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This "O-P B(x>k" Is an Authorizkd Reprint of thk 
Original Edition, Proddckd by Micropilm-Xkrography by 
Univkrhity Microfilm.h, Inc., Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1964 





• • 



















r r 6 7 






• « 




DA,«. Day. 

B itii i mi abom all ttbtrii hii iiMiiyv^ 

Hm ptpfl diBpIt of Bqnioola 

Tteft iMid ftmii IumL tolit monr (ia. 

Any. Vw^ m la v. Daw. 

DA; Dab, Dat, §. Doe. 

— **Kt hain Wooda, Fomatcf, Parkea, Hanyngea, 
DtL Ba» HartL Hynda* fallonr deir, pheaant, foallaa 
and vtliaia wild beaatea within tha aame, ara graat- 
tnmlj daatnmd." Acta Ja. VL, 1694, o. 210. 

A.-& da^ IW daa, id. 

DA, #• A duggaid. Y. Daw. 
DA^ «. Fn>b.» a piece, a portion. 

** Ana 4a of enmiiioaie ralvot ambioderit with gold, 
anntaning tha niif of tha hoid peoa, and thra donbla 
pMdi^qtt- • --^ • • - • *" • • • 

•BO of tha 

paadia^ gnhAixof thair ia to* lang and ane acfaort, and 

LiTOBtoffiaa^ A. tNB, p. 205. 

pandia wantia 

freinyeia of gold." 

On thia do from A.-S. dal, a diTiaion, or da^ a Dor* 
««. Il-hl ,««o«t in tl. «d of ««x wordTm 

A.-& da^ daaot ia rendarad "aparanm, any thing 
that iaiooaa and hanging abroad;" Somn. 8.6. chittr, 
daaotaa tkrtry amall portton. V. Daw, a., an atom. 

DAAB. oA*. Dear, in price ; compar. daarer^ 
aapeii. daarut; Abera. V. Daarab. 

To DAJ\ Daub, v. o. 1. To peck^ as birds 

Wad dmMi, Robin I thara'a aoma nair, 
Baath graata an' barlaj, dinna span. 

!• To prick, slightly to pierce; used in the 
of jag^ fi. job. 

Tha then that AiAf 111 eat it down. 
Thoogh iUr tha roae may bai 

't Pts^ular BaHf L S7. 

Toat. J a U t Bt loiEDdara, fodioara. 

Dab, g. . 1. Astroke from the beak of a bird| 
S.; a bloW| A. Bor. 


2. Used to denote a smart push with a broken 
sword or pointless weapon; in allusion, doubt- 
less, to a bird's pecking with its bilL 

*' Aa ha waa roooTarinff himaalf, I gay« him a dab in 
tha month with m^ brokan aword, which ywy much 
hnit him ; bat ha amiing a aeoond throat, which I had 
likawiaa tha ^^ood fortana to pat by, uid haying aa 
bafora giyan hmi another dab in the mouth, ha imme- 
diately went o£^ for fear of tha panaen." Memoira 
of Gapt. Gruchton, p. 82. 

Hara iia6 ia obfiooaly oontraatad with throat. 

DABACH, g. A stroke or blow, Buchan. 

Pkobahly a dtmin. from IM, a atroko. GaaL dio- 
hadk, howayer, ia a prick, a point. 

To DABBERy Deter, v. o. To confound or 
stupify one by talking so rapidly that one 
cannot understand what is said, I>umf r. 

aaema to ba merely a proyindal yariety of 
DotMT, X>at«er, v. a. 

Probably allied to the firat part of Pibber-derrp, 
confnaad aebate. GaaL deabk-am aignifiea **to battle, 
to enooonter," Shaw. 

DABBIESy #• pL HalVf also pronounced 
Helfyf Dahbiei. 1. The designation still 

gWen in Gkdloway to the bread used in the 
acrament of the Lord's Supper. This is 
not baked in the form of a loaf, but in cakes 
such as are generally called Shortbread. 

2. The Tulgar name still mven in Edinburgh 
to a species of cake baked with butter, 
otherwise called PetdcwUriaiU ; in Dundee, 
Holy Daupiet. 

Tbcj hayo obyioaaly bean denominated J[>abbie9, aa 
bains ponctared, from the y. to Dab, and Halff HtUy, 
or hSy, aa being cooaacratod to a reUgioaa nae. HtUy 





k tfct B w oui whU oa of tlM ttrm ia DomlriaHhire. 
lUi k&d of braML H b mppoted, b«d boen pra- 
kmd to tha ia tbs form of a loiif, in imiUtion 
of tho salMnrtnod oikat uaad bj th« Jewi in the 
ftowfomaid of oowM in the firft oelebrmtion of the 
Btffut, Hm korned Bingham, however, oontenda 
mk^ m «e fnl ogee of GhrutiAnity, leavened 
d WM ooBBOoly need in the Sapper ; and ahewa 
it WM not till the eleventh oentarr that nnlea- 
biead wm introduoed in the Eoman ritual 
Antif. ChriaL Chareh, & zv. a 2. 
Da OuKfe lefen to aome kind of bread resembling 

Tom. Lpi 


onotiaff from the Monaatioon Anglicanum, 

4ML Molendariam septem panes de oon- 

de Frkbed-Bread. Vo. Panit. 

DABERLACK, $. U*^ A kind of long sea- 
w«ed ;^ GL Suit. Nairn. 

2.^ Any wet dtrtj stimp of cloth or leather ;** 
ibid. In diis sense it is often used to signify 
tlie la^ of a tattered garment. Evidently 
dnnominited from its resemblance to long 

8. Apj^liad to tlia hair of the head, when hang- 
ing in lank, tangled, and separate locks; ibid. 

DABLET, Daxblbt, #. An imp, a little devO. 
This epithet is given to one who is repre- 
seated as the <^pring of an Incubus^ 

a& the vifad siatsn had thns.voted ia one voce 

llMdsldof the DtkUi, thte syne thev withdraw, 
" waght it little ■ 

• dav dew. 

J Ott, iiL IS. y. also p. 82. 

Iblat it ly ahM^ tl«j thooght it little lose, 
b a dsa Ss a dyke on the day dew 

rir. dUUdmm, id., dimin. from dMU. V. Mack- 

DAOHAN, (gntt), s. A ^ony dwarfish crea- 
tars^ Bachaa; sjmon. with Ablaehf Wary' 

OmL da §e k t a periwinkle ; Tent, doeie, a poppet. 

To DACEEB, Dakeb, Daiker, v. a. 1. To 
sesrch, to ezunine ; to search for stolen 

— Hm SifitiaBs win bat doabt be hers, 
Ha 4adbr lor her as for robbed gear ; 
And whak has we a ooater thsm to sajt 
The fMiH prove UseU gin we denv. 

Rou^s Bdmtare, pi SL 

Bat Pler^, wi' the ikose earl Warren. 

lad CVsmiwghsni. (Ul mat he speedO 
lie rfaf hnVin' sax thousand mair, 

Wnm Oo^ar to Berwick npoa Tweed. 

Jwmimm*§ PtgftUar BaiL, iL ISa 

S. To engage^ to grapple, S. B. 

IdMbr^ii wf him bj mvsel', 
. TewiAtittomjkavel; 
Aij^gin je near Cs got the daj, 
we parted oa a neveL 

JRmbu im th§ Bu^am Dialed, p. IOl 

8. "* To toQ as in job work^ to labour." Sibb. 
also gives doekar in the same sense. 

Ihii oorremoads to one aenae given of the K pit>- 
viaeial eu *' 3*e daker, to work for hire, after the oom- 
ama daj'a work ia over, at 2d. an hoar." Thoresby, 
Baj'a Lett, p. 19S. 

4. To truck, to traffick. Loth. 

Thia aeems the same word, althooffh ased in various 
aenaea. Sibb. thinks that it baa probably been formed 
from darg, a day's work. But m what manner? It 
may be allied to OaeL deaehair-amt to follow. Thia 
etjfinon is tbandantly consonant to the first sense ; aa 
•earcKmg ia often designed /ottowmg after, even in 
relation to what is stolen. With very little obliquity, 
it miffht also inolude the second. As to tiie other two, 
the £. 9. is also used to denote one's employment or 
occapations aa it is commonly said, "What trade does 
he^oMoto/** Flem. daeclser-en seems likewise to claim 
affinity, aa sij^nifying to fly aboat, also to vibrate, 
volitare, motari ; vibrare, coruacare, Kilian. 

It properiy aignifies to deal in a piddling and loose 
sort of way ; aa allied ii\ sense to K higgle. 

5. To be engaged about any piece of work in 
which one does not make great exertion ; to 
be slightly employed ; S. 

One ia said to daiier in a houm, to manage the con- 
oema of a family in a slow but steady way. One daik- 
ere %nth another, when there is mutual co-operation be- 
tween thoee who live together. They are said to daik- 
<r JIme, when they agree so weU aa to co-operate eSisc- 
tively, S. 

6. To stroll, or go about in a careless maimer, 
not having much to do, Bozb. 

«' ' The d 'a in the daidlingbody', muttered Jeany 

between her teeth; 'wha waid hae thought o' his 
daikering out thia length?'" Talea of my LandL 2d Ser. 
L 237. '< Daikering, aaunteiing ;" GL 

7. To go about in a feeble or infirm state, Ettr. 

8. To Daiier on, to continue in any situation, 
or engage in any business^ in a state of ir- 
resolution whether to quit it or not, to hang 
on, S. 


I hae been flitting every term theee four and 
twentv yean ; but when the time comes, there's aye 
something to saw that I would like to see sawn, — and 
aae I e'en deUker en wi' the family free year's end to 
year's end." Bob Boy, L 135. 

9. To Daiker up the OcUe^ to jog or walk slowly 
up a street, S. 

"FU p«y your thousand punds Soots, plack and 
bawbee, gin ye'U be an honest fallow for anes, and just 
daiker up the gate wi' this Sassenach." Bob Boy, ii. 

Dacker, s. Struggle, Ang. 

»— I fear our herds are taen. 
An' its sair bora o' me that they're slain. 
For they grsat docker made, an tulyi'd Strang, 
Brs they wad yield an' Ist toe cattle gang. 

itos's BeUnere, pi 28. 

The orisinal reading Docker ia need, 3d Ed. Thia 
corresponds with sense 2 of Dacker, to grapple, S. B. 
A. Bor. "Daker, a dispute or argumentetive conver- 
aation ;" Grose. 

DACKLE, s. 1. A state of suspense, or hesi- 
tation; applied both to sensible objects and 
to the mind, S. B. 

When the weather ia not aettled, so that it is neither 
froet nor thaw, or when it seems uncertain whether it 
will be fmr or rainy, it ia said to be "in a dackle,** 




nil Mioia aUied to A. Bor. dadcr we aiker , moerUia 
or ttUNttUd WMthor; OIL Orooo. TIm maiket it aaid 
to be "In ft dadtUt" wImh pnrohiMn are keeping ofl^ 
Wider the idea of the prioee not being oome to their 
proper lereL The fame eipnoeion it alao need ai to 
the mind, when in n etnte of donbt 

S. Dackk is ezpL ** the fading of the fire when 
the heat abates ;** GL Sorv* Nairn. 

In Tinoolne. to Daeter eignifiee to wmTor, to etejgger. 
Thii Skinn. dednoee from Belg. dtueber-en motitare, 
TolitMjs from daeck, nebuln, became the eloady vapoun 
are driTon hither aiid thither bj the alighteet puff of 

8n.-G. twek^ to donbt^ from two, two^ becanae 
fan thia atnte the mind ia divided. It mnat be acknow- 

ledged, howerer, that dadUe, ae applied to the weather, 
a itrong reeemblanoe to uL dbAno, nigredo, 

opacnm onid. 

el nnbilvm;. Q« Andr., p. 45. V. 

DAOKJLDX^parLpr. 1. In a stateof doubti S.B. 

2. In a seoondaiy sense, dow^ dilatory, S. B. 

Dagklim; #• A slight shower ; '' a dackUn of 
nun,'*S.B.; thus d^ominated, because such 
a shower often falls, when it seems uncertain 
whether the weather will clear up or not. 

DACKLIE, adj. 1. Of a swarthy complexion, 

S. Pale, having a sickly appearance^ ibid. 

Id. damdb^^ do^dk^^ obecnrna. It ia conjoined with 
many other words; aa, damklMar^ nigro-coemleua, 
dark-blne ; dkuittraiMl-r, nigro-rnber, dark-red, Jeo. 

To DACRE ene^ V. a. To inflict corporal 
ponishment on one ; as, **VVL dacre ye,** spoken 
jocosely, Dnmfr. 

A worthy friend ooigeotnrM that the term had or- 
iginated from the aererity of Lord /)acre in hia inroada 
on the Border. 

To DAD, Daud, v. o. 1. To thrash, S. B. 

rte Uvfai' Tot and weeL 
Iho* cnfl and dauded gayaa aaU'. 
ttnoe hMt I left that liuUeM A— , 
Thro* BMny a moor an' fid*. 

A. WOm'j PkMsw, 1790, pi SSSi 
It IB a m i to be uaed ae mon. with ei/l, ie. beat ; 
both tenna bearing a metaphorical aense. 

*'I waa gann hame thinking nae ill, an' weary fa' 
tte hiaiiee thae hae cttifed me an' daddit me, till they 
hae nae left a hale bane i' my hoik." Sioon and Gael, 

*'Orowinff warm with hia nngoepel rhetoric, he 
bogHi to rau and to dmid the polpit, in condemnation 
of the apirit which had kithed m Edinbunrh." R. 
Oilhaiae, ii 112. ^ 

S. To dash, to drive forcibly, S. He dadded 
kU head againat the wa\ S. He dadded to 
Ae door^ he shut the door with Tiolence, S. 
Sdm, in coUoqnial £., is used in the same 

e fitt|it hia hafar, he Uebbert and gnt, 
Andto a itane d^odtfil his pow. 
Bit mother came oat, aad wi* the dididout 
She daddit aboat hia mow. 

nil laid, he AhUmT to the yate. 

Rammft P ot mi, 11 87a 

Then took Ui bonnet to the bent. 

iMl» L SSQL 

-*An' danght a divot free their towBr« 
An' dmSlU down their etaadard. 

Mtfk J, IfteoCs Poimi, IL 9. 

"Svm bngia maid the preiatia patronnia at the (bat ; 
hot when they aaw the febilnea of thair Qod, for one 
tnke him be the healUa, and dadding hia heid to the 
calaay, left Daoonn w^thoat heid or handia, and aaid, 
F}f upoun the, Mow woung Sanct OtiU^ (Ay Father wold 
have tarjftd/aar anclU." Knox's Hiai, p. 05. 

8. To throw mire or dirt so as to bespatter, S. 

Whae'er they meet that winna draw, 
Mann hae lus li 

Mann hae lus Inn weal blaudit. 
Wl' hard sqneex'd bnmmin ba's o' 
An' a' his deathin <iaiMf tl 

Wl'ghuir that day. . 

Rn, /. IfieotB ppcaw, L SSL 

Tent, dodde, a dnb^ fnatts, clava morionia ; 
Moea-O. daadadiaH, In ns-cfaiMlecf^afs anzioody to 
atrire^ oertare aoUidte. 

To Dad down, v. n. To fall or clap down 
forcibly and with noise, S. 

Bwith to CastaUas' fountain brink. 
Dad down a grouf, and tak a drink. 

Dad, «• 1. A sudden and violent motion or 
stroke ; a slam. He fell with a dad^ He fell 
with such force as to receive a severe blow, 


He, like a IklL 

Play'd dad, aad daag the bark 
Alfs shins that day. 

Ramimif^s Bxa u , L 27a 

2. It is also nsed to denote a blow given by 
one person to another; Galloway, South of S. 

At fUit, aboon the ooontia lads 
Olb beki his head right canty; 

Whoe'er dkl slight him (at a datMl, 
Whenefer he was ran^. 

Damdaom's Smtamt^ p. IS. 

Btffl he ooTd, an' stm die knaekl'd, 
Waeeacks t when die dsngh na cheep, 
Tho' her skin wi' ilnff was speckl'd, 
BhMsk an' white, lifce Jacob's sheepi , 

3. Used to denote the act of beating with the 
hands, as expressive of a plaudit, &umf r. 

DomlHss. snd a' its bonny Lamss, 

And gsllant Lads, 
Wars drank in magnnm-bcnam gjsisss, 


Maifn^$ SaUr €ha^ p, 67. 

" Ruf* aad Dade. ThnmpiDg with hands and feet." 

Daddins, «• pL A beating; Fee gCe you 
your daddine ; I will beat you, Fife. 

DAD, 9. A laige piece. V. Dawd. 

DAD. Dad a bitj not a whit ; a minced oath, 
dad being expL as equivalent to devil, 

la short he was wi' gab see sifted, 
nat dad a tit cooldl jet shifted, fcc 

Ttiftar's & F^mu, p. 181. 




DADDIE^ §. A fadier; the term most com- 
noolj used bj the children of the peaaantiy, 

Dk. Joki^glTMiXMl^fM an E. iroid, bat without 
aqr enmpb; norhM lb, Todd giTwi aaj. 

l^Aiitfy ii a kaako^d eule, 
^UU BM twin wi' hfti gear : 
HItbIbbj ilM'a a hfWing wili% 
^Bad'a ft tha hovM a^ttoer. 

To DADDLEy DaiDi^ v. a. 1. To draggle, 
to bemire one's clothes^ S. 

S* To mismana^ to do any woilc in a slovenly 
imjm Meat is said to be dauUed when im- 
p0q;ierl/ cooked; clothes^ when ill-washed; 

Shan wa Tkw tliia aa nUtedto bL Icu^ laatamenr 
whanoa Bnrnau dariTaa Sil-O. tadla, to aoooae, oenaan^ 
to lapnhandy q. odUiitiilara. 

To DADDLEy Daidu, v. n. 1. To be slow 
in motion or action. ^A<iau2&i^ creature,'* 
one who is tardy or inactive. Dawdle, 

S. To waddle, to wr^le in walking. ^*He 
daidle$ like a duik»^e waddles as a dock, 
8«$ ''to walk unsteadily like a chikl; to 
waddk^** A. Bor. GL Grose. 

8b To be feeble or apparently unfit for ezer- 

**'Toaa6mathfiftlaaaaiid/6sEen2Miicarla; whatean 

7« do te a aiohfa kdrng?' 'Awad, thrifdeaa 

aodia^ can vo kama wool? that'a d 

an yo aama wool? uiat'a dainty wark for aio 
ho^a.'" Blaekw. Mag., Jan. 182I» p. 407. 

4. To daddU and drink, to wander from place 
to pfaux in a tippling way; or merely to 
tipple^ S. 

Thia «. ii piohaUy allied to Ikmdie, q. r. 

5. Applied to one addicted to prostitution, 

Daiduho, part. pr. Silly, mean-spirited, 
pusillanimous, S. 

^'Ho'a bat a oowazd body after a',— he's bnt a 
A tMB a j r eoward body. He'U nerer fill Rnmbleberzy'e 
bonaai— Rnmbleberry foiuht and flyted like a fleeing 
dn^pm.'^ IMea of My Landlord, ill. 79. 

DADDLE, Daddlql b. A cloth nut on the 
breast of a child, to keep it rlean auriiig the 
timd of eatioj^ a larger sort of bib, S. 

To DADE. Piob., to suck. 

— Whkh aooiish'd and brad «p at her meet plenteooi pap, 
No sooner btooght to dlocff, bat nom their motner trip. 

DroyiM'j Fol^olb,, pi 989L 

Bit eatly Ikom her aovroe as Isis gently dadu, 


If y learned friend Archdeaoon Kares, in his valuable 
Okesary, hae aaid : **Trom the oontezt* in both pUcoB, 
H seems to mean to /ow ; bnt I have not found it any 
when BOtkodp nor ean goees at its derivation. " 

In reading the pasaagOp it oocnrred to me that the 
natural sense of the term, in the fimt quotation, was 
to snok t and I am oonfirmed in this idea from obser- 
▼log that it so nearly reaembles the Moea^. v. This 
is aadd'jant lactare. Pioi tkaim quUhukaftom Jah 
daeUffonnein, " Wo to them that aio with child, and 
that give suck." Mar. ziii 17. 

The meaning of the first quotation seems to be, that 
the^ had no sooner learsed to judfc than they forsook 
their mother. In the second, it may without an^ vio- 
lence bear the same signification, bis may poetically 
be said to suck or dmw her supplies from hSr source, 
in allusion to a mother's breast. 

Notwithstanding the change of letten of the same 
Offi^pm, we recognise the BCoes-O. term in A.-S. ItM, 
Fhs. iUie, Gr. nr^if, and E. teal. In Qerm. it appears 
intheformof <fiUte,andinC.B.ofcl»tleii. TheMoes-G. 
V. most nearly resembles the Heb. j. TI, dadp mammai 

To DAFF, V. ft. 1. To be foolish. 

Te can pen out twa enple, and ye pleli, 
YouxmIx and I, old Soot and Robert Soraple. 
Qohen we ar deid, that all our dayis bat OtufiSt 
Lit GhrUtsn Lyndesay wryt oar epttaphit. 

Mamtgomeng M&, Chr<^ SL P. UL 600. 

Lea?e Bogles, Brownies, Oyre-carlingt k Gaists ; 
Dastard, thoa daff$, that with aach devil^ mels ; 
niy rsason lafouis of rsek, and nothing eue. 

PQhMH. WaUoH'M Coll. UL 27. 

HsBoa 0. E. daft^ fooL 

Thondotest, dafe^ quod she, doll srs thy wittes. 

P. Ftomghim€»^ F. 6. b. 

W han this Jape is tald another day, 
I shall be balden a dafft, or a cokenay. 

ChoMC. Ami r. 4206L V. Daft. 

To doft^ A. Bor. atiU aignifiea to daunt. 

2. To make sport, Lanarks. 

-^Well hanld our court "mid the roaring lins. 
And ci(^ in the kshan' tide. 

Jfannaulffi qfCl^de, JBdin. Mag,, Map 1820. 

But dinnse pu* the dead men's bells, 
That see proad ower the gray cndgi hing ; 

For in their enp, whan the sen it up, 
/w#our noDie qaeen an' king. 

BtUUJ, £duk Mag., Oct 1818, pi 828. 

3. To toji rather conveying the idea of wan- 
tonnessy A7T8.9 S.B., S.D. 

Gome yont the green an' d^fwV mob 
My chaining dainty Davy. 

Piekm's P^tmi, L 17^ 

*Ob the fields, they tak them bields, 
An' dank them side by side, 

nrra^t Poeau, p. 97. 

Daffebt, 8. 1. Romping frolickflomenessi S. 
2. Thooghtlessnessy folly, S. B. 

By rackligence she with my lassie met, 
Trntt wad be fain her company to get; 
VHuL in her d^ferg had run oer the score. 

Rou^s Md^nortt pc iNX 

DAFFiNy DaffinO| 9. 1. Folly in a general 
lena^ S* 

But tis a tfq^ to debate. 
And anrgls-baigain with onr fate. 

Ramm^B Potmit L 88& 

Bnt weVs use sooner fools to give consent, 
Than we onr daffin and tint power npent 

lUd., VL 128. 

2. Pastime, gaietyi S.; like dafery. 

Qahat kind of dqfing is this al day t 
oayith snakes, oat of the feild, away. 

Lgndiog, £L P. Repr,, iL 201. 




S. Uiied to denote matrimonial interooonei 
FinL a R Bepr^ liL 89. 

4. Foolish or excessive divenion. 

**Flaj u mod. Irat dii^ii dow nol;*' Pitot.- S. 
**spokMi to them who *re nlly and impertiiiently 
foolbh in their pUy ;** KeUy. r- j 

5* Loose conversation, smutty language, S. 

**Flor jOBfMl, Jenny, yell be dWl to a' the folk, 
and tnke nee heed o' ony noneenae and deMng the 
young hkb may aay t'ye ;— your mother, reet her aaul, 
ooola pit op wi' aa mackle aa maiat women — but aff 
handa u fair play ; and if ony body be nncivil ye may 
gt'emeacry/* Talea of ray Landlord, ii. 71. 

6. <«DaIIving*' indelicate toying, S. OL 

7* Sefangementy frenzy* 

** Going to Fhmoe^ there he Cilia into a phxefiae and 
iMlNe lAiofa heaped him to hia death.^' MelviU'a 

DAFrmo, vart adj. ^bSarrjy gay, light- 
hearted, o. 

**See that ya make m good hoaband to her, Willie ; 
for, thoogh ahe baa a deOhig way with her, ahe could 
BOfer bide m haid woid a^her daya." Petticoat Talei, 

DatTi adj. 1. DelirioQs, insane, S. A. Bor. ; 
stnpidi blockishy daunted, foolish. 

Thia IB eridantljr tbe primary aenie. All the nor- 
than wofda mentioned aa oognatea of the v. dqf, 
«BB6pt Mod. Saz. dcuhen, denote a mere privation of 
wuDOt from whateTur canae, without inoludmg tiie idea 
of foxy. Now, there ia a remarkable analogy in the 
vaa of the adj. daft. For it doea not property denote 
one who ia ntriona, but merely a penon deranged, 
wbether in a greater or leas degree. When a man ia 
fnijouab either the tenn wod or mad ia uaed. Thia 
diatinction ia deari^ marked hj Bellenden, acoording 
to what he had conaidefed aa the deaignof the originid 


' Howbeit the pepill [of Orkney] be geuin to ezoea- 
~ ' " I, and oe plenty of beir makia the ataikeat 
ail of Albioun, yit nana of thaym ar aene wod^ deyft, or 
drankin." Deaisr. Alb., e. lo. KuUua tamen in ea 
uaquam ebriua aut mente alienatua viaua, nullua amena 
eutatolidua; Booth. 

**He'a aa ma dc^ aa he lata on ;" Feiguaon'a S. 
Ptpor;, p. 17, Implied to one who ia more knave than 

Thia term aiMoa to be need by Balfour, aa aynon. 

*'He that ia maid and oonatitute under the quarter 
aaill— to be euratour, guyder and ^vemour to ane 
penoun, aa unnatural, deift, and idiot, hea powar be 
vertue of hia oflioe^ to have and retene in hia keiping 
the aaid idiotia penoun," ko, Practicka, p. 123. 

S. Foolish, unwise, S.; daftUt^ superL 

Thow ait the d^M fUl that erir I law. 
IVowii TOW, naa, be the bw to get remeid 
OfflMnofkirkt na nevir tiU thow be deid. 

Lyndmp, Pink & P. Jt, IL S5. 

"Hud Qufliia] ayn greuoualy in twa pointia. Fint, 
|df thai landuuUv ken ony aiclike misdoara within 
tnair boundia quhairof thai haif auctoritie k thoUa 
thame^ lukia at thame throw thair fingaria, k will 
Booht punta thame, other for lufe of geir or carnal 
aSRKtion or aum rther dq/t opinioun, be resone qnharof 
miadoara takis mair baldnea to perMuere in euiC k the 

ooouBon weil ia hurl i" Abp. Hamiltonn'a OataohiameL 
VU% VoL SO. a. 

*'My dt^ opinion waa, that I might atand by 
hoaeaty and vertue, which I find now to be but a vain 
Imaginati on, and a acholastical diacourM, unmeet to 
bring men to anv proper preferment." Melvil'a Mem. 
Addreai to hia Son, prefixed. 

8. Oiddj, thoughtless, S. 

Qahea ye your eeUb ar d<n/t and young, 
And bee nocht bot ane pjrat toong ; 
Te knew els mekill as ane gate. 
That eallia this onloor aoe abase. 

XNolfe^. sine Tit JUi^ Qn;. Marp. 

It ia "betwix ana Clerk and a Courtier." 

4. Playful, blithe, sportive, innocently gay, S. 

^'Adtfft nourioe makea a wiae wean ;" Ramaay^a S. 
PMiT., p. 1« i.a. A child thrives beat with a lively 

Wr ehesee an' nappie noor-cakas, aald 
An' young weel flud an' daft are. 

JU9. Ju NicoC9 pQtmif I 27. 

5. Very gay, fiolicksome^ disposed to go to ex« 
cess in mirth, S. 

Then Colin says. Come, deary, gee's a saag. 
And let's bo hMity wita the merry thrang : 
Awm, she savs, fool man, je're growing tn, ; 
Whaever's oq/t to day, it setsna yoo. 

Rou^t Sdmort, p. U7. 

Well rsel an' ramble tiuo' the sanda, 

An' Jeer wi' a' we meet ; 
Nor hip the dtufl an' gleesome bands 
That mi Edma's streets 
See thrang this day, 

F^r^fuatom's Poim § ^ IL 40. 

6. Wanton, S. 

For ^tle blades, wba hsTe a fouth o' cash 
To dit fouk's mon's, ne'er meet w* ony fash. 
However de^ thejr wi' the lasses be. 
It's ay o'erlook'd. gin they but pay the fee. 

Sktrr^ Foemt, p 68. V. ILair, «l 

7. Extremely eager for the attainment of any 
object, or foolishly fond in die possession of 

it, a 

Bay derivea daft from the v. dtufe, to daunt, A. Bor. 
Sibbw thinks dafin may be q. ffoj/in, from Tent. aa6* 
bertm, nngari, jocari ; or gaehelen, cachinnare. It ia 
atrange tlmt he should reeort to an etymon eo forced, 
when he had Jnniua open before him. ** But Juniua," 
he aaya, "would aeem to connect theee worda with 
DwtL, dqftten, iffnavua, inera, torpidua, between the 
priniary aense ox which (dfof) ana the Soottiah aigni* 
ncation, there can be no analocy." 

"/>c|/),— fond, anxioua;" Ol Shirrefs. 

But diaf,, ao fiur from being the primary aenae of 
Dan. dofutn, doven, ia not a aenae of it at all ; and this 
ia only a secondary aenae of IsL dat^f-r^ Su.-0. dotf* 
Juniua, in thia instance, undoubtedly hit on the true 
etymon, or at least ahewed the way to it. The nor- 
thern dialecta afford a variety of terms closely allied to 
thia and its derivativea. Mod. Sax. daofn^ to be mad 
or inaani^ furere, inaanire ; Oerm. taub-tH, O. Teut. 
doovfm^ insanire, delirare, Kilian. Su.-Q. dofwa, to 
atupify, aensn privare, clo/Wo, to become stupid, atup- 
ere, duu^fna^ to fail, fatiacere ; lal. dat{fr, danf, danft, 
insipidtta, Su.-0. doe/, stupidua, di{fioen, id. Id. do/e^ 
atupor. A.-S. dqfung, deliramentum. Teut. doo/ van 
tinnen, amena, delima Kilian. Ihre, vo. do/wa, refers 
to Moea-Q. daubs am a cognate term ; danlhata kairiOf 
oor aensu carens. Marc. viii. 17. Oa-daubiJa ise 
Aaute-fio, aensu privavit oor eorum. Job. xiL 40. 
May we not add, aa analogoua in aenae to the nor^ 




HeK ain, daah, Ungidt, ddoiti 
hh% fWflf dabtUk^ dolor, mooror? It will ftppear. 
Moid^ on otrtfal i»ainin«tiop, that a Bomber ol 
flkir tmwM^ dnoiing faintneia or weaknoM, whethor 
if b^f or aiiBd» woioh liaTo not been tappoaed to 
kilt* tmf afliaitj to dt^fi, acknowledge tae aamo 
MBanl omiai aa daw^ daw^ to tadt, do^, dowers 
mSd^ Ao; Tka ndical word, aooording to Uu% ia 
' M^ daU^iiiiUi animi. V. Daw. 

Siafv M Bi«eh need in TiUnr oonT«aatioii aa if it 

■0 A & with lib praazed, S. 

OoaMb kUUa^^Uh It pair and pair, 
-XAf d4^^ Blglit 

M^rimm'a Poim $ , pi IBL 

Dm DATB^ tho0e in England denominated the 
GlniitDiaa bolidaya^ S. 

ne D^ 1%\ ia the title of one of Fei|;iuaoo'a 
Bnbm^ ii. 10^1 Mid alao of one of Bfr. Kicol's, i. 24. 

TiMgr kaTO oridently raoeiTed this deaignation, in 
va%pr ka^gaafe^ froaa the merriment indiuged, froaa 
Hbb jmmwnnrial, at thie aeaaon. It correepooda to 
tka fh fkU dm Fhmx^ giTon to the gambola and mimie 
nfmaMtatiooa longoDaenred at i& beginning of tlie 
v. Axmn ttCUmaaBOxnt^ and Tvlb. 

DijnmBif odf. In some degree deranged, S.; 
a diminutive from DafL 

DMnuKM^odj. 1. Having tlie appearance of 

J* ^■•JTFI^PijH^ ¥f^ J-hont Baiildy, lean : 
I WMne win thia tolyie kid been Men. 
^kwm d^ftKH 

••Hmr think 

yooL Lnckie, mid * I, tk«k hia ho* 
iroQid hae done 810 n dl(|^-/iibe thin|^ 
aa to gb grand weel worth fifty ahiUingi an acre, for a 
—iliM tfct would be dear o^ a pundTSoota." 

Ijaaij, 1. U> 

S« Havuig a strange or awkward appearance^ 

*'1kii he akaolvtely xefoaed, lor fear leat aha ihovld 
*tani kiM into aome dqftMl» beast,' aa he expreaaed 
tt." BkowBia of Bodabeok, fto. ii. 331. 

S. Bcf tnbling derangement^ S. 

*'1lka other btoke aoddenlr ont into an immoderate 
4^^Mfti laogk tkat WM reddy awfuL" The Steam- 

^ ' pt ea. 

DattlTj adv. 1. FooIiBhty, S. 

other cbiet maj dtJUy aing^ 
kH« bat Uttle of the thing. 

itoaiMy'a WorkB^ L 141 

!• Menilj^ gaily, S. 

•^Mdliag lafflnlM o^er the lawn 

DiRKESSi #• 1* Foolishness. 

**lka word of the eroeae aemia to be dqftne» and 
USm to thame that periachia and ia eondamnit, hot to 
tkame that ar aaiflit it ia the Tertew and powar id 
CM." Abp. Hamiltonn'a Catechiame, 166Z FoL 101. 
k IkM ifiillieia ia rendered. 

S. Fatoily, insani^i S. 

Bat, Jtaajt ean yon teU na of any inatanoe of 
The Entail, u. 17S. 

DAFFICK, 8. A coarse tab or trongh, in 
which the food of cattle is pat, Orkney. 

ToDAO, v-o. To shoot, to let fly. 

"They achot apeiria, and daggii arrowia, onhair the 
onmpaneia war thiekeet'* Knox'a Hiat., p. 30. 

From dag^ a hand-gon | IV. do^-n^r, to atab with a 

To DAG, V. 11.9 used impersonally. To rain 
pntly. /to daggin pn, there is a small rain, 

Lanoaah. dea ia eridentlv a oocnate term. "To 
wet» to sprinlue water on ;*' Tim K>bbin8. 

Thia exactly ooiiteponde to IiL tkad doffffuar, plait; 
from dogg-MOt rigo^ irrigo^ G. Andr. Sw. dmgg-a, to 

Dao, a. 1. A thin, or gentle rain, S. Isl. 
d(iii^jj)luvia9 Sw. dagg^ a tliick or drizzling 
rain, Wideg. Daggf dew, A. Bor. Lye 
supposes that this word was left by the 
Danes ; Add. Jun. Etym. vo. Daggle. 

In Dan. d aaaomea the form of f, a rery common 
chanfle in the northern langnagea ; iaoffet a miit or fog: 
taalde taaget a edid miat» aa we aay ia S. "a canB 

8. A thick f o(g a nust. This is the general 
sense in the South and West of S. Su.«-0. 
dagg, dew, dugg^regn^ mist. 

8. A heavy showery Ayrs. Hence : — 

To Daoole, v. n. To fall in torrents, Ayrs. 

Daooie, adj» Drizzling. A doggie day^ S.^ 
a day characterised by slight rain. Dawkie 

DAGE, 8. A trollop, a dirty mismanaging 
woman, Teviotd. 

Thia iajnrobably the aame with Daw, J>a, a., aa uaed 
in aenae i, onlv differing in pronunciation. It may, 
howoTer, be tne Dan. tenn daeggt^ preeerred from 
the time of tiie Northumbrian kingdom. Thia ai^fiea 
*'a minion, a darling ;" and often the line of diatino* 
tioQ cannot eaaily be drawn between a darling and a 

DAQGLER, e. A lounger, an idler, Fife. 

Perhue from E. dogpts, r., aa denoting one who 
bemirea nimaelf in going from place to place. 

DAOH, Daigh, b. Dough. 

•*But the wind will btow that god to the aea, the 
rain or the enow will make it dagk again, yea, which 
ia moat of all to be feared, that god ia a pray (if he be 
not wel kept) to rattee and miae. For they wiU desyre 
BO better aenner than white round ffods ynew.** 
BeaKming, Croeraguell, &c. ProL iii. a. V. Daioh. 

To D AIBLE, V. a. To wash in a slight way, 
Roxb. ; £. dabble is synon. 

[Daiblin, part, pree. Paddling, dabbling ; as, 
**The bairns are daiblin in the bum,'' 
Clydes.] . 




DaiblB| •• A slight washing; as, ^The 
claise has gotten a bit datbU^ ihid. 

To DAIBLEy V. m To go aboat in an inactive 
and feeble way; generally applied to chil- 
dren» Ettr. For. 

Vr. dUNU, iMbto, infimi Ut dMl-it, id. 

To DAIGKLE, v. n. To hesitate, to feel 
reluctant, Ayrs. V. Dackle. 

ToDAIDLE^v.n. To trifle, S. V.Daddle. 

Daidleb, #• A trifler, Domfr. 

DAIDLE, Daidlib, 9. A larger sort of bib, 
used for keeping the clothes of children clean, 
a pin-afore, S. 

Thia I hftTe fonnerly given at IkMUt which does 
DOt ao well ezpren the aoimd. 

I have mat with thia word only in a party-aong, 
meant to ezpoae to ridicule the whole qondttct of the 
Oovenantara in aboliahing epiaoopacy. By '* the aarlc 
el Qody" mnat be q|eant the aurplioe. 

Jockey ahall wear the hood» 
Jenny the mrk of God« 
flor— pettiooiit, diahckmt and daidU, ' 

D AIOH, #. Dough, S. 

«<Hia menl'a a' dalgk ;" Bamaa/a S. Pror., p. 38. 
A.-S. dah^ Belg. itevA, 8q.-0. deg, UL deig. Germ. 

Daiohie, 8. 1. Dooghy; applied to bread 
not well fired, S. 

2. Soft, inactire» destitute of spirit, S. 

8* Applied to rich ground, composed of clay 
ana sand in due proportions, BanfiPs. 

*' A dry mellowy aoil, made np of a du^ mixture of 
day and aand, Terr deep^ — ^E^^"^ nnder the name of 
dalekg hangha." GL Sonr. Ban£b. 

Daighinbss, 9. The state of being doughy, S. 

It ia aingolar, that the Terr aame metaphor ia need 
in bL Q. Andr., illnatrating dag, dough, adda: — Hino 
deig^f mollia, madidua, aabhumidua; item timidtu 

To DAIK, V. a. 1. To smooth down ; as, '^to 
d€tit the heady** to smooth down the hair, 

r2. To soak, to moisten ; as, *' Daik some meal 
an' mak* dnimmock.** Ayrs.] 

Thia might aeem allied to laL dag-iOt primarily 
maoerara, aeoondarily mollire ; aa moiature ia uaed not 
manly for aoftening, hat often for amoothing down. 
Bat perhapa it ia merely a provincial pronunciation, 
and oblique nae, of the K v. to Deck, O. Tout, ghe- 
ikyejl aigttifiea f oimoaoa ; Kilian. 

DAIE£R,#. Adecad. 

**Ten hidea makia ane dativr, and twentie daiker 
makia ane Uat.'* Skene, Verbw Sign. to. SerplaitK, 

Thia term ia of great antiquity in E. For by the 
Stat, de Ccmpo9UioiM Pimderum, SI Hen. III. every 
Ikiir oonaiata of ten hidea, OoweL Dicker ia uaed in 

the aame aenae. L. & iliera, iliwmiii, dakntm. Thua 
in Fleta; Item laatua ooriorom oonaiatit ex decim 
dakrU, k qoodlibet dacrum ex deeim ooriia. lib. ii. 
0. 1!^ 1 4. The tann ia alao uaed with reapect to iron, 
bat aa inelodiag doaUe the nomber. Dacrum Tero 
ferrorum equorom ex viginti ferria. Ibid. Diera ia 
uaed in the aame. aenae in Domeaday-Book, Oloeeat. 
The city of Gloooeater gave xxxri. DkroB ferri. The 
L. & term waa alao uaed in France. Thua in the 
Taxation of St. Omera, we read of Dacra de pellibua 
aalaia ; and in the Chartulary of the Trinity at Caen, 
the phraae, imam Dderam de ferria, occura. Ap. Du 
Ganfle, to. Aktb, Blount'a Ane. Ten., p. 192. 

The word muat be traced to Or. Aciraff, a decad. 

Su.-Q. (fdber, id. ** Dtker tk'mt aaTa Ihre, acoordinff 
to our old lawa, waa the number oi ten or rather of 
twelTO hidea." The reaaon he giTca for mentioning 
both numbera ia, that the decalda of the ancienta 
flenerallr conaiated of twelve, aa the hundred of 120. 
In S. tne Umg kunder ia ISX), or aix aoore. Skene 
obawTea, indeed, that aix acora akina are reckoned to 
the hondred. Thua the aame mode of reekonin£[ haa 
anciently been common to ua with the Scandinaviana. 
In the aale of many artidea it ia atiU preaenred. 

To DAIKER, V. n. V. Dackeb. 

To DAIKER oii4 v. a. To dispone in an 
orderly way, West of S* 

"If ahe binna aa dink and aa ladT-like a oorae aa ye 
erer looked upon, aay Madge Mackittriek'a akill haa 
failed her in deUkering out a dead dame*a fleah.'* 
Blaekw. Mag., Sept., 1S20, p. 652. V. Dackeb, v. 

DAIKINSy interj. An exclamation or kind of 
oath, Ghdloway. 

Aa Joeky paaaed through the flap — 
Ilk lasa oock'd ap her ulkeo cap, 
Sayia^DaOiiu/ hero'a the feUow 
For them, that day. 

Damd$(m*i Aatoiu, p. 7S. 

Thia ia nndoubtedly the aame with E. dkkenSf which, 
acoordin|^ to Dr. Johna., aeema to *' import much the 
aame with the deviL** Mr. Todd haa nothing in 
addition. Bailey ffiTea it devUkin, i.e. little devil. 
Dkhnu, Lane. Ilial. Bailey mentiona Odd$ Dicitnt 
aa the full phraae. Now aa thia ao nearly reaemblea 
the old profane expreaaion, Oddtbodikins^ I am inclined 
to Tiew diekems aa an abbreTiation of the Utter ; and 
therefore aa an oath by Ood^s body, q. the liUU bodg, 
or that auppoeed to be contained in the hoet. 

DAIKIT, pari. pa. It is said of a thing, ""It 
has ne'er been daUdt!* when it has never 
been used, or is quite new, Ang. 

Perhape allied to Tent, dtuck-tn^ nebnhun exapirare, 
nebulam exhalare, Kilian ; q. a thing that haa never 
been expoaed to tlie air ; that, aoooroing to a common 
phraae, the wind haa not been auffered to blow upon. 

DAILy 9. 1. A part, a portion ; E. deal. 
2. A number of persons. 

— Freaehe men come and hailit the dulia. 
And daag thame doun in dailU, 

Ckr. jr., at 21. 

[3. A large amount, a great sum ; as, '^ A dail 
o' siller.^ 

4. Nae areat dail^ of no great worth or value, 

A.-S. dael, para ; he dade, ex parte ; MoeaX^. daU, 
Off mis dail atginis^ QiTO m« my proper portion, Luke, 
— 12. 




Hm pkiawb f» hmm datt^ to luiTe to da or ai 
Mid hf ]>o«f.9 to likW to eootond with one in iniIUo. 

W«lt Ihqr ptiMM aad bobsldb MBt fiJa, 
nir cunlMBi wtr boI of itraiith miiiaI*. 
— 4to mA tonb Mvlit did ftirth sprYng; 

Ifmg. Fwyi^ 4Ui ST. 

To BATB stAXA^ to bave concern or interest in 
•07 things to intermeddle. 

-^^TW* «Im Mid Alts* Cmmiiig^faaiiM mU in 
cwitiiMint d o foi d o ft red— tho Mid akna of the laadis 
of MilgMlMlBO witli tho pMtinentis, and that he mU 
kt/€ na dials nor ea te t m e t ing tharwith in tyme to cum, 
* hot M tho oouMof oonmoiie Uw wilL" Act. Andit. 
A. 1409^ pi 9. V. abo p. 14.. 

8o.-0. M^ tttigart. Hienoe, m Ihre ohoenrei, 
enCela, t r i fela , the trial hr ardeai, qnod est liti finem 
MBtentia lato iMpooan^ aS «r, qnoa rei finem indicat. 

DAIL, #• A ewe, which not becoming preg- 
nant is fattened for consumption. 

•«Thaa tho laif of ther fat flokkia follomt on 

the fcOis barttt jonia and lanuma, kebhia and daUis, 
and d ~ 
p. ID 

DOM A.-& diarfmi, Tent, ded-m, partiri ; 
of thia deoeriptioB are separaied from the 

ylmyia a 

VDMpL 8»9 

diloMNidiL and mony heneiat hoc.*' 

DAIL^i. A field, Fife. 

TmI. dai, imO^ ToOia; A.-8. dad, 811.-O. dal, id. 
Omd^dal, ^npli^fieU, ndale." 

DAILTDUD. Adishdoat. V. Dud. 

DAHiLy #. Used in the sense of E. dealing^ 
as denoting intetcoorse. 

**It sail not belaadifall to hir to diapooe— the aame 
ia aQ or ia paiit^ ather to hir Mid pretendit housband 
and adnltanir, or to the-anoceaaioun proceding of that 
Pfrataaditmaiiaaaorcanian daiO." ActaJa.yL 1592. 
id. 1814» p. UL 

DAILL-SILVEBy Dahx-silueb, «. Money 
for distribntion among the cleigy on a foun- 

**Oara aooMaae lordia dcarast mothir— gaif and 
natit to tiie ptov ea t^ Ao. of Edinharriie for the ana- 
iiBtatiooa of the miniatnr and hoopitautie within the 
aaflm, aQ hiidi% annnellia, obitia, daiU $iluer, maiUa^ 
lentM, Ae. perteoing of befmr to qnhataimieuir bene- 
floa^ alteraAB^ or chwlanrie within the Mid Imrghe,'* 
Ao; AetoJa. YL I5H Ed. 1814»^ 109. Alao^ibid., 
pi 000. 

**Aa alao^ wo have giTan all and aandiy chaplainriei. 

•Hara^^ and annnal rtnti, fonneriv pertaining and 
V^«"»yg to the aaida chapUinriM of the foresaid parish 
ohum of Abardeen, called Saint KichoUa, and with 
all aattiTenarija and daiU'Siher whatsoeyer, which 
lormerly pertained to aay chaplainriea, prebendaries, 
and altaragea," ke. Chaii. Confiim. Aberd. A. 1638. 
Thom'a Hiat Aberd. V. 11. App., p. 116. 

Wtom Hm oonnerion with Anmvermrks^ it seems to 
dMOto what WM to be deaU or divided ; from A.-S. 
iloei^ Tent, deei, dtpl, para ; whence deyl-broed, panis 
qui eleemoajaae loco egsnia diatribaitur. V. Anxi* 

DATMENy adj. Rare, occasional, what occurs 
only at times, S. auntrin^ synon. Thus, 

DADUEV-iCKSBy 8. An ear of com met with 
occasionally, S. 

idbr hi a thraTO 

Mmrui, HL 147. 

Rrom A.-8. oeeer, an oar of com, Moea-G. akran ; 
and perhapa liieaiMlp ooanted, from A.-S. dem-an, to 
raokon ; m umUewumi, what cannot be oonnted, q. t. 

To DAIMIS, V. o. To stun, Aberd.; the 
same with Dammithj q. t. 

DAINE, adj. <« Oende, modest, lowly f 01. 

— ^— Ana eoanteBance he bore, 
Dcgaist, dsTOte, daine, and demnre. 

KiUets Cot^feuion, Lyndmy, XL 208. 

Bfr. Chalmera refera to Fr. daign€. But then ia no 
adj. of this form in F^. The wora is probably formed 
from the v. daigm-^r, to ▼oochaafe. 

DAINSHOGHy adj. Nice or saueamish, 
puling at one*s food, Fife, Berwicks.; £• 
GaeL dieamnAoaaeA, prim, baara aome raaemblance. 

DAINTA, Daintis, ezpl. «'No matter, it 
does not Agpilyr Aberd. 01. Boss, and 

—I dano'd wi' to« on yoor birth da j ; 
A7, is a ry , owT she, now bat that's awa ; 
Dtamim, qiur he, let never warse befa*. 

Jtosf'a Hduyom^ p, 2L 

Thia term ia probably Tory ancient. We might 
aappoM it to be oorr. from Teat, cf lea-ai, Sa.-0. ivan'O^ 
to aenre, to aTail, and ialel, nothing q. it availa 

DAINTESS, 9. A rarity, a deUcacy, Ang. 

One might at fnt Tiew be strnck with the reMm- 
blanoe between thia term and 8u.-0. daendia, Tir ezi* 
mina. Bat it appeara to be merely a ooiraption of the 
a. Dainiiik m OMd in the ploral. 

Daimtith, Dainteth, #• A dainty, S. 

Sa?e yea, tha board wad cease to rise, 
Badifl^t wi' dbmlOAs to the skies. 

Fergmmm't Potma, VL 07. 

^'Ho that norer'oai ikah, thinka a padding a 
dabUeA;^ S. Pror. "A man not oa'd to what ia 
good, thinka mnch of what ia indifferent.'* Kelly, 
p. 126. 

DAINTY, adj. 1. Large, as applied to in- 
animate objects; ZB^ a dainty htbouck^VLhiV^ 
cheese, S. 

2. Plump and thriving; as regarding a child, 
S. It is also used of adults in the same 
sense with aiaUly in S. ^ dainty bird indeed^ 
a large or well-grown person, S. B. 

3. Nearly as synon. with E. comely, S. This 
idea seems conveyed by the language of the 
old song: — 

Lseas me on year coily pow, 
Daini}/ Davie, Ac, 

4. Agreeable, pleasant, good-humoured, S. 

— Bat how's yoor daaghter, Jsan t 

/an. She's gaTly, Isbol, hot camstrairy grown. 
i<fli How see T--oha osed to be a (faialyquean. 

Donald and Flora, p. 85i 

— > Boond my neck hts arms entwin'd. 
Ha kias'd me wssl. 




Aad Ibad on wtdloek wm lacUa'd, 
8wMk domte cfaMd. 

5« Worthf, ezoellenty S. 

To whom our moduM an but CMMT-deftiiMii 

—••Entigii Murrmy wm ihot dead with the oeniiOBy 
hie thi^ bone bemg broken, who wm maeh lenwrnted, 
being ft dtUnUe ■onuUer and expert, fall of oonrege to 
hk very end.** Monro's Eiqped., P. IL* p^ 172L 

6. Liberal, open-hearted. Sh/a a dahuty vnfe ; 
MU no aei ycu awd tumt-handit^ S. This 
sense is vexy common in the norih of S. 

7. It is sometimes used ironically ; That i$ a 
damljf bU truly ! applied to a scanty portion, 

Li additioB to yrhaX le Mid in the etymon of Demdi^ 
il amy be obeenred that Haldorson renders IsL ddrndi 
eaioeUen t er bonom quid ; ddindis nuuir, homo optimns, 
homo firtaoenig fhigi; as we say, *'A damUe man," 
8. He ezpL the latter phrase by Dan. en 6iiaw maitd, 
8. "ftbcawman.^ 

Skinner deriTee E. damiw from O. Fr. dole, fine^ 
avaint, enrions. Bat this, I sospeet, has been intro- 
daced by tiie Franks, as being of Goth, origin. It had 
ooonrred to me, that it was probably aUied to the 
Xorthem tenns mentioned ander Dandk, q. r. ; and 
opon looking into Seren. I find that he expreesly refers 
to Qoth. disiMfl^ liberaUs, as having a common origin 
with E. damijf. The termination may have been on- 
mnaUy tid, retained in the s. DamiUh, from Ooth. tid, 
fime. Thus the word might signify an excellent 
or an opportonity ranly occomng. 

To D AIB AWAY, v. n. To roam, to 
wander; applied to sheep^ forsaking their 
nsnal pasture; Boxb. 

It mav be merely a softened, provincial pronancift- 
tion of XMwer^ Doiver, to become stapid. 

DAIBGIE, $• The entertainment given to 
the company after a f nneral, Ang. V. 

•* Immediately after the faneral, the same females 
and othen concerned assembled to what is termed tiie 

dtUrgie, probably a cormption of dirges althouffh the 
rites observed are very dissmiilar." Edin. Mag., March 
1819^ p. 224. 

DAIS, #• V. Dbis» and Chambbadeese. 

DAIS'D, part. pa. A term applied to wood, 
when it begins to lose its proper colour and 
texture, S. V. Dase, v. 

DAISE, a. 1. The powder,* or that part of a 
' stone which is bruised in consequence of the 
strokes of the pick-axe or chiseC Ang. 

S« To get a daiae^ to receive such injury as to 
become rotten or spoiled, applied to clothes, 
wood, Ac. y. Dase, Daise, v. 

To DAISE, V. a. Tostuplfy. Y.Dase. 

To Daise, v. n. 1. To wither; to become rotten 
or spoiled, from keeping, dampness, &c. 

▼ou IL 

S. To be cold or benumbed, ibid. V. Dabe, v. 

DAISIE, Daizie, adj. Applied to the 
weather; as, *<a daiaU day,** a cold raw day, 
without sunshine ; Boxb., Dumfr. 

Peihaps as having the power to benumb^ from Date^ 

D AISINO, a. A disease of sheep, called also 
Pining and Vanquiahf S. 

**Daitlng or VanqtHih. This disease Is most 
severe npon young sheep," Ac. Ess. HighL Soa, iii. 
404. v. PiNB, PuriKO,* «. 

IsL doi. lanffnor. fffitf-fiT langne soe re . 

DAIT, a. Destiny, determination. This, at 
least, seems to be the meaning of the term 
as used by Qany the Minstrd. 

Off ws thai baiff wndovne may than ynew ; 

My latthfaU fadyr diapitfuUy thai slew. 

My brothir alt, and gud men mony ane. 

Il this thi daii, sail uai our cum dkataef 

On our kynrent, devr God, quhen will thow nwt 

WtUlaa, iL 194, MB. 
Li Perth edit, it is ^— 

Is this the doif sail yai ooroome ilk ane f 

In edit. 1648 :— 

This is the daU shall ns oferoome each one. ■ 

O. Fr. del, a die. 

To DAIYER, V. a. 1. To stun, Ac, 8. V. 

2. This term is used in an imprecation; Daiver 
g€f which seems equivalent to the unwarrant- 
able language of wrath, "Confound you,'' 

DAIVILIE, <ufv. Listlessly; Lanarks. 

This is evidently fonned from the old adj. Daue^ 
q. v., syaonu with IsL Sa.-G. da%f, stapidus. See its 
cQgnatee under Dowr and Daw. 

DAJON-WABSTER, a. A linen-weaver, 

DAKYB, a. ^Twa dakyr o' hyds;** Bee. 

The same with Daalcr, q. v. 

DALE!, a. Part interest, management. To 
Have Dale. V. Dail, s. 1. 

DALE-LAND, a. The lower and arable 
ground of a district, Olydes.; from dale, a 

Dale-landeb, Dale-man, a. An inhabitant 
of the lower ground, ibid. 

DALEIR,*. A dollar. <<Twasiluerda&tm. 
Aucht daleiria & tuelf lup schillingis." 
Aberd. Reg. Y. 24, 25. 

Tent, daler, id. Kilian derives the term from dio^ 
a valley, "because the silver of which it was made 
- was dug from valleys." 

DALES&IAN, a. An inhabitant of a small 
Talley or date. S. A. 






tlM iIbIbmimi WW cried onlj^ ■ 

oT fkaniahinl't bmb got ttroog breMi- 

of Hatl Mdt to d«f«Bd his fiMrt." Pteib of 

DALKy «. A tenn iometunes applied to jpar- 
• tiedbr Taiieties of slaie elay^ and sometunes 

** B iId« tW ooal, than Is dghteea iiidi« of a itnil^ 
vUflh tha votkiMii tenn da£r; then the white lime, 
«f aa iaficior qwlity to the other, and «■ yet hot 
wvoaght.? P. OM&paeb Stirling*. Statift. Aee., 

Tkm \m wMdombt&Sty diflbrent from E. dawk; aod is 
■aheHy of Seendinanan origin; as Dan. daeig or 
mmOk daaotas a banlk, or ridge between two f nixows ; 
wm idea aeaily allied to that sogBeeted bj our dalk: 
UL duttb^» tte hafHwwin ef animSEi. 

DALL^ a. A larse cake, made of sawdost 
■iaed with the aimg of cows, Ac used by 
poor people for f ael, Angus. 

Cl f^. dtde^ daOt, a alioe of any thiqg, a mass of 
alM% Ae;; BoqaoCort. 

DAIX^ a. A aIo?en, Ajn. 

oiiginany the same with Aiw, jpioperiy a 

ia a seoondaiy aenaeb a drabw They mar, 

r, be difeent terms, as disw is elsewhere the 

tyraBvaeiatloo. Bat th^y hare oQgnatesooroea. 

iU diow m from UL daa^ deli^uiam, cfwolshaa the same 

-—"loatioa, Sofwr, et deliqunm, 0. Andr. p. 55 ; the 

' beiagadenTatiTe from the TOty ancient primitive 

8n.-0. dmUOf stapor; sopor grsTis, mediae 

rilam et mortem ; Ihre. 

DauuBH, adj. SloTenlj, ibid. . 

DATJJS^ 8 p. •• V. Dawns ; poeticaUy for 

Bsj aow the dsy dkdKa 

w^w^^^^^B ^^n^^^^p^w ^b^^^^^^mb A n^v ^B^^e 

DALLOPyt. TirainU Mountain Muse. V. 


DALLY, a. The stick nsed bj one who 
bindi dieaTe% for poshing in the ends of the 
lope^ after thqr have been twisted together, 

DALLTy a. Pkopeily a girfs poppet, S. B. 
r. from E. doll; nsed to denote a painted 

NeTer priee a weardlesi, wanton elf, 
Thst aoeght bat pricks sad prins hsTMlf^ 
Wha'sUke adoffir drawn on delf 
Or china wars. 

Jferttm's Poim $ , pi SI, SI 

DALMATYK, a. A ** white dress worn hj 
Kmgi and Bishops ;** OK Wynt 

Hm Bysehape Waltyr— 
Qate twa Isar coddis of welwets^— 
Wyth a prasos festment hale, 
Wyth twaykfl sad Dalmaipk 

fl>alp»iS Ll S. 158L 

The Dmbmaiifk was thus denominated, because ibst 

' fan Dnlmatia. The drms foimeriy worn was a 

or a ooat withont sleoTee. For this tlie efol- 

sabetitated, which Senrins thos defines. 

It was introdooed 1^ PopeSa?ester, 

doriag tiie reign of Gonstantine the Qrsal^ beoanse 
many foand nmlt with tiie nakedness of the anns, 
when the eoMUun was in nse. When it is said that 
thia drms was worn by JTin^i and BUhop$, the aoooont 
is too limited. It was worn also by priesta and 
deacons. According to some writers, indeed, this 
privilege was granted to deaoons only daring groater 
tetiTsIsL v. Istdor. Orig. lib. 19. 0. Da GugeT 

DALMES, s. Damask doth. 

*'Item, ano gryt cannabie of ormnaay dalme$ pas- 
mentit with silVer and frenyeit with reid silk and 
saTer." Collect, of InTontonee, A. 1542; p. 97. 

DALPHYN, a. The denomination of a 
French gold coin in our old Acts. V. Dol- 

DALTy 9. The designation gtveni in the He- 
bridal to a f oster-<£ild« 

"There still remaina in the islands^ thoosh it is 
passing fast away, the cnstom of foetenge. A laird, 
a man of wealth and eminence, sends his child, eithcnr 
male or female, to a tacksman, or tenant, tobe footered. 
It is not always his own tenant bat some distant friend, 
that obtaina thia hononr : for an honour such a trust is 
TBty reasonably thooffht. The teiins of fosterage seem 
to Ysry in diflnrent iuands. In Mull, the father sends 
with his child a certain number of oows, to which the 
same number is added by the f oeterer. The father 
appnmriates a proportionable extent of ground, without 

• rent, for their pasturage. If every cow brings a calf, 
half belongs to the foeterer, and half to the child ; but 
if there be onlv one calf between two cows, it is the 
child's ; and when the child returns to tiie parents, it 
is accompanied by all the cows giTen, both by the 
father and by the foeterer, with ludf of the increase of 
the stook by propsgation. These beasts are considered 
as a portion, ana culed 3faeali»e cattle, ko, 

"Children continue with the foeterer perbape six 
years ; and cannot, where this is the practice, be con- 
aidersd as bordensome. The fosterer, if he gires four 
oows, leoeiTes likewise four, and has, while the child 
continaee with him, grass for eight without rent, with 
half the calves, and all the muk, for which he pajrs 
only four oows, when he dismissee his daU, for that ia 
the name for a fostered child." Johnson's Journey, 
Works, viii S74, S75. V. Macalitb. 

Shaw gives OaeL dalian as nsed in the same sense ; 
and also renders daliaeh " betrothed." V. Dawtu. 

I am inclined to think that this term, like many 
others used in the Western islanda, may have had a 
Norwegian origin. IsL daeU signifies one's domestic 
property; Domesticum familiare proprium. Hence 
the proverbial phrase, JDaelt er heitna huori; Quod 
tiU domesticum id tibi magis commodum; Dcmua 
fr&pia^ domM i^pCisio. Havamaal, apud VereL Ind. 

niis corresponds to our Prov. ; ** Heme's ay coothy, 
although it be never sa hamely." At thakia daelU vid 
ammm ai eiaa; Commodum sibi habere^ in aliquem 
agere. O. Andr., p. 44. 

DaelU is properiy the neuter of dad, felix, commod« 
OS (O. Andr.), mansuetee. We may add daella^ 
indulgentia, VereL 

It may be viewed as a confirmation of this idea, that 
the practice of giving out their children to be fostered 
was common among the northern nationa. V. Ihr^ 
also Eddae Gloss, vo. Fodra, Hence perhape the OaeL 
term daiiUn, a jackananes, a pappy, as the daU would 
be in ^reat danger of oeing spoued, and of course of 
assummg airs oi superiority. 

• DAMy 9. Improperiy nsed to denote what 
is otherwise callea a mUlrlade^ Kinross. 




T6DAMj9.n. To urine. 


-*— ^ Mtt da^ tUI tfMU OB an biwU 

JfflJtfwiif JVmwi, p. $L 

-r» Mk OM*li damr id. & This m«m to be 
»aMl»ph. VM of damm^ ai denotiagabodjof 

DAl^ c The quantitj of arine discharged 
•I ooee; a general tenn applied to children, 

7b TrsB im/$ Dam, to bepiss one's self, S. 

WMlit j% moMitj jam I«atb«r, 
rt j» at, oa enpt o' hMtlisr, 
To l«B« yoar MNk 

DikMALL GOMBRONE, a designation an- 
cientlr gnren to the nsher of a grammar 

la tbo VMOidi of tiio boioii|^ of linlithfEow, it is 
l o qaii od thmt the DamaU CombroM *'pay attentioo to 
tfcs boys* pby." Heiiaftorwanii deugned the ''under 
Doelorof thoeehool;" end bit eeUiy is fixed et tisefve 
ptmd (Le. Soots) per ennom. 

As thenemes of offices were often imported from tbe 
ooa tins i itfc it sopeen tbat tha% wbicb seems to beve 
besB asraljr a locel designation, had been introduced 
bj the Sonnder of the school, or by some religions, who 
MM been edneated abroad ; and that, as foond in the 
vsoord^ it is mndi oocmpted. It is therefore only a 
^■gno oo^ieetnrs that can be f onned as to its etymon. 
Oonld w suppose it to have been borrowed from some 
flbaaish SMMiasteiy, it might heye originally been. Dam 
eT C am flr i n , p. the moMtrpftke chamber, or place where 
the fs slm s n ts were kept. The term eamarm also 
a kind of cupboard. Dom and Don are used 
MNM. Hence, it might be applied, by some 
was attached to foreign terms, to the usher 
^ —...«. Doelor. who had the charae of the chiunber in 
vUdi the sdMm met, or who actedas pnnreyor for the 
boaidsn. Ootsr. says that, even in his time, in F^. 
tte aofts m o is m the Charterhouse monks were styled 

A food sealoas Odt miflht perhaps claim this as a 
GasL designation ; from LamxamhmU, a student, and 
easJMner aa i^iparitor ; q. one whoee woriL it was to 
e uauni s tte orders of the Rector in recard to the pupils. 
Bal the pronunciation would be rather davuil cotvar. 
OtmkHmm, a meal, a portion, or comhthnm, justice^ 
iroald haTO more reeemolance, from the idea that Uie 

emplojred to overiook their meala^ or e* 

i#rist as a sort of whipper-in. 

DAMBOBDED, ac(/. Having square figures; 
alio called <fw€dl 

*«8eo that unland loon wi* the damhwML back is 
droppiaig them oown his Highland weasan, aa gin they 
were kid^ daintiee.** BUckw. Mag., Not. 1820^ p. 

DAMBROD. V. Dasis. 
DAMMAQEUS, a<;y. Injurious. 

** War aoeht thair oontentioun, Jamee the first had 
comya in Scotland, the quhilk had bene lycht 
to the realme." Bellendl Cron. B. zn. 

ft is pnbabb that damrnagemx was used in the 

DAMMEBy s. A miner^ S. 

', part adj. Stupid, Benfn; 
sjmon* JLMUL 

This mis^t seem to haTo some afllni^ to Dan. dum- 
■MT Aeswf, adunoe, a blockhead-; or peniapsit is rather 
from Tent, dom^ stupid, and aad, Belg. aari^ naturae 

DAMMES, Dahmas, s. Damask-work. 


Item, ane nycht oowne of gray dammu with sao 
waiting trail of gold.*^ Inventoriee, p. 32. 

** Item, ane peoe of gray dammnu with ane litili peee 
of daith of goU." Ibid.,p.25. 

IV. dammoMf id. 

DAMMIN AND LAYIN*, a low poaching 
mode of catching fish in rivulets, by damming 
and diverting the course of the stream, and 
then lofrinq or throwing out the water, so as 
to get at the devoted prey, S. 

**Dmiimbm and iaving is sure fishini^'' S. Pror. 
giren by KeUy, as " an advice to prefer a sure gain, 
though small, to the proepect of a greater with uncer- 
tainty. " Ptot. p. 90. Loving occurs instead of lowing. 
Both words are used in E. 

DAMMYS, 9. The city of Damascus. 

*' Tapestryis. — ^Item, ri pece of the detie of Dammg$ 
garaest with canves." Inventories, A. 1639, p. 49. 
Fr. DamaSf id. 

To DAMMISH» v. a. To stun, to stupify. 
Dammuhedj part, pa., stupifieii in conse- 
quence of a stroke, or a fall, S. 

"When a man hath fallen into a great sinne, he will 
commonly Iv still in a deadnesae and senslesneeee, and 
as a man ifho falles downs from an high place, for a 
certain space lyee without eense, and is c2afiifiMfA<«i 
with the fall : euen eo— after that once we are fallen 
from God, we are aenslesse sltoaether, we be without 
sense or motion." Bollock on the Passion, p. 38. 

"He waa perfectljr dammiihed with the stooke; and 
when he recovered his senses, he thought it convenient 
to ^ still in the place as dead." Wodrow*s Hist., 
Pb »• 

Germ, daemitehf vertiginoeus ; Wachter. JBimm 
' madun, to atun one's heed. 


DAMMYS, Dammeis, a. ^^ Damage. Fr. 
dommaga;^ GL Sibb. 

D AMMTT, porf . jKi. The saqie as damUKt^ 
stunned, Aug. 

Allied perhape to Tent, dam, obtosua, stupidus, 

To DAMPNE, V. a. To damn, to condemn. 
This orthography, as Rudd. has observed, 
was introduced in the dark ages. They 
placed p between m and n in a Lat. woro, 
as ampnUf alumpnus, for omnia, alumnua. 

DAMPNISt a. pL Damages; or perhaps 

** Damnnis and ezpenaia ;** Aberd. Eur. T. 20. A. 

F^om Lat damn^mn, with p inserted as in Lb B. 
«fani^p«(/feare, O. Fr. dampHffier. O. Douglas uses 
Dampne to damn or condemn. L. B. danm-um signifiee 
iptusi as well as mulota. 




doMi Mn^pfii Germ* mmjpte^ aamenipu^ 
V^» dinmni id. Oerm. dammit a man at 
dniu^ts; dammtrei, a chess-board^ Sw. 
#flii6wi<Jlii S* a oajnftftKfL 

**TlMra h« phmd At lie Amum or drMiditi.'' Ur- 

••T« tM I WM Jwt ati^IiiB' hame thinkm' dm m, 
§h&t pbytag l«» or threo guom «t the danu, an* tak- 
ing a daptB o* ak wi' a sude aid noebor, whan ■ome 
■MfMangatmybat''^ Sanm and Gael, L 94. 
"~ nriu tbiiika that the game haa reoeiTed thia 
from dame^ which Fr. a^nifies a hwly. But 
poww ia ukaowB in thu ^aine. Wachter 
~~ with waeon njeeta thia orwin. Am Genn. 
m doable piece at dnuiffhti, or what ia 
> trommtd moi^ datmen-^pU, he apprehenda, 
that gUM in which one man ia eovertd by 
ertobo^i^ that with the Torka <laii» has the 
Of opfCTM^ and thal^ aooonting to Featua, Lat. 
Ml aocrfpOMm aoMona ntcf^/Scuan opcTtunu 
Hm iPaatnitioaa of thia aenie ^ven oy Wachter aro 
VWT MBoto; hot the general idea ia sapported by 
aottogy. For 8w. dam ia a king at draoghta ; and 
aMlfimipaaMdbMSVgnifiea crown that man. Then 
ia ao OThuBoa^ however , that there waa any v. of thia 
fotm ajgsii^ii^ to eaeer or to eraum, Kilian obaervea 
that aono denvo the name of thia game from dam^ 
m lampart^ a bank, or dam; Append. AaO. Fr. 
I » title of honow, e^niTalent to Lord, Sir, from 
f o B i Utm ; it ia not improbable that thia ia the 
otttiDy ttie o or e i e d piecee aming aa lmd$ in the game^ 
ana jpraicipal^ w»*"*"Wng ita iwne. 

A Hhongh it ia ovideat ttat thia game waa known to 
tho Korttamnatimw^ they were espectalhr attached to 
thai of oheaa. Thia waa one of the chief amoaementa 
ofthoaMientlMlandeia. They called it dbooi; tteol;. 
^d^ J9b-/0. dbiifk^figA Thia game aeema to haye been 

ted to the atodiooa habita of thia 
1} who were making oonaiderable pro- 
^ in thoee Tciy ii(p§ in which the 
of the ootttJBfnt were boned in ignorance. 

DAMSOHED^t. A portion of land bordering 
ona<IiMi« . 

— ** An and amdfy the badia of Ertir Wiachart-the 
dMO of Logy, dame and danueked tharof , and thair 
pertiawtiikrte Aeta Ja. V., 1540^ Ed. 1814, p. 879. 

▼ • SlUDi. 

DAN^c At«miiaedb7S.and 0*E.writer8y 
ai eqoindent to Lord, Sir. 

Boag. Mt oal|y lypiiea it to Virgil, hot to Apollo. 

^_ T he ancleat Nan of Dan Pheboa 
Thir WBowHa endit ~ ■ ■ ■ 

VwrfO, IBS. 48. 

Ol Fh dmm^ a **titlo of leipecland honour, given, 
ia ooail ea iiy aato a Geatlemaa or Kni^dit : Thia In 6 

; and yet the Qorenioara of tKe Charterhouae 
Moaka are atiled Ikms;" Ootgr. Hiap. don; from Lat. 
domkmt, Thii deaignation waa naed in O. E. to early 
asthotiaieof R.Bnume. He indeed writea i>aju. 

With tham went drntu Meriyn, 
For the atcnM to mak eogyn. 

Appmd, toFr^.f cxcn. 

See aa anIanatioB of thia term ; Lettera from the 
Bodleba Litaiy, Anbrey'a GoIL 1. 120^ Ao. 

DAN, Dahd, Dandie, contracted forms of 
the name Andrew, need in the Sonth of S. 

** We are hannted," oried /Xiii.~He waa mtemipted 
by a— voice that aaid in a jeering tone^ — *< Andrew Uhia- 
hiobn. ia that jwi? '* PeriU of Man, ii. 35. 

" Li the actionne— be Margaret Ker the dochter of 
vmqnile Dancf Ker on the ta parte, agania Patrick of 
Murray of FaUowhiU A Jamea Hoppringill aone A ayre 
to vmqnhilo Danid Hoppringill of Smalhame," Ac. 
Aot Andit. A. 1482, p. 103. It occnra alao in the act 
immediately following. 

** Ikuid Armeatrang. — Dandy and Bfingo [Mnngo] 
Amatranflea." Acta 1585, IIL 893. Every one ia 
aoqnainteq with honeat **Dandk Dinmont'*^ of our 
own timea. 

• To DANCE, V. n. 

^'Tell neither donee, nor hand [hold] the candle." 
S. Ftov. " that ia, yon will neither do, nor let do ;'* 
Kelly, p. 367. More properly ; Yon will neither do 
one thing nor another ; yon vail neither act your own 
part^ nor aaaiat another. 

To DANCE hia or her long; a phrase ex- 
preasiye either of ^preat joy, or of Tiolent 
rage; q. danced without a companion, or 
without music, S. 

Some nm to ooden, and mime to kists, 
Bat nought was stown that con'd be miat ; 
She doMui ker lane, crfd, Pimise be Uest ! 
I have Indg'd a leil poor man. 

6'dtefliiii|fiif ifofi, ft 5. 

DANCE-IN-MY-LUFE, a designation for a 
penon of a veiy diminutive appearance^ 

Apparently in allnaioii to a ohild'a toy. V. Lnri, 
the palm of the hand. 

To DANDER, v. n. 1. To roam, to go from 
place to place, S* 

2. To go about idly, without having any cer- 
tain object in view, to saunter, S. 

Allane throw flow'ry howa I dander, 
Tenting my flocki, I«t they should wander. 

Eamec^e Pome, iL 283. 

8. To roam from place to place, without having 
a fixed habitation, S. 

1 then we needna gie a plack 

For dand^rmg moontebank or qoack. — 

Ferguemm*e Foeme, iL 18. 

4. To trifle, to mispend one's time, S* 

9. To bewilder one's self, on a way, generally 
including the idea of want of attention, or 
stupidity, as the reason, ** He dandert out 
of the road,'' he lost his way. In this sense 
it is used as nearly equivalent to toander. 

The wllie Tod came by me to^ 

With violence and apeid : 
For feir the he fox left the echo. 
He wes in sick a dreid : 
Qohilee loaping, and scowping. 
Oner boihia, banki, and brato ; 
Qohilet wamliitta:. qohilee dandring. 
Like royd and wuyart raia. 

Biuii, Wation'e CoO., H 18, 19. 

Sibb. refera to IV. daneUn-er, Tent, dem^en, ineptire. 
It mic^t be anapected that thia were rather from some 
Oath, word, now loot in the cognate langnagea, aa per- 
hapa in ita primary aenae^ oorreeponding to laL Su.-0. 




.▼■gufi wm% Miiolthat tlieTO it another 9. of 
tlir aano moMiiiuL whioh mmpi to oppoM tho kUa. 

DahdbBi Dauneb, «• The act of Baontering, 
S«; darner, Benfn 

Dahdehkb, Daundereb, •• A saunterer^ one 
wbo habitually goes about, S. 

'^Myaald nuui,'' Mid tiie yonth, "thoa art bat a 

dommUrfrm-dawn tiie dyke-aidM, and can be in the ran 

and warm thee, while the eweat of tore kboor reeks 

on hooeat man's btowa." Blackw. Mag., Jan. 1821, p. 
iff!. --1B .K- 

DANDEBnTy 9. A Sauntering^ 8. 

DANDERS, a. pi 1. Refuse of a smith's 
fiie^ dnders from a smithji S. 

And vhsa fhe eallaas romping thloh, 

DU erowd the hearth alang, 
Oft ha?e I blown the dtnuUrt qniefc 

JL SeoiCt Fo€m$^ p. 14S. 

S, A piece of the aearitu ot mn, or of the 
ref ose of glass, S. 

**Here we obeerred the fonndation-stonee of houses, 
and what are aaid to be large heaps of ashes ; which 
leminded me of the information 1 had reoeiTed from 
Mr. A. 8., who had been bom, and lired long in tiie 
distant Highlamlfc and who still retained in his memonr 
■anj of Oinan's Songs % — that there waa an iron-work 
horeb and that the swords and arms of Fingal were 
made at Looher Leonr, two miles in the Talley below ; 
and that the iron waa brought from this place seems 
tha more probable, becanae peats, cast hani by, when 
homt fan laroe fires, aa in kiln-pots, leare a plate of 
jstlin, whi<m they name a dandtr^ amongst their 
ashea." Hist P. of Monivaird ; Papera Antiq. Soc. 
BootL. p. 71. r-- 1 

SibK rsfen to Goth, ten^-ion, aooendere^ to kindle. 
Tlua perhapa ia the proper line for discoTering the ety- 
mon. But IsL Imdr-a, id. is still nearer, rtmfr-a 
algnifiea to enut narks. . Now this name may haye 
been Ri^bb orignuQlr to the sparks of burning metal 
that DM from the roige, and af terwarda extended to 
theaa as mixed into one mass with the cinders. There 
is one diffienlty, howoTer. How should we retain the 
i In Hend, a spark, and change it into d in damUr§; if 
both are from the same aouroe 7 

DANDIEi DAiTDr, «• A principal person or 
thing ; what is nice, fine, or possessing saper- 
eminence in whatever way, B. 


d gi'e the beg to dolefb' caie, 
laogb at nka dandw. 
il that fUr day. 

JL vaUowai^t Potm$^ p. 80. 

This woid okima a tsvt ancient etymon. Id. dandi 
waA 8n.-0. dkienne aignify, libersl, munificent. V. 
Loooeau Antiq. 8ueo-G., d. 109. Su.-0. dandeM foCk, 
i/gmdtmaa^ is a title 01 honour or respect. Various 
are the accounts giTon, by Northern writers, of its 
alymon. Some dariTO it from IsL doani, or diuyii^ 
fiberslis, already mentioned; others, from A-S. 
TAcuj^R. Thane. Ihre, to. X>aaa<man, considers it aa 
ooBtr. from dmgamde maen^ riri strenni, because all 
titlea of hononr had their origin from fortitude in war. 
TUa ooiresponda to A-S. dmffend, ralena, bonus, pro- 
bna I the part, of dMfffm, Talere. O. Andr. derirea it 
from the old Id. primitive tfoe, denoting anything 
good, honourable^ axoellent; whenoe daene wd, ex- 
oallentiy ; doeioen, Tocy beaatifuL V. Dotv. Kilian 

■Mntiona 6. Germ, deghm^ degkuMimmt aa aignif^ing, 
▼ir praeatana, strenuus, fortia. 

DANDIEFECHAN, s. A sort of hoUow 
stroke on any part of the bodji a slap, elash^ 
synon., Fife. 

The aaasa word, written EkMdnfakeHM, baa been 
ozpL to me aa etrictly aignifying wounds given by dogi 
fighting ; and deduced from It. deiU§ d^/aqKm$; q. 
the tem of porters, or of baae feUows. 

To D ANDUiL, v. n. To sannter, to go abont 

Buin as the blind man gangs bsges, 

Inhouerinff fw behynd, 
80 dels thou tfoiMf •» in distras, 

QuhiDc I Mr thou saU find. 

Bmrd, Waiton's OoH, VL 88L 

This aasma to be aynon. with />aa<ier, q. T. BotFr. 
dondia-er, and Tent, dani-oi, are not the only words to 
which it seems to claim afi&nity. It is more nearly 
idlied to Qorm. daddtn^ to act m a ludicroua manner ; 
Indorse Indicre agere, V. JkuU^ Ihre. 

DANDILLY, Dandilt^ adj. Celebrated, 

There U?es a landart laird in FIAl 
And he has married a damdUy wife, 
She wadna shape, nor yet wed she sew. 
But sit wi' her eummert, and fill her sell ftt*. 

Old Song, Jamumm't Pcpular Ball, L 821 

The dandiUy toast of the parish 
Is woo*d snd married and a*. 

itosf, iSbi^ii^ pi 14S. 

It ia alao used aa a s. aignifying one who is tpoUed or 
rendered foolish by being too much made of, Fife^ Aug. 

There some old horn tnm'd oat of stable, 
When voong dames srs at council table. 
The fate of some wers onoe Dandittua. 
Miffht teach the vounger stsn and fiUiep, 
Not for to trample poor cart-hone ; 
Tet they {growjstiu ths worse and worm. 

Thiamay be merely a dimin. from Z>an<lie;q.v. But 
from the eenae given to it aaa a., it baa a atitmg rseem- 
blanoe of Germ, cfrnlet-fn, to play the fool, Fr. dandm* 
er, to carry one's self like a ninny ; ItaL dondota^ a 
baby, a puppet, domioiot a ninny. 

Perhape, tike Damlie of northern origin. Should we- 
trace it to IsL doe unenn and dc^elug^r, it would seem a 
pleonasm, aa both aignify ezimi^ lormosus ; O. Andr. 
daemdSf howoTer, si^iifiea axcellenter, and Dan. deilig 
puloher, formoaua. 

DANDILLIE CHAIN, a chain used bjchQ- 
dren as a toy or ornament, made of the 
stems of the dandilian, Boxb. 


Ihe armies met, the trumpet sounds. 
The damdrinq drams alfoud did touk. 

BaitU qfliarlaw, st 1& Evergreen, L 86c 

We may Tiew this word aa either formed to expreaa 
the noise made by the drum, like Dotcn-derry dowm in 
a later compoeition ; or aa allied to Tent, donder'tn^ 
tonare, 8u.-0. dundra, id. cfiiiMfer, atrepitua. 

DANE| pari, pa. Done^ OL Shirrefs, Aberd. 
DANE, DiUNE, adj. Gentle, modest. 

Bot yit ane countenance he bnre, 
Degest, deuoit, datis, and deraore. 

Igndsa^s WarUi, 1002, p. 81SL 

Either from O. Fr. dajn, dainty, fine^ or the «. 
do^gm-er, whenoe E. '*~'~ 




DANOEB, Dawkobb, «. 1. It is used in 
fltkttoa to the great ezertioiui of a punaer, 
in eooaemieiioe of which he who is pursued 
b eip os e a to imminent danger. 

Hm boni WM gvd, bot 7«tt b« kftd grat dnid, 
fbr lyijifaif or b« wtB to a ttrenth. 
Iho CMM WM nl» aealyt our braid and lentb : 
liiva t^tnmm im k Mr tbai bad bim aj in ajcbt 

WtfOflOf. T. 888, lia 

t. A iUt dawnger^ Under hit dawnger, in his 
powcr» as a captive* 

"-^wytdaoiyd an bomagia. 

Am alkjB ateayt eondytyowii jb, 

Tb alH iBiy be bia oztorarownya 

or Wmana tbi KfDg of dootiand bad. 

IVMIvr Aft dlowiiMri fobil ba tbaine bade. 

IFyiilpms Ttt. 8. 4S1 

HodooniDttMiaiMMnM mO. E.:— 
- Ctti^ lertilla ft tomi aOe waa im ike trle^t damgert, 

II MMotiaMi eoQT^js tbo idea of bai^ nibjoet toa 
aosal piqoooiihOB« 

^u^ tbo 22d of September 1503^ prodamAtioii 

WM BMO At the marfcet-croaa of Edinbumi, tb*t tbe 

«fl of BotbweU and bis aooomplicea, Ming in Ait 

^§ danger^ abonld not omne into bis majestiee 

% Bor witbin a mile or two^ — aa tbey would 

vpoft tbeir obedienoo.** Moyae'a Mem., p. 210, 


8. But dawngert^ without hesitation, or appre- 

Ryvbaid Talbot eaa bjm pray 
rwe bn of tbra Coaia of Were, 
tbaLm gi a w aift M dawngert, 

WrUtmm, TiiL S8. IM. 

im bim be aand ; and gaa bim praj 
Tbal be wald earn all aaerlT, 
Vor to nek with bim priaely. 
And be M dlaimper tm bim gaia; 

- ■ V T. IBai Ma^. alao z. 19S. 

Hue aearij oorre ep o u da to tbe oae of tbe word by 
■^ 'aaaigBifyiBgoojmea%relnotanoe^ wbetberraal 

But flood neeea^ alwaj to atiat bia wo^ 
8o Mtjrow rf a M w pir augred boa elite. 

deetb je be not aU to wite. 

Witb dmigtr attren we aU oar ebaflkra, 
Qmt pieea at maibet maketb dera ware. 

W. BaiUt PtoL, S108. 

O. fh dmiftr frequently oooora in tbe aeoond aenM 
or aa m^pUpng power, dominion. 

GbaeoB al rappeDoit ea Dame, 
Kt eiamoit oomme ricbe fame : 
Tone ae.mettoient en eon danger. 
It voaloit cbacmi caleager. 



en aervitode oomme oaclava, et ta 
en lioa^er d'eatrangee gene. Alain Cbartier; 

damger^ in tbe 0. E. Lawa, *'a payment in 
, made by the Forest-tenanta to the Lord, that 
baye leaTo to plooffh and aow in the time 
or Ma8t-feeding,''^Cowel : thua denomi- 
an acknowlMLfloient of the auperiority 
fence alao^ in Uie Fr. Lawa, tne deaig- 
of J^ de damffer^ or a fief that might be for- 
lo the aoporior, if entered into by the tenant, by 

aioapt that of lineal deaoenti bafoie booaga 
Tbe anthon of Diet. IVot. think that the word, fan 

DANGER, used as an adj. Dangerons, peri- 

Tban Wallaee aaid, la trawth T wiU noebt fle. 
For iiii off bia, av ana qobill I may be i 
We ar oar ner, nc poipoa for to tak, 
A iCoaMcr ebaoa thai mydit Tpoo wa mak. 

WWIoM, yUL SOi; MB. 

D ANNABD, paH. adj. In a state <^ stupor, 

Bat wad baaTea be ao giadoaa^ 

Aa to aend me aae ainoera ^ 
Cripple, diaaaarU, daia'd, or (kabloo^ 
what be waa I wadna cani 
IVata't FoetiMd Jlmmaa^ p. 68. V. DomrAia 

To DANNER, v.^n. To sannter, Clydes^ 
Dnmfr.; softened from Dander^ {{. y. 

— " The haiU bona aaw a waa bit erynit-lnkin wo* 
man, — ^boaait in a gown o' the anldeet faaaon, gang 
daaaeria' thnmgh amaag the atooka." £din. ibg.. 
Sept 1818, p. iSs. 

Lang, laaa they damuit'd to and fro^ 
¥nia mi«^ a kiaiman or a bean. 

Jfaya^t iSOIfr (Tail, p. 88. 

DANSEEINE, Danskene, 8. Denmark. 

*" At thia feild the erla of. Bothoell fled away 
an bee company, and paaaed oot of Scotland to Doa* 
aMie, whaia he deoeiaait miaarablia." Maiioreybanka* 
Annala, p. 19. 

Fonnad, perhapa^ withoat aafficient reaaon, by 

maiinera, from tfaie name which an inhabitant of that 
oouniary takee to himaelf, Dandee, 

It ia need, howerer, by Skene. 

** The merchandia Taia to pay fraacht for their gnda 
to Flandera be the aek [aack), to France^ SpaynjL and 
PingUtKi be the ton : and to Dantktne^ and the Eaater 
Seaa, be the eerpbth.** De Verb. Sign. vo. Serplaiik. 

Archdeacon Karea baa aatiaf actorily proYod that Mr. 
Chalmera, in the OL to Lvndaay, naa given "aa 
arroneoua interpretation " of the term DansKn, aa need 
fay Shakapeare, aa if it meant Daniziekire; adding: 
"If he had looked at the context, he would have aeon 
that Polonina'a apeech woald have been nooaenae with 
that interpretation, for how were tliey to find ont 
Gimlet by inqairins for Dantzicker'a?** After all, 
Mr. Chalmera, who la never at a loaa to prove what ha 
baa once imagined, may be able to ahow that Dan- 
dseme, mentioned above aa tbe place to which BotbweU 
fled, waa no other than DoaCzic. 


Of me altyme tbow gaTo bat lyta tail ; 

Na of me wald baTo dant nor daiL 

And thow bad to me done ooie thing, 

Nocht waa with hart ; hot vaae gloir, and bethiag. 

With nther friends then waa aa weill ay woont, 

To me thow had ftil lytil cUme or coant 

Prieeiei/PeUie, PuOl & P. Reyr., I 4SL 

The Editor givea thia word aa not onderrtood. 
Dcuit nor dail aeema to liave been a proverbial phraaa 
now diaoaed, denoting intimate interooorae. IkuU 
may aignify play, aport ; Sa.-0. dani, Indibriam. Bat 
I anapSet that it rather meana affection, regard, aa 
deni ia atiil oaed in Angua. V. Dbmt. 

To DAKT, V. n. To be afraid, S. 

Thia ia merely E. dauni^ to intimidate^ need 
obliqady, or in a neater 




To DAMTy Dawnt, v. o. To sabdofl^ to hold 
in fabjection. 

Pr. Bwboor, hr. 602; xr. S16. 8kMit't]Bd.1 
Btwlit to Ana the iIeMh.'^-<'W« told rapM k 
dmd oar oaniAl Inatis k defvrii in the b«gi]iiiiiu|» and 
qohn thai ar WtO." Abp. HamUtoiin'a Oat«£iaiM, 
061, VoL 7(^ 0. 70. K VliMxtword. 

DlHTBB, 6. A tameTi a subdner; donter of 
kon^ ooe who breaks hones. 

Tht jmMM portnrit was of Kyng Pkoa 
JDmdtr or non. in dura uti ^rpu, 

**Hm maist perfyit indiutreiu hone iaMan of 
Kaoodon onld nocht gar hym be toU bridilit nor 
manerit in no oomodiiu aort oonoenient to aeme ano 
nriBoa.* OompL 8., p. 236. 

Lait.dbMilor,id.l!n>m<lofiMirs,totamo. Sw.denqM, 
id. aoama xadiodly the same. 

To Dahton, Damtousl v. o. 1. To sabdue, 
hj whatever meansy S. 

**Bm bft woid behind him, to the SheriiT of Fife. 
Stnathem. and Angoa, to makeproelamatioBoat throii|^ 
thir ahira% that all men betwixt sixty and aixteen, 
niritnal and temporal, aa well burgh as land, that they 
nooid be ready, at a certain day, at hia comin|^ to 
• poaa with him, where he pleaaed, to doMUm rebela and 
eonapizaton against him.*' Pitaoottie^ p. 87. 

2. To break in or tame a horse. 

*« Bot it ia otherwiae of a tame and iloaloMd horse, " 
Lo. one I^MNEOoghly broken. QiKm. Attach., c 48^ 1 11. 

•'Qohair it » said in the said statute, of liantoneif 
hone YB-echod : that it be interpreted and declared 
in time to com, in this waies : That the said crowneia 
saU hane dwnUmed horse depute to wark& and not to 
tho saddle, that was never schod nor used to schone." 
Aets Ja. m., 1487, c 113. Skene. 

Umbo may be csilled daiiioNeti^ though stiH unshod, 
as being broken in to work. For it is customary, in 
tha country, to put colts, destined to be work-horsea, 
to B^t lanour, aa harrowing Ac., before they are shod, 
or aeen s t o med to heary work. 

Ia Ed. 1814| the term used ia damUiL V. Dant, v. 

8. Still naed in the same sense with EL v. to 
Bounty S. to intimidate. 

Tel a' this lihsll never danUm me. 
See lens's I keep my fancy ftee, aa 

Oidaomg, Htrft OaU., iL 2(X 

lUa may have been originany the same with O. E. 

Ssmusu shell siea him, and aaole thall be blamed, 
^mA Dioid shall be «<i«^^mt** k daunttn hem alL 

?. Pht^kmrnn^ F. !& ^ 

This seems to be merely the IV. v. domter, dontett 
id. with a Goth, termination. Seren. derivea E. damU 
from Goth, doaa-o, deliquium pati, fromiiaa, deliqnium. 

To DANYEL, v. n. 1. To dangle^ Upp. 

2. To jolt as a cart on a vongh road, ibid. 

This ssems radically the same with K. Dm^, aa 
denoting incoostancv of motion. Skinner could find 
no better etymon for the K. v, than kamg^ kanaU, 
ehanged to aanifU. But the origin is IsL dattgt-Ot 
whioE is nsed in two senses, pulsare; alao^ vibnre. 
We may add 8n.-0. daenffl-a dmgl^ pendulum 

DAPILL, adj. Prob., severe, hanh. 

— An vnthiifty Av^ 
Aiebald, anSUn. 

CtottilKt dNk F. L ▼. IffiL 

QaeL dhpai signifles severe. 

DAPPERPYyodj. Of diapered, or variegated 
woollen doth. 

he has pou'd BShiadmfpervjf coat. 
The illTer buttoBS alaiioed Donny ; 

The waistecat bmetea aff his breast, 
He was see Aill of mslaneholy. 

Annan WaUr^ MinUnUf Bofdtr, H 163. 

*'Q murt Oap^fc-peer X. But the first part of thia 
word muat cerUinlv be traced to Fr. dSaprit diapered. 
The French formerly used diapered jackets or ca s s o ck s. 
Hence, Boilean, in a passage quoted. Diet. Trev. in vo. 

HoquetOB diapri de men maitre la TVonsse, 
Je le enivds a pied, quand U elicit eu housie. 

¥nm koqwUon waa formed our AcUm, q. v. IVom 
O. Fr. dia^MT^ L. B. liUa^^ntB, dfatpents^ ia used to 
denote a more precious kmd of eloth. Of this the 
nnoiaU, a dress worn bjr bishops, waa often made, 
adorned with lists of gold. Similiter et pluviale dku- 
prum, cum listis auro textia. Bulla Benedict. VIII. 
A., 12^ Reaidens in throno ebumeo tunicula k del- 
matica indutua de Ditupero albo. B. Odoricus, A. 
1307. Du Cange observes, vo. Dkui^raiuSt that Ital. 
efio^pw signifies a jaaper, and hence Ft, dkupr6^ varie- 
gated, parti-coloured like a jaaper. 

For the latter part >f the word, V. Pr, Rmnro-PT. 
The only difficulty as to this etymon is, that Vidper 
does not appear in Tout., nor Py m IV. But Pye bemg 
used by the inhabitants of Flanders for coarse cloth, 
and also for a waistcoat with sleeves ; and Diapri being 
a familiar term with their nearsst neighbours, the 
compound might thus be formed by them. Or, we 
may view it as a composite of our own country ; aa it 
would aeem that the term Py was anciently in common 

To DARE, (pronounced d^^r) v. n. To be 
afraid ; to stand in awe. To dare al» to be 
afraid of a person or thing, Ang. Stirl. 

It must be admitted, however, that O. E. dare is 
ezpL SB aignifyinff to regard with drcnmspection. "I 
dare, I piye or loke aboute me ; Je aduiso alentour. 
What daritt thou on thia facyon ; me thinketh thou 
woldest catche larkea." Palsgr. B. iiL F. 104, a. 

Perbaps we may view as a cognate term, '* Dear^d, 
hurried, frightened, atunned ; Exmore." Orose. V. 
Dkbi, v. 2. 

Sw. diorr-o, to qnake^ to tremble. Thia v. ie used 
fan the same manner aa ours : Han darrar naar kan 
faarmer; he tremblee at the eight of you. Darming, 
trepidation; Wideg. 

Thia aeema the aense of dare, 0. E. although Ritaon 

views it as perhaps signifying to " stare aa one terrified 

In this dale I dronpe and dare. 

For dem dedea that done me deie. — 
The floottes now all wide will sprede, 

For thai have fkiled of theirs pray ; 
Now er thai dareand all for drede. 

That war bifore so stout and gay. 

Mimofs Poeme, pi % a 

To DARE, Sir Oawan and Sir Qal. i. 4. V. 


DABE, adj. Stnpid, dull. 

The chencter of the herons is ; 
Ay sorrowfuU end ud et all hooris ; 
Wss nevir leid saw thame lauch ; hot drowpaoe and dare, 

M9nkiie,L 16k 




§tMk damf% Aka. dor, ofaaiigad bj the Gtomiaiw 
r, ilnltui I 8«.«0. daat^ Dan. lioar-er, to in- 
ft*Hli^ to bmJm ttapidi' Dao. daar^ a foolt a ■ol. 
▼• D14W9 DlA. 

DASE-THE-DIEL, «. - One who fean 
iindiinft aiKl who will attempt anj things S. 

**I toHtd than wi' oar anld tenantry, and the ICao- 
1pi% till thMT dnnt na on ony emuid whataoever 
Amc ow tba ooot^atane after gloamin, for fear John 

or aome aiocan dart4he^d^ ahmdd 
WftToiley, iii. 355. 

DABOyDABXyf. 1. A day's work, a task for 
a daj ; andeDtly dauwerL It is sometimes 
if><mAmtl7 called €u^9 darg, S. 

**Tbmf [tba tenants] arei anbjeet alao to a dan (or 
4n^ WMU tat every men, or, lOd. per annnin.'^ P. 
ADoa, Statist Aoo., iiii. 602. 

*^A diary of oiari,'* Lo. aa mnoh aa ean be caat np 
na ipade m one day, amoonting often to 200 

S. It is sometimes* used to denote a certain 
onantitf of woric^ whether more or less than 
that of a dajy S. 

^ **lbi m er ly the ooala were pnt oat by the dark, oon- 
SHii^f of twenty-e^t hutehea ; — an active workman* 
osold TMY eaaily pnt ont two of these dark» jper day, 
wm^amm three ihilngga and fooipence." P. Campeie, 
-^'^ Staftiat Aoe:, zv. 332. 

'Ho never wroa|dit a good dark, that went gromb- 
fiMrahooft;** & Pkoy. K^, p. 143. 

''ISBa Medley tine dark" Q. Pkoy. "spoken to 
jMBf jBib when they k)ee their needle." KeUy, p. 
aOL v.Datwxbk* 

S» Xransferred to the ground on which a par- 
ticular kind of wotk is done, as denoting its 
CKlsnl, Perths. 

la an old tiOe-deed of the landa of Koriestoon in 
BHfWhtra^ ilafo ia need to signify a certain extent of 
afparsniqr denoting aa much as a person oookL 

Dabo-i>at8» i. pL Days of work given in 
BeQ of rent. Uottars were formerly bound 
to give .the labour of a certain number of days 
to the superiori in lieu of rent ; which were 
called darg^doyBf Le. dagt of work^ S. B. 

*^l!b have eij^t days darg$ of moss, each darg con- 

liOTB-DASO, «• A piece of work or sendee 
done^ not for hire, but merely for affection, 

DABonro, Dabouiko, #• The woric of a day- 
labourer, S. 

I widi they'd mind how msay's wflUng 
Tb whL by industry, a shillliig ; — 
Aie ^ad to Hi' to wark that's killing, 
To common darguing, 

JL OaUowa/9 Poemt, pi lift. 

Daboeb» s. a day-labourer, 8. Belg. dag^ 

wnsfif mJu 

The croonia' Ue the byre drsw nlidi. 
Tin d^wyM* left his thrift. 

MindftU^ Border, iiL S67. 

DABOEIS, pi Dirges. 

Thay tvrit Ood with tryfllUs tome trsntalis, 
And daiHt him with [their] dayUe dargnu 
with owklie Abitis, to augment their rentalis. 

daiHt him with [tkair] dayUe dargeis; 
I, to augment their rente 
Jkuma ti fnt Foom, p. W9 at 19L 

Deboib, S. Y. Dbeohu 

DARE£NINa,«. Evening, twilight. Sp- 
on. Crtootntfi and Daj/ligaun^ S.; Derknmg^ 


As it ia nig^ the darkening, air, wad ye jnst step 
fp b^ to oar hoose^ and tak a dish of tea ? and I am 
• aare if ye like to sleep in the little room, I wad tak 
careye are no distnrfaed, and nae body wad ken ye ; 
for Kate and Matty, the limmers, gaed afif wi' twa o' 
Hawley's dragoons, and I hae twa new queans instead 
o'them." Waveriey, iii. 216. 

This is evidently formed from the E. v. Darken. 
Bat I have not observed that the t. oocora in E. It 
eorresponda to A-S. deorcung, orepnscalam ; GL Aelfr. 

DARELINS, adv. In the dadc, without 
light, S. 

She throw the vard the nearest taks. 

An' to the kiln she goes then, 
Jji' darkUne grapit for the beaks, 

▲ad in the Uoe-ciae throws then. — 

Ainif, iiL ISa 

DARLE, «• 1. A small piece, properly ap- 
plied to bread, Ayn. ^ ^ V V- J r 

2. A small portion of any thing, ibid. 

^Foitane has gi'en him a darU 

O hamart rhyme. 
An' says hell no want scone or Cul 

Xhroogh length o' time. 

Ftckm'e Poemt, 1788, pi 187. 

C. B. dam and c&yO both aignify apiece, a fragment. 

To DARN, Debn, v. o. To hide, to conceal. 
He darned himsellf he sought a place of 
concealment, S. Darned, part. pa. 

**Tliay have by maist snbtile and craftie means, by 
changing their namis, and dissemblinff the place of 
their nativitie, convoyed themselves in the in-coontriee 
of this realme, — abasing and harming his Majesties good 
aabjecta bv their darned stouths, in the in-coantry 
transportea, reset and qoyetlie eold in the boanda cm 
the Ute Bordere." Acte Ja. yL, 1600, 0. 10. 

A doming, accreting themselvea. 

Oar soldiers then, who lying were a darning. 
By sonnd of tnimpet having got a warning. 
Do kyth, and give the charge. 

iftMSf Thftnodie, p. 116L 

Deme, pret. hid, concealed. 

And as he fand schape to hii feris schaw : 
His naay deme amang the thlk wod schaw, 
Uademeth the hingand holkit rocUs hie. 

Dtmg. VwgO, 2SL 41. Ooculit, Virg. 

A-S. dwrn-an, dgm^an, ooealtare. 

To Dabk, Debn, v. n. 1. To hide one's self. 

Their coarsge qoaO'd and they began to dem, 

Hydmm's Judith, ^ Zl. 

2. To hearken or listen, Fife. ^ He was damin 
at my door.** A secondaxy sense, borrowed 
from the idea of a listener posting himself in 
a secret place, or keeping himself in dark- 




8. To loitar at work; a ttill more oblione sense, 
at listenen genenillj slacken their diligence^ 

4/ To mue^ to thinks Fife ; perhaps q. to con- 
ceal one^aiiiincL 

5. 7b JDim WUmf, to fall back, Fife. 

To DerkBi 9. a. To caose to hide, to force 
to flee to a secret place. 

— **H» MiJBitiw wiMdome and diligence is prmiee- 
WQithy, for prowling his Tiotoriefl to orderly on the 
kot MBl» M the canning knnter doth his prey, m giving 
MM eweet aAer another, till He kill or done, in putting 
the te ni the earth, and then hooke him oatL or stanre 
hiBL'' Mono^bped. P. IL, p. 112. 

Dabk, Dabkb, Dern, adj. Secret Dam 
yHit a postern ; the name still given to one 
of Uie gates of the Abbej garden at Aber- 


Bet at a flew, qohar melt he to thaim brocht, 
And bedjn te^ ak ghJdly as he niocht, 
A 4€m koO mh. on the north syd, thai had 
Tb the vallir. qohar off WaUace was glad. 

Watlae$, zL S4S, Ua 

Im Ar% fm aeent. 

My dale <a db« hot gif thow dm, 

Mmmaiifmi Foemi, p. ML st L 

Tka asMC d deme u cridently mistaken by Heame, 
in kis OL to fi. Okmc., where it is rendered ""dismal, 

flbe^ he sride^ of denu cas Ich wol the wane stiOe 
niae fM [fni]heth In ech halT k this yn the meste doate, 

ne loneth the iMgt, that the beth 

P. 114. 

H a krint kis kail Ingeing foinaid, and rasit tke 
m IB tke air be force of gun pulder — plaoeit and 
kmntt be kin— witkin the Toltis, laiche and dame 
paitaa and placeia thairof to that effect." AcU Ja. VI., 
16SVU. 1814, p. 906. 

**Tkafe^a not a derm nook, or cove, or corri, in tke 
wkola connt^. tkat ke'a not acqnainted with." 
Wftfwlsj, i S7a. 

DabKi #• A disease of cattle said to be caused 
by eatinff the wood Anemone, Aberd. ; also 
called ibsmm Dam, Meams. 

•straudinary of all disorders to which 
catHa in tkia coontiT are liable, is the Datm, This 

to oe owing to some poisonous herb 
"tke paatara, Siid seems to be limited to wood- 
iggige^ Mid this chiefly to the Deeside district. 
II doea nol^ h o wev e r , qvread oyer the whole territory ; 
tome landa kciag free of it^ and others contaminated 
notwitkstandivg erery precaution ; or rather, without 
kanng certainly ascertained from what cause it arises. 
Oittk knd «• tkeee dam bnds are ncTcr affected witk 
tka disorder ; bat no stranger cattle are safe there for 
a aingia day. According aa the animal is affected in 
ifei aiacnatety functions, the disease is called the soft 
or hard dam. And in one or other of these extremes 
tka disorder fiisl makes it i^pearance. No remedy 
kaa /at beea lonad to stop its wogress. It is always 
litaL BoBwtiaMa tke cattle affected become furious, 
and die anpamtly mad." Agr. Surv. Kincard., p. 
184. V. Bmnir DaaN, under Kin, v. 

TOL n. 

DABRAB, DARBERy adj. 1. Dearer. 


'-^Till our njckbour na temporal or ardly thing ia 
darrar and mair prectona thane ia his awin bodylie 
lyfa." Abp. HamiUoan'a Gktechism^ 1661, FoL 48. b. 

2. Higher in price, 8. B. 

'* Ka stakiU fo be darrer nor ana hard haid the hors 
in tka ^jckt.* Aberd. Beg., Cent. 18. 

Dabbbst, 9iq)€rL 1. Most dear, most beloved. 

— '^Hiaaaid Tniquhile darrtd grandschir deoeisait 
frooM tka present lyfl in the field of Flowdoune," Ac. 
Acta. Ja. VL, 1502, Ed. 1814, p. 610. 

Thta term ia almost invariably prefixed to the name 
of any of the royal predeoeaaors or relations of the 
reigning prince. 

2. Highest in price. 

*' And gif the com, or ony other stuffy pertene to 
divers partneris, ilk partner sail give twa boliis of 
the beat» or the darrtM price thairof." Half. Pract., 
p. 85. 

To DABBENy v. a. To dare, to provoke. 

-»-Quha best on ftite can ryn lat se,— 
Or like ana donehty esmpionn in to fycht 
With bastuoas bastonn aarrmi stryffe, or main 

Dou^. rirgO, 129. 80. 

A.-S. dearroMt dyrrois audere; Belg. derrm. To 
thia OQffin Juniua tracea darrauie, derreine, Chaac; 
altkoogn IVrwhitt refers to Fr. dtsren-er. It must be 
admitted, that if our datren, and 0. E. tfarraiae, be 
from thia A.-S. v., the infinit. form has been retained, 
aa in some other verbs. 

To DASCANy V. n. To ponder, to contem- 
plate, to scan. 

Tksn did I dlssoim with my lell, 

Qnhidder to heoin or unto hell, 

TUr perMuns sold pertene. 

Atfvf, fTodon't CoO., it 45. 

Lat. diteendert in m$e, to aTamina one's self ; from 
de and aeoacia, whence E. aeaa. 

To D ASE, Daise, Daze, v. a. 1 . To stnpify, 
S. This torm denotes mental stnpor, whether 
proceeding from insanity, or from an j exter- 
nal cause. He daises himself with drink^ he 
stnpifies himself with intoxicating liqnor. 

Part. na. ilosyef, ifoasti; daud^ stupid, stupified. 
A dated look, A. Bor. is such as persons have when 
frighted; Bay. 

— -Bot yhit he wes than 
In hys deya bot a dagjfd man. 
In na-thyng repute of tsIq, 
Na couth do na thyn^ of wertn. 
He had bot nomen ewe re, 

Wyntewm, vL 4. 68. 

My daieU heid forduUit diiwU ; 
I rsisit up half in ane lithargie. 

PeUiee t^Hmumr, L 28. 

O vemy Phrigiane wyfilfl, dcmt wichtis. 
To call you men of Troy that unsycht is. 

Doug. Ftfya, 299. 39. 

Oin he likes drink, 'twsd alter soon the case ;— 
It soon wad gar his love to me torn cauld. 
And mak him ilss'ii and doited ere ha'f anld. 

Shirr^if Poeme, p. 42. 

2. To benomb. Dastna, benumbing, congeal- 
ing ; dasitf benumbed from cold, or age, con- 





1«M in mnj crMtura, 

I itoiili nd b«M rnli hotti 

ktU htodn mofw oo dinrit 
Q tlnow mint TnwtUdjr am 

TidbMdllaaTMyodkl;'* A. Bor. Bay. 

■ to lHkT» beaa aooMtiiiiM used in tho 

both* ablMMDjaable and Bhamelaai :^ 

■0 ada§0d bk tlie hamm of tpyte, that he can not 

the troath«^ tnal ho— eareth not what he 

iyiidalo*a Obedyenoe of a Chiyrten man, F. 

11m pari, it freqiMitly need to ezpreei the dnilnen, 
iloor, or Ineeneibility produced hy age. One is laid 
to DO daWd who le wpenyinnttod. 

8w The part, daud, daised^ dazed^ is applied to 
MBj.udng; that has lost its freshness and 
strength* Doited Wud, rotten wood, S. 

Badd. ioImi to Bdg. dtud-^ii, Tortigine laborare, 

'"'^ — m Bat it ie mere neariy reUted to Teat. 

deiinrB^ ineuure i 8a.-0. das^ lei dasmui, 

Belg. rfuwoicwy to be^fooliih. A.-S. dwaea. 

Instoed of da$U^ dozaU it now more 
need, m apifyinghenambed. 

DASE. On dau. 

with deaniii dafly thay deag, 
That doAtjie on ilaea 

1Uip«iyipe irifliiilee ''living warrion." ABouiqf 
dam denotes doau. on da$e^ q. on day$ may denote 

DASHy #• A Da$h o* weeif a sadden fall of 
ntOy Domf r^ Boxb. Y. Blash, s. 

DASH^ DASHiBy «• A hat| cap^ 3^ a cant 
temiy Abeid* 

DASH TOUy an imprecation. Loth. Synon. 

B might leem to be exactly of the eame meaning 

with anolhor ejpnwiiun ol a emiihur deacription, Con* 

Jbtmdfmu Bat it may be obaerred that O. Andr. 

reiiileiB liL daab^t, rerbera et yerba dura infligo ; 

- addini^ ab iBtetieotioiio Gennanonun, aea partirala 
doik^ qoam iimti itacant. 

To DASH, V. a. 1. To flonrish in writing, to 
make ornamental figures with a pen, S. 

9, To make a great shew, S. 

Hue mar be merely an obliqae oM of the E. v. the 
erlgm ol wmch ia probabhr laL aoik-a, verbera et yerba 
doom mfluNX Ite eecona aenae might indicate a re- 
lalioa ta laL dtuu, a candle^ a torch, becauae of ita 
spleadoar. The UL a. indeed, haa a aimilar metaph. 
•■Me I Jki9, Iktot agendi, qnaai incendii flagcantiai O. 
Aad*,^ pb 47. 

Dabb^ «• 1. A floniish in writing, S. 

9. A splendid appearance ; to cast a dashf to 

- make a great ngure, S. 

0afl gowk, hi nacaronl drai, 

Aie ya cone here to thaw your (iue ; 

Bowden wT pride o' afaaoiar gloai. 
To CMi a dtuhliMUikU'setSn I 

FergM$mm*t Pom», IL S2, 8S. 

"A little aboTO thia npoo the aide of a pleaaant 
green hill in Romanno groand, are to be aeen eleven or 
twelve Urge orderly terraoe-walka, which in their aum- 
mer yerdore ead a oonny doA at a diatanoe." Panne- 
coick'a Tweeddale, p. 16. 

DASYDjDabet. V.Dase. 

Throw rowting of the river rang, 
Ihe roches aounding Wke a sang, 
Qohair Daa Kmu did aboand; 
With Triple, Tenor, Connter, Hein. 

Chtrru and SUte, at 7. 

Thia ahoold be written aa one word ; and properly 
denotee ainging in parte; Lat. dltcant-tUt from dU* 
oenio, to aing treble ; ItaL detcanio, Fr. desehant, de- 
9cani, £. dueani, id. cfiacaul, cantua diveraia vociboa 
oonatitutna, Kilian, in Append. 

In the Lat. yeraion, howeyer, it ia rendered : — 

— Ubi Diacaatna nulla otia captaaa 

Thia anggeata that the Tranalator, T. D. (probably 
the famooa T. Dempeter) nnderatood Montj^merie aa 
meaning; that then waa a frequent ropetiuon of the 
aame worda. Thia agreee with the definition given of 
E. dueani by Skinner. Qniboadam, yocia freqnenta- 

DASS| #• 1. D<u$ of a hay stack, that part 
of it that b cut off with a hay-knife for im- 
mediate usoi Loth* 

Hence, moot probably, the v. to demi, "to lay care- 
folly together ; "^ Comb. GL Relph'a Foema ; q. to Uv 
oompacujr, like the dau of a hav-atack. Dtia^ mdeed, 
aa CTroee informa na, ia applied to "catting a aeotion 
of hay from the atack." A. Bor. 

2. A doss of com. When a quantity of com 
in the sheaf is left in the barn, after part is 
removed, what is left is called the dass^ Fife. 
In the same manner, in Fife, the hay left in 
the stack, when part is cut off, receives this 

The latter aeema the meet proper oae of the term ; 
aa oorreaponding moet cloeely in meaning to the cog- 
nate terma in other Unguagee. Sibb. aaya that it la 
**ao called perhape from ita reaembUnce to a deiss or 
oeat." But it ia eyidenUy allied to C. B. das^ accord- 
ing to Bozhom, a heap of grain, hajr or the like ; GaeL 
tat, a heap ; Su.-G. does, ano. djf^ id. laL dtfs, oama- 
loa, hendyt, foeni camulna ; Teat, tttn, a heap, properly 
of oom or fodder ; Fr. toM, a heap of any kind. L B. 
tAoM-ore, tau-art, "to lay np hay or oom into a taaa, 
toae, atack, rick, or mow; foM-o, tasttt§;" Cowei 
Tent. tas8 and aehock are given aa aynon. ; alao tasi^en 
and $ehoek-en, coacervaro ; Kilian. 

DASS, 9. 

"Then 16 atrata of mairatone riae above each other 
to the anmmit of the Fella, where they jut out ; in the 
&00 of the braea, they go by liie name of dastea or gtr* 
rodfea." P. Gampeie, Stirlinga. Statiat. Aoc., zv. 327. 

DASS, 9. A small landing-place, Selkirks. 

"They aoon reached a little daaa in the middle of 
tho linn, or what an Engliahman would call a email 
-place." Brownie of Bodabeck, ii. 61. 




lUt ■■•DM to b9 BMnly aa obliqae !!■• of the tenn 
■■■igni^yiiigaliMp. laL ilet not only hM the ■enae of 
oamnlnai but te also rendered tnmnliifl^ n Bumnd 2 

To DATCH, v. a. To jog^ to shake, 8. B^ 
perhaps origioallj the same with K dodge, 
as signifying to change place. 

DATGHIE; adj. 1. Penetrating; applied to 

tntellectaal power, Ajnu 
9. Sljf cunning, ibicL 
8. Hidden, secret, ibid. 

Shan we trace this to O. Goth, dae^ denoting ezoel- 
knogf and wiL akiU, knowledge^ like dat'-wem^ doe" 
pffi^t esdme fonnoeoaT 

To Datohle, V. fi. 1. To waddle, IVe, sjr^ 
non* Haxnglt^ HungKU. 

S. To walk in a careless manner, with clothes 
not adapted to the shape of the wearer, ibid. 

Bridentiy k dimin. from I>aiidi^ v., q. y. 

Datchel-like, odi. Having a dangling ap- 

Earance ; as, ^ How daicheUike he looks I 
I plaid is torn,** Perths. 

Tliia nearly reeemhlec Id. daid^ aegria nedihaa 
inaiaterei datef, motoa podagronim yel chuiaomm; 

* DATE, #. To GU DaU and Cfree, to give 
preference^ Teviotd. 

Aa gree aignifiea degree^ qnalitv, aho anperiority, 
(V. Obb), thia phraae may rapeot the preoedency given 
to one^ according to the daU of hia charter or title, aa 
diatingniahed from another whoee hononrs are more 
ncent. O. Yr, date, howerer, aiffnifiea debt. 'Dina, 
it mi^t denote the anperiori^ oiie to 

, q. dare 
debitnm gradnm. 

DATIVE, 9. A power legally granted to One 
to act as execntor of a latter will, when it is 
not confirmed by the proper heirs of the tes- 
tator. He, to whom this power is granted, 
is called the executor-dative. 

*' We half giTen— oar fnU power to oar aaida Com- 
miaaariea of £ainban;h, to give dative*, and constitate 
mk peraona aa they be the aviaa of onr Lorda of the 
aaid Seaaioun, or ane certain nowmer of them aa sail be 
appointit to that effect (aaU iad^ proper to be) exe» 
€utor9-daiive$ to the gaida and geir ctt tne peraona de- 
eaiaiand.'' Act Sedt, 24 Jaly 1664. 

L. B. daHp-mSt a guardian i^pointed by the jadge. 

DAUB, #. A dash, a sodden stroke, S. 

"Many n time hare I gotten a wipe with a towel ; 
b«tneyeraiiaii6with a diahdoat before," S. Prov.s 
" Spoken by uncy girla, when one jeera them with an 
vnworthy aweetheart** Kelly, p. 250. 

Thia aeema to be rather from the £. v. to Daub^ to 
beamear, than the aame with a Dab. a. The t. ii not 
naedin E. 

DAUCH, e. **A soft and black substance, 
chiefly of clar, mica, and what resembles 
coal dnsf fire's Hist of Buthenrlen, p. 


to be the aame with JkUk^ q. t. 

DAUD, «. A large piece. V. Dawd. 

DAUDNEL, adj. Shabby in appearance^ 
Lanarks.; aiqparently f rom the same origin 
with Dawdief q. ▼• 

DAUE, adj. Listless, inactiye. 

—Than am I daagenit. and daue, and door of my wilL 
Dmbar,MaiaaiuiPoemi,^4». Y. Daw. 

To DAUER, Daiyeb, v. a. 1. To stun, to sta- 
pifj ; especially by a stroke. Loth. Border. 

i. Dover is expl. to weaken, GL A. DoogWs 
Poems, in reterence to the following passage, 
p. 141 : 

Tfai no the damaa'd heady gear. 
That donnar, oiote, or tfowr. 

DaoerL parL adj. 1. Knocked down, stapified, 

2. Become senseless, from whatever canse, ibid. 

To Datteb, Daiteb, v. iu 1. To become 
stnpid, to fall into a state of stupefaction. 

I wilt not qahair to nm, 
Ker yit eold Sad the nit igaine, 
First qohair I enteiu in : 
B6t tanren and daurem, 
like ane daft doiUt lUe ; 
AflUckit and prickit, 
With dairts of care and dale. 

Bmwi, WtUsm's CUL, U. Sa 

da ta evidently the part of onr v. q. daveratui^ 

"Taoren and daozen," inmdering and waxins atopid. 
The description ia natoral enough ; aa oi»e mo loaea 
hia way, generally beoomea ao confused, that, in seek- 
ing to regain it, he goea farther aatray. V . Taitib. 

2. To be stiffened with cold, to be bennmbed. 
' Davert^ part pa. benumbed, S. B. 

** Te ken weU enough, we, hein wat, won'd aooa 
grow daveri to stand or sit either i' the caold that time 
o' night.** Journal from London, p. 6. 

Wi may perhapa view thia aa originally the aame 
with £. proyindal daver^ *'to fade like a flower ; 
Devonish.^' Oroee. 

He chappit at the door, an' gif he oou'd. 
He wad hae whistled too; but wi' the cauld 
8ae daveri he,— he oou'd na crook his mou*. 

Tk§ Okaiti, p. S. 

3. To go oat of one's road from stupor, Ang.; 
synon. staiver. 

*' Here'a the bed, man ? Wharo— are ye daverinff 
tof St. Kathleen, iiL 115. 

SU.-0. daur^ infatnare; dt/w^ atoDere; Isl. 
dtu/'T, atupidua. Aa the work also signifies bodily 
torpor, we may Tiew Tent, daver^en, trsmere, con- 
tremiscere, aa a cognate term. DauerU, Dong, aeema 
to be the aame wcwd, according to a diiSerent ortho- 

DAUGH, pret. v. Had ability, Renfrews., 
Ajrrs.; the same with Bought. 

Still he card, an' still she knuckl'd, 
WaesQcks I when she davgh na cheep, 

Tho' her skin wi' dads was speckl'd. 
Black an' white, like Jacob's sheep. 

Train** Fodioal JUverUt, p. 6S. 

Hera perhapa it ia rather improperly need, aa if 
equivalent to & duni. V. Dow, to be able. 




D AUOHy «• A oertain division of land, de» 
tBrminad by its being able to prodnoe forty- 
• 9^pt bolls^ S« B» 

**Thm dmwMis of ]«id« narked hf pounds and 

wmAa, kc an frBoneat in tho lower parts of Scotland ; 

Wl imtgkt and boUa are onknown any where sonth of 

-Tutemsaiihirs. EreryiieMi^Aieeaui to have consisted 

flC fsffty-eudil bolls, which comprehended a greater or 

lallsr dJMriot of country, according to the quality of 

i mO." Agr. Snrr. Livem., {». 66. 

I esB form no other idea of this term than that it is 

with DawackB only used in a more limited 

DAUOHy #• A Terjr heaTj dew, ac drizzling 
nfai, Stiriings.; synon* Ekiff, Angus ; Daukj 
Fife. Heaoe the adj. Doughy. V. Dawk 
and Dawkt. 

DAUK, adj. EzpL •« dark, marky,** Bochan. 

FeD Dssth, wi' his lang •eyth-sn"t sper, 

9 Isnt wiH a raeksrt, 
AnT tnirt him sir r his date* csr. 

IlMT«/tPp«NJ^ p. IOL 

—Mfl cat owrs the Unoeks blew ; 
Or roads wis dkdt^ wi' blinnia stew. 

IhUL, PL 88. 

lids Mpeon to be a word of Scandinariac origin ; 
Id. Amok-t, <loedfc-r, niger, obecams, given by Verd. 
■id Seran^ aa synonymoas with Sw. and Dan. moerekf 
. 8. mirk; tfodbi-c^ nigreacer e ; Alem. doug-tn, ocenltare. 
IS Siieno highly nrobable, that this is nom a common 
fsumtain w%Ok'l>awk^ a drizslinf rain, and />atn£y, 
moist ; or that the terms rBfened to nnder Dcnak^ are 
asailj alEed to those mentioned above. In this case I 
voala consider Dauk^ aa nsed to denote darknem only 
ia a secondary way ; aa the thickness or dondinem A 
the atmoephero is a principal caose of obscority. V . 

DAUETy a<^\ Moisti damp. Y. under Dawk. 
DA1TLEB|«. A supine, delicate person, Boxb. 

Sfidmitiy allied to Dawtie; Sn.^. daaUg, om 
a a imnm dto despondet^ qni debilis est ; perhaps also 
So U. dwoU^ Dan. cf tsole , deliqaiam. - 

DA1TNIE, t. The abbreviation of the name 

DAIINTIT, pari. pa. Broken in. V. Dan- 

DAUPET, Daupit, Dawpit, narL adj. 1. 
^ Silly, inactive ;** GI. Sanr. Ayrs., p. 691. 
EzpL ''Having lost mental vigoor, Lan- 

9. ^ Dax^pii^ stnpid, nnconcemed, foolish f Ol. 

8. In a state of mental imbedlity, Ayrs. 

Mbes.-0. danAoUtf sensu carens ; 8n.-0. d^m^ stn- 
; IsL dap^mri deflciens, moestoa. V. Dowr. 

To DAUB, V. n. To be afraid, to stand in 
awoi Ang., Fife. V. Dare. 

Daub, #• A feeling of awe or fear, ibid. 

To DAUB iinoti, V. a. To a£Fect| to make im* 
presnon* Aberd. V. Debe upon. 

To DAUT, V. a. To fondle. V. Dawt. 

I grant in deld qnha preiub TprichtUe 
To aeme the Lord men first thsme lelfls deny. 
And na wayis dres to daut thame daintelie, 
Bot tluuue prapslr for troablis idantlie. 

Davidson's ConunstukUioun, qf Vpriehlnss, it 29. 

DAVEL. s. Expl. <' a stunning blow,** GI. 
Sibb. ; devel^ GI. Shir. 

In giddr, thoughtlaas mirth, a wee, 

Cet Fortnne^ vofries revel ; 
Tet, frae the tap o' fun, ye'll see 

Thefll get an unco devd, 

Pieken's Poems, mS, p. 158. 

I— gae my Pegasos the spar, — 
An' sair his flank I've proggit. Sir, 

Wi' moay a deveL ^ 

A. aeoits Poms, 1811, p. 114. 

To Dayel, Devel, V. a. To strike with vio- 
lence» West of S. 

An honest, open, manly part 

He av aphel' ; 
'•Oaile soud be dsoetd i' the dirt," 

Saa Will M*N— L 

IVmaoAiZr* Poems, p. 110. 

DAVELIN, s. The flat planks used for sup- 
porting the arch-stones of bridges, during 
the time of their being built, Ayrs. 

DAVIE, s. The diminutive of the name 
DaMy S. 

This name, even as applied to a king^ was softened 
into Dawy by our old writers. 

Of thai the yhoangest wes Dawif oor kyng. 

WytU., nU. 8. 7. 

DAVOC, 9. A dimin. q. " little David,** S. 
0.9 Bums. 

To DAW, V. n. To dawn. 

Thiddyr he come or day bwoath to daw, 

fVaUaee, v. S21, HSL 

Hay t now the day dawis. 

Old Somg, C%fon. & P., iv. p. Iz. 

No more the morning cock, with ronsing craw, 
Awakens Gib to toil ere daylight daw. 

TmMs Mounittim, Muss, p. 9S. 

This V. is stiU nsed in the West of 8. 

The V. dais seems in 0. E. to have borne a sense 
nearly allied. **Dawwn(i, settyng of lyfe, [Fr.] resae- 
tication ;" Palsgr., B. iii. F. A 

A.-S. daeg-ian, lucescere, Sw. dag-as. Tent, dagh-en, 
id. from A.^. daeg, Sw. dag. Teat, dagh, dav. 

In one of the Harleian MSS. preceding A. 1200, the 
sama word occors. 

In May it mnigeth, when hit dawes, 

T. Warttrn's Hist. £.P.,L29. 

For Jesos insteth well, Joye bsginneth dawe. 

P. PkmgkwiaH, F. 09, b. 

DaW| s. Day ; O. E. daw4. 

Aftor fyftene dawes, that he hsdde y ordevned this, 
To London he wende, for to amende that ther was amys. 

JL Ohuc, p. 144. 

Moea-O. A.-S. Sa.-G. Alem. dag, lal. dag-wr. Germ. 
Plrecop. tag, C. B. if laa, id. 
Dwu of daw, dead. 

And qwhen that he w«s dwms nfdaws. 
Thai tttk the land for^wtyn awe. 

frynioMn, YiiL 28. 29. 




— Thai war vwenuyt all planljr.^ 
Tkn itnd Im tkiU a qnhilL and mw 
Thai thai war all doum of daw. 

AireoMT, zvtiL 164, M& 

9b do owi qfdawifa, fo hring oj^daw, to kill. 

Bk foatar teodrr thareftir tona 
Tha Ml omi ofdawifi haa done. 


For thai war &7ia to the Kin^, 
And thbeht to eaBn in to aculking ; 
And daall with him, qnhUl that thai mw 
Thar pojat. and brymt him than of daw. 

^' iW., viL 180, Ma 

A aimilnr modo-of •zpreaaton oocura in O. E.: — 

Ban 71 thai knyf al hlodjr, that jeh hrogU hym 
1^ i^dam. R. Glome, p. 81L 

1b the aame aaaaa moal wo nnderatand a phraae in 
tho King ol Tara, kll vnezpUinod by Mr. Ritaoo. 

ladwkla ba brent and dam i^dowe^ 

JL IfeC Ann., a 189. 

Mot eaaan for dawe, 

8b.«0. dag^ iSbaoA il litorallT aignify dSay, ia often 
«iad lo donoto ifi: Toga of aaga^ luoo priwo^ in- 
taffloan ; Mod. Sax. fondd^e* dokn^ id. 

DA W9 DAt 9* 1. A sluggard, one who is lazy 
■ad idle. 

tho 8. Pror. "WhAl better ia the honae, 
thai tho Daw riaoa early in the momingf Kelly, p. 
Wo mval oartainlT anppoao IhnI oar anceatora wore 

Kit onomiea to doth, when they frmmed another 
r. *«BelteradeiUlhanac{ai0.'^ 

Than thoeht I thaa, I will my eonnaiid keip, 
I will not ba ana <fat9, 1 wyl not sleip. 
I will oomplete my promp achortly thna. 
Made to the poete maiiter ICapheaa ; 
▲ad mak vp werk hereoC and doit our bake. 

Doug. Virga, 452. 8S. 

9. Ik is now appropriated to a woman, as 
eqaivalent to £• drabf slaUerhj S. B. 

*'Aa year a waaam, aeron yean a daw;** S. Ptot. 
Vafgoaoo, p. 1. Thia Ptot. aeema to denote the fatal 
jftf*?*"*^ OB tho female constitution, of giving sack 
loo lon^ aa il moat neoesaarily produce lassitude. 
KoUy giToa another reason ; " becauae that year will 
^o ner a habit of idleness ;" p. 270. 

**Bm thai marriea a daw, eaU meikle dirt" Ibid., 

Obo would auppoaethat the term had greater em- 
phaaia than aUU, nom the following Prov. ; " There 
waa BOTor a alnl but had a alii [rentX there waa never 
a dma but had twa.*' Ibid., p. 324. 

Mony slute daw and slepy duddroon 
Him aanrit ay with sounyie. 

Dimtor, Baanai^ne Poems, p. 2ft. 

But I see that but spianioff 111 nsTer be braw. 
But gas by the name of a oilp ora da, 

aomg, Roo^o Bettnore, p. 1S5. 

Badd. coBJeoturally derivea it from doU^, dowjf, 
dull ; Sibb., from Tout, dat^^em, prorooare in alium 
diem, q. a jpoatpomer, Tiie first ia indeed neareat tho 
amrk. For aoUj^ is fkom the same common origin 
with daw. Thia la laL daa, defect, fainting, deliquium 
aaimi ; VeraL O. Aadr. not only rendera it deltquium, 
but aemhiex, quiea morti aimilior. Thia appeara aa 
a primitiTe term, from which a numeroua family haa 
kRiod. Liagia i dav, in deliquio rel parata quiete 
Jaeara; O. Andr., p. 44. 8. dame, laL dan-a, Su.-0. 
daam-Of aaimo aUenari, deliquium pati ; IsL datt, animi 
vamiaaio^ timor, VeraL 8u.-0. aaaiig, mentia inopa ; 
lriali% Biisar. Heaoe our cfoffy, daicy, doHCd ; Sa.-0. 

iloq^ ife/ka, faliaoera, dtifwa, atupera, ifq^Wen, da^. 
atupidna ; S. dowf, d^fart, dqft, dqfin, d^ferg; Sn.^. 
doom, atallua, datura, infatuare, S. dart ; Su.-G. tfooo^ 
a fool, doi^ languora. Tout daea^a, dolirara, 8. daae, 
daaed; laL doede, atupor, doidia, atupefacere, a doU. 
dML Henoo alao 8. dow, to wither, daver, domrU 
and cfdmlie, q. y. A. Bor, dawg^a, dawkim, **a dirty 
alattering woman," Bay, aeem to bo from tho aams 
Thia aadent laL word, daa, beara great raaa mWanrn 

of tho Hob. nn, daoah^ languidua full. 

DAW, s. An atom, a jot, a particle. Never 

a dawj not the smallest thing that can ba 

imagined, S. B., sjrnon. etarn^ yifit. 

Ir. dadadk, pron. dmlaa; OaeL dad, dadadk, a Jot^ 
whit, aomewhat, aeem to acknowledge tlie same root. 
Thia undoubtedly ia, what Seren. (to. Damp,) caUa a 
aaoal aiteinU Scjfthiam word, Daa, vaporara. According 
to thia etymon, we may obaenre the analogy of origin 
between thia and ffim, id. which ia the aame with 8n.-0. 
ana, one, fumua teniua, laL eim»ur, vapor. 

DAWy s. A cake of cow's dung, baked with 
coal-dross, and, when dried in the ann, used 
by the poor for fuel, Fife. 

A aimilar ouatom prevails in Egypt; with thiadif- 
ferenoe that clay ia mixed with the oow'a dung. Tho 
ci^Lea are dried ia the aame manner. V. Ularko'a 
Travda, voL v. 

Denominated perhapa from their heavineaa, by m 
figurative use ol the tenn Daw, aa dimoting a hMvy 
inactive person. 

DAW, «. Used in Ayrs. to denote a tmll or 
bad woman. Although Dall might seem to 
be the same wonl, it is used simply for a 

DAWACHEI, Davoch, Davach, e. A con- 
siderable tract of land, a small district, in- 
cluding several ox-gangs, S. 

" Gif ano dwelles vpon land perteining to ano f no 
man, uid aa ano husband man naldea Unda of him ; 
and ho happin to deceia ; hia maater aall haue tho 
beat eaver, or beaat (the bed auchtf of hia cattell, pro- 
yyding that the husband man did haue of him tho 
aocht parte of ane dawackt of land, or mair." — Quon. 
Alt c 23, a. 1. 

*'/>ai0acA« aeema evidently connected with Teat. 
daghwand, modiua agri ; versua, id quod uno die arari 
aut verti poteat ; from dagh, dies, and weitden, vertere ;** 
OL 8ibb. But a portion of land, that required tho 
labour of a certain number of cattle for tho gear, would 
not be denominated from the work of a ainsle dag. 

In the Lat. copy it ia Davata terrae, Buaei afaaurdly 
makea it the aame with davede, dabede, which he ren- 
dera juaguea d ; because davata, he says, haa been ox- 
toided to aignify a barony, aa if the meaning were, er- 
acUg, equivalent. The word ia of GaeL origin ; from 
damh, pron. dav, an ox. Damhaeh waa the term for- 
merly uaed in Gael, for an oxgate of land. It ia atill 
need in the counties of Ross and Banff. 

"Then ia a Davoch of land^ belonffing to thia pariah 
in the valley of Strathconon, in the Losom of the weo- 
tem mountains.** P. Urray, Ross. Statist. Aco.,vii. 2-16. 

**The parish of Kirkmichael is divided into 10 Utile 
districts, called Davoeha.** P. Kirkmichael, Banfla. 
Ibid., xii. 426, 427. 

According to Skene, the Dawache included four 
plough-^tes, which some understood aa double, 
amounting to eight ordinary plough-gatea. 




fleotoi, ««M Jknmk of bud; anod 

, aimln tame, qoonim luittmaiioai^ae 

tnkter oelo bobiia : Alii qnatuor anti» dnplicift in- 
lillifiati qwM null oelo ritepUciA : 8«d lenrari deb«t 
m^ o^ eoiaotBdo looomm. In noonnllii libria hio 
l^ptar, J tPB io $trf% ooati» fidom veterum codicum 
t mA m m oQg mu u Ji9safaMit«mternMooiitinetl3acrM. 
C^|«ioetev» pon oompieiuMidit wum acnuD, dimidiam 
oonM^ ol ooUvHB partem Msno. Kot. in Quon. Attach., 

Ho adds Has — oimwrnent of tho Bowtta, to shew 
ttst tho oigbtk poit montioned in tho text connot apply 
to tho O KO D g a t o^ as boiagio Yoiy amalL How, indeea, 
tto landlord haTo the beti auehi, or principal 
OBO who had tcarcely ground for one? 
▼iewing tho Dawack aa merely a 
of tiiirtoen acrea, sappooea that '* eight 
woro wont "to dno an ox apkee to 
■mJm ^ this fonnidablo dianght." 

¥nm wnal ol onflident attention, and not haying 
o h— li d Skono'a Koto to the Lat. copy of Reg. Mag., 
I Ml into n similar mistake^ yiewing the word aa ay non. 
with •a p e nf o fe, ox-gaiL 

Iho torai, H appears, was sometimes used as oqni- 
yusn to Aflvoojf* 
n q«od in mtjosmodi captionihoa sen proyidentiis 
fist texatio jnxta nnmemm davalartim^ 
'omimrmm; sad secnndnm yenun yalorem bon- 
81a*. Iiay. S; o. 48. 
''Tho polish ol Kirfcmichael,'' as we learn from a 
poBMgo ottotod in tho Dxcr., " is diyided into 10 little 
&yeli^ ooDed IknodU." T. Kirkmichael Banffs. 
8lalb Aoe., xiL 428. Now thia panah extends in length 
shoot 10 oooipated, or 16 English miles ; and from 
one to thrso oompiitod miles in breadth. Ibid., p. 428. 
Iluiidkyws sbont a measoxod mile and a half square to 

of Bhynie^ which is 5 English miles 

'hr ss htoad, oontaina 8 of the 48 davaeh» 

of tho hwdship of Strathbogio. A davoeh 

82 oxen-gates of 18 acres each, or 416 acres of 

laad." F. Bhynio and Essie, Stat. Aco., xix. 

nis wndtitf oocfospoods with Skene's lowest cal- 
loMBca, as including four plough-gates 

of thodoieae , 
(qoatnsr antva), each of these containing* eigEt oxen 
Ipiss, (io. nekoiiinff thom seyersUy at 13 acrea,) 104 
osfos oseh. Aoooffoing to this calculation, the eighth 
port ol m dmfoAt g s f or r ed to in Quon. Attach., would 

Iho wiitsr ol this artids giyes a more full and satis- 
iislBgy darivalion than that which I had adopted. 

In ito osyinsl aooeptotion, it importo as much land 
ss OOB ho plooghed b^ 8 oxen. 

**8o?«ml antiquaries haye msstshen the etymon of 
1/ hat the word is eyidently derired from JDahnh^ 
'JcA.fiold.'' Ibid. 

D AWAYTT» 9. A thin flat turf. 

~««Tb p«H heddir, cast fewel faiU k dawautLT 
AhsdL Bsf., A. 1661, V. 21. V. Dnrxr. 

To DAWCB, (gait) v. a. To moisten as 
with dew, to damp^ Ayrs. 

U. d wyowa^ Dan. (fsgv-er, rigare^ irrigars. V. 
Dawk sad Di 

DAWCH, Daw, adj. "Lazy, idle,^ Gl. Wall. 

fln js sr BcoMs, yelt salott sail ye be, 
Orndtmu Daweh LanL bath lowih banyoek a ds. 

WtUlaet, yL 188, M& 

0Mtf «M% duwdU Lard, BdUameh Benoekadie. 

Aeeoidinf to this yiew, both dawek snd Xaanf are 
8. wonisb tmd signify, "lasy laird." But agentleman. 

yorssnt in the OasL, informs me that althou|^ Omi 
ilfyn is sMiofy 90WI even, all the rest of the line IS GaeL 
and on|^ to be read : 


L o. " Rather say, if yon please, God bless you." 

The woffds, rtUMer m^t howeyer, mar the sense. It 
would thw efo re seem that dawch Lard is not GaeL 
Dawtk \m thna tho same with doiM^ used by Dunbar. 

DA WD, Daud, «. A considerably hrgd piece 
of any thing; especially of what is edible, 
S. synon. hmclu 

For dmudM of baaoocks, whangs 0' cheese. 
Their pouchei a' they wnight anoe. 

Rn. J. Nia>C» Poems, IL 11. Y. Lunch. 

"Raw dmtdM make fat Luis." This is "spoken 
when we giro a good piece of meat to a young Doy ;** 
KeUy, p. »4. '^There is little sense in this," he says. 
PeriMips he refers to tho epithet raw. But this seems 
to mesn, that the keen appetite of a boy will not wait 
till meat be made fully ready ; and that it is better to 
oiyo him a portion in thia stste, than to suffer him to 
fast too hmg. 

The term does not «>pear inyariably to include tho 
of magnitude. This is sometimes determined by 
means of an adj., as, a muckl> dated. 

It is sossetimes written cfoJ. But tlus orthography 
IS Lot consonant to the pronunciation. 

^ A dmd o' a bannock, or fadge to prie. 

Jamieafm't Popuiar £alt., I SOL 

To rim oil a dawdo, to tear all in pieces ; GL Yorks. 
" Dad, a hunp,** A. Bor. GI. 'Grose. 

The IsL phrase. At drygia dade, to bring sunplies, 
suppetiss fen a, may have some afi&ni^ ; especially, ae 
daad is rendered, virtus et arnica officia; U. Andr. It 
may, however, be rather allied to IsL todde, portio, 
tomus ; ss tho change of the dental letters is very 
omnmon. Hie IsL term properly signifies a portion 
bestowed as a gift. Anciently every husbandman in 
Norway waa bound to present to tho King, at Yule^ 
a bushtf of barley, and the quarter of an ox three years 
old. This waa caUed Vina todde, literaUy, a fnend'a 
portion i Heima Kringla, c 252. A gift at Christmaa 
was also denominated Id todde; G. Andr. vo. Todde, 
p. 24a 

Haldorson oxpL IsL todde, integrum frustum vol 

Dawds Ain> BLAWBS. 1. The blades of cole- 
wort boiled whole, or broth made in this 
manner. This phrase is used both S.B. and 
Lotlu It seems equivalent to long hailj S. 

**l>awdt emd Hawde, broth with grsen oolewort, 
boUed," (». Shirr. 

Dawd, denoting a large piece of any thing, as of 
bcoad, the phrase is understood in Fife, as referring to 
Itfge pieces of bannocks eaten with king £aa^,'the blade 
being only stripped off the stem, and twisted, before it 
is put into the pot. In occurs in tho following lines : — 

Hse, there's a ihort-shankit cuttle. 

Or there's a ram Vhon spune ; 
Aers's dawdt and blawdt to yer dinner. 

And chsen to yer kitchen whan done. 


2. Sometimes used to denote the greatest 
abundance, Fife. 

Dawde is undonbtodhr tho pL of <laic«f; a Urge piece 
of any thinfr q. v. The phrase seems equivalent to 
Model III doiedflb or in large piooea. V. Buld. 




DAWDOE9 9. A tatterdemalioii, Lanarks. 

Thk upMMitljr olMiiia tlit same origin with DawdU^ 
q. ▼• It may m obMrred that £. ciModie is Bynon. 
with our /loaraii. 

DAWDIE, #. A dirt7 dovenly womaiiy a 
slatteni, S. B. 

Domdmt nMd by Shakspean, ia CYidently from the 
■MM ona;iii. Thia ia laL daud-a; dauda doppa^ 
foemeDa ignava. Moea-O^ af-dawida, Unguidua. Our 
dawdk is jperfaapa immediately from S. daw^ a sluggard, 
q. y. I like UL damd^ dauda, from daa, delinqoiom 

Dawdib, adj. Slovenlji slattish, S. B. V. 
. the #• 

To Dawdle, v. n. To be indolent or slovenly, 
Perths. v. Dawdub, Daw. 

DA WERE, Dawark. V. Datwerk. 

DAW-FIS^ 9. TbQ lesser Dog-ash, Orkn. 

*'Tbe leaaer Dog-fish (Sqnalna catulua, Lin. Syat.) 
whieh ia hero called the daw-JUk, ia caught in amall 
qnaatitiea on our ooafta." Bainy'a Orkn., p. 296. 

DAWOHIE; adj. Moist, damp; as, ^'a 
dawghi$ day,** Ayrs. V. Dawkie* 

DAWiKiS, 9. pi 

''Omittit caponay pooltnr, graaaumea, dawikis, and 
an other aenricea ana amall dewtiee. " Abb. of Aber- 
hfoth. Keith'b Hiat, App. p. 183. 

Thia moat be an *ror for dawrkU or dawerhU, i.e. 
oecaaioml aerrioea hy da/a Ubour. V. Dawerk and 

DAWINO,#. Dawn of day. 

On the Bad ewyn, in the dawing. 
. TlMl^UaoathlewtUlasMUL 

Barbour, xril 684, Ma 
Ba thia the dtamiii§ gaa at mone wai nde. 
And Aarit away the ateniea fra eoery itede. ■ 

ikn^ Ffryil,86.00. 
Dam, fh q. ▼. A.-S. dagmig, aurora. 

DAWE» 9. A drizzling rain, Fife, Loth., 

To Dawk, I?, n. To drizzle^ ibid. 

Dawkie, Dawxt, Daukt, adj. Moist ; as, 
** a dawkie day,** a day characterised by thick 
misty or by drazling rain, ibid. 

"It waa a raw doMkjf abnr-Iookin' mornin' when we 
•St onL bat it's a bra sonny day now." Tennant'a 
Owd. Beaton, p. 17Z 

— '*I set my nose o'er the Hird knows, a wee aboon 
Dsaas-ystt^— and was beginning to clear my een free 
the dew diapa, for it waa a dawku morning." Blackw. 
Msg., Not., 1820^ p. 301. 

Sikz. dak^ m nsarly qrnon. Dicitor de nebula 

▼o. Dugg. Also, Belg. 

doohg, deody, orereaat, miaty; ten dookig lucht,\ 
doodyordarkaky; Sewei But (lauat may be merely 
a Tsnety ol 8. Do^, (q. y.) need preciaely in the aame 

DAWLESS, adj. Lazy, inactive, destitute 
of energy, Roxb. 

Parhai^ from A. Bor. daw, to thrive, or daw, to 
leoaa^ with the negatiTS particle. 

DAWLISi, adj. Slow in motion, Ayn. ; 
apparently from DaWf a sluggard, or Dallf id* 

To DAWNER, v. n. "< To wander, as if a 
person knew not whither; to saunter;** OL 

Thia ia the hical pronunciation oi the weat of S. 

Dawner, Dauner, s. a stroll, Ayrs. 

— *'I waa taking my twilight dawaer aneath tlio 
hedge.** Ann. of the Far., p. 27. V. Dandkb and 

DAWPrr, ooH. adj. Havmg lost vigour of 
mind. y. Daupet. 

DAWPrr, adj. In a state of mental imbe* 
dlity, Ayrs.; perhaps radically the same 
with DowF, q. V. 

D AWRD, 9. V A push or fling," 01. Aberd. 

Oleyd QihMe Oon, wi' a derf dawrd. 
Belt o'er the grare divino. — — 
ChrittmoM Baling, Skiiuier^s Mise. PoeL, p. 132. 

Thia ssems radically the same with Dird, a stroke, 
a blow. I hesitate whether both may not have received 
this sense obliquely, as oriflinally the same with Teut. 
daegh-watrd, iter unius diet ; Alem. doehvarL id. V. 
DiaDbJLl, ''adeed.** 

DAWSIE, adj. Stupid and inactive, Loth. 

It conveys both the idea of constitutional folly or 
imbecili^ of mind, and of bodily torpor. The term is 
conjoined with creature, or some substantive expressive 
of oontempt; and often, perhaps merely for the sake of 
the sound, applied to a slovenly foolish woman in this 
form, dawuk maume. 

It is mors probably allied to IsL daa-tul, Ungues- 
oen ; whenocb s* woud seem, Su.-0. daa-tt, to yawn. 
Tent, cfieoei^ stultus, insanus; dwaea-en, desipere. 
Thus, it is evidently akin to Dcue, v. The common 
fountain may be seen under Daw, a sluggard. 

To DAWT. Daut, Date, v. a. 1. To 
fondle, to caress, S. Part pa. dawtit. 

They nov0r minded malr, but meet and daui. 
And thought the time but jimp enough for that 

Jto§t*aMelenare, p. 19. 
Or hss some dauied wedder broke his leg? 

JUauaj^a Poemt, iL 4. 
" — The father will make much of his sonne, & 
alluro him, & promise him an hyre, to moue him to do 
that thing that he is obliged to do of duty : so the 
Lord cfolet and allures us, and calles the thing, which 
hee giues us freelie, an hyro and.nwarde, to the ende, 
that hee may enoounge vs to goe forwardes in well- 
doing." BoUocke, Ftesion, p. 491, 492. 

2. flquivalent to, dote upon. 

Much dawied by the gods is he 

Wha to the Indian plain 
Successfii' ploughs the wally sea. 
And safe retnnis again. 

Ramans Poeuu, L 84. 
At first view, one miffht suppose this to be ndicall) 
the aame with R dote, dote upon. But it haa certainly 
a diffinent origin. J>ote ia properly derived from Belg. 
dot-en, delirare. Thia haa moro affinity to Isl. daii-ur, 
gestus amatorius, O. Andr. 44. daar, daa, dattt, 
extremely pleaainff, vehementer gratua et placens ; 
leUsadaat, pUusifailiter ludere ; ad ummcut dooU, to be 
grsaUy beloved, raldk amari, Ibid., 47. The origin 




■ftjr b* Um old primittT* dan^ ngiiifying Miy tlung 
tiwiWnt or hi^y DlcMMing. Hence daa lade, a phrase 
<ii>Hiig tluit Mtuuetioii or delifht^ which i« ezpresaed 
fm^hm oonntenAiioe by smiles ; bene placentia smden- 
. Unit Had., 41. Tkiae, ikeuude, oralis sccipio, would 
■fanoofc seem eUied ; as well as Bloeo4}. daudo in ««- 
4«Hfa^ Mllidte, Lake TiL 4. 

DAurnrOy Dauteino, #• The act of fondling. 

Hms dnif tlud o«r that deir aieht with da^tieing {and 


DAWnEy Dawte', Dawtt, #. 1. Love, kind- 
neaa, endeannent 

— Thir danisellii, for dene doytit lofe 
— ' Do|poais haldis in dknsM.— ^ 

Ihaibmrm MaUkmd Poems. 

2. A darCni^ a fayoarite, S. 

It's tsn to sne jeYs aae their difftr^jf, 

JBkuT^s P9m9f pi 88S. 

*'Ho [Woodiow] wastes time and paper, giving an 
aecouit ol old Qointin Dicb, one of his Daie^iet, now 
he was cleared in paying of it [the Cess], by his 
Balaam-like prayers. I uew more of Qointin Dicic 
and James Gray, whom he speaks so meikle of, than he 
being in prison with them." Walker's Remark. 
p. 122. 

8ibK. deriTes the v. from Dan. daegff-er, to nourish 
, <r briaa up; and the a. from daegge, a darlinff. Bat 
ift woQld appear that daepg-ef, Uke Sa.-0. anegg-ia, 
pgop ttiy signifies to snckle ; thus daegge is merelv a 
sorrting; corresponding to Sa.-G. daeggiobum, infans 
hstens. V. Dbt. Tlukt etymon, given under the t., 
aeson therefore preferable. It may be added that Fr. 
dad^ childish toying speech or dalliance, seems a 
eognato term. Sonfihr k on enfant toutes se dadoes; 
to oo^er a child, to make a dowf te of it. 

To aone^ however, it may appear that S. dawUe may 
haTO had ha origin from GaeL dali, which in the 
Habridso denotes a fostered chihi. V. Dalt. 

Dawtit, Dauted, part. pa. Fondled. V. 

DAT, «• A canopy. ^ Ane black cordonn 
^ for a day.'' Inventoriefl, A. 1576, p. 242. 

Ol IV. dag is synon. with doii^ "a doth of estate, 
*^ or heaTon, that stands oyer the heads of 
thrones;" Cotgr. V. Deu. 

DAY| 9. Used as denoting a portion of 
tune, tlie extent of which is determined by 
the word conjoined with it ; as, A montKs 
day^ the q>ace of a month ; A yearU day, 
tfaeanace of a year ; ** He has been awa this 
wwmws day,** he has been absent for the 
space of a month, Aberd. 

I am jnclined to think that this phraseologjr had 
besa originally meant to limit the term specified, q. 
tiactly a month, a month and neither more nor leas. 

Igra lenden A.-S. daeg, tempus vitas humanae ; re- 
fmnng to Aelfric, Can. 28, of which, I must acknow- 
ledge, I do not see the iqpplication. 

DAT. TTltf day, a Scottish idiom for t(hday ; 
as^ Hew org ye the day? 

**Bat wa maon a' liye the dag, and have our dinner ; 
and there's Vich Ian Vohr has packed his dorUu^h," 
Ae. WaTeriey» ii. 280. 

As in A.-S. io daeg signifies hodie, whence the E. 
term, in IsL Stt.-G. and Dan. the preposition i, sig- 
nifying in, is prefixed, i dag, also m LL i deige, I 
have not observed anything that exactly corresponds 
with our vulgar phraseology. The Belg. most nearly 
resembles it, as deezen dag signifies t^day, literally 
**ikU dtkj," which is undoubtMlly the sense in which 
the article is used in the present instance in S. The 
same idiom appeara in the mom, the phrase invariably 
used in our venacular language for to-morrow. 

DAY Ain> WAY. 1. To make day and way 
t/t,io support one's self for the dav^ so as to 
clear one's teay, without any oyerpfus, S. 

2. ** YeVe made the day and the way alike 
long;** a common phrase, expressive of 
reprehension, applied to those who have 
taken much longer time in any excursion 
than was necessary, especially when they do 
not return till nightfall, S. 

DAY-DAW, #. Dawn of day, Fife. 

" Well better slip awa' soon to our beds the night, 
that we may rise with the dag-dawJ* Tennant's Card. 
Beaton, p. 28. V. Daw, v. 

DAY KOB DOOR. It is said that one can 
hear neither day nor door, when a person 
cannot distinguish one sound from another. 
It is more generally used, I think, to express 
the stunning e£Fect of loud noise, S. 

Now by this time the house is heels our head, 
For se thing some, and some anither said ; 
That dag nor door a body cudna hear. 
For eveiy thing was put in sic a steer. 

Jtoff's Hdenon, p. 86. 

"She*a as deaf as Corra-linn; we canna mak her 
hear day twr door,** Tales of my Landlord, ii. 180. 

I suspect that it should be /> nor Door, in the same 
manner aa it is said of a stupid person^ that he disna 
Am a B/rae a bulTeJU, S. 

DAY NOB DOOR, a proverbial phrase used 
to express the effect of noise or uproar. / 
eanna hear day nor door^ I can hear nothing 

zr aay 
', S. B. 


— " In a weaven the house wis gaen like Lawren- 
fair ; for you wou*d na hae Aord dag nor door.** Jour- 
nal from London, p. 8. 

This phrase is probably ver]f ancient. But I can 
form no conjecture as to its origin. 

DAYIS. V. Angus Datis. 

Since the article referrecl to was printed, I have been 
indebted, among many other obligations, to my friend 
Thomas Thomson, Esq. Depute Register, who published 
theee curious Inventories from the original in the Re- 
cord -0£Bce, for a correction which seems perfectly well 
founded. He views this as a corrupted spelling of 
Agnus Defs; supposing that the things meant are 
*' those little amulets, as one may call them, commonly 
made of fragments of the wax uchts used at Easter, 
and impressed with the figure of the Paschal Lamb." 

From the Diet. Trev. we learn that thejr are often 
made in the form of a heart, and covered Mntli a piece 
of stuff which is usuallv embroidered. The pronun- 
ciation of the term, which seems to have been imitated 
by the writer of this Inventory, is like that of hesogne 
and Cologne; and may therefore be viewed as fairly 
ezprtsned by Angyus, The Pope gives his benediction 




to IhtM kr neaai «f the iM||f ekrkm; tad eoaimiti 
IImb to tM ehugtt ol tht naiUr ol his wmrdrobe. 
TImj am dvtribiitod to th« peopl* for perfuming their 
ho ui i w . and fleldi^ and Tineyaida; and ara^ we are 
■II rail, m^ eflhetaal, not onlj in preaerring from 
^ bnt a ofaadng away cfif apiiita. 

DATIS. lb haU ds^yU. 

■ TIm Me J1i0B dyde beijais 
B4the be land and beta. 
To lAwfe the Tvehtof hia ewntri; 
For at the Tvoeit he wee qwhile 
HMmd doMii wjth Jhene of lie. 
That wee tUlBgUa &j haldand ; 
And q;irh jle wee In-to the nayne land. 

ITjfiilneii, filL SQL 8BL 

Tliia may oithor aignily, "'obeerring a tmoe with 
. John ol the lales,** or "entering into terma with him;" 
aa theee noblemen were onoppoeito aidea. 

8n.«0. dag^ a truce ; alMH the timeof the obeenration 
ol a tnioa t Laaio theU tn dag «tao, they agreed on a 
traoe Idt a certain time ; Chron. Bhythm« ap. Ihre. 
Tent, do/fk^ indnciae. Sa.-0. dagtk^ to oomo to termoi 
to ettkar into an agreement. 

DAYIS-DABLINO, #• A sweetheart. 

Qphen hia Grace amunia to fUr Stirling, 
Thair tall je lA a dagit'dairUmg, 

lywrfwy, CkrmL & /*., iL 154. 

It ia not eaqr to determine tiia meaning of thia com- 
poond term.' '*Perfaapa doHmg of my dayt^'* Sibb. ; 
^*A dariing; or woman, bright aa the day,** Chalm. OL 
Bnt the formation of the term doee not well admit of 
thia SgnratiTe interprtftotion. What if it ahoald be, 
one worthy to be set at the dait otdeU; q. worthy of 
the aeal of honour t 

DATITHIS, 9.pL Debto; AbenL Reg. 

DATLIOAUN, «. The twilight This is 
almost the only term used in this sense in 
Clydes. ; . q. daylight yafn or going. Synon. 

**A» bonnie aimmer e'enin', after dayUgamn began, 

.aa aho waa aittan on a reetin'-chair afore the door,— 

the childer wha war playan aroond saw a roee come 

whirlan to her fit.— Bonnie May cleekit it np^ gi'ed a 

load gai&w, Taiuahed in a widdrim, and waa ne'er 

BCag., Oct ISlSk p. S29. 

DAT-NETTLES, Dead nettles, an herb, S. 
T^iminm album, Linn. HempKleav'd c^ad 
Nettle is called DeornetUe, A. Bor. 

DATNTF,«. Begaid. 

And of hii chavmjr ane wes he, 
Ihat was had in grtt 4layii«. 

ITynfown, Is. L 54. Y. DAOfTBU. 

DATS, pL A* the Day$ of the Week, a game, 
auKMig children. V. Birds. 

DATS of LAW, Lawdatis, the term of the 
session of a. court of justice; or tiie time, 
when those are summoned to attend, who 
hare interest in the court. 

"—The aabjectia-«r— freqneatlie inqnieted, be 
onmmw g in oonyocation, to daget ^ Law^ and to pane 
inon Aanaee in Edtnbiuvh, quhair the CourtMar 
oltonee oontinned [delayed] in hinderance of joatice, 
nd to the great trouble and needelea ezpenaee of the 
KingiUegw.'* Aeto Ja. VL, 1587, o. Sl.^ 

TOL n. 

A grrt djttay for Soottia thai ordaad than ; 
Be the UMdagU in Dnnde aet ane A jr t 
Than Wallaee weld na laagar aotome thar. 

Sometimee it oooon in the ainff. 

*'I aend thia be Betown, qn£a gaia to ana dag of 
ol the Laird ol Balfonna." Lett. Detection Q. 
Mary. O. V. a. . 

8iL«0. dag^ the fixed time for public oonrentiona or 
oourto ol Law; D^ daag maande i Telge 9taa; the 
oonTantion waa iqppointed to be held at Telge ; Chron. 
Bhyth. an. Ihre. IiL Utgdag, diee lege praefinitna; 
Verel. Lid. Teut. daegh^eH^ diem alicui aicer^ con- 
atitnere; Belg. dag-em^ to anmmon, dag^vaard and 
ianddag, a convention <^ the atotea. 

I need ecaroely obeenre, that L. R dido, whence E. 
diet, an aaee m bly of eatotes, ia formed^ bjr analogy, 
from Lat. dies; which eapecially in declenaion f diei>, 
aeema originally the aame with tho Ck>th. term. 

DAY-SEIY, «. The appearance of the s£y at 
break of day or at twilight» Ettr. For. 

" It waa a while before the <lay-«£y— when I thought 
I aaw aomething white on the muir." Perila of Man, 

DAYWERE. Dawebk, Dabg, #. LA day's 
work| a task performed during a day. 

There waa aa man than lyrand. 
That eTTT oowth wyt of ony land. 
Or eryr aeid, or aaw be-for, 
That 9wjr thai bad in-til meauire 
In-til <mj kyn kynrrk, 
A dagwtrk to that aavwerk lyk. 

Wgniman, tUL U S24. 

In the Stormoad at Qaaklwne, 

That dolafol dawerk that tyme wee done. 

Ihid, ix.lL iL 

**A drunken wife will get the drunken penny, but a 
drudge wiU get a dark ;" S. ProT. KeUy, p. ». 

2. This term seems to have been used, in a 
secondary sense, to denote a certain quantity, 
as being the result of the labour or work of 
a day. 

— *' That Johne Keeeeeome, fte., aall deliuer again to 
Johne lord Drummond for — nyne hundreth tiire akore 
of thraifia of foder, price of the thraif iij d., fiftj dawtrk 
of hay, price xzmerkia," Ac. Aot. Audit., A. 1489, d. 

*'In the actionno— «gania George Campbele Scberef 
of Are— ffor the apoliatioune of vj dawarkU of hay, 
spuilyeinff of hia houa,'* Ac. Ibid., p. 147. 

From aisttr, day, and werk^ work ; A.-S. datgworc^ 
kL Teut. dagK-wrckt penaom. Aa thia word ia uaed 
by ancient writers to denote a battle, we may remark 
the analogy between it and Fr. joumie, V. Dabo. 

To DE, Dee, v. n. To die. 

^Latyne thr fader in law— > 

Doun to the goistis in campe Elyiee 

Sail weod, and end his doUy dayis, and dee, 

JkkL, 47a & 

In to thia fernent fiDome enfflr me 
To go enragit to betel wide, 

Doug. Virg., 43t L 

"And gif it be forthoocht felony, he sail dee tluuv 
for." Acto Ja. L, A. 1432, Ed. 1814, p. 21. 

Dee azpreeeee the S. mode of pronunciation. 
Doorae^ conquer or die, Wallace. V. Dxr, v. 

DONB TO DK, killed ; q. made to die. 

Ful monjr diaen sermonni bctuiz thaym two 
Talkand and carpead oft qohare aa they go ; 
The prophetee thaym tald wms done to de. 

Doug. rwgU, 1S8. S7. 




DEAD,#. Doaih; 

its oompositet. Y. 

DEAD, (Mode of ipealdiig of the). 

Jk mtw im k mU fUd hotmm. itaaadage whieh but aft 
in* irimw ba aaoribad to tlia humanity of the livuig. 
Bb4 tnm an tha andenoea that we hare of the opera- 
Um of tUa principle towaida men while alive, when it 
ia Ib our power to do them good or evil, it aeema veiy 

whether it may not Jnatly be traced to 

Ofwn time^ when men apeak of the dead, eapo' 
aiaQy if anything ia aaul to their dispraise, it is common 
to qialify it by aooM phrase^ apparently expressive of 
lyiq^alhy or rraud,— as. " poor man t " " honest 
■aBfcr, ''wor&ymanr— whae what is said often 
ifvaeUr eontmdiota the mollifying qnalification. Some 
good Protestanta are aocoatomed to aay, ''Best hia 

Hm latter moat andoabtedly be Tiewed as a remnant 
of tha Fopiah aanrioa for the Md, aa in effect aprayer 
for a r e qu i em to tha departed q[>irit. It nearly 
Msbiaa the langnage of oar Acta of Parliament bei 

w - before 

the BeCotmation, vRien it seems to have been thought 
ttat a aovoNign, althonghdead several generations 
bifon^ might not be mentioned withoat thia saving 
elaaa%— '*qnhom God assoOyie." 

TUs^ like tha iriiole of the service for the dead, had 
Hi OffjtgiB in hsatheaiam. The ancient Bomaasi ia 
' ' g of the dead,, seem to have been afraid, not 
of wmafng diaqaietade to them, bat of bcioff 
tvea troaued with their onwelcome visita, 3 
thsv ahonld say anything to provoke them. " How is 
ilk aaya FJiny, *' that in makiag meatioa of thoee that 
ba dean, we speake with reverence, aad protest that 
wa hava no msaaiag to dis^aiet their ghosts thereby, 
or to anf aaything prejodicial to their good aame and 
ssBMrial?'^ Hist.^» zxviii. 2. 

DEAI>-LOWN^ adj. Completelj still ; ap- 

eld to the atmosphere, Lanarks. V. 
iTVy adj. 

A' was AmUomL whan in a stoon 
A whiriwind W frae the air. lEa 
Mmrmmidem^fCfydef JSdm^ Mag,, Ma^ 1820L 

& U. the oor rwfMiu dent term iogn is ased in a 

ifal aad aKp e ssi To oombiaation ; Jhuia4offm, so 

aa not to attf the down on a bird ; Adeo aiollis 

at BtolliaBima plnma anllam sentiat aoram ; Hal- 

DEAD MEN'S BELLS, Foxgloves. Digit- 
aEs paipiueay Lbn. 

tt aeean to have rsoeived ito name, either aa fro- 
Ly foond aboat the roiaa of aionasteries, Ac, or 
a the vaksr believe that where it grows, aome 
baa besa Doried. 

Bat dlanae pa' the dlfwr ei«ii*« AeOt, 
Iftat me prewd ower the grey cnigs hing. 

For ia their enp^ whsa the sua is up, 
Daffoar noble ooeen sa' king. 

lAiOad; Jtfm. Mag,, OcL 1818, p. S28L 

of tha ▼algur, ia Loth., make a saperstitioBs 

aaa of these beOa. W hea they sappoee that an iafsat 
baa besa inJarsd by nunical mflaeace, or aa they ez- 

BiaaB it, gotten Hi, (perhapa also for preserving them 
DOB tiua drsaded calamity) they pall a qaaatity of 
loobglove^ and pat it ia the cradle. 

MEN'S SHOON. To waafar dtad 

r# gtoofi, to wait for a place till it becomes 
▼aeant by tiie dwXk of the present possessor. 

*' AndyaVa a*ea oome back to libberton fe waUfor 
deadrnm^eehoomf" Heart of Mid Lothiaa, L 123. A 
aimilar phrase ii ased ia E. 

Tliis o ot rs su o a da with the old adage; '*He goea 
long bare-foot that wears dead men*e ekoom,^ 8. 
"SpcAea to them who expect to be some maa's heir, 
to get his places or his wife, if he should dye ;** Kelly, 
p. 148. 

DEAD-RIPE, adj. So ripe that all growth 
has ceased, S. 

** Some assert that eattiag [wheat] qaiok is the sarest 
way of havia^ the graia perfect, while others are of 
opiaioa that it should be dead-ripe, ia other words, 
that the circulatioa, in both straw and com, should be 
over before it is cut down." Agr. Surv. E. Loth., p. 

DEAD-SWEIB, t. Extremely averse to ex- 
ertion, as lazy as if one were dead, S. 

*' Work for nouflht makes folk deoA^weir, " S. Proy. 
illustrated by the £. oae ; "Great pains and little gaina 
make men sooa weary." Kelly, p. 311. V. Swua. 

DEAD-THRA W, «. The last agonies of ex- 
piring nature. V. Dede-thraw. 

* DEAF, aiy. 1. Flat, not shar^ ; applied to 
soil, btafgroundy an insipid soil that either 
prodoces no crop, or a very insufficient one, 

Su.-0. davfierd, terra sterilia ; OL Goth. ap. Ihre^ 
vo. Dohoa* 

2. Destitute of a principle of v^table life. 
Qrain that hath lost the power <S germinat- 
ing^ is said to be d^/ S. 

A.-S. dea/ com, fmmeatom aterile, Lya. 

3. Botten. A deaf nU^ is a nut that has no 
kernel, S. Tent. c2oovg noo^, Ejlian ; Gterm^ 
eine taube niwM, id. . 

A. Bor. *'deaf, blasted or rottea ;" Grose. 

Thas it has the two last senses mentioned. A deaf" 
uMi w expressly defined, " a not whoee kenial ia de- 
cayed." lb. 

At first view, the common siffnification of the word, 
aa need to deaote the want of the sense of hearins^ 
mi^t seem the primary one. Bat this, I appreheao, 
is Bierely a parttcalwr and restricted application of a 
term ongxnally ased with far greater latitude. It 
properly signifies etupid, ia whatever way; hence 
transferred, in a more limited sense, to the stupidity 
of one oij^an. Hire renders Su.-G. dqf, in its pnmary 
aimiifieation, stupidus, cui nihil frugis est ; utdeurdue, 
only in a aecondary sense. Isl. dav/r, 1. insipidus ; 2. 
surdus, G. Andr. p. 47. Moes-G. daube, aignifiea 
hardened ; and dauSiiha, hardening^ obduracy; applied 
to the heart, as denoting a state of moral stupor. Here 
we must refer to that prolific root. Id. daa, deliquiunL 
V. Daw, 2. 

DEAL, Dealle (of land), s. A division of 
land, q. a distinct portion. 

^'«The eroftis callit Balnascrath. The cottaris 
deattie, and aacht akeris of land occupvit be the fisch- 
oris of Feme, with the teindschayes thairof and thair 
pertinentis." Acta Ja. VL, 1600, Ed. 1814, p. 211. 

^**The said Maister Andro Aytonae is inleft ia— 
tha laada callit the Staiae Haltoaae^ with the tua 








4mOm «f Uad faniid betniz tlie Uiida of Ormnge and 
HiMoiiiMliilL'' Acta ChA. L. Ed. 1814» VoL ▼. ISS. 
iu4L dadoi^ portioiMt. Y. DxiL| Djeidli. 

DEAM^ «• Apparently for E« dam* 

**9it John would hare nt divido in three rartieo. 
* little deam to charge them ; 1 wonid 

goo over 
hoTO them takeing meat, and litting'a gaird on a atone 
diki^ to difoMl the deam by tomea.*' Sir P. Hnme'a 
Mamtiv% pw M. 

#• A girly Berwicks. This term, in 


▼■rioiis parts of S., is used in the same sense, 
as oormpted firom E. damef and generaUj 
expressive of contempt or displeasure. 

DEAMBULATOUB, #• A gallery. 

And ftrder elk jMroidoiir mjcht ye knew 
llllhin the eheu deumbmUUimr on raw 
Of fotefiidaili grete ymagia dyd stand. 

JMmff. VifyO, aL 17. 


DEAN, Dek, #• 1. A hollow where the 
^ronnd slopes on both sides ; jgenerally, such 
an one as nas a rivnlet ronnmg through it, 

**8potllMMi8e^ roavmtioanT aitnated on a rock, in a 
rfea% den or glen, abont a mue long; though appearing 
ia a low aite^ haa * proeoeet of the German ocean, 
Dubar, the Baaa, Ide of May, and the neighbouring 
▼iiyiioh ooaat of Eaat Lothian,** P. Spott. £. Loth. 

Staftiat Aoe., y. 45S. 

Hub tenn ia often applied to a wooded hollow. 

"I have made aerend Tiaita of late to the Den of 
Rabidnw. — One ereninff it appeared in dreadful mn- 
Jaaty ; for it waa ao thick a fog, that loould hardly aee 
the topa of the treea, or oTon of the difia." Sir W. 
ForiMa\ Life of Beattie, \L 51. 

**A Dm^ in the vemMsular language of Scotland, aa 
ised in the aenae here meant, is aynonymoua with what 
ia called a /Ha^fe." N. ilnd. 

9. A small ralley, S. 

'^Oa the Booth aide of the two rocka of Carlopa, a 
amall valley called the Carlop'e Dtan croaaea the glen 

bahiad. ^At the ^ooi of the Dtan, eaatward, before 

it oo a t i ac ta and deepena into aglen, ia a aubtemnean 
•pri]^ called the BomUing WelL" P. Pennycuick, 
Loth. Statiat Aoo., Append, xvii. 822, 624. 

B. dm ia need in the aame aenae ; A.-S. cEen, TuUiaL 

To DEAR, V. a. To hurt, to injure^ V. 
DssSy Deib, v. 

To DEABy V. n. 

Tour banouets of meet nobility 

*" of the doff brawen in the Herae. 

7^ fanlt of cattle, eora and gei 



Polwoff, Watmm*» CoO., iii. 9. la 

Hub nndonbtedly relatea to aome proverbial phraae 
BW obaolete. Dtar aeema eqni^ent to aavour, taate, 
hanra * amack of. V. Bkawkx. 

DEABGH, Derch, «. A dwarf. 

Ueld, dhtfiift Deareh, that thou haa disobeyt 
My oouiin Qnintiae, and my CommiaMr. 

JSver^rem^ iL 49, at 1 
Uarcft, I ian dtaig thee Un I gar thee dang.- 

iNd., S8, it 19. IT. Droicb. 

DEABIE, Deart, «• A sweetheart, a darling, 
S. ; a dimin. from £• dear^ id. 

The aald anld men came out and wept, 
*'0 maiden, coma ye to aeek your dmrU t** 

/MMa iWMi, IL 19flL 

'^Ttk a gnde wanght— Fm aoe ye're weary," 
Qnoth Annie KaUBe to her cbaiy. 

Maiput* aaUt €hm, pi. SI 

To DEABT, Dearth, v. a. To raise the 
pciceof any thins; daarted^ raised in price ; 
Orkn. Evident^ from E« dearth* 

Thia o. haa anciently been in common uae. 
*' That thay dearth the mercat and oonntray of eggin 
bnying.** Chalm. Air, Balfour*a Praet, p. 683. 

DEARTHFIT, adj. High-priced, S.O. 

Ye Soota, wha wlah auld Scotland welL^ 

It aeta yon ill, 
Wi' bitter deorCVi^ winee to mall. 

Or foraiga gUL 

DEABTH-CAP, s. The name given in the 
Carse of Gk> wrie to a species of fungus which 
in its form resembles a bowl, or what is in S. 
called a eap^ containing a number of seeds. 

It mnat have received ita name fkom ita being aup- 
poaad to afford a aupply in * time of ieareUy, 

DEIAS, #• A turf-seat on the outside of a 
cottiqge. y. Deis. 

DEASIEyCM^*. A term applied to the weather; 
as, ^^deane day,** a cold, raw, uncomfor- 
table day, Roxb. V. Daisie. 

DEASOIL, Deisheal, #. Motion according 
to the course of the Sun ; a OaeL word. Y. 


We kam from Pliny that thia cnatom 
aaaong the Gaula aa early aa hia time. 

" In adoring the goda and doing reverence to their 
imagaa, we uae to kiaae our riffht hand and tnme about 
with onr whole bodie : in which geature the French 
ohaerve to tnme toward the left hand ; and theybelieve 
that they ahow more devotion in ao doing.** Hiat B. 
zzvui. 0. 2. 

DEATH-CANDLE, #. The appearance of 
what is viewed by the vulgar as a preter- 
natural light, giving warning of death, S. 

—''She had for three nichta aucceaaively aeen a 
deatk-camdU flitting from the battlementa of the Kaim 
afapgthe diffiL tiU it finally aettled amid the tomb- 
Btonea on the Wheel ; from which omen ahe auguied 
nothing leaa than the death of aome peraonage con- 
nected with the family." St. Knthleen, iv. 23. 

DEATH-ILL, 9. Mortal sickness. V. 
• Dede-ill. 

DE ATHIN, 8. Water hemlock, Phellandrium 
iquaticum, Linn., Teviotd. ; denominated 
perhaps from the deadly nature of the herb. 

DEATH-SOUGH, «. The last inspiration 
of a dying person. South of S. 

*' Heard nae ve the Ung drawn deaik-^omgh t The 
deat k'to mf ^ of the Moriaona ia aa hollow aa a groan free 
the gtnve.** BUokw. Mag., Sept. 1820, p. 602. 

ToD£Ay£,v.a. To deafen. V. Deve. 




To DEAW, V. n. To rain flentlj, m if it 
fallings to drizzl6| B. B. 

DEBAID,«. Ddaj. 

Umb BoMok wikh tb^ oonpttnTf 
nsltai Ui vmyM doqrt b« lui^ 
ff (Ml CO Ui way, Int mar deboMd, 

To DEBATT, v. a. To be diligent in procure 
ing anything. 

▲Moon thai liittfir nld be antorist in thii realmo^ 
Im Mmnaadil na ▼agtfwHUid nor ydill pepyll to be 
imoit in onytown withoat tbay bad aitm eiaft to 
4iMl tluur iMmgi'' Bellend. Croo., R zr. c 1. 
lU irietam artificio alio fiuMrftaiitef. Boetb. 

Xllii b periiapa from F^, dibai^rt, to liriTe. 

To DEBAITi V. a. To protect 

''Hoi la^c iflir ho w«nt agane in Inj^and, & wee 
tniblil with aa Tehenent wait & baill, i&X be myobt 
akairiio dtbaH hjm aeif & bia anny Tnperiat be atonne 
of wodder.'* BellendL Gron.. B. zr. c. 12. Viz 


"F^o Innoowit (beeana he bad ane yeirly penaion 
of King Johne) waa the mair commoait at tbu oom- 
rfaiwLandjtoiiiittit to deUui him with maiat faaoure. ** 
IbdU Bk ziii. e. 11. CanMim Joannia aibi cnrae fora^ 
as earn ao fHfoMiaai ncipere. Boetb. 

Una aaHM allied to fV. ae Mot-i^ to beatir one'a 

To DEBAIT» 9. a. To bring low, to lower. 

wyn tfdr BatoUuiis, as be wiJd, 
at eoamand diiteil theie TOot and eeioe, 
the Kiagia mynd, and bald thaie peace. 

Ztoay. VirgO, 460. 11. 

laed iapraperly, aa Rodd. haa obeeired. 


To DEBATTy v. n. This verb is nsed in a 
ajngglar sense in Perths., also in the South 
of S. When one has ate as much at a meal 
aa be deems soflSdent, and thinks it is time 
to hj down his knife and fork* it is com- 
monly said, Ftt d/Aait now. 

lUi has been nndeittood, aa if it were meant that 
the jponoa bcinff refreabed with food, waa ready for 
sIriiS ; the worn being Tiewed in the eenae of the E. 
T. la dtkaU. Bnt the term might aeem to be rather 
■sad aa algniMng to refrain, to give up, q. to siTe 
•vw aalin& Inthiaaenae, bowever, I obeenre no other 
woid to mich it oan be alUed, nnleaa we anppoee that 
it alhidea to the l«pd lenae of Fr. debai-rt^ to demar 
non,ortothatof O.Fr.cie6(u<-«r, dfM<-€r, to takeoff 
tM packaaddla from a beaat of burden when bia work 
ia dona. It may. Indeed, be from ae debal-rf^ to beatir 
onela aalf ; q. haring aatlafied my appetite, I will now 
engage In wnrfc. 

DEBAmiENTy #. Contention. 

Tiaeaail ifrfaffaifiifi, <|oha aa right 
Their mUbt beaane, and all maner 

Paiiet qf ffononr, m, 47. 

lir. MofeaicnL id. 

PEBAT, Debate, #. Strife, vombat, fight, 

The MI of Mvrraff with hb nenye 
BaaidB the kfark tiU kepe the vay, 
ThM na BMa paat that gat avay. 
ftewoat Ma^ to the cactela. 

UrUm , zt 4U, akeafaBd. 

lir. Mari; oontaat] 

DEBATEABLE, adj. A dOateabU person, 
one who makes a good shift to gain a liveli- 
hood| Ghdloway ; q. one who debates or fights 
every inch of Us way; synon. Fenniey Le. 

To DEBAUSGH, v. a. To sqnander, to 

**Tbe LoidBb — ^pitying the poor lady, reeerred it to 
be heard sa nraetaUia, to the effect aome oompoaition 
miflht be baa by way <n arbitrament, aince her boaband 
baa tUbtuucMMtJH, and left nothing to her.'* Foord, 
SimpL, Dea, p. SSO. 

ClFt. dfwanek ar, "to marre, oomipt» apoyle;" 

Dbbaurd^ #• Departure from the right way. 

'*It'a aoaDeeted, were the qneation pnt^ the known 
anawer wnaud be retomed, 'We have not ao mnch aa 
beard if there be any Holy Oboat I that ia, heeded, or 
felt, what thoae gifta ara^ whereof the Holy Oboat ia 
inapirer, whieh ▼erily ia the ground cf all our ainful 

biff off heavenly mat- 
a look.'*' Aimand^a 

dmutrda, (viz-) onr unbelief, leaving off heavenly mat- 
tera, if not aoqnired by a 

yy a 

[DEBONAB, Deboxeb, adj. Courteous, 
kind, gentle. 

flor he waa off ftdl Cavr Mr 
Wyaa^ cnrUiae, and itboner, 

Barbour^ L 983, Skeat'a El] 

[Deboh ABLT, adv. Courteously, kindly. 

That fcfit bim dtbonarijf 
Tb do of bin hmd bia likixuL 
• Sarbowr, ziz. fiS, Skaaf a Ed.] 

To DEBORD, v. n. To depart, to go beyond 
proper bounds, to go to excess. 

It ia aho written iMotmL 

"It ia a wonder that men ahonid take pleaanre to 
deboard in their rloatbing, which ia the badge of their 
perfidiooaneea, and waa at firat appointed to cover 
toeir ahama and nakedneaa." Durham, Ten Command., 
p. 302. 

Thee, ahadowiag foorth. my drmnghta may not dtbord 
From aaoed minor of thy aaving word. 

Mor€$ True Crueifixe, p. 7. 

IV. dAani-er, to overflow, to ezoeed rule; from 
oon^ a border, brink, brim. 

Debobdino, e. Excess. 

To Debogh, r. n. To indulge one's self in 
the use of any thing to excess ; as tea, snuff, 
&C. The prep, tot or with is more generally 
nsed ; in Aberd. to debueh upon. 

Debush, '#. 1. Excess, intemperance, Aberd. 

S. One who is intemi>erate in the use of any 
thin|^ ibid. 

To DEBOUT, V. a.. To thrust from; Fr. 
ddwA^r^ id. 





^'TclUt fraad WMd«toetod befbratlieTeaiiMlioiiM, 
d he <fa6oiirirf, and pat trom that aathonty/' Hama'i 
Hial. Oooi^ff p. Wii 

[DEBO WALTT, part pa. Diaembowened. 

•DEBT, #• 7b come m the dibttf, to break; 
to defrtroj; to kill; to make an end of; 

Djfilf riSOUNDy part. jm. Bonnd by engage- 
ment, or legal obligation. 

**Tluiil tlie Modii landislordis and bailliet be debt- 
hommd to Mtufie the peirtie Bluuthiti and to refoond 
toy tluur heinehippia and akaithia of thair awin pro- 
par goidia and laiMua^ to the availl and qaantitie tane 
to&a eomplaiiaiia.'' Acta Ja. VL, 1687. Ed. 1814, 
p. 4618. 

DEBTFULL, adj. 1. Dae, honest. 

— **Tlia aaid nobfll and myehtia Lord Jamea Erie of 
Mairmy, Ac, zeaMTit and aooeptit— the office of Regen- 
trie d oor aoverane Lord hie raalme and liegia» and 
flttfhiaaithforcMCNIadmmiatratiounthairoL'' Act. 
Som. Gona» A. Ifie7, Keith'a Hiat., p. 653. 

9. Indebted. 

''That oaigohile Patrick Keig, father to the charger, 
WM Mb^iU to him in greater aama." 4ko. Foord, 
SappLt ]>eo.» p. 4U. V. Dm. 

Tp DEBUGK, V. a. To prevent any design 
from being carried ont ; a term chiefly used 
in the game of Nine-pins, Giydes. Hence» 

Dbbuction, 9. In the game above mentioned, 
if a player strike down more pins than make 
up the number required in the game, he loses 
tmrteen. This is called a debuetionf ibid. 

To DEBUBSE, v. a. To disburse ; Fr. de- 

**Thairfor sail the proprietor and land baith be ban- 
din— to rafonnd tiie uria part of the money quhilkia 

thaT ddmrm in bigging of the aaidia tenementia." 
Aota Mary, 1560^ EdT 1814, p. 491. 

DxBUBSiNO, 9. Disbursement. 

— *'Be the dajUe gnit inereaa of neoeaaar d^rringii 
Ib thair hienea the prince and prinoenia maiat honor- 
ahffl effuria and fnmiaainffia, hia hienea thesanrarie ia 
ef the aeif beenm TnabiU to diacharge the burdiri^ 
qnhint preaentlie it Tnderlyia," &c. Acta Ja. VI., 
1608, Sd. 1814, p. 17IM80. 

DEOATy 9. A decline, a consumption, S. 

Thtj haTO a charm aho whereby they try if per- 
be m a deeoff or not, and if they will die thereof ; 
& they eaU Oaatingof the heart." Brand'a Ork- 
aty, pb 82. 

To DEC AID. V. n. To fail. <" To faill or 
deeaidi'* AbenL Beg., Gent 16. Lat. de 
and cad^. 

Dbgaden, adj. Apt to fall. 

•*Jkeadm k abm to faU done [down."] Aberd. 
Bm.. Oeokie. ImB. deeadaUku " Deead noekt," do 
noC ttU, or be not loat, ibid. 

DECANTED, part. pa. What is much 
spoken of. 

•«Therefbie thia ifeMiital notion of a popular action, 
can never foond a title in thia coontry ; whew aaeb 
actiona are only known by aoond." Forbea, SuppL. 

Dec., p. 79. ^ 

Lat <lMxiii^m«,«< to report or apeak often;" Cooper. 

The good Judge aeama to have Latinised the common 
Tolgar phraae^ appUed to any thing Aat la much 
extolled, or girea occaaton to a great deal of talk ; 
«'Xhat*aapf^ailairtomakaiaiH/abont,' S. 

DECEDENT, s. Used to denote one who 
has demittea an oiBce. 

"In the vakance following Mr. Jamea Fatriy was 
called to the miniatry at Leith.— The Provoat. Sms. 
having a particnlar deaign for Mr. Robert Rankin, — 
being alao brother-in-Uw to Mr. Jamea FairiydecjctojJ. 
had drawn a factiopi in the oooncil," Ac Craafnrda 
Hiat. Univ. Edin., p. 100, 102. . .^ ^ , 

The term might aeem properly to aigmhr deoeaaed ; 
F^. deced^ id. Bat the aenae la evidently borrowed 
from that of Lat. deeed'-ert^ to depart* to retire. , 

I am not certain whether we ought not to view it m 
refeience to death in the following pasrage :— ^ . . 

«Mr. Andrew Young, beaidea au honorarr for hm 
paina, was appointed to auooeed to the next daeedaU. 

DECEIVEBIE, s. A habit or course of 
deception, Clydes. 

To Decern, v. a. To adjudge. 

** That the peraonia brekaria thereof be callit— before 
the kingii grace & hia oonaale, to here thaim be decernit 
to haif mcurrit the pania contenit in laid actia." Acta 
Ja. v., 1528, Ed. 1814, p. 306. 

'*The lorda deeemU hua to give Frendranght a new 
tack of the aaida teinda." Spalding, L 51. 

To Decern, v. n. To determine, to pass^ a 
decide ; a forensic term ; Lat. deeemrere^ id. 

*' The aaidia lordia and eatatia of parliament fiudia, 
deeemiB, and declaria, that the laid Franoea, sumtyme 
eril Bothuile^ hea committit and done oppin and mani- 
feat treaaoun annia our aaid aouerane lord," &c. Acta 
Ja. VL, 1503, Ed. 1814, p. 11. 

Decerniture, 9. A decree or sentence of a 
court, sometimes as enforcing payment of a 

— **Found~4i miniater'a aaatffnation to a tack-duty, 

being fortified with aeven yearr poaaesaion, — aufficient 

to maintain hia ririit of the atipend, and to infer 

. decemiturt againat tne heritora." Newbyth, Suppl., 

Dec, p. 517. 

To DECEST, Decist, Dicest, r. n. A 
strange orthography for desUt. 

— "Johnne Tynklare ft ane callit Primroaa aall 
deeeai & ceaa [ceaae] fra the oocupatioune and intro- 
metting with tne fiachingia of the watter of Forth," Ac. 
Act. Audit., A. 1494, p. 200. 

Dkul frequently occura in the aame aenae. 

DECHLIT, oarf. oa. Wearied out and way- 
worn, RozD. or Clydes. 

Perhi^ of Welah origin ; C.B. difygiawlt 
Shaw givea Gael. duaighMM aignifying fatigue. 




DECHTy pari. pa. Dieased, oodrad. V. 


**lbr tiM taWng o«l «f hit hoas of ana hmi reddy 
dbel« for hit qrppv [mppv].'' Abod. R«g., A. 1638^ 

DECLASATOUB, Declarator, #. A 
kgal or anlheotic declaratioii ; a forensic 

—"And thaiifoir iVwy i iiucomr looigmne lord, &c., to 
fif AdaraCMT to the «id WUliam DowgUs of Loch- 
Ma. tfcol he hai done his detfuU diUgence, in 
tmmiuD^ And kripiiur of our said aoaerane lordii 
dUMt Bothor." AetoJa. VL, 1567. Ed. 1814, p. 28. 

•^**no nnti foifeitod by noo-entij are compated 
to Ifao maisl favouniblo way for the hair, in the period 
ftomthodoalhof hisanoeetor till he himself be cited 
hy the siiperior m an action of general dec/arotor of 
aoB-entnr?* Enk. Inat, R ii. m 8, sec. 30. 

Aeeoraiog to our ]a#a, there is both what is deno* 
■UBatodaacneralandasseeJa/iiwIam/er. Ibid.9 aeo. 

DECUNATUKEy Declinator, #. An act 
bj which the jomdiction of any judge, or 
oonrty if declined; a term oaed both in civil 
and in ecdeuastical courts, S. 

•* JlirfiiafTt lafonnded, 3rdly, ratkmemupeeUJudkii, 
whan eitiier the Jndge himself, or his near kinsman, 
hath an mtarsat m the aoit" Ersk. Inst., R i T. 2, 

I. SS. 

"The sari of Bothea and others that were with 
, eboas Arlliur Enkine^ Ac, to go to the cooncil, 
tma nako a dtdimatar aeunst the bishops, aaying they 
ahonld not be Jndgea in 9ie common cause.'* Spiddini^ 

Tt. deeOmUoirt, ^'anasoepiion taken against a judge, 
<r to the jnriadiction of a cooit of jnstice ;" Cotgr. 

DECOIRMENTy Decorment, s. Decora- 
tion, ornament 

->"Iho eractioaa of the port and tonn of Brint 
Hand to ana frie tmi|^ ^^9!^ is— reiy commodious 
■id oaBTenient for the polide and deeohrmeni of this 
nafaMb" to AetoJa. VL, 1587, Ed. 1814, p. 006. 

^** That pariria and plantin sia ar great decormeniis, 
amd nnidi^rofeitabill to the kingdoaie,'' Jtc Acto 
Gha. L, Ed: 1814, V. 000. 

Wt, dtco r t mem i, id. 

DECOMPONIT,;. Decompounded, 
eompoonded a second time ; Lat. 

**Bbwnionyfigareaia there is anepronowne? Thre. 

DECOMPT, 9. An account. 

<— >'*Tbair obligationia and deeompi rupectine^ moid 
be ttair eommissaria depot be thsime to that effect, 
paitMnbrty thainrpon wiU testifie.'* Acts. Ja. VL, 
US4,Ed.l814^ 11.329. 

'9t, dueampi, "an account given for thiAgs rsceived ; 
aback-rsduMung;" Co^. 

To DECORE, r. a. To adorn, to decorate, 
Fr. deear-€r. 

This made me to esteme of her the more, 
and raruMss did her so dMore. 

JT. /osMf VL, ami. & P., UL 47». 

^'Thay gifts, thai cle0oref and beaatifiea natora, thej 
oaanot hiurt nor impair natora ; but al sttpemataraU 
^fla, beaatifiea and aflecref natora." Bmce^s 8enn« oa 
the Sacr., M. 3» b. 

DECOUBTED, pari, pa. Dismissed from 

**Th& Earl of RvntlT m the mean time procnred a 
gift of the benefice of Dnmfermline, which was latelv 
token from the Maater of Gray now deeoarfetf.'* Mal- 
▼il'a Mem., p. 176w 

To DEGREIT, v. a. To decree. 

"Qohat they sail deertU and determine— declarea 
that the saihe sail hane the force— of ane act of parlia- 
ment" Acto Cha. L, Ed. 1814, V. 42. 

L. R deeret-are, decenere. Da Gangs. 

Decreit, Decreet, #. The final sentence or 
determination of a judge ; Lat. decretritm. 

"Frendraoffht -crossed the marqnis every way 
mistily, ana sa waa said obtained a decreet against 
him for 200,000 marks, for the skaith he had sostained 
m Uiir troubles, and another deereti for 100,000 pounds 
for spoilyiation of the lands of DnmUato and parish 
thereof.*'^ Spalding LSI. 

DEDE, Deid, s. 1. Death, S. 

Syne Deid easts np his ysttis wrd ; 
Baying, * Thir oppin sail ye brd.' 

Vumbar, Moitumd Poems, 126, 

The term occnra in O. E. 

Than d&U his lib sundied, the folk for him was wo. 

it Bnmiu^p. 28L 

2. The cause of death, S. 

Though I has slain the lord Johnstone, 

What care I for their feid ? 
My noble mind their wrath diidalns, 

He wss my dither's deid. 

MimMsif Bofder, I VX 

3. It is, by waj of eminence, used inthissense 
as denoting the pestilence. 

"Oaf him to keip to the tyme of the cfeicf." Aberd. 
Reg., Cent 16. 

That ilke yers in-tU Yngland 

The secnnd JMe wss fast wedand.^ 

The tothir yere next folowsad. 

The Ded was entrst in Scotland, 

Bsgynnaad at the Candilmes, 

To toe YnlSb or sft it wedand wss. 

ITyntoMM, tUL IS. 08. lOa 

That this is the sense, unquestionably appears from 
the mode of expression used elsewhere ; 

In Scotland that yhers in wUolens 
Wes wedand ths thtyd pestUens. 

Ibid. tiL Z. 66. 

The eeeand raged A. 1361. 

Su.-G. doed, mors, aa Ihre informs us, also denotes 
the peatiknce. **Thua," he says, **that pestUenoe 
whicn waated the whole of Europe, in the niiadle of the 
fbnrteenth century, is commonly denominated dif/er' 
doedam, i.e. the great death, from diner, ingens, grandis. 
It was also caUed the black death, V . Von Trou'a Lett, 
on Iceland, p. 305^ 306. 

4. The manner of dying. 

Bum tholyd wengeans and hard payne 
TUl there endyng, but mnede. 
Few war of tha, that deyd gud dede, 

Wyntovn, is. 18. 10a 

A-a ded, Su.-G. doed, UL daud, Belg. dood, id, 

Dede-auld, adj. Extremely old, Aberd. 




Dei>-BxD|«. DeathbedL 

**T1m loidit twignii to Johna of KnoIHt^ kc., to 
pnif miBotaitljr tlukt Alex' HAlybutoan haid in his 
""laMioon the ^yiiM of his deoeii, k anhon ha lav on 
ded Mi tho gndk mderwritUn,** m Act. uam. 

Oooo., A. 1482; p. 284. 

HmDWrBELLf •• 1. The pasang-bell, the bell 
of death, S. 

And t?«T Jow ttal the iteil-AeB nid 
It ayd. Woe to Berbeim AlUnl 

irmr« CUL, L 2IX 

9. The designation given by the snperstitious 
to a ringing in the ears, South of S. 

O hdT, "tie dufc, end I heaid the ii0dui MZ. 
And I dannft gee yonder for sond nor fee. 

Mcgg^M MawUttm Bard, p. 17. 

**'Bj tho dead hett » meant a tinkling in the ean, 
whioh our peeaantry — i^Wid aa a aectet intelligence 
of aomolriend'adeoeaao.^ Ibid., N., p. 25. 

DsDE-OANDLEy «• A preternatural light, like 
that of a candlau seen under night by the 
superstitious^ ana viewed as the presage of 
the death <^ some one. It is said to be 
sometimes seen for a moment only, either 
within doors, or in the open air; and, at 
other times, to move slowly, from the habitar 
tioo of the person doomed to death, to the 
ehurch-yard where he is to be interred, S. B. 

Dei»-ohagK| «• 1. The sound made by a 
woodworm in houses; so called from its 
eEcking noise, and because vulgarly sup- 
posed to be a premonition of death, S. it 

. u also called the chaciie^milly S. B., because 
of its resemblance to the sound of a mill. In 
E* it is designed the death'waich. Y. Ghak, 
9i and Elf-mill. 

9. By a varanamaeia rather of an unfeeling 
kind, tnis term has been transferred to the 
dinner prepared for the magistrates of a 
burgh after a public execution, S. 

Aa it waa thon^t that the entertainment itaelf waa 
not qoite conaiatant with nice feelings it haa of late 
▼•IV pfopaily bean diaoaad in the metropolia of Soot- 

Dedb-chap, Dead-chap, s. A stroke sup- 
posed to be a premonition of death, o.; 
dead-^wcpf synon. 

Deds-deal, Dead-deal, s. The stretching- 
board for a dead body, S. 

**It ia written on hia brow, Annie Winnie,->that 

band of woman, or of man either, will never atraueht 
him-<le«lHl0af will never be bud to hia back." Bndo 
of Lammannoor, ii. 231. 

Dede-dole, «. A dole given at funerals, S. 

*'I like to pack the dead dole in my lap^ and rin o*er 
my anld rhvme." Bride of Lammermoor, iiL dS. 

^Dead doU, that which waa dealt to the poor at the 
ftmanla of the rioh ;" OL Antiq. One aeuae of E. 

dMLaanaadbyitaaUtia, '^Pkoviaiona or money diatrib- 
ttted in charity, at any time ; foimeriy at fonarala 
more eepecially ;" Todd a Johna. 

Dede-dbap, s. a drop of water falling inter- 
mittingly and heavily on a floor, viewed by 
the superstitious as a premonition of death, S* 

Dede-ill, s. 1. << Mortal sickness,** 01. 

Thia aeema to be the aame with dedal, S. mentioned 
by Ettdd. aa aynon. with dede ; but properly denoting 
the canae of death. It may, however, oe q. dede-au, 
Le. mortal ailment or diaeaae. 

Tharfor in-til Orimay 

In-till hyi dede^iU qnhen he lay. 

The lettrri selyd of that cownnand 

Till the Kyng Alyaawndyr of Scotland 

In gret hy he gert be Mnd, 

To mak bye mennys dedis kend. 

WfntowH, rii. 10. 830. 

Thia ia written dede-euOle, O. E. 

Bitfaen at Olooceftre dedeetulie him toke. 

JL 3nam$tp, 82. 

— "Yon*a a hale and gaoay carie, meat-like and 
cUuth-like. — Na, na I then'a naa dead'iU about Loni." 
The Steam-Boat, p. 292. 

2. A deadly hurt, a mortal injury, Aberd. 

3. This term at times assumes a more modern 
form; as denoting the death of the souL 

" What may hero be the deaih-iU of a natural un- 
renewed man may be the dangerona diatemper of a 
child of God.*' Durham, Ten Command. To the 
Reader, d. 1. b. 

Dead-knack, s. A loud stroke as of a switch, 
upon the door or bed, the cause of which is 
unknown ; supposed by the common people 
to announce the death of some relation of 
the person who hears it, S. 

"The dead-knadt ia now heard only by a few old 
women, who set very little credit from the diaooveiy.'* 
Agr. Smnr. M. Loth., p. 168. 

Dede-liohts, s. pi. The name given by the 
peasantry to the luminous appearance which 
is sometimes observed over putrescent animal 
bodies, and which arises probably from the 
disengagement of phosphorated hydrogen 

"At length, it waa augseatad to the old man, that 
thero wero alwaya dead ligMe hovered over a corpie b^ 
night, if the body waa left expoaed to the air ; and tt 
waa a fact that two drowned men had been found in a 
field of whina, whero the water had left the bodiea, by 
meana of the dead UgMe, a very little while before 
that." Blackw. Mag., Mar. 1823, p. 318. 

Dede-man's-sneechin, s. The dust of the 
common Puff-ball, Meams. 

The idea mentioned b^ linnmna, aa provailing in 
Sweden, that the duet of thia plant cauaea blindneafi, 
ia alao provalent in thia oountry. 

Dedltke, adj. Mortal, deadly. 

Thare ia nana dedlyihe K]rng wyth crowne. 

That our-larde til ooie kyng auld be. 

In-tU aaperyoryt^ Wyniowti, yUL S. 71. 

A.-a deodtio, id. laL daudleO^r, mortality. 





DiDB-inp, t. A Uue mark in the body, not 
ffodnoed by a Uow. contusion, or any Imown 
canieb aaeriDcd by the vnlgar to necromanqr; 
bice aotneftimfiii called a wiieVt mp^ 8. 

••Th^dtndmlp h yri&wA Ij the mlgw, in CljdM- 
Mt al ItMl^ M a mommtio of daath. 
XiltiB nyib UiM wh0O tbt dood^nqpe is obMired on 

^MMB, tlM mlew TMW ti M a WMIlillg of tiM 

of anIaliML 

itiow idea » not oonfined toooroonntrj. 

Tent, doode-nep in a timilar maimer, 

•kMrviag that it b Tvl^arly newed m a praeue of the 

dHth of a nialioa. LiTor nre macnia lurioa : Utot 

abeque oontnsioiM aut dolore in oor- 
parte : qua mortem ooneangninei 

To en OM the Dedb-nip, suddenly and 
effectoally to check one, Clydes. 


emitted. by a person for some time before 
death, trlien he is nnabie to force up the 
^]q^,which is, collected in his throat, S. 

mT — «■# •'■hill I J 

• ''Sho ■Mho not a mule word. There was a eoond 
iakveoBfvbedtiiroa&kethedeaM-raifle.'* Lighti 
aid flhadowi^ p.l9ii 


- BI7CKLE, «• The noise made by the phl^m 
m the throat, which the patient is nnabie to 
bring np^ before death, liOth., Itoxb. 

"Ho has had a mir etrnggle— bat its pemiag— I 
kaov he would paae when ye came in. That was the 
rfMrtfwWe heVdeed." 607 Mannering. t 80. 

Ibat. r m k e i- tm, ranoo Tooe tomire, ecreare com mor- 
man^ Aeu. r te mnt eL ipoma lethalia. 8w. rtidbf-Op to 
hawkt to moe up phlcjpi with a noiae ; Widec. laL 
htgiu, arthm% in speciali moribondoram; Haldonon. 

I>BDB-8PALE, «• That puTt of the grease of a 
eandk^ which, from its not being melted, 
falb over the edgo in a semi-circmar form ; 
denominated from its resemblance to the 
slumngs of wood, S. This, by the vulgar, 
is viewed as a prognostic that the person to 
wliom it is tnmed will soon die. By the E. 
h m called a Winding^heet. 

I>Bi»4WAP, DsATH-ewAP, s. A supposod 
warning of death, South of S. 

*«TkadM4«my»— ia a load ahaip stroke." Hogg'a 
MomitBia Bard, pu S7, N. He diatingniabea thia from 
Ika dtmfh wafrh and the deaik4a9, 

I>bdb-thbaw,Deiivthbaw,Deitht thbaw, 
a. L The agonies of death. 

**Tho hTUia, Talia and iMoria reaonndit all the nicht 

maiat temhyl apraichia of yammeryng pepyU in 

Bedend. Cron., B. vi. c. 17. 

**Kyng AloTandar cam at that inatant tyme qnhen 
BariM vaa in the agonya and deiiki ihxuu'* CompL 

l!no inganiooa Gloaaariat tothia woilc haamade aome 
lomarfca on the anbject. Speaking of the con- 
of death, he aaya ; ** Theae are regarded br 
withaapedeaof aoperatttionahonor. To 

die with a tAraw^ la rec k oned an obviona indication of 
a bad oonacience. When a peraon waa aecratly mar* 
derad, it waa fonnerly believed, that if the corpae were 
watched with certain myateriooa ceremoniea, the death* 
thrawi woald be reveraed on ita Tiaage, and it woald 
denoance the penetratora and ciroomatanoea of the 
marder. The following Terae oceora in a baUad, of 
which I have heard aome fragmenta. A lady ia mar* 
dered by her loTer; her aeren brothera watdi the 
corpae* It proceed*^ 

Tvaa at the middle o' the night. 

The cook began to craw; 
And at the middle o' the night, 

The oorpaa began to tkraw,*' 

The aaperitition ia pretty general in S., that the 
aoal of a dying peraon cannot eacape from ita priaon, 
how aevere aoerer the affoniea of the patient, aa long 
aa any thing remaina locked in the hooae. It ia com- 
mon, thererore, amons thoae who give heed to each 
foUiea, to tlirow open cuawera, chcata, &o. Thia aa]>er* 
■tition atill remama in Angaa. From the following 
paaaage, it appeara that it extendi even to the border 
of England : — 

" Wha ever heard of a door being haired when a 
man waa in the dead-ikrawf How d*ye think the 

3urit waa to get awa* through bolta and ban like thae? '* 
gy Mannenng, ii SM. 
& <Arofl^ Armo; A.-S. CAmw-on, agonisare. 

2. Meat is said ioh^ in the deadrthraw^ when 
it is neither cold nor hot, S. 

8. Any thing is said to he '^left in the dead' 
ikraw^ wnen left unfinished, S. 

4. This term is used concerning the weather, 
when the temperature of the atmosphere is 
in a dubious state between frost and thaw, 

" It waa one of thoae aort of winter days that often 
occur in January, when the weather ia what the ahep- 

herda call t» fA« dead'thraw^ that ia, in a atraggle be 
tween froat and thaw." Perila of Man, iii. 190/ 

Dede, OB Dead time, o' the teas, mid- 
winter, when there is no vegetation, S., 
Ruddiman vo. Mori; the same with the £• 
phrase^ dead of winter. 

Dede-watch, Dead-Watch, s. The death- 
watch, S.; the same with Dede^haeL 

An' when she heard the- Dead-wateh tick, 

She raving wild did say, 
*' I am thj morderer, my chQd, 

**I aaa thee, coma away." 

*o€tieal Reveria, p, M. 

To DEDEINYE, Dedane, r. n. To deign. 

—I dtdeinife not to nasaoe 

Sic honour ceriis quhilk feris ma not to haue. 

I>oug. Virgil, 0. 80. 

Not to dfiroleiaa your ikderhaid, I pray. 

Under the flgur of sum brutal bebt 
A moral fable ya wad dedam to saj. 

Mmrpmme, Chnm, & P., L 98. 

Fr. deUgti'-er, id., cfe, as Bndd. obaerrea, being anper- 

ToDEDEN, V. n. To deign. 

— My h>idis to heir that wm <Mm. 

CMoMU Sow, Proham. V. Dideuitie. 

DEE, s. A daity-maid. Loth., Tweedd. 

And herdt wi' bonneta, manda, and kents. 
For loupan' buma and dykes. 




Aad Am. wi* oModi, and UrtlM Um, 
1« fUiktd M tbdr tjkaa. _ 

To DEE, 9. 11. To die. V. Db. 

DEED, adv. A common abbreviation of tbe 
E. ady. Inde$d^ B. 

DEED, «. Dpo* my dsed, upon mj wofd, 

DEED-DOER, «. The performer of any act; 
in a bad sense, the.perpetrator. 

^'OmtuB Amot, with a iMrty of moBketeen, wm 
qHotm down to Fyvie, to tako or kill him who had 
■km IV»mth the ■erieant, aa ye hare heard before ; 
hat the deed lioer waa fled.*' Spaldinf. i. 272. 

Pri&ted aa If two woida» but propenjr one. 

lb DEEDLE, V. a. To dandle, as one does 
an infant, Fife ; doodle^ Lanarks. 

C. B. dedytt-kuo aignifiea to anckle ; bat it doea not 
appear that there ii any affinity. GaeL didU denotee 
•^VraatWrekkindneeeranddeKiAa; "fond of;** Shaw. 

To DEEDLE, v. n. To sing in a low key; 
generally, to dudU and Ming,. Fife. 

Ko leea than toar different ternia are naed in thia 
eoontj, to e«|>reei different modee of eioging, or the 
' na andntiooa of aoond. Theee are Cnme, Deedk, 
and Oeii, DeedU denotee an inteimedutte ke^ 
I emniH^ or humming, and lUiing, which aigni- 
fiee liTely ainging; while lUltmg doee not convey the 
idea of tna aame eleration of Toioe with gdUitg. V. 


I httfo fiMind no word reaembling DeedU^ in thia 
aSgnificatioa, nnleaa we ahould view it as a different 
Imi of laL diU^t^ lallo^ nutricnm more infantibiia oo- 
einare ; q. dUU-a, 

DEEDS, «• fl. The gravel, or coarse soil, 
Ac, which IS taken out of the bottom of a 
ditch, S. A. 

*'Tha aide of the ditch next the pUnting to be faced 
■p with the aod raiaed in forming the ditcn, and what 
ia taken oat of the ditch (vemacnlarly the deed*) 
thrown behind thia lacing to support it.*'^ Agr. Snrv. 
Paeb^, p. 181. 

Thii term, like many others towarda the eonth of S., 
vast certainly be viewed as a remnant of the kingdom 
ofStratdyde. For to thia day C. B. tfyworf and lyicml 
■^ni^ "gravel, round little pebble stones, coarse sand, 
S^ % Lhuyd, vo. Qlarta* 

It ia moat generally written ifwod. 

To DEEK, V. a. To sj^y ont, to descry. I 
dedeii Ann, I descried him, Lanarks. 

Oftm. ealdeet-cn, to diacover, to find out. 

DEEMER, 9. One who judges, or forms an 
estimate of the conduct of anotlier. 

••JUdoen, mdeemen,"* Si Prov. "auspecters." Kefly, 
&176i. I have more gsderally heard it thus exprsseed, 
lU doen ore aye ill drecuUn, 

DEEMIS, 9. A deemU of uum9y^ a great snm, 

O. IV. demkuu. a measure of com ; L. B. demeif-mm. 
Bnt I enapect, ttiat althoush the negative prefix haa 
been dropped, it is original^ the aame with Undemui, 

Debmis, adj. A deemU «rptfn««, great cost, 
ibid. UndeMiU money^ a countless sum, Ang. 

DEEP, 9. The channel, or deepest part of a 
river, S. 

"At the Ford-dike the deep or ohannel of the river 
ia npoQ the Seaton aide.** Stote, Lealie of Fowi% n. 

Tent. ^^epUt 8w. dUig^ depth. 

DEEPDRAUCHTIT, adj. Designing, art- 
ful, crafty, S^ from deep and dratichi^ a plan, 
a scheme. It may be obsenred, however, 
that Su.-G. drag-a^ primarily to draw, also 
signifies to deceive ; and that there is even a 
synon. term in Su.-Gn laangdragen, qui 
simultates diu servat alta mente repostas, 
Ihre; q. kmgdrauehtiL 

DEEPIN,v. Anet,Ayr8. Hence, 

Deepin-worzlebs, 9. pL Net-weavers, ibid. 
01. Picken. 

GaeL dipbm, a net ; Shaw. Bnt thie term seems to 
stand qnite iaoUted, without a aingle oqgnate. 

DEEP-SEA-BUCEIE, 9. The Muiez cor- 

'* Mores Comena, Long WiUc, vulgarly called Deep 
Sea Buckie," Arbuthnot^ Peterh., Fishes, p. 38. 

DEEP-SEA-CRAB, 9. The Cancer araneus. 

"Cftscer araneua» Spider Crab^ yulgarly called Deep 
Sea Crab, LobMer Toad.*' Arbuthnot? Peterh., Fishee, 
p. SO. 

DEEB-HAIR, Deers-h AIR, 9. Heath club- 
rush, S. Scirpus cespitosus, Linn. 

At the Skelf-hill the canldion stiU 

Tbe men of Liddesdala can shew ; 
And on the spot wbers thar boiled the pot, 

The ipreat and the deer-iair ne'er shall grow. 

MinHnUp Border, UL 876L 

*'The deer hair is a coarse spedee of pointed grase, 
which, in Mmj, bears a very minute, but beautifiu jrel- 
low flower." Ibid. 

" Sciipna cespitoaua. Deer'e Hair. Scotia anstrali- 
bus." Ughtfoot, p. lOSa 

*'It is now some years since he haa been missed in 
all hie usual haunts, while moss, lichen, and deer-^ir, 
are fast corering thoee stonee, to cleanse which had 
been the bnaincaa of hie life.*' Talee of my Landlord, 

To DEFAIE, V. a. 1. To relax, to remit. 

*'Thir nouellia maid Ceeiua to d^aik sum part of 
hie enrage.** Bellend. Cron., FoL 39, a. Bemioerit 
ardorem ; Boeth. 

2. To defalcate, in relation to monej. 

*' The akipar ancht to dtfaUs aamekle of hia fraucht ' 
aa wald fuyr the merchandia gudis to the port of 
Sanotandroia." Aberd. Reg., Cent. 16. 

Fr. dtfalqffb^er, E. dtfale-aie. 

To DEFAHi, V. n. To fail, to wax feeble. 

FeOl ScottU horn was drewyn into trawaill, 
Forrown that day, so irkyt can defailL 

WaOiee, X. lOi, Le. "began to faU." 

Wt. dtfaHUr, id. 






To DEFAISE, Derse, Defease^ v. a. 1. 
lb Smhargd, to free f nnn, to acquit of* 

' **TWlMdk«dAnisliimtopaytiuizzzvjiiMrki«.-* 
BniMi th« tluuM of GkUor ftlMOM that he has char- 
fmk to Ai^Mi him tharof^ th« loraia aangnis him the x 
digrof Ma^ii with oontiiiitecioim of daii, to ichew th« 
ehaMmi^ 4 iwtKrmnd defemnoe^ or elm to mak pay* 
MittlMiQi." Aet Dom. CoDC, A. 1478^ p. 22. 

**TWaiB— I of the hrint Und, qvha hea biggit and 
NfamOil the aamm, aall not be haldia to pay mair of 
the madii immeHw remetiue^ then cnmmia to the 
tiMOol^ the aaidia aaxt, f yft and f oort partiee 
' tf(/M^" Acta Marieb 1551, 0.9. Edit. 

gH^fiitf, M«my, 0. 10. 

t toqi 
de, ** to rid or deliTor himeelf from, to 
or olean hie handa of Cotgr. 

fk. ud^mtn, to afienate, to quit. 

i. To dedact 

**Tkm Lords loimd that the mme wadset came not 
■i d w 1km oowpaei of the Act of Farliament, notwtth- 
rtaiiiKngof the twen^ehiUingi Scots to be de/etued to 
the dsmidsr voon the boU under and beneath the fiar 
of 1km year, mioh they ftmnd not to be an nsurary 
pnetiea, bvt that the defendant ought to have o^^ois- 

- mmt thsrsof oon fa rm to the oontnct.'' Newbyth, 

- BbbbL, Imql, p. 400. 

Ilo vord% Is Aoss oAMSflmee Mcfs^ seem to fix the 
MBseof^g^tesMi^ ss shore defiiied. 

Oetaibahob, Defasakge, «. 1. Aoquittance 

the Lordis ▼ndentandis, that thatr is snm 
DS giantit be the King to spiritoall Lordis, 
and n«faHli% ttsd als to temporaU Lorais, and to Bar- 
lOBis of dimhsiys of psrt of the ssid text ;--the saidis 
l e tt e r s of dimhaige to oe na ili/a«aiiee-to thame.** Acts 
Ja» IV.. 14881 SL 81. Edit. 1568. Drfaiiotice, Mnnay, 
II is thostgjht that it majr denote the extindaon or 


of a ng^t» whether b^r discharge of the 

ers dito i , or bjr some other fact to which he may not be 

a par^. It is therefore riewed ss a more gsneral 

. VBid dna dkckmrge. O. IV. de^aiet€, a riddance ; ss 

^ ss Aif^Ursi^pnfisstorid. 

FV. dffiUii, a shifty an excnse, 

S« Defakatioo, deduction in payment. 

^B ssD be Issmn to the annuellaris, notwithstanding 
the d^ftdmmet made prosentlisb gif thay pleis, to by in 
- Aete Karieri551, 0. 97 

DEFATTy Depaite, part pa. A term used 
to denote the overpowering effect of sickness 
or fatigae^ S. De/etif A^rd. 

'— *«aha|pit sic a load o' caald at that ball, the pap 
aT her hass down, an' a' deftute thMitber. " Saxon and 

Wt. d^fiiki, part. pa. of dtfaire, to defeat. 

To DEFALT, v. a. To adjudge as culpable ; 
a fofennc tarm. 

**11w oonit beand fenssd, the seriand thereof sail 
eall the eoytes, and d^ali the absentees* that ar not 
huMhfUlie essoinyied." Skene^ Verb. Sign., m ^ib. 

DEFAME^ a. Infamy, disgrace. 

I^ in hb hsit bddynnys the felloan icbarae, 
mat with delev, anger sad defame. 

MyiVupa, ML 55. ULd^em^ 

DEFAWTYTf pari. pa. 

Hs was siest ft syne sad tsoe. 

And dsgrsdyt tyne ww he 

Off honour and off dignity. 

— Schyr Bdottard, the mrchty King, 

Had on this wyss done lus Ukyng 

Off Jhone the BaUeoU, that swa aone 

Was sU defawM and wndone. 

£mttmr, L 182, na 

"Defeated," Pink. Bat this does not pioperiy ex- 
press the idea. For an overthrow ii not nean^ aooord- 
ing to the wmal sense of the term d^eated. 'The word 
hm need ii exnletiTe of degradut, and seems synon. 
with/ere/aiittea, which commonly occurs in our laws. 

It ssems to be from Fr. defoJUtl'-er^ third pers. pres. 
d^o^ "to want» to hudc, to make a defaolt," Cotgr., 
QMd in an sotiTe sense. 

To DEFEND, r. a. To ward off. 

For lOb the work that Ihit ia f ouidit rare, 
Ifay better bare apeoe and byare be,^ 
And atronger to d^eind adosreitee. 

In this sense S. B. they commonly spesk of ** defend* 
ing a stroke." Fr. dtfend-re, id. 

To DEFER, Differ, t^. a. 1. This old law 
term seems nsed as nearly allied to E. yields 
or pay regard to^ in relation to the judgment 
of a caosei or the evidence necessary for this 

The ssid James Gibsons prodndt na preif in writt, 
hot Osrtsne witnee [witneesee^ to the qohilkis witoes 
wald nocht dtfer, becanse it ooncemit fee k heretage." 
Act Dom. Cone, A. 1490, p. 177. 

** The lordii abone writtin wald nocht cf</er to the 
ssid excepcioun, bot tnk the mater one thaim, nocht- 
withstanoinff that the ssid James wee nocht callit to 
here tiie saia act retrett.*' Ibid., p. 194. 

2. It is nsed where refer would be substituted 
in modem language ; to submit. 

'*The loidis wiU difer the hale mater to the ssid 
Robert spoossis aitht ; ' i.e. the oath of the spoose of 
Robert. Ibid., p. 304. 

I^ drffT-tt d wn appel^ "to sdmit, allow, or accept 
of I to give way onto, an i^pjoale ;*' Cotgr. Rendre 
dee rBBpecti,^m oeder, soc^niesoer i ces sentiments, 
— aToir des sgarde. Aucoi honorem dtferre. Diet. 
TrsT. L. B. (^ferret avoir de la deference ; Da Cange. 

3. It seems also to signify, to offer, to exhibit. 

"The wife, oompearinff, d^errtd a promise of quit* 
ting all to the oatn of Margaret Wardrope, her mis- 
tress." Foord, SuppL, Dec., p. 437. 

Lat. d^err-ef to shew, to offer. PoUicere et deferte, 
to promise and offer, Cio. 

To DEFESE, Defease, v. a. V. Defaise. 

To DEFIDEy V. n. To distrust. Y.Deffidx. 

To DEFINE, V. n. To consult, to deliberate ; 
Aberd. Beg. 
Lai. d^/Sm4re^ todeterminsb to discuss. 

To DEFORCE, v. a. To treat with violence ; 
as to take any thing out of the possession of 
another by forcible means, S. 

"The hersld was eril entreated in the^execntion of 
his snmmons, and was manifestly cf^/onrecf, and his 
lettecs riven." Pitscottie, Ed. 1768» p^ 137. 




n ooom ia Alwrd. Rig.— «« And qvha (i^mit him,** 

4e. A. 10S8b V. 10. 

Vr. d^fkro-tr^ *'to dupotieiMb TJoloitly tak*,** Ac 

DefoboBi Defobss, «• Yiolent ejection, in 
the E. law deforcemefd* 

**T1mIJo]iim lindiway ■■H rwtore to Jama lord 
Hftmmatomi^— of tho profittis & eaehetis of tho bd- 
jr«j of Cnmnude,— « mom of a drforce^ a Mit mert, a 
MMIL fikl^** fto. Act. Dom. Cono., A. 1479, p. 33. 

TImI i% a oow teken by ¥10161100. 

**T1m locdu— dodaris that the said Geor^ has 
drfhtdi oor Kmaeraiii lordia offidaria, k fdlyeing of 
that prdf that ha haa made na d^orts." Act. Dom. 
Com., A. 14701 p. 88. 

Wr, d^&rc'tr, L.B. de/bre4are, per Tim et contra 

ri miem } wlienoo d^/areeamaUmm^ Heg. Mag. lib. 
8.6^ a. 1. 

To DEFOUL, V. a. 1. To defile; Dong. 
i. To dishonomv to disgrace. 

That doodiW delit with hym ta, for doat he' war d</oUL 

Oawim and OoL^m. 96. 

> Wt* d^ovl-€tp to trample 00, alao^ to reproaoh. 

DnowLB, #• DiBgnce. 

Wye men raid dreda thaie hmymys ; 
flor lyehtl jnei and niocwdry 
Ihawje Ib dtfowh oomowiidT. 

WptUown, tOL 28. 64. 

To DEFOUND, v. a. To pour down. 

The ion achme 
Botcath d^ / bm td Ue bemei on the grene. 

Am^l VwgO, 898. 8. Let d^/und-^ 

DEFRAUD, Defraude, «. Act of defraud- 

**T1ml for the d^framde done to our aoneraae lord 
in his caatamia be atrangearia and alienaria of Tther 
lealmea ^— 4he maiater or merchandia of the add achip 
aall tak hia fauceing ft innya in the prinicipeUe toime of 
*u^ ^lA pj^ 1^ j^^ j^ IV., 1493, Ed. 1814, p. 


** Abo artide for thame that— makia aiaignationia of 
there goidia in d^firamd of the execution of decreittia.'* 
Acta Ja. VL, 1681, Ed. 1814, p. 214. 

M Anent eechdttia gevin in defraud of creditoozia." 
Ibid., p. 216. 

DEFTLY, adv. Fitly, in a proper manner, 
handaomely, Ayra. Obsolete in E. 

Indeed. Ondewift, the lad did wed enoogfa, 
Waa ddent ay, and d^jf her the pleagh. 

Ttmnahilts Foems, pi 12. 

To DEO, t^. a. 1. To strike smartl? with a 
sbarp-pointed object; as, *^ Dea the knife 
into tne buird,** strike the knife into die 
table, Ayrs., Upp. Lanarks. 

9. To pierce with small holes or indentations 
by means of smart strokes with a sharp- 
pointed instrument, ibid* 

Deo, «• 1. A stroke of this description, ibid. 

*'He anored like one who waa in haate to deep mora 
than enoogh, inaomuch that Winterton, when he lay 
down, gire lum a deg with hia elbow, and awore at him 
tobequet" B. GUhaiae, i. 127. 

S. The hole or indentation thus produced. Ibid. 

Dbgobb, •• One who dsgi^ ibid. 

Teat dijek-em, fodera^ Dan. diff-tr^ id. may be the 
origin, (ff it may hare been Nimanly i^iplied to the 
mm of a dagger, Teat. daaghefFT, dague^ whence dag* 
Her, to atab with a dagger. 

To DEOENER, v. n. To degenerate; Fr. 


«' la he not ablob thoQ|^ dl the natarall aeed ahonld 
degenett yet of atonee to rdae children to Abraham f* 
Forbea*aI>dence, p. 22. 

DEOEST, adj. Orave, composed. 

Faith hdd the atoet and drnff Adetoa. 

jDmv. VifgO, ZXL 49. 

King Latyne tho with aad and degeit mynd 
To lum anaiieriiL— 

%dft t iiiL Virff. Lai. dSaed-ua, Heaoa. 

Deoestub, adv. Sedately. 

Agit Alsthoa, that na wysdome wantit, 
Bot bdth was ripe in ooonade and in yeris. 
Unto tUr wouois dt g nH i t maid anaaerin 

Doug. Virga, 281 8L 

**lfT lord goQenoar and lordia of pariiament anld 

qahat ia to be done herein, & nooht to 
hart the qaenia grace anent her privilege^*' kc Acta* 
Maiy, 1644, Ed. 1814, p. 449. 

Deoestbable, ac(;. Concocted. Thus Harry 
the Minstrel sp^du of 

The Sonria wiete, 
i>0MitoaM«^ engenersd throa the hetflL 

Waliaee, HL % UB. 

IV. digeM-^^ to oooooot^ whence digedif, digeated, 
or procoring digoation. 

DEO YSrr, part pa. Disguised. 

in bis weiu. 

And ay to thame come Rqteniamee 
Aad maid thame chers 


Vr. deguiteTt to diogniae. 

DEOOUTTT, part. pa. Spotted. 

With this hour 

That ftiiTit was with ermyn 
DegmOU with the ssif in spottii blake. 

A mantin on hir sdiddiies large and long ; 

~ foil qnhite. 

ipottis blake 

Kim^M Qtudr, r. 9. l(k 

DEID, «. Death; also pestilence. V. Dede. 

Deidis part, that portion of his movable 
estate, which a person deceased had a right 
to dispose of before his death, in whate\'er 
way he pleased, S. 

"Aa to the deidU parif the aamin micht hare bene 
diaponit be him the time of hia deeds to ouhatsamerer 
penoon or persounis he pleaait : Bot git he maid na 
laaehfttl dispodtioan thairof in his lifetime, the aamin 
part, all and hdll jwrtenis to the bdrn, aa only lauchf ul 
Daim on life the time of hia fatheris deeds ; and awa 
twa partia of the add thr4 partia, vix. the add baimia 
part and the deidiM part, aacht and aould pertene to 
the add bdrn ; and awa conseanentlie the sdd thrid 
part pertenis to the sdd wife,'* so. Balfoor'a Pract., 
p. 238-9, A. 1670. 

"What remdna over the jui re/ieloe, and the chil 
dren's legitim, the abeolate property of the deceasecl, 
of which he has the free disposal, even to a stranger; — 





hiioiIUd tiM iImhT* jwrl bMMM thadMOMad 
kid Idl poww «fw it.** Enk. lort., B. iiL T. is. Mg. 

To DEIO^ DsoH, V. a. To build, applied 
to tuzfii; as ^Ye*io deighim your toon,'* 

Mvifar aipittezsl pfoaimeuiAkm of the «yiM v. with 
Tbst rfyc i lt % amntf% aggarem iaoore^ q. to mak» a 
dikac rwapf Sim. 

DEEL^ Dbille, Deij^ «. Part, qnantitj, E. 
itoL A ddUe^ any things aught. 

flcUr Bmdd Mid, Lordii. tIm knAw this wdll. 
At Bf oonnunda ha wiU noeht do « lieiUi. 

IToltaas iii. 882i MS. 

A{^dU^ tha OBO half. 

— in kfaid of Tidt to aomprahaDd M^iM^ 
Var an tha MBMt of tormentii and of panis, 
I aiehl aol lakUn, thai Ib jona haU raaanis. 

Moaa^^. dbir, pai% portio; A.-S. ifad; Balg: ded, 
id. iM dieail partljr; A.-S. jnhi iloe^ aUqna para, 
GhnB.8axoo. 811.-O. ilef; a iMe, '^ahara, dividand, 
ia parlaanhip among fiahannan ;" OL Wyntown. 

DEEU Dbili^ Deei^ «• ThedeviLS. 

Batooc hlMto laBdwaniwattharatraa; 
▲wal awa t tha d/mt9 owia grit wi' 700. 

. MmmmifM /Wm^ iL 190L 

ThoptOBoneiation of thia wofd, and of many othar 
inada m whieh V waa aneiaotlj writtan «, haa originatad 
fron tho aoft aoond siTen to thia leitar. 

*« JMMaea Oa DaeiiiMl Oa d^ jea; that i% hatwaan 
tvodiflkaltiaaoqiiaUydaBgaroaa.'' Kelly'a S. Ptor., 

**( withny nartia^ did liaoB our ^oata, §Mheiwixi 
iktdtM mid dm deep eea; for aomatmiaa our owna 
iwoold li^t ahort, and graaa orak* na, and aodid 
lalao^ — tillldiraetadanoffioartooiirowna 
aeqnamtiagtham with onr hnrtk and daairing 
thaj ahbold atoll or plant thair oannoo higher.^ 
Moaroli Kzpad.. P. IL, p.4S5. 

DEo/a-BiTy 9. The Scabiosa saccisa, Linn^ 
an herb; so denominated because it seems 
to haTO a (ft or &tb taken off the root, which 
bj the Tolnr is said to have been done by 
the dml; South of S. 

laKftia abooaOod XVaiTaM/ Monoa DUbolL 

I>KIL*8 BUOKIE, a person of a perverse dis- 
position, an imp of Satan, S. Y. Buckie* 

•«II waa that iiwwr«»MeHe, CUDom Bag," aaid Alick ; 
**I aaw him whiak away throndi amang tha reiaaa.** 
Wsfw^y, iti 138. 

I>EIL*8-DABNING-NKEDIJS, #• The name given 
to the Dragon-fly, Ayrs. 

I>eil'8 dozen, pron. iizen. The number 
diirteen, S* 

lUa Bombar la aoooonted ao vnfaicky, that I hara 
oaaB paopUb who wera in other rapacta intaUigent, 
lafoaa to form ono of a comjiany that would amount to 
t hif taan. Kany wiU not aail m a Teaael, when thia ii 
1km anmber of penona on board : aa it ia believed that 
aooM fatal aedaent moat befal one of them. Whence 
lit atranga anparatition ooold originate, it ia impoaaibla 
} aay. But it aridantiy indvdaa tha idea, tliat tha 

tUitaaBth la tha 


It haa baaa anp p oaa d , lathar whimaically, that thia 
anpantition haa aoma oonnaxion with cm-playing^ 
thara being '* thirteen carda in each aait of tha DtwM' 

It ia moat probably borrowed from the last aapper 
of our Lord and hia twelve apoatlea, one of whom waa 
Jndaa. A peraon ia often diamlaaad from tabla^ when 
thia anlncky nnmber happena to meet together. 

Deil's duko, Assafoetida, S. 

So called from ito atench. It la aingular, that ito 
name in Tent, ia the aame in aignification ; duyveU 
dieek, diaboli atercna ; and in Sw. dyfoeUtraeck^ the 
term <raedfc denoting excrement. 

Deil's-kibnstaff, #• Petty spurge. Euphor- 
bia peplus, Linn. S* O. 

'*£nnhorbia jpeplnay Devite CAvnu^, or Petty 
aporga.** Agr. siirv. Ayia., p. 875. 

Deil*s snuffbox, a name given to the Com- 
mon Puff-ball, S* Lycoperdon bovista, 

Deil's spoons. 1. Great water Plantain, S. 
Alisma Plantago^ Linn. 

2. Broadleaved Pondweed, S. Potamogeton 
natans, Linn. 

DEILISMAN, «. Partner, apportioner, dealer. 

"The awnaria and delitmen of the aaid achip." 
Aberd. Beg., A. 1583; V. 25. 

Thia wora ia in common nae Aberd., aa aignifying, 
"a dtvider, a diatribnter, an apportioner, a dealer.*' 
Here it woiUd rather aaggeat the idea of a partner. 

A.-S. dad, gen. dloelej^ a part, and inaa. 

DEILPERLICEir, 9. Nothing at all ; as, 
<< Hae ye gotten ony thing V* ^a, deilpir^ 
ficiUf,'' Meams. 

DfUN, adv. Very, in a great degree; the 
provincial pronunciation of Aberd. for S. 

What tho' fJBwk myi that I can preach 

Naa that <l(Mi 01, 
I tan 700, BMa, I haa naa ipaeeh 
Skkme^e Miec PoeL, pi 179L V. Donr. 

DEIB, adj. Bold, daring. 

Dnkii and dine lordia, donchty and dinr, 
SembiUit to lua lammoaae. 

Omotm tmd OoL, L L 

It frequently oecon in WaDaee. 

Batlar b alayne with dochty man and deitr, 

B. Y. 401, MS. 

The aame word la need aubatantivaly for a daring or 

Tha df»r didit hfaa to tha deid bytha day dew. 

^^ Ottmm and GoL, iL 2S. 

Thia may be the aame with Dei/, q. v., although if 
any one contend that it ia the ancient form of dear, 
prectona, it might be difficult to prove the contrary. 
Alem. <fi'ttr, came., and ita derivatiTea, were naed with 
conaiderable latitade. V. Schilter in to. 

laL djfrr, pretioaiia, cania, ia alao need in the fol- 
lowing aenaea ; praeatana, venerandna, Gl. Lodbrock, 
atr. 25^ p. 88, magnificua. Worm. latent. Banic, p. 




DEl%adj. Wild, not tamed. 

Buy dilf on tht dft rfiir, 1 ^ diU» 

Lc «««U wOd do«r So.^. liter. A.^ 
Bdf. diir. U. <fyr, a wild beast 

Debb» •• A wiU animtL V. Dbse. 



Th« ijloiir Afr of tht ddM dAjntalT vea dent 
With tbtdonghtywt in thair dki ^dintfa ooath delm 

Mr. Pink. nndafBtaiidi thii m ngnifying dwnr. Bat 
H-tf^itmr meaa oanopT, m ho Meiiis to reckoo prob«bl6, 
tifliur deir k auMt uselyt preeioii* canopy. 

To DEIS. V.Debb. 

DEIS, De88, Deas» 9. 1. <*The place at the 
heaa of a hall, where the floor was raised 
higgler than the rest, and which was the^ 
honoorable part. A canopy was freqaentljr 

2 read event; bnt it is not* the canopy but 
e $Uoaied door which is meant by deU** 

Tha loatia Qnaiia adio lat in mli tiie deU; 
Bafttirliir atoda tha nobil woorthy King, 
tevll thai war of mooy dyraia BDcia. 

K, Mortal Si MmUarndFoemMf^Ttk 

Tha Qaona waa aat at diri< 
Ubdtfhir gloriooa atantit capitaQ, 
Aanag pioada tapattia and michty riall apparalL 

Aoooiding to Bfr. Ritaon, both the eleration and the 
eanopy were called indifferently by thia name. Metr. 

GL TO* jMffSm 

2. A long board, seat or bench erected against 
awalL This» as Sibb. observes, is still called 
a deisif S. 

8^0 gait gralth wp a bwd be the hoeaa aid 
With oaraettia ciad« and honownrt with grat lyoht— 
— Abovt ha bknt on to tha fricm him byai— 
9Ao had him wp to Wallace by the dua, 

WaUam, iL S7». 329. S41, HR 

Jkm IB hare naed aa qrnon. with hmd. 

It is defined* ^ a lone wooden settle, settee, or 
sofa, snch as is round in the Idtchens of 
farm-houses f 01. Pop. Ball. 

In ita anld ffrrvcA yet the <lfia« ramaiaa, 
Whara tha gndtman aft atreeka him at hia eaaa, 

A wum and canny lean for weary banea 
0^ hOiVan doU'd npo' the wintry leaa. 

yarymaoa'a Foau^ iL 68L 

**I remember having aeen in the hall of the ruined 
eaatle of EOaa Stalker, m the diatriet of Appin, an old 
oaken deeu^ which waa ao contrired aa to aerre foe a 
aattae; al meal-timea the back waa tnmed orer, reated 
OB the anna, and became n table ; and at night the 
oeal waa imiaed np^ and diaplayed a commodioua bed 
lor fear peraona, two and two, feet to feet, to sleep in. 
I waa told, that thia kind of deeu waa formerly common 
in^^the halla of great hooaea, where auch oeconomy, 
with reapect to bedroom, waa very neoeeeanr." Jamie- 
aon'a Fan. Ball, N. t 213, 214. 

The atOM, in aome farm-honaee in Aberdeenahirey ia 
atiU ao conatraetad aa to aenre both for a aettee, and 

8. << A tabV 01- Pop. BaU. V. sense 2. 

4. A pew in a church, S. B. 

The priaat aCMe tha altar etood.^ 
Tha If ar-amn he stept o*er ae dmi^ 
And ha haa stappit over three. 

Jmmi49am'§ Foj^ BaU, I 211. 

**A pew m ohnrdi,— in the North of Scotknd, in 
stm called a deoM.'* N. ibid., p. 213. 

DiUf dakt <(Me^ O. B. aometimee denotea a table. 
Priora ptandente ad magnam menaam, qoam Doit 
vnlgariter appellamnay Ao. Bi. Paria. Vit. &, Abbat., 
p. 141. At other timea it aignifiea an elevated part of 
the floor in a halL 

Wal semad ache of ham a Ikyre boxgaii, 
To aittan in a gOd halle, on tha deiM. 

CAoHOtr'a OamL T. ProL, wr.STai 

5. A seat on the outer side of a country house 
or cottage, S. A. 

"The turf-aeat^ which occnpiea the aunny aide of a 
cottage wall, ie alao tanned tk$ daU.*' Minatralay 
Bolder, ii. 229, N. 

" The old man waa aeated on the cteoa, or tnrf-aeat, 
at the end of hia cottage, boaied in mending liia cart- 
hameea." Heart M. Loth., ii 158. 

Tyrwhitt tlunka that tlie word haa been formed 
from Fr. jy ait. Lat. de oaeiftita, of planka ; Fr. ais, 
aignifyinffaplankorboardtChancN., ver. 372. Othera 
derive it from Tent. tSeeh^ menaa. According to Kilian, 
dmk iM menaa rotnnda; A.-S. di$e, Sn.-0. dUk, a table; 
diak am a e tf a table companion. Tliia, aa haa been aeen, 
waa the aenae affixed to <iaif when Matt. Paria wrote. 
in the thirteenth oentnry. Warton, however, adoptn 
a different etvmon. "There 1%" he aaya, **an old Fr. 
word doit, wnich aignifiea a throne or canopy, nanally 
placed oyer the head of the principal peraon at » 
magnificent feaat. Hence it waa tranaferred to the 
table at which he eat." Hiat. & Poetry, i. 432. 

Ohaxbeb of DAI8. V. Ohaxbra-deese. 
DELACIOUN, t. Procrastination, delay. 

"Thia oatraflo micht soffir na <ieliiaoMM, aen it waa 
aa aer i^roacneand to the wallia and portia of the 
toon." Bellend. T. liv., p. 2S. DOaiioHem, LO. Tr. 
dUaiionf id. 

To DELASH, v. a. To discharge. 

"Againat thia ground, they dekuk their artillerie 
sidike, and they bring their aivament ont of the aame 
wordea of the Apoatle qohilk 1 bane read.** Bntce*o 
Serm. on the Sacr., O. 3, b. 

Fr. dtdach^r, "to diacharge, aa a gnn or oroaae- 
bow ;" Cotgr. 

To DELATE, Dilate, v. a. To accuse ; a 
term f requentlyused in our laws, and courtsof 

*'The Jewa that peraecnted him, they ddaU him not 
. before Pilate for blaephemie. — ^Hee ia ddeated of treaaon 
againat the Emperonr." RoUocke'a Lact. on the 
Aaaion, p. 62. 

" Whoao happena after publication hereof to receipt 
or entertain any of theee lugitivea, — or aliall not ddate 
or deliver them in manner aforeaaid, ahall be reputed 
enemiea to the good canae,— and the half of hia move- 
able gooda ipao facto forfeited ; the one hidf thereof to 
be employed to the uae of the public, and the otiier 
half to be given to him who demUM the receptora, and 
qualifiea the aame." Spalding i. 273. 

— "Archibalde, aomtyme of Kilapindy, than being 
dilaiU of treaonne A crymea of leaa mateate,** Ac. Acta 
Ja. v. 1539, Ed. 1814^ p. 354. Thia ia the uaual 
orthoonraphjr of the reconu. 

L. & ddal4ire, pro dtfdrti GalL deferar, accnaer, 
denonoer. DuCSaoige. 







DsLATKnTy #• An aceoaatioii. 

pwoM had poww from the oommittee of th« 

■Ms^ tit and o^gnoMe Mr. Andrew Logie 

§M Bam^ npon a cMolioii given in againat 

to the aaid eommitteey — for nnaonnd doctrine," 


giren bj Joiina. aa one aenae of the E. word. 
Mr. Tadd gl^ea an asample from Wotton. 

DiLATOi^ •• An informer, an accnser^ S* 

«*B ii nanifMlfe tfiat they were <lefator« of Chriat to 
Kkta." BoUoeke, nU aap.. V.thev. 

To DELE, 9.0. Todiride^S. Deal,E. 

Vvi. Sed^em, deifUm, A.-S. dad-eH, id. V. Dui^ a. 
1, and Caywmjl, at. 

DELF» 9. 1. A pit 

Ha diaw aM doon dana in ddfhr ane djkia. 

That dSef^thai atoppyd hattyly. 

MTynAwiiy tL 4. 89. 

It ii j i w i hiua ly dono mlnated grt^e. 

lUi BMB, that we of apaflc. had fMnda thifa, 
Aad HMt tMB Bocht in ana dagrie. 
'^- "-^. fMnd^anha ha wia hud in de^, 



U. <«aa k^ aa ha waa ia life ;< 

** or, «'tin ha 


Badd. haaobaerred that (ie{^ia atill need S. to denote 

ost of whioh green tonrea, (&ul or divet) are 

r digged. It aeema andenlly to hare denoted 

OB^ in a aeoondanr aenae ; the primaiy one 

the aame with that d Bebr. delve, dUve^ a pit. 

hkUff'OM^ howerer, aa wul aa Teat, deiv-em^ 

to inter, to bnty ; Alem. btdolben, boned. 

S. Crockefy is Tiilgarly called ddfj V. Daixt» 
and a potterj a delfi^auBef in allusion to the 
place mm which this kind of ware had been 
onpnallj imported, Delft in Holland, which 
liaa nndoabteoly received its name from Tent. 
d ih tm^ fodere, because of the constant 
JSfjjmg itft the clay used in the manufacture 
of uia article. 

4. A iod. In this sense the term dtlfv^ used, 
LanailDk and Banff's. ; q. what is delved. 

**li ad^ be caat np hi afield that hath Uen lor 

w of fire or aix jreara, wild oata wiU apring up 

own aecord." App. Agr. Surr. Banfia.. p. 4Z 

• '^- ^^ "'aenae 1.) ia 

oa aabterraneoa ; 

aa aignifying a ]^t, (V. aenae 1.) ia eri- 
ne irfth Ooth. daeVt loci 

; adj» Of or belonging to crockery, S. 

On tiba ahelf that proiected immediately next the 
waa a number of de{f and wooden bowla, of 
dimenaiona.** Cottagen of Olenb., p. 144. 

A knife and fork, which had not been worn oat 
flanked a cracked de{f plate.** Gay 


DELGIK, Daloan, «. The stick used in 
binding sheaves, Fife ; J9a%, Border. 

' A.-S. datCf a daap ; UaeL detdg, a pin, a akewer. 

DELICT, t. A term used in the Scottish 
law to denote a misdemeanour. 

They— sail poniaohe seveiriie the diaaobeyaria off 
the ordoare i^poynted by thame aooording to the 
qoalitie^if the deAt." Acta Ja. VL, 1617. fid. 1S14, 
p. 037. 

"Crime— ia generally divided into orimea properiy 
ao called, and delicU, DeUeU are commonly ond'er- 
atood of Blighter offenoea, which do not affect the 
pablic peace ao immediately; and therefore may be 
paniahed by a email pecaniary fine, or by a abort im* 
priaooment, aa |»ettv note, injariea, offencea againat 
inferior Jttdicatoriea,^' Ac. Erak. Inat., B. ir. 14, § 1. 

Let. ddiet-um, a ^ult, an offence. 

DELIERET, Delirie, adj. Delirious. 

— Bf OBia a ane haa gotten a fricht. 
(Aa* UT'd an* di'd ddierei.) 


AcfM, iii. 181. 

It haa been aappoaed, that the word delierU haa been 
formed before the nae of delMouM, Fr. delir'tr, to 
dot^ to rave. Some derive the Fr. v. from lira, an old 
word denotinff the forrowa drawn in a atrai^t line ; 

2. to deviate nom the right ooarae^ a recto Mmrare; 

Delirietne8S| 8. Delirium, Ajrs. 

" I won'er— that my mother did na aend word o' the 
natara of thia delirietne$$ o' Charlie.*' The Entail ii. 

To DELIUERy Deuyeb, Delyyeb, v. n. 
1. To deliberate. 

The Statia there asaemblyd hale, 
Ddyveryd. and gave hym for cownaala^ 
—Of fewte tU gyve np all band. 

IFyNAwn, vUl. la 76L 

2. To determine, to resolve. 

He "perawadit the kyng to aend ane gaiyaoo of 
armyt men to the bordonre to reaiit the fury of Scottie 
and Pychtia, quhilkia war deltpurU (aa he waa deirlv 
informtt) to rsuen^ the iniuria done be hie anny." 
BeUend. Cron. B. viii. c. 12. 

**We determitwith delyueriimynd (aa faraa may 
be done be ingyne of man) to amend aU offenda. 
Ibid., e. 6. 

Thua we find the phraae, <* weill aniait and ddiueriU^ 
in oar old acta. V. Plans. 

Lat. deliber-are, to reaolve. 

" in aa far aa pertenee to me, I am deliverit to de- 

Erte haatelie of yoar cieto, and to retume hame." 
llend. T. liv., p. 164. In animo eat, Lat. 
Fr. delibtT'er, to detoimine. 

Deliverance, «• 1. Deliberation, consulta- 

** Thir novellia maid the Faderia aa aatoniat, that 
thay oait the aamen ddiveranct that thay nait in ex- 
treme neceaaite.'* Bellend. T. Liv., p. 212. Soiataa 
" Lat. 

S. Determination, sentence. 

"Both partiea were compromit by their oatha to 
atand at the deliverance of the arbitratora choaen by 
them both." Pitacottie, Ed. 1728, p 14. SaUenee, 
Ed. 1814, p. 35. 

DELIUER, Deliver, Deltuer, adj. 1. 
Light, agile. Deliver of fuie^ nimble, 

~He had thar in hia lading 
Men, that lycht and deliuer war. 
And lycht annooris had on thaim thar. 

Barbour, X. 91. UB. 





IMAmt bt WM with dnwiB tward ia biuid. 

Am^l KiiyiZ» »8. 40. Ltvit, Vitg. 

^IMwrof OMi lymmai, m they thai proiw nuw- 

9. Ditbudened of a childL 

Hi fit A tint MM ttentit 1m ; 
Aad §ut hjr gMig in hastily, 
' And oikjr wwDMi to be hyr br, 
Qnhltt ■&> WW <lef »tMr. b« bML 

n« AtMt, zL 886, Ed. leao. 

la oHmt •ditumt H li ilefioerttX. Bat <le/uier it the 

r. dtU9ni Kbff«u Aifraoohi, d^buriM^, qnitte; 


id. O. IV. deUvre, libi«b depigd; Diet Tnr. 

DkuueblTi DeltuiblTi adv» 1. Nimbly, 

Than bofkyt h« him, but deUying^ 
Aadhfpqnhowtdd^fittr ^. ^ 

^S*-«tnk with nNuii th« ttade in hr, 
lad h« hnqrt fiiiih lie^MiWy. 

iUdL, ui. m, iia 

S. Incenantlj, oontiniially ; OL Sunr. Nairn. 
A child is said to ^rM< <ir/»v«r/yy when it cries 
afanost withoat intermission ; Gaithn. 

Atham Im ued^ 8. B. ; "There's a quintry ea'd 
the GUvaehj where it dingi oo ddjfverly for eax oak% 
■a-eror appdiag.** 

Hie term eeemi toreeemble the Fr. phnaed ileffgrfc 

DELLy #• -The goal in games, AbenL; per- 
haps marelj the proyincial oorr. of 2/tf^ 
q. T. Tent, delte, howerer, is expL by Kilian, 
flMta, a boondar)r. 

To DELT, 9.0. To fondle; deUU, caressed, 
Moiaj ; sjmon. DawL 

]>BLTIT| part pa. ^Treated with great care 
and attention, for the prevention of any 
possible injury, Banffs. It is understood also 
m Aberd. as equivalent to Dawiit; as, ««a 
dfftft brat,** a spofled child.. 

Id. AmA denotei aay domeetie property which is 
eeefal ; OooMeticani fuailiare propniun, utile ; VereL 

PMaaa mther allied to IsL iiuUa, iadulgenttus, id.; 
crAflaid^adaiiiatio; FemiildZael^haberiiBdeliciis; 
HaldocaoB. V. Dalt, «; 

DELTIT,pan.aJ;. 1. Hid from public view, 

9. Applied also to the retired habits of one 
den)tod to a literary life, ibid. 

lUeaiayoerteialirbetnMMd toIsL dyUa, pret. dutdi, 
oelar^ oeeaUare. O. Aadr. nves the pret in the form 
off aMiM. 8a.-0. dod^ id. 5 or we may view it ee 
aOied to G.B. (ieoZr-a, to anderitand ; clea/tt, inteUect ; 


iateUigeat* skilf oL 

To DELUGE, 9. fi. To dislodge, to remove. 

b the law Lead I come to leik refuge, 
Aad porposlt their to nuk my residence, 
Bel dagiilsr PkoiTeit gvt me eone ddugt, 

Lifmdm^t Workitt 1602, p. 25S. 
Wt. rf t if ey^, ddUg'ttt to removeb to shift ' 

To DEMAINE, Deuanb, t^. o. To ti^ 
generally in a bad sense, to maltreat^ S. 
to harass. 

Xhns the molher off Barialaa laments orer hei 
klUsd in battle t* 

Sen I the jf dMMMil oa ds wyee t 

The temporde stsit to gryp sad gather. 
The eon diaheris weld the mther. 
And ss eae dyrour weld him dematu, 

Daater, MaiOamd Foem§, p. lia 
v. also Barbonr, t. 229, zi. 024. 
8. B. it is stiU said, that one is **dema^ with 
weet,** when he is drenched with rain, or inioivd by 
the effects of it ' 

Rttdd. derivee this from Fr. demea-er, to toes; Sibb. 
from Teat aiaal^-ea, matilare. Bnt I suspect that it 
is mther from O. Fr. demoia^r, trsiter. II se piend 
aartoat en maavaise part 

Voili conunent fbrtane me ddaoiiie. 

Mani, Diet Tnr. 

To DEMAINE, Demean, v. a. To punish 
by cutting off the hand. 

•;— "The forcing of poor people by — exorbitant 
finings, imprisonments, — ^for the simple canse of non* 
conformity, to take anas in their own defence, aa at 
Peatland, Bothwell-bridge, and then demeanimg and 
ezecutiag them, what in fields, and what on scaffolds, 
■a the meet deeperate traitors, Ac*' Argyll's Declara- 
tion, A. 1685. Crookshank's Hist Chur^ofa.'ii. 310. 

This word is OYidently from Lat dt and maaae^ or 
F^. flMua, hand. 

Demaim occurs conceraing/eOonM^ Acts Ja. L, 1426. 
0. 96 ; Murray. 

"Oif it be suddainelie done^ demamt them as the 
Law treatis of before." 

Bat here it seems equivalent to irtai^ aa above. 

DEMANYT, Demanit, part. pa. 1. De- 

— Tlioacht thai be weill fer way ma 
Thaa thai, yet eayr dewyjMft thaim sua. 
That Edmooiid de CaUow wee ded. 

BaHnur, xw, 876, MS. 

[2. nUreated, harassed. 


D EMELLE, t. Engagement, rencounter. 
Rudd. ' 

Fr. demd-er^ to dispute, to contest Demeler on 
differend Tepee a la mam ; Diet Trev. 


DEMELLIT, part. pa. Hurt, injured, dia- 
ordered, Ang. 

Dbmellitie, 8. A hurt, a stroke, an injury 
of what kind soever, Ang., q. the effects of a 
dispute or broil. Fr. une ckote ck deifnesler, 
a thing to scuffle for, Cotgr. 

To DEMEMBER, v. a. To dUmember. to 
maim, to mutilate ; Fr. dem^mbr-er. 

''Quhare ony mane happinis to be slane or demem^ 
6r»C,— the schirref— saU paM k persew the slaaris or 
demem&rarif ane or maa, and raise the kingis home one 
him," Ac Acts Ja. IV., 1401, Ed. 1814, p. 225. 

Demembrabe^ 8. One who mutilates or maims 
. another. Y.thev. 






To DEIMENT, V. a. To deprive of leaaon. 

"Jdwmjm if the fliger of God in their tpirita fthoold 
' WMyvtMMlifemtlMpli^ BdUie't Lett., u. 255. 

1. Inaaney S* 

thftti during that time I h«d no favour 
orpeni it wm inoonsiitent with, and 
_ to mj intereet, and eannot be thought 

(aiken I lud been danetUed and Toid of reaaon) that I 
ihoald hmw bad fkecdom or affectioo to be for them, 
vlw bomff c o ipir ed enemiea to monarchy, oonld never 
be cmaeted to tolerate nobility." Mara. Arsyle's 
8^^o7 Wodiow'a Hiat, i 46. 

S. Unaetfled in. mind to a degree resemblingi 
or approaching to^ insanitfr, S. 

* ** AH tbm an alanM, to make na, if we be not 
tffMinfiil, aa many the bisat men here are, to be the 
BOTOwaiyoftMrtolemtioo.'' Baillie'a Lett, ii 172, 

8» Fooliihy fltnpidy nonsensicaL 

^Oi Into ihi&w have pnbliihed Mme wild, enthn- 
lia attA, delndeo, dcmoifcd^ noneenaical pamphlete." 
WaOMT^ Peden, p. 14, 79: 

I am al a lo« iHiettier the origin be Lat. demen$, 
or Wr, digmeiif tr, aibi non oonatare, deflectere 

DEMSMTATiOKy «• A ttafe of derangement. 

**Xbere waa not the leaat thought of etimng up any 
ta me in anaai yea. wa would hare aooounted auch a 

tfcoQ|dit not 0^ dieloyalty, but demaUaiion and mad- 
aoaa^ Wodiow'a Hiat., C 75. 

DEM-FOW. adj. Quite full It is sometimes 
Miid that tne hands are dem-fauf^ when one 
haa too mnch work to do. llloth. 

'It would leem tfiat thia tenn had been originally 
anDfied to liqaid% or the veeiela oontaining them, q. as 

To DEMITy Demrt, v. a. To resign, to 
abdical^ to give op ; generally applied to 
anoffice, S. Lat. dmiUrere. 

**Tkm net of the hwda enterprisers, after they had 
' the q[nesB in LochleTen, began to consult how 

to fst her majesty oounaelled to demt the government 
toSMpriBeeheraon." MelviH's Mem., p. 85. 

** Mr. ivBBm iSandilands dewuited his place as canonist 
with peat snbtflty, becanse our kirk would not suffer 
him to braik it ;— -mit he finds out moyan to be civilist." 
SpaldinftL 2ia. 

**liS. A. & Minister at C. for such causes dcmftl 
aqr ministeiy at the said parish of C. purely and simply 
fathohaadaof thoFteal^rteiyofD.^ &c. Pardovan's 
CbD., p. SS. 

Dexissiok, Dimission, a. The act of laying 
down an office^ S. 

**8o al my Lord Lindsajr's coming, she subscribed 
Uto Bignatunr of rsnundafion and demistkm of the 
govsmment to the prince." Melvill*s Mem., p. 85. 

•* That old Ministm and Professors of Divinity shaU 
aol^ by iheir dtrnt swe a of or cessation from their chane 
thro' age and inability, be put from enjoying their old 
matntensnoe and dignity." Act Sess. 2, July 90, Ass. 

To DEMTT, V. a. To give intimation of, to 


— "Tliay demUiU aa weio to Bomania, ouhil thay 
ar enmmm with arrayit betaU in their lanais." Bel* 

lenden*s T. lavius, p. 22. Statiaa usea the phrase, 

Dimitters bellom. 

To DEMTTy V. a. To dismiss, to permit to 

" However Bfr. John waa demiiied, and Balmerino 
sent prisoner to the castle of Edinbuigh." Quthiy's 
Mem., p. 12. 

"The mintsten were cfemfttoff Cor that time." lb., 
p. 81. 

DEMMISfOdJ. Bare, occasional, Dumfr. V. 

"AtadtfimiuNtinielseetheSootohmaa." Ed. Mag., 
April 1821, p. 352. 

To DEMONT, v. n. To dismount 

"Thia Tempaniua— crrit, — 'All horimen that do- 
siria the public weiU to be saiffit, demont haistilie fra 
tharahors.'" BeUend. T. lav., p. 361. 

Fr. dsMMal-er, dSnunU-^r, id. 

DEMPLE, a. An instrument for setting 
potatoes, a dibble, Aberd* 

I am at a lose whether to view this aa a corr. of the 
E. tenn ; or as allied to Flandr. dampel^eit, oonculcare, 
firam Gecin. limp-eN, id. 

DEMPSTER, Demsteb, s. 1. A jndge, S.B. 

" Tell no die aa lang's he's your denuter." S. Prov. 

This sense is retainM in the Isle of Man. 

**J)tatui€n, or Denuiera, are a kind of Judgea in 
the Isle of Man, who, without process, writings, or 
any charge, decide aU controversies there; and they 
are choeen from among themselvee." Cowel in vo. 

According to Spelman they are two in number. 

2. The officer of a court, who pronounced doom 
or sentence definitivelji as directed hy the 
clerk or judge. 

"The court being affirmed, the demp$ter suld be 
called, and caused to be swome, that he sail letlelie 
and truly vse and exerce his office." Justice Air, T. 

'*The sentence is read by the Clerk to the Denuier^ 
and the DtmtUr repeats the same to the panneL" 
Louthian*s Form of Process, p. 67. 

This office is different from that of executioner. But 
it has been customary for the town of Edinburgh, in 
consequence of appomting one to the latter office, to 
f nmisn him with an extract of their deed, upon pre- 
senting which to the Court of Justiciary, he was 
chosen Dempder, 

The petition of E. Hay sheweth, that "the office of 
DemMer of the Court of Justiciary being now vacant— 
and the petitioner being now appointed oy the town of 
Edinburgh their Executioner and Lockman, as appears 
by the act of Council in his favour, which two 'offices 
an oommcmly conjoined, this application is made to 
their Lordships, that they may m nleased to appoint 
him also Demjtster of Court." Act, Court of Justiciary, 
10th March, 1768. 

As the repeiHion ot the sentence, after the Judge, 
has been of late years discontinued, the office of Dtmp' 
tUr in the court is also laid aside. 
A.-S. rfem-an, to judge ; whence deme, demo, judex. 

Demstabt. Tke office of denutary. Aberd. 
Beg. A. 1551, V. 21; probably, that of 
prononncing doom. 




DEMPTyDsiCTy judged, doomed| condemned. 

TkaifBr tiMl dnwvB WW QkaiM, 
lad bugjiv tnd Mdyt tharto; 
1« mDSid ifaRjrf thaim for to da 

BflrfoHT, 3& 68. MS. Y. DnmnoL 

[DEMTNOi #• Jodgmenti decision. 

Btrbour, I lie, ir. 716.] 
[DEMYS| pr€$. Deems of , judges. 

Btrbou; It. SS8. 
i. Imper. Judge ye. 

BMbonr, tL 883. 

DEMY. t. A gold coin, anciently currait in 

••Itma, Tbat th« tfemy, tli« grot» and the half mt, 
ihsl now liimia, hane tbair coura, that thav now naue 
vnto tba ^ymo of tiie prodaiaatioiiii, and tbe ooora of 
Iho said naw moim/ Acta Ja. IL, A. 1061, o. U, 

**ItBni in demyit' k Soottia eroonia four hnndreth k 
tBcntL" InTantoriaa, p. 1. 

IVom th« nama. thia appaara to have baen a French 
coin, aUowad to b« eurant in 8. Bat although ita 
daaignatkn importa, that it waa the ka(f of a certain 
danominatioQ of ooin, I cannot aioertain what thii waa ; 
moat pifMtAj half oi the Ebch or cold crown. By our 
old acta^ it Waa eqpal in Talne to the Lyon, both being 
JMtiBiated at twelve ahillingi, and only aixpenniea 
below the French crown.** Acta Ja. IIL, A. 1487, c 
fi; Ed. 1666. 

DElfYOSTAOE, «. A kind of wooUen 

** A hoctMie of demitoUofie bMaieit with relttot.'* 
AbaH. Beg. A. 1638, V. 18. 

Thia aeema to have been a kind of iemming or ta- 
■liny ; corr. fioin O. Fr. c§lade, eatame, aorte d' etoffe, 
BoQuefort ; " the atoff worated ; A demy atade, cut 
in paaea, like a Spaniah leather jerkin;" Cotgr. V. 

DEN, «. A hoUow between hills, a dingle, S. 

DEN, s. 1. ''A respectful title prefixed to 
names. It seems the same with O. Fr. dame^ 
Lat. daminuif Hisp. don.** OL Wynt. Y. 

Yet or erfai enteiit that bora oflyce, 
Obeyand thir BiicboppU, and bTdtnd thama by, 
Oiit Oamwit on ground, in gudlie awyce. 
That war demit mit dout Denys duchty. 

SoutaU, i. 18. 

The Abbot of Abbyibrothok than. 
Dm Henry, than eaflyd a cunnand man, 
Be cowniala ha wat chotyn thare 
Of thia chaiga to be berara. 

Wymtown, Tiii. 10. 02. 

*' And lor the keping of thia aaid writ, aa ia before 
writin, Dtn Richart Soot Suppriour that tvme off the 
Abbey of Aberbroth, Deyn Thomaa Hercas, Den 
Thomaa Bet, Den Thomas Grinlaw, et Dm Ihon 
Dribnigh, monka of the aaid Abbey, war obliat to the 
aaid Maiater Thomaa to ger this writ and condicionia 
to be obeerrit and kepit,** Ac Chart. Aberbroth., FoL 

Tbe peraon last refened to ta ** Maiater Thomaa 
Dekyaon. Coroner of the Regalite of Aberbrothoc." 
The deed ia dated A. 1428, 


At firat I imagined that Den waa eqoiTalent to S. 
deam; bat it wpean firom the Chattolary of the Abbey 
here nitmd to, that Den or Deyn waa india- 
oriminatelj given aa a title of honour to religiooa men. 

To DEN, V. a. To dam, to shut up water. 

Thia Ibis traytouiis men had maid 
A HtiU rbaak,1 quhar ha herbryit had 
B^yr Sdunua and the Scottismen, 
The iachow off a loach to den/ 
And kyt it out in to the nycht 

AtrHw^, idr. 854, Ma 

Thie woid aeema to be a corr., aa aU the Northern 
laagnagea vae in. 

To DEN, V. fu To get into a cavern or den^ 

often applied to the f ox, Roxb. 
To DEN, «. a. To conceal, to secrete, Ayrs. 

Den% pret. 

— ''That aa often aa they fell in with or heard any 
body coming np, the bailie ahould haaten on before, or 
den himaelf among the brachana by the road-aide.'' B. 
Gilhaize, i. 88. 

*' < Hide yonrael,' aaid he, ' among the bnahea.* And 
I denH myael in a nook of the flden, where I overheard 
what paaaed.'" Ibid. u. 802. 

Thia can acaroely be viewed aa a corr. of Dem, id. 
Yet I aee no better origin, unlese we ahould trace it to 
Tent, dame, antrum, cavema. 

DENCE, ojy. Danish. 

For Ingles prelatss, Dutch and Denee, 
For their aouse ars rutted oat 

4m6 Cfodly Ball, pi 16L 

From the Dan. term. Dandx, of or belonging to 

Densmax, «• A Dane. 

Ench bryboor Baiid, Tyle beggar with thy bratts, 
lU-fart and dryit, as Denaman on the Ratts, 
Lyke aa the gfedds had on thy gule snowt dynd. 

Dnmbar, Everyreen, iL oOi st 1. 

This alludee to a barbaroiia mode of puniahment uaed 
in aevuml conntriee abroad. .Dunbar had probably 
aeen it in Denmark or Norway. For he apeaka M 
Eolua blawing him 

By Holland, Zstlaad, and the Kmthway coast 

Ibid,, p. 52, St 8. 

Zeland certainW ia meant Kennedy refera to the 
aame Toyage, p. At at 17. V. Ratts. 
Kennedy, in hie reply, aaya : — 

It may be Terrifeit thy wit is thio, 
Oohen thou wryts Denmnen dryd upon the Ratts ; 
Denmnen of Dsnmaik ars of the kings kin. 

aid,, 88, St 11 

Kennedy would aeem to have known that, in Scan- 
dinaTia, Demneemaen, aometimea daenderfolk, ia a title 
of honour given to men of a reapectable character. For 
ho aeema to play on the term, aa admitting of a double 
aeuae. V. Dakdix. 

DENEIR, Dexneyb, m. 1. A small coin 
formerly used in S. * 

" His maieatie — onlinia ane penny or pece of ailner 
to be cunyeit of the fynnes oi elleven denHrie,** Ac 
Acta Ja. VL 1578, Ed. 1814, p. 108. Denneyrie, ibid., 
p. 150. 

Aa far aa I have obeerved, no coin of the Scottiah 
mint received thia denomination. It aeema to have 
been borrowed from France, merely aa denoting the 
regulation given to tlie mint-master. Fr. denier pro- 

Krly aignifSes a penny, from Lat denarius; the term 
ing applied to a small copper coin valued at the tenth 
part of an English penny. 







f • Li ^ numdy. 

Hair i» 4teriKi Bor>fiBr dtvptiooB. 

DENK, A^y. 1. Keat» Irfm, gay, S. cimi. 

— Yovtv l^stfe gidUiidit 
- 1 Md bS in dawtl% tnd dainr lie ftiU Mldll, 

^iwaa r, Maiti m i FomM^ p. 581 ▼. Doii. 

1* StbqTy IU06. 

iM ter Uyth wjrfb h» bad, of oii]r aMi 

Dimter, iWd, p. CT. 

DENNEB, Demkabe, «. Dinner, S. 

IVir tot thay toik, and fnlhit tkaiM f sU btiM, 
(M of tht loirii» fbr dlnmer had thay nana. 

ir«aM»,Ed.l£M,FoL4^K V. Daob. 

**i|Bhy dafead ja nooht thsl am jdobeaiia and ana 
^" mtHtogMvrtX mm detmare^" BeUond. T. 

IT-tJU «7. 


ooBaiaterie mnjr ba bagm or ooort fenait ^nhill 
ma ba riMui. Ba reaaona the commiaaaria 
Loidia of Saaaioiina^ or proewmtonria bafoir 
and the adnocattia eane not attend one 
qnhill the acaaiowne aryiaa. And thAn* 
ta to paaa to thair demaaris^ para mennia 
aehiftitk Ivme not dewlie obaeniit.'* Acta 
' Jk ▼!., 1097, App. Ed. 1814, p. 41. 
^ Thm fantlaman of the law mnat hnTo had far keener 
i pf ia titw theop than iioir-«-dny« ; for no one can anp- 
poai^ that baaincaa ia hnxried orer bv them now, **for 
fffftiliUoima to paaa to tkait daumtru,'* 
TUa ia atOl the Tolgar pronnneiatioo, 8. 

LiTTLB Dknnab. An earl J breakfast, or a 
■l%ht meal before the nsual time of break- 
fist. Wlien jpeople rise earlier in the 
morning than nsoaL and take a repast before 
the uraal time of breakfast, the food thus 
taken is caDed the KuU detmar, Boxb. 


**1m 1643L a Bfr. Don^^ town-dark of Elsp, 
attaala thai— thera ware ouy ancht aooie— able bodied 
'•■MB, fit for baaring anna in the town ;~and of theae 
only foonoore oomd be fomiahed with nraacatha, 
■foka% gonnia, lialberd% rfftitrirrpi^ or IxMshaber aixeab" 
KBI^b, Moiaya. Statiat. Aoe.» t. 16^ N. 

DtouaaBCi^ie. Daniah. 

**A Ikmiak oxa waa the proper name of a Lochaber* 
aaa ; and from the Banea the bkamen got them.** 

**AnadbiMii£r^aBdaaewobsteriaqQheilL*' Aberd. 
B«g. A. 1045b V. 19. 

DEN8HAUCH, O^tt) adl. Nice, hard to 
be rieased ; applied especiaUjr to food, Ber- 

QaaL drtadwocl aignifiea aqneamiah. Bat, beaidea 
the dilforenoe of form, thia tenn aeema deriTed from 

It maf be allied to laL daim, odor; whence 
iamnd'Ot oliaoera, dam^vU^ acria odo- 

theiriBaition from one aenae to another being 
VHjr nataraL Or ahall we rather aay, from lal. ddmdi^ 
ercePanter bonum quid, and aoeit-ia, qnaerare ! 

DENT) DiMT, 8. Affection, recard, favour- 
able opinion. To tyng dmU at a person or 

' thiBfl^ to lose the r^ard one formerly had 
for tne object, Ang. 

Wai^ aa Sbt it the boDBT b 
Won'd— eooo imt dmi v a' the gneaa 

That aft eontean 
la glaaAi' looka and bonar faeaa 

Tb ealch oar aia. 

To iifme daimtk ia naed ia the aame aanae, Ptttha. 
Thia aeema to oonfiim the idea of ita baring the aame 
origin with l>aiNfiie; 

r know not if thia be allied to Id. dflewdit, exoeDent. 

Dknta, s. Affection, regard, Aberd. ; the same 
with DerUf DinL 

To DENT, V. a. To indent, to leave an im- 
pression, S. 

—Now Crammia'a doota 
Deni a' tha lone : now to the ooota 
la meadow lawn, vrnqehile ma hard. 
Yall aink. and ablins wiU ba Uir'd.'' 

r, Eng,, Seoiek^ mud Laim, p. 99. 

O. E. id. "I denl^ Jenfondra.— It waa an bonyble 
atroke; ae howe it Lath denied in hia hameaae.** 
Palagr. B. iii. F. 206, a. 

Dent, part pa. Indented. 

Tbe ajloor dair of the deiae dayataly waa dent 

emwtm and OoL, i. S. 

¥V. dent6^ id. from Lat. dene, a tooth. 

LENTELION, Dbntilioun, $. The vulgar 
name in S. for the herb Dandelioni Leon- 
todon taraxacum, Linn. 

Sara downia mal on deniSitnm annuig. 

J)9ng.yirga, 401. li, 

Fr. deni de /yoM» Lat. dene leonie. The word ia atiU 
pronounced q. denik'Hon, S. 

I do not thmk that it haa been corrupted from the 
E. name, bat immediately formed from Fr. deni de lyon, 

DENTIS, ado. Equivalent to Kyery wtlU 
ju8t 90 ; spoken in a careless and indifferent 
way, Meams. 

It aeema donbtfol whether we ahonld trace thia to 
the aame Qoth. origin with Dandjft or to Gad. deoafoj, 


To DENU'M, V. a. 1. To confonnd, to per- 
pleX| to stupif jr ; used in a general sense, 

2. To stupify by incessant foolish talk, Meams. 

Formed periiapa firom E. aimi^ or corr. from benum, 

DEPAYNTIT, Depetntit, paH. Painted. 

And in a ratreta lYtfll of eompaa, 
DmeyniU all with aighia wondlr sad,— 

Fond I Venus upon hir bad. that had 
A mantiU caat ooar hir aeaaldiia quhita. 

Kin^e Qnair, lit 23. 

To DEPAIR, V. a. To destroy, to ruin. 

Your exoeUenca maist pairlaa is sa knew, 
Na wretchis word maj d^otr roar hie name. 

Frnee qfEommr, iL 22. 

Mr. Pink, rendera it impair. But the term admite 
of a atroager aenae ; aa hieing evidently derived from 
Fr. deper4r, to periah, naed actarely. 

To DEPART tri^i, v. a. To part with, to 
dispose of. 

— *< Peraonta— >that haid keipin and depoia of gold, 
'* T» fto. to achew how that d^poHtt wUk the -'^ 




fold €r JowvQiib •od wabam to^ muK the aTsle tharol." 
OoUmI. of InToitorMt, p. 18. 
Wr* m d^ttrUr de^ to qnity naaaaot, fto. 

To DEPART, Depebt, v, a. To divide, to 

H ji nmdQMrrjfllM la twft. 

BarftMir, z. 40^ Ma 

TUf diraitvr tallli, 4« qnlnt kyn wils 

Hill tratti h«k d^NMyn i>- 

ff|fiaiM0ii» (Von. L 1, Ritbr, 

H«rt li tbt plM«^ qvhare our pMsag* inlttist 
X^gMfM is, tnd leaad in itratis tiuuio. 

Doiig. nrpl, 18S. 7. 
It is alio QMd M a fi. V. 

— Aad turn deparU ia frekUs nds tad qohyte. 

ML, 401.$. 
H naqaently oocozb in O. E. 

Tliif fole ham anatda aaoa, tad banerei floane tore, 
Aadtkparteda hart Mi ia twolf partyw Uiera. 

JL OUme., p. 18. 

**Th«i acfaalen depart yrel bmii ho tha myddil of 
jut man." Widif; Mat ziii. 
IV. deparUir, to diride, to distribate. 

Depabtisino, «• DiviBioDi partition, 

^ ''The loidit aoditoria decreti«~that the said Wil- 
liam Bfoune of Hartre as scherif^has inordouriy pro- 
oedit in the semag of the said brove of depertimnn of 
the said half Undis of Blyth,'* ko. Act. Audit, 1478, 

"To tiJcaae inqoisicioane— ^e the place A chemys, 
A hi^ggin of Medope— be set A byggyt one the samyn 
landis, A within the boundis that war 1 vmyt— the tyme 
of the divisioane A deparUsmg made betuix Tmquhile 

Hennr Lerinstoon of Manderstone A ▼mquhile John 
11.^.. ^# ^^ ,...„. ^. . .__ _ -1 ^^ ^^^ 

1480, p. 

Martu of Medope, qohilk departmng was made the 
n daj of Juliy' Ao. Act Dom. Cona, A. 
88. Y. DiPijKr, V. 

To DEPAUPER, v. a. To make poor, to 
impoyerish ; E. depauperate^ Lat. depauper^ 

— "Yehanenotonlie-^cpaa/Mfvifthe inhabitantis 
of the toon, hot hes maid your selffis contemptibill to 
thvhaiUnatioun.'' Aote Ja. VL, 1571, Ed. 1814, p. 69. 

To DEPESCHE, Depische, v. a. To send 
away, to dispatch. 

"For that caas thir ofatonris war the mor plesand- 
^depUMoi this reahne ; " i.e. dispatched from this 
leahn. BeUend. Cron., FoL 17, a. 

BV. dapeecK-er, depeick-tr, id. q. from Lat de and 
^olitna, pUoe, or epaiior, to walk abroad, to travel 

Depesche,*. a despatch, a letter or message* 

» ^^ wottved yoar depesehe sent by Captain Mure." 

SS" ^ ^^' ^ ^^8^» 9th March, 1366, Keiths 
•Uiai., p. 330. 

V ^•^^y? ^ Majestie maid ane depesehe befoir 
I?? vi «• °iK!^ ***** preeent may nocht be inquest 
th«rrf.- B.ofBoestoibp.ofGligow,ibid.,ipp. 

This V. ooears in O. £. 

J^^la^!^'^ P^ ^ **"'• ^ ^•'y disyrous to 
wtame to his chaise, we have thought good t6 d^peche 
aim withsuch matter as we here ittported by the 
eomuoo brute of Soottishmen,- Ac. SMiler s Papers, 

DEPOIS, Depose, #. Deposit 

"IiiTentare of ane parte of the golde and silver 
ouiTeit and ancunyeit, JoweUis and uther stuff per- 
teaiag to nmquhile oars soversne lordis ^uLer that he 

had in dl^poit the tyme of his deoeia and that ooma to 
tha handle of oars ■orerana lord that now is^— ii.oooa 
Lxxxvjj." CoUeot of Invent, Ao. p. 1. 

" Assignis to the bames of Danid Purvee— the arale 
of tha proffitis of the eaidia gudi^ togidder with tha 
ioaiei Of the money that was m depMe the tyme of tha 
daoess of the said Dauid." Act iJom. Cone., A. 1480, 
^ 64, 85. . ~7 

In depoiM seems exactly to cocre spon d with the 
nodem Fr. phrase e» depik, aa denoting either what 
IS m the keeping of another, or the place where this ia 
kept V. JXctTrer. 

To DEPONE, V. o. To deposit, Lat 

"The Lords,— in respect of a reason dipping upon 
David Gray his beck bond, to umquhile Captain Gray, 
her spouse, who had d^poaei his money in David hia 
hand,— thought good to try if the charger would have 
any morenor a third of that sum," Ac Fooid. SnppL 
Dec., p. 3M. -» ri- 

To DEPONE, V. n. To testify on oath, in a 
court whether civil or ecclesiastical, S. to 
depoie^ E. 

"Marion Meason deponed, that she heard her say. 
Common thief, mony ill turn have I hindered thee from 
doing thir thretty years ; mony ships and boats haa 
thou put down : and when I would have halden the 
string to have saved oae man, thou wald not" Trial 
for Witohcraft, Stotist. Ace, zviu. 654. 

L. B. depon-ere, testari ; Du Ouige. 

Deponar, 9. One who makes oath in a 
couit ; E. deponentj the term now nsed in 


"The Duik of Lennox— deponis, that—this denoaor 
for the tyme being in Falkland in companie with hia 
piaiestie, he saw maister Alexander Ruthven speikand 
with his grace besvd the stabillis betuix sex and sewin 
m the momyng.*'^ Acts. Ja. VL, 1800^ Ed. 1814, p. 

DBPOiaTiouN, 9. Oath, the substance of 
what is deposed in a court 

*' Ordinis the deponUhunt of the witoes now takin 

^ , .S?"* 'JS.**** ™J^ ^y™«»" *«• Act Dom. C5onc., 
A. 1492; p. 284. 

DEPOSITATION, 9. The act of depositing 
for the purpose of safe keeping. 

''Instruments relative to the delivery of the Resalia 
of Scotland by the Earl Marischal. and their depSSa^ 
tiOH m the crown room in the csatle of Edinbursh. 
M.DCC.VH." Inventories, p. 331. 

To DEPRISE, r. a. To depreciate, to under- 

Now qubill the King aiisknawU the veritie, 
Be scho resuvit, then wa will be deprwU. 

Lyndm^, SCA A, IL 201 
Pr. detpriB-^, Lat depreH-are. 

To DEPULYE, v. a. To spoil, to plunder. 

— Thsy depulye the mekil byng of quhete. 
And ia Uuure byik it caryis el and sam. 

Aay. VtrgU, IISL 49. 
IV. depouUl-er, Lat deepoi-iari. 

To DEPURSE, r. a. To disburse. 

—"With power~-to borrow, vptak, and leavie 
moneyes,~and to giv« and preseryve order and di- 
rwtaones for depurseing thairof." Acts Cha. L, Ed. 
iol4, V. 479. 





DiruMEinETfT, «• Disbnnement. 

of the tua tarmM payment thairoff 
to S* W* IMA for MoeMuio dq^urm- 
Iwlum.'* IbidL^VLie. 

DEPDTRIE^t. Yicegerencj. 

tiM cift-to Scfair Bobot MeMU of 

kaieht c? the office of deputrie lad clerk* 

d^p in the Mid office of TbcMUizMir.* ActtJa-VL, 

UH u. ui4, p. aoo. 

DEFTIT» iNiii. pa. Cat oCF. 

«*Ho WM demfU fm hie enfl ft aU ezerdtiomie 
ttMief." AbenL Beg. Cent. 16. 

Ol IV. tfjpfii^ mntuiition. Henoe the I^gU phrMe^ 
tfqpil A JhT, the diflnemboing of en inhentance. 
lb Bb it/iilMi^ di e ceipe i e , in jwmw mdfei^ fV. <!«• 
For the word la tnMd to Fr. ftisoe^ L. B. 
^ fngmentam j althcmgfa one mi^t at fint 
that d^jtiSf both fkom ita fonn, ami from ita 
kioB, pomted oat pied^ a f oot^ aa ita origiD, q. 
hMB^ a loot lopped offi 

T» DEl^ 9. o. To hazudy to adventare. 

Ihi l^fBg mw how Uf folk wet atad, 
And qahat aaojii that thai had : 
Aad mw wyntfr wm cnmmand ner ; 
Jknd that he mftht on na wjia der, 
b the hill jiy the cankl Wing. 
Ha the laag aichtia wanng. 

TUa k Ae aame witii B. ffafv; from A.-& <iear4a% 

DERATy #• 1« Diflorder, disturbancey from 
whaterer caiue it prooeecb. 

L cndtngli, it war my will 
lb mak aid off the gret den 


Awtar, jcr. 468; Ma 


wa ilk day. 

Ana maltitnde of eonunonna of birth law, 
— fib tm b ma t. and pot to oonftuioan ;~ 
Ind Betna oik Uy waDcaad hard thaym by. 

. a! than atenge and dirmy. 

Am^ FMpa, S8. 1& 

S. The mnrthf ol nmae <Hr disorder that takes 

Of the banket and of the grata dieitiy, 
And how GlBpldeinilamea the lady gay. 

DoMg, Vwgil, £ U. Rfthr, 

Waa nenir fai 8cotlaad hard nor aene 

Ckr. KMtt at L 

II ia aeed in the gnienl aenae in O. E. ; aoraetimea 
ea hara^ at ouer timae dytray. 

to aaaab and kapa oat of rfymy, 
M^taa an a to laraa the Kyng, 
I lua bodyabidynflL 

JSronljnv, FoL 68, b. 

Kr. Aiaiyy, diaoideiv dtaanay; like dieaarroy. O. Fr. 
av«|i< diaoidered % Gotgr. Thia ia derived from de9^ 


^ *\ maw be traoed to Germ. reiA€; a ranic. The 
of tnia we haTo ia Moee-O. roA-nan, to number. 

II oo ti ea pun da with 8. fOM; E. row, 

Thia tann ia oddly oaed in a aenae directly contrary. 
••Tobeiathairbaatileroyilkperaone.'* Abeid.Beg. 

DEBCHEDE, $. Derehede tnale, a phrase 
oocorring in the old Chartalaiy of St. 
Andrews. Y. Chudbeme. 

I oaa fonn no probable oonjectare aa to the ai^- 
Bification. Conld we nndeiatand it of animal food, it 
might be traoed to A.-9. deor, laL djfr^ animal, and 
te; oaro. It might aeem allied to QmL deare, a berry, 
aa nferring to aome apeeiea. Hot I haaitoto aa to a 
Gait origin. Indeed, Mr. Chalmera appeara aatiafied 
that JfaU '*aeema to be a Celtio term for aome pay- 
ment," Caled. i. 433. Bat he doae not obaenreb that, 
according to tlua application, it mora naturally cbuma 
affinity with 8n.-0. moo^ menaura. 

To DEBE, DfiiBy Detb, v. a. 1. To hart» 
to hamii to injore. 

Enaadinii nanir from the Ok thraw 
Agania yoa lal raball nor moae ware, 
Na with wappinnia aftir this eantri dere. 

De^. ViryO, 4181 62. 

2. To dere upon^ to affect, to make impression. 
In this sense it u said, *'It never der*d upon 
him,^ S.B. 

O. E. dere^ to harm. 

AQe that aoard mot bara, or other wapen weld. 
Ware aatte B. ttf den, anboaaed thorratha feld. 

A MfUHtie, pw '. 

It ia aometimee written Dear, 

"When thia ahip paat to the aea, — ^the king nrt 
ahoot a cannon at her, to eaaay her if aha waa wi^t ; 
hat I heard aay, it deand her not.** Pitacottieb £d. 
1728k pw lOe. In Ed. 1S14, according to the older 
MSS. It ia deirtd,p. 257. 

A.-S. der-km, Selg. deer^en, der^e% Franc, drr-on. 


Debe, Deb, Deib, «• Injoiyi annoyance. 

The oooatabla a falloan man of war, 
That to the Scottia ha did ftiU makiU der, 

WW eMAW^v^Ps ^B ^^K^%^a ^^na^a 

For cokmr qohyt it will to no num deir : 
And awill apraitta qahyto colour ay will fle. 

Ihmbar, MaiUand Poeme, p. 82. 

It ia etin need in thia aeuae Dnmfr.; aa, "Hell do 
• him no dert,** Le. no harm. It ii pron. deer. 

A. Bor. dare, harm or pain. Bay. A.-S. dere, dam- 
muB, O. Teat, dere, noonmentum. Kilian aeema 
~ to deriTe thia from Gr. ^qpct, pugna, riza. 

To DERE, t^. a. To fear. 

In ana concaaitia I sat, 
Amaait in my mind ; 
Bemambrinff ma of Typhona trapf. 

How he ua godi draw nair, 
OompaDing tluuna to change their ichapa. 
And fla away for fair : 
Feat faring, and dering 
That haUboond aold and hair. 
How ha to. micht ma to, 
Inuolae into hia anair. 

BunFePOg. fTatem'a CMC, U. 48. 

Tbta word ia aometimee pronounced aa here written ; 
at other timee aa Dare, q. t. 

DERE, «. As it signifies deer^ it also denotes 
any wild beast that is panned by banters. 

Ibare huntynff ia at all kyne dere, 
And rycht god hawUmi on rywar. 

Wynipwn, Cram,, L la 19. 

A.-S. deor ia need with the aame latitade ; laiU deor, 
ferae ; wild beaato of all kinda, Sonmer. Su.-G. diur, 
laL cfyr, Alem. dier, tior, Belg. dier, id. 

DERE, nsed sabstantiveljr for a precioos or 
h<moarabIe person. 




TH latefav tlM dAy to thai Af« dnw 
* -foUiwylth. 

FMifafiy L 14» Ma 
A.-8b litfMV pntiocu. Honee dear-hortm, iUustri 
- iHBilta BAlw, oiM of noble birth, Somner ; to whioh 
db% M bore mod, BMrljr approachei. V. Dub. 

DEBEGLES, 9.pL 1. Loose habits, irrega- 

laritiesy Ayn. 
S. AboezpL'^deoeptionSy fraudulent infonna- 

tknoM,^ ibicL 
Wr, m Ang l er^ to bo 

lb DEREYNE, Debene, Debemt, Deren- 
THB, 9. a. To contest, to determine a con- 
tiu v e rsy by battle. 

I tak on baad 
lor to d^ w wtht mater wyththri brand. 

Doyg, VhyO, iaa. d, Gextaio, Yhg. 

■ I n playna foehtin^* 

To aold pioaa to cbrvKif A« [jTonr] rycht. 

Inl aoe&t with oowarajt ba ^tb alycht 

Boftour, iz. 745, lia 

Ol Wt. demrm- tr , "to Jnatifie, or make good, the 
d«iiaD of an «et» or fact ;'* Cotgr. Menage and Dn 
CiQfe derire il from L. B. ditration^rtt joa annm 
diaoeptare. Bat ■■ thia ia generally viewed aa a Nor- 
■an wnn, it ia not improbable that it had a Gothic 
ongin. Tbo Vr* particle de$ may have been prefixed to 
U. rdm^t; the jnroper aenae of which ia experiri, to 
ttjt to prove. It ii extended to a trial of atrength in 
biMe. Ibre^ explaining 8a.-G. roa^^ id. aaya; 
Uaupator tox ilia oom generaliter de qnaria proba- 
lioae^ tom in apede de experientia viriom inter 
oartaadoni. laL reitta ttu I mmi^ pngnare, deoertare : 
VeraL L. R nma ia expL pngna, by laidore, and 

Debetne, Dsbenb, Debente, «• Contest, 

On SaryiynyB thra dtrenvtws fimcht he : 
d. In tin 

ilk derm^ off tha. 
Be wneanyt Saiynrnyi twa. 

Sartowr, xilL 824, ICa 

Boflr ma petfonne my dtrwiu by and by. 

Any. Virgil, 491 9, 

To DEBENE, v. a. 

Bafsir no wloht I did complene. 
Bo did bar danger me (iefvii«L 

Ihmbar, Bamiaigm Poemt, p. 8L 

Lovd Bailao baa giyen thia among paaaagea not un- 
dantood. Mr. Pink, aaya; ** Dagger me dertne ia 
vawer ontow m€^ ierrifg me; to be m ane'e denger, M$to 
M III hie pc^oer.^Dertne to terrifg, by a common figare 
from deir to but." MaitL P. Note, p. 536. Theaenae 
bate ^yen la donbtfnl, aa the et^rmon ia nnnatural. 

Thw wofd, although written in the aame manner, 
oaama entirelT different from the preceding ; and may 
be from Fr. deincfi-rr, to diaorder, to put out of array. 
Thia aenae agreea with the reat of the pasaage. Denger 

oartainly doea not here aignify power* It may denote 

I half a lute (krer of free, 

Qebome In no denger may haif place, 

Qohllk will me guerdaim gif and gmee. 

DEBETHy 9. The name of some kind of 
office. ' 

*^Bobert» Abbot of Dunfennline, granta, Symoni 
dieto Deieth iUio quondam Thome Ueretii de Kin* 

l^aaar, offioinm toI Dereih tool pra n om i na t i, et annnos 
radditna eidem oiBoio pertinentea." Chart. DonfennL* 

DEBF, Debff, adj. 1. Bold, daring ; con- 
joined with the idea of hardihood andresolu- 

T^nnua the prince, that waa baitb der/ead bald. 
Ana binana blaia late at the foretorea irUde. 

Doiy. firga, ML la 

TImko la no oorreapondent epithet in the original. 
Both are thrown in oy the tranaUtor ; the aecond aa 
•x]pletiTe of the firat» which ia very common to oar • 

-Tbe baidr Coclea der/ead bald 

Darat bcek the bryg that he purpoait to bald. 

iUi., 201481 

TlMio three epitbati an aU explanatoiy of oMdertt, 
Viig. Lib. Tiii. 

Pontem andaret quod Tenera CbeUt. 
The frer than Airth hia wayie taia. 
Tha^ waa all atout, derf^ and hardy. 

Awtoar, XTlU^ 807, Ha 

JSTonf jr aeema to be added, aa giving the aenae of 
detf here, i.e., intrepid and determined. Der/, ia atill 
need in the aenae of oold, intrepid, S. B. 

2. Sometimes it includes the idea of hardiness 
of body, as well as of mind; capable of 
great exertion, and of bearing much fatigue. 

Here are not the tlaw weremen Atridee ; • 
Nor the fenyeare of the fare speche Ulyxee. 
Boiwe that bene of nature da/ and doore 
Cummin of kynd, aa kene men in ane itoure. 
Our young children, the fyrst tyme borne thay are, 
Ynto the nixt rynnand Suae we thame bare, 
To bardin there bodria, and to make thaym bald. 

Ikmg. rirgil, 2M. 7. 

• Jkarmm, a stixpe genna.— Vug. 

In thia aenae it la need in Aberd.» and alao in Loth. 

Hiabonain waa a bleri/ awaak, 
A der/jwag man, becht Bob. " Stout,** OL 
ChrietmoiBa'ing, SUnner'e Miec FoeL, p, 128. 

3. Unbending in manneri possessing a sullen 
tadtumity. This is the most common sense, 

4. Hardy severe^ cruel* 

It retaina thia aenae, Aberd. 

Whan wariocka rant wi bleezia' cowea, 
On Fairie knape. an' Fairie knowes, 
While derf aula Brookie'i bone-flre lowaa, 

Wi' rampin' rieed ; 
Wball guard ua P their haunted howea, . 

Sin SauUe'a dead ? 

Tctrra^e Foeme, pi 142. 

AtUd Brookie aeema to be a cant term for the deviL 

Mony yeid in, hot na Scottla oom out 
Off Wallace part, thai putt to that derf deid. 
— ^ThuB XYin soor to that derf dede tluii dycht. 
Off barronia bold, and mony worth! knycht. « 

^a(to««, Ti. 217. 289, MS. 

Thia refera to the hanging of the barona of the Weat, 
in the Bama of Ayr. 

In a aimilar aenae, it ia need to denote the violent 
effwto ol a ahower of arrowa. 

The derWuhioX draiff aa thik aa a haill achour, 
Contende tharwith the apace aer off ane hour. 

WoUaee, x. 867, Ha 

5. As applied to inanimate objectSi it signifies 
massive, capable of giving a severe blow, 




At liMliHr d» aa' ait o' 1iaa\ 

Badd, dKiw Mi voH from A.-S. dBorf-an, la- 

q. faioH—fc fbrhamid«nit'*«etiTo, strongs 

vjgoivM.* I haT« not, however, met with any 

in wUdi Am adj. can properly be explained hv 

"hMa tanna. It ia miaeaotealy the same with 

r^an 8il4>. ditKi/. daring ; the E. word having 

neial oncm; aa also Dan. diocnr, lively, 

toy. Id. ofdkn/ ia ezpl., temerarie 

. llMBa may be all traced to laL dyrf-ad, 

j^ aadeie. 8ibb. derivea the latter, but 

albar faaeitelty. from dnr^ f era. 

Dbrftlt, oAf. FofdUy, yigorouslj. 

8eUr Jheoe the OrayaM a itnik hat tayne him rycht, 
Wllh hn nd anerd. ^moa the SotheroDe Syr, 
IMbto dad diaiff 1dm into that iie. 

*" IToltoM, vL 168, US. 

Ika phmaab iafi9 la dSai; frequently oocure in Wal- 
aa denotii^ taa foflce with which a mortal atroke 

SEBOAT.j. Target, shield. 

1U vavfaya ar aeharpe, and mara redy, 
ethieated hawel , 
, kayf a and awnd. 

Wymtawm. vii. 1. 6L 

••OaaL laiyaU; A.-& taiy, torya. laL l&wy-o." 
QL Wynt. Or. Hod. rm^nn, L. B. feuyo, Fr. laingK* 
ltd. Iniva» Hiapu adarya, id. 

DEBOY» J. An entertainment or drink given 

after a f oneral, S. Y. Dbeot. 
DERTTy jMri. JM- Baised in price. 

— '*Tlial aa Tittalia^ maanya met^ na horaa met, be 
dbraf apoa oar lonie the kynaia men in ony place 
vytba the kyuyk." Acta Ja.X, A. 1424, Ed. 1814, 

PL 7. 

Wwm A.-S. dbor. Daa. dyre^ laL dyr, Teut dkr, 
«an% pntioaaa. There aeema to be no authority, 
froaa any ol the kiadrad tonguea, for uaing thia word 

'DERK| adj. Dark; the pronnnciation of 


Dkbxeniko, 9. The evening twilight, ibid. 
Y. Dabkenino. 

To DEBN, V. a. To hide. V. Darn, v. 
To DERNE, V. a. 

—Who win beleeue that Holopheme, 
Who did a haadrad famoua princes deme, 
flioBld he dlmaptred, slain, left in a midow, 
By ao mat Cmmt, but a feeble widow f 

** eaaaa to aecrete themaelTea.** V. Dams. 

OMUe to BM, and to none Ythir wycht. 
The Tietoty pertcnis of sic ane knjrcht ; 
Qhddlia I wald his fader stnde hereby, 

Baddl tendera thia, "to behold.** Although his 

laaoaa for thia explaaaitioii are not aatiafactory, yet he 

.an eettamly given the aenae oi the pamace. For in 

B p hy a a toan'a MS. A. I527> the word ia deceme, i.e.. 

DERBILy Debus, «. A broken piece of 
bread, asof a cake or $con. ^ Ye'll gae daft 

upon derriUf'^ a proverbial phrase aookeii to 
chiMren when 'makine frequent applications 
for pieces of bread ; Upp. Ulydes. 

Aa/aWe, a aection of aa oat-cake, ia oertainly from 
Tent. efer-cM, the fourth part ; one might infer from 
analogy that derrU were oormpted from Tent, derde* 
ded^ triena, the third part. But aa thia term belonga 
to a district formerly poaaeaaed by the Welch, I aua- 
pect that we ahonld rather trace it to C. B. dryU^ a 
piece, a fragment^ a part ; Bicharda, Owen. 

DERRINy 9. A broad thick cake or loaf of 
oat or barlej meal, or of the flour of pease 
and barley mixed, baked in the oven, or on 
the hearth covered with hot ashes, Roxb.; 
synon. Fadge. 

Thia term aeema Tory ancient, and ia moat proba- 
bly formed in aUnaion to the mode of preparation ; 
Tent, dar-en, darr-tn^ derr-en, d©rr-e«, to dry, to parch, 
are^H, arefaoere; whence darine, a term used in 
Flandera, Zeland, and Holland for a bituminous turf 
need for kindling up the fire. laL iham-<t, areacere; 
Baa. forr-er, id. 


Thoorii thy bagynyng hath bene retrMrade 
Benoward oppoytt quharetiU aapeii. 
Now sail thal^um, and luke on the derL 

Kin^§ QiuUr, Chrm, &P.I SiL 

** Peihapo earik or aoU,'' Sibb. But there ia no oc« 
eaaion for anppoaing a word destitute of aU affinity, 
eapeciaUy when it makea the meaning atill more od- 
■cnze. The aenae evidently ia, *' dart a look on thee." 

To DESCEIVE, Discbyve, v. a. To de- 
scriboy S. 

How pleased he was I scarcely can dacrive. 
But thonsht himself the happyest man alire. 

HeLmWm*B WaUoiU, pi 341. 

Fleas'd, they recount wi' meikle joy, 
How aft they're been at sic a ploy ; 
J)€9cnv$ past scenes, re-act the boy, 
Aiuia' hiairtieems. 

Ma^» SUier Otm, p. 99. 

a E. id. "I deicryue, I aette forthe the facyona or 
manen of a thyng." P^gr. B. iii. F. 309, a. V. alao 
Karaa' Gloaa. 

To DESERT the Diet^ to relinquish the suit 
or prosecution for a time ; a forensic phrase, 

••U tiie pioaeeutor ahall either not appear on that 
day, or not inaiat, or if any of the executions appear 
informal, the court deterU the diet, by which the 
instance alao peiiahea." Erak. Inat, B. iT., T. 4, § 90. 

Desert, part. pa. Prorogued, adjourned; 
used instead of desertit. 

*' That thia preaent jMirliament proceide k atande our 
without ony continuacioon,— ay k quhill it pleisa the 
kingia grace that the aamin be <fesfr<, k hia i^aci«e 
commando gevin thareto.** Acta Ja. V., 1539, Ed. 

1814, p. 353. , 3. J ^^ 

Thia aeema borrowed from Fr. detert, need for demie, 
aa in the phrase Appd de$eH, an appeal that is not 

To DESPITE, I?, n. To be filled with indig- 
nation, at seeing another do any thii^ im- 
proper, or esteemed such; S. B. Fr. 9e 




DESTRUCnONFir, adj. Destructive^ 
wastef all q. full of destructiooy Boxb. 

DET|«. Datjr. 

Intofiw dillT ilwii litr rfrf, 

fa data UmM of pypto twdt Imt IH. 

IV. deU$, from IM. MJC-wn. 

DirrciXy adj. Due. 

V. aboKnoz. p. 180. ISS. 
DKmTi |Mir<. jKb Indebted. 

•«W« AT dbMil to yon, M fftderii to tludr chyldrin.** 
BaUind. Groo., FoL 6^ a. 

DETBUND, adj. IVedestinated, bound by a 
divine detcarminaiion. 

Tlilt mjilbrtoui li myM of aid tldillagv. 

Thia ia not from dd, duty ; bat from O. Fr. dd, a 
dia. ▼. Daiv. 

DETERIOBAT, parLpa. Injured, rendered 
worse; L.B. deUrioratr-ut. 

**That aU kouaeai fto., rawinit, caaaiii doan, dia- 
Iroyit^ or defartoraC, withm tiie fredooM k libertie of 
tha aaid baisli»-aaU be reparit»" fto. AcUJa. VL, 
Vn% Ed. 1814. p. 7S. 

To DETEBMEy v. a. To determine, to re- 

»'* AH tha penoaia oontenit in tha aaid pretendit 
daofe tt weanmmt lymautt k ordinit be the thre eatatia 
in pariiamenl to dderwm aU oanaia in the aaid periy a- 
maot." Aet Audit., A. 1480, p. 145. 

'* Wa BOW being aU of oae minde, are agq;reit and 
fJBhi miU in aUbehalTea. to pat inezecatiOan aic thingia 
aa rapertenia trew and ndthial aabjectaof this realme." 

Keith'a Hiat., 

Lati'Eari of Anan to Hen. Vin.» 
Ap^p, 12. 

DBTFULLTy adv. Dutifullj, as bound in duty* 

**That ooxa aooaarain loid k hia moceaioana, &o., 
aal— azaoat deli^tflly the panya of proacripdoun k treaoon 
Mania tha aaidia peraonia attemptand in the contrare 
oftha aaid Ludalt?* Acta Ja. lU., 1478» Ed. 1814, p. 

DETBUSABEyf* Fh>b.« a robber. 

Vl^th help of Ghriit thoa adl, or Peace, 

Thy kyiidUe prince pocccw : 
JktnuariSt lefttsarfa 

it MmnmKt]fm^§ fWmaae^, p. 98. 

Fnliapa from Lat. deind^ diefmn, to throat down, 
aa danofing a violent o^poeer. It may, however, be 
tnaoed to Ft. detmutemr^ a robber. 

To DETURNE, V* a. To turn aside* 

— "Gonaidafing tha great akaith that Jamee Darhame 
of Plttarro— aoatenit m the diatroying of his policie 
and parkia— 1^ the naimea and vicmitie of the kingis 
fway] pawing throw the aamin, ffor remede ouhairof 
ala majeatie grantit hia exprees lieenae to the said Jamca 
to alter and detunu a litiU the aaid way, to the mair 
ooounodiooa k better traveUing for the liecea," Ao. 
Aota Ja. VL, 1807, Ed. 1818, p. 888. 

Wt. rfwf oMrw w, <leCo«ni-€r, to torn aaida, to divert^ 

To DEUAIL, DsuALi V* lu 1. To descend, to 
fall low* 


Now thair, now heir, now hie, and now ^raoiUa 

Fhidia momtoorli, sic aa mereawynii and qohalia, 
ForthatcmpaetUwinthedepeileMa/u. , ..^ ^ 

Dm^. Firpii; SOO. SO. 

2* V. a. To let fall, to bow. 

And eaeiie wieht, fhM we that ilcht had lene, 
Thaakaad Beit God, their hekili Uw (feMoitt. 

i>al»oi qf iToMwr, iL 88. 

FV. tfevaO-ar, need m both aenaea; *'from L. B. 
devaU^ure, from vaUU, for deeoendero; aa mamire 
oomee from monf-are^ from inona, aacendero ;'*— Rudd. 
Z^waAareooeara in the Latinity of the eighth oentoxy ; 
Diet T^coT. 

DEUCH, Teuch, 8. 1. Properly a d^raught, 
a potation, S* 

2. Drink in general ; usuallv applied fo that 
which is intoxicatingi S* d. UaeL deoeh^ a 
drink* y* Teuch. 

Both aro evidently from CNmL deoch am doruU^ " the 
parting drink, bon aller, Hhaw ;" q. the drmk at the 

Deuchandorach, DeuchakdobiSi ». 1* A 
drink taken at tiie door of a house, S* 

Franck, in the long aooonnt which he ffivea of tha 
ptoaectttion aboat the weU known atory of the Forfar 
cow, which drank vp a tab-f uU of wort at a door, in- 
trodocea thia term in ita proper aenae. He makee tha 
advocate for tha defender reaaon in thia manner ; 

" My Lord, qao' he^ thev prodaoe no precedent ; nor 
waa it ever known in the kmgdom of Scotland, that a 
cow paid a plack for a atandii^^-drink : nay, moro than 
that, ahe never caU'd for*t, and Doh and DorU ia the 
cnatom of oar ooantiy ; when note, a atanding-drink 
waa never yet paid for.'* Northern Memoiza, p. 181. 

Thia rale ia atiU invariably obaerved in the town of 
Forfar ; aa tha atory aeema mdeed to be credited. 

2. Hence it has been used as equivalent to the 
phrase ^ stark love and kindness ; ^ the cus- 
tom having been introduced as an expression 
of regard to a friend at parting, nothing 
being charged for the drink, and as denoting 
a sincere wish for a prosperous journey to 
him, S* 

Thia tnmaition may be remarked in the p i'ogiie aa of 
Fhmck'a narrative. 

He introdnoee the Provoa t of the bargh acting aa 
Jadge, and interrogating tha woman who proaecated 
the owner of the cow. 

" He demanda to know of her how the cow took the 
liqnor, whether ahe took it aitting; or if ahe took it 
standing? To which the brewater wife anawerod, — 
The cow took it standioc. Then, qao' the ^vvoet. 
yoar een [ain] worda oonoemn ye ; to aeek aatiafaction 
for a standing drink ! This annihilates the oaatom of 
Doh and DorU, For truly sike another iU precedent 
aa this wen enooffh to obliterate so famoas a custom aa 
dark love and I'luajiesf forevennaro." (Tt tup.^ p. 183. 

By mistake Franck viewa the term aa conatating of 
two worda united by the copulative, and apparently, 
aa literally aignifyin^ §iark hoe omI Hmdieu. Tho 
' ia evidently OanL, Ao. 







Wilful oUttnate ; litigioi28| 

DEUK, «. Covert, aLelter. Ths deuk of a 
trm, tbe ahelfeer afforded bjr it from wind or 
niiiy S* B* 

Qmm, 4§cktf Bd^ dak^ id. operimantimi, or perliipt 
htm lln.Mini origin with Joux. q. t. 

DEUKE, «. A duck, S. 

*'lionr A tint ho wad slip in to mo me wi' o hrace 
•T wild meake$ in hio pouch, when my fint gndeman 
WM mm* aft the FalkLrk tryst." Antiqaaiy, L 320. 


**ll wad driTO ano daft to he oonfeised wi' dtuka 
and dtake^" 4o. Heart Bl Loth. ii. 302. 

Iho ptoonneiation of the wolfd is like E. dute. Loth, 
and 8b & I 4nieft^ Berths.; and 8. O. duk (u panun) 

DEULE WEEDS, mourning weeds. 

**!! b likewise statate, that no moo deuU wtedei 

bee made at the death of any Earle, or Conntesse, but 

^pmtfe Umn aft the mort; or for ane Lord of Par- 

oaaMni*. or for ane Loidis wife, bat sixteene only.** 

.Ja. TI, Flul 23; 1021, Act 25, f 12. 

To wear lAe dade is also an O. E. phrase. Hence 
Bidolph, writing to Cecil conoeming our Qoeen Mary, 

**8he ohee r fe tl the old manner in all her doings ; 
BBo eoold not perswade, nor get one Lord of her own 
to wear Ifts detde for that day [a Popish festival], nor 
aom^aathoEariBothwelL'* Keith'e Hist., p. 207. 

IV. UparU U deuii^ he wears moomin^ weeds. 

Wt, dmSL^ dmUf mourning ; also^ a soit of monming 

ToDEUOID, Dewoid, Dewid, v. a. 1. To 
deer, to eracaate. 

•*TbaX lettraa be written the balye of Lawdirdale, 
ehaigriag him to deeoJii k red the saide Isndis tA the 
Mide P£ie." Act Aodit., A. 1460, p. A. 

*'(Manis onr sorerain lordis Isttres to be diieokit 
to d^woAl * red the saide Isndis." Ibid., p. 7. 

••To cans hir dewM * red the growid." Aberd. 
Bm. a. 1938^ y. 16. 

*^To ilMvtf the tonne," to quit the town. Ibid. 

Vr.f«Ml-«r, ML 

S. To leaTe, to go oat from. 

••He is ordanitto dlneii the tovnn within xxiii] 
▼nder the pane of biraing of his cheik with ane 
Aberd. Beg. A. 15&, V. 10. 

Deuobie, 9. A dntj pajable from land, or 
belonging to one from o£Sce. 

— **And ten pnndia of annoeU rent yeirlie to be 
takin of the lanais of Lochende, with all and sindrye 

kndii^ oooDmoditeia, priuilegeis, fics and deucrit9 per- 
tsniag to the hoping of the said castell," &c. Acti 
Maiy, 1567, Ed. 1814^ p. 650. 

<X Tt. deftcmV, devoir, denotes both the homage or 
aelof enbniesion done to a landlord or superior, and a 
lee or toll duo. 

DEVAILL, 9. An inclined plain for a water- 
fall, Lanarks. 

Ol fV. daaUe^ dewatUe^ a descent; a fall in ground. 
imor. cfewif, id. 

To DEYALL, D£>'ald, v. n. To cease^ to 
sto[s to intermit, S. 

DepoU then, Sirs, snd aerer send 

For dsiatiths to rMfsls a friend ; 

Or, like a toreh at oeith ends buniag^ 

Tovr house 11 loon grow aniik end mounlng t 

According to Sibb. **o. d^aiU; from Wt, d^/aUUr, 
defida aliqua re." But Uiis seems to be a wy ancient 
word I and both in leaemblanoe and signification 
approiiches much more neariy to IsL dwd'ku, 8n.^. 
owoe^NM, dwal^ Alem. d iea^eo, to delav. Hire 
ocnsiders stupor, as the primary aeoee of dwal^t^ a 

Devall, Devald, 9. A stop, cessation, inter- 
mission, S. ^* Without devoid; withoat 
ceasing,'' GI. Sibb. 

Su.-0. dwalot mora; nton offa dwala, sine nlla 
cunctstione; U. duaml, dilation mora; VereL Ind. 
V. the V. 

Deyall, s. a sank fence, a ba ha, Clydesd. 
Fr. devolUe^ a fall in ground. 

To DEVE, Deaye, v. a. To stnpif^ with 
noise or clamour, S. 

To crak and cry slwsy quhfll he Ur dInML 
That I commswl him stiaitlie qnhill be oe. 

The rerd at rayas qnhen SDeryi in aondyr glsid, 
Dttichyt in glom dewd with sperit dynt 

Vl^rifaee, z. 2S6^ MS. Y. OUM. 

— Wha tear their lungs snd deme your sen, 
With all their party hopes and fesn. 

lUmmi^M Pcmu, il 4SM. 

Su.-G. do^'-woj obtundere, to deafen ; Id. deyf-at 
surdum et stupidum fsoere; O. Andr., p. 47. V. 

Deefe, O. E. " Thou dee/eti me with th^ kryena so 
loads ; Tn me assonrdys," fto. Pahgr. B. iii., F. 206, a. 

To DEYEL, V, a. To give a stnnning blow, 

Deyel, Deyle, 9. A scYcre blow, ibid. 

— ** Tak the pick till't, and pit mair strength, man, 
ae gude downrij^t devd will ^lit it^ I'se warrant ye." 
Antiquary, ii. &8. 

Deyelleb, 9. 1. One celebrated as a boxer, 


2. A dextrous young fellow ; being transferred 
from eminence in pugilism, which appears an 
illustrious accomplisnment to many young 
people, ibid. 

To DEVER, V. n. To be stupid, Roxb. Y. 
Dauer, Daiyer. 


DEVILRY, Dee yilrt, 9. 1 . Communication 
with the devil. 

"I always thought there was demHtTf among you, 
but I never thought he did TisiUy appear among you, 
till now I have eeen it." . Walker's Peden, p. 65. 

'*We think there was both deviirv and villaiw in 
the affair of those oracles, though peraape most of the 
hitter. " Brown's Diet. Bible, to. Oracle. 
. '* ' I hae heard a sough— as if Lady Ashton was nae 
cannie bodv.' — 'There? mair o' utter deeoUty in that 
woaian,-*than in a' the Scotch witches that ever flew 




kv aMMiUght «ww North Btnridc Uw." Brid* of 
r« at. 97. 

S. tJaed to denote miachiefy bat ratfier of a 
•portiTe Idndy or a disposition to this, S* 

Dbvilocik, «. A little devil, an imp, Aberd. 
2M& is used in the same sense^ S. O. 

DEYINT./Mirl. o^^'. Bound, under obligation; 
Lat. (Im'flc^4l«• 

**Tlit Mid lady [ths ooimteMe of BCar] beinfi tlraa 
of hit mAiwteii blndab and iwa be natars and aewitie 
tbe matr obleist Mid dewni to be cairf nU of his hienea 
pMeniatioim,''ao. Acta Ja. VL, 1573» Ed. 1814, p. 81. 

To DEVISE, Diuiss, Deutss, v. n. To 
talk, to communicate information, to narrate. 

— Tbaa the King, with oatyn mar, 
' CUhrt ana, that was him pnwa,— - 
And ehaigyt him in leas and mar. 
Aa je haj^ma ifttMM U ar._^ 

W. iMs-€r, to talk* to diMOoxae together. 

DEYOBE, Deuobe, s. . 1. Duty, service. 

Ba the ibvorv of that day 
. OfLiglitheElsct wesbidanday 
Pmsbyi fa his posssssiouna 
. Bot ooy ooBtTMUctiooBa. 

Wfmimm^ iz. 97. 407. 

Bpalk as ye nMs, ft was ana Tailyeant ak (act), 
Aad Diuna denljr did his ftill dtuoir, 

A^vea^v ^B^^w^^^ft ^^^i^^^v^p^pa ^a ^^^f^^^^w fc»e^a^B^B^^^ewwW ^^^pa^^s^ a a^9 ^B^^epw 

2. Good offices, exertions. 

It ooeiua in the aame aenae in an Act Ja. VL, 1584. 

—"It being permittit and lioentiat to aaaiat the 
Prinoe of Oruige and estatia of the aatdia Nethariandia 
in thair weria, the aaid Colonell, Ac, for the maiat 

part haning aemit for the apace of ten or twelff yeiria, 
aea indnring the aaid apace omittit na dtvoriM to the 
adTancement of the aaidcana," Ac Edit. 1814, p. 325. 
"/)evore— aeema aickkvemeni^ O. Yt, devoyer, to 
flniah, atohiere ; " GL Wynt. Bat perfaape it ia merolv 
devoir^ anciently dtbvoir^ "a aervice, good office,'*' 
It ia need in a aimilar aenae by Abp. Hanultoon : — 
**Thn8, we doand throch Qod'a grace oar deuore k 
diltgana qohilk we ancht to do^ God wil gife til ra hia 
«&»" Le., dnty. Catechiame, 1551, FoL 76^ b. V. 

DEW, adj. Moist. 

Ana hate lyry power, wanne and dew, 
Haaialy bsgynnjng, and original. 
Bane in thay ssois qahilUs we saoUs cat 

Wtam A.-S. deaw4am, irrigare; baring the aame 
origin, with & dewy and ooxreaponding to the adj. 

DEW, preL Dawned. 

The oat agaya ilksna to thar ward raid, 
Oomanndyt waehis, and no mayr noyis maid, 
Bot restyt still gnhiU that the brycbt day dew; 
Agayaa began tfia toon to sailye new. 

iraOacf , TiiL 860, M& V. Daw,«. 

DEW-CUP, 9. The berb called Ladies 
Mantle, Alcbemilla vulgaris, Linn., Selkirks. 

*'They [the laarieal IX hae to— gang away an' aleep 
in their dew^upe — till the gloaming come on aoain. 
Brownie of Bodsbeck, ii. 1831 ^^ 


"BCr. Jamea H<Mg— montiono the nnifonnly 
oaaafol treatment olMieep aflected with thia diaorder 
[Trembling iUl— by giving them n decoction of the 
J)ewcMp and Healing liMlboiled in bnttermilk." Ea- 
aaya Uighl. Soe., iii. 388. 

DEWGAB, 8. A mode of salutetion. 

He sslnst thaim, as it war bot in aoom ; 
Dewffor, god day, bene Senyhoor, and gnd OMim. 

Wal&oe, tL 130, MS. 

««He oommia to tho King, and after greit dewgaird 
and aalatotioania, he makia aa thocht he war to require 
anm wechtie thing of the Kingis Qraoe." H. Chaiteria 
Pref. to Lyndsay? Warkia, 1592. A. iL b. 

Fr. Diem garde, "a aalatation, or God aaTO yon ;** 

DEWGS, 8. pL Bam, shreds, shi^ingi of 
cloth ; small pieces, §• 

" Speaking of the Weat of Scotland, after the insor- 
raction at &thwel, he aaid. Bat gane onny of their 
frienda be here, toU them if they ator again, they shaU 
awe be cat in dewge.** W. Laick'a Anawer to the Scota 
Pkeab. Eloquence, Fart L, p. 52, 4to. 

Thus Eoropaaas Indians rifle. 
And giTs tnem for their gowd some trifle ; 
As d^sM of vel?et, chips of aystal, 
A fuodrs bell, or banbee whistle. 

Ramtc^e Peeme, L 9SL 

I know not if thia haa anti affinity to Teat, doeek^ 
doth ; Isl. duek'-Mr, a rough cloth for oovering a table. 

To DEWID, V. a. V. Deuoid. 

To DEWITT, V. a. To murder, to assassi- 

They aay the parsaen were 4 brethem of the name 
of Sinclar, who coming to the Neip where the Farson 
had hia ordinary residence, they apprdiended and de* 
witted him, one of the brethren tiucing a sop of hia 
heart-blood." Bnnd*a Orkn. and ZetL, p. 118» 117. 

The fonnation of thia term afforda a proof of the 

feneral detestation which the fato of the celebrated 
ohn and Corneliua De Witt, in Holland, excited in 

DEWOB, Dewoub, Deuoub, Dewort, b. 
Dutjr. The first three forms are found in 

Dawery occurs in Wall. MS. for dewoiy. 

The armyt men, was in the icartii brocht, 
Baiss wp and weillthar tfetosry has wrocht ; 
Apon the gait thai gert feill Sothroon de. 

B.iz.788. V. Difoai. 

DEW-PIECE, 8. A piece of bread which in 
former times used to be given to farm- 
servants when they went out to their work 
early in the mornings S. B. 

**Th9 girl was called for, and asked, if aha had 
giTon him any hard bread ; *Ko^' aava ahe^ 'bat when I 
was eating my dme piece [apparently meant for d^p* 
piece] thia morning, something come and clicked it 
out of my hand.' " Sinclair's Sktan'a InYiaible World, 
p. 48. 

Thia 18 eridently from dew, or perhapa date, the 
dawn ; oorreapondmg to O. Tout, dagh'moee, jentaou- 

To DEWYD, Dewotd, v. n. To divide. 

The grounden sper throuch his body schar. 
The shafil to schonldt off the Ihischand tie, 

Ikwogdyde sons.' 

wW one^^^n^ps asaa A^^^Pa ^^fca^% 






To DEWYSS^ DIUI40, «. a. To divide. 

Aai, tiM KtajL fiulMii liit nmigiM wtr 

mi a«7M bateill orduyt m. 

' - - ,iL171. Ft. devii-er, id. 

To DEWTSS, to talk. Y. Deviss. 
DEWTT, deafened, stunned. Y.Deve. 

At DiwriM te thai dftjia* dachtj* Dftukart^ 
JLi^b^dth* honoMble in habitotionis, 
Wtddit tbal wlouk wicht, worthye of wan, 

Wtt^NBt and with rielna. 

MoviaU^^L 19. 

la taBMribini^ of has been read aa A «nd 9 *• i^. 
fbr the wwd in MS. nndcmbtadly ia alquhart^ q. t. 
thai i% **9nsj wbefe oekbimted for hia proweaa." 

DETy Deb» 9. A woman who has the chai^ 
- of a daiiji a daily-maid^ S. B. Dee^ Loth. 

la O^ draw near, ther haaid an elderin <ley, 
~" " ' "* ' at nulldog of har ky. 

ftin ___^ 

Bati^Bdtnon^ p. 761 

Iban ataig the fowana, broom and knowi, — 
AtMJ UtHmoom Bwaina, 

Whn nal and daaoa, with kiltit tf«f, 

BmmmKff% Pmmb^ U. 880. 

Mj boUmt ibe la an'anld dejf: 
jtad well alaep on a bed o' green rasbes, 
And dine on freah enida and green whejr. 

Jamitmm*9 Popular Ball., ii 157. 

ma wwd 18 need by Chancer. 

She wia aa It ware a manor dqf, 

Namid9 Br. T.^ 14861. 

lyrwbiilanya; "ii Bmf <fdeg: but what a ciey waa, 
H 18 not eaay to determine prectaely. — It probably 
■aeat QrigMuJlj a da$4abcmrtr in general, though it 
■HUf ttnoe baTO been need to denote patticnlwly the 
■mr-intendaat of a dayerie." Note Vol. III., 2f78. 

x?tt/ konmt Glooeat, aignifiea dairy-houae. Thia 

}tm^^mn derivea "from dey an old woird for milk, and 

imtML the nffli-hoiiae.'* Rural Eoon. of Oloceat. GL 

FlMgr. renden dqf toje/e, by Fr. meUrie [for meta- 

fin^ ^. a faniale who baa the charge of a farm. 

The yntj turn oooon in a compound form in Dan. 
J^rfgX "a dairy-maid," Wolff. ?rhi8 aeema to have 
beaa focmed tem laL hu, cattle, (for I do not find the 
Ism la Ban.) and deag4a, or aome simibr Terb ; aigni- 
fjimg **iha peiaoB who milka oowa." 

I^re^ (Acbut. to Jnniua) derirea it conjectnrally from 
U. dtga4a^ lac ptaebere, lactare, g being chanced into 
9, wbm la Teiy oommon. Although he apeaka with 

^ iBty» be baa eridentW refmed to a cognate 

8w. daa baa preciaely the aenae of dey; m 

I, Wideo. Sibb. having mentioned deya, 

rafara auio to A.-S. iheowe, famula, aerva, 

kit there ia no aort of affinity between theee ; 

_ Sn.«0. d^a, ia eridently allied to a variety of 

in the Northern langnagea, which have a aimibr 

UL dia^ dy, 8w. cfi, to anck ; Stt.-G. degg-ia, 

^ _, to aiiTe nulk, to anckle ; Moea-Q. dadd-jan^ 

to nilk and to anckle. The root aeema to be lal. 

4yt Dob. ds dk, w*"""*^ ; at mfve hamet di, to give the 
bnaat to a child ; whence aleo die, concubina foeta ; 
O. Aiidr.t 9, 48^ and Sw. di^bam, a nnrae-child. A.-S. 
dkade, laetantea; Benaon. Ihre jnatly obaervea that 
M. dag preaenrea the root. Belg. tUte and E. fear are 
▼iewed at having the aame origin. V. Jun. Goth. Gl. 

D£Y» (pron. as Or. h») «. A father ; Grand- 
dey^ a grandfather; terms most commonly 
* by diildren ; Fife. 

In the langoage of Estonia, die or tkie aignifiea a fa- 
ther, diar, fa&era, whence SUemholm auppoiea that the 
twelve oompaniona of Odin were denominated Diar. 

To DET, V. n. To die ; Wyntown. 

UL deg^ id. data, mortnna. G. Andr. and Ibre 
view Gr. tfavovyMu, Barwr, aa radically the aamo. In 
another place, however, G. Andr. aeema to consider 
laL daa, deliqnium, aa allied, explaining it» aeminez, 
iquea morti aimilior, p. 44. 

DIACLE, 8. The compass used in a fishing- 
boat» Shetl. 

** Diadea of wood, the dozen— zl a., of bone, the 
doMi—viii L" Ratea A. 1611. 

In Ratea A. 1670, thia ia diaOi, bat obvionalj by 
miatake of the printer. 

" Every boat carriea one compaaa at leaat, provin- 

aUy a diOcU.'* Age, Surv. ShetL, p. 87. 

L. B. di€eul'Um occura in the aenae of dies, a day. 
Bat I aee no other- term that haa any reaemblance. 

DIBy 8. A small pool of rain-water^ Ayrs., 
Loth. ; the same with Dub^ q. v. 

" He kena the loan from the crown of the canaeway , 
aa weU aa the dackdoea the midden from the adle dib" 
. Ayrahire Legateea, p. 100. , . , ^ ^ ^ . 

*'The diba were fall, the roada fool," fte. Annala 
of the Pariah, p. 312. 

DIBBER-DERBY, «. Aconfuseddebato,S.B. 

Aa they an at thia dibber derrg thrang, 
And Bydbv atiU complaininff of her wrang, 
Jfltn, wha bad aeen her coming o'er the moor, 
S.ppo.1-^ Norr. rt.p. ta « j^-^;,^ ^ ,„ 

The only word that aeema to have any affinitv ia 
Germ, tob-en, tumultaari, atrepitum et fragorem edere 
inatar f urioai ; Wachter. 

To DIBBLE, t;. a. To plant by means of 
the instrument in S. and E. called a dibble. 

An' he's brought fouth of foreign leeks. 
An' dUMet them in hia yairdie. 

RmainM Jfithtdale 8img, p. 144. 

Although the «. oocnra in E., I have not obaerved 
^m^ ti^ V, ia oaed, in tiua aenae at leaat. 

DIBBLE-DABBLE, 8. Uproar, accom- 
panied with violence, Fife. 

The signal made, the culprit met his fate. 
Whan 10 1 there rose a mighty dibbU-doMe. 

MS. Poem, 

Periiapa of Fr. origin, aa intimating the freqaent 
repetition of the term diabU, an expletive of very va- 


"The heir aaU haae— ane diah, ane dOAer, ane 
charger, ane cuippie." Burrow Lawea, e. 125, § S. 
Paropeiden, Lat. ... ^ « 

Skinner juatly viewa thia aa the aame with O. E. 
dobeler, Lincoln, doubter, which he explained aa aignify- 
ing a large wooden platter; ^. duplex patina, from 
dMle t But it ia evidently aUied to Lovan. dobbelkT' 
ken, id. acutella, aceUbulum ; Kilian. V. Dublas. 

To DICE, v.a. 1. Properly, to sew a kind of 
waved pattern near the border of a garment, 

P*operly, to aew a kind of waved pattern n^r the 
bolder of a garment; but oaed more generally, S. B. 




S. To weave in figures resembling dice, Loth. 

Dkfd. WMT'd in 4giiM like dice;" OL Haid's 

( Memt more immediately ekin to C. B. di* 
odinff to anger, dikUkoned^ displeasure ; from 
to offend, to be offended, to be angry. This 
qr be Tiewed as a reliqne of the Cambrian 


Ibk it pefhaM the sense of the following naseage in 
Om QenftKlb^eid. -•*— tr^ 

He kamsB Us hair, indeed, and gses ligbt snug 
inth ilbbon-knoU at his bloe bonnet log ; 
WMDc pansylie he wean, a thought a-iee. 
And ifteadshis garters di^d beneath his knee. 

BMm»a^% i^Dtms, iL 76^ 

It nems probable, that the term here does not re- 
speel the form in which the garters were tied, as if 
making a Minare figure, but that in which they were 
woven, q. ^die'd garten." 

In reCerenoe to &is passage ftom Ramsay, a literary 
fkisnd remarks^ that ttiis aeems to signify, to display. 
So anew oft 

8. Used fi^punitiyeljy as signifying to do any 
thing qnickly and neatly, S. B., Boxb. 

■ But yon. 

This blythsoms ssng we all had wanted now. 
Then Colin said, the cariine maid it nice : 
^ BntweUIkeatsheenditrighUyiftM. 

Aft timss nnbid, she lilted it to me. 

wRom's Edmunn, p. 119. 

O. ftn dk^ indeed, might eeem more analogous to this 
s jgniflratW Q of the tmn ; Diseoum, — ^rers, poeeie ; 
Bo qn efott; whence iKKnr, *'a speaker, a prater," 
GoC^r. ; and a E. c^foui^ story-tellers, Weber^s Metr. 
Hmnano . ; need in the same sense by Qower, Lib. vii. 
Bnt then is no OTidenoe that this word was known in 

DICHEL, (gott) s. A bad scrape, Ettr. For. 
This, I think, must be allied to DichaU,<{. y. 

DICHELS, DiOAALfi^ (gutt) s. pi. 1. Be- 
nroofy correction. ^ I gat my diehaUr 
I was seyerely reproved, Benfrews. ; synon. 

2. Used also to denote a drubbing, ibid., 
Dnmfr.; a^ « Well, my lad, I tliink ye'U 

1U1 us how our anld frien's the 

8laa' 'gdast the warl oronae and stainch ; 

And how the bonny Fernig fbichals 

Oie Q — n thieres and slares their cTtdlafiL 

Poem»^ Eng., Seoieh, and Latin, pi 103. 

Perhape from Gael tUoghla, dioghalt, levenge, dtb- 
gkai-am, to rsrenge. 

Bat it seems more iounediately akin to C. B. di' 
yiote^ tendinj 

word may be Tiewed as a reliqoe 
longdom of Stratclyde. 

DICHENS, (gutt.) 8. pi I. A beating, GaDo. 
way; synon. ticks. 

2. Severe retribution in whatever way, Sel- 

"Mt master an' she has this wark to answer for 
yet I theyll get their dkh^nt for't eome day.—Thevll 
Mueel for this— let them tak it.'' Brownie of B<^ 
book, u. 127. 

This seems tobo onlyalocal irarietyof.Z>JcAa/^ q. v. 

To DICHT, Dtcht, v. a. 1. To prepare, to 
make ready^ in a general sense ; part dichu 

Hai thou attemptit me with sie dimait, 
This bing of trsu, thir altaris and lyrii haiU ? 
Is this tU tUng thay half Tttto me <l»dU I 

Anv. ^MV^ 188. Sa. Fluabaat» Viig. 
*'Oif th^ [the fleehonrs] dkhi, or prepahr the flesh 
not wdl, they saU reetore the skaith to the awner of 
the beast" Borrow Lawes, o. 70. f 3. 
This gsneral sense was rstained in O. E. 

The sent to seke many a sehlp wright 

To the toon of Ssndwushe, the naole for to dighL 

JL Brunns, p. 4L 
A.^ diJU-an, Germ. 

2. To array, to deck; Le., to make one's self 
ready for any purpose, by putting on proper 
apparel, S. 

H e wsMds, lo» so gloriously. 
With the rjreh spnlye triumphale deraly dieht. 

In this 

Danff. Virgil, lOS. 49L 
the T. digki is retained in E. 

3. To prepare food, to dress it 

Byfor me sat the hidy bvicdit, 
Cuztaisly my mete to dgghL 

rwama, RUmm'a Mi, Itmn., L la 

*'A friend's dinner is soon dighi;** S. Pkor. Kelly, 
p. 12. 

4. To polish, to remove inequalities from a sur- 
face ; i.e., to prepare any thing for its use, 
by dressing it properly. 

Thay had into thars handis wirfcand fitft. 
That ane parte polist, bumist wele snd dycAt 

Da^ Virgil, TSt. Sa 

La week sad feckleH oeature^ 
n moulded by a safter naturs ; 
Wi' msson'i chlssel dighUd neat. 

To gar me look baith desn and feat 

Ftfgntaom*§ Poem9, IL SSL 
Tim not of smoothing a pieoe of wood by means of a 
plane, is caUed, *^dieXling a deal," S. In the same 

,^___— . A- ^ - _^ __e_^e • • ^ m 

caipenters speak of drtumg wood. Jnnius ren- 
ders E. tUghi, polire. 

5. To make clean, to wipe, to remove nasti- 

Bob mr hone belly, end IdM ooots. 

I get them, dight my bootiL 
CbhiTsJioek Poem, P. L, p. SI. 
It is metaph. applied to the mind. 
Of Virtue It is said, that it 

—does the mul fhM aU disorder dieht. 

BMmd. Svergrmn, L 44, st 27. 

In this sense it is very often used to denote the 
wiping away of tears, S. 

But theyeanna digkt their teen now, see Dut do they fit'. 
Our ladie dew do nouriit now but wipe aye her een. 

LamentJ^ Maxwell, Jaeobiie Rdics, iL S5. 

It is singular that thia v., in Cheshire, has a sense 
irsotly inverted. •«— ■^' •- - - • 
Bay's CoUeot., p. 21. 

dirsotly inverted. *' To Dight; to foul or dirty one< 
Bav's CoUect, p. 21V ^ 

A.-S. diht<tn also signifies oomponers^ to set in 
Older ; Northumb. deeght, ezteigere, mundare ; Bay. 
D^A<, to olean or dress, OL Oiose. 

6. To ruby in order to remove moisture, to diy 
by rubbin^^ S. 

Bs than the auld Menet ouar schipbuid slyde,— 
Syne Bwymmand held Tnto the craggis hieht. 
Sat on tne dry rolk and himself gan dvehL 

Demg. Viryii; 1S8. SQL 




A liH ■boalltfB BHldt Ml UBOO flktf 

Oiyliff Md^^MM^ tlbiin up and down. 





ilwiwur'* PsiSM, L 145c 

7« To afl^ to Mpftrmte from the chaffy S. 


Ainu,lJlUaL Y. Comb. 

h» Itdi tb« bynt and lUblM mack, 
Aa' €lHB ilw eon If dM/tf. 

itMi J. irieoTa Poem, I 91 

IWfcllphnM b !• iKdU eorn, q. to oleanaa it^ by 

** Ta mMt corn, to oleanaa it from the chAff by win- 
MWMiOuibw* Oroae. 

8. To tieati to handle; used in the sense of 

QahKkaib >BMa t the laaitTryt ta and slane 
Mf aa cnaU tomoitu and hjddaooa pane f 
Haw eMT waa ooy aaiEnit tlie la to ajfchi t 

iSv. Fuy. 181, SSL V.aIao28,l& 

OUtaatoidaUlleBitf — ^^ Tiig. 

9» To handky applied to the operation of the 
amid. A dtscoorse is said to be wHl dicht, 
when the sabject is well handled, S. B. 

Una aeoBe Is naacly aUied to that ot BtHg. dkhien, 
8a.«0. didtl^ to co mp oae^ to make Tenea. 

10. Toscoaige,to exercise discipline; Plldight 
fOMf or m you a Ochting^ Lt^ I will chastise 

AdUleiM^t doMd^ to cm oim a aoond drabhing; 

Iban IuMfleveiL that brate and warlike knight, 
Mektar behaf'd, and did theirilMUtfte <f urA<. 

iffamOtonV IFaAu», iz. Ml. 

II aaana "*«*—**«" iHiether thia ia an obliqae aenae 
. d tbe rad, aa aignifying to deck, or to poliah, the 
«b dnm being need in the aame waj ; SL or more im- 
awdiatoly alfied to aenae S. 

ll. To make an end of, to destroy. 

Bbl now tide doloroaa woond la has me d ycU, 
Xtoi al thins dimmia and mjrknyi me about. 

■ I I i W nne Tvhina aeefbom 

V maybe onlyaa eUipeia inatead of the 
to didU fo deie; literaUy aignifying, to prepare, 
diapoae fot duath. 

broChjr ala, qohilk was a gentiO knycht, 



wJlM9, QL 244, MS. 


i^Miit. FtfyO, iVoI., S56L 2a. 

I>ioiinNG& #• pL 1. Befnae, of whatover 
kiody S* B. 

Dor had my fiUher aonght the warld ronnd, 
im he the vary diMinfft o*t had foond, 
In odder hag eonxl not oome in his way. 

Jloer*« Hdmof, p. 86L 

9« The refuse of com, after sifting, given to 
hofsea or cattle, S. synon. 9hag. Y. the v. 
5 and 7. 

DiOHTEBy 9. One who is employed in win- 
nowing grain, S. 

Twas in a bam, where dihting bear, 

A etoad of dost did borer ; 
The floating atoms did appear, 
To dab the dighUn orer. 
D^<itV^ the Barie^,JL Seotf§ Poems, pi Sa. 

DICKIE, 8. Filth, ordure, Aberd. 

IsL diU denotea a marsh ; paloa. Or shall wo Tiew 
this aa baring any connemon with the delicate mode 
td expression often naed in the ooontiy, for easing 
natoro? Thia ia called "gain to the (ia»-si(2e." 

DICKIES, 8. pL Severe reprehension, Upp. 

Thia ia merely aTariety of Dixie, V. alao Dxohilhi, 


To DICT, V. a. To dictate. V. Ditb. 

DICTAY, 8. Indictment. V. Dittat, under 
DiTE, Dtte, v. 

To DIDDLE. V. n. 1. *^ To act or move like 
a dwarf," o. Ol. Rams. Daddle^ to walk 
unsteadily like a child; 01. Orpse. A. Bor. 

How pleasant was't to see thee diddU 
And oanoe see finely to his fiddle. 

JUmta^M Poewu, L 2S5. 

In thia aenae it ia probably allied to Fr. docUm-er, 
to rock, or jog np and down. 

2. To shake, to jog. Sometimes a v. a. 

Hale be your heart, hale be your fiddle, 
I«ag may your elbock jink and diddU, 

Bwm§t HL 876u 

In hia profession he had right good lock. 
At hridals his elbo' to iulcas. 

A. SoUCm Poem»t 1811, p. S4. 

IsL dudd<dt SMnipee ease; O. Andr. It eeema 
nearly aynon. withToDDLS, q. t. 

Diddle, s. A jingle of music, Ayrs. 

Aa they through the reel arBtost,^ 
BoBM old fam'd mosidan's ghost 

Strikee np thonder to the danoe. 
In their ears it is a dulcOs 
Like the eooading of a fiddle. 

TndiC* Pod. JBev. 

DIES, s. A toy, a gewgaw, Loth, also wa/Zy- 

IsL ty, anna, ntenailia ; Sa.«0. <ywi, adBcere. 

DIET, Dtett, 8. 1. An excursion, a journey. 

''Sum of the oonapiratonria, who hard toll of the 
kingia dyeU, followed fast to Leith eftir him, and 
thoa|dit to have gottin him, bott they miseod him.** 
Pitecottie'a Cron., p. 212. Diet, Ed. 1728. 

-*" The king— praveth him to waken up all men to 
attend hia commg : — ^lor hia diet would be sooner per- 
hapa than waa looked for," Ac Calderwood, p. 848. 
v. Om Tbavks. 

2. Used in an ecclesiastical sense, to denote the 
discharge of some part of ministerial duty 
at a fixed time ; as, a diet of examination^ a 
diet of vieitatianf on such a day, or at such 
an hour, S. 




8« Used also in reUtiioii to tbe order in which 
ministers officiate in succession ; as, A. has 
tksjlm diti of preachings B. the seeand, S. 

'TlitM may bo n«w«d m oblique senaet of the E. 
vwd, which is oonfined lo *'an Msembly of orinoet 
' or islfttat.'' But it ■eenio rather tnnamitted from 
Am Mate m whieh L. Bw dkla ham been need in timee 
of Popery. Cozmie eodeuae orduuuriu, tea officiom 
qnod ^Ktiidk oelebnri oolet in matntinis horia. Thw 
twelTO Ptahni, whieh were tang, were called a diei. 
Da Gbngo, to. Diefo. For etymon, V. Diet-Bookb. 

'4. The fixed daj for holding a market. 

*' At— the Oatehoaee of Fleet, there ia a market 
for food &t kine kept on the Friday, Ac., this market 
bemgmled by the OtfeU of the nolt^market of Wigton." 
Symoon't Deicr. Oafioway, p. 2S. 

DIET-BOOEE, $. A diary, a jonmaL 

''It rooawi«noe] is a dSee4oo£e, wherein the linnet 
ol Ofone day are written, and for that canae to the 
wioked a mother of feare." Epietle of a Christian 
BMher, A. 1024, p. 25. 

L. B. dfaM<-<i, diel-a, iter nniaa diei ; dinmiim spa- 
tnuDy opera dinma ; Dn Gange. 

DIFFAT,«. V. Divot. 

DIFFER, 9. A difference ; a low word, S. 

** There 18 a great di^cramaag market days." Bam- 

»y, Dw 70. 

** I affinne^ that no such material pointe are in diftr 

betwixt Ts^ in oonmion, wherefore wee both may not, 
and ooftht not^ embrace others mntoallie as brethren." 
ForbeAEnbolna, p. 94. 

To DnTEB, V. o. To canae difference between, 
to divide, S. 

'*fbr SM gvde and as bonny as she is, if Maister 
Angis and hermak it np, Fse ne'er be the mantodf^er 
them." Saxon and Gael, i 70. 

To DIFFER, V. a. To yield to, to submit. 
y. Defeb. 

DiFFEBiT, preL Submitted. 

^^'Deeretia— that Johne Stewart sen— pay to 
Arohibald Forester of Gorstorfin xz £ yerly of Tiii 
ywia bigsin — becaoss the said Archibald differii to his 
■itiiv and he refnsit to saere inpreeens of Uie lordia." 
Aet Audit, A. 1479» p. 90. V; 

To DIFFERR, v. a. To delay; K defer. 

" Neither do I in ony point diferr tiiecans, nor will 
Dodit." WiUock, Lett, to GkooigaeU, Keith's Hist. 
App., p. IM. 

%. d^er<r. Int. <liferr^ id. 

DiFFEBBENCEy «• Delay, {ttocrastination. 

— **Uthenryse the hail waiM mav se that it is hot 
difarrtno^ that ye desyre, and not to haif the mater at 
ana perfyte tryaU."-*CrolsrBgael], nt sap. 

DnTEBBEB, «• Delayeri the person who de- 

*« I mj% qnhilk of both is the diferrtr of the cans f 
WiDook, nt sap. 

DIFFICIL, adj. 1. Difficult. 


^Fortonne hes schanen hvr rycht aduerse con- 
trar me, as is hyr Tse to do to them that ▼ndirtakkis 
di/UU entrepricis." CompL a, p. 23. 
rt. difdk, Lat. dyScU^ 

2. Backward, reloctant. 

*' Qahair many pecsooss were iU|leJff and senrapnlona 
to— len moneyes, — these — ^haTO giTon thairawin 
s." Acts Cha. I., Ed. 1814, V. 470. 

The Fir. word is nsed in the same sense. I find 
that it occurs in both senses in O. E. 

To DIFFICULT, v. a. To perplex, to render 
difficult to, S. Fr. difficuUrer^ id. 

"What most difiadied the judges was, that the ar- 
rester could not confirm a disposition to which he IumI 
no right.** Kames, SnppL Dec p. 155. V. Todd, to. 

To DIFFIDE, Defidb, v. n. To distrost, 
with the pret. of added. 

" Albeit James Douglas was destitute of his brother, 
kindred and friends ; — ^yet, not the less nerer difiding 
of ffood fortune, he passed to Donald Lord of the Islea, 
ana Earl of Roes, being in Uunstaffiiage for the time.*' 
Pitscottie, p. 55, Ed. 1728. "Evir difiding ypoun,'* 
Ed. 1814. Thia ia an error introduced by some igno* 
rant copyist. 

Lat. dyfd-ert, id. 

To DIFFOUND, v. a. To diffuse. 

In euary pert the hie wyidome den jne 
JHfouMU monyt thyt waridis hale ingyne. 

Anvl VuvU, 19a 65. 

Lat. difund-tre. 

DIG£STLI£, a<{9. Deliberatelj. 

" And for sindrie vtheris sene and proffltable cansaia 
digettUe considerit, — ^have thairfoir ratefeit,'* fte. Acta 
Ja. VI. 1806, Ed. 1814, p. 312. 

Fr. dtger-^Tf mediter ; Eoquef. GL Bom. 

DIGGOT, 8. A oontemptuooa designation 

fiven to a child, implying the notion of dis- 
onoorable conduct ; as, ^ Ye dirty diggi^ ;*' 
frequently used among schoolboys ; Boxb. 

C. Bw dwgtM denotes a tmU, a drab ; in pL dugod, 

DI6NE, adj. Worthy. V. Ding. 

To DIGNOSCE, v. a. To distinguish ; Lat. 


*' Who saU haue power to dignoace and tak cogni- 
tioune whidder the same fallis within the said aet off 
pacificatioune," fto. Acts Cha. L, Ed. 1814, V. 342. 

DIKE, DTK, «• 1. A wall, whether of turf 
or stone, S. 

" The Gentlemen haTO braun to inclose with jtone 
dyies or walla.** P. Craig; Arfars. Stat. Ace., ii. 498. 

"Murus ille lapidens — accolisque Anglis et Scotia 
dicitur GrimUdike." Ford. Scotichron., Introd. p. 28. 

** Long e*er the De'el lye dead bv the diise side ;" 8. 
Pkov. ; ** spoken when we are told that some wioked 
person is like to die.** Kelly, p. 230. 

Tent, dgck, agger ; Heb. pHf ddeib, antemurale. . 

2. Among coal-miners, a vein of whtnstonef tra- 
versing the strata of cool ; often also called 
a trouble. 

" These dylet are sometimes obserred npon the but* 
fsce of the earth, from which they sink down to an un- 
fathomable depth.** P. Campsie, Stirlings. SUtist. 






ti A ^Bldi I ■■ in E. alUiou^ not absoleto. 

IMi ofwr ilw fo«k to to ilw (ffft b« ML 

iFflitoM, vL an. Ma 

1d ptriMM b« ooofidflnd m diihrait wonU. 
la&or «n thoo be idto in this hrfo, Mt to thy 
to ft ipade^ or alioiMlIt And dig tfjfkuy Rollock 
CB 1 TlMLa p^ 190l 

••Om kM|^ thMpeoriioltor dimilylcf <if itpiMM 
Qftd Ihtw iuMM BO other tmde) and be ay doing mmm- 
lhi«i.'* Ibid..p.2Dl. 

Dnr RAHE DTKE, a wall built without mortar. 

Fail dtxs, «. A wall of torf, S. 

DnciEy a. A low or little wall; or, perhaps ra- 
ther a small ditch, Aberd. Hence the 
metaph. bat nnf eeling phrase. 

To LOUF the Dtkie, to die, ibid. 

To Dtk^v. o. 1* To inclose with ramparto or 


-»Wllh an mjdit fhal ka mfdit get 
lb tte toane ana anege tet ; 
And gert M thaim la atalwaitiy. 
Ttoa qaUIIthaim Mit thar to ly, 
Ikal aold ftr ovt tiia tiaistor be. 

Aartonr, zva S71« MS. 

t. To sanonnd with a stone wall, S. 

Ha say eanaa twaor thra of hia niebtbouia— cum 
Jnatlie toind the aamin, and thairefter laid and 
the todia noon the gnmnd of the landia ^nhur 
Hmj mw^ and dice and nark the aamin anrebe and 
bn name aikkariicL qobill the fint day of November, 
eaffiUrotoffwwwan.*' A. 1656,Balfonr*aPtact.,p. 145. 

DrKS^LOUPOi^ »• 1. Primarily applied to 
cattle^ that cannot be kept withm walls or 
fences, S. 

S« transferred to loose or immoral cimduct. 

I aaa to lonpad, that the old Seesion recoida ef the 
paiidh of Hdbkiik take notice of a femato who waa 
eHMBonly known by the mubriquei of Beny Lcmp^ke" 
Dgtm; nod who ia laid to have been brooght Mora 
tfcie SeaHoa tor having been goilty of * * 


9. 1. A beast that trans- 
gresses all fences, S. 

L A person giren to immoral conduct, Rozb. 

9. A person whose employ- 
it is to build inclosurte of stone, generally 
without lime ; often called a dry^iker^ S. 

*«lkn di^t aa he ia called, seto from L.2 to L.3 

), and aoBM timea more, n>r 3 raontha in Snm- 

P. Tarland, Aberd. Stotiat. Ace, vi. 200. 

jaaen for jodgeinff Elixabetb Crafford— 

Goi^and apoua to Thomaa Johnatonn dyker^ 

gnilty of the abhominable cryme of witdi- 

Aeto Gha. IL, Ed. ISli, VH m 

To DIKE, «• n* To di^, to pick ; applied to 
that kind of digging m which it is required 
to make only a small hole ; as, ^ to dik9 a 
bunbee-byke f also, to dike cutj as, ** to dike 
auf the een,** to pick the eyes out ; Soxb. 

Bat the Herooe who flappyt, and the Herone echo flew. 
And Mho dabbit the Ujir mayde bUk and blowe ; 
And ■cho pykkit the fleehe tn hirre bonny bceiit-bene ; 
And leho aukkU auU hiire deir blewe ene. 

Wini, M% Tcdeg, H 71. 
Tent, tfydb-cn, fodera. 

To DILATE, V. a. Legally to accuse. V. 

DiUkTOR, «. An informer; the same with 

Delator^ q. y. 

— "The ane halff to onr aonerane lordia tbo, and the 
Tther halff to the MDprehendar and dibUor/' Ao. Acta 
Ja. VL, 1507, Ed. 1814, p. 427. 

DILATOB, 9. A delay; an old foransic 

"The anawer he reoetred from the town waa a di- 
lator, till the atate, which within a few dm waa to 
meet, did oonaider of hia demanda." Baillie a Lett, i. 

L. B. dUcUcane, to delay ; differe, moram tezere ; Dn 

DILATOURE, Dtultoub, adj. Having 
the power to cause delay. 

*' And ryehtiwa to bane power to call the aaid apnl- 
jnttr befoir the achiref, and that thair lall be na ezcep- 
tionn dUaUmrt admittit agane that ennunoandia, it 
beand bmehfallia indoraat?' Aetata. IV., 1503, Ed. 
1066, o. 00. In pL dydUoaHt, Ed. 1814, p. 242. 

DILDERMOT, «. An obstacle, a great diffi 
culty, Ajrrs. 

Perhapa of OaeL oriffin, aa dolidh and doOdr ngmfy 
difficult, and doUidh danutte. Bnt the laat lyUabte 
eeema to claim a Goth, afiuiity ; mof, oonventua, Isl. 
dalilMr, occnltataa, q. a aecret meeting ; or from if r«/- 
ia, pret. dvaUe, cunctari, q. " a meeting which caoaed 
deUy f ' 

DTTjTP, 9. A lecacy, Perths. This is merely 
Gael, diolabf icL 

To DILL, V. a. To conceal ; Calland. A. 8. 
P. Introd. p. 13. 

laL dytl^a, Sn.-0. doel^ ant. dffy^t, A.-S. dUfd-an, 
oocttltare ; Alem. tougala, alM^ m aoagli, dam. 

To DILL, V. a. To still, to calm, to mitigate. 

My date in den hot gif thow diZI, 
Ikmtleei hot drsid I dL 

SannaiynM Poems, p. 9S, it 1. 

The lenae, according to Lord Bailee, ia: — " Unlcea 
thon share my eecrete woe." What hiM misled thie 
learned writer* is the nse of two words, bearing a re- 
aemblance, in at. 5 and 15. He riews diU aa eqoiva- 
Int to daiU, deiO, share. Hakyne indeed says :— 

Sea God sendii bate for bafll, 

Aod for mnming remeid, 
I dem with th ^Tbot ffif I <fai27, 

Dowbtles I am bet deid. 

Bnt it ia evident that here she in some degree oaiodiee 
her former language, which waa siK>ken in aerision. 
The eense given in the Eveig. Note, ia therefore nearer 
the mark, " to atill, calm, or mitigate.** , 

From the latter we may perfaaos deduce *' dilling, a 
darling, or best beloved cnild,*' mentioned by Kay 
among South and Eaat Country words, p. 05. 

Aa to the v. DUl, it mav be observed, that ite sense, 
aa above expL, is retained iu provincial language. A. 
Bor. "fo aid, to eoothe^ blunt, or ailence pain or 
aonnd f* Groee. 




Tht Ira 9mmM derived from A.49. dUg-km, Tmt. 
ifl |p* ii i> dabra } or iiL dUi-a, UUoy niitrioom inora in* 
JMtflww oeoiBn% to ■lag Inlkby, 

To Dill Dowk, v. n. To sabude, to oeaae^ 
to die awaj* 

**Tlit BoiM of tho Qaaen'a voy^ to Franoo haa 
4Ukidomn; ao monay for har farnitura will ba eat in 
kMla t and tha Caidmal haa no will of har OMthar.'* 
Bafllia'a Latt, L 852. 

U. dMoM, lataia. It aaama, indaad, to hava Oa 
aasM origin witii Dill. 

DILLAOATE, Delaoat, ». The proWn- 
cial oorraptioa of £• delicaUf as signifying 
a dabUy^ Fife. 

Tha mataat diBaMtfa ava* 
Waa MDdaUa fkM wi' baeoB, ftdL 


DILLOW, 9. A noisy qoarrel; as, «" What 
ajereat diUow thai twa mak,^ Teviotdale. 

In. deila^ diaMoaaa ; d^Ua, Ban. defter, litigare^ al* 
taroariy dmiimarn, oontantioaaai g jam ainiif ying aagar ; 
8a.-0. tiefa/lu. '•-•-• 

To DILLY-DALLY, v. n. To trifle, to 
qiend time idly, Fife. 

VMk dm^ faholari, gairifa inatar maliamm; Ki- 
Gann. aal-<S| nnnri ; inaptira. Tha 'Ei t. t9 

4a% ■nut ha traoad to tlM aama origin. 

DILLY, DiLLT-CASTLE, 9. A name applied 

by boys to a small mound of sand on the 

. sea shore, on which they stand at the influx 

of the tide, until they are dboossessed of it 

by the waves demolishing it, Meams. 

AOiad parhana to A.^. d^fe; dVd; aacratna. Sa.4}. 
dndjm, uMaSLj df^g^L. oocoltara; q. a hiding^plaea. 

DILLY-DAW,s« One who is both slow and 
slovenly, Fife. 

••TIma tnnuBg to Lord Glanlar% ha addad, 'Ov 
Jaan'b thinkin^tha anld by-wofd ' :— 
Kaka Sabbath a diiBfri^N0L"* 

aanm cmd OatL L 4/k 

** An no a nan that'a naar mywl ;— an* ia it no anger- 
ooaa to aaa har lika a diHjf daw, an' bita o' oreatoxva, 
thai aha ooald kaap at her firedda, bitaket up lika 
flandan babiea f Ibid. iii. 60. 

Dflhf ia moat mobabi J from laL diff-o, laUo, rafemd 
to wtOm Ta im^ V. S. whence diUUdoo, am^ezatio^ 6. 
Andr.,p.4a It would aeem to have originiaiy denoted 
ana wh ohaa been apoiled bj fondling or indnlgenoe ; 
fika Oa tona dUimg, mentioned aboTe, which^notea 
adariiag. Tha word, howerer, might admit of a differ- 
ed maamag. Tent. iliUe ia mvenV Kilian aa aynon. 
^th Mwey^ gamda, lingolaca, mulier dicax ; and 
dmUm ^ with Mopp-en, klappeg'tn, garrire inatar mnli- 
OfUL Thna iliffy^w migtit mean a talkative aloTen. 
Birt I prefer the foVmer etymon. V. Daw, which it- 
self daaolea a alattarn. 

DILP,#. A trollop, a skttem,' S, B. 

^ I am that bat fpianiag IH nevw be bmw, 
BatgMbjthaaanieof lkas(|iorada. . 

amg, Rm'MSeUnan^ pi 131 
Ymam Bmb waa her mammie's ae dother. 
------arfflpncrada. • ' 

J am iu on's Poptdmr Baft, L »4. 

8w. toeipf an awkward fellow, a ebwn ; U. damdm 
doppti^ f oamalla ignava ; Tent, dwaep, fatana. 

DILSER, 8. The Rock or Field lark, Akuda 
campestris, Linn., Meams. 

^ It ia anppoaed to receive thia name from ita frequen- 
ting rocka on the aea-ahore, and feeding on tha aea-lioe 
among the Ditse or Dulae. 

DDC, «. The head of the dim, midnight, Shetl. 

IbL dimma, tenebraa, caligo^ ai dimma^ tanabreaoare. 
iim, dym, tenebroaoa. 

To DIMTT, V. n. To pass into, to terminate. 

**Th«t he ma^jT not lead the water of hia own land 
into the pablio nver of Tweed, whoee uae ia common, 
and which dimiU in the aaa which ia tha latrona and 
raceptaole of the aniverse, ia taaiMlJteai." Foontainh. 
SoppL Dec. p. 203. 

Lat. dtmicAere^ to oeaae ; alao^ to let paia. 

To DIN, DYN, V. n. 1. To make a noise. 

Than djfnairf tha Daeigh ia aagir and yre. 

Oawim atid OoL^ L 7. 

2. To resound. 

— In tin hyi malancolv. 
With a troanaoim in till iiyi new 
Ta 8ch jr OolTno tic duache he gewe. 
That he d^nii on hia arwon. 

Bar^omr, xvi. 181, MS. 

A.-S. ifjfir-aii, IbL ^fjfn-ia^ tonare^ intonara. 

DIN, adv. Dun, of a tawny colour, S. 

"If it be anaila and pnddocka they eat, I canna bat 
aay he ia like hia meat ; aa if in aa a aocken, an' aa dry 
aa a Fintnim apeldin.*' Saxon and Qael, L 107. 

C Bw d|f, Armor, diu, Jr. dunn, id. 

The Scottiah language often changea u into i ; aa bill 
for Ml, pit for ptU (Lat ponere), nii for nui^ Ac 

DINE, «. Dinner. 

We twa haa paidlet i' the bum, 

IVaa moram ton till dine : 
Bat leaa between as bnud hae roai^d 

Bin aaU laag oyna. 

Ihtmf , iv. 12SL ^ 

I formerly left oat thia word, from tha idea that it 
had been aaad by Bania merely melri eauto. Bat I 
have ainca obeerved that it waa m aae before hia time. 

The king^ bat and hia nobles a' 

Sat dnnking at tha wine ; 
He would ha' nana bat his ae daughter. 

To wait on them at tfyiM. Broim RohUu 

O by there came a haiper flue. 
That harped to the kii^ at di'na. 

V. Ritaon'a Scot. Songs, Glosa. and Correctiona. 
Thia term ia atiU uaedby old people in TAn»fc^ , ^ad 
O. Fr. dme, repaa que Ton prend 4 midi ; Boqaef. 

To DING, V. a. 1. To drive, S. 

Slclyk the Trojans with thidr knychte stnag 
The valiant Qreiks furth fne thair ruins ddng, 

BeUemL Vertue and Vjfce^ £verg, L 46b 

2. To exert one's self, to expend force in 

For thow war better beir of stone the barrow. 
Of sueitand, ding and delffe quhill thow may dre, 
Na be^nachit with a wicket marrow. 

BenrgtonM, Bannatgne Poewu, p. 122, st L 

ia. Drive on in delving, do it with force, till thoa 

haat Boffered from tlm exertion. 




& To boat, tD ftrike ; 

1WI htmd hbOt imia hTm, and wowadjt san 
b4» tht «foht» or aa¥ eovkh dftwa 

iryiiiDiiii^ tU. 0i sn. 

m]b ^ii ngiom h an* emea of staius liaiid to* 
fUdfar fai itiitr ol ano arona, and ryngia (quhon th»y 
m4mm§) m ana beU." BeUand. Dmcf. AIK, e. 10. 

**Ho tbat 4cMg ana priaal auld want hia hand.** 
BJ miJ, Onib.» & is. a 14. Saoeidotem manu wr* 

4. To itrike hj piercing. 

''Skanfio war thir womdia aaid qohen acho^ in pro- 
MBOO ol tho papOl, or thay mycht adnert, dang hir self 
vM OBo dajnr to tho hart, and fall down deid afora 
thopapilL'' BaDend.Croo., 0.29. Cnltmm— 
iBoarS^git. Boath. 

5. To loonrg^ to flog. 

"^Oif tho aamaad haa no gndia» ho aal bo dmmgin 
«pUio aft tho moroat erooa, and throw tha towno.*' 
ioli J*. L, 1496^0. 8S. Edit 1968,0. 75, Monmy. 

**— -Ihair iathan or maiatara aall pay for ilk one of 
IhaBM^ ilk ^jmo ooounittinff ony of tba aaid treapaaaia 
tnirBaid» ziii. a. iiii. d., or ab dolinor the aaid childo to 
tho Jvn to bo laiohi^ acaigit and dung, according to 
«Mfi2l.* Acta Ja. IV.» lAa, o. 103. Edit. 15(3$ c 
9K M«f»y. 

& <*To anash, beat to powder," Aberd. GL 

7. To ov e rcome^ S., like K hwL The word 
k used with respect to broik. Dung^ over- 
powered bj fatigue, infirmity, or disease, S. 

JohOp aair dung, hla bani-don ^laelcn 

F9rgm$mm*9 PoenUf IL 6& 

Tho* Jeiata ba atifl^ aa ony rang, 
Tov pith wf jMmi,-ba aairiy dung, 
Ba yon In caOar watar flnag,^ 
Tral BMka ya anppla, awack and yo< 

8. To excel, S. 



_ tha laaata a' aha bun the ball ; 
--• Tha BBodaat glmfwia o' bar ain 
Ikr dbiif tha bfi^taat baantiat o' iha graen. 


"Ho Ajfs or dtmg^ ia a phraaa which maana to ox- 
fld.» BoBMoy'a Poonia» i 216^ N. 

9. To discourage, S. B. 

B ia oy pBod too ohfld, that ia diapirited in oonaa- 
^pMBoa of aavaiitj* 

**ll 10 o aair dimg bairn that dara not graat ;" For- 
fHaon'b 8. ProT., p. 22. 

Hanb howoTor, it nay aignify, boatan. 

10. To Dnro of, v. a. To drive or knock off, 
& Y.Daooff. 

11. To Dnro haekf to beat back ; applied to a 
state of warfare. 

'^Bntoll thtr argomonta miagaTa thia nobia marqnia ; 
for tto oaria oomo in, and wera dung hack acain, and 
Mflh aa ha tniatod in deoairad him, and flod too canao, 
and kft hia in tho mira, aa ya ahall hear. Othera aay 
tbof wm not dkay 6ad!^ bnt locallad.** Spalding^ u. 

12. To Dnro iv, V. a. 1.) To thrust aside, 
to displace, AbenL 

B*) Toaataaido, to diaeaid, to anpotaado, ibid. 

t.) To ndnoo to a atato of inability or dla(|Qaliil- 
aatioa i to bo fmatratad, hj aomo intonraning oinnim* 
ataaoaai aa to thoaoooaapliahmant of ono'a purpoao ; ai^ 
"I m aant to hao gana to aoa my frienda m tbo conn* 
try, bat aomathing cam in tho gaiL aao that I waa 
dung Mrs. 

4.) Tb bring on bad health, by impnident oxartioii. 
To be dung 6y, to ba oonfinad by aomo ailment^ Abard. 

13. To Dnro daum, to oyerthrow, S. 

The toon 
Waa takyo thna, and donggn dotm, 

Aubour, Is. 47S| M& 

And laftiU li tt vat of athir Kyng 
Tha ratinaw in oatall doun to dyng, 

Doug, VirgO^ 817. IS. Endndara, Tlig. 

— ««- Tha bona on apait hnrlia doan tha bank— 
l^piM dingand oomaa, all tha plauch labor atania. 


*'It ia a aair field whora a* ia dung down/* Far- 
gnaaon'a S. Pror., p. 22. 

14. To DiNO in, to drive in, S. 

"Tho canaawav waa railod frao tha Kathorbow to 
the Stinkinff Stylo, with atakaa of timber dung in the 
end, on both aidea, yet ao that people atanding withont 
the aamanmii^taea well enottn^" Spalding'aXronbloi^ 
1. 25* 

In tho Gloaa. to Spaldinj^ it ia randand improporly, 
as would aeanip " bant in.*^ 

15. To DiNO off, or aff, to drive from. 

— - QnhUk. manfully lehapa thalm to with stand 
At tba ooiat ayda, and ding thajm qfibo land. 
That on na wyaa than thay sold anina. 

Dong. Virga, 926.9. P^Uo^ Vfag. 

Tha carlin aha was staik and store. 
She t^f tha hinges <f on^ tha dors ; 
•< O la yoor bairn to laird or loon. 
Or Is it to yoor fisthar's groomT *' 

Mindnltg BonUr,iLm. 

16. To DiKO on, to attack with violence, to 
ftrike with force in battle. 

Than thai, that saw sna aodanly 
Thair iisTis dung on thaim, war sa nd, 
That thttna hart to help thaim had. 

Bartoiir, zKv. 4S9, MS. 

It alao aignifiea to nige, to oraaa. 

"Whan tho aigna waa offered to him [Abas] bo 
laaiah, and dung on him, bee would not brae it^ hot 
ho oniat it off ba ana ahift." Bnico'a Eleven Sorm. E. 

17. To DiNO ouer\ to overturn, to overthrow, 
S.; also signifies to overcome, S. B. 

Then AJaz, wha alaaa cainstood 

Oods, TroganiL sword and fire. 
See him that eucma ba o'erooma 

Dung o'er by Us ain irs. 

Pstais in the Buehan Dialed^ p. 88. 

18. To Dnro out, to expeL 

" Sen the Britonia war common annymea baith to 
Soottia and Pichtis|, force ia to thavm to be reoonaeld 
[reconciled] or ellia to be achamfuUy doung mU cMf 
Albion.** Bellend. Cron., B. 1. FoL f. a. 

** Ye may drive tho de'il into a wife^ bat yell no*er 
ifijMT him OKI of her ; " Bamaay'a S. Ptot., p. 80. 

To ding out tke hotiom of any thing; to make an and 
of it^ S. ; a metaph. borrowed from the work of a 
cooper , or perhapa of a tinker. 

<^I am hopeful that the botiom of their pbto ahaU 
bo dam^ OHi.'^ Baillie'a Lett, ii. 68. 

^ t 


[nr] DiK 

19* To DiKO throw, to piercOi to run through 
the body. 

" At ImI king Edward take lio displeteir agmnia thia 
Haltana hta brothir (because he brint the kirk of Sanct 
Bate with ane thoiiiand penonia in it) that he dang 
hjm throw the body with ane iwerd afore the alter of 
BaaeteJohne." Bellend. Cron., B. zv. c. 9. 

to. To Dnro to dede^ to kill with repeated 

Boae entrit thai qvbar Sotheroane slopand war, 
ApoB thalm wt with strakis sad and sar : 
FeiU fteUs thar thai freiis daii«rlo ilftis. 

WaWue^ TiL 485, US. 

U. dbcn^r-lok Sa.«0. daeng-a, A.-S. deneg-an, ton- 
den^ to beat ; Belg. dwhtg-tn, CQgere, to constrain, to 

oompeL Perfaape radically allied to Heb. nn, doohh, 

tendece, ocntondere. Ir. dmg-im, Gael, drng^am, to 
pras, to drive. 

J)hig oocon in O. E.; bat it does not aeem to be 
vaed by modem writers. It is mentioned by Ray aa a 
wonnoial tenn. In P. Plowman it has the sense of 
■ f io c» , tfrwCa 

I am Ghilstss ersatore, qnod he, Ic christen in many a place ; 
In Ghristes oonrt I know wel, Ic of his kin a party ; 
Is nsither Peter the porter, ne Poole with bis faucheon. 
That wiU defends me the acre, ding I nener so Ute. 
At midnight, at middays, my voyce is so knows, 
That seh a creators of his oooit welcometh ms fair. 


tl. To DiKO lip, to break .up, to force open. 

"At the Indffinga choeen men were pUntit to ding 
i» doirsi, and bring oat priaoneris." Hist. Jamea the 
Sat, p. 147. 

[Dnro, «• A knock, a blow ; as, <* He gat a 
ding on the head,** Clydes.] 

To DiKO, V. fi. 1. To drive. 

T he hale schoors hoppis and dingis 
In ftndis sdhald, and brayis here and thaie, 
Qohen tmblit bene the henynnis and the are. 

Z>MV. Virga, 802. 8. 

..*!!• J?"**^ phTMO 18 aynon., to ding an, need 
•uplicallT; Ifs dingin on. This respects a fall of 
nin. ball, or mow, S. Hence on-cfiny, s. having the 
' Bignificatioii, 8. B. 

S* To ding down^ to descend, to falL 

AD fimntains from ths eirth npsprang, 
And from the henin the rain aoun dang 
Foutie dajrs and foortie nichtis. 

LgndMg*i Monarchy, 1692, p. 40. 

Here it aeena to signify falling with violence, or aa 
eqanraleat to d»ng on. 

8. To piKO on. It is used impersonallj, and 
applied to rain, hail, or snow; as, "Its 
dinghf on,*' or « dingin' on o* weet," S. 

M^n^V^ the 8d of October in the afternoon there 
fcU out m Mnrray a great rain, dinging on night and 
day without deanmf np whUe the 13th of October ; 
wMen and burns flowed over bank and brae, com 
"™ S5 "!J^ *^?^ washen down, houses, kills. 
eoCti» folda, Ac. aU destroyed." Siding, Tib. 

To pnco on/i self, to vex one's self about any 
thing, South of S., Loth. ^ 

Dnro-DANO, adv. This is used differently 
from E. dinging. 1. It denotes rapid 
▼OL. a 

— Ijpny the, beoand vp my handis,-— 
And be thv wslebekrait Ikder eUng, 

DongrVirga, 17«L la 

succession, one on the heels of another; as, 
^They cam in ding dang^ S. 

^*Ding-damg, one thing eoming hastily on the back 
of another." GL Picken. 

2. Pell-mell, helter-skelter, in confusion ; as, 
« Thej f aucht ding-dang,'' S. 

Dmg^oUmg ia used by Shakeepear; but only in a 
Unuted aenae^ aa denoting the sound made by the 
motikm of a beU. The term baa a far more gennnl 
apnucation in 8. 

It ia evidently from the ▼. io Ding, aa signifying 
to strike ; and moat therefore be viewed aa radically 
different from 6tt.-G. dingl-dangL V. Durout-DAiroLB. 

DING, Bar. xi. 615, Pink. Ed. V* Anbdwo. 
DING, DiONE, adj. Worthj. 

prsy the, beoand vp my haL 
be thy wslebeloait Cvler dit 

Fr. digne, from Lat. dign-u$. 

To DINGLE, V. n. To draw together, to 
gather, Gypsy language, Fife. 

It might seem, however, to be allied to IsL dgngia, 
a heap^ or dingl^ to be moved, to be in a penduloaa 
state. ' 

DnroLE, $. The state of being gathered to- 
gether, a group, Fife. 

2be grsy gndeman raught down the Beak. 
The cat sat cranin* r the nenk 
While we crsp roond in canty dingU, 
Toastin' our taes at blsezin ingle. M& P^em. 

DINGLE-DANGLE, od;. Moving back- 
wards and forwards. The word would 
seem to have formerly borne this sense in 
S., as it is used by Urquhart, who loses no 
opportunity of paying respect to his native 

"At thia dingk'dangle wagging of my tub what 

>dof Ribels- ** •• 
re. baa embodi( 

, ^tangle wa^ng of m^ 
would you have me to do?'* Rabelais, B. iiL, p. 11. 
Mr. Todd, I observe, baa embodied this in the E. 

Su.-0. dm^-dangi, id. This ia formed from dmgU^ 
to dangle. De rebus pendulia et huo iUuo pendentibua. 
Ihre, vo. Hek-Ibuik. 

DiNO-ME-YAVEL, lay me flat, Aberd. V. 

DINGLEDOUSDE, s. A stick ignited at 
one end ; foolishly given as a pbything to 
a child; Dumfr. 

Perhaps from Dan. dingl-er, Su..O. dingi-a^ to swing, 
to toes to and fro ; and dusig, diazy, aa alluding to ono 
who 18 swung till he becomes giddy. Or thero may be 
an allusion to the motion of wiU T the witp, which 
Teut. is denominated dwaea4ieht^ A.-3. dwaoMhi: 
dwaes, fatuua. 

To DINGYIE, V. a. To deign. 

— ^'The hut duck of Somerset— became so eald ia 
heniig Qodis word, that the yeir befoir hia last apor^- 
henaioun, hie wald ga visit his masonis, and wald not 
dtnggte himself to ga from his jallerie to his hall for 
henng of a sermone. *• Knox's Lett, to the Faithful in 
London, Life, i. 390. 





OINK» Dtmk, Dbmk, adj. 1. Neat, trim, S. 

Iki tauM BOM. M* ^ak •■& Oill of pnd* 

"^A Awi> naidiii, » diity wife;" RAmsay'a 8. 
Pfeor. This iMni to ligiiify thai tboM who are ▼my 
■iM biftm ittARiaga^ often beoome elovene after it. 

1 RMiaep imc7, Fife. 

A^ tefrM 4ortr» doD, or tfitO^ 

aSbbb viewB tliie M ft eorr. abbceTiatloa of (ieel«ii, 

«eM. Aim. dm, mtty, and Alem. diiii^, gay, 

*«o«MonlywoHa I haTO met with wluoh have any 

ToDniK, V. a. To deck, to dress neatly, often 
with the jMvp. out or ^ subjoined, S. 

b tnw Iaatfa« boola. ihinin' black M the ilae, 

I4Mametotiytheiidin*o*t _ ,^, ,^ 

it. SegitsFoemt, 1811, ^ 182. 

**To say slaod thece,-4iinl»l aui and diahed forth 
awiDt^KBOiithfoiitoeoaiogomena.'' Blaokw. Mag., 

Now. the aaft maid, whaaa yleldiB' heart, 
<r hive'a keen flame haa drmd the mart, 
•Baekaa, I trow, hv want o* reit, 
SttfMbharoirfbia'herbML «_ , -^ 

. How, my wmbeok, whatever hetide, 

Then e'en mann Dmo the warid wMe ; 
^lNnl^4 «9 In hamely xnoet claes. 
Then now moat DMse thy friends and fiMa. 


DnrKBT, pofL p€u Finely dressed, Ang. 
DiMUT, ad9. Neatly. 

Anr itaad aae cKnJUy. mak and ille, 

it €haonMiif9 Foemi, pi 188. 

To DINLE,.DiNNLE, Dtnlb, v. n. 1. To 
tcemble, to shake, S. 

The lane an did relrdlog with the inaehe, 
~~ ~ ' I d^nlil and alldoim can doache. 

Deiy. Ftfpil, 840. 8a 

W# wy, Tle/bof^a dynkmd, to denote the qnick^ 
lii^iagoocaaaQiied by a itroke, or the fall of any heavy 

•^^Ihe pioad etep ol tiie chief piper of the eAAnn Jfoc. 
/tor waepeiambalating the conrt before the door of 
Ui ehkflain's qnartera, and aa Mra. flockhart, ap- 

IHwtly no fWmid to hie ininatrely, waa pleaaed to 

,^ • gtfring the veiy atane ana lime wa*8 dinnle 

wf Ui ■moehing.'' Waveriey, it 818. 

A. Bor* dMU, **to reel or atagger from a bhyw,' 
aoHW offginaUy the aame word. 

t. To make a great noise. This at least 
i^ipears to be the meaning in the following 

The biimand towria doon lollls with ana naehe, 
QahA an the henynnyi djtnUi with tbe dnsehe. 
^^ / / ifa.,»aL86u Tonat,Virg. 

The ^Unljn drwna abtfm ov eara, 
'^-••-^•^^ ^'^aman'eP^ ii 28. 

To thrill, to tingle. Myfingirt are dj/n- 
landf they tingle with cold, or in conse- 
quence of a blow, S. 

The aotea hia inar fMins woond ; 
An' diaoonl, dimUm thro' hla head, 
Stiikea Itttla wubler maiatlie dead. 

In this aenee it ie ■ymm. with dlrfo. 

Periume from laL dmi^ tanare ; or rathe.- Belg. 
linle^ai, to tingle. Iffn vmger§ tkdekn. my fingera 
ting^l SeweL 

To DiNLE, DiNNLB, V. a. To produce a 
tremolons motion; as, ^Dinna dinnle the 
table,- S. 

DiNLE, 8. 1. Vibration, S. 

2. A slight noise about any thinff, a yagne re- 
por^B. B.; perhaps q., a Hngling sound. 

3. A slight and temporary sensation of pain, 
similar to that caused by a stroke on the 
elbow, S. 

4. A slight sprain, Roxb. 

5. Thrilling sensation, as applied to the 
mind, S. 


Ano aye thinks aS the fint ditude & the aentenoe,, 
thoy hae heart anengh to die rather than bide oat the 
aax weeke, but they i^ bide the aax weeka oat for a 
that" HeartBLLotiL,iL311. 

DINMONT, Dddcbnt, Dilmond, #. " A 
wedder in the second year, or rather from 
the first to the second shearing;'' Gl. 
Sibb. Thb is pronounced dummaiw^Tweedd. 
dftnmoUt Berw. 

**T1mn the laif ol ther fat flokkis foQooit on the 
fellis baytht yooia and lammia, kebbia and dailia, 

Slmyra and <li/mo«iiiib and mony hemeiat hog." 
■npL 8., p. 103. . . . . *L 

"Thera aro two dilferent agea at which they are 
aold; the firat when they are 18 months old, after the 
fint fleece ia taken oft, when they are caUed dunmotU, 
atwhichtime^theyaaaaUyeeUatfrom21a.to34a.'' P. 

Bonkle, Berw. Statiat Aec, iii. 155. 

" Qnaa. toimumeff, or twohnonda," OL CompL 

Dr WalkerezpL "jDiainaa, caatratoa tnmoa, Scot" 
Le. of the CAinf year. Bmayaon Nat Hiat, p. 522. 

Probably the moat ooiroct orthography la that of 
dunmofU, which occara in our parliamentaiy reguter. 

••Item, Gymmer, J>0immU, or Oaitia, ilk ane to 
xijd." Acto Ja. L, 1424, Ed. 1814, p. 4. Dunmimcf, 
Ed. 1668. 

DINNA, do not, 84 the imperat conjoined 
with the negatiye particle. 

••Daima be chappit bock or caat down wi' the fint 
rooffh anawer." Heart of M. Loth., iii. 278. 
iSmcaah. ••dwrnaiB^ donot;'* Tim Bobbina. 

DINNAQUDE, Do-kab-oude, #. A disre- 

Eutable person, one of whom there is no 
ope that he will ever do good^ Roxb. 

DiNKAGOOD, adj. Worthless, in a moral 
sense, ib. 

<«Sae yehaena heaido'hiaahamefa'oonnectionwi' 
the bit prodigal, dimiagood laaaie, that waa hero!' 
Brownie of Bodabeck, ii. 163. 




DINNEN SKATE, the ypniig, as is sup- 
posedt of the Baia Batis, laniu 

«Ibd by <mr fiihen,) which IS Imm Mid HBOOlli IB the 

• • " fiibh. FSfab p. ua 

To DINNER, V. n. To dine, S^ more com- 
manlj Dinner, 

KwyiriisiKiMMr^rf— wnr piu i j' ahagiMt 
Voor good lordf, and thrao hoony ladiei» 
A' to dinmtr on oar BmtfB hamm, 

DINNOUS, od;. Noisj, f rem E. <Km 

*'TsVo hftodin' up your tiIo dbmam gonvioh i' the 
mkb here, it the Tei» oimwe eeime get •leepin','* fte. 
Sunt P^tnek, ii. 857. 

DINSOME, a<{>. The same with IKfifiotis,S. 

— Btodk ind etaddie ling ind led. 


DINT, «• An opportnnitj. A Hown dbu^ an 
opportnnitj as it were stolen, S. 

**8towii dbUB are sweeteet;" JLumufu & Fkor., 

Tlial lad I Ukod ehoon ooj ano, 

It, for a' tiiat'a 
Aad hoot to tin for fear I lort the hiet. 

Aad like him yet. for 


8ae that I ee htan hadna atoal'd a if t«l 

itoffV ffdtttert, p, 108. 

This aeems merely en oblique eenee of the wofd aa 
praperly denoting a atroke, which ia the E. aignificn- 
MMB, iran A.-S. dynif ictna. 

DINT, s. Affection. Y • Dent. 

DIFIN, s. .1. A part of a herring-net, 
Aigjrlls.; OaeL ifiptfin, a net. 

**Iteni, taken be the aaid Mllforie from Jamee 
Bofll feciyer at Caillintraive^ aex herring neto with aez 
dffafo^ extending both to 80 IK** Depred. Argyll, A. 

>• The bag of a sahnon-net. Loth. 

DIPPEN, #. ** The stairs at a river side ; " 
GL Picken, S. O4 perhaps, q. steps for dip- 
omcr, or the place where wcnnen dip their 
onckets to bnng np water. 

DIPPING, s. The name ^ven to a com- 
position of boiled oil and grease, nsed bj 
carriers for softening leather, and making 
it more fit for resisting dampness, S. 

DIRA. Given as not understood in Gl. 

Bot yit the neBatralUi and the baiidii^ 
Thab trowaod to obtoee rawardis. 
About hli Indgane londUe played ; 
Bot menatrallis, Mrrinc man, and maid. 
Gat Mitchell in aa aula pocke nncka. 
Sate dim adaw hia leiTC ha tnick. 
t^, Ufpk Si, An^bvUf JHMmi Xtk CmL, p. S29-30L 

IhiM, midottbtedly meant ee a aort of French 
**Aive dka adew," aeema eqniTalent to "without My- 
img adiea}** aa we now aay, *'He took a French 

DIBD, s. A deed, an achievement ; gener- 
ally nsed ironically, S. B.; as. That U a 
mightjf dird. 

The Sunooa Hector did na care 

A doit for a' your dird; 
Bat my wylaa. an' Achillea' haada, 

Gen him atlnk in the yard. 

Abbrav. peihqpe from Tent. dagk'Vaerdt IsL dag/trd, 
a day'a kmrney ; in the aame manner aa dawerk^ S. 
dawrk^ aarg, from Tent, daph-werk, the work of a day ; 
laL dagifterk, dagmfrHa, id. It mnat be obeerved, 
h o werer , that Sn.-G. dfri denotea any thing of impor* 
tanoe; and dyrd^ iforj* 

DiRDUM, «. Deed, achievement, S.B. **A 
dirdum of that,** a mighty feat indeed I 
nsed ironically. 

A diitan if tnficai ya hna o* 

Doba on the Ttejan shore, 
Wr many ana to help you ; I 

Had just ana an' no morei 

FomM Ml tke Stidian DiaUd, pi SI 

This ia merely a dimin. from dkrd, 

Dirdum-Dabdum, «• A reduplicative term, 
nsed to denote one's contempt for an action 
which the agent seems to reckon of impor- 

He chedt a Sane aa did affair him ; 
The todar aaid, DMhm^darduwL 

Chr. Kirk, at 8. 

DIBD, s. A stroke, a blow, a box, Aberd. 

•He had ik'en a iwoon. 

His fjMe got sic a dird apo' the grotmd. 
An awftifhola was dung into his brow. 

Jtosf'a Jffilmortf pi 1& 

Tat when he did o' slaughter Toost. 

I kn'd hhn sic a dini, 
As laid him arselins on hia back. 

To wamble o' the yerd. 

FomM M the Buehan Dialed, p. 9. 

Bat keep me free yoor tm^ell'd birds 
Wha Dever anoa ken'd Fortone'e dirds. 
And only ken to gnap at words. 

Thia aeema to be a difierenttenn from Dird^ a deed; 
probably allied to Fr. dourd'er, to beat, to thump. 
Bibb., without reaaon, fiewa it aa nMlically the aame 

To DIRDOOSE, v. a. To thnmp, Aberd. 

A.-S. ^flr-toM, laedera, *' tohnrtor hanne, to annoy," 
Somner; and ffoeai; doffct^ tfascA, a atroke or blow. 
Some^ from the indelible recollcctiona of their early 
daya, might perhapa prefer laL dam, podez bidnnia. 

DIRDUM, DiRDor, Dirdam, «. 1. An 
uproar, a tumult, S. 

Than raia the meikle dirdmm and daray t 
The barmekin bint, thai enteiit in at laiga. 

Kinff BuH, iL S7. 
flha heard a' the dirdum and eqnaUia. 

Jamit$9m'» Popular BalL, i 899. 

*'Thero ia anch a dirdum foraooth for tiie loee off 

rir gear and meana ; the loaa of one aonl ia mora thaa 
hm up the fabric of the whole world." W. 
Onthrie'a »enn., p. 17. 

Durdam, a sreat noiae or atir, A. Bor., ia eyidently 
the aame word ; Gl. Oroae. Dordum ia uaed in the 
aame aenae ; *' A loud, oonfuaed, riotoua noise. North.** 
Ibid. C. Bw dowrd, aonitna, atrapitua ; Daviea. 

2. Damage, disagreeable consequences of any 
action or event. **To dree the dirdutn^ 




to fed tlie fatal effects, or to do penance ; 
cfiten to bear flerere reprehension, S. B. 

^IhSm is m waar dinUm than jn got tee Mr. Gnd- 
•jfll ahi y ftfr'd bm refuM to aat tSe plnmb-pAiridge 
T«b CTi^ M if it WOTB ocv matter to Qod or neo 
a plonghmui led eupped on minced pies or 
sl" Telee of my Landlord, ii. 165. 
ii»— SB evil elianoe ;** OL 
•^Vnpm waa dinimm ;" athreatentng oaed to dul- 
vMi tkejr 'are doing what is improper, Eoxb. 

Sw VnuioOf HI hunour, Perth^. 

QmL rflarJan, enriineii^ anger. 

1* A ffreat noise, Roxb., pron. Dirdam. 
^Ihmum, a lond, confosed, riotous noise, 
Nortli.'' Grose. 

5. Severe reprehension, act of scolding, S. 

**Uf ^rad ! bat she's no Uate to shew her noee 
I gi'ed her each t^dirdum the last time I got her 
in oor lanndxy, as might haa aerred her lor a 
Boath." FMfiooatTale 

lee, i. 280. 

8. It seems to signify a stroke or blow. 

"B mmw be eooM of yoa get a elaah of the 

thats a bnainaei I wamnd yon; a fair dirdim of 
lynigogne. But I tell you newa, Sin, the poor 
loot not an by that meana^" fto. Mich. Bruoe'a 

- - -' p. 14. 

7. It is nsed as if it had formerly been a per- 
sooal designation, denoting a female who 
had been Aghted by her lover. 

Bat to the Mdal I mU gang» 
AlthoBgh I'm sure I was nae bidden ; 

I earn nae thoogh they a' iboald ay, 
Umkt 88i^ ainL yonder oomei the dirdam, 

MtrdTs OoiL, ^ ti^ 

q. **ahe who dreea the dirdum^ or ezperi* 
tfs damage } wlm mnat wear the willow. ** V. 

^•.InpL JBrdunu^ ridicule, sneering, sco£Sng; 
sometimes disgustful slanderings ; Ayrs. 

Ai tide wwd, ia senae % denotee the diaagreeable 
ssBseoaenoe of any action or event, it deaenree to be 
i— I ■ ml, that it might aeem allied to Isl. rfyrcufom-r, 
a Jadieial sentence, properly one pronoonoed at the 
dMT or gate, Jndiciam ad f oree Tetemm ; or to dyri- 
dbsMV aztnmnm jodidnm ; HaldorMm. 

DntDY, s. An uproar; the same with 
JMrdam, q. y. 

BowefaiBBiple entraa 
Wail BIO than I teU ean. 
With skk adin and a dirdp,-^ 
Ika fblia all afleid war. 

CUMW^ iSw. F. L v.. 181 

DISEMFT, part. pa. Broken off; Lat. 

— "Bodotria and Olota,— anm doe contend, — ar said 
is be daariie dirtmpi on from the other, aa LeTinina 
and mote ar aoi." Fitaoottie'a Cron., Intr. zvii. 

DISK, adj. Thick-set Y.Durk. 
DIRK, s. A dagger. Y. Dubk. 
DISK, Dtbk, adj. Dark, obscure. 

Ibfow a djrrS gurth icho grdit him fturth &it 

WottoM^ L 857, Ma 

There itood ane dirt and profoand cane tui by. 
Ana hidduoua hole, depe gapaad and grrily. 

Dtmg. Yvia, l7L 23. JL-& deon. Id. 

To DIRK, V. ft. 

Their Setchin worda o'er late he leee. 
Ha tradgM bame, lepines, and diea. 
8le be their fa' wha dirk thirben 
In Uaekeit biuiiieii nae thar aia. 

F€rgu$tom'§ Poema, U. 86i 

Perhapa, who aa it were grope in the dark to the 
iBBer part of the house, from eagerneaa to pry into 

To Dibkik, V. n. 

Upon the Midramer ewin, mfarrieit of nichtia, 
I muvlt furth aUne, qnhen aa midnicbt was pait,— 
I drew in deme to tiie dyke to dirkin efltr muthia. • 

DuiAar, Maitiand Poemi, p. H. 

"To hide myeelf in obtoiriiv, after a merry day ;" 
Pink. K. It may sijgnif ▼, clandeetinery to aeek diTer- 
aion, to do ao^ q. m the dark, aa oorreaponding to 
deme which ia conjoined, and to the preoedmg v. 

To Dirkin, v. a. To darken. 

The dartls thtk and Iteand takUIia ^lidis, 

Aa doia the ■choora of anew, and with that tUcht 

Dirkjfnnyt the heuynnyi and the ikyis lycht 

Doftg. Virpl, 886L 9. 

DiBKiT, part. adj. Darkened, obscured. 

The air was dtVMI with the fowUa. 

Daator, Sannaigne Poewu, pi i2; at IflL 

DiBKNESS, 8. Darkness. 

To na be minora in year gOTemanoe ; 
And in oar dirkneu be lampa of Mring. 

Ihtttbar^ MaUland Poems, pi lOS. 

To DIRLE, V. a. To pierce, to penetrate, E. 

Toong Pirance, the sone of erle Dragabald, 
Was dirlii with lofa of (air Meridiane. 

BantuUgnM M& CArvn. <SL P., ill. 89S. 

8a.-0. driU^if perforare. 

To DIRLE, I?, n. 1. To tingle, to thrill, S. 
It denotes the pain felt in. consequence of 
a smart stroke, or of extreme cold. ** TVL 
gar your daup [doup] dirU.*' Kelly, p. 

Meg Wallet wi' her pinky een 
Qart Lawrie's heart strimn dirU. 

Ramaa/M Workt, L 202. V. BiRLS, v. 

*' Twiating a rope of atraw round hia horae'a feet, that 
tihey might not diri or make a din on the atonea, he led 
it cannuy out, and down to the river'a brink. ** R. 
Gilhaiae. i 131. 

2. To yibrate, to emit a tingling sound pro- 
ceeding from a tremulous motion, S.; as, 
He struck the table^ till it aw dirled. 

To gie them mnaic was his charse ; 

He screw'd the pipes and gart them skirl, 

TiU roof and ratters a' did difi. 

JBamt , ill. SSL 

3. To move with the wind. Border. 

T1iiaBiaybendicaUytheeamewithE.<)kr«ff. Both 
Biay perhapa be yiewed aa from A.-S. thirlkui, to pierce, 
to penetrate, need obliquely aa denoting a aenaation 
like that arising from the act ot piercing, Sibb. aaya, 
that A.-3. tkiiJ, foramen, ia *'aIao used for tingling.'' 
But I can'disoover no proof of thia. 




II aMBM pnhrMe, however, to riew our word m 
allied to Bete. triO'-em, to ihiver. //y iriUle van komie^ 
km ekiTend for oold ; Sw. darr-cK to tremble, to <^aiver ; 
4arra ^fkodd, to iheke with oold : daUr-a, to Tibimte; 
m §kumtg dalirar^ a etriBg Tihretee, 8. diHa* 

DlBL^ f • 1. A slight tremulous stroke, S. 

9. The paiu occasioned by a stroke of this dc- 

■eription, S* . 
8. A tremulous motion, vibration, S. 

"Twee but jeitieeii, eie fkriber geen, 
I thxew e noble throw at ene ;— 
It JiMt pley'd diH on the bene, 
But did Bie aeic 

A eniioiie derhntioa ie given of DMetatt^ the nnme 
sf A Fuieh in EL Lothian. 

*'The village of Dirleton ia nearly in the middle of 
tlie Muriah, atanding on a rocky gronnd. — ^The rocka 
iOUM and ahake, aa camagee paaa along; which cir- 
onmatanoe probably gave riae to the name ; the Scottish 
word Dkri aignifymg trembling. " Statiat. Ace, iiL 


A dhi am lAe teolsr, the motion canaed by n alij^t 
wind, Boroar*. 

4. Applied to the mind, denoting a twinge of 
oonsdencey or what causes a feeling of 
remorse, S« 

"A' bodj haa n conacience^ thonrii it may be ill 
wvanin at it. I think mine'a aa weel out o' the sate 
aa maiat folka ave ; and yet ita jnat like the noop of my 
•Ibow, tl whilee geta n bit <i<rl on n comer.** Heart of. 
Mid Lothian, L 103. 

DiRLDTOy f. 1. A smarting pain of short 
duration, S. 

Bnddaalie the pene vanlit ala dene 
Of hia body, aa thocht it had not bene 
Bet ana dmim, or ana Utiil itonnd. 

Dmiff. VhfO, 424, 49. V. the v. 

5. The sound caused bj reiterated strokes on 
the ground, or on a floor, S. 

"One of them [the Browniee], in the olden timea, lived 

. with Maxwell, Laird of Dalawinton, doing ten men'a 

work, and keeping the aervanta awake at nighta with 

tilenoiaydtrfiiiyol ita elfin flail.** Remaina of Nitha* 

dale Song^ App., p^ 3SI» 

DIRB, adj. 1. Torpid, benumbed. Loth. 

S* Insensible, destitute of feeling; used in a 
moral sense, Loth. 

To DiBB, V. ft. My Jit dim^ a phrase used in 
relation to the foot, when there is a stop- 
page of circulation. 

II eeema originally the aame with E. dor, to atun, 
which Seren. derivee from Sa.-0. daer-Of infatuare. 

DIBBAY,f. Disorder. 

Than dyn roin and dirray. 
Stok hornii blew itont 
CUfaINf iSbw, F. L, V. 908. V. DuuT. 

DIRT, 9. I. Excrement,S. 

Upon her lydei was tein that those conld schate, 
TSe dirl elsafee till hir tows this twenty yeir. 

JCnuMlir, Svergrem, iL 71. 

S. A mean insignificant person; an expres- 
sion of contempt often used towards a 

troublesome child, or a troublesome person 

of any kind, Roxb. 

The moet oommon aenae of thia word oonfirma the 
derivation given by Johna. and Lye, of the tenn aa 
need in B. from Belg., or rather lal. drjfi, ezcrementanu 
In O. E. it had the aame aenae aa in S. Somner, vo. 
Torrf, aaya; Hino noatr. djfrt, L atercna, sordea. 

DiBTiN, parL adj. 1. Filthy in the sense of 
the f ., S. 

Botten erok, dirtm dok, cry Cok, or I sail qneU thee. 

Ihuibar^ Ev er gn ea, iL Ml 

2. MeaUy contemptible ; metaphor, used, S. 

"The erlia of Bachouhan and Wigton retnmit in 
Scotland. Sone eftir thair retumjrng thai come with 
ane army to Berwick, and lay Ung at the sege thairof 
hot ony werkia worthy to haue memory. And thairfor 
thia jomay wea callit the dirtin raid, Bellend. Cron., 
B. xvi., o. 10. V. DiRDUX, 1. 

Thia ia one of the moat contemptuooa epitheta to be 
found in the language. 

DiBTENLT, (zdv. In a dirty way. ' 

Kelly givee thia aa a anrly reply to one who aakn. 
How do you do?—" I do faUdirtenl^ I wiah they had. 
the skitter that apeera.'* Prov., p. 400. 

Thia .muat aurety be viewed aa primarily the reply of 
one who waa labouring under a aevere diarrhoea. 

DiBT-FEAB, 8. Terror producing the same 
effect OS that referred to under the adj. 

How soon the boy, firom heav'ns rigging. 
Had cast his eye on earth's low bimng. 
He trsmbrd, and, which was a token 
Of a diri-Jear, look'd don as dockeo. 

Medtm'M FoetM, p. 131. 

Dibt-feab'd, adj. So much afraid as to lose 
the power of retention, S. 

The English all flee fkst before them now. 
As does the Bishop of St Andrews too. 
Who would not Wallace' coming there abide, 
Waa so difi-fmf'd, even for all Scotland wide. 

aamiUoHn*9 ITaUaoe, R x. p. 2Sa 

Thia coarse allnaion ia not i>ecnliar to S. As lal. 
raas eigniiies cuius, rasaragur ia expL nimio timorta 
perculsua, from rtsM and ragttr^ timidua. Sw. skit^ 
redder ia atill more etrongly aoalogoua, from aittea, 
Btercua excemere, and raed-as, timere. V. Verel. 

DiUT-FLEE, 8. The yellow fly that haunts 
dunghills, S. Musca stercoraria. 

The term ia aometimee proverbially applied to a^ 
jronng woman, who, from pnde haa Ions remained in a^ 
aingle atate, and afterwaraa makee a low marriage.** 
<• Ye*re like the diH'/ee, that fleee heij^ a* day, ana 
fa'a in a turd at even,*' 8. B. 

DiRT-FLETD, adJ, Apparently the same witb 

Obstnpuit Yitarva din, dirtfaida, ft& 

DrummotuTM PoUmomiddimia^ 

DiRT-HASTE, 8. A coarse and vulvar tem, 
denoting the hurry occasioned by one's 
losing the power of retention, S. 

The Selkirk Sators aff their stools, 

ni-sitten bat at the best, 
In diri-Aaste raise, dang down their tools. 

Declaring for the test 

Xsnten Ortemf p. 6, ?• 




D1BT-HOU8K9 f • Apparently used for a close- 
•tool; now a privy, S. 

Mjr daddit hit BM tMur tnoiiglL— 
A IbhiiV wind wi£ book nS line, 
Wttk twft mU itoob and a tf M^AoMM, lea 

W. WimU^t TatamaU^ Htf^M ColL, U. 148. 

DnrTBiB, «. A collective term expressive of 
tiie greatest contempty denotingdespicable 
flood-foiHMitluiig persons, Ettr. For. ; from 
JHri, q.T. 

DIRTER (of a mill), 9. A vibrating stick 
that strikes the large Bolter^ Aberd. 

To DISABUSE, V. a. 1. To misuse, to abusie, 
S. Di9abtU€f idi, Aberd. 

S. The term is also nsed AbenL, as signifying 
to mar, toqKiiL 

DttABKEZE, #• Stir, disturbance, ibid. 

To DISAOYIS, D188AOY8E, v.a. To dis- 

Wo BOB tamo oar daithls, and chaogo our atylia, 
Aad rf tw y yii oa that iia man Inn na.— 
To aan aa BO aooa tf iMc^ftt. 

■9L OmfL va Diaagniiit IV. disgtM-er, 

DISAOBIEANCE, f . Disagreement. 

**Thaf aaD witfain tiio foreaaid thiettio dayia report 
tiM ^ouidis and canaaia of their duagrUanee to hia 
Maiaatj^" Ae. Acta Ja. VL. 1697, Ed. 1814, p. 168. 

To DISSASSENT, v. n. To disapprove, to 
dissent. IKfMS«€ntii, Aberd. Reg. A., 1525. 

DISBUST, «. An uproar, a broil. Loth. 

TUi woid haa imdoalytedly been introduced by tho 
Wnuch, whilo raaidin^ in Uio Lothiana. DeJboisU^ 

To DISCHARGE, v. a. To prohibit, to 
forbid, S. 

oat of tta i^t box ; or aa DeMeU, " which 
is nndarad, ** unboxed, pat out of joint ; detboistemeni, 
tha being oal of Joint ; ^ Cotgr. Henca, the term haa 
tnoafarrad to aodetv; or to indindoiUa, when in 
" " * tedatate. 

DISCENSE, f • Descent, succession. 

Tba aneiaat Kjmg Satime thar mycht thou le,— 
^ With vtldr prinda portoiit in that place. 

fnm tha basTnidng of there fjmt 

Xtoiy. FtrytZ, 811. 2S. 


**TIm lordia-rhaa now in thia eeaaioane determyt, 
dadditfe 4 dadarit a part of aommondia that come 
balon tbaai% and Tthir part haa continewit [delayedl. 
-^Aad lor the d U e ep e hm of the kingia leigia be aulde 
Hnawndia^ the aaidia lordia haa in apeciale contenewit 
tiur aommnndia 4 canaiaL'* 4c. Act. Dom. Cone., A. 
1402; p. SM. 

ThMtgh tiie phraaeology haa an Awkward form, the 
taoB aaanaa to aignify the detennination of cauaea 
laCMied to in eonae^nence of debate, without the 
■ a c iaaa ilT of ranawad atationa. Fr. decepi^, to debate 
«r plaaa A canae ; to arbitrate, or examine a oontro- 
vways LA diteepi-are^ id. 

To DISOERNE, v. a. To decree ; the same 


'I deeane and Jogia all thir gadia— to be recoverit 
-*I eoaaent hereto and diaeeriuf the aamin to be done." 
BaOeBden'a T. IiT.» p. eO. 
9^. dbecni*«r, id. 


'Therefore the General Aaaembly— doth hereby 
diickarge the practice of all each innoTationa in divine 
worahip within thia church, and doea require and obteat 
aU miniateia of thia church — ^to repreaent to their 
people the evil thereof.** Act againat Innovationa in 
the Worahip of God, 21 April, 1707. 

^^DU^arrfing hereby all the liegea and aubjecta, 
thftt none of them, upon any pretence whataoever, 
preanmc^ nor take upon them to imprint, aell, buy,'* 
so. Privilege prefixed to the Scottian Acta of Parua- 
ment, Edin., 1682. 

The word ia not uaed in thia aenae in EL 

To DISCHONE, v. n. To take breidcfast. 

**And At hia returning firome hia Blajeatie thia 
deponar deayrit maister Afox' to disehone with him, be 
reaaoun hia awin culd nocht be aaaone preparit.'* . Acta 
Ja. VL, 1600, Ed. 1814, p. 207. V. Disjuki, from 
arhich thia ia corrupted. 

DISCLAMATIOUN, *. The act of dis- 
owning one as the superior of lands ; or of 
refusing the duty which b the condition of 
tenure; the same with Disclaimer in the 
law of England. 

— "Off new gaif and diaponit, 4c., togidder with all 
richt — ^to the few malea— «ff quhataumeuir yeria and 
termea bygane, be reaaone of ward, nooentrea, releif, 
eschcit, foirfaltour, recognitionia, purprusiooia, dit- 
damatiauHia, baatardrie," 4c. Acta Ja. vL, 1502, Ed. 
1814, p. 601. V. Skene de Verb. Sign, in to. 

[DISCLAB, V. a. To declare, to decide. 

He suld that arbytre ducCar. 

JktrbouTt L 76.] 

DISCOMFISHT, part. adj. Overcome, 
Dumfr. Fr. dtBconfizy id., Cotgr. 

[DISCO^IFrr, V. a. To defeat. 

Zhe sail dUeomJU tbame lichtly. 
Barbour, xiL 459, Skeafi Bd.] 

[DISCOMFITE, «. Discomfiture, defeat. 

Barbour, ii. Rubric after L 846, Skeat'a Ed.] 

[DISCOMFORD, Disconford, $. Dis- 
v. Qloaa. to Skeat'a Ed. of Barbour.] 

DISCONTIGUE, adj. Not contiguous. 

'* Landia lyand dineoiUigue fra uther landia, and not 
annexit or unite to the aamin, may not be caUit per* 
tineutia thairof.'* A. 1538, Balfour'a Pract, p. 175. 

DISCONVENIENCE, $. Inconvenience, 

To DiscONVEXiEXCE, V. o. To put to incon- 
venience, ibid. 

DiscoNVEXiEXT, adj. Inconvenient, ibid. 

O. Fr. deweonvenUe, deKonvenanee, malheur, defaite, 
douleur, 4c. RDquefort. Cotgr. rendera the former, 
"misfortune, inconvenience." Our S. terma aeem 
more nearly allied to these than to Fr. dfMCoaveii-ir, 
L. B. citanmoea-iVe, non convenire. 

[DISCORDIT, pret. Disagreed. 

His conaeU fast ditcordU then. 

Barbour, xriL 842, Skeat's Ed.] 




-• V 

[DISCOUIB» DisoowiR, v. a. To discover, 
find <mt| to shew, to spy. 

▼. OloM. to SkMift Xd. €l Btfboor.] 
DISOOUBSY, adj. Convenable, Aberd. 
DISCREET, adj. 1. » Civil or obliging.'* 


Sir John SincUur^s Observ., p. 100, 

'*Xz. H« is • rtry dkertei (ctTil) man, it it true ; 
iMt luB brothOT hM mora diterHUm (ciyility. )" Ibid. 

i. Not mde, not doinff any thing inconsistent 
with delica<7^ towaras a female, S. 

la this woM^ M woold Appoar, it ii lued by a poet 
sf oor own Datum :^ 

jOQtlL by fiBftma fiivoavBdy but by love, 
I Bol annnd km, be itili aa now 

Dr.Johas. TCBden it '*modeet; not forward." This, 
kowwer, does not fUly ezpram ita meanings aa need 

DnoEBTiON, t. 1. Propriety of female con- 
duct, as opposed to ligntness or coquetry, S. 

"^"Imaan aayafbra ber face what I wad eay behind 
her back, we nao been onr lane's at a* hoars of the 
aiidit an* day, an* I aarer aawony thing o' her bat the 
M^t o' (fMCf^aon." Saxon and Gael, lii. 06. 

i. Kindness shown to a stranger in one's 
honsei nearly th^ same with E. Hospir 
lo/t^, S. 

DiscBBTiON. y. Discreet. 

To DISCRIUE, DiscRiF^ DiscBXVEy v. a. 
To describe. 

the Bua I win dueriue, 

DMy. Virga, 18. 6. 


Jtareeiir, zx. 282^ Skaat's Ed. 

till 4iww9t sow his fiusoan, 
Wltk part efUa eondidoan. 

JtorAonr, z. 879, Skaats' Ed.] 

PISCUMFTTINO, f • Defeat. 

Tb ackfr Edaaid aend fta the king, 
Qokm thai hard the tfiwoiMCe»fi0. 

Jbr«eMr, zr&i. 190, fiOceafa Ed. 

BariMMir abo oaea DUeumfiUmr. and JHtcum/Uur. 
▼. QkMM. to Skeat'a Ed.] 

To DISCUBE, 9. a. To watch, to observe 

la the mene tjoM of the ayeht wache the com 
Wegif MeaaapoiL the yettia to di9CHre. 

Doug. VirgO, 28a IS. 

It. cf i iwi i r i r, to anrvay. Lat. cUae«rr-€re. 

DisOOUBBOUB, s. A scout, a sentinel. 

The diaesfmrmtria mw thaim command. 
With baaaiii to the wyad wawaad. 

Btu^tmr, iz. 244, Ua 

DISDOING, ody. Not thriving, Clydes. 

DISEIS, Dtsese, Dissese, $. 1. Uneasi- 
ness, want of ease. 

It ia gad that we aamyn ta 
JHtmm or aaa^ or payne or pUy. 

AarftoMT, ▼. 78, Ma 

2. Contenticm, state of warfare. 

Of thia ilbeaw si«t trattia paat 
Tb thia Legate at the hat 

ffynlpiaii, tIL a 1091 

Yt.dMaiMB, "abeinginatoaaa,*'Gotgr. 

DISFORMED, adj. Deformed, Aberd. 

DISFREINDSCHIP, s. Disaffection, ani- 

"Oif the money that waa oflRnrit — ^be fala ennye and 
eniU ataffe — ^the aaid officiaria aaU clip and brek the 
aaid fala money, — ana that it mak na mar truble nor 
dUfrtxndKhip amangta the kingis liegis. ** Acta Ja. IV., 
1493. Ed. 1814, p. 233. 

— " He wee nenir mvndit to pat the kvndlie poaaea- 
ionria thairfimi — ay qohiU the oia/reiHdiAip feU oat be 
raaaone of the aaidis oompleneria abyding at the defence 
of hia hienea anthoiitie." Acta Ja. VL, 1679, Ed. 
1814, p. 164. 

To DISOEST, V. a. To digest, S. 

" We see hera^ how eaaie it is for a Wctorioas armie, 
— ^to take in frontier garriaona, while aa they are poa- 
aaaaed instanUy with a nanicke feare, — belFoxe tber 
have time to digeai their feare." Monro's Ezped., P. 
ii, p. 118. 

DisoEST, s. The digestion. An ill diagest, a 
bad digestion, S. 

To DISH, V. a. To push or strike with the 
horn, Lanarks., Renf rews. A diahinff cow^ 
a cow that huts ; syhon. Put^ and Duneh. 

••Tm thinking he's no that weel Tersed in the foUc 
o' London, mair than mysel ; for he would hae gart 
me trow, that they hae horns on their head to disk the 
like o' me, and hooves to tread apon as when doon." 
Sir A. Wylie, i 70. V. DcsH, v. 

It not origmally the same word, it seems to have a 
oommon sooroe, with the v. Dnieh, to rash, whenoo 
Dutehe, a stroke. It especially resembles Teat, cf oea- 
ea, to strike with foitse. V. DuacK. 

Norfolk, *'fe do8$, to toes or posh like an ox,** 
(Orose), seems originally the same. 

To DISH, V. a. To destrov, to render useless ; 
as, ^'Fm completely dialed -wV that journey,'* 


This term has great resemblance to IsL cftw-o, cabara 
anhelitns et f essas, O. Andr. 

To DISH, V. a. To make concave. This 
term is used by mechanics. The spokes of 
a wheel are sud to be dished^ when made 
to lie towards the axis, not horizontally, but 
obliquely, S. 

" Formerly the wheel waa mach dished, from a mta- 
taken principle,'' Ac A^. Sarv. E. Loth., p. 74. 
DUSing ia aaed aa a a. m the aame aenae, El 

To DISH ABILrrATE, v. a. Legally to in- 
capacitate, S. 

— *'The Earl his father being forelsnlt, and his 
poaterity diahMOlaied to braik estate or dignity in 
Sootiand," kc Stair, SappL, Dee., p. 243. 

Lw B. kabiUl-are, Fr. aa6i7it-er, signify, idonean»» 
habilem reddere ; althoagh in neither of these Inn* 
goagee have I found the term in its negative form. 





DttHABiUTATXOUK, 9. TIm tct of legally 
depriTiiig a person of Iioiioiitb, privileges* 
er emoluments foimeiiy enjoyed. 

— **INipwMMid whk sn prior aoii of dMabUUaihtm 
fnoaadt aaiiiM th* potteritie of tho MidTmq' Ffmicii 
•OBlfM Brio Bothwd," *a Acta Cha. L, Ed. 1814, 

DISHAL0OF,«. Atportof children^Boxb. 

To DISHAUNT, v. a. To leave any place 
or oompany. 

**11m nMu rMpeei earned to Biehope in these 

----- ' - JU 

lUiee of the Chiireh» made them dUhauni, and 
«■» BO mora into the mme." Spotawood, p. 303. 

•^**Sb^ hie wife, childran, and aerranta, and haiU 
faaiStw^ had ditkenmUd hia pariah hirk of Bine, and 
had hia doTol i oo moraine and erening within hia 
dfralSag-hoaae.'' Spalding u. 02. 

TIda wwd Ja atiU oecaaionaHy aaad, Aherd, 

It, d atiaw f tr , id. 

DISHEABTSUM,o<{y. Saddening, disheart- 
ening Fife. 

DISHEBINO, f . The act of disinheriting. 

''That Aadzo Qailhj of Indunertrn hnvcht, aa 
praoarator Cor EliaBeth 4 CMia MelTefe of Olenbervy 
wjgnit in our ao a e i ane lordii handii all A 

■adfj the landta of the harany of Glenbenj, Ac., to 
ha ftvin to Schir Johne of Anehinlek of that ilk 
kagfeht, 4 tiie aaid Elisabeth, A to the lanceat levare 
of thaim iwa, in dialitatioaB 4 dukermg m the aaid 

CMii^^Ao. Act Dom. Gone, A. 1492; pi 262. 
DUtHati^m m the aaaM with Fr. deMUtUion, a dia- 

liatiBf. It la poaaible that dUkeri»g may be an 
r of the origmaf writer. Cor dukeritmg. 

To DISHERYS^ v. a. 1. To disinherit. 

that he haa da jn. 

•^-Vor JOB 


And wald du*<fyf him l^thly. 

jfaiftaar IL 


S. To pnt in disorder, to put any thing out of 
place, in consequence oi a person's meddling 
with it who has no right to do so, Loth. 

** i^poTCBt^ uaed Bieiaph., from the idea of patting 
eaa o«l of the proper line of aacoeaaion. 

Dishbrtbown; «. The act of disinheriting. 

ahr thia Haiald iB-to fycht 
I amupjd aBayne all lyeht 
kjBfyk la a u ktr y s o wm 
or thame, that laU wyth all leiowD 
Have had the oovae m heryUige. 

WfNlowa, vi. 20. S9. 

DISH-FACED, adj. Flat-faced; appUed 
both to man and beast, S., q. ** having the 
/a€$ so hollow as to resemble a dish/* 

DISHILAOO, «. The Tuknir name of Tus- 
silago or ColtVfoot, S. Tussilagp f arf ara, 
Linn. Some smoke the leaves, supposing 
that they are a specific in coughs, &c. 

DISHINS, 9. pL A beatbg, a drubbing, 
£ttr. For. 

TUa amy he viewed aa a deriTatiTe from the old t. 
to Dtuek, q. t., alio Defce. It aeeaie nearly allied to 
Xaal. rf aeiBi , polaara cam impeta et fragoxe. 

DISHORT, DissHORT, $. 1. Displeasure, 

So giew their Biallea mair and mair ; 

Qahilk made her baith to nun and to dUpair, 
Fint that, bat caom, thay (fid heriio dMari: 
Nizt, that the laiked help la any aoH 

K. Jmmn YL Oum, & P., ill. 482. 

2. A disappointment, Aberd. 

3. An injury, any thing prejudicial, S. 

4. Deficiency; as, ''A diMtikoH in tbe weight,** 

Perhapa from dZf and «4oH; v. to recreate ; aa op- 
poeed to the idea ezproaaed bj SikoiHtwiif q. v. 

DISJASETT, pari. pa. 1. Di^Ut-Hke, 
exhibiting eveiy appearance of a decay in 
circumstances, S. B. 

2. Having a downcast look, S. B. It is im- 
doubtemy a corr. of dqteUd. 

3. E.xhausted, whether in body or mind, S. O. 

"In the morning after the coronation I found my« 
aelf in a rery ditjaMt atate^ bein|[ both aore in lith 
and limb, and worn oat in my mmd with the great 
fatigae I had undergone^*' Ac The Steam-Boat, p. 

4. DisjoMkedrlooUngy adi. Having the appear- 
ance of neglect or disrepair. 

— "Gae doon the water for twa milea or aae, aa gin 

f iMoabecf -/eoib'jig road that 
hiUa." Iklea <i my Landlord, It. 284. 

DISJUNE, DiBjooN, DisiooN, Disione, 9. 
1. Breakfast. 

Than in tbe momi^f ap echo gat, 
Aad on hir bairt kid lur di^une, 

BamMOtfm fttMB^ pi 218p it & 

I trow ye erj for yoorilH^oa/ 
Wbea were ye wont to or lo 1000 1 

Vafapa'f OflL, L 81 

The term ia atiU uaed 8. B. 

0*er moor beigbta aod howi ahe leoor^d ere ooon, 
Aad ooold have thol'd the ehaaoe of a di^une, 

Jtot^9 SelcHOft, p. 66L 

"With thia being called to hia cfWoM, he demit va 
eameatlie to tak j^irt with him, aa we did. He eat 
hia cfwoae with grit ehearf ulnea, aa all the cumpany 
aaw, and aa appeared in hia apeiking. ** E. of Mortoun a 
Confeaaaon, nannatyne*a Joom., p^ 513. 

2. Metaph. to make a dujtme of, to swallow up 
at a single meal. 

"Forbeaee, Fraaera, Ac let be all the CampbeUa to 
a man, are »aloaa lubecribera; and a fifth part of 
them were able to nudhe a ditjuM of all the Gordona 
when at their beat" BaiUie'a Lett., i. 60. 

O. Fr. de^ifvnt; id. LaL if it and Jfjun-ium, a hat. 
Com. diahumkk^ Ann. rfiMAaa, the time when ona 

ye were bound for Milnwood-hottae, and then tak 
nrat broken dUjadsed'iookimg road that makee for the 

To DISLADIN, v. a. To unload. 

— "With power— ala to laadin and didadin the aaidia 
mercbandice and gnidia.** Acta Cha. L, Ed. 1814, 
V. 680. V. Ladin, V. 




To DnLOADiN, V. n. The same. 

-TluU BO ikipi ofMT, boat, fto. MMlit to didoadim 
or IvmIm ballk irntill the tyme thay oodm to tlie Mid 
ta«k«,''*o. leto Cha. L» Ed. 1814^ V. 630. 

DISMAL, 9. .The designatioii of a mental 
diaease, most probably, melancholy. 

TWy ted that Baich thoiiU Mi be but- 
Tte Doit. ead the DUmal, indilbraBUydelt 

iViiMr^ IFateMi'f ML, iU. 14 

▼•Fijk. y.Bnctword. 

DISMISSAL, «. Mr. Todd has introduced 
this as ''a word of recent usage for div- 
miition/' But it is of long standing in S. 

DISNA, does not. 

*• 'Gbkb^ we duwld wuit little, if your abiUtr were 
•qoal to Tonr will,' replied hie aneeter. 'And I hope 
jnoor Loraehip dima want that mookle^* laid Galeow" 
Bride el Lanuneniioor, i 22S. 

—He thet dimia vae yea weel 
KmB te aa imoe thooghtlen cheeL 

Mmemda^a Potmt^ pw ISO. 

DYSOUB, f • A gambler, one who plays at 

^"DffQBeeiti^ dji^ioiif^ dyoimt dieveliL* 

DISPASAOE, f . Disparity, inequaliiy of 
rank, Skene. Lat. diipar. 

DISPASASSmO, «. A term used in rela- 
tion to marriage, as denoting a connexion 
below the rank of the person. 

*'The eaid lord Bothnen atXL hane the proffito of the 
Biarrjafe of the eaid Henir [BroiaaJ to te diiponit ao it 
ploHia hiB^ in agreable i oonyement place, bat ilt«- 
fmmminf:^ Le. "Lord RathTen, ae eaperior, ehall 
BaTe a n^ht^ not only to ehooee a wife for hia vaasal, 
bat toelaun ae his own her ioeker; provided he do not 
marry him below hia rank." A^ Cone., A. 1^ 

This refen to a feudal cnatom which prevailed in 
Beotland, and in moot of the conntriee of Europe, 
dnring the dafk agee, aooording to which the rapenor 
^jummA Hie fi^t above mentioned. In Qiion. Attach. 
0. 01, H ie mated to the eaperior, if hie vaesal hae 
whue a " 

minor, withdat his consent, that he 
may retain his lands till he te twenty-one yesrs of a^ 
if ft can be proved that he offered to him rationabile 
maritegiani, vbi non alias<f itpamyrtar, veldiiperMiwfer. 
Theee terms are aooordingljr used as synon. in L. B. 
Haeredeo maritentar euie dt$paragaiUme: Chart. A. 
1210^ apb Blatth. Paris. The version of this is ob* 
vioasty, 6al ditq^ari$ting; in O. fV. esae la detparager^ 
L. B. ditpanffore; also^ diqtenem-are, injnria afficere. 

DISPASrr, DisPEBT, a^*. Desperate, Doug. 
Bellend. The latter is used in the sense of 
keen, yiolent, incensed, S. B. Cumb. 

Ditpai is often used as denoting exceesive ; and 
oven ae an ode. in the eenee of eocoessively, S. B. 
In the eeme sense digpard oocors. 

TbMi diqwnr biidis of BelisU 

Xhoeht Bocht bat to edTsnoe thame mIL 

To DISPASPLE, V. n. To divide, to be 

▼OL. IL 

Her wav^flaji hair diap^rpUmf Sew apeit 
la le w aly shed : the net with reekles ait 
With Bsay a eariing ring deoor'd her Cms. 

JSradicm'e yiuEtt, PL 6S. V. BPAimu 

IKiMrpfB ooeam la the mme aenia in lydgate. 
V. POsgr. F. 214. 

DISPEACE, 9. Disquiet, dissension, S. 

L. & dtqMeofHt Is nssd for lmta% minima pacetwa. 

To DISPEND, V. a. To spend, to expend. 

Vor he had aa thing fior to di^mi, 

BrrtoMfTL 819, MR 

He taacht him sQaer to dUpmd, 


IV. dupend-rtf id. 

DiSFBHDiNa, «• Money to spend, expenses. 

—The eoBstobOl, sad sll the lalff 
That war thsrin, bath maa end kneiv. 
He tok, sad niif thtim diaptmdmg ; 
And sent thaun heme, bat mar greidBg. 

Jartoar, V&. 60O, MR 

DiSPSNCE, Dtbpenb, f . Expense. O. K id. 

The Arehebyschape of Tborfc Willame, 
That wss commendyd of god fiune, 
Becoveryd the benevolaos 
Wyth tiawa^ sad wyth grtt dsngMna 

frjmlpwa, vli. 7. 16S. V. CunmraL 

It. deqiena. 

DlSPrrOUSS, Dtspttuws, adj. Despite- 
f ul, troublesome. 

Bot til Boetlsad dmpt mm 
He wes sU tyme ud grevna 

I Tya lewa, vU. >L 123L 

To DISPLENISH, «. a. To deprive of furni- 
ture of whatever kind, S. 

" Albeit we had got these two years a great store of 
arms, and many ofl&ers home, yet we were eo eore dU* 
pUnltked bilore, and ao fax oat of ose^ that we had 
need of mach more." BaiUie's Lett, IISO. V. 
Plxvtb, v. 

DISPLESANCE, #. Displeasure. 

— **That qahatsameaer prelait or lord, that beia 
abeent the saide day, eall— oe panyet— ae aocoidis to 
thaim that dissobeis his oommandment A incorris hia 
indignacioan A dUpUmuue.** Aoto Ja. UL, 1487, Ed. 

18lC ^ 180. 
Fr. deqtkUaanee. 

To DISPONE, V. a. To make over, or con- 
vey to another, in a legal form. 

'The eamin to be ditpomU to the naneetof hia bin.'* 

Acts Muy, Ed. 1814, p. 600. 
- ' fidinbi 

Bythr" Spalding, i. 48. 

*'He retams free 
MeUcyne^ and there 

argh to his own plaoe of 
- • Maal of 


To Dispone o/*, to dispose of, used in a gene- 
ral sense. 

""So casoalty eoald fsO to the king in Scotland bat 

rBsdurpoaed<2f bytheadvioeofCochian.'' Pitsoottie» 
p. 120,m 1708. 

To Dispone vpauih synon. with to Ditposs of. 

— "That James Hammiltoane, eldest lanchfaU eone 
to my lord Goaemoar— is withhaldin in the csstoU of 
Sanetaadroiss be thame that oommittit the orewell and 
tressonable slaaohterof vm^ohill Daaid arohibisohop 





Cbrrlfnali^ fto. And ll la TneaiMM 

Ihil win dUpom wpoun him. and quether thai will 

111 liiB to fibMto « ■ooht.'* Acta liiicy, 1546^ Ed. 


"•8Mh ik^- aAar H k Monind by the dii; 
UbmIL oaipkl Bok to hurt the Awpoiiee; to whom 
Wnd ii wunmdioo." Enk. lut, B. ii. t. 7, f 

tho aifii^ fto. mD frdio hmf thmr awin 
wwdh wlfji^ 4 mariagw in thair awin handia, to be 
^faptMl timirMMiM aa thai aall think axpodianth" 

DnPOHDB, #• . The person to whom any pro- 
perijr it legaUy conveyed, S. 


DvSBOKEBLf §• The person who legally tran^ 
fen pro p erty from himself to another, S. 

**Ba iriw thna tranamito a feudal right in hia life- 
time ii ealled the dupoN<r or oaclAor; and ha who 
Mf^iaa lib lAe tiwyiifar Meemtor.** Enk., nbi aap. | L 

To DISPOSE ipon, v. a. To apply to any 
puxpoae or use, like E. dispou oft S. 

'*Ilwaaanawmed,tha^ ^ the bond, he had power 
to ^tpem lOMfi the money, notwithstanding the joint 
lilMmrtoflnawif<''Ae, Gilmoor, SuppL Dee., p. 488. 

DISPOSITION, 9. Deposition, equivalent 
io farfatini or forfeiture. 

^ Wtae was WiUiam Sindare^-dimng thia daneii- 
Cm and forfaltrie of Malaaina, and daring the forfutrie 
sf the Bari of Boaae?** Goidon'a Hiat. Earia el 
Ortiiart, p. 44a 

•*irilia eariof Boaae waa eari of Gatteynea by the 
dkmaUhm of ICaleaiaa ^-npon what gnmnd can the 
aanaa d OaltoyMa, at tiiia day, build such fantaaiea in 
Ika aii«b and paint them upon their waUea?" Ibid.. 

DaCkpge ahowa that ditposUum ia uaed in L. B. 
ibr rfy prf f i im ; though he giTea no example of thii nae 
sf mt fO & Hh . Statoimoa de Monialiboa Nigria, ne 
nBqvam diqioaitam ledpiant in domibos aius — ^nisi de 
Bea at i a epiaoopi aoi, fto. Conatitat. Gaiter. Senonena. 

POISPULZEIT, part. pi. Spoiled, stripped. 

^ . Qwton the ftid, aa T laid air. 

Wee tf i4p«W< and left an bair. 

Jtortonr, ziii fiOS, SkMif a Id. 

OL Jr* dnpoOUr^ to deapoiL] 

To DISPUBSE, 9. o. To disburse. 

*«T1m ealaito dedatrm thejwiU aie the aaid John 
Kannaday thankfoUy— repaytt of qohat he aaU agrie 
Idt* dtemrH^ or giro oat for ontreiking of the aaid 
altfpb"2a. AetoCEiL L. Ed. 1814, VL 9. V. Dsfubsx. 

[DI8SAF, V. a. To deceive. 

Ml 4CiM(r thane that wiU thame tmw. 

Jkirtovr, It. i87. 
OLT.DlMfwr, id.] 

DISSAIF, #• Insecurity, danger. 

Qahin vald ha tUnk to luff hyr our the laiir, 
iuKi ether qpdiiU he ihocht on hit distaif. 
Bow that bye men waa brocht to confitsioim. 
Throw hia laat hiff he had in Saynct Jhonstoon. • 

. Wailaet, ▼. 912, MS. 

nmn dio and «E|/^ 

To DISSASSENT, 9. n. To dissent. 

**Ba lorhimaelfe and the remanent of the Pkwlatea— 
tt therto anni^^ieJIer.'' Keith'a Hiat, p. 87. 

DissASSENT, «. Dissent. 

"Add to thia. Or reaaona be given of 
approrin be the Commiaaioneiia." Append. Acta Cha. 
L. Ed. 1814, V. 677. 

[DISSAT,«. Deceit. 

aa he all tjme waa wone^ 
Into dirnal maid hia anaoar. 

Bartow*, !▼. SI7. 
L. Decepiiu,} 

DISSEMBILL, oJ;. Unclothed. 

Wallaoe itatnr, off gretnea, and off hycht, 
Wm jogyt thus, be diicretioim off ryeht^ 
That saw him, Mth dis$embUl end in wdd ; 
iz qvartaxii large he waa in lenth indeid. 

ITaifawe, iz. lOMi MS. 

Corr. from Fr. dethdbUl'^t id. 

In Edit. 1648, -^n eh€vUl and on weed. ▼. Drs- 


DISSENTMENT, «. Dissent, disagreement. 

*' Among other thinga, the disttntmeiU bom the oon* 
elnaion of the laat meeting about Earlotoon'a going 
abroad, waa Tory diaoooraffmi^ and waa the ooeaaion 
of much contention ana cuTirion." Contond. of 
Sodetiea, p. 21. 

Fr. dis^enUment, id. 

DISSHOBT, «. 1. Displeasure. Y. Dia- 


To DISSIMILL, V. a. To simulate, to dis- 


' The cnmpany of homnen, that come with Bomn- 
hia, wee impediment that he mioht nocht dismmiU hia 
fleing aa wed aa he deeirit." fiellend. T. Lir., p. 26. 
FramLat. dJottma^are. 

To DISSLE, V. tu To drizzle. Loth.; also^ 

IfM dUsUn*. 

1 oneation if thia can be Tiewed aa aofteoed firom B. 
dnsaUt becaoae the latter ia acaroelv cTer uaed by the 
Tolgar in S. It may perfaape be derired firom Celt. 
ddt, atilla. gatta, (Dayiea, Bozhom) ; q. what faUa in 
dropa. Hence doaawl, "tendins to trickle^" Owen. 
To the aame aooroe moet probwlv ahould we trace 
C. & diMiUl, atilla, gnttula ; which, aa it aignifiee m 
amaU dro^ aeema to be a diminutive from dte, gutta. 
Aa didiU-to aignifiee atiUare, duitiUare; diMil may be 
immediately from thia v. 

DissLE, «. 1. A slight shower, Lanarks., 

Loth.; a drizzling rain, £. 

*'Being aome dMe of rain in the time^ ahe went into 
a quiet place in the kirk." Walker'a Bemark. Paa* 
aagea, p. 17. 

2. Transferred to divine influence. 

— "In the time of liia aermon, there waa a amaU 
di§de of wann rain, and he waa aa aenaible of a diMie 
of the dew of heaven upon Ida own aoul, and the aonla 
of that people, aa he aaw the rain fall down upon their 
bodiea.''^ Ibid., p. 151. 

8. A slight wetness on standing com; the 
effect of a drizzUng rain, Lanarks. 

DISSLE, s. ExpL as signifying an attack, 
Dumfr.; and as synon. with Benael; as, 
** Ye bade an unco dissle.^ 

Thi% I apprehend, ia radically different firom the 
preceding torm, and may be merely a provincial variety 
of Tai$sle, Teazte^ q. v. lal. dyi, however, aignifiee 
equeatro certamen ; Myi^ tumoltoa. 




To DISSLE, V. fu To ran; as, ^to diale 

Ar^w th§ dubif^ Dunf r. 

bLllM^eiliifliirecamiiisiiRo; thfft^cnmmmairo 
§mA vmL •bx ikju^ tumnltiioM rnera. I need 
rauok iaal a ana ik tun oftdD intorohMiflwi. 

DISSOBESANCE, #. Disobedience; Fr. 

— *' ThANftlr to can tha ptnonis 4 tak knanlaga of 

rfiMofteMMM; 4 qnha that beis fnndin culpable 

if aal— pay tha •zpenais 4 damage that the part j 

__. Jiis be aeienriiig of Juatioe throw aaid di$m)be$anee 

4 itdering." AoU Ja. ilL, 1487, Ed. 1814, p. 177. 

DISSOLAT, adj. Desolate. 

**Aad thai hia Grace raid not be ditaolai of men, the 


Xei^Hiflt.. App. p. 54. 

DISTANCE, 9. Difference, distinction, 

Lil. dhtant ia, id. 

To DiBTAVCE, V. o. To distinguish, ibid. 

DISTYMETTJiER. V. Dustie-melder. 

. last qnantiiy of meal made of the crop of 
any one year, S. 

>• Used metaph. to denote one's latter end, 


••1 b^faa to think be thia time that mj dldy-mntter 
was Dear madcb an* wad hae gien twice fourty-peimiee 
to hae had the gowan oner my feet again.'* Joninal 
from London, p. 4. 

To DISTINCT, 9. a. To distinguish. 

*' Qnky ooad n i d ye that fayth can na wayia be in a 
■BD Mit eheritie; aen S. Paall planelie diMinctis the 
oOoe and pteeence of the ane fra the nthir to be poosi- 
blet" K.Wynvet'i Qneat Keith's Hist., App. p. 288. 

A irerb fotned firam the part. pa. 

To DISTRACT, 9.11. To go distracted, S. B. 

Uke to duimcL she lifted up hit head, 
(k|^d lindy, lindy* waes me, siere dead? 

itoM^f Metenan, p. 16b 

[DISTRENZrr, parL pU Compelled, con- 

-»— ^ehen Sndls diifrwutt ar 
Vor till i^v and mak ansoar. 

Bofteery It. SSL 
L. DItMmgtrt, to pidl asunder.] 

DISTRIBULANCE, s. The same with 2>t9- 

— **11m aehirof— eaU deroide the ground bath of him 
and hia gndii^ and chaige him in the kinsii name that 
ke mak na mare ditmbulance to the u>rde nor his 
gromde in \jm to com." Pari. Ja. II., A. 1467» Acts 
U. 1814^ n. 61. 

Ahhoqga synon. with DUtruhianee, it would seem 
to have n diflersnt origin ; Lat. dU and tribul-art to 

ToDISTRINYIE,9.a. To distrain; Spalding. 

distnrb; O. E., id. 

— Seho had adharpit wsU yneQeh, I fes, 
The Srrt ftirie of sa oolonis ngs. 
For to ditinAil the fofesaidmaiiaga. 

Dat^ rk!pi, m. 17. 

Goir. firom Fr. <leilOMr6-er» id. 

Distbowbltne, Distbublik, Distbowbil- 
Lma, s. Disturbance. 

The Persy 

Lap on, and went with thalm in hy 
In Ingland his castsU till. 
For owtjn distwwUjTM or QL 

BerBoMr, t. SIS, M& 

''Thai for the Ijrehtlines, ocntempcion, 4 oflbnoe 
done to the kinsis nienes be Alex' Home in the <fie- 
irMin done be nim in the schiref court of Berwic in 
presens of our souerane lordis sehizef,— ^the said Alex' 
aaU pass and enter his penonn inward in the casteU of 
BlakiMs^" Ac Act Dom. Cone., A. 1478^ p. 81. 

DiBTBUBLAKCE, s. Disturbance. 

— "Otdania the said Sir Johns to rsstore to the 
aaid BnCsme the twa tennee male [rentl takin Tp be 
him of the said landis, A to cess of all aUtrubUmee of 
the said Enfame inthe Joysing of thesamyn in ^yme to 
com." Act Audit., A. 1436^ p. 8. 

[DISWSYT, paH. pt. Out of use, unaccus- 

And ifohen thai thus ditw9ift ar, 

Ulan may die move on thame sour wer. 

AN«o«r, lis. 18S» Skeat's Ed.] 

To DIP, Dtt, Ditt, V. a. To stop, to close 


Sa fsla, that the wpcummyn wss then 

DyttyC with skyn sons and men. 

Otnouff vi. 1SS| M 9b 

— ms bsningeris the goddes iftMiT, 
Thatofthars asking thar was noeht admittit 

Dsiy. Vir^ 115. SOL 

" DiU your mouth with vour meat," S. Pror. KeUy, 
p. 88 ; spoken to thoee at table who talk impertinently. 

Whan a*B in, and the skp dit, 
BIss hsrd, and let the dog sit 

Ramsa^M S, Prtm,, p. 77. 

A.-S. dytt-on, ocdndeie^ obtnrare: whence diUtn^ 
morter, to stop up the OTcn, Northumb. ' 

[DITnT,parf./>f. Stopped up. 

the TMom WM then 

IHttU with uayn hon and men. 

Bmhomt. vi. ISS, Skeat's Ed.] 

To DIT, DiTT, V. a. To indulge, to caress, 
to make much of, Aberd. 

The only idea I can form of thia word, is that it ia 
aoftened from JMi^ to fondle, Banfis., or a modification 

To DITE, Dytb, Dict, v. o. 1. To endite, 
to compose in writing, S. 

To thaim he said, Anraer ye nil nocht eraUT, 
Bewrjrtorwofd, qnhilkllkii yowbest f 
In wrft. thai aaid, it war the Ukl vast ; 

>wbest tiU haiiL 

Than Wallacs tbos began to d^t in hast. 

ITaltees, vL S77» Ma 
** His prayer flowed from hia hart, and waa diUd \m 
the right spirit." Bmce'a ElcTcn Seem., C. 1. b. 




f • To dictate to another as aa amaaaensis, S. 

••Tnrif Mtidbd tiM Eni^nh to fidly, tliat tfaay went 
lDlhtXi«ftaiid told kin* the Mue of disgrace of jw 


frholoMobJeetioM were 4lte< Jj "«!l »•?•*? ^ 
HODoned Iv^em to the fikota." BeOlie'e Lett., u 

'IhttI fa 


atnMib ttet pa] thie greet luoicewry, 
^ Jl fa mdid, hat in > oontinued speech ell 
awl til* efariu tike wliat they cen." Ibid. p. 

- , ip« IMid to ell our snbjectia, qoheteamever 

«rtHt thai be> to pceeent reaneistis, mkk omy sappU- 

-^ — defend, enp^ diA or writ, eoonsal, help, 

—to na heietikfa naitiTiB therefor, or other 

ipoit penona." Ac 16 Uaiok 1540^ Keith's 

8. To point oat as daiy, to direct; denoting 
the act of conscience. 

— ''TUnkfaff flinen nmrderers would be 

if ka had aivea the king hfa eonnael ao far as hie oon- 
aofanoai^ him." I?t8Q0ttie,-p. 140, Ed. 1768. 

I. To chaige a man hy a written accnsation 
before a court of jnsticey to indict. 

Ufa Welf I UUn ante a seheief itoet, 
OihOk Ms a faffaU St the IdnKis head. 
And hes witk Um a eoisit atsyis sboot, 

iSiiy— >, Amaafyne I^mM, p, 113, st IflL 

Wa hava a nndfar aoooont of the drsadful per- 
wafao of power, in a poem anppoeed to be written 
dndig the zmfft of Ja. uL 

Tear Jaattoe er sa fol of sacqosdry, 
8a eafeteas, aad fU of avarice. 
That thay yoar Lords impaiTBS of their pryoe. 
Thay <lyte year Lords, end heryis np your men. 
The tbetf now Sta the leillmsa qaha cea ken ? 

TanL dieJk.«B» Sw. dkH-a, to frame, to oompoee ; 
Wr. dUlrtr^ LU, diet-art, to dictoto how, or what one 
ihoold write. It may hare been transferred to courte 
af faw, becaaea it wae leqaieito' that the indietmeiU 
ihoold be wrICten. It must be admowledged, however, 
Hl^ Oaim. didk>«a» aignifiee sententiam dioere, Uteris 
■aadara, andX-o. i^A^oa, oonstituere, Benson; 

M Ajutft A, 9. Any thing endited or dictated 
hy another; appued to the Gospels bj Sir 
W« More. 

—Whidi holy dOoaenff. ss a mirroor meets, 
Jmd with tkeprephceies ia him oompleet. 


Ue glerfoQS imsge to pnaent, 
' it him with a pore intent 

fras Omc(/6x», p. 22. 

DiTTAT, Dtttat, Dictat, #. Indictment, 
bin of accnsation ; a term mnch used in our 
oldLaws^ S. 

A gmt tf y«fay Ibr Seottis thai ordsnd than ; 

^ ITatfaec, L 274| H£L 

Then mast not sksne apon thy scares to looks, 
Tb leed thy dttHV fa that sacred books ; 
As then by netaie ert fhaa nM ezil d, 
With missris sarchargt, with aimie detyid 

ifer^e 2Vms Cfrue^bBi, p. 181 

Thk fa aba written Dkfay. 

— *11m dklay waa framit of ana mnrther anroont 
*• be dona the aaal day of February, qnhen indeidUie 
kfa^wMBiaaa^" Anderson's ColL, u. SO. 

2. Reprehension ; as, ** Yell get your dUtay,'' 
you will receive a severe reproof, Meams. 

Lat. diet-um, Jodieinm, siye sententia arbitromm } 
W. Malroeeb. ap Dn Cange. IndkktmaUa, however, 
fa the word need in the L. B. of our old Law8» and 
transfated fittlaif . 

DinON, 9. Dominion, jurisdiction; Lat 

** The name of ICahometu has the lam signifieatioa, 
— oeniere, beeanse he deetroyit the diristtan religion 
throttch out al tha pairtis quhilk non ar Tndir the dUion 
of the Turk." Nicol Borne, F. 129, K 

DITON, s. A motto. 

M Aa yonr arms aie the erer-men holline banee, 

with a blowing horn, and thia dtton, VireacU mUnere 
; 90 ff'**" Uua your munificence suitablye bee 

arer-irren and freeh to all agee in memory, and whyfa 
this house etandeth." Guild'a OkL Roman Catholik, 
Ep. Dedic, p. 9. _ . . ^ 

Tr. dietoa, an inscription. Un mot notabfa, on de 
grand sens, qn'on met en de tobleaux ; ou dee inscrip- 
tions, qui taennent lieu d'emblemee, ou de doTisee. 
Diet. Trer. 

DIV, often used for do; I dioj I do; / rftV 
nOf I do not, S. 

**Di9 ye think to come here, wi' your soul-kiUing^ 
saint-seducing conscience-confounding oaths, and tests, 
and bands— your snares, and your traps, and your 
gina?** Talsa of my Landlord, iL 192. 

•• AiMJ diw ye think — ^that my man and my sons are 

toflaetotheeeain weather like yeetreen and the day 

get naething for their fish?*' Antiquary, L 


DIVAN, Dbvan, s. a large divett or other 
turf of a larger size, Renf r. 

DIVAN, s. A small wild plum, or kind of 
sloe, Benf r. 

DIVE, s. The putrid moisture, which issues 
from the mouth, nostrils, and sometimes 
from the ears of a persoa after death, S.B. 

They eadna touch him for a stink.— 

With odours, en' the like, Wyye, 

They diown'd the dresdfii' smelling rfyw. 

' F^ qfPeebUi, ^ IS. 

The Tent, term /«ysscf would seem to be synon. It 
fa rendered by KiUan. spaiaa fathalis j aa if it were 
formed from Sw./ro, fradga, {E./roth, our Free, q. t.) 

DiVTB, oA*. Having much dive; *^a dims 

carpr S. B. 
I hara obeerred no 

„^, v«— .— — '''wd* ^* **"■ "•? 

be fkom IsL Ay-a, to die. In Belg. Jto fa c^^l 
reeaw, reeaweel, doodkKufm, the foam of one that la 
dying; SeweL 

To DIVERT, V. n. 1. To turn aside ; Lat. 

"In hfa way, it fa said, ha div^ to Y^k and 
DurhMi, and Mme other of the bishops." Baillie's 

^'ms^'iSm afao occura in O. B. as far aa wa may 
judge from a fatter of Secretary Cedl'a. 





'8ir Biehud Lm biilh miMed me bar* bj the w»y», 
beoMue he dheritd liera to St. Alben'e directly." 
fludler'e Pa»ef% i 4S0. A Lfttiiiinii for "turned 

S, To party to separate from each other ; ap- 

pliea to husband and wife. 

** H«U7 Hunter, to obUge hie wife to return to hie 
ftttily,— gruited n.boiid to pey to her yearly 400 
Berfci, in caee th^y ihoald divert end liye ■epumtely.'* 
Forbei^ SappL Deo. p. 0Ql 

DIVEBTy «. Amusement, Berwicks. 

'DTVUfStodj. Lnxnrious; as, ** a (ftW« eater,** 
an epicure, Edinburgh. 

lyidently from the hietory of iHoeg, or the rich man, 
in the Qoepel, who *' Cued fomptaoiiely ereiy day." 

DIVET, DiFFAT, Devit, Divot, #. 1. A thin 
flat turf, ffenerally of an oblong form ; used 
for covermg cottages, and also for fuel, S. 

^ Thai the aaidia i^bee be desiffned with freedome 
of foggaoe^ peetoonfle, fewall, faifl, difat, loning; frie 
liefaae aiMl entries ana all nthera priviledgea and richtes, 
•oeoiding to nee and woont of aald." Acta Ja. VI., 
1M3» 0.161. /)eeii; Ibid. 1600, 0. 7. Skene, M array. 

By the wa^r* H may be obeerved that kming aeema to 
denote the priTil^ge of a free paaaage for cattle to and 
firam paetare. aa weU aa of a proper place for milking 
the oowa. V. Loav. 

/*The walla were aboat fomr feet high, lined with 
■licka wattled tike a hvrdle, boilt on the ont-iide with 
tazf ; and thinner aticee of the lame eerv'd for tiling. 
Thia kat they can DhPef.** Burt'a Lettocv, ii. 41. 

Sibb. derivee <lMof firom delve. It may have been 
famed, by the monkiah writers of our old charters, 
from Lat defod^ert, to dig in the earth. Obrien de- 
mea Lat /od4o from Ir. /bd, torf ; althongh the ety- 
mos maT be inverted. 

II had been aa ancient enstom in Scandinavia, to 
oover honaee with tnifs or dk/eie. For Sa.-G. iorf' 
vkffrd ia ezpL by Due^ Jna sectionis caespitom, ad 
aaom teotoram ; from lev/, a turf, and dboera, to cut 
Lsoc 8q.-0. vo. BwmatL 

S. A' short, thick, compactly made person, 
Ettr. For. Sod E. is metaph. used in a 
different sense. V. Sod. 

To DiVBT, «. a. To cover with divtU^ Aherd. 

To DiVBT, 9. fi. To cast or cut divetB^ ibid. 

Divot-seat, «• A bench at the door of a 
cottage, formed of divott^ S. 

'*The old shepherd waa aittinff on hia dhoi-eeai, 
without the door, mending a ahoe.^ Brownie of Bods- 
book, ii. 163. V. 0itr. 

DIYIE-GOO, «. *«The Black-backed Gull, 
Lams marinus,'* Linn., Meams. 

This IB obviously the creat Black and White OnIL 
€ho 18 a corr. of Outt; DMe^ aa would aeem. of 
QmL daM, black. V. Qow, c. 

DIUINE, «. A diviner, a soothsayer. 

O welaway I of spayman and diuinis 

The Uyad myadSi !— Deiy. VtrgO, lOL Sa 

It. dMi, id. from dMi«<r, dtetn-er, to foreteL 

DIVINES, To urue you in iho divineM. 

— ** And aim the prebendareia of Ametetonn, Myd- 
deltoo, first and aecond prebendarie of Vogrie^ and 
iwa elerkie fo eerue im ike dhmee within the College 
kirk of Creichtoon, ane yeirlie rent for thair sosten- 
tatioanfonnditofanld,**fto. Acte Ja. VL, 1006, Ed. 
1814» p. 327. 

This aeema a literal translatioa of the Lat. eoele- 
aiastical language, eervire m divtats, or in qfieiie divimie; 
Fr. Fqglee diviH, o'est la oulte de Dieu, et le service 
q'oB fut 4 1'egUae ; Diet. Trev. 

DIVISE, «. A term applied to land, as pro- 

S^rly denoting a boundary by which it is 
viaed from the property of others. 

** Oif the dieisii^ meithia and merchia ar not namit 
and expremit in the aummoundis, and letteris of per- 
ambulatioun, the prooem ia of nana avaiL" Balfmir'a 
Pkaot., p. 438. 

L. B. diviea, dimeae, fines, limitee, metae locomm et 
praediomm ; Du Cange. It also denotes a portion of 
mnd, aa defined by ite bonndariee. That it is used by 
Balfour in the former sense is evident from hia speak- 
ing of *' divine betwix aic landia pertening to aie ano 
man, on the ane part» and sic landia pertening to eie 
ane uthefman on the uther part ;" p. 434. 

DlUISrr, parL pa, 1. Appointed. 

"The lordia diuM*l on the secrete oounsale with the 
quenis grace, to directo aU materia,** fto. Acto Ja. V., 
A. 1624, Ed. 1814, p. 285. 

Fr. devie-er, to diapoae of. 

2. The same with E. devised. 

" And that honest writings in thia mater be dinieii 
and aend [sent] to the king of France and the aaid 
duke," kc Acte Ja. V., lj»4, Ed. 1814, p. 286. 

DIXIE, «. Sharp chiding, severe reprehen- 
sion, S., a term probably formed from the 
self-importance of a pe<uigogue who, in for* 
mer times when Lat. was spoken in schools, 
might confiim his degrees by the nse of the 
teim dixif I have said it, as declaring that 
there conld be no reply. 

DIXIE-FIXIE, «. An alliterative term, of 
a ludicrous kind, used to denote a state of 
confinement; intimating that one is im* 
prisoned, or put into the stocks, Ayrs. 

Perhape firom /Xrie, a., q. ▼., and the E. t. lo JFIjbw 

or Sw Fite^ to gire trouble. 

DIZZEN, $. 1. A dozen, S. 

2. In spinning, used to denote a certain qaan* 
tity of yam, which is a sufficient daily task 
for a woman ; amounting to a hank or hesp, 
Le. a dozen of cuts, S. 

A oonntry sirl at her wheel. 

Her diaen^ done, she*! unoo weeL 

Smme,iiL\QL - 

To DO, V. a. To avail; Wallace, iv. 437. 
V. Dow. 

To DO th-to, to bring into. 

Ka thai oonMnt wald be aa way. 
That oay- YnglU mannyi aone 
In4o that hononr fold be done. 




Op MOOtW to MN tiM 4IUWJI 

lb DO 19 dU^ to km. 

ly M tttf MOM JbM WttMM bit tludm in» 
l» «lMCf with oa^ nofis or dia. 

fFoOMf^ ▼. lOtt. MR 


plmMoIogy oeonn in O. B. 
—J«WB hated Urn aiid haa* lioM him to tfbsllk 

P, Plom gh mt m, FoL VH, b. 

— lor to dl» Ub to AbA day aad night the J ctttea. 

iMl M. lOe. a. . 

WwiliiiiM lh« V. ia naad aingly. 

Aa ha via dom the rode upon. 

IX>9 $^ proo. doi. A piece of bread, a Inn- 
eheon, S» A. as beiiu; a school-word, formed 
periia^ from loLU&^dare^ to give; or Mtt 
a portkm* 

Ividantly O. IV. do, in plor. doi, nn don, nn pm- 
ma^l dommm ; OL Boqtv«fort 

*To DO, Dob ol, to take effect, to make im- 
y essio n ppoiL 

«*8ahoa wia tan foot thik within tha waQia d entted 
Mm of oak, ao that no cannon ooold doe at h«r." 
PitoQoitia'ii Gron., p. 887.— "Goold yo tknmf^ har." 
Id. VnSt p. 107. 

^Xho;y luid tha aaria of Qlancaima fig^tand, and 

aotttntiaof hia man aliva, Tnalaina auf fled from: 
hot jH ha was at aiok ana atrenth, that hia anemiea 
aonld not do4 ai him, ao kmg aa ha had any to defend 
Mm." IhkUp.a27. «' fTor him," Ed. i:& p. 138. 

DOACH, DoAOH, #• A wear or cmive. 

"B nt faw of them Taafanon] get abova tha worka, 
tonnad J}oaek§, anoted aeroia the iiTer,— azoepting in 
▼ary Mgk flooda.** P. Tonghmd, Kirkcndh. Statiat. 

**11m aambor of aalmon,— oaniHbt in tha doaffk$ or 

«wiTOi^ la almoat incrediUe.— The span alao^ which 

ara flxad aeroai tha rirer in those cto^Aa, to prerenttha 
ish from getting np^ instead of bemg popendicalar, 
ara placed horiaontalhr." P. KirkeadMb^t^ Statist. 
Aon: id. 10. 

GmL dbl^^MKA aigniflea a monnd. 

DOB, #• The razor-fish, Fife ; synoiu Spout. 

Tlda ia often nsad aa hait hy the fiahermen. 

DOBIE, DOBBIE, 9. 1. A soft inactive per- 
• son, a stupid fellow, a dolt, Roxb., Berwicks. 
S. A clown, an awkward fellow; as, *^He*s a 
coi u itiy dobbief^ Roxb, 

•«/Mlbb n fool, n chfldish old man. North." Orosa. 
Ifoaa-O. ifoate seems, as Ihre ohsenrei^ to admit of 
tka ganaral aanaa of LaL stnpens ; 8a.-0. dotf, stnpi- 
i Alem. iombt Oenn, kuib, id. ; Dan. taabe, a fool. 

a aoi^ n Wockhaad ; Isl. do^ tonor, ignana. 

Tlda term ia also used in the Korth (^ B. to denote 
"a snrito or apparition.'' 

**Ha naad e d not to cars for ghaist or har- 
derfl or <ioi6to." Bob Boy, ii. 24. 

To DOCE daum. V. Doss doum. 

DOCHEB, (gatt.) 9. 1. Fatigue, stress, 

S. Injuxj, Meams. 

8. Deduction, ibid. It is used in the following 
traditionaiy and proverbial rhythm :— 

A maiden's tocher 
Tholss naa itodUr. 

Tha meaning ia, that thcportion of a yoong woman 
ia flsneraUy amd to be mora than what it ivally ia ; 
ana, when paid, can admit of no deduction or ^ei^peimy. 

Ir. GaoL doekar, harm, hnrt^ damage. I suspect 
that I>oeker is originally tha aama with Dodtcr, 

DOCHLY, adv. 

Dame Nstore the nobillett nyehit in sne^ 
For to ferm this fetheren, and dodUy hes done. 
iToiitoto, iiL 90, Ma , where to is fomid initesd of jo in edit 

Doddv may be a contr. of doehiely, from A.-S. dokiiff, 
po w aifu l ; or immediately from tha v. dug-an. Tent. 
doogh-tn, ▼alara. 

DOCHT, preL Could, availed, had ability. 
V. Dow, 1. 

DOCHTER, DoucHTTB, 9. Daughter, S. 

** Ho rapndiat hia nobil qnena Agasia the kyng of 
Britonisciodbtor.'' Bellend. Cron., FoL 19, a. DoMer, 
B* Bmnne^ p. W. 

A.-8. cbAtor, Belg. itoefttor, Genn. toeJItor, id. Ithaa 
bean observed that Gr. 0vymnip ia evidently allied. 

DocHTBB-DocHTEB, #• Grand-daughter. 

Thai ordaayd mssmge to ssad swne 
Ours the le in-til Norway, 
In-ta SootUad to bring thst Bay,— 
The demdUyr douMyr of our Kyng 
Alysandyre of god memors. 

I Fyn town, vliL L 8a 

Sw. doUf doier, id. mm€ smi, grandson. In the aame 
aimpla manner are the various relations by blood 
expressed in this language. V. BTodir*i>oehier. 
Wyntown nasa sone mim for grandson, viii. 8. 117. 

D0CHT£RLIE,a4f. Becoming a daughter, 
Aberd. V. Sonelib. 

DOCHTY, adj. Saucy, malapert, S^ an 
. oblique sense of EL doughty^ q. affecting the 
airs of an illustrious person. 

DOCK, «• A term used in Dumfries, to de- 
note a public walk or parade on the bank 
of the Nith, composed ot ground apparently 
alluvial. Small vessels come up to this 

I can acaroely suppose that it is the sama with E. 
dotk, aa if it had over been '*a place where ships were 
bidlt or Isid up." UL dock signines vallicnla, G. Andr. ; 
and <2oik^ locus voraffinosus, palndoaua, VersL The 
dock of Dumfries mimt correspond with the sifmifioa- 
tion of the Utter berore the ground was consoudated ; 
q. a marshy place. VereL givea dak aa synon. with 
dv', which IS defined by G. Andr. ; Lacunai sen parva 
aquae scatebra. 

To DOCK, V. a. To beat, to flog the hips, S. 

Thia seems to be the sense in the following passage:^ 
But mind with a neiper you're yolced. 

And that ye your end ot maun draw, — 
Or elMye deaenre to be docked j 
See that is aa answer for a*. 

JteMb Am^9 Woo'd and wumicd tmd a\ 




IftfnlTfowtUt might Mem feniMd fromiMfc^t. 
f. T* Bnt Ttttt. doek-m hM tlie mme wning i dan 
infacera fitrlMim I KiluuL 

dock; Dok, f . L Podex, S. Kennedy, 
Eveig. iL 74. 

mD tbi Blihopf waallMr-ooekt, 
Wko wImn thtir htfMli wato tun th«lr doekt, 

XfoMTs Mock Poem, pi 71 

TUt it appumi^j a& oUiqiM om d (lod(» B. the 
ttamp«f tlMteO. 

S« Stem of a ship ; as being the hinder part. 

**8Im hen many Oftnoni, dz on OTenr side, with 
Hum grMft bMnla» two bdiind in her aoet, and one 
befoio.^ PitMOfetie, p. 107, 106. 

■L Mem is uaed in a ttmilnr way for the beck pert of 
any tiling. 

To DOCK, v.n. To go about in an exact 
and conoeited sort of way, Fife; always 
qpplied to persons who are rather nndar the 
common size, while those above this are said 
io tiag$ about. 

. Allied periii^ to Geim. doehe^ n puppet; Sn.-0. 

IpOOtLy. a. To cnt, to cnt short, to cnrtaQ ; 
as, ^ini clocil yer hair for ye.** 

W* toeU^ to flii^] 

[DOOE^ €. A clipping, a cutting. Most 
oommonly applied to we* hair.] 

DOOKBTIB, adj. Ezpl. ** Short, round, and 
joUr,* Boxb. ; apparently from Doeiitf E. 
ibeled^ cat short. 

DOOKT, adu Applied to one who is little and 
neat» ana who takes short steps, S. 

To DoOKT, DoAXT, V. n. To move with short 
steps; alwafs applied to one of small sta- 
ture, Lanarks. 

To DOCEAS, V. n. To toil as in job-work, 
to labour, S.A.; given by Sibb. as synon. 
with Daekitj q.v. 

DOCEEN, DoKCir, «. The generic name for 
tiie doei, an herb, S. 

**Tet theie poorer eort that take them» mnet not 
imd OB them, oat on aorrel or dockens, when bolied 
togethe r in Sommer." Bochan'e St Kilda, p. 25. 

He like ye beneb ea day it to the ayehta 
Or aek<«loth i* ante fyne ovmetTe^ 
Or ilabm to the freache dayetya. 

Wad ya eompaie yt^ aaO to bml 
▲ JmIm £l a toiuie f 

Miteem'e A Sim^ L IBL 

**K% na» lii^t IVn no aae acant of cUith aa to aole 
my bose wi* a aodbai.--Aa for marrying my dochter, 
thaftfa anither oooaideration.*' Saxon and QaeL iiL 


KeU]f civee tfaia prorerb in the 
SHaewiiM in a different form. 

•« I we'd be Yery toth, 
Xb aole my hoea *^*J* doektuum 

The ratnm el a hangh^ maid to them that tell 
her of an unworthy aoitor.'* P. 184. 

All the larger apeciee of rumex raoeiTe thia name, 
aUhoogh Bometimee with a prefix m a rkin g the diatino- 
tion ; aa bttr-doiseH, the bnrdock, emear-doka^ 8. &• 
the oomoaon dook, ao denominated becanae an ointemit 

anoiently made of it; from A.-S. emero^ Belg. 
emeer, nngaentom, and A.-S. doeetu 

A Day among As DoeketM^ 1. A stormy day* 
at whatever season of the year, Boxb. 

2. Sometimes, a day distinguished by a quarrel, 

Thia phraae aeema to oootov a aimilar idea with that 
need 8. B. to denote a day diatingaiahed from erery 
other by aome event oanaing aorpriaet nproar, &c. 
ia the day that erer Uew." 

DOCEER, «. Struggle, S. B. 

And mair than that. I reed our herds are ta*en, 
And it'i aair bora o^ me that thay are ilaia. 
For they great docker made, and tulyied lang. 
Ere thay wad yield and let the cattle nog. ^ 


Ftehapa from Tent, dock-en* V. Dock. v. 

DOCU8, i. Any thing very short, S. from 
E. doci, to shorten, to cut short. 

DOCTOB, «. The title anciently given to 
the masters of the High School of Edin- 

" Mr. Jamea Adamaon, brother'a eon to the Primar. 
boin^ then a D<kUt in the High School, and thereafter 
a mmiater in Ireland, waa commended for hia ability. 
— ^The contest remained betwixt Mr. Archibeld New- 
ton,— at that time Dodor of the Hish Claea in the 
Gnimmar School,— and Mr. Archibald Gibaon." Cran- 
ford'a UniT. Edin., p. 124, 125. 

It deeervee remark, that in an early period the rec« 
torahip of the high achool waa reckoned a more honoor- 
able station than that of profeeaor of humanity in the 

" 1006. Mr. John Bny, who had been profemor of 
homani^ aome more than 8 yeara and an naif in the 
OoUedge^ waa transported fitMn thence to the Oramare 
Schoole, wherein he oontinned till Febmary 1690, al* 
moat 25 yeara." Ibid. p. 64. 

" The conncil— elected Mr. Thomaa Craoford, Regent 
of the Latin claea, ancoeeaor to him in the chaige of 
the hi£^ achoole.'* Ibid. p. 117. 

To DOCTOB one, v. a. To kill one, to do 
one's business completely, Clydes.; a phrase 
evidently borrowed from the prejucQce of 
many of the vulgar against regular practi- 

To DOCUMENT, v. a. To prove, to bring 
sufficient evidence of, S* 

" TUa city waa ao often deetroyed, her monnmenta 
and chartera loat, that her origmal cannot well be 
documeiUed,** Blae Blanket, p. 4. 

Mr. Todd haa introduced thia v. aa aignifying to 

DOCUS, $. A stupid fellow, 8. 

** Eh man, bat ve maon be an nnoo doeue to miatakn 
the youlin' o' a wheen donga for the aqaeelin' o* ghaiata 
an'deenlar Saint Patrick, u. 242^ 




•Ml tfdito origfaidly tlie Mme with A. Bor. 
*dbfi^ a dirty, riattitringiroBilMi V Say; aliQwrii- 

DOD, «. Pet, a slight fit of fll-hmnoor ; 
0ttuk vaed in the pL dbdt , S. 

ft ll v«cy oAa vied IB th* pL 

To Tak thb Dods, to be seized with a fit of 
foneiiiiess or ill-hainoar. V. the «. 

Tear motlMr diOQld da hm ^gget on in her anger, 
aha happaaL poor body, to tak the dotU now and 
- lWB^ii.143. 

and ICr. Harry haa been ower lang 

ee^aaiatad to gia ewer loving' ana aaither, beeanae 
herfafthv haa lo^ca Oa dMif at him." Pattiooat TaUa, 


DODVYg adj. Pettish, S. Gael. $dodach^ id. 

**I teqr dogi are liha mev— for GoUey ia aa doddjf 
and enbhii to Watty as if ha was ita adveraary, 
ahhwgh, aa ye hen, ha gatheia and heepa a' the banea 
iH^t-* Tha btei], i ift. 

To DODD, V. n. To joff, to move by sncca- 

Kaai^ dUad to E. dodge^ to ehift phoa, which 
Jahaa. darirea from dog. Feriiape the proper origin ia 
U. rf a dd wj l» to be elow in motion ; eegnipea erne ; O. 

DODDESMENT, t. vL 1. A recompence, 
wliat one deserves, Ayrs. ; apparently used 
in regard to demerit. 

t. lb pmi one tkraw hu doddermenU^ to 
intenragate with sharpness or severity, ibid. 

'^DmUir ia a cant B. term for a cheat, who traTola 
Iha covntiy, pretending to sell mnggled gooda." 
Qnaa^CL Diet. 

DODDY, DODDIT, adi. 1. Without horns, 
S. h m mi l^ sjnon. A. Bor. ^ dodded sheep, 
dieep wiihont horns ;** OL Grose. 

». Bald, wiihont hair, S. B. 

Bra aale d improved dodded cattle— on the 
of Keilor, IMarehira." Edin. Adrertieer, Aug. 


In' John, altho' ha had ttM hmdi, 
Had twa gad* hja amoog the ImowM ; 

▲ header pind i' honest uuids, 
AaTauan'tlffettTdnlcltl yowML 

Mtg^t Mcuntam Bard, p. 19a 

nilKpa cirea (Ipdded ae an old E. word, rendering it 
**nBhomea: alao^ lopped aa atrae baring the brancnea 
Ml aft* 

Alliad to thia aeema dbdi^ applied to grain, A. 
Bar. ••Jhdnd wheat ia red wheat without beaida ;** 


I>0!DDXB, #• A COW wanting horns, S. 

I>(M>DiB-iiiTTEif8, e. pL Worsted gloves 
withoirt fingens Abeid, Mearns. 

To DODDLE about, v. n. To wag abont ; 
qN>ken of something heavy or nnweildy 
moring now in one direction, then in 

another, with an easy motion, as a little 


with Todle, Toddk, 

child, or an old man, 

Thia aeema originally the 

To DODOE, V. n. ** To jog, or tmdge along; 
Tent, daag^en^. Sibb. But Kilian has not 
this worcL 
•H^taiiK to ilai^ to walk daai^ingly ;** OL Balph'i 

DODOE, f • A pretty large cnt or slice of 

any kind of food, Koxb., Loth.; synon. 


Id. loild^ int^pnun finetnm, tcI membram lai, 
HaldoBKm ; portio et tomna, G. Andr. Henoe^ 

DoDOEL, «• A lai^ro piece or lump ; as, '* a 
dodgel o* bannock, Bozb. 

To DoDOEL, DuDOEL, V. n. 1. To walk in a 
stiff or hobbling way, either f nxn the infir- 
nuty of age, or from grossness of body, 
Aug., Lot£ 

lliia ia eridently the aama with lal. daid^, a^gria 
padibm tnoatere ; daUl, labor, Tel motoa podagromm 
¥el chmdoram ; Haldoraon. 

2. To jog on, to trudge along, Lanarks. The 
same with Dodge, q. t. 

PODOEL-HEM, e. The name given to 
that kind of hem which is also called a 
eplajf; Lanarks. 

DODOIE,ad;. Thin-skinned, irritable, Fife; 
perhaps originally the same with Doddie, 
id. v. unckr DoD. 

DODLIP, «• When a person is in ill humour, 
or disconcerted at any thing, he is said to 
** hang a dodUp^ Boxb. . 

Apparently from Dod, a flight fit of ill homoor, and 
Lip; lynon. with "hanging the fiuple." 

DODRUM, «• A whim, maggot, Ayrs. 

*'Geordie, — ^it'e no to be controvened that ye haa 
gotten yoor father*! bee in the bonnet anent anoestora 
and foffbean, and nae gade can come out o' '^ — ^^ 
hareri. Beenie, my iMdr, ne'er faeh yonr h 

and foffbewa, and nae gade can come out o' ony no 

~ iy, ne'er faeh yonr heaa wi' 
yoor father's dodnoM." The Entail, uL 21. 

I hnow not if thia can hare any afiinity to Dod, a 
pettieh hnmonr. 

DOE!, «• The name given to the wooden ball 
used in the game of shinty, Fife ; synon. 

^ DOER, DoARE, «• 1. A steward, one who 
manages the estates of a proprietor, S. 
Faetor synon. 

"I detiied and ordered J. Moir of Stonywood, to 
intimate to all gentlemen and their doer$, within the 
aaid conntiea of Aberdeen and Banfi^ to tend into the 
town of Aberdeen a well-bodied man for each 100 £ 
Soota their ralued rent, eufficiently doathed,'* ko. 
Order of Lord Lewia Gordon, 12 iMc. 1746, Aaca- 
nina, p. 280. 




2. The attomepr employed by a proprietor, for 
managing hu legal businessi S. 

8. A person employed to transact business for 
another, in his absence ; synon. with factor 
a9 used in EL, ^'a substitute in mercantile 
affairs,'' S. 

**AMBfB^ to the Mid Jmom BichArdboiM— to praf 
MfficMnS/tliat tlie ohapellmno quhilk lia« sabicnmt 
his hand m his huk for Tmouhilo Akx' Lord Forbes for 
the eoome of zstj£ zijd. of a rest of a mare soame wee 
fMiloQr a doare for the said Tmquhile Alex' in hying 
A selling dainitnow be the nid James Btchacdaone," 
ao. Aet Bom. Oodo., A. 1694, p. 370. 

DOFAET, adj. Stupid. V. Duffart. 

DOO, #• The hammer of a pbtol or firelock ; 
called also JDogheadj q. v. 

'*Tha gantlsman supposing they had been discharaed, 
tidcea np one of them m the mormng, oocks it ; — ^he lets 
fall the d(M» tiie pistoU goes ofl, and his wife is killed 
with it." Uw'a Memonalls, p. 225. 

DOO, #• A lever used by blacksmiths in 
tkoerngt Le. hooping cart-wheels, &c. Roxb. 

Tmt. AiMiAi denotse a staves or a beam. 

DOO, Sba-doo, a name given by mariners to 
a meteor seen, immediately above the hori- 
ion, generally before snnnse, or after sim- 
aet ; viewed as a certain prognostic of the 
approach ct bad weather, & 

U ibii be seen before snnrise, it is beKoTod that (as 
thaj express themselves) it will bark before night ; if 
tmt siinssl, that it will bark before morning ; if while 
the son is np^ tho proenostio is less attended to. Bat 
are not fend of them at any time, especially in 
In mmmer they often prognosticate warm 

The tens, ahhoogh sometimes used as synon. with 

Wmtket-gam, |gn»erly denotes a Inminoos appearance 

of a diflerant kino. For triiile the toeather'gaw seems 

a detached seetion of a rainbow, the i^ has no variety 

' of ooloiii% but is of a dnsky white. 

I can And no proof that the word is borrowed from 
any d the notthecn dialects. It seems to be merely 
a emit tens, invented by seamen ; especially as it is 
oomlBOBly said by them, **That dog will bark.*' 

DOODRIYE, Dog Drave, b. A state of 
min ; often used to denote bankruptcy. To 
go to dog drioo^ to go to^ wreck in one's 
affairs, l£ 

** Ho'a ^me to the dog draM." Bamsay's S. Prov., 

Q. as if one eonld have no employment hot that 

sf driving dogs ; a phrase analogoos to the E. one, 

imdhg opet, a|^ed to old maidS. The Fr. have a 

phiase somewhat similar, Jeiter mm lard aux eAieiM, to 

• spend his fortones idly. 

As written b^ Bamsay, it might seem to allnde to 
■omethin^ cast to the dog-kenneL 

Dog^ntimg m used in the same sense, and confirms 
'the explanation given el the oriffin of the term. 

" 8nre enongh, it is very hara that I cannot enjoy 
myself a few months in town with mj lord's family, 
hat every thing most oo lo IA« doff-dfivpug at Donlara." 
8anmandGad,i ISl 

VOU n. 

DOG-DRUO, #. •* At the dog^rug^" in mi- 
nous circumstances, AbenL 

Appuently fkom do^ and ilriM, to poll forcibly ; as 
eipwsive of the eeventy of creditora to a poor debtor, 
' in allvsion to a parcel ot do^^i palling at a morsel, or 
piece of carrion, eveiy one his own way. . 

DOOOAR, «. '« Coarse iron-stone f Ure's 
Hist, of Rutherglen, p. 286. 

" The most ancommon variety of till — is incombent 
on a ooane iron-stone, or doggarJ* Ibid. p. 253. 

DOGOERLONE. lUn aw gane to doager- 
&mg. He is completely gone to wrecK, or 
min, Lanarks. 

Gonld we snppose that the name dogger had ever 
been given to tne heeper of a kennel, we might oon- 
dnde tiiat the original application of the phrase had 
been to an old or nselees horM, sent to the toan^ where 
he was laid for the ose of this gentleman's family ; 
like the E. phrase, *'gone to the dogk" 

Dooois, 9.pL Swivels, small artillery. 

** llak reddy yoor cannons, bersis, doggit^ doabil 

bonis, hagbutu of croche."— CompL S., pw 64. 
Nona. Fr. daggt, a small gan. 


'* Ane skirt of satein cnttit oat in doggrane*'* In- 
vent. Goods Lady Elis. Boss, A. 1578. 

If not meant for what is now called druaget, pro- 
bably a corr. of Oroqram or grogram ; a staff of which 
a gieat deal was anciently imported into S. V. Rates, 
A. 1611, in va I find, however, that IsL dvtggara le$ 
m the name given to a thick woollen cloth worn by i 
fkom duggarit nanta. 

^ DOG-HEAD, s. The term used to denote 
the hammer of a firelock, or that part of the 
lock which holds the flint, S. 

••And yoa, ye doil*d dotard, — ym stand there ham- 
mering dop'keads for fales that will never snap them 
at a Higmandman, instead of earning bread for yoor 
family, and shoeing this winsome yoang sentleman's 
horse that's jnst come from the north." Waverley, ii. 

It has been saggested by a learned friend, that the 
term had prolMd>ly originated from <f o^, the old name 
for a pistol, q. dag-heaa. Bat the Scots, in oonseqaence 
of their intimate connexion with the French, have evi- 
dently borrowed in this, as in manv other instaacee, 
from them. They have, at least, adopted the radical 
term, merely translating it. For Fr. cAidi, literally a 
dog, alio sisnifies "the snaphaance of a pistol," Cotgr. ; 
Le. the cock. 

Hence, Father Daniel, describing a wheel-lock, aays ; 
Far le mtaie monvement le e&im ann4 d'ane pierre do 
mine, comme le eUm do f asil Test done pierre a fosil, 
etoit on etat d'etre Uch4 dko qae Ton tireroit av«o la 
doigt la d<Stente comme dans les pistolets onUnairee ; 
alors le cAiea tombant ear le roaet d'acier faisoit feu, & 
le donnoit a I'amoroe. VoL L 465. Groee's Milit. An- 
tiq., ii. 291, 292. 

The passage is thus translated, i. 154, N. '*By tho 
same movement the cock, armed with a flint like the 
cock ot a fusil, was in a state to be discharged on pall- 
ing the tricker with the finger, as in ordinanr piatoU ; 
the codt then falling on the wheel, prodaoecl nrn» and 
* oommanicated it to the priming.** 

It might seem natand to suppooe that the name 
had originated from the fancied resemblance of the 
hammer of a gnn-lock to tho head of a dog. But the 




Nfn% wby was thb odlad I7 the IVvneh 
• doff WmH from ill form? Pwhi^rft* 
^-^itimdek opantm; bacMiaa, on the txick«r 
bii^ di»wa»tt «MyM^ IUm at a bone. This 
•MMtobolhiMMnol tlie old term jNopAoimee. M 
JfflMtotlieoook. For It it from Belg. amipAaais q. 
A «mI that «M|M. lUitliroinluriiton theoriffiiiof 
I. Mfli^ M wed in tkk eenee. Heooe, abob ira eee 
^ r niM ^ why a flraloek wbl ^ our fatfacn. called 
MqNMr% beouaa it goei off with a mddenierA. 

DOGh-HIP, «. The fruit or hep of the dog- 
foa^ S. Bosa canina, I^iiu 

DOG^-LATIN, «. •< Barbarous Latin, or 
tegfm,'' Bndd. to. LM. It is that which 
11 commmlj called maearanie. 

^^^ Jft*^, ipeddng of Kennedy*! Tertunent, 

tto hnviaiy.niand with what we oaU i)0a.jLa<iiH and 
the nmM%. XoCte ilf eHMae." Bimn. P., Note p. 243. 
?* ?? ^ **'*^ >^ ^^ ■•BM MiM ««<»« the Tolsar in 
■•— T- P^** Clam. Diet., ▼©. if MCAeeary*! Xofm. 
TUi m Geim. k denominated Uekm4atem, which 

^^^?^^*" fefe * *»-/fl<k, q. that need among 

•Mte TUem«ipoeedtoA.-&ftoe-iae(2^ 

feyK. Alfred, inhm Fkei to the tnmeUtion of Boethine, 

^•^^•^?**.^^**" ^ • V^ *"»1* Onr word aeema 
adioaOty the maw with & Aisvfvl. 

DOGkNASmCES, a. Something of the 
•nM kind with the gall-nnt» proaaced by 
in msect depositing its 00a on the leaves of 
the Saliz lepens, <^ Trailing willow, S. B. 

BOOONIS, a.plL Perhaps, admirers, suitors. 

-^^TUr demlmlHi^ Ssr deme doTtit hif 

-^DttMiKf heldli la dawtf, ^ 

Qihin an the coalm knew their InradMs of &yth. 

Fornix PlSL 

lloii uohahfy, aa Mr. Pink, oonjeotoree, from the 
idea sf ADowiBf one aa a clo0^ whenoe E. fo d^. 


f • The red elder, 

BOQ-BOWANB, 9.pL The benries of the red 
elder, ibw 

DOGh-BUNG, a. One of the vom which 
oonnact the stilts <tf a plough, Qydes. 

Bdlg. Aqv^theitaffolaondcs Teat, cfajs^ amnla. 

DOOS, 9.pL Pieces of iron, having a zig- 
sag form, for fixing a tree in the saw-pit, 
Berwicks.; denominated perhaps from their 
keeping hold as dog» do with their teeth. 

DOGTS CAMO VYNE, Weak-scented fever- 
few, also Dojf-gawan^ S. B. Matricaria 
inodora; Linn. 

DOOSTHEADS. A9 thick a$ d<^i heads, in 
a state of the most familiar intimacy, S. 

The phiaee^ howeve^ ii meant to exhibit thie in- 
timafljy or the caoee ot it^ in a oontemptnons li^t ; 
tad la often onderetood ae eoaveying an iniinaation 
ttel it win not he of hmff eontinvance, and that it 
may he anooeeded by a violent qoarxel, like that of 
dbft whan thqr fan by the eai^ S. 

DOaS-HIPPINS,#./)JL Dog-hips, Aberd. 

Thia word, in ita terminatioD, reeemUea that of the 
8n.-0. name for the aame fmi^ nucpoa. 

DOG'S-LUO, f. The term nsed to express 
the mark made in a book by folding aown 
the comer of a page, from its resemblimce 
to a dog^s ear, S. 

DOG'S-LUGS, f. Foxglove, or Diritalis, 
Fife; apparently denominated from flie re- 
semblance of we leaves to the ears of a 

DOG'S SILLER, Yellow rattle or Cock's 
comb, S. Rhinanthus Crista galli, Linn. 
This name is given to the seed vessels. 

DOG'S-TANSY, #. Potentilla anserina, or 
Silver-weed, S. 

DOG'S-WAGES,s./>JL An emphatical term 
nsed in S., when one receives nothing for 
service more than food. 

DOG-THICE, oc^'. As intimate as do^ S. 

If thoa on earth wooMat live respeckat. 
In few words, hara'a the war to nuke it^ 
Get dlcy^tdfc wi' the piurlah priest. 
To a' m foiblea mould thy taste. 

IVmaaAtZTf J*e$m*, p. 14L V. Tbick. 

DOID, V. tmp. 

—¥n thair aantena he myeht aowayia appeill. 
On derkia doUL gif e thia aenteace be leflC 

JSfenryioa, SanntUjfne Poewii, p. 111. 

Lord BLailea eeema to giye the meaning ririitly ; " I 
leave the learned to determine^ whether the arbitere 
justly repeUed the declinator." More literaUy ; It U 
iHatmbeiU on derki to determine, Ac. But in the GL 
Lord Bailee rendera thia deed, 

jV«^ tf daidf ano. doSU^ it beoomeob from ddvoir, 
de99itp to owe* 

DOID, f. A fool, asot; often, drucken doid, 
Lanarks. V. under Dott, v. 

DOIGHLIN, f. A drubbing, Benfrews. 

y. DiCHALS. 

DOIL, s. A piece of any thing ; as of bread, 
Ang. apparently the same with E. doUf 
which bias been derived from A.-S. dael-an^ 
to deal, to divide. Our word bears more 
resemblance to IsL deih^ i^ 

DOIL'D, DoiLT, adj. Stupid, confused, S. 

D oyf <i anail, 
Tliy Rwsty mtryioM made bat mater 
I could weU follow, wald I saU, 
Or praaaae to fiah within thy water. 

Fohoart, Watmm'e CfolL, Ui. 7. 

He hosts and he hirples the weary day lang ; 
He'a doifTl and he's doiin, his blude it ia froaen. 

^'f & Smg, a 26a 

It's tan to aae I haeaa diet 

Sas doili^ foifoughten, cald, and weat 

JemieenCe Fejpulaif BaXL, iL 837. 




JkUiM HMd in Iht W«l «f IL ia a cogMto 
••r« na M; to telk M in ft daliiMm, wildly, in- 
•ooastontly;'' GL OtOM. DMoOBi^ ibid, lypon. 
in iignifiotttion nraik hay« abp had th* Mme origin. 
/)iMiZ^, talking noBMDM I Snioi«. 

8a.-0. Asol-a, ilnpori tfiOh n tnnei^ wofor graTia 
inter Titam et nioitam} 1^01^ I liwala, Jnoors in aopore; 
Ihrt. Mo«s-Q. dmai^ n fool, italte^ ftttant ; Jnniiii. 
AiMaM$adfMUih. Dwala thOawahikUkgaUMmtum 
fimku, UmL t. SSi Whoaoercr ■hall lay to his 
hroth«; Hioq fool, fto. Jnniva WM pccto thai dwoln 
had andantly danotod a man wandaring with an nn* 
datenninad aoft of gait» Tago atqna incerto paaan 
obamntam, aa ona ignorant of hia way, or inaane ; 
GotiLOL lliianaariTapproaeiiaa to tha idea wa affix 
to iMTdL A.-fl. Me^ tatov^ atnlta% U. dwale, aopor; 
Vggta i dtaola, aopita% aaaa at aaminnratna ; G. Andr., 
9, ffft. IkJigr^ laay, tornid, Sn.-0. daaHa^ mantia 
inopa. Alam. dtui-mi, A.-S. dwoUkuLAtd^mm, Belg. 

agera. Ba>g. dawd-m^ to do n thing Tuy nnhand wwnaly, 
to ftunhla j M^ imanna, dMegd^ inaania, doiUeke^ in- 
■anai Jnn. ^pMd. & diiitt; k naad naariy in the 
•anM aanaa« y» Ovdahtit. 
*«Tolook ti^f^ toaqoinl; OtoB.** (GL Groaa), 

Ktacmlly nf|died ; hacanaa tha ayaa of ona who aqninta 
nuty ba aaid to afro^ from aam other. Ihra Tiewa 
dmilot damUg^ aa danvad firam dam^ daiiqninni animi. 
▼. Daw. 

MTtf kanL •'fiiligaad," in GL A. Do^gki'a Fbana. 
1ft 00001% pb l08i 

Bi hataay dam £? banat to aUip ; 
They aia ftu dmiFd an' weary 
TUa Maiden ni^t 

Iha^d h manly daitdt aeooidiqg to tha Fife pro- 
aanoiatioi^ whieh ohangea oi into on; tmtkepU bouU, 
Lo. Mil. Bnt I heaitato aa to tha propriety of tha 
ospfamation giran. If raaUy thna need, it mvst da* 
Boia that stopafaotion whieh ia tha alieet of fatigna. 

'•JMFd, dead or flat, or not brisk;* Oar. YoriLa. 
BiaL *«J)aiebd; tired ; won out with fatuno orra- 
patitioa, Korth." Groao. 

* DOING, /KiHjM-. Tolidamg. l.Tocon- 
tiniie m «tofii quo^ or to proceed in the same 
waj as before ; without regard to any cir- 
enmstance, that may be apt to interrupt, or 

**Wm hij^uiass immediately aent ba^ tha maatar 
of Olanmiia and tha abbot of Lindona to inform the 
miniotry of their [Hnntly, Angoe and Errol] ooming 
to hii majeaty to craya pardon. — Bnt the miniatiy be- 
ing Jealooa that hia majeetj waa prirj to their coming^ 
miaukad tha matter altO|(ether, and bid hia majesty be 
d o ing ," If^yae's Mamoix% p. 214. 

S. To rest satisfied, to be contented in any 
particular situation, or with any thing re- 
ferred to, S* 
Thia it oridantly a aaoondaiy aenaa of tha phrua. 

8. To bear with, to exercise patience under, 

*'Ha that haa a good ot^h may he daimg with aomo 
ttiatlec" a Pzor. •' If a man hath had a great deal 
of Mod^^oonTeaieneiea, he may bear with aoma nuafor- 
" Kelly, p. ISO. 

DOIB. TMU dbtr, cloth of gold. 

'•Item, ana donblattof twaild doir, ohampit.'' In* 
Tentoriea, A. 1039, p. 42. 
Vt, dToTt golden, or of gold. ▼• Toldoub. 

DOISTER, Dtstab, «. A storm from the 

sea; as contradistinguished from bau-guUp 

which denotes a breeze from the sea during 


Tbia word ia used by the fisharmen in Ang. It 
seems doubtful, whether it be allied to Sa.-G. dfeter, 
Belj^. duiiier, Genn. chister, A.-S. tkyeter, obscunia. 
In ito 8ig[iiification it haa greater affinity to UL ihutar, 
aer indpit indement fieri, a ^erb need with respect to 
winter. G. Andr. refers to (AJotfr, indignation, as ito 

DOISTERT, pari. ndj. Confused, over- 
powered with surprise, so as to be in a state 
nearly bordering on frenzy, Ayrs. 

Tent, dwaeif stolta% insanns, ^dioaea^i, insiper8.)and 
perhape Uet'em, gerere^ hoo ant iUo modo se habere s 
gestirs; q. to demean ona*a aelf lika a deranged person. 

DOIT, «• A small copper coin, formerly 
current in Scotland; said to have been 
equal to one penny Scoto ; or half a badle. 

The fiunons Hector did aa cars 

JTa worth a doU, a phrass nsad to aignily that ona in 
in a state of porerty ; or that he haa no coin, aren of 
tha lowest hind in his pochat ; S. 

Belg. da^ half a farthing. DoWtgm is a hind of 
money prohibited by a statnto of Heniy V. of Rngland ; 
Spelm. Ta (TofiAc^peni. 

DOrr, s, A name sometimes given to a ki 
of rye-grass, Ayrs. 


Berides the oommon, there are two other speden 
of rrs-flrssi^ vis.. Lolinm temnlantom, which naa a 

; and Lolinm anrense, which hss no beard ; 
aom e timea called dan^ or doU," Agr. Sorr. Ayrs., 
p. 287. 

To DoiTEB, v» n. !• To move with an ap- 
pearance of stupor and indolence, S.; synon. 
with Daiif sense S* 

S. To walk in a tottering way, as one does 
under the infirmities of age; conveying 
nearly the same idea with StaUer, S. 

"Thoagh I had sot a fall enmt ahint the hafBt, I 
wan np wi* a warue, an' fan* I conld doUer o'er the 
atonners na'erbetheleaB." Saint Patrich, i 106. 

To DoiTEB, V. ft. To dote, to become super* 
annuated, S. V. Dottt, v. 

DoiTiT, DOTTIT, DOTIT, part adj. Stupid^, 
confused, S^ <&nT<^ synon. 

FnUilMftl was hli held, 

Qohaa he was heriet oat of hand, to hee on my honour. 
Dn a to r , MaUkmd ^oemt, p. 68. Y. DATsn. 

This is eridently an old part. pa. Belg; dot-en^ 
delirare, dai, deUrinm. Dan. doeefe, stopid ; ial. dode^ 
stapor, dod^ia, to stopify, dodinn, dawUf stopid, dod-na^ 
to oeoiMna atapid, to pow imbecile. To tlia aanw 





■M «• to tnoe E. ibte. IMi^ iadaad. ofttn 
thai dottga wUeh prooeedi from aige. 

doUd m iignifying, atapiiL 

M fDMCh Slid doitd iffBOnUMM 

iTo Fall Doited, to become stupid, or be in- 

tiM godly folk nay /oA dotlail [be 
I iaffttuailad] in a day when tlie rengeuioe of 
God ii ready to plndi np a whole land : they may even 
Mi Mud and moco wrong than they were before." 
M. Bknoele LeetnrHi fte., p. 11. 

Doit, #• A fool, a stupid creature, a num- 

Thia mi^t leem orijrinally the mme with E. doU^ eo 
■•w^ aUted in eimiifiieation, which Seren. and Jon. 
dHiTO from A.-S. IK)/, fitaiie. Bat itappeari to ohum 
a dtflbrent origin. V. Dors and Doim. 

DpiTy «. A disease, most probably stupor. 

llMy had thai Belch tiiU not be bat— 
The 1M4 end the DianuL indiflnenUy delt 

iraliMi'j CbttL. liL li. V. Fm. 

DoiTTEBT, adj. In a state' of dotage or 
stupor, S* 

DoTTTBiB, «• Stupidity, dotage, S. 

li It not dodfr^ bee yon drerin, 
Bafknajie to talk fat halit to heaTen f 

PliML Mik & P. it, ilL Sa 

DoiTBiFlED, pari. pa. Stupified; used to 
denote the effects of 'sleep, intoxicating 
Eqnor, or anything else that causes stupe- 
faction* IhUrifi^ with iUq}, — i0tt& drinif 


**BeB [being] daUrVyed with thilke drinke,— I tint 
ilka spank oietUyng qnhair the dog lay." Hogg'a 
Winter Talea, ii. 41. • 

Tkia doeo not appear to hare been a written word. 
II aeema rather of modem date^ end ie fonned in an 
anomelniie manner, by the addition of a Lat. yerK 


DOK. V.DocK. 

The dock, an herb, S. V. 


DOLBERT,#. A stuoid fellow, a blockhead, 
£ttr. For.; synon. Dunderhead, 

Tka firrt eyOable may be from Tent, doi^ dml, mento 
cnptna. XIm origin of the eecond ie more donbtful. 
Kn. bioHe aignifice Inminoue : bat it would beratiier a 
stmined etymon, to eoppoee that the term had been 
focmed to denote a dooded or fantastical light. E. 
Mloitl ia exaetly synon. 

DOLE, ». 1* Fraud, a design to circumvent; 
a forensic term, S. 

**A0 baigains, whiob— diaoover— an intention in 
tmj ^ the co n trae to ia to catoh aome nndoe advantage 
from hie neighboor'a neceaaitice, lie open to redaction 
OK the head of dole or extortion— withoat the neceaaity 
d ptoringany epeeial circomatance of fraad or ctrcam- 
ymAm on the partof the contractor." Enk. Inat., B. 
ir.i.1,127. Vr. doi, UL dol-ui, id. 

2* Malice; also used in this sense in our 
courts of law, S. 


There can be no proper crime withont the ingredi- 
ent of doUf i.e. without a wilful intention in the actor 
to commit it." Ibid., t. 4, f ff. 

— "All orimee reouire aa well malice in the peraon 
aa eril in the thing oone^ that ia, dole and malUta iub* 
Jeeiha m well aa objeetivti.*' Mr. Jamea Guthrie'a De« 
fencee, Acta, Ed. 1814, VH. App. 38. 

" The defunct'a aaaaalting ana invading the pannel 
to be in upon him, did put the pannel out of all hia 
poeturea, ao that albeit he had ahot, yet the law miti- 

Stee and reatricta the puniahment of hia ao doing to 
at of arbitrary, becauae of the grief and fright he 
waa in, that exculpatea from all dole, and renders the 
fact but jmniahable lor want of that exact meaaure and 
moderation in hia defence, that otherwiae men in their 
oompoaure, and without aurpriaal, might otherwiae 
have obeexred." Maolaurin'a Grim. Caai, p. 90. 
Thia ia obrioaaly an oblique and improper uae of the 

DOLE, i. « A doxy,|* Gl. Shirr, perhaps E. 
dottf used Jn a peculiar sense. On this word 
Seren. refers to Goth. dauU^ doely a certain 
njrmph mentioned in the Edda. V. G. 
Andr., p. 46* 

JXyUEST^adj. Mournful, dismal. 

Qohan he had ronng, aa thou may heir, 
Tlie apaoa of thre k fourtle yeir : 
Being in his exoelleat gloir, 
The3ofM< Deith did hun deuolr. 

L^ndaa/a Warkii, 1682, p. 79. 
Lat. dol-eo, dolena, 

DOLESS, DowLESS, adj. Without action, 
destitute of exertion, S. Dainglest is some* 
times used in the same sense. 

Raid ia the fkte o' ony doleu tyke, 
That'a forc'd to many ane he oisna like. 

Fieksm'a Poema, 1788, p. 148. 

" She waa wae to aee ao braw a ^^aUant aae caaton 
down, doleaa, and dowie.** B. Qilhaize, i. 13S. 

Thua Tonth and rigour fenda Itsel' ; 

Ip, reciprocal, ia sutil 
While dovOaaa eild in poortith cauld 


la lanely left to ataiT the atoure^ 

TBumaMUFa Poetic, p. 7Sw 

Sw. dMgioea, id. oppooed to dttglig, and dugUff, able. 
Dwngleaa im probably a more modem word, from the v. 
do; whereaa ddeaa may be from doto, 1. q. y. aa Su.-6. 
duagHoea ia from (fag-o, dog^a, Talere. Siba ia miataken 
in riewing dowUaa aa the aame with thowUaa; for, al- 
though aimilar in aignification, their origin ia different. 

DOLF,arf;. V. Dowp. 

DoLFNESS, 8. Want of spirit, pusillanimity. 

How huge do^Ma, and schamefol cowardiae. 
Haa rmbeaet your mindis apoun aio wyse T 

Doug. Virfil, 391. 15. V. Dowp. 

DOLFISH, ». Supposed to be an erratum 
for Dog-fiahj the name commonly given to 
the small sharks along the western coast of 

*'In aummer 1787, there were eeveral companiea of 
nativee employed, and, though of little experience, 
they caught at one eettin^ of 200 or 300 hooka, from 
SO to 80 cod and ling, beaidea a variety of acate, eela, 
dof/Uhi Ac.*' P. Tiry, Argylla. SUtUt Aoc., z. 407. 




DOLL, ». Dan^; but applied exclusively 
to that of pigeons; called 2X>to«-IX>/4 

I OMB hudljwww thii m the nme with E. dole, q. 
the dittribatioii thsl ^geoni maka : 'and yet I see 
nothing better! 

DOLLYy DozjE, DuLLTy Dowie, adj. 1. 
DuU, mournful, melancholy, doleful, S. 

ntir fUs at lut Utjrne thy fkder fa Uw— 

I>oim to the fofstis in cunpe Eayaee 

Sen wend, ana end hie doUy dayis, and dee. 

Dotg. Virga, 47& & 

It were leie tor to teU, d jte or addrssa, 
▲n thair deir eimee in doli§ deayre. 

MtmiaU, iL 9, Ma 

DoUe, enooeoiuly in Edit. 

FUl niott7 Getheme hee he chaitt : 
And emifiied mony Helland gaist, 
Aaeng thay duU^f ^enii. 

^Hiland I\temt, ^ Z89. 

Brhntkoi day he leeks the dowjf rien. 
That he nay eoowth to a' hia moanunff len. 

JboMM/e Peeau, iL a 

H e eng andjplayit, as him behofit, 
The dowif tones and kyee bmentaUl. 

Doti^. VirgH, 821. ft. 

8. Vapid, spiritless ; applied to the mind ; S. 
8. Possessing no power of excitement, S. 

TheyVs dowf and lioivit at the best 
Ihefr Allsgros and a' the rsst 

4. It is sometimes used as denoting the visible 
. effect of age on poetical composition. 

Dowf tho' I be in rastic seng, 

Tm BO a raw beginner. 
Bat BOW aald age teks dowit tnma- 

IV. dfteiL grief ; Ir. doUM, doleful, melancholy ; 
. 8b.-0. daaba^ triatia, which Ihre giFca as a oognate to 
dtOift from fMO, deliquinm animi. V. Daw. 

A. Bor. **dal^, or dawlw, lonely, solitary;** GL 
Oraoa; d^wlp^ melanoholy ; Ibid. 

DOLLYNE,jMire. Buried. 

IMd is BOW that dlvyr and dottyne in erde. 

I hm ba r , JiaUlamd Poem», pi SO. 

Bfidsatly softened from dolven, or dolvifne, as in 
Fkoamt Ftfr. the utft pa. of del/, A.-S. beddf-en^ 
b^-doffm^ bnried, Trom he-ddf-an^ eep«Iire. Teat. 
ileCv-€Bfe rfefagB, inhomare, hamo tegere, eepelire; 

DOLLY-OIL, or EEL-DOLLY, s. Oil of 
any kind, AbenL; Fr. htdled'olive. V.Otl 

DOLPE, «. ** The cavity of the head where 
the eye is fixed,** Rudd. 

Of his S doipt the flowand blade and atir 
He woeche away all with the aalt wetir. 

Jkm^. Virga, SO. 45. 

Badd. viewB this as the same with S. dowp. Bat 
thia is very doabtfoL Doipe, perhapa, is merely the 
deqt place, or hdlow, of the eye ; analogous to the Sw. 
phnee^ cfin/Ni oegom^ hdlow eyce. 

DOLPHIN, Dalphyx, a French gold coin* 
formerly current in S. 

''The orowBO of Fhmoe haoand a orownit llowre de- 
lice on ilk side of the soheild, that rinois now in Fnncm 
for ooarsabiU payment, and the Do/^m Crowne, iUl 
ana of thame haoand conre for W a. viii d.** Acta Jb. 
IL» A. 1S61, 0. 34, Ed. 1566. 

—"The 8alnte, the Rydar, the Crowne, the Dol- 
pUii, to zi a.** Ibid., e. 64. 

In Ed. 1815, in both plaoee Daipkpi ia the ortho- 

lliis eeema to be the coin, which was first atcnck 
hf Charlea V. of France, bearing the title of Daaphin 
of Vienne in addition to that of King of the Froich. 
KA. FRAX. BBX DALPH. TX. Before hia name he canaod 
the fignre of a dolphin to be stnick. On the rereree, 
St. J An appears between a dolphin and a ahield bear- 
ing two doiphina divided bv a email croee ; with the 
inscription s. johaxkis. Thev were yalned as eqaiva- 
Uat to twelTo groats and a naif of the carrency of 
V. Stt Csnge, TO. liameUi, ooL 924. 

DOLVER, «. Any thing large ; as, «' a great 
doher of an apple,** an apple uncommonly 
larse, Fife; synon. with D older ^ Ang., and 
peraaps from the same origin with £. dole. 

DOME, «• Judgment formed concerning any 

T o my dIosM, he said in hia dyting» 
For to be yong I wald not for my wia. 

Fmk. SLP. Repr.. iiL li8L 

Chancer, id. A.-S. Dan. ilom, Alem. dwmit O. 
Belg. doem^ id. from Moes.-0. <lom-/an, laL cfoem-o, 
Alem. duom-eii, Dan. ifomm-er, Belg. doem-em, A.^S. 
dfm-aii, to jndge. 

DOMEROR, «• Said to signify a madman, 

To DO^flNE, V. n. To rule ; Fr. daminer. 


'Hee treading downe the holy dtie k court of the 
temple (that ia, damining and ruling in the visible 
chnroh) and, a long time^ overthrowing therein aU 
true worshippe, — no other poesible aocesse ooald be to 
the temple (tne true church) but through the citie and 
coort (toe viaible church).'* Forb. De^, p. 11. 

" Tei^ some of them are so straited by evident truth, 
that^ with pale faces and trembling uppes, they are 
forced to oonfesse, that probablie, hee may ezpeU the 
Pope from Bome^ and domine there.'* Ibid., p. 61. 

DO^IINIE, 8, 1. A vulgar designation for 
a pedagogue, or schoolmaster, S. 

Then, J)aminie», I you beseech. 
Keep very tu fh»m Baochna* reach ; 
He orowaed all my caret to preach 

With hia malt-biee. 

Forta^a Dowunie Dq^d, p. 20. 

*' There iamuchle to do when Dominies ride.** 8. 
Prov. "for such are not weU provided for riding, nor 
expert at it." Kelly, p. 315. The Ust idea is not 
included. The proverb ezpreesee the great buatle 
made in preparing for a buameea that people are not 
accustomed to. Kelly thoa explains tne term in a 
note ) " Pedagogues, atudente at the univeraity." 

Formerly, toe title uaed to be prefixed to the name. 

*' But there ia one thins remarlcable^ and that'a the 
houee of Domine CaudweU (a formal pedagogue) that 
abeolv'd the thief, and conceal'd the thief, so lost hie 
breeches." Franck*8 Korthem Memoirs, p. 114. 




1> SoBMiiinet used as % oontemptaons name 
for a mmifter, S. 

. MfaMart'flipradtarauMirUiBittti 
fW lidlM eoidiiiiet-fM, iMldit : 

Ita booki aad gowu an aU eritd dowB. 
«b AsnMw temt, laddie, 

Jlttwii'« A Amv, L 179. 
t» hKW Imd ita origin, aa applied to a 
J> froai the cjicomatance of his being ad- 
4toi. ,,.3^i?»P^*»f*w«^tau^ 
g? J^ ^m im t, Su. We learn from Dn Cange, that a 
?:?jy\^ Abbot» or eren a Canon, was oommonly 
*■■"■"■* '^■'■M in aaeient timea. 

DOMLESS, oc^. Inactive, in a state of 
ksntade ; applied to both man and beast; 

Ilia Inaifemd to mia, when it haa been ao mnch 

2K^i7.;*^ *^-r« "^^ ^ ™»We to Buatain the 
*^*««»««». ^faiiip it need as aynon. 
ULAHMr,gaato^ aaper, andfoiu^ aolntiia,q. taste- 

DON, #• A gift, a donation, Ayrs. Ft. 

PON|». ' A faronnte, an intimate friend, S^ 
l ^niape from Hisp. Don^ a title of honour; 
q« one held in high estimation. 

DO-NAE-BETTER, #. A substitute, when 
OM can find nothing better, S. 

DO-NAE-qUDE, Ddwaoood, e. 1. One 

whc^ by his conduct, gives reason to believe 

that he will <b nogocd, Ayrs^ South of S. 

-Ha • • 

pot OQt a book, whereby he haa 
an tlioae that had foretold he i^iUdbe mdo- 

*• Annala of the Parish, p. 338-9. 
.^ "fcyi to the tither, jnst as it were by chance. 

*. One who is completely worthless, S.; 
ojiMMi. Wet'dfHweeL 

^"Hew—beldam— whrt mak'st thoa there?" 
««lAymf the longhiea to keep the canld winfrmyon. 
^ui^^i^^^^if^^ **7 Mannering. iii. &. 
"I* » by them that I h«5» the db-fwe-mSrf may get 
efwhrnpnaert danger.** Sir A. Wylie, u. 14a 

DONATAK Y, DoNATOUK, #. One to whom 
•■cheated property is, on certain conditions, 
made over, S. 

i-"i& ^^J^Vf^^^^ >^«^ ^ pUoe of letain. 
iS^'^'S^^^^^^^^i^'^ donatory." Ersk. 

▼ «^*°" * Amoftwr;- Abeid. R^., A. 1065, 
1^. dmataSn^ L. B. doMUor4ut, ia cni aliqnid 

DONCIE, #. A clown, a booby, Ettr. For. 


DONGIN, DoNOTK, DouKOiK, parL pa. of 

DONIE,#. Ahare,Ang. 

II iaptobable that this word haa either originaUy 
f y™ ^ a «•*» or been formed from A.-S. don, a 
yong do^ (damnk» Lye) to which a hare might be 
oompand fcrito awif tness. 

DONK, adj. Damp, moist, E. ctoiJt 

The doQy dikis war al dbia and wate. 

JOowg, Viirga. KL L 

fiu.^. dmk-m, id. mnddosr Belg. teNet-cN, to 
rteep, tomOUnk hy steeping; Sn.^, dak, term nli- 
gi»)sa, UL iloel^ panra forea. 

DoNK, «• Mobture ; or perhaps mouldiness ; 
pL dankia. 

Bedowfn in cbnKf depe was enery sike. 

Am^ Ftrpa» 901, la 

DoNKiSH, adj. Bather damp, Boxb. V. 


To DONNAR, V. a. To stupify, Fif e. 

TIs Bo^ the dsmsg'd heady gesr 
That dtmntOTt dasa, or dsTsr. 

A. lkmgUuf9 Pomi, p. 141. 

DONNARD, Donner'd, adj. In a state of 
gross stupor, S. This word is more em- 
phatic than doUit. 

MDnflln and want of wit makes aold wives don- 
mard;" Bamsay'a S. Vtov., p. 22. 

—Worthy BrisUe, not me donnor'd, 
Pt es si f M this bonnet, and is honoiu'd. 

lUtmmt^t Poeau, iL 640. 
Tlie donnort bodle eroon'd right lowne, 
Whyle tsars dreeped a' his ^k beaitl down. 

Rimaint qfjrUhsdale PoeMu, p. 8. 
Either from Germ, donner-n, to thunder, q. stupified 
with noise, like bedunderi; or perhaps rather from 
8q.-0. . doan-o, animo alienari, or ao/h^ atupera, 
dttfwpen, IsL dojSn, stnoidus ; to which we may suppose 
8n.-0. Off, indoles, aaded as a tennination, q. of a 
stupid nature, or habitually stupid. A. Bor. tfuniiy, 
des( and (liiiil,atupified, are probably allied. V. Daw. 

DONXARTNESS, e. Stupidity, S. 

DONN AT, DoNNOT, e. A good-for-nothing 

**Bnt then, aa to fending for herself; why she's n 
bit of a Scotchwoman, your Rererence, and they say 
the worst cfemiol of them can look out for their own 
turn.** Heart of Midlothian, iii. 182. 

** Donnamghi, or Donnat, i.e., Do-naught. A good* 
lor-nothing^ idle perMm." Torks. Groee. 

Dan. doegenighi, "an idle rascal or rogue," Wolff. 
Thia may have been formed from Su.-0. £tg^ doa-a, 
Talere^ praeatare, and ieke, non; q. "one who does 
nothing,^ or " is of no aTaiL" 

Perhapa we find the word in that form in which it 
haa been transmitted from our Belgic ancestors, in 
Tent, deugk-niei, nequam, furcifer, homo aemissis, — 
nullius fntgis, pcofligatus, perditus ; Kilian. 

DONITD, jKirt. adj. Fond, greatly attached ; 
as, *<That cow's a donn*d brute, i.e^ veiy 
fond of its owner, Meams. 

Thia ia moat orobably allied to Su.-0. daan^ (pron. 
dbn-o) animo alienari, deliquinm pati ; IbI. dan-a, id. 
VeroL TO. DaU. Aa E. fond, by which donn'd ia 
lendered, aeema radically to imply an attachment 
inelndinff the idea of folly or fatuity, the same idea of 
mental debility might be originaUy conveyed by this 

DONSIE, DoxciE, adi. 1. AflfectedJjr neat 
and trim, implying the idea of self-impor- 




tance ; f roquentlj applied to one small in 

Wtm fM^d as lUt as a new preen, 
AMnpl btr Iwada nod and been ; 
Bm p«wth«r gUoo'd npo' your Ma 
A dbiMif wife And dMn 
Without d«lMt«. 

S* Used obliquely to signify pettish, testy, S. 

'*I wkh joa would tpMk to tho elden— no to be 
owly hnid on that poor doiwie things Meg Millikin, 
•bout b«r bnizn." Aynbire Leontees, p. 17. 

*'X1m qoMn in going on— Bat wbat u to become of 
tbopoor dantfe womna no one oan ezpoond." Ibid.* 

'S. Sancy, malapert, GhiUoway. 

Maie I tboa domtM Ilmmer, wbo dott Ungb, 
An' ckw tby hoogh, et Dangling poeti. oome. 
An' o'er my genioa eteok thy knotted thongs 
tlMt myoU leetiTe Ally nuy go on 

4. Restive, unmanageable ; as applied to 
horsey S. 

That j% wm trfd^* ilee, tn' ftmnie, 
ze ne'er wee dotuit / 

Bnlhemelj, tnwie^ quiet, tn' cannie. 
An' nnoo un f^ f 


5. Heavy, severe; applied to strokes, Gallo- 

Iben eeme n betdi o^ webeter ladi,— 
Wba' gled them monie a dmuit bleed* 

iML, pi 79L V, Blad, Bllad, e. 

6* Unlndgr, ill-fated, in r^;ard to accidents 
of an unfortunate kind, ualloway. 

atnif^t down the eteep tb^ dide wi' eenny cei% 
^•Wm fmr & iummi inm, fauo the etraem. 


7« ^^Unluckyt" applied to moral conduct. 

]« fcr their thongbtleie, eeielete eekei, 

Wonld hero piopoie defeneei, 
Tbeir dbMif trioke. their bUck miftekei, 

Tbirir fiiilinci end miechenoeia 

iNdL, iil. liL 

8. Sometimes signifying stupid, Boxb. 

••Jhmde. dnnoe-Uke, dnil, itoptd ;** GL Stbb. 
I mnmel thnt Dmuk^ as eignitying onlncky, ic ndi- 
onUf n diflnrent word ; moot probeb^ allied to Ir. and 
QneL domoMf domu, dietreas, miaery, ill-luok ; Obrien, 
. Shaw. Jb bkntr erfoit<ma» nt yoar calamity ; Lbayd. 

9. Sometimes used, but I suspect improperly, 
in tiM sense of ^dull and dreary, Ol. 


Hee thoa with Roeienieiana wanderL 
Or throT eooM tbmeU detart dandert f 

net with thy mafric, towa and landart, — 
Man n* come tnicue to thy atandart 
AmtZfen, JUm9tt/a Poemt, iL 831 

Dlonely dainty, ovor-nioe in eatings OL Oroee, aeemi 

originnlly tho eame. 

Better rough and aonaie, than bore and domie; " 

thoogh not 10 nenl andniceb than too maoh oleanliiieaa^ 
with penuy | " p. SS. 

Tho only probable origin I havo obeerred, ie Qerm. 
dim»'m, to iwell, ele^yn, taigere^ intomeeoere, Wach- 
ter ; a freqaenta^TO from (Mn-en, id. wliich he Tiowa 
M a Tory ancient v., giving birth to dun, a hill, du^-^n^ 
feathen qnoe depnioiae reanigant et otovaatnr. Belg. 
dona^, downy. 

DoNsne, Doncib, «• A stupid, lubberly fel- 
low, Boxb. 

Teat. <ioiiee, aoeptnim morionia, Thia 9. term aeems 
to have a oonmon origin with E. Dunee^ *'a word of 
nnoertain e^ymology,''^as Johna. obeervee. Serenios 
raf en to Sw. dmrnnr^ homo pede grnviii dwu^ roditer 

I beaitate wfaother wo aboold odd Dan. duntUg^ 
doomy, miaty ; O. Geim. domt^ vapor, nebnla ; por- 
napa tranafeired to the 

DONT, DouNT, g. A stroke. V. Dunt. 
DONTIBOOBS, DouimBOusis, $. pL 

''The onld DomUboMrt, and athera that long hod 
Nmrt. and iiee no remiaaioon of au 

•arfodinthe oonrt, 
hot by Tortew of the Meea, oiyed. They wold to Ftonce 
withmit delav, th^ ooald not live without the Meea. 
The aame affirmed the.Qaenea Undea." Knox, p. 284. 

— " In the palooe of Hulyrodehoaa wer left oertane 
ilon<i6o«iri^ and nthera of the French mense, qoho 
loleed np thair Meea, more pnblictly than ther had 
done at any ^yme befoir.— The Prieat and the French. 
Damea being af rayed, maid the achoat to be eent to the 
tann. And Madame Baylie, ICaiatrea to the Qaenis 
i^oimti5oiirii^ (f6r Maidea that court coold not them 
weiU heir) pootod ana with all diligence to the Comp- 
troller." Ibid.,p.S3S. i>MJiliftertf, Lond. Ed., p. 3& 
i>0f^y6eiirii^ MS. L 

The only conjectnro I can fonn oa to thia word, 
iai that if it hoe not a worae meanings it denotes 
pcMtonerj^ from lir. damter, domier, to anbdae^ and 
doMTM^ n pnne^ q- thoee who emptied the Qoeen's 
pone. I anapect^ howerer, that the term, eepeeially 
oa oppooed to ifakCai^ rather aianifiea that theee wera 
i>amefof eaayviitne. DiMlif, Mich ia probably oontr. 
from the other. itiU beara thia meaning. Thia bourtc 
might admit of a metaph. aenae, to be f oond in Diet. 
Tnrr. Lyndaay eeema to oae it in aonm aneh 

-Fair weill, ye get na mair of me. 

I contempt of a vde taiUli, 
Aot daddroonia and domiUibouna throw the 
dnbbia tnilUa, 

Lfkdmiff% Wartu, 1S82, p. 81L 

DOOBIE, DowBiE, «. A dull stupid fellow^ 


DOOCK, Duck, «. A kind of strong coarse 
cloth, manufactured in the coast towns of 
Aug. One kind of it is called ioU-doock^ 
as being used for sails. Pron. doock. 

" The women in particolar, aptn a greet deal of lint 
into coane yam for the dnek or aau-cloth factocy.'* 
P. Menmuir, Forfiara. Statiat. Ace., t. 154* 

Heb. p% doA^ aignifica a piece of thin linen, lintenn 
tenne ; a curtain, laa. zl. 22. 

Tout, doeck, pannua, linteom, Kilian; Dan. duug^ 
Sa.-0. iImI^ Germ, tuck, 'vdLfadenig tuck, coane doth i 
Sa.-0. ttgtl'ditk, aail-cloth, canTaa ; laL doifc-r, pannoa 




To DOODLE, DouDLB, v. a. 1. To dandle, 

II JwotM tiis BMilkMi giTM^to AB iiifuit, wheo St 
b toMad ^ and down in om's annt; hoUU; hcmd. 

If tint iIm lit BOW wl' Uln, 

At I trow vmI ibe ba^ 
X kavt Ml avid wife to my mither, 

Wm rfawiffg it oa bar kna^ 


Anlha waa tana to CndnadiaB't halL 

181? p. 608. 
Iha pnmnidBtioB ia iloodEe. Dtifdk^ id.» Fif a. 

f • Metaph. applied to the drone of a bagpipe. 

''If tha aouatTB-foIk tak tlia tangi and tha pdcer, 
jail eiy oa tlia baillia and tha town offioera. But on 
aaa arant arjr en ma ; for I am waariad wi' doudling 
tba bag o' wmd a' day, and I am gAnn to eat my dinnar 
^nia4yintbaapanoa." Tklm of my Landlord, ii. 72. 

II woold aaam thai tha root ia Id. <f m-€^ cf jf-€^ raci- 

doHdolmt^ Balg. 

IX>OF,«. A doll Btnpid f eUow. Y.Dowf. 

D0OF» DooiT, $. 1. A blow with a softish 
body, as wiUi a peat, cloth, book, &c.; 
Olydes^ LotL, Soath of S. 

''Thay had gottan aoma aair doqf^—Th»y had baan 
iKiiblyBaikitanddadditwi'aonMthing.'* Browniaof 
BodabMMTuS. V. Dun. 

Balffi diff-e^ to poah, to bnti ; dof, a pnah, throat. 

U9t taoun, uaidOBBon*; nrat. d4iit dwU; Dvdis, 
tbal» qnaaaabatnr, O. Ancfr., p. 60. 
;. dtdbKr, doddk^-er. Itat dm 

S. A hollow-soiinding fall, like that of a loaded 
tack oomiiig to the groand, Ettn For. 

"Boddia thai I wad eonpb that I mnchtna_gie a 
A^tf^IbvUitlitharlyadown.** Hogg'a Wint. filea, 
IL4L v. Dun. 

DOOE, #• A peg, a small bit of wood driyen 
iato 1^ lime wa^ for holding a nail, S. 
Balffi daaXg^ a stoppla or phigi 

DOOL, 9. The goal in a game. Y. Dulel 

DOOL, 9. To thoU the doolj to bear the 
ponishment, or evil consequences of any 
thing, Ang. 

Ta aia^ duMll^ to lamant, to moun, 9. 

la thna a wblm-tnipired fool,— 

LbI bim draw near. 
iknd owra thla graaay tanmnng doai^ 

Anddrui a tear. 

A. 5«r«r« Bj^Uofk^ Bwfu, iii. 844. 

A.-& delQt alao doOt, a woond, ia. tha only word of 
Goth, ocupn that aaema to haTo anv affinity. £. doie^ 
oM^ nducaUy tha aama^ which Johna. derivea from 
Lai. d^htr^ ia mora immadiataly allied to iV. deuilf id. 

DOOL-UKE, adj. Having the appearance of 

'*Tian of poor and friandlaaa Zion, now going 
rfaaf-fc'ly in aackdoth, aro np in heaven before our 
Lord.** Rnthaiford'a Lett., T. i. ap. 03. V. Pivli 


DOOL, 9. A large piece, Ayrs. ; doUf E. 

Mow, wffl yapfednme, gif yaplaaaa, 
I baa a Maay dooTo' cheeae. 

/Hdsm't /\W8U, 1788. p. 48. V. Do£U 

DOOL, 8. An iron spike for keeping the 

S' ints of boards tc^ther in laying a floor, 
oxb.; synon«l>tM>£ 

Tent, doif doUe, pogio^ aica. 

DOOL, 8. A blow or stroke, properly one 
given with a flat body, Fife. 

Sometimea tha phraaa ia need, 1*11 dool you, i.a., I 
will ^va yon a drubbing, ibid. ; pron. q. Dule, 

Thia oaa of the term aeema to originate from Dool, as 
denoting poniahment, q. t. 

DOOL-AN'EE, hUefj. Alas, alackaday, 

Bat deU mCmi or I was wattan, 
Tbey had secnr't your aenran' rattan. 
TAs Twa RaiM, Pidten^s Poem»^ 1788, pi 41. 

Dookuue, GL ibid. 

J>ool eTidently meana sorrow, E. dole. The termina- 
tion ia the same aa in Alactanee, ^. r. Perhapa it may 
be q. dool an* wae^ "Grief and misery,** A. -9. toeo, too, 
miaaria, aa in Wtdawa. 

DOOLIE, 8. 1. A hobgoblin, a spectre, S. B. 

"The dooUe, howoTer, ia aaid to have been aoma- 
timea aeen. Thia malign spirit, like the Water-Kelpie 
of Dr. Jamieaon, waa wont to haont the forda and 
decayed bridgea, where he waa particularly officioua in 
inveigliog i& nnwary traFeUer, to take the moat 
perik>us tract. It ia long aince he baa ceased to be 
mischieyoQS ; and having of course loat all credit, he 
haa now dwindled down into a mere acare-crow." 
Agr. Sury. Kinourd., p. 428. 

2. A scarecrow, a bngbear. A potatoe-doolie^ 
a scarecrow erectra to frighten the crows 
from rooting up the potatoes in the field, 

The praoiaa origin aeema vncertain. But there is a 
Tarietyof similar terms in other languages. A.-S. 
deotd^ dlabolua, cfieiltl, spectra, Chxon. Sax. A. 1122. - 
bl. duaUnn, a pigmy, Edda Saemund. p. 377. ioUi 
dotaar, Satyra, aan apeetra, tunc temporis (during 
Tue) visn crebra, q. imle dooUee ; dooCg^ militia, Q. 
Andr., p. 60. 134^ 

DOOLLOUP, 8. •* A steep 9hankj or glen, 
where two haughe are exactly opposite to 
each other," Ayrs. 

By an intelligent ooneapondent of that countjr, it ia 
snppoaed that thia muat be the word which Train haa 
given from E. Dictionary, in the form of Dallop, 

— Withont a lash, without a snag. 
Or efea saddla on the naff, 
BoUi rock and dollop gsllops o'er— 
—O'er dingle and dollop the dogs Ughtlr bound, 
Inluding the breeas of the blooa-sprinkied ground. 
Sindna qfthe MounUnn Mute, p. 66, 76. 

Aa E. daUop denotea a tuft or dump of trees, tha 
term could scarcely be used in thia sense. In regard 
to the first part of the word, there can be little doubt 
aa to the origin. For aa in the Goth, dialects Dal is 
the general term for a valley, C. B. d6l Bi|^fies con- 
vallu, "a dale, or mead through which a nver runs ;" 
Owen. The source of the last syllable is far more 
doubtful. In the same language ob signifies ** a going 
oat» a going from.** Or can thia be oorr. from laL 




* dblpirp^ eoBTaOisf OrahiUwovitwitMaoombiiiA- 
Umiddai, 0. K d^ uid hap, km, •«» itoping hoi- 
low bttwMB two hilli?*' The mta ■eemi much older, 
■olwithetMidiBff the orthography enployed, then to 
admit of the idea of S. laun, a leap, eDtering into ita 
fomatioB, aa if it denoted a plaee where one might 
kmp fgom one dale to another. Ihre haa obaenred, 
lh» Idiot Hambaxy., p. 3S» that the Saxona to thia 
day Me dol in thia form, wpim dd» aapra et infra; vo. 
. DoATallia. 

DOOL^IE,^. A frolicsome mod thoughtless 
wonuuit * Ayrs* 

Teal did, mente eaptnai doi-^a, etnre. Sil-O. 
doUt, anoepa f"^"*^, inoooatanak 

DOOMS, adv. Veiy, absolutely, Soath of S. 

*«Thia ia bat doahtfa' after a', Maiater Gilbert, for 
it waa not aaedipoiM likely that he woald go down into 
bottle wi' dek ama' meana." Gay ICanaering, ii 186. 

••«Aweel^'he nid, <thie aold be nae aick doouM— 
desperate boainMieaiely.'" Ibid., iii 100. V. Dotv 

DOOMSTEB, «. A judge, one who pro- 
nounces doom. 

**The]aw shall never be my iloomjler, byChriet*e 
g poe." Bntheiford'a Lett, P. i ^ 196. V. 

DOON, $. 1« The goal in a game, Dumf r., 
Galloway ; synon. Dool^ Duk^ S. 

Lem valid, mme. 

Thoorii not le« deztroot, on the peddeiM green, 
ftae ooon to tfpomihoot fbith the penaTtUBe. 

*« Staaema, p. S7. 

S. The place where a game is played ; as, iht 
Barky Dooim. the place for playing at 
Barltjf'lnmk^ Dumf r. 

Oon. iImm aigniflei high ; foinan, Htgm, a hillock ; 
alaoaplain,agreen,orleTelpla(oei Pryoeu CKtoii, 

.To DOON, DouN, V. a. To npset, to over^ 
tarn, to throw over, as in wrestling, Roxb.; 
most probably formed from the prep. 

DOON, DooNS, adv. Very, in a great de- 
gree, v. DoTK and Deik. 

DooNBiK, adv. Veiy, the note of the super- 
lative, Roxb. 

At lart thert eeme free W ^ha', 

Some iMag lival that be mw. 
Wr rfller ^t an' glowlag phii. 
Bat acarm me dooNMn wUte ai hia. 

il. 6bpM'« ^poie, pw Ur. 
Pariiapa the termination m ia ootr. fawn the oopu* 
ktireoad. ZWiMtnoiAttemaythaabeifeoiieaii'trAftr^, 
like 0€$ and wtU, pretty well, pton. q. Myon weiL 
y. Git, Gat, a^, 

DOONLIMB, adv. Idem. KiW no tkai doanlim 
ill; You are not very bad^ or, you do not 
ail much, S. B. - 

fSoHMd by the addition of the termination Urngu, 
q. T. 


Ihe dark aad cfoer made their last boor. 
And pnv'd their flaal fa* man. 

HiCwn't & PlNBU^ iL 46L 

vol. IL 

The eonnexion nndoabtedly aaggeete the idea of 
aome oiFenaiye and mortal weuon ; and it merite ob- 
aenratiott that Id. daur, alao aoor, aignifiee a sword ; 
G. Andr., p. 47. Hetraoeeit toQr. So^, haata. Doorr, 
haeta ; Haldorson. There ia no Gaet term that re- 
eembloe this* 

DOOR, «. To be Put to the Door^ to be 
ruined, S. 

**Early rising ia the first thing that jniCf a man to 
the door,'* S. Prov. 

*' In the Scottieh phraee to Ae iwf fe CAe lieor is to be 

"in tM Cksomen pnrase ut oeput to Me ifeor is to be 
rain*d ; eo the ieet lies in the doable signification of 
the word, for when a man riaee eariy he will soon bo 
to the door." Kelly, p. 08. 


Open Doobs. It b a proverb universally 
known in S., ^'At open doore dogs come 
ben.** Kelly, p. 23. But our forefathers 
had perhaps a more important object in 
view. To Keep doors open after gloaming 
is considered, by the superstitious, as tanta- 
mount to an invitation to evil spirits. They 
are therefore carefully shut, in order to 
keep out these unwelcome visitors; Teviotd. 

Totak th4 Door on omie back^ to pack off, to 
be gone ; a low phrase, S. 

"Stop the null, Sannen Paton, and come out, and 
ktk tht door om ^ur back." R. Gilhaiae, ii. 313. 

Perhape the original meaninff had been. Carry off 
the door with yoa, aa one who haa no intention of re- 

ToDOOSSIL, v.a. To beat, to thump, 

DooissiL, e. A stroke, a thump, ibid. 

Perhape a dimin. from J>oue€, Doyct, Ihueh, v., to 
give a doll heaTy atioke ; Belg. doe$-€n, palaare cam 

DOOZIL, e. 1. A term used to denote an 
uncomely woman, S. B. 

2. A lusty child, S. B. 

Id. du$iil, serms, eerralns^ G. Andr. 

DORBEL,«. Anything that has an unseemly 
appearance, Ayrs. 
GaeL dairbtk, dar^ a worm, a reptile. 

DORDEKMEAT, «. A bannock or cake 
given to farm-servants, after loosing the 
plough, between dinner and supper, Ang. 

According to eome^ this word, in former times, sig- 
nified a certain qaantity of meal allowed to reapers for 

I hare nowhere met with the term Dordfr-meat, but 
in a trifling chap book, which contains several anti- 
quated woras ased in the Carse of Oowrie and Angua. 

**The ha* stood just i' the miOs o* the floor, an the 
sin eame in at the wast winnock fan the lads got their 
dorda^meaL'' Heuy Blyd's Contract, p. & 

Here it eridently refer* to an evening repast. 

Thia is reckoned a very ancient word, and there seema 
to be good rsaeon to thmk eo. It has nnqaeetionably 
a near affinity to Sa.«G. dagwerd, property brsakfaat. 
bat aaed to denote anv meal, from dag, day, and wanl, 
food, becanae thia fooa ia taken at the entranoe of th« 





•^* i^M( A bmI» or MiM liiiiJlAr wofd, ii vndflN 
■lood. U ii aooMtiiiiei azprMMd ; m dogoerdar moH^ 
Ui^m/^. Tliii in & would be the liottler fluot 

Y^ ^mdaf» into dawerk, dark, darg. ULdagverdmr 
toolM diniMr, daptspimiidii, m naUvmi-ur is rapper; 
v^ iuwr., pu S58» 

To DOBE, 9, a. To make one deaf with 
noise, Qrk&w 

RMMproporiy to denote the ttapor ooeenoned 
l^dat nom 8a.<iO. daart, (ptoo. dort), ataltiif. Akm. 
Mr/ SiL-O. datur-a^ (ie. cfer-a), infatiiara. 

' DORECHEEK, #. The door-post, S. 

*«The Best tiiiii^ I admin in it [the Ptatheon] ie 
M f0or»«Aedb and ooaple^ which is ell of one peece 
«f white marble." Sir A. BeUoor's Lett, p. 137. 138. 

Tb hii dbrMMt I knpt the daik. 

MmdnUg Border, lit 8631 

^ •*! kwfc jOttVe within doors,— for I saw ye at the 
fMfvcleeft as loam o'er the bent** Tklee of my Land- 

fann as h . **dMrtckBekB, the frame of wood to which 
doon ha^g;" TSm Bobbuiss The ««door-posto;'* Gxoee. 

DOBE-CSOOE, $. The hinge of a door, 

. — wV a doo^ and irog, a hook, IsL krok-r; 

bsiag aadently made in a hooked form, to drop 
■oekets in the waU. ' 

DOSEN, #. A term nsed, in Orkney, for the 
piirpo8e of imprecation; as, ,^ Daren tak 
Jou, or, ^JDoren upon you.** It is viewed 
•8 equiTalent to Muehief, Sorrow, Devil, &c. 
Ii 18 synoo. with Trow. V. Trow, v^ 2. 


WaDaoSp ttai said, the Kfaig dflshia that ye 
Ihrm battain la craell be to ■•, 
And chaifas yow to fbcht on hit lyooa. 

fTaltaci. xL S24, Ma 

probably atgnifles ilore, from A.-a dear, 
andere; espeeiaDy as this question follows, ▼. 

WaDaos, Aw ye fo fiMht on our lioan ? 
laBdil 1848b howerer, it \m dirm^ haUeO. 

DORESTANE, $. Thraihold; q. eione of 
thedoor,a V.DuB. 

**t he Scottish fairies— sometimes reside in rab- 
tsRaaean abodes, in the vicinity of hnman habitation^ 
waeeotdinatothepopiilarphrase, under the (/oor-«<aM<^ 
cr ttraaholdi in which aituation, they aometimes 
Mlabiiah an interoonrse with men, by borrowinic and 
l a mKna^ and other kindly officea." Scott'a Minstrelsy 

la Kfet howerer, and perfaape in other counties, 
fjmOnekold is Tiewed as different from the doreetame. 
T • TaanHwoBT. 

** I scarsd them wi'onr wild tenantry, and the Blae- 
Iven, tiiat are bat ill settled yet, tiU they dunt naon 
strand whatsosTer gang ower the dortetane after 
"" WaTttriey, ui. 359. 

DORE-STEP, DoRB-STAP, f. 1. The thresh- 
old, S.; synon. inthDore^tane. 

••A litfK knrely binr, dressed in green, [a fairy] 
to her, saying^ 'Coupe yere diah-water farther 

complied with, and plenty abode in the good wo- 
man*a houae all her daya." Ritn^in^ of ifithadale 
Song; p. 301. 

S. The landing-phce at a door. South of S. 

**I threw off my ahoea,-4md then went to the door, 
whsfesoon thedear delightful creature came, and opened 
it ao aoftly, that I did not hear it, though atandmg at 
the landing-place, or door-eUp, em they oill it therok" 
Bogg'a Wmter Tales, i 243. 

DOBLACH, «• 1. A bundle, apparently that 
kind of truss, formerly worn by our High- 
land troops instead of a knapsack. 

^ ''Those of the English that came to Yiait our camp^ 
did gase much with admiration upon theae aupple fel- 
lowa [the Highlanden] with their plaida, taraes and 
cioriacA«." BaUlie*s Lett., i. 176. 

GaeL dmiack, a bundle. 

It is ezpL, in the QL, " dagger or short sword.** 

2. A portmanteau. 

"There's Vich Ian Vohr has packed hiseforfacA, and 
Ifr. WaTerley's wearied wi* majoring yonder afore the 
mnckle pier-glass." Waveriey, ii. 289, 290. 

••Galium told him also^ tat his leather dorloch wi* 
the lock on her was come frae Doune, and she was 
awa' again in the wain wi' Vich Ian Vohr*s walise." 
Ibid., JL 819. 

DOBLACH, DoBLOCH, $. A short sword, 
a dagger. 

"That all ytheris of lawer rent and dogra haue 
briffsntinia, &o. And in the hielandia, haberachonis, 
st efl bonn e ttis, hektonis, swerdis, bows and dorlockie 
or colneringis, vnder the pane^'* Ac Acts Ja. VL, 

— >"Wtheris thair complicis cam — to the number 
of penonnes, bodin in hosteill manor with hagbutis, 
mnes, pistolles, carabines, swordes, tairgi% oowes, 
moHaickee, snd wther inyasiTe wapones,'* Ac. Acts 
Cha. L, Ed. 1814, V. 367. Ibid., p. 382; coL 2. 

Sir W. Scott ia inclined, with great appearance of 
tnitii, to derive this from IsL dour, door, a sword 
(V. Dock); remarking that, "in heraldiy Highland 
sworda are called dowriaehe» Description of Lorn Kae's 
Arms snd Supporten." 

In describing the arms of Lord Bae, liackenzie uses 
the term dagger, as would seem instead of dourlaeh. 
Heraldry, p. 66. 

DOBN£L| ». The fundament of a horse; 
a term used by horse-dealersj South of S. 

DOBNELL^f. Lolium, K (iam«^ 

" We— confesse that dom^ cokkell, and caffe may 
be sawin, grow, and in greit abonnd&nce ly in the 
middis of the quheit" Acts Mary, 1560, Ed. 1814, p. 

DOBNICK, s. [of Deomiek in Flanders,] 
*^ A species of unen cloth used in Scotland 
for the table," Johnson, 

It is propsrly linen cloth, having certain figures 
raised in the weaving, diajper. This term has oeen 
supposed to denote cUunask, as Mr. Pink, inclines to 
view it in GL But damask is different ; being always 
of finer yarn, and wrought in a different manner, S. 

He fand his chalmer weill anayit 
With domik work on baird displmvit 

Lgndea/e Squyer Meldnan, 1594, B. tri K 

It ia probable that thia atufi^ although originally 
manufactured at Tounay, waa immediately imported 




tnm HnlUiMl, whert Toonuiir it called /loniJdL 
0Lill«i» NomencUt.) i wIimim Ao oloth htA reoaivad 
lUa Biaa. Tlia tann domeel^ howaver, wm fonnarly 
wad Ib X.| for doth mnoa^t at Norwich. 
**No paiaoa ahall wilra orwaana domeekt, or 

Iha miatariaa of weaoiiig of dUnmeekg, 4 
IV of them, within tha aayda citia of 
na ba lioanaad— by tha Mmmqi/* fte. 
16b Bis., e. 24. RaataU. 
**11ia aaid Jonat ancht iiocht to haf ba reaaonna of 
Mpaaehip— idi cuachingia— ft zij aarniotia of damewUt," 
Aot DoBi. Cma, A. 1489, p. 131. 
It ia alao writtan domi^ue, and domewik, 
**Tbit air call hnna twalf aanrattia and ana bnid- 
dMak^d^miqM€,*'ko. Batfonr'a Pncticka, p. 235. 

DORNTK, adj. Of or belonging to Damiei^ 

••Adan^towaU;** Abaid. B^., A. 1538, V. 16. 

DOSNICLE, $. The Vivipaious Blenny, 

''BlmBiiia Yiripania, ViTiparoiia Blanny, Tolgarly 
oaDad Dvmkte." Arimthnotl Peterhead, p. 12. 

Fwliapa from Taut. <fooni«, a thorn, BeUr. doomtg, 
thorny s aa. ''at tha noatrila ara two amaU bearda.*' 
Ptaoant'aZooL, iu. 178. 

DORNOCH LAW. ExpL « Hang you to- 
day, and try you to-morrowy** S.B. 

lliia TOaamblaa Jeddart Judke, q. t. 

DOBOTY, 9. 1. A doll, a puppet. «'A 
dancing Doroty,'' 8. 

8. A female of a very small size, S. 

IVom tha E. aama Doroikif. 

DOBRA, «• A net fixed to a hoop of wood 
or iron, used for catching crabs ; the gar- 
bage of fish, &C., being thrown into the 
bottom of it for attracting them ; Meams. 

Gad. dbf^o, a fiahing'net, Shaw. 

DORSOUR, «• A cloth for hanging on the 
walls of a hall or chapel. 

— **BaeaiTad-4M tha handia of tha maiatar of Sanct 
Antoniaa, a bake, a v^atament of datha of ffold, a 
Twtamant of jSrena TdTat, a fronntaU of ana dtar of 
dotha of goldj a dormntr of dotha of gold, a Iyer of 
TdT«tb a coaching of Telyet, a chalaca, two crewettia 
of aihrar, a ailvar ball, and twa bukea." InTcntoriaa, 
A. 1516^ p. 28. 

L. B. donate, alao cfbraarWiim, paHiom, dva anlaaom, 
qnod pariatiboa appaaditnr, aic dictom, quod aedanti 
id dontfm appenanm ait.— 2>orta/Mi aunt panni in choro 
pandantia 4 aorM> dariooram. 0a Cange. 

DORT, M. Pet, sullen humour, more com- 
monly in pL darts. 

Far SootlaDd alaa baa ta'en the dort,— 
And gin it paw, diell, in a dunt 
Baiiaa aad steer. 

AwtVV Pomnt, pi 216. 
** 7a take lAa dorii, to ba in a pat, or diacontentad 
hnBoar." S. Rndd. 

I hope yt gaid the lady (ak tki darts. 
Vor aio rough oonrting I hae nerer seen.— 

MMi^» Meienort, pi S8L 

*'FSral and foremoat, Andrew, that left you in tha 
dofUf m going to many Nanny Kemp, ana they ara 

intandmff to tak np a pablic-hooaa ; bat» aaid I to 
Jenny Galbcmith, Andrew will ba the beat ouatomar 
himad." Petticoat Talaa, L 288. 
Taut. 8«.-0. troU, irritamen, prorocatio. I am not 

certain, howayar, that tha term m^ not 

tnm the third pera, aing. of tha Fr. t. dtmmir. 

and proverbially need, aeema to have 
aoma affinity.' Thoa it ia aaid, Qa'il nV a point da pira 
aan qna caUa qni dofi, poor dUra qn'il taut aa defier da 
caa gens momea at taeUtirite$, oui aongent ordinairamant 
4 faira da mal en trahiaon. Diet. TrcT. Thna, one 
who, tnm a aallen homoar, affected to alaap, might be 
aaid to teik tAe liorit. V. Dobtt. 

To DoRT, V* ft. To become pettish; a «. 
rarely, but occasionally used, S. 

11m7 maan be toyed wt* and tported. 
Or alaa yiVa aora to find them darUd, 

It ocean in part. pa. 

Bat yat ba eooldna gain her haait, 
aha waa aaa vara dEvKAL 

An' ahy that night 

Rm. J. NieoCs P otm M, 1 15L 

''I ken weal anaogh what laaaiea like, an' winna tak 
flegdthoaghyaaidjoflforahaleook." StKatUaeo, 
iiL 191. 

Tho' the bUndfiuildad Rotsians are dorUd awee. 
They sane maon mpent their sinnin* o't, aa 

nC Qlaait CaL FomoMam, p. 12. 

DoRTT, adj. 1. Pettish, apt to be sullen, S. 
**Ihri^f pettish, humoursome.'' Sir J. 
Sinclair's Obsenr., p. 101. 

2. Saucy, malapert, S. 

Bat atill thed(9ffy Embragh trsw 
Daebra they^ra got o' daai too few, 
0* bknketa they hae not enow. 

n« Af'if it^, at 107. 

Seepter'd handa may a' their power display ; 

And dortw minda may lazonr adrntra. 
IknUUtm'M Seaaoiu, p. 0. In OL "hao^ty, nioai'* 

8. Often applied to a young woman who is 

nxLCj in ner conduct to her suitors, and not 

easily pleased in the choice of a husband, S. 

* Vrha dorfaf dama may £a' in tha dirt ;** Ramaay'a 
S. FTot., p. 65. 

Daft are Toar draama, as daftly wad ya hide 
Year weU-aeea lore, and dortjf Jenny's pride. 

Ramio/t Fomt, fL 68. 

Hie doHif wHl repent 

If lover's heart grow canld ; 
And nana her smiles will tent, 

Soon aa her fMa looka aaid. 

Hants CbOL, fL 121 

4. Applied to plants, when they are so deli- 
cats as not to grow but in certain soils or 
exposures. A very dortjf Jlower^ one that 
cannot be reared without great care and 
trouble, S. B. 

Sibb. darivea it from "Teat trotdgh^ UnUgh, oon- 
tamaliona, arrogant; Irofa-eii, tort-tn, to provoko.** 
Tha aenae Kiiian givea of tretnqh ia nearljr alued to our 
tenn, faatoaoa. Aa traU-tn aignifiea irritara, minaii, 
ondoobtedly O. Teat drol-en u radically the aame, 
being rendered, minari. Sa.-0. iroU-a, Germ. <rote-en» 
provocara, lal. <raCs-<t, obatinax eaaa. QaeL domia, 
aoatere, nnpleaaant, aeema to ba a cognate term ; mm 
wdl aa dorreitighiist irraoondlaabla, and doriartha^ 




DoBTiLiSy adv. Saucilj; applied to the de- 
mesiuMir cxf one wbo cannot easily be 
pleased, £L 

D0BTTHB81 a. ^FHde, haoffhtinesst arro- 
•» Budd. 

Tbm J prt j if fl t of AehniM oftpriiig 

b taidagt Tnd«r themonde Piiiiu yioff, 
"^ ' ' tbnJdomt mony AIM day. 

Ftryii, 78. 481 

^f floiM iMtitByt 


DOBT (JOHN)* the name given to the 
Ami^ a fish, Frith of Forth. 

*«Z«M Fabor* Done; JMfi Dofy." NdU'i list of 
ffahai, p. 10. 

U rec tt yoi lb« aamo of Done, m Pemumt hat ob- 
•tmtd» bocftOMb whilo living; the olive colour of the 
Mm, wied with light Una and white, ia very la- 
iploMlant^ and aa if ^. ZooL, iu. 183. 

To DOSEN, V. a. To stupify, &c Y. 

DOSK^od/. Dark coloux^ £. diMil. 

Thm nad itade baiiaae, widderit, daak and giaj, 
Bmi^ ioaiia and fBnria wallowit away. 

Dowg. rirgO, 20L 13. 

I aaaaotamnMraiiaarlY allied than Belg. duyiier, 
Qmnu dmiUr, dbaearoa^ danvad frooa Celt, du, nigredo. 

[DOSNTTy parL pa. Dazed, stunned. 

dada^ aaai d^aayl eome doon vyndland. . 

JMour, ZTil. 781, Skeaf a Sd. 
So.^. damm, to baaona stapifiad.] 

DOSOUBIS, a. p2. 

with d^aparit ta the dmla dieht qaha aa wald demau 
Vr. AaMT danotea a back-atay i alao a eaaopy. 

DOSS, A^'. Neat, spruce, Clydes. 

Balg.il9i^ amy, dothinff; ffy U hraqfin dendos, 
ba waan a fine anii of dothca ; dou-ei^ to clothe ; 

8awd. Teat, dbi^ vaatia pdlioca, Teatimentnm 
daplez; doaa-ea, -mvnira veatibiia safiultia, Kilian. 
FMapa iloaf IB radically tba same with ToaA, q. T. 

DoflS^ a. ^ Any ornamental knot, aa a tuft 
of ribbands, flowers, hair,'' Ac GL Surv. 

To Does ahaui^ v. n. To go about any busi- 
ness in a neat and exact way ; to do eveiy 
thing in a proper manner, in the proper 
season, and without any bustle, Fife. 

To Does yp^v.a. To trim, to make neat, 
Tjanarks. Hence Dost ttj>, q. v. 

D068IK, adj. Applied to a person who acts 
in the manner oescribed above, ibid. 

D066IE, a. A neat well-dressed person ; al- 
ways applied to one of a small size ; La- 
narks., Boxb. 

DO88UE, adv. Neatly, but simply ; giving 
the idea of Horace's Mundiiiis rimpltx^ ibid. 

DoasNESS, 8. Neatness, conjoined with sim- 
plicity, ibid. 

D08TUP,/>afi./>a. Decked, dressed, sprucely. 

It ia need ladicnMialy by Kennedy ^- 

8le level cue thae be aanrt with canld roaat. 
And alt dt anpperiaaa beyond the aa, 
Cryand at dona, Cariiaa amon Dei^ 
BMUaa, baiefate, and aU in duda up doit 

JUdtpiair, Evtrgrtm, U. 07, at 17. 

Tha aaoood Una in Edin. edit. 1608, i% 

And aU unaoupU q/t, Ac 
Ibia ahowa that the v. waa fonnarly vaad, S. 

DOSS, a. A box or pouch for holding 
tobacco, AbenL 

Hia atiek aaaath hia oxter riatelL 
Aa frae the don the ehew he twiatet 

Amt/jT Pbeaw, p. 288. 
OoBM, lad, log oat your dost, and gl'ea a chaw. 

Man$(m's Poma^ p. 188. 
U. dSM^ Qeim. doae, 8a.-G. doao, a box ; mtudoaa^ 
pyzia in ooo condita aenratnr herba Niootiana, in pul- 
— - redaet% aannff box, q. a aneecAia doaa, & 

To Doss, D088IE DOWN, V. a. 1. To pay, S.; a 
low term, perhaps from db^, a box, as being 
the place where money was kept. 

Weal doea he loe the lawen coin, 
Whan dioatiad down.^ 

S. To table, applied to money, S. 

— ReaolT'd to make him ooont and reckon, 
—And doe$ down^ for his fair fiddling, 
Hia IkaadL and vidou intanneddUog, 

IMM'aPteau, p 108. V. Doea, «. a. 

To DOSS DOWN, v. n. To throw one's self 
down, to sit down with violence, S. 

Ibapeaay Uadaa doii^d down oa atanaa. 

Whipt oat their aniahin milliaa.— 

Chnaimao Bamg, SHnnef'o Misc. PotL, p 184. 

Thia ia eridently the aame with the old «. ZHcaeA, 

3. ▼. Ferhapa we are rather to view to Doso^ Dosaie 
own, aa the aame term, aignifying to throw down, 
than aa derivad from I>o$$ a ooz. 

DOSSINS, $. pL Human excrement, Upp. 

DOT-AND-GO-ONE, acfy. Used to denote 
inequality in motion. 


'I wiah. ye had aeen him atoiting abont, aff aa leg 
on to the other, wi' a kind o' doi-and-go-one aort o* 
motion, aa if ilk ane o* hia lege had belonged to aindry 
folk."* Heart of Midlothian, iii. 137. 

Mora inoperly, I ahoald think, dot-anJ-go-on. 

" Doi and Oo one, to waddle." Qroae'a Claaa. Diet. 

DOTAT, parL pa. Endowed. 

'*The nobyllia aet ane oonnaal, and land the aaid 
Oaldoa baith rychtnona ayre to the crown, and ane 
maiat excellent peraon dotal with aindry yirtewia and 
hie prerogatinia?' Bellend. Cron.,FoL 43, b. Lat. 

To DOTCH, v. n. To dangle, Upp. Clydes. 

Merely a proTUMsial variety of Doc^, v., q.v. 

DOT£!,«. A dowiy, marriage portion, Aberd. 
synon. Tocher. JLat. dof, dbt-w. 




DOTE, $. 1. A dotard. 

nwtt hMi j4iBt thi pridt^ 
WBh thlat btip, Iboa woBM bir that tide, 
nwtt tint hir Wltlimi rott. 

Srr IVMrwii p. 100. 

8. A state of stapor. 

**Thas after m in a dole he haih tottered aome space 
aboofti at laat he fdleth downe to dust'* Z. Boyd's 
Last Battel], p. 629. V. Dun. 

DOTED, parL pa. Given in the way of 
donation. Acts Ja. YL 

ImL 4o», doi^ a gift. 

DOTHEB, DoTHiK, $. Daughter, Ang. 

Aad as sooa as the day was up and clear. 
Bsith aant and dotker sought ner Ur and near. 

itoii's HeUiwre, p. 7SL 78. 

SiL-O. dUer, UL doUer, id. 

The lecoiid form oocun in some of'Our old acts. We 
aeooidingly read of *' Marioiy Wishart dothir to the said 
Johns [Wishart] of Pettarow." Act. Aadit., A. 1403, 
p. ITS. 

DoTEOKLis, adj. Due or belonging to a 

** The aaid gndis war helie aeyin k deliuerit by him 
to hia said dotoir for iloCAiHie Idndnesa and lof rent he 

bad to bir, be deliaeranceof ane drink of beir to hir be 
bir aaid fader." AbenL Rsg,, A. 1543, V. 18. 

This paaisge lefen to a aingnlar mode of giving 
Maine, now in disnetode. 


To DOTTAB, Dotteb, v. n. 1. To become 
stupid. It is used to denote that stupor 
which seizes the senses, when one is about 
to sleep. 

b brief tber, with grief ther 
I doUard owre on siei^ 

Mmrfmm, L 818, st 8. 7. Doitit. 

8. To roam with the appearance of stupor or 
fatuity, S. 

It was In whiter blesk an' snelL 
An wreaths o' snaw npo* the fell, — 
That Willy ifeOaW by himael 

iknidaon'a Setuoms, pw 111 V. its synonym DorrsR. 

DOTTLE, adj. In a state of dotage, S. 

This In general baa the same origin with the E. v, 
daU. V. hurt. Bat it ia immediately allied to Tent. 
Wit-doeUli^ delims, repnerascens, mentioned by Jnn. 
Stvm. TO. Dole. 

'^Hootfe je clettfe man," retnmed hia wife in an 
andiUe whisper, "dinna be scalding like a tinkler, an* 
mak* a winder o' jersel afore nnco fonk." St. 
Kathleen, liL 102. 

To Dottle, v.n. 1. To be in a state of dotage 
or stupor, Moray, Aberd. 

9. To more in a hobbling way, like a person 
in dotage. A small pony, that takes very 
short steps, is said to be a doitlin creature^ 
Ptobiqpa radically the aame with Toddle, q. ▼. 

DOTTUT, pari. adj. In a state of^ dotage, 
S. B.; perhaps rather more emphatical than 

DOTTLE, $. 1. A small particle, a dunin. 

2. A stopper. 

*' Have a tab» with a small hole in the bottom of it, 
iriierein pat a cork or doUU in the under end." Max- 
weU'a SeL Trans., p. 284. 

3. The refuse of a pipe of tobacco, which is left 
at the bottom of tne pipe. Loth., Fife. 

Belg. doi signifiea refoae of one kind, *'a little bun- 
dle oi apofled wool, thread, &o., which is good for 
nothing^'^ SeweL In signification, however, doUU 
might aeem more akin to 8a.-0. dqft, laL dupi, pnlvis, 
dupiHif pvlTorem ejioere. 

DOUBLE, DowBiLL, orfj. Applied to capital 
letters in the alphabet; as, ^a doubU letter," 
a capital letter, Aberd. 

Twa dM(^ letters T and L, fte. 

W. BtatUds F9ema, 

DOUBLE, «. A duplicate, S. O. E. id. 
used in a law sense, J?hillips. 

'*He pat in the Karqnis's hand a doMe of the late 
proclamation fiom Eng^d.** BailUe*s Lett., L 174. 

" I the said Thomaa Forrest— past at command of 
the anotentik dawbU of thir our soaerain ladeis lettrez 
of snmmoodia diiect fnrth of the chanchelerie,'* &c. 
Acta Mary, 1643, Ed. 1814, p. 436. 

To Double, v. a. To copy, to take a dupli- 
cate of. 

"Somo^ the advertisement I have oanaed doMe.** 
Badllie'a Lett. L 174. 

DOUBLE-SIB, cufi*. Related both by father 
and mother, S. Y. Sib. 

DOUBLET, Dowblet, $. Two precious 
stones joined. 

** A pair of braioelettia of aggatis and doubieiHt aett 
with gold, oontening everie ane of thame viii agattin 
and sevin daMeUit,^ Liventories, A. 1578, p. 263. 

lir. doubiet, *'a Jewell, or stone of two pieces joinerl, 
or gined together ;'* Cotgr. 

DOUBLET, i. A jacket, or inner waistcoat. 
To Dress one's Doublet^ to give one a sound 
drubbing, S. B. 

--The BaQie thought it best. 
Lest that his daubUi should be drtsi, 
To fiy from fsoe of such a rabble. 

Jfo6 comira Mob, UalUnCt Poenu^ p. 211. 

DOUBTTT, adj. Held in awe. 

''Efter thia hunting the king hanged Johne Arm- 
strange, laird of Kilnoicie^ quhuk monie Soottis man. 
heaviue lamented, for he was ane doHhUt man, and ala 
guid ane chif tane as evir was vpoon the borderis aither 
of Scotland or of England.** Pitacottie'aCron., p. 342. 
SedouUed, Ed. 1728, p. 140. 

*'It ia said, from the Soottis bonder to New Caetle 
of Ingland, thair waa not ane of qnhatsoevir estate bo^ 





mnd to lUi MkM AnDftnaM mm tribst to be fria 
ofbboambv, teiMMiioiiAtfttinliigUAd.'' Ibid. 
0.1V. dmd-€rt cniadriy ndoabtori domii^ enunto^ 

DOUCE, Douse, ocff. 1. Sober, sedate, not 
Bg^t or fnvobm, applied both to persons 
•M things, S. 

^ 8m hstf mj hkmdf bn murj itniii, 
Tf%fjtnik a i&mm tdfict nd plain. 

BmmmfM Poem», L IIS. 

(■r Gioiie WM miflo. neek. And iCmim; 
BstiU wMh«a and total firs. 

Mridntin lUM, MituirwUp Border, 1 119, 

Tins is ofltQ oppoiad to dqft. 
A. Bor. dboM^ thzifty, carafnl, (Oroae), aaems ori- 

8« Modest, as opposed to wanton conduct. 
''There war na dauee ongains betweesh 
them;" their conduct was not consistent 
with modestj, S. B. 

*«8Md tba Blilkr* *! diniiA like oatgannngs at 
alilbt.'*-* Hool^ gndfflnan/ aaid hia wife; — '^®8S7 >* 
aae rfenag, we may maiat hkye bar tohar aia guidance."* 
Httiooaft Tidii^ 1 90a. 

8. Of a respectable character in general, S. 

Te daiatj DtaceM, an* ye d&mm Goareenen, 
^ Tb wbon ear medena are but canaeT-cleanera;— 
A' f% demm folk Fve bora abooathe oroo, 
Wffa je bol ban, wbat weold ye H(j er do ? 

ill. 67. 

4. Soft, soothing; as applied to music 

**Tlia Yoioa of the Loid la compared to many watera, 
lor Iba inueeiatohla foroe^ and admirable noiae, breed* 

tof woodar t to tbondar, for terror and power ahakinff 
all t to Iba domoB aouide of bazpea^ for tbe worke m 
vmea and km in the oonadanoe." Forbea on tbe 
BofiiatMB, Dw 128. 

Farbapa ft abonld bo obaerred, tbat Dan. cfmcf, 
wbatovor bo ito origin or affinitiea, ia need in the aame 
anao: *«8ofl»qniet»eaqr»etil],a calm;" Wolfil Pro- 
bab^ a li an ariatnm for cr. 

• f^. rfwig, dmi€9f mild, gentle^ qviel^ traetaUai from 
Xal dmk^a. 

DoucB-OAinr, adj» Walkine with prudence 
and drcimispection ; nsea as to conduct, 

O bappy ia tbal dom eegmu n wi^t, 
Wbaae laal ne'er minta a iwenrin. 

Tmmu^t Poeme^ p. 17. 

DovCELTfOdv. Soberl7,sedatelj,prudentl7,S. 

Ufa aiDg fl» beaee baitb apleen an' bate, 
Ltmtdw avlntttin' to ear &te 

ilul., pil87. 
Tet alt a lagged oowte't been known 

Tb mak a noUe alTer ; 
%\T% JnMj dtmcdp fill a throne, 
For a' tMir dkn-nuMlaTer. 


DOUGEHESS, $• Sobrietjr, sedateness, decency, 

**I told bfan, tbat a aky-bino ailk dicea, with gnat 
sad noea and tnlipa, waa anrely not in any thing like 
a boeomiag concordance with the natural dfmcewB of 
my cbaneter." The Steam-Boat, p. 191. 

To DOUCE, V. a. To knock, Fife. 


They domm bar budlea tiimly 
then, they a'tben 
k a genet maun yield. 


A. DougUi^9 Poemi, p. 129L 

ia the aame with Dojfce, Ang. and Dueeh, q. t. 

Douce, «• A stroke, a blow, S. V. the v., 
and DowBT, Todd. 

DOUGHEBIE, «. A dukedom. 

«-86ho b appeiraad air 

To twa dOKCMrMt. 

JUtt^Coilptar, D. IQ. a. ▼. Duohibt. 

DOUCHT, (gutt) 8. A stroke or blow, 

• GaoL doklUe denotea pangs: Tent, doeken, dare 

Sngnoi^ ingerere Terbeca. It may, however, be thua 
enominated from denghd, valor, aa referring to the 
force with which it ia given. 

DOUGHTY, DuOHTiE, adj. 1. Valiant, 
courageous ; like £. dougktjf. 

How many thoomnd daughty men of handle 

mbStt-r " ' 

An hart aaMmblit l^Jhug. Virp., 270. 4. 

8. It is now almost entirely confined to bodiljr 
strength; powerful, vigorous; synon. Stuffie^ 

'3. It is ako used ironically, as in E. *^ That's 
a dvghHe dird indeed; especially if one, 
after promising much, performs little, S. 

A.-S. dohUfff nobilia, atrennua, fortia. 

DoucHTELY, DouOHTELT, odv^ Valiantly, 
doughtily. . 

For thai within war right worthy. 
And thame defendit ifondUcly . 

AnnteMr, Iv. 92. SkeaVeSd. 

Defendand cbmgktdw the land. 

iMI.,xv. Sia Hart's Ed.] 

DOUCHTYK,«. Daughter. V.Dochteb. 

DOUD, «• A kelled muieh, or woman's cap 
with a caul ; considered as a dress-cap, in 
contradistinction from a Toy, Ang. 

IbL ifaMf-a, indumentum levioria genaria ; O. Andr., 
p. 64. 

DOUDLAS, 8. The name given to the roots 
of the Bog-bean,Menyanthes trifolia, Linn., 
an aquatic plant of a very bitter Quality ; 
sometimes used as a stomachic, Roxb. 

Hli turban waa the doudlan plet. 

For inch the Naiad weavei. 
Around wi' joaddock-pipet beset. 

And dangung bog-bean leaves. 

JfMs, A. So9tt» Foemt, pi la 

To DOUDLE, V. o. To dandle. V. Doodle. 

DOUDLE, 8. The root of the common reed- 
grass, Arundo phragmites, found partially 
decayed in morasses ; of which the children 
in the South of S. make a sort of musical 
instrument similar to the oaten pipe of the 
ancients, Boxb. 




OLB. doedamtf *'«iMiiieiatiT«^ tpaaking,** 
lo ooRwpoiid with A ohild't Idea of making the reed 

To DoUF, V. n. To beoopie dulL 7b dau/ 
and stupe, to be in a state of langoar and 
partial stnpor. Loth. V. Dowf, Dolf, 

To DoU7 on, 9. II. To continue in a slumber- 
ing state, Selkirks. 

Brideatly the nme with Sa.-0. «E^/W-a» atapefaoer^ 
hehetaie | atapere. V. Dowr» a^, 

Dounnsss, «• Dullness, melancholj, S. 

*'I eoaldna help thinking there waa a kind o* doM^ 
Mat and melanciholy in hia looka.** Brownie of Booa- 
heek. iL 88. 

To DOUFF, V. a. To strike forcibly; as, 
T/m dou£*t your hd der t/u dike, You have 
driven your ball over the wall. Loth. 

Belgi dqf-en, to pnah, to heat ; or from E. />^, ▼. 

DOUZT, ». A dull, heavy blow, AbenL 

DOUGH, $• ExpL ^'a dirty, useless, untidy, 
. ill-dressed person,*' Roxb. 

Fkobahly a metaph. nae of the E. tenn, aa denoting 
the matenal of hread ; especially aa Daighie ia vaed in 
A aimilar aenae^ and Id. aeig, V. Dazoh. 

DOUGHT. V. Dow, v.l. ' 
DOUGHT, «. !• Strength, power, Ayrs. 

— FoftuM's cudgel, let me tell, 

fa no a wiUie-waan, Sir : 
Ike fteckset whilet hae ownt her.iKoii^ilU/ 

An' dead it's litOe wonner. 

PiBbm'9 P9m§t 178S, p. 160. 

A.-8. ibigM^ Tirtu^ vakw; potentia ; from dug^nt 

8* A deed, an exploit, Fife. 

DOUGLAS GBOAT, a groat of the reign 
of James Y. 

'*The earie of Angoa— canaed stnrk conjrie of hia 
Awin t to witt^ ane grott of valowr of angfateine pence, 
qnhilk efterward waa callit the DougUu graatt, and 
aon that tyme dnxat atryve againea a Douglaa nor 
Doofflaa' man." Pitaoottie'a Cron., j^. 314. 

"Li the rirer of Dee, — lyee an laUnd called the 
ThreaTe.«-In thia ialand, the Black Dowglaa had a 
itrooffhonaeb wherein he flometime dwelt. It ia re- 
ported, how true I know not, that the peeoee of money 
ealled Dowgltu groais were hy him ooyned here.^* 
Symaon'a Deaer. Galloway, p. 22. 

To DOUK, DowK, Dock, r. a. To plunge 
forcibly into water, to put under water. 

«— ^The rofT Pheboi rade 
Hia wery itedis had doutU oner the hede. 

Dmig, Virga, S98. 4t 

** Anent the filthie vice of foniicatioan— In the end 
to be taine to the dee^t and foulest pule, or water of 
the towne or parochin, thair to be thryee dow^U,** 
Acta Ja. VL, 15S7, Ed. 1814, p. 23. 

Belg. dmch^i^ ditffck-en^ Germ, tauck^n^ Su.-G. tftf£-a, 
immergere le. Perhapi the root ia Goth, do^ looaa 
vonginoaua ; Seien. to. Duek. 

To DouK, V. lu To dive under water, to 
duck, to bathe, S* 

DouK| 8. 1. The act of plunging into water, 


2. The state of being drenched with rain, S. 

Ike Binbngh wiTae rin to a itook :— 
Bat HIghlandera ne'er mind a douL 

ne ifar'iC il^. at SI. 

DouK, 9. The quantity of ink taken up by 
the pen, Upp* Lanarks. ; q. a dip of ink. 

DOUKAB, «• A water fowl; called also 

WUIie^JUher; Dumfn 

Thia eeematobe the Didapper, or Dmeker, Colymbiie 
Muitna, linn. 

To DOUE, r. n. 1. To make obeisance by 
inclining the head or body in a hasty and 
awkwara manner, S. 

'*In Soottiah dugk, or Juyk, to make obeiaance, is 
atiU naed." Johna. Diet, tow Duck, v. 

.2. To incline the head, for any purpose, in an 
unseemly way ; as, in drinking &c^ S. 

Tent, duyeb-fn^ Terticem eapitia dendttere : capat 
demittere, mcUnare; Kilian. 

DOULEI, «• A fool, a blunt or stupid per- 

I am>at ane onla. 
Amdnii nator in the ayeht I walk into weir. 
I dar do nocht in the day hot dnrap aa a doMU. 

A.-S. doU^ fatnna ; Moea-Q. dwala, aoooiding to one 
MS. doU, atnltoa ; Germ. doU^ C. B. liwf, atnj^oa. 
V. DcU, Waohter. *^ 

DOULE PALE, a pall, now caUed a mori-^ 

''Item, fboie douU paUi of blak dayth canuat with 
bokrem." Inventoriee, A. 1512; p. 103. 

DOUNOALLING, $. Depreciation by pub- 
lic proclamation. **DouneaUing of the 
dolouris [dollars];'' Aberd. Reg. 

DOUN-Dma, 8. Sleet or snow, Fife; 
synon. Onding; from the prep, doun down, 
and ding to drive. 

DOUNG, paH. pa. Struck, beaten. V. 
Ding, v., sense 3. 

DOUNGEOUN, 8. 1. The strongest tower 
belonging to a fortress, being designed as 
the place of last resort during a siege. 

Dowglai the castell tesyt all, 
That thane was dosyt with stalwart waU.— 
Sehjr Etlonard, that was aa doachty, 
He aend thiddtrr to tombill it doan, 
Bath tour, and castell, and doungeomni, 

BaHKmr, x. 497, Ua 
''Thia waa the Keep^ or atrong part of the oasUe, 
and the same that the French call U Dongeon; to 
which, aa Froiasart informa n% the unfortunate 
Richard II. retired, aa the place of greatest aecurity, 
when he waa taken by Bolinffbroke," Pennant'a Tour 
in Walea, p. 43. * ^^ 




••Ibte Mtw biOUuB, Joined the iniMr billiam.— 
Wilhia thi% m ftl one oomer of it, ■nnounded by a 
dHlol^ flood Iho hetf or dMi^yeofH genenUr a Urge 
■fMre torar, flenkea ftl ito angke by small tnrreta, 
ha?i«f withm ftliem one or more wells.** Grose's 
IClit. Antiq.. it 8. 

Dr. Johns, thsrsfere does not giTo that sense of 
imjftmf in whioh it was most oonuMmly used by old 

wImb hedefines it» " the highest and stronmt 
of thecsstls^lnMUcAjMiMMrAwereA^" This 
msrslj a seooodaiy nse of the term, as well as of 

>• A tower, in general; applied to the tower 
cf BabeL 

nsl Urtoris, Msister, wsU I knaw,— 
Qahy. sad for qvhst oecsrionn, 
Thsy 1mfld|t sio sae stroQff dim^eofi. 

Xfwrftffy's IfoaarcAy, 1689, p. 48. 

41S0 pw 47, 48^ 48. 

aaed in this genersl sense by B. 
p. 121. 

Bteoen fcst him sped, 
a fidrid him sa osto, k went mto Wilton, 
a dUiebe fai that eesU a stslworth liMvoM. 

Tbm Oiigm of IV. do^on, nsed in sense firsts is 

^ * Db Osage deriTes it from dun, a hill, as 

a oastle bnilt on a hill. The word 

forms in L. & dumo,dungeo, domgia, 

[pOUNQYN^partpa. Thrown. V.Dnco. 

nisfoimoooassia Bsrbonr. V. OhMS. to 8keat*s 

DOUNHAD9 «• Any thing that depresses, 

or kotdi one doum^ either in growth or 

circmnstanoes. Thns it is said of a pnny 

child, who has not crown in proportion to 

its rears ; ^^Illness nas been a greit doun- 


DouXHADDm*, pari* adu Depressing, in 
anj way whatever, ibid. ; q. holding dovm. 

DOUNNINS, adv. A little way downward, 

DOUNPUTTINO, b. 1. Dejection, as by 
dethronement, S.; also, the act of putting 
to death Tiolently, 

Ilssems doabtfnl, in whioh of these senses weoaght 
to mdsrstand the following passage : — 

**1 was a Bsrrand to your father, sad laU ba-Hme 
OBsnie to thame thai was the (Dccssioim of his ifoaa- 
pBlHsp.* Pitseottie's Gron., p. 228. 

DOUNSETTINO, «• The setting of the sun. 

^And tha same brod hmig yp daylie fra the sons 
lymngto tha domn^diMg at thaxr mercat croce.** Acts 
JaTVL, 1588k Edit. 1814, p. 174. 

DOUNT, B. A stroke, a blow. V. Dukt, «. 
DOUNTAEINO, b. Beduction m price. 

'^Aaa artiele of the baigh of Cowpar, snent the 
rfsiftiliwy of their oostnmes.** Acts Ja. VL, 1581, 
Sd. 18K p. 214. 

To DOUNTIIRAU, v. a. To overthrow. 

•^**Thm spreit of Sathaa did rigne into him, ss 
' the aathor of tlndescheddlng,— of inducing 

to opprem and dowathrau their maisten, and 
810 Yther bomml crymee." Niool Borne, F. 43, K 
A.-S. a-ifaa, deorsum, and thraw-an, Jacere. 

To DOUN THRINQ, «. a. 1. To over^ 

He was sae gTaat itont and struig, 
Pwforce wylde beistis he doun (krang. 

LgndtOjfB Mcnarekp, 1502, p. 47. 

** ^Sathan in his memberis, the Antichrists of oar 
tyme, cmellie doeth rsse, seiking to dounthring and to 
dustroy the evsngeU of Christ, anid his congregatioun.** 
Knox, p. 101. 

2. To undervalue, to depreciate. 

Ths febfl mychtis of yoor pepUl far. 

Into batal twyis ▼incust adiamefully. 

Spare not for tyl extol and magnify : 

£lA be the contrara, the pinance of Latyne King 

Do aet st nocht, bat lichtlie, snd doun thring. 

Dottg, Virgil, 877. 4. V. TRmva. 

DOUNTHSOUGH, adv. In the low or flat 
conntiy ; as, ^^Fm gaun dounthroughj** I am 
going to the lower part of the countrv: 
**He bides dounthrough^ he resides in tlie 
lower part, &c. Gljdes., S. B. V. Up- 


.DOUN WITH, adv. 1. Downwards, in the 
way of descending from rising ground, S. 

In belch haddjrr Wallace and thai can twjm. 
Thronch that cfeaa wiik to Forth sadly he soacht 

WoUacM, ▼. 801, M& 

What can they do ? dcwnyrith they darena bodge. 
Their safest coarse seems in the height to lodge. 

Btt$^§ Hdtiiartt p. 7i. 

A. -9. dkfaa, deorsum, and with^ Torsus, motom 
oorporeum denotans. V. With, Lye. This particle is 
frsqnently nsed in oompoeition, in the same sense as E. 
aiora^ in downward, toward, &o. ; as upwith, upwards, 
OMfwttA, oatwards, Itnwiih, inwards, hamewUh, towards 
home, 8. 

2. Used as a «. To the downwUhy downwards, 

3. Metaph. nsed to denote a fall from rank or 
state, as contrasted with elevation, S. 

It oocnrs in the S. Ptot. improperly printed, as if 
tha term oonaiBted of two words. **As mickle upwUh 
as mickle dawn wiih, — spoken when a man has ^t a 

fniok advancement, and as sadden depreesion." 
Lolly, p. 24. 

DouNWiTH, a^/* Descending; as, adbtintrt'M 
roadf opposed to an acclivity, S. 

To DOUP, Dowp, V. n. 1. To incline the 
head or upper part of the body downwards, 


Ihither the Tslisnt Tersals daup, 
And heir repecioos Corbies eroapw 

SooU, Bvergnen, IL 7S^. 

" To dowp down, S." Rndd. to. Doukit. 

When earth tarns toom, he rummages the skies. 
If oonts ap beyond them, paints the fields of rest. 
ihup§dowm to Tisit ilka lawland ghaist 

Rawuag^s Poans, iL L 

The S. word is pron. <|. doop. It has a peculiarity 
of signification wnich distinguishes it from the y. to 
Lout, The latter, while it denotes the depression of 

00 u 




WMl on jrt look MM il0Mf* And WM t 
Vjf tUut ay IkTow's «t ta ond, 

giooMi tkylMod it taniBg grey ? 

S9^» MmnUam Bttrif p. 18S. 

I atfi f i w a dmdktr enotoTO ; 
WbiB I wad Ada dlvort and piMM ya, 
b traolfc yaa aoatlier bean aor sms ma. 

Aiy'a AottMk Pa$toral§, pi 10. 

9. Olodmy, canring melancholy; Daune synon., 
£ttr* For. 

"« 'Cbllaiia.' nid Charlia^ 'thafa a donth and an 
swaoma looking buging, I wiah wa were fairiy in, and 
aafaly out again.* ''^Parila of Man, iL 2. 

I am at a low wliatliar to Tiew thia as a provineial 
conr. of J}o^^$ Amq^ malaacholy ; or as formad from the 
third penon aing. of tha A.-S. v. dwoleth, delirat, q. 
that which duUt tha mind. It might, howarar, saam 
Immadiataly alliad to laL dodi, languor, dod~a, Ungoaa- 

DOUTHy adj. Snug, comfortable, in easy 
caeamstancea, Loth. 

DounSH, adj. Doabtf ul, Tweed. 

[I>OUTiT,DowTiT,| Feared, dreaded. 
Arftoitr, xn. 2S9b t. 007. V. Dour.] 

DouTSUMy adjm 1. Doubting, disposed to 


>In apaoiafl w dataat and rafuaa tha naar^ad aa- 
thoiitia of that Roaoan Antichrist npon tha Scnptorea 
of Ood, — — hia ganacml and doubUome faith." National 
CSoranaatof 8. 

8. Uncertain, what may be doubted as to the 


**Tlian fbUowit ana ridit daaganras and dautium 
hattaU." Balland. Gron., FoL 2, a. 

DOVATT, 9. A thin turf; the same as diveL 

**CMtiBg and winning of fawall, falll and davai in 
tha aaid oonunonn mnra of Cnunmoond,'* fte. Acta 
Gha. L, Ed. 18K V. 557. 

To DOVE, V. fi. To be in a doting state, to 
be half asleep, Fife ; synon. Dover. 

It ta aridantly tha aama with Sn.^. dq/w^ stupara ; 
▼• DoTSB. Tant. iloaa-ea, delirara. 

DOVE-DOCK, «. The coltsfoot. 

**Tha arabla land waa mach infested with Tariona 
waadi, aa tha thiatla feardtuj [cardwu,] tha mugwort 
(oftemitia), dove-doek (tasilogo^) [tussiUgo.]" Agr. 
Sorr. Gaithn., p. 84. 

To DOVER, V. fi. To slumber, to be in a 
state betwixt sleejHug and waking, S. synon. 
iloatnf 8. B. 

8ha laid h«r dova fai the fidiy ring. 

An' eloet har davram* ee, 
Whaa vp wf a hmg the Fairy spnmg. 

An' Btnde at her left knee. 

BaOmd, Sdin. May., OeL ISIS, p. 82a 

Jean had heea lyin' wakin' lang. 

Ay thiaklB* oa her lover ; 
An' jaste's he gae the door a haag. 

She waa hcgaa to dover, 

A, Dougla^a Poem$^ p. 1S9. 

'At Kelhay I haa aaa mony orra joba to tok np my 
hand, hat hara I fa* a d^verin twenty times in the day 
fraa para idle set." Saion and Gael, i. 33^ 


U. dm^a ia vendared hj Haldoraon, par intanralla 
dormirsL whioh azaetly azpressea tha sense of oar word. 

Sibbaid darivaa do9aring firom Teat. dow/'WCfrden, 
[do^ loaniea], aardeeoara. But it aaama rather a 
oarivatiTa from 8a.-0. laL dt^fio^ atapars^ atapaCa* 
v. howavir, tha a. 

DoYERiT, DouBRiT, DowERiT, part. pa. 
Drowsy, under the power of sleep. 

Fkais na ftniher, Ibr this is the held richt 

Of Qayitia, Schaddols, Slepe and doueril Nyeht 

Douy. VirgO^ 177. IS. Noctis topome, Virg. 

Sibh. rendera it "gioomy or sable-ooloorad, from 
Teat, doi^f'tenoe, color sardus vel austerns.*' Rodd. 
havinff referred to E. dorr, obstupefacere, Sibb. adda 
that tnia "seems nearly allied to Dover, to slumber. ** 
Dwterit seama indeed to be the part, of this v., metaph. 
applied to Night, as descriptiva of ita influence. 

DoYEB, 9. A slumber, a slight unsettled 
sleep, S. 

«* My mother had Uid down <th' Afflicted Man'a 
Gompanion,' with which aha had read the guidman into 
a aort o' ifever." Bhu^w. Mae., Not. 1820, p. 203. 

"In thia condition, with a Bit dover now and then, 
I lay till the hour of midnight ; at the which seaaon 
I had a strange dream." The Steam-Boat, p. 300. 

laL dur, aonania levia ; viewed by Dire as the root 
of Lat. danmo; ifar-a, dormio^ dormito; G. Andr., 
p. 65. 

To DOVER, V. a. Used as signifying to 
stun, to stupify, Ettr. For.; but Vaiver is 
the proper pronunciation. 

— '* Ane o' them gave ma a nob on the crown, that 
dovered ma, and OMda me tumble heela-o'er-head." 
Parila of Man, iiL 410. V. Dauxb, Daxvxb. 

DOVEBIN', parL adj. Occasional, rare. 

*'Tha*ra naa pagana noa soath o* the Clyde, an*, 
binna a <loafria' ane^ aiUea in tha wyl* mairs o* Gal* 
loway." Saint Patrick, iu. 09. 

DOYIEi adj. Stupid, having the appearance 
of mental imbecility, Fife. Hence, 

DoviEy 8. A person of this description, ibid. 

Sa.-G. do/m-a, dtfv-a, atupefacere, herbetare ; (fo/19-a, 
stapera ; do^% atapidas, Isl. diq/f, torpor, dcfin, ignavua, 
Ae. v. Dowv, and Daw, «. 1. 

To DOW, V. fi. 1. To be able, to possess 
strength, S. Pret. docht^ dought. 

** Incontinent ha |rallit out his swerd A said ; 
Thitour, thow hea deuisit my deith, now is best tyme : 
debait thy aelf, A ala ma now, gif thow dow.** BMiend. 
Gron., B. zii. 9. 0. 

Thocht he dom not to leid a tyk, 
Tit eaa he act lat deming be. 

Jhntbmr, BafuuUtn** Poemi, pi 82, st 8. 

Do quhat ye dom to haif him haile.^ 
Cut air the caoM, the eflTcct rnaon fail, — 
Bee all his sorrows ceiae. 

CAcrrif aacf i8Ia«^ st 96L 

Thrs yer in care bed lay, 

TMitrem the trewe he biffht. 
That nerer no dougkt him day 
For sorwe he had o aight 

Air IVifCrcsi, pb 73b 
This hangsr I with ease endured ; 
And never douffkt a doit aflfoni 
To ana of skill. 

Bammff9 Poemt^ L Mi 




Laid HiilMjulfyolMirDM that **tlMTO is no liiic^ 
W9td ia nodmi Wngliih, whieh oomtpoiicU to doio." 
BmaMm, that **UM approaeh«t th« naaratt to it, whence 
the a^J. Mfett." Bat IM caimot be newed as aynon. 
,WhsB dam m coaifAmA with a negstiT^ as in the pas* 
aaM to whIeh he rsfen, it often indeed implies the idea 
effostlsasnsss. Bat it still espedaUy oonve^ that oi 
hMHtfm lesl or imaginary. This is the onginal and 
fvopsridea. We aoooidii^y find dots contrasted with 
ask BfwptsssJTir of inclination. 

X ibw not tts howbsit I «al< 
Bat boond I man be youik. 

MOoCicfb FmL & P. it, la 1. 

WhsB the V. ia wed with a osaatiTe, downOf or 
is the more modem form. It indeed occurs in 
SB old d. Ballad, bat momt ^gmhMj from a change in 

pen^knifi sticks hert, 
AwordltfMMM spaik. 

Tiwtsad of this Donbar wrote, dom moi^ or iiooA<, as 

2. To 9LYBSf to profit, to be of any worth or 


noeht aas slia. 

JDmv- nrgO, 9& 64. 

L«k9 ioeh lore is not of the Talne of a straw. 

— Thaj had dons thaie nathTog that dodU, 
The fjche gyftis nor gold analit nocht 

« ihtAf 809. 13l 

**9m thia argnment dom not, Christ is offered to all, 
mg\ he ia vsosaoed of aU.** Brace'a Bonn, on the 
Saer. 0. 7,«. 

A.-& dmi-an. Teat, doogk-m, are both vatA in the 
asae sense i prodesse. Lye, imian. 

Hi aometimea oconrs in this signifioation for dow, 

iUl fins in WW di» noeht bat- goaemanoe. 

ITallacSi It. 487. MS. 

8. This V. is often used, with a negati%'e 
affixed, to denote that reluctance which 
arises from mere gfinift, or the ii^jaginaiy 
lOcqMicitjr which is produced by indolence. 
The phrase, **! dawna ri9e^ does not signify 
leal inability to get up, but reluctance to 
exert one's self so far, the eantu^be-fashed 
sort of state, S. 

4. It denotes inability to endure, in whatever 
sense. '^He douma be contradicted,'' he 
cannot bear contradiction. *<They downa 
be beaten,'' they cannot submit to be 
defeated; South of S. 

5. To dare, AbenL 

TUs ia an dUiqoe sense; a transitioB being made 
from tiie possession of power to the trial or exercise of 
it; rwasmtJing that in the A.-S. adj. dohliff, from the 
aaase aoniosb whioh primarily signifies strenttus, secon- 
darily fortis. 

To dom mttdUmgt to bo of no ▼alne^ to be worth or 
good fornothi^g. 

** Item, is pece of the anld historie of T^y eril spilt. 
Itsm, ten pece of anld elathis^ qahilkis dow na thutg,** 
IsTSBtocies, A. IfiSO, p. SO. 

There haa been an anomaly in the nse of the 
tivaof this v. in pL instead of the singular. 

Ba, ha, how. Its nsething that dew; 
I wiana come bsms^ and I 

JTsnTs OolL, iL 192. 

''IsL offdugi, snffioio I hino Soot foilsis posse {"QL 
Lodbr. Qttida^ p. 80. 

Dow,«. << Worth, avail, value. Teat, dooohj** 
commodum, lucrum. — Nocht o' daw\ of no 
value, or notlung of worth; QL Sibb. 

To DOW, 9. n. 1. To thrive; respecting 
bodily health. 

Unty'd to a man 

Do whato'er we csn« 

We nevercsa thrire wdom. 

BammjfB Fotmt, U. 840. 

A doming baim, a thriTing child, 8. " He neither 
dees nor cEcnm ; " he neither dies nor mends ; A. Bor. 
Bav. Dowmg, healthful. Ibid., GL Oroee. 
'*He ctows and STOWS ;" a phrase applied to a healthy 
* and thriTing' child, S. 

Domimp and ffrvminff, wse the daily pny'r. 
And Iiory was broognt vp wi* nnoo care. 

Jfeff's BeUnort, pi 18. 

8. To thrive, in a moral sense ; or, to prosper 
in trade. '^He'll never dote," S., ne will 
never do good, Rudd. 

He news thia aa the aame with the v., which aigni- 
fiei^ to be able. Bat, notwithstonding the a^rozi* 
mation in sense, as well as identity of form in our 
langoage, thia idea is not fully supported by analoBy 
* in the cognate tongues. For as we nave seen that the 
fonner ia intimatelv connected with Su.-6. doa^ 
A.-d. duff'-ati, &c., tnis seems more immediately allied 
to Germ. (iriA-ea, crssoere, proficere; A.-S. the-an, 
CAe-on, ^e-lAe-aa, oe-Ms-oa, Alem. ctoacA-en, doh-ent 
ifiA-an, thiff^an^ dkk'-en, snd with still greater resem- 
blance, dJiiA-€n. Tout. djfdrOi, dy-en^ id. These 
Wachter viewa aa related to Heb. HH dagah, crerit. 

It must be achnowledged, however, that in modem 
Germ, tatigh^-on signifies m>th to be able, and to thrive; 
to increase. This is abo the caae with leapect to 
Alem. dih-an, Ac. 

To DOW, V. n. 1. To fade, to wither, S.; 
applied to flowers, vegetables, &c., also, to a 
f aaed complexion ; ^ He's quite dou^d in 
the colour." 

Tet thrift, industrious, bides her latest days, 
Tho' age her nir ctow'd front wi' nmkles wave. 

Witrgusoim** Foems, IL 57. 

It seems to be merely this v. used actively, which 
occurs in Houlate, ii 11. MS. 

The Boy Bobert the Bruce to rsik he avowit. 
With aSi the hsirt that he had, to the haly grar e ; 
Syne qohen the date of his deid derily him doip^t. 

Ifr. fink, renders it eoupUd, without sny apparent 
leason. The meaning may be, that the approach of 
death had ao greatly enfeebled and wasted the King, 
that he could not aocomplirii hie intended pilgrimage 
to Palestine. 

2. To lose freshness, to become putrid in 
some degree, S. 

** Gsst na out the dow*d water till ye get the firsah." 
Bamsay'a S. Prov., p. 21. 

3. To doze, to fall into a sleepy state, S. B. 

Syne piece and pieos tcgsther down they creep. 
And crsek tiU baith dow*d o'er at last asleep. 

Jbst's EdiMfrt, p. 75, 

Analogooa to thia aenae ia A. Bor. dowd, dead, flat^ 
' spiritless;^* OL Grose. It is indeed merely the part. 




t. Unliflftlihy, A7T8. 

In diiirnn nir wi' oMd : 

^ktm*§PMmM, WB. p. 60. 

^Ikwim fewk, fee health giM down, 
howma b« itrMk 
Urnmi thii day. 

AlMf fov howma ba atiaakaa 


▼• Dow; 9. to thriTO. 

To DOWLIC APf ». a. To cover the head, 
eroecially by drawing up a part of the dress 
wuh this Tiew, or by pulling any thing over 
it| Ettr* For. 

**8oho htOBjallyt vp in a iboiya, and dovMcappyd 
■M." WvbX, Sr/Talaa, iL 42. 

TlMfo eauMi ba a donbt that the first part of the 
wotd ia tba aama with 8a.-G. c<oe6a» to oonceal, to 
hida; (Alaaa. i» dimgU^ and tougoM, clandestinely). 
In Id. tba fL aarainrs the fonn of difUa, and in A.-S. 
of diffd-OM, id., whence digel and deagol, occaltus. 
Iha tana has probably found ita way into the South of 
& from the MbtthomDrian Danes ; as in Dan. doelg-er 
■tiUsigttifiea to conceal, to hide. The last part of the 
wwdv ^appt mii^t at ust yiew suesest the idea of a 
a^ or ooTsring for the head, worn oy females. But 
I woold ratiMT ¥iew it as the same ¥rith Su.-G. kappa, 
Dan. hiVP*f * ^'^'"'l^ **^ ^^ gown, a cloak. Thus to 
dowtioap au|^t signify to cover or conceal the head in 
tba lap of ona*actbak or mantle. 

DOWLIE-HORN, $. A horn that hangs 
down, Ettr* For* 

Dowlib-hobn't, adj. Having drooping 
hama, ilnd. 

At first ai^dit it might apoear that Dowlk claimed 
•fflaitv with Tent cf woeZ-en, doi^en, abemre a via, such 
horns Ming tamed the wrong way. But the term, I 
apprshsnd, baa had a Welsh origin. For C. B. ddl 
oenotea ''a wind, bow, or tun," doUn, id. ; dolen-u, 
*'to enrre^ to bend, or bow ; to wind round*** We 
find oar vaiy adj. in tba form of dolawg, ''hnring 

-'* Owen. 

DOWNA. 1. Expressive of inability ; as, / 
downOf I am not able, S. 

S. OccasionaUy denoting want of inclination, 
even reluctance or disgust, S. V. Dow, 

O, hm tbaa came the said French lord, 
Bayiog, •<Bride, wiU ye dance wi* met** 

** Awa', awa\ ve auld French lord. 
Tear ftioa I imma eea." 

BaUad BoolL n, 7. 

DOWNANS, t. pL Green hillocks, Ayrs. 

UMn that nkht, when fairies light 
On OMeOir Downans dance, £0. 

Bnnw, UL 124. MaUo¥feeH. 

TUiii sonL ''Osrtain little romantio rocky green 
biOs." Ibid. 

Bat| I sospeet^ that the idea of rocky is not necea- 
•arily conTe y ed by the term. Tent, dui^nen is the 
tana oaed lor aand hills or hillocks ; Sabulosi montes 
Ooeono in HoUandin et Flandrin objecti ; Kilian. 
Shaw oxpL GaeL dufian, '*a UtUe hill or fort" V. 


DO WNC AST, D0UNCA8T, t. Overthrow, S. 

"lirst exhorted that he sold not ba discouraged, 
ia oonaidniBlifiiis of that eateat quhainmto anea he has 

bsM ia this world, being in honoar and fldorisb and of 
tba ibaneoil whairinto now ho waa broognt" Banna- 
^rao'a Joomal, p. 488. 

DOWNCOME, DouNOOMEy «• 1. Descent, 
the act of descending. 

^Tbe asy colstis and the foOdls 

Besoondls, at 4I01111 eesM of the Harpies. 

Jhtia* Fkyit 7& 4L 

2. A fall, in whatever sense. Doumcoms in 
the markeif the fall of prices, S. — 

3. Overthrow ; Kaina| Kudd. vo. Doun. 

**l% bad amaist a downeame at the Beformation, 
when they pu'd down the kiriu of St. Andrew's and 
Perth,'* Ae. Rob Roy, ii. 127. 

4. Degradation in rank, S, 

"My ain. nmndfather, who waa the son of a groat 
farmer, hiraa himsel for a shepherd to young Tnm 
linton, and mony ane was wao for the dowmoome," 
Blackw. Blag., Mar. 1823, p. 314. 

''As soon aa we get ower bee [high], well get a 
dbmieeme in our turn." Ibid., p. 315. 

DowNE-coMMixa, «. Descent, the act of 


— "He commeth downs in such abonndanoe of 
doiioaa light, as BabeU can stands no longer, no more 
taen oouldSodome, after the Angel, his downe-eomming 
to see it." Forbes on the Eevetation, p. 180. 

DOWN-DING, 9. A very heavy fall of 
rain, synon. Even^doun^pourf Aberd., 

DOWNDRAUGHT, #. Whatsoever de- 
presses; nsed both literally and metaph. 
D. q. drawing daunu 

WsVe ay ta freak, an' stark, an' hals ; 
Keep rilenoe aif our head, we yield 
T6 nas downdratukt but perfect eild. 

Tkt Twa JUUt, flekmCB FoemM, L pi 68. 

DOWNDRAW, $. 1. Overloading weight ; 
the same with Downdraught^ Ayrs. 

— 'Neath poortith's lair down-draw. 
Some o' ye lag your days awa. 

2. Some untoward circomstance in one's lot ; 
as, a profligate son is said to be ^a down^ 
draw tn a family r It is nsed to denote any 
thing that h^gs as a dead weight on one, 

DOWN-DRUG, 9. What prevents one 
from rising in the world, Banffs. 

8ae lore In oar hearts will wax stnnger and mair, 
Thro' emeee uid downrdryig, and poortith and careu 

NoHhtm Anliq,^ pi 4Sa. 

DOWNE-GETTING, a. Obtaimng a re- 

**The dbwne gdtkng of the zii deneris [deniers] takim 
of mercbandie gudis.^' Aberd. Rec., A. 1563, V. 25. 
This must ruer to some port in France or Flanders. 
*«The ilowN^ettNiy of the grit oofltnm." Had. 




DOWNFALL, Downfa', t. 1. A decliyitj 
in gnmnd, a slope^ Ettr. For. 

«• W# wad l» a ffMt deal tlM'lMiler o' tw» or three 
liliaffSlMllliillteabttAMPii/b'lotlMeoatli.'* FteiU 

t. WmUr dowmfallf the practice of allowing 
the. sheep to descend from the hilk in 
wmter to the lower hinds lying oontiguons. 

IS ptopi i e to Bi cf hill Und peeturacee would 
to MTe obliiiied, through mere infieniioe end 
i» the ri^t of wimier dmn^ail for their eheep^ 
noB low l]riDg oontjmMe ereble Imndi, belonging to 
sfterjnpp f i e tow. Agr> ouxt. Peeh., p. 127* 

DOWN-HEAKTED. adj. Dejected, S. 

^Dinaa br oreriy dbini-Aesrfed^ when ye eee how 
wondeffaUjjrearatn'eneano'." R. GiUuiae, ii. 317. 

Thii ii meatioaad by Hr. Todd aa a eoHonnial word 

DOWN-r-THE-MOUTH, (pron. d^nm) adj. 
Dejected; as, i7/s aw dlotm i the numth wC 
thai n^ufSf S. This seems exactly analogous 
to the E. term ckop^fdUtu 


Bat Ffa beta dbwa T fJk mmUk lee Ung. 

i>Mfii'e Amm^ L ISL 

DOWNLOOE, s. Dissatisfaction, or dis- 
pleasQiey as expressed by the countenance. 
Sconiy contempt. 

— ''nay war aol content; thinking, beeyde the 
kfajffw damn took at thame^ the eaid Sir Jamee woM not 
fiau toaoqvyt thaaa eamaMMin if he obtained the kingia 
paidoon at that tnam,*' Piteooi. Cron., p. 388.' 

•*Tha porter of Fowlei, called MacWeattiehe,— in 
thia towna of IVatleeoond did proTc ae Taliant ae a 
swoid, fearing nothing bat dieoedit, and. the ifotni- 
Ipala or frowDe of hia officeri» leat he ihould offend 
tbHi." ICoBro'a Exped., P. L, p. 63. 

Twaa not fat Ibar that I my foaks fonook, 
and nui the heard ef their aeir domnlcoL 

JtMf'e Btiemort, p. 84. 


^G» «. The act of taking a 

K'tion before a fortified place, in order to 
ege it. 

— ** Alao paroemag what hart the enemy wae able 
to haw dona na, before our ^Mm-Zyia^— hee had tried 
fore-troopee» before oar coming lo neere, which 
hia Kajee^ Jodge they woald not hold oat long." 
■ " ' p.l£. p.lSu 

DOWNLYINO,s. The state of parturition. 
Jtui of the doien'-fyiniff **just going to be 
brought to bed.'' A. Bor., 01. Grose ; S. 

**Tlia Adam and Etc pear-tree^ in oar garden, 
b added oat in aa awfal manner, and had diTera 
flooriehea oa it at Yale^ which waa thondit an omi- 
■aaa thiaA eepedaUy aa the eecond Mrs. ^Iwhidder 
waa ol lite dowmfyhtg with my eldeat eon Gilbert." 
Anala of the Pttiah. p. 91. 

thest down, S. The latter is used, Peebles. 

Wr kb beck boeaenaoet, 
aa' hb kjfte ilM0n<r»eir, ftft 

DOWN-POUR, s. An excessively heavy 
fall of rain, S. 

"CoBTernng with a young man at the head of 
Lochacroinort in 1S07, during a doum-pour which had 
penerarea in defaigin^ the iuand for a week, the re- 
porter aaked, * Doee it perpetually rain in such tor- 
rentaiuRum?* Heanawered, 'Chabhi, acheaeachda 
na-uathriobh,' i.e., *lfo^ Sir, not alwaya torrenta of 
rain, but eometimee of anow.' " Agr. Sorr. of the 
Hebrides p. 741. 

In the 8oatii of 8. tiiia word ia generally conjoined 
with even ; ae, an even dowm-pottr, 

DOWN-POURINO, s. Efifusion, S. 

"Ola dawm-ptmrimg of the Spirit, in hie fullneie, be 
your allowance, both for your encouragement iii your 
managing of it, and for a token of our Maeter's appro- 
bation of the work." Society Contend., p. 40. 

DOWN-SEAT, s. Settlement as to situa- 
tion, S. O. 

** Tak my word o* experience for't, my man, a warm 
dowm'4ea^9 o' far mair coneequence in matrimony than 
the aiUy tow o' feTo." The Entail, iL 274. 

DOWNSET, 9. 1. A beginning in any line 
of business, implying the idea of situation; 
an establishment^ S. 

" Hie Cerm falle' Tacanl— Bat yon haTO a bein doioa- 

oei. There*! three thousand and eeTcnty-five acres of 

. aa flood aheep-walk as any in the whole ooantnr-side, 

ana I ahall adrance you atocking and steading.'* 

Marriage^ i. 120. 

2. Any thing that produces great depression ; 
aSy a downset of workj such work as over- 
powers with fatigue. It is also applied to 
calamitous events, which humble pride, or 
injure the worldly circumstances; as. He 
hae gotten a dreadful downset^ S. 

DOWNSrmNG, «. The session of a coiut, 

*'Mr. GiOeapie came homa at our first downdUinn,** 
BaUUe*a Lett., zL 261. 

^*' A faat waa proclaimed to be kept upon Sunday 
thereafter before tae dowmiUmq of the General Assem- 
bly» which waa aolemnly kepk'^ Spald., L S7. 

Ala douneittin** To do anjrthin^ at a doun^ 
sitting to do it all at once, to ao it without 
rising, S. 

DOWNTAK, ». Any thing that enfeebles 
the body, or taiee it dbtim, S. 

To DOWP down, V. n. V. Doup, v. 

DOWRE, adj. Hardy, Bold, valiant. V. 

Bet Ethelred mad gret defens. 
And to thars felny mysteos. 
And mellayld oft on feld in f^eht, 
Qobars moay dtwn to dad wet dfcht 

W^tUown, Yi. IS. lia 

*'Mony waadychttoilow7v(hard)ded.'' GL This 
phraee which frequently occurs in Wvntoun, seems 
analogoua to one very common in Wallace, dour and 
der/houut need aa srnon. V. Debt. The adj. im per- 
hapa nsea adTarbially. 




DOWBIERy DowABiAB, s. Dowager. 

•*1n BMMiM of the Qa«iite OfMt, Marie, Qoene 
l)toi0arfar, And B«gttt of tlM fMlBM of SootUnd, and 
lim EiMi in tnis prwent Phrluunent, oompeint 
ICaktor Henna Laader, Adnoeal to oar Sooerane 
LAdio." Aefei MarMb lOSfi, Edit. 1688. o. 28. Jhw- 
Her^ Skme. IV. Ponabrien^ id. . 

DO WS, S. pL 

To Shoot amano the Dows, to f abricate, to 
relate stories in conyenation that are mere 
inTentions, Aug.; equivalent to the E. 
phrasey to draw a long bow. 

As it has been made actionable to thoot pigeons,— 
fiom the cara ezensiaed by landbolders in guarding 
ibeir gnwe i ty in thisniipeci, how injiuioos loeyer to 
that of tiCeir tenanto or neighboiin»— the phrase seems 
to hare been metaphorical^ applied to the transgres- 
non of the law of truth in conversation. 

It is told, in the county of Angus, that, m a former 
agi^ when the useof aS. FtoverK or of the S. language, 
was not deemed Tulgar by a natiToof the northern part 
of the iahnd. a new^ married Udy, who was a stranger 
hn that district^ had heard her husband mention to one 
of his friends, that such a ffontleman, who was invited 
to dinner, was thoosht to ikooi amang the dotot. She 
immediately took tiie alarm; and scarcely had the 
fsntleman taken his seat among the rest of thepar^, 
when she said to him with great eagerness ; **0 ! sir, 
I have a great favour to ask of you. My husband says 
ye albool among ike dow$. Now, as I am very fond of 
my pigeons^ I oeg yon winna meddle wi' them.*' 

A SHOT AMANO THE i>OW8» a phrase applied 
to any thing that is done at random, £• 

DOWT,s. V.DouTE. 

DO W TIT, part. pa. Feared, redoubted. 

Throw his ehewalyoiwB chewslry 
Galloway wes stonayit gretnmly; 
And he dMy< fior Ids bounty. 

Mrhimr, is. 888, M& 

— Ik hsiff herd syndry men say 
That he wes the maist aewiii men 
That in Gsrrik ly wyt than. 

/ML, V. 507. BI& 

f^. d(0MM-«r, to fear, to dread ; whence. rtdoubUd, 
rtdimbtabUt uaed in the same sense. The publisher of 
Edit. 1820 has acted as if he had supposed that this 
word was derived from A.-S. dugtOk^ power ; for he 
has changed it to lUmghtk, in the passage last quoted. 

— Hee was the most douaktie man. 
That faito Gsrrik was livmg than. 


DO WYD, preL and pari. pa. Endowed. 

A nd dompd thsme syne 
With grst laadls and ryches. 

Fynioim, vL a 54. 

In Res he Ibwnded Rosmarfcyne, 
That do«0|fcf wes wytht Kyngys sjme. 
Le., endowed by kings. Ibid., v. la 891. 

f^. dmt-er, id. 
[DOWTYNE,*. Doubting, doubt; Barbour, ziv. 

S30, Skeaf s Ed.] 
DOXIE, adj. Lazjr, restive, slow, S. 

PkobablT, by a sli|^t transition, from Isl. dMi'O, to 
delaj, lioel^ inactivity, remissness ; also, slow,-segnis, 
O. Andr., p. 81. 


To DOYOE, V. a. To give a duU heavy 

stroke, Ang. Hence, 
DoTOE, t. 1. A dull heavy stroke, Ang. 

(fotiss, a blow, S. 
2. The ikt sound caused by the fall of aheavy 

body, Ang. 

This is evidently syaon. with Doiii^ mentioned hf 
Bailey, as signifying " to give one a slap on the face r 
and with A. Bor. "'deieie; a d»w$e an the chcpe : a 
blow in the face;** OL Oroee. Da^ Aberd. '*« 
sudden fall attended with noise.'* Shirr. GL V. 
JOusoH, SL and a. 

[DOYN, part. pa. Done. V. Gloss, to 
Skeat's Barbour.] 

DOYN, Done, Doon, Dooks, Dukze, adv. 
Very, in a creat degree; a mark of the 
superlative, S. 

In describing the horee-mussels found in some riven 

in S. BeUend. says :— 
" Thir mussilbs ar sa (loyn ^leg of twiche and hei^yng* 

that howbeit the voce beneuir sa small that is maid on 
the bra besyde thaim, or the stane be nenir sa small 
that is cassin in the watter, thaydouk haistelie atanis, 
and gangis to the ground, knawmg weiU in quhat esti- 
mation and price the frute of ^air wambe is toal 
peple.** Descr. Alb., o. 12. Sensus illis iam acuta 
est ; Boeth. 

Dunbar, speaking of a benefice^ for which he had 
long waited in vain, says : — 

IhtiAmr^ MaMand Poetnt, p. lia . 
Mr. Pink, has overlooked tius word. Itissometimce 
wiittsn dbon. V. WoaLDr. 

If troth were planted hi all jplsoe, 

Wherefore would men eeek jostioe here T 
ftae time the clerk once knew the caloe. 
He was not thence eo tfooM severe. 

P. Mrni^e TnOk'e TraiveU. PennecuO^e 
Pome, 1715, pt 1061 

Doon wdi, or dwnu weO, retry well, S. But it ia 
most frequentiy uaed with a negative prefixed ; as, Ifo 
thai (f wise sfrwMf, not very strong, or not remarkably 
healthy, S. Nae thai dnnze meiHe, not very much. 

8 B. 

This woid is much used by the vuknr ; and eeema of 
great antiquity, as being most probably the same with 
Isl. daeende, which bears precisely the same mum. 
Daeende waei, ezceUentiv, doe waenn, very beautiful, 
eximie formoeus ; from daa, an old primitive, or par- 
ticle, denoting any thing good, worthy, or exceUent. 
V. O. Andr., p. 44. Ihre, vo. DannemcuL V. Dakdzk. 

The only passage, that I have met with, in which 
tins term seems to occur in O. E. is one in P. Phragh- 

And when I ee it was eo, sleaping I went 
To wsme Pilatus wife, what done man was Jesus, 
For Jewel hated him aod hane done him to death. 
I wold haoe lengthened hie lyfe, for I leaed if he dyed 
That his sonld shnld snffrs no eynne in hit eyghL 


This does not seem to be an error of the preee ; mm 
the eame word occurs both in the first, and m the ne- 
oond edition. I can scarcely think that it is used in 
the same sense, as in the line following ; as if it denoted 
one of whoee preservation there was no hope. It 
eeems most naturally to aignify, excellent, surpassini^ ; 
corresponding to the sense of Su.-0. daRMmoji, 





II SMj h^ wotfky of ol»enratioo, that, in tha old 
fciyiigt of the m oouitiy of Brmbant (CcM^ptii. 
KifiiBk doom WM «Md m ui adv. qgnifyiiig eito ; ata- 
fbm t abo^prapib juta. Altlmgh thera ia a oonn- 

, it may haTo been 
wfgioany tba mum terai ; the idea of qniekneM or 
•naditioB, and otmi of i^roziinatioii to an object or 
«a» bang not Twy remote from that aug^eeted by the 
wipirlatifi^ which ezprMaaa the fall attainment of an 
«M« «r perfMtWB aa the oonaeqiienoe of progron. 

To DO YST, V. fi. To fall with a heavy 
lOQiicly AbercL 

To D0TBT9 V. a. To throw down, ibid. 

DOTBT, t. 1. ^ A sudden fall attended with 
Boiaef S.B. OLShirrefs. 

t. The noise made by aae fallings ibid. 

Svidntlj diflemt from Ihfoe and Jhuck in pro- 

xaip ; " wood, or a rope, that are unfit for 
use, S. V. Daise, •• and v. 

U. gji eg nidr. oenraara^ to throw one on his face. 

Ihmd ia naed hw Beaomont and Fletcher apparently 
as tba aame woro. It oociua in a oniioaa dialogne 
with nqpeet to blowa. 

Thtm th«e'b jwg jpww, your wherit and yoor dew$i^ 
Jbyv on the hafr. year tee o' th' lipt, a whelp ont, 
I nrer could Sad maeh dlffarenoe. iTow your ihump, 

• A thiaf dviT'd Snt torn yoor hemp-beaten, 
liikee amaa'c wind away meet ipitaAiUy : 

^ Tbera'c nothing that deitroyi a caoliek Uke it, 
lotUliafeeBowiBdrth'body. P. 387. 

Iflnd that Mr. Todd baa inoocporated Dowd in the 
& Distionaij, Ha alao ref en to duM aa naed in the 

ToDOTTT, V. fi. 1. To dote. 

MhairW thow bene, fUe ladrouie kwnf 
APfMandL and dxmikand, in the town r 

L^tdtaw, PudB. & P. it; a 8. 
^ stspa^iog tbyaelf with drink. 

t. To move as signifying stupidity, S. 

. H nshoa he cam dojitm by, 

Wr slofRteeea. an' lifted haa'e. 
Boor Hq^ioe like a itatoe etaa'i. 


*To DOZE, V. 11. A boy's top is said to 
dau, when its motion is so rapid, and at the 
saaie time so equable, that it scarcely seems 
to more at all, S. 

U. dut langonr. Man Uggr i dod^ Ungnet Ban. 
dbcMT, to lay aaleep^ doeigp sleepy. Al-S. dwaeif 
hcbe^dnO, itapid. 

To DozB, D08E, v.a. To do$e a top, to bring 
a top into tiiat rapid but equable motion, 

' fliat its rotation is scarcely discernible to 
the eye, S.; q. to make it do$0f or apparently 
to fall asleep. 

** At another [timel dodnp of tape, and pirici, and 
firie oonl% form the nrevailmg recreation.'*^ Black w. 
Hag., Ang. 1S21, p. S4. 

tt aeema to have the tame origin with dou, when 
and in S.; ae denoting that the motion, from ita Tery 
iH fi dity, BO far deoeiTes the eye, aa to aeenme the 
of an approach to a ctate of rut. 

DOZE-BROWN, adj. Denoting 
colour, or that of the fox, Fife. 


DOZD, parL adj. Applied to things in an 
usouiia state ; as, **dh/d timber,'' **a doJifd 

1. To stupify, 

Did not this enggeat the idea of a light 
mid^t rappoee Doze to be eof tened in pron. from Doikt 
dark coloured. 

To DOZEN, DosEN, v. a. 
whatever be the cause. 
Thoea who are stapified by a atroke are laid to be 


Hyt in the aepyne with a etane, 
And the mea that tharin war gaae, 
SamjdM. earn diomyl, come doon wynland. 
^^ Bartear, zfiL Tffl, Ma 

He aaw be led fra the fechting 
Schir FhUip the Moubray, the wieht. 
That had bene dotnjft in to the fycht. 
And with annyi led was he, 
Wyth twa men, apon a caoM. 
J r^ i5«., XfiiL laS, MS. 

He waa lo itapified in conaeoiienoe of the atrokea he 
had reoeiTed, that he reqnired anpport from othera. 
Thia is explained downwuda. 

— Qnhen in myd canai war thai, 

Schir PhiUp of hie du^iut 

Oareome far. 188. 

Dmynu aeema here properly to aignify atnpor, accor- 
ding to ita primitiye aenae, from A.-S. dwaeseneue, id. 
althons^ it cannot be doubted that thia ia the origin 
of d hz tneu , EL 

In a ainular aenae, old people are said to be douftf, 
when not only their limbo are atiffened, bnt when both 
thidr corporeal and mental powera fail, S. 

2. To benumb. Dozent unih eauld^ benumbed 
with cold; S. This is the more general 
sense. Dozand^ shrivelled, A. Bor. (Ol. 
Grose) is originally the same word. V. 

Caald waa the night^-bleak blew the wUatlia' win'. 
And frae the red noM fell the diiizlin' dra|!L 
Whilk tlie nnmb'd fingera acaDUy cou'd dignt all^ 
See doaaCi wi' the drift that thick'ning flew 
la pair aald Oibby'a lace, aa' dang him blin*. 

The herd, poor thing, thro* chillin' air, 
Tendi, in the meada, hit fleecy care ; 
Jkmatd wi' caold, an' driyin' aleet, 
Bow'd in a coarae, woa'n mairlan' aheet. 


3. Used to denote the hurtful e£Fects of 
a life of idleness. 

The apirita flag, an' Icee their Tigooi^ 
The Mart ia doam*d aye wi' rigour, sa 

Macmda^M PotmM^ p. 154 

4. It is used in rehition to impotence. 

How did he warning to the do9en*d ting, 
By aald Pnrganty, and the Dutchman'a ring? 

Ramaa^B Poems, U. IL 

Thia hao been derived from Tent, duytelen, attonitnm 
fieri. Sibb. prefera eyaeii, gelare ; which baa no affinity 
whataoever. Belg. ver-doof-en, to benumb maj M 
▼iewed aa remotely allied ; aa weU aa laL dod-na^ 
atapeaco^ viribna careo. Bat it ia more immediately 
connected with A.-S. dwaea, Belg. dwaoi, Su«-G. daoie^ 
atnpified : laL doi-ad, lanffuere, fattacere ; atiU from 
that prolific root daa, deliquium. V. Daw. Dan. 
deeeeniie^ aloepy, heavy, droway, haa a striking analogy. 





Whiil 90mBmm ihit ^yinoo, ii» tluit A. B damd it 
ltd in the mom mdm witb douni. That it ia Mdd, 
f§ AMfdL I am rvj oolcL Th^ alto call that daud 
mmL whieh it ill voaattd, bj laaMm of tha b ad nr ai of 
UMira. Y.Bmj. 

To Dozen, Doznr, V. m To become torpid, S. 

A dlih «f maniadlo?a light Mon growe eald, 
Aad dtabu dowa to aaaa, as f owk grow auld. 

Katna bat diaag^d har eoana ; tha birds o^ day 

ia rilaaoa « tha btndiiig ipray* 


To DKAB, V. a. To gpot, to stain, Aberd. 
Drab, t. A spot, a stain, ibid. 

Daa. dnuU^ a drop i A-S. dnMe^ fiMcaa ; Taat. 
dhiMi^ te, liraUM faeolantaa. 

To DBABLE, Draible, v. a. 1. To make 
dirty,, to be fonl. One is said. To drabU 
1m ekdUi who slabbers his clothes when eat- 

S« To besmear, S* 

Bha dMIM thm oBia «f * a Uack tada'a blada, 
Aa' bakad a baaaocfc. aa' ca'd itaude. 

Aa WUtk CUb^ Emu i^fNiiktdaU 8omg^ pc S8S. 

This ia aeariy aDiad to E. dnbhU^ and alao driwi^ 
whiah Lfa dariTaa from A-S. dr^fUmde^ riiawmaticqa. 
Y. Daaour, Bndd. 

Drables, Draibles, t.pU Spots of dirt ; or 
drops of liquid food allowea to fall on the 
dotnes, when one is eating, S.; as, ^ O fiel 
yonr frock's a' draSfleSf*' or ** a' covered wi' 
dnttbla,'' 8. 

Draiblt, adj. Spotted with droiSlet, S. 

Draiblt, «• A bib, or small piece of linen 
used to cover a child's dress to preserve its 
doihes fn»n beins soiled with drops or 
clots of liquid fooc^ Loth., Fife. 

DRABLE, «. Perhaps a servant, Honlate, 
iLS4. Y.WoDROiss. 

DKABLOCH, «• (gatU Befnse, trash ; as, 
the smallest kind or potatoes, not folly 
grown, are called mere drabloeh^ Fife. The 
same term is applied to bad butcher-meat. 

Taat. drahhe ia landarod dreg*, Belg. draMg, mnddy. 
Tlrna tha taim aufl^t ba bo n owad from liqaora. GaaL 
drmhk, ia aridently alliad, aignifying graina, and 

DBACHLE; «• One who is slow in doing 
taaj thing, who moves as if dragging him- 
self along, Ettr. For. V. Dratch, 


[DRAFE, j9re<. Drove; Barbour, Y. 634, 
Skeaf s Ed.] 

DRAFF, t. i: JQrains, or the refuse of malt 
which has been brewed, S. 

nal kflit him oar oat of that baflfon tteid, 
Off him thai trawit lald bo no mor lamoda, 
la a dn{fmjddjUt qahar ha rBmauiyt thar. 

WtOkut^ ii. 8B6k Ma 

**Am tha aow fiUa, tha cfrq^aoun i"* 8. Pw?. Far> 
famm^ p. 6. "Tha atUl aow aata ap all tha Jrqf ;" 
La. Ha wlio makn laaat iioiaa about any things ia often 
moat daaply angagad ; " apokan to jparMMia who look 
damamly» bat aca logviahi" Kal^Tt p. SIS. V. 


2. Metaph. it denotes any moral imperfection, 

Thia word ia naad in E. bat in a looaa and ganaial 
aanaa^ for rafoaa of any kind. In ComberL it lignifif, 
aa in 8., brewar'a graina, OL Oroaa. It oceans 
iqiiparently, in ita propar aanaa^ in tha foUowing 

— -ilTolf miUtn aua, Maigarita Pmriat, 
Amonaa hoggM that haoa hawas at wylL 
Thay oo baioriaal tharoa. dr^fe war ban 
Than al pradooi FMriat that in Buadioe waatth. 

La. Draff woold ba mora agreaabla to thaoL 
Taat. drqf, aliaoaa azooctaa, gliimaa grani daoooti, 
Blilian ; laL Sw. art^, id. 

DRAnr-OHEAP, adj. Low-priced, q. cheap aa 
grains, Benf rows. 

My gnda anld fHaad on Loehar-baafcip 
Your IdndnaM daimf my wannait thanki : 
Yat thanki is bat a drag-ihiap phrut^ 
O* Uitla Taloa aow a4a ji. 

Dbafft, odi. Of inferior qualily; applied 
to liquor brewed from malt, in allusion to 
the graxM^ S. B. 

W!na*i tha traa inspiring li<iaor ; 

Vf please t' 
Whan ha grtspa the foaming bkkar. 

Ihrafy drink may please tha Vicar, 
ha graspa the foaming 
Yuan an not-dainty. 

.SBhaatr^a MiMC P9$L. pc 141 

Drait-poob:, «• 1. Literally a sack for 
carrying grains, S. 

2. Used metapL in the same sense with dtaf^ 

*'Tha beat raganarata haTc thair dafilamanti^ and if 
I may apeak ao, their drt^poek that wiU dog behind 
tham all thair daya." Bath. Lett, P. i. Ep. M. Thia 
rafara to tha oommon & PTot. "Eraiy ona baa hia 

DRAG, •• A toil, a hindrance, an incum- 
brance, AbenL, Meams; q. what one ia 
obliged to drag after one. 

The shame be oa*s for aa dean rag ; 

J^* washing's naething bat a dra^. 

We hae see shoit daylight 

W. BeaiH?M lUi^ p. 84. 

DRAOOLEi «. A f eeble, ill-grown person, 

To her came a rewayl'd dra^gU, 
Wha had bary'd wives anew, 

Ask'd her in a manner legal, 
Qin she wadna bockle toa 

Trmn*9 l\)dieal JUwfrim, pi 64. 

y. WAixmaio, and WAar-DRAO. 

DRAGON,*. A paper kite, S. 
DRAOOONER, «. A dragoon. 

''That there ba two oompanies of dntgotmtn, each 
oompany oonaiating of ana hnndxad man strong- ** 
AetaCha. L, Ed. 1814. VL 242. 




.— "lifMteoit ium not M Buuiy in hit Mrrioe, nol 
*Mifau| SOOO lool^ hoTM^ And dro^^oonerji'* Sptldtngi 

llJi Inrn li itin amploved by Monro* in hii Expedii. 
«f Ibo.WbfthT Sooli AQgiment* It appeara from 
mOini that mt go omer was naed in O. EL Some trace 
il to Xat. dracomar4m$^ the name giyen in the lower 
«nira to tboee standard-bearers w& carried the sign 
€f As dNwM in their standards. 

The Wallsnf, that was wyv and wyoht, 

"-Bad him men of armys ta, 

And in hy tiU Soothmd SB, 

And hym, and day, and ruit dno^MM ; 

And hyoht all fm in waryioim. 

Sartenr, it 906, M& 

^The editions seem rightly to read dHngeaun, that 
fa^As^or forts to bridle the rebels;" Pink. N. Bat 
dh^jo m i is the wotd in MS. The phrase seems to 
dsaatsBOitsryexeeation; in the same sense in whidi 
the Mm ▼• Ansjeon is flt^Mt, 

[**T1m eontext rather impUea that it signifies to 

hsnTy to not tyrsnnically, or probably, ' to play the 
dnvfl.'* y. note in Skeat's EdTof Barbour.] 

DRAICH» Draiohtb, (ratU $. A lazy, 

Inmpbliy useless person/Peebles. 

nisossoBS to daim n oommon origin with Drtkht 
emi» sloWy q« ▼• 

DRAIDILT, |Nif<. pa. Bespattered, Perths., 

DRAIF FOSE, drove away. 

"Ansa msn sam that Hercnles, eftir the sUnehter 
of Gevso^ draifuk thir bonndis /orv plesand kye, of 
■mist plfsnd bewte. Bellend. T. Lit., p. 13L 

Boves olra node abemtm memorant. Cat. 

8n.-0. /MFWifio-a, abigers, propeUersb from /oer, 
pRH snd drifi9<t^ peUere ; A.-S. fordrV-an, id* 

DBAIO, Draik, Dreck, «. ''A word which 
freqnentlr makes part of the name of a 
dirtr low^nng place. In this manner it is 

. Qsea m '^Mospha-^&vM;^ GL Antiq. R. 
ifiMi/i^-d^, South of S. 

l^nli drmk, ooemim, httnm, Sq.-G. druegg, IsL 

DBAIOLIi, g. A small quantity of any 

thini^S.; the same with 2/rM'^&, q. ▼. [In 

AjTB. boUi DraigU and Draigkn are so used.] 

**W% no possible that ye can be in a strait for sio a 
dhsi^ as te^ pnnds." Campbell, l 241. 

To DRAKE, Draik, Drawk, v. a. To 
dmeh, to soak. To drake mealy to drench 
it with water, in order to its being baked, S. 

—An his pomis war drownd and druikiL 

Banmaiipu Ptestf, p. 82, it ISL 

BU ys sss Gkrfc Diahlnstonn T 
I a droaket hen, 

His wfg was like 

And the tea o*t h 

like amsikle masnlaag drakei gray goofe-i 

And the taU o*t haas down, 

laan laag dnutet gray goofe-pen. 
airJckm Maieotm,iMr$ CoS,, iL M. 

Herd oddly renders this in OL "dirtied, bespat- 

led.** Ifonn shoold be maufi. 

8n.-0. Iracn/tsL aqna submsrgere, is nearly allied. 
Bnt dnie is eridentiv the same with IsL drtkiga, 
afnis ohraok nl dteek^ati^ snbmei^gOb O. Andr., p. 62. 

This s eems to be merely sffefredt; dHchia, potare^ need 
obliquely, q. to give dnnlL i as A-8. drmic^M not only 
signinss to drink, bat to dranoh. 

Draiks. In the draitef ^in a slovenly, ne- 
glected, and disordered state, like something 
Quit is put aside unfinished,^ S. B. 

Hestannetin; hjs hart did onaik; 
for Oka thyag lay ti» (As dnuL 

Jamitmm'M Fepular BtOL, I VS. 

The annsion seems borrowed from meal that is 
wetted, bat not baked. especiaUy when left in thia 
state. It might, indeed, be viewed as allied to Sn.-G. 
draeek, filth, q. inike dhi. V. DaiOK. 

DRAM, adj. 1. Sullen, melancholy, S. B.; 
the same with drum* 

Sayis not your seatenoe thni, tkant worth ane fiw; 
Qahat hooetti or rsaowne. is to be dram 9 
Or for to droap like ane fordallit asf 

Dang, Virga, FnL 96L 1& 

— — Befoir me thair appeiris 
Ans woandit man, of ancht and thrattle yeiris : 
Paill of the fuse, baith bUiknit Uade and bI^ 
IMd eylt, drsM lyke, disflgnrat was he. 

Dialiog, Somomr, Oud€ Fam§, Aa p. 1. 

He has so weQl done me obey, 
OortiU sU thing thairfoir I pray 
That nerir doloor mak him dram, 

Dunbar, MaiUamd /^wsm, p. 98. 

It is strange that Mr. Pink, ahonld render thia, — 
*' That grief may never force him to the dram bottle.** 
Ibid. Note, 400. 

2. Cool, indifferent, S. B. 

—As drssi and dorty as yoong min wad be. 

Rouft SOmore, pc 81 -Y. Bawaw. 

Boss has drum in his first edition. 

IsL tkrum-Tf tacitumas, lihruma^ to sit silent.] 

Dram-heabted, adj. Depressed in spirit, E. 

Radd. refers to IsL dramb, pride. SibK prefers a 
fur less nataral etymon ; aupposing it *' sligntly cor- 
rupted from Tent, gram, aaper, inSns, stonuchosns." 
IsL dranms, melancholiena, G. Andr., p. 64, exactly 
corresponds with the primary sense of oar term. 
Thrwma oonreys the same idea, triatitia sAci ; 
HaramaL a. 18. Sa.-0. tmmpm, triatis, cni nubila 
frona est; C. B. drurm, moestns. Ir. trom, sad, 
melancholy, Lhnyd. In the eecond sense, it seems to 
haye conaiderable aifinity to IsL dramb, pride, drambt, 
proad, haughty. 

DRAMOCS[, DRAmfACH, Drumhock, $. 
1. Meal and water mixed in a raw state, S. 
This, at least, is the proper sense. 

For to refresh my itamoek, 
I was reoeiT'd. and fed with dramock. 
Aught days, and with the better. 

WaUtm'B OotL, I dSL 

Le. eight days and mors. 

Boms writes Drcmmock. V. Cummock. 

A Bor. Drummock, id. 

This word has been in use at least as early aa the 
time of the Reformation. For Knox introduces it in 
his keen ridicule of the doctrine of a breaden god. 

*'The typ» substance of that god is neither wood, 
gold, nor siluer, but watter A meal made in manner of 
a dremmoek," Reasoning, GrosragueU and J. Knox, 
Ph^ iL b.. 






>• As aoplied to may thing too much boiled| it 
- is ssid, that it is ^boiled to dramoek^ S. 

Aoeoidiag to SibK q. erammaek, Bnt for what 
VMMBf UitplsinlyOMLdftiiNa^, orowdy; Shaw. 

8. It is metaph. transferred to wine* 

Myiw h« pUyed tM fenllar thing, 
pMpgwtd th« Mlplt b«foir the kin^ 
— Na Mrito ; sin oontagioiu itomack 
Wm m ovomU with wudMOi <lrttifMiMiib8. 
U§.B^aL Andnis^ Foems 16tk CM., p. 842. 

DRANDERINO9 s. The chorus of a son^^ 

ADkd ptriuqw to Drtmt, «., q. t., or rather from 
Gflst dnmdoH, '* hmmniiig mmm or nngiiig ; " Shaw. 

To DBANOLE, v. n. To loiter behind 
others on a roao^ Loth«; DruUU synon. 

Iht townt-fowk drmufU hr thin', 
9y«M'saBdtwa'i. Th4Hai'9tRig,9lL^ 

Appamtly a dimiii. frofn iMigr, «. ». 

To DRANT, Dbaunt, Drunt, v. n. 1. To 
draw oat <Hie*s words, to speak in a whining 
waj, to drawls S. DraU, A. Bor. id. Hay. 

T» drif«l and draumi. 
Who* I cigh and gaunt, 
Cttfw BM good naioa to soon thM. 

m^gnf^ot^f S«rS9 CotLt iL 98. 

S. To drawl^ to pass in a tedious way, S. 

Bat worth grts poortith ta' black boning thiane. 
To ilroaal and ofiToL oat a life at hame. 

F t r j fu t mm 's P9em$, iL 74. 

8«.4L d^nonMK laL ciryn, dnmde, ai drym-iot to low; 
■ingirib boom eat propriam. G. Andr., p. 65. 
PML rfnm ler, ^ to tarry, loitor, linger ; " Wol£ 

Dramt, Draunt, «. 1. A drawling mode of 
enunciation^ S. IsL cfryn* (frtm-f*, mugitus. 

Bat dinaa wi' yoor areeting grioTa ma, 
llor wV yov araimM and droaing daara me. 

Mamio^s Boemt, L 2ML 

Ho that aoaaka with a dnnonif and aalls with a cant, 
b light Uko a aaaka ia the akin of a saint. 

Jlammj^$ & /Vtwi, p. 87. 

2. A slow and dull tune, S. 

DRAONAICH, s. An iu>pellation given by 
the Oaels to ibe Picts, Highlands of S. 

**Tlio oaltiYatorB of land and growera of com were, 
by tha we at o m ^Oael, known and diatingaiahed by tho 

Damo of Draoaoic^ which thoy applied to the people 
of tha owtem ooaat of Sootlano, who^ prior to Uie 
vnioa of tho oaatem and weatera inhabitanta of Soot- 
land midor one king; were known to the Romana, and 
aftanrarda to tho Sazona, by the appellation of PicU : 
thair gonaiao nanm waa that of uratmaieh, — ^To thia 
day an iadootriona labourer of the ground ia called by 
tha Hjghlandera i>nioacacA.— The Iriah called the 
PiolB CMtaieA." Qnnt'a Deaoent of the GaeL p. 

DRAP, : I. A drop, S. 

O huty Hay, with Flon.qneae, 

Oi^bo&a balmy ifrapit fiome Phabna aehene, 

fttlariaad baimaa bafoir the day.— 

Ofoa. A P.» iii, 193. 

2. A snudl quantity of drink, of whatever 
kind, S. 

The maidaa of the booaa MW our miahap, 


Drap Of THK HOUSE. ^There's a drap^ t 
the hnueT a proverbial phrase used to in* 
timate that there b some person in company 
who cannot be trusted, and that therefore 
others must be on their guard as to all that 
they say or do, S. 

The phraae aeema borrowed from tho evident inanfS- 
oienoy of a roof or wall which admita the rain. 

To Drap, v. n. 1. To drop, S. 

"It ia a flood goooo that drap9 ay;" Fecgoaoa'a 
8. Prov., p. «!• 

S. To fall individually ; as, ^ Auld folk are 
e'en dramoM awa^ Le., dying one after 
another, o. 

3. To descend from a hich perpendicular 

Elace, not by leaping, but by letting go one's 
old. It is used both as tr. a. and n.; as, 
<*He drappU the vfo^ i.e., the wall; or, 
** He drappitfiiu the window." 

Drafjpie, s. a diminutive from Drap ; as 
signifying a very small portion of liquor, S* 

-We*ra no that foa. 

Bvl juat a dmgpu in our e*o. 
Hub phraoo aeema borrowed from tho E. cant lan- 
guage. '* Drf^ ia f Ae €y€^ almoat drunk." Qroao'a 

Drafpit eoos, fried eggs ; q. dropped into 
the frying pan, S. 

DBAPS, «. pL Lead drapi^ small shot of 
every description, S. 

DRAP-DE-BERRY, s. A kind of fine 
woollen cloth, made at Beny in France, and 
anciently imported into Scotland. The use 
of this is mentioned as a proof of the luxury 
of the times, in a poem which contains a 
considerable portion of satire, and seems to 
have been written towards the middle of 
the seventeenth century. 

We had no garroenta in our land. 

Bat what were apnn by th' Ooocf to{^« hand : 

No DrtuhDe-Berry, cbaths of aeal ; 

No atnna ingnun'd in cocheneel ; 

No Ploah. no Tisiue, Cnmoaie ; 

No China, Tnrky, Taffety ; 

No proad Pyropus, Paragon, 

Or Chackarally, tbara waa none ; 

No Figorata, or Water-chamblet ; 

No Bisbop^atine, or Silk-chamblat ; 

No doth of Ckdd ; or Sever hata 

We ear'd no mora for, than tha cata : 

No windy Sowrifth'd flying feathers. 

No aweet permotted shamDO leathera ; 

No hUt or crampat richlT hatched : 

▲ laaoa, a awora in hand we anatchad. 




1h» «<ool iof B«t% M tlM cditen of Diet Trer. 

ii ■jfrniimtiU, Lm dnpt d« Fnaoe, they 

Mj» MMii d« Sadan, da Bairy, d'Abbevilla^ 

La dnp da Mauuar, art va dmp fait da laina 

lb al gsi aat ploa ^paia mia oalui d'An^leterre, qui a 

tli aiaai aooiBie dn son oe rottTiiar qu la fabriquoit 

•Tba inaanlng of *'aloallia of aeal " ia imoartaiii, on- 

froaa Vr* mUtt^ a baU, q. aoeh doatha aa ware naad 
for m aosri diaa|. Fifropm§ aaama to hare been doth 
of m bfight fad ; ¥r. pgropef I«L pyropnj^ a carbande 
of ft My 

To DRATCH, Dbetch, v. n. To go heavily 
' and lelnctantly, to linger, S.B. Chauc. 
inteiSf to delay. 

Id. dMl4k aagnitar, lanta prooedan^ OL Hervarar* 
& aa,«0. Ireag, tS y yaii a tor, qui labenter lorai nectit> 
ol labori aa aobtiabit. Ibra mmdkamdreUhe, Scot, aa a 
iinfnata ♦aim ; althoa|^thawoidhebadinhiaeye waa 
thai aaad by Ghane. aa quoted by Junina. lal. ireskr, 
partJnoTi SiL-G. irim<uu targiTenari; Weatgoth. 
mndakm^ tefgivanalio. Farhapa laL tkr^ thravi^ 
HfMa^ OMOb dafidob ia alao allied. V. Bbbch. 

DSAUCHT, 9. The entrails of a calf or 
abeqpi the pluck, S. 

At fln* Tiaw, tliia a^g^t aaaoft to be tha aanae of the 
taBv aa aaad I^Balfbor. whan aDumeratiiig thoae who 
**mayaoipaaa«poiiaaBia%arbeirwitne8a.'' "Allper« 
■ffMta thai ar of Vila and nnhonaat office or Tocatioun, 
aa alangar of droMekiU, achawer'of bairdia," Le., 
alww of baavdab Ftact, p. 379. 

Bat aa tha wofd oocoia alMwhare, it ia eridently the 

witii & droMght, m drain, a aewar. V. p. 688. 
~ 1^ a. what ia drawm oat of the boay of 1 
S aa ua B. t. drmm ia naed in a aimilar aenae, in 

ipaaaad on thoae who are condemned 
The E. tana pUek aeema to haTe been 

for tha aama raaaon. Skinner traoea it to a Or. 
Bat 8w. plodb-ifal; and Teat, pioek-vinche, 
n fdlimafrey, a haah« according to Ihre, from 
wMt^ aa aignifying to oolleet, to pick. Thna, the 
oah agnda of a ehopped pinck, which we call a haggi$, 
to hn^a been wdl kaoini to the andent Qeimana 

To DRAUCHT, v. n. To draw ihe breath 
' na looff conynluTe throbB, as a dying person 

flomod. aa a fkoqaantaliTa^ from A-S. drag-^m, to 
Br rather 8w. drag-OB, need in a aimikr aanae; 
flied doedm, be in tha agoniea of death. 

To DRAUGHT, v. a. To make a proper 
selection in a flock by choosing out and 
aeffing off the bad, S. O. 

la order to improffa tiieir aheep-atoek, the atora* 
aartara are ^aiy earefol to draught them properly. 
TUa ia dona by aeOing off all the lamba that are inferior 
in ionn and abape» or in other reapecta improper for 
Waa d ara at tha tuna they Are weaned, or at any time 
in ttM oooiaa of tha antaam." Agr. Sarr. OalL, p. 

Dravcht ewe, a ewe that is not reckoned fit 
for breedingy that is picked oat from the 
rest either for being fattened, or, if already 
fat, for being sold, Roxb.; synon* Cast Ewe* 

— *'lboaa are nicked oat which -are moat unfit for 
braedarai and in beat condition for the market These 
ara oaUad DraK^ or Cad Ewes.** Agr. Sorr. Boxh. 

They rBod^a tide deaominatioa from fovr yaara of 
age to aiz and npwarda; q. drawn oat for the market. 

DRAUGHT TRUMPET, the war trumpet. 

Be thia there annoor craUiyt aad there gov. 
The draueht trumpet blawis the hng of were : 
The iloghcrae, enaenye, or the wacne cry 
Went f or Um battaU eU aold be reddy. 
— ^He drioia farth the itampand here on raw 
Vnto the yoik, the ehariotu to draw : 
He elethii Um with hie icheild. and lem ja bald. 
He daq»ia hia gUt habirihoaa thrinfUd. 
Claarimm, Dmg, Virgil, SSQl 8S. 

Rudd. thinka that it ia ao called, becaoae "by ito 
aoond 'it drawa the aoldiera to their cdouii or atan- 
darda.!* Bat from the eenae in which the term ia here 
naed, it impliea that the troopa were aammoned to 
hameaa or arm themaelTea for the fight. The term, 
therefore, may peiiiApa be allied to Sa.-0. dragtig^ 
armoar, hameaa for war ; dnugt^ attire. V. Ihra, to. 
Drahba^ draga, 

DRAUGHT, Dbaucht, «• 1* Any lineament 
of theface, S^ [line, outline.] 

'*So aone aa tha apiritof grace hath begnnne to draw 
the draughts and lineamenta of God*a image within the 
aoole of a man, nothing ahaU be able to deface or 
mangle that linalia image.** Z. Boyd'a Laat Battel^ 
p. 10S4. 

In her Ikir face ilk iwaet aad bonny draught. 

Come to themaeUa.— Ra$^9 Sdmmn, p. 9k 

V. TaACK, ayaon. 
2. A piece of craft, an artful scheme, S. 

" The flOTemor paaaed hia way to Edinbargh, ac- 
companied with ana amall nnmber of Iblkia : that be 
the draueht and connaall of toa wyae and pmdent pre- 
Uttia," fto. Pitaoottie'a Cron., p. 29. 

"I hnve been writing to yon the ooanaella and 
draughts of men againat the kirk." — ^Ratherford'a 
Lett, P. iiL ep. a 

I ken br thee that drauekt waa drawn. 
That honest T^th was so abos'd ; 

For many a man thoa hast ow*r thrawn, 
Whersfors thoa shaU be now aocus'd. 
P, Motif 9 TruiK% Tro^odM, Fmm»euiai9 PoeSi», 1715. p. 109. 

Teat, draght, Tsatigiae^ from dragh-en, to draw. 
8a.4}. dragHi ia oaed in thia fignraiiye aanae; dedpere, 

Dbauchtie, Dbauohtt, o^f. 1* Designing, 
capable of laying artful schemes, S. 

" Every body aaid— that, bat for the derioea of aold 
draughty KeebYin, he woald baa been proven aa mad 
aa a March hare." The Entail, ii. 121. 

*' I ooald diacem that the flankiea were draughtg 
feUowa, thong^ they aeemed to obey him ; for when 
they, at the end of the time, came back with the car- 
riage for Jam, the horaea were reeking hot,*' Ao. The 
Steam-Boat, p. 189. 

2. Artful, crafty ; applied to the scheme it- 
self, or to discourse, S. 

" ni be plain wi' yoo, aaid m^ grandfather to thia 
draughty apeech,** fto. B. Qilhaiae, L 1S2. 

DRAUGHTS, Drauohts, #•©/• Light grain 
blown away with the chaff in winnowing, 
Galloway ; TaOs, Clydes. 

"The quantity of oata conanmed by a work-horse 
variea from fifteen to twenty-five boahela, if ^ood oata 
are given ; bat aa draugkU are commonly given, the 

Quantity ia proportionally increased." Agr. Sarv. 
^alL, p. 114. 




PRAUCHTS, Drauohtb, «. The game of 
draughts. Y. Dams.] 

DRAUGHT, t. A draught for money, S. 

Wl' JrmvU « tfrvMAlU br illn HolkBd mail, 
BiPn Mt a' CmUt v» ban toogM em talL 

jB0i^« ITttaMn^ p. as. 

ToDRAnK,9.a. To drench, to soak, Gal- 
lowajr. Y. Drakb. 

O di^ qoo dMb JIM meal^ mM\ 

DRAYE, Dbaiv, «. 1. A drove of cattle, 

S. A Aoal of fishes, S. 

"TmnMMitii qiuui^tiat of iMcringi were eared for 
borne oooeumpfioii, end for ezpoftraon. The Drove, 
■■ h ii iMve oeDid, wae aeldoa known to leiL" P. 
Ghia» Kfee. Stetiit Aoo., is. 44S. V.TACK.e.2. 

8. A crowd, a throng of people, S. 

A-8. lirw/I ennente; aameB,— ^rez honinnm. IsL 
dk«/, l^Bk drjflt. BvljS. drift, ^ ^*^ drifuho. 


fonaifrvi^oooiiisinBeiboQr; V.OL loSkeai'e 

DRAW, 9. A halliard, a se^-term, ShetL 

. Id. dn g^r ^ t ftinie dnotoiiiii^ fromiira^-a, to draw. 

^o DRAW, V. n. 1. To be drawn out in 

**Ali BekQlwoa forTiiJa. tlM atane aa drmaU to 
zfiQa." Aberd. Bflg.» A 1638L V. Ifl^ p. eOl. 

i. To filter, to oose, S. B. 

•«Ib other aitnationa the aob-aoil ia ao ooncreted, or 
baid, that water doea not liraw or filter beyond a 
law Mt of diatanoe." Agr. 8iirr. Kincard., p. 368. 
^Thia ia neerly allied in aignifioatioa to Tout, dragk- 
«■» poa emittei% pnndeotun eaae; Belg. draag-tm, 
«*toieaolfn into matter." SeweL 

To. DRAW OMTi To be delayed; [to 
last, to exist.] 

**Thia dmm eeer for ane apaoe^ and meantyme 
IfaraarelL onr yonng queine^ broncht home ane aone," 
*«. ^taoottie'a Cran.. p. 256, Ed. 1728, id., p. 107. 

HXhir enmberia drtw over till the king waa toelf 
ymiea of age." Ibid.,jp. S12. 

I hare not obeerrea any phraee ezactljr aimilar in 
any other language. That meet akin to it ia Teat., 
oecr-tfnM|0i4-«s rannneiarob referra. 

[DRAW, V. a. To draw, to eviscerate. 

thai baagyt, and sum thai drew, 

- ■ V ii- ^ 8kMt*a Ed.] 

To DRiLW one's Pai9^ to give over, Aberd. 

** Dnm kUptm, ga^anp theporanit : " OL fflkicrefa.; 
pariiapa q. drew in Ida jmcs, aiackened hia ooiuae ; aa 
nme$, 8. &, aignifiea to pnnoe. 

To DRAW to or tUl, v. a. **It*VL draw to 

rain," a phrase commonly nsed when the 

atmosphere gives signs of approaching rain, 


ThiaiaaSw. idiom. Ddcfra^erf^ianpn, *«There'a 
n shower a gAthering." Widegr. 

To DRAW to w iUl, 9. n. Gradually to 
come to a state of aJFection, or at least of 
compliance ; as, ^ For as skeigh she looks, 
she'll dmw titl him yet,** S. 

To DRAW to a head^ to approach to a state 
of ripeness, S. 

"Mow hia majeaty begina to waken, and ia foat 
. dbw0to^ to M Aaoii.'* 8Beldtn& u. 29. 

*'Thia noUe marqnia tHnntly] drawi to on Aecul,— 
makea a band diadaiming the laat oorenant, obUging 
ilk man by hia awom orai to aenre the kioig in tliia 
ezMdition,'' ko. Ibid., p. 163, 164. 

Borrowed perfai^ from the progrma of T^getablea to 
the elate in which they ehoot lorth their fruit ; if not 

from the at^puation of n aore. 

To DRAW ijp with. 1. To enter into a state 
of familiar interconrse, or of intimacy; nsed 
in a general sense, S. 

8. To be in a state of conrtship, S. 

"The poor man gete aye a poor maixiaffa, and when 
I had namthing I waa fam to draw vp wr yon." Sir 
A WyUie, iii. 1S2. 

*' I ne'er drew up wP anither till I came to my lord 
*M honae, fto. H. Blyd*a Contract^ p. 6. 

stretch cloth to increase its measnre.] 

— >'*It ia atatttte a ne ntia cfroasar&i <^ elaiUk k lit- 
ataria of fala eolooria, that — gif ony tfitiioartf i^eiaUke 
beie apprehendit, that ane mdf of the aaidia godia to 
be oar aonerane lordia eeohete, k the tother half to 
the bughe." Acta Ja. V., 164^ Edit 1814, p. 376. 

Dbawin Clatth. Cloth that has been 

••Oif the aaid eeilar [aealer] beia fund eolpable 
aeland Ynaofficient odioor or drawin ekuth^ he to tyne 
hia bedome^ and to be pnniat in hia penoone and gudia.'* 

Thii aeema to reepeot vndne methoda naed for 
longthening oloth, eo aa to make the measurement 
more than it ooght to be. The B. t. to draw aignifiea, 
in a general aenae, to lengthen. The aame act men- 
tiona other illegal practices, which haye been apparsntly 
naed lor thickening cloth, ao as to make it appear oif 
a better teztore than it really possessed. 

'*Sidik of thame outwitn bnrgfae dingand calk, 
cieache, or >foi(iJKl daithe." In Edit. 1566, foL 138, 
b. it ia **Miiand or cardand claith ; in Skene'aylaiE-> 
londL lliia aeema to aignify, applying cards to it, or 
beating it with a ^aU, or aome similar instrument, for 
the purpoee of thickening it. Perhaps dinging '* calk 
or creeche ** means, driTing chalk or giease mto th« 
web with the aame deeign. 

* DRAWBACS[, s. A hindrance,' an ob- 
struction, S.; falso, a deduction imposed as 
a fine, Clydes.] 

DRAWKTT, Soaked. V.Drake. 

To DRAWL, V. n. To be slow in action, S. 

The S. word ia confined to alowneae of speech. 
Johns, derivee it from draw. But it is more alhed to 
Teut. drael-^m, cunctari, tardare ; Kilian. 

DRAWLIE, adj. Slow, and at the same 
time slovenly, Lanarks. 

This ia pure Tent. Draelighf onnctabondna, dssen^ 
tgaaToa; from <lrae{-€N,cuictari, tardare; laL draU-a^ 




MqvL It it a^pwMitlT ft oogDAto of & 
wliieh a Tanety of sindrtd 

OBAWUNO, «. 1. Bog'Cotton, a plant, 

^Dmmikti (Iho Sriopbonim VagtmUwrn Uantm, 
BwOottoB. or Hoiwrop— ) laooeods it in MiKh ; to 
JMyimt, baoMM tbo ■hoep^ withont biting^ wdn 
tnoirij tlM port obovo gronnd, mod draw up o long 
wUto Mft of tho pUttt in o ■ocket below." Penno- 
mSk^ Dooer. Twoedd., Ed. 1815^ pb 51. 

■t. EzpL also as denoting^ the Scirpiu caes- 
' pitosna, LiniL, Ayn. V. ander Lino, «• 
To DBE, Dree, Dbet, v. a. To 8ii£Fer, to 

endue, S.; [ako, to make to last, like the 

K. phrase, ' to spin oui.*] 

——Ho wild trawaiU oar tibo m 
Jad <iohib in AuryM be» 
And 4n mjieUflff qohar nao« hym k«nd« 
im Qod torn nooovii tai bim tend. 

AofteHT, L ssr, M& 

Br m^ T^noi, qobot poayi sail tbon dft 

Ih^ Fttyi^ n, SOL 

B ii mem wiitlMi dn$; oa to dnepenamee^ & 
''Mdo in npoor biioot hM miekie dolour to flrM/" 
& Ikvr. K«lqr» p. 87tt. 

^-Bt did fPMt pjao and rndkb mutow dfw, 

fbdhwoBo'otMfird^ todopenanoob* S. Drw^onttbo 
bMb» M yon boTO dono Ibo •pan;" ProT. Kelly, p. 84. 

^' Aeootdiiu| to Ibo pooalar belief, be (Tbomaa tbo 
IhyBor] attUidrwt Ait wenrd in Fairy Land, and ia one 
dnr oipecte d to remit eartb.** 

mha n#«ri|]i] ansfrera briefly to Waldebaye'a enqnirr 
bia namo and nature^ tbat be drtet Aa 


wtkt^ Lo. doea penanoe in tbat wood." Bfinatrelay 
EoidM; iL 287. 296^ y . 

Sbbu derirea it "from A.-8. ^rowian^ pati, from 
ttrwL affliction inflictio.'' Tbii, altbongb probaUy 
aOiad, ia ratbor diatant. Ray bad mentioned A.-& 

id. ia tbe proper root; 

pral. I 

pati. Drtog-an, ki. la uie proper 
dre&k; dnak amd atMoide, lore, ae arted amd 
J & The oomponnd terma Sm.-Q, /oerdrag-a^ 
Bi^ ecrdraa|P-€a, botb aignify to coffer, from drag-a^ 
drmag w, to dratr, to cany, to bear ; wbicb ibewa 
tbajtbiy bave been tranaferrad from labour to anffer- 
iML and indicates tbat A.-S. dreog^n bas been tadi- 
ouqr tbo aame witii drag-an, to draw. floL dr^fpa^ 
to wofk ont» to oonmiit ; to make to last] 

Ta Dbe, Dret, v* m. To endure, to be able 
to act, to continue in life. 

He an tin bewTt tbat be our tab; 

Jad dang on taaim qnbiU be mycbt drtw, 

BarAoiir, i£ S88k Ma 

Vow beip quba wffl : for tekyriy 
. Tbii day, but mar baid,f6cbtwfllt' 

Ban aa man M7,.qiibiU I may drtjf» 

Thai atrntb-of men mU ger me fly. 

iNu. zTtti. ci^ ica. 

IB Edit. leSOL ^wbilo tbat I die. 

Lo. aa bmff ao I continue in life. If tbia be not an 
firor for mt, tba Editor bas tbna giren tbo senae^ 

a nw w i a in f per h ap^ tbat it would be more generally 
nuentood tban tbe original jpbraae. 
**To tfrse^ perdnrar^'* GfL Nortb. Ray. A.-& 

* To DREAD, Dreed, v. a. To suspect 
Tins sense is, I beUeve, pretty general 
thiooghoat S.; [also^ to oouot, to fear.] 

Tbia ia moroly aa oblique use of tbo term aa aignify- 
iag to fear. According to tbia analogy, tbo t. to 
J)ombi ii uaed aa ozpcemiya of fear. 

Dread, Dreed, «• Suspicion; as, ^I hae an 
ill dnad o' you,** I have great suspicion of 
you, S. 

Dreader, Dreeder, •• One given to suspect 

others^ S. ; pron. q. dreeder. 

It oocQH in tbo 8. Prov., aa it ia fireqnontly ok- 
preBBsd; '*IU doers ara ay ill dreodleri.'* 

• To DREAif. An old rhythm has been 

transmitted in Teviotdale concerning 

dreaming of the dead* 

To dream cftiie dead before day. 
Is basty news and soon away. 

DREAMINO BREAD. 1. The desi^tion 
given to a bride's cake, pieces of which are 
carried home by young people, and laid 
under their pillows, ^e iaea is, that a 
piece of this cake^ when sleeped on, 
possesses the virtue of making the person 
dream of his or her sweetheart, S. 

'*Wlien tbey zeacb tbe bridegroom's door, some 
cakea of abortbread are brcAen over tbe bride's bead. 
— It ia a peculiar fayour to obtain tbe amallest crumb 
of tbia cake, wbicb ia known by tbe name of dreaming 
breads aa it possesses tbe talismanio virtue of favour- 
ing aacb as lay it below their pillow with a nocturnal 
viaion of tboir future partner for life." Edin. Mag., 
Nov., 1818^ p. 413L 

The aame cuatom exists in tho Hi^^ilanda, and bas 
been described in a work wbicb merita more attention 
tban baa yet been given to it* 

At length the priest* s high task was o'er. 
And boond the bond might part no morsu 
The blnshiog bride** salute was given. 
The cake above her head was riven. 

/. AUam-St^e Bridal qfCaolocKairmf pi 28. 
"Before ahe crosses tho threshold, an oaten cake ia 
broken over her bead by the brideaman and bridea- 
maid, and distributed to the company, and a glass of 
whisky passes round. — ^At Highland festivala the bottle 
ia always droulated sun-ways, an observance wbicb 
bad ita rise in tbe Druidical deas' oil, and once regu- 
lated almost every action of tbe Celta.'* N. ibid., 
p. 312. 

2. The term is also applied to the cake used 
at a baptism. This is wrapped up in the 
garment which covers the posteriors of the 
infant, and afterwards divided among the 
young people that they may sleep over it, S. 

" Miss Nicky wondered what waa to become of tbo 
ebriatening cake she bad ordered from Perth. — ^Tho 
Misses were ready to weep at the disappointment of 
the dreaming hread," Marriage, L 2S9, 

DREAR YSOME, adj. Having the charac- 
ters,or suggestingtheideaof dreariness, S.B. 

Tet in spite of my counsel, if they will needs run 

Tbe aruuymme risk of the spuming o% 
Let them seek out a lythe in toe heat of the sun, 

And thers venture o' the beginning o't 

JUftt'eBodBond Wee FiekU Tow. 

A.-S. dreorigf moestua, and eom, aimilia. 

• • 




DBECHOUR,«. A lingerer. 

•^Am dd nook a iMhoor, 
A dmldBifrwAovn 

CUMMAw, P.j.T.74. 

V. IhuiOB, Dbrcb, v. to liBfler. 
DntdUp Ghanoer. to deUy. Thiu the phnM 
t^ngnifyoiMwho "tARiM Atihe wine.** 

DRED, preL Dreaded. 

**Th6 Boouuii*— <fred; bM«ii« moiiv IflgioaiM of 
VolaeliM war Uand at Am^inm, that it ■aid tharefora be 
fwderit to inamyia." BeUend. T. Liv., p. 238. 

••Thxow the oocaaioiiiia of thia trnUiia tyrna. and 
grot innobadieiioe maid bayth to God and man, in the 
eonmitting of dinerM enorme and azhorbitant erymea, 
it ia dred and ferit, that evill diapoait paraonia will 
imraid, dialxoy and caat doone, and withhald abbayia, 
•bl»y plaoia.'^fta AeCa Macy, 1640, Ed. 1814, p. 470. 

A.-& ad!raefl-aii» timara. 

[Dbedakd, part. Fearing. - 

Thia ionii oooan finaquantly in Barboor.] 

[Dbxde, Dbexd, «. Doubt. 

In Barboor hr. 877t ^^d cfrerfe— without doabt» and in 
r.Sm^wUAmamdrtUL V. 8keat*B Ed.] 

DREDGE-BOX, «. A flour-box« with boles 

Srforated in tbe lid, S. Dredger^ E.; 
liley, Todd. 

** I «Mld make no batter o*t than to borrow the 
4m ig 9-bo» oat of the kitchen, and dreea the wig with 
oiy own handa." The Steam-Boat, p. 206. 

Dkbdoub, DRiDDERy •• 1. Fear» dread; 
pron. driAeTf S* B. 

With dndftdl dndour trymUii^ for affray 
Hm TMania fled licht (wt and biak a#ay. 

D&u^ VirgO, 805, 1& 

Bat Bydby'a driddtt wama quite awa' : 
Within her Ingi the thnnder'i roar jet knella. 

RotTB Hdmon,^ 78. 

To drta lAe drUktrt^ to abide the reanlt or oonae- 
q;aenoea of a raah or wicked action, Ang. 
pB Barboor vw, 761» oooon cireifM^-^Lread.] 

S. Snflpidon, apprebension, S.B. 

A.-8. draed^ timor, from 8a.-0. raetf-<w, timere; 
raecU^ timor, to which, according to Due, the A.- 
Saxona hava prefixed d. Bat aa thev had a partiality 
for a aa a prefix, it woold app«ur, that they added a 
en p ^oii tf esiiM, aa airtud-an^ timere. Or, thia mav 
eotreapond to Alem. oncfreifiC, timet, and oikiredofMfi, 
timentea ; Sehiltar. V. Rao. Hence^ 

To Dridder, v. To fear, to dread, S. B. 

Ola we haM heal, we need na dHdder mair; 
Te ken we winoa be let down to bare. 

itoff't EeUnartf pc 28. 

To DREEL, v. ft. To move qnicklj, to run 
in haste, Ang. 

Aa the was aoaple like a rery eel, 

0*« hfli and dale with fury the did ilfwi. 

Jtott** Bdmort^ p. 68. 

8a.«0. drOU^ circnmagere; Teat cfriff-en, motttare, 
altro dtroqae cor^itare. 

We alao neak of the drtdlng or driUmg of a carriage, 
that morea both amoothly and with velocity; although 
thia may refer to the Ungling aourd. The verba re- 
ftrred to are oaed in both tenaea. 


8. To cany on work with an equable apeedy 
motion^ S« B* 

the lamtea, wl' their onihod heela, 
Are rittin' at their ipianin' wheels. 
And weal ilk blythsome kemper dreeU 
And bowi Ilka wands. 

Th€ Fknm ^s Ai*, st 7. 

Aold lodda saya tlieyYe in a crsel, — 
And bida the tovlor haito and ilfwl 


Aa applied to the apinning-wheel, it ia nearly allied 
to Teat. driZ^eii, gyroe aoere, orbicolatim verMiri, 
gyrare, rotare; whence cfruife, rhomboa, aynon. with 
tpod-vndf a apinninff-wheel or reeL 

In the Uat example, the term might aeem aqoivalent 
to E. drOL, Teat. driO-en, terebara. 

Dreel, 8. . A swift violent motion, S. 

ii 4M o* wted; a '« hozricana^ btowing weather,** OL 

a Awf e^ wted; or Bin o' froet, 

Or eoBM sic flap, 
Hm aft the fimner^apiMpeeta erott» 

And fbird the cnp. 

* AuMiAi Jfik. Fottt p. 178. 

DREEN, ;>afi. po. Driven, South of S. 

— 8naw in spltten aft was drmm 
Amang the air. 

r. Sedt§ Forngf P* 888b 

DBEFYD, /mf. Drave. 

Bet oowatioe the ay fra honoor dr%/yd. 

W0ikut, xL 1888, na 

DREO, 8. A very amall quantity of any 

liquid, S. 

Ilie S. retaina the aingolar form of laL dr^, Sa.-0. 
dntiegfff faax. 

DREOOLE, «. A small drop of any liquid, 
S. ; synon. dribble, [Dreglin ia a form used 
in Clydes.] 

Sa,-Q, drtgg, dngi; otdregel, lalivm. 

To DREOLE, Draiole, v.n. To be tardy 
in motion or action, S.; synon* drateh^ 
Thia baa the aame origin with Drekk, q. v. 

[Dreoler, «. A lagger, one who is slow or 
heartless at work. Clydes.] 

DREG-POT, 8. A tea-pot, Gl. Picken, S. O. 

Thia aeema to be merely a wn, of Traek-poit q. ▼. 

DREGY, Derot, •• 1. The funeral sen^iee. 

^We sail begin a carefoU soon. 
Ana Dnag kynd, deToat and meik; 
The blest abone we sail bsseik 
Yoa to delyrir out of year noy. — 
And see the Dngjf thos begins. 

Jhutbar, Evtrgnmt IL 42. 

2. The oompotation of the funeral company 
after the interment, S. 

Bat he was first heme at his ain ingle-side. 
And he helped to drink his ain dirgie, 

aerdP9 CoiUctum, il 80. Pron. drtgg, S. 

Formeriy, thia practice waa often attended with 
great abase; but it ia now generally laid aside 
ezoept in some villages, or placee in the coontnr. Too 
much ground waa undoabteclly |^Ten for the renectioiin 
of aa £ngUah writer on thia aubject. 





IT arc'tboQt to ntum [from 11m 
• put ci tMoi an Mlaeted to go bAck to 
I all aoRow aeema to be immadiately 
and wna ia filkd about aa f aat aa it can go 
fond I tffl than ia hardly a lobar penon among tham.— 
lUa kH fcamofo th«joaIlthe/>riMi|^ [r. Dredq^l bat 
I aapyoai^ thar waan tlM Dhrgep that ia, a aemce par* 
ionaad for a diad Mraoa aoma tima after hia dam ; 
m tkia m^ ha iaaiaad af a lamantation anng at the 
2 mift I am enra it haa no aadnem attending it» 
IthaloraaaekinghaadnaxtmoRiing.'' Boxt'a 

damaa ^ttrge *'from the beginning of the 

MHff mm, I>oildne» which naed to be chanted 

"^^^ It la not, however, the heaimunff, bat 

I of tha fifth PlMdm, one of thoee song 

lor tha dead. The partieoUr reaeon why 

to ha need aa a deaignation for the aenrice in 

hava been tluit Dirige was repeated 

u tha Antiphona. In like manner tlua 

aiqgimi a MCeqtUem, beeaoae in Afferent 

maol£a - - 


af tha aama ofiba the Antiphone wai, Bequiem 

doa% fta or aimply, Bequiem, Thoa, alao^ 

caUad TeDmm haa been denominated from 

voida s and tha IfoM, L. B. IfSiM, from 

v. Mm. 

Tha word /Nryf ^fpewa in ita primary form af 

*^ holh fai & and'O. E. 

Hm plaj that ahonld hava been made waa all 

fm awil mamaa and DirigUt; where-thnragh 

yaid wmjk mmiming, throng the oonntry, and 

that it waa great pity for to aee : and 

alia Hw Kn^ haaiy moan, that ha made for her [Q. 

than all tha leat'* Pitaoottie^ 


^ At tha hat enpta in the worahipinnge of reliquea 

yBM^ with holy oyla and ereameb with the 

and pia% in the feaatea and dedicationa, wi^ 

milling and JUrigeu for tha dead." Bale'i 

IiHga of both Chaitthaa, sSgn. L. 2. 

DREICH, DssBOH, adj. 1. Slow, Ungering, 

She waa not me ikMgfa, 
Bar wf her aaivar Tvy Uate or dreyil. 

Rm^9 Hdatan, pc 8flL 
. DrtUk ^ dnmrim\ a yaiy common phnie, applied to 
aaai^aia alow in making ready to move from a phuse, 
vha makaa littla progrwa in the neoeiiary prepara- 

"^Tha Sail,'* it li laid, 8. O., ««la a rery dreegk 
anti'La. whM lain fdlaont from tha eaat, it gena- 

3. Tedious, weariaome. A dreieh road, S. In 
iUi MOfle A* Bor. dree is used; ^long, 
sfWBJng teduNis beyond expectation, spoken 
of a mj^ Bajr. 

The cmlgww i^, itay and drtieh, 


Bdd to ba dnkk, beeaoae of the little prognm made 

wnO and goutle waa the aleht, 

Jamimom'9 Pupulmr BaXL^ L 232: 

^■* Wa MMt Jwt tnr to walk, although neither of 
aa an vmy ainmg ; ana it ia, they lay, a Ung drtigh 
mad.* M. IjiZay, n. 144. 

Thaiaabj axpL d^i^ "kmg» tediona ;** Ray'a Lett, 

pu as. 

a. Metapli* used to denote distance of situa- 


bap down, my muter dear, 
lA the wiadow'a drtigh and hie f 

rn eateh yon In my anni twa, 
Andaa?er a foot from yoa I'll flee. 

itttam'a i& Anyt, IL S& 
Ray atrangdv anppoaea that drw *'ia originally no 
more than drgr Ruad. derivea our word from "draw, 
to protract.*' Sibb. properly refen to Teut draegh, 
taraua, ignaToa. We have the yery form of the word 
in Qoth. drv, drtiM-r, prolixui ; lal. droq<Lr, tardus, 
O. Andr., ]^ 65. Su.-G. dro^ck, cunctan. Sw. drgg 
ia uied preoiely in the leoond lenae ; drgg wM, a long 
mile ; iryg^ ande, a heavy piece of work ; ea drgg 
i.t 4. ■ . ^^^^1^ ^ peruae," Le. tedioui, pro- 



lis. V. Wid^. With th««e oorreapond Su.-0. troeg, 
tardua, laL (n^-ar, throag, drog ; treg-a, tardare. 
A.-S. tkraeae, qui diu moratur, Hickea, Gram. A.-S., 
p. lis. Aiem. dragi, tragi, tarditaa. Fria. drae4en, 
morari ; Belg. ver-traag-en, to delay, traaghegd, alow- 
nem, larinew. To thii fountain muat we trace ItaL 
trtg<ire, oeaaare. Ihre yiewa drag-a, to draw, aa the 
root.- He reckona thii probable, not onlv becauae the 
Latina uie the phraie trahere moras, but becauae thoaa 
who cany heaTy bordena move alowly. It ii alio in 
favour of thia hypotheaia, that the compound /o«r-dra^ 
aignifiea aj^delay. [IiL drjugur, laatiug.] V. Dkatch. 

Dbeich, Dbeoh, On dreichf used adv. 1. 
** At lebnre, at a slow easy pace,^ Rudd. 

litill luloa ml bera me cumpany, • 

My ipooi en dreich aftir our trace mil hy. 

Doug. Virga, 82. 80L 

It aeema donbtfnl, if it doea not rather mean behind, 
aa adreieh ia need, c^. r. ; alao, on dreich, ibid., 278. 36. 

Rttdd. obeervea, in Addit. that "lo>b//oto oadret^ 
S. ia to follow at a diatanoe, but ao aa to keep aig^t of 
theperaoo whom we follow." 

Thua the phraae ia used by Bellend. 

'*The fint battaU waa fochtin en drtiek,** Gron. & 
iv. 0. IS. Emintu certabatur, Booth. 

Why dmwM thou the-on dregh, and mak dche demy f 

air OMoan and Sir OaL, iL li. 

It ia uied in tha aame aenae by R. Brunne. 

Mml jn wiat it raid not vaile 
Strength of body ne traoaile. 
He bad tham alle dnw tham o^ dreih, 
Thoigh ftrength aa com ye tham neigh. 

App, to rrrf,, esdv. 

Heame renden it, " aaide, away ; — He bid them all 
draw themaelvea away ;*' QL 

2. At a distance. 

*' Throw ana eigne that Quincina maid on dreich, the 
Romania iachit fra thair tenUs." BeUend. T. Liv., p. 
213. Signnm a le procul editum, Lat. 

Drsichue, adv. Slowly, as denoting long 
continuance, S. 

They dnuik dreicklk about- 

BoMjCodgoar, B. i. a. 

Dreichxess, •• Slowness, tediousness, S* 

DREICELDreeoh, s. A stunted, dwarfish 
person, Roxb.; merely the provincial pron. 
of Draichj q. v. 

DREIK, «. «« Dirt, excrement. Tent, cfreci, 
sordes, stercus." QL Sibb. A.-S. drogt^ id. 
(TsL threkkur^ excrement.] 

To DREIP, V. n. 1. To fall in drops, S.; to 
dripf £• 

O bonaie, bonnie was her mouth. 
And cherrx were her cheiki; 




AadtUt tUt WM bar i«II»ir htb. 

S. To haTe water carried o£F by means of dripp- 

flnglii-teBd farto lh« pool m jmU I koott ;— 
Bvt MM I kMl Bft look a eUaf^t of me ; 
Jad Adik no only md kid mo down to <lf«9i 

itoi^t MtUmartt pc 42. 
Hmioo Um phnoo^ Dreqi^ing wd, S. i ao drenchod 
nia, or atbenriM^ that tbo moiatara dropa from 

dtwm aw, 811.-G. dntp^ laL drehk^ Bolg. 

PaL ctnefpo, to let fall in drqpa.] 
8. To descend perpendicularly from a high 
- sitoation to a lower, S. ; synon. Drcy^. 

4. To walk yenr slowly; as, ^There she 
comes drufvif Sw; a metaphor apparently 
borrowed / n»n the descent of water, when 
it falls drop by drop. 

5. To do any piece of business slowly, and 
without any apparent interest| S. • 

To Dreip, v. o. 1. To remove the remains 
of any liquid by dripping; as, Drttp the 
gn^beatai S. ** Dram the stone-bottle.** 

S« One is said (q dreip a W, who lets himself 
descend from a window, or who drops from 
the top of a wall to the bottom, S. 

Dbeipie, «• An inactive female, Upp. 

DREIRE, «• This word occurs in the counsel 
left by R. Bruce, as to the proper mode of 
defending Scotland. It is probably an error 
of some transcriber for dnre, dert^ hurt, in- 
jury. As the passage is curious, I shall be 
excused for inserting it fully. 

Ob tat mid bo aU Scottia wefio, 
Ba byll and mooia thaim aelf to wairik 
Lat irod for wallia ba bow and ipaiii, 
Ikat iaayvMia do tbaim na drtin, 
la atiaH plada gar keip all itoirt; 
Jad bjrMB tha plaiMn. land tbaim bafina: 
naaaa nJl tbai pam away in baist, 
Mmb tbat tbaTflDd natbing bot waiat; 
Wltb wrllli ana waykenen of tba nicbt, 
Jad maklU noyau niaid on bycbl 
nanan nJl tbay tainen witb gret aflhd, 
Am tbal wart duwii witb iweiu away. 
TUa la tba oovmaU, and intent 
or god K^ Rdbart'i taatament. 

Fotdtm aeeHAr., VL 02. 

It can acarooly bo oonaidorad aa alliad to A.«S. 
ifreore; lal. dmr, cmor, aangnia; which aaama to be 
the root of dretrig, E. dreary, 

DREMURT, paH. adi. Doiv-ncast, dejected, 
Ettr. For.; obviously corr. from E. demurt. 
y. Drummure. 

DREXE, «. 

Ana Ma, thocbt ba baif caoa or nana, 
Oyia ay, Oif ma into a drttu; 
And ba that dronia ay as ana baa 
Bonld baif ana bairar doll as stansi 

M hrn k mr ^ BanrntUyn* Foem», pi 46, at. a 

CMia ay, Otti mm, onto a d rem, 

JPafiyrstn, IL SS. 

Lmd Hailaa fendon tide ''drain, aoont. oondatk" 
Bat nndoabtadly thai waa not Dnnbar a meaning. It 
•MOBB to aignify a conatant repetatioii of the same 
thlm^ irmkt nms^ remUe, aynon. 

Tlua Tiaw ia mneh confirmed by the line following; 
ia which the parMm ia deacribed aa atill droming like n 
bee. The term may be immediately allied to A.-S. 
dram^ Genn. frane, freen, facoa, a drone; aa alluding 
to the nnintermpted boizing made by thia insect. 
Belg. dremn^ a trembling noiae. It may, howerer, 
hnTo the aame general origin with Drmil, e. q, t. 

To DRESS» V. a. 1. <«To treat well or ilL' 

Tliara-lbrs thai, tbat cobm to spy 
Tbat land, thaim cbvnyl nnmodtily. 

irinaoini, IL a 72. 

2. To chastise, to drub, S. 

Tent^ cfrcsacA-ai, ▼erberara. V . Doubut. 

8. To inm linens, S. Hence, a 
a smoothing iron. 

Dbessino, 9. Chastisement, S. 

To DRESS OM^'s 9elf <o, to have recourse to. 

*' All men that wonld haTo had their boaineaa ezped, 
drestttltiUmueMt to thia Cochran." Pitaoottie'a Groo., 

A IV. idiom ; STadreuer d, '*to roaoft nnto^ niak« 
towarda;** Ootgr. 

DRESSE, g. Show, exhibition. Perhaps, 
elevation of the mass ; from Fr. dresser^ to 
Kf t, hold, or take up. 

It ia aaid to the Papiata, with rsapeot to their doe- 
trine of the ootporisal preaence of Chriat in the maaa : 

Why are ya sa nnnatnrall. 
To take bun in Toor teeth i 
THpartita and oonidod bim. 

teeth and sU bim. 

At your dnm dreamt Spm, Oodly BaXL^ p. 4QL 
i.e. dumb ahew. Thia may be merely the E. word 
need obliqnely. laL ifreti^ however, ia rendered, 
aaparfaia^ G. Andr., pu 63. 

DRESSER, «. A kitchen Uble, S. 

Tent, ilressoor, F^. dresascr, a aide*board. 

DRESSY, adj. 1. Attached to fineiy in 
dress, S. 

•« « And dont tnmble to dreaa,' continned the con- 
aiderate annt, 'for we are not ¥017 cfres^ here."* 
liarriage, i. 33. 

"She waa a fine leddy— maybe a wee that dreaey.** 
Sir A. Wylie, L 269. 

2. Having the appearance of dress. 

"ManT hinta had been given— on the ▼irtnee of 
black Telvet gowna; they were wann and not too 
warm ; thej were cfretqf, and not too drtuy," Mnr^ 
liwe, i 20i, 

1 have not obeerved that thia aenae ia avthoriaed by 
common nse. 

DRESSIN, |>arf.|>a. Disposed, pnt in order. 

"'The divinonria— war commandit to hallow — tlk« 
place foieaaid, that all thingia micht be dressin aia 
mte falicitie to the pepiU.** iBeUenden'a T. liv., p. 

To DRETCH, v. n. To loiter, Dnmfr. V. 




[DBEUCH^priL Drew, dragged; Barbour.] 

DREniLLTNO,DRiUTixiNO,«. Unsoimd 
tieepy sliimbering. lUs word seems pro- 
pel to denote the j^ertnrbed workings or 
Tijgiiries of the imaguiatioii during unsound 


ilm i illb i y, or th« ttMoqnd sispi, 
lis ia tib B jehtit xwt. 

Yi CbU biiy and Ml pratt. 

8ibK dniTM it from Test rtvtkn, enare anima 
m thte n«Hi to te the prinaiyMiiae of <^W; which 
«*» ■gniilM to alaTor, aodalio to dote. JnniiiemeB- 
tiOBi ▲.-8. diFfi^tmd€t iheoneticiia, and Johnson E. 
«r||^ s* ^^ origiB. Ai dotifig^ or alnmbering often pro- 
Moae a eartain degree of aalivation ; whet Johnaon 
£v«a M the aeooodary, aeema to be the primaiy sense. 
Thm oiiflB moat probably ia Id. dn/a, imbeciUiter 
wt^ T^vti moribmidi et aamisopiti ; O. Andr., p. 51. 
Hanea laL draeM, mswao atoltoa et mctanie Terba, 
y«aL| apinae, loolerieib HaUonon. Vereliua men- 
iioM alao 4irv|^M20ilfer, aennooe et aetumibna delinis. 
AiMI. dh[0K •ano inaptiia et infidoa. It ia trans- 
tend to meanneaa of oondoot. 

>REnBIEy $. Dowij, mairiage settlement. 

^''Seho oaB boI find in honor ane reaaone to pn>- 
mn aaa stay of the OQene of Seottia rsTenena growing 
m nnooa^ ypon her drenrie, bat that the aame mey be 

kafaliierae&t and dispoaed by hir to nenteane hir awin 
part.'* Baonatyna'a Journal, pb 234. 
Itaaamaoomipted from Fr. dowtirt^ id., or perhaps 

eems to sonify a driveller. 

dysoors, dvoors, tfrverit.— 
Aminr, liammd Poems, pc 109. 

I aeareely think that it ia aUied to Tbat. drtvO, 

DBEW, «• 1. A species of searweed, Ork- 

"'The wttTOw tluMw-ehMed aea-weed, facna lorcna 
(Mto eaued drew), ia abundant on aome rocky shona. 
MatTtaqiioyiBWeetra.'* NeiU'a Tour, p. 29. 

9. Sea laces, Fncus filnm, S» 

P w n mfn a ted perhapa from IsL dHi 
loQi^ proltz ; aa ihia ^ant grows thirt 
kqg m one aaaaoB. The nSical idea i 

DREW, «. A drop. 

Sa the grelt pieb sm oppiest 
rater I 

fc of Ming 

ntieht not taata a drew, 

FmUeeqfMimtmr, IL 41. 
Vol mehri taum, aa uaAi aeem at first view. For 

I^Mftmr nam it in the middle of the line^ Pink., S. P. 
R.tiL 0. 

DHIB, Dribble, «. 1. A drop, a vezy small 
quantify of any liquid, S. 

That mntchin stoop it holds but driU, 
Then let's get in the trapit hen. 

ifaaiM/« PtesM, iL 20S. 
I sttpt my page, and stovr^d to Leith 
To try my credit at the wine ; 
[neVlarfriUlt IVld my teeth, 
a eateh'd me at the Coflee-sign. 

Bf iwiM si fi i f i>l0e., WaUtm'e ColL, 1 11 


2. Applied to drizzling rain, S. 

Now, thoa's tom'd out, lor a' thy troabls. 

But hoose or held. 
To thole the winter'a sleetj iiri66fs.—' 

ill. 147. 

8. «* Slaver,*' Gl. Bums, Ayrs; 

4. Metaph. applied to a small portion of in- 
tellectual nourishment. 

And this is now to be yoor poniihmc .. 
For doming preschers aU the country round 
Tnm ditch to ditch to catch a drib of gospeL 

Bdg. druppd, a drop. 

To Dbibble, v. n. 1. To tipple, S. B. 

" To drMU, aignifiea to tipple ;" OL Shirrefs. 

[2. To flow slowly and scantily, Clydes.] 
DRICHTINE,*. The Lord. 

Thon sayis thon srt ane Saradne ; 
Now thankit be DridUine, 
That ane of ts sail neuer bine 

Yndeid in this placeL 

Jtat{rOoayear,D. y. a. V. DBZOHTOr. 

To Dbidder, v. a. To fear. Y. Dbedour. 

To DRIDDLE, Dridle, v. n. 1. To spill 
anything, although not liquid, to let tall 
from carelessness. Loth. 

2. To be under the influence of a dysenteiy. 

JDntfbNMl like a fool beast 

MotUgamerie, Watem'e CoO., ill X 

Li the latter aense^ it aeema allied to Teut. drentei, 
ptUnla sterooraria. 

3. To urinate in small quantities, Fife. 


To DRIDDLE, v. n. 1. To move slowly, 
S. B., same as druUle^ q. v. 

2. To be constantly in action, but making 
little progress. Border. 

DRIDDLES, s. pi. The buttocks, Fife. 

2. This term is supposed properly to denote 
the intestines of an animal slaughtered for 
food, ibid. 

DRIDDLINS, a.pL Meal formed into knots 
by water, the kuutted meal left after bak- 
ing, S. 
Germ, trodei, ireUUI, acnit% ▼eteramenta. 

DRIESHACH, s. A term applied to the 
dross of turf, of which a firo is made, when 
it glows upon being stirred, S. B. 

Perhaps oorr. from OaeL griaeo/eh, hot, baming 
embers ; grioeukham, tostir the fire ; Jr. id. to kindle. 
V. Qbhshocb. 

[DRIF, V. a. To drive, to continue, to press. 
y. Skeat's Oloss., Barbour.] 




DRDTLE^r. A drizzling rain, Ettr. For. 
To Driftlb on, v. lu To drizzle, ibid. 

Id. drqc^ ipaifara; 4lr^»ipflnio; ^. a ipriiikliiig 
of imia. 

DBIFLING, DsDTLiNO, «• A small rain. 

**8oiM j»akmiiet did yet remain, m drifimi ^itm tk 
ipmit ■hoiriBr.'' Boilliti Lett, i. 184. In GL it ia 

w ritt e n dr^UnOt 

Swan, dmwm S. dSrU^ from U. drekUl, gnttnU. 
Tliis ecemi imtiker allied to tfref^-o, epamre, toapread ; 
wiianoe dnifiL nix tdneM^ E. drifL V. O. Andr., p. 

DBIFT, «. Drove ; as a drove of cattle, 
AyiB. draoet S. Y. Dbave. 

—MXIiay luuia bene k daylia ar oontmTenit, and 
eMflit the tranaportang of tne eaidia nolta and aeheip 
ia Rngiand in ante nowmeria and drifUit** Ac Acta 
Ja. VI, IS97, Ed. 18K p. 427. 

**Tlia aeoondTof Jnlii, or tliare abont, waa Patrick 
Hbme^ oaptana to the legentia honmen alane, in rea- 
eairing a drift of eattell which Phernihent had brocht 
off apeioe Und of hia^ which he had gottin be foirfaltrie 
of Jamie Hamiltone^ that alew the regent.*' Banna- 
^me'a Jonnial, p. S44. 

Sw^ibe-d^ a drove of catlla ; Dan. dr^t qfqwug, 
id. TmLt, wifU^ annentnm, ffrez annentorum; Kil- 
iaa. I need aearoely add, that the term, in theae va- 
liou dialeota^ still soggesta the aame idea of driving. 

To DBIFT» V. fi. To delay, to put off. 

'*I aee heie^ that the Load, enpnoee bee drifted and 
delayed the eflEeot of hia prayer, ft grannteth not hia 
deairaatthefirsVyithehearethhim.^* Braoe'aEleTen 
tern. v. 7, a. v. the «. 

As V. a. it alao aignifiea^ to pat oft 

*'What leat ahaU hia wearied aoole get all thia 
nUki» a then delay and drift lum vntill morrow !" 
ZTB^'a Last Battell, p. 237. 

The phraae to Drift Ume alao oconra. 

*'Qne Thomaone^ another creditor,— wonld have 
pvoponed, that the oontraot craved to be regiatrate 
waa aatiafied ; io drift ^^"^ that he might be prior in 
diUfnoeu'' Foord, SnppL Dec. p. 405. 

laia ia analogooa to one nae of the B. v. drive^ men- 
tiooed by Skinner, to drkn timet differre, moraa nectere. 
8a.-0. /ber driftia tiden, tempua fallere ; Due. Sw. 
driflg^haariUden, to pam the tune ; Wideg. 

DnxFTf #• Delay, procrastination. 

"—Tumble nppon tronble ia the matter and exercise 
of na t ience, lane drift ■'^ delay of thinfes hoped for 
is the ezerdae of tme patience. " Brace*a Eleven Serm. 
V. 5. a. 

— *' Hir Hieiiea gaif anfficient 8i|puficatioan that echo 
iatendit na drift ^ ^yn^, hot amcerlie to proceid be 
the ofdoor aoonatumat amangia prinoea in aemblable 
eaiBBia.'' Q. Manr'a Anaw. to Mr.Thomworth; Ketth*B 
Hiat, App. p. 102. 

DBEn?, $. ^ Falling, or flying snow,— 
especially including the idea of its being 
forcibly driven by me wind, S. 

Ihad omitted thia word, viewing it aa E. But it 
wonld apj^earthat the aenaeof the term, aa need in E., 
is determined by ita combination, and that it beara 
this signification only in the form of SMwiirifL Even 
of tiua nae neither Dr. Johna. nor Mr. Todd haa given 
a aingle example. Thomaon, from whom Mr. Todd 
has quoted Ctamamtf would have fumished him alao 
with Drift as eaed ain^y in S. 

-Down he aiaka 

Banaath the ahelter of the shapeleaa drift. 
Thinking o'er all the bittemeas of death. 

Wimier, I 28S. 

He seems to nae the term aa applied to the anew in 
its wraathed state. 

Drift oat owie the hOlocka blew. 

Arroi'a Poewu, p. SSL 

Thia word ia evidently formed from drifid, the part, 
pa. of A.-S. drif'-amt todrive. In laL thenoun aaaomea 
the form of dnf^a; Sn.-0. driftp-a. 

To Drift, v. impera, IC9 dri/Hn\ the snow 
in its fall is driven by the wind, S. 

Driftt, adj^ Abounding with snow-dn/t. 
A drifty day, a gusty snowy day, Aberd. 

DRIOHTIN, •• Lord ; a designation given 
to our Saviour. 

Qahara Criate caeUa the ooors, it rynnya (|iientlv. — 
The date na langar may endue, na drtghlM devinis. 

G^ueon and QoL, iv. IS. 

ie. "than the Lord determinea." Sir Oawan ia 
made to nae the aame term in an oath, ibid., at. 9. 

A.-S. dridUoi, Alem. droktU, druhiim, laL Sa.-a. 
dr^Um. By the Qotha the term aeema to have been 
firat naedto denote their &lae deitiea, and afterwarde 
to characterize the true Qod, aa well aa to diatingnish 
peraona of rank or autiioritrv. Some derive it from 
drui, dear; othera, from orol-jia, to role, which, 
aoooraing to Waehter, ia from droC, popnlna, becanae 
to rule ia merely to be over the people. Analogona to 
thia, A.-S. driht denotea a famuy, the vulgar ; driAl- 
yUe, a train, a auite. 

It tM certainly in the aame aenae that drighJt ia uaed 
in P. Ploughman, although overlooked both by Skinner 
and Jnniua. 

Tliera ia cbaritie the chiefe chamberar for God hym 

Wher patient porti, quod HanUn, be mor pleasant 

Than ryehea rightftilly wonne, k reaonably disMnded. 

DRDIUCK, 9. The same with Dramoek. 

" The mode of fiahing ia curious. They make what 
the^ call a Drinmekt reaembling thin wrought mortar, 
which they throw into the pool, to diaturb the cleameae 
of the water. The fishera atand upon the point of the 
rock, with long polea, and neta upon the end of them, 
with which they rake the pool, and take up the fiah." 
P. Bnttray, Pertha. SUtiat. Aoo., iv. 150. 

Drumnuiek^ A. Bor. ia synon. vrith Drammotk^ 
aenae 1. 

To DRING, V. a. To drag, to obtain any 
thing with difficulty, S. B. 

Hia bora, hit meir, he mone len to the lainl. 
To dring and draw, in court and cariege. 

Henrjftfme, Bannaigiu Poems, p. 120, at. 20. 

Belg. dring'ti^ Qerm. dren^-en, to urge, to preee. 
IbL tkraeng-a, tKreimq-ki, A.-S. tkrintf-iam, Su.-G. 
traeng-a, Moea-G. (AmM-aii, id. A in thia language being 
often uaed for g. 

To DRINGy V. n. To be slow, to lose time, 

to protract; also to dring on^ id. whence 

dringin^ slow, given to protraction, S. B. 

Thia, if not an oblique aenae of the preceding v., an 
dragging anppoeca reluctance, and therefore tardineaa, 
may be a frequentative from Drgch, which aeemn 
anciently to have been uaed aa a e. V. Drgehgn: or 
from 8U.-0. droegck, laL trtg<L V. Daucff. 




Dmoi ocff . Slowy diktorjr, S. B. 

n W9d W oonatiT-ladi diall bo 1w dring 
hk tttUaf W| ua nAUag ui to rot 
ntl ofw w% wtir OMM or Batnra know. 

lb DRINO» Drikoe» V. n. L To make a noiae 
audi aa that of a kettle before it boils. 

JriMO OQ ingUi door, 
OrdMhtoiUjuo lufum. 

WBKf Wivd 70 DPM too lOliry 

ikad 9^l!f VMOBt niButM pon. 

Bamm)f9 ^omu, fi. 198. 

li ikSm a poeaKar ap^UoatioD of tho preoediiig v., 
ol too iloir BiotiOB of WAter in this fUtoT It 
haTO loiiio Affinity to Id. ifrya-*a^ 
at grandiMnna. Sing ia 

9. As a 9. o. To sing tn a alow and melan- 
AtAj maimer^ Aberd. 

n«0 BOtdf BA bo M gTMt A ftvlM 

Wl' dhMy don Itf^AA Iati ;~ 
nojVt oowf and dowit at tho bait^ 
Tbwr miftgrot and a' tha lart, Ac 

lWfiAjirMW» aKwwir^a JftM. Pbif. , pi IML 

Dioras^ ^The noiae of a kettle before it 
UbjT OL Bamaaj. 

DBINO, at. 1. One in a servile state ; per- 
h^ «im«»Te9f eqad contempt with the 
dengnation aim. 


Aao BoMn kalp ifltpeiiell, 

MUlk li not ofdanlt for d\ 

Sot tor Daikii, Anpriooria, and Kiogb ; 

lor priaotfar, and impsriall ftiUi. 

Bakna II ia aaod In a aimilAr aenao hr PoIwaiC 
Diod My, diy'd itiag, thoa wiU hiog, bat A imijio. 

Waimm'§ OolL, iiL 82. 

S. A nuser, a niggardlj person. 

Wiv thAir ana Idns to raz and ring 
gndoAUowia croond. 

Wrmkig wald wring, and mak mimyBg, 

lor dnlo thaj nud bt droond: 
Qiha fladi ana dring, owdir anld or ylog, 
Qtr hof him ont and hound. 
** Bammtttjfn§ PotmSf pi 188, at 8L 

ITfadL La. wratofa, la aridontly naod aa arnon. with 
dtJH g, whiok la alao oontFMtod with tho chAracter of 
andla^lrfEMpli^ or thoao who apend thoir money freely. 
ll wt^jbM aaom to bo deriyoa from Belg. dring^eR, to 
praaa. V. Drimg^ ▼. 1. Bat ito primorv aenio refers 
la to^6«.-0. drmQt a aenrant Tnis indeed primArily 
~^"* Tir lortis; and, eren in its seconoAiy And 
lonas^ Implieo no idea of meanness; exoept 

tbo Tiowea aa attached to a atate of aenritaae. 
I obsanred, that drtnek occars in Doomsdny- 
baa^ aa donating those who are sabject to a fendal 
*~~^ " a oartAm oIass of TaasAls ; L. B. dreng^tu, 
Hio term might thence oomo to signify Any 
■ra. [UL drtnguTf a yoong man, a YaliAnt 

To DsoroLEy V. n. dilatory^ S.; a 
diinin. from Drinfm 

To DRINK BEFORE one, to anticipate what 
one waa jnst about to say, S. 

••Yoa win drmk htfart me,** S. IVor. •• Ton haTo 
Joal aaid what I waa going to say, which ia a token 
ttal joaH gal tiie first driA." KoUy, p. 388. 

DRINK-SILUER, Drink-silver, a. 1. 
Anciently one of the perquisitea of oflSce in 

^"Tho Taatall shall pay to tho dirBctoor of the 
ohAnoellArio for porehmen^ wryting, anbecriptioane, 
drink$U9er, wax, And aU other ezpenssis, the sowme 
of foortieshiUingiAUAnerlie.'' Acto ChA. L, Ed. 1814, 
VoL V. 289. 

2. A Tail giren to servants. 

* *' And At nn driniaUuer be tAne be the mAister [ship- 
mAster] nor his dooris vnder psin nbone writtin." 
FarL Ja. IIL, A. 1467, Acts Ed. 1814, p. 87. 


'DrJAibtfasTtothobeinnAn." Abecd. Beg., A. 1643^ 
V. 18. 

3. In a metaph. and religions sense, a gift. 

"A drink of Christ's lore, which is better thsn wine, 
la tho drhk^ver which snfiering foT his Msjesty 
Jaavea behind it." Batheifoid's Lett, P. II., op. 28. 

DrMsriiltr m atill tiie Tolgar designAtion, and pro- 
i m nt f iat i ftni 8* 

To DRIPPLE, Dreeple, v. n. The same 
with E. dribbU^ Aberd. 

To DRTTE, Drtte, v. «. To evacuate the 
faeces ; pret. drati^ dret, S. 

••The Erie of MorAy Asked tho Kyng where his 
menyoa Sir Jsmes waa, that he cAm not with hym : 
tho Kyig SAid ho had fiiwttid aore to him, and ahuld 
BorariiATO hys faror agajme : Na, aayd the Erie, by 
——ha cannot fawt to yon, thought he ahold drjfte in 
yoora hands." Penman'a Intercepted Letters to Sir 
Qeoiga Dooj^ Pinkerton's Hist Soot, ii. 490. 

T he fknner, era 
The cock had onVd day, or the docks had draU 
Upo' the hallan-stsne* ca s tna his cot 
The drowsy callaa. Davidson's SeoMmt, pL 7. 

" Ton diaam'd that yon dni under yoo. And when 
yon rose it waa tme," S. Ptot. ; "an answer to them 
that say, Gneas what I drsam'd.*' KeUy, p. 875. 

It oocoia alao ia a oompoand f onn. 

Into the Katharine then made a -fool Kahote, 
For thoa bsdmU her down tna stem to tteir. 

Jtaeryrem, ii. 7L 

It ia Bometimea written aa if the form of the v. were 
to DirL "Yon hare dirten ia yoor neat," S. Piot. 
Kelly, p. 967. 

**J>iTfte, to evacnate the faecea. Johnaon deriTea 
tho En^. <f trC, from the Dutch dryt ;" OL Lyndsay. 

This IS eridentlv a word of greot Antiquity ; as being 
the SAme with IsL cf ryl-o, mrere, cacato. O. Andr. 
obsenres thst the v. end its aeriTAtiTe cfril, oxcremen- 
turn, properiy refer to birds. Verel. ezpL the v. simply 
in tho tenns used Above in defining ours. A. -S. pe-iml- 
an, cAOATo; I^. Fris. Sicsmb. Fknd. dryi^\ id. 
[Isl. cfrita, CACAre ; driiur, a. excrementsj 

This Appeera to be the tme oriffin of £. And S. dirt, 
Dirim And driitin are both used 9. as the psrt. pA., 
precisely in the seme sense. The Utter exactly cor- 
raeponda with laL driUHHf aordiboa inquinatua; Ol. 
EdJcL Saemundi. 

In thia OL there ia a curiona distinction mentioned 
m regard to this term. Driiinn, it is said, is a drit^r^ 
storcns, sordes Tentris, quae tox honestA est in ser- 
aaona Ishmdico prae altero §kUr; nam haeo etai idem 
notat, obscoena tamen in uau censetur. This is one 
prooi, among many, of the unaccountable capricious- 
nees manifeated, in almoat eyeiy language, in regard 
to Uie uae of terma which ia themaelToa are perfectly 




To Dbitheb, v. n. 1. To fear» to dread, 
Ajm. y. Dbedoub. 

2. To hesitate, ibid. 

Dritheb. Fear, dread. Y. Dbedoub. 

•To DRIVE, 9. a. To delay ; or, to prolong. 

** II ii Mid in the taoond oommMid, that tKe Lwrd 
ftUUtB ike Arid ^fourth generaiiom rf Mem thai haie 
khn. What it the groand of this? becaaae the iniouttie 
of the fathen it driven to the children to the thrid and 
limrth generation. Therefore the rengeance of God 
l^taonalL" BoUoek on 1 Thee., p. 94. 

if IB the first sense, tynon. with Uriit. 

To DRIZZEN, V. n. 1. To low as a cow or 
ox, Ang. The term seems rather to denote 
a low and moomf ul soand, as synon. with 

2. Applied to a lazy person groaning over his 
wore, S. O. 

Tent, drmsfmek-mt itrepere, stridere^ msorrare; 
Kiliaii. Genn. dretuck'^ii, sonars^ IsL tkrutk-a. 

To DRIZZLE, v.n. "To walk slow ;" Gl. 

IsL drod^ to roam, to follow ijrinctantly ; adhaerere, 
oooseetari hiiesitanter; drad-ati^ desoltorie feror et 
•ooeosatim ; Q. Andr., p. 52; 64. 

DRIZZLE, «• *^ A little water in a rivulet 
scarce appearing to run;'' Gl. Shirrefs. 

IsL dreUitt signifies, Gntta hnmoris. But perhaps 
il is merriy an improper nee of E. <Mzde, which as 
a V. Mr. Todd trMes to Germ. drUel-tn, to shed dew. 
This word, howerer,'! cannot find anjrwhere else. I 
suspect that there most he a mistake in the substitntion 
of this for Tent. rM-eii, lorare, referred to by Skinner, 
. or rather Germ, rkal-n, sattatim cadere, a diminutive 
from Alem. rie-aii lafai, deciders^ defiuere. 

DRIZZLING, «. Slaver; Gl. Shirr. 

This is merriy the E. word driaaUng need metaph. 

To DROB, V. a. To prick, as with a needle 
or other sharp instrument, Ang. syn. brog^ 

I eaii haidly think that this is from ftrod , hy trsns- 

'tioiL It may be allied to' Su.-G.c/ra66-a, to strike; 

drtp^ id. also to pierce, perforare ; G. Andr., p. 

Dbob, $. A thorn, a prickle, Perths. 

DROCHUN, Dboghling, adj. 1. Puny, 
of small stature, including the ideas of 
feebleness and staggering. Aberd. 

Tho' Bob wss itont, his cousin dang 
Him down wi* a sryts shodder ; 

Qjne a* the droMin nempy thrtng 
^ "der. 

Get o'er him wi' a Aid 


2. Lazy, indolent^ Clydes. 

8. Dro^hUna and CoghUng^ ^wheezing and 
blowmg ; GL Antiquary. 


'That gmy anld stonr oari% the Baron o^ Bmdi 
dine^— he^ coming down the doee wi* the drophlUtg^ 
es^l ft y baiUie body they ca' Macwhipple, trmdlinc 
ahmt mm, like a turnspit after a French cook." Wa- 
vsriey, ii S90. 

As denoting Isriness, it might be Tiewed a« allied 
to IsL drtug'ia, mors, tardits% draegUdBgrt tardns* 
cQBctalmndns, [draglak, to loiter.] 

DROD, «. A rude candlestick used in 
visiting the oiBces of a farm-house under 
night, Ayrs. 

Fnhaps from GaeL drudf an enclosure, cf nufasi, to 
shnt, the light being eonfined to preyent oombastion. 

DROD, «. A short, thick, clubbish oerson ; 
as, ^ He is a drod of a bodie,'' Clyoes. 

IsL <{rett-r, piger pedisseqans. V. Dbovd. 

DRODDUM, «• ExpL ** the breech f A. 
Bor. id. 

O for some rank, meremisl rent— 
I'd gie jroa sic a hearty don o*t, 
wad dress your droddiam, 

lb a XeiMs, Aarnf , UL 820L 

To DRODGE, v. n. To do servile work, to 
drudggf Lanarks. 

DRODLICH, (gutt.) «. A useless mass, Fife. 

The elf gse a skriech,— — 
Whan a* the hale kimsn 
Tm dndtiek was driven. MSL Poem, 

GaeL iroihlalgthe, wasted, oonsnmed. 

DRODS, 9. pL What is otherwise called the 
pet, Clydes. 

GaeL fnmd, scolding, strife ; frviil, qoaneUing ; C. B. 
cf mcf , raging. 

DROG, s. A buoy sometimes attached to 
the end of a harpoon line, when the whale 
runs it out, S., perhaps from drag. 

DROGAREIS, p{. Drugs. 

"The nnyementis k drogareii that our foibearis 
Tait mycht not cure the new maledyis.** Bellend. 
Cron., FoL 17. b. 

Fr. drogHtriet, id. 

DROGGIS, s. pi. Confections. 

"^Tkat na manor of personis his sabiectis, being 
▼nder the degre of prelatis, erlis, &c, sail presume to 
bane at thair Dcydellis, or vthir banquettis, or at thair 
tabillis in dalie cheir, onie droggU or confectouris, 
brocht from the pairtis beyond sey.*^ Acts Ja. VI., 1581* 
Ed. 1814, p. 221. V. CoxFBcrouRis. 

It is evident that droggie doee not here admit the 
sense of E. druge^ as denoting medicines, but is used 
like Fr. drogueriee^ confections. 

DBOOS, Drugs; the vulgar pronuncia^ 
tion, S. 

"If outher gude fare or ifro^e will do it, FU hae 
them playing at the penny-stane wi' Davie Tait, — in 
lem than twa weeks.** Brownie of Bodsbeck, iL 70* 

— A* the doctors' droge^ or skill. 
Nee esse, stake I ooa'd len' him. 

A. ir«2tcM'« />oeiM, 17M, PL 90L 

Our tenn retains the form of the Fr. word drogue^ 
dru|^ and from its sound, should indeed be thus 




«. A 'druggist. 

^ r, or droffttfeTf at Glasgow, 

-, -wiMn 1m wpM lying in that tolbMith, 

— ■■ WW OBt SiBt into thmr company as a priaoner, — 
a ihaip-Uka Man* wlio iuTvighad against maebtracy 
' tmd tha ptwit ii^;iatratta/^to, Law'a Memorialla, 

0BOOUXBT, #• Medicines, drugs, Ayrs. 

**NaBa eP 1lha dfomerw nor tho rogneiy o' docton 
foTM.* firA.Wylia,m.289. V. DsooABua. 

DBOICH, Dboch, •• A dwarf, a pigmy, 
droekf 8. K Clydes. ; dretch. Border. 

Hanea ona ol tha Foema in tha Bann. Collection ii 
wtitlad. **ABalittla Intarlnd, of tha />roieAi« part of 

aad DiMry ara naed hy Thomaa of Ercildona. 

wnat y labdM har ginna» 
ht «i inlha tm 
Ar Dfidrtm, p. US. V. DunoH. 

San. dwaerf, IiL 8w. dwerg^ Balg. 

nam, id. fiklnnar mentiona durg<n 

word of the aama meaning. This is more 

■iaijj aOiad to tha terms alreadv mentioned than 

dmmf. There ia another JmL word which our droich 

Mr dro€k atOl more eloaely reaemhlea. Thia is cfraa^, 

pL dnm a m. It diflers somewhat in signification ; be* 
nc vMsred, lessafea ant defonctorom genii; OL Lex. 
OL LsBdnamahok. 
baw fli vea dnkk aa a GaeL word signifying dwarf; 
wiiiM tnidL Bnt I stronglv snspect twit it has 
ho rw wa d from tha Lowlanders ; as none of the 
I meatkmed hy Lhnyd have any aimiliarity. 
Jmunm aaya tiiat ha cannot discorer the origin of 
tta Korthora deai|;nations for a dwarl Bat A.-S. 
d wm rk maj be aUiad to Moes-O. droMhs-na, a cnimb^ 
a framn— t; aad IsL dro^ denotea any object reiy 
■dBats^ miantiaBimnm qnid et fagitivum ; €L Andr. 
Pb 6Sb Ha adda^ item, foemella nand. It seems 
ooabtfd^ whether ha meana a Tory pony female, or 
oaa ol ao Tslaa in a moral respect. 

Ia tha NoKtham dialecta, cnemr doea not merely sig- 
ail|r a dwar( hot alao a/ilrv. The ancient Northern 
aanona, it ia aaid» proatrsted themselrea before rocks, 
haUaving thai tfiay were inhabited by thesepiffmies, 

aad thai thej thanoe gare forth oraclea. V^ ReysL 
4Btiq. SepteBl. pc 21. 22. Hence they called the 
aeho dwu^fomai , ^B baueringit to ba their Toice or 
ifssoh, firam 8a.-0. mal4tf loqni. They were ac- 
SQ aat e d efToen a at aitiiloera* eapeeially aa smiths ; from 
etrBOBiBtaBoa soma aappose that they hare re- 
thair aaoM. V. GL Edd. Saem. Other IsL 
\ aaaart that their ancestors did not worship the 
l|<gnrii% aa thej did tha ffenU or apirita, also supposed 
to rsaida ia tha rocka. 
laL rfy ryt a , amlier pygmaea, wma, ia eridentlyallied. 
(JUL dramgMTt f^ioat, spectre, is certainly the same 
word aa dr^kk^ atthoa^ it haa another meaning ; and 
"* ia a diflarent word, although it haa the same 


Dboicht, adj. Dwarfish, S. 

** There waaZaoeheoa, a man of alow statnre, that 
ii^ a fitHe rfrvfcAf body."— Preabw Ebq., p. 129. 



''WiA tela lookea,— hee ahaU behold these deoirs 
dnOm, doolcfall creatnrea." Z. Boyd*a Last Battoll, 
p. €77, 878. 

Thia aadent word may aignify a bondslave ; IsL 
ArMf, manoipi«M; O. Andr. p. 65. But perhape it is 
rather allied^to Tent. droi. tmUns, dioUns. Vnlgo 

diottary daaaioaam genva, qnod in omni labonun 
aniera aa Tidetnr exercere, com tamen nihil agat, 
iLilian ; q. a lubber fiend. Dan. droi^ a demon ; So. -O. 
iroU, a apaetre, troU^ to nae enchantmenta ; Hue, in 
▼o. IbL MfUt gigantoum genua ; Q. Andr. daemon, 
monatrum; Veru. 

1. Amusing, exciting mirth, S. 
**I>roa, amaUf/kamjf." GL Surr. Ayrs., p. 600. 

2. Singolar, not easily to be accounted for, S» 
DRONACE[, #• Penalty, punishment. 

^Tse gar ye dree the drtmach o*i ;*' I will make vo 
do penanoe for it ; or abide the oonaeqnencea, provero. 
phnae, S. B. driiker, synon. V. DRKDora. 

DroiMMeh mig^t seem allied to Ir. and GaeL dreann, 

Srief^ aorrour, ^ain. Bnt it more nearly reaemUee Isl. 
nmgi, moleatia, onus. 

DRONE, $. The backside, the breech, AbenL 
Upp. Clydes. 

But little shot she came— 

Showdiiiff fkae side to tide, an' lewdring on, 

Wl' Lindy't coat syde banging fkae her drvne, 

Bm/Ts MeUmort, First Edit, p. 65w 

(SaeL drmman, the back, dronnagt higheet part of 
the back, aummit ; Shaw. 

Dbone-brat, «• In former times females 
generally wore two aprons, one before, the 
other behind hanging down the back. The 
latter was called the drane-brai^ UpP* 

[DRONKEN, pari, pt Drunk. 

»— The and erU had net dowtyne. 
That of tnair men sola dronJbm be. 

Barbour, zIt. 281. Skeat'a EiL] 

To DROOL, V. n. 1. To trill, Roxb. 

Ana ca's a tUaff like elsin box. 
That droolt uke com pipea 
Fu' queer that day. 

A. Seott* Pomi, p. 67. 

2. To cry in a low and monmf al tone, ibid» 

8u.-Q. driiUa, to warble^ to quarer, to trill ; Germ. 
iriU-oi, 8u.-Q. trall-<^ canere, cantillare. Thia ia pro- 
bably the orifdn of tivU'-a^ incantare, aa aorcerera pre- 
tended to enchant by their rhymea or aonga. 

DROOPrr, part. adj. Weakly, infirm, Ettr. 
For.; the same certainly with E. drooping^ 
as referring to the state of bodily health. 

DROOP-RUMPLT, adj. Drooping at the 
cmpper ; applied to horses, S. 

The ima', droop-rumpTt, hunter cattle 
' lOaht aiblina waur^t thee for a brattle ; 
mOL laK Scotch mflee thou tiyt their mettle, 
Aad gart them whaizle. 

Burnt, IiL 148. 

DROPPY, Dboppino, adi. Terms used in 
relation to occasional and seasonable 
showers. When these fall, it is commonly 
said, ** It's drappy weather,^ S. 

Henoe the rhythmic adage of the north :— 
A misty May, aad a dropping June, 
Briun the boimy land of Moray aboon. 

iSIUnv'a m^L Moray, p. 151. 




*DBOSST, adj. Having that ffrossness of 
habit which indicates an unwholesome tem- 
penunent, or bad ocuistitution, Ang. 

f^raaiA.-8.4rM^fMK,o.*fiiIlof dregtor leet. The 
AmStaoooM formed en adj. from this nooiit which oor 
tern aeerijr rmemblni in lignifioetioik ; dnnenUct Cim- 
fOk, **fnii^ brittK weskT Somner. 

To DROTCH, V. n. To dangle, to be in a 
pendulous state, Upp. Clydes. 

leL draU^ rtJUeie ; pedimannmn eeie ; <fn>tf-r, piger 
pedimeqniu. It ie prooebly allied to DnUch^ q. v. 

DROTCHEL, $. « An idle wench ; a slug- 

KnL In Scotland it is still nsed,^ Johns. 
cL y. Dratch, Dbetch, v. n. to linger. 

DBOTES, 9. ]^ 1. A term given to tqfpiah 
yeomen or eoeklairdif Ayrs. 

Tins is eYidmitfj need in s deriaire aenae. Bnt it ia 
aadonfatedly tiie aame with tiie teim originally applied 
to nobkoi q. ▼• 

9. Nobles, or persons of quality, belon^ng to 
a court. 

Wtth ikhe dayntaa en dm thi iinote are dight ; 
ikad I in ilangii^ and doel, in doogon I dwalle. 

Sir Oawan atui air OoL^ L IS. 

8a.-0. d^iofi; a lord; laL droUm, A.-a drOUem, am 
evidently from the aame aooroe. V. Driobtiv. 
AMOcding to Snotro Stnrleion, draii waa the tenn 
' to denote one who aenred in the royal hnU. 

DROUBLY, Dbubue, adj. 1. Dark, 
~ gloomy, troubled* 

Into thir dark and dbmUit dajla. 

Oahan oabill all tht hevin amyii,— 
Hetne all anaga nu denyia 

I of plajiiL 



and of 

f. Muddy; applied to water. 

Brae eoma he till a wonder giiaely flnde, 
IhomUif and depa that rathfydown can ryn. 

Mmnf90m^§ TmiiitqfOrpkemiKiHg, Sdin. 1608. 

Tent, dro^t tnrindaa, tnrbolentaa. A.-S. drgfan^ 
V. afaoa. Dam lt. 

DROUD, «. 1. A cod-fish, Ayrs. 

** The ilah are nwfnl ; hall-e-giiinea for n ood*a head, 
and no bigger than the dromds the cad^ra hrins from 
ilvryatnaEilUeganddAfateen-penoeapiece.** Buickw. 
Magit Jane 1880^ pc 96wi 

9. Metaphorically, a lazy lumpish fellow, Ayrs. 

** Hia mother, who waa— n widow woman, did not 
weQ know what to do with him, and folk pitied her 
ha^hmadhlfdmtkmdrmd.- Annnb of the Pariah, 

8. Also applied to wcnrthless females, Ayrs. 

4. It is also expl. as denoting ^a kind of 
kerring4udk!^ i.e., a wattled sort of box for 
catching herrings, Ayrs. 

The GaeL teima for a ood-fiah are troag^ and hodaek 
wmadk; Shaw. If we eonld sappoee the aecond aenae 
the primary one, the term micbt be traced to lal. 
d!roM-r, ptger pedieeeavna. O. Fr. drud, drutii, groa, 
lort^ robnate. C. K cirdd; fortia, atrennna ; Boxhom. 

you iL 

DROUERY, Dboubt, «. 1. Illicit kve. 

Thai fimd fai tfll hia eoftr 

A lettyr that Urn aend a lady, 

That he loflyt per drtmery^ 

That aaid qohen ha had yemyt a yer 

In ver, aa a nd bachiller, 

The awentmu eaetell of Doo^aa, 

Tliat to kepa m pandna waa ; 

Than myoht ha weile aak a lady 

Hyr amowria, and hyr drowerv, 

B^Hur, riii. 491 4M, ICSL 

I eannot egrae with Mr. Macpheraon in thinkinc^ 
that (fmrry, Wynt. Ti. 2. 101, aicmfiea "truth in lore, 
or tme love.** It certainly haa the aame meaning aa in 
the peeaage quoted above. Warton erra atill more re- 
m a r ka b ly, in rendering thia " modeaty, decorum. ** In 
thia he aeema to hnTo followed Heame, who explninn 
it, "modeaty, aobriety," aa need by R. Olouc 

Wymmen ne kepte of no kyngt aa in druery^ 

Bote he were in annyi wel yprowed, k atte leate thm. 

Kfmgl ia for kmi^t^ ^^Hf^ thrioe. Here it may 
aimply mean lore. 

2. A lore-token* 

And Buflhr Tyriania, and aU liby land 
Be gif in dromnf to thy eon in hand. 

AMy. VitgO^ 1(& ai. 

Tbe phraae l^^iironry it alao need by Dong. 

3. A gift of any kind. 

T he Sidonee Dido 
Begonth to big ane prond tempQ of Juno, 
With drtmryit aare^ and giftia of richea. 

Dtmg, VirgO^ S7. 1. 

Drury ia uaed 0. E. in the aame general eenae, for 
■ny eort of gift, or perha p e aa aynon. with Ureamre. 

Whan all treatmirm are tried, quod ehe, truth if the beat ; 

I do it on Dem§ ^karUoM^ to dame the eothe. 

It ia aa dare worth a drnry, aa dare God him eelfa. 

P. PfpM^AauM, FoL 6^ bi 

4. DrowryxA used as synon. with Morun/n aift^ 
or as denoting the ^t conferred by a hus«* 
band on his wife on the morning after 

" Our aooerane lord rati^j*, ^preyit, k be the aa* 
toritie of parliament oonfirmit the donatioun k gift of 
our aouerane lady the gwenia drowry k morwyn-gif t 
eftir the form of the charteria.'* Acto Ja. IV., 1503, 
Kd. 1814^ D. 240. 

ICr. Pink, properly refers to 0. IV. druerie, la Tie 
loyenae ; from drue, a eoneubine. V. GL Rom. de 
la Roee. The origin ia probably Tent, dnti^ dntyt^ 
faithful ; Germ, rfraiff, id. alao, dear, cania, dileciua i 
oorreaponding to C. B. cfnuf, id. Germ, dramt, a. de« 
notee a friend ; Frano. drtU^ and drmtmna, amica i 
whenoe, acoording to Waohter, if ree and druarie, Ital . 
ifriM^ a lover, a pander ; amant. C*eet proprement 
la rufien d'une femme ; VeneronL 

To DROUE, V. a. To drench, to soak, S. 

Al dromkii and forwrocbt 
Thay aaiflt war, and waipit to the ooiet 

Doug, Kifpi7, 821 29. 

Our good old Z. Boyd naea the term with reapect to • 

" — ^Heare how the dromhed man aangat laat. Ttt 
kaM tkoH hnmght mp my ^e," 40. Laat Battoll, 902. 

Rudd. Tiewa it aa formed from douk, by the intor- 
poeition of r. Lye mentiona the A.-S. phraae, oia 
dnigumge, Pto. 77. 20. rendering it, aquoaua. Thin 
aeema radically the eame with Droke, <|. t. It may 
be added, that Ft, drug^tr^ ia to moiaten, to wet 
throughly. ^ 




Dbouk^Dboukik, #• A diencliiiig; Clydes. 
Dbouejt-ijkSv oA*. Ezhibitiiu; the appear- 
aooe of lumng been drendiea^S. 

' **I flM ^ a OMt MTOM tt» fold, aod MM wmy 
«• Mrt fMd alea^ and tlM7 Utli feU into tiM wftter ; 
iva Mir <lr«iigMa« bodtM tiMj WM wImb tiMv cam 
. oafts' PMtiooaXkKLm. 

DwuKmixsa, «. The state of being 
drenched, S« 

To DBOULEL e. n. Used as signifying to 
beUoiw; applied to the hart belung for the 
doe^ Ettr. For. V. Dbool, v. sense 2. 

Hmr ihAn tU dialn date tfftwit fiar tht dowe. 

• Ara»</ifaM,Lia 

^.^^F* if?V^ te Bop^ to droop.- Qneof thonamM 

forAMlm U. would mmb to bo oUiad, perfaapt m 

crimally mraoriTo of hia beUowiag. TtuMMdHon. 

(MMttmig, luiwovw^ agftiiiak thia 00^ 

▼• «nfol<M< i^gniflM obvonari, to oppose^ ao if tiie term 
tohia battiiiig. 


Qoldlk BMda tbe mQ to aaToor twvit, and amaS 
. SirdawatlutootbeBlditbafimdovnML 

iiw»t,s. '•'— ^^.«-*'-.'^** 

"bit MHibK tiiat my ilnNrfl oaii be doknad with 
^dnnlob that paaeedneoar oner my halae?" Bnioe'a 
■• €o the Sacr., B. 7, b. 
**Ha apeaka in hia drink, what he thought in hie 
dhMH/** & PkoT. •* What aobriety oonoeSa^ drank- 
MMM iwraalf ;" E. PkOT. KeUy, p. IM. 

Tbm« ia aaothar Fnw. ooonected with thia term, 
wUeli ooght not to go into obliTion ; aa it oontaina a 
food l amon againat aererity in Judging of the f aolta of 

*«niev«Deakof my drink thatnerer oooaider my 
mft dk r '^Th^oeoanremydoingaachathin^ who 
natfh a r <wn ai der my oooaaiooa ofdoing it, nor what 
piovoeationa I had to do it." KeUy, p. 312. 

Mr. Tooka properly mentiona A.-S; drugoih, (aiod- 
taa^ aiditaa.) aa the mmiediato origin : addim^ that 
te ia tta third pecB. amg. of the V. if r^ma, cf raa-oii, 
■ F ^g?% *• *T- J>nf^ "d drJiA were need for 
dran^rt^O. E. Divara. Porley, IL 413^ 414. 

Dboutett, adj. 1. Dronghty, applied to the 
weather* S« 

S* ThisstjTy S» 

—naa^ tUa nit^t he drink the aaa. 
The aonihell e'ea aa (irMi% bai 

P mnt ew O f s iWa, 1715» p. 191 

^ Ba t where the moea ia not ao aoft and wateriah, the 
baniag it In a droatibf and dry anmmer ia the beet 
"^ Sibbu Fll% p. 1B6. 

DsouTHELDB, adv. Thirstily, S. 

My kfaamer end I maoa tak the Bank, 
watwalphitatoii] ' 


1 twal pint atonp ia ear peat neoi ; 

&e the paalm be doneb themdilad] 
and drmiiktUe pray nqr Ummar and 


Dbouthiesum, adj. Addicted to diinbng, 

Dbouthie8UMLIe» adv. In the manner of 
— addicted to diinldng, ibid 

DnouTHnsauMNEss^ #. The state of beinir 
addicted to drinking* ibid. 

To DROVE cattle or sheep^ to drive them, 
Fife; apparently from the preterit^ or from 
the 9. of this form* 

DROVE, 9. The broadest iron used by a 
mason in hewing stones, S. 

To Dboye, v. a. To hew stones for building 
by means of a broad-pointed instmment, S. 

Tent dfifv-en aignifiea to engraTOy to emboee, eaeUre ; 
whenoe drn/'pwU, oaelum, oaelandi inatramentom. 
8a.-0. dri/w-a, De metaUia naorpatom, idem ralet ao 
MeUrB;Ihre. />iniAM<<i«'6a<e^ wm^emboeeed; Wideff. 
Belg. Mdnw^en werk, id. It ooeora in the aame aenae 
in A.-S. adrVene faiii, oaelata vaaa. The moat ancient 
form of the word ia Bloee.-0. dntb-an, tnndendo 
ezcavara ; Jan. Gl. Ulph. 

DROW, 9. 1. A fainting fit, a sort of 
ibnvnlsion ; abo^ a state of partial insensi- 
bility in dying persons, Ang. 

2. Any fit of sickness, especially one that is 
tedious and lingering; as, <^He*s taen an ill 
droWf Aberd. 

3. A qnalm. 

"There waa a drow of amdefy ovarwhelmed her 
about him. He tamed to her and aaid ; 'And yoo 
are thinking on greetinff Jock at the fireaide.' Thia 
waa a aon of heni called John, that ahe had left very 
weak of a decay at the fireaide." Walker'rPeden, pi 


E. throe^ bum A.-S. thraw^cm^ parti ; Id. tkract^ 
aegritnd<^ eg throe, aegre fero, moerena deaidero ; O. 
Andr., p. 287. Tent, cfroev, moerena, dolena. . 

DROW, 9. A severe gust, a sqnalL 

" Abont one afternoon oomea off the hilla of Lamer- 
moor edge a great miat with a tempeatooua ahowre 
and draw, which or we ooold oat oniaelTea takled did 
caat na about, fto. It pleaaed God merdfnlly to look 
upon na, ft within an hour and a half to dnre away 
the ahowre k calm the drow, eo that it feU down dead 
calm." MelTiUe'a MS., p. 115. 

laL dramfa, nnda maria, Edd. O. Andr. GaeL drog^ 
tta motion of the aea. 

DBOW, 9. 1. A cold mist approaching to 
rain, LotLy Boxb.; synon. I)agg. 

Thia tenn denotee aomething kea than what ia caOed 
a Ihi/le* In the higher parte of Loth, it ia common 
to apeak of a Sechdrcw, apparently equiTalent to Sea- 

" Saa near Sabbath at e'en, and out o' ane*a warm 
bed at thia time o' ni^ht, and a aort o' draw in the air 
beride e t h e re'a nae tuie lor oonaideiing." Bob Boy. 
ii 199. ^ 

2. A drizzling shower, Upp. Clydes. 

3. A drop, Wigtonshire. 

U. drog, minutiaaimum quid at fngitiTum, ut gut- 
tula humoria, Tappa, Ac. 

Dbowie, <MdJ. Moist, misty; as^ a drmoie day, 
Loth., Boxb. 

Thia ia undoubtedly a yery ancient Teutonic term, 
and probably tranamitted from thoee Belgaa who firat 




look poM—inn of oar OMton oom*. IWat. cf ro^, tur- 
Ud«o| dmjfyMdkr^ ooelnm teiMliroMiiii» nubilam, tor* 
Udam I Kifitii. Bdg. droevig loelr, lowriog weather. 
TIm auno tenn it Abo applied to the miad, trietie, 
moewMb 6«.4>. bedro^fiMM, from the obeolete t. 
dro^fi9^ 66km effioere ; proprie. enimum pertnrbere; 
Moew. dreib-ittnt tnrbere; Aleoi. irej^ dolor, 
Sehiltar. Bat moet probably, tti primary application 

to^ troobled face of the ekv ; or at any rate, to 
what ia literally troubled, aa muddy water, Ac, as it 
will gmenlly be loond that terma, expremire of the 
otota of the mind, ore botrowed from external objecta. 

It^s DBOwm ON, imf€r$. 9. Used to denote 
a thick wetting mist ; ibid. 

'DBOW9 •• A melancholy sound, like that 
of the dashing of waves heard at a dbtance. 
East lioth* 

Teoti ilrv^ drMM; triatl% moeraaa. 
DBO WP, «. A feeble person. 

Bot LAiU eniftdle did kdjp thai oooitlie wtidii, 

"* that «wop.— — 
DmnAot, mitiHfmd Pp§m§, pi Hi 

Qnhin ifl« deid of that 

Ha alao oaos <iroi^ aa an adj., p, SL 

Teoti dn^t moeatoa ; laL ilrai^^^ triatari, [cMpo, 

DBOWPEB, $. One who ^ves way to 
dejection of spirits* 

'*To be flmdi abont dn^ and aeryioe,— ia a Tei^ 
MBont divenion and core of heaft-tnmble^ which la 
oat lad by idle diaconragement ; and it ii the wav to 
perCmt onre^ whidi cannot be expected by laae 

d^wMpcrv." Hnteheaon on Joh. zir. 15. V. Dboup. 
Ha inwnadiata origin ia the S. ▼• Droop. 

DSOWBIEB, 9. Dowager^ ''Qnene draw- 
tier; Aberd. Beg., A. 1551, V. 21. 

Obr. nom Wt* aoiMiritfri^ ml 

DBOWS, «. pL A class of imaginary beings, 
ShetL DrowMf synon. 

**1t thanatiTeBof Thole admitted that one cbM of 
magioiana perCoimed their f eata by their alliaace with 
flaten, they doYoatly beliered that othera dealt with 
nirita of a difierent and lem odiooa claas — the ancient 
owacCib called, in Zetland, Trow§ or Droioi, the 
modara iabiea and ao forth." The Pirate, L 121. 

*'T1ia DrowB or Trowa, the legitimate raooeaion of 
tfm northern Duergar^ and aomewhat allied to the 
fyrie^ rmide like them in the interior of green hilla 
and covenia, and are moat powerful at midnight, 
are eariooa artificen in iron aa well aa in the 
ma metala, and are eometimea propitioua to mor« 
but more frequentiy capricioua and maleTolent." 
Ihid.» p. S3S; N. V. Tbow, Tbowi, «. 

DBOTTES, 9. vL The name given by the 

conntiy people in Aberdeenshire to the 


Soma haTe traced the term Druid to Tent. dnU, 
fldeUii fldua; though it ii more probably of Celtic 
origin, aa the Qermana, according to Ceaar, had no 
Druida. It ia not improitable, that the Franconian and 
Helvetian terma for a female masician, drude, drntte^ 
originated from the auperior knowledge of thia order of 
mn. y. K^yaL Ant., p. 608. 

DBUBLIE. V.Droublt. 

DBUCEEN, pari. pa. Dronken, S. 

rve bew at druekm writen' feasta 

Bwrm, On DiiUng urith lard Doer. 

Boom drwekm wife wi' drouth doei bum,— 
And nir doM mutter and doei mourn 
For good ma' beo; 

lu Hat'ti nig, t^ ea. 

8U.-0. Dan. druUm, id., from dridt-a, drikk-er^ to 
drink. IiL drdbb'im, efariua. 

Druckensum, adj. Habituated to the use 
of intoxicating liquorsi addicted to intem- 
perance, S. 

I find it oooe written dnrnMumn.— *'Hia wiff was 
drunkintmm and quhiUia ewill oondidonit.'* Aberd. 
Beg., 16th Cent 

To DBUG, 9. a. To pull forcibly, to tug, to 
drag, S. 

^Bii^t emistle thay wirk. 

And ftr to dnu and draw wald oeuer trie. 

Dot^ Vi/TfO, 47. L 

Then in a grief he did her hail. 
And drMj^ged both at main and tail. 
And other parte he oouM best waiL 

VToteM'f CUL, L M. 

H ia.aometimei oontraated with drcMe. 

Than bettor aone to dmg nor lait to draw. 

LammL L, AotiL, FoL 6^ b. 

Thia aeema to have been a proT. ezpreeeion, aigni- 
that it ia preferable to uae etrong meaauree in 

proper leaaon, than each aa are more feeble when it ia 
It ia alao uaed by Chancer. 

—At the gate he prolliued his lerrio^ 

To driMoe and draw, what so men wold deriaeu 

Kmi^U» 21, ▼. 14ia 

Bndd. riewa it aa corr. from r%g. But it is radi- 
eally the same with draw / only the ^ttural sound ia 
retained, aa denoting that the action la more forcible. 

Thia may perhape be allied to IsL CAnM-o, premere, 
rim inferre ; lAnly-af^ ria, ooaotio ; Haldoraon. 

DBUO9 $. A rough or violent pull, S. B. 

They— lasht him on before wi' birken wands, 
About his boughs, and round about his logs ; 
And at his hair loot mony unco dmga, 

Routt Hdmortt p. 47. 

DRUG SAW, a saw for cross-cutting timber. 
South pf S. ; synon. croMM-cvA'^aWy S. 

"AneUtledraasawforwriohtia.'' InYontoriee, A. 
1578, p. 255. 

"Token from him— oil their other loomea within 
tiie houses aa axes, eitch, drug^oaw^ bow aaw, and 
othera valued to 40 lib.'* Aoc*. Depredationa on the 
Clan CampbeU, p. 52, 53. 

DBUOGARE, adj. Drudging, subjected to 

Of bsstis sawe I mony diuene kynd ;— 
The slawe esse, the orsj^i^fe besto of pyne. 

Kmif9 (^Motr, T. 4. 

IsL droogur, tractor, bajulua ; G. Andr. 

To DRUIDLE, v. n. To idle away one*a 
time, Upp. Lanarks. 
Thia ia merely a yariety of DruUU^ q. ▼. 

DRULE, $. One who is slow and inactive, 
a sluggard, South of S. 




Btl^ dbi fl i % tP«MP^todroopi IiL i(roff-«i baiar- 

DBULEif. A Turiety of 27tf/^ Doo/y a goal, 


**l)otl or ilnili^ the «m1 which nmetten ttriT* to 
frfB in^ M at football,^ GL Shirrafs. 

m^ I a oipao t ^ ia mtrdy a corrapfcion of Dafe. IiL 
A'offa^ to tairy^ to loitai; 

DSULIE^ adj. Muddy, troubled; synon. 
with Ihrumfy, but more commonly used, 
omcially by old people; aa, '^cfni/te water," 
wnen diaooloiinBd with clayi &c^ Boxb. 

llMrt. dro^ tnrhidaife laoolentos, may perfaapo bo 
\ tto ndioal tarm ; A.-S. drqf^ tubulentiia, ''ooenooua, 
nMdam, ilthy, dirty, draffia," Soomor. 

DBUM, adj. Dull, melancholy, S. B. Y. 

hL An u mr ^ tMitomaa; Haldonoo. 

DBt7M,«. A Imon ; a ridge, S. 

*te thoM gmuidfl, aad neigfaboarfaood, — thefo are 

ol thoee eiagnTar ridgee of nature eiJled hen 

[dofaiim] ; perhape lo to 12 of them within a 

paeaof eaohoUier. They have all a parallelism 

another, and decline eastward. ^There are 

of thoee dnmu in the neighbourhood* in the 
of A^yth aad Rattray, ami in the Stormont, 
whieh haTo the nme pardlelism and position with the 
abofo." F. Bendothy, Perths. Statist Aco., xiz. S42. 
QaaL £r. dnOm, the back or ridge of a hill, C. B. 
ir/fm. H«Doa/>nia»-jaMi,aname given to the Oram- 
iwitenw ; aooording to Adamnan, J)or$ttm Bri* 
,q. tiie back or ridge of Britain; a name proper 
^ aa thia ridge divides the ooontry into two parte. 
Bv iVPli^d, STb. to little hills, which rise as hacks 
orii^Ba above the level of the adjacent ground. The 
wm ofthis tsrm ootrssponds with the metanh. eense in 
wUeh Lai. donmm frsouently occurs. V. Mow. 

Tko GaeL word is also written cf rtm, the back ; a 
lUft of ■ioaitain% Shaw. It deeerves remark, that 
Id. drmmb ia deflned, Quioquid oonifonne, vel con- 
aa eflbrt^ et in situm snrgit; drembi, tumor; 

Haldorson. Drembe, elatio, 
; u. ABor., PL 02. Hence probably the Drtm*^ 
of a neuig around, about three miles south 
m Aberiady in HsSdingtonshirs^ the site of a very 
Mai fnrtwifatioB, apparently the remains of a 
Fbtiah towB. I may also observe that IsL tkntma^ is 
aoetivitas nmntis ardua; Haldorson. I need 
add that d aiad UK ars often interchanged. 

DBUM, #• The ^lindrical part of a 
Biafehine; the name commonly ^ven to 
that part of a thrashing machine, upon 
which are fixed the pieces of wood that beat 
oat the grain, S. 

**na iheavea were carried betwee n an indented 
aad a aumber of rollers of the same description 
rooad the drHfn." Agr. Surv. E. Loth., p. 74 

To DBUMBLE, v. «. 1. To make muddy, S. 

S. To raise distorbance, like one who stirs 
mod ; hence, ia a metaph. sensoi to trouble. 

As ftem a bow a fatsl flane, 
IMn'd by ApoUo from the rasia, 
Ifar^d an eel ; 

Bee nay the petriof s power sad sit 
8fe OUe to souple roanas hnpert, 
That dn eaMi at tae eommoowesL 

Mamm/9 Potmi, I STB. 

H is etOl used as a a. a., in a literal eense. V. the 

DRUMLIE-DBOirS, «. pi. Bramble- 
berries, Kinross, Perths.; Black Baidt^ 
West of S. 

The latter part of the word seems to be oorr. from 
GaeL dnait, artia, a bnunble. Dramkioun signifies a 
thorn, and draighionnaeh, thorny. But it would be to 
auppose a very tautolodcal compoeition, to neolve it 
into "thorny bramble.' 

Dbumlt, Dbumblt, adj. 1. Dark, troubled. 

The dnaidy ichoor vet ftnth ouer all the srs 
Als blak as pyk, in bubbis hers and thars. 

Doug. VirgO, VSl. & 

2. Muddy, thick; drwnUy^ A. Bor. id. 

Firse thine strekii the way profound saooe, 
Depe vnto helUs finds of Acherooe,— 
Dnun^ cf mude^ sad aksldsad ss It war wodsL 

AnV. FiVyO, 17a 8& 

3. Having a gloomy aspect, S. 

Boom said my looks woe groff aad sour, 
IVetfti', dnmUg, dull, and door. 

Mammti^s PotmSf L 806. 

"Good fishing in druwUg waters }" Bamsay's S. 
Prov., p. 28. 

BudcL views it as oorr. from Fr. troubU, id. Sibh. 
from Teut. turbden. But it seems rather a derivative 
from Teut. droff, turbidus, feculentus ; if not from the 
same origin with Dbam, o. v. J>rumbied ia used in 
the same sense, A. Bor. The ale is drwrnbled^ i.e. dis- 
turbed, muddy. "Look how you ifrmaftfe," Shaksp. 
ie. how confused you are. Xambe's Notes, Batt. 
Flodden, p. 71. Draee, Cumb., "a muddy river i" Ul. 

4. Confused ; applied to the mind. 

T he Koae ne'er carea 
For siller, or sie guilefu' warea 
Wi' whilk we dnmlv grow, aad crabbit. 
Dour, capemoited, tnnwin-gabbit ; 
And britber, sister, friend and fee. 
Without rsmeid o' kindred, sUm. 

iVfyaaeoa's J^seau; it 90. 

5. Troubled, applied to the state of public 
matters, S. 

"This waa about the time appointed for our Par- 
liament in the midst of May. We little enected the 
holding of it ia so drumiy a season." Baime's Lett., 

DRUMMOCK, «. Meal and water mixed. 
y. Dbammock. 

DRUMMURE, adi. Grave, serious, sad, 
Dumf r. Dremwl^t^ Ettr. For. 

This may be allied to Drvm^ adj., melancholy. But 
it seems rather to be a oorr. of E. demntrt. 

DRUMSHORLIN, adj. Sulky, pettish, 

As dnm signifies sullen, melancholy, s^rKa may be 
viewed either as a diminutive from our v. ecAore, to 
thrsaten, or as the same with Teut. scAorfava, •char* 
licya, seAfWayn, scurra, a scoffer, according to Kilian. 
Bdg. scAeriMMi is, however, rendered by Sewel, "a 




To DBUNE, V. n. To low in a hollow or 
dnmned tone ; to moan, or complain with 
a low and mnrmuring voice* To drum Ukg 
m mm. Ang. Creyn^ eruiM, tj/wm. 

U. A' f » jM» wmmstt 8w. cirooi-ik Droeiia Mm m 
Ifia^ to btDov M a DoU; poa 0eA ciroeiia, to go inopiiig ; 
Ira^ Id. dry^ miigitiif ; V eraL lod. 

Druhs, «. 1. The mnrmoring sound emitted 
hj cattle, & 

9. A slow, drawling tune, or a tune sung in 
a drawling way, S.; also Ditme. 

8. It often denotes the mourning sound 
emitted hj children, when out of nnmour, 
after being flogged; the tennination of 
cijin^ S« 

Dbuht, «. A drawling mode of enuncia- 
tioOy S* 

U» dhsMV mvgitiisi drmntgin^ mvna eft gnodi- 
' S0D«s y O. Aadr.« jp..^ Dan. drynl-^^ however, aig- 
■ifies to kite, to IiBgar. V.^Drakt. 

DSUNT, «/ Pet, sour humour, S. 9trunt^ 

^Ifalllt^ WM donbl, took Oie cfhtiil, 
lb to coaptf'd to WUlifli 


8Mk vrfm to **8w. drmd^ emanaor," a tmant. 
ift mmtm vafther aUied to O. Fland. drint-tm, to 
) tomeeoere; which may be from the 
looi with U dramb^ pride, faatua, raperbia. 

To DBUNT, V. n. The same with DraiU^ 

DBUSCHOCH, 9. I. Any fluid food of a 
nanseoiia appearance; as, **! ugg at sic 
dtmmskoAT << Thou has spoil't the broth, 
•inpid thing; thou has made it perfect 
dhtmodl;'* Benfrews. 

9* A compoond drink ; generallj applied to 
drugs, Ajrs. 

GaeL drati g tnahj or rather a diminutiTe from 
Dmali atooMb liagmeBti, q. ▼. 

DBUSH, #• 1. Atoms, fragments, synon. 

H e hit tor on the thoodsr, 
Hat he daagt an to cf nii4 likeoowder, 
He Ud It 00 to sicker. Waimm*9CdL^\,iL 

S. Dross, refuse, scum; apnlied to men, 
AbenL; the dross of peats, Banffs. 

' — If Mfetia I nkht leod 
^Caag Jemnue'f tpniih. 
BmUv they'd think I viiaW 
me MBteten AiMAi 

fltoro/f ^OMU^ pi 88. 

TUs woid aeema radicaUjr reUted to Moea-O. 
dnmkmtLf a cmrnh^ a fragment; from cfrftw-aa, to 
litt t whenm dmrn^^ dru$, caiui, ruina, and drauB-jan^ 
^fidfwmBjamt ez alto wrecipitare ; also, Su.-Q. cfroM<€i, 
I and perhapa nelg. (fe-<f ntyscA, immania f ntgor 
alieaju molia ex improTiiio dimptae ac pro- 

To DBUTLE, v. n. Applied to a dog or 
horse that frequently stops in its way, and 
^eeto a small quantity of dung at intervals, 

It haa beea oonjeetorsd that this ia the primary 

inse of the preoedm^ v., and that it haa been appliea 

to one who laa behmd, or ia dilatory in opentioo, 

only in a aeooMary way. Bat this idea ia repa«nant 

to the evidenoe arising from the signification m ths 

to think, inde«i, that this term is 
oriinnaUy different. From ito ai^pification, it is pro- 
- baSly a diminntive ftom some «. signifying, excrsmen- 
tun ejieera. If the change of the towSL should bo 
deemed an objection to its -being dednoed from IsL 
drii/t'-€i^ or Fna. drft^n, althoogh this ia of little 
weis^t^ it seema to have also assumed another fonn. 
For Tevt. drtH and dreie signify orspitna | and cfreate^ 
dlreld^ pilnla ateroonuria» 

To DBUTTLE, v. n. 1. To be slow in 
motion, to make little progress in walking ; 
DrmUSn, Slow, S. 

2. To trifle about any thing in which one is 
engaged, S. 

TmIL < lr g M i rf < n , pmnilioBla passna faoersb gradi in- 
' L Oerm. dnUel-n^ iroUd^ to walk . 

in a slow and laiy manner, like one who is fatigued. 
Thia Waohter derivee from Sa.-0. troUf (rofti, lassoa, 
froeflHit fatigars^ corresponding to Moee-O. Mi4rud'jaM^ 
' Istigari, Su.-0. <ryi-a, to Tez» /oerAryi-a^ to be slow. 
IsL triilUUt cnrao parvulua; from fri£e» cnrsito; but 
drotia, consectari haesitaator, is perhapa allied. Thia 
may be a derivative from <<rBtfa, pod issequa; O.Andr., 
p. 68. 

DBWBY. V.Dboubrt. . 
DBY (in a stone,) «• A flaw, Aberd. 

Tent, dftwae aigniflea, conouseus, coocussnzm ; per- 
hapa q. a shaken or shaking in the stone^ a term otten 
need to denoto a rent in wwkL Belg. dnai^ ia a twiil» 
to tarn. 

* DBY, adjm Cold, without affection ; ap- 
plied especially to manner, S. 

and mind you, biUy, tho' ye looked dry, 
Ye'U change your fiMhions, and gie ahup ta^y, 

Dbt bubbow, an inland burgh, one not sit- 
uated on the coast. 

**Thal an oommonn hie gaittis that fro bnrrowea 
haa bene in vae of preoedent, oather for passsge fra 
thair hatA or enmminff thairto^ and in speciall aU 
oommonn nie gaittis fra Ire dry buirowis to the PoHU 
and hamnmi9 next adiacent (or procedant) to thame, be 
obeeruit and kepiti and that nane mak thame impedi- 
ment or atop thairintiU." Acts Maty, 1955, Ed. 1814, 
PL 49a. 

SoBBS of my roaderi may heeitato as to the propriety 
of thia being naed as a distinctive desianatiou ; as, in 
another aense of the word, as naed in S., the moat of 
bui|^ may be ealled ifry, or if an inyeraion be pra- 
femd, wfC 

DBYCHYN, Drtchtno, #. Deky, stay, 
protraction, of time. 

That wykked B]mg so rswled the plaoait, 
Betun was thaa in tiU his heait stait— 


feb 4Mmi h witik Plito fai Oie M^ 


' ptttfltOCliL 

Ii tdil 1618 MMl leTIl 


flOMi^ vIL 181^ llBw 


DOT-DiABir» «.. OottiveiieBS in cattle, Aberd. 
Opposed to Bmmm Dam. Y. Bm, e. 

DbThdiki^ «• A stone wall built without 
fime or mortar^ S* 

DbT'DIKEB, «• One wbo builds waUs with- 
out lime^ 8. Y. €k>WAN. 

I>Br*FABAHi>, adj» Frigid in manner, not 
opeD» not f nmk, Bcab. 

BtioMd m this MOW by John- 
Man R. word, •qniTMBQi to 
Mm tto ■41* I^ Mid Farami, nimninj^ 

OKT-OAiB-iiAWy a. The nlaoe where two 
MDsjoin, and form a kind of bosom, Ayrs. 
T» Gran^ and now. 

DBT GOOSE, a handful of the smallest or 
fiiMst kind of meal, pressed veiy close to- 
* gettier, dipt in water, and then roasted 
among the ashes of a Idln, S. A. 

Bbt-HAIBB^ o^. The same with 2>ry-Jlir- 
ond^ iind, iLotL ; in allusion to cattle whose 
hair has lost all its sleekness from exposure 
to the weather. 

Dbt MUlfTUBES^ ** quantities of com paid to 
die mill; whether the nyerserind or not.** 
DifcL Summ. Yiew of Feud. Law, p. 125. 

• Coldnessy want of a£Fection, S. 

tto in ol Roadnmght the mw not her 

lother, iMMT did the eerl himself amoe the 

S hie lieateaemnr over Yieit them, -or giro 

oomfott emoe mm doloroiis fire, which wae 

adMlred bj meoy ou nuto jf peopl^ that for env dry- 

Mri of Mnrrey ahoiila have 

to aakind,ead hie ledj both, ia each e oi r o w f ui 
dsm.* Speldin^Ln. 
The sdT. ie need in the aune eaoee in S. Bnt 

of either the edj. or e. hav- 

PBTMT, fr€L Drowned. 

of the foddii, O PeUnonie, 
fe b«efl» and drpni emid the m? 

Dot^ VugO, 178. 8L 


acuKLis, «. pL 

''Bm, in the twn 

MM of 


Ihy HheUf the pan of 

ohehnerie ebone the heU, in 
etend beddie with their dtp 
—Item, in the oonstebellie 
bod with ene little hone 
A. UUQi p. 301. 

It wonid oeMi ttet n dby edUfe denoted the pen i 
and Jtale^ ee niMtioned dietuotljy the box or tiJde. 
TSent. mkad^ esfphn^ 8. efaeC 

DBYSOME,aJ;. Insipid, Ettr. For. 

She mej be Und, ihe na j be ewtet, 

She may be neet ea' euen O ; 
Bet O Are e'« e dryfoeie male 

Ooomei^d wi' booay Jeaa O I 

Ayy^e Jfowiarfn Ami. p. SOL 

Dbtsteb, 9. 1. The person who has the 
charge of turning and drying the gndn in a 
kihi, Fife. 

**11ie whole VDoCft and ejrminen of that Mid kin were 
oonaomed ;— old Robert Baillie being drytUr that day, 
end William Lnndy. at that ^yme, meeeter of the 
auOe." Lenonf e Duiy, q. 17^ ISO. 

2. One whose bunness is to drj/ cloth at a 
bleachfield, a O. 

Dfylir Jock wee elttfos ereckj 
Wr PUe TuDWB o^tte HilL 

A. Wiimm'§ Fotmi^ WB, p. 8. 

••none r qoo^ put, end «jne hit eili 
MelM the V»«(^« WMked loot 

Dbt axuiLL, a ckise stool; sometimes called 

*'Item, ene oannebie of grane teffetie freinyeit with 

for any dry tttUU or a bed. 
188. V. DbtSchi 
atniU of OMe," p. 138. 

D&r TAUC, a phrase apparent^ used in the 

Highlands of S.« to denote anj agreement 

that is settled without drinkmff. 

"Hm otiier party evened in hie defmoe that no- 
tibinghad peemd bnt a little dry tott^ end thatconld 
not be eeOed a beigein.'' Saxon and Gael, i. 11. 

DRYYE, 9. [Perhaps, a float, or. a float- 

mam qaiaUL mej eerre lor any 

LiYentqriee, A. 15S1, p. 188. v. Dbt Schxus. 

Item, ene long fiihina lyne for drf/veg, end three 
King lynee, eetimet to S hb." Depred. on the Ckn 
Gemptall, p. lOi. V. KiFnKO Ltni. 

DUALM,DwAi.M,DwAnM, tf. LA swoon, S. 

But toQ ead haet to oterpowKd her oith. 
That the giew tibntleM. end awirft theiewiih:— 
At lait the cf«»aa»7eed ftae her bit ead bit. 
And ihe bcgiai te oawher limbc ead dt 

RoiiTt Rdmon^ p. 9BL 

S. A sudden fit of sickness, S. 

The dey it WM ett» ead the Wdel to be, 
The wife took a mbsi. ead lay down to die ; 

She mein'd ead aht giein'd ont of dolour and peia. 

Jtiimn't & Son^, L 1S9. 

Badd. mdendboiMirRg, lerie animi defectne, justly 
obeerving that it ie ^ynon. with SL ^ualm^ which 
Skinner definet, deliqunm animi brenor. Bnt the 
Conner ie mistaken in viewing both these tenne as from 
the same origin. He bee not obserred, that the yery 
word duaim le mentioned b^ Jonins, and expL nearly 
in the eeme menner. WiUeramo dualm eet caliso 
mentie 4|aodem vefaiti etnpore eorreptae ; 01. Ooth. 
He rsfere to Beta. bedwtimAeyd ee eynon. ; and Tiewe 
both as allied to Af oee-O. rfwoM, etoltne, fatnne, dwalm- 
on, insanirsb A.-& dwoUkm^ dwei-km^ errare, Tanri, 
Alem. dtie^ca, Belg. dwaei-m; to. Jhoaku Tout. Oed- 
terffli-cn, oonodere eninMH draioere enimo^ exanimari, 
▼ertigine oonipt; Kilian. Wachter deciTee dwalm 




horn G«ffM. dMMi dw a i m. tiiipii^ •tapidnm mm, 
TUi wofd hMb iDdMd. tt» MM ftffinitiM with DoiL'Db 

DuAZJfTirOi DwAUMiNOi «. !• A swoon. 

-4b tht gromd aU ma^^ Ml idio doan, 
ikad kjaat lug tfan* la aat dedelr iwowi^ 
Or OQT mtdi* or w«Md adio mjefat raith brinot ; 
Til tbm at lart Mid iftir hir AmAm^. 

Ikt^ VwgO, 781 18L v. DUALic 

S. It 18 metaph. applied to the failure of light, 
the fall of evemiig, S. B. 

Aa wddJflBi CMk ilippit fajL badaML 

mkrf^f9 Pmmi^ pi 144 

DUB^ «. 1. A small pool of rain-water, a 
puddle, S. A. Bor.; dSb^ Loth. Ayrs. 


Or Ihaa a flBoith polau or Aifti Uwn and fiua. 

Any. Vir^ VA. & 

Tka or waa m mdy of alC^ apea and owlaa, 
Thai gaaaa and nialiBg area asd cimikB, 
Ai 4l«b doiiln dm^th tf tnfa and draOoL 

Pd wrni , Waism's OoU., UL SI. 22. 

••T«1I flad a 4m6 at ilka don," Pkor., aydaa. s Le. 
TImm it oo Biaa withoat hia faiill. 

8*9 i.«. fipoal doaa aol oontinQa Imi^ whan tha'aurfaoe 
oltha poaad ia ooforad 

II ia a tnditionuy ramark with nraact to 
Mi t har; Tkar^Bttmeradamdbtg fivdwfa/bwi 

S. A gutter, S. 

8. Fool water thrown out. *< Casting of pet- 
mow & dub in hir hall dnr." Aberd. Beuz^ 
A. 1588, V. 16. 

4. DuAi^pL Dirt, mire, aB. 

£r. db^ a nttari CUt. <liiM» canal. Bullet. The 


■a wan aa laL ddk 

iDOl partiii^M laL 4f* laonnai aea parvn 
hia ; Q. Aadt^iP''^ LocaaTonflinoaiia, i 
*VanLInd. ThaUttarBiantionaSw. dii^yaaaaynon. 

k aquae 


DuBBT, adj. L Abonnding with small pools. 

S. Wet, rainj, Aberd. 

8. Dirty; applied to a road^ ibid. 

DuB-flKBLPEB, «. 1. One who makes his 
way with such expedition as not to regard 
the road he takes, whether it be clean or 
foul ; or as otherwise expressed, who **gaes 
throw thick and thin,** 8. 

S. Used oontemptnonsly for a rambling fellow, 

•«Ghaiata indeed! HI wmmnt it'a aoni» idle dulh 
tkt lp e r fraa the Waal, coming after aome o' yonraela on 
ana hoaaat arrand." St. Ronan, iiL SI. 

8. Applied, in a ludicrous way, to a young 
derK in a banking office, uniose pnncipd 
work is to run about giving intimation when 
bills are due, Ac, Edin. 

DuoK-DUB| «• A duck-^[XM>l, S. Y. Duke- 

DUBBIN, «• The liquor used by curriers 
for softening leather, composed of tallow 
and oil, S. ApparenUy corr. from D^ing^ 

DUBlE,adj. Doubtful, Lat JtiM-ic«. 

•• The <iMMa ganar it dedinia with twa artidaa, with 
thjaconjunctione val onmand betoix thame : aa nio Tel 
haeo diea, ana dar." Vaaa' Rndimenta Pneromm in 
Artem Oramnukticani. 

''How many ganaraa ia than in ana pronowne? 
Almaiatala monyaa inane nowne. Qohyaay^^al- 
maiat ala inonyaa in ana nowne? For theepioeyn 

', are inane nowne and nondit 

maiat nia monyaa m ana nowner 
{(anar, and the anfticaaner, are inane i 
m ana pronowne." ibid. Dd, iiij. b. 


Ibr bana^ aeho aajia, haa of Mr ttwln.— 
Mdiia and dtMarit nyaa or tan. 

AnMM^yaa Fmms, pi 16S, at 8. Y. Dnun. 

DUBLATIS, 9. pi. 

— "That flenry Tinta aall r aatora w i oofogia, ri 
tieyne diachia, iii trayne dMbtatk,** ko. Act. Audit. 

A. 1478, p. 67. 

Thia woold aeem to be an eiiolaw for dMari$t from 
DMblar^ a flat wooden plate^ q. ▼., and DSbUr, 

DUCHAL, «• An act of gormandising. La- 

DUCHAS, (gutt) «. 1. <<The paternal seat, 
the dwelling of a person^s ancestors ;** 01* 
Surv. Nairn. 

2. The possession of land by whatever right, 
whether by inheritance, by wadset, or by 
lease ; if one's ancestors have lived in the 
same place ; Perths., Menteith. 

Thia ia eridently a OaeL tarm. Duehan, dviekoM^ 
" the place of one*a birth, an hereditanr right,** Shaw. 
Ir. du aignifiea a Tillagab a place of abooe. 

DUCHEBY, «. Dukedom, dutchy. 

**Bobeit Dnk of Komandy deceiaait bnt ony 
aneoaaaion of hia body, be qnhaia deith the dudury 
come to Huy Bewdenr hia brothir." Bellend. Cron., 

B. ni., e. 17. 
Tt. dmchi. id. 

DUCK,«. A leader. Y.Duke. 

DUCK,«. Sail-cloth. V.DoooK. 

DUCK, «. A play of young people. Loth., 

The dutck ia a amaU atone placed on a larser, and 
attempted to be hit off by the pUyera at the oiatanoe 
of a few pacaa.'* Bhokw. Hag., Aug. 1821, p. 32. 

The pky may hAve been denominated from the 

reaemblanoe of the email atone to a dock. 

DUCEIE, 9. A young girl, or doll, ShetL 

8n.-0. dockot Genn. doehe, Alem. foAJIo, pupa, icun* 
cnU % Dan. dutbe^ a baby or poppet. 

DUD, $. 1. A rag, S. ; dudi^ rags, A. Bor. 

Ereiy (fuel hide another good days" S. Prov. 

"JSTeiy ami ouia anocaer gooa a»y $" si. rrov. 
apoken of people in raga and tattera ;" CLeUy, pc 100. 

Thia choloa la jnitaaancoai the last — 


A hair-brain'd little ana wagsing a' y^\dudi. 




(Uft] BUS 

Hit fiawtHy • tatUred cloth, il » in oomiMit qm. 

S. DiMb, AiAb, pL ■ Clothinffy that especially 
. iriiich if of inferior quauty, S. Dud^^ 
dothet; drndman^ a scarecrow; also^ a ragged 
ftllowi West £. y. OL Grose. 




§9 tke limif, tt 4. 
■ad Mffiow oo Imt mmty Unl tufltn that to 

Or wk« tibj AHb tn btdirtea, Unt givM t]i«m a doul^ 

Bit or ttaj twyad him Mid his tf mIw, 
Th« tfOM «f BOM WM tanit. 

Ckimu & P., L SSL 

l9k H WB»pMt midd*/ bdoro thijitr^ipad him of his 

DmIi it ofltB mad b^ tiie Tvlgar, ibUmt in t oon- 
iiaiPtBomt wmy^ for olotiMt^ OTta whort tho iUntioo it 
to Mil J, f\ 

-Tm wtRMt itwatthotaahtlfo'hflrfeaand 
boaatithy for tht wared tho ither half on pinnert and 
Btaitiimi to gMig to tae na ahoot jron day tt the pop- 
a^tf.— I wta tio a fole aa to fling it baok tp her.— -But 
I wat a great fole for my paina :— ahell ware't a' on 
4Mb tad nootente.'* Tkba of my Undloid, iii. 15. 

It tetati probable that a oonaiderable number of what 
CO oifltd mnI. E. worda, or alaji(jr, and which are 
Tiowed aa fonned by tiie mere ecom of 
vw% been borrowed by them from the lower 
reading in the diflferent prorincea, by whom 
ther haT* beoa tranamitted firom time immemoriaL 
Jmi$ attA to be of thit deeeription. At Orote ez|>L 
it te tiga^ying mgi^ in tiie North of E., and dothea, in 
tta Wett I he elaewhere givet it tt a cant term, in the 
kMv ttnta. It it thnt «cpL in Smith't Ctntizig Diet. 
**i>acli^ oloatht or goodt. Ahraham Cave ka» won (or 
Ui) ram dad% i.a. the poor fellow htt ttolen rery xwh 

S. Metaph. applied to a thtnoless f ellow, but 
more strictly to one who is easily imured by 
cold or wet; as, ^ He's a saft dud^ Roxb. 

Gael dtcf, a raff, and dwdaek, rugged. 
lUt may be allied to C. B. 4*^1 ^ P^^ oAf oznere ; 
Bariea. Bat the word ia moat probably of Qoth. origin. 
U. dtuU doaotea a lifter kind of elothinjL indumen- 
tam Wnorit generia ; Ad dude era app, leridenaa alinm 
THiira. Or. cvSvw haa been mentioned aa allied. Belg. 
ImL todde. aiag. [laL dridtu awaddling dothea.] 

Aa dmu it commonly need by the Tnlgar to <(enote 
Ika ciothea worn hy them when at work, it eeema to be 
tht aunt with the laL word. It may have been trana- 
foired to rag§^ aa the eecondarjr aenae, beeanae people 
art not nice tboat their weannff apparel, and often 
wear it after it ia tattered. Cooldwe snppoee that the 
Id. word had ever tignified raga, we might deduce it 
^ ~ ' f. dwu^ pendere facto ; dudie, motabat, 

Andr., n. 50^ 64) aa raga or tattere are 
by tiie wind, or oy tiie motion of the wearer. 

DuBDiBt DuDDT» adj. Bagged, S. 

Itae little lofe or canty cheer can come 
Firae liad^f deuUete, and a pantry t oom. 

DcnoDDnEsa, «• Saggedness, S. 

DUDDIE, «• A disk turned out of solid 
wood, having two ears, and generally of an 

octagonal form on the brim, Boxb. 
different from a LuggU. 

Tliia ia undoubtedly a reliqne of the Cumbrian king- 
dom. W. Bicharda givea C. & (iiai0cf4eitfr, and liiawa- 
wycf rya, aa both aignif ^ing a beaker. Diaw4etir 
literally aigniflea a dnnkmg cup or veaael | from diod-i 
to drM, Dhdf potua ; &zhom. 

He givea diowUif aa denoting a tippling-houae ; 
Ctnponul% certriaiarium, popina. 


Sehaw me thy aame, Duddrotm. with dOisencei 

IfNilHV, Fimk A P. JL, IL 68L 

«' Bagged alut," Pink. 

Bot to indyto how that Duddroum wm draft 
Drowpit nith dregt, qohinperaad with mooy qohrine. 
That procee to report it war ane pyne. 

L^ndm^e WarkU, U08, ^ 29a 

Kony iweir bumbard belly-haddroon, 
MoBT ilnto daw, aod alepy duddnmmf 
Hun ienrlt ay with aoanyiei 

Jhutbar, BantuUjftu Poeme, p. 29, at 7. 

Lord Hailea thinka that '^it meana a gfaoat^ from 
A.-S. cfyrfmiiyAa, fmore nroperly, djfderunffo^ phan- 
taama.** Bot the learned writer haa been mialed by 
mere aimilarity of aound. It may aignify, tatterde- 
malion, a pereon in raga, from /Hm, q. ▼. Thia view 
would agree tolerably well with the connexion. It 
aeema dmibtful, however, whether it doet not rather 
denote a aluffgard ; aa allied to laL dudr-a, to act in a 
remiaa and evenly manner ; [to go elowljr and leiaurely 
along] ; faotito, pro remiaaa et tonui actione ponitur ; 
dudur, remiaaa ac aegnia opera ; Q. Andr., p. 64. 

DUDE, for doU^S. 

Bot thay that did mak thla ordonr, 

I trow aall prone it to be gode : 

The C3erk aaid, Qnha ia he wiU dude f 

DiaL Cierk and Comriea ur ^ p^ 28. 

* DUE, adj. Indebted; bs^ ** Tm due him b, 
groat," I owe him a groat, S. 

It le beeaam he aeoma to boW 

To Mammon ao enalaviiig ; 
And atriraa to pay what he ia dm 

Without repeated erwviog ? 

ImgnuCe P9$me^ p. 7a 

. In thia nae of the term there ia a tranaition, from the 
thing that one owea, to the peraon who ia owing. 

To Due, v. n. To owe, to be indebted, 

To DUEL, Duel, Duell, Dwell, v.n. 1. 
To delay, to tarry, to procrastinate. 

Braaand and halasand thay dud al nycht and day. 

Dtmg, VwyU, 168, 89. Horantor, Viig. 

*« Do way," quo echo, *' yell dwtU too lang." 



2. To continue in any state or situation, to 

Schyr Thomaa dudt fechtand 

Qohar Schyr Raufl^ aa befor aaid I, 

Withdraw him. 

JBMear, zrilL 484, MS. 

3. To cease or rest ; used obliquely. 

Qobat aet yow thna, echo aaid, ao Qod yow aaifi; 
Ra Ttolent wer at ye lik nocht to dudl t 

WaUaee, TiiL 1822, MS. 

4. 2>trtf ft &eAtn(f is used passively, as equivalent 
to Uft bAuuL ' 




Hm Brit of the Lra«DAx WMi- 
Xivvf Mfiuf with hb giOm J 
•TUl th« Kiu w«s far on hii way. 
QoImo thatlmd off his cuntra 
wyit thftt to d*uU b^pnd «■■ be,^ 
B« M with whippTt thai him aoadit. 

Bmhom', UL 60C ICai 

It freqiMntly ooeoxi in 0. £. m aigmlying to tury ; 
•ad dbo to iwnnin. 

And pnyad than for to dweU 
And uoyr aTantoTM to tdl. Cmmrdtlfom, 

Of thim, that wrytenui to fon 
Tbo bokat daseUc 

Ml Ta wolla A while dtutte. 
Of hold bataillaa I wola yon taUe. 

CimitAwhinUck,UB. Y. 8ir 'Matrem, Intr. ezzL 

Alem. duaal-emt 81L-O. dweU-a, duad^ku, Dan. 
dwat^ id. IiL du^ moror, cunctor ; [dutffa^ to do- 
Iny.l Hora we diaoorer Uie piimarT atgnification of E. 
dwdt. Due deriTea Sil-O. dwal-a bom dwala^ atupor, 
M wimary denotaqg atopidity of mind, then, floctiietioo 

Duelling, «• Delay, tarxying. 

Qnhaa that the King hard that tithing 
He amyt him. bat mar dueUing, 

Satitmr, liL M, M& V.thae. 

Godwin nninetly oenanraa ChAuoer for hia nae of this 
woid, in renoerinff the following Terse of Boethioa in 
hie Cowao l gtfo PkSumiphioe. Protrahit inmtaa impia 
▼itn inortM. " Myne nnj^tona life draweUi alona; un- 
greable dwellynseo." ''Here," aaya the biograimical 
writer, "if we anoold affirm that Chaucer himadf on- 
qneationably nnderatood the laat word of the line, we 
mnet at Icaat admit that hia reraion would never con- 
Tay the tme aenae to a mere Engliah reader, and that 
tfM word dweUynge$ muat be interpreted by i^nch a 
paraon, not aa a denomination of time, which ia ita 
weaning in Boethioa, bat aa a denomination place." 
lifeoftniano., u. a% 83. 

Not only did Chancer himaelf nnderetand the Lat 
wwd, bat the aenae he gaTe of it waa atrictly proper, 
aoQording to the oae of ue term dwcUynge in that age. 
Ancient writera^ however, are often oenaored by tiie 
Bodema, mereW in conaeqaenoe of the partial inf onna- 
tioift ol tlieir jndgea. 

DUERGH^f. A dwarf. 

Aae DfiergK braydit aboat, besQy and bane, 
flmall biraia on brocha, be ane bngh tyre. — 
Than dynnyt the Ihurgh in angir and yre. 

Oawan and OcL, I 7. V. Dboicb. 

[IiL dvergur^ dwad] 

To pUFE, V. a. (like Or. e). To give a blow 
with a softisb substance, Clydes., Loth., 
Boxb.; synoiu Baf^ fu/l 

DuFE, «• 1. A blow of this description. Y. 


2. The sound emitted by such a blow, Cljrdes. 

DuTE, 9. 1. The soft or spungy part of a 
loaf| turnip, new cheese, &c., ibid. 

2. A soft spungy peat, Perths. Y. Dowr. 

8. A soft silly fellow, S. O. 

DUFFIKOBOUT, a thumping or beating, ibid. 

Hull aeema merely a modification of Id. dvNM, caedo^ 
Tarbero, percatio; O. Andr.; hence applied to dubbmg 
a kn^ht, fhmi the dtoke given. 


DuFFABT, 9. 1. A blunt stupid fellow, 
AyiB.; Dufar^ Roxb. Y. Dowfart. 

S. Oenerallj applied to dull-burning coal, 

DuFFAST, adj. Stupid. Y. under Dowf. 

DuFFiE, adj, 1. Soft, spungy, Fife, W. 

2. Also applied to coals which crumble down 
when struck by the fire-irons, Fife. 

DuFFiE, 9. A soft silly fellow, S. 

'*0h aire. Oh aira, that I had bat ae bairn, an' ahe 
aet her heart on a f eckleaa dujfie o' a Frenchman, an' a 
papiah." Sason and (Hel, ii. 35. 

DuFFiNESS, 9. Sponginess, Clydes. 

To DUFFIFIE, v. a. To lay a bottle on 
its side for some time, after its contents 
have been poured out, that it may be com- 
pletely drained of the few drops remaining ; 
as, ** rll duffiJU the bottle,*" Aberd. 

Thia aeema to be merely a cant term, formed proba- 
bly from the name of aome peraon who waa Tory careful 
of hia liquor. Elaewhere one ia aaid to make me botUe 
or grey-beard coi|/e»t, S. 

DUGEON-TRE, Dudgeon, s. Wood for 

'* Certane dugeom ire coft be him," fto. AbenL Beg., 
A. 1551. V. 21. 

**J>mlgeon, the hundreth pecea oonteining aex acore, 
▼iiUuija." Batea, A. 1611. 

Belg. dnyg, a ata£f of a caak ; dujfffm, atavea. 

DU60N, s. A term expressive of contempt, 
Ettr. For. 

"What wad my father a%y,— if I were to many a 
man that loot himael* be threahed hy Tommy Potta, a 
great aupple dugon^ wi' a back nae atiffer than a wiUy- 
wand ? He*a gayan' good at arma-length, an' a fleeing 
trip, bat when ane cornea to doae quartera wi* him, 
he% bat a (fM9<M.'' Hogg'a Wint. Talea, i. 202. 

Fr. doggtuH, "a filthie great old cnrre;** Cotgr. 
0. Fr. daguUi, brutal, hargrenx ; Roquefort. 

DUIERIE, DuKRiE, s. Dukedom. 

*' Hia BCaieatie— declaria— all and haill the duibrie of 
Lennox, &c., with all charteria— grautit be hia Maieatie 
off the foiraaid duhrie^to be— apeciallie exceptit,*' &c. 
Acta Ja. VI., 1502, Ed. 1814, p. 559, 560. 

Ilie termination ia equivalent to that of dom, being 
the aame with A.-S. rire, do minium . 

DUIRE, adj. Hard ; Fr. rfwr, dure. 

—The woirme, that workaa mdar cuire. 
At tenth the tre consaimet that Li duire. 

Hist. K. Henrie, Poemt SixieetUh Cent., p^ 262L 

DUKATE, 9. A pigeon-house ; a variety of 
DoweaUy i.e. a dove-coU. 

" That all thai that brekia ddto^ia— or atelia fnrth of 
the aamin— cfoicM— ealbe calUt and pmiat tharfore.'* 
Acta Ja. v., 1535, Ed. 1814, p. 344. 

DUKE, Duck, 9. A leader, a general. 

XhOv Hannibal, aa maar authoia wrait, 

same oa numy a paua|, 
V9riM4 OMf Vyofl^ Evergnem, L 4& 

Throw Spanjia cama oa numv a pauaga itrait 



cm] DHL 

IT* l y h y i i t 11U1.7 be oklltt opima^ bol ob«Us thaj 

I ar tekiii be um dutt fr* ane nthir ; we mider- 

■y be eellit dmke, bot he eluierlie be 

thsttpyieled.". BeUend. T. Lit., p. 338. 

Am JhKkU, v. Onn FALOom. 

tte tsm b •fidentlj wed aooofdiag to the 

DUKE» DuiKt 9. A duck, S. 

1M dayle hi dmb aauuiff the if iiHf 
Be did with dirt him Hyde. 

Pmmi^ p. 22, tt 18L 7. DU& 

]>inaH>l7Br«« A pool for the use of dtteks^ S. 

''Ii A aeooad OMin^— I wae np to the kneee in that 
veeeptaob of water, called the dmke-dub,** 
kMmi^,, Oet 1821, p. 308. 

1!h«t laj a dtieh-duA befoie the door. 


DuK^a-MBATy «. The herb in £• called 


Agrimony, Ooadi-gEMi^* Duk^^^meai, 
SL Qanaain'a Boyal Ph jiiciaii» p. 58. 


— **Tkat flolitr Johne eontent k paye— lor— « 
hylnyf vi d., a cU kude zriii d., a pare A spcirTia Tiii 
d." Aol.Avdit.,A. U78^p.82. 

TUa aeeam to aigni^r •• a hood of doth," from Teat. 


Smtkf pannna. Deedr-Aoe/I ■gnifieaa hood or oorering 
lorthahead. BeIg.JW^cl4lMl, "a pteoe of linen cloth 
-topto aboQt the head, aooif;** SeweL 

[DUE-PEBIS, «.pt y. D0WOH8PERI8. 

fom ooeua in Barboor, iiL 440t Skeat'a Kd.] 

DULBABT, DuLBKBT, «. A heavy stupid 
South of S* ■ 

U. M^atoltitia, and ^tr<-<^ manifeetare ; q. one who 
hialooliahBoea. C. B. delftrea, a dolt. 

DULCE, aefi. Sweet; Lat duleU. 

— b thel b«lk thafa* li aa heieaie 

Bat Ghiietti worA^ rigjlit dmle$ and redolent 

XfMfav, A P. JL, IL 181. 

DyLDEB,8. Anj thi^ large, S. B. Belg. 
rf(8gftfa% a slice, 

DULDERDUM, adj. Confused, in a state 
flf sti^or, silenced hj argument, Ayrs. 

Ihalaat nrllable ia nndonbtedlr the aame with E. 
drntk, Aald. ANnMaignifieamntniLrfMld-riacoecaa; 
%, blind and dnmb. Or ahall we refer to Tent dmld- 

DULDIE, 9. The same with Dulder ; as, 
^Agreit dtddie^ a large piece of breads 

am^^a^w^im ^^e^^#4w ^■■mABm^v 

ToDULE^v.ii. To grieve, to lament 

We ael ae aU fra the elchte to fjle men of traath : 
We Arfi ftr aa evil deldii eaw U be device balden. 

JittMmndFMmi, p. SL 
It. domMt, Lai cMere. 

DuLB, DooL^ 9. Orief, S.; dole, E. 

MakbeCh l^nUvk and Lakweh ftile 

VitenHvil. 1.4. 

0ar»4nffjn had an than darie in datt. 


** Tb ling dool," to lament, to mourn t Shixr. OL 
The tenn ia aometimee naed adjectively. 
** Efter proecrip»tioan of the men, come eyndxr ladyia 
of Scotland arrayit in thair duU habit, for dolonre of 
thair hnabandia, qohilkie war alane in thia laat battaU." 
Bellend. Gron., A ri., c. 18. 

How many fereterie and dab habttis achyae, 

flal then behald t 

Any. FMpO, 197. 89L 

Wr.duea,QMLdaitghia§,C.Kdolur; i^tromUJL 
doloTp id. 

DULE, Dool, 9. 1. The goal in a came. 
The term is most common^ used in pL 

— FrMche men oome, and bailit the dulit. 
And dang th ft"^i f donn in *1fjif», 

Ckr. Kirk, ft 22L 

''AwaQ-knownphraeeatfootbalL When the ball 
loaehea the goal or mark, the winner calla out, Hail I 
or it haa A^cf Me da^." Tjrtler, p. 187. The tenn ia 
here need fl^ratiTely, to denote Tictoiy in fight. 

"The object of the married men wae to hanff it, 
{the baU] i.e., to pnt it three timee into a amaU nole 
m the moor, the aooi or limit on the one hand ; that 
of the baehelora wae to drown it ; i.e., to dip it three 
timea into a deep place in the river, the liftiit on the 
other." P. ScoM, Pertha. Statiet. Aoc., xviii. 88. 

**Li the game of yo^ aa anciently played, when the 
baU reached the mark, the winner,' to announce hie 
▼ictorr, caUed, Hail dulet Chron. S. P., u. 370, N. 

Sibo. haa properly obeenred, that Tout, doel m 
agreeta terram in quam eaffittarii jaculantnr aagittal ; 
and dod-pume, ecopne, or Uie mark. 

O. E. dole aeema to have been need in a aenae nearly 
allied to our daiff. 

" The Curate^ at certain and convenient plaoee, 
ahall admonieh the people to give thanke to God, in 
tiie beholding of Ooa*a benefite ; for the increase and 
abundance of hie fruite upon the face of the earth, 
with the aaying of the 103a Pialm, Ac. at which time 
the ICiniater shidl inculcate theee or such eentencee: 
'Ouxaed be he that tranalateth the bounds and doles of 
hia neigfabour.' ** Iigunct., 18 Elia., ap. Brand's Pop. 
Antiq., pc 268. 

Plii]]ipadefineed(0&t or dbo2t, "certain balka or alipa 
ol paatura left between the fnrrowa in ploughed landa;" 

2. DuU is used to denote a boundary of land, 
Fife, Loth. Where ground is let for sow- 
ing flax, or planting potatoes, a small por- 
tion of grain is thrown in to mark the limits 
on either side ; sometimes a stake is put in, 
or a few stones. To either of these the 
name of dule is given, as being the boundary. 

According to the old mode of husbandry, in the 
Trf^thiana at least, the dung; made by the eottare, was 
laid on ground prepared by the fanner for barley, or 
what was denominated the beer land; and they had 
the crop of bariey aa the compensation for their dung. 
Aa only a amaU pmrtion of a ria feU to each cotteger, 
tiie practice wae to drop a few beans, at different die* 
tanoes, acroea the rig; which, when grown up, fonned 
tafts, eiMiiiig to distinguish the separate propertiea. 
Theee tufte were, and still are^ called duUe, It is be- 
lieved that there ia no other name for them. Henoe^ 

To DuLE off V. a. To mark out the limits, 
to fix the boundaries, in whatever way, ibid. 

Although the Tent, givea no lifffat aa to the origin of 
doelf thia, I think, mav be founa in the Gothic Isl. 
dpd-a mauUm moran, also impedire. Hvad dvelr 
Udg^ quia impedit to? For what is a duUw boon- 




dafT« Iml tiial which it damgnad to impede or preTent 
CuruMr ptogreei? Fkom civefa ie formed cf«o«( mor% 
A ftef. a aloDt a deUy ; ifiiaic4 id., VereL It ia not 
impiOMble tmit this wae the primary form and aignifica- 
tioai of the tan^ which appaan in Teat, in the form 

[Duuruxx, adj. Doleful. Y. Dule.] 
DULENCE, inUry. Also, wo is me, Durnf n 

Shall wa trace it to Lat dolens, as originaUy naad at 
•ohool; or to the l^/deriratiTe du^ 8. duU^ aorrow? 

DULL, «• Hard of hearing; a common 

**lhU^ need e tt o ii aoii a ly for deaf." Sir John 
Siadair'a Obaanr., pi 101. 

— "Kerer apaajring above hia breath, ao far aa ever 
X heard, and Fbaing rather if h^ made him at laat roar 
ov^ ao that Mr. Ancna, who waa paaaing through the 
hall aame time, heara the whole matter. " Saxon and 
Qael, ii 7Si 74. 

To DULL, V. II. To become torpid. 

**Thia mareiall — prince mieht nocht anffir hia pepiQ 
toieatorcfaffiBatKenth." BeUend. T. Lit., p. 60. 
The 9. ia need by Chancer in the aame aenae. 

DULLYEART, adj. Of a dirly dull colomr, 
Upp. Clydes.; frnn Dull and Art, Ard^ 

DULLION, 9. A large piece, Fife ; Dawd, 
gynon. Perhaps from tne same origin with 
£• doUf anj thmg dealt out. 

DULLY, adj. Y. Dollt. 

DULSE, adj. Dull, heayj, S. B.; most 
TOobably fromlsLdoUiOyappendere ignavum, 
ti. Askat.f p. 50. 

Tins aeama orimnaHy the aame with Sw. doUk, 
Mainggish, anil, dvoway;" Wideff. Qni raaea eat, 
aiti|ne, nbt poteet, laboiem Titat ; Ihre. Norw. daaUe 
aeama only a ▼ariety of thia. HaUager expL it by 
Dan. aaaierfijr. unmroporiitmeret^ i.e. onperaonable, 
iU-proportionea. £in daaUe mamd^ S. B. '*a dtUm 
Baa.** Haldoraon nientiona laL doU^ tardatio^ and 
•ipL iloCt-a, haerara ; impedira. Shaw rendera E. 
heaTy by QaeL doUgknaek; bat it properiy aignifiea 

DULSES, 9. The Fncus Palmatns, a species 
of sea-weed which is eaten in S. 

*' Dtdm ia of a raddiah brown oolonr, abont ten or 
twalye iaohea lone, and about half an inch in breadth : 
H keat raw, and then reckoned to be looaening, and 
•▼ery i^ood for the eight ; bnt if boiled, it proTea mora 
looMomi^ if the jmce be drank with it. Martin*a 
Weetera laL, p. 149. 

** Fiahermen— go to the rooka at low tide, and gather 
thefncoapalmataa, duim; fncoaeacalentiia, haddtrloek; 
tad fnena pinnatifidna, pepper dulset which are reliahed 
hi thia part of the country , and aell them." P. Nigg^ 
Aberd. Statiat. Ace., riL 207. 

'*Palmated or aweet fncua, Anglia. DuUe ordiU, 
Sootia." Liriitlbot, p. 933. 

** Jagged thcoa, Anglia. Pepper dutee^ Scotia. " 
Ibid./S*953. ^^ 

*'UiTa montana. Monntain laver, Anglia. Jfoim- 
• Ml rfiilfa, Scottia/^ Ibid., p. 973. 

**Tben ia beneath the cliff a beach of the fineat 
saad, a stream of water aa pure aa the well of Kil- 

dinguiab and the roeka bear cf mIm aa wholaeome as that 
ofGniydin.» The Pirate, iiL 34. 

I am iadehied to the Dnke of Gordon tor the oon- 
mnnication of a Tory aimple and beantifnl etymon of 
tiie GaeL word. Jhuitug^ hia Oraoe ramarka, ia 
"oomponndad of dHiUe^ a kaf^ and uiege water; 
Etarally, the leafof the water." 

GaeL dtdUkg, Jr. dai'uk, id. It might almoat aamn 
to hare wmemwiA ita name from laL mU-a, mentioned 
abore^ whieh alao aignifiea, to hang looae, haerana 
aonenderaL f ixlMlnwi x aa it adherea m ^t»«« — «*»*imw to 

DnLSH£T,«. A small bundle, Aberd. 

Id. dbia taadatios ilob-a. imnedire. 

DULT, «. A dunce, S.; do&, E. 

DUMBARTON YOUTH, a phrase apnUed 
to a male or female who is at least 
years of age, S. 

heaa aUowed to reach the diaereet yeara 
of a MhnAarUm yowik in nnaolicited maidenhood,** 
The Entail, i 45. 

Perhapa borrowed from thecireomatanoeof theoaatle 
of Dnnbarton being generally inhabited by invalided 

DUMBIE, «. pron. Dumnde. One who is 

~f n the and these fttrioos crjan 
Stood dent like ObMnrant Friaia, 
Or like to DmrMm making aigna. . 

06MC9 MoekPoem, P. a, p. 22. 

Anld gabbat Spec—waa aae conning. 
To be a Amuhm tan yean ranaing: 

JUmaa^e Pmm, tt. 861 

** Dmmnie eanna lie ;** Fergnaon*a S. Pror., p. 10. 

'*Lat the bypaat life of a man praiae him in hia 
death; all men are lyera, hot Dummie caaaof /ye." 
Z. Boyd'a Lart Battell, p. 1(H9. 

It may deeerre to be noticed here^ that Heb. DTT, 
dum aigniftfia, ailnit, DOn damain, id. 

To DUMFOUNDER, v. a. To confuse, S.; 
to stapify, to stun; used both as to the 
body and the mind, denoting either the 
effect of a fall or a blow, or of a powerful 
argument, S.; dumbfounded^ perplexed, 
confounded, A. Bor. 

*' I waa dmrn^fcmmdered aae, that when the jndge pnt 
the q ne ati on to me abont Clerk I ncTor anawerad a 
word.** Brownie of Bodabeck, it 22. 

Johnu only mentiona dumb aa the origin. But thia 
aeema awkwardly coupled with Fr.fotulre, to faU; 
whence E. /ommier. Perhape the mat part of the 
word ia from Dan. ditm, atapid. 

To DUMFOUTTER, v. a. The same with 
Dum/owukr^ Aug. 


DUMMYIS, 9. pi. 

— "Aaent the wrangwiaa withhaldin, apoliationn, 
9t awaytakin of the aaid ▼mqnhile Adamia gndia to the 
aonm of zri ditmmwU of gold, ix Inglia Hary nobillia^ 
ft a noUe of Roee,'^ Ae. Act. Audit., A. 1478, p. SO. 

Thia ia eridenUy a Tidoua orthography fdr demyii, 
V. DsxT. 




To DUMP, V. a. 1. To beat, to strike with 
the feet, Aug. 

!• A teim vied at taw, to*denote the punish- 
Bent aometiniei inflicted on the loser. He 
cl os es his fist, and the winner gives him so 
nanr strokes on the knuckles with the 

_1Ui k m ntarij allMd, both in woond and aeiiie, to 
jL Ifciiiyb ttaS it ■otBM WMJicaHy the lamo woid. The 
kftftv ii domed, aooofding to Skinner, firom ItaL 
rtnwlo u a p ower fu l end ■onowmeitroke. Thi^Mwell 
yths 8^ and E. Terba, are moet probably aUiedto Sw. 
immp dy radioa pa^;wie^ dioem-a, Tel dimpa^ praecepa 
ssdiiei Sens, to, TT km m p i, N. 

Dump, «. A stroke of this description, ibid. 

To Dump abayif v. «• To move about with 
short steps, Fife; the idea apparently 
boRDwed from the Aumping noise made 
with the feet 

To DUMP M, V. a. To plunge into ; q. to 
pnt in the dunipt. 

— *-*1liaj are poflbd m aad made more ineolent 

with tiM which. inatUe, hath diMUMd tn a deep aoRow 

1 tHM hearta of both the iUnda.'^ Forfa. DdL , p. 66. 

^Allied peihapa to Tent. doaij»-«n, Sn.-0. daanp^t^ 

DUMPH, adj. Dull, insipid, Buchan. 

Be earrij ia a hiTtltw aomph, 
Ihat loDa aboot the ingle dtoniiiA, 

Tamo^t Potmi, p. 14 

6«.4>. Stan* and Germ, dam, ia need in the aame 
a«aei a tn p id n a, atolidna. V. Duiir, v. preceding 

^DUMFLINa, 9. A thick bannock, made 
flf oatmeal and suet, boiled *among kail or 
broth, or in water, 

DUMPS, 9.pL A game at marbles or taw, 
^yed wiui holes scooped in the ground, 

Qffooe ^rea dmmp aa aignifyinf *'a deep liole of 
watari** nor. OL 

* DUMPS, 9.pL Mournful or melancholy 
tunes, Boxb. 

■videnily from the aignification of the E. word ; 
^■nee tending to throw the hearer into the damjw. 
Km ia need m the aaaM aenae by Sliakeapear. 

DUMPY, adj. Short and thick. It is also 
used as a «., S. 

**Bal we are fofgetting the lady. She waa a abort, 
h^ dmmpm woman, quite a handle of a body, aa one 
auvaajr.'^ Bbekw. Ma^.. Sept. 1619, p. 709. 

** Aiming at laat, within a few miles of Paris, my 
Pwtih fsDow-traTellers were amnaed with the appear- 
anea of a faiaty, ateady-looking British officer, in a drab 
ahooting Jacket, sqnatted on a dttmpey poney,— with 
UadoaBe barreled fowling pieoe in hie hand/ Soott'a 
PlHia Beria'ted in 1S15, p. &9. 

U. dbeaui^ aneillnla enasa at graria, O. Andr.,. p. 
Mw The p hr aas^ a ikMmpktg 6^, applied to a losty 

weIl|prown boy* onght perfaapa to be traced to theaame 


2. Expressive of coarseness and thickness; 
applied to cloth, Upp. Clydes. 

Dumpiness, «. 1. The state of being thick 
and short, S. 

8. Coarseness and thickness; applied to cloth, 
Upp. Cljdes. 

DUMSCUM, 9. A game of children, much 
the same as paUall, or the beds. 

DUM TAM, a bunch of clothes on a beggar's 
back, under his coat, S. B. 

Thisaeema to be a cant phrase, denoting that although 
this ia oarried aa beggars cany their enildren, it is a 

DUN, 9. 1. A hill, an eminence, S. 

*' Ihere are foor or Ato moats in different parte of 
the pariah : one of whieh, (iAe Daa of Boreland/, is 
▼eiy remarkable. ** P. Bonm Kirendbi Statist. Ace., 

"No wovd in the Engliah hngoage aocnrately deter- 
minee the form of that rising ground, which is known 
in Scotbmd by the Celtic term, dan." Statist Aoc., 
Tii. 615. 

2. A hiU-fort, S. 

**Dimf are very nvmerona, not only in thia, bnt in 
all parishes in the Highlanda. They are a row of laige 
atonee pnt together, generally in a circalar form, on 
the top of conapicnons hills, not far from, and always 
in sight o^ one another. — ^They are generally on hiUs 
of a conical fignre. . They are snppoaed to oaye been 
naed foe kindfing fiiee on, for the pnrpoee of warning 
the conntiy, and anmmoning the people to assemble 
for the common defence, on the sadden appearance of 
an enemy." P. Kilfinan Aigylee. SUt. Ace, ziv. 256. 

3. A regular building, commonly called ^ a 
Danish fort,** S. 

*'At Gsriaway, there ia a Danish fort, or doun^, 
with a doable wall of dry stone; it is perhaps the 
moot entire of any of the kind in Scotland ; it u yery 
broad at the bese^ and towarda the top contracts in 
the fonn of a pyramid ; the heiffht of the wall ia 30 
feet ; the fabric ta perfectly circnlar." P. Uig^ Lewis, 
Stat. Aco., six. 288. 

'*In tiie parish of Diomeee in Strathmore— is that 
aingolar builduig called the Ihm qf DornadiUa or 
OomadiUa's tower.'*— 

**The Dane or Tower of Domadilla, in the parish 
of Dinmes, on Lord Reav's estate, is situate in a place 
called Strathmore, on the eaat side of the river that 
runs through Strath, on a alopinjg; ffround. — ^The wall 
ia 7 feet thick. Thia wall ia divided into two : the 
outer wall ia 2 feet 9 inches thick, then a passage or 
opening betwixt the two walls 2 feet 3 inches ; the 
inner waU ia 2 feet thick.** Camd. Brit., iv. 106. 

Thia word baa the same signification in Celt, and 
A.-S. In Belg. daya ia a down or sandy hill. There 
ia no sufficient reason, therefore, to suppose that, 
whersTer thie tenn ia found in the composition of the 
name of a place in S., it must hare been imposed by 
the Celta. Jhmholm waa the A.-S. name of Durham, 
from flun^ mons, and Mm, insula amnica. There ia 
atill DaaiNoio in Essex, Dunttabie in Bcdfords., Dim- 
«0Jdb in Sussex, DnMrk in the Netherlands, &c., Ac. 
A.-S. dun-^as, the fairies of the mountains ; dun-tatias^ 
inhabitanta of the mountains ; dmt^^and, hilly ground ; 




OUmletrdtme, moant OUtH, Bfat. zxTi. 30. Somner, 
howwfw, Aod davwim, Tiew thia m radically a Celt. 
wocd. y. QecBi. Antiq., Lib. L e. ?• ii. o. ae. 

DUNBAR WEDDER, the name civen by 
•ome of the lower cksses to a salted herring, 

To DUNCH, DuNSH, v. a. 1. To posh or 
jog with the fist or elbow, S.; synon. 
punchy jundU. 

Uk eaddoeh bOlTliig o'ot tha grMB, 

Jkfainst Mild crammT nn : 
Tbe niieo brute nnieh atmeking dried [dree*d] 

IkM tw»>yMr-«Ilt and ttirluk 

IkmiMm'% Seatomt, pi 49. 

8. To push or jog in any way, S. A. 

*'*T« neadiia be dtauMm that gate, John,' oontinaed 
th« old lady, 'naebodjr aaya that ye ken whar the 
bmidy oomea from, and it wadna be fitting ye ahoald, 
■ndyMi th« queen's cooper. ' " Bride of I^mmermoor, 

"Bown lie tnmbled, vooet and all, on the backs of 
the nnoflending cowa. They, oniued to auch rough 
treatment, returned the compliment by lucking and 
A m Miwy, to the no small danger of the aatoniahed 
BBAtdens.** Dumfr. Courier, Sept 1823. 

3^ To posh as a mad bull; as, **a dunshin 

bill ; synon* Binning on^ Clydes^ Dumf r. 

This is precisely the aenae of Tent, dom-en; aa 
szplained by Kilian, pugno aive typhae clava in dorao 
perentere, nom danae, typha, clava typhae ; Su.-G. 
alm•-€^ com impetu et fragore procedere; duntha i 
hadbem, ad terram cum impetu prolabi, Ihre; from 
dmU, ictus. Thia is eridenUr aUied,. although not ao 
tntimately aa the Tout. v. Henoe^ 

DuKCH, DuNSH, s. A jog, a push with the 
elbow, S. V. the t. 

DuKCHiNO, DuxsHiNO, s. The act of pusliing, 
Dumfr., Galloway. 

DUNCH, s. One who is short and thick, S. 

DuNOHT, itdj. Squat, short and thick, S. 

DUNGY, adj. 

twok tiie JasttH knaTe in grain,— 
And a' bald ignorant anea, 
Such aa John Boaa, that donnart sooae. 
And Dan Duncanaon, that cfMiicjf* ghost, 
Oood Lord ddivtr hjl 

* ** What the meaning of the phraae dnncy ghott ia, 
I know not ; it ia new to me, and if it be not an error 
of the tranacriber, I ahall be obliged to any of my 
raadenforanexplanationofit'* iS&. Bee, iv. 106, 107. 

Mr. Thoa. Forraater, Miniater at Melroae, waa de- 
posed, 1638. 

Tliia seema to be the aamewith Donsie^ uaed in the 
sense of saucy, malapert. 

DUNDERHEAD, s. A blockhead, a num- 
skull. Loth., N. Apparently allied to 
Bedunder'd, Donnart, q. v. 

It may be obaerred, however, that Dan. dummfT- 
W I. ««^y .ynco.. ". 6^ Mockh^d." 

Jhtmderkead ia uaed in the aame aenae by modem 
playwrighta. A. Bor. dunderbuM ia aynon.; aigni- 
tying " a blockhead ;" Groae. 

DUNDIEFECKEN, s. A stunning blow, 
Ayrs.; the same with DandUfechan^ q.v. 

DUNG, part. pa. 1. Overcome by fatigue, 
infirmity or dusease, S. Y. DiNO, v., sense 6. 

2. Disconsolate, dejected; as, **He was quite 
dung^ he waa very much dejected. V. 
DiNO, v., sense 8. 

DUNGEON of wUf a phrase common in S^ 
explained in the following extract: — 

"Before Dr. Johnaon came to breakfaat. Lady 
Lochbuy aaid, ' he waa a dungeon of wit,' a rery com- 
mon phraae in S. to expreaa a profoundneaa of intel- 
lect^ thou^ he afterwards told me that he had never 
hiaafdit.*' BoaweU'a Jonm., p. 428, 429. 

It mnat be remembered, however, for the honour of 
our Scottiah intellecta, that the alluaion ia only to the 
depth, not to the darlLneaa of a dungeon. 

jhmgeanable, ahrewd, A. Bor. OL Oroae. 

DUNGERING, $. The dungeon of a castle, 
or place for confining prisoners. 

StoUin he baa the lady ying. 
Away with her ia ^a : 
And Mat her in hia dungering^ 
Qnhair licht ache micht aa nana. 

Fink, a. P. it, iiL, pi 190, at 8. 

V. Dottnyeovn, whence thia by corr. 

DUNIWASSAL, Duniwessle, Duin-was- 
8AL, 8. 1. A nobleman. 

I, Sir, of our DunitoeBtUt 
Stood out, like ^lingtoon and Caaaila, 
And othara, strinng to ait atill. 
Ware fbrc'd to go againat their wilL 

ObMCt Mock Poem, P. L, p. 57. 

2. A yeoman, a gentleman of secondary- 

Among the Highlandera, it aeema to denote a cadet 
of a family of rank, who raoeiyea hia title from the 
land which he occopiea, althou^ he holda it at the 
will of the chieftain. 

" He waa bom a <fMJii*i0eMaa/^ or gentleman ; ahe a 
▼aaaal or conunoner of an inferior tribe : and whilat 
andent mannera and cuatoma were religioualy adhered 
to b^ a primitiTe pe<^e^ the two claaaea kept perfectly 
unmixea in their allianoee." Churnet'a Tour, i. 200. 

Borland and hia man's coming. 
The Cam'rona and M'Leans coming, 
The Oordona and MHlrosor^a coming, 
A' the i>MiyMNutfcf coming. 

RUmm'o & aimg$, iL 55, 

"ie.. Highland lairda or gentlemen," Note. 

The moat ancient proof I have met with of the nae 
pf thia term ia in Pitaoottie*a Cron., Ed. 1814. 

"The Idngpaaaed to the Illea, — and caused many 
of the great Jfany vcuaalis to ahew thair holding, and 
fand mony of thame in nonentrie, and thairfoir an- 
nezit thame to hia awin crown." P. 357. 

Aa the deaoendanta of the falae prophet have the 
exduaive privilese of wearing the oreen turban, and 
aa a certain thread diatinguishea the Brahmina in India ; 
one to whom thia name belonged, had a right to wear 
'*a feather in hia cap^** in proof of affinity to hia 

'* Hia bonnet had a abort feather, which indicated 
his claim to be treated aa a Duinke" Wasoeli, or aort of 
gentleman.*' Waveriey, i. 233. 

Although vaia ia given aa a Gael, and Ir. word aig- 
nifying noble, atid vai$U as ita derivative^ I heaitate 





p«^ iff tiMM an Bol the Twy MOM with L. B. fOM- 
« MM wamal m», Far» m Da Cuiga obwrraa, Fotti 
tfM doBiMtkiy' or thoM who bekm^Bd to the 
of * kuiff or pnBoe. . The term ondoiibtedly 
WW 0. & gwtk, aenri, the pL of ywM^ 
fuBsfan. v. Boxhorn. In like Bumer Ar- 
ia ezpL bjr PeUetier, Taaaal, aerritenr; 
mmmmkL aarrilia. To thia aooroe haa the tem need 
Ij Fol7Mii% Oaemiae^ hired loldien, been tiaced ; 

Oem vaed br Senrina for thoae who are powerfnl 
kk hattlo. The leained Hickea derivea L. K. vom-m 

Ifoea-O. fads, which in composition- denotes the 
or maiiaflement of any hoainess ; as hMnda-fatU, 
ituioii. Krutk^adi, a bridegroom. This he oon- 
ridcn aa alUed to A.-S. /adAam^ ordinare, dispensare, 
ii ipo n a r e. He alao lefers to O.Dan, ftuui or faad^ 
aa oanotiBg tiie preaident of the supreme court in the 
OAatj idanda {Y, Fovd) ; adding, that in the bar- 
hanma a^sa the pt e fect s who were choeen from the 
■BBiatsn of emperors uid prinoea were called Thlt^fiMdL 
Ha tmoaa tiie word Vaamu to fad and teaie, a senrant, 
aa analognns to Mare^i^att^ ie. Mart'Seale^ the senrant 
who haa the charge of honea. V. Oramm. Fr. 
Tbaot, pu 90^ 100. 

3. A teniiy as I am inf onned, used to denote 

the bmer clau of fanners ; and generally 

in a contemptnoug way, Ayrs. 

dtdntf a maOt and wntoj, noMe^ weI14wni» 
mai§^ id. j whence «OMfa^ nobilitj, gentry. 

DUME, adj. Damp, Mearns. V. DoiOL 

DUHK, «• A monldj dampness, Roxb. 

DUNELE» «. 1. The dint made, or cavitj 
pfodnoedy by a blow, or in consequence of 
a fally S.O«; expL a dimple, Clydes. 

S. Used in a moral sense, as denoting an in- 
ptrj done to character* 

'^Ha fill in with her on her retnm- from her mat 
•dwrtm with the Dnke of York at London, — ^wnich, 
Vnl for open-hearted innooency, wooM have left both 
wmadm — - 

dmntki in her character." The Steam-Boat, 
Shall we Tiew thia aa a dimin. from Tent. ifieacNcI; 
Iraa limm^A-en, dwii^-m, oogero^ nrgere. 

DuiiKZiBT,jMifi»/Ni. Dimpled, dinted, Ayrs. 

'^Bohni haa gotten an awfol door on the broo^ we 
ttink hia hampan'a •anvsly dunkitt/' Sir Andrew 
Wjiia^ iii. »i. 

To DUNNER, Duvdeh, v. n. <" To make a 
noise like thnndery** OL Sibb. Y. Bkdun- 

Tbia ia laaderod perhapa mors accnimtely to clatter, 
*-** It gsid the divota stoar aff the hoQse riggins and 
caber ifimiwr." Edin. Mag., June 1820, p. 633. 

DuHHKBy #. 1. A thundering noise, Dumfr., 

His HsggT on his mind 
Did somstfmss gU a dttnner. 

iktrndaam's 3eamm§, pi 18L 

S. This is expL ** a short hollow thundering 
noise ; as, *< The duntur of a cannon^ the 
noise of a cannon heard at a distance, 

8. ExpL ** reverberated sonnd,** Dumfr. 

But a' this while, wl' moay a <f Maiwr, 
AnM gons were orattUng eff like thnnner. 

IrarM** AiM0r (Tun, p. 46. 

Tent, domfer, ionita% ruina cosli ; Kilian. Sn.-0. 
dwtder, atrepitus. It primarily denotes that noise 
caused by thunder. Alem. cfonrs, id. Dire Tiewa 
dona, strepere, as the origin ; synon. with A.-S. (fyn- 
cro, whence EL din, correiqponding to Belg. don, dame, 
JmL dun-ur, Sw. don, doen, id. 

DUNSEEE, 9. Apparently formed from E. 
Dunce^ to suit the rhyme of Brunswiet, 

He's bat a perfect dunaeke. 
If e'er he meant to oooie. 

To DUNT, v,a. 1. To strike so as to produce 
a dull, hollow sound, S. 

—He dwUed o' the kist, the buirds did flea 

Jawuemm's Popmlar SalL, L 801 

— — — The pliant foot 
Of saily pasMoger athwart the Tale, 
DmiiImi^, oppraeaiTe, on the ▼erdant path. 
Bestirs the tenants o* the leafy brae. 

DmUton's StatonMt pi 50. 

To Duni any thing out, oaed metaph. 
i. To bring any business to a termination, S. 

nen said the Squire, I wiss we had the priest, 
rm thinking Lindy's all thia time in jest ; 
We sod dwU out the boddom o't ere Lang, 
Nor Lindy mair bs chaigeable with wrang. 

Bdm*a BeUmon, p. 101 

But there is ae thing I'd hae dunied oui. 
And I nae mair sail say this threap about. 

Ibid, pi U& 

3. To come to a thorough explanation, when 

there has been a previous umbrage ; to go 

over the grounds of dissatisfaction that one 

has with another, and make an end of it, S. 

Here there seema to be an allnaion to the act of 
atriking upon a cask, till the bottom be driven out. 

Dune and duntit on, a proverbial phrase, 
sometimes applied to an object that is com- 
pletely done^ i.e. has ceased to exist; at 
other times to a person greatly worn out by 
fatigue, S. 

The aame idea ia often expressed, in a rery unfeel- 
ing manner, in reply perliape to the queation, *' la such 
a person deed?" "Dead! aye, he's dead anddtaiied 
on," ThM ia nearly as brutal as the low E. phrase, 
which undoubtedly has had ita origin at Tyburn or the 
Old BaUey, "All alive and kicking.'' 

It aeema to refer to the nailing down of a coffin, by 
meana of the strokee of a hammer, without the use of 
Bcrew-naila, or to the noise made by the ahovelling of 
the momlds on it in the grave. 

8u.-0. duni, ictua ; laL <fyR, dunda, tono, dun-a, 
reeonars^ from djfn-an, strepere, to din. Thus it 

2)pears, that, as in S. the term sugQgests the idea of 
e eound emitted, it has originally included the self- 
aame idea ; whence dtnl-iir, concuasatio ; A.-S. djfni, 
ictoa. Ihrs views Lat. tundo as a cognate term. 

To DuNT otif, V, a. Used in a literal sense^ 
to drive out by repeated strokes, S. 

*' But fearing the wrathful ram might dunt out the 
bowels, or the braina, if he had any, of the young 
cavalier, Ihey opened the door, and ao delivered him 
Iraa ita hona.'^ B. Gilhaiae, iL 220. 




To DuxT, «• 11. To beat, to palpitate. 

iff AiorffowAM^K 8.1 Biy heart be»tiTidentlj. 
Ai OTTO my iMtit wQl M'«r gl'e o'«r to dmUf 
TBI is * &£ tv-baml Mmm m banit 

JUmm^t Fotmt, IL 17L 

Ok^balfyt ImppoM^ (mnf. 

B«l wf ftfwgt thdr iMttts bad climlfli 

lAaanyBMlL ^.^ 

. Skin%ft Foem$t pi SO. 

iiilMd of thia v., dwiH a deriratiTe from duni^ 
if iMd m SiL-G. Hieriai d%mkar, oor palpttatg id. 
U. v. V«nL, p. 54. 

To Plat ditkt, to palpitate, from fear. 

Lnd Maw the itorm,— bat tbea tha gbaift again 
na blaat Oaroa blattarin' ratUed in bia lugs, 
Wm hmHfUiifd dtuU wi' mony a dowia thoogbt. 

Dinrr, Doumt, «• 1. A stroke, such especially 
as causes a flat and hollow sound, S. Doug. 
uaea IhmL Y • Bellan. 

Ana nthar atait npon bla faf L 
And nUd. Tbow art oor blunt 
Tb tak aik oflloa npoon band ; 
— — thow aanrita ana ^huU 

iWb Id OU P&iy, at la. 

Iba Uag kana tbia : Toor baavy naivea 

Gold mookla dumU can deal : 
Wi* aouaga and goid eonnaal, wa 

On wnng ow CMa mair laaL 

in tbia aanaa by R. Olonc. :— 

Wytb baid dmU k giat yra to aadare intbtba bil ooma. 
—And OByta ajtbar otbar bar s tbar, k bard duntet casta. 

P. 186. 

2. Tlie sound caused by the fall of a hard 
bodj that in some degree rebounds, S. 

I aai indablad to n firiend, from the twrih eoMfif Hie, 
for pir ■>*«■»£ oat to ma tbe nioa abadaaof differance ba- 
I tbia and tba aignification of tbnt of aoma otbar 
■aad to danota tbe aound caoaad by a fall. BeC" 
aipcaaaaa tba aoond prodnoad by a body tbat falla 

a nunUing or dattarinff aound, Banfia. Yaghin, 

(gBtl.) tfaa Bound eaoaed by tna fall of a loft bnt beavy 
body, aa of a man falling from a conaiderabla beigb^ 
flad. Claal, tfaa fall of any. aoft or flaccid aubatanoa, 
aaof mad, 8. 

3. Palpitation of the heart. 

Dor fbar aba oem^fd Uka maakin in tba saat, 
And dtmi for dwU, bar baart began to baat. 

Rott^i Udayom^ p. S9L 

In tbia aanaa wa spaak of a dnnt prooaading from 
lona^ 8. 

Ok rowt tba twa gafa tbwait tba bnm 

Gam o'ar bar baart a duni : 
BiratbfaHan waa aa doof to lofa 

Aa an aabl cabbaga-ront 

Iknidmm't Seatomt, p. 08. 

4. A flibe, an insult ; also a slanderous false- 
hood, Ayrs. 

U. dmiU, % stroke givan to tbe back or breaat, ao aa 
to piodaoa n aonnd, altboogli there be no effuaion of 
. bloods Var^ 

Duimxo, #• A continued beating, so as to 
cause a hollow sound; such as that pnn 
dooed by a wooden instrument, or by a 
stroke on wood, S. 

TUB word fraqoantlvaipifiaib not tha atxikingonly, 
bat tbe aoond caoaad oy it. 

" Wa ware oompalled to f ortifia tbe doora and ataira, 
and be apeetatora of tbat atraoga horiy body for tha 
apace of an boor, beholding with torch-light forth of 
the Doka*a Qallerr, their reeling, their rumblin|^ with 
halberta, the clacking of their colyarina and piatoli, 
the dtmiiag of mella and hanunen, and their crying 
forJnatioa> Melvfl'a Mem., p. 197. 


At A DuifT, adv. Unexpectedly, Stirlings. ; 
q. with a sudden stroke ; synon. in a rap. 

DuNT-ABOUT, s. 1. A bit of wood driven 
about at Shinty or similar games; synon. 
Kittig^^ Boxb. y. DuNT, v. 

2. Any thing that is constantly used, and 
knocked about as of little value ; as, an old 
piece of dress used for coarse or dirty work, 

. ibid. 

3. Sometimes iq>plied to a servant who is 
roughly treated, and dunted abc/ui from one 
piece of work to another, ibid. 

DnNT,#. A large piece, Ayrs.; synon. ./iinf. 

Waa wertb*t t a dunt o* aoowtbait cbaMa 

Stock on a prong, be coakin' 

An' tbo' bit taath wi' tenor cbattco^d. 

Hia eager cbafta wi' elaivar water'd. 

Ih$ Twa RaU, Piekm's Fo€m$^ I 61 

Allied periiapa to Fria. cf icyn-an, tomeaoera, q. what 
ia awellea op. 

DUNTER, 8. A porpoise, Porcus marinus, 
Teviotdale ; apparently a cant term. 

DUNTEB-OOOSE, #. The Eider^uck, 
anas mollissima ; Linn. Dunter goo$e^ Sibb. 
Scot, Lib. 3, p. 21. 

They haTe plenty both of land and aea fowla t aa 
Ea^ea, Hawka, Ember-Qooae^ CUik-Qooae, DwiUr* 
Ooose, Solen-GcMMe." Brand'a Orkn., p. 21. 

Hallager givea dunme aa the Norw. name of a dock 
with a broad bill. 

Perhapa q. dun'-eider gooae, the gooaa which baa 
cUier dowm; or So.-0. <fiiis down, and locr-cK to gnaw, 
whence E. tear, beeaoae it plocka the down from ita 
bceaat aa often aa it laya ita egga. 

DUNTY, 9. «* A doigr," Gl. Ramsay. 

To DUNYEL, v. n. To jolt, as including the 
idea of its being accompanied with a hollow 
sound, Upp. Lanarks. 

conTeya neariy the aame idea with DiaUt of 
which it U moat probably a proTindal variety. Ar* 

mor. timUot aignifiea tinnire^ to tingle. 

DUR, Dure, t. Door. 

Scbo gat bym wytb>in tba dure, 

IFyntown. vilL 11 Ol 
A.-S. dure, Alem. laL dor, Moea-O. damr. Belg. 
deur» lal. djfm, door. 

DURANDLIE, adv. Continually, without 
intermission ; from Fr. durante lasting. 




At vIM Ufv Ml of th« drt ttiilU ABd itnva, 
1W Mp AitWMllJ^ dnif Ib Boay deip dell. 

DUSOT,a4^* Thick, gross. Loth., as a durgy 
'. wMoif me who is squat and strongly made. 

te liUls doahi that this is origiiuUly the 
with U. dnmg^f dtnana, Jvgiter Tigeos. l>rifg, 
hL dtargmr^ idkj fdlow. 

DUBK,«. 'Adi^;ger, 8. 

WWI ilsnihtw Buid* I wf my durk^ 
' BsiptdoB't troop ! 

IWau Mi tk$ Bmhan DiaUd, p. SOL 

^ it appeuB^ that an oath takm by a High- 

of Us dint WW reckoned more tacred than one 

in any otiier form. 

''Hslunttd tiist ho liad been amplovad to deUver 

y tol sflt WQta ;— b«t ho would not conieae by whom, 

silngwei thai though ho wooid not have minded break- 

ly any sidinaiy oath to aatiafy the enriouty of Mr. 

MsrtOB,— ■§■ the p re —n t case he had been sworn to 

■knee wpam At mge ^ kU dirk, which, it eeema, con- 

slitsled^ in his opinion, an hiviolable obligation.'' 

WvmiAv, ISL 900. 

— ** He took the engMement— in the only mode and 
fom, whiehf hj s SMnuJ paction with himetilf, he con- 
sidend as bmnfnfc — ^iie swore secrecy upon iia drawn 

mfk" md., pulse. 

. It was eoatoaary with the northern nations in 

gSBsnl So swesr on their arms. Dn Can^ge, to /k- 

rsrs^ Si^'ss * Tsriefy of examples. Ammianos Mar- 

"" saTS» that the Quadi, "having diavm their 

saiMlis mmerombuB, or exposed the ooints of 

swetd^ which they worshipped for oiTinities, 

that they wonU be fiuthfttl.^ Lib. xvii. The 

Disass and Saeei «sed a similar rite. We learn from 

Unhavd, A. Bll* that the former Tiewed their oaths, 

tahsB in ttis manner, as alone binding. In oar old 

fbsert Inwa^ e. 10^ it is permitted to a stranaer, who 

had iflsosaatl^ eatered into a forest, or was found on 

aiaaa paohihrtsd, to puge himself by swearing tuper 

DM kased in the same sense by E. writers. Br. 
'^^^ ""^ ttis ia *'an Earae word.^ Shaw mentions 

Bat Uiayd seems to have been a 
stfsnger So itb Sibh. expL drnrk, "properly concealed 
dsgflsr. Teat, dokk, sica ; from Sw. doiia, ceUure^ 
•seabsia.* IS is not improbable that it is radically a 
*Qoth. wotd^ sspedaDy as IsL ilaar signifies a sword. 

T^IHntK, V. a. 1. To stab with a dagger, S. 

Had H net bsfli Ibr the life^nsid, 

the woald have dmrkt him, when the saw 

Be keeped so the Laird hi aw. 

CMsmTs Amu^Pi is. 

**I «Mm^ el the RathTens that were dirked in 
thsfr aia fioas^* for it may be as smaU a forfeit'' 

S* To Sicily to rain, S. ; atiet^vvnoiL Dirkeia 

used in the same sense by Spenser. 

Mr. Todd seems |astiy to remark ; ••In tnith, it 
■svar was ased in this sense ; and in the passage which 
ha citss froas Speaser, it means to darken, to obecure." 

]>UBK, Dirk, adj» Thick set, strongly made, 
Bodii. This seems originaUy the same with 
- Dmtgjff id., q. t. 


V. a. 


Thai Aonfem and dart. 


To afifright,'' Knk. 

in the delles 


Perhaps this a. mair signify to chace ; as a frequen- 
tative mm IsL darl^ yelociter ambiUare ; at taka 
tig darkt, iactabnnd^ ferri ; q. to cause to run. Thus 
durken and dart may be " chase and afinght." 

Sibb. writes this also ** darken; q. eiribm, from eiry, 
fearfuL" This is by no means a natural etymon. 

Dart here seems the same with dtrt, to hurt. It is 
also probable that durken conveys the same idea : the 
one being formed from A.-S. <KMr-taa, dtT'-ian; the 
other from der^ioM, nooers. 

To DUBNAL, v. n. Used to denote the 
motion of the cheek, when a flabby person 
runs or walks fast, Ayrs. 

It seems connected with Fr. joumalier^ as ased in 
the phrase, an homme iaurnalier, "an inconstant or 
fickle-headed fellow ;" Cotgr. ; q. diumalier. 

To pURR, V. a. To deaden or alleviate 

Edn ; as is done by the use of laadanum, 

Su.-0. IsL dur, somnus levis, dur^ per intenralla 
donnire ; or Sn.-0. door-i^ infatuare. 

DURSIE, adj. Obdurate, relentless, hard- 
hearted, Ayrs. 

GaeL ifierrofiwA, froward, rash ; A.-S. dynUg^ aa- 
dax, temerarin% £tom dyrr-an, to dare. 

DURT, s. Dirt 

" The rewarde of a faithfull apostle shall not be the 
duri of this earth, (for as ni^pgara as men are of it :) no^ 
it shall not be his manse, his gleab^ two or three chal- 
ders of Tiotnall, or an hundrew markes. — ^He will not 
wishe ought of the duri of the earth, but their owne 
selues, whom he will professe as the rewarde of his 
faithfull calling to his euerlasting joy." Bollock on 1 
Thes., p. 100. 

This had been used in O. E., as Junius gives durt aa 
wen as dirt. It is the pronunciation of the word in 

[DUR WARTH, s. Door-ward, i.e. doorkeeper, 

gatekeeper. Barbour, iii. 101, Skeat's £d« 

A.-S. dum, a door, iword^ a keeper. GaeL dortu, 
a door, /ear, a man.] 

To DUSCH, V. a. 1. To rush, to move with 

On theme we ichont, and in thar myd rout dutchii, 
Hewit. hakkit. tmyto donn, and all to fruachit 

Tliay feyGregioans. 

Imimos, Yiig. Doug. FtiyiZ, SL 63. 

The fleaad lehaft Italians to bis hart 
GUdaiKl, throw out theacUre are dutehii sons. 
VoUt y iig. ix. 89a. /»ul.,808.7. 

8. To make a noise in consequence of motion, 
to twang. 

The flans flaw Cut with ane sprang fira the string. 
Throw out the wame and eDtfelUs all but stynt. 
Hie schsip hedit schaft dutehit with the dynt 

Doug. rirgU, 22&. L 

Fsrqne utemm smiIm perque ilia Tenit anmdo. 

Virg. fii. 489. 

3. To duseh doun. To fall with a noise. 

Donn duaekit he In dede threw all forloirt. 
The wann blode Auth bokkand of his ooist 

Doug. VirgU, 291. 18L 
Rndd. renders this, to fall upon, to attack ; obsenr- 
inff that it is much the same with E. daeK To this 
Siohk assents; adding^ "from Dan. dati:, a btow, or 




•MMk.** Birt M iIm* if allied to thk Daau tarm, and 
alio to 8a.-0. liaiifc^ to atrike^ to baat; our wotd ia 
Ur man analofloiia to Qann. doi-tm, atrq;»itaiii adera, 
agatiaado^ caqandot eomodob ▼«! alio Qvo^ia modo; 
Waehtor. Tkia ia naariy tha aama with Tent does-em, 

pnlaaia eiim impato at naoora ; Kilian. To thia cor- 
laaponda laL lAofa-«, Aaa-tf, CAyani, tamultaoaa 
p nmm% i VaveL TAa tktuU homier ai hmgi; Tom 
roatiai eiim alrapita padam promovebaat Taimua regem ; 
~~ ' Ki^ T. L, p. 140. y. tlie a. 

DusOHE, •• I. A fall; M including the crash 
madebjr it. 

Tbe Unaiid towiia doan lollii witli ana nucha, 
Qakil aU tha iMmajfa djalit with tha dM#cA<. 

- Da«f. FiryO, 898. 81 

^*— 'Qpaiaia tosaK ciBiia.^^aflowfc 

. Ftfyilx.641. 

S. A stroke, a blow. 

w ith BMBX laacha and duaehe 
Tha aMlHla MMta thair han ftit in tena. 

Lang. Vir^a, 1S2. 291 

Barboar aaaa it aa ayaan. with dpiU. 

—Hap tiiat ia hla ateiapjB itad^ 
With tha as, that wai haid and gud, 
With ta flat mayaa raaeht h jm a </yn/, 
That nauyr hat na halm anTcht itTnt- 
Tha hawT dtueke, that ha him gave. 

Athm, zU. «. V. alfo ziiL 147. 

WjBto<WB wiitoa it dw^fkB, 

Than thai kyid an dwifh§ tot dwyks. 
Many a laau and mony a hnrha. 

Cnm. liii. 16L 119. 

S0.-0. dmd^ tnnmltaa. fragor; laL thffs, Alem. thw, 
dm; dero muUomo dot, fragor andanim. It ia evidantly 
tha aama wocd that ia now pronounoad Dojfce, douM^ 
q. T, 

DUSCHET, DU88IE, «. << A sort of mnsical 
ingtmmentjprobablj the daueeU of Lydgate, 
or daueed <tf Chaucer.** OL Sibb. 

IVa Haliglat aona hatd thif time, 
Ha tanad aia dtunt for a spring. 
Z tg m d Bfk 8L AndniM, P^ewu SixUetUh Cent, p. 81& 

Ootigr . mantiona Vr. dotutaine, a certain mnaical 
inatnmiant i from Lat^ liafeii^ aa in latter timea dul' 

DUSCHET, DusscB, #. An indorsement, a 

Bat for to tan what test he tnka 
Dyaaitja DuscAti wat the baike.— 
Ha-«at his UUen in hli hand. 
Ihii Seand done, aa I haTe said, 
Tpen his duaekei vpe he played, 
Oavaad the man so many terroria, 
• That hrocht him in a thousand enoris. 
That Ibr his lyfe was no reroeid, 
Olf he abaid the bw hat deid. 
Tha pair man, being Aetd, for fair 
Gafa him tha land, and gat na seir. 
I^^ami; Jdn SL AndroU, Foems JXxteentA Cent,, p. 812. 817. 

Wt, dommeTf to 

To DUSH, V. a. ** To push as a ram, ox, 
Ac.** S. dof«, **to toss or push like an ox,** 
S. B., GL Grose. 

I l^tofn'd as eerie's rd been (ImM V 
In aaam wild glen. 

BwmM, ilL 101. 

Thia ia moat nobably aUied to Teut doea-en, and 
8ii.-0. doa^. V. DcacH, r. lal. dusk^a, varbara at 
▼aiba dnra infllgo ; G. Andr.« p. 47. 


DUSHILL, #• A female who performs her 
work in a very slovenly way, Ayrs. 

Thia aaaasa to be a wocd of northern axtiaot. laL 
ifMsiU^ aarma ; pcobably from ifMs-o, cabara anhalitiia 
et feaaua, to racfine biaimilesa and fatigued ; cf aao, talia 
incubatio; G. Andr. O. Tent, dutfae, ooncabina. Per- 
hapa dujfugk, demrngk, atopidpa, azanimia, and dutftd* 
en, manto at animo pertnrbari, haTe a conunon origin ; 
aa wall as A.«& Aaoee; hebaa, atoltna, obtuana. 

To DusHiix, V. o. To disgust, ibid. ; -ap- 
parently from the display of slovenliness. 

DUST, «. A tumult, an uproar, S. 

" I dinna hen, aiir, — ^there'a been nae alectton-cfaefa 
lately, and the lairda are vnoo neidiboarly, and Jock 
and I oannagat them to yoke the^Uier about it a' that 
wa ean aay.*'^ Ony Mannerini^ ii. 275. 

Thia at ficat Tiew mis^t aeem to be a metoph. use of 
E. duai, in the aama manner aa S. sfotir denotea both 
if Nil and a fig^t or broiL But the E. 'word dtuft waa 
narer ao muSi oaed in ita aimpla aenaa in S. aa to aog- 
gaat the idea of a metaph. one. 

The term ia pcobably the aama with Sa.-0. (fast; 
Id. SiL-O. dffti, tnmnltna, fragor. It also denotea a 
tonxnamenti prdium aqneatre, decnrsos toroeamenti; 
beeaoaa of tae bceaking or eraah of weapona. Isl. 
MysiL atrepitna, tamoltua; GL Landnam. S. TAjrs, 
id. alao tnrfaa, <Aj|a4a, mere, tomultuari ; G. Andr., 
p. 289. Dmti, indeed, baa evidently the aama origin 
with the ▼. Dmatk^ q. ▼.. 

To Dust, v. n. To raise a tumult or uproar, 

Aa IbL thf, rocre ap onding to Sa-G. dy$t, duU, aig- 
nifiea tomnltaa, atrepitna, tM t. CAys-to, preit. thut, la 
landerad proniaca^ to bceak out. 

DUST of a milL The beard of the kernel or 

rin, produced by taking off the outer rind. 
Tent, dbefl, <{iiy«<, duat^ fine flour, simila, 
pollen; Kilian. 

"Thair ia ana greit aboaa rait be meil-makeria, — 
in cansing grind the haill aittia and achilling, and 
making mair meiU in ana boll greit aittis nor ana boll 
maiU; oohaixthrow tha haill aubiectiB susteinis greit 
loae and akayth in pajring alsa deir for dfui and seidia 
as gif the aamyn wea gnid maiU : — ^the maist pairt 
thauof being <l«sC and a^Ua." Acto Ja. VL, 1598* Ed. 
1814, p. 179. 

" Some of tha dtui and aheeling aeeda, bnt not mnch 
of tha aheeling aeeda, is left at the milL** Abatnct» 
Proof, Mill of InTaramaay, A. 1814, p. 2. 

DUST of lint, the particles which fly from 
flax when it is dressed, S. ; synon. stuj^. 

Tent. doHBl, ayaon. <foeif, lanogo lintei. 

DUSTIE-FUTE, Dustifit, a. 1. A pedlar, 
or hawker; **ane merchand or creamer, 

Snha hes na certain dwelling place, quhair 
le dust may be dicht fra his feete or 
schone,** Skene. 

2. A stranger, one who is not resident in a 
countiy; eqiuvalent to Fairand^man. This 
is only a secondary sense; for Skene says 
that the term apeciallU denotes ^ ane mer- 
chand,^ &c. 





^AMdajbdqgMiteMdtotlie pwrtiM beth«Uir 
d fiiiiBad-BMii, or /)im</kI; for oompeiranoe in oout ; 
|iftlMpitMW«riialiMiit«ltlM«U7, heMllbe in mm 
MMnriuMBiL tin* his oImm and action t Mid th« 
Maadm mil pMM tnm, and be 6«olyied." Borrow 
' Imtm, e. 14QL 

& ft is used still more obliqaely, in the sense 
. dfrorelnr. 



Bm dftaM IBM of thMA to tdn, 

4Mft. OMBy BaflL. p. 41. 

This tHOi is ondontly s litend tnuislAtion of Fr. 
pki pomdrma, whieh, m tlio editon of Diet. Trar. 
q h iMii L M dtt dM Taoabondi et det ^tnuigen inoon- 
■■% woo s appelUi dans In Immo Lntinito, Pedepul- 
mnm: oo qoi m diioit portionU^ranient dea Merehnndfl 
qai Tnnoiont tnfiqnar dnna lea Foirea. A particnUr 
ooot WW appointed to take oogniaance of all canaea in 
wUdi tliey were concerned. Thia in O. E. ia called 
- Fkj p &wd e r ; m Jhuiif'/uie ia need in the aame aenae aa 
infiC v. Spehnan and GoweL 

DusTiE-fMELDEBi #. The kst qnantitj of 
min sent to the mill, for the season, bj a 
fanner, S. DUty MdUer^ Aberd» V. 

ttimbozpL thiotannaa alao aignifyin^ "made an 

' oi^" Aberd. It ia probably oaMl in tbia aenae, be- 

^ tlie mMer thna denominated ia tbo iMt of the 

DUSTIE-MILLER, «. The plant Auricula, 
so denominated from the leaves being co- 
Tered with a whitish dust ; Loth., Meams. 

[DUTCHPEERES, s. V. Dowchsperis.] 

DUTCH PLAISE, the name given on the 
Fritli of Forth to the Pleuronectes Platessa. 

**P. P1ataaaa» Ploiae. Thia ia one of the moat oom- 
■MB ol oar flai fiah. When amaU ther are called 
JIMb; wbaa hrge IhHek Flaim.*' Neill'a liat of 
~ " pi 11. 

T!p DUTE, Dutt, v. n. To dose, to slumber, 
to be in a sleepjr state, S. B« It is generally 
nsed in this connexion* To dutt and Bleep. 

J% i^peara that tbia ia the aame with E. doU, Rol- 
the phraacb " doU and aleep." 

** A dranken bodie ia av doting and aleeping; for the 
aaea of him are ao boraened with aorf et he can doe 

■othing but ly downe and aleepe." On 1 Thea., p. 249. 
laL doU^ dnloem aomnnm capere, to nod from 

deep; YeroL Belg. dmU-tm, to aet a nodding. £. 

doitt althoa|;h diileraitb eeema to be from the aame 

lool^ iHdoh la laL daa^ deUqniam. 

I>I7T, e. A stupid fellow. Atdd dui is a 
phrase applied to one enfeebled hy ace, 
especially if the mental faculties oe 
impaired, S. B. 

Ban. dotde^ atnpidna; Qoth. daUt^ animi romiaaiob 
Belg. dtd^ ddirinm, tf Mtt-en, deliraro ; whence E. dott 
tmddatmd. Y . the pteoeding v. and Doir, Donrr. 

DUTHE, adj. <«Substantial,efficient, nourish- 
ing lasting.^ OL Surv. Nairn. 

The final e ia not aoonded. Tlie wocd ia pronounced 
as if written doolA. 

Thia word ia oertatnly ol northern origin ; and may 
moat probably be traced to laL dvtg^ in prot. dugde, 
praeataro virtute^ Talero anfficientia; dSffd, virtoa; 
O. Andr., p, 5i. 8u.-0. d^gd, A. -8. dugiUu Belg. 
ileM^ id., 8n.-0. dt/gdigt Tirtuoana. The A.-S. term 
alao denoted the daaa of noblea. Ineed aearoely add. 
that it baa a common origin with E. domghti/t aa well 
of aignification. 

DWABLE, D WEBLB, adj. 1. Flexible, lim- 
ber. The limbs are said to be dwable^ when 
the knees bend under one, or the legs have 
not strength to support the bodjr, S. 

And now for ikat and mister ahe wet iipent, 
Aa water weak, and dwdAi like a bent. 

Romf» HUenerf, pi 25. 

2. Weak, feeble, infirm ; generally signifying 
that debility which is indicated by the 
flexibleness of the joints, S. 

Bat wi* a jwAi Oib made hia qoeet 
Aa dwtMoU aa a flail : 
And o'er fell be, maiat like to neet. 
Ckrisimaa Ba'img, Skiniu^'s Mite. Poet,, pi 1201 

[3. As a #., still used, as ^ He's just a dwable 
o* a bairn,'* i.e. he is a weak, helpless child, 

Thia ia aometimea prononnced DwabU^ Loth. 

Fancy might diaoover a atronf reaemblance to Lat. 
da6i(-M, feeUe. Bnt moet pobably it ia merely acci- 
dentdL It might be derived from A.-S. twe-fiald^ 
duplex, were not tbia word alao need in a aenae nearly 
allied ; it being aaid of one, who, from weakneaa or 
habit, doee not walk erect, that he oaiif^ iwqfcUd, It 
may, however, be merely Sn.-0. duobd, doable. 

DWAFFIL, adj. Weak, pliable; opposed 

to what is stiff or firm; ^as dwaffil as a 

clout," Fife. In tliis county Dwabte is also 

used ; but it strictly signifies, destitute of 

nervous strength. 

JhoafU ia aynon. with Jhoabk and W^ in other 
parte of 8. 

To DWALL, V. n. To dweU, S.; pret. diaaU. 

Hie Maw, whom ev'n the tbooght appala, 
Hiea aff whera cootemplation dwalU, 

Ma^fn^t OUugoWf p. 16L 

Hera they d mmO, like Cain and Abel ; 
Twa fine atinaha bktt their boor. 

A. Seottt Foemtf 1811, p. 177. 

Thia moat neariy reaemblee the form of the word in 
the northern languagea. Alem. dwaUen^ Sa.-G. <fioa^a, 
Dan. dwal-er, &o. morari, conctari. 

DwALLixo, e. Dwelling, South of S. 

'« DwalUng^ dwelling ;" 01. Siller Gun. 

It baa been juatly obaerved, that the Scota almoat 
alwaya pronounce ehort e aa broad a, aa Iwa/, for 
Iim/m, Witt for toeU, wot for wet, wAoa for when, &c 

DWAJ^f, DwAUM, e. A swoon, S. V. 


— " Hir Majeetie bee bene aick thir aex dayia bypaat, 
and thia nicht hee had anm dwaiimea of awooning^ 
qnhilk pnttia men in anm fair." Lett. Council of 8. 
to Abp. of Glaagow, Kei^'a Hiat., App., p. 1S3. 

I auapect that A. Bor. deom ia corr. from thia. 
Oroae de6nea it, *'an nndeecribed diaorder, fatal to 
children." When a child ia aeiied with aome undo- 




§aahU aflmcBti H is oonunoo to My *'It'i Jutt aonie 

To DwAUM, 9. a. To fade, to decline in 
health. It is still said in this sense, Hi 
duHMuntfd awojf^ Loth* Y • the a. 

To DWANG, If. a. 1. To oppress by too 
mnch labour ; Dwan^d with toarkj S. B. 

8. To bear a bnrden, or draw, uncoaallv. One 
horse in a plough, or one ox under the yoke, 
is in this casei said to dwdng another, o. B. 

8. To harass by ill-humour, S. B. 

It is rendered, "to beng^ vmnqoiah or OTeroome,'* 
Shivr OL ^ ^ 

Belg. if irai^-«fi| to foroe, to oonstnun ; Teal dwmgh' 
m, eogere, domftre, impellere; et arctare; dmng- 
dimui, aenritna ooacta; Kilian. Belg. dwang, force, 
oonatraint. A.-S. twmg'On, to force ; Alem. duuing-an, 
ikmttmg'On, Sq-G. twing-a^ id. alao to preea, to itraiten. 

lid. k^ringa, to force, to compel.] 

Shirr, meatioiia dwang*d aa aignifyiag "bowed, 
deerepid,'' OL 

To DwANO, V. n. To toil, S. B. 

Mt §iart» and tknwi^rom kirn Au ikearM, thimhU, fcc 
T^aah, hence frae me, naa mair wi' you Fll dwang. 
Fia In aaither wari' be e*er lang: 

Moriiom't Poems, p. 176L 

DwANO, #. 1. A rough shake or throw, S. B. 

To gar our bed look hale and neighbour-like, 
Wr i^eeeome ipeed last week I span a tike. 
To mak it oat my wheel got moay dwang. 

Moriwn's Poau, p. 167. 

2. Toil, labour, what is tiresome, Abcrd. Y. 
example under what is misprinted Adwano. 

3. A large iron lever, used by blacksmiths for 
screwing nuts for bolts, Hoxb., AbenL, 
Meams.; synon. Pinch. [A stout club, or 
bar of wood, used by carters for tightening 
ropes. Clydes.] 

[4. Transverse pieces of wood between the 
joists to strengthen the floor, and prevent 

Vnm Teot. dweng^en, co^re, becaase of the force 
employed in the aae of thia matroment. 

To TuBN the DwAKO. Tltming the Dwang, 
is a pastime among men for the trial of 
strength. The person, who attempts to 
turn the dwang, holds it by the small end, 
and endeavours to raise the heavy end from 
the ground, and to turn it round per- 
pendicularly; Meams. 

DWAUB, «• A feeble person, a term 

generally applied to one who has not 

strength in proportion to size; as, She's 

weel grown, but ehe*e a mere dwaub, Ang. 

Thia aa ft e. conTeya the same idea with the adj. 
dwohU^ pron. dteauhle. It cannot well be lapposed 
that the former haa been abbreviated from the latter. 
Yet I do not aee any radical term to which cfieoM^ can 

be referred ; nnleaa wo ahoold Tiew it aa allied to tha 
prolifio root, laL daa, deliqaiam animi« whence liggia 
i dm, in deliqoio jaoera. Y . Daw, Da, «. and Dwtbb. 

To DWINGLE, v. n. To loiter, to tarrv, 

— Ahia' the lafe oft did T dwinaU. 
To patch thee weel wi' eident pin|^ 
By winter'fl cinder Hiding ingle, 

Wi' painfUpUglit ; 
And alien tied thee with a lingal, 

Fa' firm and tight 

^. &ott'«iVeMe,pil01 

Probably from E. danglt, or the laL aynon. drngt-a^ 
motari pendena. 

To DWINNIL, V. a. The part. pa. of this 
V. is most commonly used. Dmnnili cut of 
a thin^, deprived of it, or prevented from 
obtaimng possession, by means of cozenage; 

Thia aeema merely an obliqae oae of E. dwindle, 
Aa the E. v. aignifiea to wear away, to diminiah ; it 
haa been tranaferred to the meana of diminution, and 
primarily applie4 to each thinga aa generally disappear, 
perhapa in oonaeqaenoe of oeing given piecemeaL 
Thna he, whoee property dwmdlA nwa^, might say, 
that he waa dwmndt oat of it, aa reterrinff to the 
cajoling, or otherwise artfnl, meana employeoT to |;ain 
poeaeaaion, which at length iwued in ita total alienation 

D>VN, pret. of the v. Do. 

Thia word ia freqaently oaed by Wynt. aa the prtL 
or part, pa., like A.-S. don, which admiUof Tarioua 
eenaea in which the E. ▼. do ia not oaed. Inpreeowne 
dwn, killed in prison: 

Edwanl cald of Camarwen — 

Takyn icho gert be licht swne. 

And gert hym in preaowM depe be dwnM, 

Wyniown, TiiL &..40. 

DWNE OF DAW, dead, deceased. V. Daw. 

DWYBEJ, $. " An over-tall slender person,** 
Gl. Picken ; Ayrs. V. Dwaub. 


To DWYNE, V. n. 1. To pine away, to 
decline, especially by sickness, S. 

When death approaches, not to dwine, bat die ; 
And after death, blest with felicitie ; 

These are my wishes. 

A. NieoTe Poeme, 1739, e. 100. 

2. To fade, applied to nature. 

The breexe naa od'roos flsToor brings 

Free Borean caTe, 
And dwgnin Nature droops her wings 

Wi' vissge sraTe. 

rerguemm'e Poems, iL IL 

3. To decline, in whatever respect, S. 

The staik indeed ii unco' great, 
Bat name Ulysiies to it anes, 
The worth qaite dwinea sway. 

Poema in tk^ Buchan Dialect, p. S, 

Thia word, in sense 1, occurs in O.E. 

" And then hee sickned more and more, and dried 
and dwintd away." Hist, of Prince Arthur, 3d part, 
chap. 175. Divers. Purlcy, ii. 207. 

xeut. dwyn-en, attenuare, extenuare ; deficere ; laL 
dwyn-n, Su.-O. twin-a, desino, diminuor^ A.-S. dm'n* 
an, tabescere, thwin^an, decrescere, minni. 

[lal. dvina, to dwindle^ to pine away.] 




To DmnTy «• a. To cause to languish. 

Kor jilluiA mU «f OUT froit, 

Bnriii " 
lb diia, I wato not how. 

IbqMMh UtdMidUo droatli ; 
^ddu pjiM bim and d^qftu him 

y . tfao V. a. 

DmniB^DwDrEyf. Decline, waning; applied 

vO uie mffQiit^ 

B«l I hM ft dug r tho ApAm o' tho moon, 

Jfaelk Mag., Jwh/b 189), pi SSOl 

DwiHUiOy •• A decline, a consumption, S* 

bL iWntiit dimmiitio ; Sw. fwin-jol, id. i.e., a 
dwaiag riolnwM ; Qonn. •64a0tiM{MK&i;id. thodboog 
ftiqaiBlly tofUnod into « or mh, 

DTED r THE WOO", i^ wool ; a pro- 
verlHal phrase signifying naturallj clever, 

ToDTITy«.a. To endite, the same with 

** Almft wo fDffUd to an oar sabjectia qohatrameror 
«lail thai b^ to praaant raqnaiatia, mak ony aapplica- 
tfoaa» dalaadv sappla^ difU or writ» coonaal, halp, pn>- 
or Huk adyocationn, or aaaiat onywmyia to da 
jUa logitiTia therefor, or other condempnit per- 
*ao. Aell41£anh,1640-l.Keith'aHiat,p.lfi. 

DTMMOND, «. A wedder of the second 
year, Bozb. ; viewed as of the third year, 

"^Tluit Sohir Robert Crachtonne aafl 
iS^ of jowia k woddeiJ% ft Tij^ of gymmeria & 

dlywomfh And oidinia— to diatreyne the aaid achi- 
vaf for the aaid aehme^ or the aTale A thaim,— for ilke 
wadder k jaw owrned Ta. Tjd, k for ilke gymmer k 
^ au iK ii i il ffije. ▼Jd.'* Aot %m. Cooo., A. MM, p. 
166^ v. iRmf OUT. 

DYMMYSMAN,«. A judge. 


fidi to thi thoocht. 

^ Balbra the mhtwya Dwwutws^man 

qahat that thow ait to iay than f^ 

fTynloms liii. S. 901. 

lUa raaamblao A.-S. domyB-daeg^ doomaday, or the 
dajy ol JadgBMttt ; Sw. cfemai^ * Judge. 

To DTMYNE W, 9. o. To diminish. 

— Va leoingis mav do facrea thy fkoM, * 
llor na re^oche aifmyiww thy Rado name. 




Do ao that 

Oontinaw in nde^ rrforme the iU, 

ijffM FoeHU, pi 18S, at 9. 


'Q. to ofirooine, dompler, IV. Cotflr. daonted ;" 

Lofd Haika. Bat thia ia not a natural etymon. It 

may bo for dwined^ waated, need by Chaucer, or Genu. 

to bnmble ae n aerrant, to rednce to a atate of 

Itnde^ deriTed by Waehter from A.-S. then, a aer- 
raa^tk mian, toaerve. 

DTNE, «• Used for den^ a dale. 

With that he ran oner ane dyiM^ 
ladloaaii anelytill bume. 

DYNNIT, pret. 

I draw In dome to the dyke to dirken efter myrthii ; 
Tht dew donkit the dail, and dyiM»< the feolis. 

Chrom, & P„ L Sia 

• Thia ia altered by Mr. Pinkerton to djfnnarii. Bat 
*' the word in MS.,^ he aava, ** cfyiuC, I beUeve, but the 
end of the y ia turned up backwaxtla.** Maitl. Poema, 
Bi 385, N. Thia, I ahould anppoee, meraly marka the 
oouble n. I would oonaider aa the aenae ; "The fowia 
made a noiae or iftn.** 

DYOUR, «• A bankrupt ; for dyvour^ q. v. 

Among those preferred at eoort are enumerated, 
Dnutcarta, dyioun, dyottn, drivela. 

DuHMtr, MaiUand Foem§, pi 100. 

DYSCHOWYLL, adj. Undressed, un- 

Bftyr mydnycht in handia thai halff him tane, 
J>lfScko»ifU on ileip, with him na man bot anai 

Walia€$, zL 1014, MS. 

Ootr. ten Fr. detkabtiU, id. 

To DYSE, 9. a. Dtfae you^ a phrase com- 
monlj used in Lanarks. as an imprecation. 

Whether thia be oaed aa a diaguiae for the E. term 
generally appropriated for the aame impioua purpoae^ 
under toe talae idea that a change of tiie wora can 
palliate the intention, I cannot pretend to determine. 
Thia eeema to be the caee in aome inatancea ; aa per- 
hape in the yulgar S. imprecation Dog on U, which naa 
been Tiewed aa an inyeraionof the Sacred Name; in 
Damg U, ke, I have obaerred no aimilar term, either 
ia the Celtic or GoUiio langnagea ; unleaa we ahould 
oonaider thia aa allied to laL Dyt, the j^deaa invoked 
for the purpoae a of revenge by the ancient Gotha : Dea 
poAuia et noxia, Knmen ultorum, Opia ; O. Andr., p. 
oO. She haa been viewed aa the aame with Frigga. 
Hence VereL ezpl. Diaa bloit aa denoting^ the anniver- 
aary aaerifice made at U^aal in honour 01 Frigga ; Ind. 
Ihra, liowever, viewa thia woxahip aa given to ail the 

[DYSHERYSYS, V. pres. pL Disinherit. 

How Ingtfi men throw thar powstai 
Dwtkm M Mi me off my lancL 

Bariwur, iL 101, Skeat'a Bl 

O. Fr. de$keriier, to diainherit, Co^.] 


Ibir Blshopi coma in at the north window ; 
And not in at the dor, nor yit at the yet : 
Bot OTer waine and quheil m wil he get 
And he eummia not m at the dor, 
God's pleach may never held the ftxr. 
He ii na Hird to keip thay sely iheip ; 
Nodit bot ane tod in ane lammkin to creip. 
How lold he kyth mirakil, and he aa evil f 
Never bot by the dutmel, or the devil 

/ViMTa Pebif , Pink. A P. it, L 17. 

Thia ia a remarknbb paaaage ; but Mr. Pink, leavea 
djftmd for ezpUmation. The meaning moat probably 
i% neoromanoy, or wliat ia called theblack art, Thu 
oanae ia au^gested by the couiezion. It ia auppoaed 
that a Biahop, according to the ideaa of theae timee 
ahould hifth myrakU, or prove hie official character by 
working miraclea. Now, it U enquired, how can he 
do eo^ being himself ao wicked, except by necromancy 
or the power of the devil ? 

Wo mi^t auppoee it to be formed firom the word 
DmtUt oaM by tne ancient Oauls to denote a aupposed 
elaaa of IneAi, and Germ. Su.-0. mal, apeech. But 
the aooount given by Seren. of the origin of the adj. 
deaervea our attention. A. Goth. i>y«. Dm 
ultorium, et mal, Moea-O. me^ tempua 




MMflaitaai. lDd« dkmat, q. d. Difmu mai, diet Tin. 
oietM. Diet. N. laL Dp$, ittk prouuiA et idiiIa, niuiMa 
vHorfaun, Opiis O. Andr., p. 60. 

[DYSPTnT.prtLpL Spited, hated, injured. 

UmI dMaOa; Atonr tU thing, 
BolMft tM hnott th* donchty king, 

Av6Mir. It. 606, Sktaf ■ Ed. 

a IV. detpk, **dMgii^t. ip^ti Anger," Go^.] 


*'Itin, certMM nudl bnlbtia, ft cfyw ^trne aenriiig 
to maiL Imlletii for moyaiM and oatthzottit." Inven- 
tariM, A. 1666, pw 171. 

Pierii^t for ciiei^ used to dmioto monldi. 

DYST, DoiST, #« A dull heavy stroke, 
Aberd. V. Dotgk. 

DYSTANS, DiSTAWKS, #. Dissension. 

And in the tjVM of tliis dyttant 
Thai trstyd with the Kyng of Frans. 
Ikal he waU gyre thame gud eonaaie. 
And grva thame help and rappowale ; 
And iiiai wald beeom his men. 

Wfniomt^ fii. 9. 16. T. also v. lit 

Lb B. rfi rfai c -fa^ oontentio^ lia. — lis et deUmdo 
ftMnnt inter Willelmnm Rogers— ex pnrto iina» et 
Bkaidnm Alqyn. Hadoz FormoL Anguc, p. 103, ap. 

DYSTER, B. A dyer, S.; «ynon. lAuUr. 
DYTE, •• Writing, composition. Y. Dite. 

^setiy nowel quia wil red, 

Ikare may thd l^nd qohow to prooeds, 

—And speodaly. qnha has delyte 
lb tnt a maters in firs dwU, 

iTifnloiMi, iz. PkoL la 

Balg. diM. 8w. didtt, id. 

To DYTE, V. n. To walk crazily, Buchan. 

Nae mair whars Winters ST'nin's oome. 
Well hear the gleesome bagpipes horn ;— 
Now ilk ana dffU» wi* Sent a mom. 

Tainwf$ P9em$, pi 11« 12. 

This 9, must be yiewad as difTering f i«>m DopU only 
in the ptoniinciation. 

Dttit, adj. Stapid, ibid. Y. Doitit. 
[DmT, Dtted, preL Set forth. Y. Dite.] 
DYYOUE,*. A bankrupt. 

''Dyonr, Dymnir, Ttherwaiea Bair-man, anha being 
inTolTod and drowned in debtee, and not able to pay 
or aatiafie the same, for eschewing of prison and Tiber 
painea, makia oession and assignation of al hia gudes 
and gears, in favonrea of hia croditonrea : and dots hia 
desOtir and dewtie to them, proclaimand himselfe Bair- 
man, and indigent, and becommand debt-bound to 
tbemofaUthathehea.'' Skene, Verb. Sign, in to. 

He elsewhere saya;'*— called Dyvour, becaose ho 
doea hia dewort to hia creditoors." Index Beg. Maj. 

F^. <feeot>, duty. Aa the bankmpt made his dewnre 
bT swearing that he had " not in fne gndes and wm% 
aooae the Talour of ^fi» shillings and ane plack ;" Quon. 
Attach., c. 7» i 8. The designation corresponds to the 
judicial sense of Fr. devoir, aa denoting '* the act of 
sahmiaaion, and acknowledgement of duty unto a Iwad- 
lord, exprsased by the tenant'a mouth, hands, and oaik 
of fealty ;** Co^. 

Dyuouue, #. Dechiration of bankruptcy. 

*' DiTerae ahamefnil fonnea of dyuaurie ttx naed and 
oboarred : for sum-time the debtour naked sittis Tpoa 
ana canld stane, in presence of the people.— 3nm-' 
hia hinder oartea, or hippes^ ar dashed to ana 

S kfftP fl^ 

TO. Dtuoub. 


JTIoag^ ar the ordinary aonnd of it in ae^ eo, is, in the 
Sooth of Seotiand, changed into the dipthong ei or ey; 
hsaoa, heU for bees, iei or fey, for tea, $ey for aea, feid 
for ftiadv 4o. The pronouna he and me, pronounced 
T«y broadly kd ana met, the Toice riaing on the laat 
Towali moat forcibly atrike the ear of a atranger. 

E,Ee,«. Theeye;S. m. 

About hys hals ane qohissU hung had he, 
WaaaU Uaaolaoe, for tlntale of his B. 

DOMf . ViryO, 9a 42. 

**QQhal 18 the lycht keping of thir twa commandis? 
To half ana clair ee, and ane clein hart. A cleir ce ia 
the mht tngement of rsasone, and intentioun of our 
myBd." Abp. Hamiltonn's Catechisme, 1551, fd. 73, a. 

A.4S. acVt U <Ni9a» ^ A.-S. pL eageu, Pkttcop. 
^ tne. 

EAt adj. One. Y. the letter A. 
EACH, (gutt.) #. A horse, Sutherl. 

Thia ia pro^^ly a* OaeL word ; but it may deeenre 
notice^ thai it la one of theee ancient terms which seem 
to haTO been common to the Gothic and Celtic nationa. 

IsL eik'-mr, aquus, jumentum. Thia O. Andr. dednoaa 
from Gr. 'ex^M, Tcho ; although it might perhapa rather 
be traced to IsL ek, fero, Teho, as the a. is properly 
Implied to a beast of burden. Dan. oeg, id. Lai. e^a-iM, 
wmild appear to acknowledge the aame root 

To EAND, V. n. To breathe. Y. Aynd, v. 

EAREST, adv. Especially. Y. Erast. 

EARLEATHER-PIN, «. An iron pin for- 
merly used instead of a hook, on each end 
of the shaft of a cart, for fastening the 
chain by which the horse draws^ Fife. 

The first syllable would suggest that this pin wna 
first used in eor-ui^, or ploughmg. 

To EARM. To wliine, to complain. V. 


EARN, 6. The Eagle. Y. Eon. 

To EARN| V. u. To coagulate; also actively^ 
to cause to coagulate, b. 




whHlier wa ottght to tmw the 
iatlielollowiiigiMMagM : 

aiwm, M w«.can 1muii» 
•ad milk to earn, 
laat, and wakim my bainiy 


il n— lor thrao woeks together ; in which 
ra^ emmed [esidled] 1^ the bladder.*' 


it win . ^ 

Msnrtira 8eL IVaaa^, n. 27(^ 
T#Mi!ii. toeodla; A.Bor. 


aocTp ytiiat» gerewUt fennenttng;'* Sibb. 
BoA the ioM ol i enae nU tion ia Tenr different from 
that ol ooagalalaoB. Tha origin ia Germ, ge'rinnen, 
8a.4}, mwi i o , Be|g; raemi-Ai, A.-S. j^-ninfMm, coagu- 
Ibnl TUa ia oaij a aaoondaiy aenae of the v, Uteruly 
■gpiif|iiig to rva. It ia traaaferred to what ia ooagu- 
ht a d y b ac aaa a tkaa parte of the aame kind ooaleace, 
and form oaa SMMa. Thia nae of the v. ia retained in 
& Wlian adlk eardle^ we aaT that it rins, 

Bst aa the A.4S. v. aignirjring to run, ia often 
wiittaa fia ai^ tfM word earn reaemUea it moat in 

EABimro,TKASinN09#. Rennet,or that which 
curdles milk, S. A. Bor. 

Oetm. TtKMm nenee aiao the E. 

Wdi aad r a aai af ^ Gloaeeat. 

'*liaiiT ehaeaea are spoiled by giving too great or 

Jl * p r opor t ion 

••UxB, llaeClarty tiien took down a bottle of ran- 
A <v f e aiafa f^ aa aha called it; and — poured in 
haft aha thoa^t aaaffident quantity/* Ac. Cotta- 
cf Gfanhncaia^ pu 202. 

EARHnro-ORAflS, #• Common butterworti 

**PiQgaieu]» ▼alg^rin^ Steep-graa^ Eaming-grass, 
Sealia anatraL" l4ghtfoot, pw 1131. 

Ahhov^ tteia ia no affinity here, aa in many' in- 
ahmcea, K a t a a en tha 8w. and 8: namea, there » an 
. analogy b et a o ca tha Sw. and £. namea. Aa thia in 
fiwadaa ia eallad FH-^ri^ it baa nearly the lame mean- 
ing ;/<< apB^ying lat» q. '«the fat herb." 

EAltN-BLITEKy Earn-bleater, b.' The 
Snipe ; Scolopax gallinago^ Linn. S. B. 
Mmitter.OL Shirr. 

aa f y'd as ear hare at nisht 
■ Wmf fT, or toe moirfowl s craw» 
Waa nka ta mdt her very heart awa. 

Bm^$ MtkMon, pi 68. 

''Tha latter part of the word," according to Sibb., 
«*may ba a eoir. of Mtem» if thia be not rather the 
traa maaaing of the term." But thia word S. B. does 
■ol danota Um bittern, which ia called Mirtbumpur, 
BlmUr mdonbtedly reapecta the eound emitted. For 
aa Fmnant obaenrea coaceraing anipea ; "when they 
atadiatarbed rnach* particnlarlv in the breeding leaaon, 
to avaat neight, roaldng a singular bleat iny 
Brit. ZooL» p. 440. The origin of em, in this 
ia oaita aacertain. Shiul we auppose it 
to die term frequently used, mire-wijMff 
ajgnifiea miry ; (Seren.) A.-S. aem, a secret 
Or aaa it any relation to the ern or eacle, as 
U tha anina rtaiiBiblfid thia in ita aoaring, while it 
a blcattag aoiae ? It ia called in Sw. hon gofl\ 
piobablT from ita eiy, as if it resembled a 
w. Aelnieaaetttiona A.-S. kae/tH-blaeie, buffium, 
GLt whU Soauer thinka is aa error for buteo or ftario. 

EARNY^OULIGS, s.f>L Tumuli, Ork- 
nej ; especially in the Southern Isles. 

laL Ari$m AeRa denotes the rock on which the sa- 
crificea ware offered in the timea of heathenism. But 
it aeema to have no affinity. The term ia undoubtedbr 
oomp. of laL eni, annoaus, and hdU^ tumulna, Su.-0. 
aummitaa montia, (^. ancient tumuli. Aa thia term in 
Orkney ia aynon. with How, Howie, and CasUc'hawie ; 
y ereL giTea Sw. koeg as the aynonyme of kulle, 

EAROCK, 8. A hen of the first year. V. 


EARS, 8, pL Eidnep, Dumfr., Loth. 

Thia word may hare a Celtic origin. Ir. ara, na- 
nifying a kidney, alao C. B. aren, whence obvioua^ 
Gael, ahme, id., whereaa yeir$, q.y., is evidently from 
the Gothic. 

EAR-SKY, 8. y. under Sky. 

EARTH, 8. A ploughing of knd, the act of 
earingy S. B. 

" Next year it ia aown with bariey, or Cheater bear, 
after thrso earihg, or fnrrowa." P. Ecdesgreig, Kin* 
card. Statiat. Ace., zi 109. 

Thia exactly correaponda to Sw. ard, aratio, from 
aer-ia, to ear, whence alao aerder, a ploush. V. 
Seren. to. Ear, Thia augseata what ia pernapa the 
moat simple etymon of Earn, V. Erd. 

EASELy Eassel, adv. Eastward, towards 
the east ; South of S. 

" Ow, man ! ye ahould hae hadden easel to Kip- 
pletringan." Guy Mannerin^ i. 10. 
Rather eaeaiL aof tened from EaatU. V. Eastilt. 

EASEFUL, adj. Convenient. . "Com- 
modious and easeful;** Aberd. Reg. V. 


EASING, Easixodrap, 8. Tliat part of the 
roof of a house which juts over the wall, 
and carries off the drop, S. eave8^ E. 

Perhapa merely oorr. from A.-S. ^ese, id. aubgrunda; 
Somner. Seren. derivea the E. word from UL auf, 
or oe/, ex, or Moes-G. aquAa, Sw. aa, fluvius. This 
term, however, aa Ihre obaervea, has been greatly 
Taried in different Northern languagea. In Isl. upsir, 
in Sn.-G. it is ops, whence opaaedrup, stillicidium; Belg. 
009, whence wttdrvyp, hootdruyp, &c V. Xhra, to. 

' It is more probable, however, that it is allied to 
Dan. 009, "the ridge of a mountain or house," Wolff.; 
q. the drop which falls from the ridge. Sw. aoB, Isl. 
a#, id. 

A.Bor. eatinr/M, the eaves; GL Grose. Lancash. 
eavmg or jfeaeing ; Tim Bobbina. 

EtV8ixo, Eisix, 8. That part of a stack wlience 
it begins to t«iper, S. 

EA^^IX-GAXO, 8. A course of sheaves project- 
ing a little at the eann, to keep the rain 
from getting in, Clydes. 

EASSIL, adv. Towards the east, Roxb. 

Eassil, adj. Easterly, ibid. Y. Eastilt. 




To EASSIN, Epnc, v. a. 1. To desire the 
male. In this sense^ a oow b said to be 

2« Metaph. used to express a strong desire of 
any kind. 

WmI 1o« bm o^ yov, BmtnaM, now; 
f6r ftll ««6i Boay a droathy moo', 
Thars lung a tUming gaae for you. 

Wltlmifteii flU. 
0^ diibiM Am the gude Amim ww, 

F*rpu$on*9 Poem»^ U. 42. 

Bm the aUnaioiito tht mttiiig of a ball is obrious. 

Thia word ia dao pfooonnced neeaAui, S. B. The 
former, I i^prehend, la the original mode ; aa allied to 
laL yzna or oxna, Tirtola appetena taamm; G. Andr., 
pu 260^ from Moea-O. aiiAi^ laL o»e^ nxe, a ball, A.-S. 
ame. howerer, aimply aignifiea a male. Net/thin'mx^i 
bo deriTod, but not ao nataially, from Sa.-0. ntftUk, 
wUk^ aTania, Sax. mmM, eapidna. Chaaoer oaea neahe 
aa Bignifying aofi ; nom A-S. hmtc-ian^ to aoften, to 
aaaoage. It alao ooeora in Gower, in the atory of Ijjbis 
and Anaxarete^ aa deaeriptiTe of a heart saaoepUble 
ol ardent tovo. 

fle waa temwl*, and dM to baide. 

C9tsf, Awn., FoL 83, b. 

It may deaenre to be mentioned, that lal. niom^ 
aignifiea, to ameU oat, to ini|nize after ; OL Lex. Run. 
From the eageraeai of an animal in thia atate^ aa well 
M from the acateneai of amell, the word, by a alight 
tranntion, might be oaed in that aenae whien it bears 

I am eonfirmed, however, in the idea, that the pro- 
per prononoiation ia without the initial », by a passa^ 
iHiich I have met with ainoe writing thia article. 

**In the pariah of Calder, the eoantoy people call 
thia plant [Mormu dhboU JUrt aSbo\ IkuiHing wort, 
whien they aflirm makea oowea oome to bulling, when 
they get of it amongst their meat" Pennecuik's 
TwewMide, p. 15. 

A similar name ia civen b^ the Dalecarlians, in 

Sweden, to the Batteroy Orchia. It is called yxne' 

grae$,^ The reason of the designation appears from 

• what 18 added by Linn. Taari tardipi^v'ocantur in 

veoerem, hojos radidboa a Dalia. Fior. Suec., No. 


Id^tfoot aaya ; " The roots of this and most of the 
other species it orchis, are esteemed to be aphrodia- 
iacal,'' p. 019. 

SoiB&t, haTing taken the ball. Loth., Tweedd., 
Flife. It 18 alao written £ieen, 

"ItspBt the other calvea preserred for breidinff, 
mrtending to the number of fiftie sex calves, which 
within thxee years after the calving, as use ia, woald 
have ekened, and in the fonrt yeer, which would have 
frdlenoat in the year 16S3, would have proven milk 
kyne, and ao woiud have been worth twentie punda 
the peeoe,'' ke, Acte Cha. IL, 1661, vii. 183. 

It ahonld perhaps be added to the etymon, that Isl. 
€ida signifies testicnlus, and eUina-pmn/jr^ acrotum ; 

EASTIE-WASTIE, 9. An unstable person, 
one on whose word there can be no dcpen- 
dence, Ang« 

Q. one who yeers about like the wind, or who goes 
first Mu<, and then wetL 

EASTILT^ adv. Eastward, towards the 
Ea^t ; to which wesllit^ corresponds ; pro- 
nounced eoMsUt^ w€89ilij Loth. 

Bede, however, uses €tui4eii am signifying eastern. 
V. Lye. 

A.-S. ead^tade, wed^laete, pars rel plaga orientalia, 
— oocidentalia. nig emimaik /ram taat-daeU and wtd^ 
daeU. Luk. xiii. 29. They shall come from the eaat, 
and from the weat. • 

EASTLAND, adj. Belonging to the east 
oonntry : from eaU and land. 

'* Whilea--— our bcead would be too long a-eoming, 
which made some of the eoHUand sohliers half- 
matiny.*' BaiUie'a Lett, L 176. 

EASTLAND, 8. The eastern part of 

" Mr. Normand QaUoway waa brunt becaoa he waa 
in the. eattland, and cam home and married ane wayff, 
contrair the forme of the Pope'a institutioun ; — bot if 
he had had ane thousand wnores he had novir beine 
quarrelled.'* Fitsoottie'a Cron., p. 357. 

EASTLE, prep. To the eastward of; as, 
*' easile to know," to the east of the knoll, 

EASTLIN, oi/y. Easterly, S. 

This •hields the other free the aulliti blait. 

RaKua^* Poems, iL 84. 

A-S. eaat4aaig, oriente tenua. 

Eastlixs, adv. Eastward, S. 

—•To the gait she got : 

Ay hadiag «utf I'lu, as the ground did fa*. 

Jtosi** HdsMore, p. 6S. 

EAT, 8. The act of eating. Thus it is said 
that a thing is gude to tlie eaty when it is 
grateful to the taste, S. B. 

A.-S. aei, Teut. oH, ai, food, edulium. 

EATCHE, $. An adze or addice, S. 

*' Ony man that baa said to ye, I am no gratef n' for 
the aituation of Queen'a cooper, let me hae a whample 
at him wi* mine ecUcAe— that*a a'.** Bride of Lammcr- 
moor, iL 278. 

EATIN BERRIES, Juniper berries, S. B. 
This is the common pronunciation. But 
Ross writes Etxaoh, q. v. 

EATIR, 8. Oore, blood mixed with matter. 
V. Atib. 

EAVE, 8. The nave of a cart or carriage 
wheel, Roxb. 

As in all the other dialects, the initial letter ia n, 
thia must be viewed as a provincial corruption ; aimilar 
to the use of etrf for meat, 

EAVER. V. Aver, Ar^vob. 

EBB, adj. Shallow, not deep, S. 

"OhoweMnaoulhavelto take in Christ's love? * 
Rutherford's Lett., Ep. 8. 

" If you think proper to sow with any winter-grain, 
cause plow it in August or September at furthest, — 
with a narrow M fur, that the lime and ashes, being 
near the aurface, may the better feed the young com, 
and keep it warm." Mazweira Sel. Trana., p. 102. 

From the same origin with the E. v, and s. 

[Barbour uses e66 as a v. in the sense, to etranil, to 
eiiik by the Ming ^ the tide. V. Skeat'a Ed., zvi. 




EBBNSMy •• Shallowneu. 

"Thiir Mmu wodd imtw takm vp his dADth.** 
BatiMfloid'i UiL, P. L» E^aS7. 

ECOLEORASS, Batterwort or sheepiot, 
• PingiuciilA Tulgarisy Linn. Orkney. 

**P. TolfHi^ or oominoii Imilenrort— in Orknej U 
kMNm bj tlM nMM of JSKl^^raM." Nmll's Tour, pi 

ADM pcrliAps to Id. eebe^ eeH, angor, as^todo ; m 
bnff gnimtty, altliongh m would Mem* imjiuUy, snp^ 
poMd to piodvco tho r9< IB thMpk 

ECHER, IcKEB, #. An ear of com ; S., pi. 

—How fbO 0ekeHt^wn tUek mwinc 
Wyth tlM MW tonnya iMto bintfiUt dote hyng 
Ob Htmy ftUdii te the tooitiii tyde 

Any. Ftryil, 04. 24. 

A.-& aeeer, oewith CMcUr, Qenn. akr, 8ii.-0. aaier, 
MoM-O. dbtm, id. Hanoe aitert, uaiberi, ' 


halving full 

ECHT, $. Ought; med adv. Eeht lang^ 
considerably long. 

' Illatiniapciiitod.Bari)ou;Tii.29S;Piiik.edit. Bat 
la Ma. tftia: 

But I Odnk to M» or ocAf faaf , 
Him loid and king oar aU Um land. 

Thna it la atin naod, & WmyeheocJdlang,inXLjt 
ho tadiooi^ or daky for any length of time ? A.-S. oJu, 

ECHT, the same as AuehU Aberd. ''Fa's 
#dk the beast t** to whom does it belong? 

I am at a loaa whether to Tiew thia as the'pret. of 
tfM T. sigBiMng ''owned,** or aa the noon, on the 
anppoaition that the t. sabst. is to he snpplied, q. 
•«Wlioae aoeht if the beast ?" 

Tho word in thia form mora nearly reaembles Sa.-0. 
wy-o, laL e^^-o, than A.-S. a^-aa, poasidere. 

ECKIEy Ekie, «. The abbreviation of the 
.name Hector^ S. Sometimes HteUe^ S. O. 

*«JD£e^ Diek and Wat Litillia;'' Acta, 1585, iii. 306. 

EDDER, $. 1. The ndder of a beast, Aberd. 

S. Used by the lowest class of the vulgar to 
denote tne breast of a woman, ibid. 

This term in Sw. has the form of jvtder. 

ECKLE-FECELE, adj. 1. Cheerful, 
meny, gay, Ayrs. 

S. Applied also to one who possesses a sound 
and penetrating judgment, ibid. 

I ean form no reasonable oonjectnre aa to the origin 
of ttia rednplicatiTe term ; it ia perhapa allied to 
Jfeypty, q. T. 

(Thia ia sorely a local, if not a slang word, and with- 
ont aathority.] 

£I>OAR,s. The half-roastcd, half-px)und, 
grain of which Burston is made, Orkn. 

Ban. a€if-€, laL cH-a, to eat, and oorr, Sa.-G. goer, 
made, prepared, from gutT'Of anciently gkier'-a, parare, 
Caoers ; q. prepared food. IsL aeU signifies ednlia: 
JL«8. geane^ paratoa. Sa.-0. gar/w^ baa alao the 

ol parare^ aaeiently (pinrt-a, florwa/ garra^ 
pranMurata. V. Hire in to. 

This must be radically the same with the word pro- 
■onnoed Aigan in Angna, A diHerent etymon, how 
orer, ia given nnder that word. 

EDGE, EoE, $. The highest part of a 
tract of elevated moorlan^ generally lying 
between two streams; a kind of ndge. 
South of S. It is used both by itself, and 
in composition, as Cavertontd^e, &c. 



North from Kingside is Kingside-«d'2^; a ridge of 
hills rising gradually from the North Esk (on the north 
be twe e n ud the Pentland hills) and the Tweed, over 
which the post road leading from Edinboigh to Peebles 
paise^ 700 feet above the sea level.** Armstrong. V. 
Notes to Pennecnik's Bescr. Tweedd., p. 215, 216. 
'Andeinlik manor at Soltrav ««/e, Ira thai seethe 
of ESggerhop castyU ande mak takyn in lik manor." 
~ Ja. II., A. 1455^ Acts, Ed. 1S14, c 44. 
I waa on the point of conclodins that this waa 
merely a figurative nse of the £. word as denoting the 
thin part of a blade, when I observed that IsL egg, 
ades, is expL by Gudm. Andr. in its secondary use, 
Ooca aen crepido montinm et petraram acnta porrectio, 
p. 07 ; and by Haldoison, Snmmnm jagum mentis. It 
does not *ppoar that A.-S. ee^e waa ever osed in this 

EDOEorURE,*. Edgeorpoint. V. Ure, 


To EDOIE, V. n. To be quick or alert in 

doing any thing, Boxb. 

Vr. aghr, to operate; Lat. aaet go to; or Fr. amtiser, 
according to Ihre, O. F^. tJiitX, Isl. egg^a, Sn.-Q. 
aegg-Of incitars, acners ; q. to put an edge on. 

Ei>Gi£,a<(;. Clever, Upp. Clydes. [Still used 
in the sense of gukk-Umpered^ iurfy^ eaaily 

EDIE, 8. The abbreviation of Adam^ S. 

It would be quite nnneoeaiaiy to refer to Edk 
Ochiltree. V. Antiquaiy. 

EDROPPn, paH. pa. Under the influence 
of the dropsy. 

" His wambe throw immoderat voracitie was swolin 
as he had bene edranpU,** BeUend. Cron., B. ix., c. 21. 
Instar hydrc^iei innatua ; Booth. I need acaroely say 
that thia pomts out the origin. 

EEI, 9. Atu^B, darling, chief delight, Aberd. ; 
q. a person's ** one eye." 

There is some doflree of analogy in the nse of Bels . 
oope/yn, literallv, a' little eye, need to denote "a lovely 
person;** Sewel. The metaphor S. B. evidently refers 
to the care one takes to preserve a sinrie eyeu 

It is, however, nearly akin to the tignrative nse of 
Lat. ock/ms, and its dimmntive ocellus, 

Oade mi, bUndientis vox. Plant My deare heart. 
Or^Uu mean, id. My little sweete heart. Cooper. 
Thesanr. . 

EE, 8. Eve. y. E. 

Ee of the day^ noon, mid-day, S B. 

This is a beautif ol metaphor, the allusion being evi- 
dently to the eye aa the brightest part of the body. 

— How dsnr ye come at the ee o' day 
To treed the fsiry leer 




— f6r I bM poirar tl dstd o' oklil 

lb woriE man WM and Ul« 
lal th« «i 0^ dlajr giat poirar to at 

<y lUya tD tek BUT wilL 

SaOad, Sim. Mi^^Od., 1818, p. 827. 

Am* tif w flaw, and tka batar wa flaw 
Hi ua glowaa «i 0^ dM^ 

Jtffo. £v., /d|y, 1819, p. fiSl 

Eebbbe, •• Eyebrow, Aberd^ Kithsdale* 

Har teiiiiia mknit a Iwlia arck 
Gbal by no aavthlSa haa'. 

- ftwfliiif ofNUktdtiii Amm. m IS. 

O bkaafaiga cm that bonnia waa fbda, 
And blaaainn on that bonaie ae-6rM/ 

Am^, AMwmeolAmfiodt V. Bti, Bbbl 

£b-Psa8T, #• 1. A rarity, any thing that 
excites wonder, Ayrs. ; q. a fmut to the eye. 

S. A satiflfyioff dance, what gratifies one's 
* curiosity, ibi£, Kenfr. 

Ee-list, Ete-list, Ete-last, #. 1. A flaw, 
a deformity, an eyesore. 

"Ton ahsU not doe smiaaa to sat bafbra your owna 
sjCB for your praaant nae tho foDowing Axticlea of tha 
Coffd'a Snppar, aa atnariit rnlaa to rectify the nnoomely 
ayafarfi raqnarad to Ga introdmaed upon tha aoand 
WQfk oCtoii anerainent.'' Epiatla of a Chriatian 
BMUMr,ie24, p. 12. SaanlaoBrao^aSle¥enaemi.,B. 
M. 7. OmlMJon, Eng. edit. 

*I bafe oatdght and iaaight and credit, 
And fmrn. ony mUU I'm fkeai 

Am^, .Aow'a Bdemort^ p. 147. 

9. An offence. 

'*IS is known that theae two lived after from thenoe- 
teth in good firiendahip^ aa prince and aubject without 
soapieioQ, gnidge or tge-lUt on either partie." Hume's 
Hist. Dooff.^ p. 87. 

"'-To tnia ttoor not the leaat difference, the BDuJleat 
ifalM betwixt any of na, oither atate or church com- 
nlaaionan^ in any thing; either private or publick.** 
Bdlli^a LatS., L 400. 

8. ^ A break in a page, the beginning of a 
paragraph, or ratner of a section or chap- 
ter," Sibb., 8. 

4. Legal defect; imperfection, such as might 

inTuidate a deed ; used as a forensic term. 

— *'And on nawavea to be tmblit tharin, or to be 
^nerraUit in his richt thairof be ony manor of occa- 
Bonn binne, or throw ony defaalte or eelUi, be the 

2iihilk the richt or poaaeaaioun of the aaidia landia may 
• ohallangeit, or tne aaid M' Alexander or hia fotr- 
aaidia tralSit thairin," ke. Acta Ja. VL, 1600, Ed. 
18K P^ SS7. 

5. A cause of regret, Dumf r. 

Thia darirea from A.-S. laeUan, hnpedire, obatare. 
Bat it is eridently from A.-8. eo^, oculna, and laeM, 
defeetna, *' want, defect, a lacking ;** Somner. Sa.-0. 
fa< id, oaed both ina phyaical and moral aenae; fa«(-a, 
to blame, to charge with a fault. 

Ee-STICK, Eistack, s. 1. Something rare, 
singuhir, or surprising ; that which arrests 
the itys, q« causes it to stick or adhere, S. 

Ah t wfUawina for Scotland now, 
Whan aha mann itap ilk birkr*! mow 
Wl' atfCodb, grown aa 'tware in pet 
In foraign land, or grean-honse bet 

Fmyustm's Poemi, IL TOl 


8. EesHekif diunties, AbenL 

Or ahall wo anppoee that the last t^UMhU ia radi. 
oal^ the same with laL d^gd, an oflbnoet 

Ee-bweet, Ete-bweet, adj. Acceptable* 

** It is easy to pat religion to a market and pablie 
fair; bat alaa I it ia not ao aoon made eye-eieeel for 
Chriat.'' Rathecford'a Lett, P. L, Ep. 178. 

Ee-winxers, #• The eye-lashes. 7b wed 
one's loiniisrt, S. to weep, from E. winL 

EE!AN, s. A one-YeaiK>ld horse or mare, 
AbenL ; perhaps from OaeL eang^ a year, 
like the synon. term, YeatHiuUL 

EEBREK Crap, the third crop after lea ; as 
the second is called the atoot, S. B. 

EEOHIE NOB OOHIE. I eon hear neitlter 
eeghte nor eghiet neither one thing nor 
another, Aug.; neither aeht nor what, synon. 

Tia time, and Jaat the time Ibr yon to dmw : 
For now the lada are aleapii^ bom hard. 
Hie door upon the doga aecoraly bair'd. 
lehii nor ocAia now ye winna hear. 
The best time in tha waild for yon to ateer. 

.Aoaf^a Iid€mor», pi SS. 

Thia perhape literally ia, *' neither no nor aye.** 
For eegkie ia certainly the Ooth. igK or tighi, not 
The change of the TOwel in oghie may c o rre ap ond to 
the alteration, either in voweia or oonaonanta, which 
ia 80 common in oar language, aa fNifA-maaA, cUA-da9k, 
ke* And if it mnat be Tiewed aa of the aame meaninc 
with eeghk, what Ihra obaerrea oonoeming ei, igh^ and 
tighi^ ia atill more applicable. The Sn.%. negative,, 
he aaya, ia merely Or. evx** non. It may be obwrred, 
howoTer, that Stt.-0. oeh, et, ia often need in the aenae 
of ertom, aa exprwaaing a cheerfnl afltonation ; Moea-O. 
auk, bene. v. Och, S. Ihre. 

EEK, 9. An augmentation, S. V. EiK. 

EEKFOW, adj. 1. ExpL '«blythe, having an 
affable demeanour, Ayrs. 

Moat probably a aeoondary eenae of the adj. aigni* 
f^yinff eqnal; aa we say that one poaareaaa "a very 
eqau temper.** 

2. Equal ; also, just, Ang. 

Thia can acarcely be Tiewed aa a corr. of the E. 
word. It aeema to have more aflKnity to Sa.-0. 6l;^a, 
Oemu Belg. ekkt, joatna, aimilia. 

Eektull, s. a match, an equal, Ang. 

Awa'. sayi Colen, that'll naTcrdo, 
A cnmtra litUeana for tha like o' yon ; 
Tia nae fear for fear, aaa poor foek dlnna Joak, 
Tell gat yoor tekhUL aa'^ihall get her luck. 

Jtou's Udmort, Pint Edit, pi lOS. 

Equai^ Edit Third, p. 1 10. Thia ia the only exampla 
I haTO met with of thia ancient word. 

Eeksie-Peeksie, adj. Equal, applied to 
things compared to each other, when 
viewed as perfectly alike ; Ang. Y • Eek- 


EEL. A nine^d eel, a lamprey, S. 

This exactly oorreaponda to Sn.-0. nekmoogom, and 
Oerm. neunauge, murena ; Le. haTin^ nine eyea, from 
the Tolgar opinion oonceming thia anmiaL 





Jk nhiUU : Lmmt Ltmonji Nhm^ 

if aboadant in the nren Lnth. 

Xdb Tha popolar bmm 3nii»«ferf-«rf 

Sbt-baokit, oiffii A term applied to a bone 
of a liriit ocdoor, that has a black line on 
bit back ffom the mane to the tail, S. 

ftk-O. mtd'hm a limilar mbm. Stria nim, qaat 
dkrnmmjqpOKmndMa aqoonim a Jaba ad candam tean* 
ittt lalio dflMOBiiialMmia anmitiir a aimilitadiiia kajaa 

XELPOUT,*. The viviparous Blennj. Y. 

''BL w i9ip mr m^ Vtriparona BI«Biiy; Chratnboiia. 
Hva ttia fpaeiaa iOOMtiaMa fltii thaname of MebMmi 
tmiOtffit/ N«U'a Lwi of FSihaa. p. 8. 

BETjA, «• A fishing place, or ground for 
flsUiij^ near the shore, ShetL 

U. ea0 aigailUa goxgaa ftomiiii^ et prafondiora looa 
■aikj aftfa ^anda^ flnolaa. Tha tann, howavar. nnay 
ba aallMtd fraai «Ml lhi^ii% tha moath of a rirar 
good nahiag ground. 

EEL-DBOWNER, •• A term negativelj 
jued in regard to one who is b v no means 
aente or clever, who is far from being 
capable of performing a difficult task, n 
u said; ^Atweel, he^ nae €elrdrowner mair 
than me^* Boxb.; ^mon. with the K phrase; 
^Hell never set the Thames on fire." 

KKliTST, «• A desire to have possession of 
inmething that cannot easily oe obtained, 

TkSm Imu frooi iti aigniiwatinn, aaiiat ba viawad aa 
ladhmlly dumaaA from tha praoading; and ia an- 

^aahM^froai «^ and IH dan* s o. •'tha daaiia of 
^ ^jar*. from A.-fl. Iffk^ daaidanom, lika aaitiet 

lor. Oar tana azactlr o o rraap ou da 
^ «*tha luat or daUght of tha^ja;" 


EEM0ST,a4f. Uppermost, AbenL; Timoti^ 

Bat «r a jnafc Gab mada Ui q:aaet 

Ai dvaoQ aa a Safl« 
lad o'ar Cdl ha, aabt Uka to siaat» 
O' tha ktafc lh& day. 
Chrktmiu Btfimg, Skiumm'B Mite Fo$t.^ pi ISOL 

lUa ia op p aaad to NtwmotL and marahr a proTia^ 
aUsij te VfMu^ q. T. 

Ebw, Eirs, Eteit, ejes ; pL of £. m^ S. 

Bfa glottoayt and ftwdcmarit ma too 
Ha amit hoL aad aooad gart alepa alio. 

Dmii. VwfO, 1S7. & 

X. Jaaaaa L writaa cyaii. 

■ I Thy braalii vata 
W(Ha with tha taraa of thyaa tvm clara. 

•'ThaanahatoaeludaharyyAea.'' Widii; Mat. iz. 

£EN, «• An oven, AbenL, Meams. Hence, 

IUbn-cake, •• A thick cake made of oatmeal 
with yeast, and baked in an ovtfiiy ibid. 

EENBRIOHT, adj. Shining, lummons. 

^««Xha hfown briatlr akin on tha oataida of it waa 
an ataading thick o' tenori^ hwiining dropa lika mora- 
iitfdaw." Parila of Man, ii. 190. 

Ihia ia an arratam for u-brighL Bat a?an thia haa 

EEND, adj. Even, straight, Boxb., apparent- 
\j q. €veH*d. 

To EENIL, V. a. To be jealous of ; applied 
to a woman who suspects the fidelity of her 
husband. She is said to unU him ; Fife, 
nearly obsolete. 

Thia ia undoabtadly tha aama word with B^ndiff^ 
Mii. Bi/mdluigt o. t. It aaama to ha aoftenad from In* 
ittXUmg^ oaad hy Danhar. V. tha quotatioa nndar £ld« 

mvo. IhaTaheanablatothrownolighton thaorinn 
of tha tann ; and, af tar a aacond azapiination of tna 
oogaata dialaetBi hava aMt with nothing mora aatia- 

EENEIN, s. EJndrod in all its extent, 
Dumfr. ; synon. with KUh and Kitu 

Pariu^ from A. -S. aegem, propria^ and cya, propago, 
aognatio ; or tha firat part of tha word may ba from 
•eH^lagitimtta, gannanaa, "* 


EENLINS, 9. pL Of equal age, Perths. 

Thia mora naarly i^proaehaa tha original fonn of tha 
word than EUdins, q. t. It aaama a oontr. of eaea- 
a^Mwit. Tha tarmination might aaam to ba fanned 
from A.-S. eiUdmge, did not thia danota old aga^ aa* 

EENOW,t. Presently, S. B. 

Groaa mentiona A. Bor. taoo aa naed in tha aama 
aanaa; which, howoTar much diagaiaad, ia meraly a 
corr. of eveaaoaa, jnat now. 

'* I haa aoma dainty caller haddiea, and they aall ba 
hat three ahillinga the doaen, for I haena pith to drive 
a bargain ifenom^ and maun jaat take whiU ony Chria* 
tian bod]r win ffiawi' few words and nae Ayting.** An* 
tiaiiary, iiL 210. 

rernapa I ooriit to mention that Dan. ea<laii aig- 
a&U, to tnia Taiy day ; aa, iStiert Uaeder are 

andna foerditf; Yoor anit m dothea ia not yet done. 
Dafarandnnfo&ft; Itiaooldj<i/(. Thia ia from am^ 
atfflt and aa now, at praaant. 

EENS, ^ even as.** OL Sibb., S., properly 

KENT, a common abbreviation among the 

vulgar, used in affirmation. If it be said, 

'^That's no what I bade you do^** or ^bring,** 

the answer is, ^ It^s eent^^ S. 

PkobaUyaoorr.of eveiitf^La. " It ia tha very thing.'* 

To EER, V. n. To squeak as a pig, ShetL 
EERA&f, •• A boat-song, a ro^ving soiig. 

•« Think yonraelf^ dear Morag, how my own heart 
wanna to hear them ainging the eeram of their clan ; 
ttat fine deep Oaelio which none but a danaman can 
fea.** Saxon and Gael, iT. 49. 






nb if prapcriy a GmL word, althotigh It !■ wntteo 
•ad iMWOOiiead imrramk, tiM our lODg. It u ftpp^ 
tlM MOM with Jaram. 

BF RTE, adj. Timoious, lonelj. V. Eur. 

EEBTHESTREEN, «. The night before 
yesternight, S. 

I wmodht it /«ri]Ui«r«m «po' the plain, ' 

Hfli»tlM dctfaognphy it improper, ••^>^/«^J^ • 
flOBlr. «l*eMr. V: SLsftSTSsruxir ; and for the ety- 

EESOME, adj. Attractive or gratifying to 
tiieeye, S. 

••Look •! them now. my "dy-^ wtody deny 
thnftthnft'sanMWMeooapUr Reg. Didton. lu. 150. 

EET, #. A customs V. Ett. 
EETNOCH, s. A moss-grown predpitona 
rock, Ayn. 

.— '*TMr Moetr notee loodht awn alang the howe 
^the^an^ mid bonniely eoho*t amang the anld nay 
ggtaedS peg. MwdU] like evermair." Edin. Mag.» 

Apca laai, pi ass. 

EEVENOO, adj. Very hungry ; a term 
nearij obsolete, Roxb. 

Ammiwitly <dianged from C. B. neufffnog, newjfmnigt 
Innm; frmudieds from fiei0y% hunger, iamme; Ir. 

EWHSY.adj. Hungry, Ayrs, Gl. Sunr^ p. 
691. 2Wry» Boxb. 

Ihfe seami to he the aame with Teoerjf, need hy 
BeBmidon, aa ngni^ng greedy, ▼oractona. We may 
add to etymon. Id. yj/Wr, Tehemena, aTidva. 

EFFAtTLD, adj. Upright, honest. V. 

ERAUiJ>iiiB> adv. Uprightly. 

«« We hind mid dUeiM m-^attldlk and faithf«nie 
—to iofne in the mantenanoe of the friedome and 

bwlblnea «l the foinaid parliament.'' AeU Cha. L, 

Md. iai4, y. sia. 

It makoahaoidly written e/oU/y. 

—••The tenonr thereof to be followed oat tfoUUjf aa 
the aamine ia laid oat in the aaid proclamation.*' Act 
Qenena Aammbly. A. 1S38, p. 81. 

EFFE, Elfie, abbrev. of the name Euphemia^ 
aa ia also Fomts. Act. Audit, A. 1493, p. 

EFFECFULL, adj. Effectual. 

—••Oar aooerane Lady in her parliament— maid 
•etb for oidooring of Notaria and puniachement of fal- 
aaria. onhilkia aa yit hea tane na dew and efet^tttt eze^ 
— s^^ Acta Mary, 1655» Ed. 1814, p. 496. 
the form of thiaword there u great 

to auppooe that it la tne ongm oi ui< 
Ad^Mi^ q. T. nndec FscK. 

EFFECTUOUS, adj. 1. Affectionate. 

Gif ony thoeht nmordii your myndii alsoa 

Ofthecfediicwf pietematernale, 

Loea heoe 1tan4K echaik doan your hana aL 

Jhuff. VwgU, 22L a. 

Z.K ^fiettm-mi, id. V. AmcruouB. 

2. Powerful, efficacious. 

••Thir ar thay qnha alhei* thay he ay leamwd. Yit 
thayeun nerer to the knanledge of the rentie, be* 
Mua thay reaaoit not the trea cheritie,thattha}r micfat 
he aaif. Thairfor Ood vU aend thame ane ^mCmoii^ 
mid atnng delnaion of error, that thay vd gif oredito 
» kiai^ XTieol Bame'a Diapatotion« oppoa. p. 1. 


Effbotuouslie, adv. Affectionately. 

••The ehanceUoar reqnmated hie grace ^ediMuRe 
that he wold he ao good to dedair him aelff out of 
that priaone qoherin the goTemoor moat wickedlie 
j^^-iLik;^^ Piteoottie'a Cron., p. 26. 

To EFFEIR, Effebe, v. n. 1. To become, 
to fit. 

HtchdataSaaeasdidtfarhim. .^ ^ „ . 
C»r.XM|,rt.a Kd.CaUmid«r. 

8«s an hia ftdioBie form thereto ^dn. 
The which for Slth I wiU not Me your ean. 

PMwiri, Waimm** CoU., iii. Si 

2. To be proportional to. V. Naifbie. 

—••And heeanae the proportional parte are to he 
paid hy ua,— therefore it ii hereby declared, that the 
debitor ahaU have letentioa free hia creditor m the 
fiietendof hia rent or annual rent of hia due propor- 
tional part of the aaid aum, ^ein'fi^ to the rate and 
Quanti^of the aaid annnal rent or burden, P*y«hle 
by the aaid debitor to him or them." Band, A. 1641^ 
Spaldini^ i. 205. 

[3. As an tmners. ▼. EfferU, it behoves, is 
cnstiMnary, oelongs. 

II ia flenendly naed import. For examples, V. Bar- 
bov, A 413, s. 2a, 77, Skeat'a Ed.] 

Effeib, Effeb, Effebe, s. 1. What is be- 
coming one's rank or station. 

Quhy Boold thar not hafe houeit wddis, 
&thair«etaitdoand^€»>>. ._ .^ 

2. A property, quality. 

Than calUt echo all Sourli that grew on feild, 
DiMryriBK all tbair famiouaa and ^«ir>. . ^ ,^ 
Jhmbar, BamuUymM Poemi, p. 6, it 1». 

Thia, howerer, may aignify appearance. V. AfvsB. 

[3. Behaviour, demeanour, &c. V. GL Bar- 
bour, Skeaf s Ed.] 

EFFEnuNDUE, adv. In proportion. 

_«« And for the feird fault to be baniat <Mr put in 
waicd for the apace of yeir and day,— and aiclyke of 
all Tther eetatia after thair qualito foinaid to be pu- 
niaehit ^einuidBt.'' Acto Hary, 1651, Ed. 1814, p. 

[laL atf€9, conduct; from ai vad/ara^ to go.] 

To EFFERE, Effeib, v. a. 1. To fear, to 
be afraid of. 

Unaieralfon memberia of the Antichriat, 

SIxtoUasd your humane traditioon, 

Cbntrair the initnietioun of Christ ; 

JU^it ye not diuine punitiona T 

^ ^ XyiiSay'* ITarHi, 16W, p. 74. 

2. To affright. 

Ka wound nor wapplnmycht^rmMTtf^w. 

Dong, Fiffyu, SSf . w. 

A.-S. ^o/Kt^mt^ terxera. V. AmRD. 




To EriKBi 9. fi. To fear. 

OidaWblr ^dr tba 1m be not offtndll, 
6ridlk hM cnltit thM to lie hoooar, 
Of Mi MpfQ to bo aao gooonioar. 

[Emun; pari, p^ Afraid, Barbour.] 
Evnur, Effratmo, •• Fear, terror. 

>«Kir tbaim an oo m mo m aly 
oadaa hardy, 

JMMHr, Id. SOa li& 
iUi foboB'tho Tmpii cmnpAaj 
flttvoB thofaa em aa aodaaly 
IBl ialky ftir owt jn abajiiyiig, 

iUd, is. 500, Ma 
fe 4my4r« to oAJi^t. 

^vnuTiT, pari. p. Afraid, Barbour.] 

EFFRATlHiT, ado. Under the influence of 

Qpbm Seottta SMB bad aana thaia nm 
^hiyi tfy fla att ftair way. 

In mt Ij i»ott tbaia aelioi thi 
And alow and tnk a grat party, 
Ha kiff OBd Ml ^^^MkT 


r, ZTtt. S77, 680; Ma 

EFFOBE^/M^ Before, afore. 

* ''Oar aoaanno bxda^ Aa aowreiatMratiB ft reponia 
bimto tiManrnm atnto an boiraa <fSreth« aamin.'* 
Aotn Jn. v., US35b Ed. 1814, p. 938. 


— ^BtaUbodlib and banldaoarbald with banooaru 

Clada oar with dena ebtthia, 


Ha €^M waa Am amaa 

IbaiyoaaaohoU. ITotclate, iU. 8^ MS. 

B»f orrwiL an m ICa, mmoo or tapeatiy ia certainly 

■yil^ an Mr. Pink. mijfL the word. Aa to ^fre»tt the 

g a qnir ea that it ahoold aignify, beat^ moat ex- 

ti^'tiMftioattapeateT thnt could be aeen.** It 

indoed to bo mmLj^ UL </H' K^ aoperior, need 

in tiM onperintiTOb Tbia in laL ia rfttr; G. Andr., p. 

ML 1J7. Bni tiM mpailatiTO of jfppart ia ypprlsi, 

ffpett pneoelIen% XPpeni; pneatatiaaimiu ; 

n. 7iRpa» olofnra. 

TEFS^adv. After. 

adiyr Awff aaid, thowii it wordia tak, 
QafiD a^ for bym prowiaioana we nay mak. 

Wail4»e€, ia 879, Ma 
b FHth odit ommoonafy ^/Iw*. 

For naair ayne with ana aaw I hfr </t, 
Hor nonar ^bak, frn ache waa loist or reft 

Lotiff. Virga, 68. 28. 

Tbo pot blm 8Mth a pykor befoie Pilate and aaid ; 
Tbia Jeana apon Jewaa taniple iaped k despised 
1\a liBrdo it on one day, and in thre dayes aifter 

Sdifte It Vt now ; bare be ataodes that saide it. 

P. PioM^wian, Pol 07, a. b. 

A.-8. oeA ^ poot O. Sax.' aupt^ laL epiir, id. ; 
bn* tbnra m an oloer form. 94 or ^ 

Err-GASTEL, EFT-0Cinp» ^* the stem or hin- 
der part of the ship^'' Budd. 

And to the «ddb maid thU TTisona, 
Btttand in the hie ^^t-easfetf of the schip. 

Dimp. VirgO, 96. 7. 

Ftttt or bia </|.fcftlp ane bekin gart be atent 

/M.» 8& 47. 

S.a^/l;iin•odiBtiwaamo•onao. V. Err^ 

ErTEB, Eftir, prep* After. 

*'With qnhnl oidoar foUowia the aaxt command 
iJlertho fift?** Abp. Hamiltoan'a Catechiune, 1661, 

" Bot k wo ^ftir Bi^»tyme fal in aynnia, aappooe thai 
bo Booir an jfPvpooM and mony, we haue the aecnnd 
lemoid quhiik ia the aaonunent of Ponanoo," Ibid., 
FoL 119, n. 

A.-a {^lyr, poot Mr. Tooko yiowb after aa the 
ooBBMr. of 40; A.-a o^ DiTon. PUrL, 1. 444. Of 
tiiia 1 can aeo no proof. It ia oppoeed by the analogy 
of the cognate langoagea ; Moea-Q. q/Iro, 9a. -Q. ^«r, 
nnc (/fir, laL epiirt aphtt, aepiir, Alem. <\fter, all 
hnviog the aame meaninf^ BSven laL ^rt, when need 
aa n eompar., poaterior, differa only in orthography 
from the prep. 9><er, poat ; epteraa, poatea. 

Eftib A2VB, adv. Uniformlj; q. having the 
aame exemphir, S. 

Fal wale I wate my text sal mony like. 
Syne ^Ir one my toong ia and my pen, 
Qnbilk may anfllca aa for oar ▼olnr men. 

Ikmg. Ftiyif, 402, 80. 

Eftbe-cummabb, •• A successor. 

*'Jaaian doick of Chattellaranlt— proteatit in hia 
swne name, bii ^r cummairiSf h remanent rychtnisa 
Unide that may ancoeide to the eroane of Sootlan<l," 
ftc. Acto Mary, 16S7. Ed. 1814, p. 605. 

This ia formed in the aame manner aa A.-a </ier- 
0enga» n saooeaaor, '*ono who goea after.** 

Eftib-faixis, 8. pL Apparently, remains, 
residue; perhaps equivaient to proceeds^ 

— **l>ofalkand to tbo aaad Laorence in tbe payment 
of tiw aaid aonmo, nlaamekle aa the ^Ur-faltU of the 
toia of the aohip^ calUt the Katrine^ ia pn&fit of avale^" 
fto. Act AndSt., A. 1488, p. lia 

Eftib Hend, adv. Afterwards, S. 

And ^trka^ in the aame cheptoor God aaia thoa to 
the aame peple : El dianHi, absque peccaio et innoeens 
awn, &0. Abp. Hamiltoan'a Catechiame, ProL Fol. 

1, b. 

As Sa.-0. ^fier baa the aame meaning with A.-S. 
a^fter^ ham ia often contr. from haedoHf hence. Than 
haedim ^fUr aignifiea dehinc, poethac. In the aame 
manner, Belg. oorAem, before, u formed : A.-S. Acona 
oorreoponda to Sa.-0. Aoee^sn, Aoen. 

Efteb H£ND, prep. After. 

**IffUrhend all tlua, thai tomit thame to the bre« 
knria of the Uw, ft apak to thame mair acharply aayiii^^ : 
Corait and wariit sail thow be in the citie & curait in 
the feild." Abp. Hamiltoan'a Catechxsme, Fol. 8» a. 

"The Apoetif aanct Paule reheraand the deidia of the 
fleaehe, reokina manaUachtor amang thame, aayand 
^r hend thame all, Quhn aa doia thame ft aidik, sail 
nocht get the kingdome of God." Ibid., Fol. 60, b. 

Eftbemess, 8. A desert. 

Thai serayt thaim on aa gret wane. 
With sdierand swerdya, and with knyfBs, 
That weile ner all left the lyvys. 
Thai had a felloan ^remeu ; 
That sowr channs to chaigand wea. 

iteftoicr, xirL 467, Ma 

Ed. 1820. 

A.-S. a</ler and fN4*««^ a meal. To thia Sw. </tfr. 
miMie correaponda, alao aignifying a deaert 




EFTSON YS^ ocb. Sooo after, in a short 

l aiyywrntarriy 
Tkar mU wiMrtU, tkM auiy bt. 
Diyt* at miMm« to tiM M. 
Mint MMlv bfr tek wfll ^ 
Qnhiftklr It bt trfUU or aapr. 

^---* V M If ft 

0. X. <^feioofUL TUt Dr. Johnt. tftyt it f ormod of 
^ and ttCN, " Irf tiM oonhiBetMHi of two wordt of the 
tMDO mttmiig.'^ Bat aiwoagh both wordt denote 
Mtfetiioritj M to time, they art by no meant tynon. 
Som giTtt the idea of brtrity ; batyi, i.e. qfier, re* 

apeota the f atort Qute indtllmtely. It it immediately 
lonned from A.-S. eft^mmot dto pott But it it alao 
randertdt itemm, deintegro^ rarrat, "forthwith or 
agatne}** Sonmer. It amy bMur thit hitter tignification 
hart} **Iahanaoti^aiBfDto 

EFTSYIS, adv. Oftimes. This is men- 
tioned bj Rud<L Bnt I have not marked 
aiij plan in Dong. ViigiL 

Aa A.-8. ajgnilJM ittrom^ rormt, it haa been 
ifiawed aa tiM origm of B. ^ a <|/l. S^ ia the pL 
from iu-a tttik vioa. 

EOAL, adj. EqnaU Fr^ Meams. 

— b ihape and tim thai wert moit ml. 
To make the tonit mot fair and lagL 

Mmim'MF9em§, pi lia 

EOE OB YBE. Edge or point. 

** And ffif ha hnrtia or defonlia with ftlhmn attail* 
yeing with ege or wre, he tal remayn in pretoon," Ac. 
krL JtL U A. 14S^ Aoti Bd. 1814, p. 21. V. Vbb. 

[EGO» V. To incite, to nige. Barbonr.] 
[EiOOiNa, •• Uigingy incitement. Barbonr.] 

*EOO. One of the childish modes of divina- 
tion, nsed on HalloWen, S. B., is to drop 
the white of an egg in wine, or any pure 
lianid. According to the form that the 
snostance assnmes, the fnture lot of the 
person is nnderstood. If a fine hindscape 
with trees, Ac, appears, as interpreted by 
the lively workings of an excited fancy, 
one is fated to enjoy a country life : if high 
houses and steeples meet the eye, it is to 
be a town life. 

Melted lead it dropped in water, in the Weat of S. 
€Q the tame evening. Althoo^ I do not reooliect 
that any partionlar rtaaon ia attiflned for it; there can 
bo no donbt that it haa origimSly been done with a 
aimilar intention. 

To Drbam of BOOS, is viewed as foretokening 
anger. Bnt if they are broken, the power 
of the charm is lost, Teviotd. 

Eqo-bbd, i. The ovarium of a fowl, S. 
8w. Dan. cj^j^-tfodfc. 

EoOLAB, i. A hawker, who collects eygs 

through the country for sale, S. A. 

**The nnmbera and aget, aa taken in 1791, are~ 
Ftndiclen, lO-^J^yfer^ 2." Statitt. Aoc P. Mertoun, 
xiT. 689. 

Eooa, M. pL Yfr§ of your egff$f a phrase 
applied to one who is under a mistake as to 
any matter of fact, or who forms an unjust 
conclusion from facts. It is sometimes 
thus expressed, *^ Yir^ a' ajfyour eggs^ and 
on cauld chuddestanes.'' 

The allntioB it eridentlv to a fowl leaving her eggi^ 
or aitting on aomething elae, anppoting that they aro 
under hfor. 

Eoo-eHELL. Breaking of an Egg^iheU. 

" Here [in Angna] Nwovoaj/ it alwayt talked of an 
the land to ^hich witchea repair for their unholy 
meetinn. Ko old*£tahioned nenon wiU omit to break 
an tggMU, if he aeet one whole, Ittt it thould terre to 
eonTey them thither." Edin. Hag., Feb. 1818, p. 117. 
Thia ooatom it aa andent at leatt aa the time of Pliny. 
" For feart likewiae of tome harme, tee wee not that 
it it aa ntoaU thing to emth and breake both ejM« and 
fiah «Ae2i^ toaoone aaoTer the meat ia tupped and eaten 
out of them ; or elae to bore the tame through with » 
apoonettele or bodkin r Hitt, B. zzvilL o. 2L 

He it hart tpeaking ol the power of "the infemaU 

EOGTAOOLE, $. 1. The act of wasting 
time in bad company, Ayrs. 

2. ExpL as denoting immodest conduct, ibid. 

The latter part of the word ia obnoutly from the ▼. 
fe Taiifie, q. v. 8haU we auppoae that the term ia 
formed Irom the idea of a aervant being hMatdt or 
pretending to be ao^ in teeking for cyi^/ 

EGIPTIANIS, «. j»L The name formerly 
given to Gipsies, as they gave out that thev 
came to Europe from Egypt. 

—"The JEnpCJcMif k George Faw their capitane,** 
fta Aberd. Rtg., A. 1548, V. le. 

"George Faw ft Johnne Faw EaintloMia war coo- 
Tictit, ftc. for the Uud drawing of sande Barrowne, 
ftc. and ordanit the taidia JSgiotianU to pay the bar* 
hour for the leyching of the taia Barrowne." Ibid. 

EGLIE, i. Some peculiar kind of needle- 

"A claith of eatait of gold damaakit tpraingit with 
reid eglie in breadia of oUith of g^d and crammoain 
tatine fumiatit with ruif and tiull, thre pandit aU 
frenyeit with threidit of gold and reid ailk.'* Inven- 
toriet, A. 1561, p. 123. 

Fr. aiffmiU, eauUl^ wrought or pricked with nee- 
diet, Irom aigMiue^ a needle. Aigutli^ at a «., it alao 
apptied to the thread, tilk or wool, uted in the needle ; 
Certaine quantity de fil, de aoie, de laine, qn*on paaae 
dana una aicuiUe, proportionn^e a Tetendue du braa 
qui la tire. Diet. Trer. 

name given on the Firth of Forth to the 
Saury Pike. V. GowDiVXOOK. 

To EICEN/o. a. To desire the male. V. 
Eassin, v. 

EIDENT, adj. Busy, diligent. V. Ithand. 

EIDER DOUN, properly the down of the 
eider duck, or anas molussima, Linn. 

** Thia uteful tpeciet it found in the Wettem Itlea of 
Scotland, — and on the Fam itlet ; but in greater num. 
ban in Norway, Iceland and OreeiUand : from wheac« 




A fMl ^pumUltf €f tiM doiwB, known bv tW didm of 
JUr or «lilcr» wUoh Umm birds funiah, k annnaUy 
fa i p o g ltd. Iti WBiTkaWy li^t» dnrtM and WArm 
■ftkt it hii^y m t uSJo M d m » itaiBiig for 
hf todi niiMn a« or infbmitiM randor 
I to rappott tho weight oioommfln blaaketo. The 
is piodneed from the brcnet of the bird In the 
iMTMMOn." PMUBMlfs Brit ZooL,]^ 681. 


EDTEST, adj. used oJv. Especial! j. 

^'HenCofo we beltere it tobe worthie. gpdlie and 
■aiitoUa to mak Jnat wit naaaing to the weritie ; that 
the waritie be not hide nor amnrit down, that Teritie 
a[|te throw laik of tiM qnhilk mjndiee m* be ganerit 
oontrair one famoeant.' Dip(oai% Bany'a Orkney, 
JuBWf pu oOd* /TBMrfiaif Orii^ Dead* 

laL jfter, anpramna. 

ToEIE,w.a. 1. To add; K «ii. 

—*• And that thai ctt no oovbOle lor the aaid 6aeh- 
imgm hot aa Tae ft wont wea of befote." Aot. Dom. 
Oono^ A. 14BU F- <!«. 

To EoEy V. fi. To addy to subjiHiu 

whieh the jodiciooa reader 

to elude hie 

Jiiat grieranoaa or not^ they eik thiia : ' Am 

it nnwiUing to fall npon a^y ^ n aa ti ona which 

to iBDmort the leaat oonlmdietion with hie 

'" AoHSpaldin^ i. 18S. V-theiL 

Edc, Eex, Eke, •• An addition, S. 

'Ooneamtng the lamoval of tliia Ur^ edt, ron 
[1 be adTiaad, when I oome to apaak m general of 

the Mnorina cdb." MazweU'a Bee-Maator. pu 6Z 
^'likalj Dooi them n great dtt will be pat to 
' la prooaai^ which baf ore waa long and odioua 
BnDie'a Lett, i. S2S. 
ta&m^ ee^Ms Moaa^. mJt-m^ flau-O, odb-o, 
B^ki eedh^n^ addera. 
AL nnfa. to add. oaiK addition.] 
IW «. and €Oti/. am both naad in & 

iUkfpram. Each; Dong. 
A.-a de. Tent Mt, id. 

EIE, «• 1. The liniment used for greasing 
ahoepi 8* JL» 

S* A sort of nnctnona perspiration that oozes 
thiongfa the pores ot the skin of sheep in 
warm weather, Eoxb ; often called Sheep^ 

— **nat an theip be marked with keill, and not 
with tar or pick.— That none qnho aeilia wooU shall 

Hbm aamyna^ or pnt in any worae wooU or filthe 

tn mak yp weight thairin. — ^And that bacans the eik 

' filthinea of the aamene ia a great prejudice to the 

thairof^ and can a c a the aaraen wooU oryea 
thairof to rot in n abort apace.** Acta Cna. L, 
Sd. 1814, ▼. 802. 

MBt m naad in the aame aenae in Korthnmberland. 

Thia aeama to be n rery ancient word, perhapa in- 
I wwlii ae d by tlie Belgae into Britain. It ia obnoualy 
nlliad to Tent, edt, aekf rea foeda, et nanaeam movena; 
Mod. 8ajL edL poa^ aaniei^ eck^em, eznlcarara ; Kilian. 
U. «ur la mcfL cariea aoli, ab aqva. 

A.-B. eaco, additamentom, from eoe-an, addera ; q. 
aoHMthing added to the natural covering of the aheep^ 
OB additional defence from the <?oM« 

EIEWEDER, •• A wedder of a particular 

— **Gonfizmaa the gift— of the few maiUia, ftw 
datiaa, caynaa, eUtweaen^ taind lambea, and other 
mentioned in the mortificatioan— to Mr. Johne Dun* 
cane Miniatar at Cnlroa." Acta Cha. L, Ed. 1814, V. 

Whether thia rafera to thaae weddera being corerad 
with tUtf ie. baameared ; or to their being given in 
odcfitfon to aome f onnar pft, ia nncertain. 

EIEEND,f. The short chain which attaches 
the Aeeti or traces to the swingletrees in a 
plough, Cljdes. 

Thia miffht aaem to raaemUe A.-d. tgegunft a word 
BTan bj Aalfric, in the aenae of oeeolte, which denotea 
harrowmg. ESkend may, howerer, be compoonded of 
A.«& a c o w , to ifa^ and md^ finii^ q. toioin the ends of 

To EELD, Eld, v. n. To wax old. 

"Thaiifora aaid the moral poato Horace ; He that 
aAfif in lua awin contra^ not following aic thingia aa 
bma done afora him, for laik of experience ia hot ane 
bama." Belland. Cron., ConcL, F. 249, b. 

Tbii aU haiard canria ooar flndU hoto 
Bpratii aad figuiia m hia Ima hawit bota^ 
All thocht ha tUdU waa, or itep in aga, 
Ala fary and alt awippar aa ana page. 

Dwg. VirgO, 178. 68. 

He [Valariana] waa tana be Sapora kyng of Para, A 
hia army '^'■'^■"'yK A aaUil in aa miaeraby U aamitude 
that Sijpcre maid ane atole of hia bak to leip on hia 
bora." BeDand. Cron., B. tL, a 1. Conacnaitt, Booth. 

Au-fl. eoU-Mm, Tetoraacera^ 

EiLDy Eld, $• 1. Any particular period of 
human life, in relation to the time of birth, 

Giff cay daya in thia bataiUa, 
Hia a jr, hoi ward, ralaif, or taila^ 
AU be he aaoir aa yoaag CO aUL 

Sar«0«ir, jdL S29; M& 

Off Jvpftlar my yiag jaria bawant 
Wald aaa nataia, in aio atrmthia and iiU, 
So aa I waa anhan flzat in battaU faUd 
Ihaarmaa of the ciatia dona I dang I — 

Ihug. Ftrya, 28100. 

Uaad alao in 0. X. 

Sigbart, kyng of Eitaax, in MU waa ha mora. 

Am Annua, p. S* 

Bmmm eiU; of the aame age^ or eqnal in age. 

Aad glf ha war on Ufa qnhil now in fara, 
Hahadbana«»m«aiwiththa,and hadrpara. 

A. Bor. «oM, id. **He iataUof hiaaoU, he ia taU 
of hia age ;" Uroae. 

2. A generation. 

Nor Caenlua waa not abaant, traiit me, 
— <)uham al eUdis npotia and schawia na 
Enganarit was by tha Ood Vnlcanoa. 

Dwg. VWgU, 882. 28. Aataa, Viif., riL 68a 

3. A division of time in chronology, includuig 
many generations, an era. 

Now hava yba herda on qnhatkyn wyia, 
I hava oontanyt thia tratys, 
Tnk fritX fonrmyt was Adam, 
Tj\ this tyma nowa of Abraham, 
And bath tha ddjfi has tana anda^ 
Aa in all atorya waUa ia kanda. 

■ IL 




Om^MmmA ludt tkvt thowMuid yhtn 
HjM nowM aiidfDiirt onn pMtjrt ckrt,^ ^ 

IFynloiiii^ Cfvik IL^ Rtm* & 

4. AgBt the advanced period of life. 

HtlMiMfa tUi my Tjrla mfreyld j ags, 
OMntI WTth hMUt hart and faynt dottgt^ 
QihMM mid vods of al tiwith and f«rito 

Dmv. Firyd; S22. 6S. 



iTwi bj Ben Jobiod m a Korth«<xmntiy 

Wbo Momi at ibl^ poabs of hitowM jcmag biirML 

Shakoapov wet aid in oao paaaage wbara'tho 

— >Wall joa kBOw, 
naanp«atitiooa idla-liaadad AM 
Baoiirdt aad did dalivar tOLoar a«t 
llda tala of Hkma tha hunlar for a tratli. 

Mtnjf Wimi ^f Wi»dMfr^ 

SooM nndanlMid old aga^ othora old people, aa 
It nam imther to atgnify antiqiiify, aneiont 

Bndd. doiiTea tlna wwd from oU; SibK 
p ro pri e ty from A.-a. ettM^ aener, Tetna. Botitiamoro 
immediately allied to yU; yftlou vaed in moat of the 
a eaaaa mentioQed abore; "Aetaa, CniilAi>% Ma^ 
pnafilia aetaa, QnthL Vit. Aeynm aaacnlmii* Seo/orme 
yid rtfmein wandde, pcimam aaacnlimi hajoa mnndi ; 
Aelfr. Seneotiia ; raonecCerstte^aeiiectaanoalaederet, 
CMhB.ap.Lm " Eild did aa dera,'* S. Moe»«. aU, 
pfOgenJee, laL aOd^ aider, Sw. aeider, aetaa. Theae 
Satmi. deriTea from aUi, gignera ; O. Andr. from Hah. 
ift^httiadf aevom. 

8thb. obaerrea thatthia tenn '*ia alaovaed in the 
aanae of baxien ; eUd eov, one that yieldeth no milk.** 
Bat tiw wovda an qnite diffennt. V. Ybld and 

EiLD, adj. Old. 

Ana handieth maydynla had icha yoong and tOd, 
And ala mony of the sam age young awanyt. 

Doug. FMyO, 8& M. 

ElLDDfS, Eelddcs, Yealinos, a. pL Equals 
in age ; often pron. eUlins^ also yeUdim^ S. 

Iw yoVy a ap a cl e i by yonrMiI, 
Near mULina with the fan your god, 

Vm fcrly *tla to hear Ton toU, 
Te*n tiled and incUn'd to nod. 

Tkt Fhomux, Bnuof, it 498L 

JTenAi^ raaamMn A.-S. gt'tald'an, to grow old. 

Oye» my dear-iemembered, ancient uetUinat, 
Wan ye bat hen to ahare my wonnded feelingi 1 
Te worthy PToTeae^ an' mony a Bailie, 
Wha in the patha of rigfataousnaaa did toO ay. 

Biimt. lii. ST. 

Thta, I anapeetk ia merely the claaaical phran eiuV 
cOihiTerted, q. eUd-tuim. V. Eild, aenn 1. A.-S. 
t^n-eoAl, coeem^ ^n-eald, GL Aelfr. from nUd and 
^fen, equalia. laL yufnaldrt^ ooaetaaeaa, JcfiuUdrar, 

EiLDiT, /Miff. /Ml. Advanced in yean, aged. 

EILD, ElLLy adj. Applied to a cow that 
ceases to give milk, whether from age, or 
from beinff with calf. Border. JSU/, Annan- 
dale. V. I ELD. 

EILDING, «. Fuel. V.Eldin'. 

EIND, «. Breath. To tak one's eimd, to 
breathe a little, to draw breath, to rest 
from anj employment, especially if severe, 

TTjapenay bladaa doaa'd down on ataaea, 

Whtpt ont their aaiahin ndUiea ; 
And a^wera Uyth to 104; their cuMff^ 

And dab a pint o' LUlie'a 
Beat ale that day. 
CMifoMtf Ba^wgf Skinniet^§ Jfite. PoeC, pc 184 

JRmff ia rendered "refreehment** by the Editor of 
then poema. Bat thia moat be a nuatahe. The word 
IB eriaentlY the aann with Imd and Aptd^ q. t., both 
aignxfying oreath. 

EIR, •• Fear, dread, Ang. Hence «jry. Y. 

[* EIB, adv. Ere, f ormeriy, Barbour.] 

[EIR-QUHIL, adv. Erewhile, ere this, 

EIRACE, Earock, Erack, Errack, «. A 
hen of the first year ; one that has begun to 
lay. S. Hence an earoeKa egg^ one of a 
small size. Howtowdie^ synon. 

*' JSnod^ a diicken." Statiat. Aoe., zr. 8» N. 

He haa a danker od hia croaa. 
Like half aa «inKA*# edv^j—and yoon 
Undoabtedly ia Dancan Drone. 

2%e F^ ^/Mlea, p. la. 

What? hn yoa ony egga to aellt 

Jtm, Noanai 
I wat oar tappet erock laid bat twa. 
An' Jean an^ I baith took them to oar dinner. 


The writer of thia aooonat refen to Oacd. eirag. 
Thia indeed aignifiee a chicken ; apolleti a yonnff hen ; 
Shaw. Bat notwithatanding the coinddenoe, I have a 
atrong eoapidon that oar term ia properly weorocl:^ q. 
of the fint year. Qerm. jahrig, one year old. 


[EIRDED, part. pa. Buried, Barbour, xix., 
203, HarTs Ed., 1616.] 

EISDROP,«. The eaves. ''The eisdropot 
the said hous ; " Aberd. Reg. V. Easing. 

[EISS, V. a. To comfort, to satisfy. 

Of mete A drink and othlr thing. 
That mycht thame eisa thai had plente. 

Barbomr, ▼. »1, Skeat'a Ed.] 

EISSEL, adj. Easterly, S. A. 

"On Monanday night he cam yont to atop^ the 
ewee aff the hogs-fence, the wind bdng eieaet" 
Brownie of Bodab^c, i. 12. 

A.-S. eati'deU, ortua ; ae etuM, Loth., ia from A.-S. 
eoef-foi^ orientalia. 

EISTTT, adv. Rather; also pron. a$tii^ 
Ayrs. V. Astit. 

EISTLAND, adj. A term applied to the 
countries bordering on the Baltic Hence, 
giatland tymmer^ M^^od from Norway, &c. 





•«Itapi» b tint Palmar of dab um •tuid bed of 
tymoMT with nif aad pmdmU of tho naM." 

"^ A. iMOi p. aoi. . 

DTGHyf. An instrumeiit vued b J a cooper, 
'8w$ €ddie€ or adz€f E. 

""iRktoteoowptn^lbodoMB— lillziia.'* Rsfeai^ 

— ** As«b cKdUi^ drag mw, bow mw,** Aa Depra- 
JitioM oo tho CImi GAmpboQ, p. 02. V. Drug saw. 

A.-8. Misao, "aa tai^ aa addtoe, or cooper^s inatra- 

EITH, Etth. Eth, adj. Easy, S. 

nt fidk wttli owt, thai wm wtry,^ 
Saw thaia wItUa dafand thaim twa : 
lad WW It WM not mM to to 
. nataaa«qahiIliioaaf(Nieawflamad. 

JMmt, ztU. 464, ICa 


i^l&li dtaplaaari aald haaa bana tUM to btra. 

DoiyL Wryil, U4. SI 

IbttDpaalthasMwryttpi Ikad, 
. Thai ar aooeht iCit til wadynUad. 

Wpmiawn, vUL 4. »1 

JU» id. B. BnmB% ^ 194. 

Wild ttal bkoaa Griitan, ftiUa ea'l wart to dnwa» 
Bat I dar aot far thaoi alia oas to Itua oar lawiL 

- ** Di^I aftA to kaap tha caatla that waa aarar ba- 
iiil^;'' 8. PkVT. «'apokea with bittaniaaa» by a haad- 
•OBM wooua, whaa aa agly oaa valla bar a w— a ; ia- 
1^*-'-g that aobody wQlgiTa her tha tamptaticm.'' 
KaOjt pu M. 
A. Bar. A.-& aolA, iiaoilia; Ld. oad; Sa.-0, ad; oed, 
ad; Mod. Sax. cede, id. Tbia, aoeordiaff to 
Buiy ba- dariTod from Gr. t&et, moa. Ihra 
that tha root ia obaolata. It aiay parfaapa ba 
froaa Sa.-0. «d-a» cnpara. placare ; or laL ae, 

J: It - 

ant. made, paaaara^ qaiaaoara. It propaiiy aigaifiea, 
la laat witti eattK ^ giTa tham tiaia to braatha. V. 

aaad adTarbiaUy >— 

mm> traabka eHk waia bora ; 

What ba^i^ waddan^ or what Ifaoiy't acoraf 

^JUklmaady 8D0O fiMgottaa}" Baaiaay'a 8. Pkvr., 

-> A.-8. tmtktHe ia aaad aa aa tuff, ia tha aaaia aaaaa 
wlA eatk; whaaaa thia aii^t ba origiaaUy fonaad. 

Srhab, Ethab, eamp. Easier. 

Vor «Aar ii^ qaha list lyt dooa aad mota, 
Aaa Ylhw aayaiis ftltii to apya and note, 
Ihaa bat oiinoa or Ul% thuaa lelf to writa. 

An^ Virga, 48a. 41. 

EfTHLTy adv» Easily, S. 
EITHER, a<ftr. Or. 

**Bf BO Biaaaa woald wa admit tham either jadaaa 
ia hia eaaa^ eiiker aoditoia of tha aama." Kaoz'a 

i(Ub woid ia atill oocaaioaally aaad ia both aeaaea, 
Aafi laL eda, edr, tint, aan, aire ; Aleai. athe, aat, 
vil ) Sehiltar. Thaaa hare mora tha appca r aaca ti 
ptimiti f a a thaa A.4L aegiker. V. Atkuu 

KTZETi, AizuB, IsiL, Isel, «. 1. A hot 
aniber, S* 

ahaflUrd bar pipe wi* ilc a laat; 

la wiath iha waa tat Tap'ria, 
aha aatSe'd aa. aa mide brant 

Bar braw aaw woiaat apnm. 


S. A bit of wood reduced to the state of char* 
ooal, S. In this sense the phrase, brunt to 
an rix$U is used as to anj bodj that leaves 
a residuum possessing some degree of 

8. Metaph. for the ruins of a oountiy desokted 
by war. 

Had not beat batter tbama ia thare natyaa liald 
Haaa dttin ityll amang the asaii cald, 
Aad latter iiOTiit of than kynd eonti^ 
Extremoa einerM, Vijg, Demg. Virgil, S14 41. 

A.-a. fde^ faTillaas "ambar% hot aahaa. Lane, 
hodiaqaa iafea;*' Soamab.. lal. eyao, oarboaea caadaatea 
aab eiaara. O. Aadr. xafara to Hab. SM^ oeiA, igni% 
pu Sa Goth. ieUUa, calx. 

EEIE, s. A proper name. .V.Eckie. 
ELBOCE, Elbuck, g. Elbow, S. Rudd. 

Hab fldg'd aad lengli. hU eUmek clew, 
Baith fimr'd and fond a ip'Ht to Tiaw. 

R/meoffe Poane, VL 6Sa 

**Shabraka bar dftiidl at tha kirk door;" Bamaay'a 
8. ProT., pu 61 ; "apokaa of a thrifty aiaidaa, whaa 
aha baoomea a laiy wife.** Kelly, p. 293. 

A.-8. dboga, Bdg. eOe-hoege, laL Moge, Alaai. 
ainiajfo, tllemboige, id. from A.-8. dm, Alem, d, aCa, 
Balff. tile, Moea-G. aUema, IsL ulna, a word origiaally 
aaea to denote the arm, aad boge, earratura, from 
A.-8. hftgHm^ Teat i^A-en, to bow. 

Elbow-obease, s. 1. Hard work with the 
arms, S., a low word. 

" Ha haa acartit aad diatit my gnde mahogaay toble 
paat a' the power o' beea-waz aad e^&oia grease to 
amooth." The Entail, iii. 84. 

It ia alao a proriacial E. word. 

2. Brown rappee, Aug. 

Elbowit gbabs, Flote Foxtail-Orass. AIo- 
pecnms geniculatus, Linn., Lanarks. 

It haa obrionaly baea denominated dbowU, or d 
towed; for tha aaaia raaaoa for which it beara the aama 

[ELD, ELDE,«. Age. V. Eild.J 

ELDARIS, Eldbts, s. pL Ancestors, far- 
bmrifSynoTu Barbour, iii. 223. Wyntown, 
ProL iiL 12. Doug. Virgil, 91. 49. 

Bat oiamplaa ara aaaaceaaary, ddere beiag atiU 
aaad ia tlia aaaia aaaaa ia E. ; A.-S. aiirior, aeaior. 
patar familiaa; 8a.-G. aeldre, aeaior ; from aid, old. 

* ELDER, s. Among Presbyterians, one who 
is elected and onbined to the exercise of 

Evemment in ecclesiastical courts, without 
ving authority to teach ; hence, for the 
sake of distinction, often called a ruUng 

"The JBder$, beiag elected, maat ba adaiOBiahed of 
their oflioa, which la to amiat the Miaiatera ia all 
pabUcke affidraa of tha Kirk ; to wii, ia determiaiag 
aad jadgiag caaaea, ia giriag admoaitioa to tha Ucaa- 
tiooa hTor, ia hariag reaMwt to the Biaaaera aad 
ooBTermtioa of aU mea withia their charge." Fiiat 
Baik of Diadpliaa^ 0. 1<M 4. 




fkir tOBM tima after tlio R«fommiion in 8., it wm 
ftqsind thai Elder* and Deacons thoald *'be made 
•rwy jeara oBoe,-*left of long oontinoanoe of euch 
oOoarab men ueeiune upon the liberty of the Kirk.** 
Ud., f Si Kow both are chosen ad vUam ant eulpam, 

A difforant leasoa is assigned, Knox's Hist., p. 267. 

**QQluIk boidaae thay patiently susteaned a yeir 
and maar. And then becaus they cold, not (withoat 
asgleetiiig of thair awen private houses) langer wait 
npoui the pnblict charge ; they desvred that thsy 
midit be raleaved, and that uthers micht be burdeined 
is thair ronme : Quhilk was thocht a petitioun ressona- 
biU of the haia Kirk.** 

ELDERSCHIPy «. 1. A term anciently 
applied to that ecclesiastical court which is 
now called a Presbyteiy. 

*' When we speikof the Elders of the particnlar con- 
gregationB^ we mein not that erery particular Parish 
Kmoan, or may have their awin particular Elder- 
scA^M^ espeeially to Landwart, biot we think thrie or 
ftmr» mae or mwar particular Kirks, mav have ane 
£Uersehip to them all, to judge their ecclesi- 

**T1m power of thir particular Eldertehips, is to use 
dfllgent labonrs in the boundis committit to .thair 
ehargs^ that the kirks be kepit in gude order.— It per- 
taiaes to the Bdenekip to take heid that the word of 
God be purely pteichit within their bounds, the sacra- 
mants nghtly miiustrat, Ac.'* Second Jkuk of Disci- 
pline^ 0. viL a. 10- 12. 

Ko iBtennediate court, between this Eldership and 
what ia BOW called a Provincial Synod, is mentioned 
aa either i^Tri^t i^g or necessary. 

** Assemblies ar of four sortie. For aither ar they of 
nurtumlar Kirks and Conflreflations ane or ma, or of a 
PtoTinoe, or of ane hail Nation,'* Ac. Ibid., a. Z 

It oocurs as synon. with Pretbyterp, Acts Ja. VI., 
UMKt; 0. 14 ; although th^re we find the phrase par* 
Uadar 8mthmt used distinctively. 

3. It 18 now used only with respect to the 
I[bk-ee88ion of a particular congregation, S. 

**We gave in, long ago, ,a paper to the great 
conmittee^ whereia we asserted a congregational eiders 
4d^p^ for governing the private affairs of the congrega- 
tioB, from the 18Ui of Matthew. Mr. David Calder- 
woody in his letter to us, has censured us greviously 

for io doing ; shewing us, that our books of discipline 
admit of no pmbytery or Menchip but one.** Baiuie*s 
Lett. ii. 18. 

A.-^ Mililer-«d|p^ princij^tns, "principality, senio- 
ritj,~«Bperiority whether in sge or place ;" Somner. 

ELDFADER, Eldfadir,^. 1. Grandfather. 

Ite King h js douchtre, that was fiur. 
And wss alt spersnd syr. 
With Waltrs Stewaii gsn he wed. 
And thai wsls aooe gat of thsir bed 
A kaaw child, throw our Lordis grace, 
That eftrs h js gud ddJvdYt wes 
OaQft Robert : and lyne wes King. 

BmhiMT, lUL 8M, M& 

One Kyng ofSeotlsad, Dswy be luime, 
Wss M-f^yn tO ours kyng WiUsme. 

VTynlOMm, viL a 29a 

2. Father-in-law. 

Omst the ddfndtt 

Hy s msieh FOmpey ssU ttrscht sgsne him went, 
Ifw^ lajit oistis Of the oryent 
Sooer, Vlif. Iknig. Virga, 199. 21 

A.<& taU^ader^ avus. 

ELDIN, Eldiko, Eiu>ino« #• Fael of anj 
kind ; bat more generally applied to peatt, 
tnrfsy &C., S. A. Bor. Lincoln* 

GaoM Winter's bleskest bUets well eithly oowr. 
Our eIrfiVs driven, sa' our hsr^et is owr. . 

" The day-light, during the winter, is spent by many 
of the women and children in oatherinff ddinff, as they 
call it, that is, sticks, furie, or oroom, for fuel, and the 
evening in warming their shiverinff limbs before the 
scanty fire which this produces." r, Kirkinner, Wig- 
tons. Statis. Aco., iv. l47. 

*' Aye, said I, and yell be wanting etf(/<R27 now, or 
something to pitt ouer the winter.** Quy Mannering, 
UL 104. 

A.-S. tieltd, SU.-G. eld, IsL eU-r, fire. Sibb. renders 
the 8w. word not only ignis, but pabulum ignis. I 
have met with no authority for this. In IsL subter- 
raneona fire is called jardeidr, from jard, earth, and 
eUt, Tka kvam tnadr laupandi, oe taffdi at jardelldr 
var vmfkvamin i Offuri ; Then came a man panting for 
breath, and said that subterraneous fire was burrang 
forth in Olf us. Kristnisaga, p. 88. 

The ancient Persians called fire ala ; whence most 
probably Goth, al-a, A-S. a€l'an, IsL e^-o, to kindle. 

ELDIN-DOCKEN, t. Kumex aquaticns, 
Linn. ; the Water-dock, found by tiie sides 
of rivers, often cut, dried, and used as eldin 
or fuel by the lower classes ^ thence sup- 
posed to have its name, Boxb. 

ELDING, «• Age. 

For 10 said wonrthy Salomon, 

KULing is end of erthlie fflie. 

th IS gone 
Maiuand Poema, p. 198. 

Wdcum eild, for youth 


A.-d. eaiduHge, senectus, yetustas ; old age ;- 
the waxing or growing old or ancient; Soma. V. 
EiLD^ V. and t. 


From that piscs syne vnto sae caue we went, 
Vnder sne nrngsoa bench in sne dem went. 
With treis etais belsppit round about. 
And thik hsrsk gramt pikis stsndsnd out. 

Doug. Virga, 75. 8S. 

This word, which is overlooked by Rudd., ma^ per- 
haps signify, entirely, on all sides, corresponding to 

Arboribns dausi eircum.— Virg. 

A.-S. eaUU, Moea.-0. o/Zm, omnino, omnimodia. 

ELDMODER, b. Mother-in-law. 

SUtmodtr to ane bunder thar saw I Heocnba. 

Dimg, Virga, 6S. 4^ 

It must haTO pronely denoted a grandmother ; 
A-S. eakU'tnioder, avia. A. Bor. et-moiher, a step* 
mother. V. ELDrADsa. 

ELDNING, Eldurino, a. 

Qnhen I heir mentlonat his name, than msk I nyne croeee, • 
To keip me fra the coramerance of that carle mangit ; 
That full of eUiuring is, and angi>r, and all ewil tbewis. 
1 dar nocht luik to my luif for that lene gib ; 
He is sa full of jelosv, and ingvne fain. — 
I dtf nocht loik to the knaip that the cop ftll{& 
For imUUing of that aultl shrew, that ever on ewiU thinklsi 

Dunbar, MaiUand Poems, p. 48l 

In edit. 1506, it is eldHtptg. This seems to have th«i 
same meaning, and has perhaps been originaUy the 
aame word, with indUttRtj also used in the passage. 
Both appear to denote jealousy. Eldnjfng, if the tmo 





NittwiB MMlyallM to A.-8. Ommg, Mai, Minik- 
Mm. T. J|p4([i% wUeh it afidMitfjr th* mim with 

EU>REN, Eldbren, adj. Growing old, 
•Iderlj* A » eldnn man,— one considerably 
Mhranced in life» S. 

^ Ukt tibt tm lint bMdi kit «Uf«ii bniuidi 

inl tiht itrolDt hath made him Unnch. 
Mmdmm'9 Judiih^ p. 4flL 

law SMB Ml down Ihdr ItiM, 
V» vtk Ihrir tbiwii wtUOa 

J. ifi0or# AwMf^ 17S8, pk 73L 

OoHb nl LUy, Bjdbj aays, tkey'ra CA'd, 
lb* HMaa «UfrM naa, Um niast a lad, 
A bonj fad, at a'ar m/ ata did aae, 
la awl lall be unto ma. 

[Eldbib. Y. Eldabis.] 
ELDUSINO, Dumb. V.Eldniko. 

• ELEMENTS, •• pL The sl^, the firma- 
Bienty the heavens, S. 

ELEST, «. An offence. 

•«7**Hofr m Ur HiMMa laai pariiamant, all panall 
lavia and atetntia rapognant and prejiidiciail to the 
taid Coma of Nligioon. and profeaaooria thairof , are 
■boBn chit to thair aartia. all man knawia, and awa at 

_ anm elui to bo tane, 
ivit bo tbo paopla in annipartia of thia realme, 
iaali^withnTyia»''fto. Sad'. Couno., A. 15<rr, 

noaa nir __ ^ „ - 

of all tiuiis and controveraiea atancTing 
balwiz thair ICi^iaatiaa,'' &o. Keith'a Hiat, p. 317. 

Thm QoflBia Kajaelia hnfing reaaaTit ana letter 
" Sialar tba Qoena oflngland, — ^tending to 

ELEVEN-HOURS, $. A Inncheon, S. ; so 
caDed from the time that kbonrers or cbild- 
rqi get their meridian. 

p ELFy «• A ponj creatnre, S. 

Ibaalaaiaarnpo myakau. 

^ Farttt^s Potmt, 

5LF-B0RE, •• A hole in a piece of wood, 
oat of which a knot has dropped, or been 
driven ; by the superstitious viewed as the 
operation rf the Fairies, S. 

**If<— joa wtn to look throogfa an eff-bart in wood, 
whan n thoftar knot— has been taken out,— yon may 
aaa tiM etf-bnll— batting with the atrongeat boll in the 
haidL" Noithan Antiq., p. 404. 

■vidaatlj ten eff, and oore^ to pieroe ; or the aper- 


ELF-CUP, •. This name is given to small 
stones, ** perforated bj friction at a water- 
'fall, and believed to be the workmanship of 
. the Elves,*" Domf r. 

**Mff^up§ WW piaoed under atable-doon for the 
lHw porpoae ;** Le. aa a aafeguard againat witchcraft. 
BeBMiaa of Nithadale Song, p. 290.^ 

ELFMILL, •• The sound made by a worm 
in the timber of a house, supposed by the 
vulgar to be preternatural; the death- 
watch, S. B. 

Thia 18 alaocaUed ike 0kaekk'4iUlL 
¥nm Hfi A.-a 8n.-G. adf, m fairy, and mia. Ael- 
fHo, in ma QL, p. 79, ennmeratea variona kinda of 

elvea. Theae are Munt-aeUem, mountain-elTea, Oreadea ; 
W^u^em, wood-elvea, Dryadea ; Fdd-tffen, Moidea, 
field-elTea ; WjfltU-e^feH, Hamadrvadea, or wild elyea ; 
l>um^en, GaataUdea, or elvea of the hilla. Somner 
and Benaon alao mention Berg-aeffenne^ Oreadea, or 
rock-elvea ; Land-aelfenne, Miiaae mricolaa, land-elvea, 
Wcuter-ae^fenHe^ Kaiadea, the nympha of the fouo- 
taina ; and Sae^ulfenne^ aea-nympha, Lat Naiadea, 
Neraidea, V. Somn* 

ELFSHOT, «. 1. The name vulgarly given 
to an arrow-head of flint, S. 

** ^ tko i $, Le. the atone arrow-heada of the old 
inhabitanta oif thia iaUnd, are suppoeed to be weapona 
ahot by Fairiea at cattle, to which are attributed any 
diaordeis they haTO.'* Pennant'a Tour in S., 1760, p. 

Theae are alao called a{^ or fairp iUmet, " Arrow 
pointa of flinti oommonly caUed e(foT fairy -iUmett are 
to bo aaen here." P. Lander, Berwioka. Stotiat Ace., 

The name given to the elf -arrow in GaeL ia seiatKee ; 
from aJoi, an arrow, and aAee^ a f*ii7. 

The eifshoif or e(^ arrow, ia atill need in the High- 
landa aa an amnlat. 

" While ahe apoke, ahe waa aearching about her bed, 
and at length produced n amall atone, ahaped aome- 
what like n gun flint. 'Now,' proceeded ahe, 'ye*ll 
just aew that within the lining of your atoya, lady ; or, 
with yoor laaTO^ in the bandof your petticoat ; and 
thenll nobody can harm you.* — ^Theae bolta are be- 
lieved to be discharged by fairiea with deadly intent. 
Kevertheleaa, when once in the poaaeaaion of men they 
are accounted taliamana againat witchcraft, evil-ejrea, 
and elvtah attache. They aro eapedally uaed in curing 
all aach diaaaawa of cattle aa may have been inflicted 
by the malice of unholy powen.^ Diaeipline, iii. 16. 

2. Disease, supposed to be produced by the 
immediate agency of evil spirits, S. 

"There aro alao aeveral thinga in Agnee Simpeon*a 
witchormft, such aa then acaroe occur ue like m the 
foragoing atoriea. As her akiU in diaeaaea. Th*t the 
aickneaa of William Black waa an effahot.*' Trial of 
Scotoh WitohM, Olanville'a Sadducmiua Triumph, p. 

Thia wtige of aupentition ia not peculiar to our 
country. We learn from Ihre, thnt in Sweden they 
give the name of itoi, i.e., ahoi, to thnt diaeaae of 
Miim^if which makee them die aa suddenly aa if they 
had been atruck with liehtning ; and thnt the vulgjar 
believe that wounds of this kind are the efifoct of magic. 
The same diaeaae ia, in Norway, called atUbao/dt, and 
in Denmark, tUukud, Le. c^ffAof. V. Jamieaon'a 
Popular BalL, i. 224, N. Thua, theae terma are 
originally the aame with oura ; in which indeed / ia 
alao almoet entirely aunk in pronunciation. V. Uire, 
vo. Skiuia, 

According to Keyaler, that diaeaae, which inatan- 
taneoualy afiecta n peraon by depriving him of his 
aenaea, ia, in Upper German v, called Alp, or A Ip^rueken, 
literally the praaaure of a demon. Aip ia also a deaig- 
nation for the nightmare. The aame learned writer 
obeervea, that, with the andenta, alp and aff eqnaUy 
denoted a mountain, and a mountain-aemon. He adda 




Aooording to Dr. Johni^ th« tU oonswti of • vard 
and a quartar, or lortjr-flTo inoliM. Tha S. all» now- 
avartazoaada tho & ]^i^ ^ ana ineh ooly. 

•*Tliaj otdainad and do&Taiad, tfa»t tha Elna lall 
ooBtainathrittiaMTa&uielia.'' Aota Ja. Lt 1426^ o. 68. 

S. The ooofltellation called Ononis girdle. 

Hm Son, tho Main itemat, and tho ChariewuM 
Hw MwtMd^ tha aknontia, and Axthnris hnffe.— • 

Jh^ Ftryti; 09, K 8L 

IVoai efa and tsond Dan. tiaoiule^ afod. 

**T1ia oommona oaU it oar Lady'a, (La., tha bl ewa d 
VfannH mwand;'* Rodd. 

What ia oalled <*oiir Ladv't Bhtfand," a' B. b de* 
aominatad tke Kiftg*9 JSiwatJ, BozK, aydea. 

It ia a itrikinff ooinoideft6B» that in Sa.-0. Orion's 
riidla waa oallea Fnggeroek, tha diataff of Freya or 
nigga,' tha Vanoa of the Gotha. After the introdnc- 
tkm of Chriatianity. it waa changed to Mariroek^ or 
Manr'adiataft Vaca. A.-S., 

To ELY, «• fi. 1. To disappear, to vanish 
from s^ht ; always su^esting the idea of 
graduafdisappearaQceTBoxb^ Selkirks. 

"It difed away o'ar tha brow, and I aaw naa mair 
etr Bkownia of Bodaback, ii. 86. 

S. To drop o£F one bj one, as a company does 
that disperses imperceptibly, ibid. 

Shan wa Tiaw thia aa from a oommdn foontain with 
Qann. eS-ca, Sa.-0. tf-o, proparaxa, to haate ; which 
Dire dadooea from tl^ planta pedia f Or, ahall we ra- 
thar trace it to Alem. Teat. AeI-«», A.-S. hd-an, Stt.-Q. 
ioef-o, Moea.-0. hut^aa, oeUra^ to oanoeal. 

ELYMOSINER, Eltmosinar, $. An 

«*HiB brother, Sir Eliaa Ligfaton, and the qneen'a 
alvmofHKr, — ^interpoae for him and mediat with the 
kuiff and Ladeidala, that at leat he [Abp. Leighton] 
ought remain yet in hia office for a yeira time, but 
IB Tain, for it waa otherwaya reaolvad by Laderdala.** 
Law'a Memorial]% p. 71. 

— '*T1ie biahop of Mamy, aa e fy woataor rode ba- 
aida the biahop of London, aomewhat nearer the king.** 
Spalding'a Tronblea, i. 24. 

L. & tUemotifnar'ku, id. 

ELTTE,Elite,«. One elected to a bishopric. 

^ehaid Byaehape in his ateda 
Cnoayn he wea ameordUer, 
And ElffU twa ybera bad eftyr. 

ITyiilowii, liL 7. 600. 

It oooon in R. Bnnma, p. 

Hie pape at bit dome ther §UU$ qaantd doon, 
Bit be Dad tham chMC a man of ^Dde nnooa. 
Or thai aald ther Toice lam of alle ther eleodoao. 

O. Fr. eUi^ Lat. ded-us. 

EMA fTJiE, «. EnameL Y. Amaille. 

[EMANQfprep* Among, Barbour.] 

[EMBANDOWNYT,oarf.f)a. Abandoned, 
Barboar, i. 244.] 

EMBER-GOOSE, the Immer of Pennant, 
Oesner^s areaUr Boucher^ a species ivhich 
inhabits the seas about the Orkney blands. 

"The wild fowl of the iilauda are Tory numeroot. 
Among theae we may reckon— the Kmber Quote," F. 
Kirkwall, Statiat. Ace., vii. 548. 

Anaer noatratibaa, the Ember goom dictoa. Sibbc 
Soot, P. 2., lib. iii. 21. Immer, Bninnich ap. Penn. 
ZooLOSi. It ia oaUed AnAer MOie alao in Shetland ; 
Statiat Aoe., rii. 3M. 

Barnr informa aa, that thia name ia alao given to tha 
Oraat Korthem Diver, Colymboa gUoialia, Linn. 

EME, Er^iB, Eam, a. Uncle. 

Thar leyif thai tak, to Donipace eoath gang. 
Thar doalt his eifm€^ a man of gret ricbenc 

WdEtce, a L, ▼. 299, BIS. 

Thia word waa commonly oaed, in fonner agea, both 
\j S. and E. writon, ao late aa the time of Spenaer. 
&elly expL it improperly, when giving the S. Prov. : 
"Many aimta, many emme, many kinafolk, few fcienda ;** 
— "apoken by them that have many rich frienda and 
are little the better for them." P. 251. He renden 
it *« reUtiona," N. Erne, ancle ; Palagr., a iu., F. SI. 

An intelligent and learned correapoodent under- 
standa thia term aa aignif ying a nephew ; referring to 
theae worda : — 

"Thia William — tarried npon opportanity of time to 
be revenged npon hia enemiea, and namely npon Sir 
William Chrichton chancellor, who eo nuachantly had 

Kt down hia camet, William earl of Douglaa, and 
^vid hia brother.'* Pitacottie, p. 19, Ed. 17*^ iftime, 
arronaonaly, p. 48, Ed. 1814. 

It ia nnqaeationable, however, that both theae were 
nndea of the Earl William here mentioned, y.p.18, 
alao Qodacroft, p. 161. 

. A.-S. earn, Franc, okeim, Uerm. okm, avnncnlaa. 
Martinioa derivea tha term from Arab, oai, an ancle 
by the father*a aide. 

It ia atill aaed A. Bor. " Mine ram, mine nnde ; 
North." It alao beara the aenae of Qoaaip ; Groee. 

EMENYTEIS, t. p2. Lnmnnities. 

" That tha fradomas A liberteia of halikirk, with aU 
prinal^gia A tmenuUU thairof, ud of all apiritoale par- 
aonia beobeerait,'^Ac Acta Ja. V., A. 1524» Ed. 1814, 
p. 286. 

EMERANT, a. Emerald. 

— Her golden haire, and rich atyre, 

In f^twiae oonohit with perUa qohite, — 

With mony ane emerwU and (kin aapphira. 

Aui^a Qnoir, a 27. 

Emwraxt, Eherand, adj. Oreen, verdant. 

Mavat tmyabO waxfa tiie tmerant media. 

Doug. VirgU, 40L 46L V. AMiBAva 

To EMEROE, v. n. To appear unexpectedly. 

** An heritor aftenrarda emarginq, conid not be heard 
to daim, npon a better right, the landa adjudged from 
tha defender, without ouitting hia ground indoaedL** 
Forbea, SnppL Dec., p. 28. 

EMERGENT, a. Any sadden occasion, a 
casualty, E. Emergency. 

—"Conceiving that the proceaa laid againat Mr. 
David Black wronged the pnuilegee of their diacipline, 
— ^they, for thoee reaaona, and other emergenU, went to 
work again, and that ao avowedly, that they pitohed 
upon my Lord Hamilton to be their heao," Ac 
Outhry'a Mem., p. 5. 


"I wonner what jre made o' the twa gmmphica, — 
gin ve thought it they war young deila or what, 
anottkin* for a aappy emmeldgng abmit the harigala o' 
ya." Saint Patndc, iL 243. 




KIOfERS^ •• pL Bed hot ashes, Dumf r. 

V«l oonr.. M nrighl t» rappoMd, from th« K word, 
IbI iwlibipg IIm origiiMl fonn ; A.-S. oemyriaii, ci- 
Mns) bL n f if rfa, (not eumiyfia, m in Johns.) Ik- 
viDs tgBitfti mmatnt ^ninia, ftim dnut ignis, and aer^ 
mtf psitMiiln tanestns minimn ; Seran. 

IC^^MTS^ Imxis, adi. 1. Variable, uncertain, 
whit cannot be depended on, Ang* 

term is ^pplisd to seed thmt it difficult of 

. or is fa s q no u tly nnprodnciiTe. Groond which 

iiils to giTO n good crop, is called tmmif iand. 

Is also nsad with rmpect to ohangeaUt 

S; The tenn is nsed in an oblique sense, 
Baaffs. ^11 mmss mehif a gloomj or dark 

Unmis is nsed in ths aamo sense, Ayis., simplifying 
' eU^ and having every appearance of ram. It u pron. 
pmmmiim hf veqr old pe^^ eepedally in Renfr. 

3. It is also nsed in rehtion to an object that 
is placed insecurely, or threatens to fall ; 
ai»** 7%at iUen ttandi very eemis/^ihBt stone 
has not a proper bottom ; Ang. ; Coglie^ 
Codarmanf sjmon* 

ho no doaht that thi* is from the same 

with 8a.-0. yua, oetMn, tovaxy, altemare, recip- 
; yfh/mem ymsMi, altematim.' IsL ynw, pi. 

Mr, singnli et varii per vices, none hie, nuic alter. 
^ nes mmm; altematim ; fmialegr, mntabilis, varins ; 
Qw Anor., pw 138* FmiiiL varios, diversoa, Rymhegla, 

Ilivs snpposes, althoagh rather fancifoUy, that the 
Qenn. have heaes lonned their mkalieht signifying 
The root^ he says, is nm^ a particle 
as, Qcra ont en ttm^, to change a 


>DEUO,s. Something flyinff loose, 
loose piece of ^dress ; spoken m (ferision 
or with contempt, Galloway* 

flhsD ws view this ss allied to A. -8. ameaJUud^ ezin- 
aBila% ** — i pti e d ;" Soouierf Dewg denotes a rag. 
T. Dawes. 

ElOf0CS[, 9. A pismire, an ant. Loth., 
Boxb. ; covr. from A«-S« aennte^ id* 

To EUPASH, Empesche, v. a* To hinder, 
to peerent. Fr* wipeeeher^ id*, O. E., id. 

nMBrstOBok wasnenir snrfetly chaigit to tmpucke 
of vthir hcsines.** Bellend. Cron. Deecr. Alb. 

or kt one of his purpose ;" Palsgr. F. 

Emfibghement, s. Hindrance. 

** The phnalitie of elerkis, gif the samyn saU exceid 

aiuesiiiu over the nnmher of thrie, cannot eschaipe 

to prave more chargeabill to the snbjectis, and to 

eonlnsioon and emptuehement to the lordia in ex- 

and degrding of materis moved bef oir thame. '* 

VL, l(Rn, fid. 1814, p. 096. V. Ebctash, v. 

EAfPHTTEOS, s* A grant in fcu-farm. 

'-"Qevand, gnmtand, and to fen-fenne and ^r- 
^^rall €H^kUto§ lattsnd all and sindrie the foirsaidis 
liBandIvUiscalUttheUwis,'*&c. ActsJa.VL, 
laOOt Sd. 1814, p. 249. 


"Thoogfa the body of the Roman law waa finished 

before the feudal law had its exiatenoeb Craig and 

. other writers, with great propriety, express a grant in 

len-fsrm b^ the B«aDan vocable emphyteums, Enk. 

Inst, B. ii., T. iv., sect. & 

** impkfteutU was a right known in the Roman 
law, by wnich the perpetiud use of land was given to 
a person for the pavment of rent ; and although the 
holder could not seU without first offering the property 
to the ifMRliiiM, yet he was entitled to the full profito 
of the subject, and was at liberty to impignorato them 
for his debt." BeU's Uw Diet in vo. 

Our tonn is immediately from Fr. emphyteoae, '* the 
making of a thing better then it was when it was re- 
ceived ^— or, an estote upon condition to improve it ;*' 
Cotgr. It is more properly defined. Bail d*h^tage 
k perptftuit^ ; du Grec emphyteuus, Roquef . OL Bom. 
*Ki$i^inwti, insitiob from i/jupvniv, insero. 

To EMPLESS, V. a. To please. 

— " The said Schir William to folou vther perwmis 
for the said sonme as it emplen hiuL Act Audit, A. 
1478, p. 61. 

— *'The quhilk abbot gr^tit that he waa empleMit 
of the said five chalder xiij bollis of mele, & that he 
had assignit the samyn to Dene OUbert Buchquhan- 
' nane." Act Dom. Cone, A. 1490, p. 184. 

It is nsed as synon. with eonieiU, 

"And bathe tne saidis partiis ar empU$tU and con- 
tent to stand, abid, k vnderly the sentence & deli- 
nersnce of the lordis of Consale," Sec Ibid., p. 190. 

Emplesakce, s. Pleasure* 

" It salbe leful to the kingis hienes to take the de- 
sisioun of anv aetioune that cumis before him at his 
empUmimet, like as it wes wont to be of before." FarL 
Ja. m., A. 1489, Acts Ed. 1814, p. 94. 

Empleseub, s. The same with Emplesance. 

" And this ye Csill not to do, as ye will do us singu« 
lar em|>feMHr.'^ Lett Eigyll, ftc. Knox's Life, i. 437, 

EMPEDirr, s. V. Enpruntis. 

" Swa in all extents, hnprimitSf contributions, and 
the like subsidies to be imposit upon the buivh, mer- 
chanti and crafts-men to bear the burden ana chuge 
thereof indifferently overheid." A. 1583, Blue Blanket, 
p. 126^ MaitL Hist Edin., p. 233. 

EMPRIOUBE, 9. 1* A general. 

— *'He wald ^laidly ressave the glore of triumphe, 
gif sic thingis micht be that his armye micht triumphe, 
quhen thav had beryit thair empnoure and maistor.** 
dellend. T. liv., p. 181. Imperaiore, Lat 

2. An emperor. 

Full loir weipjng with vocis IsmentabiU, 
Thsy eryit load, empriour Coostantine t 
We may wyte thy posaessionn poyaonabill 
tH all oar grait punitioun and pyne. 

Lpndttti^t Dremt, 

EMPBISE, Empriss, E^ipbess, Express, 
Enpbis, s. Enterprise. 

Qohen Rozbufgh wonnvn was on this wiss. 
The Erie Thomas, that oey empriu 
Sot ay on aouerane h^ bounty, 
At Eaynbuxgh with his men^e 


Bof^awr, x. S07, H& 

Tharfor he said, that thai that wald 
Thair hartis nndiscomfyt bald 
Sold ay thynk ententely to bryng 
All thair enpreu to gua ending. 

Bofitmr, ill 876, MS. 





, Id. Wt.emprt». 

m^iirim for aiiiiiiAtioii, mpaotebilitj* 

kmbbd lijm In nicli * wyse 

IbthamtluilwtrtofiioiMfMpryM: . . .^ 

" f. Am,, FoL 10, A. 

ENACH, •• Satisfaction for a f ault, crime, 
or trespass. 

*'Otf iba naister bM oaraal oopolatioii with the 
wife of hie bond-niMi, end that ie proven be ane Uw- 
fnll irnr- s tiM bond-man sail be made 4nite and frie 
fim the bondage of hia maister ; and aaU receane na 
other menda or aatiafaction {Enanh, Lat. cop.) bot the 
nooterieofhiaawmUbertie.*' Reg. Maj. B. iL, c 12, 


••Itan, tha Cro, AoeA and Galnee of like man, are 

like In leepeet of their whiea.** Ibid.,B.iT., cSS. f 7. 

Sibb. #ii"«*f« that "the word may have aome affiuty 

wtthQaeLetrie,ranaoai, money.** But Dr. iiaepheraon 

aays thai thia word, in GaeL, aometimea ai^fiea 

boontj, and aooietimeaaneetimate or ranaom ; Diaaert. 


ENANl^&EN. 8. An emmet, an ant, Aberd. 

Jonina thinka that from A.-S. aemeUe wae firat 
iDnned ocaii; and afterwarda aaU aod o »<• 

ENABMED, pari. pa. Armed. . 

Jeenwflrf glaUDIe mone and bald yonr way 
Tbwut the pdrtia or heoynnyi of the le. 

Domg. VwgO, 822. & V. Anabm. 

Enabmoube, «• Armour. 

^Thii lioht hand not the lea 

Ihay aaalb al bereft, and there ezpreee 
Of aia amny mmrwwimi epolyeit ciene. 

Ikmff. VitgU, 2S3» 11. 

*ENAUNTER, adv. Lest ; Spenser. 

Mt worthy friend Archdeacon Karea baa aaid ^— " A 
wora pti ?-l««* ' to Spenaer ; whether provincial or anti- 
qnateo, baa not been made oat.'* 

Had the leomed writer happened to caat hia ejre on 
Amrmt, advanture, in the Scottiah Dictionary, he 
would have seen that thia moat be the aame witJi in 
amUer need bj Gower. It aeema senerall^ to include 
the Idea of oontiiigency, aa eqnivetent to, if peradven- 
tuo, if perohanoe. Anawninus, if ao be, A. Bor., ia 
meiely ue proTincial oorr. of in aunter, or enautUer, 
It ia piobabM that en aveiUurt had been vaed by the 
old noren^al writera, in the aame aenae with modem 
iTocoitaf^ and par orentere. 

[ENBANDOWNYT, part. pa. Subjected, 
made subject, Barbour, i. 244, Skeat's Ed.] 

ENBRODEy parL pa. Embroidered. 

Hie awardit aoyle €iihrod§ with eellcoiith hewia.— 

Jhnff. Virga, HOO. 15. F^. hrodi. 

To ENBUSCH, v. a. To place or lay in 

And we eall ner enbtuckjft be, 
Qehar we thar onteoome may m. 

Barbour, iv. SOO, Ma 

¥f. emftiiaeA-€r, emhtrnpt-er^ id. q. tn boU, to lie or 
aeoret ona*a aelf in a wood, thicket, or boahea. 

Enbusghtt, 8. Ambuscade* 

Thar emhu»ek^ on thaim thai brak. 
And alew iJl that thai mycht our tak. 

BarUmr, iv. 414, Ma 

Oonr. from Fr. emftMaco J ^ f , or formed, from enUnuehe, 

[In Skeaf a Ed. thia paaaage atanda thna :— 

Ihalr buaektmeiU apone theme brak. 
And dew dQ that thai mycht onitak.] 

Ekbuschment, 9. 1. Ambush. 

Thai haff aeae onr enAitfcAAnai^, 
And esata till their etrenth ar went 
Yone folk ar gooenyt wittily. 

AvW, six. 4SS. Ma 

2. This word is used in describing the testudo, 
a warlike engine. 

Abone there hedis hie 

8a eorely knyt, that manere enbutchmeni 
Semyt to be ane doie volt qnhare ihay went 

Jkmg. YirfU, 9W. & 

Thia, however, ia imther a deecription, than a deeig- 

To ENCHAIP, V. n. Perhaps, to cover the 
head, Fr. enchapp^ry id. 

That I haae eaid I eall hanld, and that I tell the plane ; 
Qehair any ooUyear may etuKiUp I trow Ull encA*^. 

[ENCHAUFYT, Ekchawfyt, parL pa. 
Chafed, heated, made furious. 

Bot the gade, at tnehav^ft war 
Off Ire, abede and held the etonr 
To conaavr thahn endlee honour. 

^ Bofteifr, il. 896^ Skeat'e Ed.] 

ENCHESOUNy 9. Reason, cause. 

* A flUe Uwwlane, a loeynaeomr, 

Hoebame to name, maid the treeoon, 
I wate nocht for qnhat tncKemmn ; 
Na qoham with he maid that oonwyn. 

£if«OMr, iv. 110, Ma V. aleo 6. L 178. 203. 

ICr. Pink, viewa thia ae the aame with O. Fr. acke- 
MM, need in Rom. Roee, ae denoting occaeion, motive. 
He ie oertainly right. Thia in Fr. ia aometimea writ- 
ten adbieon. AMm baa the aame aenae, Cotgr. It 
oocora in O. E. in the aenae of oocaaion. 

The kyng one on the mom went to Ix>ndon, 
Hia Yole forto hold wae hia tnduaon. 

it. AnmiM, pc 49. V. Cbbuoun. 

To ENCHIEF, V. n. V. Enchaip. 

EtiiMf may aignif ▼ to achieve, accomplish. The 
O. fV. v. baa aaaomed a variety of forma ; as whaif- 
ver, adJaOr, Ac. It may alao have had the form of 
encAeeir. Or it may have been originally written 
eecM^. Thia aeema to have been a Fr. proverb^ trana- 
Uted ae literally as poasible ; which, with a variety off 
other phraaea in this tale, afforda a strong presumption 
of ita having been borrowed from aome old French or 
Norman wwk. 

[ENCRELY, odr. Especially. V.Enkerly.] 
END, Etndino, : Breath. Doug. 

Hia stinking auf, oonrupt as men well knaws ; 
Oontacioas caakeis cleavee hie sneaking snout 

^^/WiooH, WoUtnCt CoU,, lit 24. V. Aijra 

In the aame aenae, it would aeem, must we under- 
■tand ead^ as occurring in Ane tang qfihe Croce, 

the godles dreidis sair to die ; 
Bot quhen he can no farther flie. 
And mine his einftaU lyfe wahl mend ; 
they grip sa Cut hie geir to get. 
The euUe sanl is qnyte foryet, 
OnhUk haistelie gaia out his end. . 

Poems qfthe Sixteenth Century, p. 29. 

The laat line ought oertainly to be read, 
^^mMK haistelie gais out Us aiJ. 







_ plaialj i% thAl th« reUttou of the 

in M Mger to mouts hit effeeta, that 

ths VM of MIT mmaa tot the nlTation of 

tfffitboloobt^ ^' till nnexpeetedly Ail 6r«aM 

Ekdat* i. ^ Daj of «iuim^» or of death ;** 

Be dnejd the Bomaya ji el sway , 
iUi KSi Kfaig ta hyi midap, 

Wyntown, ▼. IOl 408. 

8B.-0.'«aif«€w BOl only rigDifiee to hreethe, hat alio 

to dk^ from amde, helitae, epiritne. This aeems pre- 

faible to deririi^ it frcm end E., eejpecially m affnd, 

• hwth , !• often written <»dL \JUL amd^ bieath, epirit.] 

EsDFUlfDETNO, i. [Lit.9beiiiimbment; here 
prob. meaning iheumatism. Y. To Fund y.] 

TUi aelloe of «iM(^kiub|m 
BMOOlh, for throw hU celd lyiitf, 
QuMB in hit gret myMheiff wei he, 
HJM fcll that held pwplexit^ ^^ 

JBeiwuf, xz. 7<B» 

ffii ttekneeo eeme of a AMfyJii^. Edit 1820. 
* 1m IIS. m/wmdepmg; [in Skeat'e Ed., ame/undying.} 

A hjf^blj reqteoted mend oheenree that the tenn in 
MS. 0^mdepnff hmj. he thinha, beTiewed as denoting 
iheiipiatiiin ; aa the ttnafundg might be naturally 
lomjh, thoog^ not elegantly or aeientifically, applied 
to this distemper. 

One is aaia to fommdp or /uttd$^ when benumbed 
with sold, 8. The term is espeeially aoplied to a 
kotaOi Wt. mmfimdrtf is to eaten oold. But it is not 
jMprohahle that the tenn signifies an asthma. Thus 
it may ho allied to 8a.-0. oi^aacM, oui spiritns prae- 
ilMas csl^ nt soM asthmaticis ; from ande, breath, 
and ffUrOM, to ful, or faU-oM^ to seize, to lay hold of. 
Howorer, the primary sense of A.-S. /siuf-ton, is an- 
helain ; whether it was nsed literally, or not, doee not 

^^of. Skeat, in OL to Barboor, says, '* Jamie8on*s 
esplanation» 'asthma,' is a bad cness, and wrong. The 
word is periiape Celtic^ Cf. QaMic,/imjilaiiiji, extreme 
sold, sererity of weather.**] 

END^HOOPINO, •• The ring of iron that 
anrronncb the bottom of a wooden vessel, 
Bozb., Ajrrs.; nsed also metaph. like Lagen- 


— «— She mvng sa emt-Jkooping, 

Which beaisa'd poor Sandy from bonnr Dundee. 

Smghif Burnt, 

ENDIE, adj. 1. Attached to one's own 
intereat, selfish, Roxb., Berwicks. 

9. FnU of schemes, fertile in expedients, 

8. Also expL shu£9ing, shifting; as, **an 
€iuU§ man^ a man of devices, ibid.; q. one 
who has still a selfish end in view. 

ENDLANO, ExDLAXOis, adv. 1. Along; 
SL mdang ; O. E. Endlong. 

Thsrfor, muBamg the loach hb syd 

fla hesyiy thsl aocht— Barbour, iiL 414, Ma 

mr tangs aiay be of use ; 

lay them udan^ his poir or thin, 

Waa wins sya may nuke roooe. 

Rummj^$ Poemi, L'S72L 

Whsa Chryat was borne of a mayden clene, 

The temple [of pMoelfell down emUcna the grene. 

MSL Fo€m§9 fimet W. Hamper, Eiq. 

i. **Endlangf in nnintermpted successicm ; ** 
GL Antiq. 

[8. Used as a prq>.f along, beside. Y. 01. 
to Skeat's Bwbour.] 

To Endijlno, 9. a. To harrow the ridges in 
a field from end to end; as opposed to 
thortering; Clvdes. This v. b evidently 
from the adverb. 

A.-S. andUmg, andJUmg, ad longnm, per; 8n.-0. 
aendalongn^ id. Fara aeidahng» ttranMn, littas le- 
gere, Ihre ; from (UiMfe^ usque, and long, longus. Ihre 
obsenres, tiiat amde denotee continuation of action, ae 
in aendahng$. [IsL tmdUangur, from one end to 

ENDOKED, part. pa. 

—Thus Sehir Oawaya, the good, glades hor gmt. 
With riche dayateaa, fudurtd in disshet bydene. 

Kr (Muesli and Sir Oal., iL la 
" Heaped," Pink. Bat it ia eridently from Fr. en- 
d&rif beeet, enriched; properiy adorned with gold. 
Lat. inaifr-ates. 

ENDRIFT, M. (Trob. snow driven by the 

^— Ferferoe of indt^/t styth, 
He is obliged to seek a lyth 
Amo' the byrm and bama. 

W. BeaUidg TaUt, p. 81. 

But soon aa he aeta forth his note. 

The first thing meeta him ia a doae 

Of styth tudri/t and bail 


It has been supposed that endrjifl is an emktum for 
Erdr\ft or Erd-drlftt a, t. But it seems to be merely 
the Mbreviation of tne more ancient form of £wm* 
drift, q. T. 

ENDS, 8.pL Shoemakers* threads; 
fully, Soaet'endSf S. 


Hb diesded foe, in red sad blue. — 
Leapt plump directly down bis throat. 
Laden with tackle of his ataU, 
Last, ends, and hammer, strap, and awl. 

M$$ton*» Foemi, p. 96. 

To PACK up one*s ends and awls, a 
proverbial phrase evidently borrowed from 
the last, signifying to make ready for de- 
parture, S. 

"They arrived at Edinburgh, and oonatrained the 
Queen Regent — to pack up her end* and awU, and make 
what apeed ahe oonld with them to Dunbar." R. 
Oilhaiae, i. 271. 

END*S ERRAND, the special design, 8. 

'* Did they aay nothing of the end*» errand they had 
oome upon ? *' Sir A. l^lie, ii. 158. 

Thia phraae has always appeared to me to be pro- 
nounced anes errand, i.o. " tne single errand ; '* from 
A.-S. anes, the genit d an, nnua, aolua, and aerend, 
nnntium, lecatio, q. " baring no meaaage to deliver, or 
to ao, aave one.** 

ENDWAYS, adv. To get endways with anv 
piece of work, to get pretty well tlirough 
with it, to succeed in any undertaking, Roxb. 

ENE, pi. Eyes. V. Een. A. Bor. id. 




ENEMY, •• A designation for the devil, S. 

— ««Vdr fhftt laeh-Onbbit s I ooold wh/let wiih 
bijmII a witeh for his nke» if I were &» feared the 
memjf w«d Uk me at my word.** Waverley, iii. 285. 

The peaaaatiy in 8., in fonaer tamea at leaat, having 
n atroBg impreasion of the neceeaitv of decency of Ian* 
goage, and not haTinff learned that there could not be 
a motejpioper uae ofthe devil's name, as some express 
themseiTes, thsii to rnaJb a 6aiieA/e 4^ il in their common 
disoonrse x have employed a variel^ of denominations, 
to avoid that funiliar use that might either indicate or 
prodnoe trivial views of the eternal world. Thus he 
is sometimes oalled* ike lU man, the Fkndy the Somw, 
the FaiU Thi^f &o.» and as heie, the Mnem^f, 


ENEMY, 8. An ant, Fife; probably corr. 
from A.-S. an aemet^ id. 

ENERLY. V. Anerlt. 
ENEUCH, Ynewch, •• Enough, S. 

Biss and raik to our Bov. ricbesfc of rent, 
Hiow ssl be nswit at nsid with ndbillay tMHtk, 

OtUBtm tmd OoL, iv. 6L 

This gud knyoht said, Deyr eumg, pray I the, 
QohcB thow waattis god. earn Uck jnuwch fra me. 

AWfaec, i. 446, Ma 

Tmewekt most nearly resembles A.-S. yeao^i ^eiioA, 
; as doss pL yneie, sometimes used. 

Of ws thai haiff wndoyne may than ynasi 

WaiUtee, H lil, MS, .V. Ankucb, Anw. 

ExEUCH, EifEUOH, adj. Enough, Weel 
emugh^ pretfy well, S. 

The Isds on Tweed are teeef <fi«iMA, 

But O thsrs*s few like my deer allow, kc 

it Aott** Pteiu, ISll, p. Ua 

ENFOECELY, Enforsalt, adv. Forcibly. 

«— That batain, on this maaer. 
Wee stiykrii. en ather party 
That wsr nentand emfalredw. 

Bartomr, zUL 227, M& 

[EmruNDETiNO, •• v. Endfukdeyino.] 
ENOAIONE, 9. Indignation, spite. 

And quhen he saw Jhone of Bretangne, 
Ha had at him rydit gret emMigne ; 
For he wee wont to epek hvehtly 
At hasMw end our diroitusiy. 

JterfoMf, xfiii. 606, MS. 

Edit 18201, diedaku. 

Vt. ettqoin, anger, eholer; Cotgr. Can this hare 
any afBmtjr to A. -8. attgean, ongfan, oontra ; or angt^ 
TttEatoa ; Dn.-0. ojiy-a» Oerm. ang-em^ to press ? 

ENGLISH and SCOTCH, a common game 
among joung people, S. 

The company is parted into two bands; each of these 
is put under the conduct of a chief choeen for this pur- 
pose. The bagsage, or object of spoil, lies behind the 
line. One of toe leaden advances, defies the foe, and 
cheers his troop. On the signal being given, the oppo- 
site parties rush forward, and endeavour to seize the 
spoiL He^ who is taken within the line, is carried off 
as a priaoner, and kept at a distance. He obtains no 
lelief from captivity, unless one of his comrades can 
touch him ana rstnrn to his own party unmolested by 
hia aisailsnte, 

" Ths JBnglUh and Seoie used to be played by partiea 
of bt^ys, who^ divided bv a fixed line, endeavoured to 
poll one another acrooa this line, or to seise, by bodily 
strength or nimbleness, a wad (the ooata or hats of the 


plajrers) from the little heap deposited in the different 
territories at a convenient distMiea." Blaokw. Mag., 
Aug. 1821, pu 35. 

Tnis game has obviously originated from the mutual 
incursions of the two nations, in those unhappy timea 
when a river or ideal line convorted into enemies those 
whose situation invited to the closest ties of friendship. 
It is said, that when the artful and acute Elizabeth of 
England had any suspicion of the effect of her politics 
on the Scottish nation, ahe uaed to inquire how the 
boys were amusing themselves. If they were acting aa 
soldiers, she considered it aa a proof that it waa tune 
for her to arm. 

ENGLISH WEIGHT, Avoirdapois weight; 
thus denominated because the pound in 
England contains sixteen ounces, S. 

To ENGSAGE, v. a. To irritote, especially 
by holding up to ridicule by means or satire, 

This seems to be the same with Atgrege, to aggra- 

* ENGRAINED, paH. adj. Any thing is 
said to be engrained with dirt, wnen it can- 
not be cleaned by simple washing, when the 
dirt is as it were incorporated with the 
grainj or texture of the substance referred 
to, S. 

To ENGREGE, v. a. To aggravate. 

Perchance gif that re understude 
The gude respectis nes them maS^ 
To naak this ordoor, ye wsld lufe it. 
And not engrege the cace sa Ue. 

DmIL (JUrk tmd Comiier, p. 4. 

IVom ¥t. ettgreg-er, id. or ^eHgreg^er, to grow worse, 
used actively. 

To ENGREVE, Exorewe, v. a. To vex, to 

——The Scottta sreheris alsoa 
Sehot amsng thaim sa deliaeriy, 
Engnwcmd thaim sa netomly,— 
That thai wandvet a Uttle weL 

Awhwr, ziiL 810, Ma 

Tr. gwhtr, to vex, to opprees. There may, how- 
evei^ have been an O. Fr. v. comp. with the prep, pre- 

ENGYNE. V-Inoyne. 

ENKEERLOCH, adj. Having a difficult 
temper, Ayrs. 

Allied perhaps to Tout. otU-heer-em, immntare ; or, 
as signifymg avertere ; or from Oerm. enl, against, also 
used intensively, and JbeAr-eti, to tarn. 

ENKERLY, Encrely, Ikkirlie, adv. 1. 
Inwardly. This at least seems the natural 
meaning of the following passage : — 

The Dowglas then his way hss tane, 
Rycht to the hens, as h« him bad. 
Bot he that him io vhemMll bad. 
Than waniyt hym aispitoasly : 
Bot he, that wrtth him <NC*Wy, 
Fellyt him with a suerdys dynt. 

' iarhomr, IL ISS, Ma 

[The meaning ia not inwardig but t^ptdaUgt ex- 





9. Axdmtljy keenly, caref nil j. 

Us Mt HA MAirly him Mt, 


naf« mythft he. 

Q^ir throw ilM cMtoU 

DMmlM writM UMk, v. 164. 29, m oommndu^ 
•o^ Motora ab imo^ Vus. Tha deriTaftion giywi bgr 
Bpdd.. from I^. «• eoeatr. q . in hearty ia ooofiniMd l^ 
inl. /aftei^ ia atm vaad in tha aaoM of 
and Mtrtt U aa an adv. 

M%^ aapadaUy; thaimfix etaAai 
^aqr." V. OL Skeat^ Barbour.} 

Ehlako, a<^'. What regards the length cxf 
any object, S. 

Ili mwilnii \tiim 
Jm aalaNff ala, to hit baith Iqgi and tdL 

XNMEB, adj. Nether, having an inferior 
^aoe, Lanarks, 

I do not know tha origin of thia provinoialiBni, if it 
bo not aanl/ a corr. of under; d being oftan lafl ont 

CnhxbmaiBi adj. Mora in an inferior sitoar 
tiooy ih. 

Srhkbicaist, adj. Nethermost, ibid. 
SNORM, adj. Very great, excessive. 

"* AD eoBtnotai^— made bgr minoria in thair lea ag^ 
to thair enenn hurt and akaitb, ar of nana avail, and 
MMbt to bo annnOit^*' fto. BaUour'a Plract., pu 17a 

It. MOi'iRi. Lat. c»orm4f. 

JSMOBMLsmf adv. Excessively, enormonsly. 

** W« mnoik an giltia--be the ezpreming of atae &la 

qnhan af thai [thar?] had bene ezpremitt ana 

aoai^ and the Terite^ we had nocbt flevin the 

And tharethrow we are gritumlie ana c 

kvl" Aeta Ja. V., IfM, Ed. 1814, o. SSS. 

'"^ Kiaik Maaeatie— ffindia himaelf 

IS ^« • 

Wribo diapoai t ionn maid be hia hxenee in tvuM bjgme 
ttovw fmportnne and indiaoreto antaria.*'^ Aeta Ja. 
TL. UM, Xd. 1814, p. 807. 

ENPSESOWNE>. A prisoner. 

Mmp rt m w m^ In swiDc qwhUe 
lb kepe ia dowt, and grtt pwyla. 

W^mUmm, viiL U. fll 
fk. aay r i io nw ^ impriaoned. 

KNPBISE, Enpsiss, $. Exertion of power. 

Ia V«e that Ml of verta U and gnde, 
Qahm natoie flnt bcgjneth hir mjmjK, 
Thatqohilam waa be erad froet and flvde, 
lad •ehouis ichaip opprest in monj wiw, kc 

UtnaUy, tnteiprisa. V. Empbisb. 

ENPBUNTEIS, E3ipruxtis, 9. pL 

**Tlie haiU foortene deaoonia of eraftaa aalbe eallit 
— 4a|if thair apedall voit and eonaaltationn— in grant- 
ing of aztentia, oootributionia, EnpnaUeii, and ndyke 
b&ing of oomnMMLweikii," kc. Acto Ja. VL, 1584. 

sri8l4, p. m^ 

— **Thai aa thay watche and waird togidder, awa 
in an axtentia, Wmpruniia^ oontributionia, and the like 
■■baidaia to be-impoait Tpoon the borgh, merehantia 
aad emftianien to heir the bordene and oharae thairof 
indiffKantlie^'* ko. Ibid; 

?iram tha oonnazion with aztentia, or taxationa, and 
ay lrttatf ojifa, and aabeideia, it aeema to deooto the act 
of borrowings or imther levying money. Fr. empriuU^ 
m borrowing, tmprutU^, to borrow. The phraee, Mia 
k l*empraa<, "charged with a privie Male,'* Cotgr., 
nay perhapa point oat empremie^ a atamp^ aa the 
origin; beouae aoch deeda reqniiod the impiatiion 
of r — ' 

ENRACINED, por^ po. Rooted. 

—"He knew weill (aa one who had tryed them 
diyen tymes, and had often reconciled them), that to 
end a quarrell betaein too purties of auch qualitie, 
deiolie grounded, and enraeuted for many other pre* 
oeiding debates, without disgrace or wrong to ei&or 
syd, wes ahnoot impossible, without extraordinarie 
diaeretion and indiiferenoe.'* Qordon'a Hiat. Earia of 
SntherL, p. 285. 

F^. emrieini, id. 

ENS, Enze, ad0. Otherwise, S. This is 
used in vulgar conversation for E. else. 

SB.-0. oanart aignifiaa aliaa, otherwise, from oiumh, 

En8, Ensb, eonj. Else, I^tL, S. O. 

"A bony imi^nivement or aw no, to see tyleyors and 
sdatera leavin, wBisur I mind Jewka [Dokea] an^ Yerls/' 
MaRiage^ ii. 124. V. Amsb. 

ENSEINTIE, Ensente, Ansente, 9. 1. 
A sign, mark, or badge. 

^tf ony babbis war makand drery mone, 

Becaus thar wantit the fraitiooa 

Of Ood, qubilk was ane greit puaitkMui : 

Of Baptiame thay wantit the Afum^ 

Lifndm/M Warku^ 1592, p. 235i 

S. An ensign, a standard. 

— ** Quhen ache perceayed the ovarthraw of us, and 
that the l&uenyeU of the French waa again displayit 
upoun the walla, ache gare ane gawf of buchter," kc. 
Knoz'a Hist, p. 327. V. Gaulf, Oawf, a. under 
Gawf, v, 

"The payment of our futomen eztandia monethlie 
ererie Anaenife (whiche are now aez in number) to 290 
L atea" Lett. H. Bahunia, Keith'a Hiat, App., p. 44. 

3. The war-cry. 

The Klag his man saw in ailiray, 
And his e na enj ft can ha cry. 

. ,. ^. ^ . Sorisur, iii. 28, Ma 

IB adit Fink, it ia printed ensMife. 

4. A company of soldiers. 

** Sche tok ordonr that four iSiaeiiyeitof the aouldiera 
aould remain in the tonn to mantom idolatries and to 
resist the Congregatioun.'* Knox, p. 139. 

Fr. enaeigne, literally a aign, marie, or badge, denotea 
not only the ensign or banner under which a company 
of infantry serves, but alao the band or company itself. 
V. Cotgr. 

ESSELYT, pret. Sealed. 

Hie king beUncht hirm in that steid 
The endentor, the seile to ae. 
And aikyt gyif it cnsefy^ he ? 

BarAoar, i. 612, MS. 
BV. aeeU-er, to aeaL 

To ENT, V. a. 1. To regard, to notice, Shetl. 
2. To obey, ibid. 

Su.-G. ojis-o, aignifies to regard, to take notice of, 
from ann-it^ laborare, anm, or ojmI, labor ruaticus, cura 
rustica, IsL id. ajia-os^ curare. It may, however, be 
allied to ondBf v^*"*^ . 




ENTAIL YEIT, |Mft. |Mu Fonned out of . 

I aaw wilhiB tliA chtir 
Qdudr tb«l % man wm ttt with lymiuii Miialr, 
fill bodk wdU Mteilymt tiMrie itoid. 

FtUrn ^Scmu r, i 9k 

fk. wtotff giyto otnre^ BMlaph. applied to the form 
ofthabody. Thiu Caianow ums enloile for shi^t. 

ENTENTrr, part pa. Brought forwud 

•*TlMli»disiiiidk|b60Mie the aleetoof GftlliiMtii 
ymdi&t ■mnmiwdii befor hui ordinar for dineni erimM^ 
tiMifor thinkia thai can noehl proceid Tpoiin the aiiiii- 
moadia of traaonn enteniU agania him, hot that the 
aamiii anmiiMwdia aald deaert at thia tyme." Acta 
Maiy, 154ft, Sd. 1814, p. 450. V. Iimirr.v. 

ENTENTYVE, Ententif, adj. Earnest, 
eager, intent. Fn enUntif. 

Ha. that har Lord off all thing if, 
— Onumt hii graoo, that thalr ofaariBg 
Ud wdU [the land,] aad Mlm^yw 
Ba to folow, in aUfiudr lyre, 
Thar nobill aldiya grtt hoimt^. 


Ol !• **eiUimti/e, hoajr to do » thyng^ or to take 
MUtoathjmgr PiJagr., Bw iii, F. 87, «. 

Entehtblt, adv. Attentively. V. adj. and 

ENTRAMELLS, $. pL 1. ExpL bondage, 
the chains of slavery, Ayrs. 

3. Prisoners of war, ibid. 

TUa saana to be merely ta trammdM, E. Mr. Todd 
has hMorted eiUrammeUed, bat aa aignifying curled, 
frioied. Hie origin ia Ft. IremoiUr, a aot for par- 

[ENTREMASS, $. Course of delicacies, 
Barbour, xvi. 457, Skeat's Ed.] 

ENTEEMELLYS, 5. ;>Z. Skirmishes. 

Vow may ya bar. giff that ye will, 
Mntftmrnip t, and jupardyis, 
That man aatayit mony wjas, 
OMtaDia and paylUa fw to ta. 

JtertoMf, z. 14S, M& 

Wt. mhremtttr, to intennini^ • V. Msll, v. 

ENTRES, Enteres, t. Access,^ enti^^ 

"'Olyner aet an hoare to geif aUrta to erle Danid 
with al hia anny in the toon. — ^The hooxe aat, erle 

Daaid oome with ane arat power of men to the toure 

' ,qnharehe 
Bellend. Croo., Bw ziii. 0. 7. Fr. enlrfc. 

afara raherait, qnhare he gat etUeret with hia anny.' 

ENTRES, $. Interest, concern. 

** Albeit the aaid oommiaaion hnth maid a gnde pro- 
naaa in the aaid matter of Eraetionn and Tejiwlea, and 
thai a 0tat nomber of onr aubjectia haveing enire§ 
Iharaia, naTe aabaciyfit to oa general aabmiaaioona ; — 
yat it ia certain that many of theae who hare entrtM in 
iBraetioana and Teyndea, lyit furtl^ and have not 
anbacnrrit the aaaoa generall aabmiaaioona.'* Acto 
Sedee., p. 4. 

F^. ialereaatf; intereated. 

ENTRES SILUER, the same with Ger- 

-—"Thai after the deceiaa of the rentallaria, hia 
Maiaatae haif power^to aatt, vaa and diapone thair- 

opoon al hia pleaaoor of new in few, ather lor aoflman- 
tatioon of the fanner rentale^ or for new anfrvsf asmar.** 
Aoto Ja. VL, 1587, Ed. 1814, p. 458. 

[ENTYRIT, pari. jMk Interred, buried, Bar- 
bour, xix. 224, Skeat's Ed.] 

[ENVERONYT, Envebemtt, Enwebouitd, 
pr^L and g. Environed| surrounded. V. 
Skeat's OL Barb.] 

ENVYFOW, adj. Invidious, malicious, ma- 
lignant, S. B. 

EPHESIAN, 9. The name given, in some 
parts of Ghilloway, to a pheuMont. 

'An ^pkuHan cam into the kirk the day !** aaid an 


Kpropnetor to aome of hia neighbonra, who had 
ahaent from public wonhip, — wtahim| to oom- 

manicato to them the moat memomble nole thai he had 

broo^t home with him. 

EPIE, Yepie, 9. A blow; as, with a sword, 
Roxb.; supposed to be from Fr. itpie^ ipie^ 
a sword. 

EPISTIL, 9. Any kind of harangue or dis- 

So prdatyk he aat intiU hia diayre 1 
Scho ronndia than ane epittU intill em. 

Mir. Pink, givea thia among paaaaoea not nnderatood. 
We have the phraae near^ in um aame wofda in 

The rowned ihe a pistal in hia ere. 

Hie tenn atill oooora among the vulgar, in the aenae 
giTon ahovcb 8. &, eridently from Lat. tpitUl^ uaed 

EQUAL-AQUAL, adj. Alike, Loth., 

To Equal-Aqual, v. a. To balance accounts, 
to make one thing equal to another. Loth. 

*« If I pay debt to other folk, I think they auUi pay 
it to me^that maU aqwaU.** Heart Bi. Loth., i. IfM. 
**£^aU aquau, makea all odda eron ;** GL Antiq. 

Equals-Aquala, adv» In the wajr of division 

strictly equal. South of S. 

" They aay that a' men ahare and ahara ejuaU-aquah 
in the creature*a nlyie.'* The Pirat^ iL 72. 

EQUATE, pret. and parL pa. Levelled. 

"The Boniania--«7irale the wallia thairof to the 
groond." Be!lenden'a T. Liv., p. 54. 

'* Baith thir pepiU war brocht nndir ane communito 
to leif in Rome, and the cieto Alba equaU — to the 
ground." Ibid., p. 39. 

From Lat. atfiua-rt ; tuquai-us, id. 

EQUYRIER, «. Anequeny. 

"Oar aouerane lorde — having oooaiderit the guid, 
trew, and thankful aemicea done and perfonnit to hia 
Majeatie be hia hienea domeatick aeruitouria Jamee 
Maxnell ane of the gentlemen iachearia, and Robert 
Doudaa ane of the equjfriert to hia hienea derreat aooe 
the Prince,** Ac. AcU Ja. VL, 1608, Ed. 1814, p. 329. 

Corr. from Fr. eaniyrr, acif|fer, id. 





EB. 1* The tenmnation of many words ex- 
pWMJTa of office or occnpation, both in S. 
■ad E.; «» wanJter^ a f oUer, ikipper^ a ship* 

viewi this termiiyitioii, whicli w alao vaed 

ia Ckm. and ths oUier northern lungnagei, at having 

♦ha ianw ■j^itJcation with Lat. vn% aikl C. B. iir, aman. 

TUi idaa noaiywi powerful oonfinnation front what 

bo onljoiMy that tr and fnoji are need aa synonymous 

■liQaa I aa» Belg. schippfr and schipmaM, nanta, 

and ploiiahman» arator, kanffer ami kauffmaii, 

or, Ae. We may add, that Moes-O. loair, A.-S. 

' Wi^ laL ear, 8a.«Q. letwr, Fr. Theot. uuara, Oerm. loer, 

- aad Dhux «r«^ have the same meaning. Ihre agrees 

with Wadrter in his hypothesis ; obMrving that in 

A.-fl. M tmw atu aigMm— ^ ^ir Bomanns; in O. Goth. 

nh er i a r, Viesnsesi the men ci Vika ; and according 

to VenlhH, thaS the BirnuuH, of the Utin writers, are 

m m niw Mm JHpvariar c« the IceUnden. He has also 

iMMflbad iSkU, aooocding to Herodotus, A«o^, among 

' Hbm anfisBt Scythians, must hare signified a man. For 

this fcther oi lustoiy says, 'Am^ yip Kukh^i rbm a»9p«i, 

S. Li other words, into which the idea of man 
does not enter, it is simply used as a ter- 
ininationj like Lat or in eandorf spUndoTf 
Ac y. Waditer^ ProL, sect. vi. 

ES^ ach. Before, formerly. - 

hfr Amery, that had the skaith 
Off Am hanoM I taald off €r, 


~ ■ r,ix.5i2,M& V. Air. 

Ebab, Eabbb, MMiip. of JSr. 1. Sooner. 

Or Ikqr be dantit with dnld. erar wiU thai de. 

€fawBmMd OoL, H It. 

9. Bather. 

win I now ehet me 
lb he lepiewyd of limpilnts, 
Than hnisM to tittle of wnkyndnes. 

* ITynlowis ril. PrvL 81 

la fUi ssBse it is r^ry frequentl jr need by Bellend. 
**Tlie I'lw^iri meit m oar eldaris was fische, nocht 
te tiie pisnte of it^ hot erar becaus thair landis Uy 
eftiMse waist throw eontinewal exercition of chenelry, 
4 lor thai eaaa thay leiffit maist of fische.** Descr. 

. **Qod ^«*'-"«"*«*'^ the to forgone him al his offensis 

wald be fofgeuinof GooT QuhiUi and thon do 

, Ihon pcmyia eoror agane thi self [in the Fater- 

r] than for thi aelf.'* Abp. HamUtoun'a Cato- 

FoL 17% a. 

although given as distinct, are Tery 

It lasniB obeenrataoo, that» aa trar is formed from 
tiie idea of priority as to time, E. rather owes its 
orim to a timiUir idea. For it ia deriTod from A.-S. 
n«i qni^ly ; eompar. rathor. 

Era8T» mperL 1. Soonest. 

Than war it to the eomomie Uwe, 
That is Imperyale, <ftu< drawsL 

Wpniomif Tiii. a 88. 

S. Eratt is used by Ninian Winyet, in the 
sense of chiefly, especially, most of all. 

** Albeit it chaaoe oft to tiie infirmitteof man, that 
he fdl esi aleip qnlMB lie suld era$t walk [watch], and 
ho cevin to pastyme quhen he suld maist diligentlie 

lahov,*ae. AstTractot. Keith's mat., App. p. 206. 
ItoooBB in tlie same aense in an Act of Ja. VL 

— "Heo ftmd the aame lee in proportione nor it 
aneht to be, beand oomptroUit be the rest of the 
weohtis and measuris abonewrittin ; and this aa ap- 
peiris earul be errour of the prentair." A. 1587. Ed. 
1814, p. 621. 

Here it might aignify, ** moat probably." 

£R ANDISy i. pL AiFairs, business; 

"And slw he maid and oonatitote Blaister Jhone 
Chesholme, Ac., speciale frendis, familiare seruandis, 
and principale intromettouris of the gudis A erandit of 
the said vniquhile Archibald Douglas sumtyme of Kil- 

2nndy, Ac, his pretondit cessionaris and assignais." 
cto Ja. v., A. 1539, Ed. 18U, jp. 354. 
A.-S. aerindt negotiom; Leg. Cnut. Caedmon. This 
ia only a secondary sense, aa it primarily meana a mes- 

Erand-bearer, s. a messenger. 

" Thairfoir hes nominat and aj^poiotit the said Mi- 
ehaell Elphinstoun off Querrel his commissioner and 
apeatiall erand bearer to the effect abone-writtin.*' 
Contract A. 1634. Dr. Wilson v. Forbes of Callendar, 
A. 1813. 

ERCHIN, (gutt.) 9. A hedgehog, Fife ; ur^ 
ehin^ £. ; Armor, heureuchm^ id. V. HuR- 


ERD, Erde, Yerd, Yerth, «. 1. The earth, 
S. i»on. yird. 

Gket howisyi of staae and hey standand 
To the enU fbll all downs. 

WgfUovm, TiL 5. 179. 

caltife Cnaeide, now and evirmara I 
Gen is tiiy joie and al thy mirth in ferth. 

Henr^tni^e Teai, Creaeide, Chnm, & P„ L 17a 

2. Ground, soil, S. I>iry yerd^ dry soiL 

'* Ton have been long on Uttle «rtf,'* S.ProT. N. 
** Onmnd." " Spoken to those whose diligence, about 
their businesi^ we find fault with." Kelly, p. 361. 

A.-& eardf IsL j^i^ Sn.-0. ThiLJord, Alem. erd-a. 
Germ. erde» Some haye traced trd^ or earth, to Heb. 
mK, oreez, id. O. Andr. aeems to deriTO it from Isl. 
cMT-ci, <r-&i» to plough; Lat. nr-are; Les., p. 120. 
This is the etymon given by Mr. Tooke. Earth, he 
says, is the third pers. of the indicative of A.-S. erian, 
araie, to ere, or plough— that which one ereth, or ear' 
eth, i.e. ered, er% that which ia ploughed. Divers. 
Purley, vu 417, 4ia He also derives Lat tdl-ue, the 
earth, from A.-S. ftf-ian, q. that which is UUed ; ibid., 

To Erd, Yerd, V. a. 1. To bniy, to inter, to 
conmiit a dead body to the grave, S. B. pro- 
nounced ytrJ. 

Thai haiff had h vm to Dnnferl jne ; 
And him lolemply erdjft tyne 
In a &yr tomb, in tiU the quer. 

Baritmr, ix. 28S, Ma 

2. Sometimes it denotes a less solemn inter- 
ment, as apparently contrasted with 6erM, 
i.e. bury. 

^Ihe gret lordis, that he fimd 

Dsde in the feld, he sert berjf 

In haly place hoDonbtlly. 

And the lave syne, that dede war thar, 

Into srst pyttis erdyt war. 

•^ *^^ Barbour, xiil 666, MS. 

3. To cover any thing with the soil, for pre- 
servation or concealment. Thus potatoes 




put into m pit nnder ground, that they may 
not be injiued by frost, are said to be erdU^ 
arjfirdiif S« 

Am* wT aiioUaf 1m WM ne gnihi 

B* Wvk'd tU good which 1m himien 


^MMf in th4 Buckam DiaUet^ p. 7. 

I hK9% BOi obtefTtd thftl there is waj A.-S. v. of a 
■Sniiler fonnatkwi. But in Sil-O. there is not only the 
inr d ' f Bu H a. bat ftbo Utni^u, need in the same 
■epeliri s Inn. laL jori-o. id. 

Erd-drot, Erdrift, «• A word commonly 
used in theconnties of Aberd. and Meams, 
to denote mow or hail driven yiolently by 
die wind from off the earth; opposed to 
Tawdm^riftf which signifies snow or hail 
blown directly and forcibly from the hea- 
Tens. y. Endbift and Toudex-dkift. 

Erddtk, Tibdek, «• 1. An earthquake. 

Mrddwmgni in YUly 

Aad aamnm Ml all tnddAnly, 

Aad iamMtr dayia firm thine lestand. 

WpnUnom, viL S. 17S. 

2. It seems to be originally the same word, 
which is sometimes used in Ang., and 
pretty generally through the Northern 
counties, for thunder. 

In Fife Aere ie n pro w bial phrase denoting expedi- 
tion^ althondb the meaning of the alliiaion leemi to be 
lost amooff ttioee wiio nae it : *' The warli net on lilie 

A.4L torik^i^ teme motos, a. the din made by 
Hm earth. It la also called in tne same language, 
MTtk-be^fiuigt the trembling of the earth. The latter 
oomnModa to the Sa.-0. and IsL designation, iord' 
ka^kmgt the heaTinff of the earth ; and iord-skaff, Isl. 
kunUtiai/lef from Jce(f-a, to shake, to tremble, to 
oaaM to tremble. 

Am traaaferrsd to thunder, it is evident that the 
term ia nsed Tory <^liqaely. The well-known effect of 
thnnder in the air, however, seems to have suggested 
to onr ancestors the idea of some sort of resemblance 
to the imsgined effect of a concussion of the earth. 

Erdb and 8TANE. ProcesM of trde and stane^ 
the legal mode of giving validity to the 
casualty of Becojmition, by which the rii^ht 
of proi^rfy i«ttu^ to the superior. ^ 

•— *'The piooeM of recognitioan of landis and ten- 
■entia [tenementis] within bnrgh, for non payment of 
aonnelrenti% hes bene vsit in all tymes bigane, — be 
haning rse n rss to the landis and tenementis addettit 
in the saidis annnelUs, proeen of erde and stane in four 
held oomrtfsl as is prescriuit be the form of law," &c. 
Aota Ja. VL, 1578^ £d. 1814, p. 112. 

Henoe Erskine, speaking of necognition, says ; "This 
oaanalty — was not incnrrra, either if the dectl was not 

r footed by setfjn,— or if the seisin was nulL" Inst. 
ii tit. 0b i IS. 

Erd Houses, habitations formed under 

*' At the same place, and also in another part of the 
jpjuish, are what the country people call eirti houMfi, 
These are below ground, and some of them said to ex- 
tend a grsai way. The sides of these subterraneous 

mansions are faced np with dry stones, to the height 
of about 6 feet, thev are between three and four feet 
wide, and ooversd above with large stones laid across. 
They may have been either receptacles for plunder, or 
plaoee of shelter from the inclemency of the weather, 
oefore houses were built, or of concealment from an 
enemy.** P. Strathdon, Aberd. Statist. Aoc. xiii. 

These snbterraneoua stmcturso are by some called 
Piduih. V. Statist. Aoa, six. 359. Some of those 
buildings ascribed to the Picts seem to have been ori- 
ginally ooveced with earth. Ibid., P. Dunnet, Gaithn.* 
zi.257. N. 

The deeeription, as has been observed, corresponds 
to that given oy Tacitus of the buildings of the ancient 

The name, in this instance, is the same still used in 
Iceland : Jardhuif domus subterranea ; Q. Andr., p. 
129. The designation given to a castle, in that inter- 
esting country, also bears a striking analogv to a name 
still more commonly given in S. to these subterraneona 
buildings. Jttrdborff, castellum vallo munitnm, VereL, 
i.e. an erd-bttrg. This also illustrates what is said con- 
cerning the Pictish Buildings, Disskbt., p. 29. It ia 
moat probably to an ertKe hotue of this description that 
Thomas of Eroildone alludes. Sir Tristrem, p. 149, aa 
he says that it was wrought by Etenei, or giants, in 
ancient days. V. the passage, vo. WoucH. 

[Erdino, Erdtno, «. Burial. Barbour, iv. 
255. 295, Skeat's ed.] 

Erdlt, Eibdlie, adj. Earthly. 

'*Nathtng eirdlie is mair Joyous and happy to aa 
nor to se our said derrest sone, in our awin 1 vf etime, 
peciablie placit in that rowme and honorabiU estate 
quhairto he justlie aucht and man suooeid to.** Instr. 
of Besi^iation, 1567. Keith's Hut., p. 431. 

To ERE. V. An, v. 

EREI, EiB, «. Fear, dread ; Ang. V. Ert. 

ERF, Erfe, adv. Expl. ^ Near, approach- 
ing to f as, " What time is itr •* It's erfe 
twal o'clock," Roxb. 

I suspect, however, aa Erf is viewed as synon. with 
Frgh, and the latter is used to denote what ia insuffi- 
cient or scanty, the proper signification may be^ scarcely, 
not fully ; q. " not fuUy twelve.** 

ERF, adj. 1. Averse, reluctant. Erf to do 
any thing. Loth. Fife. Ise arfe^ I am 
afraid, Ol. Yorks. 

2. Reserved, distant in manner. Loth. 

This seems merely a oorr. of Ergh, q. v. 

To ERGH, Aroh, Erf, v. n. 1. To hesi- 
tate, to feel reluctance, S. 

** Yet when I had done all I intended, I did ergh to 
let it go abroad at this time, for sundry xeasooa.** 
BaUlie^ Lett., i. 367. 

Thy verses nice ss ever nicket. 
Made me ss canty aa a cricket ; 
I ergh to reply, lest I stick it 

SamUUm^ JUunm/t Poems, IL 834. 

8. To be timorous, to be reluctant from timi* 
ditj, S. 

Dear Jenny, I wsd speak t*ye, wsd ye let,— 
And yet I ergh, ye*r sy see soomlU' set 

RamM^s Fom», IL 126. 




n«l jMi ■• tryl to invl/oa mtlkle, 
Votywr yott atoa'd prat* niM Mid flckk. 

Jhid., p^ M8. 

A.«fll w»y fWt toqMjMMv pro ttmoro. £r/, as ezpl. 
ti nK ntoiiM tlie origiiuJ wiim; to be anxioai to do 
* thn^ jrel afraid to Twitiira on it. 

Eboh, adj. 1« Hesitating^ scrupolous, doabt- 
filly Sw 

1 TtmonKUy S..B. 

8. Scanty, not sufficient, not full ; as, ^ Ye 
hae na made the line of that side o' the 

. voad straifffat ; it juts out there, and here 
it is €rghr lioth^ Bozb. 

4. PsrsimoniouSy niggardly, reluctant to part 
with one's property, Boxb. 

Eboh, adv. Insufficientlj, not fully; '^*I canna 

eat that meat ; its ergh ^iled ; Loth. 

Mrf^ m danotiiiff h— itation, or timidity, is nn- 
doa M adjy allied to laL ergi^ ergia, impotent et affec- 

a. each a feeue and ineffectual at- 

\ nrom want of detenninatioa. Hence 

\ Tir impotentie oonaminia ; q. an erghmij 

Jj^lo^ animnm demittere. So trgiz kver aem 

€Bikt jmror aenectatit comei; Haldonon. Here it 

•fideiifij donotea timidity s as if it were said, '^Tho 

^psfior Isre sit^ vt aetato proTOctior ; Ibre, ya Arg, 

I am ooBvinesd, indeed, that our Erak is rsdicallv 
the aamo with this tenn, which, as has oeen obserreo, 
ffOu Arck, ilrpil, } carried in it the idea of snch infamy, 
fa the minda of the ancient Ctoths. To what is there 
o b aa i i ed , it may be added, that as they attached so 
■ash boBoar to fortitade in war, as thu was deemed 
aaepe r abqndant compensation for the want of ererv 
aonlTiitae; e?«i an indisposition for warfare, though 
fwrissilina from the inactivity prodnoed by agd, was 
OOMidsnd m highly dii^^rsoefat Hence, in Sa.-0., 
hois aaid, arg-<ut, 'enjos consenescit animi robnr. The 
Ihb aomttimea aasuned m gnttoral sound, like oar 
mvk, War9 tmam tke§ arj^iar ; Jos Aolic. Maigarstae, 
fUL, i^Ihro. 

Am ihm tsnn waa transferred at length to the person 
who tamely submitted to the highest aissrace to which 
a haaband can be snbjected, it is thus explained. Arga 
is dieitnv oojna uxor moDchatnr, et is tacet. This term 
had bssB bfooglit into Italy by the Longobardi. V. 
DaCbags^ to. Arga, 

My late friend, Bobert Graham, Esq., of Fintry, 
than whom few were better acouainted with the an- 
oisnl langnay and inanners of nis country, or took a 
BHva cotoial mteiest in them, in a communication made 
to mo after the publication of the former yolumes, says, 
fa v^giid to Aftkt Arak ; ** In confinnation of the ob- 
SOTiBliuua under this head, I remember when a boy at 
Dnndee fa 17U» JArfi being used as a tenn of reproach 
by an old woman whom we were wont to tease." 

Eboh, Ebohixo, «• 1. Doubt, apprehension, S. 
2. Fear, timidity, S. 

A.-& frAlA, denotes both lasinoss and fear. 

ERIE, Eebie, <u^\ V.Eby. 
ToERLE,«.a. Tobetrothe. 

O wha win alt on yere toom saddle 
O wha wiU brnik yers glnve ; 

▲a' wha win ftnld your sfinf bride 
r the UndUe ehMps o' lure I 
Mermaid 1^ Oattowag. OrmmtelfiiU, pi 287. 

"BJ^erf, betrothed,** N. V. Abli, v. 

ERLIS. V.Ables. 

ERLISH, adj. Elvish, preternatural. V. 

ERLSLAND, «. V. Ebysland. 

ERMTT, «. An earwig, Loth. 

''Spiders, wasps, hornets, earwigs or ermUa, toads, 
ants and snails, are aU of them enemies to bees.*' 
MazweU*s Bee-master, p. 23. 

This seems originally the same with Sw. oermatk^ 
id., i.e., a worm or maggot that enters the ear," 

ERN, Ebne, Eibne, Eabn, «. 1. The eagle. 

For JoMtf fottle the 


For jome rome lao MtvmM come sorana or, 
Flssad Tp heich towsrt the bricht rede sky. 

Ikmg, rWgU, 416L 61. 
The term occurs m 0. E. 

-In ache roche ther ys 

In tyme of yen an enufe nest, that hii bredeth in ywyi. 

B.6V0IIC, p.l77. 
In another MS. egl^e. 

In some parts of S., at least, this name is appropri- 
ated to the Golden Eagle, or Falco Chrysaetos, Linn. 

'*The golden eagle used formerly to build in our 
rocks, though of late it has discontinued the practice ; 
but we have a visit of them annually for some months ; 
they are commonly known among the shepherds by 
the name of the earn, a visit of wmch among the flock 
is dreaded as much as that of the fox." P. Campsie, 
StirUngs. Statist. Ace., zv. 323, 321. 

2. The osprey ; Falco haliaetus, Linn. 

Holland, after mentioning the EgUl as Emperour, 
says : — 

Ernie ancient of sir Ungis that croanid is 
Next hii Cebitttde fonnth aecound appeid. 

HouialM, \L 1. 

It is accordingly observed by Bun. Jonas; Em 
Scotis est grande genus aoci^itrum. Diet. Island, ad 
Calo. Gramm. IsL Many writers, indeed, have classed 
the osprey among hawka. 

The term is general in the Northern languam. A.-S. 
earn; Moes-G. arane ; Belg. am, arrstf ;isl. aiim, 
oemt cm, Su.-G. oern^ ant. am; Lapland, ame, Sw. 
otm^ properly denotes the golden eagle. Faun. Suec. 
Penn. ZooL, p. 161. Art in Edda also signifies a<|uila; 
in nominativo speciali, artn, whence oerUf according to 
G. Andr., p. 15. Alem. artn^ arin^ id. Am^ avem 
quamvia ex rapto vivere solitam notat. Schilter. 

The oeorey, Su.-G. is kaf-otm^ i.e., the sea eagle. 
Hence indeed the Linnean designation, kaliaetue. It 
is also denominated JUt-otm^ or the fish-eagle ; Faun. 

To ERN, p. a. Niue sae muckU as would em 

?aur M, a phrase used to denote tlie least 
it, or smallest particle; sometimes equiva- 
lent to, not a drop,.Aberd. 

My intelligMit correspondent, who communicates 
this term, conjectures that em may signify to enter, 
because it is sometimes said in the same sense, "Nae 
* sae muckle as would enter your ee.'* But there can be 
no doubt that this must be viewc-d as the same with 
Um (Angus), only pronounced after the manner of the 
more northern counties. It signifies to pain, to tor- 
tors ; and is used, precisely in the same connexion. 




To urn l/U M. v. Umir, v. Under lliia v. I haye 
nfcrrad to laL cme^ oaIot^ and or»» foeiu. Tkefa are 
■bo writfeeoy perfaape more pioperly, «ni, oran, and 
ann, Dan. ome denotee *'a enimney, a fire-pliiee ; ** 
WoUt O. Andr. and Haldoreon deduoe arm, fociie, 
from tlio oldprimitiTe or, eignifying fire. If the rela- 
tfam ol oar .ffm or (/rn, to am, orae, foeii% aa referring 
to tlie painful eeneation prodnoed by heat^ or inflam- 
mation in the ^ye^ alioiild not ■ataefy; we mij^fat 
pecfai^ traoe the word to another ancient primitiTe, 
dflr or our; Blinntiwimnm <|iiid, et re ArtpMr eignifi- 
eana; O. Andr. Pnlvia miniitininiii% atomoa in 
ladiia eolariboei HaldorMn ; q. **a mote in the eye.** 

ERNAND, parL pr. 

The Day, befeir the mddaae NIchtte chdoe, 

Dob not m miftUe go ; 
Nor bars, befoir the trnamd grBwhomd'e bot, 
With tpeid b omit ml 

JfmCbml PteM^ p. 817. 
Thb may ngniiy, ninning ; from A.-S. ^te-eom-oa, 
epm-aii, irriMM, enmre. & doee it meen, keen, eag- 
erijr deeiroae, A.-S. ^eora-oa, ooneupieoerB; geom, cu- 
pidaa ; Id. giarm, deeiderane ; Moee.-0. gairm^an, hL 
ghrn-ad, eapere? 

ERN-FERN, «. The Brittle fern, or poly- 

dody, Polypodiain fragile, Linn. ; found on 

high xtxsluy S. 

It mi^t henoe eeem to baTO raceiTed ite deeignation, 
tfaeee being the abode of the eegle or era. Bat it may 
be eorr. Ikom mfer/gm, the A.-S. name of thb phmt. 

ERNISTFULL, ojy. Eager, ardent. 

— ** And bee be hb ^t bboaib, ▼ihement ezpensb 
k d^Ib danger ol him aelf, hb kyn and freyndia, 
vebnt onr aoaeranb mabt aobb perooon fra the cmell 
0mi^fiM perente of the king andtwonaell of Ingbnd," 
fte. Aete ICeiy, 1S54, Ed. 1814, App., p. eOl. 

A.-S. eemeii; wrmut^ etndioeai^ ■erioi, Tehemens. 
Aa eenMif ngniflee duellnm, a aingle combat ; it.might 
be enpipMea that eomef^ aa aigaifying eager, might 
hare originated from thb, as thb again might be traced 
to eora-mi, to ran, kni^ta alwaya appearing in the 
fiata on horaebaok. Bat Lye (Jon. Etym.) aappoeea 
eenwil to be the aaperiatire of A.-S. ^torm^ cupidns, 
itndioa m L which mqaently appeara m the form of 
earn. We 6nd no word conreaponding with emittfuU^ 
which b indeed a taatolo^, aa tarmeti of itaeU pro- 
pariy aigniflea **Tery deatrooa;" bot we have eom- 
> JiOkoB, and ffeon^uake, atudioa^ from gton^wU, 
atndioaaa, cnpidoa. 

[Ebictstfullt, adv. Earnestly, seriously. 
Bazboor, Tiii. 144, Skeat'a Ed.] 

ERN-TINGS, «. pi Iron tongs, South of S. 

**Gin I wad me an' aave her life, it wadna be bng 
till I aaw her carrying yon oat like a taed in the em- 
liaai^ an' thrawin' ye ower the aw -midden." Brownie 

To ERP, V. ffi* To be constantly grumbling 

on one topic ; as, an erpin ihingj one that is 

ftill dwelling in a querulous mode on one 

point, Fife. 

Thb baa preeiaely the aame aignificatioa, and aeema 
OffbinaUy the aame term with Orp, need in Angna. 

laL trj^r aigiiiflea a wolf ; abo^ a gicantic wonnan. 
Thb term may have primarily denoted the growling 
of a wolf. 

ERRASY, «• Heresy. 

'*That na manor of peraoane atrangear that bap* 
pynnb to arriTe with thare echip within ony pait of 

thb raalme bring with thaim ony bnkb or werkb of 
the aaid Luthere, hb diadplee, or aerrandia, dbput or 
reherab hb erraiyit or opinioania, bot gif it be to the 
oonfoaioane tharof, and that be clerkb in the aenlis 
aUneriie, vnder the pane of eachetiiig the achippb and 
gadia, and patting of thair peraoonb in preaoane.'* 
Acta Ja. v., 1635, Ed. 1814, p. 342. 

ERSE, adj. used as a «• The name vulgarly 
giveu to that dialect of the Celtic which b 
spoken by the Highlanders of S. 

Thb name baa originated from their Gothic neigh- 
boon, from the idea of their being an Irish colony: for 
the Highlandera invariably call their language Goefic 

ERT AND, parL pr. [Prob. excitable ; hence, 
pushing, ambitious.J 

Than Sehir Qawyne the gay, gnda and gradai,— 

2^r, and eriana, and nght antanu,^ 
elb of the maasage to Schir Oobgroa. 

fltewoa ONil (Tot., U. 7. 

Thb may aignify ingenioaa in forming a proper olan, 
from Airi, v. to aim. Aa coigoined with egir and cm- 
terui^ it may, however, have aome meaning analogooa 
to hi^-apirited, mettleaome; laL erC-o, uritare, er« 
fiaa, irritabnndua. 

(To ERT, V. a. To direct V. AirtJ 

To ERT, V. a. To urge, to prompt; Ol. 
Davidson. V. Aibt, v. 

To Ert ofif V. a. To urge forward. 

To Ert tip, v. a. To incite, to irritate, Upp. 

Thb b radicaDy different from Ert^ aa aignifving to 
aiin, to direct, being evidently the aame with lai. tH-a^ 
irritare. It aeema, indeed, to be the v. from which the 
old participle Ertand haa been formed. 

ERTIENIO, adj. Ingenious, having the 
power of laying plans, &c^ Ayr.; a deriv. 
from art. 

ERY, Erie, Eert, Eerie, Eirt, adj. 1. 
AfiFrightened, affected with fear, from 
whatever cause. 

Thoa the fear of Cacoa, when flying from Herculee, 
b deacribed : — 

Swift as the wynd he fled, and gdt away. 
And to his caae him sped with en/ sprete ; 
The dxeda adionlt wyngb to hb f«to. 

Doug. VirgO, 24S. 60. 

My fetaU weird, my febiU wit I wary, 
Mr desie held qnhome bik of brmne s^t Tary, — 
with ary coraga febUl strenthb sarjr, 
Bownand me hame and list na boger tary. 

Police i^ffoHour, FnL, st 12, EiUt 1579. 

2. Under the influence of fear, proceeding from 
superstition excited by the wildncss and rude 
horrors of a particular situation. 

Fra th jne to moot Tarpeya he him kend^ 
And beiknyt to that steda fra end to end, 
Quhars now standis the ^Idin Canitob, 
Vmqahile of wjrlde baskis rouch BKny^gf knolL 
Thoeht the ilk tyme yit of that dredful pboe, 
Ane ferafnl reverent religioun percaoe 
Tlie erg rarall pepyll dyd affray. 
So that thb crag and skrogeb woorshippit thay. 

I)»ty. Fttytf, SM. 19. 




S. Bjr a BUAt transition, it has been nsed to 
denote tEe feeling inspired by the dread of 
ghoets or spirits, B. 

^1t jtik ptt-Burk, tht yud «' Uaek about, 
* Aid tiM airiit-feid bflaan again to shoat 
Tte^ Oka^b and UOitiia tenor thirl'd. 
At Of^ timo tha dowia monster akirl'd. 
.. At laal tba Uadly d^ bmn to clear, 
. *Tha bMa to eUrm. and oay-Ught to appear : 
TUi]attter«wytiioii^t8.-r* '^'^ 

Boa^» HdtHon, pi 84. 

I Omm vf «Mu<ftMV did fornther. 
That pot ma in an mrie twitEer. 

Amu, 0141 

4. Caninng fear of the spiritnal world, S. 

Ctomy, i^oony, waa the night. 
And Mry waa the way. 

Jiuuifdtg Border, H S66. 

•'FkododiigaiipmlitMMiadxvad.'' K. Ibid. 

Aft jont the dyke ahe'a heaid yon bnmmin, 


5« [Causing sorrow or sadness.] Used in a 
general sense, as suggesting the idea of 
sadness or melancholy affecting the mind, 
horn the influence of something which, 
althoogh not preternatural, is yet out of the 
onfinaiy course, and tends io excite the 
feelings, or to awaken painful recollections, 

''To mny thmk it is an eery thinff to me, to aee my 
poor bninia snboittinff that way topteaaure a atranger 
m A* bar nonaeiiao.'' Cottagers of CHenbumlo, p. 260. 

r tboetfit Sold & Piaaton yoor awords ye vadna 

Bo Bm r caold iron wha wad swappit ye a.* 

Lammf L. JiaxwOl, JaoobiU Bdiu, iL S4. 

Wb« f came next Inr merrie Carlisle, 
O aad aad aeem'd the town, and etrU I 

Tbaaold anid men came oat and wept : 
" O maiden, oome ye to aeek yoor dearie T 

IhitL, iL 196L 

& Melancholy, dreary; in a more general 
sense, as applied to what is common or quite 
natural, S. 

Load load the wind did roar. 
BtonnyandecfML JaeoNte Jte^Mf, iL SIS. 

** Bfmy tbiqg waa qniet, except now and then that 

Iho ban ol aa ox waa to bo beard which miuMl bia 

■aigbhwiT, or the etnt wbiatlo o' the moaa-plover." 

Fanls ol Ifaa, ii. 236. 

It is BOi imfKrobable that Belg. eer, rererentia, and 

▼onerari, Toren, oolere, have had a common 

But onr wonl ia more immediately allied to lal. 

tamio ; O. Andr. Lex., p. 188. Mffryn in like 

iignifieo fear, (VeieL) aa alao uggir ; offurlegur, 

twnibflia 2 Ibra, to. Oga. Ir. GaeL earadh^ denotea 

fMr, mtatrnat. But it aeoma to bAve no cosnate terma, 

m aitbar laagoago. V., bowever, Ergh^ adj. 

Having the 
causes fear. 

Ert-uke, Eert-like, adj, 
appearance of that which 
dreary, o* 

At bet, and Ung, when night began to gloom, 
And ewy liki to ait on ilka howm, 
Thav came at laat nnto a gentle place, 
Ana wha anght it, but an anld aunt of his f 

itoif'a Hdinare^ p^ 83. V. Ear. 

Ert-soice, Eerisome, adj. Causing fear, 
tliat especially which arises from the idea 
of something preternatural, Clydes. 

—"She taold oa, that lao aime aa I enterit the rowt, 
a* the kyo atoppit ebowan' their end, and giod a dowf 

Mag., Deo. 1818^ p. 503. 

Ertkess, Eiryness, m. Fear excited by the 
idea of an apparition, S. 

Thy graining and maining 
Haith Uitlie rrikd myae eir ; 
Debar then affar then 
ARfirynieu or ttir. 

Virion^ Xvergmmt L SIS^ at & 

ERTSLAND, Erlslakd, Eusland, «. A 
denomination of land, Orkn« 

*'BemainB of Popiah cbapela are many, bocanao every 
MrjftUmd of 18 penny land bad one for matina and Tea- 
pen^ but now all are in mina." P. Biraay, Orlm. 
Sta^at Aoe., xiy. 323. 

**Hen^ thio entriea are firet hv iaianda and pariahea, 
tbon by towna and villagea, ana laatly by marklanda, 
eMatuU, or onncelanda, pennylanda, and farthing- 
hada ; and theao diviaiona were obaerved, in order to 
fix and limit thia tax, which ia aapnoaed to baye been 

S'd to the town for protection." Bany'a Orkney, p. 

'* The iaianda were diyidod into Mhutande^ or Onnce- 
landa^ erery one of which made the eighth part of a 
Markland, and waa deemed aaflScient for the anpport 
ol n ebiof and bia aoldiera.** Ibid., pb 187. 

A f9la n d 18 eridently the aamo wiUk Sa.-G. oeres* 
ttmdf which Dire definea aa denoting the eighth part 
of a Markland. — ^Ita at maHdand octonia partiboa 
anperet oeresland ; to. Taefftt, p. 864. Oere, aignifiea 
aa onnoo. V. Ubb. The aame diyiaion waa aometimea 
oaUod oeretef. V. Dire, yo. Mark, Perfaapa erlitand 
is <!. oereiaUiaHd. Oere, in the Lawa of Gothland, ia 
written er, laL omri, ejfii; Ibid., vo. Oere; from en*, 
eyre, aea, braaa. Etuland ia probably an t iruimm for 
eHdimd. Un» ia indeed naedfin Sw. for oimee. Thna 
it might bo a corr. of wulaikL But it aeema, at any 
nla^ a word of modem vaa. 

ESCH, «. The ash, a tree. 

The hie etcAw loandia tharB and here. 

Jhug. Ftfyff, 86fi. la 

EscHiN, adj. Of or belonging to the ash. 

Orate eacMn atokkia tambillia to the groond. 

DoM^ ITirga, 160. IOl 

To ESCILAME, v. n. To be ashamed. 

Xaekameg of onr aleath and oowanlise, 
Seand thir gentUis and tbir paganls aold 
Enaew yertew, and eschew eneiy tioe. 

Jkmg. Virga, IM. 858. 4 

A.-S. ateam-ien^ aahamed, Moea.-0. aiam-aii, em- 

[ESCHAP, EsciiAiP, V. fi. To escape. 
Barbour, iii. 618, x. 81, Skeat's ed.] 

[EscHAP, «. Escape. Ibid., ii. 65.] 

ESCHAY, «• Issue, termination. 

— '* To complett fiftene yeria, qnhilk beand oompletit 
waa in the yere of God Lxxxmi yeria ; and the eecAay 
. of bia terme at Witaounday.*' Act. Dom. Cone, A. 
1488, p. 113. 




ESCHEL, EscHKLB, Esohell, Esorbiix, «. 
** A diviaion of aa wnaj arranged io aome 

Crticalar manner; bat its form I cannot 

b n mkdti ordaiiTt 1m bad 

At AdUc tlitt 1m hud in lodiBg : 

Tte KiBf , wtO* MiM in the mormg, 

flaw trm cnmmawd thmr tjni «feMM, 

Aifajit nml J. and ineila : 

Aad al thar bak, fomdaUl Bar lund, 

.Ha aaw tha toUijr flillowaiid. 

AirBour, fUL ttl, 1091 

Imadil 1(120^ inakaad ol n eickOU, it ia, In BaUeb 

^Tkm wwd la airidaatly O. Vr, etchde^ a aqnadron. 
OoBoaming thia, GaaenaiiTe obaeiTea ; Ceat ca qa'Ua 
maOoiani Searoe^ Hincmar, Epiat. 5. BeUatoniiii 
aciai^ qvaa Tiilgari aamuma Swtom Tocanma. Ay- 
■011111% lib. iT.t e> 16., ooUegit a IVaaciaa bellatoribiu, 
g c i araai, qaam noa Tvraiaiii, Tel Cimevm, apptdlara 

It would appaar tbat L. B. aeo/o, merely denoted a 
di fhiion ol an amy ! Manipnloa militaria, aen qnaeTia 
■flitnm tnnna, aiya aqnittim, aive peditum dicitar, 
OolL o eai l roii , oli m eaMJeOr, Snomqno exercitom in 
duB <SbalB« aan jMuiei diTirit. Cbartai A. ]383» ap. 

A% bowovor, tbe wocd eMU0i la m modem military 
tens, it baa been aaid, tbat t»didt ia " need in modem 
laetieak and ineana tbe oblique movement of a nomber 
ol drnMrna." Edin. Her., Oct 1803, p. 206. But 

^ara ia not any woof, I imagine^ tbat it waa uaed in 

urban Barbour wrote. 
Tba uaa ol tbe tenti, Barbour, zii. 214, confirma tbe 
idaii tbatfe in n general aenae^ it denoted a diviaion of 

Bdkalp wa wi tbaHbr in ble mornyng; 
. 0ira tbat we, be tba aone ryiing, 
Haff bard masi ; and bodnrt wmll' 
nk man In till bia awu etcMU, 
Wllb out tbe paUyowuTi, arayit 
Da balaOUa, irttbbaBeria diflplayit 

kha, R xirL 401, Ha. 

—And Bkbmond, In gud any, 
ObBM lidand in tba f^ MeAtfOL 

In tbe aanw general aenae it ia uaed, Wyntown, Tiii. 

Itee Oat tban all affrayid waa : 
But Boncbt-fiir>tbi tbe wortby men 
Tbara folk atowtly anyid tben. 
And dalt tbama fai-ta JEmA€/w thra : 
Hm Kyiy bym-aelf in aoe wald bo; 
And to tba Erie syne of Moirawe 
And to Dowglaa aae-othir be gawe ; 
Tbe Stwart bd tbe tbryd .fi^dkW^, 
Tbat wea tbe meat be mekil dele. 

TUa ia eoBfimied by ita aignification in O. E.: 

In tbra paitiia to figbt bii oste be did deaite. 
Hr Jamaa of Auenu be bad tbe first etehde^ 
Waa nan of bia teitu in amies did so wele. 

Jt Bnnmut p. 187, 1861 

To B^ it ajjpaara, tbat botb Fr. f^hele and L. B. 
aewla aiu orimnally Ootb. ; and may bare been intio- 
dnead tbrou|p tbe medium of tbe Frankiah. Stt.-G. 
aftowf algnifiea diacrimen, and may properly enougb bave 
bean applied to tbe aquadrona into wnich an army was 
diTidaa ; aitf-»a, diatmgneriy aeparare ; from tbe IsL 
narticia alo, denoting diviaion, and correaponding to 
Lai. A; Oemi. aeAe^en, A.-S. aeyfon, id. 


*« Asa eidMKI acbod witb yron witbout ana bolt." 
bivwtoffiea, A. 1678, p. 256. 
•« Ana MdMfott acbod witbout ana bolt" lb., p. 258. 

n>u u. 

Tt. ۤadleUe aigttiiiea "n littlo ladder, or akala;"* 
Cot0. But wbatbar tbia be tlia manning ban aaana 

(ESCHEYE, EscHEWE, V. o. To eschew, to 
shuiu BarbouTa L 805, iiL 298. Skeat's 

O. F. escUaer, to UToid.] 


But be tbe mar be unbappy. 
Ha sail etekew it in party. 

Awtoiir, IIL £^ ka Fr. odkaMT, id. 

EscHEWy EscHEWEy «• An achievemeiit. 

—Thar a siege set tbaL . 
And qubiU tbat tb& assegis Uy, 
At tbir eastelUs I spak offer. 
Apart €$ekewift oft maid tbar war: 
And mony Ciyr cbewalrr 
Mtekmoift war ML doucntely. 

Horfiour, zz. 16, MSL 

In edit. 1620, oiMwftf ia aubatitnted. But it ia a^. 
dently a more general idea tbat ia oouTeyed by tba 
term : aa af tenrarda expL by tbe v. from wbicb it ia 

[In tbe Edin. MS. it oertainly meana osMiMft or aotf y 

th - - 

in tbe paaaage oorreeponding witb »▼. 04 of Skeat'a Ed.] 

ESCHEW, preL Showed, declared. 

"C Claudius aa afore we e$ckew, deteating tbe in- 
juria and oppresaioun done be tbir ten men, — fled to 
Baipll, bia auld cuntra." Bellend. T. Lit., p. 288. 

ESEMENT of HOUSHALD, apparently 
lodging, accommodation by living in a house. 

— *«Tbat Scbir William Cbarteria of Ckgnora— pny 
to Bicbard Safitone tbe aome ol iii. L viii a. ancbt to 
bim for matt A drink— A z merkia for e$emetU iff Aova- 
Aoli ol iiij yeria bygain," Ac Act Audit., A. 1478, 
p. 70. 

h, R nMcMiaif-iNR, toz fdrenaia, faeultaa quam qvm 
babat utendi, in alieno praedio^ rabua non aula. Da 

ESFUL^adj. **Prodacing ease, commodious." 

TQ Ibgland be wea nrobt speeyala,— 
Hawaad tbe Papys rail powers 
In all, tbat tU bym e(/itt wersi 

VFynlown, tIL a 66. 

[E8iT,EsTT,pfet.,«.andpf. Eased, comforted, 
relieved ; and, reJUctvoely^ took their ease. 

Barbour, ii.6SS,ziv. 387, zirii. 483, 797. Skeat'aEd.] 

ESE, «. An eft or newt, S. V. Ask. 

To ESE, Eesk, Yesk, t^. n. To hiccup, S. B. 

A.-S. ^tse-ian, IsL AyyoEt-o, Ayarf-o, Germ, ffox-en^ 
giX'tn, Bug. kix-en, id. Junius mentiona E. yex aa 
used in tbe same senae. 

EsKix, Eeskin, 8. The hiccup, S. B. 

A.-S. fftoesung, IsL hixie^ Belg. Aicibe, id. V. tbe v. 

ESKDALE SOUPLE, a figurative designa- 
tion for a broad sword, or a two-handed one. 


Gin I were but on Corby's back again, — and the 
EMaU 9omple o'er my aboulder (tbat waa tbe cant namu 
ol Cbarlie*s tremendous sword), I might tben woric my 
way." PeriU of Man, iL 46. 

From ita reeemblance to that part of a flail which 
«eri&ei the grain. V. SotrPLS. A Tory natural 






I balk tm Mooaal o( Hi riMk wd baoMM th* 
mn wm btMar Mqufattd with tlM oae of thii 

Ikui of an J olk«r knid oi fUU. Tte tMiOt Imwvvw, 

ii Ml MtiMriml bgr ttMi 

ESPANTi;i. SpMiu 

^^Thaft Hm Mid eiailiM to franco bo anpereedit tad 
dilojil qobill tlio eoBog ol tlio amlMudaloarii of 
M^fmm^mMSkMwnmjm in tlio reolino ol Ingiond," 
fto. iotiJA.IV., 146Q^Sd.l814,p.814. 

Dr. lijiiiinyii. Lot SUjptmia. 

ESPED, iwH. jM. The same with Expede^ 
dimtcbed, issued from an office witnout 

« Mlhaft an i|paft(Nuio--oiid on Tthirio lottorii ellii 

' bo iobosnptmni ol omo aoaomio Lodyis derrett 

r» Ido. oom to tbo aoilio— to bo poot throw tho 

botaiz thio and tho lint dayo oTBiaiche," Acts 

UnWBfJML 1814, p. m. 

I oipad^ aboady ozpoditod* 

ESPERANCE,«. Hope, Fr. id. 

Thii ii tiM tMn ooomonly one 
**no P ^o ht i o w o r oiobkit in eqwromee of bottor 
iDftoaa.* Gkoo.F.40^a. 
It ii wod bj flhalupoara. 

ESPINELL^s. A sort of mbjr. 

thair hall bant. 

ESPLIN, «• A stripling, Meams; synon. 


TWa aaaaaa to ba ot^inally tho iamo with ffatpan, 
AipJB^ Soatt of &» q. T. 


Tho thaadar laif Oa doadii MbOL 
Wtth banfUn aoaad cqmtfnlaMa. 

XfwtaqfVifM., IfiOS, pi 98. 

Ol A* 'aipoiHMalaUi^ id* 

ESPTE, s. Scoot w spj. 

Watan liilwHiH mynoor and anwi^ 

oicK). Tr. 

«• A spy. 


"Iho Qoain bad amoMna as hir aamiiod Etpydtit, 
qabo did not ooalia aignSo onto hir qiihat waa our 

bo^ abo qahal waa onr oomiaailt porpoia, and 
■.* KaoK» p. 188. 

#• Aoe. y. Sns. 

ESSCOCK, 9. The same with ArtecekU, 

ESSIS, «• pL Ornaments in jewellery, in the 
f onn of die letter S. 

''A ohaya with knoppia of mbyia doablit oonteninff 
iKtno knoppia of ponlt orory ana contoning tua porlC 
ithMifofgoldanailUtiaid.'' lavontoriaa, A. 1579. 

with oirii of gold 


Wt. mm, ««tho lotttr 8; alaob tho fonno ol an S. in 
any worirmaMhip :" Golgr. 

ESSONYIE, EssonmE, «. An excuse 
offered f (ur non-appearance in a court of law. 

**TbOTa ia ana othar kiado of oxooao or tmoHwie, 
^■kilk ia naeaaMio ; that is» qnhon ana ia t»mmjf%ed. 

baoaoaa ha ia bmrond tha watar of Forth or of Spmr." 
Rw. ICaJ. B., i. 0. 8. i 12. 
A. m nimtf esoia» id. V. AsM>nrm. 

Ebsontibb, «• One who offers an excuse in 
a court id law for the absence of another. 

" ^Ho sail ba anmmonod to oompetr, and to 

answara vpon fiftoao dayoa waiming, ana to docUra 

tah]r ho oompoired noeh^ to waraat nia emomjfier lont 
a mm, to bo hannolea and ikoathlo8| aa ha loold doo 
ofthokw." Bag. Maj., a i., 0. 8^ i 8. 

ES8YS, pL 

Wyth wioala and awld cottwinyi, 
Bnchtii, M$aMgf and frtd' 
la ByU titlyd, and than 

^Tb thi kyifc that trma ha gave 

Bnchtii, Xuifgf and frtdwrnra, 


Wyniatm, ?tt. S. lOa 

Amii, A$imaU$; Var. Road. Thia ia what in onr 
old iAwa ia oaUad jarnmenii, advantagea or omolumonta. 
Fr. oIm. 

est, 9. A corruption of nestf Soxb. Hence, 
a 6M-€sf, a bird's nest. 

By bka, or tama, leho doachtna reite, 
Bor bfon on tha klofta him dowya eaU, 

WmL Hif. TOm, a 71. 

ESTALMENT, «. Instalment, payment in 
certain proportions at fixed times. 

**Thay wookl thoirfor think of iomo wthor way how 
■atiafactionno— -may bo made, Ac Or allii by edal- 
mail at foor aqoall paymenti." Acta Cha. 1., Ed. 
1814, VL 38. 

Fr. eataloa, tha |ii8t qnantity fixad by authority ; 
artoiSimemeai; tho aiaiaing of moaanraa ; Cotgr. 

*£STAT£, Estait, s. One of the con- 
stituent branches of pariiament. The three 
eiiaiUy the lords, including the prelates, the 
barons, and the buigesses. 

''To tho thneifcitiiof tho raalma thar gadderyt war 
praponyt aindiy artiolia for tho qnioto and gnd gouer- 
nanoo of tho nahna.** Acta Ja. L, 14^ Ed. 1814, 
p. 7. 

Thia ia a Fr. idiom ; Lm mfoto, and Im gmt dm troU 
miai$^ "tha wliolo body of a raalme, or proTinoo ; oon- 
aiati^ of thno aaTandl o r dan ; tho Giorgio^ Nobility, 

mnA rVimmmtoJfcy ; " Qotgr. 

ESTER, «. An oyster. 

My potent paidonnit ye may ee, 
Cum fra the Gui of THtaiie, 
Wdtt leiUt with eiter icheUk. 

ZffNdkijf, Sk P. Rtpr., U. 89. 

Bolg. eeiter, id. Tho modem pronunciation ia oiler, S. 

To ESTBfY, V. a. To form a judgment of, 
to estimate. 

— '* And than the aaid perwnia aall edUnp A oon- 
aider the price A ayale of tno aaid iiij daker A a half 
of hidis." Act Dom. Cona, A. 1490, p. 139. 

Ft. mtimer, to prise, to yalue ; etUmi^ priaed, Talnod. 

ESTLAS, EsTLER, adj. Polished, hewn. 
** Sa mony esUar stanis ;'' Aberd. Reg. V. 

Bmw towni diaQ rim. with iteeplee moay a ana. 
And hoQiee bigsit a' with eitfer itane. 

Jtomaay't Fomm, i. SOi V. AuLAia. 




E8TLINS, adv. Bather» Ayn., Benf n 

Bad I tbt jww«r to dMBge at will» 

rd MOtiif bt a nlUB lOlL^, 
We fbUow Natnn'i Uw. wbUa man 

Thk aMBi to bo a voiy aoeioBt Qothio word; aa 
amomtly dadndblo from A.-S. oeaC, eil, aatiinaiiOb 
•Nwtimttfeioii. Taltt^ Mfceem," Somner ; benepUmtttm, 
amor, gratia. bonerdleatMS Lyo; aeaUu, delictae. 
o^k^raiffM. ooartoooaly, iindly; '^estfuU, de- 
TOtod/^Somiwr; S11.-O. laL ati, amor, atiwin, cama. 
j^tef to tho terminatioii of adTerba which ia ao oommcni 
in oor Toraacular language, aa denoting qnabty. V. 

Lnron. IiINQs* , ... • 

Thus €BtUn» la egmvaleBt to wilhn|i^y, with good 
will, benignanily, fevmrfy; and haa an on^pn owa- 
nktilyanalogona to another S. word, aa also aigntf^g 
n^or. which aaanmea a variety of forma. Thia la 
Xever. Leuer, Leuir, Loor, Lourd, Ac, correapondmg 
witii k M lie/; of which it ia merely the comparative. 
While « I87iia[nifiea "aa willingly.*; to^ "••too?8er ? 
tho literal meaning beings "mora willingly," or "with 

ETERIE, Etbis, adj. 1. Keen, bitter; 
Kiplied to weather, Boxb. " An efrfe sky ,** 


Kay Bli>ping fkoata that hoary fa*. 
Nor angry geati wT eUrie bUw, 
Ver hurt tStm. either root or shew. 
On PMatoct. A. aeott* Foem», 1811. p. 108. 

iMtead of nor, tiie writer, to expreaa hia meaning 
piopeily» ahoold have need or. and M*er for e*€r. 

2« ni-homonied, ill-tempered, Boxb. 
8. Hot-headed, fiery, having an angry look, 
Dtunf r., Boxb. 

ThJa term, though here need metaph. aeema to be 
BMidy Tent, dimf^ Belg. eUerig, aaniosua, from 
illerTveoom. When tiie oold ia very keen, it ti aome- 
timea aaid to bo vonomooa. 

mUls adj. Easy. V. Eith. 

To ETHER, Eddbr, v. a. To twist ropes 
lonnd a stack, or fence it with ropes, 

A.-S. heaiker4aHt aroere. oohibere. 

ETHERCAP, t. A rariety of EUer^ap, 

^— Tb dafter-like to thole 
An etter^V like him to blaw the cod. 

OtiOU Skqpherd, 

ETHERINS, 9. pi. The cross ropes of the 
roof of a thatched house, or of a stack of 
corn, S.B. synon. BratbvM. 

A.-S. edfr. mIot, tthtr, a fence, an incloenre, a covert ; 
«fortu^ eovertnraa; Somner. Heatker-ian, arcere, 
oohibere; Lye. 

**SUker€m, the atraw rope which catchea. or loupe 
immd the vertical ropea. in the thatch of a hooae or 
oom-ataek, forming the meohea of the netting. GL 
Sorv. Nairn. 
• It ia alao need in amg., Aberd. 

ETHERINS, adv. 1. Either, S. O. 
2, Bather, Berwicks. 

ETHIK, Etiok, adj. 1. Hectic 

"Qnhil aio tiiyngia war done in Scotland, Ambroae 
kyng of Britonia foU in ana dwynand aeiknea namyt 
the JttiUI; fenir.** Bellond. Cron., B. iz. 0. 1. Heeiieum 
febrem; Booth. 

2. Feeble, delicate. In this sense etiet is still 
used, S.B. 

IV.6<<2iie, hootio.oooaQmptive; alao^ lean, emaoiated. 

ETIN, 9. A giant Y. Etttyn. 
ETION, 9. Kindred, lineage, S. B. 

Bnt thna hi eonntbig of my eUtm 

I need na mak lio din. 
For it's well kent Achilles was 


Foem$ in Ms BitAan Dialed, p. 4. 

Thia ia probably allied to laL Sn.-0. aett, eft. family: 
whence €tar, reUtiona. aettling, a kinaman, oetUiua, a 
pro{|enyorraoe.&o. It appeara that in 0. Goth. aett-<K, 
aignified to beget. 

ihro haa obeervod. that ahnoat in alllangnagea a word 
ol thia form denotea a parent ; aa Or. am, Moea-6. 
atta, Lat. aUa, C. B. aUa, Belg. Aayfa^ Tent. aeUa,Kid 
IsL edila, a grandmother. 

[ETLYN0, 9. Endeavour. V. Ettle.] 

ETNAGH BEBBIES, Juniper berries ; also 
called eaHn berries^ Ang. 

With the canld stream she qaench'd her lowan drouth. 
Svife of the BtfMtaK4xrHe» ate a fonth ; 
l!hat black and ripe upon the busses new. 
And were new watered with the erenlnj; dew. 

Hoirs Htiman, pi S2. 

Lr. aUeemn, GaoL otttn, signify force. 
It la written eafeM herrieM, according to the common 
piaMuida^n, Helonore, Firat Ed., p. S3. 

Etnaoh, Etnach, adi. Of or belonging to 
juniper, made of the wood of the juniper- 
bush, S. B* 

Brave Jessy, wT aa <6mmA cod. 
Than ne her dsddis sio a thud, 
Aa gard the hero squsel like wud. 

Taiflor^B S, Poemi, p. S6u 

ETT, Eet, t. Habit, custom, Ang. ; more 

Snerallj used in a bad sense, as ill etUf bad 
bits; i7/ eeC«, id., Fife. 

Thia phraae. I havo often heard, but heaitated to 
inaert it, aappoaing that it might properly be ill lault. 
The tenn. nowever. ia given me by a friend, well 
acquainted with the Angua dialect, aa totally distinct 
froin the other. It aeema originally the same with laL 
haU, kaOte, manner, nature of a thing; dispositio. 
mor«a. modua ; Verel. Ihre views Su.-0. Mei, the 
termination of maiiy worda, corresponding to Germ, 
and Belg. heU, A.-S. had, E. Aoocf, as onginally the 
same ; aa they are all uaed to express quali^. 

To ETTER, V. n. To emit purulent matter, 
S. ; also, used metaphorically. 

•« He— thought that it would be a i>ublic aervice. — 
if A atop couUL be put— to the opening of such an 
eUtrimg sore and king's evil as a newspper, in oar 
lieretofore truly and royal borough." The Ptovoat, p. 
2S6. V. Atrii, Attbis. 

ETTERCAP, 9. 1. A spider, S. V. 
I Attibcop. 



■ US 

!• An iIl-himKnired penon^ Su 

jki M M gtafM't and M itlrr* M ikatL 

•*Tm mOr Und tlia la«ie fling hflrMl* awa' npo' 
Ihai l fcm y y Cbmpbd], i. 834. 

**Jrttftiflj\ oilelerHXMi^ €UI<r-eqp€^ — * Tinilanti ttfcra- 
UHootpmoa;" OL intiq. 

ETTEBUN, «/ A oow which has a calf » 
when only two yean old, Renfr., Perths. 
The tenn Ourbaek is elsewhere applied to 
'a cow which has not a calf when three 

, jearsokL 

This Utm migM mmb to ba oompomided of Teat. 
Mi» aaoa^ or et t m, paaoara paom, aiid {aerUngh^ anni- 
«Ui» VBhis anni ; q. a beaat that has been already 
Si atiii o d for one yiaar, or fed as n yearling. It may, 
MwafiTy be an Mbreriation of A.-S. aiiert, eneire, 
imriflnhiib of n year old, with the addition of /in, the 
■uk of diminntion. 

To irrriL, Ettle, Attei^v. o. 1. To aim, 
to take aim at any object; as, to ettU a 
Mroie, to 4iUe a itane, to take an aim with 
tt» Su It is, however, more frequently used 
as ft nenter v. 

IW T. 0U is sometinMis need as an-anxiliaiy v., as, 
iN» itffin ifo da aodi a thing; aynon. with the t. if tii<. 
^ * ' Jonan abewa that the IsL «. is need in the 

Mig aeUa ad ahra tked^ tm faciam yel 
hoe ; Onmm. mL, ^. 67» 6o Ed. Our 
idiom ii aomawhat di£rerent» as it expresses, not so 
Hm vssoltttion, as the aim or endeaTOor. 

He «tfaW with a deak haf tUyn him in ilifffat ; 
The sweni sw ay ped on his iwaDga, and en the mayle tlik. 

aSt Omwtm and Sir OaL, \L 9^ 

Hilt sAsip Ifnssthims war and awyiee, 
Tata the hsid hss haUt Tp on hie 
Bidth anow and ene^ iCfaiui at the merlL 

. Dmig. Virga, 144. 48. 

He Mil the b«me in at the bieist 

Or. Kirk, st 11. 

2» To. make an attempt, S. 

If I bnt 4Mb at a sang, or speak. 

Hoy dit their Isgi, ayns ip their legiins eleek. 

f$ Foam§t ii S& 

S. To propose, to des^ ; denoting the act of 
the mind, S. A. fior. id. to intend ; also 

This geddss iMBil, gif werdes war not oontrars, 
Thli leehne to be sopirior and maistras 
TaaU **'»^f^ ■ 

Amy. Fmv^ U- SI 
Qahat pari w i si ls or «tf if then now Ut so f 

lUd., 441. 2(k 

Hiefcaa shews the nse of this wocd in Toikshire by 
tlM following examplee ; / never eiUd thai, nonqnam 
hoe intoadi ; / never eUed jfonX nnnqnam hoo tibi 
dbalinnTL Onm. A.-S. ot Moee-O., p. IlS; 4to. 

**JMc^ to intend ; Nofth." Groae. 

4* To direct one's conrse. 

Sf dfaMfs oasii^ sere parrdlii and infTeranoe 
ato ItaSIl we eUiilt qnhart dettanye 
Hm adbap for ts aae rest, and quiet harbrye. 

Demg. FtiyiZ, 19. 28. 

HoOaad, having aaid that the Tortlo wrote letters, 
addathatha . 

>planelye thane yald 

To the swaOow so swift, harrald in node 
To ettiK to the Emprowe, of ancestry aid. 

Haalaie, L S8. 

TUB, at fint Tiew, might seem to denote informa- 
tion, or the act of commnnicatinff intelligence. But 
perhaps it merely siffnifiee, that tne messenger was to 
direct his ooorse to ran Emperour. 

5. To aspire, to be ambitions, Ayrs. 

"Geordie will be to ns what Jamea Watt ia to the 
eliUng town of Greenock, so we can do no less than 
drink prosperity to his endeayoarB.** The Pto?oat, p. 

6. To expect; as, ^Tm eUUfC he'll be here 
the mom," I expect that he will be here 
to-morrow, Upp. Clydes. 

7. To reckon or compute, Boxb. 

IsL aetla tUf destinare ; VeroL Hire observes, that 
thia word indicatea the Tarioos actings of the mind, 
witii respect to any thing determined, as judging; ad- 
▼iain^^ hoping, Ac. and views it as allied to Gr. c9cX-w. 
It would appear that the primaxy sense of the IsL v. is 
onto, opinor. It also signifiee, dejpatpb destinor ; G. 
Ikndr. Mihi est in propositis ; Knstnissg. GL 

Ettle, Etlikg, Etltitg, «• 1. A mark, S. 

But fidnneao to be heme, that bant my breast. 
Made me [to] tak the cCtff when it keett 

Roe^e EeUnore, p. IIS. 

2. Aim, attempt, S. 

For Nannie, far befors the rsft, 
Hard upon noble BlagKie prett, 
And flew at Tarn wi'mrioos eUle. 


8. Aim, design ; respecting the mind. 

Bat oft fUlyeis the fUis thocht ; 
And wyu mennyi etling 
Commyi noeht sy to that ending 
That thai think it mU cam ta 

Bartamr, I .M, US. V. thevL 

It ia atin need in thia aenee^ Ayra. 

*'Bat there waa an eUliitg beyond discretion perfaape 
in thia. — IXo to dwell at o*er great a length on the 
etiUng of the Greenockiana, 111 just mention a thing 
that waa told to me by a very creditable person." The 
8team-Boat» p. 125b 127. 

4. Expectation, Upp. Lanarks. 
WNfew^enf, intention, A. Bot. 

[Ettlehent, «• Intention, A. Bor.] 

Ettleb, «• One who aims at any particular 
object or has some end in view, S. O. 

"Garswell, ahe teUa me, ia a man of the dourest 
idolatry, his mother bavins been a papistical woman, 
and his father, throng aU the time of the fint king 
Charlee» an eydent eUur for preferment.'* B. Gilhaixe, 

EnERILE,a^\ Eveiy. 

— Ofanfoolisoftheair 
Oteneriik Undo entorit ane pair. 

Lgndeaf^e fTarftii^ p. 89. 

A.-S. oe^rf eak, aemper nnnaqniaqne, which Johns, 
views aa the origin of £. everg, Bnt it ia rather from 
a^ eoe. V. f tbuch. 

■ UI 


■ TI 

BunuLXAinB, adj. Everjr one; mter 
B« Brnmie* 

—Bt Boith «bt Month m BMMk 


BUILL-DEDY, adj. Wicked, doing eoi^ 

** TUi ooBte&tkmii nil bo enfll dHly men that mycht 
waOu B» peaoe." BeUend. Oeob., FoL 63^ b. See- 
ktom oonaoii I Boath. 

8a fohat it ia to l»Myll rfntfy. 

£fiMtay, a P. IL, a 188. 

A.-8. x^iMoadOy i/eMiaade^ pn^m uan% malefao- 
lor I fanned like Lat. ma2^/Ceii«. 17el-<£i««i, indeed, la 
vaad in the aanaa of pmTi^ actio ; and M^doen, male- 
Taal tvet-aaedf aoaloa, w^dJadigh^ facinor- 

EUILL-WILLIE, a</;'. Evil-disposed, male- 
▼olent, S. la^mlUe. 

**It la Tiyttin [In malenolam animam non introibit 
. aapiantin] In ane euii vUUe mynd or Tickit man viadome 
aal not enter." Kiool Bnme^ F. US; b. 
v. pnoeding word, and Ill-willib. 

EUIN-EILD, <»/;. Eqnalinage* V. Eild. 
EUIRILKANE, eveiy one. V. under 


[EniBMAR,adv. Evermore; Barix)ur,i.l55.] 

EULCBUEE, 9. Appaientlv, ml vessel; 
Ulk being the term tor oil, S« B. and cruke 
the same with E. erocif a vessel made of 


Gil aao Bugea man or woman deoeia, — hia hetre 
aaU haao to hia hooae thia vtenaeU or inatcht,- 

bairaUy ane gallon, ane kettiU, ane brander, ane poenett, 

in, ane enieruUt, ane cnimii 
aao water pot:" Borrow Lewea, e. 125b 9 L 

aao bag to put mon^ in, ane enieruUt, ane chimney, 

Skiaaar a op poae a that thia aignifiea a veaael for hold* 
iag ale^ from A.-S. ode, aie, or water, ca or IV. ea«, 
and A.<A eroecOf Belg. bmifdbe, an earthen 

Sibb. oottjeotorao that it nwy aignify ''the larsest 
crool^ or that which waa uied at Chriatmaa or Yule." 

(TiKiMi la the oorreapondina term in the Let. Now 
anaia certainly denotea a boon or crook. But the rea- 
aoa of cal being prefixed ia quite nnoertain. 

EUOUB, Etetb, «• Ivory; euour baney id. 

Up atnde Eaee In dere Ucht aehynyng fidro, 

—Ala gmtiai for to beheld/ 1 wene. 

Am mtmut Aoim by eralt of hand wele dicht 

JWrfteiM^ Fklioe of Honour, i. 34. 
ft* pvatn^ Lat. efricr. 

EUPHEN, «• An abbreviation of Etq>hemia^ 
S. V. Famis. 

To EVAIO, Vf n. To wander, to roam. 

**Tho' Bonia— dnnt nocht aTentnre thameaelf to the 
ohanoa of oatall, bot anfferit their enemyia to evaig, 
and paa bat ony reaiatance, in depopnlacimm and heir- 
aohip of thair Undia.** BeUend. T. LIt., p. 200. 
VafaH^ Lnl Ft. tvag-^ur^ Id. 

EYANTAOE, Ayantaoe, «. A term bor- 
rowed from the laws of France^ expressive 

of certain rights belonging to children after 
the decease of their parents, or to a husband 
or wife after the death of one of the parties. 

**And mairattonr to deayra oertane dowery to be 
garin to onr aonerane Lady with the evaMage, — ^And 
to marye gife echo pleiaaiB do the nwyae of hir eataitia, 
and to bronke and joiaa hir dowery and avtuUage 

^nhair echo paaaea or remania.** Acta uary, 1558, Ed. 
814, p. 505. 

L. B. OMMlOff-linn, jna praecipunm. qnidqaid a par- 
entibna alioni e liberis, yel a oonjogibaa aibi invicem 
datur praerogatiTO Jure; GaU. avaniage. Die qui 
aapenriTet onmie praemieaa hebeat in qnantam de 
jure Tel conraetudine dare et Avatdagium faoere poe- 
aom. Teatam. Onidon. Gardinal, A. 1372; i^ Dn 
* Cange. 

EVASION, «. Way of escape, means of 

It oocora in thia aenao in oar metrical renion of 

And I am ae that up, that I 
Find no enuie» Cor me. 

The tenn, aa need in E., alwaya impliea the idea of 
artifioe. Even in regard to eecnpe, it denotea "artful 
meana of eluding or eemping," Johna., Todd. 

EYE-EEL, «. The conger eel, Muraena 
conger, Linn. 

*' Muraena conger ; oonger eel ; aeemed to be much 
better known than at preeent: the name aeema 
*M»iH^«' even to the common people ; th^ call it Eve* 
eeL" Agr. Snrr. Fodara. 

Moat probably by a alight chanfle^ in the aspirate 
being left out, from Dan. miv^aal^ i£, ie., the a ea e e l ; 
Sa.-G. he/a-aalf id. 

EVELir, adj. 1. Nimble, active. V. 

2. EveUit is rendered, handsome, Ajrrs. 


3. Abo eroL ^ sprightly, cheerf nl, vivacious, 
ibid. Y. Olioht. 

To EVEN, t^. a. 1. To equal, to compare, S. 

with the prep, io subjoined. 

''To even one thing Io another ; to equal or com- 
pare one thing to another." Sir J. Sinclalr'a Obaenr., 
p. 29. 

Shame &' yoa and your landi baith f 
Wad ye f'en your laada to jonr bora hOlj f 

mUutnUg Botder, L 90SL 

2. To bring one down to a certain leveL 

"God thouffht never thia world a portion worthy of 
yon : he would not evem yoa ton gift of dirt and day.'* 
Rutherford'a Lett, Ep. 6. 

/ wmd na even mgte^fio de a iking, I would not de- 
mean myaclf to far, aa to make the auppoaition that 
I would do it. 

8. To talk of one person as a match for another 
in marriage, S. 

" To even, ia aometimea made uae of in Scotland, for 
to lay out one pereon for euMther in marriage," Sir J. 
Sinclair, p. 20. 

'* 'It would be a marriage that nobody oould aay 
any thing wunat.* 'Wnatl' roara Macdonald — 
'would ony Chriatian body even yon bit object to a 
bonny aonay weel-faured young woman like Miae 
Catliner** Beg. Dalton, iii. 119. 




TteTidgwphiMli^ nw art Mm'd l&cpftWi 
bt j^n^ fttqoar% qiudimra faotnb M06i-O« Aim 
fl% ^aiifl% Ttal ^fcn-eiii id. 

SVENDOUK, «{/* 1* Straight, perpendi- 

>• Ifc k used to denote a rery heary fall of 
laiD.* This is called an ivindown pour, S. 
a«what falls without any thing to break its 

''Bitot m wm well oat ol the Fwk, an evem-dmm 
fcmdw^plump ouM on, that not only drookit the 
Doctor to the akin, hot made my aky-blue ailk clothes 
' ottif Ukovaxtomyakm." The Steam-Boat^ p. 258. 

fflor BOW It tniot an eldant blasU 

TAi Ar^iliU^, at 89L 

3. Honest; equiralent to £• dawnrightf S. 

-TUm I ken likewiae, that what I aay ia the even- 
^smtnith." The Entail* iL 119. 

4. Direct, plain, express, without reserve or 
qualification, S. 

**Thire la not n Scotch landlady,— who in aneh n 
oaaa^ would not haTC ahaken her head like a aceptic, 
if aMTdidna diarge me with telling an tten doun tee." 
IBo]. . The Steam-Boat, p. 172. 

The tthar fkieep'd It waa a SctioB, 
An §if%d«fim perfsot contradiction. 


••^And wha,' cried the wife, 'could tell anoh an 
MS dbm lia r " Petticoat Talea, L 209. 
TUB ta eqmTalaat to the B. phiaae^ •* a diracf lie." 

5. Mere, sheer, excluding the idea of any 
thing bat that mentioned, S. 

Bnt fcntlMMn, an' ladlet want, 
Wl* mndtnm want o' wark an cnnt, 
Ihqr loiter, lownging, lank, an' laiy. 

' Th§ Twa Do^ JhmM, lU. la 

•• ^WhaS kind o'haTcn are thacTibbyr said Mra. 
BUBio. * Ye are apeaking wn domn nonaenae." Pet- 
tiooot 1Ua% i 291. 

6. I find it used, in one instance, in a sense, 
eonoemin^ which I hesitate if it has the 
sanction cl custom, — as signifyingconfirmed 
or habitnaL 

•«I may haeaaid that Andrew liked adrmdrink, 
h«lttHi**e Bojnat an even doim drinker." Petticoat 
Tale^ LSSS. 

!IN*HANDS, adv. On an equal - foot- 
itkgf S* A. 

*«rshee«e» kamd§ wi'them an'mair, an' then FIl 
St the biaheat o' them." Perila of Man, L 325. 

KVENNER, «• An instrument used by 
weaTers for spreading out the yam on the 
beam. Loth. V. Rafvel. 

EVENTUSE, s. Fortune, L. B. eveniufHi, 

"Bat the carlo period in hie happie. tvmiv r e^ and 
—f ej id the king'a majeetie in the north ;" Pitacottie'a 
Onm., p. 128. 
jBlyaoa* with Jvenlnre, E. adveninn; from Lat. 
q. ** what cornea to one." 

EVER, Iteb, adj. Upper; denoting the 
higher-situated, where two places have the 
same name ; as, Tver NUbit^ lur CraUmgf 

TUo la orifljinally the aame witt CTter, and Omar. 
q. T. ; with thia difference only, that the pronunciation 
more nearly raeemblea that of the A.-S. word, which 
ia kna common ;. ITcr, mya Ljre, pro tUert anperior. 
T/er kiu, anperior domna. Thia ia analogona to laL 
«nr, and tfri, anpenia, anperior. Ever ia prononnoed 
Bko Qenn. a6er, laL x/Cr, hL, Sn.-0. o^ior. 

To EVER, V. a. To nauseate, Clydes. 
EVER BANE, ivoiy. 

*'A belt ol co un terf n te ameranldia and knottii of 
ewr home betnix, with a Cm of threidia of ailver." In- 
▼entofficB, A. 1678^ p. 260. V. Euovm. 

EVERICH, adj. Every; evmeioiM, every 

The falid. the hMte^ the SMh eke fai the Me, 
They lyre In fredooie mmriek in Ui Imid. 

Kimgr$ Qmdr, a S. 

And, eMr thia, the birdiii, ««trie«MM 
l^ike TD ane other laog foil loud and dera. 

ML. a 4& 

A.-S. arfre eae. id. JkerycA, B. Olono. 

EVERLIE, adv. Constantly, perpetually, 
without intermission, Aug., Fife., Roxb. 

EVEROCKS, 9. The cloudbeny, knout- 
berry, or rubus chamaemorus. 

"^re also are everoeit, reeembling a etrawbenj ; 
hot it ia red, hard, and aonr. " Papera Antiq. Soc., p. 71 . 

Thia ii the aame with Averin, q. t. It more neariy 
appraaeheato the QaeL name eigmag, lightf., 266L 

EVERSIVE, adj. Causing, or tending to, 
the overthrow of. 

"Mr. Benwick and thoee with him lamented their 
breaich of oorenant— ^aa complying with, and oonnirinff 
at many othen everti ec of the ooTCnanted ref onnation,^ 
fte. Ciookahank'a Hiat., ii 224. 

EVERYESTREEN, $. Used for Hen^ 
yettreen^ the evening before last, Galloway. 

EVIDENT, s. A title-deed, S. 

Oif it likti the King, he may ger anmmonde all and 
aindry hie tenandia — ^to achawe thar charteria and 

tuideidU; and awa be thar haldingie he may per- 

aane qnhat pertenya to thame." Acta Jil L, A. 1424, 

Ed. 1814, p. 4. 

** He craved hia evidenU from hia mother, aa he that 

t in fee of the landa of Gight of hia goodaire. 

Gfi m tee ot tne landa ot uigo 
I father waa never infeft ueraintil, who waa 
now out of the kingdom." Spalding; ii. 39. 

*' Christ li my life and rent. 
His promise is my evidtnL** 

"The word evkleid allndeato the owner^a title to the 
house, the same signifying, in Scotland, a title-deed.*' 
Lettem from a Gentleman in the North of S., i 7fi. 

EVIL, EviLL, adj. In bad preservation, 
nearly worn out. 

" Item, ane etUl litle hnrdcbuth of grene." Inven- 
tories, A., 1561, p. 141. •* Wome away," Mais. 

** Item, foure btle bnrdclaithia of grene daitb, part 
gnde part evUV* Ibid., p. 1«55. 

A.«8. fftl ia need as aignifying vilia, inntilia. 




SyiL-HEIDIT, adj. Prone to strike with 
the hmd; a term applied to an ox accus- 
•toned to butt* 

*«ADdgif «U awiosr of the betit that doia the harm 

be waa evtf keHH or onmbenom, and did 
not hald him In kwping; he lall giTe the quick beiat 
lor the daid." BaUoor? Praet, p! 490. 

EVIL IfANt a designation ^ven to the devil. 

*' WhIIaat some fell aaleep, and were caroleaae, and 
othera were oofetooa and • ambitioiii^ the evil man 
hmudit In pralaoy, and the ceremoniea," Ac. Warn- 
ings A. 1648^ Aeta Aaa., p. 403. V. Ill Man. 

EVILL-WILLER, «. One who has ill will 
at another, or seeks his hurt. 

*« We Mil In that behalfa eateime, hald and repute 
the hinderaria» adveraeria, or distnrbaria thairof, aa 
onr comoone enimyia and eviU m'tferjt." Bond to 
BothweO, Keith'a Hiat.. p. 881. 

A.-8. ffkl^wUl-am, male Telle, male intendere ; part. 
pr. j/ fd wUlmde^ nuderoltta. 

SVlN, a^'« Equal, indifferent, impartial; 
synon. £fnnfy. 

**Thai the aoomea of money, qnhUkia ar in depoee 
in eeia handle for the lowaing of ane parte of the aaidia 
hmdiiL And alaa the money that aalbe gevin to the 
aaid Qafariell— ealbe layit in ane erin/y mania hand to 
b4 kepit ay and qnhiU it be warit aa aaid ia.** Act. 
Dob. Gone., A. 1494, p. 961. 

8n.«0. jamn, aeqnna. Mk jaemn mum est Tir pro- 
ba% qnl nihil Inlqne molitor ; Ihre in to. IiL Jcifk d 
hdiar eoyir, aeqnna In ntramqne partem. 

E VINLY, EuiNLT, a<f;. 1. Equal, not differ- 

Aa prince AnrhliMw eon Sbaaa than 
T^mmnmlif buidooas walii, aa oommoan man. 

Dmg, Virgu, 141. 48. Aequut^ Witg. 

Hivs we ^eak of warhtkai Ucanied on tviidy ; and 
of an e ifafy covrM^ both aa reapeoting jprograea in a 
Jovney, aiid the tenor of one'a oondoct, S. 

2. Lidifferent, impartial, not engaged to either 

" Jocaamekle aa prodamatioan hea bene maid aen 
the setting np cl my firat letter, deeyring me to aub- 
■erine and avow the eame, For amwer, I deayre the 
■Mmey to be oonaisnit into ane eumtv man*a hand, and 
I sail oompeir on Sonday nizt with four lom with me, 
and anbaoine my firn letter, and abyde thairat.*' 
Detect Qn. Marie^ H. 7. a. 

lUa la the aame with ewipUyk need by Wyntown. 

Mwffffdffk he wea ia rychtwytoea. 
Til aU men myirowre of maknce. 

Grtw., fiL 7. IML 

"And thai thar bis prelatt% erila, lordia A baionia, 
a Ttheria peraoniii of wiadom^ prudence, A of gnde 
dkpoaioionne, A Tnanapect to hia nicnea, A eviniy to all 
hk ilegia, dayly abont hia nobill penranne, to the gude 
aiding cf hia realme A liegia.** Acta Ja. IV., 14S8, Ed. 

IskV 810. 
It ia written 6i0Nify, Abeid. Reg., A. 1538. 
Al.-S. ffmMe^ aeqnaliii, aeqnna. Id. jqfn, Moea-O. 

EviMLT, adv. Equally. 

—''Thai tharCor the aaid Donald A Johne of Spena 
aafl one baith thair expenaia evia/y ger aammond A 
eatt the party that diatmblia thaim in the aaid land.** 
Aet Audit., A. 1471, p. 18. 

EVIRLY,a«iv. Oonstantlj.continualljr^aB. 
ToEyiTE,v.a. To avoid, Lat. fvie-^n^ 

— WeVs ohleidg'd In ccmdence, 

BvOl'a appearance to mf^ 

Lect we canae weak com lote their fitet 

CMand** Amm, p^ 70L 

[EVOUR, EvETR, EviR, 9. Ivorjr. V. 


EVRIEIy adu Having a habitually craving 
appetite, I>umfr. Y. Yevert. 

[E VYNSANG - TIME, t. Vespertide. 
Barbour, xvii. 450, Skeat's Ed.] 

E W, «. Yew. «« Thrie scoir hand bowis of 
€w coft be him ;** Aberd. Beg., Cent. 16. 

EWDEN-DRIFT, «. Snow raised, and 
driven by the wind, Aberd. 

When to my Meg I bend my tonr. 
Thro' ewden dtyu, cat anawy ihoirr. 
It neither make me sad nor loar, 
Fcr Foggy wazmi the verr maw. 

Aarr|/V ^pCRf, p. 886l 

EWDER, EwDRUGH, «. 1. A disagreeable 
smell, S. B. A misehant ewder^ Clydes. 

Thia aeema from Germ, oder, Fr. odeur. Let. edbr. 
The compound deaignation haa IV. meehcuUf metekatU, 
nngradona, ▼lie, prefixed. 

*' He waa aae orowden'd apon't [hia pipe], that he 
waa like to amore oa a* in the coach wi' tne very ewder 
qX" Journal from London, p. 2. 

S. The steam of a boiling pot, &c. Aberd. 

3. Ewdroehy Ajrs., b used to denote dust, or 
the lightest atoms ; as, ^* There's a ewdroeh 
here uke the mottie sin [sun].** 

4. ^ A blaze, scorching heat,'' S. B., OL 

Ye ken right well, when Hector try'd 

Thir harks to mm an' tcowder, 
He took to ipeed of fit, becanae 

He ooa'd na bide the ewder. 

Potm» ffi the Bueham Diated, p. 2. 

From the aenae given, thia would aeem to have n 
diflinent origin from the preceding. But I anapoct 
that it ia merely uaed obliquely. 

EWE-GO WAN, The common daisy, S. B. 
V. Gk)WAK. 

EWEL, inUtj. Indeed, really, Ettr. For. 

A.-S. wd ia uaed in the eame aenae ; Vere, reTera, 
aaneb eqnidem ; Lye. 8u.-0. tooeJ haa alao thia aig- 
nification ; Quidem, eqnidem ; Ihre. 

EWENDRIE, 8. The refuse of oats after the 
grain has been fanned, weak grain, M. Loth. 
This is called grey com, E. Coth. 

I know not whether there can be any affinity to 
Tent, eeeae, arena, oata ; gebaerde evene, aegylope, fee- 
tnoa» ^. bearded oata. lal. dr^ aignifiee eparaio, 
diaperaio; q. evatedr^^ the light grain that ia eaaily 
driven away by the wmd in fanning. 

EWER, adv. Ever. 

''That Oeorge Kobiionna moTable ^dia, that ia 
deoeaait, in quhaia handia that eioer thai be,— be com- 



piOII ft dirtramil for «U MMfliA of tJ akon of poadk 
8oolti%**t. lot Dmb. Ooim., a. 1491, p. 206. 

EWEST, aJff* Near, oontigiioiis. 

**.— Tht Miniti^ ovtlier patMning to the Pknono 
or VioM; nwiit a«ei< to the Kirk, and maiat oommo- 
iHoM lor dwoUiag^ pertainea and nil peiteina to tha 
Mhiiatiy or Baadar, aamngat tha ■amin Kirk." Aeta 
Ja. VL, IB7% o. 4a. 

Mmmi or Tnuti'm atill iiaad, on tha Soottiah Boidar, 
la tho aanaa of aaareat, or moat oonyaiiient ; azpL 
** a^iaoHi^ ateadiDg or lying oonTanienti" Danifr. 

It ia mitt e n nwat and eteotui, Abard. Raff. '* Cana- 
•iif of joor foUda that ar maiat ewoa§ waa to ba in red- 
danaa.— -I haf gawin command k charge to my freindia 
ftlolkiamaiateiaoiMyow.*'ftc. A. 1543, V. 18. 

Thia ,nn^t aaam to have aoma affinity with A.-S. 
m mt f i^pi^ying gennan ; aa aeteeii4roM«r, a brother 
awTiin. Fm^ the aama root might originaUvor 
o a ti f ati taly denote propinqni^ of eitoation, aa weu aa 
of blood I 8a.-0. fid la neaa precisely in the lama 
ainaa. Tftoir avm aMn €itffhu afaMa ; Who have con- 
tignona landa; Leg. Gothland, ap. Qua. 

EWHOW, wUrj. \. Ah, alas. South of S. 

•«JMaM^ain,toaaa hia fathar^a son, at tha like of 
thaaa Jearieai loOiea ! waa tha ejaculation of the older 
and BBora rigid poritana.** Tafea of my Landlord, ii. 

4a. y.Hwisflbw. 

8. Used also aa an exclamation expressire of 
ampriae, Bozb. 

Hi w—nbhnoe ol Lat elUv aeema to bo merely 

EWIN, Olio. Straigh V right, directly. 

And in the eM he tamH ewfai Ui fture. 

And maid ana crooe ; and than tha freyr oath lout ; 

And in the wait he tonit him ewin abont 

DimAar, Maitland Poem§, p. 77. 

EWINDBIFT» 9. Snow driven by the wind. 

**Tlm BMningwea fair when they pairted ; hot aa 
tiMj wanr entered into the Qlen of liotn, ther fell anch 
na CKtraam tampeat, tfmWri^ Bbarp enow, and wind, 
foil in ^eir laoa%— that they wer ul lyklie to perish 
bj tha v aham an c ia of tha atorme ; the lyke whereof haa 
not bana aein thar ainoe that tyme." Gordon'a Hist. 
' Btth ol Snthail., p. AM. V. EwDBNDBirT, Yowdbv- 

EWT£UTH,/>itp* Without. 

— '* Ha nocht being lanchf ally wemit for hia defenas, 
ft tha aaad brafa schamit ewteuth tha said schire, A 
within the aehirafdoaia of Edinburgh." Act. Andit, 
A. 1470^ p. 64. Y. OuTWiTH. 

[EWYN, «• Erening, eventide. Barbour, i. 

[EWTN, adv. Evenly, directly. Barbour, 

EWYNLY,arfr. Equally. 

I trow he aaM be bard to sla. 
And ha war bodyn etcynlw, 

~ " %TiilOS,Ma V. EuwLT. 

[EWYK, adv. Ever. Barbour, iii. 160, 
^Eeafs Ed.] 

To EXAME, ExEM, v. a. To examine, S. 

ThaiHbir bsftrir ye ma eondsmpne. 
My msiatmti nt yt tall examef 

jKoL CUrk amd Caurieour, p. 3^ 

nan thIa Jmrfa sags and anld of yalRs,— * 
Begoath for tyl axna, and till assay 
The woond irith mony arslty madioyna. 

Amy. FtryO, 428. M. 

Eridanlly eorr. from F^. cammln-er, id. 

EXAMINE,*. Examination, S. 

" Divers perMma ware azcommnnicat att thia tyme^ 
both for ignoranocb and being abaent from tiia dyattaof 
aamiiie.''^«monf a Diary, p. 105. 

IV. axmnen, id., Ootgr. 

To EXCAMBIE, v. a. To exchange, some- 
times jeomMe, S. 

ItaL eamb fairg, aeasi6-iarc^ L. B. excamb'iare^ exeamb* 
in^ id. 

ExGAiCBiOK, «• Exchange, barter, S. 

" Ha did many good thinn in hia time to hia church, 
— and acqoired tmrennto aivers lands, aa the town of 
Crawmond, with the landa adjoyninff, for which ha 
gave in esDcomdion the landa of Camoo in the same 
pariah, and tha landa of Muchler besidea DankahL*' 
Spotawood, p. lOe. 

L, B. eiDoambiMm; e$eambht Ldg, Angl. 

EXCRESCE, «• Increase, augmentation. 

"There happened in the coining aometimea an «z- 
creaes on tha tala^ of fi^e or aiz aniUinga or thereby, 
in one hnndxad poonda.** Forbes, SuppT. Deo., p. 66. 

" The aBCTBiea of tiia azciae of the uUand aaft and 
lotmign oommoditiea," Ac. Stewart'a Ind. to Scota 
Acta, p. 14. 

Ink eneraee-er^ to grow oat, to increase. 

EXECUTORIAL, «. Any legal authority 
employed for executing a decree or sentence 
of court. 

— *'Ordainea tha Loidia of sasaioa to grannt ther 
latteria A rther eseeciiloriaUisagainat tha ezcommnnicat 
prelate and all Tthera excommonicat personea." Act. 
OuL I., Ed. 1814, v. 902. 

" That tha ragiatration of tha bond which waa tha 
warrant of the appriaing; bore only, that eaeeetc^ iorto^ 
honiing and pmndmff ahonld pass thereon, and did not 
mention oompriainff." Foont. SoppL Deo., p. 91. 

0. Ft, €aDeitiorku, the aama with exeeuioire^ referring 
to a writ of execution. 

To EXEME, ExEEM, t^. a. To exempt ; 
Skene. Lat. exim-^e. 

"Therefora— the glorificatioatt of hia bodia 

esDfmet it not f ra the mlea or physicka.*' Bnice'a Sarm. 
on the Sacr., M. 3, il 

To EXERCE, V. a. To exercise. Acts Ja. 

'*To esseree the office*" Aa Aberd. Reg., A. 1S38. 
F^. exeiv-€r, Lat. esere-ere, id. V. ExsBCinouN. 

EXERCEISS, Exercise, «. 1. Tlie critical 
expfication of a passage of scripture, at a 
meeting of Presbytery, by one teaching 
Presbyter, succeeded by a specification of 
the doctrines containea in it by another ; 
both exhibitions to be judned of, and cen- 
sured if. necessary, by the rest of the 
brethren. The second speaker is said to 

"'It ia moat azpedient that in every towne, where 
achoolaa and repair of learned men are^ theia ba a 



■ ZP 

Mbm fai OM oiftiUa day crwy wwk mointed to that 
«uralM wfakh 8. Fftol qaILi propheoymg ; the order 
wh&noih eipteMiid hy him in thtr woid% Let Me 
jpophU MMoA liM or <Aiw^ ami <el <Ae cikerjudgi^" fte. 
ItelBodioipieoiplme, o. 12. 

^'Tboft an aootoiuii and regentie nooht beinff pas- 
towia in the kirk, profeeung ather pluloeophie or 
theologies tad aetrletit in daylie teachioff and examina- 
tkwB of the ^onth, eal be — ezemit fra ul employnient 
TBOon eneeionii, preebytriee, ganerall or synodall aaaem- 
obmt and Ika elf teieung in kirkie and oongre^tionie, 
eaoept in exereeimU and oeneuring of dootnne in eseer- 
eftab." Aete Ja. VL, 1608» Ed. 1814, p. 189. 

2. This term was occasionallj transferred to 
the F^resbyteiy itself. 

*• The Minieten ol the eaaffvte of Dalkeith fand the 
beet meane for repaMng of the eaid kirk and— Benee- 
tHe^ to be the diepoeitioon of the eame Reueetrie to 
ram Mntleman of the laid parochin for ane banaU.** 
▲ete Ja. VL, 1612, Sd. 1814, p. 480. 

8. The name given to part of the trials to 
which an esqpectant is subjected, before 
being licensed or ordained, S. 

** In the trial of ezpectante before their entry to the 
miaietnr,— 4hey ehalf fint add and make the exerei$e 
pnUiekly,'' fte. Dnndae'e Abr. Acte Aae., p. 07. 
"The tryale of a etudent, in order to his being li* 
I'd to p tea ch the goepel, do ooniist in these parts. 
The Pkeebyterial SurdM and Addition: The 
rfM giTsa the odherence of the text and context, 
the logiqal diriaioii, and expUnation of the words, 
oleering hard and nnnsual phrases, if any be, with their 
tne and proper meaning, aooordinff to the original 
Iiagnags^ he The AddUkm giTee the doctrinal pro- 
poBtkma or tntths," fte. Pardovan*s Coll., p. 80. 

4. Family-worship or as expressed in H, 
family-prayers, S. 

'^ThaS honest penon was, according to his own 
aeooimt, at that tme engaged in the exerdm of the 
evening." St. Eonan, iii. 26. 

**I went down stairs sgain to the parlour to make 
sBBerriM." The Steam-Boat, o. 290. 

It is eometimee called /iiiiMy-esMreiM. 

EXERCmOUK, 9. h Bodily exercise ; 

Xiat* sxffeiiio* 

**Tbm hail Lcsrdis refers the exerdtkmn of the Kingis 
waist noble person to the dieerstion of the Lordis be- 
ing witii him for the tyme." Order of Pari., A. 1626, 
Keith's Hist, App., p. la 

2. liGlitary exercise, the act of drilling. 

*'11iet aereUitmm may be had throwont all the 
rselme amangis all onr souirane lordis liegis for ex- 
eveinff ol thai* personis in ordonre, sa that be lering 
of oraonre k bering of there wapms in tvme of paice 
thai may be mair expert to put thame seme in orooure 
haetaly, and keip the samm in tyme of neid. It is 
thooht that this artikle is warray necessar to be 
pnraidit.'* Aote Ja. V., 1640, Ed. 1S14, p. 363. 

EXHORTANS, «. Exhortation; part. Lat. 

''In the diarge of PrinctpaU he [Mr. Robert Bol- 
lock] was extrsordinarily painful;— end with most 
pithy exftoriajw eetting them on to vertue and pietie.'* 
Craafard^s Hist Uniy. Edin., p. 46. 

EXIES, 9. pi. The hysterics, South of S. 

"That sillT fliskmahoT, Jenny Rintheront, has ta'en 
the exk§, and done naetoing hot laagh and greet, the 


skiri at thetailof the gnffiC for twa daya s n ooses i vely." 
Antiquary, iii 116. 

Shall we Tiew this as an oUiqne nse of the Kor- 
thnmbrian term mboei^ which denotee the agne f V. 


EXINTRICATION, «. The act of dis- 
emboweling a dead body. 

** Am to eear-doths,— since th^ [chirargeonsi ex- 
preesly rs s en r ed the application, the apotheouries na%'e 
no pretence thereto ; for they could not pretend the 
ekiU or power of extn/riealjoii, or any incision upon the 
bodv." Foantainh. SuppL Dec, p. 2S2. 

liiis term has been borrowed from that part of the 
execution of a eentence on a trsitor, in wnich he ie 
said to be drawm. L. B. exaUeraUo, exeaUrieatia^ 
poenae species in laesee majestatis reos, apud Anglos, 
apud mios eorum tnUranea sen viMsera extrahuntnr 
et oomouruntur. &ami€rare^ Intestina eruere. Dn 
Cange. From the prep, tx, out, and taleranea, the 
bowels ; and this from tnias, q. "taking out what is 
wkhinJ* Afterwards, by medical prsctitionerB, it had 
been transferred to the preparatory stepe necessary 
before embalming. 

To EXONER, V. a. To exonerate, to free 

from any harden or charge; Lat. txoner^ 


— "Found, eeeing he had made use of it to consti- 
tute his charge, it MhoTed also to be taken complexly 
to esDOfier him." Fountainh. SuppL Dec, p. 06. 

[EXORCIZACIONES, «. pL Exorcisings. 
Barbour, iv. 750, Skeat's Ed. 

L. ezoretm^ to drire away evil spirits.] 

EXPECTANT,*. A candidate for the minis- 
tiy, who has not yet received a license to 
preach the gospeL 

*'No exptetani shall be permitted to preach in pnb- 
like before a congregation till first he be tr3red after 

the eame manner, ^which is enjoyned by the act 

of the Assembly of Qlasgow, 7 Aug., 1641. 

Under the term Probationer, this is improperly 
mentioned as synoo. 

EXPECTAVIS, 8. pL [Appar. in reversion 
or expectance.] 

"Tliat qnhat tym it be declarit— that ony persone 
or personis, be grscis, expectavie, acoeptis or purchee* 
sis ony benefices peitenying to our eonerane lordia 
preeentecioune, the s^ge vacand in the court of Bome^ 
— ^the chanoellar sail mak the penis oontenit in the 
saidis act of parliament to be execut apoune the brek- 
aris of theeaidis actis," Ac. Acts Ja. IV., 1488, Ed. 
1814, p. 210. 

Oraeie seems to denote donations, (as Fr. lettree de 
grace signifies), to which, if we view the terms distribu- 
tively, the y. acetptie corresponds; and ezpeetavit, an 
expectancy procurad by money, is connected with 
purchessis, Fr. benefices conferes en expedaiive, ** in 
roverrion, or expectance; or which must be waited 
for;** Cotgr. Perhape the term should have been 
written ezpedaiivie. It may, however, have been 
formed from the Lat preterite erpectavi, as referring 
to the phraseology of the papal deed. 

To EXPEDE, V. a. To dispatch, to expedite, 
S. Expedef part. pa. ; Fr. exped-^^ id. 

"And that the. said infeftment be erpede in dew 
forme, with extensioun of all clausis neioifull.'* Acte 
Ja. VI., 1600^ Ed. 1814, p. 219. 




■ XT 

'^TIm pa b liciHoo to bt «gwit by ikm nodcnAon of 
flknnbjtvy." ^iiUiiul ILSUL 

•'lUs wovk ii titlier mora tiokiit and mddailv 
flytA^ or H b mon lobar Md ltBt» pralraeted throned 
•franlir liBglh ol tima^ and ao aa tha atapa of it ara 
f«j diaoinibla.'' Gutfaria'a Trial, p. 8S. 

To EXFISO ATE, V. a. «<To fish oat of one 
hf wmj of a jdiicovexy,'' S. 

^ TUa doaa not aaam to ba an K word, although it 
baa fDODd ita way into aoma ol tha kter aditiona of 
Bmibj^ Dietionaiy. It baa baen originaUy aaad in 
, oar aookta of kw. 

"*It ia fiiy avidant, tbia inathod waa fallen npon 
to aq Btewte mattar ol criminal prooeaa agunat senUe- 
aan and otbac% to aaeura thair aridenoa, and keep it 
' likawiia^ till it waa paat tima lor tha pannab to 
" mat. iL 202. 


EXFLOSmOUNE, «. I>i8graGef nl expul- 

— •''yadar tiM pana ol iinr n lit nail fiy/ffttflffimf ft 
of him d thiagiud iowna.* '~ibaitL Bag., 


V^.ai;plBtf^ Lai. aagpl(Ni-er«k to drivaovt bj blaring; 
oralamqgof baoda; part, pa^iijiftja at; from ex and 

To EXPONE. 1. To expUdn. 

•**Tlia ooandl bad anbaeribad tha Kiqg'a covanant> 
M it waa ca^WMd at tha fliat in tha 1581 yaar.' 
Baillia*b LatL, L 91. 

S* To eqpoge to danger. 

"^IlMy lyiiMr without tnnob or oabioai, war esrpofiil 
to tba laroa oltha baiU ordinanoa of tha aaid caatalL" 
XB0K,p.4Si Lat. esjion-cfv. 

*«I tan thaa, bariotria ia a greata ainna indaade, 
tbatoOndaaCtod; bat tha crpoau^ of tbia chriatian 
oaHiQ^ to ba aaOl apokan ol, ia a ^raatar ainna." 
SoUook on 1 Tbaa., p. I8S. 

3. To represent, to characterize. 

^ Ha daahoad tha maiqpia of Argjla bia good opinion 
ka ooaoa i fa d of tha paopla of Abardaan, takmg tham 
tpjia woiaa f .ijiiwuf tban ti^y wara indaad.* Spalding; 

To EXPBEBCE, v. a. To express, Dong. 
EXFKE8, adv. Altogether, wholly. 

Tb BMk and of ov baraiaa and diftTM, 

Oar aanaftd lanboar panit ia tKgmms 
Lo tta acftptabil day for < 

1^ JMHP ea^pH^ azpreaaly ; ohially . 

To EXTENT, v. a. To assess, to by on, or 
apportion an assessment; S. to HenL 

**B» sail chaitalala man and diaoat— qnhilkia laU 

byda knawlaga bafor tha king gif thai haif dovma thair 

at tha and of tha tazacaona; and that alaa mony 

ra aa may anffidantly eniaU tha eontno^*' Ac 

a. L, A. 142&» Aeta, Ed. 1814, jp. 4. 

aaatimarob appr^aara. Dn Guiga 
aa of fiigiiab origin. 

To EzTKNT, v.n. To be taxed. 

"^Tba iMrehant prentaiab and aio kind of paopla aa 
wart wont to exfenf with tham,— to pay at hia an trea 
Ikiitia ahOliog.** A. 1683^ blaitL H&L, Kdin., p. 294. 

Extent, «• An ancient valuation of land or 
other property, for the purpose of assesff- 

** Itam, that all aohiiafia ba awonm to tha king or 
bia dapatta, that thai laU lalaly and trenly gar tlua 
aiaU M fnlfillit ol all tha landia and gndis in forma aa 
ia abona writyna." FkrL Ja. L, A. 1424, Acta, Ed. 
1814, p. 4. 

*'8aVaral aneiant Talnationa of tha whola kingdom 
of Scotland, called eztenti, took place at diSarent 
perioda, for the pnrpoaea of fair apportionment of 
leramia npon particnlar oocariona. ** Agr . Surv. Berw. , 
p. 83. V. Stint. 

Extentour, e. An assessor, one who ap- 
portions a general tax ; now. S. steni'nuxfter, 

— «*That tha exieiiiourU nil be awome before the 
barronia of the achirafdoma, that they aall do thair fall 
power to the aaid extant," Ac Acta Jil L, A. 1424, 
tCd. 1666* c 11. 

h, B. extaMor, aaatimator pnblicna. 

EXTERICS, s. pL A oommon corr., among 
the Ynlgar, of the name of the disease cal- 
led Hystericif S. 

EXTERMINIOUN, «. Extermination. 

—>'* Thair ia nothing lea intandit againea thia kirk 
and kingdoma nor ana yttir eacUrminkmn and totall de- 
atractioan." Acta Cha. I., Ed. 1814, V. 309. 

Thia word, in ita formation, reiemblea L. B. ezter- 

EXTERNE, adj. Outward ; Lat. extern-^. 

— "To the qnhilkia beidii my new King Kinloqnhy 
— ^maid aindxy promiaata of an anaauer ; — bot as ^t, 
that we mot (naw hia inwart religioun be hia fidehtie 
(I will nocht aay be hit leia) in exteme materia, we 
heir nathing of hia promia folfillit." N. Winyet'a 
Qneat V. Keith, App., p. 220. 

To EXTINCTE, v. a. To erase ; used as 
sjmon. with deleit ; Lat. part. exHuet-us. 

— '* It ia our will that ye eximcte and deleit forthe 
of the aaid aommondia tha aaidia Vthreid M'Dowgall 
and hia aonab" kc Acta Ja. VL, 1584, Ed. 1814, p. 

To EXTIRPE, V. a. To extirpate ; Fr. ear- 

— "Makla lea can tiia aamin prera in gruit and 

caoaata of treaaaoun, quhilk concemia hrfe, 

11, gndia, and extirping of the poaCeritie." Acta 

Ja. VL, 18fr7, Ed. 1814, p. 128. 

To EXTORSS, V. a. To exact upon, to use 

— " Neyther tha aaidia cnatcmiaria ba anfferrit to ex- 
tor8$ the people aa thai haae done in tymea paat." 
Acta Ja. VI., 1567, App., Ed. 1814, p. 42. 

From the Lat. aupina or part pa. extor§*um, or ex- 

To EXTORTION, v. a. To charge exorbi- 
tantly ; part. pa. Extortioned. 

— '* The flaneraU aant for the provoat Mr. Alexander 
Jaffray, and told him that hia aoldiera who went to 
the town could not get welcome nor meat, — and for 
anch aa thcqf got th^ were extorfioiwcf." Spalding i. 




mmmi$ tfordonam, oordwaiiiecs ooming from 
m distanoei or not enjoying the liberties of 
a burgh. Aberd. Beg^ A. 1563, V. 86* 
•• mn fa4 ftFfr*M^MM> hajwrngML" Dad. 

To EXTRA VAOE, 9« ft. To deviate in dis- 
conrse from the proper subject ; to speak 
incoherently as one oerangecL 

•«Th« Dnlra of Albftoy dMirad, thai 1m niij^t be 

^pamittod to tfwak, whore he txiravaged eo thot th^ 

tnoKned to eeemlye John hie brother^ and Bad that he 

deeenred to be pat in a oorreotion-hoiiee.'* Fbontein- 


ii eridently the aHae with SirwmSg, q. t. 

EXTBE;«. Axle-tree, S. 

«4)aham tho. ellaoe, gret pletf WM to ee 
The qnhiriena qvhele and ipedy awill eacfnt 
Snata dona to ground.— 

Demg. VitfO, 488. 81 V. Al 

EXULAT, pari. pa. Exiled. 

••8epeni*fteamfaffim''ae. Abeid. Beg., A. 166S| 
y. 88. Lb R nail-are. 

EY, a term used in the formati<m of the 
names of many places ; signifying an island. 
It is sometimes written aifj a^orie. 

ia not only the tenn, of the genenl, but of moat 
of the peooliar namea of the ialanda of Orkmy; aa 
0nMna-ey, Anuf-o, 8tnm»<L^ kc. It ia retained alao in 
the namea of many of the Weatem lalca, aa Tifr-ee, 
/fl-a, Jyr^ Hy or /-oobnkil], Ao. It ooenra alao in 
the Frith <A Forth; Jficfer-y, Sibbald'a Fife^ p. 83. 
Fldr^ ib., p. 105. 

laL ar, inaola, S11.-Q. oe. It propeily denotea a 
hner idand, while kolm ia reatricted to n email one, 
soeh aa that aorroonded Inr a river. V. Hdme. 
Gonn. Mf» A.-S. eage^ ig, nia. og, Ir. oghe, [The 
ori|;inal ionn ia preaenred in egoi^ aU^ a amaU iaiand in 

EYE-LIST, «• A flaw. V.Eb-list. 
EYEN,p2. Eyes. V. Een. 
EYE-WHARM,«. An eyelash, Shetl. 

laL kwarmmrt palpebrae; in 8a.-Q. cegm-kwnf, 
hoot kwef^flDo, ire, motitari, aaya Dire, aa the Let. tenn 

to be a palpUa$ulo, laL hwarmro^ ia iiaed aa a 
v., ajmityinffto move the eye-Uda or eye-laahea, morere 
palpebfaa; Haldoraon. 

EYLL, «• The aisle of a church ; AbenL 

[EYM, Ethe, «. Uncle. Barbour, x. 305, 
xiii. 697, Skeat's Ed. 
A.-8. etfm, an nnde, V. Bmb.] 

EYN («jf as Or. «), adv. Straight forwards, 

Thiai I anapeet* ia mereljr a provincial pronnndation 
of event A.-9. ^em; aa aignifying "not having an 
iadiination to any aide^** imd thoa aa eqnivalent to 

To EYNDILL, v. n. To suspect, to be 
jealous of. 

Hy wyf anmtvme weld telle trow, 

And mony laliiogi weCU ellow, 


8eho will not ewmiitl on me now j 

Andlmald. ifo illoml AiSMb P- 8191 

ElmdUnpt aocording to Sibb^, ia periiapa q. inteiUng, 
neany akin to mUmg, I have obaerved no tenn tliat 
eeema to have any affinity, aave A.-S. and^ku^ Aiem. 
atU'On, Germ, ami-en^ aelan; A.-S. onrfi^. enviooe. 
Id. indaela eignifiee» delectamen; indaelf volupia^ 
volnpe, O. Andr., p. 132. V. next word, and ELDira- 


ErNDLiyo, Etndlakd, parL pr. Jealous. 

Aa for bia wife, I wald ye loold forbid her 
Hir egndling toiU ; I true thar be nae danger. 

atrnfttt Evergnen, i. 7C st. 18. 

"Thir ar Qoddia wordia; 1^ anm dominus dene 
tnna, fortia, aelotea,— I am tliel^rd thi Qod, staricand 
ioliooa or egndlamL'* Abp. Haaultoon'a Cateohiame, 
1551, FoL 27, a. V. tiie v. 

EYRE FALCONS, Houkte, iL 1. Leg. 
Oyre falcons, as in MS. 

[EYSS, 9. Ease. Barbour, iiL 862, Skeat's 

[ETT, Ette, preL Ate. Ibid., ii. 495, 
iii. 539.] 

[EYTH, oJi*. Easy. Ibid., xviL 454. 

*• -A^reoiiirid.] ^ 

EYTTYN, Etttn, Etdt, t. A giant 

Thia term waa not unknown in E., althourii I have 
remarked only the following inatance, aa need liy Bean- 
mont and Fletcher. 

— "They aay the King of Portugal cannot ait at hia 
meat, but the Qiante and the iSiiine will oome and 
anatch it from him.** Burning Peetle. 

"Sum var etoreia, and aum var Set taylia. Thir var 
the namia of them aa eftir foUouie.— The taiyl of tho 
reyde egligm vith the thre hedia. CompL S., p. 08. 

ne pnipheceia of Rymonr. BeSd, and ICarling, 
And of mony Tther plesaQd haatory. 
Of BeU J»*ii and the Oyie Carling ; 
Oomfintand thee, quhen that I saw the aery. 

Lgiidm^e Warku, U88, pi 885. 

Dr. Leyden thinka that the term may be from A.-S. 
etan, to eat, adding; "hence an aiUkropopkague. 
The Bereerlxn of the North were acc ua tomed, in tlM 
parozyama of their fury, to devour human fleeh, and 
drink human blood; and hence probably the romances 
of gienta and elene, that devound quick men." OL, 
p. 882. 

But I need acaroely obeerve, that when nouna are 
formed from verba, the infinitive termination ia thrown 
nway. Beaidea, althou^ in A. -S. there ia an accidental 
coincidence in reapect of orthography, between the v. 
H'On, and the eubetantive eien, gigaa, it ia otherwiae 
in the Scandinavian dialecte. In lal. it ia jatUumt 
Jatumt Su.-0. jaite, jeUe ; whereaa laL et-a, and Su.-Q. 
aef-€^ aiffnify to eat. Acoordiuj^^, it haa not occ ur red 
to any <» the Northern etymologiata, that there ia the 
laaat affinity between the terma. It muat be acknow- 
ledged, however, that in Su.-0. the letter • ia aome- 
timee prefixed to worda beginning with a vowel, where 
it haa no particular meaning. Tnua jaeia ia aomotimen 
put for aSta, to eat. In other inatanoea, it ia uaed in- 
tenaively, aa ae occaaionally occura in A.-S. 

Although the etymon above referred to ia very doubt* 
fnl, I have met with none that ia not liable to exoep- 
tion. O. Andr. and SpegeL derive jciun from Hen. 





0lNn|^ powwrali 

tnd StisnilMbBt Irmb 

Sor «M 11 miOBAbly 1m MippoMd, thai «'tiM lo. 
■MWM «f fffamli and Hmu^ thai oaroimd quick bmb," 
■flhatailncm tiia aooovntt girai of tha BeneHben, 
far BMN pmMKly, tiia BtnerSt; for thia in Id. ia tha 
■L af JbrpM^v or Smrterk-mr, V. OL Laz. Bmue.) 
aaLatbdanoauDaladiferaerli. Aafaraaloanobaarra^ 
LtiQDad hir U. writanooly, and aa paenliar 


writmgB wara by no 
iti^ knoiwB, aikl al anv rata wara ot too lata a 


to hav» g^Tan riaa to tha RMnanoaa oMiitioiiad. 
loaa it appaar, that tiia Benerker davoarad hmnan 
II ia aaid, indaad, that aoma of tham al fint 
took % dmoAt of human Mood, in order to proenra 
Ihatl aKtraocoinaqr atrength by which they wera after- 
waida diatingaiaiiad ; and thai othen, under the aame 
Mm^ dra^^ tiia blood of a wild beaat which they had 
and aal part of ita heart. 

of theaa aztraordinary men having 

laaoaaiarily introdnoad, it mav not be nnacoeptable 
la tiia laadar to haTa aoma fortner acoonnt of them. 
Am ttair atrangth waa remarkablcb they were actoaled 
by anaii fury aa to pay no- raflard to anything that waa 
la ttair way. Thay mahef it ia aaid, throng the 
iaaMiL and lore spiraea by tha roota. They provoked 
tiiaaoua and tiia rich fo atnffla oombat, that they auji^l 
n pwy of thair wivea, oani^tera^ and p omea ai on a ; 
tk^ wara gniarallv aaocemfaL 
Thair atnogtli and raiy are^ by Northern writerB» 
aaaribad la vary diflRwant oaniaa. In aoma inatanoea, 
Ik^ hav»ba«i allribatad to witchcraft ; in othen, to 
n aoil al di a h o llc a l poa a aai i on or impnlae ; and in many 
tk^ ksra been viewed aa merely the effect of a 
I tamparamant of body. Soma of the Benerber 
in tnair ganaral oondoc^ wiae and peaoeab l a 
■MB; hsi oeeaaMnaUy aaiaed by thii vnaooonntable 
Any. 11 waa jpraoaded hf an extrame coldneaa and 
ikpT, by gnaahiiM of the teeth, and bodily agitation. 
Afmr tim altaok% they felt an excaaaive weaknem and 
iMMnnr. Tka aoooonta given of theaa aymptoma 
plainly indicata n narvooa aiSwtion, in aoma re a pecta 
vwTMmikir to thai called A. Fitef'a Danee, in Angoa 
llaVv^iV <i9«<^with thia difference, indeed, that the 

pnliMa m tha latter, notwithatanding their extra- 
arfinatyiaftkm% diaoover no inclination to hnri 
atfbana; alttM^ whan aaiaed with the fit, if diapoaed 
la m^ tk^ ovartnm avaiy object tlml ia in their way. 
▼. AflBOt da Beraark. ad oalc Kriatniaaff. OL Lex. 
Bnio. VB. Btr m H m t . Bartholin. Ant Dan., p. S4S^ 
and Harvanr S. jpaaa. 
II mnal ba acknowledged, however, that the Nor- 
writara in general, and even the moat leaned 
tham, conaider tlua affection aa pretematoraL 
saoea tiiia fnrybackto the timea of haathan- 
MOdin," ha aav% «*waa believed to have each 
nawar in bima^ ^mI ne atmck hii enemiea blind, and 
Baa( and alnpid, ao that their anna were Unnted like 
ao BMny atnvea. But hia aoldiera mahed forward 
withoBi bafaotg ooverad with inail, and raged like dogi 

lowing thair ahialda. Strong aa beara or 
bnifak tiMy nowad down their foaa ; but neither lira 

nor ataal could iijara tham, Thia qnalityia called the 
BBwiie fnry.'* Heimak. Tnglinga 8. a b. "They 
appear," aava VereL, " aa demoniaca under the impnlae 
of the deviL The atrength of ten other men aeema 
acaroelv eqoal to theira. When the evil apirit departa 
from tnem, thev lie weak and exhanateo." Not. in 
Qothr. k Rolf. S. c. 27, an. Bartholin, nbi anp. 

Some derive tlua word from laL 6er, bare, and mrk'r^ 
a ahirt, metaph. need for a coat of mail ;' becanae they 
kanerally foneht without armoor, aa it waa believed 
that, by the fi>roe of enchantment, thev were aecore 
from wonnda. Othera, from bene^ a wou, and yrh'ia^ 
to exerdae ; beotnae they were not afrmd of wolvoa 
when they met them. Othen again, from &er-MM, to 
fight, and yrl;-ta, mentioned above ; aa they were prone 
to fi^tinj[. V. Benerk, Due. One thing which 
atrikoa agamat all theaa derivationa ia, thai aergrisi^ 
aaxicola, a term entinly aynon., haa ita firat qrUable 
from Id. 6eiy, a rock or mountain ; OL Lex. Bim^ 
gigu, Pydopa, 0. Andr., d. 199. Shall we auppoae, 
that, according to tlua analogy, hentrkgr ia q. herg-MV' 
kiar, from berg, mons, and ierk-kur, Sanconi, aa pro- 
bably denominated from their impetuoaity and ferocity, 
in which they might be auppoaod to reaemble the 
Saracena, who in a abort time overrun ao many coun- 
Irieaf Saertiand ia the 'name given bjr Scandinavian 
writen^ not only to Arabia, but to Africa in general. 
V. Heimakr., u. 60. 236. 

Bed eitin. 1. A phrase used in Fife, and 
perhaps in some other counties, to denote a 
person of a waspish disposition. 

2. /i^dea^^n occurs, as if equivalent to «aniit&a/. 

— "Thev orefer the— friendahip of the Qninana k 
the real of toeae monatroua redeatau in France who 
celabrat that bloody druken feast of Bartholomew in 
Paria," Ac MeUviU'a MS., p^ 109. 

EZ AB, adj. Of or belonging to the tree cal- 
led Maple. 

He's tana the table wi' Us fbot, 

Sae has he wi' his knee ; 
Till silver cap and tzar dish 

In lUndera ne gar'd flee. 

oaMorrice, EertTt OolL, L 4. 

Aor alao occnra in Pink. Trag. Ballads^ i. 88. Z. 
Boyd, and Ritaon, give ma»er^ maur, Aa thia differ- 
ence doea not seem to have originated from the care- 
leaaneaa of tranacribers, or the inaccuracy of recita- 
ticn, it would appear that both terma had been uaed 
without any corruption ; muter exhibiting the Tent, 
or Goth, fomij and etar that of the western lansuagea ; 
ItaL ocero^ Hisp. aoert L. Bw aeruM^ aU acknowledging 
Lat. aeer aa their aouroa. V. Masib. 

It muat ba remarked, however, thai in C. B. it ia 

EZTiE, 9. A spark of fire, generally from 
wood, Dumfn V. Eizel. 





Thm fnhaWtMli «f mmm of tii« NortlMm oonntioi 
«M this btter IntfeMd of mA or 9mA. 
Ob this sabject Bndd. obiervas } " I am almost 

dooo with tM ImL V. And thsss mors southward 
pmoaiiosd it as (7u» Cm, or Qti|— in imitation of the 
Wslsh or FkvBofa, kcp to whom it seems they had a 
asararniation than the other." GL Lett Q. 

This idea is hj no means natoraL For the ^ttmal 
sonndisnsedin rerthshirsandothereonnties, mwhich 
tho Irish or Qaelio oncejpreyailed : whereas tiie peen- 
hatitf of jpronomictng if tor Wh begins to appear in 
Aitgos aba If cans, and oompletelv marks the mhabi- 
tssis-of AbenL. Mornr, Ao.; althoogh there is oon- 
sidsnble ntwnd for belieying that these districti are 
oeonpied |^ a Qothio rase. 

I psroeira no satiidEactonr rsason for this singoUurity. 
Stmi supposing them to oe of Northern extract ; it 
woold not solve the difficulty to recor to what has been 
said of tiia inhabitants of Scandinavia^ that P and W 
avs wanting in their dialects* and snppUed by V ; the 

' fosmer being the most, open of the ubial letters, and 
th(S latter the most shut, so that it may be prononnoed 
with the month almost dosed, which made it an accep- 
table snbstitnte in Scandinavia, iHiere the cold climate 
isndersd their onans rigid and oontneted. V. Pin- 
heiton's Enqniir, i. 8«, SS4. For if the Pictiah 
inhabitants of tnese distnots were Goths, why were 
thsj thns distingnished from other Picts? i^ther 
dtfionlfy fordbly msents itself. The gottnral sound, 
naknowB in As Korth of S., -is retaioSd in A9 of the 

- Ibslandsrs and other Scandinavian nations. 

FAVFax, g. Foe, enemj* 


Vte en, sistsr, in my name, and thys si 
8a iawne to my proodyh, and decurs. 

Dmiff. Virga. Ill 4t 

A.-&/h^ Jiik, inimicns. This is most probably from 
>«», Jlg'On, O. 8a.-G. JUl, Moes-G. Jijan, Alem. /-«a, 
/yss^ to hats. 

FA,v. andtf. Y.Faw. 

FAB, «• A fob, or small pocket ; used as de- 
noting a tobacco-pouch, South of S. 

Whsa^i&f sn' sniihfai-mll]s rin toom. 
Than oool and dumps their place resume. 
The temper sour as ony plomb. 

A, Sooifs Poemtf p. 80. 

O swMt whsnifate do Sll the fist 
Wr p%-taa paag'd, or ladies' twist 

ML, ISll, pi 101. 

O^n*- ArP4 loenlns. 
FABORIS, 8. pL Suburbs of a city. 

On to thsyettls sndyhftorif off the tonn 

Brstthly taal brynt, and brak their byggyngii doun. 

Wauac$, vuL 627, MS. 

Sditi 1648 and 1073 rsad snftttrfteff. Famlxlntrg also 

— ** He was placit in a desert ludmng near the wall 
id fitMbmrg of the town, callit the kirk of feild, 
nraairit for a wicked intent.'*— Historic K. James the 

^^..^ ,, » 

JFT* ^onxooHfy, m* 


Ih amdnlation hard I plav and ting 
Mybcmdmm. prieksang, diicant, conntering. 

Fohomrdomm^ Bnrsl, Watson's OolL. ii. 6. 

Here there is an enumeration of tne different tones 
and forms of music then in use. As Fr. fausAtmrdttm 
ngnifiee the drone of a bag-pipe» it mav i«fer to bass. 
The Fr. term, however, is used to jQenote what ia 
called dmpU eounierpomtt in music V. Diet. Trsv. 

^ FACE, $. The edge of a knife, or of any 
sharp instrument, o. 

Tablet a Faee^ cut into several small angles. 

FACHENIS,^;. Faulchions. 

This Ansntinus f ollowis in ther weris. 

Sue in there handis, Isaoe, staffis and bnnel spsiik 

And dangorus/uAcnif into the staifBs of tre. 

J)99ig. Virgil, SSL SL Doloa, Yirg. 

Fr./iaicAon. This word, properly Ujsnifjring a short 
crooked swon^ is most probably from dt. jabe, a hook 
or bilL 

[FACHEBIE,^. V. Fascuebie.] 

Then ilka fouU of his>!uA< a fcther has taae» 
And let the Houlat in haste Aitrtfy but hone 
Dame Natare the nobillett nychit in ane ; 
For to turn this fethem, and dochly hes donsi 

IToiifate, iiL 90. 

This seems to be JUdU in MS., in reference to the 
wing aa the instrument of JUghL Thus Germ, /s^ 
Belg.efatfle<, signify a wing. Dan./l9J, metaph. the wug 
of a bniloing, of an army; which shews that it haa been 
orimnaUy used for that of a bird. Instead of hufikg 
aacTsp^ in MS. it ia as given in the eztnot 

FACIE, adj. 1. Bold, fearless. Thus, a 
sheep is said to be faeUf when it stands to 
the doff, when it wul not movoi but fairly 
faeet hun, Teviotdale. 

2. Forward, unpudent| ibid. 

FACILE, adi. A faeib man is a forensic 

fihrase in ol, whicn has no synonvme in E. 
t does not signify one who b weak in judg- 
ment, or deficient in mental ability, but who 
possesses that softness of disposition that he 
is liable to be easily wrought upon by others* 

FACOUND, adj. Havmff a graceful ut- 
terance ; Lat. faeund-^iBf Fr. faeond^ id. 

" It was fonnd expedient to send Menenins Agrip- 
pa, ana ridit/iceiuiaoratoure, to the pepilL** Bellend. 
T. Liv., p. ISO. 

• FACTOR, Faotour, «. 1. A land-steward, 
or one who has the charge of an estate, who 
lets the lands, collects the rents, &c. 

^— *' llr. White^ a Welshman, who haa been many 
ysars factor (i.e. steward) on tlie eetate of Calder, 
oinnk tea with na last night," Ao. Boswell*B Journal, 
p. 110^ Ed. 1807. 

2. A person legally appointed to manage 
questered property, o. 




. » _ •■ 

'^IIm 6o«it «f BtMJOB, who dMTM th« ■eqnettnb- 

& One to wlioni escheated oxoperfy is given ; 
equhralent to IkmOary^ S. 
«• Jbetow^ 4 DowHoor r AlMid. Bag., A. 1060, v. 

Wmjioibie, 9. •Agenqr. Xe((re7 of factories 
• letters empowering one person to act for 

— *'IlHiil doMns piifionii, qnha hm oommittit th« 
«fyaM <if if moot and iMemaiestie, in def nad of his 
kMBM aad bk dooatooria, liea nuud dynem baodia, 
qMifitinin% IHtm of /o^torM^— •■ gif the same had 
bana maid and mntil be ihaam pieioir] the oryme of 
if aaaooa alta»|jib be the aaid paraonia foirfaltit. ** Acta 
Ja. VL, 1003^ Bd. 18K p. M. 

FADDISr «• ft* Lang faddia^ long boats. 

*'BbI bom ^ry thay gaderit ana amy oat of 
. Dnlaody Anrfla^ Lena, CSinter, k othir partia adiaoent. 
fljjiia laadiTwitli waaaj gidyoana and kmg Jaddig in 
BaBand. Cron., F^L 10^ a. Biremibua, Boeth. 

is.. «;IOl 

H ia naad in vandering lMt» iriremibu»f B. 
QaaLyiHlB^ a hoaft ; Umgfhada, a galley, Shaw. 

To FADDOl^ V. a. Y. Fadom. 

FADE, Feds, adj. [Prob.^ in order, ready, 

Bar aaflaa thai lain donn. 

And kafa^ oaar bold thil atiada, 

tha kiddhtoa ttat war /»!« 
IWi^daa Bohand badt. 

air THMftm^ pi IS, it 14. 

TUB bnadand **Caitiifia'*inGl. I aaapect that 

yhrt aw^ id. t and Cimb. falK-Of ordinara^ 

FADE, Faid, «• A company of hunters. 

I ba laagib and thaybde on bnda 
Bynaya throwlaa naaii, larcheyng the woddia wyd, 
Aad aatia act the ^in, on anery ajae. 

ladifOb YiiV' 1>9m^. Ftiy., lOS. 48L 

«*AllaBl4«baB tba/iitf had brocht in the wolf afora 

tho h o mdia, the akry araia, A ylb man want to hia 

HB." BaUand. Ckon., B. vi. e. 3. 

Badd. con j e otof aa that thia ia for/o/cf . Bat thera ia 

aot the di^taet affinity. Lye^ (Jan. Etymolog.) 

thia, *'a pack of hunting dofia," 
He dednoea it from lal 


TanatmoHun tarba. 

aaiJa» to bait j mantioning, aa oosnate tanna, A.-S. 
watrt aa^ id. Be]|^ wMtntr^ iceicMian, a huntaman. 
word, bow e var , in tta fonn ia more immediately 
I to OaaL Ir. jiadkach, banting, /odA, a deer ; 
^jkarr^fadk^ a baie^ fadh'Ckmlach^ a wild boar, 
frntkoig^ a baataman, /Cuda-^AodA, a hunting apear, 
fadk-wga^ a banting pole. 

JVadI, btnd, a fotaat, otiadk, wild, may perhapa be 
viawad aa the ladieal word. Bnt both the Qoth. and 
OaM. woida aaam to baTo bad a common origin. 

To FADE, V. a. "^To taint, corrupt, or 
fan short in.** OL Wynt 

8at fbow bawe>fady« thi lawtA. 
Ba tUa dada jMt 1^ hoaetU. 

WpntowH, TiL 1. eS. 

>*U./b^afi;(T.impeia.)iadefeetiT«.'* Gl. 

FADER, Fadtb, $. Father. 

And than eoBM trthaadla oar the aa, 
That liMJtuhir waa dona to dad. 

Awftaar, i. 847, MS. 

A.-S. ftMeder, faedfr, U. Sa.-0. Dan. /atUr, Belg. 
vatUTf Germ, vaier, Alem. faier, Lat. patera Gr. rarifp, 
Ftea. pader^ id., Moea-G. /adrtne^ parang 

Faderlt, adj. Fatherly. 

** Yit the praia [preaa] and violence of tyranny wea 
mair poaaant— than ony raveranoe of ago or fadtrly 
piete.'^ Bellanden'a T. LiTiua, p. a 

FADOE, 9. A bundle of sticks, Dumfr. 
Fadge^ a burden, Lancash. Ol. 

A.-S. ge-fig^ oommiaaura, oompago, from feg-an, pt' 
ftg-an^ janaera ; Belg. vo«j7, a joining «otf(jr-en, to jom ; 
or rather Sw. foQga paa tig, onerara, Seren. N. to. 

FADOE, Faoe, 8. 1. ''A large flat loaf or 
bannock; commonly of barley-meal, and 
baked among ashes, Sibb. But the word 
is also used to denote a kind of flat wheaten 
loaf, baked with barm, in the oven. Loth. 

"Ibay make not all kindea of breade, aa law 
raqayraa ; that i^ ana /age^ aymmel, waatell, pure 
clMne braade, mixed made, and bread of trayt.'* 
ChambaKlan Air, o. i^ f 4. 

A GUmow capon aad tk/adg$ 
Ye tbooght a teat 

Rmmwa^B Poemi, it S89. 

** A herring; and a ooarae kind of leavened bread 
aaed by the common people.** Note. 

Skene derivea thia uom Gr. ^oy-M, to eat But it ia 
undoubtedly the aamewith Teat wegghe, paniatriticua 
libum oblongum, Kilian. Belg. wegge^ a eake^ a 
farthinff-loaf. Sw. hHwegg, a aort of bread prepared 
with apioea, eaten warm on Shrovetide, q. calidua pania. 
Perhapa Fr/fouaee, a thick cake, or bun, haatily baked, 
baa the aame origin. 

The fouaee ia baked in the aame manner with what 
ia properly denominated m/adge in S., with hot embera 
laid on it and burning coala over them. Hence, it 
baa been auppoaed that the people of Perigord, Lon- 
fluedoo, Ac, gave it the name of fouaee, from Lat 
jonu, the bevth. Buabequina reUtea, that in tra- 
velling from Vienna to Conatantinople, throughout 
Bulgaria, he met with hardly any other bread than a 
aort of /ouace, which waa not ao much aa leavened. 
Quo fere tempore pene uai aumua pane aubcinericio ; 
fugado9 vocant Lab. 1. V. Oiell'a Babelaia, & L, c. 
20, N. 

2. A lusty and clumsy woman, S. 

Her oxen may dye i* the houae, BiUie, 

And bar kye into the byre ; 
And 1 mU hae nothing to my aeU 

But a t%t/adge by the (yfe. 
Sir Tkamoi and Fair Annei, Hitmm*9 & Songa, iL 18S. 

[FADING, 8. Falling. Barbour, xiu. 632, 
Edin. MS. Evidently for Falding. V. 
Skeafs Gloss.] 

To FADLE, Faidle, r. «. To walk in an 
awkward and waddling manner, Ang. 

Thia ia perhapa radically the aame with E. waddle, 
the origin of which ia very uncertain. 




FAD01i^«. A fathom, S. 

UL/hdrnFTt id. qiuuitiiiii meniim m poHunl •zt6i»» 
dan Uotrti onm manibai ; O. Andr. TIm Id. word 
iho iiffniftw iho botftnii 

To Fadou, Faddox, v. a. 1. To measure; 
vied in a literal sense, S. 

2, To encompass with the arms, S. and O. E. 

II ehaiM'd tkt iteek hb/bddom'i thiioe 
Wm tlminar-pnmt m thnwliiff. 

^Simu^ UL 121 
*'Tidn aa o opjo rt i m itar of goin^ nnnoticedy to a 
Bear-^iaek, ana fathom it thraa tunaa round. The. 
laat fathom of tha laat tima^ yon will eatoh in Your 
arma tha appaaraaoa of yoor fatnra oonjnnl bed- 
fellow." N!,^d. 
lUa ia one of tha ridionUnis ritae aomatimaa ohaenred 

*'I JhdomBt Ja embiaaaa. — ^Ton can nat /uiofiia thia 
tcaa aft thijaa.** Pdagr., F. 881, a. 

3. To comprehend ; applied to the mind, S. 

UL/idaa-cs ampIactL 

FAE, pron. Who, Aberd. OL Antiq. 

[FAE,pf«p. From, away from, Clydes. As, 
** {bt/os hame,** ^ he ran foe me."] 

FAO, «• The sheep-lonse, S. O. 

**/hgi^ or kadaa, are da a tc oy ed by a mixtora of aoap 
and maioBry.'* Agr. Snrr. Argylaa., p. 271. 

FAOALD, 9. 1. Faggot. 

— OwtJftMfflrfif tharoff thai inaMj 
Ondjiiilthlna bandis braid. 
TrnfagaUit weill mycht meauryt be 
m a gnt towayi quantity 

Bm^omr, zriL 615^ MS. 

liMlaad of icwitift, in adit. Pink, it ia iatpryt ; edit. 
1090 AiRNf j^ i.a., tha aiaa or weight of a ton. [Skeat'a 
Bd. alaohaa tmm^'\ Mr. Pink. rendera/aj^a/Stf, paroeL 
But it ia avidantly Vt» fagoi^ a little diagoiaed ; or 
fram C. B. Arm. fagodm, id.; L. B. fagal-wm^ 

A.-a.AVMVsigBifiM lepra, acabiea, **tiialeproqr, a 
ioab» ambbioeaa, a mangineaae }'* floomer. Bat tiia 

S. The term Fagald was formerly applied, in 
Ettrick forest, to a bundle of twi^s or heath 
tied with straw ropes, nsed for snutting np 
the doorway under nidit, when there was 
no door. Li this simple state of society, a 
stone table was also employed instead of a 
wooden one. Both these were in use with- 
in the memory of man. 

FAOOIE, adj. Fatiguing ; as, a f aggie dag, 
one that tires or fags one by its sultriness, 

FAO-MA-FUFF, $. A ludicrous term for 
a garrulous old woman, Roxb.; of uncertain 

FAOS, «• The name given to a disease of 
sheep, S. 

— **11ie ioab^ j^a^ or kadea, fieka, footrot, and other 
local diaaaaea incident to aheep^ are treated varionaly, 
bat with Tiry little aocoeaa." Campbell'a Journey, 

term, I apprehend, aa claaaed with tadeSf ia the pL of 
iVflTf and merely daaotea looaineaa to a groat degree. 

FAOSUM, adu Producing weariness or 
fatigue, tiresome, Berths. 

Faosumness, «• TiresomencsS| ibid* 

Johns, deriirea the E. t. fo fofft from Lat. faiiff'-art. 
Bnt Serenina mentiona Sw. fagff'a paa <^, aa onermra, 
which would aeem to be a preferable origm. 

ToFAICK,r.n. To fail V. Faik. 

FAID. V.Fadb,^. 

To FAID, V. fi. To frown, Orkn. 

U. fasd, aTeraiOk diaplicentia, VereL ; indignatio 
clandeatina ; Jaetkar'Svipr, Tultua indignantia ; Haldor- 
aon. Sn.-0. fiffd^ hoatilitaa {feid, a), /egd-a, bellom 

ToFAIKyV.n. 1. To grasp, to inclose in one's 

^Thy ryeht aime of amyttin, O Laryda, 
Amid the feOd lyia the beaide ; 
And half, lyfeica thy flngeria wer ateraad. 
Within thy neif dob ^ aad/xO; thy brand. 

Long, Fttyii; aSOt 28l 

[2. To fondle, to caress ; still in usci Clydes.] 

Radd. lafera to Bdg. voegh'-en^ oonjnnflera. But tha 
word, aa thua need, ia undoubtedly the aame with 
Fland. fadt'ttt, i^prehendere^ KiliMi ; oorreaponding 
to Fr. empaigner^ D'Aiay : laL eg fae^fick rtX/aed^ 
capiob aooipio, O. Andr., p^ 83. 

To FAIK, V. a. To f old, to tuck up. A 
woman is said iofaxk her plaid, when she 
tucks it up around her, S. 

Sic hauaa aa yon aad ne'er be yUilwf, 
Be hatnt wha like. 

ihira#, UL 87S. 

"Unknown," OL Bnt it certainly aignifiea, folded, 
like the handa of the alnggard. 

Feeket ia expL " flecked, parti-coloured,** OL Rita., 
in reference to the following paaaage, S. Songa, L 180: 

O tee yon not her ponny prognea, 
Her/edbrf plaid, plew, creen, mattam f 

But it undoubtedly aignifiea folded, or worn in folda, 
aa being the aame with /aikii, 

E. /ux, "among aeamen, a coil of rope," (Johns.) ia 
aridantlT from the aame fountain. It la more properly 
defined by Phillipa, "one circle or roll of a cable or 
rope quoifed up round ^ ao that when a cable ia veered^ 
or let out by hand, it la demanded. How moHji faJoto 
are l^; La., how much of the cable ia left oehind 

Rudd. viewa thia aa the aame with the preceding v. 
Aa originally aignifying to daap, it mi^ht, indeed, in 
an obbque aenae, denote the act of tuckmg up^ becanaa 
ona lag§ kM of a garment for thia puipoae. It may, 
as Rudd. conjectnrea, be allied to Belg. roevy-ea, con- 
jungere. But undoubtedly we have the aame word, ia 
a mofo primitiTO form, in Sw. veet^ a fold, lagga i viek^ 
to lay in pUita or folda i veek paa en kiorteL a oUit or 
tuck on a petticoat ; hence veckl-a, to fold ; widag. 
Ihre mentiona wik-a fvUbaJ as aignifying plican ; and 
Seren. faQoor^ plicae, to. Fag^ena. Perhapa Teat. 
foek-tttf to hoiaa up tha aaila, ia radically the aaina. 

f AI 



Faix,«. 1. A fold of any thing; ataplyof 
a gttmen^ 8. B. 


ATM bkkM thuM vp, tad tiUs a>il, 
Mwlzi bit dowUiitttBd Ui UdratI ; 


lad tilfe tbuM iB tkt boith, 

Btmmafifn§ iVwn ^ p. 171» 179; iL 7. 

.1^ B» tikct • fold «f one of tha oskM. doaUing it. 
Taditv tkoi dcfliiM Germ, /fdbt; Loenliw v«l ue- 
bk rm^ in qiM> aliqnid eonditor ; as denoting a 
bag or poeket m m gannont ; dariTin^ it from 
what bo oaOa tbo mora andent nweo. Bnt it baa far 
■MM waamWinna of faSk^ aa aignif ying tbo fold of a 
it cturfBaUy vaod for eairyinau7tbiii& and first 
u 8ia waof iipoefcat. i)an./tti^ apoko^ 

9. Aplaid, Aug.; Faikie^ AbenL 

•«Jba^ a plaid;" GL Svr. Kain. Y. SoppL 

— •'I bad MO mair daisa bat a qinii^d /oiBs.*' 
Ibvaal from LondoBy pu S, Lo., a atripad plaid. 

8o danominatiid, oitner becanaa worn in /okU ; or 
froa^Toniybefa^ anporior tonica. V. Faik, v. 2. 

It ia aiao pronovnoed /aUtt aomotimaa q. feauk, 
AbanLf Mior^r* 

FAIK, «• A stratum or layer of stone in the 
qnany, LoUu ^ 

**1m tbo amnmar montb% tbo awarma of aearfs, 
■annfa./iifliL 4o. tbat oomo to batcb in tbo rocks of 
BnuBabay and Stroma ara prodigiona." P. Ganisbay, 
GUtfin. GftaliBt Aoo., Tiii. 159. 

Tbo BaaotinU ia oaOad tbo /bO; Martin's St. Kilda» 
fwlS. «'In tbo Hobridea tbis biid is oaUad JWi or 
JUfc.** Koin% Tomr, p. 197. 

To FAIK» V. a. 1. To lower the price of 
any commo dity , LotiL, Perths. WiUye no 
fnt m$ f mU yon not lower the price t 
Mt will noi/aik a penny; he will not abate 
asinj^e jpenny of the price. 

*'IwM]dwis both yon and bim to kantbatnnno 
b yoar i«?«nnoa; and fikewias^ too^ Bfr. KeeUvin, 
tharnao/ift afaitbliwo^ myrudit.'' Tbo Entail, 


9. To ezcose, to let go with impunity. Loth* 

Ba.'O, faUhOf lidtarL to cboMsn, to attempt to 
pawtbaae a tbin^ hL/at-a; from/o/, promercalia, any 
ooamodity exposed to sale. Aa this WMd oooors in a 
ndieal form in 8il-G. and IsL wo cannot aoppoae tbat 
it ia from I^. de^faiqU'tr^ 1m!L d^faU-mrt, 

To FAIK, Faick, v. n. To fail, to become 
weary, S* B* 

flhaslsits to foot, bat bas aa mangbts to stand : 
Hauacb'd and damisb'd, and icaree at ber sdL 
flw limbs tbeyybia«l ander ber sad felL 

Mo§^9 Mdtnort, pt SI 

tabapa firom tiio sameorimn with weak; 8w. vek- 
•a»'Norw. eUtiM, flaccemeio, Sn.«G. wjjt-o, cedero ; or 
amed to Tent, ftaeek^ somnn% vaedtiffk^ soporatns. 

To FAIK, V. a. To stop, to intermit, S. B. 

lbs lanes now art IfaiUng wbat they dow, 
ladyWlMl aster a Ibotfor bdgbt nor bow. 

Jms^f MtUmc n, p. 78L 

In tUs senee it is also said. iry/€<« ikneaevcr/otH 
I bare stiU been in motion. 

This most probably may bo traoed to tbo sanw 
orimn with #'a&^ to fail. 

Tbia may per^pe be slUed to Id. >!i€db-a, diminnera, 
ad paneioraredigera. It properly denotea diminntion 
in nmnber ; as tors need, (|. aid not diminish the num- 
ber of their stepe, by walking more slowly. 

It most be the same term that ia oaed in Ayrs., ren- 
dend "to give np with ;" GL Sonr. Ayra., p. 091. 

FAIK,«. a corr. of Fat(&. /n/a£^ in faith, 

Faiks, pL My fcaka^ a minced oath, signi- 
fying, by my faith, Roxb.; synon. Fegn^ 
q. V. 

Faikins. Oui€ faikiMf a minced oath. South 
of a. ; Feggina^ S. B. Y. Fegs. 

FAIL, adj. Frail, in a failed state as to 
corporeal ability, Roxb. 

This corresponds with Sm.'Q./d, which denotes both 
moral and physical defect; Teut. /ael, id., faud-a^ 

FAIL, Fale, Feal, s. 1. Any grassy part 
of the surface of the ground, as united to 
the rest. 

The varyaat fsstors of tbs veaost Yale 
Sebrovals tbe scbsiand f^, and vaitnfaU 
Oasifrett with ftdyeis, sad fygwis fu dyuen, 
Tbe pray bjiprent with spryngand spronUs dTipenL 

D(Mg Vwgilf ProL lOl^ 8S. 

2. A turf, a flat clod covered with grass cut 
off from the rest of the sward, S. 

"To keip thaim fra all incarsionis of ennjmee in 
tvmea cnmyn^ he beildit ane huge wall of fail and 
osiiail rycht braid and hie in mxuier of ane hill fra the 
mouth of Tyne fomena the Almane seis to the flude of 
Esk fomens the Ireland aeis." Bellend. Cron., & t., 
e. 4. VaUon portentoeao molia ex ee»piUbiu^ e lerra 
oocuU, Booth. 

"lieutenant Crowner Johnston mana the bridge, 
fortified the port upon the south end of the same, and 
caased dose it np strongly with faiU and thatch to 
hold out the shot of the cartow.** Spalding, i. 173. 

FaU and divot are thus distingnisheii in £ig. Fail is 
used in building the walls of an earthen house, and 
divof for coTering it. The fail is much thicker than the 
dhfot, and differs in shape. The divoi differs also from 
IcMir or turf, as strictly used ; the divoi being of grass 
and earth, and the far/ either of a mossy or heathv 
substance^ or partly of both. Sod is properly a thicL 
turf, resembling tbe/aiV, not so directly used for fuel, 
as for keeping in the fire kindled on a hearth, and 
casting forward the heat. 

In miilding a waU or dyke ot/ale and divet, it is often 
the custom to set the /aU on edge, and lay the dicet 
flat OTor the faU. 

Rudd. thinks that this word uukj be derivod from 
L. B./ocale, whence O. Fr. /ea/Zc, E. fuel; "because 
turftB^ the most common kind of fuel in S." But this 
word is seldom, if oTer, used to denote iurfs for fuel, 
but those employed for some otherpurpose. Sibb., 
with much more reason, refers to ^uL veldt solum, 
superficies. But the term seems to assume still more 
of a radical form in Su.-G. uxifl, (pron. vail}, grassy 
soil* sward, aolum herbidum ; Ihre. Koera ho9kapen i 
wall, to drive cattle to tbe grass. The ground is said 
valla lig^ when it begins to gather a sward, q. to /ale 

We learn from Ray, that in the West of £. " vdling 
signifies ploughing up the turf or upper surface of the 
ground, to lay in beape to bum.*' v. Welle. Hence, 




Fail-dtkb,«. a wall built of socIb or tpirf 8, 
To PAILTE, Failze, v. n. 1. To fail. 

•«]a CMS tlM Midi penona doVtow— •hJl ffWe to 
-^iT# M III* iMd tuma Mgbt«d by ihem,-^ 

BOfftt," Ac A«ti ChiL L, Bd. 1814, ▼!. 210. 

S. To be in want of any tiling. 


QobiB tlud saw that thai mycht noebt fBt 
tlttlr wittaUlia tfll thaim, be the M, 

Thai eend ftirth ircht a si«t mmiye 

— jroMed maati adit. 1020. ^ ... 

ft; yoitter, to faa 5 alio, to b«k. to w«i». 

Pah-tib, Fatlthb', $. 1. Failure, non-per- 

*< Thay aall keap all thatr injoiictioiuiea ; and In caae 
«l iwSS in ony of the premiaea, tha pain to banplif- 
tif Act Sadt 7 June, 1687. , ^. .^ . 

-Gil oay Loid. Abbot, Prionr, or Dein^ lailyeia 
•nd biakia the aaid act, ba aall content a»d payfor 
anarr J^wie ane bnndreth markia ; and gif ony ISai^ 
MM or Malder !aayie,be aaU pay at eneij tyme m^ 
yS5to^n?«d." Aite Biary, iSX Ed. iSk p. 488. 

S. A lepJ subjection to a penalty, in conse- 
quence of disobedience. 

•<B«t no friend came in to thiaeflfoct, thinkingTanly 
it warn a aoare deviaed to dzmw gentlemen nnder 
faU^ki,^ Spalding, iL 228. 

8. The penalty in case of breach of bargain, 

••H theyoompeaied that wwaMponaal men, and 
9«| had no moneya beaide them to lend oat, then the 
mnmittee pieaently famiahed them moniea upon their 
V^^ of xepftyment, with the annoala at Martmmaaa 
ant, nnder Atfyfci/ •Tj^ff^ ^f, •^ ^ themaelTea 
and the good canae.** Spalding, u. 223. 

FAaam,adj. Foamy, S. V.Fame. 

We beek oomlla on the>!itmwheapa. 
Whan aimmer subs are breein. 
Mamaidm qfa^de, Bdvu. Mag., Uag, 1820. 

FAIN, adj. Damp, not thoroughly dnr; 
applied to grain in the field when not fit for 
bemg taken in, Roxb. 

This may be originaUy the aame with "/Vaajj, 
Booldy, Kent j *• Oroae. But I am inclined to think 
that Faii:i^ ia a oorr. of Thant, applied to meat which 
fetaina a good deal of the motature in roaating ; from 
A.-S. lAon, damp» moiat. 

To FAINT, V. a. To make faint, to enfeeble, 

«*Thia aeriooaneea breaketb the man'a heart, and 
/oiNlea the atoutneaa of i^ and leadeth it oat to aor- 
Wi one doth for a fiiitborn." Oath. Trial, p. 183. 

Tbta V. ia oaed in the aame aenae by Shakeapeat^ 
It/atfi<* me 


FAINTICE, Fayntiob, t. P>?J«2^'^^'K' 
hypocrisy; Barbour, iii. 288, Mo. V. 

Fr. /aWi.e, id. from AjW-f^ to d««Wj^^ 
JPioI. Skeat i^ndeia thia word more ««n»^^ 

••fiantneaa, cowardice, fading of apint. v , uioea. w 

Barboar, and note.] 

FAINTIE ORUND, ground, in the course 
of a journey or excursion, on which, when 
one passes over it, the superstitious believe 
it to be necessary to have a bit of bread in 
one's pocket, in order to prevent the person 
from /atnttny, Lanarks.; JTun^y grmd, 

FAINTS, «. pt Distilled spirits of an 
inferior quality, or low wines. 

••I. it nota great faalt among. dirtiUenj^aflowa^ 
of the/oiali to ran among their pare ^P^^-^^ 
faJmU are of • blaUh. and aometimea of a whiUah 
{3!ii?!!whereaa the^ right n»inta^ -«P»" "^ . 
limpid aa rock-water." fiaxweU'a SeL Trana., p. »». 

FADnr, adv. 

-Tbaiwarbotby&myowaett; thdifbl M ma rn e^ioir. 
The word ia ▼ery indiatinot in MS. 

FAIPLE, bI 1. Anything loose and flaccid 
hanging from the nose, Clydes. 

2. The crest or comb of a turkey, when 
elated, ibid. 

3. The underiip in men or animals, when^it 
hancs down large and loose, ibid. In LK)th. 
it 8^ to be confined to that of a horse. 

Hence, ., , i.. 

To Hang the FaipU. One fa said to hang his 
/otnfo, when chopfaUen, or* when from ill- 
humour he lets fall hfa under jaw, S. 

Te dldna ken bat syle o' Wpple— 

Might be yoor llit^ 
Or elie condemned to hamg a/atpu. 

To »««w «»••• M*. «• • P""^ **^ '"^ •• "*"" 
Tolneria pendolnm. 

FAIR, adj. Cahn, opposed to stormy. It ia 

fair^ but rainy ; Orkney. 
To FAIR, V. n. To clear up ; applied to the 

atmosphere in reference to preceding ram, 

S. . 

•« niniian waa edging gradoally off with the remark, 
thatifKWliketo/a^^^^^^ The Smagglera, u 

102. ^ , 

FAIR, Fere, Feyb, b. Appearance, shew, 
carriage, gesture. 





•rt fct «M lidUlM ofkil, and light or bit yiirt. ' 

• JMt. LIS. 

lynw Ihwt dOi fMdit fhi middU oiiL 
WMb glMt fai lund mid awftdybv and boift 

DMy. VirgHt VL SOL 
IW ■• Ml /ifT, and bow I nU him koaw, 
teiil li bit •!■■ ; and aya go Inga th4 law. 
'TM oablfOMn Miw, Rfuit waill ya mar him kon, 
IhiM gmitb takyaajn, fUl olaily by hit man. 

ITalfaw^ Is. 101, Ma 

WMb obiK and bal, and partia eoto with aiiia 
Ha Mb i«ll him ana tela, fond in hU yd'riiL 

Tlik lam aaonn alUod to A.-S. /cmt, iter, greaaoa, 
U. id. tei prafaetio^ ooniitatiia } atfard^ modv% 
Ina; mSn 8a.-0. far^ agero^ Ihro^ p. 43(^ or 
dooan, Bot it cannot be denied that it aome- 
Ooenn im. % aenae Tory aimiUr to that of A.-S. 
fmrK WDtti% or Alem. ybmno, f onna. 

Apr bar Aa aame aignifiration and aonree. Eipe- 
aU^M danotinff milituy prepamtion or equipment, 
il aaj bo inmeoiately traced to Sii;-0. q^cKro^o, to 
mmi mraj» abla(BK% mittarab from q/", from, and 
fufd^a^ 9k dariT. firom'/or-o^ profioiad, and of the 

FAIB| Fatb, Fab, t. 1. Solemn or osten- 
iatioot prepaimtioii. 

— Ha tba«dit be wald, in bla lyir, 
Ooa hva young len, and hya wm 
And at thai paiMament ilWadidM 
int pat>lqfr and aokarnvt^^ 

^4|Bban Mr eommyn waa the day, 
Tbatordanyt fbr the weddyn waa^ 
The Arlau and the Lord ef Douglaai 
Obme to Berwick, with meUU/or, 
And broQoht yovng Dawy with thafan thar. 

Aid., vir. 88. MEL 

f. Fnmnl aokmnity. 

Thai did to ttat dceghty ai Mtf (faif aw. 
Utbir Imt of the folk foondla to the fair^ 
That wee li^ la Ma tfadi^ be the day can daw. 

0aiea» oimI (ML, UL 7. 

ThH/air hare daarlrdeiiotea the aolemn ritea fnwvug 
m daa I0 tho dead, and vrtpa r td for them. 

Oecm. f ff tm^ to oelebnte, ftfi^ a featiTity, n 
aal8BBity.>^Fr-la^ a faatiTal day ; Alem.>lr-<m, 8q.-0. 
ft^ oalabnra. Some deriTO theee terma from Germ, 
tmna^ aa if fijfrtn merely ai^^nificd to lie ht np the 
•t tiba proper aeaaona, which were kindled in 
V of Aa heathen deitiea, by the ancient Oennana. 
Othan now tiio term aa orimnalnr denoting/re-aaaraAip. 
BbI aa BanyOothloL aa weU aa Celtic teraia, reapecting 
laKicbB, were introdoced by the Latina, it ia more pro- 
bdile UmI thia word waa formed from Lat. /er-io, a 
hoUday; whanoa alao Jt, foire^ E. and S. /air, a 

Ml foBr aatiafiad that thia ought to be 
aa radinaHy diffiweiit i^om the praoeoing word. 


idaaa anggaatad by both areTary coogeniaL 

FAIR, 8. Business, affair. 

Thia ikh man, be he had hard thia tail, 
MH aad in mynd he woz baith wan and paiL 
And te UnMeUii he aakL aiekand fiiU aair. 
AllaeaL how now 1 thia la an haiaty/air. 

Thk may be contracted from Wt, ofairt. Or the ob- 

made by Xyrwhitt may here apply ; thatybre 

to hnTO oeen derived from the Fr. t. /Wre, 

it can be interpreted by the word ado /* aa 

lliiAafc/ir«;T. 8887. if Aol amotcN<eM otf <A«a /aiv / 


• FAIR, adj. Ajpt, ready, likely; •'I wadna 
like to com ia his gnips, for he wad be/otr 
to waor me.** ^ Gtin he gang into that 
trade, he*ll be /otr to loss the wee pennie 
that he has to tiie fore ; " Benf rews. 

Apparently aaellipaia for "ha will be in a fairway." 

Faib-oa*in, forU adj. 1. Smooth-tongued, 
having great appearance of civility, fodi., 
Fife., synon. FoMrfoiainL 

"They— keepit wed in wi' their maatera^ an' war 
diacraet tx^ fait'CcCm to a* body.*' Saxon and Qael, i. 

*' My Lady Datcheea ia an' anld-faran', /air<a*U 
kimmer : 111 warrand ahell no aell her bene m a rainy 
day." Ibid., iii. 100. 

Thia ia eridently q. ea*mg or driviqg fairiif or can- 

2. Flattering, wheedling, cajoling, ibid., 

[To FAIB, Fatb, v. n. To travel, go, fare, 
jooraey. Barbour, ▼• 486, Skeat's £kL 

A.-8. /Smm, to go^] 

Faird, $. 1. Passage, course. 

"The maater gart all hie maiynalia ft 'men of veyr 
bald them ijniet at reat^ be raeon that the moovng of 
the pepil Titht ia ane achip^ atoppia hyr of byryoira.** 
OompL S., p^ 6&. 

2. Expedition, enterprise. 

"He haa ever ainoe bended hia whole wita, and em- 
ployed all hia power, to make hia laat and greateat 
/ajra ineTitable. ' - Proclamation conoeraing rnilip of 
Spain, Galderwood, p. 312. 

None gained br thcae bloody ybinCt, 
Bat two thrae Mg^pia who tnni'd lairda ; 
Who ataaling pablick geeae and weddera. 
Were fred, by randaring akin and feathera. 

CoMtt Mock Poem, P. L, p. 85. 

I heaitate whether the terpi, aa need in the examploa 
here given, ought not rather to be rendered " n haaty 
and violent e&rt, a atrong temtwraij or momentary 
exertion.'' Thia ia the only aenae in which it continnee 
to be oaedby the peaaantry in Lothian ; aa, " Let them 
alane ; it'a bat tk faird ; itll no laat lang, they'll no win 
far afore ua : " " I'm for conatant work ; I dinna like a 
fairdy and awa' wi't that way." 

[3. Bustle, swagger ; as, to make a faird^ to 
raise a row. iT. under the more common 
form Fard.] 

Thia ia evidently the aame with Sa.-0. fo^rd, iter, 
cnraoa ; whence ia formed haafaerd, ezpeditio mili- 
ttfia, from/or-o, ire. 

FAlRDixa, parL Violent blowing. 

The boriall Uaata, with mony achoat, 

They thodit throw tne treia : 
Wtth rainiing tad/airding. 
On hie the fler fleia. 

BunTt Piigr,, Waimm*9 COL, il 17. 

IhrdtB ia naed, Doog. Vixgil, for violent blaata of 
wind. V. Famd, a. 

FAIRDED, part. pa. Painted, disguised. 
V. Fabd, v. 




FAIRDIE, adj. Passionate, irascible. To 
grow/mrdiet to get into a passion, Ajm. 

** I aUim hM gMo ours hr wi' yon } an' off I haa 
aoMMMdluiASiow/aMie.'* Edin. Mag., April, 1821» 

GaaL /nm fmrgOiM, angers Jkargaek, angry, 
paarionata ; fiarg^am^ to Yex, to fret. 

To FAIREWELL, V. a. To bid farewell to. 

— ^'fty bk doctrine^ and allow, or diaallow thereof 
as it agriea with the word. — ^After tryeU if thon findet 
it sound, good and wholeeome, keep it ; if not, /alrewf U 
^ knd not thy eare any Ion|pBr to it** EoUock on I 
Thoa., puS26w 

FAIR FA', well betide, good luck to. Fair 
fano ye, an expression of one's good wishes 
for. the person to whom it is addressed; 
sometimes of coamiendation,.when one has 
done well, S* 

<'>Wr ybi0^ a tenn of wishing welL" Tim 

#Mr/i' ilk canny ealdgy carl t 
Wed miKf he bnuk his new apparel t 

U9^9 aaUr Oun, p. 14. 

Aa it wonld not appear that tiie original term, in any 
of the Bortham langitagee, aaeomee a eubetantive form, 
this phraee aeema elliptical ; q. may a fair or happy 
lot^ or ^anoe^ b^^ tna peraon or persona spoken of 


Li thia aenaa it is applied to hoar-frost, which, while 
H Mspean beantifttl to the ^e^ ia noxious to the tender 

Te driaUag ihow^ descend t bvt fra the fields 
Iby whiteyhuVbrrm frosts keep far awa I 

Damdmm*9 Seasons, p. & 

FAXR-FASHIONED, Faib-fassint, adj. 
Haying great appearance of discretion 
without the reality^ having great complai- 
sance in manner, S. Fair-fasnnt is the 
pronnnciation in Angus. 

**¥•«!• aye aae/air-/a«A*oii«ef, Maister Austin, that 
thare'a soaroa ony aaying again ye.** St. Johnstoun, 

**H4gh, airs, aae/bir-/a«AJofiet{ aa we aret Mony 
folk aa* me M isU e s s Wilson, and. Milnwood is the only 
ana abont the toon thinks o* ca'ing me Alison, and 
indaed he as aften eays Mistress Auson aa ony uther 
thing." Talea of my Landlord, ii. 103. 

Vnm/air uad/assomt q. t. 

FAIRFLEI, $. A great eruption on the skin. 
When this takes jplace, one is said to be in 
a perfect /atr/Ktf, Selkirks. It also signifies 
to be overrun with the itch. It is a com- 
mon phrase, ** He*s a* in ^faxrfi^ — he wad 
break o'er a stick,^ Roxb. 

ft. fiarfmutt'tr, to mffle, to cmmple with riflinff ; 
or a oor mp tion ol Fr. furfures, bran, alio dandruff; 
q. having the akin as rough as bran? 

FAIR-FOLK, «. Fairies. V. Farefolkis. 

FAIR-FUIR-DAYS. V. Fure-dayis. 

FAIR-ORASS, 9. Bulbous crowfoot, or 
Buttercups, Ranuiysulus bulbosus, Linn.; 

said to be denominated from the white- 
ness of the under part of the leaf, Teviot- 

FAIR-HAIR, $. The name given to the 
tendon of the neck of cattle or sheep; 
Stirlings. ; Fixfax synon. 

Hair, the last syllable of the word, may be viewed 
as a trsnslation of that of the e^rnonymous term ; A.-S. 
ftax, AXsnu/ahs, signifying hair. 

FAIRHEID,^. Beauty, fairness ; Dunbar. 
FAIRIN, Fabne, part. pa. Fared, from/are. 

" Advertise me tjrmely in the morning how ye hane 
fairm, for I will be in pano onto I get worde.*^ Lett 
Detection Q. llary, H. 4, a. 

The Kinc than at thams speryt yame, 
How thu, sen he thaim seyae, hsd/ame, 

' - ,iiL647,Ma CBanoer.ybrwi. 

FAIRIN, Fairino, $. 1. A present given at 
^fair; like 'K. fairing. 

2. Metaph. a drubbing, S. 

*'Bnt BCaokay wiU pit him [ClaTerhonse] down, 
there's little doubt o* that ; he'll gie him his fairing, 
in be caution for it." Talee of my Landlord, ir. 161. 

" My oerty, there was ana o* them got hia /airm — 
hall no faah us." Rag. Dalton, i. 262. 

FAIRLY, adv. Surprisingly; fairly. few^ 
exceedingly few, S.B. 

Bat O the nnko gadna that was there 
Upon poor Nory, an* aer gentle squire ; 
An' eathing some and lome anither said. 
ButybtWy/no of fsultipoor Norr f^eed. 

itosf's Hkmtors, Fint Ed., p. OS. 

Verf/ew, Ed. Third, p. 96. V. Fxrlt, v. 
A.-S. /aarlice is used aa an adv,, but in the aenaa of 
anbito^ repentine. 


FAIRNEY-CLOOTS, s. pi The small 
homy snbstances above the hoofs, where 
the pastern of a horse lies, but said to be 
found only in sheep or goats, Ettr. For. 

" Here's a tyke wi' cloven doots like a ^t, faimeff 
doois and a' thegither." Perib of Man, iii. 33. 

Shall we suppose that thia term haa any connezioii 
with IsL Dan./aar, ovis ; q. the dools of Aeepf A.-S. 
JSrffim-^ai denotes a wild goat. 

FAIRNTICKL'D.od;. Freckled. V. Ferni- 


FAIRNTOSH, 9. The name appropriated 
to aquorvitat^ formerly distilled in the vil- 
lage of this name in Ross-shire, disting- 
uished by the strong flavour it has acquir- 
ed in conseauence of the use of peat-fuel in 
its preparation, S. 

"/aisAofM it was, which nerer wiU eqoal FainUosik^ 
in my own mind, while the world ia a world." Clan- 
Albin, iii. 1S3. The name of Iniskane ia given to that 
which is reckoned the best of Irish distillation. 

FAIR STRAE-DEATH, death in the com- 
mon course of nature. V. Strac-death. 




FAIBT GREEN, Faibt Riiro. A small 

.drde often observed on old leas or heath, 

of a deeper green than the surrounding 

award, Tuigarly believed to be the spot on 

' which the Tmrfet hold their dances. 

. **Ttmj B«T«r faOad to poor <mt the fall cap of their 
fiMMDM upon tibobon DMdi of thoM infatiuited bus- 
KMwmtn wfio-dwrad to vioUte their peculiar greens, or 
to ttor vp with the plough thoee boMitif ul etrclete con 
Montedto thoir moonlight roToli. For or -"' — ^ 
tho popalarihjniio ^— 

** He vha tflk the>btrv mm, 

Aa' he wbe ipiUs the fury rinff, 

Bettde hfan went tad wm : 
flor weiidlsM deji en' weary nights 

lie his tm his dsssa day/* 


**BBltho olTeo — ^wero pr op ortionally kind to such 
•e ne p eetod thoir rights, and left their haunts iuTiol- 
stau Wo 'haro the aaoie standard for this that we 
hafo lor thoir vindietive spirit. 

** He wha gaes by theybtiy grtem^ 
Vae dnle aor pine sail aee ; 
Am he wha dsana the/owy vuut, 
Aa easy death aaU dee.'' 

MdmL Mog^i J^. 1919, p. 19. 

FAIRT-HAMMEB, $. A species of stone 
hatchet, S. 

* " ** JUrw-AomMcra are pieoes of ortfen porphyry, shaped 
liko tiio head of a hatchet, aad which were probably 
aaed ao anek before the introduction of iron. They 
MO BOt onfroqueatly found in the isles, and are pre- 
served anong other relics with which the Highlanden 
aisdicats^ or rather charm the water they dnnk, as a 
ramodj in particular diaeasea." CUm-Albin, ii. 240. 

FAIRT-HILLOCES, pL Verdant knolls, 
in many parts of the countiy» so-called 
from thie vnlgar belief that thej were long 
ago the homes or haunts of the fairies, or 
that thegr used to dance there, S. 

Theao hflloohs are more particulariy deacribed in the 

of Sootlaad— inhabit the interior ci 

Idlls^ ohiel^ thoee of a conical form, in Gaelic 

d ^%plbMy on which they lead their dancea by 

■wnnKght ; imp rsB si ng upon the surface the mark m 

oiiulsi, wlnok a ome tim es aopear yellow and blasted, 

^ aometimea of a deep green hue ; and within which it 

' ia daageroas to amp, or to bo found after sunset.'* 

MiBBtrslsy Bolder, ill 224. 

The Tory sauM superstition stiU remaina in Sweden. 
Tho language of Ihre oouTeys precisely the latter idea. 
Aiffikuui^ ita vooantur drculi, qui in piatis oemuntur 
kMOori ndere vivore. Credit tulgus hic aaJtaaae Al/o$, 
V. 0iai Magni Hist, Lib. 3, e. 10. At^f, genius, and 

4tm$, aaltatio. Y. FAanouas. 


FAIKY RADE, the designation given to the 
expedition made hj the r'airies to the place 
in which they are to hold their great annual 
banquet on the first of Mbj^ S. 

** At the first i^proach of summer is held the Fairy 
Madt; and thenrmerty minstrelsy, with the tinkling 
of their horses* housings, and the hubbub of Toices, 
have kept the peasantry in the Scottish villa^ awake 
oa the first night of summer. — *!' the night afore 
Roodsmass, I hSd tmted wi* a neeber lass :— we had 
aa Butfeen laag aaeath tiie haw-buaa till we heard the 

loud langh of fowk riding, wi* tho Jingling o* bridles, 
and the clanking o' hoofs. — We gloured roun and roun, 
and sune saw it was the Ihirie Fouk^ Bade.* '* Be* 
mainaofNithsdaleSong,p^298,209. V. Radx. 

[To FAISE, V. n. V.Faize.] 

[FAISJNS^ t. pL V.Faizins.] 

FAIT, $. 1. To lo$€ fait y a thing, to lose 
one's good opinion of it, o. 

A litoraiy friend viewB Fail as a corr. of fiiiih^ 
which often in S., and sometimee in E., fignifiee ho- 
nesty, worthiness of trust, or good opinion. 

This aseau to be originijly a Fr. expression; perfaape 
hom/aire, file de, to joy in, to be proud of, to make 
mndi of ; from /sate, /fte, a feast. 

FAIZART, Fesart, 9. 1. A hermaphrodite 
of the gallinaceous tribe, Roxb. 

I can scarcely suppose that this has any affinity to 
8a.-0. /oa^ Toren ; used to denote any object that 
excites horror. The last syllable n&ight be from ari, 
indoleo ; q. of a horrible nature or character. 

2. Applied to a puny man who has little of 
the masculine appearance, ibid. 

3. Also used to denote an impudent person, 

To FAIZE, Feaze, Faise out, v. n. 1. A 
term applied to cloth that has been rent, 
when the threads separate from each other* 
and assume the form of the raw material, S. 

It ia aometimea written Feaze, 

" Feaze—fo have the woof at the end of a piece of 
doth, or ribband, rubbed out from the warp ;" Gl. 
Surv. Nairn. 

2. ^'To have the edge of a razor, or other 
sharp instrument, turned out to a side, in- 
steaa of being blunted by use," ibid. 

"That thread 'U no go throuffh the eye of the needle ; 
its 9,*/eabed at the point." "Get a Terrule put to your 
staff, the end oVs a'/atz'cf." 

O. E. /ecK has been used in the same sense. It is 
thus ezpL by Sir Thomas Smith, in his book de Ser^ 
mone Anglka, printed by Robert Stephens, 4to : " To 
febe, meana in fila diducere.** 

Teut aofae, vrae, fibre, capillamentum, festuca ; KiU 
ian. Hence Belg. vezel, a hairy strings as that of a 
root ; veaef-ea, to grow stringy ; vezelig, stringy. 

Faizixs, Faisiks, 9. pL The stringy parts 
of cloth when the woof is rubbed out from 
the warp, S. ; Feazings, Roxb. 

To FAIZLE, V. a. To coax, to flatter, S. B. 

Su.-G. ftuda, per dolum et dandcatinas artes aver- 
tere, Ihre ; to carry off by guile ; fau^ to flatter, in 
whatever way. 

To FAKE, v.a. 1. To give heed to, Orkii. 
2. To believe, to credit ; ibid. 

Tout faek-en, apprehendero ; IsL /oa, faeek, capere, 
aocipere, adipisd. 

The tranaiticm ia obviously made from the apprehen- 
sion of Uie meaning of an assertion, to the reception of 
the testimony. 

_. ■ -AdMk^ 




FAKES. By my faU$^ a minced oath, 

If. BiottM^f 2Vae^ pi a y. Faik, and Faxsi. 

FAELESS. v. FscsLEsa. 

To FALD, Fauld, v. a. To enfold, S. 

— WU wfllibuld 7«re MM Md«, 


G^wMTf IcM. irHhtdaU Oimg, p. 887. 

A.-& /boU^ns pUcara. 

FALD, Fauu), «. 1. A fold, a sheep-fold, S. 

13m worth of aU ttittt rack wi^tomr^^w^ 

S. An inclosore of any kind ; applied to an 
army intrenched with stakes. 

bebaoM y not Flirigianis, that twj\B tak is, 
lb he inciiiiit amyd ana/olil of stokis f 
And he aaaagtit agana M oft ajis, 
With aUmpylla and dykia on ^wyi ! 

A.A /olae* /aW; Alom. laL fold, Su.4>. /a««ei. 
Lb B.iW-a| aepiam aTii^*^'""» Sibb. fancifully de- 
iiTca this "q. /oe4eU from /ah, inimicoa (wolf or fox) 
and Jii«tf«S unpeiUin, originiUly made of pW 
iMald, npboo for hoUSg/e w riieep. ' But it la 
•ndently fiom Hoea^./ai3-am A.^. feald-an, Sn.-0. 
Jkal<u plican. SitUmlum^ propria yero aeptum ex 
■kipiwNis cnttboaqao in temm defixia oomplicatiaque 
ft^S""* y. Spelmnn, to. Falda ; Juniua, GL Goth. 
vo. Faidam. Ihra dariTea /adla^ n fold, from faell-a, 

To Fald, Fauld, v. a. To inclose in a fold, 
S. Sw, faella faaty to inclose sheep. 

Sihb. has ohaerred thnt "the Saxon huabandmen 
w«ro ohlifled commonly to fold their aheep upon the 
ftt li^ f oftho hMidk>cd, for the benefit of the dung ; 
which aenritudc waa called /oltfrnnH/.** It waa^ 
5;a lM Mdmca, or the privilege of having anch a fold ; 
L. B./aM(vtem, IL/aXdage, alao /M-coune, and/nw- 
Md, The money paid by the Taaaal to his anpenor, 
te being freed from thia obligation, waa called in A.-S. 


The ahecp-heid ateeks hia/raUiay aUp, 

ihinia, ilL 287. 

Fald-diks, 9. A wall of tnrf, smroanding 
the space appropriated for a fold, S. 

— '*Andfrmthat wcle aacended up an aid /oM (f f/£ 
to the hill, and ftm thence deacendand down the hill- 
ayde till a moaa,^ ke. Merohca of Biachop Brynnea, 
14S7, Cart Aberd., F. 14. 

To FALD, V. n. [To fall], to bow, to bend, to 
submit, S.; [;wr«. /mi. jfe Wyn, fallen. Bar- 
hour, xi. 547, Skeat's £d.] 

Quhen I your hewtle do hehald, 
iBunnntoyourfainiM/aM. ^ •_ _ ... . 
PAOoCstS. Pink. SL P. R., hi 5. 

or th' yiandera, thou forced for to/iM, 
Such aa daboit^d fkom thy obedienoe dam. 

Oitrden'9 TkaUrt, p. 14. 

1m thia senae the term aeema to be need by Wyntown. 

Bot Fortowna, thowcht acho/iM fekiUy, 
Win ncucht at ania my«:heflb fSdh 

Ovn., fiU. 83. 184. 

This, accocding to Mr. Macphemon, «' aeema pret. of 
fULwliich appears to be vverium, tkr^w daum, Ol. 
But the idea >■ Dot natnraL #Wtf apparen^ aigmfica 
bend, ss denoting the Tariable character attnbnted to 
Fortune; fromA.-a ftM^n^ pUcaie, need metaph. 
FaUiaaAt aignify, to let faU; if thero wero ^y ex- 
ampIeS its being naed m thia actiTC aenae. Sn.-0. 
M^Mtt^ however, aigmfios to fit together, to aaao- 
date. FaeOa mimmum aaJttr, to join different awua*- 
tiona together ; hence/altin, aptna. Italaosignifieato 

ahed, toletfaU. 

" Nayther the a pertie wald /odd to the nther, nor 
y«l fiondfltCT'^ to ony midds.** Hiatorie Jamea Sext, 

[ProfeaaorSkeai has pointed out that <*the inaeition 
of the • excteaoent • «l is a mero peculiarity of pronun- 
ciation due to ScandinaTian mfluenoe— the I>sniah 
fonn of the verb to fodl being infin. /aide, p. p. fatden 
ot/aUeL y. »Mat'a Barbour, p. 681.] 

ITajldino, s. Falling, downfall, reverse. 

Barbonr, xiii. 632, Skeaf s Ed.] 
FALD. V. Anefald. 

— *<Speciallie the bugeaaea and inhabitantia of Edin* 
burgh, toaaaiat, and takeane/ald and plane pairt with 
n« iSuie furtherance to deUver the QueeuM maiat nobiU 

peraoune furth of thraldonm,*' 4bc. Andenona GolL, 

^ Thia term haa been_pointed out to me by a ▼eiy 
acute correapondent. »it the word aho^d undoubt- 
edly have been printed amrfaUt, Le. upright. 

F-^LDERALL, 9. 1. A gewgaw ; most com- 
monly in pU S. ; synon. FallraU. 

••Gin ye dinna tie him til a job that he canna get 
qnat o*, he'U flee frae ae/oltlenitf tilanither a' the daya 
o'hialife." Hogg's IWlea, i. 0. 

2. Sometimes nsed to denote idle fancies or 
conceits, S. 

A tenn apparontly formed from the unmeaning re- 
petitions in aome old aonga. 

FALE,s. Turf, &c. V.Fail. 

To FALE, V. n. To happen, to take place. 

'That done of hia counaal wea, 
Tyl hald thalm in aaare sikkyniea 
Than nar-hand a aa ba-aid, 

Evidently the earns with E. /aU; S^-Q./atta, 

FALK, Fauk, s. The Razor-bill, a bird ; 
Alca torda, Linn. 

"Tho bird, by the inhabitanta called the Falk, the 
Razor-biU in the Weet of EngUnd, the Awk, in Uie 
North, the Mum, in Cornwall, Alca HoieH, la a auw 
£«rSan the Laff." Martin'a St. Kilda, p. 83. y. 

Fair, a. 

FALKLAND-BRED, adj. Eani\'alent to 
"bred at court f Falkhmd in Fife havinc 
been the favourite residence of several 
princes of the Stewart family. 

Fnrfh ataited aebt a pnuy Uade, 

And out a maiden took; 
They aaid that ha waa FaUi2a]ui-&r«if, 

aUa daaoad by the book. 

Anaa«>^ / OkriK** iTir*, a IL, at ft 

•'The artleaa and undiaguiaed sxpreaaion toucheo 
the heart mote than all the courtly magnificence that 





hid«d tiMir TOMi with." OmiMk'iBMB. NithidAla 

To FALL^ 9. II. 1. To fall t(s m one's 
* portioQi pioiic^ncy S« 

Am nU, n» Miwl/rffo mt; 
Vik MttM bif and foM fhuML 

TMtKmli VMdiB thiiwiMe m aa Artof Jft. VL 


*^Tluil qahair bgieiM ir left to the «xeqiiatoiiru, 
lh«r mU DOt/hff bothe the widw Imcies and a third 
fcf nia p w aent act : bot th« aaldia Mgainrea aalbe im- 
piila aBa aUowed to thame in pairt of payment of 
ttairthiid." Ed. 1816^ p. 515. 

^ Bot mi thair ba bot only waid, and the air is en- 
iHit baloir aae tetm lin in noa-entra^ efter the com- 
paaaiaa of Mia watd ; in that cab the King /o/Zm na 
lalioi. Mtt only the maiUis dnrinff the time of the 
vafd.** Balf jor'a Ptnot., p. 645w V. Faw, V. 

p. To have aright to; henoe^ to clainv to act 
at right. 

A prfnee can mak a beltad knl^t, 
A maraiia, dake, and a' ttat : 
Bnt an Boncct man's shoon his ani^t. 
Chdd *V*V he ■**■*** fs* that. 

~ •Fera'that^'te.] 

8,. To be one's torn, by rotation, or according 
to fixed order. It/awiimenaw^S. 

To FALL, V. fi. To be (Mie's chance, to 

'*Aft lioaltne (whan yon will/iff to dine) enaviie 
for tho aaonaatery when the body of Monsr. Mont- 
matukof la intenedt yon may aee a Tery stately mo- 
ofmaible.'' &r. A. fialfoar'B Lstt* pi H 85. 

To FALL, Fa', v. n. To disintegrate, as 
bunt limestone in consequence of being 
slaked, or as day when frostbitten, S. 

"Ilia frequently spiead npon Iqp pranons to bieak- 
ipa vp lor Mta. ' In this case it ia carried whenerer 
a liiiauie day oocora, and is laid down in cartloads on 
Ifca end ridgiM of the fields where it rsmaina till it has 
/bOm."* Agr. Snrr. Kincard., p. 373. 

To Fall or Fa' 2y, v. n. 1. To be lost or 
disappear for a time,' [to be kid aside], S. 

«*Chmfa papers of thai kind cannot be kstor/oa 
If.** Bathecldrd*B Lett, p. IL, ep. SSw 

S. To be sick, or affected with any ailment, 
8.; evidently as including the idea that one 
ia laid oiide from work, or frcnn making 
his usual appearance in public. 

8. In a more definite sense, to be confined in 

Thsva ia a Sw. phrase neatly allied to this : Hon 
MMT jpoa/aUoMtde fci; She is near her reckoning; 
Widsg.; hterally, ue soes upon a falling foot. We 
hnTO another phrase^ nowever, which contains the 
■ame alloaioB to the foot. She ha$ ifftU iMt/ooi^ synon. 
with. She ktufa^'n 6y. 

To Fa' bt <m€*$ best, to be sleepless. 

To Fall or Fa' tn, v. n. 1. To sink; as, 
^His een's/s'ii vt," his eyes are sunk in his 
head^ S. 

This ia n Sw. idiom; (kgomemfaUa in, the mrea sink, 

2. To become hollow; as, **His cheeks are 
/o'fi th," his cheeks are collapsed, S. 

3. To subside. 7^iMi<^s«au*/a'ntn, the ri- 
ver has subsided much ; apphed to it after 
it has been swelled by rain, S. 

To Fa' in HAin>s wt one, to enter into court- 
ship with one, with a view to marriage, S. 

To Fall, or Fa' tn twa^ a vulgar phrase 
used to denote childbearing, S. 

Sbe/eff tn tew, wi' littis din. 
An' hams the getlin' esrry'd 
r the creel that day. 

Fkkm's Poemi, 1788, p. Ml 

To Fall or Fa' m tvT, v. a. To meet with, 
either accidentally, or in consequence of 
search; applied both to persons and to 
things, S. 

"I fell in, among the rest, wUh a maist creditable 
elderiy man, something of a qnaker, it would seem, by 
the sobriety of his attire.** The Steam-Boat, p. 178. 

To Fa' o' (of), to abate, Aberd. 

To Fa' o'er, v. n. 1. To fall asleep, S. 

"There waa a terrible hiUibaloo on the road, and 
Ellen Hesketh came to my door and wakened me.— I 
hadjast/aa«}toMr." Bsg. Dalton, i. 286. 

2. To be in childbed; or as is now very 
indefinitely expressed, to be confined, S. 

To Fall or Fa' out,v.n. 1. To make a sally. 

"Major John Sinclair at Trepto, in making a tain 
shew of a bad game^ — not haying a hundred mnsketiers 
within the touie in all, nevertheless yistf ovt with fiftio 
amongst a thoosand, and skirmished bravely," Ac. 
Monro's Exped., P. IL, p. 28, 29. 

Belg. nyfooi^en, id. 

[2. To quarrel, to come to blows, Clydes.] 

Ta Fa' throw, v. a. 1. To relinquish anv 
undertaking from negligence or laziness, o. 

2. To bungle any business ; as it is said of a 
public speaker, when he loses his recollec- 
tion, and either stops entirely, or speaks 
incoherently, ^'He/eu through his discourse," 

8. To lose, to come short of. It is often said 
to a traveller, who has arrived late, *^I fear 
ye've /a*n Arough your dinner between 
towns, S* 

4. To defeat any design bv mismanagement. 
Thus it is often said of a voung woman, 
^By her foolish airs, she's Ai'n through her 
marriage, o. 

Bel|^ doarvatt'tn, to fall thitwgh. 




To FalLi or Fa' wi ioirfs to become preg- 
Jianit S. 


How blMM*«d Knit hdl/i^ii wT temk - 

bL /m li used in m timiUr mom^ 6mi&ting ibm 
Msnaaqj of oatU*; fuetpen foeium, gSgnan, O. 
Aaor., D.'6S, But tins Mont to be oolj « peeidiar 

To FALL. Wynt. viL 88. 134. Y. Fald» 

FALL, (jir(m*/aw) $. A measure nearijr 
equal to an IL perch or rood, S.; including 
six ells aqnare, o. 

••Th&n h tw» Mnteo of /o/H tho ana IiumII, tho 
▼tfMT MiporficiAU : Tho Itneall fall is ano HMtwmnd, 
led, or nipb of aaz aliMa laaft qahairbo length and 
bndth ace aeoerally met. Xae sapeHiciaU /aU of 
lapde^ ia a^ meikle boondea of landea, aa aqoairiy con- 
taina ana linaaU faU of hradth, and ane lineaU fatt of 
laBflth.** Skene, Verb. Sign. to. /torOeote. 

whaa be aaj8» in the aame place, that "aa meikle 
laoda^ aa in meaaoring/b/ief vnder the rod, or raip^ 
IB length ia called ane fall of measore ;" be aeema to 
derive the iPdtd from uie t. falL Bat /bl7 ia aynoo. 
with riL For it ia eridentiy the aame wiUi Sa.«0. /aU^ 
pattic% n pole or peceb. The inhabitanta of Gothbuid 
naayUSa in tho aame aenae ; alao for a ataff or cndgeL 
U. fak alwaya denotea the handle of a apear. Stt.-0. 
wtujmU) ia mrnon. with/ale, fnatia, pertica. 

Thia ia eridentiy a Tory ancient term. For Ulphilaa 

naaa walanalor atafb^ thejpL of wal-tts, Ihre raekona 
La*, watt-mi, a atake or pauaade^ a kindred word ; and 
o b aa r raa thai the Ceita prefix g. C. K Aim. gwalem, 
whaooe I^. gtfule^ a rod or pole. Thoa it appean thai 
wo bare raoeiTod thia name for a meaanray aa well aa 
ra^ firom the Soandinaviana. V. Haip, Fatt^ /aw, 
ia tM only teim need for a rood in S. 

FALL» Fa w, «• A trap ; MoM$€'/aw^ a trap 
for catching mice, S. 

Hooaaa I half enow of grit defenoe, 
Ofcat,aoryfa0aortmp, Ihaifnae drald 

BarrmMtooM Maui, Evergrmn, it 148, at la 

Qerm. faOt, Sa.-0. faOa, Belg. vai, A.-3. featt, 
dedpola; mM^feaiU^ Belg. muyu-wil, a mouae-trap. 
H ia ao denommated, beowae m the fonnataon of a 
tn^ there ia aomething that fatti, and aeevrM the 

FALL, 9* Apparently, scrap or offal^ S. A. 

" O whar are ye gaeiiig, ye beggarly loonf - 
Te*^ nantbtr set lodging nor/a« free me. * 

Be tim*d him aboat, an' the blade it ran down. 
An' hie throat waa a' hackered, an* ghastly waa he. 

Mog^M UoMtUain Bard, p. 18. 

FALLALLS, Falalls, 9. pL Gandy and 
snperfluoos parts of attire, superficial orna- 
ments, S. 

Il ie oaad aa a oant term in E., and expL by Oroae» 
**offBamenta, chiefly women'a, anch aa ribbanoa, neck- 
lace^" fto. CLm. Diet. 

*'It waa an ydle fancir— to dreaa the boncat anld man 
ia thee ezpenaiTe faUaU that he ne'er wore in hie life^ 
inataad o' hie douce raploch grey, and bia band with 
Aa narrow edging." Xaleaof my Landloid, It. 25a 

*I wanner what ye made o' the twa gnuapbiee it 

rhad row^ np amang yonr /(Oo/d." St Fafarick, 

FALLAUOE, Falawdoe, adj. Profuse, 
lavish, AbenL 

Fk*. aokigt, gWyi iiiooiiaidacala ; or O. F^. fdage^ 

FALL-BOARD, s. The wooden shutter of 
. a window, that is not glased, which moves 

backwards and forwards on hinges or 

latches, S. O. 

'*The old woman,— pnllinff a pair of JaB'ioardt be- 
longiag to a window, inatant^ opened [it^ and through 
the apertorae the anidke iaaned m Tolnmee." Blackw. 
Mag., Jane 1820^ p^ 281. 

FALLBRIO, 9. [Fall-bridge, draw-bridcel, 
a sort of bridge, nsed in a siege; so calTeo, 
because the besiegers let it fall on the walls,- 
that they might enter by means of it. 

— Ibai the acbip on na nanar 
Hycbt gar to cam the wall aa nar, 
That t&T /ailMg myeht neych thaitiH, 
For oocht thai mycht, god or ilL 

Awtoar, zriL 410, Ma 

FALLEN STARS, «. JeUy iremelh^ S. 1. 
Tremella Nostoc, Linn.; a gelatinous plant, 
found in pastures, &c^ after rain. 

2. On the sea-coast the Medusa aeqnorea, or 
Sea-nettle, is often called /albn stor, S. 

It baa a aimilar name in Sw., **8kg-/aB, Le. frag- 
mentnm nimbi." Linn. Hor. Succ, IISS. 

To FALLOW, r. a. To follow, S. 

SteriT the beboffis, lei than then war fnkynd, 

Aa for to leif thy brothir deaolate 

All hyme allane, ita/aUow the aamyn gate. 

. Ihai, VirgO, 83S. SI 

Hera the E. rataina the original Towel aa in A.-S. 
fotg-km, Alem. foig-tn, Belg. votg-ea; while the S. 
changea it. Thia ia a aingnlar inatance. 

FALOW, Fallow, 9. 1. Fellow, associate. 

Jhona the Sowlya that like yhera 
Wyth Jhon Cwmynt /alow and fere 
Aa a waidane of Scotland. -— i— 

Wfotowa, ria 1& 12& 

It ia fatt fUr for to b^/attow, and fair. 

T» the beat that has been beerit yon beforne. 

Oamam aad CfoL, I 92, 

JblowoiMlArearaaynon. terma. fJsiLJUagL] 

2. A match, one thing suited to another, S.; 
like E.f€Uow. 

** And vf ather lealme chancea to have maa billia 
fylit nor the other aall haTc^ eic billia to be deliverit 
withont/cUtow." Articnlia,ftc9adler'aPapera,L 459. 
i.e. "aingly,""byitaelf." 

Goth. /«Mur, aodalitinm, commnnitaa, afoeiga, aeqni. 
Scran. V. Fellow. 

To Fallow, v. o. To equal, to put on a 

footing with. 

And let no nettill Tyle, and fUl of vyce, 
Htr/aUow to the gadly flonr-de-lyce. 

Dumbar, Bannatytu Poeau, p. S., at. SOL 

To FALS, V. a. To falsify. 

** The pepill war nocht aa neclimnt in thay dayie aa 
thay ar nou to manawere there goddia, or tofaU there 
woudia." Bellend. T. Lir., p. 235-e. 





FALS AB, Fausabie, «• A falsifier, a forger. 

«^-4U«C JtONt lU Tyh, and in Ifkmwjm oar 
MMHUM Xady, maia leiis for ordoariiiff of 

]loteri% and pwilaelioiiMiit of /a^toriff." AeU Mor. 
158^0; 18^ Wit. 1M6^ o. 44» Mnrny. 

**& IIm ■on lit of any wiyter to the agnot ihoU 
adhOitoldomMtonMilMmptioo too bill of mispeiiaioii, 
^otinrbiH oaed to bo drowii by wrytert^—tiieT will 
ffoeoid ifMiift and piiniah these pemna as faluriei 
and ftMSSffs of writes.'^ Aeta Sed. Jnly nit. 167a 

Lb K Jblwrfcis iUeruntm. ooi litacaa savDOiiit toI 

Lb Bb Jblwrfcis Uierantm, qoi 
•dalftsnti a I^./«ilia<re» id. 

Ta FALSE a dcme^ to deny the equity of a 
•entencet and appeal to a superior court. 

*'Tbal tiM dooM goTiB in the Jastioe are of Dmm- 
frsaib kfaUU and sgaine eallit be nuuster Adam Ook- 
beno fonpekar, Ae. was weile geriik A eril again 
calfit.'* Pari. Ja. m., A. 1409, sl I8I4, p. 94. 

Lb Bb/blfore/wfieMMS appeUare a jadictob 

FATuSET, Falsette, Falsit, «• 1. Fals- 
hood. [Barbour, L 377.] 

l^rUi has aas fiiiyr ym^bo t^Witf fkrii better. 

9« A foijjery. 

^ CBBajddoring tho greit and mony yblKflit doylie 
^doBO Within thia realme bo Notaris,^thaiilbir it is 
■tatnl%'* Ao. Aets Mar. 16SS, c'44, abi sop. 
Ol Wf^/tmlutt, id. SiL-O. faUAHf Torsiitia. 

FALT, Faute, Fawt, $. Want, of what- 

Bet that war wondir for to ftlU 
Bia mgJkuU off diicrstioiuL 

BMcwnvi 845, Ma 

Am gad Wsllaee with iDgUssmen wis tane, 
]n>B of heipe, fbr he was him elUtyiie. 

WaUae*, il. 14S; Ha 

llad thoeht he sold, for gTBt neoeMit4, 
AadJinUt off ftade, to steyll out off the Isitd. 

Ihid., tUL 710^ na 

need by itself, to denote want of 

And BOW farjkmi and mister she was spent. 
Aa watsr wed[, and dweble like a bent 

JIatf's irsCmorVvpi 88L 
D^fimddm^O, E. 

Atte last the kyng was t brooght to gronde, 
fdrhoBg«iiard^ac<ofmete,s]asl thilke stoade. 

B. GfeMC, p.8a 

OL fir. >b«fe^ want of any thing ; T9nt,/aMte, def ectoa, 
B^'O./ait/aiUtid, 7%a ihem var foot, iade han Ui ; 
whan aiy thing was wanting he sappUed it, Chron. 
Bhythm, 9f. Ihre i/ainu, Uu/ai-aai, defioere, deesae. 

TW Br. tam is used to denote want of whatoTer 
Imid I 9M,fiaU€ Sargent, araenti inopia ; /avie de moi- 
— teeti mopia s fatUe tU ooire H at manger^ inedia ; 

FALTEN, 8. A fillet, Argyles. 

ThiBiaondantlyGael./1/tosi, "a welt, belt, 
for tho head, mnaodf" Shaw. 

FALTIVE, luf/ Faulty; Ft. fauUif, fayJr 

I And onhair it beis ftindyn faithe, to forbid the 
vnoer tho pain of escheating thaarof als aft as 
iyno/aKtee." Sealof Canseb A. 1496; Bine 
p. 14. 

FAME, Faiic, Feim, $. 1. Foam, S. 

The bittir blsstis, contrarioos alwayis, 

Throw wallii huge, salt/ime, and wUsom wayis. 

And throw ths peirellus roikis, can ts driae. 

DpMtfb nryil, 89L 88. 

2. Passion. In amight^ feimj in ajgreat rage, 
S. B. q. foaming with fury. This, how- 
ever, may be allied to IsL fum^ velox 
feror ; which is also rendered as a subst., 
praeceps motus. O. Andr. p. 80. 

A.-S. fam^faiem^ Germ, /aimi, spnnia. 

To Fabie, V. n. To be ii^ a rage, S. ; fwn^ 

FAMELL, adj. Female. 

Twenty foor chikkenls of thame scho has, 
Twelf maill and tweU/asMtf be cronicalia deir. 

CUMNs Ans^ ▼. 860. 
0. 9V. /ime, f emoUe : Roquefort. 

FAMEN, fl. Foes, foemen. 

Gnthii4, be that, did rycht wmrU in the tona ; 
And Bnwan all dang off thar/imai doun. 

Ifatfaes, Is. 796, Ma 

B ayth sehayme and Hilloiin irs 
Thars brsistis had inflammyt hots as fyrs, 
In the plane Ciild on there /oawn to set 

Domg, VitgO, S7S. 17. 

A.-S. /oAHNon, foe-man, inimicns, Lyo. 

FAMH, 9. A small noxious beast. 

'*In theee mountains, it ia asserted by the ooontry 
peo^Ob that there ia a small qnadruped which they cJd. 
finuL In. snnuner mornings it issnee from its Inridng 
plaoes, omittinff a kind oi j^ntinoos matter fatal to 
fco r sss, if they nappen to eat the grass on which it has 
been depoeiteid. It is somewhat larger than a mole, 
of a brownish colour, with a large headdisproportionate 
to its body. From this deformed appearance, and its 
noxious quality, the word seems to haTo been trans* 
ferred to denote a monster, a cruel mischievous person, 
who^ in the Gaelic Unfoaffe, is usually called %/amkf- 
hear." Stat. Aoc. of Kirkmichael ; cmnmnnicated by 
C. Kirkpatrick Sharpe, Esq. 

• FAMILIAR, adj. Used in the sense of 
confidential, in the phrase ^^famUiar ser- 
rant," Pitscottie, Ed. 1768, p. 81. 

* FAMOUS, adj. 1. Of good character, as 
opposed to tn/omoti^. A famous iot6ieM, 
one to whose character there can be no 

" And as to the reset of James Speul, that the time 
when he came to his house, ho was m a high ferer.^— 
And for proving of this, adduced sevend famous 
witneeses/* Wodrow, 11. 909. 

— "He that maid the requisitioun for saiftie of his 
awin oomis, may cause twa or thr6 of his nichtbouris, 
famomt and unauspect men, cum and iustlie teind the 
samin, and thairerter laid and stak the teindia upon 
the ground of the landis quhair they grew.** A. 1656, 
BaUour'a Pkact., p. 143. 

2. Injurious to the character of another, 
libellous, calumniatory, slanderous. 

— **That na manor of man mak, write, or imprent 
ony biUis, writingis, or balladis, famous or sclanderous 
to ony personn spiritual or temporal, under the Dane 
of deatn, and oonfiscatioun of all his movabill guois.** 
A. 1643. Balfour's Prut, p. 637. 

f AM 



Lb BL/MMiOt Bad« pio Itballw famotit. FamotWt 

2vi mdMictun mil eonncimn didi. . 4afiour« is uaed 
i tiM MUM MOK by bww Greek writen. V. Du 

ffc /hwwMP, **orniMheredit;''Cotgr. 


lad lekiM teith/oMMlJI hir fiMndU, 

IImI fawfolk apBht OQBMiM hir mvmliBff inowth, 

0D<4MttM Aw, ▼. 6S7. 

'* nom tiie want of teeth, her power of enmiciation 
WM eo impeired, that ahe atammered in her speech.** 
Skumsr randen E. to/amMein ooe'a apeech, haesitare 

Allied perfaapa to laL famadi^ inanditam, dicta 
faraaitihiiiiili; tacitomoa. "The hMsk of teeth rendered 
her diaeoune nnintelligible. " Or, we may rather trace 
it to Dan. fimUr^ to heaitate, to atammer ; famien^ 
Jkmrmg, haaitation, atammering ; /amler, a stammerer. 

FAMYLEy Famell, $. Family, race. 

Otsar Jolias, lo, In yoonder planii. 
And sU tbe /unyil of him lulos, 
QahOk efUr this sr to cam.— _ 

Tf.fimSat. i)9Hg. VirgO, 198. 89. 

* HiilsTBthenatthsKingtakbe,— 
AtMJ com tU Bmgis in that qnhile 

FAN, ad9. , When, Aberd, Meams, Angus. 

Bat/M SBSS folk begin to scash, 

rm fiMB^d lor hana. ^ ^ .... 

W.BmiH^s Tcdm, p. 18.. 

Bat/an.hli v1ss«s she snrtey'd. 

** TtMiifSi I " in sad sorpriss ahe pray d. 

Oifaithonhsdst not hesrd him flrrt o'er well, 
/km he got mangfato to write the Shepherd's Tale, 
I mstth ha' had some hap of leading fau; 

** Twaa thiaa daya afterhend, ahe oomoa to me npo' 
tk day fim am at the pkngli.'* H. Blyd*a Contract, 

To FAND, r. a. To try : [part. pa. f audit, 
put to a severe trial, thoroughly tested, 
Bflxlxmr, xiL 148.] V. Faynd. 

FAND, pr«f. V. Found, S. 

-For a while their dwelling sood they /aiirf. 

MwUont JwdUk^ p. 16L 

It is vaed by Wyntown. V. Kith. 

FmA ia tha prat of Moea-0. fiHth'<m, acire, co^- 
Boaoef«» intelligere; which, I am convinced, ia on- 
many tiia aame with A.-S. fatd-an, inrenire. For 
whi^ia it to Jhidt but to attain the knowledge of any 
dbjeol^ of that eapeoially which ia matter of inquiry ? 

IFandiko, 9. Attempt at finding out, 
search. Barbour, iv. 691, Skeat's Ed.] 

To FANE, V. a. [Prob. to protect, to cover, 
to preserve. V.Fend.] 

Fr OB hir that can nocht fenye hlr awhi name to>hii« / 
let am I WTS in sic wsrk, and was all my tyme. 
• ' imibar, MaiUand Poems, T^ ^ 

Thta apparently signifies, to cover, to protect. The 
cnly woidtiiat aeema to have any aflinity ia Sn.-G. 

FANE. In fani, fondly, eagerly. 

With spviriBspeedUy that tpeid ^^, ,^ 
Our fous taySMC CfauunandOcL^lZ 

A.-8. Sa.^. faegen^ laatna; IsL fagn-Of laetor, 

FANE, f • An elf, a fairy, Ayrs. 

The story ran to ilka ane. 

How Kate wss hannted wi' a/nML— 

— 9y enry Ams that now 

Dwells in thy breast, or on thy brow ; 

I do eo^lare thee now by either. 

Or a' thoss powen put together. 

To open, gnmy hill eae green. 

An' Mt twa earthly mortals in. 

Train's Poeiical JUnsriss. p. S8L S7. 

Tout, wyn, soeina, aodalia ; aa the f airiea are com- 
monly deeigned good neighbour** G. Andr., however, 
leadera IsL faoMe, Faunae ; and we learn from Loc- 
eenina, that m Sweden Fan ia a name for the deviL 
Antiq. S. Goth. L., i. c 3. Ihre mentions FaMn as 
signifying caoodaemon ; but he contenda that it ia a 
COTT. fifamden, tnimicua. Aa Moes.-G. fan signifiee 
lord, and ia applied to the Supreme Beine ; it haa been 
Buppoaed that thia ancient Scythian wora waa modified 
into the form of /Vstm-as, of Pan, Ac Ihre, however, 
affirma tiiat Fatnen haa no affinitv with it. A good 
deal of l^^w'wg haa been expended on the latter term. 
Veialiua haa written a diatmot eesay on it, which ia 
anbjoined to hia Rnnographia Scandica. 

FANERELS, $. pi What is loose and 

*' Look at her, man ; ahe*a juiat like a brownie in a 
whin-buss, wi* her fanerels o* duds flaffin' about her 
hinderleta.** Saint Patrick, ii. 117. 

Apparently a dimin. frtmi E./aftiien^ the inatmment 
for winnowing grain. 

• To FANG, V. a. To grasp, tocatch, to lay 
hold of. 

Ane hidduoQs gripe with bostnons bowUnd beik, 
His mawe immortsll doith pik and oner reik. 
His blndy bowellis toriog with huge pane, 

FoMg ia uaed in the aame aanaa hf Shakeapear; 
miig, id., Devonah. 

To Fano a well, to pour water into a |>ump 
for restoring its power of operation, &. 

•< Wa believe, that to /amg a weU signifiee to pour 
into it sufficient liquid to set the pump at work again.*' 
Blaekw. Mag., Sept, 1819, p. 604. 

Fano, $. 1. Capture, act of apprehending. 

Tb my purpos breiffly I will me haist. 

How gad Wsllace waa set amsng his favis. 

To Loodon with him Clyffurd and Wsllang gait, 

Qohar kiag Bduuard was 'y^U^PPf ^{/g*%(a 

Hence, one is said to be in cAe fang, when seised, 
either by the hand of man, or by severe affliction, so 
as to find it impossible to eecape, S. B. 

2. The power of apprehending. 

The term haa a peculiar application, in thia sense, 
which ia pretty general through S. When the pump 
of a well haa loot the power of auction, so that the 
water doee not rise in it, perhapa from aomething being 
wrong about the well, the piston is said to have hM 
the/ang. In tiiia case, water is poured in, for restor- 
ing the power of operation. Here it ia used merely aa 
denoting the power of apprehension, in a literal sense. 
Toe Jang obviously sigmfies the hold which the pump 
as it were takea of the water, for bringing it up. 

8. A priae, or booty, Roxb. The meaning of 
thb term had formerly been well known on 
the Border. 





4 In ^foKMf to entangled as not to be able to 

Aa MfMlaal Vbtn ttlifd kin toon,^ 

S. The thingjthat is seized or carried off; as 
stolen goods, Ang. 

AMOfdiag to Radd. *^w nv, e thief taken in tke/amgt 

i«. b tiie set» or npon the pUoe." But the phnae ia 

" iktftmfh >-^ h*Tiiiff in poaaeiaion. For, aa Skene 

r?«a^ at hi oqniwent to " hand-baveand, and 

««It ia atatnte be the Lawe of thia reahne, that ane 
Ihiafa of atoHen woodde» taken with the fang in ane 
vthar Loidea landeai anld be arreiated with the wood, 
and aaU aailer the law in hia ooort, In quhom the 
woodde waa atoUen." Skene^ Verb. Sign. to. It^faug- 
<Mk V. alao Qnon. Attach. 0. 30, i 2. 

Soap wMt the fhaen. then la a wink, 
The^faay waa atow'd behind a bhik. 

Mtimm*9 PoemM^ p. IIOL 

6. Used in the pL, metaph* for claws or talons; 
tdf '^he had him in his fangs!* Budd. S. 

• A« 'Bot.fang^ a paw or claw. 

7. ^The coil or bend of a rope; hence also, 
nooae, trap f OL Sibb. 

fliblK atnngaly anppoaea that it ia the aame with 
ilwa j ^ tafca iia / being deceived by the oblique nae of 
the tann, in the fooru aenae. Hence, having properly 

A.-S. /aafr« a^tnra, captixa, he adda, '* from 
rtwawy, eORicia» li^imentnin." But there ia not the 
flfia^taet aiBnHT. 

4k.-8./aa0^ Test. eongA^^ id. correapond to the fint 
Moaa. TaL /eia^-n /m0^ equally agreea witii the 
■aooad, baiag rendend^ pnada» captura. Stt.-0. 
ybm^ dea o tea n a^tSve ; whence faenaehvs, n priaon, 
ftm^gdm^ cnptiTity, fte. Tent vangh alao aignifiea 
deo^nloin, tendioain ; which aocorda with the fourth. 

A.-& yS>*JB[ nsj ^ ^K^om Jftng-an^ capere, menu pre- 
Kandeni. Tnia, Vowerer, ia only n derirative from 
MoaaQ, Alem. jfaA-on^ id. in the aame manner aa A.-S. 

ia foniied from Moea-O. AoA-an, anapendere. 
A»tho primaiy aenae of Sa.-0. IsL /la, approhendere. 

ipei% the 9,Jamg may have been formed from it 
boiHe &ie v., and fonaad ao aa originally to include the 
Idan of raeatnni^ For U. fang baa been Tiewed aa 
pfJBiarily aignifying the boeom, or the apace between 
the anna X and deriTattrely, aa much aa a man can 
hia anna. Henoe^ in gradation, it may have 
to power: — right of poaaeiaion; 
pray, Aa V. VeraL Ind. 


To LoAE THS Fang, v. n. 1. A pomp well 
is said to 2m# ikefwM when the water quits 
the pnmp..S. Y. Iaxo, «., sense 2. 

S* A phrase familiarly used as signifying to 
miss one's aim, to fail in an attempt, to be 
disappointed in one's expectation of saccess. 

To FANK, Fankis, v. o. 1. To entangle, 
especially by means of knots or nooses. A 
line is said to be faiiiUf or /anility when it 
is so entangled and warped, that it cannot 
eaaOy be nnravelled, S. 

Lflk, qnoth the Mooi^ thia la our ryal Lord, 
Qaaa fiUf ma grace mihen I was by him taae^ 

And now his Um htir/anklei In a cord, 
Wrekand hia hart with Bumliig lalr and mane. 

Jfentyfoaa^ Evergreen, L lOS, at S4 

2. As applied to a horse, to force him into a 
comer of any enclosure by means of a rope 
held by two or more persons, that he may 
be taken ; or if this cannot be done, to wrap 
the rope abont him, so as to entangle him, S. 

3. To coil a rope, Lauarks. 

Thia ia certainly a deriTation from the t. /ang ; 
more immedii^y allied to Tout, vanck, decipulum, 
tendiooln, whence vanchdkk, captivua. Be^vangen^ 
irretitua, conveya » aimilar idea. 

Fank, 9. A fanko* town^ a coil of ropes, S. 
Fank, 9. A sheep-coty or pen; a tenn 
generally nsed in btirliugs. and Perths. 

'*In the Ticinityof the£armer*a dwelling there ia 
a pen, here called a fank, erected of atone and turf." 
Agr. Sunr. Stiri., p* 293. 

**It ia neceaaary to encloae the whole flock in the 

penor/ojiA" Ibid., P- 29^- 

Thia term obvionaly alludea to the deaini of a fold, 
which ia to cof^/Caa or indoet. Tout, vanck ia uaed in 
the aenae of dimpolnm, tendicnln. 

To Fank, v.a. To fold; as, to fank the slieeji, 

[To Fankle, v. a* To tangle, disorder, put 

into confusion ; generally applied to yarn 

or thread, Glydes. 

A peraon who baa loat the thread of hia diMsourae, or 
baa become ponfnaed, ia aaid to have gQt/unkled,] 

FANNEB, 9. or inpl. Fanners. The instru- 
ment for winnowing the chaff from the 
grain, S.; called a /an, £• 

*'The winnowing machine, or comyoAJKr, from tho 
beat information, made ita firat appearance in Hawick." 
Stat. Ace P. Hawick, viii. 525. 

Fr. van, Tent, wanne, Stt.-G. loaaNO, id« Tent. 
tooNM-€fi, ▼enttlare. 

FANNOUN, Fanxowne, s. The sudartuw, 
^ a linen handkerchief carried on the priest's 
arm at mass.** 

The Byiichape Walter— 
Gave twa luig codclu of walwete,— 
With twnrkif, and Dalmatvk, 
Albis wytn panirys to tha lyk 
Wyth atde and/aaM<MoiM lyk to tha. 

Wyntawn, ix. 6L 156w 

In later timea this word might aeem to have been 
pronoonoed Fano/w, It occura aeTeral timea in thia 
form, in an Inpeniar of the Veatmenta belonging to 
the biahopric of Aberdeen, A. 1559. 

— **2 atolee— ^ /aimoiM of doath of gold. — Item, 
a cheaebiU and 2 tunidea, a atole nndfawnoiu of white 
▼elvet and gold.** Hay*a Scotia Sacra. V. Beg. 
Abeid., p. 6£S. MacfarL 

Bdt perhapa thia baa originated from the ignorance 
or careieeaneaa of Uie tranacriber. 

Uoea-G./uMi, cloth ; /anins mujiapiai, panni rudia 
aaanmentum ; Mar. it 21. Alem. ang-fane, audarium ; 
8U.-0. /aiM, pannua. Wachter iriewa the Lat. wonl 
aa the origin ; and thia he derivea from Gr. inpor, a 
web. Fr. finon, "a acarfelike ornament wome on 
the left anno of a aacrificing prieat ;" Cotgr. 


.1 ■%■« - « ■ a m- 




To FANTISIE, v. a. To regard with affec- 
tion ; used in the same sense with the £• t* 


**^i WM tliMr betydui aim •tnnga inforoemeiit, 
abOI to inflaiiM hir haitrent itaelf, I mene the lufe 
qoliMnritli mIio intcmpentely fanUatU BothwelL*' 
finohaiiaii't Detect. Q. Maiie» 6 b» a. 

Tr./amioiiert to fnocj, to *ffeot, ako^ to tmagine, to 
deriie ; from Or. ^mrrmrtia. 

Fantisb, [Fantiss, Fanttss,] #. Vain ap- 
pearance; [dec it. Barbour, xvii. 51» 
Skeaf s Ed. V. FainticeJ 

Detixe. qnod aefae, I ayl it act dear, 
80 tiMm It groand uid set in cristiii wise ; 

And tlierBrere, wni, opjn thy hert pUynly. 
|f«*Um qnod L tiew witboutin Janfue. 

FANTON, 9. Swoon, faint. 

Ooi nft>t your 
With uprait ei 

liUi jpnlili. 

Fmmoi iffHmnimr^ FroL st 11. 

Tt, foMUtme^ a viaioa. 

FANTOWN, adj. Fantastic, imagicaiy. 

Syne thai h«d. that Mftkbeth aye 
In fiuUmm fretithad giet fey, 
And teowth hed in ewylk fimteey. 

IFinilowa, H. 1&. 862. 

FAOILTEACH, *. The Gaelic designation 
for what the LowUnders denominate the 
Borrowing day. Y. Borrowing Days. 

FAPLE,*. To hang a fcgpU. V.Faiple. 

FAB, 9. Pomp^ displky, appearance. V. 

And ae hemet thaim in the way. 

He wdenmmyt thaim with aleKbamyhr, 

Spekend god wotdie her ana tliar. 

Thia wocd may aleo unify preparation. Bat it 
nther the eame with /bir, appearance, q. t. 

thet fai thif>fofilo» ttemis, 
end eaerie wit away, 
Qoakii^; for Mr, haith palaiB. raae and nentia 

[FAB, «• n. To fare, go, proceed. Barbour, 

iL 803, Skeat*8 Ed.] 
Fab, Fare, Fatb, 9. 1. Journey, expedition. 

Bald he, ** Now mak jow yar. 
•« CM ftethyr WB tm ow/w;'^ 

. Bafteiir, iv. 627. Ua 

Now have I told yon leaa and mare, 
Ofanthathapnedinmy/arv. _ . . 

air Kfeir, pw 14 

[2. Good fare, good cheer. Barbour, xix. 
780, Skeat's E£] 

A.-S.>!ir^ UL/ar, id. Mr. Macphereon here men- 
tiooa Iktf lale, aa aignifying *« the iale in the fartway 
between Orkney and Shetland ;** OL 

[FAB, adv. Fairly, kindly. Barbour, xx. 

512, Skeat's Ed.] 
FABAND, Farrand, adj. 1. Secminff, 

having the appearance of; a term generally 
. used in composition, although sometimes 


Bam the malft Mmely/ammil personage 
Tyiitit to the feild to prieoe his grene cunige. 

Jh^ YvryU^ 223. 46L 

i.e., one appearimg ae the meet aeemly peraonage. 
Hone decoa cgre^/orauw movet atqua JuventM. 


2. Handsome, well-looking. ExpL <* well- 
favoured,** Pink. 

Tbarfor thai went till Abyrdeyne. 

Qnhar Nele and Bniym oome, and the Qoeyn, 

And othir ladyia fayr, and/annuT, 

Ukana for loir off thair husband ; 

That for leylle Inff and leawt^, 

^•^ *"*'^ ""^ ^'Tter. tt. 614. Ma 

AULD-FARAND, adj. Sacacious, prudent; 
usually applied to children, when they 
discover more sagacity than could be 
expected at their age, S. 

A. Bor. aiMt/broad, id. Ray derivee thia from aiaf, 
oaed for M^ and fnramd^ the homonr or nniua, 
JK yminm, Ritt I kiiow ttot whero ho finda the latter. 

ESuil-farand, adj. Equivalent to umeemljf. 

Deliaer he waa with drawin award in hand. 
And onhifee taigate vntamely and €hU /arand, 
^ •^ />oi^. KiiyO, 296. 50. 

Fair-farand, adj. 1. Having a goodly or 
fair appearance. 

Syne in ana hal, Mfiirjkmmd^ 
He lodgit al the lonuih of hia land. 


2.. Having a fair carriage, mien, or deport- 

—Thai apperit to the Palp, and present thame ay ; 
Fair/ammd, and finee. 
In ana gaidlye degree. Awfals^ L 12.. 

IXesyre lay atokkit by ana dnneeonn dare. 
Tet Honeatie [cnld] keip him/aifr/cirrwuL 

King Harit L 8S. 

3. It is now used to denote one who assumes 
a specious appearance, who endeavours by 
hb language or manner to cajole another, 
S. Thus it is commonly applied to one 
who is very plausible: He 9 owre fair 
farrand for fiM, Aug. 

FouL-FARREN, adj. Having a bad appearance. 

"Ton haTO not been longaome, and foul farrm 
both;" S. Pror. "apoken to them that hare dona a 
thing in great haate;" Kelly, p. 393. 

Weiix-farand, adj. 1. Having a goodly 
appearance, excellent. 

He had wycht men, and iMiZ(/^afaN<f, 
Axmyt elenly, bath ftite and hand. 

2. Handsome ; as connected with rye/Ufair. 

Thaa marwalnaly end Wallace tok on hand : 
Lykly he was, rycbt fair and weill farrand; 
Manly and stoat, and tharto rycht liberall ; 


Waitace, li. 781, USL 

I hare aometimee thonght that we midit trace thie 
term to Su.-G. UL/ar-a, experiri; aa laL tcelcrthuH 
farim, aignifiea, experienced in apeaking; tatifarem, 
akiUed in Uw; to which Belg. tervaaren, akilful, 
experienced, oonreaponda; whence eervaartnhewl^ 
experience; from eer, before, and vcuirtn, to fare. Bat 
it aeema to agree better with Sa.-0. /or-tf, agere ; 
mentioned by Sibb. >!ira «o< mecl oi, to treat one with 




, I f»r» Ute mtd «■, to ■•• om OL RaaM 
WmaiA far Aa .kaMt m/f mada of ttetinff t Aoalo- 

FARANDAINS, «. fL A sjpecies of clothe 
jMurtljr of nlk, and partly of wooL 

**n« Lofdi— IbU «o ooomilt and d«bftto if the Mid 
Mito ppohibitiiig all eioUiM made of ailk ataffii to ba 
worm bj any airaapt the privilaflad penooa, reached 
«o/broiaiaAM;'whidiaM partes, part hair.** Fonn- 
UMaIU S 8«ppL Dea, p. 2L 

Tha wocd ia afridently the aama with Yt. ferrandimR^ 
*** Uil^i atnff of which the warp ia whollv of ailk, and 
fha woof of wool ; difiering frmn PoiU ae wte in this, 
tba IB the latter both warp and woof are of silk." 

Tho ori|^ of the term ia quite nncertain. I know 
■ol whether it haa any a(Bnity to L. B. ferrandm-uB, 
dieting a aort of ookrar^ and aappoaed to oonrey the 
idea of Tarieoation ; (V. Da Oange. vo. FemuuluB); 
,er to Arranoiao, IV. FerramdiiUf a small town in the 
bJBfton of Naplee, on the river Baaiento^ where the 
imw'niight hare been first made. • 

FABANDMANy •• A stranger, a traveller. 

^Marandman. ane stranger or Pilgrimer, to qnhom 
Jwlke anld be done with id expedition, that his pere- 
olnation be not stayed or stored.'* Skene^ Verb, 
nign. in vow 

-Thia ia naed as eomTalent to JhuHtfuie, Borrow 
Ifwes^ 0. 140. Bat Skene obeerree that in the Book 
ilflceM^ Ibioign merchants are called yStmacimeM. 

A.-fl. Jlunmu itinerant ; Belg. eaarciid iiuifi» a 
mmm^r^STfar mMm nimtS nsgotiatoiea ; O. 
Andc, p. 66(. 

FABAR, Faber, wmpar^ Better, [fairer; 
fimrL foTMi, fairest, Barbour, xi. 518, 
Skeaf • e(L] 

Me tUnksybrar to dee. 
nan sobamyt be verralie 
Anasdaiidsr tobrds. 
Qm wmm mmd M. , iv. 1 V. Fatb, (h(|l 

FABAB, #• A traveller or voyager. 

Wnm the eft sehip vpndf aaoae the wjnd, 
And fBOowit Cut the sty fitmn§ behriid. 

'4L'S,Jht<m^ Btu-Q./ar^ profiaiaci. 

FAB-AWA', Faraway, adj. 1. Distant, 
remote, as to place, S. 

** I head yon n^ist folk are anco aet on the relics 
that are letehed free /ar-awa' kirica and see forth.'* 
Antiqaaiyt li. 334v 

•'/or-4Hoa' fowls hae fair feathers," S. Prov. ; ad- 
dfsssed to thoee who are fondly attached to persons or 
thiaaa that are at, or come from, a distance. 

''lU wad — ^maybe ^ his familiar spirits cany yoa 
•way, and thiaw ve mto the sea, or set yoa down i* 
mamm/arawaff land." Perils of Man, i. 231. 

im Distant, as to consanguinity, S. 

'*Fiile'a a/tiMitMi coosin o^ mine^ and we were 
blljthe to meet wi* ane another." Bob Roy, ii. a 

Fabawa'skreed, $i A term used to denote 
foreign news, or a letter from a foreign 
ooontiy, Ayrs* 

FABCOST, 9. The name of a trading ves- 

"^It ivpau% that in 1383, the bmgeeses of Elgyn 
Imd a trading vessel^ named Fareoti^ that sailed op 

the Lossie^ which then had direct oommanicatioB with 
the Loch of Spynie, at that time an arm of the sea." 
P. Elgyn, Moray. Statist Aoo., t. 11. 

It seems anoertain whether this was the name given 
to this vessel in particalar, or that bv which vessels of 
this kind in general were known at that time. 

It is evidently of Northern on jpn. Sa.-0. farboH ia 
a term used to denote any thmg employod as the 
instrument of travelling; as a hovM, a slup^ Ac, omne 
id, <)uo iter fit, eqaus, navia, Ac. Ihre ; from /hr-o, 
prohsiMi seu terra sive mari, and iboil, instrumentum, 
medium agendi. IsL fartoii^ navia ; VereL va Koa. 

To FARD, Faird, v. a. 1. To paint. 

•'The fairest are but /oftfal like the face of Jezebel." 
Z. Boyd*a Last BateU, 0. 610. 

2. ToembelUsh; metapluused. 

I thocht it nocht neoessair til hef /ardit ande lardit 
this tracteit vitht exquisite termis, quhilkis ar nocht 
dal^ vsit, hot rather I hef vsit domestic Scottis Uninge, 
maist intelligibil for the v[u]lgare pepiL" CompL ii., 
p. 25. 

'•They— mask a feigned heart with the vail of 
yhirtiefl language." Galderwood's Hist., p. 458. 

FV. ybitfcr, id. /ard^ paint. It seems doubtful 
whether the Fr. word has any affinity to Alem. farnua^ 
Germ, farbe^ Su.-0. /atrg^ id. pigmentum, color. This 
etymon is mors ehgible than that of Menage^ who 
derives it from Lat. fucmt^ which he supposes may 
have been changed to fmeardu$^ then to fiuirdus, then 
to/ardus, whmob/ard, 

Fard, g. Paint. O. E. id. 

"Ariand foolish vaine fashions of apparell are but 
bawda of allnrement to vndeannesse. Awav with 
these dyed Dames, whose beauty ia in their ooze !** 
Boyd, at sop., p. 050. 

FARD, adu Corr. from favoured. Weill" 
fardf well-favoured, S. 

Now wsly ihw that wetlf ihnf mow t 

XfR4My,iS.P. it,iL8S. 

Waly, wsly ih tha twa waU^fard facia I 

/6m<L, pi 159. 

FARD, Fardb, Faird, e. 1. Course, 

And sooe as he peimnis qubaie that went 
Fotgan jst hym comnund throw greasy awside 
His denest aon Enee with hasty /onfft 

2^. Virgil, 180. IS. 

— lliaa Italy ala eone 
8che lenis, and with BwiSt/ardt gen do fle. 
Throw out the tkyis to the heuynnya bie. 

With felloun/ardf and swift ooun, he and he 
Oan to diioeiid, leuand the holtis hia. 

/Mi., S8& aO, slso 886L 4a 

2. Used obliquely as denoting force, violence, 

''At last hing Feredech seand the myddil ward of 

Pichtis approcheand to discomfitoure, ruschit with sic 

/arde amanff his ennymes, that he was exdudit fra his 

awin folkis/^ BeUend. Cron., & z. c. 8. Tanto impetu ; 


"God in the Felmiary befor had stricken that 
Uudy Tyrane the Duke of Guiss, quhilk somquhat 
bnk the/onf of our Queue for a season.'* Knox, p. 
834, MS. L id. In Lond. edit, it is rendered heai. 

3. Blast ; q. a current of wind. 

He with grate fardis of windia flaw throw the skye, 
And to the contre of Libie cum on hye. 

iMmg. rtiyi/, 22. 20. 




4. 7b maki a/mrd^ to make a bustle. 

Ifw tlio' th»t WM ft drankea kinl 
Vb dmw kit nntd, ftnd Mate a/unlL 

Ma qoitllj Mt them in tU goaidt 


BodiL derivM H from Vt.fwrdtam^ » bnidciiv load or 
wv^ti fifiUnt mora Bfttonlly, mther from Teat. 
fCMnl^ piomptii% a^plit. Bat it loems to bo moralr 
Sa*-0. faird^ oanoa, itor ; m it oooan in ■enoo 1. It 
ii myt poeoliar to tho 8. torn that it has boon metaph. 
oaod. For 8a.-G. fatrd is tranafomd to » ooarm of 
aaj kind i and often ineladeo the idea of violenoo : 
Himjkk mftuiden faerdt ho waa oont paelring with % 
vangeanoo ; Wid^ Fori ia oaod in tho aamemanner. 
Sbqppti aer i/oH; naTia in earni eat. Doinde de 
qoona Tolooion progrmaa somitar* Thia it ia aaid of 
one who ia akyw; Dti kar imgenJoH meA AMom, ho 
makoa no iMOgiem in hia baainem ; med faH, adv. 
oviekly. Inre^ ro. Faro, <Radd. haa given thia word 
iba aonae ol vfdgki^ although withoat naaon ; moat 
Mobably firom ita aappoaed raUtion to IV. /ardeau. 
The taim may, however^ bo from A.-8. /eriik^ fertk, 
animn% imiritna. If ao^ ita primary aenao ia ardour of 
mind. y. FiBO^ Faibd^ Fairding. 

[FARDELE, $. A bundle. Barbour, iii. 
482, Skeat's ecL 

Tr. /mtdeam^lt^fardeOa, nbandlo.] 

FART}E% adj. Further, S. 

** Vofarder diatanoo ia there betaixt the pronoonc- 
ing of the one aentenoo and the vthor, nor la betaixt 
tiio K ingi bod and tho aocond halL" Bmoe'a Eleven 
Bonn., A. 4. \k 

Boiff . aert^, Alem. /urdhr. It ia propeily tho com- 
for. c7/ar» procol, A.-S. /eor. 

FASDILLISy •• pL Shivers, pieces ; syn. 

The iohdd fn JkrdUU§ can fle fai ISrfld, away far. 

<laaoaii niMf <ML, iv. SL 

Teal vkr^deel^ qnadi% vier-deei-fn, qoadripaitira. 

FABDINO, Fardin, $. A farthing, S. 

FABEFOLKIS, $. pL Fairies ; fair-folk, 

Doogfaa rendera Faoni Nymphaeqae, Viig. by /in*- 
yUfeSi and dfia. 

Thhr woddis and thlr icbawia all, qood he, 
Sam tvme inbabit war and ooeapyit 
With Nympbia and Faunis aponn ewry tyde, 
Qnhflk/ar^ottu or than elfb depin we. 

Tho Fairiea atiU linger in aeveral patta of Clydea- 
dal^ and namberleM atoriea are told oonoeming their 
frmkiah adventnraa. Althoagh not believed to bo 
poaitively malevolent towarda man, thejr were at least 
Tory irritable in their diapoaitiona, and it raqaiied no 
amall attention to ateer clear of offending them. 
Whenever they were mentioned, it waa uanal to add, 
in order to prevent the poaaibility of any dangeroas 
eonM(|aenoaa ariaing from treating ttiem with too much 
familiarity, HU name he aroHMd ««, this is Wafuday, 
or, thia m Furttda^^ according to the particular day of 
tho week. FMticularly, it waa reckoned the heicbt of 
infatoation for the huabandman to violate witn the 
ploagh any of their appropriate greens, or to tear up 
any of thoao beaatiful verdant circlca which were con- 
aoc m tod to their moonlight revels. 

Beaidoa tho Fkiriea^ which are mora oommonly tho 
aabjeet of popular tradition, it appoara that oar foro- 
fatheta behoved in tho oxiateaoo A a olaaa of apiriti^ 
nnd«r thia name, that wrought in tho mineo. Pennant 
givea an aoooont of tho veatigea ol thia aoperatitioa 
yet remaining in Cumberland, when deacnbing the 
OoUieriea of Kewoastle. 

** Tho imm e n a e cavema that lay be t ween the pillara, 
exhibiting a moat ffloomvaiipearanoe. I could not help 
enquiring here after too imaginary Inhabitant, the 
creation of the laboarer*a fancy. 

The iwait Fairy of the mine ; 

and waa aerionsly anawered by a black fellow at my 
elbow, that he really had never met with any ; but 
that IJa grandfather had found the little implementa 
and toola belonging to thia diminutive race of aub- 
terraneooa apirita.'^"Tbe Oermana believed in two 
apeciea ; one fierce and malevolent^ the other a gentle 
race, appearing like little old men, dreased like the 
minora, and not much above two feet high ; these wan- 
der about the drifts and chambers of the works, seem 
perpetually employed, yet do nothing ; aome seem td 
cut the ore, or fling what is cut into veesels, or turn the 
windlaaa ; but never do anv harm to the minora, except 
provoked; as the senaible Agrioola, in thia point credm- 
008, relatea in hia book, dt AnimanUbu$ sttUerroHeU" 
Toor in S. 1772; p. 05, 66. 

Tho northern nationa acknowledged a class of spirits 
of this deacription. 

" la noithemo kinylomea there are great armiea of 
davi]% that have their ae r v ice a which they perform 
with tho inhabitants ol these countries ; but tney are 
moat frequent in rocka and mMes, where thev break, 
deuvo, and make them hollow ; which also thrust in 
pitchers and bnc^eta, and carefully fit wheela and 
acrewa, whereby thev are drawn upwards $ and they 
ahow themaelvea to too labourers, when they list, like 
phantoma and ghoata.** TransL of the Hist, of Olaus 
Magnna (lfi58|, ap. Minatrelay Border, L Introd., ciii: 

''There were two nlsmea or orders of thoao freakish 
boingi, tho Ondo Fairiea^ otherwiao called tho SeeUo 
Court, and the Wicked Wichts^ or Unaeelie Court. 
Tho numbon of the former were augmented chiefly bv 
infants^ whoao parents or guardians were harsh or cruel, 
by snob as fell msensate through wounds, but not dead, 
in the day of just battle, by persons otherwise worthy, 
who aomotimes repined at tho hardness of their lot, by 
oadi whose livio were Inderal good, but in amoment 
of nnguardodneaa, fell mto deep ain, and especially 
allowed themaelves peevishly to repine against the just 
awards of Providence." — "Tho members of the 
Unseelio Court were reeraited, (for this was the <mlv 
one that paid teind to hell), by tho abstraction of auch 
persona aa deaervodly fell wounded in wicked war, of 
such aa aplenetically commended themaelves to evil 
beingL ana of unmarried mothers atolen from childbed. 
But^liy far the greater number of. recruits were 
obtained from amongit unbaptised infants ; and tender 
and affectionate |>arenta never failed unceaaingly to 
watch their offspring till it waa mmed with the holy 
name of God in baptism.** Edin. Msg., July 1819, p. 
16, 17. 

The origin of this word is so uncertain, that althoagh 
a great variety of hypotheses have been formed, atiU 
nothing but conjecture can be offered. Dr. Johnson 
derives fairjf from A.-S. ferhth, as if it signified a 
spirit. ^ But its proper meaning ia, tho mioa or aoul, 
as restricted to the spirit of man. Causaubon derives 
it from Or. ^ffpttt Fanni. Skinner mentiona Fr. /^, a 
fairy ; but seems to prefer A. -8. far-an, to go, to tra* 
vol, because these ciemons were vulcarly beUeved to 
ramble abroad, and to lead danoea ouring the night, 

Rudd. thinks that they received thia name, either 
q. fair folk, because of their aupposed beautv, or 
q. faring foOt, for tho reason mentiouod by Skmner. 




li MM eIrecnttMiofb whieh ua0ii Mem Ur 
fwuiibto to the fint ettppoeition. Another ek« ol 

§mM hmw becB eaUed ^rowniM^ meet probably fron 
iMr •oppoeed ewarthy appeMranoe. V. Bbownii. 

II aunt ieem to be a oonfiimatioii of the eeooncl 
ip pea i two, that S11.-G. fair<i, profiaoieci eea terra 
«va naii, ia aleo need to denote the loeaee euetained 
hf aonenr or diaholifial agency ; and Bels. varende 
WW ft riyiHiea a witch, who wanden thioagh the air ; 
•IMH * poddfltt whirlwind aappoeed to be excited by 

fho power of magio. Sibb. has mentioned Tent, vaar^ 
amIi ■ k mw ^ ^^^P^ hamadryai, lylvamm, dea, Kilian. 

OomMmintf the laat etymon it has been obeenred, 
that **tiM n /aerie ta a mndi more obvions root ; 
wUeh may, penape, be ultimately traced to the peri 
ofthoFiniatte,€£/eriof theSaraoena.** Edin. Rev., 
1808^ p. SOS* "The oriental genii and |ieru leem to 
be ih» urului^pe of the f aeriee of romance. The very 
word fiurjf la identified with the peri of the East ; 
which, according to the enunciation of the Arabs or 
flsrawiab from whom the Europeans probably derived 
fha word, aoonda pkeri, the letter p not occuxring in 
fhaArabio alphabet." Ibid., p. 132. 

It appoon nighly probable, indeed, that we haTo re- 
OHfua fiua term through the medium of the Ft, But 
Hio appropriate sense S Fr. faerie, fierie^ sumets the 
idea, tnat it mav haye had a Qoth. origin. Farfterie 
tUgpxIkm, '* fatally, by destiny, by the apoointment of 
fho HMries;" Co^pr.; and /Se, not only a fairy, but as 
•i edL^ Istal, destined. Now, as /4e corresponds to 
omr fiih ^11*^ in.sense and orimn ; as IsL fe»g-r,fng» 
w; tte root, is still expL as <Jtenoiin^ a snpposea de- 
tsrminatiiw of the Faieei it is not miprobaUe that 
ttsso BuiT have been aGoUi. word of this form, though 
Mw ahsolsts^ comniondinff to Namir and Vail-yriorf 
the modem names ol the Parcae, used in like manner 
aa a desiyiation for theee imaginary beings. 

Sena. to. JUiw, refers to IsL /er vppa man, in« 
enbtti^ and 8w. Aiaero, J^hialtis species, as cognate 

Aa our ancest o rs firmly believed that it was a com- 
i Muctice with tke Fairies, to carry off healthy and 
imul children from their cradles or the arms of 
tteir Bursesb and leave their own puny brood in their 
plao% the verr same idea has prevailed on the conti- 
utmL Alp, wf, striz, lamia, saga, quod daeroonis in- 
star Bootomi per Iom habitsta oberret, et in varies 
Mtata formas infantee e cnnis abripiat. et in locum 
eornm alioa et deteriores substitnat ; Waehter. This 
-idea is not altogether banished from the minds of the 
vntftf, in some parts of 8. Mlien a child, from in- 
ternal disesee, saddenly loses tte ^MMb^ or seem to uva* 
iili aa they express it^ •^nong suspicions ars sometimes 
ealsrtalnsd that the declining child is merely an elvish 
auhstitate. This fooUsh idea also prevails in the Heb- 
lidea. Thev had a eingular mode of obtaining restit- 
nliea. ** It was usual with those who believed that 
ttMir children ^9t% thus taken away, to dig a nave in 
the fields noon Quarter-day, and there to lay the fairy 
akeleton tiu next morning : at which time the parents 
went to the place, where the]f doubted not to find 
their own child instead of this skeleton. Martin's 
West. U.. pi 118. Bv this prooeie, they would at 
anrnte often get rid of the AtkUm, 

The Sdomom of-our country, aa he has been called, 
mvea a cnrioua piece of information, which, it eeems, 
tad been leaniea from those who had been thus carried 

*' Thia we hane in proofe by them that are carried 
with tiie Pharie^ who neuer see the shadowee of any 
In that Court, hut of them that thereafter are trved to 
hane beine brethren and sisters of that crafte.^ K. 
Jamca's DaemonoL,. p. 13S. 

We also kam from him, that they were reckoned 
particulariy fortunate mho were thus carried away, 
and afterwarda leetored. V. SoacsT, also Bvxxwakd. 

FAREWAY, •• The passa^ or channel in 
the sea, or in a river, S.; he., *^ the voay or 
course in which a vessel farter 

Isl. farvetf and Sn.-0. farwaeq denote a high road, 
via publica. But Haldoraon expL/artff2/-r aa primarily 
signtf ;^ng alvens, canaiis. Sw. etroen^oren, the channel 
a a river, claims affinity, as well as Belg. taar^waler, 
id. ; though both are differently compounded. 

FAR-HIE-AN-ATOUR, adv. At a con- 
siderable distance, Aberd* 

This word has been resolved q./ir-Ai|/A-<i»<l-atotfr, 
over the distant hills. But I suspect that its proper 
form iM/ar'hyne<Utour, i.e., far hence over. 

FARIE, Faby, $. 1. Bustle, tumult, up- 


Bot evir be reddy and addrest. 
To pass out of toil frawfuU />nf« 

Dunbar, Bannatyne roenu, p. S9, st 8L 

2. Confusion, consternation ; such as may be 
caused by an external tumult, or by that of 
the passions. 

— And baith his handle in that aamyn stede 
Towart the heoin vpheiila in ane/cry. 

Ikmg. VirgU, 350. 87. 

Tit stndie nocbt ovir mekill, adreid thow wane ; 
For I peraane th^ halfliogs in ane /arie. 

Police 0/ HonoHT, iiL 06. 

/Very and /eery-fanf are stiU used in both senses, S. 
Ferff occurs in 0. £. for a f estivaL 

Sdie daye is holye daye with hym, or an hyriie/erv. 

P. P/cn^fliaJi, FoL 60, b. 

▼. Fbby, and Fibrt-Fabt. 

FABING, 9. The leading of an army, or, 
the management of a ship. 

And quhen that ewan-iiang fcym wes ner. 
The folk with owt that wer wery, 
And ram woondyt Ml cruelly. 
Saw thaim within defend tbaim awa ; 
And saw it wea not eyth to ta 
The toon, qaill tik defena wea mad : 
And thai that in till /ar»fM had 
The oat, saw that thair schip war brynt, 
And of thaim that tharin wen tynt ; 
And thair folk woandyt and wery ; 
Thai gert blaw the retreit in hy. 

Barbour, xriL 406, HSL 

Mr. Pink, has not explained thie word. But from 
the punctuation he has given to this passage, as well aa 
the variation of eome words from the reading in M8., 
he seems to have understood/ariiijf as relating to those 
wUhin the town. 

In edit. 1620, it is : 

—By them that within the steering had. 
The host saw that thair aehip was brynt, kc 

But it is evident that the leaden of the Enffliah 
army, which lay without the town, are meant ; tnoae 
who had the hoet in till thair faring, or under their con- 
duct. It is not said of the hoet or army in general, 
that they saw their ship burnt, but of the Teadera. 
For they who saw this, also eaw thair /oik woundjft and 

It doee not appear that A.-S. /ar-an was used to 
denote the command of an army. Bat IsL/o^-o, and 
Su.-Q. /oer-a, signify to lead. Ihre rendera the latter, 
rei ducem esse et anteeignanum ; the very senee the 
term/iriajf requires here. Stt.-G. foer^a eU skepp, to 
have the command of a ship ; and foer-a an en ekepp" 
ehatr, to lead an army. Ihre derivea it from far-a, ire, 
profiaiaci ; for what ia foera, says he, but to causs ono 
to change his place? 




Th(i piiblialMr of •dit 1O20L although ho hot miaUken 
tho application of the term, hat giveii ita proper tigni- 
fioalioiit hf anbttitatiiig Ueermg, whioh in onr old 
wiitiafi li oqniTalent to goffemrnetU, 

FARLANDy acff. Bemotet or coining from a 
distant ooontiy. 

Ihow nay pat all into appairand penell, 

Oif IngUi fofdi in this realme repair. 
8k ar noeht mait for todacyde our querraU. 

nwehyfarfami Ailia leim to half feddars fair. 

Mmiiamd Poems, p. 161. 

Inalaad ol thia the Pror. now oaed iBi—"Far awa* 
fanla half fair fetheia," a. 
A.-&/aerlM,/oen£nM4 longinqnna. 

FARLE» Farthel, Ferle, $. Properly, the 
foorth part of a thin cake, whether of floor 
or oatmeal; bat now used often for a third, 
accordinff to the differont ways in which a 
cake is <Cvided| before it be fired, S. 

'*11ieT offered me meat and drink, but I refoaed. 
and wonid not take it» bat beo^t %/irihdot bread 
and a matehkin of ale." Wodiow'a luBt, L Append. 
p. 101. 

Thtat lat kia wiidom aim and nail 
O'er a weal-tortit giiSe/arir. 

FtrgMuonCM Poem$, iL 7& 

Tho tuvm/Mhlt fardinff-deai, and farumdei, oaed in 
O. B. to denote the nmrth part of an acre of land, have 
noommoQ origin. 

Tent. fritrJM^ qaadnu qoarta pan. A.-S. ftorlh 
dad; 8w. en/erde del, id. V. Fakdilus. 

To FABUE, Fablt. Y. Ferue. 

FARM, FERai, •• Bent. V. Ferhe. 

Fabm-meal, •• Meal paid as part of the 
rent, S. 

" Bilora 1782; the/onn-meal waa oommonly paid of 

laoea of 

thia inferior oati ; ie<, the landlord, in many pi 

the ooanty* oot paii of hia rent paid in kind from meal 

aude from tnia grain." Agr. Surv. Aberd., p. 244. 

F AROUCHIE, adj. Sava^, cruel, ferocious, 
Ayrs.; slightly varied from Fn farauehef 
wild, savage, crueli &c. 

FASRACH, •• Force, strength, activity, 
expedition in business ; as, He wants farrach^ 
he has not ability for the work he hiis 
undertaken, S. B. 

Bat kia week head mubjkrraeh baj 

That helmet for U> bear ; 
Kor hae he mersb intil Ida banes 
To welld AchUles' spear. 

Paeuii m Cm i^HcAoa Dialeet, p. 11. 
V. Fpvdt. 

laL /dwt, Sa.-0. foer, agilia, fortia, validoa. Ir. far- 
roek, GaeL farraehf denote violence, force. 

[FARRAND, affj. V. Faraxd.] 
FARRANT, adj. Sagacious, Selkirks. 

** Look op^ like a>hrraal beaat--hae ye na pity on 
yoor maater, nor nae thoaght about him ava, an* him 
m aio a pUaky ? ** Brownie of Bodabeck, ii. 236. 

Thia af fimi to be oaed ellipticaily f or auld'/anxuU. 
▼. Fabavd. 

[FARSE, V. a. To stuff. Barbour, ix. 31)8, 
Skeat'sEd« Fr./areiV.] 

FARSY, adi. Having that disease of horsea 
called in E. the farcy. Fr. farein. 

Ha SpOlia lyk anayhr^ aver, that flyrit at ana glUot 

DiCNter, UaiOamd Foms, p. 49. 

FARTHINO-IIAN, Ferdinomax, $. The 
Dmmof GmUL 


Tt ii atatnta^ that onhen the Alderman, Theaa« 
inra, FaMmg^wuM or I)ene, will call and conrena 
the gild brether for the oommoon aflBairia, thay at the 
aoond of the aneah wa31 compeir under the pane of 
siid.* Stat. OUd., BaUoar*8 Practicka, p. 77. 

** FtrAigwkaimMBt ane Datch worde, ane penny- 
maiatar, or thaoaarar. Stat. Gild., o. 6." Skene, 
Verb. Sign. 

He aeema to haTO leoeived thia name, aa havine 
aoBM apodal concera in regulating the aaaaaamenta <n 

*'£t ai qoarto deliquerit^ Torbo vol factor condem- 
netar, 4 paniatnr aecnndom arbitrium Aldermanni, 

oS£i^^4A'''8tai! OUd., c ft. *^™* 

Da Oange eonjecturee that thia term ia eqaivalent 
to ¥t, qmartemier, the alderman of a rjuturter or waitl 
in n toam ; from A.-S. /trtkmg, a quarter, and mciM, 
hoaaow But it mav be auppoaect that Skene nnderatooil 
the maening of the term ; and aa he rendora it by 
tkemmrar, or traaaurer, thia would augseat that it had 
been focmed bfmk/etnihi$tg, quadrana, afarthing, which, 
like S. penmif, may have been, at leaat occaajonally, 
oaed inneflnitely for money. 

Not only in hia Oloaaary, but in the tranalation of 
t^ atatntea of the Gild, Skene uaea tho word (At- 

FAR37IGAL, $. A fardingale, or woinan*s 

To mak thame ama. the waist ia boond ; 
A baiat to nuk thair bellia round : 
Thair buttokia boaterit up behind ; 
A>r<^ to gathair wind. 

ifatOaiMi PomM, p. 1S8. 

Aa the aatiro contained in thia poem ia very aerero 
on the draaa and mannera of the timaa^ the author 
might perfaapa mean to play a little on the word. It 
coReapooda, howoTor, to Fr. vertutjaU, id. 

[FARY,#. V. Farie.] 
FAS, 9. Hair. 

-Hia tymbret bakllt 

Lyke til aae lokkerit name with mony fru, 

Damg, Ftryil, 361. 5L 

A.-S. fboa, capilli, lal. fax, Juba. V. Faasi. 

FAS, #• A knot or bunch. 

**Itani, to the aamyne lyar twa euacheinffia of the 
aamyne VelTOtt with ane inJtinff tree of golJ with ane 
faa of ailk and gold at ilk nuke." Inventorica; A. 
IM% p. 96. V. the p<. Fassis. 

FAS CAST. A scheme, a new device. 

Than flnding out a new/iw ouf, 
Amoagia the prentaria ia he pa^t. 
And promaiat to set foorth a buike. 
lay, B^ SL Androit, Foema SixUaUh CeiU., p. SIO. 

^'Scheme, GL 0. Fr. fact ia uaed for faui, UeUn ; q. 
r-mofle device.** 

To FASCH, Fash, v. a. 1. To trouble, to 
vex, S.t applied to what is afflictive to the 


London is fauked with a deflexion ; he will atay 
tall Uonday, and come on aa health aervea, journey or 
— .n »-:5"Wa Lett., i. 215. 




t. Denoting that which pains the mind; 
**I ham ako hmm mnoh /atked in my own 

8. To trouble, to molest ; in a general sense, 
• a Onmb. 14 

OOMltlr ft lOiit, fM on, quod I, 
I mB mtd /m4jm moir. 

riiJ0ii» J i i wiy iw n , I. S22, ft IS. 

**liB WKf OBlnion. njouMd Mn. MaMO,— this fear of 
Mag JkJkti m torn mftl b«r to'all improrement.'' 
Oottsfws of Oknbnrme, p. 206. 

*' TvibdL to tronblo or toizo; Dcmnafauk me^ don't 
tni iM tNorth." OioM. 

T0 Jkikm^tikmiA, to giro one's self troaUa» S. 

Dear Bofv* whan joor Jo pati on her gloom, 
Do ya aaa ta^ and navw ybafc ynir (A11M& 

Maattajf*9 Await, tt. 71. 

Tho phnaa k moat oommonly naed negatirelv, in 

tins or n aimilar form ; Fe weeciaa fiuh jfour thumb 

U, Tho obfiooa aenaa would aeem to be, "Yon 

not tako the alifflitcat trouble,** equivalent to 

phraant ''He oidna erook a finger ;** i.e., he 

did not make tka amalleat oxertion. I am doubtful, 

kowwar, whatker there may not be an allnaion to the 

wo of the tknmb in making or confirming a bazgain. 

V. IkmaucKnre. 

Vk.yktrA ftp to Tax. 

To Fasch, Fash, v. n. 1. To take trouble, 
to be at pains, S. ' Ygneednafash^ yon need 
not take any concern about it. 

**Tlw ilimiai naa a IttUe longer of being on the table 
thmi nana], at wkiekka began to /dmA.*' Annalaoftho 
FMiik, pi 220. 

t. To be weaiy of, to account a trouble, S. 

*«Tonaoeo/ai4ofagoodoffice;*' 8. Pror. *«Spo- 
kan to boya who are aoon weary of what we bid them 
4&" Ka&r,vi8B0L ••Weary," N. It ia enoneoualy 
d aoM, imt oorraeted in ^ez. 

idrad I to tee them aaik a wyle 
8a wQUagUa the nraeions tyme to tyiie : 
And kowttaj dkl tbem aalfs 10 fiur begyle^ 
to/ukidtpB^ qnhUkof itmlf iafvne. 

K. Jamu ri. CrwL i P., ilL 488. 

To theee may be added Dan. JUvl futility, a trifie, 
; JUuk-et tilt to fumble^ to poke. 

Oif df ov MlovaoEhip yon AucAtf^ 
Om« with tkM baldly belt 
-. CAany oaif 8tB€^ tt 48L 

8. To meddle with any person or thing, sup- 
poeed to subject one to some degree of 
trouble or inconvenience, S* 

I^. at>beA-er, to griare ; io/oih otu^i «e{f, 8. 

II appaara tkat we have borrowed thia word im- 
madiataly from the IV. ; and there ia no evidence, aa 
te SB I nnvo obaerred, that it ia more ancient than 
the raign of Mary. The fanciee of Menage and othera, 
timt it haa bean formed from Lat. /cUiqare, fcutidire^ 
/kagflifflrf, or /oacti^ acaroely deaerve to oe mentioned. 
Tkara ia itaaon to balievo that it ia originally Gothic 
8B.-0. faOt aodpere^ ia aometimea used with a passive 
tsrminatioo. llien it beoomea/ooa, aignifying, tan- 
fwa aliqoid. Saa wnodt mgen hmhti tdden, epier kan 
mer fanightm vidk foam; Sio nemo inie uteretur, 
man traetata ait poionloaua. Dial. De Miasa, p. 02. 
Jtan mer ei pod^ olf /oom vid; dicitur de iracundo, 
qnam omiaoltnm aoa aet attingere» Faaa wulen, tan- 
aHqpaem ; Ihra^ vo. Faa, Thia ia nearly the same 

with onr vulgar language, concerning one of a teaty 
ftMnars ••Yehadbetterno/MAiri<Ahim,**S. Su.^. 
Jtaarn, may perhapa be also allied, multo agendo nihil 
I aa win aa ita cogna t e^ Germ, /ols^ nngari. 

Fasgh, Fash, t. !• Trouble, vexation, S. 

0^ a' the Bttm*roos human doob,— 
Tka tridka o' kaafea, or /u4 o' fools. 
Thou bsar*st the grsa. 

Aima, iv. dS4 

2. Pains taken about any thin^ S« 

3. Sometimes used to denote a troublesome 
person, S«; corresponding to Fr.un/acAeiijr. 

To Tak the Fash, to take the trouble to do 
any thing, S. 

•* It'a omm fou o* woo* : it was put in there the day 
of the aheep-ahearing, and we have never ta*et^ theftuh 
to put it by.** Cottagers of Glenbnmie, p. 152. 

Fascheous, Fashious, adj. Troublesome. 

*'I am now passand to my faeheoui purpoia.*' — Lett. 
Detection, Q. Mary, G. 8, a. 

"The way of proceeding was /(uhious both to oura, 
and the Bngliah Commiasumera." Baallie*a Lett, i. 

Fr. /aeknm^ faehhua, id. 

Fa8CHERI£,Fachrie,Fach£RIE,s. Trouble, 
vexation, S. 

*' Borne thia letter, for it ia ouir dangeroua, and 
nothing weiU aaid in i1^ for I am thinkand upon nathing 
bnt /oadbcrM." Lett Detection 2, Q. Mary, H. 1, b. 

'* Our S^iveraine Lorde^ and hia Estaitea— considered 
the great faekerie and inconvenience at sindrie Parlia- 
mentea, throw preaenting of a confuaed multitude of 
doubtfnU and informal articles, and aupplicationea.*' — 
Acta Ja. VL, 1501, c 218. Murray. 

The hevinly ftirie that inspyrd my spreit, 
Qnhen sacrsd beogbis war wont my bronis to bind. 

With froatis cijitchrie ftomn is that beit. 
My garland grain is withrit with the wind. 

MmUgomerU, M& Chron. ft P.,iiL 505. 

Vr,/aehenet moleatia, aegritndo ; Diet. Trev. 

Fashiousness, s. Troublesomeness, S. 

FASHEN, Feshex, Foshen, paH. pa. of 
the V. to FeUh^ S. B. 

Just aa tbeb aln sha's/atA«ii up, and ta'en 
For Dkk*a aln dothar now by ilka ane. 

itois** HeUnor$, p. 127. 
What east hasykiHai yon see far frae towns ? 
Vm sure to you thir eanna be kend bounds. 


FASEIDAB, s. The Northern OuU, Larus 
parasiticus, Linn.; the Scouti-<Lutin of Ork. 


The bird Faskidar, about the bigness ot a aea-maw 
of the middle aize, ia observed to fly with greater awif t- 
neaa than other fowl in thoae parte, and purraea leaser 
fowls, and foroea them in their flight to let fall the food 
which they have got, and by ita nimbleneas catchea it 
before it touch the ground." Martin'a Weat. laL, p. 73. 
Thia name might almoet aeem to be a corr. of the 
Sw. name of the Pelecanus Carbo, Linn., Hqfk^iader, 
Faun. Suec., N. 145. I find, however, the mial term 
given in two different forms, and HqfHjSader, referring 
to N. 145, Ind. But it may be allied to Gael faitg- 
am, to wring; yb^^oiift, wringing, whence /lUNiaaair, a 
preaa jfor cheeee ; as the name might have its origin 
from thia bird being believed to ooitslraui other fowla 
to part with their rood. 




FASSE, Fa8, $. A hair. 

I^Mfw late la lofB. tad UntM li«ldlt no lyalda ; 
8k foSMnaMt i «U aoocht ^JiuM, 

MA A i^ it» m. IM. 

8k fomianaaM I oall aoocht tooriA a /turn. 

Mr. ISak. Imtm thia for «xplAiiaii<iii. Bat it k 
«idoal»tadly tha aama with fat^ often oaad by Doag. 
in tlMaama 

Sniaiiot joor aaoteaca fhoa, akaat worth €m$faM: 
Qakat iMoeaU or imownab k to ba diam? 

Anvl Tir^a, ML 17. 

Bot ftdl of magaaaynTta Enaaa 
Paak than waeht da fichtlk aa aa/oiL 

iMi.,14L16L v. Faa. 

FASSIS, #.plL Knots, bunches. 

''Itam. ma eappariaooa^ ooTerit oor with qohito 
volfitl^ nonyeit with ailver and /oMii of qahita aiUc, 

Site knoppia ol ailvir. — ^Item, ana ci^pariaone of 
der, ooTerit oara with blak relvettp and frein- 
jait with raid aOk and graita /uiti^ with knoppk of 

[FAST,a(fe. Diligently. Barbour, L 42.] 
FASTA, 9. A stone anchor for a boat, Shetl. 

foU." lBT«ntoriaa» A 1S39, p. 5Z 

''Itam, ana ehith ol aatate of freait cUtth of gold and 
oQTar, niitit aqoalie, % braid of cUith of cold, and ana 
athar of ailvor ; and upon tha ailver ooraeleria knotia 
of gold, oahoirol thair wontk aam/u«k/ fomiait with 
thra poDoia. and the toil, and oil freinyeit with threid 
of jnU." Ibid., A. 1561, p. 133. 

Oi Tt.faime^ bande en g^i^rol ; /aueeau, bande de 
loila I Si&tSa; Boq;iiefort. /Viw, a bunch ; Cotgr. 

FASSrr, jwrf. pa. Knotted. V.Fast. 

FASSON, Fasoune, Fassoun, b. 1. Fa- 
shion, make, build, S. B.ya«sm. 

'* Ado potter Til mak of ane moaae of mettal dioerae 
DOltk of defferant /oaiofM.'* CompL S., p. 29. Fr. 

t. The expense of making any article. 

<*lH]yanig that the aeid Walter deliaer nocht again 
the aeid chenyo of sold, that he aaU content and pay 
to the aaid Sdiir Wuliam for the faaoune of ilke vnoe a 
f^oDche croone." Act Dom. Gone., A. 14S0, p. 135. 

Ttm/ofom doea not merely denote the form of any 
thiqg, bat the '* nuking^ workmonahip ;'* Cotgr. 

FAST, Fassit, part. pa. Knotted, orna- 
mented with small lines, angles, or faces. 

*'T1ira onrtingk [cvrtaina] of dolmea /oMtf with 
aifaar and oilk.' LiTont. Gndia, Lady £. Boaa, A. 


*' A oarean of diamantia oonteningziii diamantia and 
ifii roaaa of sold ennamalit with \&k/asi and tablit.'* 
Liwitoriea, A. 1578, p. 262 ; also p. 288. 

''A oarean of diamantk oontenand threttene dia- 
Bumtia, with threttene roeea, enaniallit with blak/a«ii7 
and tablett.'* Ibid., p. 318.—'* Boeea of gold fasaU." 
Ibid. ▼. Tablr ▲ r ACS. 

Btaet Fast and Tablitj ornamented with hard 
black enameL 

Fr. /actUe^ petite face, on anperfide d*nn corpa taill^ 
k phmeura angleai Diet. Trev. 

FAST, adj. 1. Forward, prone to rashness 
of conduct, S. 

2. Hasty in temper, irascible, S. 

3. Applied to a person already engaged, or 
an utensil employed for a puipose from 
which it cannot be spared, AbenL 

▼OL. II. 

laL faaia k oaad in a aenae not veiy remote : Fonea 
nantioi, omboa naTea ad terram ligantur et firmantor ; 
VaiiL The word k from faeti^ finnara, to fadm. 
8n.-G. faetia denotea any tiling that confinna, beings 
need with great latitade. /Vietfjiian k a lover, a aweet- 
heart % q. a/otl man. 


'*They diaeharge any peraona whataomever, within 
thk reaune in any wyae to aell or buy any /wlaa rM 
or fallowe Deare, Daea, Raea, Harea,** Ac, Acta Ja. 
VI., 1600, 0. 23. MunrajT* 

Tlik may perfaape aignify red or fallow deer, that 
have been widotea in a park, aa dutinguished from 
thoae.that run wild; A.-S. /(uaten, a wall, wudm 
faetUenne, propusnacnlnm ailveatre, fad'-aUnoe, a paik, 
a place incloeed ; Moea-O. fcui-an, custoclire. Aa, 
however, the aale of all kinda of game aeems to be pro- 
hibited by thk act, it appeara doubtful whether/Suteft 
may not be a term atnctly conjoined with reid, am 
characteriaing the colour, and rea^mbling the modem 
phxuae/ati colourt, which k used to denote thoae that 
are not loet by beinc expoaed to the air or waahed. In 
thia acnae, it might denote a deeper cobor than that of 
the fallow deer. 

FASTEING, Wallace, ii. 33. Edit. Perth. 
V. Steino. 

FASTERYN-EVYN, Fastrynois.ewyn% 
Fastbonevin, $. The evening preceding 
the first day of the Fast of Lent. Fasterm^ 
eefif S. Fcutens een^ A. Bor. and Border. 
This in E. is called Shrove-Tuesdajr, be- 
cause then the people, in times of Poper}% 
used to apply to the priests to shrive tnem, 
or hear their confessions, before entering 
on the Fast. 

"Itbehuifitvthame to banquet hir a^pane ; and ao 
did banquetting continew till FctaironevtH and efter.** 
Knox's Hkt, p. 346. 

And on the FiutryMU-ewjfn rycbt, 
In the begynning off the nycbt, 
Tb the casteU thai tuk tha& way. 

Barbomr^ z. 873, MSL 

[In Skeat*a Ed. it k Fatieryn'tvgH in thk paaaage, 
and Fasiryn-tvifn in z. 440.] 

The S. designation k much older than the E. For 
Shrove-Tuefday ia not to be found in A.-S. Nor doea 
it appear that there k any particular name for thk day 
in that language. A.-S. fauten aignifiea a faat, in 

fmeraL But lulied to our word, aa denoting Shrove- 
ueaday, we find Germ. Fattnaeht^ FoMelaheHtl, Su.-G. 
FcuUtagenf Dan. Fouielaun, Bel^. Vcutenavond; abends 
agem, aun and amm^ all signifymg evening^ aa nachi k 

Our language retaina, not only Fa»iertui-ten^ but 
FK/e-een, and HaUow-^en. They were thus designed, 
because all the feasts commenoM and ended with the 
evening. The Northern nations, even in the time of 
Tacitus, begun their computation of the day in thia 
manner. Apud iUoe noz diem duzerit, De Mor. Cierm. 
Thia, indeeo, was the original mode. *' The evening 
and the morning were the first day.'* We have a rem- 
nant of the same ancient customs in the EL worda 
Se^tnnighi and Fortnight instead of aeven or fourteen 

The barbarous custom of pock-fighting, still per- 
mitted in aome achook on /'asfonw-een, k a relic of the 

A 2 




fofUk OuDiTaly or HmoAmtXum iwrtthi which it wm 
«MlOMnrlo otltfaffste M thii tiaM»ai ^preparaiiam 

FAT»«. AeaikorbamL 

'^Tluii tho diip^ haing bonnd lor AnMtordiutt, laden 
wWk 401 fait of pohnhw, tharo wore only docmnente 
^botid «o ahtw tho property ol 447 /ate." Stair, 
8ml. Dee., p. 168. 

Am-S. feL Tie t 8a.-G. fai^ ynm eajnaoiiiiqne generia ; 
TmiLwai^id. The B. term haabeoB greatly reatricted 

hi iti aenae ; bemg oonftiied to a yeaeel tliat oontaina 
Sqaids for farmentatioii. Kaian obeenree, that the 
TmL word ia ao general ao to be need to denote a 
tnu^ hooae^ ahip^ and any one thing whioh oontaina 
wi o lb er. Am in Glenn, it aaanmee the f onn ol «a«^ it 
ia tho ocigia of Fr. «aiafea«» and B. we§$d, 

VATfprmu Wliatya8proii.inAiigiis,Meam8, 

Jhf wad I fMO, that then hadft pnt thy thunb 
Upo^ tho weU tanhl tale tm I had cc 

JUm^§ Mdmartf fmneatum, 

' A aatit^ of the aame ooonty, in the oooiae of oon- 

iliaa with an RngJiehman, inade aome inqoiriea of 

lebiting to tho death of afriend in the Eaat Indiea, 

and aaid,TKil deed ho oT which the Enaliahman not 

■ndarataading; another Scotchman, by way of helping 
hia^ OTolaimedy •Jbfo'deed hof The letter/ ia aC 
wajfanaedittAberdeenahirelorw.'' Sir J. Carr'a Cale- 
doaiaa Shetohea^ pi 211. 

" Thta may moot probably be Tiewed aa a proof of the 
Mthen origin off the inhalntanta of the eaatem coast. 
For the aame pronnnciatioo, a little aoftened, extenda 
throodh Angna. It haa been obeerred by Mr. Pinker- 
ton,' that the northern nationa are "fond of doee and 
hard aoBnd% aa the cM dimate rendere their fibree 
njgidj and makee tham apeak much thnmgh their teeth, 
or with aa dloae lipe aa poaaJMe.** Hence, aa he aob- 
ioiM^ ** they pref er re d the eloee o to the open o, and 
thna changed the andent i>ikar to Ukar." In the 

^ the /ntee are by the northern nationa 
called rente} and i/ntland, rentiand." Enqnixy, 

Ob a dmilarflroond, jperfaapa^ may we account for the 
woofTforM. It aeema to ooweq^ond to the Fan 
of the Dorthom nationa. The Icdandera, it ia known, 
hare no IT, hot nee V inatead of it. The Oermana^ 
Swedei^ and Danea^ all proooonoe Ifaa F. . The/ of 
itar Mthen conntiea aeema to be merely a anbatitnte 
lor Fan of tho north of Europe, which the Oermana 
~ aa #*. For it ia obaerred tha^ in Aberdeenshire, 
aeeme to be a particular aTcraion to the hard 
of thia letter. jfiTcn where o oocnra in a word, 
it la aoun d ed aa w/ aa wetarf for eeaari. 

FATOH, 9. At thg faUk, toiling, dnidging 
AbercL; pezliaps oorr. from FasL 

FATOH-PLEUCH, $. Y. Fotch-pleuch. 

FATET» pnL Acknowledges. 

**Jn praaana of partar/otof.*' Aberd. Reg., Cent. 18. 
Thia aeema merely tno anbetitution of the Lat. term. 

FATHEBBETTER» a4^\ Sorj^ing one's 
father in any respect. This is a common 
pnnrefrbial ezpression, S. B. 

**ltamemhefjng myaerrico to yonr nod kind Lady, 
and her glowming eon, whom I pray God to Ueaa, and 
make/oAaiettcr, I rtat," Ac. BaiUie'e Lett, ii. 138. 

Thia wiah waa much mora a^nxpof than the good man 
oonld hare imamned at the tune. For the letter waa 
wiittaa to Lora Lauderdale^ afterwarda the Duke of 

that name, and the moot bitter pereecutor of that pro- 
faaaion which he had oooe eo aeiuoualy aupported. 

Thia term ia very ancient. laL faiidroetruigr, id. 
Tho term ia alao inverted s fteter fedrtrngar, Thia ia 
defined by Olana. qui ez inferioria aortia ortna parenii* 
bua, ad dignatea magaa perrenit. Lez. Kun. 

Father-brother, #• An ancle by the 
father side, S. 

" Failyieing theyoMer hrother^ and the airea lauch* 
fnllie gotten of hie bodie ; the father-aiater^ifateri«ra, 
koe ut AmUaJiod her iMumee auld aucoeede." Skene, 
Verb. Sign., to. Enqfa; alaOk Beg. hiaj., B. ii, c 25, 

8 6. V.^RODIB. 

Father-sister, tf. Anntbjr the father^s side. 
V. preceding word. 

Fathee-waur, adj. Worse than one's 
father, — ^f ailing short in goodness, Clydes.; 
nsed in opposibon to Father^etterf q. ▼• 

FATHOLT, 9. Perhaps, a kind of wood 
from Norway. 

"xij hnndretii foAaU at fonrtyah. the hundreth. 
Item, zxzij hundreth knappanld at zx ah. the hnn* 
dreth. Item, xiij aooir of aria [oara?] at four di. the 
peoe." Aberd. Beg., A. 1543, V. 18. 

Probably a denomination of wood from aome place 
in Norway ; aa holu denotee a email wood. 

FAT-RECKS, the Aberd. pronunciation of 
Whatrreckt. Y. Raik, Rak, a. Care. 

FatreikM I quo' IHll, it aeeda nae badder. 
i.e., idle talk, aynon. Bother. 

TaoTOi^t Foemtf ^ 12. 

To FATTER, v. a. To thresh the aunu or 
beards of barley, Dnmf r. 

C. B. fai, a amart blow, a atroke, fai-iaw, to atrike 
lightly, fatiwr^ one who atrikea lightly. O. Su.-0. 
ho^<if to beat. 

FATTRILS, $. pL 1. Folds or puckerings 
of a female dress, S. O. 

Now baud Tou there, ye're out o* aight, 
Below itkt/attriUf aaog an' tight 

Aime, ill 229. 

2. '* Fo/f reb, ribbond-ends,'' &c GLPicken. 

O. Fr./atmiOe, "traah, trumnery, thinga of no 
▼alne ; ** Cotgr. FcUrotUU-er^ "to play the fop, to buaie 

about fiJToloua ▼anitiee.^ Thia might aeem 
allied to Tent, faier^tn, nugari, friToU agere. 

FAUCH, Faw, Fewb, adj. Pale red, fal- 
low. It seems to signify dun, being defined 
a eolatir between whiU and ftrotcn, Shirr. 61. 

To the lordly on loft that Infly can lout ;— 
Salost the banld bene, with aae blith wout, 
Ane ftirleath before his folk, on feildis ae/iw. 

Osmm oiMf OoL, ir. 22. 

Ane lenye watt^ gumond did him wiil. 
Of cnllour/aaie^ achape like an hempTu taiL 

Jhii^ Virfil, 240, h. 41. 

Sometimee printed /auCA in ooneequenco of the aimi- 
larity of e and t in MSS. Ftwe alao occura. 

Himaelf the eowbfl with hia holm forth achewe, 
And qnhea him Hat halit vp aaliiySMe. 

Budd. thinka that thia ia melrl grvlta. But it ia 
naed without any auch reaaon. 




thm to Ibto v thd Ihm, thM frvkts milliyB, 
lad fltn ft« tht foratt to tht/NM ftllM. 

4Kr Omom Mil au^ Alt, L 7. 

P^riuwo it OMT Imto ngntfy ^rey. 

lAt./iv-«i^moBooFr./a«i«e,id. Bat tho foUowiag 
Korthem worda nuj bo allied ; A.-S. /oA, diocolor» 
Aiolfir. OL /Kmloi foaeoa ; /eo^v, /eoM. Mw; Tout. 

To FAIJCH, Fauoh, v. a. To fallow 
ground, to suffer it to lie» after being 
ploughed without a crop, S. 

. *' A port o£ fblding ground, onridiod by tho don^ of 
■iioop and ol catUo, pennod thereon in Summer, dunnff 
tho nijdit and heat of the dav, or faucked, (a kind m 
boatara fallow) and manured 07 a little eompoet dang, 
boio three^ foar, or Ato crope, and then, aocordinff to 

of the groand, waa allowed to rest foor, 
yeon." P. Montqahitter, Aberd. Statiat Aoc, 

**8ajand at [that] |io wald nodit oir nor /aMdU hia 
land aa air in the ywr." Aberd. Res.. Cent. 18. 

'*Thioreaby mentioaa fauffk, 'laUow eroand,' and 
espL to foMgh^ 'to plow, aiid let it lie fallow a aom* 
mar or winter;* without ipeeifying the proYince.** 
Bm^o Lett, p. 827. 

The origin leema to bo laL/iM^-a, O. Andr., p. 64.; 
8iL-0. /ewi,/ad-a. Teat, vaeak-em^ Qenn. ftg-en, par- 
aare ; aa one ^eieial dedgn of faUowi«g ia to deanae 
ma aba firam weeda. To " 

Qoneaponda A. Bor. to 
ftS(fh ot/eift to oleanao. 

Fauch, Fauoh, adj. Fallow, not lowed, S. 
¥• the 9. 

** It waa m ano fcmeh eaxd Hid rid land qohair they 
■MfTod for the tyme^ and the atoor waa ao great that 
aarir ana of thame might aie ane Tther." ntaoottie'a 
OoB., p. 499. 

Fauch, Faucfh, #• 1. A gingle furrow, out 
of lea; alao the land thus managed ; Ang. 

*^TbfBfamek», after being Ato yean in natural graaa, 

C\ a aii^e plowing, (hence they were called ofie fur 
) tho land oontinning without a crop for one year, 
nod then hearing four cropa of oati^ without any dung.'* 
F. Keith-halL Abeid. Statiat. Ace, ii. 535. 

**ThmfaMffkt are a part of the outfield never dunced, 
- Mid yet earrv naoaUy fire crope of oata, and nerer Icea 
than four, when in tillage, the other half of them ia 
alwava in lea ; but the crope, both of oata and naaa, 
whiflli they produce, are generally poor indeed.'^ P. 
Clnny, Abetd. Statiat. Ace., z. 239. 

'*raimen/aii(rA gara lairda laug^;" Bamaay'a 8. 
now,f p. 98. 

t. Metaph. applied to the tearing of one's 
character to pieces; most probably from 
the rough work that the plough makes in 
around that has been lying under grass, 

FAUCHENTULIE, (gutt) 8. A conten- 
tious argument, Meams. 

To Fauchextulie, v, n. To contend in 
argument, ibid. 

The latter part of the word ia undoubtedly tuityie, 
a broil or ouarreL -OaeL faehaim ia matter, cauae ; 
faekam^ fightine. Or ahall we trace the first part of 
tho word to/aca<, fight, q. faeht-anUulifk t 

FAUOHT, Faught, prtU Fought V. 

FAUCUMTULIES, $. pi Certain per- 
quisites which the tenant is bound to give 
to the proprietor of land, according to some 
leases ; as fowls, &&, Ang. 

FAUGHT, Faoht, Facht, 8. Struggle, 
battle, contention. V. Fecht. 

FAULDS, 8.pL A division of a farm so 
denominatea because it is manured by fold- 
ing sheep or other cattle upon it, S.B. 

" That part of the fann called outfield ia divided into 

two uneaual proportiona. The amalleat uaually about 

one third, ia called folds, provincially/at(/<f<: the other 

large portion ia denominated faughs. The fold uaually 

consista of ten diviaiona, one ojf whieh each year w 

- brought into tillage from graaa. With thia intent it 

la aurrounded with a wall <3 aod, the hut year it ia to 

remain in graaa, which forma a temporary incloeure, 

that ia employed a^a pen for confinmg cattle during 

the ni^t tmie, and for two or three houra each day at 

. noon. It thua seta a tolerably f