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This "O-P B<x>k" Is an Authorized Reprint of thf 
Original Edition^ Produced by Microfilm-Xerography by 
University Microfilms, Inc., Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1964 



%A — 






nmB vtwwwMMan uoirmaAnoimy bt ■xamw.iii fsom ahgiivt aitd uodmbx wbitibs ; 
▲mnrr lo no» of otkib LAHonAou, aitd ■bpiciailt thb iroBrHiBir; 
■munvo MAVT stBiaiy wmoH, though how OBSounn or iMOLAXDy wbbb io&icbblt 
OMmoH 10 aoa oommns ; Iahd uucidatzho hahohal bitis, oubiomb, ahd 

















I'"/- 'y/cten 

• I 








Wont aol fsoad nnd«r thii ltll« 


TUt Ullw !■ «Md in tht foiBuilioa of diminntiTSft. 
Una la Gkna., A"^ ■mnti11% igniculiM, is doriTMÌ 
fron JÒMm. iflBÌa 2 iiMMiiJhL «flfim_ homiiiieiiliifl (B. 
flNMfitmy from mtm, fit ScUr. nrni^ filiolu, from 
4ia» fflio^ a ion. V. Waoht. Phd., BmI fl^ to. K. KL 

SfaallAr oiamploo ooonr in 8., m SUrk, q. t. In dif- 
flwHit ooBntioi, and oopooially in the Wool of S., oe or 
oefc it mod to a tonnination of nomoo whon ffivon to 
oUldion, M Jamodt^ from Jamu^ fto., alio m noon* 
frkieh hata a iimilor application ; aa ^omocI^ a littlo 

B baa baan otaar?ad^ indoed* that tha 8. langoaffo 
paaMMoa tvo^ in aoma matanoaa thraap drareaa of di- 
■daation, axpnariva of diffuonoo of aflì^ nlation, aiaa, 
ftoL In Cljaaa.. wliaia tha falhar ia AMiei^ tha aon ia 
hmàit tha araadaon hamoek, IVom moa, ara fonnad 
a uttla nan, aioaaodL ooo who ia doerepit 
diadnntÌTa^ and mo aaifa i, aa in B., a dwarf. 
WUla'fad aignifiaa a jonth or atriplin& iaddk danotaa 
aaa nndar m aga of nabaitT, iaadockt a boy who haa 
aol val goaa to aehool, ìadJakin^ a boy in anna. Dr. 
Gadoaa mantioaa CDor diminntÌTaa ; aa from Iom, — 
laaqr, fa i i i l , laafjiy^ and iamUAm IVana. 8oo., Antiq. 
&, p.4ia. in^ «(Mi» and wi^odw ara darÌTatiTaa 
from B. «0(^ Tha lattar ia oommon, 8. B. 

II aaama» howarar, not to hava baoa l a ati i ct ad to 

diminatrrai^ but to hava baan naed in tha f ofmation of 

of a flnnaral daacription. Thaa wtrnk^ rmk^ a 

waa piobably from naa-oa, to nm. It haa tha 

aama fenanl aaa m Qarmany. 

Il aaanu alao ooeaaionaUy naed in fanning Indicrona 
daaignatinna ; aa daggotk^ a woman who haa bar gown 
alooad with mira ; fiaiffok^ a diild'a tc^. 

KA,#. Y.Kat. 

[To EAA, Kaw, Ca, v. o. To chase, to 
dxÌTe; as, ^to haa sheep;** part.pre$. kaainj 
used also as a a* S. 

**To kaa whalaa" ia a ooounon phraaa in Orkn. and 
ShatL, whafo thaaa animala often appear on the ooaat 
in large nnmban. Aa aoon aa they ara ai^^hted, the 
flahannan nnt off in their okiflb, aet ontaide of the 
hold, and tf making a noiaa with UMÒr oara, ahooting 


and throwing atonaoy 

^'Aaa** tha whalaa into 
and ara aoon 

ahallow water, where they ran agroond 
killed. V. Oiooa. Orkn. and 8haB.] 

[Kaain, f • A driving or kaaing of whales ; 
alsO| the number of whales in a herd or 
drove, Orkn. and ShetL] 

[EAAE, Calk, s . Chalk.] 

(To Eaak, v. a. To mark with chalk.] 

[ElAAM, s. A mould for casting metal into 
bullets, Clydes., Orkn. and ShetL] 

[EAAMEHIL, «. The beam from which a 
butcher suspends the carcase of an ox.] 

[KAARM, «• A mass or hmf of dirt, ShetL] 

[To EAAV, V. n. To snow heavSy.] 

[Kaavie, s. a heavy fall of snow, ShetL] 

EABBELOW, «. 1. Cod-fish, which has 
been salted and hung for a few days, but 
not thoroughly dried, Ang. 

2. The name given to cabbage and potatoes 
mashed together. Loth. 

Belff. kobbeUtntw, Germ, toftftafaa, 8w. iabefja, Dan. 
kaoei^aa^ ood-fish. 

[EABBIE-LABBY. «. Confused speaking 
many persons talking at the same time, 
ShetL; altercation, wrangling^ BanfFs. Y. 

^o Eabbie-labbt, 9. A. To altercate, to 
wrangle; part. pres. kaNrie4abb^\ used 
as a s. and as an adj. As an adj. it is used 
to imply fretf ul^ quarrelsome, Banffs.] 




B^ «. A thowl, or strong 
keeping en oer eteedr. She 

Tb KAOKT, 9. n. <«Todang,*OLShirrefs, 
and Ficken. V. Oaokie. 

1V# Kaokt^ Caokib, 9. a. To befool 
eranre^ S* 

Oil at tt« btA don fiMt dM ddU. 
Aid looi'd a VMkk wl' MM biods ; 
^ BhtMftMJookfera'UipridB.àe. 

Cbwilry r«Wiii^, Hwd't Ooa, U. $0. 

rKADDIE» Caddie. •• An ill-natnred per- 
eon, a fpoQed chil^ Orkn. and ShetLj 

KADES, «. pL Giren ea the designation of 
• disease of sheep ; Campbell's Jonm^ i. 
SS7. Y.Fioa. 

ToB:AE»«.a. Eiq>L ** to inyite." 

«*Jbi BMb sad rn fat joo," & Fnr. ; •'■pokoi 
'^— STMlpMpla iiiTÌto sad IamI one uiollMr, and 

Mj^aol tha poof." KaUy, p. 827. 
I aai aol aoqaaintod with i 

^ thiawoid. Itmaybava 

^ aftv tfaa a. fenn Ca\ In tfaa mom aonao with 
M il ooooEO in Luka ST. 18; 13: •«Wbanthoa 


M poor, in 

iSrirp Angus, 

, ^_, .Aeams; as, '^Jum wi jronr 

fudreny^ away with jonr nonsense; Kaighf 

IlisaqBÌvalaofttoMcMoayÌBB. Aa JTswoo, (pfo> 
MMad 10 nf&àìj that tha a ia acaioaly heardj ia 

^ oaad lor fl^ at0^ ^**« J?*^ otnaif ; fac 
laralT a inrthar abfacariatioii. Taat. Ie» how- 
ffaadwad, latMjaotio Tarioa afibotaa aifiicam^ 

[KAE, «. A neat little person ; used as a 
tenn of affection. Metaph. meaning of 
tOf ioi, iojf, a jackdaw, Banff s. 

(ToEAE,v.n. Tocaw^Banffs.] 

[To EAOOy 9. €u To grieve, to rex, Orkn.] 

[KaìGOIT, pari* pL . Grieved, vexed, ibid.] 

KAID, «• The sheep-lonse. Y. Kid. 

To KAID, 9. a. To desire the male ; applied 
to cats, Domf r. Y. Cats. 

KAEonro, $• The state of a cat desiring the 

KAlDlHO-TniB, «• The period during which 
eats are thus inclined, ibid. 

KAIF, adj. Tame; also familiar. Y. Caif. 

lAIKAR, «. A baker of cakes. 

••Tha fatttoifarif war ooawict for tha lallÌDg of 
kaikta.'* Abaid. Baf.» A. 1641, V. 17. Ca 

KAIL, Kalv, $. 1. The herb in E. called 
oolewort, S. It is osed indeed as a sort of 
generic name, not onlv denoting all the 
species of colewort, bat also cabbages, 
which are denominated bow4mL 

**Thara ia iaU, potatoao, tarnip^ aad ararj kind of 
firdaa nota." P. Gobpia, Suthari. Statiat. Aoo., u. 
is. y. Oaar, 9. 

**Tha TiUaga waaoBora than half a mila long^ tha 
aottagaa batng trregiilaiiy dividad hooi aach othar by 
aardaii% or yarda, aa tha inhabitanta call tham, of 
aiffamt aiaea, whara (for it ia Sixty Yaan ainca) tha 
BOW imÌTaraal potatoa waa anknown, but whidi wara 
atored with gigaatio planta of kaU or odlawort^ ao» 
eiielad with groraa of nattlaa» and hara and thara a 
laiga haailock, or tha natiooal thiatla, ovanhadowing 
a Qùurtar of thapattv indoanra.'* Wararlay, i. 104. 

Waddarbum haa baan at paina to diatingniah tha 
diflEareat kioda of oolawort oonunoaly oaad in hia tima. 

"BiMiicn, great haU, anlookad. Bnaaioa craitata 
alb% whita lookad fail. ^ Bnwaica oriapa, friaafad or 
^i ul^ Juiit Braaaica Biinor. rniall^r knil f7an1ii. a 
faJ-atodL" Voeab., p. 18. 

UL Dan. kaai, id. Sw. kaai, oabbaga. 

Tha laL word tool ia naad in a ainffakr oonaazion» 
in tha anawar mada by Olafa, Son of Harold* King of 
Norway, to Canata tha Great Whan tha Uttar had 
oonqnared Rngland, ha aent maeaangara to Olafa^ 
reqouing that, if ha widiad to retain poaeeaaion cl tha 
crown of Norway, ha ahoold coma and aoknowladoa 
himaelf to ba hia Taaeal, and hold hie kingdom aa %Jm 
fipomhim. Harold reoUad: *'CanataalonareignaoTar 
DenmariL and EnaUno, havinj^ alio anbduad gnat part 
of Scotland. Now, ha anjoina ma to dalÌTcr np tha 
kingdom left in inharitanoa by my anoaatora : Iwt ha 
mvat moderate hie daairea. Ear kveri man Amm atan 
aetla ai tia kaal aUi a Englamdlt I\frr man faim thai 
^/rìoa^ enn ae faera faaam aa eina MÌùngJ* litarally; 
••Doaa ha aOana attla to eat aU tha fail of En^^d? 
Fimt mon ha work thia, era I raiaa up my haid to him, 
or loat to him or any Tthir." Start Haima. Kr. 
Johna. Antiq. C. Scand., p. 276. 

2. Broth made of greens, but especially of 
oolewortsy either with or without meat, S. 

Iha Moake of Malroa made gada hmtt 
On Friday whan they UmL 

a^B^^Hw ^^^RB^^y N^av^^s^vs mt^ ^^S * 

Oa thea aft Scotland ehowihar cccd» 
In eoapla ecoMa, tha vale o' fbcd I 
Or tambUa ^ tha bdliag Scad 


Aa many harba wara pat into tha Scotch kinda of 
broth, hanoa fatf came to aumify òroCA." Sir J. 
Sindair'a Obaarr., p. 147. 

** A. Bor. coje, faoi^ or kaU, pottaga or broth mada 
af cabbage ;** Oroaa. Tha levnad Lhnyd mantiona 
Arm. faiM, id. ; adding that "thia word rana throcif^ 
many langnagea or dialaeti, and ia nothing bnt tna 
Latina Cm/ti^ a lynonyma of braaaica, caUed thenca 
Golawort.'' Bay'a Collect., p. 124» 125. 

I haaitatad for aoma tima, whether tha generally ra> 
acivad idea, that tha name of haU ia eÌTen to broth ia 
S. aa always implying the idea of ita oaing mada with 
▼aSfteUea, and especially with coleworta, waa alto* 
graiar well-foanded. Tha gronad of heaitation waa tha 
dreamstanoe of C. B. cam, being given by William 
Bicharda aa tha sanaral name for pomdge or pottaga, 
and alao for bro& ; and leèk*poindge being rendarad 
€atiti coiaia, where tha aenae of tha generic name ap- 
pears aa lÌBBÌted by the addition. Bat, on farther ex- 
amination, I find that tha tann cats! not only aignifiaa 
'^aay kind of pottagea or gmal, in which there la cab- 





bigtb or ft adztan of any other iMrbt, a hodge-podg^" 
m alaa oabbtgib ool«wort» fto., in thair aalarai ■late; 
tad Owan ■••mi Jattlj to hava arrea tha latter aa the 
wteaiy ■icntfioatMm ; whereea Thooiaa Bicharda has 
favacted tlus Older. Caa< ia A.^» ia ooofined to the 

of Bnariois (MUm, '<oolee or oolaworte,'* Som. 

It al^o aanunae the forma of eoiil and eaiM^ Ijya. 

8. Uiwd metonymicallj for the whole dinner; 
aa oonstitatinfl^ among our temperate an- 
oeaton, the pnncipal part^ S. 

BCeoaSb in gÌTÌng a fiiandly inTitaikm to diaaar, it is 
nr-— ^** to uàj, ''Will yon oome, and tak joar taU 
wi'mal** Tfaj^ai a leaned friend obeenree^raMmUeB 
tfM Wmuk iantatioii, Vonlai Yona venir aBaafw la 

"Bat hMir yp aeiahboBr,— if je want to hear any 
thtng aboat laog or •hort eheepb^i will be hack heia to 
Mtetf Meisft ana o'dook." Talea of my Ijmdioid, 


BabbfiTi or Babefoot kail. Broth made 
without meatt Loth.; the same with tfblcr- 

Thm aDnflkm k avideatly to a penon who is not en- 
ibend with ftfti T f ri ng* and ehoea* 

KsJXà^VLLf i. The dinner-belU S. 

Bat heik t the WI4i» iio«^ aad I 

MaoB fae link eff the pot ; 
Ooma ■••. y* haeh, how ■air I sweat 

Tto stn yoor gati. ye aot 

JMig muTliadffe, Herd's OolL, iL lOOL 

Vkoa time iauaf&mùrìal, one of the towa-bella has 
daily rang; at a certain hour, on evety lawf nl day 
asoaat Satarday, to laoiind the good citiaene of Edin- 
hnffL to repair to dinner, leat &ey shoold be apt to 
fotnt thia neosesary part of the work of the day ; or 
penapa to giva a hint to castomers, who might be so 
m di a c i ea t aa to prolong their higgling at a Tory an- 
naaonsMs time. At this sommons, hJf a eentary ago^ 
■hops wen ahBOst aniyarssUy shot from one to two 
voooky F»ii« 

**Ib 176S— 4t WM a oommon practica to lock the 

■hope at one o'dook, and to open them after dinner at 
twa** Stat. Aoo.» Edia., Ti. tea. 

EAiirBLABBy «• A leaf of colewort^ S. 

•• asfthariah, Smylia'a black ram— they bed laid in 
Myaie's bed, and keepit frae baaing with a gade fother- 
h^ of Mf-MMlts.'* B. Oilhaiae, u. 2ia 

KAIL-BB08B, «• A sort of pottage made of 
meal and the scum of broth, S. v.Bbobb. 

Kail-OASTOOK, «• Thestemof theoolewort|S* 

— *«A bsgoar laeeÌTad nothing bat a kaSUatioek,'' 
aa. Bdin. liag. V. Pen, s. 2; and CAsrocK. 

Kaxl-oullt, 9. A laige knife, used in the 
oountrjr, for cutting and shearing down 
ooleworta, S. 

A Isag Asfl^alhr hang down by his afale. 

/asMMMi's Pkynl. BsllL, L SOI 

yATTifii, adj. Producing many leaves fit for 
the pot; a term applied to ooleworts, cab- 
bages, ftc^ Clydes. 

yAn.KKNNm, «• Cabbages and potatoes beat 
together or mashed^ Lanarks. 

This baa probably been ofigiaaUy tha SMBa with a a 
caW-oeaaia, leek-poiridga. 

Kail-pat, Kail-pot, a. A pot in which 
broth is made, S. 

*'Set aaa of their noses wititia the smell of a Ml- 
pai, aad their lags within the eonnd of a fiddle, aad 
whistle them back if ye eaa." The Pirate, L 8S6. 

'*jraif.iio<,pottags-pot, North.** Qrosa. 

Kail-bunt. V. BoirT. 

Kail-6ebd, «• The seed of oolewort, S. 

"DeoIaratioB, containing a description of the method 
of raising k aii t eed , from barying the blades ia tha 
earth, transmitted by the Lord CoItìL** MazweU's 
Set TVans., p. SB88. 

Kail-bbllbb, «• Agreen-grocer,onewho8eI]a 

Amonff those beloogiag to Aberdeea, who were slain 
in a batUe with Moatroee^ mention is made of *' John 
Colder iatf-eeUer thace.'* Spaldingp a 241. 

Thia profession, area so umg ago, was distinct from 
that of frniterar ; for in the aame liat w^fiad '« John 
Nioolaon.^ii«taiaa there." 

KàUrèTOCÈLf t. A plant of coleworti S. 

They felled all oar heas and cocks, 
Aad rooted oat oar kaiUrtocH. 

CbMr« JTm* i>tass P. L F ML 

Thea int aad fMeoioeL thro' the kaU 

loaglit aaosL 

8w.ioa£rfot; the stem or stalk of cabbage; Wid^ 
TWm, kaaMlh id. 

Kail-wife, t. A ffroen-woman, S. a conunon 
figure for a sool<L 

It's foUy with Aaa-«0ÌtM to flyte ; 
Sooie dogi bark bast after they bite. 

CkUm£» i Vnas, p, V± 

Tntìk could not get a dish of iish, 

For cooks aad MI-tMMe baith rsAis'd Uia, 
Becaase he pkiated of their dish. 

• JPimaennft's ^paas, pi Sa 

**Tha qaaaas was in nk a firty-farry, that they 
began to misca' ane anither like MJ^wJaef." Joomal 
frmn London, p. 8. 

**The whole show— came into the Hall ; a atately 
maiden madam, in a crimson mantle, atteaded by six 
canyiag baskets of flowers, scattering roond 
Bi«Uiiig herbe, with a moot oiajestical air, lead- 

iag tha Tan. She waa the king's kail-wife, or, aa they 
oau her in Londoo, hie Majeety'a herb-wooian.'* The 
Steam-Boat, p. 215. 

Ejol-worm, 5. 1. The vulgar designation of 
a caterpilUr, S. 

2. Metaph. applied to a slender person, dressed 
in green. 

"I heard that green kail'worm of a lad aama hia 
ICaJesty'e health." Talee of my Landlmd, u. 77. 
Dan. kaalorm, id., arm, signifying Tennis. 

Kail-tard, 8. A kitchen-garden ; thus de- 
nominated, because colewort is the principal 
article in the gardens of the conunon people, 

**Tlie Society schoolmaster hasa salary of 10 L with 
a dwelliag-hoose aad sohool-hoase,— a kaH-faand, with 
an aors A gronad.** P. Far, SatherL Statist. Aco., 

» % 




mmmM and dMimd. tfa^ emu did aol rtiMÌr it» 
Wi ftMd^ Ml ftlMtimW, tfa^ la tha walk tUuid M 

for a OtlU'TQrdt'u^,t a littla nidi 
boilft anav npoo aBOtbar I 
• fMdaaof oabbagat alao^a gaidao 




T» Be0k with leyere repiehenaioo, S. 

I. To neefc with what causes bitterness, or 
ttflCOT|^ repentance^ as to any course that 
eoe has taken, S. 

fii allHÌQB la Iwolh bamg mada bitlar and uapala- 
SiUa ia ^joeaMaanoa of bainc im^|^ ^wy^iraM^ 

lb On ami ma kail thbouoh thb beek. 
1« Td give one a severe reproof, to subject 
to a oonpletè scolding-match, S. 

•*nij SiS 401 IIm aad«n% aad I tiiink tha^ 90$ 
mm ttair Mb OfWflA Ike rwkl Baataida o' tha 
hHa «f BtMoA waa tiM bMt woida in thair waaM." 
TU« «f ^ iMdIotd, liL 12. 

1. To ponish with seyeritj, including the idea 
cf semething worse than hard language, S. 

la tiMOlanayla folk, and tha Olanfin- 
Idar lad% lia may oooM to fl<8 yon your 
iAifadk" Eob Boy, iii. 7A. 

To oaf oirr o' a Kail-taibd. Y. Call, 
Oaw, w. 

EAIL-STRAIK9 9. Straw laid on beams ; 
andentlj used instead of iron, for diying 
com, 1 v>tK i 

To KAIM9 Kahb, Eeme, o. a. To comb, S. 
pari. pa. himmgt^ combed. 

Oil flu Mho ayiaadia fcr hit tyndii hiiL 
na d«a alia nil oft tyma AflM wald teaa ; 
AbA Ma OTii vaMha ia tiU aoa fbotaaa dam 

O ipia vfll Aaaa ay yalloir hair. 


JfiBiftary Bordtr. JL WL 

aairi" Banuay'aS. Ptot., pi 47. 


TaAaaMapaiMi CAa haèt^ to oppoa% 8. 

Bal «h« tiMT MO bow I am goidad htia, 
Thay viaaa imd to nekon laog I faar. 

I My^ ayisIL theyVi aaa to Acnaa 
fAaMr,»iddi ~ 


^^'^*, a. A comb, S. 

; At has atefwa Um kins'* laddi^ AoMS 

tha qatan bar wadding knib, 

tta tonm to Cbimichaalt 

Tb aaaia yoB^ Logia frt hit life 

0B.4S. Daa. Balg. Aaai, A.-S. eam^ Alam. eoai^, 

ik f&tm baara a llgoratiTa aanaa in a prorarb 00m 
laTMotd. I ^'^ baa facocht an iU ~ 


btadi" iiatifytog thai ona baa brooghl aoma 

#• A woolcomber. V • Eeme. 

Kamtno olatth. 

«*It«B, ana loaiya^ c&^ aawil with Uak lOk, and 
aaa bnird elaitb thauto.— Itam, ana kaia of tema of 
gnam valvol." LiTantoriaa, A. 1S70, p. 282. 

Thia ia partof "tbo dathing lor tha kingia Majaaty " 
wbila a tay. Tha naa of tbo oombing doth will ba 

y. Kaxii» Kaiii. a. 

E^AIM, Eamb, a. 1. A low ridge, Lanarfcs. 

2. This term in Ayrs-is used to denote the 
crest of a hill, or those pinnacles which 
resemble a cock's eombf whence the name is 
supposed to haye been given. 

Hm tarm baa a aimilar apnlication in Sbatland. 
** JToiai ia a nama ganandly givan to a ridga of 
bUk.** IMmonaton'a ZatL laL, i 139. 

8. A camp or fortress, S. 

'*Tha tbrta lairda wara ontKwad lor tbia offanoa ; 
and BareUy, ooa of thair nnmbar, to aertan bimaalf 
from jaalica^ araetad tha haim {L*., tha camp, or for- 
trtat) of Bfathart, which atanda upon a rookv, and 
ahaoal inaooaiaibla paninanla orarhanging tha Gannan 
ooaan.** Minatrt^y Bordar, iL 878» N. 

" Hia ronta, which waa diffarant from that which ha 
bad takan in tha morning; conduotad him paat tha 
amatt rvinad towar, or rather Taatiga of a tower, called 

1^ tha oonntejr people tha Xom of Daraolangh." Ony 
Mannarin^ iii. 123. 

It ia aaid of one in tiio Pariah of Newton, a few 
milaa Sonth-aaat from Edinboivh: "It ia eTÌdently 
altogalhar artifidaL Tha peopto of the ooontry bare 
alwi^ya oaUad it tha ktrìm, aappoaed by aome to be a 
aoKinlion of the word canm, bat which in the 
Scottiib dialect ia of t^ ) aame tmjport with the Engliab 
word eoaiA. What ia here called the Aotm, baa no 
Ttaambltnoa to a Roman camp, or to tha ria^t aliaa<hr 
daa orib ed, aa ariating in moontainooa diatriota. It 
mnal baya bean a work of great labour, and rtaemblea 
mora the rampart of a dty than any inferior object. 
Ibroagbont all Sootbnd, email ridgea, thoogh eW- 
danUy, or at laaat apparently, formed by natara» 
reonTo the appellation id Koim*/* Baantiea of Scot- 
land, LS29. 

"Baal from Mortonhall art the twoZoMu; in which 
tbaia bava bean Tariooa fortificatioDa. And theae are 
tha origin of tha name; forXoim^inonroldlangnaga^ 
agnifiea campa or fortificationa." Aoe. P. Libaorton, 
Tkana. Anti^. Soo., i. 304. 

Perfaa^ it majr deaarra to be mentioned, thai Dn 
GMiga giraa a nmilar aanaa to the Fr. word eofafte. 

Agnun foaaaaan terrain tnmnli modnmeloYatamon- 
itun, Cbaiòa alicaU Tocant. V. TwmJba, 2 ooL 1337. 

4. JTatniy as occurring in the desiCTation of a 
place, has been explained ^ crooked hOL'* 

**In the middle of theee appearanoea ia the Hole- 
ban^-knowe ;— «nd a little way abore them thm 
JTotaii originaUy i>im Caai, the fort on the crooked 
bill, from />Mn, a fortified hill, and Cam, crooked.** 
Notea to Ptameeaik*a Doacr. Tweedd., p. 122. 

8a.-0. hoMt Tortex, anax, naed to denote the aom- 
nut of a boaaa. In Moa. Sax. ham ngnifiea the aom- 
mit of a monnd. Idiot. Hamb., p. 365, ap. Ihre. 
Some aappoaa, that thia ia an obliqae aenae of ham, aa 
aimiifying dthar a oock'a conib, or the crast of a 
hdmel Hire contenda that it it radically a different 
word ; and probably of the tame family with Fr. dime^ 
the biriieat part of a mountain, of a booae, of a trte, 
Ao. Tbia baa been deduced from L. & daia, denotiiy 
the anmmit of treat and harba; which, laidor. aay% ia 
q. ooaia; Oiig. I200l 63. 



lb KADC dbm, «. a. To strike with the 
forafeeti applied to a hone. Whea he 
ifankM io at to endanger anyone near him, 
it la laid, / ihoyghi h§ wad has haiaid him 
dowhi SeUdriu. 

KAIN, KAor-iowLa. Y^Ganb. 
rCAIB,«. Much handling, constant working 
with, Banff 8.] 

[To Eaib, 9. a. 1. To separate the bits of 
straw from oats, barlev, Ac, bj throwing 

• the miztnre over the nands, and retaining 
the straw in the hands, ibid. 

%. To mix, to mingle ; nsed with prep. Ike- 
jfjCiUr, ibid. 

S. To handle mnch; nsed with prep, amonkt 

[Kaiuh*, jMfi. j>r. Used as a «• in each of 
the meanings given, ibid.] 

ITATR^ t. A mire» a puddle, Fife, earre^ A. 

Bor. a hollow place where water stands ; 
* Baj. Sw. iJMfT, Isl. kiarmjfrar^ palndes. 


KAIBDyi. A gipsy. V.Caird. 

KAIBD TUBNISKS. ^ Small base money 
made by tinkers ;'' OL Spalding. 

**1hsAaM imimn rimpltttter dueh«rged, m fdoa 
mbsfim/' TivMrn^LlVt. V. Gaird and Tuana. 

KAIBDIQUE, «. Gorr. from Quart (Peisu^ a 
Fr. coin, in yalne 18d. sterling. 

••OldMBtS «Im SPMM [tpMÌM] of mOIMJ tO DMMm 

At w««i*i~ lor the availM after ■pecifi«d ;— Tm 

BostMohk altTW pmidi, tha JTatn^JoiM 
iUlliaik'' AelB Cha. L, Ed. 18K vi- 197. 

EIAIBNEY, «. A small heap of stones. 

Jwij NattlM, Jtmiy NfttlM. 

Avfaranllj e dimia. from CAxaN, q. T. 

EAntS,«. pil Bocks through which there is 

A.«a Mrr, a rook. TkMt an slss callad afeain^ 
V. SKAia. 

HAIB-SKYN,«. A calf s skin. 

••Am balf Inuidar lam tàyniùa, xx hair ai^ymitt.'* 
àhmà. Biff.. A. 1561. 

KAISABT, «. A cheese-vat, or wooden 
vessel in which the curds are pressed and 
formed into cheese; also called ehizzard; 


TmSL hoBm^hord^ id. ibodIa» fisema. eaaeana: 
Kfliaa. Ona might alao aoppoae that th« Isl. retamad 
iha ndieal word, whenoalkt. cot-en^ Teat, hatte^ B. 
4«., aia dariTed. For laL key denotaa tha 
or maw whanoa tha lannat. S. aomia^, u 

focmad : aqoalioulo^. qao lao ^'yP^^^^;^^ 
pomit. jSU-. ocmdimantttm laotia ad ooa«^ 
ST^iaoarihoa TitiUi ; Kcie««r, inoaaortoa J O. ADdr. 

[EAISTE, pret. Dag, cleared away, Lind- 
say, DiaL Experience and ane Oourt^nr, l. 

To K AITQE, V. n. To appear, to shew one's 

Ba UbUIm, mr marria man, ha hlailfaa, 

Anyll Mil haiia tha wona, 
Oiaa M into this coontiia ImuIm 

&i<(ctt cfBalriwMat Poem SixUaUh Cwit, ^ •«* 

Not "coma." aa in OL !*,» ««^ •|J?l2^ 
orthogmphy of iTieA^ q.T- m Warffca la pat for òftWa- 

KATTHSPELL, Oaithspbll, «. 

«'Oafo aooarana loid— ▼ndantandiag tiiit tha 
howaia. higginm p«lli% i>"»T%JS22 ihSI 

in tha howidia--of tha prioria and abbay placa oi 
alaSLidSSS^for tha^iaiat pairt ahjdia dacayit 
ZSnSaftS powarand Ubartia tUl/)d0Uik DuJ of 
L2?^x-to JSa in faw farma-^nhataumawr particn- 
*im^nt!^t!baiihaodL oloiatar and grenu, and haiu 

li tha aama Act it ia writtan (7aa*fl)ea ..^„^, 

Thia moat probably ahould bara ^^/^^^^^^. 
OakhndL a tannia-conrt. or pUoa for pUym^ »t Oau , 
TS!SLSi^>9d. aphaaiiatarì^ locna axaroitio pilM 
diTttinnl** V. CAOBB-roLB. Catohfitlb. 

TB^AIVE, $. A tossing of the fore lew. 

rearing; when followed by prep, up, it 

denotes climbing, Banffs.] 
[To Kaitb, ». 11. 1. To toss the fore legs, to 

rear, ibid. 
2. With prep, tip, to climb, to scale, ibid.] 

[KAiviir, parL pr. Used in e^h of the 
above meanings both as a s. and as an oo;., 

[KAIVLE, #. A wooden bit nsed to prevent 
a lamb from sacking the ewe, ibid. 

Dan. kk^ UL h^ aamaU atiok.] 

(To Kaivlb, v. a. To fix a wooden bit in 

the mouth of a himb, to prevent it from 

sucking the ewe, Shetl.] 
[KAIVY, 9. 1. A great number of nersons 

or of living creatures, Clydes., Banffs. 
2. A place for keeping fowls, a hencoop, ibid. 

V. Cavib.] 

KAIZAR, 9. A frame in which cheeses are 
suspended from the roof of a room, in 
order to their being dried or preserved in 
safety, Fife. 

KAKERISS, 9. pi 

' L ana apinyna o! 

kfir. dia makilf 



M wdi te n« kkt" Abiid. Big^ Y. 16^ 1^ 

lb JMOto alw hoatde. lipoiii Fir. mAtfukr^ 
>9 or LiB. ■ewflar liiw, id.» tiM ii Uing Uuowd 

KALLXVEK t. That apedea of fiie-amu 

''nil dK cr ft dajr before, Jhom Cookbnnut eehip 
mmm la on of FlanaAri^ whMem wm thrie kistia m 
iiBrw'ii; fa Hkkkt 80 or «4 [40] peicea ; foarorfrTO 
ImI of pooldar, with aomo moMy in fiAmia.**. R. 
^ I'oTranaael., p.287. 

^[AliLOWED, porf. a<^'. Calved; ao, ''a 
B0w-kaIlowed ooo,'' ShetL IsL hdfa^ Dan. 

[KALWABT, odj. Cold, sharp; generally 
iqppliedlto the weather, ShetL] 

fAlONO CL AYTH. V. under Eadc, t. 

KAlfSHACHLE, aJg. Applied to what is 
dificolt to repeat. South of S* 

*'Bal than the dilogno [diologne] oomao in, and it 
ia aaa hmmtkmekk I oaaBft woid i( tlMmgh I omuia aaj 
W% ■ialaont aittMr." Biowiiio of Bodabeck, i 217. 
▼• GàMnAiranAo. 

[EA1IN,«. CSeremesfl, adrdtnessi capability, 

KaJSmnE^ adj. Fhident,&c Y. Cannt. 

. [KANKIE^ #• A yoke-shaped piece of wood 
between the stainmareen and stem, ShetL] 

KAP£B| •• A piece of cake, covered with 
butter, and a suce of cheese above it. Y . 

[KAPER-NOITED, lufy . Hl-natnred, f rac- 
tioii% ShetL Y. Capeb-noited.] 

KAB, Kabbiib, adj. Left-handed. Y. Eeb. 

PCARDOOS, «• A fine cut tobacco procured 
fiom tiie Dutch. ShetL Dan. Karduuè^ 
payer case for tobaoco«] 

KARL. Y.Cabl. 

KABBELTNO. Y. Cabaltnois, and 

yAKRI K WHlTCHrr, f. A fondling term 
for a child, Aug. 

bv Bob Jonaoa to denote the 

of a low woold-oe wit ; aa if it were a parody 

kai; IB aigni^jring "a pervcrae oonoeit^" 

*« AB tho lowlo i' tbe Fayto, I meane, aU the dirt in 

fltadtliMd (that'a one of Mr. Littiewit'a cancifeAeCa 

.aowi wiU bo thiowne atoor banner to-day, if the mat- 

t» doToaolpleaae the people." Bartholmew Fayre, p. 


KARtuS, Kestdb, %. A species of louse, in 
focm resembling a crab, which frequently 
infests the jfJbt^ of some of the bwest 
riasson, fl 

B. Chiblesaai Pedieotaa Tngoinali% or Pobia of 

Li Tent, it ia denominated nColliq!^ in 8w. /btfM^ 
from the datnaeaof ita form, aa Kilian obeenreo; VoJgOb 
padieolna planna, a planitio et latitndine oorporie | ItaL 

Taal huU ia oipL oraoa» iaeiaorai alao podez, om- 
■aa s and iari-€ii» erenaro, eobagitare ; laL AoHin ia 
iwdarad ramofdaaab O. Ai^. ; pnngena, Haldofeon. 
Hie latter givee forto ao aignifying aeabritie^ alao 
aooleoa, a amaU naiL 

Perhi^ the flrat qrUoblo ia loniied from 8a.-Q. 

^•'^^Ww a ^■w^^wifc^ 4eeH^^BS ^^^^^^ ^^^we 

[KASH, ». A pouch, a tobacco pouch, Shetl.] 

KATABELLA, Eatabellt, s. The Hen 
Harrier, Orkn. 

**Tbo Han Harrier (Moo oyaneoa^ Ion. Syal) hare 
ealled the tooMfa, ia a apeoiee Toiy often met with.** 
Banry'a Orkne^r. P- 812. 

Aa thia apeoiea of hawk ia extremely deatroetÌTe to 
yowup pooltry, and the feathered game^ (Penn. ZooL, 
p. 19Ì) it might eeem to have got an ItaL name ; Egti 

a im eolteaUe, ho ia a little onnning rogne ; Altieri. 

To KATE, 9. ft. To desire the male or fe- 
male; a term used only of cats, S. Y. 
Cate, Cait, Kaid. 

Ihia must bo radically the aame witii 0. B. " JTew- 
4p ae cattya. Gatello.— Jtawtfnf^ aa cattia. Oatillat* 
■a." Fkompt. Panr. 

BATE, Katie, «. Abbrev. of Catkerm§. 
KATHERANES, Kethabinbs. Y. Cat- 


[KATHIL, f . 1. A kind of drink, consisting 
of an egg whipped up» mixed with boiling 
water, cream, rum or gin, and sweetened ; 
called also egfJxUhU^ Banffs. 

2. Anything reduced to a pulp, ibid.] 

[To Kathil, v. o. 1. To reduce to a pulp, 

2. To beat with great severity, ibid.] 

KATIE-HUNKERS, adv. A tenn used to 
express a particular mode of sliding on the 
ice, especiallpr where there is a £clivity. 
The person sits on his or her hams ; and m 
this attitude is either moved onward by the 
first impulse received, or is drawn by a com- 
panion nolding each hand. Loth. 

It may be oonjeetored, from the nee of the abbrar* 
iation ol the name Catherine, that thia mode waa at 
firrt confined to girla. For the laat part of the word. 
V. Hvxucb, «., and HuirxxBS, jl 

[KATMOOIT, acf/. Applied to animals white 
coloured with black legs and belly, Shetl. 
IsL juufr, and mogoUr^ the belly of a dark 
colour : Scot, iyte, belly.] 

KAT06LE, i. The eagle-owl, Orkn. 

••The Ba|^ Owl (afrls 61160, Lin. Syat.) our hoi-ogle 
or §toek ewi, m bat rarely met with, and only on tlie 



ìdOj and nlÌNd ptrti of tht oomtry." Barry'i 

8v. fafci(|l«, kL y. Fmui. ZooL, p. 202. Dm. keU 
lÈgU »«0fMQk-«wL It Menu to iwmit* its name from 
Ms timmUimoa to aaol G«rm. Aoitf^ howeTer, which 
timvttm IB Ofiri. wfailo it is Tiawad by Mmo as ■jrnon. 
with AaC^ ftli% ia by othaca rendared q. Aa-al, aa 

iva of tiM hoooBf Boiaa nuda 

EATOURIS, «• pL Caterers, providers. 

Ha MOI aad Um /^ 0lid eryaad jMwi, 

Bilblr thir priaoM ay pak, m jmUiì of ponrsTorii,— 

To dtik fra tha wanmiwii, ai Kinsii Aotonru. 

AarfM^ iÌL 1, Ma 

KATY-HANDED, adj. Left-handed, Ayrs. 

**TIm Doetor and mm had graat sport nbont tha 
ipTtla awwd^— lor it waa vary inoommodiona to ma 
OB tha loft aidi^ aa I hava baaii all my daya kaiff* 
AomM." The Stsam-Boat^ p. 191. 

XridanUy a wofd of Caltitf origin. Chbol. dot^ach ; 
&. Biaek ; a & thmUh. ekwkkig, td. 

[KAT-YUOLy «. The eagle-owl/ Orkn. and 
ShetL Dan. taif a cat, ugU^ an owl; Sw. 
and IsL t^/o, A.-^* ule. Germ, euk, id. V. 

KAUCH (^tt), •• Cheat bostle, confusion, 
perturbation, OalL 

**Tb ba in a htmekf to bo in aa aztrsma flatter ; not 
kaowina whieh way to torn ; over head and ears in 
basiasH.'' GalL EacycL 

It aosBia to be the same word that ia used aa a v. 

8m laagWnft and kcntekinff, 
Ihoa fda woald fellow ma. 

il«U AMf , ibid. p. S49L 

Una BBBt be Tiawad aa tha same with Keach, 
Dnnlr. ; aad auMit probably with Caigh, denoting 
aaziaty, Banfr. Id. isiagg expresses a similar idea : 
Vaipitaa difleilia aab oaare ; hàgg^ aegre sub onere 
w p ooedefo i Haldoraoa. 

[KAVABURD, $. Snow drifted violently by 
the wind, ShetL IsL tafoj Teat kaven^ and 
bgrd, hird, thick, suffocating drift.] 

ToKAYE,r.a. ''To clean; toiavetheeom^ 
to separate the straw from the com ;** OalL 
EncjcL V. Gayb, and Keve. 

S^AYEL, Kbvel, Gavel, s. An opprob- 
rious designation, denoting a mean fellow. 

— Oowkiat^ hsnssis. and calroan kertìs,^ 

Jh mtar , MaUkmd FoemM, pi 109. 

Ana eapfC^ cnijiilk was asfer at the scale, 
WUl lin to Bome^ aad keip sae biachops mule ; 
And syne some heme with moay oolont crack. 
With ana bairdia of bsaafaices on his back. 

XfatfMy, iSL P. it, iL 22& 

— >— A' the rent bsgan to rsrel : 

The Bride about the King she skipped, 

nn oat stsits Csrie and CaveL 

Cmmirg W^ddimg, Waimm't CoU., ia 60. 

JCòigt I soapaetfe ia misprinted for ring. Carle and 
€fttml sssms to have been a proFerbiid phrase for, 
hoaeat aiaa aad rogae^ or all without distinction. V. 

bv eavel or lot, Act. Dom. Cone. V. 
Cayeix^ v. 

KAYEIf-MELL, «• A sledge-hammer, a 
hunmer of a Urge siae used for breaking 
stones, Ac^ Loth. 

This is appareiitly allied to IsL he^ baonlna, oylin- 
dma ; item palanga i Haldorson. V. Gavsl. 

[To K AY VLE, Eavlb, v. a. To take hooks 
out of the mouth of large fish by means of a 
small stick notched at one end, Shetl. Dan. 
iteofe, IsL kejli^ a small stick.] 

EA WR, s. pi. Galves, Banffs. 

Whan kft alaae, she eleant the hooss, 

Fst OB a bra' flra I' the chimlf , 
Than milkt the kfs sn' fed the Inter. 

Ti^loi^s d, FoemM^ pc 71. ▼. Causi. 

KAY, Ka, Eae, s. a jack-daw, monedula, S. 

Thik WBS the dad of Aaytt and enwis. 

Daater, Batuiaiym Fomt, pi SI, st 12. 

fla fest dedynys Cynthia the mone, 

Domg, VirgO^m^iS. 


■SU JS oo 


Bark like ana dog, sad keUl like aae las. 

Lgndm^9 WarUt, ISn, ^ 187. 

Baiaa writea Kae, iii. 2S. 

Tent. fa«, A.-S. ceo, AleuL ka, Belg. ta, hamwe, 
SB.-0. kaja, Morw. ibsoe, inye, Hisp. paio, Fr. gag, id. 

This bird ia abo by the Tnkar oalled ka watiie, bag 
wattie, S. B. This name would appear formed from 
Teat. hoMweU-em, vociferari instar monednlae, garriia ; 
to eiy, or ehatter like a jackdaw. Henoe, 

Eat-witted, Eae-witted, adj. Hare-brain- 
ed, half-witted, S. ; q. giddy as a jack-daw. 

*'That tae-wUied bodia o* a dominie'a turned his 
bans a' thegither." Campbell, i 329. 

EAYME, Kame, a. A wax hayme^ a honey- 
comby MS. cayme. 

He geit men mony pottis ma. 
Off a fate braid, round ; sad all tha 
Wer dep wp till a mean jn kae ; 
8a thyk, that thai mycht Ukn^ be 
1U a'wsz eaysie, that beis mais. 

Batwiir, XL ooo, MS. 

—Of thara krnd thaois list swarmis out bryng, 
Or in iaosief induse thara hony dene. 

DmV. VifgO, 28. S2. 
A. -8. hmMg<ttimò. 

EAY-WATTIE,*. Ajack-daw. Y. Eat. 

BL^ZZIE-CHAIB. Y. under Cassie. 

EIEACH, ^Eeaoh, s. Uneasiness of mind, 
arising f rcmi too great anxiefy about domes- 
tic a&irs, or hurry and pressure of business 
of any sort; bustle, anxious exertion; Dumfr. 
This is only a variety of Kauch^ q. v. 

EE AD Y, adj. Wanton. Y. under Caioe, v. 
EE AGE, Eetage, $. Duty paid at a quay. 

"The office of coUectory of the keage off the peir 
[mar] k dnety tharoffl" Aberd. Reg. ** Semblsble, 
the office of kegage." Ibid. 

O. Fr. quaiagt, quauage, droit que le marchands 

Sayoient pour dèpoeer leuer marohandises sur la qnai 
*aB port ; Boqaaf ort 



KBAP-STONE^ #• A eopestona. 

^Om Jmm Bd«; • mmhui la DyMri boag ««l 
UllW Igr tkt idl of * Amv-jCom or 9 of MM lodging, 
Ui MM VM bffviood iato pioooip and pio] ooror ■pako 

Xd KEAVE; «. o. To ìom the bonis in a 
ttoMtwning waj; » temi properly applied 
to iMfned cattle; to threaten^ Ettr. For. 

Aal took Ifct Biddm for^Sr l»fl. 
lid Uiird tho eov aklBt tho tail, 
' ^il oHdaoi thoBML 


I to bodUEnomt horn Càwe^ Kevt, 

KSAYIE^ #• A species of crab. 

**! Immo fooad thooo onbL wo call JTcovim; oatug 
" SUofa-fiA pooday.* SibK Fifo, p. 140. Sibb. 
" tiuoaathoOaaowlCaiaa. Il»d.,p.l32. V. 



#• A crooked piece of iron 
vsed for catching crabs, Fife. 

XEAYLE» «. «<Tbe part of a field which 
Mis to one on a dÌTÌsion by lots;*" GL 
. SuTF. Mbraj. Y. Catsl. 

KEAWyS. A jackdaw, OalL 

l:dd ftnjoar itorfMi eoM athwiit tlMir mladi, 

▼.En; - 

KEB^ 9m An insect peculiar to a sheep, the 
tick or sheep^loase, Aberd. Thisalsoisthe 
oolr name for it in Orkney; synon. Ked^ 

. JB^andFo;. 

**TUMni^ a d^^Aoeaii, adtio. Bodam^ a Ico." 
Woddoib um '^ Vocak, p. 10. 

jJUSB^ s. 1. A person of small stature ; 
gsnerally applied to inf ants, BanfiFs. 

S. Any creators small of its kind, ibid.] 

To KEB^ V. n. 1. To cast a Ismb immat- 
nrely ; a term often used to express that 
a ewe has an abortion, or brings forth a 
dead lamb; Border. 

'*Tho lognd aooo m tod lor this samo and i^pear* 
■BOO hf tho ealaotioplio of a notod and moat formid- 
ablo witok who fromiontod thooo hilla in former dayi» 
OBsripg tÌM owoa Co M^ and tho kino to east thoir 
orfioi, aad porf onning aO tho f oata of miaehiof aacribed 
tstfcoooonlboinffk'' lUoa LandL, i 41. 

t. A ewe is said to keofWhen she has abandoned 
her lamb, or lost it by death, or in whatover 
way^ Ettr. For. 

I aan awunJ, aa tho loooH of aoeniato inquiry, that 
th»Ì8tboa«iBaof tho woid in Selkirik., Peeblea, and 
iho amr part of Dnmfr. It woold aoem to bo tho 
anao alao m Qattowaj. ▼. Ks% i. 

KmBj s. a ewe that has lost her lamb, in 
whatever way, Ettr. For. 

T«5-€iNiL owoo thai hairo kMt thoir lambi^ ao 
liMmod lor DatohoKa" OaUL &MqroL 

Tho kto faigiahMM Dr. Lijdon, in hia GompL, haa 
oaid, that ** aTM-faaift ia a lamb tho mothor of whioh 
dioa when it ia yoaii|K. ** Yot it ia doniod by ahophorda 
of tho aoath that thia phraao ia in nao among thooL I 
hoTO roaaon, howovor, to bolioTo that, in Boxb., tho 
phniaa ''Moil lamb" iaaf^Uod to a kmb that haa 
Doan bom immatnroly. 

*'Than tho buf of thor lat iokkia foOonit oa tho 
falUa bi^tht jronia aad lammiab hMU and daiUOi*' 
OompL &• p. lOS. 

2. A sow-pig that has been littered dead, 

Thia may haro boaa tho orimnal aanae; aa moat 
noarly iq^roaehing to that of tho Tout. word. V. 
etymon nnder KsB. 

*'A ieb4amò; a lamK tho aiothor of which dioa 
whan it ia yonn^ ;** OL OompL O. & hèbòer aooma to 
havo been naed m a aimilar aenae ; rendered by Oonld- 
man. Cooper, Ac, oria rejionlai aa eqnÌTalentto CuUetf 

2. drawn ont of a flock of ahoep. V. Cowol'a Law 
^ct. The origin of thia word ia boriod in obaenrity. 
It ia, however, probably Goth. Tent, tabbe, kebbe, 
aooording to Kilian, aigninea a boar-pig^ poroellna : and 
we know that a yonng aheep ia called a kog, 8. 

EÈB, s. <" a blow f Ayrs., OL Picken ; id. 
Oall. EncycL 

GL B. etfft, a knock, a thwnp ; eoo-lmt , to thnmp ; 
Armor, eoi^ a atroko. [Dan. Tdep, a atidk.] 

[To Eeb, v. o. To beat sharply, to pnnish, 

KEBAR, s. [V. under Eebbbe, 2.] 

Weal tak' thee that t—vOe mtfalen creataie I 

For wha bat hatei a mTiM nature t 

Sic &te to flk onaodal Msr, 

Who lays a nara to wrong his neighboar. 

Th$ Sjpider, TuMmakUTa Foeiiu, p, 19S. 

Ptehifo a flgnzatÌTo nao of tho term KMrt, eaber, 
a rafter, a beui, like Cavd and Bung, QaeL eoòoire, 
howoTor, aignifiea a babUor, and eabkar any old bird. 

To KEBBIE, V. a. To chide, to quarrel, Ang. 

Sn.-0. iyiiha, lal. W-^ Belg. KM^ id. Sn.^. 
iff^ a qnaireL FromJai^ioa ia formed tho froqnontatÌTo 
V. ioMìa^ rixari, altereaii 

To theee Gael eiatpai^Mn, to contend, to quarrel, ia 
moat probably allied. Hencab 

Kebbie-lebbie, «• Altercation, especially 
as carried on by a yariety of persons speak- 
ing at one time, Ang. [V . Kabbie-labby.] 

A while in lilcttoe soowl'd the crowd. 
And syne a hèbylMjf load 
Oat op, an' twenty at a time 
Gee their opiniou of the crime^ 

n« iH>fr q^ PmUw, PL IS. 

To Eebbie-lebbie, v. n. To carry on alter- 
cation, Aug. 

EEBBIE, Eebbie-stick, «. A staff or stick 
with a hooked head, Boxb.; Crwnvnm^iaff^ 
synon. S. 

" Ane o* them waa gann to atriko my mother wi* 
the aide o* hia broedaword. So I gat up my kibbk at 
tliem,andaaid I wadgiethemaa.gnde." TaleaofMy 
landlord, iii. 11. 

Id. hfpP'T^ fnatia, mdia, oiaTa ; 8n.-G. Ifom, bacn- 
Ina, iHionoe thediminntÌTe Ao^; Dan. ìdep, ia,,kieppe 
dag, a cndgelling ; ItaL et^ppo, id. ; Moea-O. Mwpol- 



BXBBRE» «. 1. A pieoe of wood mad in a 
tkatdwd zoof • Y.Oabob. 

[t. MetepL, a siroiig penon of a Mnnewhat 
stubborn di^osition, JBanffs,] 

KEBFUOE, KsBUOKy Cabbaok, «• A 
ehaote; properly one of a laiger size, S. 

IM't nri 1^ «Im luc or tlM moon 
~ ' " thaMvafc 


**TUkt^bomÈ bk tht GAdiokaflugs obtuaa th« name 
of efaoel fM coòfaM^ in th* EngUth, or imthor Scotch, 
"^odbbnootoM." CbUoe oreSoocifc ngnifioo n cImom. 
P. Andorrior, laTWB. Stntnt. Ace, it. 91. 

In thn ooalh of 8. thiadodgnntioo it appropnAftod to 
a caoMo nndo of nized nilk. 

••▲kngo hMoek (a ehooM that ia mado with owe 
■ilk nisnd with eow'a milk), and a jar of aalt butter, 
vwaineommootothooQmpaaT.'' Talm of my Land- 
kid, iLlTOL 

GaaL oaky, n ohooao^ Shnw. Tba torm, howovor, 
. might ho ndkally Qothie, or common to hoCh 
knmiagM Vor K&ian amntioaa HoU. hobbt, oaaona 

KEBRACHy*. Yerjr lean meat. Loth. Y. 
Cabboch, Skbbbboch. 

KEBBirCH, #• Yeiy lean meat, Boxb. ; 
the lame with Cabroehf q. t. 

KEBBUCH, «. Meat unfit for nse, Fife. ; 
the same witii KAritehj also with Skubroch. 

KECHT, «• ^A eonsnmptive cougfaf Oall. 

TobIl keft, aoUwm \ I M irn^ kvitw atqvo inaniter 
v. Kioa. 

To KECK,«. ft. To draw back in a bargain, 
to flinch ; as, ^Tve kieMt^ I have changed 

my min<L and decline adhering to the offer 
I f ormeny made ; Boxb. 

TlMt. tek^ kOaoiak dolna ; U. Mfc-m^ rocnnraii. 

To KXCK^ Vm n. To faint or swoon suddenly, 

kL ikttfa, mpprimora, /bèìè-ks, doficora, are the 
ObIj tmrna I have met with which aeem to have any 

To IXCKLE, V. n. 1. To cackle as a hen, S. 

'*Oroeio^ Toeifefo nt oorma, to crow, to crowp, 
CHoflk^kAedU<Coeniio^— 4oorow.'* DrnpanlQiam., 

S. To laugh Tiolently, S. 

fTo Kbckis up, v. fi. 1. To regain one's 
wonted state after sickness, sorrow, melan« 
choly, or loss, Banffs^ Clydes. 

S. To show signs of joy, ibid. 

8. To show temper, ibid.] 

[KaoKLB, KBCKLIN, «• Noisy, giddy laughter 
or behavioury ibid.] 

vol. UL 

[Kbchuh, jmK. and adj. Much ffÌTen to 
langhinj^ of a light disposition, ibi£] 

KECKLXNG-PINS, s. pL Wiras for knit- 
ting stockingii Aberd. 

EED, s. The louse of sheep^ Tweedd. Y. 

**Tho ktd fkippèboÈoa ùfrima) moketi all aorta and 
age% bat paiticalarly hogs or vooag sheep. It har- 
Doon IB the wool, mtsa the shee^ and sacks their 
bkod : — Thm tick faoamurtduvimM)^ is a distinct specieo 
of vermin, haroasing the Umbs and trembling sheep in 
apring." BsmyeffighL Soc, iii. 43S. 

To EEDOE, V. ft. To toss about, to moTe a 
thinflf quickly from one place to another, S. 
Y« CACHBy Caich, Cadoe. 

EEDOIE, adj. Cheerf i^ &c Y. CAlQts. 

Tbmo oan he BO donbt that 0. B. ipde baa a oommoa 
origin. "XyikoriolyiQoUy]. Joeandna. Vemoooa. 
Hikria." Pkmnpi. Tter. 

[EEECHAN^s. A small rivulet, Banffs.] 

EEECHIN, s. In distiUation, the liquor 
after it has been drawn from the draff or 
grains, and fermented, before going through 
the still, Fife. After passing once throu^ 
the still, it is called LomM. - 

Ga el . ibii ae <ia , Bhis ^ yinthefl ^ s ^p^oo emofdist^ ^ 1at io n. 

[KEE-HOY,s. A game. Y. Keebie-oam.] 

KEEK, #• Linen dress for the head and 
neck ; generally pron. keek, Ang. 

—Bw head had been mads up At' sleek 
Hm day before, and weal prin'd on bar kck 

ikt^s JMraorr, pi SSL 

A Morlk heek k n cap with an edring or border 
onait^Ang. Thk border moat haTebeMi 

of lace; aa^oiM kind of lace k atill denommated 

To KEEK, Ebik, e. a. 1. To look with a 
piying eye, to spy narrowly, S. 

Than said I east ne to htik in kiik, and k market, 
And all the eantik about, kyngU coort. and utbsr, 
Qohair I ens gsUsad mfcht get sgantt toe next yeir. 

ihaikmtt MaiiUmd PomM^ pi 47. 

'* Keek in the atoap waa ne'er a good fellow ;**— S. 
ProT. KeUy, p. 22S. 

*' Ktkffm or pryoely wayten. Specolor. Intaeor.** 
Prompt Parr. 

2. To laok br stealth, to take a stolen glance, 

I osD ank mynt 
Stand of kr, and kift thalm to ; 
Aa I at haam waa wont 

i><AlM k <k i>ky, St A 

"When the tod wins to the wood, he carse not 
how many keek in hk tail ;" Eamsay'a S. Pror., p. 77. 
Ti hi, qooCh Jyaay, haJtJbeik, 1 9è mr 

It aeema to have beoB need in O. & ia the f onner 

By doable way take kepe, 
Vytsts for tbya owoe estate to kk^ 
To bs thy selfe so well be thought. 
That thoia aappknted wers neoght 

Oeian^s Co^f. At 


., FoL 41, a. 




M ijpiiyfa» «*to look MddMlj 

a. T^malw tiM first ^ipeanuioe; 
ÌMnÌBUite dbjeetiy 8. 



tht ark-tea AMfaL 

m^WftmlMU II MSSTndMiUj tiM MOM with tiM 

To Emmk TRBOUOBt v.o. LTo piospicuite; 

at to totk IktmigfA a proifMett to look 

tiirwi^ a penpectÌTe-guuM| d. 
1. A iÀ Itmyi^ to ezamine with aceomte 


Kmmm^ KjBKf «. A peep» a stolen {^oe» 8. 

• O tww iltolaWit Bntm^IILISI 

:*HQLl^ «. A ehmk or small orifice 
tlnDii^ lAkli prjruBg persons peep^ 8. 

«• pJL A cant term for eyes, 8. 
Sir. Ukan, formed in the same manner, 
sijgmfiea a small perspective glass* 

Xjdbk-bo^ 9. Bo-peep, 8. Belg. kieieho, id. 
fipom ibeib-eny UeJb-sis spectare, and perhaps 
. hamm, larra, q. take a peep at the goblin or 
tmC^iear. Y. Bo-xkik, and Bu-man. 

Jksa, s. A looking-glass, S. 

IbrlkttoTOTt bM to OM. 

« -t ^ « H 

f. A star-gazeTy an astronc 

I ghre this word on the anthoritj of 
Callander, in his K8. notes on Ihre. 

afc^> rfrimWwrf, Btlg. «tem-lyAer, id., dw an 

t -A A 

, EmZi, 9. Bnddle, a red arfiillaceoas 
substance^ nsed for marking, 8. Sinopis. 

BbI rt tfda ^yiM bM Mlaik M I jw. 
llMkil JOB swa wtth d0 fwla duaraiot, 
1WI to kli Ml ft ma^r ba kaavB from tlMDi. 

i)MV. WrpI, 8«^ 17. 

Witt kaide ad Mr m win jow bfaad. 

Jak r. OataKimyif Jfoii. 

lUa alhidaa to Ika Molioa of fortana-tollan, who 
mal^ pratood to bo daaabb to gain mora eradil with 
tfMvwflar, aa baiag daprivad of uo oidiiuay maana of 
ks ow l a ÌM ft and thaiaf ora bava raooaTaa to atgna OMda 
vilk abuk or nddla, ia oidar to maka known thair 
WÈimaiam, Tha Gabatlanyia BMa ptomiaea to win hia 
■waaSarl^ lifalikood by tolling fortnaaa. V. Cal. 

Tbii k iomaHaiaa wiittan KjfU Mum, ▼. fiKAnxn. 

Badd. aarigBB to it tbo aaoM ofigia with ekatk. 
▲ddaa. Bat ehaOU, to ftiaoho Coint4^ ai^uto s 

CtoaL iM^ nddla i ahsw. 

To KbeL| BIbil, V. o. 1. To mark with 
ruddle, 3. part pa. MU. 

Tboo baa thy aha abaOa and thy boidoan MUL 

Kmmtàg, Jto r y raw, tt. 70^ it tt, 
v. Clam-sbiUi. 

S. Metaph. to marie any person or thing ; as 
ezpressÌTe of jeakrasy or dissatisfaction, 8. 

KEEL, Kbill, 9. A lighter, Aberd. Beg. ; 
Kself id. A. Bor. 

Ughtar." Wad. Yooab.. p. & 
oalo^ '*aaaaUbarkaor othar 
f SoBuiar. Bot Da Oan« obaarraa that it 
lothar ajyiiaad a long ahip^ ùtol oaing diatingniahod 
from naTumbfe and payins fooipanoa of toll, whan ono 
panny only waa anwted for n mall TOaaal, It waa in 
aaohlatb that tha Saxona foond thair way to EngUndf 
thi^ inTodad it. Malmaah. da Qaat, AogL U L 

[KEESL,^ Anvjnng creatipi 1«» and 
nnshapelj ; applied also to manmiate objects, 

[Kbblan, s. ^pKed to a bi{^ nncomely 
peTKm, ibid.] 

A cant term for the backside. 


ElEEL AOK, 9. A pannier nsed for carrying 
ont dang to the field, Banffs. ; the same 
with Keelaekf q. y. 

Hanoa tha prorarfaial phnMb "Tha witoh lain tha 
keeladt,'' naad whan tha anporiority of tha prodnoa^ on 
any apot of groand, ia attnbotad to tha dang whioh ia 
oamadoatinthalaeladborpanniar; i.a., *'thaohana 

[Ebel-dbauoht, s. a false keel to a boat» 

KEELICE[, Ebblook, 9. 1. Anmr, tnmble, 
vexation, A ng. Perhaps from IsL ikfi^ dolor. 

2. A blow, a stroke, Ang., pron. also keebqp. 

KmUdt, aa «ad in thia aanaa, aaama ndicaUy tha 

with A. Bor. *'Mb, a baatinft blowa. Tgaya 
Umtwoorthraa^oodMbL" OLOrc 

Thia may ba alliad to lat kkidke, tha ohaak, aa ori- 
ginally danoting a blow on tha ohopa, lika Tant. Aoedb- 
afagi4,aliya»oolaphai^aafrotgonthae*edfc; andSo.-0. 
khMaui, oolaphaa» from liad^ tha ohaak : or to Id. 
Mfcoio^ adToiao faauna [r. aamina] nitor, obnitor ; O. 
iUMÌr., p. ML 

EEELIE, #. A hawk, chiefly applied to a 
yonng one. Loth., Teviotd. 

"A combination of yoang blackgnardi in Bdinbnrrii 
hanoatannadthaniaalTaathaiirM{ie(7afi9." SirW.aL 

Can thia ba oocr. from Wr. eUtter-foilcem, a aaalad 
hawk? laL heUOf ia azpL, foaminn animalinm impa* 
dnm; Haldormn. It Ì8» nowaTor, mora probably alltad 
to C. B. ywolcAi or cidyii; both whioh toimadanoton 



BZEUNO, KxLnro, KBiLmOt EilunOi 
KifiLm, $. The name given to ood of a 
kige aise, 8. Gadiia mmina, Linn. 

"ImOm major TttlgMÌs ; ow 6Atn mXL it Kedkig^ 
•ad tht yooBg CMS Godmus." 8ibb. Fife, p. 122. 

••ÌMÌÈ ilitete Mid ofduait^ that mm bind and ma- 
■na ba maid for aalmomid. liariiig and keimg,*' Acta 
/a.T.,UMO^ e.9aU.lM6d«^iNa, 8kMia;faaiN9. 
Mamij, «. lOe. 

**Ib tha aama Ìla ia vany aood kUUng^ lynft and 
alhar whyta flahaa." Mouoa'a W. Oaa, p. 4. 

''flalMa ol dÌTiia aoita aia takan in great pWnty, 
jal Bot ao BMnafona aa fonnaidhr ; for now befora tbey 
aaloh thair great fiahaab aa Kwimg^ ling, fto., tbey 
anat pnt far out into timaaawitb tbairUtUa boata.^' 
Btawa Orknay, p^aOi 

**Tlia flriiaa tbS^do moat abooad ai« JTtOK Ziag*'* 
Aa. Ibid.»p. 189. 

"Laiga ood, oallad JTriWiay, ara alio got in apring. 

Bommar.'* B. Nw Abaid. StatUt Aoc, tìì. 205. 

8w. èo9a aignifiea Tlnddoek. It wonld aaam in- 

daad, that OJk^Ukiè Uà. AmUm§ baa formally bean 
nerio nama^ indndiog a ¥MÌaty of the 
of wbita fiabaa \ and that tba qratamAtio 
baa baon facmad from it. Von Troil. 
OB Todandp p^ 188^ infonna ni^ that tba loa- 
laadma raokoa diAmt kmda of ood,.aa f&yraitftif^r. 
kmg^ htrìa^ At, Hia fotmar aaema to ba lordb and 
Am laoaràtrfiayfromfcrla/ 

JUIHV in 0. & danotm a flab. Faligr. axpL it hj 
ly.awMn; &ÌÌLF.4SL Gain, alao renden Jtmon. 

Aoeardmg to Haldonoa, IiL hdia, ia Gadna doreo 
aMBotmy^ minor. Thia aaema to ba tba Oadna 
Aa d aflnn a ol linn.* wbioh ba aaya ia in Sweden called 
logik Hm Bortham aama ìsèUa may bave pawed, in 
of fiaharma^ from tba baddock to the 

KEELTVINE, Kmeuviiia -Fiar, a. A black 
lead pencil, S*. 

'*Bbwk lead ia oaOad JMbvL or cttkm in Ctamber^ 
ÌMid I and a oaffliifae new ia prraably a oormptioB of a 
/aa WbwjMactf.'' 8ir J. Sineiair'B Oba.» p. 120. 

FlMhasa rather q. tba Mm of ibllew. Thecommon 
awB, kMÀwhM, iJthoaA Groee girm yitttwiie m that 

'Fat m voar poekat»book and yoor httifrim€ pern 

i» lor I oowna apeak oat an* ye baa writing nm- 

yoar banda fbayVa n aeaar to oniearned 

folk Uko mo.** AntiqaaiTf lii. 187. 

It ia obam^ad by one literaiT friend, that fee Ba iwe 

m ia a pea of Aeeli orblaeklaad, in a etna. 

It haa been alao aaggealed to me^ that perbapa the 

ly latner baTO been importecT from 

l^aaea i a% ia aoma provinoei^ the phram CMeiil d€ 

afaae ia aaad for a aaiall alip of the Tine, in which a 

pmoa of obalk, or aomething of thia kind, ia fraqnentlT 

imivoee of amiking. It ia beuerea, 
fonaed into a aort of 



&Bartad lor the 

It haa o o a mi e d , howwrer, that it may be 
ffoai, from Wr, guilU, a kiad of qaiU. 

tt woald w»pear from a letter of the ThUarkm 
X(B0tor ifttdb%^ A. I720I, tiiat ia hie time iee/ivtiM waa 
ariad ia oar atreeta for aak. He mentiona another 
kind of panea that had been eold by the aama bawkere. 

**If Ood*a FfeOTideaoe were not wonderful, I would 
long WMO beea erying KUe eèM^ and KUie verL oon* 
Mmg I began apon a crown, and apoor trade.*' 

m§ > wef i aaema to haTo been made of a green mi- 
aanL F^. eend dt fsp^ *'a kind of green minerall 
ahaaika or aaadt" Goto; Ha ghraa oeH aa the aama 
Witt ^^ 

KEEL-ROW, $. ** A OalIoTÌdiaa oonntry- 
dance ; the Keit-row ia in Cromek'a Nitlis- 
dale and Ghdlowmy Song;** GhdLEncycL 

[EEELUP, a. A blow, Perths^ Ang. V. 
nnder I[eblxck.] 

[KEEN, $. A rock jutting out from the face 
of a cliff, ShetL IsL iont, a prominence.] 

[KEENG, a. A daap of pewter used to 
repair broken duna or earthenware, Shetl.] 

[To Kbeko, o. a. To unite the piecea of a 
broken dish by means of a clasp, ibid. Isl. 
kemgtf a claq[i.] 

[KEEP, SJHP, f . Heed, care. Barbour, L 95.] 

[To KEEP INL AN*, v. fu To sail near 
shore, S.] 

ToKEEPZofuftii^ To crop it, Dnmbartona. 
To Keep Land out Not to crop it, iHd. 

" Strange aa it amy aeem, there ara inatanoaa, even 
in Dnmbartonahire, where tenanta ara bonnd to ÌMp 
their knda tliree jreaniaandaiz yeare out, i.e., to take 
tliree white crope in aaoceaeion, and then leave the ez- 
baaeted eotl to reomit iteelf, aa it beat ma^ for aix 
anoeemiTe yeara." ilgr. Snrr. Dnmbart, p. oO. 

KEEPSAKE, a. A token of regard; any 
thing ievif or given to be kept, for the $ak$ 
of the giver, Sl 

KEEBIE-OAM, a. A game common in 
Perth* One of the boys, selected by lot, 
takes his station by a wtdl with his face 
turned to it and covered with his hands. 
The rest of the party run off to conceal 
themselves in the efeaes in the neighbour- 
hood; and the last who disappears calls out, 
Keerie^O^ or Keerie.'] The boy, who has had 

[Keerie-oamf [which is generally shortened to 
his face at the wall, tnen leaves his station, 
and searches for those who have hid them- 
selves; and the first whom he lays hold of 
takes his place in the next game, which is 
carried on as the preceding one. [In the 
West of Scotland the game is called Kee^ 
Hoy^ which in that distnct is the call used.] 

If we ehaU anppoee that thia apeeiea of Hide amd 
Seek baa been introduced from the Low Coontriee, we 
may Wew the term aa derived from Teot. heer-e^ * 
• TOitere, and om, eircam^ in compoaition omkeer-em ; aa 
it ia merely tlie call or warning given, to him who haa 
hie face tamed to the wall, to ium about and begin 

KEERIKIN, «. A smart and sudden blow 
which turns one topsy-turvy, Fife. 

It may be a diminutive, by the addition of kù% from 
Teat. iefT-fn, vertere^ alao propolearo ; aa aaggeating 
the idea of overtaminf , 



KKfSROOHfi. A term QMd oootttDiptiioiisIj 
to dsDoia mnj ftrange mixtare ; tometimes 
npliad bjMm Tolgar to m^ 
Abod. Thiis thqr speak of *« the Wo«A« 
ef tìm Doeton.* Apperently tfiion. with 


horn tlM HUM oricÌB wiA JTdr; to drivvb 
M to A BM tiMft M toMd^^m tiM twmI 
il^ till H onito diigiiit 

«• A thin gmel given to feeble 
■beep m tpringy Ettr* For* 

Mil oo n w y ondM with Lftl Jm airanaeeiiiii, this 

. ii-BMMl pronbly • rramaiit of ilia Welih king- 

wUok cstooM to EtCr. For., and mdnded «t 

kiilLpvlolil CB. eeirdkngiiifiw *T«B%or OAli; 

Xinpi Bi^^ Bfimuwii. W. Biohiod raodon OataieRl- 

flOT% fwyMOA onrcil* Oora* mtc^ Afinor* kttdtf mm 

w. Mrii^ aC 'mffùif oato. Owen derivaa eeirdk from 

aafe\ tail} bamea. Tlia laàmad and ingaDÌoaa Bud- 


that tha Qoth. naoM of Cef«^ tha ffoddaia 
ma JTaarw; Atlaat, u. 448. 

.{JUUSSSABy «• A big xinoomelj woman, 

KEESUP, s. 1. The stomach of a calf, 
used for cordling milk^ Teviotd. ; synon. 
Einmp Ytamm, KiUop^id^NartìL Grose. 

T^al iati Hhht, ooa^^vlam; faew, aggnifyiag chaaae, 

* Mkò9,kbb€t baloiu^Bff to tba aaina atock with our 

aoagnlatog id. kaetÌTf aoagaluD; A.-8. 

S* TIm name of an herb nearly resembling 
aonthem-wood* Loth. 

Tha g a lf w ia caUad ekeeu remui in B, aa it ia aaad 
bath than aad in & aa a anbatitato f or 

KEEST, «. Sap» snbstancei Boxb. Hence, 

lUBmuna, Ktbtlbss^ adj. 1. Tasteless, 
insipidi ibid. 

^Kptimt, tMtalaaas** OL Sibh. 
S« Witiioat substance ar spirity ibid. 

S. Albidtng no nonrishment; pron.. KizUu^ 
Stir. For.; FitzmUu^ qmon. Both are 
gsneraPy said of hay and grass. 

Pfeobdb^ aUn to Taal heut, tha pith of a tna ; 

.yaIMai% La., to aaad forth tha pith or rabatanoo ; 
appliad ilao to tiM aprontiiig of oom. C. B. eyf aigni- 
■aa torpid, Toid of faaUng; aad qfnyvoi mimhwaai 

MJEXSTjpreL Threw, used to denote puk- 
ing; mm the v. ComL 

Bat imaway a« bar thay ftdèh on a cbaaga, • 
Thai gal and fa' aha teil with brakiaa fltnagt. 

Boi^a Sttmcn^ pc 91 

KEKTUINO SIGHT. The view a fisher has 
of the motion of a salmon, by marks in the 
water, as distiiwiished from what they call 


lEmj axpaet to bava hodUp MU, tha liaheta 
naa tha hish ai^t on tha Fraaarfiald aido 

atona and Bam-hillook and Obltar Craflit and al tha 
watar-month, whioh ara all tha aighto on tha Fraaar- 
fiald aida balow tha bridga^ thay ba^a k^eiking and 
drawing aighta." Statab Laalia of P^mii, Ae., ISOfi^ 
p. 126w 

*'Tbal ha knowa of no andi aight aa tha Ennot^ and 
ti^y wrooghl thai ahol oy ainkua thair nata» whan 
thqp M>w liah m it^ and thaj woaldhava aaan tham by 
ieeMm$f or ahawing thamaalTaa aboTa tha walar.^ 
Ibid., p. 139. 

Thia ii tha aama with Kvm^ q. t. 

EEEVE, «. Used as synon. with <iift, E. 

"Aa for tha blaaohing-honaa^ it oa|^t to ba fur- 
niahad with good ooppen and boilera, good hteaai or 
tabo for bucking and alao atanda and vala for kaaping 
tba aoToral aorta and degraaa of lyaa.** iCaxwall'a 
SeL Trana., p. 343. 

Thia ia oTÌaentl]^ tha aama with Kive, ahhoogh azpL 
by Kally a maaking-Tat. BIr. Todd rafera to thia 
articia, and remarka that iTtaeappaara to ba of Sbffliah 
oaaffe, and by an old anthor of great credit. Thia ia 
Sir W. Petty, inhia History of Eyeing. 

Mr. Todd ia certainly right in Tiewiag thia aa an 
old B. word; and had ha bokad a little farther, he 
wonld haye found it, aooording to the orthography 
ban 0m'^ ^ Keraey'a Diet Anglo-Brit., and alao in 
bÌBeditioaofIbillipa,intheTeiy8ameword8. **jreeM 
or Xeewr, a brawing-yoaaal, in which the ale or beer 
woAa before it ia tunn'd." Groae alao mentiooa it aa 
alocaltenn. "Xaeae, a laige yaaael to fennani liquoca 
in. DaTonah.** 

All theee lezioogradhen baTO been aOeat aa to the 
oriflin of thia term. There can be no donbt that thia 
ia A.-S. c|/, cjtfe, doliom, oadna, a "tonne or barrel ;" 
Sooaner. It wooldappear that thia learned writer waa 
• not aoqnainted with tha O. B word. Tent, kitifpe, 
doliom, aa well aa Lai. «19»^ by which it ia ei^L, 
aeem allied ; to which we may add Alem. eupke, and 
Dan. kube^ id. tbre obeervaa^ ya Kjfpartf that in 
Gothland ikyjMi, aignifiea, to draw water with a pitcher, 
or any other instroment. 

KEEZLIE, adj. Unproductive, barren, ap- 
plied to soil that is good for nothing, or 
that scarcely brings any thing to perfection, 
JTaaaBa fe w aai ^ knoQa whata tha aoil ia lika a eqwl 

nhntn tha bridga; bat below tha bridge^ at tha Blue 

FariiapafiramTeat. faa0{,£0eaai;nilinl; Gann. kitEO, 
id., alao n pebble ; kkm, graveL 

EEFF, g. One is said to he in a ffojf kef , 
when one*s spirits are elevated with good 
news, Ayrs. 

IbL aiafe and ake/d signify larror, piaecipitantia ; 
kf/'O, contendere ; kif, kjf, ua, contentio ; Dan. ib'a, 
id. Or ahall we view it aa a Tariety of & eawe, a toaa? 

KETES, EIetis o/ the CaurL A phrase 
metaph. applied to certain office-bearers in 
courts of law. 

" Al coorts by and attonr the ordinar persons of the 
judge, the perMwer à the defender, snla bane oertane 
▼ther persons à members, qnhilks ar called ebaea 
cttrioc^ ike leiiU of the eomri^ that is, ana lanchful oflicial 
or aenand,'* Aa Skene^ Verb. SigiL yo. Curku 

" The iqfU o/ coarf are thir, yii., 1. Ane Jnstioe 
thaliawy8e,andhesknawlegeoftheUwi%*'Aa Bal- 
fonr'a Pract, ^ 273. 

Besidae the Jostioe he mentions a Schirsl^ Coroner, 
Senandia, Clerk, and Dempster. He adda an Assise 
ana Witneases, not in Skene*a enumeration. 




iMQidlag 1» the IM. TMÌon gÌTM of tbe 4iewi Iqr 

8hMt^ it Mtni toooBTcj the ida% that thaoowrt eoald 
■0t m ngohiij 9pmM withoat th« p w iaaee of the 
gfloabtoroci mmtumad. Wh«th«r the idao hM bam 

hM w yo d from tho phnao Claiou BocUma€^ m danotiiig 

Omwol tifagi ÌTcyiit, Kejf9^ % gnaHitm, waidao, or 
hMBtft oMitoiiMd with icìiMìafihiiìl'"'- ooastftbolAiraiiL 
hdffivo^ Ao., ÌB Hooast A^, ii. 71. Ho adiK that 
ta tho Uo Off ICaiit tho S4 Coaunooera, who are aa it 
wm% thooooaonratonof the libertiee of the people^ are 
oaDad the ir<ye of the iaUmd. Aoooidiiig to OMMÌea, 
tho Bvmber of theee ia twelro. Brit. it. 604. Do 
laleomontionaCeiaaeigiiifyingJadicatorea. Hot 
aa need bjr our writers, aeema to haTo BO ooa- 
IVir it i nei i dea the inferior offioeia of aoout 
at well aa tho jodgoa. 

Bjmo*s kbtb. To mat ISm^m Kgjf$^ to force 
open the door of a hooaey room, chest, &c^ 
qrvirtueof a legal warrant in hisilaftf^t 

***Aad what win 70 do^ if I oarena to tiuraw the koni 
or diatw iSbm bolte. or open the gate to eic a okmjaai- 
friof Mid the old daino aooffii^y. 'Foroe our way 
wP the Mo^f lofi^ and break the neok of every eool wo 

flad ia tho hooaob'" *e. Talei, Bkek Dwac^ nu 173; 
• 174. - 

Thia ia aa old fV. dbrue. JVitre la cIq^ It JBqr, onr- 
rir lea oUfi ot lea oomoa avoo dea inatnunenta de eei^ 
nrier; Boqoofort. 



V. a. To piy. Y. Keek. 

[Kbix, «• A look, a glance, S. V. Keek.] 

liKIK, Keio, •• A sort of wooden trumpet, 
long and aonorong, formerly blown in the 
wimli ' v at 5 o'clock p. m., Aberd. In 
•ome plaoee they still blow a horn at this 

9. A lighter. Y . Keel. 

iTGH, V. a. 1. To heave np ; said 




of a burden which one has already upon the 
bad^ but which is falling too low, Ettr. 

S. To jog with the elbow, ibid. 

FiMh^pOi BOtwithatanding the tranapoaition, frooi ^ 
fonntain with Tent. UaU-en, pnlsare, poltare^ 
qnatera^ eoncntere ; or Hii9^ ietna raeonaaa, 
rsaoBO iotn Terberare. Or ehall wo prefer 
aB.<0. W^ «yèift-<s Dan. hiU^ €p, to tnui, to tie 

«• 1. One who lifts, heaves, or 
pushes upwards, Ettr. For. 

p. A lift, shove or push upwards, Clydes.] 

lUP, Keilop, s. Y. Keeuck.] 

•• Heed, care; [cost of keeping, 
food, Clydes.] Y.Kepe. 

Itek Snip to By eipfll that na mair bim cdL 
^^ Mm/Ogafmr, G iy. a 

La, diifo away. 

KEEPPIS, «. j>{. jTiob. holders, brackets.] 

**8ikMr walk, braam watk, kebnU and 
of tho parMte kiriL" Abent Beg., T. M. 



To KEIIt, V. €u To drive, S. B. pron. like 
E. care* 

Bo hdidii apHftii meaaie lelfliv ooir thy 
And ar ryoht emUt quhan they er»fe theme ool^ ; 
Be they nnpayit, thy puntraadii ar tochti 
Td poal pore ooiamiuiie oome and eettell ktir. 

SeoU, BaMUii^n$ F^tems, T^ ISO, it IS. 

Lord Hailea makea no mentioa of thia woid. whioh 
I have not obeenred deewhere. Bat it admite of no 
other lenae thMi tiiat given above ; Id. keir^ 8a.-Q. 
koer-a, to drive b^ foroe. One eenae in which tho 
8Q.-0. V. ocean n, to drive horeea; whenoe koer- 
fwen, a carter, a charioteer. Here it denotea the 
foreibie driving away of eattlob in tho way of pùMimg 
or diatreining. 

Tho woid ia still need, aa ngnifying to drive, al- 
thooghnotpiooteelyintheeaaioeenee. Oneieiaidto 
iair thi^p, when ^me drivee them baekwarda and 
forwarde, eo aa to pat them in oonfonon. To tatr 
porridge, to drive Aem throogh the veeeel that con* 
taina them, with aepooni aa a child doea, when not 
diapoaed to oal^ S. B. 

KEIByf. The name given, in some parts of 

S^ to an ancient fortification. 

<'Thefo aieeeveial amaU heighta in thia pw»t^Jo 
which the name JTetr ia applied, which bear the marfce 

oLwno ancient military work, via., JTciriUtf of Oten- 
tirran,ac On the aammit of each of theee ia a lOain 
of aa oval figare, earroonded with a rampart, which m 
moat of them itill renuina entire.— The civcomf erenoe 
of the mmpart of the KèiMU of Dadier, (which la 
neither the laigeet nor the emalleat, and tho on^ one 

that haa been meaaared)doei not exceed ISO ynxoM.-^ 
The ooantry people lay that they were Pictiah forta. 
P. Kippin, StirL Stotift. Ace, xviii. 329. 

It ia added in a Note ; "JTeir, Cowr, CAetter, Cbffra. 
aieeaidtobewoidaofalikeimport. Gen.CampbeUa 
Notaa, p. 17.'* 

JTctruideedeeemeto be the maM with Coer, aa old 
Britiah inwd aignif ying a fort, and oocarring in the 
aamea of many pUoea m the kingdom of Sirai-cluifd; 
m Garlnke, Gantain, Garmannoek, Ac.— Althoash 
oorraeponding m eenee to Chetter^ iti origia ia entinly 
di£Rnent. y. 

[KEIBy s. A cnre, Banffs.] 
(To Keib, v. o. To cue, to heal, ibid.] 
KEIST, |>r«f. Threw. Y.Kest. 
KEITH,^. A bar laid across a river or stream, 

for preventing salmon from getting farther 

up, Perths. 

•« A kind of bar, eaUed a heiih, hud acroea the river 
at Blainmwrio, by thoee who are ooncened in the 
oalmon fiihery there, effectaally prevenU the nlmon 
from coming np tho rivera of Arale and Shee.** P. 
Kixkmiehaei; Pertha. Statist. Aoc, zvi. 521. 

Ptohapa originaUy the lame withOerm. kette.Bn.-Q. 
kedt kedjOf adiain. 

Barr YOU, Get away, Aberd. V. Kit te. 

[KEK, #. Geaticnlation, bearing; the pe- 
culiar motion of any part of tne body to 
which one b addicted, ShetL] 

To KEKKHi, Kbkil, v. n. 1. To cackle ; 
as denoting the noise made by a hen, after 
laying her egg, or when disturbed or irri- 




"Am Ika nvM ^MM to rnhna* mlMM thai 1 
flki IM Mr. ^UkoMttlMkMDit MM v^m 

S. Toliai|^aloiid;ìME.MMÌbisal8oiifled,S. 

iddMd swiFa. thftj teUtf alL 

to B«dd. tnm Gr. iff Xaw^ >ryffX«Mf ri« 

BslUfa cridiBtljtlM MBM with '^mt tedbcf- 

fc.^.Ml^id. IhM diffhni the Utter from Gr. 

I nipeet that B. dMUf^ ftlthimc^ 

A diftnot origiBt is ladiodly tiM 

«. The act of cackling S. 

mmriamèiùoAM, fa W i n y of hon^ oallnig of 
Mb" USvihwrnUbdak, Q. iii p. 100. 

KELGHTN, KsLXBir, «. . A mulct paid b j 
ens ffiiihj of manilanghtery flonendly to the 
Imiaed of the penon kiUedT 

^ K t k à w m cf «Bi ImIo b thricMora mz kjo^ aad 
hditaBkev.'* Big. MaJ., B. it. o. 88^ 1 1. 

Tho AUbnwMBOtlB ortrj iactMioo poidto tho 
hkàMà ol &• dioMMd. For wIm tho wif o off an 
hMkMidMa «M ilMp it botoBgid to Vtho kid ol tho 

Iwi ÌB^ M ]>« Gm^ hM obMTVod, WIS 1«« thui 
liaC^i. lorttoC^ofaBSulùfijndotaiorithui 
aa amdiod and forty oows. 

iTMWi this wotdat OaoL ; obMrrma 
'paid to ooa'o kinwion, from ytol ana 
CriL DiML, siu. Bot it may ao 
Ijbo taood to €bm Gothie. SibK dodooM it 
taai "TboolL h th ' tm ^ Toot, odd-en, oompanttio, aoU 
VMw* HiOMU oompooMl of A.^. peU; gOd. com- 
fnMtto^ aad cmms oopiatio ; aa aqpiivla&t to ftiaòat 

XdtaH whiA ooeoiB only in tho Index to the tiana- 
ktioB of Em. Ifaf., and in the Noteo to tho Lat oopy, 
ii BWtioMd by Bkano ai a vaiioaa reading. 

ToEELE,«.a. TokilL 

Tftn of Ue 8«aBdla, tbat fret bj b jm Uy 

i^MjpL Fàpìi; SS87, 80> 

JngnlaiOb to cot ooe*a tbroati ia 
by Badd. and Sibb. Bnt it ratber retaina 
of A.-& cwtU'Om, ooeidere. 


KELINO9 «• Itargb cod. Y. Keblino. 

KELINO TREIS. ''Knappel & keUng 
Ètmf AbenLBeg. 

A% ia onr old writi^ge, foreign wood ia generaUy 
JeMaBBatad from tbo eoontiy, diatriot, or eca-por^ 
vbenoo it bad bean bioai^t ; tbia may be wood from 
iriiL a town of tbo dneby of Holatein, eitiiated on tbe 
Bama. Or abaD wo view it aa denoting wood fit for 
fair/ eitber for tbo iMmation of tbe ietd 

tÈKUÙa m dannminited, or for abip-bnilding in general? 
^' ' «i0i;caiuM,Teat.M^8a.-G.lod,id. 

KKI Jj, •• !• A diefls for a woman's head^ 
eepedalty meant to coyer the crown. 

» WW like a mldmne enike, cUr under JbeDWa 
BaBadt^prMfdUOa. i>M. & P. Jt, iU. 14L 

bare waa of tbie damyoeU 
Bait wllb ana battoon in aae goldyn 

€L y* ancEy a 




amy ateek that tbey pot in 


SàBtidt €/&tf 0§9B HtHtkm 

mgnatad to mii tbat igi mmI may bo a 
of aoma oldfonn of tiio ear. up. And it ia by no 
la improbable tbat it may bo a raUqno of A.«B. 
WMMM, aapra. Tbia» boworer, ia need aa a pifp. 
^*KA Bolioalttm.'' Prompt Fter. 

S. The hinder part of a woman's cap; or 
what is now in El denominated the emU; 
the iell 0/ a mutehy 8. 

S. The furfur^ or scurf on a child's head; 
rthe grime that collects on the face and 
hands of a workman ; the coating of soot 
on a pot, Olydes.] 

*'Bnt fonl aa tbe eapitaltbon waa^ and ooTorad witb 
the leproay of idolatry,— they eo medicated her witb 
tiie aeamhing medicamenta of tbe Beformation, tbat 
aba waa aoon acnnit of all tbo aonrf and kell id bar 
abominationa '* B. Gilhaiaa^ i 271. 

U. hal and gwol aignif y mqwinamentnm, fa^o, in* 

The word, aa Bndd. obeervea, denoting a aort of net- 
work, oeema primarily to baTo bean appued to tbat in 
wlucb tbe bowda are wn^ped. He oeriTaa it from 
Belgi Aoaal^ aooif^ bood, or 

EELLACH, Eellacht, «. 1. A small cart 
with a body formed of wicker, fixed to a 
square frame and tumbling shafts, or to an 
azletree that turns round with the wheels, 

"Beeidea tbe carta now montiooed, tbera are abovt 
SOO email mii^ carta, aa they are called, wbidk are 
employed in leading lumie tbe fuel from the moee, and 
the com to the bam-yanL Theee carta baTe^ inatead 
of wbeeb, email aolia drclee of wood, between 20 and 
24 inehea diameter, called tumbling wheela. It ia aim 
▼aqr oommon to place a ooaiae^ atrong baaket, formed 
Kko a angar loaf^ aerom theee email cute, in which tbo 
manure la carried from the dung-hill to the field. 
Theee kinda of carta are called Kmuhy; and are not 
only need in tbia diatrict bnt over ul tbe nortb 
country.** P. Kilteam, Boee. Stotiat Acc» L 277. 
V. alaoiii. 10^ P. Dingwall, Boaa. 

[2. A coarse wicker basket of conical shape 
used in the northern counties for carxying 
dung to the fields. Y • Eeelack.] 

'* What manure waa uaed waa carried to their flMm 
in KtaOa/dOt a creel in tbe form of a cone, with tbo 
baae tunied upwarda, placed npon a aled^. Many of 
theee heattacnt are atiU need in the heigbte of tbo 
pariah." P. Kiltarlity, Inveni. Statiat. Aoc, ziii. 812. 

[3. Anything built high and nan.>w, or 
and slovenly, Banffs.] 

Tbia ia eridently the aamo witb laL Su.-G. haeOtt, a 
dray or aledge^ drawn without wbeela» tndia, Ibra ; 
whenco kae l kadraeUf tiie right of conTeyins timber 
from a wood on each a dray ^ Fenn. keldse. From tho 
definition given bv VereL, it would appear that tbia 
right waa grantea only to a poor man, and tbat tbo 
quantity waa aa much only aa a weak man might him- 
aelf draw in tbe aledge. Jue lignandi in aylva villati* 
aa» quantum paaperenlua at delmia auper parvnla traba 
ad tignrinm anum trabare poteat. 




ll«t iiti^ 

idM I fhil at U. ftktOt dmolM 
llMdiurÌB itifofiii nMmblMthMib 
' llMBMM. U.hid 

[KlCTiTiTKMUFF, i, A mitt, ShetL] 

KELPEB, WAnft-XMLPp, $. 1. The spirit 
cf tii0 wmterii wbo^ as is Yolnrlj believed, 
fllves previoos intimatioii ot the destroo- 
tMm Of those who perish within his joris- 
dictioii, hj pceternatoral lights and noiseS| 
and eren assists in diowning thenii S. 

b Mil or fHd Mi MM IM mvM, 


MimMm J^wbr^ai. SSL 
OIK OMt AMtothr Iww ; 

Bto tlMiu ■VMlJadj, kttM ; 
9Br «mMM tela if •■1» Md Cqr 

JmtSmm's i>f Mfy Jtfl, i 


kttid IM ITatoviirfjHV rottiiuL 

JffaiM^y Airrifr^ 158. 

idta«f tlMOffifliaof thùtonn, wnlii 
OifdMd^ tlM MM with aW dkifo, Uwm. I»(6, 

f| llcUi buff dMoribod M AtfWMmpod, udM 

■Mkò^f ft Md boUowiag boìm. Tkii» howefw, it it 
Siidt nfthflr iMMsblM tbs Migtiing of a hoiw. 

tU sfttribrtM €l tWs Viril ia'th« North of & «t 
Ino^ aMiif ooriMpood to thoM of Id. Nikr, Ihu. 

JTmm^ whMM tho JTdMignition of tho dotil, OU 
Mld^ Thio is dMorihid m sa'a^witio domon, who 
diowM^ BOt ooIt smb. hot ohipi. Tho aDoient 
VoffthMi BiilÌQM Uliovod that ho hid thofonn of a 
hoTM t aad tho oaBM opiaioaia atill hald^y the Tnlgw 
ÌB Ifttiantl HanM tho namo hM boaa tnood to O. 
Qmbl imoI^ s bono. Waohtw dodnoM it from Dan. 
WÈtku^ to aaflbMtai 1^ B^ Meai% aignifiM to drown, 
wUok 8oldlt« dwivM from Ane^-CR. aiibnuttore^ in- 
slÌBam t aoti m Pa Ghngo wkj% a Caltio word* hat 

y. Iftean, Do Ckngo. 
iafoma um, that in Swodon tho Tolgar an 
•tiir afraid of hia powor* and that iwinunon aco on 
tlidr paid OfMiiit hia attaoha ; boing pomadod that 
ho wwbnatM aad oaniM off thoM whom ho oatehM 

•*ThaMfoi%'* adda thia writv, *'tt 
that lèn^-Bion wan thooot who aro 

rÌTon^ not ao mach m to 
hia aaMO ; laot^ m thoj mj, thiy ahoold moot 
with a slomi, aad bo ia danger of loeing their livea. 
doahtlaaL baa ttiia ni iHi ia tition orùriaated : 
plaoi^ lormerlj, daring the time of 
who aailod wonhipped their aea-deity 
«.«.«. M it wwa with a aaored aUiaaoe^ for tho reaeon 
■fraady givoa."* Aatiq. 8ooo43oth., p. IS. Wonnioa 
% thai it WM oaoal to mr of thoM who were 
thai ifocAa had oarriod them off; Ifoekem tog 
Liter. Daaia. pw 17. It wm orea be- 
Hovad. that thia apirit wm m aueehierooa m to mill 
saiuunma to him br tho froL aad thM aooompiiah 
UlifrdartnMtioa. ]!hi% ?«.. ^edfcea. 
Wonaiaii pafofy talla a atoiy, which bean the 
ibUaM to thoM tliat are etill told'in oar 

owa o oaa t ij f i ooaoeraing tho i^pearance of JTe/nit. 
BpMMBf of indbm or Jj^cca^ ho myi ; "Whether that 
^ WM of tiiia hind, which wm aeon at Alaraparg, 

the lath to tho 17th Oct, 161& near the Miln of 
if thai ooaafrj ITaMer-aiei^lMaTO otheri to 'deter- 

Wk lliMboth, oo the river 

the people 
I to deter- 
Ooaomaiag it a aoag wm pabliahed from the 
\ Katvilhor, i^ieh OBay bo aeea in Homnng'a 
Cliai JfMo% p. lai. This I oactainly hnow» thai 

while I WM pi oo MUtia g m j atadÌM thoNb ior oovond 
aaoBHiivo 7001% oao penoa ai leaat wm drowned 
aaaoallyfaithaiTeiy^ioo.'* liter. Daa., p. 17» 18. 
Ifflnw aif iff ia bj waohtar ooaaidored m tho aamo 
with HMti^ daoaum aqaatioa& Althoagh thia apirit 
WM aappoood to moor m a horacb it wm oIm boUorod 
thai he amamid wo ionn of a aea-monater, haTÌng a 

homan head. Woim. latent, abi aap. Ho wmi 
tÌBMO aeon ap a aerpent ; and ooeaaioiialljr lai in a bMt 
plowing tho ae% and ezeroiaing hia dommion over tho 
winda and wavea. KeyaL Antiq. Soptent., p. 261. 

8. This term is also osed to denote ^ a raw- 
boned yonth,** OL Shirr. 

KELSO BOOTS. Heavy shackles pnt npon 
the legs of jprisoneis ; b^ some si^posea to 
be a sort oTstocks, Teviotd. 

KELSO CONVOY. An aocdmnaniment 
scarcelj deserving the pamot Soutn of S« 

" 'Ye noednagang higher than the loan-head— it'a no 
«Kpeotod joar hoaoor oald Imto the land— it*a joat a 
JTebo eeaeoy, a atop and a half o*or tho door-atano.' 
'And why a KtUo ooiuwy aaore than any other?'— 
*How ahoold I heal it'e joat a fayo-word.'" Aatiqaary, 
iii. 6. 

Thia ia rather iarthorthaa a SooteA eaaaoy, which ia 
oaly to tho door. It ia, howefor, expl. by othen, m 
aigni^fing that one gOM m far m the friend whom ho 
aooomponÌM hM to go^ althoagh to hia own door. 

KELSO BITNOS. Generally classed with 
Jeddari SkmeSf but otherwise unknown, 

KELT, «. ** Cloth with the freeze (or nan) 

Ssnerally of native black wool,** Shirr. Gi.» 
., used both as a «• and as an adj. 

Ma deatie geir thii Doctor MiMa ;— 
▲m baBMUe bi^ a oott of frtt 
Weill bcltit ia aae kthroM bdt 
Ltgmi, Bp. SL AndroU, Foemi gi a rf a w li CmL, pi SS7. 

'*Tho alteration in diMB ainoe 1780^ ia alM renurk- 
aUo. When the good man and hia aona went to kirk, 
market, wedding, .or barial, they were clothed in a 
homo a^an anit of freeaed doth, called heU, pladden 
hoee^ with a blao or brown bonnet.** P. Bathgate, 
Linlithg. Statiat. Ace, i. SM. 

Aa for the man he wort a gode Jbtt coat, 
WUch wind, nor rain, nor ran. oooM acaroely blot. 

it OmUmpa^t Fotmi, p. 181 

Thia ia mobably from laL kuli^ tapeetry, or any 
raieed worL Thia Seren. mentioM m » vo^ ancient 
word,.to whieh he Tiowa B. fmU m allied. 

KELT, «• A salmon that has been spawning, 
a foul fish, S. 

«« Difhty hM aome pikea, bat no aalmoo ; osoopt at 
the ona oi the fiahing aeaaon, when a few of what are 
oalled fool flab, or M; are caa^t'* P. DnndM,- 
Foifàra. 8tatiat Aoc, Tiii. 201. 

Belg. AvyMfeA, id. ia eridently from tho aamo foan- 
tain ; tugt. Teat, kkle^ ktfte^ apawn, ova piaoianL 

To KELTER, v. n. I. To move in an un- 
dulating manner. Eeb are said to ielier in 
the water when they wamble. The stomach 
or belly is also said to kelier when there isa 
disagreeable motion in either, S. 




[1«] KIM 

t. Qftm api^ied to die stoomch, as expres- 
rfve of the gmt OMseefelt before paking^S. 

H To t&t 19; ai^ e beleaoe ii laid to ietUr 
whmi the one end of the beam moonts 
■addenly VDwards; .or when a cart, in the 

. aet of imjosiiig^ escapes from the hold, so 
that the shafts get too far up, Lanarks. 

4. To tumble or fan headlong. South of 8. 

TW ÌMHN wmTd btra and Umn, 
m own • ÌMm Umj Aatei^ 

Sw To straggle Tiolentljv 9a a fish to release 
itself from the hook, Irerths. 

To Kbltbb, e/4k To overturn, to OTerset, 

€L JIL. c i f frff H te nfoi^ to wfairi, ckwMro^ a 
"—ibrtonf froB dbi^ atfi Ir^ both iigmfymg a 

Si A fidl in which one is thrown 
keeb orer head, a Mmersault, Ayis. 

•d MriMHps to Ofna. hdUt. nvariun, a plaoa 

KELTEB,«. Mooej, Dumf r. 

sa. mU fell; U. ^OUì; id. Th« of^gnato tonus 

> SMWO^ lOMaHnm writtoa with h otck. Alan. 

" H> g% nddam ; finrkeU-ai^ rapadera. In 

law.elolr ia wad in tha aaoaa ùÌgeU; §m 

t qompwiatie ferti in poieallo ; and in Leg. 

IsMiaeMId ai^BÌfiai^ dnwniw laciproeam. 

«• A large glass or bumper, im- 
posed under the notion of punuhment on 
these wImh as it is expressed do not drink 
/aìt^ S^ sometimes called KeUi^$ mends. 

Tha Ofjighi of jfcjas hra aa is giTaa, in tha aocoont of 

a vWI al OM of thaJaaMaaa» at tha eaatia of ToUibola, 
en Ub waj Ikoa Staling to falUand. 

** AaoMil tha Knw'a attandanto waa a troopar mnch 
eaMnlad for hia ASitj in drinking intoxicating 

tha hiid of Tdliabola'a Taaaala^ there 
KMtt fn BaoM atiU oommon in tha 
r») aqnallj laowBiiil for tha aama kind of 
ona pnaauaanoa. Ihatroopar and ha had heard 
sf OMholhar; and aaeh waadaairoaa to try tha atrength 
efthaothw. Thaj had aooppartonitjr while the king 
fmthiva; bat th^ ^ a ad toaaet eariy on a Monday 
■anriiM, aaon aftar» oa the aaaM apot where the king 
had dined. It ia not aaid what find of Uqnor they 
SMida naa of; bnl thay dnnk it from what are here 
Mihd qnaSb^ n anaU wooden ▼eaael, which holda aboat 
half M Bq^Uah pint IW oontinoed to drink tiU 

El ^Fnen 

_ tha trooper fell from 

a»Biin|ty aalaep. Keltia took another quaf^ 

tha iaQ of hia friend* to ahow that he waa con- 

r, and tiiia fava riaa toa proTerb^ well known all 
thia omuiUyt KMii% Mmd»^ and nothing ia more 
at thii Tavy day» whan one refnaea to Uka 
J than to be thraataned with Kdtìe*$ Maid*. 
I dnmad from hia aeatafterwaida» and fell aalaep^ 
hen Aa awakened, ha foand hia companion dead, 
bnriad ia tha aama plaoa, and aa it ia near a 
pool of water, it atiU rataina tha name of the 
'Tkoopar'a IHibbi' The anaedoto ahoold aenre aa a 


whieh oooaaioaad it." P. FbaMway, Fèrtha. Statist. 
Aoo., ziriii. 47i. V. Mbhds. 

It ia a aingnlar faney thai tha iaganiooa Sir Jamea 
Fonlia tluowa ont aa to tha origin of thii ooatom. 
When deeoribing the mannaia of tha andant Albanieh 
of Scotland, ha aaya : — 

*'A horn waa twiated ao aa to go roond tha ann. 
Thii beimr filled with liqnor, waa to be ^>pUed to tha 
lipa, and anmk off at one draught. If, in withdrawing 
the arm, mlj liqnor waa left^ it diacoverad itaelf by 
rattling in the windinga of the horn. Then the 00m- 
pany oallad oat came^jiA, ia., the horn cries ; and the 
delinqnent waa obliged to drink keitie, that ia, to fill 
up hia eap anin and drink it ont, according to tha 
lawa of ttia jCdi$, tor ao onght the word Celi to be 
pronounced. We have from hence a clear proof that 
they were JoUy topen." Trana. Antiq. Soa S., i. 23. 

Bat the |;ood Baron ahoald have told oa whether 
the term onginatad with tha Bomana or the Picta, or 
what other nation ; for it waa never formed by tha 
paopla to whom ha raf eif. They never deaigned them- 
aelvea either CeOa or JTefti^ bat Ooef. It ianotllkely, 
at any rata, that they woold borrow from thamaalvea 
a name for thia cnatom. 

Keltib ait. CUartdhÌÈk aff^ a phrase used 

to denote that one's glass is quite emptjTi 

previouslj to drinking a bumper, S. 

** Fill a bri m mer thia ii mv excellent friend. Bailie 
Niool Jarvia'a health — ^I hand him and hia father theaa 

twenty yaaia. An 7« a' eUaartd heUie aft Fill 
anither. Hare'a to h» being aona Frovoat.** Bob 
B^y, iiL 82. 

EELTIES, s. fL Children, Ang. 

Sa.-0. hàU^ a boy ; inU^ iaaoa of the aame marriage; 
Id. hyU-^ to bMeti alao^ to bring forth. Thii ii the 
root of A.-a cilc^ whenoe B. cAuUd. 

EEMBIT, s. The pith of hemp, used instead 
of a small candle, Ayrs. OaeL easmaib^ Lat. 
eannaihii^ hemp. 

To E£ME» V. a. To oomb. Y. Sjoh. 

KE3IE3TEB, s. A wool-combor, S. 

"Oif the feawKera (of wooll) paaM forth of the 
bargh a landwart, there to woike, and to via their 
offioea, haoand aaffident worke to occapie them within 
btti^h, they aoald be taken and impriaoned.'* Barrow 
Lawea, o. I09. V. Kaiii, v. 

Balfoor writaa CameMUri»; Fkictioka^ p. 74. 

KEMMIN, s. A term conmionlr used in 

Upp. Tjanarks, in relation to cnildren or 

small animals, to denote activity and 

agility; as '^He rins like a iemmin^ he 

runs veiy fast; *^ He wirks like a iemmini* 

he works with great activity; ^He fechts 

i.e.y fights like a ìeemmin^ &c* 

Thii term, belonging to Strat-Clyde, ia veiy pro- 
bably of Welah origin. C. B. oaamuji, a peregrine 
falcon ; or ce liamf n, one that atrivea in the gamea. 

To KEMP, V. n. To strive* to contend in 
whatever way, S. 

And praoaly we imTte the cabflU in twane, 
Sine cmpaiMl with airia ia all our mane, 
Vp walteria watir of tha aalt aey flnde. 

DoMg. VvrgO^ 90, 64 

The term, aa Bndd. obaerrea, b now moatly naad 
for tim atriving of raapaia oa tha harraat field. 



''IIm ÌBlMbitMt»--«a BOW Uagli at tiM rap«ntitimi 
aad jndnlilj ol ttMÌr_«MMton» who> it it Mid, oonld 

fn ft boon of 

■i L«bt wp«% bwtf tamed into ìarf^ gnj 
on aeoonnt of tÌMÌr Umphg, Lo., ttriving. P. 

MamwM. Dwnfr. Stutiit Aoo., tìì. SOS. 

wy iiwi, te olrivo ; Toot iMnno-ai, Germ. 
, duiicnn. IVir it ham origiiiaily denoted 
of boltlo. 8n.-0. AwN^p-a, Alem. ehemf-an, 

Kb & wif k% oeitora. Fenon meationeG. K campa 

M Mid in tho OMM eeuo. 

EncPi #• 1* A champion, one who striyes ia 
£^t»or wrestling. 

bn^ nd befoM theirme leid. 
DmV. Ftr^ 140, 6BL 


tepnfvrit tjUollierie in 

BL&..0.1L MkkUu,BMtì£ 

M« tUi «M add, ke hit bst mede ebede 

*«Bii«iitt«tbetArtluuo tdke grete deleetatioiin 

~ Vff of sinag kaiqfiB, haiuiad thuno ia do 

^ tiiat qalMn ho veit to djaoor tak ooDsnlta- 

in b» mixm, ho gert thMrm eit' do#n with hym 

tnat aoae of th*ym euld 
BoUead. Gron.« 

oft'd on h2B BiafMi Bed, 

_ the aHBOi ol bobj old fortifioatiooe ia 8., 
m ••Kmmf9 HM. or tho Soldier"! Faetaeoe.*' P. 
Chpnih, PMhi. Stuftkt Aoo., iz. 004. Ktmp*9CMa€, 
now Vonur; fto. 

A.S. onapn, biIoo; 8a.-0. hammpe^ othWta, pog* 
nntor. OonoMaiagtheUttertenalhreolMerTeB; **Ae 
with onr anoooton all ozeolIeBoe ooneiated ia braveiy, 

who oioelo ia hie owa way ; m 
an ozaeilent prieet." L. B. eampio; 


!• Sometiniea it inclndes the idea of strength 
and nnoomnum siae. 

Of tte twi AnMrfr oAold flbtae ia the pcaia. 
At iMfimit bteDw and Daiee. 

Dm^ Virta, US, 4a 


flor IIIIObm e^ vaa feriorae, 

to beir. 


S> One whois yiewed as the leader of a party, 
or as a champion in controversy* 


joor pmheto Johae Kaoz, aad 
t Johae Spotiawod, to imprero 
BO and Aiunatiae aa leand witaeeeii ia 
— Bot penoVeatare albeit thir twa yoor 
Xiaìpii dar not for echame aaaweir ia thia mater, 
wy& appeiU to tho raot of joor lemit theoloffie o 
ml nnmbir in Sootlaad aad Qoaora.'* N. Wiayet, 
loith'b Hbt., App., p. 217. 
San. hawM deaotee a giaat t Id. mileo robnatna ; pL 
p. Itadd. haa obeerfod, that heaoe " probabÌT 

tho wariifca people tho old Ctmtbri took their aame.' 
Wonuaa, Badbeek, aad O. Aadr. karo tkrowa oat tho 
aanMidoa. Bat tko writen of the Ana Uoìt. Hiat., 
with fur grealw pfofaability, deriTO the aame from 
^ r.thoaonof Japhot. VoL L S75, six. A. 

KncPy KsMPiNy $• The act of striving for 
wugiidmtjf in whatever waj, S. 


J. M%e9t$ Pmm$, I ÌH, 

Spffli mndde italt aa* ye're ao fodt 
What Ola bfitlNo 

" * la oao tkere tko ooantqr to fight M sad tko bom. 
ddea that I gaagdaaaderiag beaiae^ aad tho heartha o' 
the gudwirea that me bm my bit braad, aad the bito o' 
weana that oome toddling to play wi' am idiea I oobm 
aboot a landward towa1>— He coatianod, graapiag hia 
piko-otail witkfpnmt empkaaia, ' Aa I kad aajgnde pith 
M I kao gndo-will, aad a gode caoao, I akooldgie aomo 
^ tkam a day'a fcmfMg.*'' Aatiqiiaiy, iii. SSS. 

*' I wad kao giea the beat man ia tko oooatry tko 
braadtk o' kia kadc. gia ke kad giea am aio a fai w j i ag 
aayokaodaao." BobBoy, a m 

[eicpbb» «. 1. One who strives for mastery 
in any way. It is now ffenerally applied to 
n«»^ atoiving oo the'We.UlÌI^ who 
shall first cut down the quantity of standing 
com which falls to his siiare, S. 

** Mark, laee aoogkt to kinder yon aad bm from kdp* 
iag to give a hot brow to thia berr of aotaUo hempen. " 
Saokw. Mag., Jaa. 18S1, p. 401. 

i. One who is supposed to excel in any art, 
profession, or exercise, S. 

Tkqr om ae An^MTV a' that diaor ike eon. 

itoM^a JMmow^ btrad. 

Or, aa it ia ay iomd ia tko a. Prov^ ••A'tkooora 
in the oonntqr m not ahom by kempen/* Peigaaon, 
p. 8. 

The Prov. haa a general a^ilioation to Uiooe who may 
do well enough in any liaob althoagk not aappoaad to 

Thia ia only another lonn of the e, Belg. lam|Mr, 
Gofm. facaii^er, a champion | Ir. o ai a ip cr, id. aeema 
to hafo a Qoth. origin. 

id. koemser, beUatorm foftea. Wo have aeea, tiiat 
tho aamo of the Chmhri^ aa girea by tho Romaaa, haa 
beea tmoed to thia origia. Q. Anv. ia like maaaer, 
ooaddera tko JwUe aa denominated from /otaa, to., 
gianta, vo. KetiqM, 

Tkia dam of worda kad bean alao need by the Cdta. 

C Bb comji^ a oirdo ; a feat ; a game ; akib the prise 
obtained ia the SHao ; ooaip-iats^ to oontead at gamea ; 


O B a yfa pr , one who oontanda in the gjunea; Owen. 
OaeL eampw*, a ohampioB. Whether G. & camp, aa 
denotiag a drrle, or Lat. eaaip-iii^ bo the nulioal tana, 
I ahall aot pretend to datanamo. 

[EIemp-booth, «• A rowing match, a con- 
test at rowing, ShetL Dan. tamp^ a com- 
bat, rotf, to row ; Sw. tamp and roJl 

Kemp-seed, «. 1. A variation of the name 
given to Rib-grassy Ettr. For. 

2. The seeds of oats, when meal is made, or 
the reeings of the sieve, are called in pL 
kemp^eeiUf Teviotd. 

Kemp-stanb, «. A stone placed as the 
boandary which has been reached by the 
first who iempM or strives at the JhUHng^ 
&Um$. He who throws farthest beyond it 
ÌB the victor; Fife. Y. Putting-stone. 

KEMP,f. 1. The name given to a stalk of Rib- 

Eissy Flantago lanoeolata, Linn.; Teviotd. 




S. À gme jOiiis doaomiiiatad ; also in pL 

Tv» oUkhm, or jouf pMpI^ paU Meb A doMQ of 
" of lib-^tMli; and try wlio^ with hit Aon^ om 

mafttft Bombor of thooo boloiM^g to 
Bi^ wlio hM OHO rwiumìng^ wnil 


tho OtMT on fCNM, WIM thO flHDO; 00 

Ì Begg m ^ mw -neigkbmw with eardi. Thoy 

_ aotoo of mbkn to thooo ttolka. 

••4^ Imoo» with pool ■implidty, ' Women olw»yo 

tt* to bo itrilmig feMM with * hoadoooM ind proper 

■ml"* PtoOoof Mob, UL Sia 

' rnoeiiihienno to ob old biob with a bold heed ; it 

to^TO noeired tho bobm of hai^ for o eimilBr 

of ito fancied likoneoi to a helineted 


I or pechMo ten tfie oae Biado of tho otalko by 
onlOa m their hanalew combat. 

had ocoaeioB to mBorfc it ao o 

that maoy of tho Tolgar Bamee 

of pfamti. Ib obt oooBtry, are either the aaaie with 

' " ' ere fliTOB them ìb SwodoB, or hoTo a 


> BMiiii fromoBo epeciee to OBother. Thia ia the 
here. ThoSw, 


of the floBtaflo Bieclia» or 

Sboo. ; 

litoriTly, warriotai ehampioao.' V. Kncr. Wo loam 
fkom uiaB, that^ ib HoUaad, doveror trefoil ie oaUed 

^ Meadow 0^*0 TMl,PbleBmprateBae,Ì8 IB 8w. 

odied Bwy^ampe, q. the aieedow-champiaB ; and 
nàmmt&kam,JkJÌ4nmme, the ohioftaÌB of tho/ellt 
or moBBtiSBa ; lÌBB. fkr. fineo., K. Mb 87. 

To KElfP£L» 9. n. To cat in i»eoe8» to cut 
into iwponite parte for a particnlmr nae ; as 
wlm wood is cut into hiUetSi S. B. 

FkBboUy sDM to 8B.43L faRfM, to ampntateb Bdg. 
■v-eoL iL B. AapBl-an. 

s. A qnantity of straw, consist- 

ing of f Mtjr wisps at bottlas, S. 

«*noprioo of straw, which waa aome tiflie ago eold at 

- - 4^»» Bdm. Stob. 

thoMo^ioBOW rednoed to 
Omna^ Aof. 29^ 1801. 

- Driven of etraw and hay will take Botice, that the 
Jta^of otrmwmBot coBBist of loity windlene ; and 
IkKt oaeli wiadloB* at BB areraga, moat weiffh eix pooBda 
tRBiL 00 that tho hempk most weigh mteoB atonee 
tMMu'' Adrort Mioib Ibid., Joly f8| 1806. 

KEaCSTOGE, «• A nautical term, nsed as - 
if sjimi. wiUi Ctg^tane. 

^WHk this Ptamigo took two peat cablee of tho 
Mfk aad tied them to tho he mil od t or capetano which 
WM on the doek towaida the hatchea, aBd faatoBod 
thM fai tfM gRNrnd.** *e. Unph. Bah. B. ii., p. 184. 

To KEN, V. a. 1. To know, S. O. E. pret. 
and part. pa. imf. 

1. To teach, to make known. 

AadomtdthotrowthtofDlktoAm. _ ^ _^ 

i rj ei<pw» vL i, Ui. 

Qiet entefy be Amd tbame wyth. 

a. To dixectt in relation to the end, or ter- 
Bunation of a conrse. 

doB tharfoie ihoitly aad bt we wmd, 


Dm§. nrfii;n»u. 

4. To duect with respect to the means; to 
shew the way ; to tei to a place, to point 

' out the road, S. B. 

Ik wndertak, Ibr mr aendoa. 
To htn jow to clyniD to the wall ; 

AndlflaUfoniiMtbeoralL ^ 

JMmot, & M4» Ma 

fta thyne to moot Tupeja he bim Amd f 
And beikayt to that eleda fre end to end. 
Qnhaie now itandis the goldin Cepttoiei 

It ooenn Ib O. B. aa oigBÌiyÌBg to ÌBotraet^ to Biake 
to know. 

—Also hennt me kindly on Cbriet to btleoe, 
That I might woike his wa that vrooght em to bob. 
^^ P. Fhtigkmmm, FoL 6, K 

]aLieB»-<^dooere,inatitaor^o^ldir^VeroL 8n.-G. 
faems-o, id. Kaeima banwm^ to inetnict ehildren ; 
JScM osf tkei rid/war kaauU, ho himedf tanght it na ; 
Ihre. It doeo not appear that A.-^. €«»»-«» waa need 

5. To be able. V. QL Wyntown. 

Mr. Macphenon jnstlyreiBavkii the BBalogy betwixt 
this aad Vr. ècavoòr, to kBOW, to be able; and A.-S. 
eratjtf wrt, atreagth. 

6. (To serve, to aUot.] 7b iea a widow to 
her iereef to set apart her proportion <^ the 
lands which belonged to her deceased hus- 
band, to divide them between her and the 
heir; a phrase stUl used in onr courts of 
law, S. 

^'Tbo Sdiinf of the eehire eonld fan bir to hir thrid 
port thaiiof, be OBO breif of dÌTÙUMm. gif echo pleia to 
nieoBy thmmpon, or be onynther wayoonfonn to the 
Uwia of thia imdme." 17 Nor. 102^ Balloor'a Phm- 
tickaj_p. 106. 

"The widow baa no ri^t of n oeeee wnn , and ao eaa- 
BOt rooeÌTo the rente in nrttto of her teroa^ till ehe bo 
eorred to it ; and in order to thia. abe mnat obtaÌB a 
brief ont of the chancery, directed to tho 8beri£^ who 
calla an inqnest, to take proof that abe waa wife to tho 
deceaa^ ; and that the doooaaed died inf eft in tho 
eBbjeete contained in the brief. The eerrice of een- 
tence of tho Jury, finding thcee pointe nrored, does^ 
withont tho neoeseity of a retonr to the cfaancenr, 
CBtitlo the wife to enter into the poeeemioB ;— bot aha 
CBB only pommi with the heir prv i mtìmBa, ead eo cao- 
BOt lOBiOTO tenante, tiU the Sheriff hem$ her to her 
teroob or dÌTÌdee the lands between her and the heir." 
Brekine'a Princ, & ii., TiL 0» eec. 29. 

Thia nae of the term woold eeem to daim a Gothic 
origin. 8b. -G. taauM ia need in ▼ariooa cog n ate w e n afie ; 
tm, cognoooore, eensn forenai. Kaama omtt, caoaam 
oognoocero. AIkh attribnere ; JTacRAa Jbn^i baedi or 
me kaUaai ; Begi tam f dicem a nam dnxam annonam 
aMÌgnaio ; Hoima Kr., t 64. (Eo. Periagak.) Kamma 
md dg^ rem q«M»^"" aibi Tmdicare ; whence ÌB tho 
Laws of the Weetroffotha aaniaeBiw aod roeefaicfma, 
rem qiiaadam forto aolatam, Bt Tero ooaBi, ▼indicare. 
Oppooed to Jhunaa Oid mg^ 'ìm afhtnamotmo^ a pbraae 
need when one appean in court and aolenuuyieBoaBceo 

hie right to any heritable property. ▼• Ihr^ to. 

••A womaBbaYÌBgrifl^ttoateroodiea withoBt beÌBg 
eerred or tomed to it ; her aecond hnabaad, or her 
Boaioet of kÌB, coofixm themaelTce exocntore aa to tho 
Bierite oBd dutiee of theee tereebada, aad vorme tho 
iBtromitters.'* FoBBtaÌBhaU'a Dedakma. i. 94. _ 

8B.-G. foow-o, cognoeoere, eei 
mo/ii; oaaaam cogBoeoere } Ihra. 





To Ksir, 9. II. To be acquainted, or, to be 
familiar ; [part. pa. keni^ acqnaiated, fami- 
liar with each otner, Clydes^ jBanffs.] 

CM WaOMt MM throB « dyrk guth bym h jit, 
^mA till * booML qnluHr b* wm wont to km, 
▲ vvdowdMUwMfrtBdfvUfilloariiMn. 

To Knr o' one's mO. To be aware, Aberd. 

KsHimrt t. 1. Knowledge, acquaintance, S. 
B^ often imttòw. loL itointngr, institatio, 
disciplin% Yerel. 

1. A taste or smack of any tbing; so as to 
enable one to judge of its qualities, S. 

8. A small portion, S. 

. Oif^thliWMl,ftJfani«immir, 

»• Mt than BM, 
FfB foi oontaoi^ whoM lÌMM MA fdr 

Mm, J. jrStots r iù§m §, i 1S7. 

4. Used as denoting a flight degree, S. 

Hioa^ MM may fMg a ibNMtti mrnag* 
lb me miàm it hamu, 

^ jMnu^liLllSi 

5. Any thing so small as to be merely per- 
ceptible by the senses ; as, as famua, S. 

; sla' rm in ebttar— 

•kto auB thro' the 

Tot lionB lUifl^ 
TUI M'ar maks tomkaektimim bttttr, 

^iekm'M P 9 tm§f 1786^ pi SSL 

8. Awiòi^ be kenning^ according to a propor- 
tional gradation, regulated by the terms of 
a former bargain. 

*'Oif the maatar of ana ahip hjria raarineria— to ony 
iMaTÌii or town, and it happm that tha ship can find 
■ft fraocht to go qnhair iho waa franchtit to, and swa 
ii ooBttnaait to go fudar ;— tha wages of thame that 
war hyiil on ilia naater'a cottia aoold ha aogmantit, 
iinwfaa h€ e arn ing ^ Mid oouna be conna, after tha rate 
of Ihair hyre, nnm thay com to the port of diecharge.'* 
Ship Lawu» Balfour'e Raet, p. SIS. 

SÌl-G. faffWMi, among ite Tarioos eeneee, ngnfiee, to 
diaeovor hj tha •eneea, to leal ; IsL henna oo, sustara s 
mkkmUng, natation hendr^ a enaU quantity of drinlL ; 
8w. tamnmg; Ham har amnm haenming €//ro$tan; 
HahaaetiUatOMhof thai^a; Wideg. 

KmrnrmOKLEf adj. Having a singular appear- 
ance, so as to be easily recognised or dis- 
tinguished from others, S.; kensptked^ Lin- 
colns., kennspeekf A. Bor. 

Igiaat ye, his ihwe is JknspeekU, 
' Itet tha whits o' his e'e is toro'd sot 

J. NieaPt Pwm», ii. 167. 

(Li BanAk hen$pecUtìM used also as as. denoting tha 
hy which a paiaon or thing may be easily reoog- 

y. OL BanflEs. 1 
Skinnar dcrÌTea it non hen^ to know, and A.-S. 
9fWC9^ a BMrk. U. henitpeH, and Sa.-0. katmMtpak 
are ased aetÌTely, as denoting a- facility of knowing 
otbaia; qui alioa facile unoecit; haenneapakkeH^ 
afBOsoenoi promptitado ; VereL, Dure, The latter 
taÌTaa tha kat syllabla from tpok^ aspiana. 

cloth of Kendal in England; a sort of 
frieze or a green cobnr made chiefly at that 

••ABaoQÌttofgianafciHÌifiiiS^aaagdooit'* Absid. 

Bag., y. IS. 

^TAna gnoa teidslyn^ doik.** Ibid. 

"KaltTor bmdaU fraese,** is mantioiiad among tlio 
aloths importsd ; Batesb A. ISll. 

To EENDLEy e. n. To bring forth ; applied 
to hares. 

When man ss mad a kyng of a capped 
When moa is levers other mones thyng than is 
When loads thoays forest| sat forert ys fiBlda. 
When hares k auu€ § oths lisrrton. Iml 

La^ OB tbs haarth-atooa. 

Pnmktew ascnisrf Is Hbseias ufMnOdom^ 
jfaffsiaif Fùtme, Introd. IzxviiL 

SUmMT gives E. khdk, parKa» which he obsenras. ia 
osed oonoemiag rabbita. In tha book of St. Albana, 
tha a. ia applied to tha felina laoe t "A iyncfyfl of 
yongecattes." E. iiii. Of Hawkying, &e. **Kfndlfm 
or brings fortha. Feto. jr«iKÌfMMÌaainfortiiebrìi:«- 
inga of bestia. Fatatoa.— iryncUMae or fortha bring- 
inga ol yonga beetis. Fetnra. 2ialiH^ or yooga 
Fatna." Prompt. Panr. 

▲pparsntiy from Germ, idnd, a chUd, whenoe Hacfel- 
Sier, " the fassting npon the christening of a child,** 
Bndd4ag. "chadarmasa^y;" Lndwig. Tha rsdical 
word appears in A.-8. cya, propsgo, or ceaa-aa, parera, 
**to faring forth or bear/ Soomer. Verategan obeerrea : 
'* We yet say of certain beasts, that they have henUd, 
when thay hava bronght forth th^r poling. Vo. 

Acemted. Alem. ehind, soboles. Notker usss 
tsnn in the eense of foetoa animalis, in relation to 
lamba. BringaU imo lila cAlaf dero aattfere^ AiTarta 
DoBsino Slice arietnm ; Pea. 28» L 

Kenlino, «• Brood. 

*'lVa tha confortabla aigna of the crooe contenit 
in tha ri, Qoestionn following thai abhorrs na lea 
than doia tha aald eerpent, and his poysonit kenlmg 
JnlianatheApoetatedid." N. Winyet\ Qnest. Keith'a 

Hist, App., p. 248, N. . , 

It is evidently tha same with Oarm. kimdUin, a babj 
or young child. V. Kbmdli, a. to bring forth. 

To EENDLE, Eendtll, ty. a. To kindle, S. 

" Considdering— how diligent thair sdTersaries wilba 
—to kendU andmterteine factioonee," fto. Acts Cha. 
I., Ed. 1814, V. 31& 

[Kendijn, s. Live coals sufficient to start a 
fire ; pron. kenlin^ Clydes.] 

[Kendtlt, part. pa. Kindled, Barbour zzii. 
429. Skeat'sEd. 

IsL lyado, to kindle, kyndiU, a candle.] 

KENE, Ketke, adj. 1. Darings bold, sharp. 


Te sr wslcaa^ camly Ung," ssid ths kmt knight 

Gaisan aiMl OsC, L Ifti 

2. CmeL 

For dont of Mogsn Ams, 
Mi sons y esyd thou wee. 

o¥r IVuifWSi, pk 49L 

A.43. ceae, braFC^ warlike, magnanimone. If* 
eeac and i^ftahi an^wig ; magnanimna erat^ at laepa 
oertamen tnirit singulars ; Somn. Sa.-Q. ifcya, l»efi» 
andaxy f erox ; kyn oe khok, etrennns pmdensqne ; 
Chron. Rhythm, an. Ihra. Qarm. hm, Belg^ ioea. 
Waehtar darivea it trom ' 

t 4 




[KJBLTy BlBTHLT, ad9. Keenly, InraTely, 
Bttbov, y. 865. Skeftft Ed. has iinfy.J 

KBMEREDy jmC [Frobablj for kamnd^ 


■• or «tM in «Mttl lit atrik. 
vifSM al Sflhir WawjB thai wortliflW wUkt 

itnÌMd, «XMtid himaelL Bat I oiiMrTt 

lvBi« UMM w% ahoald mppoeo it foniMd 

m. mm; or, horn A.-8. am imt* m 

mdosbtodlj «gBÌfioi» movod or olÌRod. 

' q, ««koon]3r ozeitod himaolf;" fram 

qfd by rp-tS tomoTO^ toolir; tonioov 

ilabs Lhofd and Owon. Cww<l<, 

iaSdil 18&. 

KENOUDEi «. A leason or caveat, waming 
gotbja^perienee; as, ^'ThatU be a iUit- 
fwii to JB ;* q. that will teach 70a to inoir 
f09ii fvom erfl, Teviotd. 

[KENUNO, a. Y • under Eendle, v. n.] 

[KENLT, KIT1IX.T, ado. Y. under Kens.] 

KENKAWHAT, 9. A nondescript, S.; from 
hm^ to know, im^ the negative, and tsAot 

KENMBSb KufflL s.pi: The same with Maw, 
in kind. 

fanMOa AaMM% onatoBM% •^m^i 
JaTVL, 161S; Sd. 1814, p. 470. 
— '^ifVNffli thn rignntonr, Ae.» of tho fowmiiUoi, 

L, Id. iai4^ y. 44a y • CADI, Kaxv, a. 

KENNET, a. Some kind of hunting dog. 

1; parhana n dimmntÌTO from Lat. 

I kaoar not wkaaoo SAb. baa quoted. Bot tiiia ia 
aaOAwoH. **Xaiai; lionndo. EapanriQa.** Prompt 
Ptev. IhnfnaotBBotwitiioith«rtlME.orLftt. woid 
ia aagr oltor diaHonair. KenH ia oridontly faom 
O.Wt. dUaMMt potit ohiaa; cA«m^ an 1»a Lat. cAe> 

KENS^j^ Duties paid in kind. Y.Ebnnbs. 
OCENSIE; EENZIE, «. Y. Eentie.] 

IKENSPECKLE, oif;. Y. nnder Ken, v. a.] 

KENT,a. 1. A lonff staff, properly such a one 
as shepherds use tor leaping over ditches or 
onoka, 8. 

▲ Utt»kdM'arlaan'dento'araAm<; ' 
Or komriad ooljr o'ar tha moaajr baai. 

At tot to akoap htanaaO main to ftand. 
Wr Mp aTofS^ tea latia bis hand. 

itaf/a fTa l mora ^ pi 44 

is moot probably alUod to "fiiani; n 

; Kant*^ OL Groaa. 

I olymologiat m^sbt tìow tUa aa ndical^ 

tsltol €mLui, n polo ; or dodnoo it from Sn.-0. 

Diaitsf; q<^WB qnia jÌMiclia pedibm§ par labrion 

ToKsirr,fr.a. 1. To saf or put a boat, bj us- 
ing a long pole^ or hnUf South of S. 

** *TboywiU row vary alow \ aaidtbo pan 'orbml 
wbandaptbponùta, to avoid noiaa."* iKot»iiia61. 

t. << A tall person f GhdL EncycL 

EENTIE, Kbnzib, Kbnsib, s. PL isnyist, 
^fighting feUows;*" Ql Aberd. 

Up tba kirfc-Taid ha fiut did M 
I wit ha waa na hoiUa, 

Ind a' tha Amyitf rlow?d to aaa 

A bonny kind of toljia 

Atwaan than twa. 

Ckridmaa Ba*img, Skimm^s Mùc FotL^ pi 18L 

Tbia ia aabatitatad for^Midb^ Sd. 1805. 

Than Bobana Boy begonth to vavaO* 

And Towala to him drugged : 
Lat ba, qno' Jock, and cawd him Java!, 

And ba tha tail him toggit 
Tba Amaif elaikad to a kaval 

— woto if thir twa loggit 

CMM*! iCEHI^ at viL 

CbBopdar randora tbui "tho angry man," firom 
A.-& Ama^ Ama war, vir aoar, ixaoandna. Ann. Soot. 
Foama^p. 127. 

I anapaot that it ia ttooasM word that ooooxa in 
tto ftdlowing paaaaga :— 

Conla, AmaiiL and knaYÌa, 
Inthmng and danait In thnTÌa 

CbOattii &w, F. L V. SOI 

Tto propar prononoiatiop aopaaia to to JTcasfit^ q. v. 
ADiaa jMriuma to Sa.-0. lops l;yii, foroz, anoax. 
Dm mantiona laL hoen aa having tha aama moaning^ 
aa aignifying ignama. Or ahall wo traoo 
to QaoL eaonnaicl, atrif o ? 

[KEOBE,t. A reward, a gif t, ShetL Dan. 
~ ' \ IbL kaup^ id.] 


[To EsoBB, 0. a. To bribe, to induce Jb^ 
promise of reward, ibid. Dan. 
toapo, id.] 

EEOCH (gtttt), «. A wooded glen, Fife ; 
pronounced as a monosyllable, q. kyogh. 

To EEP, Ekpp, Ebip, v. o. 1. To catch, to 
intercepti S. 

Tù hip a jfroAe^ to raooÌTo a atroko in snob a way aa 
to prarant tlm daaignnd affaot, S. 

Ha watb to apy, and atrikia in aU bit miebt, 
Tba tothir Amw him on hia baxdom wicht. 

Am^. Vvr^a, 1^ 7. 

Palynana fbrth of hia oooeha vpapcant. 

mjng about, and harknyng ooar all qohara, 
With aria prart to hnp tha wynd or air. 

Jkm§. FMpil,S5, so. 

Anribaa aaro «yia<. Ylif. 

It often aignifim to atop tho program of any objoot : 
aa, *«Bnn and atop tho road, A^ that honor "Stand 
yothoroaadAfpthoahaap^rilwoarthom;" S. 

S. To receive in the act of falling, to prevent 
from coining to the ground, S., A. Bor. 
Thus one is said to kepp any thii^ that is 
thrown ; also, to kepp water^ to receive rain 
in a vessel, when it is falling. 

For aa vawar ha itonplt, and daoalit, — 
MIB him A^sMftl ak wim on hia brand. 



IM an «kt Utdt vp to tk« Utt aad bud 
Ai^pA Ilk iObad lufli bid hM bt. 

Am^ Virjfa, ttt. 81. 

••UllMfftoq^AllkiflWp&i Boobt dmrlM onir ilM I711. 
bnUi Ihiijm tdf btthAirfall, ftgrowitmewOl ; Ttbwu 
ar ayyll m Mwdrooiiia.'* SNmot. Alb., e. si 

bkUl viltor MwUit tbABM. ebaik aad diitt : 
ftnuÌBf IbaL MROW nudr Umt nebt tt, 
Bol AmSc •taadAilli at Um iklraa tiudr in. 
Ayt^dMi Oii^tf^ F^§m§ ^rftnth OtnL, pw SQOL 

S.. To meet in a hostile waj. — 

Hit bitaillli b« ntM tbn ; 

A^ tlad Msylt la iMitidU, 

Vb te ttMi gif Umt wild MnQa, 

.floM vlfb flMir lb jli tMamblyt tbd, 

Itei Ayyd Ibda nebt bvdUy. 

^^ JMmt, liv. IM. 197, Ma 

lad dlvr ttid, q«b« b« MOM bAM^ 
IbM Ivfriijm tbt Kii« WiUuM. 

B. CH0M. «ni tb« viofd IB lb« 
As M b« oak of LoBdw wmto in A tfd«. 

A got «1 byat AnCf tb« In a «Dd« tydo, 
Ww •■ bndiod oygUt y omMd wd ynoir. 
nil priMO ol fB yvir towoid bom draw. 
Hto ooooB ogqFB lijm ¥B war, A alowo bym ol for BQgt 

P. 81 

fii liks iMW, B. BnuuM :— 

Mlrik bodo ittwavd, bii umbo wm HoraioB : 
Kibribt bo An< at Hombw, A 00 bim bo no. 

tbo iMtiiilo^ ola tbii togidor itynt ; 

tb« doyo, tbo dobo ftf tbo djnt 

nii ooMO oooM to bavo boon ttnlmowii to Hoomo^ 
as it fa ovoriookod ia both OloMorioo. 

4. To meet in an aniicij>le way, in oonae- 
qnonoe of gwnff forth to receive another ; 
or to meet aociaentallj. In the first sense 
need 8.8.9 in the second, S. 

Ibo kidght Àaitttbt Xiaa eomly and oloir, 
WttkBdif aad ladTiTòrii 
Mot bm teitb oa tbo ant^ 
ifao talto bym in at yatOb 



Aad digbt tbaai in ttair b«ot aiaj, 

fb AMtiio XiM tbat ilk doT : 

fb^l9«i biaito ikbo wiiiC 
^ ' aaobQaUad. 


^Taitoa, iÌL lOsTlsL*^ 

ittasffarfoa. Bat ba baa mutakon 
of tbi% aa of oororal othor worda, in tbo 
saao poaaL^ Honadon me, tmrnut inatoad of ery, p. 
lei } ar«^,air, inataad of h^^n, p. lia 

Tba atoio viaSia bioo Ibl load. 

of dona. 

Hia alao aapL ia y ii d ', viowod, iaatoad of blooaad ; p. 
1171 a^ai; BJadador tboagbt^ for attaa&ptad, p. 121. 

Ibar «aa nana liuit aa« aiynf 
Uato tba bid at otjta a dynt 

^H^^^^v^^B aav ^w^^BB ^Bv AaiB^M bmmb^^^kw^^p ^Hhob aoBa%» ^ntta^^ 

aana to bavo tba aaoM goBonf origia. Sibb. man- 
Xaat. bqy>4a, o^tofo. 

S. To meet accidentally, S. 

8. To Kbp of, to ward off. 

7* To Kbp baekp to prsTent from fletting for- 
ward,a \ 

8. To Kbp m, to prevent from issuing ont bj 
guarding the passage, or rather hj suddenly 
opposing some barrier to what is issuing or 
endeavouring to do so» S. 

9. To Kbp out, to prevent from entering by 
suddenly opposing s<»ie obstacle^ S. 

TIm diibroBoa bo t woo n tiio ». fo fap aad to wear 
ooaaiato ia tbia t Ifeor doaotao tbat tlio action ia oob* 
tiaaod for oooso timo, and dooo aot naoeaaarily imply 
tba laaat dama of diÌBcalty or a^tatioa ; wboreaa cap 
alwaya ajgnnifa tliat tbo aetioa la anddon, tbo oppooi* 
tion baiag oaiokly iatorpoood, and ganoraUy, if not 
al«agf% impuaa aoaio dagno of diiBoa%and agÈtatìon. 

10. To Kbf i^ the hair, to bind up the hair, 
Meama, Lanarks. 

Ibo Itfd'i Maiia bai Aw^iC bar looki 

Cp wi' a govdan kaaia, 
AadT ibo'i pot on bar not dlk boaa, 

Aa' avn'^to tba trjito bai gMM. 

Am^, Aa XonTa Jfaric 

— JCS» aa ia foor armi twa, 
And ktna aa lb' down. 

Jmmimn*9 P^tJm Bag., li. 4A 

Kovb, apring, tboa dariiag of tbo yaar I 
nk oowaup oap abail A9 a taar. 


Kbpab, s. 

One who catchea at a thing; 

KBPPnro-KAm, s. The lam comb used by 
women for tucldiiff up the nair on the bacK 
part of the head, u>ia. 

It la aoaaotiaiao in ì lffiì n fradHiiiff Iwag. 

KEPE,KBP,f. Care, heed, attention. Tbloib 
kgpif to observe, to take care ; O. EL id. 

Tbo 8ootimiw <Mft off tbar cammyng god Aqm / 
▼pon tbaim iit witb itnlda lad and nr ; 
Taid aana away off aU tbat antrit tbar. 

waUtto$, iL nr, m 

A.-8. oq»-aa, oarai% adrartara. Saraa. viawa B. 
k$^ aa aUiad to laL kippa, viBoalom. 

[KEPPB, s. A flat piece of wood secured 
in the mouth of a horse when bringing 
home the sheaves, to prevent his eating the 
com, Orkn. and ShetL IsL ieppTf a piece 
of wood.] 

KER, Kar, adj. 1. Left, applied to the hand^ 
nmuter^ S. Car-ktrnd^ me left hand, A. 
Bor. Grose. 

**yMBbfaricbtbaBdwaaaat tbo aoennd idoU,Odbon» 

God off paaoo^ woir, and battolL— Vpon tba ker and 

wrang ada^ wnaplaoed tba tbriddo iaolo^ Frigga, the 

of pjoaanra of tbo bodio and loataa of tbo 

n amongrt tlio Qontiloa and tbo Bo* 

Slcono^ Varb. Sign. to. ffebdomoB. 

** Ha loaaait tba Tr^fting in liia kar band, and Tald 

BOobt spin it nor raid tt qnliU tbo boraau bad atrikyn 

tba * «ijafafra tba praaoaariaof Gallaa qnhilkia bod oon- 

apyuv ooBtnr GapiM." CompL 8», p. 178. 

S. Awkward, Galloway. 

3. Wron^ in a moral sensei S.; like Lat. and 





Sir !Ra S^!?^#?J5r« • r«r grt, jji,- 
MMBift **nom Vbftm idptfy thAl jou wiu oohm to la 
nfdr|talI4»Mtka9v tiM nmoo of th* ezprat- 
il0Bt"|wlNl Tho Mr gOo lo oortoinlj tho rood to 
t lw lrfM »>if*wi ym wy,or thotlii o di nglod— tmction. 
QmL OMrr, U. I 3hov. It hoo boon gooonUy laid 
lyo^iiHiiii i^tJMifcKoooothLwaooMiiomodiCdr, 

V. Caou 

VjNvi. ocfp. Lefi-hmadad, awk* 
wuN^a YlCiOL 

KXB» «. Anof'il i»r, the soft kernel, or 
■mill jrintiiKNii {MurU of suet, which are 
caraf oflj taken oat, when it is meant for 
puddiiigi^ Acy Ang; 

KBRBi KiBB SroNgs, The large stonesyoften 
aet on end, on the borden of a street or 
cansewaj; eonr. from m6, q. as confining, 
or seriinir as a fence to the rest, S. B. 

I to 800 teas ollicrft aad coniago- woy ilonto 
■Mt to L oadon, Lynn, and otiier ploooo, 
mSfywM hoio at ISo. per lon.^j:ir6 ond 
otaMO. 700 tOM." P. Potoriiood. AbonL 

Aoou, zvL OK ttOb 

KERB]T,a4f. PeoTish, Mearns. 

& hoi boia onppoood tliat thio maj bo a oorr. of 
OmUmL à aotb m wn^ now it q, Coro^ q. biiim 

XEB-OAIK. Y.Cabxoaw. 
JUEREFULL, «. As mnch ai fills a sledge 

aall tootoro f or zij ktrtJkU 
flCki^,^''ao. A0t. Bom. Coao., A. 140fi^ p. S23. 

Tp- KERF, a. a. To carve, Dong. VirgiL 

KEBNE, Kebn» «• 1. A foot soldier, armed 
with a dart or a sesofi* 

n« ai/W lot Om fMtlt Nonaaa blodo 
Ooov crii isr bigbland AiHM. 

His and ia a aadlBr oonoo ^B. writora in nfor- 

t. A Tagpbond or study beggar, S. 

Ibr Um otjpa of tho woid, V. Qai.i^ooi.acH. 

KKSS, KBB88, M. Low land, adjacent to a 
fher. y. Cabu. 

VadorCaBsalbavo ■o at joaod A.'Bor. Carre, "a 
hoDow plaoo ia wbkb wator atanda," aa prob^Iy a 
ijjBoayaML It io aadoabtodlr tho aamo word tihat 

offtoography, in tho moat 
It opodBoa of lai^iah Lozicomphy. "X^, 

> oowo bgr wator or fen. Ckraetom. Ktr 

israldoBB. Slaotaai " Pkompt. Fkrr. CanfefMR ia 
oa^L, Locao oardaia pltaaa ; DaGaaga. 

KEBSSESi a. pL The generic name for 
Chesses; AJurarfiMmi S. 

lUo ia alao tiM O. S. f ona of tho word ; oorreopond- 
iag to A.-& oocrw^Bolg. SiraM; Daa. AorM» 8w. ftro«ie» 

Tho tona was oacia atly aaod ia aing. aa aa oabloBi 
. ef say tiaagof aavalao. 


oad wytia aowo ia not worth a mtf9$» 
Bait if it ba eardid with ooootK aa elothan htnbo bar 

P. Pfwipdaiaw, M. 45^ K 

What a fooblo aiodo of omraaaioa, oomparod with 
that whioh io oabotitatod ia thia oalightanaa agOb hj a 
alight ohaaga of tho word I 

EEBT, s. A seaman's chart 

— ^Pkaotlag ao thing o^art 

la ooBByag oowpaw nor kmrL-^ 

CUMNa Aif^ P. i ▼. OSL 
Taat. lofriiSi id. 

To EERTH, V. a. Apparently, to make do-* 
monstrations, to assume a bold appearance. 

''Tliorfor aiaoo ovaning waa i^»proaehing^-^wao 
ooald withoat boiag aaon of thenit or onlFering oar 
aogeia to ooo thorn, pat a graat hill botwizt thorn and 
oa, and lat oar hoiaao bo kertkmg ia thoir tìow, till 
tho foot woro Biarchod aa hoore ; and thaa como off 
anothor way b^ holp of gaidoa war thora.*' Sir Fat. 
Hume'a Narratiyo, p* 02. 

Alliad parhi^ to Fr. cturièe, a lottor of defiaaoa^ a 
ofaallango. It any, howofor, bo aa orror lor fatU. Lo.« 
kgihe, anow theanoalvaa. 

ies of louse. Y.Kabtib. 


[KERYELE, Ebbvell, Cabvile, s. A 
carrel ; a Ihriit yessel of a peculiar build. 
Accts. L. fi. Treasurer, Vol. L p. 54, 66, 
68, Dickson. Du. ihiro«4 id.] 

EXRyOnR,«. A carver. 

— ''ApproTÌa tho gift aiaid Tador oar aooorano 
lordia grot oolo to HMy Stewarti maider kervour to 
oar aooorano had, of tho offioo of diractour of tho 
dhaaooUaiy,** Ao. Aota Ja. V.»lSa4,£d. lS14bp.8S7; 
f.o., ''prindpoloarror." 

KEST, Keist, Eestb, preL v. 1. Threw. 

'* Ho gart dolao vp al tho bania of tho dotht papU 
fortht 01 thore aapaltara, and keiti oaor oaym banob 
ando oontomplit onyiy hardyn pan, ana bo ano.**^ CompL 
8.» p. a io. 

** mth thooo worda tho horald ia Haddo'a owa faoo 
mohiaama^aadAeiifthamoTorthoaeafibld.'' Spald* 
lag; iL aiO. 

[2. Dug, dug out, cleared by digging; as, 
^ He tef peats a' tlaj.** 

''ItoBi, tho aaim ziiij da of JaUi, (1480), qohaa tho 
King poat teth of Lythqpw to Qloaoow, to tha men 
that 6d tho gayt at tho Banrod to tho gannia, at tho 
Kingia eoounandob to tho drink, z a Aoota. Lb H. 

3. rCast off; as, ''thej keist their claes**]; 
threw off in the chase, let loose. 

And tftar they art conunia to the cbaoa, 
Amaag tha Boataaia in tha wrld forest, 
Tha ryaa jng hooadia of capplia fona thay 

4. Contriyed, fonned a plan. 

Tb waiy it Wallaoa Urn aelff tooa went, 
nahah «w. ha Ami in hia aoteat ; 
To wyn that aaold ha haa ehoayna a gait 

Waiiaet, tL 807, 1Ì& 

5. Turned to a particular course or employ- 
ment. **He Uiit himself to merchandice';" 
Reg. Aberd* 




C Osfo à OMt of Hme or plaster, S. Y. 
Oik8T9«.a. 7b JuM^ to cMt; Cumberland. 

S.«iliia0tdlBtlM«yMBMUph.t«iM. Thatnui* 
Moa it fMud^ M tiMMt of tba mind, in Mroapìi^ 

Mi thooditi into «vti7 poanbU form, in ordor to doriio 
IkoMimpffQMrplMioi oondoetingMiy bnainMi. Bt 
a dailar Mulogf, Lat /oe-cri^ to throw, joined with 
0M, dipBÌflM to fiMi (em^kenj whonoo tho B. term 

KESTy part pa. [Cased.] 


MamkiB, tt. U, Ma 

L«^ mmit Yoor htwt Is satnwtsd to vam, being eioMÌ 
iaaeass. V.Qaov^sMMS. 

KET» Kbtt, f . Carrion, the flesh of animals, 
espedallj sheepi that have died of disease 
or from accident, Loth. Bord.; horse-flesh, 


aosiljaUiod to Id. had, fcfttnt rooons, 

itM oft 

Tm!L èatt, efaiTÌo^ aoidaii U. heiia, wina Tetiis et 
ÌMlkU: O. Aadr. Or, Vf an oUiqne uao of 8a.-0. 
koiiLuLkmtLmKO^doM-k^eLàmàfLMhì laL oneMfa. 
▼MUgOb tatiiriUtinai ; O. Andr., p. ISfi. 

To Bjr, «. a. To eormpt. 

II b tht ildMt tkit ofir «n indm ; 

i^ùOk BMlhl nor mwI may noi^t nat nor kO, 

JB T wif yH ai , Sm nm iipmi P o tm Sf pi 125» at SL . 

Lovd Hailaa sifraa this word aa not mdaratood. It 
ndioaUy Hm aano with tha a. 

TKn^adj. Dwarfish, 

\Kbtt, s. ** A matted, hairy fleece of 

Bha wii aaa Ml 0^ moorland topa, 
Wl' tawttd Si<, a^ hairy hipii 

BmmitVL 8S. 

CBL etuAm hm^ eonfinadt It, eaUeach. a matL 

Kbtt, $• 1. The weed called quick-grass, 
& A« 

S« A qpungjr peat composed of tough fibres 
of moss and other plants, Upp. Clydes., 

8. Exhausted land, what is reduced to a caput 

^ » 1« Matted ; the soil being said 
to be ii«^, when bound together with quick 
ffrass, S. A. Kttf as used for a matted 
fl eec e, is periiaps onljr a secondary sense. 

S. Applied to peats of the description given 
abore^ Upp. Clydes. 

KET, adj. Irascible, Galloway, Dumf r. 

Shan wo Tiaw lUa aaanobliqno aanaa of Sil-O. fo< 
laadTna-aa antmala whan hol^ aro aaaily irritated; 
or aa allied to Id. kH^ ^^if-^ litigars, altareari, 
kUSap^^ oontantio f _ Feon. i^Mn ia renderad. 


8a many laoketlia, aa iBoay ibCdU-nOZaHt, 
8io baina. aio aaekettia, and sie tattTÌUaria,— 
within thia land waa naTÌr hard nor lena. 
DiMÒflr, GmL Satgrtf Jktnnaiifm Potm», pi 44, at 14 

My worthy old friend, 8ir Alexander Beaton of 
Preaton, Tiewed thia term aa aignif ying tennia-playem. 
Kaiek wpiA. in Linlithgow, he obeervw^ denotea tho 
toania-oonrti V. Caobb-foli. 

Lord Hailaa landera it aharpera, anppoatng thai it 
may have heen oorr. from Fr. gatpUlewr^ a apend-thrift. 
▲t firal view, one misht imagine that it were eom* 
noonded, either of ibelM, which Chaooer naea for co^dl, 
to Uy hold of ; or Fr. eodU, concealed, and mitor, n 
pilferer, a pnrloiner, from pitf-er, to rifle, to roo. Bat 
tlua doaa not agree with the oonnexioo. Donbar men> 
tiona h(BJJU» or Dallai natiheUU, which aa Lord Hailea 
oonjeotorea^may be from Fr. macqu€t, a lad iHio marka 
at tennia; fadbeftia, which may^ denote the inatramento 
witii which pUjpara atrike their balla. In conformity 
to thia explanation, Aeto&«-p<tfarif nndoabtedly aignifiea 
piayecs at baU; oorr. from Tent. 49a«lM-«peA Indoa 
pilaa; loeoa ezereitio pilae deatinatoa; Kilian. Thia 
la confirmed by* hand-Vall being oallad Ma ooidU by 
Lyndaay. V. Carohb. 

E£THAT,s. A robe or cassock. 

And mvnd about him aa a qohaill. 
Hang all hi rampUlia to thaliaill, 
*^<« mtikfU fer th *>** " 

all ia nil 
iMat fbr 

by Lord 

Tlie word ia nalorally enough riewea dt iioia 
Hailea aa a ooir. of IV. eaao^M^^ B. oueodr. Sw. 
Iwriotffa^ id. Goth. hatUt Toatia mnliebria plioato; 

\, M. pL 

TWi— ^M Doaoanna da Oarrio^ A.D. 1225, graato 
aaitaia privilagaa to the clergy of Carrick, and among 
theaa^ 'JOonSdinm ad opoa aerrientiam anonim qni 
Ktikrm nnnonpantar a dacicia non eziget memocatia." 
~~M. Olaig. Ragiat. Yet, f. 48. 

GaeL eaUifir aigniflaa wavriorai eeathofh, a troop ; 

dier. V. ^ 

whanoe caafMNnacat a addier. 

EETON, «. 

"The king orderad 6^000 footmen to meet him armed 
with a Aefon, a aallet and ^vea of mayle.** Cox'a Ira- 
laadvip. 100. 

Thia moat oartai]^ be Tiewed aa an abbrariatioa 
of IV. AojneCois O. tr, oa ga aton, a aoldier'a caaaock. 
V. AcroK. 

KETBAIL, Ettral, t . A term used to 
express the greatest contempt and abhor- 

Sibb. rendara it kereiidt, Bot it ia need in a mora 
general aenae, in oonaaqnence of the abhorrence inapirad, 
dnxÌQg the dark agaa, oy the term herttie. For uia ia 
ito mora determinate meaning; Tent. keUer, Germ. 
tdter, haeraticna. Ihre mentiona thia aa only the 
aaooodary aenae of 8n.-G. ixiettara, giring aa the firat^ 
qui contra natoram peocat. I am mclined, howerer, 
to think that the other ia indeed the primary aignifica- 
tfam ; and that the tann ia merely a oorr. of Vaihari, 
the deaignation contemptaooaly conferred on the Albi- 
genaea. Aa it haa atiU been cnatomary with the Chnrch 
of Some to charge aU whom aha waa pleaaed to dnb 
kereikt, with the moat abominable impnritiea ; we per- 
ceive a aatiafa c toty reaaon for the double aenae of thia 
KeimU aeema a dimin. from keUer, q. a little 
y. the latter 1% aad KTnuu 



[CErTACH,«. The HshingFrog^calIed also 

[JLHriTlJfi-NEETU^ #• The Dipper, (Cm- 
«ÌM« gyMrfiVifi, Fkmiiig), a hird, Baims.] 

ZETTBISr, «. jA BSghland cattle-ttealen. 
y. Oatssahss. 

lb KEUOHLE (gnttX v. n. To oongh, 

KiuoBU^ «. A eouflhy the act of coiidunff. 

•iifadiaÌBalm fco» Ttat i i ic > as Bilg. 

AmIi^ loll.' 

JUEUU«. Abt^Bozh. 

To KsuLy Ebuixx iriU* Tohayeintercoiine 
with, Selkiifci. 

•«X irf^^a iwifflfiiy wHho luzrm thftttlinwani 
IMiglktf Bood*.* Hogg1iWutarTklM.u.4i. 

ÀB tkUdtpkàmmìo^ùùompUà horn €€t9Uùitkttva, 
Ihs tHm 8Mnt to nte to tfa* iMd* of MftUÌBg a Batter 
«f4iifatobf lot. Toat. Jb«M(«^ Mfftifi 

SEULIN»«. Perhapt the same with Caffost, 

r Ik* Bids oil wiadj tiHK 
A dntl CUM wf A Moa> 
BnM Ub oa-k bW wi' a btald teltK 
JMntr'* CarMn. Ai'«V» Ink lUL^ "t 11 

IlBivdMoto joaaf pooploÌBgaMnl; 8a.-0. Ul^ 

btnbbor, fte. ; 
■poB, to Mfth, M 
iti| and tho bodiet of 
allaekB WBO pieportd 

[KEtTSS, t. A uile, a heap^ a mass;- *<a 
liAM of 8ÌBad»9 a number of sillacka put 
hito some receptacle, and allowed to remain 
tin ihejr have acqnired a gamg or spoilt 
flanmr, OL Orfcn. and ShetL 

frSB Aims to biap oortk or oto 

ealfaiwBi la oldoa tÌBOi^ Mob. 
if IniTÌBg ia tbo gromd. j 

ToKEVi;v.a. Y.Oatb. 

ToJUSVJSyV. a. To toss. 7b ibnw <t# earl; 
to orertlirow i^ A. Bor. Y . Cats. 

KBTnre, $.pL The refuse separated from 

KEVEE. OaCiUimi^ possessing that flow of 
• spirits that borders on derangement, haTing 
a bee in one's bonnet, Stirling!, 
fk^ otn sv li firf f<Nk to bo «a tlB alBt. 

KEVEL. Y.Katbl. 

ToKEYEL,e.ii. To scold, to wrangle, S. A. 


no trivlt BBI to telt BM.— 

AlMB. iWU^ U. tgfim, 8o.4>. A/hiw. Isiftft/^ 
rixorii 8a.-a. ifci/; otrifo. 

EEYEL^tw Abt Y.Cayxl. 

To EEYEL, V. a. To wield in an awkward 
manner, Ettr. For. 

EEYEB, «. A gentle breese, so as to caose 
a slight motion of the water; a tenn nsed 

PiBb^o a dBÌTOtm froB Xmn^ CbB^ to tOB ; q. 
wboS Bovoo or tooBo tbo boot. 

EEYIE, t. A hen-coop. Y. Catzb. 

EEW, f. ExpL ''an ovenet," Ajrxs. ; pro- 
bably denoting too mochfatigne. 

EEWIS, «.p/. Line of conduct. 

Bob fBit nd BB Itar ttiJr god Afifù; 
Sob atrit to tmrnpooiii and to ■ehnwii. 

Ihrnbtirt Bmnnaiifmt P^ms, pi SO, ft IL 

Lord Haiko vondoB tbio *' ready addroB, fit oooioo 

for addxoB ;" doriTing it froB Fr. erne, wbieb io oMd 

' bobiad tbo iOQiiM for tbo ooadiidiiiff word of a opooeb. 

I would mtbor ludontoiid it of Sio oondnnoa of a 

ao IV. qunm bearo tbo oamo aooiOk Oud 

AfwiiL Bay tboa doiioto propor ooodoet ia genond. 
It m aood ia a Indiorooo oonoob K Tor g roo n , i. 110 »— 

▲ad bt koipo ax bBt bit Amob 
Spoati la Ui alabbom Dtk. 

EEWL, t. One who rides a horsoi that is 

not under proper command, with a halter, 

when he bnngs the halter under the horse's 

jaws and makes it pass through his mouth, 

u said to tnU a kewl on, Soxb. 
OL B. tk mp t a taia ; or oonr. firoB B. eoilL 

KET,t. The seed of the ash. Y.Abh-xbts. 
EEYL,«. A bag, or sack. 

««AaokylfaUofoldiB,"Loi,offML Abad. Bog., 
A. ISSS^ T. XT. 002. 

Tbio Io Boot pcobaUy tbo ioau word witb ImL k^ 
oo1b% oaoeoi^ O. Andr. ; ator, Boaticai Haldonoii; 
ozpL hj Dan. laeder-tadt and ituki, botb donoting a 
leraom oaok or bag ; JTW^ neeoM, poro ; VoroL lad. 
id. v.- " 

Ibra^Ta JriV,iaiM4. TotbBO 
woBniitaddA.-S.«ftti;utor,eodQa,]agona; "abottlo^ 
a boRoU, a ilagoa; mmI etflf^ aooopora, "a loatbora 
bog ;** SoBBor. 

EEYLE, s. Ruddle ; S. kuL 

'*Tbo badia aBÌsnii to TboBoa Symfoon— to pmfo 
tbat tbo gadia tbatno diitranyoit for tbo lardo of Foni* 
via dottaa— war ono tbo lard of Forayio otdo laadii, A 
Wblai^ftbioBark.'' Act. Dob. Goaa. A. 1480^ 
p. St. y. KxBU 

[KEYUN, s. Y. Eeblino, Eeuno.] 

[KEYN.adu Keen, bold, Barbour, viiL 280, 
Skeaf s EkL] 

To EETBTH, tr. a. Toscratch. 

Wdl eovtb I kt^Hk bii cnik bob, and kaaB 
bia eowit aodlL 

^^W^^9^^ttm% ^BBsaaeavB^^iB 4 v^^^^wo s^a s^ao 

XayrA ia aaod odil 160Q» iMtoad ol efaw ia tbat 
pabliabod by Hr. Piabartoa. 



8a.«0. Awrt i a, Btlg. krùis-m^ id. Xn|i<-€ii» imtavib 

JUSTSABT, •• A hack, or frame of wood* 
ia which cheeaes are hong up for being 
dried, Hfe. 

Tbaii tarn ktr d e, flwtlU, Saemk o M ai ri a; fromfaeM^ 
kiÈt, • oln web Mild IkanU, m frmDm of wood. Thiaiton- 
donftly tho mom with Kaisari, ftlthoogh differoatly 
ÌB Hm diflefoat ooantioB ; m Kaimui in Aagiit d«i 

To KETTCH, v. a. To toss, to drive back- 
warda and forwards, S. 

TWoithodoi, tbtyll tmrimdBt tt, 
If pv|j oppoiito hat spAin it 
'^ wolmedk'if bttwMBtlMtwa, 

rai dabta •&• and a*. 

II l aa iM tlM tiaM with Cachb, q. ▼. 

Ebttoh, Ettoh, #• A toMi, S. 

**I imm had botlor kail in my oogne,'and na*«r gaa 
tham a kqfiek,^ Ramaay'a S. ProT., p. 39.— Kallv astpL 
this aa tlia loply *'of*liaaffiity maid to them who toll 
har ot aa nnwwthy anitor.^' It " alladaa to an act 
tha Soottiah reapera, wbo^ if their broth be too 

hol» oaa throw tham np into the air, aa they tarn pan 
aakaa. without loaing one drop of tham." P. 184. 

To KIAUVE, v.a. *«To work, to knead,' 

Than yon do bny a leaf o' wax. 

~ Mnnm it weal, and moold it lUr. 


Jamin o m 't Fcfmlm All. iL SBflL 
a oorr. of Taat^ q. t. 

tLEi, EtbiiXi, aA\ Strongs firm; when 
applied to an animal, inclnding the idea of 
actavit J or agility^ S. B. 

XyW it naad by WyntowB. 

▲n provit grat pronaa wrth hym then, 
Quara men myeht aa, tnaa aodanly 
Xyaai p yon ikhay. 
Dnaeh for daaah, and dyutfor dyat : 
Myoht aa man myaa, qaham ha wald mynt 

Ia aaottar IGL it ia— 

AaMI ya yow Behfly. 
Mr. If aspharaoB aa am a to view the term aa inazpli* 

aabla^ Bnt aa tho paaaaoa ia moat probably oorr., par- 
" il ahonU bo— ^ 1- 7 .if- 


%f thla time liady la right weO ahot ovt ;<- 
ftf o' food natara^ aharp and anell witha*. 
And MM ^owB at abi&d]« of a fa*. 

Jtoaf^a ^ Trf awara , p. IC 

(LE-KABBLE, n. A violent dbpute, 
altercation, Banffa.] 

To Kibblb-SIabbus, v. n. 1. To dispute, 
wrangle,.altercate, ibid. 

S. To be constantly finding fault in a fretful 
maoner, ibid.] 

[Kibblb-Kabblin, TparU pr. Used also as a 
a. and aa an adj. As an (uK. it implies con- 
tinoallj finding fault, fretful, ibid. 

mèèk g t Mk impUea oonfnaed talk ; KUMe-hoMe, 
aontead, aqgiy dieting, or frotfal ÌMlt-Aadi^g.] 


^i; : 


^LINa.t. A cudgel GalL '"JK&ftlm^, 

a rude stick or rung ; OalL EnqrcL 

Oael. enaitfdenotmaataffor polo. Batthia 
varied from what ia porhapa tho origin of KibbU* It 
ia probably a dimin. Irom Cbaef, Kwrii, èc, a pola^ a 
long ataff ; laL t^ baenlna, eylindma ; palanga 

[EIGH, Each, f . Dirt, filth, ordure, Cl/dea^ 

(To Rich, Each, v. n. To defecate ; gener- 
ally spoken of children, ibid.] 

[EiCHBir, EiCHiN, adj. Disgusting, dis- 
agreeable ; havinff a somewhat disagreeable 
temper; in the latter sense the term ia 
generally applied to children, Banffs.] 

,OCHE, $. Apparently q. kUehu^ the name 
given to a tkenen^ B. B. 

•• Hea ahaythit the iJcAa of the inland of the fofmid 
land in tha aiatroying^ l^yming» 4 away taking of th« 

caberia, traa» k thiuk [thatoh] of tho aaid AidU.' 
Abaid. Beg., V. 1^ p. 134, 135. 

EIGE, 9. 1. A novelty; or something 
covering vanity or singularity, S. Anew 
is often used in this sense. 

[2. A trick, a practical joke, Banffs., Clydes. 

3. In the plural, airs, ibid.] 

(To Eicx, V. tL 1. To show off, to walk with 
a vain, haughty air, Banffs. 

2. To play tricks, to teaze, Clydes. 

3. The parL pr. is used in the first sense as a 
#., Banffs. ; and in the second as an adj., 

EiCKT, adj. 1. Showy, gaudy, S., perhaps 
implying the idea of that vanity which 
one shews in valuing one's self on account 
of dress. 

Aold Meshenal b«aa the play. 
Clad in a bna-naw noddao 

And int. I wat, aha look'd fo' gay. 
And apraoa and ifeiely. 

Skwr^ P at au, p. m. 

2. High-minded, aiming at what is above one's 
station, S. 

[8. Pert, tricky, clever, Clydes.] 

Lanoaah. *'keeL to go pertly," aeema allied to Kidtp 
m aenaa 2. Bnt I have remarked an lal. tenn whion 
aaama to giro a mora natoml etymon than thnt for- 
merly mentioned. Thia ia keik'r, eractua animo at 
oorpora, HaldorMMi ; analogooa to I>an. kick, daring, 
haray, pert. O. Andr. mentiona ketk^-ut, ntrocanm 
aUtna lieetor. 

Thia mny perhapa be allied to lal. kiadb-r, andnz, 
animoaoa ; 8n.-0. kaeek, Qerm. kedk, id. ; nnleaa ab- 
breTinted from E. kkktkaw, darÌTed from Fr. qmeijm 
ckoèe, V. the tuff. 

EICE-DP, i. A tumult, an uproar, Roxb., 
Aberd.; from the vulgar phrase, to Uei tip 
a dust. 




1!bKn>,v.fli. 1. To tariàB^ to kid amtmgA§ 


[k. To tmàu jngaantf Banffs.] 

KlDDBTtj^oK. adj. In a state of pregoaiu^, 

TUi MgM iMB aOkd to JTici; M dmotiiig a norioM 
dyH ▼. Kiuno. Bat tbt torn thert iiMd MaoKi 
alhHrto ootttiia aa aOanoii to ooo who bM otolaii, 
•■dwiihMtoooBeoal»ft yoong gootinlierlApi Thn 
ii BOit vnhMj m word of graot aatiqnity ; and waaj 
to aBM to MoM^-O. giriOiM^ Stt.^. 9»«<, Akm. 9«ilH 
U. fiftf-w; «t«i; whenoe UL qwidog, pcMOBoa^ 
firilA^ VMtNB Im^ora. It aoomi, indMd, to havo a 
MHMB €ri|ùi with ry<i^ tho beUy. It hm, howeror, 
■luf Maiii i4 ■fllnilj ill llm TTiilih VotC.B.qfd' 
U tàf^ìAm ooii% oopiuon ; and ^ ooita% copwoi 

KiDDT, aJff. Wanton, Ang. V • Caioib. 

a&lpb. ''Xfil^oriolj. Joomdaa. Yi 

KIDy Kaid, Kxd, •• The loiue of sheep. 

' Hot la tto erown of it katkf ; 
kidt into thtir rimti, 

Afwar<; Wai$m'§ OA, iU. SL 

I of vwBlMt and ahMp AomIi^ 

Orilsirti to lodflb iMBMtt tiMDl^ 

'^HakoorM^tlìabippdboaoooTÌiuL" Agr. Svr. 

«toik| & S9i« 

aho SkMp iaidi m Cljdaadalo. 


Kov aoi I oan^ ooft of Udf to eoTM 10 oolda : 
am fcMidit, and cooehad in day. 

air Omomm nd air OdL, lit, 

doabtfol* whotfaor H aianifiaa aoqoaintanoi^ 
ittj. A.-8. fvO, j^^OlJ^ notitia; 

_ aaid, S. uat ono ia far 

mtmfJhumgkktUkamdkm. V. Km. 

XIDOIEy ad^. LoYindhr attached, Ayxs.; 
thosame with OngiSf Caidgt/^ q. v. 

[To SIE^ V. a. To detect, to catch in the 
aet, ShetL] 

ViXKDfpofLpa. Detected, discoyered, ibid. 

It ao«M a ooir. of hgtktà^ q. mado known. 

[KIEOEB, $• Stiffness in the neck, caused 
hj keeping it k»ig in one position, ShetL] 


V. fi. To strive in emulation.] 

Ts KIFFLE,«. n. To ooudb; when caused 
bjatickling sensation in tne throat, Bosb. 

KivtLByS. A troublesome or tickling cough, 

KmLm'-couoH, s. A slight cough, caused 
as abore^ ibid. 

■Mioly a Tariatioii of Kigkb^ vaad to 

KIOH, KiOBBR, KiOHLB, s. A short, tick- 
ling cough; a Idgh of a cough is sometimes 

To Kioa, KiOHBB, EiaBLB, v. n. To have 
a short, tickling cough, S. 

Gona. hekk-€ii^ taaatiOb Balg. Hdl-«% aalftalanb difi* 

EIOHEiTHEARTED, Eiccenhbartbd, 
adj. Fainthearted, chickenhearted, S. 

Tiiia, oapooialljr from the appoaraaoe whioli tho word 
has aasamod in B., might at firat aeam to to lormod 
from ÀàdfceJi. Bat it ia oertainlv from laL Sw. Hto-a» 
aabaidare, apiritam amittere ; verd. lad. 

To KIGHER, EiCKBR, v. n. To titter, to 
laugh in a restrained way, S. The usual 
phrase is, kighenn and lauchin^ as opposed 
to gawfin ana iauehxtu V. Gauf. 

Gorm. hdotr^ id. Toot tdcer-en^ howarar, ia ren- 
darad caohinnari, immodorate ridera ; Kilian. 

KiaHBB, EiCKEB, •• A restrained laugh, a 
titter, S. 

KDi, a term entering into the formation of 
many names of places in S. 

" Tto woid til ia tto aama with tto Oaolie word dU, 
Itto ooaaoaaat e^ ia tho Oaalio, being aonadod hard, 
jiko k ia Bngliah,) aignifTÌng a chorch-yaid. Soma 
mato thia word to ai^pu^ a hurying-plaoo ; tot tho 
Gaalio word lor thia la oacR. The word dtt ia, par- 
hapa, tto original of tho Bnjg^iih word ee/A which aig- 
wimaa tto cava, or litHa habitation of a raligiona par- 
•QB.** P. Kilmadock, Partto. Statist. Aoc., xz. 40. 

GatL dUianotonly randarady tto graya, bntachi^el, 
aoall; Stow. 

To EILGH (hard), v. n. 1. To throw up 
behind, applied to a horse, especially when 
tickled on the croup^ Boxb. 

t. To kUeh tm. A person^ seating himself on 
one end ox a board or form, when, by his 
weiffht, he suddenly raises up the other, is 
saia to make it kileh tp, ibid, 
lioat probably from tto T. lo ftft. 

KILCH, f. ''A side blow ; a catoh ; astroke 
got unawares ;^ Gall. EncycL 

Tranipnaad parfaapa from Tent, kiù t m , whioh aic- 
aiiiaa both adhaarare, (the idea anggeated bj eoteA, 
Belg. HtMfis bor), and " 

difltodta^ MUm diftealtar apiran, toritar atqao 

KCLCHES, s.pL The name given to the 
wide-mouthed trousers or pantaloons worn 
by male children, Stirling^., Upp. Clydes. 

Aa tiiia draaa immediatelj aoo c ee da tto kUi, it might 
aaam that tto name had been f onned from the latter 
term, aa if aoftened from kUt-ho$e. Tr, ehautae^ tow* 
«f«r» denoting braechea, may to tto origin of the laat 
qfOafalo. Bat I can acaroelj view it aa oompoaed 6om 
two toignagea. HauU dt chauM$e ia a Fr. phraae for 
faraeohaa t and cadtoukè for abort and cloae bieeohaa of 

irrr^lg, Ktle, #. A chance ; [pi. ilifif, the 
game of ninepins, called also roWt^ìie^ 
{gtoBu fowlU-powUef) in Ayrs.] 





lfe« ahtil iUp y o'tr br, 

I Biiik oat injiqf.— 
tlMj. •! il0 A looky 


WNSHS WOT* Hi«7a ■• ■■• • awNhJ M>M«y 

AliAthM«|llfh«rtedaafottaaabMiiiU _ 

praTMbial phniib i^yle aoOMi; an tqwl 

or OM good dMd for aaoilMr, 8. B. 

Ooltai, BOW oad gItoflM M> ofaovt, 

Tkb Mti^l iOMii to bo from Mi; q. a lucky throw at 

pÌMz batnllMraoorr. of Comì; q. ▼. oomotÌBioo 

. ML Cbli, ton, Dorbyi. io oertainly from this 

m. «*Itiikio€a(^togorOLGroia. 

(•«|«H^ tti* mmyn nyoht (11th May, 1496) in 

to^tho kiajg to play at^e kilu, nnriij a." 

, Vol L, 

. pb 27«, 
no Aiib waa a fairoorito fame IB the Waat of Soot- 
~ duimr fain, and waa ona of the amnaementa of 
aVyen. pron. Jbjtaam or Faamm.] 

KILL^ «. 1. A kiln, S. 

ha bear kaadlinf to the MB; 
Bat ioho atait aUapm a low. 
Wi^ n/ AmMmmmkij f^ Bona Fmm»^ pi HflL 

1W Si word Ml lotaina the A.-S. form of eylad^ 
an ahhtOT. of qiibiie, id. Xifl, howoTer, 
naed in O. E. t aa Sonmer rendera the 
hSL VihOmr Bat I do notobeenre 
A OBudo wiyiata term in A.-S. ; and am therefore in- 
altead to givo oonaiderable weight to what ia laid by 
Ihra oonoarning the 8a.<0. aynon. Kotlna, alao nnder 
JML HovHuAathat8a.^.i^ff-a»Bignifie8 to kindle 
n ir% ignem acoendere, abo written quiU'a ; and in 
Weat^tothland ifiU donotea dzy wood, ligna arìda^ 
fMO igaam cittoa airipiant. He Tiewa Lai coUmo^ or 
ttdkmt aa originally the aame with Sa.-0. koelna, a 
kihi s nliaaniiig, that thta term did not properly denote 
nkiiihin, or plaoe for oookin^, bat aoconiing to Nonina, 
pw UM8b n plao% nbi laigior ignia oolitar. 

0. & qfifn ajgnifiea asiln, or famaoe. Thia Owen 

to cmL need in the aame aenae. Bot he gÌTee aa 

«« — - . .« 

Hi primary 

What aaiioanda» incloaeB> or 

Under the word Xo( Ihre mentionaa phraae need by 
the aneiMit leelanden, which I would haTo quoted in 
iDnBlratÌBg the 8. phraae^ A catdd coai to biaw, had I 
obaMted It aooner. Thia ia Bretma at hMum hoittm, 
innandin penitoa deleie^ at nil aaperait praeter car- 
boMa ; OL l^yggr., 8. It eeema literally to aignify 
**tD bm to n eanid ooaL" V. Cavld ooal, onder 

S. Ths mr» urn/ire. A phrase used to denote 
guy great tnmnlt or oombnation, S. 

8. ToJSiM tk$ tUlf or kiln. To raise a combns- 
ikm, to kindle a flame. 

••ThOT parted after the Biahop had deeiied the Eari 
[Amlef to take care of an old and noble family, and 
toMBim, that hia oppoeing the elaoae, excepting the 
UMfa Sona and Bro&efa» had >mf CAe /CiW' Wod- 
fOW% Hiat.» ii. a06i 

•«Ho WM afterwards told by a Biahop^ That that had 
downright/red liW ZiIh.'* Sprat, Ibil, p. 216. 

The nhiaaa oontaina an aunaion to the anddennoM 
mieh • kiln* fUled with dry grain, ia kindled. 

** Tk§ kOm't man, tkM kUTi onMrt, 
na AOa't on/re, die'a a* la a lowe.' 

** Hi waa pliaaiil to iafonn me,— that the Hielanda 
waelaaa broken ontenrenr man o' them." Bob Boy, 

The aaoM idea ii alao thoa ei p r meed, Tkt iUn wot 

In o Mmbì^ & t i.0., evoi7 thi^g waa in a atato ol com* 

''Sao tbiB the Kb waa in a hUm again, and they 
bronght na a' thioe on wi* them to mak oa aa eramplo 
aath^oat** Tklea of my Landkicd, iii IS. 

4. To iet the kill on Jir€. 

—•" Confound him,' aaid Moatroaa,— 'ho hai con- 
trived tOMC tkèkUlomJlf aa faat aa I pat it ont.'" 

Lag. Montr. Talee, Sd Ser. ìt., 282. 

fb M Oe JTitt a4bi0, ie uaed in the aame aenaa, 8. 

"The Gaptain'a a ^ueer hand, and to apeak to hia 
about that or any thmg elae that cioeiee the maggot* 
wad U to §d ih€ kiU a4ew." Heart Mid Loth., hr. 

179, laa 

[KnxrBEODiN, «• The straw spread on a 
kiln floor on which the grain was laid; 
hence the phrase, ^as dry as kill-iod dw * 

KiLL-FUDDESL i. The apertnxe by which the 
f nel is pnt into the kiln, Meams. 

Thia ia diflerent from the JTiOo^J^ aa the HI^Addie, 
la in the interior part of the kUhgie, immediately form- 
ingthe mouth of the kilL 

kiddie may ÌM allied to Tout, eoed-en, TNtfd-en, akraw 
nutria q. the place by which the kiln ia fid or anp- 
^ed. UL /ifa-r, howoTer, iigniflea calor, heat ; and 
Gael /od, /eÀ(, a turf; a peat. 

KlLL-HUGOIE, ElLN-HOOIB, #. ShetL, the 
same with S. Killogie. 

KiLL-LOOiE, EjiLN-LOOiE, «• 
in a kiln ; also, the space before the flre* 
place, S. Belg. bog^ a hole. 

"Thia nisht he waa Uid in the kUn-iogie, baring 
Leonard Ledie— upon the one arm, and a atrong lim- 
mar, called M'Oriman on the other." Spalding'a 
T^ranblec^L Sa 

KiLLMAN, #• The man who has the charge 
of the kUl, S. 

" JTitfman, the man who attends to the kiln in a 
milL** OalLEnoycL 

Kill-meat, #. A perquisite or small pro- 
portion of the ihiUing or sheeUnffs of a mill* 
which falls, to the share of the under-mLler, 

EiLirSPENDiK, •• An old term for the fire 
of a kiln, Ang., from the great exptndiimre 
of fenL 

Kill-summers. V. Summers. 
To Kill, v. a. To kiln drj, S. 

"That the dauae^ tkoUng /re and water, by the re« 
oeived opinion of Lawyera, waa only to be underatood 
of come which were imported nngrinded, and Hffirf and 
milled within the boundia of the thirlage.** Fountain* 

Kill of a stack, #• The opening to that 
Tacnity which is left in a stack of com 
or hay, for the admission of air, in order to 
pieyent its being heated, Roxb. 

Pkobably from ita reaemblance to the opening in a 
kiln for drying grain. Taut. ibiW, howerer, aignifiaa 
fBivo^fodina,apeens; viewed aaafiied to Greek aetX-ei, 





in tmm. Belg. Kwl it 

If ftnpa «« A ImK mv«^ àiuk. Bit r Su.^. Info. 

i—,ipga— i TlMMltnMmwl»Itliiak,lM /iwwtd 

M oMM^te MM with Ir. and OmL d^ eeO; eeolt; 

KCLL-CO W» jw A matter of oonaeqaenoe, 

* iHÌoiis aftur ; «8, ** Ye needna mind, rm 

fan itft nao ne great tiU<ow ;^ Teviotd. 

. h irfwiiib WBtk ynhMf, to • Mow that m lofl^ 
to kaook down or Ktf fl 

ULLIGKif. 1. <« The flae of an anchor ;** 
GalLEnejcL This must denote the flolra. 

S. * The month of a pick-axe ;** ibid. 

IHM mOmfÈ to Id. httet^. eonruMn, adimoitM ; 

MliTiTB, #• 1. An inttmment of amuflement 
for children. A plank or beam is placed 
en a wall, so that one end projects a good 
wmj farther than the other. A child then 
places himself upon the long end, while 

* two cr three press down the short end, so 
astecansehimtomoontiBoxb. [InPerths^ 

S. An act of amnsement in this way, ibid. 

To KiTifiTi^ su a. To raise one aloft in the 
abore described, ibid. 

Knxiooup, «• A somersault, Roxb.; from 
iiIBi^ explained aboTe, and coupf a f alL 

**1laSfMM triad to koop Tiknt loMebaed o' yoar 
daMd^iurfov oia ha*; tiU yo gaa tbem a iiUI- 
kowBia of Bodabaek, L 28S. 
is OB U. t«n, whieh Memblai this in ita 
i; Xy0{(lol-r, ad fondom proatiataa. 

li i i jTiTKMAHOUi s. An uproar, a con- 
fnsion, Ettr. For. 



«• God. y. Kbbllino. 

KILLMOULIS, «w The name given in Boxb. 
to a hobfloblin represented as having no 
month. Me is oeklwated in smne old tradi- 

4ald JRftMnKi^ waaMnff tha oMnr, 

a & fmOL a MèUD. Tba lattar part of tiio daaig. 
to DO oiowImi^ 1.0.» witWNit a moath. 

KILLOOI^a. V.Loois. 

To EILLOOUE, e. n. To hold secret and 

dose conference together, as apparently 

kjing a plot ; synon. with Cognost^ Clydes. 

■■0 — o ^y a oorr. of tho oboolota E. ▼. lo 

otin ooad io tho aooao given aboTo. John- 

to viow thia V. aa fonnod from Lat. coUega. 

ùMm lalhar aaana to bo coUiff^ara, to bo con. 

L MUhfm wamjp howoror, bo ooir. from tho 

JL ▼. fa w a pf f , to^ whoadla^ to doooy with ' 

a ^^^^^a^^R^^^ea na^^^aa nasvna sn^e^a^^s^oapr^# 

[KILPACK, t. A smaU basket made of 
dockens or twigs, Shetl.} 

KILLR AVAGE, s. ExpL << a mob of dis- 
orderly persons ;^ OalL EncycL V. Oilra- 


EILLYLEEPY, s. The common Sandpiper* 
Tringa hypoleucos, Linn. Loth. 

EILLYVIE, $. A state of great alertness 
or excitement, West of S. 

«'8inoo thoy won on tho kUiywU to aao tho King, a 
pooad or two^ mora or Uaa, a htindrad yaan honoe, 
wonldnovorbonuoMd.** BL Mag., Sopt. 1S22; p. SIS. 

Fir. qid omw f Da qool parta otaa-TOoa I Dick Trar. 
FOriu^pa i^Qmiià mm, who Uvaa thora? 

EILLY-WIMPLE, s. A gewgaw, a ficti- 
tious ornament ; as, SKe has tfer mony Wly^ 
unmpleB in her Aiging ; she sinss with too 
many qnavers and a£Fected aecorations; 

EIL1£ARN0CE WUITTLK Acantohrsse 
used for a person of either sex who is already 
engaged or betrothed, Boxb. 

To KlliSH, e. a. To pnsh. Dnmf r. Hence, 

KiLSHi «• A pnsh, ibid. 

Parhuw of Walah origin ; C. B. eUgwA rigmfiaa a 
pnah, mgwik k m, to drivo book, to rapolaa. 

KELT, KsLTy 9. A loose dress, extending 
from the belly to the knee, in the form of 
a petticoat; worn in the Highlands by men, 
and in the Lowlands by very young boys, 
S. The Highlanders call this piece of dxess 
i^e filibeg. 

Tho foOowJng aoooont ia glvan of tho dreia of a High- 
had gentloman in tho Ilia of Skyo. 

"Ho wora a pair of brogna^ — ^Tartan hoao w2iioh 
oasM v^ onlv naar to hia knaaa, and left tham bara ;— 
a mnpla eamDlot kiU,^% black waiatooat, — a abort groan 
oloth coat bound with gold oord, — a yallowiah miahT 
wig;— a largo bloo bonnot with a gold thraad button. 
BoawoU'a Jooin., p. 183. 

Aft ba?a I wid thro' gtoni with choridog faet. 
Whan naitber plaid nor ktU ooa'd fond toe waat 

Aa tho Ooth. tarm danotea that part of tha gown 
which ta abova tha girdla, it daaanraa remark, that, 
among tha Highlandera, tho MU aeema to have been 
origiiudiT formed by folding and girding up the lower 
part of the mantle or plaid. 

It hM alao been written ifudt, 

**I1iooo among them who travel on fbot, and hoTo 
not attendanta to canry them over the wateca — vary it 
[the IVooaa] into the Qae^r, which ia a manner I am 
aboot to deacribe. 

—"A email part of tho plaid— ia aet in folda and 
girt round tho waiat to make of it a ahortpettiooati 
that raaohea half way down the thisb, and the leat 
ia brouflht over the ahouldera, and then faataned bo* 
fore, bttow tho neck, often with a foric, and aometimea 
with a bodkin, or abarpened piece of atiok." Letter* 
from a Qontleman in the N. of S., iL 184hS. 

Pennant aeema to apeak aa if hdi were a OaoL term,. 
V. iWb9§. Bat CkML ooeft ia aaod only ia a genetal 




it «ado«btodly Cktth. 

MM* Mr WMfiL Tm fmm » «ado«NMlT uoth. 
ftL-A Ml MottL k imiImiiI 4fo«fc daootias that wurk 
«f IhtfsWB awv* tiM flMlt whidi naad to be vary 

loya log owitMning or euryuig any 
iUagt III. iMLkiMa, mvm ▼«&• aatorior; O. 
Aadr.t pw 141. Xiolto oeewo indeed in the aenee of 
§nmimm, /HolfaAcn^elieUearry n^Aiiftotom; Iml, 
iLlL TiVeteLInd. Framthetenn-aeiiaedin the 
«BM0f eiMMorli^ is formed Sa.-0. Aott, pnetezta, 
wmiHB ***— ^"^ ; temloA; n ehild*e ooei. jBkmi mm 
mar 4 kUt, n oUld in ooeti, Le., ae ezpraaMd in 8. 
^% aliU ween » Itt;** or, «*he hM not got braeehee.** 
The tKM» howefir, in 8a.-0. end laL, ee denoting 
imuA hotom, eeame to hnTo bed only a slight tran- 
moo from ita prinùtÌTe aìffnifioatioo ; which, I appre- 
haad* ooenni in Moee-O. kdtkei. Tenter, ntema. (Am- 
imk In Wrtrfe, eonoipiea in ntero ; Lne., i.'31. Thia, 

ia the loot of A.-S. dU» E. dUfd. 

To KxLT, or Kilt Up^ v. o. 1. To tuck up, 
. to troM. A nfomui is said to tUi her eoaU^ 
when the tucki them up, S. 

hir aoholder baie,-* 
With wind waflbw her haiit lowiit of traoe, 
ddrt JUtttttfD hir baie knee. 

Jm ly yav ehia ehona yonr waiit, 
lad apafd yaw haina Mia in haiit 

Hew MO naa MImI aer raoaa of giean, 

▲ pieoe balov bar knee ; 
And a' the ttveJoM winter night 

Iha dMd eaipfoUowad ahu 

iUlMn'a A &i^, U. SO0L 

MMwv to gild, kaur cp^ ^pkitUer^ 8n.-0. 

MfkUim^ to trnaL to tnek np^ tnnieam anoeingeie ; 

Ikra^ The jgirdla whidi faatana up the elothea ia 

flaUad hUerSoMd, Henea^ aa woold aeem, the E. 

nhnaa^ fe fa In Mtor, to be leedy or prepared. On 

ftim word Sam. mentione O. 8w. ufMia ktma, colli- 

mnlier, qno paralior oinieiia obeandia fiat ; 

■thine Teriaunile eat hoo^ Ang. kelier, nanrpari 

do 00^ qnt eet in promptn. Herenderaviila/ia, 

T«8Ma anprn ventreaa colligBre. The affinity of the v. 

to Moaa^. WMai^ fwtatTii obricma. V.thea. 

S« To eleysto or lift vf aaythiiig quickly, 

Kakaa the thiwihSSb^p the cow, 


CtoiM da by hTfiaf them with itriim. 

She haa na pby'd wf ae eie praaka, 
Aa laiee se np jest wi' a bU*^ 
8yna «f a feiMBeeani let me fit', 
Aa many ana ane'a kUUi mjh. 
Qina eat them Ariily on their deapr 

(fiera auapb ArntM, p. 60L 

Ò. .lhkUiaw€fwff9hoiokiUciUo\ Tocany 
off qmcklj, Soath of S. ; apparently an 
. obliqno nae of the r. aa aigntf jnng to truss, 
at it ii said lo pack of wUh a thing. 

**Hera a elerer Idlow, indaed I mann UU awa* wi 
aa boanie haa la the mominA and another at night, 
leaa wadnn aarre himi bntif he doeenn Kft himaeU 
eai e* the oovntry. Fee Hft ym wi' a tow.'* Taleaof 
■nr laadhMd, latfler., L 941. 

MM the laat phiaee the t. ia erideatly need in 

KiLT, #• 1. The slope of a stone, especially 
in the erection of a staircase; a term iu 
masonry. Loth. Dan. kUie^ a taking in. 

S. Applied, in a fignratÌTe sense, to an nn* 
natoral or nngraoef nl elevation of the voice 
in mnsic. Loth. 

Kilted, wtrt adj. Dressed in a kilt, as dis- 
tingnbned from one who wears breeches, 


'*The ahepherd r eceived from the haadaof eooie 
HUed menial, hie goan and hie oahe." BUekw. Hag., 
Jnly 1820^ p. 975. 

KiLTiB, •• One who is dressed in 9l kUt ; 
Uso, one wearing a very short dress], 

KiLTiNO, «• The lap, or part of a woman's 
petticoat that is tacked np, S. 


8hehaagotnkidinher&ttNi9;'* 8. Prov. 
*'That ia, tte haa flot a baatard about her.— Women. 
iHien they go to won, tmrn np their pettiooata withn 
belt, and thie they caU their ifc&tia^." KeUy, p. 900. 

To KILT, V. a. 1. To overtnm, to upset, 

2. With prep. oV, to turn over rather by 
sleight than by strength ; as, ** See gin ye 
can kilt that stane oV." South of S. 

It ia aynon. with OoM, CaiU ifer ; apparently im- 
plying that the help of an amde ia taken in the ope- 

[3. To do a thing neatly, skilfully, Ayrs.] 

Kilt, «. 1. An overturn, the act of overturn- 
ing, ib. 

Aa the T. to KUi aignifiea "to lift np any thing 
^olekly," thia aeama mmely an oblique uae of it nearly 
m the aame aenee ; aa an^eating the idea of an object 
being aoddenly lifted np m the act of overtnmin^ 

2. The proper mode of management, Gall. ; 
[the best and neatest methra of working ; 
as, *^ Ye hae na got into the kilt o\ yet,** 

" JCtitt, proper method, right way.— We aay of aoch 
n one that ia not properlv np to hia trade, that he haa 
not the Hft of it, and of thoee who well nnderetand 
what they are doing, that they haTO the iift o't.** 
QalL EncyoL 

Maotaggart aeema dia p oaed to riew thia aa a eeoon- 
dary aenee of kiU, looae garment ; aa need in reganl 
to thoee who were^ or were not, of the eame clan. It 
would haTO been preferable, eurely, to have referred 
to the cognate e., eignifying to tuck up^ to tnua ; ae 
intimating that one waa eitner qualified to do a thing 
neatly, or the reverae. But it rather aeema allied to 
iCtft, aa aignifying to tarn n thing quickly over, by 
firat eetting it on ita end or on n comer. 

E[ilt-Raoc, t. That which lifts up the 
rack of a mill, Ang* V. KiU^ v. 




KILTEB»«» Appumitljr,. ehaer, entertem- 


BÌBn MBIW to MM WM Ml MT ttOBpi^ 

i« iM^ Villi bowrtitli hoM Md twMol'd pompt ; 
9nm «1 My fNr-hoan* hacìiMB ehsw'd mj cood, 
lb AAir pM Ml in AiMtrf mood. 

ft^ yqlf , pMgMatioa ; «TÌd«lly lh« mm* with B. 
Iter. V. Kiur« «i 

•«A.Bor.Aiter.inMt^oid«^o«MUllon.'> OLOiom. 

KILTIE.9. EzpL «a spawned salmonf 
OalL EnqrcL This most signif r, one that 
lias been spawning. V. Kkt.t, id. 

1. Keen, spirited^ Aberd^ Mearns. 

m'm dun we« b0tUr ftonr hMr, 
llwl Mm bulM witk Ike br^i of Ayr. 

IT. JtattuTf r«£v, pi 47. 

Sa Spmoey Aberd. 

U. H m \ à&Mitn ; Mmkm^ dMÌnr, iteiiòj, nibMn* 

W M gf ii p, jog— inT^otiyiM, HaJdoMoe. Egkymtt 

I ìm Hm nmdo^ lyM«^ lacieiiit joeui, hynHmkj !a- 

. tffmd ^ g^ ^ Joeiililn% O. Andr. The Utter ren- 

tÌM lìogiìtto ÌMBM in amors fàToofmbto mdm thjMi 

mm farwM. . It It proUbU, that ow adj. had been 

MÌ^Mlhr «pplMd to mart Joealarity. It it not UMd 

to ttaaaoaa of iMMtMÌDg or darinoB. 

r, KTMifOirD, 9. 1. A milk-pail,. 



S* ▲ lam shallow tab used in brew-houses ; 
Upp. Cljdes. 

8. A small tab, Angus. 

CM. WMMs *• a •kimiaar* a Mni of Hidk, a paa ;** 
ABVt 01 & CT P Maa, ''a largo woodon tmmI, a tub ; a 

liffowiag tab ;" Owen. 

maj poibapo bo Tirwod as a dimin. 
Both it uid Xtmnol donoto *' a powder- 
im^^A. Vorth.'* Oi 


S. 1. A gossip, v. CuMlf EB. 

9. Used as denoting a married woman, OalL 

•'XfMMcnagiida.wifo;'* OaU. EncycL 

To Ejmmsi^ V. a. 1. To gossip, or to meet 
for gossipinj^ South of & 

At IImm whM aold wItm klwuMr thiaag. 


Iimmim it mdom gliblT gang; 
aol MM IbM UdsllM bJig 

Aiànm to IUoom^ A, SeUts PMmj^ pi 81. 

S. To bring^forth a child, Lanarks. ; a ludic- 
mis term. 

1» Mll(l€r*€fly 

lUt mtoht seom to bo oorr. from Bolg. 
««to ba to ^ildbMriag.** SowoL Bot j[»eriiapo it is 
" M toom O. Vr. coMm«r-€r, *' to goonp it» to play 
fMiip^* Oolgr. I ao origiaallT donoting tho omio* 
gHMi to a woman in childbod ; m Cummer^ or 
Hcr, not only donotM a goodp to goneralt but to 
flioH. aMJdwifo. 

r, •• An entertainment at the birth 
«f a child, GslL 

•^JTiMawriMk tho fMoto at births. ThoMthoKim- 
■Mn^ or gado-wÌTss. bars to thoDiMlTM ; no man aro 
aDswsd topartako along with tham.** OaU EnoycL 

XE, «• A piece of anjr solid sub- 
stance; generally applied to food, Ban£Fs.] 

[KiMPLET, s. A small piece; dimin. of 
Kimple, ibid.] 

_ « 

[KiHPLOCK, KixPLAOK, s. A vexy large 
piece ; synon. tneeveloetf ibid.] 

KIN,s. Eind,S. 

It is Tarioasly oombmod, m olfcui, all kind of^ somo- 
tiniM rsdnndantly, aikm lyiu^ 8. B. stib Ha, snob kind* 
na km, no kind, mhai km (S. oorr. wkaUiH, Bndd.), 
what kind oi^ ony cm, any kud, ào. 

Tlis oompanio all haillslia, laist and basl, 

ThiaDg to the wall to drink, qahilk ran sonth wmI, 

Ihrow ont ana maid qohair a£ba flooria grew. 

Thair wm aa hops of marda till daayia, 
Thair WM aa mieht my friaad ba na Am wyia. 

iML.L 7L 

Tha TaoM o'ar, thay hala tha dooli 

Wi' drink o' a' Jam ktod ; 
Great fack nm hiipUn kana Uks foola. 

The crippla laad tha blind. 

FwriputmKfM FomUf IL 64. 

Tbaa, bwt any Ayiia reoiada 
Thir myia pwt tUa Lord to dada. 

ITyNlpMS tL 14 lia 

Folow to-til aiiocaMyuwB 

In any itona lyna down command. 

ikkL, viiL 1 aa 

It has bean olsewhers obMrrad that diminntÌTM ara 
fomadbv tho addition of 1^ V. tho latter JT. Bot it 
sosms to havo been rather OTvlooked, that not merely 
. k end ke ars nsed m marks of diminution, but ken, or 
ito. Thus wo haTO E. momiiUa, "a little man, a 
dwarf ;" whiefa Johns, erroneooaly derirM from man, 
and kUin, litUei '^toniMm, a UtUe lamb; jrinkm, a 
small earthen boiler ; kUderkm, a small barrel ;" which 
he atiU more atrangely dedncM from Belg. khuUkin, 
** a baby,** inatead oi deriTÌng it from the word of tho 
ssme form signifying a amall feMeL 

The Tent., indeed, powto ont the tme origin of thia 
tannination ; for it fro^nently oocnrs in thisiangnsge ; 
M m kinneken, narmm mentnm, a little chin, from 
kàme, mentam ; IkUiken, a little chest, from kiUe, ÒMtn ; 
knUeien, tagnnolnm, firom hitUe, tngnriom, ke., ke. 
Belg. kinddoen, a little child, from kind, ìàntU, a child. 
I am Mtisfied, that this diminntÌTe hM had ito orisin 
from kind, or the oognato tenna- in other dialeota, de- 
noting a child. Thua E. maaatHii ia merely a Aitd* 
man, i.o., a dwarf ; inndeken, a ddUL-tkild, or a little 
child ; a ìamhkin, a lamb m ito eariieat atage. This 
word, M denoting a child, most be ▼iewed m originally 
tho same with that which signifiM omiia or kmd, m 
well M with kin, kindred. Thn% A. -8. cyn or eynn 
signifiM not only Mmen, progenies, bnt cognatio, and 
also genns. 8a.-0. torn, anciently kyn, aignifiM 
neneratio, cognation and genua ; laL te^fn, ([enna, gena, 
familia, Ayaci, aobolM; Alem. eAimf, kind, mtnn, 
cAtmiie, kunni, filina, infana, pner ; semen, genus, 
familia. Germ, kind, prolaa, foetus animalis ; kunn, 
genus, generatio, cognatio; Mom-G. knn, guxoM, 

Nor ia it aurpriaing, that the same tonn ahould ori- 
ginalljr denoto children or rolationa, and kind. For 
what is kind, m predicated of any animal, but the 
olosenoM of ito relation to othen that posseM the same 
diatinguiahinff qualitiea, or to thoM that ara of one 
blood, originidly n>nin|[ from one atock ? Eyen m ex* 
tended to yegetablea, it denotM that afltoity which 
prooeeda from the aame aeed. Thua it ia aaid ; " Tho 
earth brought forth gram, herb yielding teed after hia 
kindt and the fruit-tree yielding frait after his Aiml, 




>^ A.-a Vol. 

mm the alBiii^ whioli «mi bt distiaetl j tnoad 
is aoiM laaguM or dialeefei^ w may rentue to 
mMtiadt thil autlio tarmi of this form, donotiog both 
nlitJOM by MiMd^ mid by Kad^ havo originated from 


• gigoore. Or. y499t, fng&mm, familia, 
aa op p oeod to epeam, iinom>crvdi#, genero, 

ÌTO of ganmatioo or birth. A.-S. cya ia 

Hidottbtòdlj from oeaa-aa, paimo, parturire; also 

I AaniL Mnd and ihma ara both f romjbemi-m, 

or ^^MjpMi^ '\/lyi^fwi, uMoor, gignor. At tha mme 
rS. 9, whidingiiifiM to begot^ auo ngnifies to know; 
bmidm tha Tnwd laeembumea b o t w aen yùroftM and 
ybmmatf y ly mmm, to know, it daeenrm oboervation, 
thai ona of iti obliqna Mniea ia ooeo earn aliqnar a 
onm of tha tarm hwm retained in K I need aearcely 
add. thai Lot. ^ouh^ aa it baa all the three wnaee of. 
khMredy oflqprin^ and kind, ia evidently fonned from 
tim obiolete «. ^m-e^ whence ffomi, id., I begot, and 
^fgno^ witaiiiiiw the eignifieation of tiie ancient verK 
. ÌL-8.eiRM^Id. Iia» Goth. Aws id. A.-S. eolfeyn, 
6o.«0. aUk^m ia umd preeiiely in the 
being lemleredt oa»ia generiai Ihrib TOb 

KlHBOT, Ktnbutb, •• The reparation to be 
nuuie for the sudden slanghter of a relative, 
hj the payment of a sum to the survivors. 

one of tiie prÌTÌhi^ demanded bv Maednff, 
r hia noble ezertiona in behalf of Malodm 


ia latnmior 

Oynmre t "Qnod ipee^ et onmm in poetermn de raa 
aognatìone^ pro eabitanea^et miprorim occieione, gau- 
~ rwt priviiMao * ' ~ 

^ _^ if i>i(^ nbi fleneroana ooeidene 

■dveBdo afgenti qoatnor mazoao aa KòAoi^ et Tema- 
oofau daodeoim maroae, remienonem piiwiariam •^rfwda 
Mprtuet.'' Fordnn Scotichron., Lib. t. e. 9. 

Xord Bailee hae obeenred, that Fordnn, hf nainff the 
SAULemiuii, ''that they ahoiild haTe the benefit of 
IfcDttiPa Law," plainly refen to an naage which exiated 
ia hia own timea : and that Buchanan, Lib. Tii., p. 
110^ mya thai thia law, oaqoa ad aetatem patrom 
qnamdin adUoet ex ea familia aaperfnit 

ameqnam, dnraTtt. Lord Hailea indeed con jectorea^ 
tantthia conld only have been a temporary prÌTÌlefle, 
aoatiamng to the tenth generation ; Annala, i. 4. But 
tibia oonjeetnre ie not aapported b^ proof. If Maodoif 
aakad thia nrÌTÌlege aa the reward of hie aenricee, it ia 
more probable tfaSfc he would 9JÙl it without heaitation. 
In jMrpetoom nrf memoiriam^ than that he ahoold re- 
■Inot it to a omtaitt nombw of pneratioaa. On the 
otiMT hand, if Maloolm mw no abaardity in granting 
■Mb a prÌTÌleffe for ten genenitiooa, he would peroeÌTe 
aa little in mudag it ooeral with the ezietence of Mae- 
dnffa poeteiity. If he granted it at all, it woold oer- 
liialy IM in the terma in which it waa demanded. 

Beaidm the eompenaation in money or gooda, 
ramired by tha kinored fA one who had been alain, 
(V. Cio), a aort of pablic penance waa, at leeat ocea- 
iioaally, demanded of thoee who had been concerned 
ia tha alanghter. We haTe an intereeting aocoont of 
tida oermaony ia one of oor old Acta. It reepect e the 
aLM|ditar of John the Brace of Airth, by William of 
Mantalth, of the Gana, Knyeht^ hia biothera AroUbald 
and Alexander, and kindred* 

'*II ia appointiti aggreit, èe., aaent the ded Tdeath] 
4 alaaohter of vmqiXile Johne the Broiaa, faider to 
tha anid Robert^ ft for amendia, JtyaOtile; k frendachip 
la ba ft ataad betniz the aaidia pmtiia in tymetoe a m, 
ia maaar aa folowia. In the firat, the aaid Archibald 
Maatath ft aa many peraonia aa ' ar now one lif , ft 
ia thia tonne [Edinborrh], that were oom- 
of tte aaid alaachter. aaU *«*>■«■ Twiadav the 

XX day of the aaid monathe now inatant com to tho 
mericat oorm of Bdtnbnrgh in thair Ivnin^ Piaen] 
olaithiiL with her Qiare] awardia in their handia, ft aak 
the aaid Robert ft hie fraodie forgeoance of the deth of 
the aaid Johne^ aa the manor ia yait tharof, ft to ramitt 
to thaim the rancoar of thair hartia ; ft aaU for the 
aanle of the eaid Johae eeik or ger aetk the fonr hod 
rprinoipal] pilgramage of ScoUaad, ft there aay meaa 
for the aanle : and farther, the aaid Robert the Broiaa 
aaU within xx daia nixt tooom enter ana preet to aigiia 
[aing] in the kirk of Arth for the apace of twa veria, 
the aaid Robert pmnd the taahall of hie fee, ft tha 
aaid Archibald of Menteth the tother half ; the qahilkia 
twa yeria beand peat, the eaid Rob*, aall ger aae preat 
eigne in the aamjrn kirk for the mid aanle.*'^ Act. Don. 
Cone, A. 1490, p. 153. 

Thia ia alao written kynbitU, 

'*That Walter Blare aall— pay to Robert of Carg>R 
— xxT merda, for the quhilk he ia bandin to the aaid 
Walter be ana obUgacionne ecfaewin — before the loidia 
for a kjfitbuie ;— aim for xx merkia that the aaid Robert 
paitto apreiat that aanfle for the man that waa alayne.'* 
Act. Dom. Cone, A. 1478, p. 9. 

The word ia eTÌdently from A.-S. cia, kindred, and 
oof, eompenaation. 

KINCHIN, #• A child in cant language. 

Thia ia one of the very few terma of thia deeerip- 
tion that can be traced. It ia nndoabtedly a corrup- 
tion of Belff. Hiuidbea, a little child, a diminatÌTe from 
kmd, achiEi. 

KiNcaiN-HORT, «• A jounff girl educated in 
thieving; a cant term. V. Orose's Class. 

"The timm are aair altered ainoe I wae a ktnehim 
mori,** Qay BCannerin^ ii. 97. 

JTMcAMi-morteiealeoexpL "beggara* children carried 
- at their mothen' beoka in aheeteY' Oroae. From kirn" 
chin, a child, and motif a woman, L9,f a female child. 

* KIND, «. Nature ; not their kind^ not belong- 
ing to them, or, not proper or natural for 
them. V. Kynd. 

" They took one of the town'e cohmra of Aberdeen, 
and gave it to the town of Aberbrothock*a aoldiera, be- 
eaoae they had none of their own, and whilk wm not 
tkehrkÌHd to carry." Spalding, i. 163. 

Thia aingnlar mode. of expreaaion ia an A.-S. idiom. 
For ^, propago, alao indolee, hae-a aimilar application, 
aa eignitying, oongmna, condimoa : Swjfle eye ay ; 
aicnt oongruum ait ; Leg. Inae & 8wa cyn woet ; nti 
condignum fait; Boet., 35. 4. Oteynd ia aynon., being 
need aa an adj. in the aenae of Jiataralia, natÌTaa. 

KiXDLiE, adj. Natural, kindred, of or belong- 
ing to kind. V. Etnd^ Etndlt. 

KiNDLiE, 9. A man is said to have a kindUe 
to a f arm, or possession, which his ancestors 
have held, and which he has himself long 
tenanted, S.O. 

Sixty or MTenty yeara ago, if one took a farm over 
the heed of another who wae aaid to have a kmdlk to 
it, it waa rackoned aa nnjaat aa if ha had been the rml 

Kindly Possession, Etkdlt Rowme. The 
land held in lease by a Kindly T&nanL V. 


— *'Hie kin and finenda of Claadiattan— began to 
call to mind how Jamm earl of Manny, thair maater. 




€ttl €f tiwir jfarfi^y jnrtiiiiiifffnn, wbilk 

€f Btti llMÌr pradMflMon mmI tiMjbad 

dstf, balfer tlMir iMthM Mnriot^ Mid 

fai IMr puioti^ lor Mymant of A grM*er dvty, 

€f flmvm and MtU pmoM, VBhabik to 

Iho iorl fhmr auMlor, m th^ ooold Iiato done, 

IhoM ftntlmMn wort biooght UmNigh 

to pool miotfyt" fto. Spoldug^i TkooUoo, 

«*«*HirUMMiwfitliMÌMof tho tbio ortolit ia Ihìi 

MMBl pirii«nont Imo itatoto tad ordoait, that ao 

liadH< fanhfnll, poiMOM>ar, toaaaat or ooeopyar of 

fli IIm Midi* kirk laadto be raoHmt fim thoir 

fOMMi^ rtoidiiHT or pin$6itioMn bo tho olloflttt 

or tokorio of l£o naiio ia buur tokkif," «0. 

Maiy, ten. OL is; Id. IMtt. 


Mme ginBn to those tenants whose ances- 
tofB havtt long resided on the same land, S. 

pooplo tbiak tbot tbo 001^ kaaeo gnated by 

ibtir looaio for aa aadotomiiaod opooo of 

Movidod tboir otm pud tbo roito), ia tborBOMm 

&o kJik-Uaoa tbroogboot tbo kiafdoei woro 

-"- tbo baok graqada^Keitb'a Hiat, p. 821. K. 

KnmKEBBfKTVDVES^B. Apparently the right 
ea whrch a man claimed to letun a farm 
in conseqnenoe of long possession; the same 

"——lb iMJa iiid ooaatddor tbo iafoftaaoat k eoafirm- 
tobopasl totboaaid oril of tbo aaidia laadk, 
or tbai paaa tbo aaaita to aio tbat tbo aaidia kyadlio 
lib bo aatiafoit for tbair isyndmet; aad qabilltbo 
bo doaoi diodiaiM'* to. Aota Ja. Vt, 1878» 

KIND OALLOWS. A name giren to the 
fital tiee at Crieff. 

"JTMfffBiio. IbopIlowaatCrioffwaaaoeallod, 
bMlv^wo kaov aot^It atood tiU witbia tbobat 
toiw iU joani aad waa Jocolarij Mid to bo sraotod hw 
Iko fufiiLrrtn aa tba pbuM 'wbore ber aaiaaoll'k 
IMmt aad notiior died, aad wbero aba bopod to dio 
ImmIL"* OL Aatiqoarj, liL 366. 
I oaa ooaoiivo ao raaioa for tbia aiagahr doaigaa- 
■alaM wo aboald aoppooo tbat tbo good peopb of 
diatsiol^ from a oaitoia dogroo of conacfioniBan^ 
~ aa frr aa poonblo to boapoak tbo faToor of tbia 
Hwid, m dio aaaio aiaaaor aa tboj wore woot to 
tboaiaehroa agaiaat iajanr frma fairioa aad 
\m Qidltflig tbon uooti MJokibiMn. 

•KINDNESS,*. The name given to a disease 
which preyailed in Scotlaim, A. 1580. 

«*Upaa tbo 26tb of Jaao, beiog Satardaj, botwizt 
I o'olook aflMBOOB aad Soaday'a aigbt tboreafter, 
bloir aa^ a Tobomoat tempeat of wiad, tbat it 
was tbo^gbl to bo tbo eaaao tbat a groat aiaa^ of tbo 
tohabilaatoof Ediabargb ooatraotod a atraagoaickaoM, 
vUob waa oaOod KùhEum: it foU oat ia tbo ooort aa 
wottaaaaadiy parta of tboooootry, ao tbat aooM peoolo 
wba wwo oo^aloat aad agod docoaaod Tory aaddflaJ j. 
ilooaftiaaod witb orotyoao tbat took it, tarao daja at 

Moyaa Moni»f ^ 4S* 
Ibo màf ooajoetaio I oaa form aa to 

appooia ao btdioroaa aa gÌToa to a diaeaae, ii» 
Hm* it maj bavo boea tbo ▼algar oorroptioa of tbo 
for a tamid ^0^— »"^i tfffB ia tbo tbroati 
Si i i im f)^ or poribapa ratbor of Rr. 


[^KING, $. The Lady-bird, an imect, 

KING oi* OANTL AND. Agameofchildim 
in which one of a company being chosen 
King o* Cantlandf and two goals appointed 
at a considerable distance from each othert 
all the rest endeavoured to run from the 
one goal to the other; and those whom the 
kinff can seize in their oonrse, so as to lay 
his nand upon their heads, (which operation 
is called trtnntJijr them), become his subjects, 
and assist him in catching the remainder, 
Dumf r. This play, in Koxb., is called 
Ein^M Covenanter. 

This game is in Oalloway denominated Kmf 
ana Queen o/CanUlon. ^ Two of the swift- 
est of the boys are placed between two 
dboiit. All the other boys stand in one of 
these doan$9 when the two fleet youths come 

Kimff amd f^tudm if OanUUm 
How Bumy mile to Babylon? 
'Six or MTOD, or a bog eight, 
T^ to wia tbaraby eandla-Ught' 

** Wbaa oat tbov raa ia bopoa to got to Babjloa* or 
tbo otbor dwm; imt aiaay m tbom got aot aoar tint 
ijaoo bofora tboy ara oaagbt by tbo maaora.** Qatt. 

A ooBJootara ia tbrowa oat, tbat tbia gaaw ooataiaa 
aa allaaioa to '*tho timo of tbo Cmaadea." Tbia ia 
fcaadod oa tbo aiaa t ioe of Babyloa. Canieba iafaad- 
làUy aap p ooed to bo cbaagod nom CaUdUm. 

Am Tont. iboal aignifiea aiargo^ ora, oould tbia pUy 
bo Bioaat to loproaoot tbo ooatontiooa aboat tbo />f- 
htUmhlt Landi oa tbo bordtr t Or, aa it ia tbo aaaio 
gaaio whicb ia otborwiae called King's CovemuUer^ abaU 
wo Tiow it aa a desi|;nation iavoated by tbo Torieai to 
lidieolo tbo eaa< wbicb thi&y aaeribod to tbo adbanato 
of tboCoYOoaat? 

[Ema-COLL-AWA*, «. The Lady bird ; 
as in the rhyme common in Meams. — 

King, King-Goll-Awa, 
Tak np yer wings an' floe awa.] 

[EING-COME-A-LAY, «. Agameplajred 
by boys ; two sets of boys, or sides, strive 
which can secure most prisoners for the 
king, ShetL] 

EING-CUP, «• The common species of 
Meadow ranunculus, Loth. 

"Sbo tboodit aba wad bo oftea tbinkiajg on tbo 
boany apota of torf, eao fa' of gowaaa aad Bag^wM, 
anioogtboCraiaatSt.Leoaarda.'* Hoart M. LdOl, 

EINGERVIE, f . A name given to a spades 
of Wrasse. 

**Tordi alia apooteo ; it ia oaOod by oar 
Soa-todorfta^ervie.*' Sibb. Fife, p. 128. 

EINGLE-EANGLE, «. Loud, confused, 
and ill-natured talk, Fife ; a reduplicative 
term formed from Canglef q. v. 




BZNTQ^ CLAVEB, «. MeUlot, an herb; 
Mtltlotas fiffldiidit, Limi^ tjnoa. WknUU- 

OUM «lMir, «r ol0««r, m bting * ^mìw ot AiloQ. 

dfawDy Bozb«» Loth* 

Om triw poMwrioe of th» middto of attrwl or Imm^ 
•■d «kUftfo«n to eoleh tliOM who croat otot withia 
• fÌTWi difftenoe ; aod Um oaplhro replioeo the oaptor* 
m Ib WUHè-Wtutk. **Kwrf» OavmuaUer^ ooom & y 
duo THitora^" is Um ory nuiao. 

lUi fHDo has hod itt oriffiiit it would mm, dori^g 
AIm wider ChorlM I. 

KINO'S CUSHION. A seat formed bjr two 
penoDSy each of whom grasps the wnst of 
Us kft hand with the right, while he lays 
bold of the right-wrist of his oompanion 
with his left .handy and vice versOf Loth. 

This is proporij a sort of pUy among ehndrtn. who 
whilo osRying ooo ia this BMuier, rapeot tho foUowiog 

load ms s pio to allek V my thomh^ 
Tb oBRj tio lady to LondoD towB, 

It l»t howofrn' / oflao osod as o sofastitato for o ohair 
la ooaTsyÌBff adoltporsoos horn ooo plaoo to anothor, 
SBBSsiilly man tnaim. In othar ooiuitiaa» aa io Fifo, 
lllBoslladQ«em*sCMUMHandQiiMiCAa«r; in Loth, 
also Col's oorrfa^ 

Ho [Ptetaoos] WM now moontad on the handa of 
taa riotarL olaapad 
fa oolbd in Sootland ttM JTii^s CmsIUmi.'' Haart M. 

two of tho riotan^ 

together ao aa to form whot 

Loth., L 188. 

KINO'S ELLWAND. The constelUtion 
properly called Orion's Oirdle, Boxb., 

••Toadortho Um^BOtwamd already begmi to boio 
tho hill ; ay. there's ana o' tho good knoba oat o' eight 
obwdy.* Mia of Man. L asf. 

KINO'S HOOD, Kino hood; $. 1. The 
aeoond of the four stomachs in ruminating 
animals; the SetìeuUan^ honey-comb or 
bomiety S., from its supposed resemblance 
toaome puckered head-dress formerly worn 

Sr persons of rank. [In Banffs., called 

S. It is nsed to denote the great gut, Oall. 

—Biiiht o'er the eteep he leans, 
WhiaBi «all-pleaiih'& iùi|hA«Nl folding needs. 

D9 m \ 4mm *9 dboMnc, p. IL 

lUs fa a Teal daaignation. KmiimghMkoofd^ Ton- 
trionU bahaK pots poatorior; Kilian. Thia UtanUy 
ifanillm, •«tho^ing% head." 

Tho omantom in Teat, fa ooQad Anyee; whioh hsa 
tho aaam ajgniflmtion, o ooif . 

KINO'S KEY'S. V.Kbts. 

^□NO'S LAND. Land which formerly 
belonged to the crown. In Orkney and 
Shetland, the King^s Land is now possessed 
by Lord Zetland.] 

KINO'S-WEATHER, g. Anamegirento 
the exhalations seen risine from the earth 
dating a warm day. Y. dummbb-oouts. 


To KINK, V. ft. 1. To Uboor for breath in 
a severe fit of cooghing; especially applied 
to a child in the chin-congh, who, anting 
the fit of coughing, seems almost entirely 
deprived of respiration, S. A^ Bar. 

Teat. Ifaifc-SN^ diiBcoltor spimrsi loritsr sSfao 
faaniter tnaeire ; eingaltire | Kuian. 

S. ''To Uugh immoderately, OL Sibb., 8. 
This properly conveys the idea of such a 
convulsive motion as threatens suffocation. 

y. KlHKHOeT. 

8. To puke ; an oblique sense of the term, as 
in the chin-cough, what is called the hmk 
often produces vomiting; Dumfr. 

Now, Oibby ooostaelookbehin', 

?rt' ejee wi' lUaneee blinkln, 

lb spot the wmlher hj the ein, 

Bat ** iwMi Mi stan' tot AtRfan 

BainbowB. that dar. 

AwMHsn's dbosiM^ pi IB 

g. 1. A violent fit of coughin|^ 
attended with suspension of breathinj^ S. 

Let othan eombine, 
'Gainst the plnm end the Une, 
We faiaa their Ikowne not a hbdL 

Manùam'à ÌV i bm^ pi SB 

Thfa sssns synon. with tho 8. phraas ossd ia a sistt« 
Isrssnse^ not a Aoii; or ooogh. 

2. A regular fit of the chin-cough, S. 

3. A convulsive fit of laughter, S. A. Bor. 
Y.the V. 

'*I gso a ahlant wi* my aa to Donald Bot Maophar- 
aon, and ho waa fo'n into a kùUt o* langhing." Brovafa 
of Bodabeeh, ii 24. 

4. A faint, a swoon, Ettr. For. 

—" With hfa ms died on the lights ho rolled 
and fainted.—* My maateis* it is nso for naothing that 
tho honeet man'e gane swot in o kimk; for, when I held 
ap tho bonnet, I eaw a dead man riding on o bono oloaa 
athfaaido."* Porifa of Man. i Sia III. 


To Cfaein as Kmt^ to go at once like one who 
goes off in a convulsive laugh, Ettr. For. 

*'Balt on bow, bachler, and brand, and stand lor 
Bfe^ limb, gear, and maidhood, or o'a gam$ fa as kimk,** 
Porifa of lun, iii. 208. 

KiNKHOST, «. 1. The hooping-cough, S. Lin- 

— Ofoiipas en with Ansleberriei ee thoa crowe sUp 

lbs KnUtkotL ths Gharbaele, and wonne in the cheÌkiL 

Jfonl^OMM^ VTolwn's OotL, ttL IB 

V. Clsks. 

Tho inhobitanto of Galloway hsTO a core whioh aaeaaa 
pocnKar to that dietrict. 

"JTenMoaer, tho ehin-ooogb. To oore thi% tho 
mothen pat their ohildren tiirooffh tho Aonpsrs of millsb 
when tboy fanmr it loaTsa them?* GalL EnoyoL 

The ohan||a of thfa word mto ekhn-comgh, & fa oaito 
ahaard, ae it oboearee both the eenee and tho ongin. 
It fa eridentiy tho eamo with Belg. Mnk-kotiL 

Tho term containe a deecription of thediseaao; being 

p. of Teat, kùèck'tm, diffiealtor spirare, and koeM, 

oa tha patMBt faboois lor broath ia tho fits of 





KilÌM, wM iM JndgHMiit tliaa 1m wuOy 

— if m Itm bomtmek-horm, a owUtii 

iMO I ift b««c Mid thai it toid* to mitinite 

M^ if Iht patiMil drink rat of » thaU of thii 

1W 6ii.4>. torn n KUoHa, fom Hfai-a, QMd 

. M tho ft. tkA; q«UB qwoptao nimio Tolrira 

[1. Met^lL, an utter di8giut» Baafls. 
a. A Mfero lois» ibid.] 

JU£i&, ju 1. A bend in the bole of • tree» 

f. In ft genenl aenae, a bending of unj kind, 
. ft twifti ft knot» ilnd. 

bo ori^faudlT tlM HMM Witt Xfiiidb, JTaicA, 
hotwiilordenWingfÌTratooiopo; Belg. 

[To KoTKy V. ft. To warp or twist; applied 
to wood| and to xopes when thej become 
twiatodv entanded, or knotted: part. pa. 

KbnoT, jmtC jm. When ropes» which haye 
been tbnùj twitted, are let loose, in conse- 
» of the snrinff jriven in nntwistingy 
are fonnea on different parts of them : 
I^Jr are then said to be JUiiì^; Fife. 

>9 «. A small barrel, a ke^ a 
kilderfciii| S* B. 

dowe Potoidt ^ lo t i wateiiai^ flMo to 
to tho kaiboor, plonden oboat 20 bor- 
ol poiidMr.'* G^olding*! Xkrabloi, u. 

I aei tofonDod. io to Aboidoon oqiii- 


oriffB ioToBt. hudeken, kinmkm^ 

omEL KiUoB nfen to E. ifylder* 

tho tKB QQgnaUy draotod tbo oi^th port 

li «nd to tlM nmo mboo. Jotoio. 
Bolft MntUtht, o Uhy, o littlo ohUd. 
lUoBoo. But tho idoo 

[KINEZNS^ 9. An evasive answer given to 
ft diild when over inquisitive : never a ken 
tm Jp is another f onn, Meams. V • Qunr- 
Qum^ and Kinktvx.] 

[KINKHOST. «. y. nnder Ennc, v.] 
KENKYNE^s. Kind^S. V.Ein. 

1W iod«plieotio« ooono osod for ompbona. Hun 
mm Ito Atoa oomm proporly to ■tonify, ^'oYoiy kynd 
poMiWi * nr «*imo0BiiUox'' imw Am hme, no 1h«*^ 
wbelMOf«i q. ovotj,— ^r a o^ lor t of kind. 

KINMEK^s. Arabbit»S. Y.CuNDro. 
KINBENT» Kth, s. Kindred. 

Oaoiriyf— f, dafrflod;flobiawfli tboortwf 

IfflOflw, ii. 196^ Ma 

j% or rakot AtofMl 

[KINBI^ Etnbik, #. Kingdom, Barbour, 
V. 168.] 

KINSCH, «. [Sne, cattle* stock of cattle.] 

TbO BUUI BIAJ Obleill tTIM O Stolfe 

Tbot nuttot oooBt In JWntA 

GR«rrifOMÌ AM|it 7Dl 

iMlMd of OÒIM0 Roniioy boo cM/y, Pror., fk. S7. 

Tbio woo oprovorbiol pbroao^ probobly oontoioiog oa 
oitorioM to oooio onoieiit eootom. 

Is OB odit. of TkB Cherrp and tAe She, BM)donuoed, 
fto.. ^ a D.. Abord., 1702; kbuek io oxpL *'cow-eot. 
fto.^ B«t wbotbor tbo woid i% or boo boon, notd m 
tbiooMoo» I know not. 

KINSGHy s. 1. The twist or doubling given 
to a cord or rope, hj means of a short stick 
passed througn it» in order to draw it 
tighter; a term used in packing goods, S. 

2. ''A cross rope capped about one stretched 
93xmg, and tightening it;" GL Surv. Moray. 

3. Used metaph. to denote "an advantage 
nnezpectedlj obtained;'' Ibid. 

Tbio io ondontly tbo Mmo with B. kenk, oMO-tonn. 
" KmUt» tm donbuagi in o coble or rope, wben it doeo 
not ran omootb wben it io bonded in or oat; oloo wb«i 
oniriopo mokeo tome,'* ftc PbiUipo. Sw. ikiol; id. 

Wo moj odd tbot tbere ore oerenl UL words wbicb 
oeem olliod ; keng^. ouTotoro* HiM-r, id., kma-ia, in- 
onrvoro. ^^Ameim^pearmmoaMniptoreoli^oeni. 
Tbi% oltboogb differinff m eenee, ii neorly oUied » 
ioond to onr pbroao« tolep iuiecAef. 

Tbo oiigm M probobly UL kmka, ortanm nodn% eon 
oztraBO ^boerm orticnli; G. Andr., p. 145; oo o 
kbuek beoro oonsideroble rasembUnoe to o knnekle or 
knnt. It moy indeed be lodicolly the eonio with Belg. 
mI^ o bend, o tnming. Door U em kenk in den kabS. 
Tboro io OB obetoolo m tbo woy ; literoUy, o twist m 
thocoblo. I om ot o bM to loy whether it bo olliod 
to KnUek, q. t. 

To KoreoHy V. a. V. the s. 1. To tiditen a 
rope by twisting it with a rack-pin, S. V . 

t. To cast a single knot on the end of a rope, 
of ameceof cToth»orofa web; atermcom- 
monlv used bv weavers. To ea$t a Unwh, 

To Kbp SjiroHJBS. A metaph. phrase, signify- 
ing to meet any particular exigence; to 
manage any thing aextrously, when the con- 
duct of one person ought to correspond to 
that of anotner, or when the act is exactly 
fitted to the peculiar circumstances ; as, 
I canna kep Unehei wC hua, Stirlings. 

Tbo p br o oe oeeoM bo r rowed from o work m wbicb 
two poTMMo ore enpged thot the one moy omiot the 
other ; oo, m pookmg o bole of goodoi or perfaopo in 

KoraoH-PiN , s. A pin or stick used in twist- 
ing the ropes whidi bind anything together 
to make than firmer, S.; Baek^ptn^ synon. 




KINSH, t» A kver, aiich u is used in 

ooinying stoiiesyoria nising theniyClydesi 

Boxb.; qrnon. i%wA» AmcA. 

lUi iHm bM praUbfy bad » a R origia. Aaft. 
frofli fkr. MP>€r, Lift. <tv-ore^ to lift 

Q^ to nam ; 
|wrii«fe AiMft aaj^ Im allM to «1011»«» to mim* tnoai- 
thrill MtdMngBifjivg to imÌM. Or it might b« traced 
to epmm f ^ mm pnm u M, eift m h wj fBO, compingere ; al* 
tfMiigb I HB diipowd to mhrejmt ameoa, a laTer 
b«Bg OMd Marljr aa a waaga. Thia in Ir. and OaaL 

[KINTRA, KiMTBT, 9. Coantiy, native 
land; Clvdes* Calf-amtrOf the place of 
one's natiTÌty.] 

EINTTE, «. The loof-troe, Fife; a term 
nsed by those who are of Highland descent. 
GaaL oHMm tiM haad« sad Ugke, gaaitÌTab <tf |ha 

KLOW^YTS^ M.pL 1. SÌII7 tattles, triHing 
disoonrse^ 'snch as to indicate a weak under- 
standings S. B. It nearly corresponds to 
Iiat* wwff fi fi 

t. Thinfls of a trÌTÌal nature, which become 
the sraject of such discourse, S. B. 

who oeeapÌM hia mind with aach 
«r aoavamtioo, ia eallad a-ibow- 

froai SL 0ewff aw §; which Skinnar 
^-^ 9^9^f» B"gM^ oir keawgas, aimniarra» 

fTo Ejow-Ow, v. II. To trifle either in dii 
course or in conduct, ibid.] 

KIP, 9. Haste, hurry, Ettr. For. 

This aaj ba alliad to U. Av^p-Oy raptara ; or Dia. 
y ^ p m to paa^ to kafw 

KTP, KiPP, «. 1. A sharp-pointed hill, 

**Tha Xto% ahova Hòm, ara remarfcablv ataep and 
MtoMbil]a> AiaatRNig. T. Notaa to Pannacnick'a 
Daaor. Twaadday p» SS* 

** I baa aas aooia o^ Scola qneya that are oatlyan. 
If I lat tha king^ aU wmod ower tLe hill, ru haa them 
toaaakfnathai^Mo'Kala.'' Perib of BCan, i. 261. 

** Whaa I aaw tha bit crookit moon oome itaalini 
ft tope of 
faOow li^t on tha hUia o* Meggat, I fand the very 

e'ar tha tapa of Bower-hope-Law, an' thraw her d 


aatora and the bJMTt within BM changed.*' Brownie of 

>• A hook, a jutting point, Ettr. For. . Those 
parts of a mountain which resemble round 
knobs, jutting out by the side of the cattle- 
path, are calfed Upptf Ayrs. 
•« Aaa lilill Uf"; Abard. Reg., A. 1S39, V. IS, pi 

UL A^pp-n rfgniftea ftatontitinm tod ; but in aenae 
Mr tana aeena BMia alliad to tepp^, tnmor, eztober- 
antia^ ^. a tamor oa a hilL C. B. e^^, a hill. 

KiPPis,*. A small hill, South of S. 

To KIP, 9. n. To be turned up at the 
points; ^oken of the horns of cattle. 

To Kip if>, if. a. To turn up ; as the side of 
a hat or bcmnet. A kipped vp noH^ a nose 
cocked up^ Boxb., Meams. 

Kip, è. A term denoting anything that b 
beaked. Y. KiPPBB. 

KiP-NBBBiT, adj. Synon. with KSp-moud^ 
Ettr. For. 

KiP-N06BD, adj. Having the nose turned 
up at the point, S.; having what is called 
in vulgar £. apiijr iiom. 

Kippn, KiPPiT, adj. A hppie cow^ a cow 
with horns turning upwards, ibid. 
liL iaqip-a f^iyft^ in faaoionloa oolligera. 

KEP, #• A cant term for a brothel, Clydes.* ^ 

It majt b o wofir , ba eonr. from Belg. htf"^ id. 

To KIP, v.a. To take the property of an- 
other by fraud or violence, jLoth. 

J',*'JEJMpt^0«or bentinfa. Baptna." Prompt. Fwr. 
0. & eip^um^ to anatd^ to take off snddanlj ; c^ 
' a indden anatch. 

Sa.-0. kipp-^ C. B. clpp^ to taka anything 

To KIP, «. n. To plav the truant ; a term 
used b^ scholars. Loth. This seems merely 
an obhque sense of the last v. 

KIPPAOE, 9. 1. The company sailing on 
board a diip, whether passengers or mari- 

"That tha proreat, bailliea, Ac., Toaia and oooiiddar 
diligentlia how mekiU fleacha may aenre enerie achip 
and thair kipipage for that preaent Teyage, and 9O0f0ìt{* 
ing to tha nowmar of tha bpna/jft ft cnm^anie appoint 
to enerie achip aa mony barrellia or puntionia [ponch- 
aona] aa for that preaent Teyage aall anfficiently aenra 
thama to the firat port thay arlraachtit to." Acta Ja. 
VL» 1S78, Ed. 1814, p. 104. Eqmippaige, Acto prin- 
ted, A. 1579. 

Kippa^ and Keippage ooonr in Abard. Beg. ; bat 
no hint ia gi^en aa to the connexion. 

Thia ia not from the E. word, which ii not oaed ia 
a aimilar aenae, bat from Fr. equipage tTtm navtrv^ 
*' BBoet properly, her marinere, and wiUdiera ;** Cotgr. 
La., thooe on board a Tceael. 

The oaa of thia tenn in oar recorda, aapedally aa 
azpL by tha Black Letter Acta, ahowa how kippage 
bad oomo to ba applied in tha aenae which it atul 
bean. Thia baa ondoabtedly been by an obli<|aa nao 
of the word in ita more flenenl senae ; aa denotmg the 
boatle or diaorder cauaM in a houae by the arrÌTal of 
aome penon of diatinotion with a great eqn^pagt of 

2. Disorder, confusion. One is said to be in 
a 9ad kippag€y when reduced to a disagree- 
able dilemma. Loth. 

''Weeenratha family wi' bread, and haaatUeawi' 
has ilka week^-onljr he waa in an nnoo kippoM^ when 
' we aent him a book inatead of the niok-atioka. '* Anti- 
qoary, L 321. •• TormoU," GL 

3. It often denotes the expression or symp- 
toms of a paroigrsm ckf rage. 




hMttolvHiM hm 

» I wiah h* m*7 b« 

THT flÌM OB kit MMlt bvOW AVt tWtllad 

k say alio bMT Ikit teme in IIm loQowiiig paitag*. 

^Oaaf dÌBBA jH tooimI iato m khapagtt na •zpoaa 

nriMoM tfit WW 111, or bdbio tM lCaiqiii% wlioii 

«i §Èm§ dowB ^yob— nii boil and wani io JMl that 

ii itanilÌBf bail and foor, aa lala and aa 
baa ja lafl Hb** Brida of Laauaaiinoor, ii 
jyaya paaaioo,''QL 
Hi ba bi aa laaa tfrnnat, to ba bidhl j flfffì 4 t ^ or 

KIFPEB, 9. 1. ThiB woid originally denot- 
ed itliiioa in the state of apawninff ; the 
tann being naed as synon. with rtiafisehe. 
Il ntains this sense» &L A* being appued to 
fool fish* 

I fad tbal tba tana Mmmt, aa oaad bjr fldionk pro- 
■arily iioBlii tba auOa flab, floatb of S., Annaiufala. 
lUa faol^lB «BfKVoafabla to tÌM idoa of tba torm beiiw 
toaa Tbat A^Rpcn^ to ipawa ; aa fom tba aet 

mSmm tas ÌMBalA ia A^mtmmm i t^^^^A ^ Sk^ddier. 

i ia aarignad lor tba firatof tboaa tanna. 
ia oaakad or tonad wp ; and I am anuod, by tboaa 
baifo vaid attwtton to tba aabjaot^ tbat araiy fnU- 
ra iaala aalnwa baa a baak. 
Memm r wmj tbaralora litanlly ùtpùh[. **m baakad 
ik* IQpbaaaanilar aanaa iaC v. Kip-Koaao. 
bL ifpr« ia to ooatraot Bat it lalbar aaama allied 
toOank Atfl^ IjpM OTmmitai^ oatwmitai^ prominantia 
OMaaaanuna vm. waobtaf* 

^^Oi aiaaabtar of lodda flab, or Kipper." Tit Acta 
Jik PT^ ISOIL Oi 71; Skanab MarraT. Ia tba ebaptar 
itaalL fwft^M ia tba 0BI7 pbiaaa naad. 
BkiBaar taiaka tbat tba Word danotaa yoangaalmoa 
pf t dariviag it Cram Bala. iHpp-ca, to batcb. Bat 
tUa ii aMat probamy tba origin, tba lam ia 
lolafad, ia tba aanaa wo baro gÌTon, than 
aad bj flkinnar. Toat. k^rp-emt aaeliidoro 
soat TiHaa. Kipp w ia tboaq. a apawnar. V. Bmxd 

, to tba fool atato aio aafit for aaa^ while 
fraab t tbagr ara aaoally oaiod and bang ap. Henoe 
tka wordt pnpariy daaioting a apawning fiah, baa been 
toaaahnod to oaa that ia aalted and dried. Indeed, 
thvaniftoat SootUndf-tba greataat part<of tboaa formerly 
' bgr tba ralgar at leaal^ wore fool fiah. 

■aa ia oonflzoMd bj tba aaa of the word 
tothoO. B. Law. 

w and 1^1 an J Salmona or 

_ laaon* being tqfptr Salmona, 

Ikowtà^ abedder Salmona, or abedder 

Aato H^ VIL, o. 2L Baatall'a Sto- 


nato wbieb it ia forbiddaa to km aalmon. 

ba takaa batwaaa Gra ^ aaend and 
Haahr apoa Tbaaiea fat Kipper time, rà., betwoea the 
/■aaalhw ^ tke Oroee <3 May) and the ^pqvAoay.*' 
Bod Pari, set Sdw. ICL, CoweL 

Ilha dariT. of kipper now generally aooepted ia, aa 
flvia aboif% Dateh, kippem, to batob or apawn i and 
Ito aaa of tbo tana ia fUly explained by the atotement 
fen kippeiod ij tba poorer elaaaea in 
V. Skeat'a Etym. Diet onder kqfper.] 
; tba mala flab ii ealled AqqMr, and the female. 
Ma or wiiaitr. oa tba Border. 
XiHMr ia alOl need ia the aama aeue byKwritara. 




a p a wn ln fl D e oomo very poor 
^i^ aad tiMa ara ealledlr^vcr.'' Fona. ioàL 

S. Sahnon salted, hong and dried, 8. 

Tbia ia aow tba gaaa r al aaaaa of the tana. Haaoa^ 

To KiPPBRySfA, To core them by means of 
salt and pepper^ and by hanging them np, 
in a split fonn, in the snn, or near a ftre, o. 


'Ibe kippering of aalmoa ia anooeaafoUy piae* 
tiaed in aevend piurta of tbia pariah.— It ia an error to 
aappoee, aa aome have ignorantly done^ that k ipp ered 
aaunon oMana oorruptod aalmon.^' P. KiUeam, StirL 
Statiat Aoo., ZTi. 122, 123. 

Altboaa;b now aalmon, in a proper atato, are often 
ì tìpp ered for domeatto oaeor aale ; tne writer aenna not 
to have known what waa the former praetioa. 

K1PPEB-NO8B9 i. A beaked or hooked nose, 
Ettr. Fon 

befora the 

mg kipper 

ahonlder." Perila^fMan. ii. 

*'Thia aoaaa woat oa— the friar 
flaoMb aad Tbm and Qtbbie, with their 
moeee, peeping over h ~ 


Tbia appUoation ia nnderatood to be b o no wod from 
what ia proDoriy called the ibipper or male aalmftn^ often 
eepedallV aoring the apawmng aeaaon, having Ida 
noae beaked down like a biid'a failL 

[KIPPER, 9. 1. A Urge bowl, a cog, BanfiFs. 

2. A large anantity of food, snch as bjrose, 
porridge, &c^ ibid.] 

[To KiPPBB, 9. a. To empty a cap or ooff ; 
to eat heartily. OeneraUy followed by 
prep, inio or tnfi., ibid.] 

KIPPING LYNE. A kind of fishing line. 

" /fern, ane long flaking lyne, moonted for dryraa, 
and three ikippiay lyaec.*' Itepred. on the Claa Camp- 


bell, p. 104. 

POrnaiMi from Tent k^ deeipala, aa denoting a 
for oatching fiah. Drywee may aianif y that the Gne 
meant for floating ; Teat tftya-ea, fiaotoara^ aapematara. 

KIPPLE, $. A rafter, Soxb. V. Couple. 

To KiPPLE lo, V. a. To fasten together, to 
conple, S. O. 

Ter bonny vanm, wf yar will, 

Hae bit my taito ezaetly ; 
Wbar rbima to Aime, wi* kaany akUl, 

Te hlppiU ie oompaetly. 

JSeim'e Poemt, 1788, p. 7ft. 

KiPPLE-FiT, s. The foot or lower part of a 
rafter, S. O. 

Iba dokan ben, when frM the kippU^i 
She bteeki bar tether, to the midden rint 
Wi' a her baida about her, fyUag frin 

To aerape for auakiL 

Aoaiofon e Smìmw, p^ 61 


KiPPLE-HOE, t. A straight piece of wood 
laid across the top of the couple or rafter, 
the top being coyered with feat so as to form 
the angle, &jh. V. How, Hou, «. 

[KIPPOCK, t. A small number of piltacks 
banded together, Shetl. IsL IdppOf a small 




KUtiOifp. LOhoerfuL 7b feoi Ur, to have 
• nule of aatiafaction oa the oountenanoe, 

**Kkrr^ Mjtliib ohMrfnl, kù, ; a p«BOo to iadinad 

li Mid to>A M^ ^r 0<^. BiMToL 


^irn^ cr tfM^Aoadbk. -^. Piak. Bntfiiiiy, ii. 330. 

obf m. 


of llorwaj. A. 1087, wm mniaiiMd 

G&nL Mr» kaeUUe^ mildt iwr^€M, ftirr moeAaii to 
to BStigite; IiL i^|fn% tnnqni]. 

S. Fond^ amoroiifi wanton, GhdL, Ayn., 

Oja a^ It >k IwèU. in faoopt 
Ite npt lia bnittUa alltr. Mr tad otMut, . 

liki 00«fei M' ttUM ftutlM frM A post 

Ampmhmi'# Amohiu pi SOL 

TImm k BO ovidiBMtlial tbatvm. in otiMrBorthira 
bai btcn BMd ia« bod 

8. Oomeqnential, Dnmfr..; aa, ^Ho looks as 
ijr aa a rabbit." . 


Ik' spphniUng bMit o* MOBj a unit 


0L& cdrl— t rffsito to ohifkb. 

KIRl^ EiBXS» «• 1. The tme catholic 
chnicli,inclnding all on earth who hold the 
fundainental doctrines of christianitj. 

•« It is «10 thiaf moiit loqaiatt^ tiiat tho tnio Kirk 
bodooofBod fim uo flhhie qrBOgogBM^'bo eloore ond 
ptifito BotM» koot wo boing dooM^d, raoeiTO mad im- 
MBOO^ to 0« awiB ooodaauiotkMui, tbo aoo for tho 

OMr." Sooti CÒBfoM. Foitb. i 1& 

**Tko Kirk of God k iwBeljnMO largolk tokin, for 

Ì tkwB tbot pfofwn thoovoBgillof Jowa Christ, and 
w it k a oompany and foUowabrp Bot onoly of tiio 
fod^r, bat ako of bypooritea pfofiniBg alwayk out- 
wanUj aao trao lali^on.** Sooood Bnik of Diio., o. L 

S« The chnrch inyisible, consisting of all who 
are tme belierers, to whatever societj they 
belong; or whether thej be in heaven or 
yet on earth. 

— •* 8a do wo maiat ooaatiBtfy bdooTo^ that from tbo 
bi|lBnJin tb«o baa bona, and bow ia, aad to tbo end 
of Ibo wwld aall bt^ aao Kirk, tbat k to say, aao com- 
paay and mnltitnda of man dioaan of God, who rightly 
wonbfo and imbfaoo him batraw faith in Chrkt Jaana, 

gBbilk Kirk k oatbdUkOb tbat ia, vnivaraal, baeauaa 
it OMitdBk tba aket of all am, of all raalmaa, nations 
lad toag w aa ; ont of tba qonilk Kirk thara k nouther 
Ifli^ aor otanaU faUcttio.— Tbk Kirk k inTkibla, 
kaawitt oaalk to God, qnha alaaa knawk whoma 
ko kao obooaa; aad oompfobaada ak waiU — tha 
daot that ba dopartad, oommonlk callad tha Kirk 
^pkumkamtg aad tbay tbat yit lira and f aeht aoainat 
iÌBBa aad aatbaa, m tall Uiro kanaftar.'* Soota 
Ooaf. of Mtk, o. 10. 

««Tko XM k takiB ia tkiao dillbioBt 

Utkar trnM it k takÌB for tko aodlio and oloet onlia. 


Diae.9 o. i, 1 1. 

8. A body of christians adhering to one doc- 
trinOf goremmenti and worship* 

'^Iko BOtio tbarafoffo of tho trao KiHt of God, wo 

and avow to ba, ilnt^ tbo traw 

praaebiagof tbo wordo of God.— floeandly, tbo rigkO 
adminktratka of tbo aaoramanta of Chnat Jaaoa.— 
laat. ooolaaiaatioal diaoipUaa nprightlio miniitrad, aa 
Qoddk wordo praaaribaa.— Wbaraaoovor than thir for- 
OMT BOtaa ara aaaaa, aad of ony tima oontinna^— -thara, 
witboat aU donbt, k tho traw Xtrft of Cairiat." Boots 
Goaf, of Faith, o. 18. 

4. The Ohurch of Scotland, as distinguished 
from other reformed churches^ or from that 
of Rome. 

•*W% boliavo with oor haartk,— that thk only ia 
tbo traw ohristtan faith and raU|non.«qiihilk k now^ 
raoaivad, baUavad aad dofandit l»y monia and anndxia 
aotafaa kifkk and raahnaa, bat ehkfly ba tha Kirke of 
SeoOamL^And finallia, wa dataat aU hk rain aUa- 
^oriaa, ritia, signaa^ and traditions bnmght in [La.» 
uto] tha kirk, without or againk tha word of God, and 
dootrino of thU traw reCormad Kirk" Ganaral Oonf. 
of Faith, A. 1S80; Donlop'a GolL, Oonf. u. 104, 106. ^ 

** Tharafora it ia, that in onr Kirk our miniatan tak 
pabliek 4 partioolar oxaminatioa of tha knaiHadga and 
ooBTaraatioa of aik aa ara to bo admittad to tha Tabla 
of tha Loid Jaaaa.** Soots Goaf, of Faith, a 23. 

**Tba 6 Aot PteL 1, Ac, daokraa tho-minktara off 
tho bkaaad orangaU, fto., and tba paopk that profaaaad 
Chzist aa ha was than oilBrad in tha avangeU, — ^to ba 
tha tnia aad bolio Kirk of Christ Jasos within thia 
raalma." Kational Cot., ▲. 1638. 

*' Tharafora it k tbat wo ilaa tha doctrina of tha Pa- 
0<itfoal Kbrk in BartkipatJonn of thair saoramonts.'* 
Soots Conf., o. 22. 

Tho lattar k also danominatad $ke Pope'$ Kirke. 

'* Aot 46, Ac. doa oondenma all baptkm oonforma to 
(A«Fo/ie'«XiHk,andthaidoUtriaoftha&Caaaa.'' Nat. 
Cot., «t sop., ColL of Conf., ii. 126. 

5. A particular congregation, assembling in 
one place for the worship of God, as dis- 
tinguished from the whole body of the 
church, S. 

"Tha miustar may appoint onto him a day whan 
tha whola Kirk con vanea togethar, that in prasanoa of 
.11 u *_*:*» k:. repantanca," &0. Fkst B. Dkc. 

all ha may 

"Brary aararal Kirk most provida for tbo pooro 
within itaalf.*' Ibid., o. 6. § 6. 

"lU. AssamUy, March 1471. Saas. 6, ordains aU 
aad snndria snparintandanta and oommtssionars to 
pknt JTirii^'' ao. Acta, ColL of Conf., iL 75a 

"Thara— k tha traw Kirk of Christ— Not that 
oniTorsall, of qohilk wa bava bafora spokan, bot par* 
ticnlar, sik as waa at Corintha% Gaktia, Ephasos, and 
otiier pUeaa, in qahilk tha ministria was planted bo 
Paoll, and wars of himself named tha Kirb of God ; 
and sik Kirkf, wa tha inhabitanta of tha realma of 

Scotland profeasis our aelfis to have in our cittais, 

townes, and pkoaa, reformed, for the doctrine taocht 
in our KirÌMt contained in tha writen worda of God," 
ke. Scots Conf., o. 18. 

Hence, in the Notea, tha Terston of the New Testa* 
mant then in iiae, k footed in the different pUeea,— 1 
Cor. i. 2, and 2 Cor. i. 2. " Unto the eongreifaqfon of 
God whych ia at Corinthos."— GaL i. 2. *• Unto tho 
commffoemnu of Galaoia.** Acta xz. 17. *' And from 
Mylaton he sent messengers to Ephesos, and callad tha 
alders of the eoHffregacffom.'* 

6. The term IRrk is frequently applied to 
ecclesiastical judicatories of different de- 

(1.) It sometimaa danotea thoaa who hold oodaaissti- 
oal oflloo in aay particular oongragationt odlaetivaly 

% t 




flt««4 fm MBlndiaiiaelioB from th« ooagrMilMn 

tgom all who ara onlj private Chriraaoa. 
Ilia w of tiba term b ooaval with our Nil 

**tWAr*cf Gad— iatekiaauB^yaMa for tinm thai 

iiaiBÌiitaal AnotiaB aaBoncia tha '^»iB Wf <MatiftH of 
thaTBioiiiii tha troth, Tha Kirke la thk laat 

aatrtaiaapowargiaBtithaCtodt acoocdaagto 
tha qahilk il aata a ptopar Jariadiotkm and aoToni* 
MBl^anniaiittothaoQaaifofftofthaholahirfc." Sao. 
Birih«fINBO;«a. 1« 

^Tha flfal hjada and aort of AaMmblia^ although 
thay ha witUa partieolar congregationa, jat thay 
anna tha powar, anthoritia aaa jnriadiction of tha 
Xkk with ■ratoall oooaanl^ and tiiarafora bair aom* 
^pMthaaaaaof fAeiTìrè.'* Sao. Balk of Dne., o. 7. 

riha q[ahilk day tha iTM ri.a., tha SoMioB] onlania 
tha aOav to wama botho tha ^Itfe JTtHfc, and alao tha 
JtokftahapnaaDtthaoaxtSattatday." Baik of tha 
A^ [or Saarioo] of Ganaogait, April 21, IMO. 

A. Itll^ JoM 18 aad iVtha Aold Swaion of Ca- 
■H^gato k laqonad to moat with tha Naw OB tha SOth ; 
Mid whas thnr aetoallTviaaL tha Minate Imdn thoa: 
•*SJ«Ml6iaL Tha qahilh dar tha SaMioa lanarit 
tha aa a w a ia of tha ^atfXfrJL'Ube. 

Tha p hiaaaobiar, ^aftl and .Yar KiHt, aicaillaa tha 

Haw BtMMoa ; aa tha langnaga rafara to tha 

than pfovailad ùTSUSng tha aaMÌoa 

b tha laaoid of tho Sewioa of Edinlraigh alioi tha 
phwaib Auld XML h aiad to diatingniA tha Sfaiion aa 
m waa ooBalilatod daring tha prMadtog year, with 

to tha aldara and daaoooa who bad 

to maka way for othara : and, on 

itooa, thay wareb at laaat 

aldaria and deaoonia of tha Por^ 

Kirkf an a greit nnmber of tha brathar of tha 

^ntfJCIri;,— -aftir loog lanoning had thairia, tha 

ofattcTMO ocmcliidai and dacamiiL** Ao« 

of thia praotioa ia obrioaa. It biing 

tttfit *'aUbriai ania Uwfnlly eaUit to tha 

% aaay not lahra it agun,** tha ebanip of pariana 

ahia^y BMaat that OBO part of them HU(dit ^reliefe 

fcaIaaaaBabla aDaoaL** Sao. Baik of Diac. 

_(S>) Tmm Smmow WMi origiaanj A 


lUiaaarof fonraortia. Foraitberarthay of 

XM» and oongre^^lioBa aaa or ma, or of a 

or of ana hail nauon, or of all and divaia 

Jcaaa Chriat.'* See. Baik Diaa., 

i paaanga qaoted from the Sea. Baik of 
a littlo aboYO, it would appear that tha 
^orffealar Airit, came to be applied to 
thay were tha eonrto wbidi imma- 
oodeaiaatical aatbority " within jMn^- 


obaarred, howarer, that tha phraae^ 
KMt^ waa not ao atrictly nndentoad aa 
or XirMSmrion in oar tima; aa tha latter 
onivefaaUy danotee tha offioa-bearera in one 

Oar refonnera did not maka 

batweea the pariieuiar kbrt in 

to a angle oongragation, and that which had 

oaanjght of aareral oonaregatioDa adjacent to each 

v; or in other worda, between a pariieuUnr elder* 

màip aad what wa now call a FreAyUfy, For they 

** whan wa apefik af tha aMera of tha paitioolar con* 
wa main not that arery particular parish 
r mav haia their awia pariiaUar Xiderickipe, 
to hmdwartb hot wa tlunk thrie or four, mae 
m fowv partiealar JTiria may hatre one common 
TMmaiihip to thma all, to Jodga their acclemaaticall 

oaaaea.— Tha power of thir paHtadtur MUenekip§, ia to 
diligent laoonn 

in the boundia eommittit to thair 
obarge,^that the Kirke be kepit in gnda ocdar," Aa. 
See Buik of Diac, o. 7, f 10» 11. 

Aa the Seerion of Edinbor^ ia often called lAe JTIr^ 
aa alao lAe ParUaUar Kirk, ae contrad iatiagniahad from 
tha General Amembly, denominated CAa Oemnrai or 
Umvermu Kirk, 

"Johnne Bft*Oall, Ac., gaiff in their aopplicacioaneo 
bafor tha Ifimater, eldvia A deaoonia ;— and tharefor 
waa content to reesaoe tha inioncttonea of ths Kirk, of 
the qnbilk the tennor foUowis." Baik Qen. Kirk. 

"Cryetiane Oliphant Tedow being ordanit be tha 
azaminouria of the qaarteria for tha tyma to camper 
thia day befoir ike parHeular kirk to anawar to aio 
thingia ao aald be inqayrit of her, quha oompariti'' Ac 

Tha oaid day tha haill bretharing (La., of tha Oena- 
rail Amemblav), being eonuenit in tha oaid tolbuith, 
the pariieuiar iirk being alao caUit and oompairand, Ao. 

Gonupeirit Masteris Johnna Spottiswod anpenntand 
[ant o2j Tiandiane, and Daoid Lyndiaar miniatar in 
Leyth, and John Brand minister of HalyTndhoua, aa 
ooounissionaria send from ike CfeneraU Kirk of thia 
rsalma, and offarit them reddia to adio^na with tha 
Miniateria, aldaria and deaoonia of Edmbu[rgh] for 
taking off tryall and cognesioan of sclandar,** Ac Ibid. 

The Semion of Edinburgh is aÌM aomatimea called 
the PoHicalar AeeembUe. 

«• Anent the mater of Bobert Onrlayia rapantanceb— 
the modificatiouna thairof being remittit be the Oenaral 
Kirk to the PartieMlar AseembtU of tho Ministerii^ 
oldaria and daacoais, thay all in ana ▼oce^" ftc Ibid. 

There waa a deviation from this phraseology in tha 
practice of Edinbursh, whether from a claim of au- 
periority aa being the metropolis, or from the fpnaX 
number of membera, does not appear. Aathemmiatam 
and eldera of tha different panAea bava atill formed 
one ooUactÌTa body, now «dled the Oenerai SeeeioHf 
tho name, Pariiewttr Kirk, seems gradually to bara 
gÌTon place to that of the OeneroL Kirk; and their 
record was hence called ihe Buik qf ike Oemerai Kirk. 
The designation, howcTcr, which they take to them* 
selTCs^ in this record, ia either that of ike Kirk, or ike 
Kirk qr Edinburgk. Thia altemataa with «'tha 
Miniatm% aldaria and deaoonia." 

(A) The term very often occura, aa by way of emi- 
nence denoting the General AssemUy of the Ghorohof 

•'Assembly, Aprils 1081, Sees. 9. Anent the Con- 
fession laitlia set lurth be the Kings Majeetiee prodn- 
mationa, and anbacribit be hie Heinea ; ike Kirk, in ana 
▼oyce, acknawledges the said Confession to be ana 
traw, chriatian, and fàithfull Confession," àc Coll. 
Conf., ii. 101. 

**For thir causes, ike Kirk presently assembUt, 

hes statute and ordainit^ that aU aic offendera sail be 
called hereafter, be the superintendents,— -to compeir 
before them in their synodal conventions." Act Am., 
1570-1. CoU. Conf., u. 754. 

Thia term ia used sa equivalent to AeeenMf, which 
ia aometimee conjoined with it aa explanatory. 

*' Tke Kirk and Aesembly preeent hes enjojpiiit and 
conclndit, that all ministers aad pastors within their 
bounds — ezecut the tenor of his Majesties prodama- 
tione." Acte Ass.. Oct. 1581, Sees. A 

"The General Assembly early received the name of 
tha Univereal Kirk ^ Scotland. Hence their records 
are denominated the Buik o/ ike Univermd Kirk qf 
Seoiland. At timea they take tha designation of ike 
kaill Kirk; although I hesitete, whether^ this ia not 
rather to be viewedaain aome instanofa re^udiag thair 
unanimity in tha deciaion, than tha anivacaal aathoriiy 
of tha assembly. 




llMniiOMpMnfibhow«f«; mIo Iht 
whMi IImto oan bt no doabt* 

-The nttinnill AammhOB, qghilk isgMMnnto«% 
ii ft bwfUl ooBvmtioa of tlM baUl Kirks of the nidm 
, whon it it uit andgfttborit lor tiM o omn w 
ùi tbo Kirk : and may be oallit tho noMall 
lipof thoAalBiTtHbwitbiatbeMliiM.^ Soe. 
Biik ol DÌM, 0. 7, f SI. 

«*AmbI tho mMwng of tbo qveen with <ko EmI 
Bolhwdl bo Adam oOfil a of Orkiiej. <A« Aoitf XM 
iodiib tka* ho traiifgreant tbo aet of tho Kirk in 
■nniac tho ditorcit adolteror. And tbarafora do- 
jpiyvoa aim fka all l^uctioaii of tho miniitrio ooii l brmo 
to tho tMor of tho aot maid tbaimpon, ay ftonhiU tho 
Kirii bo mtiafrit of tho wUmder committit oo him." 
Buk of UaiT. Kirk, Doo. 80b 1567. 

7. The Ohurcli viewed as established by Uw, 
or as legally coimected with the State, S. 

"« Dooiarii. that then 10 wk Tthor faeo tf Xlr^ WMT 
▼thor fboo of loligioaii, thoa ia proaontliob bo tho 
tooor of God, ootobliahit Within thia leahno. and 
that thair bo as Tthor tariadietioaa ooeleaiaafcioan ao- 
kaavladmt within thia malmo Tthor than thai qahilk 
» and aalbo within tho aamyaoiTiri.'' Aota Ja. VL, 
IST^ Ed. 1814 m. 138. 

— -'*Tho mowhig of tho National Covonanta and 
oalh of this Xirè and Am^ in Fobraaiy 1638^ waa 
■oat aooonaio." AmainUy, Ola^g. 8««., 96. 

— *'Th«o vaatokh nothing for onmning of hii 
Majartiaa inoompaiablo goodnaaa towaida na, bat that 
aQ tho SMmbora of thia Ktrkamd JTm^ia bo io^HMd 
in oao and thaaamo Oonfaaaion and Covonant witii God, 
with tho Ki^fli ifajoatiob and amongst oonol' 
Aol An., Idin., 1638. OolL Conf., ii US. 

8. A house appropriated for public wMship, 

*' Tho Boabo war Mointod to bo maid in Saaet Gyloi 
XM^aatfaatpioiohoingwaanoi^ootod.'* Knoz'aHirt., 
fi 187. 

** Wo ditm t and loftiao hia oanoniation of aMn*^ 
wanhipnag €f imagari% ralianoa, and orocia ; dodi« 
oalinri«lE«i^ altan^ Goa. Goaf. of Fkith, 

**T1m ptinaipall and maiat oommodioBa XMt to 
■land, and ba ropairit aalBoiontly ;— and tho athor 
KMrn^ oahiUL ar not fnnd naooaaar, may bo aafiarit to 
dooaj."^ Sao. Baik of Diao., 0. 12; i 8. 

9« The term had been used, in connection 
with another, at the time of onr Ref orma- 
tiooy to denote what is usnallj called a con- 
▼enticle» or private meeting of a religions 
socieij. - 

•«0f tto piiadpaQa of thaam that war knowao to 
bo m«i of gado oo n ro i ' ia tioaa aad honoat famo in tho 
jMf t^f^ WW ohoaan oldora and deaoona to raall 
with tho miaiatarfai tho jNiMi&eJriri.'* Oidonroftho 

of SkUria, fto. Kaoz'a Hiat, p. 267. 
A.-8. effr9$9 ofrk, oodaaiai tomplum, Sk-G. kifrta, 
Qonk kMit, id. Tha aiora gonocal opinion i% that 
Ihio baa baen focmad from Gr. Kvpuuc-m, A Tarioty of 
diftfontotymonaaramantionodbvlhra; aomoof them 
whimaioal onoagh. Bat nono of thomgoaa beyond that 
of SibK, that q/rc, teniplnm» ia '*firom being ahat ap 
aa ia a primm; Goth, terlor, ÌM, career ;**'~9n ety- 

indoad, aot a little aaitod to Uio 
in thia ago. 

To Kirk, «• a. To cany a person to church ; 
as to IM a bride, Ac, S. 

A bffido ia aaid to bo ibM, the firrt time aho goea to 
ohavDh after aha baa been aiarriod ; on whieh ooe aaioB 
aim ia aaaally a tt eaded bv aooM of the aiarriago-oom* 
paay. She atiU rotaioa the nanm of bridob among the 
▼algUptiUohehaabeoBatehareh. Tho aamo langnaea 
iaoaed withreapoottoawomanwhohaa beeninehila- 
bed. It ia oertainly highly proper, that ahob who baa 
been preaarred in the hoar of nor ootrow, ahcold, aa 
aooa aa aha ean do it without danger, go to the honae 
of God iojny thanka for her deliveranoe. Bat, in tho 
North of 9u at leaat, thia ia a matter of abeolato •oper- 
atition : and hence the oaatom, aa ia generally tiio etnct 
of aapentition, haa dwindled down into a mere an- 
meaning form. She» who haa been in diihlbed, it ia 
balioTed, cannot with propriety, before aha be kirtU, 
enter into the hoaao of her nearmt neighboar or moat 
intimato friend. Her anhallowod foot woold ozpoao 
tho teneme n t to aome miachance. Sobm carry thia ao 
far, that they woald not taate any food that aha had 
draaaed. Hence it ia evident, that aho ia aappoaed to 
raoeÌTo aome aort of poriftoation from the ehoreh. Bat 
it ia not rackoned-neoaamry, that aha ahoald bo praaa n t 
atanypartof dÌTÌttoaenrico. If aha aether foot within 
tho walla, it ia enoa^h. She may thea eater into any 
other hooae^ with ful aaaaianoe that the inhahitanto 
can fooaÌTO no iniary ; and withoat aenaple ratann to 
• her ordinary work in her own. 

A family ia alao aaid to be kMbU, tho ilrat time thor 
go to ehoreh after there haa been a f aneral in it. TiU 
then, it ia deemed inanapicioaa.for any of thorn to woifc 
at their ordinaij employment. 

Harry the Mmatral mentiona a i^yriyay^ WaUaee^ 
zi. 352; MB. 

TngliMiBea thoeht ho tok amr boondandly 
niaa be waa wont at oay tym befor : 
Thai haiff him taaa. pat him ia praaona aor, 
Oahat MMt he had to tall, thai mak raqaaat 
He aaid, it waa bot tiU a lyrftyn/oC 

Whan a brido goao to chareh the firat time after 
mairiaga, aa aho ia then aaid to bo kirkU, among tho 
lower naaaaa there ia ffBneralljra feast prepared for tho 
company that attenda nor, which they partake of after 
their retain. There ia aometimea alao an entertain- 
ment given to frienda, when a woman haa been at 
dinroh for the firat time after ohild-bearing. It ta an* 
certain, to which of theae Blind Harry alladea ; moat 
probably to tho ktter. 

Thia aeema to have been eallod KirbUe, O. B. For 
KirkkaUf aa need by Haidyng^ ia oertainly aa arrolaak 

— At hia MrMolf and parifloadoa, ftc 

CSbfoa^ VaL 188, b. 

y, the paaaagOb vo. Jozbit-bid. 

Thia ia the aamo with Sa.-G. lyrfapaaafyaoe^ hilaria 
ob beoedictiooem Saoerdotia aoceptem a paerpera. 
Duo ; q. the cUe, i.e., feaat or entertainment given after 
gamghtg to the kirk, 

[EiBK AM* Market. Publicly, evezywheret 
at all times. S.] 

Kirk and Mill. ** Ye may mat a Hrt and a 
miU 0%** a phrase very commonly nsed, to 
express the mdifference of the speaker as to 
the future use that may be made of the 
property of which he speaks, S. 

•• ir<a« a ATiii oimI a ira o/ if ; that iab make yoar 
beat of it." S. Prov.; KeUy, p. 252. 

Bat BOW at leaat, it ia not oaed in tho aamo aenae. 
It often ezpreaaea indifference bordering on contempt. 
"*^ '" it what yon will ; it ia of no oonaaqaenoo to 



"The Piop e rty ia my own oonqaeating; Mr. Keolivin, 
aad aaraiy I may aiog a kirk ami a mSl o*l an I like." 
Tho Sntml, i. 147. 



[10] KIR 

of tiMBovthnn 

BbaoM fàBjwMfnmmà fai 

imàtk mad a 

MthftifltMy ttoiijMliin M to the origfai 
It tnwld iMm, indeed, to hftTOot^pl. 

who tlMNubt manj thisun 
r IMi ormili< who had peiliape felt 
of both OfociHoBi. - One diffienlty oeenxo, 
ÌM whole phnee doee not eeem einaioehle 
iBdrndwO. For while the bniUfing of A 
to oa the p w rnj eto i; the o ppr — i oa 
of tfMBmiilloathet«ttn£ 

thbOumib. Aflortofplay. Thegu$$is 

M alttge ball which one partjr 
'to beat with dubs into a hole, while another 
MTtjr itihree to drive it away. When the 
Mil ia ìoàfgdd in the hole, tlie guuU is «aid 
to be iMai; Ang. 

■ifiee e aow, fi.. the gome amy heTO had 

fbr Ootgr. isfonM na that Fr. Irvfc, 

* " A oow, abo denotae a kind of 


adf» Applied to the boned 
dead, aa diatingnished from those who have 
a winery grave, ShetL 

èkèa^ e oheieh, aMafa^ to aiak, deaoend ; Toot. 

.^. K^ieh nealla the old eoatooi of buyiag 
wiOuB the ohwch.] 

KoKK-BSLL, jt. The bell which is ronff to 
anmmon tochnrchy the church-going beu, S. 

KxuMHmm, Kibx-duib, «• The door of a 
cwnrcn, 1% 

^TÈm aid Kiik ooMlodia and deoenia the aaidia 

Sa vpone Sonday nizt 

■» aft the olrt Hr* deirwia aaodoth,— hair bedit, 

to ataed ^^ihiU the prajrar aod apalme (tic) be 

thairaftir be broÌBht in to the pnbliot plaoe 

ef vapMftaeee to heir the aerBaound, and ef tir the aer> 

aoaed be eedit brocht ainne to the aaane kirk duir be 

Maof thealdariaof theKhh^onhairthai aaU atand 

leqeir the haiU bratherin^ tiiat lal happia to earn 

a fvth, to pmj for thame, that thai mycht 

It off thair Tekit offenoe and diaobedienoa^ and 

to thaaM thair aaid offeaoe.** Bnik Oen. 

''lbdontti^elllalirè-don^'' todoathingopanly 

aad enUnihinslya Ifanaihaw 

[Kbk-Osbedt, €idj. Having the habit of 
legolarlj attending church ; but generally 
vaed with the neflative» as, *^he*8 no very 
kue-ff^r Clydes^ Ban£F8^ Perths.] 

Knxnr, Knxnro, : The first appearance 
ef a Dewlj married conple at chnrch, S. 

^Om Snday oomaa the kMtUij. The bride and 

~ id by their omoe-bearen, aa alao 
of the viUase, walk to the kirk. 

in a bodT, and, after aerrioe^ the pa* 
■p in the kirk-yi 
Maf.. Nov.. 1818^ p. 414. 

lank np in the kirk-vard to lee theoi paaa.' 

adj. Of, or belonging to the 
dnuch; nsedsabst. 

A.-8. cyfa t— a af i l e i ' , a oh«oh«waidm 1 q^cnn 

KiBK-LADLB, 9. An instrument somewhat 
resembling a Isdfa, carried roond by the 
elders in enarches to collect volantazy of- 
ferings for the poor»or for other pions pur- 
poses, S* 


irirf Lmàdìm, the laddlaa or implenMnta eldara 

eaeinrwrtie kirtab— to gathar-lor the poor." QaU. 


KiRKLAiiD^s. Land belonging to the church, 

— •«Withannanaaia,ffleiba,MrUnMiik'*fte. Aeta 
Gha. L. Bd. 18K VoL V., 12S. 

KiBK-MAUTSB, «• 1. A doacou in the church, 
one who has the charge of ecclesiastical 
temnwalities. J^i-fiiaster, church-warden, 

ef JTMmm vaa depit Iba Clakai 

''Thaie waa no Kht maitter or deaoona, apj^ointad 
in the Farochin to raeaine the taration appointed." 
Aeta Ja. YL, 157^ 0. 64. 

They aaoa to have received thia name of aathority, 
aa bang ehoaan ''to tax their nichtbooria, — ^for the 
bimm^ landing and raparation of Paroche kirka.** 

2. It was also used to denote a deacon of any 
incorporated trade. 

•*CoBpairad^-in the tolboith of the aaid boigh. the 
Kiri MatUTf and brether of the Soigeona and BartMHria 
within the aaoML" Ae.— ''Tour dayly aarriton the 
KMt MatUr ana biether of the aorgeonaa'' ào. A. 
150S— Bine Blanket, p. OS; S3. 

** Deacon, or chief maater of tiie incorporation," N. 

It ia evident that thia ia n aacondary and improper 
wof thetenn. 

Tent. kve-maaUr^ aeditova tempU coatoa et tampli 

Kilian ; a ohnrek- 

KiRK-MAK, «• 1. One who has an ecclesiasti- 
cal function, or an office in the church, S. 

" It ia agreed, Ac, that if ony Biachopis, Abotia^ 
or ony nthar Kirkimm, aaU plaint or alledgo thame to 
have raceaved ony injnriea, — the plaint aalTbe aein and 
ijonaiddafed be the eataita in the aaid conventioon and 
parliaman^'* Aa. Artiklia agreed on by the B. of 
VaUanea^ Ae. A. IfiSO^ Knox? Htat, p. 233. 

*' Thereby the Five Articlea of Perth, and the sovem- 
ment of tihie Kirk by Biahopa, being declared to be 
abjored and removed, and the civil macn and powera 
of Kti Ian a declared to be nnlawfol; we anbacrive 
aoooffdingto the determination of the aaid free and 
lawful Oeneral Aaaembly holden at Glaegow." Act 
Aaaambly, A. 1638, CoU. Cont, u. 115. 

2. A member of the Church of Scotland, as 
contradistinguished from one who b united 
to some other religious society, S. 

*'Mareover, itaaU not be lefnll to pat the officee of 
Theaanria^ OontroUerie, into the handa of ony ittri^ 
man, or nthera qnhilkia are not abell to ezeroae the 
aaida ofioaa." boz'e Hiat., p. 231, 232. 

KiBK-MOUSBi •• A mouse that is so unfor- 
tunate as to be the tenant of a church ; a 




^tsnn whidi ooeun in m Pinov. commonly 
mad to oonvej the idea of the greatest 
povertjr, ** Fm as pnir^s a kirh^nome^ S. 

KiRX-SBMT, #• The rent arising from 

^ÀM lor th« IMfiMto in ^^^nmnXL. m% dame that 
mam bn admitlit and nMntaimt amangis oa, taat may 
■taad with tba aiaoeritie of Qod'a woid," fto. Sao. 
Bulk of Diao. 0. si, 1 12. 

KiRKBBTTy Ktbksbt, «• A term occurring in 
Tarions forma in our ancient MSS. Ap* 
parenthr it implies exemption for one year 
from chorch tithes, &c« 

At tel Tiaw oaa might ba diapoaed to oooaidar 
tUa aa a aaodiftcation, or a oomiptioo, of Htesctt, 
^ ▼. Bat liom aay idaa that I iiava baaa aUa to 
tmm oa tha aabjaet, I am mi^h inclinad to think 
that SffrmU ia itmlf tha oormption, from tha arror 
of aooM oopjiat who had miatakao JTfor ff ; and abo, 
llMt aa Skaaa had moat probably aaan it in no othar 
ÌRffm, ha had baan thna led to miaapprahend ita ais* 
Bifloatioti. L la ten different axamplaa, with which 
I hava bean ftuniahad hy tha kindnaea of my laamad 
fHaad, Thomaa Thomaon, Eaq., Deputy Clerk Aeoiatar, 
it ia lonnd onfy twioa with tiia mitial H; and both 
tbaaa ooeor ia one MS., that of Monynet i-^NvreseUf 
sad Hf nm i . In othem. it appeara in the Taried forma 
of Xlrtea; Xyrbe^ Kfrmt^ Carsit, Ker$et, KenHh^ 
MMbmi^ KjfrmU. 2: In an okl MS. of the L%. Baig. 
ia Lat., tha work which Skene himaelf publiahed, and 
whioh haaftarwaida tranaUted, where he writaa Wnei, 
it ia JTarsMtt. 

Qniovnqaa faetoa fnarit novna boigenaia da terra 
▼aata, at nnllam tarram haboerit hoepitatem, in primo 
aaaojpotaat habere KirktU. Dmmmond MS. 

SL Ihara aaama reaaon to anapect that Skene haa 
miBtakaa tha meaning of the term. — "He may have 
wapit» or oontinnation for payment of hie barrow 
■auaa lor ana yeai^ quhilk ia called kvrteU/* In 
aiplaininy HfntU, I Imva nnderatood Skene aa ap- 
mmg thu word to *'the payment of borrow maila 
loroaa year." It ia poaaible, boweTer, that hia mean- 
ing m^ that tha raapite ia called hyiytU, It would ap> 
pear, indaed, that thia, whatever it aignify, denotaa 
tha pnmaminn of a privilege. In one MS. it ia thua 
aapraaaed; Foteat habere rttqiechiaihnem que dicitnr 
Ifroaef. IfS. Jae. Y., a 13. In another ; De novo 
bnifenaa kbrèmi habaata. In primo anno poteat ha- 
bare i^yraac vol em^et, id eat teriam anam inhoapi- 
titam MS. Ooaaarty, o. 29. 

Ia tha fiiat of t h ea e, it ia evidenti|y mentioned aa 
aqaivalant to ruoU^ La., raapite. The aenaa of the 
aaeond ia more obecnre. In a third MS. it ia again 
aahibitad aa a privilege or exemption. — " Of khi set 
and waiat land not bi^t. Oif ony man be maid new 
bai;^M of waiat lande» and baf kirk §èi, and haa na land 
biggit. In tha lirat yer he may haf that kirk aet, and 
a£r that yor he aaU big that Undo," Ao. Auchinl. 
M& Adv. lib., W. 4. nit. fo. v. 134. 

It eannot well ba doobted, that it ia the aame with 
tha term Chmwdk$9fi, Chtrmi^ or Cure§eei^ in the O. E. 
kw, modified from A. -S. cwrie-sceat, "eccleaiae cenaua, 
ipoeligal aoclaaiaatienm ; chnrch-acot ; a certain tribute 
or payment made to the church.** Somnar. Thia 
lagotohoa writaa KirkseL othara Cirieeat, It ia agreed 
aa all haada» that thia denoted a revenue due to the 
«hvidi» Ln^ tha tithea, aa Lambard explaina it. Some 
▼iaw it aa componnded of cyrie and naed, wmen, q. the 
aaed or ficat-frnite to ba offered to the church : othera, 
with grea te r probability, of qfrie and aoeoi; vectigal, 
ia amdaca B. iSsofi 

What, thaa, ia tha aenae of tha term, aa need in onr 
old lawaf Tha only idaa I can form ia, that the penon 
who noaaeaaed waate or nninhabitad property, mi|[ht for 
tha firat vear ba permitted Aoòera ktrkakt to retam the 
oanal titnaa, or be exempted from that contribution to 
the ohuroh whidi woula have been claimed, had the 
land been ina better atata ; with thia proviao, that he 
ahonld build upon it and oultivata it the next year. 
V. Spehnan, Lambard, Deo. Script, Cowel, Du Gauge, 
Roquefort, vo. iTyrie-aNrt, &o. 

KiBK-BKAiLiNO» «• The dispersion of those 
who have been engaged in pnblic worship at 
chnrch, S. 

*' When tha aervioe ia over at any partioular place 
of worahip-Hfor which moment the Scotch have in 
their language aa appropriate and pictureeque term, 
the Hrk-dnUimgy-^iSbio ruah ia, of conree, atill mora, 
huge and impataooa.** Peter'a Lettera, iii. 205. I 

E1RK-8TYLE9 9. 1. The gate of the inclosure 
around a church, S. 

"Ther waa no money gathered att tha tabaUa, both 
(hot?] at tha kirke ti^le and at the doore, and at tha k. 
doore onlie aftamone.'* Lamont'a Diary, p. 47. 

2. The steps in the wall of a church-yard hy 
which persons pass over, S. 

**Kirk^es^ the atepping-atonea people walk over 
church-yard dykea on.*' QalL BnoycL 

K1RK-6UPPER, i. The entertainment after a 
newly married pair have been Idriedf Ghil- 

"Tha applauae at a country wedding, at a Kim 
dancings at a Kirk-mtpper after a bridal, eatiafied tha 
baid'a vanity.'* Introd. to Bam. of Nithad. Song, 

KiRK-TOWN, f . A village or hamlet in which 
the parish church is erected, S. synon. with 

" Often, during the daya in which he letauraly wan- 
dered through the paatoru country, would he diamount 
on reaching a remote Kirk4oum, and gaae with eoft 
complacency on the houae of God, and the laat dwelling 
of man." Clan Albin, ii. 247. 

KiRK-WERK, #. The reparation of churches. 

*' At na drink ailuer be tane be the maiater nor hia 
doaria vnder pain aboue writtin, a<a tone [tun] fraucht 
to the kirk wtrk of the toune." ParL Ja. UL, A. 1467, 
Acta Ed. 1814, p. 87. 

Tent, kerek-wtrck, opua aolidum at fizmnm : quala 
adet eaae templorum ; ICilian. 

EiRK-TARD, 9. The church-yard, S. 


They took up the town of Turi^ and placed thoir 
muaketa very advantageoualy about the dykee of tha 
kirk-^ard." Spalding, L 107. 

** She waa to ba froien to death — and lie there tiU 
the thaw might come ; and then her father would find 
her body, and carrv it away to be buried in the kirk- 
yanf.*' Lighta ana Shadowa, p. 117. 

It ia need by Ben Jonaon, in hia Sad Shepherd^ aa a 
word oommon in the north of E. 

—Onr dame Hacat 
Made it her gaing-night, over the Hdb-fiartf. 

v. BvaiWAKD. 





To KDtNt 9.0. 1. To chum milk. Si 

Vor iM SM Mir Om ttHllf fodMrlfe Mtt 
HvìiMW Mns or Mm tk« daÌBtj chMac 

t. To toM luther and thither, to throw any 
timg into a diaoideriv state, to mix in a 
diigaeting manner, to handle over much, S. 

^tera Im^TEu^ Teat, kem^em^ S11.-G. 

a derived Irrb ottms which hmv a 

ilif« lorm ; A.-S. qfr-oa. G«niwJfce4r-€ii» Ter- 

•ip-l«. WhM I. «l«nù^^ but 

[To KoDi, 9. fi. To work at or mth any 
tUng in an aifkward or dÌBgnsting way : 
part. pr. Umbff ktman^ naed ako as a #• and 
as an aif. ; as an adj» it implies awkward, 
uskOfol,' Banff s«] 

Knv; «• 1. A chnm, S. tem^ A. Bor. 

Mhi IfiiiHw, IB hm vMfal work mmnt for tho 

of tho yiMMMiilij, introdooM, on thit mb- 

w nmitilio e, wUeh it diroetly at war 

** *Bal do joa aol oìmn tho ohwfn before ye pat in 
f— «Ka, iiii»*i«tuBed Mn BfeeCUrty, 'that 
■0^ bo ooaaj, je kMk Naobod^ hereaboate would 
i their kbm for obt ooneidoration. I never heard 
S^ iio a thiag f mj link— I ne'er kend gnde oome o' 
fMto a' a^ days, neio wae Tib)^ BeU at the 
I €^ tho CUeOp aho feU to deaniog her iini ae day, 
tho ^«y flnt kimii^ after, her batter waa burstet, 
ando nr naothina.— Twa or three bain are better 
ko' an iff 00.'" Cottegen of Olonbamie, 

ttooaltothoHni/' & Pror. 

leaia'd, bat not eo eoon for- 


fu iDi, asu sn: 


vMuid. 80.-0. AerMk 

S« Metaph. ^»plied to a mire, a disgusting 
BÌztnrQ^ S. ^The ground's a mere Inm.^ 

p. The act of handling oyer much, over-nur- 

4. The act of doing any kind of work in an 
awkward, hoy, or disgusting manner, ibid.] 

$• Buttennllk, 8. Yorks, 

**>— Thai iMad grit oheir of ca^rie eort of mylk bavtht 
«f ky mylk 4 yono mylk, aoeit. mylk 4 eoor mylk,— 
i^oiftt." OompLa, p.fiS. 


id. y . Knui, o. 

Knui-BDHGy KiBNAK-RUKO, s. The instru- 
ment employed for stirring the milk in a 
dmnif S* 0« 

Hn yo pliaee oor John and ne, 
fee gt the k in u m rwma 
Tli llBk, thia day. 

it WSmm*9 ^Mi, 1790, p. 60. 

KiBH-eTAFP, 9. The same with the preceding 

**Kkm ilVt that long otalf with a oircalar frame on 
tho head of i^ need aneiently whan npetaadiog Bnu 
won tehionable.*' OalL fiieyoL 

Knor-aWKB, t. An instrument for facilitating 
the ehnming of milk. It is composed of an 

axis moving between two joists-— into which 
axis are mortised two sticks at right anffIeS| 
the one a great deal longer than the other. 
The chum-staff is attacned to the shorter 
one, and the longer one is held in the hand, 
and pushed backwards and forwards, which 

Eoatly lightens the labour of churning ; it 
ing much more easy to move a vertical 
body from side to side than upwards and 
downwards, S. 

'* A gentlewoman in tho TidnitT of Edinbargh, who 
baa been much aocoetomed to the management of a 
dairy, atatee, that ehe haa alwaye been need to ehom 
the whole milk in a plunge ehnm, with a ewee, a lever 
applied to the end of the cham-eti^.*' Agr. Sarv. 
MM-Loth., p. 148. 

SaBNBK, 9. Familiarity, OL Shirr., S. B., q. 
mixing together. 

**I belioTo ehe waa a leel maiden, an' I eanna lay 
bat I had a khrnem wi* her, an' a kino o' a harlin favoor 
for her." Joomal from London, p. 7. 

KIRN, #. 1. The feast of harvest^home, S., 
synon. maiden-'/eaat* 

Am Ueak-fiM'd HaUowmai rttnnii. 

They get the jovial, ranting kims. 

When mral life, o' ev'ry itation. 

Unite in eonunon reermtion. jlanu, UL ft. 7. 

2. The name sometimes given to the last hand- 
ful of grain cut down on the harvest-field, S. 

" The Gamenmian— reeenred eeveral bandfnla of the 
fairmt and atraighteet oom for the Hanreet ib'm." 
Blaokw. Mag., Jan. 1821, p. 400. 

The poTMm who carriee off thia, ia laid to wm the 
kirn, Atkg. It ia formed into a little fignre, droned 
like a oUld'a doU, caned the Maiden; lOeo the ktm- 
òoÒy, Loth., and the Sore or ffcur in Aynh. 

In tho North of £. kem-babp denotee *'an ima^ 
dreeeed np with com, earned before the reapers to their 
meU-eapper, or barreet home." Qroee*e ProT. 01. 

It may be eappoeed, that this nee of the term refers 
to tho ktm or eaam being need on this occasion. For 
a chom-faU ol eream forma a principal part of tho en- 

Ait-ceken, twa liddle-fta', fai ranks 

Pfl'd ap they gsid appear ; 
An', reamin ovrs, the Kim down cUnlu, 
An* sets their chaiRs ssteer, 

Fa' liMt that night 

ilML /. NieoCe Poem, L 164. 

It ia in faToar of this aa the origin, that as JTem- 
òofty ia need, A. Bor., to denote the maiden^ cAura is 
synon. For eAnni-^ottÌN^ ia ezpL "a nighUy feast 
sltertheoomiaoat[f. cat.] North.** Gl. Gioee. 

Bat neither the cnetom of introdncing the chum, nor 
tho ortho^|raphy, are decioÌTo proofs; because both 
vàfjM cfnffnùm tmuL an idea tuit the cham was the 
tlung relnred tow 

It may reepeet tho ^iieni or hand-miln, as anciently 
naed at thie time in preparing the firet portion of the 
now grain. Bat the origin is qaite uncertain. V. 
ÌÌAiDBir and Bapiqbtxb. 

Brand Wowa Kem Babp aa '* plainly a corruption of 
Chm Bahjf or Image^ as is the Rem or Chum Supper 
or Com Supper.*' He deiivee the name Mell-eupper 
from "Fr. me»l-er, to mingle or mix tc^ther, the 
master and eerrant being promiscuonaly at one table, 
all being on an equal footins. Popular Antiq., p. 907. 

Towards the eod of December, the Romane celebrated 
tho Xikii Juoenalee ; and tho harvest being gathered 




ll, «h» jBhabitenti of Um eontiT olMerrvd the hut 

Vaeuma^ le ■■imn, m has been con- 

oiihm modi 

Joetendp beoMue she piwded over thoee who were 
idlMMd from Ubonr, 9memMm§ el otkwie pcMeeaet 
▼• BodB. Aiitiq. Bon., p. 174. Some hare rappoeed 
thoft this Is the origin or onr B kr wa t -t U me. 

I am informed hf n leomed friend, that he haa teen 
fifuea of the kina deaeribed aboTe, in the houaea of 
& peaaanhj in the vieinit/of Fetenbnig ; whence he 
ii im^ir*^ to think that the aame enatom moat be pra- 

Dunndva haa obearved, thai **thera waa a enatom 
among the heathena, mneh like thia, at the gathering 
in ofmeir hanreel, when aerranta were indn^;ed with 
Kbarty and being on^ an eonality with their maatera for 

BntionaL ap. Brand, nt anp., p. 303. 

Hospinian anppoaea tfiat the heathen copied thia ena 

from the 7ewa. It haa been conjeotnred thnt it 
haa been tmnamitted tone by the former. TheSazona, 
among their holidnya^ aet apart n week al hanreat. It 
haa bcMi already obeerved, that aaaong the Bo m a n a, 
VaemMf alao oaDed Faenm, waa the name of the 
foddem to whom the raatiea aae ri fioed al the con« 
ShuioQ of harveat lUd., p. 304-368. 

To Cbt THB KiBN. Af ter tlie itm is won, or 
the last ha&dfol of gndncat down, to go to 
the nearest eminence, and give three cheers, 
to let the neiffhbonrs know that hardest is 
finished, Teviotd., Loth. After this the 
ceremony of throwmg the kooi$ takes pkce. 

To Wnf THB KiBir. To gain the honour of cut- 
ting down the last handful of com on the 
harvesi^eld, S. 

** I shall either gain n kim from aome fair lip for 
■faniag the kbm^ or aome ahaU havn hot biowa for it.** 
Blaokw. Mag., nt anpw 

KoDf-CUT, $. ^The name sometimes given 
to the last handful of grain cut down on the 
harvest field f South of S. 

** Wiom, the aame nin depended the Hrn aii of com, 
onfkmrfy toaided ana ado rn ed with ribbona." Bemaina 
of mthadaU Skmc, p. 260. V. MAmur. 

'*If thon wilt DO my partner, I haTo aeen aa great a 
sunrel hamwn aa the atm-ctif of com coming to aa 
saeklam handa aa thine and mine.** BhM^kw. Mag., 
Jan. 1881, p. 400. 

KiBN-DOLLiE, •• A sort of female figure 
made of the last handful of com that is 
reaped in the harvest^ld, Roxb.; the 
same with Jfaiefan, and Kkn-biJ^ii. Y. 

DoUk ia a dimin. from E. DùO^ * litae giri'a poppet 
This ia nerhapa allied to laL doitt, nympoa, if not to 

KIBNEL, Ktbneill, s. «< One of the low 
interstices of wall on the battlements,'' Pink. 

A ends thai Buid at Uttir diain, 
Off fne^ that ww itjth and aqaar, 
That fra it in ana kgrmdU war. 
And the leddie thaifrm alniUy 
etwm, it aald aland eak giy. 

BaPMvr, z. SOB^ M8L 

Warton'a Hiat, L 6& IV. cr aji an mt , tha battlenMnta 
of A wall; crm«£^ embattled. 

EIRNIE, #. **A little pert, impudent boj, 

who would wish to be considerod a man;** 

OalL EncycL 

C. R corffH, a dwarf or pigmy, from ear, Id* Uinyd 
writea it korrjfn, 

{KLRR^intefj. Hush, Shetl.] 

[To KiRR, V. a. To hush, to silence; chiefly 
used by shepherds, ibid. 

No. kyrr, UL ferro, to hnah.] 

EIRRYWERY, Cabbiwabt, «. A sort of 
burlesque serenade; the noise of mock-i 
music, made with pots, kettles, frying-pans, { 
shouting, screaming, &c^ at or near the 
doors and windows of old people who marry 
a second time, especially of old women and 
widows who marry young men, W. Loth., 


IV. charwarU ia need exactly in the aame 
" A pnbliqne defanmlion, or Indneins of ; n fonle 
noiae made, biaeke Ami «• mn|^ to the ahame and dia> 
srace of another; henoob an mfamooa (or infaming) 
ballade anng; br an armed troope, under the window 
of an old dotard mairied, the day before, nnto a yong 
wanton, in modLorie of them both.— The carting of an 
infHnona penon, graced with tiie harmonie of nnging 
ketUea, and fiying-pan mnaicke;'* Cotgr. 

L. B. cAarmn^icm, Indna tnrpia tinnitibna el cin* 
moribna variia^ qniboa iUndnnt iia, qni ad aeenndaa 
conTolant nnptiaa. Dn Cange^ in to. , The council of 
Toon, A. 1446^ prohibited thia abanrd amoaement 
vnder pain of ezoonmnmicalion. A particnlar aoooont 
ia gÌTcn of the irrMndaritim denotea by thia tenn, in 
the atatolee of the Synod of Angnon, A. 1337. When 
the bride reached Uie honae of Uie bridegroom, the 
riotera violently aeiaed part of the hott8ehold-good% 
which ther^ wonld not give n^ nnlem redeemed by 
money, mieh they expended m the moet diaaolute 
manner ; makins anch odiona aporta aa, aay the good 
fathera, cannot be exprmeed in decent language. Id. 
TfK Cka l v a rie u m^ CkaivarUum, The term ia alao 
written CheievaUL 

We learn, from the Did. Trer., thni thia uproar 
waa made on ocoaaion of great inequality of agm be- 
tween the peraona who were manned, or when they 
had marriea a aeoond or a third time. The origin of 
the term ia totally uncertain. It haa given riae to n 
good deal of contr o vemy among the learaed. 

To KIRSEN, Kkissen, v. a. To baptise, S., 
WestmoreL ; ter$*ni Lancash.; corr. from E. 
ehrUten; a term used improperly, in what- 
ever language, as proceeding on the false 
idea, that the chilcuen of church-members 
are not to be accounted ChruHcau before 
baptism; although their right to baptism 
arises from their being bom within pale of 
the churclu Hence, 

KiBSNiN, s. Baptism, S. 

EIRSP, «• Fine linen, or cobweb lawn. 

" Iteoi, iiii peoia of Knp.** InTintoriei^ A. 1516; p. 






■.Com., A. 


^IBSSEN. adf. Applied to a yeir lean 
aafanali auo to fooa when not wholesome^ 
SlielL Bdg. iinif hersten, ChmtiBXL] 

KEBSTi KiBSTT, «• Viewed as an abbrev. 
of tha female name Ckri$iim: Chr. Kirk. 
[EaiBTri when the name of a man or boy.] 

(JUKVJJÌh «• A certain quantity of straw or 
jUM i; litendl]r,.three sheaves tied together, 
BhetL No. Ugrve, Dan. pro. ijevros, id. 

» — »lfcs>l To caterwanl, Fif e. 

We aii^ wppoM Oua tiM Ibrt qrllabte WM allMd 


% is asks a aoin a ooeotH i did it not 

ESHt a. The. name ffiven by the iron* 
onelterByat Canon ana Clyde Iron Works, 
to a shining powdery matter, which sepa- 
latea from pig-iron that has been long kept 

All, fa Hi astaNb b iimilar to Flnmbaao or BiMk 
ss il ii BMie oommoaly mUmL Gbrburat of 

ITANEy Etslb-stanb, Keistl- 
axajnSi «. ** A flint stone. Tent, ieiel' 
sOm, silexr OL Sibb. V. Kebzub. 

KISLOP, f. 1. The fourth stomach of a 
calf 9 coQtaimnff the substance which has the 
power ef ooagdatiiig milk, Ettr. For.; Betd^ 
ajriioo. ^e same yirtne is here ascribed 
to the stomach of a lamb. 

1. The bag which contains rennet, ibid. 

To KISS liU c«^. To <* pnt the cap or mug 

' ta tfie month, aphrase for drinkin|^'' 8., 

GL Shinefs. [When used with the nega- 

tm it means, <*to get no refreshment|" 

, Banfls., Perths., Clyctes.] 

**! wadaa Ite «Mir oop^**! woold not ImU yoer 
«Bk,a *a wiidaA liflt MUM MJ* bin,'' I would hftTO 
■a Wlowriiip with him in dmkinfc 8. 

nSSINGK^TSINaS, s. pL Strings tied 
' the chin. S. 

Ihi Snl Hat I to town or marktl suif*— 
▲ pair of Wmmv liri'ii ji^ and c^otw, ftrt-aow. 
Af SMidio I Ma wyloi ahall toroiir duo. 

KIST, Kt8T, s. 1. A chest, S., Yorks. 

Witt dioidAd hoit thv qponrt wieht WaUaoa, 
aftSchvr Boaald, for tho ehoitir off mml 
Voe^ ho Mid, thir wordlt tr oochl Im, 
nil wvyt ot Conbo iB tho Ayj< 
Qihtr tooe a bid, tbaroff BO othrr Wirt. 

woifaM^ TiLisi, ica 

Bst s wmI iilonitli'ii nailia hM Oooidio. 
And raoOi o' snid 1' Us JUiC 

S. A coffin, S., sometimes a dead kUi. 

**Tho nz gantiomon roooirod hit hood with woofsl 
hoorto, which with tho oorpo^ wao shortly oat ia a kkU** 
Spdding'o Troobloo. iL 220. 

3. A kind of enitvs, or perhaps what is other- 
wise called an ark^ for catching fish. 

«' Togiddor with prìTÌlogo--of thrio iiilet within tho 
Mid wotsr wvsckos tso is, with oil tho kuUt, prolSnttio 
and oommoditoio thoirof." Aoto Cho. L. Bd. 1SÌ4, V. 

To KiST, KrsT, v. a. To inclose in a coffin, S. 

EiSTiK*, KiSTiNO, s. The act of putting a 
corpse into a coffin, with the entertainment 
given on this melancholy occasion, S. 

KiST-NOOK, KiST-NEUCK, s. The comer of a 
chest ; [sometiipes the inside, the safest or 
most secret part of, a chest, S.] 

H«r btsakots aii'd a' fea sad diy. 
And ia tho AMHiooè fiyddit hj, io. 

it. &o«r«i>lMMi^>S& 

A.-a eeiC, Gorm. ki$^ Sn.^. kmi^ Lot daf^ a 
ohooti in gonoroL A.-S. ejftie, a ooffia, Lak. vii. 14 
Bolg. doodJtUi; UL leikUim, litoraUy, a deod-Hn; fron 
Inft^adoodhody, andKi<;aoho8t. GotÌL Aoi^ a fossoI 
lor oontaining wator, for moasnring ooia, Ao. Pors. 
ea»H, Goth. &la, Colt ked, oaponla. 

** John Logio's hood woa first Kifed; and hoth to- 
fothor worsoonToyod to tho Gray Friar kirk-yard, and 
bnod." SpoUing'o Thmblos^ n. 220. Honoo, 

[KiST-WEED, f . The plant Woodruff, (ils/>ertt- 
la odoratoj Lin.) Banffs.] 

EISTrr, adj. Dried up, withered, without 
substance, not having its proper distinguish- 

* ing quality, Clydes.; FoUonluMf synon. 

Tont. teed most havo had a similar signifioation, os 
Kilian rsndors keeai*koen, gallina storilis, infoecanda. 
Qmiei also signifioo tritns, Irani 9■i•^€n, tennob attorsrs. 

KiSTLESS, Eybtless, adj. Tasteless, Roxb. 


* KIT, EiTT, ». 1. A wooden vessel or pail 

in which dishes are washed, Roxb.; [a 
shallow vessel for milking in, with a closely- 
fitting lid, Shetl. 

This is dUbrsnt fipom tho asnso in whi^ tho word is 

[2. A pack, the contents of a pack, Clydes.] 

To Krt^ V. a. To pack in a Kt, S. Hence 

kU ys, pack off, get out of the way, S. 

*' Until tho last sosson, tho Thnrso salmon woro aU 
boilod and kitted at Wick^ aftor hoing carried 20 miloo 
OTor knd on horMback.** Stat. Aoe., zx. 623. 

Kit, #. A' ths kUf or the haill Ht^ the whole 
assortment, all taken together; applied both 
to persons and things, o. 

Twos whiikoy mods thorn a' mo erooss, 
Aad gut thorn lia thoir fost to mom ; 
Bat BOW I wad aa gi'o •• Ioom 






A 9t Mw maiif9 P om u , p^ 1701 

to 8a.-0. kgi^ to •xdMogtb to 
I Mlualbgoot to the phnM, tk€ haiU cMin. U. 
lad* how«Tir» dtnolM * nmltitodt of tolaato ; 
—■Ititodioein, O. Andr. V • Oovr. 

[KIT, E[iTTy f. A Tulgar abbrev. of Chris- 
topher and Ohrifltiaii, Loth^ Clydes.] 

KirOHENy EiTCHiNO, EiOHiK a, «. LAny 
thing eaten with bmui ; oorresponding to 
Lat cpmmiumf 8. 

^Tkè wttogti aad poorer tort of Hm poopio h«?o 
aol aliraiv wlut ii ootled kUd^ thai it inilk or beu; 
to Ihiir BNoliu'' P. Sp^yoMmth, MoniTB. Stetiti. Aoo., 
lir, 401» Bm% hoiwiyoc , tlio tonn » oiad in » vory 

**flkH iMTiiagi too aado gMt port of tMr ItteAtfii 
(opio aiiUB ,) a word thoft hore oigiufioo whotovor flivoo 
a loliih to bnod orpofridgt.'' P. iBToiwk, M. Uth. 

fltatUt* ÀMkp ZTÌ. SO. 

la Lolb. Ml b o pp oi<d to hUekm, Thai oao njii 
'•I>t foMw ay toS; bat I luMl noo iileAai.'' 

1. ^An allowanoe instead of milk, batter, 
small beer, and some other articles of less 

'Thtio aio oboot aao 100 dkmghiMtt and oortori, 
anaool wagto ovt from L. 4 to L. ff. io monoy, 
SOla Ibr Mdhe^ Ao." Stotut. Aoe. Cnmood, L 218. 

8. It was applied to solids as contnulistin- 
gnished f ran liquids. 

**fllf OBT ddp bapp«os to bo St Bordooolz, or oiiy 
after ftnOt tbo ■hipmon mmj bear fartb of the tbip 
iio Ukkimg m oao of tho abip la, yjz, ana maaa, or ana 
balf aaia of mait that is caold, with ala meikla breid 
as ho jaay fodalio aat at ania ; bot ha aall not bair 
fsffth of tho ahip ooy drink.*' Ship Lawia, Balfoor'a 
iRasi^f p* oiwa 

Tha tarai oooua Ìa thotaiaa aanaain tho B. of Mar'a 
Hosaahold Book for 1S67. 

** Tho kkkUtg for tho oiaiataraa natrix, rokkaria» fte. 
J T ifliiw p to tho Tiolaiia ; Itaai, i] ooarkaria of mattoaa : 
il pefwto ri% with potagia, and naeha, Ao. Kidkimg ; 
amDf m tho ilaaoho-day ana qnartor of moottoun,** 
As. GhalBMTi' Mary. L 178. 

Ihara k ao E. word whieh axpreaaaa tha aama idaa. 
Jfaoi is aot aaarlT ao aztanaÌTa in iti aignification. 
far Ukkt m not only danotat batoher-maa^ but any 
tUag that k naad aa a aabatitato for it» aa fiah, aggi, 
akaaaa^ "^nif, èo. 

This turn may porhraa be allied to laL KM, Sa.-0. 
AmN; Obb. bod, fl!ah« in laL it ii aomatimaa written 
Am«. Jb kmU loniMin, lleah for the teeth ; Alfa S., 
pi IS. It oeeniB in the oompomid term RoasaKoteat^ 
fca eating of horaa fleah. Thia custom prevailed among 
tha Iealaad«% in ooouion with the other Gothio 
aatioBi, before their oonveruon to Chriatianity . Hence 
it is 8M I J hai wa bamauàburd, oe homoHMmI thtlu 
kmHdtuÌ m'fiknm kg: "Aa for the exposing of infanta, 
sad aating of hone-fleah, they were ancient cnatoma.** 
XrialBÌMga» p. lOa 

It aaama doabtfol, howerer, whether thia be not 
msnly tha original eenae of the £. word ikdcAoi. There 
osa bo BO doabtk that the apartment thns denominated, 
ioos Ì Tea ito name beeanaa the food need by the family 
ii eaoM there % aa Tent, hokentt heuehene, cnlina, are 
fMsi AaftBH ooqnere. The same correapondence may 
barsasarkadiatheoognatotenna. Wow, tUchen seems 
priamrily to hsYO denoted what waa cooked* and thence 

to ha^ beaa tnaaforrsd to tiM pboa where thia work 
waa parCormed. We have sooMToetiflee of thia in other 
laagiUMna. Thna Dan. kioUben, aa it denotea a kitchen, 
alao signillee food dressed } Mil MUmi, cold meat^ or 
aa it might be rendersd, GL, eaiilfl kkehm, PV..eicJfNM; 
is alao used in both eenaea; Ltmr euUms cr dim a irtp their 
stated dieti or naoalproportion of victnala. 
We hare aa old nor. in which 

••Hnnger'a gnd kUekem,'' In Sw. there ia ooe Tonr 
similar: MuMffrtgmngarbautakodM; AgoodatOBUMB 
ia tho bsat sanoe (or cookery) ; Wideg. 

It ia also said; "It isilltàeAmthatkoepa thobrsad 
away ;" Bamaay'a 8. Ptot., p. 4S. 

To EiTOHBzr. V. o. I. To serve as kUekim, S. 

For BM I esn be well oontsnt 
T» eat my bannock on the bent. 
And Me*m'< wi' fresh sir. 

itoaiiop's ^MSM, L 84. 

The poor msn's wins, / 

His WM diap psrritoh, or his bieedt * 

Acu kitthinf flnsi 


2. To save, to be sparing of; sjmon. with 
Hain^ Tape; as **KUchin weel,** make your 
kUcAen but, Ettr. For. The idea evidently 
isy nse it like kitchen to food^ that it may 
last as long as required. 

Kitchen, $. ** A tea*am or vase.** Sir J. 
Sinclair's Observ., p. 171. 

KrrcHEBr-FEB, s. The drippings of meat 
roasted before the fire, S. 

"Mr. Q. L. W. S. said the managen were satisfied 
that fat drippings and kUehen-fee were preferable to tho 
proposed substitote." Oded. Merc, Not. 24, 1823. 

It seems to reoeÌTe tUs name, becanse the kitchen- 
maids daim this aa a perqoisite^ q. a retaard for their 
aenrice in dressing victoala ; and sell it for their own 

KiTOHT. The vnlgar form of kitehen as a s.» 

adj^ and v^ Ang., Banff s. 

"Ye'U ken the road to the iHldky, nncle Kenny, 
though ye hinna seen it this monie a lang day.'* St. 
KatUeen,iii 168. 

KITH, s. 1. Acquaintance, circle of acquain- 
tance. It is said, that one is not near either 
to kith or Ha, when removed to a distance 
from both friends and relations. 

A ffleib o' Isn', a daat o' gear, 
Was left me hj [mj] auntie, Tam ; 

At kUk or kin I oMd na Mpier. 
An I saw sne and twenty, Tkm. 

Bmtu, tr, SIS. 

It ocoors in this sense in 0. B. 

It is filth to rede howe rjghtwyse men Irned, 

Howe thcT dsfowled her fleche, forvoke hyr own will ; 

Fane fro T^tk and from kifme ill clothed yeden. 

Badly bsdaed. no book bat Conscience ; 

Ne no ryches oot the rods, to reioioe hem therin. 

P. Flougknua^ FoL 88, a. 

This phraae ia also used in Inland. 

"Ever aince he had lived at the Lodge of hia own, 
ho— waa grown <}nito a gentleman, and had none of hia 
rolations near him^no wonder he waa no kinder to 
poor Sir Condy than to hia own kUk and kin,** Edge- 
worth's Castle Backrsnt, p. 111. 



[4S] Xlf 

S* 8liew» imeftrmncet marks by which one U 
kiiowii. Y. Ktthb. 

lliiVMÌ bj "SLIInam, m denoting eowilfy, Althoagb 

n nDt «f kyndi of 0«nnMikp 
km tho Bntons Imts of thw AyfA^L 
MotMooBMi teclojnott,* myktlto faros thui 

VI ditodtt, or jtUU fp ow right 

H in tfao nmo MnM. 

1m Lord of tho bad. In lonth k Inodth, 
kii« of Ibrt IfM^ Uo i^yniM far to bolpt. 

P. KpivAaum» F. 14, h. 

A.-& < i < > i ^ t Mf kt , notitin ; cfCA-oii, to show ; Teat. 
M^ Mtai^ ijBOo. with Toot, homd, Kiliu. A.-S. 
owyAo io olio NBidindf potri% to! nwnongflfnff in 

EzpL as denoting a brothel, Ajrs. 
*< JSh; a bawdy-house ;" GL Picken. 

BhImbo an obBqno mo of A.-& «<0^ tagnriolnm ; m 
f^._ iiiifWM^ jwhmùè B. hrdkO^ u from banU, *** 

lodging; or oottage of 
ÌB tbo flddCrCo^;r. 

To JkX'rr, v. a. To relieye a person of all 
Ina nadj money at play. KSUf part pa^ 
plucked in this manner, Boxb. 

II is ofin tim uod; **ni oithor bo iJtt, or o 
§HtlMHHii^ Lo.» I will oithor go away without a 
fiBBT m aqr pookot^ or eany off oomething handaooio. 

Tha SMj bo hqm Fr. quitti^ freed, releaeed ; O. Fr. 

U t tTp hMMT, abiiBdonnor; 8u.-0. gaaquiu, privari, 

bsaonm Jaetama& faoero ; in imitation. Hire thmka, of 

. the JiMtih, who say, £tre quitU do qvelqne choeo. 

U. l o di C e rifnifhiet violonter jactare et diajioero 

To KUTER, V. 11. To fester; used concern- 
mg a sore ; to inflame, to gather as a boil 
dMs, Ettr. For. 

OL BL ew rtp r Mgnifleoaii oxeretion, an excretory orl* 
Boo; c f llro ^ to ojoot^ to oaet offL Id. Aylr^ in an- 
fldo latera^ hao pe r faa g i aa mnch appearance of affinity. 

langnagolyto aignifiee, nlciu, apoetema. 

JULXTUS, «• A name given to any kind of 
cow, OalL 

''XMe; n ooaimon name^ or rather an nnÌTonal 
«Bib foraUoowa." OaU. EnoycL 

jBorely a oonr. of Cototfy. V. Gowda, 

KEFTIE, KiTTOCXy $. 1. A loose woman, 
8. B. sullies. A. 

^ ana KUtk, dnst op with golden chenyos, 
Widrin thie land wot nevlr aard nor tene. 

Itamèflr, BoMMi^yiM Poems, pi 46, it 161 

Bolat the ket throw Slthy speich and coansell. 
Thai idM did heir of some cunt Kiitit anacU, 
Wf oaho gftif eir to tie Tjle bawderie, 
Qod, SehHBe, and Hoaour echo ferret all thre. 

LammL L aeoiL, A. iiiL a. 

8aok ia the aoooont given of the change of Qneen 
SfasJ^l oondnot. The author, howerer, givea her a 
ianmimbb oharacter, before ehe waa mailed by 
of wicked oonnaeL 

I grut, 1 had aae Donehter waa ane Qoeeae, 
nSth gnde and fiiir, gantill and UberaU, 
Dotit with tertawia, and wit natoraU, 
Prifoant In sprolt. tn all thiiupi hoDoarBhOl ; 
Laaty code lyke, to all men laToitrmbUl, 
flbanelnll to will, baith honest, molk and law ; 
Thir vartewia all acho had. quhils acho ftood aw 
Of Ood Etemo, aa of hir Oovemottr. 
And qnhen acho did regard hir hie noooor. 

KUtodt ia need nearly in the aamo aeoao. It oocnn, 
in pL, aa denoting penona engaged in dallying; whether 
BM or female. 

Ha, ha, qnhat broeht tbir ftittodb hither. 

FMoL Pimk a P. it, iU. a 

It ooeon alio in a Toiy old Ballad, printed A. 1508. 

My gndame wes a gay wift bot acho was ryght send : 

mTcamt [herl krad KUiok, qnhaaa hir weUl kend. 

Pimk. Ibid,, p. 14L 

2. A female, although not necessarily implying 

lififatness of carnage, yet always expressive 

ot disrespect, and generally conjoined with 

some epithet of this import; as, an idle 

tUtie^ a elaioerin iUttie, &c^ S. 

It had pretty eariy been naed in thia intermediato 

Iher come oar Kiiieit, weaehen done, 
In new Urtillia of gray. 

Or. Kirk, at L 

It is snpriaing that Callander ahould derÌTO it 
*' either from Kaie, Katie, the common diminutÌTo of 
Gathorino;. or firam their playfnlneaa aa kiUeHe, or 
yonng oata." The etymon given by Sibb. ia not much 
better; *'Sw. kaiig, dy, cwming; Goth. kaUàe^ 

Lord Hailea rendera aa monjf one KiUie, " ao many 
whorea ; adding, Lewd KiUe are atmmpeta ; Chancer, 
p.SOe." Bann. P. Xote, p. 257. 

The origin may be A.-S. cwith, laL htid, Sq.«0. qv/ed^ 
ntema ; one principal diatinction of the aez. 

It aoema more probable, however, that it ia radically 
aOiod to Sn.-0. hatU, wanton. V. Caiob, v. Thia 
latter etymon appeara to derive confirmation from the 
apparent nao of AtMie aa an adj. V. Uksslb, a. 

EnTlE-CAT, s. A bit of wood, or any 
thing used in its place, which is hit and 
driven about at SiirUU and other games, 


[ErmE-SWEERIE, $. An instrument 
for winding yam, ShetL] 

EITTIT, wxH. pa. Stripped of all that one 
possessed, bereaved of one's property, whe- 
ther by misfortune or otherwise. So. of S. 

V. KiTT, V. 

ErmWAEE,«. Lams Rissa, Linn. The 
same name is given to the Lams Tridacty- 
Ins, which is the young of the L. Rissa. 

**Tho Tarrock, (learue Mdaeiylue, Lin. Syat.) which 
aeema to be our kiiywaie, ia by far the moat common 
of the kind in thia place.'* Barry'a Orkney, p. 303. 

KiUiwake, Sibbald'a Hiat. Scot., p. 20. 

" The yonng of theao birda are a favoarito diah ia 
North Bntain, being aerved np roaated, a little before 
dinner, in order to provoke the appetite ; bat from 
their rank taate and amell, aeem mach more likely to 
prodoco a contrary effect." Pennant's ZooL, p. 539, 




h K. I an ÌBfòrmed, this bM ii cftlM th« Oilter- 
Mk II abonoMvw IIm dmm of KUhiefaik, Orkn. 
OMthik Gbi tka t«m imIm or /oiè U Allied to i^ail:, 
tbtBMMoC AbMtq.T. Poim. MvtthAt itis "lo 
«IM from iti ofy.** Toor in &, 17(». p. fiO. 



1. To litter. 

Hm bm Mil MMif oamy ImuIIi iUm, 

AbA thwt wfn Btfw b« A Uird LMrmont agBÌB. 

Iii • BNiAoQj Moiibod to lliooiM the Rhymer, tail^ 

JfotllaiHl PMHW, L IxxfiiL 

TkklitlMO.K. word ** A. 9tmj IqfmAyiUith wm 


mtfaojwa." PfelegTMe. iTyMeawMalao 
-1 AyMdl M a ertto dothe.— Qoeqrpo when your 
eatto 4ffaKM» I pnj jon let me hftTe a kjftij^nge; " 

S. To bring forth Idttens, S. 

Tba% In a lodMRMie ìob|^ which ■eemi to have been 
eoMpoeed in derieon of tike Pretender,— it ie aeid j— 
Ae eetfe Mtfirf hi Cheilie'e wig. 

8«.-0. ÈUda^ tUtta. id. n dimin. from haU, a cat. 
Ihia a» howoter , aeeoM to have been fonnerly need 
with yiater btitBde^ aa eqnÌTalent to the £. v. lo 

To EiTTUBy V. ft. To be flenerated in the 
imagination or affections, Ayrs. 

—>'* Down feU the honeet anldtownof St Ronan'a, 
. whan b^the daeent folk had been heartwme eneugh 
for moay a day before onv o' them were bom, or out 
•So vaiMMiniiff faBoiea lifffaf in their cracked hraine. 
8«^ JEUmaa. L AS. 

**! wovid be nana aarpriaed if aomething had ìdttìei 
. batwai Jamie and a Highland laaeie^ ana Nell Friael." 
Tha Entail, it »2. 

Ihia may ba traoed to Tent. Iiiicl, oflb^ring. 

U. Aad^ foatna reoena, foetnm infantu prima ; 0. 

KlTTLDTO, ExTTLnr, 9. 1. A kitten, S.; 
kjiib/ng^ 0» E. Palsgrane. V. the v. 

2. This word has formerly been nsed as a con- 
temptoons designation for a child. 

— *'Chlliagof himtheifl^ geytt, bowria geyt» preiatia 
Hcbnc^^Smd. Bag., A. 1541, V. 17. 
^KfOìmgu GhtoUaa. Catoncolaa.'* Prompt. Parr. 
'*CatolM^ lylli%iiga.'' Ort Vocab. 

To Kil*TLE» KiTiLL, V. a. 1. To tickle, in 
a literal sense, S. 

This wwd oooui in a enxiona paaaage in onr old 

"Gil it happin that ony man be paaeand in the 
King'a gait or paaaage, drivand befoir him twa aheip 
foatnit and knit tiyidler, be chanoe ana hone, havana 
ana aair bak. ia lying in the laid gait, and ane of the 
aheip paana be tM ane aide of the noree, and the nther 
aheap oa the nther aide, awa that the band onhairwith 
thaj ar band tnieh or kUiU hii aair bak, ana he thair* 
bv Borit dob ariae, and caryia the aaid icheip with 
Ub heir and thair, nntill at laat he comia and enteris 
in ana miln havand ane fire, without ane keipar, and 
akattaria the flra^ qnairfay the miln, hoTM, aheep^ and 
an, ia bnnt t Qnoeriliir, Qnha aall pay the akaith : 
Ì > ÌMpon rf« nr , The awner of the horee aaU pay the 
ahai^ beoanaa hie horM aonld not hare been tying in 
the jting'a hia-atreit» or commoon paaaage ; and the 
■fliar aall pay for the nuln, and the hone, and for all 

nther daauga and akaith, beeanaa ha left ana fire ia 
the miln, withont ana keipar." Balfonr'a Praet., p. 


** He took great libertiea with hie Royal Highneiai— 
pokiu and AtSOny him in the riba with hie fora-flnger.'* 
The flgaamboat, p. 

S. To excite a pleasant sensation in the mind. 

Oladenm and confort than iato earn parte 
Begoath to AiMO/ Baaai thochtfol hart. 

Jkmg. VwgU, IfiS. la 

3. 7b UUUt to kiiiU up, to enliven, to roose, 
to excite in a vivid manner, [when spoken 
of a person ; to sharpen, to brighten, when 
spoken of things, Ciydes.] 

Tsat me now, anld boy, 
Pfe gathered aewa will kUtU yoar mind with Jot. 

^awjgjf'f PafMa, tt. 87. I 

Thna Bnina eipremivalT deacribea the fonded eifeeto \ 
of atrong drink on the orain that bagina to feel ito 

Leem me en Drink t it gies as mair 

Than either echool or eoUege : 
It kindlee wit, it waokeae uS, 

It penge ve few of kaowledae. 
Bet wUekey gill, or penny wheep^ 

Or ony straoger potion ; 
It nef<er fUla, on drinking deep. 

To kiitU ty oor notkm. Pomm^ L 17. 

4. To pozzle, to perplex, S^ an oblique sense, 
founded on the uneasy sensation, or rest- 
lessness, caused bj tickling. 

5. Used ironically as denoting a fatal stab, S. 

" Had I my race to rin again, laaa, I wadnae draw 
my dirk in the dark, aa I have done, at the whiaper o' 
a Moriaon ; I wad kUtU the pnree-proud carlea under 
the fifth rib wi* the bit canld ateel for myael', laaa.** 
Blaekw. Mag., Jnly 1920, p. 38«. 

A.-8. cilelon, Belg. kUid-tn, Tent. kStaO^n, Id. 
MU, Sn.^. lelelHi, Fr. dkaiouUUr. E. tkkU, m 
Seren. dbeervea, ia generally anppoaed to be a corr. 
from thia original fonn of the word. Rndd. dedncee 
aU theee from Lat UHU-are, Junina, with more pro- 
bability obeerraa^ that A.-S. kUehuig, approachea nairiy 

to lAt. cateMrfl^ to deeire the male ; adding that the 

riolently excited. 

moat of animala, in thia atate, are 

It aeema to oonlhm thia idea, that Fr. ^aiQuUl-er, ia 

a deriv. from cAol, a catb Seren. alao mentiona ItaL 

Peihapa the root ia laL kid^ mollitar fiicaia. 

To Kittle up, «• n. To rise, to increase in 
f woe. A term used in reffurd to the wind, 
when it rises. ^Ifs begmnin' to kUtUr 
i.en It is beffinning to rise, Fife. Fin 
Banffs. to HtUe and to kittle up are applied 
to a horse when it becomes restive.] 

[Kittle, s. Tickling; but KUilin is more 
common, Clydes., Banffs.] 

Kittle, KrrrLr, adj. 1. 'ncklish, easily 
tickled, S. Teut keUUghj id. 

2. Difficult, in a physical sense; as, when 
applied to a road which one is verv apt to 
lose, or in which one is in danger of falling. 
This is said to be a kiuU gaU^ or to have 
kiuU stape in it, S. 





"■Bill WÈÈarbm mhmihm waj. tfiMgli Wu oo ■•• 
dUkidl «0 iS^ If h« iMtp tiM lM>m-roMl, tad mmd tlM 
tan a* IIm GmiralMM% and dinn*— bum oo j o' Um 
•a tk Fmi o^ WalkwAj.**^ TalM of my 

H Diflkultp niee; wed in a moral teiiie, like 

Bf kid^" 1m Mid. 


r*a al^vB • Uii Hm a ■kaping 1 
«1 farTM ni do aa Mfb a dtal 
Vor ill ainl as said Indaoa aff tha baoeh.* 

Jfjatiwliy Bmbr, tJL U4 

4. Not etiify managed ; as, a iUlb AorM» S. 

«hoaedloboMxtaajrla&''ao. Mali 

IbelL AaCaHaa Ìa oaad in a fj fipn^ 

Ihà it aal lo Ihiow hia ridar, ia aalk 

lidioc 19 to Oanbio— «poB mkUtU hot 

^.aaaovar on tha othar bank, with 

ao. MaUviU'a MS., p. ISa 

A horaa 
aft to thraw hia ridar. ia aallad JbeCe/^ pami. 

A. Not omDj pronounced or articalated. 
Thns it ie nsnal to speak of kitiU wards or 

' Hi «M iMOHd, aod atary ttttla 
Varhanadhallavad it tna ; 
■Bite' chMt«a croai n' kitiU^ 

6b Tariable, i^lied to the weather, S. 

••MmU wmAer, tiekliah, ohaafaabU or anoartaia 
vmttar. floath." Gnaa. Thia tann ia alao oaad, 
JLBaa *'UBaaitaio,do«btfol;aawhaiioBiankiu>wa 
not hia ovB ■lad;'* Baj. 

7« Miee^ intricate^ in a moral aenae; aa, a 

fcanofat^ whaChar it bo Uwfnl to fiaa ia 

tho kng^ lafaaaa to aaawar, tkaaa baing 

aadhaapoorpnaaoar.'*^ Wodrowf 


II k BoaiitiiHia opgCad to a tanpar thataaaaotbo 

I olaa^ to a aktttiah horaa, & 

9m Keen, aa denoting a nice sense of honoor, S. 

**I11 stand m anaa haaoar aa UitU aa cay bmb, bat 
IhrtSBaiiiniwirybloodahad.'' Bob Boy, lii 24. 

9. Sqneamiah, applied to the conscience, S. 

— -** Boaalvo jroa aithar to aotiaiy tha ehareh,— or 
If foar ooaariiBoa ba ao UMfe, aa it cannot pannit 

thai day. 

■Mko for aaothar had batwizt and 
yo amy aaa fra^ 


m yoar 
Ja. VL'Ib LbMl to tho Ebri of Haatlio, Spolswood, p. 

10, Yeiationsi implying the idea of danger, S. 

hk MUSk tfaaaiL whaa Amb aia yarring, 
wAo ao thoi^t aqiiu 
fi Aiànms r. hmi9 MtttM r §, p. vL 

— Lit M aa vhafa paat 

a Bad aM. aka faar a J»<ffa caat 

Xmmtaft Potm$, 0. 100. 

tha biMtad haath 

▲ fila aaoBBBTlitltft gikU 
Ha ana aa HaOovaiB. 

IVaia'a Mmadmim Mum, p. 60, St 

I aow. gadowifa, I ouaa rìda^ to aat to tha 
or it bo daih, for yoar Waata haabataAiM^ 
-VyakaayoaiBatt.* Gay Maaaaring, ii. 13. 

11. Used in a peculiar sense hj Bums; [diffi- 
cult, not apt] 

-Pat «p yoar whittfo, 

try Iti mattk ; 
d Daidlft 

Tfli BO daaigBV 
Batif Idi^Iwad 

To ba Biiilaai'd ; 
I wad aa fldad it, no that ipittla 

IB. A 

12. Sharp; aa applied to an angle^ Aberd. 
It ia not used, however, in the strict mathe- 
matical sense of aetUe ; for an angle may 
be obtuse, and yet (as ia expressed) owra 

KiTTLE-BBEEKS, f • pL A term ajpplied aa a 
nick-name to a person of an irritable temper, 

KiTTUMTBipa, a. pL A rope with a noose 
at each end, into which the feet of a per- 
son aro put, who ia placed across a joist or 
beam. JBtia feat ia to balance himself so 
exactly, (and it is rather a KuU attempt), 
as to be able to lift something laid bef oro 
him with hia teeth, without being over- 
turned, Boxb* 

Kimix TO acHO behind. Not to be de- 
pended on, unworthy of trust. 
— >*'ljit aatiiar oay kaawlagooomo to my lord my 

biotharia aaria, aor yit to Mr. W. B., my lordia an 
padagoff ; ffor my brothar ia ìsittìU to acAo Miad, and 
oar Bookt intarfayBa for fair, and tha Tther will dia- 
Boado wa fro oar parpoaa with raaaonaa of religiooa 
quhilk I ean navir abyd.** Latt. Logan of Baatelrig, 
leta Jo. VL, 1800^ p. 241. 

KnTUE, KiTTLT, adj. 1. Itchy, S. B. 
2. Easily tickled ; susceptible, sensitive, S. 

*«MrB. Gorbala— aaamad to jealooaa that I waa bound 
on a matrimonial oxploit ; Imt I waa not ao kkily aa 
aha thought, and aould thola bar proga and jokea with 
tha graataat plaapanwi and oompoaura." Tha Staam- 
Boat»p. laS. 

[3. Easily roused or provoked, Clydes. 
4. Troublesome, difficult, dangerous, ibid.] 


among young people, in which a handker- 
chief Doing bidy one is employed to seek it, 

It ia tha aama fluna that In aoma parta of tha oonn- 
try ia callad KUtUe-t^w. AU tha ployeia, bbtb tha par- 
Bon who hidaa, ahnt thair ayaa till tha liandkarehiaf, 
gloTB^ or whatarar ia naad, be hidden. When the taak 
of hiding ia ftniabed, the hidar criea, KUiUe-how, or 
KiaUe-eouL Then erary una attempta to find it. Tha 
only informatioo that ia given by the peraon who baa 
hid it, ia that ha eriaa OM/ when the aeeker ia far off 
from tha thing hidden, and Not / when he ia near it. 
When Tary near, it ia often aaid Yt*rt btazing Ì q. burn- 

^*The tarma of koi and cold, uaed in the game of 
KiUiie'Cimt, Ao., aa they an often heard in the play- 
gronnda, maat awakaa tha moat pleaaing raeoUaetiona 




pMlbMiL** BiMkw. Mag., Aig. ia21, II. 87. 

OmU MOM origiwJly to hmy àmouà thm puma 
iii^loywl to Mtk, doMimiaadi fitn the Ti^ 
ttnuLji itapiditTi in tiM na* mum of g^uJ^l^.. 

KtRUNO, «• 1. A tiddiiig^ S. 

••Ob tho bffl^ H*wthonindo-.I fint nw tho fm 
5^«»«y* »« w«»-* kind o' AiWfti^, • Mrt o' 
v^iUiog ia m J blood lik«^ tlHit I 

l2a?of mA ^' *»- P«^* o'a .pMr." 

S. Someihiiig that tickles the fancy, Ayrs. 

•^^ ^ 1<^ «Pb «» 7« bo booiti too ?' and tho 
PpMid to the steins in tho fimament with a jocosity 
thslWMlnstaiJttttivtohssr.'' Bkmmhtm/t, p^^Si 

[&• A stirriii^ np^ excitement; also, a scold- 
ing a lepnmand, a heckling Clydes.] 

KITS, #.02» The name given to the public 
Jakes of the Oiammar-echool, AbenL 
Ar. flirffMr, to void t 

KETTT-WREN, f. The Wren, S. Motta- 
dlla tro^od jtes, Lin. 

BXTTK A phrase used in Ajrrs^ as signify- 
ing ''Get yon outof the way." GL Surr. 
AjTBn P. 690. Also pion. Kiitie. In 
Aberd. JGfi^tf. 

^IMsisteMsd to Tt. firitt^, to wM. to withdnw 
noB^toqait; nnpsnft. ^iiitfeB. 

[EIUNNIN,s. A Babbit, (cunicnlns), Shet. 
Dn. bmijn^ Dan. and Sw. ioim, id.j 

POURKASUCKEN.. V. Kikkasuckkn.] 

KIVAN, #. "A covey, snch as of part- 
ridges;'' GalL EncycL V. Kiym. 

KIVE, «. Apparently, a mash-tun. 
-J! '?^5"*^^i?'* "• ""^ P'^ »**»• ground, ow 

S"* ^J^ (msshing.«riitends.- ^Ki^'s 8. 
Rev., p, SOllL 

I havo not not with this wotd sa J wh«M oIm. 
ToKIVES,v.a. To cover, Lanarks. 

nio woid ooenn ia tho £|/e ^ FtfyOiic*. "And 

2Lw JT^T^ ViigiHns kifmd tho hols sg»yno 
with tho boudo otoss.** 

Knm, •• A covering of any kind, ibid. 

KiyhJLlvJJK, f • A numerous collection, a 
crowd, properly of low persons, Lanarks. 

Ito woi^ hM obrioaslT bssa Isft by the Stntelydo 
Wolshofthisdbtriet. C.Kcyi«tfàw,toiainoJm. 
po^y. CifmM in lifco auymsr dsootM m f nend, sn 
MMoists; qfvaU, motchMl, or joinsd togsther ; cyea/fai, 
' to auteh or oonnset with ; cyvotf saw, to msks oo- 
oqnsl t cyoloiik being nttved in concord : from eyv, • 
pnAx in composition, sqnirslent to E. com end con, in 
OMMOTf sad cemMef. l)io Utter pert of the woidmsy 
io ftoM Inaw^ to osbm to Ìow, q. *<> ««»>« •^ a^^l 
totsthsri or sQiod to 


KIVIN, «. A collection of people, a crowd 
promiscuously gathered together for amuse- 
ment, a bevy, Teviotd. rThe term is also 
appli^ to a flock of bixds, as, a Idoin o' 
pairtrikS| a covey of partridges, Ayrs.] 

This sssms BMn^ a con*, of Ca^jfme, a ooafoatioa. 
V. nador CoinjTif& it most bs oriffuisUy tho soma 
with O. B. covin, cooìm^ **a deoeitfal smemeat 
betweea two or more,** Ao. Coeyne, m aoea by oar 
writer^ is STÌdently from 0. Fr. covin, coaToatioa 
sserete, concert; Lsoomb^ SnppL, p. 11& 

To EIZEN, Eeibik, v. n. To shrink, espe- 
cially in consequence of being exposed to 
the sun or drought, Ayrs^ Benf r. 

The grsfe, gieet i^vtton, iwiUowi a' 

Bat ne'er will svsUow me : 
Mrbimuimg oorpe meet ^^^ff^ hsQg 
upon s fdlowB trea 

IVsM'e /MmsI itnerto, p. 06i 
ThMt me whs'^s grown sold end hnMnt 

Poant ta .Sn^, aoo<c*» and Xolin, p. 101 

•• JTteid; dried ap^ North." Gioso. V. Ono. 

[KJDfSIE,!. A fellow, Shetl.] 

[EJODES, a<fy. Kind, fond, caressing, ibid.] 

(To Ejodbr, v. o. To caress, to fondle, ibid.] 

[KliAA, #• 1. A little vicious, ill-natured 
person, ibid. 

S. An injury by rickness, ibid.] 

[To ELACHT, v. a. To seize hold, Shetl. 
V. Claucht.] 

[Elaoht, $. A grip, a firm hold, S. Y. 

KLACK, #• The name given to a fishing* 
ground that is near the. shore, ShetL; as 
opposed to Haft which denotes that which 
is distant. IsL klakkr^ a rock. 

[To KLAG, V. a. To lick up, as sponge or 
soft cloth licks up wet or dust, Shet.J 

[KIjATK,^, Barnacle, duck-bamacle, (Z«pa# 
anati/erajf a kind of shellfish found on wood 
which has been long in the sea, ibid.] 

[KLAMOOS, Elamoz, 9. Outcry, loud 
noise, Ayrs., ShetL] 

[ELASH, V. and «. V. Clash.] 
[Klasher, s. Y. Clasher.] 

[To ELAT, V. n. To prattle, chatter, babble, 
ShetL Y. Clatteb.] 

[Elat,«. Prattling, babbUng, ibid.] 

[ELATSH, «. A slap, as with the palm of 
the hand, ShetL Y. Clash.] 

[ELEEBIE, «• A heated stone plunged into 
buttermilk, to separate the curd from the 







whitfm Tbfè eatà ìm pvecimtated« uid ii 
cdbd Mnumlk; the whey wben mixed with 
wttler k eaUed Mmd; ShetL] 

[KLEEK, JE&jBiK, i. and V. Y.Cleik.] 

[To KLEESTER, «• a. To daub or amear 
Witt fliiid or the like, Cljdes., ShetL] 

[KLEEVINS, f. ToDffs; also <<femonim 


ÌBlera^edob'' ShetL 

[KLEIFIT, adj. Miserlj, stiiigj, ibid.] 

KLEM; o^f. 1. Unprincipled. Y. Clem. 

p. Snoerfecti badljdbiie, not of mnch worth; 
appified to work and things, Ayn.] 

[KIiETT.«. A bfigr clil^ Shet. Y.Clbt, 

[KLIEK,«. A hook, ibid. Y.Cubik,«.] 
[lb KuBK, V. a. Y. Olbik, «•] 

[KUKKIT, parL adj» Snatched awajr from 
tiie hand, ShetL Y. under Olbik, v.] 

KLINT, $. A rongh atone^ an oatlying 
ateni^ Tweedd. Y. Cuirr. 

U. MirfiT, nmai aftri tmmlniin% ViMraL i npat, 
lyaliMb O. Aadr. i 8b.-0. libii; Mopolni, wtez 
aoni coBotUofii ; abo iM» wUeli Dm Tiewt m iha 
«1%^ lom of th« WQfd, tiM SiredM liATÌQg ioMTlwi 

KLIPPEBT,«. A shorn sheep, S. 

•*I WM flaj'd tlMt ih» bad teWthA irft«ioo.fim aa' 
UikilafMBppar» fi^ iIm ■hadder'd fik« a Hgjperl 
la acMdd day.* _ Jovia. from London, p. 7. 

rCLIV-OiENa, «. A srMt erowd in mo- 
^ ShetL] 

[KUYYEN, Mfi. a4r . Cloven, ibid. IbL 
Uam/f a hoof.] 

^LLAUCH, a. 1. The act of besmearing 
or hfanirin|^ Banffs.] 

f • The act of working or acting in a filthy, 
iÌBgaatìnf mumer, or of hanming a liqmd 
« or semi-liqnid substance so, ibid. 

S. The act of handling anythin^^ or of nurs- 
ing oreimuch, ibid. 

4.. The act of expectorating^ ibid. 

5. A person who is unskilful, and of dirty 
habita, ibid.] 


[To KnULUCHi «• a. and n. Used in all the 

- aenses of the «., and oenerally spoken in 

disgoat or contempt, l^art. pr. tìlamchùC^ 

used also as at. with the first four meanings 
of Ulaueh ; also as an adi^ meaning unskiT- 
f nl and of dirty habit, ibid.] 

[Ellauohib, adj. Slimy, filthy, ibid.] 

[EiXAUOK, $• 1. Idle, silly gossip, ibid* 

2. An idle, silly gossip, ibid. 

8. Used in all the senses of kUauchj but ex- 
pressing less disgust, ibid.] 

[To Kllauok, v. o. and n. 1. To gossip, ibid. 

2. Used in all the senses of kllaueh^ v. ibid. 

3. Part. pr. klhttietin\ used like part. pr. of 
tUauehj with the additional meanings of 
gouip^ act of gossiping f given to gossip^ ibid.] 

[KLOOKIE, adj. Canning, artful, cautious, 
ShetL U. klokligr, Sii.'Q. kick, id.] 

[EliUMBUNG, «. An ill-shapen 

[KLUMP, V. n. To make a noise in walk- 
ing, as if with clogs, ibid.] 

[KLUMPSIE, V. a. To silence, ibid.] 

[KLUNSH,«. A lump, ibid. Germ. HuiiscA, 
Sw. UunSf id.] 

[ELUBT, s. A lump, a clod, ibid.] 

(To Elubt, 9. a. To daub, to defile, ibid.] 

[ELUSH, s. A clumsy fellow; a fuU-built 
ship ; anything clumsy, ibid.] 

[ELUYIE, s. The claw of a hammer, ibid.] 

[Eluyib-Hammer. «. A claw-hammer, ibid. 
IsL iUor/o, to split] 

[ELYMUfiWiCE, s. A small candle, a 
taper, ibid.] 

To ENAB, V. a. To beat, Selkirks.; the 
same with Nab. 

— — I cars not for hif fwofd ; 
rUnuah italltoptooii, tinial Obow 

M9§if» Jh9m, IWIh^ tt. fi9L 

Enab, «• A severe stroke, Ettr. For. 

"Sore am I that I BOTor na aio a atraik faarnnm^ 
nor ana wi* aie flnod wiU. I oinna think that I Java 
hia helmet^ but I gave him afck — ainaò on the temple^ 
thftt he waa atoondit^ and feU aa dead aa n atana nt 
mirhocae'a feet." Perib of Man, iL 241. 

Thia ieema to be the same with Knao^ althoo^ the 
latter ia generally need to denote n alignt atroke. The 
word moot neariy allied ia 8n.-U. kiuSepp, Dao deno- 
tata iotnm nempe et aonitnm iotna ; ut aolent haeo duo 
aaepe in nnn vooe oonjongL Knaq^p-a, reaonare et 
f enre ; Belg. iaiapp-m ; lore. 

ENAB, s. 1. One who is wealthr in a mid- 
dling line, who possesses a small independ- 
ence ; a term ot ten applied to those other- 
wise called UuU lahras^ S. 




«— If fM fllUNMt for BM to tpMT, 

^rn il fo« wmI wI' dovghiy geer 
Ibtl dite ftiMÒèi, or ktida mAv WMT.** 

S. It !■ used as equivalent to leader or generaL 
Hence the Translation of Ajax's speech, 
bom Ovid's Metamorphoses, is entitled, 
**A]aa^s speech to the Grecian Knabher 
The term seems to correspond to Dueu in 

CoBMdwtifiMflf, àe. 
I muk tht vogiM, I RhaMos faU'd, 
la' Us teiMt ta his tent. 

CkOL Inofty pii«r nobilit. IsL imapar, Tiilgiis 
■oliiliuB. Tliej are dutingaished from hnslwndiiiini. 
Am im^M Mm ooncler ; am well tlie lower order of 
■obOitjt •• hinbandmen ; Bygn. Leg. VereL Ind. 
Ihii it ovidently s eeoondaiy teiiae of IsL Sti.-0. 
Iwjn, funiiliia mUcqi honOFAttor. Fkom the nuik of 
Iho peteons whom they aerred, they had gradnaliy 
~ a lort of reflected nobility. Thisia thereaaon. 

To KNACK, Kkax, v. a. 1. To tannt, to 
mock, to sneer. 

ytrhapà, why the term came to signify noblea of an 
mtekir dag^e, and at length, noblea in generaL 

Mo^mtm 004 knape war kan itiad. 
AnUens at Nobilis Olioo erat 

Ghvon. Bhythm. ap. Oira^ va SUA 

Kitabbt, Ejiabbish, adj. 1. Possessinffinde- 
pendence in a middling line, S« Y.Knab. 

The hMds o' mooy a kmatKe laird 

War trainin far the ahamblee ; 
am' browif d the hardly apriogan braird 

Vaag nthlais thorae an' bruoblei. 

Fkkm's pQtmt^ 1788» p. 178L 

II ii to ha ohaerrad that Kwab^ aa a «., ia need in a 

p. Genteel, neat, spoken of one who dresses 

rather above his station ; pretentious, Ajrs. 

InoUy, knchbiiky are also used.] 

, «• The lower class of centry, pro- 
perly snch as eoet^airds who cnUivate tneir 
own properfy, or who live on a narrow 
income, Ajrrs* 

**Tha awaping o' the oonrt,~and the peetiefn' aait 
whiQL the lonk apak thereawa, soon cart oar kmArie 
tjaa a' that anncient greeshoch wbilk they had for 
ttair forbaara." Edin. Mag.» Apr. 1821, p. 351. 

KNABBLICK, adj. Expl. «« sharp-Dointed,** 
OL ; applied to small stones or peboles that 
have several angles, and which either start 
from nnder the foot, when one treads on 
thenu or bruise it, S. B. 

«-~ O^iT a knaèNifk ttaae. 
He nuabl'd down a rammage glyde. 
CarifAaat BoTing, Sbimm^$ Mite. FmL, p. 127. 

▼• Km&ocs. 

[KNAB-KNOP, $. The knoop of a hill, a 
protuberance, ShetL 

HaldonoB axplaina naM aa a amaU hill, which ia 
■nbahly the origin of the fiiat part Dan. hu>p^ Sw. 
mo^n^ a knob.] 

[KNABSI£,«. A short, stout, athletic per- 
son ; applied also to an animal, ibid. Dan. 
inqs a button.] 

Bot this kyiig Bdward all wytii gawdy^ 
~ Itobsit the BrwB wyth flrawdia. 

Vyntems viiL 10. 174 


Fsst SoUt about ana nvltitiide of ymug TWrfaais. 
Qysiy to hmok and poll the prisoners. 

Hald on thy wayis ta halst, Aseaaeas said. 
Thy ssif to loif knak now scoraefiiUy 
Wtth pranda wordis al that standis the by. 


•'Xnadto; sneapsd;* OL WestmorsL 

[Eyidently in thia aenae tnaek ia need in the old 
rhyme common among boyaandgirla in Avrahire, when 
pulling each other to find which hand holda the article 

Kneerie, kneevis, nick knmek. 
What haa' will ye tak t 
Tsk the richt or tak the wtaag; 

[2. To answer wittily, to make fun of; as, 
^Te canna maister him, he'll tnaek 70 at 
eveiy word,** Ayrs. 

3. To talk in a lively, pleasant manner ; to 
relate, narrate, Clydes., Banffs.] 

"IsL moMg-ia, Germ, scknak-m;'* OL Wynt. 
Oerm. adUoMi, indeed, signifies, to utter Jests; 
tehmak, a droll ; wehiakitk, memr, pleaaant» (feati- 
▼na, Waehter;) Sw. maekt a lable; snaeM, to 
chat ; mutekttk^ a droll, àc ; and it moat be ad- 
mitted, that i ia aometimea prefixed, and at other 
timea omitted, in worda of Gothr derivation. Bnt 
I am not satiafied that thia ia the origin. The term 
may be allied to Tent, iaidb-aiy nntara, nictre; 
aa thoae who mock others, often nod and 
wink, in carrying on their aport. But perhapa the 
supposition made by Tyrwhitt, aa to the •., is more 
natural, that— it " seems to have been formed from 
the knocking or mapping of the fingers, used by jug- 

Knack, Kkak, s. pron. nacL 1. A taunt, a 
gibe, a sharp repartee, S. 

Te caosit sae. this Tohime to endite, 
Qoarethrow I haue wrocht my self lic spite, 
Peipetoaly be chydit with ilk knak. 
Fall weiU I knew, and mokkit behyad my bak. 

Ihmg, Virgil, 4S1, SI 

2. A trick, a joke, a clever or witty saying, S. 

— ^Van Charon stood and raoght 
His withered loof out for his fought— 
Hie Miser, Isag being us'd to tare, 
Vsnd this sod wadaa pssssgs craTS ; 
Bat shaw'd the fenymaa tikmak, 
Jumpt in, swam o'er, and hain'd his plaek. * 

^È Foeau^ iL 4S6L 

[3. Skill, ability, craft, S.] 

" We uae the word buMck for a wittv ezpressioa or 
action 1" Budd. But it more generall;^ includea the 
idea of something eeyere and satyrical ; in which aenao 
it ia also used by Chaucer. 

"Rygfate eo comforteth the TÌUainoua wordea and 
knackeM of japera hem, that travatle in the aenrioe of 
thederiL" Parson's T., p. 903» a. V. thea. 

Knackett, od/. Self-conceited, S., pron. 
naeiet^ ; either from Knaet^ or Naeketf q. t. 




KXAOor, ac|f. Hie aama with Ekactg^ 

A fcurlyjoiki, wT ■fath •fgh^ 

«i ^A penon wbo talks quick, 
■nppiiby and ever ehattering;" GhlL 
. EoefcL y. EiTAOKT. 

bAOKTy a4f* (jsmtu naekj/^ 1. Sharp-witted, 
fnek at repartee, S. 

Hi «M iMtt fMMAv Im Us WIT. 

S. Pleaiant, livelj, amiisui^ SL . 

•« A iMMly aMD, wil^ and fMNlkmi ;** Badd. 
Sw Ligaoioiia and entertaining; aa, a naefy 


vltt Ok thii« t]iM> miek and ouit ;~ 

Wmtrnfomw tkhotmr matbfi 


4. Skilfiit conning* crafty, S. 

Xmamàx^ Nackxt. Y. Naoket. 

Ta. KKAOK, e. a. and m 1. To make a 
hanh sound with the throat, somewhat 
wianHiiig the clinking of a mill, S. A. 

f3L To strike with a sharp blow, to beat; as, 
«*He took the stick and knaekU him weel^'' 
OtjdsSi, Banffk 

5. Tà snap, to crack, to break; as, *'He 
ÌMdU the stick o'er his knee," ibid.] 

Kwaflg, «• 1* The soond described above, 
as made bj the throat, S. A. 

p. Avf diarp noise of striking^ snapping or 
hraalan^ ClTdes., Ban£Fs. 

S. A sharp blow, a snap, a crack, ibid.] 

[Kwammr, fMrl pr» Used also as a s., with 
aame meanings as Knack, bat implying a 
oaatinnatiflo of the act or sounds mentioned, 

[Ehaokuii^ a. A rather severe, sharp blow, 
or the sound of it, ibid.] 

[KAAF, Khaivt, EirATE, # . Lit knave ; a 
bov; pL bu^ bovs; ibunT child, a male 
dbiid, Barbour, viiL 508, siL 693, Skeat's 

KNAO, a. [A knob, a projectiim; a pin,J a 
wooden hook fiied in the wall, on wluch 
doAes, Ac^ are hung. It is very often 
one of the upper growths of the Scottish 
pÌM^ which is fastened to the joist of a hu^ 
the bnaches senring as so many pegs. 

n« sadaniB bp to Ui Imid eUymon^ 
' ' ^\hm kmaa mUa tÌM nMÌr. 

a. 171. 

lbs tarn ii aaod in S., hot in a diffBnnt mbm ; 
m dflBOting *«a hud knot in wood." This is th« 
■iyijficstion of Teat. bioeAi; biaehe^ htocke* Jhm 

KvAOOiB, adj. 1. Having protuberances ; 

Bwted like a rock, of an uneoual surface ; 
L Shirr. Thus it is applied to a bare- 
boned animaL 

^Tlioa'i bnwit-lMekll, now, tn* huiffgit, 
**Aa09y, knotty ;* UncMh. T. Bobbtna. 

2. Tart and ill-humoured in conversation; also 
biaggii, Fife, Cljdes.; q. having many biag9 
or sharp points. 

Bvt now npittft tho OifBllv, 
Ho oonld no lonmr fpeoch IbriMir ; 
Tkdr kmaggU talking did up boimo him, 
Ihiir aliaip wSoctiom dkl much wirm him. 

KirAOLZB, adj. Used in the same sense with 
Xiuiggief having manj protuberances, S. 

KNAO, a. The name of a bird found in 

*' In thMo fomot% and in all thii oforinoo^ tlior io 

Kitoro ol— dowoi^ otaorM or stiriiittip laifigigk or 
wUch is s fooll lyk vnto a paioket^ or Domt, 
wiìi4th mnko dUoo for hor noot with her beck, in toe oek 
trie." Qordon'e QeneeL Hist SutherL, p. 3. 

The woodpecker ie meet probably mean^ from Sn. -G. 
fnaa"> to annw, or Den. kiuMeek'€r, to enok ; ee it ie in 
Sw. esDed lodfc-jptib, from Aaeè-<L lecerep beoanae it onto 
the bsfk of traei with iti bill. 

EINAO, f • Apparentlv svnon. with EL Keg 
or Kofff a small barrel, Aberd. 

—To dock oar drouth's e knaa o' berry brown. 
Which Symmie ooft lest glomm i' the town. 

llwrs/f Fomn§t p. & 

* * Aao hmag of ▼inecsr [Tinegar] impate in the odiip. ** 
Abeid. B^, Gent. IS. 

KiTAOonB, a. 1. ^A ca^ a small cask,** 
Shirr. 01. Aberd. 

S. A small wooden vessel with a bandle, Ettr. 

KNAOOBi, a. A disagreeable taste, S., 
biiggumf id. Fife. 

**It teeted eweet i' yoor moo, bnt im enee it wee 
down yoor wiaen, it bed en n^y knaggim,*' Jonnal 
from London, p. S. 


Kna^atiea ooS miskaewis himsell, 
Qnhsn he jettis in a ftorit goon. 
Ptdd^ CojfeiM, Bammairu PotmM, p. 171* St & 

KntuKUkk, Everg. ii. 220, denoting one of low origin, 
who bee been in tbe etotion of a servant, from b»aif^ 
knare. Shallweenppoee that the bet part of the word 
ie lonned from 8a.-tf. a$U, otto, family* raoe; q. of a 
kw-boni laoe T V. Bnoir. 




To KNAP| KiTAP, «. a. and n. [1. To 
■nartlj; ai, ^^AMpthe nail on the heady** 

>• To hteak ahorti to clip ; as, <<Hit it hard, 
an* ÌMp it thxoogfa,'* ibid* 

8. To Uta qniddy^ to eat greedily; as, *<I 
was hnngiT, 9Xi*hunmtm the calce afore he 
cam' hamob'' ibid, ShetL] 

4. To cKp words by a false pronunciation; 
otf to ^peak with a brogue. To ibiq> sud- 
4mM^ lA, to speak like the Souihnmi^ or 
those who live South from S., to speak sf ter 
the English manneri S. 

àad m^fUk Aadmr, whokM tkUl 
lb JhM» ai cfwr wonl ao w«IL 

ir«teM'« CUL» L 19, SOL 

MCWKiMjMBMtiM FyftwM slyre, qaU hering 
«M of Us sabkelis htap muUrmuiu, daobrit him mm 
Ininri qoliiddarTaUA btdaoUn yon triple tnitorii, 
oalMBBi oalr hiappi$ mniamm in your negRtÌTs ooa- 
Mi0B» bol also hat osoait it ba imprantit at Londoo, 
ia sosSasMlof ooriialÌTa langnaaa ? " Hamiltoaa'a 
QaislioBia to tU MtniatariaTNo. ll 

Uki HtfUaal ladf'a AMMfaf apaa^aa.^ 

CUaira iKdk^aas L 89L 

FwWm frosi Tank Attlpp-aw, to eltp : aa to s vulgar 
asr ia &, «as who maaka with tho B. aooant aaama 
to s bhi of iat a tho wioroa ; or a aofaah. naaof £. ìmux 
toUtobtohivakshort. ^^ 

9 su A sharp stroke; also^ the sound 
mads hj it, 8. 

thakdy lata tor papto 
Soti a jiMipi 

> A ffm.^ p. 71 

«r wind frooa bahiad, as tha Ptot. 
7 fay Kallj, pu MI. 

Puup-IOB-ITAUOHT, f • A name given to a 
cake or any morsel of food so small as to 
f ocm only a mouthful, Orkn.] 

KNAP| a. L A knob, a protuberance^-S. 

••B is a food trao ttat hath aaithar ibM^ nor gaw ;" 
a PtofT. <«n«o li aothiag altogathar perfect.'* 


fafadiaa mt in toaaAi' maad. 

Aaop aad faiaa aadlaa aweat ia aiaunar daad. 
Vfta ^ 


p. A stout thickHwt person, BanflFs.] 

4» JSm^ </fiU ^<Nf•q^ the middle stones in a 
street^ Aberd. To hup ih^ knap of the 

' saasqfyUsed in the same metaph. sense with 
iiipiwjy the erowm of the eau$eyf ibid. 
. U. isnpp r, hmopp^, g|ob«ln% oopot 

{Kmatdodgil, s. Anything stout and short, 
tiwnrffrfftt is also usecL BanfFs.! 

{KMAFDOmLMf #• A large piece of any solid 
snbstance; kmxpdariak is the augmentative, 

KNAP, •• Some sort of wooden vessel, S. 


Var all tha old ara flaaad into atapii 

8a.-0. UL knofp^ ^obalna. 

KNAPE, 9. 1. A servant; especially a 

Bot atoopa ara aaadad, tato, aad paila, aod toop^ 
ViUt^ /Wr, Voaiia ifiv.. /on. 1821, pi 4SS. 


The (rahilk atadia aehapla at all daUta, 
laoaoit fèr tto aaaw ia cnT' 
MOfM aad vaili 

m aad 

Am^ FtrvO, 40SL IS. 

tto aaaw ia cnUoor qohitaL — 
biapù aad vailc 
Aboot tha jm atada, ftd yo] 

biaay toopw aad vailotia orUa aUbO 
at taaTm atada. ftd yape aad aaraiabiL 


2. Used as a contemptuous term, as we now 

SMv^p aW(pa^?we 




ThaoM did hiai ahyda s O oafeyoa witlaa tooM^ 

Qohat vaait thoa ear haadia tyl aachapaf 

'lkm§, VwgU^ SS7. 10. 

to bo Still rotaioed bjr tho boya of 
tho Hi^ School of Bdinbnrgh; aa they oall one '*a 
qoear napp" or "ibiaa/' who is a aort of qaio, or ia 
lowSL. '«anoddfiah.^' 

A.-S. crnapcL, Tent toapf, hiah, parrnlnap poor, aer- 
▼na ; wheaoe Qena. knapp, aarms val aodaa opifieia. 
Thia ia the origin of B. Haoe, whioh originaUv aigai* 
fled OMral J a aarrant. Can thia have any amnitr to 
Tool Aac^ alaoar, agjQia, oeler t Radd. and othero 
dorifo Anc^Modb from SfuiM; a aarrant, q. " a aaok to 
pat a SoBldier'a or Trarouer'a proriaioaa ta, which waa 

probably oairied by hia aerraat or boy." Bat Kiliaa 
randttaa Tea*, jfnojaadt; para ia qaam eibnai dinnnm 
raooadit viator, froaa toapp-ea, to eat ; whanoe bnapp- 

V. Ijiaw. 

KiTAPPABBy «• A boor, a meniaL 

Qahat bane to then hi bad wtth hade (tan of baia f 
Qnithit Ma aam toopporv, aad aa thy gn^ gardia, 
Laifcaad lyto aaa loagaoora t 

Dmtg. VirgO^ 8SS, il 86l 
y. KvAPi. 

[KNAPHOLTIS, Enappaldis, i.pL Oak 
battens or staves, Accts* L, H. Treasurer, 
YoLL p. 285, 278, Dickson. V.Enappel.] 

KSAFFARTS,9.pL Wood, or heath pease, 
S. B. Capercdwef CarmyUt^ or AtWe, S. 
A. Orobus tuberosus, Lmn. 

Ia tho Highlanda, tho taberdaa of tho roola are 
fpaatly aotaoned ; ia the Lowlaad% childraa dig them, 
eailiag thaoi liqaorioa^ which th^ aomewhat raaemblo 

Tto baat of Uqaoriea othar aoQa p to d aoa, 
' laltoÌaÌÌBÌortottotocsfyfrte'jaice. 

DQMf a ^loaai^ pi 18. 

«« rai9!pcrCf ia a root that taataa liho fiqaoriooi bat 
ia mach aweeter." Koto» Leydea'a Book Deaoript. 
PoeaM» p. 119. 

Aa theaa ara maeh dag ap» heaoe tho proverbial 
p hra ee , 'TU gar year ais [aoae] hole biappariè,** I'll 
kaock yon down on yoor aoae ; Aberd. 

Parhape fru Tent knapp-€Ht mandare^ and teorfe, 
adrix, q. a root for ohewio& an edible root ; or Sn.-0. 
tooppb ooaroop aoanty, and oeit, herb^ o. the root of 
acaret^. Sa.-G.eri; aert^ however, aigofiee peaao. 
Henoo the aamo of thia root: wUderier. It ù alao 
called lraa-€rler» q. the peaao fed on by crrnet. Thia 
ia endaatly a aamo of Qoth. origia : aad aeona to 
iadicato that the Qotha kaaw ito aae not leaa than tho 
OaltiL ▼. Camàmeujl 





KNAPPEL, $. The name giTeii to the 
•tefei of oek brought from Memel, Dant- 
aek, or «17 Dleoe in what 11 called th§ 


of good aad ramoient new 
lor wiieb tk«y#tlMll bs «itw«ralil«, withoat 
and wUlt-wood.** Aoto CIul IL» 1661, e. 

I w dft ih iMf^pIt, oontCTMid zziiii. 
it twm Imì. /Iml mm handreth 

" Bftlfoar's 
to b« Applied to ttoTaa, and 

to plaalLB. (In Oikii. and 81i«tL, kmtppel is 
ghw to a dick. loviid ilick. V. OLl 

Tk» ktaid to ba Hi MOM io Norway. ItiaaUied 
pwbapa toM. I w a j y r. rigidai^ atriotoa, q. hardwood, 

KNAPPEBS^ $.pL ExpL as denoting the 
mast of oak, Ac 

Waddarli. Voeab., pi IflL In 

Tost, faiypai, to oraek, Iroai the 
thaj aaka ; or 8w. iaopr-o, to anaw, aa chil- 

[KNAPPIK9 f. Knocking, striking smartlj 
and continaoaslj' ; also^ me sound made by 

KwAypnr-WAinfieR, s. A hammer with a long 
shaft, for breaking stones into small pieces, 
chiefly used to prepare materials for inakin^ 
or OMnding roads^ Clydes^ Loth.; from E! 
knap, to strike smartly. 

Erafpih-hoi^ s* a term in the game 
of SUnfJiy used to denote the hole out of 
wUdi two pla^rers tiy to drive the ball in 
Opposite directions, Sluif r. 

Wnm Km^ 01, aa àgBÌ^ÌBg to hit onartly. 

KvAPPmH; <K§f* Tart, testy, snappish. 

''Toar apifit ia aa tnoMità and way-ward, that it 
win Ml adait tha moat aolido ooaBÌorta."— Z. Boyd*a 

TrntL fc MMw ta , to hits. 

Inmp^ knob, or protuberance, Ban£Fs. Y. 

$• A stoat, dumpy person or animal, ibid.] 

pùTAFFLTy 'adj. Stout, thick-set, dumpy, 

KNAPSCHA, Ekapishat, Kkapschaw, 
KvAPSKALL, a. A headpiece, a sort of 
liebnet ; pi. inapsoaUif . 

It war fldi BMil, clf H happiais bt weir. 
That aU tUi nrrder dlk war qayt kid dona, 
Aadetongft In jak» Saajwdto, and abiisoun. 

Mmmmm^fm Poems, p. 14S; at S. 

war wont to ryde ftnrth to the weir, 

Wllh Jak aad aweadyieodhMM, knap§eaU, and ipeir. 

L amiami's L^Htnt, FoL 6, bi 

«*lha Bari olOowria faUowed hin within the laid 
ihar, with ana drawn award in orery ono ol 


handa and a hMptekaw on hit head.** Oowrie*a Onn- 
apiraoy, Hiat PMh, p. 236. Thia ia otharwiao ox* 
praaeed ;— *'a ateolo bonnet on hia head ;*' p. aOff. 

"Qnha hea not aoe Aeton and baenet ; ho aall liava 
ana gvdo harbiigaon, and ane gado im jak for hia bodio ; 
and ana im faiapiifaiy.'' 1 SUt Boh. L, o. 26. 

Thia in the llat. ii, nnnm eapUmm do feno ; and it 
ia diitittgoiahed from a basnet. It woold henoo aeom 
that the btojpdbai waa a headpieoo generally worn 1^ 
poraona of inferior rank, perhapa originally by tha 
aanranto of the men-at-arma. Thna it may bo from 
A.-S. enopo, laL 8a.-0. knape, a aerraot, a page, and 
Germ. aeAoi^ akhd, a ooToring, from jMuZ-o, togera ; or 
from akal, pntamen, A. -8. seeala, o. a abelL 

Thia ia periiape what in E. ia oalled the jca^l, which, 
aooordiag to Oroee, ia " a head-piece, withoat viaor or 
bevcr, reeembling a bowl or baeon, each aa waa worn 
by onr oaTaliy, within twenty or thirty yeara.** Hiat 
Ant. Annoor, ii. 243. 

[To KN ARK| 0. o. and n. To crack, to creak, 
to crunch with the teeth, ShetL Dan. 
ibiorie, hnrke, id.] 

ENAKLIE, adj. Knotty, Lanarks. 

—The crathan tapi o' kmofiù aiks 
Gmi doapan' to the gnm*. 

jfitod, Mdin. Mag., OeL 1818, p. 828. 


ToENABP,v. a. To bite, ShetL] 
PB[2rABPy a. A bite, a small piece, ibid.] 
ENABBIE, a. A bruise, a hurt, Aberd. 

laL pner-a, affiricare^ to mb^ Verel. ; q. a hart pro- 
dooed by friction. 

To ENASH, V. a. 1. To gnaw, to tear. 

Nizt come the GoigooU, and the Qiaip, 

Tva Mrftill fools indeid, 
Qoho oaic oft to lick and laip 

The blod of bodies deid: 
Thaaie drogiag aad nigiiig. 

With thair maist croell cloUs; 
flkk haahing, and kmtuking, 

Coau act of eleinile cokii. 

2. To strike, Upp. Clydes. 

laL Anofcft-o, attero, arrodo^ violenter traho; O. 

[Knash, a. A blow, a strokei ibid.] 

ENASHIP, a. V. Exayeship. 

[EN AUPEBTS, a. The Crowberry, (Empe- 
inan nigrum^ Linn.) a plant; also^ the 
fruit, Bfuiffs. ; krauperta is another name.] 

ENAYE-BAIRN, a. A male child. South 
of S. y • Enaw, a. 

" Whn dnrat bay Ellangowan that waa not of Ber- 
tram's blade f and wba ooald tell whether the bonnv 
Aaove-teim may not come back to claim hia ain ? ' 
Qay Mannoriagi ii 15^ 16u V. Jmr, oilv. 

Enayeship, Enaship, a. A small due, in 
meal, established by usage, which is paid to 
the under-miller, S. V. under i^AW, 
Ekaif, a. 

'* Prodaoa wytnoa in Jagement for prewing of the 
aald etatatia 4 vae Jiat thai bed wownt to hef of the 
moltar of ìUl hoU, * qnhat A»aM»i»." Al^ord. Reg. 




To KN AW, KffAwa, «. a. To know. 

Buwiim Bftji IMwms ttuvUt 
▲id WkynrnwadfT mw to diralk ; 
ffoMU M mdi^ wadyr law*, 
Bal tkil lykjBf ffnM tudt AiMiM. 


To Knaw apoms, V. €k To lue judicial cog* 
nisaace of, to judge. 

••Tkè wuns ihak lh« lordk of tha Seanono mOI 
I— iiii|wiif. IatlMftral«lltpoUMÌiNia«^fta, thalordU 
«f tb« Siiriono haifmdo n* powtra to luiaio opoiM 
IhMM «ftir thai the Mid joro bo oatranyn.*' rkrL 
Ja. n., A. 1456^ AoU Sd. 181i p. 47. sU^one^Ed. 
IMd^ wlMfa ilnl nwd aboro. 

. KiTAWLBQS, #; 1. Knowledge, S. B^ Upp. 

S. Trial, eiaminatjon, scrutiny. To bide 
butwlege, to bear investigation^ applied to 
perMma in regard to conduct or integritj in 

^•* Ho «0 oMm Ms BMB oad diaeral ; aad dk M 
bo will OBOWivo lor, tiio qnhOkio ooli buiU knawUge 
Mor tiM kliurgU thai hoif doDO thoir doaoir ot tho ood 
of tbo taiMioiio.'' Ptel. Jo. L, A 142^ Acta Ed. 

To Ehawubos, V. o. To acknowledge, 

—"Ilia aaid priaoaoi haa ooaoidarit aad knawUgU 
Unl ^ahi^ thing tha aaid panooia did in that mattor 
taaohing air, thai dida it of gada aala and motif a^ and 
of mal tnith and laaato^'^aa Fail. Ja. IL, A. 
14M^ AetalEd. 1814^ p. 64^ a. 8. 

KNAW, Kmawe, Sjiaif, Knave, #• 1. A 
male child. 

And thai «ak Mna gat of thair bid 
A Aaaw ohOd, thiow oar Loidit gnoa, 
* Aot afira hya god tldfiidyr ww 
OdljtBobwt; and lyM wot king. 

••Wa aia Ijk na bona ta bawiL 
VotUr Bodin chUd, na Amnm . 

WynlMM, ft la in. 

S. A boj, a male under age. 

— Aa aonrtiAffl and aU ^ laiff 
That war thalrta, bath man and AiMi(#, 
Ha tab, aad griff thahn diipa ndtoj^ 

« _,^ . Awaaar- tUL 008» 

la MB. tema. . 

** A flMBy who haa ana ojna [ovan] of hia awin, ■ tall 
aol hald aub aanrandia nor foor, ria., ana maiatar, twa 
aarvandi% aad ana Anatae." Log. Baig. Balfour'a 
Fkaatiak^ pi 88L •'Ana boj;" flSano, Borr. Uwa^ 

8. A male serrant; Wyntown. 

rnaaa ia atiO naad in thia aanaa in tha 8. Pkar. : 
«*lBriy auMtar, lang kmtve;*' Fargoaon, p. 11, or 
^'aoon hnaTO," aa givaa bj Kallj, who thna axpL tha 
■■aning; " Whan a yoath ia too loon hia own maatar, 
bo witt aqoandar hit patrimonj, and ao mnat torn aar- 
vaat}" pi 88. 

4» ^ A man in the lower ranks of life ; ** Ol. 

Bono hM botn aj aiflit o«t of lifiht, 

' I, p. 141; at L 

Oarm. tmb. diaitar,^:^ paryvUa Pf^^^^^rr 

Ibaa BUMoalia Janioribaa ^-da aama 

KNAWsmp, Kmaveship, of a mill The dues 
given, by those who have grain ground, for 
paying the servants employed about a mill, 
▼nlgarly kneeakip^ S. 

*< Ana ffoa oun or aaa fraahaldar, aan gif forauil. 
Inra al tha aittaa^ tha aaxtaa* vaahall, or tha taantio 
or thrattio, aooording to hia infaftmeat. And matr- 
oaar of tuantia boUaa, ana ftrlot (aa knawtehip.) SUt. 
K. Will, 0. 8, f 2. 

•* Tha nuUiun ia a qoanttty of grain, aomatiniaa in 

kind, and aomatinMa manafaotared, daa to tha 

piopriator of tho mill, or hia t aokaman, tha mnltarar, 
for nuumfaotttring tiM ooma. Tha aegiceCt ara tha 
anudl paroaia of oom or maal givan aa a faa to tho 
aarrantab ovar and abora what ia paid to tha moltnrar; 
and thay paaa bj tha naaaa of ifcaoaMAip (from knaves 
whioh in tho old Saxon laagnaga aignifiad a a^rj^^) 
andof toaaocA^aadi^or^iqMii.'' Erak. InatlL, B. 

iL, T. 8, f 18. 
Taal knaep-tckam, aarritaa, aarfioiaoi, 
Kilian. V. Kwaw, a. 

KNECHT, Kktcht, $. 1. A common 
soldier, a mercenary. 

Qohat Minnydoaa, or GMtooa, Dolopaa, 

Or b^foki wagaonr to eroaU UUÌMa, 

ate matira to rahaia, or Tit till bars, 

ICicht thaym coataaa fra wapiog muny ana tarat 

Xtoty. Fifptf, 88, 43. 

In tha aama aana^ "it ia alwaya naad in a MS. rar- 
aion of tha NawTaatamantb in tha Advocataa Library. 
^TraoeUihtm a§ a good 'knggU i/ CkriiiJe$u, 2 Tim. 
2, 3. Arehip owre eaea kiwgU, Philam. 2." Radd. 
Thia Toiaion la anppoaad to bo WioUfa. 

2. A captain, a commander. 

Ab awith aa tha Bataliaais did aa 
Tha yat opin. thay roachit to tha antra; 
Qaaraana tha fimaat, aad Bqaioolie 
Ana lasty AnadU in anna lieht aemalr. 

Domg. r'upi;^ 802, 8& 

Tha word aa axpreaaad in Frane. kneehi, A-S. cneoAC, 
eMi, primarilj aimifiad a boy, a mala ohild, and waa 
aaoondarily naad for a aarrant. Wacbtar and Ihra 
Tiaw it aa from tha aama atock with Knape. Perhapa 
tha ooaunon origin ia A-S. eneo^ ganaratio^ whioh eneoM 
naarly raaamblaa. 

KNEDNEUCH (eh mtt.), $. A neculiar 
taste or smell ; chiefly applied to old meat 
or musty bread, Fife ; synon. Knaggim^ S. 

Gaal. oiooiilA-aaai, to oonaamaf 

To KNEE, V. a. 1. To press down any 
thing with the knees, Ang. 

2« To make an angle in what was formerly 
straiffht. 7b knee ime^ to bend iron into an 
angmar fonui Ang.; Qience also, kne hedie^ 
bent timbers, Accts. Li. H. Treasurer, VoL 
L, p. 246, Dickson.] 

3. The wind is said to knee eom^ when it 
breaks so that the oom blows clown, and 
strikes rooti by the stalk, Ang. 

IbL Iny-o, nrgaf% adigara; aynon. with Sw. Maj^o* 
8. dwang ; AneMo, flaotara, 8n.-0. Aa^-o, janna flaot- 
ara. Thia ia tba original idaa, from laL £l-0. knae 





HmSil^* Inm ti Mtd fa tfM mm mbm with 

lit Si adj. kmd, wkkk i» apptM to oota. wImh it 

*^ «itl0akl«d, or 1ms jcMBti. 99gm mgnA mm 

i kmaa^whk fiiiuihta Hi ot priao nodo 

To Kmiu 9. «• To bend in the middle, as a 
mil in Deinff driren into tlie waU, Aberd* 

Ue inttnunent in E. called eranif 
^tìm end ef an iron aads tamed square 
dofmit end agun tnmed square to the first 
tnniing mwu^ S* 

KxwM'^AisXf «• A. ehild that sits on the 
knee^ as not being jet able to walk, S. 

KiiSB*iu^ Khxb-iujb, •• A disease of cattle, 
flffseting their joinU, and especially their 
knees^ so that ^ejr rat on them, not being 
aMe to stand, SLy mm fa«i^ and t^ a disease* 

[KKBsaHAli^s. The patda or whirlbone of 
the knee, Shètl, Dan. ibMMÌo^ the kneepan.] 

KNEEF, SiixiF, adj. h Active, alerty 

OCatlli taUMdttdÌB SMB tad UiM, 
Aii^ flii trisrr Bi#v tnd the dtw. 

a^ asks did li^BlIt * 

l^dMlktadlHrMito. ^^ 

lad Ams did WW «1» Am^, I gN(t» 

iLteM'j iV*far Ai&, L S87. 

lbs iHai is wy oflm «Mili«d to pcnooft M rMOTtr- 
iag Ibar tnimilrfm sftar mtw* illnii 

S* Intimate, srnon. with CosA. (/er knee/ sn^- 
gests the idea of criminal intercourse, Tife. 

Haldonoa torpL Id. bm^'^^ foftiib sotr, and MK^-n 
■iBi^ Sflv. vaafT-r, pcoe«ra% is radically the aama. 
U. Im^, Dan. Mv, vobastna; 8a.-C. inafip, 
▼iloac It migiit ba aappoaad that Lat. ffmeunta. 

acti¥% wlMPca Wr. ^ay, iwrfwi, has liads common 

woffda already 

Knxin.Ty EjnsrLT, oAr. With vivacity, S. 

Bat iWn omw SmMt ia Us CKUk 
~~ I ba eanmi flit iMr 

Ma bama ttat day. 

*My pcnA ia p j a rbk a i : 
Wbkb fui tham wwanlimimt aoBM.ebial, 
~ "BMif^ kytbaa in laas gr ^ 

KNEE^, adj. Difficult, arduous, Aberd. 

Sa.^. fcnyji^ diftenltk aanow, strait; knapp iid, 
at BMtMbsiica dilBdla tampua ; Ihra. This 
nitar aodi^ tbat it ia aaad with reapeet to 
wbicb bardly aufficaa. Tba loalaadara, who 
ebaaga k into K aaa AiMp-r, ia tha aama 
ilalis baemdmr dgi mta hueppt ÙI JuiaveUdù ; 
Vsa adao parca patraa *"■**'»*—» conTÌvia ÌDatroiint ; 
Kr. ToBi. I., p. 567. O. Andr. raadaia hmaff-r^ 

[KNEEPLACH, Kksevuich, Enebtlack, 
a» 1« A huge pieces lump, or lot, Ban£Fs. 

2. A knot, knob, protuberance, ibid. Y. 

ENEESmP. Y.Enawship. 

EINEEYICEyO^f* Griping, avaricious, Fife; 
allied perhaps to IsL hnyf^ to grasp with 
the fist, or from the same fountain with 
GnSbj q.v. 

[ENEEVLE, #. and «• Y. Ekbvell.] 

[ENEEYLE,f. Same as ibi«€placA, but im- 
plying a less size, Banffs.] 

[ENE-HEDIS, «. pi Y. under knee, v.] 

ENELL-ENEED, adj. The same with 
Nule^kneedf q.v., Ettr. For. 

[ENEP, V. a. To clench, to lock fast, ShetL 
Dan. tiiapi close, tight.] 

[EInbppit, part. a^. Cloèed, clenched; as, 
^ a ieanpU naev, a clenched fist, ibid. Y. 

lUs phi a aa is not mmnminnn in Ayn. whan it ia 
pfftML ftSfpU^ meem: bat mappi ìb oaad only in oonnae- 
tion witn nesM.! 

To ENET, V. a. To knit timbers ; as^ ''to 
hoH cupples, S. B. 

''Fud to ana wryoht for hndiimg of tha tymmar 
tfaainif.**— '^JTiMlthatymniar." Abard. Bag. 

To ENEYELL, V. a. To beat with the fists, 
to beat smartly; giving the idea of a 
succession of severe strokes, S. 

— *'Twm landUmpara Jvmpit oat of a paat-hag on ma 
or I waa awara, and sot ma dowi^ Mia kmevdUd mo 
aatr anaach, or I ooola gar my wiiip walk aboat their 
Inga." Qny Mannaring, iL 3S. V. Kkvsll^ nndar 

[Enevell, s. 1. A blow with the fist, a 
smart blow; also, the noise made bj it, the 
mark left bj it^ Ayrs.: pron. laiuvU in 

2. A knob, a protuberance; but generally 
applied to the result of a blow, ibid.] 

[Enevsllin', Enevzllan, 9. A sound beat- 
ing, or the marks left hj it, ibid.] 

ENEWELy Enool, $. A wooden pin fixed 
in the end of a halter, and notched, for 
holding by. To hadd the tneufelf to hold 
the reins, to hep the grip, synon. Ang.^ knielf 

Knewd, bowarar, may bara baan originally tba 
with laL knappheUtUi, oompaa aqnonun, aiva Tinoalam 
globolo at laqnao oonnaxum ; from btapp, a knot^ and 
MU, haUd-a, to hold. 

Belg. kneffd, a knot; knevel-m, to pinion. Tent^ 
ftneaeClorcm baataa miiailia, aa originally danoting tba 
thong attaebad to a miiaila waapon. It bean anothar 
aanaa atill mora naariy alliad ; atipaa» f orenla, bac i U n a. 
laL kmme, aodua^ glomn^ g]obna» aaama ^MUcally tha 




XI ibo iiniflM tlM whirl of « iDÌiidle^ (verii* 
dllMMM, O. AiidrO Mid is probably merdy a Mooodary 
MOM of MMM^ intonodinm digitoraiii» tho knaoklo. 

KNIBLE, adj. Nimble, clever, S. B. 

TIm MKf thw oboot h« sto ding diuw ; 
QjM to tbt pUy tbty «p^ aad cUdÌm uid flaa^ 

itai^f JWimwi^ p^ tt. 

8B.-0. Ttnt. Amqi^ alaoor, afllio, odor. Thao it has 
qqpONBtfj tbo HUM origiii with Knetf, 1. q. ▼. 

KNIBLOCHi Ekublach, Enublock, 9. 
1. A small rcrand stone or hardened dod, 

'"-JAo ftOow loot O lÌB. 
lo SIb ht WMB'd with need to tak hw III ; 
Birt M Ittok woi, o ftmoRocA took hie tM, 
▲•d o'or &'• he, Hid tumbled down the bTM^ 

MoÈift Mdmon, p. 68. 

•*lMHHh. teiMidK little IniBM of oook oboat tho 
rinitf OMO 1 Infffrftwe AnoDlMaiL*^ id. QL T. Bobbins. 

t. A knob of wood, S. 

BtottwwnfcmWedl hit hie heel. 
Aid vifis hsd him to hsul up, 

S. ^ A knob, the swelling occasioned by a blow 
or faia,'' Shirr. OL 

[4. A small piece, a bit; as, <^a tniUoeh o' 
cheese,'' Ayrs.] 

8a.-0« IbL AM^p3M^baIas; Bolg.liioòòei;sk]iob^ 

KxiBBLOOKlB, adL Unequal, rongh ; applied 
to a road in wnich many small stones rise 
np and render walking painf ol, S. B. Belg. 
bHM4l'aehtigf knobby, rugged. 

KNICKITY-ENOCE, acfe. To fc! kniciUy- 
kwekf to fall, so that the head is struck 
first on one side, then on another, Ayrs. 

•*Vo to Wl as Jvst is' kmkkiiw knock, tee sido to 
■d% tfll oar hsms sre misttored st the bottom o' tho 
woai^dsspsir,— rUgioyoastosst.'* Entail, iii. 77. 

A woid mssnt to repneent tho sooad msdo by sach 
efillt sad Ibnnsd Ikom S. Aiiodk. 

To KNIDDEB, v. a. To keep under. 

K—m t thon prinos o' leer I 
(Ihtf* te't jq9l'w s gade fee nt) 

1 Wit yon hmddtr'd m and eiir 
Ok oenthag^ o^t oigot 

Ik§ Omund Att t mb ì^ , Pott Mm t tu m , pc 874. 

Tho ssmo with IHdderp q. ▼., which is tho oommon 
. sad tiM prafnablo orthography. 

[To KNIDOI^ V. a. To prera down with the 
knee; implying anger and TÌolence, Ban£Fs.] 

[EInidoe, EifiDOiN, t. A severe squeeze or 
pressure, generally with the knee, ibid.] 

[EmDonr, Knidoan, #. Continuous severe 
pressure with the knee, ibid*] 

KNIDGETT, s. A malapert and mischievous 
boy, or girl, Meama. 

* ShsU ws Tiow it M allied to Tost. inddMNi liMuiMn, 
to bsai^ or Dan. M^er, to rab t 


[KNIFFIEj adj. Smart, clever, agile, Shetl.] 

[KNIPPACH,8. A bunch, a small bundle; 
generally applied to two or three small fish 
tied to|B^ther, ibid* IsL butppTf Dan. 
knippe, id.] 

KNIPSIE, 8. A malapert and mischievous, 
boy or girl, Meams ; synon* KnidgeL 

EzpL as signilyinff *'a little malsoort pereon," Aberd. 

Bid we eappoeo that this term had orioinated from 
the pony i^^poaianoe of the person, it mi^t bo traoed 
to laL In^im*, ounim ot oontraetum oorpos, kmpp^ 
kMpp^ ourare ; if from tho port oonduot of aooh a 
porMm, porhi^ to knapi, poor pedieeqnos. 

[KNIBK, 8. A creaking, jerking ibid.] 

[KNIT, Entt, vret. and pari. pa. Eoiit, 
closely arrayed, closely ranked for battle, 
Barbour, iL 292. V.SkeafsOL] 

[To KNIT, V. a. and ft. 1. To be overcome, 
as with lau^ter, Banffs. 

2. To fill to bursting; as when one takes a 
vezy hearty meal, ibid. ; part. pr. kniUin\ 
used as a 8., a surfeit.] 

[To ENTTGH, Enitsh, v. a. To truss, to 
tie, to bundle, Orkn., Banff.; part pr. biMi- 
ehin\ used also as a 8.] 

Knitch, 8. A bundle, a truss, S.; a bundle 
of straw tied by a rope, S.B. 

O. £. kmjfeeha, s bnndls. 

" Qader yo tomdrs tho tares snd bynde hem togidre 
in Jb^ceAet to be brant.*' Widif, Bfat 13. 

Sw. knyie, a bondle, a f ardlo ; from kitjft^ to tie. 
A.-S. cnyf-oii, id. A.-S. enytt; 8ii.-G. knmi, a knot 

Knitchell, Enitshei^ 8. A small bundle ; 
a dimin. from knitch. 

Twa omie or tbre hee vpolandii MicheD, 
With diipeoMtioanf bound in a kniichiÌL 

Dumbarf Banmaiiftu Poems, p. 86, tt IS. 

In IsL ws find not only ibiyti; fsscicnlQ% biit km^til, 
id., both from ANf<-o» nodare. 

[KNTTTIir, KNITTAIT, 8. 1. A surfeit, 
Banffs. V. Knit, v. 

2. The vulgar pnm. of Newton, in Clydes.] 

KNITTINa,8. •'Tape,S.;'*SirJ.Sinchiir's 
Observ., p. 122. 

ENIVELACH, «. << A stroke which raises 
a tumor;" GL Surv. Moray. 

This is perhaps the same with KniUoek, o. t. m 
8. It might, howevor, be deduced from Sn.-0. na^ 
kna^, the fist^ and tieg'O, to strike, or fay, n Uow. 

KNOCK, «. A clock; S. 

Yonl Biove the Duke our maiter't Oraoe, 
. To pat s kmoek npon oor steeple, 
To shew the boon to coantnr people. 

(Tatem's OdL, L 19. 

«« Th€ kmock Mriku; the olook strikes. Cloek$ aro 
sailed knoekà, in some parts of Scotland, from tho noiso 
they asks.*' Sir J. SuicUir's Observ., p^ 40. 




Itm pmàmA oa 8o«adMr alzl to earn aloirt 

m ^m honk of ^ AmCl to om tUl ooy Iomu 
«illtelh«lowa of Ayr. Md briiur withmetwrff rj- 
MBiUtMd hooMl BMB to bt Muutons for IDT pairto 
honVaioklbriaflHid twoU seUiko ; JproWdMidJwajj 
M IhoM M B» m» bol 94 paiwmw ftUaanorlM for bMth 


IfcMiMM bo B» am bol 84 panoBw J 

^Mm ntei to ak elMA, A.-8. efnegai Almn. ebe, id. 
Iml to AkM. eMAon, efedkoi^ polMre. lomiiuduied 
^- ^ ift M OHM to Id. MoJ^-ML to bo siniek loddoiily 
Mly, oneoiolly m JbolJ» boa tho oenao of 
Kbkk /ompkaL Pteonlsos fait Jooophot ; 

KNOOB^t. A hill, a kaoU, S.; evidently 
^ fipomGhiaL and Ir.cfioc, which Lhayd, Shaw, 

nd Obrien simplj render ^ a hilL*" 


Monooflbtr. Toaaodily. Hoy ob& OlmtrifWL 
■ ^' ^™«««J. Vo«Klf JWief, H. 148. 

«•▼* pMMOidod tfll itt oztraaity WM ovor iha /Moe^ 
* bm bobiad tbt obnrsb." 01oBfoigns» 


^^ww-.**, t. A piece of bread, eaten at 
noon as a luncheon, Damf r. ; j\oaUrhour9 
synon. In Galloway Nacket. 

Moot proboblT from tbo tiio of tho pioooof brood. 
So^-O. isMdfe, globolM. V. NocKW. 

stripped of the husk, by being beaten in 
a hollow stone with a maul, a small quantity 
of water being put into the cavity with the 
barley, S. 


lUs Goal torn b nadontood as onotly oomopoBdiBg 
ia inoo with X. laefl; & Aaoia 

KNOCK, «. A wooden instrument, used by 
tiie peasantnr for beating yam, webs, &c^ 
eoounoolj when bleaching^ Rosb. It re- 
MB&bks a beetle; but is longer, and flat on 
both sides. 

KNOCK o/a TEXT. «* Knocker of a gate f 

bod ia bio OOP or boanot o rip of ooti. 

. . * * o. a A..^ - — 

_ _ bio oin ; oar town*o poodo bi 
libo to tboir booaotti. oad to katt 

to tbo 

onwdU, bvt it wai UttU oofcffOMd 
aoodtbonaioforopfotookion.'^ Spi 

(KNOCK-BEETLE, «• A person who is 
sefecdj beaten, ShetL] 

KNOCKDODOEL, adj. Short and thick, 
Fife. [Used also as an t^ implying any- 
tiuBg abort and thick, Banffs. Y . £lNap- 


i« tho «. Am^ «gniil« to walk ia • itiff ond bob- 

bltaa way. potbMO Aaodk is prefizod oo deootiiig tbo 
■lriBMoftoo»MoaCsiastoocbotbor. Toot. teol». 
bwofor, b tfM oado. 

KNOCKINGK-MELL, f • A mallet for beat- 
ing the hulls off barley, S. 

**lhk wai ia a voiy nido aioaaor ia a otoao-aiortor 
wMl a weodoB moDot, (collod tbo btockiniM^ •^ 
iiidteif liff.) ohaoot ovoiy fàmfly bavrngooo, Agr. 
8arT.2id.Lotb.. p. 101. 

KNOCKIN-STAKE, s. A stone-mortar in 
wUch the hulls were beaten off barley with 
m wooden mallet. The hole in the stone 
waaUke an inverted hollow cone, and the 
nallet was made to fit it loosely, S. V* 

My lafadtbipooB yield om 

Aimaiklo oyoor. 
Afl bod HI in pottaoo. 

Aad good Aioeia< M«r< 


la tbio moaaor borloy woo fonaoriy prapor^ fmr tbo 
potia Aagoo. oad moot probably tbroogboat S.. botoro 
Sm aoeoTBorloy MiUs. 

Tto poio nun pleotii that dnaUii betydo bim. 
How [ho] cwipU in a holU to hyde .bim^— 

WbcB thoy cooio then to cmw thoir del 
fbr koill. coadlo, oad htoeised b§ir^ 
Horbis to tbo pot, oad oU aifi geir. 
Ha novor oovia aaa poony be takkia. 
IiyiaS^I^lL^dWn^ Ctet, ^ S28. 824. 

KNOG, 9. Any thiuff short, thick, and 
stout; *«a knogof a chield,'* *• a iiuy of a 
sticl^'' ACf Clydes. 

Ihio io oridontly tbo ooaio witb Aiv, q. ▼• 

To KNOIT, Knttb, Nott, r. a. 1. To 
strike with a sharp sound; to give a smart 

An' BMoio o booidlio boadster Iowa 

M«^* tbere aa onoo bletberin', 
Shoaiin to Amte Uk bodie'a crown. 

Thoir dont aa tea oome bim to tab. 

Be tby crowa ay oadowr^d ia qoanol, 

Tb Saoii tbiowB-gabbIt lompba, tbat anail 

Tbo baoeo oio ooid to bioU^ wboa tboy striko oao 
ogMBOt oaotbor. 

fbr tboy bad giea bim Ilk a fleo^ 
He look'd aa be'd been doited, 
Por ilka limb aa' litb o' bim 
'QAÌnitaaeanitherlMMYoi -^. , . « 

^^ POim# la tìW Aidtoa Diolarf, p. a. 

Hon it io aood in a aoat. 

2. To amble or hobble in walking, in con- 
sequence of the stiffness of the joints, S. 
Sioit is used as nearly synon. 

Aadr. It io olao roadoiod, podem offoadoro^^a^^ 
impegit; Worm. liter.; oUidebatur, Torb^poioowdo, 
GCSdbiokar-Qaido, p. ^ ; kn^l^^^^^^^ ^ 

Luooab. Bolg. aieleivid. V. Somnor. Pwbapo, M. 
Affott^ ▼orbwoio, VoioL boo a oommoa onmo. Tbo 
mS! I ^wwTii ^ *»«^ iateroodium dSgitonMn, 
Sb^ *K imU-r, aodo. ortotua; q. to.otnko 
with tbo ftaadbfe. 




EflroiTy NoiT, #• 1« A smart stroke, a stroke 
emittiiig a sharp sonnd, S. 

h» MriM did iMlth fMit and rotf. 


X Jfimt§ Fùmu^ 17ÌS» p. 7SL 
SmIi an' mhI ar gaawia, 

Mf vHm flMB an aaai ar gaawta, 
lb ait va BoatìMf aooghin, Uawin, 
Ab* wUlM yir b«iV7 Doddla là'iB, 

S. The sound occasioned by a stroke, or fall 
on any hard body; as when the head or 
any bony part strikes against a stone, S. 

^8ks tsmblad down opo' ma wi' lik a raonia. that 
shs gwt my iMsd cry tmaU apo' tha ooach door." 
Joanal from Loadon, p. 3. 

To KNOIT, V. a. To ffnaw ; a term expres- 
. ww% of the manner m which infants eat, 
who haye not got teeth, Ang» 

U. kmain^ ToUiearo ; or » fraqiioBtatÌTO from o^mm. 

EINOIT, •• A large piece of any thing; 
8. B. buH^ S. A. synon. 

AlUod patlHipsto U. inoM-vr, i^bos. V. Kwoosr. 
[ENOKTT,}m<. Knocked; Barbour, iL 59.] 

To ENOOFF, V. n. To converse f 
IT* Khuit. 


KNOOP, #• !• A protuberance of any kind, 

S. A bit of wood projecting f rmn a wall, on 
which any thing is hun^ S. 


8. 7k# Inoop o/ a AiQ^ that part of a hill which 
towers above, or projects from, the rest, S. 

IB tlM aamo aaaao in Shetland. Brand 

fatvodaeaaiti when nTÌag an aooount ol a very aingolar 
^- of fiahmg^ FP^^ ^^ "'^J ^ *Bppooed, ia now 

IB thaaa iaUnda. 

** AboBt a BkUo from Tmgwal to the Korth, there ia 
a hill enUed the Knop of Kehiater, or Lfigaie'à Know, 
wujk to- which hiU there ia a hoiiae called Kebiater, 
wbare a varlet or wiard lired, oomonly deaigned 
Lmggk^ eoneeniiag whom it waa reported, that when 
tÌM eaa waa to tempeetaona, thet the boata durat not 
fo off to the fiahing, he need to so to that hill or know, 
whania [waa] a hole, iato which he let down hia linea 
aad took op any fiah he nleaaed, aa a cod, or ling, Ac, 
which BO other could do but himaelf : Alio when lihing 
al oaa» he would at hia pleaaara take np an/roated fiah 
with hia line^ with the wtrala or gate out of it, and ao 
nad^for hia nae." The writer Tcry grarelyadda; 
*'Thn waa certainly done by the agency of eril apirita, 
with whom he waa in compact andoovenant." Deacr. 

Ida snfti^ piomiiieBtiaa 

U. |P«!p-r, gfHfP^t oaed predaely aa ia aenae S., 
Jagam aiO Btià^ O. Andr. ; F&Ut gm^ta, caonmea Bion- 
tia I § »w f ar , awatiiim altioia cacnmina ; VeraL 

ToENOOSE. Y^KicuaB. 

KNOOST, Ekuist, «. A large lump. Loth. 

n« UfUB «p the amlaa, he fmd 
The tana bang vp, the oUiar atand t 
Bjaa oat ha took the heavlaatbafl; 
And eat a ftRMit o*t quickly afi 

Sieamh. aeaiC, Belfl. kmoeUt nodua ia arbore ; Kiltaa. 

Peihapo q. aomettiing bmiaed or broken oflL V. 
Khijbi, 9. laL Anoac, howerer, aignifiea a lump or 
dod of earth ; tomna glebaa ezciaua, Tel dirntna ; gni- 
O. Aadr. derÌYea it from Amot-o, auto^ l*P*o* 

ENOP, «• A protuberance, a knob ; [also, a 
tuft, a tassel!] 


Item, aae pair of badia of gunettia, 

gold, and within the kmùwpk ana of the aaid bedia.** 
urentoriea, A. 1542, p. S2. 

** It waa a weU-wrought piece, haWng three crowna 
Bpmnnoet. and thrae other kind of crowna beneath, 
well canred with golden Aa^pa." Spalding, ii. 63. 

[**IteBi, gevin to Katerine Tnrmg; at the Kin^gia 
oommand, to mak buoippk and faaaia to the haniyaiiig 
of briddiUia and teia, zxzij. pimia of gold ; prioe ol 
thepyni,za., ■mnnukxvjli,'* Aoota. L. H. Trcaaiuer, 
L aai DiekaoB.] 

To Kkop, V. n. To put forth buds; or per- 
haps to burst, a tenn used as to flowers. 

Soma kmofimgf aoma dropiag 
Of belay Uqoor await 

Ib the Lat ¥enioB, Jam ntfpia aliia. 

8a.-0. kmopp-^ gemmae emittera ; kmoppt aemma 
arbomm : Teat, bippe, id. fCmoppe mm de oloeme^ 
etXjx^ foUiciiliiai àfe involttcram flora priuaqoam de- 
hiaoat; Kilian* 

Khoppit, foH. p€u Having knobs. 

*• Item, ana pair of bedia, blew, hutppU withgdU." 
l a faatorwa^ at aap. V. Knop, a. 

[EInop-tanole, 9. A kind of sea-weed 
{Fucui nodonu), ShetL] 

To KKOP, V. n. To knap ; expressive of the 
noise made by drops of water falling on a 

It WM ana wonder for to ae 
So grat aa moltitiide,-^ 
Siohewing the dawiiig 
Of lanie Orion, 
Baith upon tie and ttooe. 

Airri, Wotea'a CbBL, iL SI 

[KNOREN, V. À boat, ShetL IsL ibiorr, 

[KNORLE, Enable, t. A knot, protu- 
berance, lumps, Banffs. ; knarU^ Clyaes.] 

[KnorlacK| «• A large knot, lump^ or dot, 

KNORRIE, NoRRiE, «. A wheal raised by 
a blow, Aberd. ; the same with NorUct. 

KSOKRY, adj. Knotty, knobby. 

—Hia wappTnnia and hia annonr hjnt withal, 
Hia weehi J Mudoon, aad hia knornf maia. 

Dvng. rw$a, S48L 41 

Taal k Mn% tabar, aodoa ; E. bMre^ kuwrr. 




KNOT,«. LAprettjIaittepieoeof , 
flf a immd or tquaro tann^ as cxf batcher 

[S. A ttnm^ 

lk»MM«CftAMl^ialtidiffn«iitMiiM^ httie^ 
kiMlomwdlfiDamtlMfoimoCllMkBiifiklM. ' 
àmd^.kmim.k»àir^hmi^^moàJU.ttnaXL fro 



ioi d^gitonim. A«' AjmH^. aignifiei noda^ 
k «EiL wdmartomik I O. Aadr. TbB L»t. word 

8MBt to hvn had a common origiiu 

KN0T-ORASS» «. Tall oatgrass; alao 
eaHad Smme$ Amui$^ S. Avena elatior, 
lam. it raceivaa its Scottish namea from 
tka tttbaicles of the roots. This seems the 
seai^ with Tent tncop-groit^ gramea nodo- 
mtfK IBSMkt deoomiiiated ia like manner 
§nm hufcpt a knot. 

KNOTLESS, adj. Not having a knot; 
QsaaUj applied to a thread, which» instead 
of keraingwdd, passes through the seam^ S. 

ii VMd mt«Hili. U on^ who dinroeMs 
tmj witlM«l being obMrT«d» or withoat 
WHOM intiniAtion; "Ho slipt awftjnit 

thfMd;" &ProT. 


KNOTTT TAMS. A cant name for 
iha hioii skimmed off oatmeal porridge, 
before they are completely made ; nsed as 
a dish IB Beiifr. In making the porridge, 
theaa ahooldb^broken, when it is not meant 
to use them by themselres. Knotty 

[KNOin#-E3raXS.KKi7LB-ENEE8. Knuck- 

fed knees, Cljdes.] 
^Kaaoi^KmsEDf adj. Knuckle-kneed, ibid. 

KirotJli Tass. Toes having swellings on the 
joints, ibid. 

Tto to Ml in tldi firfr Flyroek 
IM ^ttopon liiftMt ft wyroek, 
~ M^AiLorinovb innMdflgrs, 

TbBl hmd. InowL nodns; SilX^. htod, b^; 
t ynb^bly a dMiT. from Id. Anne, id. 

[KB^OUlrTAXD, odj. Having^ toes knotted 
and swoUeii at the joints^ ibid.] 

KNOUT, s. The ball or bit of wood that is 
stamok in the game of Shinty, Fife ; synon. 

* U. Iwnif r riniÌM nodna» jflolrat; aloo inic<-r, 
TcnL ; hudl^^ySi^hQ^ hmJTr, tnber, Dan. knude, 
8B.-0. hni, aodns. IiL Anott-leilr, ludns pilao lig- 
ana sapw ^bcMoi, %. tbo ksait-pUj, or AnotU-pUy. 

KjrowiKi adj. Fnll of knolls, Clydes/ 

To KNOW, V. a. To press down with the 
fists, or knees. 

ThflT Ami^iI all tki Xjtnd iht Cms of it More ; 
And nib'd It ■» doon ■«», to ig it WM fttUmy. 

8v. Inoff-OL noflnto MniboMOO eniti» noonon mini 
boft tnotami^So, m Kntu; iiom.-Q. hmeiwhan, 
A.-a ìùtig-am, mibjioeve, doprir 

KNOW, Knowb, Knoub, ». A little hill, 
S. corr. from hiolL 

And yit walo f tr from «0« ha or ftM AnotM 

Whafs JUm thfttt the Iflyo flower, 

ToatlMoa^ahaiook; A..8. oioU^ tha top of a hiU 
or monntnin. 

[KNUB, a. 1. A smart blow, a thump, 

ShetL; knubbSf pi. 
S. The bump raised by a blow, ibid. 
3. A short club, ibid.] 
[To KxtJB, v. a. To thump, thrash, pommel, 

Knublock, a. A knob. V. Kniblock. 

KNUDOE, a. A short, thick, hard-mjown, 
and strong person or animal ; as, *< He's a 
perfect kmiOge^ Dnmf r. 

Toot AnodM, kmdài^ olava nodon; ftnoei^ nodne 
arborift. Id. ftneMMi ngmfieft rotondna, oompootui. 

Knudoib, adj. Short, thick, hard-grown, 
and strong ibid. 

To KNUFF, Knuvb, v. n. To converse 
familiarly, to chat, S. pron. like Or. p. 

Bat Mho ikyritto ftmHTelownly or Mccftriyo on 
^o ■ftaehnyng." Hogg's Winter Tftlei, u. 41. 
I hnow not if this word con hoTo any ftflSmty to 

8«.^. ibMK^M, tho aftt;fto tho phnM, AoimI o«« 
Am. it ntad to donoto fftmiliftr int««mrM. UL 
Ek^ ftnd toHT-o, botà Mgni<y ^^ 
poealnm, ntqno ad fondnm edibere ; v erel. Hmn 
JMtfs afhondnn; orwrnaTit oomu; OL Lea. Run. 
m tonn might perhnpo hnro beon trftnaf erred to that 

ftoo oo M Turt ft ^^ whion men hnve orer their eape. 

[KNUILT, a. A blow, a smart rap, Shetl.] 
[To Knuilt, v. a. To strike smartly, ibid ; 
part pr. ibiiitfftn, nsed also as a a. 

This terra is nsed slso in Ayrs., hot pron. knmli, 
•Mft, snd sometimes JfewiO.] 

[To KNUKLE, Knuckle, v. a. To submit, 
endure; pret. and part pa. knuckled, Clydes. 


Bntwhsn nseiUnff would prersll, 
Up my ches end oeah I hackled, 
'Bess, for ever &re-ye^wML 

Wttaw, Witty sad Meg, et. 11] 

[KNULE, s. A knob, a knot, a swelling, an 
excrescence, Ayrs.] 




fEiruLa-KNBBD, m^. y. Ekool-kkeed.] 

[KhUUHTAXD^ «ff. Y. EjrOOL-TAEO.] 

KNULL, Eiruui, «. A bit of wood tied in 
the end of a lope^ which enters into an eye 
in the other end of it, for fastening a cow 
or anj other animal^Kfe ; Aberd. 

TUsiiMÌdfli^f Ummbm with Knemei, q.T. Tmit. 

B^NUli'to, jwri. o^T* Henpecked, Fife; synon. 
Smitd. Y. Snoou 

^SNUKL»s» A dwarf, &0. 

n» bM WW • vMdMi', UMorlt Antifi ; 
8ki% Ml tkt gad^MlM wd tMii tkt ohuL 


an cf E. iNMrfe, «U knot 

(pwpwiy la woodJb » hud NbiluMav" Johna. ; • dimin. 


KiruBUR; $• The leme as iatir^ S. B* 

fv. 80a 

[KNUBLS. A game resembling cricket, in 
which a wooden ball or knob, called the 
««JSiarCisitrockwithabat,ShetL Sn.-a. 
Knarl, Dan. and Tent, knar^ a knob.] 

To ENUSEi Ejrooea, Nros, v. a. I. To 
bnnse, to press down with the knees. He 
miid him waft ki$ iaMt , S. B. 

S. To pommel, to beat with the knuckles or 
fists, S* B* 

8. To knead; Ntuma ai a bannock^ kneading 
a cake^ S. B. Whether this be the pri- 
mam or only a secondary sense, seems 
donbtf nL 

amUn ; *^to kit or 


to owthiow ;** 

KamEYfOij. Thick, gross ; applied to per* 
sons; LanarioB. 

Kin78KT,.s. ^ A stroiig firm boy;" OLSunr. 
Ayrs., p. 69S« 

U. kmak^ immè^ goatond t ^ q. w«ll pot t»* 
fitÌMr; bmak^t tabtr, «ipL bj Dml Mucfc, a knot. 


AaoiMk J 

traiiob two;. Q. Aadr., jp. US. 
; VawL Ooth. 

ooatnadwa; Stadaa. ra. Din, to. Knaada; 
Bèl|^fc i M <» e i^ to cfBijk, Vul him§^, kL VersL de- 

M. fawiT flrf| M dwMitias tbo act of one who nàim 
■BOthOT bv tho kair of tkt k«id, tkat bo may ponunel 
kim witk ais Art.; INdtar qnaado nnut altenun capiUo 
ooBseÌBditk atoae paynna impiaoit ; bid., p. 120. ' 

As tfao woffu €1 tkw fbna» aaad ia oar laagnaao, aia 
■ppUod to tka aotioa kolk of tko kaoM, and of tha 
kaaoklw ; it m aagakr, tkal tìia ooonato Tarba in tha 
floaodiaaTiaa dialaeti auiy withoat Tiolenoa ba dadaeed 
fiaaft tha tanaa wki^ ^pìfy botb. Thoa, lal. knM-a^ 

any ka darivad aitkar fion hmt, km^ tha knackla, 
or Tbiaa tka kaaa. 8w. hwff^ aagma gaaibnaqoa 
aaiti, 0u%) to atinra wHk Mi and kaaaa, aiayjn Uka 
ka tncad to aitkar of tkaaa aoaaa. Thii ob- 
appliat alas to GmUgt aad JTaaw, q. ▼. 

KNJJSLT.ùdv. SnnffIy,oomfortably,Perths^ 
"" pron. Knaudif* 

A dMV paal faada blaad^ oa tka kMafkataaa, 
~ wkuk Bawty eiai 

_ kiatail, 
AiaVl kÌB aboat, aad laid Urn Imudy dowa, 
Thiakia' af aeltkar bogka aor tiia itonn. 


Id. Saittt^ sppsitH adovBO^ oo m poao 1 Aai iifti, oooa- 
poaitè adoraaaa aapaUaotilaBi val rea domaaticaa ; O. 
Aadr., p. 117 ; q. pattiag thiafli iato proper order. 
Pariiapa Aaai^f rafan to the paina token l^ a dog to 
lay itaalf dowa, ao aa that it aiay raclina with eaae ; 
lapmiiilly aa tka word% TWa'd him oòeaf, reapeot tka 

witk wkidi ka prooeeda. It ia well known 
tkat ia Id. Aa aad Aa are oonataatly interekanged. If 
wa aappoaa tka tana propariy to aigniff ao/l/y, gantly, 
aa daaci i u ii fa of tka manaar ia which a àak laya 
kiiaaalf oowa ; it aiay aaem allied to A.-S. mmmm, 
Aayw; moUìì^ aoft» tender^ daUcata, aica^ dainty. V. 
Somnar. Tka lftMa.-0. aynon. ia hiamtga^ mdllia. 
Jfadaaaatm «a«l»Ma paiaBrtclai, "dotkad inaoft rai* 
ai^Tllattk. a. a. 

To KNUT, v.n. To halt slightly; especiallv- 
nsed to denote the unpleasant jerk whicn 
ahorse sometimes gives on his pastern, when 
he sets his foot on a round stone, Stirlings. 

Ejtut, •• A motion of this kind^ ibid. 

U. Jla<afa» (piak Aaoal) aigaiflaa to atamUa. 

To ENUTLE, e. a. \. To strike with the 
knuckle^ Benf r. 

U. Aaata, iaatai aodna artonm i Aaltfn* panlo lnm 
pnagaia, ibtadEa, digitia naaaara. Sb.-G. Aaa^, aa aigni- 
fying a kaot^ gÌYM parai^ tka primary idea ; aa the 
Joiata aia aa it ware tha knoto ba6raea the bonea. 

2. To strike with feeble blows frequently re- 
peated, Boxb. 

To ENUZLE, V. a. To squeeze, to press, 
nroperly* witii the knees, Teviotd. Y. 
KoozLB, and Knuse. 

KNYAFF, 9. A dwarf, a rery puny person, 
I1fe,Ayrs. From this iV«^ is formed, q. v. 
U. Ma^A oamna at coBtraetnm oocpnl^ 

KNTFFy «• A hanger or daj^r. 

ITa anaoar had WaUaee bmb la to that place ; 
Bot aoard and Aai/ thai bar oa thaim throw graoa 

WWfaet, J: 82» 1C8. 

Tbe term ooenra in tkia aanaa in oar old Acto. 

** Bot ytkir yamen— aalbe anfficiandly bowit k achaf- 
fit, with aaerde, bakkra, k Ani/e." Fkri. Ja. L, A. 
142S, Acto Ed. 181«, p. 10, c 17. 

The term haa tha aaaia aanaa ia Sn.-0., aa denoting 

#bcr« Mpocnf aft kaif isar/aautorf /ktf .* 
ITnwn dicaaqne aaqaam stragem edidera. 

Ihra derÌTea the term from 8n.-0. hdp-a, aoinderab 
aeeare; Waohter 6oai Or. odM, aaco. Haaoa the 

O. T. ftajc^, calter, ^adina. 

Black kkife. A small dirk, Pèrths. 

Thia ia a Utand traaaktioa of Gael, afc^a dM, tha 

to tkia weapon by tke 






1M, Mpv tdteu, CNoitM «gW, • imp ; Ji^gN 

■od ^jd Qoonii BuAt hkf bwn mìb 
MiMWifffrMtlMMwalltothflvtbK.'' Kaoz'a 
n, n. BigD. K, & 

ilnwMdugltAMqipa^MÌBMaiL In MS. 

l^asd Load, • is ftiM^;p«dL TIm v. lMq» is wed 

'' I SUM snss^ K.9 '* to steiks so ss to Hiska a sluup 

Uk* ttsi of biMkiag;** JoIuh. Bdg. ibHVP-«s 

To KNTTE; «. o. To strike tnuurllj. Y. 

Xhttb, i. A smart stroke. Y. KvoiT, >• 

KOAB, QuOAB, $. A reward; a gift, a 
bribe, ShetL ; ^Tse doe what da wants me» 
bit f ath I maim bae a gad Kcahr 

I iio ao aortitsm tarn wliidi csa bs soppossd to 
kMTO wuf sllDÌty, salssB psriiaps IiL fiaaA, sMlsiti 
■ ■l it fa ssB-rafsao^ ^miA^ kmahh-^m^ tùàUft po- 
illws f ^ wkst isoUsiMd ia eoBssaMooooT oontiDiMd 
Imb. B issingslsr thst it sboiUd prlisiw mora 
iosmdUo a & svDòr, wlùeb flgaiiUs bolli a ra- 


tehnlhs KfM Uwsid or bglaiid 
Udiwd offiuS daid lUl tjtIuoML 
An teno ho 1m1 jd iB-to iMffth, 
Asd wiT^vd an is wedud wwlh, 
àhiiwft^iahiic wy, 

i^ SSkodsl^JBSBS n^JIOOM. 


▼ioirs this as aa «(^ ^utàìpng 
Mod. a icQi9NC»aBd sesms to think 
il aOisd to'affyreopc Bat it is ondoabudlj a v. 
■sj ho aa illosioa to oao who still feds a aaosea 

iahis stoàisd^ aadfrnaeatly retches, froai the idea 

somethias that excites flwat 
S 8iu<0. ioA«a» fMK^v^ soIEdcsio. 

X:OBIL, $. A small boat Y. Coblb. 

[KOFF, V. a. To bar, to barter, to bargain. 
V. Con'.] 

Xbvp-CABTix, f • A contemptooas designa- 
tnn, q. ''old pedlar.** 

••Ooaviekit fo tho trahlsaoo of him ia wofdia, 
aaOnd him h^<aryU oao tho oppia ful** Aboid. 
B^, OwlL IS, 

M^ had hoea ahrsgrs aocoaatod a ooatomelioas 
%mm. y. OofFi^ aad OaxL. 

\KimtfprtL Y. CovT.] 

[COK8 BONS. A form of exclamation, 
eometames, of oath, for 'God's bones*, 
Lyndsay, Sat. Thrie Estaitis, L 660.] 

[KOLE, f. Cabbage, kail, ShetL Dan. 
imO, Oer. khl, id.] 

(KOMIN, s. Daty, obligation; ibid.] 

[KONOL, EoHOiL, s. A piece of homing 
peat, ibid. FaroSse, hmpJ, id.] 

[KOOFIE, «.^ A broad, flat, roand-shaped 
sea-shell, ibid.] 

[EOO^FISH, «. A kind of shell-fish, the 
Yenoas (Cyprùia lslandica\ ibid. Isl. 

ki-8Ì€l, id.] 

To EOOK, e. n. To appear and disappear 
bj fits ; the same with CSooi, * ^ Ayrs., q. v. 

*' I was of a firm persoasion* that sU the aenldndderj 
of tiio hosiaees mignt haye beea woU •psnd from tho 
oyo ài the pablio, which is ci iteelf samdeatly proas 
to htdfc sad aooè^ ia oreiy jpoesiblo way, for a ijbmjpm 
ofaUaekstoffy.** Ayrs. £aff., p. 271. 

Thsao tsims ara oonjoiaed. to deaoto that the at- 
titado is frMpeatly ohaaged ia the act of prjring; 
ttat a BMio Buanto view of tho object of secatiay aiay, 
if pomihie^ be obtsiaed. 

[KOOM, s. 1. Anything broken into small 
pieces, as biscuits, coal, Ac, ShetL 

2. The smnt from coal, wood, or peat, which 
collects on kitchen atensils, &c., Glydes.] 

[EOORIN, «. Cattle, ShetL IsL tyr, a 

[KOOT, f . The ankle, pL ioait. Y. Coot, 


To EOPPIE, V. a. To chide^ to reprove 

Bià.'G. tapp-aa^ eertara. 

EOEEIE, «. A kind of lichen osed for 

dyeing; it yields a porple colour, (ZAehen 

tartareua^) S. B. 

(In Mofay called borUr^ os statsd ia tho foUowiog 

'With the top of heath they aiako a yeOow oolonr ; 

' Iff OB stooes, sad cal~ 
they dye red ; with tho miìl of the alder or allar-treo 

with a red moes, growing on stones, sad called lorfeir. 

thgr djro Mack.** Shaw's Morar, p. 166. 

This is probably the samo with what is called eorvo- 
Iti ia Bhetlaad. OaeL ooreair, *'red, pozple^ a rod 
dye ;" Shaw's OaeL Diet. 

[EOBKIB-LIT, «• Dye made from korUij ibid.] 

[EORN, f. A small quantity of anything, 
ShetL Y. CuBN.] 

[EORS, «. 1. A cross, a mark on a '^bys* 



2. A vu^r pron. of cross, i.e., a market- 
cross, Clyd€».] 

[EOBS-MASS, #. A half-yearly festival held 
on 3rd May and 14th September, Shetl. 
Dan. Ki}r$f cross, metse, mass.] 

[EOULL,«. A cowL . Y. Com*] 

EOW, s. A goblin. Y. Cow, 2. 




KO w; i. 

fkoai tik dftT teth M BA PMlals pritMid— 
At Mam €r rap to puvohftM mm oonuMod, 
Amdm Ibt ktm ooeaai it doit offmet. 
^^ JCfnrfMV* A P. JL, iL SS7. 

Mr. Pink. Tfawi this m ■ynoo. with Aeì^ UMg^ 
pnoHoiii V.Kxwn. 

[KOW-OLINE, «. A harlot* a loose woman, 
LyndHij, Sat Thrie Estaitia, L 1323.] 

To EOWK, V. n. To retch on account of 
nani ea, Y. Cowk. 

KOWSCHOT, Cushat, $. The ring-dove; 
Ootambofl JMdQmbn8,Liim«coi0<cAo<; cncteA«l, 
A. Bor. tfiiiA^Hfett^, S J . 

Ite AmmI^C oraodk Midpykkifl OB tk« rjTMw 

Ite OhuAfll crandifi tlM OoHUtom 


^OT, «• A bed, an enclosure; also a 
sheltered nlaoe where cattle may be kept 
during n^t| ShetL Stt.-0« kofOf id.] 

KoTy adj. Secluded from view. 

mr nif ite hid thOTfora, and hdd fUl fay, 
BHfds tfai altttv dMÌtt VMthk MM. 

Dmv. FiryO; ML IS. 

AbdidMl MM^ alilM vis iBvlM MdsUt 


Bsdd. TÌMPSthiias^ MOM with a)y,q.T. Ifaob 
Utti it nlÌMr a dittinet aoiae. Gould w« rappoM it to 
W adiflèiwit word, it midit bo ooooidmred m aUied to 
AifiL aottfi^ or a piMO whoro cottlo M« inoloMd 
Ml; Id. htdt id. ioptiim td oLuiotnuB ; VoroL 

To KOTT, e. a. To beat, to flog, S. B. 

rwhopo fmfy m motaph. ■tnoo of quU^ oolTora. IiL 
kmèUm; m tho v. jn^ if oloo oood. 

[ERAA-HEAD, '«. The chimney head, 

[S3AAHESIL, «• The name given to the 
small, black mussel growing on half-tide 
rocks, ibid.] 

^SAANSIE, 0, A corallite, {MiUepora 
pofymefrphot) ibid.] 

(To KRACK, V. a. To strike sharply, to 
beat,S. V.Cback.] 

(Krack, s. a sharp blow, a stroke; kraeter 
is sometimes used in the same sense, Clydes.] 

^RAOKor, part pr. Used also as a «., 
eootinned sharp striking or beating; a 
severe beating, SS.] 

KBANO, s. The body of a whale divested 
of the blubberi and alumdoned by the whale- 

IXRANK, adj. Sick, ill, ShetL Dutch 
hank, id. y. Crank.] 

[B[RANKn, adf. Badly fittin(% disjointed, 
insecure, difficult, dangerous, Ulydes.] 

[KRANSrr, adj. Cross-grained, ill-tem- 
pered, Shetl.] 

[To KRIECCLE, v. n. To creeps crawl, 
stagger, ibid. IsL kreika, to walk m a bent 

KRINGLE, Crinolb-brbad, EIrinolb- 
BRBAD, «• A kind of bread brought from 

" ThoM who oommonly froqaont this ooontry, sad 
tndo with tho inhabitABti, oio Haoibiiighen, ond 
nmotimoo Bcomen, and othon, who o e t op bootho or 

■iiom, whoio thoy aoU liqooon, m beer, btondie, fte., 
aaa wl 

rheot-braad, m that which they eaU 
and tho like." Brand'a Zetland, p. 131. 

8w. krimala, a Iciiid of bread made in s partioalar 
tem ; Wideg. Kringia rigniflee a oirolo. 

KRISP, «. Cobweb kwn. V. Crisp. 

[KROOE ATIE. V. Hookatib. ] 

[KRUBB, i. A crib, a small enclosure, 

[Erubbib, t. A pit, hole, or place, in which 
potatoes, Ac. are covered in order to pre- 
serve ihem, ibid.] 

[Erubbit, paH. adj. Narrowed, straitened 
for want of room, narrow, ibid.] 

[ERÌyaLE, «. Bait for fish, ShetL Dan. 
krog^ a hook.] 

To EIRUYN, V. n. To murmur, to cry as a 
bull does, in a low and hollow tone. 

The baiat aaU be fbU My, tris, and wicht. 
With bade equale till bit moder on hicbt, 
Oaa all leddy with bones isrHifn and pat. 
And ionto and ikattir the aoft Mad inrth bis Alt 

~ Ftfwl 

V. Cbotv. 

EUEDE, adj. Harebrained. Y. Cudb, 
Cum, and Custril. 

[To KUGGEE, v. n. To move from side to 
side, to rock, to swing, ShetL Dan. kughf 
a globe, y. CoooLE.] 

[EuoOLiB, ocK. Easily rocked or rolled about, 
unsteady, ibid. V. CoooLiB.] 

[KlJIK, s. A cook; a menial, Lyndsay. 
Sat. Thrie Estaitis, L 171 ; kwkis is an old 
pi. form, Accts. L. H. Treasurer, L 132. 

[EUILT, EuuLT, V. a. To beat, to thrash, 
Clydes.; mnhin\ quuUin\ part. pr. used 
also as a «.J 

[EuiLT, EuuLT, $. A sharp stroke or blow, 





^it;:4 '^•" "^•^ "^ "''• 

taurr ,f, Thtttemoraboatortliiisibid.] 

[KUBF, #. A rarf aoe^ a fine surf aoe, ibid.] 

fKuBm^ «. A slielly a smooth shell, ibi<L] 

(lb KUBFUFFLE, v. a. To muffle ap; 
pmrt pa. ki^^ ibid.] 

(ToKUBNUBpV.ii. Tobesilent; <<iiotto 
9tjk mm§r^ not to say a word, ibid.] 

[KUSBy 9. A whisper, ibid. Isl. ìomt^ 

[KUBBIEy ac(;. Pretty, dear, amiable, ibid. 

(To KUSH, 9. a. To drive animals away ; 
dnoflT nsed in the imperative like the 
ittterjl ihiit, ibid.] 

KUSIBIL, KoosTBiL, 9. A foolish fellow. 

CUTEB, e. o. 1. To cocker, to 
maxm delica t el y . It is nsed in referenceto 
a penoQ who esnrcises the greatest care 
mat his own health or that of another, 
aad who is also at pains to havesnch meats 
and drinks prepaiedas will be most grateful 
to the palate; S. 
S. "Is some parts ci S. it signifies to coax, to 

U IbtfonMr mtm, it miffht Mcm allied to Tent. 
g it tr ■% towm% atttrin delicat* ; in tlie Utter, te 
umm. haur^ mi.-0. ptUtr-a, gunirs, c«atilftr«. 

To KuTXR, OuTUt, V. n. To converse in a 
ehndeitine way, with appearance of great 
mtuucy, S« 

**T i MM«V «e wUip«r ." A. Bor. Ovom. 
CKUBSEN, pari. jMB. Cast, thrown, Clydes. 

Ifav flortnt'i hmm ■• op a diaiies. 
■ ii^ i«i I «a MiplojH 

m^t tbiww tUi day. 

▲ I^Sm'tPàMUb 1876b p. 9S»] 

(KUVYELyS, A warm covering, Shetl.] 

^o KuTTKL, V. o. To wrap with warm 
dollies^ to wny.a person carefully, ibid.] 

(JLiir JUS, #. pL y. under EuK.] 

(To XT, 9. a. (pron. like my, (Ay, &c.) To 
di scover; to betray, ibid.] 

KY,M.j^ Oows,kine^S. JEm, id., O. E. 

. IMrJvlavififalitVjthaTmryimla, 
Ja «od aad lUkil voffth thir bdstii ikiiinii. 

Dny. Ffvyd; 40^ 96i 

«an lloHlnndM ba Mt to tnii«t Ua : 

Itentl Maadofgold be jtra, tbra kundxatliof tflner dem 

ft lh« la <y«a hvBdnth Mf ilk 7«ia to hU lardMaL 

A JBnmii^piS& 

IiL Igr, vaoest O. Tom, ftj^ Ttecaa; Jmi. E^jm., 

Kr-HEBD, f. A cow-herd, Tianarks, 
Kna, pL Cows. 

Hia VflMtt elaitk ya Mil quite daima ; 
na aas pwa bairnto wltb tbair daoi^, 

A vansBaBM oo yon cnrfib 

This lafars totlia axaotiooa of tba priaitiL dnxiiig 
PoDary, after tba daatb of tba bead of a family. 
Aia form of tba wotd ia anomalooa. V. Kt.. 

[ETARDIN, Etabdak, pari. Scolding ; a 
scolding, Banflfs.] 

(To ETAXTVE; v. o. and ft. 1. To work at 
or with anytldng quickly and constantly, as 
when kneamng^ chuminf^ masticating, &c^ 

2. To touse, toss about, pull hither and 
thither; implying hurry and eagerness, 

3. To nprawl, splutter, tumble about ; to make 
any kind of fuss or to-do, ibid. 

4. To work hard, to strive, to struggle; as 
parents in humble life who strive to bring 
up their family decently, ibid.] 

[EYAUYE, i. Used in each of the senses 
of the V. above, ibid.] 

[ETAUvnr, Etautak, pari. pr. Used abo 
. as an #«, and as an ad]»^ m each of the 
senses of the v., ibid. 

Wban ifcyaicviii aa an aà^, ia tpokaii of obildm, it 
ofteiD impliaa lattlan. actÌTa» itimng; and wban ipoken 
of adnlte, it ganarally impliaa porai^, bodily waak- 
or botb oombinad. v. OL BanffL] 

EYDD, pari. pa. Made known, manifested ; 

In tba tjms of Axtbor an anntor brtydda, 
Wban ba to Cailala wai oomra, and oonqn 

ooDoaaror AyAi. 
SHr GteMM oiMf Sir ML, L 1. 

Cbancar, hd^ tkUe, id. A.-S. qfHi-amt oatendaia, 
notnm laoare. 

[KYIS, 9. pi V. under Ky.] 

fKYTTH, V. prei. and imp. V. Ktthe,] 

[KYLE, 9. A chance. V. Eile.] 

[EiUB oftotif. An equal chance; one good 
turn deserves another, S.B.] 

EYLE, 9. A sound, a strait, S. 

" All tba bonoa and oowa aold at tba fair, awim to 
tba mainland orer ona of tba f arriaa or loonda eallad 
KyitM; ona of wbieb ia on tba Eaat> tba otbar on tba 
Soatb nda of Skia." Martin'i Wast. Islanda, p. 20ft. 

"Aftor tba battia of LaiMi, in 1283» in wbicb tba 
iBTadtn^army of Haoo^ king of Norway, waa dafaated ; 
—tba kmgwaa ovart^an in tba narrow pamaga wbicb 
dÌTÌdaa tba ialand of Skya from tba ooastaof InTamaM 
and Boat, and along witb many of bii foUowara, ba 
bimaalf waa killed, m attempting bit atcapa tbitmgh 
tba ohannal dividing Skya from Lochalin. Tbata 



■Mtti^ or kifUi, bear to this àmj appellalioiiib ^m- 
mmtanting tbe Sfwito by wbioh they were thve die- 
tiflfdahed. the fonner being oelled Kyle Bhee, or the 
Aij/e r^ aod the kttor^yit J^o^oi/' Minrtrelqr 

Belg. kU^ • ^fcitiMii, de kU eener rhkre^ the ehannel 
«f m mer i SeweL Teal kSU^ kUt^ kieU, loeoe in litoie 
■Baowi% einui ; Kilian. Sw. kU, ainae ; Seren. 

It ii nln enL an arm of the aea, Gael. eooKi^ id. 
P. BddenMshtlia, SntherL Statist Ago., Ti. 27& C. & 
90, algnifiea » bay, a gnllL Both theae nay be allied 

AlflLgnma, n 
lieu uuidnania 

KTLEofHAY. a hay-cock, the small heap 
into which hajr is at first gathered when it 
is raked from the gronnd. South of S.; 
CoU, Aug. 

TUa baa beea dednoed from Fr. aiea0-lr, to gather. 

To Etlb, to Etle hat. To put it into 

KTLESTONK Buddie. Y. Keel. 

KYLOEt #. 1* The desiffnation given to an 
individual of the small black cattle brought 
from the island of Skye, S. 

*• Woold it not be n anbject of regret, that the bean- 
tiftd varietiea of Kyloea, anch aa are bred in Skj, and 
earn eattle of AigyloBhire, ahonld disappear m tbe 
bìfÙmarkotar Kiaaya Highl. Soo.. m. 548. 

S. Applied to Highland cattle without dis- 
tinction, S. 

** We may aappooe these to have been hyioe* or high- 
. laad eattle, aa Cardroa waa at the entrance into the 
iml hifUanda.** Kerr'a Hist, Rob. I., iroL u. 497. 

"KillaMimimt talked in a steady nnalterable duU key, 
of top*drsssiiu| and bottom-dreasing^ snd vearolds, and 
rimmera, and dinmonts^ and stots, ana rants, and 
Iffiuif, and a p eo p ose d tnrapike. ** WaTerley, i. 148—9. 

I l*TO at timee- thoognt that the term might be 
taaoad to Gael eoOaek^^m fat heifer," Shaw. Some 
asiglht objeet to thia, indeed, that the ^oality specified 
is asldom to be fonnd in cattle of aaykmd, aa imported 
from tibe Highlanda. Annor. kem, and Com. helue, 
dsaoto a oow with call^ and Ir. coUaH a heifer of two 
Team Bnt perhapa these cattle have oriflinally been 
naawiiinatiiiit from their passage acrom the Kyle, or 
atnit^ which aeparatea Skye from the main knd, or the 
eoaal of Olenelg ; eepeciaUy by reason of the mode of 
liaaapmlatiuii "orer thia aoand,'* where the Telocity 
of the eofreat ia aaid to be equal tonine knots an hour. 
''Ilw black cattle from Sky, and part of the Long 
faiand, are made to awim ; and though the current ia 
ao TSty strong, yet Terjr few acddenta happen.'* Stat. 
Aee. rri. S70. Thaa they are said to be "ferried oyer 
tiMrffe." Index, ToL zxL TO. Coltfs. 

KiXOSy adj. Of or belonging to the descrip- 
tkm of cattle called kyloes; as, '*a fybe 
cow,* a highland cow, of a small size ; ^a 
fyb$ stot,^ a bullock of this description ; 
•* if !q$ heeU"" Ac^ 8. 

[ETN,f. Kindred, Barbour, ii. 112.] 

Ktud, KTvn, t. 1. Nature. C/ilyiid^ accord- 
injfto the course of nature, or by natural 


Core Usge lord aad idhg be was,— 
His sir, that of AyMl was kyng, 
Aad of all lycht wyth-oot oemyng. 

WytUown, is. M. Al. 

Tho weed ia ndicaUy the aame with Ayii ;" OL 
[2. Elind ; na hme^ of no kind, Barbour, viii. 

Kynd, Ktnde, Kyxdlt, adj. 1. Natural, 
kindred, of or belonging to kind, akin. 

Than the knycht myd. Now I ee 
In-to the kynd rwts set the trt. 

Hiia is resolred in another place. 

Now gottyn has that tre the rwte 
Of hmd, cure eomfoit and onre bote. 

IFyii«0W», TlL 114a 164. 

Of that rata the i^nd flswoue. 
As floufti havsnd thst mwowre, 


iW:, Is. M. 107. 

IE, JHffffhf ia need in the saoM aenaa. 

2. Native. 

WjtUa tlds phMS, ia si plseoor sad thryft 
Ars hsis the pisssacs qufiilkis In lost batteU 
Slsns ia dafsnos of thsire kimii eantre fell. 

Dmv. FtryO, 18& UL 

[3. Pre-ordained by the influence of the stars. 

And sis ths constQladooDS, 

Thst kmtdlw maaeris giflis thsim til 

For till ladyne to gnd or DL 

Btatemr, It. 7S1, Sksst's Sd.] 

[KYNRENT, ». Kindred, rektions, Lynd- 
sajr. Test Sq. Meldrum, L 1631.] 

KYNEIK, EiNRTKE, «. 1. Kingdom. 

For JhoB the Bslyoone to Monroes thaa he eend. 
And patt hym doons for euir of this kwnrik, 

WolfaKS, L 119, iia 

2. Reign, possession of a kingdom. 

*• —The yeir of god, ana thonsand fonre handreth^ 
zziiii. yeiiia ; and of hie kUtryke the ziz. yeir.'* Tit. 
Aota /a., L ParL 2; alao ParL S and 4, id. Edit. 

A. -8. cynrie^ regnnm, from qfne, regiva, regalia, and 
rke, which ia vaed in the eame eense ; rieo, prince^ ; 

IsL fyi-a, regnare^ Moea-O. reikin-^n, id., from retks, 
prinoepa. Sw. kwigrike. Tent, kanimgrtieht rsgnnm. 

KYPE, #. 1. A small round hole made in 
the ground by boys, in one of their games 
at marbles ot taw, Aberd. 

2. Transferred, as a name, to that particular 

geime which requires the hole, ibid. [In 
hetl. the game is called kypie.'l 

Tent hp, dedpnU; aa perimpe beto^ originally 
Bseant for a hasara or anare. laL kipper, mterstitimn 

KYPIE, 9. A man who uses hb left hand 
instead of the right, Lanarks.; correspond* 
ing with Lat. icaevm. Corr., perhaps, from 
C. B. diwUhig^ id. 

[KYRK, KiBKE, «. Churchy congregation, 

S. V.KlBK.] 

[KYRNAILLy Kybneil, Kybnell, #. V. 





[KTBSP.t. A kind of fine lawiL Y.Cbisp.] 
[KTBTILLy Ktbttxx^ $. A gowiu 

MM OV UttlM WMhMrdtBa 

fa atv lyriaif of gnjr. 

Ckrytt9 Kirkf it L] 

[KTSLE-STANE,KEi8TZr6TA2nBy«. A flint- 

[KYSTLEaS,adj. Tasteless. Y.Eebstless.] 
\u A wooden puL V . Err.] 


«. 1. The bellr* A muekle kute^ a 
bigbdly; iJite^ id. A. iBor. 

8vm «M cooHwrfoM oidaoit tt ftnt, 
HwdH Gèdfw i^ raid cMf And bint 

X«M«OV*t L§ndmt^t Wathu^ p. 317. 
TUak j» Ihli yooth's a gUljr-gftwpy, 
ikad iMl Ui j mW jtaModl'f master 
Ta wwTj «p a pinl of plaUter, 
lika ov afil-lEaaTw that lift tiM lading, 
Whan li«cf en itnak out lika imwplaidiiig f 

S. The stomach. A fow hfte^ a f nil stomach, S. 

-' **IliiilljOQrl|flif«ooiiimoii»''i.6;, IhaFedaaarvad 
WMvof joo, baouua I hav* oltan fillod your balljr ; 

n nidia ana naka wathar eawl, 
Aa^hamnr h^ "uk beaaU leak anl*. 

IWrrvf^a Pmmw, p. 62. 

Hda ii andoabladly alliad to Id. kwidr, quid-ri 
fmti, M oae Q . fitk^ S«.-G. giMl, Tantar. laL tigami. 

I ooriaaponding to A.-S. cwUh, matrix, 
sad M oaiQ. qmiih^ms, iitania. Hafwa % tnae oe aiuiat 
ifmUH; 'to h^w ona child oa tba knaaa, aad another 
ia «ha wwab; Lm. Waatg., ajp. VaraL, at Ihra. 
KtMar fkind^ m^aàSm glattony, Spao. Reg., p. 609., 
' — Md^ baQy, aad yirM^ aaniaat daaiiOb or greodi- 

ftUr^ saMdieas vaatar, VaraL Ind. a tagin ki/U^ S. 

▼. SaOb QaidoryVlfi, analoflooa to the ToiAar j ' 
Ayii; ocean IB thaliLPinoT. BeUr^rfoar 
'imt t}fJ&i Wiadom ia batter than a foil Deuy, 
lad. Both tha IbL aad 8il-0. tarma aignify 

KTTB-CLimOy odu Having the belly shrank 
nom hnngeTy S. 

«£MMa vlfb^ quoth L what maaot the Sxf, 
. ^ -7 t^bal ya shav lie a ftightfti' i^n 

vBai^vaav as n^va^^^s^^^a^^ay a^^^^* * 

iNdL, p^ 107. 

KTTSHTOwy Ettb-fui^ #. A Tttlgar term 
for a belljr-fnl], S. 

lUi sona a po ad a to laL pUdarfiUi. V. Km, aty- 
ana. QmklqptU ia aaad to denote a pregnant woman, 
aaMÌ qaaa ataram planam habat ; Ihra, to. Full. V. 

Hah, Sir% what a ì^mI o' prida'a yon'er I" Tha 

adu Big-bellied, or cor^nlent, es- 
pedallT inconsequence of fall living. Loth., 
tjanarka., Cljdes. V. Ettb. 

To KTTHE, ErrrH, v. a. 1. To make 
known, to shewy S. 

—fa thy aotb eotto treeoa telle, 

' t to thy eietei 

Waa lyMd by hir hoaband fiOee and fra 

n^ to thy eieter trewe aad innocent, 

JL «iMr»>, iL S7. 

Aaaag tha Net floUrl leame to be ana King :• 
Kiik on that orah that pregnant freaeha ingyne, 
Qrantit to thee be inSaenee din 

XfMlMy'a VarAit, IdOi, p. 196. 

K. Braaaa 


p. 176. 

& aleo edtha did let hie panUloan, 

Hie maiitiie tone gen ciM^; ha dight him to the toan. 

•«Ha i^lOodhis kiadaoia, S., it., gava proofa of it ;" 

2. To practise. 

Hie eiaftee gui he AìM«, 
Ogeiwee ham whan he wold. 

Sir ^riÈkm^ pi 21 

3. To cansoy to prodnce. 

Her modar aboot wae blithe, 
Aal tok a drink of might. 
That lore wald AiM& 

iNdL, p. 97. 

Tha fiiat aaeam tha primary aanaa of tha word ; from 
A.-3w cyCAKM, oatamtna^ aotum facora. Chauoer, 

To EriHEy EriTH, v. n. 1. To appear, to 
be manifest, S. 

Waaweud', echo said, " Quhat have t wroeht. 
That on ma MM bee aU thia cair r 

Mwn£i§ MmHn, MaiUand Poau, p. 906. 

Thia ia impropariy raadored j0«<,_EUii, Spao. iL 32. 

aa awkward 

Be blaithe, mr mirrie men, be blaitbe, 

Anyle eall nana the wone^ 
Gine be into thie country kaUht, 

I hoope in God'e croes. 
it Godis cone. Poem» Sixtmnth Cmiury, p. 349. 

It doea not propariy aignify " coma^" aa in GL ; but 
" make hie appearanoa.** 

2. To come in sight, to appear to view, Roxb. 

One of tha aanaea of A.-S. eytk^n ia, oatandera. 

3. To appear in proper character, S. This is 
the established acceptation of the term in 
S., aa respecting a person or thing not full/ 
known as yeti or not seen in its true light. 
In this sense are we to understand the 
TwY. ** Chèatrìe game will ay kt/the.** 

Thus it baa bean waU azpL by Picken : **Kytke, to 
appear ia ona'a own likanaae, to make a diaooTory of 
ona'aaalf." OL 

•< Hetl kyik imkUain eoUmn, hell appear without 
diiuraiaab be*!! bo known for tha man ho la." GL Shir. 

lliia asaetly eorreaponda with one aeuao given of 
A.-S. cjfdhon, notom laoara^ probara, to make known, 
toprova; Soninar. 

4. ** To keep company with,** GL Spalding. 

" The lord Aboyn upon hie own reaaona canaed break 
np bia anay ;— and to his majeaty gooa he. Hia de- 
partara waa joyful to hia anamiee, and aorrowful to hie 
irianda, who had kjthed with him, eapeciallvtho kirda 
of Gigbt, Haddob Foreran, fto., who had followod him 
after thay had snbwribed tha oovanant" TroaUea, 
L 14a 

Perhapa rather, to ba in a atoto of intimaoy ; aa 
A.-& cyMliW aipufiea, fàmiliaritaa. 




Kttbs, i. Appearance, Aberd. 

Bal MKloiL thy tetoM, 

Ab* MiiB o' fuioof MiU; 
IW doii4ilDiw or MMr-UlM, 

Te MkA iM kBtof •&' Id jtlM. 


•tin 1m It bIm^ Ib pMiilfv mood 

Ho iMlMoaM brooM to inott : 
am* Myftwme, aa' lyttwwu, 


JXndtdf^t SimfU £ayf , pi 9l 

BIhMìoiim aiitf i^pjCUoNM is a oonjuaot phraao used in 
FaftM.» MVgnifjnog, **lii^y in oooMnaenoo of hay- 
ing abwiMJanro off proporty in comw." Tno word mutt 
that haTo boon fonnod fram Kp, oowa, with the tddi- 
tioa of MUM aa donotÌBg oonniiiGtioii, or at timeo, as 
woald MMD. ahtiiidaiMio. V. Sirx. 



Th^ kMvM on tho JTylrar tho (boo of It hefbra, 
Ana aib'd it no doon ncu; to MO it wmi a ahMM ; 
Tboy otll'd it pdTd FMffSfi, ther paid it ao ton. 

^komÌ9omm$, wJmm*§ CML, iii. 19. 

It MMM wjmatL miik ttorfia, inontioiiod immodiately 
bofora. Tlua ia oridMitly tha aaiiia with irdraj<» q. T. 

KYTTTT^ pari. pa. 

Bot Uifc-iMBait ennit nbitaBco Mmii twoit 
Tin load-BM. with that Irad bwd-lymo uo i^it 

SooUf Baaaafyaa Poems, ^ 199, it 20. 

"PkobaUy an otror in MS. for kmvUU, bound ;** 
Lord Hailaa. But thoro ia no reaaon for aaapocting 
any error. For Sw. kUi^ Dan. kii^ both aignif y patty, 
or tlie oement oaed b^ gUriera; whence Dui. tìU-tr, to 
oement ; Sw. kSaa^ id. Thia ezaotly oorreaponda to 
the idea ol bhrd-iinUt mentioned as that by meana of 
' ' ti^y are lyttiC 


Ihrb haa observed that words in Gothic end- 
iDsr in L9 often denote something of a cir- 
emar form. He mentions, in proof of this, 
Aofil^ haily kwirfwet^ a whirlpool^ spindelf a 
q^mdLe^ &c^ to. Hagd. 

Elsewhere he xemarks, after the Latin philo- 
kgists, that this letter has, aliquid blandU 
a certain softness in it, for which reason it 
is often nsed. 

L^ in, onr langna^, is a letter evidently de- 
noting diminntion* In this sense it occurs 
ill the formation of hagrel, a child ; gangarel^ 
gamgr^lf a child beginning to walk, q. a little 
ganger; hangreUf^.y. 

Ihre^ in order to prove that Oothic diminutives 
aie formed by this letter, refers to Moes.-0. 
mawUo^ a diminutive from matrt, a cirl, bar^ 
nilOf a little child, from bam ; Su.-O. kyck" 
tbngy a chicken^ wtkUng^ an effeminate man. 
He remarks the aflSnily of the Lat. in this 
respect ; as, in puelba^ euhellus, &c. In 
Oemu I is also a mark of diminution ; as, 
mammtf homuncio^ from mofi, homo ; t fethj, 
Uq^illns, a little stone, from «fetn, lapis* 

Qeraugengelny like gangrel^ is a term employed 
with respect to infants, who have not learned 
the proper use of their feet« Su*-G. ^uzen^ 
%, denotes one who walks in a tottering 
war. y. Ihre, vo. Gunga. From tiiese, 
ana a variety of other examples, it would 
appear, indeed, that, in the northern 
languages, { not only marks diminution, but 
forms ttie termination of those words which 
express inequality of motioo, or a proneness 

to fall; as, E. vBoddU^ viewed as a diminu- 
tive from wade^ wriggUf hobble^ Ac, S. 
hoddUy to waddle, weeggU^ id., toddle^ to tot- 
ter in walkings coggkf to cause to rock, 
9hoggl^ to shake, weMl, easily moved from 
one siae to another, Trom A.-S. voaf-^an^ to 
wave ; baekUf skaehUp &c. 
It is prob. more than merely accidental, that 
many words terminate in I or fe, which 
denote the falling or dispersion of liquids 
in drops or in smaller quantities ; as, E. 
dribbUf iriekk^ sprinkk^ araggU ; S. btbble^ 
Mcuttle, q. V. A sanguine philologist might 
fancy tnat he perceived a resemblance 
between the Kquid sound of the letter, and 
that of the object expressed. 

X, in S., seems sometimes to denote con- 
tinuation or habit. Thus, aangrel also 
signifies one who is accustomed to wander 
from place to place; haivrelf one who is 
habituated to foolish talking, or haivering^ 
S.; Mtumralf applied to a horse which is 
prone to stumbling. 

It may perhaps be added, that / or fe is f re- 

Juently used as the termination of words 
enoting trifling or procrastination in 
motion or action ; as, E. fiddlefaddU ; S. 
haingUt to hang about in a trifling way, 
daddUf druUUf to be slow in motion ; foi^/f, 
to delay ; pingil^ to work diligently without 
much progress ; muddle^ id., niddle^ &c. 

Z, after broad a, as occurring in E. words, is 
changed into silent ti, or to; as, maut^ taut^ 
for malif ialt^ £c. 



To LAt 9. a. To lay. 



OUdtti «iU I biOih iw|idn and kra, 
' wiekl is to myst eitb 

[ToLAAO,«. o. To pull or dnff bj united 
eAirtt SlietL Sa.-0. t^igga^ to oru ; Dan. 
bmgf a number of penons anited for some 

[Laao, •• A pall, as at tbe oars or in drag- 
ging a boat over a beach, ibid. 

[LAAffBBy adj. Keen; eager, earnest, ibid.] 

[LAAOER, f. The Halibut, (PUwnnuctu 
* ^Ppoglo99UM)y ShetL] 

[TjAAMTET, f • A term of endearment, a 
little lamb, ibid* 

[LAANy Lah*, #• The field, as opposed to 
the stack^jard and f aim-yard. Banffs.] 

[7b gio€ afloHgh Laav. To set a plough so 
that it may cut a broader furrow. 71» giv€ 
a pitnigh Earth, to set it so that it may cut 
a deeper furrow, ibid.] 

[tàAAKìUJaL #• A mark on land by which 
saikfB and fishermen steer, S.] 

{ttAAjf&'UAKf Lah'sxan, s. a landman as 
opposed to a sailor or fisherman, ibid.] 

[LAAii-6n>a, liAn'-eroB, #• The part of a 
plouj^ lying to the unplonghed land.] 

[Laav-^tkhl, s. The parapet of a bridge, 

[LAAR, i. A light breesè, ShetL Dan. lair* 

*y» M.] 

[LAAB, #• A boat, a fishing boat, ibid. 
Belg. laarB^ boats.] 

[To LAAY, V. n. To hover like a bud, 
ShetL Dan. kmertf lave, id.] 

[Laatdt, parCpr. Hovering; used also as a 
«., expressive of the motion of a large bird 
hovenng over its prey, ibid.] 

To LAB, V. a. To beat. Loth. 7b Aim is 
used in the same sense in vulgar E., which 
Mr« Herbert properly deduces from IsL 
ìamd^ slaughtered. 
GL BL Asft-icM^ to aUp^ to stnp^ to imp. 

LAB, LsB, «• A lump, or large piece of any- 
thing S« ; perhaps tne same with E. lobe]^ 
divisioiL ; as, a lobe of the lunge. 

[To Lab, Lbb, v. a. To lift in large pieces; 
henoe, to get through work qmcluv, as, 
-^ &I& up your parritch an' rin,** Clydes., 
Perth&y Banff s. J 

LAB, e. A stroke, a blow, Ang. 

II aMm to be gananlly vmà maU^horicAlly, to 
doioto » luuidle for crimination, nn ooossion for inveo- 
tÌTss oorrasponding to Or. Xii/9v, mim^ nuuiabriiim, 
oooMio; nltQoagh most probably tht rMembUnoe ia 
merslj aoetdentoL Ibrs obsenrM tbat Sir. ìabhe 
denotes the hand, etpedally one of n Ui^ge liat ; vo. 

G. B. ffoft^ a slripeu » wfaippuuL a ■troke i Owen ; 
faft^ ktiu, Lhayd. 

To LAB, V. a. 1. To pitch, to toss out of the 
hand, TiftTi ftr^*^ 

Thii term ezpresMe the set of diichamng anjr thing, 
by bringing the hand enddenly forwaiu, and keeping 
the arm in a Tertical position ; the awing being ttmihur 
to that of a pendnlnm. 

GaeL Utimk'aighamf (puNi. Ibv-) to throw, from iamk, 
the hand. C. B. Uav, *'that extends, or goea oat ; *' 

[2. To fall flatly, as, <<to lab in the gUur,** 
to fall flatly in the mud.] 

Lab, «• The act of throwing as described 
above, ibid. Penny^tanee, quoits, Ac, are 
said to be thrown with a lab. 

To L ABBER, Lebbes, v. a. 1. To soil or be- 
spatter. A child is said to labber itself, 
when it does not take its food in a cleanly 
way; Loth. 

It aeema to cUim the aame origin with E. dahber, 
with which it ia aynon. 

[2. To make a noise with the lips when drink- 
ing, or when taking liquid food, S.] 

[Labber, e. 1. The act of making a noise 
with the lips in a liquid, ibid. 

2. The noiso made by the lips in a liquid, 

[Labberdt, nart. pr. Used also as a «., and 
as an adj. m botn senses of the v., ibid.] 

To LABE, Lave, v. a. To lade, to lay on a 
burden ; terms used in Leadhills. 

LABEY, Labt, e. The /ap or skirt of a 
man's coat, Roxb. 

To him hie tailt he qnickly pa*d, 
Wl' aa great haite aa may be : 
Bat hi the trm^, the coaW thro't 
Had bunt hu new coat laòey, 
ComUnf Smiddg^ A. SeoU^s Poems, p. SSw 
V. LiBBIt. 

* To LABOR, Laboue, Laboube, r. a. 
To plough the ground, to ear, S. 

" That the temnandia aaU ìabourt k manure the aaid 
landia qohil the aaid tyme, A thareftir pay thar malia 
to the parti j that optenia the Undia.*' Act. Dom. 
Cone., A. 1479, p. 44. 

*'Tliey keeped the fieida in their higfaUnd weed 
Qp^u foot* wita aworda — and other highUnd arma, and 
firat bMan to rob and apuilyie the earla tenanta who 
labourta their poaieaaionaof their haiU gooda» gear, in- 
eight pleniahing^*' Ac. Spalding; i. A 

'* With power— to the aaidia BaiUeia, ooonaall and 
iwBÌtM^ to ituUfOitr and mannra aio pairtia A fon* 




of Ihair oommoiutM m tlMy waXL think 
•nediMil.'' Ac Aeti. Chft. L, Ed. 18K V. 676. 

nit MBM of tbt tann had fonBcrl j bMn ownwimi 

** I Ubmtrt th« j«rth« m plowvoian. or gudAyiiMi, 
or thay that haao rjnm ao.-— Tnlljo pravaeth the 
paotyma to labour the jectha abooo all otoar oxer- 
ojfflOL" Paligr., K uL, F. 274, a. 

It Im tk¥t. MUon ; Jo loftoofo la tarra. Ibid., F. 

Laboubov*, i. 1« That part of agricultural 
work which denotes the prejparattoa of the 
aril for receiyiiig the seed, S. 

S. «A farm," S. Sir John Sinclair's Observ^ 
p. 181. 

LAWBORABLEy adj. In a state fit for being 
plowed ; Fr. labourabU* 

— ''That the aaid four hnabaiid landia oflarit, to hir 
ia Chdano. were oardrerin with aaod, and nocht arable 
■or iambirable^ hot baraae A waiat." Act. Dom. 
Ooao.* A. 1492; p. 293, 294. 

(I^ABROD, Labord, t. The flat board on 
which a tailor sets antl smooths his seams ; 
also^ the cant name for a tailor^ Cljrdes. 

Ai aooa'k ahe leakt tha aood J biald. 

Where labrod he aat eockia*, 
''OoBM down," ahe eried, " joa lomp o* afld. 

va sota ha'a bockaa 
la Node, thia dayt 

A. WUstm'a Ftmu, 1878, p 44.] 

LACHT, $• A fine or penalty; Aberd. Heg. 
poitim. v. Unlaw. 

LACHTEBy 9. A lecher. 

Game ye to wow one laaae, now laeller, 

Te ar aa raaeh their win be alachter. 

To win not apair aor apair qahab aaefat hir. 

i>!Mlafii^ A i». JL, iii 8L 

Jimtoa deriToa laeAaroiia from Fland. loel, loxorioaiia, 
boerroo; Lja^ twuk Ann. Ik, laeeÌTiia. Theee eeem 
ladBoaUf the eaoio with Germ, lakk-em, laeeÌTÌre» acor- 
iari. Ita original aonae ie Indent Id. leUt-a, whence 
■uaatrela or mvaioiane were denominated Mkari, VereL 
Ind. ) l^iart, loaor^ Into, arnica, O. Andr. ; Sa.-G. 
Cil-a^ Indere; laadnra. 

LACHTER, $. 1. A fowl is said to have laid 
all h€r laehUTf when it is supposed that she 
will lajr no more eggs for some time, S. 
làockter^ Perths. 

In Th€ Oimdtt and Chom, it ia aaid— 

la eftpriag aoon ao lidi he graw. 
That caQdna'a childraa he eoa*d riew. 
While thaa ahe Uv'd hia dariiar pet. 
Bar fadUcKa laid with whii^ahe'a aat 

JfaKaan'a />^(8ia, pi aa 

LamghUt^ I find, ia ozpreadyipTeB aa a local tenn in 
B. **^cMaAler, laTÌng; aa, a hen lajra her kuuAter, 
that ia, all the ogp Ao wiU lav that tiaBO." Bay*a 
Lett, p. 331. 

S. It is said metaphoricallj of a female who 

goes beyond truth in narration, **Ske*i UlCd 

oiM mort <Aaa A«r jaucAter, i.e^ she has made 

addition to the story f Roxb. 

A* Bor. loiafcr ia andonbtedly the aamo, although 
thia adgfat acaroely ooeor from Qroae'a 
thirteen agga, to aet a hen." OL 


Sibb. properly refeia to Teal Ugh^ifd, the time of 
laying; ovatio. e^feren legghm, ova ponere. U. bam§- 
kg, loei matricia vol aoeuadina, O. Andr. 

LACETTER, Laichtbr, «. 1. A hyer, 
stratum, or flake. A laehier of iooo^ a flisdce 
of wool, Aug. 

Xoeftfcr ia oaed FOrtha. Twoedd. ; aa, a loehier'ot hay 

It ia need in the aame aeaee in GaQoway. A lackter 
of com ia aa much aa the hand can hold. • 

*'I wiah — ^the lad bairn wad tak coonael, and no 
loae time by keeking ay in the maiden'a face ilka 
lattekier he Uya down.** Biackw. Hag., Jan. 1821, 
p. 402. 

2. A lock; as, a lauehier ofhaÌTf S. 

He gae to ne a cattle kailii, 
And beda me keap it aa my life ; 
Thna lauekUn o hia yellow heir, 
For fear we wad ne'er meet mair. 

Remaùu ^f JTUMadaU Smg, p. 208. 

A* that he giad me to my propiae, 

Wea a pair of graaa gloTas aoa a gaylgold rin^, 

Three umchUn of hu yellow hair, 

In caaa that we ahoo'd meat aaa meir. 

BoihwM, MenToColL, L 81 

Tent, logik-en, oomponere foonnm in metam. Sa.-G. 
laL lag, a layer; from facyg-o, ponere; Belg. laag. 
Teat lo^^Ae. 

LACHTEBSTEAD, #. The ground occu- 
pied by a house, as much jzround as is 
necessary for building on, S. B. 

8B.-0. UÈtgeniad, » bed-chamber, a lodffing-room ; 
from lacker, a conch, and atad, a plaoe. Lo/egtr, laL 
Ugr, Ugri, ia from Ugg-ia, Moee-Q. Ug-an, to lie. Thua 
the term loeAlerateocf originally cooToyed the aimplo 
idea of a place when one'e couch might be laid^ or 
when one might make hia bed. We nae it only in a 
aeeondary aenae; aa the principal uae of a hoaae, in 
the aayage etate of aociety, ie aa a olace of raat daring 
night. Bolg. Itffer alao denotea a bed ; etn leger van 
olroo, a bed of atraw : honoe leyenied, a place to lie 

£. leaguer, oaed to denote a aiege, baa the aamo 
orimn. Ihe word properiy aigniM a cam^ ; Tent. 
Uffier, Germ, lager, Sa.-G. laeger, Dan. Uyer, id. ; 
fiom legg-en, Sa.-G. ligg'O, ponere, jacero ; becanae 
troope take their atation there. Hence, S. leagerlady, 
q. T. 

To LACE, V. a. To slight, to vilify, Banffs. 

y. Lak. 

[Lack, #• The act of vilifying, ibid. Laekin 
is also used with same meamng, BanfFs.] 

[LACEIE, 8. The third stomach of a rumin- 
ating animal, the omasum, Shetl. NorsCy 
lakjey id.] 

LAD, 8. 1. It is used as signifying one in a 
menial situation. 

Pandaria, pykthankis, cnatronia tad datteraria, 
Loapia fp fkom laddie, aiaa Uchts amang laitUa. 

Lgndeafe Warkie, 1682, p. 188. 
'* £o(f or knaao. Oareio.*' Prompt. Parv. 

It atill denotee a male eenrant, who baa not arriyed 
at manhood, or at leaat at hia primes 8. 




S« A iwMtliMurty S. 

ladamlliffiaMldi for ay alB M, 




At flidiw «Hni^ Mw èbiklt fttMft IIm enilL 
ikad WStf nloftM to lotdaliiM all thair lalat. 

•«£if «p 10» » kiid, and Mtk lik« a fad,"& Ptot. s 
^ntkM to them vlio tak« BO can to Uy up what th«y 
kM ÌB thdr haiid% and to mnai drudge in aeeking of 

3. A Toaii^ man who is anmamed; as, ^ Ke*È 
ao mamed yet, he's only a lad,"* S. 

Adld lad. An old bachelor, Angos. 

Hm srigÌB b oartainlj A.-8, leod^ Javania. laL 
ikM^ Mnmib mnaeipiuBt aaama alliod. V. Serm. 

iy #• A male child, S. 
*ff^ TS" Ef* ?!?S* •'*^"" 

■aldm had a 1»aw lad bmm, 

Mmr£9 CàlL, a 1491 

"I BOtiead, in tba eonzao of tfiia yaar, that than 
a gptaS fliirislaBtng of !ad bahms, than had arar 
I in mf JHV daring my mcnmbaneir ; and mva 
viit pawoua aaiJ. that it had baan long held aaa 
p fBl pi oa tftfa tion of war, when the birtha of male 

eUdrHi oatnnmbeied that of femalea." Ann.- of the 

Bm;, pi 180L 

Ladder #• 1. A boj ; a diminutÌTe from 
hd, 6.1 Tladdii of the gtoere, choristers, 
Aecta. lu H. Treasurer, i. 824, Dickson.] 

ii. BeMrfe had bat a Utfii't twoid, 
Bit ha did mair than a ladtf 1^9 deed : 
fior that Bwoffd had daar'd Conaooathart greca. 
Bad it not brake 0'« Janwf^iam'a head. 

M im § tn i i p JB9fdtt, L 19L 

!• A fondling term, properly applied to a young 

ff kitt and Ua and a' had iwora, 
rd Mkw the gjpaie Utf i^ 

iUlam'a A AMff, a 171 

To LADDER, Leddeb, v. a. To apply a 
taddir to, for the pnipose of ascending^ S. 

rnahing forward to iaddtr the 
him.** Pitaoottie^ p. 191. Ed. 18K 

I«ADE»Laxd,«* a load, in general; as much 
aa man or beast can carry ; pL &ufw, S. 

Tear deith end waithwffl nefer teU with me, 

Momfi BtUnort, p. SQL 

Heaoa a Mi of mmo^ two boUa, the quantity aof • 
ia«l to load a hoffie. & 

To Ladx, Ladew, Laidik, v. o. To load, S. 

«**¥ntk power to pakand pmll,— and alaa to laidia 
aad dialadtn theaaidia merehandice and gaidia." Acte 
Cka. L, Ed. 18K v. 08a 

dM^ faidtei; heavily kiaded, S. Thia ta not the 
part. pa» of tlio old v. Lade^ for thia would be /adm. 
Tho lattH** h ow e rer , aeema to be the root of oar Terbw 
▼• ÌMunw. 

liADB-MAiry Laid-icak, #• 1. A man who 
has the chaiKo of ahorse.load,or of a pack* 

• Ae latf aiM. that imm w j r t weOlv 
Hiai kait thair ladri doan in by ; 
Aad thalr goiniYi CMlioerly, 
That haylyi thalin, thai kart awav; 

Iht BnkOi^ tL M^ Ed. 1S9D. 

Xada-aicii, Ed. 1820L 

S. The servant belonging to a mill, who has 
thecharge of driving the ìoadè to the owners, 
as well as lifting them up, S. 

Ladenin time* The time of laying in 
winter provisions, S. 

It aaami doabtfal whether we ooffht not to derire 
thia from another Scandinavian wonC wliich waa moat 
wMtiLj of general oae. Miyinaen hae obeerved Uiat 
laL Alodoi m the moot ancient apeech, aiffnified to 
alaaghter or fell men or beaata. Fonòg til Forfclaring 
over nogleateder af Oaaian'a DigtOi p. 14. Thna ladeat a 
fNiu might be oiiginaUy the aame aa ttaughterittg time, 

Sa.*0. lod-o, to hmo together, to atofl^ oongarere, 
atipara, Ihre. Henoe Auio, a bam, becaoae grain ia 
coUoeted in it. 

[Laden't, part. pa. Loaded, A. Wilson's 
Poems, 1876, p. 102.] 

LADE, Lead, Mill-Lade, s. The canal or 
trench which carries the water of a river or 
pond down to a mill« S* 

*' Myllera take the fry, or amolta of aalmon, in the 
mvin oame or lead, oontnur the ordinance of the law." 
CiMi/mcWàia Abr, c 11, f 4. 

- ** Qif ony man happenia to deatroy or cast down aae 
other man% miln-dam or £etW,^he aall be compellit to 
Mj the owner thairof the damnaga^** Ac; Aalfoor'a 
Pnot., p. 494. 

Thia leanied lawyer aeema to oae the term aa onder- 
dood in hie tune to aignify the paaaage which led to 
the mibi. For he apoaka of "ane water peaaage," 
which *'cnmia^ kiUUmd and eondaoeaNd the water fra 
the dam to the miln." Ibid., p. 483. 

Camden renders lade, *' paaaage of watera;" obeenr- 
ing thati in an old glomary, o^aacdbfcliif ta tranalated 
waUr4ada; Bemaina, p. 147. A.-S. iiad!^ canalia; 
Teat, le^ie, aqoaedaetaa. BaUlie gi vea mUUtii^ mUkat, 
aa need m the aame aenae. 

LADE-STEBNE, Leide-Stebne, #. l.The 
polestar, £• loadttar. 

— ilfvtanw, qohilk wa eal the Uid* eUme, 
The doaUa rreie waill couth ha daoama. 

2. Metaphorically a leader, guide, or pattern. 

Laatarae, lade tUrwe, myrroor, and A p^ m, 

From A.-S. Uad-an, 8a.-G. led-a, laL làd-a. Tent. 
Ifyd-en, dnoere^ o. the leading or conducting atar ; Tent 
leffd'tUrrt, alao £yi, id. cynoaara, polna. E. loodifane 
baa the aame origin. The Icelandera caU the magnet 
IMar^Mdnn, iKgàM viae, from I6d, a way ; Landnamabok, 


[LADEISi i.posi. Lady's ; ** our ladeit enn 
man/!* onr Ladv MaiVs eve, Barbour, xvii. 
335, Skeat's ££] 




LADIES-FINOERS» «. pL Woodbiae or 
Honejr-iackle^ Boxb. 

vvlohv Aathyllii ToliMnkria. 

LADNAIRE, LAiDNSBy Labdxer, «. A 
larder, the place where meat is kept, S. 

A ÌMdt imIU tluf BUM 1m nuk. 

lor adlly Md mattjraiMl bind, and wyna, 

BiB an to gIddTr in a mellyiia, 

Tkat «M vaninly far to m. 

Thiifcr tho mm of that oountrè, 

fbr iva faU thar melljt war, 

cum It tlM llMoyiM loftiiMr. 

JMoMT. T. 410, MS. 

XotAMT balBg iho Tolgar pronunciAtton, it ia altored 
to tlii% adtl. ifiO^ with tho addition of a line : 

— Cdlad it tha Dowolaa iMiiMtfv^ 
Aid vffl ba aallad toil mony yaara. 

It oooon in both forma in oar old Aota : 
*'Thay laj aao kurdmtr in great, and aallaa in thair 
beitha 00 paoaa, oontimir tho Uwaa and atatntaa of 
boROWW.** CkiUwMrkm Air, o. 8, i 10. Lardarium 

^««flor thia eaoaa nn fiahor aoold make kudtter.** 
Tha groand of oomplaint avidantly wia, that flaahen 
ilaGm kapt by tnom a atock of what ahoold have 
1 branght to inarkot. 
Lyo ooadaetoraa that Arm. lard, fat» may ba the 
jfoi of fanitr. 

LADBONE, Latdbon, «. A lazj knave ; 
kdihroHfS. It often signifies a slovea, a drab. 

Qakair baa thow bane, &U iadrom bwn ? 
IXijttaBd, and drinkajid, in tha toon ? 

XfMlaV. &P.Jt, iL a 

Hm it ii naad aa if an ad jectÌTe. 

Bat wban IndaBUiity eaoM. down, 

Iha faMfcwi cao^t ma by tha thmpple. 

WoimmVCM,, L p. IL 

Brt Magnr wba fa' waU did kaa. 

The lorilag lailhenni mMuiing, 
Pot a' tha lada apo' tha loaot, 

Aa'bada thflm rtanch their araanlna. 

Dmriouon'a Sta$onM, p. 90. 

8ibbw Tiewt it aa *' probably a Tariation of Itirdane, 
if BDl iram Xanl ieiig, otioaoa, deaea, aapinna, and the 
tir^^^** ft— i{.i^»;^M» 1.1.M *» Itaeemamoretoreaemble 
8n.-0. hit laiy, loetf -ioi^ to be indolent ; or Udder^ 
q. T.— q. Udder am, a laqr one. 

It may be obeerred, howoTor, that laL loddare, ia 
need in a auailar aenae ; impama at inviaae notae tene- 
biio^ qnaoi la oom^a» inaalae hirantoa ; G. Andr. 
He aaama todedaoe it from lod, earth rough with graaa, 
hdhtu, hairy, rough, ahaggy ; while he mentiona Fr. 
kmrd aa a nriMMi* term. Bat the laL word haa evidently 
■Mie alBnify to ladrone than to lurdeuie, q. v. 

LADBY,f. "« Idle kds," Pink. 

Ibay loftt Boebt with iadry, nor with Iowa, 
Her with trampoan to travel throw tha towo. 

Una aaama imther to mean what the Fr. call cojkiiV^ 
8. camdiffi, perliape from A-S. leod»wera, inoola, leod- 
wmmi, oommon people, Somnp. laL /yda r, plebe ; or, as 
thia tarn is oonneoted with trumpoun, deoeivera, it 
may be allied to lal. loddari, a travelline maaician, a 

»r, IndlOb hiatrio^ probably from Uod, camien, 
Utfikt'km, canera^ laL lawitr-mtnue ia rendered 
wmeL from iauder, ìandr, apoma, aa E. aciim ia 
LiUr metme, honro vilia, a lodnr^ apuma, q. 
ma homob i.e;, Ìnatilia ot ^oma. Olai. Lex. Run. 
O. Andr. «zpL ioddare, aa aigniiying a dirty aneak- 

LAD'S-LOVE* i. A name given bv the 
oountiy ffirls in Aberdeens. to Southern- 

wood. v. OVBBENTIE. 

LAD-WEAN, i. A man-chQd, S. 

I baa aoeht left ma ata, 

.Ochon, oohon, oehrie, 
Bat bonay orphan Iflrf-Maea* twa, . 

To mak theur brmd wi Bia. 

JteòOf JUief, IL 17& 

* LADY, «• The title universally given, in 
former timesi to the wife of a landholder in 
Scotland. It is still used in some parts of 
the country. 

"The lord, or laird, waa deaigned from hia aetata, 
and hia wife waa liufy by the aame deaignation even 
down to modem timea.*' Pink. Hiat SootL, L 3S0. 

LADY-BRACKEN, «. The female fern, 
Dumfr., Boxb. 

'* Amidat the deep aolitade of the moor I found one 
or two of the martyra* grave atonea, and having removed 
the heather and decayed leavea of iady-braelbm which 

ooFered the inaoription, and haTÌnff netted aloud- 
'8atan*a Lamentation for Orieraon of Laog,' I renewed 
my journey." Blaokw. Mag., June ISaoTp- 278. V. 

LADY-DAY. Y.Mabtmess. 

fruit of the bramble, Teviotd. 

In Sweden the atone-bramMe ia denominated Jirji47- 
/nAaar, or Young Lady'a berry, and Jlarimbatir, or 
the Virgin Kary'a berry. 

LADY LANDERS. V. Landers. 

LADY-PRIEN, #. The small kind of pin 
in E. called Minikin^ Loth. ; evidently as 
being of no use but for ladies in the nicer 
parts of dress. 

LADYS (OUR) ELWAND, the vulgar 
designation of the constellation called 
Orion's Girdle, S. B. V. Elwaxd. 

LADY^S (OUR) HEN. A name given to 
the Lark (^Alauda arvensis) in Orkney. 

" Thero ia one day in hanreat, on which the mora 
ignorant, eapeeially m Bouaa, aay, if any work the 
ndffaa will blood [bleed]. The Lark aome call Our 
Laay*9 Hen, And aome auch Popiah drega aro to be 
found.'* Brand*a Orkn., p. 61. 

Ineed aoaroely add that thia name haa been conferred 
in eom^iment to the Virgin Mary. V. Laxdibs. 

[LAEOER,*. v. Laager.] 

[LAENERLY, ado. Lonely, singly, alone, 

LAFE, Laiff, Latff, Lave, Law, e. 
The remainder after partition or divbion, 
the persons or things remaining; pron. 
laice^ S. Jave, A. Bor. 

And the tovt tyne, that deile war thar, 
..i^to grvat p vttia ardyt war. 

Barhfmr, xiiL 686, MS. 






Mftn^ tinft worthy WW ia detd, 
■ kjBt» Md atoklt of the li^. 

mU hi IkM, An woOdnd Ood iwftwo 
p ito w i Mnil oad mwIo unuig th« Icnff; 
OKMÌ& M I Mur MchI thus dsfoad. 

rflffawf^ a 174, JTSL 

1.4L Vik UomL-O. IM-CB, Alom. lejftòa, lol. teff, 
8«.«0. Ic^MT, Qonn. loA^ id.; all from tho difTeront 
who «gMl|fi«g to Immc 

LAFFT, a4f\ Soft, not pressed together; 
••» 1^^ A^ bay that has not been trodden 
into a oompact mass; a hfftf /eaiker bed^ 
ftciy' IjanaiKs. 

Tmk W. flieaidB% lUluui.. Id. k/t doootoo what 
It loooo ia a certaia ieBae, boiag appliod to what hangs 
iattJaalato; pondalnalaMrMiiii; whonoo to^ laciniae 
pwdwlii ; O. Aiidr. 

LlAFT, «. 1. a floor, always as distingnished 
from the ground floor, 8. 

Ifalr ikflnt thaa thino BIT Is/b an found. 

A. aùoU9 Fmm», 18U, p. IL 

9. A giJleiy, a b>f t, S. 

"I obnTTod a peeraoo ftmn h«r Mat in the front 
of iàm ì^fi opponto to mo^ tpoaking vehemflntly to a 
lit kid at tiM tabia holow." Steamboat, p. 220. 

8a.-0. 1^ aoporior Qootignatio; C. B. doA id. 

IjAFT, Loft, •• The fitness of any soil to 
leoeiTe one species of seed, or produce one 
kind of grain, in preference to another; the 
actoal state of ground in rebition to ASri- 
cdtnral puiposes; as, **That hind's in fine 
&f^ for aits,* Le., oats; Loth. TuIandP/y 
may be Tiewed as synon. terms. 

b oaa of tho oldoot ooipoo of Tak your aM cloak 
' 'pM, tha axth Tono M thna given : 

HTs Oka kad hat iti ain laA 
Uk kind of eora hM Its ain hool ; 

I lUak tho wHTld bs gans daft. 
Whoa flka wife hor man wad ndsL 

b Thoasooa'a Soloet Collection, toL iii., lavgh is the 
wwd mod; ia Pinkerton's Comio Ballads, ii. 110, 
iMpl. Ib bott tho thiidlino does not rhyme with the 

I Ihlak the waild Is a' rva wrong. 

If Is/I bo not the original wofd, iauck seems to have 
Iha best oiaim, as dign£qring law or custom. 

Ikn. Ìs a i ^ i^tare ; sosMe i ktvo, oomponere, dispo- 
ams; Bedsn. 

I«AO| adj. 1. ^ Sluggish, slow, tardy. It is 
out of use, but retained in Scotland;'' Johns. 

flfadda wf esie we often lag ; 
****^**** about a gill we*ra log 

rorrsf's Fot mif p. 1S9L 

p. Habitualljr kte, the kst, Clydes.; ^ye 
wudna be ncht an ye were na tag : they re 
bame afore ye.** 

Ia this soass^ whkh ia oommon in Banfis. also, tag, 
ma^ bo a oontr. for lagabag,] 

Laooie-bao, •• The hindmost or last, Fife ; 
apparently from lag and aback. 

[LAGonSy #• A loiterer, late-comer, ShetL] 

[LAG AT, «• A piece of cloth or wool tied 
to the mane or tail of a horse, or to the 
wool of a sheep, as a mark of distinction^ 
Shetl. IsL lagdr^ a tuft of hair, a lock of 

LAOENEy Laooen, pron. Uiggen^ $. 1. 
The projecting part of the staves at the 
bottom of a bushel or cask, S. 

*' That— the edge of the bottom, entring within the 
lagme, be pared ont-with, towarde the nether side ; 
and to be made in«with plaine and just rvle lidit.'* 
Aeti, Ja. Ti, 1587, c 114. 

IsL k>egg is defined in the same manner ; Tenninns 
fundi, sea indsora, qua fundus cum corpora vasis 
oonstmcti ooit ; O. Aadr., p. 160. Margo, vol inotsura 
Tasialignei àfundo; Haldorson. 

2. The angle within, between the side and 
bottom of a cask or wooden vessel, S« 

. An' I has seen their coggie fou, 

That Tet hae tanow Vat it ; 

But or the day was dons, I trow, 

lbs lagam thej hae claatet 

fu clean that dar. 

Sa.*0. laga is used precisely in the first sense. 
Uswpatur-Hlo ultima parte lignorum in ▼asis ligneis, 
ouao extra oommissuraa eminet ; Ihre. In aeneral, it 
denotes the extremity of anv thing. E. ledge is eri- 
dently allied : whence probably our phrase, me kdgine 
of a frigg, tot the parapets of a bridge. 

To Laoen, Laooen, v. a. To repair the 
laggen of a vessel, Clydes. 

IsL lagg^ fundum per indsuras aptare trasi ligneo ; 

Laoen-oibd, «• A hoop securing the bottom 
of a tub or wooden vessel, S. 

To eaal a lagem-gird^ to boar a spurious ohild, S. 

Or bains can read, they fint maun spell, 

I kan'd this free my mammy, 
And eooff a legm girth myaol, 

La&g or I manied Tammie. 

Bammg'e Poems, L 874. 

** There wis ana o' the queans, I belioTe, had caoten 
• lagen^gML'* Journal from London, p. 7. 

^'•'Bodie!' addressing the fiddler, 'yell souk the 
laggen-ghrd off the quaigli, and mar your minstrelsy and 
oor mirth.'" ^aekw. Mag., Jan. 1821, p. 407. 

(XAOOEB, Laioeb, t. Mire; a muddy 
place : pi. Itngerg^ mud spots, Clydes., S. B.] 

[To Laooer, Laioer, v. a. and n. 1. To 
bemire, bespatter, ibid. 

2. To walk through, or fall into a mire or 
puddle, ibid. 

3. To encumber, overload, ibid. 

4. To walk lazily or with difBculty; as, **He 
cam' laigerm alang as if naebody wantit 
him,'' ibid.] 

(TiAOOEBor, Laioerin, part. pr. Used also 
as a «., and as an ttdu in the senses above, 




hAaamKT,tuff. Ifiiy, dirty. A toggery road, 
m road tiutt is omrend mth mire, S. B. V. 

Laoobbit, Laiobbt, vari. pa. 1. Bemired, 
betmeared with mod, S. 

Tb« Uw vdto floddwit aD WTtti ipnti, 
Tht pkat ■tnCis aodMitfy nis way 
VoU of fliiieUa» dabMf, myn and clay, 
Z40ffrtf Ityb wallowit Imit aelitw, 
Braua amni kytUi thai* wiadnyt moHj hew. 

This wofd mupmnm m mora primitÌT* form in O. K 

ira pnminTO 


•^Lagg^ or bodimba^ 

9« Encombered, from whaterer cause ; as by 
heavy annoiur, S. B. 

Ab* aa ywi ay b7 iP — d o' St 

fWtemflKdoamy daad, 
laa l^mwtf wi* tkto boakaooM graith, 

To vQl tyM kaaf yow tpeed. 

» tkt Emckan MHaUd, p. 12. 

Badd. wipp owa thai thia may bo oompoonded of 
A.-8. loM, wator, uAgara, gargea. Thia, aa far at 
laoit 00 it raipoeti tho mat of thoae worda, ia the only 
pnMblo oonjoetoro omong n Tariety which he throwa 
OBl SiL-O. tag. laL Umg^. Uuig^ur, water ; log-ur, 
a ooQaetioik of walon. Tho ndical term ia, laa, nnda 
taann Lma ia Horranr 8. it aaed to denote the aea ; 

LAOBfAN, «• The president in the snpreme 
conrt formerly hela in the Orkney Islands, 

''Tho praaidMi^ or principal peiaon in the Lawtino; 
was Buned tfa* €fnai FcA or Lafjmam.** Barrfs 
OriiMjK. p. 217« 

SB.-0. Jagmam^ Id. lagmadr, jndez ^TÌndalia 
r"* ***^ mgnA TetarMdianatioua, quippe qm non judex 
tmitam onl in ooBTontioiia pablicia» aed etiam coram 
Baoa triboDÌtiam potaatatem ezoicnit ; Ihra, to. Lag, 

LAORAETMAN, «. One acting as an 
officer to a logman. 

**Am the chief Jadgo had a coandl conaiating of 
Mvoral m embara ca&ed ifo^Umen or connaellora, ao the 
mi wior ooea rXtf^fiMii] had their cooncil bÌèo, compoaed 
of momben aaiiominated Lagraeimen or Linerightmen, 
who wore « kind of conatabka for the execution of 
Jnotioa ia their r aapoct Ì To ialanda." Sarrg'è Orlmeit^ 

f^om Sa.-0. iag. law, and raeitf ri^t ; men whoee 
hnsinaaa it waa to aeo that Juatice waa done according 
to law. 

LAICH, Latchb (gntt.)* adj. Low in 
aitnation. Y. Laioh, adj. 

JjAiOHfM. AhoUoWyalowphun. V.LAiOHyj. 

LAICH of a eaU. [Cloth in general.] 

**Iitam, fyro oDia and thra qnartera of freait claith 

* of fold rainyeit with Uak, contening in the haill to 
ijW9 litla pocaa^ a half of the lakh of a coit thairin 

• ooBlMÌti Mint with acaiUia.— The claith of gold wea 
OBplmt lob. 1M6; and the lakh of the coit deliverit 
ia Jan. IBM,*" laTentorica, A. 1561, p. H9. 

JMcA aaema to bo the aame with Laik, q.v., aa here 
iianifriag eloth in meraL Half of the lakh of a coU^ 
'*aalfaamneholotCaaionoc^eflary for making a coat." | 


LAICHLYy oA*. A laieUy btrdam ; Lvnd- 
sar. y. Wash. Perliaps it should be 
IsiM/y. Y. Laithub. 

[LAICIS, Lasis, Latcis, : pL Laces« 
Aocts. L. H. Treasurer, L 27, 25d, 190, 

[LAID, «. A load; hence, laidrhort^ a pack- 
horse, lotei-ffMiiy sumpter men. Y. Lade.] 

LAID, $. The pollack, a fish. Y. Ltthe. 

LAID, «• People, the same with Leid^ Lede. 

Oif thow meftia cay UM lent on the Uog, 
Oar thame boaa to thia bundi, I tell the mine intent 

Rtu^OoUgmt. & ig. 6L 

Thooo writava who were oo fond of alliteration aa 
tfao aathor of thia tale, often paid little attention to 
the aanae of torma whidi they aaed. The phraae fol- 
lowing; ItnU om lAe Ung. may however eignify, dwelling, 
. or tarrying, oa tho heath. 

Laidoallon. a Tessel for containing liquids. 

"The air aaU hano— the beat brewing laid, the maak- 
fat, with tab^ barreUia, and lakigaUonr Balfonr'a Prac- 
ticka, p. 234,«1«>235. 

Althongh thia term aeema to be now quite obeolete, 
it ia evidently given by Balfour aa the tranalation of 
Laamam. the woità uaèd ia our Ijbg. Bora., c 125^ i 1. 
It donotea either a flagon, or a meaanra of four maotaTH^ 
lo., aix pinta. It mav perhapa be allied to Qerm. and 
Dan. laae, Su.-0. faeni, arc% ciata, theca. L.B. lad'iu 
ia expL, Spedea vaaia ; Da Gange. 

LAID DRAIN. A drain in which the stones 

are so laid as to form a reguhr opening for 

the water to pass, S. 

*'If a atream of raaaing water, or amaU fountain, 
entera at tho top, and runa alone the whole courae of 
tho drain, it ia generally found aaviaeable to uae a laid 
drab^ Lo., a row of atonea laid on each aide, with an 
opening of from aix to ten inchea between them, and 
a conne of flat stonea laid above thcoe." Agr. Sarv. 
Aberd., p. ^S. 

L AIDIS, 9. pi 

Bat he may rate him of bit ryding. 
Id London for his longsome bydin^ 
Thair Hdiflgka begane hit gaidia, 
Aa he waa learned aman^ the tottfta 
Ltgtmd Bp. SL Androù, Poewa SueUmth Cent, p. 328. 

Either, among the people, for ledk from Lekl; or, 
ia the laaguagea, aa Leid alao aigoifiea. V. Lkd, j., 

[LAIDLIGK, t. A tadpole, Banffs.] 

LAID-MAN, t. Y. Lade-mak. 
LAIDNEBy f. 1. A larder, S. Y. Lad- 


2. A wintei's stock of provisions, East of Fife; 
a secondary use of tne term. 

LAIDNINO, «. Ladings freight, S. Aberd. 

LAIDLY, adj. Clumsy. Y. Laithlib. 





liAID-SADim «. A Mddle med for kj* 
i^glmrdonioiii q, a ÌOùd-m MU . 

I Mr M» Ml«» m4 dk MM lMk« 

* Am Mild, AM cnil^ tad ab » endlll. 
f^ idd« of nodi to staff ut JdL 
Am nld pnMu of MM IflMÌ jmImL 

Jfciioo^in Pm^ |i 1», It 7. 

liAIF, Lakt, t. Akiif, S. 

UkovlM a boMo of Qhiry «&• ; 
■d aoWf «0 vrt M liutlMr OB. 
Wall iHl a vUlt^ Mid yo Bny diati 

^ /owftMii'j i^VL AiBL, tt. a 

■MiOM»wttOMytMUy ■paokB^^nfa. or. m thoy ny, 
MbIoAmi.'* Kouy, pw2». 
IbML^OAfaOi^Alairi^ A.^ AfotT. W» l(/. Alem. 

•■ Booklo of yov Soota loi^iiio m will bo; 
~ { ''anpriiBMidlooooooi 

9ovdoffafa^''a PtofT. 
MoMOwhodModlT OB 

Mil J^, i«^ li L. Bw M^ UL^iiMrViiii^^ ro- 
ÌMi to Hob. hbn; UoA^ iiiiiovu% ÌMtMinra, Qoth. 
^SLt Ihffo toGofm, U A m ^ fotooHkio^ ortopa^ ooMolam. 
Ilvoald bo Bon notond to tnoo it toOonn. M6, Mid 
iho ooooto tonno donoling 1^ braod boing olmoot 
■ibwnlW oooMdorad m '«lbo staff of lifo." 

Mi; Tooko^ h o wofor , oxbibito a Tory iagonioao theory 
M to too OMtt of thoM tatmo Mod to doBoto this aimplo 
apooÌM of aumsBtk hnad. domgk^ aad loc^f. ^read, ho 
oif^ is tho post port, of tho vorb ta ftraw. to pomid, 
to Mat to piooss ; as soggestiog tho idea of oom, 
fnd^ Ao^ to a èrviyail staEo. JDSspl* tho past part, 
of A.-& dmmkt% to moistaog doootsa thia gnm aa 
Mi ff i af ; and Im|^ Ib^ AIobb. M^; io tha pMt part. 
of Jbl|^4aNL to ralaa^ aad wiaana maraly raited; aa 
(>. AMi^ loot ia tho hmm part, of Ala6-kM, to 
or to lifl vp. " Aftar too bcoad hM boas 
~hoaaya» 'Mhj which tt booooMO ^ioog^), then 
(whioh in r 

tho Aoglo-Saxon ia temed 
aaiKraa djkK^);bywhidiitbaoomaaloV." DiToia. 
Pttlay. it. 46w 150- 

of bfttUf howoTor, H h^gliW Qnaatiott* 
fioraa òroqf doaa not aaaoi to ba a Cratiiic Torb, 



IjAIFFt Latfp, «• The remffinder. V. 

Lmr Soundat, Law 

thai half bano aa laag out of tso of 

; of vapiaoohawmg^ it ia thoeht ozpodisnt that 

im bo maid thriM for tho lliist Toira : And tho 

ijiiia to bo OQO tho aaono sflir LaifSofrndatf nixt 

~ Aoto Jo. ▼. 1540^ Ed. 1814^ p. 902. 

booana it ia ▼ndmtaad that toir wapnia A 
may Bodit bo oomploUio goMin at tho firrt 
WMtoaehawiqg; that ia to aav, ono tho morno of tir 
ffftSmmiap nixt toeonk thoixor it ia diapanait bo tho 
MhìgÌB ffraoo at toai mak thar aehawinn and mon- 
atoana wito aio hanaaa aad wMuia m uai haif/* 4c 

Bid., p. an. 

In both poaaagaa. Law StmdoM ooenra in Ed. 1568, 
foLUO^KlSlTCu XoMAoMlay, Skena'aEd. 

Thia tarm moot havo boon atill mora obacnra than it ia, 
had itappaaradmorobr, m in old oditiona, Law&mdaif. 
SvMi tha form of £#^i8MMilay would aeareely have led 
tothaorigm. It woohl aaom that the editors of Ed. 
1M6 Itad token a liberty Tory oommon with their aao- 
aosasn to Andro Hart'a tima^ of anbatitatÌBg their own 
aoaioetaial amandaliona, when toey did not understand 
m mS^t or of nai«g a term, which they auppoaed might 
ba mora tot^U^ba^ inatoad of ono nei^yobaoleto. 

Mwmy A.<a go fet^mtm, aad U^fiO, hnag oftan naod 
M oquiTulont to UmfiA; thmr had thought proper to 
ooovort Xe(f Anmdoy in IIS. mto Lam iSSaifoy, m woU 
M sie w i f e Mri a into moHStoiirii. 

LaV Sommia^ ia undoubtedly q. ''Loaf-Sunday." 
A oonaideraUodiflloulty ramainai howoror. The name 
would oorrsapond with that of Laminoi^ in A-S. hlaf" 
wogSM, fsstum primttiaram, panis toI fmmentationis 
fostum. V.8oauisr»andHiekeaTheaanr.,i.2ia But 
thia doM not ouadrato with tho timea appointed for 
toaM weMontakea. 

Another paaaago in tho Beootda, in whioh the torm 
appears ia too form of Lano Sotuhtjf, goea further to fix 
the time. 

— '*Vpoun tho quhilk aorint day of Januar thay sail 
sitt down, and aitt daylie, except Tponn the Sooday, 
but ony Tacanoe at Faatoriaewin, quniU Palme-aondav 
owin inclosine, and than ryim and uane Tacance quhiU 

the nixt Monbnday eftor the Law Somdaut ypoun the 
quhilk Mooonday thay aall aitt doun, and aitt dqrlie, 
except on the Sondajr* without ony racance at wit- 
aonday, quhill the aaid tent day of Julij." Act Ja. 
VL, 1578, Ed. 1814, pi 104. 

Paime 8oitdaw ia the Sunday before Eaater, which 
ia the Sunday after the first f uU moon that follows the 
21st of Afarcn. ZawSiNklay must therefore be between 
the end of March and Whiteunday. 

The first Sunday after Eaater, or Dice Dominicua in 
Albia, ia called by tho Engliah Law Sundag; Ma- 
reschall, Obserr. in Vers. A.-S., pi 535. This cirenm- 
atanccb indeed, can throw no light on our subject, un- 
less we could suppose that the reading of Ed. 1588 
were the genuine ona But the origin of toe E. deaigna- 
tion aeema aa obscure m that of Laif Sùundaif, A.-S. 
hlaewtt E. low, ho, are expl. by Somner, after Du^pdale, 
M denoting tho **heapa of earth to be found m all 
parts of Imgland,'' and pointing out the "way of 
iNiriall need of tho ancienta." But we cannot suppose 
that thia day had orienallT receÌTod ite name from the 
drcumatance of our Lord'a haTÌnr left theArave, be- 
canae thia waa not on the jira< Sunday after Eaater, but 
OB Eaater itaelf. 

To L Aia» V. »1. To talk loudly and foolishly, 
S. B. 

Id. kffff^a d, Toradioe ant fatidioè imprecare. But 
it BM^ ba allied to liagNh mentiri ; or to Mib-a» iUudere. 

[Laio, «• 1. Idle, sillj talk ; gossip, ibid. 
S. A person given to such talk or gossip.] 

[Laiout, pari. pr. 1. As a «., sillj, foolish 
talking, gossiping, ibid. 

2. As an adi^ fond of snch talk or gossiping, 

To LAIG, V. n. To wade; GL Sibb. 

L AIO AN, 9. A large quantity of anj liquid, 

OaoL (oeAoa, C. B. iagmm, a little pool or Uko. V. 

LAIOH, Latche, adj. 1. Low in situation, S. 

ad the itnynthis that thai hade 
Thaiewyn loLiKkg with the eide has made. 

ITyiilewa, iriii. 87. Ill 

" When the dike'a iaigk&d^ it ia eitheat to lowp ; " 
Ramaay'a S. Prov., p. 77. 

2. Not tall. A laigh many one of a small 

stature. A tall person is said to be heichy S. 

Su.-0. lao^ laL lagr^ Tout, laegk, Uegh, 




LAXGBt LaioH| #. 1. A hollow, S. B. 

'*X kAV« alto bMB told, ma good anthori 
Umn Is a poMigo ia tÌM Bod Book of Pit 
tluift tiM wholo Eì^ of Monj hod booD covered with 
tho .MA in tho 7«or lOia* P. Qyko, Bgin Statiit. 

9. A plat of low-ljrin^ ground, S. 

**1hii fb^ght (hero inohidiiig low wot londt, eoUod 
high 9t pad Imrat kadi, ) ▼ary from f oar to ten ehillipgi, 
in now UoiM, and are perhapo oi^t ihillinga at a 
■Mdhun." A^. Burr. AbenL, p. 1^ 

A han nn in the iai^ aTMt tbers lay ' 


As OMiny fetdlng on 

Mm^t Sdmort^ p. 47. 

•'AH the knr fielda that havo been taken in, either 
tnm Boneo or maiiheo, go vnder the gmend name of 
laioliL* Snrr. Banib. Appi, p. 7% 73. ' 

u an aeoon nt of martiMii^. thia term oeenn about 

— **8wn pawand oiat downwart to the gveyn high 
■nrr, and fra that paaiand down oor awn 
lif beand in oommone." Chart. Aberbroth. 


To LAiOHKBr, V. o. To lower, in whatever 
way, 8. 0. 

Tent. Uig k m^ dumttatob deprinero. 

[Laiohib-braiO| #• A person or an animal 
haying a short, thick-set body, Banffs.] 

Laxohhess, #• .Lowness, S. 

The groin, ibid.] 

LAIOLIN, «• Lequn, 

LAIE, Lakx, «. Very fine linen cloth. 

Ihir Srir ladyia in rilk and daith of ML 
Thw ÌÈag Mil not aU fomdiB be ta lUMU, 
Ihia y«noa eooit, qnkilk was in Ivfe maiet abil, 
fbr tiU diierlTe my ammimgei to walk. 
Ana mnltitndi thay war iaaamentbilL. 

Lè§, tmmb»g li^ aa in edit ISTtl 

Iha ttniB that In my woondi yeed, 
ThMt ye wdl they were no thracd. 
Thev wne nrither loAi nor line. 
Of lilk thay wen both good and Saau 




Bo didde next hia wbite leie 
Of eloth of tele, fln and eleie, 
A bnohe and eke a ioerlai 

Sir ThpftUf ▼. 1878S. 

It wonld appear, from other dialecta, that this term 
■a anciently naed with greater latitude, aa denoting 
oloth in gneraL Belg. TaL and iaaJben^ are used in 
this aenae ; iakm too p er, a eloth-nierehant. The word 
OQ^foiaed genoraUy determinee the kind of cloth meant; 
aa tku ^aht n, a aheet for a bed, tqfMaken, a table 
ebth. Althoogh Germ, locicn aeoma properly to do- 
note woollen oloth, Itiiaeh aignillaa aheeto for a bed. 
8a.-0. lakan, a sheet. 

Tho aamo dÌTersi^ appears in the more ancient dia- 
leets. Alem. loAAan waa naed to aignify both woollen 
and linen ekth; laJUan, palliom, laAjbui, chlamys; pro- 
frio paanna eel| asd metonymioo pro pallio aceipitur h 
panno ooafoeto : Schilter. It ia need by Kero to de- 
aoto a liaea oloth y HmoHaAKan^ the ooTering of a 
osat or atool; pameiahkan^ tho oororiag of a bench. 

Ihro haa obsenred, to. Lakan, that Plantna nasa the 
tsrm ladmia lor a piece of linen oloth. 
Sums taciniam, et abstsige sodorsnu 

A.-S. heh being rendered chiamgit and Alem. 
ioAAon, paUiwm, I am inclined to think that daiih of 
lalè ia avnon. with daitk ^pàU; aa denoting any each 
fine dotn as waa worn by persons of distinction. V. 
I^ucBf ; LAUCKTAirn. 

L AIK, f • Gift, pledge. Lote-laik, pledge 
of love. 

In toon thon do him be ; - 
Her l0e0./atft thon bChsId, 
For the love of me. 

Nougut wsnsk 
Bl rsBoon thon tehalt se, 
That Iota is hem bitnane. 

air fVMwa, pi lU 
Ar^ Ak, kttCt mnnns. 

T^ATIT^ Laike, •• 1. A term used by boys 
to denote their stake at play, S. 

I iMge, or all the play be playd. 
That — 'f sell loos a ItnluL 

Id. Mft, 8n..O. fel, Oerm. faJcA, id. Moes.^. lofibHiif, 
A.-S. loc-on, IsL leiit«, 8n.-Q. lafc-o, Qerm. fa«ci-€N, 
tojAay. A. Bor. «0 la£^ id. 

To the same origin most we trace the r. " to Lake, 
to play ; a word common to all the North conntry." 
Bay's ColL, p. 42. This v. Skinn. deduces, without 
any probabihty, from A.-S. pfacj^^M, ludere, or Belg. 
kAin, ridere. Bay mors properly refers to Dan. 
(Iseo'Cr, to play. Thm ia radically the same with the 
laL etymon abeady given. Hence £Kp, play ; WoUF. 

Hence takan, a toy, WeetmorsL 

8. Used metaphorically to denote the strife of 

atrqrte on his steroppis itoutely he strikes^ 
And wmyiMs at Sehir WawsYn sb he wero wode, 
Then his Uman on lowdo sklries, and akriket, 
When that burly heme Uenkot on blode. 
Lordia and huUea of that iaike likae, 
And thonksd God fele aithe for Oawayn the gode. 

air Oawam mnd air OaL, iL 1& 

IsL Uik ia alao naed in this aenae. Est etiam Indus 
aeriua, nempe certamen, pugna. Hence UUtmnark, q. 
a piag^miafi, denotea a soar, or mark of a wound or 
stroke rece i ve d in combat ; Indicium vol atgumentum 
Indi, lÌTor nempe, Tulnua^ Ac VereL Ind. 

Laiktno, Latktno, $• Play; applied to 

Bimmy tfl hym ooym in hy, 
And gert hym entre. swne than he 
8ayd, " God mot at yhenra ta^k^ng be ! ** 
Syne myd he, '* Lordia, on q what manera 
•« WiU yhe ryn et this joatyng here! " 

Wgniowm, tUL 85i 7S. 
V. Laik, i. S. 

LAIK, «. Prob., a small lake or locli. 

— *'A11 A haiU the salmond fischeing^within the 
watter of Annano— with all Ttheris ^[rthis, puUis, 
haldis, laikis, and nettis, Ac. The salmond fischeing 
—ot Cummertreia— with all Ttheris skarris, drauchtis, 
hauldis, laikeU, and nettis within the boundis abonc- 
writtin.'* AcU Ja. VI., 1S09, Ed. 1814, p. 432. 

LAIK, B. Want, lack, S. 

Ne spare thay not at last, for Uuk of mete. 
There btal foue aokit trunacheouria for til ate. 

i>oi^. Ktrytf, 208. 51. 

Tent, laedx, huke, Sn.-0. tark, id. Soren. vicwa Isl. 
laa, noxa, laeaio^ aa tho radical word. 




IsAIKSS^ part fr. Laikt, adi. Applied 
toiiio. Xatèm«Jloa0iiri are siicliu fall now 
nd tbeiif intmrmitteiit showers ; as distin- 
nislied from a tract of rainy weather on 
tM one handy and constant drooiriit on the 
iithena ^^ 

ooavvjt IIm HUM idaft. 
dWfemb dMM; Feaa. UUm. d*- 

Taal. iaedfc-«n» mlniMrt; miaai, d«- 

Q^ tt^ ate Mimlk bad Mid Ur MstoDot to 
Aaa aQ tlMT iHMha «wm loft, witk l^ub Adl Biir 

AM*flr. iroAfaMl i>teBia. ffj 

^Iftr. nak. fivaatfaia aa ajraoa. with faadb 

[LAm; Lame, Latic, Lbbh, oc^'. Earthen* 
i^ A^-S. Urn, laamt loam, mnd, clay.] 

[Lain, a. A shred of chinay stoneware, or 
* earthenware^ Banff s.] 

IaAIN^ aJff. Alone. Y . Lane. 

I«AINO,a. Asmallridgeof knd,asdistan- 
l^nsfaed from SUfi^ wMch signifies a broad 
iid|p; Orim. 

To LAINOi V. ft. To move with long steps, 
fife; the same with Ling^ q. r. 

To LAnMiAPi, 9. a. Toh^S. 

Ika feyada nva tlMa bait Md to te«. 

Bmhm, Bawiialf m P^mB^ fi SO^ 

tt did Uai gad to law tba Mada 
Of yam aad tMdir lauBia. 

4MflL fltodjy ainii^ ji e. 


A»*Q> fas MHi AiailL Ay-aNy 

V Lai iBiiiòaw ^ Whtart. 

LAIP, a. A phsh; Loth. V. Lappib. 

liAR, LaItbe, Lars, $. 1. A place for 

' fying down, or taking rest; used in a 

|(eneral sense, [a place tot laying or sprrad- 

i^g mat e rial s on, as a pM<-udr, a place for 

ipmultng peats to diy, S.J 

Bi aakas bit Itdr. 
Ii iddi Baiit ftir. 

ilJanI M ia aaUad aa •» U^, 8. Y. GAaa-asD 

Ahnrjring^lacei a tomb; or a particnlar 
portion of bnrial-gnmnd appropriated to a 
or family. One is saia to have a 

p er so n 

tssr in this or that chorch-yaid ; hence, 

istrsitaM^ a tombstone, S. 

Iba Mbraa BawT af Banbama 

til bis Una bama : 

Aa ba djd baia, m, had ba tbara. 
Orbm I bjd to apek na aiaia. 
BadMafdbyafaraiB-tU Kabaw; 
NMbt la tba Kjrfc af SaTBt Andiawa. 

WrUowm, wVL la ISt 

pHihap Kanaady] feandad a triaaialiaBt 
la 9. AadrawL caUad 8». 8alvmtdr*a CfdlaaaL 

wharaia ha aiaid hia loir faty oarioaaly and aoatlj." 
Pitooottia* p. 68. 

Unam fauqait aoaa Ubaimlitatia BMaanaatafla a|pra- 
fftaniy acftlaa pubUoaa ad f^ggm Andrnaa, WMnnwiw 
aamptilNia aadifleatii.*-In èm§epiiiekrum mhi augnifiod 
•straaodam enniTit. Biifthanan, Hiat. xii. 23^ 

**X1ia kaapar of tha ragiatar ahar;^ himaalf for tha 
iai'lal lab* (p*^) ^ * abild, withoat aiaiitioiiiiig 
whatbar it waa aiala or faflaala." P. Abardaan, 
Statiat. Aae., six. 176. 

81L-O. laeger^ Qarm. loffer^ Dan. lo^'cr. Alam: teffar^ 
MoaaQ. ligr, all aignif j a bad, from Uga-Ot Ao., to lia. 
SooMtlBMa anothar tarm ia addad, aa A.-S. k^erbedtl. 

ijytrafadf, oabila. Taat. laegkar ia broparly 
apptiad to tba daa or laatmg-plaoa of wila balaato. 
£loaia of thaaa ara tranafaiTad to our laat raating-placa ; 
aa Gann. iager, Sil-O. latQett aapiilchnim ; or with 
addition latgentauiU^ laegerdadt A.-& tegentom ; laL 
liVSid. YarsL 

Hardyng naaa leyrv in 

Kyng Artbor than ia Aoalon to dyad, 
WQtre bo was baryad in a chapel fayia, 
Wbicb Bowa ii rnada, and fiiUy adifyed 
Tba mynrtar ehaidi, thia dav of gniat rapayia. 
Of OlMtanbary, wbara now he biiAb bit ugn : 

Bat then it WM oaUad tba bbck cbapeU 
Of oar lady, aa dhroaiolai caa taL 

Althonsh many bara daniad tiia axiatanea of tha 
oalabrataa Arthnr, Leland qaotea an aneiant MS. which 
aaaarto that hia grara waa diaooTared at Olaatonbnry* 
▲•D. 11M» with a oroaa of lead apon hia braaet, haring 
hn nama imeribed. Collect, i. ÌI2. Ha alw refen to 
Oanraaa, aa giving tha following taatimonjr ; A. 1191, 
apod Glaaaoniam invantoaunt oom Artarii famoaiaa. 
ragii^ qvi hwna olim Amaiam, i.a., inauU pomonun, 
dioabatnr; p. 26^ Oanraaa lÌTad in tha raisn of K. 
John. Labnd alao qnotaa John Bavyr, who wroto 
aboat tha jnmr 1300^ aa attealing tha aana oircnm- 

3. The act of lying down, or of taking rest. 

In tba mene onbyla^ aa al tba beistii war 
Bepaierit web, eftir tbair nycbtli lart ; 
The eatal gui to lowtin, cry and lare. 

DaayL Fityti; SIS, SS. 

4. A stratnniy S. 

Radd. obaarraa, that tha tann lain ia vaad *'for tha 
diffarant bada» rowi^ and atntoma of foaaila, or anch 
lika ;*' Gl. to. Lare, Thia ie marely E. lafer. 

Ha alM aaya that & Bor. "flananlly tha ground or 
foundation npon which any thins tUuuU ia called a 
iuMr;" mantJoning tiamee and ttfod aa aynon. I bara 
narar remarkad that it ia niad in thia aanea. It cer- 
tainly doaa not oonr^ tha idea of atahdingp but of 

To liAiBy a. o. To inter, to buy. 

If tbey can eitblr tan tba paaea^ 
Wl* eity'i rood uey will dispenee : 
Nor care too' a* bar mhui were laird 
Tea fiabom I' the auld Urfc-yard. 

Fnga$9om'» Fotmt, tt. 104. 

I am not cartain, howarar, whatbar thia may not ba 
tha a. aigniiying; to mire^ naad in a ~ " 

LAIS, Lake, t. A mire, a bog» S. A. Bor. 

Bndd. tiiinka that thia may have tha aama origin 
with Mr, aa aignifying a place of reat. But it aeama 
radically tha aama with laL /ۓr, clajTt mire, latam, 
coannm, O. Andr. ; /f yra, fandoa, argilloaua ; leirWib, 
paludea gleboaaa ; leriekt, the libarW of digging day 
lor oonatntcting walla. Stt.-0. 2er, Jmbu leer, clay. 




ToLAn»v«ii. To stick in the mire, S. 

**Whm79mm WhdÈf mm ìmuMtùi BridLceof Don, 
kit «Mk MMiMtimM iaired in the waggk. «id wera 
imwu ool by ■traagth oC men." SUta^ ImIm of 
PèwK 1806^ p. 74. 

To Laib, V. a. To mire, S. 

**Tli^ OMM to a dIam called rA« AMMPay-aiMi^ 
wlMvlhnNigli ntitliar bone nor man miirfat paM, and 
ttair faj riiriin thmr bona, and miachMv«dthem." 
Fflnolli% p. 170> 

TiAIBfB, Laibt, adj. Boggy, marshy. Latry 
ffDftpm qprings where one is apt to sinl^ 

flawjMBfawaif How feed they f vaelorlUt 

Did any, in a flu^iMelied windiog tarn, 

ObiM near tlM Ifl&y epdngikorcnwi tlM Imn f 

LAIR, t. A IftTor, oorraptljr for bnoer, with 
whidi it is evideatlj the same. 

«•1 baring and kdr, with aipia» wonm% and aer- 
piHi,— Twn brokin ooraria in lonn of laweri§, Fiva 
plalia. Ana laieer gUtb Ana Imser with a oowp and a 

LAIB, •• Learning edacatiou. Y. Larb. 

LAIRACH(gatt.),». The site of a building, 
BanfFf. Y. Lerkoch. 

LAIRB AR,. Labbab, s. 

Bat VIA an JWrBor for to ly. 

Ana aaU daid atoek, baith caoht and dry* 


Mr. Pink, randan it ••dirty faUow.** Bnt tba tarm 

of great infirmity ; 
atOl need in thia 
laaddadaaazpletivaof thaothar. Itianaadtn 
Uvaanaa, Haiti P. p. 47. 49. 
It flMy haTO baan formad from A-S. ieger, a bad, 
sad hmr^am^ to cany ; aa originally denoting ona bed- 
lid, or wiu> naadad to ba carried on a conch. It ia in 
iiifoar of thia etrmon, that Ugree ia lenderad "aick- 
■aaaa^ n lyiiy aick," leaer/aeMi, bedrid; and leger-Udd^ 
wiiiek aigniwaa n conch of any kind, aleo denotea " n 
aick Buufa bad, a death-bed ;*^ Somn., or aa inverted in 
Goim. httUatrig^ dinicna, lecto affixna; Wachter. 
de n o te a ona who ia qnito nnactÌTe^ Ang. q. 

Hm tarn, boworar, may radically be atiH mora 
i ph a ti G , aa raferring to n oorpee. 

Seho lyla ale deid, qnhat laU I deime Ì 

8 c bo win not heir me for na eiyii, 
flor pineUng on echo will act ryis, 
8b laMiMlyke lo aa echo lyia, 

Aa nvelet in a tranoei 

Ailpp»*slso aignillean gnvo, (V. Laib, 1.), q. one 
at to ba earned tothe crave ; or fiom leger^ cabile, and 
' wr, nndna» q. the bed to which one ratozna noibecl. 

The word ia also need adj. in the aenee of aloggiah. 

Bli bm ia wudt Isrftar, and Ijie into swowne. 

Dmiter, MaUUmd Pomu, ^ 61. 

. —Bia back ialartoirgrown and Udder. 

It saana also to ngnify ghaatly. 

Aa larSar bikee <tf tiiy buy leineet aaig,^ 

U. lara, dobilitara. 

iKA, IL M, at 1«. 

LAIRD, Labdb, b. 1. a lord, a penon of 
superior rank. 

T hia tretye eympyny 
I made at the iaatana ox a lmird$ 
That hade my aerwya In Ide warde, 
Sehyr Acne of the Wemye be rychl 
Ana hooaet Kavcht and of gade Cune, 
Bnppoe hye lomwAjigM lyk noncht be 
Tyl gret statye in eqwalytè. 

WynANfm i PloL V. Sa 

Dk ana of thaime foith pnmaaad like a lani, 
Anrnylt wele the tempUs of thare hede 
With porpoar gariannie of the roeis rede. 

DeagL KtrpO, 1SS» aa 

Mr. PSnkerton alao obeerree; ''A loni and a lofri 
tba aaoub and the Latin only admitted liomtiMU lor 

••The leaaar banma or fatrtli^ eorre a ponding with the 
Kngiiah lorda or manora, form aoch n ai ngnl a r and 
amphiUooa daaa, in theScottiah pailiameot, that they 
exeito cnrioaity and diaqniaitton.^— *' In En^and the 
banm waa n Ivrd^ a peer : in Sootbmd he waa only n 
laird, a man of bmded property." Hiatory of Sootland, 
i. 350, 363. 

Wedderbam in bia Vooab. knew no other I^t. word 
eorreaponding to onra. '* DomMmMt a Loard;" p. II. 

2. A leader, a captain. 

Betee the laif , aa ledemaa and fanl. 
And al hye ialie vp with fèUoon fiud, 
. Went Peliaiire— - 


3. A landholder, a proprietor of land ; a term 
applied, as Sibb. observes, to a "« landed 
flentl^nan under the degree of a knight," 

•*Qnbn aa Taia not tbe aaid arofaarie, the Ìoihl of 
the Und aall nia of him a wedder, and sif the loM 
raaia not the aaid pane, the Kingia Schirefor bia min- 
iaten aal raia it to the King." Acta. Ja. L, 1484^ c 
20. Edit. 1666. 

•' Qnhatenmener tennent, gentilman ▼nlandit, or ya- 
man hanand takkia or atoidinsia of ony lordia or loiraia 
apiritnall or tempoxnll, that happinnia to be ala ne b e 
Ingliamen in onr eonerane Loraia armie,— the wyfia 
and bamiaof thame, — aall broke thair takkia, malingia 
or ateidingia. Acta. Ja. V. 1522, c 4. Ibid. 

That kurd ia originally the aame term with lard^ ia 
undeniable. Mr. Macpheraon baa joatly obaerved, 
that "in Wyntown'a time it appean to bare been 
equivalent to Lord^ and ia aometimea need to ezpreea 
the feudal anperiority of an OTcr-lord." 

This Kyng ia fe and herytage 
That kynnk held, and for homage 
Of a grettare kyog of mycht. 
That wee bye Oore-Zora of ryeht 

OoN. Tiii. a 84 ; alee, ▼. la 44. 

Tbey ara need aa aynon. in O. E. In n Korm. Sax. 
paimpbraae on the Lord'a Pmyer, written befon 1186^ 
God ia called Lau/erd^ for Lord. We hnve alao 
Lamerid king^ E. Branne. 

XovcrKf king, •* Waseaille," eeid eche. 

KOLJL QUmc^ pi 60a 

Tbii ia turd in E. Olonc. Chitm. 
A kne to the kyag heo eeyde, Lord kyng waeeeyL 

P. 117. 

It would appear that anciently the title of Ltdrd waa 
gÌTen to no proprietor but one who held immediately 
of the Crown. Thia distinction is still preaerred in the 
Highbmda. The deeignation TWn, correq;ionding to 
our Leàrdj and rendered by it, ia given to one wboee 
property la perhapa not worth two or three hundred 
per ann., while it ia withheld from another, wboee 





to M 

th« kiai^ white 

of whil hat bMD Mtd in regwd to 

ol tfiit torn to OM who held of tho 

, wo au^ qooto tho withority of Sir O. Macken- 

'** Aad ilili wtinihtw no w a oottoiii in Seot- 

wUoh It \m\ mmm klely in diioiietod«^ and that 

aa did Bold thoir landa of tho Prinoo wars 

» ^mmm,^a: bol aooh aa hold thair laoda of a aab- 

jotj^ thoMb dyy woio lyg^ and tiioir wpanpy Ta^ 

mM% wm% onljoallad Qiiod^mm^ from tha old Francli 

wmà Jkmm Aiiiiaie, which waa tha titia of tha master 

«f làa fawily I and thatoforo audi fawa aa had a jaria- 

annaacl to thoait • harronjr* aa wo call it, do 

X for hoRiMiiaa ara aataoliaht only by tha 

anotioB or mmak^iw m nmtMat ** Sfiianoa Cm Ha* 

inUiy. jL lit 14. 

4« Tlieproprietorof a house, or of more houses 

A.-& Mi^brdC iaaorci; U. laaonf-fir, Sil-O. ksward, 
àmmSam^ V^nL darivoa tha laL tarm from facf, 
laadU aofl» and aonf^ n gnardian, Dieitnr ìavard^ q. 
%. JMaardy fudi mat aoO aanrator ot dafaoior ; Ind., 
pw IM. fHiainhialm dadooaa it from hU^, brand, and 
an hoal^ hoapaa ; Jnnina, from Mitft ind ord^ 
I, orin q. ha who adminiaton bread. G. Andr. 
H q. Tmmg&rdr^ hocrai ceoonomiu^ from ìaff lave, 

I ara^ja ban, n atorahooaa, p. ISO. 

Ur. Tèok% having obaarrad that ìda^ \m tha past 

of A.-&.W4ira, to laaaa, adds, that kU^ord ia "a 

4wp a nnd word of hUift niaad or daratady and oitf 

ferinil aonroe^ ^*^C?» 'birth. Lord^^ ha anbjoina, 

thsrafoia meawa AbfA-oonii or of an azaltad ongin.** 
nfw. Ptelsj, ii. IffT, 158. ir(i|Mi^» lAdT, ha TOWS 
en marajy Uff^h La., rojaeel or azaltad : bar oirth being 
itJraly ont of tho qneation ; tha wife following tha 
eseditiOB of tho hnaband." Ibid., p. 161. 

In an old laL woih, qnotod bv O. Andr., tha aerpant 
le mado to aay to Ktre^ xAn tri iq/de fiqfii, e» Adam er 
9awmàr mk^ **Tho« art my Lady, and Adam ia my 
XnML" The aama ^asaaga oneors in Spec. Bag., p. 
Ml* AM^ to tha amnamg aoooont giran, by tha author. 

mi tha dialoena b a i waa n oar common mother and tha 

il. Tnia phnacology ia perfectly analogona to 

of oer flfWB coontiy. For, among all cUaaea, 

wittdn half n oentoiy, tho wife of nfatrtf waa Tiewed aa 
to tho dDaiffnatimi of Lad^f, conjoined with tha 
of tho aatat%liow email aooTar : and among the 
r» tUa onatom ia atiU in naa. 

«• A small proprietor; a diminu- 
tiTe from Labrd^ S* 

.-^-^Onr noriand thristlee wiana pa', 
lor a woe bit Oenaan AnnTk 

/«aM» iMtM^ L 81 

ItA l KD flHl P, «• An estate, knded property, S. 

yialdme . 
mrfMe a year, 
Aa had aa in pottaae. 
And gaodknoi^t beer. 

Rtmmj^M FpsMf, U. 818. 

Urqnhart by thia term az|^. Fr. chaiel- 


••Wohnvo with tho hoip of God oonqnered all the 

I will gÌTo thea the ohastelleine, 

- 214. 


er faWdto olWinigondin. "~ Rabekia, R iL, p. 

**lfr« Andrew Mnrrav, ministor of Ebdie, h 
boan* hf Dtmd Tiscoont Stormont, preferred to the 
kUrMip of Balraird; and aftarwaroa, in tha Tear 
I€8IL hnldktad t^ hia majesty, was now made lord 
Bahraird.' Ovthrey'sMem., p. 103. 

** A IbMi^i ia a tract oi land with a mansion 
npoB it^ where a gentleman hath hia reaidance; 

and tha nama of that hooaa ha ia diatingniahod by.*' 
Defoe*B Joomay through Scotl., p. 4. 

Thia abort Pmiì^ Àobrda different proofs of tha in« 
accoraoy of tho ideaa even of thoae who ara near 
naighboora. For an eaUto is called a lairdship, not only 
when tha proprietor ia non-resident, bat thoush there 
sboald be no mansion-boosa on it ; and often um nama 
of tha eatato ia qoito different from that of the maneion* 

LAIR-IOIGH, «. Tlie name of a bird, 

" There ia great store of— dowee, steeree or etirlinga, 
loer-igiffk or knag (which is a fonU lyk Tnto a parroket, 
or psmt, which make place for her neat with ner beck 
in the oak-tria,) doke, dnù^ widgeon, teale, wild 
gonaa^ ringooaa, ronta, whaipe, ahot-whaipa, woodook, 
larkea, aparrowoa, anypa, bUkborda or oaiUs, meweis 
rmayioal thmahea, ana all other kinds of wildfoule or 
kida, which ar to be had in any part of this king- 
dome." Sir B. Gordon's Hist SutherL, p. 8. 

The deecription of this bird resembles that of the 
Woodpecker. This torm, in a quototion from the sama 
work, Affr. Surr. SutherL, p. 160^ ia undoubtedly mis- 
printed iKUrJUffh. 

LAIRMASTER. V. Lake, v. a. 

L AIR-SILUERy $. Apparently, money for 
education ; Aberd. Beg., A. 1543 ; or per- 
haps the dues paid for a grave; ibid. Cent. 

LAIR-STANE, s. A tombstone, Aberd. 

From Loir, oanaa 8, a boiying-plaoa. 

LAIRT, Leib, adv. Bather. S. B. V. 
Lever, whence it is formed; also Loos. 

LAir, Layte, Late, Lete, s. 1. Manner, 
behaviour, gesture. 

Betwiz Schir GoUms, and he, 
Oode coontensnoe I le : 
And othir ImfahtU so fire 

€famm and ML, iv. 8L 

A Udy laliMm of i^, ledsnd aknigfat 

air Oa^tmrnd Mr Otd., ill. 

v. Rial. 

Snppose thi blny be brii^t, as bachHarsuld ben, 
Ylut ar thi laiÌM onlubam, and hMllike, I lay. 

Omotm tmd OaLt I 8 ; also L la 

y. lomui. 

Lai oceurs in Sir Tristram, p. 117, 

As he hir never had sea. 

With sioht^ 
Than on his kneU ba asket finginenes 
far his lieht loiytef , aad his waotooes. 

Fnidi i/ PebUt, ^ M. 

To dans thir damyaellis thaoie dicht, 
Thir laaaee lieht of faiCut. 

Chr. Kirk, at 2. 

Lo., light, or wanton, in their behaTionr. 

Douglaa appliea tho oxpreasion in tho Tery same 

The faithHil bdjii of Grace I micht oonsidder, 
In claithis blak all bairfute pas togidder. 
Till Thebet sage tn thair lonlis war sUne. 
Bebfdd, ye men, that callis Udyis Udder, 
And /tdU qflaiiii. quhat kindnes brocht them bidder ! 
Qohat treuth and luie did in thair brettts remans t 

FùioM i^ Mommr, m, 9L 
Edit. 1579. 





t* Mieot appearmnce of the coanteoance. 

na M WW IIm Mlwyn Robert Kia^ 
àad duuasyt caattBaaoe Mid laU; 
Aad held Doeht in Um f jmt ttotai 
lor that wtf flqriilo tlM Ubc. 

Thy trimiiM tad afaBBM 
Tkf §nm to, uiàtàm to, 

8* Xoft 18 still used to denote a practice, 
lial»t» or custom, Border* III laiu is a 
oomiiion phrase in Angns for ^ bad ens- 

TliniiMd thqr OB wf doovia din,— 
Oooit up aaU failf o' kith aa' kin, 
la* dknika gyprfoi oov lth«r. 

A. aeote^Fàems, p. 1& 

4. A trick. It is used in this sense in the 
Soath of S^ generally with an adj. pre- 
fixed i 9M,iU kdti^ mischevions tricks. 

Bal If Ibr mfb lonpiah fajte 

I hoar that tboa a paady gttt, 

Wl' pat i ooea thou maan Mar tho brant 


ChOaBdar atcanody aaaka tfao origin in Mooa.-0. 

hk^(w% aoqm; althoogh it ia ovidontly Isl. lot, kute, 

— ' — » laoally dorÌTodatNa laet, mo goro, I behave my- 

Ifiaiy om lolten of oUnm orlalMl; Multi aont 

oi omnoo sdhibeantor, Voloap. Here both •.and 

. r. Hha 8a.-0. ajmoii. ia&O-Kr; Fenn. kuUu, 

laUa, gea tna, iadoloa. Tout, laei, gkdaet, geatoa, 
habits% Talta% apparition oatonaio ; atatoa, apeciea ; 
fait-on, ff k a- lat l en , Mwarera ; prao aa farre, Kilian. 

Id. lad and SiL-O. kU-ur are mnch naed in oom- 
pontiott : MUtiUaiur, wùoà, iSUlXaiwr. modeat, UliUaeU, 
■odaety, ÈlftUatìg, ailontL leMiotr, of a Ught oarriage. 
Tha ohanotar off VoQua la, Mktk kUUU horbma, aoor. 
tarn knaaimnm; Danaaoon. ap. VoraL Ind. Thia 
aaaetly oorreapooda to the S. phraia qooted aborv. 
Ud ^ lakU; lett aignifyinff loTÌa. LauiUuie, riU 
dMBolsta» ianulair, hMotwa, imd. 

U. lilp^f^iaaaadaoayiion. with fafffgattna; which 
muAt aaam to anggeat that tho latter, although im- 
■adiafaly ooBttootod with tho t. Iac^a, aa gerere, ia 
iMUoaqy allied to iU, Tultna, UUe, reapectua, auglU, 
«.^„ Tho oztanaiYa uao of the Tout term would 
to oooam thia idea. 


the lieht man win latt, 


9, Odour. 

To L ATT, V. a. To personate, to assume the 
appearance of. 

Hus woid ooeoia la aa aadeat apooimea of trana- 
Utioa, oztaat ia tho Sootiohroa., moat probably by 
Walter Bower, Abbot of lach Colme in the Firth of 
fbcth ; whtoh aatitlea him to a plaoe of oonaiderable 
diatiaetioa aa»oag our Soottiah Poeta. It muat have 
baaa writtca heforo A. 1435^ ia which year ho aeema 
to hafo ooBoladod hia work. 

Tho paamge raitnud to ia a traaalatioa of the fol- 

from Babio*a Comediea. 

Oocaata capita^ at hoedua ; 
BAuaaa frontal at taurua ; 
Oenlia vuaeaata, ut baailiacna ; 
Fade blanda, ut aoorpio ; 
Si^M faUai^ ut vulpca ; 
Ova maadaz. at Diabolua. 


SadiaeipUaata ma« 

Gaacia eoitaad ia the eait, horalt Ilk a gait : 
Ala waakaad aa a bole la flraatia, aad in Tloe ; 
Malr teauaiit Is hir luka than the cocketrloe. 
Btyth aad Urthfliaad, la the &oe lyk an angelU 
Bot a wiale ia the talU, lyk a draoonell. . 
Wyth pifk voukaad ceria ai the awsk gleg. 
ICare wtly taaa a Ibx, pongia as the cleg f 
Ala siUr fbr to held as a water eeU ; 
Bot aa trew ia her touag as the mek jl DctÌL 

Jbnlim,ÌL 87flL 

Tho moaning of tho flrat lino, aa hero giToa, aiay be, 
**TIm woaiaa, who la a atraager to proprie^ of 
aianBeri» will iKt aa if aha were a wanton man.*'^ I 
have a atrong auapieion, however, that Ueht mam ia, q. 
iie-moM, and allied to Su.^. iek-a, laL ieUe-a, to nlay, 
to make aport, Idbor, a jeater, a buffoon, a mimic, O. Fr. 
laoeoHr. Thaa» tho aeaae would be ; '*Sho peraonates 
* a bufboa or harleouia:" aad perhape there ia an 
aUaaioa to the /tUbJk, or esrva^iw, aa aha ia hormU lUt a 
gak, Daabar waald alaioat aaem to hava imitated thia 
paasaga, ia the foUowiag ooansal, which ho puta into 
tho mouth of hia looae ITeilo. 

Be dragounis bafth and dowis, one in doabilt forme ; 
Be aimabil with aamil Iboe, as angel appenrmird ; 
And with ana terrible tail be stangaad as eddaris. 

MoUtamd Potm§f p. SA 

v. the a. aad Lbit, Lur, w, which ia radioaUy tho aame. 
laL IneC-a ia aaad preeiaely ia the aaam aeaae ; aim- 
alarob BUdoraon. 

Laitlbss, adj. , Undvil, unmannerly, unbe- 
coming, Ettr. For. 

" Bicht laitho to lay aao lakleiu fiaff^r oa her, I 
brankjrt in myna gram.^ Hogff'a Wint Talea, ii. 42. 
From S. Laii, maaner, aad uie aegativo ieai. 

To L AIT, V. a. To allnrei to entice ; an old 
word, TeTÌotdale. 

laL <ef-ia, diaauadere, dehortari; hd-Of ailicere, 
OlaT. Bax. Buaic. 

To LAir, V. o. To reduce the temper of 
iron or steel, when it is too hard. This is 
done by heating it, S. 
lal. itU, floiibilitaa. V. Lati, Lsit, v. 

[LATTES, «• A small quantity of any liquid, 
ShetL Su.-G. Hie, Dan. lidet, little.] 

To LATTH aij v. a. To loth, to have a dis- 
gust at, Fife^ synon. Ug, Scunner, S. 
A.-S. Ial*4an, deteatari. 

Laith, Lathe, «. A loathing, a disgust ; a 
wmnd of pretty general use, o. 

A.-S. loeMlAa, odium, ** hatred, outt, loathing," 
Sonmer. Lath, inimicitia ; Lye. IsL leide, fastidinm ; 
Sw. leda, loathing, Aa A.-8. ìaih primarily ai^fiea 
malum, aad only ia a aecondary acceptation mimi- 
citia ; tho same thing may be obaeired of Oerm. leid, 
deduced from Ìeid-en, laedere, to injure. Hence 
Wachter obeenrea ; A Uid fit lekUn pati malum, at 
letdea aTwaari malum. The connexion is very strik- 
ing. For what ia disgust, but aversion from aome- 
thmg that either Ì8| or la anppoaed to be, evil? 

Laitheaxd, adj. Detestable, loathsome. 

'*Thocht aathia^ apperit mair aikker thaa haisty 
. and daagerua wena afmroeheand bb the Tarquinis; 
yet the aamin wee mair laiCAeajMf than it aemit'^ Bel* 
lend. T. liv., pw 110. Id ^uod non timebant, Lat 
A.-S. laikwtidf odioaus^ ufeatua, iavisua. 





UkUHt adj. 1. LwthMMM, impurB. 

lUi MMMi Om prfauiy MBM. U. Ie<il-iir, tarpu. 
SduSki^ Mdìdu^ A. Ufa. À.-a iolfc, 

«« ft faidly 
^ _ wfaetlMrthit 

S. What one is rehictant to niter. 

lUi CUflM hdd Ui tomic In drii tin cud, 
XenadMeNU nd doii •!! Ut ialMit, 
lKta« wifh Ui voidM M J to Mkent, 
tk« drith of Mf wyehl : 

HOST Mu ilyeiit 

d ftnu teiddy 


^ Unwilliiig^ xeliictttnt, S. 

lad ta BifBt 8«r ifM m IM Imeht, 
flHl a^^po. U »7«. that ht fUU wmcht ; 
lad OoMl te to nrcff* «■ athau 
HoaMd.tbatlMwaldBO«^bafafte ^^ ,^^ 
^^ ryiiteiia, ▼. IS. 12S0L 

Vw Mar, àMànm tad JokM var i^duria flm, 
or MB aad woBMA, to tiia CbiiatiaB Cdth ; 
Bit tkoy to haM apnid Mt with Indk àr Uaa, 
Oe laBtli ili^ Oft fold, Mi»*kar mitt. 

m^* Ibid. 

llHaa oomteaftlt. bat 


liAmCESRIN, par*, pr. Lwy, loitering, 
Perihi.; apparentlj tne same with Ladrouef 

imrrBtrkW ^-^ ]. Baahfnl, sheepisht S. 

Iha joofBtftr^a aitlaaa beait o'arikwa wi' jo J. 

M uEEa aad faOV^', aearea eaft wMl bahftfo ; 
HoMOtbar, wi' • vonaft'a wflaa. caa apy. 

What BMUcaa tba lovtfc aaa baaftfti and aaa grava : 
Wad plaai'd to tiiiak bar imhk'u '•ff^^*'^^*^ 

S. Shy of xeceÌYÌng an invitation to eat, or an 
offer of any f avonr, from a kind of modestjr, 
& It is opposed to the idea of ffreediness; 

and is generaUj nsed among the vnlgar. 

il auiy bo ■abjoiaad, tfafti faitV^ ttclvdca tho Maft 
ftf iNftft ftbotoBiMMUBoaa ia ofttias, ftftor an iaritB^on 
kflft^oaaftooeptad; last ono ahoald aowa to ftfcjiao dia- 
MolioB, Of, (to AM tht tona oontnatod with it,) aoem 

I hoMtftlo nach, whothar Bonii did aoi aao tho tarm 
fai this vory aoBOO, ia tho pftHago qaoCod ftbovo, nnder 

aaaao 1, as this ftoooptftfioa k rtarj oommon m tho 
Wool oir &, ftnd ftB tho poaaaco lof on to their ntting 
altiblo} lor it follows: 

Tba Jiawfn' aiifrjifr itm\ ""^ 

S. Disgnstf nl, loathsome, 



aaa MMo Wd ab to thia plaeai-- 

laa knight that hawo 
1 light of hiafariL 


ba hia tmgn'*****! aaa knight that ha 
ladliko of kit, and light of hia fariL 

MUaamanoily,*' GL Piak. Ho aaoais to tmw it 
M from laic, bohftTioar. auumor, •odJeM.E, k$8. 
Bat it may bo from A.^ lotMSea, dotflotftbilia. Ltid 

and air aro diflforaat wordn ia Bdil 150S. 

LATTHLIE, Ljudlt, adj. 1. Loathsome, 

Oar nMaia and ooromeitttaTfeft away; 

oftaroenaa^ ibu id. 47. "X«d%. atfy, tothaomo, fooL ' 
A.Bor. Gr. G 

2. Base, vile. 

Thera waa abo tho laittfy — 

3. CInm87,inele«nt. A Wtf/y/ap, a clumsy 
and awkward fellow, S. B. 

O. E. lòlA/y, ia ladioaUy tho aamo. V. Lark. 

L ATTHLOUNKIE, adj. A term applied to 
one who is dejected or chopf alien, Ayrs.; 
synon. Dawn^-Ae'intmih^ S. 

Tho origin ia qaito aaoattam. .iSrml* may h«po l»vo 
ita ordinMy moaning liko B. loih. Tout. Umck-tn 
dgnifiac. ntortia ocofia tftori. q, to hwk aakanoo. 

LAITTANDLY,a4r. 1. Latently, secretly. 

y. Mbbìmit. 
ToLAIVE,9.a. To throw water hy means 

of a vessel, or with the hand, S. 
Thia ia yory aoarly alliad to ono aanao of E. fave. 

Bat it proaarAr aigaifiaa to lado, to throw out what la 

aaalaaarndnadaB^ or thraataaa danger. Thia, how. 

•rer, reapecta the foraiinaa ^^9^»' •■ « f^'^V 

water Oft l^iMia that they aaay bo bleached, (atvijijy it 

en tho face to recover from a awooa, ào. 

[Laivb, n. 1. a quantity of any liquid 
thrown or dashed; as, "He got a hdv€ o' 
wattir in's f ace^"* Banffs. 

2. The act of throwing a liquid with the hand 
or with a vessel, ibid. 

3. The act of lading iUd.] 

(LAiVAir, n. 1. The act of throwinga liauid 
with the hand or a vessel ; as, *• The lads 
an' hisses heeld a laivan o* wattìr on ane 
anither till they wir a'dreepin*-weet," Banffs. 

2. The act of lading, ibid.] 
To LAK, Lack, Lackik, v. a. 1. To blame, 
to reproach. 

Gff ye be blythe, year Ijebtnaa thai wiU iak. 
Tor B. I7«t wjrtt »« •JL'SS'hSÌ^ 




Qjiàm^bdk tktl dlatn dtnoU emuing ekrkli 
Im LalTM toag hM wiitttn liiidrto lmi]di< 
0«r Tiktait kuwii UtU of thir wviUi. 
Man thaa thaj do tht imnlng of Um raudu 
QokalrfUr to ool jtarii, enton, ft to enikit. 
To Jok tad Hiomo, loy Tjmè talbo dinctit ; 
Bff nm BowbMt it wUbt ' 


S. To depredate^ to rilify, S. B. 

*' àfiifwè jboon will and of malia 
** Holy jho fdovo thart piyi. 
** Tbo ««M to loA^ bot jIm oonmtBd 
** Tbtl MtyovB, M jht mak ws koiML" 

frynlMMi ii. II lb 

I Mi thrt but ■pÌBBÌBf ru Bt?«r b« Inmw, 
But AM bf tlM nABM of a dilp or a da. 
8ao Sdk whm ya Uka, I shiai anaa ihak a ft', 
▲Ion I ba dung with tha ^nning ot 

**H« that fadb my martb would b«7 my man." 8. 
Ffevr.9 Kallj, p. 190. 

ttooemÌBtfaiaaanaainO. B. 

amnugia Bmeali baua I ba, dwaUyiw at London, 
And t»d Baekbftiiig ba a biokar, to blama naa'a y 
Whaa ha aold and I not, than waa I ready 
T» ba ft loan on mTBayjriiboiir, and to m his ohaflbr. 

>. Pfiiijilmaii'a Yitim, FòL 81 flL 

8«.-0. faeè^L laL iUadfc-a» Taut, faedfc-en, Titnpaiw 
«; 8U.-0. faei^ laL Alael^ Taut, fadh^ faadb«, Titu- 

Thaaa tanna aaam origiiialljr to angmt tha idaa of 
nort : aa if tadically tha aama with Moaa^. ialk-an 
Uh àh am. M. fatt-o, Sn.-Q. fat-o, ludaia. Aaaportta 
«fln camad on at tha aipauaa of amithar, tha 8a.-0. 
▼arb Mgiiifia^ to maka gama of any ooa. Moaa. 
W- fait -aii ia uaad in tha aama aanaa, mMpOMn bia, 
libaj mookad him, Bfarii xr. 90. 

Lak, Lake, •• 1* Dispraise, reproach. 

Ibrthi,ilkmaiibaofftrBw haidjwill, 
▲b at wa do M boUU in to dekl. 
Off wa ba tMud BO la* aftir to raid. 

WmOma, is. 818, Ma 
Ha moMm taà to your rmlma ml wa ba, 
Vor Mi rapraf tharby to your renowaa, 
Ba fa aor aaua Tthir lal nanar iprada. 

iW F&pO; n^ f& 
tehatof hia Id^ m wida your Cum is bkw,— 
m wntohis wora laay draair yoor hla namai 

/Wm*^ JTonour, iL SI 

••AlmncmMllBl^ iaaa usual phmaa, 8.8." Rodd. 

i. A taunty a 8oo£F. 

WaDaaab aeho saU, Tha war dtpyt my laff. 
Mar baandownly I maid am for to proSl— 
Kadam, ha aaklU and wmiU war saya, 
That ya ma luflyt, I awcht yow loff agayu. 
Thir wordia aD ar aothiog bot in wayn ; 
8io hiff M that ia nothing till awanoa, 
To tak a Idfc and syna gat no plasaaoa. 
hk ipaeh off laff aattall ya Botharoan ar, 
Ta aaa wa mok, anppom ya m no mar. 

ira&, fiiL 14C7, Ma 
Itiaoofliuptly printad oltO; Parthadil i whila W119 
is subatitutad m otbar aditiona. It aaems to haTO boon 
is pror. phnaa^ axpraasÌTa of tha foUy of taking tha 
blaaia of anything whila oua raoaiTacI no advantaga ; 
MwaatiUauy, "Ahaabaiththaaoaithaudthaaoora," 
PtOT. & y . tho fk 

LAE, s. [A level or low-ljring cUstqct, a 

Iha laud lanu waa, and lia, with lyUng and lotap 
▲ndfortolsuda b/ that lot thocht ms lavaia, 
B ica um that thsr aartis in hardia coad bora. 

JTaulate, L S, Ma 


Plaoa^ atationf ▲.-& Imv, loeua ; bL faft^ atatio, 
from 1^40, to liaw It suy iadaad ajgnlf y ploÌNb sa tha 

LAK, adj. Bad, mean, weak, defective; 
comp* lakker^ worse ; snperL UkkesL 

Wiasar than I may fldl in laUsr styla. 

Daiif, F<rp<i;a ML 

Inta tha moot Apanninaa dnalt ha, 
Amang LIgariana papU of his eantn. 
And not isrsoith tha iakkni warioor, 
Bot fony man and ifeht atalwait in stoura. 

jMiaL, ^^a aa 

Harry tha Miaatral aaama to uaa lake$l aa aigntfying 
tha waakaat. 

Wald wa him bard, na but is to bagyn ; 
Tha lakui soUp, that is his flot within. 
May myll ws oisaa an ta a dolAill dad. 

IFaflL, ix. 88, Ma 

IsL lahr ia uaad in tha aaasa aanaa ; daHoiaiia n Josta 
BMoauns autaaquo ralom, O. Andr. 

* LAKE, •• A small stagnant pool, Roxb. 
Loch is always used in the same disMct, to 
denote a large body of water. 

Thia oomaponda with tha gauaral aeaaa of A. -8. lor, 
laem, aa aignifyiug atagnum, "a atanding pool;" 

To LAKE at^v.a. 1. Expl. ** To give heed 
to; used always with a negative, as, He 
never laiii at A; He gave no heed to it ; " 

2. ''To give credit to, to trust ;** ibid. 

Thara mUat ba aomo obliquity in tha uaa of thia 
phzuaa» or a dayiatioii from tha primaiy ai^ification of 
tha radioal tarm. It amy probably ba conjactnrad that 
at ftnst it waa usad in a poaitÌTa fonn. "Ha taint at 
it ; aa alliad to laL laeek<i, daprimara ; Taut, laeek-tn^ 
diminuara, datrahara alicui ; Balg. taak-en, to alight, 
to daapiaa ; q. *'ao far from giving credit or haad to it, 
ha treatad it lightiy." • 


LAKIE, s. An irregularity in the tides, 
observed in the Frith of Forth. 

"In Forth thara ara, baaidaa tha rsgular abba and 
flowa, aaruiul irregular BBOtiona, which tha oommona 
batwizt AUon and Culroaa (who hava moat diligently 
obaarrad tham) call tha Xoiie»<»f Forth ; by whieh name 
thav axprsaa thaaa odd motiooa of tha river, when 
it abba and Howa : for whan it flowath, aomatima be- 
fore it ba full aaa, it intannitteth and abba for soma 
couaiderabla time, and after fiUeth tiU it be fnU sea ; 
and, OB the oontrary, whan tha aaa ia ebbing, before 
the low water, it intarmita and filla for aoma considerable 
time, and after ebba till it be low water ; and thia ia 
called a iakk, Thara are lakie$ in the river of Fortli, 
which are in no other river in Scotland." Sibbald'a 
Hist Fife, p. 87. 

Thia term appeaca to be uaad allipticaUy. For 
another mode of expreaaion is also used. 

" Tha tidea in the river Forth, for several milea, both 
above and below Clackmannan, azhibit a phenomenon 
not to be found (it ia aaid) in any other part of tha 
^obe. Thia ia what the eailora call a leakp tkk, which 
nappana alwaya ìb good weather during the neap tidea,** 
Ac P. Gacunannan, Statiat. Ace, ziv. 812. 

Tha word aaema properiy to denote deficiancy or in- 
termisaion ; and may tbarKora ba from tha aanw origin 
with Laikinf q. v. 





■■i^ f. ft wtKj flBaH flow, a Dga p l i g «. 
LAIìIE;«. a child's toy, ShetL 

U. M< p— Pu i^ a bov, wImb making liw flntl 
j O; Andr. 


T.^T.T^ I; An inactive, handless penon, 
Ayn.; a Iiitf has leas capacity for work than 

U MUs tele fmdL O. Andr. i agrt amlmlare, 

th« fint VM that ehildren 
of tboir Itot ; ìalU^ om who winu aboat in a 
by. 8q.-0. Mia, fonioa falaa, iaapta. 
IhnTCmarkatlMalBaitjof Or. Barb. XeA-^ atolidi 
Tka & T. to M milM to haTO a 

LALLAN, adj. Bebnging to the Lowknds 
of Scotland, S. 

fiv aff oar anllM ftr thtir pocli flaw, 

Aad aaora'd to owB that Xa&M Miigi tlMT katw. 

iL irOMa'a i>ten^ Ifllflk pi ML 

To LAMB) V. a. To bring forth hunbs, to 

ri ftnaè IB joar lair, aa naay a good ow 
Pkor. ; "Spokaa to thoao who lia too 
kaf a-bad ;** K0II7, jp. 105. 

^^1tewhaByoBWil],)roa ahall £amft with tho laavo 
patal* 8. FkOT. 1 "An aUoaioB to ahoap taking the 
^■l^ and dropping thoirUmbas naad in oompaay when 
aoBM nfnao to pay their ohiba bacaaae their came but 
latajy iob algninring that they ahall nay au 


that ibjsr ahall pay all alike not- 

**If ia the apriim^ alwat IsaifttH^ tima^ aay penon 

Cinto the iuana with a dog, or even withoat one, 
rwaa aaddenly take fri|^t, and throaglh the inflnenoe 

with a dog, or even withoat one, 
ke fri|^t, and throaglh the ioflnenoe 
of fear, it la imagined, tnatantiv drop down aa dead, aa 
if thair biaina ha bean pieroed throng with a maaket 
hollel;* Statiat. Aoa, (P. KiikwaU), t. 64S. 

*• Aa lor the aheep, I take them to be Uttte laaa than 
tfhaj am in many plaMa of Scotland ; they loaift not ao 
aoaa aa with na, for at the end of BCay their lamba are 
Mt oome in aaaaon.** Biand'a ZetL, p. 7ft. 

Lambu^ Lammix, «• L A young lamb, S. 

9. A fondling term for a lamb, without re- 
ipeet to its age, S. 

. Vor IwmA twa hiHoeka the poor fa8i6M Uaa. 

Aotf'a I Trfm if e , pi 11 

8b A darling S, 

I hdd h« to my baatiag haart, 

LAMB'S-LETTUCE, $. Corn salad, an 
heilsSb Valeriana locnatsy Linn.. 

LAMB-TONGUE,!. Com mint, S. Men- 
tha arrensis, Linn. 

[LAMBA-TEIND, $. A name given to the 
wool collected by the parish minister as 
teinds : it is now generally commuted to a 
money payment, ShetL] 

[LAMBER, f. Amber. V. Lammeb.] 

[TiAMBy •• Loam, earth, the grave, Bar* 
boor, ziz. 256, Herd's Ed.] 

^^^WiH^p ab We 

Lamb, adj. Earthen; a term applied to 
crockeiy ware. 

•• In the year of God Lm. V.C.XXL yeria, in I^ndoora 
aae town of the Hernia, t. myUa fra Aberdene, wea 
foond ana ancient aepaltnra, m qahilk war IL lame 
piggie eraftely maid ^th letteria ingnmit foU of brynt 
powder, qohtlkia aooe after that thay war haadillit fel 
m dioa." Bellend. Cron., FoL 35^ b. Umaa dnae. 

A.-8. laaaiaa, ilotilia, bm, Intom, lomwyrlla, flpilna, 
a potter ; Tent, leem, tena fignlaria ; 01. Pax. leimiiio, 
flctilea. A lame pbUe^ a plato of earthen wara^ aa dia- 
tingniahed from a wooden one, S. 
^^Cbmdo^ oapedinia, a lame veamL** Deapaat 
Oram. & 8, a. 

*LAM£, «• Lameness, hurt. 

Ha myd, that ha wald ayl a&-thyng.— 
Ihai aapnyd til hjm of thia <uic 

Wpiiloapa, TilL S6k 13ft. 

8a dyda it heie to tUa WUhune, 
Tbat left noacht for dafowk and laai#. 
Bat fblowyd hia poipoa Ithandljr, 
QwhiU be had hia iataat playnU. 


Id. lam, fraetio. 

Lamiter, Lameter, adj. Lame, Ayrs. 

" What few elementa of education— ehe had aoqnired 
were chiefly derived from Jenny Hirple, a lamHer 
** The Entail, i. 85. 

Lamiter, s. A cripple, one who is lame, S. 


Thoi^ J9 may think him a lamUeTf yet, grippie 
for grippie, friend. 111 wad a wether hell gar the blade 
apin free onder your naila." Talaa of my Landlord, 

**The Lamiien of Edinbargh and ita Ticinity are 
rmpectfally informed that a feativai will be celebrated 
by the Beady-to-halt Fraternity, at M*Lean'a Hotel, 
iVinoe'a Street, on Tharaday next, the 14th of Sep- 
tember. All aach Cripplea and Lamilen aa wiah to 
oonaoc i a t e and dine together will pleaae give in their 
namea at the Hotel bafora the 14th inatant. No 
Pfocndom. W. T. Secretary. 

Caledonian Mero. Sep'. 0, 1820. 

[Lamtt, part. pt. Lamed, Barbour, iv. 284, 
Skeat's |kL 

The Edin. BIS. baa lawU, i.e., brooght low, and 
Hard*a Ed. haa lamed.] 

[LAME, «. A lamb. 

Ha waa ana monmoon for ana dame. 
Meik in chaimer lyk ana loaia. 

Lyadmy, Hiat Bq. MeldraB^ L 2S4. 

To LAME, V. a. To prepare wool by draw- 
ings Shetl. 

laL lam, aegmen aemifraotam, laam, lamina; G. 
Andr. Xm-o, debilitara, frangere. 

LAMENRY, s. Concubinage. 

He beddit nocht richt oft, nor lay hir by, 
Bot throw Uchtnea did Ug in lamenrv, 

FriaU qf PMii, 1^ 9fk 

V. LEMAir. 

LAMENT, 9. 1. A sort of elecaic composi- 
tion in memory of the dead, S. 

Hence the title of one of I>unbar*a Poema, "Lamtn 
for the Doth of the Blakkaria." Bann. Poema, p. 74. 




>• The moiie to which snch a componiion is 
wt| fiL 

••TlMy dtlightad in tiM wmrlik* high-loMd BOlM of 
Ifco bi^OM,. and mm partieiikriy oharmed with- 
■■Imii §ua iMlaaeholy «n or LamemU (m they c«U 
tlMn) lor tlMÌr docwMod Inonda." OoL Stowari't 

LAMEB, «. A thong, Teviotdale. 

0« TWal kmm€^ Ummer, impodimmtoiii, màfjbt Mem 
•nkd, ft thoof being need •• » mode of rmtnunk 

[LAMOAMBIAGHY/f. A long rambUng 
speech, incoherent talk; much senseless 
speaking, Banffs.] 

[LAMITEB, •• and adj. V. nnder Lame.] 

fall of rain which generally takes place 
some time in the month of August, causing 
a swell in the waters, S. 

**X —im< i> S^MidÈ, tiioee i M ^ T y CikUe of imiiy oonunon 
aboal XomnHUi" QalL EncyoL 

LAMMAS-TOWEB, s. A hut or kind of 
tower erected by the herds of a dbtrict, 
aoainst the time of Lammas; and def end- 
ed by thcon against assailants. Loth. 

«* An tlM hflfdi of a oertun diitrict» lowMda tlie be- 
gw*»"»g of lommeri aMOciated themtelTee into benda, 
acwnetimoi to the nomber of a hondred or mora. Each 
of thaae oommnnittoa agreed to boild a tower in aome 
eommieooaa plaoe^ near the oentre of their diatrict, 
wiildi waa to aarre aa the place of their rendesrooa on 
Tr—-'** day. Thia tower waa naoallv built of aoda, 
for the moat part aqoara, about four feet in diameter 
ait the bottom, and topering to a point at the top^ which 
waa aaldom above aeven or eight feet from the gnmnd. 
ODbe name of Lamma$4ower9 will remain (aome of them 
having been boilt of atone) after the celebration of the 
fmtiiA has eeaaed." Trana. Ant. 800. 8oot» L p. 

LAMMEB, Lameb, s. Amber, S. 

My flUr malatTM, aweltar than the iawmer^ 
W ma Uouwe to Ion into yoor chammer. 

«« O wha'a blood ia thia," he nyi, 

«< That Uaa in the^Amer r 
^ n to your lady'a haavt'i bkmd ; 

"Til aa eiaar aa the faswr." 

/oaiMien'a Pk^wiar SaH, L 181. 

Abo isad màL Lammer heads, baada made of am* 
Teat^ lamertptFStem, anooinnm, aynoo. 

««Badlarbaada]ofooReIlA{Biiiiii«r.'* Aberd. Bee, 

As amber, when heated, emita aa agreeable odoor ; 
the ooatom of wearing a necklace of amber, which waa 
loimcriy ao eommour and ia not yet extinct among old 
woman in onr Oonntry, ia attrumted to thia dream- 
ataaeOi In olden time, the preeent made by a mother 
to her daughter .on the night of her mamage, waa a 
eat of lammer hiodi, to be worn aboat her neck, that, 
firom the inflneooe of the bed-heat on the amber, ahe 
mkht ameQ aweet to her hoaband. 

li ia not improbable that it waa oriflinally need aa a 
ohana. XlMattcienta,at leaat, Tieweditaaefficaciotia 
in thia way. Though Fliny takea no notice of ite 
tmm wèi ai Tiitaa^ he admito ito agraeaUo odour ; ob> 

earring that **the whato ia moat redolent, and amela 
beat^ A UtOe farther 00, he adda ; "True it la, 
thaiaoollarof ambce beadawonm about the neck of 
yong infanta, ia a aingnlar preaenrative unto them 
againat aecret poyaon ft a countercharme for witchcraft 
imd aoioerie. Calliatratua aaith, that auch ooUan ar« 
▼ery good for all agea, and namely, to preeenre aa many 
aa weare them agmnat fantaaticall illuaiona ami fnghtn 
that drive folke out of their wita.*' Nat Hist, B. 37. 
o. a. TkanaL by Holland. 

Lammeb, Lamoub, adj. Of or belonging t« 
amber, S. 

" Dinnn ye think puir Jeanie'a een wi' the tears in 
them glanced Uko (dmoar beada?'* Heart M. I^th., 

A kamed friend auggeato that S. Zomaier may be 
horn Fr. Vamhre, id. 

LAifMER-wiNE, 9. Amberwino, Clydes. 

**Thia imaginary liquor waa eateemed aaort of elixir 
of immortality, and ita ▼irtuea are celebrated in the 
following infallible recipe : — 

Drink aa coop o' the lammer^ng. 

An* the tear is nae mair in yoor e'ee. 
An' drink twae coups o* the lammsr-wins. 

Nas dole nor pine yell dree. 
An' drink three coupe 0^ the hunmer wins. 

Your mortal life's awa. 
An' drink four coups o' the lammsr-wine, 

Ysll ton a friry sma*. 
An' drink Sts coups o' the lammer-wine, 

0* Joys ys'TS routh an' wale. 
An' orink sax coups o' the lammer-wine. 

Yell ring ower nill and dalsu 
An' drink seven coups o' lammer-wine. 

Ye may dance on the milky way. 
An' drink aught coupe o' the Ismmer-wine, 

Ye may ride on the fire-aaught blssi 
An' drink nine coups o' the lammer-wine. 

Your endday yell ne'er eee ; 
An* the nicbt hee gane, an' the day hm come. 

Will never aet to thee." 
Jtfanaaùim qfClytU, Sdin. Mag,, Mai^, 1820, p. 452. 

Among all the propertiea, according to Pliny, as- 
cribed bT the ancienta to amber, thia of conferring 
immortality aeema to have been totally unknown. 

LAMMERMOOR LION. A sheep, Lotli. 

'*Toa look like a Xommcrmoor /eon,**— 3. Prov. 
" La mma ' mo o r ia n large aheep walk in the east of 
Scotland. Hie En|diah aay. An Eaaex Lyon." Kelly, 
p. 380. Lammis. V . LaMBis. 

LAMMIE SOUBOCKS. The herb Sorrel, 

Analogouajperiu^ to the E. name of Sheep'a-sorrel, 
giren to the Romez aoetoeella ; q.Lamb'a-aonel. 

Thia ia in fact the Id. name^ ìamba-wara, rumex 
foliia acutia ; BUdoiaon. 

LAMOO, f . Any thine that is easily swal- 
lowed, or that gives pleasure in the act of 
swallowing, is said to gang dawn lite lamoo. 

This ia aometimea understood, aa if lamb wool, S. 
pron. in the aame manner, were meant. But the idea 
la repugnant to common sense. The phraae ia probably 
of Fr. origin, from motut, moui, wita the article pre* 
fixed, U iMoal, new or aweet wine ; alao, wort. 

It may be doubted, whether this phraae baa not a 
reference to i^m6'a wool, in another sense than that 
which wouldoccurat first eight "The Waotel Bowl,*' 
aaya Warton, **ia Shakspeare'a Oomip'a BowL The 
oompoaition waa ale, nutmeg sugar, toaat, and roasted 
oraba or apples. It waa also called Lamb*o Wool.** 





/,flB hit anal modtb gifM Um an Irish origio. 

^tkf fim ètf of IXofmàb&t wm dadieatod to tbo 

froifei, Med% &0., and 



LaMturMai, that ìm, tliaday of tha appla 
frii^ Mid baiag piooowioad ZcNiMMolt tha EogUah hava 
aompM tta nana to LoaiòVrool." Mlaot. Da 
Bak mKiiL46«. 

ToLAMR Lsxp, v. a. To beat, to strike, 
S* B* 

id. topngai^ ; onaataiida al oonoiiti* 

To LAMP, V. «• To flo qoickly, bj taking 
kQg steps, Loth., [C%de8.] 

^^Itvaaallhir iaUMc^aowii fult^ that let bar run 

abost tha aooitiy, ridinf oo bara-baokad 

rar aatHhtg to do » tun of work within 

ttwata to diaaa daintiaa at diniiar*tiiiia 

iarhiaaialgrta.'' Mooaatary^ iii 209«. 

■»Tm»èa Dawtar aaw aa 
~ ihaa^dtobUwvL 
; whaliha haaid aa^ lav. 

jrUkaeLmdOtOL Skmg, pi 104. 


A, WiUm'9 Hmu^ 1816^ pi. a 

^ ìamfkk,ìampUtWn alao naad bjr Wilaoo 

aad ava atiU hi aaa in tha diatricta namad.] 

ItfAMP, «• A long and heavy step^ Lanarks* ; 

ajrnon. JBbJ, Domfr. 

Lamfbb, s. One who takes long and heavy 
•tepsL Titnaffcft 

To LAMP, 9. n. The gronnd is said to lamp, 
or to bo Aimpm, when it is covered with 
that kind of cobwebs which appear after 
dew or slight frost, S. B. 

f^oaa Tant laaqM; Unt» spun ihx ; becanaa 

1 with tha iinaat threads* 

LAMPEB EEL. A hunprey, Galloway. 

^Xmumt a rf i aom m op in spring walla during aom- 
■v.* OalL SasfoL Y. Bakpab mxu 

LAMPET, Lbmpet, ». The limpet, a shell- 

fish;_which adheres to n>cks washed by the 

" bpa$9 id. 

. aaw chais» and bilr in Kar, 


ankkilii, ooidis and qaWi 
i^ tmrttfit, moniUU in •challls, 
MUi, MMltUsio msB may ny, 
nua of thama loarlr toMUit. 
SML CSWoNu A /C, UL 102. Bum. M& 

^tikaafamnirtoafock— npaifaetdoabla 

d tha Old Xan of tha Baa» who I taka to hara baen 
Ihajnalast bora on raoofd." St. Ronan, iii 106. 

KaBan givsa-tha nama of lanuic to a apaeiaa of fish of 
tha JUlMirts kind. 

LAMSONSy SI. pL A term nsed to denote 
the expenses of the Scots establishment at 
Campvere; or rather the expenses incnrred 
by tiMse who were sent over, in their 


'Many ways had basn mojaetad for tha paymant 
afyonrlamsMU/bntaUhadlailad." Baiilia's Lett., u. 
nL TUa Isttsr is addrsasad to Mr. Spang at 

nia word ia probably oorr. from A.«S. hm d èo e m^ 
Qarm. iawil miehmmg, tranamigratia 

[LAN, 8. Land, Clydes. V. Lanix} 

LANCE^ s* A surgeon's lancet, S. 

[To LavcBi v. o. To open with a kncet, 
to let blood, Clydes., Banffs.] 

*LAND, s. A ''clear level place in a wood.'' 

Tha krqg and that kfd alrai 
T»gjdd«r rad, and oane bat tha, 
Fers in tha woda, and thavs thai tnd 
A &7ia brada Itmd and a pl«nad. 

IFyatewn, vlL L fia 

Wr. bmde, n wild or ahmbby plain ; C. B. Uan, a 
phun s O. iL lotrad^ mod. lawn. 

LAND, s. A book in the form of the letter 
Si 8.B. 

LAND, «• . The coontiy ; an land, tolandy in 
the country. 

'*llnt na indwaOar within boxgh nor fancf, jrar- 
ohaa any lordachip in opprasiioun of his nichtbooris.*' 
Aots» Ja. IL, 14S7, o. SI Edit 1560. 

"That thia ba dona alswaill in borrowes, aa on kmtU 
ttrow aU tha realma." Acts Ja. L, 1428, o. 76. Ibid. 

"That tha aold statntis and ordinaiicis maid of befoir, 
baithtobnrghandfofaMlr-baobaaniit" ActoJa.IV., 
1401,0.66. Ibid. 

A.-8. lamd, rna, tha oo nu try ; Sn.4}. id. In oppoai- 
tiona ad eivitatani notat ms, Ihrs ; lamUtag^ tha Uw 
of tha oonntry, aaoppoaad to §taddag, that of tha city. 
Balg. laad^ id. wnanoa loml-rofi; a country sharifi^ 
iamSLàmift, a ooontiy honaa, land-raad, tha oooneil of 

Land, •• A honse consisting of different 
stories; bnt alwajrs denotes the whole 
building. It most commonly signifies 
boilding, including different tenements, S. 

"FVom oonfinenant in spaoa^ aa wall aa imitation of 
tbsir old alliaa tha Fronoh (for tha city of Paris saems 
to hata baan tha modal of Edinburgh), tha booses ware 
{Mlad to an anormous haigfat ; soma of them amonntins 
to twalra atoreys. These ware denominated ìaiuU^ 
Amot'a Hist. EÌdin., p. 241. 

This aaassa onljr a secondary and oUiqna sense of 
tha woffd. aa originally denoting property in the soil 
or a landed eatato ; a house being not less heritable 
ptvp e ity than.tha other. The name of the ^prìetor 
waa oAon giran to tha boilding; aa signifyinff, 
perhaps tlui thia waa the heritable property of such 
• one^ Kdaie^ in a similar manner, denotea pro- 
party in seoeral, whether movable or immovable. 

**j[n the actioona— aganis Wilyaim Fery for the 
wnngwÌM ooeupationne of dineras housis, that is to 
say, a hali a cbavmir, a hychin, twa loftia, twa sel- 
lari% ana inner houss, with a loft abone, A ana mder 
aaUar, lying hi the brngh of Edinburgh, on the north 
. aide of the strete,~betoix the 2an<f of Johne Paterson 
A the land of Nicol Spedy on the est." Act. Audit., 
A. 1482; p. 107. 

••Thiyt-*the annuellar, hauand tha ^und annnell 
TMNM an^ brint toad, quhilk is or beis reparellit, — 





••nwiiktIlMMxiMvtQillMADiraall,'' fto., A. 1880, 
Id. 1814. n. 431. 

— ''CMi ihair bib onj cooiimol faar or lifamtar of 
av Mat teML" fta Ibid. 

TIm MitedMd it ontitMU "Of tho ArticlM* 
twioiiiag Um MB* laiMÌit and tanemontU within tho 
"Bm^fk Sf BdinlMigh and Tthen Irarslu and townia 
wilhiii tlM taaloM of Rootland, brint ba tha anUl ini- 
■aiaof Infldand." 

— ** B|f&Mwa^, fhay oall a floor a kùiue; tha whola 
hafldfng ia oaUaa a loml; an allay— is a wymde; a 
Uttfa oovrt^ or a tuB-agaiB allay, ia a cfoM ; a round 
atair ciaan^ a J m r m pUn ; and a aqaara ona goaa by tha 
■ana of a «M^«la»r.'* Bort'a Lattara, i. (». 

Iba dafimtioiia hara ara not onita oorract. Tha 
tim obit ia iadjacrimnia^aly a^uad to an opan and 
to a bliad aQay. Tba fomar la aomatiniaa mora par- 
tianlariy daMnmmatad, **% tbitrnghgang dott." V. 

To LAND, 9. a. and n. 1. To end, to ter- 
minate, 9. CaUandei^s IfS. 

Kotoa OB nu% fo. latarfa^ appallara ; partinara. 

Bat oar torm ia OMrtly a mataph. naa of tha E. v., 
froat tba idea of tanniaatÌBg a:^royaga. ^oit did ys 
Imdt How did tha bnaiaaat tanninatat q. How did 

[>• To aet down, to throw; to alight, to be 
aet down or thrown; as, *^He landU me on 
the braid if mj back,'* S.] 

LAND| Landot, Lam'bn, «• That portion 
of A field which a band of reapers take 
along with them at one time, Loth., Domfr.; 
aynon. Wtn^ Cljdes. 

Of GalhVBia nast. anndy baadt 

Da tpiaad tbaniith atbwait tha Larndi; 

And itir tbay fVMB to try their haadi 

AnaiVttaabeafae. Tki Bat'H Rig, §i, ^ 

**Zaa w> thaaad of rid^Ba;* Gall. Enoyol. 
Tba oowpltta ttrnwittt of ulaa with that conveyed 
bj IRa obrioadly raftn at to U. landwinnot opera 
aa tba origia. Teat, loiulwta, kindwÌMerf 

agrioolai kmdmùmkiffke^ agriealtara ; from land, amr, 

agrnm, A.-S. wiMn-oji, labo* 

nt% atad in tba aaaa aanaa ; win^ labor. laL wum-a, 
labotarab wiaao, opo% labor. 

LAND or thb LEAL. Y . Leil. 

LAUD 0/A4 UaL The state of departed 
sonls, espedallj that of the blessed* 

Tm WMvia awa, John, 
Fka waarla a«% man, 
nt waaria awa» John. 

Old Aa^. 

Ibia ia aaiatpla aadbaaatifalpariphraaia for expraa- 
tSoÈf tha atata of tba JmM; aa iatiaiating; that ha who 
aajojro tbair aooiat|r» oball anffer no mora from that 
maltiiom dteeit wluob ao ftatnlly charactariaea men 
iatbiawotld. Y. Leal. 

[LANDAB, 9. A laundress, Barbour, xvi. 
873. ¥r. ìaoandièrg.} 

LANDBIBST, Land-brtst, $. ^ The noise 
and roaring of the sea towards the shore, 
aa the billows break or burst on the ground,** 
Budd. But it properly signifies not tlio I 

noise itself, but the cause of it; being 
equivalent to the English term breahir$. 

In by thai pat thaim to the le, 
And rowyk fait with all thair mayna : 
Bot the wynd wei thaim loayne, 
That iwa iMy gart the UuMrytt rfw^ 
That thai moaaht weld the ae na wyaa. 

SùMÒimr, ir. 444, MA 

Ryaerii m rede on ipate with wattlr broon, 
And bomb harlis all thare banUs down : 
And toMdbini nimbland mdely with lio oere, 
8a load aaalr rammyit wyld lyooo nor bare. 

Doug. r»ryi{, ▼. aOQi M, 

na prynee Tucbon can the ■chore behald. 
There ai him thoeht raid be na eandis eohaldt 
Nor yit na Imd Hni lippeiing on the wallia. 

iMo., 8x9. 01. 

Tba iaoaniooa Ifr. EUii rtndara thia, ** land-apringa* 
aooidaaM torranta ;" Spec. E. P., i. 389. Itmayper- 
bi^ bear thia aanaa in tha aaoondpaaaagaqootad. But 
in tha other two^ it ia applied to the tea. 

TaoL fttraf-en, borM-tn, nimpi, frangi ; orepara ; 
primarily denoting tha aet of breaking, and aaoondarily 
tha noiaa canaed by it; laL 6rcf^a, Sa.-6. hriU^ 
whanoa hrutr, briti, fragor ; nearly allied to tha idea 
anggaated by B. hrtaken, 

LANDE-ILL, «• Some kind of disease. 

*'And alaa tba Uuède itt— waa ao Tiolant that thar 
dait ma that yera than anir thar dait ondar in peatilena 
or yit ia ony Ttbir aaiknaaa in Sootland." Addia to 
Soot OooiUia, p. i. 

Ftebapa a ditaaaa of tba knna ; Tent, iende, Inmbua. 

LANDERS. Lady Landert, the name given 
to the insect called the Lady^rd^ jLady 
Ffyf E. ** Lady-couch, or Lady-Cow, 
North;" OL Orose. The coccinella bi- 
pnnctata, 0. quinque-punctata, and C. 
septem-punctata, of Linn, all go by the 
same name. 

I am indebted to a literary friand for tha following 
aooonnt >— 

"Whan obildran ^ bold of thit intact, they gen- 
erally ralaaaa it, cailmg ont ; 

Lady, I^y T4uideri I 
Flee away to Flanden I 

Tha Kngliah obildran have a aimilar rhyme. 

Lady-bird, Lidy-bird, fly away home ; 
Tear boaae ia on flra, yoor children at home. 

Tbaaa tnda^ hot bnmana ooapleta, vary generally 
aacnra thia pretty little tnaeot from the clutchea of 
ehiMran. It ia Tary naeful in deatroying tha aphidea 
that infect traea. For tha Eng. rhyme, V. Linn. 

In tha North of S. there ia a third rhvma, which 
dignifiea tha tnaeot with tho titla of Dr, JSuitom, 

Dr, Dr, KUitom, where will I be married f 
list, or weit, or loath or north f 
Take ye flight, and fly away. 

It ia aomatimea alao knighted, being termed Sir SI* 
tUon, In other placea it ia denominated Lady EUuon, 

Wa lemn fsom Oay, that the Lady-fly it nted by the 
▼nl^ in &, ia a timilar manner for tha purpoea of 

Ibii Lady-fly I take from off the grass. 
Whose mpotted back might scarlet red surpass. 
** Fly, Lady-bird, north, sooth, or east, or west. 
Fly, whoa the man is foond that I love best*^ 


Thia inaeet aeama to bava been a laTonrita with 
different nationa ; and to bava had a tort of patent of 
bononr. In Sw. it ia oallod Jomq firu MarUu ffuUMtma^ 




L9k^fkmYìgi/mìUKf»mMhmi§hù,jMmff fin Mark 
flfM^Ìgm^ ÌM Viiim MMj'a.lMgr-Mnranft, q. houaa- 
n bM aaotfcw dMÌgiMtìoii nol quite lo 
XaiJCAwnf^ l a w , wanton qoaan. It 
tha* bolh our namaa and tlioaa aaad in 

to^tba Vifl^ who^ in timaa of JPopery, 
* ^ " " inacai 

Our Mtodw; aa ia alill tiia caaa in 

Oha ndUUd, lani^kingiy, *« And ao ya tbonalit I waa 
■nnrallin ^at tha vad mantla o' Om Udd^Jaunmenr 
Btoaawifi^ n. Sl 
^Ihn liqrBMb M naad bgr childnn in Clydaa., ia thua 

** WImb anj of onr diiUran lighta npon ona ol theae 
ÌMMeli^ il ia oaiafnlly plaoad on tiia open pJm of tlie 
kaad. aad tlia following maferieal jamn la repeated, 
imdM liltfa animal takaa wing and fliaa nway :— 
Jj^» I«dy I^etj 

Ttk np yonr dowk aboat yoar liead, 
An' iaa awa r 


fith, and flea ow«r fell, 
pnla and rinnaa' well, 
■airy and flee ower meed, 
Uvaa, flea ower dead, 
com, an' flea ower lea. 

naa ye oam or naa ye weet, 
flea m Urn thai lo^ me beet" 

Maim, M^., Oet 1818, p. 821 

Aa Iho iuBoniow writarof tkia articla haa obeanred, 
il aaMafaOial ••thia baantìfol littla inaect,— etill a 
mMnmMffito with our paaaantiy," bad fonnerly been 

lor divining ono'a fntnra hdpmeet,? thougb not 
; aa te aa ha oan laaia» Tiowaa aa aabaenriant to 

OMael ia alM eallad like Xiiiy, and /TtJHir Co2owa, 

Whaa ohildren hnvo eaaght ona^ which they believe 
il WOTid bo oriminal to kill, th^ repeat theealinca, 
JECaeu JTàMr rblmiie_ 
Tak mp year winp and flee awa', 
O^arhmd, and o'er aea; 
Ml wm where my love can bei 

Aa an many titloa of honoor hare been givon to thia 
fbfonrito inaoel» ahall wo anppoaa that onn baa n aimi- 
laaoriigÌH; ftwnTonl. km d -ke f r , regulna, a petty prince? 
H baiu BonioHniaa addreaaed aa n male, aometimee aa 
n tamla^ tha oironmatanoa of lady being prefixed, can 
datendno notfitng aa to tha original moaning of the 
tenn oo^loinad wrtk ilL 

LAND-GATES^ adv. Towards the interior 
of a oountij ; q. taking the gait or road tn- 

And iha mn aff aa fab'd aa onj deer ; 

f anifiyaiw anto the hllU ehe took the gate, 

All« tha a|^ waa ^oom'd and growing late. 

Mot^9 Mdemort, pc 95. 

In aig^dfioalion. thia term reaamblea ZandMK. 

LAND-HORSE, #. The horae on the plough- 
Bian'fl kf t-hand ; q* the horse that treads 
the mplonghed land^ S. B. 

•• An andiron, Fr. 


woffke^ aio aa Xondien^ Chandaliera, Bn- 
Ae. Balea.Aieil. 

LANDIMAR, t, L A hmd-measurer. 

••Bnl il k naeaaear, that tha maaaurora of Und, 
oaDad XfO nd iai rri^ in LMina, Agnimen»ore§, obaeme and 
kaano ano inato raUtion betwixt the lofljgth and the 
hnath of tho m ea enr ao, qnhilk they too in measuring 
oUaadaa."* Skano, Varh. Sign, to. Parikata. 

Jhia wofd ia hare naad improperiy. For it ia evi- 
dently the aama with A-S. lamiimart, kutgemert^ which 
denotee a boondaiT or limit of land. So. -O. laadanuierr, 
bl. kmdamaeri, id., from load and mere, Sn.-0. maertt 
Belg. nie»T, a boundary. In thu aenae, tho E. uao 
mefrerone for a landmaric. Xoadtmtfrt ia by Cowel 
rendered meaaurea of land. L. B. LaikUmertu Ihre 
▼iawa Or. lutp^, divide^ aa tho origin. 

2. A march or boundary of landed property, 

To Rkk <iU L€mdimtrt9t to azamino tha marehea, 
ibid., lAnarkoL 

Onoa in aeven yeara the magiatratea of Aberdeen 
have to thia day been in uae to go round all the limits 
of tiieir bnrmm and conntiy landa to the extent of 
many milea. Thia ia called Hiding the Landimeree, In 
T^Mi^a thia ia done orenr vaar. The dav in which 
tha prooeaaion is made ia called Lamdimere*9 aajf. When 
thay oomo in their progreea, to the rÌTer Mouse, every 
one in tho prooeaaion who baa not passed this way 
before^ must anbmit to a ducking in toe atreauL Thia 

ia lùao called LamUmark Dag, q. t. 

^^ « 

LANDIN*, #• The termination of a ridge; 
a term nsed br reapers in relation to the 
ridge on which they are working S. V. 
Laicd, LAKDnf*. 


**That all Lamk-iordee and Bailiea of the bmdes 
on tho Bordonrs, and in tho Hio-landes, <|nhair bro- 
kon men hea dwelt, or preeently dweliia, sail be 
eharaad to Sndo anfBdent caution and aovertie ;— That 
the Landk^ordee and Baillies, upon quhais landia, and 
in qnhaia juriadiction thev dwell, aall bring and 
preaant tho peraonea oompfeinod upon.** Acta, Ja. 
VL, 1687» o. 83. Murray. 

[LANDir, preL and part. Y. Land, r.] 

[LANDIT, adj. Possessing land, S.] 

LANDLASIIy 8. A great fall of rain, ac- 
companied with hign wind, Lanarks.; q. 
the huhmg of the land. 

When comes the iandtoMk wi' rain an swash, 

I oowd on the rowan' spait, 
And airt its waj by bank an' brae, 

Falflllan' my Inve or bat& 
ITanMndsii i^ Clyde, Mdin. Mag., Mag 1820. 

LAND-LOUPEB, «. A vagabond; one who 
frequently flits from one place or country 
to another. It usually implies that the per- 
son does so in consequence of debt, or some 
misdemeanour, S« synon. tcamp. 

LoMd-kuper, like skonper, nggeJi ronper, like 
a raven. 

Poiwari, Wakm'e Coll, iiL, p. 80. 

Heli, Sin t what eairds and tinklers come, 

An' netr-do-wtd bone-coopers ; 
An' spae-wires fearing to be dumb, 

Wi'à^sielike ktndkufen t 

Fkrgmsmm*M Poewu, il 27. 

Teut. kind4ooper, erro Tagus, multivagua, vagabnn- 
dus^ Kilian. Tiiia aenaa ia quite difforent from that 
given 1^ Johns, of E. kndkper. Thia word ia how- 
ever, by ^ount, rendered '*a vagabond, or a rogue 
that rune up and down tho conntiy." . 




BOtI piobaUy hM ft amilar MHM ; from laL 
db f B L diaoamrt, Ptrhaiw Moat-Q. dbev^ui, ire, is 

This word oooiui in O. K. 

''Frtar Warbook had hmù from lus chfldliood tach 


; or (m tho king oalled htm) tach a UMd-hper^ 
hara to hmit oat hia neat and 

eookl any man by oompany or oon* 
vwiing with him, be able to aay or detect well what 
ha wai, ho did ao flit from pUce to place. ** Baoon'a 
Hiat. Hm. VU Worfca, iii. 4480. 

LAin>-ix>UPiNO* adj. Rambling, migratoiy, 
■hifting from one place to another, o. 

**Toa» tho lawa of oar own huad, defaetÌTe aa they 
aio at pceoanth hare deohirod theae tamt-huping viUaina 
impodent stordy bman, and idle Tagabciiid nacala.'* 
nayar'a Soooij;^ p.T 

**I oaana thuk it an anUwfn* thing topit a bit trick 
oo do a tami4omfimg aooandrel, tlut joat livea by 
tricking honaator IoUl" Anti<|nary, ii. 293> 


LANDMAN, $. An inhabitant of the coan- 
trjr, as contradistinguished from those who 
lire in bnrghs; or perhaps rather a fanner. 

**Tho toonno ia handy marmowrit be the Utrnd-moi, 
ttat thowitUll byaria of the merkatt acattia thame 
frytlicb** fta Aberd. Beg. V. Scatt, v. 

A.-S. loMdfmoB, terrae homo, ookmna. Teat. id. 
Ogricolai agricoltor; 8a.-0. Ìamdxmam, rorioola; laL 

liAJXD^UANf «• A proprietor of land. 

Bot kiik-BMBBÌa eortit tabttaaee aamli iweit 
Tm iamdmm, with that lead boid-lyiiM are kytUt 

AmiM^fiM F o tm9 , p. IM, ft 20. 

Li tho Gothio Uwa iamdtmam aignifiea an inhabitant 
of tho ooontry ; A.-S. foiKf«iiaji» terrigena, Somn. But 
it ia mora immediately connected with IsL Under 
m w , 8a-0. locnOi^nea, nobilea teirarum Domini, yel 
' a Baga tarria Pjtaefecti» O. Andr. ; according to VereL 
thoao who held landa in fee. Ihre definea UuntmnH^ 
ìmmàbrmum, aa denotinj[ one who held landa of the 
kin^ OB ooiiditioQ of military aenrice. He derivea it 
from looi, f endom ; tow Lo/emiu 

[LAND-MASTER, «. A landlord, a pro- 
prietor of land, ShetL] 

LAND-METSTER, «. Land-measnrer, 
AigjUs. . 

*«Tho llbdenitor-adminiaterad the oath d^JSdeU 
to John Ouriob ìamd-mdMer^ and inatmctod laid 
Joha Cairio to mearare oat one half acre, in the mean- 
tÌBM^ OB a field oalled Fmlin, — aa aite for manae and 
0000400088." Law Caae, Bar. D. Macarthar, 1822. 

LANDBIEN, ado. In a straight course, di- 
rectly; implying the idea of expedition -as 
Imposed to deky or taking a circuitous 

. OOOTM ; Hb eam$ rbmin lanarient He came 
miming directly. / cam landrierif I came 
expressly with this or that intention, Sel- 

It midit aaem to ho an old Goth, word, allied to 
U. Ibmo; teR% and reiia-a» rampere ; aa idlnding to 
waToa hrmking on the ahora, (like Lamd-birti, q. t.), 
orrbuMii enrrn% o. to ran to land, a term borrowed 
fram the aea-larinf life. Bat aa it ia occaaionally pnm. 
Iandr(^ and aa anow ia aaid to be loiMl-ilriMa or lam/ 

dWin, when drifted by the wind after it haa fallen to 

the groand, I hoTo no doabt that tho idea ia borrowed 
from the Tiolenoe of tho ifrt^; eapeoially aa in tho 
aoBthom oovntiea drCm ia tho Tnlgar pronnnciation 
of cir<«ai; and the phiaaa ''like d^ iami drien,^ ia 
often naed to denote YoloeiW of motion. Drift ia a 
common metephor throagh Su Se iee§ Uk$ dr\ft ; He 
teUa liea with the greaVeat volability. 

[LAND-SETTINQ, «. Land-letting, S.] 

• LANDSLIP, 9. A quantity of soil which 
9Up9 from a declÌTÌty, and is precipitated 
into the hollow below, Meams. 

"In general, throagh the whole extent of thia conne, 
apringi of water from the eirenmjacent groanda were 
continoally oonng to tho banka, and forming into 
marahea and qoagmiraa : which, from time to time^ 
bant, and were precipitated by lamd d ipit into the 
.** Agr. Snnr. Kincard., p. 324. 

L ANDS&IARK-DAY, the day on which the 
marches are rode, Lanarks. 

**The other [cnitom] ia the riding of the marches, 
which ia done annoally apon the day after Whiteon- 
day fair, by Uie magiatratea and bargeasea, called here 
the landsmark or laSgemark day, from the Saxon lamje^ 
wuurk'* Stot. Aoc P. Lan., xt. 45, 46. 

The A.-S. word referred to maat be kutd-gemereu, 
the aame with famd-mearct terrae limitea, finea. 

Aaimilar ooatom ia obeenred in London. The bovs 
of the diflforent charity achooli, aocompanied by the 
pariah offioan and teachen, go annaaUy roand the 
Doandariea of their reapect i ire pariahea, and, aa it ii 
called, ** beat the bonnda " orith long wicker wanda. 

LAND-STAIL, «. The part of a dam-head 
which connects it with the land adjoining. 

** Sir Patrick craved power to affix the kmd-tiaU of 
hia dam-head on the other aide of tho river, whereof 
Linthill haa either right or oommonty." Foontainh. 

Lamd and A.-S. ataci, Sa.-0. Madte^ looaa, q. ftuid- 

LAND-STANE, m. A stone found among 
the soil of a field, Berwicks. 

"In all free loili, nameroaa atone^ provincially 
termed toid aloji et , are fonnd of varioaa a'lea, from the 
amaUer gravd np to aeveral poanda weigat, and often 
in vaat abondanoa." Agr. Sorv. Berw., p. 35. 

LANDTIDE, t. The undulating motion in 
the air, as perceived in a droughty day; 
the effect of evaporation, Clydes. Summer^ 
cottto, synon. 

They tcooplt owrs a dovie waste, 

whar flower had never blawn, 
Whar the dew ne'er Maact, nor the lamdiide danc'd, 

Nor rain bad ever fawn. 

Baiiad, Kdin, Mag.. OeL 1818, p. 828. 

Q. the tide that iloate on the U»md or gronnd, from 
the rmembUnce of the exhaiationa to the motion of 
the wayea of the 

LAND-TRIPPIT, s. The sand-piper, a 
bird. Galloway. 

"The sea-fowla ara aand-pipera, hero called land' 
trippen.** àc, P. Kirkcndbnght, Stetiat. Aco., xi. U. 

LANDWARD, Landaet, Landuart, adj. 
1. Inland, of or belonging to the country; as 
opposed to burghs. 




MMÌMit Bobilb thaft hm htm in aU 

«h* MMtil inlMnito, Mid dMirii to IvM in tU- 

ligtoibd JPwrfiiTl townia to btaohaiphiidia.* GunipL 

S* Hannff tbe mannen of the ooaninr, nw- 
tfe, booriih, & 

told |qp flir fraa tUafa^p eooita, 

polito eaa flow from BM I 

^# ITodK i 101 

"^Tldi idia cf nalidty.'* aa Sir J. ffindair otoenroa, 
"aaana to Imto boon tokon from a notioii, that the 
tolwior parti ol tlm ooantrr aro moro bartaiona and 
■Miviliaad thaa tboaa of tlM aoaH)oaat.'* Oboorr., p. 

iaiMÌMv^ kowartCf aa oood bjr itid:^ haa 
bot meroly to tlio ooniitiy. 

A Kliiaiyfriond imBark% tliat» bomg op po ood to a 
or boylb. it honoa agnifioi rnda or vnpollahod ; 
aa to Lalb cfiifct horn eMs, rui4km9 frooK mt; and ia 
Or. Amalty wbamu^ cÌTÌlia. aoìta% frtim àrrw, arbo. 
. Ibia tmrn ia aoBMtuMB vied adTorfaially. 

** Aad thay that aa b«a fundiii* bano a ooftana tafcin 
to laadbaarf oif tba a^i^^t^m^ and in boirowia of alder- 
MM and baillaÌB.'* Aeta, Ja. L» 1424» e. 4«, edit. 1066. 

**Tè boRov and byMtwart" ia tba oomBKWi diatino* 
iioft naad to oar towa* 

-Mkr to <to kmdwarL otU o' ttgki o' tke mo, ìm m 
an ai wiOB vbiaaa among tba fisbormon on tba ooaato ci 
fftoaBdAngBa." OL CompL 

Jl aonmCimaa ooovn aa aiu 

«' At lait aebo waadaÌTaorit of mio aon namit Waltor, 
qnbilk witoto tow joria bacama ana railyoant 6 Inaty 

■ma^ «f oator oanwa 4 apreit than ony man that waa 
MBial to toaAMM^t Im waa." BaOand. ^^ 
a. flb Bni Boatb. 

CroaUf ba zii. 

A.-& ÌM< n% andy imard^ vanaa^ toward tba ooaa- 
liy. T. Lanu 

I^AMD-WASTEB, i. A prodigal, a spend- 
tiirif t, Clydes. . 

UkNDWATS, adv. By land, overland, aa 
oppooed to conveyance by sea. 

** Ha fiato a nombar of braTa aantlamon to aorva 
to tba aaid gnaid% wall boraed, ana bo baa tbom land' 

to Loadon, and from tbonco tranoportod thorn by 
aaa aivariato ftonea.** Spalding^ i 20. 

To LANE, V. n. [To lie.] 

I amy aot fi with tbo, qabat wll tbew mair ? 
fc wttb tba I bid aoeht for to loiitfp 
I am fbH rod that I oom aorer tfUMi 


t GL Ftok. I bava baan inoiinod to tìow tbia 
of oDneaal. Bat it aeoma tho aamo 
r aignifying tiof to lie^ to tell tbo 
ajq^To^'^^ao Sir W. Soott baa ob- 
it oooua fiaqoantly to Sir Triatran — 


llnr» aMdWi Mi^^ te tojra» 


In too 


wamay imderrtaadtba 

Itoaya illiagianca lolo, to kde aoebt to tone it. 
Off Aiialotloi and all moa, achaiiplyo thai tehewo. 

%HlaCf, L 21, iCa 

Fbr tba oabak tbir lordis, to iodo aocbt to Uau it. 

Ha baiocat of locoar, at lOTnuie ia mUo, 

Ibat thai waU pny Natore bis prMtnt to reoew. 

ibid.. VOL, 17, MX 

In ona ptooa it aaama to aignify oaaotol : 

From the lady wo will not tonc^ 
Tbat 70 are now coma bomo agiia. 

v. Latvia S. 
LANI!y ft. A loan ; or perhaps gift. 

Tto tbrld wolf isBiOB of boretago ; 
Aa lordia tbat bM bndia bo Godis toaa 

Brnwy^om, Btmm. P., pL 12Q, it 19. 
••That nana of bia liogia tab vpown band— to tab 
ony groittar proffoit or annoal rant for tho lone of mo- 
ney—bot ton for tba bandroth.** Acta Ja. VL, 1507, 

Ed. 1814» p. 120. 

Sa.-0. loam, donnm, oonooaaio^ from faclM^ facm-a, 
to lend, to givo. 

Ibro (to. LaauL) mentiona tba Tory phraae which 
oooua bora aa of groat antiqnity, and aa applied by tho 
poaaanto of tho north to all the froito of tho field. 

Annotobo,— omnia oorealia dona a mrioolia noatria 
i^[>pollari gwU kuM, quod proprio notat Dei donum. 
iuitiqnitatom phraaooo tootator Hiat. Alex. M. 
JkefyUa aik twa o/ Qtid» laoMe: 

Ito aa opplent Dei munoro, boo oat^ eibo potnqao.. 

Teat, fen, aton ii rendered, praodiom oltontola r o vol 
bonefioiariiun, oolonia, foadam ; 

LANE, i* 1« A brook of which the motion 
is so slow as to be scarcely perceptible, 
Oalloway, Lanarks. ExpL **the nollow 
coarse of a large rivolet in meadow-ground," 

2. Applied to those parts of a river or rivulet, 
wmch are so smooth as to answer this de- 
scription, Galloway. 

liL Ion, mtonmaaio^'alao atagnnm ; fon-n, atagnaro ; 
Aton-o, tepeooor^ taboaoora. But perhapa it la atiU 
BMxra nearly allMd to kteua^ locna maria toI atagni, 
» tampeatato immnnia, ob mtorimaitoa at objectoa 
montea ; Haldoraon. Biaergtaata ia need in tbe aame 
aonaa ; Skuhm. a pool of tua bind in the aea-ahore. 
A Utoniy fnand nifara to Or. Xi|iNot, laena, caualia. 

LANE, part. pa. [Prob. laid, or smeared.] 

*'Grantit Im vrnqabilo kms Jamea the leeond — to 
tbe aaid bon^ of Kiriumdbri^t- power to bv and aell 
iane akynea, hydea, and all rthor kynd of mercbandice. " 
Acta dba. L, £d. 1S14, ▼. 624. 

Tbia, I apprehend, haa tbe aame aignification with 
totd^ aa now naod. Skinnera call thooo ktid skins, that 
are bongtt with all the tar and sreaae on them, with 
wbioh tooy had boon bcamoarod for tba dafenoo of the 
aheap tbioagb tba wmtcr ; q. fato. 

LANE, adj. Lone, alone. 

Think 70 it nocht aae blast band that bindis ao Ikat, 
That none onto it adaw may aay bot the deitha laaa t 

Jhtmr, Maiiiand Poems, p. 4S. 

Hence tba phraaeology. Ait tone, kur tone, <Aetr /aar, 
Ac., S. 

The cadgar cUma, new delkit from the creill, 
And ladda oploipa to lordahipa all thair iains, 

MmUfomsry, MSL Chrstk 8. P,, iiL 499. 

Thera me they left, and I, bat any mair, 
Gatowardi my toaa, nato the glaa gan fare. 

Ross*s HdemofPS, p^ 81. 

By a poenliar idiom m the S. tbia ia frequently 
conjotood with the pronoun ; aa Ait tone, her lane, mjf 
lane ; aomotimea aa one word, himlans; 

He— quait. aaida the lire kimiane, 
Waa barmfaaa aa the aookin' waaa. 

Pieksn's Poems, I B. 

Onwin Don j^ naea n^fne atom. V. Alaitì. 


tM] LAir 


tat phn»% A Imm. Thk b tht kUdm of 
Ibr If* HUM ia oUmt oonntiit. 

EkM llorjr mjt, I ■•• « liooM il fant, 
Bm te Bor star of 1m«m malr toy I BAB*. 
♦ item J Ww w^ ffi 7& 

Lahklt, Lanzlis, <k^*. Lonely, South and 
West of 8. 

Tkè hoM^ fai mùuf M laorovi whod, 

Md MOW Hit AIM «it>tkioiigh, 
And ftr, ht in aTsiMlif wood, 

I kiwi tho ooihot oook 

f. AofTt I V a w, pL S7d. 

**BiÌBf A IcMoilif widow-woBun, I WM blato omaag 
aInQfHi in tho boot." Tho Stoon-Boot^ p. 38. 

lb oovt tho Kqm's ImIp in aoof , 
Wod ffl'o OM feotk o' plMmo ,^ 

Or. in oooM fomfy iwtlo bowor, 

haMKUSMaSf 9. Loneliness, S. O. 

Lahsblt, adj. The same with Lanefyf Ayrs. 
appaientljf xom an improper nse of A lanerfy, 

— ** PoEpooing^-to dov i io' i n wluit moimor oho 
ohoald tuo voroago upon tlio pnfligoto prodinl lor 
bttviag thooglit 00 Itttto of hor prindplop Bioruy bo* 
oooflo oho woo A loMrly widow boot with ogo and poor- 
titb.** &. Qilboiso^ iL 202. 

Tho OBBM «00 of tbo tons ooouo ibUL, p. 2U. 

LAmsoxs, adj. Lonely, S. 

**8totoly oad graon in joor boanj boiuiT nako-^ 
0ooa wi' joro oimmor livoiy wore jo whoa I fint low 
&io teMMOM gton." Blofikw. Hog., Jiuio 18201 p. 283. 

** Ì wad liko to dto hoco, ap ia my oia bit gormt^ 
for a' my froono oio aow dood, tad I 

bodr OB tho yorth." Hlmidooy. p^ 282. 
laio Biay BMioly bo on obbrar. of tUame, q. t. Soroa., 

r, dorÌToo B. km from IiL Um^ oocaltora, 

kfm, lotobcoo. Ho aioatJoao oo oyaoa. Sw. loenUgii 

[LAHXSOMNXSSy Lanesumnbss, «. Loneliness, 
Clydss. MoiB generaUy used than &m€tf. 


To LANG, «• n. To long, S. 

Whoa thoy hod ootn, oad wort itnitly poog^d, 
lb htor hir oaoww ^by greotlr IflM/dL 
liady did ao ko^ h« long m poui. 

iBNiNa, A.-& loeoy-iaa, a«.-G. laog4a, do> 

of tho T. which iiffBÌfioo to 

diaw, to diaw oak to piotroet. 
hi othor diiJoclos A.4^ 

Alom. fa ì y -ow^ Ckna. lBjig-«s tnh«Ob protnhofo, pro- 

To Lavo, «• fi. To belongs to become, to be 
proper at suitable. 

Ho ii no BUHi, of swylk o kjad 
OoBuajm, hot of tho dowylio itrynd, 
Thot cu aoChyr do no my 
Ihoa Imiffii to trowth oad god Iky. 

Wyntewa, vL 1& 320. 
•^—-Fonoao thoio hm it leCt reddy, 
An doatxia I«v«iimI tiU OBO kÌMit Mit 

Ih^ Virga, T. 18& 37. 

Ua ttomo oommonad, oad wa mil ftinia horo 
Tha ino groith, tha workman, oad the wrichtia, - 
Aad oU that ta Iha aahippia faa^ of richtifl^ 



SoaiotiaMO it io aood withoat a piapb 

And hir baaaeh, thot aeho win in thy Bodo 
HIr ooonaallo goto to thy walalkra aad apado ; 
And that aeho wUL aa (01^04 hir ofltoa, 
Ba thy godo lady, holp and oooaaaUooNb 

Gona. loag-oB, portinoro. 

Waohtor tìowo thio oo a aiotophoriool oonoo of kmg» 
aa, toagaff% to toaoh; "bocaaaa^" ho oayo, *'thÌBga 
portnintng to no raaomblo thooo which oia eoN%iioiu^ 
1.0., which aoorly toach ao." Bat^ olthoogh thio 
looraod writer ooomo di ap paod tOTÌow long^ tnagoro, 
00 rodicoUy diflbraat from tamo-tut trnhora : tlmfonaar 
Mmnro to bo merely a oeooadary aenoe of tho latter. 
Objoota ore ooid to Co«e4 oaoh ower, whoa tho oao io 
00 dranKn mtt^ or.oztoadod, oo to aiako tho aaaraat 
pooaibi o opproTÌmàtion to the otbor» 

LANO, Lanob, adj. 1. Long, S. Yorks. 

Agarno tha ampyva wild hate tana ; 
And for that oana, ia4yl grtt atryfe 
Ho lade a lon^ tyma of nya lyU 
Wyth Gonatantynya aonnya thra, 
That aoalyd to that lyawtè. 

ITynlawa, ▼. 10. 471 

To ihònk long, to bocoaao woorv, oapooially ia waitiag 
for aaT object ; oridoatly aa oUiptical phiaoob q. (o 

O wow t oao' he, wore I aa free, 

Aa flrrt woaa I mw thia coontry. 

How Myth and BMRy wad I be f 

And I wad never MmiA long. 

Oflflwlaayii earn, BUmC» X 3n^, i 1S& 

Lemg ia aood ia tho oaaM oonoo ia olaMMt all the 
northom laagoageo. 

2« Continual, incessant ; as, ^ the long din o* 
a schule,'* i.e., school, AbenL 

Thia appooro to bo formed from tho a., oo origiaally 
oigaifying, to draw oat. Tho priaiary idea io nn- 
doabtodly leagth oo to ozteaaicn of bodieo. It io 
oppliod to tÌBM only in a oeooadary oeaoo. 

Lako, ath. Long, for a long time. 

Xaof o m ^ia aa d thaira thai lay. 

ITyMlowa, TÌÌL 37. Ml 

Iloag hae thooght, my yonthfti' friend, 

A aomething to nave aant yoo, 
Tho' it ahcnlcfaerre nee otho* and 



Lano, «• 1« Many a lang^ for a long time, 

— -— Waa TO a-flald that day, 
Fan tha wild Kattrin ca'd your goeada away? 
Na, na^.tha laya, I had na oaa to gutg 
Unto toe ^an to hard thia aioay a Uuu, 

Kotife ÈtUmon, pi 31. 

2. At th€ ìang^ at length. South of S. 

oot ami nobbto 

backo. aad, loartoa downc, 
gell ia tho dor." HonT* Wiat 

[3. Tke long and the shorty the result, conse- 
quence, outcome ; as, *^ The long and the 
ihoH o* his ten years* law plea was ruin to 
him an* his,** &] 

Lako«boabd, $. The long table used in a 
farm-house^ at which master and servants 
were wont to sit at meat. Loth* 








tk§M^M Mi§, It m. 


for ilka Boa'. 

LàVO-lowU| •• piL A gimey much used in 
Aagni^ in which heavy leaden ballets are 
tfarovm hum the hand. He who flings his 
ieiif farthest, or can reach a given point 
with fewest throws, is the victor. 

I«AWO-OBAifii^t. 1. Aname given to an onion 
thai grows all to the stoll^ whUe the bnlb 
does not form properlji S.; q. long neeL 

S. A east term for a purse, Aberd. 

01 lii yt wmm^ wT «b«t a witfti' frowa. 
Bi 4mm limf ««w, Md tMddtht teiulMr down. 

PiAWe-CKàlcnT,a4p* Lonff-necked ; as^^the 
tomf^e^mgU hereo,^ (J^r&a majors Lin.) S. 

IaAWUMLTS. il/bfefai^<iayt,ereIon|^Ang. 

W^ km |«a ooaplid thai «\Ur9 iamg daift, 

Mmftudmomt pi 89L 

is lbs MOM of 

IaAHO HaXiTEB Tdcx. a phrase formerlj 
m «8e^ in LoUl at least, to aenote the season 
ef the jear, when, the fields being cleared, 
travdkn and others claimed a right of 
occasional pasturage. 

vas irwy litlto iadoMd.— At DiOkeith 
tiM oeps wm off th* flitrand, it wm oalkd 
Itr IfaM. TIm Mttk aariiig tho fair, got 
toslnvatlMio.'* mod's Advont.. p. 808. 

[Lavq-bbad^ •• A person of superior mind, 
shrewd and f ar-seem|^ Cljrdes.J 

liAMO-HBADiT, odj^ Having a great stretch 
ef nadentanding, having much foresight, S. 

''Itea Ws rio SB aald4uTMi ìamQ'keadU chiold m 
w m mk twk aa tlto tnido o' kstora a in oor timo.* Bob 
Xsv 8.1801 

hrt • hi^l iiifi Moir, ttat Htotor MacNtm. 

i^Jdkii'« i>toMW, iL in. 

«. Coleworts not shorn, S. 


iUiMi'* a Am^ L 808L 

Ot BM bOOOtty 

flbo wtdBM Mt HM Iriwr 
Ilor Mi^ o^ WtSt^ 

«M tbo Mma^ woid, bat m dmioting 

[Lavo-up^ a. 1. a name for *^A9 tulh ;** 
soDdness, Clydes., Banffs. 

S» A personof asuDgrt morose nature, Cljdes.] 

[Lairo-urpiT, adj. SuU^, morose, melan- 
cholic^ iUd.] 

Laho-LUGOED, LANCh-LUOOiT, adj. Quick 
of hearing^ given to gossiping, S. 

** in tiU JO tbttt sftar wo sra dooo wi' oar rappor, 
for it wiU msj bo no bo mo wool to ■pook aboat it 
wbik tbttt kmo4ttgg§d limmor o* a Um it gaon flitking 
ia sad oat o' too roonu*' Gay Mannorin|^ iii. 101. 

[Lako-luos, t. 1. A name given to one 
who is given to listening, eavesdropping, or 
gossiping, Clydes. 

S. A common name for the donkey, ibid.] 
Lano-nebbit, adj. 1. Having a long nose, S. 

Impot'd on by kma-mebM jogglen, 
Stoek-Jobban, broken, cboatiDg nnugglony 
Wba Mttbeir gowdn ginif na wylia, 
Tbo' oa'ar im caatioos, they'd beguile yo. 

y wi jm A u»u, I. WW. 

• ABBS* 

To ihaw their skOl MA Ikr frM buna. 

Some let ap rown-tne in the byve, . 
Soma bMTed aa't into the Are, 
Some eprialEled water on the floor, 
8oBM flgnne oiede amang the stoor. 

TtouCm FMUoai Rneriti, pi SflL 

2. Acute in understanding, Fife, Perths.; 
synon. with Lang4ieadU; q. piercing far 

3. Prying disposed to criticise, S. 

Ore loMMeMftl pryin' noe, 
Wno kittle words an' letten traee. 
Up to their vera liiin' place, Ac 

JMeiMrt it Jtfraw lo Oifusf , p. 18& 

4. Applied .to a staff ; respecting its prong or 
point, Ettr. For. 

*• Ho bad a laigo fojigr-iM&M itaff in bia band, which 
Udlaw took paraoalar notice of, thinking it would be 
a good help for tboyoongman in the rough way ho bad 
to^tftg." Blaokw. Mag., Mar. 1823» p. 317. 

5. Used to denote preternatural beings in gene- 
ral, Ayrs. 

*'0, or, HaOowo'en amooff no is a dfoadfnl ni^t t 
witehea and wailoika, and a~ ìan^fnMU things, hao a 
power and dominion anapoakablo on Hallowo'on." B. 
&]btiio» iL 217. 

6. Applied to learned terms, or such as have 

the appearance of pedantry. What a Roman 

wouldnaTe denominated usquipedalia verba^ 

we call lang'nMnt words, S. 

''HoU no bo MO (aiio-iie66t( wi' bia worda the mom 
at tHi o'dook. whon a^ tbo Cardinal*a gude Canary'a 
oat o' bia bead." Tonnant'a Card. Beaton, p. 23. 

Lano pare eft. Long after, for a long time. 

Scotland wai disawaira left, 
▲ad wart nere lyuid lan^ MW ^. 

^yatewn, ilL a 11«. 

Fkobably oorr. from ▲..S. lainr/aer, of long dnm- 
tioB ; wbenoa Ìaiig-farny99e9 long diatanoo of timo. 
^Um^ mm ìtmg^adJbL-h€d.*' Inventoriea, ▲. 15S6, 

p. 173. 

Tbia ia a Ticioaa orthography of LanffeUU^ q. t. 

Wo ftid tbo phmae Lama§adiU form alao naad. 
•<AnalaN9MMii/<Amof4rr[&]woiobtiujah.*' Ibid., 

▼. 17. 





ha^ a eorr. of Lang-uttU. It is alio 
wntteo ZoNffoU. 

«« Am ìtmmmìM »6< iM oomptor, aiM oop aliiiMy, 
•ad oudiU kjil»'' *e. Abafd. È«g.. V. 10. 

LAiroSAims. ThLiov^uaetoAeLangSandif 
^ throw ooe oat of a share in property, to 
which he has a just claim. 

** TbH« mm tm wmnM qiuility in tiM Md^iioii in 
fimnn ol Pitmafcy.— NotwithrtMiding of thia cla& it 
weald spp«r UdMj tnMUMti for th« lud]], mji him- 
adi, aad^teMff Pitniehy 10 (Ae iwv MNMit.^ Foon- 
iMnh. Doo. SmpLt iL 6w. 

A T!«t"^*^ aatephoTt b ocrowo d from ìIm forlorn 
«ltaate of e flnagw. wImh daMrUd byotlien, is 1m- 
wiUeiod. in oadking hia wmy, Mnong tho tnotioM MHido 


Airo-fiBAT^s. The same with Lang^utiUs 

ooBMBodlytaoll oo m kind of woodan 
Mwmf; frooi tno back of which * deal 
or bbeid of iraol thvaa fact long ond ooe foot brood, 
indbyn hhuabwaa kt down ot tamo of mcali to 
amly the plaoo of a tnbla." Asr. Sorr. Abacd., p. 

liAlTG-SBTTLSy LaMO-SADDLB, #. A long 

wooden seat, resembling a settee, which 
formerly ooostitated part of the f omiture 
of a faimef^s house; it was placed at the 
fireside, and generally appropriated to the 
gudemtmt South of S. 

**ThoabBanhaM no Imaaetfil bad with ano arraa 
wQik. ano nuufttk^ ana napaak, one mif of one bed, 
OBO pair of bad-oonrtinia.^* Balfonr'a Pract., p. 234. 
Qo. n aatUo-bod, n bad made op aa n aaot in the day- 
timoi A,4Lhm§, ka^ and m(A s aeot; AaoAaetf, n 


An' "'Lat w pny** V»* the goda old oaria, 

An"* Ut m pray/ qno' ha : 
Bat my In^ aaaen the iMV-MMfa^ 
An' Mfaro knaa bant hai 

Mmmnt^mthtMe Smitg, p. 2Si 

**Xmigirfffr,nbanèhlikonaattae; yorth." Orooa. 

Lanohtailbd, Loho-tailbd, adj. Prolix, 
tedioos, S. 

••It k aaid thk Iw y fc ig e rf anpplicotion waa well 
haoid ol by the bnlhron of tha Oanaral AaaemUy." 
Spsldiqg^ iL as. 

Lanchiohoubd, mii. 1. Loose-tongned, too 
free in convefsation, S. 

•• 'Tho foal fo' yon* that laddaoy «00^* ho cried oat 
tohkmolhar» -for n Umg-iMiqiÈ^ wif e, aa my father, 
t man, njo on'd yo I Oonldnn ye let tho leddy 
wi'yonrwhiggafy?'" Talaa of my Landlord, ii. 


S. Babbling apt to eommonicate what ought 
to be kept secret, S. 

& Pnt.. n. &: Lo^ they too 8001 

—•« Or oUia to grsnt poww^-to aott, unpoao, and vp- 
lift oartano now cnatnmea for •,o«tmie waoo of dl 
•ohaiDu kT. oxin. horaù aoekia of wool, hydia^ nndaio 

abone writtinTActa Ja. VL, IM7. Bd. 1S14, p. 519. 
Tho aamo in tho Act immediately foUowmg. 

I have met with no term eiacfly aimijar. S^g'V- 
awyotaignifiaa from a diatanca, from abroad; Widcg. 

Lanoare, Lanoatb, Lanobrb, Lanotre, 
ado. Long since, long ere now* 

I knew ftd wela, that it wmathoo kmgart^ 
That by thy craft and qaent wylii la da, 

gycmwlawartoi^nyrootofthymgid^ ^ 

Fkom A.^. fajw. and oene^ Balg. aer, prina. Aahaa 
bean oboartod, H la a oomplate inYOfBion of E. arsfoNjr. 

To Lakobl, V. a. 1. To tie together the two 
legs of a hone, or other animal, on one 
side; as, ^to iangtl a horse,** Aberd. 

•• lZmS» or Wndyn tMpdar. Colhgo Gompedio. 
PMUBi/KrT. The latter Lat. term ahowa that It haa 
' to dianoto tho aet of ^ring the foet together. 

Lano-watbs, frep. [and orfr.l Alongst ; 
Pengihwise; as,*'It was laid down lang^ 
waguT Clydes.] 

2. To entangle. 

Fat gan yoa than, mlaehiavoiia tykat 

For thIa propiaa to prig, 
lluit yoor aiiia^ baaaa woa'd loii^ aair« 

8n.4}. kmg^ to retard, from kmg^ long. 

Lanoel, Lanoell, f . V. Lanobt, 

Lanoelt, Lanoletit, fart. pa. Having 
the fore and hind legs tied together, to 
prevent mnnin|^ ibid* 

Lanoeb, Lakgourb, t. 1. Weariness, dejec- 

XflMMir lent lain land, alUchtDaaialoiat 
^^^ Dm^. Firpfl, SSflL il SO. 

It ia alwaya pion. longer. To kM aim onl ^ faa- 
ger, to keep one from becoming doll, to amnae one, 8. 

••Ho waa a fine gabby, aold-farran early, and held 
oa bEOwly o«l o' ìaMger,^\À* the rod." Joamal from 
IxNidon, pw 2. _^ 

••Ont o* ai^t^ onl 0' limger^^ Fergnaon'a S. ProT., 

p. 26. 

8. Earnest desire of , eagerness for. 

"Wooldaot thou deaira to dwell with the Lord, 
deaiio to flit ont of thy bodie : for if thou haat not a 
daaiie, bat art afraide to flit, it ia a token that thou 
haat no faiiooitr of God, and that thoa ahalt nener 
dwell with him." BoUocke on the Paaaion, p. 383. 

Thia may be mexely Lat Ua^mor, Fr. ìtmguenar^ id. 
Bnt theco ia oonaiderable probability in the hint thrown 
ont by Rndd. that it ia from Umg, S. Uing, aa we aay, 
fo rtw* faaflP, i.a., to become weary. It may be added, 
that the Goth, terma, ezpreaaÌTO of gaiety, •» bor- 
rowed from tho adi. directiy oppoead, aa aignifying 

9k0H. V. JaMPH, SCBOnTBUM. . r. - 

It ought to be obeerred that to Langnrt la an O. E. 
9. to which Mr. Todd haa given a place in the E. Die 
tionary. Not only doea Unloet nae it ; but it oocura 
i in Ftompt. Btfv. ^^LattgurjfH in aokoneaa. Langnao. 




Jjanwtf LahociXv «. A tether, or rope, by 
which the fore and hinder feet of a horse 
or ootr are fastened together, to hinder the 
aaioMl from Idckinj^ &e^ S. 

**tt ii aol kMtf rinoe Loom bon kmffdi^ ao wonder 
iM fdl Mid biMklMr neck, '*S.PkOT.; '^ipokenwhen 
kM Mddaohr fltertod op in a high itation. Mid 
m UmMil mmwUt in it ; ** KeUy, p. 108. Fer- 
gjNw il^Qst ^*U is a short while einoe the 
ore tiM faNoeff ;" p. 21. " Te have ay a foot 
tho kmgU ;" BamMT'e S. Tror., p.. 82. This 
Am Monaneient fonn, ae allied to the T. LoiHTfl, 
%. T. £mm< indeed, teems meralj the part. pa. of 
fta «L, a. kmgeU, that hr which any animal is en- 
L aTBot. loMed; "haTÌng the legs ooapled 
nl a smsU distanoe," QL Grose, 
to foMM a faMeC, mstrah., to make haste, to 


Ikas k XoRObC or XMiflpeA; in Aozh. ; 

Along, y. Lang 





Dmv. FSrya,i82.8& 
A. ▼. is need hi the same sense. Bntftuij/it 
ii Mridinity the nmra simplf form ; So.^. laamns, 
kmtm nftned JUdm^ along the river's side ; Belg. 
kmm, id. kmg$ d€ tirmU, aknust the street The 
«i%hi is img^ knft ezteaded : for the term conveys 
the idsa of one ob.^ advancing in respect of motion, 
eroilBBdnig as to aitoation, as fw as another mentioned 

liAHOUHB, jprep. and adc. Alongst, S. B. 

When As hM loof hsd kwked bsck sad fora, 
Anddmwn her ftagefs laMf<ùu STsry toors, 

JbMi's iKsImorv, p. 61 

Item hmg. sad tho tamnnsttion Umg^ q. v. 

X4AHOOU8. |mp» Alongst, Y. IiAI^GISy id. 

** Ak nd haong throoiAt the doiss, It Utngouu the 
koaa^** lEnd. Beg., A. 1635b V. 16, p. 639. 

liAVOBiir. AT Lakgrin, adv. At length, S. ; 
at the long ran, K 

' Al 

wf waxia sod fleechin, 
I hoanle wsIUm tnib Hsb, 

is sni dsddie's haisechiw, 

As knit np her thmm to his waK 

%RiMS»'s i^vufar AiO:, L 206. 

-[LAiraazr, Lakosins, adv. Long since ; as, 
•*It^a Umg^m^ mony a year, he did that," 
Clydes. V. Lanostnil] 

LAXOBUif» adj. \. Slow, tedious, S., in ^ 
graeral sense. 

•«Baft iAsr tks tttdiflniy ehsmsble and tomgwrn 
fsnnle in fihtsning of thair decreitis, — ^the ezecationn 
ol Ike dseraitiegevm be qnhatswneuir Jngeis— althocht 
Hbtiil bo mail! kutumtm prooes, wer altogidder f nis- 
tnkTè^ A^Ja.VL,l684,Ed.l814,p.300. 
WOfttiv to complete my loMsmwariL 

tMm§. VwgU^ 408. 64. 

A.-8L is a gsam, nnais kngbs, IsL loa^Mmnr, Teat. 

Tedionsy in rehition to time, S. 

Hirib hey, the mys, ss seen m the cssm near, 
Thme's bMn a Im^MWM day to me, my dtar. 

itsii's iMcNon, p. 68. 

8. Tedionsness in regard to local extension ; 
as, a Umgiome gaU^ a long road, S. 

But yet Bse caktny hi her si^t appcsrs, 

Bat dsM aa' barse, aa' bsre sa' iaa^aoiNS mooni 

AiM^s Aakaert, Fint Bl, p. 61 

4. Denoting procrastination; as, **Ye're ay 
langstun in oomin' to the schale,'' S. 

[5. Feeling lonely, Clydes., Perths., Banffs.] 

Lakgsumlie, adv. Tediously, S. 

Lanosumness, #. 1. Tedionsness, delay, S. It 

is sometimes improperly written ab if an E. 


" We— omst entreat yonr fsvonr, both for our short- 
ness in the ahmpt abridmnent of oar answer, and for 
onr Umg$ommem in sending." Society Gontendings, 


[2. Loneliness, Perths., Banffs.] 
Langstne, ado. Long ago, long since. 

Hsme o'er km^tifm, yon bse beea Unh to peek 
Your a' apoa a lerklem addiflr's back. 

FtfgmmtCM Poemt, ÌL 74. 

Lentatym is sonetimee nwd ss if it wers a noon. 

Should said soqiuÌBtsnoe be forgot. 

And never brought to min' ? 
Should sold ooqnamtance be forgot, 

And days o'MMMyiMf _ 

JtefM^lv. 18SL 

A.-9. liM0e •iUdkam^ din ozinde ; Sw. iaengt §ecUm, 
long sgOb long sinoe. V . Ststi. 


•« Ane compte r rowndell, compter cfaiyth with twa 
iangfaUliet.** Aberd. Reg., A. 1538, V. 16. 
Tbnt and FV. /oiie sigmfiee a Urge vail, or long robe 

worn by females. 

LANGSPIEL, $. A species of harp, Shell. 

•< A knocking at the door of the mansion, with the 

sound of the Oue and the LcMntpid^ snnonnoed, by 
their t iT^Vi ing chime, the arrival of freeh reveUers.*' 
The PiiateTiL 40. 

IsL nil. lasos lyiae ; ipiUi, Inders lyra, O. Andr. ; 
jpji; fidinm cantos, ipH^ tibia canere, tpUamadr^ tibi- 
oen, Haldonon ; Sn.-0. tpd-a^ ladere, gpelnutn, anloe- 
dns, tibicen. The word, I find, is Norwegian ; Lanfj- 
ipO, laangBpO, defined by Hallsger, *'a kmd of harp^ 
on wnich country people pUy." 

[LANGVIA, *. V. LoNOi£.] 

[To LANGVURDEN, v. n. To become 
long, ShetL No. bmgvaren. Germ, lang^ 
vferden^ id.] 

[LAKOYURDENy adj. Long-shaped, ibid. 

LANNIMOR, s. A person employed by con- 
terminous proprietors to adjust marches be- 
tween their lands, Ayrs. 

This is evidently a cormptioa of the l^gal term 
LtuuUmer, q. v. 

To LANS, Lance^ v. a. and n. 1. To throw 
out, to fting. 

mkte hi fbrstsme rewllit wtill thsr gv, 
Lodyi oa laff bard, with a lordlik fer. 




— iMit OQ Wbvd with loidty Ibm, 
ZfMt lidd oil to look tlMlr pMMgt M 

JUiL IM^ p. HL 

— £i<ft oa loof-boMd, with o lotd-Hln •Srir. 
Immm kid ool, thtir bmimw for to Mmod. 

I ni^oel tfuil Mr* ^Imo Mi rignify leoiit oAxod 
to Boooi Ibr tlio pwpooo of taking oooiidiiigt ; but 
/■wilfc ■■ omÌTaloBi to /Wybit in thopiooeding lino ; 
uA that Mi it for lerf or load. Tboo ItmtM laid 
fm thvowB Ottt load, tho mam, boingToiTfroqiiontfy naed 

9. To spring forward, to move with velocity. 

Qaham Tunm, ftmtmd BehUy ooar tho landii, 
^th ipso In hand p o i tw to for to iptU. 

8. It teems to denote the delicate and liyely 
strokes of a mnsidan on his violin. 

— — MhoonklteMff/ 
Bo ptofll aa idifll, and Mag M tiMiti 


thiBBialfoa aa danooi% aa woU aa aingwa and poota. I 
§m faoBnad, howovor, to tìow tho tocm aa naod in tho 
OHiaa givon aboro* 

Wr. UmC'tr^ to flu^ Tha tomi aoaou bonowod from 
thoaotof throwing a lanoo oropaar; L.Bb loMetare^ 

oxoroore; Ann. imc'^ Jaoulari, 
[HoDoo m Immcer , to roah npon.] 

Laiib» Launcb, •• A leap, a spring. 

lad ho that WM in joport J 
To dab a fowMt ho da Uia midd. 
And grt hlA bo tho nok bat Uid. 

Jtotoor. & 114» Xa 

A foi9^ odik leSO. 

LANSPREZED, «. A term of contempt, 
borrowed from the militaiy life. 

Bild biMid« mannlnad, kuuprtmd to thr fowao. 

^ rf wart Wmtmm'MOA, UL SI 

Tha torn is vaad hf Maaainger : 

** I win twn lawot/nnarfn.** 

**Tho lowoot raQgo and moanoot oAoor in an anny 
ii oaDad tho Umemsadù or jmesodo, who ia tha leader 
or flOTomor of half a fila ; and thonfora ia oonunonly 
eauod a middlo-nian, or oaptain OTor /bar." The 
Soldior'a Aocidonoo, Maadngor, iii 61, N. 

OlB. itmoq ^ mde^ "ono that haa tho command of ten 
■oldioiBy tho lowoat olBoar in a foot company, who ia 
to aaaat tho oorpoial in hia duty, and mipply Ida place 
inahaeiioo; an ondor-oo^poral ; " PhilUpa. 

fk. lanos^WMiMÌ^ tho moaneat officer in a foot com- 
pany; Gotor. X<mo8 ^pcaola ii thna defined. Diet. 
Tnw.i **Eit vn offidor reform^, qni etoit entrafoia an 

10 domontè qa'on pla^t dana rinfantorie aveo 
qoolqno avaatage^ dont on a laat Anape$iiade^ qni marcho 
aprèo la oaporaL La Plapa a oncoro poor ea garde, 
ontoa troia oona Sniaaea, doooo loaeet jpeao^ei^ on 
1^" It ia alao written faNMMrocfe and 
Tho term la properly Ital. laneia tpez- 
hmda^ a lance, and ipnaoCo, broken, aynon. 
with iameia roUa, It mama originally to refer to the 
radaotioa of tho regiment or corpa, in which tuch 
oOoora hoTO aenrod. Latupraedto tkp iowms, ia there- 
tore aqnivalant to^ potty officer to thy rucally fol- 
lowoio| aa Md bUtei and aiarmiMM aignify, bald 
b yaBard ^ wd mannoaot. 

LANT, •• 1. Commotion, confusion, Aberd. 

[2. A dilemma, a standstOl, Banffs.] 

8. The old name for the game at cards now 
called LoOf S. Hence, perhaps, 

fTo Lant, V. a. 1. To reduce to a dilemma ; 
to cause to stand still, as in certain games, 

2. To cheat, as in a bargain or game, ibid. 

8. To throw the responsibility on another, ibid. 

4. To mock, jeer, gibe, ibid.] 

liAirrrr, part adu Seduced to a dilemma, 
Banffs., Ettr. For. 

LANTEN-KAiL. V. Ixstbxs. 

[LANTFAEL, a. The flood-tide, ShetL 
Dan. land, huid, shore, and faldf a rushing 
or rapid course.] 

To LAP, V. a. 1. To environ ; applied to 
the surrounding of a place with armed men, 
in order to a siege, it has the prep, about 

Bot SotberooB mea dont her no cattail bald, 

Bot left flootland, befor as I tow tald, 

Saiff one Morton, a capdane fen and fell, 

That bald Doadc Tbaa WaUaoe wald aocht dodl ; 

TUddyr he peat, and iapp^ it about 

wSSee, is. 1810, Ma alio, iL 96L 

" IConaaoor Tillibatio— forced thame to tak anopeitt 
bona in Linlithgow, for aaiftio of thair lyvea.— Bot thia 
noble regent tap manlio abotU tho hoa% and leidgit it 
orir till bo oonatrained thama to render tho aamo." 
PItMOttio'a ChML, p. SOS. 

*'Saemg hioa ao few in oompany, they followed 
haatily, Ming ondor doad and ailenoo of night, to 
aftool tiio hooao, and tried to tiir it." Spalding, i. 90. 

Aa lap abomi ia alao need aa tho prH, of tho o. to 
Lamp, it ia at timea difiloalt to aaoertain to whioh of 
tho Tedba thia phraaa bolonga. V. Lour, c. 

2. To embrace ; applied to the body. 

OraSyng on bli kneii. 

He lappa me fiut br baith the tbeja. 

JDmvl rtfirya,S8L64. 

Genoa amplesnia,. Virg. 

[3. To wrap round ; as in splicing a fishing- 
rod, the thread or cord is lapped round, 

4. To cover, to patch ; as in mending a shoe, 

5. To fold ; used in a sense nearly the same 
with that of the E. word, but in relation to 

Ibay deiirit on the land, 

To lap in armae, and adione hand ia hand. 

AtdL, 470. 41 
From Sa.-0., Germ., lapp, Alem. loDpa, A. -9. laepp, 
aogmentam panni, a aaaaU bit of doth. {Jha, lappe, 
to patch.] 

* Lap, Lapp, «• [1. A wrap or roll round ; 
as, <*Tak* the string anither Im roun',** 

' « 




1. A p«teli»aooTeriiigpat on for the purpose 
of Bondiiigi as on a shoe^ the board of a 
boatpAe. Cljrdet., ShetL] 

8» Hetaph. applied to the extremity of one 
wing of an arm J. 

"^ymk iifaallM laiid of CMooid sad Fkniliiinl^ 
to fkm aambcr of Ìo m oeoiro nMMni^^iot on freaUy on 
tiMteandiHagof ihoUirdof BaoeUoffh's field, ond 
ihflirUjbwttbMnbMkwanltothogroiUML'* PitMWitie, 
VDLU.,B.ia«. In Ed. 1814, ••Sett on foMcbUo on 
Ihs Ttomi wi^^" pu 321. 

A,;a,lsqynolonly«iyifiet fimbria bntina go- 
ami OMMb psn^ portion onjosni ra. It it ooBotmieo 

TLat i/ THS Leo. The lobe of the ear, 

LAP, pr§i. Leaped ; [Im on, took horse, 
Baibonr, iL S8, US.] Y.Loup, v. 

[LAFFXTSf 9. j^ Lapf uls, Cljrdes. 

WUo ^MMèk tun!l tho wIbIm bittdt. 

LAPIS. Bbw£fpìt.. 


*« A ohifa of Mif linrfi gMBltl with goU and 


xxsiiii IqBML^' InTo o tari W i A. 1078, p. 
flw tliii nmn farit rirniff f I oooioolv think that 
tho oq^pluM » nfomd tob thio being nentionod by ito 

B^ naoM in other p«rte of the fiiTentofy, ao in p. 
; vhevaeethe Mmr kqtU oocnn egein in p. 280. It 
■■jnliobe obeerred that E.anii^ thiovgh the medium 
of Hm^ famr, id., is dedneed from An£ Icmili, n Una 
ilno. T. Johno., fO» Awmt, 

LAPLOVE, f. 1. Com conToIynlns, (C. 
arfensis) Teviotdale. 

8« Climbing bnckweed, ibid. 

Ib flaiiieiMlie in Sweden the Convolvnliie Fotygonun 
ii otOed lb^4<Mlfl^ from 1^, n leef; end Midb, to bind. 

To LAPPEB, V. a. and n. 1. To dabble, to 
besmear, or to ooTor so as to clot. 

^**8ir crewwMW wieheiL that men ehonld be 

like e h ee p e nd that they ehonld tapper 
their haade to the elbowa in their hearf a binder Bob 

[i. To coagolate, to become clotted, S. 

S. To harden, to become hard ; as a damp soil 
that has been plowed wet, Baii£Fs.] 

[Lappbb, t. A dot; a clotted mass; as, 
The mOlifs into a ìapper^ S.] 

Lappkbed, Lappeot, vart. pa. 1. Coagula- 
ted; fomMrffmU^mOk that has been allowed 
to stana till it has soared and cnrdled of 
itself; Itmperi 6/iid(f, clotted blood, S.; lap* 
ptrdf Am Jootm Lancash. Used also as an 

Tbera will be good fafffMr'il-flit/ttebbeck 
And eowaai, and fudlea, and baps. 

I low, my baÌNBOold ndlk woold poisoo doge, 
Aa a itanda leivfr'tf In the dirty ooga. 

Ikrgm$9m*$ ^pcsm, iL 8L 

[2. Dabbled, besmeared, cbtted, S. 

3. Hardened| become hard and lompish, 


It ia soipriaittg tiiat Sibb. ehonld view thie 
■Ughtly oonrnpted from Tent, kioiter mrfrf, or iUMer^ 
iMii, lao ooaoniatam.'' It ia beyond n donbt radically 
the eame witn laL hìamp^ ooagolnm, liqnor ooagnUtua, 
(from kldpe^ coagnk>) ; O. Andr. 8n.-0. ioepe, Dan. 
ìoÀe, Alem. /^TBalg. IMe, id. We oaU that milk, 
aaya Ihra, mMha^ loemiaTf and loepen m to rf i b , which 
thickena, being eoorea by heat. Qerm. Ia6-€n, to 
ooMnilate, ioft, rannet. 

Tncae tenne have certainly been formed from the 
diilerent Torbe eignifying to run. Thie ia the primary 
eanae of laL Alefp-o, and of Sn.-0. ìoep^ to which 
Amjm ia ao neariy allied. Dan. lioAe aaanmee the yery 
iona of MhtTt onrrere. Our Tnlgar phraee ia aynoh. 
The wdOfè mn, Lo.* it ia coagnlated, q. mn together 
into dote. It buj be added that the £. a. renaef ie 
nndonbtedly from Qerm. rMui-€» ; ^e-rtiMcn, ooegolari, 
in ee flimre^ Wachter; whence the phraae, exactly 

LAPPIE, #. A plash, a sort of pool, a place 
where water stands, Ang. Zotp, Lotn. 

ShaU wo dednoe thia from Tent, tapp-tn, eorbendo 
haniire ; becanae at anch a place cattle nae to drink, 
and dogi to iap Ì We might anpooee it to be radically 
the aame with Umpt &, q. t., did not thia properly 
denote running " ~ 

[LAPPir, pret. and pari. pa. Y. Lap.] 

LAPRON, Lapboun, 9. A young rabbit ; 
GL Sibb. Fr. laperauj lapreau. 

''Item, the onmag ije. Tnto the Peiet of Paaterno 
ieenin nizt tocnm, and fra thine forth zij d. Item, 
the kipnmn. iid." Ao. Acto Bfary, 1»1, Ed. 1814, p. 
484. Laprom»t pL, ibid., p. 488. 

•'Pormniekill, aa the derth of eeheip, enningia, and 
wylde meit dayUe inarmeia, A th«t throw the aUachter 
of the yoong Lambi% LamnmM and yonng pontia of 
pertrik or wylde fonle :— that na manor of peraoun tak 
▼pone band to alay ony Lapnmii or yoons pontia, ex- 
cept gentilmen and ▼then nobiUia with nalkia," Ac. 

Acto fiaiy, 1^61, c 24, Ed. 1668. 

Lapron, in E. Loth., aa I am informed, denotea a 
yonng hare, aa aynon. with UvrtL 

One would almoet anppoee that the IV. term, whence 
onn aeema immediately to originateb had been formed 
fkom Ljt. i^tUt ^riif aa if the coney had been ▼iewed 
aa of the eame apedea with the hare. It certainly haa 
more affinity to the Lat. term than Kevrs or levroMi. 
Dtt Gauge conjecturm that Ih & ì^pora may haFo 
aignified a yonn^ female hare ; when quoting a curioua 
paaaage in which a complaint ie niade uiat eome, 
whether churchmen ia not aaid, aa aoon aa morning 
blnahed, liatened with greater promptitade to the 
huntaman'a horn than to the prieet'a bell, and heard 
with greater keennem oocem Leperarum quam Ca- 

[LAPSTÀNÈ, 9. The stone on which a 
shoemaker beats his leather, S.] 

LARACH, 9. The site of a boilding, in S. 


— " A Tery honeet and reapeetoble family of farmen 
dato their introdnetion to thia pariah from that ^riod ; 
and— amidat the ▼arioue changee and revolutiona of 
time and proprieton they have continued in the same 
p oeie w ion, and on the aelf-aamo Laraeh ; and their 




•nitailgr b Mflh M to baooon A piOTtils 10 thai wtai 
poo|k wgmk ol a ▼ocy nnote dmuiistoDOi^ it k o 
oonMB naring amoDflit tlmi. It ia m old m tho 
UImuoI DraBMlò^ti^ 8tot. Am. P. Kilmoir Woitw, 

*<Tlioiitoof tlMMromidlioaMiiidoBoaiÌBotod bj 

Mm pooflo X«rae* foi Droonoie^ tho fonndiitkm of tlM 

100 01 A DnonMch.— Xor 

Htud OpOQ 

wUohftkoaMÌo boat^ Mid is iQm appUod^tothoiW 
ol abooflot bMioothoLam or lomilur dmtMO of tbo 
^onou." Onnt'o Origia of tbo CkMl, p. 174. 
GooL kMamek^ rains of on old boiuo ; Sbow : Ir. 
lAayd. — 

LAHBATji adj. Lazjy sliiggialiy Ayn. 
LABBAB. Y.Laibbab. 

[LABDy Labdb, «. Y^Laibd.] 
LABD, «• 

IblDiflBrtiitMOMlopdLaiidbdtbitbianikiL _ 

' Ifr. Hnk. givoo tbio vorà M not widorakDod. Bat 
il io Mit pcoMily tbo iiiiio witb Belg. JMTil. I^pwnl. 
a olapid or iaaotm Uikmi ignaTiu, otopida^- 

[LABDENEBEy Labdnbb, §. A krder, 
Barixmr, Y. 410. Skea^s £(L; the Edin. 
lis. has AinfiMn 

a Wr. kurd^ laid, Oot^r., L. lorvitL oontmet«l firom 
faHtf^ alw fandMMi f»t of baooo. O. Vr. Utrdier. '• m 
tab to koop baooa in." Oolgr. ; boaoo implied to tho 
loom la wiuob baoon aad moat aro kopt V. Btfoi. 
Diol^. SkMt.] 

LABDUN* $. B«con ; flesh meat 

Tbo itw rfa , mwnuA radalj in a roeh naa^ 
Waa Daaa loiall to jada, laak aa a làkB, 
Qabffl tba fanlaa waa laid, bald ba na booM. 
^^ Aolafi^ L 17, if A 

f^.fanl. Tbii aaMO ia oartainly praferaUo to that 
of imrder, mm bj lir. Pink. [Tba maaaing bora ia— 
wbHa tbo noon waa in pioUa, or until it waa ooiod, ho 

kopt BO oonpaay.] 

LABE^ $. Phu» of rest Y. Laib, 1. 

To LABE» V. n. To stick in the mire. Y. 

To LABI«» Lbbb, Leab, V. a. l.Toteach,S. 

Aad. teba aaw aèho waa bja •jt% 
Ba Mpyd bvr it mynyatrabf, 




ia^oOa Hal J land. 

■ ^ I 

ITyntowa, t. 9l 78S. 

S. To leaniy to acquire the knowledge of, S. 

• **AathooUoookoniwa^thoyoangoooklear«»'' 8. 

Ptor.» KoDy. p. 18. 

Ba alD aoeMa ba kaad wala, 
Aad Iwyri tbaia langafa illn dala. 

Wpmiowm^ T. 1 & 

Al viaa dalaat, aad fartaw lat va Icnc 

^^ i>MV. VvrgO, SSI ML 

Boaoo Inrd; banad, aa a weU-ltard man, rir doe* 
taa ; ialr-mader^ a piMÌa UUrAnader, a good inatrac- 
•eri Taot^ fat i ^iee il ar , praaoaptor. " Lauer;fatkar ia 
aa bMlrao tor , taaehar, or promptar;** Yorka. Dia- 
OL. p. 107. " LaremodeTt a aoboolnuMtar or 
r. Trortb." OL Oroao. 

A.A faar-M, Alam. Imr^n. (Hnu^ler^ to taaA ; 
Oona. la^-aiS Balg. (^ar-ea, to laam I laL loaK doctna. 

Labs, Laib, Lbab, Lbbb, «. Education, 
lourning, S. 

Bot tbia Japla— — 

Had leoar bana knawin tba adanoa, aad tba loffo^ 

Tha mydit and foia of atreotby haibia l^aai 
And afi tba caaiilng m of madteya^^^ ^ ^ 

••Hand ia oaa ia fathar of taor." f^fgnaoa'a S. 

ProT., p. 12. ...«*•• 

*• Lq9% or Ukr, loaiaingi a ah obtf ahi ft " A. Bor. Ray; 

' Yo aaa^ Ailio and aia ara woal to pMB, aad wo 
wooM liko tho laaaiaa to baa a woa bit aair Imr tbaa 
oanalla, and to bo aaigbboor-lik o t ha t woold wo.** 
Ooy Maaaoriog^ iL SU. 

LABE, «. A gtratnm; ootr. from E. la^er. 

««Laylaafaf«of thoboaf^aad throw oa it plai^ 
of aoot with mora apioab aalt and frnitoi do ao lore aftor 

lofv, tiU it ba fdlL^ Booaipto in Oookoiy. p. U. 
A.-& faara, Balg. ter, Alom. Ims low, id. 

LABEIT, Laubeit, t. The name of a 
ch^>el dedicated to our Lady of Id^reUOf 
which f onnerly stood a little eastward from 
Mnsselbnrgh. A small cell still remains. 
The place is now called, acoor£ng to the 
design of the designation, LonUo. 

paL it ia avident, onoo poaaaaaad graatoda- 
brity. Hanoa it m ofton montioaad by oar poota. 
Paraonaof both aazaa oaad, in tha time of Fjipary, to 

£> thithar in piocaaaion ; or to moot at tbia ptopa , aa a 
voarito randasvooa. Tho y a at aa t aboaaa woio oooa* 
mittod ondar ^ratanoa of rahgion. 

I bana aaoa paa ana mamailoaa »«ltiteda, 
Yoang man and w«maa flingand oa thair Mt : 
Undar tha forma of fenyait aaactitada. 
For tiU adoraa ana imaga in LantttiL 
Many <«"» with thair marrowii for to iMit, 
Oommittiiig thair fonll fonilcatioaB : 
8am k&Mit tha cUggit taill of tha Harawit ; 

XyadM/a Worlbff , 16»^ pi 7S. 

Haio, it appaara, tiiorà waa not only an imaga of tho 
Viigin, bat a hormit who had tha higfaaat chanetar^for 
aanotity aad miraoaloaa power. Haneo tha poet adda. 

Qnhy tbok ya mdar your dominioa 

2na anftfta Mart, or fUnyait fkb Hannaft r 

Aa it baa bean oaatomary, from time immanoriaL 
far yoang woman to go to tha ooantry in tha beginning 

of MayTaio fltoMlena of Edinbargh aaed to go a-maywg 


Ia May goia nadynia tiU £a iUU, 
And baa thair mynyonia on tha ■trait. 

Tè hoiaaSama oahmir tha gait ia ivch : 
mi at iDcha bokung bray thay mait, 
Sam in tha middia of MuaaalDareh. 

Soon, Effergrttfn, U. 189» at 1^ Ha 
Jfareifiaaaadintboaameaenae. Tho Earl of Olen- 
eairn intitlaabia SatyreagainatthaRomiah olorgy, Anf 
M^itUU dind /ra <Aa AolJe HermeU c/ Abraiti lo h9 
Inthrtm the €frap fSrein. Knoz'a Hiat., p. Si. 

The reader may, for a farther aocoant of thia obapel, 
oonaalt a earioaa note, Chron. S. P., iii. 74. 

iARO| Laboe, adj. 1. Libendymnnificent. 

Off other mannya thing tofi ^weaba . 

Bavteor, xL 148, H8L 

Walla lattryd be waa, and rycht wartwa ; 
X(«ytp and of grot almwt 




A^ HI in «Mri|«hk UbMlib 

t. • 1. Liberty, free 
Mope^ oppoeed to a state of oonfinement or 


left iv b« dnd tUr thli^ii loM (Jdla, 
Ht Ài^jt ftnthimrt to tnwdll, 
ttter W Bjd^ al U» iomt be ; 
And fwm dryw fiiith Us OMUnè. 

ktrgif al ÌMfi^ in e itiito of Ubtrty. 

S^ Liberality in giying, bounty. 

Of all MttfoVByi flHMrallf 




Of w]rt» wmUm, wdlEwyw^ 
Wytt an, thm k wyth bawyB 

W Ty iifwwH i& S7. 8K. 

le aoeÌMit timM it wm eostoiiiMqr to 
ie lolifliting a d«MMtÌT« on daji of JoUity ; 
iRMa tfM momoal titlo of a poam in Bana. 


Xflyai of ttii Ktw-ysir Dajr 
alto prarailad in Fhaioa. At tha tima 
ilion of thair lunga» and at othar great 
tha haialda ware wont to throw among tha 
Mfla piaeta of gold and mlvar ; and tha people need 
le OfT XnrgaiML fairpentg. Henoa tha money thna 
luad jpieeef df /of^etM .* ])iot.TreT. A 
prarailed in Rngland, of which aoma 
_ jalianiain. Whan tonmamanta ware held, 
**% Mttrtada of minatral%'' aa Goodwin obaenrw^, 
""faiiiiahail with afoiy inatnunant of martial mnaie, 
wa at handv to oelaorafea the acta of prowcm wliidi 
wàfjA diatingaiih tha day. Ko aoonar had a maater- 
taken j^mub in any inatanca, than tha mono 
tha hanJda jprodaimed it aloud, and a thon- 
a^oed from man to man, made tha air 
witii tha nama of tha hero. Tha combatanta 
w w Bid a d tha ptoclaimara of their feata in proportion 
te tha lahimnniit and londneoa of their oriea $ and 
Bbeialitiea prodnoad yet other oriea, atiU pa* 
* in tha oaatoma of oar hoahandman at their nar- 
oaM^ daafaning tha air with tha reiteration of 
Immm." Qodwin'a Life of Chancer, i. 208. 207. 
Ba^, hi hk Em* and Spnth Gonntnr worda, pw 104^ 
ttnt thia yTTlf "iatifTn oontinnad to ha need in 

''A laryaii^ favyftia; a gift to harraat-man par- 
Ihiahiily, who cry a Largem ao many timaa aa tbera 

liABQXT, odpu Liberally. 

And lapviy — *— h p hie 

The hJTof Beotkad dalt he theo. 

Sarèmr, mL 146, 1C& 

LABIOK» Labock, $. A lark. Y . Latb- 

LABIOK, a. Tbe larch» a tree» So. of S., 
Benfr. Lat. lorur, whicb name it also bears. 

A,£anliag heikfated the ipot, 
wh«a pQebee aa' iaridb were leen : 

Ai^ the mvova to teanm his pot. 
At the haok af hia dwaUin Ma giaea. 

A. SptlTa fotm§f pi 197. 

LABIOK'S LINT/a. Great golden maiden- 
hair, £L Polytrichum communot Linn. 

LARfB» f • LanreL 

Thwi taipeatiaa and larit berriae t 
Hie Biedicine for paasege tweer, 
That far the fao, theee far the roer. 
— nembUag he itood. in a qaendaiia ; 
' And patj^d, ae he hid eaten faria 

OohiTt Moek Foem, P. iL pi & S& 

n; lanrW^ a bay-trea I ioiin^e^ agroTo of huuaL 

[LARRY, LARRiEy a. Jokine, jesting, gibing; 
a practical joke, a hoax, a lark, Clydes.] 

[LARY, Larbt, a. Servant, drudge, man of 
all work ; as, a Umè'lafy, a hod man, one 
whosenresbnilders withlime, Ajrs.; Dan. 
iar§f Sw. faro, to serve as an apprentice, 
larlmff, a prentice. 

LASARR, Lasebb, a. Leisnre. 

Ne git he iman aa ji hie ayad to dtmw. 

iW ^MV>^ W. fO. 
Qahy will thoa not fle epedely bj n jeht, 
Qahen for to haae thoa nae loaera and myeht f 


Lasabtt, part pa* At leisnre. 

"Wa hartelia thanka yon of thia yonr libaralitia, 
— ao tha preeent naoeeeitie compeUath na to acoept the 
aaBM, but hea poatponit to tliia tyma, till thia 
preeent borer, Mr. Whitlawe, myght be foaaryl.'' E. 
of Anan, 8ad]ar*a Papare, i. 706. V. Lasau. 

LASCHE, adj. 1. Relaxed, in conseonence 
of weakness or fatigue; feeble, unfit tor ex- 
ertion, S. B. 

Oaer el hie body ftnth yet the iwete thik ;— 
Hie febUt btei^ ftd foat cea bete end bUw» 
Amyd hie wary braist and lymmee laseKe, 

Doug. VirgU, 807. 42. 

laL Aleeea, onvataa, feaeoa, from AleeM^ onata 

2. It is also rendered lazy^ Rudd. I am not 
certain whether it be used in this sense. 

3. Devoted to idleness, relaxed in manners. 

" AHaoe^ I laabvr nyoht and day Titht mj haadia to 

' laacAa and inntil idil men, and thai reoonipana 

hnngyr and Titht tha aoonL" Com^, S. p. 


It ia randared ooee, OL Bat thia ia too indefinite a 

¥t, hsehe^ Tent. leiM^ and Lat. lox-ni^ have bean 
mantionad aa ooanata terma. To theea we may add 
Oana. laae^ tired, faint; and Sa.-Q. loe$, Notat id« 

3aod moUa at flacddom eet^ opponitnroiia finno at 
nro; Ihre. leL lotkr^ ignavua, Moae.-ò. laaj^ and 
A.-S. ieaSf are radically amed. 

Labhnbss, Lashnb8| a. 1. Relaxation in 
consequence of great exertion. 

*'In tiia and, after aoma faeftacM and fagging; ha 
auida each a pathatio oration for an half-hour, ae cTer 
irrr— ^**" aid npon a ataga." Baillie'a Lett, L 291. 

2. Looseness of conduct, relaxation of discip- 
line or of manners. 





''▲IwaÌM ÌB 41m mmum timtb mppoM than h% trawt 
ff iiiii, yH ■liDd jtt on vour gucda, ft lot it nol 
«ihmIopmm1m yoTmitbdiiineour and facAjiet, UiaI 
th« glofMofOod, ft liiMrti* of thu oitie be impared in 
■nr waÌM, bol ttaBd on ymir gairdea, that aa thia citie 
htSk boM * tanmir to eniU men of befoir, wo it may 
tKiifia lum abow** Braoa'a Etoven Sorm,, lfi91. Sign. 

a fi^ k 

To La8H om^ v. II. To break out, to be re- 
hoed in a moral sense. 

**0 ihaltar BMe and aana ma from the ▼naonndneaaa 
d adwtitfnil baarl^ that 12mA not oal into thaaxceaaa 
of mollnitia of wiekfldneaia.** Z. Boyd'f L. Battal. 

^Mo^O. fana/an, Sn.4}. loaM» Uberanb lolTara, 

Lask, «. A diarrhoea, to which black cattle 
aiB subject, S. B* 

"Tbo fadk or aeaiir, ia Ukawiaa a diatampar aaldom 

It ganaraOy otiginataa from f aabUnaaa, oold, 

>oii Aaoft rich paatnra, without a mixture of 

ja." Priaa Bmaya, Hi|^ Soo. &, iL 208. 

• Ikia wotd ooeua ia Skinner. 

^To LASH, «. a. and ft. 1. To fall or be 
poured down with force ; applied to rain or 
any bodj of water: asi^ io toih on, to ia$h 
ooisii, 8* 

— wr 

an' avow, the aagiy jow 



€fa9d€, MdiM. Mtig:, Mmg 182QL 

aipreielva of the ponxinff of 

aa^ a ImAoh' rota, aioaAaa^ipc 


%. To dash or throw with force; as, To IauK 
water or any liquid, to throw forcibly in 
great quantities, jLanarks. 

3. Used impersonally; as, If 9 lashm* on, it 
rains heavily, S. It evidently owes its 
origin to the idea of the rain la$hmg the 
ground, or producing a sound resembling 
tihat made by a losA. 

[4. To rush, dash, overflow ; as, ^* The bum's 
UuhbC down over bank and brae,** Glydes.] 

Lash, : !• A heavy fall of rain, Lanarks.; 
synon* with iiascA. 

S. A Loik ofwaiiTj a great quantity of water 
thrown forcibly, S. 

[3. A large quantity or amount ; as, a lash o* 
milk, a ftifft o' siller, Clydes. Y. Lashin.] 

[Lashik, Lashins, «. A large quantity or 
amount, abundance; as, **We got milk 
parritch an* lashin$ o* cream,** ibid7| 

LASKAB,*. A large armful of hay or straw, 
as much as one can lift in both arms, 
Tweedd. , 

Id. Mm deaotaa the load of a aledoe ; qnantnm 
porta* tnha toI euraa; 8n.-0. Ia»$, id. It miaht, 
howerw, be dadnoed from laf-o, A -& k§<m, to gather. 


LASS, «. 1. A sweetheart, S. 

ne lada npon their loMCt ea*d 
lb eee gin they were drma'd. 


S. A maid-servant, a young woman, S. 

'* Aa te aa- the loee haa eaah or eredit» to proenre 
IfVNM^ aha wOl, atep by atep, follow hard after what 
aha daena grand and fine in her bettera." P. Olanor- 

ohaj. Stat Ana., TÌH. 860. . ^ . 

— **ItwiUmaybenobe8aaweel toapeek abontit 
while that lang-lngged limmer o' a kus ia gann fliaking 
in and ont o'&e room.** Ouy Mannering, iiL 101. 

Lass-baibk, •• A female child, S. 
Lasbob, 9^ 1. A young girl ; strictly one be- 
• low iJie age of puberty, S* 

•*tt WM n ooaunon remark,— that the kuriei, who 
had been at Nanae Banka'a lehool, were alwaya well 
' apoken of, both for their ciWUty. and the trigneee of 
their honeee, when they were afterwarda married. 
Ann. of the Far., p. 29. 

lfylofeihe'abiitak«iffOt Old Simg. 

nuwalimM, to mark the inf eriori^ of age mora de- 
terminatdiy, hU ia preflzed, 8. . ^ .. 

"Her M kutiet, Kate and EiBe, were better off.** 
fi ^ wtwkmìm^ n^ aap., pb 28. 

••The faMMweana, like daatering beee, were mounted 
on the earta that Btood before Thomaa Birdpenny, the 

▼intner'a door." Ayra. Legateee» p. 282. 

8. A fondling term, S. 

It haa bemi obeerved that the 8. haa often three 
degieea of diminution, aa beeidee Lasrie, Latmoek la 
naSd lor a little girl, and Ltuiikie, Uutikm for a rery 
little orL On Uie aame plan, we have lad, laddie, 
ìaddcdt,mì laddOsm or laddikU; wi/e, wf^, w^ock, 

Lassock, Lassockus, $• A dimin« from E. 
&w«. West of S. [OaeL o^, young.] 

" I wadna for ever aa mnekle that even the ìamoek 
ICattie Itaui'd ony thing abont it, I wad nerer hear an 
end 0*1** Bob B47, iii. 287. 

Lass-qusak, f • A female servant ; rather a 
contemptuous designation. West of S. 

*«Ifa my rale to gwg to my bed— precieely at ten 
o'efeck eek the lam-Sutan there, if it iana a funda- 
mental rale in my houaehold." Rob Boy, ii. lOB. 

Lass-weak, •• A female child, Fife. 
LAST, 9. A measure used in Orkney. 

*' /ton, 24 m ealea makia ana UuL Item, of meille 
and aMlt^ ealled eeliC, ane loM makia ana Soottiah 
chalder." Skenab Verb. Sign. Ta iSerpftziM. 

[Skene alao alatee that a mjI of rye contained from 
18 to 19 boUa ; and that a laat generally weighed 128 
afeonea TVoy.] 

Su.^. faea^ menanra 12 tonnarnm. Hire. But the 
meeanre, he eara, differa according to the natnra of the 

lity. Jbeeidea, the ìaU waa alao a meaaun of 
iquida. v. Ualybnrton'a Ledger, p. 288.] 
Thia aeema to be from IsL kla», quantum portat 

tnha Tel carraa, q. a caiTÌage-load^ from ìSkn^ 
onerara^ to load ; G. Andr. 

luAST^ #• Durability, lastingness, S. 
Lastie, Lastt, adj. Durable, E. Uuiing^ S. 

**If yon be haaty, youU never be Uuhf,** S. Pror. ; 
" apoken iionioally to laay people.** Kd!^. p. 2ia 





lààatam (pomp^)^ mb. More ktdy, AbenL 

lààMTmn (mperi.), aAr. Laft| ibid. 

Lam Lmc A man is laid to be on his hut 
U^ either wliea his strength is ahnost ea- 
tneireihansted bjeiartioii,sge,or disease, 
er wneii he is soMOsed te be on the borders 
€» banknipt^y S« 

to MDOROww fran ftbsAity whicht 
■Hn aU* 1» MOTO aboatk is totaUj unfit for 



1. To snifery to permit, S.B. 

» XfilL 881, Xa. 

* Iht Mfty^fr vildt ayiiy 

Aid a pwt «r Uf fddpeBfln, 
lb Mk vjtl kjii, tad iMd hTm thm 

lad IM idA «ita« «fc thtt* wSk 

{L To Lat Aiv. 1. To fire^ explode; as, 
Be te i|f the gon, Cljdes. 

1. To bfeak wind. Y. Lat Gab, 8. 3, 

8» To asake a great dispUj, to show off, 

[Lat-Aiv, a. A great dispkj, a bounce^ 

S. ToLatBi. To let alone, to cease from, S. 

£flllf to f« ai^ « ttj nlf .to raffl. 

Am^ FtfyO; Ua 19l 

lis lUI 110% «kpit HtnieBn,— 
aaU to M^nflitk bat tinfhtt ot Todo woaidisu 
-' ABbvkMMtaadlkktBMfaltaiuftii 

^^^ iNdL,VL81 

msÌBaK**IM8ikItelalooa. Jalayna.— X€< 
to this avwetSM^ my fr wida , it ia tjOMb yoa be aat 
je^^* Pld«r- Bw &. F. 279» a. 

to aoapaafo «• vito b«f« ao dobat : 
Mfalll laar tdi^ aad M tto Sompaonr to. 

{jaaaMTy Fhrm BreL^ SSH. 

4. Lat Bi^ Let Bs. Much less, far less ; 
q.]iot onoe to mention, to take no notice of. 

% dha tto cnto it WM aa» bait, 
Xil to to pnlMto pan tto frait, 

Ctor ry aail i8b«, it 91 

"'LoVf towaa •«§ a penoa ooold ba foaad of paito 
isfidsita tor aaok a avnos^ Moitoa, BozbanL Ui 
to BaddiMloe or 8tii1ia& waia not of raffidant 
shsaMwau'*' BaOBa's Lsttm, i. SI. 

•^Om TiaaaiMi oonftaieil, ttoit lie had haard that 
kaefa'a Motiae to hto^ withoat diiwnting, of joiniag 
^Mk tha Sooli^ if a partj ■hoald -00010 over to Ire* 
Ind I hat withal did atoar, that ha had oeror aay 
•aahiaMtaftioe, H to ptot^ for aoooaapliahmaat of any 
saahMlMe.* Ihid.»Vl7a 

U. IrtNs 8v. fad-% dadaaia^ VonL; tha Tory term 
to Tifi. Ibr wMeh Do«f. aaea tol to 

[5. To Lat Flt. To throw a missile, to 
shoot ; as, He idi/y at the rabbits, Olydes.] 

e. To Lat Oab. L To let off, to let fly, S. 

bliad Onpid did lot pa< a ahafky 
Aad etaas tto weaai, itiaagtn to hit craft. 

Rmt9 Hdmof^ p* lA 

2. To break wind, S. 

8. To lose the power of retention, S. 

4. To raise the tnne, S. Y. Lbt, v. 

[5. To give birth, Banffs.] 

[7. To Lat Iir. 1. To canse to lose, to swindle, 
to orerreachy Clydes. 

2. Tb hi mo* jMsr, to allow to fight, 

[8. To Lat-ihtil. To strike; as, <<He Uet 
uUil the ribs o' Im wee a drive,** Banffs.] 

9. To Lat 0*bb. To swallow ; as, <' She 
wadna iai o*€r a single drap,** S. B. Hence, 

Lat-o'xr, «. 1. Theact of swaUowing, S. B. 

2. Appetite;, stcHnach, ibid. 

[10. To Lat Ok. 1. To pretend ; as, «< He 
isl 0» ho was a gentleman,** Cljdies. 

2. With fidV, or iMtMT, it means to con- 
ceal, to evade, to keep back ; as, **He 
mifgt ItU om abont his losses,** ibid.] 

[11. To Lat on the mill. To scold ; as, 
^Ainoeshe &ito on <AdmiQ^ she gars a* bodie 
shack r thir sheen," Banffs.] 

[12. Lat Oot Ok, or Upok. To break out 
into scolding; S.] 

13. To Lat Wi*, v. o. and n. I. To yield 
to, not to debate or contest with, Aberd. 

2. To indulge, as a child, ib. 

[Lat, t. Let, hindrance, Barbour, zii. 516.] 

Latttk, «. Hindrance, impediment. 

naa gialhit Moa thir mm of armrm toyai : 
Sadlya oo ftito oa to tha hoon thai aocht, 
Aad aatryt bt, for fa<(ya fimd thai aooht 

Wallaei, ìt. «, Ma 

To Lat, Let, v. n. To esteem, to. reckon; 
frequently with the prep, of; pret kyt^ lete» 

Aad thai, for thair myoht aaarijr. 

Aad far thai i«< of WI haychtly. 
Aad for thai wald diatioy wa alL 
Maiaa thaim to f jebt— 

Thia ia laadarad Ht^ adit. 1020. 

, liL SSO, Ma 

loto thia warld 0^it wa iat leichtlr. 
Throw Saaehalr laat ftiUUlit with foUr ; 
Qnbill all oar tjrma ia luitaay to tia^ 
Aad thaa to aiaad wa aiay do aocht oat aiioto 

FHmb^Pèbiù, &P.JL, L & 

AU tto foaUa of tto Srth to dafoaUt aya^ 
Thaa liCt to aa naa hia parau 

iTaafal^ iii. XL, Ma 




Tki MB l^|< kfai iMgOyt 01, 
HMift b» bii fid MlSSiBd bid ^nt 

Smimr, ilx. 680, 1C& 

IbA tkd mO M IImIb troivjt 01 
fkBlkal w|t wiOl w b« aw*/. 

JMA. ▼. 71^ 101 

lil k tirai «Md O. I. 

An thrt BMi MiM W Mt 11 ■oO, and ia Mbot Ukftth. 

A-8L JMliw. vip«tM% ectuiare, judioare. /Noroif 

To Lat, Latt, V. a. To leavo. 

Imt I lk« Qmjb Id ■■■■■■■ i«dy dydit 

mk tatk Sir off WaUtM tnwnm mht. 

ITaltaM^ VOL 1100, lf& 

Xfl( X tUft Kii« aaland h ji ofdinun. 
M J pvpoi li to ipok loa tibiof off noao. 

iWdL, Is. 1882; ICa 

b thon ond othor fMmmta, kim m nbotitatod, 

This it a fonr aaeioBl oènao of tho «., oorrapoiidmg 
lo Sir. loof-d, io loavo, Sorai. A.-S. faef-cM, icL Xa«< 
Omt fiU» IcM^ Laavo ttoco thy offoriii& Matt ▼. 24. 
It §atU imioi kimmm damt ma Mom to kufira; Eelinqno 
tao Jadifllo afaio qaam oonua; Booth. 88. & 

MoooCfci M-oa, iafHamf id. Aietàndàn$ ina guUk 
iMftaa aUsi/LoaTi^f hua, thojr aU flod, Karfc ziv. 

001 Qona. 
Thii is tho Bioot wpK aad pit>t)aUy wao tho on- 
Doo of tho a. For what dooo tho idoa of por- 
^ which io tho ofdiaarj ìcbm^ imply ; Imt uiat 
k le^ to tako hit own will, or to profor oao 
sodo of aeoag to aaothorf 

To Lat, V. fi. To put to hire, K let. 

**Bm qaha loffii or aote tho thiag for hyro, to tho 
TOO of aaa othor maa, aoald dolÌTor to him tho oaunino 
thioi.* Bog. Mi4. & iit o. 14, 0. 2. 

Xama. part. pa. ^'Aay thiag laftia aad reoooTod 
to l^jia far mt aad profito." iMd. Tit. 

To LATt LxT, V. a. To hinder, to retard. 

— XiMif wo tho SOWBO to M 


Afl it poHlt bo-twiz om lyeht, 

Aad of tho Swat fa«j« wo Um lycht 

irynlowa, YiU. 87. 86L 
Mooa^. lol-jaa, A.-8. fa<-aa, kU-am^ So.^. 
U. IH^ Boig. Iftt-OR, id. 

LATCH, #. 1. A dab, a mire ; OL Sibb.; a 
wet mass, Banffs. 

** If w« wwo aaoo hj Withonhia'o loIrA, tho roid*o oo 
aa'or lao oaft, aad wall ohow thorn play for't— Thoy 
oooo oaaio to tho plaoo ho aaaiod, a aarrow chaaodi 
thiaagjh which ooakod, nthor thaa flowed, a mall 
itnywal otroaai, aiaatlod ovor with bright greea 
maàÈm,"'^'* DompK loft to tho freedom of hia owa 
wOl, trotted to aaothor part of tho laiek,** Guy 
"iL 80^31. 

S. A rat, or the track of a cart-wheel, S. O. 
liATOHT, ojy. Full of rata, S. O* 

[To LATCH, V. a. To catch, seize, possess ; 
part Mu* latekid, katehif laughtf ùghi^ S. 
A.-S. loKeoM^ id. v. Lauoh.J 

[Latohbt, 9. A iniart blow, Banffs.] 

[To Latob, v. fi. 1. To show Iasine8s; as, 
<*He'8 eje itleUi' at'i wai^ an' eye ahin.** 

S. To kiter; aa, ''He steed laichUC aboot o* 
the rod.** BanfFs.] 

[Lato(H. 1. Indolence, ibid. 

8. An indolent oerson ; as, ^ He*s a mere JofcA 
wee*8 wark ; Wa eye ahm," ibid.] 

[Latohebt, Latchak, foH. pr. Used as a «., 
and as an adj. in both senses, ibid.] 

To LATE, Lbbt, v. a. 1. A term applied 
to metal, when it is so heated in the fire 
that it may be bent any way without break- 
ings SI it is used with respect to wire of 
any kind. Latìty part pa. 

8na etele hawhrakto Ibrgie ftnrth of olita, 
Birn jit flawkertb tad leg banei fate hete. 
With iaiU eowpyl eiliier wett amnielyt 

X^. FtryO, 98a ML 

Bom fatiC bttoaa hat Uy bpb ia Uwde Wte. 

2. ^'They say also, iron is laUd^ when it is 
covered with tin," S. Rndd. 

la tho hitter oèaaa it oeema aDiod to 8ii.-0. iaad-a, 
iod-a, lottf-o, to ooldor. la tho former, it ie aiore al- 
lied to A.-S. UiMe-akm. Utk^km, ge^-ian, to eoftea, to 

attempor, aioUom ot trMstabilom io praebore, Lyo ; ao 
iadoea iroa io ooftenod faj heat. 

* LATE, Lat, adj. At laU^ at a late hoar; 
laU and atr, late and early, S. 

The mora ol lafi^ that dieery hoor, 
Fea epeetrm grim begia their toor, 
Aa' itelk ia liightAi' Ibnoe abroad, Ae. 

iV<r ^ PiM&te, ^ IL 

[LATE, «• Gesture, demeanour, Barbour, 
TÌL 187. IsL Ui, manners.] 

To LATHE, V. a. To loath. 

Be iawyd mea, thet war WHtaowi ; 
He lalAyd aad ehaityd all nrtjowii 

fryalDiro, 7. 10. 480. 
A.-S. IfrfiUaa, id. 

Lathand, part. pr. 

— Laithly ead looey loHoiMf ee a Mk. 

Dwiter, Mm rg r m m , iL M, et 7. 

This Baaioay ozpbiaa **foeblo. week aad faded.'* 
It ie oertaialy aiore ooaeietoat with tho other opithete, 
to reader it^ " caaaiag diegott, ao a look dooe by ito 

Lathe, adj. Y. Laith. 

Lathelt, adj. V . Laithlt. 

LATHERON, «. 1. A sloven, S. Y. 

2. It seems used as equivalent to Limmerf 

*'Wo thea had. the lorAerea saauaoBod before tho 
oeeeioB, aad waa aot kmg of makiag her ooafeee that tho 
fathorwaa Niool Saipe^ Lord Qloaioeini'o gpunekeopor." 
Aaa. d tho Par., p. SL 



■» •• 

! • * » 




Laibboit, Lathbbik, adj. 1. Lazy, Fife. 
%> LaWf Tvlguv Ayrt. 

^flàt bad »i»tMl tun* a^d would noi l«t me, her 
«alrdMttktar. m&m or meU wi* tho laikrom Immo oI 

ULTSESGEf $• Leisure; a word mentioned 
lijCeIliuider,lCS. Notes on Ihre, vo. Idt^ 


tho MM With & & LesMu, id. V. 

LAUNEB^ f. One- who is learning the 
XolM hngnagOy life. 

TUs on baidfar bo tnood to ao rMpaetabla an or^in 
Mf^. UMmtt^ & Laibiar4HB, a diagoaua, an m- 

JiATIOlJSE» a4f. Free, unrestrained. 

Iflt. lBta% or ooBpar. nost faffa& 

LATRINE, LATBOiTy Latbons, «. A privy 
Is* falriiifi 
^•Ibo UioiM of tbo orataffio of tho boapitall. 

batd. Bflc» CmiI 19. 

** It »"J<i 1029, tba mibliek lolroiiei (iwnoTed from 
tbo Mttb nvol of tbo jgnat baU) wore built wbera 
MWtb^aSuid.'* GraitirUiisT. Edin., p. 15a ^ ^ 

**HaalaotiRod tbo fairoM in tbo ooUaga, whereby 
tha atadanta bad not aiioh natoxal oaaomoat aa bof ora," 

4Saa»-4a tha falroua and looeptaolo of tho 

loantainbalL V . DiicR, «. 

LATTEB|a4^*. Lower, inferior in power or 

' TiH^ lia^ body tiititmtn\ or oaeb«t» may not be 

MiadlBfafferGòiiiti than Coorta of Baron; hot gif 
SwiCouti boTO tbo aamino fradomo, that tbo Baron 
beo." Baiott Oooita, o. 47, oomp. with Qaon. A^, e. 

4& ^ìàtB or linuno may not bo adjudged, or 
dMeanad aa aaobeìt^ inano oonrt, tii^rior to ana Baron 

Obnrt» osaapl that ooort bono tho liho libartio and 

Tbk aaama m aomparatÌTa fanned from A.-S. iaiik, 
Mk mafami s or a oorraption of hftkr. bad, baaa ; 
%llra amoli; bad money ; kiht^^jua. 

Lattbb-Mìbat, Lbatkb-mbate, f. "^Vic- 
toals biooght from the master^s to the ser- 

Aam tbiftwaft pofter wad na bt 
Btai in while Mfir aMol woi batt ; 

Aanmy^f Fmm, i S37. 

laana in Anebtarmonobtie, atrako 
fai the leoler meole roomo." 
Diaiy, p. 156. 

LATT0l7CE,f. The herb lettuce. 

Hi myebt weOl iirro Ibr ei0 a eoire. 

mm^tJottHiomft, bwdia and townee ; 

M fiij ftm f fj ig firffMte. Tbia ia in the old ooUeetion 
from tbo ISin. Stmilea babani tobn bMtnoaa." S. 
Fkvr. t IMfp p. 941. 

LATTOUN, f. 1. A mixed kind of metal, 
E. laUm* 

8am b^ lotfeim bat Uy Wpia bi law^ Ifte. 

Jh^ FwpO, SS, b. 4A. 

Le., *«8oma beat bittoan that ia totit^ agdnat law, 
littio to their praiee." V. Latb, v. 

It ia aingaUr, that tbia term had in O. B. aiffnified a 
bcaaer.^^XoeaiorLaion. iErarioa. Anriodearina." 
Prompt. Parv. 

2. Eleetmm, ^a metal composod of gold and 
silver,** Rndd. 

The Ikht teg bamee on that HUr eyde, 

With gold eod bimiei UUiomn porif yit, 

CMtfit and poUet wak ha did eep^ ^^ ^ . 

3. The colour of brass. 

^Brifibt Fbeboi eebeoe eooemne beoiaBii B, 


Clara Bchyaand bemee, and coldhi eameiia hew, 

In la<toim eoUoor altering all of new ; 

Kythbig BO eigne of heit be hie vieleg^ 
So nen appiochit he hie wynter Btege ; 
Beddy be wae to enter the thrid none, 
IndadyekyeeniderOiprioorBe. |,y. jja a 

In tbia aenaa it ia alao naed by Chano. 
PbaboB wan old, and hewed like falon, 
That in hie bote decliDation, 
Sboae ea the boned gold with etremee bn^t.; 
Bat now in Capriooroe adoon he light. 

^VnnML T., t. 11567. . 

So atriking ia the reaemblanoe between tbia, and the 
deaeription given bv Donglaa, that one woold almoat 
think that be bad the langaam of Chanoer in bia eye. 

laL haUm, orichatomn, Belg. laioem, Qeim. Mon, 
id. Varioaa oonjectniea aa to the origin may be aeen 
in Jnn. Btym. in to. 

LATTYN, #. V.Lat, «. To hinder. 

LAUANDER, Lavandbb, #. Laundress ; 
Fr. lavendiere, 

«<To the lavander iij giet bred," Ae. Cbafaneia' 
liary, i. 177. 

Lauandbib, «. The laundry. 

**Ltuumdri€; Margaret Baloomie^ kuumder,^ Ibjid. 
Xaii€iNier, waaaber. Lotnx." Prompt Pter. 

Lmmder ia naed both aa the maaonline eod feminine. 
^•Lamiuier. Lotor. Lotriz." Ibid. 

[LAUBOB, Lawbob, #. Labour; tillage, S.] 

[To Laubob, Laubyb, ». a. 1. To labour. 

Lyndsa/s Gomplaynt to the King, 1. 215, 

CcHupl., S., p. 191. 
2. To till, to plough, Clydes.] 
[Laubobablb, adj. Pit for the plough, or 

able to be ploughed, ibid.] 

LAUGH, Lawin, Lawwo, pron. lauwin, «. 

A taTem-bill, the reckoning. 
The firat ia eometimeo naed, S. B., only the Utter in 

other parte of 3. 

Ay ae the godwyf broeht ia. 
Ana eeerit open the waack 

• a 

• * * 

••• «•• 






r, aat ifhtr add, B«y, 

JbiMi Mir ImmL L«.t oiloiilal)* whM k tvwy ont's 

Tht dofi wm% baridiur, Mcki w«ra emwing, 
Mli|IMriiUdi« wU Mating tlM^ 


lb bt kl fo wtthwil thtir 

CbMr« ifMè i>teM. P. L, p. a. 

aWk darJT— JtfaomCtoth. faam, ranwuwratio. ItfasMi 
iHMmdMdooondttCftbleNMmblMioetoUiit; and Gem. 
Mil !■ «nd in the muii« mom ; wagei^ raoompaaM, 
lyj yiiMoAis £ii«^ frtight I CofioAii^ pay lor a day's 

BbI aa kmdk aeawi Ilia original form, tha tann, lag, 
or Im^ baing apparantly of lafir naa, tba wofd elaima a 
diflwant pacan^ga. Taut. gAe-iogA* 0Ae4ac0A, avm- 
bolna, oompotatto ; olali, or ahot^ a drinking togethar. 

Kilian daiiTM this from leggk-m^ to lay, baoauM avary 
ooa laya daim or oontribatM Ida shara. (M«4fMA-vry, 

itinm pro lataoonfect, aieyea offima^ ooBfeRa^ 
piMaiia at gilde a peftoioflarra. Ot Mt nota ooUactiTÌ, 
^pin nana aolna non fMÌt ooUaotam nao symnoaiom. 

Aoeoiding to this aoaoont^ tha origin of tha taim 
b lalMvad baA to that aariy pariod, in whieb tha 
Tìftt^iHìTt whan oaliibf *^*g tha faaata of haa* 
, warn wont to oontribata^ aooording to thair 
ability, maat and drink, wiiioh thay oonsnmad in oon- 
▼irialmaatingk V. Skvl. 
8n.-0. lag, in lika nunnar, aigniflas aodal intar- 
ras^ faUowship ; alao^ a fsMt, a oonvÌTÌal antertain- 
it t loeppaaoNMiMM^ to ooUaet, orgathar thalackon- 
lag; Sir. Moloi lageip to pay lor IJm antartainsMnt, 
^ndag: Id. fapamaa, logtraecler, lagmuuifar, danota 
oompaaioni^ proparly in f aaating or drinking. Aw 
ftoas Hgm a mmt, langonantnr aannn ai weUa; Hane 
oontobamalinm qniaoaa oontnbamali 
bat ; Spao. RagaL, p. S70l 
to Olana, log baa a difiarant origin from 

iMioshibaradabat; Spao. RagaL, 

that whioh hM baan aangnad to tha Germ. word. Ha 
dafiTM l agi ma i i h ir from IiL laag, drink, liqnor, and 
■ nail' , a partakar, from nyC-o, to aaa, Lax. Rnn. 

LAUOH, Lauoht, «. 1. Law. 

Thia word oeeua in an old and cniiona a pa cim an of 
8. and Lat. Tana oo^joinad : 

Xloh nrrls richt down ful : ngnum qum rexU tnvjK 
Ihaala li mada now thrall : tpimMni^uamdieùmti 


Bot til Cbfist wa call agriflniM aat amiiMfHC 

Pordaa, Seottebron. iL 474. 

Waltra Slawait of Seotfaad 
1^ in fandU «ai to tha King. 

JMaar, zfH. 119, M& 

''■vaiy land hM Its lane*;" S. Pror., Rndd., ia., 
partioolar law or onatom. 

Thia ia avra ampbatically a ap oMad ; " Dka land 
hM ita ata lancA." Antiqaary, it. ttl. 

>• PrÌTÌlefle. 

Brva only bapnyd him to ala 

That ta laat MnapA wart bowndya twa ; 

Of thatjirfwafy aiyMaara 

• VSvwW ^^BBtt ^^B aaW mHHWi» 

ITynlown, ^ It. SI 

A.-8. laA, Imo, IsL Isay, 8ii.-0< lag, lagA, O. Dan. 
isgnr, Gann. hgt^ id. v. tha v. 

To Lauob, v.a. To pogsess or enjoy accord- 
nurto law. 

Ill ladk laifii in land to foacè ^ahat tham Mf ia. 

Anv. rwf.,Slika»K 

uya fidryi laadia of barytaga 
Fall tU hym bt elars lynaga. 
And laad^ tola bafor aD othtrt. 

Sa.-G. latsgg-ki aigniflM to ooranant, to agrM; Garm. 
Itg-aa, to oonatttnta, to ocdain. Bat naithar of thoM 
ia naad prsciaaly in tha aaoM of this a. Soma viaw tha 
Garm. v. m tha origin of lage, law. Ihra darivM Sn.-G. 
log from lacgg^NO, ponara, in tha aama mannar M Garm. 
geielis, a law, ia formsd from aeCsM, ooUooara. 

Lauohfctl, (tdj^ Lawful. 


ITyalMM, ▼. 1% IIM. 

To LAUCH (gutt), V. n. To laugh, S.; 
part. pr. lauehand^ lauchin'. Fret. bucA, 
part pa. feticAm, Clydes. 

Laugh, a. A laugh, S. 

Lauchbb, i. A laugher, S. 

LAUCHT, pret. Took. Y. Lauoht. 

LAUCHT, [adj. Low, low set, small.] 

Ha raid apoa a UtiU palAray 

LaMefU and joly, arayaad 

His batain, with aa as in hand. 

BM0Mr, xiL 19, H&L 

[Dr. Jamiaaonlaft thia word nndafinad. Hianota,in 
which ha ang^^aatad a maaning, hM baan dalatad, and 
tha punetuation of tha pMsaga altarad, baeaoM thay 
wara mislaading. A oompariaon of tha difiarant Bdits. 
oonflrma tha maaning now givan ; baaidaa, kutgk^ low 
ia a oommon form. 


Himselfe rada on a grsy palfray 

" ., Ac 

Skaat*a Ed. 

Propar and loly, kc, Aa. 

Ha raid apoa ana gfrlsT palfray 
liiUl and loly, ko., ke.] 

LAUCHT ANE, adj. Of, or belonging to, 
cloth ; [prob. woollen or light-colourecL Y . 
next word.] 

A laadUona maatal than him by, 
Uand apoa tha bad, ha saw ; 
And wsth his toth ba gan il draw 
Oat oar tha fjrr. 

Bmbamt, lis. m; ME 

[Dn. lalen, cloth ; in' Chaocar'a Sir ThopM callad 
Hoik a/ loifce ; Isl. Ial»fi, a bad-shMl] 

Mr. Pink. Isstm this for azpUnation. Mr. Silts, on 
this paassga, inqnirw "if it oa XoiiMJaa, tha plsM 
whara it wm maanfaotnrad, or whara such mantlM 
wara nanally worn?" Spao. K P. L 242. It on* 
donbtadly aignifiM a mantfa of cloth ; parhapa wooUan 
eloth ia immadiataly maant. V. Lak, s. I. 

LAUCHTANE, od;. Pale, livid. 

My mbia chaiks, wm riid m rona, 
Ar laya, and laMcAlsas m tba laid. 

Ifaitfowrf Fomt, pi IML 

I can form no idM of ita origin, nnlsH it ba a cor- 
nption of loMoan, q. v. 

LAUGHTER, t. A lock, flake, tuft. V. 

[Lauchterins, n. Tlie small quantities left 
after the removal of a body or mass of any- 
thing, particularly of dung; as, **See it 
ye rue the lauehterint clean up.** Banffs.] 




IiAUDE» «. Sentenoe, deduoii, jadgmeiit. 

^SlHÌd Wod, *e.» aad an Ttteb httlMid iateM fai 
ipteiCMt to h&n and m th* daerato^ 
M ol forCaltoor mrm in our aonenuM 
," «0. Aflti llinir. 1548i Bd. 1814^ 

^awliBi^ iMHÌf ft dMNto of tùMtUmn, alkfi^ 
M» tvfoi k pRHMoaml^'' fte. Ibid., p. 417. 

^^TM ft illuyM of thum to ba rwtorit,---M thAÌ^ 
lawbifor Ifaa javing ol tha laid ìtuuU and doma of 

^ BL Xwif nas aitoalia ailiitri. Baz Angliaa die- 

(p tfbitwMiu n) at loacio anb oarta obligsitioiia aa 

xnfat. JL iwfj iwnni unmio ann tnot cuiOb 

ft pfonantiatiom aiva. Chart. A. 1345. 
arintrari, arbitni aantantiam pro- 

I aaa liandator, ariiitar. Dv-Oufa. Lamdrnm m 

hf Karaaj or Phillip^ '*in anciant daada, a 

datarniination, or award of an arbit- 


to hava laoaiTad thia oUiqaa 

la tka daik agai^ In oonaaqnanca of tha lagal aaè of tha 

Igr BaiMn writara m ragud to tha ettatiott of a 

LithiaaanaattiawMbyPhuitaa. Thia may 

i tha laaion why it nropariy danotaa tha daad 

of am mUttr^ lathar tfa«i ol an ordinary jndga ; an 

aa it wava oallad or died, by ona or 

JjAJJDIè, adj. Of or belonging to laymen. 
Y. Lawit. 

IaAUDEBY, «• Periiaps drinkini^ or re- 

Aa gndwrf atfd. I nid yaw lat thun ly, 
Ihay had lafw Hdn, aor ba in laudtnL 

Amftar* JiMUUtud Jlmnj- pi 76u 

A.-& ilarfloab to drinkt to poor ont; or Balg. 

[ULUENDEB, «. A laondreas. V^Latn- 

ULUOHtt. Law. Y. Laugh. 

^AtJOHt 9. A lake, Selkirks. Y. Loch. 

I«AUOHT, Laucbt, pnL and part. pa. 
Took; tdkottt caught. 

Iiyffttal taMl^ and part, bat 

^frattaat^'iz. 1M4, Ha 

IWI tal^ kdto at that laid thair laris has AiM^AI. 

€fmmm md OoL, ÌL 1% 
Lau lakaa lavfo ol 

p a faacg a w t lyprahandara ; prat 

adit ; part. gmaehL It aomatunaa 

to aoiia with ardour, which ia tha propar 

«rthaA.«a^ *^ *^^ 

thair laaea. that iMiyt M light ; 
lid. with aaa itana icluart. 


Ou wm mmd OoL, ÌL tt 
Lmt§M md ia alao vaad to daaoto tha drawing ont of 

Ttol to^ fta thafe UonUa hMair and bana^ 

flifna laaaM aaCaaaadia lai^and 


(XAUOHTy •. A loft; the ceUing, Ayrs^ 

which ia 
•laa ia Daronahiza.] 

in tha Waat of & ia 

LAUIT-MAN| •• A lajmao, one not in 
clerical orders. 

•«Tha aaid olBciall oonndaring that thaaaid Harto 
had na oomminioim to mak aio nraachinc^ hot [waa] 
an lauii awa , r aqnirad him, of qnhaia anthcìnti^ 
aaha gaif him oommiaaionn to praaoh, ha bain^ ana 
undi mtm, and thaQoania rabald, and azoomnranicataL 
aad waa npaUad forth of nthar partia for tha aaia 
aaaaia." Kaith'a Hiat., App. p. 90. V. Lawr. 

[LAUNCEyt. A jompi leap, spring, Barbour, 
z. 414. Y. Lans.] 

*To LAUBEATE, v. a. To confer a fiteraty 

degree ; [part. pa. laur^ai^ crowned, Lyno- 

say, Dreme, 1. 990.] 

•' Aftar Dr. BoUocfc had faaraal tha llrat daaaa, ha 
batook hinuMlf to tha gineral inmaotion of tha co]la«b 
nndar tha titia oi principal! and raotor." Granfora'a 
Hiat Univ. Edin., p. 45. 

To Laubbatb, V. fi. To take a degree in any 
faculty, S. 

"It ia cartoin that hnnreaied waa originally appliad 
to thoaa who took thaird^graaa in Scotland." Bowar*a 
mat UniT. Kdin., i. 42. 

Tha aathor thinka that tha phraaaology ori^pnatad 
"from tha laaral which, from tha aarliaat antiquity, 
ionaad tha ohaplat of tha vieton in tha gamaa." 

Laubbation, a. The act of conferring de- 
grees, or the reception of them; graduation. 

'* At tha ¥aiy tima when BoUock had giTon tha moat 
anbatontial prooCi of hia ability in inatmcting tha yonth 
at 81 Andrawa, in conaaqiianoa of tha ramarkabla pro-' 
grma of hia papili, and tna mtUio applaoaa which ha 
raaaÌTad at tnair laareoticMi, tha patrona of tha nnÌTar- 
aito of Bdinbnish wara anTÌonaly looking for aparaon 
^kiadaacription." Bowar'a Hiat. Unir.lBdin., i. 7». 

[LAnBENCE-MAS,«. August 23rdyShetl.] 
LAUBEBE,#. Thehiurel.* 

^BoÌB, ngiatar, palma, laarari^ aad f^orr. 

JDaaf. " 
Wr. Awricr. 


LAUBEW, #. Laurel. 

^"Ha wald not rmmva tha oroonof loarew, to hava 
tha aamin dafotmit with tha pnblick dotonra. " Bidloid. 
T. Ut., p. 181. Xcnnneaai, Lat. 

LAUS, 9. 

Ana hafaaa wt to ilk achalld, tikar of 
With ial fa«« on loft, lamaad fliU lifl^t " 

Aman nail ML, iL 14. 

Mr. Pink, inqoirm if thia ba hmt, firm ? Lana may 
indaad ba alliad to 8n.-0. Uus, laL &»•, lisht. M 
Ibm woald thoa mean great q»landoar. tìat/el may ba 
haia naad in tha aanaa of many; and Uau may refer to 
tha oreat of tha helmet { q. many haira on loft, i.a., a 
bnahy and lofty creat; from Dan. /a, fav, haix; 8v.-0. 
U, mgfft roo^ hainr. Lmag and Ut/ denote the hair 
that growa on tha foraheada of hocMa. According to 

thia Tiaw, Umtmd ia not immediately connected with 
iaai^ bat ia a farther deecription of tha helmet itaelf. 

[LAUTE, Lawte, $. Loyalty, fealty, fidel- 
ity, Badbour, v. 162, i. 125 ; true word of 
honour, ibid., zii. 318, Skeaf s Ed. O. Fr. 
boMfi^id. Y.Lawta.] 




liAimvuUi tuff. I^T^lf faithful, dutif uL 

•^Aito tht pknM tnd dietioim Mrof, gaid it wi 
toNMMiUr. ikathApbuMMul MmpOltnwth of «11 
1 faqvoM <m]j anuuigw Um {(Mte/ii// ud faithfull 


■Ih^ famiiÌMV and wi onrina nor affaotal 
* N. Wmyot'a Foonooir Thra Qa«ttioni% 

LAYATUByf. ATesaeltowmahin^alayer. 

aa «7% olam abaO ailt for tha laaKUar.** 

1^ id. Ik B. lawaior-imm, tha nama gÌTon 

in iHuoh monka waahad thair handa bo* 

to tha rafaoljottj, or offioiatuig priaati bafora 

di^ " 


lave; «. Tito remaiiidor. Y. Lafs. 
LAYELLAN,«. A Idnd of weasel, Oaithiu 

•« fir Bohart fibhald maelfona an animal, whioh ho 
aara k aoannon im Cblthnaa^ oallad thara kneUtm : bj 
hia daaeripttoi it aaana to bdoBg to thia ganoa. A 
am* it livaa ia tha vatar, haa tha haad of tha waaaaU 
ihiaa that oraatora in colour ; and that ita 
ia pr^adiflial to oatUo. Sibb. Hiat. Soot, iL" 
^a saoL. i. 88. 
Hakttvwntaralaawharaaaji: *'I i 

tfU h aa ftaa» whioh, from ^aacriptioiC I aoapaot 
to ba fkm watar<ahrair-mooao. Tha ooontry paopla 
a aalio a that it ia noxioaa to cattla ; thay pra- 
tha akin, and, aa a oora lor thair aiok baatta, giva 
tha vatar in whioh ithaa baandipt. 1 beUoTa 
it to ba tha aama animal whioh in Sntharland ia callad 
thawatarmola," Tony in a. 1788, p. 194. 

LAYE-LUOOir, adj. Htmng the ears 

hanging down^ Boxb ; {lame'4uffgedf ShetL] 
a&lao; *«thatazlandaorcomont;"Owan. 

M— lama d oooora in HaU'a Satiraa, u.X p. 28. 
**Tha laaa-aand aaaa with gold may trappad ba.^ 

LAYENDAB, $. A laundress. <<The 
Ebaifs ioHmiaar;^ Treasurei^B Accts. Y. 

L BL frnpidif itu lotrig, XoawMlar-iiy^ faQo; Da 


«HMa Iflf 8dhir GaiaraB," qaod Qaynor, 

wlthflntm ■mj rili, 
Al Iha kndlik Old Iha Ufuarfro faver to Uyia, 

Ar Anmm and Air (tat, iL V. 
to waat?** Pink. A-S. ÌMftr^ aignifiaa a 
\ tmSL kur^ looQa ineoltua at raeaiia. Thia, 
ptar, aaaam to hoTo baan a proT. phraaai tha aanaa 
sfwhiohia tr- r- 

LAYEBOCK, Lavbrok, Lavbock, Laub- 
BOK, 9. The lark, S. The word is often 
pmu q. hrritf laHek Lancash. Uarock. 

««Tka Jantro* maid malody Tp hia in tha akyia." 
OomnLA., pi 88. 

*Mhmd% a iaowo d fe." Waddarbnra'a Vocab.. p. 18. 

Thara ia an old traditionary adago^ iUuatratÌTa of 
thÌB tann, wlueh oontaiaa good oonnaaL "In order to 
bo ha^th/. fUf to bod wi'tho ban, and riaa wi* tha 
lBMm^'*& Y.Ltrr.t. 

A-& l^lmtf Immre^ Balg. iaweriet, Itemwtrik^ Alam. 

Mma af thia bird appaara in ita moat aimpla 
is U. IsiiL Tnlco lo^KL or laas .* aria, ahukb i 

O. Andr., p. 182. MdaSaamnnd. Waeh- 
tar dariraa A^ ^/tree, Balg. loiPiridL Ao., from Calt. 
ii^t vox, and Ofil-Oi valar^ q. powarf ul in 

LAVBROOK-mBca, 4»dj. As high as the lark 
whensoaring; apparently aprovei " ~ ' 

Ia Fm* ia a atifag AaMtfufrodi kick Uaf , 

TUl Us baatf ba waal piek'd by tha orows a\ 
•UFtaa,K. ii. &o<r« FoMU, IBU, pi 1801 

Latbrooc's LiNTy t. Pargtng-flaX| an herb, 
Linom Oatharticom, Linn. ; Lanarks. 

[LAYIE-LUOGED, adj. The drooping of 
an animars ear, when improperly cnt in 
marking^ Shetl. ' Y. Layb-Luqoit.] 

L AYY, s. The foc^ish guillemot, a bird ; 
colymbos troile^ Linn. 

"Tha La»y. aooallad by tha inhabitantaof St Kikla, . 
by tha Waloh gmUema, it oomaa naar to tho bignaaa of 
adook." Blartin'a St. KiUa, p. 88. 

U. Norw. Um9èe, kmghk^ id. Faanant'a Zool., 
p. 618. 

[L AYY, adj. Lavish, liberal ; as, ** He was 
aye faoy o' his siller,^ Clydes.] 

LAYYBD, «. 1. Lord;,Cumb. /iM>rd. Y. 

2« Applied, in this sense, to the Supreme Being. 

Thna Wyntown, whan oalabrating tha Tirtoaa of 
David L, tha graat faroarita of tha Roman danpTf 
makaa a ouriooa alioaion to tha fiiat worda of Ptaun 
ISS^ aoggaafead by tha idanttty of tha name : 

Twaaty aad nyaa yheia he wee. 

Thyak, Xaayni, oa Dawy aad aye my ld aee e. 

CkrwLf Til. 7. 88. 

LAW, Lawoh, adj. Low, low-lying. 

King Edauaidia man he wae raoni of Tnaiand, 
Off lyoht low byith, aappoei he tak oa aand. 

Woflaot, It. 184, Ma 

^*'Tha lord Oliphant for tha law land of tha achir* 
lafdaaea of Partii, Strathabrame^ aad the biachoprik 
of Donkaldan. Tim lord Gray, tha lord Olammya, tha 
Ifaiattfof Oranforda for Angnm hia land and law land." 
Acta Ja. IV., 1488, Bd. 1814» p. 908. 

TliÌBolmoiialy pointaoat tha origin of tha term Low- 
lomlie or XoMÌcuMUt. 

Sa.-0. lag. Id. lag^, Dan. laa, Balg. laeg, leeg, id. 
Moaa.-0. Ilg-an, Sn.-0. Ugg-au, to lia, ia yiawad by 

Law, f. Low ground, the low part of the 

Sehyr Amerya rowta he law, 

That held tha plaaa ay, and the law. 

Aw«o«r, It 61S» Ma 

To Law, Lawb, v. o. To bring down, to 
humble ; part pa. lawit. 

rdie mrc 
>beit wee on oycht 

^^^^ahea the kiac flduturdle mrcht 

Bar«^, zUL 868, Ma 

Wee lawii, king 

Thoa maUe fiba wicht, aad thoa laweti hie. 

Doug. Virga, 98. 58. 
Hot now the woid of God ftill weill I knew ; 
<|aha dole eaalt him eelf , God tel him Iom 

LgmUa^t Warki§, 1698, p. SSa 

Tbnt I mgk e n, damittartb doprinmra ; Kilian. 




L4Wy Lawx, mdw. [1. Low ; lowIjr» in a low 

▼ofeib BwImhuv it. SOO.] 
t« Downward^ to the bottom, below; generall/ 

f)roabM«k to bMb, thai kSptTuT^ 

Ikal tUi ii tte MMt^ appMiB from ti. 81. 

Aad llMNvlfli kMl I dipMi mya tfs agtyiM. 
tt li MMtlnMS wiiltaB M 0Q« wovd. 

Aad bf tidi ilkt rvMr tyda a Ibwil 

Md., T. & 

it «ftaa ooom m thia oomitrioB, where òeii now 

■ds as ammttikg for àawtfifc, oA«U for bekmd, 

[09h||» omI ÌM^ wUlj and to the bottom, Barbour, 

[8. Sjf4 €md ìaw^ high and low, altogether, 
«▼«17 oofl^ ibid. ir. 594. 

4. JSbjf na law, neither high nor low, not one, 
none of any aorty ibid iii« 556.] 

liAWLT, adj. Lowly, hnmble. 

' Aad lUa Ìamìif and wa/uk attbaniuioiiii in the con- 
wHk eoaaaat to naana the aaid diadplino & 
la aoa part of aaHrfartioon, qnhilk ia the 
aa to eaaa to the laeranient of Pennance aa 
kafoanbffaif Abp. Hanultonn'a Catorhiame, FoL 

LAW, t. 1. A designation given to many 
hiUi or monnta, whether natiural or arti- 
ficial, S. £0^ A. Bor. Bay. 

**Ito BMaa la dariTod from the old Celtie word Dkn, 
a kill s Ha original aito haTÌng been on the top of a 
awat baaslifanittla hill, which ia called DonaeXaw." 
F. Duaa^ Barwioka. Staliat. Aco., iv. 378. 

Thia aught be Tiawedaa the aame with 2o^ '*alittle 
~ hi](or agTMt heap of atooea,'* A. Bor. V. Gl. 

A.-& Ua o M, Uawe, ^BS^j aoerma, cnmoloa, tn- 
Mla% **a law. low, loo^ or hifih groond, not anddenly 
liaÌBg «p aa a hill, bst by littte and little.— Hence- 
thai aaaMah^wi to' auuiyhillocka and heapaof earth 
to ha foaBcTln aQ parto of En^^d : bein^^ no other 
hsi ao aradi ooogeated earth broaght, and in a way of 
harial need of tM aadenta, thrown upon the bodiea of 
Sooner In to. He refon to Dagdale^t 
of Warwichahira. 
Aoeoiduw to tibia aoooont, it might be annpoaed that 
na Ead been primarily given to tne artificial 
raiaed above the dead, and aftorwarda trana- 
to thoaa that were natnraL For it ia on- 
^aaationabla, that in S. thia designation ia given to 
■avanl hlBa of tho latter deacription ; aa Largo^law, in 
Kfo^ iTortiUBerwidb-lBw, ia Lothian, Ac It might be 
oa^ieelBfed, that the reaaon of thia transition was, that 
after o«r an ceatota oeaaed to bnry their dead under 
aaeb immmH^ tho plaoca were atill viewed aa in some 
BMaaora aaarad i that thev therefore assembled there 
la tha ooBventmna which were held in particular 
dialrieto ; and at length, in S. at.leaat, gave this name 
to aU thoaa riaiag g^mnd^ on which they osed to meet 
inr anarting latM^ or regnlating matters of general 

It iraat bo admitted, however, that the invariable 
Oi^ography of the A.-8. term opposes this snpposition ; 
aa It aover asaomea the fonn of lag, iagt, or logo, the 
worda which denote a taw, aa corresponding to Let. 
ian. Bat two dmamatanoea deserve to be mentioned, . 

whidi rsnder it donbtfiil whether the term, aa need ia 
8., ia radically the aame with A.-S. hlawt. Tbe first 
fab that anoh a moont ia often called the LauhhUl of 
aaoh a jplace. The other that a corrsspondent word 
oaaoia la laL, ovideatly formed from tag, taug, heg, 
las. The aame of lama-berg^ i.e., the rook of law. ia 
given to maay hilla ia Iceland. Tkeir Fridrtkr Biakup 
oe HUtrvaUdr foro iU tkingB, oe bad Bitkop TkorvaUÌ 
tdiatruffrtr mAuim ai Lbgbergi : Profectia ad comitia 
naiveraidia Epiacopo Fridenoo et Thorvalldo^ ille huno 
rogavit, at ae praeaente in Lcgbergo (rape, in qua joa 
di^bi^) leU^onem christii^un poin^^ ; 

Kriataiaag., a 4. All their public and judicial assem* 
bliea were, and, if I mistoke not, still are, held at these 
òsiyt. Had., p. 89—91. Laug-berg, locus publicua 
abi jndicia peraguntnr ; Verel. lad. 

It baa been aaid ; "The word law, aaaexed to tho 
aame of ao maay plaoea ia the pazish [Coldstream] 
atteata, that it had belonffed to the kingdom of Nor- 
tiiamberiaad duziag the Ueptarchv ; aa Hirsel-few, 
Ca8tle4aa9, Spy4ai0, Caiter4ai9, Ac. P. Coldstream, 
Berwicka. Statist Aoc, iv. 420. 

Bat thia of itaslf oaaaot prove that the parish waa 
ander the domiaicn of the Aoglo-Sazons ; as the same 
deai^^iatioa ia foood ia maay parts of S. where we are 
eartaia that thmr Jariadictioa aever extended. 

2. In one passage, lawe seems to signify the 
tomb, grave, or mound. 

There come a lede of the lawe, in londe is not to layne. 
And i^ides to Bchir Oawayne, the gmtei to gavne ; 
Yaaland, and yomeraod, with many loude yellea. 

air Oawan and Xr OaL, I 7. 

ia. aa inhabitant of the tomb. It ia the description 
of " a grisly ghost,** that appeared to Queen Quaynor 
and Sir Gawan. 

To what haa been formerly observed, I may add, 
that Moea.-0. kiaiw, aignifies monumentum. (kmgith 
. tku thamma hlaiwa; He cometh to the tomb, Job. 11. 

It moat be obeerved, however, that when Ulphilaa 
usee hiiaw for rendering the Or. word denoting a monu- 
ment, he must be viewed aa using it because the Goth, 
lan^age had no other term for a monument but that 
which properiy aignified a mound. 

To LAW, r. a. 1. To litigate, to subject to 
legal investigation and determination, S. 

2. Transferred to the legal defender ; as, ** Tm 
resolved Til law him welfor'tl* '^ will take 
eveiy advantage that law can give in this 
business,'' S. 

LAW, «. The remainder. V. Lafe. 

LAWAINE, $. The eve of All-hallows. 

Wide, wide abroad wers spread its leafy brancbet— 
But the topmost bough is lowly laid 1 
Thou hast lOTsakea us before Lawaine,* 

Cormuteh of Sir Lauektan, Chùf qf Madean, Lady o/ 

CAe loii, Notes IziL 

* Halloween. 

Thia doea not appear to be a GaeL or Ir. word, but 
merely a poetical abbreviation of the deaignation need 
ia the low oouatry. 

LAWAR, La WARE, Lawer, «. A laver, or 
vessel to wash in. 

•* Baaua with ktwar ;** AbenL Reg., A. 1538, V. 16. 

'*In the first, ane basing and ane latcart of gold, 
with thrisatUia and lilleis round about the samyne.** 
Inventories, A. 11)42, p. 110. 



LAW-BIDAND, Law-bidino, ooii. pr. 1. 
Wattiiig the regalar oonne of Iaw» as op- 
posed to flight ; a forensic tenn. 

**QU ths TMMll is fagitivs for ilsiiohtsr, sad aol 
iw i h U o MÌf ths wiptriour nsy r>oogiio«oa thm land hsl» 
dm of hHiiòolfi^ m Isag as Um ftioa or msnaUyw hap- 
MdsftoliM.'' Bkmm à» Vmb. SiffL yn. MeeogmiUoSL 

>• ^ Able to answer a charge or accosation ;** 
OL Gathrie. 

**Ths aool ii pusMd for nflt mora or kaa, aad io 
aol ì a mk U k^; Chrial Jeaoa la tha dtr of rafaga» and 
tho Ugh-priail th&n, dwnng whoaa lifatima^ and thai 
ia, for 9fm, tho poor man who wins hithor, ia aafo." 
Ovihfk's Mai, ^S. 

LAW-BOASD, 9. The boaid on which a 
tailor irons las doth, S.; lay-iutrt^ Banffs. 

•«Jook, slitlU hnmp-haehod cwatnip, bmght tho 
aooao hahiad hiai, beariag tho lam-board ovor hia 
ahoiddar.*' 8ir A. WyUa^T 51. 

LAW-BOBBOIS, Law-borrows, «. o^ The 
legal secnritj which one man is obliged to 
give, that be will not do anj inioij to 
another in his person or property, 8. 

fHna sladicvoea sooooBt of tho origin of 

" Whan an olh« thoyi iMlad ao ondaatly, raooona 
was had to a writ, which a aiaa who aoapaeta another 
•f ill àimgom towarda hÌBi» may aanro him with ; and 
it WIS oaDod X qw òa r rpiM A i^ aa moat aaad in ftorroagiU." 
Hkl. of Hia own Tim% xL laS. 

*«Oif oay man ba faidil aad allagia foid, or dmd of 
ooj pofftiob tho aohiraf Ball forthwith of baithtakfaw- 
èmròii, and forbid thamo in tho Kingia nama to tmbiU 
tho Kkgia Max. TBd« tho pane of Law." Acti» Ja. 
IL, 148f,o.tsrEdit. lM6b oaUed ^'Borrowiaof paax," 
is nmoBL litf^ 0. lA 

•*thoaotioBof oontraToatioa of Ifn06ory«teo ia like- 
•aaL It p r ooeed a on letten of hwborrowt, ob- 
aft thoaait of him who iadiatorbed in hia perMa 
or gooda bj another, and oootatning a warrant to ehitfge 
tho par^ oomjplainod of to gÌTO aeeiirity, that the 
ooBmlaiaorahaUbo kept harmlew fromiUegalTioleBOO.'' 
biBao's last. B. 4.%t. 1. a. 16. ^^ 

««Tho impoit of h mbo n vm ia Scothad ii^ whea 
two aaii^bMn are at Tanaaoe^ the one proenica from 
Ibo ooaaoil, or aa j ooa^oteat oonit, letten charging 
tho other to fl ad oaatioaaad aaraty, that the complainer, 
his wili^ bainab Ac, ihall be akaithlem from the perwm 
oosBBlaiaod apoa, hia wile baifoa, Ac, ia their body, 
laada, h a ri t ag ei^ Ac, aad Wfora aaeh letten can be 
mated, tho ooatplaiaer auiat giro hia oath expramly, 
flml ho dnada bodily harm. troaUe, and molmtation, 
from tho pacsoa oomplaiaed apoa." Wodrow'a Hiat, 

It is frma lawaad fterfl or òerrMib a pledge^ aaaraty, 

Md ia pL y. BoBOB. 

LAWCH,aif;. Low, S. Ai^A V. Law. 

Aad hi a lycht fryr pliceb that wai 
* V][ a boame^ ae SMt thaim ta 

r, idf. m, MS. 

To LAWE; V. a. To lower. Y. Law, v. 
LAWEBy s. A professor of law. 

** That the lower aad mathematJciaae of befoir ia tho 
aow anXUfje aaU aow be ia Sanotmloatonria oollese, aad 
haao thair atipeadia aad bnirdia Tpoone the fraictti 
thaiiot'* Aota Ja. VL, 107^ Sd. 1814, p. 180. 

n>I. UL 

LA WEB, s. A washing vesseL V. Lawar. 

LAW-FREE, o4f. Not legaUj convicted or 

*'Tho earl anawerad, ho woald prefer him to hia 
good-brother Frendranght ; bat to ooit him who had 
married hia aiater, ao long aa he waa law-frte^ ho ooald 

y. Lauch, 

aot with hia hoaonr.** SpakUag, i. 17. 

LA WIN, s. Atayem 
s. 1. 

LAWtK-ntEE, adj. Scot-free, excluded from 
paying anjr share of a tavem-btll, S. 

flbe took me la, ihe let me down, 
flhe heeht to keep me lawt»->^ ; 

Bat wylie eariia that ihe was. 
She gut mablri my bawbee 

Sbn^, Amdro wC kS$ Oidiif Owl 

Tm BO for lettlBg ye, ye tee, 
(Aa I warn ikh) gang lawmiWa 

Poms, MÌSLaoùA aad taUa^^in. 

V. Lauob, a. L 

LA WIT, Lawd, Lawtd, Lrwit, adf. 1. 
Laj, belonging to laymen. 

Hum ordaayd wet alt, that the Kyng, 
Na oa lawfd Ritrowne, be ttaff aa lyng, 
Sold nak nm thiat coUatyownti 

Wpnlowa, vtL A llOl 

The Archebjiehape ofThor k 

iiioylyd thea 
Alytawndyr our Kyng. aad hit Uaad mta. 
Bot the Bytchapjt and tho oleigy 

Tbit he Idt ia cwiyng ly* 

Wyataam^ YÌL t. ISO. 

Hie lowil foUnt thit law wald atver cdt, 
But with thair oat, quhea Blihopt war to chtit, 
Unto the kirk thar ndrtd, aold aad yiag, 
With meik bait, (uiong aad pnying^ 

FriafUofPitiM, & P. A,L IA 

*' Ordaaia that oar ooaerain lordia lettras be writtia 
ehai)seÌBg the aaid Jamea Straithanehin to haoe aa dale 
aor mtrometting witht tho aaid benefice of Culter io 
hartiag of toiMfe patroaage A the aoiaertale god of the 
rtalme.** Act. Doai. Coea, A 1480, p. 123. 

2. Unlearned, ignorant. 

Of an the rtalme, qohom of yt bdr the eroaa. 
Of lawii. aad leirit ; liehe. port ; ap aad dooa ; 
The qiihilk, and thay be tiane with man't [manait] hand 
Ana ooont thairof ye tall gif I wairaad. 

PfiMU^PMii, p. 291 

I tay not thit of Chaooert for offence. 
Bot till ezeute my UwU intnflidfmfle. 

Doag, Fitya, lOpSL 

A-S. Uuwed€t Uwd, id. faeioMÌe-maa, a layaaaa ; 0. B. 

And they meet ia her mirth, whan minttrtlt ban ttyll, 
Thaa ttfkth they of the triaitie a tale or twaine. 

P. Pkmfkmaa'9 FMoa, PoL M, a. 

Tho hiatory of thia tena ailbrda, at the aame time^ 
a nagolar proof of the progrmtÌTo chaage of langoage, 
aad 3t the mflnenoe of any powerful body on the gene* 
nl aentimente of aodety. By Bede^ Aelnio, and other 
A.-S. writert, it ia aaed ia ita primitÌTO aenee. Thia 
meaning it retained ao late aa the reign of Edw. IIL, 
when 2. do Langland wrote hia Ktmoa «f Pienthe 
Plouahmaa, But at, in the dark agee, tho little learn- 
ing that reaiaÌBed waa ooofined almoet entirely to the 
dergy; while the deeignation, by which they were 
known, came to denote leaminff m general, tae die* 
tinctÌTe term kwd waa conaidered aa including the idea 
of ignorance. It did not atop here, howerer. Hie 
dencal infinenoe atill praTsilmg, and tho olacgy oon« 





M if HWnl O06Ì1hM9 hid 

_ coiilliiiwl to 

HwifftwioHiribyiad by, tfa« Ivm ohm to lignify 
• wkfcod pMW,or OBooI alkintioM Ufa. Honoib 

M MDtea MOM of B. leiMl. 

IW 1.-4. void moT hoTO boto foroMd Ikom Lot. 

bo trootd to Gr. Xm-rn, popolot. 
H U. Ui^ AIml li^. It M«no aoobtfol, bowoTor, 




iMMdt bo not ndiooUy tbo MBO with iMck 
MfoÌH^ Mm, U. fid 0«nii. Imlc V. Spolnuui, to. 
liwiifc 1b n. tho phraM, fa ioif 0cm zoMmblM tho 

UlawU; lo potti pooplo ; Diet Tiot 

LAWIiAND,-Laulahd, adj. Belonging to 
iho km coantrj of Soodand, S. 

"^Ikrt ligiK Witt tho boDdioo [bouida] 4 tho Joo- 
tbo thdio4 «t ft hold tho JootiM OM thoraf in Forth, 
' M tho Ungio gnMO plom, M that ooirilk hdMid 
4 Ibwlirf maiio moy oom 4 aik k hwro Jootioo." 

» ttoJttd NgiaMoti ;— tho othM flvo hMÌaiMÌ 
** Aoli Gho. L, Bd. 1814. Ti. MS. 

liàMLàWimJiAinjuxs,s.pL 1. Theulainooim- 
tij of 8ootliind» as distingnÌBhea from the 
Highlandii; pron, Ja/faw f > 

S. Tlie- language of the low oonntiy, as op- 
posed to tlieEne or Oaelic, S. 

IaAwkIE^ «• A designatioii for the fox, 3. 

LAW SONDA Y. Y. Leif Soundat. 

LAWLT^o^f. Lowlj. Y.luLw^adj. 


LAWTA, Lawtb, Lawtt, LAwnrHy t. 1. 
Lojaltjy allegianoe. V. Lautb. 

Hmm WallMt mUL Wm y* h 
lonyff Ua fto oU thiae UMt 
Bo M win MB tad milt ht ] 
fto thk tTM Iteth tapo fawte tiU ov eran f 

aTflibai, via. u. Ma 

Aid. ^ 1281, M& O.B.Imii^, 

^ ■M Md lowMi Md Iwt^y ti^gythi 

P. Ftmighmm'a FMm, VU. 18, a. 

Tniifa, integrityt equity. 

Bat ha pt thai AiiA«bjwhapiylL 
BooahOnrth loiftt bot wjtht twyfc. 

Wpnimm^jVL & 88. 

«— Bo fahar aow Srith BM faifltf ii ftmd. 

Dm^ Fifap^ Ul IT. 

X«i^ wID Mf w at tha kit, 
Ar Inr far ftlNtt may new lead. 

JbMMri^ i>)DMMb |k m. It. 1. 

hMlawMA Bor ihaaM, 
tht hab hoBM ia a ■taer, 

Bmamy^a Potm§^ VL VL 

fki hiBBiiL I^yot^* iidoli^, troth ; O. fV. fawM; id. 
liAWTiriiLLt adj. Most lojral, fall of loyalty. 

. — **ABdonowÌBgthoBMandoBoiìaaaaof thamo, in 
thair loparÌBg and abyding with hia If aimtio, to hana 
aoao tho dowtio of Buiat loTÌBg and faatf MiH Mbiaotia 
to thair aaBmBMhnd." AelaJa. VL, 1884, Bd. 1814, 
f^ tP, PoaamwÌBg tha Biid of Bathvoo. V.LawTa^Ao. 

LAWTH, Bar. xiiL 691. Leg. hweh. 

Aad it that wadra lowdl wm ar. 
Mob lept oa loft Ib tba ooatrar. 
XomeA aeanu to vgai^T lom. V. Lawob. 

LAWTINO, «. The sapreme ooort of judi- 
cature in Orkney and Shetland, in ancient 
times, y. Thing. 

LAX, i. ^ Belief, lelease.** 

O whanfore shoold I tell my gifaf^ 

Sinoo fax I caana Sod f 
Fm far frM a' bit kin and fHaado, 

And my Io?a I left behind. 

BMuiy Boòy Limngiitm, Jamieton'9 F^ BaH, il 189. 

L. B. fax-o, doBOtM a gift ; DonaftMSh Hgotam ; Da 
Caaga. Tha S. term may bo iaunadiataly from Lot. 
fax-iM, looaed, laleaaad. Bat Goth. Iomi^ Sa.-G. Iom, 
id., aeama to bo tho root. 

L AXy i» A salmon ; f ormeriy the only name 
by which this fish was known, Aberd. 

"Ib tho aodoBBO parMwit bo Jaama of DooglM 
ahaamarlaaa of tho loraachip of Murray agaoia JaniM 
Ibbm of that ilka, for tho wraBCwia oooapadoona of 
oaro aoneraao India fiachiog of tho waiter of Spey,— 
dacrattii that tha oaid JamM mII oontant A pay to 
tha laid Janma of Dow|^ tha proÌBtia of tha aado 
fiiehÌBff of XX yana bigaao, aitanmug yareljr to izn of 
aalmoiMl laxU takio vp ba hiia, m wm oaiBaaBtly pre* 
dtbtCoiothotordia." Ael Dom. Cone., A. 1488, p. 88. 

*' Ana half barren of aalBumad or zij aaiBciant lax,** 
Ao. Aberd. Bag:, A. 1888^ V. 18. 

••Bb Mkit a* him too Soodaia hBeu," Ae. Ibid., 
v. 90. 

A marfrffo laxL a iiliiion of a midillt 



bainiM dacarBÌt him to pay ana aiMÌilill iax lor him- 
aalf." lUd. 

ThiawM iadaad tho ganaral daeignatioa of tho aahnoB 
in tha Bortham laagugM : A.-S. leoi^ O. E. lax, (V. 
Job. Btym.) Dan. 8a.-0., id. Taot. lodbj^ Balg. ias§, 
ItaL laee-ia. Tha origin of tho taim, howorar, aeama 
loat in ofaaoaiity. 

Lax-hshbb, t. A salmon-fisher, Aberd. 

*'Tha aaid day tho Pkooarator Fiaoal gara in a oom* 
it againat Gaoiga Law aad 


^-^jUken at tha Bridaaof Don, for thairBBwamBtabla 
aaismfl apon and fareaKÌag tha lyaa [Ubm] baloogÌBg to 
tha lAyta fiahara of Don." DaeiM, Baron Coort of 
FraaM&U, A. 1722. Stata^ BVaaerof Fraaaraald, Ao., 
p. 828. 

**Upon tho 11th of ICay there wm wondarfol high 
tMipeStaoaa wiada, aaarTaUoaa ia ifay, whereby aoa- 
dry penoaa died, aiid a iax'fiktr [wm] drowaed [ia] 
tha water of Dob, aad a ahip going with Tictnab to 
Dombritton likewue poriahed.*' 8paldÌQ|L i. 210. (2«) 

" He alao by direction frae tho GeoeiS Aaaembly, 
olmrged the nuatera and fax^fMcrt of Dm and Don, — 
to forbear flahing apoo Sonoay, via. frae Satorday at 
midnight till Soaday at the aame time. — ^Thie anembly 
got tome obedienM with great difieahy, for it wm 
mo^t no ain to fiah apon the Sabbath-day before. ** 

' '., p. 299, 800. 

LAY, s. Law. 

Tom pepQ twaM aall ka jt td pmm Ibr ay, 
Byad eoafrdsraaoe baith MBMoift te aae My. 

I>MV. Fi»pir44181 
Ltgm et foedeia jongerit 

CIV. lea ia need for fe< id. 

[* To LAY, V. a. To lay, set, place, fix. 
The S. language presents some peculiar 




■pplieationii and oombinations of this Terb; 

To Lat At. To box, strike, beat MTerelj ; 
aik ••He laid <rf bim till be could baily 
ttanr &] 

To Lay Bt. 1. To overdo^ to make unfit for 
work ; as, ••He has laid bimself iy wi' o*er 
mmdkle wark.** 

S. To be confined by ailment ; as, ••He'i bdd 
To Lay Dowh. To iow oat in graas, S. 

**Ilii ft pvoditfioiis •Ror to overcrop groQud^ bafora 
tagbig it Sùwm with gtMS Modo." HaxweU'k M. 

[To Lay Heart TO. To set the mind to any- 
thing eameatlyi S.] 

To Lay Ik. 1. To thnnr back into the 
state of a oommon» to put into a waste state. 

.••(Minio tiistt lU pmooM ^nh* hat tnllit» bmb- 
owiti Mwio, pwkitk Ao., ony pairt or portioan of hia 
■aiMlM oommoiiii mnrM or Ttherù oommoontaia,— 
withm jdr and day af tir tha aaid tryall fav in tha 
aaayB ooaBmoiataia agua." Acta J*. VL, 1600L Ed. 

p. To work earnestly, to strike home; as^ 
••Tnm to yonr wark noo^ and lojf m/' 

(To Lay hmx^ or Into. 1. To fight with, 

to beat severely; as^ '•They will lay tntiFt; 

sae. thickest skin stan* langest out,'' ibid. 

••llie twa kxms laid itUil ane anither, till 

, they wir a' bleeding" Banffs. 

2. To eat. much, or greedily, S.] 

[Layin LfTiL, or Into, «. 1. A fight, a 
beating; fighting, beating, ibid. 

2. A sorfeit ; eating much or greedily.] 

To Lay Ok. 1. To lain, to hail, to snow 
heavily; as, ••li^s faym' <m o' tfiow/' S. O. 

2. To strike, to give blows, S. 

*'Eor tho Lofda foimkea ar avar affaetoall, ha 
■ynteth not aaaiaat hia anamiaa, bot ha ioycU on.** 
Bkttoa'a Elavan Samooai IfiSl, Sign, a S; a. 

WMiyaddart, Hondlia, md HttnthUl, 
Tkraa, mi tliaj Urid waal at the hwt 
JUid^Mndmnn; MnuirtUgBordtr,lì2lì. 

Tàkmm winkm, ia E. Bat tha Tarb ia aaad alipti* 
asDyma. r/li^ oih I wiU atrika ; Ae fairf on tnc^ ha 
sIniokaM. It aaama nropar ly to danota repcatad btowa. 

**Qil tha maafear [of a alup] fayit on hia man, and 
Mffis oay of thama ana baffet with hia naif, or with' 
aia polBOb ha aaU pmr Tii d. Bot gif ha atrikaa him 
mair. ha that ia atraokaB may tarn and atria • agana." 
8hip Lawi% Balfonr'a Pkact., p. 027. 

It wa% howarar, anoiantly naad in E. in tha aama 
maaaar. *'I liqia ipon ooa^ I baata him or bnncha 
hy, 8ha l^filt ipoii hym lyka a maolta aacka» and 
taaDOorahqyadnritanatonaaqaytatta.'* Falagr.^B. 
F. 27^ k 

id., tatggapmtn, aliqiiam Tarhauva. 



' •■^W» 

[8. To work earnestly^ to eat mnch, ibid.] 

[LayOn,!. a good meal, a sorfeiti Clydes., 

[LaydtOm,!. L The act of beating, a beat- 
ing, ibid. 
8. Earnest working, hard work, ibid. 
3. Mnch or greedy eating, a sorfeit, ibid.] 

To Lay Till one. To allot, to ordain. 
*^Laid m her, fated that she should;** 01. 

[2. To lay till again, to resume work, to try 
again heartily, S.] 

[To Lay To. To begin, to set to woric; as, 
•• I could wait na bnger, and jist lay to^ 

[To Lay a child. A superstitioiispractice 
adopted to cure a rickety child. The child 
is taken before sunrise to a smithy, in which 
three men, bearing the same name, work. 
One of the smiths takes the child, first layinff 
it in the water-tr oug h of the smithy, ana 
then on the anvil, nnile lying on the anvil 
all the tools are, one by one, passed over 
the child, and the use of each is asked of 
the child. The nurse then receives the 
child, and she again washes it in the water- 
trough. If the smith take a fee for his 
work, the lay has no effect.** Banffs.] 

To Lay Oowd. To embroider. 

And ya mann kam my gay goai hawk 

To wifld baith bow and brand ; 
And I aaU laam toot tnrtia dow 

To ÌÙM g€wd wi' bar band. 

To Lay Metals. To alloy, to mix other 
substances with more precious metals. 

"Taiehinff tha articlaof gold-amythia, qnhiUua iojfU 
and malda lala miztoia of anill mattalL** JLeta^ Ja. it., 
148^ 0. 20, adit. ÌS&L V. Latib, Latit. 

To Lay Sheep. To imear or salve sheep 
with a mixture of tar and butter, Stirling., 

"It waa, tin of latOb tha almoat onÌTarMl ptaotioa 
to £ay or amaar tha whola atock with an ointmant com* 
poaad of battar and tar." Agr. Sorr. StixL, p. 29ft. 

Layino-time, «. The season when shepherds 

besmear their sheep with butter and tar, to 

guard them against the cold of winter, 


Thia ia aboat tha baginningof Novambar. Tha tarm 
ia f ormad, I aappoaa, from tha eironmatanoa of thair 
iaifmg thia miztura on tha akina of tha ahaap. 

[To Lay up skip laaqs. To make promises 
to oneself for the future that may never be 
realised, Shetl.] 




[LàT.ft. LThedixvctioBÌnwUchanTtliiiigis 
hia; M^ ^The ween wis against tne ioy o' 
Um cofii» and we made nnoo fool wark.** 
X^isabonsed. QLBaniTa.] 

S» A banii f onndation, 8. 

* ••aaftildtapldB|f«MfljhMj% thai thnridog did 

Mi low from iBT oofre ro o n dwiet with th« mSi of 

t tad mdMd Am DMrow lay 

,^ odnyw'a Him., ii. 42 ; in maigÌB, 

^IM^ faiyftib poiita^ poaitoi^ poaitio; Kiliao. 

S. Tile daj of a weavet^s loom, S. 

it niiioh faMcrtad tha woof into tha 
tha ahattia; K^eh azad it when inaartad, 
%•" Adaai'a Bmb. Aatiq., p. 633. 

bag Iw. wl' 'fÌMif a' fongi, 
afnia looÌNf tim'ar. 

A, WiUm** Fo«n#,.1790, p^ VOL 



IbM; o^hapl firm. 

H • piobafaly froaa 
of tBia tha woof ia 

[Lat-buibd, «. The boaxd on which taihm 
nae the gooae. OL Banffa.] 

ToLATO^«.si. To linger, to deUy. 

— Monr tgnnla hjm aèllhi hai aoemity 
haMlaM hai ftvdUl and rtAidt 
aaaa iwdUa tha TMana iDML 

irtaiiyM.ICoffa.THditaa." PhmptPanr. 

Bedd. dariraa ttnooi Fr. ladk-tr. kmk-er, or Lat. 

to alaehao. to onband. Did not tha fonn of 

ifovr ma 

f^. atgrmon, wa might deduca it 
fham !la.*0. ìatija^ intannittare^ laattjoa, otiari ; Alam. 

Aa^ iami^ P'f'* '^* Cm^ howarar. ia naad aa naariy 
afaiialwl to K. laqr. Chanoar, Iocm^ aloggiah, hijr ; 

a wight ha alow% and aatoaiad, and lool^^ 
dM Mda hha lika to an aaaa." Booth. 889, a. 

[LATD, jMrtpr. Laid; layd at erd^iAaomi 
to the gnmndy overthrown, Barbour, iiL 16. 

[LATD-MENi «. pL Lit. loadmen, i.e., men 
in diaige of pacl-horBea, ibid, viii. 466.] 

LATEB, t. The shear-water, a bird. Y. 

PJLTFF,8. The rest Y.Lafe.] 

LAT-FITTIT, ody. Having the sole of the 
fMi qnite nhdn or flat, wiuiout any spring 
m it^ and also much turned out, Fife, Loth. 
&fafMi^t«i4 Caithn. 

TUa ia Tiawad aa aorraaponding with B. Splaif* 
AalM t aa gi^a n by Bailay, •'Onawlio traada hia toaa 

The aapacatitioaa viaw it aa aa aril oman, if tha 

JInf A !•••• tha fiiat paraon who oaUa, or who ia mat, 
la taa hmjiming of ua Kaw Taar, or whan ona aata 
tal saa loamay, or anogaa ia any bnainaai^ ahonld 

LATIS, «• The alloT mixed with gold or 
nlyer. V. To Lay Mbtals. 

— "Ka goldamyth aaU mak miztarai nor pat fbla 
hwia in tha Mid matallia." Aeta Ja. IV., 1486^ a. 89l 

fk. iifr, id. aW-T, M-€tt to alh^. AlXkr or a&ria 

oat probably tha original form of tha F^. word, whiah 
Managa darivaa q. a loy, aoooidinff to law. Somnar 
howovar randara A.-S. nieej^-on, ^to ambaaa^ aa by 
aùnng baaar with battar matal% mlgariy tarmad 
ABof, Tha varb primarily aignifiaa ponara, dapon- 
ara. V. nazt word. 

Tha oorraapondant tarm in Lw B. ia Ìiff<L which Do 
Chnga dafinaa, Monatanun in matallo probitaa à laga 
raqmaita ao dafinita, GalL loi, aloi, ItaL I#m.— Qood 
fiwant daiiarii,«-aab formn AemiAo ao rHnadiia Ugat k 
mmdaria aibi ooncamir in opara monatanun. Compnt. 
2L 1338. Thia, dafinition, howarar, doaa not giva a 
alaar idaaof tha maaning of tha word.^ In tha qno- 
frtifln, tha phraaa AroMdiif £4go€ ia aqvÌTalant to oor 
IfcmiM, q. T. 

Xaa^ in tha Lat. of tho middia agaa, waa naad in tha 
aama aanaa. It ia ai^ in tha Tary aame taima aa 
Liga^ by Da Ganga. v . Lex, ooL 188. 

Latit, adj. Base, of inferior quality; a 
tenn applied to monej. 

••Qohat oara ovar yonr comoonowaltha doatha hir 
Graoa inatantly baar, qnhan arin now p ro iantUa, and 
of a lang tima byoana, by tha miniatcy of aom, {qnho 
battar daaarrad, tSa gaUowa than arar did CoeAroa), 
adm doath ao oorrapta tha ÌapU moaj, and haa brocht 
it to aach baaim^ and to aicK qnantitia of acrof a^ that 
idl BMB thai haa thair ayia oppin may paraava ana 
artmama bagguia to ba bcooht uarathvow npoon tha 
whoUa raalma.** Knoz'a Hiat, p. 184. Ltt^fed, p. 222. 

Tha aanaa of tha paamga ia totally loat m tha Lon- 
doa adil, p. 178,— "Seba doth ao oormpt tha good 
monay, ana hath brooght it to aaoh fta ata ci g i; and andi 

Tha monay hara maantappaam to ba that ooflunonly 

Tha word aaama to hara baan atillin naa in Bamaav'a 
althottgh printad aa if oo n tractad from oUaiffai 

Tat aU tha lMtfB'4 diioaniiy part 
Of asaakiad own tha haav'niy art 

1m aa mofih diitaat from aoeh tnah, 
Aa 'loy'd Datch oola from itarling eaah. 


▼. L4Ti% and LàT, n 

LATEK,«. Paint. 

tehait biieht ooataTning bawtfa with tha baamli, 
Na 1m al uthar poloiritade dots pat. 
If or to oompair ana dad with glanting glaamas, 
BrÙht Vaaoa ealioar with ana landwart Ui, 
Tha qahytmt iayfti bot with tba blakkmt amei 

PAito<ii^ dL P. iL, iiL 28. 

La. ««withaahaaof thadarfcaathna." 

Tha tmm, althoofh proparly danoting a raddiah ocd- 
onr, ia hara naad m an mipropar' aanaa for naint in 
ganarmL 9r. Ioo^im^ aangnina, roaa or ruby oolonr. 

LATHE, Leek, adj. Earthen. 

**Aa tha fyira praiffia and aohawia tha lagme rea- 
aaDia nmid ba ana pottar, aa tamptationn of tronbil 
pvtiflla k aohawia inat man." Abpi Hamiltonn'a 
Catanhiama, FoL 187, b. 

*'ArawanotGod*a2eemTaaaaIar and yai whan thav 
eaat na orar an honaa wa ara not brokan in ahaarda. 
Bnth Latt, P. L ap. 48. 

'Utam, tha flgora of ana doig maid qnhita foym.** 
I»v«ntQria«, A. 1581, p. 168. 




^•KMrt thai hmm&aifUmnf lh« |pMpd], tlifti te, 
IIm TMHirohibb riehM of J«ai Clintt» ewe (I lay) 
dM«ld be had of the iàbm Tteee l l, whereiii it is eon* 
•dMd. t Oor. 4 7. A men ie but e tahm reeee U , 
whwria the Loidptttiio rich fttreeeure." BoUoekon 
flTheo.,p.lSl. v. Lamb. 

L ATN, t. 

•'ltHi, MM bed of 1^9% eewit with silk of diTeis 
MDoorie flsnisit with thf« enrtenie end with thre ather 
UtiepeeeeendtheheidpeoeoftheseBie.'' Inventoriee, 

fh Mm denotes wooL Bat the bed here deeeribed, 
as belsngiBg to Q. Marj, woold eeeroely eoneepond 
with this iM» for it was deemed of such Tslae, aa to 
be Inpt in n eofliv of silk. V . Cammbb. I therefore 
^km tt ss siyu^ymg lawn ; the same with Lojfiie, q. ▼• 

LATNDAB, LAUSin>BB» «. A washer- 
WQOUUi, a humdreat. 

The Xiaff hee herd a woman cry. 

Be eakit oohat that wm in hy. 
•« It li the faMMfaf^ Schyr,** mid aae, 
•• That kyr ebild in lyDht bow hm tanaL"— 

lUs WM a ftdl fret eaitaiy. 

That swilk a Kynb aad m myehty, 

0«t Ua msB dndl OB this maaar; 

% zfL S7& V% MS. 
Wr. kumkBm% id. dmaosTt iammier, 

LATNEt ft. Lawn, fine linen. 

Ika Kinff and Fariiament oomplain of "the great 
abass^ ■t**^*ig smaag his snl^eo£m of the mesne ee- 
taite» pwnmiag to ooonterfaiet hie HienM and hia 
IMiUfi% in the qm end wearing of ooaatelie deithing 
of silkss of sli softa% ia^fne, cannneraige^ frmnyiee,^ 
Ae. Aets, Ja. VL, 1081, e. IIA 

Kr. ttMn^id. 

To LATNK V. n. To lie, to tell a f alae- 

fhsn heesnit te the knh^t, enul end kana : 

«« Qif thoa lofla thi Uf< Maly Boght to iayM. 
Teld BM tU brtfit bmad, baniit m btna.*^ 

gaw aa en d WL, iy. a 

Ika tana might sssm to siani^ render, eÌTe np. 
A'^. fsaa lea, CEL-O* lB«a-«| reddere. But layiie, or 
laiB^ imy oflsn oooaia in the eeoM given shore. 

bMe is noaght te li^fa^ 

86r IV i ilnBa, pi 80, tt 4a 

la Me fa aoi^t to i^ 

Be SBit hfaa hi hia 

lèUL. pi 4t It 88. 

To LATNEi V* ft. 

Man Mjla ane aiat thaaie hi the Forda, 
That srawily wyth-oatja worda 
Lad taama wp 1^ the wattyr syoa, 
Qwhill thai to the Oaak ooma aad Dnplyna. 
There meay wh Iwgyd, Boaeht to loins: 
Of thei the amat pert haTe thai alayna. 

IFyatewa, vUL 91 1». 

This wotd is Isft by Mr. Mscpherson withont ez- 
pIsnatioB Pechape the meaning ie, that the peraona 
lodgad hera^ were upointed to laq> waUh; for it ie 
anient that th^ nrmed only an ontpoet Thna, 
neadlf fa layae woald aignify, "not to lie down ;" 
BtL-O. laca-o, A -8. A/ya-oa, Ueo-ioa, raeambera. 

If aa^ were tiwir oraera, they diaobeyed them. For 
wa leem from Fordnn, Sootiehr., ii. 808, that many 
weia alain, aine ^ipla enbantee. 

Tha phiBM in Wyntown may, however, merely aig- 
■iiy, nel fa ifa^ La., to tell the truth. 

In the 

BMy we vndecataad the following 

a lade of the Uwe, in loade to BOt to laifaf, 
gUdm to 8ehir Qawaaa, the gatM to gajraa. 

O tin BL tdl aa, Mey Maigarit, 

Aad diaaa to aaSa/ 
O wha to aariit yon aobto hawk 

Thet ataada yoar kitehaa ia t 

/aaitoian'a Ftpmlar BtOL, L 88. 

The anuable editor to mistaken in viewing thto ee 
signifying "to stop or heeitato;'* and ee Am 
with 07& Urn, eynon. with Mia, to 

To LAYNEy Ledt, v. a. To conoeaL 

" Whaa drivw thir kyif.^ can WUlto My ;— 
"It'a I, thaeaptaia o' Bawcastto, WiUto ; 

I wlaim leyaa my aaaia for thee." 
—If a, I, Watty Weodspan, Ioom the kya I 

I maa layas my aeaie ftae thae. 

Jfttoia^W^ Jbnfaf , L 108. 106L 

8a.<0. 8lBan-a. Iffoee.^. ^o^aaoa-iaa, Germ, laapa- 
ca^ IbL l ep a o, A Bor. legm, which Bay improperiy 
dorivas from A-& toaaaa^ to ehnn. 

^a eHBBBB svaean^p ^^a^a^^^r ^r^ sh^^v^ vaa^Hn a^v^^^vaa a 

And Mid, 8to lof I iftd jow leyaa^ 
Albeld yt BMk it aevir M teaoi, 
Tb me yoar Islwar to ia vaia. 


I am anoartain whether thto aignifiM eoneeai; or 
09oidf alhan, from A.-S. ìmunm^ Titers^ fngere. Soma. 
The phiaìee^ quoted ander the praoedinff verb^ from 
Qawan, niiipit bear the aenaaw oonoeeL 

"Little ean a lang tongae leia," & Prov. "Spokea 
aeareproof toa baSbler.^' Kelly, p. 24a 

To tne aame parpoee it to oaid, " Women and bairae 
leia what they ken not." Fergneoa'e S. Frov., p. 841. 

LATNEBE, §. A atrmp, a thong. 

Be hym drMsyt hto atad to ta, 
Bys caaohè Uùfiun bmk in twa. 

ITyBiMM, via 82L 48L 
Wt, fnaftra, id. Y. Coacnr. 

LAY-POKE, «. The ovariom of fowla, S.; 
sjmon. JEgff'becL 

[LAYSER, 9. Leisure, Barbour, sx. 234.] 

To LAYT, V. a. 

Who will lMfa^{M Iqftf, 

Therf him BO tethir ML 

mr fWiffMi, pi 178. 

"LÌ8tM,"0L Bnt I enapeot that it rather dgaifiM 
give heed to^ make aoooaat of. V. Lat, Ln; to 

[Latt, •• A amall quantity of liquid, ShetL] 

[Latum, •• Planks roughly laid so as to form 
a loft at one end of an outhouse, ShetL] 

LAZY-BEDS, «. pL A pUui of planting 
potatoes, formerly much m use, according 
to which the root was laid on the ground 
undressed, some dung being spread under 
it; the seed and manure were then covered 
with earth dug from a sort of trench which 
surrounded the bed^ S. 


la ley aroand, they are oommonly, in Sootland, 
planted in Ztnqf-htde, m they are oalled, thoa : After 
the jgroand ie marked oat into hede, which cannot con- 
irawently h9 ahoTO two yarde broad, the eaaie ie 




with 4m« aad KHm^" «■. Mmnll'a M. 

' XaM^mCl ft MOM dv dfMilBf llfid pMUliftT to MOM 

>■ rf tii»^ h%hlMMfa It fi noiiiipprosriately 
Md." 8mm Md Qm^ iv. 00. 

XiE^riUfia A tort of donumstratiye uticley 
often prefixod to tiio name of a placo or 
tUiig m our old deods, tignif jing the. 

••IdtwuflmtiaùuAhamwi*' CnL Priont. niu- 
miàm, £L laat^. Lbd. Brnditg LekL 

!• MMM «• b« Mwly Um Fr. utiela, li^ ««th«, tlM 
■lid, IIm ■mm/' Ool|r. This, Atthough prpperlj tbe 
■■Mima pvoB.. Mid diiliiiahto, in on* of its nset ia 
iodadiiMklt^ sod Mod bolii M BMovlint Mid Imiiiiiiis. 
V. Diol. TkitT. 

!«■» Lbi^ «. Tho water of the sea in motion. 

Tkmw «Mi fkirtjf that Mdik nay thajm gaat ataad, 

Bal tkai fhay adTvwlM than toifMnr 
^ OiUMr an halt la tyridana ItalT. 
Aad aaamr thaj hooadia oriantaU^ 
Oihaia aa fta aabaa iavia alhala ; 

^Bhflhia ar tidylt wShtiia aathir £** 

T lw taij iteoa of itioMM Im 
VvmlliB ftoai tta bndt pahBM of tm 

iMl, an, OL 

**!! aoam to dfi^ifyt'* Mjra Badd., ••oothtiiff bat 
OHMMrfflr, and ao Bay oqom nom tho A.-S. ea, wita tho 
Ar. paitiola f." Bat I hoTO no doabt that hora wo 
hmw ft Tootifo ol tho old laL word lae^ Ina, mare^ 
TonL|hodia^aDdaanaBa,O.Aiidr. Hodoo {»-^nf ar, 
tho OMMhota ooivavad with woeda^ aand» fta» hiae» 
pootfaaQy, tto ▼ùkùw of tho oe% La., the 
b0-oar,fliutk floetitat; lot^, loai^, liqaorflnona. 
ao voot aMypofhapabatnood in tha eompoond 

alaoiogÌToaa tho troo origin of E. 2ee, 

m atraMaly dacirad by Skiuiar from Fr. 

OthaniliKfo tnaod it to (i, aa denoting 

Bat a Im alome^ ia that towarda which tha 

wimia bloiw, and, of aoniaananoab tha wavaa ara driTon. 

tiM im Mc of tho ahip baing nnderatood to 
that whieh ia not diraotiy ozpMod to tho wind. 

11 laana to havo 

oddly inf oRod, that tho tann 
, tranqoiL Dr. Johna. 
nuataka in relation to 


aohjoot ; having gÌTon pneiaalT tho aamo aenao to 
' aa to MJarfiiaitf. Ho tnoa ozpUina both 

I «*Towaida tha wind." 

LE^ LxA, Leb, Lib, Ltb, «• 1. Shelter, 
aeeniitjr from tempest. 

Tha cfDy t^apa and than UtiO bini groBiM 
takk vndw M of baakia, woddli and bramaa. 

Jhng. Virga. tOl, S7. 

**Tkm Im of tha hiU,** ia a eomnoa phnaa for tho 
akoltwaADcdodbyaiMÌnggroand, 8. 

2. Metaph. peace, easoi tranqnillitj. In this 
aenae it moat freqnentljr occurs ; aa in that 
beaatiftil elegjr on the death of Alex, m., 
one of the doest specimens of S. poetrjr 

tehan Alyaaadvr oon KTag wm dada, 
tWi Beollaad kd ia hiwe aad If, 

Away WM aoaa of ak and bnda. 
Of wynaaadwaa,ofgaBiyB anagla. 

ffyof. Oon^, vH 10. 028L 

BiHIr bat atryfi to Itif alkma in 1«, 
Than to ba nMcUt with a wkkat narrow. 

Oar aJM« than that wamn blith and alad 
Of thia ooath ranama of oor now eiet^l 
Bdiort I to gnith boa% and laif in 1Mb 

Dang, VirgQ, 71, 6t 

-Than I tha tan. 

b tha lieht pUoa, and itoda for yoor datA. 
And of yoor trual tena bald to rMta in It 

/ML, at la 

Job. randan to Uwe te lot, to Uto at hia own oaaa and 
liking. It alao aigniflea, to tivo in paaoo^ aa oppoaad to 
oontantioa or wamro. 

Now ia tha grams that wh aaa grim 
Rlcht glad to Imw ta /ML 

Mvergnm^ il. 182, it 11 
Alao^ to Uto in aaoarity. 

Fkaa htaoe forth ba tal bolth hair and m 
Baith thiif ponaiat, and laU man <»M ta litL 

PfieiU </ PMÌ9, a. P. K, I li. 

Sa.-0. loa ospcoaaaa tha Taiy idea oooToyad by thia 
word in tta primaij aanaa ; loonatempaatati anbdnctoa, 
Ihra. laL Ale, Afie, id. A.-a Aleo, wannth ; a plaoa 
aaean from tÌM winda, a plaoa «1 aholter. In old 
Oothio monamenta, thia ia written Iff, 

Ok hadihr vagn ck wtder ly, 
TiKti a pnYia^et tampaaUta. 

Chnm, Jtifthm, 

Dan. ^f^t loe^ a ahaltar, a oovor, ohiefiy from aoren 
weather. Thaao toma an evidently allied to lal. A/yr, 
idfft ealidoa ; da aethen at aen diatar ; hlyemU, caior 
aethereaa; A/yn-ar, aer incaleacit, ao demena fit ex 
frigida Perfaapa the obaoleto laL «. Alom-a, may be 
viewed aa the root; aoin Alaaa, aqoaa ealent; O. 
Andr., p. 114, 1 IS. 8. Lem, IUHm and lowne, q. t. aeem 
alao nuuoally allied. 

Xa ocean in a poMagi in iHiieh tha aanaa ia on- 

SpynagTM than ipaUa ; Mid, Loidingia in U, 
I nda ye teat tmoly to my taehlng. 

%^awnne^w e^^^w %7^^^^p aae ow 

It may have tho aame meaning aa in the paangaa 

be left (UNibtf oL 

above : bat it moat 

Le, Lea, Lie, adj. Sheltered^ warm. 

The land loon waa and Ue^ with lyking and love. 

Awlalc, L 2, Ba 

Tito fair foireit with lavia loaa and If, 
Tha fowlia song, and Sooris farly ■uait, 
Ii bot tha wura, and his prosperitè, 
Aa fida plaModb. myngit with eair repldt^ 

V. the i. 

LEA LAIEI, a. A natural shelter for cattle, 
such as is prodnced by fflens or over- 
hangiiig lod^ Ayn. 

liBALAiKB-OAiBy a. Well sheltered grazing 
ground; sometimes applied to the place 
where two hills join together, and form a 
kind of bosom, Ayrs. 

If the fint part of the word ia not merely lea like, 
i.0.. lifet lea ffround, it miaht aeem allied to laL hlkte 
nmlMrm, and fioAa, aor oaUaoa, q. a wann aholter ; or to 
C.B.IlMAkWhatlieaflat;noovort. V. Qaib, 0am, a. 2. 

LE, t. Law ; Wjmtown.»,id. Thia Mr. ifaoph. dodooea from Lat. 
Iiy^ tha aU. of fee. 

[LBA8UM, adj. Lawful, S.] 

Lbasumli E, adv. Lawfully ; a term used in 
our old.laws. 

*' Oif ony man boa aam landia partoning to him aa 
haritaga, and aomo other landia aa oonquotat, he may 




tmmmUn ^Af all Md hafl hia ooiiQiieitt Uodia^orooT 
pari tfufaoi; witlMmt oooawi of hM ddort Miia, to hu 
aaeud oronyutlMr aflar bom aooe, to remaoo with 
Ihaaia pemioalUoiB allttmo oomiBg." L^g. Baif., 
BdfMiA Aaoi., p. 1«. V. LmxM. 

To LE» V. n. To lie, to tell a falsehood ; 

Li» Lss» «. A lie; a fakehood; Wjntowii. 
[LsAB, Lebb, «. A liar, S.] 

[Lb-ukb, Lbb-ukBi adj. Like a lie, ezag- 
gerated| S.] 

To LEA, Lbb, «• a. To leave, AbeitL, 
Olydea. V.Lbbd. 

{hEarjf^adj. Left by aD, with no one near; 
as, **There I was my bafii lane,** there I 
was with no one near me, Clydes* ; Forfar. 
Y. Lxiraw.] 

rLBAlK, pari, and •• Leaving, departure, 

LEAy adj. Not ploughed; used only for 

FkntT dian eolttfilt flk nawp and moor, 
Bow IM and baiOb baeaaaa thy laadlord's poor. 

Bmmm^È /mm, L SO. 

4.41 Im^ pactara. 

To Lib Lba. To remain sometime without 
being cropped, S. 

**II[tta«iliaiiatad]aad1waatliaii loft to natnrato 
▼aidora and ivtititjt by a nombor of yoan 

witlMmt tlM aid of any artiiicial ffraaiea. This 

oanodaUowmgthogimuidtolitÌM.^ Agr. Surr. 
wioka., p. 2101 

^o LEAD, 9. a. To load; henccL to drive, 
to cart or cany away in loads, S.J 

ToLbadCobn. To drive com from the field 
to the stack-yard, S. 

[Lbap, Lbd, %. A load, Clydes. A M of 
com, hay. or peats; a load for a pony, 

[Lbadiv, Lbadino, Lbadan, «• 1. Driving 
grain from the field to the stack-yard: 
Sodoii, Banffs. 

2. Load, or supply, of provisions.] 

**PWolamaooBÌa woa auid tlia tnt day of tho aaid 
BOMftb (Fabb IfiOl) to all noUemon, baronia, and 
vtlMffii, within a groat nombor of aebirafdomiBi, to ryio 
fa anMS with twentio dayoa faodM^.** Bolhayen MS. 
ICmb. Ja. VL. F. fia 

PMHriona an widoobtedly OMant. Bat the term 
woaU aaom strieUy to aignify aa mnoh aa one can carry 


LEAD, %. The name given to the course 
over which the stones are driven in curling, 
Anff., Stirlings., Clydes. Hence^ to gae to 
ifttflMcIi, to go a curling; Ang. 

In Loth., Ayra., and aomo other ooontiea, thia ta 
oaUod tk4 rink. Some onrling aooiotiea have an offioo- 
beanr who ia oaUod ifcuter ^ HnU it being hia pco- 
▼inoe to aee that tho ooocae be properly awept, and 
that the ralca of the game be obeenred. In Lanarka. 
theoooieo iaoaOed the radt, although tho term Ha* be 

Tho name L^ad may have originatad from the fixit 
plavor taking the Isfld m the game ; and he ia atill aaid 

Lbadbb, s. In curling, one who takes the 
lead in the game, who first lays down his 
stone, 3. 

Neit Bobin o' ICaina, a Imrfff good, 

doaa to the witter drew^ 
BatcUff want br, an' caoae ha mi«*d, 

Pnnoaac'd tha ioe nntrae. 

ikmiitom*9 Smuùtu, pi 108. 

LEAD-BRASH, s. A disease to which brute 
animab are subject at LeadhilU. 

"Fowls of any kind wiU not Uto many dayi at 
Trfiadhilla They piok np araenioalparticlea with their 
food, which aoon killa them. Hmvea. oowa, doga, 
oata, are liable to the Uad-broih. A cat, when leized 
with thai diateniper. aprinn like lightninff through 
ovoiy oomar of the hooaeb taUa into convulaiona, and 
diea. A dog faUa into atrong oonvalfliona alao, but 
aometimee raooTora. A cow growa perfectly mad in an 
inatant^ and moat be immediately killed. Fortmiately 
thia distemper doea not affsct the human apedeiL 
Stal Aoo.. App. zn. 9a. 90. V. Brasb. 

LEAD DRAPS. Small shot, used in fowl- 
ing, s. 

[LEAD-STANE. The weight used for sink- 
ing a fishing-line, ShetL] 

LEADEN HEART. A spell, not yet totally 
disused in Shetland, which was supposed to 
restore health to those whose ailments 
could not be accounted for. 

" Noma knotted the teadem heart to a chain of gold, 
and hung it around Minna'a neck ;— « apell, which, at 
the moment I record theae inoidenta, it ii known haa 
been lately pcaetiaod in Zetland, where any decline of 
health, witnont apparent cauae, ia imputed by the 
lower oidera to a oemoo havinff atolen the heart from 
the bodv of Uie patient." The Pirate, iu. 23, 24. 

Tho lead, in a atate of fuaion, muat be caat into 
HTÌng ita form fortuitoualy, and be prepared 
a Tariety of incantationa. 

LEADIS, «• pL Languages. V. Leid, #. 
To LEAOER, v. n. To encamp. 

'* The army leager'd at Pitarro.** Soalding. 
Tout. 2e9Aa^-€% oaatra metari ; Sw. laegr'a Mig, id. 

Leaouer Ladt, «. A soldier^s wife, one 
who follows a camp ; a term used in con* 
tempt, S. *'A soldier^s wife; a cam- 
paigner; a camp-trotter,'* S.; Gl. Antiq. 

Sir J. Smythe, in Certaim DUeoureee eoneemiM ikt 
Farwu amd EjfeeU qf divert eorte o/ Weapont, 1090, 
apeaking of Offioera, aaya : *' Theae, utterue ignorant 
of all our anncient dMcipline and proo e edinga in actions 
of armea, haye ao affiBcted the Walloona, Ftemings, and 
baae Almanea diadpline^ that they haTo procued to. 
innorate, or rather to aubrert all our anncient proceed^ 




iHpiiBBillMiailhMyf— «%for ciMBpH tiMjwin 
mm^9mkmtm fai th«r i p wcliit or writiagi to ■■• o«r 
fctiondBg to aiMltn of waR% V«t doo aXL a 
bjf tiMOatohBoaoof tear.- nor wOl not afoid 
Hf«i*taflh»to«MoriMliAiofftiolMMfti, bat 
•iHiiMvai^* V. MMHtncv, iti. 117. 

• ffgpr, TmtL hgtr^ Ughtr^ a ^""SP • ^ <mV"*^* 

^ I Xoalk fi|pMi^4M| OMWa flMMRf cia*"V« fM^^'Oi 

T^gAT., o^.- Lojal ; lioneit, Ac* Y. LxiL. 

To LEAM, «• a. To take ripe unto oat of 
tiie hmk, Bozb. 

TiKAMWi, LsKMSB, #• A nvt that separates 
; easOr from the husk, as bemg foil j ripe, 



■irti wbieh ksfo tboir baiki 


To LEAMy V. n. To shine. Y. Lems. 

To LEAN DOWN, v. n. To be seated ; 
also^ to Se down, to xedine; often with a 
lectpKocal prononn, S* 

[LEAN-TO* a. The name givwn to an oat- 
. Iwnse^ or small addition to a bnildin^ when 
it is meteljr bnilt to^ or agabuif an outside 
wall, Cljdes.] 

[LiAirosB* A tax fonneriy pud bj the 
inhabitants of Shetland to tne crown of 
Denmark as a punishment for harbouring 
iakakadbou; a 

LEAP, #• A cataract; sjnoo. Utm. Y. 


To LEAP OUT, e. fi. To break out in an il- 
legal or dÌM>rderly way. 

•• Hk ia an ttiii timo AÌoYÌng thai ko had Bot that 

Mfpv aa oovt tliat ba Uumght hia birth and plaoo 

* aUowtd Uapt mU^ aad mada aondiy Mf<-f«dt Mwaat 

tha Uuri ooa in FdUaad, and anothar bmt Sdin- 

fenab." Seott'a Staggaring Static p. 153. 

iii^ to nin ont ; Bal^ «]f<lM3Ma» to bnak 

LEAPING ILL. The name given to a 
disease of sheep, Annandale; the same 
with T%arUr III, q. ▼. 

T.gAHj adv. Bather ; i.e^ liefer. 

I tar bgr te aha d/d Uka Jinkaa't baa. 
Or «a apin flMt JOB anraly SMB. 

Mit^t Mdtmr ^ ISni Mi,^ pi S8L 

. Lmt, W. Tbiid. y . lATsa. 

L'BSAT^ LnsBW, 9. A liar, S. pron. bsor. 

Qad of tha Dtwyl mjA fa a <iabi]a^ 
Aa I bMM b«d lad tba Waagrla, 
Ha bL ba m jd, a tarv tUM i 
8«^ la af bym tiia frdyia ab. 

Wjfmitwm^ JL lS.SnL 
A.4L iMfo^ Ihlg. Utghtr. 

LEASE-HAUD, $. Possession; q. hoUimg 
by a faiM, Selkirks. 

**Tbat gaqg briad to baan WlaBt immhmd o' yoor 
aiB fialda, an' your ainba\ tSU ya gaa tham a biUiooap." 
Brownia of Bodaba o b, L 88S. 

LEASH, adj. Clever, agile, S. A. 

*'8ha laphood tha haiaa oa tha floor, oridaBtlj 
aflbotad fay thair aatooiation with bar tovar^ and bia 
favoorito piiniiiti.-»'£?«i taka aoma of tha npcat, and 

great aboat hia gilti again, and get anothar ; 

Uaik lad and a lagJ/" Blackw. Mag., May 1820^ 

pw ISOL 

LEASH, s. Freedom, liberty, S. B. GUtu 
ti€ kash^ set us at liberty. 

nn of yoor piofltar woadVm !Ua ; 
Ole u oar mhA the night, and ye Mil ba 
My daated ìam^ and geag alaag wi* ma. 

Shirr. Tiawa tha pbrMa maationad aa aqnÌTalant to 
''giva Q8 /leenof." Bat tha word ia more allied to leL 
fa& a, Uifth-a, aolran^ whanca Iqiatn^ a freedman; 

Moaa^. loM, aolatna. Lat. 

would indaad aaein to hava tha aama ongia. 

To LxASH AWAY, V. ft. ^To ffo cleverly 
off, or on the way, S* B.** SadoL y. Jifliif - 
ekmd. y • the $. 

LE ASINO-MAEEB, Leasino-maxino. V. 


[LEASUM, Lbasumlix. Y. nnder Ls, s. 
LEATEB MEATE. Y. Latteb-msat. 
LEATH, 9. The lay of a weaver^s loom. 

" Tba waavar ehoold hold hia foot firmly and etrongly 

oia Ua treddlaa wbilat ha weaToe, and likewiea ba cara- 
fnl each time ba throwa tba ehvttle^ that ha drawa tha 
tbiaad eteai^t and light [tight!] to tha etoth, before 
ba atribaa with tba Imik^ or remoTea hie feet" Max* 
waU'a SaL Trena., p. 842. 

IvidaBtly tha aema with Tani. laedi^ poetM, man- 
tionad andar Lay, q. t. 

To LEATH, V. a. To loiter. 

**T1ia aaria of Ai^gna cam haietilia to Bdinboigb, to 
tha goremoor, ehewinff him, if ba UaiMed atill at home, 
▼eing the oonnaall of the preiatia askl ranlinall, ha 
woold tyne all SootUnd.** Piteoottia'a Gron., p. 436. 
V. Lnr, V. to delay. 

To LEATHEB, v. a. 1. To lash, to flog, S., 
q. to beat with a thong of UaihePf in iimict- 
ing discipline ; a low word. 
LeMcr, IjAoaeh. id.; Utfcr, ShatL 

2. To batter soundly ; transferred to battle. 

**1 earn to a place lÀere there had been eoma dean 
haikerÌHg, and a' tha pair ohielda were lying there 
boabit wi' their daee jmt aa they bad put taem on 
that BBoming." Talee of my Landlord, in. 109. 

3. To tie tightly, Ettr. For. ; q. to bind with 
a thong. 

LsATHEBiir, •• A beatini^ a drubbing, S. ; 

Udderin, ShetL 

*'Tbere waa a whaen diapa here apeerin' after yov» 
an'tbqr^flMwtogiayonaleaCftcriaV 'AlfoOcria,' 




frfaadf Mid 1» 'ncftT what nay thai maanf ^Tia 
wktà w oa' tìurMhiir aoa'a akin i' aoma plaoaa ; or, a 
draMrfub aa ao Kngltahinaii wad oa'ti' ratamad ha^** 
HoggVWiBtar Tbloa, L 289L 

To LEATHER, V. o. and fk 1. To go cheer- 
f iillj, to moTe briskly. S. ; a low word. 

Att" ahaann ftaa tha hanlaCi miii' 
Wl' aoopla ihaaka war ItathetùL 

[S. To do any kind of work with eneigy 
or earnestness, to labour assidaonsly, to keep 
constantly at; commonly nsed with the 
pwpodtions yp and atj or joined with an- 
other word signifying the action, Clydea^ 

8. To scold; sometimes followed by the pre- 
position at. Banffs.] 

[LSATHBRIV, LsATHERAKy «• 1. The act of 

shewing eneigy, earnestness, or assiduity at 
w<»k. Y. sense S of v. 

S. The act of scol 

•LEATHER. Looh Uaiker. Y. under 


(LEATHINOy s. Lath, flooring; floor, 
Alex. Wilson's Poems, p. 56, Ed. 1876. 

la Baafrawa. it la stili naad in tha aana aanaa ; bat 
tha tann ia genaniUj appliad to wooif in Aim bomnU,} 

LEAUOH,a4r. Low; Selkirks. Y.Leuch. 

LBSAUW, «• A place for drawing the nets 
CO, composed partly of stones, earth, and 
grayel; AbenL « 

** lalamgatad. If soBiia parta of tha bank to tha aaat 
of tiM erofl-aika M not faced or faanieadoad with stona? 
dapona^ That ha doaa not know if aay Uaw§ mnat be 
■ado at aaj part of tha water-aide, Imt he knows of 
■ohahrark." 8tata» Laalia of Powia, ftc., p. 91. 

**Tha ¥ggaat iNNiiat there for felling at doea not 
aweaad oaa maoa and one half in breadth, from the 
daaltri^ of tne brae to the margin of the water ; hot 
th^ eonand aereral paoea in length along the margin 
of it^ bj which he meana only the ahota m deep water 
wimediately betow the braea> Ibid., p. 102. 

'*When uiera are any obatmctiona made by the rirer. 

sia m iiKO manner nuea np, 

other obatmetioii remoTcd.** Ibid., p. 114. 


Fàrtherdepone^ That a Leauw ia a place wherever 

^ - * .ir 

be hauled aahore." Ibid., p. 138. 
Tlua ad^t aaem to be Fr &«, place, but more pro- 

bably ia the aame with Teat, loo, lo, locna altoa adiacena 
Btaanta. tonentibaa, aat palndibna ; Becan. ap. lEilian. 
A.4u Mam, kiaew, agger, aoenma, tnmolna. The 
latt » ia the wofd from which we have onr Law, q. ▼. 

[LEAWTE, $. Loyalty, fidelity, tnith, 
Barbonr, L 400.] 

[LUBB, •• 1. As mnch as can be taken 
into tiie month at once ; as, ^The dog took 
a Mi oot o' the poiritch pot.*". 


2« As mnch as can be thrown by the hand at 

8. A quantity of strong drink. LtM is 
another form. Banff s. J 

[To Lkbb, 9. a. and n. 1. To take any kind of 
food into the month with the tongue. 

2. To throw in small onantities by means of 
a vessel or by the nand; ftp and ooi are 
often added. 

3. To swallow food quickly; as, **L€bb tp yir 
brackf ast, an' lat's awa. 

4. To tope; to tipple. The preposition at is 
used. Labb is in use. Banffs.] 

[LsBBor, LxBBAN, part. pr. Used also as a 
s. in each of the senses of v.^ ibid. 

Theae forpoa are erideotly the local pnm. of Labb, 
Labbin, q. ▼. Dan. lobe, to lap^ laL kpftL} 

LEBBIE,#. The lap or fore-skirt of a man's 
coat, S. B. Loth. 

A.4L heppe, Belg. Gena. lap^ hpp, laL li|/; id. 
8iL-0. lap, pamnna. 

To TiKBRTt, Lbbbeb, v. a. To bedaub, to 
beslabber; as, '^Thai bairns has Mer^t a' 
the table;** Ubering^ the act of beslabbering, 
laL lap, Dan. looca, aocfaiUnm. V. Tiamaa, o. 

Lebbeb-beards, «• pL Broth, used by the 
peasantry, made of greens, thickened with 
a little oatmeal. Bozo.' 

Lebbebs, 9. pL Droppings from the mouth, 
&C., in eating or drinking ibid. 

To LECHE, v. a. To cure, to heaL 

Bot qohen that he had fowcht ja fut, 
Bftym in-til an fle he past. 
Bare woaadyt, to be uchifa than, 
And eftyr ha wea myn aa mare. 

tT fg ji a a^T.ia. ssa. 

S11.-G. laek<^ Moaa-O. leUtia^n, A.-S. laen-km, id. 
'* To Ikeh the tare, Soot" CaUander'a BfS. Notaa on 
Ihre, TO. Laek-a, miederi. 

Lech, Leche, Leighe, 9. 1. A physician or 

Thaim that war woondyt gert he ly 
In tiU hiddillit, aU priaaly : 
And gert gad Uehù till toalm bring, 
Qabifi that thai war in tm helinfr 

AMiovr, ▼. 4S7, XSL 

The gentlemen of the faenlty had affected a oonaider- 
able desree of atate, even aa early aa the time of onr 
poeticalBiahop of Dnnkeld. ' 

Me thocht I lorkit vp mdar my hude, 

To ipy thys aald, that wat aU iterne of tpeiche, 

Aa ha had baae ana medlejnare or Mdkc 

Deaf. Virga, 460. 29. 

••Leeke,*" aaya Stnitt, «'inia the name by which aU 
profeaaora of aorgery and phyaio were anciently diatin* 
gniahed ; and in aome parte m the hingdom to thia day, 
a eow doctor ìm called a eoia (rcAa." Angel cynnan, 




S. L&Ukt oocnn Abod. Res., as denoting a 
bniber; as sofgeons and Mrben originally 
btlooged to one incorporation. 

Ttim b efidwllv • tìct aiiei«&t wonL McwQ. 
^ M/ A.-8. IMC^ loeo^ ^/ Alan. loeU/ U. 
titWr/ 8e.«0. lomn^ Dm. Icm^s SoUt. 
•«.«.» Mmb.. lifanv FòL, ItftorCs; F«oii., faeodfc- 
^Imi; ^t ft ij >» Id. H«BM kprmlteek: And lon^A- 
iMel^ MHpiwip, whiolit 1^ tnnaUtioii into modem 
IhmÌmmu MbSuàk it hM % Indiecoai eflfoot» it toiiift- 
liMMaJM, & R» a òfadfc i)oetor. " In Abeideen, it 
ii Hid thaft Iiefilc9 art eriod in the itreeta nnd«r the 
«C Jfaeè Dioctofib whelpMl in a pool" Sir J. 
ir« ^ I29l 8. harm Iteck^ " a faniar or lioraa* 

liWHorOi Lmoiairo, # • Becoveiy, core. 

Jèp MMt northt fer MdhiM wiJd aocht lot 
^^ ^ iratfaei, is. 1218» M& 

LnoHnra^ LbiohmenTi «• Medical aid. 

** Aa aooa aa Iha nid piaiat aaw the king, he knew 
hni inwitin iti and kneeled down npon hie knee, and 
Mailed al the kia^a Oraoe^ if he might live if he had 
ModWdUa9.'*^3aootfeie,FoLKd.,p.gO. Lekkmau^ 

wTisii. pi ssa. 

««inoolaa PSwI na aet t hia whoU atndie toaholich 
iha eld nd manar of UkhmmL and to ^arniieh and 
iaaoh the jooth with eloqnent langnage, m all kyndia 
aliBÌMiriM." Pltaoottia'aGkQn.,p. IM. 

UBCHEOE, 9. Leakage. ''His default & 
bdUgw of the wyne. Abeid. Reg., A. 
IMVV. 19. 

IjECI^ #• The name siven to any stone 
tiiat stands a strong nre, as ffreenstone, 
tnqpp, Acn or such as is genenuly nsed in 
Fife, Loth. 

[tnpb whinatona^ and amorphona haaalt] 
■ate into eaeh oUiery and are often inter- 
in th«r imperfeoty irreanlar, and troabled 
th a naif Ii^difiea ton^ and compact 
aÌBK aaOad UA bjtha qnarriera,** A^. Suit. Bww., 

ni% ptàtm^ la tta aame anbatanoe which, in Ire- 
kad. la eaUed lace dajf. 

"Immadiiteij nnder the moor, ia a thin atratom of 
what thagr call, loeè-ctiqf, which ia like baked day, 
tha thieknam of a tHe^ and no water aeta throoffh it. 
Undarll lime atooa naTeL** Yoong? TonrinlraL, 
t — 


LEDDYRyt. Leather. ^'Lisufficient schone 
AUidgrr Aberd. Reg., A. 1538, y. 16. 

**T!b qnyt thaimieWa for the t^yinsof rocht /eeld «r 
aa the gal and In landwart;** i.e., baying wronght 
Imihar an the wajr to the town. Ibid. 

LiDDERAliB, Leddbbino, adj. Made of 
leather, leathern. 

'*fbaraaifciaaf holand lynnin^f worth iiij lib., ana 
MiatMM eoit worth ton oroTnia of the aone, zlii 
flaanla eU of 8and«ill the price aaz UK, A ane stik of 
Ootjna ailk for beltia A gaitania the price Tiij ah grit." 
Ahari. Bag., A. 1646^ vTlO. 
ilna InUirana coft mnat here mean a tmff coat, or 
■aed for drfence. 
an^ m a Miviaa pom beand in the aaid btak 
tnalf aooTO A zn aalatia.'* Inventoriee, p. 12. 

LEDE, t. A person. V. Lbid. 

ToLEDE,v.a. To cany. V. Lbad, v. 

[Lbdino, «. 1. Oovemment, command, 
Barbour, i. 579, xy. 802. 

8. Company, squad, ibid. ix. 19.] 

LED FARSf. A farm on which the tenant 
does not reside, S. 

[To LEDGE, 9. a. and n. 1. To jut out, 
project, hang over, S. 

8. To insinuate, throw out suspicions ; aknost 
like E. allege ; as, ^ They ledge it he's nae 
far fae the orackan,'' BanfiFs.] 

[To Ledob ofi. To travel at a good pace, to 
keep hard at any work, ibid.] 

[To Ledob ooL To start off at a good pace, 
to begin any work with a dash, ibid.] 

[To Lbdob upon. To accuse, to charge, 

Lbdoin, e. A .parapet, that especially of 
a bridge, S. 

" He raiae np, an* gied a glower aa gin he faond the 
tow nmnd hia neck ; an' ayne, wi' a veil like a aticket 
bnllf lonpit richt ower my head, far beyont the kdmn* 
o'thebi^'' St. Kathleen, iv. 143. 

[Lbdoit, e. The top of the inner half of a 
window, Banffs.] 

LEDINOTON, s. A kind of apple, S. 

*'Applea. Whiie Ledingtan^ Oreen LtdinoUm^ OrtM 
LtdUtgton." P. Carluke, Stat Ace., tìu. 125. 

" We have alao— for the kitchen the Codling, Lid- 
mgUnm, and Babiee.** Beid'a Scota Gard'ner, p. 121. 

Thia haa evidently received ita name from Leding- 
ton, or Lethinf^ton, u the connty of Haddington, for- 
merly a aeat of the Landerdale family, now, under tiie 
name of Lonnoz-Love, the property of Lord Blantyre. 

LEDISMAN, Ledshan, Lodismak, e. A 

Before the laif, ai Udaman and lard. 
And al hn nm vp with fèUoan fiud. 
Went PaliaiiTCu 

Any^ VwgO, 166» IS. 

— ^Iliy achip- — ^I knew fUI qayte 

Spulyeit of hur graith, and lodisman ftirth imyte. 

Md. 17&,44. 

Chancer focfifmon; A.-S. fa^mon, Tent. Iqfdmmam, 
Bdg. ioodimam, Sn.-G. Udeaman^ Sw. loU, E. toadsmam ; 
not aa Sibb. auppoaee, "q. the heaver of the lead ; ** 
bat aU from the idea of leading, 

LEE, adj. Lonely. 

When Mven yean were come and gane, 

Ledv Mar^uet ihe thought Ung ; 
And toe is up to the hichest tower, 

JamUmnCi Pop^dar BalL^ L SS. 

Thia aeema to have been a favourite alluaion. It 
occura alao in p. 25, at. 1. VoL iL 46. V. Lixiow. 

LEE, •• Little Lee^ apparently slender means 
of escape. To set at little lee, to leave 




ieucely any maans of shelter. This phrase 
I have met with only in one passage. 

rbm Hoblito HobU !■ that ^1 

I wit h« MiiftM tht ftyle ta' him ; 
All has 1m ditfw Mr blnldhiuiidi iMck, 

iWlf ifaMib i'**^- ^•"'*'. *• *»• 
DMk fa^ ■heliw; A.-8. A^ Aleoie; ombnoaliim ; 
Mf Inm» nfas;iiiiii. ▼. Li, Lib. 

LEE, •• Shelter. 

UEE^adj. Sheltered. y.LB,LiB,&c. 

[LEE, Ls, «. A lie ; to be, to ten lies, S.] 

IfgifAtt, «. A liar, one who utters false- 
hoods, S. 

IsmErUxm^ adj. Having the appearance of 
falsehood; as, <*It was a very le$4ike 
storjr,'* S. 

To LEECH, LsETCH, «• a. To pin or splice 
two pieces of wood together. Thus, when 
' the snaft of a cart is broken, it is said to 
be keUhedj when spliced with a piece to 
tapply the place oi that which has been 
broken aS, Èoid>. 

LxBCB, «• A piece of wood nailed across the 
broken from or shaft of a cart, or any kind 
of wooden utensil* for supporting it, Sel- 

Hm tiM idM of being iMielir b mJoÌMd with thftt 
cfbMBffofaiM. IliMyMalliadtoSw. telMNi^iOMly; 
8«!^DMLtG«iiii.. Bdg. Udiq. •mpjy. wjth?** « 
ÌBhsbittiit Waohter obMTTM tliAt Belg. IMÌV M ako 

hu, p« ifnoop. Teat. Iff Taeaitjr, le the 
loel. ULAIkM, however, ngnifieeomfanifiiiibnoQliim; 
«1 iir«0O a Alic, ooooltaie, coelere, enbdaoer^ Q. 
Andr., p. llfi. Or, ■hall we refer to leL hUod, eab- 
trietie, tedtunve* 9miJ^f 

LEEFOW,ac(;. Wilful, obstinate, Teviotd. 

As A. Bor. fe^ end torn, (E. K^^ ■i««S.'?LTrH?^*?' 
thie term may be enelogooe to «0J{M q. " Att of one'e 

LEEFUL, Lbbfow-hbartit, od/. Com- 
passionate, sympathizing. Loth. Lei/ul^ 

««The lè^^nan ie the begger'e brother ;" 8. Pror. 
** Spoken when we IwTe lent eomethingthet we now 
wentTittd mnat be forced to borrow.** Kelly, p. S16. 

XhffTt eaa loeiody be n donbt that thie is merely n 
BoUph. nee of LeeA, ee ngtafying to act the part of a 
jphynoaa ; q. to enra^ to heaL V. LiOHi, v. 

(XEED, Leid, #. 1. A great stretch, a long 
^ ikrud,"* BanSs. 

2. One line of conversation, story, or argu- 
ment ; a harping on the same string ; as, 
<< He got onrntLUed, an' oot o't he couldna 
get, tUd, Clydes.] 

[To LxED, «. a. 1. To repeat from memory 
fluently, Banffs. 

i. To talk or write much and tell little, to 
expatiate to no purposoi ibid., Clydes. V. 

LEED,pf»t Left 

with both hie haadi be bint Ui iword. 
And aU the itnasth thai he bad (00(1, 
He aet vpon Sir Gfjaie Ua bead. , 

Sit Xgmr, ▼. 1S08. 

jjMUMf left, B. Glooo. Ptthape here head and Ued 
imif been originally Aeaai and Imerf; aa the poem ia 
mnoh modenuaed. 

LEEFOW, LiEru*, adj. Lonely, solitary. 
The phrase used ìb mfaw iane^ quite alone, 

Whan be eame In, wba'a rittinff bera but Jean, 

OoUn'a bonaat wift» tejK/i»' !P« * 

Mom^9 Hdmmt, p^ 44. 

. maydan atade at her knee, 

mth ana aylver wand, and meltiDg ee. 
*The Ui/u mayda with the meltyag eye, 
Scho dioppit ana taar, and paaiit by^ 

X€r0il ia naed by Wynt in the aenee of friendly, 
neme radically diflmnt from the preoeding; 
>bablyfiomA.^.W.dear. laL Ay^o, 8n.^. 
iri, paroeie, are oonaidenbly allied m aigmfi- 
Bm the former ia praf enble. 

[LEEGINS, #. Spots of fishing in the deep 
sea frequented only by haa/ boats, ShetL] 

(LEE-LANE, adj. All alone, quite alone, 
BanfFs. Y . LiaiFOW.] 

LEE-LANO, oiiy. Livelong, S. 

Wbylei, e*er the wee bit enp an' pUtle, 
Ibey dp the acandal potion pretty ; 
Or taSe^ nighta, wT ombbed lanln, 
Bi;;^Se the defU'a ptetor'd benlgj^^ 

(XiEEE, f . The persons in a district invited 
to the funeral of one of their number, 
ShetL V. Leet.] 

(LEEM, $. A utensil of any kind ; same as 
ionUf loam^ q. v. Banffs.] 

LEEM, ad;. Earthen. V.Lamb. 

LEEMERS,«.pt V.Lbamer. 

LEEN, mUrj. Cease, give up, yield. 

Lat sang yenr gripe >-4re, Kedfe l-bont» Banldy, 

Alliedperhapeto8tt.-O.faawi,ooneederej ornther 
A.-S. oISmhm, Sw. UtuM, to oeeae ; whence O. B. 

To LEENOE, v. n. To slouch ; as "a lun- 
ain ganger," one who slouches in his gait, 

8a.-0. loen^^ reterdare ; or corr. from B. fp lo«ei^. 

[Leenoeb, «. A slouching, lounging, lazy, 
fellow, Clydes.] 




UEENOTH; ^. A wMTei^s web, when 
il it of a mr or thill textnrei is said to haye 
^m Umgj/m ugfmruicBf^ Ayrs* 

frupUi; idiwitMbtMisfaiflrsaahin, 
J JNB imm; id. SowMr* 

LBENINO»M^ [Pkob. for ftrnta^, benign.] 

Uf. ènii^ M im UiiL dm, lff79. 

IJEENO9 TaaaxoVf .#• The name siven bj 
tiw ooaunon people to the f abnc called 
thread gNiae, Lo&^ life. 

is IIm Rr. tHm lor Uwn. Thi% howorer, 
(i^ ddfaMd 1^ Ootgr. *** fine. 
liaBMi much luad in Picaidie 
ROBiB'b karehfln." 

To LEEP, 9. o. L To heat hastily, to par- 
boiL Z«9J4 parboiled. Y. Lepb. 

S. ^To bom slightly; to scorch the ontside 
of an* thinff roasted, while it is raw in the 
BiMdie;* GL Sorr. Moray. 

[S. To sit bmly over the fire, Clydes., BanfFs.] 

[Iabp, IiBBPury a. 1. A slight wanning, a 
hasty heat, a parboiling, ibid. 

S. A lounge orer a good fire, a slight toasting^ 

JdKKmfOdu [1. Slu^tly warmed or toasted, 
pttcbofled; as, t$tpU milk, UepU kaiL] 

9« ^ MeagTBi thin, hmng the fire,'' Shirr. GI.^ 


Weklllh»nldfiUj €h1t aa' tiM hnddcrai 
to Up Ihs lM«Uii*lBqia dMth o' a ooMhmMi to yoke 
liii MM* Jovnal from London, p» S. 

U. b^ tasM homo, O. Aiidr. Sibbw deriTot it 
from i^ib to WMBv to paiboO. 

To LEEP, V. a. To cozen, to deceive^ S.B. 

•«£m^ to dMa OM m s bmyim,'' GL Siirv. Monj. 

TUtSfffw mil it wwo MioUiqiio aeoM of the 

Wk tàM a àt^ Ì M g to hest; to trnrn oliAtly, ae. But I am 

ooBvtaMdtosft it h ndicaQy different. It eeems to 

toHgm with Tent, kept mitw ; oellidaa, 

r, ■nbdolu ; Kilian. Thie ne riewt m 

, ■• of Ibol lippaa» bleer-^ed ; becaoae, 

1m mj% thoee wbo sve blenr^yed, blind of one eye, or 

gonenlfar enfty end deceitful : Sunt 
I, usH pieninM|ae renipelleo, Tefri, 
■b lippin I leqpiffheifdt lippitado et 
mHiditM^ astntin ; k i^aa ^ petna ; et homo callidna, 
B4^ imp ia atfll need in both aigninoatiana. 

UaSFEB FAT, iM^. YeryfatyS-A. 

U Ml oofr. from Id. i^^Ur. kfyt/eU-r, prae- 

\ sr àlM-m^ ooi^gnlaie» q. to eudie, like what 

r^f; paAapa fkom C. B. lieipyr, flaccid, g^b^ 

amooOL aa we my Tvlgarly. that one^ akin ia lying i» 

Brè9wFJkt^^ 8. ^gP* i^Mlf aignifim a oreaae or fold. 

TiKitlll 1»;, «. The des^piation given by chil- 
dren to a faunp-lig^ter, AbenL, Edin«, Lan- 
aAs. rrhe light of a lamp, candle, Ac, is 
also eaUed a IhtU, Clydes.j 

Ptobably of Welah extnel C. B. Uemyr, ladianoa, 
OtnyrHiM^ to radiate ; lle«yr«A, iUunination. ULUori 
aiffiiflea a window. 

LEEBOGH, Lebrrach, «. 1. A term nsed 
in Ayrs. and borders of Ghdloway, to denote 
a peat-moss. ** Will ye gang a day to the 
lHuroeht'* Wm yon go to the moss and 
cast peats for a day f 

2. The site of an old honse, or the yestiges of 
— ancient battlements. Bestrews., Ayrs. ; the 
same with Lerroeh^ q. y. 

[3. A cairn, a mass of any material, ibid. 

4. An incoherent jnmble in statemeat, story, 
argoment, speech, or writing; Uerraeh, 

[Dan. and Sw. far], Id. leir, aigillai latam, ooennm ; 
te^g^t Itttnlentna ; Uirg^ ooUataie^ lutnlare. 

[To LEEBOCEl, Lebrrach, v. n. and n. 
1. To jnmble, confuse ; hence, to speak or 
write in a stnptd or rambling manner, S.; 
leerraehf Ban&. 

2. To repeat from memory without reference 
to the sense or bearing of the passage, 

3. 'With prep, aboot or atf it implies continu- 
ance Of the act expressed in senses 1 and 2, 

4. To speak in an unknown tongue, Banffs.] 


pari. pr. Used as each of the senses 
giyen under the v.] 

[LEES, s. Lies, lying ; letting^ Barbour, y. 
510, HenPs Ed.] 

To LEESE, V. a. 1. To pass a coil of ropes 
through the hands in unwinding it, or in 
gathering it in again, Ettr. For. 

2. The term is also nsed to denote the act of 
arranging a number of entangled bits of 
pack-thread by collecting them into one 
nand, ibid. 

3. To cather any thing, as straws, or rushes, 
neatly into the grasp of the hand, Boxb. 

**To Lmmt to arnqge^ to trim, to aort ;*' GalL Bno. 

To Leese oti<, V. o. To be prolix in narration. 
One who, in telling a stoxy. makes as much 
of it as possible, is said to Utn it auJt^ ibid. 

It ia giren aa ^ynon. with the t. fo Tome^ or Tomii^ 

A.-S. fe«-an» Kbenra, aotrera. Of thia v. we have a 
▼eatige in O. E. ^^Lennqe or loein« of thinse bown- 
den. Solntio.** FkomptParr. laL lev*^ id. Moea.-0. 
A.-S. Iia-aii» colliMeb oongra^ure ; AJem. Belg. <M-eNt 
id. Indeed E. iaoat aigninaa to gf 




[Lbesr, «. L a long piece of rope^ twine, 
Ac, S.; alaau • itrin^ a whipcord, Ac 

■4». •!: 

9. A long itretch of any thiiu^ as news, 
•peecht aignmeot ; as, a Utih alUsf ibid. 

liMÌflcl, Xenkoel; art oUmt fornix but properiy 
ÌBply ft rmj kmg ■teeloh. longtr thao a CwtA.] 

To Lbuh, V. fi. To move oaickly forward, 
to ttretch or step oat^ Banns., Aberd. 

8h« MM Ua iMdUA* op tiM amft 
An* tUaki iMT wyttkf I' tiM ihaft. 

W. BttUMB Tàkt^ p. SI. 

Ftobably from tfaa idM of applymg tiM i0«* or iMh. 

[To LsBBH or Lbb8Hach Aff, 1. To anroll, 


S. To bj off or tell all the newsi Banffs. 
8. To repeat from memoiy, ibidi 

Tho port* IswAhik or JjomfccicHni nf ii iiiod m o !• io 
oaoh ofthioo MOiOi in Booffkl 

[To Lbbsh Oh. 1. To walk or drive quickly. 

S. Wlih prep, ait^ to work with energy and 
^eecL ^ 

3. The/N»i.j^. is used as a •• in both senses.] 

[To Leish Oot. 1. To nnrol, to begin to 

S. To walk or drite quickly. 

8. The MfCpr. is used as a s. in both senses, 

hmk oof ioIko p ro p w ly to tlio huginning of tho 
tad LmA 0»» to taio oontinnanco of it] 

[ToLEESE,LEBZS,v.a. To please, ^tify, 
satisfy; often used in the imper. with the 
meaamj^ let me enjoy, dear to me is ; as, 
^O Imss me on my sphnin* wheel.'' V. 
Lbbzs, Lbi8.] 

LnsiNOi 9. Allaying, assuaging. V. Leif. 

la ia foor Giaot, Myth crop aad gimyaa. 
• QdUlk la aaa iMMur of my paaa. 

DmAmt^lSiamd BomM, p. 119. 

LbksomSi adj. 1. Pleasant. Y. Leifsum. 

t. Easily moved to pity, Tweedd. Y. Leif- 

LEESUMy adi. Lyin^ speaking in a lying 
or hyperi>ohcaI manner; as, **If it's nae 
ke^ it^s een unco Uuum like;** Boxb. Y. 
Ln, •• a lie. 

LEET, s. 1. One portion of many, a lot : 
aS| a lut of jMcKf, Im^, Ac, when exposed 
to sale» S. B. 

' **Ptoto an oatiaMtod by tha M. which ia a loUd 
bo4y pilad up liko briofc% 94 foot hm£ and 12 foot 
bfoad aft boSon, aad 12 foot high." P. PitaUgo^ 
Ab«d. 8«aliat Aoo., v. 101, lOL 

Thia tona ia aaad to daaoto a diviaioB ia an oblonc 
atoek of grain or doIm whioh amy bo takon down and 
Ihiaihod aft ooo ftmiOb wifthooft oxpoiiiig tho alaek to bo 
h^iofod by tho woafthar, Bonrieka. 

^'SooMÌtinoi^ howoYor, thoy (beoni} aro boilt ia 
obfeajB^ atocka, having iatomiptiona withoot apaoeo, 
dividing thorn iato portiono of oonvoniont atao for 
boiag Sinwhod at ooo timoL— Thoio long ataeka aro 
pcoTinoiaUy eallod Sowa, and tho aoparato divisiona 

Agr. Sarr. Borw. 

2. A nomination of different peraons, with a 
view to the election of one or more of them 
to an office, S. 

To pa on do last; to givo la oao^a aaoM ia oidor to 
Bominatton, S. 

" Aflor long dolay, aad mach thronginjL boing aot 
ia oorjiaooa, tiia Modonftor for tiio timo omred to my 

for tha alootion of a aow Modontor.** BaiUic^ Lott, 

8. The term is also used to denote a list. 

My Borchat'o namo vril plMs'd I Mw 

Anaog ths flhonn ImC. 
Wha an to ^vo BritaaSa law, 

And katp aar lighU oomplata. 

itainay't P o&m i ^ fl. 400l 

A.-a AMfl^ a loft. It ia aaad porhapa ia tho aooond 
ainaob ia rrf o r enoo to tha modo ia wnich poraona are 
oftaa ehoooB by loft. Mr. Maophoraon, howevor» oaoma 
to think that it ia oontraotad from eiyfa, aa fonnod from 
deal : ** liato of povMno chooan for an offioo nndor tho 
oontrool of a aaporior powor," boing " in 8e. oallod 
LulU ia 168S.** Maitland*a Hiaft. of Edia., p. 22S. 
V. Ltti^ Litb. 

To Leet, Leit, v. o. To put in nomination, 
in order to election, where there are more 
candidates than one, S. 

*' Aad to preoont aaa ieil to my Lofd [of] aaoht par- 
oooaoo ! and to UU and praa an t twa poraonnea with 
tha aald thaaanrar to tho tnoiaoraria of thoaaid eiotio," 
Ao. Acta Ja. VX, 1612. Ed. 1814, p. SIS. 

** Mr. David Oaldorwood — haa preaaad ao a now way 
of keting tho Moderator for time to oome, that pati in 
the hand of baaa men to got one whom they pleaae, to 
oar gTMift danger." Baime'a Lett. iL 261. 

To LEET, Let ok, v. n. To pretend. Y. 

To LEET, V. n. To oose very slowly by 
' occasional dropping, Fife. 

C. B. fiàld; a hamid atato ; leìiiUiats^ to dimolvo. to 

[Leet, s. A mass of liquid or moist stuff, an 
unseemly mass, Banffs. Leeiaeh is anoUier 

To LEET tut, V. a. To attend to^ Fife. 

"Doyothiaklwaaaabrad wi' Mr. Doig» at Folk- 
laa aohoolt wha ooaM haa learned the reiy kaea that 
biggit ia Ilia aald palace to apeak Latin, aa my aald 
gnmny latd, gin they had only ffeCerf tiU him t" Edtn. 
Month. Mi^, May 1817, p. 138. 

aB.-G. t^mlhL A/fcf^ andire, aorea adTorteio ; 
^CHaaditaa. Heaoo O. E. fiO, ficAe, IfOe. 

Now Uik aad lyrtea. aeatleBMB, Ae. 

Aim BM,Hre^9 ML, i. IIA 

LEET, f. 1. Language. Y. Leid. 




p« A long nunWing speech, 10011011, Ac, 

PLbbxacdb; «. iDOohereat, rmmbling, or 

ical talk; a looff rambling speech, 
•lorjr, or argnment, ibioj 

(To Lbstaob, v. n^ 1. To talk mnch in a 
rambling or nonsensical manner, ibid. 

9« With prep, o^, to delirer a speech, to re- 
peat ttouk memoiy, ibid. 

S» With prep, oiopl, at, to speak much but 
.; stmidly; to speak in an unknown tongue, 

4»' Burt. pr. iMtoeAtn, used also as a s. in each 
of the senses given, ibid.] 

[liKBCAOHnr, adj. - Much given to talking, 

LEETHFOW, adj. Sympathising, Boxb. . 
LEJSrrturO W, adj. Loathsome, dirty, S. B. 

•^We lift lh» old nblij carlj, an' the Iradderat 
viii^ to Mp tho |00<VC' keptt dMih o' a cnarhman to 
jtfco kb kofM.'* Jounol from Londoo, p. S. 

iL^ faa and /Wll 4. who* fiUi OQO wilh loothiiig. 

[LEXT-LTTE, s. A heavy fall, Banffs.] 

[To LpiT-LTTS, V. fu. To fall flat with 
vitdenoeb tbid.] 

[LxBT-LTTK, adv. Flat, flat down, ibid.] 

LEEVm LANE. Quite alone, Ayrs. 

«« I tert bon,** Mid obo, *«o'ir tho MO, bj my tevtii 
Imì^ for Doo ttbor ond— but to om tbo i^iioo whoro tho 
fpioS bottk WM fon^t and won." Tbo 8toamboat» 

nis OQtr. dlfl^ow Ibm ia porbHw PMiillar to Ayxo., 
in it la aaod oaly bgr tbo Tiilgor : tbo piopor pbraoo ia 

LEEZEME. V.Leisme. 

[LEFFYTy pr€L Bemained, became, Bar- 
bour, iv. 264. Misprinted leesed by Herd, 
and kujfi by Pinkerton and Jamieson. Y. 
aote^ Skeat^s Ed.] 

IdEFTfpreL Bemained; used in a passive 
Y. LxvE, V. n. 

[LEFT-ANE, t. The hugest bannock of a 
batchy ShetL] 

[LEFTIE, «. A clot or mass of dirt, ibid. ; 
SuirO. bifOf IsL lei/'Op A.-S. Ug/'onf to 

liEFULL, Leifull, adj. Lawful 

XitfUr la aow to bnk, but mart abodo. 

Tbo awono ftomjirif^ tbat I to tbo Qioikia mado ; 

A^ I9 dk tbaj papOl for to bato. 

TUi wwd ia aaod bgr Wid£^ 

«*TbydiaeiplMdoa tbafttbingtbaliaaot te^fiU to 
Hmm to do ob tbo SabotJa,— Ho Mt Iootm of propoo 
kiooa» wbidi Iootm it wm nol Is^ol to btm to oto.' 
Matt 18. 

*«2V«fl> [W.] Udtos'' Pologr. B. iii. F. 90^ a. 

Tbia ia dorivod from ie, law, QL Wvnt But it io 
qoootjonablo wbotbor it bo not froon «(/', Imto, and 
fiUl, 9. allowable, wbat may bo pennittod ; oapooially 
M it la ofton written kifiU, V. Xnuu, 

To LEO, V. n. To run ; a low word, S. 

Soma tpfBakias, or eooM laaMJiko flli, 

Ftet alt« bim tbqr <^ / 

Ab* moo j a day be nm uo bffla. 

He waa no fidily flflggit— 

IWratV PomM, pi. 70L 

8o.«Q. iodM, id., wbonoo lodboi^fl^ a nmner, a rmming 
footmaBj aoftonod into F^. laqmai^ ItaL laeM^ Hiap. 
loeayot &■ laequef. Ibxo Tiewa ìaeggp oma, tbo log, m 
tbo ooounon origin. 

[To Lbo on, V. n. 1. To walk quickly, S. 

2. To work with energy and speed, Clydes., 

3. To assist to horseback; as, «< Wait, an' Til 
Ugjoxiim^ Clydes. 

4. Part. pr. lewinron^ used also as a s. in both 
senses, ibid.] 

[Leo-on, è. Assistance to horseback; as, 
**' Man, stop an' gie me a Ug^on^ Clydes.] 

[To Leo ùoì^ v. n. To walk quickly, to walk 
as fast as possible, ibid.] 

[Leo-OOT, 9. 1. A quick or smart walk, ibid. 

2. Quick walkings Banffs.] 

[Leooin-oot, i. The act of walking quickly, 

To Leg otsoy, v. n. To walk clumsily, Ber- 

Poriiapa from a oommon origin 
tor ; 8a.-0. Ici^y^ oxtremitaa. 

E. La(ft to btt- 

Leo-bail, s. a ludicrous but emphatic 
tenn applied to one, who, when chargeable 
with any crime or misdemeanour, instead 
of waiting the course of law, or endeavour- 
ing to find bail for himself, provides for his 
safety b^ fli^t. It is said. He hat tane 
leff-bail^ he.f He reckons his Umbs his best 

8ae weel'a ba'd flay tbe stBdeate a', 
Wbn tbey were tkelpiii at tbe ba' ; 
Tbey took iea^Q, and laa awa' 
Wr pitb an' ipeod. 

Ftrfputrn's PotmM, U. 10. 

Tbo pbiaaeology ia oocaeionally varied. 

" IJmme Jfodbef.— Tbere were tome notoriona cba- 
laetera, wbo^ npon a general eearch, gave leg bail /or 
their honuity : Mt theee faitbfnl conatablea— expect 
tbat eomo of tbem will retnin to tbe ensuing marlcet, 
wbon tbey will be better reoocmiaed, and mav depend 
npon /ree onarferf.*' Edin. Conaapondont, Mot. 10, 




LEGAOIEy«. The state or oflBoe of a papal 

^TUt prior Mum Hèpb fn a i h ir lioir budiOM 
Vonuyi had gKUmad all m aabatanoa ol fl^Tii 41ft«H Be 
Ida liyadt." KtMOllia*a Groa., pw 200. £«9iK«*«ib 
■dii. 1728. 

LEQAG^IS, t. Supposed to aignifjr leakage of 
a ship, Ac. AbercL Beg.» A. 1535, Y. 15, 
p. 86. 

LEOATN'Air, «. One who, as bein^ an 
Archbishop or Bishop, enjoyed the rights 
of a Pi^al Legate within his own province 
or diocese. 

** JoluM ba tha maraia of Ood Arehbiaeliop of Sanet 
ABdvoa% Matnmditaii and Primat of the hail kirk of 
flootlaiid, aod of tha aait Apoatolyck XeyoliuuC, till all 
4 afaidiy Panoni^ Vieaii aad Cuz»ttia, apadAUv with- 
ia oar awin Diooy% and ganaraUy witliiii tha ooundia 
of al oar hail primada of Sootland, daayria graoa and 
aaaoa ia Ghriit Jaaa oor Salniour. ** Abp. Huniltoan'a 
OaifeaehiaBM^ Fwf. 

Snoh Arohfaiahopa or Biahopa wara daaignad Leoati 
KaH^ o. mafm Legalu^ aa it waa a right balon^g, in 
looaaaiOB, to thooa who praaided in aoeh pronnoea or 
di oeaaaa> Thaj wara fraa fiom tha jnriadtetioii of tha 
Laoilaa a UUart, Tha Arehbiahop of Ganterbory ia 
aouoi^adfad aa Legatm noiiif, in a boll of Pope 
Urban. A.ia78. y.DaGanga. 

TIm langnaga la atill ratained in Franca^ or waa ao 
tin TaiT liftaly. It ia applied to ooonaenora, legatee, 
aariiinal% Jko. Un tal arèqae eat CooaeiUer-ii^ d*im 
tal Pkriamani-iin tal PraUt eat Ltgai-M^ da S. 8i^. 
L'Abb4 da VandAme eat Cardinal-ii^ a droit da porter 
■Bohapaanwwigaaaraaaarmea. Diet Trer. va Aai(re. 
Thm idea obnonal j ia» that tha panon referred to haa» 
Ua offioa^ the aama righ^ which another haa, in a 

LEG-BANE, «. The shin, S. Callander's 
MS. Notes on Ihre, to. Laegg^ os. 

LEODOLLOR. Perhaps a doUar of Zd^e. 

"TUkan awaj— «f money too Ua daUorC* Deprad. 
oa tha Claa CbrnphaO, p. 81. 
Wa flnd» howavar, the phraae "ana leggU duOor ;*" 

nu.. pw 100. 

[LEOE, adj. Fnet full, nncontrollablc ; as, 
teg§ ponste, foil power, Barboor, v. 165» 
Skeafs Ed. Fr. Uae, from Germ. Udig^ 
firee ; Y. Bracket's Etym. Fr. Diet] 

LEGEN-GIBTH, $. V. Laoen-oird. 

LEGK}AT, Lbooet, Leooit, «. A stroke at 
hattdball, golf, Ac, which is not fair, or 
whichy on acconnt of some .accidental cir- 
cnmstonce, is not counted, is said to be 
leggaif Le^ nail ; Loth. 

LEGGIN, «• The angle within, between the 
side and bottom of a cask or wooden vessel, 

To Lip and Leooin. A phrase applied to 
drink in a yesseL When the Tesset is held 
oUiqnely, if the liquid contained in it does 

not at the same time touch the Uggin^ or 
angle in the bottom, and the lip^ or rim, a 
person may refuse to receive it, saying 
«« There's no a drink there, it 'ill no Up and 
f" Fife. V. Laqbn. 

LEGGINS, $. pL Lonff gaiters, reaching up 
to the knees, S.; evickntly from E. leg. 

*« Strong ohMited ahoaa. atoddad with hobnaila. and 
gmiBoehea, or Uggina, made of thiek blaok eloth, oom- 
pleted hia eqoipment.** Talea Landlord, iL 14. 

[^LEGIBLE, adj. Fair, equitable ; as, <«The 
twa made a legible bargain," Banffs.] 

LEGIER, «• A resident at a court, an en- 
voy, or legate. 

"Thia done he waa dimitted. Sir Robert Bowea 
atill aa Legkr,** Spotawood, p. 303. Liefer, 

Hame'a Hiat. Doni., p. 301. 
Corr. from L. & Uffator, or tegaiar-imi, lagatna, 

LEG-ILL, a. A disease of sheep, causing 
lameness, called also Black Leg^ South ot 


«' Black leg. Mr. Beattie. Leg iU^ Ut. Soott." 
Eaaaya HighL Soc, iu. 481. 

LEGIM, adv. Astride. To ride legbn^ or an 
legim^ to ride after the masculine mode, as 
opposed to sitting sideways, Roxb.; synon. 
etride^legs^ S. 

SQ.-0. laegg, laL legg'r, cma, the lag-bone ; perfaape 
q. laegg om, having the " leg around *^the hovae. 

LEGITI&I, e. The Uwf ul portion of move- 
ables to which a child is entitled on the 
death of a father ; a law term. S. 

'*Ko iegitim can be claimed by childroa but ont of 
the moreable eatate balonang to their father at the 
time of hia death." EnkT&at., B. iii. t. 9l i 17. 

Fr. UgiUme, L. B. fegiCim-o, para haeriditatia 
conatitnta. Da Cange. 

LEGLIN, Laiolin, «. A milk pail, S. The 

wooden vessel to which this name is given, 

has one of the staves projecting as a handle. 

It ocenra in that beaatifiil old aong. The Fkmen if 

At blights tn the morning naa blyth lads era •ooraing. 
The Unas are kmelr. dowia and waa ; 
Naa daffln, naa gàbbin, bat sighing and sabblog. 
Ok ana lifts harTeof ia, and bias har away. 

Ritmrn'M & Smgi, ÌL t. 

In a traditionaiy reraionof thia aon^ the aacond line 
ia atiU mora emphatic^ 

But wooers are mnklad, Uart, and gny. 

Taut ieghelf id. lagena ; IsL UiglU, ampulla ; Sa.-0. 
taegeL Alem. ÌaaeikL, Dan. lejfel, doliolnm, a email 
barraL Ihra dednoea theae worda from Lat. lapenula, 

lal. UigiUt ampollai aeriai aaaumea a form atill nearer 
in dat. pi. UignnuM, Her gutlar à leglinwmt "It 
ehiMk$, or gogglea in the legtin,** V. Haldoraon, va 

LEG-0'ER-IM, adv. Having one lee over 
the other ; or, as a tailor sits on Us board, 





LBOPOWSTER. << Ane testament maid be 
irmgnhiil Ales' Kay bazter in inn Ug 
pamUr.'' Aberd. Beg^ V. 24. 

AìmUanmaù^t^iatmmopkamB Liege PauaUe^ 
"aililt €f Iwallhy in oonindiitiiiotioii to deatlibad. 
A pHMtt pOMMMd of tho lawful power of diaponiiiff 
Urn ImMms gplaiCai » Mid to bo m Uege poueUer 

Ib-LEICHy V* fk To be "* boond or coapled 
at iMmnds arey"* L. Hailes. 

Iho tnMtfi win flBth, and wm Bot Ifjdk 

4MdL OMBy Ahi0», p. 181 

& ImiI^ Btlf. Sb.«0. he, Fr. lefte. Skiimer oos- 
Lolb fagMM^ a nanb M ibo oonmum origm. 

IìEICHE;«. Aphjsiciaiu Y. Lsch. 
[LncHORAiTy «• Medical skill or treatment. 

gorm to ICMwlaao tho borboiu; at tho kin^s 

ICaxciJ, for tho Uieharqft done be him 
tottolitabofaof theChalmiie^xlo." Acete. L. H. 

L 68. Sd. DiokMHi.] 

JaMumnsaf Leichment, «• .Medical aid, S. 
T<»iCHiimiT. •• Cure of diseases. Y • under 

UID, Lkdb, «. People, folk, nation. 

"^ Md ttow help theim that wiJd put the to deidf 
XMbm Mid. '' Ylia, thai ar nd SoottiaiDtti.'' 
JSem wOL aaic^ " Q^i ; wertf thow may ken. 
Had thaj htne gadtUL aayi we had beyn. 
Be IMM heyr the eeatrar now ia aern ; 
lor thai me hajt nana Sotheroim I€mIL 

WtUlace^ z. 827, US. 

L«^» ^I aM moM hated bj the Scota of Bote'a party 
bj the jMqp/e of Enj^aiid. " 

ia aaed in tho same aeoM in pL bj Dong. 

in faKt lai«ia in lead to hmoh qnhat thame leff ia. 

^^ FiryO. 888» a. 81 

▼• ant wora* 

U3D, Lbds, ». A man, a person. 

And thM he wxait than in till giet honour. 
To Wilyham Wallace m a ooDoueroor. 
« O lowit teU with woieehip wyaa and wicht, 
"■— I wenay help in hekfya of the rycht'* 

WaiUue, Tk 1886» Ma 

a tede of the Lawe, in londe ia not to layne. 
air thuptm tmd Sir Otd,, I 7. 

i«^, *«fliiahabitaaftof thotomb." Y. Law, a. 1« and 

àad M tiUa Ifuf at the laat liggand me seia. 
With aae hike anlnfanm he tent me ate woiudia. 

Ihm^ VirgUg 886, a. 81 

OL K hede^ id, ^ynoo. with tefc 

lad M aoBo tUa Samaritan had ayght of thia Ucde, 
Hi ly^ downe of liarde, and ladde hym in hja hand ; 
And to tte tPfe he went, hia wonndea to behofde. 
~ pereaiaad by hya polae. he wm in perel to dye. 

>. Pi4mgkman*e Fmoa, FoL 62, a. 

LImrde, tm i^paan from the connexion, denotM the 

€■ whifià uie Samaritan rode. Thia, aa Tyrwhitt 

WM a common appellatÌTe for a horae, from 

ito jmr oolonr. Note, Cant. Talea, ▼. 1145. 

A.-& ieod^ oomea, MtoUee, homo ; a poetical word, 
Hiakoa. U. ^ 8n.-0. Ud^ mUM. Thia aeema onlv 
a iMtiiuted, if nol a aeoondary MnM of Sa.-0. lyd, lid, 
hmd^ U. Uod, A.-8. leod, popolna ; Germ, /carte, Belg. 
Bafm, CL & Umtd, gene, natio» turba. The modem 
Shb hi^ m denoting a yonng man, aeema radically the 
MBeu It ia indeed naed by Ulph. in the componnd 

^w^iV^B VVH^I^WB^HwWvwa vgv A**^^'^*'^M 

Thie word aeems to have been of genend 
both Gotha. and Celta. For beaidea the C. B., Ir. 
QaoL ImM, folk, ia defined m co r r M p ondin g with Let. 
gmte: and It. Uaehd^ '*a grMt many, a mmtitade,'' ia 
probably the aamo term a little Taried. Ir. OaeL ■ 
eleaehd^ or atiocAi, a tribe, may bo merely Uoeld or 
ImcM, with the aibilation prefixed. 

LEID, 6. A conntiy, a re^on. 

Te ar welonm, enmly king, aaid the kene knyght. 
Ay qohfi yow lUda, and Uat, to luge in thia UuL 

0amM and ML, L IA 

This may be an obUqne aenM of A.-S. ieod, m pro* 
pmrly aignuyinff a people, henoe tranaf erred to the ter- 
ritory iwiaDÌted by tnem ; A.-S. ieod'ffeardt a region. 
Id. tauid, howerer, aignifiM terra, Mlom. 

LEID, Lede, «• 1. Language, S. B; It 
also assumes tlie f onn of Lead and LeetL 

Strophadea in Orew leid ar namyt sc^ 
In tne grete ae standing ilia toa 

Loug. VvrgO, 74, 88. 

L%,9 the Greek toogne. 

Traaalait of new, thay may be red and soona 
Oner AlUoon ue into your ndgara leae, 

Jhid., 460, 61 

'^HkhmdhMttoamMd;" 8.Ptov. 
Leei is need in the aamo 

Let matroM romd the ingle meet, 
An' Join ibr whiak' their moaa to weet. 
An' in a droll aald-£urant Uet 
"Boiit fUiye oack. 

Mcrieen'e Poeme, pu 77. 

AIm they oonld apeak anndrie leocUi." 
Cron., p. 247. Langiuigee, Edit. 1728. 

'Twaa that grim goaaip, chandler-chafted want, 
— Oar'd him cry on thee, to blew throw hia pen. 


Wr letd that well might help him to come ben, 

itoira MeUnere^ HveeaUom, 

2. In Ude^ literallv in language, an expletive 
frequently used by Thomas of Ercildoune. 
Scott views it as '^synon. to / teU yauT 

Meneatow never t» lede 
nought lain. 

^S^ IWffrna, p. 88, at SOL 

i.e., ** Thon mvat not tell a falaehood in any reapeot." 

Sudd, ia ancertatn whether to refer thia to A.-S. 
lrorf,jpeople ; Belg. fiecl, aaonff ; A.-S. hlydan, to make 
a noiae, a/yd, a tnmnlt ; or Toediea, leden, Latin, the 
lemned, the bMt and moat oniveraal language* and 
thorafora, by way of eminence, m he imamnee, taken 
for language in generaL Sibb. profera the mat of thcM 

It may aeem to confinn thia derivation, that ao lato 
M tiia age of Chancer, Uden ooenre in the aamo aenae. 

Thia tain kinaea donghter Cenace, 
That on hire anaer bare the aucinte ring, 
Thojgh which ahe onderstooa wel every thing 
That any foale may in his ledeH lain. 
And conde anawere him in hia leden again. 
Hath nnderstonden what thia Cauoon aeyd. 


Tyrwhitt obeenrea, that Danto naed Latino in the 
aamo aenae. It may be added, that A.-8. /ydm, ia 
Bometimea need to denote the Latin lanffua^, and abo 
language in general ; lingua, aermo. Kothwithatanding, 
M our word atill oocura without the termination, it 
aeema doubtful whether it ahould not rather be traced 
to 8n.-G. Uud, aonua, or lyd-ti, aonare. Ihre deducM 
it from the latter. The um of the Su. -G. v. Ima a atrik- 
ing analogy } Orden Iffden eaa, ito aonant Torba. V. 




LEID, Leds, Lum, #• A song, a laj. 

Sm MUM lÌM MBsli* dftodt, Uii», And roandii, 
With fwta mUL qoUl aU tlM d«lt rMoaadiik 

Badd* lyM oficlooktd thk vwy Mioiaat woid. It 
tMDB fai anollMr fona, m oied in the title of a poem 
uoMynnil oatfao deA of Sir Riohud BCMtlud aod 

••i^iklof tfaenid Sir Riohard: aad hia Lady* who 
died «a hia Voiial day." Maitland Fdema, p. 363. 

Ife. PiakertOB haa obMnred, that **Lemdu9 waa 
a aoft of ode among the Qaale^" and that "it teeme 
ta^vo beeaof thooMMinifal kind." Ibid. Note, p. 
dtt. Of thiib howofo r, tiiere ie no eridenee ; aa far ai 
fpeoaa judge from the veetigea still rtmaining. Lhoyd 
■itioM Ir. Iifidk^ aa nmplysignifnnga long; a poem s 
QaeL laeidl. The term leema to haTO been general in 
Iha Gothio dialeoti; A.-& hotk, Uoih. oarmen, odeu 
noMBm Thia waa a geaerio word, the adj. oonjoined 
dettimiaingthepartiimlaraenae; ae, iddieoth^ frivolam 
oaiBiin, h(((in(mt\ aùUtaro oannm. Henoe iee<A- 
frftta, a poet, iitemlly a aong-wright ; as plaf-iorighi 
ia atOl neea in B. lor one who oompoeee playa. BeUr. lied^ 
SMagorbaUad; uibm tli e d, alove-eong; krupUtfi Ued, 
tm tpithalamiuint or wedding tong; kerden Ued, a 
paitend eoao. laL kttod, Uadi a song^ TerMi, metre ; 
faiUeei^ liner cantionnm, IrJaCA-oa ia an old Gothio 
word, agaifring to aqg. Henoe, aa would appear, 
Moea.-Q. aw<fa<foa,topraie%tooelebrate. V. Ihre, 

I an T***'*^! with O. Aadr., to derire thia term 
from U. MIodL Toioa, kiM-a, to rsMond ; Sa.-0. Umd, 
Umia; eepecially aa tierm. Ia«<-€a ie need ia both 
OMMM, aonai% leeonare ; caneie, eonom modolaic, live 
id fiat 9K% aÌTO inetramento : Fnmo. IìmIhmi, caneie ( 
Waehtir. F^om thie aenae of the word, he addi, are 
dmivod tiie namee of aongi, aetor% and moiical inatm- 
BMBti, in aumy langoagea. He mentions Lat. lUmuBt 
lnir'*ft a trnmpet. vereL oscplains IsL hUod as 
eqaally algaifyiag onatoa and sonos; although the 
latter m anqoeeMiably theprimary sense, as appears 
from Saorro Starlesoa. v. Von Troil*s Letters on 
leelaad, p. 317. IsL loddari, lodio^ a pUycr. Mr, 
taba; Germ, laate, tsstndo^ (E. fate/, ikd, centos. 
ltd. iai, Wt, E, k^. may be meraly the Gothio or 
Oeltio tssm softened in pronnnciatioo ; although, it 
meat be obserred, that A.-S. iegh and Uff are ussd ia 
the ssBse of caatioaBB. 

LEID9 LiED| •• A kid of a thine, is a 
partial idea of it. One is said to nave a 
ieid ot *on|^ when he knows part of the 
woidsy S* B« 

Whether this is allied to the prsoeding word, see 
ShallwerBferitto/iM,ajoint? X€yfooci 


im Chroo. Sax. for the 


of a i** ^ft"^ mjiwtlwqtt^ 

LEED, «• Saf e-«ondact| or a state of safety. 

Off his BMdyr tithsadls wir brooht him till, 
Thst tym befar soho hsd left Orislo. 
Ibr fiiifftiTrtn ia It seho durst not oe. * 
Wm Uuas disgmt scho post ia pUgimme weid, 
8am gjith to sea to DnnfarmlTu icho yttd ; 
SAass hyr hsd so socht iu to thst ttsd. 

seho wes, God tuk hir tprait to lekL 

Wùttmo^ iz. 162S, lf& 

8a.-G. \M^ Germ, leii; ffà/è^^ sianify safe conduct. 

or the liberty of goiog to any place and rstumiog 

iaJuT. Aus, Su.-G. islommoL kempa làd^ is 

used with leepeet to those who^ being at a 

withoBt iaji 

from home^ have the public isith pledged for 
Mil-a, iegi^ salvum conduotum 


Nisi ills aittsrst dnoss iUamis, 
Qal ipsam sslvum prssstsrsnt 
CXren. Jtkgtkm,, p 864, sp Ibrs, 


Le., "Uolem he should send Mcf-mea, or guides of hia 
journey, who should oonduot him in safety." 

Henoe aho UUebt^ft Isttere of safe ooaduot It 
seems uncertain, whether the term Ieid has its origin 
from IsL leici-a, to lead, or Germ. M-cn, to depart. 
Wechter has observed, that Belg. lyde, and hence 
overipd, denote a departors, and metaphorically death ; 
oveWcedra, deceeaed. The aaoient Lombards used lido 

as simpW signifying death. 
The idea 

snggMted by the term, as used bv Blind 

Harry, is oTÌdently that God receÌTed the soul of the 
mother at Wallace into his protection. Aooording to 
this Tiew, a oontrsst is stated,, happily enouafa, not 
only between her dangerous situation while at Blrisle, 
and the gffrik or saactosry she sought at Dunfermline: 
but OTen between the latter, and the more secure 
sanctuary she obtained with God. 

LEID, 9. A load, Aberd. 

LEID, «. Lead (metal), AbenL Beg. 


The Bsgsat then asrt mak aae prohibitioua. 
To Woe ths spatlys fader pans of deid : 

He earis for na thing bot the kingis monitioa ; 
As for the koe, thair was botlytiU MdL 
Segt £dÙL Càdd^ Potms SixtuiUh CmL, p 2S5. 

The eense seems to be, "ss for the rsst^ there waa 
little ooooem.'* But I know of no similar word, which 
can bsar this sense. It i% therefore^ probable that the 
author had written keid^ ie., heed, attention* 


LEn>, «. A mill-race. Y. Lade. 

LEID. Brewing LM^ a utensil formerly used 
in brewing. 

" He that is riehteous air— may, be rsesoon of air- 
aehip^ challenge— the best brewing ÌM^ the mask fat, 
with tabk barrellis, and kid-gallon," Ae. Balfour's 
Pract, p.234. 

This M the translation oi—MeUuM pbimbum cum le 
amrffst, Mnoam, barrsllam, lagenam. Leg. Burg. c. 
126^ 1 1. Whaterer waa its use, this Tossel was, eri- 
deatly, made of lead. 

"Ana mekill Ieid, aae litiU leid^ tua litsaltis, tua 
oruikia, k ana schuiU." Aberd. Rm., A. IMO^ V. 91. 

It ssems doubtful whether it has oeen denominated 
from Um metal of which it was made, or from Teat. 
laede^ GeroL iocie^ Su.4}. iaada, cista, theea, locula* 

To LEIF, V. n. To believe. 

He WW asns Isvaad Ieid npons loft lent, 
Nouthir had aa hMi ; l«(^ye the lele. 

Ctowsa ami <ML,L e. 

ie., ''belieireTothe troth, or what ia tsstilled by an 
hooiMt person.'' 

I win aot do that sya t 
Xs|f TOW, this wsrid to wya. 
' MwnUng Uaidin, IfaUL Poeme, p. 208. 

ICr. EDis ez^ains it '* Lots you I a mode of ad- 
dress." Spec. £. P. iL 37. But it certainly means. 
*' Believe you, be assured ; " and is to be viewed aa 
the language of the ifaafla, althouah otherwise printed. 
It seems to be the same with 0. £ feae. 

Be here sll the Lcmlee Uwee f quod L Tea Ifui no, 

he eavd. — 
Le here ta my li^pe^ that Icaetf oa that ehsrme, 







Jattlh. ma J«dM MaoliAlwaiL 
n. thoMwA teiU* iMth. 

• F» ^tUfiWii— , FoL 91, ft. K 

1k» krt liHk ifllr Ind to li(rto Ut m. 

U lfr-«^ te-a hif^ irf-wa, M08I.-G. /^noii. 
1.-8. Mm^ eMI^Wm/id. Iflcfed; kfl. 

— "'TIm iòfamàtk cnmaqrMtìiift ftnd the feiTwith 
nidiiAlft." LiTwtarMibA.164^p.l00. V. Lìltb. 

liHF, IiBin; «• LeaY6» permissioii, [alBo dis- 

A IPMMHI IfM of Hm KtWtoOB of kjTj 

ktai «io vwlfrft ha WW fSdlyn thar, 

I ifoht bwly Ihaim basodit. 
Mto Bicht tUft with him hjr. 

lb «JM a jiirMMl Xf^ or Z€ar^ to dismiss or 
widharge from aenrice; aphrase still com- 
voolj usedt Sb 

*<8qI» dbohMnit Imt of Ur iftid Mcmoe ftDd <^hir 

To Lnr, LniT, Ltf, V. «• To lire. 

TUIIkonM Mdd, Umb aiQ IlftTiu mar 

' utfrtkirtbfttNiv. 

huimi^ fi, 8S9; us, 

Xilfli ttT AmH M BMtor of thj oon, 
Xiff Ib fldt waild, fti Dot ftT to rrauuM. 
■Mill to fcyatfi with allcht an «1 thy fofoflu 

Drn^ Virga, 865, «, Sa 

8L ttf-^OM^ ■amflw mpBrtMi, to ba kft, to re- 
I ia% wi w f | yiwi^ Mpentei^ remftnena, lÌTÌii^ 

' niMnitiiff I 
8b.^. 10m. If 1/-«, A.-S. (kAicm, Belff. fev-«n, 
IdL II te httUj (RMUa thai thn ia maraly ft aaoon. 
dnj MBaa oi laa v. aigvfymg to laftYa ; like Lfti. mp^ 
toba. €rTCnaia,OTar» iaL» to ba (0, whila oihan 


LEIFUJLU oijf. Lawful. Y.Leful. 
LEDPy L1XF9 <>4r« 1* DoaVf beloved. S. 

WiwhiaBil OB tha iMrtall aadant wan 
. IkiifarthaOvillatohirl^aiiddara, 
Al T^ofa laftf tyaa aoha lad bafova that day. 

S. WìIEd^ net reluctant. 

kith or If^, 
ayaDdtha waM, 

^^ ihtm- Fwrt in, a. 


Alftaa I ooBid wUitIa, oaatfly aa thay 
lb awaaft, aa thay till*d my nigxit clay. 
Bil Mwl woft'd Of M«a auirtleBd my logi 
lb taMkaa pftddocka craaUK r tha boga. 

Jnrgminm't Fo$m», iL 1. 

A.4L W; U^ Uùm.JQ. Uuba, Tnnc Ikbo, 8a.-0. 

A/, laL ifi/«^ Bals. U^^ Qonn. lìeòy caraa, amicua, 

. Wftobtor TMwa tha t. Uèb-^n^ amara, aa the 

IiBOBUify adj. 1. Fnyper, desirable; [also, 
lawful; Lgmdsajrt Experience and Court- 
6oiir,L4574. Y.Lesum.] 

Mftk tUaUa tho« If0iiai i^ thai IVoiaaia in tea, 
VlolMioa to amka with bcandiii of mortaU wara 
Agaaia Lalynin— 
Qnhal haUb tho« If^MM, aa I pny tha, aay. 

Jhng. Vwrl. m,.4i. SO. 

S. Zmsohm^ which is evidently the same word, 
is now used in the sense d plectHuU, S. 

O aaar will bar ma ligi o* bnd, 

bay ma ihaop and hja, 
Bui tha^taodar haart o' UemuM lora^ 
Tha towd and aiUar oauw boy. 

3. Easily moved to pitjr, Tweecfd. 

Ta wivaa t wbaaa Immme haaita aia tiidn 

To gal tha poor maii*8 blenin, 
Toor tmmpit giniala diima bain, 

WhaTa giaa willna'ar ba miidn. 

JIml y. NicoTs Amsm, L 27. 

Dignoa, Virg. aa trnfej^ for indtgnu^ p. 4IS. Thia, 
ftooording to onftlogy, aboald ba tha oomparatÌTO of 
A.«S. Uaf, oania, and anal, aa unleif ia A.-S. imletif, 
non dilaetna, odioaiia. It aaama radically differant f roaa 
ietmm, q. t. aa well aa need in ft different 

"LEIFlTfadj. Discreet, moderate; Selkirks. 

**Tlie ewea had bean Tory manaafa' that niflfat, they 
had }ii8loomed to the mereh and nao farther; aae» 
I aaya^ pair thiogi, ain ye hae been aae ie{fii^, we'll ait 
down and real ft whUe, the dog ftn' me, ftn' let ye tok 
m plnok ftn' fill yeraeb or wa tara ye back up to yonr 
Oftnld laivB again." Bkownie of Bodaback, i. 141. V. 
LftRHiow, of whioh thia aaama to be merely n oormpt 

LEIL, lAOLBf lasLBj adj. 1. Loyal, faith- 
fal; n»pectiiig the allegiaiice dae to • 
sovereign, S. 

Qoharfor, ayr Kloft by the hie goddis abooe,— 
And by the fidth ▼nfilit, and tha M0 lawtè, 
Oif it with mortall folkit may ftmdao be, 
Hane ranth and pietia 00 aa fÌBÌll hannM ameit ? 

Anv; FtfyO, 48^ 20. 

M a kmnn e and great Oneie 
To him obeyed, and made bim homage led, 

BmrdwHtiOmm., F. 191, b. 
Le., trae futh. 

2. Kight| lawful; as enjoined by authority. 

Oora Kyng Alyaawndyr tok Maigret, 
The dowrhtyr of thia Kyng Haniy, . 
In-to Mf mattimony. 

irynteMH tiL la 24. 

— Vnto Jono of Aigo our aaerifraa 
Maid raoaraatly, aa Halanaa ti bad, 
Obaoring wele, aa ha commandit had, 
Tha aarimottia M&L 


Jvaaos honoie% ViigiL 

UnUa ia need in the aame aenaeof nnjnat, vnrighteona. 

Lotdla ar left huadlaa ba enlrff Uwia. 


Lyne throogh lelf balena, and kva aa God wytnaateth. 

P, Pkmgkmm^ F. S8, a. 

3. Honest, upright ; as denoting veracity in 
testimony, S. In this sense kill and Ìoyall 
are synon. 

«« Oif the prieal anyea, that the thinff challenged waa 
bred and ▼porooht in hia booae, he aall nocht be heard 
to ftlledge tiie aamine ; hot gif he prove the aamine be 
the taettmonie of thrie kmaU men.— He aall verifie the 
be the teatimoniftll of feiU men, qnhft knnw the 





«0 U «C wttM.** Bif. ICaJ. B.. L a 10; 1. S. 
ì7mìiI k iMd Ia IIm auM MBM fai tiM foUowiag 

S^ Mft wOl Mm Ito tfaAt't iMt 

Mmf9 Mdmmn, pb 79, 8QL 

4» CKving to everjr one Us doe ; as opposed 
to chiceneiy or theft. 

And ftm iMMS ftuth te Ml Willi btiF tad M 
Btf th tMf pntlrt. ud Ml BMB Uf« in lie 

flÌMt ■ftthng'a aw% ■■ «t out km. 

<* It is kMd lor « CMdy «7« to 1ukv« a Iral ÌMMt ; ** 
BMBM/t 8. Pfeov., p. 46. '^Speer at Jock Thief, if I 
bi a ImI miB;** Fbiganpli & ffeOT., p. 29. 

5. A bal Hroti. One that hits the mark; 
oaed both litendl v and metaphorically, S. B. 
Li, this aense, althoogh figuratively^ it is 
applied to maledictions. 

Bnos MMl^ teUic; sdT. hoBMlij, fwthfidl J ; Acte 
sCFteL, psH. 

Bot ^WMIUp M JfM MlV^JBd Ot ft, 

Hat wTHiyi ptfM «ff ehcwttlrr, 

^■^^^■^^B ^V^^^^^^B ^^^^r^VS^p VHHH^BB^^^^B ^^^^^^K^^m 

Bm^m , iiL ne, na 

Ol X. Mir, tnd J. 
Iks ptopktt Ut ptM PHtad] ate, in penaaact and 


»ia|iith,ao djd otiiar manya, 
MIy, htaBMloda la fbU aatr. 

P. i^lsiigilaMHk P. 88L a. 


Tbk Una li emitted in adit IMl. 
JMf k alao naad adTariwdly. 

— Bada M< and tak fiidt kirt k tyoML 

ikiy. TtfpO, 484, 29. 

- TUs pkiaaa ako aigBÌIka % aanart or aarera atroke, 
what k altao ealkd * *« IMMM atraka^" a B. 

Aa' aa tkat dsalh Ul jna iMad 

Sad anma dowa daw bfekar ; 
If tkara ba goda abooB, ran Mtf 

Hall fat ttaai IhI aad afekar. 

iVMia m Ilk JNmAm Dialed, p. e. 

With that atepp'd «Mirafd lUkdi— 

A tal ahat aEOad at tka ooek, 

Wkiak akafM tka WMMT by. 

/ka tfd wa ' a flkwat, p. 1S7. 

Xcffalarv haa baan azpL fiiU ahara. Batitaaama 
proparlj to signify daa proportion, aa baknging to 

**I kat« bad my Irol ahara of wronga thk way.** 
P^daa's life by Walkar. p. 1S4. 

O. Rr. leoli; loyal, traa^ faithfol, bonaat; ItaL Mi 

LxiLy <M^'. Smartly, severely, AbenL 
LsLXLTy Leult, Leltlt, adv. Faithfully. 

Tbair fkadachip woaz ay amr and oar ; 
Vor ba aarvyt ay leWy, 
tha totfiirfldl willfany. 

" ■ %ÌLin,lfa 

**Tha amd William tnk apona bim ft maid faith to 
minktar le% tbairintiU aa affarit of kw." Act. 
Andit., A. 1480, p. 135. 

Thk bad aTÌ«l«ntly baaa pronoonccd aa a woxd of 
thraa arllablaa; [yal^ lely ooean in Barboor, i. 436^ aikd 

LEILL, J. A sinrie stitch in nuurking on a 
sompfar. A àimbU Uill is the goins over a 
single stitchy which makes it more lasting, 

To LEIN, V. n. To cease. 

It ooean in a oorioaa attampt at wit, at tha azpenaa 
af Laadardakaad Bothm. 

Bat SeoUaad'a plagaaa, a pkgna of Dakat : 
But tbay'ra ann Dakaa aa toon do tyva 
To plaaa togathar k ona myra. 
Ana 80 tha ona tha otbar oat pakaa. 
Which makai foUL think thay^ aU bot DrakM.— 
Par parsing tiaM. and aU tha yaar, 
k ona to tham. taay navar ieia ; 
Harfoat and Hay tuna thayYa aa kaan 
In thair debating, aa it 

After tha kat^ 

Cfafaarf'a Acaii^ p. 96b 

V. Lusr. 

To LEIN, t^. a. To oonoeaL V. Latne. 

To LEIND, Letnd, Lenb, Lbnd, Lent, 
V. n. 1. To dwell, to abide. 

And, onhffl him liUt thar to Imd, 
Baiiilk day thai aald him aayad 

BManr, UL 747. XSi 

A ^nhUa te Eairyk l^rMffl ha. 

JML, T. 129, HSL 

— AU tha wyk I waild ar at hk anna will. 
How to loga^ and to I q fm f , and k my knd UhL 

OawaMMdOoL^l 12. 

Mr. Pink. Tiowa leaf aa ayiioii. 

Hare k oar doalUnge place <iahare we mil Ujfnd, 
Per to remaaa here k oar contrè heynd. 

/k«9L Virga, 909, la 

It k freqoently wed in thk aenea in Sir Egetmort, 
Edin., adit. 1508. 

By awaht wokk war comyn till ende, 

of Vgyp aan he Icyn^ 

nk flun take hk awa way 
Qahan that hym lykyt to kgmU, 

Tkna k Aiteaa ar thai UnL 

Mr. Pink, calk thk aa Kagliah metrical romance. 
But from tha orthography, aa wall aa from Tarious 
worda which oocnr ia it, aa giren in thk edition, it ap- 
peara at kaat to baTO been idtered by a Sootaman. 

Tha tana k oaed, bowoTer, by R. jBnume. 

He went fato Wyneheetre, hk oonaeik gaf him so. 

Unto the e o me m e t i de tber gan he lende, 

rjv and thritty bataika had he brooht tilk ende. 

P. lA 

Tani we now other weye vnto oar owen gt»te. 
And ipeke of the Wakys, that Uee k the foreste. 
In the formt he ienda of Boanfennelyn. 

Lemaed aaama to ba aaad in the aama aenee, P. 

Waa neaar wMit aa I want, that me wysh ooultl 
Where thk made temgtd leeee or more.— 

I— prayed hem for charitie, or they passed ftariher. 
If tiiey knewe eny 

When that DoweU d 

or cont^e aa they went, 

PoL 99, b. Pass. A 

2. To tarry, to wait^ to stay. 

He mid, Allaoe, I may aa longer Uind / 

Sen I my twa beet ftienda coath aamy : 
I can nocht get a fMend yet to my pajr, 
That dar now tak in hand, for ome thing. 
With me for to compeir befoir yon king. 

PrimU^FMiB, SP.iL,l 41. 




Ifaw fUu imiwm tUi fPHd for •gpliàiHnn, Bsl 
it pnoMj ^ «■» Mia tfas foUowiog 

II ii BOliHr wflfErto Im4; 
ftar I vwA tM M BM M kml 

Hm tkfUdA day oTIUj. . 

J^^ JW% BttM't& IL Bflm., ÌL 1«. 

/flrfl Mid lM(an tppmnl^aMd in tlie iHM MBM 

—Hk fB«k lain llM liekft : tad, HÌHffttxto idiawlB, 
IMd kHM to tfadr iMBl, ud to tÌMir hiyrteT, 
Qikdr thip «« w»t to fMMBt, 
Aad Ihw low allMi 

Hi flnr siM bviad liid noatlolllnL 

S. To oontmiie in woj state; applied to the 

tibt kdii oa th« loft ia iM^MT WW faOL 
tko lortk. oa tho tothir iido. ftar lUdiw thoT IoocIl 

Ommm mmd ML, !▼. d. 

dodaooo thio v. firom A.-S. 
; 8il>b. with laoca ploaribility, from 
ttMloL oooHwo. Bat^ al&M^ tbw wmd 
ijgBÌnoo to otom M oa a jowiioy ; it doeo 
aol oooB to oooar in tho ooBoo off ponaonoat raoidonco. 
ttaawt bo odmowlodgod. IwwoTor, tiiat A.-& bUmud 
io ■MidoioJiiiholiititiit ; Lyo. BatitiomoropRibablo 
^ tiiio word praaorily oaoaitod to ronuyn ondor 

of oonoe 

to kdgo m a plaoo of oonooaimoat ; from IiL 

to oonoeal, leJad^ hidiag, Idm^ lorkiag-plaoob 

ialooai aL lemd-cr. 

r, kofroTOTt tnoag thio tern to ItL loicf-a, 

mM ton ; a ■oooadory wmm off tho v. ao pri- 

■aiiljr rigni^ÌB^ aaTom f^poQon^ to load. 

tliii 9» m ooBToyiag tho 

At tha frfidii lUn ofUr, liat Boyli or 1 
AB Mrtii mad bfTdii of diom calloan 
idr ia tiM bndo loeUi 
batldi honk Iqfndtf vad« tho tpny, 
lyltaoo doplt qohorothof hù^. 

firaai this aoo off tho word wo n^ght oappooo that 
Iks a S. sad & pfavMO, MNdo* lAo fia{ won originoUy 
iksai MM» oorort, htdÌQfl^ vathor thoB from tho /tmifa 
Irooi woroaoltlioUttorotymoaooafimodbythoiuo 
sffariadhraiodooffoiBroMioaÌBlaL V. Lisa. 

UEINE, s. [Leg. Leine*] 

Haffl bdy off aU lodiii, UehlMt off ImM / 




ht^ hmt, gfoam* aad bano feaw^ ai ia MS. Tho 
hao booa tot writtoB* barao lyaM^ ia lis. ; thon 
daUtod, aad iemtt pat ia ito plaoo. 

pjad Ihroppit poilt, aad oatlif ply,— 
dkpyt thilr floKh. thoa ipioit of Oy. 


tho loibarlahw of thy loaslnwiif crrif. 




It dooa aot smmst wholhor thio bo a ooporlatiro 
from laoa; or a kiad off partioipio from ▲.-& slMa-«»» 

LEINFOU, Lbinfou-hbabtit, odL Kind- 
hearted, feeling compassionate^ AbenL 

Tkia amy bo alliod to Bolg. iemig, tiaotabK ooft ; 

SB.-Q. ka» moUio ; Daa. liad; oolt» mUd» floatik too- 
dor, oompaarionato ; IiL A/oaao, f avoro, Gmio toUo ; 
fia"<L lomro s whonoo linkuuL alio MinHnti. olamontia. 
boaoTOÌoaha ; propttrntuk 

LEINOIE, (^ liquid), s. The Ioin» Clydes. 

LEiNOiB-fiHOTy •• Having the loins dislo- 
cated ; spoken of horses, ibid. 

Tool loeme, tongi^ laaiboo TÌtalinai. Skoi to hero 
' aaod for dioloeatioa, in tho oamo wavao Sa.-0. tl-int-a, 
iai^pliod to aay thing that it oxtnoidod from ito proper 
plaoo ; Qood looo motam oot^ ot prominot, Ihro. 

To LEIPy V. n. Apparentlyi to boiL 

Mya wittia hm ho waktit oft with wyno ; 
lad maid my atoaiok with halt lattit MsL 

Aif :fl£f, iL S9L 
▼. Laps, r. 

LEIPPIE^ t. The fourth part of a peck, S. 
y. LippiE. 

LEIRICHIE-LAEICHIE(gutt.),«. Mutual 


To Leibtchie-Larighib, v. n. To speak in 

mutual whispers, ibid. 

Tout. la«rJ-«% ngnifioo inoptiro^ nngm inoptiaoqao 
dieore aut faoore, matar Tanaa miUioria ; from Lturie, 
mailer Yaniloqna. 

LEIS, i. Perhaps a load. <<Tua leim of 
tallowne." Aberd. Beg., V. 25. 

8a.-G. Uu^ ItL kloi, Tohoa. LaH, oan% a load, ac- 
knowlodgea the lamo origin. A.-S. hiamte, naTÌaonna. 

LEEPir. V.Leepit. 

To LEIS, Leiss, v. a. To lose; pari. pa. 

I Cnf my fader, al oomfoH aad iolaoe, 
Aad al eapple of oar traael aad pane. 

Jkmg. VirvH, 92, 24 

A.-S. ISmm% Moeo.-0. IZao^us /rthUu»-4m, 8a.-0. 
>^er-fi9-a,Bolg.«erfie0-€M,id. laL (ymo, grando damnnm. 

To LEIS, Leiss, v. a. To lessen, to diminish. 

— ThoctM lafbria rowayii to aad fro. 

So Imr tbtre pane, aad pleae tbara joiy wo. 

ùo^. VirgU, 408, 42. 
A.«& ittiea, ouaor. 

To LEIS, V. a. ^To arrauflei to lajr in order. 
GK>th. Ui-an^ congregare ; Gl. Sibb. 

LEIS ME, Leese Me, Leuis Me, '* pleased 
am I with ; an expression of strong affec- 
tion and flood wishes," S. Sibb. seems to 
giro the kteral sense in these words above 

I ichro the lyar: fUl Imt "Myow. 




Lc, *^l wUi A muM OB tlM Uw. I^m jj'j!jj'f*%;^ 

Ift Wnc Mid, thAllM WM only woffina. 1 
AMHAmitflit liflhtanoii him. if 1m £d 

-XiWMfoa llmar, my todka dow, 

Yi^ iqr ■« fS li«m«'d jgjj^^^ 

a Imm a* w my ipimiEBC wlMil, 
O taw iM OB mv roek Mid mal ; 
f^M tip to tM that el«edi mt bl«ii. 
Ami h4« ■• fld Md warm ■f'^ q^ , 

this might Mem alliad to Sa.-0. Kmh retinimii dara. 
BstlpnEr dariTÌMÌt fiom leiC daar, MswaaWa ; q. 
•^MfUtù m«^" UtmUj» "daar m to ma," a ^hraaa the 
lavMaof «o<0m^&iM/««e. Thia danTatton u 
cQoflimad by tha form ia whioh Doii|^ mm tha 

IUm tUr with tha, M lattir pnmnd 

Of thy Uad oailM fra^dM ndis and SH« : 

O Mb «M^ tha lykart thing lyiiiBg. 

lad vmtaj ymaga of my Aat jaaaK ]f^ ^ ^ 

Wa Mmi A.-a phfiMvary aiinilar, Uqfr^ mèj*, 
nita aSTmihi, GaoT ndz. 10. ; only tha oompaimtiTa 
C oaad inataad of tha poaitiTa. 

^EISCH, Leschb, v. 1. A thong, a whip- 
oordf S« 


»• A coid or thoQ^ by which a dog or any 
other f"™*^^ is held* 

Hljt •llir aaham tha wagaoua has immae, 

8. A stroke with a thong, S. Y. LncH. 

^Ut him by MX MMUf OB thy kndi. 

To LsncHBy LsiOH, Leash, 9. o. L To lash, 

•*Otf ony ohildar witiiio aga ooounit any of thir 
thingia foinaid, haoaoM thay may wA ba pumat for 
^;;;2!g^ thair fathari or maiatan mU pay for ilk MM of 

ttamal xiiL a. iiii.d., or aba dalinar the aaid childa to 
tha ia«. to ba MUC aenneoit, and duDg, aooording to 

£2fft.- iu!taX^?lW Edit. 1566; 

UeM; Skana^ 0. 61. 

[i. To tie together, to couple ; hence leishedf 
partpr. married, a low word. 

8. To tie, wrap, la8h,^th twine or thretid^as 
in gpUdng, Clydes.] 

2. Used, in a reKgous acnae, to denote tmson 

Siiinst Jesns Christ as Sovereign of his 

— «• Tha man an iMUy braaking down the ohmoh-- 

saMB. darifM E. tuA from U. lodUuf, badi ; 
tfa.4>.faaif-a»paieatara,oaadai«. PMhapaitisfonnad 


LEISE-MAJESTY, Lbiss-maiestie, Lese- 
MAJE8TT,«. 1. The crime of high treason ; 
Fr. Ui^'frugeiU. 

«*Thal qahat aamaaar panonaa or peraoama in any 
tyma tooom takb ony biaohappia plaoea, caataUia. or 
ateanthia.— aall incnra tha cryma of trMoona a Uiu 
moMb.** Aeta Ja. V., 1526, Ed. 1814, p. Sia 

Wr. Ic»^, to hurt, Lat. Uui-tte, whmma bct-b^ a 
hnit or ÌDÌvKj^ 

ooming to bow bafofo, and bag and taka f rom, Md 

■daTSanka too onto tha MMpwf.-;^"; Ì^ 
that whioh makm him gaaty of Lem-ifqfMfy. *o. 
M'Ward'a Contandingi, p. 6. ^ *fc^ 

«« A faithf nl miniiitar--eoBBÌdarin(( tha hamrd ^ 
anbiaetaof thair bbmad King ara in, to ba Mdnoed 
into aeta of high dbloyalty and Ute-majtBtjf, must aet 
himaalf, with an opan-monthad pbinnaaa,— to witnaao 
and tMtify againat both— tha indulging naorper, and 
hb indolgad.^ Ibid., p. 871. 

LEISH,ad;. Active, clever. V. Liesh. 

«• ra ba aran handa wi' tham an; mair, an' ^^^JfU 
bngh at tha leblbH o* tham." Panb of Man, l 325. 

LsiSHiN. paH. adj. 1. TaU and active, ap- 

flied to a person of either sex, Lanarks. 
t differs from Sirappin\ as not implying 
the idea of handsomeness. 
2. Extensive, as applied to a field, farm, 

parish, SbCf ibid. 
8. Lon^ as rof erring to a jonmey, ibid. 
Leisheb, «• 1. A tall and active person, 

2. An extensive tract, ibid. 

3. A long jonmey, ibid. 

Tha idaifc aaama bonwwad from that of lotting looM ; 
laL Icb-o, %M^ aolToia, azpadira; q. that which ax- 
panda or aztanda itMlf in whatavar way. 

LEISOM,ai;. Lawful V. Lesum. 
LEISOME, adj. Warm, sultry ; OL Shirr. 

V. LlESOlfB. 

LEISSUBEy Lesube, Lesew, Lizzuee, t . 
1. Pasturo between two com fields, [or 
between the ridges of tilled knd ; also, a 
comer or mar^n of a ploughed field on 
which cattle are grazing and herded]; 
hence, sometimes used tor any grazu^ 

Eonnd, Ayrs., Benfrs., Lanarks. V. 

[2. The selvage of a piece of cloth w of a 
weaver^s web, ibid.] V. Lesubes. 

rPo Leissubb, Lesube, Lesew, v. a. and n. 

To pasture; to graze, feed, browse, ibid. 

y . under Lesubes.] 
To LEIST, V. n. To incline, Dunbar ; E. liat. 

Leist, expl. ** Appeased, calmed, a. feotecf, 
from Fr. laeher^ Jbat laxare,"* Rudd. 

Derift haiaot and at bst ba tha 

JhMff. Tuptl, 441, 84. 

Sibb. darÌTM it from Tout. femcA-ea, axtingaara; 
(attim) bTara. If fcift aignif t appeoa«< tha moat natn- 
nl origin would bo 8ii.4>. Ibo, raqniam dara, lanira 





. A«L nqiiit a doloi% ▼•! Mara qaolilwl 

Brt I k«ita% wUllMr it U not lÌMd for 

* Jvpitir la hm imdriag rabnuMMii, •!• 

' iMptotfol ttHDi^ firom hk hftogftity Mid 

LEISTEB, LisnR» t. A spear, anned with 
time er four, and aoiiietimes five prongs, 
^ lor striking fish ; an eel-spear, S. 

"VnMMd«[ofMiÌBg]uofoiir. I. With ìeiden : 
aUed off fMr*pmfed fork, with tho prongi trniiod a 
■raotsoao ado; hsviag a tlult 90 or 24 feet loog. 
Mj ran along tlio nod on thotr edge, or throw 
WBiM ttoj aoo an J flth. In this manner they 

, vooad and kill great qoantitiet. Some of onr 

9«plo ava wy doxterone at thia ezereiae, and will 
inniliaiM i^on hovMbaek throw a kider, and kill at a 
fMBl dMtMioa. Thia is alio called akauiing, aa it is 
Mnl^ pnotÌMd when tha tide ie almoet nent» and 
^ «!itea tuned aloltMr.'* P. Donock, Dni^ee, 
B^àtà, Aoe., ii. is. ^ 

*«i:ba lilies ii a ihafl* with three iron prangi herbed 
aaoMadebflxed on the end, not nnlike the figua of 
ÌXft^nÈ^tàdmL'' P. Genohj, Ibid., nr. 411. 

ikaawih' eafthe^ oot^wre ae eheather, 

▲ thne4M'd Ubim' ra the lth« 

. iliiherapoeticalljnaedtinthedeooription 

«f Boath, as denotiag a trideit.«A<r«;eel-epear, refer- 
ndtahjSihU I can indeed find no Teetige of thie 
woid]nA.-8.,orittan7of theOentt.dialecte. Botit 
Itftraeiied, in the eeme fonn, in 8a. -O. liuder, Husira^ 
UL lim l m tii^ùfieo to etrike fleh with a trident or 
•■igMi ; whra they anproech to the light Fhar vMd 
IhuCtaafteUe/Ilttimriiaathe IfMlerand flra. Leg. 
Vplaiid. «. la. ap. Ihre. Thie phraee irreetstibiy 
the idea of what ia ▼nkmrl^ caUed, in onr own 
Ae Mseft fUkmg^ La., lahing ander night» or 
• oovartof darkneee. It alio ehe^e that the 
il^gU awde of fishing has been practised in Swe- 
aa in Scotland. A torch or light ie held aboTC 
and the fiih.ranning toweras it, are etniek. 
^hL liMifftL iNMler, eo m in fact to give 
of oar hlack-fUkmq. Tridens, «. fnacina 
dentinal henteta, manoorioqae longiseimo ad- 
foa ad fMolaa lintre cirenmlatMb pieces noctnmo 
pemtiaBtar et eztrshnntar a piscatoribos ; 

in gen- 

ThoT. fiai#« offigfaiany signifies, to strike i 
i;aao.%s^U7iioei-a,/M4; UMekamffff, 
IF^^ O. Aadr. V. Blacx-Feshiko. 

Wd t lg t itv ooeaia la the O.E. Uw; whether the ssme 
It be aisant^ ia nnoertain. V. Cowria. 

To Lbistbb, 9. a. To strike with a fish- 
mar, Stirlings., Ajrrs. V. Leister, 

IjIBTBB, #• 
**Tha aisseengsr was ably snpported by his first 

ar, whoL atthoogh he conld not nnderstand npoi 
re sso n s M s muids a maa should be placed in 
irttsn lor ikderW a salmon, felt it his duty to assist 

the eoastableia the detection of theft." Caled.Men., 
Dso. 11, 1821 

ToLEIT,v.a. To permit, to endure; EL &f. 

-No hd aaMU they Ifil, 
■eisly thay expel 
BsMMofifns ^ooNS, p. 207, st 2. 

Catrewthmrwsly thay szpelL 

''They will not endure the oompaay of any fslee 
or disloyal man ; " Lord Hailea. V. L4ff, a. 1. 

To LEFT, V. n. To dekjr. 

▲ae othir Ten yit tUe ynng sun cowth ebg: 
▲t luTto law a qnhyU I think to Ml / 
la court to cfamp denely in mv dethlag, 
And lake smansis thJr lusty Isaeis i weit 

Mmuymme, Jkmm, P., pi ISL 

According to L. Hsilee, "probably leH, give one's 
saflfrsge or Totst** But it rather signifies, that, as 
being a yonnff man, he would psss some^art of his 
time in love; Btt.-0. ktei-ia, intermittere, Moee.-0. kU* 
/on, A.-S. (ael-oa, tardare, morari, A. Bor. Uatk^ ceas- 
ing; intermission. Bay. 

To LEFT, Lebt, Let, v. n. 1. To pretend, 
to give out, to make a shew as if, S. B. 

Thre kynd of woUfls in ths wirld now ringis : 
The flnt sr fsls penrertsris of the Iswii, 
Quhilk, under polett termes. fidaet myngis, 
Leitand, that sll wer gospell that thay sehawii : 
Bot for a bud the trew men he ourthiawU. 

Bmiymtm, Bonn, P., p. 119. 

It ia surprising that H Hailss should say, on this 
word, "probablv, Tottng." Here, ae on the preceding 
term, the bemek oridently predominated with the 
worthy Judge. 

Thus still thsi beid c|uhQl day bsgsa to peyr, 
A thyk myst Ml, the planet wss nocht dayr. 
Wsllscs ssasyd st sll pisds about, 
Lni ss hs wald at cny plscs brek out. 

Ifattaee, iL 60S, MS. 

— > I mak sne tow, 
Te sr not sik sns f nle ss ye le< yow. 

FrittU qfPebUs, AP. it, L 29. 

Leie, pret. is probably nssd in the same sense in the 
foUowuig psssage : 

The king, throu oonsaile of his men, 
His folk delt in bstaUlis ten. 
In ilkane wsr weile X thooBsnd, 
That UU thai italwsrtly sold stand 
In the batsil, and strthly lycht ; 
And lere nouit for thair tsyis m jcht 

Barbomr, IL 1S7. Ma 

In edit. 1S20, it is rendered ikoughL But although 
the V. signifying to think is written in a similar man- 
ner, that here used doee not seem properly to express 
the idea entertained by the person, but the external 
semblance. Thus it occurs in Ywaine and Gawin : 

Than lepe the maiden on hir jpalftay. 
And nera byaida him msde htr wsy ; 
8ho UU sa abo him noght had aene, 
Ke wetyn that he thar nsd bena 

it»Caon'« il^se. Amr., L 76L 

'*He's no sadaft as he /«eto,"S.B. aphrase used 
with respect to one who ie euppoeed to sssume the 
appearance of derangement to serve a purpose. " You 
are not so mad as yon Uei^tH you,** Chesh. 

Sn.-0. Uutl-aSf to make a shew, whether in truth or 
in pretence ; prae ee f erre, eive vere sive simulando ; 
Ihrs. This leamedf etymologist mentions E. Ueitn as a 
kindrsd word. Isl. tat-a, SuUa, id. Thu eri miUo 
viirari en thu ia/tUr ; Multo ee sapientior, qnam prse 
te fers ; '*Thou art meikle wittier than thou UeU^ S. 
Their letu Ula ufer; Aegre so ferre profeesi sunt; 
Kristnis., p. 74. A.-S. UieUin, Ut-am^ simulare. 7*Ae 
hi rihiicite Uton ; Who should feign themseWes just men ; 
Luke XX. 20. Belg. zkh ffflaat-tn, to make as if. Many 
TÌew Hoea.-0. fii&t, guls^ as the radical term. Ihre. 
prefers 8u.-0. Ia<, later, manners, behaviour. Lye 
explains the proT. term UeUn, prae se ferre ; and refers 
to A.-9. l^ig, sstutus ; Moee.-0. /ÌM<e», dolus ; /talo, 
hypocrita ; adding that the Icelanders retain the root, 
in M-o, simuhun. V. Lait. 




>• To nientMm, or give a bint of, ainr thing. 
AMr bd^ make no mention of it, o.B. 

fVlif Mbii oovowTO ganenUy utd mtha 

Bil Ihtf BMd M M M fUt ha't enudt, 
HIi viMtaff wvll m'w l0k bim &'. 

(1.) To seem to obaerve any thing ; to 
testif 7 one's knowledgei either bj words 
orkoKS, S. 

A wmì-dbùtàBà aMÌlÌB. Umial ibr Um Uiid, 
ff-baod w«n Ui proflbn : 

AirM,ÌT. Sifl. 

•«Wlnlt I BAT. ChxisI M«A nol on bim that he 
'^ ■ - Z. Biqrd's L. BstttU. 

(S.) To make mention of a thing. 

A ittl iM« M M» h« did not bmIm Um leMt montioB ; 

i c^ h(t did not tkm that hs had aay knowtodgs of tho 

thivf nfitndto. 

— Ltimkm^ whtt*t poi!, 
fM and BM, dM mt akitUe CMt 

(8b) To pve one's self concern about any 


JTfMrlilMiyM^liil XBM0ft»8. Pkor. ; ipokMiwhoB 
■mOa an jMriag o«r piojeati, jprateotioiia, and 
ilrmr* XdMiyMKtnmUayoiuatUraboatit; Kallyt 

U. !■#« it alio vendand oetendart. 

9V kl vtt; faf vtt; to BMka known, S. it probably 

ftw tiia iHBi ftoek. 


Lmbmr, MaiilamdFcimM, p. SL 

Btlf. knim wetimè^ Sir. lol-a nyon wto» id. 

Hèv N«ry htat ebt in her nan wis right, 
Bnttetaa m"!. thrt tb« bad Mta the knight 

Rm^t Mdmum, pi 78. 

[3. To consider, to think ; leii HelUljf^ think 
li^j, Barbonr, ziL 250. 

11m MM U bjm higOit ffi. 
That h« Ui Mlmond fwm had tjnt. 
And dma bad hia nuntiU hvynt. 

iNdL, six. 680.] 

To Lbit. Ldbt, 9. fu To ooase ; especially 
applied to thin ichor distilling through the 
pores of the body, S. 

TUa ia paibapa mainly a aaooodaiy aanaa of the pra- 
«.» aa aigni^jring to appear. Tha hnmour may 
aaid to ahaw itaalf thfongh tha poena. . 

To LEIT, V. o. To put in nomination. Y.^ 

LSIT, #• A link of horse hair for a fishing 
line^ Upp. Clydes.; synon. Ttppetf Snood^ 
Sttifdf TbiiM. 

LEIWAB, 9. liver, survivor. 

•« Aad tn tba bagaat Iciwar of thama twa in lyfirant,** 
. lTu. 1814, V. S38L 

rLEK,aJi'. as 9. Like; •*! never saw tha 
bk,'' ShetL] 

[LliK, Lbok, s. A large nit lined with wood 
in which a tanner steeps^s bark; socdled 
because the liquor bis or leaks from it into 
an adjoining receptacle called the Xei-€e, 
from which the tan-pits are supplied, S. 

UL kha, Sw. iflefai. Da. lakkB, Dn. fatten, to laak. 

[LEK, 9. ** Perhaps the leach of a sail,** Gl. 
Accts. L. H. Trees., voL L Ed.Dickson.] 

fTo Lbk, Lbck, v. o. 1. To leak, drip, ooze, 


S. To pour water over bark or other sub- 
stance, in order to obtain a decoction ; to 
strain off, Clydes.] 

LEKAME^ «. Dead body. Y. Licatm. 

L&LANE, be quiet, give over, let m, let 
alone ; apparently abbreviated from the im- 
perative phrase. Let abLne^ or q. Ua [Le. 
(save] akme. 

LELE, adj. Loyal, faithful, &c. Y. Leil. 

Lelelt, Lelilt, oJv. Faithfully. Y. under 

LELE%s. The lily. Y.Lbveb. 

To LELL, V. a. To mark, to take aim, S. B. 

From A.-S. latfd; or E. Umi, which ia naad in tha 

[LIAf, s. A loft in a house; Nor. fam, id. 

LEMANE^ Lesocak, #. A sweetheart. 

Rndd. and Sibh. randar it m if it*aignifiad onhr a 
nuatreaa or oononbina ; which ia tha aanaa in modem 
B. Bat.Jnn. properly explaina it aa apfiied to either 

Doni^ mantiona aa the name of an old aong : 
Tk4 aehhf mUs over fk$ taUfomt^ 

WH èring tJUr wmdùMndig and siy lemaaa Aoaic 

^ yiigil,408,8& 

mnat natondly be Tiewed aa rafaering to a male, 
it in both 


Now, dera Umman^ onod «!#, go fkrawaliL 
— 4lood UmmKn^ Gea tbaa aava and kepa 
And with that ward tkt gan almoct to wope. 

"l, ▼. 43S8, 


Unto bia ImoMm Dalida *e tolda, 
That in bia baiaa all his atraogtba lay. 

IfonAif r., ▼. 140SS. 

It ia eridant that aneiantly thia word waa oftan naad 
in a good aanaa; aa maraly denoting an object of af<i 

Manj a looalf lady, and UmmanB of kaigfataa 
Swonad and iweltMl for aorow of daathaa diataa. 

P. HimikmatCt Futon, Sign. H b, 1 K 

Bat it ia not alwaya naad in thia faTonraUe aanaa. 

Tbya majdo bym payda raytha wal, myd god wiUa be 

byr aom. 
And bald b jre, aajiyi l^^bion, aa wo anrth in bordooB. 

MLm wiana, p^ m8L 





tad J«kML both dmiw H from ¥r. MammI. 

w fa wd lo th« tnit t^rmoQ, Althoogh 1m 

idovMU; *«Tmit.fic/;dikotii%Mnu,tiid 

m htmiMt fitiBÌiiini Mqii« nottnto m ▼iram.'* 

■MBlioBS MonL 8ml f wi fow, Mnaiiiw, Oram. 

He tàto wfcii to TV. Urf-wiam, cmui homa Bal 

k MiteiB\f €i Qolh. crigin ; A.-8, to^, cmm. 

TiWfàifETB, i. nitctt love; an amour. Y. 

••II ii iBlilM, Am fpettah and defoia maide hj 
M— d HvBlin ol Foomooda oo ana wyta of royei 
riWBiirfi wA Elanir Ladya of Homa." Homfa 

ToI*ElfE|' To blazoi to slune, to gleam, 
8. ; IfMMÌ^ part. pr. 

tONlda mIuum and Mnnii Mcht, 
aa Inad aUliaMi of than Ucht 

i^Oiy. FwyO, 476, 6S. 

af ttoft tiia rawaad lamp of Ikht I 

' i5idL,48,U. 

BSov bf Ikk ttaM^ tha ana iMglna to Ifoiis 
iUid lit tka UB kaadi wttk hfimoniiiff bai 

£«aMi aa Iowa of tp*, Flammo.** Ptompt Fair, 
aa ma -old «» •^Lowynga or Umifngt of ^yra. 

liL U omm , aplandara ; A.-S. leomo, 

lloaaL<4>. lamkmùmt lightaotng; ia 

tha aama origin. & guam ia avi- 

tw eai Sa.^. aff rnw a, mioai^ to timaamaaonroo; Ihra 

TfMfB| a. Oleamy flame. 

tba adMdi of Ua croon 
al af lldit vnto tha aid adooBi 
M of ^va and tomb- ■■ 

Dmf§, rifyii;61»41 

Ba Ofe adrlUan. with Ua tim^ Ikht. 

an tlM land had ipnid hir rhUlbaner Mcht 

L gm d m^ B WmAit, 1692, p. 281 

. IcflM^ lBP«b ooonr in O. B. 

O dar lMB^ «Mi oata ma^ thar itod tnm hym wd par, 
T iBtmad aa a dngan^ aa rad aa tha fa jr. 

Jt OfewL, pi 161. 

^A lf|^ od a Inaa Uya hafoia halL 

«~lldiai^ and tUa tern ahalLodfar abkad 

P. Pf anp>Biaw , FoL 98, hi 99, a. 

••Xaat or Iowa, flamma.** Pkompt. Pkrr. 

To LEN| a. a. To lend, to give in loan, S. 

b haHar hald nor tei»— 
I lad tha fomir, 
la than fwaia tak lyeht god taat 

CShvon. & P., ia 228. 

8n.-0. laca-o, Balg. km-em, id. 

Lxh; Ijujn, Lbbtd, #. A loan, S. 

««nPk«A «-^ 0^rar oonunittia naoria, or ockar in timo 

dinoHioor indiioctliob (that ia to aay) takia 

Kto for tho leojM of monay, nor aa it cnmmia to 

in tho voir for a hnndrath pundca, or fiva 

1 ana awn sra rota,— aall oa coontad and 

'oGWrara." Aeta. Ja. VL, 1694, 


What aay yon teyoormif man? IVaforshama. 
Bhaald not a Imd oobm alwavt laogniiig ham« t 

Pminc>icy< FO0m», 1716, pi 49. 

••»0 Maiqnia of HnnUv waa adviaad to dwaU in 
How A b ardaan ; it ia aaad na wrota to hia oousin tha 
Bart Mariaobal for tba IomI of hia hooaa inAberdaan 
tadwoHia feratÌBO (thinking and taking Mariachal 

to bo on tha king'a aida, aa ha waa not), hot ho waa 
Nfnaad." Sp^ng'a Trooblaa, L 104. 

Balfoor wvitaa toiac. " Qohat ia ana lemu^ and of 
tho reatitation thairof.** Pract., p. 197. 

Lane, id. Yorka. ** Far th* long lame ia whan a thins 
ia bocmwod with an intantion navar to ba pay'dagain." 
Clar., p. lOa. 


Id. loan, A.-& loen, ieem,. 

lean, id. 

To LEN, V. a. V. Latnb. 

[To LENCH, Laocch, v. a. 1. To launch, to 
thmsty to throw; as, '^ZathcA a stane amang 
thae craws,^ Clydes. 

2. With prep, ooi^ to give, paj, expend, ibid., 

3. To begin, to commence, any kind of work, 
speech, or argument, ClydM.] 

[Lbnch-Oot, t. The act of giving; also, 
what is given, Banffs.] 

To LEND, V. n. To abide, to dwell Y. 


LENDINOS, «. pL Pay of an army, arrears. 

— *'Ha thooght it waa than fit tima to maka a 

tha armia^ for thair bv-paat Undings 
and to oaat aooM thing in thair tooth, baing mach 

diaoontmitad. To aatiifia onr hnngar a littla, wa did 
gat of by-paat UmUngi threa paid na in hand, and biUa 
of awchmiga mTan na for ona and twantia lemf taot mora, 
wUeh abonla hava baan paid at Anabnxg." Monro'a 
Bnad. P. IL, p. 131. 

Balg. hmktg^ ^'aonldiara pay;" SowaL Oann. 
iehmmg, atipandinm, aaa militara ; Wachtar. Lthnung 
primarily aignifiaa ooneaaaia fundi, from Uhn^ fandum. 
For, aa Wacntar obaarraa, a gift of land waa originally 
tho atipand of aoldiara. Aftarwarda, though tha man* 
nara wara changad, tha anciant tarm waa ratainad. 

LENDIS, «. pi: 1. Loins. 

Plata ftitt ha bobbit ap with bandia. 
For MaaU ha made rMinaiat, 
Ha lap <|ahil ha lay on nil MMÌif. 

Ckr. Xirk^ at 6. 

2. Rendered ''buttocks," by Samsay. 

8a nna thoo mak my Gommiamr amandi, 
And kt him lay MX Uischii on thy ^MdfL 

KmuMdg, Mv e r gr Mm ^ Ìi. 49. 60. 

A.-S. Umdaim, Imdeno, leMdent; Oann. lenden. Id. 
8w. ioMfar, id. laL lend^ in aing. dnnia, a hannch or 
bnttock. Oallondar dariraa it fitxn Iria^-o, '* to ax tand, 
tha loina baing tha langth of tha tronk of tha body." 

[Lendit, adj. Applied to cows or other ani- 
mals having the body black coloured, with a 
white stripe over the loins, Shetl.; Ger. 
kndetif the loins.] 

[LENDIT, part. pa. Dwelt, remained, S.] 

To LENE, 1^. a. To give, to grant. 

Sjthana echo aak, no licenoa to bar letu. 

King Mart. 





[LENOIE, i. A loogitodinml slice of a 
ludfibaty eat either from the back or belly 
of the fish, ShetL; JaL ìengin^ id. V. 

LENIT, preL Oranted. 


«• nUf M ov Bojr Um 


IW DovglM in MMt th» btaddy haiit 

IToiMi, tt. 186» Ma 

LENir, LxHT, pnU Abode, remained. V. 


LENir, LemT| prtt. Leaned, reclined. 

— At IImìI ia sa Itj in Uat «hli bit BYtht, 
I akld on anB m wii ^i i ^ li miwimi and UU 

Dm^ rtvfil» SS8» a. 7. 

8om ftUr di«ia. / «011« MlyiM niMl ttdU, 
JTy A«r< if kni OMM M fMilly wMt 

{ponpan with thn an^jMMi^ Ihn w«U-knowa ItnM 
la Um opening of Pkr^s Pfcrnnan ■■ 

loonnlUjaMnf^ionlUlvnnoliilUs • 

• IkrandlflMtfandlokiid intlMwattrtt, 
I akamd in a dapgrag; it fwtjnBd M BMry*.] 

LENK, f« -A link of horee-hair which con- 
nects the hooks and line in anglings Clydes. 

Tha luno with K. Wl^ odtf praMwnoMllika Sn.-0. 

LENNEByf. Lender. 

««<MainM tha faMwra to paj tha mna vwrUa and 
tHmlia.** Aoti Ouk L, Bd. bl4| V. 40. 

LENNO^ #. A child; OaeL leanaih. 

Toll Mir bo piddM work a tam 

At ony Idna of ipin, mattiai, 
Bat ahw roar Uano ia a aeaU, 

And ttdal Ugyand aiM; BMÌttaai. 

LENSHEB, 9. [Tbe bounds or bonndaiy 
lines of a coal-pit.] 

** With tha on^ powar— to hava and maka aiaholao 
raiilM)iia] ainkob laraU^ Icaaftcra^ aqnadueta, watar- 
diawghtOi watar woffkoa. and Tthon Taefnll and necoaaar 
for winning and TphcUipg of tha aaida ooalla and 
ooanhowgha,** Ao. Acta Cha. IL viii. 199. 

[Dr. Jamiaaon loft thia word anezplaiaod. It ia a 
ooff. of lambAtra^ a ahaia or dÌTÌaion of land ; lienoe, 
tÌM boonda or boondanr linao of any anch portion. 
Lktek ia tha tarm naed in tha lata of Thanet, and 
dafinad aa **a bawka or littla atrip of land to bonnd 
tiba Mda in onan oonntriaoi callad abewhara land- 
tkirt or loaaAera, to diatingaiah n ahara of land.** GL 
Lawia Hiat of Thanat] 

LENT, adj. Slow. 

Tha kwt triok thoj hava faOan on to oaarp tho 
' raoy, ii» by tho diligenoa of thair aaaaionera to 
faotiona in ovarir aaft» to get tho daaoona — 
oraatad of thair aida. Bat thia leiU way doea oot aat- 
iafy. It ia faared, hj Wariaton'a diliganoo, aomo or^ 
don shall bo prooarad by Mr. OiUaapia, to havo all 
tho magiatratoa and ooancil ehoaan aa no wilL" Bail* 


Wb Latt., ii. 43S. 

«air Jamaa Ballonr aaya ha 
Koith'a Hiati p. 22. 

f^. lend; Lat. fcalai; id. 

fOL ni. : 

of a InK /ever.** 

LsNT-FiBBy #• A slow fire. 

*'Thay aaw wa wara not to bo boaatad t and bofoca 
wa wonld bo roaatod with a leaf^/ire^ by liia handa of 
ohanhoM^ who kapt thamaalTaa far aback from tho 
iaflM^ wa wara raoMvad to malca abont throogh tha 
laok, to got a grip o' aooao of thcaa who had fint kin« 
diad tho ib% and atilllant fanal to it, and tiy if wa 
oonid oaat tham in tho midat of it, to taato if that boat 
nleaaant whan it oano naar thair own ahina." 
'•^'a Latt, i. m. 

Lbnttuxx, adj. Apparently, moumf ol, mel- 
ancholjT ; from Xml, the season in Popish 
conntnes appropriated to fasting. 

LiralationtothooloorfyAoavtinthoaraiaof DoogUa^ 
Holland apaaka 

Of nattalaa and caUoaiB in Im</WI attyn^ 

Thia ia axplainad by what foUowa ; 

An thair dair anaaa iniloitt datyra. 

JTomM^ a. 9, na 

Lemtben, LemtbtkEi LentebtnE| Len- 
TTBB, #• The season of Lent; still used to 
denote that of Spring, S. 

flohyr Edi^aaid, Ika tba aaga 

A waila long tyma abont it lay, 
Fra tba LeiUfyitef that ii to lay, 
QohiU fonwth tha Saiat Jboa: 


,& 816b Ma 

bya Xaalyn in nawtA. 

ITyaAwa, riÌL 17. 41 

£ca%r«n, Ibid., 18. 2L 

[A.-S. lenetem, aprinc ; tyac; oonno.] 

Tha qaadragaaiaial Faat raoaÌTad ita namo from tho 
aaaaon of tho voar in which it waa ofaaarrad. In the 
Lawa of Alfrad tha Great, it ia callad fatyfea/oeiteM, 
or tho laat in Spring. So aariy aa tha tranalation of 
tha Bibla into A.-S., leaytea, or ieacten, waa tha tacm 
lor Sprini^ aa in Fml 74. 17. Sumer and ImgUn thu 
getcopehàg; Thoahaat made aammor and apring. Thay 
^ìmlII^ tho Tonial 4MminoT lenetenUeoM €i im i ht€. T^a 
iaUe, Alam. Garm. Maae, thaaprinA. 

Both Skinnar and Lra dariva A.-S. faictea from Uneg- 
n% baoaaaa than tha days b^gin to langthon. 

Lentbenyabe, «. The name of a kind of 
skins; those of lambs that have died soon 
after being dropped ; still called Lentrùu^ 
S. ; q. those that have died in Lentron or 

— -'*Skynnia nndarwrittiii, caUit in tha vvlgar toong 
aoorlingia, acaldingia, fata£ailli% lMlreaoar«^"Ac Acta 
Ja.yL, 1692. V.S00RLUIO. 

"Xe»<rfN€ veyr akynnia;'*Abard.R^. V. FvrrAnx. 

Lentbin KAIL, Lanten KAIL. Brothmadeof 
vegetables, without animal food, S.; de- 
nominated from the use of this meagre dish 
during Lent. 

O Imtrin kaU, maad of bit yoongar daya, 
A mtafùl bard no feignad tribata paya. 
— walooma thy. wallop in my humbla pot, 

Thott healthioma bevtraga of tha poor man'a lot, 

Thy chiefeat ooBititveot, watar, firea to all, 

Tha poor auui aharea, aor daenu that bleating imalL 

Bacombaat o'ar tha aeaaty Uam, thou laaoa 
Thy atmpla acyoncta, barfay, aalt, and graana.* 
Ia thaa no laaeh popa paapiBg to tha brim, kc 

Xmirm Jtat(Z 3eotf» Fomu. pi tS, la 





• ItebmrltM 


•* We M« fai ilM MOod of Ilia soBki. whMi tiMy art 
a«riaal^ and Ibal ia whan thay aap baaf-biawia for 
raallw iaff." Tha Abbo^ L »g. ' 

TUit I as iaiDfiMdy ia bmnw pfoparly ilafliiod, 
iiiiiiiliiif to Iba «aa of tiiatorm ia Boxb., Cabbaga 
im ba&d is wmtort wbldi, bai^g dninad oO; baa 
ito plaaa MVplMd by milk. 

LENT, «. The nme at cards in E. called 
Loo; pecliape from being much practised 
about the time of X«n«, OalL 

*«1ha* SaottMb jMna ai oaida, callad LetU, ia «- 
aanlty plagrad aft & wnqr." OaU. Sd^toL, |^ ft. 

LxnraD^ part.p€u Beat in tUs game, looed, 

«M)hM of tba flMiblaf»-ia hmM, wbieb ia» ooi- 
9layod,'**a. IbSUVST. V. Uiran. 

To LENTEE, v. a. To lengthen, to prolong. 

Ha did of Dallh nftr Iha Mboarii : 
. And BlBhlaottei<4Ua Ufa aao boor, 
naabt ba naa tba fiial coa q aaro T . 

iTMiM^fraiMt, ifios; pi 9X 
LENTHIE^o^f. Ijong,S.O. 

It wad ba iVil aona aaa wad tab 

A lailUa atovi bona tatbar, 
Ibald jaai jar basM abint 7«r back, 

Ai^ bind tbMft fliM ttM^bar. 

[LENTBTN, LmmrBE. Y. under Lent.] 

UENT, •• The abbrer. of Leonard. *^Leny 
Irfing;'* Acts iiL 398. 

UENYIE^ Lszrra, adj. 1. Lean, meagre. 

Bia bady vaa nayfl [laald and lnHiv»l 
At tUlhal WW biai aaid to ma. 

JMmit, L a87. 

The voffda ia bfiakotB ara not in MS. 

9. Of a fine or thin texture. 

. tkba fa^ wobbb aaitiy waUBt fcbc 

Daiv. Ftryfl; SM, 46L 


A.^ bfawr, iamUf Biaoar t or lcwiiHr» tanma. 
T» A.-S. laìa^, I appraband, wa may fairly traoa 
\ '*tamoei, alandar, pUaUa;** Ol T. Bobbina; 
Bor. **lkiffe9. limber ;** Bay. '*Leeit]f, alert, 
J* tfSfoaa), aaaaM origimJly the aama witb tba 
laltori aa tboaa wbo ara umbar are gaoarally moat 
alart ia tbair motiona. 

[LEO9 ^ Firob., the bw^ q. ▼. ; a gold coin 
worui about 18s. Accts. L. H. Treasurer, 
L 814^ 817, Ed. Dickson.] 

[LEOO, i* A rivulet running through low, 
swampr ground, ShetL; Nor. ktgf Su.-G. 

LEOMEN, «. 1. A leg, Aberd. 

**SaaItaaldlMr(iatbar baa tbo Imnnm of aaanld 
owa^ or a bit o' a dead aoat." Joonal from London, 
p. i 

A. -8. le om g, a limK 

2. The bough of a tree, ibid. 
To LEP, V. n. (To leap.] 

Tbai delt M ^ ^H w tbaim tbat war ibari 
Llad aaiff^eKiu off IngUadis far, 
Tbat Sibad la^tiii BOand, 
And gift tbai I9 oat oar thkir band. 
And laaid tbaim all riaid and mery. 

^BB/«oiir, xTiiL 608, MS. 

La.» "Iba^ roant it fraaly ; tbay did not act tlie part 
of miaara.*' Tbia aaama to bava bean anciently a pro- 
▼arbial pbraaa^ aynon. witb tbat now vaed witb ra>Pjet 
to money apent laTÌably, that one maket U go. The 
idaaiabormradfiramn^iidmotioai laL leìp^ Aleip-a, 
• 8«.-G. ìoep^ to ran. 

To LEPE, Leip, V. a. To heat; properly, to 
parboil, S. 

8am latit kttoaa bat lay 2qn«, in lawde lyta. 

jMtig. Virga, S88, K 4P. 

*«Wo aay tbat a thing ia leaped; tbat ia heated a 
little^ or pat into boiling water or aaoh like, for a little 
tima^^S. Badd. 

Ibay eowpit bim tbin iato the hopper. 
Syne pot the bora ontill the riead, 
Abd AqMH the eaa ont o' bia bead. 

AOaii o' Jittitt, Jamumm's iVy. Boff, VL 239. 

It ia aipbdnad ''aoald,'' ia GL, bat ratbar impropariy. 

ITalc^ oooora in an old poam. 

In Tjrberioa trme, the traw impemtoor, 
Qobea ^jrato iiills frm akrdpias of toon-henia waa keipit, 
Thi^ dwelt aoa grit Ojie Ganuig in awld Betokia boar, 
Tbat laTÌt nppon Ghriatiaaa mama iieiche, and rawheida 

Bona. M& api, Mùutnlt^ Border, ii. 199. 

Tbia aaama to aignify, nnv Aeoilf tbat bad not got tha 
aligfataat boiling. JStw, bowavar, naay aignify roughs 
baTÌnff the hair on. 

I two tbia word to ba radicaUy tba aama with A.-S. 
AIm^PHMi laL kip^ Moaa.-0. Mtop-aa, to leap ; becaoaa 
tba thing aaid to be feped, ia allowed only to wallop in 
tba pot. By the way, tba E. ^non. wallop ia not, aa 
Jobnaoa aaya, merelr from A.-0. wraZ-aa, to boil. It 
ia an inTarnon of Balg. opweU-m, to boU np. That 
aooM of tba Qothio worda, aimilar in form to E. lenp, 
bad been anciantiy implied to boiling; appears from the 
Bek^ pbnaeav Zyn gal loopi over, Hia heart boili with 
eholar ; Da pot 2o<^ over. The pot rana over ; Tent. 
oaar&M;p-an» axaaatoara^ abnllira. 

LsPE, Leep, «. A slight boiling; q. a 
wallop, S. 

Lepit Peats. Peats dn^ut of the solid moss, 
without being baked, Koxb. 

[To Lepe, v. a. and n. 1. To fill to the 
brim; hence, to give good measure; as 
^ Im€ it, noo; tnat's no fair mizzure,** 

i. To overflow, to boil over; as ^ Swing aff 
the pat, the kail's Upm^ ibid. 

3. Parts, bpui, lepU^ are often used as adj$. ; 
aS| Ufin }V, UpU mizzurt^ ibid.] 



LEPEB-DEW, $. A cold frosty dew, 8. B. 

I koow aol if tUa d«ivw iti d««giHitaoo liram bdiig 
10— whal I10M7 in Iti app— rmnoe^ and thni reiimbluiK 
Urn ipoli of Hm kpnqr ; or from U. AIcijm, ooogula. 

[To LEPP, V. o. and N. To lick like an ani* 
nud, to lap^ ShetL] 

[LEPPACH,«. A horn spoon, ShetL] 

[LEPPEL, #. A spoon, ShetL; Dnt Uppel, 

LEPYB,#. Theleprosj. V.Lippeb,«. 

LERD, 9. Lord; AbenL Beg. 

ToLEBE. Toleanu Y.Labb. 

LEBOES. Y.Labobs. 

LEBONES,#; Liberafitj. 

Hi Ml Ui ImiM to Um pnif, 
' IwMifM of tliii Btw-fair dkf. 

M mMfj f tm P ù €m§, p. 151, at 1. V. Labo. 

[LEBE, Lbbke, f . and v. V. Lirk.] 

LEBBOCH, Lairach, Laibooh, (gutt.), «. 
!• Hie site of a buildings or the traces of 
an old one; GaeL laraeh^ id. 

2. A site of an J kind, Loth. 

la ili Mid lirroce jit tht data TomaiBi. 
Wbara Hm sudaoua aft atraaka him at hia aaaai 

Firgmaaem'* Potms, IL 68L V. Dm. 

8. The artificial bottom of a stack, made of 
brushwood, &c^ Stirlings ; utaei^lairoehf id. 

4. A qnantitj or <:ollection of any materials ; 
asi ^ a labveh o* dirt,'' Lanarks. 

5. It is also used in a compound form ; as, 
MU Uin lairaehf the site of a dunghill; 

LxBROCK-GAiBir, «. This term is used in a 
proyerbial phrase, conmion in Ayrs. It 
IS said of any thing that is rare, or that 
does not occur eyeiy day, that ^ it*s no to 
be gotten at ilka lerroek-caim/* 

AHhoagh ol flnl tiow this mi|^t aeem to rafer to 
tfao oool of a ktriek or Urk ; I prefer tneiiig it to 
XafTMft, tho ato of a boilding. 

LES, Less, canj. 1. Unless. 

Bot I oAr OM, to tha Iktia vnatabOl, 
Hor Jopitar oonaaot not, aa aognu 

ùamg. Virga, 108, SI. 

**I hop ia otomall Ood that ho will nocht anffer 
«0 to ho owa plagit totak ir* ua aic ane prinoea, qnhilk 
fif ho doio for our iiiii|iu^yi% wo Ink for nathinff bot 
lor giyt troahill ia thir portia, feat Ood in hia gndenao 
•ehnw hio marqr vponn na." B. of Booo to Aim. of 
OhMff. Koith'o Hia App. p. 135. 

S. Lest 

I know It waa poat fov hooria of day, 
And thoeht I wald na langara 1 v fn Hi^, 
Xoi Fhahoa anld ma loainiara atUjnt 

lhiÈ0. tirgO, KM, IL 

Lm Ilea is alio naod for nnlaaa, Dong. 

*«Ho oonnaaUt hym— nonir to mono battall, Ub tkam 
ho myoht na othir wayio do." BoUond. Croa., FoL 


Xoa iui« let wtfT, id. nnlaai 

"Tho ohanoollar aall mak tho pania oootonit ia tho 
oaid aotia of ParliaoMttt to bo put to oxoentionn Tpoun 
tho bfokario of tho oaidio aotia, fet JM thay loif tho aaid 
hoaaAda oftor thaj bo raq nyrit thaimpono. '* Aota Ja. 
IV., 1488, o. 13. Edit IMS. L€M nor. Skono. 

*' Na aaU na atato bo goyin to hir-Nof tho fcanktonott- 
nont of tho aaidia landia, qnhiU xx daia oftor that 
Danid Horing— daooaa ; And nooht than let na tho aaid 
Jamoo will nooht giff to tho aaid Jamoa and Cristiane 
twwlj pondia worth of land liand in Tnlybolo 4 tho 
barony of Okadnno." Aot Don. Gone., A. 140Q, 
pi 194. 

A.-S. km, iu, id. loot, ihaon, no qoando. Ijo. The 
laea, and lAy loei^ ara naod in tho aamo aonao. Tho 
oriaanal eijmtflimtion of thia word ia minor, minus, loaa ; 
ao tho oopj. implioo diminution. It oocnra in O. E., 
and io Tiowod aa tho imporat. of A.-S. let-oa, to dia* 
miao. V. DÌTon. Purloy, L p. 172. 

LES-AOE, «. Non-age, minority; from 

UsM and age. 

**FSrBt oftar tho daith of King Jamoo tho fonrt, 
Johno Dnko of Albany, ehooon do tho nobilitio to 
g o vorno m tfao Kiogia le§'4Mge, — tho Hamutonnia tnink- 
mg that ho had bono ala wiekit aa thay,— hold thamo 
qnyot for a aaaoon. " Bochanan'o Adnionitioun to Trow 
Loraia^ p. IOl 

LESH FUND, LvispuND, LispuxD, «. A 

weight osed in the Orkney islands, contaui- 
ing eighteen pounds Scots. 

" Itom, ano atano and twa pound Soottiah makia ana 
ìe^ pund, Itom, 15 le»k purndtE makia ano barroL*' 
Skon^ Vorh. »ign. to. SerplaUlL 

**'Am koot quantity (of ooon] ia caOod a Mark, 
whidh ia 18 ounooo ; 94 Morka mako a LtUpommÌ or 
Sottan, which with tho Danea ia that which wo call a 
Stono." Bnmd'a Daocript of Orknoy, p. 28. 

'* Tho buttar— io dolÌTorod to tho laniDord in oortain 
caaao by tho foDonci. Thia denomination of weight 
conaiatod origintJly of only 12 Scotch or Dutch ponnda. 
By ▼arioua aetab howaror, and diffbrant imperfect 
jgiaaiHaiitB. it haia been gradually raiaed to 30 lb.** P. 
Aat, Shotlaiid, Statiat. Ace, ▼. 197. 

Tho following com|paratÌTO atatoment may give a 
mora accurate Ttew of thia weight : — 

"24 Marka mako 1 Sottin or LUpumi, Fund, Bya- 
mar or Span. 

"6 Settina, Ac. make 1 MeiL 

*'24 Meila mako 1 Lut or the Bear-Pnndler. 

"38 Meila 1 Chakier or tho Bear-Pundler. 

"A laat and chalder, ara olwava applicable to tho 
boar-pundler only." Agr. Surr. Ork., p. 159. 

"About 7i stonoo nuke a bear-pnndler moil, and 
m otonoo a malt-pundler moil ; each atone being 17i 
Ibo. and 18 0«. to tlie lb.*' Ibid., p. 160. 

Su.-0. fiqnMcl, a pound of twenty marka. Ihro ob- 
oerrea that thia ia properly Liweteke pund, the livonian 

[LESINOy s. Lying, falsehood, Barbour, iv. 
480; but Using f without lying, in truth, 
truly, ibid. xiii. 231. A.-S. leatung. 

LssiKQ-iCAXARE, Leasinq-makeb, t. One 

who calumniates the king to his subjects^ 

or vice v€r$a. 

"It is ordanyt-;-that aU IfSngit mutkarit k tellaria' 
of thaim, tho quhilk may ingener diaoorde betuiz the 
king ft hio pepill,— oalbo Aallangit bo thaim that 




C MiTu. 1814^ p. a. £«i<iiflr mti^rk Ibid., Ja. 
V^10«ap.S8a nMrailndMUrMl,«*tluilgifooy 
mmtt «1 pMwoaBt nuJEk ony twiU iiifoniialiovBa m 
Ite IdwiBto hii bMWiw and liiigto that thai nlbo 

■■■faà §m tinB BUMR. And Im tiM MBUn **^*** Ml thfti 

SiliiMlfe faiè^ to hk ^MM of hk lofdM, bMBM, 

liBAfOMkiCAKiKO, «• The crime of niteriiig 
fidielKiod flgeinst the king end his coun- 
nDon to the people, or against the people 
to the- king or goyemment; a forensic 

••▼«W atdHlon, wbioh ia dor ■liitatM geta ìIm 

fli hrniwy making, it'infwred from tha ottmnff 

if Mds tondmg to moiIìob, or tiM braodiog of hotrea 

dioooid boiwoon tho king aiid hk paoplo.'* Snk. 


IjESIONE^ Lsssiouir, t. Injoiy; Lat. 
ÌMfJbbHiii, Fr. Uiionf i<L 

••HkMaitrtio foocindi all inlbfltaMnti, ta, nuud 
to Im IC^oitM or--làthei^ia thair minoritM to thatr 
toftaad&itaM.'* Aota Cha. L. Ed. ISK V. 84 

**Tto oaiia of Ifoiitovn-Hlirwtit mub hmo of hk 
to Ito bads pNtoiniog to tbo oapitano of tha oaaUU 
of Utabngh ia f^ffl< qaba bnmt and diatray^d all 
Ua noiniM and bonaw% to hia gnal ononna Inhmm " 
m^L JoBM tha Basil p. 181. 

P«MX» LbBSX, 9. y. LiSK.] 

I«ES9»€«i9*. Unless. Y.Les. 
I^EaSfUmipLut U^Ue. Far awhfn Uis^ 
to &•% in tmth, without leasing. 

SoMr Maleoto WaDai 

Ua aama MlMt. 

Kfls Mttftnitf IflM ; ChaaooK. id. 

USS8I0UN,«. Injuy^loss. Y.Lssioite. 
ToLEST, To please, E. fitf. 

our JO ba wantty wiflht that doolh mo dka, 
9ibj !■< God mak yotr M^ my d«Mt bait ? 

JNi^a QiMrfr» a. 8BL 

£«l^ «1 fe aim wad, ibid., at 88. 

Opyn thy tbrolo ; boflow no iMf to ring f 

ta, JBolfnatinB, daaiia, 

IiBSTy prvl. [An error for Lnr, departed.] 

fte ba ttodil ba wald blm OMaO, 
Or Ibak ba M, in plain bataiU. 

[X^ ii offidontly tbo oomet loading bore : it ia an 
tolfcaCaMnbriHga MSL Dr. Jamiooon appoan to bara 
fcitthathliiaaninflii amirrrf, tarri&i, did notaait tba 

ItESUM, Leuon, adu Allowable, what 
may be permitted; of tea lued as equivalent 
to lamhtL ^ LotoI^, acceptable, q. lave- 
1. In onr law it signifies lawfulf B,nàL 

U It not tfl Unm and gaaaad, 
That llywaia «0 Mlk to Tnooatb laadT 

it k to dMiit of yoar &ld, 
ikad now to tpan tbo part ptpil noyuM. 

In both tbooo plaoaa, tba word naod by Viigil k/ot, 
whioh baa littk analogy to *' lovoly, aoooptaMo." In 
anotbor pUoo iuum k naod in rmdoring noa dator. 

Bot it k na wyia Utwm, I the tehaw, 
Thir Mcrata wark Todar tba orl to want 


Dooglaa naaa Umtm and i^M ai oommoa iar/M. 


Tbay tbingu qabilkk I baoa bard mid of baD. 


"Tbara waa no amn todefond tbo bomoMa, prioata, 
and poor man labonrera hauntingtbeir leuom bnainan, 
aith^ pablickly or priratahr." Fitaoottio, p. 2. 

fiibbi darÌTaa it nom U, law. Bat on a nwre parti- 
enlar inToatiflation, I find tbo oonjeetnre I bad tbrown 
ont on L^m confirmed. A.-8. Uq/, ge-kqf, lioentia, 
permiano, k indeed tbo origin. From tbo latter k 
formed ge-lea^tU, lidtoa, allowable s and ako ge-Jeefimm, 
id. Lye. We obaenro the aama form of ozpnaaion in 
otbor diakota ; laL oteifr, oUffi, impermiaanm, illicitiim, 
from 0. negat. and ìein^ laava, permiaaion : Sw. laq/Ugt 
allowable^ ola^/Ug, waat may not bo permitted j from 
iaqf^ Iqff laava. 

LESURIS, Leisures, Lasobs, Lizures, 
liESWAfl, «• pL 1. Pastores ; [ako, stripes 
of pasture between ploughed fields, or oe- 
tween the ridges of a ploughed field ; the 
comers and margins of ploughed land, or 
of woods, where cattle are p»tured and 
herded, Ayrs^ Benf rs., Lanarks.] 

Ia ItaiiKt and on kjk Utin bunmaa 
Fan tait and trig aocbt Uatand to tbara dammaa 

Ikmg. YwgO^ 408» 84. 

"Qnbaio anm tyma bono maiat notabk detea or 
naiat plantnona kmrk A medoia, now tbiow ord qnaik 
4 trymblyng; or oUk bo oontinewaU inundation of 
wattaria» noont ramank bototbir tbo bnga eeya or ellk 
▼nDtoflltabk groond k aandia." Belland. Daacr. AlK, 
0. 1. 

''CSacBnacli fled to YjW^ <|nbilk k ana plantaona 
rogionn Ivand betniz two firtbia Tay and Fortb* fnU of 
woddia, /atarjf, and Talia." Bellend. Cron., B. ir. c 
11. Kemoriboa^jNMeaii^ Booth. "Valk and kMrk." 
Ib&d., B. tL o. 17. VaUaa. totaqne pkMtlkib Booth. 

Tbay AM deauadit; gif I wald aanat 
With tbama to go, thar laton for to aie. 

Miìiiiwì^ RtfTTìT pi 881. 

A.-S. i emoe , taewe, aignifiea a paatnio ; and B. Gkae. 
naaa kicn in thk aenaa. 

For Bagelond ya ftal yaow of fknyt and of tm, 
Of weuea sweta and oolde ynow, of ieisa and of made. 
Cntkf pk L OL " kaa, oommona* paataraa.** 

In tba aama aanaa kat oooua in hk aooonnt of Ire- 

Lem katetb thar al the wyntar. Bate hyt tbo BMra 

wonder be, 
8elda me achal in the load eay lonk womea aa. 


'*Xkor, paatora ;" GL Sorr. Ayra., p. 608. 

Ir. Uamr^ aooording to Lhnyd, aignifiea pratam. 
Da Ganfle gÌTee L. B. UteKeria aa denoting a nuraby 
piaoe wnere reeda and horba grow. 

[For thk word Jamieeon gava only ptuhnta, after 
Raddiman, the oditorof Doa^aa. Bat»aa will be aean 
firom tba following oztracta, both bara omitted the 
eaaential partiealara of the fall definition. 

The word aeema to have gradually beoome oboelote 
in E. ; for, in WyoUfTe'e New Teat, ieanoyaoe ooonra in 
Matt. Tiii. 80 (aeo below nnder tbo v.); and in John a. 
0^ "I am tba dora x if ony man achal antra by me^ ha 




MMte mwèf and hm aeluago ya.Md M^gooo^ 
■adkt wauXlfndM lunoU;*' but in TyndfthtTert.. 
bolh wwdiM nnderad alniMt m in th« Anthoriaed 
▼«iio&- And Um Gmbridge Latin Diotionaky (pnb- 
MMd in IMS) gÌTM M tiM dflfinition of PrtUMN. a 
■aadoir, alMMMsapaatnTa-groand, agroen-field. 

tmmt^ bolh aa a a. and aa a «., ia atiil naed in tna 
paaloinl diatriete of Ajra., Banfn., and Laaarlu., in 
STtha aanasa now gÌTen. In the pariahea of Loeli- 
wiBBOah* y«-^i^wJ-, KiUHmia. Batth, Dnnlop, &c., 
it ooaaia in manyeharten of landa ; and a Diapoaition, 
in laeSl al tka S/S land of JohnahilU in tba Barony of 
Cbldariuaoh* (Loehwinno^ pariah) by tha owner, to 
Jaaaaa Orr» rana thoa :-* 

««T»ba holdanoffma and my aira, Ao. m hentage 
teavar, fay all righta, meitha, and marriaaea, he and 
ajati inÌMÌc^ta, TaUeya^^highwayB, roddingi, water 

Mohtau foddinA weUa^ etank% {eomrei,'' Ao. 

And €f tiba 469 land of CaaUewalla, in 1658, **with 
ho«aa% fa«ggingi» meadow% Ukmwtiè and paatongea," 
p. Sel?ag08 of dothy or of a weaver^s web.] 

(To lanuBB, Lesob, Lszob» Lesew, v. o. and 
fu To gnie, to pasture, to feed, to browse ; 
part faiitftaid; ftc^ and gerond, feiinri^, &a, 

All the fama of thia V. are atin in nae in the diatricta 
■wntlnniil aboveu and probably in aome othera. It 
ooam in Wydifib'a New Teat, liatt riiL SO :— <* And 
loot tlMl ereidan wtpm. What to Ta m^ to thee 
Jhaaa,theaoiiaof Goa? uaat thou oomen hidir before 
tfaatiniatetotoaniienteTa? Sothely a floo of many 
ha«B fiMMifwiifl waa not far from hem/* 

Tb waa tha A.-S. form ; Drayton need letaoiv, t. 
Halliweirfe Diet The Leaaowea, in Shropahire, waa 
tha abode of tta poet Shenatone.] 

LESYT, prH. [An error for Sestt, seked.] 

RhaaaMa of the paaaagi aridently demanda msi/tt 
whieh Pkof.Ukaa?a Ed. baa. Hard'aEd.haa 

pLET»Lbtb,9.ii. 1 

esteem, to reckon ; pret. iiii of. 

I faafe na athar halpw nor yit lappUe, 

Bot I wfl pai to my fteindi thrie ; 


Bat any fhalt their fkeindahip wfl I fdl ; 

The thrid ftelBd I Ml lichUy of ay ; 


^^ ^ ^^* JViiito i/iWif, a P. it, i. S8. 

▼. Ui; T. S. 

S. HaTing f&af conjoined with the snbst. ▼.; to 
eipec^ to suppose. 

Tiwtli man he oome anyne. 
And MtUi folk wyth flBeka mayne 

BfolhalylytheewBtif ; 

ITa yhooBS «•& wee ia the land, 
Ihat tmnifd m la hia awyae hand, 
patlsjweaqwhdwyitymwar^hj^^^ ^^^ 

8. To pretend. V. Lbit, v.8. 
4^ To foibear, to exercise patience. 

LeT'ABB, eonj. 1. Not to mention, not call- 
ing into account, S. 

••I hate fofda at a' timea, Ui-uU when *baw|a thoo- 
aanda of anned men on the other aide.*' Bnda oC 
Laounermoor, vL 246. 

2. Used as a t. denoting forbearance; Ldrobe 
far ktrobe^ mutual forbearance, S. 

It ooeara in a S. Proy. which ia improperlyjiyen by 
KeUy ; ^^Let-aUme makee many atown^*" p. 233. Bat 
the more oommoa form ia, "Lel-abe make mony a 
loon.** It denotee thai forbearanoe increaaea the nom- 
berof rogaea. 

Lete, #. But &^, literally, without obstruc- 
tion; an expletive. 

He waa aara la the tweatyde gre 
Be lyne dlaoandaDde fira Noyè, 


WffMown^ n a 7. 

Letles, adj. or aà0. Without obstruction. 

The Soottia oMa aaw their eammyng; 

That thai all aamya raid thatm oa ; 

Fkoaa M and Ibi^ oorraaponding to E. leat. 

rLETTiNO, Lbttyno, Let, 8. Delay, hind- 
ranee, Barbour, L 598, iL 29, xi. 278.] 

To LET, V. €L To dismiss, to send away. 

Than ilka fonU of hU flight a father baa taae. 

And W Uie Hoalat ia hmte, haitlylwijthoBe. ^^ 

i.e., *' Haa aent away the owl withont delay.*' 

A.-a ImL-om, kt-a», mittere, demittere ; /J? fe< "J*^ 
wUm fo <Ae; Duouai anoillam meam ad te ; Gen. 16. 0. 

To Let oL To give a stroke, to let drive at 
any object, S. 

nob Roy, I wat he waa aadoll, 
CMHaMU AaW, aKaaar't JTut FotL. p. lli. 

To Let be. V. Lat, v. 1. 

To Let gae or cfo, v. a. 1. To raise the tune ; 
a term especially applied, by old people, to 
the precentor, or reader, S. 

O DoBiiae, ye'ra dispoMaat— 

Toa dare ao aiora bow, do yoor heat, 

JM poa the ifayme. . . ^ . . -, ,. - 

J'ofte'a DMMait AqR0«*d, p. a 

2. To shoot, S. Let go^ paH. pa. shot. 

— *'AS the deliYery of thir heya, there waa a andden 
fray among thenn, oooaaioned by a ahot raokleaaW |el 
oo m the aame honae, where the mTemoar and lady 
with othera were together.'* Spalding, i. 125. 

Tha E. aay to M <t^f i& thia aenae. 

To Let feAf, v. a. To admit, to allow ; as, 
*<I ay said the naig was shaken f the 
shouiher; but he wadna Ut it KcAC S. 

Thia aeemamerelya pecaliar naeof the E. r. lo f^A(» 
aa ai^Ufyiag to faU or deeoend ; q. to prerant from 
falling on any peraon or objeot. 

I ToLBToVyV.o. To swallow, S. V.LAT,r. 




To Lit M| Lr wU. Y. Lbit, t. 8. 

To Lsr $kmd, w. a. h To suffer anything 
to ranom in its fonner state, not to alter 
its posi t ioop S» 

S» Ako^ not to meddle with a particnkr point* 
in oonrenation, as to avoid controversy* S* 

I ksws aot ohMiTtd thai this b «Md in E. It is 
•fUMliv A Twi idiom. £«Mteii «teeis raUnqaera, de- 
*M} KilÌM.— ••HobtaloM} toUftVttoffr 8ew«L 
BolMad ted Ub M< 
ikad Mp Ub St that stolid^ 
^ . AtrSVuirm, bl 8^ sL 68L 

▼. Ua; ▼. L 

To LsTone to wiL To give one to know; to 
givo formal intimation to one, S* 

• Ibr— b ia mumj towns in Sootlsnd« the invitation 
is a ftinwM was givan bj tha hallman, or pnblio crier, 
wka wwl thnw^ the streets, rinoiog lus bdl, and 
fNwthisaotiae: *«Bi«thersnd SSiltm, I UU you to 
MiL ttst is dead, at the pleasure of the Alnuchty, 

■■i is to bo hnried at" soch a time. When he came 
is thsasnwd^ *« At ths plessareoi; to." he, in token 
lowwsd his Toiosb and lifted <iff hia 

[LETAOAMFBED* f . A porUble or travel- 
ling bed{ Fr. Ki-de^hamp. 

lor tha tmiag of the Kingis letaeampbed, 
ur Min for ths see^ to Dnobertane affane his 
la the Iljs^ XT. s." (A.D. 14S5.) Accts. L. H. 
m,LMÌ Bd. Dickson.] 

LETE» t» Oestnre, demeanour, Y • Lait. 
UBTH, «• A channel or small run of water. 

deseendand down the hiUsyde till a 
and swa throw that moss— til it com to the 
a of TUsdesk, ip^ it snd the klhk of PittoUy 
itia tospdder, snd swa aacendand that ielh til it sum 
a klilaid OB ilka syde with mannys hands, and swa 
sawdand anaka Mk to the hede of it on west-half 
tha Ololmi atans^** Jka— «'And awa aacendand that 


M ttf H wofth [wax; or beoome] a Utk^ and swa 
~ that M til it cum to the Karlynden." 

ChartuL Aberd. 

MsMhsa of Biahop Btynnea, 1437, 

OL TionI, ki$t Initt also wtder4epdi9 souae ductus, 
A.49b MNlf; flaentnm, canalia ; nom loif -ioii, 

IjETH, Lbths, •• 1. Hatred, evil, enmity. 

An ftawde and gyle put by, 
grps thai esnth, thai sold dedne 
Oftfsa 1^ dystaas the matenb 

A.-& isirtrti, hstred i faO, eril, enmity ; Su.-O. 
ki. U. ÌMr, Alan. Uenn. kid^ Belg. £mI, C. B. 
a*failA^ 9^s^ advacaity. 

S. A diignsty a feeling of detestation, S. B. 


may caUyd be. 

WplHNMI, VL ProL T. a 

Loth. V. 

•. A surfeit, a 
under Foblbttb, v. 

LETT| #• Lesson, a piece of instruction ; 

flenmdly conjoined with an adi. expressive 

^vitup^ratioVi, Aberd. ^ ^ 

It. OaaL icodU; a B. Ittft, a 

LETTEIS, Letuis, Lbtwis, «. [A kind of 
gray fur ; prob. ermine.] 

** And aa to thair gowni% that na women weir mer- 
trikia nor IsCteii^ nor tailia unfitt in kogth, nor f unit 
▼nder, but on the haly day." Aoti^ Ja. IL, 1457, o. 
78. Bdit 16S6. 

Sibb.« for what reason doea not appear, conjecturea 
that *'aoarlet cloth" ia meant. That Uie tenn referred 
to eooM kind of fur, might eppMr probable from kUeU 
beà||( oonjoined with mtrinku ; [but, Cotgraye'a de- 
AnitMB makea the meaning certain. Besides^ Palsgrave 
givee *' Lettyce a furre, wliee /' and in an early MS. 
mention ia made of "an ennine or lattìct bonnet.*' 
y. Planch^, p. 282L] 

"In primis, ana gown of blak TelTott lynit with 
quhyt teflate, quhairof the ileris haa bein lynit with 
Utuu^ and the samyn tain furth." Inventoriee, A. 

1&42; p. too. 

" Furxes csUet /efwif tawed, the timber cont 40 skins 
^iiii L" BatM, A. 1611. 
IV. lelMc, "abeaat of a whitish gray colour;" Cotgr. 

LETTEN, porf . pa. Permitted, suffered, S. ; 
from the v. to Lh. 

*' AU thia he behoved to suffer for the king's cause, 
who waa never UUm to underatand the truu of thia 
marouia* [Huntly'a] miaeriee, but contrarywiae by hia 
cruel and malignant enemiea, the king was informed 

cruel ana malignant enemiea, tne sing was inionneu 
that the nmrqnis had proved disloysl, " Itc Spalding'a 
Tkotthlea^ i. ISl. 

LsTTEir FA*. Let fall, S. B. 

A dear braat coal wi' the bet tongi wai'ta'en, 
Frae out the ia^e-mids ta' clear and dean. 
And throw the oony-belly UiUn/à\ 
For ftar the waaana iboiila be taae awa*. 

Jtoff^a Bdman^ pi 19L 

LETTER, «. A spark on the side of the wick 
of a candle ; so denominated by the super- 
stitious, who believe that the person to 
wh<»n Uie spark is opposite will soon receive 
some intelligence by letter, S. B. 

LETTER-G AE, $. The precentor or clerk 
in a church; he who raises the tune, 
and, according to the old custom in this 
oountryi reads every line before it be sung, S. 

The lilCir ^of of haly ihime 

flat up at the board-head ; 
And a* oe mid was thought a erime 

To eoDtradict indeed. 

JlasMay^a PotrnM, i. 26S. 

'* So lightly were clerjgnf and divine worship eateemed 
aoma tinm before the Rerormation, that in Mr. Cumm« 
ing^a day% the laat Epiacopal miniater in thia pariah, 
there waa no ainger of paalma in the church but the 
iHUrgaet aa they caUed the precentor, and one Tait, 
nrdener in BraaL" P. Halkirk. Caithneaa SUtiat. 
Ace., xiz. 49, N. 

Tina word might at first view eeem allied to Fr. lairie: 
as having the aame origin with Utteron^ q. ▼. The clerk, 
however, haa undoubtedly received thia name from hia 
empkyniant in raising the tune, aa tliis ia atiU called 




LvTTBBOX, LcTTBnr, «. 1. The desk ia 
which the clerk or precentor oflSciatea ; ex- 
tended elflo to denote that elevmted semi- 
cncnler teat, which^ in Scotland, snrxonnds 
tlM pnlpity S. 

PBlpitom. DiMut.'' Prompt. Pttr. 

S. <* A writing desk, or toble," Bndd. 

AM tMBd Vfafin OB OM tdUnrn lUnd, 
Do vtyto OMM I kjBfc my pon Ia htiid. 

Jfatif. vkfU, soa; SSl 

'*Hi WM bnd to tlio LeUrcn,** He was brod a 

ImCotv ; sQ from Lb K loBtoriiim. 

8. This formerly denoted a desk at which 
femalef wzongnt| in making embroidery, &c« 

**]>oo1mo or kU€m§ for womMi to work od, oovirod 
with TolTol^ tho poeoo vi L" Batao. A. leil. 

4. A bnrean, scmtoir, or cabinet. 

*'Tko orlo of Hmitlio boond deid, — Adam immo- 
dialolio ooMit biir butt tbo doid oorpo tothochalmer 
of davioob and oaoat bior in to tho ohalmer, whair he 
had Iven* tbo whole ooffuna, bozia, or leUronit, that 
the one him oelf had in handling, and had ony geir in 
hoping in; alo as writtia, ^Id, ailner, or goldinff 
workob nduurol the keyifwaa mane fottvxNM." Earlol 
HnUj'a Death i Bannatyne'a Joarn., p. 486. 

**Tlio whole ozpenaeo df the prooem and pioee of the 
hrble^ lyÌBg ÌB a aoTorall boiat by themaelvei in my 
ùurm^ I eotimato to a hondred merka.** MelviU^e 


LETTEBS. To Rai$€ LeUert, to issue an 
order from the siffnet, for a person to appear 
within a Itmitea time betore the proper 

'**Tho ooflunittio leoolved to raiae hit [lord Napier's] 
boaea and paai a oentenoe of foifanltue thereupon ; 
aad» for that end. kUer9 were rai§edf and ordained to 
bo eaMonted at the pier and shore of Leith, aaainst 
Aiohihald kml Napier hia eon, then under exÌM for 
his kyalty, to i^pear npon 00 doTt' warnings and to 
hoar and oootheaaoM done.** Ontby'a Mem., p. 250. 

LETTIBMABEDAY, s. The day of the 
birth of the Virgin. 

*'Tho natirito of onr Lady oallit the LeUirmaredaw 
■ixt to oom." Abecd. Bm., A. 1541, V. 17. 

Thti^ aoeording to Ifaoplmrooo, ia the Sth of Septem- 
ber. Wyntown. ii 52i» It aeema to be thos denomi- 
nated, q. latttr^ beciianae pceoeded by Ladjf dojf^ or the 
dayof her aanmption, which falU on Aag. 15. 

There ia an tnoongnrity between this and what is 
oaid in another plaoe, where it is called the dav of her 
aasnmption. '* At the astHmpiiaune of onr Lady callit 
thototer Mmndaf.'' Ibid., V. 16, p. 617. 

LETUIS, LsTWis, 9. A fur. V. Letteis. 

LEUCH, Leuou, wet. Laughed, did 
kagh,S. Moe.^A.^. *^. id. V. 

The lordfa, en the tother side, for liking they 2n^. 

Oomm ami CML, Iy. a 

*'TheB an the bieehope's men UngK and all the car- 
dtnallia thameelffie ; and the Pope inqnyrsd ouhairat 
they Im04 /--qnhairat the Pope himseln kitgk verrie 
oanostlio." Rtaoottie*a Cron., p. 255. 

LEUCH, Lbuoh, adj. 1. Low in situation ; 
Bvuon. with Leigh^ Loth. ; L$ueh€r^ lower, 

I hsaid a hem Ai* sloatiy bUwa, 

ar soms Iter distant swain ; 
tii« pipe, in the IsmM kwn, 
Did eeho^eek the stiSb. 

r. 8ùtU§ IWs M, p» 875. 

—The moon, Uit^ V the wast, shone biieht. 

A. Saoift Fotmt^ l811, p. 8. 

Wed they msk psaes wttUn a year. 
An mak the taiss somswbat Umeker, 
rd mthsr sssXthan fum the Denchar. 

Hog^§aeoL Plaaroralf, p. la 

2. Not talU squat, ibid. 

Lbcjghlt, adv. In a low situation, ibid. 

Aold Reside stands sweet en the east sloping dais, 


An' kMckl^ lariu Lsith, whers the trsding 



A. aeote$ Peesu, 1811, pc 144. 

Leuchnbss, Leuohness, i. 1. Lowness of 
situation, Roxb. 

2. Lowness of stature, ibid. 

LEUE, adj. Beloved, dear. 

Hiaa to her seyd the qosn, 
~ ~ the bright, 

That art Ihir to 

9Sr IVMrwn, p. 189L 

A.-S. ley, cara% dilootnsb Alem. fi^ id. 

LEUED^s. Ladj. 

TbelfiMiiand the knight, 
Bothllfaik hath ssna. 

Sir JMdrmm, pc 161 

A.S. kkufdiffe, kk^ia, id. It aeema very doubtful 
if thia have anv affinity to hIa/, a loal^ (V. Laird) ; aa 
IsL itufd, lafaOf W^ ^*^ rendered hera, domina, 
whioh seem no wiee related to 1^ pania. [V. nnder 
JLody, Skeat'a Etym. Diet.] 

LEUG, #. •« A tall iU-looking feUowf Gall. 

OaeL Wtg^ "a oontraeted, sneaking look ;" Shaw. 

LEUOH,arfy. Low. V. Leuch. 

LEUINGIS, :pL «<LoinSy or rather lungs,*' 

LEUIS &IE. V. Leis me. 

LEUTT, Lewtt, frtt. Allowed, permitted, 

Gif TB war Itmi oar Sots on land to 
That with the wind and storm Is sU 
BUthlis we saUl held towart Itali 

£wy. Fwyil, 80, Sa 

Thocht a sublet in deld wald pass his lord. 
It is nocht Umgi be aa rychtwiM rsoord. 

WolteM, It. 88, ItSL 

A.-S. £(/'•0% fj^^oJi, oZrAia, aJt^-an^ coao^w9,ptT' 
mittere. The original idea is retained in Su. -O. <o/mmi, 
to leave, whenoe k/, permission. For to permii, ia 
merely to /ease one to hia own eourse. From A.-S. 
alef'om^ ia formed O. K otfealii, and the modem v. 
ailow. Instead of Uwfft, in edit 1648, leosome ie 
substituted ; which is indeed a derÌTatÌYo from the v. 
V. LiacK. 

[LEUEBAIRES, s. pL V . under Levebe'.] 




To LEUK, «. a. Tolook»S.O. 

ta* faMft to tiM iodM M tte ka, 

L 17. 

Lbus^ «» A look, S.O. 

I IHB. fior feidb I vadM Biftr, 
I dMM Mk MTMl to diftr. 

AmL» y^ 061 

UBUBE^A. Aglettii; u,<<a tefftfo'lichC 
A l^eam, a faint nj, Ayxs. 

A.-fli Airg% lior^oi, tnmàt% Id. feoK fonmeii 
yJMMwIi doming tiM plaM throagh which light is ad- 
"" ' **• * OmL Irir, vgBÌfitt ngit^ Ibw» ■nninft and 

[LEUBE,«. Afishiesemblingthe^sethe'* 
(GocÌMt jioOddbtf), ShetL; Dan. hire.} 

IJEUYNT, IaKYVxt^ adj. Eleventlu 

"•Aad mmi&È tU tmgHl faolw of thir CraoiUta." 
Btll«4yBp K k, ^ K 

OsbobMv tho MM hii aMirte^V ealL 

ToLEVE,9.ft. To remain, to tany behind, 

. to. be left; Z«^ pret, remained, tarried;. 

Cpartpr* liwiff^ need as a «^ bat genendly 

«*II b tho fayndar Sehvr," Mid AB^ 
^'lUlhjr ohlkUiu TjM now has taaa ; 
«aad BOB Imw Mw UhM wa har : 
** Ihaite aeho Bokia jao iwUl char.** 

n§ 3nM,iLV^ Edit 1930.' 

no oditor of WK tnm want of atlantioii to a& 
— >i— t idiom ia 8.« haa ehaogad tho bugnaga in oidar 
eo gifo it aomothii^ liko aa ootiTo f otm. 


li UH 1714^ oatin mora ridicolons ehaaga ia mada, 
•fidantfj lor tho oamo 

Bot thaLtiMt li^^apoo tha land. 

klaf aUobayaaod. 


Off n^daad to tha ^awaliy 
hodtharjidafytaacki _ 

If^that mjeht WMfjmm weld. 


rcra k ÌMsrtad in both ploea% Edit. 1620^ p. 186^ 


UBVEFUJU odj. Friendlj. 

Tho Dàka of BUMO in IniQf irf hand 
Wm to tho DokalModyB of Holaad. 
. . I Fyto w a , is. S7. 28SL 


I^EIVEN, #. A lawn, an qpen space between 
woods, JUiy leven^ a lawn oyenpread with 
liNit or flowers. 

aad aaa Bot ja that braid hnid mad, 

Ihat Um aeroai that Itfv Iram I 
That la tha pìÀh of wkhadnats, 
ThaP aoma eaU it tha road to haafan. 
Amhu Ma iUfawr, JML Minair., IL 271. 
Mm gi?oa naariy tho aooad of tho first part of 
wofd mCK which aupaifiaa pbmitiaa. Thia ia 
Mirdk JUifm aignifiaa pGuraa. Dm ia aa affix in 

fnrmation of noma. 

To LEVER, V. a. To unload from a ship, 
v. LnrsR. 

**Vùt baaida that thay might fall on va at ao% and 
ainko no all» wo oonid not mt time for thom to lever 
and taka oat oor stora.'* Sir P. Homo'a Narxmtivo, 
p. SI. 

LEVER,!. Flesh. 

I WM raddtr of rods than rota in tha roB ; 
Now am I a grKolam gaat, and gritlr I gron. • 
My liiMT, Mtiia kU. londied oo hiÀt 

v. Ltib. 

Loneked may aignify, oztondod itself, liko the Wp ; 
Oorm. Umg^enf porrigoio ; Er. al/ong^tr^ to lengthen. 

LEVER, LsuEB, Leuir, Leib, Lewar, 
Look, Lourd, adj. Rather. 

Bot Wanaoe weiUa coode noeht in Conby ly, 
Hym had ÌMtr in tmoaiU for to be. 

WoOoM, ilL S51, Ma 


. Raftue lie proihr f or jrit with the bad Imer 
Contend in batalt 

Jkmg, Ftryif, lOS, 27. 

Or thay thair lawda sold brfi or TaMalaga, 
Thay had ftr Inoor lay thaie life in wage. 

IhUL. 186, 11 

—Him war taatr that Jonmay wer 
Wndona, than ha ana dad had bene. 

Barbamr^ zilL 480. M& 

I Iià^ thar war not np and doon. 

Lp kdm^ t 3.P,E., VL 89. 

• Ikor bj flv, she'd die like JeaUn's hen ; 
Bra we again meet yon nnndy men. 

itoi^s IRrimorff, pc 98. 

I wad km9d have bad a winding ibeet. 

And helped to pot it owrs his bead 
Ere he bsa been oiaoaoed by the border Soot, 

Whan ha owm liddal his men did lead. 

Minaird^ Bonier, 1 1061 

**Leer, rather;" OL Snnr. Ayis., p. 602. 

£e«er, leifer, O.E. id. Uever, A. Bor. loar, S.B. 

Properly the oomponnd of l^, willing ; aa A.-S. 
Im/re of mqC Gorm. UAer of Ueb, Thna fiolg. Uetfer, 
rathor, ia formed in tho aamo manner from b^, Ikve, 
dear. V . Liir, adf. 

LEVERED Leverat, Leuere', Leuert, «. 
1. Deliyeiy, distribution. 

Tharfor be maid of wyne Uveri, 
To ilk man, that he payit anld be. 

Bofòemr, ziv. 288, US. 

2. Donation ; anj grant or allowance at par- 
ticular seasons. 

To ar fltf laige of leaiv«nf, 

Agane the eooiteonr ean uy. 

Apperandly je wald gif all 

The teindii of Sootland greit and SDiall, 

Unto the Kirk for till dupoae. 

And to the Gout for tiUgif nooe. 

DialL C&rk and Cowieour, p IS. 

[3. The dress, had^, or similar gift, bestowed 
upon servants, officials, or retainers, as part 
ot their wages, or as a mark of their office 
or adherence. 

" Item, tho thrid doT of Jannar, agano tho Parlia- 
ment, haldin efftir Znlo, for Uuerais to iz kinaman, 
zzxTJ li," (A.D. 1488.) AcctiL L. H. Tkeaaorer, L 16ft, 
Ed. Dickaon.] 

Fr. Uvrie, the delÌTOiy of a thing that ia given ; la 
fiorfo dt chanokeUt tho atipond giron to canona, their 




daily aOowuiot in ▼iotwdi or moiMjr. L. B, Ubrare 
and Uberath ware luad to donote th« proTÌtion mida 
for thoio who wont to war I aa also IV. /ivr^ V. Dn 
CSangi^ and Diot Tnw, Thua, tbe atatod aUowaneo 
^Ton to aanranta ia called their liverif-meal, S. Liverjf 
m naad in EL in a aimilar 

[Lsvsbe', Leuebat, Luverat, adj. Liveiy, 
badge. IbicL, p. 68» 233. 

**Itam, fSTin to Jamea Dawaotmia wif for xxiii 
mrnia and zztij hndis of iuoemw cUithia agane Gud 
Friday ; price of the gowne and hud ziy a. iiij d. ; 
aonuna xr IL li a. tS j d." (A.D. 14M-5.) Ibid., 

Levereris, Leueraires, «. pL Armorinl 

*' There ia dinerM princia thai gyfSà the trynmphe 
of knjehted and nobilite, ritht Umarairis, annii and 
heretage, to them that has committit vailyeant actis in 
the TeTria.** CompL S., p. 231. 

Fr. lieret. The word may be from Ihrtr, to deliver, 
L.B. Uberwre; becaoae certain diatinctive badgea iiere 
ddbtertd by the aovereign or anperior when he conferred 
the honour of knighthi^. • 

LEVIN, Levtn, $. 1. LiglitniDg, a flash of 
fixe; floinetimes fyry leoin.- ' 

Drm ikyii oft ftuth waipit hniUl tevm^ 
flaggia office, and numy foUoon flaw. 

Dou§, FtfyO, 90O, 68. 

The afcjii oft lyefataed with fyrj ktum, 


A Mlly light to Mae. En the tailes threwe. 

The atonee were of Rjrnet. the novae dredfulle and grete, 

It aftaied the flanurfne, ae Umen the lira cot achate. 

JL BnuuUf pi 17A 

la my Ihce the teMnin^ iniate. 
I wend have brait» ao waa it natai 

rwalM a$id GawtMf Ritaonia M. Rom., L 17. 

£€«ai» Chaucer, id. . 
S. The light of the sun. 

All thoodkt he be the hunpe aod bait of henin, 
Porfablit woz bia leaiand gilty Uui*, 
Thnm the dadvnyng of hia lane nnuid apere. 

L9, hia *' ahining gilded lighti or raya." 

Thia ia perhapa the primary aenae of the word ; 
enedally 9M it aeema nearly allied to A.-S. hlif-iaii, 
hnfiigtm^ mtilare, to ahine, to glitter. Levin may be 
viewed aa embodied in the Sn.-O. e. Uung^ to lighten, 
whence Ìkmgeid, anc lyngeH lishtning. 

O.B. **Leuffn, Coraacacio. Fnlgnr. Fnlmen. Light- 
yn or Iwe na yn. Comacat.'* Prompt. Parv. " Fulgor. 
imeàgnge that brenneth [boma]." Ort. Vocab. 

LEVIN, «• ScorD, contempt ; veiih levin^ in 

Sill naoer aage imdir aon ae me with aehame, 
Na loke on my lakama with light, nor with levin : 
Ka aana of the nvat dagra have noy of my name; 


Tent. k^f-en, kf-tn^ gamre, loqnitari? Z€iNe oooura, 
however, in edit 1608. Bnt Umn cooeeponda to the 

LEVINOIS, Leuinois, «. pL Remains, 
what 18 left ; leamngs^ E. 

O tbon oalye qohilk raath haa and pietè, 

^ * "ibiUpyna 

Qahilk waa the Orakia letUngis aad ramaaia, 

On the otttelliMU pyna of the Troiaoia, 

Oaanet wyth all naaar nacaaaiteia. 

Amv. VirfO, 81, 6a 

Alem. aieibom, leliqniae, al^ba, leaidna. V. Ijlwe. 

LEVYT, Lswrr, prei. Left. 

T hai dorat than abld ao aur ; 
Bot flad aealyt, all that thai war : 
And lfiiy< ia the baUiU ated 
Weill mony off their gad man ded. 

Avtenr, liv. 801, 1I& 

Than bona he tok, aad gar that iewtii waa thar. 

ITfllfaoa, L 484, na 

Id. Uif-a, linqm 

To LEW, Loo, V. a. To warm any thing 
moderately, nsaallv applied to liquids ;. 
bwedj warmed, made tepid, S. B. 

Moee.-G. Uukad ie need by Ulpli. to denote a fire. 
IToa waniMCHMÌf att ai imÀada ; Waa warming himaelf 
at a fire ; Mark zv. 64. The word pn^rly aignifiee 
light ; and haa been tranaferred to fire^ painiape becauae 
the one dependa on the other. Onr «. la evidently the 
aame with Tent. (aMM^«^ tepefaoere^ tepeeo e re. 

Lew, Loo, Loo-warm, Lew-wabme, adj. 
Tepid, lukewarm ; S. Lancash. 

Fatche bidder aooe the weU wattir Uw tearaM, 

To waache hit woondia. 

Jkmg. nrgO, 1S4, la 

Baayda the altera blade aehed, aad akalit new, 

4i^^paaB^HA e^v^av ^Htv^v ^e^^v weenaa^v aveA asa^rw vn^^an n^vaaes 

Thia word ia oaed 1^ Widif • 

'*I wolde that thon were ooold either hoot, but for 
thon art Uwt^ and neither coold neither hoot, I echal 
bi^nne to oaate thee ont of my monthe.*' Apocalype, 
c. 3. 

Tent. Genn. iauw, Bel^ Uew, low, Sn.-0. fy, whence 
lioNi, Umn^ laL iSyr, A/yr, mL A.-S. hieotK tejpor, maat 
be radically the aame; aa Belg. iaewie, Mfwfe, are 
avnon. Hue and Wachter view tiie Goth, tenna aa 
allied to Or. yVca«r«#, tepefacia With more certainty 
we may aay that an laL v., now obeolate^ daima thia 
term aa one of ita deecendanta. Thia ia hloa, to be 
warm, ffeiiag voin kloa; Aqnae aacrae (in coelo) 
calent; Bdda, App. 12. O. Andr., p. 114. A.-S. 
kUw-an, Meow-an, tepere^ fovere, ie ejrnon. Mr. Tooke 
viewa Ina, A.-S. kUw, kimo, aa the part, paat of thia v. 

Lew, t. A heat, GalL 

** Stacka of com are aaid to take a lew, when they 
beat,** in conaeanenoe of being built in a damp atate. 
GalL EnoycL V. the adj. 

Lewands, M.nL Buttermilk and meal boiled 
together, Olydes. ; synon. BUvrie. 
Probably from S. Lew, tepid, or laL A/ynni, caleaoere. 

LEW, «. The name of a French gold cx>in 
formerly current in S. 

— "That the money of vther realnua, that ta to aay, 
the Inglia NobiU, Henry, and Edwart with the Roae, 
the Fnnche Crowne, toe Salute, the Lew, and the 
Bydar, aall bane ooura in thia realme of onr money to 
the valew and equiualenoe of the conn that thay haue 
in Flanderi.^The Lew to zv. a., vi. d." Acta Ja. IIL, 
A. 1467, c. 22, Ed. 1566. 

[In the Aocta. of the L. H. TVaaanrer the value of 
the Lew variea from Ha. 6d. to 16e. V. GL to VoL 
L, Ed. Dickaon.] 

Thia, I think, muat be the aame coin that iaelaewhere 
called in pL the Lewie. The name had been aoftened 
into Lew m imitation of the Fk«nch mode of pronoun- 
cing it. 

•^Item, tnelf Xewii." Memor., A. 148a. Inven- 
toriea, p. 1. 

*' Item, in a pan of ladder ia the aaid box four hnn- 





^mlilMirti Jl till iMfc «r gold, aod in tlw MM p«n 
of kddtr of IVhmìm oraonii f jnr« himdreth thrt Mora 
* MH^ tmà of thiiiM twa Mtatit and four Letria,** 
nit MMM to Im tiM Mme ooin tlMl it stni dMomuH 
Lmtk 4*«% WlMthw it rwetrvd ite bmm from 
XL, who WM ooBlMBporonr with Juum IIL, or 
qt M hio pwdooMMra of toe mum nuM^ Ihavo 
ahlotoflod. Ititolmoiu,howov«r,thAtth6 
hoin dononiiMitad in tho mom w»t m thoM 
ogiiod Jkm i uM t, and PkU^ppi, and in kttor tuaM, CM^ 
iFaoobiiML AoL 

liEWABNEBOREL BeaATew. Icaohar- 
doDod with a piece of cast-iron, for maldng 
it fUnd the fire in a f orge, Rozb. 

Wr ihoiL wf thld^ aa' entting hlMt 
^y| ho old ply tham wan ; 
MMtkM flaoM ~ 

Tknt pipo and ffW «nM Òon, 

th^ urn addiMt, 

T.Xiw, «. 

(XEWARE, #. A layer* Aocts. L. H. 
TVeatnrer, L 85.] 

ToLEWDEB,v.fu To move heaviljr, S. B. 

Bal Btib Motd tho CUM, tad 7«t tb« iwato 
Wm diqipbif Am htr at OB onoo nta ; 
Showdlag Am sido to aide, and Uwdrimg oa, 
WtthUady'o oool q^ haaging oa htr droac 

ThM BMÌrfm it hir ania, oad Inodrmg oa, 

Ihro* Mnhs tad cnigi. with bmmit a ma? y groaa^ 

Ihto i» ladiMn/ tho omdo with E. loHer. Tent 
liaiii la, to il e r Mk mofari ; piobahly from Ukd^ Stt.-0. 

I«EWDEB» t. A handspoke for lifting the 
ndlbtones ;• the same with Lowder. 

Af P Mt^d a wSEÌM, itofn and itoat,— 
aaa in a las* bana to awaar ; 
— I wUh I haag| If wo wara yoked, 
Bot I ahaB aaray taayoar aida 
80 kag'a my toiMfr doaa aWda. 

JfaiCM'* PmmM, pu HI. 

LHWDSBy 9. A blow with a great stick ; 
as, ^Fse gie ye a Uwder^ Abera. 

f^ihopa uMatXtf tlio aamo with Lewder^ a hmid* 
Mk% aL, aa danotuig a blow with thia pondarooa im- 

ltSWiB| g. A lever, a long pole, Boxb. Y. 
LEWIS, Lbwtss, «• pL Leaves of trees. 

had kat thair coloaiia of plaaaooa. 

ITa&m^ ir. 8^ Ma 

AD rfdif thaiof; ala fbr aa oay aeU . 

Wm doak aad oooarit with thara dadaly tovu. 

LEWIT. V.Lawit. Hence, 
liKwmnBS, «• Ignorance, want of learning. 

Qohaio oeht la bad, gaia mra, or oat of gra^ 
My itwitmm, I gnat; bM all tha wyto. 

LEWBAND, /wrf . jyr. Expl. "* lowering;** 
lather, lurking laying snares. 

Tha lagaad of a Innmaria lyfa,— • 
Ana aiphe, ana aivaacba looaboa. 
Ana Uwrand lawria Uebaroaa, 

It ia maroly a diffwant orthography of Lomre^ v. q. r. 
The aenM given ia confirmed by the junction of the €u(J, 
with the «. lawrie, a crafty peraon ; m the paaaage con- 
taina a farther iUnatration of Xrowne^ kL» aenM 2. 

LEWBE, g. Expl. ^'a long pole, a lever;" 
Oall. EncycL; the same with Lewtr.' 

LEWBE^ 9. An ornamental piece of dress 
worn only by sovereigns and persons of the 
highest rank. 

"The Kynge cam arayd of a jaeketto of cramayn 
Telvet horded with cloth of gold. Hya Uwn behinde 
hjrs bake, hya beerde aomthynge long,^' Ae. FvanceUd 
Of Margaret, by John Younge, LSaad'a Collection, 
IT., 283. 

'* Hia temrt^ apparantly a kind of hood hnng behind 
hiabaek." Pink. Hiat. Skwt, ii 433. 

I CHI find no proof that thia aignified a hood of any 
kind. It aeema to have been a pieoe of ornamental 
draaa, worn onlv by SoToreigna and peraona of the 
higheel rank ; the aame, perhajpo, with L. B. iw'HtH^ 
▼Mtia imperatoriae et oonauUns apecÌM ; Or. \Qpw. 
It ia dcMribed m— Saperhnmerale, ouod impenale 
circondaie aaaolai ooUnm ; Dn Cange. It wm a/iucia, 
or fillet, which, anrronnding the breast, fell down from 
the ziffht ahonldor to the f^t, then embraced the left 
ahonlaer, and, being let fall round the back, again 
■orronnded the breMt» and enwrapped the lower pirt 
of the left arm ; the rwt of it hanging Ioom behmd. 
Thia, in later agea, wm adorned with preciooa atonea. 
Ite form WM alio oocMÌonally yaried. It wm worn by 
Peter IV. of Arragon. Homnan, in va, givM a very 
particular account of it. 

LEWS, LOWIS, «. pi Lewis or Lewes, an 
island on the western coast of Scotland. . 

For from Damfannling to Fifa-neai, 

I do know none that oLoth poaaeaa 

Hia Qrandaira'a oaatlaa aad his tow'ra : 

All ia away that once wm oara — 

For Mme aay thia, and aome say that. 

And others tell, I know oot what. 

Some say, the Fife Lairds ever raws, 

Sinoa they bann to take the lem$ : 

That baigain ftrst did brsw their bale. 

As tell the honest mea of CreiL 

VTotea'f CbUL, L 87. 
^Thia ia a corr. of Xewet or Lewia^ an ialand on the 
weatem coMt of Scotland. In conaaquence of the 
bloody eonteations among the Macleoda, with raapect 
to the aaooeHÌon to thia ialand, a grant wm made of it 
bf JaniM VL to a number of nroprietora in Fife. 
IWa is a prettjr full account of tnia buainaM in the 
Hkiorp A^ tfte CcnfUeU among the Clang. 

"Thebarona and aentlemen of Fife, hearing theM 
troublea, were enticea by the perauaaion of some that 
had been there, and by the report of the fertilitjf of 
the ialand, to undertake a difficile and hard intoipriM. 
They conclude to Mud a colony thither, and to civilize 
(if it were poaaible) the inhakntante of the island. To 
this effect^ they obtain, from the King, a gift of the 
Lewa, the year of Qod 1509, or thereabonta, which 
WMaUaged to be then at his MaJMty's disposition.*' 
Conflicts, p. 76, 77. They were therefore called the 
trndertabert, ibid., and hence aaid, m here, io iake the 

Moyaie designs them "the gentlemen enteiprizera 
to take the Lewe* ;'* and speaks of their *' undertaking 
the journey towards the LewM in the end of October 
that aame year [1509].** Memoirs, p. 200, 263. 
It is also Wfittsn LowU, 




**Thftl Um ftol imdt of btfow Mitnt Um fiaefaisff 
A iMiiriiig of hnring 9l TtUr teh at th« wMt aey Aod 
XmiIi, bo ol m n u t 4k kapiti in tyme to oum m wm 
oHaail of bofbrt bo tho poriÌAmont.'' Acta Ja. IIL, 
1487, Id. 1814, p. 183. 

[LEWTENNAND, «. A lieutenant. Lynd- 
mjf Dial Exper. and Coorteoor, L 4268.] 

[LEWTS^ •• pL Leave-takings* Barboor, 
n. 109, MS.] . 

LET COW, Lea Cow. A cow that is neither 
with calf nor gives milk, as distinguished 
from a Ferry awf^ which, though not preg- 
nant, continues to give milk, o. B.; pron. 
q. lay ecw. 

Sappoood to bo donoraiiiotod hoiii the tdoaof gromid 
■ol ondtr ovop^ or what lioo <qf. 

[LETCHE,*. A physician. Accts. L. H. 
Treasurer, L 177, Ed. Dickson. V. Leche.] 


[LETFF,v.a. To leave. Ibid^ six. 421.] 
[LxTF, f • Leave. Ibid., v. 253. Y. Leys.] 
LETNE,;>rfl. Lied, told a falsehood. 

Por rikUrl J, lot thon wyto oiithon Iqfiu, 
IteMi nw BOMT Tooor with hii one. 

Dtm^. VwgO, 7. 17. 

** As mpm for mr, and /eyiw for /W, all lor tho toioo 
nkob" Bodd. 

LEYT,pr«C. Beckoned. Y.Lat, 3. 
To LEYTCH, v. n. To loiter, Tweedd. 

8«.-0. imtU-jaif picnri* otUri; lai, piger; AIool 
eik S. ifliy. 


Bot wdaaly thar oomo la tm his thoebt. 
Out ooww wok at Stiilyns bryg off trt, 
L iM mi d ho aaid. No poaaago la for me. 

WÌmSì^ ▼. 804, Forth Ed. 

la MB. ilisaddkMd^ ^gKing, 

(LETYEBIN, ^rf. Making a paste of flour, 
and stirring it up with milk or water 
while boilinfl^ ShetL; Dan. Uvnndj IsL 
Uframd^ caoung to congeaL] 

[LI, V. tmpsr. Let, allow, ShetL ; O. Goth, 
tt-o^ to bty peimil^ allow.] 

LIAM, Ltax, s. a strings a thong; pi. 

Klzt ofUr qohaaa tho wafooiDO haa reaaano. 
Ha that tho laaoha aad lywwa in aonnder dnao. 

AmV. Ttfya, 148^ 40L 

Of foUhi ooid wova lyaaiif. and tho atringla 
f oaifauUt oo^loaot in maaaio foldia riogia. 

^B<»00 ^IfoNOiir, L SSL 

This word k still aaad in Twood. for a ropo mado of 

Jr. *^ 

fir. Bfli^ a striag^ a cord ; Arm. ttom, id. fiamo, 

to bind, to tio; Baaqno^ lio, a ooid. Thio BoUol tìowb 
aa tlM origin of all tao worda abovo montiooodv aa wall 

LIART, Ltabt, Li AED, a4f • L Having gray 
hairs intermixed, S. 

At boghta in tho mominff nao blyth lada aio aooniii^ 
But wooora ara mnUod, itaH, aadnaj. 

flomn 9f Om FigtmL 

" A tocm appropriatod to donoto a poeiiliarity whioh 
la oftan aaon to affoot agod poroona, whon oomo of tho 
looha booOBM gray ooonor than othoro ;" Boo. 

Hio poaaaga ia othorwiao givon by BLitoon. 

At harat at tho ahoaring aao yonnkara ara Joaring, 
Tho banaton ara ntnklad, lyari^ and graf. 

i»aoii'« i Aava, ÌL S. 

Thia word ia ofton oonjoinod with pray. 

BAar mid«o« tho laifiv lyia ftall laag, 
lat nia hair ia tomit lyoH great, 

Ma&iaid FomuM, pi SIA 


Ebowhara it iaoonaoetod with Aoir^Lo., hoary. Thoa, 
Honryoono apoaka of 

— — XyoH h>kia hùir. B eam. P., pi 18L 

Itiaappliodtoahoraoof agroyooloar. "Anofkirf 
hora ;" AiMnL Bog., Oont. 16. 

2. Gray-haired in generaL 

I know hia oaaoo haio aad lyari borda, 
Of tho wyaaat Romano Kjng into tho ordo, 
Noma POmpiliiia.^— — 

Amy . FitpO; IM, SS- 
Ir. Uaàk aignifioa gray, gray-hairad. But tho ro- 
aamblanca aaoma aodaonUI. Lord Hailoo dorivoo 
thia tonn from A.-S. (oc; hair, and Aor, hoary, Bann. 
P.. Koto p. 284. Tyrwhitt oboonroo that thia word 
** bahnigcd originally to a hurt of a gray ooloar." In 
thia aonoo it ia naod by Chanoor, when ho makoa tho 
oartor thna addroaa hia horao : 

That waa wol twight, min owon Uard boy.—JVoroa T, 

8. Spotted, of various hues, Galloway. 

Bail, lovoly Spring t thy bonny Ijftai fiio^ 

And hood wt* plnnuocka deefc'd baapaak tho aon'a 

Batom to Uoaa thia lala. 

Dmwidmm*B Snuoms^ pi L 

——Into tho flood 
Of aarr frtOk tho /yorf gaor ia cafft 

Aad aodlad ogg^ and budiaa withoot donpa. 


Thia ia what ia dooignod '^aprecklod atora " a low 

Tho immodiata origin ia oithor L. B ttanf-iii^ aooord- 

ing to Da Cango, that oohmr of a horao which tho Fr. 

«Jl gri§ ponmeU, d^plo gray ; or ItaL leatdo. In 

. tho aamo aonoo Hard Iroqnontly oocnra in tho O. Fr. 

To LIB, LnsB, v. a. To castrate, to geld^ S. 

LiBBEB, «. A gelder: sou^^tMer, a sow- 
gelder, S. 

Tovt tmbb'^n, caatrara, omaacnlaro; IMer, oaatrator. 

LIBABT, LiBBABD, LiBBEBT, #• A leopard. 

I ho maat oowart 
Ba maid atootar'than a /tterl 

Boròonr, xf. 024. ICS. 

Ho abo vaoa Ubbard^ Ibid. st. S; which oocnn in 
E. worka. 
O. E. **LMaffL Laopardoa." Prompt POnr. 
Alom. tibaert, Bolg. Wmard, id. 0..E. (ktrd. 

LIBBER, $. <<A lubberly feUowf 01. 


Moroly a alight ohaago of E. hthber. 




AT, «. A luge itaff m baton. 


W iltft, tad tnik AM UU«ria|r 
lillll kii iMad. and on tiM Hara 1m itmrt 

Dmr^ JfoAlBfuf Foimi, pk 288: 

^XAI< ft gr«il eadgd, oaed to knook down frnit 
and to thmrnl oocfci. Konl" QL 


nnd »• vailot at Ui bnk ; 
And «M IMirly fU IjrtU to lak : 
WItk aao vdd iM botth wod and wnith 
Ò^ St Uat apairit how aald ha ^a elaith I 

Wim or «aordk» or lalhar aoma wocd of two qrllablea, 

iting in tha third Una. Bat mora 

',' it ia tho aama with tha praoadinff word ; aa 

that tha aorief, for tha daanca of hia maater. 

OinM nalal( which no maana to ba daapiaad. 
Xkaa it aypaaia that^ mora than thraa cantoriaa ago^ 
iàÈà aalf-unpoitant thin& callad a footman, waa no 
tànmmm to tha naa of tha com; and Sir W. Soott 
asflwnad tha firat two^ aa aigni^rìng^ *' two aarving 
■aa aad » boy in mieUitry.*' 

LIBELT, «• A long diaooiine or treatise, 
Bttr. For. ; merelr, as would seem, a oorr. 
of iL Ubet, if not trom L. B. libelUu4cwn. 

UDAYìS^' LiKAifiB, Lecam, Lekame, «. 1. 
An aniwiatad bod j. 

ayliaaaM ba bud nnlaiafit to daip. 

ftibtn 1 baf^gurt yona barna bow, 
Aa I bafo Baia B|iia atow. 

Lm^ ''My body, fkaad from tha wai|dit of armour, ahall 
Me ba laid to laat in my bad." 

In aB hia bHty iiioaai nocht ana apot 

Mimg Smrt, L, t^ % 

ÌM tU nma aanaa it ooema in O. E. 

In anakn and paaaonoa, patfcan bam many 
In napa to baoa altar btauenrich bliasa ; 
And mr tha looa of oar Lord, liuydan fu barde, 
Aa Aalona k Hamata, that bold nam in bar ■elles 
And aa o a t aa nooafat in ooantrey, to caiien about 
Vor no UmMTOoa uoalod, bar Iwham to pleaAa. 

JP. Km^Uoh, Sisn. A. 1, adit 15S1. 

S. A dead body, a corpse. 

Hia Ikoaty maoth I kiwit in that atad, 

Byoht now maalik, now bar. and brocbt to dad ; 

And wtth a cLdOl cooarit his /teMk 

WtJlaet, ?iL S81, MSL 

A.<& BgÌBWii, Id. laiaau^ Sn.-O. Utameu^ ane. 

Alam. fiMofN, Genn. Ukhnam, Dan. leaeme^ 

SoBM viaw it aa componndad of lie, tha oody, 

Moaa.-G. oAmo, tha apirit ; othars, of He, and A. -3. 

, n oomringi Somnar, who pvaa tha lattar aty- 

tiunka that tha tarm proparly danotaa tha oovaring 

«1 tha body. La., tha akin. V. Lnc. 

lACESTfVart.adj. Accustomed; properly, 

** Banana tiiny war oompanyoona to Tarqoinia, tbay 
war IkcnC, dnnng tha ampira of Kingia, to frequent 
timirbHtia.withmairopinranyaia.'' fieUand. T. Lit., 
pwlia AtmtH, Laf. 

[LIOHE^ s. A bodTy either alive or dead ; 
hence tbe term Hehe-vfokej ltfke<cai€f or 
hhwake^ q. r. V. LiK.] 

I«ICHSLU8| <M^\ Fiob. for UcheruSf lecherous, 

Ha acalkt bim fewlar than a ftiil ; 
Ha mid ha waa ana Uekdut bol. 
That croynd a?ao day and niebt« 

Thi% I aoapaet, ia an arror for Ueker-M», laaeÌTÌoaa. 
Or, it may ba a word of tha aama aignificiiti<m, allied 
to Fland. tack^ kaoivna, Oarm. lakk-m, laaoiWra, 
aeortaii, loaè-an, aaltara. Sn.-G. ìek^ Indara, bMciWra. 
Doahar naaa Hdiour for laohar, and Uehraim for laohaiy. 

UCHT OF DAY. ^ She canna see the Ikht 
o* day to him," she cannot discern a fault 
in him, S« ; q. ** day-light has no brightness ' 
in comparison with him.'' 

[LIGHT,*. A lung. V. Ltchtnis.] 

[LIGHT, V. n. To alight ; Uchi a/, to alight 

[LIGHT, adj. Light, merry ; light-headed, 
giddy, S. V. Lycht.] 

LiCHTBB, LiCHTARBy adj. Delivered of a 
child, S.B. 

BoTyn bondyr wyntar and saxtona. 
Qoban IjfcMam waa tha Viigyna clena, 
Fapa of Boma than Orogoia.— 

fTynCofan, t. IS. SS2. 

¥nOia'a ta'an bira o'ar the ftwm, 

Ha'a wooed a wife, and brooght her hama ; 

Ha'a wooed her for her yellow hair, 

But hia mother wrought her meiUe care ; 

And meikle dolour gard her dria. 

For li^hUr she can never be. 

But in her hour ahe site wi' pain. 

And Willie moomi o'er her in vain. 

Mmdrdty Bordtr^ it 29. 

O ! ia my com a' sbom, ba mid ; 

Or ii my toon a' wont 
Or my lacly lidtUr, mu tha itraan. 

Of a dochter or a aon t 


Toon a* won, tnrfa aU dried. 

Thia phxaaaology occora in tha Legend of St. Mar- 
grata ; whara a enriooa acoount ia ffiven of the ima- 
sinad power of fairiaa, or of wizardi, over unblideti. 
La., ttnoaptiaad, children. 

Tbar icb flnda a wiif. 
That taater ii of barn, 

Y 00m ther also lone, 
As euer ani am : 

Y eroke it fot or ann ; 
other tbe wiif her seluen. 
Of chiMehed be forfam. 

r. 01, Oomp. A, p. 811. 

The aama word ia naad by B. Bnrnna, p. 310. 

The queue Hanerete with childe then was sche, 
inie kyng bad hir not lete, bot com to the north cuntre 
Unto ttotherton, on wberfe ther scho was 
k UgkUr of a sonne, the child higbt Thomas. 

At thia word I find tha following marginal note by 
one whoaa good taata will not ba called in qneation ; 
••ThiaiaaTeryalegUktphFaaa.*' Sir W. Scott. 

Of theaa linea— 

O t ia my ooni a' shoni, ha said ; 
Or ia my tours a' won f-- 

ha ffÌTaa a different recitation, which ia nndoubtedly 
prararabla : — 

O I ia my bama broken, boy ; 
O are my trowers won ? 

Tha aama moda of azpreaaion ia naad by Sir Jamea 




*«QyM nko is UdUer of hir Uiih, or qahoi th« 
tiiM thMfol k byport^ Mbo mU b« jiutif yit ud d«iiiuù 
for kir Itmpmìl m aao wmnMi not baand with ' 

Tbio Modo of oipranioH, m St •!• 

to hATO been oomnum to the Northern 

IiL Ad wtrda IMore^ eniti pertnm ; in our 
litHnUy, «'to be liohter t** The oi 

oppoeite M, 
165. Si 

gmvidn mnlier ; O. Andr., p. 16o. Sn.-0. 
id. from id. UdU, Urf% attoUo; iieU-ur, Sa.-G. 
fattt; ÌOTÌi^ tight. 

To LiCHTBBy LiOHTBBy 9. o. 1. To unload, S. 

8. To deliyer a woman in childbirth, Aberd. 

[LlOHTiB, adj. Light, light-headed, giddy. 

[LlOHTiB, «• A light, giddj womaui Banff s.] 

[LlOHTUB, •• Lit. that which makes light 
or pleasant. Applied to meat or butter; 
aa ''kitchen'* to the potatoes or bread, 

[LiOHTLiB,ac^*« Contemptuous, depreciatory. 
v. Ltohtlt.] 

To LiCHTUB, Ltohtlt, Liohtue, v. a. 
1. To nndenralne, to slight; to despise; also 
written fytkfy ;. 8. 

**B&k aoa wmt thai ar oom to stnit and digniteif 
tneht mOf thai ar be onm ingrati and lyekUdt me." 
OoomL a. p. 199. 

'*dnt we king of Sootiand was greatly commoTed 
tittoa^ his paaMge into England : not only he himaelf 
UgkOM hf the earl qf Donghw, imt alM he thooght 
aomo 4|ttiet diansiht to be drawn betwixt the earl of 
Doo^na andthe ningof England to hia great diihonoor 
aadoffnoe.'* Pitwottie^ ^ 38. 

**Tk«wlio till thame qnmlk eontemnis, diapyua, and 
%<Uelf him and liia gipdly lawia, he is ane mychty and 
potent ivge, to qnhaia power a will na creator may 
maknaistenoiL'* Abp. Hamiltoan*a Catechisme, 1551, 

nia mi^t aeem aa errat. f or lyfihleU, did not the 
mmm ortiiography oooor FoL 100^ bw 190^ b. to. 


Ay TOW and protait that ye ears oa for me, 
for Snr that the wyle yonr ttacj itm me. 


M ye may UMUp my beauty a 
net aaiUMr, tho' Joidn ye be, 
hat ihe wyle yonr ttacj trwè m 

Ainu^hr. ML 

S. To slight, in bye, 8. 

I laan'd my back onto aa aik. 

I thoodit It was a trnsty tree ; 
Bnt flisttt bow'd and erne it brak, 
lofe did IvAtf y me. 


'ittiion's & Am^ L 16S. 

I ha^a UMt with no aimilar v. in the cognate Ian- 
gvogM. Thia ia eridently formed from the ac(f. 

8. Applied to a bird, when it forsakes its 
nest. It is said to UehtUe its iie«f, S. 

L10HTLTNB88, Ltcrtltkess, s. Contempt, 

He gat a blew, thoeht he war hd or lord, 
Ihsi profHTyt him ony liiekUwiUM, 

Waiiaee, I S49, 1CS>. 

In iMdttfjriMff thai maid aasner him tiU, 
Ana him dyspysyt in thsr langage ale. 

For thai ware few, and thai mony, ' 
Thai lets of thame ryoht lychtly. 
Hot swa said aane ao» that ware wye : 
Wye BBsa eold drede there Innymye ; 
For ipektlgnet and sucewdry 
Drawys in defowie oooMwnialy. * 

WpUawm, vilL ML 61 

To LiCHTLiEFiE, Ltghtleftb, 9. O. The 
same with lÀchiUe^ to slight, to undervalue, 
Boxb.; [part. pr. lichtìijuin^ Uehtlxfiean^ used 
as a »., tne act of undervaluing, banffs.] 

" Mnoht it pleia mai aonmyne lege, not— to luekU^* 
/^ myne honor sa that I can ill brake.** Hogg's 
Winter Tblee, ii. 41. 

It ooonrs also in a prorerbial expreesion oomnion in 
Dnmfr. '^When the Laird ikhuyii$ tho Lady, see 
doea n' the kitohen-boya.'* 

[LlCHTLiEFOW,€u(f'. Haughty; looking down 
on or slighting others, Sanffs.] 

To LICK, r. a. 1. To strike, to beat, to 
lash,S. A.Bor. 

Bat DoTle, lad, Fmred ye're glaikit ; 
Fm taald the Hose ye has negleckit. 
An' gif it's see, ye sod be lidbeC 

^b^wp ^wm nn^0 wv ^^a 

2. To overcome, S. 

Sn.-0. kiegff^f ferira, perontere. Ihre obeeryea that 
Plantna naee piH^No Ujfirt in the same aenae; abo, 
teipkme ietfert. He viewa kneng-a as a diminutive from 
Um-o^ jaoere. laL io^-o, Ugg^ia^ transfigere, per- 
foden ; aliaa loffg^ ▼erberibus caeden. Hence lag^ 
ictoa, n stroke. Han geek a langU ; He received a 
stroke : UQtf'logt the art of striking; or to express it in 
the langnage w this rofined age, '*the noble science 
of pogiusm.*' V. VereL Ind. Germi i/ttf-a^ ^nere, 
also signifies sternere;, prosteraere, facero nt jaceat ; 
like A.-S. lee^-on, whicn has both senses, Jacero ; pul- 
aare, steraero, oocidere. Somn., Benson. 

Lick, «. A stroke, a blow, S. To give one 
Aii lichf to beat, to chastise one ; a vulgar 

When he oonunitted all theee tricks, 
For which he well deeerr'd hie liektf 
With red^soats he did latennix. 

Forht^i Domimk Ikpodd^ p. 2& 

Johnson mentions this aa a low word, used by 
Dqfden. Ha derivee it from the Torb^ while he hai 
mentioned no similar sense of the latter. The v. lirk 
ie indeed naed as a provincial term, both in the N. and 
S. of EngUnd. 

LICK, t. A% soft OS lich^ a phrase used in 
S. to denote any thing that is very salt. 

The word may originally have simiified a lye made 
from ashee ; as beìn^ the same wiUi Tout, fedbe, lixi- 
vinm ezcolatom à omeribas ; A.-S. Uag^ id. Or it 
may be allied to Sax. lakt^ mnria, salsogo ; Kilian. 

[LiCKEK, LiGKiy, «. A beatings Clydes.] 

LICK, f. A wag, one who plays upon 
another, S. 

Hs'e Dslthfaig bat a shira daft fidfc. 
And diana care a flddletUck, 
Altho' yonr tutor Curl and ye 
Shoa'd serve him eee in eli^. 

ibMiMf*« ^poas, I. 842. 




Miimm'9 A Jbwfi, L S71 
horn 8«.;0. Id^ U. lea-o, to pby. It 

UCK OF GOODWILL. A small portion 
at medjriv^n for grinding corn, in addition 
to ihfà ftml mnltnre. This had been at 
fint entirrij gratnitons, bnt came af ter- 
waidi to be claimed as a part of the pay- 
ment for the work done at the mill, S. 

— **0«oi9» Simih d««MM% thai the multiird paid is 
1| jpaein of ahealing oat «C amy 18^ paeka» with one 
kali paèk of nftad maal, hj iraight, for tha boU of 
ahaalmft aa a Udk qf ^otid^wiR, bnt chimed aa due.'* 
Abrtnol Ptoof Hwp a ftt i n g the Mill of DiTenuneay, A. 

^*^. Wllaoa daponaa, that ha did not maaanre or 
w^tfaaSdfcfl/^MNl-aMK.'' Ibid., p. S. . 

Aia ia paid to tha imdar iniUar, not to the tacka- 
■Haa of tha milL 

** Thai ha paid tha 17th peek to the tackamaa of the 
tnSL aa mnltara : That ha alao paid mUek€f good-vHl 
to the auDar, and tha qaaBlitT'*waa aoooiding to hie 
oaMTvaaoa. iDMUf ^ »#. 

ThatHBi Bern Mnmi meant to agpreei a email qnan- 
tito't aa if only aa much were demanded aa one would 
Map from one'e hand at a time. Itiaappafentlythe 
aaaw which ia otherwiee called lock. 

**Tha asqaala are tha mall paieeb of corn or meal 
ffraa aa a ma to tha iervaat% over and above what is 

' ' to the mnltuer ; and tlieT pew by the name of 

•'- nd of btumodt, and bek, or ffowpen. As 

of theee ia not nanally ezpreeeed in the 

of the rights it ia vaanlalea by custom." 

EkakÌBè'a Loalil, p. SK 

LICK-SCHILLINO, s. A term of iepit>ach 
eaprasnhre of poTerfy. 

JMdkmàìtlimif hi the BriD-hoase. 

Dwiftar, MwKfffwm, iL M, it tf. 

by Uekiag what b called sdUff»iv at 


a adlL V. SoHmjiro. 

UCE«UP» •• 1. A bat of iron which prevents 
the eitmdi from slipping off the swingle- 
trees in a pkmgh, C^des. 

9« A martingale for a horse, Ettr. For. 

UBUtkL n fibola. a ciasDL ibfcrlT. a chain : UeUt-kL 

S. A scrape, a difficnltjr, Clydes. 


(To LICEEN, V. a. To laj to one's charge, 

[To LiCKLiB, e. a. SameasToLiCKEN,ibid. 

Sw. lila% to Ekaa* Baa. fi|spie.] 

LICEIE^ #• A small piece of wire hooked 
at one end, nsed for drawing the thread 
throng the haek (or eye of the iron spindle 
on which theptrn is placed) of a spinning- 
wheel^ Upp. Ulydes. | 

LIDDER, LiDDiB, adj. 1. Inactive, sluggish. 
A. Bor. Uiher. 

Te war not wooal to be la liidir ilk aae 
M Bjcht batelUs and werkis VenoriMie. 

Zto«v. Fwya, 991, SSL 

lÀddtr 4Mdlit slow progresib iòÙL, 10, 7. 

This is nndoabtedly allied to the O. E. v. **LUem. 
or kmgjB tariyn. Moror;** whence ** Lylin^ ortary- 
inge, Mora.*' Prompt Penr. 

2. Not forward, in comparison of others. 

Thocht I be in my saking lidder^ 
Ipray thy Chaos for to oooskidiT, 
Tnow hsB maid baith Lordii and Lairdis, 
And hes genin mony liche rewairdis. 
To theme that was fell fiv to seik, 
Qohen I lay nichtlie be thy cheik. 

lyatfM/f WarkU, lfi92, pi 202, 268. 

3. ^ Loathsome,'' OL Sibb. 

It 18 nsed bv Dooglaa in a aense apparently different 
fitom that of sluggish, in the description of Uharon : 

His smottiit habit oner hit schulderis Udder 
Hang psosgely knjt with aae knot togidder. 


This correepoode 

BordJdus ez homeris nodo denendet amictns. 

Radd. refers to A.-S. ^re, neqoam. Bat thia 
seems to have no afiinity. It is probably formed as 
a oomparatÌYe from lUh^ moUia, lenia ; whence UUintue, 
inertia. Germ. Uederlieh signifies careless, negligent. 
It may be allied to Sn.-0. fal, IsL kUur^ Uzy, laeUia, 
lariness. IsL Mtfar, howcTer, ia rendered tnrpis, 
sordidns, Sw. Ued, from IsL £eMf-a, taedio afficere, 
molestnm et aegre slioni facere, nt ab incaepto desistat ; 
Verel. Ind. Hence, headda, ItaL laido,Vr. Uade^ foedns. 

LiDDEBiE, adj. ^Feeble and lazy;** GalL 

In the senee of feeble, this word might seem allied to 
O.E. "Zee^yorweyke. Flezibilia.''^ Prompt. Panr. 
v. LiDDBa. 

LiDDKRLiE, adv. Lazily. 

— Debora rolit Jnda 

With spreit of prophede, 

Qnhen men wes saeir, and dmet not steir ; 

Bat loridt luidertiiL 

Af^^Omid^ MaUUnd Pomng, p. 144. 

LIDDISDALE DROW. A shower that 
wets an EngUshman to the skin, Selkirks. 
V. Dbo w. 

To LIDE, V. n. To thicken, to become 
mellow; as, ^the kail haena had time to 
&fo yet,'' iuig., OalL 

•* Lidtd, mixed, thickened, ftc" GalL EncycL V. 
Limi^ w. id. 

LIE, #• The relatÌTo position; applied to 
ground ; as^ *^ It was a warm Ue^ Ang. 

LIE, adj. Sheltered, warm, S.— LYE, $. 
Shelter. Y. Ls. 

Lissome, oA*. <* Warm, sultiy,'* 01. Shirr. 
AbenL Frob. the local pron. of lu$ame, 




TUs OTplimlioti 

to Nte to the loUowmg 


UI^mjwIm; I ter that bin'! m l^t. 
T« btttar lAt »• mm yon ot a wm, 

It WlUM bt IM fTMt A lift to IIM. 

Skirr^w Fomu , pi 90. 

Tbo vofdy M ttied in this mdm^ most hsTe * com- 

too foaatoin with Li and Lrbi^ calm, a.y. 

Thli^ which ia fendarad in Shirrefa GL "Warm, 

•idtrjrt'' ia, I am aaanrad, neraly tho Abaidaan pro- 

anneiation for Xnaomc or loraly. 

[LIED, #. Diligence, Shell.] 

[LiCDFUL, adj. Diligent, ibid.] 

LIEF, Leef, $. The palm of the hand, 
AbercL ; for Lu/gf q. ▼• 

Oona Mar mi^ Kan, lafa Um thj ehatk an* /kT. 

lWrr«fl^« Pmm»t p. 121. 

LIEFIT^aJy. Lonely, solitaiy. V.Lesfow. 
[LiEP-ON, adv. Quite alone, ShetL] • 
LIEOE,«. AsubjectyS. 

**Itwaacoacliidod,thatthaking'alattarahoald be 
printad and pnbliahad, that thoraby it ahoold oome to 
tfao knowlm of the Uearn.'' Qntibiy'a Mam., p. 124. 

Thia wora ia not naaa aaa«.inS. InO. E.we find 
** iCfdU man. ligioa. XfcAekrd. Dominoa Ugiua.'* 
Prompt* PlvT. 

Fr. Sege^ Oge, vaooal ; naad, howavar, aa an adj. with 
kommif man. L. B. Ug-ÌMt, qm donuno aoo ntione 
fondi Tol sabjactionia fidam omnam contra quomvia 
praeatat ; Dn Canga. It ia darifad from Lat. ug^aUs^ 
bond ; whanoa abo ligiOf confasdaratio^ foedua. 

Ob Lkget adJ,, aa ai^pifyingaoraraign. Dr. Johni. haa 
ebaa r r a d, ** tìùM aiflufication aaaam to hava accidaat- 
•Oy lioan fkom tha fonnar, tha lord of Uege mea, baing 
by mialaka callad [Om Iml.*' 

Bnt it cannot waU ba thooght that thia haa riian 
**aoGÌdantaUy'* or "by miataCa." For wa have laen, 
that tha phraiw ia oaad by one who may ba anppoaed 
to hara Known tha lanjmaga.of En^and aa well aa 
any man in hia time ; and thia in a Tery carljr period. 
Ffeaanoaa, a praaching Friar, baring compiled the 
iVoM^lartMR, A. 1440. V. Lanstoft'a Chron., ii. 624, 
#20. T^rwh. Chancer, 4tOb ii. l36u It haa obviooaly 
baoa inteodncad aa a metonymy Tery common in Ian- 
gnagau Kor haa it bean connnad to Britain. The 
nhiaiw DamimMM LMmt^ aaed by Firanncea, had pro- 
oahly bean borrowed from the continent. Caipentier 
haa quoted two chartara in which it occnra, the firati A. 
1208. l|go Hoflo caateUanua Vitriaci notun facio— 
qnod ^go in pl^giam miai cfoniiMam mean Ligiant 
Hianffham illnatrem comitiaaam, ke. It ia found in 
anotharof the vear 1221. Vani ad fidelitatem tiomÌHae 
maaa Ligiae Blanohae comitiaaaa, Ttecenaia palat'nae, 
at domkU um Ligii Theobaldi natt ajoa, cooutia Cam* 
paniaa at Brian Falatini, à eiadem feci homagium 
ugiitm. It occnra abo in an arret of Philip of France, 
A. 1209; Qnidqnid tanetar de ileau'jio LnjUt àc. Du 
CSaqga^ wo. Ligie Tenere, 

[LIEGER, 8. A hallibut (Pkurofèectes hippo- 
gloiius) ; Dan. lige^ IsL %-a, flat.] 

UESH, adj. Tall and active, So.\b. Y. 

'* Whan I came to the brow, what doaa I aee bat twa 
lang Umk chapa lying aleeping at ither'a aidea, baith 
hmit wi* tha aama mand ?** Biownie of Bodabeck, 

[lAESOìiE, adj. V. under Lie, ad^.] 
UESOME-LOOEINO, a<(^'. Having the 
appearance of falsehood and lies. 

"I never thooght I wonld have ramambarad half o' 
tha fieaomc foolM^ linea o* the anld baUad.** BUckw. 
Mag., Aug. 1820, p. 618. 

LIETHRY,«. A crowd. V.Lithbv. 

LIEUTENANTBY, $. Lieutenantship, 

—"Ha want to tha chancallor'a lodsing, and in his 

Eaenca laid down hia patent nader the great aeal of 
UetUmoMirg,*' Spalding'a Tronblaa, i 10. 

commonly used, in urmng a regular settle- 
ment of any business, irom the consideration 
of the uncertainty of life, S. 

'* Bat-H0e an a* l^eMke omd deaikJik^, Elahie, awl 
there raaUy ahoold be aome black and white on this 
tranaactton." Tklea of my Landferd, L 200. 

Tha idea la,^'* flow healthv apaver we appear, we 
ara in common with othara liable to death ; and thia 
may tdce place without preWoua warning." 

Life-thixkinq. If one proposes the query, 
— ^* Is such a one living yett" it is a com- 
mon reply, ^Aye, he*8 leeM and lift- 
UdnldrC^ Angus ; having no expectation or 
appearance, but of the continuance of life, 
i.e., in a vigorous state. LemxC and life' 
like, in other counties. 

Kelly mentiona it aa a cMrife anawer given to the 
qneation. How do you do? — '* Living and ^ thmkUkg ;" 
Prov., p. 400. 

Lifet, adj. Lively, spirited, S.; Callander's 
MS. Notes on Ihre. 

LIFT, Lyft, 8. The firmament, the atmos- 
phere, S. 

^With that tha dov 

Httich in tha ^/t taXL glaida he gan behald. 
And with hir wiogia aorand mony fiald. 

DoMg. VirgO, 144, S& 

**J(f the l^ /an, we*a a' gaUker IsaerodU, a proverb 
naed when a peraon expreaaea improbable ezpeetationa. ** 
GL Compl. a Mora generaUy, " 3lay be the lift wilt 
fUl, and amora the Uverocka ;** apoken to thoee who 
are afraid of every thing evil befalling themaelvea or 

A proverb ia commonly naed in Holland, which ia 
perfectly analogoua. AUde lugt waU wa alU da Utn- 
wriUeen dood ; UteraUy, ** When the Uft fiOla, aU the 
lavrocka ara dead." 

Another proverb ia used, in relation to one who poa* 
aeaaea great power of wheodling. It evidently alludea 
to the idea of the faacinating power of aerpenta, by 
meana of their breath. //« eeMia aaadb Ma tarrkkt wt 
rftht ((/%, S. B. 

Lgfie^ and l^ aeem to have been uaad in the aame 
aanae^ 0. E., although overlooked by Jun., Heame^ ami 
other e^ymologiata. 

The hnrde ha thalka tyroe angle* synge ywya 
Up in tha ^^fU a murya aoag, k that mmn waa thya. 

ML wEaac, ^ 280. 

A voyce was herda on hygh the f^/le, 
Of woicba all Roma was aflrad«le. 

^owar, Coaf. Am., FoL 46, k 




In I tliÌB biÌQg a bid ooMD. 

^'^ %A MTf Alan, hipài, 8a.4>. htft; UL U^ 
hft^ Id. Agèit la Mm, a lopl la aMwn lmtiim» lopl-o, 
te MnM A iHni bvo^ (O. Andr.) E. olieA. Thu it 
tlM* tfak it the origin of tlM v. /{/1, to 

*% q. to cony «p Into the air. Some havo derived 

jL«gLJU y ow, k ee yen , from the QoUiio verb MipMÌyiog to 

u Bnt flchilter lenden it q. AoeMn, awnmam 

'beoMwe it ostenda like a Ugh eoftaia; va 

I And that ICr. Tooke laTerti the etjmoo giren of 
9lfL Ho vieve the & tenn, iignifyiiiff fiimament, ae 
wmnàf kBM^ the peat part. orL-S. W-Joa, to ele- 
'nàm I OM aa eqaÌTalent to Amoos frcMa htaf'tm^ id. 
IKfWB. FlBlej, li 161, 102. 

To LIFT, V. a. 1. To cany off by theft, 
espacMlIy used with respect to cattfe, S. 

TUi tarn hae been adopted b^ thoee who^ Uring on 
tha wilhiea of the Highianda, did not deem it ex^di- 
•Bt to mro ita prmr name to a practice fonneriy aanc- 
' \ oy .the meet powerfol chieftaine. 

had bean commonly adcqited in the low 

\ aoeeriyaa in the heginning of the ae- 


**&i fleptawhfr there came a company of High* 
and 4^M-oot of Fkendrang^fa gronnd a 

iber of gooda ; bat Fkendranght himaelf, with aome 
■■MBv followed ahaiply, and brooght back hia 
haOI gooda again, without atraik of awwd." Spal- 
dÌMfaT^onble% L S2. 

•\à hji^land «ntleman«-told ma^ that a certain— 
eUef of a oonaiaatable dan, in mounaginff lately an 
•Id ehaftar cheats found a letter directed by another 
flhiaf to hie gnmdfather who ia therein aaanred of the 
immediate rmtitntion of hia lyUd^ that ia^ atolen cowa; 
lor tibat ho (the writer of the letter) had thought they 
bdH^d to the LowUuid Laiida of Mnnav, whoae 
gaoda and eflbcta ought to be a pr^ to them aU." 
latlan from a Gentleman in the North of a, ii. 03. 

^Tkm gatbeMiug ia of rente ii caU*d uplifting them, 
■ii the ataeling of cowa they call f(^Mp, a eoft'ning 
weed lor theft ; aa if it wero cnlycoUectiiig their dnee. 
Iho principal time for thie wicked practice ie the 
Miehaelmm mocn, when the cattle an in condition fit for 
merkala hdd on the bordem of the Lowlanda. " Hence, 
ha obee r fu a , the ''malidoua myiog of the Lowlandert, 
via; That the Highland kirda teU out their daaghtera 
iMlera by tho UgSt of the Michaelmaa moon.** Ibid., 

It la to bo obeerred, howerer, that the Highlandcra 
" " ' the tenn to the act of driving off a 

number of cattle ; Tiewing him only aa 
_ the name of a ihkf, who did nia buaincm in 
a idddling way, contenting himaelf with a aiagle car- 

** * But to be the daughter of a cattle-etealer,— a com- 
OB thief f—* Common thief !— No auch thing; Donald 
T^aaa never ^fUd lem than a drove in hie life. — 
Bo thai ateela a cow from a poor widow, or a atirii 
firam a cottar, la a thief ; he that l\fi9 a drove from a 
flaaanaeh laird ia a gentlonan drover.' * Waveriey, i. 

Tha E^gHah writer quoted above^ adda ; "It baa 
^Èbm ooenrrad to me^ that we have the word tkop^ifìimg, 
in tto aanae of ataeling^ which I take to be an old 
K||^Bah eompouad word.** Lye, indeed, when ex- 
nlamlng the Moee.-0. word, aaya ; ** Hence, our /(fCfr, 
m aeany the eamo aanae^ chiefly in compcunda, 
however, aa aAop-liftar,'* èc But even although the 
latter ahooU be allied to the Moee.-0. term, it ia 
aaaroely a upp oeaa b le that the word need in S. aLould 
have had an origin which would acknowledge that very 
gailt whieh It ia meant to veiL 

It aeeme to be merely an accidental coincidence that 
Moee.-0. A/j/l-ac, algnifiea a thief, and A/^-oa, to ateaL 
Juniua, however, ie uncertain whether to connect it 
with Or. ffXffenif, fur, or with Belg. /(/)«€», levara^ tol- 
lere; OL Goth. 

2. To remove from one phuse to another; 
synon. FliL 

"The marquiall/MhUhoueehold and flitted haatily 
to Strathboggie." Spiddingi i. 68. 

3. To plough or break up gronnd, Ayrs. ; au 
old word. 

[4. To heave, as applied to the chest ; ex- 
pressive of difficulty in breathing, S.] 

5. To ascend; as, ^ 7b Lift a Brae^ to ascend 
a brow;'' GalL EncycL 

To TjIFT, v. fi« 1. [To start, or move forwani, 
with a load] ; also applied to the company 
at a funeral beginning to move forward to 
the place of interment; as, ^The burial 
wiU lift at twall o'clock,^ i.e^ the proces- 
sion will commence at that hour, S. 

" Lift^ a term much uaed at ruatic funerala ; let u§ 
ìlfi^ my thoee people at theae occaaiona, when they 
have had five or aiz tervUxs,** Ac QaU. EncyL 

Thia uae of the «. originatee from the aolemn cere- 
mony, performed in aome parte of the country, of the 
nearmt relatione of the deceaaed, with their heaila un- 
covered, lifUng the coffin in which the corpee ie con- 
tained, and placing it in the hearae^ called in Lanarka. 

[2. To rise, to ascend; to disperse. Generally 
applied to clouds or mist; as, ^The day'ill 
be fine yet, the clouds are UftiiC^ Clydes., 

Lift, b. 1. A load, a burden. *^L\ft, in 
Scotland, denotes a load or surchaxge of 
any thing ;'' Johns. 

Thia ia accurate. It ia a common ezprmaion, "She 
baa had lang a heavy lift o* a aick man,^ S. 

Dr. Johna adda ; '* If one be diaguiacd much with 
liquor, they mv. He hae got a great lift" For thia I 
know of no authority. 

[2. Help to lift or to bear a burden] ; hence. 
To Gie one a Lifty to aid one, to give one 
effectual assistance, either literally, by 
bearing part of a heavy burden, or meta- 
phorically, S. 

" Now the principal thing in hand joat now— ia thia 
|ob of Porteona'a : an ye can ^ ue a lijk^ — why, the 
mner tomkey'a office to begin wi', and the captainahip 
in time." Heart M. Loth., u. 85. 

[3. An amount, a considerable sum ; generally 
applied to money; as, ^He got a lift o* 
siller fin*s uncle deet, an' that set Mm on's 
legs,"" 61. Banffs.] 

4. The first ireak or ploughingi ibid. V. 


I have met with no veatige of thia idiom in any other 




5. A beave, the act of heaving^ as applied to 
tlio ebetty ezpieanve of great dimciiltj in 
braathini^ or oppressive sickness. **He 
has an nnco I(/i at his breast,** S. 

8. A trick at cards, Lanarks., Meams. 

ff • Laige nnbroken waves, ShetL] 

Lifted^ pari. pa. 1. In hi^ spirits^ trans- 
ported, elated, Aberd. 

[2. Dispersed, dissipated; applied to cloads 
or mist» 8. Y. v. n. 2.] 

p. Forciblj carried off, or driven awaj as 
booty, & y« V. a. 1.] 

LnTSB, «• !• One wbo f ordblj drove cattle 
sis a bogty, 8. 

<« T« BMdBA ask whM Bob Boy Mb tiM TCÌTÌng lì^ 
llHitlMÌs.'' Bob Boy, m. 41. 

' Wbj, iMn. tbs lads ol WMtbamflat» for tm laag 
bsfo Mitt raiTttS aad Uften." TtJm of My 

2. -A shallow broad wooden bowl in' which 
milk is put for casting np the cream, 

LiFTiN, Limvo, #• !• BemovaL At As 
lÀfibngj just about to remove ; used in an 
active sense. 

TUs anny, by aad aMonr 10^000 baasafla mea ia 
oltiUil^Mig/' SpaUmfr i. 802. ^^ 

[2. Giving in, becoming verjr weak or debili- 
tated.] At the UfUna^ in a veiy debilitated 
state, applied to either man or beast| 8«; 

. nsed in a passive sense. 

* n aa«BB to havo batn orinnaHy naad in reUtkm to 
a brato aoiiiialt ao anfaeblad liy aavara azartioiit or by 
diaaaaa^ aa to hmw lalteD to tha ground, or to ba nnabla 
to niaa itaalf aftar lying down. It may hava baen 
b oMu wa d from tha paatwal lif a^ aa primaiily iq^pliad 
to an CMalr abaap. 

p. «No a UfHn o* tU moutW not a particle 
of food, ShetL] 

LIFT-HAIT8E, #. Said to be an old term, 
denoting the left hand, Roxb. I strongly 
sospect, however, that it is a cant or gipsy 


adj. Applied to the dirt on the 
streets, when in such a state of consistency, 
as to adhere to the feet, q. apt to be lifted; 
a low word ; Boxb. 

To LIO, tr. n. 1. To lie, to recline, Aberd. 



8bna ar tba waehis Uoaand on tba waL 
Op^rt tha pofftia, kit in Uum faria aU. 

1?MV. y^^^ 47, ML 
Ma atabt aall ya Or within mina annea, 
Hmmoow my brida aall ba. 

VOL in. 

•«Zi^y«ilnfiiCA<f«;liadowntbara. Korth.** OL 


, hanait, a^d. elay WsfÌBi - 
on tha fliftin' thon'a Imvm*. 


Pitkm'§ PotmM^ 1788^ pi 18a 

2. Used as eqnivalent to lodge^ q. to reside 
dnnng night. 

** Ha— wottld Ug(f§ in para mania bonaaia aa ba bad 
bauM anatvaTalloar throngbtba oonntria, and would 

raqnyra ol thama qvhair Ea Indgad, qnbair tha 
waa» and qnhat ana man ba waa,** so. PitMOttia*a 
Gron.,p.»a. Xodyed; Ed. 1728. 

8. To have carnal knowledge of, Clydes. 

A.-8. fiff-ondlaiiniiaiiM^ moachari ; /brUgam^ fomicari. 
Moaa.4akV«H A.^ tieg^m, hL ig^ Sn.^. Hgg-a, 
Chano. ^^pe^id. 

4. To bring forth. Ewes are said to be 
Ugging^ South of 8. 

To UO, V. fi. 1. To fall behind, to lazy ; 
from E. to lag, Buchan. 

«*Zi^to ten babind; i^9&^-lalling bahind ;" 

[2. To speak a great deal; to gossip, BanfFs.] 

[LiooiN, LiGOAK, s. 1. The act of speaking 
mnch ; the act of gossiping. 

2. The noise of people talking. 

3. As an adj., given to mnch talking BanfFs. 

Lig ia alio naad in tba firat two 


[To Lio-iiAO, V. fi. To sjpeak a great deal of 
idle talk, Ban£Fs., Clydes.; part. Kg4aggin^ 
nsed also as an #., and as an adj^ 

LIO, «• A league, a covenant ; Fr. Ugue. 

" All SchlrafiSa aonld hava ana dark dapnt to thama 
ba tha King i tha anhilk aaU hava na Ug nor hand* or 
ony wayia oa bona and obUat to tha Schiraf, bot to 
tba King aUanarUa.** Ez lib. Soonan. Balfonr'a 
P»aotieka,p. 18. 

• • 

IIGOAR, #. The name given, in the south 
of 8., to a foul salmon. 

Parhapa from Ug^ to lag^ aa fiahaa of thia apaciaa 
baooma lonl by /ymg too long in tha fraah watar, aad 
not going to tna aaa. 

[LIOGAB-LADY, «. A camp follower, S. 
V. Lbaoeb.] 

LIOGAT, «• A gate, so hung that it may 
shut of itself, GalLy Dumf r. 

A. -a idid-geai dgniliaa paaadothynim, ''a fidaa gate, 
a poatain ^ata^ a back door ;*' Somnar. But I auapact 
that Lya giraa tha maaning mora truly, whan ha rendara 
kOdifaia and klid-geaL Talvaa, La., folding doora. 
B^f(orùm klid-geaitpnm foriboa. Tha tann aaama to ba 
formad from kUtCoMt operira; or Afid, opartoriom, 
whanoa E. Ud; q. a gaU with UtU. 

Maotaggart, bowarar, axplaina " l/hg^ * raolining 
gati^ from Ug, ttf radina, and yalc" Gall. Enoyot 





lb UOIIT^ 9. a. To ondenraliiey Ajm. 

^U JMT worthy filMr had baon to the fort, yo 
■ft div^ to hM apokmi in' so amororaioo to 
thokiid U^ tiio loddy, 00 dooo a' 
hoyo.* Tho Eotoil, uL 81. 

Tho oommoii & o. is £<dUlk. 

[Vo LiORTLnit LrcHTLTt 9. a. To thiak or 
•peak Hghiljr of, to despifle, S.] 

To LiORTLiBFiB, «. fi. <*To despise;" GL 
Pidub. Y. under Liobtub. 

UOHTDT-IN-ELDIN. Small brushy fael, 
. audi M fiine» thorns, broom, &c*; thus de- 
nominated, becanse it must be constantly 
attended to^ so as to be stirred, to prevent 
Hi djing ont, Boxb. 

LiIOLAOy •• 1« A conf osed noise of tongues 
aa that of a multitude of people talking at 
the same time, S. 

S. A great deal of idle talk, S. 

8u Iàf4afm often used to express the idea 
tfhidi one has of a stranee language, or of 
vmntalligible discourse, S. 

flaah io the torn whkh alowlandor oppliet to a coo- 
I imiiua a Qaalio I dig a fy-fay at Mcy Sa 

(To L101.AO, V. fi. *< To speak a great deal of 
idla-telk,'' OL BanfEs. Part pr. Ua-laggin, 
Hied also as a $^ and as an adj.i in the latter 
aeoie it means fond of idle talk and gossip, 

MOOR m Dane'a lifo of Alaunder, for 
of swordii probably from IiL hUuh-a, 

1» a O* Aadr. 811.-O. Hkk-a^ Itrinacalam crepi- 

odUff^ Ihiow Taal Atfdfc-ta, ortpitara, ìdkh^ var- 
Hael-tfiii ▼orbtcaio rtaono iota. Tha re- 
hi Iha form of oar word danotoa tha rtitor- 

of thanmaortimOarooonda. It may hara bean 
fkom efidModfc. Sa.-Q. Ugg-Ot howarar, aig- 


UONATE, f . An ingot or mass of metal 
wUdi has been melted. 

azaentora to 00a HoyQ, who 
liar to tha dafandara, and had of tham 

la Uanaie§ of ooppar fnniiahad by him to 

ftaitaiiih. Dao. 8appL» u. 477. 
Ar. Ba j t l y id. Maoaga danvaa thit word from IM, 
q. **m tongna of matal )" othara from ita dimin. 
T. LoroAV. 

IJK^ «. A dead body. 

Oaha aw thIt ift ha bad hir Doeht dany. 
waUatt^ teho laid, that full worthy hat btyiia. 
Tkam wawft tehou that pate wat to ttyna. 

U. Mk 8il4>. Uk, A.-8. ttr, id. Tha So.^. term 
■rimanly aigniftaa an animatad body ; in a aaoondary 
MMO^ OM that ia daatitato of Ufa. Mo6a.-G. Uik, lal. 
lA A.-8. %c* on otod with tha aama latitiida. Hanoa, 
U. %* Aytta, a ooffiik» ^ òons a biar. V. Ucatm. 

lb tha aaaM origm ara wa to traoa Exbmwo Ueekwajf, 
•fàm path ÌB whieh thadaad ara carried to ba boned, 
l^watCS. '*LydUordadabody. Fonua. Cabana. 



LiKB Walk, Ltk-waik, Ltkb-wakb, #. 

The watching of a dead body during night. 

Ab noBT lyne he takin hat anone, 

Bred taJ Tbroeht betjde the flade Ufent. 

Qaham that he ettiUet fer to tend from thent* 

To Pallet like watÌBÙ and obteqoitt. 

To ttrow hit frineral fVre of blrnand trelt. 

At wat the cite, with uodt of pritoneritt 

Bftir the aold rytet into mortall werit. 

Xhwf . Vwga, S8S, A 

Mr. Brand aoppoaea that Pannant haa anooaooaly 
writton laie^uaie: Popular Antiquittea, ^.26. But 
thia ia tha modem oorraption of the term in S. 

Sibh. Qaea thit improper orthography. Lya haa 
jottly obaenred; that ¥>aÙs ia oted by l)oQglaa merely 
m tha aana e of woibe, it being common with S. writ- 
era to intert/; Jan. Etym. The word ia erideatly 
fomiad from A.-S. lie^ a body, and wae-kui, to wateh. 
y. LiK. 

Thia andant enatom moat probably originated from 
a nlly aoperttition, with reepect to the danger of a 
oorpaa bemg carried off by tome of the agenta of tha 
iafiaibia world, or ez^otea to the ominooa libertiea of 
famto animala Bot» m ittell^ it it certainly a decent 
and proper ona ; baoaoaa of the poatibility of the per- 
aon, oonaidared aa dead, being only m a awoon. 
WhateTar waa tha original detign, the lik-wcUse leema 
to hava very eariy degenerated into a acene of fettirity 
axtramely inoongmona to the meUncholy occaaion. 

Pannant givea an amoting aoooimt of the atrange 
miztore of aorrow and joy in tha late-hnhea of onr 

''Hie Lai0-wahB ia a ceremony need at funarala. 
Tha araninff after the death of any perton, the rela- 
tione and menda of the deoeated meet in the honae, 
attended by bagpipe or fiddle; the neareat of kin, 
be it wife^ aon, or daughter, opena a melancholy 
ball, dancing and grettmg, i.e., oryinff Tiolently at 
tha aama time ; and thit continaet till day light ; bat 
with aooh gamboli and frolica amons the yoonger part 
of tha company, that tha lota which oocaaion«d them 
ia often more than anpplied by the conteqnencei of 
that night. If the oorpee remain onboried for two 
nighta, tha aama ritet are renewed. Thua, Seyikiaui 
like, thav rejoice at the deliverance of their frianda oat 
of thia life of mitery. Thia coatom it an ancient 
EnglUk one, perhapa a Saxon, Chaueer mentiona it in 
hia Knight'a Tale, t. 2960— 

Shall not be told for me. 

How Ardte It brtot to athen cold ; 
Ne how the /uAe-woiy wat vhald 
AU thflka Bight 

It waa not alone in 8eoUami that theae watohinga 
degenerated into exoeaa. Such indecenciea we find 
lo^ ago forbidden by the charch. In vigtUii eirea 
corpora mortuorum veiaiUur ehorem et cantUenm, §eeu' 
iaret UuU el alii turpeM et fatui. Synod. Wigom. An. 
1249.** Pennant'a Tour in S., 1760, p. 112. 

Tha Ub-wakè ia retained in Sweden, where it it called 
wofafa^o, from wah-a^ to watch, and perhapa atuffo, a 
room, an apartment; or cottaoe. Ihre obeenrea, that 
'* althoogh ^thaaa wakea ^oold ba dedicated to the 
oontemplation of oar mortolity, they hare been gener- 
ally pattoH in playa and compotntiont, whence they 
were prohibited in public edictt ;'* vo. Wake. 

Not only did the Synod of Woroettor prohibit 
aonga, and other profane, looee, and foolith amute- 
menta ; bat enjoined that none thould attend wakea, 
except for the purpoeee of devotion. Nee ad dictaa 
Vigiuaa alioni veniant, niti cauta devotiouit. Du 
Ganga, vo. Vimliae. 

Cnttoma had prevailed, in aoma parte of tha ooontry 
at leatt» that were more analogout to the occaaion of 
maaling. Tha reaaon why thaea ware ditchargad, by 






ia IhttnigB of GhariM L, il ia not eaay 

Baaitfag of holy l oript a rii, ood nnffing of pmIbm 
dltohMsod at ^faMoAei^ foy aot of Ao town ooan* 

oil of AboraooB, hy pomunoii of this Cant and hia 
fallowa.-«Y«t thay oowd not g«t ainging of paalma and 
faadingat Ukimate$ altogether anppreat." 8palding» 

[IJK9 Ltk, V. imper9. "< It sail lik til ws,** 
it shall be agreeable or pleasant to ns, 
Wjmtoiin, viii. 85, 38. A.-S* /yctan, to 
please. Y« Ltk.] 

[To Lis, LnEE, v* a. To love;, to delight in, 
LnCAND, part Pleasing, agreeable* 

Dona tnidi tha tjm aaa ilvar lan with ftimnis 
80 lartaly raova tha Ijfkand lamis, 
« 1hatallthalaikaahunpdklleinaof]i<^t. 

A.-a. fieJend; plaoaaa» daiactana. V. tha t. 

LiKANDUB, Ltkaztdlie, odv. Pleasantly, 

8a tifttmdiit ia paaoa and Uheitè, 
At tfe hià eommoBB papU foueniit h«i 

iMmg. Ftrya, S6S, 11 

Lnmrcs Liktko. 1. Pleasure, delight. 

It oeeua in that baantifiil paaaaga in Tie Bruee. 


A! òadoBMltaaoblathingl 
tfM man to haiff 

Ha lafya at flia, that fkaly 


TLftmir, I. 826, M& 

S. A darlings an object that gives delight. 

And I mQ fUlow th^ in (Uth.or with fayU be feUit 
Aa thy bfi man tela, my Igkiiuf then art 

ITatilate, UL 1& 

In thia aanao letttn ia giyan by Bay aa a Korthom- 
hrian tatat s Mnaaiiia. ^******^- 
A.^ Ifem^, pteaanxa^ ddight. 

[LIK, a<^*. Likely, probable, Barbonr, xvi. 

[LiKLTlfSS, «. Likeness, likelihood, ibid., 
iiL 88, zi. S44.] 

[LiXNTT, part. pa. Likened, ibid., i. 396.] 

*LIEE, cHfe. 1. Abont; as, ^LÌke sax fonkf 
"* Ztit three onks,*^ S. 

S. As if, as it were; sometimes prefixed, at 
other times affixed, to a phrase, S. 

*'Tha lady, on ilka Chriatmaa night aa it cama 
' roond, gao tw^vo aiUar panniaa to ilka puir body 
abont, in honour of tha twalra apoatlea (tie.** Guy 
Mannaring; L M. 

LIKELY, Ltklt, adj. Having a good ap- 
pearance, S. 

Off ^fVlf man that boro was in Ingland, 

Ba ioara and tjt that nycht deit ▼. thousand. 

fraOaef, fii. 618, MS. 

TUa word ia naad by Shakaapaara. I taka notioa 

eloharrimna s Haima Kr. Tom., i. ^ 880. From /«it, 
ans, Ihra darivaa ^«0, to piaaaa^ baoanaa wo ara 
plaaaad with what ia baaatifnl. 

To LiKLT, V. a. To adorn, to render agree- 

Bo ma bahvfit whilani, or ba dam, 
8am baatard Latyaa, Fkaaacha, or loglit oil, 
— To kaip tha aentanoa, tharoto oonatreinlt ma, 
Or that to mak my 9È,rna ■hort aom tyma, 
Mara oompandloa, or to itVy my rymai 

Ekm^. F«rya,6,18. 

^ Fènnod frooa tha adj. 

LIL FOR LAL. Tit for tat, retoliation. 

Yoor catala and yoar goda thai ta : 
Toor man tha ipar n<raght for to sU, 
Qahan ya aet yoa thaim for to grswa : 
To aanra yoa sua tha aak aa lava, 
Bat ay tha qwyta yoa lU/cir lai. 
Or that thai akala thara markat alL 

fTynlotPii, is. IS. S9. 

At fiiat Tiaw thia phraaa aaamad to hara aoma refar- 
aooa to mnaioal qrmphony, q. ona atroka for another. 
V. LoJL. Bat I haTO aoddentally diaoovarad, in tha 
kwa of Alfrad, wliat mnat andoabtadly bare baan tha 
origin of tiia akpraaaion. It ia a law raqoiring atrict 
rataliatioa ; Honda for honda, fat for fat, banung for 
baming^ wnnd with wand, lael wUh laeU ; i.a., hianain 
pro mann, padam pro pada, adaationam pro adoatione, 
Tolnna pro Talnara, vibieem pro vibke^ or, atripa for 
atrifM. It ia indaad tha Tarr langoi^ of tha A.-S. 
▼araion of Ex. zzi. 24, 25, only wUh ia naad throagh- 
ont tho paaaaga tharob bat /or in aoma of tha claaaaa 
haro ; both having tha aamo maaning. Thaa hel for 
iaele, would ba proeiaaly tha aama aa uul toUh lade. 

LDLiL, 9. The whole of a wind instrument. 
y. OL Samsay. In Edit. 1800, this word 
in pL is erroneously printed UU$. 

Go on, than, Galloway, go on. 
To tooflh tha fttf , and Mond tha drona ; 
A' ithar plpara may atand yon*, 

ML €hiknoQ;/9 Poewu, p^ 154. 

V. Iiiur, T. 

"Ho— oonld play waal on tho pipaa;— and ha had 
tha finaat fimpnr for tha baek4iU batwaan Barwick and 
Gariiala.'' Adgaantkt, L 227. 

LELLILU, $. Lullaby, Selkirks. 

Naa nkalr tha daoia ahall yoong aon roclc. 
And aiag bar liU»4if tha whilai 

ifo0Sr« MmU tifEUdom, p. S2S. V. Balow. 

To LILT, V. n. 1. To sing cheerfully, S. 

Tfo haaid a lilting at oar awea milking, 
Laaaaa a' Uliina befora tha break of day. 

Flowen t/ForeH, RUmmft & Somgt, IL 1. 

Oar Janny ainga :.iftly tha " Cowdan Broom knowea,** 
And Roaia UUt awiftly the " Milking tha fiwaa." 

JiamMi^s P omn if ii. lOS. 

LOU noiHiy, Edit. Fonlia, 1768. 
In thia aanaa it ia alao appliad to tha maaio of biida. , 

Tha fan looka in o'er tha hill-haad, and 
Tha lavarock ia liUin* gay. 

Jamùmm't Fppultar BaU., iL 152. 

2. To sing on a high or sharp key, S. 

Somatimaa tha phraaa liU ii up ìm aqnÌTalant to 
" raiaa tha tana ohaarfoUy." 

3. As denoting the lively notes of a musica 1 
instrument, S. 






«1 tb« tnriiig f 

atm phiMSb te ^ aim' doiMi^ to 

VÌTMÌty I Villi 

Bid viM'te kt lOtfiii; r fW vnr. 

ITi DlwivdL to tiM MoMt dMT 

r«t MoVd kli viol with • ifii. 

nyii^ ■o fth rr OL ibid.* n. 161. 
rLmoMUn iMra ft * ràiiilw 

UM of tÌM toflll« 

4. To Bit out, to take off one's drink memlj, 
S-y im oblique aenie. 


Jùid M M Wt a U jthMOM bowt 

SIM ehwk/W drbk fUr. 

; lo4 Im4 mtio Juff- 

KìlÌM. G«nB. IflMt-M, Alsoi. Ii«l-ai, aeem 

mmIt allitd to Ltià^ % tong, q. t. In OL 

tUi » d«riv«d from XtO; q. t. V. aIm 

m*^M mUK^B^ 

ToLff •• 1. A chewfnl ur, in music ; pro- 
- perijr qyplied to what is sun^ S. 

At totMl ahM tUi gkdMBM gMrt do6i Sn. 
Wtth itniM Uwt wvm ov iMafto lik* euMl gfll, 
AbA Imm thM^ ia th j omqablto gatehsr^i iongiio, 
11m bljthMt lOte «hikt iTfr ay loffi bMid rang. 

fb dbterywp hwrti lH citoal to yoo • UJL 
8m fi M^ te A «n b«i IMmi tift. 

Mèr imm' s P9tm§, p. 121 

t« Used in the sense of laj or song. 

I QIBMI MWk to bs IMb da 

IbrlMifciliflt^ ^__^_ 

S. It is at times nsed for a monmf nl tune ; 
hot^ I apprehend, improperly. 

teoT L •* UjUidtmf bony boany Urd, 

li thsl a tab ji boRow t 
Or M iOBa woras jsVa kant Inr roto» 

Qreia flT dool aad aoRow r 

/■flilfii ffrffff IL IflflL 

4k A hive draught or poll in drinldnj^ fre- 
quently repeated, Fife. 

LiLTiiro, $. The act of singing cheerfully, 

XilLT-PTPiE; s. A particular kind of musical 

IB tt«i Mr Laaja tibal loftu with ItUbc and liat ;— 
Iba M^fiM and tha lateTo* citfiiU in Sat 

-iw -. BmOalt, la 10, Ma 

'Ite tt-MM* «^ Bitooo, ««ia probably tba 

Ml a. 8oa& OXT. Thia oonjao- 

oaa ba by analosy, 
„ ftba aamtiitw of Um aJgniSi^ation of Taut. M- 
Mm^ kdU-p^ipe, tibia etnenlarias wbanoa foOSe. 
fSp't a P^*r oa tfaa bag-pipa^ ntrionlariiia aaeanlaa, 

IJLT| s. The apkAa€p a disease of chil- 
drsBi S. 

ULT-OAN, s. The yellow water-lilj, 
Nymphaea lutae, Fife., l^erths. 

Danominatod pailiapa^ q. *' tba lily in tfas form of a 


LILY-OAK, «. The yulcar name for the 
flowering shrub called Luaeh^ S. 

ULTINGK /Mr!, pr. Limping, S. 0.» synon. 
Biking^ Perths.; allied to Isl. lall^ lente 
ffradi; hence a little boy is denominated 
mU from the slowness of his walking. Isl. 
loU<i ÌB synon. with faU-a. 

[LDfATER, LiMATiK, s. A lame or crooked 
person, a cripple, Ayrs., Renf rs. V. Lami- 

* LDf B, f . A mischievous or wicked person ; 
as, ^ Ye're a perfect limb,** Boxb. 

riu-a fòn, Da. and Sw. Im, a limb:] 
TbiB ia an alUptical axpraaaion, oaad for a ** Umb of 
Satan." or a •' d«vfl*a anS." 

[LiM* o* THB Law, s. A lawyer, a judge ; 
any officer of the law, S.] 

LIBiE, $. Olue; 01. Sibb.; [bird-lime, 
Clydes.] Tent. Kjmf gluten. 

[To Lime, Ltmb, v. a. To smear with bird- 
lime, ibid.] 

[L1MB-BOD8, s. pL Twigs with bird-lime, 
ibid. ; fytne^^dif Piers noughman.] 

LDfEQUABREL, #. A lime quarry. 

. — " To baaa fk win lymaatanaiain tba lifmequoT'ettUf 
pairtia fk boondia of taa toon k landia of Paiaton,** &o. 
Acta Cba. L, Ed. 1814. V. 640. 

LIME-RED, «. The rubbish of lime walb, S. 

«* Wban aold it fetobaa laaa tban balf tba prioa tbat 
ia paid lor tba lima rabbiah, proTÌncially Itnw red, of 
Aoardaan." Agr. But. AUira., pw 437. 

LIME-SHELLS, s. pL Burned lime before 
it is slaked, often smiply shelUf S. 

** Witb tbia Briot wa maaawa both tkOU, or bant 
atonaa, and alaokad Bma^— <8ft€tt» will waigh about 25 
•tona waight tba boU." MaxwaU'a SaL Trana., p. 191. 

*'To afiong land thay giro from 40 to 70 boUa of 
KmaaMbtotbaSootebaora." P. Kinafl; Stot. Aoo., 

LIMESTONE-BEADS, s. pL The name 
given by miners to the Entroehi, Lanarks. 

"Tba Ihdrocki by workman in Kilbrida ara— callad 
iinMitoMe-òaacti.'' Ura*a Hiat Rutharglan, p. SIO, 320. 

LIME-WORK, LiME-WARK, s. A place 

where limestone is dug and burnt, S. 

** lima ia mnob naad in tba diatriet of Urqnbart, 
wfaicb ia diapoaad of at Oartaly, a UnU'Work balonging 
to Sir Jamaa Qiant of Grant." Agr. Siirr. Invam., 
p. 41. 




UMITOUB, «. An itinenuit and begging 
friar. T^dale ATas a different view m 
tha meaning of thia word. 

I ohnn tkft Tit M I luif« tllii, 
Bt ImIm itUcldf, btidii and Mllifa 
Bi ttBwilb thatto dmitii dwlMa, 
Bt fmiimii uti tti L?^*^ 

i>llditai^ & P. it. UL ML 

8kiaa«r wtppoaMtlmt thb wm MQer of mdnlgeiioM, 
Ihttt dwiomiii i i ed m UmUmgw fixing th« pnot for etch 
ifak JnB,difiBMtlioftMni«id«BotiiigftiriarorBioiik 
who difdharged hia oAoe within oartain iMute or 
bo—da, TtSm tha Viaionaof P. Pkmghman it appeara, 

hj Tiitoa of apiaoopal lattaia, although ha had no 
paioahtal chai]^ waa anthoriaad to haar oonf aaaioQ and 
nnft ibaolntMn within • oartain diatriot. R. da 
laniriami daacribaa l»«™ mafanhnr in *ii— 1^*»^ to a 

OoMolanQa oallad a laeha that ooolda wall tkriiu / 

Go aalnath tho that tiek baa, k throogh lyn woandad, 

akilll ahopa ihaipe nfaia^ and auda hua do p 

Vor h« OLbdadM that they wrooAt had.— 

The fkare hereof haida. and hjadnyin (hi fbit 

lb a lord fbr a letter, leeoe to hane enrea, 

▲i a eniaftovr ha ware ; and eaaM with hie letten, 

Boldly to the biahop^ and h/a briaISi had 

there ha oame in eoii^cition to ktn. 

In eovntrtje there 

Tho wxitar then givaa n eharactar of a friar of thia 
daaoriptioo ; whioli, in thai age^ it rnny ba aappoaad, 
wan bj no maana aiqgnlar. 

I knew eaeh one onoe, not eydit winten pawed, 

Oeme in thne eoped. at a eowt whers I dwelled, 

And waa mj krdae leehe, and aiy hidyee both. 

And at hMt thie imùUmr^ tho my lorde wee oate. 

Ha aeload eo onr women, till 10010 were with cfailde. 

— ^Here ia CentritJon. qnod Oonedence, my oooein eore 

him, flood Oontdanoe, h take kepe to bye 1 
Tba plaaten of the Permm^ aad ponders beaten to lore. 
Be letteth hem Ug oaar Iom, ft loth ie to chaunge heoi. 
f^om lenten to leaten hie phetere biten. 
1haliaooerkng^qaodthbliini«9r, Ileael ehall amend 

And goalh k gropeth Gontrltlon. and gene bim a pheter 
Of a nday payment end I ■hall praye for yoo.— 
Thna ha getb, ft gatbateth, and gioeeth ther he ehriueth, 
im oontntion bed dene foigotten to crie, ft to wepe, 
And waka for hie workee, ee he wee wont to da 
P. ^migkmìm/FòL nit Bdit, 1561. 

The ehnmotar giron bj Chanear ia nearly aliko^ 

A Wtv ther wa^ a wenton and a meiy, 
A lim i iamr ^ a fhl eolempne man. 
In an the ordrm Ibore Ie non thet ean 
80 moehe of datianoe and fkyre hmgega. 
—Hie tippet wee ay fiueed ftd of kntYoe, 
And piaiiee, for to given Ihyre wivee. 

auuieohal he Umd ftir lue wantonnetee. 
To make hie AuUeh ewete apoa hie tonge ; 
And in hie harpui^ whan that he bedde eooge, 
Hie eyen twinkded in hie bed eiigbt, 
Aa dim the eterrm in a ftoety niglit 

dent r. ProL^ ▼. 906*271. 

'^Howbait aoelia manor aendyngaa are not worldly, 
m piyue aB aanda thoyr Ambaeadonre, no nor aa f rerea 
Band thayr ^fatytov to gather theyr brotherhedee 
whieha nnata obaya whatbar th^ wyU or wyll not." 
Obodyonoo of n CiTaten man, F. oO^ a. 

LTMM, #• Synon. with lAmmer^ as applied 
to a female ; generalhr» a wild Ummp tlpp. 
Lanarkgt S. £. Y • Limb. 

LDOfAB, LiMMEB, •• 1. A soonndrely a 
woftUess fellow. 

•*Thanobliahannnd gral indjgnation in lykwiaa of 
tho tmbjl fidling baith to tham and thair oonunonie, 

aand ano oartano of gMtyl mon aa ambaaaatonria to 
king Oryma^ parenading hym in thair name to denoid 
hym of vnhappy ft miaohanona lì n w n a r^ in onhom ho 
had onir grat oonfldanoa," Balland. Cron., & zL, c 
la. Pòatbabitia eecbnUamai aentantiia, Booth. Uaad 
niao for neònC^ Ibìd^ o. 14 V. Lubdanb. 

God amd giaee to onr QMMoe Begent, 
Be law to amk ale panidunant, 
To gar lyeaanre fbrbeir 
For till opprem the innwnnt, 
Now into thie new yeir. 

IfflKlBnd ^Meif , ^ S79. 

Ltauner ia need in onr Inwa aa ai|nÌTalont to tki^f, 

"Sik hea bana, and preaentiio ia tho barbarooa 
omaltiea, and dailia hoirBehippaa of tho wiokad 
thiovaa and Ummen of tho otannea and anmamee 
following fto.— Thia aùaehiof and aehamafnll die- 
ordonr incirwaiie, and ia nnriahod ba tba OTaretght, 
honnding-ont| reoaipt^ maintananea, and not pnnieh- 
mant of tho thiavae, linMiere and vagabonda." Aote, 
Jn. VL, 1094, 0. 227 ; Mnrray. 

Mr. PinkartOB jnrtlv obaerrae, thnt /ymmar, like 
tkrtm^ &, wna aneiantlj maaanlino. It ia atiU thue 

I hiteht ahoat Lymweae wa'ae 

TIU I my time oon'd eee ; 
Qyae geit the l^mmwn tek their beele. 

iVmw m Oe BncAon /MoImC, p. 19. 
y. alaop.2. 

Chanoar naea iSimer for n Uood-hoond, Fr. Umkr^ id. 
Hanoa it might ba need mataphor. lor one^ wlio, like a 
blood-honncC waa conatantly m pnrenit of prey. Tent. 
Atyawr, howorar, ia rendarol, inaidintor, from /nym-ea, 
obaanrara, ineidiari. Aooording to the latter, Ummar 
might originally denote ona who Inya anareefor othere, 
wl^ liee in wait to daoaivo. 

Ban Jonaon naee ftmmer Immm in n aimilnr aanaab in 
hia Sad Shaphard. 

— Henoe with liem, fieieur toanit- 

Thy Ttemin, aad thy eelfe, thy felfe (tU) ere one. 

Dan. Anniner, danotea **n long Inbbar, n looby, a 
booby ;" WoUL In a aimilar aenea wo caU an idle in- 
dolent woman, " n lasy ICamwr.** 

2. In Tnlgar language, a woman of loose man- 
nerB, S. 

•'Kata and ICatty, tba Ummen. gaad alT wi' two o' 
Hawlmr't dragoona, and I haa two now qnaana inetead 
o'tham." Wnyariay, iii. 216. 

3. Immmt^ however, is often nsed as an op- 
probrions term, expressive of dbpleasure, 
when it ia not absMnteljr meant to exhibit 
the chai^ of immorality, S. 

LiMMEBT, «. ViUainyy deceit. 

Of Aotfeaif weO, the Frien of FbOl, 
The /teieiery lane bee leetit ; 
Ibe Monka of iMlroe mede gnde kaHl 
On Friday when thqr f<wtit 

^MC Q0ÌI9 8m§9. p^ 17. 

LI&iMERS, 9. pL The shafts of a cart, Te- 
viotdale. Y* Ltmoubis. 

LIMNARIS, Ltmoubis, Ltmhoub, #• pL 

The shafts of a cart or chariot. 

The caitle etand with fMoottrw bandit etrek. 

Jkmg. K«ffya,2B7,a. 
X y mwen ri i^ ibid. 428. 47. 

Tba IffmmmrJB war of bnrntrit gold. 

^BMot afSmmmr, L Sl 
Biniekt, Ed. 1079. 





of ilttfli I North. Lembtn^tiuOM 
01« OraMi 

€C ft €Mt AM alill Ollkd tlM ONI- 


WM , dttifn i»irom fc M i mi i, Bmems , id. Whenoe 
IIm phnM tkmU Hmomier, m tliUl hotM. Manage 
fUinloadjimifiiMS that 2iaiM» ii inatMul of Hmom, 
MO. It amy aatorally ho traoed to laL Inn, pi. 
8v. Iraii pL ImiMor, laim arboram; Sii.<0. 

[LIMFITS» TO SOW. <«To chew limpets 

' ud to eject them f nmi the mouth upon the 

wftter. in order to attract fish to the boat.'* 

OL SheiLyliL mMi to squander ; to scatter, 

at sowfaig seed. 

Am k an old hoathoa word of wfaieh tha atymology 
iidoahtlBL Moat prob. it ia tho root word to ton, an 
ataBaBMBft^ aad originally aMant lo miai/ket to mate am 
Mf bt Utg : m maaning, whioh ao far ezpliuna tha ousiom 
off aaMnf Hmmil§^ and ahowa it to ha ol great antiquity. 
▼• Ioalaadiol)iot^, Gbaahy and Vigfnaaon.] 

IiDfPUS, •• A worthless woman, Meams. 

USff LTN, LTNN, $. 1. A cataract, a fall 

of water, S. ; sometimes Ijfnd, Budd. 

*' Baeaaa BMiqy of tha wattaiia of Scotland ar fall of 
k mn U t ala aona aa thir nlmond cunia to tha /yn, thay 
kjp^'^ BaOand. Daacr. Alh., 0. 11. 

Iha vatv iMMftv rowtia, and aoaiy lynd 
Qahidlt aid brayit of tha MQchaad wTBd. 

AMf. Ftrytf, 901, Sa 

It 0owa ay Iraidar to tha aaa. 

S. The pool into which water falls over a 
pfedpice^ the pool beneath a cataract, S. 

X Mw o finr ria 
Oatoara a itripia rock of ftaaau 
«|aa I|ch¥t in^a liw>^_^ 

Tha diaQowMt watar aaakai maiit dia. 

~ha fidiMt man baat tnuh 1 
Iha' ha yrafimad bak 


Jtwuifmtff MOfmttp L V& 

op and rpalft tha popinjay. 

tt waa hia Ikht lamaian took hla lift. 
And hUadhlm in tha Imm." 


a. The face of a precipice, 

^àhm araoh labour wo oomplatad thia eava^ throw- 
ÌBf tha atnir into tha torrant below, ao that the moat 
■nnta Iniaatijptiiir oonld not diatingniah the amallcat 

inthalian,orfaoaof thoprodpioo.'* Brow- 
■ia ol Bodabaok. ii 70, 

4. A shnibbj ravine, Boxb. ; Cleueh synon. 

This is only a aUght Tariation from tha praoading 

Thia ta oMoaaty the aenaa of im riven by Sibb., 
**iwo oppoaita ooatigoonaoli£Ei or heumka oorered with 
hnahwood.** It indeed denotea aoT plaoe where there 
alaapfoeka and water, thooffh tnere ia no waterfalL 
II aaama nnoartaàn which ol theee ia the prinianr 
For ÌL"S. A/ynna denotea n torrent, laL /tad, 
aann acatnrieni, VereL Ind. : and C. B. 
. in, Ir. 18% a pooL 

I hnva mat with no oridenoo that i|yn ia naed in the 
nae given by Sibbi, aa denoting "two oppoaita oon- 
tigoooa olifla or han|^ oovered with hmahwood.'* 

To Lin, v. a. To hollow out the ground hj 
force of water, Roxb. 

LiN-KEEPEB, s. A large fresh-water trout, 
which is supposed to keep possession of a 
particular pool or Unny Kinròss, 

Lin-Ltar, i. The same with 

LIN, Linn, o. n. [1.- To sit down, to rest 
upon or lean against, Shetl. Dan. k^ne, 
' Sw. tOnOy to lean.] 

2. To cease, to desist. [IsL Unna, id.] 

'*Yet oar northern prikkera, tha borderera, not- 
withstanding, with great enonnitie, (aa thought me) 
and not nnlyke (to be playn) onto a maaterleaa hounde 
honyling in n hie wey, when ho hath loot him he 
wayted opon, anm hoopyng, anm whistelyng^ and 
moata with eryinga Berwyhel a Berwyket a Fenwffkef 
ft Ifenwifkef m BSmer, ft Bmimer/ or ao otherwiae aa 
theyr eapteina names wear, never lUmie thoee tnmb- 
looa ana dainngeroua noyaea all the night long.** 
Phtten'a Aoooont of Someraet'a Expedition, DalyeU'a 
Fragmenta, p. lH, 

For th' onde aad the nephew nerer Km, 

Tin out of Ouaan they aave chae't them dsaa 

JL Jn^s OSardm e/lSon, pi 28. 

*' ^€fer Urn, signiflea not to tire or giro orer." • Clav. 

This trntn ia atiU naed in the aama aenae^ Ettr. For. 

"Wool, the gled, he fand them ana fat and aae gnsty, 
that he norer Ìumed till he had taenaway OYory eucken 
that the wife had." Perila of hian. i. m 

LIN, Line, «. Flax or what is elsewhere 
called lintf Dumf r. 

Thia, althooflAi prorincial in S., ia gÌTen by Joniua 
and Johna. aa a. It aeema to haTO been formerly the 
oeneral pronnnciation in 8., aa fur aa we may judge 
nom the oonipoaite term LùiQet or Lm^^eed. A. -a. Urn, 
C.B. tftn, Belg. lijn, Fr. fia, Lat ^Sa-nm, id. 

LINARICH,#. A sea-plant. 

**They naa the aen-plant Ltmorkk to onre the 
wound, and it ^Toa efectnal for thia pnrpose, and 
alao for the megrim and boning. — ^Tho green aea-plant 
Limarkk ia by them apply'd to the templea and fore- 
head to dry np defliudona, and alao for drawing np the 
tonaela." Martin'a West Isl., p. 77. 

To LINCH, t;. n. To halt, to limp, Ettr. 

Sa.-0. KaJt-o, Germ. UmdUem, elftndieare. 


Thair klitillii wer of itnaoft lidU, 
Weill piest with mony plaittifl. 

can Kirk, st % 

Thia haa been nnderstood aa denotinff aome cloth, of 
ft lighi ooloor, made at Lineoim. Mr. Finkerton, how- 
erer, aays, that it ia ft common Olaagow phrase for 
very Hcit, and that no particolar cloth was made at 
Lincoln; Maitland Poema, p. ISO, Append. Sibb. 
also thinks it not probable that thia aignifiea *'anv 
cloth mannfftctnred nt Tiincoln, bat meiely Unem ; * 
Chron. & P., a. 868. 





Wtìk fwpael to tht fhnm being lued in Glasgow, 
I «B onljr mj, thai aaring twenty veere reeidence 
there I nefer hMfd it. Bat elthoagh it wera need, it 
wonld nther etnogthen the idee that the ellneion 
wmtolinoolnt eeeoggeetingthettheooloarrefBrrad 
tOk wUoh wee nonj^t from thet oity, exeelled any 

It eoafirme the ecwnmon interpretetion, that the 
phnee mwimi ^tbm flra^nentljr ooonn* 

ere a' in ae liferje elad, 
<y the I mka m t mw ne gare to tea. 

Oetfew Mwnraif, MuuirtUg Border^ L 8L 

Am flpeneer una the phnee ^Ineolac qrtene, there ia 
to donht aa to the meening of the aUoaion. 

AH in a noodmaa't jacket he was ehwl. 
Of £f tm€ o lm f wwiM , elayd withigTer laeai 

▼• JSKr IrMmii Nete^ pi 856i 

It eeHM aearoely neoeeaaiy to add that the term 
ttwmn ia not only need with reepeot to the ooloar, bat 
tiM peenliar teztnrt or mode of mannlaotare. 

Ane mrk maid of the limkomt Iw^m, 

Ane gay gnne eloke that will aocht atenya.^ 

LIND, Ltnd, c. a teil or lime tree, EL 

^iell Of Oe ^ ia aoomoMO allneion, beeanee of the 
Ul^ttneea of thia tree ; aa Vifg. neee the phraoe» Ulia 
iM^Geoii^ L 178. 


Oethir ane dead or ane waiit paft of wyniL 

I wait it if the ipriit of Oy, 
Or elili fle be the eky. 
And ttdU M <*# fyedL 

Anme fjn ii Fomma, p. 178, it 1 

It ooonn alio in P. Plonghman — 

Waa never leaCi apoo Umd lighter thertafter. 


Thia aOnaioo aeeme to have had ita origin from the 
nee anciently made of the bark of thia tree ; eapecially 
aa bonda and fettere were formed of it. It 

ployed for thia pnrpoee eo early aa the time of Pliny. 
Inter oorteiem et lignnm tennee tonicaa mnltiplici 
ll■nnl^ e qnibna Tinoala tiliae Tocantar. Hiat. 
16^ 0. 14. Wachter obaervee that the Oermaaa 
eall bonda of tiiie kind Uitdenbafi, i.e., Tincnla tiliaoea ; 
and thal^ AKm theee fettera, the Swedee not only give 
the namoof Uitdtm lrae» bat alao of ba$i, to the tree 
itMiL from Mnl-cn, to bind. 

" OiNbr lAi find; nnder the tea tree^ or any tree, or in 
tfcn wooda) n way of apeaking reiy nanal with poete." 

I half bene bennebt wMrt r <A« Iviuf 
TUa laag tyme, that naao oooU me fynd, 
QahiQ now with thie last eUtin wyn<L 


JtoMu^yne IVaMa, p. ITtt. 

Lord Bailee rmdeia thie phrMO, ** ander the line of 
Ofnator.** Aa thia langna^ waa oaed with reepeot to 
tlmee who were in a ramblug etate, either from choice 
or from neoeeeity, the poet eeeme to play on* the woitle 
by hie alloaion to the eoafom wina ; aa if thia had 
bronght him baok from the regiona nnder the equator. 
Bnt at moat it ii merely a laaiw poeikus. The phraae- 
ology properly aignifiee» being in the woode. 

Thara hooaia tbay forfaow, and lanis waist. 
And la tht woddu aocht, aa thay war chatst. 
And lete thara oekkia and hara blew with the wynd : 
Bern Tther want yellaad vnder the lynd, 
<)ahyla' theakyii of thara akrik foidyBnis. 

Here umder He iymd ie need ae aynon. with to tke 
morfitta. Wo have a aimilar phraee in Aiiam BtU^ 4o. 

Cloadeil4 walked a lytle baaida, 
Look*t umd§r tk$ grtaa foood Imàe. 

F^/nffè MtUfutt^ I. IflL 

That thia ie the eonee appeara aleo from n peeaage in 

The kyngaa dooghter, whieh thia aigh. 
For para abaaahe draw her adrigh. 
And Mlda her doae emisr Me Oom^ — 
And ea ahe looked her aboate. 
She aawe, oooMode enilar tìU tyndit, 
A woman vpon an here behynae. 

Oo^f, AwLt PeL 70^ a. K 

I Ifaid one inatanoe of the phraee being need with the 
prep, on, aa woald eeem, improperly— 

Oram on groond or beaat en ItndL 

Dimter, jfeeiprfm, ii. 87, et ItL 

The tea tree ie celebrated by the old Northern Scalda. 
O. Andr. qnotee the following paaaage from an ancient 
laL poem, where thia tree ie mtroduoed aa an emblem 
of toe retam of Spring. 

F«3B ifcfa, tetfair rodina, 
Verptir ìiaàt tkrimmr murper, 
Craadt aaakiooa labor, pirnta rabeaoant, 
Matat oolorM TOia, prulia ^xaaperantar. 

bonda are made of the bark of the toil-tree, 
eema to think that it ia denomtnated ignfi from 
nrownetanoe, from ttwf-o, to bind. Bat 6. 
Andr. givee the word aa primanlv denoting a tree^ 
and omy applied, in a more oonfined eenee^ to the 
tea-tree: ZTiad^ arbor, lilia» pu 187. Lmadr de- 
notee a wood : and it deeervee obeerration, that laL 
wxitere nee. thia term praoieely in the eeme eenee in 
whioh fiad ie need bjr oar oul poete. A tc weq tU 
Immdar; Ad e^Tam mihi enndam eet ; in qubne 
verbie pooto eiai, et ad affeoi dammUui, eaam etatam 
reepent. QL Landnamabok. C. B. iliryn aleo eigni> 
See a wood, a tree. 

Thna^ it eeema natoral to conclade^ either that thia 
phraee, under th» fymi, did not originate from liad^ the 
tea-tree, bat laL Mad-iir, a wood ; or, that the name, 
originaUy denoting a wood in general, came to be 
tranaferrad to one particolar apeciee of tree, becanae of 
the great partiality that oar anoeetore had for it^ both 
becMee of ita beanty and ita naef aim 



UNDER, g. A short gown, shaped like a 
man's vest, with sleeves, worn both by old 
women and hj children ; Ang. 

garment^ which ia generally made of bine 
woollen cloth, aiti cloee to the body, and hae a num- 
ber of fli^ or akirte all round, hanginjg down about 
aiz inchee from the waiat. The tradition in Ang. ia, 
that it waa borrowed from the Danee, and haa been in 
nee eince the period of their inraaiona. 

Perhape q. lemUr, from leL lendar. Iambi, becanae 
thie garment eite doee to the AiÌNe or mae ; or Sn.-0. 
IbL fiadoi a girdle. Xplwf-<s v. aignifiee to awaddla. 

To LINE, V. a. To beat. Hence, a game in 
which a number of bovs beat one of the 

farty with their hats or caps, is called Ztng 
im out ; Ang. 

[To LINE Wr. 1. To Une the ribs wf, to 
make hearty meal of, to satisfy ; as, ** He 
Un/i ki9 ribs wC beef an' broth," S. 

2. To line the hof loT, to put into one's hand 
as payment, reward, gratnity, or alms ; as 
^ He lined my loof wC a ponn' note, Clydes., 




{TLanMf Lotah, «• A low word for food; 
&g9dU0» rapliod to good food or a hearty 

[LansusD, «. The starboard or right side of 
a boal^ so called because the fisning-lmss 
an asM this side. Dan. Kng^ Sa.-0. fia-o, 
and ferd^ihe upper part or deck of aresseL 

[Lons-aoouL •• A box for holding fishing* 
finely ifaid.j 

UNOf t. 1. A species of grass, Ayrs. 

.** AH bt^oad ths BOOBliiiui is % woit momy mnad^ 
flSffwd with hMlhg and a thin long gimw CMled tUig 
If thn sowSrj PMpln.** P. BaibntnM, StAtirt. Aoe., 

t. ^Dfom UiMf Sdrpns cespitosns, Linn."* 
Agr. Snrr. Ajrs.^ p. 485. 



nmàmm B. U^f^ hiath ; althoagfa, from tha 
aslhontarhtfiv«|itia«ndBntlydi£rerut It 
in tfM MM MUM. A. Bor. V. GL OroM. 

8k AH iMMft cotton grus, 

■ plant with n white oottony head 
whiflh ia tha llrat aprinff f ood of tha 

tt VQfi in Fabniaiy, if tha waatbar ia firuk, 
Itis'oaaMiniily callad putt ling. Tbla ahaap taka what 
is àbsfvn tha fronnd tandarly in thair moatha» and 

hMaa it disw np a long white atalk.** P. 
Twaadd. Ststiat Aoe., i. fSS. 

pafhapa fkwn baing thoa <f rawn up or 
ptOti bf tha ahaap^ Ita ^yaon. nama ia Cavka 
aowa^ ^ V. 

4. Flowering heath, ShetL; Nor. ling, heather.] 

Hii aaasM iadaad tha primavj and proper aenee. 
hL Awk ariaiL parm Tiiguta profarentia baoeaa ; O. 
Aadr<.» Uff* Lmpt m Berwieka., danotaa heath of the 
Èaà year, whan it haa tha fonn of a thin long giaaa. 
Allinvaida it ia eaUed A<a<A€r. Tha ahepherda apeak 
«C - heather halii> bant and Ung/* in diatinction horn 

UNO, LnrOy #.. A line. In one ling. 1. 
Li a strai|^t line, straight forward. 

OvUm. Bekir IwaD, in handis war h jnt, 
a tba nSy eartell war kd ta urns Iwrng, 

And to 

9. The phrase is used to denote emedition in 
wMHoDf '^qnick career in a straight line ;** 

Ihin twa di wu fe m a ile have thai tase,— 
Hal bede thane rjd ta-lD a /yiM 
Tq m^ ^what done wee of that tATn^ 

Wyiiloiaa, liil. Sfll 907. 

Qtfthe Hat rew on eje, qnhat gift coadi^ 
Wm tiMn gjf Misoa. nn iwyft ta one hngt 

. D9iÈg. Fffytf, ISS, 21 

To UNOi V. n. To moye with long steps or 
strides, to go at a long pace, S. 

And thai that dranlnra had off the wyne, 

af wp iMMaaa in a lyne, 
Mdn thai the lataUl eome ea m 
Thai aiawla USX aaang tbaim sen 

', lis. 86^ MB. 

It ia alao applied to the motion of horaea thai hnva n 

And qahalr that oieay gay pMìa^ 
BaSiir did in ear BMroK Im^, 
Now ikantUe in tt maj be aene' 
Toelf nit glydik ddr of a pfviae. 

if(£laiM( iVnai^ p. 18S. 

Shiir. randera it, to gallop^ OL 

I know not whether thia may be allied to Tent. 
lHi0A-€n» to lengthen, or Ir. Uitg4mt toehipor go away ; 
•iao^ to fling or dart 

To LnvK, V. n. 1. To walksmartly, to trip, S. 

Qahan aAo vaa ftnth and frie aehe waa ryoht iUa 
And BMRylie iimkU aato the mufa. 

Mtmrffmmi^ Chrom. & P., i lia 

The laaaet now are Umkimg what they dow, 
And Ckiked nafer a foot wt heisfat nor how. 

JMMi'a iMnMfa^ p. 79L 

2. Used to denote the inflox of money. 

M7 dadie't a delTar of dikea. 

My mither can card aod apin ; 
And I am a fine fodgd laaa. 

And tha dller oonua Unkim in. 

ThÌB aeena a f^nentatÌTa from làngt t. 

The part. (iiiKaa, ia need in the eenaa of aotiva, 


-— ^A nmn that ean whiatle ye np a thooaand or 
f eifteen hnndrad fSaKa^ lade to do hie will, wad haidir 
gat fifty panda on hie band at the Cnm o* QUtfgow. 
Sob Bùj, ii. 291. 

3. To do any thing onickly ; very commonly 
nsed to denote diligence in spinning; as, 
** She's linlM awa' at the wheel ;" So. of S., 
OL Sibb. 

8n.-0. Amifc-a oo n ^e ya an idea aoita the rererae, tarda 
inoedere^ nt aolent delatigati ; Ihra. 

To Link af^v. a. To do any thing with 
cleyemess and expedition, S. 

— '^Sha eloatet a' oar doda till they leakit like new 
free the ateek, and Unkii qfhw twa haapa aveiy day." 
Saxon and Qaal, i. 100. 

The TOiba to lamp, to Gng or laing, and to Rni^ all 
denote the action of the body in walkings bat in dif- 
ferent reepecta. To lamp ia to walk rather in a prano- 
ing manner, lifting the feet high. To littg, or Uùng, 
ia to take kmg atepe, to move with a aort of awing, 
aynon. with tiie phnae naigm awa\ To Unk, which le 
uiparently a freqaentatiya from Ling, ia to walk with 
abort and qoick atepe. 

LINOAN, 1. Shoemaker^s thread, S. Y. 


2. A lash or taw to a whip, Fife. 

TUa oocraaponda nearly with the U. term men- 
tioned flTH^Tr Itòu/èU 

UNOAT, f • An ingot ; Fr. lingoi. 

**Item, twa liMgaUk of gold.** InTontoriea, p. 10. 

To LINOE, Ltkge, v. o. To flog, to beat, 

••Lkigt^ Uahad. beaten.** GaU Baoyd. 

I hnow not if thia oan hare any oonnezion with 
O. Teat lmta«ift Imto-eii, eolvere ; aa wa oaa the ▼. 
to Fug metaph. in tha aanm aenaa. 




LINOEL, LiNOLB,«. 1. Shoeinaker^B thread, 
8.; also pron. Im^mhi, Fr. UgneuL A. Bor. 
kmgùif the ttnqp of the shoe, OL Groee. 

Vnr Uadi wl* •Immi and b«Bp UngU, 
fltt wMag ihMB oat o*tr Um tant. 

Tht onlf oobUr quit bit fte*. 

Hb balk hM diMd a lair. «dr fik' 
ftot BMlt o* hntA aii'iaguiii • 

Ib fths MM MMe it ooeun in 0. E. **Lmigdi tiiAt 
lowv witii. [Fr.] cbefgrot, Ugnmr ;** Paligr. B. 

UL laities UmiiiAi aapiaa co ri aoea oUonga ; Hal- 

t. Ahandage. 

—Or Immi of tkj HmgtU m laaf aa thay maylaat 


lÀmia k tho wwd uaod in thia aonao in Sil-O. : 
Imboo UmdAtm^ n ohild wzappod in awaddling olotboa. 
UbL fcwifa» n girth or thong of laather. 

[8. ADythiiur of considerable length of its 
Ubd ; ap^ied to twine, rope, etc 

4. A speeehy aermon, poem, when long and 

5« A person of long, lankj make, Clydes., 

To LiNOCL, LnroLB, v. a. 1. To bind firmlj, 
as shoemakers do leather with their thread. 

OooM Uka a cdbkr, Donald MaoQOlai 

' tham dofonr. 

Md bora than, and 


[2. To ooaple the legs of a horse, to prevent 
it from wanderinff from the pasture. The 
same as bmgil, S.J 

[To LiNOLB-Anr, v. a. 1. To unroll. 

S. To repeat from memory a great deal. 

8. To speak with fluency, Ol. Banffs.] 

[LlHOUK-AFF, part. Used also aa a «• in 
senses 1 and 8 of v., ibid.] 

LiiiC^kl-tail'd, adj. A tenn applied to a 
woman whose clothes hang awkwardly^from 
the smallness of her shape below, S* 

LINOEBv #. Prob., the furniture of a house. 

**Tho aaoM daj thaj apotlod mir loid Ragentia 
ladgano, and toik out hia pottia ana panaa, àe,, hia 
Umiir abont hia bona with aom camahie bedcUa, albeit 
th^ won ai UtUo importanoo.*' BannAtyno'a JouraaL 

Appanntly tho himitiira, q. what helonffw to tho 
Tent, kmgkemt promare, anppaditare ; veHanghf 

LINOET, •• Properly, a rope binding the 
fore foot of a hone to the hinder one, to 
prevent him from running off, Ang. 
8a.-0. Bi^^ tanm onaaior. V. Laitor, ìavoml, a. | 

LINGET, L1NOST-8EED, «. The seed of flax, 
lint-seed, pron.liii#«etf. This is usually called 
Imgetf S. n. pron. like Fr. linge^ flax; A.-S. 
iMMsd^ lini semen. 

*«Sik.lik% that nana of tho aabjoete of thia raalme, 
tako npon hand, to carry or tranaport foorth of thia 
raalma, ony manor of linning oUitl^ Ungti teed^** ko, 
Aota. Jo. VL laTIi 0. 60, Murray. 

[LiNOET-oiL, «. Lint-seed oQ, Meams.] 

LINGIS, Linos, temu Somner has observed 

that this termination, added to an adj., 

forms a subst. denoting an object possessing 

the quality expressed by the adj. Hence 

also^ perliaps, the adv. of tUs form, as 

baekUngiif bUndUngis^ kal/4ingi$j langlingÌB^ 

fiitwlmgÌB, Ac 

Aoooiding to Johnatono, Gloaa. Lodbrok, p. 59, lal. 
imp ia n tarmination corraaponding to ilU^ in Lat. 

It would aaam, bofraror, in laL aomotimea to convey 
tho idan oxpraaaed by ahngèt^ S. a^iiMÌa, q. by the 
lemffik of the object referred to. Thos SaUengis aigni- 
fiaa backward; retroraom, VereL 8. grufelyngis 
appean to anggeat the aame idea ; q. extended at one^a 
fall fai0Cfc ontho beUy. 

Ill fwwnmon pronnncintion what waa formerly writ- 
tan luMÌi^ or »1011^ ia aof tened into iiiu. 

In Dan. it aaanmea n diffnent fonn; Bagiaendi, 
baekwaida. Aigaae bagkuhtU, to go backwarda, to 
retreat, WolflT ; Baden expL baglaenas, reoeaaim ; and 
alao by UggemU paa ryggea, reclinia ; anpinua. The 
termination IcMMWthiia aeemato beformed from t/aenffdt^ 

£vng in A.-S. ianlao aoommon termination, denoting 

LINGIT, adi. 1. Flexible, pliant; lingit 
cbnihf cloth of a soft texture, E. Low. 
^Idngesf, limber. North." GL Grose. 
Y. Lemtib. 

Hiia term incliidea n Tariety of ideaa, length or tall- 
M, limbemeaa, and agility. South of S. 
'• *Hoat»'— aaid auld John, 'try him, he'a but a aaft 
fecklaaa like chiel ; I think ye needna be aae feared for 
him.' * It ia ft' ve ken,' aaid another ; ' do nae ye aee 
that bo'a imgii like n mw (greyhound], — and he'll rin 
liko ana ; — they ww no rina faater than n horM can 
gaOop."* Anaod. Faatoral Life, Edin. Monthly Hag., 
June 1817» p. 848. 

2. Thin, lean, uHznthrioen ; especially applied 
to an animal that is very lank in the belly ; 
as, ** the Ungii cat,** ** She's just like a Unffit 
haddo ;** Boxb. 

LINGLE-BACK, 9. '' A long weak back ;** 
Gall. EncycL [V. LmoEL, «• 5.] 

[LININS, «. pL Shirt-sleeves; ''I was 
standin' T my bare linins,'' GL ShetL] 

(To LINK, V. fi. V. under To Lino.] 
To LINK, V. n. To walk arm in arm, S. 

** XMad.— Poraona walking arm in arm, nre aaid to 
be aOecf or httikod," i.o.7hooked. QaU. EncyoL 





LINK* c A diviaioa of a peat stack, OalL 

MtlMtlMkliadbvpfliadb.^ GML BnejreL 
LINKQ; a^. SI7, waggish ; as, <«a UniU 

laxMJM^ su !• A roguish or waogish person, 
one moch given to tricks, BoxoT 

fL A deceitful penon, one on whom there can 
be no dependancey S. A. 

TUs auij bs from & Mt; m the term is often iU 
helNifttd IB tlue OMiuMr, ''There ere o*er mony /Infa 
in Us tnL" Bat Dtei. Imk$, eimeter, is else oeed in 
thesHMS of **il^t dexlaroii% oimfty ;*' WoUL 

UNEB^ •• pL Used as signifying loch. 

twa rmf Hps eie like kesMdiappit himiey , 
' t«e leogUng sen ameeg lads era miosniiy ; 
linis V bleek hain ewie her shoathsrs tk' bon- 
■i^.—.-. Mm. irUkti, mnd OmlL Simg, pw «1 

LINKS, #• pL 1. The windings of a river, S. 

** Us anaMioae winding eelled Imìm^ forme greet 

of beentilnl peninsules^ which, tMiSng ^f e 

tetOeaeilv giro rise to the foUowing 

•« The kMsMp efthe boediy £MiJb of Foith, 
ii beMsr then en Avidom in the Noith." 

mmmsre 8tiiilB«riiiie, p. 489, 44a 

t. the rich ground lying among the windings 
of a river^ S. 

aitene the fa^ tibat sheeld edora 
Ok fMse dsseiiptife o' the morn ; 

4 Fera*s Lùtkt o* weviag oom 

At pssp oT de«n» 

IT knows to whitstting thorn 


JfuBwiilTe Pi 


3» The sandy flat ground on the sea-shore, 
eofeved with what is called beni-j/rasSf/urze^ 
Ac^ 3. This term, it has been observed, is 
nearly mion. with downs^ E. In this sense 
we speak of the Links of Leith, of Mon- 
trose, &Cm 


Upoaa the Fhhse Sondny EWn, the IVsnohe had 
■seelfism hnttell amy npoon the Linke without 
Liyth, end had sent teth their shirmishears." Knox's 
Hw, n.2n^ 

**Inhie[theamimiseimwr'slentry, I think, et Leith, 
ns mneh honomr wne done nnto him ae ever to eking in 
oar eonatiy.— We weie moot oonspienoas in oar black 
eloaks^ above five hundred on a braeside in ike Limkà 
iorhieai^t'' BaiUie'eLett, i.61. 

Hue nassegsu we nmy observe by the way, makes us 
Sedinth ■ 

the e ei lMwe of theclergy, atleastwhen 
Ih^ attsnded the General Aseembly, in the reign of 
Chmlse L - Hie etiqnette of the time leqniied that 
Ihmr shonld aU have Modb cfoolML 

**Tha isbnd of Weetray— «ontain% on the north 
and ao«th>weet sidee of it^ a grsat number of graves, 
eeatteced over two extensive platna, of that nature 
wUeh are eatted Mt» in SeotUnd." Barry's Orkney, 
^ 90B. ** Sandy, flat ground, gsnerally near the sea,' 

'4. The name has been transferred, bnt impro- 
perly, to ground not ooniignous to the sea, 
either because of its resemblance to the 

beach, as being sandy and barren; or as 
being appropriated to a similar ose, S* 

Thu% part of the old Borons^-muir of 


ealled BrmUi/Uld Link$, The^most nrobable reasmi of 
the dssignatum is, that it having been oustomary to 
play at ^ilf on the Linki of Leith, when the ground in 
the vicinity of Bmntafield ceme to be used in the same 
wav, it was in a like manner called LinlsM, 

In the Poeme aeeribed to Rowley, Uitehe is used in a 
aanee which beam eome affinity to thiS| being rendered 
by Chatterton, bank. 

Thou limsd lyvsr, en this liiuhe male bleade 
Champyons, whose Uoods wylle wythe this 
wattsrrss flows. 

MUm. amd /h^., v. S7, pi 81. 

This ie evidently from A.-S. A/iee, agger limitaneus ; 
qnandoque privatorum agroe, quandoque paroecias, et 
alia loca dividene, fininm instar. ** A bank, wall, or 
causeway between land and land, between parish and 
parish, as a boundary distinguishing the one from the 
other, to this day in many places called a LiMeh;" 

Aoooiding to the uee of the A.-S. term, Rni§ might 
be <|. the boundaries of the river. But, I apprehend, 
it ie rather from Qerm. knl^en, flectere, verters, as 
denoting the bendituft or curvatures, whether of the 
water, or of the land contiguous to itb 

Sir J. Sinclair derives iiidtà ** from Una, an old Eng- 
lish word, for down, heath, or common.'* Observ., p. 
194. But the term, as we have seen, is sometimee ap- 
plied to the richeet land. 

[LINES-GOOSE, «. The common Shiel- 
drake, Orkn.] 

LINKUM-TWINE, «. Packthread, Aberd. 

" His boss were lMdhia»-<wtiM." , Old Stmg. 

Fsrhape originaUy brought from Lincoln, like Lin- 

cam yinecn* 

[LIN-LYAR, S. y. Ll2f-KEEPBB.] 

[LINNS. Pieces of wood or other material 
over which a boat is drawn, stretchers, 
GI. Shetl.] 

LIN-PIN, LmsH-Pix, Lint-piw, t. The 
linchpin, S., Lancash. 

Sn.-G. ^alo, panllus axis, Belg. hndse. 

LINS* A termination common In S. as kal" 
fiin$y blindlinSf &c. V. LiNOis, 

To LINSH, V. It. To hop, Damfr. Hence, 
Lixsu, s. A hop, ibid. V. Linch, v. 

To LINT, e. a. To seat, to nnbend. To 
lint onis houghj to sit down for a little 
while, Shetl. 

IsL Und'tLt sedem sibi figere, pret. lend^ ; from the 
idea of reaching ìand^ a figure borrowed from a nauti- 
cal life. Dan. lell^e, e. n. signifiee to stay, to tarry. 

To LtNT, V. n. To rest, pause. ''He wadna 
let me Hat or I did it ;** he* would not let 
me rest, or he would give me no peace, 
IsL Su.«0. Oin-a, /cacf-a, ceesare, desinere. 




LINT-BELLS, t. pL The bloaaom or flower 
of flax» when growing, S. 

tkt frimt wiflt nfffiilou win tèOL ^ . ^ 

L1NT-11OW8, #. The pods containing the 
seeds of flax, S. y.Bow,«.8. 

Lmr-BRAXS, #. An instmment nsed for 
breaking or softening flax, in pkce of the 
flnted rollers of the flax-mill, previons to 
the operations of mbbing and swingling, 

[Lnrr-OOBLB, •• A pond in which flax is pnt 
to rot, to separate the fibre from the rest 
of the pUmt, OL BanflFs.] 

LnfT-JUPPUB, $• y • RiFPLE. 

Lnrr-STBAIK, «• ** A head or handful of new 

diessed flaxf OalL EncjcL 
Lint-tap, •• As mnch flax as is usually 

laid on a rock for being spun off, S. 

UNTIE, «• The linnet, S. 

•«SlM wrao^t Ukm a dmetow mm like t^Untie, 

km •uMao,t§am u 

^ iddMe^oL" dm 

LINTWHITE, Ltntquhit, s. A linnet, 
S^ of ten corr. fifieù ; FringiUa, linota, Linn. 

'•The talgdUl ttng eaaterpoint qvliM the ooil 
y«lpik'* ConpL&.pieO. 

OflwwktfOollA'thMglistti' woods, 
Wh^ IhìImMIì0 eluMBt UBMC tbo bodi. 

— • Bimi«,IIL«L 

— Isifa, fOwdnÌBki, flMflNi and liniiet. 
V. QousmK. RmmmftPoma, II RS. 

A.-a Awto^ Adfr. OL; rappoMd to receive its 
BMM fram f eediag on the eoed of flex, eleo UnH ; u 
te tiM Hme leftMNi, in Genu. /oeA^iifa, q. a flax- 
floeh ; 8w. kimj>ytii^ id., q. a hemp-finch, ee feeding 
oa tiie aoed of hemp. C B. ISnoi^ a linnet, according 
to Juùoa^ from Oiis liat^ 

[UOAO. V.Lisoo.] 
[LIOO. V. LuBiT.] 

To LIP, V. a. To break pieces from the face 
of edze-toob; as, **rve foptf my pen- 
knife,^ S. ; evidently from El /»>, «* 

(To UP, V. a. and m L To fill to the brim, to 
give full measure, S. 

2. To be full to overflowing ; with prep, o^er^ 

8. To be sunk to the edge, so that water is 
apt, or about, to flow in; spoken of a boat 
or any vessel, S.] 

[LiPFSN, Lipping, adj. 1. Full to the brim, 
apt to overflow, S* 

S. Bunk to the edge, Ac Y. v., S.] 

(To LIPPEN, V. a. and n. To rely, to trust ; 
aa» <«I canna Sppm him wT siUer,*"" I was 
^fpenm* on ye eomin' yestreen,** 8. V, 


[LiPPBKiN, LiPNnr, s. Trust, reliance.] 
LIPPENING, pari. adj. Occasional, acci- 
dental, Loth. 

I sye teUed the gndeman ye meant weel to him; 
hat he taka the toK< at eveiy hit l^pipenwg word. 
Bride of Lammennoor, i. 312. ^^ 

Thia haa no proper connection with l^Pff^ 'W^P2^ 
toezpeet. It mdied oonveya an idea »th« direcjjr 
theieretM. Shall we nppoee that it haa ongmated 
fh»n A.^. himpmde, aaLen^ enihena; q. awoni 
Uapmg oat withoot pfevknia intentioaf UL Attopt » 
oaed to denote pieoipitanoy, from kÌMtp^ eoxreie. 

LIPPEB. A term used as forming a super- 
lative. Thus cattle are said to be Upper 
fat^ when very fat, Roxb. 

LIPPER, 9. Leprosy. 

•«Qahen thir ambaaaatoaria was hrooht to hh pie- 
aem he umerit to thair aicht aa fnl of Ujpper, .th«t h« 
waa lepnte be thnym maiat horribyU creataze m eitl. 
BeUend. Cion., & ix. o. 18. Lepra^ infeeto. Boeth. 

Wyntown writee ftrpyr. V. AroK. 

Fr. Uprt^ Lat. ìapra^ id. 

LiPPERyod;* 1. Leprous. 

**Na Upper men aatt enter witiun tiie portea of 
oar httTgh.-And gif any tipper man Taeo oommon- 
Ue oontnur thia oar diechme, to come within oar 
bazKh. hie daitha qoherawith he la ded. aall be taken 
fimbim.andaaUbebnmt; and he beins naked, aaU be 
ejected forth of the borgh." Stat. Oild, c 16. 

2. Still used with respect to those whose bodies 
are coveted with the smallpox, or any 
general eruption ; Fife. « 

Lyper ia the orthography of Aberd. Beg. It is con- 
joined with ita aynonyme me««. 

••Thequhilkawineweafandmfww.meaell." v. 15. 

8. Applied to fish that are diseased, as synon. 
with fnyM^ q* v. 

«*They open the fiahe^ and Inkeo not qohither they 
hemyaelor/QWcrfiahornot." Chahnerlan Air, a 21. 
e. e. Leprud la the only word oaed in the Lat. A.-S. 
AteqMre^ leproana. 

To LIPPER, V. n. (To ripple, to fret, Shetl; 
hence, to foam, to tin with foam. Isl. 
- hkyp-Oj to agitate, to disturb.] 

Tbaie, ai him thocht, raid be na landU achald. 
Nor yit na land bint lipperina on the waUii. 
Bot qahaie the Sade went ityl, and calmyt al is, 
Hot ftoue or boUoara, murmoore, or moayng. 
Hi. rtmiyimi. thklder rtirig^jn tti^^ 

[LiPPER, LOPPEB, «. Foam, surf ; pi. Ii^pmjf, 
lapperis, foam-crested waves, or the tops of 
broken waves.] 

TUs itoare sa bottooea begoath to rfae and snwe, 

Like M the aey ehangis flnt his htwe 

In qohita iwmf by the wyndia blaat^^^ ^ ^ 

Thia may either he the aame with iSepiwr, to cardie, 
aoooiding to Budd., aometimea written topper^ **aaif 




mm m^ WW — I* or i% WÈf U tBUMdMldv 

dIM to MoM^-O. Mmimjs A.-& AIm^mm, 8n.-0. 
fcMitfL omwtb wImbm foqMi% euior; cfpaeiAUy m 
Ootl eamfm, dMotot th« flowing of water, fliMra, 

and &M|f» Sn.^- fo^ ^ ^^'■"9» <WVH m« 
in A dmOarionao. V. Loop. 


. pOTbaps q. CiqMr^^iy, from its perpetual 

UPFEB^i. The fourth part of a peck» S. 

» vnal wav of nekoning nain in & ia by Lad«a, 

KrloliL Adca, and LipptiBm 

aiiatewritUtt k^pkm tho oldaal onmpU of 


—«« Of onlMitmrno bolls, ton flriotta. toa paeka, tiia 
Sfftm, balf i^^9<e. •^ ^^ f^"**^ of ana half 

^^CKw aadi baaattwioaaday.moraing and opening, 
*^ %M and a half [| of a peek] linUthgow moMiire, 
of ttiabaal onlii mizad wi&hafi tha qnantity of the 
braiaad paaoL" IfazwoU'a Sal. Trana., p. 572. . 

*«Xo0 or baakai. Sporto. Calalhaa. Cofcia. Cania- 
lm?FhNnpt Panr. "Xfpe, «rabaaket,rPr.]cor. 
baOla I* P^. B. iii F. 44, b. Xqie had bean abo 
nnd to denote » aort of fiah-nH. •• Lepe for fiadie 
takyngorkapinigi. NaaHL" PromplFMT. ^'Naaia, 

^ Ky^piemeal,'' 
^.^ lSm. 

Sovml ^foat^of thia word remain in modem E. 
la Snnas. a M or lift ia half a bnaheL In Eases, 
nsi«f teiporlift iaaTesselor basket in which oom is 
OBRiaditem A.-8. faop^ a basket, foal leap, a seed- 
hmkaiu Bay. **Xea0, a large deep basket ; a chaff 
baakol^ Korth." GL Oroae. 

It oooui in O.E. *'Thai token that that was left 
of idifli aavana te^tiUf in another MS., **teepU folL" 
Wiolili; Mate. 1ft. •• Sevan to«if." Marka. 

Td thia agrsm 111 loiip^ calatlioa, qaasdlnm ; Sil-O. 
km. lom^ aansom frnmenti, sextam tonnae partem 
eontinan a ; Dm. Ha also rsnden it by m^liiM. For 
ri^l wg^ tha cognate terma are uaed to denote certain 
iBsaanMsu theae diilÌMrmnch from each other. In Sw. 
impdtmd dsaotsa aa mnch land as is necessa r y for 
m^tbis qnanti^ of aeed. In like manner, in S. 
w apeak of mU^9 mwotg, eapectally aa apphed to 
flaf aasd. ia., aa mnch gnmnd as is reqniied for sowmg 
tiM ftmrth part of a peck. Hence L. B., ffp-o, a 
miisnis. aooofding to Lye, m Leait, oontatnmg two 
ttiida of A bo^eL Bot in the pamage quoted by 
Urn. tt ovfisnUy signifies the third part of Iwo bushels. 
Tost. Amoc ^'0'«*' ^«>M>tes a bosheL Forfoopetoiub 
ia apL qnadianajngeri, agri snatinm qnpd awdio nno 
aenasil votsst s KUum. ^ik lod^i, the foorth part of 
n b«dM(moo- with vMels. 

Staftùt. Aoo. P. DaUnoni^ 


To LIFPIN, Ltpptit, Lippbk, v. a. and n. 
1. To expect, to look for with confidence. 
Ia the II. form it is sometimes used without 
a prep.; at other times wither, S. 

-Qahaiofoia, I require you, Ì9 my «n«^ *»f^« 
■ansr, to sand to me your reeolut anawer thainmto in 
writ with thia baiar. that I may P^fittJ* ni^erstand 
mhat I may ^ppAi.'^ Lord Hume, Sadler'a P^ers, 1. 

This tre may hMmyn fbr to get 
lbs kyad rwte, and in it be tot. 
And ssp to rseoryr sjne ;^ 
Then Js to tanrn sum rsmsdik 

irynlown, viL 4. 18& 

The fcrd Alysawud jr curt kynais seas, 
-» At BoKborch wedd|t DaoM Msigsret, 

The trie of Tlawndyn dowehtyr &yre, 

Bat ■ooMchield ay upon as hasps an se, 


Ne'sr-dssl in cantrip's kittk cunning. 
To speir how fiut your dayi are running ; 
Bat patient ^^^pmybr the best, 

2. To Uppin m, to put confidence in, to trust 
to^ to have dependence on. 

^i»»» not Tralanis, I pray you Mi this hort ; 

Howsoer it be, I dreds the Orekis fois. 
And thams that ssadls this gift always I tea. 

Do neoar for schams Tuto your self that Isk, 
TOli»iiiiiiispedeoftoto,andgyfthebalL^ ^ ^ 

3. To lyppun o/i used in same sense. 

The fjrrrt is, that we hsfe ^ rjreht ; 

And for the rycht ay God will fycht. 

The tofchyr is, that thai eummyn ar. 

For IvpppMvng tg thair net powar, 

To sek ws in our awne 1m>4_^__ „ ,^ ^o 

Antonr, ai. 888, MaL 

4. TolippmtUL To entrust to the charge of 

I love yow mair for that lofe ye Uffm sm HH^ 
Than ooylordschip or land. 5,^,^^.13^118. 

5. to Uppin to, to trust to, to confide in ; the 
phraseology commonly used, S. 

Lippyn not io joas alliance reddy at hand. 

'*Lippem to AM, bnt look to youiaalf.'* 8. Ptot. 

6. To Uppin upon. To depend on for. 

••The firat command techis the hart to Wr Ood, to 
beleif f ermeriie hU haly word, to tnust voon Ooà, bppm 
aU gnd TOon him, to luf e him, and to lone himthairf ore. 

Aim. Hamiltoon's Catechisme, 1551, FoL 29, 6. 

None of our etymoloriste have giTsn any derivation 
of thia word. But it la unquestionably dlicd to the 
diffeient Goth, verln which hare the aame signification ; 
although it moat nearly reaemblea the participle. 

Moea..O. kuA^am, ffo-ta^jan, mdere ; whence 

«i4oa^N<fHiii«, credentes, ^P^'!^ ^ ^t'^^f^ 
SdM/ It needs scarcely to be obeenred that 6 and p 
are often interchanged. Alam. hub^ gt'loi^-^ 
A.-S. ge4uf'en. kcif-an. Itf-an, Gorm. to«6.€n, Belg. 
ge-loeifheBt id. 

LiPNiNO, Lypxyno, LiPJnN , •• Expectation, 

Hiai chesyd the mast fsmowa men 
Of thsre college oommendyt then 
Wyth the consent of the kyng, 
Makaod hym than fall iwmyno 
That thai raid m thrally tiet the Pape, 
That of Northwyche the byaehape 


Thia waa afterwarda oorr. to /i^jiw, •■ •PgJJ" 
from an autograph letter of Q. Mary, 16th July. 16«. 

«• Thia we doubt not bot ye wiU do according to our 
l^aias with aU poasiWa haist." Keith, ^ 290. 





LIPPINO, Lippnc-Fow, od;. l.FuUioihe 
brinut or Ups of the Yesaelt Boxb^ GalL 

~£4V<R./li. lirimmiBg fnU to the Upt.** QdL Bds. 

t. A river wben flooded, is said to be 2^ 

UPPT, f . A bumper, a glass full to tbe lip, 


rn ds joa a tOMt, a thing which, hot on aa oo- 
"-^ Inemt think o* minting, and on this toast ye 

r nak a (bvy." Tho Entail, iii. 77. 
He then hetf the glass to the mistress, and she 
-ita^m.** B. Oilhaiae, iu. ISO. 
itothet^of the Tsssel, like E. iMniiMr, from 



[LIQUORT, LiKEBis, «• Liquorice, extract 
from the root of Glyeyrrhiga ghbra ; com. 
eaUed tugandUef q«y«t Uljdes^ Perths. 

The dU name of this akticle in the W. of SootUnd 
was oBaereiMk, n term which is not yet extinct. In 
the hooks of a letail merchant in Lochwinnoch, early 
in last oentniy, the following entries occur : — 

'*Tà my Lord Sempill, twn nnoe alkuartiàk at £00 
€2i 8d Soots." (A.D. 1700.) 

**To my Lady Barr, ane nnoe alaereitk at 20 pennies^" 
(A.D. 1713.)] 

[LiQUOBT-SnoKy Likebt-Stick, $. The 
root of the plant from which liquorice is 
obtained, an article much prized by childreui 

la some districts the legnmenons plant called Bed' 
kmmm (Ononis Arrensis, Linn.), is named Liqmor$- 

To LIBB, V. a. To sip, AbenL 

Id. lepra, sorinllmn, mi^t seem aUied; or corr. 
firom Dan. fi6Ò€r <i<; deliba, degnsto. 

LIRE, Ltb, Ltbe, 9. I. The fleshy or mus- 
cular parts of any animal, as distmimished 
from die bones. ^ ' *" 

ThoB it is frsqoently vsed hj Blind Harry :— 

<)Bham eolr he strsk he hyntyt bsyne and lyr, 

wJlaii, ▼. 1100, iia 

This iesms eqniTalent toOayne and brawne, ver. 902. 

The beriy Uaide was braid and hnrayst hrrcht. 
In sondHT ksrwyt the mailyeii off frne iteyil, 
Throweh tayns ami bmwm it prochit •uirilkdeOI. 

Tins it is Mplied to the flssh of brute animals, 


im Into taflyds sehare, 
Bftm broèht ilikaaad som gobbetis of /yrc 

Doug, FtryO, IS, 

God Baoehns gyftis Ikst tiiay moltiply. 

Wyth pUtis tSL Um altsris by and 

Am gu do cfaaigs, and wooischip with fkt Ipm 

ièML, 450,1 

The latsst tnstsncel hnve met with of the nse of the 
phraes ^ òone and ij/re, is in Spalding's Troubles, when 
Be giTea an aooonnt of that melancholy event, the 
blowing np of the Ckstle of Dunfflaas, i. 258. 

** Haddington, with his friencb and followen, ro- 
Joieing how thsgr defended the anny's magasine free 
the 1™gl'*h garrison of Berwick, came altogether to 
Dmtglass, haring no fsar of evil, where they were all 
sodiunly Mown np with the roof of the house in the 
air, by powder, wnersof there was abundance in this 
pmosb end never oom nor /yrs seen of them sgain, nor 

ever trist got how this stateljy house wae blown np to 
the destniotUm of this nobleman, both worthy and 
▼aloQroa% and his dear frienda." 

2. Flesh, as distinguished from the skin that 
covers it. 

Of a swQid it is said— 

What aesh it sfsr hapneth in, 
Bther in fyn; or yet in aUn ; 
Whether tost were ihank or arm. 
It ehaD him do wonder great hwin. 

3. Lyre signifies the lean parts of butcher- 
meat, Ettr. For. ; [Iwref Ayrs., pron. btr, as 
in the old alliterative rhyme. 

The ratten nn up the mnnle-tree 
Wi' a lamp o* lean mw Imt.} 

4. The countenance, complexion; as in old 
ballads, UUy white lirty lufiy m fire, &c. ^ 

The origin is certainly A.-9. fire, laoerti, the pnlp or 
fleshy part of the body ; as moMb-Ura^ the calf of the 
1^. Kodd. baa obeeired, that a "they caU that the 
fyre^ which is above the knee^ in the forelm of 
beeves.'* This has an obvious analoffy with Sn.-G.l>an. 
iaar. Mod. 9ax. hurrt^ femur, the thi^ 

The phrase /il ^yrs used by Dong, would slmoet sng- 
geet that our tenn had eome afiinitv to IsL A/yre, l^rt^ 
whioh is tiie name of the fottish fish, niseis pinguimimi 
nomen ; pisois pinfiuieeimus maris, G. Anor., pu 115, 
167, whenoe hljfr/ed-er, IjfrfeU'-ert very fat. 

LIRE!, «. The udder of a cow, or other ani- 
mal, Aberd. V. Lube. 

To LIRK, V. a. To crease, to rumple, S. 

It is-alsansed as a n. «., to eontraet^ to shrivel, S. 

**It [the elephant] baa no hair upon the skin of 
it bat a rough tannie skin, and UAutg throughout 
all its bod]^ ; the trunk of it Urki, and it controcta it, 
and draws it in, and dilates and lets it out, as it pleases." 
Law*s Memorialls, ni 176-7. 

IbL ierk^ oontranere ; Mhuf r, contraetus, in plicas 
addttctus. HoBur lerkadr ai hlritutm; caline circa 
crura in plicae coaetae, Tiandnam. GL In tne same 
sense we say that stocking* ars UrtU, 

LiBK, s. 1. A crease, a mark made by 
doubling any thing, S. 

2. A fold, a double, S. 

The mare, who look'd both ikt and plump. 
And had no Urk in all her leather. 
More than what* s in a ftill blown bladder,— 
—The mare, I eay, when wind got vent, 
Look'd lean like bntchen doss in Lent. 

Mmom*» iV i i s, pc 141 

3. Metaph. a double, a subterfuge. 

*'It is the Lord we have to do with, who knows how 
to seek out the Urkt of our pretences. " M' Ward's Con- 
tendinge, pi S07. 

4. A wrinkle. 

Some loo tbe coorte, eome loo the kirk, 
Some loo to keeu their akios free Urkt ; 
For me, I took tham a' for etiiks 
That loo'd na money. 

JbuMey^s Bmsm , L SOT. 

5. A hollow in a hill. 

The hills were high on Oka side. 
An' the bought V the Urk o* the hiU ; 
And aye, aa she sang, her voice it rang. 
Out o*er the head o* yon hUl. 

MimatnUg UnUr, iiL.261. 




Lnxn» a4f' ^^ ^' craMei, wrinkled, Sw 
To US, «. a. Fh>b^ to aatiuga. V . Lisa. 

■ iDiMdym 

dyoor Un0Mr to ttiL 
," Flttk. Cn. Bml WMid ntlMr iiiid«r- 

[LI80H, LxiSH. j; 1. A thong of leather, 
a laih for a whip ; halt ImcAm, the leather 
tiMOgi faj which a hawk is tied up, S. V. 

t. A lath or blow with a whip or a straps 

Clyd-.] . 

[To LnoBy Lbish, v. a. I. To tie ap, or to 
attadi» bjr Boeans of a thong or cora 

S» To hah, to beat, to pnniah by whippings 

LuGHiKy LBEBHory «. A thrashing a beat- 
nii^ a whi^Mng^ ibid. 

USKt Lunic, «. The flank, the groin, S. 
LUk, iaU, id A* Bor. Leik^ Lincoln. 


i)^ Firyd; 839,7. 

Ol IL *Iiiii> lagMo." Frampt. Fur. •'Lute^ 
Wtba Mlv} (Ft.i Ajns Le^ Um gran;* Pkbgr. K 
ia^F. i<k 

Dml AmK 8w. id. tooo. liiimik^ Ihrt. Belg. 

USLEBUBOH, $. A name said to have 
been giTon to tiie city of Edinborgh. 

**akaal tm or twolv* cbiiyt a^ Um QnBOi »1 o«r 

to Hum town m J^uMurvAt to giv« her 
ftflain of Stoto» which* withoot her 
oookLnolhegotdiepotched." Lett. 


Keiih'e Hiet, p. 348. 

FrivyCoooeil of SootL to the Qneen-mother of 

teetoble OTideneee, I now 

WM the FrBneh imellatioii for Edin- 
haiiPi; hal whj thej cum oo to oul it, I know not." 

OBald the IVoneh think of nrioff thie nome to oar 

ihloBOe to Lkle, a fortified ei^ in Flanders, de- 
tnm the etreomf with which it wm 
t v. Iif{^ Diet. Trer. 

LESFUND, #• A weight containing ISlbs., 
eonmioDlj used in Orlm. and ShetL Y. 


To USSy V. n. To cease^ to stop. It never 
See e if it nerer ceases, Boxb. 

iUliod to Id. Ino^ A.-& Ip-au, lolTere ; Den. IZi- 
to hel^ to reuere; lUe^ 



Bat the afinitj ie more evident from the 

from which oar «. might be fonned. Ximc, 

.tie ; n '* e alaoking or looeing» 

Heaoe 4f**"9> Umttgt Umuae^ 



ItflBS, Lnasira, e. 1. Cessation, release ; de- 
aoting a state of quietness, or an interval 

from trouble; as, ** He has nae lUeeM frae 
the cough ;'^ he has no cessation in cough* 
in^; the cough harasses him without inter- 
mission i* Loth. Leeekine^ 3. A. 

2. ^BemissioQ, or abatement, especially of 
an^ acute disease. Fr. and Sue tieeef re- 
missio, cessatio.** Gl. Sibb. 

We may add* ae cegnnto tonne, Dan. &e» 8fi.-0. 
£iM^ otium, reqniee a dolore toI eenra qoolibet mali. 
Dire eeeme to Tiew leL ie^-o, A.-8b ^et^ Vw^'^i ^ 
looser M theorigia. 

JJST.adf. Agile. 

■* When aajr of hie diadplee were not Jnet ao KM and 
hriik ae thej misht have been— he thought no ehame, 
enren on the Qolf-fiekU,— to cane and ewear at then^ 
M if he had hinveU been one of the King'a cavaUen.'* 
R. Gilhaiie, ii. 130. 

Chanoer haa Kami, eaaed, raliered, the only term I 
have ohaatied, which may perhapa be allied. 

LIST, «. Apparently for Lastf as denoting 
a certain quantity of fish. 

'•viij U of ^sradio;'' AhenL Beg., A. IIOS, V. I& 

LISTARIS, s. pL The small yard arms. 

'*Hatl oo yoar top aail acheitia, Wra your ìiHarim 
and yoar top aail tramia, 4 heiae the top aail hicar.** 
CompL &, p. S3b 

Barfai^pa from /iM; the border of a garment* or Qerm. 
Ìais^ ainnaToatia. 

USTER, a. A spear for killing fish. V. 

ToLIT,LiTr, v.a. andn. l.Tody^totinge, 
S.A.Bor. Part. pa. fòfy^ dyed. ['«To/t^ 
to dye indigo blue," OL Shetl.] 

** Na man hot ane bvrgea may buy woQ to lU, nor 
make claith, nor cat claith, without or within bouigh.'* 
BaiTOW Lawe% c 22. 

— — » Tonmi by hia bait and ncent dcde 
Bad wyth hja blade liUyi the gronnd al nda 

DtmgL Virgil, 482, 0. 

2. To blush deeply, to be suffused with 
blushes ; as, <^Her face liitii f Fife. 

Radd. derivea it from Lat. iU-um, aopine of /ina 
Sibb. with far greater propriety mentioaa Sw. leU-a^ 
id. Onr term ii more immediately allied to laL /if-€^ 
eolorara, tin^era, litr, Sn.-0. Ut, anc. Hit color ; hence 
iwaeliU, Tanegatod* q. of two colonn ; laL /tt-Zlavj^ 
decolor, ^iklaetU, Teatae tinctae, Uiverpur, coknem de- 
ponena^ ae. 

Thia teim aeema to be confined to the ScandtnaTÌan 
dialecto of the Goth. I haTe^ at leaat, obaerred no 
Teatige of it ia the Qenn. 

Lit, Litt, «. 1. Colour, dye, tinge, S. 

«'It iaaeae apeidfiill, that lU be cnrit rp, and Tait 
aait waa wont tobe." Aeto Ja. IL, 1457, o. 78, edit. 

15SS. V. H00SB8 ; alao the v. Hence, 

2. Dye-Stuffs, S. [""Litt, indigo,** Gl. ShetL] 

•« Xti; called orahaidtt, the bamU—zzL" Bataa, 
A. 1611. 

Perhape wo have the root in C. B. ff jw, the color, 
whenoe Jtiwpdd, tinotor, wuliUUir. 

[Lrr-FAT, LiTT-FALT, «. A Tat f or dyo-stuffs, 
a dyei's rat, S.] 




[hrMSOUBEf LiTT*HOU8| •• A dye-honsey a 

[LiT^PATy LiT»POT« A pot or iron Yessel 
wed for dyiiur. The Ib-pol was at one 
Miiod an inoispensable article in the 
tamilj, S.] 

LirSTABy LirSTBiiy «• A dyer, one who gives 

' [*«Littie, 

a oolonr to dothes, S. [^ LittiOi a dyer/ 
OI. Banffs.] 

** And iTm SUkir be dfmper, mor by eUith to tell 
i«M% MTjiltiMilittiuarto^ TDder UMDMMof Mehait** 
▲oto Ja. IL, 1407, a 70, Mi. 15S0. 

'*lls wvtor, fiMcr. aor flMh«r, m»]r be brather of 
lbs BMrcliwH g^de ; eieept tbey tweira that they 
mD Bet vae their oOeee with their swin hand, bot oalie 
be eHvaBle Tader theBU** Burrow Lawee, o. 99. 

Thii^iaad,iealeoO.& **LiUtar. Tinotor. LU- 
Ukm Of ebitbe. Tiaetara.*' Prompt Parr. The v. 

Xif^N, elothee. Tiago." Ibid. 

JbL ttaaanaadart t&aefeer, literally a oolour-maa. 

LimvCHLBiD, s. A vessel used by dyers. ' 

*• Am fp/% Mkt§ UU prioe taeaty poondie, aae litill 
Utttmg UOL arioe eax poundie, aae nasar of eilaer." 
Abeid. Be9.» A. 1641, V. 17. 

At int view oaa a^ght eappoee that thie had beea 
aaOed a ÌM^ ae beiiw firmed A iead, Bot this origin 
very doabtfa^ as Teat loede signifiee oapea, 

\iJT,mt€fj. ''OUtt Olitl alas^absP GL 

^LTTANT, s. A long unmeaning e£Fasion, 

To LTTCH, «• a. **To strike over;** Gall. 
EncycL Peifaaps corr. from E. Lea$h. 

LITE, «. Synoo. with Sham, Aberd. V. 

LITE^ Lttb, 0^. Little^ small, limited. 

OaaiHg thy imiaa fa id febfll mad liit, 
Aad lUe kaawhge prefeoad end infiaite. 

iht^ Pttyi^SlO^l 

TbfiUta too efTkoy, that hers fa wrocht. 
May Mt wythheld the ia sk beuadfa (vli: 

Aal, SOe, 50. 

«"Mi^«afa^afMrorHtlle. North.** GL Grose. 

Lnn, Lttb, «• 1. A short while. 

lad tbei«h I sloed ebefait the a IgU, 

JTA^f gaatr, & 22. 

lyoa bssslk aiy iAjl lyffi to resplts, 
Tlst laay IsiL ndeadofe yit ens /y<tf/ 
AU paae ead hwoar that ysa fist bm tend. 

Domm. r«yva, 28S, S4. 

StthMi be fu bfaa diaws towsrd Normaiidy, 
TÌM loade le ffaits, A to eomfoit bis fivodsiL 
He fstled bei a liii^ a somis the Inalb him ssadsi. 

JL AtuMS^p^SL 

i. A small portion. 

1 kmw tbeifa fUl fyto 

DmQ. VirgU, Z, 41. 

A.-8. Ifi^ ^, Pf*>B* P*"^ i ^'-^' ^* ^ ^' 
nua. It la aoi iasproeaUe that this ia allied to 

8o.4>. A[«c, vitiam, as fiMfeaesf impUea the idea oC 
deleet Thaa the origin amy be lit Uoè^ daamaa 
aooiperoi VenL 

LITE, Ltts, «. 1. A nomination of candi- 
dates for election to any office. 

*< Aiddbald Eari of Aisile,«JaBue Bed of Morton, 
aad Jobs Eari of BCarr^ beiag put ia (itos, the voioee 
went with the Bari of Marre.^ Spotswood, p. 258. 

— " Yoa win not finde aay Bishop of Scotland, whom 
the OeneraU Assemblie hath oot first aominated and 
giroa wp m Mss to that efleet" Bn. Galloway's 
0ihaiologi% p. 180. V.LUR. 

2. Elect, contra, of tffyttf, q. v. 

He stad ss L$U twa yhsrs owrs, 
' Aad Bysehape thntty yhers sad foors. 

IFyaloam, vii. & 141. 

To Lite, Lttb, v. o. To nominate, to propose 
for election ; the term alwa3rs implying tliat 
there is an opportunity given of preferring 
one to another. 

«*Tbe eaidie proToit, baiUiee, and eonnaell [saB] 
aominat and ijfte thrie penonis of the maist discroit, 
flodlie, and o valfeit persoais of enerie oae of the saidis 
tourtene oraftie, maist expert hand lawboraris of tliair 
awin crafts and enerie craft be thame selfl&s forth of 
thir namee sail elect a nersoan quhasalbe thair deacons 
for that yeir." Acta Ja. VL, 1S84, Ed. 18U, p. 362. 

To LITH, Ltth, e. n. To listen, to attend. 

Tbea ssid hs load apoae lolt, " Laid, will ys /yM, 
Ye ssl aaae forfeir bstyds, I tsk upoas hsau." 

OawoM «md OoL, UL 18. 

Tbia word is eo mm o a in O. B. Sa.-G. /yci-a, IsL 
kifd^ aadire^ obediro; kiffdmg^ hiydin, Dan. fyrf*^, 
ohediena Fkom the a., as Ihro obeerree, aro formed 
A.-S. klifai-^m, Sn.-0. /ysl-ra, 'fif-a, A/asf-o, Ijfsii'a, 
Germ, laasl-eni, Belg. Imytii-^n^ B. Rk, litUm, 

LITH, s. 1. A joint, a limb, S. 

—Thsro iiihÌB sad lymys ia sslt wattir bsdyit, 
atrskit oa the eoist, spred flutii, bsldt sad d^it 

Aw0L Virgil, IS, 28. 

Not BdUis ae ia the priated copy. V. GL Eudd. 

** Lookiag to thebrMingof that bred, it ropresents 
to thes^ thebreakiag of the bodie and blood of Christ : 
not that his bod^ was broken in bone or tUk, but that 
it was broken with dolonr, with anguish aad dtstres of 
hart^ with the weight of the indignatioa aad furie ol 
God, that he sastained for our sins qnhilk hee bare." 
Braoe'e Sena, oa the Saer., 1500^ Sign. F. 4, b. 

**£yC4orlymma. Membram.— ZyCA/ro /y6t Mem- 
biatifliL*' Prompt Parr. 

2. Used metaphor, to denote the hinge of an 
argument, o. 

The Squire aeresir'd ; his hcsit did dsacs. 
For be bed nll*n on this perchsace, 
He did sdmira, sad praise the pith of % 
Aad Isugh sad ssid, I hit tks /»6t of 't, 

CtdnuTs Potms^ p 3L 

3. A division in any fruit ; as, ^ the Uth of an 
oranger,** — ^of an iiigan,** &Cf S. 

4. The rings surrounding the base of a co\v\s 
horn, M. Loth. 

** The horns of the Hyeoro cow aro without aanalets, 
or liiks ae waoall them.^ Agr. Surr. M. Loth., p. 155. 

A.-S. tiik, artue, membram, leL Htha, id. VeroL 
lad., pw 158. Thie learaed writer deduces it from 




thai it pTOMrl J dMiol« the 

tlMJoÌBta. rroprMattflaanis 

I. Abm., Dm., B«lg. iiJ. 

1IÒM.-0. miSika te OMd to denote » 

ICill. vtn. 6; iz. 9^ doprivod of the QM 

} w ikBJfmf Jirom or omi tf. To this 

& ^fìlK or owf nfM, Jf tl rTn t r ', die- 

To LiT^ 9. «. To separate the joints one 
from another, especialljr for facilitating the 
buaiiiess of camng a piece of meat, S. Y • 
M, «^ srtiiwIitiM dÌTÌdii^ doMtoswi 

liru JS, ItYrHm^adf. 1. Cahn, sheltered from 
tiiebliist»& Laiica8h.IVon./yd0^by<^S.B. 
sjiioo* Inm* 

"^A %Cle eÌMO-«^t fsMid firam tiio wind or sir/' 
Badd. m XcTne fiOe etfe V" <*< Atft that which ie 
OMd to the UmI, & 

Ib a Me entie hewh, Ib a cottafep 

'. d lowta o* food petige^ 


loasHabo' ~ ~ 

Weaa'd haaMt foàas Hab o' the Heneh. 

JmSmm't i^yc BA, 1 2W. 

Ilka tfcee fhnr aeaaa free etieit or field, 
ai^ h^ Ami teaSlAer bield. 

▼ • 800OQ| ft* Mm 

1. Wann, possessing genial ^heat. 

Ika woMeaaivi btDc leooaybid him fbll ewyth, 
4ja ia a bed thai baoeht him fidr and ^(A. 

ITaOaef^ IL 87S, Ma 

8. Affscticoate, metaphor, used. One is said 
to ktuM a fiUs satlff to a person or thing, when 
it is meant that he has attachment or re- 
gardy S. B. 

A.-8L klUktt «aiatai^ tnBmù]lQa» Meowik, apricitaa, 

ihÌM^ Umd^aea, caUdae^ aia aridentlv allied. 

it appeals m a BMia primitÌTe lonn in leL hUae^ 

aaihnwafanay loeoa a reato toI aole ininm« 

Ad dmgm I Afi< ooealtoi% eelare, enbdaoere. 

LdU, loeaa aoli. a e cfadane inter hnmiliora tcrrae* 

tanqaain latibahim depwMÌonii lod ; G. Andr. lel. 

A%% dioeha tBr lataa cajnaTÌa montia, potieeimnm, 

tHMapan BM»tk a ▼autia Irigidioribna maxiipo avena. 

Jna. St. ¥0» Xraiewann. VT Li, vnder which eome 

■Mntiooed; aa both worda 

IaTHil,LTTHiB^ac(f. Warm, comfortable, S. 

Toall teat ai j tva-three leauaiet pky : 
. lad tee the eOkr bfaraie craok. 

And Hot the lamack'e Mag tae fejF. 

To LiTHX, Ltthe, v. o. To shelter, S.B. 

th«a the Mbm Snt ton'd hie laol 
t the WeaUas ^ the FanT. 
Ma iha kladlT lytfA'if hie beck, 

r«iTHi!^ Ltths, s. !• a warm shelter, S. B. 

-She ftae aay beeld wm flur aws*. 
t rtiairiilii, and they had littte IftU 

Mmdè Sdmoftf p. SS. 

2. Encouragement, favour, countenance; 
metaph. used, S. B. 

Aad he, "boot Noiy aow cad Me bm ltfth»^ 
And Bjdbj ealy oa him looked blTthe. 

HoM'e Hdmon^ p. 1(ML 

LiTHENSs, Ltthnes, 9. Warmth, heat. 

''ToaaoMBi^ thair may narar com end nor profit, 
nor body nor lif ia nevir the bettir. And. la it tynie 
aU manor oontienoe^ voce, aynd, lytihmu, and ooloar.*' 
Porteooe of Nobilnee» Edin. 1606. 

Perhapa it may aignify eoftnem^ A. «8. fiCAeBe»v, 

To LITHE, Ltthe, v. a. 1. To soften. 


I beloif that trew repentance ia the epeeial gift of 
the haly apreit^ onhilk be hie grace Ifftluè and tnmia 
onr hart to CÌocL** Abp. fiMoiltoan'a Catechieme, 
1608; FoL US; a. 

I am fnelinad to think, that thie ie the original 
idea of A. Bor. leoiA, **ceaainflL intermieeion ;" Mpe- 
cially aa Rbt givea thia example^ ** ae Uaih qf pain /* 
La., 1 appvehend, no mitigation. He rerjr nnnatarallv 
deriYaa tt fiam tiM word '* Uave^ no learing of pain. ' 
ColL, p. 44. Tlua amy abo be the origin of " lAUhe^ 
eoM or rMt,** ibid., p. 43^ which, with more Terieimi- 
litadcb hadadnoM from A.-S. fotioa, difBura^ tardare, 

2. To thicken, to mellow; S. Chesh. Spoken of 
broth, when thickened bjr a little oat-meal, 
or by much boilinff. Lancash. ^lUhe^ to put 
oat-meal in brotk" Tim Bobbin, 01. 
^ LUhing^ thickening of liquors. North.^ 
OL Grose. 

8. Applied to water, when thickened by mud. 

** Old coUiera and einken — ^report that the progroM 
made in einking throngh hard itone wae eo rery elow, 
that the coelmaeten freonently inqnired if the etnkera 
were IjftiUmg the water, toat ia, making it of a thick and 
maddy eoMr bj their operationa." Bald*a Coal-tiiide 
cfa,n. 19L 

A. -9. mA-Mta, to mitigate ; fttAewoee-aa, to become 
mellow. Onr «. ia alao need, like the latter, in a neat. 

A V. of tiiÌB fonn eeeme to baye been anciently need 
in IbL Hence Olane mentione thie ae an old proverb 
addreeeed to maid-Mrvante, when their work went on 
elowly. Huad lydur yroHtnwm getUaf Quid proficie 
pnltem coqnendo t or, ae it wonld have been exprMeed 
m ynaì^ S., "What •peid do ye mak in UiMtg the 
erowdie, maid ? ** Lex. Kun. vo. OefUa. 

Lithe, Ltthe, adj. Of an assuaging quality. 

Water thai Mked swithe, 

Ch»th and bord wm drain ; 
With meU ead^driak UtJU, 

And MriaBBM that were bayn.<— 

Sir Trisirtm, p, 4L 

Hoee.-0. kMkm daaotM etrong drink ; whence A.-S. 
IM, pocnhun. V. the v. 

**Lyihe, Boft in felinge. Mollia. Lenia.** Prompt. 

Lithin, «. A mixture of oatmeal, and some- 
times of milk, poured into broth for mel- 
lowing it, S. 

Litht, Ltthib, Lttht, adj. Thickened 
or mellowed ; as applied to broth or soup^ 




nil !■ th« Wv nd hngiT iMW, 

Utei tk« b«l wm for nK 
An MgiMi of the I^My kaU, 

*«IiB»1iitof ftlMohmytd: H«m«ui be cockered 
mwi'ipioo and pottagee»okR»g end lif^y.** Touniay. 

LITHE, 9. A ridge, an Mcent 

Bffo I |if BeUr Qekfoii* q«od Geynovr. wfUMmtea 
Al the iouitf ea!l the lùkùtto kver to leyre. 

Afir OMem cimI air OoL, H. 27. 
Li tfiii leaae, doabUeee, arc we to nndentuid the 
UnkUUk, ee need by Thomaaof EraMoaiie ; elthoa|^h 
viewed by the ingeiuooe Editor, ae "obUque for aatia- 
tetm.** V. OL 

9o eakid he hNid. BO f itti^ 
Bot that aialde* hdght 

5ip IWMrMH p. 97. 

A.-a Ueotìk, JUttUJiigoiii mootia, dima, Sm-O. /id, 
oUtu. ooUi altkr ; ffiat. Alex. Magn. 

Am IMfr of ApM^m tnMbr Mtt lùta. 
Flacel tab cUvo eabtiftMPe. 
U. M; id. Ad; mm; lotu montia, eeeiiia alao aUied ; 
pL Uiar, dooUvitalea} VereL Ind. 

LITECEB,a^'. Lazy, deepy, Ettr, Fon 

B^JQ^. kH, U. iBAir. piger. 
LiTHBBLis, adv. Lazily, ibid. 

M X hvrklit Oikeriwi down, and emnp f ocvtt alang oo 
myna loofB%" Ao. Wint Talfl% iL 41. V. Liddbb. 

UTHER, adj. Undulating. A SiUr «ly, 
a yielding sky, when the clouds undulate^ 

Ftahapa merely the B. adj.» aa agni^TÙV Pli^^ 

LTTHBY, #• A crowd; ** oommonly a des- 
picable ccowdy** Shirr. QL 

••In came sio a langel o' gentlea, and a fttAry o' 
haayial alypa at their tail, that in a wcaven the hooae 
yfim g^mM j^M L^wmk'Uit,'* Joumal from London, 

p. & 

This aeema originally the eame with Ladry. 

Aa thia tenn ia alao proiionnced Lekkrjf, and ia much 
naed in Abeideenehiieb it haa been laid that it waa 
^'originally derived from LeUk of Harthill, and hie 
dan, who were n very riolent, inde, and quarreleome 
people." Bat according to thia rule of deriTation, many 
otiieriiorthem dana moat haTO given rise to terma of 
m aimQar aignification. 

nia ia eitiier a deriv. from /cmT, people, q. v., or 
from A.-8. lythrt, malna, neqnam ; 4f<Are eymi^ adnl- 
terinnm genua. Lye ; laL Irirf-ar, tnrpia, aordidna tcI 
malia moriboa pnieditaa. 

•LITIQIOUS, adj. 1. Prolix, tedioos in dis- 
conne ; a metaph. use of the term, among 
the Tulgar, borrowed from the procrastina« 
tion of oomrts of law. Loth. 

8. TindictÌYe ; also pron. Latigiotu^ Aberd. 

LITIS, 9. pL Strifes,* debates ; Lat. liUs. 

•'That the kingie hienee nr wryte his lettres to 

bnith tho mid preUtia, exhorting and praying thame 
to kif thair contentioanie, ÌUU and ple^is cootrare till 
vtheria now mooit and dependand betnix thame in the 
ooartof Home." AcU Ja.'lV., 1403, Ed. 1S14, p. 232. 


LmsooMTESTATioinfB, «. That state of a 
case in law, in whicb botb parties having 
been fully heard before a judige, agree that 
he should give a final decision. 

•• Jame Sparii protea^ that Beohert W*Jj«»Jj 
MMmmyt. oThiiteotiiedtdkmM be maid m the aaid 
«maa!^Abeid. Beg., V. IS, p. ML Or, before. 

LTTSALTIS, •.pL Errat. of lU/aUii or lU- 

•« Ane mekill Ml, ana UttiU laid, tun fJCMfti*,** Ac. 

^F^JSl^etJldtlJ^^ *?^-n.^V^ 

for W, or dye-stoffii} aa tiie phraae, "ane W ywe, 
ocenn daewaere. V. 21. 

LnTAB,«. Prob., a horse-litter. 

•*Item, half a fiitor of cramoMMie vdvot freinydt with 
odd and ailk.*' InTcntoriee, A. 1661, P. 146. 
ApparenUy a iort of bed carried by horeee, a hone. 

litt«^rte»Jdlingi ¥r.Mert,Udiire,fnmi»ei.^h^ 

LITTERSTANE, s. A stone shaped into 
the form of a brick, about two feet in length, 
and one foot in other dimensions, Aberd. 

•'Theatoneaancdled ttlfcr Jleiief, beeanee, bdoiu 
tho loada wem formed, they need to be earned ma 
UUer to the bnildera, and were lold at to«P«>««,^» 
ddÌTCied at the foot of tho waU ; Agr. Sunr., Aberd., 

p. S7. 

LITTLEANE,s. A child, S. 

—Pu 8000 ■• the jimp three rdths was noe, 
The daintiett UUUanM bonny Jeaa niiah name, 
To Saih and Uoid that ever had a claim. 

AMff Atfmevv, p. 12: 

Thia may be q. UUU enc ; or from A. ^S. IptliHg, par- 
Tolna. V. Lnro, term, 

Hamilton writea thia aa à compouid term ; "The 
dedaratioii— of thy wordia Uchtena, and gewia trew m* 
telligence to the ^onef." Facile Traictiae, p. 60. 

LITTLE-BOUKIT, adj. 1. Small in size, 
not bul^, S. 


The carlings HaggT had io denked-p 

They made her twice ae /Ulto «011*5*. _ _ 
F&ròet*t LomùUi Dtpo^d, p 87. 

[2. Of small account, of no authority, con- 
temptible ; as, •* He was big an' bouncin* 
wT his pleas, but wi* jist twa three words the 
shirra made him unco iiuMnHMtT Clydes., 
Perths., Banffs.] 

LITTLE-DINNER, s. A morsel taken in 

the morning before going to work, Teviotd., 

UTTLEGOOD, Littleocdt, $. Sun- 

spurse, or wart-spuree, an herb, S. Eu- 

pnorbia helioscopia, Linn. 

LITTLE-GUDE, s. The devil, Ayrs. 

•«The mim maidena nowadap hare ddÌTered them- 

eelTce np to the Littfe-yude in the "ll*!* «t«!^«?.' 
o' noTdlee and Thomeon'a Seaeooa.*' The Entail, ii. 






nnIj ìmÈf tkU Bight, for I 
HwmliltbtaffpMÌtMB WMtlMwidov." TlMStMun- 

•^Bl8%liboMi btgHi to iwoiUr aft wImI ooold U 
Ikmmmm^i allthia mimiqg h«ra aad riding tben^ m 
tfthsAMviMbwMalhiìhàSa.'* Aaiuili of^ P«id^ 

LTTTLEB, miy. of LitUe; lesa^ S. B. 
LlRLBBT, mpirL Least, iUd. 

UTTLEWOBTHtod^'. Worthless; a term 
oftea applied to a persoa who has a bad 
dianMster, and is viewed as destitate of 

. mòffal principle^ S. His a Uulewortk body 

tlMft 1m wodd nol oomt to 

r.— Hs daleodad hinkMll by Mying, ' He had 

• to a atoaqgar who aant for him ; and ha 

hiaa afittte worUparaon.*" BoawaU'a Jonraal, 


phiaa% though sol naad in a oompodto fonn, 
IB K. Haooa H ia aaid, Ptor. ~' 

hint al tho wiokad k ttcb tMrfft.' 

z. 90L '«Tha 

LrrXLiwOBTH, t • This term is used sabstan- 
threly in Dmnfr.; 9m^m$aUaUworih, V. 


U!ÌTLIE,adj. Bather little* Loth. 

BisDOlalwMaaaadtBthiaaaiiaa. Forthaanwaa- 
' n. MMO ftlllifl; ia aooiatiaiaa naad. 
FHhapa temad from tha A.-8. 9, M^-oa^ to da- 
nWrffci^ftf^BftdaorBaoami lja> 

LIDNOyf. An atom* a whit, a particle^ Ang. 

laeaioalF think thai thia aaa ha aUiad toSa.-0. 
Ihiupa^ to ii|^taB» ^ a fliah» a glaooa. 

LiY£^ Lxus, Ltvb, f • Life. EUme ùn 
Um^ eternally in Itfe, or alive, immortal. 
Omljf9€f alive. 

Waa BOB on ^fat thatjtok m mach ob hiad 

▲ad hi tha laif laauuiia itenM 


DlNVL FtryO, SOS, 61 
Tha phiaaa ob thif ia froBi A.^ ob 4i^, alÌTa ; Tha 
At OB ìjfwmm^ whaB ha waa aliva^ I^jra. 

Xi«a ia wad for lira or lif Ob 0. B. 

Iha anparoar of Almajaa wylltda to wyoa 
Maid tha kjaga'a dogtar, k to ryate Ivnt. 

A 6«0M&, pi 4tSL 

LivxB, tt^'. Lively, sprightly, Teviotd. ; the 
same with Deliver. 

To LIVEB, e. a. 7b liver a veuel^ to onload 
the goods carried by her, S. 

Gann. Utfer^ IV. fiatvar. to daltTar, to rander. 
**If an/ of that nctoaU ahaU happia to ha Urered 

10 dd 

withia tfiair haaadb— that thay alao dataina and 
tha ▼ietnall.'* fto. Aota. Cha. IL, Ed. 1S14^ VIH. 61. 

[UVEB-BANNOCKS. Bannocks baked 
with fish»livers between them, ShetL] 

Livna-ORUKE, Livsa-OBOOK, s. An inflam- 
mation of the intestines of calves, Boxb. 

** Chlvai^ duriag tha fiiat thraa or foar waaha, ara 
aoBiatimaa aaiaad with aa inflammatioB ia tha intaa- 
ttoaa» piovinoially oallad iiwer-crook or atrUiM, It ia 
attaadad with a atraagoiy, aad aaldoea oorad.** Agr. 
Sbtv., Bosh.» p. 140. 

[LiVBii-oup. or Knooe, s. A piece of doiu|^ 
is kneadea in the shape of a cnp, and tms 
cnp is fiUed mth fish-livers, and strips of 
doogh are laid over the top. It is then 
placed upon the heated hearthstone and 
baked, ShetL] 

[LiVEBrFLACKiES, s. pL Two half-dried pil- 
tacks are split, the *^rig^ is taken onL and 
fresh livers are pnt between them. They 
are then roasted upon the hearthstone, 

LlVBB-MOOOIE, LirsB-xuooxB, «• The 
st(»nach of the cod filled with fish-liver, 
Ac, a dish nsed in Shetland; evidently 
from Sw. le/werf liver, and mage^ the maw 
or stomach. 

LnrEBT-DOWNiB, «. A haddock stuffed with 
ItoiTf • meal, and spiceries ; sometimes the 
roe is added, Aug. 

LIVEBY-MEAL, s. Meal given to ser- 
vants as a part of their wages, S. 

*' Aboat tha tiaia of tha Uaioa, tha ooobbiob day'a 
wagea of a Uboorer wara from'Sd. to Sd. par day. 
Whaa ^taery-meo/ waa gETaa, 2 packa or 161b. waightpar 
waak, aaaaia to hava Gsaa alwaya tha fizad qoaatity, 
Thoaa ploaghBMti, who did aot liva ia tha fanaar'a 
lioaaa, liad, baaidaa thair Ijaery-auoi^ 61 boUa par 
aaaaai, aad 4d. par waalc, aadar tha nama of ktUnem 
moaay." P. Alloa> Stat. Aoc, TÌiL 626, N. 

Fr. Ihrèe, tha "datiTafy of a thiag that'a givaa ; 
aad (bat laiaa propariy) tha thiag ao givao. — La 
Limr49 da ChanomeB, thair— daily aUowaaoa ia tìo* 
taaÌM, or ia aioaay.** Cotar. Haaca K B. Uvreia 
ia a aiaiilar aaaaa. LAr-ahtt pnsbitio, ia syaoa. 

[To JjTVIEB, v. n. To loiter, to linger, to 
saunter, ShetL] 

T.TXTR^ t. The female who, before a Penny- 
bridal, goes from place to place borrowing 
all the spoons, knives, forks, &c., that may 
be necessaiy for the use of the company, 
An£. She is entitled to her dinner mtis, 
as the payment of her services. L. B. /tr- 
aref mundaret 

LIZ, Lizzie, Leezie, «. Abbreviations of 
the name Èlisabeih^ S. 

LO AOS, s. pL Stockings without feet, worn 
by the laoouring classes during summer, 
Stirlings., South of S.; Logif Loth.; synon. 
HoeehinB^ Hoggere^ Moggan^ q. v. 

Ta*rt fano wlthoataa sbooo or boota, 
Bat alorpia loagt about yoor oootn 

Mof^M SooL PmiianJi^ p 17. 




[LOAKIEf LooKi% mUrj. An ezpression 
of snrprÌM; toakUBf loa6e9t and lootk m€f 
•re other f onna, Perthsi Benffs.] 

LO ALUNOy f • * Loud mewing^ Teviotdale* 

— ''TImt wwt •graeabljr mnriMd with the toattÌMg 
ol «■!§ I wvioh, upon nuhluiig their appeanuioe on the 

tnneinogrified into women.** Sdin. 

MM.. Jane 1820, p. 034. 
A ' 

weed peifaape tnnemitfeed from the Donee of 
Northnmhm t Den. kM^r^ '* to eing, ee » child going 
lo ekejk to wig ktllebj,** Wolff i ebo UM-er ; UL 
UtO-Ot SL Ia*. laU<ire. V . the etymon of Lilt. 

[LOAMICES, f. pL The hands; a cant 
imd, ShetL] 

LOAMY, adj. Slothful, inactiyei Loth. 
Synon. I^, S. B. 

OldBe|a.lMN€;tMrdiie,inger} Kilian. P^rheoehoth 
lUi^ end Tenl lMn» homo etapidn% inenleni^ neve n 
onmmwi origin with X^» <|. t. 

LOAN, LoKE, Loaning, $. h An opening 
between fields of corny near or leaaing to 
the homestead, left nncnitivated, for the 
sake of driving the cattle homewards, S. 
Here the cows are frequently milked. 

Theeme hes looe'd hb ooaen free the plengh ; 
ICaaar hy this has btwk the topper-ioonei ; 
Inoiepekle kje ftend rowting m the lomu. 

n — ii f, a 7. 

On whooMh tnbi le j two lei^ deili, 

Oa them stood mony e goeii, 
Some ffil'd wi' bnehen, some wi' keil, 

Henoe the phieee^ a Imm soiip, **mi]k even to 
pemtngori when they oome where they ere milking ; " 
Kelly, p. 871. 

Set now thers*8 e moeirfng on like green ioaming, 
Thel ov taww forasteie eie e' weds ewey. 

JtUmm'$ & JkHgB, VL % 

Urn tvm, I ioapect, ie allied to E. ISown. As this 
dUpnfim en open epeoe he t ween woode, there ie gjreet 
eflnitr of ìoml The.B. word ie generally derived 
Iran uen., 8a.-G., hind, a grove. V. Jnn. S^rm. GeeL 
tàtL howevoT t agnifiee e mMdow. 

XBenrff, es UMd hy Cheooer, ie rsndersd "e plein 
not plowed ;** Tjrrwhitt. 

1^ the faMMif he rideCh Um ftd right, 

Thar wu the hart ywoot to kavs his flight 

MnigkUt, r. V. IML 

Heaee the phraee e Aole ioan o/ ifcye, Le., all the oowa 
helnngiw^ to » fano, S. ; ell the mUch-oowe being ae- 
esahbd tt the loon. 

Kimmsr cea milk e Aelf Imm o/lwt, 
Yst lit et the ingle fh' snog aa^ ftf dry. 

**8he poesaeeed a eympathetio milking peg which 
eonU estraot milk from any oow in the panah." Be- 
■mins of Nithsdele Song, p. 291. 

Mr. Gkomek here givee an acoonnt of the meena need 
fbr rsetorimr milk, when "the ely Gnidwyfe com- 
poonded wita the mother of cantripe for her kale ioan 

Camh.Xi0WMiiersnderedfaiie;GLBelph. **Looan, 
or fogflw i H- '' id* Groee. 

S. A narrow inclosed waj^ leading from a 
town or Tillage, sometimes from one part of 
a Tillage to another, S. This seems at iirst 

to haTo been applied to a place where there 
were no buildings, althoo^ the term has in 
some instances been continued afterwards. 
It is nearly allied to E. lang^ as denoting ''a 
narrow way between hedges.** 

—He spaai^d oet mmpeg'd an' aaid, 

Tliat nana amon' da a* 
Dnrst veataie oat apo' the Isns^ 
. Wl' him to shak a fc*. ^ ^ 

3. In some towns it is used to denote a nar- 
row street, S. like IL Lane* 

LOANING-DTKB, s. ** A wall, commonlj of 
sods, dÌTÌding the arable land from the pas- 
ture ;** Agr. Surr. Caithn., p. 143. 

"In the mntoal declarator of property between Mr. 
George Wilaon of Plewlanda and Oeorgs Dundee of that 
ilk, oonoemingthe right of a loaning, — ^foond Dnndaa'a 
di^Moition to Flewlenda, baang of the eame tenaatrv, 
lyin^on the eeet end weet aide <4 the loaning, it oonld 
not melnde or oomprahend the aemew" Foonteinh. 
SnppL, Deo., iv. 238. 

LoAN-soup, $. A draught of milk gÌTen to 
a stranger who comes to the place yrhere 
the cows on a farm are milked ; milk fresh 
from the cow, S. 

'*YoaereeewhiteeBaloMifoii}s''8.Praf^ *'8poken 
to ilatterara who apeak yon lair, whom the Soota call 
Wkiurolk,'' KcOIy, p.371. 

** Milk given to etranflore when they 
they era a milking^** N. ibid. 

LOAN, LoNX, s. 1. PkoTÌsions. 

*'It oonoeme hie Majeety'e liogea— to repair when 
end where he thinka fitting; upon 48 hoars advertiee- 
ment, with 15 daya ions. Theae are therefore to re* 
qnire and onmmand yoa,«to be in reed in eea, and pre- 
pared with 16 daya provition. "— '* Ilk heritor to farniah 
nia preat men with 40 daye loan, and arme conform. '* 
SpeUing, i. 118, 248; alao 118, ii 284. 

[2. Wages, pay; bounty.] 

The term ia eo need by Spalding in hia aeoonnt 
of the equipment of the troope raiaed in Aberdeen, 
ee part of the army of the oovenantere, who went 
to join General Leely in EngUnd, A. 1844. 

'* Hk eoldier wae fnmiahed with twa aarka, coat, 
breeka, hoosb and bonnet, bande and ehoone, a aword 
and moaket, powder end ball for eo menv, end other 
eome a aword and pike, aooording to order ; and ilk 
eoldier to have aix ahiUing every day for the apace 
of 40 dava, of loan ailver ; ilk twelve of them had a 
baggage nocae^ worth 60 poand, a stonp, a {wn, a pot 
for their meat end drink, together witn their hire or 
levy or loan moony, ilk aoldier eetimate to 10 dollare.'* 
Tronblee in 8., ii. 150. 

It eeema properly to aignify wagee, pay; Germ. 
Ma, id. Tent, loon, 8n.-G. loin, merooe, from loen-o, 
to give. V. Laen, Ihxn, p. 80. 

To LOAVE, V. a. 1. To expose for sale, 

This is probebly an old Belgio word in onr ooan- 
tiy s ae it exactly oorroaponda to mod. Belg. Iooe-€n, 
"to eek money for warea, to aet a price on ^ood% to 
rate ;" SeweL Teat, lov-en om U verkoopen, (i.e., with 
a view to aale,) indicate, aeetimare, pretiam atatnete 
rei venaUa. Kilian viewa it ae an oblique aenae of 




iMdoMi M^ ftoooiduig to HociM, h* mwim 
Ut fMdm wlM wkhM to dupoM of thMi. Habm 

V Btlf. Ipomt. '^aa adtar of mon^/' «nd Iimvìii^, 

t. To kmer tbe price of any thing ia par* 
fliaiinft to oflFer a smaller pnoe thaa has 
been asked; as, ''.What md ye mak by 
iMew'nijrbeastr Loth. 

[LOB^ LOBBACBy f. A large piece of any 
thing* When extent or surface is implied^ 
U is gsnerall J nsed : toftiocA almost alwaTs 
impliM lump. Clydes.] 

LOBBAy #• The same with Lubba, q. y. 

'Oa tbo haaj ImsUmt aad Mba pMtiuM tlimr 
Mp] aie St ttarprime from fivo to seven yeenold.^ 
aiieti., App. p. 4A. 

LOBSTER-TOAD, the Cancer Aranena. 


To LOO AL| p. a. To apportion an increase 
at salary to a minister among different 
tandholden, S. 



tiisir pmnaion, to loeatt snAeient 
and angmantotionn of fehair Dieaent atipeodia. 

na nirtk of tiie thriddia lie the takkismen 
sf tmdl%''*e. Aela Ja. VL, 1603. Ed. 1816, p. 94. 

<--'* WIm that giMiiteiii ia--^OMlZerf or proportìoi^ 
SMM^ the diflbnat landholders liaUe in the stipend, 
it ii styled a.deoree ''modification and looJity." 
InUaa's Insk. & iL T. 10^ f 47. 

"^Worthy Dr. Blatteiml was induced, from the 
■i wi ti on el a gnmt of laiM^^to enter into a long ex- 
ybnation oo no i imiii g the inteipretation giren by the 
mind eoortin the oonaiderationof each a clause, which 
had se e m ed in a procesa for tocagiiio his last aogmenta- 
lioasfslvMid.'' Antiqoaiy, iL S3. 

LoOAUTY. •• 1« The apportioning of an in- 
crsase ot the parochial stipend on the land- 
hoUers, aooofding to certain rules, S. 

*'1!W whole Ihheaof the parish ont of which the 
siipeBd is modified, aiw understood to be a secnrity 
fa Ihs mini s tor , til], by a decree of locofify, the pro- 
I payable by eaeh landholder be ascertained, 
a aeorse off loealtt|f, no landlord is liable in 
tima the proportion that he ia ehargsd with by 
leone." Srskine'a Last. «1 m^, 

t. Used also in relation to the liferent of a 
widoify S. 


keaMiff b also applied to each lands aa a 

widow has seenrsd to her by ner oontraot in liferent, 
aio said to be her feeolil^ foiMÌt.'* BeU*aDict. 

LOCH, LoyoH, s. 1. A kkoi S. 

& Lmmt to throw ont water, or to throw it np, has 
Ma derived from Lat. ìav^ to wash. The r. fo lave, 
as isad in 8.^ pioperiy signifies to throw water, in the 
WET of dashing it on the face, or any other object. 
It tmdndes tte ideis both in oopioosness, and of force; 
sadiaBMst probablT allied tolsL hav-ar, flait, floe- 
Mtat { aa dsoottng too motioa of the waves, or their 
dashisf on the rocks. JBdoe laam-ar vm tiUinm ; Non. 
adinit nnda eoopBlo. Hence LoMg-r primarily signifies 
liqaor fiasns. nenoe also iaag-o. lavo, abluo ; laM^, 
bfatie^ ablatio. The term, look, Umghy as applied to 
an srm of the asa, may thus have originally meant a 
body ol fkiwing water. 

Thai abaid tai that he was 
Intryt ia ane narow place, 
Bstwis a loMdWd andabra. 

Awis T> ULIOSL lia 
Bat tnddafadle thay fall on slewthAai sleip, 
FoUowaad plesanos dn>wnit ia this ImA ot eair. 

i*alas0 ^ AbfMur, ^ a 

It ia vsed metaphor, by Dooglaa. . 

S. An arm of the sea, S. 

*'Thero arob in aereral parta of the Higfalanda, 
winding hollows between t&e feet of the moontaina 
wherainto the sea flows, of which hollows some aro 
navigsble for ships of harden for ten and twenty milea 
together, inland : Thoee the natives call (oeA« or lakee, 
alttioagh they aro salt^ and have a flax and reflax, and 
thersforsb moro property shoald be called Anna of the 
Sea.'* Bort*8 Letters, II. 206, 207. 

** Kingibargh conducted us in his boat aoroea one of 
the bdb^ aa they call them, or arma of the eea, which 
flow in npon all the coaato of Sky." Boswell'a Jonm. , 
p. 244w 

Gael lBel» Ir. hmgk, C. R tta^il, a lako. ho€k in 
GaaL alao aignifles an arm of the sea. Lat. faeiM^ ia 
radically the same. This term seems to hare been 
equally well known to the Goths. Hence A.-S. ìmK^ 
and IsL Umq^ Sa.-Q. log, a bke. A.-S. Wk, also de- 
aotsa a firth, an arm of the aea ; firatnm, aeetoarium. 
Lye. The Northern languages, indeed, eeem to rotain 
the root, Su.-0. io^, IsL /cum, which have the general 
aenee of moisture^ water. V. Lag, Que. 

LOOHAN.s. A small lake, OalL 

Tlie ramcur spreading round the hnkoM^ 
Tbe oauM ooold not be told for laoghin. 
How britheis pinned at their broehan. 
And mads a din. 

DOsMÌmii'a awnowr, pi 81 

'*In the depth of the valley, then ia a lodwm (the 
diminative of lock), of superlative beanty.** Mn. 
Grant'a Superstitions, i. 26fi. 

Com. laqites a lake ; Ir. feeAoa, a pooL 

LooH-BEED. Common Reed-grass» S. 

"Arundophragmitea. The £oe4- J?eecf. Sookanst** 
ligjhtfoot, p. 1131. 

LOCHABEB AXE, s . A sort of halbert of 
a large size, having a strong hook behind 
for laying hold of the object assaulted, S. 

••That they be fnrniacbed with halbert^ Loehisaber 
aaem, or Jedburgh staffes and swocdis." Acta Cha. L, 
164S; Ed. 1814^ YL ia 

••Our hero eet forth, — accompanied by hia new 
friend Evan Dhu, and followed by the gamekeeper 
aforossid, and bj two wild Highlanders, the attendanta 
of Angus, one of whom had upon his shoulder a hatchet 
at the end of a pole, called a XrocAoòer oaee." Waver- 
ky, L238. 

•• I have had ffnoX loss on the death of my worthv 
anld friend, Seijeant M'Fadigen, of the town-guard, 
which ia all destroyed, with ita fine Loekaher-ajDet, 
which, euro enough, waa a great ornament to the city." 
Saxon and Gael, i. 89. 

It ia erident that in Moray thia ia riewed aa a Da- 
nish instrument For Mr. Douglas, town-clerk of 
Elgyn, in 1643, asserto that—there were only aucht 
score— able bodied men— in the town ; — and of these 
only fourscore could be furnished with muscattia 
[mnsketo], pickes, gnnnis, halberde, DenmLou or 
Uehaber oLoeo." V. Statist. Ace. V., p. IS, N. 

The opinion of the inhabitanta of this province is of 
eonsiden^le weight ; as it mav be suppMcd that tho 
last had been handed down, from the time that tho 




btd A tioipoiirjr MttleoMat in thtir ooantiy. 
thai tbiir isTadtn mm wMpoM of this dateription. 
Tbm nuim of thli iiwtniiiient ham boon Taned in 
diflwHit oovBlrioo and igM, oooordJing to the fanoy of 

ìjptùjfUf or thflir ideoo m to thooe who fint ntod it. 
Ib lealMid it had boaii Tiowod at of Boman origin. For 
G«dab Andr. osplaina aMr,.Moaria Bomana, addina 
in 8ir. dfi heOebcrd, a halbort. This name it formea 
liPOM 0ifir, a aort of hookid awocd, a acimitar, also a spear, 
Mid of-Oi tingo^ oolocea indnoo^ properly cmaUo ; aa 
daaoCing tiio esoevtiOB done bj this weapon, q. a wea- 
pon djM with gore. A.«S. oikffar is nndovbtedly the 
■ams wwd ;. ddned 1^ Lye, genos teli, also framea. 
Somaer oaUa it a Javeltn or short kind of spear. 

H noil oertainly be Tiewed as properly * Qoth. 
weapon. It miriit receive its mlgar name, as having 
besa boROwed, Inr the inhabitants of Loehahert from 
the Norwegians wno settled on the north-west coast, 
or from the Scandinavians while they poessssed the 
Hebndae. Bat the weapon itself does not seem to have 
' MttCbltio. 

"Qildaamentfcms that the Piets had a kind of hooked 
with which they drew the Britonp down from 
batflements of the wall of Gallic. Such spears 
nsed aiBong the Scandinavians ; and BartAolin 
fNea «a a print of one foond in Iceland. Sidonios 
Apollinaris, describing the Qothto princes, says, JTimie- 
h w Umt kmitti wteaiis*'* Pinkerton's EnQainr. i. 874i 

The drawing rrfe wed to asjnven br Bartholin, &oee 
fk S54 of hie Aatiq. Danic. Ae hooK strongly resem- 
bsa that of the Loekaòer axe^ bat the side, correspond- 
ing to the hatoheti dose not project aofficiently. V. 

LOCEQ>EN» #• The name given to Lothian. 
The Tolgar name is Louden^ 

**Watk to the mershee Pichtland bordersth, now 
tsrmed Xoeft<lai.-^The same river devydeth againe, 
fÌRMa XocMw, a eoantrie qnhair ar many tonnes, as 
Domisnnling, Goapar. " kc Pitsoottie's Cron. , Introd. 
zvi. Tbm word may have been written Loihden. 

LOOH LEABOCE, tf. A small ffrey water- 
bird, leen on Lochleven; calTed also a 

TUi ■eesss oqaivalent to the iavrock or lark of the 

[LOCH-UVER, «. A jelly-Esh, Banffs.] 
[LOCH-LUBBEBTIE. Y.Fallen Stabs.] 
LCklHMAW, t. A species of Mew. 

**I«ma» a toek-maw," Wedderbam*s Vocab., p. 16. 

[LOCH-REED, «. Y. under Loch.] 

LOCHTERyg. A layer. Y. Lachteb. 

LOGHTERy «. The eggs laid in one season. 

LOCK, LoAKE, «. A small quantity, a hand- 
ful ; as a loci of mealf a lock of hay^ or 
a loci mealf Ac, S. 

**Lodt, a smaQ parcel of any thing. North.** OL 
Ovoaa» Xoeè, R. sometimee signifies a toft. 

Te may as wesl gug tone as syne 
Ts sss fc s yoor mial srasag sudc folk ; 
la ilka hooM yne get a Iwumj 
When ys come whar yer go«ips dwslL 


llaybìdskeepaibeè Aoy;** Bamss/a 8. Prov., 
p. 02. 

'*The expreesion loeè for a small qnantityof any 
readily dÌTÌsible dry sabstanoe, aa com, meal, flax, or 
the like^ is still prssenred, not only popolarly, bat in a 
legal deeeription, as, 'the ioek anid powpai,' or amaU 
quantity and handful, payable in thirlage cases, aa in 
town mnltars.*' Heart M. Loth., u. 23, N. 

The original application seems to haTC been to hair, 
aa the phnse is stiU osed ; from IsL toclhr, Sa.-0. ioek, 
"las contortns ; in the same manner aa taii, q. v. 

[To LOCK, o. a. To seize hold of, to grapple 
with, to clntch, ShetL; IsL luka^ Su.H}. 
luka, Dan. /uibltf. id.] 

[LoGUT, parL pa. Seized hold of, ibid.] 

LOGEANTIES, Loghintèe, intery. Ex- 
pressive of surprise, equivalent to ** O I 
strange I** Ayrs.; perhaps q. lact^rday* 

**Loekamiimf that sic ^d auld stoops o* oar kin- 
tra langaage soald be banet." Bdin. Mag., Apr. 1821» 
p. 3S2. 

•'.LedfcMes/O stranger* GL Pioken. 

LOOKER, g. A Banunculusy Tweedd., Sel- 


The name of the Rannncalas Nemoroeas in Scania^ 
a nroTince of Sweden, ie Luck, In West-QothL it in 
csiled ffwkioebor; perha^ from loek, ▼. Sa.-0. fydt-a^ 
am " the flower, danng nun, is carsfoUy ^at ;** JLinn. 

LOGEERBY. A Lockerby lick, a severe 
stroke or wound on the face. 

''A grsat nnmber were hart in the face, which waa 
called a Locherhff Ikk, especially the laird of Newark : 

Maxwell was all mangled in the face, and left for dead." 
Tovsie's Mem., p. 2sl. 
If the phraee was not formerly in nee, it most have 

had its nee from the circnmstance of the action refemd 
to taking place in the ▼idnity of Loekarbg, 

LOCKERIE, adj. Rippling; applied to a 
stream, Roxb. 

I know not if it be allied to IsL hUek-r, corvamen, q. 
forming carrea ; or to Bui. ìok^ a carled lock. 

LOCKET, $. The e£Fect of belching, what 
is eructed* 

Bsn ownr the bar he gsfe a brocht, 
And laid about them tic a locket; 
With emetaimi eor wteum. 
He hosted thair a hade foU fra Um. 
Zm^. Bj^ SL AndroÌM^ Poem SixieeiUh CetU., pi 8ISL 

A.-S. lQCMf-«M, eractare ; Lye. 

LOCKFAST, LoKFAST, adj. Properly se- 
cured by bars and locks. 

"In rs^Mct the said sadia waa in a loe^fiui hoaae, 
so that the officaris coald not cam at them, ordanis the 
foar Baillies, ftc— if neid beis to make open doors, and 
take oat the same gadis.*' Acts Town-Conne. Edin.. 

Lockfaei Iwmes, instramenta of whatever deeeription 
that are nnder lock. 

'* And gif neid beia, to make oppin darns and Tther 
ìoìtfiui Iwmee, and to tbc his Muestiee keyie to that 
effect." Acta Ja. VI., 1092; Ed. 1814, p. 661. 

LOCK-HOLE, «. The key-hole, S; B. 





Hm ImMk* *w CTM k« did fling, 

A A mà§r §ou * $ P ot m»^ p^ Til 
Qi. if Ika niHi^^ Mft kr te Um door T 

LOCEBCAN, LomAH, «. The public eze- 
entumtr* It oeeon in this flense, in the 
Bools of Ad joorml. Court of Justiciaiy, so 
kle M the year 1768 ; and is still used, 

Bii ln€kt tik. tad to W«t XouctTT nid. 
Tkt MiiMi thM tfad IMF Wallaot but bftid 
Oaifll a piMt U» Mrtgndom to tak, 
Iv tin Uidid ht ViiU M forth vr nude. 

WdHim, iL 1812, Ma 

Av iNnfuid. Mi n Im*«mm on a laddar : 
t^ndrid tkdf tkni's ^gowran< rto a Udde r. 

la telh PMi^i% tkb Is tho aiott nntand Mnae. 
nnè lÌRMn^al&oi^ ia odil 1048» in nooMiincnlly 
friatod rfinsdniw / nn odii. 1873» dmgmem, 
''Tte Pkvfwl nad BiiDiin of Sdinbnnh, no Sherifh 

Jodgo Alnznnaer Cockbum 

nMm within threa tons, — for 

la Ut ova hamm ono of tho lioonned Blao- 

Ao. flonntninh., L 109. 

haM■nni^ 00 onllod f rom tho omnn qonn* 

Ito of BMol (SooSoèTM) which ho wao ontitlod to 

ton oat of othj boU oipoood to market in tho cttv. 

Ia Mtohnffnfc lao daW hna boon vonr long oommntod ; 

bal ia Dufiiib tbo &iikar of tho law otiU ozenaaoi, 

or did litoly oioraM^ hisjMÌTÌlogo, tho quantity taken 

Mag ngnlntod by a anlt iron ladlo, which he naei as 

Ibo ■MiMi of hk pMqaiiita.» Heart M. Loth., it 

Xodhnaa sooim ori|pnallj to bavo denoted a jail- 
m\ Gona. ImI» a pnion, a dnngoon; einai tn lock 
Jtodkn, todap vp oaoin priaon ; Ant. htek-tn, /odb-cn, 
tolook ; A.-8. ioc^ ofanwtnnn, a " abutting in," Somner. 
PInoii of ooadMBent in Benfrowat and other porta of 
tbo oooBtrj are atill oaUed Loei-np§, 

ykunatao aa p ai o at oiigin of tho tonn, it wonld ap- 

Mi^ thal^ ia i ofo r tiaieo^ tho jailer, or perhapa the 

ina-koj, who bad tbo cbaige of a oonaomned criminal, 

alao bomd to act aa axoentioBer. 

labigona to tti% A.-8. èyrfel, oq;aitnIarina, ez- 

r« **tbo koapor of a priaon or bonae of correction,'* 

., IB mod. langni^ ainiifiea a door-keeper, £. 

t. Oona. Mtei ia ladieally tbo aamo word, lictor ; 

ia XbalL aoftaaiod iato btmi, aa ozocntioner ; camifez, 

ftaitor, lielori Kifiaa. Honoo heuiye, beuMie, a 

ariaoBi oaioar ; Gona. Mfefci Wachtor derÌTea hitui 

tnm Ml en, oaparo^ bocaoao bia office ia to aeize and 

IM tito gnilty. 8w. èecdML horn tbo aamo aouroo, ia 

the oa iai o a daaignatimi for aa ozocntioner. V. 

LOCUMTENENT, «. Lieutenant. 

— ««00 faaiaainff of tM fjrf^ men that anid paa to 
tbo ÌMmmÌtntmt to Hgaaa for reaiating of tho Ilia men." 
Abord. Baa., A. ìÌHy. 1& 

— — That paaaia to 
* *Ihid. 

to tbo loeuwUenaU for 

liOCUS, t. Ashes so light as to be easily 
blown abont» Dnmf r. 

OL Bl flbael, doat orpowder, firoai ffw, that which baa 
sptilado of motioa} Owoab 

PLODBBBBiSy 8« A kind of enclosed wharf 
fommon in Lerwick, ShetL] 

LODDAN»«. A small pool, OalL 

noola of atonding water.'* OalL 

This ia ovideaUy GaoL Man, ''a li^t nnddlo^** 
Shaw ; a dimin. fraoi M, a puddle^ whence loaaigkamt 
to atognato. laL km^ ai^pifloa ataniam, lacunar, and 
M-or, atagnat, toI ata^ aoatot, O. Andr. ; but I do 
not anppoao that tbora la any "" *' 

[LODE-STEBNE, s. The pole-star or 
north star. Lyudsaj, Test, and CompL 
Rtpyngu, L 472.] 

[LODIANE, LoTHTAinB, Lowdiane, «. 
Lothian, Aocts. L. H. Treasurer, i., 01. 
Ed. Dickson.] 

LODISMAN, t. A pilot V. Ledismax. 

LODNTT, Ladnit, preL Laded, put on 


"That thair bo takin be tho onatomor of tho porto 
wheir tho goodia^ Ac, ar embarkit, ano bond or obliga- 
tionn — by the maiater of tho achip and the factour or 
pairtie that MaiC tho ftoodia.— We the foiraaidi»*-hea 

achippit and locfna^ at tho porto of Leith," Ac Acta 
Ja. VX, 1807, Ed. 1814, p. 370. 

LOFP, t. Praise. V. Loir. 

To LOFT, V. a. To lift the feet high in 
walking, Ettr. For. 

Dan. l9^-€r, to booTO or lift np. 

LOFTED HOUSE, a house of more stories 
than one, S. 

*' The chief and bia gneat bad by tbia time reached 
the honae of Glennaqooich, which oonsiatod of Ian nan 
Chaiatel'a manaion, a hi|^ rudo-looking fquare tower, 
with tho addition of a lo/Ud hotue, that ia, a building 
of two atoriea, conatmcted by Feigua'a grandfather, 
when he returned from that memorable ezpedition, 
well remembered by tho weatom ahirea, under tho 
name of the Hi^land Hoet." Waverleir, i. 298. 

Thia aeema to bavo been anciently aenominatod a 
t€^h<m»M, aa in Aberd. Roff., A. 1638, V. 18. 

Loft Aovae, Aberd., atiU denotea tbo upper part of 
anv building need aa a warehouao; or the whole 
building, the Iqft of which ia thua impropriated. 

LOO, 8. The substance which bees gather 
for making their works, S. B. 

Perhapa radically the aamo with A.-S. loge, Sn.-0. 
tag, humour. Xoff, Ibra obaenrea, ia one of the moat 
ancient Goth, woida, aa ^pean from the great YarieW 
of fonna whiob it aaanmea m different languagea. Isl. 
lavg-r, oerioMpr, tba Juioo of borriea s Belg. loog, lye 

LOGAN, f. 1. A handful of money, or any 
thing else, thrown among a mob or parcel 
of boys, so as to produce a scramble, Aberd. 

2. The act of throwing in this manner, ibid. 

Id. hgtm aigniliea abalienatio» from logo, alienare, 
to giTo away, to part with. 

Bat perbajM wo ahonld rather trace it to GaoL lo^ 
flon, tho hollow of tho hand, or lamkaaoM ilavagan] 
hMMJUtifc groping ; C.B. Uaw, fawv, tbo band, whence 
M-<, to naadkb and gan^ capacity, gan-u, to contain. 





To Logan, «. a. To throw any thing among 
a nomber of penona, for a scramble; to 
throw ap any thin^ which is kept as pro- 
perty by him who catches it, ibicu 

LOaE|«. A lodge, a booth; a tent, a house, 

▲ mfflliM thariij hi BMld ; 

Awteiir, ziz. 668, liaL 

Oùk, htg^kf^ % plaoe ; wlMnoe, aooording to Cal- 
kadcr. Ul. toMML Dmi. tùge, howerer, deaotet » 
lod«b a alitd. a hut ; Sil-O. laage, lociu recabfttumw, 
U/faoirtl'^Maiim, Senn. A.-S. loy-Jain to lodgt. 


1. BesidencOy the town residence of a hurd 

or a lord, S. 
S. Lodging place of encampment, Barbour, 

vL S82.] 
LOOO, adj. Lukewarm, OalL 

«*£o0DiNil0*.liUMW»ni water. " GaU. Encyel. 

flA^TfaMc mamhm a oaUUim. a kefetk. But it 
•MaTko tera^a oofr. of tha Ecrt lyllabto of tha E. 
WQid. y.Liw. 

LOOOABS, LoGOURU, #. /><. Leungs, 
gaiters;' stocking witiiout feet, tied up 
with garters, a^ hai^^ down over the 
andes, Dumfr. V. Loags. 

•«!««, for ^ alBa of quhyto to bo hgowrUìK^ tho 
km&tliatnnabia'lagwaaiayio.pnoaof thoeUiaiiij 
■^m^omij 7^ (A.D. \4&), Aooto. L. H. 
TkwMuar, L 140, DiekaoiLl 

a & IMbrom, hoa^ ItataV^ trowten. 

To LOGGAB, V. n. To hang loosely and 
largely, Dumfr. Y. Loggabs. 

LOGKJEBnr, (»&*. Drenched with moisture, 
Dumfr. ioc*«rm (gutt.) id., Upp- Clydes. 

OriaiDallj tha Mma with X<Ms^y and Lo^v^ertt. Id. 
tewMrrmnBaa, hatha. With tha ancient Gotha 
flatozday waa denominated Lamgmrdag, becauae they 
wwa aoowtomad to hatha on thia day. 

LOOIE, EiLLOGiE, #. A vacuity before the 
fire-place in a kiln, for keeping the person 
diy who feeds the fire, or supplies fuel, and 
for drawing air. Both terms are used, S. 

And ihe bat any laqoiaitioB, 

OuaedowntotheAiZfiPM ^^^ ^ ,. 

I hafo oomotiiiiea beea inolinad to dedaoe this from 
8a.-0. logo, UL log, flame. But perfaape it is from 
Balfl, log, a hole ; or merely tha eame with the pre- 
ir^^ word, as denoting a tidge for him who feeds the 

Thia is merely Sioamb. loy, fto. , «, 

It haa tha same sense in Shetl. eignifymg uunr. We 

may add to tha etymon, IsL (at, Isssitado; HaUorson. 

[LOGOUBIS, f . pi. V.LoGGARS.] 
LOOS, «. pL Stockings without feet. V. 


LOICHEN, (gutt.), t. A quantity of any 
• soft substance, as of pottage, flummery, ftc., 

GaaL MkM, a UttU pool, or bka I teaghan^^wf; 

Uog, a msiah; and lo^oa, flummenr ; may aU have 
had a ooaunoo origin, as denoting what IS m a atoto of 

To LOIF, LoDTB, LoiUB, Love, Luff, 
Loui, 9. a. To praise. 

Now ml their neae, of thir we jis thrleb 
Be chosea now sne biahope for to be ; 
Bot tbat yoar mioht sod mi^ertU wil mak 
Qiihatever be be, to |0(/Si or Jit to tsk ; 
Tbir Maoops eomi In et the north wiodow ; 
And not in St the due nor yit st the yet : 

Bnmii/FM9. S. P. £> p. 1«> 17. 
Tha meaning ssems to be^ '*to merit praise or dis- 
praise:'' the term being need rather in a passive ssDsa, 
mm laMssM^ 8.» iastsd of, Co 6e Umned. 
- 1^ self to b<^. knsk now MorBeAiUy 

Now Gkid be <PMi bss aie giaos tiU TS Mot 

Aid., wOb 1& 
Tbsi pryiyt him Ml gretamly, 

Leavtè to la/is gretomly ; 

Ibrooch lean* ifiBi men rychtwidi^ . --. ifflL 

1%^ loyal^ is greatly to be prsised. „ ^. ^ • 

•«Loiae thow tha Lord O my saola, and aU that is 
within me Iomm his haly name, /ojae thowthe Lord mv 
saale. and forget nocht his benefitis." Abp.Hamiltoans 
Cateehisme, 155% FoL 90, e. Thisisfor oowcficintha 

anuB%oid appears in most ol the Goth, directs ; 
IsL 8tt.-G. &i/W^ A.A U/'ian, Alem. foò^ Germ. 
lo6-€», Belg. loob-en, id., A..8. IsL Belg. «fl/, Germ, too, 
praise. uL ioJUg, UndaUa^ io/ord, oommendation. 

Ihra informs ns that some derive IqfuHt^ to praise, 
from Iqfwe, li^ the ptOm of the hand, 8. Wft ; j^^^aose 
the dapping of the tevee is a sign of praise, as 2 Kinn 
jd. IMi nnderwi in the IsL yeruon, Th^ idovfwhi 
Iq/WiR saaMw; They eUpped their hands, llenoo 
hvaUapp, i^laose. 

LoiF, LOFF, 8. Praise. 

h&SHUfif, sad Uwti lyis beUnd, 
And sold kyndnee is Quyt foryett 

AHUMr^yne PMsw, p. 184, it L 

La., honest oommendation, void of ilsttery. 
Their to/sad thair lordachip of 10 lang date. 
That bene oot armour of ela. 
Their into herald I held. „ * r 4l ita 

ifealate, IL 9, Lq/k, MS. 

LOIS, «. Praise. 

The aige that aehranks for na aebsme, the acbent 

miabt hym sdiead. 
That man loffiaUaliib, than toifvponeeid. 7, 

8a giete danseie of battel it waa he 
PtOQokit aa. and moait to the mellè, 
Fbr yoongdaaire of hye ranowne perfay, 

Xa«f is the word need by ICaffei. V. 1^». 

LOISSrr, pret. 

Their lofly Unoes thai MatU, and lichtit on the 

^^'^''^ OteMM ami ML, UL S. 




Bil I wmint 

taMaoMMdMi Boqaafoctd 
ika, &«« I0M. hw ^atig — d. 


••Loond.** PSnk. Bat it k imtlMr, lo< bittkt. or 
itttio y t d I A.-8. Immhs p«dMra,.or Im-jois p«mb 
' iBttlMn. Tbk is oooinoM from anollMr paiMga. 
Iktir hMto wv MM^ Md toft on tiM iMuL 

LOII. t. A turd, S. IftL fyie^ àdomitj; 
or S1U-O. bH; dung, filtli. 

UOTTf «» 1. A tpirt of boiling water, ejected 
fran a pot by the force of Uie heati UalL 

^Mf^ thooo dfopo whieh imp out of poto when 
ttoy ■!• ftoflfag, — d tetmd Hkorn dmoom a aa t od round 
tbo AMb.'^OS. MaayoL 

CLBb loAf^ opifftiQg or oqwrting^ Hocfisy, n opirtk a 

i. Aaj liquid aaddenly thrown out hj the 
stooiachy and falling on thej^nnd, Dnjnfr. 

[LOK, ^LOAXE, 9. A quantity, generally a 
nail qnant^. Y. Iaxtk.] 

LOKADAISY, wim. Used as expressive 
of raxprise^ Loih^ jBerwicks. 

ItkoMnfyaoocr. olB.a2aei-a-4lay. Jolino.TÌews 
mhek m a ooir. of oIm. I cob offnr nothing more 

lag, iilMSt€f 

, inierf. Used both as expressive of 
soipnse and of gleesomenessy Lotn., Clydes., 

Hui mdf^ ho viewed as dumged from E. aiadt, 
wwo it not freqaentlj need in the fonn of en irre- 
went pmjWt •^ofa hetp me. Sec, which plainly shewa 
UmI it »a oorr. of the divine neme Lord, It ie en- 
- fioQi^ that thoee who hnTO tntrodooed thie mode of 
■■fffeaiiim, ehonld have aoddentelly hit on the neme 
d one fli the letoe deitiee of onr Gothic anceeton. 
TUs ia Lets, wboae attrihntea needy reeemhle thoee 
• of Ifaa oril principle of the oriental nationi. He pro- 
daoea ttM grmt aeipent which endrolee the world, 
viewed by eone aa an emblem of ain. He ia alao the 
paraat J Bda or Death, and of the wolf Ftniii^ that 
ii to attadc the goda* and deatroy the world. V. 
Mallei^ North. Antiq. 

LOKFASTy adj. Secured by a lock. Y. 


To LOEEXRy V. fi. To cnri, S. part. pr. 
IpyUsTHBad; part pa. lokkeriL 

The hnd vheOdit of the giene hdlyne 

Wnh UUmU fnoM ikyn ooenprad was tyne. 

**Whea yonr hair^a white, yon woold have it 
Mkriay^'' & Frov. } apohea of one who ie immoderate 
ia hie deaiiee I Rodd. 

Id. Mb-r, capiUna contortoa; toeta-madr, a man 
who haa kÌBg and onricd hair; Franc. /oeAe, cnrled 
haii: alao to coil, OL Pea. According to Somner, 
A.-8. laceoi aometimee beara thia aenae. Gr. rXocot 
oiff«% haa been fancifnlly riewed aa the origin by 
HatTÌglma, BoddL, and othera. 

IjOKKXB, Lokar, adj. Cnrled. 

Hii hald was oohyt. his een wai grene and gray, 
With later hair, quhiik owr» his shalder 1st. 

Ji<iif|fSDiM^ MwrgntH^ L ISo, st. & 

LOELATE, adj. 

Wkht msn aasaysde with an thab bssy ev, 

▲ iatlatè bar was drawjn oaxthonrth the dor ; 

WmtUm, Ir. 04» 1C& 

Edit. 1648, tsdM. The tenn aeemo to aignihr a bar 
that gnaided or covered the lock, eo aa to feC or hmder 
it from being opened by a k^ or forced open. 


[•To LOLL, V. n. 1. To be idle ; to stand, 
sit| loiter about, or work, idly, S. 

8. To sisLj at borne in idleness, to bang about 
or sit (U>zing by the fire ; in this sense it is 
applied to animals also, esnecially to dogs, 
Glydes., Perths., AbercL, Banffs. 

3. To recline on each other ; sycken of two 
persons, often of lovers, and m disapproba- 
tion, OL BanfFs. 

4. To evacnate, to excrete^ West of S.] 

Loll, #. 1. An idle, or lazy, inactive, person, 
a sluggard, S. 

Ere be eonld change th' oncaany hdr. 

And aae help to begt'ea him. 
Then tombted a miacSeTloaa pair 

0^ mawten'd Mb abocn him. 

arMMf Se'Mf , aiN'fiiMr'a Mm. PùtL, p. 180. 
Thia nndonbtedly allied to the B. t. fo foO, to lean 
idly, which Johna. oddly tndinea to trace to the re- 
pmehfol term LoUard. Serenina rafera to 9w. IvU-a 
aa aynon. with the E. v., lendering it by Let. inniti, 
Sa.-0./òaingnifieafcemin»fatne; Fenn.loifi.impoUta8, 
6r. Barb. Xi#X-ot, atolidna. lal. Ml-a, aegniter agere ; 
and totlari, ignnToa, mentioning E. Lollard aa a cog- 
nate term. 

2. Ia the West of S. the term loll is applied 
to human excrement. A great loU^ magna 

[LOLLIN, LOLLAN, pari. pr. 1 . Used also as 
a «. implying the act expressed in each of 
the senses of the v. above. 

2. As an adj.^ implying lazy, idle, indolent. 

The 9, ham eenee 8; and the adj. loUm have often 
the pni. abooi added, — ^for emphaaia rather than ex- 

0. Dn. (0001, to ait over the fixe.] 

To LOLL, V. n. To emit a wild sort of cry, 

as a strange cat does, Soxb., Berwicks. 

*' To LoB, to howl in the manner of a cat.** QLSibb. 
V. LoALUsro. 

LOLLERDS Y, s. Tlie name given, for some 
ages before the Reformation, to what was 
deemed heresy. 

The Mhip of fkith, tempeitiioas wind and nbie, 
Dryna in the see of ZoUfftf ry that bUwii. 

Bamnaigm Poetn§, p. 190, at 4 

Tram LoOard, a name reproachfully given, in Bng- 
land, to any one who edhered to the doctrmee of 
WicliL Some think that it wee derived from Let. (b/* 
hnm, cockle. To thia origin, aa Tynrhitt haa obaenred, 
ChMcer eeema to allode. 




He wwd dt aowtt mm dUHealtM, 

OtiMn tnes It to Teal. hUaerd^ aumitetor, ft 
lUw of pnj«n» toW aWi muHÌtM^ to unsL to himit 

to miunU* mrnfuu, V. Kilkn, va LottaerJu 

MMh bilora Wrolif • tiine : it wm an O. Do. tenn, 
XitttÌBÌMd M Joflonrfifi. Da GJuiga qootfls JoIuuiiim 

■BBO apidiyn bjpoeritiM gyroragi, qui LoUanU 
Otom iMiduitM fooolMiitar, per Hannoniam et 

iMwtiain qoaadam aralieret nobilai deoeperont ;" Le.» 
^LithttyiaroartainTafi»boiid*'-~*— ^*— — ii-i w^. 

kmU, or Qod mnuaen. aeoeived certain noUewomen 

Ml praiaen, deceived certain n 
m HaJnanh ana Brabuit." No doabt the term wonld 
be oaed in Bng^and in tlie aame way. V. Skeat'a 

LOME, Loon, proo* lumef «• 1« An utensil 
or infltmment of any kind, or for whatoTer 
me^ 8. Loam^ ChesL id. 

SMMUmatlf alio vtth Ital god wfllif 

lor to be beijr gan liii teia pray : 

mib tena in bead felt wlriuad Uke the lalt 

. J>mi$. VwgU, 1». SSL 

- WtrUmm ia often applied to iaatnunenta aied in 

AUnrtfameatii of pleach grajthindt and iteUt, 
AM ealtarii, mUitb, and the aowmei gnto,— 
War tUdder farodi^ and IhoUi ieoipyr new, 

The loet of an lie wtrUomet wer idew : 

Tbay dvd thame foige in iwerdii of mettal brycht, 

Vcr to oetaid than centre and than licht 

Thno it ia oaed to denoto a head-pieoe. 

** *Ajf ay/ anawered Lord Crawford ; * I can read 
your handwriting in that cleft morion—Some one take 
It Ikom the lad, uA give him a bonnet^ which, with ita 
dad linings will keep hia head better than that broken 
JeeM.'" Q^ Daiwai^ ii 107. 

2. A tab, or TMael of any kind, S. ; as brew- 

huut^ the vessels nsed in brewing; mtfib- 

Aiiitot, those employed in the daiiy ; often, 

in this sense, simpfjr called lumu. 

The totrriag chain on Ither dink,— 
The iDCBuTSiey rattled i' the biak. 

A.-8L fo w s , flf4oina, ntenaiUa. Henoe, aa Ljre ob- 
% the wora kdtUom ia oaed by E. Uwyera, in the 
ol hereditari anpellex, i.e.p 8. the 9pkekrk which 
eojoya by hwUo§€% 

LOMON, •• A leg^ Aberd.; jpron* with a 
liqnid sonndy q. lyomon. V. Lkombk. 

id. ibmwa, maona et adonca manna. 

It ia oingolai: tnat the OaeL letaina the tame word 
with that in UL, only with a alight change of the 
irowel: Xoan, timbera laid onder ooato in order to 
laoaeh them the more eaaily, Shaw. 

LOMPNTT, vari. pa. [Errat. for Laumyt, 
sheltered. V. Loun.] 

_ the condnct of Broce^ in 
. acroiathenairowneckof luidadled 
the xarfietk MO^a— 

Bot thaim worthrt draw thair ichippli thar ; 
▲ad a myle wai oeiwiz the leyi ; 
Bot that WM kmanyi all with trayi. 
The King hia iduppii thar nrt draw. 

Tk$ Bmee^ xf. S76, M& 

XoMd; Ed. 1020^ p. 2M. £oK|myl, Ed. 1798. 

Sibb. mdera ••iammUi, kmii, hedge-rowed." 
[JaaiieeQo anogeeted «' laid,*' and ia hia noto tried to 
make it good ; Cat he erklently doabtod both the word 
and hia meaningof it. TheCambridge MS. haa lownyC, 
and Herd'a Ed. hmed, which ao far agree and make the 
peaiage dear. V. Note^ Skeaf a Ed. 
laL l(^^ Sw. Iiyn, cahn. V. onder Louic] 

LONACHIES, LOKXACH& $. pL 1. Conch- 
grass, Triticum repens, Linn^ S. B. 

"Coach-gram, (here called Lamaddm'U in oereral 
varietiei, ia rery apt to iatrodaee iteelf into the genera 
ally free and grareliy aoil of thia ooanty." Agr. Sarv. 
Kincard., 976. 

2. Used also to denote Conch-mss, as 

fathered into a heap on the fields, for being 
nmt ; synon. with Wraek^ Meams. 

Aathia iaabo ceQed Dog'e^grMi, allied peihape to 
Gael, /aoa, a dog^ a grey-honnd. We mi^t conjec- 
tore that the latter uirt of the word had been formed 
fkom oeoli, poiion, beoaoae eatiog of thia plant makee 

LONE, #• An avenue, an entry to a place 
or village, S. 

In thia oenae it nearly oorrenonda with E. lone^ "a 
narrow way between hedgee." In 8.« however, the 
kme ia often broad. V. hSàM, 

LONE, #. 

He hulde that bdye m hiQg by the Uwe lUeii 
Under a toM they Udit hM« ^ a feUfli 

Ar OaaHm omI <aw- 0WL, L a 

Ferfaapa a plaoe of ihelter; laL logmt Sa.-0. Im^ii, 
tranqoilutaa aeria. Or it may aignify a aeeret place ; 
laL M«% ooealtatio^ lom^ fun oocoltae latobrae. 

LONE,#. Provision for an army. Y.Loan. 

* To LONG, V. n. This v. occurs in a sense 

in which I have not observed it in E. ; to 
become weary. 

"Galat. 6. < ?h M>. 0. verL he aoeaka thia matter 
more planely. Let to not wearie in ooing good, and he 
addea to the promiee, we ahall reape tM fmte of our 
good deeda in oar own tyme^ if we Umg not^ but go 
forward ay to the end." Bollock on 1 Ihea., fi. 297. 

I hate not met with thia nee of the a. except in Dan. 
taeng^r; "to be weaiy, to be tired ;" WoUL 

* LONG, adv. An elliptical form of ex* 

fression occnrs in Scottish writing, which 
have not observed in E« This is long to^ 
evidently for, ^long to the time** referred to. 

'* All titia tellee to in that great day what glorie and 
honoar the fatithfall miniatore of Chnat ahalT haoe^ for 
they ahall ihine aa atame t byde a little while^ it ii 
not Umg <o.** Bollock on 1 Thee., p. M. 

To LONOE, V. n. To tell a fair tale, to 
make a flattering speech, Ayrs. 

C. & Uum-iaw, to fabricate. 

LONGEIT, pret. 

One aliaae come ftcme beyond the li 
^^oflfftf with me lappoln that I be pear. 

If thia be the readings it aignifiee tarried, aojoamed ; 
A.-& ÌMtQ^ian, taedere, or rather leng^km, prolongare. 
Bat it may be nad inmoeU, lodged % ¥r. 1^, O. Fr. 
huge^ banaqae do planches Boqaefort. 





LONOm^f. The Oiiillemot, Shed. 

*H3olbstai1MI%fIin.8yil.) L<mgk,homtjtww 
ol FoBlODpidAi^ (Na*. Hiflt, F. IL p. 81) OniUraiot, 
IMIik traillMM^ flta If tn ** SomoiMloiM't 



'• €C IIm Norw. naait. In Norw. it 
ZooL, p. 410. 

LONOUEVILLE, t. A species of pear, S. 

Ths Xwwuwfffg ii inty gMMnlly ^md ov«r the 
m Dsn of BritMB, wlMf« aged 

traM of it enst 
ÌBtlMM&iboulioodofMidMitiiioiaMMtori^^ Keiil*a 

OU&id writw It Xon^mO. 

ca tbt oviiios : bat no pair holda 
wrilsmitthaftlbttra torad, aava Bad paai% Aehaoa, 

LomgmtL" 8ooSi Ckid'nar, p. 88. 

LONKOB»«. •^Allele built throng dykes, 
to allow sheep to pass^^ GhdL EncycL 

MoBl pn^baMf bom O, B. ttmUc, alao ffmig, tha 
asDat JUaML noaa tto aama origiii, sigiiifiaa» *'opaD- 
&eapaMfaV-0««. ^^ 

[]U)NNAC^«. LA long piece of anything, 
as of ifaieaa, twine^ Ac ; also a long story, 
aithar oral or written, Quiffs. 

S. An ngty oor ragged piece of dress, ibid.] 

[To LoNiTAOi^ V. tu 1. With the preps, af^ 
di ooi, to nnro^ to pay ont, as thread, 
twine^ lope^ Ac; also^ to unfold, to ntter, 

• as a stoiy, news^ Ac, ibid. 

S. With preps, oboai^ on, o^ to talk mnch, to 
repeat from memoiy, to argne^ Ac, ibidl] 

[LOHVAOHAir, LONNAOHIN, porL pr. Used 

also as a i. in each of tbis senses of the v., 


Ito ksA iMf vai, 8^ Btb «ttli lyidiV and love 


IX)NYNG, «• 1. A narrow inclosed way, S. 


atthayaarllia. ^ 

** Thai— of teth tba oiarehia and maria batwiz tha 
mid lamia sabataMK in manar aa folowia, that ia to 
aay, A faiyy Ijand throw tha nmr hat?nx twa aid 
■lani dykaa i bagrnnand at tha merfcata gata lyand to 
Abariana^ and axtndand to tha hieht of &a hifl at tha 
aanlft and €l tha dar [t daar] dyka." CkrtnL Abaid. 
llsefHlaB'alhnaci^p.8. v. Loav. 

1. The nrÌTÌlem of having a common through 
which cattra pass to or return from the 
places qI pastiure, S. 

-•*Aka to apooint aunaria and glaihia-with paa- 
ti*b fcsWb lawallt laiU* darat, Umyng, fria iacha 
^lria!"^ADli Chn. L, Ed. 1814» V. 40a 

To LOO, V. a. To lore. Y. Luf, r. 

[LOODEB-HORN, s. A Urge horn with 
which each fishing-boat is furnished, to be 
blown . occasional^ in foggy weather and 

during the darkness of night, in order to 
ascertain the relative position of all the 
boats in the same track, Shetl.; IsL bidr; 
Sn.-G. Aidsr, Imtr; Da. luuTf a trumpet, a 
hunter^s horn.] 

LOOF, «. The pafan of the hand; pi. 
loaves, y. Lura, Luif, «. 

LooF-BAKE, s. ^The centre of the palm of 
the hand f OalL EncycL 

OUTSIDB or THB LoOF; the ^back of the 
hand; i.e^ rejection and repulse;" 6L 

LooFT, LooFiB, «. 1. A stroke on the palm 
of the hand, S. V. under Lufb, Luif, s. 

2. A flat or plane stone, resembling the palm 
of the hand, Oall. 

*' Lo^ Ckiumel tiemm. Whan ooiling firat bagan. 
it waa playad by iUt atonaa^ or 2oo^ ; tbaaa ara yat 
to ba fonnd in tha old looha.'* GaUL EncycL 

'LooTOSfS.pL **Flain mittens for the hands;** 

LOOO AN, s. A rogue. Loth. ; synon. with 
Loun, q. t. 

LOOKDr-ON, part. pa. Waitinjp the exit 
of one, of whose recovery there is no hope; 
as, <« How's John, ken yet*^ <«Deed, he*s 
sae vera bad, they're just loolnn* en 'im," 
A.-S. o»-loe-kM, intoari. 

LOOKDT-TO, 9. A prospect, in renrd to 
whatsis future, Boxo.; synon. ToHook, S. 
Aa * a gude botm'-to." 

To LOOL, v.n. To singin a dull and heavy 
nuumer, Ettr. For. 

Thia ia naariy aOiad to tha E. v. to LulL V. tha 
atymon of Ia.t, v. 

LOOM, s. Mist, fog, Gklloway. 

"Thia woid [Lwmming] and Immh, a miat or fog, are 
of kindrad." GalL EncycL V. Lukmiko. R haa 
bean oonjactored, howcTar, that tha adj. may be allied 
to the K aea-phnaa, to Loom, to appear large at aea ; 
or LoomifoUt a fraah gala. 

LoOMT, adj. Misty, covered Mrith mist, Oal- 

loway. ' 
ThiSi I aoapaoti ia not a word of general oaa. 
— ^Whilea glowiing at the asue aky, 

[LOOM. A sea-fowl (Colwnbui i^pefn- 
trianalis)^ ShetL; IsL hmPf Sw. and Dan.* 

LOOM, 9. A utensil of any kind. V. Lo3f e. 

[LoOMix-BUBSTDf . Drying com in a kettle, 
OL Shetl.] 




r, a lam or lasy penon, 
NJSi Gonnties, a boy, a 

[LOON.t. A 
ClvdM.; ml 

LOOP9 #• L Tk dMHMl of an J raniung 
water, that m fcfl err, wlieii the water has 
dianfled iti cnm^ v pow Tinnarkffi 

lU«taimk«f iMiyflMÌMiftaBd jnMnl OMMifo- 

T«at. loppt OBnH% ham Im|m% oaivn% Ìbi«re ; Itop 
lier rMene^ wtmm 1m^ mm par qnam Iftbitar fta- 
■mb; Kiliaa. 

2. PL Looptf Hm wiadfaM of a river or riva- 

let, Lanarki.; wpMmLlAdki^ Crooh. 

Ift MMU to to «n4 ii QdlMmy. m tiM MM MOM 
in llm ■ngnlar. 
**Bmtmpmàtà1ÈmÌmp di a tan mncli ; Ihiawas 

[LOOPACK,a. A mdj, a dwarf, SheiL; 
laL bMif a ooBÌm|nUe person.] 

(XOOPACE^c A ipooii without a handle^ 
a spoon wm Welia handle, ìImL; Stu-O. 
lajM^ to cot ihsrt^ to kp off.] 

LOOPIE, mA Oalfy, deceitfal, S. either 
a. one who Uis a mp in his hand, when 
dealing with anadMr; or as allied to Belg. 

" WhioJhilUB kwriyifcjfy lid, Alto Fair- 
foidt hid ttrrtd ■■^toaii I Mtfift Ming sa action on 

[LOOPIE, t. AsMlllMsketmadeof straw, 
SlietL; Id. lBi|»V * basket.] 

[LOOB, MIS9* '^ SEKkmation of surprise, 
ShetL &r, (^flsB.] 

[ToLOOBy«.a. IW Ml or abate like wind, 

LOOByOcb. Sadbsr. Y.Lkves. 

[LOOSHTRl^ju Ahtav78oftblow,Banffs.] 

[To LoOBBTB^aL au To strike with a heavy 
soft bkw, ihiA] 

[LOOSHTRAH, a. A htavj beating, ibid.] 

L00SSIE,a4|L Fdl of exf oUations of the 
cuticle of the sUb; apj^ied to it when it is 

H^ Kozb^ Peebles. 

diffarantly aonnded. 

; idle, lounging person. 


covered with 



To LOOBTSB, «. a 

ibid.; part pi; 

LooeTRix, fl4|L Iiafl^idle,indorent,ibid. 

^JknA,Ìmttm^M^kÈtìimimdaemee,9mwai m an 
indobnt panon t as' * fcMfcr aMana ** to remain in a 
plaoa in idlMMia* T. a mdar LLOostni.] 

about, to dawdle, 
IcoHrinf used also 

LOOT, prtL Permitted ; 8^ from the v. to 
Lii; ''Xooi; did let ;** GLShirr. V.LuiT. 

IdKnMSfpartpa. of the same v. 

[To LOOT,v.a.and a. To bend, bow, stoop ; 
to make obeisance. V. Lout, 

[Loonr, preL Stooped, bent, saluted, made 
obeisance to. V. Lour, Lowr.] 

LOOTINO'yi^nO/ Esteemed. HfUUnae 
mtdr tooiin o\ he will not henceforth be held 
in estimation, Lanarks. V. LsT, v. n. To 
reckon, Ac. 

LOOVES, 9.pL Pafans of the hands. V. 


"Tha spirit o* moiial life— haa bean dapartdl fraa 
har earaaaa thia atriokan boor. Tha foal fiand haa 
antartd into tha amply tobamada, and ia a'an work- 
ing n* tha wicked pranka whilk we now witnaaa» aie 
aa tha apnading o' lootei^ and tha lowmg o' aan, and 
th«a mnto banedietiona whilk paaa wi* ample fowk 
for certain signa o* holineaa." Blackw. Hag., Aug. 
1820^ p. 618L 

Tlua nfacB to thastrange aapantttion which prarailt 
in aooie parte of S., althoogh it aaenraea different forma. 
For» while it ia here eoppMcd that the deTÌl may for a 
time be permitted to animato tha oorpae of one newly 
dead* othere believe that the apirit of the departed may 
ba reeaUed I7 the immoderate grief of the aurriTors. 
Thia is Tiewed, aa not only caoaing great aoflEering to 
the departed, bat aa expoaing the diaooedient moarnera 
to danger of bodily hann fnmi the pereon recalled. 

To LOPPEB, V. a. 1. To coagulate. South of 
S. y. Lappxb. 

[2. To ripple, to lap; to dash, to tip with 
foam.] lÀfpp€rand^ part* pr., dashing, 

The fwdland aeit figvre of gold deit 
WMt flowand, botlha i^ 

L0PFERI8, s. pL The broken, foamv waves, 
when the sea is agitated hj the wmd. V. 


LOPPER-GOWAN, s. The vellow Ranun- 
culus which grows by the siaes of streams, 

Whether thia name haa any relation to the plant 
being ever oaed aaa sabstitate for rennet^ I cannot lay. 

L0PPIN,L0PPBN,/>r€<.and/Mir^./Mi. Leaped, 

8am to tha eid loppin ftom the Ue toorU of ttooe. 

Dcm^ Ktrptf, 67» NL 

"'Oar longaome parliament waa haatened to an 
adjoommentT by the aodden and nnexpected invaeion 
of Kintyre^ by Coll, Mr. Oilleapie's aona. who, with 
2900 nmagatee from Ireland, are loDpen over Uiere." 
— BaUlie'a Lett, ii 48. 

i.è.. Have ilea thither, have gone haatily. 

A.-S. A/eoj^ inailiit, pret. of AIm^-on, aalira. 8v. 
hnpeil lopp^ prat lupU^ imptn. 




P^By iUiff^ An exekmation of surprise ; 
M§p t aH§m ^ fari^ ind £mA are also used. 

|XiOBDINOIS^«.piL Sin» Barbour, L 445.] 

I^BI^ jmK. ptu Solitarjr, forlorn. 

te A kM tkw lUMTisrw by « fUU 

^Hr Anhm Mil iSKr OWL, L a 

Ifir. WUu nnUn 1km l«m» Mohably in rafemoe 
tstfciip— Mibiwi. BqI bmt It woold Mem to sig- 
aifr, that tlMj had MpmtMl faom tlia iwt of th«r 
mmtmamj^ Btlg. Mr40r><% to looo ; m tywm, with lo9% 
vmi ny ■■« wnnnu 

IX)BEBt #• Laurel, or an arbour of laurel. 

UMv a Iprar ht «M Ifaat, tha lody 10 nuQ 
or hoa^ aad or b«biOi«d M bMM. 

atrOimmmtd »001,1^ 

fip. i— I'ii r, ahmol I Irari0% a plot or grofo oT bay 
tntft T.HOW 

[LOBIE,Ml07. Same as Lob, q. ▼.] 

[LOBDiEB, LoBYMABB, $. A saddler, 
bridlemaker, Lyndsaj, Thrie Estaitis, L 
4174. O. Fr. hnm, a Ut, Lat lonm, a 

LOBN, Lqbdto, •• The Orested Cormorant, 
the ffliag, ShetL 

—Fiemmm Orirtitni^ (lioa. oyot) Lifm, (Hnid- 
MorFtetMMMdaalCbMtedCormoraiik'' Bdmoa- 

hum Bsy boaoommtioo of tho latter pait oT tho 
SEÌveB by Fonioppidaii. 

PiOBBACH, •. 1. A disgusting mass of 
aajrtfiing liquid or semi-liquid. 

S. ni-eooked food. 

& A knff piece of thread, twine, cloth, Ac, 
with %b» notion of filthiness and wet, 

[LOBTICABE, f. A saddler. Y.Lobimeb.] 

To LOS» LoiSy e. a. To unpack; applied to 
goods of merohandise. 

"'Tho ooMornatoor wtSi not— admit ooyo oooqoet,— 
OBOtpt tho mercihoandiib ào., ooorio ano of thame^ be- 
Mr&M MiiM or OBio of thair gndi^ mak faith— that 
aa lomddiii Kodii^ fte. And gif thai lo$ onie 

Cm aad gur eomaiid fromo Sootlande bofoir tho gtT« 
oT tho Mid aithe^ -fit Mlbo faenm tojhoegnMroa- 

to anotet tho Mid Mhipa." Acti Ja. VL, 1507, 
Bd.l8H^lS7. y . Loot and Loims. 

LOSANE,«. A lozenge or rhomboidal figure. 

— **0a tìM Tthw qrdo ano Umtm with one thriatill 
«■ OMiy mdio in foimo of a orooe^ with this oirenm* 
Hriptloon, OimMim iSiiNtervi.'* Aoto Ja. VL, 1503, 
Bd. 1S14» p. 4a 
''ItML ano vthor dyamoBt» groond onra with fotrm^ 
■MHtlit with tho fkoirknott^ Invontoriee, A. 1542, 



tto Tnlgar term Zoeea, q. r. 

[To LosANB, L06BK, e. o. To form lozenge 
figures in embroidery; part pa. lowiUf Jbna.] 

To LOSE THB HEAD. To suffer a dimin- 
ution of strength. South of S.;'a metaph. 
iqpparentlj borrowed from tiie vegetabte 

LOSE, Lose, •• Plraise^ commendation, good 

sir Twayae oft bid al the foai. 

Of him the word fttie wide goM, ^ 

Of their dedee wie grate renown. 

rMPOMie, ititem'e JL jr. A, L SI 

-^-The lyoon be bnra, with loriqg and ìon^ 

Ot lilver, aenely and mra. 

JToMlflii^ iL tt. 

II ia noed by B. Ohma and Chanoer— 

H71 Ì08 iprong io wyde of jt Unmee 
—To the verroat ende of the wond. 
That ioeh man was nonr Don. 

B. (W01M., pi 18L 

TUi^ Mr.^ Tooko obeerTeo, i« tho paat part, of tho 
A. 49. r. A^je-on, oetobrarOi He viowa the northern 
word M alio tho ocùàn of lat. law^ praiao. DiTora. 
Forlqr, IL p. SOS. Y • Lon. 

LOSEL^ #. ^ Idle rascal, worthless wretch," 

Away, away, thoo thiiflleai loooe, 
I swear toon getteat no alma of nee ; 

for if we ahold oaog any iotd beera, 
IheSiat wo woldlMgrn ^th theai 

ilita»'e& Am^ it 18S, 1S7. 

It io nparontlv noed in a aof tor aonaob by a Scottish 
writor 01 tho 17th oontnry, aa if eqnÌTalent to E. Unti 
or down. But perhaps he usee it improperly. 

"If OiieHorKnighti inoaroldSaxonEDgliah, be 
iatorpfoted a aorran^ m Jamea and 9. Paul were, 
of Qod and Chriat^ how aoon might tiio mdo ewaine, 
tho ooontrr laasei^ tho olowniih boor, tho whiatling 
plowman, too earthly dmdgo, find ont a way for 00« 
kUtatmg Ua family, and gentiliaeing of himeelf, in 

obeerring tho ralee and ordera belonging to the hedge 
and prof emion of tho goopel T* Aanand'a 

pifCofi^p* ec 


'*Tyrwhttt oboarros, that in tho Piomp. Panr. 
'* jCosei^ or Lor^ or Lmrden, ia rendered Imtco /' 01. 
▼0. Lord, It iaperhi^ allied to Tent. ìotigk^ ignavua. 

[LOSENOEOUB, s. A lyi^ fellow, Bar- 
bour, ir. 108, Skeaf s Ed. ; £din. MS. has 
LotyngwuTf q. v.] 

L0SH,tn<ef7. A comiptionof the name Lord; 
sometimes used as an interj. expressive of 
surprise, wonder, or astonishment, and at 
other times uttered as an unwarrantable 
prayer for the divine keeping, S. 

Loth man ! hae merey wi' yonr natch. 

Bmm»^ BpittiM to a Ihy&r. 

It aaanmea a Tarioty of forma ; aa* Lotlkie^ LfM/tmt^ 
LothhuoMif LimUe, Abetd. 

"St. Andrewo.— >Oar oitiaens hafo long been oele* 
brated for loyalty. Not oontont with the feativitiea 
of St. Geoige, the 12th of Angnat ia alao obeerred aa 
tho birth-day of onr liege Sorereign. ' XoeA,' qnoth a 
down in the fair, aa hia aatoonded eara were aalated 
with tho din of belle, * wha orer heerd o' the like o* a 
man bom twice in a'o year?' * Wbiaht man,* qnoth 
hia oompenion, ' ilka man'a no a king.' " Dundee Ad- 
▼ertieer, Ang. 14, 1823. 

LOSH-HIDE. Perhaps the skin of a I^tix. 

<«£odk Aides the piooe-3 a.** Batao, A. WOi 
Sax. losse, Qorm. luehif lynx, Inpos oenrarina. 




I^SIN, part pa. Losenm-figared. <* Ane 
new Mrk Imui with blak werk;** Aberd. 
Beg., y. 16. 

[LOSINGSBE, f . V. Losthoboub.] 

To LOSS» e«a. To unload, applied to a ship. 
In tiie Mine aenae it is now said io lioer^ S. 

^àJl kofMOMB Asd footmtn went farth doim to 
Ujth lalh« foMfo^of thttMid bvk, which inoootment 
was bnght Tp to ths OMtdl oftor th«ir ioMiii^." 
BaanatyiM't JovnuJ, p. 147. 

Bila. itfitfli| to Qiiloiid. Cfednmrig I6§§m en hadem, 
ts Huood ana lood oontmaallj ; SeweL Vma th« 
fona of tho word* it umiw ongmaUy the miM with 
iimMwhkhmaàBmtoiooM, Batin8a.-0., lefaif-a,iito 
load, laMS <|^ and aAluM, to wilood, from ìau, T«hM» 
a load ; laL lUat, id. wfaonoe ktۤfa, onenra. I wu- 
foati h e ar o f or , ttot tlio Bolg. teem io ndicaliy diflawnt. 

LoesiirGt a. The act of unloading. V. the 
e. In the passage quoted above, the a.also 

-.«« Waat telb-to tìM loifiiv of tho Mid bM^** 

LOSSES. Praise. Y. Lon, Lose. 

IA)8SIE,adj. Applied to ftmird, or the first 
shootinff of grain, fields of grain, pulse, Ac. 
in whicS there are vacancies or emptjr spots; 
as, '•A lauia braird f '•The com-lan' is 
nnoo fesfta the year ;** Cljdes. 

Loa8iNS88| a. The state of being Jbaata, ibid. 

C. Bl Uoe»4t to oieet» to throw out, Uouawg^ haying 
a throwing ont ; lanti <m^ Ìoof, ▼acnna, inania. 

LOSYNOEOUB, Losinoerb, a. 1. A ly- 
ing flatterer, a deceiver. 

Wm thar with thaim woa a tntoor, 
▲ Ma kMndana, a laiyNMMir, 
HoabanM to name, maid tha traMiin, 
I wala not te qahat tnchaaonn. 

Bar«Mr, U. 106. M& 

Ghaoaar vaaa ìomngèomr in tiia aamo aenae. Fr. 
laHN^-ar, to flatter, to eoaan, to deoeive. ItaL Uuin- 
gurt^ Wm^ fitaiiffaar, a flatterer ; Alem. (m, gnile, lo9en^ 
anllj. laaon^ gnila. V. Menage. laL lauàingia/oU:, 
lian^ lam i f iy ir eni^ a lie ; A.-S. Uattmga, whence E. 

S. A sluggard, a loiterer. 

Aad fhocht I wald na langue It i 
1« Fhebna aold ma ImmJwv attaynt 


it waa paat four howia of dav, 

in Ml 

Ikmg. VirgO, 404, IL 

It aaaoM vaed hjjr Don^aa rather improperly ; aa it 
eaa aeanalv ho viewed aa a different wwd, allied to 
Teat. MgK lifut(^ P>gar» agnavna. 

LOT, a. A certain Quantity of grain, 
ffanerally the twenty-fif tn party given to a 
tnraaher as his wages, S. A. 

"Where the allowanoe to the thraaher waa either a 
p aopor ti oB of the produce, hnown by the name of loL 
^onafaUy a twenfy-fifth part, or when he waa paia 
m aMMMj. aa ao much- per boll, the temptation 
to do work in a aloTenlv manner waa ao great, that 
a quantity, periiape doable of what waa reqoirad for 
1001** Agr. Sonr. Bozb., p. 75. 

LoT-MAir, a. One who threshes for one boll 
in a certain number, as in twenty-five, S. 

''Than are aavenl threehing machinea here: bat 
tiiqr aeem, aayet, to aare only a m-man, aa he ia called, 
who threahee for eo moch the bolL" P. Donbog, Fife. 
Statiat Ace, ir. 294. 


— Lantern to loft, of ladtia lamp and lof.— 

Lord Hailea Tiewa it aa pat for kuid, pratae. From 
the connexion, it aeema rather to aignify Uakl ; A.-S. 
Uohi, Alem. leoMt UohL It may, however, im need in 
the former aenae, from ItaL lode^ praiae. 

To LOTCH, V. n. To joff ; applied to the 
awkward motion of one who rides ungrace- 
fully, South of S. ; Hatehf synon. 

Flandr. <Mto-ea, ia given by Kilian aa of the aame aig- 
nifioatioa with hier^ which he renden, vacillara, to 
wag from aide to aide. 

LoTOH, L0ATGH9 a. A corpulent and iazy 
person ; as, a muekU lotehj Lianarks. 

"LoaleAtCorpalentperaon.'* Ayn. OL 9arv., p. 692. 

Thia aeema nearly allied to B. tout^ **»^eaa awk- 
ward fellow ; a bumpkin ; a down ;" Johna. O. Tent. 
ioete, homo agreatia, inaulaua, bardua, stolidoa. Teat. 
far»-ew, aigni&a to loiter. Sa.-0. loMber, tardua. 

LoTGH, adj. Lazy, Ayrs. 

LOTCH, a. A handful or considerable quan- 
tity of something in a semi-liquid state; 
as, << a bteh of tar," Ettr. For. 

LOTCH, a. A snare, a situation from which 
one cannot easily extricate one's self, S. 

Near to hia person than the rogues approach. 
Thinldng they had him &it wtthin their <o<e*; 
And then the btoodhounds put it to the vote, 
To take alive or kill him on the apot 

MmmiUom'a WaUaee, pi 884. - 

Chano. iaieke, id., the aame aa faa ; Taut. ItUe, ItaL 
laedo; anppoaed to be formed from Lat. laqmtM*. 

LOTCH. V. Bakin-lotcbl 
[LOUABIL, adj. V. under Loue.] 

1. A carity, a hollow 

LOUCH, a. (gutt.) 
place of any Jdnd. 

ne Lord of Poo^aa thiddir yeid, 
Qohen ho wyst tuai war ner cnirnnand. 
And Fìd] a Ì4meh on the ta hand 
Haa nya archen enboacliit he. 
And bad thaim held thaim all priud, 
Quhill that thai hard him rayu the ery. 

Barftonr, xvi. 886, MS. 

2. A cavity containing water, a fountain. 

And thou haly fbiler TyAmiM,— 
Qnhare eaer thy Itmeh or fontane may be found, 
Qohare eaer ao thl tpriitf in, in qahat aroond, 
O Soda maitt pleiaad, th« nl I ouer aTquhars 
Hallow with honorabUl oflbrandia enermareL 

Any. VirgO, 113, ». 

Oerm. lodi^ aperture, cavitaa rotunda, foramen. 
Loch ia abo explained latibulum, apelunca. Wachter 
viewa thete aa ndically different, but without aufficient 
reaaon ; Alem. (oA, fovea, Fohwn kabaU loh; The foxea 
have holea : Tatian. ap. Schilter. Otfred naea Iwoffe in 
the aanae of apelunca ; A.-S. M, banthmm ; laL Igk, 




he mm ihm hum iooIi m Wnao, IsA aignifiM 



Al MU imft% Irtf« Mtnit miitokm i 
tkb wHk Mh, AbkÀ. V. Jno. S^ym. 

JjOJJOEOSQ.parL pr. Bowing down, kut- 

Hn fltd tìMjr, aad whtd thay, 
" r >Bt from MM fddtf. 

inififtlM and coatdunc^ 

ttwIHAti of ftuUUr. 

U. ftdlB» ilsBÌflet dMuttort. That loel» haitm is 
ABoBid to ft dofl wImd hanging hit teiL 
*&L i|iif fast; a< /M-a, proooo fio^ prooombo^ flocto 
warn I imtr^moaaMf loCliui, oenrano ; O. Andr. 
irt-tfik To &iia origin nndoabtedly ought wo 
B. dùmek^ whidi Dr. Johnoon ineonsidemfeely 
froB Dob. W^ itnpid. 

(XOUD AND STILL, aJo. Under all cir- 
cnmstuioeflb alwaysi Barbonr, iii. 745. V. 
Hdliwdl*8 Diet] 

ToIiOUE»I«OTS,9.a. To praise. V.Loif. 
IjOUÀBlLfadj^ Commendable^ praise-worthy. 

yo now into /oar myndif UkuM 
oetii of your tldarii bigaiM, 
fruMu and your awin rmownflt. 

Ihttg. VwgU. SSS^ «L 

Iki ìnmN% kL ▼• Loir* v. 

IjOUQrOy LoTnrOy •• Phnse, conmiendaticHi. 


Ka imdmgii may do faicrM thy fiuna, 

Ite aa lOfioeho dynynow thy gnda namoL 

Jjmia, Ftr9ìi;4, 2L 

Z wm ifng , BwhoT, id. A."gL fte^liiiy,land>tio. V.Loir. 

PtfOUITy LOTXT, LowCTy pr«l. Praised, Bar- 
booTy ÌT. 515.J 

To LOUKy V. a. 1. To lockt to inclose, to 

laagla only to lok in thars kee 
-mart kdyia liiUy, and (Mfc hot Irtt or nlaoli. 

J)mi§. VifjfO, S88. a. ai 

S. To snntrandt to encompass. 

A»Hdta ana nak trt Inridt a goldin bench,— 
That fCandia toukii abont and adnmbrata 
With diriE ahaddoia of Iha thik wod achaw. 

Latig, Vtrpl^ 167, 44. 

lioia-O. hik^% 80.-O. Id. /dt-o, A.-S. fte-ZM-iiii, 
Bilf. Iqidh«s olaiidora. V. Lvcxxx. 

I^UNy LoWKy LOWKE, LOWEN, adj. 1. 

Cafan, serene ; expressive of the state of the 
air^S. This seems to be the primaiy sense. 

— la tha eilm or Inuu weddir la tana 

▲bona tha flndia hia^ ana ftia plane grene, 

ana etandyag place, qnhar ekaitia with there bekkie, 

fonpna the eoa gladly thaym pmnyeis and bekU. 

DetvL Vitgil, 181, 491 

WhM th' air ie ealiD, and etOl ae dead and deaf, 
And vnder heavii qoakee not an aipin leaf, — 
and when tha variant winde ia etiif and Unmu^ 
Tha cnnniag pylot never can be knowne. 

Mmd$om's Jwditk, pL & 

JIt gnmim tmm; 11m wind begins to fall, S. 

•*£nmd, onim and mihl,'' Torka. DiaL Gl. p. 107. 
WtitBMreL id. *« Calm; oat of the wind. North." 

2. Sheltered; denoting a situation screened 
from the blast, S. loundt Northnmb. 

The land imm wee and lie, with lyldng and lofo. 

Anlalf, i. 1, Ma 

The fair fomet with krla, lomi and 14, 
The fowlie eong; and floule feriy eoeit, 

b bol the warid, and hiejproeperitè. 
Aa fda pleeendia myngu, with cair repldt 

Antyeone, Baimalgms Aftms, pi 19L 

*« Sao yo not tiio woUaffootod people seeking tho leo 
and (eaarn-iiilt of the hooee, and axnwing to it with all 
their might f* M. Bnioe'a Lectorea, p^ 12. 

Hence the sabstantÌTe need. Weal of E. **ÙMn, 
nnder oover or ehelter. Under the Um or lewe of a 
hedge." Oroee. Lenm ie oompletely eynon., being 
meroly A.-S. hleo^ hleow, nmbracolnm, apridtaa ; alao^ 
aaylnm, refasium ; and oorreeponding to onr Li, Lib, 
q. T. Le ana LetM more nearly reeemble the primitivo 
word; while Lmm and Lum are formed from the 
derÌTstÌTo; as will more folly appear from the oty- 
mologieal part of this article. 

8. Unruffled ; applied to water. 

The etreme bekwartls Tpflowie eolt and itill ; 
Of dc wise mdaaaad hia wattir, that he 
Ane etandand stank semyt for to be^ 
Or than a smdth pale, or dnbu ioun end ikie. 

I»0iV. Fwptf » SIS, S. 

•«Thir salmond, ia the tjino of heniisti cnmis rp 
throw the smal wnttoris, speeinllie ^nhare the watter w 
maiat schaold and Imm. and apawnis with thair wamis 
plot to Tthir.** Bellond. Deocr. Alb., 0. 11. 

4. Cahui meek; applied metaph. to a man. 
One who has been agitated with passion, or 
in the rage of a fever, is said to be loun^ 
when his passion or delirium subsides, S. 

Te hae yoarwH with yon nidi maiden locked. 
That winna thole with albets to be Joked ; 
And say, nry lad, my eoanad's ye be 1010», 
And tan a mink of de as ye hae brewn. 

Jloei'e JMMOfs^ pi OS. 

Whn the wind fdli, wo any. It hwdm*§, or, /IV 
hwdmbngt & B. V. Low, v. 

5. 7b 6« loun^ or lotMbn, also su^ifies to be 
stilly or silent, '*to speak littb or none in 
the presence of on^ of whom we stand in 
awe. Budd. 

6. Used in relation to concealment, as when 
any report, or calumnjr, is hushed, S. 
'^AÌeep that lovmf'* be sUent about that 
matter, do not dividge it to any one, Dumf r. 

«'Sir Richard wi' the red hand, ho had a fdr off- 
spring o' his atn, and a' waa foKaci and qniet till his 
head waa laid in the ground. Bat then---down came 
thia Makolm, the loTO-begot, wi' a atring o' lang- 
legged Hiffhhmders at his heels, that's aye ready for 
ony body? mischief^ and he threepe the castle and 
landa are hie ain aa hia mother'a elaeet eon, an' turns 
a' the Wardonrs oat to the hilL** Antiquary, ii. 212. 

I have some heettation, however, whether ihm word, 
aa osed in this sense, be not radically different. It 
hae great appearance oif affinity to Sa.-G. toen-ii, oceul- 
tare, which, Ihre informa na, andently waa written 
iUsmi-a, synon. with taegga a loen, abo dgnifying to 
conceal Thia mnst be a very old word, aa Ulphilae 
neee analamgn in the sense of hidden, and gaiaugi^Ht 
to hide. 




7. Mataplu appHad to traaqoillity of state, 
habiti^ or viaie of life. . 

** 'BU do vpn think yoar biotlMr wiU UIm Nether- 
thmi It wul he oore lomm for him.' 'The (owner 
&ehett«r for ODe who hailed hie Ufe."* M. Lyiid«ky, 

UL Id^m, 8a.-0. Ugm, traamiillitM aerie. Logm 
d enet M eenntty, both of air and of water. Tha var 
hgm w rf w r, logm Mir; Erat tranqniUitaa aerie, tran* 
qidDnm nai% Olai Lex. Ron. Or, aa we would ez- 
pMi ik indnding both the first and the third aenae 
glTen aoore; *'Tbere waa loon weddir, and a loan lea.** 

80.-O. Utifm ia abo vaed metaph. aa applied to the 
■mid. H99 imgmt tranqniUitaa animL Spegelina 
deiÌTaa the tenn from Inn, qnietneea, peaoe, to which 

tranqvUlitaa m^fna faota est. BibL let Idark. ìt. 39. 
Bisidea 8a.-0. Imgmt Sibb. nentione IsL Iw^ir, sylva, 
wlueh hae bo eonneodon; and Moee.-0. amdawQn^ 
oiwItBni. Bttt the meet natnral deduction is mm 
U. AloiM-ar, aer eaieaeit, et fit blandna, the air 

and mild; htyn-ar^ id., kl^tnde^ 
I from Aloo^ to grow warm. Loiiiihaa 
origin with lew, tepid, q. v. Al- 
thoi^ B^ loamiv tepid, ia written differently from 
Uam^ ahe lt s f ed from tne wind, they aeem originally 
the eaan. Lmtm-m la endentljr i^ed to ioim; Hit 
ktgiM Is f enM in » the wind be^ns to oeaae; hence 
àNMiiun shelter, a wann phMM. 

Ut m» sheltefed, and U, shelter, era evidently from 
tim saaae root. Henoe^ aa i^pears from the preceding 
qiiotatkwib Isnn amd U seems to have been a common 
^hiaas^ in which the same idea waa expreeaed, accord- 
uu to n eommnn nieonaim, by aynon. terms. 

I shall only aad« that althoogh towden^ mentioned 

mder esBse4 as Mplied to the wud, when it falls, and 

niaoaasi^iiMigtobe still, to speak little, might be 

viewed as allied to Belo. Zimfa; it eeems preferable to 

' it aa radically oiilÌBrant. IsL AZiod is used in a 

nearly oonenondent. Ito orimnal aimification 

ind. Bnt^ like eome Hen. woraa, it also 

ndoBÌte n osnse directly contrary, denoting eilenoe. 

SUBm AlWa, to demand silence, JUiocir, sUcnt. tola i 

aBoitt to speak with a low voices kUodlair, mnltam 

t O. Aadr. 80.-O. Utui^ silence ; kmrboUmd, the 

oCthetemple. V. Zwd, Ihre. 

To LouN| LowiTy «• a. To calmt to make 

The wjfndis elk thert blast&i la%mii sons, 
Ihe aey calmyt hb flodJa plane abone. 

DMy. Virpl, 817, 7. 
——The dew aflkayit dels fie 
l^nth ef hir hoQ, and rieht dent wynjng wane, 
Mbars hir soolt ntst is holkit ia the itane, 
80 CriiriT in the Mldis ftuth tcbo tpryngis, 
QehSII ef hyr find the boas rigging riugU, 
And sons ellir seheiand the lownSt are 
Down fkem the hkht diacsndii soft and (Sue. 

lkm§. Fwyti, 134, 41 

To LouK, LowK, V. n. To turn calm, S. 

*^ **Blow tho wmd ne'er eo fimt, it will Uuh at the 
heti^&ProT. KeUy, 

To Speak Lowne. To soeak with a low 
▼oice^ as in a whisper, Galloway. 

I rode ys ^Moft fowiM, lest Kimmer should hear ye ; 
Otoae eain ys^ come cross je, an* Oode be near ye. 

Jgsiates qfNUktdaU Sang, p. Sa 

** 'Do not mentloa hie name,* aaid the widow, prees- 
ingUslipawithherfingera, 'leeeyonhayehiaaecret 

and hie paesword, and IH be free with yon. Bnt^ 
tptak hmnd and k»w.-^I tmst ye eeek him not to hie 
hnH"* Tales of my Landloid, It. 278. 

Louir, LowK, «• 1. Tranquillity of the air, 


8. Tranquillity in a moral sense, S. 

'*Bat the lowm of that time waa aa a bet day in 
winter.** R. Oilhaiaeb iii. 63. 

3. A shelter ; as, *' the town o* the dike,** S. 
LouND, adj. Quiet, tranquiL V. Loux, 


LouxLie, LowxLT, €uio. 1. In a sheltered 
state, screened from the wind; as, ** We'll 
stand braw and icwnl}/ ahint the wa*,** S. 

2. Under protection, used in a moral sense, S. 

His todkn wee aaos, risen fair, 

Hssht ilka joy that's gude. 
Nors^ UmndM np eneath hia care, 

On solid Uatra food. 

Fidbm'M P^m»t 1788, p. Ml 

3. Softly, or with a low voice, S. 

^ Bnt scho skyrit to knnife lownhf or etoearlye on 
thiUte sanchning " Hogg'a Winter Talee, ii. 41. 

LOUN, LouNB, LowN, Loon, «• 1. A 

Then rins thon doun the gate, with gild of boys, 
And all the town-tykes^in^d at thy bails ; 

Of lads and lòwiu ther rises sic a noyse, 
Qtthfle wenches rin away with earas and onheOsL 
Jhmbar, Evergrtm, IL W, st. 2S. 

And Donde gray, this mony a day, 
Is UcbUyt baithbe Ud aod 2mm. 

•S^eryreia, L 17a 

*' The nsnal fiffnre of a Sky-boy, ia a hum with bare 
1^ and feet, a curty kilt, ragged coat and waistcoat, a 
biufo head, and a stick in his umd." Boswell*e Jonm. , 
p. 264. 

2. One in a low or menial station, an adher* 
ent to a superior. South S. 

'* *ni be hie eecond,' eaid Simon of Haekbnm, 'and 
take np ony twa o* ye, gentle or semple^ laird or loon, 
it'e a* ane to SimoB.^" Tklee of my Landloid, L 239. 

An O. B. writer givee an erroneous orthography. 

'*Anoother and not the meaneet matter waa, their 
armonr among theim eo little differinff, and thair ap- 
parail eo beee and be^gerly, wherein 3ie Lnrdein was 
m « manor aU one with the Lorde^ and the Loundr. 
with the Larde ; aU clad a lyke in iackea coouerd with 
whvto leather, donblettes of the eame or of fnstian, 
and moat commonly al white hoaen." Fatten*8 £x- 
pedidon D. of S o m e rse t , p. 69. 

" A Lacde with them (I take it) is aa a S^nyer wyth 
Ta. A Lound ia a name of reproch, aa a rillain, or anche 
Me." Ibid, ifaig. Thia rdatee to the fatal battle of 

It ia not improbable that this word originally de- 
noted a aenran^ aa allied to IsL Uotlne, Uome^ senrus. 
Hence lumategi, quod eet servile, 0. Andr. ; lionar, 
legati, Verel. There ie a conaiderable analog. For 
lean, S. ia often nsed to denote n boy hired either oc- 
caaionally, or for a term, for the pnrpoee of running of 
errandd, or doinc work that requiree little exertion. 
In a villaflCk he who holde the plon^ ie often cidled the 
iad^ and the bo^ who acte aa Iierd^ or drivee the horses, 
tlie «eiM. In like manner, lad, a yoath, ia deriyed from 
U. iifdde^ aerros, Sersn. 




S. A fogM^ a wortUeM f eUow, 8. 

I Maiou. he hmuk at tm oUy. 


^ ■pofl jiod. and Um ptopU granoiuly op* 
fVMMd hf MM and lininMii that cam* liara at this 
ttML aadTw^ bIjtiM to bt qnit of them," Ac Spal- 

tfiiflOHMlÌBio appliail to n iPOinan« — m^ 

4. Uied « eqniTalent to whore. 

* 1 haa naa kooMi. I bat aat land, 
I Ihm naa fofrd or liM, Sir : 
I aai a^or law to ba jov Mda. 
Tov INM ru naw ba, £^ 

AnTa CbOL, IL 7. 
Tno panao ipw^'fwyn la ▼or]f ooamon for a worth* 
laaa woman, 8. BL Haaoa n femala, who baa loat her 
fihaality, m aaid to hofo jrfe^fieci tht Uum, S^ 

IWi ont aad naka bim baold Arthur, 
And laai^'d lidit loud and hie- 

** And IM bar ain aoSatria." 

JtfmaM^ Awiiir, iL 7S. 

Lotm ia need by Shabaapoara for n raacaL 
BEbhk fatoa to Tent, loem, homo atapidoa, bardna, 
in o n lana; A.-& àai^aama : L^, to Ir. /mn, abthfol, 
flfaugÌBb, fJna. Xtynk) which ia evidently the aame 
wittithoTant.woid. Lye miatakaa the aenaa of it aa 
naad in & I Tiawiqg it an asraeinff in aignification with 
tfao Teal and Ir.tanna. & origmAlly the aame with 
tbaaa^ it baa nndannna n Toiy eonaiderable ohAnge in 
ilB meaning Mr. Tooke givee knm aa the part pa. of 
thoT. ia Mk to mnko low. Divers. Parley, ii 344. 
Wbal^ iff il be imther allied to Moee.^. U^ndt, A.-S. 

■■■ —! ■■■ , tnditor. proditor, a traitor. ALsm. iaug-tn, 

al^^ks to lie; hanoo tomgm^ n falaehood, htge^feld, 

m a n d aiili , fcigygnwfaiyow, lalae oropheta^ paea- 

. . \ CènldweTÌewlo^gKn^ Loth., aynon. with 
ÌBii^ as sHiac the old pronnndstion, it mi^t with 
MiA BMabiliW be tnMMd to A.-& Je^-on, mentiri, aa 
bamg Oo V^^Jl'^g*'^ mentionab q. n lying person, n 

[El WM oartaanlj in tfaia aenaa that the term waa 
by the poaik whan be 

fia daya wban oar King Robert rang 
Oa trawa they eoat bat baY-anaowa ; 

Hiaaald tbmr ware agroat o'r dtar, 
And aa'd the taylor thief an' lown. 

A-e O f al Swyf, JTanfa CbflL, ii. 108.] 

liOITlilow, adj. Boflcally, S^ from laun and 

[LouH-iLL, #* Pketended giclmesg, to escape 

Jx^tnX'UKm, adj. 1. Having the appearance 
of a ÌMn, or yiUaio, S., lofumer4ik€ compar. 

• rn pnt no water en my bandk 
Vor alfll the /bwMr^Oa I an, 
Iha mom my teada ni graoe. 

Jbm'a jraCmen^ iSm^fFk 141. 

9. Shabby, threadbare ; applied to dresg, S. 

liOUHSIE, LOONRT, $. Villanj. 

Then— fef thy kmnHt mony a laiaeh has frid. 

Dmiter, Mvtrgrmi^ ii. 68, ft 7. 

** Againa when thon art ao fixt on the thinga of thia 
wntld» yea oran in thy Uwful esMreiae (for in thy 
IsMRry thoa eannot bane an eye to God) that thou 

gal a poaee of thj hart to Qod, it nmy be that 

thoa hàÌM a oanaU and lalae toy ; bat trao joy and 
oomfort baal thoa not" Rollook on 2 Thaa., p. lli. 

Loun^s Piece, Loon's Piece. The upper- 
most slice of a loaf of bread, S. 

In 8a.«0. thia ia sailed AaJtk. Ihrs ia at a lom to 
know, whether it be from afeoA emata, beeaom it haa 
mora of the omat than thorn dioea that are under it 
ffingnlara eat^ aaya thia learned writer, good vnlgo atatt 
i^pelleot prunnm aeoti pania fmatrom. He woald 
naTs rsskoned it still more mnjpdaTf had he known 
that the 8. phmae. &>m»*« pfeM^ ia perfectly oonaonant 
It would alao have determined him to rejeot doaU cruata, 
aa the oiimn. He haa poperly Riven thia word onder 
9koXk^ aa the root, whien primarily atgnifim a aenrant ; 
and m a aeoondarjr aenm a deceitral man. a raacal, 
(nebolo) a Icnm. Now thia So.«0. term primarily de- 
noting a aenrant, and being thoa allied to S. (oaa, aa 
ngnifving a hired bc^ ; toe nppermoet alice moat, 
aoooidiag to analogy haTe been aenominated «iaa£l; aa 
being the kmifè piece^ or that appropriated to the aer- 
▼ant, pa ri uMpa becaam harder taan the lower altcea. 
Thia ooinoioanoe ia ▼ary remarkable in a circamatance 
ao tvÌTÌal I and exhibita one of thoee minnte linee of 
national affini^, that freqoently carry mora conviction 
to the mind than what may be reckoned more direct 
eridenoe. Dan. dboft, id. ** the kiaaing-cmatk the first 
alice, Croat or oat of a loaf ;** Wol£ 

If we ooold aappoM that foiai had been oaed by oar 
anceatora to denote a aenrant in general, we might 
carry the analogy a little farther. We might new 
thia aa the primary aenm, and rogue, totmndr^ aa the 
aeoondary. For thia procem may be remarked, in 
different langnagaa^ with isapeot to aereral terma 
originallT aipiifying aenrice. Thia baa been alreadr 
aeen with ra^Mct to Sa.-0. tkaOL In like manner, E. 
ibiase, which primarily meana a boy, aacondarily a aer* 
▼ant, haa been oaed to denote a raeeaL Wechter 
▼iewa Germ, dkb, Sa.*0. tkUff, a thief, aa an oblique 
aenm of Moee.-0. tkiwtt a mnrant ; aa Lat. Jur, a thief, 
waa originalljf aqaivalent to aerviit. Both Ihxe and 
Wachter aacribe thia tranaition. in the aenm of theae 
terma, to the depraved moraia of aerranta. Cai 
ajgniftinationi hand dabie prooaoia aartomm ingenia 
occaaionem dedere s Ihra, ro. Skalk, 

Thia, however, may have been occaaionallv, or partly, 
owing to the pride of mmtera. Of thia, I appra- 
band, we have a proof in the E. word friUain, wbch, 
orimnally denotinir one who waa tranaferaUe with the 
aoii, oanm gradoaUy to ai|^iify '*a worthlem wretch,'* 
from the contempt entertained for a bondman. Per* 
bapa sarlcl, which ftumarly conveyed no other idea 
than that of one in aatataof aarvitadsb may be viewed 
aa a aimilar aocample. 

To LOUNDEB, v. a. To beat with severe 
strokes; S. 

The boDia aoaplaa, that ware ma mèH, 
His back they loMuteri. mall for mail. 

/amlmam'9 PoftU. BaXL, VL 288l 


LouNDEBy •• A severe stroke or bIoW| S. 

Ha hit bar twa> thrm roota indaid. 
And bad her pam tweitb from Ui staad : 
*« If thoa bide hen, ni ba thy dead ;" 
With that gsTS her a Umndtr, 
While moath and uom nuht out of Mood ; 
She aUggard alao where aba stood. 

ITataNi'f CML, L 41 

— ^Then, to aacapa the eodgal, ran ; 
Bat was not mlss'd by the goodman, 
Wha leot him on his neck a tounder. 
That gart him o'er the threshold founder. 

Bamta/i i'omi, iL 680. 




[LOUVDSBIN, LouKDBBiKO, adj. Severe, 
heavj, itiumuig^ Clydes., Loth.] 

iMtwit Umb of laag dAvi of twMfe dolvte, 
à» doy bi diia|K aad a^ Um ndit holl flyto : 
▲ad BOf b^ in liii btrUchoocU, M*«r stick 
llo iMdìdÌMBf wib a liwiwiri^ lick. 

Mmmmfè Pwhm^ iL 79. 


or beatinj^ &• 

— **H«r dfto^ter luid noror teen Jock Purtaoat* 
9Ìiw% or deod» aaoo ho hod gi'en hor a touMdering wi* 
his ooBOb tho aigor that ho wm, for driving a doad cat 
at tho pRyvwt's w^ on tho Elootor of Hanoyor's birth- 
dftT." Hoait M. foth., iL 148. 

** Wool, bm wo'fo mot again, hda, for oomo biaw 
waifc I mair obappin and dmcfm', I hoi 
flMig doim to tho ooaot." Tonaant'a Gaid^ 

LOUHDIT, jMirf. pcL Beaten;, [a oontr. for 

That ooddj rang tho Dromftot ftiil 
ÌUt him nttnuM againt thia Toil, 
▲n taniAl into inflow and lokl. 
That hMla maT bait him lyk a bail 

i>Mitar, MmUandJ'mu, p. 10& 

To LOUP, V. ft. 1. To lean, to springs S. 
jbpo^ A* Bor. Fret, lap; aiaa, loppin^ q. v. 

^**A a md hada tho stiirap ao ho that lomp* on ;" 8. 
Plw« Totgnaoo, p« 7« 
^Ho itomUoa at a atraob and Umtfà o'or a bcao ;" 

(fia', I hoopb ora wo 

ipb ora y 

Vonnioii'o S* Pror., p. 19« 
'*JBviK70oo loii|MOor tho 

iHioro it ia Uighoot ;** 
8. Pkor. " KoUy, p. 97. 

«« Ho that hwka not oro ho {Mfp^ will lall oro ho wit ;" 
8. Ytuw. KoOj, 97. U7. 

Ihoa Lowiio aa ana lyoon fov, 
▲ad MOO ana flaaa cmld ftiddtr ; 

Bo hoeht to pons him at the pap, 
ThafafOB to wad ana wtddir. 

Obr.JrM.itU. CJbtM. & P., fi. 961 

Bo to qnhiH ha laj on hit Imidii. 

iM£, Its. 

II if abo naod in a kind of aetiro oonao^ 8. 

O Baby, baota tho window loigr, 

in kop yon in my ann ; 
By iMRy mn a' art at tho yott, 

To mena yon fraa harm. 

Jmmiuom's Ptf^L BaXL, iL 141. 

Thk ▼• lolaina tho ehaiaetar of tho othor Northern 
dlalool^ mora than of A.-S. hkap-am, id. Moe8.-0. 
Atop a n, aaltaio^ Qonn. Unden^ id. Sa.-0. loep^ 
Bolg. lMp-<n, oniTora. 

S« To mn, to move with celerity. 

*'Bnt it'a Jnat tho bird'a oowmand, and tho loan 
■man top t and tho noror anothor law hao they bat 
tho to^ o' thoir dirk." Bob Boy, u. 274. 

"It la aaid thai tho natÌTeo lap to anna, about 
90^000 man.** 8palding, i. 331. 

II atiU boaia thia aonao, 8. K 

— — TUa made my lad at length to top, 
And take bii heeUT^ 

JMof** Domimik D ef t md , p. 87. 

8. To bust open. Ltq^penf lappm^ burst open, 

Of any piooo of drooo that in too tight, if it borat, 
•tait open, or rand, it ii aaid that it baa hppmt 8. A. 


4. To give way ; applied to frost, S. 

Tlayi-oiTafafpIn, a phraao noed to aignify that tho 
fkoat^ whioh prerauod daring night, baa given way 
about aoniiio; whioh ii fononUy a preiago of rain bo- 
forooToning, 8. 

5. Applied to a sore when the skin breaks, or 
to tne face when swelling through heat, 
drink, passion, Ac S. 

Li a aonaa noarly ainular, it ia said of ono who baa 
OTor-boatod himaeu by Tiolont exertion, kU/aee U UU 
to Ì4mp: L«*t il *PP*<« aa if tho blood woald borat 
throngh tho akin, 9. 

6. Used in the same sense with Su.-G. loep^a. 
De canibus, ubi discursitant veneri oneram 
daturi; hence {M!pfi,catuliens; Dire,Oerm« 
lauf'tnf Tent, hop^m, catulire, in yenerem 
currere. Lyndsay, Chron. 3. P., iL 164. 
Warldsy 1592, p. 268. 

7. To change masters, to pass from one pos- 
sessor to another ; applied to property. 

For why tobaooo makes no troable,— ^ 
Bxoept it gw men bleer and babble, 
" merchanl 

iti whiles winn meikle geir 
Tea Mmetimet it wiU make a iteir. 

Gar swaggmen awear and All the etoapu 
Qaoth Coneciene^ since it came here, 

It has gsid sindrie lairdships toup, 
Mtmi^s fnUh's IVmwb, Ptmuemki P., p. 111. 

8. To Loup (AouL To run hither and thither. 

^" Jamea Grant— p resently bends an hagbatt, and 
■hoots him throagh both tho tniffha, and to tbegroond 
fidla ho ; hia [Maogregor*a] men wavee the parsoit, and 
tops oòoitf to lift him np again; bat aa they are at thia 
work, tho aaid Jamea Oran^ with tho other two^ top* 
frao the bonso and fleea, leaTÌng hia wife behind him." 
Spalding'a Thmblea, i. 3L 

9. [To LouP' of. (1. To dismount; as, 
** Afore the beast stoppit he hupU affj an* 
held oot a letter to me/* Clydes. 

2. To break off suddenly in a statement or 
story, to ramble ; as, ^He ne'er finishes his 
story, but hup$ off to some other palaver,** 
ibid.)] . 

10. To Loup hack. Suddenly to refuse to 
stand to a bargain, Clydes. 

11. To Loup iawn. Suddenly to refuse to 

g've so much for a commoolty as was at 
"st offered, ib. 

12. To Loup Aome. To escape to one*s own 
country ; apparently implying the idea of 
expeditioui q. to ** run home. 

"The king of Scotland said to thamo^ if they came 
againo in sick forme to portarb hia coastia, that it might 
bo they woald not be so weill intertained, nor loup hxmf. 
so dry schod." Pitacottie'a Cron., p. 245. Explained 
Ed. 1728k ao aa greatly to enfeeble tho langaage, — '* nor 
eoomo ao well in time coming." 

The Sw. phrase Ha% Ump ia I Aaael, "ho ran into 
tho house," nearly reaombleo ~ 





18. To LouF M« To make a sodden change 
from 000 fide or party to another. 

\ ••Wiifafftll iwgatting hù' grMt oath befort God, 
Mi èalnr totnurdi hit prinoi^ And this noblMaan hit 
M^MMfliomJ, 1m foji ill to tiM othar nde.*: Spftld- 

li. To Loup aiu (1. To mount on hone- 
back, 8. 

**Tfc> — i qa i i l ow at on in Abwdten, He lop an— 
■bonieOhoiw witik lum." Spalding, i. 107. 

Hm Mp» it MOMtinMS tnTwtod. " At ìàM<miauping 
Iba aan it Angria— luid aoma privato speachfla iHth 
-*-- Ifcid..n:9L 

i. To monnt, eqnipy make ready. 

'*Pftoqda Imqm on about 80 hona in jaok and apear, 
(haanpg A Fwnnranght'a baing in tha Bog),— and came 
to tìM maiqai% who Dafoia hia coming lubd diioreetly 
dfaaiilad fkaadjcangbt to oopfar with hia lady." Spald- 

15. To Loup cuL To mn (or spring) out of 

Whai anH^wenan art eoBvoy'd, 
Ha aoon l0ifpf oii< to bear tbdr traiiL 
Jfany^a tirmUi's IVoarft, ^mmtcuik^s Foewu^ p. lOA. 

18« Xiis to Loup wL Tobe Uhio hup out 
^ one's aUiy a phrase used to express a 
transport of joy or passion, S. 

Th«a ia a aiailar ooa in Sn.-0., with thia diflaranoe, 
tkaS il aaaoM far mora feeUa, tha oom p aria o n being 
ha u ewad firam oiaapinA i^rKPo ■** ^isxMie^ literally, 
"toanapoBlof tha akin.'' Dioitnr da iia, qni prae 
yrfio Inxniianto aoi qnaai impotantea annt ; inra, vo. 

17. To Loup tip. Suddenly to demand more 
for a commodity than was at first asked, 

To Loup, 9. a. 1. To burst, to cause to snap. 

Ovladla dow do nooght now but wipe aTe her een. 
Bar hearfa like to Imyi the gowd laoa o* her rowo. 

[f. To overieap, to overcome, to burst through; 
as, to linp a loo^, to leap over a wall ; to loup 
a 9kmkf to escape a difficulty, to avoid a 
loss ; to Ump the tether^ to burst bounds, to 
break loose from restraint, to ramble, S.] 

IjOUP, Loupe, $• 1. A leap, a jump, a 
wpnogf S« 

. The Kii« with that blenkH him by, 
And WW the twMome itimlely 
IgMM'hlemaagratmeUèma. ' 
With that he kft hU awin twa. 
And till thaim that fancht with his man 
A Imm lyeht Ijchtly maid he than ; 
AmI imato the bed off [of] the taoe. 

Aweour, Ti. 6SS, MS. 

*«AI tha aonnd of theaa woida, Wintorton gave a 
ftn as if ha had tramped on aomethins no canny, ayne 
a whiiriag aort of tnomphant whiatle, and then a 
"^ " ^JPHfe "J^ ^ ' ^ lowria I hae I yirded ye 



S. A small cataract, which fishes attempt to 
iiop over; generally a gabnon^loupf West 


Be it alwayea nnderrtand, that thia preaent Aot, 
nathing theirin oonteined, aaU be preJndioiaU to 
hia Hienea anbiectea, baing dewlie infeft and in poa- 
aeeaion of haloing of oruTee, linee or /oMset within 
freacha watera." Acta Ja. VL, 1581, e. HI. 

Xiaef aeema need for fifuu, aa aqm^alent to loupeM, 

Tha woid ia atiU need in thia aanaa. 

••The Endrick— then tama due W., raahtng over 
tha Lmtp of IbUry, and incloaing part of tha pariah 
within S aidaa of a aqnare." 

"^r— The only enrioaity which ia nnivanally re- 
marked in thia pariah, ia the above mentioned Loup of 
Fmir^; a cataract of 01 feet high, over which the 
Endnckponraita whole atream." P. Fintry, Stirlinjn. 
Statiat Aoo., zi. 381. 

Leem ooeoia in tha aame aeoM ; bat I ao^act, that 
H ia tne common word Anglified. 
^ *' Still farther np the bom, agreeable to the deacrip- 
tion in the dialogae of the aecond acene [of the Otttiie 
Shepherd], tha hollow beyond Mary*a Sower, where 
the Eak dividee it in the middle, and forma a linn or 
leap, ia named tha How Bam." P. Pennyooik, Loth. 
Append. Stotiat Aoc., xvu. 611. 

it ooooza in a aenaa, althoagh different^ yet nearly 
sDiad, in other Northern langoagea; Lu. laup-ur, 
alveo% calathna, Sa.-0. km, wainlop, the channel of 
a river ; Teat, looo der rhnerm, id. Theee torma, de- 
noting tha channel or ooarM of a river, are from Su.-0. 
hep^ Aa, aa aignt^ns eurreret to ran. Oar word ia 
from tha aame v. in the aenaa of ao/faire, to leap or 

3. A place where a river becomes so contracted 
that a person may leap over it^ Lanarks. 

Thaa there ia a hnp in Clyde abont half a mile above 
the Stonebyrea Linn. 

Loveb's Loup. 1. The leap which a despair- 
ing lover is said to take, when he means to 
terminate his griefs at once, S. 

S. A name given to several places in 
Scotland; eituer from their appearance, or 
from some traditional legend concerning 
the fate of individuals. 

Tender the lads and lasMa croape, 
To see the l u ck l ess Laoer't wup, 

Ma^n^9 Slier Oun, p. SO. 

'* The name of the lover'n lonp, or leap, ia fteqoently 
given to rocky precipicee,*' K. loid., p. 134. 

Loup-THE-BULLOCKS, $. The game in E. 
called Leap'Frog^ Galloway. 

" Laup-ihe'BtUloekt, — ^Yonng men go oat to a green 
meadow, and,-— on aU foara, plant themselves in a row 
about two yarda distant from each other. Then he 
who ia atationed fartheat back in the buUoek raNi* starts 
np^ and leapa over the other btUlocks before him, by 
laying hia handa on each of their backs ; and, when he 
gets over the last, leana himself down aa before, whilst 
aU tha othera, in rotation, follow his example ; then he 
atarta and leapa again, ** Ac GalL Encyct 

Loup-the-dtke, adj. Giddy, unsettled, 
runaway, Ayrs. 

*' 111 — make yon aensible that I can bring mvsell 
roand with a wet finger, now I have my finger and my 
thnmb on tiiia loup'the'dyke loon, the lad Fairford.^* 
Bednantlet, iii. 295. 

"She jealottsea that yoar affections are set on a loup' 
tfte-ifyif Jenny Cameron like Nell FriseL" The En- 
tail, u. 276. 




XjOvr-THB-TSTHBB, o^. Breaking loose 

from rMtraint^ rambling; nearly tyncm. 

with LaiMaiqnng^ South of S. 

•"HiÌBk of Ui haiwÌBa UH myoMM ia th* dMd. 
fkmw^ tad oaptrmg off into CiunberUiid hn% after » 
wild lomt tt < i etk t r lad tb^ «' Dome UtuMr." 

Loupm-aTBSK, «. 1. Literally a broken 
stitch in a stockin|^ S. 

%i MetapL, any thing wrong. Hence, 

8, 7b lot ip a loupe9i'>iUei^ to remedy an 
eril, Ayrs. 

— *'IluMaolUagto w, bat tolitlp tofoifcifp tho 
Imipm t hek ia yoor itookinf wi' m mneh bravity aa ia 
oonaiatant wf pataptcoity.'* Tba Entail, iii. S7. 

LouPSBy LAifi>-LOUPEB, q« T. One who Jtees 
liU anaUr^f a vagaboncL 

la iMMt of iho NoctbaiB laagaagaa, tbia ia tba j^* 
BMtty aaaaOi Dura g|T«a oalrara aa tba moat aaeient 
aanaa of 80.-0. iMpo. Itaaamatobatbatalaoof Taot 
lo a m i; aa wail aa of Alaan. loopk-eiL Qvbl kmf-tMt 
h£ Uip-€^f Daa. M-ar* to nui. 8o.-0* iopp, oiuana, 

IJLoJJWXf LoUPncOy pari. pr. 1. Swellinff, 
bursting through heat, drink, passion, &c^ S. 

S* Lowm an* Uevutf fresh, newly caiight, as 
applied to fish; also, hale and hearty, 
strong and well, in health and spirits, as 
qiplied to persons, S. Clydes., Loth*] 

Louphr AduB, Loupixo Aoub, «. A disease 
resembling St. Vitns's dance, Ang. 

MA avgaUur kiad of diatampar, oallad tba 

offiM^ baa aomatimaa mada ite appaanaca in tbia 
Aa patiaati^ wbaa aaiaad* bava all tba appaaraacaa of 
; tbair bqdiaa ara Tarioualy diatortad ; they 

ma. wbaa tbay fiad aa opportnaity, witb amazing 
swirtaaaif aad orar dangarooa pamaa ; and wbaa con- 
Aaad to tba boaaa» tbay jnmp, aad climb ia aa aatoniah- 
iQg Bumaar, till tbair atraagtb ba azbaoatad. Cold 
batbiagiafoaad to ba tba moat affeetoal remedy.** P. 
CM&Foifan. Statial Aoo., u. 498. 

*'IlMva b a diattmpar, oalled by tbe oooatry people 
the iMpiag agtu, aad by pbyaiciaaa, St. rUtJ$ datecf, 
wbkb baa prevailed oooaaionally for npwarda of 00 
yaara ia tbaae p^riabea, aad aome of tbe neighbonring 
ooaa, TbapatMntflratcompUinaofapaininthebead, 
aad lower part of tbe back ; to tbia ancceed oon\ulstve 
fltii or fita of danoing at cartaia perioda. Tbia diaeaae 
aaaoiatobabaraditaryiaaomefamiliea. Wbenthefit 
of daaoinft la^piag, or ninnin|^ aeiaea tbe patient* 
aotbiiup teada aiore to abate tbe Tioleaoe of the diaeaae, 
tbaa tbe aOowi^ig bim free aoope to ezerciae himself in 
tbta maaaar tUl aatura be eiduuiatad.** P. Letbaot, 
Focfua. Ibid., It. 6. 

Xeaa^ o^aa moat baaa error of tbe preea; aa/(OKp- 
AHT is tbe tint iavariably aaed. 

LouPDr-iLXf LouPiNO-iLL, «• A disease of 
sheep^ which causes them to spring up and 
down when moving fonrarcl; by some, 
supposed to proceed from a stoppage in the 
circulation, by others, ascribed to some de- 

. feet in the head, Teviotd. 

"^Tbera ia a ooaaiderable loaa of lamba by what ia 
oalled tbe Umping Ut^ which ia aa allaetioa of a pandy* 
tie natoro^ aometiniM lingering, aometiniea ao apeedy, 
that they ara often dead before thadioeaae ia aaapact- 
ed.'* Prise Eaa. HigbL Soc Soot. iii. 358. 

" Though be belned Lambride'a oow wed oat of the 
aioor-ill, yet the coaptatr-KTa beea aairer aaiaag bia 
aheap tbaa oay aaaaoa before.** Talm LaadL, L 200. 

LoupiK-ON-aTANB, #• A stoue, or several 
stones raised one above another, like a flight 
of stepsy for assisting one to get on horse- 
back, S. Hence, metaph. To eum aff at 

• the loupuironrBtanef S. to leave off anv busi- 
ness in the same state as when it was begun; 
also to terminate a dispute, without the 
slightest change of mind in either party. 

««Ho-«allled forth fima tbe Goldea Omdleotick, 
followed by tbe paritaaical flgnra we have deaeribed, 
after he bad, at the ezpeaae of aome tiaie aad diÌB* 
enlty, aad by the aariataaoa of a ÌMjrài^-oa-afaRc; or 
atnietnre of auaoary erected for tbe traTeller'a con- 
▼enience, in front of the bouee^ eleratad bia pecaon to 
tbe back of a long-backed, raw-boaed, thm-gntted 

«baatom of a brolea-dowa blood-boraa^ oa which 
i^oTarley'a portaaaataaa waa dapoaited.** Waverley, 
n. lis. 

"Oa each aide of the door atood banehea of atoae, 
which— eenred aa lovmiHr-ea-ilaact.'* Blackw. Mag., 
Not. 1820^ p. 140. 

LoupiN, LouPiKO, «• The act of leaping S. 

"Saltoa.^^Miiitiia.*' Deapmt. Grua., C. 8» b. 
Tbia tana waa alw naed m O. B. **XoM p tiiyf, or 
akyppiaga. Saltoa.** Prompt Pwr. 

LOUPEOABTHE,s. The gantlope or gant- 

'*Ot^er alight poaiabmeata we eajoyae for alight 
faalta; pat ia ezecntioa b^ their oom«nadea ; aa the 
Loupegarthe^ wbaa a aoaldier ia atripped aakei above 
the wMte, aad ia made to nmne a f orlong betwixt two 
hnndred aonldiera, ranged alike oppoaite to othera, 
leaving a apace in the midat for tbe aoaldier to ranne 
throng where bia comeradea whip him witb email 
roda, ordained and oat for the porpoee by the Oamlie* 
get; and all to keepe good onier aaa diadpliaa." 
Moaro*a Ezped., P. L, p. 45w 

Appareatly firom Sa.-0. ìoep^ enrrere^ aad aoard^ 
aa>imeatam ; q. to ma thronga the bedse made by tbe 
eoldiera. Tbe Sw. name for tbia pnnianmant ia voIm- 
lopp, which Ihra derivee from tenoa of the lama 
aignification. For in expUinicg (Tola, plataa, he givce 
tbia aa one aenaa : Notat ordinem homiaum dnplicatom, 

2ai relioto ia medio apatio aepia ia modnm cooaiatuat. 
^allioè Aayf . Eat hiao <|aod gai^opp^ dieamna, nbi ad 
verbera damnati per aimilem aepem viveatem et vizgia 
armatam corutant. 

LOUP-HUNTma, t. Hoe ye been a Ump- 
himimgt a phrase commonly used, by way 
of queiy, 8.o. It is addremd to one who 
has been abroad veiy early in the morning, 
and contains an evident allusion to the 
hunting of the wolf in former times. Fr. 
loiq>f a wolf. 

iff the L^up-Amtiit, ia a phraaa need la Aberdi 
lirob iatimatm|[that one goea oat aa if ikhnntin|^ bat 
in fact oa aoBM idle arraao. 

• r 




[LOUPEB-DOO, «. Theporpoiae,B«)fft.] 

A lJrE& fiSSbot itr Itmr.— 

**AlMi who pwlMiili lov m&nif tm m fure." 

^ LOUBt LouBS^ «• n. To gloom^ glunsh, 
lookdÌBOontentedyClydes. Lauran^lùurand^ 
ptrt. pr. vied alao as an adj^ disoootented, 

IjOUBD* LoubdSi adj. 1. Doll, lompish, 
dingreeable ; Fr. id. 

''Hm fcil villi iipownd ca tht Mitli.— It miut 1m 
likt^ m tiM oidir of oriaitf dograM in compuriaon 
l o qaiwU l , for tho Ante aad lii^ttot daorM of jndg- 
■MBlt ai lào OHtli is tho lowMt and ÌMtrded of 
■liaiMti,'* IMmo oa tho Bo?«liilion» p. IfiO. 

9. Ofooi^atapidyiottbli; ^>plÌ6d to the mind* 

••nihad hntpat thMowoidM for all feeing ami- 
m i 'i f d k hmi finr onlManic mrdtr)^ they 
i^ wtta OBT honaat haarlad laadar. hova freed ma 
dl aaapiote of ao iMinf aa aUoiditia." Forbea, 
lb a BaaaaaBt» p. tt. 

^ WaD t thia ia hia leaal^ al-ha-it oraa a I^hthI ORor.* 
IbrhaalB Sahalaa» pw SS. 
U* Ifr^ ìf^TÌAf lMr-€K tanoTva haaiara; Haldoraoo. 

IiOUBDLT, ado. Stapidlji aloggbhly, sot- 

arigjht hMo fallaa ao loiinfl^, yet woold aU the 
Waatana oh o iohaa aad tiia Biahoj^pea of Romo--haTe 

od(r haaoo aOmt ot ao aaorilegioaa * dero^atioa of 
filtih s hat alao hovo keeped atill oommiimoa with 
K aa j a riaa and tho Baateno ohurohea.*' Forbea, 
of P iifi ia Dooaitk a. 9. 

ItfOUMDimi #• Surly temper* 

nil Xji« Idwaid IjrUyly 
^B nrynoehad ^aDngydm tyiaadiy, 
Andm lif rfi iat hya lyiltè. 
Ihataald hawt 1mm of grato pyU. 

f fy oha a, viL lOi S7IL 

[LoUKDTf LouBDiBi adj. Slnggbli| lazy, 


ftMooh of blaod by ne'a hin spat» 

aeak not yoor death Ikae mee : 
I lather l0Mfrf it had been my ed, 

OaMmriM^ Rii$m*$A Anpa, iL 1Mb 

SaCR^*«wUMdr Bat itaanaa morale a tavtology, 
ÌMaw ajyufymg fwlMTf ao InaBry ioer* v • 
▼• I<uwafj>« 

To LOUSE, w. w. To lark. 

lalMt with fel Tenom Gofgomyne, 
Baeht Ant to Latiam, and the chimes hie 
• OfianentynefheKiiigiacheifdeU; 
Ind Pfiwly hefovth to wach and hurt 
Abon hit nooa Qaaaa Amataie boor. 

Awf . Ftiyil, 218, 81. 

— The Ok rnie peefflentiale that howe 
Wfd pitaely in the denw wod dyd Inert 
lb eaet oa thasM alely hyr tearal nee. 

Tho tenn aaema to bo atill uaad ia tUa aoaaa^ Fife» 
ao hi A. Doqglaa'a POoma, p. 141. 

Bate had been fcf««»'^*f«t ay b eft wo u 
An' in her bed laag hwrin,, 

Thia ia indeed allied to B. towro, tnair, to firown. 
aa Jan. aad Badd. oonjeotnra, in aa f ar aa they are 
both oonneoted with Teat. iDer-en. Bat tho B. word 
retaina one aanaab letortie oeolia intaeri, alao^ froatem 
oontimhere; the S. another, obeervare ineidioaob in* 
aidiari. Oerm. Itwr-cii, haa botii aenaee tneidiari i oIkh 
limia oeolia intneri ; whence faur, a Inrker. In other 
langnagee the ▼. ia oaed only in one aenaa; 8n.-0. 
JarNfly oonlia aariboaqno inaidiari ; lat bare, more alnri 
in inaidiia lotere ; Dan. btr-ert to Inik, to watch, to 
lie aneaking or in arnboah ; whence lur, an amboah, 
htfer, a Inrker. Thia ia ondoabtedly the origin of B. 
imri, which Seren. and Ihre both trace to Sa.-0. tnrk^ 
laL harkr^ moidicQa Tagaa, homo radia et anbdolna. But 
VereL expUuna lurkr, aa eimply simplifying o atafl^ dova, 
bacoloa. It ia the compound deeignatico, lurkr ianda* 
/aegiff which he rendere, mendicua ragna, coi in mann 
sefio^ ot rotondnpatero rel lagena, ad excipiendum 
potnm datum. Thie ie almoet the rery dseeription 
th«t a Scotsman would give of a durdu'htQgar ; 
one who wandm Uirough the country with o pike- 
ata£ and n can in !*»• hand, for raoeivinff hie flfwcti- 

LOUBSHOUTHER'D, adj. Bonnd-ahool- 
deredy Ettr* For. 

FhlMH;"!owtiali,cIowniaii,''Cotgr. laLlMr.iffnaTÌa; 
lar-o, ignarua haersre ; Imi, homo torma ot dieioimia ; 
lurg^t tergnm bmti hbauti. 

LOUSANCE, 8. A freedom from bondage. 

^'Itianota death, bat hummee;" H. Pror., ''that 
ia, a recoroiyof frsediom from bondage ;" Kelly, p. 54. 
This ia a Goth, word, with a Fr. termination. 

[LOUSE, 8. A rush, a race ; as, ^ He took 
a ^y lous€ doon the road, fin's maister gaed 
in/' OL Banffs.] 

To LOUSE, LowsB, v. a. 1. To unbind, S. ; 
the same with E. &k>88^ in its Tarious senses. 

2. To free from incumbrance in consequence 
of pecuniary obligation ; a forensic term. 

••Thoaaid WiUiam aaU haif of hie fador alaameklo 
land k annuel rent in life rent aa he had of before of 
him, or [before] the landie war humU, <mhilkia are now 
loweif, of tho qnhilkia landis the eaid WiUiam wea in 
BforsntbaCorathafeieiiN^.'* Act. Dool Cone, A 1494» 
p. 881. 

3. To take out of the hold of a ship ; the re- 
verse of HoWf and synon. with S. liver. 

" The king'a ^ipa are daily taking our Scottish ships, 
to the nnm Mr of 80 email and great ; . the v are had to 
Berwick, Newcaatle^ Holy Island, and such like porta. 
tiieir gooda looèed, aad inrentaried and doeely kept." 
Spaldmft i. 229. Here the orthography ie improper. 

4. To release ; as, to lome a paum^ to redeem 
a pledge, S. 

I do not know that any one of theee aignificationa, 
ia found in B. They ars^ at any rate^ orerlooked by 

5. To pay for ; as, ^ Oie me siller to loutt my 
coals at the hai,** Fife, Loth. 

*' Aa for the letters at the poet-mistrees'a— they may 
bido ia her ahop-wiadow— till Beltane or I looes tham.^' 







81. Bomb. LSI EwshlsnthtrimpropitlypriBlad 
iflw tto & orthQgnphj. 

lUi mm «f tfat ttmi ii appM«ntly borrowed from 
tfMit diMWiiiig Um redemption of • pledge or oeptÌTe. 

8b.^. l o m o, peooniA redimere. Zoem «i» ^Nmi; 
pifB« date peoaam rMipere, quod Jnrieoonealti Bo- 
■aaorom ^x&natptgnu§ imere; Ihra. Teak, leet a i, 

[To LoU8B| L0WBE9 on or ttpofu 1. To scold, 
to upbraid, Clydes^ Banffs. 

b tide eeoM it wae need bj Bone withovt the prep. 

Vor Fiddy B«rke» like 007 Tork, 

Hee merar bed ei e*, men ; 
la' Gbariie Tèz. tbiew by tbe bos, 

As tewV Ui ti&Uer Jew, men. 

S. To bemn to do any kind of work with 
ener^lad speed; as, <<He wisnnco bauch 
on't at first, bit fi^ he Unuet en % he cam 
a tearin' speed.** OLBan£Fs.] 

[LouBDr-TDCi^ «. The time of giving over 
wonCy S»j 

To LouBB, LowBi, «• fi. 1. To nnbind, to 
yield, a cow is said to be lawting^ when her 
ndder begins to exhibit the first appearance 
of having milk in it, Ayrs. 

2. To give over work of any kind, S. 

ni. To thaw, to yield; as, ''The frost's 
lautmr S.] 

LowBB Lkatheb. 1. A phrase nsed to denote 
the skin that hangs loose about the chops 
or elsewhere, when one has fallen o£F in 
flesh; as, '^fie's a hantle low§e leather about 
his chaf ts,** S. 

8a.^. Imi^ aotat id quod moDe ot ilaocidimi eet, 
eppoaitav^ae flrmo.el duo.— Xeeil JUff, corpoe fleod* 

S. transferred to those who set no guard on 
their talL 

**Toa havo o'er miofcle lom [r. loom or Icnete] feather 
aboal yoar lipe ;" S, Pror. ; ''epokea to them tbat 
eijthotbhigthetth^ehoaldnot^'' KeUy, p. 38. 

LowwB SiLLBB. Chan^, as distinguished 
from sovereigns or baiu: notes, S« 

8w. Im y e apy, obeafii smiJl money, ffar du nagoi 
iMilAetiiy/ BaToyoaeaycluuigeeboatyoaf Wideg. 

[To LOUSTEB, v. n. To idle about, to 
dawdle; partpr. louetrin^ used also as a tf^ 
Clydes. Y. IìOostbb.] 

To LOUT, LowT, V. n. 1. To bow down 
the body, 8. 

Bat Deiee welUs eboot nrcbt creftelle, 
— -Lerlnad fai bemet wecnis rooad ebout, 
Now tbie toeam, now by that way gen Umi, 
Qebeie beet be mey com to bit porpoii tone. 

S. To make obeisance* 

Aad qabea Dowalee mw bye eaawiyBg* 
He raid, ead beUiTt bym ia by, 
▲ad loip<y( bim ftul oofteely. 

Ìmòùmr, iL 164, Ma 

Here it is aeed aetiTeiy. R. Braaao eabjoias tha 
prepoei t ioa, p. 42. 

The folk vatflle Hamber <e Saeae gea tbei ÌouU 

Mmeoa meatjoae lotU ee now obeolete. It ie etiU 
aeed es a prorincial tenn, ▲• Bor. A.-8. AlH^aa, laL 
Sb.«Q. bio, Daa. /«d-er, iaoanrare ee i wheaoe luttr, 
bowed, eod U. leAiiey, which deaotee not oaly eab- 
mieeiOB, bat religioae worahip. SpelnL end Jan. view 
tiiteaetlieorigiaof O. B. htU^ lawt, aeabjeet, aeenreat, 
60m tlie hoaiege or obeimnoe reqaired bv hie eaperior. 
Bat it eeems lather from A.-S. Uod^ pleb^ popalae, 
Gena.l8a«c V . Spefaa. va Xeatiik. v. aleo U2n>ia- 


1« Having shoulders bending forward, round- 
shouldered, S. " 

S. Metaph. applied to a building, one side of 
which is not perpendicular. 

Vlt has been a eore heart to the worthjr people of 
Fort-GUifOW to thiak it ie a received opiaion,^thAt 
their beaatilal eteeple ie tomt'^homideredt when, in ftust, 
it ie oaly the towahoaee that ie lap'tkbd." The 
Steem-Boat, p. 119. 

To LouT€H, (pron. lodeh)^ v. n. 1. To 
bow down the nead, and make the shoulders 
prominent, Fife^ Clydes* 

2. To have a suspicious appearance, like that 
of one who is accounted a blackguard, ibid* 

3* To gang bnUehùC about. To go about in a 
loitering way, ibid. 

LOUTHE, $. Abundance, ITithsdale. 

** r the very fint pow I nt eie a huihe o' fieh that 
I earned tiU my book emeked aoaia." Bemaine of 
Nithedale Soog. p. 286. 

Allied perhape to leL likl (proa. fo«<2), proveataa 
annaae terree at oote gnuaea, ao., Haldoreoa ; aeae- 
fraotas territorii, naetoe qaem teUoe fort aanane, cam 
onmi aaafracta ; O. Andr. 

To LOUTHEB, v. n. 1. To be entangled 
in mire or snow, Aug. 

IbL hdra, demteena oedere, ati oaaee timidi, vei 
manetpa dam Tapalant ; G. Andr. ; leL Umi, limae, 
eoenam, aiigfat eeem allied. I snepect, however, that 
thie ie the eame with the v. Lswoia, q. ▼• 

2. To walk with difficulty ; generally applied 
to those who have short legs, Ang* 

Thie term is need in Fife^ and ezpL ae etgnifying 
".to move in an awkward and hobbung manner, ap- 
parently in haete, bat making little proareie.*' 

leL /flM/Mrmaa/evjiu, impotenter; ana lawf a i laea e io, 
defectae fortitndinie ; Haldorwn. 

Thie ie andoabtedly the eeme with Lewder, 

[3. With prep. 4dH}ot. To carry about any* 
thing with great difficulty. 

4. To remain in a place in idleness ; as, ^He 
diz naething .bit Uouther^boot at 
01. Banffs.J 




jAnmaMp «. A lujf idle^ good-for-nothiog 

Maonljr tl^T CMi 
AbMl thtir alMvtiMn ; 
At Mrtw oOlk lUk* hMU, nak' hMte, 

T« hqrMWrik A« Hm'MJtig, it 117. 

THrt; ImUv, aeuni ; mIniIo i hH loe durmm nif ho* 
^iXk^ tnm Ipfldr, •pnam ; hddare, impunis et 
>M tHMbfiuL O. Andr.; iMMisr^ atqiuiii, 
FnhMj AUitd to LotrraBB, v. 

ItfOUTHSBnr. Lquthesino, part. aJj. 1. 
Lmj; awkward, il huthering hizzie^ or 
faUoWp one wbo does aiiy thing in a lazjr 
and awkward manner, Fu e. 

p. Heafj, hunbering; walking with a heavy, 
laij itep^ Banffa. 

S. Uaed as a «*; the act of carrying, liftings 
or paaUng a tlung with difficulty, ibid.] 

XD» m^. Y. under Lout.] 

[LOUTS, a. j^ Milk, cream, Ac, poured 
into a jar pienooa to a chuming, Orkn.] 

^LOnVEB, a. The hurt of a hawk; Fr. 

of Ohmmi iSkmf hiKf dMc*t tiMiB dcaa, 
• likt to OMl of fld«ow tbftt panne 
A a%M of pkMBi thitMU^ tiM w«Uda blew ; 
Bio B|i^ ol ttie aad tlall that to Ueir tower, 
ftb n«o thiir Ufwl tliey liardly can recover. 

X Jlpy«r« 0€ardm tf Ziam, p. 26, 

LOYE-BEOOT, a. An illegitimate child, 


OHM tkit Malooliii, tiio Unt-httfU^" Ac. 
Aaftivniy. V. Low, «(f . onoo 0. 

LOYEDAEOy a. A piece of work done from 
a principle of affection, S. V. Dawerk. 

LOYE-DOTTEHEL, a. That kind of love 
winch old nnmarried men and women are 
aeiaed with. So. of S.; horn Doiier^ to be- 
come atnpid. 

LOVJfilT, LoTiTE, loviTT. A forensic 
tenn naed in charten, disjpositiona, proclam- 
atioos, Ac., expresrive of the royd regard 
to the person or perBona mentioned or ad- 
dressed, S* 

i% is proporij Um jMrrl^M. ngnifTuiff beloved ; bnt 
H ■ aiod 00 a 0. bou in oingnlor and pTonL 

•«1^ bio MojeotMo Xor^lf ' Alexander Belacbeo of 
1Mtfi^''*o. '^To bio Uonooloifittii^acbir Alex' LeaUo 

m, BolgOBio knyt.-«ad damo Agnee Benton bio 

ifovkrao. Aoto Cha. L, Ed. ISlCv. 632. 63a. 

** Wo— bono in fiuioario of oor LouiUi§, tbo pnmeat 

of Sonetondroit for wo and oor ancoea- 

ia perpotaollio doolari V Ae. Acto Jo. VL, 1678^ 

Id. laH ^ 108. 

▲.-& hfid^ gt-hfad^ dilootaa. 

IX)YENS, LovENENS, interj. An exclama- 
tion enresrive of surprise; sometimes with 
A preued, aS| Eh tavern^ Roxb. 

LovEAKENDiE, intefj. Tlio same with the 
preceding torm, Galloway. 

** .^eoooiMMlii / an oxcdoBialiQB. O I staroBao." GalL 

Xooenoila is naod in tbo aomo aonao, Etir. For. and 

It mmr psriumo bo areUqno of A.-S. Lf^ne, Domine ; 
or allied to Ut^wehd, aratna, acceptna, q. le^utnd us^ 
**niako no aooepted.*'^ In the latter fonn» it might 
ooem to oonjoin tbo ideaaof life and death ; from A.-S. 
teo/'Omp vÌTore^ and emU datg, diea mortia. 

LOVERIN-roDLES, interj. Viewed as a 
sort of minced oath, similar to Loih t ex- 
pressive of astonishment at any thing, Soxb. 

A.-S. hJUtford in Ajfeie^ q. Lord boTo no in biding I 

v. HiDDILS. 

LOVERS-LINES, a. pL Stone-crop, Wall 

Ennywort, Eidneywort| an herb, Sedum* 


Hm Snmda gave them bait laid to laip ; 
Thair MOffy wet na leuL 

^i^o^vao^oov ■ 4i^wv#w^wov^o^^^p 4 ^^99^99% a^v a^^^v 

*' Tboir dooira woo not diminiabod ; tboir tbirat waa 
inaatiablo." Loid Hailea. 
Xil^Vvqf ooonxa in tbo aamo poema. 

Orit God rdlef IfaifaTotoar Qnene ; 
For ud echo war aa acho hat bane, 
Sebo wald be lerger of h^jf 
Than all the kif that I of mene. 
For kmaa of thia aew-yair day. 

P. 168, at la 

It aaemo to bo tbo aamo word that ooenra in both 
pUoea, aa aifnifying 6o«iif|fa in wbieb aenae Lord Hailea 
randan it in tbo latter poaaago» from F^. Vi^ffrt. 
If 00 in tbo fonnor, it ia need ironically. It 
ma>7 bo allied to 8n..O. hufr, qni aliia blandttiia meacat, 
from Imft coma ; or from Uifwa^ to extend the band in 
token ol onaagemont ; a derivatiTe from U^fiot^ S. Utfe^ 
the polm of uio band ; wheneo 8tt.-0. fcr4i^fieart^ a 
anrefyy one wbo *' atrikea banda with " another. 

LO VE-TR YSTE, a. The meeting of lovers, 

"All tbtnga change that live or now bcaide thee, 
from tboao breathing and amtling ana joyona imagea of 
God mnning gladaome on thy banka to the decaying 
tree that bna ahelterad beneath ito green bougha the 
toff -ityaCfa of many genentiona.'* flack. Mag., July 
1820, p. 374. 

[LOVINO, LovTNG, a. Praise, praising, a.] 

{LOVIT,pra<. and pari. pa. V.nnderLouR, 
Love, r.] 

LO VrrCH, adj. Corr. from E. lavish, Fife, 

To LOW, V. a. To higgle about a price. 

To LOW, V. n. To stop, to stand still ; used 
in a negative sense ; as, ** He never lowè 
frae morning till night,^ Dumfr. 

Thia aeema eqnÌTalent to tbo vnlgar pbraae, ** bend- 
ing a bongh," 8. 




8b.-0w ka, hndUfc I And th» «. only in T«at. 
fMMJ 1, Mtnd«l«% d«wUM«| and in 0. B. Isif. to 



(To LOW9 «• o. To pniae; jkiK. pr. tawand, 
pnisiiig^ Barbour, TiiL 877. Y. Lovb» o.j 

[To LOW9 v» a. To aUoWy gruit» permit, 

PjOWAKCB, «• Allowance, dole, pension; 
alMH permiaaion, ibid.] 

To LOW, t. n.' 1. To flame, to blaze, S. 
partpr. towm. 

Ak 1 wkA ooa'd tan tlM bHmtiei of iNT ft(M r 
H« iMVtlL thtti B«v«r op'd but wi' a gnoe f 
H« MB. wlikk did with iMATMlj ipttklAs low f 
Hot ■odMt ehtak, aoih'd with a iwie glowf 

4 Rmmmi^B Jhtmu, iL 17. 

Ihajr ham b«t, to dolh diy hraom kowM. 

dflowTf ^0t9i$m n. 81b 

9. To flame with rage, or any other passion, S. 

MylravMt Hmm oI thto, and I lowi 

A valfMT BMido of ■poieii for law, 
Qowtr warn kwdk m mgùljÌBig ItimiUt, 

flor ho that hyo haitM I9i0i<4 
With lyry dart, whieha ha throwoth, 
Ckpido; whieha of hma it god. 
1m ahaati i/B ga hath ■adi a rod 
Todiyao awiqr htr waatouMMs. 

GbV. Aw^,, FoL 70^ a. 

8. Used to express the parching effect of 
great thirst, S. 

Wr tha eaold tliotai ihe mMBcht htr iowoM drowth, 
gpao* tiio aatto btRyi aat a footh, 
that black aa' lypo vpo' tha boahaa glow, 
àad waio BOW WMor'd wl' tho afoniiurdew. 

itaai'a AUmof^ nrtt Edit, p. 68L 

U. ka^ 8a.-0. Ioom, aidoiob flagraroi Alom. 
logkmU^ famniaBk V. tho a. 

Low, LowB, «• !• Flame, blaze, S. A. Bor. 

Ha mar may la omui [tft] aa oowyr 
Thaa low, or rok aaU it duoowrr. 

AbAomt, ir. 184, Ma 
Tho iMiaad km aono laaanrt apon hTcht 

Wmiam, viL 42», Ma 

or UilitBao aal thou aa a tea: 
Uonathaa thoo aal thi-aalton kaowa. 

r«ao6M^T.t4a JtU§m'$B.M.Rom,,L 15. 
Tkk tmrm ooeoia in a 8. Pror. ofton vaod by ooo- 

Ihar^a Uttio wladoai fai hit pow. 
Who Ughta a candla at tho (ow. 

Mora ooauBoaly ; «*Thon ia littlo wUintke pow,** 
O.S. lawt. 


or laioe. Flamma." Prompt. 

Phrr. **£oim0« or lomyngo of ilro. Flammacic^lb. 

This WORI oridantly ontora into tho formation of 
A Bor. £Mlf49m, ''a SelUbteiz, a oomfortablo blase ;** 
Ray'a OolL, p. 47. Tho orijpn of iWp ia not ao obvioua. 
Bat it ia moot probably q. Ifs^jr, from A. -8. Uq, flamma, 
IB pL folgnr, b^htniiu^a ; and lie, aimilia. LMk would 
thna bo, flammaa^ Torfalgari, aimilia. Thia otymon 
iadood Biakoa tho torm rednndant Bat thia ia very 
oo tBBi oa IB oompooito tonna. 

Laife, Boat and Sooth of B., aeema the relique of 
A.-S.I89. BayozpLit; •'aaXoioein the North, the 
flamo of fii^ IbidL, p^ 104. 

2. Used metaphor, for rage, desire, or love. 

That, qood AywrtMoe, ia traw ; 
Wm flattarit Um qohao flrat he ilaw ; 

irai aat him la a few. _ 

Cacrrw ami Am, at 54. Ev t t yrmn , U. 188. 

lat Dan. ioge, 8a.-G. kga, loflfio, Alem. kmffa^ Germ. 
kkà, id. Perhapa tho oommon oriain ia Moea.-0. Rmw 
on, Inoore, whenoo Uttkati, ignio, iro. Oar torm haa 
laaa afflni^ to A. «8. 1^, lig, lUnima, than to an^r of the 
raat. It may bo obaorrod, that laL /o^-o, aiflnifiea, to 
diminiah. to dilapidate, to oonaiitM ; bat whether allied 
to kge^ Ìmom, aeema doabtfaL 

Janioa haa a earioaa idea with raapeet to Qoth. or- 
kg, battle, a word that haa neatly panled etymologiata. 
Ho Tiewi it ao oompoaed oi or, great, and %• flame, q. 
tho gmUJkum that ozteiida far and wide. Etym. to. 

[LOWANCE, f. Allowance. V. nnder 
.Low, v.] 

[LOWAND, pari. pr. Praising. V. under 

To LOWDEN, 9. ft. 1. Used to signify that 
the wind falls, S. B. 

2. To speak little, to stand in awe of another, 
I S.B. It is also used actively, in both senses. 
^ The rain will lowden the wind," Le., make 
it to fall ; and, ** He has mi something to 
lounUn him ;** or, to bring him into a calm- 
er state ; S. B. V. Locrx, adj. 

I am BOW ntiified that thia word, thoa|;fa aynon. 
with Lotm, ÌM ladieally diffcrant ; aa Id. A/icNf a-a aig- 
nifieo triatari, domittm Tooem ; and kiiod-r ia taci- 
tamna: Haldoraon. Tola i MMi, aabmiaao loqai, 
ibid. It ia aingnlar that thia ahoald be an obliqae aae 
of JUitfi, aoond. 

LOWDER, LOUTHERTREE, $. 1. A wooden 

lever or hand spoke used for lifting the 
miU-stones, S. 

Into a grief he peat her frae,— 
And in a feiry nrry 
Ran to the niiU and feteht the kmUr, 
Wherawith he hit her oo tho show'der. 
That he dangt a to draah like powder. 

Waimm'9 ColL, L 44. 
In Stirlingriiiro lootkrkk, aa it ia pronoanoed, and 
kwder in Moray, aignify a wooden loTor. It ia, beyond 
a doabt, orimnally the aame word. 

In tho Old OroaoFSauntjr, or QM^emSemg of the 
Northern nationa, liUkr nsniflea a hand-miln. Thaer 
at lathri Ukldar vara; "Tliey wero led to the qaern.'* 
In imiitÌTO it ia huhttr; aa in the next atanza. 
Thia iaalao written Lewder, q. t. 

2. This, pron. leteder^ or lyowder^ is used to 
denote any long, stout, rough stick, Aberd. 

3; A stroke or blow, Bucluin. 

Can thia be derived from laL kdr, moU, molitoria ? 
(G. Andr.) perhapa for molUmu. 

LOWDING,#. Praise, q. tiiirffwy. 

Qahat pme or kwding, qohea the battle tads, 
la aayd of him that oTeroomaa a man ; 
Him to deflend that nowther do«r nor can ? 

Memrjfmme, JStergrttH, L 199L 




LOWE|«. Love. 

AiiiMj wt lO to tht Ibkar abov, 
Milk IM to bMd of JostrjE th« ImUal^ 
Ikil IM ft pMd off hit te httoBd |0M«. 

XX) WIE, «. A dxone. a large, soft, lazy per- 
ioiit Boxb^ evidentljr from tiie same ongin 
with lag^ M. 

iHyina-UBBBn, •• One that hangs on abont 
kitdiensi ibid. 

liOWiuio^ jMfi. adj. Idling lounginj^ ibid. 

I^WINS, :jiL Liquor, after it has once 
passed throndi the stilly Fife ; either a 
corr. of the £• phrase hw wineM ; or, as 
has been supposed, because of the lawe or 
flame which the spirit emits, in this state, 
when a little of it is cast into the fire. 

T^ ptato of wMl-boOl loUd sowtos,^ 
flifat dowB wl' wImt, or whid^ lowMit, 


MO hm m^ tbo wntdL— 

A* WiUtm*9 P mimt 1790^ p^ VL 


LOWIS»#. The isknd of Lewis. Y.Lbws. 
LOWJUS^ •• Lncca, in Ital j. 

•« ItoB, zi4 ototo of btok HlToto of lowiit.*' In. 
¥MtotiB% A. 1M2« p. 102. 

Thto sooBs to bo mooiit of Lnoos, tho Mottal of tho 

osmII imbUo of tho aaino namo Itoly : n. Lveques, 

' TbonfeUtokdonoauiiAtodLiienioif. Itiooelobratod 

for th* Boot qnoatity of otaflo of oUk, which are mado 

bj ito iahsbitMito. V. Diet T^or. 

IjOW-LIF£D, adj. Mean, having low pro- 
pensities or habits, S. 

L0WN,a4f. Cahn^ftc V.Loun. 

[IX>WN. t. A low person, a rascaL V. 

IiOWNDBEB,«. A bu7 wretch. 

— BofnwoBd thanM m lottia wyloi 

SfM thai msfoht dovtlM hot pvylo 

^fA thaaM rad all thars lynyigo, 

That loidiehipa wya to hMyUgo, 


▲ad Ino aa tamidnri§ caytleTèlT. 

Wynl^WH ii. a 108L 

**Q. iDoidaaor. 800 Xonnfonc^" QL Stbb. B«t 
wHh tor mora reaoon, Mr. MaoPhanon dorivaa it from 
Tost, hmderer^ conctator, dilator ; to ticier-€M» ounctari, 
\ Tho offimn 18 probably So. -O.tofMiymtaTallum. 
Id. Hd-bmd^ ozpoetatio^ mora» VoreL ; mora 
M^ Ihra ; tha timo that any 000 ia aUowod to 

[IX)WNG, $. The lung, Lyndsay, CompL 
Fkpyngo^ 1. 1124.] 

[LÒWP, •. and #. V. Loup.] 

[LOWRANCE, «. The fox, Ljudsajr, The 
Dreme^L 895; commonly as in next word.] I 

LOWRIE, Lawrie, s. 1. A designation 
given to the fox ; sometimes used as a kind 
of surname, S. 

nMB noa tho la w M, and Qk s^ping eoof, 
Wad rto aboat him, and had oat thair looH 
M. Am toit as flem skip to the toto of woo, 
WhUk slas Tod LawrU bads without his mow. 
When he to diown them, and his hipa to oool, 
to loflunflr days slides backwsid to a pooL 

He said ; and roond the conitien all and each 
AppUndsd LanarU for his winsome speech. 


2. A crafty person ; one who has the disposi- 
tion of a fox. 

Had not that Uessit baine bene borne, 

LonoTUMt yoor Uoes had bene forlona 

For all your Msa. 

The legend of a lymmeris lyfli 
Oor Metropolitane of FyÌTe \-^ 
Ane Iswnmd towrit Ucheroos ; 
Ane fids, forioppen, fenyeit freier, àe. 

LowuE-LiKE, adi. Having the crafty down- 
cast look of a K>x, Clydes. 

The name Tad Lowrie iaffivoa to thia animal in S., 
to tha samo nmnnor aa to & ha ia called Jieunard the 
/boq, and parhapa tor a aimilar laaaon. Tho latter 
deaignation ia immediately from IV. renard^ a fox. 
Thia Mena^ dorivaa from niposo, a name p[ivan to tho 
fox to Spam and Portugal, from rabo, a tail; aa ho 
suppooea that Reynard haa reooivod this deeuiiiation 
from the grosaness of hia tail. Bat what afimitv ia 
there between raposo and rtnard. It ia worth whito 
to attend to the prooeis, that tho reader may have 
aoma idea of tha paina that aome ot^olqgiata have 
taken, aa if mtantionallv, to bring ridionlo on thia im- 
portant branch of phitofo^. 

Thia woid moat na aabjectod to fivo diitorent trana- 
mntationa, before it can decently asaome tho form of 
remard. The fox himaelf, with all tha craft aacribed 
to him, ooold not anoma ao great a Tariety of ahapes, 
aa Menage haa given to hia name. Rapomt ia the ori- 
gmof Mmard, '*Tho change," ho eaya, "haa been 
oflbot o d to thia manner ; J2!a/)Oio^ rapotH*^ rapoaintu^ 

Tlio anthor ooply anbjoina; "Thia etymon die- 
pleaaea ma not. On tha oontrary^ I am extremely well 
pleaaed with it" 

Bot it would be omel to torture Reynard himself 
00 nnmarcifolly, notwithatandmg hia accamulated 
viOaniea. The writer had no temptotion whatsoever 
to do anoh violenco to hia name. For thia torm, 
like many othera to tha Fr. langnaga, ia ondonbtedly 
of Goth, origin. laL reNitcto signifiee a fox, from 
mail*, crafty, to which Germ. nMwto^ Dan. rtnì^ 
frandee, versutiao, correapond. 

Hisp. rapoto may be from Lat. rap^^ -ert^ to anatoh 
away, or Su.-G. riff^ IsL ixA^, a fox, whence perhapa 
rO^MT, tachnaa, deoepttonea, atratagema. Hire men- 
tiona Para. ronooA, Fenn. rsicoa, aa alao denoting thia 

Henqraono expcaaeea hia S. deeij;nation, aa if ho had 
▼lowad it aa tha oonunon diminutive need for the pro- 
per name Xaavrraee. But for thia anppoaition, if 
really made by him, there ia no foundation. Speaktog 
of the fox, he saya ; 

Lawftiku the sctis and the proceis wrait 

M^vai^e^wse^y aw 4» a^wew^ s^a a^v^jb w^v ^^a 




Tkfa ^Mi to whak h» had fc f wly mid | 

PMdvli Mid Boter 1b thst flVM^ 

P. 110^ It & 

iBii^t MMD lomMa ntm GonL fii€ni| Ann* 
imam, ▼vJpm- Bat it ia more probably of Goth, 
ostnet It hM hma mob, that Fr. mutrd appeu* 
nmstlj aIIM to aomo Northern tmne denoting creft. 
Ihin thinks that the fox in Moee.-0. waa denominated 
JmÀùp fctMB iti/ow or veUow cokwr, and that henoe 
iti Gemaa nameykdU u formed. But Waehter, with 
mater ptobahili^, deduoea the latter, whence E. /ox^ 
nom/aJicn, dolo eapere, laL/MB-o, deeipein,,^flB, (alBe ; 
aa» foap Jbx, a Calae tale; VereL It ia therefore pro- 
baUe^ mm analogy, that /ewrteowea ita origin to aome 
root expraaaiye ofdeoeption. 

tthU haa materially gÌTon the a am e et y mon that had 
ooomiTed tome i **Tent. larer, fraudator ; iorerye, fraua, 
Un, iUeoebra.'*. The deaignation may have been 
immediately formed from oar old ▼. loarv, to lark, q. ▼. 
I need only add to what ii there aaid, that Fr. Uurr-tr 
and B. Im; are eridently oognate tenna. Not only 
Teat, lortr, bat Ìoer, denotee one who laya snarea. 

It ia impoaaiUa to aay, whether the tenn haa been 
lint mlied to the loac, or to anj aitfal pereon. Ita 
near afluiity to the t. loatv wonkT aeem to render the 
hUMer moot probable. 

LOWBYDy adj. Sarlj, ungrvcious. 

Bet this abbot was menyiicert, 
lUa kyng made hym bot fomrf/d 
Nowthtr to mete na meniMwry 

OiDyd thai thia abbot Dmi Henry. 

ITyn&WH vUL la 116L 

B^ the aenae ffven to thia Mr. MaoPherMm aee ma 
new it aa aUÌM to the B. T. 

to Tiewit aaaOied to the E. t. ieiotr, to appear i^oomy. 

LOWTm; adi. Heavy and inictive; as, 
«« a lomtHB fallow,'' Fife. 

BL kml, O. Teat. ÌmU^ homo inaalaaa, atolidaa. 

[LOWTYTy mi. Made obeisance to, Bar- 
boor, iL 154* v. Lout, v.] 

[LOWTNO, #. Praise. V. Lovixo.] 

LOT, adj. Sluggisb, inactive; Ang. 

Thia ia oiarely Belg. Iiqr, laay, Fenn. hÀ^ id. lal. 
Im, fatigaab and faen. weary, aeem allied. Henoe, 

L0TNB88, f • Inactivity, Ang* Belg. luyheU, 
LOTESTER, $. A stroke, a blow, Buchan. 

M. ietrtnii, Torbe ra taa. percaaaaa. Thia ia the part. 
pOb of ftrnla, hnx% Terlierare. Henoe^ i^fderikoegtf, m 
atroka with a atiek given from above. 

[LOTM, LoTMiN, t. A limb, Glydes.; fete- 
mta, Banffs. V. Leobubn.] 

LOYNE, 9. Used for S. Loam, Lane, an 
opening between fields. 

"And all and aandrie maree» moesia» waiat groand, 
eoBMwn wayea, loyaci^ and Ttheca oomonntiee,** kc 
Aeti Gha. L, Ed. 1814» T. M. 

LOZEN, •• A pane of ^lasfly S^ corrupted 
from lozenge; so called from its form. 

>4pider webs, hi doauu, 
Hlag Biirfc akhoft the winaock aeoks, 
llaist dark'aiag ap the itmeiu. 

jL. Wii$m'9 FomM, me, ^ 7». 

[LozENOKR, e. A lozenge. W. and N.E. of 



[To LU, V. ft. To listen, ShetL Dan. fye, 

LUB, «• A thing heavy and unwieldy, Dumf r. 

C B. Ooòb aa nawialdy lamp. 

LUBB A, «• A name given to coarse grass of 
any kind ; Orkney. 

"Aa to htUa,— they are eovered with heath, and 
wliat we oall /«66a, a aort of grma which feeda oar 
cattle in the anmmer time ; it flenerally oonaiata of 
different apeciea off carioee, plain bent, and other moor 
gFaaeeB.** P. Binay, Statiat Aco., zir. S16k 

laL imhbe conveya the idea of roogh, hiraataa ; hta 
faòòe, bdeti Tel fungi apedee ; O. ijidr., p. 171» e. 2. 
He derivee it from Iq^e, haereo^ pendalaa laoer earn. 
Dan. Im, iuv, the nap of ck>thee ; i«66eii, groee. 

Jn IbL lnAòe we perceive the origin of E. iubber. For 
it ie aleo rendered, hiraataa at incomptna nebalo ; q. a 
' nmch iaUjf'keadii Unm, 8. 

Thii term appean nearly in ita primitive Qoth. fonu 
in O. E. 

Hermete an bcape, with hoked ataoan, 
Wenten to Walaingbam, k her weDchee after. 
Cheat leiiòte a keg, that kith were to Bwinke, 
Clothed hem ia craee, to be knowen from other. 
And ehopen hem henneti, her eem to bane. 

'^ P, PkmgkmaH, Sign. A 1, b. 

Labberly feOowa aaeamed the eaoerdotal dreee, or 
appeared aa hermite, becaaaa they were anwilling to 
wmmket ie., to labonr. 

LUBBERTIE, adj. Lazy, sluggish. Loth. ; 
Lubberly, £• 

Jaaiaa derivee E. /aAficr from Dan. laUed, fat» groee. 
(The word, however, ia lM66ea.) Haldoreon givee the 
B. term aa aynon. with laL IMtiy which primarily aig- 
nifiee hiraataa, ahaggy like a dog; and in a aeoondary 
aenae, eervaa ignavoa. 

[LUBBO» t. A meal-measure veiy neatlv 
made of bent, Orkn.; Da. UMh-eni Isl. 

LUBIS, LuBTES, LuBBis, adj. Of or be- 
longing to Lubec. 

''AnathoaaandÌKdifet etok fiah ieanelaat. Item, 
Twentie foar hering barellia fall of corn ia ana laat, 
and aachtene boUia in Jdoaeeeae.** Balfoar*a Pract. 
Coatamee, p. 88. 

Stock fiah caaght in the galf of Lvhte, which forme 
part of the Baltic. 

~«sj /^aooieeh.** ShUItngi of Lnbeo; Aberd. Reg. 
Cent. 16. "zzmerkia^oMr." Ibid. 

[LUBTT, adj. Lukewarm, ShetL] 

LUCE, s. Scurf, Ettr. For.; the same with 

OeneraUy need in relation to tiie head ; bat, accord- 
ing to M*Taagart, a^died diffsrently in Galloway. 
^' Luce^ a Mae nwtter which ia acraped off the face 
hiahaving;" OalL Enqret 

LUCE, 9. Brightness, Ettr. For. 

Thie ia aadoabtedly allied to Fr. /oevx, fofio, bright, 
ahining. Bat perhape it oaght to be traoed to leL /mm, 
8n.-G. /iiM^ lax, lamen of which A. -8. Ikm, i la mm^ , 
ia evidently a cognate. 

LUCHKTAEH, «. The name given to the 
body-guard of a chief in the Hebudae. 





«ird X«eMlfl<t or OiianI dt eofp^^ who alwayB «t- 
iHdod lào okiiflMii ot hooM and ftbrood. Tliey wwe 
voU tmia'd la wiMiaging tho owoid and tho iM^vty in 


CM. oddbiti Mtonl taniM which Mtm «1- 

Mil MU^ folk% poopki oquÌTalmt to F^. tfeiM/ 
AmMN^ wiiinn I Aidbl-coiiNAaMÌaeAd^ id., Mrrmnte in 
waitiii| Of thi loMar Imehktaek ■•ami a oormptioB. 
■mo&Oj aa thara ara aatanl <|aiaaoaiit kttoia in 
AMidiOBMiMcladkdk in pconQndatio& it would aaam 
to Iha aar of a atrangar, q. ht d JuUaieh, It maj ba 
ahaarvad, thai hiekd ia obriooaly from tha aaoia origin 
with U. fiod; fifi, M, pcmoliia. oomitatoi, militaa ; 
whMaa Bwal prabablv So. JQ. lyd^^ obay, lif^aehUg^ 
abadaani^hiaatatoofanbjaotion. V. Lni^ «. 

LUCHT, LuoBTy «. A lock of hair, Ettr. 

''Hoat fio I Wha orar aaw joong ohiaUa haa aio 
Aialfi 0^ jpoOow hair hioging flaaing in tha wind?" 
fMb of Haa. iiL SOi. ^ '' 

8a.-G« kigg, villas flooona qoioanqao ; 

LUOHTER, 9. ** An handf al of com in the 
ttrftw;'* GhlL EncycL; merely a variety of 

LUOK^ #• Upon lyelf$ ksadf on chance, in a 
wi^ of peraaTentore. 

ittofhialofo.^ BathTIatt., P. ii» cp. 8& 

To LuoK, «• fi. To have good or bad f or- 

alroart haa pviaht. pait prtvaild, 
Alyta an caaaot Imc*. 

Cfttrrit OM^dfai^ It ion 

Thaa. oaoaia hi aa aetiTo aanaa in O. K, "I ÌMete 

tf^ 1 nako hyu laokya or happya. — Ha ia a happy 

panoab lor ha bukeik aaaqr plaoe ha oomath in ;— fi 

a a ai a toataa laa plaoea oa d aa trenna.*' Palttr., B. 

iiL.r. n^bk 

Ibal g i$ hidt t Hf 8a.-0. ^fct-at, laL teUt-ati, Dan. 
IgÈè-m^ to proapar. Ihrs danvaa lifdt-aa, from Uk-a, to 
pkoaai aa Waahtir, abtek^ fortona^ frooi pleieAea, 
wfaiah ia ^yaoB. with liro. 

LuoK*PSNinr, •• A nnall snm giyen back 
bj the person who receives money in conse^ 
qnence of a baigain, S. lueke-pway^ S. B. 

** A diofar had aoldaoma thaap in tha OraBa-mariLat 
haft Wadnatdav moraing. — In tha aftanoon tha 
draffor raoiiTad nia paymant from tha batohar'a wife, 
and aol oaly want away oontant, bat rstaraed a 
thtDiagaaAKe-jwaiiy.*' iSdin. Evan. Cooiant^ 28 Oct., 

TUa oaalooa haa originated from tha anpentitiooa 
Man of ito anaaring goSd hidt to the poichaaer. It ia 
aow priaoipally rnunad in aeUing honea and eattle. 
8a diadv doàa tha moat oontemptible anperatition 
taka hoM of tha mind, that many, even at thia day, 
woald aol reekon that a bargain would prober, were 

[To LUCK, V. a. To entice, to entreat. 
ShetL ÌA. toko, Jim. lokke.iL'l 

IaJJGKES; parL pa. 1. Closed^ shut up, 

Nellv'e gtwiy, salt, aad gay, 
Fresh at the7u«ibea flowers ia May. 

nò6y FowUr, StrdiOoO., iL 101 

Hia term ia ratatnad in Yorka. ** Luekei^krùii^d, ia 
hanging knit-brows." CUt. Dial. 
Ludten-^amdedt having the fist oontraeted, tha fin- 

rra being drawn down towards the palm of the hand, 
**oloee fisted," OL Shirr. •* Henoe," aaya Rudd. 
▼o. Louk,^'* ike man wUh the lucken hand in Th. Rhy- 
mer'a Prophedea, of whom the orediUoiia vulgar expect 
grsat thin^" The same ridiculous idea, if I mistake 
not, prevails in the North of Ireland. Thia man ia to 
hold tha horsea of three kings, during a dreadful and 
eventful battle. I am not certain, however, if this re- 
markable person doea not rather appear with two 
thamba on each hand. 
Xmdben-laerf, also^ badben'/ooted, web-footed, having 
N tha toea joined by a film, a 

^ «*Thia ^nrtor maritimua insnlaa Bass] ia palmipea, 
that* a tmim-fooied" Sibbald'a Hut Fife, p. 100. 

Chancer naes <ol;ea in a similar sense. " Loken in 
ivaty lith, " oontraeted in every Umb. Nonne'a Preeatoa 
T.A ▼. 14881. 

2. Webbed, 8. 

The teal, iaseosate to her haptsss fate, 
At setting SUB, amidit the loosened ioe 
Her station talGes. The lapper'd ioe. ere mom, 
Oaaaatiog firm, tnn shore to shore mvolves; 
Her iadhm flbsti ftst ftosen in the flood. 

Ia Jad|^ iii. 18^ wa read of "a maa left-handed." 
laHaKitia, ^'aiUrtof hiari^thand." 

3. Locked, bolted. 

Bodd. thinka that "tha Lueken haoik$ in Edinburgh 
have their name, beeauaa they stand in the middle of 
tha Higha fa aàt^ and almost joyn the two sides of it." 
TOi Xoicè. But the obvious reaeon of the designation 
ia, that theae bootha were diatinguiahed from others, 
aa being ao formed that they mi^^t be iodbed during 
ajriit» or at the pleasure of the possessor. 

A.^. loeen, aiffnifies claasura, retinaculum. But the 
tonn ia avidenuy the part, of /ae-oa, to look. V. 
Lome, V. 

To LucKEN, LuKEir, V. a. I. To lock, S. 

-Baith our hartis ar ana. 

Lnknifi in Infls cheoe. 

SeoU, CSkroa. & P., m. 109. 

8. Metaph. nsed to denote the knitting of the 
brow8| as expressive of great displeasure. 

Hii trosW-tnie twa-haanit glaive 

Afore him swaog he maafUlie, 
While eager Ineken'd his dark brows, 

And liloi a wood-wolf gUast his ee. 

Jamiisim'9 FopuL Ball, ii 173L 

Thia V. ia formed from the part. Lueken, 

3. To gather up in folds, to pucker; applied 

''Haddo prepared himself nobly for death, and 
eaased make a syde Holland cloth sark, lueknU at the 
head, for his winding-sheet." Spalding, ii. 218. 

** LueknU, gatherà, applied to gannent[s]." Gl. 

To liXSCKESf V* n. To adhere, to grow closely 
together. A cabbage is said to lueken^ when 
it grows firm in the heart, Ettr. For. 




LuoKBH, $. A bog^ Ettr. For. 

LUOUBN, •• ''An im^lit haddock half diy;** 
OL Simr. Morajr. Lueken-kaddoek^ id. 

II aeena to iMCftlIedliieÌaeis aa opposed to thoot thai 
■1« tpitt or opmad upt 

Lucxxn-broVd, adj. Having the eye-brows 
cloae on each other. Loth., I orks., id* 

II it raokonad % good ommi, if ono meet a peraon 
of thia appearaaoa aa the /nt fooit or fiivt in the 

LuOKENorLuKiKGowAN. The globe flower, 
S. TrcAios Earopaeos, Linn. ; q. the locked 
or Cd>bage daisy. V. Liohtfoot, p. 296. 

The bloaaoBi of the glohe-6ower or Atdbm-OMMm 
ezpaoda 011I7 in bright aanahino. In dall or oloiidy 
weather, it renaine cto ae d , and fonna acomplete ^he. 

Thia might aeem to reoeÌTe ite name trom Teat. 
L euadi 

, to ahttt np^ q. to ioek ; in the same 
aa the Wood Anemone, A. nemoroea. ia in aome 
myrta of Sweden ealled Hwit lotkor^ and in othera 
Znd^ baeanaa it ahnta ita flower^dniing rain. Floe aob 

plaTin oaato ohMiditnr ; linn. Flor. Soec, No. 485. 

Let aU tiie atrmtit the oonien, and the lewia 
Be atrowd with leavea, and Sowrat of divan hewis ;— 
With mint and medwortt, aeemlie to be aeen, 
And liiftiii jetMnia of the medowea gieeib 

HuMM, Ounm. & P., UL S79. SSa 

Wan pen the daiiiea on the green, . 
The ladhm fnaant free the bog. 

^9 Pom§» il 

LUCKEE, LucKT, •• 1. A name given to an 
elderiy woman, S. 

Aa they draw neer, theT heard aa dderin dtj, 
Singing iUl tweet at miUdngof her ky.— 
Ana iMekif ahoitly foUow'd o*er the gate. 
With twa aiilk backeU frothily o'er, and bet 

ileM'a if ebnere; pi 77. 

How doee anld honeet fudiif of the glen f 
To look baith hale and lUr at threeaeore-ten. 

itoaiaq^a PooNf, ii. ML 

Jhir o^g^l to be /eer or /« 

S. A grandmother, OL Shirr., often luekie^ 
mmnjff S. B. ibid. 

m aaawer, aiae, Gee Uae ye'ir f «dhf. 
She dwA 1' Leith. 

Jtoauoy'a /Vmu^ iL 86L 

** A oanl phraee^ fkom what riae I know not ; bat it 
ia mado naa of when one thinke it ia not worth while to 
giro a direct anawer, or think themaelree fooUahly ao- 
"- Ibid.K. 

Perhapa it aignifiea, that the peiaon eeeme to hare 
got no mora to do than to make lore to hie yromf-moCArr. 

Imekk-daddk, gnndCather, 8. K 

We ahoa'd reapeot. deeily belov'd, 
Whato'or by breath of Ufa U diotU 
Vbat, *tia at^Jatt ; and, teooadly, 
— Tia enel, and a craelty 
By which we era azooo'd (0 aad I) 
Ta eel perhape oar tuekjf dad. 

JUmmi^s Fotm$, ÌL 607. 

The gmtlee a* ken roan' about. 
He waa aiy Iwckihdtddjf, 

Pomma •» Me BmAom Diateet, pc 15L 

•«Ha'd yoor leaL fadUe daddie, old folk ara not 
faery t" 8. PkOT. Kelly, p. 164. 

8. Used, in familiar or facetious language, in 
addrening a woman, whether advanced in 
life or not| S. 

Well, Xneiy, mya he^ haa ye try^d yoor hand 
Upon yoor iwk» aa X gra yea eoiamand t 

ilcM^a ffabneri^ p. UOl 

4. Often used to denote ^ the miatress of an 
ale-houae,'' S. V.OLBoaa. 

It did ana good to ice her atoola. 

Her boQid, flie ikle, and fiMiog-toola ;« 

Poor fhonca now may chew pca-hoola, 


** Lmekg Wood kept aa ale-hoaae in the Ganonoato ; 
waa mnoh rc a peet e d for hoepitality, honeety, ana the 
neatnem of her perran and hooae.*' N. ibid., p. 227. 

[5. Used as a name for a witch in ShetL V. 

The eoaroe ia anoertain. Originally, it may hare 
been merely the B. adj., need in oonrteev, in addrmaing 
a woman, aa we now nae yood. Thie idea ia eaggeeted 
by the phraaeology of Lyndaay, when he repreeenta a 
tippling haabandaa oajoling hia obetraperooa wife. 

Ye gaif me leif, fldr f«d^ damci 
—Fair Iwekif dame, that war grit ichama, 
Qif I that day eowU byid at heme. 


LymCmy, A P. it, U. a 9. 

II may, howerer, hare been applied to an old woomn, 
primarilT in oontompt, be c ana e A the ancient aaeocia- 
tionof the ideaeof age and witehermft ; laL hlok, maga. 
£r/ioèib taalaothe nameof oneof the Vaikifriar, Ptureae, 
or IkUa el the Oothio nationa ; Orimmiamalnm, ap. 
Kejaler, Antiq. Septent., p. 15S. 

Zedhr ia a tenn need 1^ Chaucer, in a bad aenae, 
although of anoertain meaning. 

—Thar a'le no theffi withoat a lemit, 
1%at helpeth him to waatea and to cooke 
Of that he bribea cea, or borwe may. 

CMS r., ▼. 4411 

Thia baa been explained, "a reoeirer to a thief." 
Bat he eeeme eridently to aae it aa eqairaleat to tntiL 

[LvcKiE-MiNiaE, «• A term of reproach to a 
woman; as, *'Don*saluckie-minnie|** ShetL] 

[LucKiB-MiKNiB^s CO. A fleecj substance 
that grows upon a pUuit in wet ground, 
ShetL; lueki€f a witch, and oq^ wool, (qu. 
witch's wool).] 

[LucKnf S-LINE8, f . A plant growing in deep 
water near the shore, and which spreads 
itself over the surface (Chorda jUlum)^ 
ShetL; lueHe^ a witch, and Dan. lyng^ sea- 

Luckie's-mutch, «• Monkshood, an herb, 
Aconitum Napellus, Linn. ; Lanarks. 

Eridently denominated from the form of the flower, 
oiienoe it naa alao reoeired ito EL, and alao ito Swedish 
naoM. For it ia denominated Sicrmhaii; Linn. Flor. 
Sneo., Na 477. 

[LUCK-PENNY, #. V. under Luck, v. w.] 

LUCKRAS, «. ** A cross-grained, cankered 

gudewif e ;** GalL EncjcL 

The terra ia alao need in tlie aanm aenae in Pertha. ; 
aad ia nnderatood to be a ooatamptaooa change of the 




Emiii$, m fliSmà to • woman. C & fecAvry* 

WdMlk iMalfe VÌ0|mI% MMMO* 

To LUOSIFIE^ V. a. To get io the way of 

**Mm' ■■hwtJHf lli»wynwtDbtdb«dwiittotheir 
Wibiadi, MfM^ Xliqr JMCtvCt ■ooIm thIo Christi by 
HMÌr lyw wiUMNit ukj tpeiieh. A womaa will winne 
wiw bj bar lifi^ AlMit aba tpeaka not ooa word.*' 
BoOodk oo t TbM., pw 144. 

fkwi I«l» fcw ifl wnt vndmfeood in an aetÌTe lenM. 

LUCKT, at^. 1. Bulky, 8. 

ù«r tbo batter ; an apology for 

'ThaM^ttinggÌTaa tbapanny;" 8. Ptot. 
iÌMbaiood.tbabalkiar ' 


d wla. iordanotingany tbing ambarant, 
anongh* /<*# kikg mmddif it ia too 

Bat iba waa tby, and bald bir bead aikav ; 
And ariH^ Ltt ba. ya Um bat ladfcy fut : 
Ti/^ o'ar wiU ard, I ftar, daot wa mat laat 

MomtM Mdman, ]f, BH, 

9» aM ar any man to play lie Bport 

ilMÌ, p.8>L 

Ihii naa of tba wofd baa probaUy originalad from a 
anatoa wbiab aaama pratty ganarally to bava praTailad, 
af tjtwiam aemathiiig nKwa to a porobaaar tban ba can 
li^atydainw «0 tfa laeft of tba bargain, aa it ia callad, 
8bari»llala4aei^8. B. V. nazt word, and To-luck. 

tf Folly extending the due length, S* 

"'Hm an baa baan aat a ladhf boor, and ya may aa 
fPHlfaltfaaanpp«iaady.'' R. Oilbaiaa, iL 315. 

.8. SoDenbiindant. Luefy mioiure, that 
wlueli ezceeda what can legally be de- 
mended, S> 

LnCKT-PBOACH, «. The Fatherlasher, 
a ibhy Frith of Forth. 

^CbllBB awrplMi, fktbarlaabar, or Laabar Boll- 
band; Lnd^pfMc*." NaiU'a liat of Fiabaa, p. 9. 

liUDE, paH. pa. Lovedi belored, S. 

Qabat bm manit tbl In tby mada^ 

Makyn^ to ma tbow leliaw ; 
Or qanat m lavau or to ba Uidt 9 


IaUDB. Contraction for love it, S. 

And qaba trawlt b«t tbat I do lMd< 
sunk lift to BM tba ban. 

j i aw w a <| ffi a P onw i , pi 177, ft Id. 

liOlFI KRTB, $• Derision, object of mockery ; 

LaL Imiib ri ua u 

**B|f Fopkh artiiloib trieka and treaaora— tba moat 
naoiwÌMd aonit in tba world ia mada tba huUbrU and 
hngJi^-atoffk of tba aartb." M'Waid'aContandingi, 

To LUE, V. a. To love, S. 

AnM Bab MoRÌi it tiia man y mana hu, 
Aald Bob Monii it tba man I*U aa'er fae. 

▼•LUF, ib 

M€nF9 MIL, iL 12. 

IjUELY^ ode. Softly, Perths.; most pro- 
bably from the same origin with Loy, q. v. 

LUELT, g, A fray, Strathmore. 

To LUF, Lute, Luwb, v. a. To love, 8., 
bi€t pron. with the sound given to Or. ». 

LÌi^ mmej wicbt for Qod, and to god and, 
Thama ba na wiaa to harm, bot to amand. 
That is to knaw, iì^ God for hit cadanai. 

With hart, halt mynd, trtw taraiea day aad nycht 

Dimg. Virga, ProL 9S, 4S. 

lAnfè, lovaat, AhI., 42. 

^Ha hnayd God, and haly kyrk 

Wytb wyt ha wan hyi wHl to wyrka. 

Wynmam, tL 9. 29. 

Lmoaaif ha wai, aad ryebt wtrtwat, 
Til darkya, and all rtlygyniiL 

iWd., TiL 61 7. 

A.-S. fi/-Mia, Alam. fiaf&-«fi, ioi. BCoaa.-0. Uuh-a^ 
Sa.-6. (Ù/, gratoi, laL liU^^ amiona, blandna. 

Lu7, Lute, «• Love. 

O Imf, qaUddar art thaajoj, or ftalyBchnat, 
That makn folk to glaya of thair dyitnt f 

Jkmg. rttpii; 89; S4. 

LUFABE, adj. 

Of btttb tawa I aiony dinam kynd.— — 

Tba percTD lynx, tha la(/faf« Tnioorn, 
That Toiait Tanym with his aaonre horn. 

Atag'j Qmir, a ▼. tt S, 4. 

Tika poat r t p PBtanto tba nnioom aa a mora plaatant, 
or perbapa mora powarfol, animal tban tba lynx ; aapa- 
oiaUy from tba idaa of bia boni baing a tafa^ruArd againat 
poiaon, aa it waa formally baliaTaa, that it woald im- 
madiatoly bnnt, if any dalataiiona liqoid wart poartd 
into it. A.-S. leo/fK, gratiar, potior, oon^ar. of /co/, 
obama, azoptatna. 

[LuFFAND, part. pr. Loving; hence as an 
adj. kind, Barbour, i. 363.] 

LuFTAB, 9. A lover, pL lufaris. 

Qohat ? It tbit lof, nyot Ìufaris, tt ya mana. 
Or fidt dittait, fua bdyit to btgylt ? 

Dtmg, Virga, 06, S. 

LuFLELT, adv. Kindly, lovingly. 

T barcapitant 
And thair with all tha maist party 
Off tbaifli, that armyt with lum war. 
War of hia bind, and sib him ntr. 

Av4oMr, zTiL S15, Ma tonnglp, Ed. 1S20. 

A.-S. b^iUe^ toraly, wbanoa O. E. /if/fy. 

Btfer tbt m tttsag tn wat the ouidttt bnraht, 
»8tBtl3BWi - 


it Mrumm, p. 80. 


was noo in artb wrouht 
of Cms, of tpach to f if^y. 

LuFSOM, LuFESUM, LusOME, adj. Lovely. 
The /is now snnk in pronunciation, S. 

—A lady, /if/toMa of Itte, ladaod a knight. 
Ho rarlnt np in a ras bifor tha rialla 
V. Lar, and Rial Sir Oawem omd Sir OaL, ÌL I. 

Bthald my balsa It^/htm, and lilla qohyte. 

Chalwu Ljfmbtnf, I S75. 

A.-S. Iq/mm, dalaetabilia ; ft/nmiCf, daaidarabilia. 

LUFE, LuiF, LuFFE, LooF, a. The palm 
of the hand; pi. htfis, Doug, laves; S. luvtf 
also lu/e, A. Bor. 

8yr. qabta I dwalt in Italy, 
I leuit tba craft of palmes&y, 
Sehaw mt tha l^ft, Syr. of yoor band. 
And I tall gw yow nndirstand 




• — - 

Qif fov QiMt bt vafortwiAtk 
Or^ftbtpMdMtonftt _ -•««•«* 

XfMliiV* A P. it, IL WD. 

Hft iMbov Urt th« J liln ^U tbara ^ M« bind l9^^ 

D9ti§. VirgU, tta, U M. 

lUt it m 1PWT anoiaot word ; Mom.-0. Io/ci. Xi^am 
dòAMi kèa; Did ilriko than with th« mOmi of their 
haadti HMrk sdr. 66. Sa.-0. A|Aw> uL Uifi, loofve, 
IsoM, vol* maaos; wh«noe^d; a«pui« <oc/^ to ipan, 
lo^^aiak, pianmu, O. Andr., the dwping of the hands ; 
fliOb itipdAtio BiMiMlie, Dan. foea, Tola, diffen in 
form. WaohUr, ▼«. Law, refen to Celt. Haw, the 
hand, and Or. Xifioi, id. plnr. He viewa Uaw as the 
radical term. Uaavd mentioaa than aa tignif ying, not 
only tiie hand, bat the palm of the hand ; and Ir. 7am^ 
proD.&Nr, the hand; whenoe famAotfA, a ^ove, fomAa- 
{OH, groping, fto. Theae tenna are retained in GaeL 
The word haa thoa been oommon to the Ooth. and Gelt, 

a B. OM, to handle, to leaeh with the hand, la nn- 
donbtedlgr «lli«t Owen writea not onlv Haw, bat 
ltowv,aaaigtti(yÌQg the hand; the palm <tf the hand; 
pL JtowtiM- 

No annilar teim oooua in A.-a. Always where 
UlphiÌM aaes l^fit^ we find another word in the A.-S. 

Lursrow, Luiffui., #• As much as fills the 
palm of the hand. 

He maid bim be tiie IVie to tleip : 
Bjae cryit, CoUert^ beif and eolUii, 
Hois and s^one idth donbill aoillis ; 

_ _^ _ Jidonbill 

CSidUs and eoadell, crrisohe and lait, 
. GuBÌsormsi]l,andl«i(^iil7i0ofmslt 

^^ l^mJS^B WoMi, 1602, p. Sll 

LumBy •• 1. A stroke on the palm of the 
hand, S* sjmon. jNnmiiey jpofufw. 

S. A sharp reproof, or expression of displea- 
sore in one way or anotner, S. 

**rm playing the tnumt o*er lang; and if Mr. 
VeHom oidna tnink I waa on some bosiness of Lord 
Sandyfoid'SL I wooldna be surprised if he gied me a 
MVwhsnljaedhame." Sir A. Wvlie, ii 260. 

Moeo.-0. sfiAA^ alapa. (aV«Mf(!^», Dedit alapam, 
John zriii. SSL This is from «£aA-<M, to strike, and 
iqfku the palm of the hand. It properiy denotes a 
atnke wi«h the palm. 

[LUFF, $. The tack of a sail, ShetL] 

To LUFF, $. To praise, to commend. V. 
Lonr, 9. 

LuTLT, adj. Worthy of praise or commen- 
dation; applied both to persons and to things. 

Thos thai mdlit, sad met with siia stoat tteviii. 
Thir l«|^ ledis on the land, withoat logiaaois 
With Mymoly schsidis to sehsw thai set apooe mtìb. 

OsiNm and (ML iiL 8. 


lU Ii|^ Isdis bslifc Ugbtit on the land. 
And hwght out swsrdis U^ snd laag. 

bL i^fig, Tbat. kfieh, landabOia. 
lA^ift or lo^jr, ia applied to a person: who is apt to 
strike another, Ang. Bat there is no affinity. 

[LUFF-ALAEN. All alone, Shetl. V. 


[LUFF-AN-DRAW. A phrase meaning 
<* to let well alone,"* ibid.] 

LUFBAY, s. V. LovBRT. 
LUFBENT, s. Affection, love. 

*'The said gndis war frslie geirin and delinerit by 
him to hia said dothir for dothirlie kindness and /kA- 
ral he had to hir," fto. Aberd. R^., A. 164.J. 

Perhaps from A.-a W* dilectus, and raffUn,UM, 
stote, or condition ; oorr. to reiU, as in MamrtiU. ICetU, 
however, in Norm. Sax. signifies onrsus, abo redditua. 


[LUFFSrr, adj. Overgrown, bloated, very 
corpulent, Shetl.] 

LUG, s. 1. The ear ; the common term for 
this member of the body in S. as well as 
A. Bor. 

^<« He sail be pat rpon theptllorie, and saU be con- 
voyed to the head and ohief place of the towne, and 
hia taker sail cause cutt ane of hia l«y<i«i.~His taker 
sail canse his other /My to be catted.** Barrow Iawos, 

c. 121, s. 8, 4. V. Tboxi. ,_ , „ 

<*Ye eanna make a silk parse o* a aow** hig; 

Fergasson's S. Prov., p. 36. 
l&ia tsm ia naed l^ E. writers, bat m a 

Vith hsir hilcharMtsis^snd fii^ in text 

CUa m k u uTt PotmM, Bay. 

Ben Johnson osss it in his SlapU qfNewet, SO. 

Toar mrea art in my pocket, knave, gos shake them, 
The little while you have them. 
A Sne itmnd heiuL whea those two lit^ srs olr, 
^ trundle throogn a pillory. 

2. The short handle of any vessel when it pro- 
jects from the side; as, "^the lugs of a 
bicker,— of a bovn,'' &c The ** lugi of a 
pat " are the little projections in a pot, re- 
sembling staples, into which the boiU or 
handle is hooKed, S* 

**Ansa, the lug of any vessel ;** Despant. Gram. 
B. iv. a. 

3. At the lug of^ near, in a state of proximity, 


"Te live a< Me fug^the law;" Bamsay*8 S. Prov.* 
p. SSb 

^. Up to the lugs in any thing, quite immersed 
in it, S. ; ** over head and ears,** E. 

U haa bsen snppossd that thia phrase aUades to one's 
drinking oat of a two-handed beaker. It may, how- 
ever, re?er to immersion in water. 

5. If he were worth hie luge, he would do, or 
not do, such a thing; a phrase vulgarly 
used to express approbation or disapprobci- 
tion, S. 

The same idea haa been also familiar with the E. in 
an eariy age. Langland, speaking of the absord cus- 
tom of pretending to sell pardons, says :— 

Were the bishop blessed, and worth hoik hit earn. 
His scale shold not be sent to decevue the people. 

^f ^^ sa^eeavv^^w^Mv^^PB aba s^v ^^v 

This proverbial phrase has most probably had its ori- 
gin from the castom of catting off the ears ; a punish* 
ment frequently inflicted in the middle ages. One rart 
of the panishment of a sscrilegious person, according 
to the laws of the Saxons, waa the sktting of his ears. 
These and other crimes were punished, several oen- 




MOb wilb tiM lo« €f both mn. Da Ganm ra- 
im to lb tlMvlM of Si. Looii of FkmnM, and oC Uanry 
y.ofbilHMlf miiiirii. 

6w Ih Bmgt or Hanq hy tkg Lug of amr thing, 

to keep ft firm hold of it, as a boll-dog does 

of hb prey; metaph. to adhere firmly to 

mmTs purpoaoi or steadily to observe one 

oouse, S* 

100 lào ooaoo bovt in bio bond, jo bavo oy good 
^fimqìmdUhiQ ^ MlT Miob. Brooo'o 
Ao>t p^ 64« 

7. J7# Aim a J^iba m to Zt^, a proverbial 
phrase equivalent to that, ^ There's a bee 
m his baanet-lof^" Le^ he is a restless, giddy 
f eUoir, LoUu 

£8. 2b £nf one's £if$r«, to wager, to declare ; a 
Had of oath, as, '^m lay my lugs he'll 
itixr Clydes^ Banff s.] 

9« 7b logr one's lMg% tn, or amang^ to take 
eof^onslv of any meat or drink, S.; a low 
phrase^ oonowed perhaps from an animal, 
that dips or besmears its ears, from eager- 
ness for the food contained in any vesseL 

aibbi Ibinko tbol tbia word, may bo from A.-S. lioeea, 
OMMkrÌM^ tbo bair wbicb a>^wB on tbo face. Altbougb 
Ibo origin IB qoito uconaiB, I woold prefer doriYÌng 
il froB S«.-0. htgg^ to drag ooo, aapocially by the 
lair I as ponona an^ in like oBaimor, ignominionaly 
dii^Bid by tbo oan. Y. Blaw, t. 

To Lue, «• o. To cut off one's ears, AbenL 
[htOf «• A flap to cover the ear. 

** ItoH, htk Hanry Guit, ii oappia wrtb WffgUt price 
smvj a." Aoota. off L. H. beararer.j 

Luo-BAB, t. A ribbon-knot, or tassel at the 
6miM»-%, Fif e. Y.BAByS. 

Lvoon, 9. ** The homed owl ;" OalL Enc. ; 
evUently denominated from its long ears. 

** Hi bono or oara are about an ineb long, aod oon- 
alal ol aiz ieafboia Tariegatod witb yoUow and Mack." 
FwB. ZooL, i. IMb IM. 

Luoon, LoooiE, «• A small wooden ves- 
sel, for holding meat or drink, provided with 
a handle, by which it is laid hold of, S. 

\ own botMpoou, beeeb /i^pjet mia^e, 
Oa aieUb fotfiJBat the door. 

JUmuafg ^DcsM, IL 111 

AoMBg tbo ooporotitiova riteaoboerrod on the eve of 
HaOowvai^ tbo following ia mentioned. 

In OfdVy on tiie dean beaitb^taae, 

Tbe tiiggitt three are nmged, 
ikad ofinr ttme gnat care ie ta en, 

To eeo them doly cbaaged. Bnnu, iii. ISa 


II k alao wiittn Ibopie. 

The Mpthathawide does aflbid 

Mmrùm's Foewu, p. 48L 

FMbm front hi^ tbo oar, from tbo reeemblaace of 
tho.haadle. Hio Datch, bowoTor, call a wooden 

[LcGODB, t. A game in which one is led 
around a circle by the ear, repeating a 

rhyme ; if the parfy selected to repeat the 
rhyme makes a mistake he in turn oecomes 
«• fuggie,'' OL ShetL] 

[LuGOiT, «. 1. A cuff on the ear, ShetL 

i. As an oA'^ having flaps to cover the ears, 
Clydes^ Liotlu 

**Tor a higgU oap to the King to lydo wyth ; price 
zz a.** Aoota. of 11 H. Treaattrw.] 

LuQorr or Lowoit Disch, a wooden bowl or 
vessel made of small staves, with upright 
handles ; q. an eared dish. 

"The airahanba n a ana beif plait, ano/aopa 
4o. Balfoor'a Praotioka, p. 236. 

** Item, ana liigyildMdU without ana oorer.** DiTan- 
toriea, A. 1542, p. 72. 

Here the term ia need in reference to ailver woric. 

**TJ lowifU disehit of pewtyr, t} ebandlerrie, ane 
qnart of tyne^ tua gardinari% vj gobiUattie of tyne, iii j 
plaittii, il] compter fattee, ane aanaer, ▼. tmnchonrie 
of tyno, ane koiat [chaet].'' Aberd. Beg., A. 1535, V. 
15» p. 074. 

Tnia denomination eeema to fix iuff, the ear, aa ez- 
oloaÌTely the origin d S. Luffgie, q. t. 

Luo-KNOT, «• A knot of ribbons attaclied to 
the ear or front of a female's dress ; synon. 

And oar bride's maidene were aa fan. 
Wi' top-knots, Iw^-Jbiote, a' in bleu. 

MmHand wMt, Heid'e CoH, a 7«L 

Luo-LACHST, «• A box on the ear, AbenL 

Luo-MABK, «• A mark cut in the ear of a 
sheep, that it may be known, S. 

«'Thov reoeÌTO the artificial marka to diatingoiab to 
whom they beloni^; whioh are^ the faimer'a initiiJ 
stamped upon their noee with a hot iron, — and also 
marka into tbo ear with a knifa^ deeigned /ag-marifc." 
Agr. Sunr. Peebw, p. 191. V. Bibh« Sours. 

To Luch-HAKK, V. a. 1. To make a slit or 

notch in the ear of a sheep ; as, ^ a lug^ 

markU ewe,** S. 

When the wearing of patchea came first in fashion, 
an old Angoa laird, who was making a visit to a neiffh- 
.boor baionot, on obeenringthat one of the yoanglaoiea 
had both earrings and patches, cried ont m apparent 
sarprìse^ in obriooa allorion to the meana employed by 
store-farmers for in eee t t i ng their sheep; **lìVow, wow ! 

store-iarmers for pi eee t t i ng tteir aneep ; '*wow, wow 
Mra. Janet, vonr fatber'a been michtiue fleyed for tyn 
ing yon, that ne'e baith/v|^aiariUlye and tar-markit ye.'* 

2. To punish by cropping the ears, S. 

*' Wo haTO— the fnry of tbo open enemy to abide, 
who are employing aU their mi^l; — in imprisoning, 
stigmatising, lnufff'markhig, baniahing^ and killing.*' 
Sooaty Contending^ p. 181. 

Luo-eKT, t. The same with Ear^fyf Orkn* 
V. Sky, $. 1. 

[LuchfiTANXS, «• pL The stones attached to 
the lower side of a herring-net, for the pur- 
pose of making it sink* They are so named 
because only two stones were attached to 
the luge or comers of the net when the 
herring-fishing was first prosecuted. Small 
floats of cork, called earie^ are attached to 
the upper side, 6L Banffs.] 




[LUO, adj. Applied to turnips and potatoes, 
that have too- luxoriant stems, and small 
boibt and tubers, OL Banffs.] 

LuQon, adj. 1. Oom is said to be /u^^y, 
when it does not fiU and ripen well, but 
grows mostly to the straw, S. B. 

S. Heavy, sluggish, S. 

Balgi 100^ hmTj i Trat biggK'emt to bt dothfaL 

LUO, f» A worm got in the sand, within 
floodmark| used by fishermen for bait, S. 
•Lumbricus marinus, Linn. 

** AH tÌM tJbowt, azomt the pMrtent and lobtlen, an 
with liaaa ÌMÙtaa with mniiali and lug, which 

In •ait ISM, Mk keriii. Parhapa fiom Alam. laac, 
flama, or from tha aaina origin with /idfce, in B. (aile- 

aia fMnd in tha bad of tha Ythan at tow tidaa." P. 
aiaina, Statiat Aoo., t. 277. 
**T1ia bait for tha amall flahaa^-a worm got in tha 
Aw.** P. mgb Abaid. ibid. vii. 205. 
[raonmarittaT&ailahaiaoaUitlMy.'' Sibb.FUa, 

PMmb ftaa Fria. hiflx^ft-M, ignaTa at B^gnitar agare ; 
aa daoenplÌTa of tha uaetivity of thia worm, aa aaothar 
ia oallad ahigt for tha aama raaaoo. 

[To LUGE, 9. m To lodge, Barbour, ix. 203.] 

{tàUQM, •• A lodge, a tent, ibid., six. 653.] 

LuQOSNiSy LuoiKGS, i.pL Lodgings ; Aberd. 
B^., Gent. 16. 

Luoon, «. A lodge or hut in a garden or 
park, S. B. 

Tant. kgk^ tBgnrim^ caaiL Y. Look. 
LuoiKAB, s. One who lets 

** That an p row aat k balvaia within onv burgha or 
Yviaawith thar h^fmarÌM k hoatiUaria within 

thar bondia anant tha login, tha honaaty tharof , k tha 
nioa that aan ba pait tharfor." Acta Ja. IV., 1003» 
SdL 1814^ p. 24S. 

[LTJOOIE, «. v. under Luo, «.] 
LUOHT,«. A lock. V.Lucht. 
LUOIS. Inventories, p. 266. V. Hinoare. 
LIJID, s. A poem. Y. Leid. 
LUIFE, «. Lmft and &, a sea-phrase used 

— TUa haa drowned hola dioeeia, ya fie. 

Wanting tha grace, when he thnld gyde the ratber. 

Ha b^ hia jdM» tak in at /if(^ aiul /fte. 

L^ B^ SL Androit^ Fret, p. 807. 

Aa rwtker maana rudder, tekeip ia certainly an errat, 
foraeiUj^ahipw Thia ia aaid to loifc m, or leak, both oo 
tha windwara and on tha lea aide, both when tha 
huft and whan thay heap to tha lee. 

LUIQ, «. A hovel, Strathmore. Belg. loy^ 
a mean hoveL V. Lugoib and Looe. 

LinE-H ABTIT, acf/. Warmhearted, affec- 
tionate, compassionate. 

Ibair ia no lavaad leid ta Uw of degre 

That aall me loif onluSt : I am to SùtAaHU^ 

I am to marciAil in mynd and menit all wichtia. 

Dmòar^ Maitkmd ^oemSf p. 69L 

LUrr, preL Let, permitted. 

"No man panned bar, bat imii har take bar own 
pteaaara^ bacaaaa aha waa tha king'a mothar." Pit- 
aoottia, D. 140. 

Late alao ooonn in tha aanaa aanaa ; and iui€ ^ for 
laekonad, mada aoooant of. 

*' That oarnall band waa naoar eataamad off ba Chriat, 
in tha tima ha waa oonvanant haara Tpon aarth ; ha 
lala nathing c/ that band." Brooa'a aann. on tha 
Saor., ISOO, Sign. L 3, b. V. Lcr, v. 

[To LUK, V. n. To look, see, ascertain, 
Barbour, L 350 : hence, to look after, take 
care, ibid. ziL 217. Pret. lukyt, part. 

LUENYT, porf. pa. Locked. V. Luckbx. 

[LUL,s. Membrum virile, ShetL Belg.,/tf/, 
the spout of a pump.] 

LUM, LuMB, «. 1- A chimnej, the vent by 
which the smoke issues, S. 

^*' A caTc^ or mthar dan, aboat 50 feat deep, 60 
long, and 40 broad, from which there ia a aubterranean 
paaaaga to tha aea, aboat 80 yarda long; through which 
tha waTca are driran with great Tiolenoe in a northerly 
atorm, and oocarion a am^a to aaoand from tha den. 
Henoa it haa got tha name of Hell'a Lumb, La., Hell'a 
GhinuM.** P. Qamxia^ Banfih. Statiat. Aoo.. i. 472, 

2. Sometimes it denotes the chimnej-tpp, more 
commonly denominated the Iwn-head^ S. 

*'Tha hoom'fii May fonnarlv mantionad ia a mjrth, 
aign, or mark, mnch obeenred by^aaiUeri in their 

ing throng thia Firth between Gaithneaa and Stroma, 

they loee aig^t of, 
Brand*a iDaaer. 

for they caref ail^ fix their evea nj^n the lunu or chim- 
ney heada of thia honae, which if I 
then they are too near Gaithneaa.' 
Orkney, p. 14S. 

3. The whole of the building appropriated for 
one or more chimneys, the stalk, S. 

** Dand Broond did point the low-oaUery totally on 
tha backayda and firom tha yeata to uie hnmm only on 
tha foreevde.** Lamont'a Diary, p. 174. 

C. & Imman, a ehimnay ; which Owen deducea from 
0INII, that which ahoota np, or enda in a point. 

Sibb. oonjectarea that uie majr be from A.-S. £eom, 
lax, ** acaroalr any other light being admitted, except- 
ing throngh thia hola in tha roof." 

LuMB-HEAD, «• A chimney top, S. 

Now by thia time, the ran begins to learn, — 
And dooda of leek fraa Ittndhkeadi to appear. 

itatt'a jMcNora, p. S& 

LuM-Pio, s. A can for the top of a chimney, 

The doon did rin g l u mp if$ down tnmal'd, 
Tbe itrawna gnshxl big— the synlu load raml'd. 
V. Pia TlMmahiiCs Poems, pw 128. 

LUMBART, ». Apparently, the skirt of a 

'*Itera, tha body and* tumbariU of ana Jomay of 
Talvott of tha coUovr of lalcha akin." Inrantoriea, A. 
1542; pi 90. 

Fr. immbaire^ of or belonging to tha flank or loin ; 



[LUMBABTt $. Lombard, Accta. L. H. 
TreatDier, L 44, '^' ^ '^ 

ItfUMEi #• An atensO ; pL brniu. Y. Lobob. 

QLUMIS^ LlooM, •• The smooth appeannce 
4d wmtar caused bj anj oilj sabstance, 
SietL Oodu liofii, IsL iu/nia, to gleam, 

fTo LuiCB, V. 11. To spread like oil on water, 

LinOfLE,«. Thefilingsof meUl, S. Fn 
Htffoiltf, id. 

IMS ÌMnaflt in tiis mbm 

Jkad tiMnia wm p«t of sUtw {unattt ab 

CI— > Taum'M f., t. 166SS. 

LUMMINO. or^'. A term applied to the 
weather when there is a thiu rain, Gallo- 

Chs WMlbvii aiidlo bs btmming whmk rmiiijiig 
I a ktm €f a <iaf, » foiy w«t 1U7; th* nin ù lost 
iC AnMiiNa down. wiMn it nini fML** GalLEne. 

I lwf« Mtl with no Q^fl^Mte tarai. Y. Loomt. 

£* LUMP, •• Heap, crowd, oompanj. Bar* 
boor, ZF. SS9, 848, zix. 877.] 

LvifFKB, #• The name given to one who 
fnmislies ballast for ships, Greenock ; ap- 
parentljr fran its being pat on board by 
the Awqp* 

[To LUN, V. a. and n. To loll; aUo, to 
listen, ShetL] . 

LUNOH, #• A large piece of anything es* 
• pedally of what is edible; as bread, cheese, 

->Mnk gMd FMUid, In eofi an' euipt, 
. Aaiaf tho toBM §M* bioehM ; 
AM* olMtM an' bnad, Am wobmb's lut, 
Wm dMlt about in Imuto 

iU' da»da thai daj. 


LUND, LWKD, «. The city of London. 

IMa JowaO ba fHt tons in tm ladaad ; 
In XwMl it aatttfU witnaas of this thiiw, 
Baeonqnaat than of Scotland caldbym Mag: 

Wattaet, L 1&, MR 

XomI sppMis OB aiany Saxon coina. V. Kedori 
GbftaL Nnmm. A.-a Bat thia aaoma an sbUerialion, 
as H was nnany writlon LmmUn, 

LUNOIE, •. The Gmllemot 

**I was a baald enuganuui— «noo In my llfa^ and 
SBon J n kittiownko'a 9DdUMgk'§ noat baa I bnrriad op 
( asMngtbao voiyblsok roeka." Antiqaniy, L 161, ie£ 

[To LUNK, V. n. To roll as a ship on the 
wmves, ShetL] 

[LuHXy t. A roU, a Inrch, as of a ship, ibid.] 

{TLuKKOjjKirt and s. Rolling, bobbing up 
and down in walkings ibid. 
U. fislv. Is bah, bobbin.] 

LUNEIE, LuNKEHOLE, «. A hole in a 
stone wall or dyke for the convenience of 
shepherds, Ayrs., Ettr. For.; synon. Cundie. 

ftrbana for tbo poipoaa of taking a poop at tboir 
floeka. Teat, fondb-en, limia obtoeri. 

LUNKIE, adj. Close and sultry, denoting 
the oppressive state of the atmosphere be- 
fore ram or thunder, S. 

LuKKiENESS, s. The state of the atmosphere 
as above described, S. 

Baa. ttrnken^ Inkowann, lunk-ert to mako Inke-warm ; 
laL hmkaUg^rt oalidna, Uandna ; 8a.-G. /ttnn, topidna. 
Tboradicafwoid ia Sa.-0. ^, id. 

LuNKrr, adj. Lukewarm ; also, half-boiled, 


LunkU Miomf, aowana beginning to thicken in 
" Loth. 

LUNNER,s. A smart stroke, Dumfr.,Clyde8. 

Yet, bopaa that ronth o' good he'd flnd 
O'er^t love did oome a lunner 
Bight Ml that dar. 

Dmvtdmm'M Smsamt^ pi 18. 

Thia ia oridently a provinoiality for L<nmder, 

[To LuNinBB, V. a. 1. To beat severely, 
Clydes., Banffs. 

2. With prep, ai^ to work with energy and 
diligence with hands, voice, or head, ibid. 


[LuNNERAir, LuNKERDf, s. 1. A severe 
beating, ibid. 

2. The act of workings speaking, thinking, or 
writing with energy and diligence, ibicL] 

[To LUNSH, V. n. To recline, loU, Shetl. ; 
a ftifisAtti looHf an idle fellow, Clydes.] 

LUNT, «. 1. It is used, as in E., for a match. 

— -" Ann of tbame bo cbaanoe had alooae hmi, qnhilk 
negligently foU oat of hie hand amang the great quan- 
tity S poolder, and brunt him and diuen utheria to. 
the great terror of the reat." Historio Jamea Sext, 
p. 128. 

2. A torch. 

The aaid Captane paaaed forth with hia men of 

wartOp aa thou^ they went to aee aome men that waa 
going upon the oroftia with imnttU.** Bannatyne*a 
Jonmal, p. 182. 

3. A piece of peat, or purl (hardened horse 
or cow dung), or rag, used for lighting a 
fire, Loth. 

4. The flame of a smothered fire which sud- 
denly bursts into a blaze, Teviotd. 

$. A column of flaming smoke ; particularly, 
that risinff from a tobacco pipe, in conse- 
quence of a violent pu£F, S. 

She ftdft her pipe wi' lie a f Mnf , 
In wiath aba waa aae vap'rin. 




Hiir bimw new wonet apron 
0«! thfo' thiit aigbt 


6. baproperly nsed to denote hot vapour of 
anj kind^ S« 

— BvltM^d ■o'^ wl' frtfrant /im<, 
8tl a' tkafar nl» Mleti&. 

Amu, UL 18». 

[7. A fit of snlkiness, OL Banffs.] . 

Taut, lonltf; fiMMi ignMriiUv Sv. Iimfa. 

To LuNT, V. a. and n. 1. To emit smoke in 
colmnnsy or in pnffsi S. 

TIm hmiin pipe, and iiMwiihfa mill, 
An hudid roaid wi' liriit gnid wia 

^ jHnM^ iiL 7. 

lb* laeUM tlwir tolMwoo hmUd, 
Aad toagjb to htar.-* 

AoU BImoB Ml ImlfiijBr bii enttto 
Ab' looaÌBg hit ImttoBt for bad. 

il. AoCfi / \MW f , pi 1901 

2. To blaze, to flame vehementlyi South of S. 

*' If tÌMy boni tlie Cnatoin-HoaM, it will catch here, 
•ndwffllMtlliluatNrlMirelA'thegetber." Gay Man- 

nariog^iii 179. 

^^ • 

To LuNT awa. To continue smoking ; gener- 
allj applied to the smoking of tobacco; 
at, ^ one's luniin awa wi* her pipe,** S. 

LuNTUSy •• A contemptuous name for an 
old woman, probably trom the practice of 
smoking tobaccoi S. B. 

ToLUNT.v.n. To walk quickly, Roxb.; to 
walk with a great spring, Dumf r. 

Up they git ft sr e e m w alnl moantftin ; — 

Ckefong owre the Biborlng files. 
Ihia they okm, the twMome lunltn* 

To keek one the ttretchUig delei. 

A. aooUM Poemg, 1811, p. 174 

• £tMll»^«* Walking at a brisk pace," N. ibid. 
If oat mobably aa obliqne laiiae of Lftfif, as denotÌDg 
tha snddn riaing of smoke. 

LuNT, 9. **A ^^eat rise and fall in the mode 
of walkings" Dumf r. 

LUMXlE, LuNZiE, «• (pron. as if /un^V.) 
A wallet. 

** Hars'a to the panky loon, that gaea abroad with 
a tniiia pock, aad oomea hame with a low /tMyte.** V. 
Hnmphiy Clinker. 

LuKTiB, LuKzns, •• The loin. 

And Bellkn, with a brydiU rsnyie, 
Ivir laaht taame on the lunjfie. 

I h mttt r , Jkuuia^fmg Foemt, p. S9. 

Tbnt. komie^ iongk. id. 

LvKTlB-BANli •• Hucklebone^ Fife. 

LUNTIB-JOINT, f. The joint of the lain or 
hip^ Boxb. 

LmmB-BHOT, adj. Having the hip-bone 
disjointed, S. 

**LMuinhoii thaloin bona gone oat of its socket** 


[LUNTIE, 9. and «. Luktisan, Luktieik, 

foH. and «• Banffs. form of Luknbr, 

LUP, Lupia. Im iekUUnfff apparently a 
coin of Lippe in Westphalia ; Lat. Lupia. 

««Aneht daleiris k tnelf Lm tekUtingit.** Ahenl. 
Bag., A. IMS, V. SS. ««Topay zsh. foriÌkflNarftiiPi>M 
that ha waa awand." Ibid. 

[LUPIS, «• Corr. of /tipiM , a wolf, Lyndsay, 
The Dreme, L 895.] 

LUBD, s. A blow with the fist^ Abeid. 

IsL han^ signifies ooeroers, and laitKl-r, qnassatas. 

LUBDANE, LuRDEN, Lubdox, «. 1. A 
worthless person, man or woman, one who. 
is good for nothing. 

TUre l^rnuidii tok this haly nan, 
Aad held hym Isag in-tU herd pjme : 
A Lnudamt of thaoae alwe hTm eyne, 
Hut he oonCnmyd, in Cnntyn Fay 
Befor that oaie-gane hot a day. 

WrUtmm, fL IS. ISSL 

In thia sense, Donglaa appliea the taim to Halan— 

That itiang laniaae than, qaham wele we ken. 
The lyoiane matronii ledia In aae ring, 
Feoyeand to Baoehiu foist and karollmg. 

Anv/Firyii; 18^ a 

Bndd. randan it, ashen used, "a Mockhaad, a aot** 
Bat for what nason, I do not peroeive. 

In the same aenaab we may ondentand the following 
passage, in which Loid Lindsay of the Byna ia made 
to addnn the Loida who had nbeUed against K. 
Jamea m. ; altlioagh,-from ita connexion, it perhape 
nqnine a attU stronger meaning : — 

** Ye an all LwrdoMg, my Lords ; I say ya an falsa 
TVatton to your Prince. — ^For the falsa Uardtmei and 
traiton have cansad the King (Ja. IV.) by j^onr fabe 
saditiona and oonspincy, to coma aninst ms Father 
in plain battle,** Ac litaoottie, p. 97. 

''Upon Yool-avan Jamea Grant goee aoma gate 
of hie own, leaving Ballnadallach In tha kiln-Cgie 
betwixt thir two /anfafief,** Ike Spaldins'a TroaUea, 
i. 3& QL " lordane, a vagi^nd. In the preceding 
aeotanoe^ tha tamt pOTTft«w an i*f*^^ " lymmers.** 

2. A fool, a sot, a blockhead. 

"Sir John Smith's second fanlt, far worse than the 
firal^ albeit a btrdeme to defend «11 ha had dona, and to 
dnw the moet of the barons to side with him, was a 
Tery dangarooa design. ** Batllie's Lett., ii. 173^ 174. 

3. It is still commonly nsed, in vulgar lan- 
guage, as eicpressive of slothf ulness. Thus 
one IS called a lazjf Ivrdant^ S. 

4. It is used, improperly^ to denote a piece of 
folly or stupioity. 

His Popish pride and thieefidd crowne 
Almaist hes lost their licht : 
His plake peidones an hot lurdimMt 
(H new found Taaitie. 

4iM. Godtg Amps, p. 8S. 

It ooeon in P. Plimghman. 

Haddest thoa ben head, qaod I, than wold haae asked 

Yea, lesne, Lufden, qood he, k layde on me with rsge ; 
Aad hit me mder the ears, nmeto may iche hears ; 
He bafibted me about the month, and bet out my teth. 
And gyned me in goates, I may not go at large. 

Sign. lih.S,K 







at a totf a w nn losk. 
ht to Anil TMur ft thorn boik. 

iyMÌfnl^ dorifod firom Lord 
BotioflLthat thii deiÌTalioo it at 
Mdd aatlMtiaMof Hector Booce. 

**IlMlKt UmIb^mbmb won brookt toao gioto calam- 
ill4aÌNrio bo fionia, that flk bona in figlaod wea 
•OBOlnBÌt to aoataao aao Daao^ that tho aamyn mycht 
bo aao afj to tho Kirn^ and advortia hym qahot wea 
dona or aod hi that hooa. Be qnhilk way the Kyng 
imbt know aoao qnharo ony rebellion wea agania hym. 
Tba apj wea caDn ktrd Ikme. Qnhilk n now taoe 
lor aao ydyH fannflaar that aeikia Ua leoyng on othir 
■MHMB finboana." BeUond. Cron.» B. n. e. 14. 

It k mora folly aiprawed in the originaL Diotna 
eat ia eoiplonlor dominna Danna, Tolgo Lordam, 
Qood MMMB noatratoa at pofmli nnno Angli dieti ita 
■aoipofotiuitj nt qnom Tiderint ocioanm ac inntilem 
■abnlooaBL ooio cwdttoniy iji^Mftia labonDaaqnaentantein 
viotnBa oanuqno deaanm aapennm inlaaiiai Lcrdain 
vol hoe aotato uipellitenl 

I aaod oeaioaqr mj that thia o^ymon ia oridently o 

origin aeema to be W. hmtUH, blook- 

Ì^ Uonl^ obwniah ; allied to which are Umrdat, a 

dnn o op lwwtodi^ an awkward wench, from tonrrf, heavy, 

alBM bkMkiah. Fhligr. ozpL iurdayne by FV. hvr* 

ÀnA/ & iii. F. 46b Elaewhere he giree the foUowing 

pbroaa ;. '*It ia o goodly ayght lo ae a yonge lourdayne 

nlij Hm kMoIl on thia faeyon : II fait beaa veoir vng 

Emm laonfanft kxioaRler en oo poyntt" F. 318» a. 

Ballot dorireo hmdai frtxn Ann. Imrdod, id. But aa 

■aay Wr» wofda havo their origin from Teal, it haa 

oounu o d to flM^ aa alao to SibK, that FV. laurdin may 

bo f—adiatily traced to Teal btjfaerd, piger, deeidi- 

homo, or loer, laerd^ which have the 

^ bono nmioidaii iminTua. To the latter 

Fr. loord. Thna tlie radical Taut, term 

wiD be btih id. ▼. Lor. It may be added, howerer, 

-tbat na ItaL hnh ooAoapoada to Vr, iMtrd^ Verel. 

tko loiBer from laL and Sw. hri^ aterena. 

dadooea all. the modem terma from thia Qoth. 

I yn, £ùrdtm§. From the ItaL word L. B. 

Mema formed. Do Gange ia nnoeitain whether 

it rtwld bo lendared imparaa, or atolidoa. 


SottitliiieMy stnpiditjr. 

flam jt la in Fraaoe, and Ikith haa the flicht 
and loat ar onra lakl tteme. 



2« It aeema tho used to denote carnal sloth, 
or aecnrity in sin. 

i all dapeia in iandaiMiy qiiha Ivis, 
fhna waU le of ajn the foiiftil IjnM ; 
laiae in fertew how frr to vptyw. 

XlrMtaqTa Waribiif A. 7, a. 

f^. fc nw h r fa , abipidity) Tent, ht^erd^ alnggiah- 

LuBDBf, adj. Heavy; aa, '^ a lurden netml^ 
a heaTj or aoTere blow, Berwicka.; [also, 
èuSL ataj^d, aa^ ^'a lurden look,** Ayn.] 

y • LfUBDAXSy •• 

[LuBDCiLTy adj. and adv. Like a lazy, 
worthleaa fellow; like a clown or fool, À}T8.] 

[LuBDT, adj. Idle, alnggiah, ibid.] 

LUBE, 9. The ndder of a cow, S. 

Both liayd, in hie liat of Welah wofda omitted by 
DaTÌea, ana Owen, mention tfyr, /Ayr, aa aignifying an 

LURE, adv. Rather, S. 

Bat I tmt ehoM in Highland glena 

To hard the kid and goat, bmu. 
Ire I ooo'd for ate Utile eodi 
Bif oae my bonny Seotman. 

V. Letsb. 


[*LUREI, ». A tempter, enticer, Lyndsay, 
The Dreme, L 278 ; pi. lurÌB.'l 

[LUROAN, $. A aurfeit of food, Shetl.] 

[To LURK, V. a. and n. To crease, Clydes., 
Banff a.; same as lirky q. ▼•] 

[LURT, $. A lump of dirt, a clot of dung ; 
also a clomsy fellow. No. lort^ dang.] 

LUSBIRDAN, «. pL Figmies, West. Isl. 

"The laland of Pigmioa, or, aa the nativee call it, 
thelalandof little Men, ia but of email extent There 
haa [haTo] been many email booea dag oot of the 
eronnd here, rmembling thoee of homan kind more 
than any other. Thia gare ground to a tradition which 
the nativee have of veiy low-atatnred people living once 
here, caU'd Lutòirdtui^ ia., Pigmiee.'^ àUurtin'a Wee- 
tern lalaoda, pu 19. 

Thia term might aeem to have aome reaemblance of 
GaeL luchurman^ which aignifiee n piffmy. Bat I ana- 
pect it ia rather of northern origin. In laL UHj/llng, ia 
an elf, a fainr, a good genioa ; Daemon mitia, aaya G. 
Andr., n. 168. oat it may have been formed from 
8a. -G. laL Ihu, light, alao clear, candidna, and birtimjt 
manifeatatto^ from 6ifrf-a, manifeetare ; q. appearing 
bright. Birting, peraona vol ree albicana ; Haidoraoo. 
Or perimpe from hjfrd, genua, familia, q. *' the white," 
or ** bright famUy." 

LUSCAN, 9. Expl. ^a lusty beggar and a 
thief;'* OalLEncycL 

O. Flandr. fay at rik g ii, Germ, kuck'-en, Intitare ; in- 
aidiari. Sn.-Q. heik, perMmn fixaa aedee non habena. 

LUSCHBALD, m. Expl. ** a sluggard.'* 

Lanatick lymmar, LusMald, looi thy hosai 

Emmtdjf, Evergrtm^ \L 7S. 

Jtnm laL Umk'^t ignnrna, and hald-r. Germ, hafd, 

Cma, <|. anrpaaaing othera in laaneea. E. lutkt idle, 
, which John, dmrivee from Fr. Imehi^ haa theaame 

LUSER VIE, $. Apparently a species of fur. 

" Item, ana pair of aleria of hmrvk flypand bak wart 
with the bord of the aame." InTontonee, A. 1561, p. 

Porhi4[ia for /afervie. Thia might be a cormption of 
IV. Umire viae; Kto otter. Bat I know not bow the 
deei^piation would be applicable. Thia muat be a 
apeciea of fur ; for the titte ia FurrakiM, i.e. Furringa. 

[LUSEE, $. Another form of LiSK, q. v. 

LUSKINO, Leuskino, pari. pr. Abscond- 
ing; 01. Sibb. 

I bavo not obaervod thia wwd in 8. O. B. iwik it 
rondorad '* to be id]% to be laj^," GL Bmnno. For- 





LUSOME,ad;. Not smooth, in a roagh state. 

A buams jlm, a stone that is not polished, 


8B*4k h^ Uggt hiin% ^oJ^j^ and mtm^ a eommon ter- 
wmstioB OTprmting qtudi^. 

LUSOMEiy adj. Desirable, agreeable; love- 
some, lovelji S. y. LuFSOM. 

[LusUMLT, adv. Lovingly, lovesomely, Bar- 
bour, xviL 815*] 

LUSS, $• A yellowish incmstation, which 
frequently covers the head of children, 
dandmff ; Pityriasis capitis, S. 

LUSTINO,«. [Perhaps an errat for faf/tai;, 

*«TÌw Mlliaft iMiCJ^ ft ntfiBg of tlia Mid f/Kdiiiig.'' 

AbOTd. lugTX 1038; V. ar^ ^ 

On this mMa iavidiiur ; m slUtd to Sa.-0. /y«f-a, 
Id. ItotC-Oi pwnitaraf \)ÌM% Ukaly to be m given 

LUSTY, adj. 1. Beautiful, handsome, ele- 

I banfl^ qood aeb*, luity lad jii fSMntaiN^ 
Of qsBAm th« IbnMsL cUpit Diope. 
In fumm wwlloek I nil oonioiM to thaL 

Dmȧ. nrgO, U, 1& 

ami Mibl bit lapUn j piwai ^ai i f i ooipow Nymph—. • 

Nlxt band bir wast f JMÌnÌa tha maid,^ 
Thai doa ibr aobaoM did eaal byr Uutw ana. 

Daeoraa, Vifg. 

Iba Imhf Avantjooa nizt in naia 

Him foUowia, tba aon of woitbj Harealaa. 

Ftalefaor, Tng. 
8. Pleasant, delightful 

Amyd tba bairebia, and aaarj huiM vmla, 
Iba foeant daw iNfynnia doon to akala. 

LotÈff. TtryO, 449, 8S. 

Tba tana ooonn in tbia aonao in a aong, tbo firat 
vofMolwbiebiaqnoladin TkeCampia^t i^ SeoUand^ 
priatod A. 1548— 

O kuUt MàTOp witb Florm onaan. 
Iba balmy oiopa from Fbcma uiaaa, 
Fkalnaaat baama bafora tha day, Aa 

lUrft CUL, iL Sli. 

A.-& Tout. hÈift daaìdariom; Uuhgh^ lotUgh^ 
io% deloctabiliai Jncnndoa; IVanc. tuaUike^ 

LUTE, Leut, «• A sluggard ; OL SibL 

"PkobnUy,'* anva Sibb.. "from Lmrdam,*' Bnt 
tharo ia not • ahndow of piiobnbiUty bora. It ia oar- 

[LUSTBUB, ocfe. Pleasantly. Lyndsay,The 
Dreme, L 404.] 

LnSTHBiD, LuSTTHEiD, •• Amiableness ; GI. 

Taalk hiffjJltfrf, smoanitM. 

LusTTirBS, •• Beanty, perfection. 

Bwail roia of nrtaw and of gantihiaa ; 
Mytnm lyUa of araria /tM^yiMa / ^ 

tmnly tbo amno with B. tami^ from Tont. loeCe, homo 
agreatia, inanlana, bardna, atolidna. Tbia ìa parfaapa 
rndically nlliad to Sil-G. kU^ pigHTf wlienoo heUta^ 
•ne. laiif ignnvin. 

LUTE, prei. Permitted. Y. Lurr. 
LUTE, preL Let out. 

—''Tbo poraonta qubn /tifo tbnir monoy to proflSut, 

'— haa oompallit tho reaaanaaria of tbo monay to nay 

in tjrmo of dartb tho annnelrant of ton, thraa, or roar 

boUu Tiotoall yeirlio for ilk bondrath markia money.** 

Acta Jn. VL, 1S07. Ed. 1814, p. 120. V. Lcn. 

LUTEBRIS, «. pL Prob. otter^s fur. 

"Item, ano flowno of puponrndvot, with ana braid 
paament of gold and ailvir, lynit with /ulenif, format 
with bnttoma of gold." Invontorlaa, A. Ifi30, p. 32. 
Luierdiif p. 77. 

Fr. Umirtt Lai. /vfni, L. B. Uter, an ottar. Lwierrit 
hara ovidantly donolaa aoma for uaod aa lining ; and 
wo find /(Mifret oonjoinad witb orminaa, in tha Catalan 
Conatitntiona, in a atatnto of Jamea L king of Araoon. 
Nao portet — noo onniniom, nao UUriam^ nao uiam 
pallam fraotam, noo aaaiblaya own anro val azganto ; 
aad orminium, vol Imtriam int^gram aimplioam aolnm- 
modo in longitodino tndaam drca capndam oapaa^ Ac. 
V. Dn Ganga^ to. Luier, and CutUUart, 


TUa lana aald man imik$ not, bnt tnka Ua ML 
And I abaftd nndir tha lafia^rena^ 

Lotd Hmka randan tbia, *«ramainad." If tbia bo 
tho aanao, it may bo alliad to Moaa.-0. tol-jan, Su.-0. 
laett-M^morari, otiari; tho pral ofton taking n inataad 
of a. It may indood bo fonnod from ìàt; and thoa 
aignify, took no notion. 

[LUTHEB, LuTHiR, «. and v. Same as 
LoniiNEB,LouNDER, LOUNTIB, q. V. Part 
/titWtfi, buheranf used also as a # ., BanfFs.] 

LUTHBIE,«. Lecheiy. 

Tbay loat baitb banifloa and pantioui that marelt, 
Ana onha ait flaah on Ftydayia waa tfntuigit ; 
It maid na mim qnhat madinia thar miacanit 
On fiwting dayia, thay were nocbt tirint nor hangit ; 
lioanoa for hUkrie fra thair lord belangit, ' 
To gif indolgenoa aa tha dariU did leir. 

Fkom tho ooonomon, it ia evident that the tenn here 
meana leobeiy. Bnt R. Olooc. naaa Ìuiher aa aiffnify- 
ing wiebedf in a general aenae ; and Uukerhede, GuMer' 

wioked. A.-S. iythrt, negnam. 

LUTTAIRD, adj. Bowed. A bUUdrd bat, 
a bowed back. 

Ana pyfc-tbank in a prslota cbayia, — 
With ht ahooMan. and luUaifd bak, 
QohUk aatara maid to beir a jpak. 

Dimòflr, MaiUand Poemt, p. lit 

O. Belg. led^ a down, and aerd, a termination do- 
Boting natniib kind. V. Locr, v. 

L U XTJSiN, pari. pa. Let, suffered, permitted, 

rd— ayna piay'd np tba ranaway bride. 
And liittiiiW tak tha gifli 




To LUVE» LuwB, «. o^ To iore. V. Lor. 
ItUWMEf liWMMf •• -A weAYing loonu 

oooui in oo^liuMtioQ with wioub 
•aqr to 1m ■ndsntood. 
of Ènm wtmm fmraic^ in* Im^ng iwrntf 
t«» Mi% MM warpMB lilk aa« pyiy qabeill, «0« pair 
eff wiipiia •teikii.^'Abnd. Bag., A. 1M5» V. 19. 

Wmmi aMBH to 1m for wooUtm, m ^fniiMr is for linca. 
lV>V9"*«04pn>biailj«BaUorlittbwh66L /UMiiMy 
te Ad% «) tewdlMb from A tho foot^ q. /ttie«. 

[LWBE| •• A luie, flesh for luring hawks.] 

fTo LwRB| «• a. To lore hawks, to train 
them widi the loie, to attract them to the 
CiJcQiier; prst./iir«. 

**Umt, tho b4* Aogosl [14811 In Lvthgow, to 
]>oway, foloottsrsod hii BBMi to pMi toliors ttaare halkia, 
zdiiiwaigii^zinqio.'' Acota. JL H. TkvMiuer, i. ISO, 


liiTABDLT, a<f 9. Sparingly. 

— *« And tho Mpb an to bo doiyrrà to be halpf ol to 
ifo m win gÌTotbooMtl to any wnUkt^ and aa for uthen 
to dtal! lifnrdlif w* tb/tm to diyra thorn to aoik after 
irwtM." Boo. SeorioB Anatnthor Weater, 1098, 
Ifatvilla'a Lif% iL 488. 

' Wtm Vmrd-ttf *'to got poocely, afowly, or by the 
' pamj ;"* from Ooni^ a amall ooin, "thefoBrth|!artof 
• «ol;''Oolgr. 

LTASEy 9. [A carpet, or cloth used as 

r^BMBSiL to bo the Jria^^a ì^art^ boluam, to lyne 
tfM Xingb ISaf«-of each zTi elne-zz Ub. X a. TiiJ d." 
AMtoTLTH. Tkoaauor. A. 1487.] 

**Itoa[^ aoa %af« ol ovMune^ velTett, with taa 
ewnhiwiiia of eramnMay TolTett, bordonrit with tresMÌa 
of fold. ItoBi, ana %a#« of pupnre velvett, with twa 
WMBhiimii off the ■amyna," 4a Invantorica, A. 153^ 

8aeh aa heroidi 

~ Aapannlly, from ito being etill oonjoined with 
guiioiM, a luiid of oarpel or cloth which lay on the 

I una only periiHio st the hoora of 

Tini. kgk^wtrdt ia opL anlaea, stmgala pictnrata, 
' ^ tojialiiM, toxtora ; Kiliaa. It may, however, denote 
eooM kkidof ooo^ : Teat ìatgkar^ itratun, Belg. Ugtr^ 

L YABT, «. The French coin called a liard ;