heir of William Reeoes and of Margery hia wife, 
daughter and heir of ------ HuUeyn, by his will made at Qrm^tbjf, 

Jumst 3, ^^ 24 Henry VI. and proved JuguMt 12, 1446, to be bu- 
ried in the eborch of Ormesby St. Margaret;* be gives <all his 
manors to Elizabeth bis wife for life, and Ormesby to fVilUams bis 
son, after her decease, with FrethQrp, fVinierton manor, and the 
advowson ; to Thomas bis second sod, he gave bis manor of Stratum 
Streless ; and to Robert his third son, his manor of Kesemidt, which 
Robert afterward succeeded as heir; William and Thomas bis two, 
elder brothers buth dying without issue. • 

Elizabeth, widow of Robert, by her testament dated January IS, 
1492, to b^ buried in the cathedral church of iiormch, and gives to 
that prioi^ an aimnity pf 3/. 6$. 8j^. issuing out of her manors of 
Thenton in Norfolk and Cleydou in Suffolk ; to every house of friais 
in Norfolk <^0«. &c. to every nunnery in Norfolk 6s. 8^. and iMacies 
to every hospital in Norwich and Yarmouth ; benefactions to the re- 
pairs of ipany churches in Norfolk ; to St, Margaret of Ormaby 10/. 
to the making the steeple, and to Si. MiehaeFs cbufcb of Ormesiy 
20si — to every poor tenant in Ormesby holding lands wholly of her, 
'4 bushels of malt or barley, or ld£^. in money ; and to every one 
holding in part of her, 2 bushels, or 6d. and the same ^ift in all her 
lordships ; and to be sent to them without charges within SO dajfs 
after her burial, and as much quarterly, till 200 marks were distri- 
buted among them ; — 200 marks to the finding 2 children- at Gnii- 
bridge, till 24 years of age, to be of her kvn, or of her tenanta, or if 
i)ope, then to 6 poor maydens marriagie of Norfolk^ and Suffolk 20/*<— 
100 marks to mending the highways in her lordships in Norfolk ,^- 
to Robert Clere her son 40/. and to Audrey aad Dorothy his daugh- 
ters, each 200/. — to jinne, daughter of her son Robert, a nun at 
Denny, a legacy ; — to John Shelton, son of Sir Ralph Shelton, Knt. a 
goblta ; — to Ralph and Richard, second and third sons, each 10/. 
and a goblet ; — to her daughter dame Margaret Shelton, a poix of 
beads h>r life,'^tben to Jtice Heveneham, the daughter of the said 
dame Margaret Shelton ; — her son Robert, to have all her |ewe)s, 
plate, 8cc. ail her goods at Norwich, and in I'acolnaton ;— to Ebxtibetk 
Bedifigjeld, daughter of her son Robert, several goods;— to Audrqf, 
her son Robert'^ daughter, 500 marks, owing by Sir jGdrnmc/ Beding^ 
feld, Knt. to her, and her son Robert, if she be married with her 
lather's consent ; — to Catherine, wife of Richard Southwell, a piece 
of plate, and to many serv^nU legacies. Sir £0^ Skeltou, (who was 

» Rtg. Wilby, §oU «»• 


W aofi ID law) and Biekard SotUhmM, Eta. execotora^ to have emdk 
40L and Bobirt bar 100, super fiior, proved 6 th of March 1499. 
. Sir Jioierf C/ff'e, son and lieir, was knighted on AlUSaintt eva^ 
1494, sheriff of Nor^/* 1501; attended King Heafy VIIL at the* 
famous interview between him and the Fremh king ia 1500; his tes- 
taaient is dated Awmt 1, i5£9, therein orders 100 masses of the five 
wonnds to be said for him as sodn as eootd be ; and ttiat there should 
be a priest to pray for his soul, those of Dame AnsMy daughter of Sic 
WiUiam Hoptan, and of Dame jiUce, daughter of Sir fViuiam Bol^m 
of Blieking his second wife, &c. and that this service should be kept 
for five years in the church he was buried in ; and if he died al 
Ofincfby^ or in any pprt of Norfolk^ to be buried in St. Margarefi 
church of Ormeabyy and the priest to have- 5 marks |9€r ana. 

By bis first wife, be had Wiliiam, who married Biimbtth^ dan^ter, 
of Sir John Pasion the younger, who died «.p. 1501, and his widoif 
married Sir John Fineaus, chief justice of the King^s Bench ; by bit 
second lady he had S sons, John, Richard^ and ThomAs^ and 4 daugh- 
ters, Elizabeth, wife of Sir Robert Petfton of /se/Adm in Cambri&e^ 
ddrt ,* jhme, a nan at Denny abbey in Cambridgeshire ; Dorothy, 
wife of Robert Cotton, and Audrey, wife of William Jenney, Thof^ae, 
the yooDgest son, who was buried at Lambeth\n Surry^ 1545, a great 
fiivourite of the learned Henry Howard Earl of Northampton^ 
r Sir John Clere, son and heir of Sir Robert, by his second wife« 
married Anne daughter of Sir Thomas Tirrel, was treasurer of the 
Kind's army in France in 1549 ; in 1557> being vice admiral, and 
landing on one of the Orkney Islands in iSco^/ii)id, ^called Kirkway^ 
was there killed on August 21, and was found to die seised of Ormesiy 
manor, and the fee farm rent of \6Lper aitn.held of the Crown ; the 
manors of Northall in Freethorp, Somerton and Winter ton, Vaut-haU 
in Bur^h ; Bickling^ Morehall, and Howes in Salle, Salle, Stalham* 
haU^ lacolneston, Gonviles and Rusteyns in Wintondham, Limpenhow, 
Stratton Streless ; Tharston, 8cc. ^ 

By his will dated May 8, in the 3d and 4th o( Philip and Mary, 
he gives to bis executors, several lordships. Sec. for 5 years, and with 
part of their rents, to pay to Walter Haddan, Esq. (who married 
Margaret his daughter) 50 marks p^r ann. for 4 years, as due to him* 

This Walter was LL. D. one of the masters of the Court of Re* 
quest, and master of Trinity Hall in Cambridge in 1549> and judge of 
the prerogative court of Canterlmry ; his* other daughter, Elizaoeth, 
first married to Waller Herondon of Maidstone in Kent, Esq. and 
afterwards Francis Trevor of Tacolnetton, Esq. His sons were first, 
Robert, who was slain at the battle of Mussleburgh in Scotland; 
second, Thomas, who died at Florence, and Edward^ who succeeded 
him, and married Frances, daughter and heir of Sir litcAard Fulmers^ 
stone; he was member of Thttjord in 1556, high sheriff in 1567; he 
had issue 3 sons, Edward, Francis, knighted by King James I. July 
2S, 1603, who married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir --^ - - Wroth, and 
died 5. p. — Tirrell, bore argent, two chevrons; azure, in a bordure^ 
engrailed eules.' ' _ 

Edward, son and heir of jFra/fces, was knighted at Nbra^icA by Queen 
Elizabeth in 1578, be married first, Margaret, daughter of fFjtfiain 
Yaxley of Yaxley in Suffolk, Esq. by whom he had Henry his son and 
heir, and afterwards Agntk, relict of Sir Christophm^ Haydon of Bom 




comihorp, daoghter of Robert Crane of Chilton in Sufolk, Esq. be 
A gr^al travellei, and in such esteem at the Frendi court, that he 
elected a knight of the. order of St. Michael, hot much impaired his 
estate, djing at London June S, I606, was baried at Blkkling. — Yax^ 
ley bore erndn, a chevron, between three mullets, gules^ pierced or* 

Sir Henry, son of Sir Edward, was knighted at the Charter^Houee, 
London, May 11, iGOS, and created a Saronet, February £7, )6£0, 
and died Jt^ust^l, 1622,* by Muriel his wife, daughter of Sir Ed- 
mund Mundeford of Feltwell; he had Henry, a son, who was baried 
at Feltwell St. Mary*$ church, June 29, I62I, and a daughter Jbigal, 
who was his sole heiress, and married John Cromwell of London, Esq. 

William Bishop of Thetford had a grant in fee of the lands of two 
freemen of Guerd, who had 40 acres of land, a carucate and 2 -acres 
of meadow, valaed at 85. and Richard, son of utlan, held it of ffiU 

This fVilHam Beaufoe, the Bishop, gave it to his see, and it remains 
(as I take it) in the see of Norwich at this time. 

The tenths were 10/. lOf.— Deducted 1/. 6s. ed. 

In this town there were four churches and rectories, all in the gift 
of the Crown, St. Margaret, St. Michael, St. Peter, and St. Andrew ; 
and Richard de BeUofaso, or Beaufoe was presented to them, by Kins 
Henry L he was son of William de Beat^e, Bishop of Thetford, and 
in 1107, was archdeacon of all Suffolk, and of Norfolk, and soon 
after made Bishop of Aura9tchee in Normandy, and the said King 
granted him also the patronage of the said churches, all which he 
gave with the consent of Aaam de Beaufoe, to build the hospital of 
St. PauFs in. Norwich,to which they were appropriated and confirmed 
by John de Grey Bishop of Norwich. 

In 1205, these rectories were valued at 30 marks per ann. and one 
vicar was to serve them all, valued at 5 marks and a half, Peter^ 
pence^ 6d, and was vicar of St. Margaret^s, the other three being 


1305, Gilbert de Hecham, iinstituted, presented by the prior and 
convent of Norwich, who had the patronage. 
1308, Johnde Herling. 
1328, William Hockering. 
1349, Roster Herald. 

1 349, John le Smith. 

1350, Warine de Runhale. 
1354, John Gerard. 

1359, Thoma% Hannock. 

1360, William de BlickUng. 

1368, John Halte, by the rope's provisiou. 

1376, Thomat Aleyn. 

1377, Henry Frost. 
1386, John Williams. 
1385, Bartholomew Charles^ 

* Terra Willi. Episc. Tedfbrdens. de et val. viii loL fioc. etiam ten« idc# 
Feudo— — In Ormesbej ii lib. ho'es Ricard* 
Guerd zl aCt Kp, i car* et ii aG» pnti. 

O R M B S BY. tH 

tS99, Nicholas Wase. 

1410, Richard Samme^ 

1422, Walter Martyn. 

1425, Steph. Sterner. 

1429, Godfrey Burgh. 

1432, William Beatqnre.' 

1437, John Deykes^ 

1439, John Rite 

1444, Walter Goos. 

1452, Richard Catfield. 

1455, John Ratsdyn. 

1457, John Parker. 

1459, Brother William Syrih^ a monic of Nomdch. 

1462, JoAn jSf arf . 

Robert Crofie, vicac» 
1467# Robert Mame. 

1472, ^t7/iam CTpga/^. 

1473, JoAn CtueyntreU. 
1494, FFiV/tVzm Pa/mrr« 
1533, Thomas Stodett. 
1535, Jio5frt u^/eyn. 

1554, William Ballard, by Sir /oiifi Clere. 

1580, Gt/e« Woolverton, by the assigneeg of the dean and cbftpter of 

1686, William Carew, by John Hoo, assignee of the dean, 8cc. 
1588, Samuel Gardiner, by the assignees. 
163 1, Edward Snailwell, by Henry Beck, Esq. 

1661, John Philips. 

1662, Robert Feltwell. 

1671, Parriek Gutherie^ by the dean, &c. 

l684> George Cooper. 

1709» John Wrench (died in 1718). Ditto. 

1718, Nath. SymondM. Ditto. 
Mr* jirtis occurs in 1747* 

The present valor of St. Margaret's yicaraee is 5/. Os. lOd. 

Iq Sir JoAn Clerics lease of the great titnes, from the dean and 
•chapter in King Edward the Sixth's time, he was to pay the yicar a 
pension of 6/. 13s. Ad, per ann. and all the altarages of the rectories, 
-or else 14/. 13s. ^d. in money, at the vicar^s choice, as decreed by 
the ordinary, besides the mansion house, and 9 acres of land assignee! 
to the vicar. 

St. Pf/er's and St. Andrew^ churches are in ruins; it seems as if 
they were used in 1591, when on August 1, William Carew, vicar, 
obtained a Dispensation from the Bishop, that he might serve one 
week in the principal and mother church of Omusby, and the next 
week in any of the other, 8cc. but that the parishioners should ' nol 
oblige him on any Sunday or Festival, to serve in more than one 
church in the said town. 

^ The church of St. Margaret yiHM the principd church to which 
Elizabeth Clere, gave 10^. in 1492, towards rebuilding the steeple, and 
in 1558, there were l^cies towards roakins the great bell; here 
were the lighu of St. Margaret, St. Mary^ St. Nicholas, and H9I7 
cross, with bt. Margarefi guild. 

Ub O R M £ S B Y. 

In the ehanoel^ on a gravestone, 

Hiejacei Rob, Clere, qui obt. £*• dU Mtnm Augusif, JP. Dnf, 

There were also pieces of brasses with^ 

Credo quod Redempior mem vivit, Ifc. and the arms of Cl^rc slone, 
argent, on a fess, ajwrej, three eaglets displayed, or. 

On another 

Orate p. a'ia, Rob. Clere, MiUtis. quu obL 10 die Mem. Augmtj 
Jt. Dty. 1529 ; with the arms of Clere, and impaling argent, a cross 
molinCi gules, Owydak, or Udale, and quartering ffues, a cheVron, 
ermin, between three delii, or, Rees ; and argent, an horse passant, 
eable, saddled and bridled, or, Rmteyn. 

On one with the pourtraiture of a knight in armour, 

Orate, p. a*€a. Roberti Clere Militis, qui obt. 10 die Memi At^. 
1529. ■ And one shield with his quartering: First, Clere, 2d 
Ormaby, Sd Sneeke, gules a fess, argent, and a fess of three ermine ; 
Fourth, argent, a chevron, gules, between two cross crossIetSy fitch^ee, 
and one billet in chief, and two billets, and one cross crosslet fitchee 
in base, sable, IVestlesse* 

Also Clere and UdaU, quarterly, impaling Boleyn. 

His wife lies blare. 

Orate, Sfc. Domine Anne Clere nup. uxor. 'Robt. Clere Eqidtis que 
obt. 23 die Mem. Januar. 1505. 

Also his 2d wife. 

Orate. I^c^ Domine AUcie Clere nup. uxor. Robi. Clere Militis JiUc 
Willi. Bokyn Militis que obt. 1 die Mem. Novemb. 1538. 

Orate p* cffa Willi. Clere, AmUgLJili et heredis Robi* Clere MtUiis 
qui obt* 17 die Martii 1501. 

With the arms of Clere impaling Paston. 

Hicjacet Robt* Mortymn Armiger. 

Pray for the soul of Wm. Peyton, son of Rob. Peyton Ki. 

On an altar. tomb. 

Hie reqmesdt Henricm Clere Baronettm, qui thalamo sibi conjunxU 
MarieUmJUiam Edmi. D^ni, Mundeford Equitis Aurati ex quahabuit 
prolemJUiam unicam AbigaUm, obt. 22 Augi. 1622, atatn sua. 

In the diordi under a tomb near the north window, next to the 
food loft, without anv inicriptiony or arms, lie bnried Robert Clere, 
Esq. who mairied Abce, daughter of Sir Joits Filby, who is said to 
have rebuilt this church. 

In this window are their effigies, with an orate for them. 

in the church were the arms of Hofkm, argent, a chevron, aatre, 
and a file of three, ermine. 

In the church of St. Miekad, was the guild of St. Michael. 


R U N H A M. 


Fo V R freemen of Guert, in the Confessor's time, held here 28 acres^ 
of ]and« half a carucate and 2 acres of meadow, 3 salt works, and 
paid Ss. This at the survey was in the Conqueror's hands, and be- 
IcMiged to bis manor of Ormesby, and was valued therein, and was 
part of the manor which extended here.' 

Stalra had, in the Confessor's reign, a carucate and an half of land, 
with 10 villains, one carucate in demean, and one among the tenants, 
16 acres of meadow, and 10 saltworks in demean, &c. 

Eleven socmen and the moiety of another, had half a carucate of 
land, with 3 carucates and 2 acres of meadow, 2 saltworks and an 
half. £leven freemen and the moiety of another, bad half a carucate 
and 5 acres ; and there were then 4 carucates, 8cc. of meadow, and 2 
saltworks, valued ajways at 10s. 

The King and the Earl had the soc, 8cc. valued then at 305* after at 
50s. at the survey at 90s. quitrent, and 30s, forfeit. 

It was 10 furlongs and o broad, and paid 2s* gelt.^ 

All this the Conqueror had seised on, and Godiic was his steward, 
or took care of it for the king* 

The King had also the lands of 4 freemen, who were deprived, 17 
acres of land, one carucate and 2 acres of meadow^ with the moiety 
of a saltwork ; also of a freeman who was deprived, and held 10 acres, 
which they ploughed with 2 oxen, and 2 carucates of meadow, a 
saltwork, valued at 2s. 4J. and Ailmer, son of Godwin^ held it under 
the King.? 

King Henry 1. gave these 2 last lordships to the family of Dt 
Evermue, a lAncolmhire family.^ 

A branch of this family is said to have held the lordship of Dctp^ 
ing, in that connty, of which Hugh, the last heir male, leaving one 
danehter, brought it to the Lord If are. 

Joicelinedc Eoermere is mentioned in a roll in the SOthof /feniy IL 
to have held the manor of fVilebi in the said county, during the 
minority of Robert, son of Osberi Seloyn, who held it of the see of 

^ Terra Regis in inanu Reps. In iiii car. p. et mo> ui et iu ac. p'ti* et ii 

Ronham iiii libi ho'es Guerd. zxviii a', sal. ae'p. val. x sol. Rex et Comes soca' 

et dim. car. ii ac. p'ti. ct iii sal. et red- et val. tc. xxx sol. p. 1. mo. Ixxxv 

dit semp. iii sol. m Ormesbei. Rex et blancas et xx sol. de sersuma. et ht. x 

comes sbca. , qr. inlongoet vii in lat. ct ii sol. de 

^ Terie Regis qua' Godric. servat. gelto quicuoq; ibi tenet. 

In Romham ten. ii libi. ho'es t. r. e. un ^ Isti sunt libi. ho'es Regis. In Ron- 

iuit ho' Edrici de Laxefelda et alt Ra- ham iiii libi. ho*es xvii ac. se'p. i car. 

dulfi Stalra et se'p. i car. t're. et dim. et ii ac. p' dim. saliri. ead. i lib, ho. 

et X vill. et i car. iu d'nio. et i car. horn, xxx ac. et ar. duob$ boVib; et ii ac. p'ti* 

xvi ac. p'ti. et x sal. in d'mo. i r. et i et sal. et val. ii sol. etiikl. hos tenet AU ov. et ix porci. et xi soc. et dim. . mare, filius Goduini. 

de dim. car. t're. semp. iii car. et ii ac. * Brit« Ant. et Modt v a, Line. p. 

pti. et ii saL et dim. et x libi. ho'es. et 1421 • 
dim. de dim. car. t're* et v aci t'oc 

TOL. XI. I i 



242 R U N H A M. 


York, and was lord of Rtmham, and father of Waller de Evermcre/ 
who in the 6th of Richard III, with Nicholas de Kenei, gave SO 
marks to have the custody of the lands and heir of William de Alen-- 
con, till his full age.* 

Robert de Evermere gave 10 marks to have the custody of Redhafn 
and St(fkesby according to the charter of his lord. 

In the 6tn of King John he was found to hold this lordship by petty 
serjeanty, the paying of 200 pearmains^ and 4 hogsheads (tnoidiosj 
of wine^ made of pearmains, into the Exchequer, on the feast of St. 
Michael, yearly, and in the 5th of that King, owed 5 marks for one 
sea-wolf, for the use of Thomas de Burgo. 

In the 10th of of Henry III. he was lord of Cnava in Lincolnshire^ 
and had a grant of free warren, fair and merciite there, and of a mer- 
cate at Runham, and a fair there, on the vigil and day .of St. Peier 
ad Vincula ; and in the Idth, that he and his men here, should be quit 
of the hundred court and the sheriff's turn. 

William de Redham, in the 24th of that Kins, granted to him by 
fine, at Chelmerford, (Chelmsford in Efsex) before William de Y^rk, 
Henry de Bath, Robert de Thurkeby, and Gilbert de Preston, itinerant 
judges, 60 acres^ &c. of marsh, for which a duel was foughti and 
Walter immediately gave it to Robert de Brews, and Beatrix his wife^ 
(who is said to be bis neice) paying 20s. per ann. 

It appears that this Robert had a part of this manor, and seyeral 
tenants that held under him, with the lete, free warren, and assise, 
and died in the 4th of Edward I. surviving Walter Evermere. 

This was probably a son of Walter aforesaid, who died in the 6rst 
of that King, and JHce his wife, who died ia the 3d of the said reign. 
He is said to have held two parts of this manor, and to leave no 

On his decease, this lordship came to the S daughters and coheirs 
of Walter and JHce his wife. 

Eufemia, the eldest, aged 34, was the wife of Walter dt Burgk;^ 
Margery, aged 31, was the wife of Gcfrey de Fountiytts; and Alice, 
aged 18, the wife of Walter de Billingleu, and they mheritcd the ma- 
nor of Knay aforesaid, in the 9th of that King, and hindered the prioress 
of Heynings in Lincolnshire, of her common of pasture, which priory 
was founded by Reyner de Eeermu. 

John de Redham impleaded Walter de Burgh, Jeffrey de Foufiteym, 
Walter de Billinsly, for the same, in the 11th of Edward I. as heir 
to Robert de Stoked^, who formerly held it. 


Walter, who held this in right of Eufemia his wife, was probably of 
the fanaily of De Burgo, of Burgh in Fl^ hundred. Alexander de 
Clavering seems to have succeeded in right of Joan his wife, and they 
join in conveying a third part or this manor, by fine, in the 3d of 
Edward II. to Rahh de Holbeck, and Beatrix bis wife. 
In the gth of Edward II. he was concerned in Uie delivery of the 

» Rot. de D'nabj ct pucris in Sccio. « Rot. Pip. 

R U N H A M. US 

peannaiii% and the wine dae^ (on accoHnl of the anniial servioes^) and 
deliverad to Join de JSmaRere. 

V Beairix, wife of Ra^ de Hokbeck, died posaesaed of kin the 1 llh 
of Edw» II. and John, son of Akxander de Holebeck^ was her heir ; 
.aged 16, and in the 50th of that King, Hugh de Normanion, and 
AUanore his wife, (whose inberttauce it was,) oonvey it to Thoma» de 
jFake$Jumk, kc. 

In the d6tb, Reginald de J^hs, and Thomas de Davjf^ had an in- 
tcxest herein* ^ 


Margery f in whose right Jeffrey de Founteyn held a third part, died 
before the 14th of E&>ard 1. and J^^rry died in the 9th of Edward II. 
leaving John his grandson, (son otde Tontibm his son,) his heir. 

This famifj was probably descended from Falkmynu$ de Founteym, 
sheriff of Norfolk, and one of the witnesses to a deed of fVilliam,Bb* 
1x>t of St. Bennet, of the manor of Heyham by Norwich, to Richard 
BoisetiS. />. in the reign of King Henry I. (as I tfike it.) - 
' fViUiam Bas$et was- made abbot in 1 1S5, and so continued, about 
7 years. 

' Richard de Foniibm and Cecily his wife, had considerable lands at 
KiUingion in Lincolnshire, in the lime of Kine Henry 11. 

Thomas de Essex had an interest herein, and dying in the 23d of 
Edward IIL Robert was found to be his son and neir^ and was lord, 
CD whose death it descended to Robert Brynkiey, his cousin and heir, " 
son of his sister Catherine, who held it in the reign of Henru IV. 

In the 15lh of Henry Vl. John Mcrchan, Bshmonger o( London, 
and Isabel his wife, late wife of Robert Walton, passed it by fine to 
Sir John Fahtolf, Knt. from the heirs of Isabel. 

On the death of Sir John, John Boston, Esq. was lord, as in Caster; 
and Sir William Pastoh died lord in the 9th of James I. when it was 
found worth clear 1 14/. 9«« 6^* 


Walier de BilUn^ley held it in right of Alice his wife. He was pro- 
bably a descendant of Peter dc Billingley,^ lord of Billingla/ in 
Lincolnshire, held of the see of York, whose widow and children were 
in the custody of King Henry II. in his dOth year. 

Walter died in the 34th of Edward I. and John was his son and 
heir, who proVed hisage, and had livery of his inheritance here, and 
in Uneolnshire, in the l6th of Edward 11. and dying in the following 
reign, left John his son. 

Sir William de Clere died seised of ibis and other parU of this manor 
of Rwihmi, in 1384, and his 2d son, called Robert Clere of Stpkesby, 
by Dionysia bis wife, held it. 

Robert married Elizabeth, daughter of John Read, and died in 
14£0,'and was father of WUU and Edm. 

4 MadoK. Hist. Bzcfart pt tf IS* ^ Rot. dt D'aab; Ac. Fip. 


In the 7th of Henry VI. Wm. Ckre of Runkam, sod and h«ir of 
Rob, Clere of Stokesby^ dyiDg s, p. Edm. was fband to be bis brother , 
and heir* WiUiam died seised of the* manor of Billings, Founle^% 
and dc ,Burgo*s parts. 

Edmund married Elizabeth^ daughter and coheir of Thanuu Chartet, 
Esq. by whom he bad Robert his son and heir, who was father of 
Edmund Clere, by Elizabeth his wife, danghter of Thomas Brampton, 
Esq. of Brampton^ 

On July 14, in the 4th of Henry YIL the King sent his writ to the 
escheator of Norfolk, to deliver this manor to the next heir of Edm. 
Clere, then 6 years old, to be kept for him till he was of age ; reciting 
that Edmund Clere, his grandfatber, was seised of it in the £Oth of 
Ed. IV. and settled then .^reat part of it on his son, Robert Clere, and 
Elizabeth Brampton his wife, and that Robert and Elizabeth had issue, 
Edm. heir to his grandfather Edm.* 

This Edm. the grandson married 3 wives, first, Anne, danghter of 
John Thwayts, Esq. of Harslingham ; his 2d was Anne, daaghler of 
Thomas Appleyard, of Braconash. 

By these he had no issue, but by his 3d, Margaret, daughter and 
coheir of fVilliam TLondon, Esq. he had % daughters, Uary and l^aji- 
ees ; so that this lordship l>eine entailed on the heirs male, came to 
Charles Clere, Esq. of Stokesby^ son and heir of Sir Thomas Clere, 
(brother of Edm.) and of Anne his wife, daughter and heir of Robert 
Gygges of Sparham. 

This Charles had livery of it in the 7th of Edward VI.; he married 
Mary, daughter of Robert Spring, Esq. x>f Langham in Suffolk, and 
left Thomas his son and htfir, who had livery in the year 1571, 

Who by Anne his wife, daughter and coheir of Thomas Heigham, 
of Heigham Hall, in Gaysley Suffolk, Esq. was father of CharlesCUre, 

In l6ll. Sir fVilliam Paston was found to die seised of the manor 
of Runham, held of Charles Clere, Esq. in soccage, of his manor of 

Koger Bigot, ancestor of the Earls of Norfolk, had a lordship at 
the snrvev of which 3 freemen were deprived, who were onlv under 
commendation of Alwin de Thetford, who held 13 acres and a half 
of land, an acre and a half of meadow, 2 saltworks, and the moietyof 
another, valued at 18^.^ ^ . 

William Gerberge had an interest here in the 52d of Henry til. 
and granted to Henry Rose, 25 acres of land here and in Thirkeby, 

In the 3] St oi Edw. I. Lettice, widow of Richard Runham, con- 
veyed to Roger, son of the said Richard, messuages and lands here 
and in Thirby, and Filbt/. 

John, son of Thomas Gerberge, granted to WilUam, son of Thopuu 
Gerberge, messuages and lands, which Elizabeth, widow of Thomas, 
held in dower. 

The tenths were 4/. 8s. Deducted Bs. 

The.CHUBCH was a rectory, dedicated toJSt. Peter and St Paul, 
valued at 18 marks, and appropriated to the priory of Horsham St. 


* Term RotKri Bigoti In Rom- wini siii acr. et dim. et dim. ac. pti. sep. 

ham dc iii libi. ho'ei. com'd. tantu' Al« dim. cac* tt ii id* etdima ct val. xviiicL 

R U N H A M. ' €45 

In the Sfid of Hewy III. a fine was leyied between Robert de Brews, 
Mind Beatrix bis wife, petents, and Berengarius, prior of St. Faith'e, 
tenenty of the advowson of this churchy released to the prior, as the 
gift of the ancestors of Beatrix: ; the prior bad erected a house in his 
aeverals, where Robert de Brewt had right of common, and was im- 
pleaded on that account ; and the prior declared for the future, he 
would i^ot take in any of that common, in the 34th of that King. 

Petcr^pence, ISd* , 

Alan, son of Walter Clere, was presented to this rectory by n alter 
de Scroteby, in the reign of Richard I. 

In the ^Mh of Edward I. J lice daughter o( Nicholas de Seroutebtf, 
and Isabel ler sister, Stephen de Wymundhak, and Maud bis wile, 
and Alice her sister, impleaded the prior, as their right to present to 
this church, but the prior's right was acknowledged- 

On this appropriation a vicarage was settled, valued at 6 marks. 


' In 1346, HunnaM Over was instituted vicar, presented by the King, 
the temporalities of St. FaitKs being in the King's band. 

1349i Henry Atte Cherche, by the prior. 

1361, John flakon. 

1372, Widter ISjffent by the King, on account of the temporalities. 

1373, Robert Palmer. 
1376, John Halte. 
^3B9, Robert de Louf. 
1396, John Tuney. 
1409, fVilliam Helgey. 
14U, Robert Gubbe. 
1421, Jo All Cowherde. 
1431, Simon Aleyn. 

- 1490, JVm, Palmer. . 

William Warner vicar about l600. 

Robert BUmfield vicar in 1626, ot: the i)eath of Charles 

On the death of John Wace, in 1722, WilKam Mackdy^ by the Bi- 
shop of Ely. 

1725, James Savage, vicar. Ditto. 

Mr. Matthews, 1759. 
On the dissoluMoo of this priory, it came to the Crown, and Queen 
Elizabeth^ on May 13, ao. 17, let to farm this rectory, with all the 
botises, appurtenances, &c. except great trees, wodds, underwoods, 
&c. for 2 i years, to Richard Church, paying 8/. lOs. per ann. 
' After this, in the said reign, it was granted by an exchange of 
lands, to the see of Ely, and the Bishop of Ely is patron, and has the 
rectory tithes. 

The valor of the vicarage is 4/. and stands discharged. 
The church and chancel is covered with reed, and has a foursquare 
tower with three bells. 

At the west end of it, on a gravestone, with a brass plate, 

Oratejp. a* fab; Johs. Book et Rose uxor. gu s - - m ■ ' 'Orate p. aVa. 
Cecilie Dook nu'p. uxor. Johs. Dook que obt. 27 Aug^. \&lb. 

«46 SCSOTEBY. ^ 

Uou Ihok pL"^ « legBcj in 1 JK>1, to Ih^ mddoe of the steeple.' 
In a nprtb viadov UffmPs armB with .a beoSet, argtmt. Ako 

Mavtbjf. In a south windoir^ argeni, an esoolobeoD» aad orie of 


In file chancel^ 

Mr. George Tftrmr, Gent* ma$ here buried Odr. 2S, l6l€« 

The temporalities of Langky abbey in a marsh 1 3s. Ad. 

S C R O T E B Y 

IVlLMAM i>£ Bbaufqb Bisbop ot Thetfofd hiAA in his own 
right as a lay ke, the land of 7 socmen here, who had M acKs, and 
a camcate, valued at S%d. and they belonged to the manotr ofHemeMbyf 
(held by Earl Algar) in King Eaward^s time. 

Here was also a church endowed with 36 acrea^ valued at 3s. Tea 
freemen were in this toWn under the commendation ofjtimar Bishop 
of Elmham, before the Conquest^ who possessed 2 carucates and 5 
acres of land^ with 5 carucates^ and 3 acres of meadow^ then valoed 
at 26f. at the survey at 305.' 

Bishop Abnar held these in King Edwarfft reign^ and after him 
Bbhop Erfast, but now JVm. de Beaufoe^ the Bishop^ but one of them 
only was under the commendation of the abbot* of Holmes in King 
Emard^s \Ame. 

Richard, son of Jhn, held the lands of 6 of these freemen of the 
Bishopi and the Bishop had the rest« ,' Bishop Beaufoe gave it with 
other lordships^ to be bald of the see. 

The Lady Joan, late wife of Ralph (Pettipar) married fVilUam de 
JguiUan; she was in the King^s custody^ having lands hers valued 
at 7/. 

Robert AguUhn, a parliamentary baron, held of the see of Norwich 
in the reign of Henry III. and his daughter and heir luibel brought 
it by marriage to H^h Lord Bardo^ of Wtrmegay, with the lordship 
of Gretham m Hampshire ; Watton m Hertfordshire, and Eddmetm, 
(Edmunton) in Middlesex, which she died seised of in the 17th of 
Edward II. - 

This lordship continued in the Lord Bardolf^s family and descen- 
dants, as in Cromer; and on the attainder of the Lord Viscount 

' Terra WUli. Epis. Tedfordens. de hos om'k. tenuit AlmaniB Eps. T.R.E. 

Feudo.— In Scoutebei vii soc. zx ac. et Arfastus. mo. WUls. Eps. et tameo 

semp. i car. et val. xzxiid. et isti soc. ex uno habuit Abbas de Olmo com'd'- 

jacent in Harmesbei i ecdia xxxvi ac. et tione. tantu' T. R. E. et ex h. libis ho- 

val. iii sol. io ca'd. x )ibi. ho'es. de h. minib; tenst RioMrd. filt* Abni vi de 

habuit Almarus Eps. com'd. T.R.B. et Epo. et ide' Eps. alios. 

hahltiicsr. t'ft.ctvsc.sep. « TsMdeNsr" 
iii ac. p'ti. l^. vsl* XX sgl* p», ux 


# * 

Beaumont, was granted id the 13th of Edw. VL February U,io An- 
ihony Earl Riven. 

fVilliam Lord Viscoant Beaumont^ being restored in blood in the 
leign of Hen. VII. and dying lord in 1508, s. p. the lordship came to 
the Crown; and on June 5, in the 6th of Henry VIII. was granted 
to Sir fVm. Arundel, Lord Matrevers, and the Lady AnM his wife ; 
and Henry Earl of Arundel his son^ inherited it ; but in the 2d and 
Sdof PAtfipand Mary^ it was granted by fine to that Kin^ andQaeen; 
aad'in the said yeaf^ January 2, was granted to Sir Nicholas Hare, 
and John Hare. 

Soon after this it was in the Cleres, and Edm. son of Sir John Clere, 
(bis father who died August 21, 1557,) had livery of it. in the said 

In this family it continaed* Sir John Clere, Bt* being found to die 
seised of it January 16^ in thels^h of King Charles I. and Abigal was 
his daughter and heio &gcd 2 months and JO da^; she married John 
Cromwell, Esq. alias fViuiams, of London, who to her right was lord 
in 1663. 

The abbey of St. Bennet of IJolfne had in King Edwardfs daysj and 
at the survey, a lordship^ consisting of 109 acres, 3 borderers^ and a 
carncate in demean, with half a carucate among the tenants, 2 acres 
of meadow, valued at 10s. The town wad one leuca long, and 5 fur- 
longs broad, and paid 20d. gelt.' 

In the 15th of Edward I. the abbot of Holm claimed as lord, a gal- 
lows, the assise, and wreck at sea. 

On the dissolution of this abbey, and exchange of lands made be- 
tween King Hen. VIII. (who held it) and Bishop Ru^, was granted 
to the see of Norwich, and so united to -the manor that the Bishop 
held, as abovementioned, and so held by lease, as I take it. 

Here was also in this town a freeman who owned 10 acres, and half 
a carucate and an acre of meadow, valued at lOd. Alan de Tedfort, 
who seems to have the care of this under the King, and of several 
freemen that the Conqueror had seized on, and joined this to the ma«, 
nor of Ormesby at'the survey. Almar, son of Godric, took care of it.* 

This was united to the King's manor of Ormesby, and so passed 
.with it, . J . 

The*CHi7RCH is a rectory, dedicated to AU^Saints, and appibpriated 
on the decease of Ralph Puttcrely rector, to tlie priory of Norwich, for 
use of the sacrist, by John Grey Bishop of Norwich, in 1205, saving 
a pension of 5s. to the cellarer, and a vicarage was appointed. 

In the reign of King Edward I. the rectory, together with the vi- 
carage, was valued at 24 marks, and was exempted from the payment 
of procurations, being an exempt from the arcndeacon, as one of the 
prior's manors ; but Uie archdeacon had the Jurisdiction over all the 
parishioners dwelling on the manor of the Lord Bardolf* 

The Ptf^^r- pence were 20d. 

^* TerraS'ci. Benedict! deHulmo—— * I&ti sunt Uberi ho'es Regis. ■ 

Ib Scrocebey dx ten. se'p. S. B. se'p. In Scrotcbcy i lib. ho. xacr. semp. dim. 

iii bor. tc. i car. . In d'oio. se'p. dim. car. et 1 ac. p'^ti. et val. xd. hoc. addit 

car. horn. liac. p'ti. val. x sol. et ht« Ailvin. de Tedfi>rd ad censu' de Ormes* 

i leu. in longo. et v qr. in lat. et xxd. bey T.R. Willi. &c. et Ahnar* euitodit* 
dc g. 



Thomas de Ponewyk died vicar in 1311 

In 131 1, Thomas de ScrowUby, institated vicao preseiited by the 
prior and convent of Norwich. 

3321, Peter, Herman. 

]349j John de Methwold. 

1349, John de Tojts^ 

Richard Perijn vicar. 

1355, Adam Hert. 

1358, Henry Pye. 

1388, William Tuffin. 

1396, Nicholas Julles. 

14V: 1> Johnde Halle. 

1434, Simon AUeyn. 

1438, John Cok. 

1446, Thomas Clark. 
Thomas Barf oot. 

1452, William Stox. 

1473, John Whyte. 

Walter Gtueyntrell vicar. 

In 1505, the. prior allowed ibe vicar 55s, per, unit, for his portion. 

1 506, John Heryson. 

1508, James Raksond. 
John Arskyne, . 

1523, Rob. Maihem. 
Gilbert Kinsman^ 

1533, Stephen Jbynsey. 

Thomas .Bradley, vicar. 

1548, Robert Allen, he was the last vicar; being this year consoli- 
daled or. united to Ormesby, and the church was licensed to be 
demolished. . The vicarage was valued at 51. 

The fan)ily of Stroteby had a lordship in this town. Bernard de 
Scrotehy and Ralph, were living and had lands, as had John, aon of. 
Simon de Scroteby, and Isabel his wife, in the 53d of Henry III. 

About this time Alice de Scroteby was living, and claimed the assise 
of her tenants, as held bj her ancestors. 

Thomas de Thorp and Isabel his wife, grant to the prior of Nbnvici, 
Walter de Kirkeby, &c. all the lands and tenements here and in He: 
mesby^ with the messuages, rents, services, common, pastures, &c.of 
the inheritance of the said Isabel, together with the land which £gt- 
dia, late wife of Nicholas de Scroteby held in dower^ of the inheritance 
of the said Isabel, Alice, Maud and Alice, sisters and coheirs of the 
said Nicholas, tbb reversion of which belongs to the part of .the sidd 

Witnesses, Sir Robert de Castre, Sir William de Stalham, Sir Bar* 
tholomew de Somerton, Sir Hugh de Cayly, Inc.- 

Adam, bod of Robert Wenge add Alice his wife, grant to the priory, 
of Norwich all their right which came to them on the death of JVtcAo* 
las de Scroteby, father of the said Alice, in messuages, &c, 

' Reg, I. Ecc. Cath. Norw.fpl ao9« 


S T O E E S B Y. 849 

Wit nwica ^ Sir Johndc Lovetot, Sir Robert it Berry, Sir WiUiam^ 
de Hakeford, Sir Barth. dc Somerian* Ao. 66Hemy IIL 

Stqatun de Somerton and Et^emia his-wife^ gave lands to the prior; 
and BiOger, son of Ralph CterK, rents out of liind tiere." 

WilUam Colli of ScToUby, held lands of the'sacrist of Norwich, with 
Roger bis brother, and were to perform 8 days work for it, &c. in 
aatttoini and to have. 8 loaves and 14 herrinssj Jo. SSof Edward L 

The temporalities of the priory of Norwich were.valaed in 1428^ 

Rd. Gerald de ^oW^r«i qnitclaimed to Robert dc Lai^l€y,^not 
of Norwich, 8cc« lands and tenekuents^ late Roger de Bokenham'i, and 
Jeffrey his son's. Witnesses, Roger de Ormesby, tViUiamSaeck. of 
Ormeeby^ Roger de Somerton, Thomas de Acre, 8cc« 

Robert de Somerton, and Nicholas bis brother, sons of Stephen de- 
Somerton, granted lands to the %aid prior. Witnesses Roger Begc*' 
9ile, Roger dc Ormesby, &c. dated. ao« 15 Edw* IL , 



i^lLLiAM DE ScoHifis had a grant of this lordship from the 
Conqueror, and held it at the survey. Edwin, a freeman of Guert held 
here in King Edwardfs reign, d carucates of land, 16 villains, 6 bor- 
derers, and 4 servi, with 2 carucates and a half in demean, but at the 
survey there were three; there was one carucate of the tenants, and 
20 acres of meadow, 2 saltworks, and 2 horses for burden, and 4 cows, 
&c. 120 sheep, &c. and a church endowed with 24 acres of land, and 
3 of meadow, valued at l6i.' 

Twenty-one tenants belonged to this manor who had 80 acres of 
land ; the King and the Earl had the soc ; in the whole there were 5 
carucates and 4acres of meadow; and there were3 freemen whom Hitir- 
duin added in the time of King fVilliam^ and they held 100 acres of 
land ; but Scohies* predecessor in King Edward's time, had only the 
commendation of them. Nine borderers also had 3 carucates and 8 
acres of meadow, with a saltwork then valued at lOs. at the survey at 
1&. — Before the Conquest it was valued at lOOs. but at the survey at 

.* Reg« Sacrist. Norw. f. 50, 51. tolo. sep. v car. et iiii ac. p'ti. et iii Kbi* 

* Terra Willi, de Scohie a ■ ■■■■■ ! In ho'es. quos addtdit^ Harduinus T. iU 

Sfokestiev ten. fiduinus lib. ho. Guerd. Willis et ht. c. ac. t're. ex his habuit 

iii car. t re. sep. xv vill. et vi boo ct siius antecessor. T. R. B. commend* 

iiH KT. tc. ii car. ct dim. in d'nio. p. et semp. ix bord. et iii car et viii ac. p'tU 

no. iii et fe'p« i car. fao'uin. xx ac. p'ti. et i'sal. tc. val. x sol. mo. xvi et ma. 

et ii sal. et li r. tc. iiii an. mo. vi se*i>. niuni val. t'c. c sol. mo. x lib. ettamen 

X por. tc. cxx oy. mo. clxxx ct i ecclia reddidit duob; annis un'c'q; anno xt 

xxiiii ac. t're. et'^iii p'ti. et val. xvid. et- lib. et iiii sol. et ht. i leug. ia loag. et i 

xxi ho'es. Ixxx ac t're. jacent. semp* leug. iniat. ct ii sol. deg. 
buic. manerio. Rex et Comes soca' de 

▼Of.* XI. KJc 



t» 3TOKESST.' 

Iftf. yee for ^ vesN it palii eftdb year, 15iL and 4i^ 1t«te«MrleMa 
lone and one hT<mt, andf the gelt was ^. 

Hie Og^ifr Ea^r of JBvclb weve Idrcb m tke icigik of BMr^l. 
from whom it came bjr marriage to the Barb cfChre and OkmuU^ff 
aad by Philippa, dangbtev aad ibireai &ILkmel Doke aSClmnmu, to 
JBdbumtf MorPitmr Bar) of Mardk, wha keld H fn copi/d. 

F^rt of it wai held br the fattiil^ of Dd Rnlham, who heM thii 
lordship also of ihe flaid bonooi^ of CUm^ 

fViluam, son of Matthew de Redham, conreyed a messo^ aad 
landa here td Witluim de G^tngham, by deaid, aam date. 'WiineMafl, 
Motkrt de Etermuth, Roti^t de Stokeib^ ftt* ^ 

Sir ffUtigm de Redktm was lotd in the Jd Edward h datoed a 
lele, and assise ; and fViHidm de Bedham preaavted to the chdrck of 
Stokntm in 1 909. WUham de Redkam settled en bif son Willimm, and 
Joan his wife^ tf moiety of this lordship inf tbe tth of Edward IL and 
in IS25, and 1337, Sit fVittiam de Redkam preaented. 

Jokn son of Gerard de Redham^ and Atiu his wife, passed by fine 
to HichplaSf son of Tho. Fastolf, sereral acres of land, pasture and 
marsh, here and in Haehgbj^f ut the l€tk of Edward II. 

In ihe )6th of that King, William de Redham settled on ChrietiaMf 
wife of IVillidm de Goseford of Yermouth Magna, lands for life* 

By the marriage of Margery ^ daughter and neir of William de Red* 
ham, £8(|. it came to Thomas Bernev, 2d son of John Bemey, Esq. 
of Wichinjgham. In 1356| J^ de Bemeif presented, and in 1358; 
and in this family it oontinned, (as may be seen in IZ^tMaai) many 
years. , 

The family of Cleres had also an interest herein ; Robert Clcre, Bad. 
of 5/o£rs^e, second son of William Clere, t^nt. and Dionyua his wife 
inherited it, he married Elizabeth, daughter of John Rede, Esq. and 
by his testament dated on Wednesday next after the feast of St. Lau* 
rence, in ihe 8th of Henry V. wills io be buried in the church of St. 
Andrew of Stokesby ; appoints Elizabeth his wife, and William Yd- 
vMon^ executors : it appears that he had three sons ; John, William^ 
ahd Edmund, the two first dying i. p. Edmund his son inherited it, 
and by Elizabeth his wife^ daughter and heir of Thomds Charles, Es^. 
had Aobert his son. who died before him, . hot left by BHzabeth his 
wife, daughter of Thomas Brampton, Esq. of Brampton; Edmund his 
aon^and heir, to Edmund his crandfather, and was a toihor in the 7th 
of Henry VII. This Ddmtina married three wives, as in Runham^ but 
Teavinff no issue male, this lordship came to Charles Clere, Esq. son 
of Sir Thomas Clere, (brother of Edmund.) by Jnne his wife, daughter 
and heir of Robert Gygges, Esq. of Rollcsby, who had livery of it in the 
7th of Edward VI. S^Thomas his father being knighted at Leatk ia 
Scotland in 1544. 

C%iirfes Clere, Esq. iM^bo, in 1552, was lord and patron, and b/ 
Mary, daiia;hter of Robert Spring, Esq. of Lanham in Suffolk, waa 
father of Thomas Clere, Esq. lord in 15ga, and iktber of CAer/ss Ckn, 
Eaq. who married Elizabtik, danghter ot WiUiem Drary, Esq. of 
BMtS'Hall in Tcndring in Eiser, LL.D* also judge of the prerogative 
cou^i, 8cc. 

Afterwards it was in the family of Windham ; Charles Windiems, 
Esq. of Stokeebg Waa lord and patron in 1667, mid. waa Aitber of 


land, merchant^ of larmouth, about 1710. 

The Chdbch it dedicated to Sl Andrew, and is a rectonr, aocieot^jr 
mAmd «t 50 mafiu, mhI .4ie ^irbry id l^gMeoiHe tad a portion 
therein, present, the valor is 13i. 6s. Sd. aqd pay^ teqtbs, 8cc. Peter* 
pence df. In the d4th of Henry IIL fViUiam de Redhani bad the 

Thomae ife Ormti!^ occurs rector' in the 1 1th of Edward 1. 
1303, Steph. de Redham,'m%titnteA, presented by friUiam de Red' 

1 395, Richard de PhOeby, by Sir WiHiam de Redham, Kn t. 

1337» Thomas Buekeskifn. "Ditto. 

1356, Thomas Jtte Lathe, by John de Berney, and 7%omas Biosfty*. 

135B, Jef. de Hunden. Ditto. 

139 1# Matthew Salle, by JoAit Copedike. 

1414, Comtantine Dalby,. by JoAn Bmiey of Itecftam, Esq. 

Mr. Robert JmnUby, rector. 
1444, Mr. r^o^iiis Frenge, by JoAn Fastolf, tec. 
1455, Mr. &'m. TAomAnffi, £l^D. by the Bishop, a lapse. 
^amei Oldys, rector. 

Jamee Gloyt, rector, administrator of the goods of Jamee 
Cloys, late rector of Stokesby. was granted to Marffsret Paston of 
Norwich, gentlewoman, the 6th of fiAneary> 147^^ ' 

Mr. rtowkw Gerard, LL.B, by Richard Setahwell, guardian 
of John, son and heir otJohn Berney, Esq. 
1507j Mt^ fifl^on, by Sir Robert Southwell. 
15i«; trtlliam Palfreyman, by JaAn Berufy, Esq. 
1552, Mr. Sim. Risby, A.M. by Margaret Bemey, widow. 
1552, Christopher Brown, by Charles Clere, Esq. 
1^55, Cuthbert Dawglose. Ditto. 
1557, Mr. Peter Wattes. Ditto. 

1560, Bernard Sudburn. Ditto. « ji ^ ^ 

Matthew Wood; he died rector, and by his will dated anA 
proved 1580, directed to be buried in the chancel here. 

John Hotdte, or Holte, be occurs rector of StokeOym um. 
l6l6,,rAoiiMf Lewgar, by TJiomas Clere, Esq. and Charles Clere, 

Mr. Rkhard Fielding, died rector in October l65a* 
John Harte, cqcan rector in 1663. 

Mr. Broo^, died rectorin December 1686. 

Sim. CasAam, died rector in N<»«»6er l66j|. 
John Waee, died rector in 1730. «... ry 

1730, William Bemey, died rector in 1747, and WiUiW Heme, 
SQCceeded, presented by John Bertiey,D.D. 
. . 1748. Rkhard Bemey. ... 

EdsuMnd Qlere, Esq. by his wiB dated May 94, 1484, require to be 
boiled in the chanod 4i£ tUs chiUQb« proved in 1488, gives 10 ouM 

SSt T H R I C^ B Y, 


churches io Flcgg deanery 6s. 8^1 ea6h, to the hocne of St. Aunt of 
Weybrigge IS$. 4d. 

Thomas Wyndham, Esq. of Siokesbyf is siud 4o be buried ben, aod 
Charles fVyndham, bis son in 1668 ; and Charles Wyndham, Esq. bit 
sonj in 1685. 

In the church were the arms of Ckre^ impaling OharUsj emdmiim 
a chiefs gules, lozenges of ^e first. 

On a gravestone 

For Sir Thomas Clcre, Ki. and Elizabeth his wife* 

Clere impaling Gyggs, sqble^ a fr§t ermine; a chief cheqaer^ 
argent, and of the first. 

Redehqm, gules^ a phevron, ingrailed argent, between three reed 
sheaves, or. — Also Gygges, quartering ; in the 2d vairy argent aud 
vert, on two bars, sable, three bezantd, Toppes; — in the 3d, or, a chev- 
ron betw^n three lions couchant, gules, 4thj as 1st. 

The temporalities of the abbot of Holme were &• of Weybridgc 
wrtory 145. 4d, j 

The prioress of Mergate 100s. an annnal pension ontof the maiior ; 
—of the prior of Tyn&idge, a pension of $/. Ids. per ann. Hi.S, paic^ 
by John Berney^ ofit of th^ manor. 


T H R I C K B Y. 

(j o o B I c, at the survey, was steward of a lordship belonging to the. 
Conquerpr, of whiph 6 freemen of Ralph Stair a were deprived, con- 
taining 40 acres; ^nd a carucate and a half, a salt-work, 4 acres of 
meadow, valued at 9s. and the King and the Earl had the soc.' 

This was held with Ormesby manor, and had the same lords. Wil* 
Ham de Ormesby was returned as lord, in the 9lh of Edt^ard IL from 
•the Ormesbys it'cai^e to tl^e Cleres; ^nd Robert Clere, Esq. of 
Stokesby held it in tb^ reigp of Henry VI. and so passed as i^ 

Roger Bigot, ancestor pf the EarU of Norfolk, had a fee, of which 
^ freemen were deprived, of 31 acres of land, of two of these Jllwitf 
had the commendation only, and Guerd of the other, and there was 
a carucate and 2 acres of meadow valued at 4s.* 

William Bovile and ^ Joan his wife, daughter of James de Creke, 
held a quarter of a fee of the Earl Marshall in the reign of fftfiry 
III. . Q 

■ Tcrre Re^is q- a. Godric fervat. • Terra Rogeri Btfoti-— ^lo Trike* 

In Trukeboj vi lib. ho'cs Rati, bydc Hi lib.ho'cf A. xaxi «c. tre. de 

Stalra xl ac. sep. i car. et dim. sal. ct duob; habutt. Ailwin comd. tanm. etde 

liii ac. p'ti. et val. ix sol. Rex ct Comes* alto. Guerd. et sep. i car. et ii ac, pti. 

wca- ctval.-iiiisoU 



This came after to the lilbys^ and to the Cletsi. 

Bartholomew Edrick held also in the 3d of Henry 1V» It Quarter of 
a fee of the manor of Oivfty. 

fVmiam Beaufoe Bishop of Nontich held in fee, in his own riebt^ 
the land of a freeman, who possessed 12 acres of land, and half a 
camcate under the protection of Almar, Bishop of Etmlmfn, valaed at 
l£d.; the town was half a leaca longhand hair a onelnroad) aiid ^d 
)4i2. halfpenny gelt;' 

Bishop Beau/oe gave this lordship with many other, to bis see, and 
io it continues as I take it. 

fVilliam dc S^ohiethvA also ^at ' the survey 10 freeasen's land herrcy 
and at, &c. which Hngh held under him, &c. here was ond caractite 
and ap half and. 18 acres of land, 2 borderers, 2 carucates and an hlili^ 
and 13 acres of meadow, 5 saltworks, a church endowed with^acKs, 
Talned at M. — ^The manor valued before the survey at 40f* and then 
at 80» ,* the King and the Earl had the soc.^ 

William de Redham held this lordship in the 3d of Heniy IIL and 
ffranted by fine to the abbot of Langl^, the church of Trtkeby, and 
Uie abbot eave to fVilliam 2 acres of land in Stokesby, n^t (he 
chorch-yara to the west. 

fVilliam de Redham was returned to be lord in the 9th oi Edward 
II. after this it came to the BemeySt and the Cleres of Siokesby, who 
held the whole tofrn. 

jibraham Castell, Esq. was lord and patron in 1677> and Mobleri 

C0siell, Esq. who sold it in 1710, to Air. Smith, merchant, of Yar* 

punUh, who raised a great estate by exportation of malt to HoUandg 

and Joshua Smith, .p«}« was lord and patron in 1740« 

, ^ The' tenths were 2/. lOs. ' , 

The church is a vicarage, dedicated to St. Maty, the rectory wai 
appropriated to Langleu abbey, and vidued at 5/. the vicarage at 4 
piarks ; Pe^e^-pence 14a. ob.; the present valor is 6A and isdiscnarged^* 


1305, Ad. Warmele, instituted vicar, presented by the abbot dt 

1320, Andrew de Btdinghavfk. 

]324, Richard de Botone. 

1331, John Godwyne* 

1349j John de fVolterton^ 

iS49, Richard Stok. 

1359, Sam. Atketyl. 


J 369, Richard Bulderim. 

I38I9 Peter de Heyham, by the Bishops alapse. 

' Tre. 'Will. Epis. Teclforclens. de Trikebei tenet fluflo^libothd'^. etia 

Feodb-.-^In Trikebei i lib. ho. xii it Maltebei. er in Filebeii car. tre. etdim.- 

ac. tve«^fub. Aim* £p* camdatione tan- et xiii ac. aeD. ii et ii car. et dim. et xiii 

tu'. sem]). dim. car et val. xiid. et ht« ac. p'ti. v sal. i ccclia y ac. et val. yid» j 

dim. Iq. in long^ et dim. in lat. et xiiiid. tc» val» xl. sol. roe. lxxif Rex et C* 

ct ol>ol. de tttiiom socst 

« Tem Will, de Sa4||es ■ la 

lS88t Niekohi JbMy ug , r 

IS9^, Thomoi de Lodnei t 

M16, WiOum AmM. 

MIQ, Jofo WHhtnm. 

MtSf WiUumdt ffimmfibjf. 

149fi> Thomas DrawMerd by the Bishop^ • lapA. 
. 1408^ rAtMMt Ctmhfrbu, by the Bkhof , •li4pM. 

15 15, BMamald Beverfy. 

16S9, WQtkm Skertdng, by Th^mm Gf^dmhe^ Giq. 

]5M» 3!kM9ta« i{oAiMoii» by the BMioo a hme. 

1557, William EOkt, by William CM$ah$, fiiq. 

1560, JfUh. WhiU, by CHar/et CUm^^f 

Ita^, Joim EUmghtm.^ Ditto. 

1 566, Thomat Bretland. DitiQ. 

1S71, J^hmThornUU. Diiia. 
JnU fVikiufi, vicar. 

3604^ Mom Wood, by the omgMtn^of Thmat Oen, fM^f 

l607f John Holte, by ChatlesClere. 

M\6, MomUL mimn, by ditto. 

1656, Oarm TAomelofi, by Join B^htmer^ Gent 

1677, IZoder/ Praitant, by Abraham CaUeU, £iq« 

16BS, CiarUiCoaii, by iiilfo. 

If87» JBeM ctMtfi iMnaw, fay dStf o, 

1603, Aofer^ Pair, by diUo. 

1704> TAonuis Ker/in, bf^JRakeei Ca$ieU, £aq. 

3%oiRfl« Martyn, died rector id 17W, and ikm .succeeded by 
Uiohatd Gay Lueas, Thoma$ Simik, Esq. 

The cbvsh and chancel is covered with feed, epa :haa a aqiiare' 

On the north windows in many places are the arms of Gyggi; on 
an old board formerly part of the rood loft, are, in old characters, 

-Hie. Jh. eapitu tU^^Hic fiagtUat. — Hie cmqfigitur — Hie dq^ 

On gravestones in the chancel, 

Al€9. Wilion, clerk, tep. Jan. 83, 1710, mi. 4€. 

Hie iiim e$i EdvardoM Wamet hand ita pridem eetUnar. d$ 
Lammai et Hatfteboii, rector, virprolm et doctns, {[fa mcfritm nu^nut 
upri alendis pa%iper^m wpremo mo tettamento l^avtt, ob. fj, die )7QQ^ 
^taiiiqf fifts 87< 

He left an estate of about lOOliper ann, to TarmmUh nniWtfi^ 
Hautboii Hall, to the corporation or Nortarieh^ 

Here was the guildof »t. Mm^garefm 

The temporalities of the priory of Norwick were St. 2d. 

The town seems to take lU name. from three streaDM, oribraQka ef 
water^iieie »eeli^r-3V«-ftc«4yf nnd Ao$,.{rre*kep4an at Thns^m. * 

in the reign pf King Edpari kV .ffat^^r eajo the ebnrcb waai4& 
spacer hmg; an4 K hropd. 

■ T' 




jThs Bttoe of this town is entiiely apponte to its aitotttioa, ftom 
wiikb, indeed, like mumr oiheth it ii taken* Yof'^iiouih is as ezprea- 
mm^ of the Yar^$ Mmuiy or the mmUk of the mer Yart, as a eom* 
poond word caa be* The Sax^m called it Qarwmi, mA Jurmud; 
(tbe pronoDciation of their d being somewhat like oar th) that is, the 
aiMilA of tbe Garienh, ot Yart'; woich river rises aboat the middle of 
the coaoty, and, after reeeiving into it the Wafomev and Bme, here 
disembogudt itself into the Gmrman sea/ It had the epithet Gttat 
added to it in tbe rei^ of Edmard L in order to distingoish it, as 
some say^ from Yarmotdh\n the isle of tfight, bnt others, with mote • 
pr(4>abiiity, make it the distinction between tins and Littk YermeiflA 
in &folk. 

It ia sUU a dispataUe point whether this be the Gariamomim of the 
anoieals or not, Cemdlni says, '' I dare not affirm that this was die 
** old Garioaemiin, where formerly tbe SuMaian horse lay in garri- 
** aon agaiast tbe barbarians ; nor yet the neighbonciD^ little village 
^ Cmior^ (formerly the seat of Sir Jokm FakU^y an eminent knight) 
^ famous amon^ the inhabitanti^ on account of its antiqwty : 
" tboogb there is another report Uiat the riter Yart had another 
** asontb jast aader it^ Bat as I am ib^onghly convinced,, ^t the 
'^ Gananofmm was at Burgh-^aMile in Suffolk, which is scarce two 
*' miles distant from tbe opposite bank of the river, so am I apt to 
^ tbink, that YarwMuih rose oat of its ruins, and that this Caslor was 
^ one of the Ramam castles, placed also at the mouth of the river 
^ Yore, now shut aps for as tbe north*west wind fky$ the. tyrant 

• The Bute sboanda widi excellent <«underydlowith, like gsldt saddle hstt 

peiclvMdset the Yare with>a dah pecu« ** black* It is particularly remsrirable 

fiar to itaelf» called a Ruff, of which lat- ^ for a line drawn along the backy like 

ter it may hot be unentertaining ro give ** a crou thread tied to the body | tlie 

Mr. Camden's description t <« The co« '* tail knd fias are all over spotted with * 

«^leurof tlleback»sayshe, isofadark ** bladL. When it is pfofoked its fins 

"brown, the belly a palish yellow. *' bristleopftwken quiet they lie flat and. 

** Along the jaws it is marked with a ** close. It eats like a percht and^is par* 

** doubte semiciroular linei the upper *' ticulariy valued for its. shortness and 

«< half of tbe eye is a dark brown, the ^ wholcwmeness." 




** upon the eoast of Holland over-agaiosi this placGj and has stopped 
^ ap the middle moath of the liAtne with sandst in like manner hm 
^ the norlh-east damaged this coast, and seems, by sweeping op heaps 
^* of sand^ to have obstructed this harbour ; for the cleansing and 
^ keeping open of which, many statutes have passed in parliameiit^ 
'^ in regard to the great importance thereof, for carrying on the trade 
'^ and navigation of this kingdom. Nor will it be any injur)*, if I call 
^ this our Yarmouth (so nearly joined to the old Garianonum) Garu 
^ anonum itself; since the Gdrieni8,from whelice it bad its natoe, hat 
'^ now changed its channel, and enters the sea below this town, to 
'' which it also gave name ; for I cannot biit own this Yarmouth is of 
^' a later date ; for^ wbenitluifc cM.Garianonum was ^ne to dec^ay^ 
^ and there was none left to defend this shore, CerAck, the warlike 
^ Saxon, landed here, from whence the place is called by tbe inha- 
'' liitants at this day, CerUck^sandf and by other historians Ceriidk' 
'^ shore ; and when he had harassed the Iceni with a ffrieyous war, 
^ hcf set sail 'from hence for the west, where he settled the kingdom 
^ of the west Saxons. And not long kfter5 the Saxons, instead of 
^ Garianonum, built a new town in that moist watery field upon the- 
^*west sideof the river, which they called Yarmouth; but the sitnatibn 
^ thereof proving uni^holesome, they removed to the other side of the 
^ river, called then, from tbe same Cetdick, Cerdkk-sand, and thele 
^ thev built this new town, wherein -there flourished, in the time of 
^ Edward the Confessor, seventy burgers.*' 

• On this subject Sir Henry Spelman, in his Icenia, says,'' Yarmouik 
** is neither the real Garianonum^ nor different from the real ; for the 
*^ situation of both was at the mouth of the river Garienis, from which, 
^' also, both were named ; but the one received its name from the old - 
'^ channel, the other from the new ; and both in that space of the 
'* shore where Cerdick, a Saxon, in the year of our Lora AQfi, with 
*< Cenrick, his son, and five ships, entering the port, put theopposih^ 
*^ Britons to flight, and named the port Cerdick-shore, as Etkelwerd 
'* relates." And a little after he goes on ; " the river (Yare) desert- 
'' ing its channel, has consigned to oblivion the ancient situation of 
^ Garianonum. The marks of both the situation aad the ri¥e^ are 
" very uncertain. Two places seem to claim it ; Burgh-Castle, in the 
^ county of Suffolk, wnich at> this day hangs over tbe sooth side of* 
^ the river, and Castor, a little village about 4 miles distant, to the 
^ north. Both exhibit something of the Boman : the former a foor- 
<' sided, oblong, pitched camp, crowned with a wall, but two remote 
^ from the sea, and in a place so surrounded with marshes and nar- 
'^ row passes, as to be an^incommodious situation for troops of horse; 
*^ the latter, on the shore itself, discovering also the ruins of a wall 
''and fortification, in an open plain, very commodious for the ex- 
" cursion of horse and for the defence of the shore which was givoi 

in charge to this count,^ and this cavalry ; for the interior and 

midland parts were guarded by another count, and rather with 
" cohorts of foot, than troops of horse. I therefore place GarianO" 
" num at Cnjs/or, though Camden ^as pleased wixh Bwrgh^ 

Of these two great authorities I am inclined to favour the Iatter,-aa 
Sir Utfiry SpelmanU reasons seem to be the most cogent and decisive. 

^ The cottQt of the Sszon $honr« 



TWs Garianommf which we may conclude was at Castin', was an 
ancient fortreas of the Romans, where their StabUsian horse were 
statiooed, under the commaod of the Count of the Saxon shore, (who 
was hence called Gariannonenm) in order to guard the shore from the 
frequent inroads of the Saxon pirates ; he had in all under his com- 
mand 2200 foot and 200 horse, which were stationed at different 
places on the coasts of Norfolk, Suffolk, Essex, Kent, &c. which had 
then the denomination of the Saxon shore, from being situated nearly 
opposite to the native country of the Saxons, a warlike people of 
Lrermany, ^ 

Burgh-Caslle, however, though we may be disinclined to think it 
the Garianonum of the ancients, must not be held in less esteem for 
Its antiquity, since it is evident from many circumstances that it was 
B Roman station, as well as Castor ; Romanam ostendunt ambo speciem. 
Ihis 18, in a great measure, confirmed by the many Roman coins and 
piecea of urns which iiaye been found at both places: but more par- 
ticularly at Castor, in a place called the ]&aU Bloody-Burgh Furlong; 
and It ]s observable that the date of the coins found at Castor are 
more ancient than those at Burgh-Castle; hence it may be inferred, 
ihnt Castor was the first fortress on this coast, the river lare emptying 
Itself into the ,sea, not far from thence, at a place distinguished by 
the name of Cockle Water, alias Grubb's Haven, many centuries after. 
But the course of the river shifting more to the south, occasioned 
by strong north-east winds blocfang up the mouth with sand and 
gravely it is probable another station might be thought necessary, and 
one might accordingly be made on the south side of the river. 

The situation of these two stations, upon fine eminences on either 
ude of the river, and in sight of each other, was extremely well adapted 
for the troops, who might, on any emergency, give intelligence to 
each other, by signals, and so command the adjacent shore, and en- 
Uance into the river, to greater advantage than if there had been but 
one station. 

Cerdick-sand, or Cerdick-shore, of which mention has been already 
made, seems to have been a great sand-bank formed along the shore, 
between two branches or channels of the Yare, called havens, by which 
two channels the river then entered the sea ; one running near Castor, 
the other near Gorleston. By the former of which, from many con- 
cnrring circumstances, it is imagined that Lothbroch, the noble Dane, 
whose story is related by Sir Henry Spelman, entered, in his passage 
to Reedham, where he landed. The story has, indeed, something of 
the marvellous in it, but 6eing so seriously related, and by such res- 
pectable authority, I cannot resisj; the temptation of giving it at length, 
as It also bears some relation to the topography ot the place we are 
treating of. 

"At the confluence of the Yare with the fVaveney," savs he, " three 
u R^ ^^^^ Yarmouth, the little village of Reedham, iHe seat of the 
*' Barneys, appears just out of the marshes, having its name from its 
« nf^^ situation ; but by the miraculous arrival of Lothbroc, a, noble 
« u "^' equally celebrated and unfortunate. I will revive the melan- 
" choly tale.^ — ^Tbis Lothbroc, of royal race, after he had begotten 

? This Ulc is mentioned in page lai, . Sir Henry Spilmao, who intended it ta 
but as It IS not here inserted UteralTy from 

▼OL. XI. LI 




^ two soDfl, Htn^r and Hubbat and was dJone soflUe time in & boal^ 
*^ hawking for birds, by the islands near Den^tirhj Was driven by a 
^ sadden tempest over the breath of the sea, and is carried into th^ 
'' mouth of the Yare, as far as Reedham. The inhabitants broufi^ht 
'' the stranger, as they had found him, aloney with his bawk, to JBcI- 
^* mund, King of the EaU'Angles, whose palace was Catt&r, lOnailei 
" from thence. The King is astonished at tne man^s figure and foTttme, 
'' and receives him with a countenance and manner so engi^ng, that 
^ Lothbroc's affection for his own country was presently idienated. 
~ He is also delighted with the diversions of the courtiers, especially 

hunting; to be'more expert in which, he associates with Bern, the 
^ King's huntsman ; and in so short a time excels his master, that, 
" stung with envy, be privately murdered him in the woods^ whither 
^ he had seduced him. While Lotkbroc was misstng« the vigilant 
'' greyhound that he bad kept, guarded the body ot his fnnraered 
^' master; but being compelled by hunger, now* and then visits the 
'' hall, and being observed by the King's servants, he is followed by 
^* them to the body. Bern is therefore found guilty, and by iodgmeiit 
'' of the King's court, is put into Lothbroc's boat, alone, and destitute 
** of every instmment of navigation ; and being cofmmitted to the 
'' waves and winds, it was his fortune to be carried to Denmark. The 
'^ boat being there known, he is examined on the rack, conceruiiig 
" Lotkbroc* s death ; and, in order to be delivered from the torture, 
** pretends that he was murdered by Edmund, King of the East-Angla. 
'^ tiinguur and Hubba now vow the bitterest revenae ; and having 
'' raised an army of £0,000 armed men, with Bern for their guide, 
'' suddenly ravage all East Anglia. They soon after take Ming jE4- 
'' mund, scourge him, and afterwards wound him with arrows, behead 
** him with a sword, and hack him in pieces, to be canonis<sd. Thus 
'' the kingdom of the Beat- Angles expired with its King, in the yetr 
" of erace 870, 8cc. &c.'' 

What Sir Henry Spelman would infer from this story, is^ that Yon 
mouth was not in being at that time, and consequently that Reedkam 
Is more ancient than Yarmouth; Magna YermuthA antiguiorem e9$e. 
''For," says he, f* if Yarmouth was inhabited when Lothbroch was 
'' driven hither, there is no doubt but he would, with his cry, have 
«' implored assistance, and, wearied with hunger and fatigue, had pro- 
^' ceeded no further up the river." This, however, supposing the stofy 
to be true, (which, I must acknowledge, requires a pretty IsiKe portion 
of creduKtv to admit of,) does not yet amounjt to a proof; because 
it must strike any person, that a man half dead with the fatigue of 
such a voyage, and almost famished for long want of snstetfance, on 
entering a broad river, with a rapid tide, could make but very ^Ue 
efforts to go to this or that place, and perhaps so far spent as to be 
scarce heard at a small distance, should be endeavour to call for assis- 
tance, so that it is as probable that Lothbroch should have been driven 
by the tide, up the river, as far as Reedham, as that he should have 
made for either Yarmouth or Castor, or it is possible that be might 
have been driven up the river in the night, and so have escaped ob- 
servation. I must needs think, therefore, that Sir Henry* s tale is more 

tlud^atc the topography of these places^ 1 1 is i^n introduced here| to answer the 

origiaal purpaie* 

Y A R M O U T If. ASQ 


entertaiDing tiuu bis infereoce b i coDclanye* Bat to retam i^ 
Cerdick -shore: 

It is said, that after the Romans bad evacaated Britain, and the 
Saxon adTentttrers had carried the news of their good success here^ 
into Germany, this place was foand to be very commodioas for landing 
of troops, and as new adventarers were daily pouring into the kingdom, 
Cerdick made the first descent in these parts, and, as above related,, 
gave the name to it, which it bears at this time, and which accordine 
to Brompton, is our Yarmouth* For when the Saxons bad got solid 
footing in England, and had firmly established their own government, 
as tbtnffs began to wear a more peaceable aspect, and trade and com- 
merce oegan to rear their heads, snch a situation as this, so well 
adapted to foreign and domestic commeree, navigation and trade, 
' could not long escape the penetrating eye of the Saxons; who (as 
Camden has above observed) built a new town, in lieu of the old 
Garianonum, on the west side of the river, till the unwholesomenasa 
of so moist a situation, and other inconveniences, induced some of the 
inhabitants to remove to the opposite bank, (Cerdick shore) already 
encreased in bulk and firmness, and there laid the foundation of Great 
Tarmouth» • 

Hence is evident the futility of some accounts of the origin of thif ' 
town, which would have it, that in the time of Canute it was a sand 
jn the sea; that it only began to be seen at low water in Edward the 
Coniessor's time, and to be dry land from 1040 to IO9O, when it Vas 
po longer overflown ; that then fishermen began to resort hither, and 
baild tents, in which they resided, at least, during the time of their 
fishing for herring, &c« 

But, however me circumstances of these accounts may be founded 
in truth, the anachronism is a glaring error, as is plain, ft'ool tb^ slate 
of the town, at the grand survey of tne Conqueror, as it is preserved 
in that autheptic record of this kingdom, Domesday Book, where we 
find this account of it. 

Hundred qf\ King Edward held Yarmouth. There were always 

East Flegg. /seventy burgesses. It was then vali^d, with two parts 
of the soc of the three hundreds, a.^ 18/. by tale, and the Earl's part 
was 9/. by tale. The Kine's two parts are now !?/• 15s. 4d. blanci, 
and the Earl's part is 10/. blancs ; and the sheriif has four pounds and 
one hawk, in toe time of King Edward^ for a fine. These four pounds 
the bargesses give gratis and in friendship. 

In the same, Almarus the Bishop had, in King Edward^s time, a 
oertain church of St. Bennet ; IVilkam Bishop or the diocese has the 
Mme now, and is valued at ^. The whole pays 12d. ^It.^ 

^' What these burgesses were (that are mentioned in the abov<e 
^ extract) the survey itself," says Dr. Brady, '* makes no mention ; 
^ bat in a conlfroversy that happened between the burgesses of Yur^ 


* TsaiLA Reois. , 

Jst. ti.\ G^rnemwa tcii^. Rex. S. lib. blancas; etVicecotnesh'tiiii'lib. et 

deff^,j nmotr Lxx burgentes. i accipit'e T.R.E. de gersuma. Hasiiil 

Tunc. v^. cu' duab; p^b^ soche de lib. mat burgenses gratis et amicitia. 

tiibus hundretib xviii lib. ad. numerum. In eadem. habiiit T. R. &> Almarus 

et pars Comitis xi lib. ad nunierum. Spis. quanda' ecclesiam Eenedicti. ean* 

Modo due parm Regit xvii lib. et xv dei* modo h't W. E\>'i de episcopatuet 

•Ql.n]]ud.l>laocMi ttpiiaCmitis s vsl* xxiol»Totu0r«4ditxiad,4^gflt«» 



f' mouthy and the tenants of the mBxior-of Lothingland, in Oorlestone, 
'* and Little Yarmouth, in the 12th y^ar of Henry III. about lading 

* " and unlading ofgoods^ 8cc. it appears that they were merchants and 
'' traders at sea. That the kings of England had kept this bargh in 

« *^ their own hands, and received, by their officer, the profits of the 
*' port, until the Qth year of the reign of King John.** Hence it is 
observable^ that long before that King's incorporation charter, Yar" 
mouth was called a burgh, and the merchants and traders burgesses. 
And it is remarkable that Domesday Book makes no mention of villains, 
borderers, servi, 8cc. whence it might be inferred that the burgesses of 
Yarmouth were always free, thougn not in so extensive a manner as 
after the grant of Kmg John's charter, which gave tliem liberty to 
buy and sell without molestation, exempted them from toll, released 
them of that uncertain custom of rent, &c. and granted them several 
other immunities, which they had not before. 


Though we meet with no records prior to the reign of Edward III. 
that can I^ad us to ascertain the many and great aifficnlties and ex- 
penses attebding the haven of Yarmouth, yet, from the nature of the 
thing itself, as it has since appeared, it is a very reasonable conjecture 
that the burgesses had frequently to encounter with them, even from 
the first foundation of the town. 

In the £Oth of that Kins, however, we find the bailiffs, burgesses, 
and othe;r inhabitants of Yarmouth, presenting a petition to the Kine, 
for liberty to cut a haven nearer to the town than their then chanDelj 
on a supposition that it would be more advantageous to the navigation 
in and out, and less liable to many inconveniences they bad so latelv 
experienced. For it appears that the north channel, called Grubs 
haven, between Yarmouth and Castor, had been so filled up, that it 
was rendered unnavigable, and the rivers, for wfint of sufficient pas* 
sage for their disembo^oement into the sea, by this channel, had 
necessariiv diverted their course to the south ; an event, however, of 
no small importance to the landed interest, which, by this diversioii 
of the channel, had gained many thousand acres of meadow and 
marshland, which had before been constantly overflowed by the sea, 
but which, in a short time after this, became good pasturage for cattle, 
and are of very great value to the proprietors, at this day. A very 
different consequence was felt bv the navigation ; for the cnannel kept 
still shifting to the south, till it had ^ot nearly four miles to the south- 
ward of the present haven, between Gorton and iMDettoft, and having, 
by the united obstructions of wind and sea, formed in itadf manv 
shelves and sand-banks, navigation was in danger of being at a standi 
as few ships of burden could enter in^ or go out with safety. 

This appears to be the nUite of the haven, when the inbabitaots pre- 
sented their petition to tne Kine, who immediately granted tlieir 
request. *' To the charge whereof says Mr. Mond^p, tne King him- 
" self was very beneficial, in regard that in the 14th year of bis reiga, 
<' at Sluys in Flanders, commonly called the batik of Swkse^ the 
^* townsmen of Yarmouth did him most worthy, service.'' TtaMWoriky 

Y A R M O U'T H. 861 

umce was, indeed, considerable ; there being not less than 52 ships 
that year in the King's service. 

The new hareo, tbns obtained, was at best but a temporary relief; 
for notwithstanding the very great expense it was to the inhabitants, 
to keep it in prder, we find that in the 46th of Edward III. a term of 
only twenty-six years, it was so blocked op with sand and gravel, that * 
no ships could enter it, so that they were under the necessity of un- 
lading their goods in the road adjoining, called Kirkley RoM, or very 
near the mouth of the haven, which bemg represented to the iCing, 
he was pleased to unite Kirkley Road io the town and port otYarmoutn, 
<aflter a suit of six years continuance, and great opposition to the 
contrary) on paying him and his successors lOOs. per arm. and to 
grant to the burffesses full power to receive the like duties there, as 
at the port of J^rmouth, for ever. 

The cause of this opposition to the union of Kirkley Road, was on 
scomint of the great advantages that attended the unlading the ships 
there, to Lowestoft and other neighbouring towns ; the owners of the 
ships refusing to pay the ancient customs due to the town of Tarmouih, 
which occasioned the burgesses to apply to the King, who tfaerenpoa 
granted a writ of ad quod dampnum, in his 44th year, directed to the 
escbeator of Norfolk and Suffolk, and two inquisitions were accord- 
ingly taken, and in his 46th year a charter was granted for uniting 
Ktrkley road to the liberties of Yarmouth ; which power the burgesses 
have continued to enjoy ever since, notwithstanding the many efforts 
made by Lowestoft to wrest it from them. 

The Charter for this union, which is in Latin, runs thus : 

^ Edward by the Grace of God, King of England, and France, and 
^' Lord of Ireland, and Duke of Aguttain, &c. knowe ye that we, 
^ willing, for the aid itnd relief of the town of Great Yarmouth, to 
■^ shew more abundant grace to the burgesses and good men of the 
^ same town, have given and granted, for us and our h^irs, to the same 
-^ burgiesses and go^ men, for an aid and relief of the same town, and 
*^ for 1009. which they and their successors, at the terms of St. Michael 
^ and Easter, by equal portions (for an increment and augmentation 
^ of the farm of 55l. which the same burgesses and good, men ara 
-'^ holden annually to pay to us and our heirs, into our exchequer, ^at 
^' the terms aforesaid, for the town aforesaid) should pay every year 
^ to us and our heirs, into the same exchequer, a certain place in the 
hi^h sea, near the entrance of the haven or the town aforesaid, called 
Ktrkley Road^ and have annexed and united that place to the said 
^' town and haven, to have and to hold unto the same burgesses and 
^*good men and their successors, of us and our heirs, (that place) an* 
*' nexed to' the said town and havefu for ever. Willing and granting, 
** for us and our heirs, to the Same burgessesiind good men, that they 
^ and their successors for ever may have in the said place of Kirkley 
'* Road, all and every the liberties and quittances by the charters of 
'' our progenitors, and confirmation of us to them formerly granted, 
^ as they the same liberties and quittances in the said town, by virtue 
*^ of the charters and confirmation aforesaid, ought to have, and may 
^ have and receive, of all ahips^and boats which shall happen io come 
*^ to the said jtlace of Kirkley Road, and there in part or wholly unlade 
^ the same customs which they, according to the liberties aforesaid. 



*^ have, if they at the said town should arri?e, and theie in part or 
'' wholly, 10 like manoer^ unlade. We have also ffranted for na aa4 
** our heirs to the said burgesses aod eood meoj andfor eyer copfirqied 
<' to the same and their snccessorsj that no ship nor any boat shooli 
'< be laden or unladen et any town or place upon the sea coast^ within 
«^ seven leucas distant from the said town of Great tarmouih, \^y 
'* any person whomsoever^ of herrings or any other merchandi^ei^ 
" onless the ship, boat, or herrings, and also the ^merchandizes were 
'' that person's proper goods only, and not any others, except at the 
** said town of Great Yarmouth, or in the haven of the same, or aft 
'' the place of KirUey Road abovesaid. And also that in time of the 
^' fishing and fair of nerrings do fair should be holden, nor any selling 
^.^ or buying, on account of merchandizing, be made in any place 
<' within the space of seven leucas about the town aforesaid, bnt only 
'^ at tihe same town of Great Yarmouth, and the haven of the sam^ 
<< town, of herrings or any other merchandizes whatsoever. And we 
*' strictly prohibit, for^ns and our heirs, that no one within the apace 
'' aforesaid of seven leucas, presume to lade or unlade any other ship 
^ or boat than his proper own, aod of his own proper > herrings, and 
^^ other merchandizes any where but only at the same town of Great 
** Yarmouth, or in the haven bf the same, or at the place of KirkUy 
^ Road; or in the time aforesaid to hold any fair, or to sell or buy 
^' any herrings or other wares, on account of mercbandiainff, hot only 
'' at the said town of Great Yarmouth, or in the haven of the aamcj 
*^ upon forfeiture of the ships and boats so to be laded or unladed, and 
*' the herrings and other merchandizes, which shall so happen to be 
'' laden or unladen, or from that time to be put up to sale in such 
'^ fairs or else where, by way of merdiandizing, contrary to the said 
'< prohibition, to be applied to the qses of us and our heirs. Of which 
" forfeitures aforesaid we will, and have granted for us and our heirs, 
*' that the bailiffs of the said town of Great YarmoiUh, for the time 
#< being, may and shall enquire, from time to time, and take them 
ff into our custody, and cause them tp be safely kept for our use, and 
^* answer to us, and our heirs thereupon, intp the excheqoer aforesaidi 
f every year, at the terms of St. Jdtchael a^d Easter." 

** Andf all our letters whatsoever to ttve town ofLomest^t or the 
t* men of the same, contrary to any of these premisesi, m#de by os, as 
** to sncb contrariety, we do revoke.** 

'' Witness m^rself at Westmimter the 22d day pf AugU9t in the iA0th 
** year of our reign of England/' 

The recompense made to Yarmouth by this charter, does not ap- 
pear to have been long thought adeouate to the Joss of the navigation 
in their isilted haven ; for not more Uian 20 years after, in the 16th 
of Richard II. the burgesses again petidoned the King for permission 
to make a second haven, still nearer to Yarmouth, opposite the Harm 
Jinry ; which, by the old trench, appears to have been in a line from 
the north end otGorleeton, or South Tomn, over the Dane9, the place 
wh^re the foot ferry now is. 

This petition was likewise granted them, as appears by the subse* 
quent charter rof that King, which is also in LaUn* 

*' Richard by the grace of God, King o( England and France, and 
** Lord of Ireland, to all to whom these present letters shall come 
<' greeting. Know ye, that whereas Lora John^ formerly King of 




^ England, oar progenitor, by his letters patent, bad granted to tbe 
'^ batiifls and commonalty of our town of Great YarmoiUh, the same 
^* towfi with the haven thereof, to be holden to them and their sac- 
cessors, in fee-farm, paying thence to the same our progenitor and 
his 8UCces9or8 fifty and $ve pounds by the year ; and afterwards, 
'^ beciause the said town was so straitened, by the casting out of the 
*' grarel and soil of tbe sea, that ships and boats could not arrive at 
^ tbe town aforesaid, as formerly they nsed, very many of the com-i 
^' mons of the town aforesaid bad witndrawn their abiding out of the 
^. sacde, whereby tbe same town was on tbe point of destruction. By 
'^ leason of wh^h. Lord Edwaid, formerly King of England^ our 
'^ grandfather, by advice of bis council, considering the loss aforesaid, 
'^grabted to the same bailiffs and commonalty,. for an aid of the 
^ town aforesaid, and the haven of the same, also of tbe great charges 
'^ which, they, in the service of him our grandfather and his heirs, 
'' have sustained, a certain place called Kirkley Road annexed to the 
^ said baven, paying thence to the same our grandfather and his 
^ heirs lOOf. over and above the iafm aforesaid. And so it is that 
^ hitherto from day to day that haven has become so narrow and 
^ mach worse and dangerous than it was formerly, so that ships and 
^' boats cannot have their course and application to the town afore- 
€t Mi^^ 3g ^|jgy i^j^yg j^gjj wont, nay more frequently have been 


danger, whereby many of th^ commons aforesaid have pulled down 
^ and sold their bouses, and withdrawn themselves out of the said 
" town, whence the same town is at the point of ruin. And the 
'^ aforesaid commonalty cannot support, as they sbj, the charges of 
^ omr farm aforesaid, and the repairs of the wail of the same town, 
^ and tbe tenths and fifteenths, when they shall hapjpen, which 
^ amonnt to }0D/. at every grant of a whole tenth and a fifteenth.'' 

*' We the preriiises considering, of our special grace, by the assent 
^ of onr coahcil, hate granted atrd siven ficense, for us and our heirsj 
^ as riiddi as in tis is, to our Gloved liege burgesses and commonalty 
^ of ocrr town aforesaid, that they may make a certain new haven, 

* nefar %ht said town, within their Kberty there, in a certain place 

* exiled the Hah^U-Ferry, conliairiing 100 perchear in length, and 10 
'^perches in breadth, for an aid of tbe same town, ana the whole 
^ cOiilitry adjacent, t6 have to them and their successors for ever, 
'' saving alway to the aforesaid commonalty the old haven and tbe 
*^ ground of the same, with all the liberties and franchises belonging 
^^ to the said haved, as they have bald tb^m before these times. In 
^ Witness whereof we have caused these onr letters to be mi&de pa- 
^ Itints.'' 

^ Witness mytelf at FFestminsfer, the 14th day of Ma^, in tfa6 l6tb 
year of onr reign« 

** By nrit of the privy $eaV* 

Towards defraying the expenses, and to contribute to tbe support^ 
of this new haven, the burgesses obtained a grant of that king, dated 
the following dav, *' to levy and receive, for every last of fresh her- 
" ring to be sold in th^ haven aforesaid, and liberty of the same, of 
'* the sellers of tbe said herring, twelve pence, durifhg five years' innne- 
'' diately following the date of these presents.'' And as a further 
provision for the completion and maintenanee of the haven, the cor- 
poration, in their Orders pour It Nouvelic Uavene, (written la old 


French) commission '' John Ehs, the younger^ Hugh Atte^FcntUf 
'^ John Hughson, and William itue^ our w^ll-beloved fellow burgesses, . 
*' with the assistance of the bailiffs^ to levy and receive jointly and 
" severally of every denison or burgess of the said town, for every 
*' last of herrings that he shall have bought and received of his hosts 
*' in the haven, from the feast of St. Peter, which is called Lammas, 
'^ next before the date of these letters (t. e. Sunday next before the 
<' feast of St. Edmund the King) to the feast of St. Michael the arch- 
'' angel, next following the date (lereof, 40d. and for every last of 
*^ herrings that he shall receive of his hosts, not coming into the 
** haven in the vessel of the same host, and for every last of herrings 
*' that he shall have bought of others, as of his hosts, be it in the 
'< haven, or Kirkley Road, or in Sl Nicholases Road, between the 
^' feasts aforesaid, £oii. and in like mannef to collect, levy, and receive 
<< of every denison or burgess in the said town for every la^t of her* 
'' rings, stones, oir of whatever other merchandize which, h* shall 
'^ have brought for sale, or any other for him, in any place whalev^er,. 
" between the feast of St. Michael, the archangel last past befoce the- 
'* date hereof, till the same feast of St. MichaeTnexi following, i2J.-— 
'^ Giving full power to the said John, Hugh, John and William 
'' jointly and severally to levy all the said sums of all the said bar* 
*' gesses of the said town, to wit, of their lands and chattels, and to 
'' arrest their bodies and commit them to gaol in the said town, in 
«' case they be rebellious, or refuse to pay, or agree it be not done a& 
'^ is aforesaid, &c. 8(,c^ &;c." 

^Notwithstanding this encouragement given to the burgesses, and 
the troubles and expenses they met with in the making this second 
haven, it was not more than sixteen years after, that they found it in 
thie same predicament with tlie former, and navigation was again at 
a stand. In the 10th of Henry IV. therefore, we find the burgesses, 
petitioning a third time, for liberty to make a third haven, near Nem^ 
ton Crass, That King not only granted their request, but, in consi* 
deration of the many and formidable difficulties they had to struggle 
with, very liberally contributed towards the expense of it, out ofhis 
customs at Yarmouth, 100/. per ann. for the space of five successive 
years. But this grant, which was to be paid out of the moneys " \o 
** be received out of the subsidy of S^. for a tun of wine, and of 12d. 
*^ for a pound, in the same port, by the hands of the collectors of the 
'' subsidy aforesaid there, ior the time being,'' met with some diffi- 
culty in the execution. For the treasurers and Barons of the Ex- 
chequer refused to discount with the- collectors the first l64/. paid to 
the buir^esses in the Ifith and 13th of that King, on pretence that 
the suDsidy out of which it was paid, continued no longer than the 
feast of St. Michael in his ilth year. The king, therefore, by his 
letters patents, dated 27th May, in his 15th year, says, <' We, 
'' willing that our grant aforesaid be duly executed, of our special 
^' grace, have granted to the same burgesses the said hundred sixty 
'' and four pounds, paid by the said collectors in form afore&aid, to 
'^ be had, of our gift, in relief of the making of the haven aforesaid." 

This third haven, with increasing trouble and expenses, served the 
burgesses for near a hundred years, when the charges became so in* 
tolerable tfaKat they were obliged to apply to Henry VI. in his 3 1st year, 
for further relief and assistance ; when they obtained a remittance 


of fifty markt, parcel of their fee-farm, for the term of six years^ 
for the aae of the haveo. 

At this time, iodeed, the town appears to be in a decliaiog state. 
The great expenses levied upon the inhabitants, for the sappport of 
the haven, occasioned the loss of a considerable part of the herring 
trade, which had been upon the decline ever since the reign ot ' 
Henry V. t 

To these heavy contribolions was principally owing the emigration 
of many of the inhabitants, who retired to ^ther less expensive 
places ; so that those who remained in the town were so few, and so 
over-hnrthened with poor, that they were exempted, by act of parli- 
ament, in the £4tb, 27t}i, and 31st years of the reign of Henry VI • 
from the common subsidies of government, fifteenths and tenths^ 
which were granted to the king in those years, not being able to raise 

This appears lilcewise to have been the case in the 4th and 8th 
years of Edward IV. theSd, 5th, 7tb, and l£th, of Hemy VII. and in 
the Sd, 5th> 7th, £6th, S2d, and 37 th, of Henry WW. in which latter 
year that king acquitted them of all the fifteenths and tenths which *- 
shoold be eranted to him during his reign. 

Some of these remittances were made by acts of parliament, others 
by letterfrjpatents. 

A King Edward IV. by two differents grants, of ten years each, con- 
imoed Hemy VI's release of 50 marks of their fee nirm, for (wentv 
years, and aaded an exemption of fifteenths and tenths, when granted, 
as above observed. In tne 10th year of his reign also, he granted 
them two thousand marks, with an additional release of their fee- 
farm, of 17/. lOt. lOd. during the spaice of ten years, for the repara- 
tion and support of their haven ; and in his 2^ year, he granted 
them a fiirtner release of the fifty marks, for 20 succeeding years. 

In -the 1st of Richard III. by an act of assembly, it was unani- 
mously agreed, '^ for the c'oe weel and the reparacion of the haven, 
*' that every sbipp shall paie to the same reparacion, for every viage 
'f goyns oute and coroyng into the haven, or comydg in and goyog 
** out IIIU. 

'' lienu That e^ery sbipp goyng for heryng in the fvsh^ng time 
*^ comyng into the haven, for the time of fyshyng, shall paie to the 
^ seid reparacion ons in the fyshyng time IlIU/' 

** Item. That every shipp that shall departe oute of the haven in 
'' fyshiog of any manes fyshyng that be ot the same town, shaU paie 
'^ to the forseid reparacion half a dole, that is to say, half the profvte 
** and advauotage that any fysberman shall have goyng in any fysaer 
^ shipp for the profyte of hymsilff and his nettys for heryng, and 
" lynes for any other fyshes. Purveied alwey that if the owner of 
'* the shipp, or other personne or personnes b^e such heryng as mer- 
U chantes, shall paie to the seid reparacion tor every last of heryng 
^ so bought, lUld. half a last or quarter after the same rate. 

'* Item. All folk that shall doo make any heryng within the town 
** of Yermauth forseid, except the fyshers of heryng that shall be 
.^f ^sbed with the fyshers of the saa^e town that beren the charge of 
^' tbe seid half dolys, shall paie to the forseid reparacion for every 
^' last heryng red and whisht, made raarchaunt within the seid town, 
'' lUU. and for every haU last and quarter of a lust after the same 

TOL.XI. Mm ' * ^ 


'' tmie, Af IB above tf^ecified. Mortover it is ordei&ed bjrthe telcl eo'e 
** coun&eill that zterly in the feste of Seynte John Baptist decollacion, 
<< by the bailiffs and co'es of the town, shall be chosen II men of the 
<< same town, to be collectonrs to gader and le?y the forseid money 
^' and haU'doyls, that to be dispendeddaly upon the said reparacion^ 
** by their advice and ovirsighi, as them seenieth necessary thereos 
'* to do, &c. 8tc/' 

And King Htnty VIL in his first year, granted the burgesses a 
confirmation of the release (if EdwardlV^ for tvrenty years^ the grant 
of that King expiring in the eighteenth of his leign. He i^lso, by 
several letters patent, which were triennially renewal, continued the 
additional abatement of the 17/. 10s. lOd. till the 15lh year of hie 
reiffn, which reduced their payment into the Exchequer to QL ds. 9tL 

In the l?th of Hrnr^ VII. on a petition of the burgesses to the 
King at Richmond, he was pleased to make a further remittance^ in 
their favor, of fifty n>arks, for the term of five years. 

About the Mth of that King, however, all these aids, grants, md 
releases stiil appear to be insufficient for the purposes of pneserving 
'the haven navigable, and the burgesses again petitioned the King 
for leave to cut a fourth haven^ much nearer to the town tban tbe 
former. This being granted, with the remittance of their 50 marks 
for £0 yeafs longer, they did accomplish its preservation^ with their 
own united labour and expenses, for the dO following years ; when 
it became so tiecayed, and the inhabitants so overburtheoed with al- 
most unremitting costs and charges, that they were obliged to become 
petitioners for the fifth time, for permission to make a/^A halfm, in 
or near the place where il is at present. 

This King Htmy again granted^ with a further release of the fifty 
narks fee-farm, for tO years more. And about the 36th year of bu 
reign, on their further complaint, he continued the rdease fiK ten 
years longer, for the support of the haven ; besides acquitting them 
of all the fifteenths and tenths which shcmld be granted to him darii^ 
his reign, as we have before observed. 

This haven, according to Mr. Manzhip, cost the inhabitants 1500L 
sterling, and was executed under the direction of the master of Mef- 
tinghafn college, ** a man lo those days in water works holden very 
*' expert.* 

*' But the stormy wind and sea prevailing, the mouth of that haven 
" also, which had cost great sums of money, was thereby choakcd 
*' and stopped up ; by means whereof they were so impoverished in 
'* their particular estates, that they were utterly unable to eontinae 
*' any longer so unsupportnble a charge." 

In order, therefore, to effect a sixth haven/\\, was aj^eed, in the 9d 
of Edward Vt. (1548) that the money, plate, ornaments, robes, ve«- 
ments, tunicies, albs, amesses, &c. belonging to St NichoIa$*$ chauel 
in Yarmouth^ should be disposed of, in order to contribute to thia 
necessary purpose. These, with the renU of houses belonging to the 
dinrch, the disposal of tbe bells in 'the steeple, voluntary contribu- 
tions of tbe inhabitantts of Yarmouth, those of Norwich, and the re» 
wend fathers of Christ's Church, raised a supply of 1816/. 9f.7<t 
besides some weekly contributions, of which ihejburand twentin 
agreed to pay two shillings, and the eight and forties, one ebiUlDg a 
week each, for the space of 10 weeks following. 

I. «• rf. 


The particolart of the anregate MiQiiy wl^cb aiMuoted lo the 
above 18 16/. 9«« 7iif. are as foTlows : 

Of the coined gold and ulTer, and olber ilUiQ9il9 be- 
longing to St. NicholQ$'$ chiucb . . -» 

Of the plate told • ^ . . 

Of the bell meUl 

Of the copes^ &c. 

Of another parcel of copes, 8cc« * » • 

Of the contributions of the/oiir amd tweniia 

Of ditto ' of the eight and forticM 

Of the bousesi rents, 8lc. of the chantry orcharnel at 
the entrance of St. Nicholas* church-yard 

Of the commons in the four south wards 

Of the coininons in the four north wards 

Of the city of Norwich, as by indentitre dated (he 5tb 
of Juljf 1550, in the 4tb of Edward Vi. appeareth - 

Of the dean and chapter of Norwich 

Of strangers, and goods of the hospital 

78a 8 


»8 19 


71 1 


40 8 


«4 14 

1S8 6 


82 16 


19« 11 


33 18 


SI 8 

ISS 16 




£. 1816 9 7 

This sum was partly collected in 1549, the 3d of Edward VI. the 
same year in which Kctt and his rebel party, made an insurrection 
ID Norfolk. 

Having obtained that King's permission, the burgesses then began 
to cut their sixth haven, over the Deoesj about a quarter of a mile from 
the south gate of the town, the trench of which is still visible, and 
known by the appellation of the old haven. 

Voit the more effectual carrying on this work, King Edward by bi* 
letters patents^ dated the 9Lh of January, in the ^ year of his leign, 
jpeleased to the burgesses, as his father and grandfather bad done, all 
fifteenths and tenths, and gave them, i^ commission to take up carts, 
carriages, labourers, workmen, and all other things necessary foe the 
execution of it. 

The principal director, on this occasion, was one Mr. Thaofpson 
chief eneineer of Dover; who, Mamhip says, was master or eovernor 
of the Alms-house» or God's bouse, in Dover* He was brought hither 
about three years before this, by the duke of Norfolk, by whom, as 
well as by some others of the privy council, he was principally re^ 
commended. He was in high favor with Edward VI. by whom he 
had been well rewarded for his skill and services at the pier at Datm. 
He was very conversant in things of this kind, and had therefore 
been mncb recommended by the porlsmen resorting hither.' 
. Oo the l6th oi January, lM9i after a solemn procession of the 
townameoj and a sermon preached before them, by Sir John Bland^ 
inlqister of St, Nicholas's church, on a sul^ect adapted to the occa* 
sioQ, Hr. Thompson took upon him the charge of the work, which 
was tfa^ begun, and in which were employed a hundred men everj 

Mature had hitherto been the greatest enemy of the town, but now 
the brutal fury of rebelhous ignorance contributed to their distress; for 

tbe work bad not loQg bcea cooiimiedere a j^nttg oi &9tt*s adheientf 


advanced lo the town^ who, finding the inhaUiantf not at all inclined 
to favor their infamous designs, destroyed all the materials proTided 
for the haven^ and in the night villamonsly laid all that had been 
done in ruins. This obliged the workmen to take up arms instead of 
tools, and, with the magistrates, to keep watch and ward, as well to 
defend the town against the rioters without, as to curb their adhe- 
rents within, who, though less numerous, were not less dangerous. 
Hence the work was discontinued for tliat year. 

The next year, however, they pursued it again with resolution and 
vigor ; but though they were prepared with ships and expensive 
engines for casting out the water, the work went on but slowly, the 
water springing up so fast that they could not get clear enough oF it, 
to procure a gofod foundation. 

These extraordinary expenses exhausted their stock before they 
had finished their work, which obliged them to depute Mr. BetUp 
one of their bailiffs, and Mr. fVilHam Harborne, to solicit an aid of 
the city of London ; but it does not appear whether their deputation 
was attended with success. 

Another fatality, to which they chiefly attribute the miscarriage of 
their work, was the loss of their engineer Mr. Thompton, who died 
about this time. 

To supply his place, by an act of assembly, in the 7th of Edward 
^H, one Mr, Candish was sent for, who inspected the work and gave 
directions for its continuance. 

Upon which one hundred dozen baskets, two hundred shovels ud<> 
shod » and one hundred and ten dozen shod, were immediately sent 
for to London, on the 8th otJune, in the same year, two days after 
the death of Edward VI. for the carrying on the work, which was now 
continued with such vigor, that on St. Fettr*t eve, in the next year, 
1554^ it was agreed in common council, that every one of thtfour 
and twenties, (aldermen) should find two men, and every one of the 
eight and forties (common councilmen) should find one man, till the 
haven should run forth into the sea, or else to pay tenpence a day far 
each man; but on the eve of St.Ptfti/ following, on the discussion of 
a motion, at a full assembly, Whether it were better to proceed or not, 
it passed in the negative, and was resolved that the work should cease 
for that year ; that the crane newly built for that purpose, should be 
taken down, and laid up safely till further occasion ; and that the suc- 
ceeding bailifls the next year should proceed in the work, under the 
penalty of 100/. 

Accordingly, in 1553, many workmen were emplpyed, two over- 
seers appointed, a ship was sunk at the mouth of the haven, to stem 
the tide, and after all, the work was rdinquished for that time. The 
next year they began again, and so on for eight succesrive years, from 
the beginning ; when, finding every trial unsucoessfiil, and aboye six 
thousand pounds of their own cash sunk, besides tbeir annual fifty 
marks, and all the fifteenths and tenths released during the life dP 
Queen Mary, they gave it up in despair, having, from oear bought 
experience, justly concluded, that Nature so powerfully opposed then, 
as to render any lasting relief from Art utterly impracticable. 

^ From some extraordmary act of loyalty to this princess, the inhabi- 
tants of Yarmouth were emboldened to solicit a release of their fifty 
aiarks fee-farm/or ever^ as iq;)peats by their petition } and tboo^h she 



did not think proper to grant their request, the extended the term to 
a erealer nnmoer of years than had been done hefore. 

These aids still proved ineffectaaU as their schemes were abortive^ 
so that we find them, agreeable to the advice of skilful workmen, on 
the 17th day of November, 1557, slopping up the haven with furze, 
bound toother in bundles called lybes, '* But yet, says Mr. Man* 
** ship, within fourteen days following, upon a great rage then hap- 
'' pening, the wind, being at west, brought down the back waters out 
^ of the marshes so vehementiv, that it ran over ibe keys into the 

dwelling hodses, insomuch tnat men might row up and down the 

streets, to the no little dainage and heart sorrow of all the inhabi- 
** tants.'' It appears, too, on this occasion, that some ships were 
obliged to be arawn over the Denes with capstans and windlasses, 
others lost their voyages ; labourers and artificers were almost re- 
duced to poverty, for want of employment ; every person wore the 
appearance of distress, and every thing lx>re evident marks of confu- 

In this deplorable situation things remained till the 8th of Januafy, 
in the 2d of Qaeen Elizabeth, when it was agreed to tempt their ^te* 
again, and cut a seventh haven, in the place where it had lieen' thirty 
years before, and where it now is. ' 

This was done at another considerable expense, as appears by a 
memorial, dated 1559> which says, " The inhabitants of the towne of 
'^ 'Create Yermouth, • • • • • right over against the parsonage of Gor^ 
** Usione eastwarde, did cut^a new haven into the sea, and there with 
" greate costes did stoppe uppe the old haven, by reason whereof the 
*^ whole level of the marshes from Yermouth unto Norwich was all 
** over flowen, and keles and boats passed over them. And there 
*' uppon some of the countrie came downe to help to digge the haven, 
** ana yet the charges of this newe cutte and the stoppe, not reckon- 
'^ enge the continuall lal)ours of the inhabitants, which were dailie 
" bestowed aboute the same, nor yet the charge of the countrye, 
^ which wrought two or three days, did amount, as per the perticulus 
" appeareth thereof, the some of 2503/. 2«. Id." 

This seventh haven, however, met with some opposition, with res- 
spect to the place in which it was to be cut ; some t)eing for the old 
haven, by the town, others for the place where it is at present. 
Whereupon a committee of eight persons was appointed, January 8, 
in the 2a of Elizabeth, as abovementioned, <' To go downe to vewe 
'^ and appoynte where the havyne shall be cutte owght at thys tyme, 
'^ and then there to come ageyn to sertefy unto Mr. Balys and the 
'' howse where it shal be cutte and stoppyd." At the same time, 
also, a deputation of four gentlemen was appoicited to wait upon Sir 
Thomas rFode house, " to request Mr. Mayor of Norwich, and his 
*' brethren, and the worshipful of the shire, to have their benevolence 
'^ toward the mending of the haven, &c. 

The above committtee having taken a survey of the place, came to 
an agreement, and made their report, ** That*the most proper place 
'' for constructing or making another haven, would be at or near the 
" place where it nad been in the year 1529, against the east^nd of 
^ the parsonage house of Gorleston" At an assembly, therefore, 
holden the 2d day of March, in the 2d of Elizabeth, it was agreed, 
^ That all the inhabitants of the town, and handicrafts men^ (except 





'^ shypwryghles) be at the haveii, Sunday, Monday and Tefvcsdoy, and 
'' there Co heipe to convey the manure there, and to make the oaveii 
'' dyppe, to the intent yt may by Codes help rune/' In consequeooel 
of tnis order, so anxious were the people to forward so useful an an- 
dertakinu, that there appears to have been near a thousand persons^ 
including women and childreUi employed about the work ;. so that on 
the fourth of March following, the haven seems completed, the 
water had p^issage to the sea, and there \f& ten feet at low water^ to 
the infinite satiiiractlon of Yarmouth SLnd the neighbouring country. 
The next day, March 5th, it was ordered, " Thot the carpenten 
should be employed to make a defence, oxstopx to keep the current 
from running to the southward, in the old channel, where formerly 
it used to run ;" and on the twelfth of th^same month, by aoother 
order, it was to be more strongly fortified ; for the more readj dis- 
patch of which, it was agreed, on Friday next after the AnnunciatioD 
of St. Mart/, " That the rubbish and stones belonging to thechur<^, 
'' commonly called Our Jjody^s church, in South town, on the west- 
'' side of the road leading to Gorleston, should be conveyed to the 
** haven's mouth, for the use of the said stop,'* which was accordingly 
done ; but the expenses proving too great for the inhabitants to bear, 
of themselves, they drew up a petition to the Queen and her Privy 
Council, in order to obtain a commission for the support of the said 
haven. Upon which Mr. Adrian Harrison was sent down to make an 
estimate of the charges of building a new haven, which he calcolated 
would cost 5510/. to be made where it then was, and 4273/. 6s. 8d. 
to be made where it was at first dug. Either of these sums appeared 
too considerable for the privy council, and Mr. Adrian's estimates 
wfere of no eiSect. 

The city of Norwich, on application made by the burgesses, granted 
them 200 marks ; and Sir nilliam fVodehousc sent them an experi- 
enced person from Emden to conduct the work, but nothing appears 
to have been done by him. To their own industry was principally 
owing the temporary successes of their tedious and expensive enter- 

{>rize; and though they did for some time confine the current to the 
imits they had prescribed for it, their want of proper assistance 
sometimes distressed them very much ; so that at a commop assembly, 
on the 121st of April, in the 5lh oi EUzaheth, they vteKe obliged to 
order, ^' That one quarter of the towne shall be' callyd owte by the 
" constables, every day, to go to the haven, &c." notwithstanding 
which, in 15(37, after sinking ^60:U. 9s. Sd. die water broke through 
all their works, and made for its old channel towards Newton Cross. 

In March following they began again to work on the north side of 
the haven, under the direction o{ Joyse Juhison, an experienced 
Dutchman, brought over for that purpost', who, by driving down 

1>iles on either side of the channel, and bracing them together with 
arge planks, kept in the current and lurced it to puj*8ue a north-east 
direction. But having, in the first seven months, expended 56l/> 
6i. Sd. they found themselves no longer able to support the expense; 
and, therefore, on the 8th diij oi Octobir/\n the 9lh of Eiiziibtthf 
the< corporation agreed on the inoat visionary scheme tar raiMng 
money, that ever entered the head ot ndveutiireis ; which was nothing 
less tnan a solicitation of Foitune's lavuur, lu ihe {"irginia state lot^ 
tery, that yeari 15(>7* I^ay, 40 flai»Mt;d vfm Ui« whole to^n with th« 

Y A R M O U T I^ ^ «7I 

MhMet of success, thai they ^ere elevated to the enthusiasni of poetry, 
ifastand a distich was accordingly tacked to the several sQbscriptioos, as 
qoB fed lows; 

"* 'To thefifitm pimndi of the town's money/ 

thai; " Yermooth haven, God send thee spede» 

ed, ; . '' The Lord he knoweth thy great dede.'' 

ate ^ 

iBtr ^ To the fifttem pounds colUcied amongst the four and twenties^ and 

pof eighi and forties. i 

CO u Yf Yermouth i^reat in Fortune's favor be, 

*" " The greteste lott may chanse to fall to me/' 

T To the seventeen pounds ten shillings eoSeeted by the eammom* 

jijc The Gentlemen's Posy. 

" The fyrate, ne second lott I crave, 
'' The thyrde y t ys that I wolde have.** 

The Labiss' Posy. 

A small stocke with good snccesse. 
May shortly growe to good incresse.^' 

Notwithstanding these sanguine hopes, it does not appear that the 
fickle goddess was so mach inclined to favor them, as the maids of 
Melicom, for no prize is recorded with their poetry ; and we find 
them again petitioning Queen Elizabeth, the next year, for further 
assistance; who granted them a license to export eighteen thousand 
qttarters of corn, the profits of which amounted to 1407/* 8s. 2d* 
which being expended, they applied to the privy council, and under 
their sanction collected in Norfolk and Suffolk, in i57S, and 1574, 
the sum of 503/. 9«. 5d. In 1575 they obtained further license *' to 
it bay within our conntve of Norfolk onelye the quantitie of six thow* 
'' sand quarters of maulte and barley, and four thowsand quarters of 
'' wheat, &c. duringe the space of three yercs/' the profit of which 
amounted to 1073/. 9s* 6d. But as they were under some restrictions 
with regard to tlie price of the corn, they were in want of fresh sup* 
plies before the terms of their license were fulfilled ; which obliged 
them again to apply to the privy council, in 1576, who prevailed on 
the city of Lonaon to lend them 1000/. without interest, to be repaid 
at the rate of £00/. a year ; this they received, in the ioth of Elizabeth^ 
and accordingly repaid. The Cinque- Ports also made a small con* 
tfibutioo towards tne haven; and in the 2^ of Elizabeth a third 
exportation license was granted them, of 3(XXX) quarters of corn and 
ttalt, which brought them a further sum of 'i7^0/. 5s. 8d. This prov* 
ing insufficient, the burgesses, in the 2bth of that queen, obtained ft 
fourth license for the exportation of 40000 Quarters of corn and mal^ 
ly which they gained about 2000/. and in her 36th year, on farther 
a|)iplication, she sranted them 1000/. out of her customs at Yarmouth^ 
to be paid in eignt equal annual payments ; besides a release of fifty 
narks of their tee- farm, for tbrj^ years, to commence on the expira* 
tioD of the i^lease granted by Queen Afafy^ and a remittance of all 



the tenths and fifteenths that had been granted her, and which 
then in arrears. 

Abont this time^ also, they obtuned of the privy coancil license to 
export, in foreign bottoms, a quantity of herrings eve;y year, the 

Erofits of which (about 5s. a last) were applied to the repairs of the 
aven. These generally amounted to about 150/. ayear^and was cooti* 
nued to them till l6l i, whetf, on the establishment of a company to 
trade to France, they met with some difficulties and limitations on 
account of this company's exclusive trade thither, which however 
they seem to have soon got over, as they again obtained leave to ex- 
port 600 lasts of herrings, in foreign bottoms, in l6l2, 161S, l6l4, 
and l6l5, notwithstanding the opposition of several English ship- 
owners and merchants. 

In 1614 the town was again infected with the rage of adventuring 
in the Virginia lottery, when they i^mof^o'ii their adventure of twenty 
five pounos with, 

'^ Great Yarmouth haven, now in great distresse, 
'' Expects by lotterye some good successe.^ 

But we are apprehensive their sueeesu did not answer their expeetor 
Hon, nothing to the contrary being upon record. 



resolution, about fifty sail of Yarmouth fishers laid up their vessds in 

I6l6, which occasioned the town once more to renew their petition 

to the council, in l6l7, when they were aeain permitted to export 

600 lasts, as usual, which license was annually renewed till l684.' 

In the 19th of James 1. that King directed his commission to the 
bishop of Norwich and others, to enquire into the state of the haven 
and piers y and in the next year issued his letters patents for a gene- 
ral collection throughout the kingdom, for their support; which how- 
ever, did not raise above 500/. whereupon the king directed his letter 
again to the Bishop of Norwich for further contributions, and to assen 
the adjacent low grounds, marshes, &c. in obedience to which the 
citv of Norwich contributed 100 marks. 

In the same year the king permitted them to export 4000 tons of 
beer, duty ftee, which at 9s. per ion, raised them 1800/. and was 
wholly employed in the reparation of the haven and piers. 

In the 2d oi Charles I. (16£6) a similar patent was grsnted them 
for 1000 tons, which brought them 450/. 

The same year they renewed their solicitations for their herring 
exportation, which at the instance of the Trinity-House, some mer- 
chants and fishmongers of London, and the Turkey Company, was 
refused, except in ^g/tsA bottoms. The next year, however, they 
procured an order, that unless the Turkey Company would purchase 
all their herrings, at a reasonable price, before the last day of OUo^ 
her, they should then be at liberty to sell the oOO lasts to strangers : 
yet they were not to be laden in foreign bottoms before the ISih of 
November,** to the end the English may have the priority of the 
*' market, in places whither Uiey use to carry them/' 

In 1628, and I629, the^ obtained leave to export IOOO]asU,oii die 
same termsy notwithstanding the Trinity«Honse had previooaly pre* 

Y A R M.O U T H. 873 

Tailed on the privj cooncil to issue their orders to the contrary. This 
wa^ occasioned by the Turkey Company's refasing to take the princi- 
pal part of their herrings. The annual licenses were continued to 
1637 f when one was granted for 10. years, on payment of 50/. per ann, 
by which there was an annual saving to the burgesses of 100/« and 
thia was the last aid of the kind ; for at its exipration in 1647» though 
frequent application was made, they could not get the license re- 

In 16S7, four years after the expiration of their fee-farm release, 
the town petitioned King Charles I. for a renewal of it, which was 
granted them for 40 succeeding years. 

Daring the contest between Charles II. and his parliament, the 
town petitioned the parliament (in 1650) for some of the lead upon 
Norwtch cathedral, to build a work-house, and repair the haven ; and 
parchased of them, the same year, the perpetuity of their whole fee* 
farm rent for d06/. I5s. 4d. In 16^6 they petitioned O/iver for money, 
bot he had- too much need of it himseli; to grant them any. They 
therefore sold the town's gunpowder that year, for 100/. and the year 
following sold the island of Cobham for 530/. and the houses and 
lands called the Gray Friars for 2600/. all of which went to the sup« 
port of the haven and piers. 

Iq ]660, the town addressed Kins; Charles^ and made him a formal 
retum of the fee*farm, purchased ofthe parliament, with the arrears 
due ; and the more certainly to ingratiate themselves with the king. 
|hey presented him with 500/. as a mtirk of their loyalty. 

W^ cannot help remarking here, how much the pliant and politic 
disposition of the good people of Yarmouth resembled that of the 
Vicar of Bray. The parliament they address thus ; '' We cannot but 
'* in all humility acknowledge, the great and unspeakable goodness of 
** God, in raising his honourable house to repair the breaches of many 
^ generations, and to recover our almost lost liberties and religion out 
** ofthe hands of thou that studied nothing more, than to enslave both 
*' $ouls and bodies ofthe whole nation : but our God hath broken the 
^* 8Qare,and we are delivered, &c.'' To the king, with a most easyeffron* 
tery, they *^ observe the great mercy of God, not only in preserving 
'* your sacred Majesty in so continued and eminent dangers, but in 
^^ restoring yon to the possession of your rights and dominions, and 
'' us thereby to the enjoyment of our birth-righls, laws, and liberties, 

(so long trampled iq^n by a treasonable usurpation) do accompt it 

our greatest duty to return all possible praise and thanks unto our 
^ jgracions God, be." But to return : 

The charges of making new havens and repairing old' ones, were so 
considerable, that in the space of 64 years (from 1649> to l6id) there 
Appears to have been disbursed 38652/. Ids. 4cf. an enormous sum, tor 
so early a period. 

In l667f notwithstanding the town had sold houses and lands to 
the amoontof 400/. ayear, obtained various supplies from government 
besides private aids, it appears then to have been in debt 9400/. on 
tbis distressing account. At an assembly, therefore, holden on the 4th 
«r July, they appointed a committee ^' To consider of a way to raise 
«< money, for the miuntenance and repair of the haven and piers ;" 
in consequence of which, application was made to parliament, and a 
UUl brought ii^ to provide for their support. This bill met with some 

VOL. xu N n 



274 Y A RM O U T H. 

opposition from the city of Normchf but on the town's prodocing 911 
estimate of the necessary charges for the immediate reparation of 
them, which amounted to lS580/.'and the sub-committee, appointed 
by the committee of the house of commons, finding the allegatioDSof 
the town to be true, they reported the same to the grand committeei 
and recommended the reliet required by the town. This was again 
opposed by the gentlemen concerned, who advised a commissioD of 
eight persons, i. e. two for Norfolk, two for Suffolk, two for Yarmouth, 
and two for iforwich, to enquire upon oath, into the present state of 
the piers and haven^ and the rerenues for their maintenance. The 
house agreed to this, and ordered the commission to be at the charge 
of the corporation, to be fir5t opened at Yarmouth, and then adjoaroed 
and finished ^t the discretion of the commissioners, who were to re- 
turn the commission before the ensuing )Oth of Augmt, 

The parliament being prorogued soon after that time, the bill was 
not reported, though it had already been committed. Whereapon 
the burgesses petitioned the parliament, at their first meeting again, 
for leave to have the bill passed ; which, after various difficulties and 
.much opposition from the city of Norwich, was effected in the begin- 
ning of 1670 ; but not without a private contract, made at its passing 
the house of peers, for Yarmouth to pay to Norwich 50l. per ann. so 
long as the act continued in force. In the latter end of the same 
year^ the commissioners appointed by this act, granted the corpora- 
tion 12000/. for the repairs of the haten and piers, to be raised br 
virtue of ttie said act ; under which the work was conducted with 
expedition and success till 1677, when the town petitioned for a re- 
newal of the act, which then expired. A bill was accordingly brought 
luto the house^ in April, and a committee being appointed, it passed 
into an act, to commence the 25th of March l678> and to coDtinoe 
in force seven years ; but on the expiration of that term, the duties 
raised by the act appearing still insufficient^ the town was aboat to 
petition King Charles II. for his assistance, in 1685, when his death 
put a period to their design. In the first of James II. however, the? 
obtained a third act, to continue in force for 14 years ; but the styte 
of th^ corporation being altered, by royal proclamation, a foorth act 
was made, in the first of William and Mary, principallv to explain so 
much of the former act, as might be controvertible from that alter- 

On the expiration of that act, in 1699, the town made application 
for a fifth act, which was opposed by the city of Norwich on account 
of three years arrears being due to tnem from Yarmouth, of the 50/. 
annuity, secured to them on passing the first act ; but these being paid, 
and further security given by the corporation, this bill again passed 
into, an act, n^hich was to continue for £1 years, so that they were 
secured by parliament now^ for a much longer term than they had 
ever been before. 

The style of the corporation being again altered^ another explana- 
tory act was passed in the first of Queen Anne. 

In the 9tli of George I. a seventh act was passed, to continue fx 
fil years, as the former had done ; and in the 20lh of George II. it 
was only revived, and continued for the term of two years, and to the 
end of the then next session of parliament. 

But in the 2Sd of George U. 17S0, the duties paydble by vittoc of 


Ibat «cl vere^to cease, and a, ninth act was passed, by which othcK 
doties were to be paid in lieu of them. The term of this act was also 
twenty one years. ' 


Having had ocbasion to mention, before the causes of Kirkefy 
RoadCi being united to the port of Yarmouth, we shall here say some- ' 
thing more on that subject. 

In consequence of the charter of King Edward III. in his 46th 
• year^ which we have before mentioned, several people of Lowestoft 
and the neighbourhood, were indicted at Yarmouthy in the following * 
year, for leiiising to pay the customs of that port, for ships lading or 
anladine in Kirkeley Koad, agreeable to the injunctious of the said 
grant. But the I^Qwettqft men, not choosing to trust to the imparti- 
ality of a Yarmouth court, in a Yarmouth cause, brought their wr^t of 
Certiorari, and removed the suit into the court of Onancery, where 
they had the mortification to find the matter determined wholly in 
favor of the burgessess. 

But in the 50th of that king, the commons of England, in the then 
parliament, as well as the people of Lowestoft, petitioned the kins for 
a repeal of the said charter, as contrary to the common profit of .the 
kiiKdom, and it was accordingly, in the same parliament, Entirely re- 

Kxa^ Edwardjiyinf^ soon after this repeal, the biirf|;esses sued out a 
commission of Ad quod dampnum, in tne first of Richard II. dated 
jipril 12th, by virtne of which, an inquisition was taken at Far- 
mouih, on Fridat/ next after St. Faith*s in the 2d of that king; and 
aoother at Lowestoft the day following ; by which it was found, that 
though the uniting of KirkeUu Road to the port of Yarmouth, was to 
the damage of the people q( Lowestoft, yet it was more commodious 
than disct>mraodiou8 to the kins and his people. 

These inquisitH)ns were laid before the parliament, with a survey of 
Yarmouth 9iXiA Lowestoft, taken by the commissioners; upon which 
their former grants were now restored, as well by a private ordinance 
of the parliament, as by a charter of Richard ll. dated the 24th of 
November, \n his 2d year; which so irritated the inhabitants of Lo»es- 
ll/t that upon the proclamation of the chartef there, by the under- 
sheriff of tbecoQnty,(as was thecQ^tom before printing was invented) 
they caused a riot, and woald not sufler him to proceed, threatening 
his life, if he ever dared to come there again on any such business, and 
^* for fear of death, he durst not execute the writ aforesaid. And they 
^ drove him then and there, with a multitude of rioters^ with hue and 
'' cry, out of the town, casting stones at the head» of hn men and 
'^ servants^ to the pernicious example and contempt of the lord the 
^' kine, and against his peace." 

This victory did not continue long to the town without inlerrup- 
tmi ; ibr in 4tbof the aforesaid king, the commons in parliament, at 
the instigation of those of Norfolk and Suffolk, petitioned against the 
charter ; allegiog that a statute had been formerly made, and con- 
firmed in the last parliament at Gloucester, '' that every subject of - 
** the realm. mig^t. buy and sell witbput distarbancci in city, burgh, 


'' sea-port^ and else where, throughout all the kingdom, and if any 
'< charters or patents were granted to the contrary, they should h« 
'' bolden void, notwithstanding which, a charter in the same parlia* 
'^ment had been granted to the people of Yarmouth, that none 
^* should buy or self within seven leucas of the town, be. 8cc/' 1*|>i* 
occasioned a fresh parliamentary enquiry, in which the impartiality 
andWeracitV'of the inquisitions taken in the 1st and 8d oi Richard 
II. were called in question, and an order was ^iven for a new com- 
mission, in which a more rigid observance of justice was expected; 
for the better conducting of which, the burgesses in the mean time 
were commanded, on pam of the house's displeasure, to make no di»- 
turbance, nor offer molestation to those concerned in the execntion 
,of the commission* 

The next year, therefore, on Monday next after St. Matthew the 
Apostle, the said commission was opened in Suffolk^ and held by ad- 
journment, the Thursday after in tforfolk, by the lord chief justice of 
England, and other great commissioners, who surveyed the place, and 
took the depositions of certain knights and gentlemen of the counties 
of Norfolk and Suffolk; which being certified iu chancery, and laid 
before the parliament, an act was made to repeal those new grants 
for ever, not to be granted again ; the charter was recalled and can- 
celled, the causes of so doing being written on it, and so remains in 
the Tower. 

^ The year following King Richard came himself to Yarmouth, and 
viewed the premises, which emboldened the burgesses again to renew 
their petitions for the regranting of their late charter. Accprdingly 
thev once more were favored with a new grant, dated the 20th of 
Feoruary, in bis 8th year, to hold till the meeting of the next parlia* 
ment, which was thf year after, when by an ordinance of the same, 
dated the 8th of December, that grant was annulled, and the repeal 
in the 5lh of that king confirmed; notwithstanding which, the par- 
liament held at Westminster, the veiy next year, in consequence of 
another petition, restored all their former grants, which were con- 
firmed by a charter under the great seal of England ; which having 
never ycft been repealed, remains in full force at this time. 

2'he charter, which is in Latin, runs thus : 

^* Richard by the grace of God, king of Enf^Umd and lord of Ire- 
*^ land to the archbiuiops, bishops, abbots, priors, dukes, eark^ b*- 
'^ rons Justices, sheriffs, provosts, and to all bis bailijBGi and faitbinl 
** subjects greeting. 

" We have seen the charter which Lord Edward^ late Kina; of 
^ England, our father, made to onr burgesses of Yarmouth, in these 
•* words : Edward by the grace of God, King of England, Lord oflre^ 
" land, and Duke of Aquitain, to the bishops, abbots, priars, emrb, 
" btirons, justices, sheriffs, provosts, minieters, and to all hit batiks, and 
^* faithful suHects greeting. We have seen the charter of confirmation 
** which Lord John, of famous memory, late King of Engldttd, out 
"grandfather, made to our burgesses o( Yarmouth, in these words; 
" John, by the grace of God, King of England, Lord of Ireland, Dttkt 
•' of Normandy and Jquitain, and Earl ofAmou, to the archrbiskopi. 


charlere^ coDfirmations, &c. to the 5lh of this King, aie recited at 
large ; bat as we shall have occasion to mentioa the principal of these 
hereafter, they are purposely omitted, the fQllowioff being all that pro- 
perly belongs to this charter, exclusive of the said recitals.} 

** And homr the commonalty of our kingdom of England, by their 
*' petition in onr present Parliament exhibited, among other things 
*' have requested us^ that whereas the said town of Great Yarmouth 
" levies, and supports greater charges, as in payment of the farm of 
'' the town aforesaid, and tenths when by the commons of our kingdom 
it has been granted ; also in fortification and support of the same 
town against the enemies, than any other city or burgh within six 
counties in circuit next adjoining.. And the said town of Great Yar* 
" mouth is become so reduced, impoverished and wasted, and the 
'' people of the same town of Great YarmoiUh have so greatly with-* 
'' drawn themselves from the same town, that the other burgesses and 
'' commons who remain dwelling in the same town of Great Yarmouth 
'* cannot farther conveniently support such charges, unless a remedy 
^* in the present parliament be thence speedily applied. ' We are 
willing graciously ta grant and, restore to those burgesses and eood 
men, the liberties and privileges aforesaid. We, having had fuller 
'' deliberation concerning the premises, with the prelates, dukes, earls, 
barons, and other nobles and great men of our kingdom in our pre* 
sent parliament^ by the assent of the said prelates, dukes, earls, barons, 
and great men, at the petition of the said commonalty, as is afore* 




" said,~and for an hqudred shillings which the said burgesses and 
'* good men, and their heirs, and successors aforesaid, shall every year 
** pay to us and onr heirs, at the term of Easter and St. Michae/, by 
** even portions, for an increase and augmentation of the said annual 
^ farm of fifty and five pounds into our exchequer, have given. and 
** granted, and by this our charter confirmed, for us and our heirs, to 
** the aforesaid burgesses and good men of the said town of Great 
'' Yarmouth, and their heirs, successors, and burgesses of the saine 
'^ town, for an aid, relief, and support of the town aforesaid, the afor^ 
" said place of Kirhky^Road ; and that place to .the town aforesaid^ 
'^ and the port of ihe same, we do annex and unite, to have and io 
hold to the same burgesses and good men, and to their heirs and 
successors, burgesses of the town aforesaid, of us and our heirs, t# 
the said town and ports annexed for ever. Willing and granting 
'* for us and our 'heirs, to the same burgesses and good men, that ihej 
'^ and their heirs and successors aforesaid may for ever have in the 
'^ said place of KirkUyRoad, all and singular the liberties and quit- 
'' tances above written in the charters aforesaid expressed, as they 
** ought to have the same liberties and quittances, in the said town, 
'' by virtue of the charters and confirmation aforesaid ; and of all ships 
'^ and boats whibh shall happen to come to the same place of Kirk' 
'* ley^Road, and there in part or wholly unlade, may have and receive 
'* the same customs, which they, according to the liberties aforesaid^ 
'* of the same ships and boats might have, if they at the said town 
'^ should arrive, and there in part or in the whole, in like manner 
** unlade. We have also granted, for us and our heirs, to the said 
'* burgesses and good men, and for ever confirmed to the same, and to 
" their heirs and successors aforesaid, that no ship nor any boat be 
^'hereafter laden or unladen, &t any town or place upon the sea«coast, 



'^ from tbe mid town of Great YartMuth, within seTtti kocai difttance, 
«^ by any person whomeoever, of herrings^ or of any other merchandiaes, 
<< except the ship or boat, and tbe herrings and other merchandizes, 
'* be the same person's proper goods only and not any others^ bnt al 
'* the said town of Great larmouth, or in the port of the same, or at 
^* tbe place of £tri/ey-lioiirf aforesaid. And also, that in tbe time of 
^ the said fishings and fair of herrings^ no fair be holden, nor any 
** selling or buying, for the sake of merchandizing, be -transacted any 
^* where within the space of seven leucas about the town aforesaid^ 
^ bat only at tiie same town of Great Yarmouthy or in the port of the 
** same town, of herrings or other merchandizes whatever. And we 
^' do strictly prohibit, for us and our heirs, that no one hereafter, 
^ within the space aforesaid, of seven ieucas, any ship br boat other 
^* than his own proper ship or boat, and with his own proper herrings 
^* and other merchandizes, in any place bnl only at the said town of 
** Great Yamumthy or in the port of the same, or at the said place of. 
^ Kirktey-Road, do presume to lade or unlade, or in the time afare- 
^ said hold any fair, or make Imying or sellings on pretence of mer« 
^^ chandizing of herrings, or any other merchandizes, but only at the 
^ said town of Great Yarmonth, or in the port of the same, upon 
** forfeiture of the ships and boats to be so hiden or unladen ; and 
^Vof the herrings or other merchancizes which shall happen to be so 
^^ laden or unladen; or in 8u<^ fairs or else wheref by way of mer- 
** chandizing, to be put to sale, contrary to our said prohibition, to be 
** hereafter applied to the use of us or our heirs, of which said forfei- 
^* tares we do will and grant, for us and our heirs, that the bailifls of 
^ tbe said town of iJreat Yarmouth, who for the time shall be, fi-om 
'^ time to time can and may enquire, and the same into our hand take 
** and safely for our use cause to be kept, and to us and oor heirs 
^ thereof, and of tbe said hundred shillings, over and above the said ' 
^ old farm of fifty and five pounds, at the exchequer aforesaid, yearly, 
^^at the terms ofEasUr and St. Michael shall make answer, according 
^' to the force, form, and effect of the gifts, grants, and confirmations 
^ of our said grandfather and us aforesaid, so to tbe aforesaid burgesses 
** and good men made, tbe repeals and annullings aforesaid notwith- 
*' standing* And we^ of our abundant grace, whatever letters patent 
^ of as and oar said grandfather, made to the town of Lowesiqfi, or 
*' tbe men of the same town, to the contrary of the gifts, grant, and 
^ confirmations aforesaid, by the tenor of these presents, do utterly 
^ repeal. So always that whosoever, as well strangers as all other our 
** liege people, who to the said town of Great Yartnotith, or the port 
'' of the same, shall come to buy or sell herrings there, such herrings, 
" irithin the said town of Great Yarmouth, and port of the same, 
'** during the fair there, may freely and peaceably buy and sell, and 
^ from thence at their pleasure carry, without molestation or impe* 
*' diment whatsoever. Wherefore we do will and firmly command, 
^ for us and oor heirs, that the abovesaid burgesses and good men 
'' of the said town of Great Yarmouth^ may have and hold to them, 
'' and their heirs and successors aforesaid, of us and oor heirs afore- 
" said, the said pla.ce called KirHey-^Road, to the said town' of Grtc^ 
^Yarmouth, aud the port of the same, annexed and united for ever; 
'^ and all and singular the liberties, quittances, and privileges alcove 
written, according to the form and tenor of the donations^ gnmts. 


YARMaUTH. 879 

^ and confirinatkutf aforeaeid for ever* So always thai whoever^ aa 
'' well ttraDgera as all other oar liege people, who to the aforesaid town 
" of Great Yarmouth, or the port of the sainey shall come to buy or 
'' sell herrings there, such herrings within the said town of Great 
'' Yarmouth, and the port of the same, duriog the fair there, may 
'' freely and peaceably buy and sell, and from thence carry, without' 
'' molestation or impediment of any person soever, as is aforesaid* 
'' These being witnesses: the reverend fathers, Williamf Archbithop 
" of Canterbury, primate of all England; R'^.oJ London, fV.'ofWm^ 
*^ Chester, Thomas of Ely, our chancellor, Thomas of Exeter, R. of 
** Salisbury, John of Hereford,onrive^sQTer,^nd Thomas of Cirencester^ 
'' bishops ; Edmsind Duke of Yorkg and Thomas Duke of Gloucester, 
'' oar most dear oncles ; Richard Jrundell, William de Montacute, of 
** Salisbury f Edward de Courtney, of Devonshire, Thomas Mowbray, 
" of Nottingham, Marshal of Ewand, and Henry de Percy, of Nor^ 
thunAerland, &urls ; Nicholas Abbot, of Waltham, Roger de Clifford, 
MesinaJd de Grey, of Ruthyn, Ralph Basset, of Drayton, John de 
'' Cooham, of Kent, John Lovell, Richard Lestrope, John Deoereux, 
** John de Waltham, keeper of our privy seal, John de Montacuie, 
^ steward of oor household, and others : dated by our hand, at Wesi-* 
^ minster, the twenty eighth day of November, in the 10th year" of 
^ oar reign.'' 

Thn formal confirmation of the liberties of Yarmouth, seems to 
have given the decisive blow in this contest ,* for the burgesses after 
this collected their customs in Kirktey-Road as peaceably as lA their 
own haven ; and the Lowestoft people for some years after, farmed 
them of the burgesses. But about the beginning of the reign of Henry 
IV. several cheers and others belonging to larmouth were indicted 
by tte inhabitants of Lowestoft, on some occasion of collecting the 
customs, the suit was carried into chancery, and the difference at last 
settled by that King and his council, in the %d year of hb reign ; after 
which, peace being again restored, the burgesses collected their cas« 
toms there, as asnaly without interruption. 


Prior to the charter granted by King John, we do not find that 
Yarmouth was of importance enough to be engaged in many suits 
abont customs or revenues. It was then in the Xing's hand, as well 
as Lothingland; but, as soon as that charter had invested the bur* 
{lesses wim its numerous privil^es, the town began to rear its head, 
and acquired a more respectable aspect ; their trade and commerce 
wore a more flourishing appearance, and began to assume an impor- 
tance which soon excited the iealousy of their neighbours. jMlla 
Yarmouth, consisting then of nest-town and North-town, must have 
contained many inhabitants 2 and those joined to the people of Gor^ 
leetom, eqnally envious of the good fortune of Great Yarmouth^ and 
apprehensive of its future power and superiority, soon discoverd them- 
selves to be no less formidable rivals than implacable enemies^ and 



accordingly omitted no opportunity of attacking their priyilegesy and 
of endeavouring to turn some of their customs and franchises to their 
own account* We do not^ however, find any material opposition till 
the 112th of Henry HI. where Roger FUzlobert, warden of Lothingland 
manor^ took certain customs in the port of Yarmouth against the ex- 

Jress liberties of the burgesses, which being represented to the King, 
e commissioned Martin de Pateshall and others, to enquire into, and 
ascertain what customs belonged to the burgesses, and what to his 
said manor of Lothingland. Whereupon an inquisition was taken at 
Yarmouth, the same year, upon the oaths of 22 knights and others of 
Norfolk, and 26 of Suffolk, when a verdict was found, that all wares 
ought to be sold and unladen at Great Yarmouth, and that all the 
haven belonged to the burgesses of that town ; bu t that the lesser wares 
and victuals miffht be unladen at Lothingland, on the Yarmouth side, 
at the option of the owners or the importers thereof. 

This aetermination, though much in favour of Yarmouth, did not 
prevent the burgesses from considering themselves as losers in the 
crontest ; since by that, ships might unlade with victuals on the Lo" 
thingland side, and as their chief trade was fishing, they found them- 
selves considerably hurt in an article whence arose their greatest profits* 
In the 40th of that King, therefore, they petitioned for and obtained 
of him a new charter, '< that all merchandizes and wares, as well of 
'* fish as of other commodities, should be sold at Yarmouth, by the 

handsof the importers of them into the haven, whether found in 

ships or without; and that henceforth there be oo brokers in the 
^ aforesaid town of Yarmouth, by whom the buyera and sellers may 
'' be impeded, to the detriment of the'said town.'' 

In the same vear the burgesses obtained of that King a Nonarres^ 
temtur nin, or charter of debtor and creditor, by which it was ordained, 
'^ that they and their heirs, burgesses of the same town, through our 
'^ whole land and dominion, as well by sea as by land, shall have this 
** liberty ; to wit, that they and their goods, in what place soever found 

in our dominion, be not arrested for any debt, whereof they have 

not been sureties, or principal debtors, except it happens the very 
^* debtors be of their commonalty and government, having whereof 
" they may satisfy their debts wholly or m part, and the said burgesses 
'' have in justice made default to the creditors of the same debton, 
^ and of this reasonable evidence shall appear.** 

Besides these contests, the burgesses were sulgect to many others ; 
and in particular, on account of Kmg Henrys ezchaneing the fee^farm 
of Yarmouth and Lothineland, with John ae Baliol of Bernard caati^ 
for certain lands in ChetSire. 

The said John de Balioi dying in 1269, the fee-farm of Yarmouth 
and Lothingland became the possessions of John de Baliol, his son, 
King of the Scots; who, as weU as his father, had for many years 
taken tolls and cubtoms in the port of Yarmouth, contrary to the char* 
ter and injurious to the interest of the burgesses, who had suffered 
these invasions of their rights with impunity, from an apprehension* of 
their inability to contend inth such powerful adversaries. But after 
the said Kingof the &o<< had renounced his homage to Edward I. King 
of England, and in conseouence had forfeited all his Enfflish estates^ 
this fee-farm of Yarmouth and hundred of Lo^Aif^/ofia reverted U> 
the Crown. 





Henpe, in tbe d4ih of the said King Edu^ard, the year in which 
that King gave all Baliots English possession to John de Britainy, 
his nephew, the burgesses thought' this the most eligible time to apPnT 
to that King for an explanation of Henry the Third's charteo which 
they alleged was couched in too vague and obscure terms^ and soli-, 
cited one that might be more explicit, by which their right and title 
to all customs in the port of Yarmouth might be rendered clear and 
iodisputable. This the King, with the advice of his privy council, 
granted, in Trinity term, the same year, notwithstanding all the oppo- 
sition made to it by the inhabitantsof LfV//e Yarmouth ^nd Gorleston; 
by which it was secured to them, ^rthat whatsoever merchandizes and 
^ wares, whether they consist of fishes or other goods whatsoever, which 
" within the port ot the town aforesaid, or to the same town, by land 
" or by sea, on account of negociating the same there, shall happen 

to be brought or carried, <Aii// &e, by the hands of the merchants 

brineiog those merchandizes and wares, and willing to sell there, or 
'* of their servants, freely and Openly exposed to sale at the same town 
*' of Great Yarmouth, and there sola and bought without anyforestaU 
** ling or brokerage, or other impediment whatsoever ; so that no fore- 
^' staller, broker, or other whatsoever, shall meet the merchants with 
'* fishes or other merchandizes, or other saleable goods coming towards 

the said town, by land or water, to buy any thereof, or to make 

forestallings, or brokerages thereof, under Jotjeiture of the commodity 
** bought, whereby the said burgesses or any merchants, bringing 
'' thither such merchandizes and wares, may be in any manner hin- 
'* dered at their bnyings and sellings, to the detriment of the town 
*' aforesaid." 

These privileges, ever since the making of that charter, the bur- 
^sses have enjoyed ; and all ships bringing ^oods to the port of 
Yarmouth, whether they have belonged to the inhabitants ot lAttle 
Yarmouth, or Gorleston, or elsewhere, have by virtue of the said char« 
ter, beep unladen, and their cargoes exposed to sale and sold, in the 
said town of Great Yarmouth. 

Notwithstanding which, there were afterwards freouent controver- 
sies between the burgesses and the inhabitants of Little Yarmouth and 
Gorleston, who on manv occasions continued their claim to, and did 
absolutely take some of those customs exclusively granted to Great 
Yarmouth. Moreover we find ad inquisition taken in the Bth ofEdw. 
11. about the rights otJohn de Baliot, in his hundred at Lothingland, 
and the towns of Litt/e Yarmouth and Gorleston, he having taken for 
every foreign ship \8d. — for every English ship 4d. per annum ;*--for 
every loaded cart or horse ^d. — for every last of herrings, by a foreign 
merchant, 4d. the payage belonging to him was valued -at 4i.— he 
nsed to take attachments of every snip anchoring on the Lothingland 
side, as far as the file of the water. 

Another dispute happened in the igth of the aforesaid King, be- 
tween the burgesses of Yarmouth, and the inhabitants of JJttle Yar- 
mouth and Gorleston, about certain liberties and privile^ granted by 
that King's progenitors, when it was finally determined in favour ot 
Great Yarmouth. But in the 2d of Edward IIL John de Britaimt 
Earl of i2tcAinoiu{,(to whom, we have before observed, King Edwardl. 
gave the hundred of Lothingland) and his tenants of little Yarmouth 
and Gorkstonj presented a [letitibn to that King, claiming half the 

TOXi. XI. O o 


haven of great Yatm<nUh, as being an.arm of the aea, and belonging 
to him and his predecessors, lords of Lothingland ; alleging also, 
*' that he ought to have, and his ancestors to have had, the arriving 
" discharging, and lading of ships, goods and merchandizes, coming 
'* ip and going out of the haven, and also a certain custom, as well 
*' of the said ships, as of the goods and merchandizes so being laden 
** or discharged, together with a fair and market, and a free buying 
•* and selling by the said men and tenants of JAttle Yarmouth and 
*' Gorleston, with aU the merchanU and ships there arriving ; and 
" further, that the said earl and his ancestors> and the said tenanU 
'« and their ancestors have had the continual possession of ihese things 
*' until a charter thereof was made and granted by King Henry HI. 
" unto the aforesaid burgesses and commonalty of Great Yarmouth ; 
" and that the seii charter was not rightly granted, because the king 
'' was not then informed of the damage and hurt that might grow, by 
*' reason of the granting of the said charter." 

To this the burgesses pleaded their charter of the 34th of Edward 
I. which we have before mentioned, and exhibited another record of 
the 19th of Edward IL which is also mentioned above, by which it 
appeared, that a new controversy had arisen between the said bur- 

Susses and the inhabitants or Little Yarmouth and Gorleston, before, 
e lord chancellor, and the king's justices and council, at Norwich, 
because of the men of Little larmouth^ and GorleUon, having hin- 
dered and interrupted the said burgesses in their liberties granted to 
them by the aforesaid charter, and in such questions as were adjudged 
and decreed against them in the exchequer in the 34th of Edward I. 
but particularly on account of forestalling, as well of fish, as of other 
merchandizes coming within the said haven. 

In answer, the men of Uttle Yarmouth and Gorleston alleged, 
that they might lawfully do SHch things by ancient prescription ; that 
the said half hundred (of Lothingland) is ancient domain of the 
crown, and that such things were done by the men of Little Yarmouth 
and Gorleston in the time of Canute and Harold^ and in other kin^' 
days after them, being owners of the said half hundred ; and also m 
the time of Devergule, of Baliol, and of John of Baliol, (king of 
Scots) also owners thereof; with many other reasons, to prove what 
they did to be legal, by prescription and possession, though ib the 
very face of gr«nt after grant, confirmed by difierent kings. The re- 
sult was, therefore, an established decree in favor of the burgesses, 
that they should hold and enjoy the liberties granted to them by their 
^aid charters. 

The burgesses also produced another record of the 34lh of Edward 
I. wherein -that king, by hisletlers patents, appoints five of his justices 
to make a special enquiry into, and determination upon such forestall- 
ments and abrochments made by the men of Little Yarmouth and 
^ Gorleston, to the prejudice and hurt of the aforesaid burgesses, con- 
trary to the tenors of their said charters ; and the said naen of littU 
Yarmouth and Gorleston, being called before the commissioDers and 
having produced their reasons and allegations, the said commis- 
aioners adjusted that the said burgesses should recover their damages, 
against the said men of Little Yarmouth and Gorleston, for the fore- 
^fdlments and abrochments made .as aforesaid. 

To which th« Earl of Rick/mndwA hiswd leoanU made answer^ 


that these things^ if any such were done, were not prejudicial to them. 
bat that they ought to have and. enjoy their ancient liberties and 
customs by prescription used ; upon which the Monday in the second 
week of X^cnt, was fixed on anew for both parties to appear before the 
king and his council ; and the burgesses had further orders to pro* 
duce there, the said three records. 

Accordingly all parties appeared, on that day, before the king and 
bis council at Leicester^ when, afker long pleadings and process, the 
burgesses produced their charters^ together with the aforesaid records, 
under the seal of the exchequer, and prayed a confirmation of their 
charters and liberties as therein set forth. But the said earl and his 
tenants alleged that they were then ready to inform the king of the 
damages and prejudices which have happened, especially to the king, 
since the grant of the said charter ; and solicited that, notwithstanding 
the proceedings and matters of the aforesaid record, they might be 
permitted to set forth their reasons, and allegations for the revoking, 
of the aforesaid charters ; because they had petitioned a2;ainst them 
to the king's parliament, from which their petition had been sent 
hither, for justice to be done. 

The burgesses to this replied, that it was not in the power of the 
earl and his tenants, to cause the king to revoke the said charters and 
liberties, nor coidd they make themselves paries concerned ; and 
therefore they demanded judgment to confirm their said charters 
and liberties, and that they might have justice impartially adminis« 
tered to them. . 

Hereupon the king sent his writ, containing all the circumstances 
*of the controversy between the said parties, to the justices of the 
ling's pleas, commanding them to hear the causes and determihe 
upon them in right and justice; or if any extraordinary difficulty 
should arise, to send the whole process of the said controversy again 
before the king and his council to his parliament. At the same tim€ 
also, the king issued his writ to the barons of the excAiequer, to search 
aractngst the records Uiere, for any thing that could be found to set 
the matter of these controversies in a true light. The said barons, 
therefore, in return, certified to the king, that a record was found by 
which it appeared that the king's commission had been issued to 
Solomon of Rolf, Walter of Hopton, Richard of Boyland, Robert 
Fuhe, Thomas of Suddin^ton, and Walter of Siurthesly, the king's 
justices in Eyre, and that it was presented and found before the said 
commissioners, that Gilbert Foderingay, sometime bailiff of Der>er» 
guld of Ba/iol, did levy certain customs of ships at Little Yarmouth 
and Gorleston wrongfully, and that there ought to be neither fair nor 
market there ; accordingly the said record was laid'before the above* 
said justices of the king's pleas, before whom appeared the aforesaid 
earl and his tenants, as also the burgesses of Great Yarmouth, when 
the said causes were heard, but a final determination was not then put 
to them, on account of certain important matters, which the said 
justices deemed undeterminable at that time. 

In the Easter term following, the king sent another writ from 
Northampton, io the said justices, containing again the whole pro*- 
cesses, and commanding them again to hear and examine them, 
vnd to give judgment therein according to right; by virtue of which 
the Aid justices summoned befdjre ihem, the md parties, and the 


matter was again beard without a determinatioo ; the said jnatice* 
adjouroine it to the Midiummer term, at York, when it was again 
heard and again left undecided. Whereupon the king issued oat 
another writ to the said justices, commanding them to send all the 
whole matters and proceedings in the said controversies^ to be laid 
before the king and his council at Yotk, because the iustices coold 
not determine them ; which being done, a day was fixed on which all 
parties were to appear before the king and his council ; and the kioe 
issued out his proclamation for both parties to remain peaceable tiU 
matters could be legally determined ; which however, bad not the 
desired effect, as will afterwards appear. 

At the day appointed, all parties met, but as another important 
circumstance was then brought to light, the king was forced to issue 
a new writ to adjourn the bearing ofthese causes to SaZts6t/iy, before 
the king and his parliamenty and a day was again fixed for that pur* 
pose* Mew difficulties arising at Salisbury, the king was again oblig* 
ed to adjourn the hearing to the next parliament* 

The next parliament, which was at fVinchetter, in the 4th of king 
Edward III. met with new difficulties, and it was once more adjoamea 
to the ensuing parliament, which was held at fVestminster, the same 
year* Here all parties again appeared, when, amongst other things, 
the burffesses exhibited a certain record under the seal of the exche- 
quer, whereby it appeared, that in the 12th of king Henry III. the 
King issued out his commission to Martin of Pateshall and others, (as 
before mentioned) by which a verdict was given, on the oaths oif 48 
of the principal gentlemen of Norfolk and Sufblk, that the haven did 
wholly belong to the burgesses of GreatYarmouth, and for other mat- 
ters there agitated, did determine in favor of the said burgesses ; to 
this the burgesses added all their charters and other records eranted 
by the different kings, all which tended to confirm the said liberties 
and privileges* 

All these did not appeap conclusive to the earl of Richmond and 
hb tenants, who solicited the king to order another commission, to 
enquire into the use of the said liberties, grants, rights, and privileges, 
in order to come to an investigation of the truth of these matters* 

This the king granted, and assigned the bishop of Winchester, then 
lord chancellor of England, to go to Norwich, and there to make 
enquiry, upon the oaths of the best men of Norfolk and Stjfolk, of 
the use of the said grants, and in whom these rights and privileges 
should be. At the same time, the king directed his writ to the sheriff 
of the said counties, requiring the bodies of 24 of the county of 
Norfolk, and C4 of the county of Suffolk, as well knights, as other 
good and able men, to enauire into the said matters, and to give their 
verdict before the said lora chancellor* This respectable jury being 
summoned, impannelled and sworn, upon hearing of the said matters, 
gave their verdict in favor of the burgesses, against the said earl of 
Richmond w[iA his tenants, the men ot Little Yarmouth ^nA Gorleston, 
as appears by the record, dated 23d of June, in the 5th of Edward III* 

A. new day was then fixed on for the said parties to appear in 
chancery, to hear judgment in the premises, and they^ meeting ac* 
cordingly, the King moved the said parties to put all the said contro- 
versies to be beard and determined, by such as he should appoint; 
which being agreed to^ the King appointed the aforesaid Bisuop of 


Winchesier, lord chancellor oiEnelandf the Lord John Stoneherd^ and 
John of Cambridge, hia justiceBy Kobert of Uff'ord and Oliver of Yf^* 
ham^ and litf//iANfve/, steward of the King's household^ to be arbi- 
trators in the said controversies, and appointed them also to come to 
Yarmouth, to view the premises, whence arose these controversies, 
and to settle peace and good understanding between the said parties,' 
Accordingly the; came down, viewed the places, and beard tne said 
causes and controversies, with the charters, records, and allegations 
of both parties ; the result of which was, a final order and decree in 
behalf of the burgesses of Great Yarmouth, agreeable to their ancient 
grants and charters ; which decree being certified to the King, he 
immediately granted the said burgesses a new charter, in full confirm* 
ation of their former rights and privileges ; which is as foUoivs; 
*^ Edward, by the grace of God, King of Erut land. Lord of Ireland, 
and Duke of AcquUain, to all unto whom the present letters shall, 
come, greeting. Know ye, that whereas Lord Edward, of famous 
'' memory, late King, our grandfather, by his charter, which Lord 
«< Edward, late King of England, our father, by his charter, and like- 
<' wise we, by our charter, have confirmed to our burgesses of onr 
'' town of Great Yarmouth, that all merchandizes and wares, whatso- 
** ever they be, either of fish, or of other things whatsoever, which 
'' within our haven of our said town of Great Yarmouth, shall hap* 
" pen to be brought or carried in ships or boats, or other manner, 
^ that the same may be there negocialed, shall be lawfully and 
'' openly, at the same town of Great Yarmouth, and* not elsewhere 
^ within the haven aforesaid, exposed to ?ale b^ the hands of the 
** persons bringing or carrying those merchandizes and wares, and 
'' willing to sell them there, or by the hands of their servants, and 
^' there shall be freely sold and bought to whomsoever they will, 
** without any forestalling, abrocbment, or other impediment whatso* 
'* ever ; so that no forestaller, broker, or other whosoever, shall meet 
" the merchants with fish, or other merchandizes, and goods saleable, 
** coming towards our aforesaid town, to boy any thereof, or to make 
** forestallings or abrochments thereof, in or without the said town, 
'' under forfeiture of the thing bought, whereby the said burgesses, 
'' or any merchants bringing thither such merchandizes and wares, 
** shall be in any wise obstructed in their buyings and sellings, to be 
^< transacted in onr said town of Great Yarmouth, to the detriment 
** of the said town, as is more fully contained in our charter afore- 
*' said. 

'' And a plea has been exhibited in diverse courts of ours, as well 
'' parliaments as other, between John de Bretagne, Earl of Richmond, 
** and the men. and his tenants of the towns of Little Yarmouth and 
** Gorleston, of the one part, and the commonalty of the said town- 
*' of Great Yarmouth, on the other, by reason of certain impediments 
'* made by the aforesaid burgesses, under pretence of the charter of 
** our said grandfather, as was alleged to the same men and tenants 
** of the towns of little Yarmouth and GorleUon, about taking the 
^' profits of lading and unladine of ships, willing to come to the same 
^ towns of Little Yarmouth ana Gorleston, and about selling and buy- 
^ ing of commodities set to sale there ; that in that plea between the 
<< same parties, it has been considered by us and onr council, that the 
** same Earl and bis heirs, also the men and tenants of the said towns 



'' of Liitle Yarmouth and Gorleston, their heirs and successors^ may 
*' ]ade and ufilade their own proper ships, with things and merchan* 
^ dizes laden in the same ships^ either of herring, or of other fishes^ 
'' things and merchandizes whatsoever^ at the same towns of LUiU 
** Yarmouth and Gorleston, and put to sale their own good.^ and mer« 
'' chandizes there, and otherwise make their own advantage thereof, 
** at their free will, paying thence there to them whom we or oar 
'' heirs shall depute to this office, the custoips due and usual : a cer- 
'Main submission of some men and tenants of the said towns of 
** Little Yarmouth and Gorleston, and also of some burgesses of the 
** said town of Great Yarmouth, to some of our council deputed fi» 
<' nally to determine the said business, between the aforesaid parties; 
*' also a certain ordinance made thereupon by those of the same 
'* council between the same parties, or tne aforesaid charter of our 
'' grandfather himself notwithstanding. In such manner, neverthe- 
^'less, that their ships, with their wool, hides, and wooi*felts, of which 
^ great customs ought to be given, shall be laden in the same port, in 
^' the place where our trone and our seal, which is called the cockit, 
'' are, and no where else. And that it was our will, and the intention, 
'< of us and our council, that the said charter of our said grandfather, 
** made to the aforesaid burgesses of the town of Great Yarmouth, as 
** is aforesaid, be in no wise restricted by this consideration in respect 
'^ to others, but that it have its place and effect in all things, and 
" towards all, both natives and aliens, except the same Earl, the men 
'^ and tenants of the said towns of Uttle Yarmouth and Go9'ieston, 
*^ their heir^ and successors, in form abovesaid ; saving the right of 
'' the citizens of London, Norwich, the Barons of the Cinque^orts, 
^' and of others whomsoever, if that they have any thing by charters 

of a former date to the charter of our Qaid grandfather, or ib other 

manner, in this behalf. And that it was decreed and inhibited by 
** us and our said council, to the aforenamed Earl, the men and te- 
*' nants of^the said towns of Little Yarmouth and Gorleston, that 
'< they attract not, in what manner soever, the ships of others to 
** the same towns of Little Yarmouth and Gorleston, under our grie- 
^' vous forfeiture, nor exercise any merchandizes in the water of the 
** port aforesaid, with any persons by the aforesaid charter of our 
'< said grandfather restrained, nor cause any impediment whereby 
<' the same burgesses cannot use and exercise the said charter of him 
'' our grandfather towards others, as is aforesaid, in all its articles, 
'' according to the force and efficacy of the same. And that it was 
*' ordered and inhibited, as well to the aforenamed commonalty, as to 
** the aforenamed men and tenants of Little Yarmouth and Gorleston, 
*^ not to presume to attempt anything contrary to the said cousidera- 
'' tion and aforesaid inhibition, under the forfeiture abovesaid, as in the 
'* record and process thence had, and in our chancery remaining, it 
" is more fully contained. We, lest the premises, which, for the 
^* tranquillity and quiet of the parties aforesaid, and maintaining jus* 
'' tice, have been so considered by us, and our aforenamed council, 

in times to come, should be called in doubt, have thought proper 

to testify them by the tenor of these precepts. 

** In witness whereof, we have caused these our letters to be made ' 
*' patent. Witness My^self at Woodstock, the 10th, day of July, in 
' the 6th y^ar of our reign.*' 



Y A R M O U T H. 287 

It was with much propriety this charter recommended^ and endea- 
Toared to enforce, tranquillity and quiet ; for the inhabilantsof Lt<//e 
Yarmouth and, Gor lesion i in defiance of the King's proclamation, 
and other means used to restrain them, were guilty of the most 
daring insults to the burgesses of Gr€at Yarmouth, raised mobs^ and 
Gommitted riot after riot; the consequence of which was, not only a 
deprivation of the rights and properties of the burgesses, but life 
itself, as appears by authentic records; and though they did find 
means to escape justice, for several years, the greatest part of them 
were at last taken ,* some of whom were tried for murther, some com- 
mitted to the Marshahea prison, and some were submitted to the 
King's determination. 

In the 3d of Edward III. sijc men of Garleston were tried for taking 
away by force herrings, and other goods, to the amount of 20/* the 
property of Richafd Kose, of Great Yarmouth ; and the next year, the 
said Richard Rose again prosecuted five other men of GorUston, for 
carrying away his vessel, by force and arms, value 10/. 

In the same year, also, ntnry Randolph impleaded 14 men of 6or« 
kston, for taking away SOL of his cash, and beating, wounding, 
imprisoning, and otherwise cruelly treating, John Whynhowe, his 
servant, so that he was defprived of his services for a long time. 

In the 5th of tliat king, amongst other cases, John Elys impleaded 
II men of Gorleston, for a similar offence. And in the same year, 
many men of Little Yarmouth and Gorleston were judged, for mur- 
dering a man, in one of these riotous conflicts. 

However, by the above charter, the rights of the burgesses being 
more clearly determined, and more solemnly raitfied, these ^daring 
assaults and contests in proportion subsided. And in that king'is 7th 
year, he granted the burgesses an aid towards the payment of their 
fee-farm rent, by another charter, in which several liberties and privi- 
leges are confirmed to them and their successors, especially that they 
''ftbali ever have in their town aforesaid, ihetronage, and shall receive 
** and have the profits thence arising, towards payment of their farm 
«' of the town atbresaid ; • * • ♦ and that they shall be for ever quit 
" of toll, anchorage, pannage, passage, picase, murage, kayage, car- 
** riage, and rivage, through our whole kingdom and dominion, 8cc/' 
Thus matterscontinued, without any material interruption, till the 
l£th of Queen £/tza&eM, when the Earl of iiicAmo;}(;7, and his tenants 
of South'Tortn, or Little Yarmouth^ raised a contest about the ground 
on the south side of the haven's mouth. 

In the ISth of that Queen, by an order of Assembly, certain per- 
sons were appointed '^ To take all such horses as shall be ferried over 
** at Gorleston, upon Yarmouth common, and impound the same 
** horses ; and to cause the owners thereof to replevy the same." This 
was in consequence of some disputes about the ferries, the bridge 
being then rebuilding. 

Other ^iflerences arising from these,^the whole matters in dispute 
were referred to the arbitration of Sir Christopher Hei/don ana Sir 
Wm^ Butts, as appears by the folk>wiog record : 

In camera stelluta^ coram dom* regina, ^c. i. e. '^In the Star-Cham- 
^^ ber, before oar Lady the Queen and her cpuncil ther6, on Friday 
^' the 1st day oi February, in the 14tb yev of the reign of our Lady 
^' Q»mx Elizabeth. 


*' This day being appointed for the hearinff of the matters of riot 
** betwixt the inhabitants of the towns of larmouih and GorUsion, 
** there was information given, before the conrt should enter to the 
^ hearing thereof, of the whole state of the causes on both sides^ and 
" the occasions shewed whereupon the riots ^w ; and so an hamUe 
'' request was made to this honorable court, in respect of those great 
'' and good considerations which thus were shewn, that the hearing 
^* of these causes might be spared, and that it might please the coart 
'' rather toi authorise some of worship beneath in the country, for 
** quietness sake, and for the avoiding of further ezpences^ to have 
" tne hearing of all causes in controversy betwixt them^ and so to 
^* make a final end of the same. 

'' The court being well advised of this information and request, 
'' and having regard to the special points thereof, which appeared 
'^ very reasonable, together with the conformity of the parties on 
'' either side, allowed together of the same, and so. ordered by consent 
^' of both sides, that all causes now in question betwixt them be com- 
'< promitted to Sir Henry Heydon and Sir William Buttt, knights, 
^' whom this court doth earnestly require, calling the parses before 
" them, at their convenient leisure, to take some pains hereip, and to 
*^ use all such good ways and means as they can, to make a perfect 
** end and agreement betwixt them, so as either side may not here- 
^' afler any more molest and trouble other their doings; whereas this 
*^ honorable court will well like and allow of. But if this be not done 

by the second sitting of the next term, whereof this court would not 

willingljr hear, then the court meaneth that very day to proceed to 
** the hearing of the causes depending here, as they ndw intended ; 
** upon which day the narties on both sides are then to give their 
'' attendance, as the order is*'^ 


The Order and Decree, made and $et down by commission from tke 
lords and others of her Majestjfs council, directed out of the Star» 
Chamber, upon sundry controversies moved between the bailiffs, bur* 
gesses, and commonatty of the town of Great Yarmouth, on the one 
part, and Sir Henry Jerningham, Knight, and his tenants and men 
of Gorleston, of the other part, exemplified under her Majesties broad 
seal, as follows : 

*' Elizabeth, by the grace of God, of England and Ireland, Queen, 
'^ Defender of the faith^ 8cc. to all unto wnom these present letters 
** shall come, greeting. We have perused a certain writ of certiorari 
** of ours, together with the return upon the said writ made unto our 
^ well beloved and trusty Thomas Marsh, Esq. clerk of our council in 
" our Star-Chamber, directed, and in files of our Chancery remaining 
*' of. record, in these words: Elizabeth, by the Grace of God, Queen 
" of England, France, and Ireland, Defender of the faith, 4c- to her 
** well beloved and trusty Thomas Marsh, Esq. clerk of our council in 
" the star chamber, greeting. We willing^ for certain causes to be certi' 
**fied of, and upon a certain order and decree by us and our council, in 
•* our court of Star-Chamber aforesaid, the 7 th day of May, in the 14rt 
^ year of our reig^, made to record or register a cettain arbitremeni, 
^ or final determination, by Sir Christopher Heydonj^ Kn^ht, and Sir 



^ Wm. Butts, Kn^ht, made the iGth day of April in the lith year of 
'' our reign, of, for, and concerning certain $uit$, quarrels, and contro^ 
*^ Persies, between the inhabitants 0/ the town of Great Yarmouth, and 
'' the inhabitants of the town ofGorleston, by virtue of our commission 
^' unto the said Sir Christopher and William, to hear, andfinaUy de- 
** termne the causes, quarrels, and controversies, between the parties 
^ qfosesaid being directed. Jnd we, willing to be certified of and upon 
** the tenor of the same arbitrement, orfinalorder or determination, 6y 
" the aforesaid Sir Christopher and Sir William, made and set down 
by virtue of our commissionraforesaid to them, as is aforesaid directed; 
which order or decree, before us and our council in our court aforesaid, 
together with the arbitrement and final order and determination afore-- 
saul, do remain of record, and be registered as aforesaid, do command, 
that the tenors of the order or decree, and also of the arbitrement and 
^* final order and determination aforesaid, unto us into our chancery, 
** under our seal, distinctly and openly you do send, together with this 
** our writ. Witness ourself at nestminster, the l^tk day of May, in 
*' the I4thyear of our reign.** 

** The execution of this writ doth appear in a certain schedule unto 
^ the same annexed. MARS H.'' 

" We have abo seen and perased the certification of- the aforesaid 
/' Thomas Marsh, and also the aforesaid order or decree, by as and 
^' bj our council, in the court of Star-^Chamber aforesaid,, ti> record 
«' or register the aforesaid arbitrement, or final order and dietermina- 
^' tion, oy the aforesaid Sir Christopher Heydon and Sir WiUiam Butts, . 
*' Knights, by virtue of our commission aforesaid to them directed, 
" made, and unto us into our Chancery aforesaid, b^ virtue of our 
*^ writ aforesaid, sent, and in the files of our Chancery likewise remain- 
'' ing of record, in these words : By virtue of tht writ of our sovereign 
'* Itody, the Queen^s Majesty, 0/^ Certiorari, unto we Thomas Marsh,. 
**from your majesty's coufunl of your Highnesses Star-Chamber, direct'- 
^ ed: I the said Thomas Marsh do certify unto your Majfsty^s honor^ 
^able court of Chancery, that in searching the rolls and records of the 
'^ aforesaid court of Star Chamber ; amongst other things there, 1 found . 
^ the tenor of a certain order or decree, by your Majesty and mur couw 
*' cil, in your said court of Star-Chamber, the 1th day of may, in the 
*' I4thyear of your Majesty's reign, made to record and register a cer^ 
** tain arbitrement, or final order and determination of Sir Christ, 
" Heydon and Sir Wm. Butts, Knights, the l6th day of April in the 
^' 14/ A year of your Majesty's reign^ of, for, and ameer nif^ suits, 
** quarrels, and controversies, between the inhabitants of the town of 
** Great Yarmouth, and the inhabitants of the town ojGorlestoA, by 
^ virtue of your Majesty s commission unto the said Sir Christopher and < 
'^ Sir William directed, to hear, and finally determine the causes,quar^ 
** rels, and controversies aforesaid, between the said parties being made : 
" And also the tenor of the same arbitrement, or final order and deter* 
" mination, by the^aforesaid Sir Christopher and Sir WiUiam, by virtue 
of your Highnesses commission aforesaid, to them directed, made, and 
** ordered, the which tenors aforesaid, with all and singular the thinjgs 
'< touching or concerning the same, as 1 am commanded, together with 
**your majtsty^s u>rit ©/"Certiorari, to those precincts being annexed, 
** into your Majesty* s court of Chancery aforesaid, in obedient manner. 
^ I do send, in manner and form hereafter foUawing ; that is to say i 

▼OL. XI. , P p 




<' Whereon, tipon humble requeU made unto tku honoffhh coiuH^ the- 
'' \$t day of February la$t, the Quteu*s Majesiy^s commission was directed 
'< unto Sir Christopher -Hey don and Sir nilliam ButU, Knights, 
*' whertby they were authorized to hear^ and to, end all matters thenim 
'* controversy betwixt the inhabitants of the towns of Yannouth and 
^' GorJeston, thit day the court was informed^ that the said commissionere 
'* had done accordingly^ by the mutual consents of both sides ^ and the 
" end and award which they had so made, was therewith shewed forth 
'' in WfitinSf under their hands and seals, which award, for that it might 
^ bear the better credit at all times hereof tery humble request was also 
*' made, to hare entered and registered of record here ; unto which 
^* request, as unto a thing seeming very reasonable the court then imme' 
" diately consented, and ordered that it should so be, the tenor whereof 
*^followeth in these words ; that is to say, Whereas lately a contrtyoenii 
'^''was depending in the high court ofStar^Chamber, between diverse of 
^* the inhabitants of Great Yarmouth, and diverse of the inhabitants of 
" Gorleston, upon several riots growing upon diverse liberties^and pre^ 
'' heminences challenged and claimed bu tlie corporation of the said town 
** of Great Yarmouth, as well as touching or concerninfc the free fair 
** holdtn at Great Yarmouth aforesaid, as also touching a parcel of 
" waste ground lying next to the town of Gorleston, and some time frc- 
tween the old course of the haven, leading under the great sea^bank 
of Gorleston and the main sea, which waste ground is now, 6y reason 
^* that the haven hath a shorter neck or passage into the sea, left betweem 
** the main sea and the said great bank, and directly south from the 
'^ place where now the haven entereth into the main sea, made at the 
'' great costs and charges of the said town of Great Yarmouth. And 
**jor that Sir Henry Jernegan, Knight, is the owner not only of the 
'' said town of Gorleston, but also of the greatest part of Lothingl^ndp 
within which the said town of Gorleston is standing, the said contro^ 
versies on the behalf of Gorleston, do chiefly concern the inheritance 
'* of the said Sir Henry. All which controversies being considered by 
^' the said high court, were, as it thought fit, upon some indifferent view 
^* to be made of the places of the controversies, together with the sight of 
^* the evidences, and charters, and writings on each part, and upon hear-" 
'' tV/g of the nlitnesses, at the places in controversy, to be decided and 
" ended. And thereupon the said court of the Star-Chamber, have made 
** choice of us. Sir Christopher Heydon and Sir William Butts, Knights, 
'* being both inhabitants within the county of Norfolk, wherein the said 
*' town of Great Yarmouth standeth, to take the charge of this business 
** upon us ; and accordingly have authorized us, by virtue oj the QMeen's 
'' mqjesty^s honorable commission, bearing date theWth day of February, 
*' in this present iAthyear of her highnesses reign, at a day certain, per* 
** sonally to be at the said places of controversy, giving notice of the day 
" and time to all and singular the said parties, and then and there, by 
" all ways and means convenient to travel, to the best of our vower, to 
** compound not only the said controversies before remembered in part, 
*' but all other depending between the said parties. J5v virtue whereof, 
*« we, the said Sir Christ. Heydon and Sir William Butts, the 9th day 
.*• of April last past, did meet at Great Yqrmouth aforesaid, where and 
" when, as well the said Sir Henry Jernegam, in proper person, as also 
* the bailiffs and commonalty of the said town of Great Yarmouth, to* 
^ gether i»ith the chiefest of the said town of Gorleston, with their coumeil 











^ UatfUdon each pari, and at many witnessei as they thought meet, on 
^ dther side, came before ui, where, as well by view of the pluce$ need-' 
^full, as also by examination of their ioitnessa, on ooth parties, and 
^ ^ght of their ancient charters, evidences, and writings, with long de- 
bate with their learned council, we spent two whole dat/s, and in the 
end, we, by (he free an^ willing consent of every ofihe said parties, . 
arbitrated, ana determined, all their controversies then offerea before 
us, according to the plain intent hereafter in certain articles set down 9 
and hereafter written, wherein, if, any ambiguity or doubt shall here* 
after arise, durjng our lives, or the longer liver of us, the said parties 
are well contented and pleased, that we, or the survivor of us, shall 
*^ have the construction and explanation theneof; whereunto the said 
** parties, for their heirs and successors, have promised perpetually to 
** abide and obey. 

*' Imprimis, We the said Sir Christopher Heydon. and Sir William 
** Butts, agreed to have certain stakes or dooles set, vrhich we did see 
^ set accordingly^ in the place in controversy, nigh the haven of Great 
'' Yarmouth, as it now isj and ordered, from bencefbrthi that the soath 
# '' part thereof shall be to Sir Henry Jemegam, Knight, and to his 
^ heirs for ever ; and the north part untothe town of Great Yarmouth 
** in perpetuity. Provided always, that if the haven shall win, or run 
** in its Tormer passage^ and leave the aame waste soil between the 
'' haven and the sea^ then this article to bind no longer any of the 
'* parties. 

'' Item, That Gorleston, and the inhabitants thereof, by whatsoever 
^ Dame they are, and shall be called, whensoever they fish, shall and 
'* may as lawfully sell and discharge their fish, out of their own bot* 
'' toms, at their pleasure^ and where they will^ as heretofore they have 
** used, so as their order extend not to any stranger not inhaBiting 

'' Item^ That whensoever there shall happen any boat to be fastened 
'^ on Gorleston side, so that the same do not float to the nuisance of 
^' the haven, or else drawn npon land on that side, that no bailiff or 
'' other officer of Yarmouth, shall from henceforth any ways arrest, 
^ attach, or take the same boat, during the time that the same remain 
'^ so fastened or drawn up. Provided that this article, or an^ part 
^ thereof, shall notextena to the imburring of the admiral-jurisdiction, 
^ or any parcel of the same. 

^ Item, That all manner of suits now depending between the town 
^ of Great Yarmouth and Sir Henry Jemegam, or between the sama 
'' town and the town of Gorksion, shall cease utterly. 

*' Jifem, That during such time as the bridge, called Yarmouth bridge ,, 
*' shaU happen to be in decay, whereby it shall be needful to use fer- 
^ riage for people over the water, that tbcn^ and so long unhl the 
** bridge be renewed, it shall be lawful for Sir Henry Jemegam, and 
^ his heirs, to use and take the profit of the ferriage for all persons 
^ coming towarda Yarmouth, and likewise the town of Great Yar* 
*^ moitih to have like commodity of ferriage for all that shall pass over 


fidft YARMOUT^H. 

^' the water at Yarmouth. And that for the waot of boatt« on either 
^' partf the one to supply, in the want or absence of the otbei^^ on 
*' either side. 

'' Itenif Sir ffetiry^ and his heirs, shall enjoy theirybo/^rry over 
'' gainst Gorleston/fot ever, as hath been used, and now is. [N, JB. 
This has continued to the present time*] 

** Item, Ai our request, Sir Henry is agreed that the town of Tar» 
** mouth shall from henoefortb maintain their gate at the foot of the 
** bridge^ as is also now. 


'' Item, We further require at the hands of the township of Yar^ 
^ mouth, in the time of the fishing, or sea-fare, to demean all stran- 
'' gers and their boats, with such reasonable consideration and curtesy, 
'' as neither they, nor yet the country that require to be served, shall 
'' have any further just cause to complain. 

If any question, shall hereafter arise, touching any articles or 
things contained in this our order, that, then, and so often we, 
during our lives, shall have the construction, thereof, because the 
" meaning of our own 4>rder is to us best known. 

X. ^ • 

^' Also the inhabitants of Yarmouth desire that this our order shall 
*' not be expounded to forbid them freely, and without impeachment, 
** to take their own boats and vessels, which hereafter shalF happen, 
*' by rage of weather and tides, to be driven on land on the other side 
^* of the haven, which request we think meet to be ordered, accords 
** ing to their motion, as heretofore it hath been used. 


** Item, it is ordered that the inhabitants of Yarmouth, shall put 
" no cattle upon the ground now doled out, unless it be severed and 
^ made fenceable; neither shall they interrupt the cattle of Sir 
*' Henry, or of his tenants^ coming therei^wn, nefore severance and 
** fence be made. 


** Item, that all the tenants of Sir Henry and his heirs, in Lothimf^* 
** land, shall be free from all charge to the town of Yarmouth, if theu 
** boats or vessels happen to ground within the hiaven, and within the 
*^ lands doled, and set out for the town of Great Yarmouth; and like- 
** wise all Yarmouth boats and vessels to be as free, if they happen to 
" ground without the liberties of the town and without the ground 
*' doled for them, between the town and Newton^Cross. 

** In witness whereof, we, the said Sir Christopher Heydon, and Sir 
" William Butts, have hereunto set our hands and seals, the l6thdayof 
^ the said month of April, in the said l^thyear (fthe reign of our 
** sovereign Lady Elizabeth, by the grace of Uod, rfEnglatul, Eranec^ 
♦' and Ireland, defender of the faith, S^c. Queen.^' 

*' We, therefore, the tenors of all and singular the premises, ia 
'' form aforesaid expressed and specified, at the reqnest of the bai- 
^* liffs and commonalty of the town o{ Great Yarmouth, have thovight 


^'good to eanse to be exemplified by these preaenkfl. In witneat 
** whereof, these our letters we have caused to be made patent. Wit^ 
^< ness ourself at FF'estmimter, the 19th day of May, in the I4th year 
*' of our reign/' 

Thus this controversy, which might have been carried through all 
the tedious processes of their disputes with the £arl oi Richmond and 
his tenants, was judiciously referred to two worthy knights, whose 
award, in a few plain articles, was more conclusive and satisfactory to 
both parties, than perhaps all the determinations of all the courts of 
justice they might have appealed to. 

Notwithstanding this, about 6 years after, in the 21st of J^lizabeth, 
when that Queen was at Norwich, upon a tour, an old dispute having 
been revived concerning the sale of' fish and other merchandizes at 
the town of Gorleston,"- the burgesses obtained a letter addressed to 
the sheriff and justices of Suffolk, from her Majesty's privy council, 
some of whom had viewed the premises, forbidding '' sach fair, mar* 
'^ ket, buying, selling, &c/* Upon which the men of Gorleston, 
Lowestoft, Mborough, &c. petitioned for a repeal of that prohibitiop, 
which occasioned the burgesses again to produce their charters, 8cc* 
in their justification : and a decree was made by the lords of the privy 
•council, '^ that the saide towne of Create Yermouthe, and the bailiffs, 
'' burgesses, and cominaltye thereof, shall stande possessed of, and 
^' quietlie holde, and enjoye the said libertye by them cleymed. Sec*** 
dated the 94th of February, in the 21st of Elizabeth, 1578. 

In 1616 the bailiffs petitioned for an extension of their privileges 
to the west side of the haven, but we do not meet with any instance 
of their power there, till the 20th of Charles 11. when South^TowB 
was incorporated with Great Yarmouthm This was in consequence 
^f a bill brought into the boose of commons by Sir Robert Jratton, 
Knight^ on behalf of himself and the men of South'Town, or little 
Yarmouth, in the l6th of that King, but from the opposition of 
Great Yarmouth, the incorporation act did not lake place till the 20th 
4>f that King, when the burgesses thought proper to make a virtue of. 
necessity, as the bill had been already passed three years, and settled 
the terms of their incorporation, with Sir Robert Faeton, when the 
two towns were accordingly incorporated. And in the d6th of that 
•King a new charter, confirming the said incorporation, with an addi- 
tion of privilege, was granted to Great Yarmouth; which being fur- 
ther strengthened by a charter afterwards from Queen Anne, the said 
town remains incorporated to this day. 

But this anion, had Sir Robert's scheme succeeded^ would ha^ 
j>roved the heaviest stroke the town ever received from any competi- 
tor ; for as soon as Idttle Yarmouth, or South'Town, was entitled to 
the same privileges witH Great Yarmouth, Sir Robert had printed 
proposals dispersed through the 'kingdom, for building a new town 
on the west side of the haven, and had caused* maps and plans of the 
intended town to be made, with models of the houses intended to be 
built. In these proposals. Sir Robert expatiated largely on the con* 
veniences of the situation, the advantages that were liaely to be gained 
by the inhabitants, superior to those of Yarmouth, having the same 
privileges, without the inconveniences of that town. 

Yet all this display of probable emolument, and apparent conveni* 
'ence^ does not seem to have iiad any other effect than the disappoint 1 


men! of Sir Roierf$ bopes> and tbe dttoonciirting of his plan ; for, 
ivhetber the public bad entertained an unfavourable idea of tbe 
titoation, from tbe frequent quarrels of tbe two towns, or whetber 
the advantages set forth in Sir Roberts proposals were viewed in a 
visioDary light, it does not appear diat any houses were built ; so that 
Little Yarmouth is in much the same situation at present a? it was at 
that time. 

' In the same year, (the S6th of Charle$ IL) the burgesses, at an as- 
sembly held the ttlst of if arcA, came to a^ resolution of formally 
surrendering to that King, all their charters, freedoms, liberties, and 
franchises, as a ratification of their professions of loyalty to bim» and 
to wipe off the 9tatn of their attachment to the parliament, which we 
have before had occasion to mention. This, however, was not done, 
without '^ the tender of their most humble duty to his Majesty, and 
assurance of their stedfaist resolution to serve his Majesty with their 
lives and fortunes, kumbfv praying his Majaty, that he would vouch- 
waft to r errant them tuchtibertics, prtvileees, and franchises, as to him 
in his princely goodness should seem most fit /* 

This surrender bad the desired effect ; and a new charter, again 
incorporating Great and Little Yarmouth, confirming their old pri* 
vileges, and investing them with new ones, was accordingly granted; 
by which the style ot the corporation was changed from bailrfis, &c. 
to that of the niayor, aldermen, bui^^esses, Am commonalty of tbe 
burgh of Great Yarmouth* 

Tlie obtaining of this charter was looked upon (as very well it 
might) in so important a light, that the day on which it was to be 
brought into the town, a grand cavalcade of three or four bondred 
horsemen, besides a number of coaches, and people on foot, met it 
on the road, and accompanied it into toWn, where it was delivered to 
the mayor elect, George Ward, Esq. amidst the acclamations of the 
inhabitants ; when, after duly swearing-in all the officers. See of tbe 
corporation, the whole company partook of a maenifioent entertain- * 
ment provided by the new mayor, where many loyal healths were * 
drunk, accompanied by the ringing of bells, firing of guns, bonfires, 
music, &c. the whole of which was conducted and concluded with 
becoming decency and decorum. 

This form of government, however, did not remain Ions to them ; 
for King James II. in his 4th year, revoked their new charter, and 
put them, with all other towns in England^ upon tbe same footing 
the/ were on in the reign of Charles 11. befpre their surrender; but 
the incorporation of Great and lAttU Yarmouth still remained, which 
being confirmed by another charter from Queea Anne, and the title 
of mayor, aldermen, &c. being again restored, tbe same has continued 
ever since. 

Hence a period was put to their numerous disputes and conten- 
tions : for as these chiefly originated from a desire of superiority, aad 
a jealousy of each other's privileges and prerogatives, their libertiM 
and franchises no sooner bec^ame common, than quarrels and contro* 
versies gave place to peace and unanimity. 

But these contests we. have been treating of, were not the only 
ones the town was engaged in; Castor, in f/egg hundred was fre- 
quently an object of their contention, and embroiled them in litigious 


Tbe ori^Q of these m%m% to have heen GruVt Haoen, or Coekle' 
Water, which had been a haveo i» Edward the Confessor's time, and 
was then esteemed the boundary between armonth and Castor; but 
afterwards it was cboaked up with sand and gravel, rendered unna- 
▼igable, and became at last pasture land# In process of time, scarce 
aaj vestiges of this haven being left, many disputes arose, in either 
town, concerning the ascertaining their true boundaries* 

io (he ^8tb of Edward I. mwj inhabiCaDts of Yarmouth were 
attached to shew cause, why thev had taken away goods and^chattels, 
found at Castor, to the value oi 40/. belonging to Hugh Bardolf, 
then lord of one of tbe manon of Ca^or, and others at Castor ; and 
though the issue of this suit does nor appear, yet it is presumed, from 
several circumstances, that Yarmouth obtained u verdict, and that thia 
determination reconciled, for a time, all similar disputes. « 

But in the time of Richard 11. we find several amercements of the 
men of Castor, for driving off Yarmouth comimon, and impounding 
at Castor, several beasts, &c. And in the l£th of that King) it ap« 
pears that ** Godfrey Harvjf and John Berd, of Castor, have found a 
** piece of wax, worth ten marks, within the Ubertv> cast ashore by the . 
^ sea, as wreck, and carried it with them out of the liberty, to the 
^^ town of Castor, and not delivered it to tbe bailiflb, 8lc/* Upon 
which tbe finders were held to bail, and a suit commenced ; but bow 
it was determined does not appear* 

Several similar contests happened in the reigns of Henry IV. and 
Henry VII L on which Mr. ikiaiisAjpsays, " Many suits, and troubles, 
^' were moved by either party in the vehementest manner that might 
'^ be, each chasing and impounding tbe other's cattlci at extreuiities 
'' of law would permit them ; Yarmouth not sparing tbe very baiiiflii 
" themselves, if at any time, they were remiss in maintaining- their 
** liberties.'* And indeed we find the bailiffs have been amerced, for 
not making their annual perambulations, in order to commemorate, 
by marks, &c. the true limits of the town, by land and water* This 
necessary memento, however, had been so long neglected, that in the 
15th of Henry VKl. the inhabitanta of Castor (at the instance of Sir 
Wm. Paston, then Iprd of both the manors) were emboldened lo enter 
and take possession of this disputable piece of ground containing about 
400 acres, situated between GruVs Uaoen on the north side^ and the 
%toDe cross on the south. This they did onthel20th oi January; and 
on tlie 1i7t|i of the next month thirty or forty people came and car- 
ried off from the same ground, several pieces of ordfiaoce, which were 
wrecked at sea; a privilege which Yarmouth had before claimed.and - 
enjoyed. Other instances of this nature occur, the determinations of 
which disputes do not appear, both parties continuing equally firm in 
the support of their separate claims, till the 56th of that king, when 
the burgesses made appli<;alion to the duke of Norfotki-thea on a 
commission to survey tbe fortifications of Yarmouth, who promised 
his intercession with the King, that this point might be settled. Ac- 
cordingly, a commission was ordered, the next year, tbe result of 
which waa, a tripartite indenture, dated tbe dOtb of jipril, in the SSih 
year of tbe said kiog, by which it was concluded, Tuat the bounda-i' 
ries of tbe two towns should be ascertained by rails and a ditch, to be 
made twelve feet wide, in tbe middle between the crosa and GruVs 
Haven; for which purpose, two men of Yarmouth, and two of Castor 


were to extend a line from one to the other ; and that Yarmouth 
should maintain the east, and Castor the west part, for even This 
work thebargestes began on the 12th of May in the same year, and 
completed it in eight days, when a cross was dag on the common, 
on either side of the fence, which crosses were to be kept open as 
marks of their separate boundaries, and actually continued till the 
making the present road between rariHOii^A, and Castor^ in 1712. 

Thus this disagreeable controversy was decided equitably, and to 
the mutual satisfaction of both parties, who were now no longer liable 
to violent outrages and vexatious ligitations, in order to determine 
what was and was not their property, their limits beine now fixed 
beyond dispute ; and that they might not find a bone of contention 
in the boundary itself, the decree ordains the ditch to be kept in repair 
by ^ir William Paston, the rails by the burgesses • 

Besides these disputes we have been treating of, it appears that in 
the l£th of Henry VI. the burgesses were engaged in a contest with 
the citizens of Norwich, concerning a demand of cranage from the 
laid citizens, on the exporting and importing their goods, which they 
refused to pay, and thereupon brought a writ out of Chancery alledg- 
ing the illeg^ity of the demand ; upon which a return was made to 
the disadvantage of the citizens. But though they failed in their prin- 
cipal otyect, th^y obtained a verdict against the burgesses with res- 
pect to a new crane they had then erected, and wUged them to 
remove it to a more convenient place. 

It may not be improper to close this chapter with an observation 
on the cause and origin of many of these controversies, which seem to 
have owed their rise to the- many grants and indulgencies claimed by 
individuals and communities on several accounts. The tenants of 
lands held in defcnean of the crown, claimed a general exemption, 
and of course refused to pay the tolls demanded here for their goods, 
exported or imported. Another cause of contention arose from privi- 
leges and franchises granted to difierent communities, by charters of 
later date than that of king John, with which they yerj frequently 
clashed , as it often happened that the liberties granted by one char- 
tery to one community, were incompatable with, and ^ntradicted 
those of another charter, claimed by another community. And here 
priority of date does not always seem to have been regarded by the 
parties concerned, who were generally so attached to the letter of 
their grants, that there appeared no other probable means of settling 
their disputes^ than by referring them to others, and deciding them by 



Having in the first chapter endeavoured to convev some idea of 
the origin and ancient situation of j^armouih, in which some account 
of the havens was necessarily introduced, we have been ordinarily 
impelled 4o treat more at large on that subject, in the succeediog 
chapters. We ^11, therefore, in this, recur bade to that period 
from which we set out, and endeavour to trace the govemme9U of the 
towttj from its first formation down to its present state. 


To do this we nnsfc recaII|ro mind what has ben before insianated, 
thai the site of Great Yarmouth was ori^nally a sand in the sea ; that 
some time before the landing of Cerdick, in the year 495, it began 
by degrees to lift its head tboye water^ and was at length out of the 
veach of the tides. 

^ At this time the fishermen of the Cinque Ports/who were the prin- 
cipal fishermen of the IcincdDm^ resorted hither, with others from 
JFrancCs Flantkrt, and the Netherlands, annually, from about MichaeU 
Mas to Martinmas, in order to catch herrings, with which the sea at 
that season generally abounds. The inducements for their makino^ 
Qae of this particular spot were many. Jt was a place newly emerged, 
as it were, from the sea ; and as nobody thought it worth claiming, 
it was consequently unoccupied; finding it, therefore, so convenient 
a situation both for the lanoine and preparing the fish, the drying of 
their nets^ and the enjoying of a temporary residence, they erected 
booths or tents to suit their present occasions, in defending them from 
tbct weather, afld exposing their fish to sale; whither they were soon 
resorted to by the merchants of London, Norwich, and other places, 
and as soon as their business was done, they struck their tents and 
retoilied to their several habitations. But finding it at length a place 
yery commodious for a longer residence than the fishing season re* 
quired, they began to form themselves into societies, and to build 
houses, which, in process of time, increasing in number, and being 
formed into regular streets^ acquired a respectable aspect, and ^w 
into a flourishing town. Here, then, we are to look for the origm of 
the govierument of Yarmouth. 

As the herring fishery had drawn hither such numbers of natives 
and foreigners, ror the purposes of catching and selling of fish, as well 
as others who came to purchase, and'all limited, by the nature of 
things, to about six weeks time, it may naturally be supposed the con- 
course of people must have been considerable. Such a mixed muiti* 
tude, too, could not be supposed to preserve any order or regularity^ 
without some chief, orsuperinteudant, nor would it have been prudent . 
to have made the experiment. The barons of the Cinque ports, theie* 
fore, wisely considering these circumstances, deputed several officers, 
called bailiffs, to superintend and govern this fair or mart, from Mi^ 
ehaelmai to Mariinmat day. In these bailiffs, then, we are to view 
the first magistrates,. and thence derive the idea of the first mode of 
government of Farmott^A. 

The precise time of these commissioned officers being first sent to 
their temporary government, does not appear ; but it is generally be* 
lieved to have been long before the Conquest: for it is certain, that, 
as soon as the fishery was so firmly established, and the situation found 
to be so convenient for its several purposes, as to induce them to 
build houses, an association was immediately formed, for their mutual 
defence and support, and a burgh founded, in consequence, agreeable 
to the custom of diose days. This burgh was at first governed by 
Revet, then by Provosts, elected by the Kingi afterwards by Bailijs, 
and at last by Mayors, as at present; and was so increased at the 
grand survey of the Conqueror, that it appears then to have contained 
70 burgesses, fis we have before observed in Chap. I. 

Uence it is evident that the inhabitants of the Citique Ports were 
the principal founders and first magistrates of Yarmouth; and Jt 

VOL. XI. Qq 


a]>pear8 thftt thfev cbntihaed th^ir prerogatTve; durinff tte Mmttl ftee 
fair; long after tne foundingofthe^argh^ their biuliffs beine adnbtitteft 
into court, to hear and determine Causes, in conjimdiioh with the 
magistrates of Yarmouth. 

' The reason of their founding a burgh here, seems to have been dii« i 
the situation they had ofade choice of, though convetiient for Ifae pur- 
posed of trade, was too much exposed tff the depredations of pirates^ 
and other free-booters, to admit of certain security of their property^ 
urithout some kind df fortification or defence, which the Word hurgh, 
according to Sir Henry Spe/man, seems to imply ; for he says, Niu^ 
" auam occUrrii appellatio Bvaoi, nihil intiuefis antiqm mummiHis^ 8dc.^ 
'* Whenever the terrfi burgh occurs; it signifies an dn««eiit fortress' f 
'' such as a city, castle, tbwer, trench, or ramptre^ but most comfnnnty, 
" as we alpprehend it, a castle, to^n; or cily/* And It is lAost proba- 
ble that Yarmouth was at 6rst fortified ^itfa a trench; pferhap^ with a 
wall, as the old wall is frequently mentiofled at the bttildvftg of tbe 
new one, and is said to bave fifrnirshed pkt of tbe materials of tbe 
new walK 

Tbe first buifdings tfre supposed to bave been on ot near a plac^ 
called Fullers Hilt, so catfed from one Fuller, as is reported, who Wto 
principally conc^rhed in founding them. These buildings afterwsirds 
extended northerly, for the convenience of being near the north bityen, 
then their principal haven, which seems to aeconnt fcfr Bishop Het^ 
berft having built the chapel so far north of the present toWn, then 

!>robably the most populous part ; as Sir Henry Spelman says, Ctipd* 
am in hdc arenA condidit,pro salute animarum ilSc appelkntiMi } ** he 
'< built a chapel on this sand, for the salvation of souls arriving there." 
But about the Conquest, the southern channel becomid'K ^be principal, 
the town began to stretch to the south, and the nortnern buildings 
were deserted, and fell into decay. Bishop Herbert then, being en- 
joined to build a church here, and considering theenseand advantage 
of the inhabitants, founded one near Fuller^s JF/tV/, which be dedicated 
to St. Nicholas, the patron of fishermen ; ecclesiam ptrillUitrem (sa^s 
Sir Henry) S. Nicoiao dicatam, piscatorum vero ditatetm obtdtionibus 
et dotatam; i. e. ** A very famous church, dedicated to St. tiitkolas, 
" enriched and endowed with the offerings of the flshef nrfen. 

However, the north channel heing at last entirely stopped ftp, the 
iiibabhants kept building so fast to the spath, that hftd not the tdwn 
been walled in, when thev thought proper just to include the church, 
it is more than probable thatSt. NtcAo/as's church had bten left stand- 
ing alone, as well as the chapel. But to return to the magistrates. 

We bave before mentioned tbe government of Yamtintth by Rewi, 
who seem to have been onty a kind of vice-governors; for it appescrs 
that the Kings of England had usually granted this burgh to some 
Earl, who constantly deputed a Rece^ or Porti-ett, to collect tbe cus- 
toms, determine controversies, and administer justie^ to the btfrge^s, 
agreeable to the cnstom bf ancient burghs. But these i'eves^ from the 
nature of their office, had bnt limited prerogatives \si bdcnparison of 
tbe officers appointed immediately fa^ tbe King, life first 6f tbe»e 
that we meet with, is in the gth of Henry 1. when, on stecoont of the 
vast increase of the inhabitants, in fishermen, merehants, and traders, 
as well from Flanders and Notmandy, as from many parts 6f this 
kihgdoo), thai King was pleased td make a fbrmal ^ppcfmrnietit of H 


?x>per tDagmtrate^ to reside la and govern the town, by the title of 
rmmiuff as they termed him in LaHtt; Le Protosi, according to 
the rtlorman dialect^ at that time much nsed; and called at presenti' 
from the laiter language. The Provost. 

The offioe, and probably the residence, of this magistrate, was in 
or near the Co»ge, which at that time was the principal place of trade, 
aad so continued as long as Gmb's Haven was navigable to the sea. 
Aad the key opposite to the Conge, sometimes called the King*8 Conge, 
was denominated the Lord's Conge, which title it first acquired when 
the burgh was under the £ari, and retained it for many centuries after. 

This mode of government continued for a hundred years, when 
King JoAn, amongst other towns incorporated by him, granted the* 
boigesies a charter, in his Qth year, (as has been already oDserved) by 
which this was created a free bnrgh, and many liberties and immunw 
ties invested in the burgesses, who were to hold the town in fee-farn& 
for ever, paying to him and his heirs an annual rent of 55/. which they 
were to raise by the customs arising out of the port, and not by any 

E>ds sold on shore, in their market, as appears oy the sutgoined trans- 
on of the charter ; the original of which (in Latin) is still carefully 
|>resecved in the GuiiMall^ and is for the most part yet legible. 



Jo H N, by the grace of God, Kine of England, Lord of Ireland^ Dake 

of Normandy and Jqmtainp and Earl of Jnjou, to the archbishops, 

bishops, abbots, priors, earls, barons, justices, sheriffs, provosts, and 

^ to all bailiffs, and other his faithful subjects, greeting. Know ye ' 

that we' have granted, and by our present charter confirmed, to our 

And that the same burgesses through our whole laud, and through 
^ all the 8ea-porl9, be quit of toll, lastage,passage,paage, pontage, and 
" of leve, and of Daheseld, and every other custom, saving the liberty 
'' of the city ofXA>Hdon; and that they do no suit of counties 'or 
** hundreds for tenures, within I'he burgh of Yarmouth. 

^' We have also granted to the sam^ burgesses, and by this our 

granted to them acquittance 
** burgh of Yarmouth ; and that none of them sliBilJight the combat. 
*' And that they may try the pleas of the crown amongst themselves^ 

• It it observable that King John was or to any personal action arising in the 

the first of our Kings that n^ed the fihi- saidbnrgh, but in the court of Yarmouth 

nd number ih his grants^ forfhe singular, on^jr ; except in outurard' tenure- ; i. e. 

which has continued ever since. tenures hoiden by any burgess out of the 

^ For an explanation of these, and precincts oi Varmourh j m which Cas?. 

some other antique terms to be met w:th he was to answer to them in thfe county or 

in this history, s*c the Glossary. place where siich tenures were situated. 

'' That is, no burgess should be forced » That is, they should be quit of the . 

to an swer to any action concerning lands pecuniary c- nsequences of escaping aftei;' 

or ceaements hoiden by him in Yarmouth murder ; such as fines an4 aracrciiments; 


'* according td tti^ law and caBlom of Oxford. And that within tit 
'' bargh aforesaid, none shall take quarters by force»^ or by assignmen 
^* of the marshals. And that in 'that burgh there shall be no plea 
'< ofmUktnning; and that be holden but once e^ week. We have siao 
^' granted to them a mtrchant guild ; and that they shall justly have 
^ their lands and tenures, their securities, and all their debts which 
^' aojr one shall owe them. And concerning their lands and tenurei^ 
** which are within the burgh aforesaid, according to the law and 
** custom of the burgh of Oxford : and concerning all their debts, 
'* which shall be contracted at Yarmouth^ and securities made there,. 
^' the pleas shall be held at Yarmouth. And if any one in all Emg* 
"^./aiMiA, shall lake tolls or custom from the burgesses of FarMOtitA, 
^'«ezcept, as above, the said city of London^ and afterwards that per* 
^:Aan shall fail to assert his right, the provost of Yarmouth shall take 
^^ogt the writ of Uaam at Yurmoui^. 

** Moreover, for the amendment of the said burgh of Yarmouth, we 
'^^ bave.guinted, that whatever merchants shall come to the bnrgh of 
'^Yarm(mth with their wares, of whatever place they shall be, whether 
^' foreigners, or others/ who are at peace with us, or by our permit- 
^* mon shall come into our land^ they may come, stay, and depart in 
^ our safe peace, on paying tbe ng^t customs of that burgh. We 
''^ also prohibit that no one injure, or damage, or molest the aforesaid 
^ burgesses, upon forfeiture of ten pounds. 

'' Wherefore we will and strictly command, that the aforesaid bar* 
wjres^es of Yarmouth, and their heirs, have and hold for ever aH the 
^'Tranchises aforesaid, hereditarily, truly, and peaceably, freely, quietly, 
^* and wholly^ fully and honorably, on paying thereout annually fift? 
'^ and five pounds by tale, by the hana of the provost of Yarmouth, 
^ into our Exchequer, at the term of St. Michaets.. 

*' And rbe burgesses of Yarmouth shall yearly chuse such provosts 
^ out of themselves as shall be agreeable to us and them.* 

" Witness, Lord Peter of Winchester, Lord John of Nortanch, Lord 
^ S. of SaUsbury, bishops ; J. Fitz Peter ; William Marshal, Earl of 
^' Pembroke; nilliam, our brother. Earl of Salisbury; William Earl 
^ of Ferrars ; Peter Fitz-Herbert, W. Bremer, Hugh de Nevill, 
'' Jdam de Port, Garin Fitz Gerald, William de Cantilupe, John de 
** Earning, JejBfrey Lutterell, Thomas Fitz- Adam. Dated by the hand 
^ WeUs, archdeacon of Wells, at MarUborough, the 18th day 
^' of March, in the ninth year of our reign.*' ^ 

By this charter it is observable that the town was still to be go-, 
verned bv a provost, and so probably continued till the rdgn of 
Henry 111. in whose 56th year we find the burgesses laid before that 
^' ^, under their common seal, a set of articles, or bye laws, by 

* f hit is, DO purveyor of the Kihg * Though the bui^gesses sat herd»r 

should farcibly take any thing for his permitted to chuse their own magistrate^ 

use out of this buigh, a custom fire, the priiKipal advantage to them seems 

quently practised in ^ther places. to be the power of electing one of their 

' It appears, by some ancient statutes, own body, (which was not always the 

that foreign merchants were only suf- case when they were appointed by the 

fered to come into this kingdom during King) for there appears to be a rcserva- 

the time of a public fiur, and then the^ tion m idonei nobis, <• agreeable to us," 

time of their lemainiog here was limited which is somewhat eqidvocaL 
to 40 days. 



which they tolicited to 1>e goyerned, and which he confirmed, by hia 
letters patent, dated the 26th day oi October, in the said year. 

By tnese articles they were to elect for' their first magistrates, /otir 
wi9€ men of the town ; or, in other worAs^four bailiffs^ as appears by 
the 6th article; though h is ceiOain they had been governed by four 
bailiflb, before the said year, as wifl be seen in the list of bailiffs. 

*' It is ordained, that all the merchants of the town shall well and 

'' troly pay for the merchandizes, according to their bargain and 

*' covenant made in the buying, if the merchandizes be . foand true ^ 

^•aod good ; and if they be found otherwise, that then it be ruled 

^'•and warded hyfour wise men of the town, tho$en by the town, that 

^ can skill of the merchandizes, and if the buyer will not so, and 

•complaint thereof be ma6e unto the 'bailiffs, the^ wise men of the 

town, they shall justify and compel him, b^ his goods and chattels^ • 

^* to do that thins ; and if he asree not within three days next after, 

** that then his aforesaid goods be sold, by sight of the wiie men, to 

''' content the party ; and if his goods will not suffice to content the 

^ party, that then his lands, rents, and housings shall be delivered into 

**■ the band of the merchant, by estimation of good foIk,*nntiH the 

<' time that the remnant of the de'bt be fully contented tod paid, 

^ saving unto the chief lords of the fee, the rents thereof due ana ac- 

'^ customed, and saving idso the repfO'ation of the said houses.'' 

These four wise men, or bailiffs, were to be assisted by twenty four 
jurats, (cAHed ^erwards etldemwif^ as is set forth in the 6th of the 
•aid articles. 

'^ To inforce and strengthen our balUfls to sustain and perform the 

** articles aforesaid, whe have purveyed twenty four wise meh of the 

''town, so that being chosen and sworn, in this form, that none of 

'' the twenty four do suroei^ the summons of the bailiffs, or df other 

''that be assigned by the twenty four to make their appearance, 

*^ under pain to pay for every default half a mark, to the common 

"'profit of the town, and that money shall be levied ontbe next 

" morrow followinfi;, 'without anV delay, or without any manner of 

*^ pardon. Andif the baiKffsof-the town fail tber^n, or be negligent 

" to perform the said things, they shall pay to the common profit of 

" the town* four pounds sterling, and if the said twenty four do not ^ 

" tnaintain strictly the peace, according to their power, or do not 

'^' lawfuHy perform the said Articles, and thereof they be attainted, 

' ^' they shall give unto the King forty marks. And if there be any . 

^ " evil-doer, or sustainer of them that have tlone, that will not be jus- 

" tified by the said jurats, and thereof be attainted, he shall give to 

" the Kin^ 'forty marks, if he have thereof, and if he have not, he 

*^' shall lie m prison a year and a day.** 

Hence we may form some idea of the origin of these officers, the 
nature of their office, and the fines for neglect of their duty. 

The jurats,' or aftdermien, were annually ciiosen by tlie commonalty^ 
and the bailiffs 'were elected by the jurats. The 6th article, above 
ilQOted, says " chosen by the town,'' which mtens no other than the 
jurats, who were indeed ike town, by delegation and representation, 
whiolris also confirmed by an ordinance of the corporation, made in 
-the lOtfa^year of Rickardll. in which it is said, *' wee have chosen 
'f/^ men, — *«— twome to susteyne, doo, and performe all the seid 
^ artielesy' and fdUbyngMX)nteined in^tbe seid charter, (of Henry III. 





^ abov£ineiitioued) and for to ordeigoe and .make all other thUuBi 
" touching the seid cooionnSy that may turn to profyght and ameod- 
*' psent of the seid coraouHlte, and salvacioo of ihe frauncbiae ; and 
" yree ivuli and graqnte, for us and oure soccessours to bolde ferme 
^ and stabill all that ever the seid 24 shall, in these premisses, doo. 
^ 'And if any of the 24 die within the terme aboveseid, or for a cause 
^' he removed, that thanne the other that akydtn shall chou other in 
** their sttde. And that the seid £4 shiUl chose the officers belonf^ing 
'^ to the seid comonalte, tec/' 

These officers were the baili£Es, chamberlains, cbnrchwardens, fiLQ. 
as appears bv the following oath^ that was administered lo thejorats, 
previous to the election. 

** Thus herCf yee bailies^ and all good men, that I J.B. shall weell 
and indifferently, and according to the ordenances of this town; make 
trtwe eUction of the best and n^ost discrete men of this town of GreU 
'' Yermouth, to exercise and occupy the office of bailies of this tomnfor 
theater next coning. And also I shall chose and make trewe and 
indifferent eleccion, according to the same ordenances^ of all other 
** officers ; Jhat is to say, ii cbamberleyns, ii chircht-ncardevns, ii miiro- 
^^Jgcrs, viii wgrdours ofberyn^, ii collectors for the half aolys, and iiii 
" auditours. And I shall notfailthusto doo, not levying for ftr,frassde, 
^* col/usion, qffeccum, or favour of any persane. So fiod me neipe ai 
'' the holy dome and by this book.* 

In consequence of repeated confirmations of the abpvein^ntipQed 
articles, under the great seal of England, the 24 jurats, in Uie reiga 
of King Edward I. compiled a code of laws and customs of Yarmouth^ • 
the original of which is now lost, but a translation is still extant, entitled, 
^* Th.e Copy of the olde boke of the lawes and cnstomet of Yermomthp 
^' translated out of Frenssh and Englissh, by Thomas iianyard. Sty* 
f* ward ther, the year of our Lord God MCCCCLXXXXL in the 
'^ time of Christofer Moy and John Bedi^Aam/ bailies/' 

In the same year (1491) the burgesses first made an ordinance to 
prohibit the re-election of the same bailiffs, without an interoiediate 
space of time from their last serving the pfice, to their being ^gain 
ej(gible ; as the eledtors had frequently, before this, choaen the same 
gentlemen for .twx>9 and sometimes three successive years. But by the ' 
Sd article of this, ** it is ordeynyd and establyshyd, that from hens 
'* forward he that is balye one vere shal not be balye tyl V yer aftyr 
'^ be fill I V ronne and complete. 

The election of four bailiffs ceased in tl^ 4th of Henry V L wbfi 
ItQbert Elys and fVm: Oxneye were elected the twe baiitffs tot the 

£ear ensnin^y and the town continued under the goveronieBt of two 
liliffs, 24 aldermen, and 48 common-councii-men till the 36th year 
of AJharla II. as will afterwards appeai*. 

In the 2d year of Charles I. a formal complsdat was made, at a cor* 

E oration assembly, hplden the 17th of July,thut several of their society 
ad projected a scheme tor altering the mode of ffovernment, from the 
choosing of two bailiffs to that of a mayor, &c* But on a motion being 
ma/ie, the majority appeared i^ainst the intended alteration, and a 
re^lution was accordingly fy|;reed to, '' that if any one of that societj 
" ^ould for the future pres^ime to presfpt any such project, or have 
fixy kjffid ^herein, he shqMJd Jbe imn^jOiediatly diagvissed out of the 
^ said fp<;ie^y,. as OQC adjti^d toM «d wwArt^y Dsenber timreof.'^ 

^ y A R H or tJ T H. M9 

This oecftmaed k divHlim in the corporaciony amd a dismis^on of 
several of tbtir members. Attongst these was Mr. Jeffrey Neve, alder- 
taniy who wab expelled at a fall assembly » ht>lden the S^d of September, 
ia the same year, and Tho, Oretn chosen in his stead. Which being 
represented to the King, he. addressed his letter '' t9 the baitiffi aiwl 
** aldermen^* dated the lyib of July, in his 3d year, informing them 
that, '^ Our Dvill and pleasure is, that forthwith, upon the receipt 6f 
'' these our letters, you restore the said fieve unto his former place, 
** an<I remove that person so irregularly chosen in his room, and suffi?r 
** the said tfeoe to exercise afnd perform the duties appertaining to the 
** place of eilderftiaD, sb foroierly he hath done. And of the per- 
'' tbrmance of this ohr eommandmrent, we require you to send an ao- 
*^ count unto one of oar prindpad' secretaries of state, to acquaint us 
" therewith, fcc/' The pdrty, therefore, that espoused the proposed' 
alterattoDs, dismissed Green and replaced Neve; but being only a 
smaller part of the body, this was not esteemed a corporation act, and 
tbe opposite party strongly remonstrated against it; producing, in 
tbeir answer to tKe King, anaiiy allegations to prove the rectitude of 
their conduct, in Nieo^'idSsmis8(ion,and representing him as adesien- 
iDg, unprincipled, litigJoas person, and so profligate a spendthrift, that 
be bad brought many persons to jploverty and ruin, who had been cre« 
didoos enough to trust him ; soliciting^ at the same time, that tbe Kine 
woidd grant a re-examination before '* some gentlemen of trust ;^ 
for that ibe ease of Neve bed beerf much misrepresented to him^ 
tfaroQgh tbe partitility of those employed in layine it before his Ma- 
jesty, who had only examined such witnesses as favoured th^ cause 
tbey had embarked in. 

Th6s the matter was laid before the lo^ds of tbe privy-conncil, who 
referred it to a committee, the result of whotoe enquiry, and re-exa- 
mination of the premises, was an order of privy-council, in which it 
is said that '' Since the said bailiffs petitioning his Majesty, and 
^ aBedging divers misdemeanors of the said Neve, his Majesty was 
^ pleli^ fo refer the same to the lords of his privy-council, who 
" thereupon thouf^ht good to refer tbe same to some gentleman c^ that 
** coonty, to eiamin6 agttin the ssiid business, aAd certify t^^ir opinions 
^ therein ; as by an order of the board, bearing date the 7Ch of Nb- 
^ vember last, may arp^lir. Now forasmuch as their lordships ire 
** well satisfied, by the certificate returned by the said gentlemen, 
'' concerning tne dismission of the said Neve, and his anfitiingness 
'^ for that place of ftld^rman, have thought fit that the said bailifi^i and 
'^ aldermen be no further troubled for die receiving in of the said 
** Nere, but do leave the business to be oMered by them, according 
^' to the orders and eonstittttions of the pluce.'^ Upon which the dis- 
miaefon c^ Neve, after wbtc^ opposition frOm bif party, was confirmed, 
at an assembly holdeh on the 29th of February lt)(Sd, and Green, of 
oiomequenfee, wiis declared doly electe'd. 

The whole of this business, and Mr. Neve^s expulsion, appears to 
have originated rdther on account of his being one of the projectors 
of tbe tiew mode.df government, than from any demerit of nis, in his 
official capacity, thOhgh that was a pretext urged with much plausi- 

The achetne of choosing a mayor, 8cc. ifistead of two hailiffii. had 
been some time in agitation^ but thjs party that favoured it had not 


bad ao opportdnity of bringing it to matnrity, till some tine after it 
bad been tormally complained of in a corporatioiraaiemUy, as before 
mentioned ; and it is very probable tbat the rigorous methods poraoed 
by the jnajorityof the corporation against Mr. Neve, and others of 
that party^ did not a little contribute to spirit them on in their favou- 
rite project^ which had succeeded, but for the violent opposition of 
the other party.- . 

In the 4th of the said King, therefore (Id^S), at an assembly holden 
the SOth of December, it was ** Ordered, That Mr. John Dasut (being 
*' a free burgess of this burgh, and sworn to maintain the franebiaes, 
<' the good customs^ usages, and ordinances thereof) shall within five 
'' days now next ensuing, bring and deliver unto Mr. Bail^ Buttoipkf 
^* a true and full copy of the petition which is reported he exhibited 
'^ unto his Majesty, against or concerning the town, without the con* 
'' sent of this house; which if he shall refuse to do accordiAgly, (having 
** notice given thereoO it is thought fit that all such as be of this so* 
'' ciety, and have subscribed their names to the certificate, which is 
*^ said to be only for the alteration of the manner now, and time out 
** of mind, used, in the choosing of bailiffs for this burgh, should dis- 
** claim what they had so done i^nd subscribed unto.'* Instead of a 
compliance with this order, Mr^ Dasset, and others, on the 27tb of 
January following, preferred a complaint to tlie King of the disorderly 
and factious government of the town, which his Msjesty referred to 
the lords of his council, who sent a letter to Mr. Bailiff Cooper^ re- 
quiring that the assembly books, and the chamberlain's books shpoM 
be sent up to tbem ; which letter, together witft a copy of the petition 
and complaint, was laid before a public assembly, holden the 2d of 
February J when Mr. Bailiff' Cooper demanding the delivery of the 
said books, agreeable to the request of the lords, they were aecordingly 
delivered to him, and by him and Mr* Hardware, were taken to Lofi* 
don, they having previously procured a certificate from underthe hands 
of many of the corporation, by means of which they artfullv intended 
to promote their main purpose, though they had insinuated that their 
intention was only to procure an eslrfblished succession of the senior 
aldermen to be bailiffs, when in fact they made it the foundation of 
their petition to the King in favour of their grand scheme. 

The corporation having information of this, at an assembly bolden 
the 18th of March following, ordered that *' Henry Davy, Thomas 
'^ Johnson, and Robert Norgate, or any of them, should be appointed 
'' and authorized t^ exhibit a petition, in the name of this house, to 
, '^ the Right Honourable the lord keeper of the great seal of England, 
" or any other, shewing that the said Mr. Cooper and Mr. Hardware 
'' had not any authority or consent from this house to do any thing 
^* wherein they have intermeddled, and that. the town do utterly dis- 
approve and condemn all their proceedings. And also to petition 
his Mnjesty, if need require, that the truth to his Majesty may more^ 
'' fully appear ; and also to signify to the lord keeper, that whereas 
'^ Mr. Cooper did send up a certificate under the town seal' of admi* 
raity, which was shewed in chancery against the town, that it was 
altogether without the consent, knowledge, or approbation of this 
house, (he having the sole custody of that seal, and only used in 
'' maritime causes, and not otherwise) and so abused that bonourabla 
'^ court, and also this town, &c/' 





y A R M O CJ T H. 90S 

TTpoa ^ii ditpute the btUafibf aldennenyborgesses, and commonaky 
were MibpcBDa'd, iff the peo^lty of / 100. each, bj a writ of Quo fVar^ 
rantQ broaght against the U^wn^ to appear id the coart of King's Bench, 
or in the crown office, to m^e answer beifore Sir RobM Ueathe, 
Attamey General, npon such matters as be should object against them 
oa bis Majesty's beha]f» 

Hence an order was made, to depnte Mr. bailiff Buttolph, Sir John 
Wtntwortkf Miies CorbetU Esq. and aldecinan Johmon^ or either of 
Ibem, to appear and defend the town, by every eligible means. And 
on tbe {e5tn of May following Mr. Butio^h made bis report concern* 
ing tbe obstacles that had been thrown in bis way, on his appearance 
to answer the said writ. The snbstance of which was, that Mr. Cower 
and Mr. Dasiet having made a formal acknowledgment of tbe ^>r« 
feiture of the town's charters, and Mibmitting, in the name of the 
town, to tbe king's mercy, the king^s attorney had demanded tbe sei-> 
sore of tbe charters, and for want of authority under the town's seal^ ' 
no attorney of the crrown office dared appear for the town ; but that 
on consaltmg council, it was found that a warrant under the passport 
seal was sufficient authority, and thai the delivering up of the cmr^ 
ters bad been refused, and a day fixed on for tbe town to g^ve in their 

A subpcriptiod was now set on foot, in the town, for the support 
of tbe cause, and the defence of tbeir charters. And on the 11th 
of June, Mr*. George Hardware, alderman, was disfranchised and 
deprived of his office, for supporting tbe new form of government, as 
an enemy to '' the public good of the town, and tending to the seisure 
*^ of all the r;fi[hts, Vrivil^es, cusloms, liberties, and charters of the 
*^ town," and Mr. Tkomqs Crane was elected in bis stead. 

As this dispute was still depending, and ihe time of electing new 
bailifls drew near, the king, by hb letter dated the 10th of Jufy, in 
bis fifth year, interfered in tqieir choice : *^ insomuch as our good 
'' intentions for the rectifying of tbe government there, and for the 
^ establishing and confirming of their former liberties, customs, and 
'* franchises, (which is aU we aim at) c^annot tak^ place so soon as we 
'' desired, and the necessity of the good and prosperity of that town 
'^ required. We, therefore, for the present and speedy reformation of 
*' those abuses, and for tbe continuance of peaceable government 
^' there, in the mean tin>e, do straightly will and require you that there 
^ be no proceeding to election of new bailiffs for the year to come, 
^ nntil we be at Irst made acquainted therewith. And that you 
'' send unto us the names of all your aldermen, and out of those; that 
^ you make choice of eight of those aldeimep, who by order, and 
^ course, and otherwise are fittest for tbe place of bailiffs (of which 
'' eight we will that the present bailifis be two) out of which we pro* 
^ pose to recommend unto you two of them to be your bailiffs for this 
*' present year ensuing^ or nntill, for the better government of the 
^' town, we shall otherwise order tbe same." 

At an assembly b^den the £Otb of August following, this letter 
was read with another^ dated the dSrd of August, in which reference 
waa made to an order of council, dated iZpth of July, touching the 
ditiniwiett of Mr. Hardware, and in which the opposite party were 
much fepiebended ; ^ Their lordships having heard at larn that 
^ which he {Mm. JMo^ tbe town's agent) could say, both by bim- 

vol., XI. Rr . 



<^ self and bis council^ and that which was alleged by the other paitjf^ 
** of wfaofm some also were present, did filially order, that whereas the 
*f said George Hardware bad by his means been disfranchisedj he 
'< shall be forthwith restored, and redintegrated, and be every way, ia 
** ^l^ard of his place, statu ^uo print. And likewise that he, the said 
'' Jytlliam Buttoiph, and his associates, and also those of the other 
f* party, and generally all other of the aforesaid town, shall from 
" nenceforth forbear all tradocing^ reproaching;, and factions proceed* 
ings, and live together quietly and peaceably, attending the issae 
of that course which his majesty hath been graciously pleased to 
appoint for the redress of the aforesaid disorders/' 
His Majesty's letter, also, in which this order is mentioned, points 
out the two aldermen to be elected bailiffs. ** Mean while, to remove 
^' such disputes and differences as may arise betwixt you, about nomi- 
'^ nation of persons in the election or new bailiffs^ we .allow yon the 
^ ** wonted day of election, because we will not v cross or contrary the 
''.custom of your corporation, do recommend unto you, for this year, 
'' two aldermen whicn are eligible for bailifiv, Thomas Medome and 
'' Robert Norgatt, of whose ability we are well informed," &C4 
' In consequence of these letters, the corporation thought proper to 
restore Mr. Hardware, and to elect the two aldermen for bailiffs re* 
commended by his majesty, though one of them (Mr. Norgate) was 
then ineligible, on account of his having served the office in l6€5> 
when there had been a standing order of the corporation, for many 
years past, that there should be eight years between any person s 
going out of that office and the time-bf his being again eligible* This 
order, however, as well as the privilege of choice in the election of 
ballifb, the corporation ordered to be tuspended for one year, not 
daring^ to contend with so powerful an adversary as the king. They 
nevertheless petitioned the privy council, on the behalf of Mr. CramCp 
(elected alderman on Mr. Hardware's dismission, and displaced on 
his restoration) who, on considering the matter, permitted the corpo* 
ration '' that the said Thomas Crane (notwithstanding his dismission 
" from the place .of alderman) may continue and sit in his seat in the 
'' church, and be restored to the next place of alderman when it shall 
** become vacant/* 

Thus the matter ^rested till the corpomtion elected (the dOth of 
Hovember \699) the Earl of Dorset , then one of the lords of the privy 
council, to be High Steward of Yarmouth, who being much pleased 
with the office, and wishing to ingratiate himself with the leading 
people, did all in his power to set this affair of the prcgected change 
of government in a clear light, which had hitherto been artfully con- 
ducted by its abettors, and which, by his means, was afterwards laid 
open to the town. 

It appears that Mr. Cooper and his associates had so far succeeded 
in their plan, that in the beginning of the next year, 16S0> the charted 
was drawn up and lay ready for passing the gieat seal, which occa- 
sioned Mr. Buttolph, in the town's name, to prefer / a petition to Lord 
Dorset, another to the keeper of the eieat seal, and another to the king, 
praying to postpone the passing of the said charter^ which tbey obtain 
ed, and the king referred the matter to tibe enquiry ofahe lord-keeper, 
the lord treasurer. Lord Dorset, Viscount Dorth^nt, and the bishop <>f 
London, to shew the reasons for the pi9pQse*-Ut€iation« and their 




authority for solicitiog. it. The resolt of this mqoiry was, that the 
attorney general had drawn np the charter/ at the instance of Mr. 
Cooper^ bat it appearing contrary to the sentiments of the majority of 
the body corporate^^it was set aside ; and the corporation^ to punish 
Mr. Cooper for his opposition, dismissed him from their body ; but 
on his representation of it to the privy coundl, they were commanded 
to restore him, and received a severe reprimand for their conduct. 
" We findi say the couocil, that you have presumed (pendente lite, 

whilst the cause was in agitation before us undetermined) to displace 

Benjamin Cooper^ whom yon well know to solicit and prosecute 
*' that cause, from being an alderman of that town and choosing 
" another in his room, without acquainting us at all with the causes 
" thereof, which in discretion and duty you ought to have done. We 
'^ let yon to kqow that this misdemeanor, howeverj(in that the honor 
" of the board is therein not a little concerned) hath deserved a more 
'' severe proceeding against such as were chief actors thereofj^ yet for 
'' the present we have been contented to forbear the same ; but do 
** nevertheless require and charge you forthwith upon the receipt of 
^ these ourletters, to restore the said Benjamin Cooper to his place 
^ of alderman, and to remove John Lucas, or any other so unduly 
*' pot in his room.** 

This the town endeavoured to evade, but to no purpose, and they 
were at length obliged to restore him« 

Thus ended this contest, in which the town was then, and had been 
for some time, torn to pieces by the violence of the two parties ; and 
though the prosecution of the Quo Warranto and the new charter 
continued some years afler this, the opposing party at last got th^ 
better, and preserved their ancient form of government. 

This, however, did not continue above fifty years; for Kine 
Charles II. in his 36th year, 1684, granted them a new charter, ana 
incorporated tbem by tne name of the mayor, aldermen, burgesses, 
and commonalty of the burgh of Great larmoaihg beine modelled 
nearly upon the plan of that contended for, in the reign of Charles I. 
and was to consist of a mayor, eighteen aldermen, and thirty-six 
common«council-men ; but this mode continued a very short time, 
the ancient form of government being restored, four years after, by a 
general proclamation of king James II. in his 4th year. 

Bat as soon as Queen jinne came to the crown, the corporation 
was as anxious to change their bailiffs, for a mayor. Sic. as they had 
been before violent in opposing it. A committee of nine persons was^ 
therefore, appointed, ** To consider of methods to be used for peti* 
" tioning the queen's majesty for a new charter to be granted by her 
'' majesty, to create and erect this corporation a body politique and 
^ corpoiate, by the name of mayor, aldermen, burgesses, and com* 
" monalty, in lieu of the present name of incorporation, with a grant 
*^ of all the ancient and present customs, prescriptions, righto and 
^' privileges, to this bnrgh and corporation pertaining, and to propose 
'' such matters to be inserted in the new cnarter, as to them shall 
" seem meet*'' 

' By this new charier it was intended mon^cottocil floen ; a tword-bctrer and 
that there should be a mayor, a recorder, two Serjeants at mace, to go before tht 
twelve aldermen, and twenty four com* mayor, and other officen as before. 



After aevferal iMttmgi of thii oommiUee, they cmt to a retok-* 
tioD to present a pctitioD to the qoeen ; which being fNrepared^ and 
agreed to^ was acoordingly presented, .wd was as folbws t 

<' To the €tM$ri$ wmt ExeeUeni Mttjetijf. 

'' The humble petition of your Majesty's loyal and dntirul subjects' 
'' the bailifTs, aldermen, burgesses, and commonalt}^ of the borgh of 
'' Great Yarmouth^ in the county of Norfolk, comprizing therein the 
'^ said town of Grea^ Yarmouth, and tne town of Souihstone, alias 
^' LittU Yarmouth, in the county of Suffolk, 

^ Most humbly shewethi 

^' That the government of the said corporation hath always been 

^ subject to several inconveniences, through defect in their cnarters, 

^* and that there are not resident in the said bur^h, persons of suffix 

*' cient ability, qualified by law, to support their present constitu- 

'' tion, consisting of two bailiffs, two and twenty other aldermen, and 

'^ eight and forty common-counciNmen ; and that by reason of the 

^ great charges of the government, and the avocations thereby firom 

^ tneir private affairs, not only considerable persons, intituled to 

'^ freedom in the said burgh, refuse to be admitted thereto, but also 

^ divers late aldermen, and common*council-men, (otherwise well 

'' affected to your Majesty by your government) have designedly in* 

^ capacitated themselves for holding their said offices, whose places 

^ cannot be supplied by persons of ability and legal qualifications, to 

''the prejudice and interruption of the government of the siud burgh, 

'^Your petitioners, therefore, most humbly beseech, that your sacred 

'' Majesty will graciously vouchsafe to create the said towns, by 

'' your Majesty's charter, a body politique and corporate, by the 

^ name of mayor, aldermen, burgesses, and commonalty of ^Ae 

'' burgh of Great Yarmouth, in the county of Norfolk, in lieu of our 

'' present name of incorporation ; and to consist of eighteen alder- 

^ men, and six and thirty common-council-men, with aconfirmation 

'' of our present and ancient riehls, and privileges, as to your M»- 

'' jesty in your great wisdom, shall seem meet. 

Upon the reception of this petition, the queen referred the matler, 
by an order of council, dated at St, Jama's the Srd o( December 1702» 
to Mr. Attorney General, and Mr.' SoUcUor General, to examine the 
xnatter of the said petition, and to report to the council the lesolt of 
their examination, together with their opinion thereon^ 

Accordingly the committee attended the attorney and solicitor ge« 
lieral, who, on a due representation of the matter, agreed that a new 
charter shoidd be made out, apon certain beads, the propriety of 
ivbich being admitted by the said committee, they were fomMlly 
fteltled, and prodaeed the following charter, which, as it eataUisbed 
Ihe form of governi&ent at this time existiog» we shall give the feeder 
at large. 


n$ Charttrfor ^naiUift the Burgk afOreat Tarmauih in Norfolk, 
midtlu Tomn oflMtU Yarmauih, m Sif^cik, a body politic and cor* 
poraie, by the name of Mayor, Aidenneii, Borgeises, and Com- 
moaaliy of the Bargh of Orcai YarmnUhi 

JmfCf bjr the grace of Ood, of England^ Scotkuid,^rance and 
^ Ireland, Qaeen, defimder of the faith, &c. To all to whom these oar 
^ preaeDt letters shall oome greeting. 

^ Whereas onr late most dearly beloved uncle, Kine Charle$ 11. by 

* his letters patent made under his great seal of &0land, bearing 
^date at Wttimnti^r the 8th day of January, in the fifteen th year of 
** his reign, for himself, his heirs, and executors, ordained constituted, 
** and confirmed, that hb burgh of Great Yarmouth, in his county of 

* Norfolk, should be, and remain from thence for ever, a free burgh 
^ of itself, ^nd that the bailiflfs, burgesses, and commonalty of we 
'' burgh aforesaid, and their successors from thenceforth for ever, 
** should be and remain, by force of the aforetoid letters patent, one 
^ body corporate, and politic, in matter, fact, and name, by the name 
^ of baUiffk, aldermen, burgeuet, and commonalty of the burgh of 
** Great Yarmouth, in the county of Norfolk ; and them and their 
^' successors by the name of bailifis, aldermen, burgesses, and com* 
^ monalty of the burgh of Great Yarmouth, in the county of Nor^ 
^folky one body corporate and politic, in matter, fact, and name, 
'^ really and perfectly, for himself, his heirs and successors, erected, 
^ made, ordamed, constituted, declared, and confirmed, by the letters 
^ patent aforesaid, and that by the same name they should have 
*^ perpetual sucoessionj^ 

'^ And further did ffrant to the aforesaid bailiffs, aldermen, burges- 
^ sea, and commonality of the burgh aforesaid, and their successors, 
^ that from thenceferth for ever afterwards, there should be and 
^ remain in the burgh aforesaid twenty four good ^nd discreet men 
*' who should be andshould be called ahlermen of the said burgh, and 
** should be of the common-council of the same burgh. 

^' And further did nominate and confirm two men, in the aforesaid 
** letters patent nominated, to be and remain bailifis of (he same 
*' burgh; and did also Dominate and confirm forty eight men, in the 
^ same letters patent nominated, to be and remain of the common 
^ Gooocil of the same burghs as by the aforesaid letters patent, and by 
^ divers others letters patent (amongst several liberties, grants, privi- 
^ leges, powers, and anthcNrrties) in the same letters patent respectively 
^ granted and mentioned is more fully, manifest, and doth appear. 

^^ And whereas the afcvesaid late king Charles 11. by bis letters 
^ Patent, under his great seal of England madeV bearing date at 
^ nettmiimier the 10th day of February, in the twentieth year of bis 
^' leign, for himself, his heirs, and successors, united and incorporated,. 
^ the men and inhabitants of Littk Yarmouth, being near Great 
*' Yarmouth aforesaid, to and with the aforesaid bailifis, aldermen, 
^ borgesses, and commonalty of the, same buigh of Great Yarmouth 
^ aforesaid, to and with the aforesaid incorporation of that bargh ; 
^ add wiHed, and by the same letters patent, for himself, his heirs, 
*t Md successors, granted aad ordaiaed, that the men and inhatntants 


'' of Little Yarmouth aforesaid, then, and for the time bein^» to an<l 
" with the bailiflFs, aldermen, bargesses and commonalty of tnebargfi 
*^ of Great Yarmouth aforesaid, then and for the time being ; and 
'* the same bailifis, aldermen, burgesses and coniilionaUy of the same 
*' burgh, then, and for the time being, to and with the said men and 
'< inhabitants of Little Yarmouth, then, and for the time being, 
^< should be firmly united, and from thenceforth afterwards shonid 
'^ be and ramain one body corporate and politic, according to' the 
*^ true intention of an act of parliament in the same letters patent 
^* mentioned, and of the provision in the same act mentioned. 

*' And further, for himself, his heirs^ and successors, willed, or- 
'^ dained, constituted, granted and. confirmed, that the bailifis, alder« 
'* men, burgesses, and commonalty, of the bureh of Great Yarmouth 
'' aforesaid, und the men and inhabitants of Litue Yarmouth aforesaid, 
'^ in form aforesaid, united, and their successors, from thenceforth 
'< afterwards for ever, should be and remain, by.force of the aforesaid 
'' letters patent, one body corporiite and politic, in matter fact, and 
<' name, by the nameof bailifis, aldermen, burgesses and commonalty, 
'' of the burgh of Great Yarmouth in the county of Norfolk ;' and 
*^ them and their successors by the name of bailifis, aldermen, bnr- 
^' gesses and commonalty, of the burgh of Great Yarmouth, in the 
'^ county of Norfolk, one body corporate and politic, in matter, fact, 
'^ and name, really and fully, for himself, his heirs, and successors, 
^' erected, made, ordained, constituted, declared and confirmed^ by 
*' the same letters patent, as by the aforesaid letters patent last recited, 
^^ amongst other things in the same contained, is more fiiUy evident 
*^ and doth appear. 

*' And whereas the said bailifis, aldermen, burgesses and common* 
*' alty, of the burgh of Great Yarmouth in the county of Norfolk, 
*' have most humbly represented to us, that it will be to the profit and 
'' benefit and for the better government of the inhabitants of the bargh 
*< of Great Yarmouth, and the town of Little Yarmouth, if we should 
grant that there might hereafter be in the burgh aforesaid, one man 
who shall be, and shall be called the Mayor of the burgh afoiesail 
*^ in lieu of the said two bailifis of the burgh aforesaid : and further, 
*' that the inhabitants of the town and burgh aforesaid, might be by 
*' us incorporated by the name of mayor, aldermen, hurgenes and 
commonalty of the burgh rf Great Yarmouth, in the county ofNor^ 
folk ; also that the aforesaid number of twenty four aldermen, of 
'* the burgh aforesaid, may be reduced to the number of eighteen only, 
'' as soon as by death, or the removal of any of the present aldermen 
** of the same burgh, eighteen only of the same shall be surviving, or 
'^ remaining in the office of aldermen of the burgh aforesaid; and 
<' further, that in the very like manner, the aforesaid number offorty 
'' eight of the common-council of the same burgh, be reduced to the 
'^ number of thirty six only, as soon as any twelve of them shall die, 
'' or be removed from the office of common-council aforesaid ; and 
'^ also, that all other alterations, additions, powers and authorities, might 
^' be as are afterward in these presents granted, made^ and declared. 

"Now know ye, that we, graciously afiecting the better of our 
** burgh of Great Jememouth, otherwise Jememutha, otherwise Yar^ 
'' mouth, in our county of Norfolk, an4 the town or bureh of LUtte 
*^ Jememouth, otberwue Jememutha^ otherwue Yarmouik, otbenriM 


Y A R M O T H. 311 

^ South'iimn, in our county of Suffolk, and willing that from .hence- 
^^ forth for ever, there may be had one certain and undoubted manner • 
*' in that burgh, of and for the keeping of qnr peace, and the eood 
''^ ruleof goYemment of the burgh aforesaid, and our petiple there 
*' dwelling, and others thither resorting, and the said burgh and town, 
'' in all times to oome, may be and remain a burgh of peace and 
'' traniquiility, to the fear and terror of the evil, and the reward of the 
^'good; and that our peace, and other acts of justice and good 
*' government, may be there better kept and done ; and hoping, that 
'' if the said inhabitants of the burgh aforesaid, can enjoy more 
** ample Hberties and privileges by our grant, then they may think 
^^ themselves more speedily and strongly obliged to perform and 
''exhibit to us, out heirs and successors, what services they can, of 
''our special grace, and of our certain knowledge, and mere notion 
'' have ordained, constituted, granted and declared, and by these 
*' presents, for us, our heirs, and successors, do ordain, constitute, 
" grant and declare, that our said burgh of Great Jernemouth, other-. 
^' wise Jernemvtha, otherwise Yarmouth^ in our county of Norfolk 
" aforesaid ; also the town or burgh of Utile JernemotUh, otherwise 
" Jememutha, otherwise Yarmouth, otherwise South-town, in our 
^' county of Stigff'olk aforesaid, may be and remain, hereafter for ever, 
" a free burgh of itself, and that the inhabitants of the burgh of Great 
'* -Jtmemouth, otherwise Jememutha, otherwise Yarmouth, and of the 
'^ town or bat^of Little J ernemouth, otherwise Jernemutha, otherwise 
'' Yarmouth, otherwise South-town aforesaid, hereafter for ever may 
*^ and shall be, by force of 'these -presents^ one body corporate ^nd 
'** politic, in matter, fact, and name, by the name of the mayor, alder-^ 
*^men, burgetees and commonalty of the burgh of Great Yarmouth, in 
" the county ofNorfolki and them, and their successors, by the name 
*^ of maycN', aldermen, burgesses and commonalty, of the burgh of 
^ Great Yarmouth, in the county of Norfolk; one body corporate and 
" politic, in matter, fact, «nd name, reaHy and fully, for us, our heii-s 
^' and successors, we do erect, make, ordain, constitute and declare, 
" by these presents, and that by the same name, they have perpetual 
succession, and that they and their successors by the name of the 
mayor, aldermen, burgesses and commonalty, of the burgh of Great 
" Yarmouth, in the county of Norfolk, may and shall be, at all times 
" hereafter, persons able and capable in law, to have, purchase, re« 
" eeive and possess manors, messoaees, lands, tenements, liberties, 
" privileges, rights, jurisdictions and hereditaments whatsoever, to 
^' them and their successors in fee and perpetuity, for term of lifeu lives^ 
^ or years, or otherwise, in what lawful manner soever ; and also goods 
'' and chattels, and all other things, of what kind, nature, species, or 
** Quality soever they shall be ; also to give, grant, demise, and assign, 
'' tne same manors, messuages, lands, tenements, hereditaments, goods 
^' and chattels, «nd to do and execute all other acts and things by 
^ the name aforesaid; 

** And that by the name of mayor, aldermen, burgesses and corn- 
^ monally of the bui^h of Great Yarmouth, in the county of Norfolk, 
^ they may and can plead, and be impleaded, answer and be answered, 
^' defend and be defended, in what courts or places soever, and before 
^ what judges and justices, and other persons and officers soever, of 
^ Q0i ottr heirv ^ bucceNon^ in all and lingular actions, plea^ suits. 



''4>laiatt, ciaies, matters and demandi wbalaoaver, of what kiod^ 
^' natore or species soever they may be» in the staie mamier and form 
^ as aoy, oar Jiege people of this oar kingdom of Englamd^ peraom 
^ able aad capable in law, or aoy other tody corporate and politic, 
** within this our kingdom of England^ may and can have, porcbase, 
'^ receive, possess, give, grant and demise, and plead and be impleaded, 
^* answer and be answered, defend and be defended ; and that the 
^ mayor, aldermen, burgesses and commonalty of the bargh aforeaaid, 
** and their snccessors, may have for ever a common seal, lo serve ibr 
^' the causes and business whatsoever of them and their successors to 
^ be done, and that it may and shall well be lawful for the major, 
^ aldermen, buiigessess, and commonalty of the burgh aforesaid^ and 
^' their successors, the said seal at their pleasure, from time to dme^ 
^ to break, change and new make, as to them it shall seem best to 
^' be done and to be* 

^' And further we will, and by these presents, for as, oor hetfs, and 
*^ soccessors, do grant and ordain, that irom henceforth for ever, there 
«< may and shall oe in the burgh aforesaid, one of the best and most 
'' discreet aldermen of the said burgh, for the Ume being, to be elected 
'^ and constituted, in form hereafter in these presents mentiooed, ia 
'' place of the bailifis of the burgh aforesaid, who shall be^ aad shall 
** be nominated, the iiui^r of the burgh aforesaid ; and for the better 
'' execution of our will m thb behalf, we have assigned, noroiaated, 
«' constituted and made, and by these presents, for us, oor hdrs and 
** suocesaors, do assign, nominate, constitute and make, ooir beloved 
^ Bemamin Engk, Esq. to be and remain the first, and modem mayor 
^ of the bur^ aforesaid, willing that the same JBemomm Emfle shall 
" continue in the office of mayor of the borgh aroicsaid, mm the 
^ date of these presents, until the feast of St Michael the archangel 
** next ensuing, and from thenceforth nntil one other of the aldenaea 
^' of the burgh aforesaid, shall in doe manner be ejected, preened, 
^' and sworn to that office, according to the ordinances aad oooatitn- 
'' tiona hereafter in these prints declared, if the same Benfamm 
** Engle shall so long live. 

** And further wt will, and by these presents, for us, our heira and 
^' successors, do ^rant to the aforesaid mayor, aldermen, borgesaeaaiid 
"tc commonalty o^ the burgh aforesaid, and their successors, that eveiy 
** mayor of the borgh aforesaid, hereafter to be elected, nominalfd, 
^' or constituted, from time to time, and at all times hereafter, ihidl 
^ be annually elected and nominated out of the aldermen of the boigh 
'< aforesaid, for the time being, b^ such persons, at such days aad times, 
<< and in such manner, as the hailift or the same burgh, before tUs, 
*^ were elected, nominated and constituted ; and that the aforesaid 

Benjamin Eagle, and every mayor of the said bur^, for the time 

being, from hencefortkfor«ver, may have^ hold, enjoy and exerdse, 
^ and may and can have, hold, enjoy and exercise, so many, so great, 
'' such, the same, such like, and the very like courts, powers, privwBges, 
'' authorities, fees, rights, jurisdictions, perquisites and profits, t^all 
** intents and purposes whatsoever, as^ and whioh Ibe baiHA of the 
** said burgh jointly and severally heretofoia^ in aar maaner, have 
'' had, holden, eiyoyed or exercised, or coald or oagat to have, hold, 
^' enjoy or exercise. 

^' Aiid further we wfll^ wd bj iheie fiMMts^ for us, om: heiia and 





^ sQceettonii' of oor special graoe and of our certain knowledge and 
^ mere motion, do grant to the mayor, aldermen, burgesses and com* 

ttooalty, of the borgh aforesaid, and their successors, that as' soon 
^'as the aforesaid number of twenty four aldermen of the bursh 
^ aforesaid shall be reduced to the number of eighletn only, by deaui, 
^' resignation, removal, or otherwise, there may apd shall be, ixotsx 
^ ^' thenceforth for ever afterwards, within the burgh aforesaid, eigh- 
'* teen good and discreet men only, who shall be, and shall be called 
'' aUermen of the burgh aforesaidf, and no more, and who shall be of 
" the common-council of the said burgh. 

** Moreover we. will, and by these presents, for us, our heirs and 
^ successors, do grant to the mayor, aldermen, burgesses and com* 
^ monalty, of the burgh aforesaidf, and their successors, that as sooa 
'' as the aforesaid number ofjorty and eight common-council men of 
** the burgh aforesaid, shall be reduced to the number of thirty-ux 
''only, by death, resignation, removal or otherwise, there may and 
** shall be, from thenceforth afterwards, for ever, within the burgh 
** aforesaid, thirty six only, of the better and more discreet burgessea 
^ of the burgh aforesaid, for the time beio^, and no more, who shall 
'' be, and shall be called the common^couneU men, of that bargb, and 
*' shall be of the common-council of that burgh, besides the said 
'' mayor and aldermen of the burgh aforesaid, for the time being. 

'' We will also, and by these presents for us, our heirs and.succes- 
** 90TS, do grant to the mayor, aldermen, burgesses and Commonalty 
'' of the burgh aforesaid, and their successors, that he^peforth for 
'' ever, there may and shall be, within the burgh aforesaid, one good 
'' and discreet man, learned in the laws of England, and who hath 
*' been a barrister by the space of five years, who shall be, and shall 
'' be called the sulhstewara of the burgh aforesaid, and for the better 
'' execution of our will in this behalf, we have assigned, nominated, 
" constituted and made, our beloved aod faithful subject Francu 
'' Long, Esq. to be and remain the first and modern sub-steward of 
" the burgh aforesaid, and in the same o^ce to be continued as long 
" as he shall behave himself well in the execution thereof. 

'' We will also^ and by these presents, for us, our heirs and succea* 
'' sors, do grant to the mayor, aldermen, burgesses and commonaltjr 
*' of the burfi;li aforesaid, and their successors, that if it shall happen 
^ that the aforesaid Benjamin Engle, above by these presents, nomi- 
*' nated to be the mayor of the burffh aforesaid, or any other future 
** mayor of the burgh aforesaid, for the time being, die or be removed 
'' froni that office,.during the time of his mayoralty, or if it should 
** happen that any election of the mayor of the burgh afore9aid here* 
^ after be frustrated, for the incapacity or renunciation of him* who 
** shall be elected to the office of mayor of the burgh aforesaid, or for 
'' any other cause whatsoever, that then, and so often as the case 
'' shall so happen, it may and shall be lawful for the senior alderman 
'' of the burgh aforesaid, or in his absence or refusal, for any other of 
'' the aldermen of the burgh aforesaid, for the time being, who at 
'' that time shall be a justice for the peace of the burgh dPoresaid, 
. ^ and therefore capable immediately to call a common-council of the 
^ burgh aforesaid, notice thereof, by the space of three days, being 
*' first given to all the common council within the same burgh then 
^ reaideDty nod to prMi^to the election of one of the aldermen of 

▼oi.. »• ' S 8 



** the same bnrgb, into the office of mayor of the borgh aforesaid^ as' 
'^ is aforesaid. 

'' And farther we will, and by these presents, for tis> our heirs aad 
« successors, do grant to the mayor, aldermen, bargesses, and com- 
^' monalty, of the burgh aforesaid, and their saccessors, that ao ofken' 
'* as, and whensoever it shall happen, that any high steward, ve- 
'^ aorder, or sab*steward, of the burgh aforesaid, for the time bei^, 
" die, or from his or their office or offices be removed, or relinquiab, 
'' that then, and in every such case, other fit person or persons, fnom' 
'' time to time, to and in that office respectively shall in due manner 
^ be elected by the mayor, aldermen and common-council men of 
*^ fhe borgh. aforesaid, ior the fine being, in common-council assem- 
^ bled, or by the greater part of the same so assembled ; and flbatl 
^ respectively exercise and enjoy their offices, to which they have 
" been so respectively elected, so long as they shall well behave them- 
^ selves respectively in the execution thereof* 

^' And farther wte will, and by these presents, for us, our heirs said 
^ successors, do grant to the mayor, aldermen, burgesses and com- 
*^ monalty, of the burgh aforesaid, and their successors, that the con- 
" stitution, election and nomination of all other officers and ministers 
^ whomsoever, in th^ burgh aforesaid, eligible to be nomintited and 
'' elected, from time to time, and at all times hereafter, may be, shall 
''be, and shall be made, in the same manner and form, and by such 
'^ persons, as it heretofore has been used and accustomed within the 
'' Durgh afaresaid. 

^ And further, that the mayor, by these presents nominated, and 
** constituted, and every Aiture mayor of the borgh aforesaid, for the 
*' time bein^, may have, hold ana enjoy, in all elections of officers, 
''justices ofpeace, and ministers of the burgh aforesaid, hereafter to 
^' be elected and nominated, and in all courts within the burgh afore- 
" said so many, such, and all, and such like suffrages, powers, authd- 
^ rities and privileges, as and which the late bailiflii of the burgh 
" aforesaid, ever lawfully have had, exercised or enjoyed, or ought or 
" could have, exercise, or enjoy* 

" And whereas, the late King Henry VII. by his letters patent, 
^ under his great seal of Eneland mtfde, bearing date at ffesfmtiu/er, 
'" the lOthoay of May /in the ninth year of his reign, among other 
^' things, granted for him and his heirs, to the bailiffs and burgesses 
of the burgh aforesaid and town of Great Yarmouth, and their suc- 
cessors, that the bailiffii of the burgh aforesaid, for the time bein^ 
might elect to themselves every year, in the feast of St. Michael the 
" arcnangel, for ever, two learned in the law, and four burgesses of 
'' the same burgh, and that the said bailiffs for the time being, the 
" aforesaid learned in the law, and the aforesaid four burgesses, so 
" by the same bailiffs, for the time being, to be elected bereafler, 
" for the year from thence next ensuing, should be for ever, jointly 
" and severally, keeper^ of the peace of the same late king, and bis 
" heirs ; and that they six, five, four, three, or two of them (of whom 
a learned in the law should be one) shall execute all things which 
belong to a justice of peace, arising, to be enquired, heard, and de* 
" teimined, within the precinct of the bur^h, or town iLforesaid, hi as 
" ample manner and form as other justices of the peace, in 4py 
'* county in the Kisgdom of Sngfmd, had powers or have been 





'^ cmUMOied to do^ or had, or have been th^ir cbi^y to do, as by the 
'^ same letters patent, aaioogst other ihingSy it does more fblty appear. 

^ Aad whereas the late Qaeen EHzabeth^ by her letters patent!^ 
^ under her ^preat seal of Et^buui, bearing date at fVcsiminster, the 
'' £6th day ot May, in the first year of her reign^ willed^ and for her, 
*^ her heirs and successors, as mach as in her was^ granted to the 
'' aforesaid baili£Fs, bareesses and commonalty of the burgh and town 
'* of Great Yarmouth aroresaid, and their svccessors, that as often as 
^' and whensoeTer it khoidd happen, at any time from thence after- 
^' wards^ that either of the aforesaid learned in the law, who shall be 
'' elected a justice of the peace of the same Queen, her heirs^and sac- 
'' cessors, within the burgh and town aforesaid, and the liberties and 
'' precincts of the same, die, during the time wherein he should be a 
''justice of the peace, that then and. so often it should be well and 
** lawful for the bailifis of the same town for the time being, from 
'' hence, from time to time for ever, as and when it should please and 
** seem expedient to them, immediately after such casualty of death, 
'' to nominate and elect to themselyes, another learned in the law, to 
'' be and remain a justice of the peace of the said Queen, her beirl 
'* and successors, in the place of him so dying. 

'' And further willed, and by the same letters patent, for herself, 
'^ her heirs and sucdessors, granted to the aforesaid bailifls, boigesses 
" and commonalt? of the town aforesaid, that as often as, and when- 
'^ ever it should happen, at auT time from thence, that any of the 
'' aforesaid foor burgesses, by the' aforesaid bailiffs, to be elected a 
''justice of the peace, of her, her heirs and successors, within the 
** burgh and town aforesaid^ die, daring the time wherein he should 
" be a justice of the peace, that then and so often as it should well be 
'* lawful for the bailiffs of the same burgh, for the time being, from 
'' thence, from time to time for ever, as, and when it should please 
'' aad seem expedient to them to nominate and elect to themselves 
'' one and more of the burgesses then inhabitants of the' same burgh, 
^ and then being burgesses of that burgh, or town, to be and remain 
** a justice or justices of the peace within the burgh and town aforesaid* 

^ And further willed, and, by the same letters patent, granted to 
*' the aforesaid Nbailifis, burgesses and corinmonaity, and tbeir socces- 
^' sors^ that every person, so as is aforesaid to be elected, and nomi« 
-*' nated for a justice of the peace, within the burgh and town afore- 
*^ said, by the aforesaid bailiffs, from thence may and shall be a jus- 
^ tice of the peace, within the aforesaid burgh and town and the 
^' liberties and precincts of the same, until the feast of St. Michad 
^ the Archangel then next ensuing, in manner and form above ex* 
^' pressed and mentioned, as by the same letters piient, amongst other 
*' things in the same contained, is more fully manifest aoid doth appear. 

^ Know ve now, that we, for the better government of the inbabi- 
'^ tants of the bargh and town aforesaid, bv these presents incorpo- 
'' rated, and that our peace and other acts or justice, within the burgh 
'' and town aforesaid, may be the better kept and done, of our 
*^ mofe abundant special grace, and of our certain knowledge and 
'' mere motion have granted, and bv these presents, for us, our heirs 
'^ and successors, do grant to the aforesaid mavor, aldermen, barges- 
*^ ses and commonalty of the burgh aforesaid, and their successors, 
'' that in the places of the aforesaid jtt^tices, the aforesaid BtnQomin 




'' Engle, and etery mayor of the burgh aforesaid^ at his entrance into 
^' that office^ arid daring his mayoralty, and from thence during the 
'^ time wherein he afterwards shall be alderman of the burgh aforesaid, 
*' also the high steward^ recorder^ sa6-steward of the burgh aforesaid, 
*^ now, and ror the time being, during their continuance in their afore^ 
<' said respective offices, also Benjamin England, Peter CauHer^ &!• 
*< muel Fuller^ Nathaniel Svmonds, Thonuu Godfrey, Anthony EUys 
^' Senior, and Gabriel Ward, Esqrs. (now the seven senior alder men 
^' of the burgh aforesaid) as long as they shall continue respectively 
** in the said office of aldermen of the burgh aforesaid, hereafter for 
'' ever, may and shall be, and every of them, may and shall be a juff- 
'' tice and justices of us, our heirs and successors, to conserve and keep 
" and caused to be conserved and kept, the peace of us, our heirs and 
" successors, within the burgh and town aforesaid, incorporated as it 
'^ aforesaid, and the limits and precincts thereof, and to keep and 
'^ cause to be kept, all the statutes, ordinances, and institutes made 
'^ for the good of our peace, and the government of the people of us^ 
*^ our heirs and successors, in all their articles, in the burgh aforesaid, 
'' the liberties abd precincts thereof, by the justices of the peace of us, 
''our heirs and successors, to be done according to the force, 'form, 
" and effect of the same, and to chastise and punish all those whom, 
" against the form of the said ordinances and statutes, or any of them, 
in the burgh aforesaid, the liberties and precincts thereof, they shaH 
find offending as according to the form of the said ordinances and 
^ statutes, shall be to be done : and to cause all them to come before 
^ them, who shall threaten any of the people of us, our heirs and sue* 
" cessors, concerning their bodies, or the burning of their bouses, or 
'' find sufficient- security of the peace, and %heir good behaviour 
" towards us, and the people of us, our heirs and successors ; and if 
" such security they shall refuse, then to cause tbem to be safely kept 
" in the prison of us, our heirs and successors, within the burgh afim- 
" said, until such security they shall find. 

" And besides, that the aforesaid justices, by these presents nomi^ 
" nated and constituted, or any three or more of -them (of whom we 
" will that any two, the major, recorder, sub-steward and deputy of 
" the mayor of the burgh aforesaid, for the time being, be two: and 
" of those two we will that the said mayor, or deputy mayor of the 
burgh aforesaid, for the time being, be One) from henceforth her«^ 
% * " after for ever, shall be justices of us, our heirs and successors, to en^ 

" quire, by the oath of good and lawful men of the burgh aforesaid, 
" the liberties and precincts thereof, by whom the truth of th^ matter 
" may be better known, of all, and all manner of felonies, trespasser, 
" forestalling, legratings, extortions, and pther misdeeds, within the 
" burgh and town aforesaid, the limits and precincts thereof, as weH 
" upon the haven and waters, as upon the land, within the burgb, town, 
" and liberties and precincts aforesaid, by whomsoever^ and in what 
" manner soeverdone or perpetrated, and which there from thiatime 
" shall happen to be done : and also of all .and singular other deeds 
" and things within the burgh and town aforesaid, the liberties and 
'' precincts thereof, after what manner soever done, attempted or per^ 
' petrated, or which shall hereafter happen there to be done, atiempted> 
or perpetrated; and also, to enquire, hear, and determine, all and 
." all manner 9f'ielonies, trespasses and misdeeds whatsoever^ and aU 






** matten^ idaiDts, defaults^ causes and other thiogs wbatsoever^ within 
^* the bargh aforesaid, the liberties and precincts thereof, heretofore 
^* or hereafter done, attempted, committed, arising or happening, as 
'* fiilly freely and wholly, as the keepers of the peace of us, bur 
^ heirs and successors, to conserve the peace in any county of our 
'' kingdom of England; and also to hear and determine diverse felo- 
** nies, trespasses and other misdeeds, in an v county of England per- 
'' petrated : of such felonies, trespasses, and misdeeds, and other the 
*' premises, in any county of the lungdom of England of us, our heirs 
^' and successors, by virtue of the ordinances ancTstatutes before these 
^' times made, or assigned, or to be made or assigned, according to the 
'^ force, form and effect of the letters patent of us, or our predecessorS| 
~ to them thereof made and to be made, it ought, useth, and shall be 
doe to enquire, and to discuss and determine, all and singular other 
the premises whatsoever, within the burgh, town, limits and precincts 
aforesaid, done, attempted/ or perpetrated, or from henceforth to be 
done, attempted, or perpetrated, wnich, by such keepers of the peace 
^ of us, our heirs and successors, assigned or to be assigned ; to bear 
** and determine such felonies, trespasses, and misdeeds, in any county 
f^ aforesaid, j>y virtue of the ordinances, and statutes aforesaid, and 
^* our letters patent aforesaid* ought and use, and shall be due to be 
*' discussed, and determined, by the said justices by these presents 
'' constituted, and the justices of the burgh aforesaid, for the time 
being, or any two of them, as ia aforesaid, shall be heard and^eter* 
mined, according to the law and custom of our kingdom of England^ 
^' and the form of the ordinances and statutes aforesaid. 

'' And further we will, and by these presents, for us, our heirs and 
successors, do grant to the mayor, aldermen, burgesses and colki- 
monalt^, of the bureh aforesaid, and their successors, that the 
'' aforesaid justices of tne burgh aforesaid » for the time being, or any 
^' two or more of them (of whom we will that the mayor, or recorder^ 
f^ or sub-steward, or deputy mayor of the burgh aforesaid, for the time 
'* being be one) may aqd shall have full power and authoritv to con* 
'< Yoke, hold, and adjourn from time to time, sessions of the peace 
f^ within the burgh aforesaid. 

• '' And further we will, and by these presents, for us, our heirs and 
" succesors, do charge and command, that all writs, precepts, and 
'' other warrants, for the premises aforesaid, and every of them, to be 
/' made, shall be directed to the ministers of the burgh aforesaid, and 
'' by them may be executed without any writ, precept, or warrant from 
'* the sheriff, coroner of our county of Norfolk, or our county of Suf* 
^'/blkf or either of them therefore in any wise to be directed. 
, *' And also we will and command, that the keepers of the peace of 
'' us,, our heirs and successors, and, such justices of us, our heirs and 
'^ successors, assigned, or to be assigned to hear, and determine such 
^' felonies, trespasses, and misdeeds, in the county of Norfolk, or Stff* 
'*Jolk aforesaia, done4>r perpetrated, te be done, or to be perpetrated, 
'' within the town or burgn ofUttle Jememoutk,oiheTw\9€'Yarmouth, 
^' the liberties and precincts thereof, to do any thing, which to the 
.^ keepers of the peace, or such justices there doth belong, shall not 
'* enter, nor anj^ of them shall enter, nor in any wise intermeddle, nor 
^' any of them intermeddle. 
. '' And further we wiU^ and by these presents^ for us, our heirs and 



^ sQcceMorBf do eonfirm and constitute, all and siagilar the modem 
*' officers, and miniBters of the bargh aforesaid, in their respectiie 
. '^ offices (the aforesaid late bailiffs and justices of our peace excepted) 
«< to be contihued in the same offices, according to tae use and cm- 
^' tom of the burgh aforesaid, and in as ample Bdanner and fonft, as if 
*' they in these presents, by their respectif e proper names, had been 
'* nominated, coustituted and confirmied, 

" And further we will, and by these presents, for us, our heirs and 
*f successors, do grant to the aforesaid mayor, aldermen, borgesses 
'' and commonalty of the burgh aforesaid, and their successors, that 
'^ it shall and may be lawful for the mayor of the burgh aforesaid, for 
*^ the time beine, or in case of absence, or siokness of ibe said mayor, 
'' il may and shall be lawful for the deputy nuiyor of the burgh 
** aforesaid, to summon and call together, tne aldermen and oooMon- 
*^ council men of the burgh aforesaid, for the time being, in the 
'' Guild-hall, or the Toithome^hali, or other place convenient within 
^ the burgh aforesaid, as in times past, within the said burgh it has 
*' been used ; which said mayor, or the deputy mayor, aldermen and 
** common-council men of the burgh aforesaid, for the time being, or 
^' the majoc part of them so assembled and gathered together (of 
*^ whom we will, that the mavor, or deputy mayor of the burgh afore- 
'' said, for the time being, be one) may and shall be for ever, the 
*^ common-council of the burgh aforesaid, and may and shall have 
^ wo many, so great, such, all, and the very like liberties, rights, jn- 
^ risdictions,. powers, authorities and privileges, as the comoaon- 
'^ council of the burgh aforesaid heretofore ever, in any manner, 
*' lawfully have had, exercised, or enjoyed, or could or ought to have, 
** enjoy, or exercise, as well as to constitute, ordain, make, and esta- 
*^ blibh laws, statutes, constitutions and ordinances, as otberwiae, or 
^* in any manner whsitsoever. 

''We will also, that the aforesaid Bergamin Engky above in these 
'' presents nominated to be the first and modem mayor of the burgh 
" aforesaid, before he be admitted to execute the office of mayor, 
** and trust of a justice of the peace of the burgh aforesaid, shall lake 
'' a corporal oath, to execute that office, in and by all things well 
'' and faithfully ; also the oath by the laws and statutes of this our 
** Kingdom of JEng/aifil, bv justices of the peace required to be taken 
^' before the aforesaid ittyamin tlmtland, Peter CaulieTf Samuel 
*^ Fuller, Nat/ianiel Symonds, Thomas Uodfrey, Anthony Elfys senior, 
** and Gabriel Ward^ or any two or more of them, to which said per* 
^' sons, or any two or more of them, we do give and grant full power 
'^ and authority, by these presents, of giving and administering, such 
** oaths to the aforesaid Benjamin Engle, without anyother warrant, 
^ from us, our heirs or successors, in that behalf to be procured* or 
^ obtained 

And further we will, and by these presents, for us, our heirs and 

successors, do grant to the aforesaid mayor, aldermen, borgecaes 
'' and commonaliv of the burgh aforesaid, and their successors, that 
'' it may and shall be lawful for the mayor of the burgh aforesaid, for 
'' the time being, at his pleasure to elect, make and constitute, from 
'^ time to time, one of the aldermen, then being a justice for the peace 
'' within the* burgh aforesaid, to be and remain a depui? of the said 
«f mayor of the burgh aforesaid^ for the time being,^ which deputy 



^ may and shall have futl power ahd aathority, to summon a com- 
^' mon-cooncil of the burgh aforesaid, from time to lime, also to do 
*' and execute all and singular other things, which to the office of 
*^ the mayor of the burgh aforesaid, do, or ought to^ belong, during 
^' the absence or sickness of the mayor of the burgh aforesaid, for the 
'' time beio^, as fully, freely, and wholly, as the mayoc of the burgh 
** aforesaid, if he were present, may and can do and execute. 

*' Provided always, and we will that the said deputy mayor of the 
^ burgh aforesaid, shall take a corporal oath before the mayor of the 
'' burgh aforesaid, for the time being, well and faithfully to execute 
^' the office aforesaid,, before he intermeddle in the office of deputy 
mayor of the bnt^h aforesaid, &nd so often as the case shall so n^- 
pen ; to which said mayor of the burgh aforesaid, for the time 
beingi we do, by these presents, give and grant full power and au* 
'' tbority of giving and administering such oaths. 

'' We will also, and by these presenu, for us, our heirs and succes* 
^* sors, do command and ordain to all and singular the persons afore- 
^' said, who before in these presents, are nominated and constituted 
^'justices of the peace of the burgh aforesaid, before they, or any of 
^ them be admitted to execute the trust of a justice of the peace 
^'within the burgh aforesaid, shall take and every of ihem shall take 
^ their corporal oaths in that behalf by the laws of the statutes of this 
^ our Kingdom of England provided, required to be taken byjusticea 
^ of the peace, before the aforesaid Befijamin Ensle, by these pre- 
^ tents constituted mayor of the burgh aforesaid, or his deputy 
*' mayor ; to which said Senfamin Engle, or his deputy mayor, for 
^ the time being, we do give and grant, by these presents, full power 
^ and authority of requiring, giving, and administering such oaths to 
^ the justices aforesaid. 

" And further we will, and by these presents, for us, our heirs and 
^'successors, do command and ordain, that the aforesaid FrancU 
^ Long, above in these presents nominated and constituted sub* 
^ steward in the burgh aforesaid, also every sub-steward of (he burgh 
^ afoiesaid hereafter to be elected, also every mayor of the burgh 
^ aforesaid hereafter to be elected, before they, or either of them oe 
^ admitted to the execution of their offices respectively, shall respec* 
^' tively take their corporal oaths upon the holy Evangelists of God^ 
^^ respectively to execute their offices aforesaid, before the justices. of 
^' the burgh aforesaid, for the time being, or any two or more of them^ 
^^'(df whom we will that the mayor of the burgh aforesaid, for the 
'^ time being, if he shall be living, and present in the burgh aforesaid^ 
'^ be one) to which said justices, or any two of them, as is aforesaijt 
'^ we do, for us, our heirs, and successors, give and ^rant, by these 
^' presents, full power and authority of giving and administering such 
•*' oaths. 

'' And furthermore, that all and singular other officers and minis* 
^' ters of the burgh aforesaid, hereafter to be elected, before they, or 
^' any of them t»e respectively admitted to the execution of their of- 
^ fices,.9hall take, and every of them shalltake their corporal oathi^ 
^' upon the holy Evangelists of God, well and faithfully to execute' 
-^ their offices respectively, before the mayor and justices of.the burgb 
'^aforesaid, for me time beiuff, or any two of themj to which majcur 
f and josticesy or any two of them^ as is aforesaid^ Mt do^ for us, ov 




heirf and tucceuorsj give and grant, hj these' presents, foil power 

and authority of giving and administenn^j^ soch oaths to all futore 
** officers and ministers of the bargh aforesaid, as is aforesaid. 

'^ And further we will, and by these presents, for ns, oar heirs and 
^ successors, do grant that it may and shall be lawful for every mayor 
" of the burgh aforesaid, for the time being, to elect and take to him- 
^^ self, from time to time, one officer, who snail be, and shall be called 
'* Ennfer^ in English, the Sword4fearer, of the burgh aforesaid, which 
'' said office cal&d the sword-bearer, one sword in a scabbard everr 
*' where within the burgh aforesaid, the liberties and precincts thereof, 
** before the mayor of the burgh aforesaid, or his deputy for the time 
*' being, shall carry and bear, and may and cati carry and bear^ and 
^ shall continue in his office, aforesaid, during the good pleasure of 

the mayor of the burgh aforesaid, for the time being. 

^' Moreover, we have given and granted, confirmed and ratified, 

and by these presents, for us, our heirs and successors, do give, 
*' grant, confirm and ratify, to the aforesaid mayor, aldermen, bor- 
^* gesses and commonalty of the burgh aforesaid, and their successors, 
^' all and singular so many, so great, such, the same, such like, and 
" the very like courts of record, and other courts, jurisdictions, lands, 
'* ten.ements> messuages, escheats, goods and chattels, deodands, trta^ 
^ sure'trovtf wrecks of the seR,flot8onJetson, legan, liberties privileges, 
" fraofthises, quittances, powers, authorities, immunities, customs, 
'* constitutions, court-leets, views of frank pUdge, fines, issues, amer- 
'' ciaments, recognizances, customs, murage, tronage, measorage, 
'* eroundage, saccage, anchorage, pierage, keyage, pilotase, 4frt<ige,bal* 
'' Tastage, profits, commodities, emoluments, forfeitures, Tairs, markets, 
" exemptions, rights and liberties, by land, sea, ports, and fresh rivers, 
'' approvements, goods, chattels, things, hereditaments, reversions, 
" remainders, interests, and demands, whatsoever, as and which the 
^* bailiffs, aldermen, burgesses and commonalty of the burgh afore* 
'' said, lately lawfully had, held, used, and enjoyed, or which any of 
** them, or their predecessors, by whatsoever name or names, or by 
'^ whatsoever incorporation, or by the pretext of what incorporation 
<« soever, before this time, have lawfully had, used, or enjoyed, or 
'' ought to have, hold, use, or enjoy, by reason or pretext of any 
'' charters, or letters patent, by any of our progenitors or ancestoriy 
" late Kings or Queens of England, by what lawful means soever, 
^* before this time granted, mmle, or confirmed, or by what other 
^' lawful means, right, title, use, custom, or prescription soever, here* 
*' tofore used, had, or accustomed, and which, in or by these presents, 
*' are not altered or changed, to have, hold and enjoy, to the aforesaid 
** mayor, aldermen, burgesses and commonalty of the burgh aforesaid, 
^' ancl their successors for ever. 

** Wherefore we will, and by these presents, for us, our heirs and 
** successors, firmly enjoining, do command that the mayor, alder- 
*^ men, burgesses and commonalty of the borgh aforesaid, and their 
^ successors, may have, hold, use, and enjoy, and may and can be 
^ able to have, hold, use, and enjoy, for ever, all the liberties, autho* 
^ rittes, jurisdictions, franchises, exemptions, and quittances aforesaid, 
'' and all and singula^ the premises, by these presents, as is aforesaidt 
'^ granted or confirmed, or mentioned, to be granted or confirmed^ 
«< according to the tenor and effect of these ov&tteia patent, without 


^ occasion or impediment of us^ our heirs and sacoessors, the justices, 
^' sheriffs, escheators, or other the bailiffs or ministers of us, our heirs, 
^' or successors, whomsoever, willing that the same mayor, aldermen, 
''. borgesses and commonalty of the burgh aforesaid, or any of them, 
'^ by reason of the premises^ or any of them, by us, our heirs and 8uc« 
'' cessors, the justices, sheriffs, or other the bailiffs or ministers of us, 
'' our heirs or successors, whomsoever, may not be thereof occasioned, 
'^ molested, grieved, or in any wise disturbed. 

^* Lastly we will, and by these presents, for us, our heirs and suc- 

'^ cessors, do grant to the aforesaid mayor, aldermen, burgesses and 

^ commonalty of the burgh aforesaid, and their successors, that these 

'' oar letters patent, and all and singular things in the same contained, 

^' from time to time, may and shall be good, sufficient valid, and 

^^ effectual in law, according, to the true intent of the same in all 

^' things, and shall be most beneficially and liberally expounded and 

^' construed by all things, for the greatest commodity, profit, and 

'' advantage of the said mayar, aldermen, burgesses ana commonalty 

^ of the burgh aforesaid, and their successors, notwithstanding in the 

^ not nominating, or not certainly or rightly nominating the afore- 

'' said premises, or any parcel thereof, in their proper natures, kinds, 

^< species, quantities, or qualities^ and notwithstanding, in the not re- 

^' citing, or not rightly fully, or certeinly reciting the charters and let- 

^' ters patent aforementioned, of our ancestors or progenitors, late 

'' kings or queens of Englandy or in the not nominating, or not truly 

'^ or badly nominating the several dates of the same several charters 

'' and letters patent, or the several articles or clauses in the same, oc 

'' in any of them, contained ; and notwithstanding in the not nomi- 

^' Dating or not reciting any other charters or letters patent of our 

'' ancestors, late kinss or queens of England, granted to the afore«. 

'^ said late bailiffs, aldermen, burgesses and commonalty of the burgh 

'' .aforesaid, or in the not nominating, or not truly or cerCainly nomi- 

'* sating the name or names of the body politic, and incorporation ot 

'' the town and burgh aforesaid, or either of them ; and notwith* 

^' standing, in the not nominating, or not confirming the modern 

" officers, or ministers of the burgh aforesaid, or any of them, by their 

** respective proper names or sirnames; or by any other defect, in* 

'* certitude, or other imperfection, in these presents, or any other 

** thing, cause, or matter whatsoever, notwithstanding. 

*' In witness whereof, we have caused these our letters to be made 
^'patent. Witness Myself, at Westminster, the eleventh day of 
** March, in the second year of our reign. 

'^ By writ of privy seal. 


^ The fine ofotir Lady the queen, in herhanaptr to be paid, is taxed 
'' at ten marks sterling. 

''N. WRIGHT, C. S," 

By this charter, as we have before observed, the town received its pre- 
sent form of government, the expenses in procuring which, amounted 
to four hundred and twelve pounds nine shillings and ten-pence. 

We shall conclude this chapter with an authentic list of the bailiffii 
and mayors of Yarmouth, from the 5ddof Henfy ill. (1269) to tbe 
present year, 1775^ 

TOL. XI. T t . 




Rbion of Hsnbt IIL 

A.D* A.R. 

1269 S3 Thomas de Horseye. Oliver Wyth, Thomas Thurkyld, Will, de la Mawe 

1270 54 Roger Tafeboty William Alleyn, Robert Thurkyld, Richard Randolf 

1271 5S William Gerbergh, John de Goaefordy Henry Alley n^ John Beneyt 
ia7a 56 lidemi, 


sa73 I John Beneyt, John Brumnan, Richard Randolf, William de Acle 

1 174 a lidem. 

>^75 3 William' de la Mawe, William Aleyn, John Beneyt, John Goseford 

ll^6 4 Rob. Vyth, Wil. Gerbergh, clerA, Richard de Beverle, Nich. Monctlf 

X277 5 WilUam de la Mawe, John Beneyt, John de Goseford-^Mree only I 

127! C lidem 

1279 7 lidem 

saSo 8 John Beneyt, Nicfaolat de Monesle, WilUam de Acle, Alexander Fasialf 

1281 9 William de la Mawe, John Beneyt, WiL Gerbergli, c/fri,.WHI. Faslolf 

J 282 10 Idem, Henry Randolf, John Fastolf, William Gerbergh, cUrkf 

1283 II Idem, William Gerbergh, John Fastolf, John Oerbergh 

1284 12 Nicholas de Monesle, Wil. de Diayton, John Wyth,* Richard deDnyton 
ia85 13 Alexander Fastolf, John Wyth, Henry Randolf, Stephen de Ho 

ia86 14 .» .. .i^ — ~. - 

1287 15 — ... — — 

2288 16 William Gerbcreh, John Wyh, Alexander Fastolf, Henry dela Mawe 

1289 17 *AIex. Fastolf, Richard de Beverle, John de Fordete, Henry de Drayton 

1290 f 8 William de Drayton, John Wyth, John Fastolf, Richard Randolf 

1291 19 Richard de Monesle, Alex. Fasti.lf, John de Fordele* Ihomas Fastolf 

2292 20 John Wyth, John Fastolf, John Gerberge, William de la Mawe 

2293 21 Alex, fastolf, Henry de Drayton, John de Foixlele, Henry de la Mawe 

2294 22 John Wyth, Thomas Clericus, Nicholas le Peter, William de Goseford 
s>95 23 Tho. Fastolf, Eustace Batalle, Laurence de Monesle, Wil de Carletoa 
X296 24 Alex. Fastolf, John de Fordele, William de la Mawe, WiiL Science 
1297 25 Robert Wyth, John Fastolf, John Rose» Henry 4e Drayton 

2298 i6 John Wythj Thomas Fastolf, John Alleyn, John de Fordele 

2299 27 Henry Rose, Hen. de Somerleton, cUrkj Step. He Go^^ford, N. Ashman 

2300 28 John Wyih, Henry de Drayton, Oliver de la Mawe, Robert de Fordele 

2301 29 Henry Rose, John de Fordele, Richard Randof, Eustace Batalle 

2302 30 Idem M l , William Fastolf, John Fastolf, senr. Robert de Beverk 

2303 31 William de la Mawe, Eustace Batalle, Nich. le Potter, Richard Fastolf 

2304 32 John Fastolf, senr. Richard Randolf, John de Fordele, William Science 

2305 33 Henry Rose, William Fastolf, Thomas Fasfolf, Roger Gavel 

1306 34 Idem ■ Henry de Drayton, William de Goseford, Rob. de Fordele 

Edwabd IL 


2307 2 H. Rose, R. Randolf, jun. Rob. de Fordele (or Rob. Elys de Fordele) 

Nicholas Ashman 
2)o8 2 John Fastolf, jun. John de Fordele, Eustace Batalle, Thomas Tastolf 
1309 3 Henry Rose, Henry de Drayton, Robert de Drayiun, Ro^ Gravel 

2310 4 Richard Randolf, Richard Fastolf, Wiil. le Potter, Roger de Thurnton 

2311 5 Eustace Batalle, Oliver de ia Mawe, Seman de la Sond, Wil. de Monesle 

23 12 6 Robert de Fordclf, R, Randolf, Rog. de Thurnton, John de Perebrowa 

2313 7 Idem Oliver de la Mawe, John Perebrown, Simon de Dlghton 

2314 t Will, de la Mawe, Rog. de Thurnton, Jeff de Drayton» Mat. de Redeham 

2315 9 Rob. de Fordele, Richard Randolf, Robert de Diayton, Seman atte Sond 
Xii6 10 Robert de Fordele, William 1 hurkeld, Parman Alberd, Robert Ashnan 

2317 II Idem, I Roger de Thurnton, John Perebrown, Alex. Faslolf 

2318 I a Henry Ros^ William de la Mawe| Roger de Gavd| Jolm de Ade 



13 3« 













A.D. A.R. 

13 19 13 Rog. de Gavely John Perebrown, Barth. de Thorp, Ansejem de Fordele 

1320 14 lidem 

1321 15 Robert de Draytoo, John Pertbrovrn, Step, do Catfield WiL de Lincoln 
132a 16 Rob de Fordele, Jett. de Drayton, Rob. Ashman, Rob. de Gtmingham 
^3^1 «7 Henry Rose, Roger de Gavel, Roger de Drayton, Anselm de Fordele 
«324 18 John Perebrown, Barth. de Thorp, AWx. Fastolf, Robert Ashman 

1325 19 Idem, I Edmund Gerberge, John de Aclei Farman Alberd 

1326 20 Rob. de Drayton, John Perebrown, Anselm de Fordele, Walt, atte Sond 

Edward III. 

Barth. de Thorp, John de Acle, Walter atte Sond, Robert Ashman 
John Perebrown, Rob. de Drayton, Step, de Catfield, Rob de Fordele 
Jeff, de Drayton, Steph. de Catfield, Barth. de Thorp, Walter atte Sond 
Robert de Drayton, John Perebrown, Alex. Fastolf, Rob. tie Fordele 
John Perebrown, Richard Fastolf, Walter atte Sond, John Chyld 
Idem, - Alexander Fastolf, Robert Elys, Thomas de Drayton 

Barth, de^horp, Anselm de Fordele, Wil. de Monesle, Hen. RandolF 
»3H * John Perebrown, Richard Fastolf Thomas de Drayton, Robert Elys 
*335 9 Alexander Fastolf, Thomas de Praytou, Walter atte Sond, John Elys 
133^ »o Jeffrey de Stalham, Nicholas Fastolt, Tho. de Drayton, Barth. de Thorp 

1337 II Walter otte Sond, Anselm de Fordele, Robert de St. Botolph, Rich, de 


1338 12 Barth. de Thorp, Walt, atte Sond, Richard de Beketon, Wil. d^Mott 

1339 «3 John Perebrown, Alex. Fastolf, Thomas de Drayton, Steph. de Catfield 

1340 14 Thomas de DrayfDn, Barth. de Thorp, Jeffrey de Stalham, Jeffrey^Trote 
i34t 15 Barth. de Thorp, Edmund Gerberge, Richard Latoner, Peter Cressy 
1342 16 lidem 

'343 17 lidem 

2344 t% Richard de Beketon, Edm. Gerberge, Richard Latoner, R. de Broxton 

'345 19 Jeffrey de Stalham, William Motte, Jeffrey Elys, Richard de Walsham 

234^ 20-R. de Beketon, Rog. de Broxton, Richard Latoner, R. de Wymondham 

S347 a I. Jeff. Elys, Jeff, ^e Stalham, Richard de Wramplyn^ham, John le Neve 

134S aa Richard de Beketon Robert Ashman, Simon de HaTle, Jeff, de Fordele 

1349 > 3 Idem I Rog. de Broxton, Jeffrey de Fordele, Thomas Cobatd 

^ZSO a4 Idem—— Jeffrey Elys, William Oxney, John Lawes 

I35< ^5 Pt^ter Cressy, Alexander de Beverle, Wm. de Fordele, John Kilham 

i35» a6 Jeff. Elys, Peter Cressy, Jeff, de Drayton, Jeffrey de Fordele 

'^53 >7 Alexander de Beverle, Tho. Cobald, Stalham, Johnde Thorp 

1354 aS Hugh Fastolf. William atte Mawe, John de Wytton, John Cok 

*35S *9 Tho. de Dra/ton, Peter Cressy, William atte Mawe, Step, de Stalham 

135^ 30 lidem 

1337 31 Peter Cressy, Jeffrey de Fordele, Steph. de Stalham, Robert Elys 

135$ 3a Alex, de Beverle, John de Drayton, John de Thorp, John de Kilham 

»359 33 Peter Cressy, Jeffrey de Fordolc, William Elys, John de Halle 

13^ 34 Hugh Fastolf, Stephen de Stalham, Robert Elys, Peter atte Fen 

1361 35 Idem Idem Idem, William de Halle. 

136a 36 Alex de Beverle, John de Halle, John de Halle, John de Beverle, John 

de Riston 
1363 37 Hugh Fastolf, John de Belaugh, Simon atte Gappe, Reginald Lawes 
136438 — — «. .— — — . 

1365 39 William Elys, John de Beverle, William Faderman, John de Reppes 
2366 40 Hugh Fastolf, Rob. Elys, William de Halle, Edmund Oudoljf 

1367 41 Idem, — Alexander de Beverle, John Wykes, John de Stalham 

1368 42 John de Beverle, Will, atte Gappe, ohn de Ristou John atte Fen 
X369 43 Simon atte Gappe, John de Reppes, Edmund Sylke, Warin Lucas 
1370 44 Alexander de Beverle, John de Halle, John dc;Stalham, Richard Spicer 
>37* 45 John de Beverle, Barth. Noggan, Regd. Lawes, Simon de Wroxham 
137a 46 Idem, — — — . William Elys, John de Drayton, John de Reppes 
'373 47 Hugh Fastolf, Simon atte Gappe, Johnde Stalham, John atte Fen 
1374 4S Hugh Fastolf, William Elys, John Reppes, Bdmuod Oudolf 

'375 49 Idem, ' Idem, John de Beverle, John de Reppes 

1376 50 William atte Gappe, Roger de Drayton, William Oxncye, John de Halle 


Richard II. 

1377 I Simon atte Gappe, John atte Pen, John Elys, Nicholas de Drayton 

J37S 2 William filyi, William Oxneye, Robert atte Gappe, William de Stalham 

1379 3 Wcro, ■ ■ Barth. Noggan, Roger de Drayton, Edmund Oudolf 

1380 4 Barth. Noggan, John de Reppes* Nicholas de Drayton, Peter Beneyt 
X381 5 John de Beverle, John Elys, William Ozneye, Robert atte Gappc 
X38a 6 Wrlliamatte Gappe, Edm. Oudolf, Will, de Stalham/ John de Rollesby 

1383 7 John Elys, William de Oxneve, Nicholas Wildgoose, Hugh atte Fen 

1384 8 John de fieverle, Roger de Drayton, Alexander Fastolf, John Hakon 

1385 9 Nicholas de Drayton, Warin Lucas, Ralph Ramscye, Adam Haysoa 

1386 xo William atte Gappe, Edmund Oudolf, Richard Elys, Edmund Bie 

1387 II John Elys, William Oxneye, Robert Howlyn, John de Martham 

1388 12 John de Beverle, Robert atte Gappe, Barth. de Drayton 

1389 13 Ralph Ramseye, Roger Drayton, Hugh atte Fen, Thomas Marche 

1390 14 William atte Gappe, Alexander Fastolf, Nicholas de Drayton, John Hakot 
I39« »5 John Elys, William de Oxneye, Barth. Elys, Robert Howlyn 

139a x6 John de Beverle, John Elys, jun. John Hughesson, William Eccles 

1393 J 7 Ralph Ramseye, John de Bekcton, Hiigh atte Fen, Barth. de Drayton 

1394 18 Thomas Marche, )ohn atte Gappe, William Savage, Edmund Wyth 

1395 »9 JoJ'n Ely»» sen. William Oxneye, John Hakon, Richard Claye 

1396 ao Ralph Ramseye, Hugh atte Fen, Barth. Elys, Barth. de Drayton 

1397 ai John Bekcton, William Oxneye, Thomas Marche, Thomas Halle 

1398 aa Ralph Ramseye, Hugh atte Fen, John atte Gappe, Richard Clayc. 

Henry IV. 

1399 I John Elys, William Oxneye, Barth. de Drayton, Robert atte Fen 

1400 a Hugh atte Fen, John Hughesson, Edmund Wyth, Thomas Carter 

1401 3 William Oxneye, John Beketon, Richard Claye, Roger Adams 
140a 4 Hugh atte Fenne, John atte Gappe, Barth. Elys, William Savage 

140} 5 John Beketon, William Oxneye, Richard Claye, Alexander atte Gappc 

1404 6 John atte Gappe, John Hughson, William Sarace, Thomas White 

140s 7 Hugh atte Fen, William Oxneye, Barth. Elys, Barth. de Drayton 

1406 8 John atte Gappe, Richard Claye, Jeffrey Pampyng, Henry Rafinan 

1407 9 Hugh atte Fen, John Hughson, Thomas Rcdbcrd, John Spitlyng 

1408 10 William Oxneye, Barth. Elys, Robert Elys, Thomas Glaveyn 

1409 II Henry Rafman, Edmund Wyth, Alexander atte Gappe, Ralph Leffyn 

1410 I a John Hughson, Jeffrey Pampyng, John Freeman, Thomas Conehithe 
J 41 1 13 Richard Claye, Thomas White, Nicholas Cares, John Cranelec 
141a 14 William Oxneye, jun. Robert Elys, Thomas Clabeyn, John Soterton 

Henry V. 

14x3 1 Jeffrey Pampyng, Robert Elys, jun. Thomas Conehithe, Will. Colkirke 

1414 a Barth. Elys, Richard Claye, Peter Savage, John Fen 

1415 3 Edmuqd Wyth, Thomas White, Ralph Leffyng, Henry Spitlyng 
S416 4 Robert Elys, jun. John Spitlyiig, Thomas Conehithe, Barth. Oxneye 

1417 5 Barth. Elys, John Fenn, John Hastyng, John Soterton 

1418 16 Thomas Dengayne, Jeffrey Pampyng, Thomas White, Richard Elys 

1419 7 Alexander atte Gappe, John Spitlyng, Thomas Conehithe, Robert Cupper 

1420 8 John Levcryth, John Hastyng, John Snelling, Thomas Eyr 
14*1 9 Bartholomew Elys, John Cranelee, Roger Hoddea, Ralph Wevan 

Henby VI. 


141a I Robert Elys, William Oxneye, Robert Cupper, William atte Fen 

I4a3 a Richard Elys, Thomas Conehithe, Thomas White, William atte Gappc 

1424 3 Thomas Dengayne, Esq. John Hastyng, John Spitlyng, John Pynnc 

14*5 4 Robert Cupper, Roger Hoddes, Thomas Eyr, Richaixl Flickc 

The annual Election of four Bailiffi ends here. 


A.]>« A.R 

]4£6 5 Robert Elys, William Oxneye 

1427 6 Richard Elys^ John Manning 

1428 7 Thomas Dengayne^ Thomas White 
14£9 8 Robert Elys, Thomas Eyr 

1430 9 Richard Elys, John Pynne 

1431 10 Idem. 

143e 1 1 Robert Elys, Thomas atte Fenn 

1433 12 Idem John Hastyn^ 

1434 13 Robert Hoddes, John Philip 

1435 14 John Widwell, John Chapman 

1436 15 John Pynne, John Phelysson 

1437 16 Robert Elys, Thomas Hamphrey 

1438 17 William atte Gappe, Thomas Martyn 

1439 18 Robert Pynne, John Aupcel 

1440 19 Thomas Fenn, Simon Folsham 

1441 20 Roffer Hoddes, Thomas Hall 

1442 21 Robert Elys, John Chapman 

1443 22 John Pynne, Peter Dowe 

1444 23 Ralph Lampet, William atte Gappe 

1445 24 Haman Pulham, John Auncel 

1446 25 Robert Martyn, Simon Folsham 

1447 26 Thomas Fenn, Robert Pynne 

1448 27 Thomas HylU, John Swoll 

1449 28 John Chapman, Peter Dowe 

1450 29 Ralph Lampet, Haman Palham 

1451 30 Robert Pynne, Edmund Wj^dewell 

1452 31 Thomas Martyn, John Wcstgate 

1453 32 Thomas Fenn, John Almab 

1454 33 Ralph Lampet, Hamon Pulham 

1455 34 Peter Dowe, Thomas Kysse 

1456 35 Edmund Wydewell, Alexander Brygate 

1457 36 Thomas Fenn, John Pynne 

1458 37 Robert Pynne, John Alman 

1459 38 Hamon Pulham^ John Codlyng 

1460 39 William JuUes, Thomas Thorp» Esqrs* 


146t 1. Ralph Lampet^ Thomas Iryng 

1462 2 Edmund Wydev^ell, Thomas Pond 

1463 3 Idem, John Peers* 

1464 4 Idem, John Pynne 

1465 5 Haman Pulham, John Alman, 

1466 6 John Russ, William Baldock 

1467 7 John Peers, John Russe 

1468 8 Edmund Wydewell, Robert Redhood 

1469 9 Robert Bassist, William Aldryche 

1470 10 John Rosse^ Roger Crowmer 

1471 11 Idem 

1472 12 John Peers, Thomas Pond 

1473 13 John Alman, John Mowe 

1474 14 Edmund Wydewell, Thomas ThoiyBby 


A.D. A.R* 

1473 15 John Russe^ William Aldrycbe 

1476 16 Idem John Cofeid 

1477 17 Idem and John Peen^ Eiq. elected on CofeWs death; 

1478 18 Edmund Tliorysby, Thomas Oloyt 

1479 l!^ Robert Crowmer, Robert Mycbeil 

1480 ^0 John Peers, John Frank 

1481 21 Robert Crowmer, John Tanne 

1482 22 lidem ■ fisqrs. 


1483 1 Robert Crowmer, John Holme 

1484 2 Robert Mychell, Robert £ston, Esqrs. 


1485 1 John Rasse, John Wagstaffe 

1486 2 William Aldrych, William Watson 

1487 3 John Peers^ William Albon 

1488 4 John Tanne, Robert Barrett 

1489 5 Robert Crowmer, Robert Ashton 

1490 6 Idem John Wagstaffe 

1491 7 Christopher Move, John Bedingham 

1492 8 Thomas Bloys, John Borell 

1493 9 William Albon, John Holme 

1494 10 John Tanne, sen. William Patynson 

1495 1 1 Robert Ashton, William Watson 

1496 12 Robert Barett, sen. Robert Albon 

1497 13 Robert Crowmer, John Eton 

1498 14 John Bedyneham, Robert Tasburgh 

1499 15 Christopher Moye, Edmund Cooper 

1500 16 William Patenson, John Wacy 

1501 17 Richard Hosteler, Henry Bemond 

1502 18 Jeffrey Davy, John Lovegold 

1503 19 John Borell, Robert Albon ^ 

1504 20 John Eton, Robert Tasbureh 

1505 21 Edmund Cooper, Stephen Watson 

1506 22 1 homas Banyard, William Aldrych 

1507 23 Robert Byshop, John Doubleday 

1508 24 John James, Henry Plnmstead, Esqrs. 


1509 1 Henry Bemond, John Garton ^ 

1510 2 Thomas Ufforth, Richard Palmer 

15 11 3 Edmund Cooper, William Backtoo 

1512 4 John Lavyle, Richard Byshop 

1513 5 John Doubleday, Robert Edmunds 

1514 6 Henry liberd, William Byshop 

1515 7 Siinon Oldryng, Thomas Betts 

1516 8 John Palmer, William Smyth 

1517 9 John Gartun, Ralph Dene 

1518 10 William Backtoo^ WiUkm Shane 



15 if^ H John Lovegold, Richard Bythop 
1590 12 William Byshop, Robert Aiyaaaader 
1621 IS John Lavyie, John DoaUedaj 
lo22 14 Henry [Iberd, Thomas Belts 
152S \5 John Palmer, Thomas Gartoa 
15^4 \6 John Ladde, Thomas Glaydoa 
1525 17 Simon Oldryng, William Wellys 
152(i 18 Halph Denne, William Burgh 

1527 19 William Byshop, William Shave 

1528 20 Robert Alysaunder, Robert Peers 

1529 21 Robert Tasborgh, John Kent 
1550 22 John Lavyle, John Stevynson 

1531 23 SAmael Richman, Henry Firmagt 

1532 24 Thomas Belts, Richard Firmage 

1533 25 John Palmer, Richard Bock 

1534 26 Philip Barnard, Miles Kene 

1535 27 WilUam Burgh, Richaid Rotherham 
I53ti 28 Ralph Denne, William Welles 

1537 29 Henry Firmage, Thomas Ecbard 

1538 M William Shave, Ralph Ashley 

1539 31 Simon Richman, William Byshop 

1540 32 Thomas BetU, William Slyly ard 

1541 33 Christopher Heylett, Simon Moore 

1542 34 Gilbert Gryce, William Denne 

1543 35 John Lavyle, Richard Bock 

1544 36 William Burgh, Thomas Echard 

1545 37 RalpH Ashley, William Woolbouae 

1546 38 Gornelios Bright, John Canon, Esqrs. 


1547 1 William Welles, John.Crowe 

1548 2 William Byshop, Simon Moore 

1549 3 John Myllicenl, Nicholas Fenn 

1550 4 Thomas BetU, William Garton 

1551 5 William Mahowe, Nicholas Firmage 

1552 6 Christopher Heyfott, John £chard, Esqrs. 


1553 1 William Denne, Thomas Hunt 

1554 2 Robert Eyre, John Crowe 

1555 3 Thomas Gardiner, Robert Drawer . 

1556 4 Comelios Bright, William Harbrown 

1557 5 Richard Oldryng, Matthew Wytt 

1558 6 Thomas Nicholson, Ralph Woolhoose, Esqrs. 


1559 1 Thomas Garton, Allen Cooldfiam 

1560 2 William Garton, Edmond Mooo 

1561 S Simon Moor^ Joba Parffsy 


A.D. A.R* 

1502 4 Anthony LoTeday, John Gross 

1563 5 Nicholas Fenn, Nicholas Kene 

1564 6 Cornelias Bright, Aagasiine Peers 

1565 7 John Echard, John Ladd 

1566 8 Christopher Sylles^ Benedt. Cubitt 

1567 9 Ralph Woodhoase, Thomas Betts 

1568 10 Thomas Garton, John Wakemaa 

1569 11 John Ufford, Amb. Bollward 

1570 12 Edmund BaldreV, Thomas Smyth 

1571 13 John Grosse, Thomas Smyth, sen« 
157£ 14 William Harebrown, Ralph Thompson 

1573 15 John Bacon, George Meeke 

1574 16 John Echard, John Harding 

1575 17 John Gostlingi William Lister 

1576 18 Augustine Peers, Thomas Ecbard^ and on.the death of the 

latter, John Felton elected. 

1577 ig John Wakeman, Thomas Damett 

1578 ^ Bened. Cubitt, John Couldhara 

1579 SI Balph Woolbouse, Johp Gyles 

1580 22 John Grosse, John Bradish . 

1581 £3 Thomas Harris, John Harbottle 
1582< 24 John Bartlemews, John Thrower 

1583 25 Christopher Dewe, Henry Stanton 

1584 26 Roger I>rury, WiUiam Musgrave 

1585 27 John Felton, Jeffrey Ponyett 

1586 28 John Wakeman, John Greenwood * 

1587 £9 John Couldham, John Yonges 

1588 30 Augustine Peers, BenedL Cubitt 

1589 3) James Johnson, John Wheeler 

1590 32 Ralph Woolhouse, John Harris 

1591 33 John Thrower, Gregory Goose 

1592 34 Thomas Damett, Thomas Foster 

1593 35 Roger Drury, Thomas Mortimer 

1594 30 Henry Stanton, William Crowe 

1595 37 John Bartlemews, William Yonges, and on the death of toe 

latter, Jeffrey Ponyett elected. 

1596 38 John Couldham, Henry Ebbotts 

1597 39 John Yonges, Richard Moodyng 

1598 40 John Wheeler, Thomas Buttolphe 

1599 41 John Felton; Thomas Manfield 

1600 4£ John Thrower, Isaac Cooper 

1601 43 Thomas Foster, John Bennett 

1 602 44 Thomas Damett, Thomas Cotty, Esqnu 


160s 1 Henry Stanton, John Gyles 

1604 2 Jeffrey Ponyett, William Grave 

1605 3 Thomas 'Mortymer, William x ounges . 

1606 4 William Crowe, John Crowland 

1607 5 John Couldham, Gregory Goose 

1608 6 Thomas Bnttolpb, Thomas Gykt 


1609 7 John Wheeler, Benjamin Cooper 

1610 8 Isaac Cooper, Augostine Yonges 

1611 9 Robert Scarth, Robert Robins 

1612 10 John Greenwood, George Hardware 

1613 11 John Geyes, Nicholas Bright 

1614 12 Thomas Thompson, Titus Hardwaide 

1615 13 John £chard, John Warren 

1616 14 Edmund Grosse, Edmund Owner 

1617 15 William Graye, Thomas Meadows 

16 18 16 Benjamin Cooper, Godfrey Wilgres 
1610 17 Isaac Cooper, Nicholas Cfnttinge 
16£0 18 Jeffrey Neve, Ezekias Harrys 

1621 19 George Hardware, Robert otevenson 

1622 20 John Gyles, John Rowe 

16£3 21 Thomas Thompson, Leond. Holmes 

1624 22 John Trendle, Thomas Johnson, Eiqrs. 


1625 1 Edmund Owner, Robert Norgate 

1626 2 John Echard, Robert Sayer 

1627 3 John Warren, Henry Davy 

1628 4 Benjamin Cooper, William Bnttolph 

1629 5 Robert Norgate, Thomas Meadowe 

1630 6 Nicholas Cultinges^ John Stephenson 

1631 7 Ezekias Harris, Thomas Green 
163^ 8 Thomas Thompson, Gyles Call 

1633 9 Godfrey Wilgres, Thomas Cirane 

1634 10 Edwafd Owner, Leond. Holmes 

1635 1 1 Xhomas Johnson, Robert Sayer 

1636 12 John Warren, John Lucas 

1637 13 Henry Davy, John Robins 

1638 14 Thomas Medowe, Thomas Manthorpe 

1639 15 Robert Norgate, Anthony Speck 

1640 16 Thomas Green, Robert Wakeman 

1641 17 John Carter, Robert Gower 
1612 18 Gyles Call, John Symonds 

1643 19 Thomas Crane, Robert Ferrier 

1644 20 Thomas Johnson, Thomas Gooch 

1645 21 John Rowe, Nicholas Ciittinge 

1646 22 Edward Owner, Charles Gooch 

1647 23 Thomas Manthorpe, Israel Ingram 

1648 24 Thomas Medowe, William Lucas, Esqrs. 


Inclnding the time in which Oliver Cromwell was declared Protector 

of the Commonwealth 

1649 1 Thomas Felstead, William Burton 

1650 2 Jeffrey Ward; Augustme Thrower 

1651 3 John Carter, George Spilman 

1652 4 Robert Manner^ John Arnold 
▼OL, XI. U a 


A D. A.R. 

1633 5 Nathaniel Asbby, Isaac Preaton 
1^51 6 John Harm<*r, ChrisUipher Sieygolj 
165.5 7 Robert Rctbins, John Alhertaon 
lf)56 8 'i hoinas Gooclr, Hiomaa Bendish 
16 j7 9 Heoroe England, John Cooper 
1668 10 Thomai? Lucas, John Woodroffa 
165() 11 William Burton, William Emperor 
16)0 li Nicholas Cutting, James Symo&ids 

1661 13 Jeffrey Ward, Abr. Castdl, Esqrs. and oo the former being 
degraded by act of parliameot, Tbomaa THyard Reeled. 
I6fy2 14 Sir Thomas Medove, KnL Arib. Baoon 

1663 Ip John Hall^ Richard Jermya 

1664 16 Thomas Pupplett, John CnUtt, and on tlift kiter^ death, 

Nath. Ashbye elected. 
.1665 17 Robert Mycbelson, Williaa Baleman 

1666 18 Edmund Xhaxter, Richard Huntiogdoo 

1667 ig George England, Michael Tills 

1668 20 John Woodroffe, Thomas Ounp 

1669 21 John RoWe, Peter Caulier 

1670 22' Henry Church, Mitchel Mew, Esqrs. 

1671 23 ^ir Thomas Medowe, Knt. Geo. Ward 

1672 24 Abr. Castell, Samuel Fenn 

1673 25 John Hall, Abr. Castell, Jun. 

1674 26 Thomas Gooch, Thomas England 

1675 27 Rdmund Tbaxter, Thomas Bradford 

1676 28 Richard Huntington, Benjamin England 

1677 29 John Woodroffe, Nichulas Cuttinge 

1678 30 John Caulier, John Robins 

1679 31 William Cosh, Samuel Fuller 

1680 32 Jeffrey Ward, John Ferrier 

1681 33 Mitcliel Mew, Thomas Gooch, Esqrs. 

1682 34 Sir Thomas Medowe, Knt. Nath. ^^ymonds 

1683 35 George Ward, Thomas Godfrey, Esqrs. 

A Mayor, by charter, instead of two Bailifu 

1684 36 Sir Thomas Medowe, Knight. 

JAMES 11. 

1685 1 Thomas Bradford 

1686 2 Samuel Fenn 

1687 3 Mitchel Mew 

i 688 4 John Albertaon, ^n, 


To November 8, I688 George Ward, Thomas Godfrey, Esqrs. thence 
Tq September 29, 1689 Benjamin England, John Gay ford, Siqia. . 


1689 1 Thomas pngland, Gabriel Ward 
\%0 2 Joliji Andrews, Anthony Ellys 
1691 3 Richard Ferrie^ Robert Se^mrd 


A.D. A.R* y 

1692 4 John Robins, Thomas Lovell 

1693 5 Nathaniel Symoncijt» Benjamin Bngle 

1694 8 Joseph Cotoian, John Carlowe 

1695 7 Anlhony Elys, jun. George Spiliiian,ju/.*^ 

1696 8 Thomas Godfrey, Richard Ferrier f ; 

1697 9 Benjamin England, Thomas Artis 
lfl98 10 Samuel Fnller, John Spurgeon 
1^ 1 1 Anlhony Elys, William Spooner 

1700 le Gabrid Ward, James Amis 

1701 15 Willimm BrowD, Henry Barret, Eaqrs. 




1^ benjamin Engle, John Davison, Esqrs. 


Benjamin Engle, Esq. 
2 Benjamin England 
S Joseph Cotman 

4 AnlhoiiYEly8,jun. 

5 Richard Ferrier 

6 Samuel Fuller 

7 Anthony Elys 

this year, to September iQ, 
)7C<^ 8 WiHiam Brovrne 

1710 9 James Artis 

1711 10 Henry Borrett, and on 
his death I Sam. Wakeman 

1712 11 John Spurgeon 

1713 12 William Spooner, Esqn. 


1714 1 Andrew Bracey 

1715 2 George England 
17 IG 3 John Ireland 

1717 4 Thomas le Grice 

17 18 5 Jonathan Pue 

1719 6 Anthony Elys 

1720 7 Richard Ferrier 


8 Christopher Brightin 

9 William Pacey 

10 John Pearson 

11 Richard Ferrier, jun« 

12 Henry Lombe 

13 Nath. Simonds, Esqiis. 


2727 1 Samuel Artis 

1728 2 George Ward 

1729 3 Robert Ward 
7730 4 John Bird 

1731 5 Anthony Taylor 

1732 6 Thomas Cooke 

1733 7 William Brown 

1734 8 Barry Love 

1735 9 Samuel Wakeman 

1736 10 John Parson 

1737 U Thoma»Milles 

1738 12 Thomas Horsley 

1739 i3 Thomas Ellya ' 

1740 14 Christ. Bernard, and on 

death, Geo, Ward 

1741 \5 William Harmer 

1742 16 John Cotman 

1743 17 Joseph Neech 

1744 18 Wm. Browne, sfen, 

1745 19 Joseph Cotman 

1746 'iO Samuel Killett 

1747 21 Thomas Martin 

1748 22 William Browne 

1749 23 Robert Abbon 

1750 24 Robert Ferrier 

1751 25 James Ward 

1752 26 Christ. Taylor, 8C on hit 

death, Giles Wakemaa 

1753 27 Wm. Butcher 

1754 28 Ricbard Baket 



A.]>« A.R. 

1755 29 John CotmaQ 
1766 SO William Browne 
17i7 31 Joseph Cotman 

175B 32 Giles Wakeman 

1759 33 Joseph Cotman 

1760 34 John Ramey^ Esqra. 


1761 1 Thomas Martin 

1762 2 John Barnby 

1763 3 John Goslin Love 

1764 4 Richard Moyse 

1765 5 John Narfor 

1766 6 William Fisher 

1767 7 John Fisher 

1768 8 Robert Lancaster 

1769 9 Richard Baker 

1770 10 Colman Manclarke 

1771 Jl -Anthony Taylor 

1772 12 Henry Gooch 

1773 13 John Ramey 

1774 14 James Fisher^ Esqrs. 

Of certain ancient Usages and Customs of the Burgh of Yarmouth, 
obseroed and Kept by the Burgesses time immemorial. 

These articles, extracted from the ancient records of the borgb, 
appear to be founded on the particular grants to, and privileges of 
the burgesses, who are strictly enjoined to as inviolable an observ* 
ance of them, in every respect, as of any of the articles of their char- 
ters, without connivance or partiality to any person whatsoever. 


Deeds enrolled in the court-roll oj the burgh, to be valid, the same as 
if enrolled in any of the king^s courts at Westminster. 

" That every deed made and sealed fbr the conveyance and assur- 
ance of any houses, lands, or tenements lying wi.h that burgh, by all 
and every person or persons having right and lawful interest to con- 
vey and assure the same, b( ing of the full age of twenty-one years, 
with state and seisin executed by force thereof, add every bargain 
by indenture, with state and seisin so executed, the which shall after- 
wards be acknowledged by the parties, donors, or feoffors, before the 
bailiffs of the said burgh, for the time being, or before one of them, 
and this matter of acknowledgment shall appear of record, to-be 
enrolled in the court roll of the said burgh, either with recital of such 
knowledge, made before one or both bailiffs, that every such deed 
and indenture so acknowledged and enrolled, shall be a good and 
perfect assurance in law, to the use expressed therein, and as strong 
and effectual in the donees and feoffees, as if the same had been done 
by deed acknowledged and enrolled in any of the king's courts at 

** And although the same deed or indenture be not afterwards 
extant, to be shewed forth, but be either burnt or lost^yet nevertheless 
the record of the said deed or indenture, in the said court-rolb^ shall 
be accepted, and taken as good and perfect assurance in law, to the 
donees and feoffees, and tn^ir heirs, to the uses therein mentioned 
against the donor or feoffor, and their heirs, by the custom of the said 
burgh, for ever. And the use of the deed or indenture enrolled, sbaU 
be preferred before that which b Aot enrolled.'' 



Examination of married women before one or both bailiffs, upon tram^^ 

f erring their right. 

*' That every woman covert^ having an estate of inheritance, or 
interest^ for term of Ufe» or in fee simple, either in her own right 
alone, or jointly with her husband^ or with any other person or per- 
sons, in or to any houses, lands, or tenements, being within the burgh 
aforesaid, who shall pass a deed thereof, with her said husband, unto 
any manner of person or persons whatsoever, either with livery and 
seisin thereupon executed, or without livery and seisin ; if that after- 
ward the said woman covert, with her husband, shall come before the 
bfiiliffs of the said burgh, for the time being, or before one of them, 
and shall acknowledge the same to be their deed. And the said 
woman covert thereupon, being solely examined hj the said bailiffs, 
or one of them, and that this matter of knowledge and examination 
taken, shall appelir of record, to be enrolled in the court-rolls of the 
said burgh, either with recital of such knowledge and examination to 
have been taken before one bailiff or before both bailiffs, then by the 
custom of this burgh, if the husband and wife be of full age, the said 
record and enrollment shall be a good and perfect assurance in the 
law, for the parties, donees, and feoffees, and their heirs^ to the uses 
expressed in the said deed and enrollment for ever. And that as well 
the said woman covert and her heirs ; as her said husband and his 
heirs, shall from henceforth, by force of the said record and enroll- 
ment, be utterly excluded and debarred of all manner of interest, 
right, and title, of in and to the said lands, houses and tenements, 
and every parcel of them, by custom of the burgh, for ever. And 
this custom has always been used in the nature of a fine at common 


Releases enrolled debar the releasor, 

** That every release of houses or tenements, being within thatburgh, 
made by every person or persons being men or women unmarried, and 
being of full age, acknowledged and enrolled in such manner, and 
form as is above declared, shall be of the same force and effet in 
law, for debarring the right and title of the releasors 'and of their 
heirs, as the said deed enrolled, and the record thereof, by custom of 
the burgh, for ever." 


^ Jl zcomarCs release of dower &c. enrolled, debars her for ever^ 

** Every woman covert, havina only her title of dower in any houses, 
lands, or tenements, within the said burgh, who shall come with 
her husband, in his lifetime, before the bailiffs of the said burgh or, 
before one of them, and shall make her release of in and to the said 
houses, lands, or tenements, either by writing sealed, or without 
writing, so as the same release, solely examined, before the bailiflb, 
for the time being, or before oiie of them ; and that this matter and 
act shall afterwards he enrolled in the court-rolls of the said burgh ; 
then this said woman shall from henceforth be utterly excluded and ' 


debarred by the said record, to have her said title of dower thereia 
for ever. Yea, although at the tine of such examiiiatioo taken, she 
be not of the age of 9. 1 years^ by the ancient costom of this burgh. 

** And Moreover the custom is^ that if a woman, beini^ a widow; 
only for her title of dower^ slial} in her widowhood come before the 
bailifie^ for the time being, or beibre one of theii, and shall make her 
velease of any lands or tenements witliifi the said burgh, wherein flhe 
claimeth only by fdrce of her dower, ami this act of Uers being eitfot 
led of record in the courl-reUs of the •tiid.bur^h, aithoagh at ibe tioM 
of her making her relea^, as aforesaid, sLe be not of the age oi f21 
yeufs, yei in this case, for her said dower, she sh^uli be utterly ejb» 
clti€ied and debarred from all interest and title lo be claimed foi ewer, 
by force of the said record a«d eBrollmentb'' 


A mfe to have her thirds, enfeoffed in hquses, S^c. by her husband, if not 


'' By the castom of this burgh, although tbe wife before her nmi- 
riage be etifeoflfed in any houses, lands, or tenements, by the husband, 
or that after the niarriage between tbena, the husband doth purchase 
any bouses, lands, or tenements, and caase the same to be assured to 
bim and bis wife joiotly, or to hia wife and others ; yet notwithstand* 
ing. feoffments or assurances whatsoever; if the wite outlive lier said 
husband, she shall not be barfed by reason of any such feoffiaeuts or 
assurances, to claim and reco5Fer the third part of nay other lands^ hov* 
sea, or tenemenls within the said borgb, wtiereof her hosband was sole 
seised in his demesne, as of fee, during the lime of her marriage between 
Ihem. Provided always that for so many thereof' as the wife, by exam* 
kiaAioD taken before tbebailifiW, for the tiaie being, or before 4>ne of 
them, has released to any other person or persons, the same matter ve* 
maining of record, to be seen in the court-rolls of the said bnrgh; 
that then she shall be utterly debarred, and excluded of her said title 
of dower therein, by the custom of.this burgh for ever." 

A mil enrolled within a year and a day is a good title to all the claim^ 

ants, the widow having her dower. 

^* The costoBi of this borgh hath of so long oonttnuaoce been, that 
every person being sole seized of cnny houses, lands, or teBements,witbin 
the burgh, by an estate in fee simple, may, by his testament and last 
will, give and devise the same, he t)eiiig of full age and perfect me« 
mory at the time of making the same testament and last will. And 
mcMVover, the custom of the bargh is, U»al if such a testament and 
last will be, within one year next after the death of tlie testator^ 
brought before the baihffs, by the ejie.cutor,, or by any other credit* 
able pefsoD, which shall have such tesria men t and last will in keepings 
and it be required of the baili& that tbe said testament and laai wSi 
ly bee»f»»l)ed of record in tbe courf roll of the said burgh, that then 
said biiiUfis shall, opuii the oalhs of two cralttai>le witnesses, to 
tbe said teslai»«nt a«d last will^at the least, cause the said iestamenl 

last vnll^ ta beeairoUed by ihe atewtud am(.Migst. the coiiri'isolla el 

Y it E MOUTH. M* 

the^aid boigh,t0getber with the teitimotiy of the witnesies to the 
said will to be produced before them ; and that by force of the taid 
testHment and last will, enrolled and recorded, as is aboveinentioned 
in tilt? said tfstaiuent and last will, shall be used, enjoyed, possessed^ 
and reeoveted, according to such uses and intents, hs are mentioned 
and express(*d in the said testament and last will, according lo the 
true meaning of the testator. And further^ that the said^ testament 
and Ias4 will, lieifig recorded and enrolled in manner and form afore* 
•aid^ Uiall be a goiffl and lawfiiil a^^sorance to all persons ciainiing by 
the Mnie, for ihe (K*«seiising and enj(«yifig of all the houses, landg^ and 
le»'ii>«*nia, ly'u\^ wiliiiu the said burgh, according to the true mean* 
m^ •f the said teiita ur. by th« custom of Uits burii^li, for ever, saving 
always to thtf wife, after the d«fallr of her husband, her title of dower 
of and in the s^nn^', 'except she halii released the same before, or until 

•be shall release iki tMUMi." 



Eldest son to be heir^ or daughters coheirs, if no son. 

'' The custom of this burgh is, that the eldest son shall inherit the 
bott^ea, lands, and tenements within the said burgh, whereof the father, 
died sole seised in fee-simple, at the time of his death, if he bath not 
declared and made his will of the same. But if he hath no sons, but 
daughters, then his daughters shall be coheirs unto their father, ia 
auch cases, saving to the wife the third part thereof for her dower, 
unless she balh before released therein, or afterwards shall release the 


Jt woman may sue for dower in the burgh court* 

''In .case where the. woman claimeth her dower in any houses^ 
lands or teoemenu, within this burgh, after the death of her husbandf 
which are kept from her possession, by the custom of this burgh', she 
may bring her action by writ of dower in the burgh court, before the 
bailiffs,* and shall have trial* recovery, and assignment thereof, hy 
such manner of plea, process, and judgment, as in such ca^s are used 
for recovery of oawer at the common law, and those processes shall 
be returned by the Serjeants at mace, or by one of them, into the 
court before the bailiffs, there to remain of recoi;^, by the custom of 
the said burffb, for ever.'^ 



Burgh-court to be kept once a week, and adjourned at the bailiJTs wilL 

''As well l)y the custom of this burgh, as also by point of cbarter^ 
the court called the burgh-court, is to be holden and kept before the 
bailiffs, for the time being, only once in every week, or at their plea- 
sore to be adjourned from week to week, for a further time, upon any 
occasion* In which court. are holden all manner of pleas of landj 
debt, detinue, covenant broken, trespass, and trespasses upon the 
case/ and all other actions whatsoever they be between party and 

* Trespass upon the case, differs from water trom flooding h<t own Um^ does 

a common tresi ass, in thiit only the thereby o\ erflow that of his neigbN>ur» 

cpnsequeacial injury of a legal action ; Sec. whebce the grouo4 of aa ac^on on 

aswkertamaniiiKlivsrtSiigacouiieef theosse. 


party^ according to the order and proceedings of the comaion laws 
of this realm." 


Tht bailiffs in court may take recognizances for debt from one person to 


*' The ancient custom ' of this bargh is^ and hath been^ that the 
bailiffs, for the time being, in open court, may' take cogniizance for 
the payment of debts due from one burgh or inhabitant there^ to 
anotner burgh or inhabitant there, or from a burgess or inhabitant to 
a stranger, which recognizance, being so acknowledged br the 
debtors to the use of the debtees, the said bailiffs shall cause to oe re- 
corded in the courtorolls of the said burgh. And if the debtor do 
make default of payment, at the day mentioned in the record, then, 
upon complaint of the said debtees, or his executors, unto the bailiflb, 
for the time being, they shall award against the debtor a sdre facias, 
returnable (he next court day, and ifthe debtor come not into the 
court the next court day, and plead good matter of discharge and 

Sayment of the said debt, then the bailiffs at the request of the 
ebtee, shall give judgment for the debt, ^nd award a scire facias 
against the goods and chattels of the debtor. And if the process, at 
the suit of the debtor, be returned, that the debtor hath not goods and 
chattels within the burgh, then, at the charge of the debtee, he may 
have a capias ad satisfaciendum against the body of the debtor, to Satisfy 
the tnere debt and costs of suit, to be adjudged by the bailiflb/' 


Upon action for (kbt. Judgment to be for the debt only, and \%d, per 

pound to the town* 

** The custom of this burgh is, and always has been, that upon any 
bond, or bill of debt, entered ' for the payment of any debt, opoa 
which action is brought within this burgh and court, before the bai- 
lifis, that judgment shall be given, and execution for the mere debt 
only, and not for the forfeiture of any such bond, or bill, although 
by the law, the plaint must be entered by and upon the penahj. 
And further, the custom is, that in every action of debt, upon bond 
or bill, or without, the with-draft of ]9>d. in^ the pound shall be paid 
'to the town, of the mere debt only, by those who shall be overthrown 
in any such action or actions, or by their pledges and sureties in those 
actions, provided that the attorney for the defendant, by plea, desires 
that the mere debt be enquired of by the country, according to the 
customs of this bureh. 


Of the Foreign court, 

** By the custom of this burgh, there is a court called Kfore^ 
court, appertaining to this corporation, for speedy expedition and 
dispatch of merchants and other strangers commg to the said burgh, 
for the recovery of debts, promises, bargains, and contracts, which 
court hath always been holden, and is to be holdeh before the bailifis 
of the said burgh for the time being, from day to day, or otherwise, 
at the will of we said bailiffs, having respect to the equity and truth 


of the caae, jo this manner and form ; viz. that is to say, after that 
upon the arrest and attachment made, and that the action and matter 
be first entered of record in the court called the burgh*coart ; and 
after the declaration be put into that court by the pjaintiff^ against 
the defendant, if that the defendant will, upon the demand of the fo« 
reign court aforesaid, confess that action so entered and declared 
against him in the burgh-court, that no 'such foreign court shall be 
l^ranted unto any such plamtiff, but the bailiffs shall proceed to grant 
judgment and execution in that action. But if the defendant shall 
seek to use delays against the plaintiff, in that action and suit, and will 
not confess the same, then the bailiffs, upon request and payment for 
the same courts shall erant such foreign court against the defendant in 
every action aforesaid, which coart is to be holden before them de 
die in diem (from day to day) at the discretion of the said bailiffs, or 
else to he adjourned by them untill some loneer time, either for know- 
ledge of the truth, or to be advised and resonred in matters doubtful. 
And so ibe action and cause shall proceed in that court, untill the 
same be determined in due form of law. Now, by the ancient cus- 
tom of this burgh, a free burgess may have this court granted against 
a stranger, or merchant, being no free burgess. And the same also 
may be granted between two strangers, or more, being plaintiffs or 
defendants. But the custom of this burgh always hath been, and still 
is, that this court shall not be granted between two burgesses, or free* 
men of the burgh, for any manner of cause. And moreover the cus« 
torn of this burgh always hath been, and yet is, that no writ of cerfi- 
orarif habeas corpus, or writ of error, will lie in this cdurt, to^be 
allowed, to Jthe lett or hindrance of justice, execution to be done, 
acoording to the judgment given.'' 


Of the declaration, condemnation, appraisement, disposal, 4*0. of goods 


'f The ancient custom of this burgh is, and always hath been, that 
upoD all manner of actions brought within the burgh, attachment 
•ball be made^of all manner of goods and chattels, upon pleas of 
debt, detinue, covenant-broken, trespass upon the case, and all other 
pleas determinable at the common law, at the suit of all manner of 
plaintiffs which shall require the same. And this attachment shall be 
made, of all such goods and chattels whereof the possession may be 
lawfully taken and obtained wjthin the burgh, or, within the liberties 
of the same, in this form following ; that is to say, that the four Ser- 
jeants at^the mace, upon warrant eiven unto them, shall make soch 
attachment npon the land, within the liberties thereof, as the officer, 
called the water*bailiff, shall do the like uoon the waters, from the 
month of the haven, as far as the liberties clo extend ; that is to say, 
as far as St. Olave^s^bridae, Hardly^cross, and fVeybridge, and that 
after attachment made of any manner of goods and chattels, as if 
albreMid, the same shall remam nnderthe altaehaaent, in the custody 
and safe-keeping of the officers who shall so make the said attacb- 
jmeutyirhicfa officer then at the next court following, upon entering 
of the action or actions, shall present and give in an inventory of all 
and singular -the said goods and chattels into the court, before the 


838 YARMODtH. 


bailifis, there to remain of record, to the intent that every part and 
parcel of the said goods may be forthcoming, to satisfy the debt and 
damages which shall be adjudged by the court, in every such ^ctioa 
brought by the said attachment or else the plaintiff, having no good 
cause of action, that upon trial thereof, the owners may be restored 
again to the possession of their said goods and chattels, whereupon 
such attachments were made. And the custom is, that if attach- 
ment be made, and the action entered, and declaration be pot into 
the court, that then, if none do appear for the defendant, there shall 
be awarded four several defaults, upon four several court-days, apon 
the said attachment ; and if within these four court-days, there come 
not any in for the defendant, that the bailiffs shall award judgment 
and condemnation against those soods and chattels on the behalf of 
the plaintiff, and thereupon, at their discretions, shall appoint and 
assign two, three, or four honest burgesses, by their oaths, to make 
appraisement of the said goods and chattels attached in manner and 
form aforesaid^ which appraisement so made, the said burgesses shaH 
certify unto the court before the bailiffs, there to remain of record. 
And if the defendant come not to make satisfaction to the plaintiff of 
the debt and damages demanded and adjudged, that then, at some 
other court-day, at the request of the plaintiff, the bailiffs shall' award 
out of the court, a venditioni exponaSf^ to be directed to the officer or 
officers who made such attachment, to sell the said goods and chattels 
so attached or condemned, to the utmost value ; and the money 
thereof coming, to bring into the next court before them, to make 
satisfaction to the parlies, pjatfntiffs, of the debt and damages reco- 
vered and adjudged^ if so be that the goods attached amount to that 
value. And if so be that the goods attached will not amount to the 
value of the debt and damages recovered, then no further than the 
value of the goods shall be liable to the parties, plaiutiffs, by that 
action or actions, for appraising, and also the charges of suit, and 
withdrafts of the court. But if the goods and chattels attached, as is ' 
aforesaid, shall by the said appraisement and sale, amount to a mofe 
sum than the debt and damage recovered and adjudged, that then 
the residue of the money proceeding of the said goods and chattels, 
by the said appraisement and sale, after satisfaction made to the 
party, plaintiff, for his debt and damages, ivith costs of suit, and with' 
drafts of the court, shall remain in the custody of the said bailiffs, to 
the use of the parties defendants, or any other person or persons 
having rightful and lawful authority to demand the same. And 
whereas, divers times many goods and chattels being attached are 
supposed to be the goods and chattels of others, and not of those 
parties upon whos^ names the actions are entered in the courts as de- 
fendants.- In those cases, the party or parties, which ciaiaieth to 
have property to those goods and chattels, to defeat the attachment 
made, and the actions and recoveries had by force thereof, if be be 
present in the court, shall there in open court, before the bailiffs be 
sworn, that the property which he or they so claim, in and to the said 

Snoods attached, is only upon good cause and consideration, without 
raud, covin, or deceit. And further, the bailiffs shall cause the same 
party claiming such property, to put in his plea into the courts thai 

A writ to authorise the sale of goods* 


at tbe time of the attachment made, the goods were not the goods 
and chattels of the defendants, but did belong to him at that time, as 
bis proper goods. Upon which plea, if the parties who caused the 
attachment to be made, will not be satisfied and discharge their ac- 
tions, then these same parties, plain tifl^ in that attachment, shall join 
JMues upon the said plea of claim, that the said goods and chattels, 
at the time of the attachment made, were the proper goods and chat- 
tels of the supposed defendant in those attachments ; whereupon a 
jury shall be then returned and impannelled, against the next court, 
or at some other court, at the discretion of the said bailiffs, upon 
their oaths, to en(|uire and try the property aforesaid, according to 
the proofs on either part. And if it be found, by the verdict of the ' 
said jury, that the property of the said goods, at the time of tbe at- 
tachment made, was in him or them so claiming the same, according 
lo bis or their plea, put into the court, then those goods and chattels 
shall be released of those attachments, and re-delivered up to him or 
them, that be so found to be the right owners thereof. Provided al- 
always, thatif the party claiming be not present in court, to be sworn 
in manner and form aforesaid, yet nevertheless his attorney shall be 
received to put into the court his plea of claiming property, to be 
tried by the verdict of the jury, in manner and form aforesaid. And 
if it be found by the verdict of tbe said jury, that the property of the 
said goods and chattels attached, at the time of the attachment made, 
was in him or them, supposed to be defendants, in the action or 
actions brought and entered upon the said attachments, and not in him 
or them so making claim thereto ; that then those goods and chattels 
so attached, shall remain liable for the satisfaction of the debt and 
damages of the plaintiff which caused the said .attachment to be 
made. And tbe custom of this burgh is, that if a stranger to the at* 
tachment and action, being no party therein, shall be supposed 
owners of the goods and chattels attached, if so be, he comes not by 
himseir, or by bis attorney, into the court, and maketh his claim and 
trial unto the said goods and chattels attached, in manner and form 
aforesaid, within one year and a day next after the making of the 
said attachment, or next after judgment given upon the fourth default 
at the furthest, that then every such proprietor or ow ner, and his 
executors, to be utterly excluded and debarred from having or claim« 
iog any right or interest in or to the said goods and chattels attached, 
or in or to any parcel thereof, by custom, for ever. And moreover, 
the custom of tnis burgh is, and hath been, that if any goods or chat- 
tels be attached and condemned by four several defaults made upon 
any action brought against their goods and chattels, as the proper 
goods and chattels of the supposed defendants in those actions, so as 
oy thejudment of the court, those goods and chattels are to be deli- 
vered to the plaintifls in satisfaction of the debt and damages recov- 
ered and adjudged, that although no title of property or right be sup- 
posed in any other persons, but only for the defendants to those ac- 
tions, yet nevertheless for equity and justice to be done, the bailiffs 
shall bind the plaintiffs in those actions, to whom those goods and 
chattels are delivered, as is aforesaid, with two sufficient sureties, bemg 
freemen of the burgh, to deliver the goods and chattels aforesaid, into 
the court, or the value of them, according to the appraisement thereof 
made and certified into the court, if that any otaer persons, other 


thuo the tbpposed defendants in the action or aotioni fi|KAi the attach'* 
nent aforesaid, shall come into the ooiirt, within the year and a day 
aforesaid, and there shall make his claim and lawful trial, to have 
just and tme property in and to the said goods and chattels, in sodt 
manner and form as is afore declared, according to the cuatoin of tbia 

'' And the custom of this burgh is, that whereas attachments are 
made in one man's name> or more, asdefendants in any action brought, 
and others do claim to be owners of the goods and chattels attached; 
if that this case be informed to the bailim, and that great loss oiaj 
grow, being no parties to those actions^ and that this information 
shall, in the judgment of the bailiffs, appear to be trpe, without any 
deceit or fraud to jbe supposed in the persons so claimiud^t being no 
parties to the said action or actions ; that then the bailimty by their 
discretion, may receive the said party, with two sufficient freemen to 
be bound by recognisance in the court, before them, to try bis pro- 
perty of and in the said goods and chattels attached, within certatn 
time to be limited unto him, by the discretion of the said bailiffs, ia 
manner and form as afore declared, for trying mopen^* in goods air 
tached^or else that in default of making trial ot the said property, bj 
the time limited, the said two freemen shall, by their recogniaancesy 
stand and become bound, as sureties and pledges to the action or 
actions, whereupon the said attachment was made ; and then the 
bailift, having regard unto the loss that may grow upon the goods 
attached by their discretions, upou the recognisance aforesaid, may 
cause the same goods to be released of and from the said attachment* 
and delivered unto the supposed owner thereof. But this manner id 
trying property is not generally to be used npon any attachment, bat 
only by the discretion of the said bailiffs, in such case where ^reat 
loss is like to grow to the persons being no parties to the actioas, 
whose property is supposed to be without fraud or covin ; for the cut- 
tom of this burgh is, when goods be attached upon any action, which 
do i^pear to be ihe goods of the parties defendants to those action^, 
those goods shall remain under attachment liable to those actioas, 
and smll not be released without two sufficient sureties or pled^s to 
the action or actions, being freemen ; for default of such sureiiet to 
be put in, those goods attached shall proceed to condemnation W 
judgment of the court, in manner ana form as is above declared, 
r^evertheless, if the party defendant, who owneth the goods, be pre- 
sent, having his goods attached, called in default, and if he be not 
able to put in sureties to the action or actions, according to the cas- 
tom aforesaid, and if he shall ailedge in court before the bailiffs, that 
the parties, plaintiffs, bave no caose of sudi action or actions against 
bis said goods ; then the bailiffs shall receive him by himself, or by 
bis attorney, to plead and join issue with the plaintiff, and then, ac- 
cording to the f erdict given up by the jury, if the plaintiff have ao 
cause or action, those goods shall be released and delivered to the 
defendant; otherwise Uie same goods shall be liable to the satisfaction 
of the debt and damages of the plaintiff in that action or actioos, 
according to the judgment to be given. Also by the 4:^ustom of this 
burgh, all attachments of ^oods and chattels whatsoever, by virtue of 
any action made as aforesaid, shall upon recognisance of two freemen 
of this bui^h, acknowledged before the bailifis^ or one of themita 


become sureties and pledges to those actions presently before the 
fourth default, entered against those, goods, be released and dis* 
charged ; and the said pledges shall be recorded In court, to be 
answerable to the said actions^ whereupon the said actions were 
made ; but after the fourth default entered, no sureties shall be re- 


Strangers being masters or owners of vessels trading here, if they can* 
tract a debt with a towns'tnan, and it be not discharged on the oailiffs 
appfication to the magistrates of the place where the vessel belongs^ 
the next vessel from thence may be seized. 

*^ Also the custom of this burgh is, that if any freeman or inhabi- 
tant within this burgh, shall deliver to any stranger dwelling in France, 
Zealand, Holland, or in any other parts beyond the sea, being owners 
or part owners of any ship or vessel or master thereof, any manner 
of victuals, ropes, cables, anchors, or other necessaries for the said 
ship or vessel, making a bill of debt between them, or taking the 
band or mark of the said owner, or master, or of both, to bis book, or 
dse makiug tallies between them, for the knowledging the receipt of 
aach things. In this case, if the said freeman or inhabitant shall 
come before the bailiffs, and make liis complaints, that he is unpaid 
for the things delivered, according as was promised and agreed tie- 
tween them, and shall, by his corporal oath before the baiii£&, avow 
this to be true ; then the bailiffs, at the charge of the complainant, 
shall write their letters, wnder the town seal, unto the magistrates, or 
beadoffioer of that city, town, or place, where the said debtor or deb- 
tors do dwell, that order may be taken for the payment and satisfac- ' 
iaotion of the debt aforesaid. And that if reasonable answer be not 
made unto the said baililBb within three months next after the delivery 
of the said letters, whei;pby the parties complainants shall stand con- 
tented, then the bailiffs shall in like manner write their second letter, 
for satisfaction to be made of and for the debt, if the debtors be able 
to pay it, then to do justice upon their tx)dies and goods; according to 
law and equity, so as if vheir goods be not sufficient, that their ix^ies 
be committed to prison, to answer the said debt ; and if that the 
magistrates and head-<ffficers shall fail in the doing thereof, according 
to the contents of the said letters, and that complain( be again made 
to 'the said bailiffs, by the said freetoan or inhabitant, that the said 
debt is yet unpaid, and this beine avowed by their corporal oaths to 
be true, that then the baiKft shall, at the 'suit of the said parties c6m^ 
plainants, award an attachment to be made against the next ship 
and eoods of apy inhabitant of that city, town, or place, to which the 
laid Tetters were directed, that shall come next within the liberties of 
this borgb, for satisfaction to be made of the said debt. And the said 
bailiffs, having the said attachment returned into the court before 
them, shall proceed to judgment condemnation, and appraisement of 
the said ship and ^oods, according to the custom of this burgh, for 
the satisfaction ot the debt aforesaid.^ 



For making and rtooking byt^laws, ordinances^ Sf€. and for the ohserc^ 
ance and penalties for non'observance thereof. Also what constitistes 
a common council and assembly, 

. '^ The custom of this burgh is, and time out of mind halh been, 
that the bailiffs, burgesbes^ and commonalty of this burgh, in their 
common-council and assemblies, may from time to time make ordi- 
nances, laws, and constitutions for the common weal of the said cof* 
K ration ; and again may revoke and repeal any such ordinances, 
vs, and constitutions made at their pleasures, if the same be found 
hurtful to the state and common weal of the said corporation ; and 
according to the time, upon consideration, may revive and renew anj 
of the said ordinances, laws, and constitutions. 

'* And the custom of this burgh bath always been, ever since it was 
made and incorporated to be a free burgh, tnat not only all and sin- 
gular the freemen of the said burgh, but all and singular the inhabi- 
tants within the said burgh, ought to maintain, keep, uphold, and 
obey all such ordinances, laws, orders, and constitutions, as from 
time to time have been, be, or at any time hereafter shall be made, 
ordained, and established, by the common-council of the said burgh, 
under the pains and penalties limited and appointed by the said laws^ 
orders and constitutions. And that all the said freemen and inhabi- 
tants, being the breakers and disobeyers of the said laws, ordinances, 
and constitutions, or any of them, nave always been, and may be, 
and ought to be committed unto the gaol or prison of the said burgh, 
by the bailiffs of the said burgh, for the time being, or by one of tbem, 
there to remain and abide, until they have paid the penalties and 
forfeitures of all such laws, ordinances, and constitutions, as by them 
have been broken and disobeyed. For which imprisonment, in man- 
ner and form aforesaid, none of the freemen or inhabitants of the said 
burgb, shall at any time after be allowed oi^received to have any action, 
actions, suit or suits, within the said corporation, against the bailiffi, 
or against any of them that did so commit the said freemen or inha' 
bitants, to ward or prison, as is abovesaid.'' 

** Also, the custom of this burgh is, and always hath been, that no 
manner of law, ordinances,^ order, or constitution, which is made, oi^ 
dained, or established by any common council or assembly, that the 
same shall not be revoked or repealed, but by another common-coun- 
cil or assembly called and convened : which common-council con- 
sisteth, by the ancient custom of this burgh, upon the two bailifis, or 
one of them, at the least, and their two and twenty brethien, being 
termed by the name of theybur and twenties^ or of the greater part 
of them, and also of the eight andforti^s^ or the more part of them. 
Jn which common-council consisteth the whole body and state of the 
whole corporation of the burgh, that is incorporated by the name of 
the bailiffs, burgesses, and commonalty of the burgh and town of Great 
Yarmouth^; the representation thereof is in the bailiffs, or one of them, 
for the bkihffs; in the four and twenties, for the burgessses; and the 
eight and forties, for the whole commopalty of the said town. The 
meeting or appearance of whom,or the more part of them, in manner 
and form aforesaid, maketh and estahlisheth a common coaocil and 




astemblvj so as one of the bailiffs, for the time being, be always pre- 
sent And then whatsoever ordinances, lawsi, orders, and constitu- 
tionSf are in such manner made and ordained, established and agreed 
unto, and every of them being written and recorded by the clerk of 
the assembly, are to be observed and put in execution ; and the 
offenders against the same, are to bejpunished according to the same, 
without any manner of favor or affection, by custom of this burgh 
for ever." ^ 

On these articles we shall only remark, that the Mth is the only 
one which has entirely grown into disuse. Tbe custom there claimed 
is certainly very extraordinary, and subject to many objections, with 
respect to the eligibility of such foreign claims, and the difficulties the 
town might possibly have been embroiled in by such as might be 
refractory, and refuse an implicit obedience to their privilege, which 
on a deliberate view, seems to be not altogether unnecessary to its 
being enforced, in some circumstances. However, the burgesses 
found their end in it, and did frequently put it in execution, as appears 
by the court rolls. 

In the reign of Edward I. Edward II. Edward III. &c. we find it 
in use. In the 26th of the former, there is a roll, intitled Rotolus de 
dmrsis Uteris iUrectis, Sfc. l^c. missis sub sigillo balUvorum; from 
which it is to be observed, that the bailiffs were sometimes obliged to 
write a third and fourth letter, ere the desired effect was produced. 
Amongst these we find a first letter sent to Berwick^ Colchester^ 
DortfMiddleburgh, HuMet, Sangate, Calais^ &c. a second to Arden^ 
iurgh, Colchester, and Flixing ; a third to Ardenbargh, and Flssing ; 
a fourth to Dart, &c. 

Sometimes copies of these letters (which were written in Latin) 
were inserted at large ia the court-rolls, and sometimes only the 
purport was entered, as under: 
Litera directa ballvois et schabinis de Munke-rode, adju^j^atuT Cleys 

Betteson ad redden^ Thome le Nurthern viii/i. Hu. via. quos eideb* 

pro sale per duas talF et similiter xii/i. quos ei debet pro pisce sine 


** A Letter directed to the bailiffs and schabins (chief magistrates) 
of Monk-road, to justify Cleys Bettsonto pay unto Thomas le rJorthem 
£S. 3s. 6d. which be owes him for salt, by two tallies; and also 12/« 
which he owes hrm for fish without tallies." 

Such bills or acknowledgments of debts as were entered in court, 
before the bailiffs, had generally annexed a clause, empowering the 
bailiffs to levy the debt upon the goods and chattels of the debtor, if 
the conditions of those obligations were not performed. The clause 
ran in this manner ; '' Et nisifecerit, concedit quod ballivi Jernemu-- 
^^thajierifadantprediciumdebitum de bonis et catallissuis,lfc." (i. e.) 
And unless he perform the agreement, he grants that the bailifis of 
Yarmouth do cause the aforesaid debt to be levied of his goods and 
chattels, &c. 

An instance of the execution of this article, we find in a memoran* 
dam in the i2th of Edward I. 

^* Johannes Gerberge attach, fecit homines de Ostend, pro defectu 
justic. in partibus HUs de quodam dtbito &c." i. e. '^ John Gerberge 
caused to be arrested the men of Ostend, for a default of justice in 
those parts^ for a debt of ^4. Is. in which debt Uankyn Taliard and 


William bis brother, and otberg, were bound to hiaii for whicb some 
of that society, and of those part8« entered into payment of the said 
debt ; viz, Bayding Kclyme for 3». Bondyn Fiiz Havyn for S9^ Wal- 
ter Nay for 3$. John Wynkard for 3<. nilliard Hawke for 3s. John 
Walke for 3s. Lambkin Ermund for 3s, Walter Peridan for 3s. See. 

A similar ose of this preromtiTe was attempted to be made in tbe 
27th of the said king> by authority of the king's writ, in a matter in 
which the burgesses of Yarmouth were not in any wise concerned ; 
and its failure was only owing to the irregularity or the proceedings, 
as will appear in the subsequent relation. 

During the time the king was in Flanders, one of his serraots^ 
named Nicholas de Montpeliers, had his dhip robbed and carried off 
by four Zealanders, with some other unknown accomplices, whi^h 
being laid before the king, this extraordinary m6de, of restitutioof or 
satisfaction, by reprisal, was recommended to be adopted by his wrtt^ 
as follows ; 

" Edward, par la grace de Dieu, roi d* Englterre, seigneur d^Ir* 
launde, et due i Jmdtaine aux bail^s de la vilk de Jememue, salut, 
%€.'* i. e. **' Edward, by the grace of God, king of England, lord of 
Ireland, and duke of Acquitain, to the bailiflb of the town of Yar* 
mouth, greeting. Whereas we have understood, by sufficient witness, 
that our beloved valet, Nicholas de MontpeUers, was robbed in jZea- 
land of a ship, by the people of the same country, while we were in 
Flanders, to the great oamage of the said Nicholas, as he can inform 
yon We command you that this plaint be truly examined on that 
behalf; that you cause the matters to be redressed in the best manner 
and at the most expence that you can, so that right and reason be done 
him. Given under our privy seal at Westminster, the 25tb day of 
October, in the 27th year or our reign.** 

Upon receipt of this writ, twelve Zealanders, then at Yarmouth 
fair, were arrested and committed to prison, though none of them 
were actually concerned^ or had any interest in tbe said robbery, or 
connection with the robbers. Upon the trial of this matter, the 
plaintiff produced several similar instances of attachmeot^ in 
support of the proceeding ; viz. two at St. Botolph, and one at KtfigV 
I^fnn, at the time of the fairs there, upon certain inhabitants of West- 
chapel, and pleaded, in consequence, that he ou'ght to recover bb 

foods &c. against the peers and commoners of Zealand. The defen- 
ants, in answer, alledged, that though they were of Zealand, tbey 
were not peers and commoners of ffestchapely in which liberty tbe 
robbery was committed ; and further, that according to the custom 
of Yarmouth, and the law current betwixt Yarmouth, and that place, 
(inter nos et vos) three letters ought to have been sent from that town to 
the count of Zealand, and there processes ought to be for him before 
the bailiffs and schabins of Jibe town, or libertyj of whose dominioa 
the offenders were; and because no letter was sent from that towii to the 
earl of Zeland, nor to the bailiffs and schabins of Westchapel, as is 
proved by the bailiffs of Yarmouth, tbey desire judgment, if the said 
Nicholas have any action or Complaint against them, who are not 
guilty of the said trespass, nor have letters passed, as is customary. 
Upon this the defendants were acquitted, principally, as is evidenl 
from the pleas of the defendants, on account of the irregularity of the 


proceeding, in not baviDg first applied for redress to the '^ magistrates 
or bead omcers of the place^ &c« as the ' 

said 14th article enjoins. 


Wb have before had occasion to mention the annual concourse of 
people to the spot where Yarmouth now stands, for the several pur* 
poses of catchingi curings and disposing of herrings, whence we 
inferred the origin of the free-fair ; in which it appears, the fishermen 
of the Cinque rorts were principals, and thence claimed and actually 
undertook, ihe government or that annual resort. We shall here, then^ 
resume the subject, aod, for the better information of the reader, re- 
late such particulars of the Cinque Ports as may be a necessary eluci- 
dation of their connections, and consequent disputes with Yarmouth. 

Les Cinque Ports that is^ the Five Ports, from their eastern situation, 
on the coast of Englaud, immediatelo opposite to that o( France, had 
acquired the reputation of sending out the most expert mariners of 
any in the kingdom, and were accordingly much confided in by the 
Kings of England, from whom they obtained a particular policy and 
jurisdiction of their own, were nominated, by way of eminence, the 
Cinque PoriSj and were governed by some nobleman, bearing the title 
of Lord' Warden. 

The five principal towns, from which they are denominated, are 
Hastings, Dover, Hithe, Romney, and Sandwich, to which several 
members were added. 

Camden says, that fVilliam the Conqueror first appointed a warden 
of the Cinque Ports, who, from the several customs and privileges 
granted them, continues to have the authority of an admiral, and 
issues out warrants in his own name. This officer, or limenarcha, the 
same author adds, seems to have been created in imitation of the Ro- 
man littoris Saxonici comes, or traetiis maritimi eomes^ the earl of the 
Saxon shore, or earl of the sea-coast, an officer with nine sea-ports 
under his charge, established for the defence of the coasts. 

Their grand privileges come from King John ; who being distressed 
to fit out a fleet of ships for the recovery of his Norman dominions, 
lately lost, indulged them with a charter, on condition that they should 
provide for him^7 ships for forty days, at their own charge, as often as 
the wars he was engaged in, should give him occasion to demand them. 

Amongst their liberties, the barons of the Cinque Ports had some 
privileges granted at Yarmouth; or rather, they were confirmed ; for 
they bad holden them by prescription long before. But these privH 
leges interfering with some of those granted to the burgesses of Yar» 
mouth, by the same King, occasioned such confusion, discords, 
outrages^ and domestic wars, as perhaps were never before known, 
for so long a time, between any two communities in the British do* 
minions; and which were sometimes carried to such horrid extremities^ 
that the whole nation was alarmed at their mutual d*^predations. ' 

These seem to have originated from the idea that each entertained 
of their own importance from these newly acquired grants, and a con* 
sequent tenacity of their particular privileges, at that time, perhaps, 

TOL. XI. Yy 


scarcely ascertained. And this appears tfae viore probabfe, if we con- 
sider/ that (as we have before intimafed) the sole inanaeemeiit of the 
fair, whence the town arose, was originally in the CinqueFariSf thoogh 
afterwards io conjuaction with the King's provost, audi after the 
incorporation^ with the bailiffs of the town. 

At the time when our Kings had real, as well as nominal possessions 
in France, the Eshernien from the coasts of France, Flanders, 
Hollar^, Zealand, &c. as well as those of England, resorted to this 
fair, together with a great number of merchants and traders from most 
of our capital inland towns; whence the several orders, dites, and 
decrees, issued from the throne, for the mutual advantage of the bailifia 
of Yarmouth and the Cinque Ports, will not appear extraordinary. 

That the Cinque PotU first sent bailiffs to Yarmouth, to superintend 
the fair, we have before observed ; and though that parade has been 
a long time discontinued, a short account of it may not be onenter« 

The number of bailifis sent was not always the same. In the ISth 
of Edward I we find ten in commission ; but it is to be observed that 
only the five ports and the two ancient towns (Rye and H'inchelua) 
were concerned in sending them, the members beijig exempted. In 
that year, we find Hastings sent one bailiff, Dover one, Hithe two, 
Hye one, Romney two, ff tnchelsea two, and Sandtnch one. They were 
generally preceded, in their formal entry, &c. by four serjeanis ; the 
two first carrying white rods, the next a banner, or standard, the other 
a horn. 

When seven bailiffs ivere sent, they were the seven representatives. of 
the aforementioned seven towns, each town sending one. When ei;irht 
came, two wer^ from Wincheisea, and one from each other town. 
V hen nine came, two were from Winchtlsea, and two from Deter or 
JHithe, the rest one each. When there came ten, two were from M7if 
chtlsea, two fiom Dover, two from Hithe, and one each from the 
remaining four towns. But this order was not always inviolably pre« 
served, as may be seen by .the foregoing instance of the ISto of 
Edward I. 

After Yarmouth and the Cinque Ports had obtained their respective 
charters, the frequent riots, and dissensions between them, onaecoont 
of their liberties and privileges, occasioned the granting that famo|is 
ordinance, called the dite, whereby King Edward I. in his 5lh year, 
confirmed den' ^nd strond to the Cinque Ports, at Yarmouth, and 
granted ihem several other liberties there, which he further confirmed, 
in his charter to them the following year. And by a special pardon 
granted to Yarmouth by that King, in his iOtb year, it appears that 
several trespasses and damages were done to the ports, upon the sea 
coast, as far as Shoref am and Po