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>■ 75-.^ 



HiV^^JT/U^JO "X^MULV^lti^ 

J-lJI- -J /:^J^ . ^r^ipjUij^:^^. j ^j; y , ; , 


^,*^': A 

M. n 

oC^h^^^.,^i:h-^^ /^z^..^/i^^ 



or TBI 





or THX 













RyAbemethy4[ WaOter* 



The Etymological Dictionart of the Scottish 
Language, which was published in the year 1808, has 
been so favourably received, that although the impres- 
sion was large, a set is now rarely to be found ; and 
at any rate cannot be purchased at less than double 
the price paid by Subscribers. 

As many, who would wish to possess the original 
work, cannot now be supplied ; while it has still been 
out of the reach of others, not less interested in our 
national literature ; the Author has been advised to 
give it to the Public in an abridged form. 

He has followed the same plan with that of the 
abridgment of Dr Johnson's English Dictionary ; in 
giving all the terms contained in the larger work, in 
their various significations, the names of the writers 


by whom they are used, or the titles of the works in 
which they occur, and their derivations* In one in- 
stance only has he deviated from the plan of the great 
English Lexicographer, in placing the etymons after 
the definitions. This mode is undoubtedly the most 
simple ; as a reader, when looking into a Dictionary 
for the origin of a word with which he is familiar, or 
for the signification of one with which he is unac- 
quainted, must be supposed to turn his eye first to 
the definition, that he may know whether this is the 
word that he looks for, or whether, in the passage in 
which it has occurred, it can bear the sense there 
given, before he thinks of examining its origin, or can 
form any judgment as to the propriety of the etymon 
that may be offered. 

While this work contains a variety of words which 
are not to be found in the quarto edition, the Author 
flatters himself that he does not claim too much in sup- 
posing, that during ten years which have elapsed since 
it was published, he has had it in his power, from ma- 
ny sources formerly unexplored, to make considerable 
improvements both in the explanatory and in the ety- 
mological department. This, he trusts, will be evi- 
dent to any who will take the trouble to compare the 
one work with the other. 

In most instances, where he has met with new sig- 
nifications of the words explained in the larger work, 
he has inserted them in this, with their authorities. 
Such, indeed, is the copiousness of our vernacular Ian- 


guage, that he is far from pretending that he has had 
it in his power to give a complete view of it. From 
the recent publication of many of our old acts former* 
ly unprinted, from his own researches, and from the 
liberal communications both of friends and strangers, 
who have been anxious to render what they are plea- 
sed to consider a national work as complete as possible, 
the Author has been supplied with a great variety of 
terms which were formerly unknown to him. These 
he hopes to have it soon in his power to give to the 
public in an additional volume in quarto, in order to 
complete the former work. This, as far as he can cal- 
culate at present, will be equal in size to any of the 
preceding volumes. 

Edinburgh, \ 
May 6. 1818. J 


An Explanation of the Contractions used in this Work. 


Anglu Bomlis, North of 


Barbarous Latin. 











Moeso- Gothic, as preserved xa 


Alemannic laogiuge. 

Ulpbflaa's Venion of the 


Angus, county at 



Armorican, or language of 







Anglo-Saxon language. 




Belgic language. 




Cambfo-Britaimk, or Welth 



1 ^J^«- 


Participle present 



Persian language. 






Contracted, or Contraction. 




Cornish, or language of Com- 







Corrupted, or corruption. 


Pronoun ; alsot Pronounce, 








Q. or q. 



English language. 


Quod vide. 


French language. 


Scottish, Scotland. 


Prankish, Tbeotisc, or Tu- 


Denotes that a word is still 

used in Scotland. 


Frisian dialect of the Belgic. 


Scotia Australis, south of Scot- 


Gaelic of the Highlands of 




Scotb Borealis, North of Scot- 


German language. 

land ; also Northern Scots. 

CL Glo$», Glosearj. 




Glossary hy Mr James Sibbald. 




Greek language. 


Scotia Occidentalis, West of 


Hebrew language. 



Spanish language. 




In the same place. 


Suio-Gothic, or ancient lan- 


Having the same signification ; 

guage of Sweden. 

also, the same writer. 


Swedish language, (modem.) 






Irish hnguflge. 




Iskndic (or Icekndic) bin- 




Vide, see. 








Rides far rendering the use of this Dictionary more easyi 

Y TOwel, ufled by our ancient writers promiscuously with h being in ftct only 
double t, and printed {/ in other northern languages, is to be sought lbr» not as it 
stands in the English alphabet^ but in the same place with the letter i, throughoot 

Words not found in SH| to be sought for under SCH. 

Those, in like manner, not found in WH, to be sought for under QUH, express- 
ing the sound of the old Gothic guttural 

Words, improperly printed in our old books with ^ to be looked for under T 

In One Volume Sto, price 12 s. 



or TBS 




lUuUratedfiom the Moeso-Goihic, Angfo-Saxont Francic, 
jdlemannic, Suio^Gothic, Jiiandic, ^ 

xo WBICB IS pasnxBH 


«•• A few copies have been printed in royal 8to» price S4s. 

** Dr Jamieson, being amply provided with an accurate knowledge of the Yariouft 
** dialects of the Gothic Languages to be compared with the Grade, has proved 
*' the existence of a connection between them, more extensive and more intimate 
•* than could easily have been imagined, without so laborious an investigation, ixa. 
•' which he appears to have gone considerably further than his learned and ingenious 
*' piedeceiaoii Ihre and Rudbeck." Quabtjeelt Rivibw, Na zxvix, Oct 181^ 






•^H£ letter A baa, in^tbe Scottish lan- 
guage, four different sounda : 

l.^broad,aain£.a/?,t0atf. IT^iaoften add- 
ed, as in caldt cold, written also ea^ld ; 
and flometimefl w ; both as marks pf tbe 
prolongation of the sound. 

2. A sJiort, in iai, makt tak, S. as in la^ 
pait, E. 

5. A open, in dadt daddie, a fiuher» an4 
some other words, S. as in £. read pret, 
reatfy adj. 

4. A slender or close, in iane, tUane, alope, 
manef moan, 8. liko^^ice^ place, £. Tlye 
monosjrllablcs have generally, altfiough 
not always, a final e quiescent. 

A is used in many words instead ofo in £• ; 
as awe^ hone, long, tang, Uane, for antf 
bane, long, songtttone. For the Scots pra- 
aenre nearly the same orthography with 
the Anglo-Saxons, which the English 
hare abandoned. Thus the words last 
mentioned were written in A. S. an, ban, 
l^figf tong, ttan. In some of the nordi- 
em counties, as in Angus and Meams, 
tbe sound dee or a prevails, instead of 
at, in varioua words of this formation. 
Awe, bane, stane, &fi, are pronounced ein, 
bein, afn'ii, after the manner of the Ger- 

mans, wbo xise each of these terms in the 
same sense. 

When this letter Is written with an apostro- 
phe, as a*, it is meant to intiooate that the 
double / is cut off, according to the prcH 
nunciation of Scotland. But this is mere- 
ly of modem use. 

A is sometimes prefixed to words, both in & 
and old E^ yrbere it nu^es no alteration 
of tbe sense ; as abode, delay, which has 
picdsely the same meaning with bade* 
This seems to have been borrowed from 
tbe A. Sn in ifbicb language abidan and 
bidan are perf^ly synonymous, both 
simply signifying, to remain, to tarry. 

A, in o>mposition, ^metimea signifies on ; 
as agrufe, on tbe grufe or belly, S. ; Isl. ^ 
gn{^ cemu^ prond. Johnson thinks that 
a, in the composition of such £. ifords gs 
ande, afoot, atleep, is sometimes contract- 
ed from at» But these r^mts are unques- 
tionably equivalent to o^ sUte,onfooi, on 
sleep i on being used, in tbe room of a, 
by ancient writer^. 

A is used, by our oldest writers, in the 
sense pf one. The signification is more 
forpiblp than that of the indefinite article 
in English; for it denotes, not merely an 



indiYidual, where there may be many, or 
one in pardcuhir, but one eidusiveiy of 
olhen, in the same eenae in which ae is 
▼ttlgariy used. 

ABAD, ABADE, ABAID, «. Delay* 
abiding^ tarrying; the same with Bar, 
Badb. a S. tUrid'ont manere. WaUaee* 

ABAIU, part. pa. Waited, expected. A. S. 
ahad, expectatos. Douglai, 

2b A BAT, ABAW, v. o. To astonish. 
Ahatfd, part pa. astonished ; ahawedf 
Chaucer. Fr. abah^it, id. if. HaH» 

To ABAYSk o. a. To abash, to confound. 
Ahayttfd, part pa. Wyntovnu 

Fr. abati-'ir^ id. 

ABAITMENT, «. Diversion, ^wrt. 

Arm. ^t'G ludere, Aat Indus; O. Fr. 

tbaud'ir recreare, AtUUmem recreatio. 

ABAKyiidv. Ba€k,bdiind; Chaucer, id. 


IsL aabak retfursom, A. S.on doec, id. 

ABANDOUN. Jn abandoun, at aban^ 

dmm, atrandoiA. Barbour. 

Chaucer uses bandon as denoting free 

wUl, pleasure. . 

Vt. en dbandon, d Fdbandoth id. from 
d, bant rad donneTf to give up to inter- 
To ABANDON, v. a. 

1. To bring under absolute suljection. 


2. To kt looser to gire permission to act 
at pleasure. WaUace. 

3. To destroy, to cut o£ Wallace. 
Fr. abandotm-'fr, id. 

ABANDONLT, fldp. At random, with* 

out regard to danger. Wallace. 

ABA8IT, part. pa. Confounded, abash* 

ed. Douglat. 

ABATE, f. Accident; something that sur- 

prises one^ as being unexpected. 

£ing*s Quair. 
FV» abatt-re to daunt to overthrew ; or 
abet-ir, stupidum, hebet^an, reddere. 
To ABAW. V. AaAT. 
ABBEIT, t. Dress, apparel, O. £. abite. 
JSannatyne Poenu. 
Arm. abjft, ubyta, Lat habit^uSt Fr. 


ABBACY, ABBASY, s. An abbey. 

L. B. abatia, id. Acts Ja. ///• 

histrionic character, anciently exhibited 
in Scotland, but afterwards forbidden by 
Act of Parliament Acti Marie* 

.This was one of the Christmas sports ; 
and. as the andeoc Satumolia levelled 
all distinction of ranks, the design of this 
amusement was to ridicule the solenmity 
of the proceedings of an Abbot, or other 
digniBed clergyman. It is the same 
with the Abbot of Misrule, and distin- 
guished in name only from the Boy* 
Bishop, characters formerly well known 
both in England and in France. The 
principal personage was denominated the 
Abbot of Unreason, because his actings 
were inconsistent with reason, and mere- 
ly meant to excite mirth. 
.ABEE. To let (^. To let alone, to bear 
with, not to meddle with, S. ,To let be, £. 
ABEECH, ABI£GH,ado. Aloof, " at a 
shy distance,** chiefly used in the west of 
S. Stand abeigk, keep aloof. Bums. 
Fr. aboy, O. Fr. abai, abay, abbaisj £. 
at bay, O. E. abay. 
ABEKAVD, part. pr. Gmng astny. 

Lat aberrans, E. aberring. BeUenden. 
To ABHOR, V. a. To fill with horror. 

To A BY, V. a. To suffer for. O. £. abeye^ 
able. A. S. byg-an, to buy. Benrysanek 
ABIL, atg. Able. Wyntofpn. 

Lat habU'ih fV. habUe^ C.B. oM, 
Teut abel, id. 
ABIL, adv. Perhaps. V. Abli. 
ABYLL, atg. Liable, apt V. Am. 

ABITIS, s. pi. Obits, service for the 
dead. Bannatyne Poenu. 

Lat obU'US, death ; also, office for the 
ABLACH, t. A dwarf, an expression of 
contempt, S. B. Gl. Shirr^* 

Gael, abhackf id. 
haps, peradveoturey S. Yeable^seat id. 



A. S. ahalf III. uid Su. O. afi, strength, 
properly that of the bod j ; ajl^as, to be 
ABLINa adv, V. Ablc 
Above^ & Yorks. Wcstmorel. SarbMir, 
A. S. abufan, id. The ndkal tenn is 
evidently ufan, supn. 
7o ABR£D£,o.a. To publish, to spread 
•broML Gi^Sibb, 

A. 8. abraed-ath propakre. 
T9 ABREDE, v, n. To start, to fly to a 
aide. Cbatie. abraide, id. Henfytone. 
Abroad, at large, S. Surel. 

A.S. abred-an, extendere, or IsL a 
Arautf forth, in via. 
ABSTINENCE, s. A truce^ cessation of 
arms. Spottwood. 

Ft. id. L. B* abatinrntia* 
yiLl%parUjia. L Drest, appawlled. 

2. Equipped for the Held of battle. 

AetM Ja. IT. 

Fr. kabUl^er, to clothe 

ABULIEMENT, s. Dras, habit ; Fr. 

kabiiiment. BeUenden. 

AC, EC any. Bnt, and. Barbour. 

A.S. a«C eacj Mocs. G. entkf Alem. 

aukf Su. O. och, ockf Belg. ook ; La|> 

flc, etiam. 

ACCOMIE, f. A species of metal, S. V. 


To ACCORD. Used impersonally; at oe- 
eordSf or as aeeordt if lawt i. e. as is a- 
greeable or conformable to law. It baa 
greater ktitude of signification than the 
phrase^ at eftirit, which denotes any 
tiling proportiooalf convenient, or beoo- 
mhig, as writ as conformity. Lav$ tf^ 

To ACHERSPYRE, v.n. To shoot, to 
germinate, £. acroapire. Chaimerlan Air. 
A. & meekirt an ear of com, aecert Su. 
G. aakar, tHnm, and sptrOf the projjectjon 
of any thing that is long and slender. Gr. 
tOLfh summits, and owtifa, spira. 

ACHERSPIRE, «. The germination of 
mah at that epd of the grain from which 
tiie stalk gniw% 8. 


ACHIL, a(ff. Noble. V. Atbxi. 
7V> ACRES, ACRESCE, v. n. 1. To in- 
crease, to gather strength. BurO. 

S. Used as a law term in & to denote 
that one species of right, or claim, flows 
from, and naturally falls to be added to, 
its principal 

Fr. accroiit're, Lat aecreteeret id. 
To ACQUEISk o. a. To acquire. Buret, 
FV. acquit, acquiset part pa. ; Lat a«- 
ACQUART, AIKWERT. a^f. Cfosa, 
perverse^ S. Dought. 

A. S. aewerdt aversus, pcrvenus, £. 
ACTON, f. A leathern jacket, strongly 
stuffed, anciently worn under a ooat of 
mail. Stat. Bob. I. 

O. FV. auquetont kauciou^ L> B. alr#* 
toHt acton, id. 
ACTUAL^ adg. An actual mmitier, or an 
actual tnan, a phrase still used by the 
vulgar to denote one who is in full or- 
ders as a minister of the gospel, S. 

L. B. <ictut, oflicium, ministeritim. 
ADDETTIT,;Nirf.jM. Indebted. Ilotfg/a#« 

Fr. endebii, id. 
A DEW, used aa an a^. Gone^ departed. 
From Fr. adieu, used in an oblique 

A DEW, fiart. pa. Done. Wallace. 

A. S. adoa faone^ adon tbtlere. 
ADHEILL, «. The district in a now call- 
ed Athol. Barbour. 
Gael. Blair^dh'oUf BlauwAthoU, 
expl. " the great pleasant plain." 
ADDILL, ADDLE, t. U Foul and pu- 
trid water. DouglttB, 
2. The urine of black cattle^ Renfrewi. 
A. a odt, filthy gore, Teut add, fiMi, 
mire. Hence^ 
To ADDLE, V. w. To moisten the roots 
of plants with the urine of catds^ R«n- 
firews. Su. G. adl^a, mijere. 
ADIST, pnp. On this side^ & It is oppo- 
sed to ayont,l e. on the other side. Xelly. 
Feihapsftom Germ. ditt. hoc, £. Mif. 
To ADORNE, V. a. To worship^ to adon. 
Abp. ffawUUoun, 


ADRED,atfo. Downriglit Douglas, 

IV. adroitt or droit, rights straight, Lat. 

direct'Utt Rudd. 

ADREICH, atffr. Behind, ftt a dittuioe. 

21»yMZow adrtich, to follow at a oonn- 

deraUedirtance, & B. .^Irfri^A, Q.E. 

From the adj. Dreich, q. ▼. JSSfttfiufew 

ADREID, coi|/. Lest. Police Satu 

Imper. of A* & tidraed'an tlmere. 
ADRESLY, adv. With good addren. 

AE, tuy. One, S. V. letter A. Ramsay. 
AE^ddv. Always; E. o^. Z.Boyd* 

IsL a«^ lemper, Moes« 6. atii; ftHemum. 
AER, «. Oar. V. Aia. Stat, Gild. 

To AFATND, v. a. To atteinpt, to en- 
deaTOur, to try. Wallace. 

A. S. afand'ian tentare. 
FAULD, £PFAULD,a<^ 1. Honest, 
uprii^t, without duplicity, S. 
& Used to denote the unity of the divine 
essence in a tfinity of persons. 

Moes. G. ainfalth, laL ehifhuld, A. S. 
at^pealk, simplex. Immediately (rom S. 
aorae qm, osaAJtUd fold. 
AFF, ode. Off, S. IZost. 

Moes.^. IsL Su. G. Dan. Belg. ^ Gr. 
ay», af ', Alem. and Lat, ab, 
Affat tke knot, lunatic, deranged, S. B. 
j^ and on, 1. Applied to those who 
lodge on the same floor, S. 
2, Without any permanent change, used 
in relation to the sick, S. 
J^or on, determined one way or ano- 
ther, aa in regard to a commercial trana- 
action, S. 
AFFCAST, s. A castaway. Bruce, 

From qj^aff, and coht, 
AFFCOME, f. 1. The termination of any 
business, the reception one meets with, 
as, " I had an m qjfcome,** a 
S. Sometimes used in the sense of es- 
cape, & q. ** coming off," 
AFFECTUOUa 04;. Affecaonate. V. 
EvFacTUOoa. Abp. HamiUoun, 

FERE, s. 1. Condition, state. Barbour, 


8. Warlike preparation, equipment for 
war. HTaUace, 

S. Appearance, shew. Barbour, 

4. Demeanour, deportment Maitland P. 
V. FAia, FcEE. 

AFFERUjMrf.jM. Aftaid. O. £. qjfmd, 
■ vulgar E. a/hard. Douglas. 

A. S. afaered, territus. 
AFFERiS, EFFElRS,;>er9. 1. Be- 
comes, belongs to, is proper or expe- 
dient; frequently used in our laws. 


5. It sometimes sigpifies what is propor- 
tional to^ S. Acts Counc 

O. Fr. affer^ir, appartenir, Lat af- 
AFF-HAND wg. Plain, honest blunt, 
given to free speaking. & q^it-Aond, 
AFF*HAND, adv. Without premedita- 
tion, S. Ramsay, 
AFFLUFF, AFFLOOF,adi;. 1. Without 
book, off hand. To repeat ajf/u/Zr, to de- 
liver merely from memory, without ha- 
ving a book or notes, 3* 
2. Extempore, without premeditation, S. 
From & o^off, and /^, the palm of 
the hand. 
AFFPUT, *. Delay, or pretence for de- 
laying, S. 
AFFPUTTING, aty. DeUying, trifling, 

dilatory, putting off, S. 
AFFRAY, s. Fear, terror ; Chaucer, id. 
Fr. affre, ^ffroi, teneur. Barbour, 
AFFROITLIE, iM/v. Afinghtcdly. 

Fr. ^ffroy^r, to frighten, Douglas. 
AFFSET> f. 1. Dismission, the ac^ of put- 
ting away, S. 

S. An excuse, a pretence^ S. Boss, 

Moes. G. qftat'jan, amovere. 
AFFSIDE, f. The farther side of any ob- 
ject S. Su. G. a/Udes. seorsum. 
Agitated, in a flutter, S. V. Flocht. 


AFORGAYN, prep. Opposite to ; the 

same with FoRKQAiMar, q. v. Barbour. 

A. S. or^fbran, ante, coram, and gean^ 

contra ; on being changed into a in S* 


and £., is onweg into away. Foran on* 

gean, ex adreno. 

AFORNENS» prep, Oppottte ta V. 

FoKS-AHEwr. IFjfniowH. 

AFTEN, adth Ohea, & Itanuay, 

A. S. aeftt itcniin. 

AFTER ANE, adv. Alike, in tbe same 

nanner, in one form, S. i. e. after one, 

AFTER^CLAP, «. Evil conicquenoe, S. 


AFTERHEND, adv. AiWrwarda. V. 

latt milk taken from a cow, S. Lahcath. 
Derhyih. id. A. & a^fter pott Morison. 
AGAYNE, AG ASE, prep. Against, & 
A. S. gean, agen, ongean, Sn. G. fen, 
igeiu Itl. gegn, gen, contra. 
AGAIT, adv. On tbe way or road. V. 
Gait. Wallace. 

A in tbe lenie of on, and gait, a wajr. 
AGATISk adv. In one way, uniformly. 

A one, and gaiu tbe plar. or genit. of 
A. S. gat, a way. 
AGEE, A-JEE, adv. 1. To one tide, & 
To look ag^, td look aside^ GL Yoiks. 

S. A-jar, a little open, & Burnt, 

From a on, and J^, to move^ to tuhu 
7b AGENT, o. a. To manage, whetber 
in a court of law, or by interest, S» 

To AGGRI8E, v. a. To afflrigbt, to fill 
witb honor. Agryte^ Chaucer, to shud- 
der, to make to shudder. Douglas. 
A. S. agryt^an, borrere. ^ 
AGLET, A-GLY, adv. Off the right 
line, obliquely, wrong, 8, Burnt. 
V. Glit. 
AGRUFE, adv. In a flat or groyelling 

position, S. V. Gavra. 
AG WET. f. The name anciently given to 
the hill on which tbe castle of Edin* 
burgh stands. JIatdyng. 

Can. from C. B. Agned^ Cattelmynyd 
Agned; pcibaps^ q. " the castle of the 
rifted mount,'* agen, signifying a cliff, 
ageju'ad, id* agenedig, rifted. 


AHIND, Alimr, prep. Behind, S. 

Buchan Poems. 
A, S. kindan, post, aet kindan, a ter- 

gp, on'kindert retrorsum. 
AHIND, AHINT, adv. 1. Behind, in 

respect of places S. 

8. Late, as to time, S. 

3. Applied to what remainsi or is left, S. 

AICH, s. Echo, S. B. 
AIGARS, t. Grain dried very much in a 

pot, for being ground in a quern or 

hand-mill, S. B. ^ 

Moes. G. akran,mt. G. aker, IsL akurf 

com; A. S.aecertBn ear of com. 

AIGAR-MllAL, t. Meal made of grain 

dried in this manner, S. 
AIGAR-BROSE, t. A sort of pottage 

made of this meal, & 
To AIGH, if. a. To owe^ to be indebted; 

aighand, owing, S. B. 

Su. G. aeg-a, IsL eig^a, debere ; Moes. 

G. aig-an, A. S. ag'on, habere, possidere. 
AIGH INS, «.p^ What is owing to one^ 

especially used as denoting demerit 

When one threatens to correct a child 

who is in fault, it is a common exprea« 

sion, ** I'll gie yon youroig&tnjb" S. B. 

Moes. G. aigint, posseasion. 
AIGLET, i. 1. A tagged point, GLSibb. 

2. A jewel in one's c^>. GL Sibb. 

Fr. etguilette, id. q. aatleata. 
AIK, AYK, t. The oak, S. Plur. akit, 

oaks. Douglas, 

A.S. ae, aec, Alem. Gena»eicke, Su. 

G. ek, Isl. eik, quercus. 
AIKERIT, />arf.a<(;. Eared; weUyaik' 

ertt ha? ing full ears ; applied to grain, 

Tweedd.^Pron. yaikert. V. Aioaes. 
AIKR A W,'<. Pitted warty lichen, L.scro- 

biculatfis, Linn. South of S. V. Stahi- 

«AW. Ligkffbot. 

A YLE, t, 1. A projection from the body 

of a church, one of the wings of tbe 

transept, S. 

S. An inclosed and covered burial phKe, 

adjoining to a church, thon^ not form- 
ing part of it, & Spalding, 
Moeti G. and A. S. alk, templum. 


AILICKEY, f. The brid«groom*i man, 
be who attends on the bridegroom or is 
employed as his messenger at a wed- 
ding, Ang. 

Su. G. e marriage, and lackeif, Ft, 
lacquatf, a runner. 
AIN, a€{j. Own, S. V. Aww. 
AYND, END, s. The breath; also writ- 
ten ends A. Bor. Tone, id. Barbour, 
Isl. Su. G. ande, A. S. ond^ haUtus» 
To AYND, BAND, v. a. To breathe up- 
on. Betlenden, 
Isl. and'Ot Su.'%. and»as, respirare. 
AYNDING, «. The act of breathing. 

AYNDING.STEDE. t. A breathing- 
place. Douglas* 
AYNDLESSE, atg. Breathless, out of 
breath. Barbour, 
AINS, adv. Once. V. Anis. 
AIR, AYR, AR, ARE, adv. 1. Before^ 
fonneriy. Wallace. 
S. Early. Fell air, wery early in the 
morning, ^im*, compar. ; aire$t, soperl. 
Are morroWf early in the morning. 

Moes.G. air, A.& aer, Alem. er» 
Belg. eer, ante^ prius; also terapusma^ 
AIR, atif. Early, S. JbiifTt. Lond, 

AIR, t. Expl. <* hair, used for a thing of 
no value. " Bannatyne Poenu. 

IsL aur, the smallest thing imagina- 
oar ; still used, S. B. Wallace, 

A. S. Alem. are^ IsL aar^ Dan. aerCf 
Su. G. ara, 
AIR, AIRE, AYR,<. An heir. BaHnmr* 
MoeSi G. arbU Su. B, arf, haU hoe' 
res, id. 
AYRSCHIP, t. Inheritance, & 

Jets Ja, III, 

AIR, AYRE, AYR, «. An itinennt court 

ofjuatioe; E,Eyre, Wallace, 

Lat iter, O, Ft, Hre. 

AIRN, s. Iron, S. Aims, pi. Fetters. IsL 

ianiy So. G. imi. V. Iahx. 


Quarter of the heaven, point of the com- 
pass, S. Douglas. 

2. A particular quarter of the earth. 

On every art, on every hand, on all 
sides. Douglas, 

GaeL aird, a cardinal point; Germ, 
or^t u*art, Belg. ootde, a place or quarter; 
IsL vart, Moes» G. wairths, versus^ to- 
To AIRT, ART. ERT, v. a. 1. To di- 
rect, to mark out a certain course, used 
with respect to the wind, as blowing 
from a particular quarter. S. Law Case, 

3. To give direction or instruction, ia 
order to find out a certain person or 
place, or any other object, S. 

Sir J. Sinclair. 
5* To airt on, to urge forward, Gallo« 
way. Davidson, 

AIRT and PART. V. Art. 

AISLAIR, a<ff. Polished, S. 

Abp. Hamiltoun, 

the same sense with E. easement, as de- 
noting assistance, accommodation. Ff.' 
aisemeni, coromodum. Stat. Bob, I. 

AIT, oat or oaten. V. Aits. Douglas. 

AITS, s. pi, Oats, S. Wild aUs, bearded 
oat^grass, S. Avena fatua, Linn. 
A. S. ata, ate, avena. 

AITEN, a4j^ Oaten, S. Bitson. 

AITH, AYTHE, s, Auoath. V. Athe. 

AITH, or AIFTLAND. s. That kind of 
land called infield, which is made to 
carry oat» a second time after barley, 
and has received no dung, Ang, 
Perhaps from A. S. aefi, itenun* 

AITH-HENNES, *. pL Apparently 

heath-hens, as being bred on the heath. 


AYSYAMENT, s. V. Axsxbnt. 

AIZLE. s, A hot ember. V. Eiskl. 

AKYN. a((;. Oaken. Douglas* 

ALAGUST, s. Suspicion. V. ALLAGuax. 

ALAISiS.p/. Alleys. Wallace. 

ALAK, WaUace. V. Lak. 

storm finch, ProceUaria pelagica» linn. 


Kilda. ^tfamoMi is the proper pronun- 

cuuioii. Neili. 

ItaL alot m. wia^ and motot motioo. 

ALANE, ALLANE, ai{}, Akme, & 

AlciD. alain, Gorm. oii^'n, aloM ; from 
att omnia, aod otn, eitu unus. 

ALANERLIE, ado. V. Allamxelt. 


AL ARS. ^fon yrlt apptfently* the g»te 
orenpfead wHh alder. Po/tcf ITon. 
A. S. air, Alem. ettra, the alder ; Su. 
G. alar, of or belonging to the alder- 

ALAWE, ado. Downward, below. V. 
Law, Lawk. 

ALBLASTRIE, f. Apparently, the ex- 
ercise of the erom-bow. V. Awilas- 

ALCOMYE,!. Latten, akindofmized 

metal atill used for epooni. Hence, ^«- 

eomk ipuneit tpoons made of aldiymjr, 

8. B. D^ugloi. 

From FV. ol^MeiMeor O.E. aiekym^, 

ALD, ALDE, AULD, a^. Old, S. 

Yorki. O. £. old, id. Wyntown. 

A. S. eaUU Alem. aU, Tetns ; derived 

ftom A. & eaUMan^ to remain, to stay, 

to last, Alem. aUeUf to prolong. 

T» ALEGE, V. a. To absolve ftom allc- 
gianee. Fr. alleg^er, id. IFyniowfu 

ALEUIN, aty. Eleven. Complaynt S, 


1. Every way. Douglas. 

2. At all events, by all means. Douglas. 
O. £. off gate, R. Brunne ; tdl gales, 

Chaucer. From all, and goii, or gaUst 

L e. all ways. 
ALHALE» ALHALELY,ade. Wholly, 

entirely. Douglas. 

From ail, and kale, haii, whole. 
ALIENARE, s, A stranger. Douglas. 

Left, oiiim-iff . 

1. Alliance. Wallace. 

S. Anally. AeUJa. VL 

3. Sometimes used as a pinral noun, 
signliying allies. Bellenden. 

Fr. oHie, with a Saxon termimuion. 


AL YAND, pari. pr. Keej^ng dose to* 
gether. Wallace. 

Ft, aUi-er, to join, to knit. 
To ALYCHT, v. a. To enUgbten. 

A. Sb ohfiu-an, illuminare ; alyhS' 
njfsse, illuminatio. 
ALIST. Tocomealisl. To recover from 
fiiintness or decay, applied both to ani- 
mals and vegetables; to recover from a 
swoon, S. B. Boss. 

IsL lios, light ; aliost, the dawn of 
day ; at koma i liosi, to make manifost. 
ALYTE, ath. A little. V. Lrb. Ltfwisay. 
ALLAGRUGOUS, at^. Grim, ghastly* 
Jbtim. JLofid. 
Perhaps from aU, Moes. G. aUa, and 
gruous, ^utttly, q. v. 
ALLAGUST,<. Saspidoo. Jbum. IxmA, 

Fr. a le goust, has a taste or smack. 
To ALL AY A, v. a. To ally. Complaynt S. 

Fr. aUi-er* ^ 

LENARLY, ado. Only, sdely, S. 
From aU, and aMerly, only. tleg. M^. 
ALL ANYS, ath. Together, in a state 
of union. Wallaoe. 

From all, A. S. eatt, and onet, the 
genit of aw unus, q. all of one. 
ALLARIS, ALLERISk Common, uni- 
versal, an old genitive used adjecdvely* 
O. E. aire, id. Wynto^m. 

A. S. aUera, gcnit pL of ai<, omnia ; 
Belg. alter, id. V. Allie. 
At random, S. Fr. d fa voUe. PUlotus: 
Giddy, volatile ; ** An atte-voUe chield," 
a volatile follow, S. 
ALLE-MEN, a<(f. Common, universaL 
Su.G. all-maeth communis Teut. 
attefnan, omnia homo^ ai-ghemeyu, uni- 

ALLAR, ALLER, s. The alder, a tree, 
S. Statist, Am. 

ALLER, ai». Wholly, entirely, altoge- 
ther. jttter»kale, a pleonasm. Barbour, 
O. E. aider. Id. often preBxed lo aau* 
pertetive. V. Auabisi 


ALLERIS» «. pi. The same with At- 
lABif. Douglas, 

AhhE\I^, AUowed, idinitted. 
Bannatyne Poems, 
A. S. alff'Oji, coDcedere, permittere ; 
Su. G. /q/iva, Mocs. G. /au^-ioiii id. 
ALLIA. V. Alta. 
ALLYN3» otfo- Altogether, thoroughly. 
GaiMft and Gd. 
Su. G. atffMgit* allaengiSf A. S-allsngOf 
eallengtt, omnino^ pronus. 
ALLKYN, ALKIN, att;. AU kind o^ 
Jiw kin kind, S. B. Douglas, 

A. S. eall^cyn^ omnigenua. 
ALL OUT, adv. In a grail degree, b«- 
yond compariflon. Barbour. 

2\» ALLOW, v,a, 1. To approre of, gene- 
rally with the prepw oftx^bjoinod. Bollock, 
S. To pfBise, to oommend. Douglas* 
Fk*. aUoU'er, approbare^ Su. G. fg^a, 
Although, S. B. abies, Loth. Jour, Lond, 
Perhaps corr. from albeii, 
ALLRYN^ a4j. Constantly, progressive, 
applied to time. Barbour, 

A. S. all omnis, and rinn^an, currere. 
ALLSTRYNE, o((/. Ancient 

Maitland Poems, 
A. S. aid, old, and strynd, generation, 
or sir!^*an, to beget. 
ALLTHOCHTE, coii;. Although. 


A. S. allt all, and thohte, part pa. q. 

•* every thing taken into consideration." 

V. Thockt. 


Wholly, entirely. Douglas, 

A. S. otf omnis, and uter, uUer, ezte- 

lior, from ut extra. 

ALL-WEILDAND, atff. All-governing. 

A. Sb oO, all, and weoltf-an, to govern ; 
Franc, attuualt, IsL all'Valdur, omnipo- 
ALMANIE WHISTLE, a flagelet of 
a very small sise, used by children. A- 
bent Thus denominated, because whis- 
tles of this kind were originally import- 
ed from Jlmanie, i. e. Germany. 


rooner, or dispenser of alma. Dtmbar, 
From AlmouSf alms. 
ALMERIE, ALMORIE, s. Anciently 
a place where alms were deposited or 
distributed ; in latter times used to de- 
note a press or cupboard, where utensils 
far house keepiqg are laid up ; the same 
with E. ambry. Dunbar. 

O. FV. almotre, aumuire, A. & alme- 
rige, repositorium, scrinium. 
Alms, S. jdlmesse, O. £. H^yntown, 
A. S. almest almesse / Sw. almosa ; Gr. 
ALPE, J. An elephant Jlftes bon, ivory. 
Gl> Complaynt & 
A. S. elpt Lat eleph^as / Heb. alaph, 
Every where. Douglas. 

From all, and quAare where. 
ALRY, a4f. For its different senses* V. 

ALRYNE, s. Apparently a watch-tower, 
or the highest part of a castle. 

Maitland Poems, 
Su. G. hall»a defendere, kaHatt pnc- 
sidium, kallarena watchmen. 
ALS, cof^. As ; generally employed in the 
first part of a comparison | ** jUs ftn 
as a lyoun,*' i. e. ** As fierce as a lion. ■* 
From A. S. ealles, omnino; or call 
swa, ita, tam. 
ALS, ALSE, adv. Also, in the same man- 
ner. V. Sua, Alsua. Barbour, 
A. S. eall swat etiam. 
ALSAME, ALSAMEN, adv. Altoge- 
ther. Douglas, 
Fh>m A. S. eall all, and same together. 
Aiem. alsamen, simuL 
ALSMEKLE, adv. As much. JcUJa,!, 

From als, and meUe, much, great 
ALSONE, adv. As soon, with as sub- 
joined. Barbour. 
Properly als tone, A. Sb eaU swa sona. 
ALSUA, adv. Also. Barbour. 

A. & alswa, sicut 
^LSWYTH, adv. Forthwith. Barbour, 

From all, and swiih, quickly, q. v. 
ALUTERLYi adv, V. Allutmiuje. 


ALWAIES» ALWAYia eor^. Al- 
tlANigli ; notwidutuiding, however. 

AVAILLE, X. Emnnel. King** Qwdr. 
Fr, Belg. emaOy Dao. amel ; Teut 
mael-^en pingen, A. S. maei^ imago. 
AMAIST, adp. Almost^ S. ameast, Wert- 
moral. Rots* 

A. S. eaimaett, Bdg. atmeett, id. 
AMANO, AMANG][S»|»tp. 1. Among; 
tfmang, S. Wcstmore). Wynioum. 

S. At intenralib occnioiiany. i9ar6our. 
A. S. mtff^wan. So. 6. momg-o, IsL 
meng^Of to mix, to blend. 
embuijr, at denoting the penoni sent 
•onaderad ooUectiTely:. Jhuglat, 

Fr. ambauade, id. 
AMBRY, «. A pren in which die provi- 
sion for the daily use of a family in the 
country it locked up, S. V. ALMxait. 
To mitigate, to appease. Barbour. 

Franc, mcxs-on, Germ, mtut'en, mo- 
derari, mitigare ; C. B. maw, toft. 
AMENE, a4;. Fleaaant. Douglas, 

Lat amoen'us, id. 
AMERAND, a^f. Green, verdant; pro- 
bably written amerautU DougloM, 

From the colour of the emendd, Fr. 
AMERIS, AUMERSl m. pL Emben; 
auMtrSf S. 0. 2}ougfat» 

A.&amyr»a, Belg. ameren, IsL «- 
AM YRALE, «. An admiral Wyntounu 
Vr^anuTaig Arab, nm/r, a lord, ameer 
ai omrak, prince of the prinoea. 
7b AMIT, o. s. Co admit. Waiiace. 

AMMELYT, part, pa. Enamelled. 

Fr. emmtt'tri L. B. awwyUarg, id. 
7b AMMONYSS, v. a. To admonish, to 
counael. V. MovnTiaOi Barbour, 

AMORETTI8» t. pi. Loveknots, gar. 
Jm«J«- Xing't Quair, 

Ft.amoureuet, love-tridcs^ dalliances, 
To AMOVE, AMOW, ». a. To move 
widi anger, to vex, to excite. Wyntowu 
Fr. emtffir-otr, id. 


AMOUR, 8. Love. Douglas4 

Fr. id. Lat afnor, 
AMSCHACH, 8, A misfortune. S. R 

Ir. Gael anshogh, adversity, miseiy. 
AMSHACK, s. Noose, fastening; pro- 
bably file same with Ham-sbackkl, q. v. 
Gl. Sibb, 
To AN, v.a. 1. To appropriate, to alIo( 
as one's own. sir TriOrenu 

2. To owe^ to be indebted to. Sir Trist^ 
Su. G. egn-a proprium facere, from 
egen proprius; A. a agnian possideiv^ 
from agen proprius. 
AN, AND, conj. 1. If, a « ^ and Jln^ 
spoils mony a gude charter," S. Prov. 

2. Sometimes used as equivalent to E. 
although. w. Guthrie. 

Su. G. aen si, et ; Isl end, id. 
7b ANALIE, v. a. To dispone, to alien- 
ate ; a juridical term. Beg. Maj. 
By transposition from Lat. alien-are. 
ANALIER, «. One who alienates pro- 
perty, by transporting it to another 
country. Lat atien-ator. Stat. Bob. L 
To ANAME, V. a. To call over namei^ 
to muster. ITyntown. 
«""• -rfcto Ja. /• 

^^^ GL Sibb. 

AND,coi|;. V. Ak. 

ANE, atff. One, & Barbour. 

Moe8.G. otR; A.S. on, ane,- knc. 
Su. G. am mod. Su.Cen; Isl Genn. 
ein s Belg. een, id. 
ANE, article, signifying one^ but with less 
«"?•'"»«• Barbour. 

To ANE, V. n. To agree^ to accord. Pret 
"^^ Wyntown. 

Germ, ein-en, concordare, convenire ; 
Su. G. <fn.a, firmiter afiquid proponcre;' 
Isl. eining, unio; Su.G.e«i^; Gcrml 
einig* concors. 
ANEABIL, 8. A single woman; pro- 
perly one who is used as a concubine. 
Beg, Maj. 
O. Fr. anable, habile, capable, conve- 
nabl^from L.B.inhabil'is, valde habilis- 
GL Roquefort 


<iN£DING, s. BraUhiog. V. Atxd, «. 

ANEFALD, a<(;. Honest, acting a faiths 
ful part, the same with Afaux Douglas* 
ANELIE, adv. Only. R. Bruce. 

ANELYD, fart. pa. Aipired; Utcimlly, 
panted for. WynUtwu 

F^.anAc/-^, to aspire afVer; LaLan- 
Aaf-ore, L. B. and^are, 
TIS»|m7»i 1. Over against, oppoute to. S. 
9. Concerning, about, in relation to; 
still used by old people, S. AcU Jo. I. 
Gr. avcivri» oppoeit uni ; A* S. o»i^eo«t 
ex auTcnou 
To ANERD. ANNERE: V. Axmcao. 
. ANERLY,ANYRLY,o4<v. Only, alone, 
singly. Hence allanerly. Barbour. 
A. & onre, tantuni ; Germ, etacr, so- 
Ins, from an and «tn, unus. 
ANERLY, ANERLIE, a^;. Single^ so- 
llury ; only. G. Buchanan. 

AiiETH, preju Beneath, S. 

Bard, Mintirelsy. 
A. S. on in, and neothan, deorsum ; 
IsL nedan, Belg. neden, Su. G. ned. id. 
ANEUCH, adv. (gutt) Enough, & 

A. S. gcnog, genoh, satis, deduced by 
II. Tooke from genog*an, multiplica- 
ro ; perhaps rather from Moes. G. jo- 
noh multi, many. 
AXEWIS^ " Budding ilowen," Tyt- 
lor. king's Quair. 

Perhaps rings, from Fr. anneau, an- 
ANGELL-IIEDE, f. The hooked or bar- 
bed head of an arrow. Wallace. 
A. & Dan. Germ, angelt a hook, an 
angle ; Teut. anghelf a sting, O. Teut. 
anghehent to sting. 
AXGIR, s. GrieC vexation. Wyntoum. 
Gr. dyy^ict grief; IsL angr, dolor, 
moeror; Su. G. Isl. angra, dolore affioe- 
re, deduced by Ihre from aimg-a pre- 
mere, arctare. 
ENHERDE, v. n. To consent, to ad- 
here. Wyntown. 
A. S. anhrded, anraed, signifies con- 


stans, concon, unanimis; appavenlly 
from ait one^ and raed oounseL But I 
find O. Fr. enherdanee rendered by Ro- 
quefoit, adherence, attadiment. Lat. 
inhaerere, to cleave, or stick last in, or 
to^ is therefore the more probable origin. 
ANIEST, odt^. orpnTK On this side of, 
Ayrs. ; q. ** on the nearest side.** This 
is opposed to Aditi, adietlj on tfiat side. 
A. S. on neawiMef in vidnia, prope 
ad ; or oa and neaku pnmnnis» from 
neah near, £. nigk. 
AN YD, pret. Agreed. V. Avb, v. 
AN YNG, 5. Agreement* concord. 

ANISr ANYS, AlNS,adt*. Once; pnm. 
as aiuse, or yimccy S. eenxe, S. B. 

The geniL of A. S. an, unusr one, 
ancs nuius, also rendered aemd, q. ac- 
tio unius tcmporis. 
ANIS, ANNIS, s. pL 1. Amcs. 

Ckron. & P. 
2. Metaphor used for foolish fellows. 

Bannatyne P. 

Fr. asnCf Lat asinus; Su. G. asna, 

Isl. Cine. 

ANYS, the genitive of Jne, one. V. Amis. 


DLE, s. A hermit, an anclioritew 

A. S. ancet'sale, an andiortte*s cell or 
aeat, a hermitage ; from ancer, a her- 
mit, Lat onocAoreto, Gr. «iys;(r0/i»r»<. 
ANKERSTOCK, s. A Urge loaf, of an 
oblong form. The name is extendedto 
a wheaten loaf, but properly belongs to 
one made of rye, & GL S&b, 

Q. an anckoriu's stock, or supply; 
or from some fimdad resemblance to tha 
stock of an anchor, 
ANLAS, «. PMperly " a kind of knife or 
dagger usually worn at the girdle^" aa 
the term occurs in Chancer; bat used 
to denote a pike fixed in Ae chevcron 
of a horse. Sir Gawan. 

Franc, anelaz, analeze, adlaterale te- 
lum, from lez latus, the side ; C. B. a7ig' 
las, a dagger ; L. B. andac^ius, id. 
ANN, «. A half-year*s salary l^ly due 
to the heirs of a minister, io addition tm 


what WM due eiprealy according to 
cbe period of hi* iocomibencyi & 

Fr. awMitt Im B. mmattu 
ANMAILLE, t. Enamel. V. Amaxi-lk. 
To ANORKfi, 9. a. To adorn. J)9U8fM. 

I« B« wom-are, Tertullian. 
ANSE, ANZE, £NSE,cof^£l8a,oUieiw 
wise, Ang. 

Allied perhapa to Su. G. aftnori aliaa. 
To ANTER, r.n. 1. Toadventufei S.B. 

S. To cfaaace, to liappen, S. B. 

9. In the ferm of a participle, as signi- 
fjipg ooeasionalf single, rare. An <in-< 
trin ane, one of a kind met with singly 
«nd occasionaUy, or seldom, S. Ferguttm, 
To be viewed as the same with Auv- 
na, q.T. 
ANTERCAST, s. A misfortune, a mis- 
cbanoe^ S.B. MotM, 

Anier, or aunter, adventure* and catif 
a cbanoe, q. something accidental* 
AKTETEWME, i. ** Antetunc, anti^ 
phone* lesponae,** L. Hailes. 

J9aniutfyne P. 
ANTECESTRE, s. Anancestor, a pre- 
decessor. . Let anteceuor. Wallace, 
AVAYH, part. pa. Ptovided, furnished. 

Fr. ttppat^, having reoaved a por- 
tion, appau'cr to give a portion, L. B. 
mpan/'are, id. tnmpam^ Lat pan'is, as 
originally denoting the supi^y of bread 
and other necessaries of life. 
APAYN, adv. 1. RelucUntlj, unwilling- 
ly ; sometimes written distinctly, apoyn* 
8. Hardly, scarcely. Wallace. 

3. It seems improperly used for in case. 


4. Under pain, at the risk of. In edi- 
tions, on payn. Wallace. 

Fr. d peute, " scarcely, hardly, not 
without much ado," Cotgr. 
A PER 8E, " An extrsordinary or in- 
comparable person ; like the letter A by 
itself, wbadi has the first phwe in the al« 


phabet of almost all languages ;** Rudd. 
Chaucer id. Douglas. 

Crabbed, ill-humoured ; sndl, calschie, 
S. syoon* Douglas. 

A. S. qfbr, afre, Isl. apwr, tasper, (as 
apurhflde^ acre irigus) ; and A. & sme* 
arte, Su. G. jmarto, pain. Haldorson 
remarks, that the IsL term is also ap- 
plied to one of austere manners. 
APERT, a<;. Brisk, bold, free. Barhaur. 
Fr. apjrertt expert, prompt ; Lat ap- 
parai'us, prepared. 
A PERT. In apert, adv. Evidently^, o- 
penly. Barbour. 

Fr. a/MTf, oftperf, open, evident; firom 
appar-oirf Lat appar.ere, to iqipear. 
APERTLY, adv. Briskly, readily. 

V. ArsRT, a^. Barbour. 

APIEST, APIECE, eo^j. Although. 

V. Alltuisft. 
APILL RENYEIS, A string; or 
necklace of beads ; q. a rein or bridle 
of beads, formed like 0p7)/tf«. Dunbar, 
APLIGHT, oi^i;. Completely; a £. a- 
pliht. Sir Tristrem. 

A.& on and p/i%/periculum,;i/ 
periculo objicere se. 
APON, APOUN,|wv5>. Upon, S.Barbour. 
A. S. iffh, Su. G. uppa, insuper, and on. 
APORT, APORTE, s. Deportment, car- 
riage. Wpntoumy 
Fr. appori, from apport^er, to carry ; 
Lat ad and port^are. 
To APPAIR, V. a. To injurs^ to impair, 
O. £. a])eir. Detect. Q, Mary. 
Fr. empcT'er, id. V. Park, v. 
RAILL» s. Equipage^ Aimiture lor war- 
fare, preparations for a siege, whether 
for attack or defence ; ammunitioi^ 

Fr. appareil, provision, furniture, pre- 
parations for war. 
APPIN, a<y. Open, S. Complaynt g. 
Dan. aaben apertos ; IsL opna fan- 
men. Wacbter derives Germ, offen, apcr- 
tus, from aufup. 
APPLERINGIE, s. Southernwood, S. 
- Artemisia abrotanum, Linn. 


Vr. apUe strong, and auronhe siAlth- 

ernwood, from Lat abrotanumt id. 

To APLEIS^ APPLESS» v. a. To utu- 

fy, to content, to please. Wallace* 

Apparently from an obsolete Fr, v. 

of the form of appldire, 

APPLY, 9. Plight, condition. Sir Egeir, 

FV. pli state, habit 

3b APPORT. ». a. To bring, to conduce. 

Fr. apport-er, id. R» Bruce 


approve. Douglas. 

Ft. ajfprouver, Lat approbate. 

AR, ARE, ado. Formerly ; also^ early. T. 

aV) AR, ARE, ERE, t-a. To plough, to 
till, S. to ear, £. Douglas, 

Moes. G. ar-ion. Su. G. aer^ia, UL 
fr-ta, A. S. CT'ian. Alem.«r-en, Germ. 
er-en^ Gr. ap-ttvy Lot ar-arc. Ihre views 
llcb. Y*^K ar-eix, earth, as the fountain. 
ARAGE, AVERAGE, t. Servitude 
due by tenants, in men and horses, to 
their landlords. This custom is not en- 
tirely abolished in some parts of Scot- 
land. ** Arage and carriage" ii a phrase 
still commonly used in leases. Skene. 
L. B. averag'iunh from oo<T-ia, a 
beast for work ; and this perhaps from 
Fr. ouvre work. 
To ARAS* ARRACE, v. a. 1. To snatch 
or plnck away by force. Wyntounu 

S. To raise up. Doughs. 

This sense is so diflTerent from the 
former, that it might rather seeni to be 
put for arratse, q. to raise up. 

Fr. arrack- er, to tear, to pull by vio- 
lence ; to pull up by the roots, from Lat 
ARBY. s. Thesea-gilliflower, Orkn. Neitt. 
ARBY-ROOT. «. The root of the sea- 
pink, or Statice armaria, Orkn. 
(gutt) a^. I. Averse, reluctant ; often 
including the idea of timidity as the 
cause of rel uctance, S. Douglas. 

2. Apprehensive, filled with anxiety, S. 
Chaucer, erkct weary, indolent 

Poptd. Sail. . 
A. S. earg, desidiosus, inen, s1olhful» 


cihiggisb, earh fugax, " timorous, and 
ready to run away for fear,*' Somn. Isl. 
arg'ur, reformidans ; arg^r piger, deses ; 
. Su. G. argt ignavos. Among the Goths 
arguTf L. B. argOt denoted a poltroon, a 

To ARCH, ARGH, v. ru To haailate, to 
be rriuctant V EaoH, v. 

tance, backwardness. Wodrow, 

2. Obliquely used for niggardliness, q. 
reluctance to part with any thing. 

Legend Bp. Si Andmis, 

To AREIK, ARR£IK,t;.a. To reach, 
to extend. Douglas* 

A. S. arecc'on, asseqoi, to get, to at* 

AREIR, adv. Back. To rin areir, to de- 
cline, Lyndtatf. 
Fr. arriere backward ; Lat a retro, 

ARESOUND, pret. Perhaps, called in 
question ; Fr. aresoner, interroger, qoea- 
tionncr, demander; ratiocinari § GL 
Roquefort. .^re^nisusedbyR. Brunne 
in the sense of persuade, or reason with. 
Sir TVijfrcnu 

ARETTYT, part. pa. Accused, brought 
into judgment Barb&ur, 

L. B. rect'ore, ret'Ore^ areit'Ore^ ac- 
cusare, in jus vocare, Du Cange. 

ARGENT CONTENT. Ready money. 
Vr, argent comptmtt, id. Bellendetu 

T\t ARGH, V. n. To hesitate. V. A&ch, 
and Eroh, tr. 

ARGIE, #. Assertion in a diapute, the 
specific plea which one uses in disputa- 
tion, S. B. 

Su. G. ierga, semper eadem obgan- 
nire ; Isl. iarg-r, keen contention. 


BARGIN, V. n. To contend, to bandy 

back wards and forwards, S. Argicbarging 

Loth. Eaggle'bargin, synon. Ramsay, 

Isl. arg ennged, jarg'a to contend. 

ARGEW, V. a. \. To argue, to con- 
tend by argument Bannaiyne Poems, 
2. To censure, to reprehend, to cbide 
with. Waliaee. 

Fr. argu-er, Lat. argu^€re, 

ARGUESYN, s. The lieutenant of a gaU 


ley; Im who hai die gorenimeiit and 
JteepiDg of the slaTM cominkted to him. 


Fr. argoudm, saCeUes Temigibus re- 

g^dift et cuttodieDdis praepooitus, Diet 

To ARGUMENT, v. a. ToproT«,toabew. 
Lat argviaoK-ari, to reason. 

ARK, 1. A large cheat, especially one u- 
sed lor holding com or meal, & 

BanmUyne Poetms, 
A. S. arc«, erc^, a diest, a coffer ; 
Alem. area / Su. G. ark, Lat. area, 
Gael. ofv. Hence, 

EaL-AaK, s. That kind of box which is 
placed in bkes, ponds, &c., for catching 
imd retaining eeU ; % term common in 

ARK ef a MUh the place in which the 
centre-wheel nin% S. 

ARK-BEIN, the bone called the m /n«- 
^ &B. 

To ARLE, V. a. 1. To give an earnest of 
any kind, & 

S. To give a piece of moniBy for con- 
finning a baigain, S. 
3, To put a piece of money into the 
band of a seller, at entering into a bar- 
gttn, as a security that he shall not sell to 
r while he retains this money, S. 

L. B. orrA-OTf, arrtiis sponsam dare, 
I'r. arrh^eTf arr^er* 
earnest of whatever kind, a pledge of 
liill possession, S. A. Bor. WynUmm. 
S. A piece of money given for confirm- 
ing a baigain, & A. Bor. Acts Jo, IV, 
8. A piece of money put into the bands 
of a seller when one begins to cheapen 
any commodity; as a pledge that the 
•eller shall not strike a bargain, or even 
enter into tenns with another while he 
letainstheor^i, & 

Lat. arrkabOf arrha, Gael, tarhu, id. 
ARLICH, ARUTCH, a<(^ Soie, fret- 
ted, painmi, & B. V. Aaa. 

Su. G. arg iratus, arg-a laeiere, Dm. 


omg, troublesome ; as we say, '^ an an- 
gry sore ;" or from Su. G. aerr cicatrix^ 
whence aerrig rulneratus. 
ARLY, adv. Early. Barbour, 

A. S. arHeet matutind. 
ARMYN, ARMYNG,«. Armoar,arms. 
ARN, <• The alder ; a tree, S. pronoun- 
ced in some counties q. arin. 

C. B. 'uem. Arm. vem, guem, Gad. 
Jkamt alnus. 
ARN, 0. tubit. Are, the third pers. plu- 
ral ; Chaucer am. Sir Gatvan. 
A. S. aron, sunt 
ARNS, 1. pi. The beards of corn, S. B. 

synon. awns. Franc, am spica. 

ARNUT, LOUSY ARNOT, t. Tall oat. 

grass or pignut ; Bunium bulbocasta- 

pum, or iexuosum, Linn. S. yumut. 

A. Bor. Ligktfoot, 

Corn from earth'nui. 

ARR, 1. A scar, S. A. Bor. Pock-arrs, 

the marks left by the small-poz, S. Lan- 

Su. G. aerrf Isl. aert cicatrix. 
ARRED,paW. ad^j. Scarred, baring the 
marks of a wound or sore. Henoe, 
Pock arred, marked bythesmall-pox, S. 
Dan. arred cicatrised ; Isl. aerra ci- 
catrices lacere. 
7V> ARRACE. V. Aaas. 
ARRONDELL, i. The swallow, a bird. 

Fr. arondeUet hirondelle, from Lat. 
hirundo, id. 
ARSECOCKLE, «. A hot pimple on the 
fece or any part of the body, & B. The 
term seems originally to have been con- 
fined to pimples on the hips; synon. 
with Teut aers'Ueynef tuberculusin ano. 
ARSEENE, «. The quail. HouUue, 

A. S. aertchent cotumix, also erg" 
chentit from ertc and kenn, q. galUna 
ARSELINS, adtf. Backwards, Qydes. 
S. B. Boss, 

Belg. aersel^etif to go backwarda; 
aerMeUng receding ; aeraeUncks, retrow 
ARSOUN, 5. Buttocks. Sarhour. 

ART, ARD. This termination of many 


vonda» denoidng a paiticvkur bahit or af- 
fection, is analogous to Inl. aod Gerni* 
art, Belg. aari, nature, dispoaition ; as 
£. drunkard, bastard f Fr. babitlard, a 
stutterer; & bombard, bumbart, a drone, 
Mtuniart, of a stubborn disposition; ha$t' 
ard, hasty, passionate:. 
ARTfliuf PAAT, Accessory to» or abe^ 
ting, a forensic phrase, S. used in a bad 
senses Art denotes the instigation or ad- 
vice. Part tfao share that one has in the 
commission of a crime. Brskine, 

The terms are frequently used in the 
way of dhpriminatton, " Art or part.*' 
Borrowed from the Lat. phrase, Ar* 
tern et partem habuit. 
ARTAILYE, j. Artyiery ; applied to of- 
fensive weapons of what kind soever, be- 
fore the introduction of fire arms. V. 
Artiluzd. Wallace, 

ARTATION, «. Excitement, instigation. 
L. B. artatio, from arto for arcto, are, 
to constrain. 
ARTILLIED, part, pa. Provided with 
artilleiy. PitscoUie. 

Fr. artiB'tr, to furnish witli ordi- 

ARTHURY'S HUFE, the name given 
to the constellation Arcturus. Douglas, 
V. HoiF. 

ARTOW. Art thou? used intenogative- 

ly, S. the veit> and pronoun being often, 

in colloquial language, conjoined in 

Scottish, as in Germ, and Isl. 

Id. ertut id. Jong's Quair, 

ErtoWf id. Ywaine and Gaunn* 

AS» cot^j, TThan, S. synon. with nor. Xelfy. 

AS, ASS, ASSE, ALSE, s. Ashes; plur. 
assis, S. ass and aiu $ A. Bor. ass. Cum- 
berl. esse, id. Dunbar, 

Moes. G. a^ Alem. asca. Germ. 
and Belg. asche, Su. G. and Isl. aska, 

ASSHOLE,!. The place for receiving the 
ashes under the grate; S. Lancash. ess- 
hole, ashole, id. V. Preceding word. 

ASCHET, «. A large Bat plate on which 
meat is brought to the table, 8. 
Fr. assiettef "atrencber-plate^** CoCgf. 


ASVNIS^ 1. pi. Asses. SeUendem, 

Fr. asne, Lat. ottn-KX. 

ASK, AWSK, s. An eft, a newt; a kind 

of lisard, S. ; asker, A. Bor. Wyniown, 

Gem. eideehs, eidex ; Franc, edehm / 

A. S. athexei Belg. egdisse, haagdisse, id. 

Wachter deduces the Germ, word from 

^, eg, ovum, and tyg^en gignere^ q. 

" produced from an egg." 


adv. Obliquely, asquint, on one side, S. 

Aslant, £. B, Brucep 

Swed. siant, obliquus, from dind latua. 

ASPECT, 1. The serpent called the asp, 

or aspik, Fr. a^nc, Burd, 

ASPERANS, adj. Lofty, elevated, pom* 

pous; applied to diction. WaUace, 

Fr. ojrptnin/, Lat. aspirans, aspiring. 

ASPERT,a<{;. Hanib,cruel. Klng'sQuair. 

Fr. asprep Lat os])er. 
ASPYNE, s. From the connexion, appa- 
irently meant to denote a boat Barbour. 
Swed. esping, a long boat> Teut A«- 
pinghe, espinck, cymba, a small boat 
ASPRE, adj. Sharp. V. Aspsrt. Waliaee, 
ASPRESPER, s. Perhaps q. " sharp 
spear;*' like aspre bow, also used by 
BUnd Harry. WaUace. 

Fr. asper, dur, nide^ baton noueux ^ 
Gl. Roquefort 
To ASS, p. o. To ask. JSenrysone. 

Germ, eisch-en, Fran, etscout inter- 
ASS, 1. Ashes. V. As. 
To ASSAIL YIE, v. a. To attack, to aa- 
sail. IFallaee. 

Fr. tusasH-ir; L. 9« adfa/-tre» assai- 
ire* invadere^ aggredi. 
ASSAYIS, f. Assise, oonvenlioB. 


ASSEDATION, s, I. Ale«e; a term 

still commonly used in our legal deed% 

& Baffour. 

2. The act of letting in lease. 

L. B. assedatio. Chaimerl. Air. 

To ASSEGE, V. a. To besiege. Wyntown. 

Fr. assieg-^r, L. B. astidiare^ obai* 

dere ; from Lat ad, andsedro. 

To ASSEMBLE, v. n. To join in battle. 



Fr. ussemU'er, from Su. G. taml^, 
Venn, sennUent Belg. •zamel-en, oongre- 
gare ; from Su. G. and Genn. cam, a 
prefix denociog aaaociation and conjunc- 
ASSEMBLE', i. Engagement, batUa 

ASSENTHE, <. The woid of war. 

Corr. from EMSEims, q. ▼. Barbour. 

ASSILAO, s. The stormy petrel, a bird ; 

Procellaria pelagica, Linn. Martin* 

Ferbaps from GaeL easealf Ir. eathtd, 

a storm. 

ASSILTRIE, f. An axle-tree. JDougtas. 

Fr. asteui, Ital. astilet tOM. 
SITHE, r. a. To make a composition 
to another, to satisfy, OldE. asteeth, 
asseth, id. AcU Ja. L 

Lat. ad and A. S. j/Me, vice ; Skin- 
ner. Rather from Su. G.and IsL meU-a 
conciliare ; reconciliore. Ir. and Gael. 
wdh'om, to make atonement 
SITHEMENT, «. Coropensatien, sa- 
tisfaction, atonement for an offence. At' 
sythmeni it stfll used as a forensic term. 
& O. E. ateeth, Wiclif. Wyntoum, 
Hiis word is stiil in use in our courts 
€]f law, as denoting satisfaction for an 
iigufy done to any party. 

Su. G. iaeUt reoondliation, or the 
fine paid in order to procure it. 
To ASSOILYIE, v, a. 1. To acquit, to 
free flrom a charge or prosecution ; a 
forensic term much used in our courts, 
a Reg, MaJ. 

2. To absolye from an ecclesiastical cen- 
enre ; as from excommunication. 

Old E. attoil, asoUen, and atoul, de- 
note the absolution by a priest; F, 

S. Topronounceabsolutionfromsinvin 
consequence of confession. 

Abp. JSataiUoun* 
4. To absolTe from guilt one departed, 
by saying masse^or the son! ; accord- 
ing to the ftith of the Romish diurch. 


5. Used improperly, in relation to the 
response of an oracle; apparently in the 
sense of resolving what is doubtfoL 


6. Also used improperly, as signifying 
to unriddle. Z. Boyd. 

O. Fr. auoiUf absoUlit dechaige, ab- 
sous, despens^; GL Roquefort; corr. 
from Lat. absotv-ere. 
To offer an excuse for absence ftom a 
court of law. Stat, IT. Wili, 

3. Actually to excuse ; the excuse of-^ 
fered being sustained. Quon. Attach, 
S. To decline the combat, to shrink from 
an adversary. Wallace. 

O. E. asoyned, excused ; R. Glouc. 
Estoine, a \eg^ excuse, Chaucer. V. 
Esaoimz, t, 

Fr. estoynevf exon-ier, to excuse from 
appearing in court, or going to the wars. 
Su. G. ton-a. Germ, sun-en, -to recon- 
cile, to explain ; Moes. G. tunj-aih to 
ASSURANCE, t. To toke assurance of 
an enemy ; to submit, to do homager 
under the condition of protection. 

Conijilaynt S. 
Fr. donner assurenient, fidem dare ; 
L. B. assecur^re, from Lat. ad and je. 
ASTALIT, part, jxi. Decked or set out 
Gawan and Got, 
Fr. estatl-er, to display, to shew. 
To ASTART, ASTERT, v. n. 1. To 
^tart, to fly hastily. £mg*s Quair* 

2. To start aside from, to avoid. 

JK'ing's Quair. 

Tent steert'en, to fly ; Germ, starxm 

en, to start up. 

ASTEER, adv. In conftision, in a bust* 

ling state ; S. q. on stir. Ritson, 

ASTRE, «. A star ; Fr. Chron, S, Poet. 

AT, cof^. That; O. £. id. Gower. 


Dan. and Swed. at, quod ; Su. G. att, 

a conjunction co r responding to Lat «/• 

AT, pron. That, which. Wyntown, 

AT ALL, Mb. « Altogether," Rudd. ; 

perhaps, at best, at any rate. Douglas, 


TONIS, adv. At once; & at ainze. 
V. Akis, Ants. Gmoan and Gol. 

coin, or rather copper washed with atl- 
▼er, struck in the reign of James VI. » 
of the value of eight pennies Soots, or 
two-thirds of an English penny. 

Prom the name of the assay-master 
of the mint. 

ATHARIST,HoulateIII.IO. V. Cith- 


ATH£, AITH, AYTHE, #, An oalh ; 

' plur. athis* Barhow* 

Moes.G. oiM, A. S. ath, Precop.elA, 

IsL aed, Su. C ed, Dan. and Belg. eed, 

Alem. and Germ, eid, juramentum. 

ATHER, e<n\j. Either. V. Athuu 

M, Bruce. 
Koble, illustrious. Uovlmte, 

A. & aethel^ nobilis ; whence Aeikd» 
ing, JlheUng, a youth of the blood royal ; 
^ Su. G. adelf id. ; cuUtu^, juvenis nobilis; 
deduced from ancient Gothic aeU, kin- 
dred. C B. eddy/ is also equivalent to 
Let. gens, cognatio. 
ATHIL, HATHEL, s. A poble prince^ 
a man, an illustrious personage ; piur. 
oMiTZef, (eiToneouslj ackilles,) hatkehs. 
Sir Gavion and Sir Gai, 
ATHIR, ATHYR, pron. 1. Either, 
whichsoever. Wyntovnu 

2. Mutual, reciprocaL Bdlenden. 

A. ^-aegther, uterque. V. Eithxr. 
ATHORT, prep. Through, & ; athvMxrU 
£. V. Thortodr. BaUUe. 

ATHORT, ado. Abroad, far and wide. 


ATIR, EATIR, s. Gore, blood mUed . 

with matter. Douffau 

A. & ater, aetter, aettors Alem. etVir, 

Isl. and Germ, eifer, Su. G. eMer, vene- 

. num ; from Alem. eit^en, to bum. 

ATO, adv. In twain. ^ Tri^rem. 

A.S. on IWQt in duo. 
ATOUR, 1. Warlike preparation. Vt. 
plow* attire. Burbour, 


ATOUR, ATTOUR£,|m^ I. Ow, & 


2. Across, S. Wallace. 

3. Beyontf, as to time ; exceeding. 


4. Exceeding in number. I^toim, 
, Fr. a towr, en tauTf au tour^ circum ; 

or Su. G. atf denoting motion towards 

a place, and oefwer, over. 

ATOUR, ATTOUR, adv. 1. Moreover, 

By andMttour, id. Laws, S. PitscoUie. 

9. Out from, or at an indefinite distance 

from the penolki peaking, or the olgect 

spoken of. Douglat^ 

To itand aUour, to keep off; to go ah 

Untr, to remove to some distlmce, S. 

By and qiinur* prep. Besides, over and 

abov0, S> Spalding. 

ATRY, ATTRIE, a^. I. Purplent, C9n. 

taining matter ; applied to a sore that is 

cankered, S. B. Bruce. 

8. Stem, grim, & B. ; attem, fierce, 

crad, snarling; Gloacest V. Ana, 

Eatir. Bot$, 

Belg. eUerig, full of matter ; eitCT'.eTi, 

to suppurate. 

ATRYS, s. pi. Perhaps firom Fr. o^owr, a 

French hood. U^aUon*s CplL 

ATRYST, I. Appointment, assignation. 

V. Trtot. Dunb^* 

ATTAMIE, a skeleton, & 

Abbreviated from Fr. anatomie, 


Apparently the wigeon ; being distin^ 

guished from the teaL AeU Ja. VI. 

Isl. HaUd-Tt turdus marinus. 

ATTELED, part. pa. Aimed. Sir Ga. 

wan and Sir Gal. V. EnuE. 
ATTEMPT AT, i . A wicked or injurious 
enterprise. BeOendetu 

L. B. attemptat'io, nefaria molitio^ 
scelus, GalL attentat t Du Cange. 
spider, S. Attercop* aUcfcob, id. A. E|or. 
2. An ill.natured perMm ; one of a vt« 
rulent or nvdignant disposition, & 

A. S. tttter-coppCf atter-coppot arsnea, 
from aiter Tenenum, and coppe calix» ^ 


'* a cup full of venom ;'* like Isl. eilrorm- 
m lerpeot, i e. *' a poisonous worm." 
ATTOVR, prep. V. Attoue. 
ATWEESH, ;in7>. Between. Shirrffs. 
Franc tuisc, entuithant Belg. tuschen, 
AVA*; tukj. At all, & Boss. 

Con. from of or of, and ai7. 
AVAlLLi s. Abasement, humiliation. 


Fr. avat'er, avatt-er, to fall down; 

aval, en descendant, an baS| en bas; ad 

vallum ; Gl. Roquefort. 

To AUALE, t;.n. To descend. V. A- 

VAXLL. Douglas. 

AUANT. AWANT, *. Boast, vaunt; 

Chaucer, id. Douglas, 

AVANTCURRIER. i. One of tbelfore- 

runners of an army, the same perhaps 

that are now called pioquet-guards. 

Fr. avanteoureur, from atxin^ before, 
and courir to run. 
AUCHINDORAS, s. A large tfaom-tree 

at the end of a bouse ; Fife. 
AUCHLIT, f. Two stones weight, or a 
peck measure, being half of the Kirk- 
cudbright bushel ; Galloway. 
AUCHT, AWCHT, lgutt.)pret. of Aw. 
1. Possessed. Auht, id. R.Bnione. 


S. Owed, was indebted, id. R. Brunne. 

, Wyntounu 

AUCHT, (gutt) v. imp. Ought, should. 


Auchten occurs in the same sense. 

A. S. dht'Oftt the third pers. plur. pret. 
of A.S. og-an, possidere. 
AUCHT, «. Possession, property ; what 
isezcluaivelyone*sown. In awmyaucht. 
In my possession, viewed at its utmost 
extent, & V. Bkst Adcht. 

^annatyne Poems. 

A. S. aht, Moes. G. aigin^ aihn, pecu- 

liaris ac propria possessio. 

AUCHT, (gutt.) adj. Eight, & auhle, O. 

£. id. R. Brunne. Wyntoum. 

Mocfl. G. aht^aVf A. S. eaht-Of Germ. 


ahit Belg. acht, Isl. and Su. O. att^a, 
Gael, ocht, JUt oct'O, 
eighth. Isl. aatunde, octavus. Douglas. 
AVENAND, adj. Elegant in person and 
manners. Ga^fan and Gol. 

Fr. advenant, avenant, handsome ; al- 
so, courteous. 
AVENTURE. In aventure, adv. Lest, 
perchance. V. Auktkk. Bellenden* 
Fr. d Vaventure, id. 
AVER, AVIR, AIVER, ». 1. A horse 
used for labour, a cart-horse, S. 

2. An old horse, one tliat is worn out 
with labour, S. Dunbar. 

S. A gelded goat, S. V. Hsbkuk. 

StttHti. Ace. 

L.B. afferi, affrU jumenta vel cavalli 

oolonici ; averia, averU, equi, bovea^ ju- 

menu ; Du Cange. V. Akagx. 

AVERIL, s. Apparently a diminutive 

iVom aver, a beast for labour. Dunbar. 




Cloudberry or knoutberry, S. Rubus 

chamaemorus, Linn. ; eaten as a dessert 

in the north of S. Rou. 

Perhaps from Germ, aver wild, and 

euy a term now applied in Su. G. to 

the berry of the juniper ; Gael, oidk* roe, 


AVIL, «. Hie second crop after Ica or 

grass; Galloway. V. Awat. 
AyiLLOUS,a({;. Contemptible, debased. 
Chron. Scot. P. 
Fr« avUt\ ie, in contemptionem ad- 
ductus; Diet. Trev. 
AUISE, s. Advice, counsel ; avis, Chau- 
cer; avyst R. Brunne. Fr. avis. Douglas. 
AVYSE, AWISE, *. Manner, ftshion. 
A. S. wisa, wise, Alem. uuis, uuisOf 
Belg. wffse, modus. 
AVISION, <. Vision ; Chaucer, id. 

Fr. ttvisioni vision, fimtaisie; 01. Ro- 



thwait« across. Wallace, 

AUL£>i 1.' Age* Ahp, HamiUauTU 

A. S. a^d lenoctua, Moes. G. Ms ae- 
tas. V. £iLi>. 
AULDFARREN, »(/. Sagacioui, & ; 
autffbrandj id. A. Bor. Bamtay* 

Moes. G. aid old, and Swed. far'O, 
Gcnn.J^r-en, experiri; Swed.^re»i, Isl. 
farinn, perit|i«| Belg. oeniaarfn, skilfal. 
AULD.MOU'D, a4;. Sagadoua in dis- 
course; somettmcs implying tbe idea 
ofcraft,S. B. Ross, 

From auld old, and mou' or mowt the 
AULD. FATHER, s, A grandfather; a 
tenn used by some in tbe west of S. 
A. S* eald'faedert Belg. oud»vader, «• 


AULD-WARLD,a({f. Antique, antiqua- 
ted, S. FergMon, 
From auld old, and warid world. 
AULIN. ScwUU<ndin, IHrty Aulin, the 
eretic gull, Orkn. Loth. Pennant, 
y. Scoun-AuLiv, and SKAirBian. 
pi. The emoluments arising ftxmi the 
offerings made at an altar, or from the 
rents appointed for the support of it. 

L. B. aliarag-iumt alterag-ium, ob- 
▼enlio altaris; Du Cange. 
AUMERS, s, p!. Embers. V. Ameus. 
To AUNTER, AWNTYR, r.a. Toll*, 
sard, to put into the power of accident. 
Fr. a^^entw-er, risquer, mettre au ha- 
zard; Diet. IVeT. 

Aunter is used bj Chaucer and Gower 
in a neuter sense* V. Axtbe, v. 
AUKTKR, s. Adventure; O. E. antre, 
R. Brunne. Sir Gawan and Sir Gal. 
Fr. aventttret auenhtre, abbreviated. 
AUNTEROUS, adj. Adventurous. 


O. Fr. aoeninreux, hasarde ; L. B. 

adoentor^'us i Gl. Roquefort 

To AVOKE, V. a. To call away, to keep 

off. Lat. ttvoc-are. MaiUie, 


Adultery. &. Sibb. 


O. Fr. aixnUrie / Ital. avolteria / Lat. 
ad%dter'ium i Teut twu/er-^ii, fomicare, 
AVOW, AVO WE, *. 1. A vowr used 
in the same sense by Cbaucer. Douglas, 
2. Discovery, declaration; in modem 
language, avowal. Minstrelsy Bord. 
Fr. avou-^t to confess. 
AUSTIE, adj. Austere, harsh. 

A. S. ostige* knotty, from ost, Teut. 
oestt a knot, properly in wood. 
To AW, AWE, V, a. To owe, S. ITallace. 
Isl. aa, attef debeo, debuit ; A. S. ag, 
ahiej Su. G. a; Moes. G. aih, habeo, 
imperf. aikt-a. 
V. Aiaii, AucHT. 
AW, sometimes to be viewed as tlie third 
pers. sing, of the r. ; signifying owed, 
ought. Wallace. 

To owe. V. Aw. PeWw to the Play. 
AW, used for All, S. Bannaiyne P, 
Wyth aw, withal. Douglas, 

AWA, adv. Away ; the general pronun- 
ciation in S. Douglas, 
To AWAIL, AWAL, v. a, 1. To let fall. 
9, To descend ; used in a neuter sense. 
Fr. aval-crt to go, or fall, down ; also, 
to let fall ; Teut qf^xJl-en, dccidere ; 
af-vait casus ; Su. G. afalt qffai, lapsus. 
To AWAILL, AWAIL YE, v. n. To 
avail. Barbour, 
AWAY. Tills word seems to have been 
used occasionally as a verb. Barbour, 
A. S. aweg, away, may be viewed as 
the imperat. ofawaeg-ant to take away, 
or aufegg-ant to depart. 
AWAYMENTiS, s, pi. Consulutions ; 
Gl. Perhaps preparations, or prelimi- 
naries. Wyntown. 
Perhaps from O. Fr. avoy-er, to put 
in train ; avoymentt enquSt^, ouverture; 
devia; Gl. Roquefort 
AWALT SHEEP, one that has fallen 
backward, or downhill, and cannot re- 
cover itself, S. V. Awail. Gl. Sibb. 
To AWANCE, V. a. To advance. 

Fr. avanC'Cr, id. Wallace. 


AWAT, 1. Ground pfougbed After the 
fint crop from lea. The crop produced 
» called Uie amd-^rapt also prooouDced 
award i Ang. AvO, GaUoway, aewatt, 
Clydes. id. 

A. S. qfed, pastusy af^f depastus; or 
Su. G. awai, a/at, deficiens; or perhapa 
horn qfUxil, diminution* as the flame with 

AWALT, q. ▼. 

AWAWARD,!. TheTangoard. Barbour. 

Fr. avantgarde. 
OUNi t. The habergeon, or breastphue. 
Franc, kaitberge. 111. kaltbeorg, col- 
lare chaljbeam, from haU the neck, and 
berga to defend ; Fr. havAergeou ; L.B. 
AWBLASTER, «. 1. A croedbow-man, 
albUutere, and arUattf O. E. Barbour. 
$. The croMbow itwlf ; ¥r. arbaUtte. 
Fr. arbeletiier, L. B. areubalisia, ar- 
AWCY. t. Ferfaapa, pain, torment. A. S. 
ace, aece, dolor. Sir Gawan and Sir Got. 
AWEDE, adj. In a itate approaching to 
insanity. Sir Trittrem. 

A. & awed-an, awoed-^nif inianire. 
3\> AWENT, V. a. To cool or refresh by 
exposing to the air. Barbour. 

A. Sb awynd-man, Tentilare, from 
trind, ventus. 
AWERTY, AUERTT, atlj. Cautious, 
experienced; auerty, R.Brunne. 

Fr. aveHiy warned, advertised. 
AWIN, AWYN, AWNE, «(;. Own, 
proper, S. awmti Gl. Yorfcs. id. This is 
the common pron. of the south of & ; 
in other portsb am. Wallace. 

Moes. G. aig^nf aihn, proprius, A. S. 
agen. Germ, eighen, Bdg. ^ghen, Su.G. 
egeti, id. from their respective verbs de- 
noting right or property. 
AWISE, s. Manner, fiuhion. V. Attbi. 
AWISE, AWYSEE, aty. Prudent, con. 
siderste, cautious. Barbour. 

Fr. opis^, prudens, cautus, considera- 
tus ; deduced in Diet. Trev. from Goth. 


wU^n, A.Sb vit'ont with od prefixed, 
Ij. B. avtuire. 
A WISELY, adv. Prudently, drcumqiect- 
ly. Barbour. 

AWMON, HEWMOK, «. A helmet. 

AMOUS, «. A cap or cowl ; a covering 
for the head; printed a«m<m«. 

Houlate M.S. 

h. B. almuc-ia, O. Fr. aumusse, from 

Germ, mutxe, S. mutch. 

AWNIE, Mfj. Bearded, & V. Next 

word. Bumu 

AWNS, s. pL The beards of com, a 

^nes, Prof.'E. Bar awns, thebeardsof 

barley, Ang. Perths. 

Moes. G. ahana. So. G. agn, Gr. 
'/t*'* '^X^* cha£P; Alem. agena, id.; al- 
so, a shoot or stalk. 
AWP, WHAUP. $. The cuilew, a bird, 
& V. QuHAip. Gl, Sibb. 

AWORTH, adv. « Worthily," 1>tior. 
Xing'g Quair. 
A. S. awyrth'ian, gloriflcare. 
AWRO, Probably a wro, a comer. 

Gl. ComplayniS, 
Su. G. wra, pron. imv, angulwu 
AWS, AWES, of a miU^heel, t. The 
buckets or pnijections on the rims which 
receive the shock of the waCerasitiUls, 
8. Siatiti. Aec. 

AWSK, s. The newt or eft. V. Aax. 
AWSOME, adj. Appaling, awftil, 8. B. 
AWSTRENE, adj. Stem, austere. V. 
AsTXRKX. Henrytone. 

Let. autter ust or A. S. stym. 
AWTAYNE, adj. Haughty. Wyntown. 
O. Fr. hauiain, grand, sublime, ele- 
Vi', Gl. Roquefort ; from Lat ali'-ns. 
AWTER, $. An altar; Chaucer, id. 

O. Fr. aulieref Lat aliare. Barbour, 
To AX, V. <k. To ask, S. Asched, axede, 
asked; R. Glouc. Buddiman. 

A. S. aht-ian, ax-ian, ioterragaie. 
AXIS, ACKSYS, s. pL Aches, pains. 
Axes, id. Orkn. Xtn^s Qiunr. 

A. & aecet dolor; egeta^ horror; Moes. 
G. agi$t terror. 
AX-TREE, 8. An axle-tiee, B. 


A.S. eaXf <rx; Alem. ahsa, Gens. 
ach$ei axis ; perhaps from Isl. ak^a, to 
drive a chariot or dray, G. Andr. 


AYONT, prep. Beyond, S. Hm, 

A. & geond ultra, with a prefixed; or 
on, as afield* originally onJUid. 


BAACH, o. Ungrateful to the taste. V. 

BABIE, BAWBIE, t. A copper coin e- 

qual to a halfpenny English, S. A'nox. 
Fr. bas-puce, base or billon money. 
BABIE-PICKLE, $. Hie small grain, 

which lies in the bosom of a larger one, 

at the top of a stalk of oats, S. V. 

BACHLANE; To Bacble. V. Bauchle. 
BACK, s. An instrument for toasting 

bread above the fire, made of pot-metal, 

S. Germ, backen, to bake. 
BACK, s. A large vat used for cooling 

liquors, S. Belg. baky a trough. 
BACK, BACKING, i. A body of fol- 
lowers, or supporters, S. SaiUie* 
BACK-BREAD, s. A kneading-trough, 

BACK-CAST, s. A relapse into trouble, 

or that which is the occasion of it, & 
BACK-CAW, «.Thesamea8 jSocit-cai/, & 
BACKE, 1. The bat. V. Bak, Backie- 


BACKINGS, i. 7^. Refuse of wool or 
flax, used for coarser stuffs, S. 

Statist. Ace, 
Swed. hakla ItHf to dress flax. 
BACKLINS, 5. Backwards ; as, To gae 
backlin$, to go with the face turned op- 
posite to the course one takes, S. V. 
the termination Linqis. 
BACK-SEY, 5. V. Set. 
QACK-SET, 5. 1. A check, any thing 
that prevents growth or vegeution, & 
2. 'VVhatsoeTercausesarelapse,ordirowB 
one back in any course, S. Wodrow* 
£ng. hack and tet. 
BACKSP ANG, s. A trick, or legal quirk, 
by which one takes the advantage of an- 
other, after every thing seemed to have 
been settled in a bargain, S. 
Bach and qtamg, to spring. 

To BACK-SPEIR, v. a. I. Totraceare- 
port as far back as possible, S. 
2. To croes-question, S. Back and tpeirt 
to examine. V. Speee,'!;. 
ER, «. A cross^xaminator, S. Cldand. 
BACK-SPRENT, «. The back4K>ne, S. 

Backi and S. tpreni, a spring. 
BADE, pret. of Bide, q. v. 
BADE, BAID, s, 1. Delay, tazrying. 

2. Place of residence, abode. Sibbaid^ 
1. A species of eatable fucus, a. 

BADDOCK, s. Apparently the coal fish, 
or Gadus caibonarius, Aberd. 

Statist. Ace. 
BADDORDS, i. pi* Low raillery. Ross. 
BADLYNG, u A low scoundrel 

Scot, Poems Reprinted. 
FVanc. bavdeUngt a cottager. 
BADNYSTIE, s. Silly stuff! DougUa. 

Fr. badinage, id. 
BADOCH, «• A marine bird of a black 
colour. Sibbaldm 

BADRAN^r BATHRONS, s. A deag. 
nation for a cat, & Henrysone. 

Tp BAE, v. n. To bleat, S. 
B A£, 5. The sound emitted in bleating, S. 

Fr. bee. Id. 
To BAFF, V. a. To beat, & V. Bxfp. 
BAFF, BEFF, s. A stroke, a blow, S. 
BAGENIN, i. Indelicate toying, Fife. 
BAGATY, BAGGETY, *. The female 
of the lump, or se»-owl, a fish, & 

BAG-RAPE, » A rope of straw, used in 

fasteniiq; the thatch of a roof, Ang. 
BAGREL, s. A child, Dumfr. 

Su. G. bagge, puer. 
BAY, a. The sound caused by the notes of 
birds. Ikfuglttx. 


BAICH, BAICHIE, s. A child, Pertfas. 
CB,backgen, Teat.bagh, puer. Polwart. 

To BAICHIE, V, n. To cough, S. B. 

BAIKIE, BAKIE, i. Tbe stake to 
which an ox or cow is bound in the 
stall, Aug. 8w. paakf a stake. S, Prov, 

BAIKIE, BACKET, i . A square wood> 
en vessel, for carrying coals to the fire, S. 

BELE, BELLE, 4. 1. A flame, or 
bla^e of what kind soever. Barbour, 
9. A ^onfire. Sir Gawciu 

3, A fire kindled as a signal. Douglas. 

4. Metaph. tbe flame of love. H<my^«0n«. 
A. 6. bach Su.G. baaU s funeral {die, 

IsL baalr a strong fire. 
BAYLE. FYRE, 1. A bonfiiv. 

A« S. bad'fyr, the fire of a funeral pilow 

B AILCH, s, A very lusty person, S. B. 

V. Brlch. Rois, 

BAILLE, s. A mistress. Wallace. 

Fr. belle, id. 
BAILLIE, 3AILIE,«. 1. A magistrate 
second in rank, in a royal borough, an 
alderman, SL Lynduty. 

2. The baron's deputy in a burgh of ba- 
rony, S. StaliMt. Ace. 
Fr. baiUie, an officer, L. B. baliv-us, 
BAILLIERIE, s. 1. The extent of a 
bailie's jorisdictioo, S.> Wodrow. 
2. The extent of a sheriff's jurisdiction. 
Actt Ja. L 
BA YNE, BANE, a4j. \. Ready, prcpa. 
red, & B. WaOace. 
2. Alert, lively, active. Wallace* 
Isl. bein-Ot expedire. 
BAYNLY, adv. Readfly, cheerfully. 
BAYKE, " Forte, a kind of fur," Rudd. 
BAIR, BAR, s. A boar. Barbour. 
A. S. bar. Germ, baer, LaL verr-ct. id. 
B AIRD, s. A poet or bard. ^Acts Ja. VI. 

C B. bardh, Gael Ir. bard. 
B AIRMAN, s. A bankrupt. Reg. Maj» 

E. bare, nudatua. 

BAIRN, BARNE, s. A child, S. Douglas. 

Moes. G. banh a child, from bair'au, 

ferre, gignere, A. S. beanu 


The state of childhood. Inventories. 


2. Childishness. Dunbar. 

BAYRNIS-BED, s. The matrix. 

Complaynt S. 
BAIRNLY, adj. Childish, & 

Sw. bamsKg, puerilis. 
BAIRNLINESS, s. Childishness, S. 
Brood of children, S. Houlate. 

A. S. beam-ieam, liberorum sobolis 
BAIRNS-PART^Geaj^ that part of 
a father's personal estate to which his 
children are entitled to succeed, and of 
which he cannot deprive them by any 
testament, or other gratuitous deed to 
take effect after his death, S. SHair* 

BAIRNS-FLAY, s. The sport of chU- 
dren, S. Ruthetford. 

BAIRNS-WOMAN, s. A dry nurse, & 
BAIS, adj< Having a deep or hoarse 
sound. Fr. 6cm, E. base. Douglas. 

BAISDLIE, adv. In a state of stupefac- 
tion, y. Bazkd. Buret. 
BAISE, s. Haste, expedition, a B. 

Su. G. bas-a, citato gradu ire^ 
To BAISS, v. a. To sew slightly, S. 

Fr. bast'ir, E. baste. 
To BAIST, v. a. To overcome, S. B, 

Isl. beyst-a, ferire, 
BAIST, s. One who is struck by others, 
especially in tbe sports of children, S. B. 
BAISTIN, s. A drubbing. S. 
BAIT, *. A boat V. Bat. 
To B A YT, 1;. a. To give food to. Barbour. 
Isl, beii-a, to drive cattle to pasture, 
Mf pasture. 
To BA YT, V. n. To feed. Gl. Sibb. 

BAITTLE, adj. Denoting that sort of 
pasture, where the grass is short and 
dose, Selkirks. 

IsL beUinih fit for pasture. 
B AIVEE, s. A species of whiting. 

bat or rearmouse, S. Douglas* 

Su.G. nattbacka, id. 
BAKE, s. A sm^Il cake, a biscuit, S. 

BAKGARD, s. A rear-guard. Wallace. 
BAKIE^i. Tbeblack-headedguD, Oikn. 


BAKIE, f. Tlw name given to one kind 
of pest, & Ess. HigkU Soe. 

£. bake, to kneid. 
BAKIE, s. A itake. V. Bjuxo. 
BAKIN.LOTCH, «. A spedcs oCbntd. 

BAKSTERt BAXST^R, «. Abtker, S. 
Burtvm Lawes, 
A. S. baecesire, a wonuui4iaker. 
BAL, BALL, the mitiel ijUable of a 
great many names of placaa in Scotland. 
Ir. Gael. baiUt bali, a place or town; 
Su.G. Isl. bolf Id. domicQium, ledes, 
villa, from 60, bo<h hu^ to dwell, to 
BAL AS, f. A wvt of piecioaa stone, said 
to be brought from Salassia in India. 
Vr. balais, bastard ruby. 
BALAX« 1. A hatchet, Abeid. 

Isl. boljfjet Su. G. 6aa/yja, alaige axe. 

BALBEIS, s,pl. Halfpence. V. Baue. 

MaiUand P^ems, 

BALD, BAULD, a^}. 1. Bold, intrepid, 

S. WytUowH. 

St. Irascible^ S. Douglas. 

3. Pungent to the taste, or keenly af- 
fecting the oigan of smelling, S. 

4. Keen, biting ; espresaiTe of the state 
ofthealmoepbere, & IhMson. 

5. Certain, asMiied. Mfiwysone. 

6. Used obliquely, bright; afe *« a 60M 
moon.** ITeliy. 

A. & baid, beald, Su.G. Alem. Germ. 
botdf audaau 
To BALD, e. 0. To embolden. Douglas. 
BALDERRY, s. Female-handed orchis, 
a plant, & Lighifoot: 

BALK, and BURRAL, a ridge raised 
very high by the plough, and a banren 
space of nearly the same extent, alter- 
nately, S. B. V. BaOk, «. 

SUiUsi. Ace. 

BALDERDASH, s. Foolish and noisy 

talk, & Isl. 6ttlMMr,stallorkim balbuties. 

BALEN, adj. Made of skin. V. Pauis. 


Isl. Su.G. badg. Germ. ^, a skin. 

BAL YE, s. A space on the outside of the 

ditch of a fortification, commonly sur- 

roQBdcd by strong paliaadet. Spoiswood, 


fV. fajifr, a barricade^ L. B. baO-iunt* 

made of leather, anciently worn by ladies 
in Scotland^ & B. V. Balkit. 

kind of ship. Ft. baUi^fier. Waliaee. 

BALOW, f. 1. A lullaby, S. Bitsun'. 
S. A term used by a nurse, when lull- 
ing her child. Old Song* 
Vt. basnldle hup, ^ be still, the wolf 
is coming." 

OD»laucht singor dance BamuUo, to make 
one change one's mirth into sorrow, 
Ang. Perths. 

C B. 6itf terror, Gael. mWo, mullachf 
gloomy brows, q. ** the qiectre with the 
dark eye-brows." 

BANCHlSi s. pi. Deeds of settlement 
ItaL btt9ieo, a bank. Dunbar. 

BANCQURIS, Coverings for stools 
or benches. 

Teut. bauckwerct tapestry ; J'r. 6<m- 
quier^ a bench-cloth. 

To BAN, BANN, v. n. Often applied in 
S., although improperly, to those irre- 
verent exclamations which many use in 
conversatioh, as distinguished from cur- 
sing. A. Douglas^ 

BAND (To take), to unite; a phrase 
borrowed from architecture. Rutherford. 

BAND, s. Bond, obligation, S. Wyntoum. 
To uuik baMf to come under obligation^ 
to swear allegiance. WaUace. 

BAND^ a kill. The top or summit 

Germ, bann, summitas, Gael.' ben. ' 

BANDKYN,*. Adoth, thewarpofwhidi 
is thread of gold, and the woof silk, a- 
domed with figures. Douglas. 

L. B. bandequin^us. 

mand, orders. V. Abakdon. Wallace. 
' Germ, band, a standard. 

BANDOUNLY, adv. Firmly, courage- 
ously. Wallace. 

binds sheaves after the reapers in the 
barvest-field, & ' BUton. 

A* S. Germ, band^ vinculum. 


BANE, i. Bone, & Wyntown. 

A. 8. Aon, Alem. hein, id. 
BANE, King of Bane, the stme with 
•ATing ^ tlie Beaut a character in the 
Christnias giimhob. This designation 
is given to the person who is so fortu- 
nete m to receive that part of a divided 
cake which has a 6ean in it; Rexjabae, 

BANE-FYER, i. A bonfire, S. 

ActsJa. ri, 
Apparentlycorraptedlrooa BAiL-riRK. 
sundard-bearer. Barbour. 

BANERER, i. Properly, one who ex- 
hibits his own distinctive standard in 
the field, q. " the lord of a standard." 
Teut. bander-heer, baner-heevt baro, 
BANERMAN, «. A standard-bearer. 

Su. G. &nn«rjfiuin, vexiUifer. 
BANES.BRAKIN, «. A bloody quar- 
rd, " the breaking of bones,** 8. 

Poemt Buehan Dial. 

To BANG, V, M. To change phce with 

impetuosity; as, to bang up, to start 

from one's sea^ or bed; to bang to tfie 

doret to run hastily to the door, & 


Su. G. baang, tumult, Isl. bang-^ to 


3i> BANG out, v, a. To draw out hastily^ 

& Boss. 

B ANG, f . 1. Anaction expressive of haste ; 

as. He cam un' a bang, S. In a bang, 

suddenly, & Bou. 

S. A great number, a crowd, S. 

To BANG, V. n. To push off vritb a boat, 
in salmon-fishing, without having seen 
any fish in the channel, Aberd« 

A violent and disorderly person, who 
regards no law but his own will. 

Maitland Poems. 
2. A Imggarty a bully, S. Boss. 


3. A loose woman, Clydcs. 

Isl. bang-^h to strike, boTtg-aU, to nm 
on one with violence. 
BANGSTRIE, «. Strength of hand, vio- 
lence to another in his person or pro- 
perty. From Bangster. Acts Jo. VI. 
BANKERS, s.T^ Apparently the wne 

with BAVcouais, q. v. 
B ANKROUT, «. A bankrupt Skene. 
Fr. ban/epterout, Ital. bancoroUo, Teut. 
banckrote, id. 
A cake, baked of dough in a pretty vret 
state, and toasted on a girdle, 8. 

Bannatyne Poems. 

It. boinneog, homo, GaeL bannacht a 


Bear-bannoek, s. A cake of this description^ 

baked of barley-meal, S. Bitson. 

BANNOCK-FLUKE, j. -The name gi- 

ven to the genuine turbot, ftxmi its flat 

form as resembling a cake, 8. Stat. Ace* 

BAI^NOCK-HIVE, s. Coipulence, in- 

duced by eating plentifully, B. V. Hiva. 


BANRENTE, s. A banneret. Acts Jo. I. 

BANSTICKLE, s. The three-q[ttned 

stickle-back, gasterosteus aculjeati|i^ 

Linn, S. Barry. 

B A NWIN, s. A^ many reapers as may be 

served by onit banister, S. Fife^ S.A. 

A. S. hand, vinculum, and toifi, labor. 

BAP, s. 1. A thick cake baked in the 

oven, genersHy with yeast, whether 

made of oat-meal, barley-meal, flour 

of wheat, or a mixture, S. ' Bitsotu 

2. A roll, a small loaf of wheaten bread, 

of an oblong form, S. 

BAR, s. The grain in E. called barley ; 

bar'meal, barley-meal; bar-bread, bar" 

bannock, Lc. S. B. 

Mocs. 6. bar, hordeum. 
BAR, f. A boar. V. Bair. 
To BAR, v.n. To barjhom bourdes, t^ 
parently to avoid jesting. 

Bannatyne Poems. 
Fr. barr-er, to keep at a distance. 
BARBAR, BARBOUR, a<y. Baibai^ 
ous, savaga Rr. barbare, id. Kennedy. 


BARBER, 9* What is excellent in iu kind, 
a low term, S. Su. G. baer^ illuitnire. 
BABBLES, «.;i/. A spedet of diseaie. 

Fr. borbe$, ■ white excreicence which 
grow* under the tong]ue of a calf. 
B ARBLYT, part. pa. Baifaed. Barbour. 

Fr. barbeUf id. 
Tb BARBULYIE, v. a. To disorder, to 
tnnible, Perthi. Montgomery, 

Fr. barbouUli, confuiedly jumbled. 
BARDACH, BARDY, a^. 1. Stout, 
fearless, determined, S. B. Rou. 

S, Irascible, contentious, and at the 
same time uncivil and pertinacious in 
managing a dispute^ Sb R. GaUoway. 
Isl. bardUf pugnaz, bardagi, Su. G. 
bardttga, piaelium. 
BARDILY, ado, 1. Boldlj, with intre- 
pidity, S. 
2, Pertly, S. 
BARDIE, i. A gelded cat, Ang. 
BARDIS, ».pL Trappings. Douglas. 

Goth, bard, a pole-ax^ 
BARDYNGIS, s.jiL Trappings of hor- 
sea. BeUenden, 

BARDISII, 04/. Rude, insolent in Ian- 
guage. Baiilie. 

From bard, S. baird, a minstrel. 
BARE, o^;. Lean, meagre, S. 

A. S. bare, baer, nudus. 
To BAKGANE, v. n. To fight, to con- 
tend. Wallace. 
Su. G. baer^ia, beargh-a, ferire, pug- 
BARGANE, s. 1. Fight, batUe, skirmish. 
2. Contention, controversy, S. B. Ross. 
5. Struggle, S. B. Ross. 
BARGANER, s. A fighter, a bully. 

BARGANYNG, «. Fighting. Barbour, 
To BARK, r. a. To tan leather, S. 

Su. G. bark-a, decorticare, barka hu- 
dar, coria glabra reddere. 
BARKER, s, A tanner, S. 

Dan. barker, id. 
To BARKEN, v, n. To clot, to become 
hard ; part, pa, barknyt. Douglas. 


BARKING and FLEEING, apbrue 
used to denote one, who, especially from 
prodigality, is believed to be on the eve 
of bankruptcy, S. 

BRACKS, A game generaUy pUyed 
by young people in a corn-yard, S. 

Bannatyfte MS. 
Perh. q. breaking the barley, or parley. 

BLE, An exclamation for a truce by 
one who has fidlen down in wrestling or 
play. Ckr. Kirk. 

Fr. parlex, Jbi melex, ** let us have a 
truce, and blend our faith.** 

BARLEY, s. A term used in the games 
of diildren, when a truce is demandedt 
SL F^. parlex, £• parley. 


BARLEY.BOX, «. AsmaUboxofacy- 
lindrical ibrm, now made as a toy for 
children, but formerly used by farmers 
for carrying samples of barley, or other 
grain to market, S. 

BARLICUOOD, «. A fit of ill-humour, 
especially as the result of intemperance. 
S, Ramaay, 

From barley i as expressing the ef- 
fect of any intoxicating beverage. 

B ARME HORS, A horse without a sild. 
die, Ang. fFywtown, 

BARMY, adii, 1. Voktil«s giddy. 

2. Passionate, chqleric. ** A bam^ 
quean,'* a passionate woman, S. 
From £. barm, yeast. 


part or outermost fortification of a cas* 

tie. JraUace. 

Fr. barbacanci or Teut barm, a 

mound, with the termination kin, 

BARN AGE, s, 1. Barons or noblemen, 
collectively viewed. Old Fr. Wallace, 
2. A military company ; including bo|h 
chieftains and followers. Douglas, 

BARN AT, adj. Native. Our bamat land, 
q. the land of our bamheid or nativity. 

BARNE, s. The same with Bamage, 
Old Fr. bamex, nobility. Wallace. 


BARKE, f. A child. «V. Baiuk. 
BARNE, J. Apparentlj for barmet bo- 
som. JDouglas. 
BARNS-BREAKING* i. Any miscfaie- 
voot or injurioos aedon ; in •llusion to 
tlio act df breaking up a bam for cany- 
ingoffcom, & 
BARROWIS, 8. 1. A barrier, an out- 
work at the gate of a castle. Wyntown, 
S. An inclosure made of IbUed trees for 
the defence of armed men. fTallace, 
3. lists for combatants. Douglas. 
Old Fr. barreSf palaestra. 
BARRAT, t. I. Hostile inurcourse, bat- 
tle. Wallace. 
2. Contention, of wfaaterer kind. Dunbar. 
J. Grief, vexation, trouble. 

Gawan and Gol. 
So. G. Isl. baratta, praelium. 
BARRATRIE, $. The crime of clergy, 
men who went abroad to purchase be- 
nefices from the see of Rome for money. 
Acts Ja. L 
L. B. baratriat fnm O. Fr. barat, de- 
BARREL-FEVERS. A term used 
by the vulgar, to denote the disorder 
produced in the body by intemperate 
drinking, 8. 
BARRIE, s. A swaddlingclotb of flannel, 
in which the legs of an intot are wrap- 
ped for defending them fh>m the cold, S. 
BARTANE, s. Great Britain. 

Bannatyne Poems. 
tanny. Belienden. 

dement on the top of a house or castle, 
or around a spire, S. Statist. Ace. 

O. FV. bretesche, wooden towers used 
for defence, Ital. bertesca. 
BASE DANCE, A kind of dance, slow 
and formal in its motions. Complaint S. 
Vt. basse danse. 
To BASH, V. a. To beat to sherds, Loth. 
Smash synon. 

Sh.G. ftos-o, to strike. 
BASH, «. A bloir, S. A. 


To BASH tip, V. a. To bow or bend Iha 
point of an iron instrument inwards, 
BASING, BASSING, «. A bason; pL 
basifigis. FV. bassin, id. Bellenderu 
BASS. I. This term is used in S. for the 
inner bark of a tree. 
2. A mat laid at a door fbr cleaning 
the f^; also, one used for packing 
bales, a 

Teut. bast, cortex. 

BASSIE, s. A large wooden dish, used 

for carrying meal from Ihegirnal to the 

bakeboard, S. B. Rots. 

Fr. bassin, a bason. 

BASSIE, s. An old hone, Clydes. Loth. 

V. Bawsand. 
B ASSIL, s. A long cannon, or piece of 
ordnance. Pitseottie, 

Abbrev. from Fr. basilie. 
BASSIN, adj. Of or belonging to rushes. 
Teut. biese, juncus, sdrpus ; L. B. 
basse, acoUar for cart-borsesmadeof flags. 
BASSNYT, adj. White-faced. V. Baw- 
SAND. GL Sibb. 

BASTAILYIE, s. A bulwark, a block- 
house. Belienden* 

Fr. bastille, a fortress, a castle fur* 
nished with towers. 
BASTILE, BASTEL, s. A fortress, 
principally meant for securing prison- 
ers, South of S. V. preceding word. 

Statist. Ace. 
BASTOUN, s. A heavy staff, a baton. 

Fr. baston, baton, id* Douglas* 

BAT, «. A staple, a loop of iron, S. 
BATAILL, i. 1. Order of battle, batde- 
array. Barbour, 

2, A division of an army, a battalion. 

5. It seems to signify mih'tary equip- 
ment Barbour* 
Fr. bataUle, order of battle ; also» a 
squadron, battalion^ or part of an army; 
deduced from Germ, batt'cn, caedere^ 
A. S. beatt-an, id. 
BATE, BAIT, s. A boat Barbour. 
A.& Alem. tsl. and Su.G. batf C.B. 
and Ir. bad, cymba. 


at^f. Both, & Bajd is the proo. of An- 
gus. Wyntown, 
Moes. G. ba, bai, bago$k; A.S. ba, 6fi* 
ta t Alem. bedia, bedu^ beidu ; lid. and 
8u. G. bodes l^n> baadci Germ, beide ; 
Be]g. beydes unbo. 
B ATIE, BA WTY, t. A name for a dog, 
witliout anj particular xeipect to spe- 
des ; generally giveo, boweyer» to tboee 
of a larger siie ; & 

Pa^mt Buehan Dial^ 
Perbapa from O. Fr. baudt a white 
bound; baud^irt to excite dogt to the 
BATIB, BAWTIE, adj. Round and 
plump, applied either to man or beast, 
A simpleton, an inactive fellow. V. 
Blaitisbum. MaiUand P. 

From batie a dog, and bunt, to make 
a humming noise. Teut bommel, adrone. 
BATS, $,pl. The disease in horses called 
in £. the bols, & Poiwart^ 

Teut. botte, papula, a swelling with 
manj reddish pimples that eat and 
spread; Swed. beti, pcdiculi, from bU-a, 
A battlement Douglas, 

Fr. bastitU, batiUe, turriculis fasli- 
BATTAR-AX, i, A batt1&4ii. Dunbar. 
Fr. battrc, lul. battar-e, to strike ;; 
also, to fight 
To BATTER, v, a. To paste, to cause 
one body to adhere to another by means 
of a viscous substance, S. 
BATTER, J. A glutinous substance, used 

for producing adhesion, pastes S. 
To BATTER, r. a. To ky a stone so as 
to make it incline to one side, or to hew 
it obliquely ; a term used in ipasonry, S. 
Fr. battre, to beat 
BATTILL-GERS. " Thick, rank, like 
men in order of battle,** Rudd. 
This, however, may be the same with 
baittUf applied to grass that is well 
stocked, South of S. 


Teut botid, ^nd boUd^Soonit denoU 

the arbutus, or wild alimwberry tree. 

BATWARD, s. A boatman; literaUy, a 

boat-keeper. WyntoHm- 

Isl. bai, cymlMi and oortf, vigil, Swed. 

ward, custodia. 

BAVARD, ««(;. Worn out, ii| a state of 

liankniplcy. Baxnter and baherJike, are 

used in S. to signify shabby in dress and 

appearance. V. Bsvak. BailUe, 

Fr. baoardt baveur^ a driveller ; also, 

a babbler. 

BAUBLIS, «. A short sUck, with a head 

carved at the end of it like a /Mttji^, or 

doU, carried by the fools of former times* 

Lord HaiUs* 

Fr. babhle, a toy, ^ gewgaw. 


aty, 1. Ungrateful to the taste. In this 

sense twiu^A is now used, S. • Pohfort. 

2. Not good, insufficient in whatever re- 
spect, S. as " a bough tradesman," one 
who is far from czoelUng in his profes- 
sion. Banuay. 
Sauch-^odf a term applied io a horse, 
when his shoes are mudi worn, S. 

3. Indifferent, sorry, not respeetablf^ S. 

4. No^ slippery. In this sense ice is said 
to be bauekt when there has been a par- 
tial thaw. The opposite is slid or giegt $• 

Isl. bag-uTf reluctans» renuens ; bage, 
jactura, nocumentum (offiils); k^got 
bardum et insulsum carmen. 
BAUCHLY, adv. Sorrily, indifferently* 

5. Ramsay. 
BAUCHNESS, f. Want, defect of any 

kind, S. 
CHLE, (gutt) BASHLE, v. a. 1. To 
wrench, \o distort, to pot out of shape; 
u'*io baudih ahoon," to wear shoes in 
so slovenly a way as to let them fall 
down in the heels, S. Joum. London* 
2. To treat contemptuously, to vilify. 

Baekel may be allied to Fr. botselrer^ 
to bruise. 

Isl. backeUi luzatus, valgMS, sbaro- 
bling, biag-a violare, vt^nce biag'-a<tr 


Iniatiis, membraram laletiidine vioU- 

BAUCHLE, BACHEL, «. 1. An old 
■boe, used as a slipper, & 
8. Wbataoevcr is treated with eontempt 
ordnre^MCt To mak a bauchle ^unj 
thing, to liw it lo frequently and fomi- 
liarly, as to «hew that one h«i no respect 
fisr it, & Fergiuon^s Prw* 

BAUOIEb <. An ornament ; as» a ring, a 

bracelet Douglas, 

Teut. bagge gemma; Isl. baug-^g 

Alem« boug, A.& beag, Fr. bague, Ital. 

fagtto, annulus. 

BAUK, BAWK, «. 1. One of the cress- 
heams in the roof of a bouse^ whicb sup* 
port and unite the rafters, 8. 
2. The beam hj which scales are sus- 
pended in a balance^ & Teut baUk 
waegke, a balance. We inTert the tenn, 
making it weigh-baukt. 

Oemubalk, Belg.te/dt, Jhn. bklbe^ 

BAUK, BAWK, t. A strip of Und left 
unplougbed, two or three feet in breadth, 
& Statist, Ace. 

A.& and C.B. bale, Su.G. balk, por- 
es, A ridge of land between two far* 
rows ; Isl. batilkurf lire in agro^ yel alia 
s6li eminentia minor. 
BAUKIE, s. The rsaoiball, Alca lords, 
Orkn. Sainy* 

BAU8Y, aaj. Big, strong. Dunbar, 

8n.G. basse, rir potens. 
To BAW, r. a. To hush, to lull. Watson, 

Fr. bos. low. V. Balow. 
BAW, t. 1. A ball, used in piny, 8. 

8. Money given to school-boys by a mar- 
riagc company, to prereot their being 
maltreated ; as otherwire they chum a 
right to cot the bride's gown, St Tliis 
is the same with Ball money, £. V. 

Corr^from £. ball. 

BAW AW, f. An oblique look, implying 

contempt or scorn, S. B. Rou, 

BAWBIE, 1. A balf-penny. V. Basic 

B AWBURD, s. The Uurboard. or the left 

aidoofa&hipb Douglas, 

Fr. ba*-bordi Isl. bagborda, id. 


BAWD, s, A hare, Aberd. 

Poems Buchan Dif^ 
A.S. It, and Gael, miol denotes a 
beast of whaterer kind, miol bhuide, or 
boide, h a hare ; also patas, 

BAWD-BR^E, s. Hare-soup, Aberd. 

BA WDEKYN, «. Cloth of gold. 

Ft* baldachin, baldaquin, baudequin, 
L. B. baldachinum, tissue de 111 d*or. 

To BAWME, 9. a, h To embalm. Fr. 
em^baum-er. Wyntoum, 

2. To cherish, to warm. Diougfas^ 

a^j, 1. Having a white spot on the fore- 
head or face; n term applied to a horsey 
cow, &c, & Douglas, 

$p It seems to be used as equivalent tm 
brindled or stredied, & A. 

Minstrelsy Bord» 
Hence, it would seem, bassie, an old 
horse, & 

Fr. balaan, baltan, a horse that lus a 
white mark on the feet; deduced from 
ItaL balzano, and this from Lat baUius, 
a horse that has a white mark either on 
the forehead or feet Germ, blaeue, Su. 
G. bloes, a white mark on the forehead 
of a hone. Hence perhaps £. blazon, 
and bhzj, 

BAWSY-BROWN, it A hobgobUn ; 
viewed as the same with Robin Good- 
fellow of England, and Brownie of & 
Bannatyne Poems, 
Ferhaps from Su.G. basse, vir po- 
tens, V. Baust, or base, spectrum, and 
brun, fuscus, q. the strong goblin of • 
brown appearance. 

BAXTER, s. A baker, S. V. Bakstkb. 

BAZED, BASED, B ASIT, jtart. pa, 
Watson* s ColL Maitland Poena, 
Teut baes-en, delinre ; Belg. byse, 
Ifysen, turbatus; Su.G. bes-<i denotes the 
state of animals so stung by insects, that 
they are driven hither and thither; Fr. 
better, id. 

BE, jfreju 1. By, as denoting the cause, 
agent or instrument, 8. Barbour, 

2. Towards, in composition ; as, bc'-eaU* 
towards the east ; be-wctt, towards the 
west, S. Wynlown, 


9. Of, coneerniDg ; u, ie the, concera- 
ing thee. WaUaee. 

4. By the time that. DiaUog, 

5. During, eipreasiye of the lapse of 
time. Keith. 

A.£L ^0, per ; de ; circa. 
Be tkan, by diat time. 

B£»« Been. Douglau 

To BEAL. V. Beil. 

BEANSHAW. V. Bbvsraw. 

To BEAK, BER, BERE, v. a. To bear 
on hand, to affirm, to relate, ff^yntown. 
To bear ttpon, to restrain one*s self* S. B. 


BEAR, BERE, t. Barley, having four 
rows of grains, S. Hordeum Tulgare, 
Linn. Wyntoum. 

A. S. bere, Moes. G. bart hordeum. 

BEAR LAND, land appropriated for a 
crop of barley, S. 

To go through the bear land with one, to 
tell him all the grounds of umbrage at his 
conduct, to pluck a crow with him, & 

BEARIS BEFOR, Ancestors. Wallace. 
A transladon of Lat. antecestores. 

BE A RANGE, «. Toleration, & /. Med/. 

BEAT, St A stroke, a blow, a contusion, 
8. B. apparently the same with Byt used 
in this sense by Douglas. 

To BEBBLE, v. a. 1. To swallow any li- 
quid in small, but frequent draughts ; 
whether the liquor be intoxicating or 
not, S. 

2. To tipple, v,n. " He's ay bebbling 
and (hrinking;** be is much given to 
tippling, S. 

It seems to be formed from LaL &t- 
bere to drink, in the same nuinner as 6»- 
buivh soaking, drinking, ortakingitwet. 

BECHT, Tied ; GL Rudd. 
Germ, bieg-en, flectere, is probably 
the origin. 

To BECK. BEK, v. i. 1. To make obei- 
sauce, to cringe, S. Bannatyne Poemt. 
S. To curtsy ; as restricted to the obei- 
sance made by a woman, and contra- 
distinguished from bowing. 

Isl. beig-a. Germ, bieg-en, to bow. 

BECK, BEK, I. A curtsy, S. 

Maitland Potnu. 


BEDDT, adj. ExpreasiTe of a quality in 
grey-hounds; the sense uncertain. 

ITataonU Coll. 
It may signify, attentive to the cry of 
the huntsman. Fr. bawU, *< a cry as 
of hounds, Breton ;*' Cotgr. It may, 
however, be the same word which oc- 
curs in the S. Ph>v. ; '* Breeding wives 
areay6Altfie;*' Kelly, p. 75. "Cove- 
tous of some silly things," N. In thiii 
sense it is probably allied to IsL beid-a, 
A. & bidd-an, Moes. G. bid-jan, Belg. 
bidd'-en, to ask, to supplicate, to solicit. 

BEDE, pret. OfTered ; from the v. Bin. 
Sir Gawan and Sir Gal* 
Chaucer uses the v. Biob as signify- 
ing to offer. 

A. S. baed, obtulit» from beodan. 

BEDELUIN, 2) Buried, hid un- 
der ground. Domglaz. 

A. S. bedelfhh sepultus, infoasus ; b^ 
deff-afif drcumfodere. 

BEDENE, BY DENE, adv. I. Quickly, 
forthwith. Barbour. 

S. It seems also to signify, besides, more- 
over; in addition, as respecting persons. 
Gawan and Gol, 
S. It undoubtedly signifies, in succes- 
sion, or '* one after another." 

Gawan and Got* 
As belyvct very similar in sense, is 
undoubtedly the imperat of belff'-^Mt q. 
waitt stay ; bedene may have been form- 
ed in the same manner, from Germ. 
bedien-en, to serve, to obey. 

BEDIS, $.pl. Prayers. JTing*! Quair. 
Germ, bed-en : Germ. ge-6et, prayer. 
Hence O. E. bidde^ and the phrase, to 
bidde prayers, to ask« Co solicit them. 

BEDE-HOUSE. t. A term used for an 
alms-house^ S. B. Statist. Ace. 

BEDE-MAN, BEIDMAN, i. 1. A per- 
son who resides in a bede-house, or ia 
supported from the funds appropriated 
for thu purpose, S. Statist. Ace. 

2. In the Court of Exchequer, this term 
is used to denote one of that class of 
paupers who enjoy the royal bounty. The 
designation has originated from some 
religious foundation, in times of popery. 


Bednum occun in O. E. V. Assoiltix, 
iente 3. The origin is A. S. headt a 
prayer. Hence^MjiVerstegftn, the name 
of Beadst " they being made to pray on» 
and Beadsman,*' 
BED YIT, par/. /w. Dipped. Douglas. 

A. S. deag-an, tingere. 
BEDOYF, part. pa. Besmeared, fouled. 
Su.G. dqft, dupit pulvis; or A«S. 6tf- 
d^-en, sutMnersus, dipped. 
B£DOWIN,;Mir/./Mi. Douglas. 

Rudd. ezpl. hedowyne, besmeared* de- 
riving it firom Belg. bedauweii, to be- 
dew, or sprinkle. 
BEDRAL, s. A person who is bedrid. 

V. OftraxuN. 
BEDREL, a4}. Bedrid, Galloway. 

Corr. pertiaps from A. S. bedridoj id.; 
Teut tedder, dinicus, Germ, bed^reise. 
BEDUND£R*D,/) Stupified, con- 
founded, S. q. having the ear deafened 
by noise. 

Stt. G. dundr-Ot Belg. donder^en, to- 
nare, to thunder. 
BEE, s. The hollow between the ribs and 
hip-bone of a horsey S. B. ^ 

Ftebaps from A. S. biget hyge, flezus, 
angultts, sinus; big-afifbyg-eant fleeter?, 
BEBUALE, s. A species of beer, or nu 
ther mead, made firom the refuse of ho- 
ney ; & B. This in Gydes. is called 
BEE-BREAD, s. The substance that 
goes to the formation of bees, & 

A. S. beo-bread signifieshooeycomb. 
BE-EAST, Towards the East V. Bx, 


BEELDE, BELD, i. " IVoperiy an 

image.— Model of perfection or imita^ 

tion.** GL Wynt Wyntaum. 

A. S. bUUh, bild, Belg. beeld, beld, 

Sw. bQdt imago. 

To BEENGE, BYNGE, v. a. To cringe, 

in the way of making much obeisance, 

SL V. BxcK. Ferguson. 

This is undoubtedly from A.S. bens- 

ton, also written boens-ianj to ask as a 


suppliant ; suppliciter petcre, orare ; 
bensiende, supplicans. 
BEENJIN, improperly written, is eipl. 
" fkwning." /. JSlcoL 

BEE VIT, part. pa. Perhaps, installed as 
a knight Gawan and Got. 

A. & befeht, cinctus, girded, Somn. 
V. Falow. 
To BEFF, B AFF, v. a. To beat, to strike, 
S. Ben, beaten, pret. and part. pa. 
It is used more simply, as referring to the 
act of beating with strokes; applied to 
metal Douglas. 

Douir Beft signifies, beat down, over- 
BEFF, BAFF, s. A stroke. V. Baft. 
BEFORN, itrep. Before. ITaUace. 

It occurs also in O. E. R, Brunne. 

A.S. beforajif ante; coram. 
BEFOROUTH, adv. Before, formerly. 
V. FoKowTH. Barbour. 

B^FT, part. pa. Beaten. V. Bkff. 
To BEGARIE, v. a. 1. To variegate 
to deck with various colours. 

2. To stripe, to variegate with lines of 
various coloiirs, to streak. Begaryit^ 
striped. |iar/. pa. Doagio*. 

5. To besmear ; to bedaub, to bespatter. 
« & begaried, bedirtcd;" Rudd. vo. 
Laogcrit. Lyndsay. 

This V. has an evident affinity to our 
Gah, gare, a stripe of cloth, and Gaired, 
gairyt q. v. The word is immediately 
allied to Fr. begarr-er, to diversify; 
begarri, of sundry colours^ mingled- 
BEGAIRIES, s.pL Stripes or slips of 
cloth sewed on garments, by way of or- 
nament, such as are now worn in live- 
ries ; pessmentSf S. synon- Jets Ja. VI. 
BEGANE, Covered;* GoW *•- 
gone, overiaid with gold. Douglas. 

Aurea tecta, Virg. According to 
Rudd. q. gone over. Chaucer uses the 
pbrase, With gold began, Rom. Rose, 
943., ** painted overvrith gold," T^rwh. 
V. a. To deceive ; particularly by playing 
the jilt, S.B. Dunbar. 


BEYRD, preL Laid on abere. 

Maiiland P»ems, 
From A. S. baer, baere, feretrum. 
BEIRTH, BYRTHE, t, Burdeo, in- 
cunbrance, charge ; G1. Sibb. 

Dan. byrde, btfrlh ; Isl. byrd ; Su. G. 
hoerd^ : Bdg. borde^ A. S. byrth-in ; 
from Moes.G. bair-an, Su.G. baer^, 
to bear. 
BEIS, V. J. Be, is ; tbird p. sing. subj. S. 
Here the second pers. is improperly 
used for the third. A. S. 6ys/, sis ; A- 
lem. Franc, bist, es, firom 6m, sum; 
AVachter, vo. Bin, 
BEI9, B££& One's head is said to hem 
the beet, when one is confused or stupi- 
fied with drink or otherwise, S. Shirrefs. 
Teut bies-erit aestuari, furenie impe- 
tu agitari ; or from the same origin 
witli JDazed, q. ▼. 
BEIST, BEISTYN, $. The firet milk of 
a cowaAershe has calved, S. bUttingSf £. 
A. & beost, btfit ; Teut. biest, biest 
niekk, id. (colostrum). 
To BEIT, BETE, BEET, v. a. 1. To 
help, to supply ; to mend, by making 
addition. Henrysotur. 

To beit the /re, or belt the ingle. To add 
fuel to tlie fire, S. " To beet, to make 
or feed a fire." Gl. Grose. 
To belt a mister, to supply a want. Loth. 

2. To blow up, to inkiudle, applied to 
the fire. Douglas* 

3. To bring into a better state, by re- 
moving calamity or cause of sorrow. 

A. S. bet-an, ge-bet-an, to mend, to 

restore to the original sute; Belg. boet- 

en i Isl. bet-a, Su. G. boet-a, id. boet-a 

klaeder, to repair or mend clothes. A.S. 

bet-an J'yr, corresponds to the S. phrase 

mentioned above, struere ignem. 

Bett, part. pa. Supplied. Wallace. 

BEIT, u An addition, a supply, & B. Y. 

the r. 
BEITMISTER, s. That which u used in 

a strait, for supglying any deficiency ; 

applied either to a person or to a thing ; 

Loth. ' V. BfiT, v. and Mimtsk. 


To BEKEt o. a. To bok. V. Bus. 

B£K£ND,/Kir/. Known; S. B. bekeni. 


Genn. bekaunt, id. Teut be-kennen, 

to know; A.S. be^cunnan, expertri. 

B£LCH, BAILCH, BILCH,«. (gutt) 

1. A monster. Douglas. 

2. A term applied to a very lusty per. 
son, S. B. "A burten belch, or bilch, 
one who is breathless from corpulence, 
q. burst, like a horse that is bioken- 
winded. Boss* 

Teut baigh, the belly ; or as it is 

pron. bailg, Moray, from Su. G. bolgAO, 

bulg-ia, to swelL 

BELD, adj. Bald, without hair on the 

head, S. V. BcLLrr. Bums* 

Seren* derives it from Isl. bala, pla* 

nities. With fully as much probability 

might it be traced to Isl. bael-a, vaatare, 

prostemere, to lay flat 

BELD, s. Pattern, model of perfection. 

V. Beelde. 
BELD, imperf. v. Perhaps, took the 
charge of, or protected. Houlaie. 

Fr. bail, a guardian. In this sense it 
is nearly allied to E. bailed, Fr. baillert 
to present, to deliver up. As, however, 
we have the word beUd, shelter, protec- 
tion, beld may possibly belong to a verb 
corresponding in sense. 
BELD CYTTES, s. j)L Bald coots. 

The bald coot receives it name from a 
bald spot on its head. It is vulgarly call- 
ed beU4nte, & 
BELDIT, part. pa. Imaged, formed. V. 
BsELDE. HoulaU. 

Belg. beeld-en, Qerm. bild-en, Sw. 
bild-a, formare, imaginari. A.& bUd, 
bilith. Germ. Sw. bild, belaete, an image. 
To BELE, V. s. ** To burn, to blase." 


This, however, may mean, bellowed, 

roared, from A. S. bell-an, Su. G. bal-a, 

id. Chaucer uses belle in the same sense. 

BELE, s. A fire, a blase. V. Bail. 

To BELEIF, V. a. To leave; pret bel^. 

A. S. be and Icof-an, Hnquere. 



•TV BELEIF, B£L£W£t v. a. To de- 
Uver up. Dou^au 

It is alio lued at a o. n. with thc.prepi 

A. a MbmMfi, tnden; Aefocwed, tn- 

BELEFE, <. Hope. JDou^lat. 

To SELENE, c n. Totany; orperiuip% 

to icdine, to rest. Sir Gaman, 

A.S. bOen^ed, inhabited. V. Lnim. 

Or allied to Germ. Un^en, recumbere. 

BELEWYT, impeif. v. DehTsred up. 

V. Bnxir, v. S. 
BELGHE, s. Enictatioo» £. belck. 

Z. JBo^, 
LIFE, adv, 1. Immediately, qulokly. . 

8. By and fay, & Bartaur, 

Hiis seems to be the only modem sense 
of the term in S» 

S. At length* Ihmgtat, 

4. It is used in a singular aense^ S.B. 

UilebeHoe, or bSive, a small remainder. 

JPojnUar Ball. 

Chancer bdwe, blioe, quickly; Gower, 

tfyve^id. Hickes mentions Franc. 6eAl^, 

■s signifying protinus, confestim ; and 

' Junius refers to Norm. Sax. bUhe* This 

is certainly the same word ; fiom Alem. 

and Franc Ae/iftHiit, maoere; A.S. (/e» 

Uf-ath id. 

To BELT, V, a. To beaiq^ SpoUwood, 

TO BELL THE CAT, to contend, 

with one^ especially, of superior rank or 

power ; to withstand him, either by words 

or actions; to use strong measunes^ 

wi^thout nigard to consequences, & 


Fr. Mettre la campane att chat, *' to 

begin a quarrel, to raise a biabble ; we 

say alao^ in the same sense, to haijg the 

bell about the cat's neck.*' Co^. 

To SELLER, v. n. TobMbble up. 

, Bp, GaUoway, 

IsL helg4ih inflare bupcat^ 

BELL.PENNY, <• Money kid vp, for 

paying the expence of <me*s funeral ; 

from the ancient use of the passing-belL 

This word is still used in Aberbrothip k. 


BELL.KITE, i. The bald CooL V. 

BELLAN, «. Fight, combat Douffau 

Let. beOum. 
BELLE, «. Bonfire. V. BjlIL. 
BELLING, i. The sUte of desiring the 
female; a term properly applied toharts. 
Rudd. derives the phrase from Fr. 
Mier, a ram ; but perhaps it is rather 
IVom IsL 6oel-a, bd4a^ bqid^ Genn« 
beB-en, mugire, boare. 
BELLIS, «. pi. WaUace. 

BELLIT, tiOJ. Bald. 

Fordun* ScotUhrotu 
BELLY.BLIND, j. The pUy called 
BUnd^nan's buff, &A.: Bimd Harie^ 
synon. S. 

Anciently this term denoted the pei^ 
aon who was blindfolded in the game. 

In Su. G. this game is called Mind-^cAr, 
i.e. blind goat; and in Germ, blinde 
kuhe, q. blind cow. It is probable, that 
the term is the same with BiUtfJBlynde, 
mentioned in the Tales of Wonder, and 
said to be the name of '' a fiuniliar spi- 
rit, or good genius." 
BELLY-FLAUGHT. 1. To ifay, or 
Jloyt beUy-Jlaugki, to bring the diin orer- 
head, ja in flayipg a haj«> S.B. 


9* It is used in Loth, and other provia- 

ces, in a aense ponsidersbly different ; 

•H denoting great eagerness or violence 

in approaching an object Ramiatf* 

9, li is also rendered, " flat forward." 

. . J.Nicol. 


BELLY-THRA, #. The colic. 

Gl. Complaynt. 

A.& bdg. belly, and thra, affliction. 

This term, I am informed^ is still used 

pn the border. 

To BELLWAVER, v. n. 1. To straggle^ 

to stroll, & 

9, To flttjctqate^ to be inconstant; ap« 
plied to the mind, S. 

I am infoiined, however; that the pro- 
nunciation of the term in aope plitcea in 


tlMwesCorg. iiftit/ltfaver; tad that il 
is primaril J applied to a 6Ktf when going 
after the eoivr, and hence transferred to 
man, when supposed to be engaged in 
some aoMwous pursuit 
The origin of the latter part of the ▼. 
is obrions; either from £. urouer or L. B. 
lOffyeJarr, to stray. Perhaps the allusion 
may be toa ram or other animal, roam- 
ing with a belt Irang roand its neck. 
T6 BELT, p. a. 1. To gild, S. 
Hence, in our old balliids bdUd imighu 
am often introduced. 

8. To gird, metaph. used in relation to 
the mind. BtUendetu 

9. To snrronnd, to enTiron in a hosliie 
manner. BeUemhiu 

Isl. beit^, dngere sona. 

To BELT, V. a. To flog, to sooorga^ & 

To BELT, «. ft. To come Ibnravd with a 
sudden spring, 8. 

IsL Mft-a, biU-att, mgMea, to tonobla 

B£LT,/NMt./M. Built. J}9Ugias. 

BELTANE, BELTEIN, s. The name 
of a sort of festival dbserved on the first 
day of May, O. S. ; hence used to denote 
the tenn of Whitsunday. 

PebUt to the Play. 
This ftsthral is chiefly celebrated by 
the cow-herds, who assemble by scores 
in the fields, to dress a dinner for them» 
selves, of boiled milk and egga. These 
dishes they eat with a sort of cakes ba- 
ked for the occasion, and baring small 
lumps in the form of n^ppfes, raised all 
over the surface. The cake seems to 
have been an oflfbring to some Deity in 
the days of bruidisra. — In Ireland, Bel- 
tein is celebrated on the 21st /une, at 
the time of the solstice. There, as they 
make fires on the tops of hills, every 
member of the family is made to pass 
through the fire ; as they redcon this ce- 
remony necessary to ensure good for* 
tune through the succeeding year.-— 
The GaeL and Ir. word BealMne or 
JBeil4ine signifies Bel't Fire ; as com- 
posed of Badt or Pe^, one of the names 
«f the sun in Gaul, and tein signifying 


file. Ewn in Angut a ^wk ^f in If 
called a tein ot teiwL 

BELTH, s. Jhu^fat. 

This word may denote a whirlpool or 
rushing of waters. I am inclined, bow- 
ever, to view it; either as equivaknl tp 
' bMit only with a change in the temi» 
mMlon, fif0(n cmua t or asaignifying» fi- 
gnre, hnage, from A.6. tnHth, Alam. 
bUid, WfefA, id. 

3V BElff ANG, V. a. To hurt, to injote ; 
to overpower, S. B. Mhuirelty Border. 

To BEME, V. fi. 1. To reaonnd, to make 
o noise. Dm^lsi* 

S. To call forth by sound of trumpet 
Cmom mut Got* 
Gem. bomm^en, resonare; or A.S. - 
team, bema,^ tnba. It is evident that 
beme is radically the same with ^omaicn* 
bacanse Germ, bomme, as wdl aa A.S. 
beam, signifies a trumpeL 

B£ME> s. A trumpet ; BcxTSt pL 

Gawan and Got. 
0.£.fom,id. V.tev. 

BEMTNG, s. Bumming, buising. 


BEN, adv. 1. Towards Uie inner apart- 
ment of a house; corresponding to ih</, 
& • Wyntown. 

It is also used as n prepositioo, Gae 
ben the hotuif Go into the inner apart- 

A But and a Bnr, SL ; i.e. a house con- 
taining two rooms. Statist Ace* 
9. It is used metaph. to denote intima- 
cy, favour, or honour. Tbns it is said 
of one, who is admitted to great fiimill- 
arity with another, who either Is, or 
wishes to be thought his superior ; He 
isjkr ben. " C^trjkr ben, too intimate 
or Ihmiliar,'* Gl. Shirr. Lyndtay. 
Leg. as in edit l€70, far ben. 
A.S. binnant Belg. binnen, intus, 
(within) ; binnen'kamer, locos sccretior 
In penetralibus domus; Kiliao. Bdg. 
binnen gaanp to go within, &. to gae 
ben i binnen brengen, to carry within, & 
to bring ben. 

B£N*END, s, 1. Theben-^ndo/a home, 
the inner part of it, S. 


S, Metepb., the be^t part of way llitng i 

M, HM ben^md (fwnp^$ dmnerf Clit pri»- 

cipftlputofit, S.B. 
B£N*H0|LJ8£, s, Jh^ inaer prpijocipal 

apMtmem* S. 
B£NN£B« 4t4f. A comgaaJaie fbnned 

inaxhim Innmr, S.B. 

BENMOST is uied as a nxperlatiTe, aig- 
ntfjring innennoit. Fergiutm* 

Taui. dmn«n#i!^ is sjnoa. 
B£N-INNO, prtp. Wilbin, beyond^ & B. 
Journal Land* 
Ftogn bent q.T« and A.S. mafy or m- 
non, wit^iB > Ahutuinuai Isl. ifin^, id. 
TjuftB-avKt <idv> Within, in the imiar 
apaitmaol, S» V. Tbaibjook^ 
^£NO, s. 1. Band, ribbon, or fiUet ; pi. 
bendis, JOouffm. 

*' Bendt A balder of a woman's cap> 
North. ; perhaps from bandy** Ql. Grose. 
S. It is used impioperi J for a fleeee. 

A.S. bendt baende, Moe8.0. bandi, 
Germ, band, Fen, bend, ▼incoluni. 

To B£ND, e.ii. To drink hard; a cant 
term, 6. J^mtay* 

BENII, r, A pott of Uqoor, S, itomjpy. 

:B£ND£B, J. A hard driaM, a 


B£N£, v.sti^. Are. fieOenden, 

Chancer, ben, id. fyofn bgouf third 

p. pL ftulij. of the A. Sb subatantiTe verti. 

B£N£i6alsou«Bdfor^ JSng'iQuair. 

P£N£, B£IN, BEYNE, BIEN, iu(^ 
I. Wealthj, weU-provided, posseaaing 
al winna ncei o. Bcntjfmf^* 

Tim is periiaps the most common 
aense olf the term, S. llitos we say, A 
bene or bdm farmet^ n weaUfay fanner, 
one wbo is in eaqr» or even in affluent 
drcnmstanoes ; n fern tomf, ftc. 
S. Waim, fBiiiaL In this aense it \a 
applied to a fln^ 9^ Dou^as, 

9. Piwuaat Dotigtat. 

4. Happy, bUasAMi fl^ Ferguton. 

5. S^endid, shoery. Wallaee. 

6. Good, evcallettt in its Jdnd. Dunbar^ 

7. Ei^Eer, neW'^ftngled People are said 
to be lem npon nny thing that Ifaey are 


very fend of. Loth. In tfai^aegie bayne 
occnrs in O. £. 

Isl. bein-a figniflei to prosper, to give 
auooess to any undertaking. Bein, as 
allied to this» signifies hospitable ; bemct 
hospitalily, hospitis a^^c&ae exhibita 
henefloentia. O. Andr. mentions the 
T. beina, as signiiying, hospitii tyeneftna 
praestare. Mm, hoipttaltty, liberality. 

B£N£I.Y, BEINLY. adv. Inthepoe* 
ISfBonof AUnesi^S* 

X« Sc^nd^9 Lament. 

B£K£, a<ft>. WeU ; yW' «m> ftill welL 
This woffdM BMWt probably from Lat. 
6m^, wdL 

BENJEL. #• A \mjh a condderable 
quantity; as ** a ba^ of coaU^*' ^en 
many are laid at once on the fire^ S. B. 
Ba^ hpFerer, is used in the same 
aense in the South and West of a V. 


PENK, BINK, «. A bench, a seat. It 

saoms sometimes to have denoted a seat 

of honour. JTeffy. 

Dan. benkt Qerm. bankt scamnum s 


pENNt «. A sash. V. Bbkd. BUxiut. dec. 

BENORTHt ^?rep. To the northward of; 
butntOh to the southward of, a 


i. 1. Foros^ Tiolanoe of whfterer kindL 
a JDoMfftii. 

S. A severe stroke; properly that whidi 
one receires from a push or shoves a 
9. •* A severe rebuke,** Ol Shirr. " I 
got a terrible bentoUg** I wasseferelj 
scolded, a 

4.i{efistl£f a>Ere,astrongfire^ Sooth 
and West of a 

It is not unlikely diat the word w^a 
originally bent'sail, as alludbg to a ves- 
sel drifen by the force of the winds. 

To BENSEL, v. a. To ban|^ or beat^ 6L 
Sibb. ** Bemeif to beat or bang. Vox 
nistica, Yorksh.*' GL Grose. 

eaae^ apparently of horses. Palumrt. 
JPonoiKi perhaps from A. a ten, Teut 


^m, 09, and h^, devatio ; q. the twell- 
|ng of the bone. 

BENSHIE, BENSHI, s. EzpL'^Faiiy's 
vrife." Pennant. 

It has been observed, that this being, 
who is still reverenced as the tutelar dae- 
mon of ancient Iriah families, is oi pnre 
Celtic (nigin, and owes her title to two 
Gaelic words. Ben mdtlghean, signify- 
ing the head or chief of the fairies. But 
It seems rather derived fit>m Ir. GaeL 
len, bean a woman, said by Obrien to 
be the root of the Lat. Venust and sighe, 
a fairy or hobgoblin. 

BENT, 1. 1. A coarse kind of grass, grow- 
ing on hilly ground, S. Agrostis vul- 
garis Linn. Common hair-grass. 
2« The coarse grass growing on the sea- 
shore, S. denoting the Tridcum jun- 
ciuip, and also the Aruodo arenaria. 


3. The open field, the plain, 8. Douglas. 

4. Togae to the bent, to provide for one'a 
safety, to flee from danger, by leaving 
the haunts of men ; as it is also vulgar^ 
]y said, to tak the cuntrie on his back. 

Teut. biend§e ; Genu, bintz, bins, a 
rush, juncus, sdrpus; a binden, vin- 
cire, quia sportas, sellas, fiscellaa, et si- 
milia ex juncis conteximus; Wach- 
BENTY, BENTEY, atg. Covered with 
bent' grassy S> Monroe* s lies. 

To BER on hand. V. Bxab. 
BERBER, s. Baiberry, a shrub. 

^ Gawan and Sir Got. 
L B. 6er&m», Sw. id. 
BERE, f Noise; also. To Bus. V. Bna. 
B£RE,s. Boar. V.BAta. Douglas. 
BERE, f. Barley. W^own. 

a fish. Orkn. 

The first syllable of its name is un- 
doubtedly from Isl. berg, a rock. Had 
it any resemblance to the eel, we might 
suppose the last from tud, q. the rock 


BERHEDIS^t.;^ Heads of boars. V. 
Bns. Gdtvofi and Gal* 


BERIT, imperf. V. Ban, v. 
To inter, to bury. Douglas^ 

A.S. iyrtg-ait» id. Junius says that 
A. & bjffig'an is literally, tumulare. It 
may, however, be supposed that the 
primitive idea is found in IsL 6tfg'-ia» 
Franc, berg^-an, to cover, to hide, to de- 
BERIIS, s. Sepulture. 

A. & byrigds, sepultuia. Siridis ia 
accordingly used by Widif for tombai 
BERYNES, BERYNISS^ s. Burial, ii^ 
tetment. Sufhour, 

A. S. hfrignesse, sepultun. 
BER^BROUNE, a shade of brown ap- 
proaching to red. Gawan and Got, 
We stiU say, '< as brown at a berrtft"^^ 
S. A. S. beria, baoca. 
BERLE, 1. Beryl, a precious atdne. 

From thb s. Doug, fonns the ad(j. 
bertaU, shining Uke beryl. 
BERLY, act;. Apparently, strong, mighty. 
This word is the sama^ I suspect, with 
£. bwrltf, strong. If berly be the ancient 
word, either ftom Germ, bar, vir illus* 
tris; or from 6a«fs urstts ; especially aa 
Su.G. biom, id. was metaph. used to 
denote an illustrious persou^Ci 
BERN, BERNEi t. 1. A baron. 


2. It is oflen used in a general sense, as 

denoting a man of rank or authority ; 

or one who has the appeaimnce of rank, 

although the degree of it be unknown. 

GaiMm and GoL 

5. A man in general. Douglas. 

A. S. beome, princeps, homo^ Benson ; 

** a prince, a nobleman, a man of ho. 

nour and dignity," Somner. jBem, aa 

denoting a xiian, in an honourable aenae, 

may be from A.S. bar, free, or Lat. 6a- 

ro, used by Cicero^ as equivalent to • 

lord or peer of the realm. 

BERN, «. A bam, a place for laying up 

and threshing gfrain. Gawan and OoL 

A.S. bem, id. Junius supposea that 

tiiis la oomp. of bere, biriey, and em. 


phei, Qi " llieiilace wliere bvl^isde- 
poiitad," GL Goth. 
BERSI8, «. <« A qiedw of amiion for- 
mcily much naed at mb. It resembled 
the fiuicm, Init was ihorter, and of a 
laiger calibre," Gl. Compl. 


Fr. barcey bercke, " the piece of oid- 

nance caUcd a baw ;*' Goigr. phbarcdt 

B£RTH» i. Apparentlji tige. Wyntown. 

Id. and Sw. bnetUf id. 
BURDINSECIL The lam rf Berihin^ 
$tkf a law, aceording to which no man 
was to be poniahed capitally for stealing 
a calf, sheep, or so mudi meat as he 
could carry on his bade in a sack. 


A.^ge'bwiksfn in ioeca, a burden 

hi a sack ; or ftom ge-be^f-a, portare. 


partipa. Struck, battered. WaOace. 

This is evidently the same with Ban. 

TTK, q.v» 

BESAND, BEISAND, s. An ancient 

pieoe of cold com, offisred by the Rendi 

kings at the mass of their consecration 

at Rheims, and called a JB^tantmef as 

the coin of this descripibn was 6nt 

strode at J9ytotUmii» or ConsUntinople. 

It is said to have been worth, in Fkench 

money, fifty pounds Toumoit, 


Ti BESElk, 9.0. To beseech, to entreat. 


A.S. be and see-oii, to seek; Belg. 

tfer-Moek^ent to solidt, to entreat; Mocs. 

G. tok-^an, to ask, used with respect to 

BESY, o(|r* Busy. Wyniovnu 

A.8. 6ysf, Belg. bed^, id.; aUied 

perhaps to TeuL byu tnrbatns, ^f -en, 

violento impetu agltarii 
BESYNES, «. Bunness. Jryniawu 


EzpL " whore^ b«wd," GL Sibb. V. 


BESHACHT, pari. pa. 1. Notitnigh^ 
dtslortedy Ang. 


f • Tom, tattered ; often including the 
idea of dirtiness, Perths* The latter 
seems to be an oblique use. V. Shacht. 

To BESLE, or BEZLE, o.n« To talk 
much at random, to talk inconsiderate- 
ly and boldly on a subject that one is 
ignorant of, Ang. 

Belg. betuel-^n, to trifle^ to fahiej 
TeuL betuel-en, nugari. 

BESLE, BEZLE, §. Idle taUOng^ Ang. 
Belg. beutei, id. 

BESMOTTRIT, pari. pa. Bespattered, 
Ibuled. Ihuglas. 

A.S. besmyi-an, macnlare, inquinare; 
Belg. betmodder-en, Germ, ickmader^f 
echmaiier*n, to stain, S. tosmadds Su. Gw 

BESOUTH, prep. To the southward o& 


BEST, parL pa. Struck, l^ten. V. 

Baist. Barbour^ 

BEST, parupa. Perhaps, fluttering, or 

ihaken. Barbour, 

IsL beafU-if concutio. 
BEST, f. *' Beast, any animal not hn^ 

man," GL Wynt WynUnon. 

The term is still used in this general 

senses S. pronounced qi teiit, S. B. 
BEST«MAN, ft Brideroan; as best-maU 

Is bridesmaid ; from haTing the prmci» 

pal o6ke8 in waiting on the brid^ S. 
BESTI AL» fof Tre) «. An engine for a 

gicge. WaUacei 

It seems uncertain, whether thn word 

be formed from Lat. bettialie. as at firrt 

applied to the engines called ranuy sow^ 

&c.,orftomFr.ia«<i0eiatower; L.B.- 

BESTIALITE^, «. Cattle ComplayntSi 

L.B. beMtiaUa, pecodes; Fr. beHaiL 

BESTKEIK, pari, pa. Drawn out; gold 

bettreik, gold wire or twiat Buret* 

Tout be-ttreet'en, eztendere. 

BESTURTBD, pari. pa. Startled, m* 

Uurmed, afrigbted, & 

Germ. 60fli«rs.«ii, to startle; bethnrii 

Ktfn, to be startled. Ihre riews IsL 

tHrd-r, rigid, immoveshle^ as the il)OC 

BESWAKIT,por«.;Hi. Apperently,soak- 

fldfdraMhed. JMbar. 


Isl. iockt mA^, taukih^, mergL 
3b BESWEIK, p. a. To aUuit; to be- 
gttilc^ to decdtttk 

A.& ttoioan, 60NPte«afi« Id. $nk^ku 
Alem. MntcA-«f» SikOv npft^Oi G«niLi 

BETi pref. Strock. Chman and GoL 

A.& htai^n, 811.O. ^•«; tv Aele» 
thou bait atnt€k. 

BKT, BETT, pr«« «ia jiorr. Helped, 
•upplied. V. BsiT. 

BET, pari, pa. BttOt, erected. D&nghu. 
This is e MoonderyaDd oblique tense 
ortfaeti.l?ls£^, q. ▼• 

BET, 114;. Better. KtngU Qaair, 

A. a kl, Tent hai, bet, meliiti, po- 
tttis, magis; Alem. hah ha%% meliory 
tbefeomper.ofaot, bOBm. A.S.^-im, 
cmendere^ and the other qmoii. Tcrbe 
in the Hortliem laagnagei, have been 
▼iewed as orlgbatuig the terak J^» 
itideed, seemt to be mcnly the paet 
liart, mended, i. e. made better. 

B£TAN£,j)arl.jNi. ^ihape» Isdoaed. 

A. SL heUenremf 5ci^it-an, to indoaei 

oommHled In traits dkUveied u^ ▼• 

TV BETECH, BEtEAClI,«.e. t\»de* 
liver np, to CMHdgn; hehJky pret. 6e- 
iaueht^ pict and pert. pa. 
Henee « the common 
aion, God I heteaeh me HO,'* Rodd.; 
and tiiat need by Ramiay, JSetoofdk^ns- 
10.* Lob Let m eommend onteelves to 
the protection of tome eupetior being. 
O. E. Mtole, comAitied ; aleo bitangk- 
ttHfbitakknf bOauH. A,S. betaec-on, 
tnda^ coBcedett, aoigBare^ coumea- 
dare ; to deliter, to grant* toaMign or 
appoint^ to betake or recommend unto; 
Somner. Betaehte, tndidit 

cbekurs. HwJate. 

2b BETRUMPE, e. a. Tb deceiTn. 




Betratiii Doaglee; betraittedf WaU 

lace; hetraUed, Chaitoer; ftetmnf, R. 

Bnmne. derm. Meg^efi, betrieg'^ni. ¥t» 

trak-4r, id. UrOkueont treaion. 

BETW££8H» prep. Betiriit, a V. 

BEVAR, «. One who la worn out with 
age. Hemyeofot* 

It is evidently from the same eonrco 
with Hawrd, adj. q.v. WestiUiaya 
be wK ^ k or e t tbe a lean hots% or one worn 
out with age or hard work ; S. 
BEVEL, f. A stroke $ somethnes, a vio- 
lent posh with the elbow, a Many* 
TUs is a derivative from Baf, beft 
Sir Gawan and Sir Gal* 
Perhaps from A. a btfer-an, clrcum- 
date s or as the same with ftseeroiuf , 
which IKbh. lenders ** shaking, nod- 
ding ;'* deriving it from Tent. Aev-ca, 
ooottcmcre^ This is a provincial £. 
woid. ** Beeering, tiembUng. North." 
Gl. Groie. 
BfeVIBi (qfajire) i. A teim used to de- 
note a gteal lire ; sometimes 60010?, S» 
BMteps from £. bavim, ** a stidL like 
tfMM boond up in fliggots," Johnson. 
It Is thvs used in O.E. 
BEVIE, t. A |og^ a push, a from the 

same eoiirce wim beteL V. Bafp, ^ 
BEVI8. V. Bkvmu 
BEUCH, f . (gutt) A bough, a branch, a 
A.a boga, bohf id. from bagman, to 
BEUCHIT, part. pa. (gutt) Bowed, 
crooked, a Zlong/et . 

A.a 6i^SHm, curvare. 
BEUGH, f • (gutt) A Uflsb, a leg, Bor- 
der. MvetgfteHm 
Isl. bog, Alem. pnae, Germ, bug, id. 
Hie term IS applied both toman and to 
other animals* Both Ibie and Wschter 
view bug-en, to bend, as the origin ; aa 
it is by means of its Joints that an ani- 
mal bends itself. 
BEUGLE.BACK£I^ai{p. CrookAmck- 
e<L Ifaffon. 


A.& ^g'omf to bow ; Tout. ted^Z, 
fibbuSi Germ, bugei, a dinun. from kug, 
d— oting any thia^ curved olr diailer. 
It ii vodoubtedly the aeme word that is 
Bour piOBOODoed boolie^dtitt SL 

BEUKE, prei. «• Baked. i^p^^los* 

A.& kae4 pitt. of hacan* pinacro. 

BBULD, 0^, Bow.lq^ed, Ang.; q. beu- 
geld from tiw Mme otfigia witb beu^ 
in Beugk-JMcktdt q* ▼• 

BEW, atg, Good» honouiable. Ump «c*y- 

m, or jclUrrtt, good Sin. Vr.beau, good. 


To B£WAV£» BEWAUE, v. a. To' 
came to waader or waver. 

A. 8. witf4amt vaclUare, fluctuart. 
BEWia BEWYS, s. pli Boughs. V. 

Bbucm. Dumglas. 

B£Wia»«.pl. B«aisiMa.O.Fr.itfai<,beau. 

tj. ikfoiCtofid Poemi. 

B£WITH» s. A tiling wbieh is employed 

aa a snbetitale finr another, although it 

iboald not answer the end ao well. 

One who arrive^ when the regular 
diner is eaten. Is mid to get <« only a 
hewiih for adinner/* a Aom the subst. 
▼• coqjofaied with the prep^ q. what one 
must submit to finr a time. 
To BEWRT, 0. o. To pervert to distort 

Tent iDroegA-en, torquere, angere. 
BY, pr^ 1. Beyond, 8. FUtcoUie. 

3. Beudes, orer and ahore. PiUcoiHe* 
g. Away from, without, without regard 
to^ contrary to. WaUaee* 
jy, as thus used, is sometiraee diicflt- 
ly ooBtreeted with bt, as s^i^riog b^ 
in the modem sense of the teml. This 
snay be viewed as an oblique sense of by 
as signifying VyMd/ perhaps in allu- 
sion to an arrow that flics wide from the 

4. lo a way of distinction from, & 


BY, adv. Wheo, after; q. by the time that 


Hiis idiom is very ancient, Moes.0. 


^ihegaUtkunikaibroikijiuiis When 
his brethren were gone up. 

BY-HAND, odbL Over, & V. Hami. 

BY-LYAB, f. A neutraL JTnor. 

From the v. To lie by, £. 

BIAS, a word used as a mark of the su- 
perlative degree ; bitu bowy, very band- 
eone; bias hungryt .very hungry, Aberd. 

BIB, t. A term used to denote the sto- 
mach, Ang*, borrowed, perhaps, from the 
use of that small piece of linen, thus de- 
nominated, which covers the breast or 
stomach of a child. 

BYBILL, i. A laiga writings a scroU so 
extensive that it may be compared to a 
book. DeieeUon Q^ Mary. 

The word occurs in a simiUur sense in 
O.E. As used by Chaucer, T>rwhltt 
Justly renders it " any gnat book.** In 
liie dark ages, when books were scarce, 
those, which would be most frequently 
mentioned, would doubtlem be the J9t- 
bU and Breviary, Or, this use of the 
word may be immediately from L. B. 6i- 
Ma, a book, {Gv. /3iCao,-}» ^hich occurs 
in this sense from the reign of Charle- 
Rii^a downwards. 

BICHMAN. f. Perhaps for MAman, q. 
booiknukih OM who sdls goods in a 
6ootil. Dwnbar^ 

In edit 1508, it is b^thman. 

BYCHT. V.LT09T. Bmdate, 

BICK, t. A bitch; « «ho female of the 
canine kind,'* 8. 

A.S. Mcee, Ncce, id.; IsL MdKo, ca- 

To BICKER. BYKER, v. a. lUs e., 
as used in S., does not merely ugnify, 
<« to fight, to skirmish, to fight oflT and 
on,*' as it is defined in £. dictionaries. 
It also denotes, 1. The consUnt motion 
of weapons of^any kind, and the repid 
succession of strokes^ in a battle or broil. 
S. To fight by throwing stones ; S. 

3. To move quickly; S, 

4. It expresses the noise occasbned by 
successive strokesb by throwing of 
stonesi or by any rapid motion ; & 



a B. Inere, a iMttle ; ** Pen. pykar.** 

id. GI. Wynt 
BICKER, BIKERING, f. 1. A fight 

carried on with stonCB ; a term among 

8cboolboy«» & 

2. A coBtentioii, strife, S. BaOUe. 

BICKER, BIQUOUR, 9* A howl, or 

diah for oontai&ing liquor ; properiy, one 

made of wood ; S. EvergreeH* 

Germ, bedter / IsL ftouAttr, Ukare i 

Sw. bagare ; Dan. begere / Gr. and L.B. 

fitt%9^t, baccarium i ItaL bicckiere, pa- 

teia, scyphus. 
To BID, 0. a. 1. To deiire, to pray for. 

This sense is common in 0#£. 
2. To care for, to value. DougUu. 

From the same origin with Bmis, 
To BIDE, BYDE, «. a« 1. To await, to 
wait fwi JCeByt, 

2. To suffer, to endure. " He bides a 
great deal of pain;** S. Wcttmorel, id. 

An oblique sense of Mtfes* G« beid-ant 
A.8. ftt'd-on, ezpectare. 
To BIDE be, v. n* To continue in one 

sute, S. 
BIDINGS,* Sufferings. V. Bisc»v 
BY-EAST, towards the east. V. Be, prtp» 

It is viewed at die same with Burdiy^ 
q. T. But to me it seems rather to sig- 
nify, fit* proper, becomings from IsL 
byr'iar, ber, decet, oportet 
BIERLING, s. A galley, &B. 

Statist. Aec. 

BIG, BIGG, f. A particuhu' species of 

bariey, also denomuuUed bear, SL Cumh. 

id. barley. Statist, Ace. 

Isl. bygg, hordeom, Dan* 6yg, So.G. 

hiuggi id. 

To BIG, BYG, «.a. TobaOd; &, Cumk, 

We8tmoreL,id. WaOace. 

This word occurs in O.E. although 

not very frequently. A.S. ^ycg-an, Isl. 

bygg-vh ^^.Q.bygg-aj aedificare, instru- 

ere, a firequentaUve finom 6o, id; as it 

is customaiy with the Goths thus to 


augment raonatyllabks in e / tsinggHi 

from 00, a sow* 
BIGGAR, t. A builder, one ^o cairies 
on • building. AcU Marie. 

s. A building ; a house, properly of a 
laiger liie, at opposed to a cottage^ S. 
Biggit^ a building, GL W^stmoceL 
IsL biggksg, ttructunL 
BIGGIT, pan. pa. Built. 

This word isused in vaiiooi tenses, SL 
Biggit land, land when there are houie^ 
or buildings, cootratled with one's si- 
tuation in a solitude, or for from any 
shelter during a storm, S. Barbovr. 
WeUt biggitt wdl«gvowiv lusty. 

A weHl biggit botfy is one who hat ac- 
quired a good deal of wealth, &B. 
BIGGIT, jmf. Periiaps^ inclined. 

A.& byg-tm, flectere. Xing Haft. 

BIGLY, BYGLY, c^f. Commodious, or 

habitable. Bhidy Serk. 

Fkom A.S. big'-an, habitant and lie» 

BIGHTSOM* a^. Implying an easy air, 
and, atthesame time^ activity, S.B. 

Periiapt q. buxom, from A.Sb boctnm 
flexibilis ; fyg-oti, to bend. 
BIGONET, s. A linen cap or coif. 


FWnn the same origin with E« 6<ggm» 

<' a kind of coif, or ltnen^«flp for a 

young child;*' PbiUipe* Vr* begum. 



1. Ftat ; & The latter is mentioned by 
Dr Johnson as <* a Sooteh word.*' 

9. Preceding ; tquivdent to £« prede- 
ceased. Dou^Uss. 
BYGANES, BIGONES, usedast^ji;. 
denoting what is past, l}ut properly in-» 
duding the idea of transgression or de- 
foct 1. It denotes offences against the 
sovereign, or the state, real or sui^MMed. 

2. It is used in relation to the quarrels 


•f Itffert, or grounds of offenco given by 
either party, & Morison, 

5. It often denotes arrears, sums of mo- 
ney formerly due, but not paid, S. 

BIGS, B«rboar, xix. S9S. Fink. ed. Leg. 

BIKE, BTKE, BEIK, $, U A bnUding, 

an habitation, & GawmandGoi. 

9. A nest or hire of beea^ wasps, or 

ants, & Douglas. 

3. A building erected for the preserva- 
tion of grain ; Caithn. PennatU. 

4, Metaph. an association ov collective 
body; & Lyndtay. 
To ikaU the byhe, metaph. to disperse 
anassembly of whataver kind; & 

Isl. Htk-ar denotes a hive, ahrear; and 
Teut. bU-hockt bie-^myck, apiarium, al- 
vearium, KUian. The Isl. word is pro- 
bably from Su.G. bygg-a, to build, part 
IM. bygtUi q. something prepared or 
built. There seems to be no reason to 
doobt that the word, as used in sense 2, 
IB the same with that denoting a habiu- 
lion. For what is a byke or bee-Uke, 
but a building or habitation of bees? 

B YK. Apparently, an emt for byi^ bite. 

BYKAT, B£IKAT, «. A male salmon; 
80 called, when come to a certain age^ 
because of the beak which grows in his 
under jaw; Ang. 

BILBIE, t. Shelter, residence ; Ang«, 
Thi% I apprdicnd, is a very ancient 
word. It may be either from Su.G. 2^9 
habitacnlom, and by^ pagus, conjoined, 
as denoting residence in a village ; or 
more simply, from Bolbyt villa prima* 
fia ; from bol, praedium, and by, a vil- 
lage. Thus boiby would signify a village 
which has t^praediuoh or territory of its 
own, annexed to it. 

filLEFT, pm. Remained, abode. 

iStr Tristrem. 
A.S. bdff-an, superesse, to remain ; 
Aleni. biUb-tn, Franc. biUv^ent manere; 

BILGET, adj. Bulged, jutting out 


Su.G. bulg-ia, to swell, whence lal^ 
bylgjUit a billow. Or, Isl. eg beige, cur- 
▼o ; belgia buopta, inflare buccas. 

To BILL, 1^ a. To register, to reoordi 

Bp. Forbes* 

BILLIE, BILLY, 4.1. A companion, a 
comradek i Aiinstrelsy Border. 

S. Fellow, used rather contemptuously, 
S. synon. chiOd, chap. Shirrrfk. 

3 • As a term expressive of affection and 
fiimiliarity ; S. Jianuay. 

4. A lover, one who is in suit of a wo- 
man. Evergreei^ 
Still used in this sense, S.B. 

5. A brother, S. Minstrelsy Border. 
6* Apparently used in allusion to bro- 
therhood in arms, according to the an- 
cient laws of chivalry.ilftn4lr«%^ord^. 

7. A young man. In this sense it is of- 
ten used i the pi. The billies, or, tAe 
young billies, S.B. 

It is expl. ** a stout man, a clever fel- 
low,*' GL Shirr. 

8. Sometimes it signifies a boy, &B. as 
synon. vrith callan. Rots. 

It is probably allied to Su.G. Germ. 
bilUg, Belg. billUc, equalis ; as denoting 
those that are on a footing as to age^ 
rank, relation, affection, or employment 

BILLIT, atff. " Shod with iron," Rudd. 

Billit ax. Douglas. 

This phrsse is perhaps merely a cir- 

cmnlocution for the bipennis, or large 

ax. v. Balax. 

BILTER, s. A diild, Domfr. ; W.piUer, 

BIN, s. A mountain, S.O. GaUovoay, 
From Gael ben, id., Lomond bin^ 
being synon. with Benlomond, 

BIND, BINDE, «• 1. Plmension, sise; 
especially with respect to circumference. 
A barrel of a certain bind, is one of cer- 
tain dimensbns, S.; hence Barrellbiud, 
8. It is used more generally to denote 
size in any sense. Acts Marie. 

5. Metaph. to denote ability. " Aboon 
my bind," beyond my power. This ia 
often applied to pecuniary ability ; S. 
This use of the word is evidently bor- 

tawd horn the ld«i ctbindmg ft Tcssel 
with hoops. 
BINDLE, «. The cord or rope that hinds 
•Djr thing, whether made of hemp or of 

811.G. binda, a headband, ^ fiUet, 
fxtmi brnd-as, to bind. Tent, fttntfd; li^ 


^INDWOOD, s. The Tulgar name for 
iijf &; Hedera helii» JLinn.; pn»u 

Benomioafcd, perfaapa, from the 
strong hold that it takes of a wall, a 
lock, trees, &c q. the binding wood. It 
is probably the same whidi Is written 
benwood. Statin. Ace, 

.BING, s. 1. A heap in general. Xyntfioy. 

2. A heap of grain, & Douglas. 

3. A pile of wood; immediately design- 
ed as a funeral pile. Douglas. 
4» " A temporary indasnre or reposi- 
tory made of boards^ twigs, or straw 
ropes, for containiBg grain or such like; " 
GI. Sibbs where It is also written binne* 

Dan. bing, Sw. binge, lal. bing-^, ca* 
To BYNGE, r. n. Toeringe. V. Bbbitge. 
To BINK, V. at To press down, so as to 
deprive any thing of its proper shape. 
It is prindpaily used as to shoes, when, 
by careless wearing, they are aUowed to 
fall down in the heeb; S. 

O. Teut. bangh-en, p remere, in angus- 
tam Gogere. Sw. bank-at to beat, aeems 
allied ; q. to bent down. 
BINK, «. 1. A bench, a seat; S.B. 

Priests ^PMis. 
^. A wooden fhraie, fixed to the wall of 
a bouse, fbrholding plates, bowls, spoons, 
&c. Ang. It is also called a IHate-ract ; 
S. CoMl. 

BINK, s. A bank, an acclirity, S.B. 

Wachter obserres that Germ, bank, 
Su. G. baenk, denote any kind of ami* 
nencc. V. Bsioe. 
BYPTICIT, part. pa. Dipped or dyed. 

Let baptizo. Houlate. 

BIR, BIRR, s. Force. I find that laL 

5yr, expL irentns fema, is 
from6«r^, ferre; Gl.Edd.Saem. 

lady, a damsel. Gawanand Gol. 

Aa bridde h the word uiad by Chau- 
«ar finr bird, It is merely the A.a term 
lor pvlhis, puUvIna. JBrn^ aa applied 10 
a damaal, Appears to be the coiamon 
teim used in a mctaph. sense. 
S. Used, also metaph., to denote the 
yooog oTquadnipeds, partieidariy of the 
fox. V. Ton's Bians. 

BYRD, tKin^. It behoved, it I 

A.S. byretkt pertinet Thb imp. t. 
may have been formed ftom lyr^n, 
ber^n, to carry, or may be viewed aa 
neariy «Uied to It Hence biretk, ges* 
tavit; Germ, berd, ge-haerd^ id., Sic4 
berd^erh gestum faotte. 8a.G. 6ecr^« 
deber^f prat, borde, anciently boetjadem 

BIRDING, s. BurAen, load. V. Birtb, 
BrsTR. Damglas. 

A.S. byrfken, Dan. byrde, id, 

BIRD-MOUTH'D, a4^.MeaIy-moiitfaM, 
S. Btmmy^ 

BYRE, s. CowhooaBp a Byer, id. Conb. 
Gawanand Gol» 
PeriiBps allied to Fnnt. buer, • cot- 
tage ; byre, Su. G. jyr, a village; Gcnn. 
faster, haUtaculum, eavee ; from Su. G. 
bo, bu^a, to dwell. Or from laL bu, • 
cow ) Gael bo, id. 

BIRK,<. Bitch, atree;& Betttls aUMr 

Linn. JDouglas. 

A.8. hire, IsL biorki. Tent. berek, id. 

To Bl RK, V. n. To give a tart answci^ to 
converse in a riiarp and cottiiig way; S. 
A.S. bire-an, beorc-itn, to baik, ^ of 
a snariing humour. Henoe^ 

BIRKIE, a((j. Tart, inspeedi, & 

BIRKY, «. 1. AlivdyyoongfeUow; a 
person of mettle; 8.PoeinsSuehanJXaL 
2. AuldBirky, " In conversation, ana- 
logous to oid Boy," GI. Shirr. Bamsay. 
Allied perhaps to IsL berk-ia, jactare^ 
to boast ; or biarg-a, opitul«ri» q. one 
able to give assistance^ 

BIRKIN, BIRKEN, o^. Of, or be- 


loDgililt t<» b>>^ ; S. Gumanand tict. 
A«& ocorotHf id* 

7« BIRL, BIRLE, th a. 1. Tbis wofd 
primanljr signifies tiie act of pouring 
OttCy or ftinuahing drink for guests» or 
«f pftitiiig it among them. Douglas. 
S. lV>ply witii drink. MintU Border, 
S. To drink pleaUfully, S. Douglas, 
4, To dub money for the purpose of 
procuring drink. ** 1*11 Hrie my baw- 
bitf^*' I will coBtribate my share of the 
eoLpeaees & Sanua^. 

In IsL it is used in the first sense ; 
^^riHh infiinderc^ ralscere potum. In 
A.& it oocurs in sense third, hirU'iafh 
Ud4an, faaurtre. Henoe bjfrle, a but- 
ler. IsL b^ar, id. Birle, O.E. hastho 
same signification. 

To BIRL, tr. n. V. Biaa, «. 

COURT. V. BuaLAw. 


pL A species of oats, & matisi. Aec, 

it seema to hare receired its bame 

Aom its supposed resemblance to barley. 

BIRLIE,!. A loaf of bread; S.B. 

BIRLIN, «. A small ressel used in tbo 
Western Islands; Marim. 

Brobably of Scandinavian origin* as 
8w. bars is a kind of slnp ; and berling, 
• boai^etafi; Seren. I am informed, how- 
«fer, diat in Gael the word is written 

76 BIRN, 0.a. To bum. Y. BaTir. 

BIRN, BIRNE, s. A burnt mari: ; S. 
Acts Charles II. 
Skin and BirtSf a common phrase, deno- 
ting the whole of any thing, or of any 
number of persons or ^Ugs ; S. from 
A. & lym, burning. Acts Marie. 

BIRN, s. A burden, &B. Boss. 

To gie one's bsm a hiick, to assist him 
in a strait, & B. Poems BuchanDial. 
An abbnviation of A. S. byrthen, bur- 
den ; if not from C. B. biom, onus, 6ym- 
ie, ODerare ; Davies. 

BIRNIE, BYRNIE, s. A corslet, abri- 

gUidina Dau^as. 

A.S. byrnt byrmti Isl. bryn, brynia, 


Sw. bringOf thorax* lorica, munimen- 
tum pectoris $ probably from IsL brmga, 

BIRNS, «. pi. Roots, the stronger stems 
of burnt heath, which remain after the 
smaller twigs are consumed ; S. 

A..S. 6ym, incendium. Pennytuilc. 

BIRR, *. Force. V. Bznu 

To BIRR, V. n. To make a whirring noisc^ 
especially in motion; the same witli 
birle, S. V. Bixa, s. Douglas. 

To BiRL, v.n. I. To " make ,a noise like 
a cart drfving over stones, or mill-stones 
at work." It denotes a constant drill- 
ing sound, S. Popular BalL 
2. Used improperiy, to denote quick 
motion in walking. Loth. 

Birl seems to be a dimin. from the t. 
Birr, used in the same sense, formed by 
means of the letter I, a common note of 


1. A bristle^ " a sow's Wr«f," the bris- 
tle of a sow, S. Evergreen. 

2. M etaph. for the beard. £hox. 
5, Metapfa. for the indication of rage or 
displeasura. " To set up one's birss,** 
to put one in a mge. The birse is also 
said to rise, when one's temper becomes 
warm, in allusion to animals fenced 
with bristles, that defend themselves, or 
express their rage in this way, S. 

Course of ConformUie, 
A.S. byrai. Germ, borst, burst, Su.G. 
borst, id. Ihre derives it from 6urr, a 
thistle. Sw. saettia up borstent to put 
one in a rage ; borsta sigt to give one's 
self airs, £. to bristle up. 
BiassT, <u(;. 1. Having bristles, rough, 
S. Douglas. 

2. Hoi-tempered, easily irritated, S. 

3. Keen, sharp; applied to the weather. 
'* A birssy day," a cold bleak day, S.B. 

To BIRSE, BIRZE, BRIZE, v. a. 1. 
To bruise, S. 

Watson. Police of Honour. 
Brise is common in O.E. 
2. To push or drive ; to btrse in, to push 
In, S. Skirrefs. 


A.S. brys-an, Belg. bryt-en i Ir. 
bri$4ms Fr. briS'Cr, id. 

BIRSE, BRIZE, $. A bruise, S. 

ti. a. 1. To bum slightly, to broil, to 
parch by meam of fire; m, to binU 
pease, & Douglas. 

8. To scorch ; refbrriog to the heat of 
the sun, & Douglas* 

S. To warm at a lively, fire^ & A. Bor. 
brtislet id. 

Su.G. bras<h • h'vely fire; whence 
Isl. 6ry«, ardent heat, and bryu-a, to 
act with fervour, ee breiske^ toneo, adu- 
n>; A.S. brastl, glowing, brastlian, to 
burn, to make a crackling noise. 

BIRSLE, BRISSLE, s. A harty toasts 
ing or scorching, & 

BIRTtf, BYRTH, «. Siie, bulk, bur- 
den. V. Buaomo. Douglas* 
W.byrdtbyrih'Ur, byrih'i, TUMubyrde, 
Sti. 6. boerdf burden ; whence byrding, 
navis oneraria. The origin is IsL ber-a, 
Su. G. baet'ih A. S. ber-an, byr»an, por« 

BIRTH, <. A current in the sea, caused by 
afttrioustide, butuking a difi^rent course 
from it, Orkn. Caithn. Statist, Ace. 
Isl. byrdiof currere, festinare, VereL ; 
as apparently signifying a strong cur-^ 

BY-RUNIS, s.pL Arrears. Sketie. 

This is formed like Bt-gakks, q. v. 


' Douglas. 
MoecGt Hrmn'ttn, percurrere. 

BISHOPRY, s. Episcopacy, government 
by diocesan bishops, jfyohget. Belation, 
A. S. biscoprieet episcopstus. 

BISHOP'S FOOT. It is said, the Bi^ 
shop* s foot has been in the broth, when 
they are singed, & 

This phrase seems to have had its ori* 
gio in times of Popery, when the cler- 
gy had such extensive influence, that 
hardly any thing could be done with- 
out their interference. A similar phrase 
la used A. Bor. <' The bishop has set his 
Jbot in itf SL saying in the North, used 
for milk U»t is bumt-to in boiling.** 


BISKET, s. Breast V. BaisKir. 
s. Abyss, gulf. Demglas. 

Fr. albysme, Gr. «Cu««'0c. 
BISMAR, BYSMER, s. A steelyard, or 
Instrument for weighing resembling it; 
sometimes bissimar, S. B., Orkn. V* 
PuNdlaiu Barry. 

lal. bismari, besmar, libra, tmtina mi- 
nor; Leg. West Goth, bismare, SvuO. 
besman / Teut. bosewter, id. stater ; Ki^ 
lian. Q. Andr. derives this vrord fiom 
IsL beSf a part of a pound wei^^t 
BISMARE, BISMERE, s. 1. A bawd. 
2. A lewd woman, in genersL Douglas* 
** F. ab A. S. bismer, contumella, aut 
bismerian, illudere, dehonorare, ppl* 
luere,** Rudd. 
BISMER, s. The name given to a spe- 
cies of stick]e>back, Orkn. Barry* 
ble, monstrous. V. Bvsstk. Douglas. 
B YSPRENT, part*pa4 Beqirinkled, over- 
q>read. Dou^, 
Belg. besprengh^en, to sprinkle. 
BISSARTE, BISSETTE, s. A busttid, 
a kind of hawk. Acts Ja, II, 
Germ, busert, Fr. bttssart, Id. 
To BYSSE, BIZZ, v.n. To makeahis»> 
ing noise^ as hot Iron plunged into wa- 
ter, S. Dou^. 
Belg. bies'enj to hiss like aerpentsb 
BISSE, BIZZ, «. A hissing noise, & 




«. 1 . A monster. Houlate. 

2. A prodigy, something pottentous of 
calamity. £nos. 

3. Bysim la still used as a term high- 
ly expressive of contempt for a wo- 
man of an unworthy character, & V« 

Mr Macpherson, vo. Bysynl, men- 
tions A.S. bysmorfuU, horrendus. Itl* 
bysmarfuU has the same sense ; bysna^ 
to portend; bysn, a prodigy, grande 
quod ac ingens^ G« Andr. 


BISTATD, BISTODE, pret. Periiap^i 
mrffoonded. Sir Tristrenu 

A. S. beitod^ drcumdedit, from bes- 
iandoM, Teat betteen, circumtistcre, 
of contempt ; the precise meaning of 
which leems to be lost. Folwart. 

Sefenl simiUr terms occur, as Fr. 
hiUcrU^ crooked, boitUr, to limp ; b%u^ 
tarm, a great lubber. 
BIT, s. A Tulgar term wed for ibod, S. 
BU and baO, meat and clothing, 8* B. 

Although baid be understood of cloth- 
ing, I suspect that it, as well as bUt ori- 
ginally signified food, from A. S. bead^ 
• table. 
BYT, f. The pain occasioned by a wound. 
A. 8. iyf. morsus, metaph. used. 
BYTESCHEIP, s. A contemptuous 
term, meant as a play on the title of 
Bishop, SempU. 

BITTILL, «. A beetle, a heavy maUet, 
especially one used for beatiog clothes. 
2\» BYWAUE, v.a. To cover, to hide, to 
cloak. Douglas. 

A«S. bewoef'on^ Moei» G. bivxab-jan^ 
To BIZa, o. «. To hiss. V. Brass. 
To BIZZ, BIZZ abouU en. To be in 
constant motion, to bustle^ S. 

Su. G. bet'Oy a term applied to beasts 
whidi, when beset with wasp^ drive hi* 
tiier and thither; Teut. biet-enf byt^en, 
Airente ac violento impetu agitari, Kl- 

BLA, BLAE, a^j. Livid; a term fi«- 
quently used to denote the appearance 
of the akin when discoloured by a se* 
Tere stroke or contusion, S. Douglas. 
Su.G. Uaa, IsL bta^r, G&tm.blaw, 
Belg.Matcwy Fnnajdauu, lividu^glau- 

V. ft. To babble, to speak indistinctly. 
R, Bruce. 


Tent blabber-en, confuse et inepU 
garrire, Jun. vo. Blab. Hence, 

BLABERING, «. BabbUng. Douglas. 

BLACK AVIC£D,ae{^ Dark of the com- 
plexion, d. from black and Fr. vis, the 
visage. Bamsay. 

BLACK.BO YDS, <./ȣ. Hie name given 
to the fruit of the bramble. West of a 

BLACK.BURNING, a<;. Used in re- 
ference to shame, when it is so great as 
to produce deep blushing, or to crimson 
the countenance, S. Bamsay. 

Su. G. IsL blygd, shame, blushing ; 
blygd-a, to blush; q. the burning of 

BLACK-COCK, s. The Heath-cock, 
black Game, & Tetrao tetriz, Linn. 
V. Peaa. ZooL p. 266. Tetrao seu 
Urogallusminon-^Galluspalustris Sco- 
ticus, Gesn. Nostmtibus, the Black 
cock. Sibb. Scot p. 16. V. CAraiu 


BLACK FISH, fish when they have re- 
cently spawned. V. Rxid Fische. 

BLACK-FISHING, «. Fishing for sal- 
mon, under night, by means of torches, 
S. V. Lusna. SHatist. Ace. 

BLACK-FOOT, «. A sort of match- 
maker; one who goea between a lover 
and his mistress, endeavouring to bring 
the fair one to compliance, S. pronoun- 
ced black-pi synon. Mush, q. v. 

BLACK. HEAD, u The Powit-gull, 
Shetl. NtHL 



BLACK SPAUL, a disease of cattle, S. 
Essays Highl. Soc, 

BLAD, BLAUD, j. A large piece of 
any thing, a considerable portion, S. 
ex pi. " a flat piece of any thing,*' Gl. 
Bums. Polvfart, 

<« A blad of bread,'* is a large flat 
piece. " I gat a great blad of Virgil by 
heart ;** I committed to memory a great 
many verMS from Virgil. 

To ding in blads, to drive in pieces. 

Melville's MS^ 
This woid, as perhaps originally ap. 


plied to food, nay be fiiom A, & tlaedf 
fnxit of any kind; Uaed^ hUd, also de- 
Botad pot^erbBS Ir. bladh, a part; 
Uadh^m, Ibraak. 

Sladt and dawd$, u Hill the derigna^ 
tion given to laige leaves of groeni 
boiled whole> in a sort of broths Abcrd. 
BL AD, «. A person who ia of a toil con^ 
■titutioo; whote itrength is not in pro- 
portion to his siae or looks ; often ap- 
plied to a young penoo, who has be- 
come suddenly tall, but is of a relaxed 
habit, &B. 

Allied, perhaps, to A.S. Naec(. as de- 
noting, either the boughs or leaves of 
trees, or growing com ; as both often 
shoot out so rapidly as to gwe the idea 
of weakness ; or, to Crerm. biode, the 
original sense of which is, weak, feeble. 

BLAD, t, A portfolio, &6L 

As the £. word is comji. of Fr. ppr- 
$ert to carry, mdJkuUie, a leaf; (he 8. 
term has a sifnilar origin, bemg evident- 
ly from Su.G. ^od, A. a blaed, folium, 

To BLAD. 1. Used impert ** ItsMad- 
din on o* weei" the rain is driving on ; 
a phrase that denotes intermitting diow- 
crs. aocoropanlcd with squalls, & ^ 

2. To abuse, to maltreat in whatever 
way. Aberd. Com is said to be bUtd^ 
ditt when overthrown by wind. 

3. To slap, to strike ; to drive by strik- 
ing, or with violence, S. Dad, spurn. 

Germ, bhdcm is used in the first 
sense. Es blodert, it storms and snows ; 
also, bUrt'en, to blow. Isl. biaegt-a in- 
deed signifies, to be moved by the wind, 
motari aura; O. Fr.plaud'^r, to bang, 
to mauL 

BLAD, r. A squall; always indoding 
the idea of rain, S. A heavy fall of 
rain is caUed " a biad of weet," S. B. 

Bladot, adj. Inconstant, unsettled; ap- 
plied to the weather. ** A bladdy day," 
is one altemately fair and fouL 

BLAD, r. A dirty spot on the cheek, S. 
perliape q. the effect of a blow. Gael. 
kladf however* is synon. 


BLADAEIE, $. Perinpi^ nan gbfy* 

Taut ftbefer^, jjctiatia, vaailoqacn^ 

V. Blxtuie. 
BLAD^s.T1ieleaf ofatraa, 8. 

A.& blaed, Ueds Sa.G. IsL Bdg. 
Mod, Genn. Afot, Alera.|i£a«, id.; per- 
haps Mm part pa. of A.&M«o-aii, hUm-^ 
on, florere, to bud, to tmigcon ; blaemedp 
q. what isMMped, or shot forth ; just aa 
Franc bkutt, flos, la ftom bfy^em £o* 
f. Butter-milk, &B. 

Bannatyne P^emu 
IrMadhach, GaeL blath-achM' CB. 
blith, milk in general. 
BLAPRY, J. ExpU " trompery." JTrf/y. 
It may be either tiieaamo with^M- 
arie, or Blaidry, q. v. 
BLAE, BLAT, #. The rough parU of 
wood left in conseqnence of boring or 
sawing, S.B. Germ, biek, thin leayea 
or pbtes; lamina, bfacteola; Wacbtcr. 
BLAE8, 9. pl» Apparently, kmina of 
stone, S. Law Ca$e* 

BLAE, a^j. Livid. V. Bla. 
BLAE-BERRY,«. The BiUberry ; Vac 
cinium myrtillus, Linn. Ramaay* 

Sw. Ua'baeTf vacdnium, Semi. Isl, 
blaber, myrtilli ; G. Andr. 
To BLAFLUM, v. a, To beguile^ & V, 
Bleflum. B/anuay. 

BLAIDRY, s.Nonseme. V. BuoHSBtP. 
BL AI DS, $.pl. Watmm'M CM. 

A. 8. Mwdr, Su.G. Uaarioi, and Gena. 
bkaer, denote a pimple^ or swdling with 
many reddish pimples that eat aii4 
spread. A.& UaecA, leprosy. 
9L AIN, «. A mai^ left by a wound, the 
discoburing of the skin after a sore, & 
A.& bUgpUt Belg. Ueyiu, pustnla. 
But our term is more closely allied to 
Isl. Mtfia, which is not only rendered 
fmtttUot but alsoi cattio tx terhere ; G. 
Andr. Germ, btae-en^ to swell. 
BLAIN, t. A blank, a vacancy. 4 blain 


k^uJUld» m place mhm fbm pain iiaa 

notsprangy Loth. 
Probably a netaph. tiM oflfaeprece* 

£ng woid. 
PLAIB, «. That part of flax which is af- 

jborwraida «aad in manvfiutuny proper] j 

ftfter it haa been iteeped, and laid out 

for being ilried ; for it is subsequcntlj 

called Hmt, S. This in £. is denomina^ 


Sw. bher, hards of flax ; but rather 

from IsL Moer, saira, because it is thus 

npoaed to the drou^t 
To BhAin, V. n. To become dry by ex- 

poauie to the drought, Ang. 
BLAIRIN, 9. The ground appropriated 

ibr drying flax, Ang. This term also 

dcooles the ground on which peats aro 

laid out to be dried, ibid. 
BLAIRAND,;wri. pr. Roarinc^ ciying* 

Teut. blaer^en, miigiTe, Ol. Sibb. 
BLAIT, 04;. Naked, baro. iV. ^PebUt. 
^LAIT, BLATE, a^. I. Bashful, 

aheapiafa, ^ Bamta^. 

Sm Blunt, ttoliraliog ; a aecondary sense. 

5. Cuft, rough* UDcifil. SpaUmg, 

4. Eauly deceived. GL Surv» Nairn, 
0.£. Hade, silly, frivolous; or in the 

fame sense in which we now speak of a 
bhmt jcaion or excuse. IsL itlaadrur, 
hUtuA'vrt biaud, soft, llie word seems 
to be primarily applied to things which 
are aollened by moisture. Mollis, limo- 
au% maoeratus. Henoe used to signify 
what la feminine; as opposed to Amo/- 
^, masculine. It also signifies, timid. 
JU^det softness, fear, shame; hugbleitht 
aoftaesaofmind; Qerm. Su.G. Uodt, 
Bdg. blood, mollis, timidu& 

PLAIT.M0UIT,a4f. Bashful, sheepish, 
% ashamed to open one's mouth. 

BLAITIE-BUM, t. Simpleton, stupid 

fUlow. ' Lyndtay, 

U this be the genuine orthography, 

partiapa from TeuL blaii, vaniloquus ; 

blaU, sheepiab, and bomme, 

But it is generaUy written 

Baiie'iumf q. v. 

BLAK of the EIE, the apple of the eye, 

5. i{. Bruce. 


BhASfprei, Caused to 4 

Gawan and (Tof, 
It is undoubtedly the pret. of bUu / 
A.S. blau, blann, cessavit 
BLANCHART, a</. White. 

Gawan and GoL 

Fr. blanc, blaneke, id. The name 

Uanchards is given to a kind of linen 

cloth, the yam of which has been twice 

bleached, -before it was put into the 

loom ; perhaps immediately from Teut. 

blaneke, id. and aerd, Belg. aardt, n». 

ture. V. Ajlt. 

BLANCIS, $, pL Ornamtots worn by 

those who represented Moora, in the 

Pageant exhibited at Edinbuigh, A. 

159a WutmnCs ColL 

If not allied to Fr. Uanc, white, it 

may be a cqgnate of Germ. Su.G* 

Naest, IsU ble», signum album in fronte 

equi ; whence £. blason, S. Bawsand^q. v. 

BLAXD, <. Some honourable piece of 

drees worn by knights and men of rank. 

MaiUand Poena. 

BUmda, according to BuUet, is a robe 

adorned with purple, a robe worn by 

grandees. Su.G. blyanU bliant, a kind 

of precious garment among the ancients^ 

which seems to have been of silk. 

To BLAND, V. 0. To mix, to blend. 

So.G. Isl. biand-a, to mix. 
BLANDED BEAR, barley and com- 
mon liear mixed, & Suuist. Ace. 
From Su. G bland-a is formed fi/an- 
taed, mesUn or miied corn. 
BLAND, «. A drink used in the Shetland 
Islands. Brand. 
Ui.blanda, cinnus^ "mixture, pro po- 
tu, aqua mixto; So.G. bland dicebatur 
mel aqua permixtum. 
To BLANDER, e. a. 1. To bebble^ to 
diffuse any report, such especially aa 
tenda to injure the character of another, 

S. Sometimes used to denote the want 
of regard to truth in narration ; a thing 
very common with tattlers, S. B. 

Feihaps from Isl. biand-a, Dan. 
bland»er, to mingle, as denoting the 
blending of truth with fiilsehood. 


BLAKDITj/ Fkttaed, soothed. 


Fr. blander, to soothe. Let blandin. 

To SLASH, n. a. To soak, to drench. 
" To blask onc*8 stomech," to drink too 
copiously of any weak and diluting li- 
quor; S. v. Plash. 

Perhaps radiedly the same with plash, 
from Germ, platz-en, 

BL ASH, t. A heavy fUl of rain ; S. 

BLA SHY, o4;. Deluging, sweeping away 
by inundation ; B, Mafftta^. 

Btathyt " Ihint poor i Northumb." 

BL ASNIT, a4f. Perhaps, bare, bald, with- 
out hair. Bannatyne Poems, 
Germ, bloss, bare, Uoss^en, to make 
bare ; or rather, Teut. blfSt calfus, whence 
Ueue, frons capillo nuda. 

BLASOWNE,!. l.Dreasorerthearroour, 
on which the armorial bearings were 
blazoned. IFyntown* 

3, The badge of office worn by a king's 
mesienger on his arm, S. Erskme, 

Germ, blaesse denotes a sign in gene- 
ral* Thence Mattfn, a term marking that 
sign, in heraldry, which is peculiar to 
each family. The origin seems to be 
Su.G. Maetse. V. Bawsahu. 
To BLAST, V. n. 1. To pant, to breathe 
bard, S.B. Ross, 

?. To smoke tobacco, S.B. 
5. To bh>w with a wind instrument. 


4. To boast, to speak in an ostentatioua 
manner, S. 

Su.G blaaS'O, inspirare, Germ, bias- 
en, flare. Isl. btast^ur, haUtu% flatus. 
BLAST, s, A brag, a vain boast, S. 

Z. Boyd. 
BLASTER, s, A boaster ; also, one who 

qieaks extravagantly in narration, S. 

BLASTIE, s. " A shriveUed dwarf; a 

term of contempt," S. q. what is blasted. 


To BLAST, V, a. To blow up with gun- 

powder. Statist. Ace. 

BLASTER. One who is employed to 

blow up stones with gunpowder ; S. 

PMT£,iK(f'. BMhfuL V. Qi'Aix, 


S\i BLATHER, e.11. To talk i 

BLATHER, «. V. Butmm. 
BLATTER, s, A rattling noisa; S. 

Lat Meferwwv, Tcttt Maler^Mt stoltd 
BLAUCHT, o4^ Ftele^ livid^ 

Palaee of Bon* 

A. & bloc, blaeci Su. G. blek, IsL 

6lett-r, £. bleak, paOidus. A.& bloc 

«m» Su.G. Uek-na, to wax pale. 

BLAVING, BLAUING, s. Blowing. 

Gawan and GoL 

A.S. Matpofi bymaut bnccina canc« 

BLAW, 1. A blow, a stroke. WaOace. 
Teut Uaew^en, caedere. Blow is us. 
ed in this sense, GL Westmorel. 

7b BLAW, V. Used both as a. and «. L 
To blow ; in a liteial sense referring to 
the wind. 8b Ihuglas. 

A.S. MsKMm, flare. 
S. To breathe, S. Abp, HamUtoun* 
5. To publish, to make known. S.BureL 
E. Mow is used in the same sense. 

4. To brsg^ to boast, S. Blast, sjnon. 

Barbour, I^ougias* 

Germ, blow, falsus, mendaz, dolosos. 

Teut Mof-ffi, flare et nimiis vanisqne 

laudibus rem effene, ac inani flatu fai- 


5. To magnify in namtion, especially 
ftom a principle of estentation, S. 

€, To flatter, to coax. BaUHe, 

8, Prov. •• Ye firrt bum me^ and then 
blow me. 

7. To blaw in one^s lug, to cajole or flat- 
ter a person, so as to be able to guide 
him at will, & Nieol Bume. 
To blow m (Ae Mf, id. O. £. Su. G* 
Moo^-a, to instil evil oounseL Tent, eor- 
bhesen, not only signifies, in aurem mus- 
sare, sive mussitare, obgannire in au- 
rem ; but is rendered, blandin. 

8. To huff* a man at draughts. /Maw, 
or Mow you, I take this man, 8. 

Su.G. blaas^a, to blow, is used in thia 
very sense. Blaasa boH en brktta i damu* 
pel, Seren. 

9. To blow appm locks or boks^ and to 


loose fatten, bj means of « magical 
povcr ascribed to the breath, 8. 

aatan*t JnvUibie World, 
10. 7^6faip<rtUonoiie^fofeproacbhim. 
BLAVr, t. I. A blast, a gusl, S. Rudd. 
Gawan and Go/. 
9. The sound emitted by a wind instru- 

5. A falsehood, a lie told from ostenta- 
tion. He telit greit hlaws, S. B. 

BLAW; «. A pull, a draught; a cant 
term, used among topers, S. Ferguson, 
BLAWN COD, a split cod, half-dried, 
Aug.; so denominated, peihaps, because 
exposed for some time to the wind. 
BLAWORT, f. The Blue bottle; Cen- 
taurea cyanus, Linn., & WUck'MU, al- 
so ThumhUs, &B. KeilL 
From 62a, lirid, q. t. and fMrf , an 
BLAZE, «• Hie name given toaUom ore, S. 
BLE, BLIE, «. Complexion, colour. 

Gawan and GoL 
This word is common in O. £. A« S. 
Ueohj bliot color. 
Zb BLEACH down, or along, v. n. To 
fall flat to the ground. Bieaeh is also 
used to denote a fall of this descriptioo, 

Perhaps from IsL blak^a, TCtbenre ; 
as denoting the effect of a violent blow. 
BLEACH, s. A blow, &B. GL Shiir. 

Foemt SvekttH Dialect. 

TV BLEAD, V. o. Apparently, to train, 

or to lead on to the chace. Statute Ace. 

Alem. Motf-en, beleit-en, comitari, 


BLEAR, $, Something tfiat obscures the 

sight. V. Bluris. Most. 

To BLECK, BLEK, i^ a. 1. lbblacken» 

literally, & Polwart* 

S. To isjure one's c ha ra cter . 

Bannatyne FbemSf 
3. To cause moral pollution. 

Abp, Hiamiltounm 
A.Sb Uoec^^n, denignre. IsL Uek, Vh- 
^pm tinctorius. 
2V BliECK, V, a. Topussli^ to reduce to 


a nonplus, in ha fncaminatifln or fi^a- 

Germ. 6fadt«eii, plack^en, Texare, ex- 

7b BLEEZE, v. n. 1. To become a little 
sour. Milk is said to ftfosse, or to be 
bleezed, when it is turned, bat not con- 
gealed, S. ; hUnk, synon. 

FVom Germ, blaes^en, to blow; or, 
bUtx-en, fulgurare ; heat, especially when 
accompanied by lightning, more gene- 
rally producing this effect. 
2. The part. Neezed signiics thestate of 
one on whom intoxicating liquor begins 
to operate, & It especially denotes the 
change produced in the expression of the 
countenance ; as, Be looked bkegodUike. 

BLED, part. pa. Peiliaps, apruagi 

Gawitrt and GoU 

an illurion, what has no reality in it, S. 
V. BtAFtOM, e. StUkerfbrd. 

Isl. Jlim, irrisio, carmen famosum. 
Hence jtiin«-«> ^Bsmo,Jtimt, nugaein- 
Ihmes, G.Andr.p.74* Su.G. /tmm-a, 

BLEH AND, BLIH AND.o^f. Sir TrisU 
** Blue, from bleak. Sax. caeruleus, 
Blehand brown. A bhiish brown," GL 
Hie word is merely A.S. ^ae-hewen a 
little transfoimed. The idea seems, ** a 
brownish colour, indliihig to purple or 

BLEIB, f. 1. A pustule^ a blister. «< A 
burnt We*^" a blister caused by bunk- 
ing, a 

BUb, a blister, A. Bor. GL Orosew 
S. BUibh pL An eruption to which chlU 
dren are subject, in which the spoU ap- 
pear larger than in the measles ; Loth. 
Border. V. BLOto. 

BLEIRIE, ai(/. A term applied to weak 
liquor, which has little m no ^rength ; 
BMbleineale, Fift. 

BLEI RING, fort. pa. Bleiring Bats. 

This seems to be the botts, a disease 
in horses. Bleiring may express the ef- 
fect of pain in making the patient toery 
out; Teut hlaer^en, boare^ mugiro. 


BLEIRIS, $.pL SometfaingtlitttiraTetits 

diBttnctneas of ▼inoo. Phiiotut. 

This is tbe*ttme with Mrar, f. only 

used in the pi. Ihre mentions £. Uear^ 

eyed, as allied to Su.G. bUr-a, pUr^ 

ocuHs semidausis ▼idere. 


1. Blase, bright flame, S.B. Barbcur, 

S. A torch, S. Douglas. 

A.& blaeset iax, taeda, a torch, iftiy 

^ng that makes a bUie, Su.0. blots, 

id. Somn. 

3. A signal made by fire, S. 
BL£IS> f. The name giyen to a river-fish. 


This seems to be what in E. is called 

Bleakf Cyprinus albumus, Linn. 

BLELLUM, s. An idle talking lelloir* 

Ayrfc Bwms, 

To BLEME, o. n. To bloom, to blossom. 

Btmnaiyne Poems, 

BLEMIS> «. pi. Blossoms, flowers. 

Belg. bloem, Isl. blama, Alem. bluom, 
flos, flosculus. Teut. btoem^en, florere. 
To BLENK, BLINK, v. n. I. To open 
the eyesy as one does from % slumber, S. 
3. To throw a glance on one, especially 
as expressive of regard, S. Boss. 

3. To loo^ with a fiiTOurable eye ; used 
netaph. in allusion to the shining of 
the sun, after it has been ootered with a 
doud. V. Bunk, e. BaUUe^ 

Belg. Uenck-en, blmck-en, Su.G. 
Naeni-a, to shine, to glance, to flash as 
BLENK, BLINK, «. 1. A beam, a ray. 
S. ** A glimpse of light," S. Sir J. Sin- 
clair's Obsenr. p. 113. 

3. Hence transferred to the transient in- 
fluence of the rays of the sun, espedally 
in a cold or doudy day. Thus it is com- 
mon to qieak of ** a warm bHnk," •* a 
dear blink," & Sir J. Sinclair. 

4. A gleam of prosperity, during adver- 
sity. Godscroft. 

5. Also transferred to • glance, a stroke 
of the eye, or tnmaient yiew of any ob- 


ject ; the idea being borrowed, either 
from the quick transmission of the fays 
of light, or from the sliort-liTed influ- 
ence of the sun when the sky is much 
obscured with clouds, S. Douglas. 

6. A kindly glance, a transient glance 
expressiTe of regard, & Bums. 

7. A moment. " I'll not stay a blink," 
1 will return immediately. In a blink» 
in a moment, S. Bamsay. 

Su.G. bUnk, oegof^ink, is a glance, 
a cast of the eye, oculi nictus; Germ. 
blick, Belg. blik, oogenbUk, id. ; the 
twinkling of the eye, a moment. 
BLENT, pret. Glanced, expressing the 
quick motion of the eye. 

Gawan and Got. 
Perhaps allied to Su.G. bUga, bUa, 
intentis ocolis aspicere, q. bligens. 
BLENT, s. A glance. Douglas. 

BLENT, pret. Lost, as applied to sight. 
Xing's Qiuur. 
Perhaps from A.a blent, the part, of 
A.S. blend-^an, caecare, used in a neu- 
ter sense ; or from A.S. blinn-an, ce»- 
sare^ whence blind, defidens. 
BLENTER, •. A flat stroke ; Fife. 

Alem. bUuun, to strike; bliuenH, per- 
cutiens, striking; SchUter. Moes.G. 
bliggwan, id. 
To speak indistinctly, to stammer, S. 
pron. likeybtr. 
S. To prattle, & 

Su.G. bladdr-a. Germ, plauder-^ to 
prattle, to chatter, to jabber ; Teut. No- 
ter-en, stulte loqui ; Lat blater-are, to 
DER, V. a. To talk nonsensically, S. 
BLETHERAND, pret. Fordun. 

Allied perhaps to Teut blater-en, 
hiaeter-en, proflare fastum, gloriari. 
BLETHER. BLATHER, i. Nonsense, 
foolish talk, 6. ; often used in pi. 

BLAIDRT, s. Nonsense^ foolish talk. 

BLEW. To look blew, to seem discoii- 


certed. It conveys both the idea of asto- 
aiahment and of gloominess, S. 

Peblit to ike Flay. 
Blew, S. is often synon. with bUuy li- 
BLICHAMi u (gutt.) A contemptuous 

designation for a person, Pertht. 
BLIGHT, a4j. An epithet eipressive of 
the coruscation of armour, in the time 
of action. Houlate» 

A.& blic-on, coruscare ; biect, corus- 
catus. Alem. Uechet, Germ, blicket, 
To BLIN. BLYN, BLYNE, v, n. To 
cease, to de&ist, S. ; also blind. Wallace. 
A.S. Minn-on, cessare, contr. from 
£t£inn-afi, id. In Isl. and Su.G. it oc- 
curs in its simple form, /thn-o, also, 
Und'Ot id. 
To BLIN, «. a. To cause to cease. 

Clmm. S. Poet. 
BLIND HARIE, Blind man*s buff. S. 
BeUy^iUndt synon. Herd. 

In the ScandinaTian Julbock, from 
.which this sport seems to have origina- 
ted, the principal actor wasdisguited in 
Ihe skin of .a buck or goat. The name 
Blind Harie might therefore arise from 
liis rough attire ; as he was called blinds 
in oontequence of being blindfolded. 
Or it may signify, Blind Matter, or Lord, 
in ironical langu^e. V. Haaii. 
BLIND MAN'S BALL, or Devit$ 
Mnuf-box, Common poff.baU, S. V. 
flor. Suec. Ughtfoot. 

It is also called BUnd manU een, i. e. 
cyeM» Sw B. An idea, according to Linn., 
preTails throughout the whole of Swe* 
den, that the dust of this pUot cansef 
BLYNDIT,prs«. Blended, 

Gawan and GoL 
Having the eyes dosed, hoodwinked. 
It denotes ^ state of one who does any 
thing as if he were blind, S. V. Lin- 
ois. Germ. Dan. bUndlingtt id. Douglas. 
BLINDS^ <.;>/. The Pogge, or MiUer*s 
Thumb, a fish, CoMm Catapkractut, 
Linn. Wen of S. Statiit* Jcc. 


Perhaps it receives this name, because 
its eyes are vety small. 
To BLIN$, v. n. 1. To become a little 
sour ; a term used with respect to milk 
or beer, S. Bleeze, synon. Chr. Kirk. 
2. To be hHnkit, to be half drunk, Fife. 
Su.G. Uaenk-a, Germ. bUnk-.en, co- 
ruscare, to shine, to flash, to lighten^ q. 
struck with lightning, which, we know, 
has the effect of making liquids sour ; 
or as denoting that of sunshine, or of 
the best of the weather. 
BLINNYNG,; Leg. Blumyng. 
Maitland Poemu 
BLYPE,«. A Qoat, a shted; appUed to 
the skin, which is said to come off in 
blypea, when it peelt in coats, or is rub- 
bed off, in shreds ; S. Bums. 
Perhaps radically thesame with Ffype^ 
q. V. or a different pron. of Bleib. 
To BLIRT, V. n. To make a noise in 
weeping, to cry. It is generally joined 
with Greet. To bHrt and greet, 1. e. to 
burst out a-crying, & Kelly, 
Germ, blaerr-en, plarr-en, mugire, 
rugiic Perhaps £.6/ttr# Is alaoradiod- 
ly allied. 
BLIRT, s. The action eipretsed by the 
▼. " A blirt of greeting,*' a violent burst 
of tears, accompanied with crying, S.B« 
To BLITHE, BLYTH£,0.a. Tomake 
glad. Wallace. 
A.S. blitht-ian, laetari; Alem. blid" 
en, gaudere. But perhaps our v. ia im- 
mediately formed from the a4i- 
BLITHEMEAT, t. Tbe meat distribu- 
ted among those who are present^ the 
kMrih of a child, or among the rest of the 
family, 8w pronounced blyithneat, Aug. 
as the adj. itself, blyd, blyid. I need not 
say, that this word has its origin hosa 
the happiness occasioned by a safe deli- 
very. ^ 
BLYVARE. Perhaps for Blyther, more 
cheerful. SoukUe, 
BLYWEST, aty. in the superl. HoulaU> 
" Blythest, most merry,'* GL Per- 
haps it rather refers to colour; q« the 
To BLIZ2£N» Vp<u Droughtif laid to be 


hUMMening, when the wind ptfdiefl and 
withers the fruits of the earth, S. B. 

Sa.G. bias^ Germ. Na9-efh A.S. 
tlaes'^n, to blow. 
BLOB, BLAB, s. Any thing tumid or 
drcuUr, S. 1. A small globe or bubble 
of any liquid. SeUenden. 

S. A blister, or that rising of the akin 
which is the effect of a blister or of a 
stroke^ a GL Complaynt. 

5. A large goowbeiry ; so called from 
its globular form, or from the soAness of 
itsikin, S. 

4. A UoC, a spot; as « a &/a6 of ink," 
8. denominated perhaps from its circu^ 

Radically the same word with JBIeib, 

BLOBBIT, pari. pa. Blotted, blnnred. 
V. B&oi. JcUJa,J. 

7\> BLOCK, «. a. To plan, to d«rise. 

Teut bloek^erh assiduum erne in stu- 
dfis, in opere, in eigastulo ; a sense evi- 
dently borrowed ftom a workman, whp 
lioeks out his work roughly, before he 
begin to give it a proper form. 

sdieme, a contriYance; generally used 
in a bad senie. JDougUa. 

8. A bargain, an agreement. Acts Jo, VI. 

BLOCKER, J. A term formerly used in 

5. to denote a broker ; q. one who plans 
and aecomplisbcs a bargain. Mintheu. 

BLOISENT, pofi^pa. One is said to have 
a bMsetUjUeet when it is red, swollen, 
•r disflgnred, whetficr by intemperance, 
or by being exposed to the weather; Ang, 
This appean to be radically the same 
with £. bhwte,- ** sun^Himt, high-co- 
loored;" Johns, TeaUbhae, rubor, pur- 
puriMum, ndoess, the colour of purple ; 
hlos-en^ rubescere ; blosende tvangkei^ 
mbentcs genae, purpled cheeks. 

Ta BLOME, BLUME, v. n. To shine, 
to gleam. Sarbaur. 

8u. O. blomm-a, to flourish ; £. Mootn, 
used metaph. : or perhaps from A.& be, 
a common prefix, and Uotiuan to shine, 
"BagfgamhhcmgtUom-^uh id. 


BLONK, BLOUK, t. A steed, a horsey 

Gaivon and GoL 

A\em.pkmehaz, equus pailidus, hodie 

blank i Scbilter. Thus blank may have 

originally meant merely a while horse, 

q. Fr. Mane chetaL 

BLONKS, t. pL Alng Hart. 

If this does not denote horses, as a- 
hove, it may mean blocks of wood. 

BLOUT, at(f. Bare, naked. V. Blait. 
Su. G. IsL bUU, Belg. blooi, id. The 
tautological phrase bloti ochbariM used 

BLOUT, «. 1. The sudden breaking of a 
storm, S. Bhutenin, Clydesd. 
S. •' A Uoul of foul weather," a sudden 
fallofrsin, snow or hail, accompanied 
with wind, & 

5. A sadden eruption of a liquid sub- 
stance, accompanied with noise, & 

Probably allied to Su.G. bloet, humi. 
dus; bloeta wtegar, Tiae humidae. 

BLUBBER, BLUBBIR, t. A bubble 
of air, CL V. Blob. Henry $one. 

n BLUDDER, BLUTHER, t>, a. 1, 
To blot paper in writing, to disfigure 
any writiug, S. 

Su. 6. pluUraf iocuriose scribeve ; 
Mocs. G. blothjan, irritum reddere. 
S. To disfigure the face widi weeping, 
or in any other way, 8. liots. Clelandm 

make a noise with the mouth in taking 
any liquid, S. 

TLESk S. Ccntaurea cyanus^ Linn. 


BLUE»GOWN, «. The name commonly 
given to a pensioner, who, annually, on 
the King's bntii-day, teceivcs a ccftaia 
sum of money, and a blue gown or cloak, 
which he wears with a badge on it, & 


BLUFFLEHEADED, adj. Having a 
large head, accompanied with the a^ 
pearance of dulneas of intellect^ S.; per. 
haps from £. khif. 

paidforeffiisionofblood. Bkene.Beg. Msfj. 


A.S. blodwiu, pro effuao aanguioe 
mitlctft; firom blod, tuguis, and wite, 
poena, muleta. 
To BLUITER, o. n. 1. To make a rum* 
bling noise ; to bluity 8. 
S. To bluiier up with water, to dUute too 
mocfa, S. 

8. To blatter, to pour forth lame, harsh, 
and unmusical rhymee. Polwart. 

Germ. plawUmt nugari et mentiri, 
piauderei, mixta nugis mendacia. In 
sense 2. it seems to be merely a dimin. 
ftom Moui, q. ▼. 
BLUITER, BLUTTER, «. 1. A rum- 
bling noise; as that sometimes made by 
tiie intestines, & 

9. Apparently used to denote filth in a 
liquid state. CUland, 

To BLUME, V. n. To blossom, & bloom, £• 

To BLUNK, V. a. To spoil a thing, to 
mismanage any business, S* Henoe, 

BLUNKIT, BLINKIT, i»of*.;ifl. *• In- 
jured by mismanagement, or by some 
mlschierous contriTance," Gl. Sibb.. 

BLUNKET, M. EzpL «< Pale blue; per. 
haps any faint or faded colour ; q. 
MsncAtfd.'* Sibb. Sir Gawanand Sir GaL 

BLUNT, adj. Stripped, bare» naked 

This seems to be radically the same 
ivith Mntif q. t. 

BLUNTJE, «. A snireUer, a stupid fel- 
low, 8. Bums. 

BLUP, f. One who makee a clumsy or 
awkward appearance ; Loth. It is appa- 
rently the same with Fiup, q. ▼. 

To BLUSTER, v. a. To disfigure in writ- 
ing. V. Bluddxb, e. BaiUie* 

BLUTE, «. An action ; used in a bad 
•ense. AJkil bhOe, a Ibolish action, aB. 
perbapa the same with Biout, q. ▼• 

BOAKIE, «. A sprite, a hobgcMin, A- 
berd. ShetL 

Norw. bol^je, Isl. boeke, hokkif vir gran- 
dis et magnifieus. In Sanscrit buka is 
the name of an evil spirit. O. TVut. 
bokene, phantasma, spectrum. 

BOAL, BOLE, i. 1. A square aperture 
in the wall of a house^ for holding small 
•rticlea ; a small press generally without 


a door; S. This is most common in 
«>tt«g««« Ranuay. 

S. A perforation throng the wall of a 

bouse, for occasionally giving air or 

light; usually with a wooden shutter 

instead of a pane of glas^ S. 
BO ARbTREES, «./>/. A term used for 

the plank on which a corpse is stretch* 

ed; S.B. 
To BOAST, BOIST, e. a. To threaten. 

V. Bout. 
To BOBi BAB, II. n. To dance, & Herd. 
BOB, «. Gust, blast V. Boa. 
BOB, «. 1. A bunch; used as'synon. with 

cowt S. PriesU iff PMs. 

S. The same word, pronounced hob, is 

used for a bundle of flowers, a nosegay. 

S. Fr. bujbe, a bunch ; Isl. bobbe, a knot 
BOB, i* A mark, a but, S. ; either q. a 

small bunch set up as a mark, m, from 

tiie sense of the E. t., something to 

strike at 
BOB, <. A taunt, a sooiT, aB. 

Teut babb-en, to prate; Isl. komemi i 

bobba, OS correptum, at bobia, babare (to 

baric,) canum tox est Su.G. babe, ser- 

mo inconditus. 

BOBBY, $. A grandfather, a B. Jlosf. 

BOBBTN,t. The seed-podofkMrch, Loth. 

FV. bubon, a great bunch. Svergreen. 

BOBBINS, «. The water-Uly, aS. Bob^ 

bint are properly the seed-vessels, V. 

BOCE } Burel, Walaon*a ColL iL 2$. ' V. 

To BOCK, t>. a. To vomit V. Box. 
BOCK-BLOOD, s. A spitting, or throw- 

log up of blood. Poiwart. 

BOD, s. A person of small sise, a term 

generdly i^pUedt somewhat contemp. 

tuously, to one who is dwarfish, although 

of full age, a 
To BOJDE, V. a. To proffer, often at im« 

plying the idea of some degree of coi^ 

straint ** He did na merely offer, but 

he boded it on me ;*' a 
BODEN, part. pa. Preferred. 
BODE, BOD, «. An off^ made in order 

to a bargain, a proffer, S, Bamtay, 
Germ, bot, id. from biet<n, to ofiW. 


Isl* budi ft proffer, fiom bioth^a, offerre, 
eihibere» pnebere. 

BODE, «. DeUy. Sir Egeir. 

BODDUM, t. 1. Bottom. Dou^. 

2* Hollow, TftUey. Douglas, 

Alem. bodetHt Genn. Belg. bodertf so- 
lum, fundus. 

BOD£N,/»ar^/Nii Proffered. V. Bode,v. 

BODEN, BODIN, BODYN, part. pa. 

1. Prepared, provided, fumished, ia 
wlifttever way, 8. Acts Jo. /. 

WeU-boden, or iU-hoden^ well, or ill 
provided in whatever respect, S. ^ 

2. It seems to be used, in one instance, 
in an oblique tense, as signifying match- 
ed. V. BouH. Barbour. 

Su. G. bo, IsL fto-ci, to prepare, to pro- 
vide ; voad bodd, well provided against 
the cold* 
BODY, s. Strengtb,bodily ability. Baihour. 
A. & bodig. not only signifies the body 
in general, but stature. 
BODLE, BODDLE, t. A copper cmn, 
of the value of two pennies Scots, or the 
third pari of an Engli^ penny. Rudd. 
These pieces are said to have been de- 
nominated from a mlDt-master of the 
name of BothweU. 
IVORDE, t. A message, S.B. Wallace. 
AiS^boda, ameflsenger,and tiwrd. Su. 
G. Isl. bodword isedictum, mandatum. 
boots, or leathern spatterdashes.2>ttn6ar. 
Teut boten schoeth calceus rusticus e 
crudo corio ; Kilian. 
BOGGARDE, s, A bugbear. BoUocke. 
A.Bor. boggart, a spectre. CB. bwg, 
larva, terriculamentum. 
BOGILL, BOGLE, s. 1. A spectre, a 
hobgoblin, S. A.Bor. Douglas. 

2. A scarecrow, a bugbear, S. synon. 
dooliet cowi being used in both senses. 
C. B. bugul, fear, bwgwly, to frighten. 
BOGILL aboiut the stacks, or simply, 
Bo^, a play of children or young peo- 
ple, in which one hunts several others 
around the stacks of com in a bam-yard, 
S. BUson. 

It seems the same game with that 


called Barley^ifracks, q. t. The name 
has probably originated from the idea of 
the huntsman employed being a scare- 
crow to the rest. 

BOGILL.BO,«. 1. A hobgoblin or spec^ 
tre, S. Bamsajf, 

2. A pettish humour. Pkihtus, 

In Liocolo8^4 this word is used for a 
scare'^ow, from bogill, or C.B« bogel^Up 
to affright, and 6o, a hobgoblin, q. " the 
afiHghting goblin.** 

To BOGG-SCLENT, v. n. Apparently, 
to avoid action, to abscond in the day 
of battle. Colva. 

Pertiaps in allusion to him who sklentM 
or strikes off obliquely from the high- 
way, into a bog, to avoid being taken 

BOOSTALKER, t. An idle, wandering, 
and stupid fellow; one who seems to 
have little to do^ and no understandings 
S. V. Stalkbr. Bamsay. 

Borrowed perhaps from outlaws, who 
were seen at a distance hunting in mar- 
shy places, where pursuit was more diffi- 

BOID, 8. Maitland Poems. 

Isl. bode, a term used to denote s 
wave agitated by the wind ; unda ma- 
ris cum vadosis soppuUs luctans. 

<• 1. A washing-tubk S. B. 
2. A flat broad-bottomed Tessel, into 
which milk is emptied from the pail, a 
bowyne. Loth. 

Unless from IsL boginn, curvus, or 
Dan. bugn'€, to bend, as respecting ita 
form ; I can ofl^ no conjecture as to 
the origin. 

BOYIS, «. In boyis, in fetters. Barbour. 
Teut. boeye, compes, pedica, vincu- 
lum ; boey-en compedire. 

BOIS, adj. Hollow. V. Bos. 

BOISSES. V. Boss. £no9*s Hist. 

To BOIST, BOAST, v.a. To threatui, 
to endeavour to terrify, S. Douglas, 
CB. 6o<(-«o, to vaunt one*a self; bost, 

BOIST, BOST, f. Tlirefttemng, & 



BOITr «. A cask or tub naed fbr the pur- 
pose of curing butcher-meat, or for 
holding it after it is cured ; sometimes 
called a hetf-hoat, S. Muddiman. 

Germ, butie,' ItaL boUe, id., whence 
£. butt. Su.G. byttith situla, cupa; 
TeuL bottet id. dolium, orca, cupa. 
2V» BOK, BOCK, 1. To vomit, & 
Gawan and Got. 
S. To reach, to incline to puke, & • 
9. To belch, (eractare,) & 

A.Bor. boke, bowk, to nauseate, to be 
ready to vomit; booac, to reach, to keck, 
ibid. FMaps from A. S. betdc-an, 
cructare. It however has greater re* 
aembUmce dpuke, to which no etymon 
has been assigned. 
BOK, BOCK, t. The act of reaching, S. 

BOKEIK, t. Bopeep, a game. 


BOKS, $.pl: •' Comer teeth," Gl. Sibb. 

MaUland Poems* 

3V BOLDIN, BOLDTN, v. n. To swell. 


BoiDiv, hoVLDZMft part. pa. swelled. 

Thu is softened into bowdirh bowden, 
SL Often in the pret. and part, it is 
written boinys, swells^ (Doug. V.) and 
bolnyt. I hesitate whether these are 
contr. from boldinnys, boldinnyt, or the 
T. in another form, more nearly resem- 
bling Su.G. frtJn-a, Dan. 6M/-n^. Su. 
G. bul-na, btilg-^ id. bolgiiuif swollen. 
Hence Isl. bUgia, Su.G. belgia, a bil- 
low ; because it is raised by the wind ; 
and bolda, a boil, a tumour. Gael. 
bmlg-am to swell, buUg, a blister. 
BOLGAN LEAVES, Nipplewort, an 
hetby S.B. Lapsana communis, Linn. 

Peihaps from Isl. boig-<h tumere, or 
So.G. bolginih swollen, q. " swelling 
leaves,'* as being supposed by the vul- 
gar in S. to be efficacious in removing 
To BOLYN, v.fu To lay tack aboard. 

MaUland Poems, 
O.Fr. bolin^er, to sail by a wind, or 
dose upon a wind* 
BOLL. LintsetdJkU. V.Bow. 


BOLLMAN, t. A cottager, Orkn. 

Statist, Me, 
Perhaps from Su. G; IsL bol, villa, 
and man, q. the inhabitant of a village. 
It is always pronounced bowman. 
BOLME, J. A boom, a waterman's pole. 
Germ, baum, Belg. boom, a tree. 
BOLNYNG, t. SweUing. V. Boldik. 

BOLSTER, s. That part of a mill in 

which the azletree moves, S. 
BOMBILL, s. Buxsing noise ; meUph. 
used for boasting. Polwart^ 

Teut bommeie, a drone 
BON, $, Apparently, bane, injury. 

AILLIE, s, A drink taken with a 
friend, when one is about to part with 
him; as exprearive of one's wishing 
him a prosperous journey, S. Wallace, 
It is now generally fKm,bonaWie, S. 
BonalaU might seem to be the plur. 
But perhaps it merely retains the fonn 
of Fr. Bon allex. 
BONE, «. A petition, a prayer. J}<niglat, 
O. £. id. Isl. baen, precatio, oratio ; 
boon petition gratis acceptio, mendicft> 
tio, G. Andr. A.S. ben, bene, id. 
BONETT, Si '* A smaU saU, fixed to the 
bottom or sides of the great sails, to ac- 
celerate the ship's way in calm weather.'* 
Gl. CompL Douglas* 

Fr. bonnette, Sw. bonet, id. 
Beautiful, pretty, S. Maitland Poems* 
Boniest, most beautiful. Montgomerie, 
-S. It is occasionally used ironically, in 
the same way vrith E. pretty, 8, 

Priests of PebUs, 
S. Precious, valuable. 

Minstrelsy Border. 
Bonny is used in the same sense by 
Shakspeare, and since his time by some 
other E. writers. But I suspect that 
it is properly S. Johnson derives it 
from Fr, bon, bonne, good. This is 
by no means satisfiKtory ; but wa must 


confess that wc cannot subatitvte a bet- 
ter etymon. 

BONYN£S» s. Beauty, handsomeness. 

BONK» 5. Bank. Douglas. 

Probably corr. from A. S* l^ene. IsL 

bunga, however, signifies tumor terrae. 

BONN AGE, s. An obligation, on the 
part of the tenant, to cut down the pro- 
prietor's corn. Statitt.Acc» 
Evidently a corr. of Bondage. 

BONNAR, f. " A bond," Gl. 

Popular Ball. 

BONNET. V. Whotb Bowhw. 

BONOCH, s. " A binding to tie a cow's 
hind legs when she is a^milking.'* 


BONSPEL, 5. A match, at the diversion 
of curling on the ice, between two op« 
XN»ite parties, S. V. Cueu Graeme. 
Belg. bonnet a village, a district, and 
9pel, play ; because the inhabitanCa of 
different villages or districts contend 
with each other in this sport, one pa- 
rish, for example, challenging another* 
Or, the first sylUOile may be traced to 
Su. G. bonde, an husbandman. 

BONXIE, s. The name given to the 
Skua Gull, SheU. NeiU. 

BOO, BOW, 1. A term sometimes used 
to denote a farm-house or village, , in 
conjunction with the proper name, Ang. 
Su.G. bo, Isl. bu, boot domidlium,. a 
house or dwelling also, a village; 
Moea. G. baua, id. 

In the Orkney Islands, where the Go- 
thic was long preserved in greater pu- 
rity than in our country, the principal 
farm-house on an estate, or in any par- 
ticular district of it, is in a great many 
instancea called the BoU or Bow. 


BOODIES, pi. Ghosts^ hobgoblins. A- 
herd. Journal Lojid, 

It might be deduced from A. S. boda, 
a messenger, from bod^an, to declare, 
to denounce. But it seems to be ra- 
ther originally the same with C.B. 
hugtidhtd, hobgobliDSi Gael* bodach, a 


BOOL, 5. A contemptuous term for a 
man, especially if advanced in years. It 
i» oAen conjoined with an epithet; as 
" an auld 6oo/," an old Miow, S. 

Su.G. boh the trunk of the body, as 
distinguished from the head and feet 

BOOLS ef o pot, a.jil. Two crooked in- 
struments of iron, linked together, used 
for lifUng a pot by the ears, S. ; also 
ddled clip». 

Teut. boghel* numella; Germ, bu^ 
get, any thing that is circular or curved- 

BOOL-HORNED, aty. Perverse, ob- 
stinate, inflexible, S. apparently from 
the same origin with Boou. 

Boolie-homed, Botder, and W. of S- 
A. Bor. 6ucitfe-Aorn«,shortcrooked horns 
turned horizontally inwards- 

BOONMOST, aty. Uppermost, & pron. 
bunemist. Bou^ 

A.S. bufan, bufon, above, and most. 

BOOST, V. imp. Behoved, was under 
a necesuty of, S. ; He boot to do such a 
thing ; he could not avoid it It bit to 
be ; it was necessary that this should 
take place. JZom. Bums. 

Bus and bud occnr in the same sense 
in Ywaineand Gawin. Most probably 
it is a coi». of behoved, Belg. beko0. 

BOOST, s. A box. V. Boisr. 

BOR, BOIR, BORE, s. 1. A small 
hole or crevice ; a place used for shel- 
ter, especially by smaller animals, & 

Sir Tristrem. 
2- An opening in the clouds, when the 
sky is thick and gloomy, or during rain, 
is called a blue bore, S. It is sometimes 
used metapb. BaiUie^ 

Su.G. Germ. 6or, terebva ; Isl. ftoro, 
foramen; A. & 6or^ian, to pierce. 

ROW, s. A surety. The term pro- 
perly denotes a person who becomes bail 
for another, for whatever purpose. 


2» A pledge ; any thing laid in pawn. 


The term occurs in both senses in 

O.E. A.S. borg, b9rkt fidc^jussor; 


•Ito^ foffuis 3 Germ, burge, a pledge 
Su. a borgen, tuietysbip. Ihie derives 
SilO. and laL borg-a, to become sura- 
ty, from btrg^>a, a periculo tueri, to pro- 
tect from danger. The idea is certain- 
Ij most natural : For what is surety- 
ehip, but warranting the tt^eiy of any 
person or thing ? 

1^ BORCH, V. o. To give a pledge or 
security for, to bail. Wallace. 

T9 BORROW, BORW, v.a. 1. To give 
security for ; applied to property. 

9, To beoomo surety for; applied to a 
penoti. Banm Cruris. 

Su.G. 6org-a, id. 

To BORROW one, to urge one to drink, 

When one pledges another in oom- 
pany, he engages to drink after him ; 
and in ancient times it was generally 
understood, that he who pledged ano- 
ther, was engaged to drink an equal 

BORROWGANGE, s. A sUte of sure- 
tyship. Reg. Mq}. 
Su. G. edgaang, laggaangt are render- 
ed by Ihre, actus jurandi, from gaa, ire; 
borrowgange may thus be merely the act 
€i going or entering as a surety. 

BORD, 1. 1. A brdad hem or welt, & 
9, The edge or border of a woman's 

Fr. bordf Belg. boordf a welt, a hem, 
or selrage; IsL bard, bord^ the extre- 
mity or margin. 

BORDEL, 8. A brothel, Dunbar. 

Fr. bordel, id., Su.G. A.& bcrd, a 
house. The dimin. of this, Ihre says, 
was L. B. bordeli-tim, bordii-e, tugurio- 
him, cujus generis quum olim mere- 
tricnm stabula assent 

BORDELLAR,' «. A haunter of bro- 
thels. Saiendau 

BORE, u A crericc. V. Boa. 

BOR£*S. (or BOAR'S) £ARS» $.pl. 
The name given to the Auricula, S. B. 
Primula auriaila, Linn. 

A bear is called a boatt S., especially 


BORE- TREE, $. Sambucus lugia. V. 


BOREAU, 1. An executioner. V. Bu- 

BORGH, s. A surety. V. BoacB. 

BORN. WtOace. 

Bom may have some affinity to Isl. 
borgnn, Su.G. borgen^ suretyship; <^ 
one under contract or obligation. 

BORROWING DAYS, the three last 
days of March, Old Stile, S. 

Complaynl S* 
These days being generally stormy, 
our forebthers have endeavoured to ac- 
count for this circumstance, by pre- 
tending that March borrowed them from 
April, that he might extend his power 
so much longer. Those who are much 
addicted to superstition vrill neither bor- 
row nor lend on any of these days; 
lest the articles borrowed should be em- 
ployed for the purposes of witchcraft, 
against the lenders. Some of the vul- 
gar imagine, that these days received 
their designation from the conduct of 
the Israelites in borrowing the property 
of the Egyptians. 

BOS, BOSS, BOIS, aty. 1. Hollow, S. 
*• A boss sound," that which is emitted 
by a body that is hollow, S. 

2. Empty. A shell, vrithout a kernel, ia 
said to be boss. The word is also used 
to denote the state of the stomach when 
it is empty, or after long abstinence, S. 


3. In the same sense, it is motoph. ap- 
plied to a weak or ignorant person. 
One is said to be <* na^ boss man,'* who 
has a considerable share of understand- 
ing, S.B. Bamsay. 

4. Poor, destitute of worldly substance, 

5. B. Teut. bosse, umbo. iZosr. 
BOSS, BOCE, 5. Any thing hoUow. 

The boss of the side, the hollow betweea 
the ribs and the haunch, & 
BOSS, BOISS, 5. 1. A small cask. 

2, It seems to denote a bottle, perhaps 


one of ourtfaen ware ; tadi as U now 
Tulgarly called a gray^beard. Dunbar. 
3. In pi. bot$ett boiues, a term of con- 
tempt, conjoined with aiiitf, and applied 
to persons of a despicable or worthless 
character. JKhor. 

From Fr. boire, to drink, whence 
bmuam, drink, or buutt a cask for hold- 
ing wines. 
BOT, eonj. But, often oonfounded with 
butt prep* signifying, without Doughs. 
A.S4 buian, buton, are used precisely 
as S. but without. 
BOTAND, BUT.AND, prep. Besides. 

BOTAND, adv. 1. But if, except 

9. Moreofer, besides. MaiUand Poenu. 
In the latter senses it is from A. S. 
butan, praeter. 
BOTC ARD, «. A sort of artillery used 
in S. in the reign of Ja. V. PitMcottie. 
The same instruments seem to be 
aflerwaids called batiarst ib. Fr. 6a«- 
tarde, '* a demie canon, or demie cul- 
▼erin ; a smaller pieoe of any kind,'* 
BOTE, BUTE,!. 1. Help, adTantage; 
^.boot, Doug. 

S. Compensation, satisfaction; Acts 
Pari. pass. 

A.S. bote, id. from bet^an, emendare^ 
Kix-BOT^ compensation or *' assitbment 
for the slaughter of a kinsman;*' Skene^ 
Verb. Sign. 

A.S. cyn, oognatio, and bote. 
Mam-bo^ the compensation fixed by the 
law, for killing a man, according to the 
tank of the person. Ibid. 
A.S. mon-ftof, id. 
TuKiFT-aoTi, compensation made to the 
king for theft. Reg. Maj. 

made of boards ; either fixed, or port- 
able, S. V. LucKxy. Douglas. 
Hence the Luckenbootht of Edin- 
burgh, wooden shops, made for being 
ticked up. Tcvt. boede, bode, domun- 


cula, coa, Kilian; Su.G. bod, taberna 
mercatorum. apotheca; lsLbud,i6. 

BOTHIE, BOOTHIE, g. A cottage, 
often used to denote a place wbere la- 
bouring servants are lodged, S. Xeill. 
Su.G.6(x/, a houses a cottage; Gael. 
botkag, bothan, a cot 

To BOTHER, BATHER, v. a. To tease 
one by dwelling on the same solgectkOr 
by continued aolidtatioii, S. 

BOTHNE, BOTHENE,t. 1. A park in 
which cattle are fod and indosed. Skene, 
8. A barony, lordship, or sheriiflrdom. 

Auit. Reg: Davm 
L. B.6oM«na,baronia, aut tenitorinm. 

BOTINYS^ s. pi. Bftskins; GL Sibb. Fr. 
botine, cothurnus. V. BomNo. 

BOTTLE-NOSE, s. A qiecies of whale^ 
& Orkn. atatut.jiee. 

BOTTOM-ROOM, s. The name vulgar- 
ly given to the space octopied by one 
sitter in a church, S. 

BOTWAND, s. Perhaps, a rod of autho- 
rity. Kennedy* 
Germ, bot, power, and wand, a rod. 

BOUGHT, BOUGHT, t. A curratura 
or bending of any kind, S. *' The 
bought of the arm," the bending of the 
arm at the elbow. Journ. Land, 

Where the sea forms a sort of bay, it is 
said to have a bought, S. 

A.S. bogeht, arcuatus, crooked ; bug" 
an, to bend. Germ, bug, sinus ; buektt 
curvatura littoris, Wachter. 

To BOUGHT, BOUGHT, v. a. To fold 
down, S. 

IsL bukt-a, Teut buck-en, flectcre, 

BUGHT, s. 1. A small pen, usually 
put up in the comer of the fold, into 
which it was customary to drive the 
ewes, when they were lo be milked ; al- 
so called ewe-bucht, S. Douglas.. 
S. A house in which sheep are inclosed* 
Lanerks. ; an improper sense. 

Statist. Ace 
Tent bocia, bucht, septum, ■epu^ in- 
tetacptum, sepimentum clausum« 


Ta BOUCHTp BOUGHT, v. a. To in- 
close in a fold, & ; fonned from the #. 

BOUCHT-KNOT, i. A running knot; 
one that can easily be loosed, in conse- 
quence of the cord being dmMedt S» 
BOUGARS, 8. pi. Cross spars, forming 
part of the roof of a cottage, used in- 
stead of laths, on which wattling or 
twigs are placed, and above these tfteof«, 
and then the straw or thatch, S. 

Chr, Kirk, 

Lincolns. hulkar, a beam ; Dan. 

kiaelke, pi. Melckevt beams. Su. G. bialke, 

• small rafter, tigillum. In Westro-Goth. 
is written boltur, 

BOUK, BUIK, s. 1. The trunk of the 
body, as distinguished from the head or 
extremity, S. 

Jt bouk oftaueh, all the tallow taken out 
of an oz or cow, S. Germ, bauch turn 
iaige, id. 

A boui4ou9e, one that has been bred a- 
bout the body. 

TeuL beucit truncus corporis. 
2. The whole body of man, or carcase 
of a beast, a Dotiglas, 

9. The body, as contradistinguiiJied 
litmi the soul. R, Bruce, 

4. Sise, stature^ & btOks Boukth, bulk, 
Gl. Lancash. J.Nicol. 

5. The greatest share, the principal part, 
& Cldand. 

To BOUK, V, n. To bulk, S. Hence, 
OUKIT,BOWKIT,/Hirl.;w. 1. Large, 
bulky; S. Dougias. 

8. Boukit and mudde-iouJni are used in 

• peculiar sectse; as denoting the ap- 
pearance which a pregnant woman makes, 
after her ehape begins to alter. 

BOUKSUM,BOUKY,al(^ Of the same 
sense with Boukit, S. 

Poems Buchan Dialect, 
BOUKE, s, A solitude. 

Sir Gawan and Sir GaL 
A.S. buce, secessus, ** a solitary and 
secret place,*' Somner. 
BOULOEN, part, pa. Swelled, inflated. 


BOUJLE, <« Ronna,** Rudd. Doughs. 


Teut bolt tumidus, turgidus; or 
boghel, beughel, curvatura semicircula- 
ris, from bogh-en, arcuare. 

BOULENA, A sea cheer, signifying. 
Hale up the bowlings. OomplajffU S» 

BOULENE, t. The same with £. Bovh 
line, A rope fastened to the middle 
part of the outside of a sail 

Sw. bog-Uina, id. fW>m bog, flezus. 

BOUN, BOUNE, BOWN, af{/. Ready, 
prepared, & Barbour. 

Bone is used in the same sense, O. E. 

Su.G. 6o, bo'O, to prepare, to make 
ready ; IsL bw-a, id. J^oeii or bom is the 
part pa. 

To BOUN, BOWN, v. a. 1. To make 
ready, to prepare. WaUaee* 

2. To go^ to direct one's course to a cer- 
tain place. Sir Egeir* 

BOUND, BUND,« Pregnant. 

To BOUNT, V, n. To spring, to bound. 
Fr. bond4r, id. BttreL 

BOUNTE', t. Worth, goodness. Batbovr, 
Fr. bontS, id. 

Something given as a reward for serrice 
or good oflices. Wmi$on'a Colh 

S. It now generally signifies what is gi- 
ven to servants, in addition to their 
wages, S; bounties, S.B. Bamsay* 

Gael. bunnJtais seems merely a corr. 
of this word. 

BOUR, BOURE, s, A chamber; some- 
times a retired apartment, such as ladiea 
were wont to possess in ancient times. 
A. Si bur, bure, conclave, an inner 
chamber, a parlour, a bower, Teut. buer, 
id. Dan. buur, conclave, Su.G. IsL bur, 
habitaculum. Isl. jungjrubur, gynae- 
ceum, ubi olim filiae familias habita- 
bant ; literally, the young lady's bower. 
Hence 6our-6(mfiding, jesting in a lady's 
chamber. Pink. 

BOURACH, BOWROCK, s. 1. An in- 
closure ; applied to the little houses that 
children build for play, espedaUy those 
made in the sand, S. Xelly, 


f* Well never big landy b^Drockt toge- 
ther." S.Prov,A'eUy. 
2. A crowd, a ring, a circle, S.B. 

Poems Buckan DiaUct, 
5. A confuted beep of any kind, S.B. 
Such • quantity of body-dotbes ai is 
burdensome to the wearer, is called a 
lourach ^ckdsei Aug, SiaiUt, Ace, 

4. A cluster, as of trees, S. Ferguson. 
A.S. beorhf hurg, an indosure* a 

heap; Su.G. borg, 

BuaaACH*D, Bouhach'd, part. pa. Inclo- 
sed, enTironed, S.B. Soss. 

put round a oow*s binder legs at milk- 
ing, S. Gael, buarach. 

BOURBEB, f. The spotted Whistle fish, 

5. SUfU'd. 
To BOURD, V. fu To jest, to mock, S, 


Fr. ioiird-^, id. But this seems to 

be merely an abbrev. of behourd-4r, bo- 

korti-er, to just together with lances. 

Bokord, behord, is originally a Gothic 

word, as being used by old Northern 


BOURD, BOURE, j. A jest, a scoff, S. 

XeHy. Houlate. 

BOURIil, s. A hole made in the earth 

by rabbits, -or other animals that hide 

themselves there ; £. a burrow. 

Vrom the same origin with BouaACH. 
TREE, i. Common elder, a tree; Sam- 
bucus nigra, linn. ; A.Bor. Burtree. 
It seems to have receiTed its name 
from its being hollow within, and thence 
easily bored by thrusting out the pulp. 
I50USHTY, s. Expl. " bed." Aberd. 

The same with Aiisfy, q. r. 
military engine, anciently used for bat- 
tering walls. Wyntoum. 
Su. G. byssa, bossa, signifies a mortar, 
an engine for throwing bombs ; Bom- 
barda, Ihre ; formerly byssor ; IVom bys- 
sa, theca, a box, or case: because in 


N these tubes, as in cases, buSeu are lod* 

BOUSUM, BOWSOM, a((;. 1. PUant, 

tractable. PaUce Honour. 

A.S. bocsuMf buhsum, obediens, trac- 

tabilis, from bug-an, Belg. buyg-en, flec- 


2. « Blythe, merry," Rudd. 

To BOUT, BOWT, e. n. To ^ring, to 

leapk & **bouied up,** Rudd. vo. tip- 

bolHt. Lyndsay. 

Teut bottenf op^oii-en, to rebound, 


BOUT, «. A sudden jeik in entering or 
leaving an apartment ; a hasty entrance 
or departure; the act of coming upon 
one by surprise ; S. 

BOUTGATE, i. I. A circuitous road, a 
way which is not direct, £L from about, 
and gait way. Boss. 

S. A circumvention, a deceitful course, 
& S. Bruce, 

3, An ambiguity, or an equivocation, in 
discourse. Bp* Forbes, 

BOW, s. Aboil; adry measure* S. 

BOW, BOLL, LINTBOW, «. Tbeglo- 
bnle which contains the seed of flax. 
Bow is the pron. & Poiwart, 

Germ. boU, id. oculus et gemma plan- 
tae, caliculus ex quo flos erumpit; Wadi* 
BOW, BO WE, s. 1. The herd in gene^ 
lal ; whether inclosed in a fold or not. 
S. A fold for cows, S. Bannatyne Poenu. 
8u.G. 6o, but either the herd or the 
flock ; armenta, pecora, grex ; Dan. boe, 
a shed, booth or stall. 
BOW, f. 1. An arch, a gateway, S. JTitar* 
S. The arch of a bridge, S. 

Muses Threnodk. 

Teut boghe, id. arcus, concameratlo; 

from bogh-en, flectere ; A. & bog-a, ** an 

arch of a bridge or other building;** 


BOW, s. As applied to a house. V. Boo. 

BOWANO, a4f. Crooked. Douglas. 

A. S. bugendj id. 
BOW AT, «, A hand-Untfaeni. V. Bower. 


BOWBARD, s. A dastard, a penon dei- 

titute of ipirit. Douglas. 

Teut 6oei«i7r, nequitia. Or, shall we 

rather ^iew it as originally the same 

with Bumbart, q. t. ? 

BOWBERT, adj, Lasy, inactife. 

BO WDEN, pttH. ptu Swollen. V. Bol- 


BOWELHIVE, a. An inflammaaon of 
the bowels, to which children are sub- 
ject, & V. HivB, V. PennecuUe. 

BOWES AND BILLES, A phrase used 
by the English, in fbrmer times, for gi- 
ving an alarm in their camp or military 
quarters. Xhox. 

BO WET, BOWAT,r. A hand-lanthem, 
S. Sowit, A. Bor. Abp. HamiUoun, 
Perhaps from Fr. 6<mgette, a little cof- 
fer ; if not allied to bougie, asmall wax- 

BOWGER, 5. The puffin, or coulter-neb, 
a bird ; alca arctica, Linn. Martin. 

BOWGLE, «. A wild ox, a buOlUo. 

Lat bucul-u$t a young oz. Hence 

BOWIE, «. 1. A small barrel or cask, o- 
pen at one end ; S> ^ Ferguson. 

£• It denotes a small tub ibr washings S. 
5. It also sometimes sigm'fles a milk 
pail, 8> Ramsay. 

FV. buie, a water-pot or pitcher; 
Cotgr. Hence, 

BOWIEFU', s. Tlie fill of a small tub, S. 
X Meol. 

BOW-KAIL, s. Cabbage, S. so called 
ftom the circular form of this plant. For 
the same reason its Belg. name is 6nys- 
hool. JSums. 

Bow-sTocK, s. The same. '* A bastard 
may be as good as a bovfstock, by a 
time;** S. Prov. JSTeUy. 

BOWLAND, ptsrt. adj. Hooked, crook- 
ed. Douglas. 
Teut bogktUen, arcuare. Bowland is 
just the part. pr. bogkelendf contr. 

BOWLIE, BOOLIE, a<;. Crooked, de- 
formed ; JSoolie-backit, humpbacked ; 
fomccimci api^ed to one whose ibool- 


den are yery round, SL V. Bxuoui- 


Germ, bucklig, Dan. bugelt, id. ftom 
bugle, a bunch or hump ; and thb from 
bug-en, to bend ; Dan. boeyel, crook- 
edness, boeyelig, fiexible. ' 
To BOWN, V. a. To make ready. V. 

BotTN, V. 

BOWRUGIE, s. Buigeas j the thfard e- 
sute in a Parliament or Contention; in 
resemblance of Fr. bourgeois. Wallace. 
BOWSIE, a^. Crooked, & 

Fr. bossu, id. 
BOWSUNES, s. Obedience. Wyniown. 

A.S. bocsumnesse, obedientia. 
BOWT, «. 1. A bolt, a shaft ; in gene- 
ral. Chron, 8. Poet. 

2. A thunderbolt, & Boss. 
To BOX, V. a. To wainscot, to cover with 

boards, S. 

BOXING, s, Wainscotting ; Sir J. Sin- 
clair, p. 1 70., S. 

BRA, BRAE, BRAY, f. 1. The side of 
a hilt, an acclitity, S. Barbour. 

S. The bank of a river, S. Breea, A. 
Bor. id. 

3. A hill, S. Ross. 

4. Conjoined with a name, it denotes 
the upper part of a country ; as " Bra* 
mart Bra-Cat, the Braes qf Angus ;** S. 

Sir J, Sinclair. 
To gae down the brae, metaph. to be in 
a declining state, in whatever sense ; to 
have the losing side, S. 

C. B. bre, a mountain, pi. breon, bryn ; 
Gael, bre, bri, brtgh, a hill. IsL braa, ci- 
lium, the brow ; whence augnabraa, the 
eye-brow; and bratt signifies steep, ha- 
ving an ascent 

To BRA, t>. n. 1. To bray. 
2. To make a loud and disagreeable 
noise. Douglas. 

BRAAL, s. A fragment ** There's nae 
a braai to the fore,'* There is not a frag- 
ment remaining, Ang. 

BRABBLACH, s. The refuse of any 
thing ; as of com, meat, &c. Fife. 
Gael. jira6a/, id. 

BRACE, s. A chimney-piece, a mantle- 
piece, S. 


BR'ANG, pret. Brought, S. J, Nieet, 

To BR ANGLE, v.n, 1. Tb shake, to lU 

brate. Douglas. 

2. To menace, to make a threatening 
appearance. Vouglat, 

3. To shake, applied to the mind; to 
confound, to throw into disorder ; used 
actively. Godter^. 

Fr. brani'Cr, to shake ; Su. G. brang- 

01, cum labore pemimpere velle. 
BRANGILL, «. A kind of dance. 


Fr. branU, «* a brawle, or daunce, 

wherein many men and women more all 

together ;" Cotgr. 

BRANI T, part. pa. Brawned ; a term 

formed from E. brawiif the fleshy or 

musculous part of the body. Dunbar. 

To BRANK, v.a. 1. To bridle, to re* 

strain. Godltf Sangt. 

2. V. n. To raise and. toss the head, as 
spurning tlie bridle ; applied to horses. 

5. To bridle up one's self 

Maiiland Poeins, 
4. To prance, to caper. Bamsay. 

Teut brank-en and proneken, both 
signify, ostentarese, dare se spectandum ; 
Germ, prang-eih id.; Su.G. prtink^a, 
superbire. Wachtcr gives prang-^n, as 
also signifying, premere, coarctare. 

BRANKEN,;)aft.;w. Gay, lively, a A. 
X Nieol. 

BRANKS, 1. A sort of bridle, often 
used by country people in riding. In- 
stead of leather, it has on each side a 
piece of wood joined to a halter, to 
which a bit is sometimes added; but 
more frequently a kind of wooden noose 
resembling a muulc, S. 

Montrose* t Mem. 
Within these few years, an iron bit 
was preserved in tlie steeple of Forfar, 
formerly used, in that very place, for tor- 
turing the unhappy creatures who were 
accused of witchcraft. It was called 
The Witch's Sranks. Gael brancas, a 
halter. But our word seems originally 
the same with Teut pranghe, muyl' 
pranghCf postomis, pastomisy confibula ; 


instramentum quod naribuf tqaoman 
imponitur; Kilian. 
3. Branki, I suspect, u aonetimei Uied 
in S. as synon. with jugj or piUory. 

BRANKS, «.pl. A iwclling in the chopi^ 
S. A. from the compression of the parts^ 
as the chops of a horse are compressed 
by the brankt which he wean; the bi^f- 
fets, S.B. 
BRANNOCK, s. The Samlet, or small 
£sh generally known in S. by the namfl 
of Par. BraTtlint Yorks* 
BRASAND,/} Embracing. 

Fr. bras, the arm. Douglas, 

To BRASE, BRASS, v. a. To bind, to 
tie. Wattace* 

Fr. embrasS'ert to bind. 
bnces, armour for the arms. Wallace. 
Fr. brassar, brassardf brassartf id. ; 
brachiale ferreum; fttun bras, the arm, 
LaL braeh'ium. 
To BRASH, v.a. ToasMult, to attack. 
V. BaascHK. Sir W. More. 

Teut broes^ent tempcstuosum et fa^ 
rentem ventum spirare; or from A.S. 
beraes^n^ impetuose proruere, irruere. 
BRASH, BRASHE, *. An effort, an at- 
tack, an assault ; as £. brush is used. 
Muses Thren* 
BRASHY, BRAUSHIE, adj. Stormy, 
S. J.NicoL 

BRASH, s. A transient attack of sick. 
ness ; a bodily indisposition of what* 
ever l^ind, S. Q,Mthert synon. S. B. 
The disorder to which children are 
often subject after being weaned> is cilU 
ed the speaning^trask. We also ipeak 
of " a brash of the teeth." This, per- 
haps, is merely a different sense of the 
s. as explained above. Isl. 5rntib, how- 
ever, signifies infirm, breiskleiket vraik* 
ness, G. Andr. 
BRA8HY, ar{;. Delicate in constitntion, 

subject to frequent ailments, & 
To BR AST, V. n. To burst D&uglas. 
Brast is used in the same tense 1^ 
R, Giouo. 


BRAT, 9. 1. Oothing in gmtnL 7%€ 
Utamdtht krmt, & Food and nkMnt. 
Setiek Pmb. Slof. 
& A cotna kind of apron Ibr kaepiag 
Iha dodMi dean, & " BnU, a eoana 
apioBta ia|^ Lincdna.*' OL Grate. 

3. Coane clothing, & ; dttddh qfoon. 
A.a brau dgnUiea both pallittm and 
pannicnltts; « a doak. aiag^** Sonner. 
CB. brathayf ragi. 

4.Scaa,S. It doea nolBaceMBiily »i«- 
niiy reftiae; but is abo applied to the 
cnam which mm from milk, eqwdal^r 
of what is called a four cogut, or die 
JUatingt of boiled whey. Statist. Ace. 
BEATCHART,J. Aoootamptiunutenn 
e^valent to £• wh^ V. BaACBaLL. 

From FV. brotcUtf a kind of tmall 
hound; or immedialelj fonned from 
To BRATH, 0. o. To plait atrnw-ropes 
round a atack, croanng then at inter- 
Tale, S.B. 

A.a 6rafltf-«», to weave together; 
lit 6regrf-a, ncctere file in fnnem. 
BBATHura,i.|iL The enMaropea of thereof 
<ifathatehedbouae»ar«aek; aleocall- 
edetkermtp Ang. 
Ill kragit nexua. 
BRATHLYtO^ Noiqr* V.BnainiUB. 
2b BBATTYL» BBATTLS; n. n. 1. 
To make a daehiai; or clattering noiaa^ 
& Ihuglas, 

S. To adfanee npidly* iMking a noiea 
with the lbe^& Samtt^, 

Id. bmi-^ ^ryt-Of csagitan^ hue iU 
Inoqne movere, nt Inctantaa; Tent, ter* 
le{-€ii» tomultuari. 
BaAitvn, BnASxtJt, i. 1. A dallering 
WM% as thai made bjr tholbet of hones, 
whan pcandng^ or moving msHHj, & 


i. Hnny, npid modbn of any kind, S. 


9» A durt raoi^ & Bwrm. 

4. F^, violent attadc, & Btmu. 
BRAVERY, s. A bravado^ a gasconade. 



Fir. hranmtt id. ifom hravmr, te brave, 
to play the gallant. 
BRAUITIRi «. 1. A diow, a pageant. 

& Fintfy indrtMk S. V. BaAW. 

¥t. brmietd, pour avoir de beanx ha- 
bits; GlRoqnelbft. 
BRAUL, BRAWL, a. The same as 
Brungfe. Complaynt & 

Vr. iirmute, brank» 
BRAUSHIE, «if. Stocmy. V. BaAsn, v. 
BRAW, BRA*, a4f. 1. Fbie, gaily dress- 
ed, S. Ifortfon. 
Taut braume, omatusy bdlos; Vr. 
krave, id. IsL braer, nitet, q»lendeL 
2. Handsome^ & JBums, 
9. Fleesant, agreed>Ie, a A, NicoL 
4. Worthy, exodleni^ a A hraw man, 
a worthy man, a 

&1.0. brqfi bomu, praestans. JEn 

kr^wum^ the very phrase still used by 

thevttlgarina Germ-ftrov^id. Braw 

is often uicd advasbidly, as conjoined 

with tfie copulative: Braw and abtcp 

abundantly able tor any work or under^ 

tduag ; Brmw andweel, in good hedth. 


BaAWLT, ode* Very well, a eooMtimea 

ArvNolmj^ Aug.; ^rstoKcf^ftrovilKai, Aberd. 


Sw. San aier ftn^He isirdl, Wid^* 

Baaws, p2. Flnedothes, one's beat apparel, 

a Jtow. 

Evidently from die a<^ eense 1. 

BR AW£N, part^4Hu Perhaps, boiled. 

A«a dfwen, €octaB» Botwavim 

To BRAWL) a. n. To nm Inloconftisioi^ frratobiiid. Bairvont, 

FV. ftroftittUrr, to embroQ, toconftmnd. 
Su«G. bryO^, perturbere. 
BRAWLIT, part. pa. Psthape nunbM, 
mixed ; from the eame e. ; F^. ft r ewOT . 
er , to jumble. X. Scotland t Lament. 
BRAWLINa s«;rf* The trailiDg Straw- 
berry tree> or Beai^berry, a B. Arbu- 
tus uva uni, Linn. Iba name is some- 
times applied to the fruit of the Vacd- 
nium vitb Idaca, or red bill-berry. 

Gael. hraoHag denotes A whorde- 
A disease in sheep, S. Statist. Me* 
This is also called bftriJk and brdckt, 
Ang. A. S. breac, rheuma ; broe aick- 
ness* disease; Su.G. 6rak, id. 
2. A sheep which has died of disease ; 
also, mutton of this description, S. 

BRAZE, f. A raacfa. V. Biuusb. 
BRAZARS, f. pL Armour for the aims. 

V. BaAsxmis. 
3b BRE. V. BiGGiT. Jt. Hart, 

BRE, BREE, <. The eye-brow, S.B. 


. '* He moved neither ee nor bree / i. e. eye 

nor eyebrow.'* V. Bka. Rou, 

A. & hregt palpebra ; Isl. hraa, 

BREADBERRY, 5. Hut food of chU- 

dren, which in E. is called p(qf, S. 

Perhaps from bread and A. Bor, ber- 
ry, to beat ; q. ** bruised bread." 
BREAK, s. A diTiaion of land in a iarm> 
& Statist. Ace, 

To BREAK, V. o. To disappoint, &B. 
<* Vse no break you, I shall not disap- 
point you," Shirr. GI. 

Isl. bregd»a, irustrart aliquem. 
BREAK (o/a hiU) <. A hollow in a hill, 

& Isl. breck-a, crepido, decli vitas. 
BREARDS, f./rf. The short flax recover- 
ed from the first tow, by a second hack^ 
ling. The tow, thrown off by this se- 
cond hackling, is called backings, 

Edin. Caurani, 
To BREAST, v.n. To Ipring .up or for- 
ward ; a term applied to a horse, S. 

From the action of the breast in thia 
BaKAST^woDnis, t. That part of the har- 
ness of a carriage-horse, which goes 
round the breast, &B. V. Rto-Win- 
niB. Journal Land, 


collar of a working-horse. S. V. Haixs. 

Sannatyne Poems. 

Baurghwan is used in the same sense, 

A, Bor. Gael Ir. broigh, the neck; 


whence braigkatditin, a collar. The lilt 
syllable has more resemblance of Teut. 
kamme, a collar. 
BR£DDIT,/ Apparently,wreath- 
ed. PaHee of Hon, 

A.S. bred^LUt Teut4 breyd-en, to 
visions for winter. J)ouglas. 
This may be merely bread. But Isl. 
braad Is rendered, praeda» esca, camivo- 
ri animaliSi 
BREDIR, s,pl. Brethren. V. Bmonnu 
BREDIS. In Baznis. V. Aaaun. 

In brede, as used by Chaucer, is rendes- 
Si 1. 1. Broth, soup. Boss, 

*< Bree, broth without neal," 6L 

S. Juice, sauce, S. 
/ " Breau is supping meat, or gravy and 
5. Water ; moisture of any kind, SL 

Thus snauhbrue is melted snow ; ker" 
Hng-bree, the brineof aherring-barrd, S. 
A.S. briw, Grerm. brue, bruhe, id. li- 
quor ; q. deooctum, according to Wadi- 
ter, fiom brau-en, to boil; IsL bruggf 
• calida coctio, from 6ra^g-a, ooquere. 
BREE, s. Hurry, bustle. Sltrr^ 

Su.G. bry, turbare, vezare. 
BREE. s. The eye-brow. V. Bas. 
To BREED of, to resemble. V. Ba^nx. 
BREEK, BR£IK,s. One leg of a pair of 
breeches, S. pi. breeks, breiks, breeches. 
Aoc Goth, and IsL brok ; A. S. braec, 
breci Su.G. braeckort C.B. ^lyccoii; 
GaeL brigis / Ir. ^roaget .* Lat. 6raoca» 
id. From this dress, the Romans gave 
the name of GaBia Braceata to one part 
of Gaul. 
BR£ELLS» Spectacles in general; 
but more strictly double-jointed specta- 
cles, Clydes. 

Germ, brill, So. G. briller, id. ocnli 
Yitrei, L.B. beriU-us, 


BREARD, 5. Hie first appennnce of 
grain above ground, after it is sown, S. 
Afinjt breer, an abundantgermination. 

A.S. brordt frumenti spicae^ ** com 
new come up, or the simnes of com,'* 
Somner. '* Bruartt the bhidte of com 
just sprung up ;" GU Lancash. 

To BaxxB, Brbei, BaxAsn, v, n. To ger- 
niinate» to shoot forth from the earth ; 
^iplied espedallj to grainy S. Brerde, 
part pa. Loth, brairded, JDovgUu. 

BauEDtMO, s. Germination; usedmetaph. 
in relation to divine truth* StUherfbrd. 

BREESSIL, «. The act of coming on in 
a hurry, Fife. 

A. S» braiU, crepitus, strepitus, brasU- 
ton, crepitaiVy strepere. IsL 6ryf , ardena 
calor; ^xi-a, fervide aggredi. 

BREGER, 1. One given to faioils and 

bloodshed. Surd* 

Fr. briguer, a quarrelsome, Oonten- 

tious, or HUgious perwn. The origin is 

most probably 8u.G. brigd-^h litigare. 

BREHON, s. The name given to here- 
ditary judges appointed by authority to 
determine, on stated times, all the con- 
trovernes which happened within their 
nspective districts. By the .SrvAon law, 
«ven the most atrocious ofibnden wei^ 
not punished with death, imprisonment, 
or eiile; but were obliged to pay a fine 
odled Eric. Dr Macphersom, 

Ir. breathmf, breitkeav, still signifies a 
judge. Bullet supposes that Breth has 
been used in this sense by the andent 
Gauls ; whence Vergobrett the name of 
the supreme magistrate among them. 
Ir. Fear gofiaith litenUy signifies the 
man who judges. 

To BREY, 9. a. To terrify. Wjjfntowfu 
A. S. breg'on, id. probably allied to 
Sw. bry, to vex. 

To BREID, BREDE, v. n. To resem- 
ble. V. Bbaoi, V, 5. 

BREID, s. Breadth. On breid, broad, or 

In breadth. Lyndtay, 

A.8.braedi Bvu0.bredd,td. Brtde 

occurs id O.E. JS. Brunme. 


BRETFE, BREVE, «. A writing. 

A. S.-Araiftf, literae; Germ, brirf, a 
letter; IaLSu.G. 6r^, epistola, diplo- 
ma ; Fr. britft breve, a writ Theseare 
all from Lat breve. 
To BasiF, Baavs, Baius, Baiw, v, a, J. 
To writer to commit to writing. 

Palace tfHon, 
8. To compose* Dwnbar, 

Alem. gebriaf'an, scribere; So. G. de- 
brtf'wa. Uteris confinnare« L.B.6r0V- 
iartf in breves redigere. 
BREIRD, f. Thesurftce^ the uppermost 
part, the top of any thing, as of liquids. 
MdmlV$ MS. 
Evidently the same with Baaan, q. v« 
BREITH, adj. Proceeding from fervour 
of mind. V* BaAiTK. 
BaarrHFUL. V. BaAnnihJZ. 
BREK, «. Breach. »^a<n>6r«it, the break- 
ing out of water. Douglat. 

BREK, 9, Uproar, tumuk. JDougUiu 
Isl. brak, strepitus, tumuUus, eg brat' 
Ot strepo^ cerpo, Su. G. braak^at metaph. 
de molesto quovis labore* 
BREME. o4;. Furious, Wynt V. Bam. 
BRENDE, jfart.|>a« Burnt, so as to be 
thoroughly purified. V. Bu&kt SzLVxa. 
Sir Gawan and Sir GaL 
BREKE, 1. Corslet, habergeon. V. Bn- 
inx. Sir Gawan and Sir Gal, 

BRENT, pret, and part. Burned ; S. 
brunt, Dougfa$. 

A.S. brenn»ingf burning ; Isl. brewnt 
BRENT, atff. High, straight, upright, S. 
MaUland Poeme. 
It most fiequendy occurs in one pecu- 
liar application, in connexion with broWf 
as denoting a high forehead, as contra- 
distinguish^ from one that la flat 

A. Bor. brants or bruntf steep. A 
brant hill, Northumb. It is also used 
in Westmorel. Brent^trvm^ a steep hill ; 
Su. G. bryn, vertex montis } Isl. brun-a^ 
to lift one*s self on high. M«o judicio 
bryn notat id, quod ceteris superstat, aut 


tiiMiUitemlneC; Than. UL bruiH Gem. 
in^-ifaunent Alcm. .hraanet Ifae eye- 
Mow. Sw, drintfy ttoep} m^hrant kHp^ 
pa, « steep Todu 

BRENT-KEW, tpA^M^. V. Bmvo- 

BRERI>, s. The lAole futetaiiee en the 
face ef thecarlb. Qawwk and Gd. 

A.S. hrerdf summum. 

To BRERE, V. n. To geramiite. V. 

BRESCHEk «. An attack. Bmx. 

Su. G. dnuAwii, aoDitQm edeite» tmnuk 

turn cxcitare denotata a simplict bratk^ 

tonitua; ihre. it may, hoircfer» be 

orighudly the same with Broth, q. ▼. 

BRESS, pi. Bfiitlca. Dunbar. 

BRES9IE. » A fish, supposed to he the 
Wrasse, or Old Wh, Labrus Tinea, 
Una. Mbbald, 

Perhaps radieaily ttie same with £. 

BREST, /Mft. jM. Forcibly renoved I or 
as denoting tiie act of bfeakiog sway 
-with violence ; for hint, Douglat. 
Btettef to boM* Cbauoer. 

BRETH, <. Appftrently* rage, wrath. 

Sn. G. IsL btaede, praeeqw ira, fti- 
ror. This is probaMy allied lo iraad^. 

BRETHIR* BRETHER, «^ >f. Brt- 
ttirett. Wyn/^mmu 

Isl. and Swi hroeder, breChrcDt 
BRETSk c. pi. The name given to the 
Wekfa or andeot Britant, in general ; 
also, to those of Strat-dyde, as distin* 
ijolshed Shm tHe Scots and FIcCk 

Lord HaOei, 
Wynlown nice i9»*e%t as the pL 

A. 8. Bnuatt Britones} Sryt^ Brito, 
BRETTlrS, #. A fertilkation. Wyniown. 
Ii« B. bretesehia, britetckia. It proper^ 
ly dcnotss wooden towers or cestles : 
BretaeMaet caatella lignea, qmbus Ga»- 
tm et oppida muniebaatar, OaniB.B^- 
ingnef breteehets Dn Caoge. Perinps 
raacnlly allied to Sh.G. diyl-a, to eon- 
tend, to make wnr. 


To BREVE, V. o. To #rici. T. Bitttf. 
BREW, «. Broth, soup. T. Bate 
BREW.CREE6H, «• A term cxprassiVe 
of a duty paid tea lanAoldc^ or supe^ 
lior, which occurs in old Uw^eeds. It 
is still used, Abodl Sometime it is 
caX^ Brtw-talhw. 
BRIBOUR, BRYBOUR, t. A lowbeg^ 
garly fcHsw. Bannatym Poems* 

Wr.bribewr, "abeggsr, asorap-ctU- 
yer; rise, a greedy deronror;" briber, to 
beg; and thia from bribe, A Inmp of 
bread given Co a beggar ; Cotgr. CIB. 
drtie, brib, a morsel, a fragment. 
BRIGHT, BRYCHT, Ayoan^wortan, 
strictly as conveying the idien of beauty. 
Merely a poetical ose of the w^Arighig 
intbesante manner ae a n si a n t writers 
uaedj^e, dere, &c. 
BRID, BRIDDB, «. A bird, n puHet 
Sir GawanoHdSir Gal. 
A.& brid is used for chicken» as also 


BRIDLiAND,|fai«./ife. PUwarU 

Apparently, 9> bridjstUag, drinking is 

ftcely as nsen do at n bridal. 

BRIG, BREG, BRYG, #. A bri4g^ S. 

A. Bor. Lancash. rdlace. 

A.a6rug,6n(ggtf, 8v.G.4rygfa« Beig* 

brmg, id. Ihre tiewe bryg§a as • dimi- 

nsnive from 6fo^ inc. 6m> which has the 

BRIGAMER, «. pL A robber, a B. 

Evidently from An^iMMf. Jimm. Land. 

BRIL» $. The merry tbe«|||M of n IbwL 

y. BnisM. Sibbaid. 

Teutb brO^ osshnilum dica pectus n 

specBli similitudine dictum. 

BRYLIES,#./il.Beaiberries. V.Bnaw- 


BRIAf, BRYMi BREME, «<;. 1. Rih 
ging, swelling ; epplied to the sea. 

IbI. ibiiN, the rsglog of the sea* The 
word is thus defined } AetCus maris^ ve- 
faemeot&ns procelUs littus vcrbcrans';' 
Oki Lex. Run. A.S. briwh brynh sa- 
litfn, acquor. mare^ the sea. 
fl. Fierce^ violent JBeUenden* 


5. Sun, wggti; i^plMd lo 4Im4»kd- 

tenwice. Douglas. 

4. DModag • fTMt degMe «iliitf of 

bMt or of ooUL Dmigbu. 

Thus, ««aMii»Amt,^M«illaiMaMDon 

pbraae fe a iovore lbo«t, &B. 
BamLT, adv. Ficfmly, Monlf. Wall. 

vii 995. V. Artailtx. 
BRIM, s. A caot teim for a tniH, Loth. 
CaUandOT of Cralflfoitb, SawuM MS. 

notes, meotiODS ^im, as flgnifjdiig a 

aooM, 8. TbisiuttmortproiMlilybeen 

the primary aeiMe. 
To BRYN, B&iN, BIRN, v. «. Tolmni, 
SikG. ftniM-a, Ooim. t w a o a , 14. 

A.& 5ryne, burning. 
BRIK, BRINK, <. A ray, abean, aflarii, 

&B. PanmBuehaHjaial. 

BaTNOTAMK, 8et«t-otaw^ j. Brimstone^ 

fiij|pb«ir. DoMght* 

A^S. 4»yn, iBeaadium, and «tos, <y 

kpos iBoendB aan inccodiaiuM. Sw. 

(rofniten, id. 
BRINK. ToBaiMC Pedupi, ioward- 

Ij. SSrIVMfreai. 

<^ in feolon; IsL 8u.G. hring^a. 

BRINKIT,|Mve.|M. TeOm^hTQUBad. 
JBanmafyne JPoems. 
Ba.O. Mw, tnlNUBi, otAnaoekatio 

BRISKET, BISKET, t. The braaat, S. 


Fr.McA^, id. Periiaiw w« hava Abe 

origin of .the word in Id. Motk* $w. 

bnukf gnuk. Thcwofdin £. denotes 

** thehwaar of an aninial." It been this 

sense also in S., and is sonietiaies.ooiT. 

called Irukm* 

BRISMAK,«. ThenamegifentoTorsk, 

our Tusk, in Shellaod. 
BRI6SAL,iufj. BriMle. 61. fiibb. 

Alem. bruzxi, fVagilitas ; Otfrid. Fr. 

hretUUr, rompve, -briier, mettre en pid» 

oes; Ol. Roquefort. 

BRIS^L-OOCK, i. Apparently tbe^r- 

key-cock. Pittcottie. 

Dtnomioaled periiaps from Its rough 


and JMMfy appaeinnne $ or q. BrasU" 
cockt MB, afloordiog to Pennant, ibe tur- 
ktf W9M unknown to the old world be- 
fore the dmaaery of America. " The 
HaH birds of this kind,'* be supposes, 
*' must bam beenteougbtfoiHn Maiica** 
To BRISSLE, v. a. To broil, Ac V. 


T9 BJSLUT, BRYST, #. To bnnt. 


IsL dresl-o, Ban. kmtt-ar, liangi,nutt« 

pi, cum fingore (crepitu) dissiliase. 

BBITfi, s. A tenn whiOi seems to mean 

wrath or contention. Lilian 4md Got. 

Su.0. braede, anger; Mgdt contro- 

▼ersy ; Mgd-a, io litigate. 


a. a. 1. To break down. In whatever way. 

GauNHtartd Got. 

2. To kill; api^iad both to man and 
iNnat y. Baanrjiiv. Douglas. 

Il is also written ^sHyn. A.& 6ryf- 
oa, 8u.G. bryUa, Isl. hriot'O, (nngere. 

BRITURE, Houlateiii. 8., is in Banna- 

To BIIIZE, ». a. To Jtniise. 'T. Biass. 

BBOA^BANi>. V. BaAiiv^Aiw. 

To B^.OGH£, v. a. To pride, to pierce. 

2^. hroeher un cheoal, to spur a horse, 
propeify to strike him hard witii the 
spun, fleoce, 
Baocw, a. 1. A spit GauHmtmdGoL 
S. A naivDW pieee of wood or metal to 
support the stomacher," Gl. Sibbw 

3. A wooden pin on which yam is wound, 
B. Douglas. 

Evidently ^the same with Fr. broeke, 
a spit. Ann. brochen signifies a spit ; 
fimn Ar«c4-ai to pierce, transfigere. 
BROC^AN, s. (gutt) Oat-meal boQed 
to a. consistence somewhat thicker than 
grael, S. It .differs from crotM/^, as this 
is oat-raeal stined in cold water. 


Gael, broehan, pottage, also, gruel ; 

C B. biybau, a sort of flummery. 


I. A chain of gold, a sort -of buUa, or 



Dnuuaent worn on the breast Douglas, 
2. A fibula, a dagp, a braait-pin, & 

Mutes 7%renodie. 

Id. braiz ngnifies^/SftuAx, Su.G.6rax, 

from IiL bnts-a, to fasten Coge&er. 

GaeL broitide, a dasp; broi$de, a bioocb, 


BROCHT, «. Hie art of puking. V. 
B&AKiKO. Leg, Bp. St Andrm. 

CB. hrochf spuma. 

To BROCK. V. Bbok. 

BROCKED, BROAKIT, adij. Vane- 
gated, having a mixture of blade and 
white, & A cow is said to be broakit, 
that has black spots or streaks^ mingled 
with whitei in her face, S. B. 

Statiti. Aec 
Su. G. brokug, brokig, party-coloured ; 
Ir. breach, speckled ; GaeL brueach^ 
speckled in the face. 

BROCKLIE. a4j. Brittle. V. BaouKn. 

BROD, s. A board, any flat piece of wood, 
a lid, S. A. Bor. brmd, a shelf or board, 

Isl. broth, A.S. braed, bred, id. 

To BROD, V. a. 1. To prick, to job; to 
spur, a Douglas. Complasfni S. 

2. To pierceb used metaph., a Ferguson. 
5. To indte, to stimulate; applied to 
the mind. 2}ouglas. 

Su«G, broddf cuspis, aculeus; IbL 
brodd, the point of an arrow ; sometimes 
the arrow itself, a javdin, any pointed 
pieoe of iron or sted ; brydd-a, pun« 
gere ; Ir. GaeL brod^m, to spur, to sti- 

BaoD, BaoDE, s. 1. A sharp-pointed in. 
strument ; as the goad used to drive 
oxen forward, a WyrUown. 

2. A stroke with a shaip-pointed instru- 
ment, a Comptaynt & 

3. An indtement, instigation. Dou^as. 
BaoDDiT Staff, ** A staff with a sharp 

point at the extremity," GL Sibb. Also 
called a pike-staf, S. This is the same 
with broggU-stqf. V. Baoo. 
3R0DYRE, BkODIR,«. A brother; 
pL bredir, bredyre. Wyntovm* 

JsL brodwt pl. breeder. 


BaonnuDocHtxa, s. A niece, a 

Brodir^ton or brother^son, and sister-^ 
son, toe used in the same manner ; and 
brother-baim for cousin, a 

A Swed. idiom, Brorsdotter, niece ; 
brorsoH, nephew ibrorsbam, the diildren 
of a brother. 


brood brought forth, or Uttered, at the 

same time. Douglas. 

From A. a brod, proles, and mael, 

tempos; or O. Germ, tnael, conaors, so^ 

^ citis; whence ee-gAe-moe^ conjunx, KI^ 

Bmod Sow, A sow that has a litter. 


To BROG, e. a. To pierce, to strike with 
a sharp instrument, a AcU Jo. I. 

Hence broggitstaff, mentioned as a sub- 
stitute for an ax. The term prog-staff 
is now used in the same senses q. t. 

Baoo, «. I. A pointed instrument; such 
as an awl, a 
2. A job with sudi an instrument, a 

BROG, BROGUE, 5. A coarse and Ugbt 

kind of shoe, made of hone-leadier, 

much used by the Highlanders, and by 

diose who go to shoot in the hills, S. 

Ir. Gael, brog, a shoe. Lord Hades. 

BROGH,s. Ye man bring brogh and ham^ 
merjbr*t, L e. You must bring proof for 
it. Loth. 

In the North of Germany, the phrase 
burg und emmerh used in a similar sense, 
as denoting legal security. Our brogh 
and Germ, ^rg both denote suretyship. 
The proper meaning of emmer is not 

To BROGLE, v. a. To prick, Loth. 
Brog, sjmon. 

BROGUE,f. "Ahum,atrick,"a jBami. 
Isl. brogd, asttt% stratagemate, Verd. 
brigd, id. 

BROICE, Leg. Broite. Barbour. 

To BROIGH, 0. n. To be in a fume of 
heat ; to be in a stete of violent perspi- 
ration, and panting; Lanerks. V. 
Brothe, from whidi it is probably corr. 


BROILLERIE* t. A stot© of contention. 
V. Bbulto. Godtcr^ft. 

Fr. hnmUUrU, confusion. 
roento of any kind, eqpeciilly of meal; 
S. Bawnaiyne Poemt. 

M0C9.G. ga-bryJcQ, Alem, bruch, id. 
Hence also Germ, brocke, a fragment. 
To BaoK, BaocK, ». a. To cut, crumble, 
or fritter any thing into shieda or tmall 
parcels) Sb 

Apparently formed as a frequentative 
from break ; if not immediately fkom 
BROKAR, t. A bawd, a pimp. Douglas. 
This it merely a peculiar use of £. 
BROKYLL, a4f. Brittle. V. Baum. 
BROKITTia ». pi- The same with E. 
Brocket, a red deer of two yean old. 
Fr. brocart, id. Douglas. 

BBONCH£D,prft. Pierced. 

Sir Gawan and Sir GcL 
Fjrobably an error for broched, lh>m 
Fr. 6rocAer. 
B RONDYN, jNv^lNl. Branched. BwdaU. 
F^. 6r«»fKfef, green boughs or branches. 
s. pi, Biancfaes, boughs. Douglas. 

From the same origin with the pre- 
ceding word. 
To BRONS£, V. «. To overheat one's 
self in a warm aun, or by sitting too 
near a strong fire, S. 

lil. bruni, inflammation Moe8.0. 
brun^Sf iucendium. 
BRONT, part. pa. Burnt, S. bruni. V. 
BaTH, V. Douglas. 

BROO. s. Broth, juioe^ &c. V. Baza. 
BROODIE, o4f. I. Prolific; applied to 
the female of any species, that hatches 
or brings forth many young j as, o broO' 
die hen, S. 
2. Fruitful, in a general sense, & 

Z. Boyd, 
B ROOSE, s. A race at country weddings. 

V. Brusx. 
BROSE, s. A kind of pottage made by 
pouring water or broth on meal, which 
is stirred while the liquid is poured, S. 


The dish fs denominated from the na- 
ture of the liquid, as water-brose, kail' 
brose. Ross, 

A.S. cealesbriu, kail-broo» S.; briwas 
niman, to take pottage or brose. 
BROT, BROTACH, s. A quilted cloth 
or covering, used for preserving the back 
of a hone from being ruffled by the Ski' 
mach, on which the pannels are hung, 
being fastened to a pack-aaddle; Meama. 
Id. brot, plicatura. 
To BROTCH, V. a. To plait straw-ropes 
round a stack of com, S.B.; synon. 
Broth, q. v. 

IsL 6rttj-a, to fasten. 
BROTHE,*. " A great 6roMff of sweet," 
a vulgar phrase used to denote a violent 
perspiration, S. 

The word may be radically the same 
with froth $ or allied to IsL braede, 
braedde* liquefacio. 
To BaoTHi, V. n. To be in a sUte of pro- 
fuse penpiration, S. Chron. S. Poet, 
Buskins, a kihd of half boots. Lyndsay, 
Fn brodequin, Teut. broseken, a bus- 
kin. . 
BROUDSTER, s. Embroiderer. V. 
BaowDiv. PUscottie. 

Fr. brod-er, to embroider. 
BRUKET, ai[f. The face u said to be 
broukit, when it has spots or streaks of 
dirt on it, when it is partly clean and 
partly foul. A sheep, that is streaked 
or speckled in the face, is designed in 
the same manner. Bums. 

Tliere can be no doubt that this is 
originally the same with BaocKEo, 
Broaxit. We may add to the etymon 
there given, Dan. broged, variegated ; 
speckled, grisled. 
BROW, s. Kae brow, no favourable opi- 
nion. ** An ill brow** an opinion pre- 
conceived to the disadvantage of any 
person or thin|2:» S. Mary Stewart. 

BROWDIN, BROWDEN, part. pa. 
Fond, warmly attached, eagerly desirous, 
having a strong propensity, S. It oflen 
implies the idea of folly in the attach** 
F4 ' 


meat, or in the dtgroe of h. Moni gnneri e» 
« lb hrowdem an « thing, to bo fond of 
it North.'* 6L Grow. 

It iBi^ be ibffiMd ftom Balg. 6rMc<-«ii9 
to biood, to hatdi ; oil crwtuKt bung 
Ibnd of Ifaeir young. 
BROWDTN, pan. pa. Embroidoed. 

CB. 6nM(-M.and fV. 6rod-«r, to em- 
Id. hrydd'O, pwngefo, tr9dd. 


BROWDIN, part. pa. ExpL *• clotted, 
defiled, flttby." GL SSib. Chr. £Urk. 
Teat, broddct lordei. 

BRO WDYNE, port. jHi. Dfapleyed, un- 
furled. Barh^ur. 
A. S. 6ra€d-an, to d9iite, to expend. 

BROWNIE, «. A ipiiit, tffl of kte yeen 
■nppoeed to haunt eone old housei, 
those, cspedeUj, ettadied to hrm*. In- 
steed of doiog any hijury, be waa be* 
tieved to be Tery nsefol to fbe fiimily, 
paiticulaily to the senranta, if they treat- 
ed him well; for whom, wfafle they took 
tbdr neceaiary refireibment in ileep, he 
was wont to do many pieces of drud- 
gery, S. JhHglai. 
Rttddiman seems to thiidc that these 
si^to were called Browua, fiom tiieir 
supposed ** swarthy or tawny colour.*' 
They may be viewed as oomiponding 
with the Swaftalfar, i e. twoffAy or 
tfadfc elves of the Edda, as the iissa{^, 
or white elTesi are anakgona to our 

BROWST, BROWEST, s. 1. As much 
malt li^or as is brewed at a time, S. 

Burrow lMwe$» 
2. Used metaph* to denote tixe conse- 
quences of any one's conduct, eqie- 
ciall J in a bad sense. Ibis is often call- 
ed " an iU 6rowif," & Xeily. 
Isl. hrugg-^i raedr invenirecallida cod- 
silia ; brugga tuik, struere insidias. 
BaowsTta, BaowsTAai, s. A brewer, & 
A. S. 6rit0-afi, ooquere cerevisiam; 
Teut hrouw-en, id.( Isl. eg prugg-a, 
decoquo cerevisias. In the ancient 
Saxon, the tennuution aer ofBxed to a 

baeeeoire properly signiiea ptfUrut^ <« • 

woman-baker." fleaan. 
ZbBRUB, Tochedc. toreslnia, to 

keep undcft to oppress tobttek one's 

spirit by aeferity, aS.; allied peibape 

to A. Bor.6r»6, to prick with a bodkin. 

GL Grsae. 
BRUCHE, I. V. Baocjn. 
BRUCKIT. a^. V. BaocKn. 
BRUCKLE, atlf. BritUe. V. Bamm. 
BRUDERMAIST, aif. MoetiAetwii- 

ete; SteraHy, moat biolheriyt Amkr. 

BURGH, «. 1. An encampment of a 

circular form, S. B. 

In Lothian, enoampmenis of the dr- 

cubff ferm «e csHed JBrng/sKi^ frem 

A. S. nTu^f orins, cmiMusb 

8. This name is also given to the strong- 
er sort of houses in which the Bicta aaa 
said to hafe eesided. Brand* 

9. A borou^. «• A foyd ira^ ;" A 
brugk of barony," as disttngniBhed ftom 
«M other, a B. V. Bones. 

4. A haiy rirde tonad the disk of the 
eon or BMxm, generally considered as n 
p r em g e of a rh a wge of we sriie r, la caB- 
ed a ftmgft or 6n»^, a MatiM. Ace. 
A. a beorg, bork, monimentum, ag- 
ger, mv, «' a rampire^ a phrae of de- 
ftnee and SBeoour,"9eBMer ; bmg, cn- 
stellum, Lye. The origin is piobobly 
Ibund in Moes. G. bairgt, mono. 
BRUICK, BRUK, t. A kind of boil, a 

An infiamed tumour or ewetting of 
tiie ghmds under the arm is called a 
hraidt'koat S.B., pron.asirMi. 

IsL bruk, elatic^ tumor; expL of a 
Bwelling that suppwrntes. 
Toeqjoy,topomsai. FoemiBuehanPiaL . 

A. a bruc-aot F^nc. gebruch»enp 
Su.G. Isl. bmk'Of Belg. bruyek-em. 
Germ, bra^tck'ea, to use. 
a4f. 1. Brittle, eerily broken, a 

Xeify. MamUton. 


9.lff«li^. Med iBraUilio«4»4iMUtt- 
«mM itatfl of politicftl matters. BaOUe. 
9. It SMIM to jigttifyMll, pKiiite, ae 
applied to the mind. WjrUavm, 

4. Fickle, ipconstaot WaUaoe, 

5. ImoMlMtf, as fiuMUBg the idea of 
deceit iTwg'f QMtr. 

6. Weak, ddieate^ ttddy, & B. 

7. Apt to Ml i«to «»• or to ^d to 
temptadoo. Ahp» SafniUoun* 

Tent. brokO, ftm^lia, from 6r»ft*«i, 
frangere; Sw. braeekelig, id. Ocrm. 
ftrecMScft/t erambUng. 
BaucuLNsi^ Bao Ki aui iMi, a !• Bottle- 
S. Apparentlyt 

BRUDT» «4f. fteUfic ¥. BaoQMi. 

BRULTIfi, BRULYEMEin; t. 1. A 
ktw9A,hNSt,hKf,^tjpmtit,A Bom. 
8. Improperly tnad for a i»ttl& 


hhfoefhriUm, to ombeoiL 

Ti> BRUND, «. n. To emit epaiks as a 
fliat does when etrui4»— ^ft*j ^madiii, 
tbe Hfe flies ftwn it, &B. 
So. G.6rMiii-«, tolivfii. 

Bmmco^ Ba«imii, BawiriMrs» », pi. 1. 
Brands, pieces of wood lighted. 

8. It asems to rignify the remains of 
bamt wood, reduced to the state of char- 
coal, and aa pediaps retaimng some 

3. Tkt term is scBl commmdjr «eed in 
Aag^ only wkh greater ktilndeL 

AtSi^rMiif may he the origin; as in 
the eeeond ^eensa k meiely denotes a 
firebrand almost entirely burnt «ut. 

BRUS, f. Forae^ impeHu. Dcu^. 

Belg. brwfuek-en^ to feam or roar 

Uke the sea; 8u.G. 6r««-a, somaie; De 

aqois cum impetu roentibus aut flucti- 

bus maris; Ibre. 

ride tke hnue, 1. To r«n a race on borso- 
back ata weditfag^ &, m aistoni stiU pre* 


aerred in Ae eaimtry. Thoiawhoire 
at a w^dAiog, especially the yonager pan 
of tfie company, who are conducting the 
bride from her ovn house to the bride- 
groom's, often set ofi; aft fiUl speed* for 
the ktter. This is calledt Hddng tke 
bnue. He who first reaches Ihe house 
k said to wm iAtf bnut. Mumu 

fi. Metspfan to striwk tooomeadu what- . 
ever way. £. Gallamt^, 

This means nothing moea than ridiQg 
for the brotct broih or iai7, the pnie of 
s|i<0eN6yo^ ailotled in aome places to tha 

T9 BRU8, BRUSCH, «. a. To Ibroe o- 
pen, to presv up. Wy/Uomn, 

lb BRUSCH, V. n. To buret forth, to 

iwh, to isaewiii violence. ¥.Bao8,f. 



L.B. bruid-w, bruU^tu, acupictus; 


BaoscraT, s. Embroidery. Dtmgfat. 

BRU8SLE,f.Boslie»Loth. V.Bbjbssil. 

A.8. braslUian, strepere. 
7e BRU8T, «. m. To bunt. B. Bruce. 
Teut. brott-em, bnatUmy Sw. 6rtit-a, id, 
BRWHS; i. Apparendy, the mmo with 
Brf»e» Wyntomum 

To BU, BUE, V. «• To low. It proper- 
ly denotes theory of a calf, S. 
Let booi—'are, ad. 
BU, BOO, s. A eound meant to excite 
tenor, S* 1¥m6. Elaquenee. 

8. A bugbear, an olgect of terror, Ibid. 
Belg. teiiw, a spectre; C.B. bo. a 
Bv-Kow, f. Any thhig frightfii), as a 
scarecrow, applied dso to a hobgoblin, 
8. V.Cow. 

Ftom te, and Ams, ceio, a goblin. 
Bu-MAN, 0. A goblin; the devil, S. used 

aa Bu'kow. 
BUB, BOB, s. A. bbst, a gnst of severe 
weather. Dou^. 

Allied perhaps to IsL babbe» mahim, 
noxae; or £. M, to beat* as denoting 
the suddenness of its impidse. 
BUBBLY, adj. Snotty, a A. Bor. 


BuBiLTJOCK, f . The Tulgir name for a tur- 
key cock, S. synon. PolUeeock, S.B. 

' Grose* 
The name seems to have origuiated from 
the shape of his combi 

BUCHT, «. A bending; a foUL V. 


To BUCK, n. To push, to butt, Pertha. 
Alem. bock-ent to strike; Su.G. bock, 

To BUCK outyV.n,To make a guggling 

BUCKER, s. A name given to a spedea 
of whale, West of & Siatut* Ace* 

BUCKIE, BUCKY, $. 1. Any spiral 
shell of whatever size, S. 

MuMe*s Threnodie, 

The Roaring Buckie, Buccinum und»- 

tum, Lian. is the common great whelk. 

Teut. fmek-en, to bow, to bend; as 

this eipresses the twisted form of the 


S. A perverse or refractory person is de- 
nominated a thratDH buckie, and somfr. 
times, in stiU harsher language, a Deitt 
buckie, S. Ranuay, 

BocKiK iNoaAM, that species of crab de- 
nominated Cancer bemardus* Newha- 

BucKK Priks, a periwinkle; Turbo te- 
rebra, Linn. Also called IFater-tpouU, 

To BUCKLE, r. a. To join two per- 
sons in marriage ; used in a low or lu- 
dicrous sense, S. Macneill. 

BccKLS-THB-saooAKs, s. One who mar- 
ries others in a clandestine and disoiw 
derly manner, S. 

BUCKTOOTH, #. Any tooth that juts 
out from the rest, S. 

Sibb. derives this from JBoks, q. v. 
Perhaps allied to Su.G. bok, rostrum. 

BUD, s, A gift; generally one that is 
meant as a bribe. Acts Ja, /. 

CB. budd. Corn, bud, profit, emolu- 
ment Or shall we view it as formed 
from A.S. biide, obtulit,q. the bribe that 
has been offered f 

To Bud, Buod, o. a. To endeavour to gain 
by gifts, to bribe. PiiscoUie* 


BUDGE, «. A kind of bOI, oscd in war- 
fore. Ihu^asm 
O.Fr. boug^, bouige, faudile^ seipe ; 
BUF£,f, Beef, S.B. 

Fr. boefif, '^' ^ ^fi* c*^> ^""n 
hu, an ox. 
To BUFF, V. n. To emit a dull sound, aa 
a bUdder filled with wind does, & 

Chr. Kirk. 
It piayed huff, S. It made no imprca- 

Belg. boff-en^ to puff up the cheeka 
with wind ; Fr. bouff^er, id. 
To BUFF, 0. a. To buff com, to give 
grain half thrashing, S. 
/* The best of him is buft,** a phrase 
commonly used to denote that one'a na- 
tural strength is much gone, S* 

Alem. buff-en, pulsare. 
To huff herring, to steep salted beningi 
in fresh water, and hang them up, S. 
Bupp, s. A stroke, a blow, & Chr, Xhrt, 
Fr. bouffe, a blow, L.B. buffo, alapa. 
To BUFF oui, V. It. To laugh aloud, a 
Fr. bot^ee, a sudden, violent, and 
short Uast, buff'4r, to spurt. 
BUFF, s. Nonsense. foQUsh talk, ^Skirr^ 
Teut heffe, id. nugae, inisio; Tr. 
buffai, vanit^ ; also moquerie. 
BUFF, s. Skin, ^ript to the huff, stript 
naked, & 

Perhaps from E. buff, aa denoting 
leather prepared from the skin of a buf- 
BUFF NOR STYE. He etm'd neither 
say buff nor stye, S. i. e. " He could 
neither say one thing nor another." It 
is also used, but I suspect improperly, 
in regard to one who has no activity ; 
He has neither huff nor stye wlh him 

Teut b^, celeusma, a cheer made fay 
mariners. Stye might be viewed as re- 
ferring to the act of mounting the 
shrouds, from Su. G. stig-a, to ascend. 
BUFFER, s, A foolish fellow ; a term 
much used among young people, Clydea» 
Fh bouffard, ** often puffing strouU 
ing out ftwelliog with anger,*' Coigr. 


BUFFETS» i,pl.A swelling in tfa^ gbmda 
of the throat, Ang. (brankh "ynon.) 
probeblirfrom Fr. houffiy swollen. 
BUFFETSTOOL, «. A stool with sides, 
in fonn of a square table with leaves, 
when these are folded down, S. Lin- 
colns. Id. A. Douglas. 

Fr. huffett a udeboard; expl. by 
Roquefort, dressoir, which denotes a 
boaid for holding plates without box or 
BUFFIE, BUFFLE, adj. Fat, purfled; 
applied to the iace,& 

Fr. houff^t blown up, swollen. 
BUFFONS, <• pl> Pantomimic dances. 
Fr. h<mfin»t those by whom they were 
BUG,prff^ Built V. Bio, v. 

BUntireisy Border. 
BUGE, s. ** Lamb*slur; Fr. agnelin.'* 
. Rudd. Douglas. 

Ftk bouge, E. huge, id. 
BUGGE, s. A bugbear. V. Bogoabbi. 
BUGGLE, t. A bog, a morass, &B. This 
aeems to be merely a dimin. from Ir. 
and £. bog, 
BUGUU BUGILL, s. A buglehom. 

Q^ buculae eomu^ the horn of # young 
' oow; or from Tent boghel. Germ, hu- 
gelt curratura. 
BUICK, pret. Court'sied; from the ▼. 
Beck. Ross. 

To BUIGE, V. n. To bow, to creenge. 
Maitland Poems. 
A.S. bug-'tm, to bend. 
BUIK, s. The body. V. Bour. 
BUIK, BVKE,pret. Baked. Dunbar. 

A. 8. boc, coxit, from bac-an,"- 
BUIK, BUK, BUKE, si A book, S. 

Germ, buck, Alem. bouch, Bdg.ftoeit, 
A. a bocy Moe8.G. IsK Su.G. bok, id. 
It has been generally supposed, that the 
Northern nations give thu name to a 
book, from the materials of which it was 
first made, bok signifying a beech-tree. 
BuiK*LAKx, f. Learning, the knowledge 
acquired by means of a regular educa- 
tion, S. 


BviK*LaA»'n» BooK-LiAa*o» atg. Book.. 

learned, S. A. Ificol. 

Isl. boklaerd-4ir, id. V. Lake, v. and s. 

BUIR, Leg. Leuir. ^Wallace. 

BUISE) To shooi the buise. • CUUmd. 
Apparently, to swing, to be hanged ^ 
perhaps from Ital. bttsco, the shoot of a 

BUIST, s. A part of female dress, an- 
dently worn in S. Maitland Foems* 
Ft. busj, or buste, plated body, or 
other quilted thing, worn to make or 
keep the body straight ItaL ^im^o, stays 
or boddice. 

BUIST, BUSTE, BOIST, «. 1. A box or 
chest, 8. Meal'buist, chest for contain- 
ing meal. Acts Jo. IL 
2. A coffin ; nearly antiquated, but still 
sometimes used by tradesmen. Loth. 
O.Fr. boiste, Arm. bouest, a box. 

To BuisT up, V. a. To inclose, to shut up. 

BuxsT-MAKxa, s. A coffin-maker, Loth.; 
a term now nearly obsolete. 

BUISTT, s. A bed, Aberd. Gl. Shirr, 
used perhaps for a small one, q. a b'ttle 

box. V. BoOSBTT. 

BUITH, s. A shop. V. BoTHX. 
SUITING, s. Booty. Montgomerie. 

Fr. butin, Ital. butino, id. 
BUITS, s. pi. Matches for firelocks. 

Bailiie^s Lett. 
To BUKK, V. a. To incite, to instigate. 
Germ, boch'-en, to strike, bock-en, to 
push with the horn; Su.G. bock, a 
stroke; Isl. buck-a, calcitrare. 
aumob Menrysone. 

This seems to be an old name for some 
game, probably Blind man*s Buf. 
BU-KO W, «. Anything frightftil ; henca 

applied to a hobgoblin, S. V. Bu. 
BULDRIE, s. Bitikiing, or mode of 
building. Buret. 

BULYIEMENT, s. Habiliments; pro- 
perly such as are meant for warftre. V. 
Abultixmemt. Boss. 

Buiyiements is still used ludicrously 
for clothing, & 


To BULI^ ».n.T4itik«llMba]l; a 
mad vith retpect to a cow. Both llie 
V, and c ape imML ^ bSi, & 

Biil-nUer, S., it aiiala0Oiis to TeoL 
ioUe^heU, menm pw admimini ImuL 

To BUIXER, Ik «• I. To Mttt Micli a 

mmmi at waltr dooo, wImb nithiag vio- 

leotly into anj caTity, or forced back 

ifltfB, & Dowgioi. 

Bu»G* Uitir~a, UmudlMiJ, rtrtpittiin 

S. ToBMkeanoiatwiAchethrQtli at 
oaa dooi vliieii ^M^glkig k iMth aoj li- 
quid, S. gulier, tynon. Bdltnden, 
Sf. Ta Qudbeaay rattUag naiat ; at when 
abaaat art opUed dowahill, «r when a 
qutnlity of stooet falla togoOiert 8.B. 
•4b To bdkm, to raar at a ImH ar cow 
doei^ & ; alao proa. MCar, An^ 

JA baul^ nw^gige, tmid imigitnt. 

5. It it uaad at 0. a. lo davote iSt^ mnp 

petiu ar act productiTe of tucfa a sound 

at It daaeribad nbova. JDo^i^Im, 

£uLUR, Bqu«v«i^ •• 1« a loud gm^&ng 

Haooa, lAf Ai&rf ^Budum, A9 ovne 
gireu to an arch la a roGk; on the ooatt 
of AbardaentbSre. 

Su.O. Mfer> ttnpilus. 
2. A bellowwg noiaaj or a loud roar, 
&B. V. than. 
BUiXBTSTANE, i. A round itone, & 
ItL MM-«ir, nniad; M?«/,oonfCpdl7, 
To BUIX.IRA6, o. a. To rally in a con. 
tanaptuaut wagr. Co abuaa one in a hac- 
lorii^ jnmQer, a 

III. lmd» M malidieafl^ mUfwegkh 
daffiR% torjvroach. 
ja^UA ff. pL Strong ban in whkb Ihe 
leatb of a bflmiw are plaaad, & B. 

Su.a. M III bok-^ tnanciw. 
BUX^IU-SEGG, «. Tlie^aat oat-tafl or 

nadnaoe, lypha latifoUa, LWui. &B. 
BUXJ^SEGG, <. AgeldedbttU. V-Saoo. 
BULTY, atli. Laige, FSfi^ 

Tbit nay be aUaed lo TeiiCMilr, gib^ 
bos, tuber; Belg. imU, a bwicfa, M(^, 
a little buDcfa ; Isl huU, vnma% 


BULWAVD. i. llieaaioa giwa to am. 
WW nuigvort, IMncy, Caiibn. JVMff. 

To BI/M, a.a. 1. To bavp la makm % 
huauning aoiae; uaad witfa icapactio 
beet, a A.Bor. J. NieoL 

S. UndtadeaoletheaoMeofaaralti. 
tnde. HmmSUmu 

5, At expwiiBg tfaa tomd emitted bf 
tbedroneofabag^pe, & Fergttson. 

4. Uaad to denote the ftaedoat of agree* 
able oonfemtion among ftiend% aB. 

Belg. bomm m, to raaound; TanL 

bomme, a drum. 
Bum, «. A bumauag aoite, iba towid •• 

mitftedbyabee,a V.theo. 
BoKva>«. A bumblebee^ #inld baa tfaal 

maket a great noise, a Bwmtl&-6ee, id. 

O- the lae that ftumt. 
BtmJCtJOCK, u A bttataoing beede^ tiMt 

fliea Jn the lummer erenings. Atmi. 
BU-M AN, «. A tmott ^wa to the de?iL 

V. under Bv. 
BUMBABD, a4^ Indolent, htf. 

Ital. homjbarit a bnmble4>ee^ Dtathar, 
BusuAKT, J. !• The drone-beab orjwrfaapt 

ateb-Ay. MOoaVoMS. 

5. A drone, a driveller. DanAar. 
BUM BAZED, BOMBAZ£0,4i4^ Stu- 

piliad, a V. BABBik Rou. 

Q. stupilied with noiea; Sbool Taut. 

Aofluae, ^ympanimi, and teetta, deE- 

antartaiiimant anciently given at Chritt- 
mat by tananlato their landlowbi, Orkn. 
WiMaee*$ Orkm. 
iL A breMog of a lai^t quantity of 
malt, ibr the pinrpote of being damk al 
once at a many mreting.'^Caithn. 

laL bua, perart^ and mage todua, q, 
«o «iake prapaolMM fiir ooa'a aompa- 
Aioat ; or 60 viUa, inoola, and mage, tfaa 
faUowihip of a «iUi|^ or of itt iababt- 

a. EipL a drones an idle fellow. V. Ba* 
ciB-BoinfZL* Sums* 

TcttU hommckt fmm. 


Tp BUMMILy ft a. To bungle $ iko/ M 
V. fi. to blundor, & Amuajf. 

BomicLn, BvtiLtBy u AUoodflriogl^ 
low, & 

BUM]', «. A Btfokeb << Ho eonno Immp 
upon me," he como upon mo wHh a 
•ttoko, a 

Id. hmp^ o ilroko i^nil tfty ob- 
ject, 6Mip-a, citik ruino ferri. 

BUN, BUNN, s. A sweet cake or kef, 
geaenUy one of that kind wMefa ii used 
at the new yev , baked wltk fruit and 
fpiceriet) wmietuaealgv thU rioaon ealU 
od a imeeiie'4€M9t a Sioiiii. JUc. 

Ir. kunna^ a cake. 

BUN, <• 1. The funoas £• bum* 

S. Iliii Word ligniflfla the taQ or brush 
of a hara* Border i being used in the 
■no lenae wilh>Wr. WtHmnCa ColL 
Ir. ften, hm, the bottom of any thing ; 
Sao.fcmd, idi| OaaL6aii, bottom, (bun- 

BUN, i. A loffgecarib piaetd in acert, for 
the pnipasa of bringing water ftom a 
distance; Aag« 

TUa ms^r be radically the laaie with 

BUNS, BOON, f. The inner part of the 
•talk of do, the eore, that which is of 
no use, afterwards called Mhawt, Ang. 
Hffm id H orays. 

BUNEWAND. i. The oow.pannip» He- 
laeleom sphondylimnt is called INut- 
WMidf aB. MpiUgomerie. 

This appears to be of the same mean- 
ing with SumomUf q. ▼. 

BUNO, Mff, Tipsy, fuddled ; a low word, 
a Banuay* 

Q. Smelling of the hung* 

BUNKER, BUNKART, J. 1. A bench, 
flvsortoflow chest serving for a seat 

a A seat in a window, which also serves 
for a chest, opening with a hinged lid, 
a Sir J» Sinclair* 

a It istms to bo the same word which 
is used to denote an earthen seat in the 
ie1d% Abcrd. Xmw Case. 


A.a hmcf 8u.G. teaidt, a bench; 
IsL hmek&f uo&nm, etruee ; a heap. 
BUNKLE, f. A stranger. « The dog 
berks, because he kens you to be a bun- 
kk,** This word is used In some parts of 

Perhaps origtnatly a osendieaiiC; from 
Isl. btm, mendicatio, and karl, Yolgaily 
kali, homo. 
BUNNERTS, s. pi. Cow-parsnlp, aS. 
Heraelonn spboodylinm, Lfam. 

Pflrt»ps Qpbiam^-9efif which In fiw. 
would be» the beat's wort 
BUNTLINO, «. Banding, E., a bhd, a 
BUNWEPE, f. Ragwort, an herb ; Se- 
nedo jacoliaeat Linn, a Unweed; synoo. 
10006010. H&ulaie, 

This name is also gifon, a to the Po^ 
lygonum convolvulus^ which in Sw. is 
called JKm/o. 
BUR, s. The cone of the fir, aB. 

8a. G. barr denotes the leaves or 

needles of the pine. 

BUR.THRISSIL, m. The spear-thisde, 

a Garduus lanceolatus. Bur^Uiistle, id. 


To BURBLE, v. «. To pari. Sudton. 

Teut bofbd'tnt scatarlre. 
fou^, town. Dunbar, 

Moe8.0. baurgt: A. a burg, burb, 
BURD, «. A Uidy, a damseL V. Biao. 
BURD, BURDE, s. Board, table. 

Moes.O. baurd, asser, taboh^ A. a 
bard, id.' 
BuaBOLAfiB, s. A tablecloth, a West- 
moreL, id. Dunbar. 

From burd, and doAA, doth. 
BURDALANE, «. A term used to de- 
note one who is the only diild left in a 
family ; q. bird alone, or, lolitaiy ; burd 
being the pron. of Hrd. Mailkmd MS& 
BURDE,!. Ground, foundation. 

Su.G. bord, a footstool. Bdlenden. 
BURDE, f. A strip, propetly an orna- 
mental selvedge; as a " burde of silk/' 
a selvedge of silk. Dunbar. 


Sii«G. b^rda, limbut vel piMtexte; 
unde tUketboniot dngulum wrioim Tel 
limbttB ; guMard, Umbos Aureus; Teat, 
ftoord, limbus. 

BURDYN, at(j. WoodeD,of orbeloogiog 
to boards. WaUaee> 

A.S. bord, S. hurd, buird, a board, a 

BURDING. f. Burden. V. Bultm, 
Btbth. liontgomerie. 


BURDIT, paH. pa. Stones are said to be 
burdit, when they split into lamina^ & 
perhaps from burd, a board; q. like 
wood divided into thin planks. 

BURDLY, BUIRDLY, o^^ Lsigeand 
well-made, S. The £. word stately is 
used as synon. Bums* 

IsL 6ttrd»r, the habit of body, strength, 
propriae Tires; t^urdur mmii, excellent 

BOWNE, «. A big staff, such as pil- 
grims were wont to carry. Douglas. 
Fr* bourdoHt a pilgrim's staff; O. Fr. 
bourde^ a baton; Isl. broddsttufur, ad- 
pio, hastulus, hsstile. 
S. Be staff and bufdonf a phrase re- 
specting either inyestiture or resigna- 
tion. Beliendem. 

BURDOUN, f. " The drone of a bagl 
pipe, in which sense it is commonly 
used in & " Ruddimatu 

Fr. bourdon, id 

BURDOWYS, s. Men who fought with 

dubs. JBarbour. 

Burdare, (Matt Paris), is to fight 

with dubs, after the manner of downs, 

qui, he says, Anglis Burdons. 

BUREDELY, ado. Foidbly, vigonmsly. 
V. BvaDLT. Sir Gawan and Sir Gal. 

BUREIL, SURAL, a4f. Vulgar, rustic. 

Chaucer bor^ id. ; L. B. burell'-us, a 
species of cosrw doth ; Teut 6aer, a 

BURG ^»ce, a whale.fiaher*s phrase for a 
field of ice floating in the sea, &, most 
probably from its resemblance of a co5- 


BURG£» BurgesMt. Wyniow». 

Lat burgens'es* 
BURGEOUN; s. A bud, a shoot 

Fr. burgeon, id. ; Su. G< fttflcro, oriri ; 
Isl. bar, gemma aifaomm. 
BURIAN, s. A mound, a tumulus; or a 
kind of fortification, & Aust 

Siaiist. Ace. 
From A.S. beorg, burg, moDs, acer- 
▼us; or byrigenn, byrgene, sepularum« 
mooumentum, tumulus. 
RIOR, BURRIOUR, i. An exaco. 
tioner. BcUendetu 

Fr. bourreau, idi 
BARLEY. Byrlaw Omrt, a court of 
ndghbours, residing in the oouiitiy» 
which determines as to local ooncems. 
Skene. R^»M<^. 
From Belg. baur (boer) a husband- 
man, and lawi or as Germ«6oii«r, A.S. 
bur, IsL byr, signify a Tillage^ as wdl as 
a husbandman, the term may signify die 
law of the village or district 
BuauB-Banix, «. An officer employed to 
enforce the laws of the Burlauhcourts, 

Does this signify burnt, from Fr. 
BURLY, s. A crowd, a tumult, Q.B. 
Teut borUen, to TodAiate. Hence 
E. kurly-lniHy. 
BURLY, BUIRLIE,a4f. SCatdy,stioog; 
as applied to buiklings. WaUae^ 

Teut boer. Germ, bauer, a boor, with 
the termination lie, denoting reacm- 

BURLINS,«.j)l. The bread ^HTitf IB the 
oven in baking, S. q. bwmUns. 

BURN, i4 1. Water, particularly tibat 
which is taken from a fountain or well, 
S. Ferguson. 

Moes.G. brunna, So.G. bruws. Id. 
brunn-^r, Genn.brun,TtQX.b%im,bome, 
a well, a fountain ; Belg. bomwatert wa- 
ter from a weU. 


2. A rifulet, a brook, & A. Bor. 

£« b&um^ In this sense oulj A.S. 
^Mm, and byma, occur; or as signify- 
ing a torrent. 

3. Hw water used in brewing, S.B. 


4. Urine, aB. ** To make one's 6ttm,*' 
mingere. Germ. bruHf urina. 

BoaKU* Buamr, ii sometimce used as a 
dimin. denoting a small brook, S. 


Jkf BURN, V. a« 1. One 18 said to be 
^m/, when he has suffered in any at- 
tempt /// burnt, having suffered se- 
verely, & BaiUie. 

5. To deceive, to cheat in a bargain, S. 
One says that he has been brunt, when 
overreached. These are merely oblique 
senses of the £. v. 

BURNET, M{j. Of a brown colour. 

Fr. brunette, a dark brown stuff for- 
merly worn by persons of quality. 

BURNEWIN, «. A cant term for a black- 
smith, S. Bums. 
** jBum-Me-wtncf, — an appropriate term," 

silver re6ned in the furnace Jets Jtu IL 
IsL brendu silfri, id. Suorro Sturle- 
son shews that skirt siy¥, i. e. pure sil- 
ver, and brennt siffr, are the same. 

BURR, BURRH, «. The whirring sound 
made by some people in pronouncing 
the letter r/ as by the inhabitants of 
Northumberland, S. Statist. Aec. 

This word seems formed from the 

BURRA, «. The most common kind of 
rush, Orkn. ; there the Juncus squarro- 

BURRACH'D, par«.jM. Inclosed. V. 

To BURRIE, V. a. To overpower in 
working, to overcome in striving at 
work, S. B. allied perhaps to F^. bourr^ 
er, IsL ber^a, to beat. 

BURRY, a4f. Henrysone, 

Either rough, shaggy, from Fr. (our. 


m, ** flodde, hairie» rugged,** Cotgr. 
or savage, cruel, from Fr. bouneau, ao 
executioner. V. Buaio. 


BURSAR, s. One who receives the be- 
nefit of an endowment in a college^ for 
bearing his ezpences during his educa- 
tion there, S. Bulk ofDisdpHnem 
L.B. Bursar^iuSi a scholar support- 
ed by a pension ; Fr. boursier, id. from 
L. B. bursa, an ark, Fr. bourse, a purse. 
Bottrse also signifies *' the place of a pen<* 
sioner in a college," Coigr. 

BuasiJiT, Buast, «. Theendowment given 
to a student in a university, an exhibi- 
tion, S. Statist. jtcc4 

S. Lyndsay, 

S. Overpowered with fktigue ; or so 
overheated by exertion as to drop down 

BUS, «. A bush, S. buss. V. Bust. 


BUSCH, |. Boxwood, S.B. Douglas. 
Belg« bosse-toom, butboom, Fr. bouis, 
buis, Ital. bttsso, id. 

To BUSCH, v.n. To lay an ambush; 

pret. buschyt. Wallace, 

O. £. bussed. it. Brunne^ 

Ital. bosc-are, imbosc-are, from 6o«co, 

q. to lie hid among bushes. 

BnscHKMKKT, s. Ambusfa. Wallace. 

O.E. bussement. R, Brunne. 

To BUSE, BUST, v. a. To inclose catUe 
in a stall S.B. 

A.S. bosgfbosig, pniesepe; E. boose, 
a stall for a cow, Johns. 

To BUSH, v.a. To sheathe, to inclose in 
a case or box, S. ; applied to the wheels 
of carriages. 

Su. G. Belg. bosse, a box or case of 
any kind. 

BUSH, intefj. Expressive of a rushing 
sound, as that of water spouting out, 
Tweedd. J. Nicol. 

L. B. bus^Ms, a term used to denote 
the noise made by fire-arms or arrows 
in baule. 

Ta BUSK, V. a. 1. To dress, to attire one*s 
self, to deck, S. ; bus, A. Bor. id. 



Qetm, kUM^ettf hat-^Hf Bdg. bteU» 
ent 9m,G. ptu^-m, pu$$^ ofnara, d<co- 
lue; Oerm. kuiMfbuu, orMlai 
huix/¥mtmf awelUdlMMd wobuui.' 
ft. To ftnpan, to make r«4yr in I 
t$Af 8L Air3Vt#«vm. 

9. v*fi« To teadi to dlract oiM*t coone 
towudiL ^iMM oatf (Tol. 

4. It MBMliBei MtBM to imply the idea 
ofnpid motioii; m oqiiifaltiit to nisA. 

Bvntiro, f. Vnm, dacontion. JcuJiu VL 

BUSK, f. A biMb. DougUu. 

Sa.O. IsL bnak§t Gcnn. butek, Belg. 

^scA, frutoi. ItaL hncOf wood. 

BUSKEMING, i. i»r Bgtir, 

Apparentlj bij^-flown languaga, like 

that mad on the stage ; from £. dtufttn, 

the bigfa ihoe ancieDtly worn by ncton. 

BUSSIN, «• A linen cap or hood, worn 

by old women, much the same aa Toy, 

q. ▼. West of a 

Peibapsfrom Moea.G« hutt^m, fine 
linen. Or. fivp-cnn, id. 
BUSSING, f. Covering. JBvergreeiu 
Perbaps ftom Gcnn. huteh, faaoili a 
bundle, afardeL 
BUST, s, A box. V. BunT* 
BUST, BOOST, J. *' Tar mark upon 
•beep! commonly the initiala of the pro- 
prietor** name^" GL Sibb. 

Perbaps what is taken outof Uietar* 
bust or box. 
To BUST, V. <t. To powder, to duet with 
flour, Aberd. Jftul, synon. 

This V. is probably fbrmed from bust, 
bvasit a box, in allusion to the meiU'buut, 
To BUST, c.a. To beat, Aberd. 

IsL boett»a, id. 
BUSTINE, my. " Fuitian, doth,** GL 
Perhaps it rather respects the shape 
of the garment i from Fr. biute, '* the 
long, small or sbarp-polnted, and haid- 
quOted belly of a doublet;*' Cotgr* 
BUSTUOUS, BUSTE0U8, o<;. 1. 
Huge, huge in aiieb Douglas. 


2. Strang, powerfaL Lindsay, 

8. " Terrible, fierce,*' Rndd. 

4« RoBgb, unpolished. Hsi^ffu. 

Sa.O. ku-«, comioBpetu fefri; Tent 

boes^en, impetuose pulsare. 
Busreousmss^ $. FJswaaeto, fiolenoe. 

hVTffrep. Withoiit V. Benr. 
BUT, ad». 1. Towards the outer apart- 

mcnt of n houses S. IhuAttt. 

2. In the outer apartment. Dumhar. 

To gae buit to go forward, or into, the 

outer apartment; sometimes called the 

bui^ouse, S. It isalso used as a prep. 

Gae bui ika kcmsst & V. Bxy, 
A.& buie, buta. Tent bu^en, oitra, 

fonai lbrth,ontofdoon. 
BUT, «. Tho outer apaitmant of a houses 

a Dimftor. 

BUT, prep. Besides. Bofbour. 

A.& buiotit piaetar. 
BUT, o. imp. Expressive of neeeasity, S. 

V. Boos. 
BUT, «. Let, impodimeBl, & Thia is 

merely the pHp. used as a aoliatan. 

BUT AND^pn^y. Besides. V.Botsjnu 
BUTER, BUTTER, f. Bittom. V. 


BUTT, f. 1. Apieoeofgroondtwhicfain 
ptonghing does not fiHm proper tidge, 
but is excluded aa an angles S. 
8. A small pieoe of ground digoined 
from the adjaeent lands. 

F^. 4oii/, end, extremity. t».B. buiia 
Mftir, ageUuSi 

8. Those parts of the tanned hides of 
faotees which ate under the crupper, are 
called butth probably as being the ex- 
tremities, S. 

BUTWARD8, adv. Towards the outer 
part of a room, &B. Jtocr. 

BWNI8T, «(f. Uppetmoat. Dumbar. 

From 6oefi, contr. ftom aftone, above^ 

corresponding to modem boom m osif up* 

permoet, q. t. Belg. bovenste^ id. from 

boveUf above. 



CAt CAW, «. A walk for oitde^ a parti- 
cular diitrict, &B. V. Call, Caw, v. 


CA, «. A pass or deBle between bills, Su- 
therl. StaH$t* Ace, 

T9 CAB, o. a. To pilfer, Lotb. 

CABARR, s. A lighter. V. GAXtXT. 

CABB ACK, «. A cheese. V. Ksaaucx. 

CABBIE, KEBBIE, s. Aboi.madeof 
letfas, narrow at the top, used as a pan- 
nier for canying grain on horseback ; 
one being carried on each side of the 
horse ; Sutherl. StaUU, Ace. 

CABBRACH, adj. Rapacious, laying 
hold of every thing, &B. Jtotr. 

CABELD, «(;. Reined, bridled. Dwibor. 
Teut IcAelt % roptu 

rafter, S. i>o«g<ai. 

?. The same term is used to denote the 
transverse beams in a kiln, on which 
grain is laid for being dried, S. 

C. B. Ari6r, Com. 4re6er, a rafter ; Ir. 
cahbr^ a coupling i Teut. keper^ a beam, 
a brace. 

CABROCH, adj. Lean, meagre; «il<v- 
hmekt Galk>wny. Evergreen, 

Ir. Gael, tcabar, thin, 

CAC£, CAIS, t. Chance, accident On 
eaee, by chance. Douglat, 

Fr. c<u, id. 

To toss, to drive, to shog, S. Douglas. 
Belg. kaatt'cn, to toss, Ital. eacc^iare, 
to drive. 

CACHE-KOW, s. A cow-catcher, a cow- 
stealer. Douglat^ 

CADDIS, t, lint for dressing a wound, S. 
Gael, eadat, a pledget. 

To CADGE, y. Cache. 

CADGELL, «. A wanton fellow. V. 

CADIE, t. 1. One who gains a liveUhood 
by running of errands, or delivering 
piessages ; a member of a society in E- 

dinbttfgb, inatituted for thispurpoae, S. 
S. A boy; especially as employed in run- 
ning of errands, or in any inferior sort of 
work, & 

9. A young fellow ; used in a ludicrous 
sense, S. Bum*. 

Fr. cadet, a younger brother. 
CADGY, CADY, a^f. V. Caiois. 
CADUC a4i, Frail,fleeting. OomphyniS. 

Fr. eadufue, hat, caduc^mst id. 
CAFF, «. Chaff. & Saffuay. 

A.& cerff Germ, kqfi id. palea, 
CAFLIS, ])L Lots. V. Cavbl. 
CAHUTE, f. 1. The cabin of a ship. 


S. A small or private apartment of any 

kind. Douglas. 

G9Tm.'kaiulefkMuie, Su. G. ka^juta, id. 

CAIB, s. The iron employed in making a 

spader or any such instrument; Sutherl. 

Gael, ceibe, a spade. SUUiti* Ace, 

CAIF, KAIF, adj. Tame, South of & 

Sw. h^wa, to tame. Gl. Sibb. 

To CAIGE, CAIDGE, v. n. To wanton, 
to wax wanton. PhUotus. 

Su.G. kaeU'jaSf lascivire. 
Caiou, Caidgt. Cadv, Ksadt, a^j. 1. 
Wanton, S. JTu/dy, Ang. Lyndtay. 
S. Cheerful, sportive; having the idea 
of innocence conjoined, S. Ramaay. 
. Dan. Anod, Su.G. Aoo/, sahur, lasd- 
vus ; Isl. kaat-ur, hilaris.^ 
Cadgilt, adv. Cheerfully, S. Fergueon. 
CAIK. «. A stitch, a sharp pain in the 
aide. South of S. Gl. Sibb. 

Teut. koeck, obstrucUo hepatis. 
CAIlC, *. A cake of oauroeal, S, Xnox. 
CAiK-FuMLkR, s. A parasite, a toad-eater ; 
or perhaps, a covetous wretch. Douglas, 
C A I L, *. Colcwort, S. V. Kail. 
CAYNE, s. An opprobrious term, 

CAIP, CAPE, s. The highest part of any 
thing, S. Hence, ca v^ rt en e, the cope- 
stone, S. Teut. kappe, culmen. 


CAIP, «. A coffin. Henrytone. 

A.S. c^e, GATca. 
To CAIR, KAIR, o. a. To drive Uick. 
vmdB and forwards, S. Ceare, GL Sibb. 
Isl. kar-a, Sa.G. Aoer-ai Ti pellera. 
To CAIR, CAYR, ». n. To r«tum to A 
place where one has been before. 

A.S. cerr-an, to return, Belg. kear» 
en. Germ, ker'-en, to turn. 
Left. Hence, caA^^ontfd, carfy-Aan</if> 
left-handed, & V. Ker. 
CAIRD, CARD, KAlRD,s. 1. Agip- 
tj, one who lives by stealing, & Ross. 
S. A traTelllng tinker, S. JE^Hrm. 

5. A sturdy beggar, & ; synon. with 

4. A scold, S.B. 

Ir. eeardt ceird, a tinker. 
CAIRN, ». I. A heap of stones thrown to- 
gether in a conical form, S. Pennani. 

5. A building of an>kind in a ruined 
states a heap of rubbish, S. J^wms. 

GaeL Ir. cornet C. B. camedtlaWf id. 
CAIRT, f. A chart or map. BureL 

Tnit. karte, Er. carte, id. 
CAIRTS» «. pi. Cards, as used in play, S. 

Fr. carie, id. 
Caiktamb, f. ;>/. Ilayers at cards. Xkox. 
CAIR.W££DS» ff. pi. Mourning weeds, 
q. " weeds of care.** Dunbar. 

Ta CAIT, V. n. V. Caw. 
CAITCHE, CAICHE, «. A kind of 
game. Lyndtay. 

Tent ketiCy ictus pike^ kaeU^eny lu- 
dere pila. 
CALCHEN, f. (gutt.) A square framo 
of wood,, with ribs across it^ in the form 
of a gridiron, on which candk-flr is 
dried in the chimney, S.B. 

Isl. kialke, a sledge^ sperru^MtJii, 

CALD, CAULD, afj. 1. Cold, S. 

Popttlar Sail. 
2. Cool, ddiberate, not rash in judg- 
ment. DougUu. 
Moes.G. kahb, A.8. ceald, Alem. 
chali, IsL kalt, ftigidus. 


Cald, Cauld, «. 1. Cold, the privation of 
heat, S. Wyntown. 

2. The disease caused by cold, S. 
Caold Coal. He has a cauld coal to 

Uaw ai, ** He is engaged in work that 
promisee no success," 8. Pirov. 
CALDRirs, CAULoaxFC, a4/* 1. Causing the 
sensationof cold, S. Eois, 

S. Very susceptible of cold, S. 

3. Indifierent, cool, not manifesting re- 
gard or interest, & Fergutotu 

Cald, and rjfe, q. ** abounding incold."^ 

Cavldbifkkess, CoLDAincKxss, s. 1. Sus- 
ceptibility of cold, chilness, S. 
S. Coolness, want of ardour, S. BaUHe. 

Cauld Sker, Sour milk and meal stirred 
together in a cold state, S. B. 

CALFLEA, f. Infield ground, one year 
under natural grass ; probably thus do* 
nominated ftom the calves being fed on 
it, Ang. 

CALFING, «. Wadding. V. Cotr. 

CALICRAT, s, ApparenUyanemmetor 
ant. Burel. 

To CALKIL, V. a. To calcukte. 

Pr. caletd-er, id. Oomplaynt S. 

To CALL, CA*, CAA, CAW, v. a. 1. 
To drive, to impel in any direction, S. 

2. To strike, with the prep, at, 8. 

Sir £geir» 
Dan. kage, leviter verbsfaie. 

To Call, Ca', v. n. I. To move quickly, 
8. Boss* 

2. To go in, or enter, in consequence of 
being driven, S. Bord. Minstrelsy. 

Call, Caw of tke Ufoier, the motion of it 
in consequence of the action of the wind, 

Callxe, s. One who drives horses or cat- 
tle under the yoke^ Barry. 


1. 1. A stripling, a lad ; "a young co^ 
land,** a boy, S. Baittie. 

2. Applied to a young man, as a term 
expressive of affection, S. Waveriey. 
5. Often used as a familiar term, ex- 
pressive of affection to one considerably 
advanced in life, 8. Bamsay. 


Fr. gallant, Douglai uses gaUandU 
CALLOT, «. A mutch or c«p for a wo* 
man's head, without a border, Ang. 
Fr. calotte, a coif. 
adj. 1. Cool, refreshing; " a caOour 
day,** a cool day, S. Douglas, 

2, Fresb, not in a state of putridity, S., 
BMcailourmeat, calluurfiilt,&c»BclUndeih 

3. Having the plump and rosy appear- 
ance of health, as opposed to a sickly 
look, S. Isl. kalldur, frigidus. 

pintail duck, Anas acuta, Linn. Orkn. 
CALSAY, s. Causeway, street. 

jfcts Ja. VL 


bed, ill humoured, S. Moriton. 

JsL kals-a, ijrider% kalzug^ur, deri- 


CALMES, CAUMS, s, pL U A mould, 

a fl^me, S. ^cts Ja. VL 

2. The small cords through which the 
warp is passed in the loom, S., synon. 

3. In the caulnih m the state of being 
. fnuned w modelled, mettpb. BaUlie. 

Germ, quem^^n, qaadrare; Su.G. be- 

^uaenh Belg. bequaaith fit, meet. 

CALSUTER*D, orf;. ApparenUy for ca/- 

fiUer'd, caulked. Chroru 8. Poet. 

Fr^ calfeutrer, Dan kafatre, to caulk. 

CALVER, t. A cow with calf, S, 

Teut. kalver4:oe, id. 
CAMBIE-LEAF, s. The water-lily, 

Nyrophaea alba et lutea, Linn. S. B. 
CAMDUI, s. A qieciesof trouc Sibbald. 
GaeL caffh crooked, and dulA, black. 
CAMY, CAMOK, a^j. 1. Crooked. 

Maitland Poems. 
2. Metapb. used to denote what is rug- 
ged and unequal. Douglas, 
It, Gael, cam, C B.ilraiii, L. B. cam-us. 
CAMLA-LIKE, atH, Sullen, surly ; A- 
herd. Joum, Lond, 
Isl. kamleit-r, id., tetricus. 
Cambric. ^ctt Ja, VL 


Named from Camhray, in Lat Canut- 
rac-um, in Teut. Camer^jk, 
CAMMON, CAMMOCK, ;. 1. A crook- 
ed stick, S. 

2. Tbe game also called Shinty^ Perths. 
Celt cambaca, id. Bullet. Gael, ca-' 
man^ a hurling-club. 
adj. Hook-nosed. V. Camy. Polwart. 
momile, S. Rou. 
To CAMP, V. n. 1. To contend. V. 
KsMr. MelvUrsMS, 
2. To romp, Loth. 

Germ. ibam;)-en, certare^ 
CAMPERLECKS» s. jtl. Magical Uicks, 
Buchan; synon. Cantraips. 

Perhaps Teut kaemper, a wrestler, 
and lek, play, q. jousts, tournaments. 
CAMPY, «^. l.Bold, brave, heroical; 
Gl. Sibb. 

2. Ill-natured, contentious. Loth. T. 
Camp, v. 
CAMPIOUN, *. A champion. Bellenden. 

Ital. camjnone, id. 
CAMPRULY, adj. Contentious, S.A. 
Isl. kempa, pugil, and rugla^ tur- 
Crooked. Douglas, 

2. Denoting a stem, grim, or distorted 
countenance. Ramsay. 

3. Ill-humoured, contentious, crabbed ; 
Ang. V. Camy. 

CAMSHAUCHEL*D,;«;. 1. Dis- 
torted, awry, S. Nicol. 
2. Angry, cross, quarrelsome, S. 
Cam, crooked, and shackle, q. ▼. 
Froward, perverse, unmanageable, S. 

Germ, kamp, battle, and starrig^ stiff, 
q. obstinate in fight 
CAMSTONE, #. 1. Common compact 
limestone, S. 

2. White clay, indurated ; Loth. 
Teut kalmey-iteen, hipis calaminaris, 
CAMSTRUDGEOUS, at^. The *me 
with Camsteeie ; Fife. 

Isl. kaempe, miles, andi<nifg, animua 

G 2 

CAN ■■ 

To CAN, ». a. To know. Henry tone. 

Teut. konn-en, noscere ; posse. 
Can, Cakk, 5. 1. Skill, knowledge, &B. 


2. Ability, S.B. Rosi> 
CAN, ;;r«^ for 6^11, began. Wallaee* 

rabble. S. Fr. canaille, id. JI i^ico/. 
CANDAVAIG. s. 1. A foul salmon, that 
has lien in firesh water till summer, 
without migrating to the sea ; Ang. 

3. Used as denoting a peculiar species 
of salmon, Aberd. Statist. Ace. 

Gael, ceann, head, and dubhach, a 
black dye. 

distinction conferred, at some grammar 
schools, on him who gives the highest 
gratuity to the rector, at the term of 
Candlemas, S. Statist. Ace. 

CANE, KAIN, CANAGE, 1. A duty 
paid by a tenant to his landlord in 
kind ; as " cane cheese}** " cane fowls, 
&& SL Ramsatf. 

L.B. can*ttfn, canr-a, tribute, from 
Gael ceann, the head. 

To Pay the Cain, To suffer severely in 
any cause, & Ritson. 

To C ANGLE, v. n. To quarrel, to be in 
a state of altercation, S. Ramsay. 

Isl. kiaenkMh arridere. 

Camguno, s. Altercation, S. Z. Boyd. 

CANGLxa, s. A jangler, S. Ramsay, 

ill-conditioned, & Douglas. 

ton grass, Erjophorum vaginatum, Linn. 
S. Gael, cannach, id. Grant. 

CANNA, CANNAE, cannot ; com- 
pounded of can, v., and na or nae, not, 
S. Percy. 

CANNAS, CANNES, s. 1. Any coarse 
cloth, like that of which saib are made, 
S.B. Fr. cannevas, £. caninis. 
S. A coarse sheet used for keeping 

riin from falling to the ground when it 
winnowed by means of a vtecht, S. B. 
Cavkss-brau», s. The breadth of such a 
sheet, S.B. Ross, 


9, Metaph. the |al1s of a ship, S. B. 

Poems Buckan Dial. 

CANNEL, s. Cinnamon. Statist. Ace, 

Fr. cannelle, Teut. Dan. leaned, Isl. 

kanal. Hence, 

Cahnsl-watkas, f. p/. Cinnamon waters, 

CANNELL BAYNE, The coUar4>one. 
Fr. canneau du col, the nape of the 
To CANNEL, v. a. To channel, tocham- 
. fer, S. Fr. cannel-er, id. 

CANNIE, KANNIE, at^, 1. CauUous, 
prudent, S. BaiUie. 

2. Artful, crafty, S. RtUherford, 

3. Attentive, wary, watchful, S. 


4. Frugal, not given to expence, S. 


5. Moderate in enlarges, S. 

6. Useful, beneficial, S. Ross. 

7. Handy, expert at any business ; often 
used in relation to midwifery, S. Forbes. 

8. Gentle, so as not to hurt a sore, S. 

9. Soft, easy, as applied to a state of 
rest, S. Ramsay. 

10. Slow in motion. '* To gang canny" 
to move slowly; " to caw cann^," to 
drive softly; also^ to manage with fru- 
gality, S. Bums, 

11. Soft and easy in motion, S. 

12. Safe, not dangerous. " A canny 
horse,*' one that may be rode with safe- 
ty, S. Bums. 
Ko canny, not safe, dangerous, S. 

Popul. Ball. 
IS. Composed, deliberate; as opposed 
to Jlocktry, throvtther, S. 

1 4. Not hard, not difficult of execution, 
S. Bums. 

15. Easy in situation, snug, comfort- 
able; as " He sits very canny.** <* He 
has a braw canny seat,*' S. Ramsay. 

16. Fortunate, lucky, S. Pennecuik. 

17. Fortunate, used in a superstitious 
sense, S. R. Galloway. 
No canny, not fortunate, applied both 
to things and to persons. Ramsay. 

18. Endowed with knowledge, supposed 


by the rnign to proceed from s preter- 
natural origin; pciasetiing magical skill. 
South of S. TaUs Landl. 

i9. Good, worthy, "Abrawconnyman," 
a pleasant, good-conditioned, or worthy 
™«n, S. Statist. Ace. 

20. Applied to any instrument, it signi- 
fies wcll-fitted, conyenient, S.B. 

% Survey Nairn. 
liA^kiaeiit sciens, prudens; callidus, 
astutus ; kneni, fortis. et prudens; from 
kenn-<i, noscere. 
Cakkie Wot, a midwife, South of S. 

Cankilt, adv, 1. Cautiously, prudently, S. 

2. Moderately, not violently, S. BaiUie. 
5. Easily, so as not to hurt or gall, & 

4. Gently, applied to a horse obeying the 
rein, S. Waverley. 

Canmimks«, f. I. Caution, forbearance, mo- 
deration in conduct; S.- BaiUie. 
2. Crafty management BaiUie. 
Gray, hoary. Lat can-u». Douglat. 
To CANT, V. II. To sing in speaking, to 
repeat after the manner of recitation, S. 
Lat. cant-are, to sing. 
To CANT, V. a. To set a stone on its edge, 
a term used in masonry, S. 
Germ, kant-en, id. 
To CANT, V. n. To ride at a hand-gallop, 

S.B. Canter, S. 
CANT, a4/» Lively, merry, brisk. 


Caktt, adj. Lively, cheerAil ; applied both 

to persons and to things, S. Bums. 

Jr. cainteoch, talkative, prattling; 

Su G. gant-a, ludificare. 

CANTEL, CANTIL, *. Afragment 

Sir Egeir. 

Teut. Jcanteelt pinna, mine, Fr. chan* 

tetf a piece broken off from the comer 

or edge of a thing. 

C^NTEL, s. The crown of the head. 

Loth. Teut kanteel, a battlement. 
CANTEL, s. A juggling trick. ffotOate,, 
L. B. canteU-ator, praestigiator, ma- 


CAMTiLinr, s, iVoperly an Incantation, 
used to denote a trick. Lyndsay. 

Lat eantUen-^, a song. 
charm, a spell, an incantation, S. 

' 2. A trick, a piece of mischief artfully 
or adroitly performed, Sw VTaverley, 
Isl. gan, gand, witchcraft, or kiaen, 
applied to magical arts, and trapp, cal- 
7\> CAP, V. n. To uncover the head, in 
token of obeisance; q. to take off one's 
cap. BaiUie. 

To CAP, v.a. To eicel. Loth. 
Teut kappe, the summit 
CAP, s. A wooden bowl for containing 
meat or drink, S. Ramsay. 

Su. G. koppOf cyephns ; Arab, kab, a 

Hence, perhaps^ 
Cam, The combe of wild bees, & 
To CAP, v.a. 1. To seixe by violence, to 
lay hold of what Is not one's own, S. 

2. To seise vessels in a privateering way. 

5* To entrap, to ensnare. K. Ja* VI. 
Lat cap-ere, Su. G. kipp^, rapere. 
CAPia, s. A pirate ; or one who seiaea Tea- 
sels under a letter of marqne. ColuU. 
Bdg. Sa.G. Dan. kapare, a pirate. 
To CAP, v.a. To direct one's course at 
sea. Douglas. 

Teut ktqte, signvm littorale. 
CAPER, KAPER, «. A piece of oat* 
cake and butter, with a slice of cheese 
on it, Perths. 

Gael, ceapaire, id. 
EANE, f. The mountain cock, Tetrao 
urogallus, Linn. S. BeUenden. 

GlwL capuUeCoiUef id. 
a<y. drabbed, irritable, peevish, S. 

IsL kappe, ccrtamen, and nyi-a uti, q. 
'* one who invites strife." 
CAPES, t. pL I. The grain which re. 
tains the shell, before it is milled. Loth. 

3. The grain which is not sufficiently 


xnaint with part of the grain, Loth« 
3. Flakes of meal which oome from the 
inil!, when the grain has not been tho- 
roughly dried, S. B. Jtfbrifon. 
CAPYL, CAPUL. «. A hone or mare. 
Gad. capuU, Ir. kabbal, CB. keffylf 
Hispi cttoaUo, id. 
CAPITANE, «. Caption, captivity. 

CAPLETNE, f. " A steylle €apUiner 
m small helmet. Wallace* 

Germ. kttepUtn, from kappe, tegumen- 
turn capitis. 
To CAPPER, V. a. 1. To seise ships, to 
go a*priTatcering, Ang. 
S. To catch, to seise, violently to lay 
bold of; used in a general sense, Ang. 
Dan. kapre, to exercise piracy. 
CAPPIT, aty. Crabbed, ill-humoured, 
peevish, 8. Pkiloius* 

Isl kapp, contention, or Flandr. kop^ 
pe, a sfudcr ; as we call aniU<-biunoured 
person an eUercap, & 
CAPREL, f. A caper, as in dancings 

Ft, caprioUt id. Pohcari, 

CAPROWSY, f. A short cloak furnished 
with a hood. Iloergrten* 

Fr. ca/>p0-rosiii, a red coloured cloak. 
To C APSTRIDE, p.o. To drink in place 
of another, to whom it belongs, when the 
vessel is going round a company, & 
£. cap and ttride. 
CAPUL, », A horse. V. Caiti. 
CAR, a4/. Uft, leA-handed. V. Kxa. 
CAR, CA AR, <. A sledge, a hurdle^ & 

Ir. cnrr, id. WaUace* 

CARaGE, s. V. AaAQB. 
CARALYNGIS, $.pL Dancing. Hvuiaie. 

Fr earoU-ert to dance, to rcveL 
CARAMEILE, s. An edible root V. 

1. A necklace, E. carcanei. MaiUand P. 
S« A pendant ornament of the head. 

CARDINAL, f. A long cloak, or mantle, 
worn by women, & Slatitt, Ace. 

To CAR£, v.a. To drive. V. Caia. 


CABE-BED LAIR, A disoonsolato si- 
t<>*tion ; q. ** fying in the bed of eorv,** 
a a Rots, 

cake, baked with eggs, and eaten en 
Tide-day, in the north of S. V. Next 

CARE SONDAY, according to some, 
that immediately preceding Good Fri- 
day, but generally used to signify the 
fifth in Lent, S. V. Cahuvos. JMkndoi- 
Germ, kar, satisfactio, from kmrr'Ot, 
ker-€ih emendare; or Su.G. kaer-a, to 

CARGE. To carge, in charge. Wallace, 
O. Fr. earguer, used as charger. 

CARIE, adj. Soft, fdiable. JTelTy. 

CARYBALD, i. Maiiland Poems. 

Perhaps ftom Fr. ekaraveau, a beetle. 

CARKINING.s. A collar. V.Carcat. 

«. 1. A man, &Bi ; A.& caH, Itlkarl, 
O.Teut. kaerlOf masculua. 

3. Man, as distinguished fiom a boy. 

9. A clown, a boor, & A.Bor. Wyntoum. 
A.S. eeorlt IsL kari, Belg. kasfie, 

4. One who has the manners of a boor. 


5. A strong man. Wallace^ 
Germ, kert, fortiflb corpora robuslo 


6. An old man, & A. Bor. Wyntavn. 
Stt.G. Isl.iaW,id. 

Cabl-cras, s. The male of the Made-claw* 

ed crab, Cancer pagurus, Linn. S. 

CAaL-HKUF, s. The largest stalk of hemp, 

S. A. Bor. 

S. Used metaph. to denote firmness of 

mind. Sums. 

CAKirAOAiK. To play carl^gain, to return 

a blow, to give as much as one receives, 

Carl and Cavku V. Kavcu 
CAnL-DODDix, #. A stalk of rib-grass, S. 

Plantago lanceolate, Linn. 
JDoddie, bald. 


CAtOM, t. A little mao, a dimia. ftom 
eari, & OtlaiuL 

CxtLusBt Caautch, aty, I. Coane, yuU 
gar. A.S. ceorhc, ▼olgaria. Dunbar* 
2. Rude» hanh in mannera. Popnd.BaU. 

Cabuit, f. 1. An old woman, S. FhUohu* 

2. A contemptuous term for a woman, 
although not fiir adTaaoed in liie, S. 


3. A witch, Loth. Twedd. Pennecmk. 

4. The last handful of com cut down in 
harvest-field, when it is not shorn be- 
fore Hallowmas, &B. If before this, 
it is called the Maiden, 

Su.G. kaermg, kaeriing, anna. 

Cabuk-bbatbcb, j. Fine-leaTcd heath, 
Erica cinerea, Linn. S* also called Bell' 

Cabum-spues, t>pL Needle furse or petty 
whin, Genista Anglica, Linn., 8.B. q. 
" the ^urs of an old woman*" 

CABUir-Tsuai« adj. (gatt.) Aa hardy as 
an old woman, S.B. 
Teuch, &, tough. 

CABLING, i. The name of a fish, Fife. ; 
supposed to be the Pogge, Coctns ca- 
laphractus, Linn. 

CABLINGS, «.;i;. Pease Mnlsil or broS- 
ed, Ang. according to Stbb. " pease 
broiled on Core-Sunday.*' • Miiton, 

M£IL> f. Heath pease, a root, & Oro- 
bus tuberosus, Lion. Pennant. 

Gael, cairmeal, id. 

CARNAIL, a4}. Putrid. Wallace. 

Fr. charogneuxt putrified, Aill of car- 
rion, Cotgr. 

CARNELL, s. A heap, a dimin. from 
ootm. Bdlenden. 

Tb CARP, CARPE, v. a. 1. To speak, 
to talk, to relate^ whether verbally, or in 
writing. Wyntown. 

O.E. id. P. Ploughntan. 

9. To sing. Minttrelty Border. 

LaL earpot-ere, to cull. 

CAKTmOfi. Narration. O.E. id. V. thee. 

CARRALLES, i. pi. Carols, or songs, 
sung within and about kirks, on certain 
days ; prohibited by act of Parliament 
V. Cakalynois and Gtsak. Acts Jo. VI. 


CAiOL-Kwnr, ». Tlie name given, Perths. 
to the last night of the year ; because 
young people go from door to door sing- 
ing coro^ fin- which they get small 
cakes in return. 

gar name for a catechism ; more com- 
monly in pi. earitches, S. Magopico. 
2. Used somewhat metaph. Ferguson. 

CARRY, «. A term used to express the 
motion of the ckmds before the wind, 


CARSE, KERSS» s. Low and fertile 
land, generally, that which is adjacent 
to a river, as the Corse tf Gawrie, the 
Corse rf Stirling, &c S. Bai^our. 

So. G. kuerr and Isl. lior, kaer, bodi 
signify a marsh. 
Corje is sometimes used as an adj. 

Lord HaOes. 
CARTAGE, f. Apparently for carcase. 

CARTE, f* A chariot, especially one used 
in war. 

Chaucer, carte, id. Ir« coiri, CB. 
heHuyUi A. S. craet, id. 
CARTIL, s. A cart-load, Ang. ; pertiapa 

contr. from eort soidJtU otJvU. 
CARTOW, s. A great cannon, a batter, 
ing i^eceb SpaWng. 

Teut kartouwe, id. 
CARUEL, K£RVEL» t. A kind of 
ship. Douglas. 

Fr. earaedZr, id. Tent, kareveel. His^ 
carotiebi, IsL kaff. 
CASCHET, CASHET, t. The^ri- 
mile of the king's superscription. 

JeUJa. ri. 

From Fr. codk^t, a seaL This term 

has the samesignification with caschett B. 

CASEABLE, adj. Natofally belonging 

to a particular situation or case. BaUlie. 

To CASS» V. a. To make void, to annul 

Acts Jo. IV. 

Fir. cass^er, id* I«.B. easS'Ore, irri- 

tnm reddere. 

CASSk $. 1. Chance, accident, O. £. id. 

2. Work, business. Barbour. 

Fr. ens, natter, fact, deed. 


CASSIE^ CAZZIE, j. 1. A sort of bM- 
ket made of itraw, S.B. Bramdm 

It is also written com. 
S. Used in Orknej instead of a com 
riddle. SUMtiU* Aec. 

Teut. kaiu^ capsa, dsta, Fr. coms, 
Ital. coMo, L.B. cdua, id. Su.G. Aom^, 
reticuluDii in quo pisces portantur, &c. 

CAST, <. 1. A twtit, a contortion, as, BU 
neck has gottena catt, orawrang cast, & 
2. Opportunity, chance, S. 
9. A turn, an event of any kind, S. Ross> 

4. Lot, fate. Hamilton. 

5. Aim, object in view. JDovgUu. 

6. Subtle contriTance> wile, stratagem. 


7. Facility in performing any manual 
work, such especially as requires inge- 
nuity or ezpertness, S. JDouglat. 

8. Legerdemain, sleight of hand. 


9. Hie effect of ingenuity, as manifest- 
ed in Uteraiy worics. Douglas. 

C.B. cast signifies a trick, techna; 
8u.G. koMi, modus agendi. 
CAST, s. 1. A dbtrkt, a tract of coon- 
try. S. 

2. That particular oooiae in #hich one 
travels, S. Moss. 

CAST, s. J east of herrings, haddocks, 
oysteiv, &c., four in number, S. 

Su. G. kasl^a, to cast, to throw. Eu 
hast sill, quatemio halecum. 
To CAST, V. a. To use, to propose, to 
bring forth. " To casi essonyies,*' 
LL.S. to ezhibtt eicuses. 
Su. G. kast-4Xt mittere. 
To CAST a clod between persons^ to wi- 
den the breach between them, S. B. Rou. 
To CAST a stone at one, to renounce all 

connexion with ope, S. 
To CAST OUT, V. n. To quarrel, S. 


To CAST ur, v. a. To throw any thing in 

one's teeth, to upbraid one with a thing, 

S. Ross. 

To CAST cp; 9. n. V. UrcAniKo. 

To CAST WoEBs, to quarrel, S.B. 

Su.G. ordkast^t to quvrd. 


CAST£LWART» s. The keqwr of a 

castle. WsfHtown. 

From eastU and ward. 


The core or pith of a stalk of colewort 

or cabbage; ofken kaO-Hastockt & 

Journal Land. 
Belg. keeu, medulla, cor, matrix ar- 
boris, the pith. 
CAT and CLAY, the materials of which 
a mud-wall is constructed, in many parte 
of S. Straw and clay are well wrought 
together, and being formed into pretty 
large rolls, are laid between the differ- 
ent wooden poste by means of which the 
wall is formed, and carefully prassed 
down so as to incorporate with each o- 
ther, or with the twigs that are some- 
times plaited from one post to another, S. 
CAT and DOG, the name of an ancient 
sport, S. 

It seems to be an early form of Cric» 
CATBAND, s. The name given to tlie 
strong hook used on the inside of a door 
or gate, which being fixed to the wall, 
keeps it shut. Mt Ssdt. 

G^na^kette, a chain, and band. 
CATCHY, adj. Disposed to take the ad- 
vantage of another, S. from the £• v. 
catch 4 
CATCHROGUE, s. Cleavers or goosc- 
gms, an herb» S. Galium aparine, 
an herii, S. Lotus oomiculatus, Linn. 
" Named from some iancif ul resem* 
blance it.has to a cat (cafs) or a bird*s 
foot " Rudd. Dan. kaUe-doe, a cat*a 
claw or clutch. 
To CATE, CAIT, v. n. To desire the 
male or female ; a terra strictly applied 
to cats only. V. Caiqe, Caioix. Colvil. 
Su. G. kaat, salax, lascivus, kaeit^ias, 
CATECHIS, s. A catechism. 

jibp. Hamiltoun. 

CATER, f. Money, S.B. q. what is ca.^ 

tered, V. Catoux, Shirrtfs. 




Bands of robbers, especially such as 
came down from the Highlands to the 
low country, and carried oiF cattle, com, 
or whatever pleased them, from those 
who were not able to make resistance, S. 
XaUtine, KeUrin. Stat. Rob. II. 

Jr. eeaihamach, a soldier, ceatharb, a 

CAT-FISH, SEA-CAT, t. The Sea- 
wolf, S. Anarhicas lupus, Linn. Sw. 
hqf4tai, i. e. sea^^at. SUAald. 

CAT-GUT, *. Fucus filum, Orkn. 


CAT-HARROW, j. " They draw the 
Cat Barrow i that is, they thwart one 
another." Lyndtay. 

CATHEL-NAIL, «. The nail by which 
the body of a cart is fastened to the axle- 
tree, Fifek 

CATINE, «. Poltpart. 

CATM AW, t. " To tumble the catmaw,*' 
to go topsy-turvy, to tumble, S. B. 

CATOUR, s. A caterer, a provider. 

O.Teut kaier, ocoonomus. V. Ka- 


CAT-SILLER, s. The mica of minera^ 
legists, S. ; the katxen sUber of the vul- 
gar in Germanyt 
CATTER, CATERR, *. Catarrh. 

CATTLE-RAIK, $. A common, or ex- 
tensive pasture, where cattle feed at 
large, S. V. Raiz. 

From eatilct and raik, to range. 
CATWITTIT, a4i. Harebrained, unset- 
tled, q. having the witt of a cat, S. 
To CAUCHT, V. a. To catch, to grasp. 
Formed from the pret of catch. 
To CAVE, KEVE, v. a. 1. To push, to 
drive backward and forward, & 
2. To toss. " To cave the head,** to 
toss it in a haughty or awkward way, S. 
To Cave over, v. n. To fall over suddenly, 
S. MelviU't MS. 

Cavz, 5. I. a strt^a^ a push, S. 
2. A toss. 


Isl. akafr, cum impetu, vehementer. 
To Cavx, v. a. 1. To separate grain from 
the broken straw, after threshing, S.B. 
2. To separate corn from the chaff, S. A. 
Teut kav'-en, eveotilare palcas ; or the 
▼. both as signifyiog to toss, and to se- 
parate, may be viewed as the same with 
Isl. kqf-a volutare ; kafa i heya, to toss, 
ted, or cave hay. 
KEVIL, «. 1. Expl. « a rod, a pole, a 
long staff." Chr.ITtrk. 

Su.G.Ara/{f,pertica, bacillus; Germ. 
keule, a club. 

S. A lot, S. keul, S.A. Hence, "to 
cast cavels," to cast lots. Cavel, id. 
Northumb. WaUaee. 

S. By Rudd. caviUis is not only trans- 
lated lots, but ** responses of oracles." 


A, State appointed, allotment in Provi- 

dence, S.B. Ross. 

5. A division or share of property, as 

being originally determined by lot, S. B. 

Law Case. 

Su.G. Isl. kafte^ which primarily 

means a rod, is transferred to a lot in 

general. Teut kavel, a lot, kavel^n, to 

cast lots. 

To Cavxll, v. a. To divide by lot, S.B. 

Law Case. 
CAVIE, $. A hencoop, S. J. Nicol. 

Teut kevie, id. aviarium, Lat cavea. 
CAUIS, 5. posing. Falls suddenly over. 

V. Cavx over, v. Douglas. 

CAUITS, Apparently, cat-calls. 

From S. caw, to calL Henrysone. 
CAULD, i. A dam-head, S.A. 

Lay Last Minstrel. 
Teut kade, a small bank. 
CAULD BARK, " To lie in the cauld 
bark," to be dead, S.B. Rosil 

Perhaps a corr. of A. S. beorg, sepul- 
chre, q. cold grave. 
CAULER, a({f. Cool. V. Callour. 
CAULMES. V. Calmes. 
PEIS, s. An exaction made by a supe- 
rior, especially by the Head of a clan, 
on his tenants and other dependants^ 


fyr malDtemmcft and prottction, under 
the name of a benevolence. Hiu was 
generally the best hone, oz or oow the 
icteiner had in his poss e ssion. 

IsL kaup denotes a gift; Su. G. hep-^, 

CAUPONA, £xpl. ** a saUor's cheer in 
heaving the anchor.'* Csmplaynt S. 
Fr. d un coup, at once, altogether. 

CAUSEY, CAUSA Y, *. A street, a 

Teut kauUije, id. Dtmglas. 

To keep the anaey, or, the crown of the 

cavsey, to appear openly, to appear with 

credit and respectability. Rutherford. 

Causxt-Cloaths, *. pi. Dress in which 
one may appear in public, S. BaUUe. 

Causxt-Facx]>, adj. One who may appear 
in public without blushing, S. B. 

Cai^y-Paixer, *. A street walker. V. 

Causkt-Tales, f* pL Common new% q. 
street news. S* 

CAURE, Calves ; the pi. of caiff, a calf. 
It is commonly used in the West of SL 
Popular Baa. 
1 am assured that the word is the 
same in Norway.^^hc, id. 

CAUTIONER, 9. A surety, a sponsor, S. 
a forensic term. AetsJa. V. 

To CAW, ». a. To drive. V. Call. 

CAWK, u Chalk, S. CarOk, A.Bor. 


A.S. cedc^ Alem. cole, Dan. Belg. 

hdUk, Isl. hdk^ C. B. ca/cA, Lat. calx, id. 

CAWKER, «. 1. The hinder part of a 
hOrse*s shoe sharpened, and pointed 
downwards, to prevent the horse from 
sliding. S. 

S. Metaph. a dram, a glass of ardent 
q>irits, S. 

Isl. ketkr^ recurvus, k^k^a^ recurvi ; 
as referring to the form of the caulker. 

CAWLIE. t. A contemptuous name for 
a man, S. ; pron. like E. cowL Cleland. 

CAZARD, s. Apparently, an emperor, or 
Caesar ; as the latter is sometimes writ- 
ten Cater. Chron.S,Poet. 

CAZZIE, s. A sort of sack or net made 
of straw, S.B. V. Cassiv. 


T» CEIRS^ SERS, v. a. To aeaidi. 

FV. cherch-er, Ital. cerc^are, id. 
CELICALL, at(f. Heavenly, celestial. 

CENCR ASTUS, f . A aeipent of a gfcen- 
ish colour, having its spedcled belly co- 
vered with i^wts resembling mOlet- 
•eeds. iro/joft's CUT. 

Fr. eenehriUf Lat cendwMt, id. 
CEST, CESSIT,/>r0t. Seised. ITattaee. 
CH. Words, of Goth, origin, whether 8 or 
£., beginning with cA, sounded hard, 
are to be traced to those in the Germ, 
or Northern languages that have A, and 
in A.S. c, which has the same power 
with A. 
To CHACK, e. n. To cUuJCt to make a 
clinking noise, S. Cldamd^ 

To CHACK, r. a. To cut or bruise any 
part of the body by a sudden stroke ; as 
when the sash of a window falls on the 
fingers, S. 

E. check. Teut. Aoet-ai, kA^en, in- 
crcpare; synon. S.B. Chatf q.v. 
CHACK, CHATT, $. A slight repeal 
taken hastily, S. 

Q. a check for hunger. 
CHACK. CHECK, s. The Wheat-ear, a 
bird, Orkn. Motactlla oenanthe^ Linn. 
V. Stakx-Chackxk. Barry. 

Nearly the same with the last part of 
its Germ, name, stein tchwaker. 
CHACKARALLY, <. Apparently some 
kind of checkered or variegated doth. 
WaUonU Coll. 
man's buff. Bp. Forbes. 

Jockie-llind-'nuin, Angus, id. 
CHACKLOWRIE, j. Mashed cabbage, 

mixed amongst barley-broth, Abeid. 
CHAD, i. Gravel, such small stones aa 
form the bed of a river, S. B. 
Teut. kade, litus, oni. 
Chaddv, aty. Gravelly; as, chaddy ground, 
that which chiefly consists of gravel, S. 
TV CHAFF, V, 71. To chatter, to be lo- 
quacious. Loth. 

Teut. keff-euy gannire, latrare. 
CH AFTIS, CHAFTS, *. jil. Chops S. 


A. Bor. chqfts. Pebli$ to the Phy. 

8u.G. kiaeft, kaeft, Isl. kiqft-ur, this 

jaw-bone. A. Bor. ekiffUf ck^fth id. 

Hence also £. chops, 
Cbait-Bladx, t. The jaw-bone, S. 
Cuatt-Taucs. TaUuog, prattling^ Aberd. 

hem chqft and talk» 

Poems Buckan Biai* 
T0 CHAIPE, 9. ». To eMape. Wallace. 

Fr. esekepp^erf Ital. scapp-are, id. 
CHA I PES, CHAPIS,«.|)/. Price, rate, 

astabliabcd t aloe of goods. Jets Jo. /. 
A.S. empt price; from eeap-^m, to 

To CHAISTIFIE, p. a. To ebastise. 

To CH AK, V. a. To check. ITallaee. 

Cbak, s. The act of checking, stop. V. 

To CH AK, V. n. 1. To gnash, to match 

at an object with the chops, as a dog 

does, S. Douglas, 

S. It expresses the sharp sound made by 

any iron substance, when entering into 

ito socket; to clkk, a 

3. To chak to, to shut with a sharp sound. 


CHAKIL, J. The wrist. V. Sbackib- 

BoNx. WatsofCs Coll. 

CHALANDRIE, s. Probably, imita- 

tions of singing birds. Buret. 

FV. ealandre» a species of lark. 

nsDie given in the Orkney Islands to 

the Sea-pie, Hoematopus ostralegus, 

Linn. Statist. Aec. 

Ifil. tialldur, id. Pennant*s Zool. 
CHALMER, ». Chamber. Douglai. 

CuALMKR-GLrw. s. ** Chambering, secret 

wantonness," 01. Sibb. V. Glxw. 
CH ALOUS, Sir Gawan and Sir GaL i. 

II. V. Cbolli. 
CHAMBERERE, «. A chamberiain. 

Fr. chamMer, id. £ing*s Quair. 

CHAMBRADEESE, f. A parlour; a 

name still used by some old people, 

Fife^ V. Deis. 

Fr. ekamhre au dais, a chamber with 

a canopy. 
To CHAMP, r. a. To cfaop^ to mash, S. 


(^omp, Lancash., to cut things small. 
Germ. Belg. kapp-en, id. Gotlscrqft. 
CHAMPIT, a4f. Having raised figures* 
imbossed, diapered. Police of Honour. 
TeuUschamp^en, radere, scalpere. 
CHANCY, a4f, I. Fortunate, b^py» S. 
Fr. ehanceauxt id. 
'S. Foreboding good fortune, 6. Any per- 
son or thing viewed as inau^cious, ia 
said to be no chancy, S. Ross* 

dlestick, S. Bamsay. 
Fr. ckondelier, a branch for holding 
candles, used obliquely. Grose men- 
tioos chaundler. 
Ckanlxr*Cuaftko, a4f. Lantern-jawed; 
having chops like a chandler or candle- 
dlestick, Sb B. Journal Land. 
CHANNEL, s. Gmvel, & (^non. chad) 
periiaps from channel, the bed of a river. 


Chamncllt. oc[;. Gravelly, S. Statist. Aec 
To CH ANNER, v. n. To fret, to be in a 
chiding humour, S. Minttrelsy Border. 
CHANGS, adj. Gray. V. Canois. 

CHANTERIS, s. pi. Laics endowed 
with ecclesiastical beneficesL 

Bannatyne Poems. 
CHAP, s. A fellow; a contemptuous 
term; sometimes chappie, or ** little 
chap,** S. Bums* 

2. Like chidd, it is also applied to a fe^* 
male, S.B. Boss. 

Su. G. kacps, keipSf kaebs, homo ser-- 
vilis conditionis. 
To CHAP, V. a. 1. To strike with a ham- 
mer, or any instrument of similar use, 8. 
Teut.kapp-en, inddere; Belg.«cAtf/>/i- 
en, to strike. SeweL 
To Chaf hands, to strike hand% cspe^ 
dally in concluding a bafgain, S. 
S. To chop, to cut into small pieces, S. 
Teut kapp'Cn, consdndere minu- 

To Chap aff, to strike o£ 
Sn.G. kappHh to amputate. 
To Cbap, v.n.1. To strike; "the knock's 
chappin,** the clock strikes, & 


2. 7\> chap at a door, to knocks tontp, S. 

Sir Egeir, 

Crap, Chaup, Choppi, i. A stroke of any 

kind, a blow, S. Bum$. 

Teut.Ai/1, ictus; Moes.G. kai/tpat-jan, 

colaphos ingerere. 

S. A tap or rap, S. Minstrelsy Border, 
Z. Boyd uses ehojtpe in the same sense. 
Chappikg-Sticks, <. Any instrument which 
one uses for striking with, S. XieUy, 
v. a. 1 . To fix upon any person or thing 
by selection, S. Hence the phrase, 
Chap ye, chuBe ye. Ramsay. 

2. Suddenly to embrace a proposal made 
in order to a bargain ; to hold one at 
the terms mentioned, S. 

Belg. ittjp/>-«n, to choose; which seems 

only a secondary sense of the ▼. in Teut. 

as signifying to lay hold of. 

Cmap, s. The act of choosing; Chap and 

choice, great variety, S. B. Ross. 

CHAP, s. A shop. Many. 

CHAPIN, s. Chopin, a quart, S. 

CHAPYT. V. Chaipk. 
CHAPMAN, s. A pedlar, a hawker, a, 
a merchant, O.E. Statist. Ace. 

A. S. ceajmian, Sw. koepman, a mer- 
CHAR, 5. Carriages. Barbour. 

Fr. char, a waggon, a car. 
7*0 CHAR, V. a< 1. To stop. Dotiglas. 
0. To char by, to turn aside. Douglas. 
A.S. cerr-an, to turn, to turn from, 
CHAR. On char, to a side. Douglas. 
A. S.cerrt, turning, bending, winding. 
To CHAR. Chardoute. Perhaps, *< mur- 
mur distrust** Barbour. 
A.S. cear4an, to complain, to mur- 
CIIARBUKILL, i. 1. A cari>uncle. 


2. An ulcer. PoluHtrt. 

Fr. escarboucle, carboucle, the pesti- 

' lent botch or sore, termed a carbunde. 

CHA RD, pret. V. Cmsa. 

C H A R E, s. A chariot Douglas. 

Fr. char, id. 


CHARE, s. Care, charge. Bass. 

Like £. charie, from A.S. ear, can, 
or cearig, solidtus. 
CHARGER s.j»l. Rents. 

Buik rf Discipline. 
Fr. charge, pension, rente. 
s. the constellation Ursa Mq}or, also 
called the Plough, S. Douglas. 

A.& caHeaswagn, Su.G. Icarlwagn, 
Dan. ketrlvogn. 
hinges used for massy doors or gates, 
rireted, and often baring a plate, on 
each side of the gate» & centre-hinges, 
E. Wallace. 

Fr. chamiere, a hinge, a turning joint 
CHARRia V. Chak, v. 
BOWE, J. Poppy. 

Complaynt S. Douglas. 

CHASE, s. Brak a chase, perhaps, begun 

a pursuit JTmar. 

CHASa s. Case, condition. ITaUace. 

To CHASTT, V.O. To cbastiae, to oor- 

'ect . Barbour. 

Fr. chasti'Cr, id. 

To CHAT, v.a. To bruise slightly, a; 

synon. chack. 
CHAT THE, « Hang thyself ;•• Rudd. 
CH AUDMELLE^ s. A sudden broU or 
quarrel. Skene. 

Fr. chaude, hot, and mesUe, meUe, 
CHAUD-PEECE, s. Gonorrhoea. 

Fr. chaude-pisse, id. Folwart. 

To CHAW, 0. a. To fret, to gnaw. 

2. To proToke, to vex, S. 

O. F. chaloir, to put in pain. 
CHEATa CHI ra s. The sweet-bread. 
Chits and nears^ a common dish in S. i e. 
kidneys and sweet-breads. 

ITaCson** ColL 

CHECK, «. A bird. V. Chack. 

CHEEK-BLADE, s. The ched^-bone, 

a Odand. 

CHEESE-HAKE, s. A frame for drying 

cheeses when newly made^ a V. Hakjl 


CHEESE-RACK, i. The same with 
Ckeete'kake, S. Ferguson. 

To CHEIM, V. a. To dmde equally ; espe- 
cially io cutting down the backbone of 
an animal, S. B. 

Apparently corr. from the £. ▼. chine, 
used in the same senses from chine, the 
backbone. Fr. eschm-er, id. 
3\» CHEIP, CHEPE, v.n. 1. To peep, 
to chirp, as young birds in the nest, S. 
Cheqje, O. E. Compiaynt S. 

2. To squeak with a shrill and feeble 
voice, S. Godscrfjft. 

S. To mutter; applied meuph. to man, 
S. Bannaiyne Poems. 

4. To creak, S. 

Isl. keyp-Ot Tagire puerorum; keipar, 
pueronim vagitus. 
Cuixr, s. This admits of the same various 

significations as the v. & 
Cbeipse, s. The cricket, an insect ; deno- 
minated ftom the noise it makes, Loth. 
To CHEIPS, V. o. To buy or sell. 

MaUUmd Poems. 

A. S. cAip-an, emere, vendere. 


1 . To choose. Fordun. 

t. To appoint ; used in an oblique sense. 

Sir Trittrem. 

Moes. G* kes-an, A. & ceos^an, Belg. 

kus'Cn, Su. G. kes^Ot id. Chauc. chese. 

CHEITRES, Dunbar, Maitland Poems, 

p. 48. read ehekis. 

CHEK, s. 1. Cheek. Douglas. 

S. The post of a gate. Douglas. 

CHEKER, CHECKER, s. The ezche- 

quer. Stat. Rob. HI. 

CHELIDERECT, s. A kind of serpent 

¥t, ehelydre, Lat chdydrus, id. 
CHEMAGE'. V. Chihts. WaUace. 
Chemes hie, L e. high dwelling, seems 
the true reading. 
CHEMER, s. A loose upper garment 

V. Chtmovk. J3arbour. 

CHYMIS, i. A chief dwelUng ; as the 
manor-house of a landed proprietor, or 
the palace of a prince. Baron Courts. 
O.Fr. chffmex, chefn^is» the chief 


mansion-house on an estate ; L. B. co- 
put mansi, 
CHENYIE, CHENYE', *. A chain. 

Complaynt S. 

CHENN0NI8, $. pL Canons belonging 

to a cathedral. Houlate. 

To CHEPE, V. n. To chirp. V. Chkif. 

CHESBOW,*. The poppy. V. CnAsaoL. 

To CHESE, V. a. To choose. V. Ciuus. 

CHESYBIL, s. An ecclesiastical dress, 

O.E. chesuble, a short vestment with- 

out sleeres. Wyntown. 

L.B. casubla, Fr. casuble, id. a little 


CHESS* «. The frame of wood for a win- 

dow, a sash, S. Fr. chassis, id. 
To CHESSOUN, v. a. To subject to 
blame, to accuse. Priests qfPeblis, 
Fr. acAotfonn-er, id. 
accusation, exception. Priests of PeUis. 
Fr. achoison, accusation. 
CHESTER, i. The name given to a cir. 
cular fortification in some paru of S. 
Statist, Ace. 
Lat. caaira^ adopted into A. S. in the 
form ofceaster, a fort, a castle. 
CHESWELL, 5. A cheese-vat. £eUy. 
CHEVERON, s. Armour for a horse's 
head. Sir Gawan and Sir GaL 

L.B. chamfrenum, Du Cange; Fr. 
chanfrain, chanfrein. 
CHEVIN, part. pa. Succeeded, prosper- 
ed. Maitland Poems'. 

Fr. chevir, to obtain, also to make an 
CHEWAL, a4j. Distorted. V. Suxvbl 
and Showl. Dunbar. 

CHEWALRY, s. 1. Men in arms, of 
whatever rank. Barbour, 

2. Courage, prowess in arms., Barbour, 
Fr. chevakrie, knighthood, transfer- 
red to armed men without distinction. 
It also signifieaiprowess. 
Chbwalbous, adj. Brave, galUnt Barbour. 
O. Fr. chevaleurewc, illustris, nobilis. 
CHBWAUIU8I.T, adv. Bravely, gallantly. 


To CHEWYS, V. a. To compass, to a- 

cliicTC, to^accpiDpli^b. Barbour. 


CHKftraAVCM, CbkwviamIi #. Acquire* 
mvdt, proviaioiit meaoB of mrtwiance. 
To CHICK, o. ft. To nuke a dicking 
noiae, as a watch does, S. 

Teut lack' en, mutiny minimain vo- 
ceni edere* 
CHICKENWORT, #. Odckwecd, S. 
Alsine media, Liim. From diicken 
and foortt an herb. 
CHIEL, CHIELD, #. 1. A servant 
Oiainber-cheUf a servant who waits in a 
gentleman's chamber, a valet. 

So. G. hdU, a boy, kuUa, a girl, kul- 
le, offspring. Or Child, q. v. corr. ftom 
O.E. pronounced by the common peo- 
ple in E. Chald or Chedd» 

2. A fellow, used either in a good or 
bad sense, although more commonly as 
expressive of dlsrepect, & Bamsay. 

3. A stripling, a young man, S. It is 
applied indifferently to a young man or 
woman, S.B. Bou» 

4. An appellation expressive of fond- 
ness, S.B. Rots, 

To CHIER, CHEIR, v. a. To cut, to 

wound. Chr, Kirk, 

A. S. tcear^n^ tcer-nn, tondere. 

Chard, which occurs in the same stanza, 

seems to be the pret. of the v. 

CHI£R£,i. Chair. Xing*t Quair. 

CHILD, CHYLD, #. A servant, a page, 

In O. E^ a youth, espedally one of high 
birth, before he was advanced to the 
honour of knighthood. 

A. S. did ; like L. infantt Fr. enfant, 
Hisp. infant, tranferred to the heir ap- 
parent of a sovereign. 
Cbildxr, pi Children, S. Lancash. 

A.S. didru, puerL Wallace, 

CHILD-ILL, 5. Labour, puns of child- 
bearing. ^ Barbour, 
CHYMES, t. A chief dwelUng. V. 

CHYMOUR, CHncxm s, A light gown, 
£. cjfmar. MaUland Poems, 

Fr. cbamarret a loose and light gowo. 
ItaL ciamare, Bclg. sanutrt. 


CHIMNEY, CHIMLEY. t. A grate, S. 
Burrow Lowes, 
Com. tschimblat » chimney. 

Chimlxt-bkacb, s The mantle^piece, S. 

Crimla-lug, s. The fire-side, S. 

CHINE, s. The end of a ban«l, or that 
part of the staves which projects beyond 
the head, 8, AcU Cha, I, 

IsL kanit prominula pars rei, that part 
of a thing that projects, also rostrum, 
Haldorson. Chine, however, may be 
corr. from E. chime, chimbs id, espe- 
cially as Teut. heme, and kimme, signi- 
fy margo vasis; and Su.G. kita, extre- 
mum dolii. 

CHINGLE, s. Gravel, & V. Chaknxl. 
Statist, Ace, 

Chikoilt, a^j. Gravelly, S. Statist Ace, 

To CHIP, CHYP, V, n, 1. Abiid is said 
to be chipping, when it cracks the shell. 
A. Bor. id. 

S. To break forth from a shell or calix, 
applied to flowers, also to grain when it 
begins to germinate, S. Douglas, 

5. Metaph. applied to the preparation 
necessary to the flight of a person. 

Minstrelsy Border, 

4. IVantferrcd to a woman who ia in 
the early state of pregnancy, S. 

5. It is applied to ale when it begins to 
flnrment in the working vat, S. O. 

Belg. kipp*en, to hatch, todiadosew 
CHYRE, J. Cheer, enteruinroent. 

V, n, Im To make a grating noise, S. 

Popular BalL 
To chirk with the teeth, also actively, io 
chirk the teeth, to rub them against each 
other, S. 

2, Used to denote ** the noise nude by 
the feet when the shoes are full of vra- 
ter," S. Samsay, 

A.S. cearc'ian, crepiure, stridere, to 
gnash, to creak ; Chaucer, to cAtrAe. 
To CHIRME, «. n. 1. Used to denote 
the moumfnl sound emitted by birds, 
especially when collected together before 
a storm, & Dougfas, 

S. To chifp^ without necessarily im- 


pljiog tke idnof amekncboly note* S. 
5. To be pceTish, to be habitually com- 
plaioiDg, & 

Belg. kfrm-en, lamcntaii, qttiritari» 
Id. Jarmr, vox avium, garritus. 
CitnuE, s. Note, applied to birds. 


To CHIRT, V. a. 1. To squeeze, to press 

out, S. Douglas. 

2. To act in a griping manner ; also, to 

squeeze or practise extortion, S. 

CHIT, «. A small bit of bread, or of any 

kind of food, S. 
2b CHITTER, V. n, 1. To shiver, to 
tremble, & Hamsay. 

. 2. To chatter. The teeth are said to 
chiller, when they strike against each 
other, S. 

Teut. tsilter-en, Germ, sckult^em, to 
CHITTER-LILUNG, j. An oppro- 
brious term. Dunbar. 
Perhaps the same as E. chitierlln, the 
To CHIZZEL, V. a. To cheat, to act de- 
ceitfully, S.B. Chouse, £. 

Belg. kweezel-en, to act hypocriti- 
CHOKKEIS, pronounced ckouks, s,pl. 
The jaws, properly the glandular parts 
imder the jaw-bones, S. V. Cbukis. 

IsL kalke, kialke, maxilla, the jaws* 
iuok, gula, faux bruti. 
Chok-vaiid, s. The small strip of leather 
by which a bridle is fkstened around the 
jaws of » horse, S. 
CHOL, CHOW, 5. The jole or jowl. 

A.S. ceole, faucis, ceolas, fauces, the 
Cheek Jor chow, S. cheek by jole. 

A double-chin, S. Journal Lond. 

CHOLLE, s. Peihaps the chough. 

Sir Gawan and Sir Gal* 
3VCH0RK. V. CmAK. 


To CHORP, V. ft. To emit a creaking 

sound, liOtb. 
C H OSS, «. Choice. Barbour. 

CHOUKS. V. Chokjus. 
CHOW, *. ThejowL V. Choi- 
CHOWPIS,prrt.p. Chops about. 

CHOWS, A smaller kind of coal, 
much used in foiges, S. ; perhaps from 
Fr. cAoM, the general name of coaL 

Statist, Ace. 
chow feebly, as a child, or an old per- 
son does, S. 

Iel.jodla, infirmiter mandere. 
CHRYSTISMESS> s. Christmas. 

CHUCKIE, s. A low or cant term for a 

hen, S. Belg. kuyken, a chicken. 
Chuckib- Stank, <. 1. A small pebble, & 
Teut. keyketit a small flint; if not 
iVom the circumstance of such stones 
being swallowed by domestic fowls. 
2. A gamoi used by girls, in tossing up, 
and catching pebbles as they fall, is call- 
ed the Chuckte^siants. 
CHUF, 5. Clown. Maitland P&ems, 

Evidently the same with Cttfi, q. ▼. 
CHUK, s. Asellus marinus. Sibbald. 

CHUKIS, Apparently, a swelling of 
the jaws. Gl. ComplaynU 

A.S. ceacena twyle, faudum tumor. 
CHUM, s. Food, provision for the belly, 

Clydes. Scaff, synon. 
CIETEZOUR, s. A dtiaen. BOleuden. 
CTGONIE, s. The stork. Burel. 

Fr. cicogne, id. 
*CYNDIRE, i. A term denoting ten swine. 
Forrest Lowe. 
To CIRCUMJACS; v. n. Tocorrespond 

with, W. Loth. 
CYSTEWS» Cistertian monks; Fr. 
Cistaws. Wyntown. 

CITH ARIST, 5. The harp. ffoulate. 
CITHOLIS, s, A musical instrument 


L. B. citola, Fr. cilole, an instrument 

with cords. 

CLAAICK, CLAWICK, #. Theautum- 

nal feast, or hanrest-home> Aberd. ; sy- 


tum,UaMden. When the haweit ift early 
finished, it is called the Maiden CUudck s 
when late, the Carlin Claaidc* 

small TiUage, bofdering on the High- 
lands, in which there is a parish-church, 
S. Elsewhere, it is called the kirk-town. 
Acta Jo, Vh 
From Gael, dachan^ " a cirde of 
stones ;** as churches were erected in the 
same places, which, in times of heathen- 
ism, had been consecrated to Druidical 

CLACK, *. The clapper of a mill, S. 
Teut Utuk^ sonora percussio. 

CLA ES, /)/. Clothes. V. Claith. 

CLAG, CLAGG, 5. 1. An incumbrance, 
a burden lying on property ; a forensic 
term, S. DalUu, 

S. Chaige, impeachment of character ; 
fault, or imputation of one, S. Bkton, 
Teut. ^/<^Ae, accuaatio; Dan. A/ojt, 
a complaint, a grievance. Or perhaps 
rather from the same origin with £. 
cfof ; q* what lies as a t^ on an estate. 

To CLAG, V. o. To clog by adhesion. & 
Dan.iUa^, viscous, glutinous, sticky; 
Isl. kleggi^ massa compacta. 

C1.A6GT, a^. Unctuous, adhesive, bespot* 
ted with mire, S. V. the v. 

Claggock, s. " a dirty wench," Gl. Sibb. 


or tribe of people living in the same dis* 

trict Wyntofwn* 

Gael., Ir. cZatt, id. Moes. G. Idahaim^ 

diildren. • 

CLAYIS» «. pL Clothes, S. V. Claith. 

Te CLA IK, v. n. 1. To make a clucking 
noise, as a hen does, especially when 
provoked, S. 

2. To cry incessantly, and impatiently, 
for any thing, & 

9. To talk a great deal in a trivial way, 
& ; to clacks E. 
4. To tattle, to report silly stories, S. 

IsL Uak^a, dango, avium vox pro- 
pria; klack-a, to pratde; Su,G* Uaek, 


CtAXK, s. 1. The noise made by a hen, S. 
Isl. klak, vox ftvium. 
2. An idle or false report ; S. Morison* 
CLAIK, CLAKE, i Tbebemacle; A- 
, nas erythropus (mas) Linn. Bettenden. 
It seems to have been supposed, that 
this goose received its name from its 
daik, or the noise which it makes. 
CLAIR, a^j, 1. Distinct, exact, S.B. 

Fr,clair, evident, manifest, Lat clar- 

2. Ready, prepared, S,B. dar, Orkn. 
Dan. klar, id. Penneeuik, 

7o CLAIR, v.a« To beat, to maltreat. 

CUarings is used metaph. both for scold« 
ing, and for beating, Clydes. 
CLAISE, Clothes. V. Clajtb. 
CLAITH, CL A YTH, s. Ooth, &, West. 
morel. Abp. IlamiltouK. 

Clait, claise, claa, S. pL Westmorel., al* 
so Cumb. 

A.S. cloth, cloth; clatha, Isl. Su.G. 
klaede, clothes. 
To CL AIVER, V. n. To talk idly or fool^ 

ishly. V. Clavcb. 
CLAM, a<(/. I. Clammy, S.Belg.iMam, id. 

2. Smooth ; as " clam ice,*' S.B. 
CLAM, CLAM-SHELL, t, A scallop 
shell, S. Ostrea opercularis. Lino, 

Probably from O. Fr. clame, a pil- 
grim's mantle; as these shells were worn 
on the cape of their mantles, or on their 
hats, by those who had made a pilgri- 
mage to Palestine, as a symbol of theii 
having crossed the sea* 
CL A MS, 1 . Strong pincen used by 
ship-wrights, for drawing large nails, 

2. A vice, generally made of wood ; 
used by artificers for holding any thing 
fast, S. 

5. The instrument, resembling a forceps, 
employed in weighing gold* Shirreft, 
Belg. klemm^en, arctare ; to pinch. 
IT, s. 1. A stroke, a drubbing, S. 



fi« A misfbrtane^ Ang. 

Qu. dmw my heved, or headi tcimtch 

inj head ; an ironical CKprewion. 

T»ChAMV UP, CLAMPER, v. a. To 

pacdi, to make or mend in a clumsy 

. manner, S. Ckron* 8* Poet, 

Oerm. idemperHf raetaUum malleo 

tuadere ; Uempener, one who patches 

up toys for children. 

re CLAMP, CLAMPER, v. ». To moke 

a noise with the shoes in walking, & 
Clamt, f. A heavy footstep or tread. 


CLANK, s. A sharp blow that causes a 

noise, S. Ranuay, 

Teut iUiinidt, clangor. ' 

2*0 Clank, v, a. To give a sharp stroke, S. 

Mifutreisy Border, 

To ClAhx down, v. a. To throw down with 

a shrill sharp noise. MelvHVs MS. 

CLANK, 8. A catch, a hasty hold taken 

of any ol^t, S. Clavght, synon. Rost. 

Tf CLAPvHB HEAD, To commend; 

conveying the idea of flattery, S. 

CLAP, 8, A stroke; JDedit clap, the stroke 
of death. Douglat, 

Belg. kUqtf a slap, a box on the ear. 
CLAP, s. A moment ; in a dap, instan- 
taneously. JBaSlie. 
The idea is, a clap of the hand ; for 
handclap is used, S. B. 
CLAP of the h(ut, the vulgar designation 
lor the uvula, S.; synon. pap of the has$. 
CLAP, f. A flat instrument of iron, re- 
sembling a box, with a tongue and han- 
dle, used for making proclamations 
. through a town, instead of a drum or 
hand-bdl, & Chrmu S, Poet, 
Teut Uepp-enf pulsare, sonare; Belg. 
Ueih a clapper. 
Clxtmxv, a, A public crier, S. 

Belg. Idajtpemum, a watchman with 

a clapper. 

CLAPPERS, s. pi. Holes intentionally 

made for rabbits to burrow in, either in 

an open warren, or within an inclosure. 

Fr. clapier, id. Su.G. klapper, lapides 

minuti et rotundL 



Cl>ARE« adv. Wholly, entirely, S. 


CLAREMETHEN. According to the 

law of claremethen, any person who 

daims stolen cattle or ^oods is requi- 

red to appear at certain places particu- 

larly appointed for this purpose, and 

prove his right to them, S. Skene. 

From dare, clear, tLndmeilh, a mark. 

CLARGIE, CLERGY, j. ErudiUon. 

Priests Peblis. 

Fr. clergie, id. from Lat dericus. 

To CLARK, V, a. To act as amanuensis, 

To CLART, v. a. To dirty, to fbnl, S. 

Clort, Perths. 
Clakts, 5. pi. Dirt, mire^ any thing that 

defiles, S. Hence^ 
•Claxty, atf}. INrty, nasty, SL Gortyt 
Perths. Maitland Poems* 

Clart. To spread or smear. Clarty / 
smear'd ; A. Bor. 
7\> CLASH, 17. n. 1. To talk idly, S. 

9. To tittle-tattle, to tell tales, S. 

Gem. Xdatschen, id.; Hatdierey, idla 
Clash, s. 1. Titde-tattle, prattle, S. 

, Satan's Invis, World* 

S. Vulgar fame, the story of the day, S. 


To CLASH, o. a. To pelt, to throw dirt, 

S. Dunbar. 

Teut Hasten, resono ictu verberare ; 

Dan. klatsk-er, to flap. 

Clash, s. A blow, a stroke, S. 

Germ. Hatch, id. 
CLASH, «. A heap of any heterogeneous 
substances, S. 

Isl. klase, rudis nexura, quasi conge- 
CLASH, s. A cavity of considerable ex« 

tent in the acclivity of a hill, S. 
CLASPS* s.pil. An inflammation of the 
termination of the sublingual gland, a 
disease of horses. Border. . Watson* 
CLATf s. Used as synon. with clod. 

Z. Boyd. 
Teut kloUe, Huyte, id. gleba, mas- 


To CLAT, CLAUT, v. a, 1. To rake to- 
gether dirt or mire, S. 

' 2. To rake together, in a general sensei 
& Su. G.it2a<2(/, filth. 

3. To scrape, to scratch any thing toge» 
ther. Burnt* 

Clat, Ci.aut, 1. 1. An instrument for ra- 
king tc^ether dirt or mire, & 
2. A hoe, as employed in the labours of 
husbandry, S. 

S. The act of raking together, as applied 
to property. 

4. What is scraped together by niggard- 
liness, S. BwmM, 

To CLATCH, v.a. 1. To daub with lime, 
S. ; karle, synon. 

2. To close up with any adhesive sub- 
stance. IsL UeoKf tieste, lino, oblino. 

CuiTcn, f. Any thing thrown for the pur- 
pose of daubing. 

Isl. UesMOt any thing that bedaubs. 

To CLATCH, SKLATCH, v. a. To fi- 
nish any piece of workmanship in a care- 
less and hurried way, without regard to 
the rules of art, S. 

CtATCH, f. Any piece of mechanical work 
done in a careless way, & 

CLATH, CLAITH, «. Cloth, S. V. 

To CL ATT, V. a. To bedaub, to dirty, & 
date, to daub, A. Bor. 

Clattu, aty. Nasty, dirty, S. Claity, id., 

Cumb. Z, Soyd. 

Su.G. Idadi^ sordes, tiadd-a tig md, 

se vestesque suas inquinare; Bclg. Idadd^ 

en, to daub, Idaddig^ dirty. 

To CLATT£R, v. a. 1. To prattle, to act 
as a tell-tale, S. Dunbar. 

2. To chat, to talk familiarly, S. 
Teut UeUer-n, concrepare. 

Cr^TTXB, t» 1. An idle or vague rumour, 

5. ffudton. 
2. Idle talk, frivoloua loquacity, & 

3* Free and fiimiliar conversation, S. 

Claxtebse, «. A tale-bearer, S. 

CLATTiaVy t. A tattler, a babbler, Loth. 


CLAUCHANNE, t. A village in which 
there is a church. V. Clachak. 

CLAUCHT, pret. Snatched, laid hold of 

eagerly and suddenly. Dou^Uu* 

Su.G. Uaa, ungutbus veluti fisia 

prehendere. This may be viewed as the 

pret of the v. Clbu, q. v. 

Cladcht, Claught, f. A catch or seiiure 
of any thing in a sudden and forcible 
way, S. Bott, 

To CLAVER, «. a. 1. To talk idly, or in 
a nonsensical manner, S. pron. clawer. 
2. To chat, to gossip, S. Morium* 

Germ. Maffer, garrulus. 

Clavbr, CLAivxa, t. Frivolous talk, prat- 
tle, & Bamtay. 

CLAVER, CLAUIR, t. Clover, & 

A.S..elatfer, Belg. Uaver, id. IVom 
A.S. deaf an, to cleavoi because of the 
remarkable division of the leaves. 

CLAW, t. A kind of iron qKX>n for scra- 
ping the bake^board, Ang. . 

Teut Uauw-en, scalpers^ Idauwe, ras- 

To CLAY, CLAY UP, v. a. To stop a 
hole or chink by any unctuous or vis- 
cous substance, S. Flergutom* 

CLEAVING, t. The division in the hu- 
man body from iheotpubit downwardst 
S. V. Clof. Banuay, 

Isl. klof, femorum intercapedow 

To CLECK. V. a. To hatch. V. Cuoc. 

CLECKIN-BROD, s. Aboaidforatrik. 
ing with at hand-ball. Loth. Baw-brod, 
i. e. ball-board, synon. 
Isl. Uecke, leviter verbero. 

To CLEED, CLEITH, ». a. 1. To 
clothe, S. Burnt. 

2. Mctnph. applied to foliage. Fergiuton. 
5. Used obliquely, to denote the putting 
on of armour. Adt Marie. 

4. To seek protection fVom. Spalding. 
Isl. Su.G. Uaed^, Germ. Ueid-en, 
Belg. Heed-en, Dan. Haed-tr, id. 

Clkiding, Clsadixo, «. Clothing, appa- 
rel, S. Germ, kkidung, id. Bamtay. 

Cled Scorx, a phrsse signifying twenty* 
one in number, S. Staiitt. Act. 


Oil eltUAed with one in addition. 
CLEG, GLEG, a. A gad-fly, a horse-fly. 

It is ^ronouoctdgUg, &B. ci<g, Clydes. 

A^ I£udMM> 

Dan. klaegf id. tabanus. 
CLEIK, atif. Lively, agile, fleet, Loth. 

V. Clbdch, as(;. 
To CLEIK. CLEK, CLEEK, •>. o. To 

catch as by a hook, S. Hamsay. 

S. To lay hold of, after the manner of a 

hook, a 

S. To seize, in whatever way, whether 

by force, or by fraud, S. Lyndsay, 

4. To clcik ftp, obliquely used, to raise, 
applied to a song. PeUU to Ike Play. 

IsL hUik'ia, to bind with chains. 
Clsk, Clex, s. 1. An iron hook. 


5. A hold of any object, & 

3. The arm, roetaph. used. A. 2^cot. 
Isl. klair, ansa clitelhuum, Meeker, an 

iron chain. 
C1.11KT, <ulj. Ready to take the advantage, 

inclined to circumvent, & 
Clbivs, s. pi, A cramp in the legs, to which 
horses are subject. Mantgomerie, 

CLEYNG, Perhaps, a dark substance. 

Sir Gawan and Sir GaL 
To CLEK, CLEKE, v. a. 1. To batch, 
to produce young by incubation, S. 


2. To bear, to bring forth, S. Douglas. 

Z. To hatch, as applied to the mind, S. 


4. To feign. Mailland Poems. 
Su.G. kheck'O, IsLiUdl-«a, ezdndere 

Clsckin, «. 1. a brood of chickens, S. 

2. Metaph. a family of children, S. 
CLEKET, r. The tricker of an engine. 
£. clicket, the knocker of a door, Fr. 
diquett id. 
To CLEM, V. a. 1. To stop a hole by com- 
. pressing, S. 
9. To stop a hole by means of lime, clay, 
&c. ; also to dem up, S. 
A. S. cleam-ian, id. 
To CLEF, CLEPE, v. a. To call, to 
name. WaUaet. 


A.S. cUop^Ui clyp*ianf ^ 
CiMT, s, A more solemn form of citation, 
used especially in qiminal cases. Skene. 
To CLEF, v.n. I. To act the tell-tale, & 
22. To chatter, to prattle ; especially, as 
implying the idea of pertnees, S. 
Bdg. Idapp^en, to tattle, to betray. 
Cle7, s. Tattle, pert loquacity, S. 

Belg. ydele Uapj idle chat. 
CLERGY. V. Clarqik. 
CLERK- PLAYIS. 5.;>/. Properly, those 
theatrical representations the subjects of 
which were borrowed from Scripture. 
CLETT, s. A projecting rock or cliflT, 
Caitho. Statist. Ace. 

Isl. Uett-ur, rupes mari imminens. 
CLEUCH, CLEUGH, (gutL) «. 1. A 
precipice, a rugged ascent, &B. ffeuck, 
synon. Wattace. 

Ir. cloichef a rock. 
2. A strait hollow between precipitoua 
banks, or a hollow descent on the side 
of a hill, S. Evergreen, 

A.S. dough, rimaqoaedam vel fissura 
ad moQtis clivum vel declivum. 
CLEUCH, adj. I. Clever, dextrous, light- 
fingered, &B. 

2. Niggardly and severe in dealing, S. B. 
Isl. Uok'T, callidus, vafer; Germ. 
Idug, id. 
CLEUCK, CLUKE, s. L A daw or ta- 
loo. Lyndtay, 

2. Used fignrativdy for the l^and. Henca 
cair-cUnck, the left hand, S.B. 

Perhaps a dimin. from Su.G. iUo, 
Teut. Idauwe, a chiw or talon. 
To Clsuck, Cxjeux, v.a. To grip, to seiza 
with violence, Aberd. Forbes, 

CLEUE and LAW, Higher and lower 
part. Barbour, 

deue seems to be the same with Germ. 
Ueve, A.S.r/£^, clivus. 
To CLEVER, V. n. To climb, to scram- 
ble. A. Bor. id. King^s Quair. 
Teut. Uaver-en, Idener-ent sursum rep- 
tare unguibus fizis, Isl. Jdifr'Ot id. 
CLEVERUS, a^. Clever. V. Clsvck. 


CLEVIS, Leg. devir, L e. dover. 

. Maitland Poemt^ 
To CLEW, V. n. 1*0 cleave, to fasten. 

Teut. Kiev-en, id. Wyntown, 

CLEWIS, s, pi. CUwf, taloDS. V. 
Clkuck. ^ Dovigfas. 

CLIBBER, CLUBBER, i . A wooden 
saddle, a packsaddle, Cakhn. Orkn. 

Statist. Ace. 
Id. klifberi, clitrllae, fhnn Uift fascis, 
sarcina, and beri poxtator. 
CLICK-CLACK, s. Uainterrupted lo- 
quacity, S. From E. click and dock, 
botli erpresslve of a sharp successive 
noise; or Teut, kUck-en, crepitare, A/oc/b* 
eiiy ▼eit>erare resono ictu. 
CLI FT, s. A spot of ground, S. 

A. S. cHof-anj to cleate, because part- 
ed from the rest. 
To CLINCH, CLYNSCH,i>.«. To limp, 
S. Douglas, 

Su. G. link-a daudicare. 
Clivch, s, a halt, S. 
CLINK, t, A smart stroke or blow, S. 
Teut klhtckef id. ; alapa, colaphus. 
CLINK, a. Money; a cant term, S. 

From the sound; Tent. Hinck-en, tin- 
To CLINK, v.a, A term denoting alert- 
ness in manual operation, S. 
Tb Clixx ox, v. tx. To clap on. Ranttai^, 
To CuNx UP, V, a. To seize any dbject 
quickly and forcibly, S. 

If not radically the same with the ▼• 
cleik, with n inserted ; allied perhaps to 
Dan. lencke a chain, a link, q. gelencke, 
CLINT, s. A bard or 6inty rock. Gl. 
Sibb. '* CUntt, Crerices amongst bare 
lime-stone rocks, North." Gi. Grose. 
CLl^TT, Cltnty, adj. Stony, Loth. 

Su.G. klint, scopulus. JDouf^s, 

CLIP, s. An appellation probably bor- 
rowed from a sheep newly shorn or clip* 
ped. Evergreen. 

S. A colt of a year old. Suckan* 

2\» CLIP, CLYP, r.o. 1. To embrace. 
Jong's Q^air, 


2. Td lay bold of in a forcible manner. 

S. To grapple in a sea-fight. Vallace* 

A.S. cUpp^n, clyjfp-iant to embrace.* 

Clips, Clippts, j. pi. 1. GnppKng-irorab 

used in a sea-fight. Wallace, 

2. 'An instrument for li Aing a pot by ita 

ears, S. ; orforcarryingabarrel. Bamsay. 

S, Hooks for catdixng bold of fish, S. B« 

Statist. Aec, 

CLIPPIE, s. A talkaUTO woman, & GI. 


From Teut Heps, dkaz, or the E. r. 

CLIPPS, CLIPPES. s. An eclipse. 

Sannatyne Poems* 
Clips, jiret. v, SuflTers an eclipse. 

Complaynt S» 
CLYRE, #. 1. " A clt/re in meat^** a gHind, 

a Tout kliere, id. 

2. To leave no Afyrw in one's breast,'* 

to go to the bottom of any quarrel or 

grudge, & 
Clyhxd, adj. Having tumours in the fiesb. 

CLISH-CLASH, j. Idle discourse, ban- 

died backwards and forwards, S. appa- 
• rently a reduplication of clash, q. v« 
CLISH-MA-CLAVER, s. Idle dis- 
course, silly talk, S. ; It low word. 

CLITTER-CLATTER. *. Idle talk, 

bandied backwards and fbrwsrds, S. 

V. CLATTia, s, and t>. Geland. 

CLIVACE, s. A hook for catching tht 

bucket in which cods are drawn up from 

the pit, Loth. 
CLOCE. V. CLosa. 
CLOCHARET, s. The Stonechatter, S. 

Motacilla rubicola, Linn. Statist. Ace, 
Gael.c/otcAran, id. from doich, astone^ 

and perhaps ninn, a song. 
To CLOCHER, V. n. To cough; espe- 
cially as indicating the sound emitted, 

when there is much phlegm in the throat; 


Gad. dockar, wheezing in the throaty 

To CLOCK CLOK, v,n.l. To duck, to 

can chickeni tt^ther, JDougtas. 


~ A. 8. ehec'-anf Teat Uoek-eHf gloctre. 

S. To batch, to sit on eggs, & Xeily, 

CLOCK.B££, <. A species of beetle, 

fleeing golach, synon. 
CLOD, i. A flat kind of loaf, made of 
«oane wheaten flour, and sometimes of 
the flour of pease, S. Shirrrft. 

Qu. resembitng a cW of earth. 
CLOFF, f. 1. A Assure of any kind. 
S. What is otherwise S. called the clea^ 
ting. Lat. intercapeda J^nd$ay. 
S. A cleft between a4jscent hills, Loth. 
4. The cleft of a tree^ or that part of it 
where the branches sepante irom each 
other, Loth. 

Isl. klqf, Su. G. klofwth a fissure. 
CLOIS^ «. Crowu. JDouglat,' 

Teut klos, globus. 
CLO YS» s. A cloister. JhHgUu. 

Teut Uujftet dausura» locus dausus* 
CLOIT, r. A cfewD, a stupid inactiTe fel- 
low, & 

Teut Uoete, homo obtnsus, hebe& 
To CLOIT, V. ft. To fidl heavily, S. 

Belg. klott'eut to beat with noise. 
Cloit, t. A hard or heaTj fall, S. 
To CLOK, o. ft. Tocludt V. Clock. 
CLOLLE, s. Apparently, skulU 

Sir Gawan and Sir GaL 
Germ. KraW, glomus. 
CLORTY, a4j. Dirty. V. Clamtt. 
CLOSE, «. A passage^ an entry, S. ci9eet 
Douglas. jtmoi* 

Belg. Uuy$ef clausura. 
closures. DQUgla9* 

CLOVE, (if a mOl) g. That which se- 
parates what are called thebndgebead% 
& V. Ciorr. 
Clovzs, i. pL An instrument of wood, 
which closes like a lice, used by car^ 
penters for holding their saws firm while 
they sharpen them, 8. V. Cloft. 
CLOUYS, i. pi. Claws. Deuglas. 

To CLOUR, CLOWR, u a. LToeause 
a tumour, S. JBamsoy. 

S. To produce a dimple, & 

Pomu Budum Dial* 


Ctoua, f. I. A lump, a tumour, in oonse* 
quence of a stroke or fall, 8. 

S, P.BepTk 

3. A dint caused by a blow, 8. 

To CLOUT, V. a. To beat, to strike, pio- 

perly with the hands, S. Ferguson. 

Teut IdoU-en, pulsare. 

Clout, s. A cuS; a blow, & JRUson. 

To CLOW, V. a. To beat down. Gal- 

CLOWE, #. A hollow between hUls. 

Sir GavMm ^nd Sir Gal, 
The same with Cleugh, q. t. also 
CLO WIS, a. pi. Small round pieces. 

Gawan and Got. 
A. 8. deow, Teut klouwe, sphaera. 
CLOWIT, part, pa* '< Made of clews, 
woven." Rudd. JDou^ak 

Teut klouwet glomus. 
CLOUSE, CLUSH, s. A duioe, & 

jfcit Ja. ir, 
Fr. edu»e^ id. Arm. tlewzt a ditch. 
CLUBBER, u V. CusBca. 
CLUBBOCK. s. The qiotted Blenny; 
a fish, Blennius gunnellus, Linn. 

StatXKt, Ace. 
CLUF. CLUIF. «. L A hopf, Rudd., 
du, S.B. 

Su.G. VUf^ unguis. 
2. A cUw, Rudd. Teut iUifyra, un- 
CLUKIS. V. Cliock. 
CLUMMYN, pAH.p^ of Climi. JPougtat. 
CLUMP, i. A heavy inacdve fellow, 8. 

Su.G. UMm;^ Teut Uompe. 
CLUNG, part. pa. Empty, applied to the 
stomach or belly after long fasting, 8. 
From £. cHng, to dry up. Moss. 
To CLUNK, r. n. To emit a hollow and 
interrupted sound, as that proceeding 
from any liquid confined in a cask, 
when shaken, if the cask be not full, 8. 
Dan. glumk, the guggling of a nar- 
low^mottthed pot or stnat^necked bot- 
tle when it is emptying; Sw« klunk'-af 
to gugglfc 
CLUNKERa s. pi. Dirt h«deaed in 
clots, so as to render a nttd, 'p«reiDent| 
or flo9r i9MqB«l» 8. 



Genn. aunkem, a knot or dod of 
CLUTE, *. The half of the hoof of any 
cloTen-footed animal, S. Ranuay, 

Germ, duftf fissura, or A.S. cUofedf 
CLUTTERING, part. pr. Doing any 
piece of businees in an awkward and 
dirty way, S. B.. 

Teut. kleuter-etit tuditare. 
COALS. To bring over the coals, to bring 
to a severe reckoning. S. Forbes. 

Referring, most probably, to the ordeal 
by fire. 
COBLE, KOBIL, «. I. A small boat, a 
yawl, S. A.S. coujtle, navicula. 

9. A larger kind of fishing boat, S. 
3. Mait cobie,'tL place for steeping mah, 
in order to brewing, & Germ. Met, 
a Tat or tub. 
To COBLE, V, a. To steep malt 

COBWORM, «. The larva of the Cock- 
chaffer, Scarabaeus melolontha. 

Statist, Ace* 
COCK, i. The mark for which curlers 
play, S. Bums, 

COCK, «. A cap, ahead-dress, S.B. Boss. 
COCK AND PAIL, A spigot and fau- 
cet, S. 
COCK ALAN, s, A comic or ludicrous 
■ representation. Acts Ja. VL 

Fr. coq d CAne, a libel, a pasquio, a 
COCKANDY, s. The Puffin, AIca aic- 
tlea, Linn. & 7ommy*tioc<rfy, Orkn. 


COCKERDEHOY. To ride cockerde^ 

hoy, to sit on the shoulders of another, 

in imttatioii of riding on horseback, & B. 

Fr. eoquardeau, a proud fooL 

COCKERNONNY, s. The gathering of 

a young woman's hair, when it is wrapt 

up in a band or fiUet, commonly called 

a snood, & Bamsoy. 

Teut. koker, a case, and nonne, a nun, 

q. lucfa a sheath for fixing the hair as 

the ouns were wont to use. 

COCKEBSUM «<(;. Unsteady in posi- 


tion, tiireatening to fall or tumble over, 

Fr. coquarde, a cap, worn proudly on 
the one side. 
COCKY, adj. Vain, affecting airs of im- 
portance, S.B. from the £. ▼. to codu 

COCKIELEEKIE, s. Soup made of a 
cock boiled with leeki, 8. 

COCKIELEERIE, s. A term ezprea- 
tive of the sound made by a cock in 
crowingi 8. Teut Avdheiber-en, to cry 
like a cock. 

COCKLAIRD, t. A landholder, who 
himself possesses and cultivates all his 
estate, a yeoman, S. Kdly. 

COCKLE, COKKIL, #. A scallop. 
Fr. coquiUe. 

The Order of the CocUe, that of St Mi- 
chael, the knights of which wore the 
scallop a» their badge. Complaynt S. 

COCKROSE, f. Any wild poppy with 
a red flower. Coprose, A. Bor. 

COCK-PADDLE, <. The Lump, a fish, 

' Cydopterus lumpus, Linn., The Pad^ 
die, Orkn. Sibbald. 

COCKS. To east at the cocks, to wastes 
to squander, S.'froiii the barbarous cus-^ 
torn of throwing for a piece of money 
at a cock tied to a stake. Bamsay. 

cucking*stool or timibrell. Bur. Laweu 
Teut kokken, ingurgitare^ or kaeckct 
the pillory. 

8. This term has accordingly been used* 

in later times, to denote the pillory, S. 


COD, s. A pillow, & A. Bor. Compl. S. 
A. S. codde, a bag. Isl. kodde, a fi^w. 

CoowAas, «. A inllow-slip, S. 

A. S. waer, retinaculum, Su. G. toar, 
id. fhmi waen, to keep, to cover. 

CODBAIT, s. I. The Lumbricus mariU 
nus. Loth. 

S. The strmw.worm, ibid. 
A.S. codd, folliculus. 

CODE, «. A cfaiysom. V. Cuue. 

To CODLE (corn), ». a. To make the 
grains fly out of the husks by a stroke, 
S.B. pcriwpt Ivom cod, the pod. 


CODROCH, ai{f. 1. Rustic, having the 
manoen of the coantrj, Loth. Fife. 

S. Dirty, sloveDly, synoo. kogry-mogiy^ 
Loth. Ir. cudar, the nibble. 
COELTS^ «. pU Colts. Monroe, 

ZV COFF, COFFE, r. a. To buy, to 
purchase, S., most commonly in the 
pret coft. V. Coup, ». Shirrtfs. 

Germ. kaufUf bought, from kauf-^n, 
Su.G.Amp-a, to buy. 
CoFPB, Copx, CoiPK, A merchant, a hawk- 
er; pcdder coffe, a pedlar. 

Bannatynt Poemi. 

COFFING, COFYNE, *. 1. A shrine, a 

bos. Wyntoum, 

S. The bard crust of bread. Douglas. 

Lat eophin-ut, a basket 

COFT,pr0l.and; Bought V.Cofp.' 


hollow wooden vessel of a circular form 

for holding milk, broth, &c. S. 

WattorCt CoU, 
Genn. kaueh, a hollow Tessel, C B. 
eawgf a bason. 
To Coo, Cooox, 0. a. To empty into a 
wooden TesseL Ratiuay, 

COG, COGGE, «. A yaw) or cockboat 
Tent, kogghe, cekn ; 8a.G. koggt na- 
irigii genua, apod veteres. 
To COGLE, COGGLE, o. a. Tt> cause 
any thing to move from side to side^ so 
as to seem ready to be ovenet, 8. 

Perhaps from cog, a yawl, because 
this is so easily overset 
CoGOLU, aig. Moving from side to side, 
unsteady as to position, apt to be over* 
set, S. Cockersum, synon. 
COY, adj. Still, quiet Lyndiay. 

Fr. cot, coy. Id,, from Lat jtUet-ut. 
of contempt applied to a puny wight 
COIF, J. A cave. Douglas. 

COIG. V. Coo,CoAG. 
COILHEUCH, t. A coalpit, S. Skene. 
COIN, COYNYE, t. A comer. JSarbour. 
Fr. cotfi, id. Ir. eumne, a corner, an 


COISSING, Cherrie and Slae. V. 


COIST, COST, s. 1. Tbesideinthehu- 
man body. Douglas. Wallace. 

2. The trunk of the body. Douglas. 
5. Also used for E. coast, Lat on, 

CoisT, s. I. Ezpence, cost Douglas. 

S. llie provision made for watching the 
borders. Jets Ja. II. 

Belg. Su. G. kosi, cost, charge. 

Coiar, s. 1. Duty payable in kind, Orkn. 

3. The sustenance given to a servant, as 
distinct flom money, ibid. Skene. 

Su. G. Dan. kost, food. 
To COIT, V. n. To butt, to justle. 

Fr. cott'er, to butt, Isl. kueitr, torvus, 
kueita, Tiolenter jactare. 
COK. To ay cok, to acknowledge that 
one b vanquished. Douglas. 

O. Celt coc, mechant, vile. 
COKEWALD. s. A cuckold, Chauc. 
Isl. qvofikall, cumica, sen oomutus, 
horn kvon, uxor, and kvola, maculare^ 
G. Andr. 
COLEHOODING, s- The Black-cap, a 
bird, S. Coalhood. Sibbald. 

fish, Aselhis niger, Ang. 
Germ, kohlmmhlen, id. 
To COLF, V. a. To calk a ship. 

fV. eal/at'^er. Tent kalUfaet-en, id. 
CoLPiK, Calpimo, s. The wadding of a 
gun, S. Wodrow. 

COLIBRAND, s. A contemptuous de- 
signation for a blacksmith, Border. 

IFatson's CoU. 
Su. G. kd, caibo, and brtnnat urere^ 
q. the coal-burner. 
COLK, s. The Eider duck, a sea-fowl, S. 
the Duntur -Goose of Sibbald. Monroe. 
COLL, s. A cock of hay, S.B. KeU. A. 
Bor. Jtotf. 

Fr. cueiU*er, to gather, E. to eoU. 
To COLL, v. a. 1. To cut, to cb> 7e 
coU the hair, to poll it, S. 
2. To cut any thing obliquely, 8. V. 
Su. G. kull'Ot vertids capiUos abradere« 


COLLATYOWN, s. Conference, dis- 

course. Lat coUaiio, Uyntoum. 

COLLEGENAR, «. A student at col- 

kge, S. Spalding. 

COLLIE, COLLEY, s, 1, The shep- 

herd's dog, S. A. Bor. Burnt. 

Ir» cuUearit Gael culiet a little dog, 
S. One who follows another constantl/i 

S. A loonger, one who hunts for a din- 
ner. Caldefwood, 
To COLLIE, V, a. To abash, to silence in 
an argument ; in allusion to a dogf who, 
when mastered or affronted, walks off 
with his uil between hia feet, Fife. 
COLLI£SHANGIE,«. 1. An uproar, a 
squabble, S. Hoss, 
2, A ring of plaited grass or straw, 
through which a lappet of a woman's 
gown, or fold of a man's coat is clan* 
destinely thrust, in order to excite ridi^ 
cule, Ang. 

Perhaps from a^U and lAangie, q. r* 
COLPINDACH, s. A young cow that 
has nerer calved. Skene. 

Gael, colbhtach, a cow calf 
COM, COME, t. Act of coming arri- 
Tal. Barbour. 

A,S(, cum, cyme, adrentus. 
To COME, V. n. 1. To sprout, to spring ; 
appKed to grain, when it begins to ger- 
minate, & 

fl. To sprout at the lower end ; applied 
to grain in the process of malting, S. 
Chmlm. Air. 
IsL keim-^f Germ. Hem-en, id. 
COMERWALD, a^f. Hen-pecked. 

ComeTf a gossip, add A,S. wald, 
-COMMEND, i. A cmnment, a commea* 
tary. JDought. 

COMMEND, t. A benefice m commeii* 
dam. Dougiat* 

Fr. commendcf L.B. comfiienda, id. 
one's common, to be obUged to onc^ 8. 
Toquiie a eommoun, to requite. JTitor, 
Fn>m commont u signl/yiog &re. 


COMMONTIE, t. I. A common, S. 
Lat. cemmtind-ai. 
2. Community. Acts Ja. VI. 

COM PARGES^ Leg.coii^piti^yi0r, com- 
panies. Houlate, 
To COMPEIR, COMPEAR, v. n. i. 
To appear in the presence of another. 

9. To present one's self In a court, ci?il 
.or ecclesiastica], in consequence of be- 
ing summoned, 8. Pneti$ Pehiit. 
Fr. €OMpar.oir, to appear, Lat com* 
par-ere, id. 
CoviVAaAircB, r. The act of presenting 
one's self in a court, S. BaiBie» 
COMPER, f. The Common Fishing 
Crog, Lophios piscatorius, Linn. Orfcn* 
To COMPE8CE, u. a. To restrain. 

Lat competco, BailUe, 

To COMPETE, V. n. To bain a state of 

competition, S. 
COMPLENE, I. The last of the canoni- 
cal houn. Douglas. 
L.B, comjilendae, offidom ecclesias- 
ticum, quod cetera dluma offida com^ 
plet ct claudit. 
COMPLIMENT, s. A present, a gift, a 
Sir J. Sinclair, 
To CoupLimm with, o. a. To present one 

with, S. 
To COMPONE, V. o. To settkw 

M. Bruce. 
To COMPONE, t;^ n. To compound. 

CON, s. The squirrel ; A. Bor. id. 

CONABILL, a4f. Attainable. Barbour. 
Lat conahilis, what maybe attempted. 
CON AND, pan. pr. Knowing, skitful. 

FVom Cun, to know, q. t. Wyntown. 

To CONCEALE, v. a. To coodliate^ 

Lat conciL-io. More. 

CONCEIT.NET, s. A fixed net, used 

in some rivers, S.B. 
To CONDESCEND^ v. a. I. To agree, 
to unite, a Comptaynt a 

L.B. eondeteend^ere, oonsentire. 
2. To pitdi upon, ta anumetate parti* 
cularly, a 


Safe conduct. Wallace, 

CONDY, s. A conduit, S. 
CONDICT.f. Conduit, passage. Z^oMgtoi. 

Teut londuytf Fr. conduit, id. 
CONFEERIN, part, a^j. Consonant, 
&B. Bmu 

Lat eonfhr-e, to compare. 
CoNPiiRiK, conj. Considering. 

Jauvnal Loud* 
CONFIDER, a4j. Confederate. Doiiglat. 

Fr. eof^eder-^z, id. 
To CONFISKE, t;. a. To conascate. 

Fr. eomfisqu-er, id. BeOenden, 

CONYNG, s. Knowledge, skill. 

Xtng'a Quair, 
To CONN, 0. a. To know. Barhomr, 
7e COMNACH, v. a. To abine, in wbaU 
ever way. Aberdu Penneemk, 

CONNAKD, CONAND, f. I. Engage, 
ment, contiacl. BaHfour. 

9. Fhiffers^tcniiipnTJOus to an engage- 
ment Wallace. 
¥t, eonvenani, from convener, to »• 
CONNERED, part, pa. Curried. 

Chalmerlan Air. 
Fr. amroy-^r, to curry. 
CONNIE, CONNEIS, «. Perhaps pro- 
visions. Chron. S. P. 
O. Fr. eonvUt neoessaries, Fr. eonvoi. 
CONNYSHONIE, 1. A gossiping con- 

versation, &B. 
2V CONNOCH, e. a. V. Covvacb. 
CONNOCH, t. A disease. Po/aurf. 

To acquire, whether by art or valour. 

2. To acquire by conquest. Wallace. 

3. To purchase with money. Reg. Mt^. 


2. Acquisition by purchase. 

L. B. conquestui. id. Qiton. Attach. 
CONRYET,prff. Perhaps, disposed. 


O.Fr. conro^, to pfepare^ whence 

conroi, order of battle. 

CONSTABLE, t. A large glass, the 

coDtenUof which he is obliged to drink, 


who has not drunk as much as th* rest 

of the company, S. 


tory. Forbea* 

To CONSTITUTE, v. a. To open an 

ecdetiastical court with prayer, & 
CONtAKE, J. Contest. Douglat. 

CONTEMPTION, s. Contempt. 

Tb CONTEYNE, t. «. To continue. 


To CONTENE, t^ n. To demean one's 

sei^ BarvovT* 

CoxTSNiKG, #. 1. Demeanour. Barlmirm 

2. Military disdplinei BaH>our. 

CONTENEU, «. Tenor. Complaynt & 

Fr. eontenUf id. 
CONTER. A conter, to the contrary. J7ms« 

Fr. co»tre, against. 
CONTERMYT,;Mrl./Ni. Firmly set ». 
gainst, Wallace* 

Fr. eoiUremet'4re, to oppose. 
To CONTINUE, v. a. To deky. 

CONTRIMONT,iuf9. Tbecontnry way. 
Fr. eoniremont, directly against the 
CONTRAIR, adj. Contrary, Fr. BaSlur. 
To CovTRAKi, CoMxia, V. a. To thwart, 
to oppose, S. Wifnlown, 

Fr. contrar^ier, id. 
CoMTBAAB, s. 1. Opposition of any kind. 
2. Something contrary to one*s feelings 
or hopes. Conter, S.B. Rost. 

To CONTRUFE, v. a. To contrive; con-^ 
iruwit, part pa. Douglas. 

Fr. controuv'er, id. 
CoiTTBiTWAa, s. A contriver. 
UEIN, V. M. To agree. Forbes. 

Fr. covwdv-tTf Lat eontum-tir* id. 
ConuTNS, CoKUKKi^ Cokwtvb^ Covtn^ 
CowTiiK, CuwTii, s. I. Pactaoiv conven- 
tion. Fr. convent, id. Douglasm 
2. Condition, state. Barbour. 
5. Stratagem, conspiracy. Wyntown. 
O. Fr. coTtmnct cowoinCf pratique^ tft- 


1j.B. eottar-iust Vr.eoitierM- Hence 
& cottermant eotterfmk^ &e. 
COVAN, «• A oonTent. Dwibar. 

Andendy written eoveni. Sir Gawan, 
In S., eaivin is still used for conTent. 
COUDIE. ««{;. V. CooTH. 
ATYSS» «. I. CcHretoa8nes& DougUu* 

0,Fr. amvoitiUt id. 
2. AmbitiOB, or the lust of power. 

GOUBROUN, atfj. UncerUin, both es to 

signification and etymon. Lyndsay. 

COUCH ER, «. A coward. RutherfanL 

Qmcher Blow, the last stroke, S. 

From the E. v. eouehf Fr. coueh-er. 

COVE, «. A cave, S. A. Bor. Bdienden, 

A.S. c^fht Isl. k^, id. 
COUGHT, for couth. Could. & P. Ilep. 
COUHIRT, s. Cow-herd. ' Dunbar. 
To COUK. V. Cook. 
To COUK, 0. fi. A term used to denote 
the sound emitted by the cuckoo^ 

COULIE, COWLIE, #. !• A boy, S. 
Su.G.ihiA, id. 
fi. A term applied to a man in the lan- 
guage of contempt, S. CUland* 
COULPE, «. A fault. Complayni S. 

Fr. coulpe, haU culp^. 
COULPIT, ;>art. pa. Apparently, barter- 
' ed, for eoufrit. MaULand Pokmt. 

To COUNGEIR, v. a. To conjure. 

Abp. ffamiltokn. 
CouironuBf t, A conjurer. 

Al^u HamiUounm 
COUNYIE, i. Perhaps, motion. 

Fr. colder, to beat, to strike. 
COUNT, «. Anaccompt; counxni;, arith- 
metic, 8. 
To COUNTERFACTE, v. n. To coun- 
terfeit. AcUJa.VI. 

countre. Douglaa. 

S. A ditision of an army engaged in 
battle. WaUace. 

Jb COUP, COWP, e. a. To exchange, 
to barter, & A. Bor. 

Su.G. ^'(M^p-a, id. 



Coorv i. 1. Eiehange, & Mailland F* 
2. The hail cottpt the whole of any tbin^ 
Coom, Cona, s. 1. A dealer; as, korK* 
eouper, eouh-comper. Chalm. Mr. 

S. One who makes merchandise of souls. 
2b COUP, COWP, «. 0. To OTertum, t» 
overset, 8. Knox. 

To Coat, V, n. To overset, to tumble, S. 
Miae$ Threnodies 
8w.g^ppMl, to tilt up. . 
Cour, Cowr, i. 1. A fall, S. eouppii, S.B. 
2, A sudden break in the stratum of 
coals, S. Static. Ace. 

COUPLE. CUPPIL, s. A rafter. S. 

C. B. kupul ty, id. Wyntowu 

To COUR, v^n. To stoop, to crouch, S., 

cower, £. 
3b COUR, ». n. To recover. V. Cowaa. 
COURCHE, s. A covering for a woman*a 
head. & Curchey, Dunbar, JFaUace, 
Fr. eouvre-chtf, 

GL 8ibb. 
COUT, COWT, $• A young hone, S. com 

from eoU. 

Coirr-KviL, s. A disease inddent-to young 

harses, Border. ; E. tirungkt. Polwart. 

COUTCH ACK, s. The clearest part of a 

fire, S.B. Journal Lond. 

COXJTCHIT, part, pa. Inlaid, stuffed. 

Fr. coucA-cr, to lay. Dougfau 

COUTH, aux.v. Could. JSarbour. 

A.S. ctcMc, novi, from cunn^n, nos» 


COUTH, |Kzrf. jM. Known. Doughs. 

COUTH, s. Enunciated sound; a word. 

Popular Mall. 

Isl. qwaede, syllaba, qwed*a, effiuri. 


Affable, facetious, familiar, S. Bamiay. 

2. Loving. aflOectionatei S. Bums* 

5. Comfortable. Popular BalU 

4. Pleasant to the ear, S.B. Bosu 

5. Ominous of evil; no eoudy^ Ang. 
A.S. cuili, familiaris; Tt^u koddig, 

CouTHitTy adv* Kindly, familiarly, S. Bosi. 


CovrtmruB, Cousmzss, t. Facttumsneflif 

ktudncss, S* 
COUITERTHIRL, «. The ▼acuity be- 
tween the eouiUr and the ploughaAiare, 

S. V. TaiftL. 
To COW, v.a. 1. To poll Cfae head* & 


9, To clip short, in genera]. Pdwart. 

5. To cut, to prune, to lop off V. 

Coll, r. 

To cow out, to cut out. 

4. To eat up as food, S. F^tp^ ^^^^^ 

5. To be cowU, to be bald. Dunbar, 

6. It occurs as tignifying shaven ; ap- 
plied to the Roman tonsure. CUlani, 

IsL MUr, tonsum caput. 
7« Often used metapb. S. like £. amb. 
Cow, Kow, I. I. A twig of any shrub or 
plant, & Prieati FM. 

S. Used to denote a bush. Minst. Bord, 
S. A besom made of broon, & Warton. 

4. An instrument of eorrectioo, like £. 
hirchf S. 

5. The fuel used for atemporary fire, S. 

. 6. The act of pruitfng, viewed metapb. 
S. Bums* 

COW. KOW, «. 1. A scarecrow, S. 

2. A bdigdblin, S. Phihhu. 

To play kowt to act the part of a goblin. 
From £• cow, to intimidate ; or IsL 
kug, suppressio. 
Cow. Brown cow, a lodicrons designa- 
tion given by the vulga^to a barrel of 
beer or ale, from its colour, as contra^ 
distinguished from that of milk, S. 

COWAN, s. A fishing boat Wodrow, 

8u. G. koggej C. B. cwch, linter. 
COWAN, s. 1. One who does the work 
of a mason, but has not been regularly 
bred. S. 
2. One who builds dry walls, 8. 

Statist, Ace* 
Su. G» hijoTtf homo imbellis ; Fr. cc^- 
•n, a base fellow ; tram Su.G. fo/w-o, 
supprimere> insultare. 


COWART, s. Covert. tItoUace* 

COWARTRY, s. Cowardice. BtUendm. 
C0W.CL008, s.,p2. Common trefoil, 

& B. Trifolium pratense, Linn. 
COWCLYNK,«.Ahadot. Lyndaay. 
Peihaps from cow, and dink, money; 
q. one who prunes the purbe. 
To recover. Bathow, 

Abbrev. from Fr. recouvrir, 
CewxKiifa, f. Recovery. Barbour. 

COW-FISH, s. The Mactralotraria, Mya 
arenaria, or any other large oval shell* 
fish, Orkney. 
COWFYNE, s. A ludicrous term. 


COWHURBY, s. Acow.herd.i:t«r^nvn. 

Belg. koCt a cow, and hobb-en, to toil, 

q. a cow-berd. 

COW IE, a. The name given to Ae For-* 

poise in the Firtb of Tay. 
COWIE, s. A cow wanting horns, S. V. 

Cow, e. 
COWIE, adv, Vtirj ; as cowie wetly very 

well, Lanerks. 
CowiE, adj. Odd, queer, Lanerks. 
COWIT,;Nirt.iNi. 1. Closely cut. 
8. Having short and thin hair. V. 
Cow, e. 
To COWK, V. n. To reach ineffectually, 
in consequence of nausea, &B. 

Germ. ibcA-ai, id. ; Isl. ibcoXr-a, gula 
COWKIN, s. A beggar, a needy vnetch. 
Fr. coqidn, id. Dunbar, 

COWLICK, s. A tuft of hair on the 
head, which cannot be made to lie in the 
same direction with the rest of the hair, 

From its resemblance to hair licked 
by a «m». 
COWMACK, s. An berb supposed to 
have great virtue in making the cow de- 
sire the male, S.B. 
COWMAN, r. A name for the devil, S. 

V. Cow, f. 
COWNTIR, $, Rencoimtre. WaOace. 
COWNTYR PALYSS^ Contrary ta 



Fr. contrepaUi a term in henldiy, 
■ignifying that one pale Is oppoied to 
COWOID, j9re<. ConTojecL Leg.eanwoid. 
COWPES, COWPIS, f. pL Basketo for 
catching fish, & AcU Jo, III, 

A. Bor. coop, id. Tent, htype, sep- 
COWPON, «. A fragment, a shred, S. 

Jt Bruce. 
Fr. coupont L. B. copo, a piece cut off 
from a thing. 
COWPER JUSTICE, Trying a roan af- 
ter eiecution ; Uie same with Jeddart, 
or Jedburgh juttice, S. Cteland. 

COW.QUAKE. t. An affection of cattle, 
caoaed by the chiUness of the weather, 
S. JTeffy. 

COWSCHOT, s. A ringdove. V. Kow- 


COXY, at^. Cozcomical, S. Itanuay. 
To CRAB, CRABE, v. n. To fret 

Bannatyne Poenu. 

Belg. kribbig, Su.G. krepsk, moroeuai 

To CRAB, v.a. To provoke. Lyndaay. 

Teut. ^troM-cn, lacerare unguibus. 
To CRACK, CRAK, v. n. 1. To ulk 
boastingly. Evergrepn. 

S. To talk freely and familiarly. S. 

5. To talk together in a confused man- 
ner ; often as also implyiog extension 
of Toice, S. 

Germ, kraken, to make a noise. 
Ceack, Crak, t. 1. Boasting, S. Dunbar. 
S. Chat, free conversation, & Bou. 
S. Any detached piece of entertaining 
conversation, & Boss. 

4. A rumour ; generally used in pi. 

CsACKxa, CaAKXAE, s, A boaster. 

Belg. kraecker, id. Lyndsay, 

Ceackt. adj. J. Talkative; often deno- 
ting the effect of one's being elevated by 
means of strong drink, S. 
2. Affable, agreeable in conversation, S. 
CRACK, s. In a crack, immediately, S. 


To CRACK, t;. a. 1. To crack credUt im 
lose character and confidence in any re- 
spect, S. Z. Boyd* 
2. To crack irysi, to break an engage- 
CRACKERHEADS, s. pL The rootsof 
big tangles or alga marina, eaten by 
young people, Ang. 
CR ACKL1NGS» s. pi. 1. The refuse of 
tallow, S. jtcUJa. VI. 
2. Tallow, when first bruised by the can- 
dlemaker, in its impure state, S. 
Su. G. krak, quisquiUae* 
CRAFT, s. Croft, a piece of ground, ad- 
joining to a house. A. S. crofl, id. 
CRAG, CRAGE, CRAIG, s. 1. The 
neck, S. Cbmffaynl & 
2. The throat, S. JPtfrgiuoa. 
Teut kraegke, jugulus. 
Ceaioxd^ at{f. Having a neck or throaty & 

Cbaioagix, a4^ Wrynecked. S. V.Aoa*. 
CaAGBAVit, s. The ooUar-bone. Wallace. 
Craob Claith, s. a neckcloth, a cravat, 

S. Sw. kragedud, id. 
CRAIG, s. A rock, S. Bamsay. 

C. B. krasg, Gael, cre^, rupes. 
Ceaio-Flook, f. A spodes of flounder. 

Ceaig-Hkeeino. J. The Shad. SMald. 
Ceaioluooc, s. The point of a rock, & 

Ceaigt, at^i* Rocky. Bamsay. 

CRAYAR, CREAR,<. A kind of light- 
er. jlcts Marie. 

L. B. craiera, id. Sw. kr^jart, a small 
vessel with one mast* 
To CRAIK, v.n. 1. Used to denote the 
cry of a hen after laying ; or when dis- 
satisfied, & PolWMTt. 
2. To call for any thing, with impor- 
tunity and impatience, S. 

Teut. kraeck-en, crepare, strepere. 
Ceaktkg, a. The clamour of a fowl* S. 


CR A I K, s. A kind of little ship. Douglas. 

CRAIL-CAPON, s. A haddock dried, 

but not split. Loth., denominated ftom 

Caraill, a town in Fifeu 


CRAIT, GREET, «. A sort of Inaket in 
which window-glass is packed, & 
Germ, krart, corbis. 
To CRAK. V. Crak. 
CRAKER, J. The RailU Rallus crex, 
Linn. Mariitg. 

CRAKTS, $. pi. Great guns. Barbour, 
fVom the noise they make when fir« 
ed ; or, Tent, kraecke, arcohalista. 
CRAKLENE POKIS, Bags for hold- 
ing artificial fireworks. Complayni S. 
Fr. craquer, to crackle. 


of crimson, a grain-colour. Douglas, 
Fr« cramoisi, id. 
SV CRAMP, V. n. To contract 

Teut. kromp^en, Sw. krymp^, con- 
cramping-iron, S. 

S. An iron with small pikes for keep- 
ing the foot firm on ice, S. Graeme. 
S. The guard of the handle of a sword. 
Waison*t Call, 
CRAMPLAND, part, pr. Curling. 

Bannatyne Poetm, 
Sw. krympHngt contractus. 
CRAN, ff. An iron instrument, laid across 
the fire, for supporting a pot or kettle. 

Denominated from its resemblance to 
• crane. 
CRANCE, J. A chaplet. WattoiCs CoU, 

Teut krarUt, corona. 
CRANE (of herrings), t. As many fresh 
herrings as fill a barrel, S. StaHtt, Ace. 
CRANGLING, Winding. 

Teut hrcnekel-en, intorq[uere^ sinuare. 
CRAKK, at{). Infirm, weak. 

Teut krankt id. Gl. Sibb. 
CRANK, s. The noise of an ungreased 
wheel, S. 

S. Used metaph. to denote inharmonious 

poetry. Burns. 

CsiAVKciv9f adj. Fretful, captious, S. Bums. 

Gael, crionean, strife. 
CRANNACH, s. Pottage, Ang. Aberd. 


CRANREUCH, s. Hoar frost, S.O. 

GaeLcranntarocA, id. Burro* 


distorted person, S.B. Boss. 

Gael, erannda, decrepid. 

CRANTZE, s. The Common Coralline, 

MHIepora polymorpha, Linn^ ShetL 
CRAP, s, 1. The highest part or top of 
any thing, S. ; crop, £. Baith crap and 
root, literally, top and bottom ; metapb., 
beginning and end, S. 
2. The cone of a fir-tree. S.B. 
A.S. croppa, Sa.G. kroppa, id. 
CRAP, s. The produce of the ground, S. 
• Bamsay. 

CRAP, s. The craw of a fowl, crop, £.; 
used ludicrously for the stomach of 
man ; crapine, id. S. Bamsay. 

Teut krop, ingluvies ; stomachus. * 
To Crap, v. a. To fill, to stuff, S. Crappst 
heads, the heads of haddocks stuffed with, 
a pudding made of the roe, oatmeal and 
spicerics, S. 

Teut krapp^en, saginare, tumndis 
To CRAP, V. a. To crop, to lop, S. 

Teut krapp-en, abscindere. 
CRAPS, s. pi. A spedes of weed, S. na« 
med perhaps from keeping near the 
crap or surface of the ground. 
CRAUCH. 7*0 cry crouch, to acknowledge 
one*8 self vanquished. Dunbar. 

Arm. craeq, a bastard. 
CRAUCHMET, (gutt) «. An exaction 
made by men in a state of war. 

MS, Ckron. 

To CRAW, v.n. I. To crow; crawtn, 

part pa. Douglas. 

2* To boast to Taponr, S. Ferguson, 

A. S. craw-4xn, id. 

CRAW, s. A crow, S. 

Craw, ». The act of crowing, S. Bums. 

A.S. craive, Alem. craue, id. 
Ckaw-Croops, 1. pi. Crow-berries S.B. 
Craw-Di;lsb, s. Fringed fucus ; S. Fu- 

cus ciliatus, Linn. 
Craw-Taes, s. ]il. Crowfoot S. Ranun- 
culus, repcns and acris. 
CRAWDOUN, s. A coward. Doughs. 


Fr. creoni and donn^er, to do homsf^ 

To CREAM, V. o. To hawk goods, S.B. 

CasAM, CaaiK, CaAMXf <• I. A ner^ 

chant's booth, & ^cto Bed. 

Teyt. Aroffii, tabernaienimvenaliuin. 

2. A pack of goods for sale. Skene. 

Tout, krattn, Dan. kram, racfchan- 


CaiAMKR, J. A pedlar, S.B* Skene, 

Su.G. knemaret Tout AniesMr, id. 
CasAMEais, CaAKsaT, s. Merchandise, 
goods sold by a pedlar, Aberd. Lyndmy. 
TeuV kraemerije, mere. 
CajtAM-WAax, CaKiCE-WAJts, s, Artadei 
told bj those who keep booths. Brand. 
^BEEK^tfa^, The first appearance of 
the dawn, &; ikreek, S.B. Ramtay. 
Teut kriecke, aurora rutilans. 
CREEPER& V. CaxPAais. 
To CREEP IN, p. n. To shrink* Crup- 
pen in, shrtTelled, S. 
Isl. kropna^ contrahi. 
CREEPY, CREEP J E, 1.1. A low stool, 
occosiooally used in a pulpit for eleva- 
ting the speaker, S. 

2. The stool of repentance, on which 
culprits formerly sat when making pub* 
lie satisfaction in the church, S. Ramsay, 
CREESE, CREEZE, t. Crisis. Ross, 
CREIL, CREEL, «. 1. An osier has- 
ket, S. ; scuU^ synon. Rannatyne P. 
S. Panniers are also called creils, 

In a creel, in a state of mental stupefac- 
tion or confusion, & 

Ir. crUin, id. Gael, crioi, a clicst 
To CaUL, p. a. To put into a basket, S. 
CaxKLWo, s, A foolidi and indelicate ci^ 
torn, on the day after marriage, still re- 
tained among die vulgar in some places, 
To CREIS» V. n. To cuil. Douglas, 

Teut kroes-^n, Ocrm. krans-en, crism 
To CREISCH, V, a, 1. To grease, S. 


2. Metaph. applied to the use of money, 
S* Ferguson, 

3, To cnesh one's lufe, to give money as 
a veil^ or at a briber S. Journal Lond, 


CantcsK, Caaisif, s. Grease, & Dunhar* 
Fr. graisse, id. 
2. A stroke, a blow, Sb Ferguson, 

CaaucHiB, CausHir, a4f. Greasy, S. 

CRE YST, 5. One who is both diminutivo 
and loquacious. Border* 
Teut. kroes^en, to oontract* 
CREPARIS» s. pi, Grapnds of iron, S. 
creepers, BeUenden* 

CREVISU, s, A crayfish. SaOlie. 

CREWIS, pres. v. Perhaps, eravas. 

A.S. eraf-ian, id. HeiyiaU, 

To CRY, 0. a. To proclaim the bans of 

marriage, S. 
To Car, v. n. To be in labour, 8. 
Carnfo, «. Childbirth, S. GaUovsay, 

CRYKES» pL s. Angles. Bearkour, 

A.S. creeca, a creek. 
To CRIMP, v.a. To plait nicely, a 

Sw. krymp-a, to shrink. 
To CRINCH, V. a, 1. To grind with tha 

2« To crimeh ike teetk, to gnash. 
Fr. grinc-er les dents, id. 
CRINCH, «. A very smaU bU of any 

thing, S. 
To CRINE, CRYNE, v. n, I. To shri^ 
▼el, S. Evergreenm 

2. To diminish money by clipping it. 
Ir. krion-^m, to wither. Douglas, 
CRINKIE-WINKIE, j. A contenUon, 
& B. Su. G. kraenka, to be vexed. 
CRISP, CRISPE, s. 1. Cobweb kwn. 

Fr. crespe^ id. JhneU 

CRISTIE, CRISTY, a^, Peihapa curl- 
ed. Dan. irt/«;e, id. Acts Jo. IL 
CRO, CROY,«. The satisfactkm made for 
the slaughter of any OMn, according to 
his rank. Reg- Ma}. 
Gael, ero, cows, the reparation being 
made in cattle; or Ir« cro, death. 
To CROAGH, (gutt.) o. a. To strangle, 

CROCE, CROYS, s. One of the sails m 
a ship. Douglas. 

Sw. kryss-lop, the miszen-top. 
CROCHIT,/ " Covered." 

Gawan and GoL 


CROCKONITION.i. Any thing bruts- 

ed to pieces. Buekan* 

CROFT-LAND, t. Land of saperior 

quall^, which was atlU cropped, & 

Statist, Ace 
CROIL, CROTL, t. A distorted person, 

a dwarf. Teut, kridy pumilus. Polwart$ 

1. To cry as a buli does, in a low and 

hollow tone, S. MaiUand Poems, 

Belg. kreun-en, to whimper ; I&l, 

hryn-a, grunnife. 

9. To whine, to penit>t in moaning, S. 

9. Tp hum, or sing in a low tone, & 

hollow continned moan, S. JDougfas. 

S. An incantation. Bamtay. 

To CROISE, o. fi. To gossip, to talk a 

great deal about little, S.B. 

8u«G. krusa, ficta in Terbis civjlitate 

Cnosic, ai;. Fawning, wheedling, Buchan. 
CROISHTARICIf, «. The 6re.cioss, or 

aignal of war; a stake of wood, the one 

end dipped in blood, and the other 

burnt, (as an emblem of fire and sword,) 

which was conyeyed with the greatest 

expedition, till it went through the 

whole tribe or country. 

GaeL crotstarot perhaps from crois^ n 

croM, and tan, « multitude. 
CROK,s. A dwarf, Aog. 

Su. G. kmekf animal quodvis eyignam* 

Isl. krttcke, iroge, tener puellus Telpulhis. 
CROK, f. An old ewe that baa gi^n o- 

ver bearing, S. Ihinbear, 

To CROK, V, n. To suficjr decay from 

age, Gl. Sibb. 
CRONACHIN, part, pr, Goauping in 

nUttling way, 8.B. 

Perhaps from ConmscA, q* v, 
dlONDE, s. Leg. eroftde, a fiddle. 

To CRONE, o. fi. To use many words in 

a wheedling way, Buchan. 
CRONT, J. A potatoe, Dumfr. 
ZV CROOK, V, n. To halt in walking, S. 
Sw. krok-ia, id. Bamsaif, 

Caooki i. A halt, S. fiMtkerfonl, 


CROOK6ADDL£» s, A saddle Ibr sup- 
porting panniers* S.B. Staiist, 4cc, 

gla lyre, a fish, S. ; denominated from 
the cnmittg noise it make^ after being 
taken. Barry, 

To CROP the causey, to appear openly 
and boldly ; q. to keep the crown of the 
causey. Spalding* 

CROOT, J. 1. A pony, feeblechild, Loth. 

2. The youngest and feeblest of a nest, 
or of a litter, Sooth of & synon* wrig% 

Arm. crot, petit enfant. 
CROTE, s. The smallast paftide. 

Sw. kruf, powder. WyiUownf 

CROUCHIE, $, One that is honch^ 

backed, 8. Bums* 

Su.G. krok, incurruk 

To CROUP, CROWDE, v, n. U Tp 

coo as a dore. Douglas, 

9. To croak, S, BuddimatHf 

3. Metaph. to groan, to complain. 

Z. Boyd. 
C B. gridkuan, gemere ; Belg. kryt' 
«i, tp cry. 
CROUOE, s, A musical instrument forr 

merly used in S. 
CROVE, s, A cottage. V. Caurt* 
1. To croak, to cry with a hoarse Toic& 
Comjtlaynt S, 
S, To qi)Mk hoarsely, aa the effect of # 

MoeB.G. hrop^Jan, JsL hrff^f da* 

Caovrmo, Sf A hoarse found* Douglas, 

Caoor, s, A disease affecting the throat of 

a child, S. C^ynanche trackeolis, synon* 

ekock, stt^ffingf closing. Buchan* 

From the noise made In breathing. 

CROUP, f. A berry, GLSibb. V. Ca^w- 

caoors. A.S. crop, uva. 
CROUS, CROUSE, o<;. Brisk; appa- 
rently, brave, & PMis to the Play, 
Fr. courrouc^, chafed; or Su.G.Arm, 
Caousmiss, s. Appearance of courage, S. 
Poems Buchan Dial, 
CaoosBLT, otfo. With confidence, or some 
degree of petulance, S. Samsay. 



To CROUT, V. fi. 1. To make s craak- 
iog or munauring noife, & 

S« To coo^ 8. V. Cbous. Comphyni & 

CROWDIE, t, 1. MmI and water in a 

cold state, itimd together, so as to lorm 

m thick grudy & Riitan. 

9. Food of the porridge kiod in gene- 

nl. Bamtajf^ 

Su. G. groi, IsL grma-Wt poise made 

of meal and water. 

C;aowoii<«ia, «. Time of taking break- 

£ut, S. 
To CROWL, V. n. To crawl, a JStenu. 

Belg. kriol-en, id. 
CROWNELL, J. A coronet. D<mgio$4 

L. B. coronulat panra corona. 
NAL, 1. 1. An officer, to whom it be- 
longed to attach all penons, against 
whom there was an accusation in mat- 
ters pertaining to the crowfu £. coro^ 
ner, Wyniowru 

2. The commander of the troops raised 
in one countj. JSaiUie, 

CsowMA&sair, c. Hie office of a crowner. 
CROWNER,!. The name of a fish. V. 


CROW-PURSE, f. The orarinm of a 

skate^ Ofkn. 
CRUBAN, f. A disease of cows, S.B. 

Est, BigkL Soe. 
CRUBAN, f . A wooden pannier fixed on 

a hone's beck, Caitfan. Statisi. Ace, 
CRUD8» «. p/. Curds, a Skin^ 

CauDDT Bnrna, A kind of cheese, of 

which the curds, being poor, are mixed 

with butter, a &r J, Sinclair. 

CRUE-HERRINO, t. Hie Shad, Tu- 

pea Alesa, Linn. PennanL 

CRUELL, a4f. 1. Keen in battle. 


S. Resolntev undaunted. Wallace. 

8. Terrible^ ITaUace. 

4. Acute. " Cruel pain,'* acute pain, a 

CRUELS, J. The king's eril, scrophula, 

• a Fr. ecrouellet, id. Wodrow. 

CRUER, f. A kind of ship ; apparently 

the tame with CaATAK,q.T.jrrJMtf'<if^, 



hovd, a erui S.B. Henrytone. 

S. A stye. Skena* 

Isl. kroo, kro^f structura Tilis. 

CRUISKEN of wkitky, a certain^mei^ 

sure of this liquor, Ang« Dan. Artms, 

a cup. 

CRUKE, s. A circle. J)otigla9. 

Teot. kroi>en, cnrvare. 
CRUKia CROOKa **pL Tba wind- 
ings of a river, a Wallace. 

Isl. Jtroit-r, angulos. 
To CRULGE, o. o. To oontiact, to diaw 
together, a Skwfxft. 

Teut kntlUen, intorquere, sinuare. 
Caulob, i. A conftised coalition, or con« 

junction, a IsL kmll, confusio. 


for a cow that has crooked horns, a 


Isl. krumme. Gad. croei, crooked. 

CauMMocK, CAUMMDt-encK, ». A staff 

with a crooked head, a Bamt. 

CRUMMOCK, t. Skinet, a plant, a 

GaeL erumag, id. BrmuL 

To CRUMP, V. a. To make a crashing 

noise in eatbg what is hard and brittlob 

a Moritatu 

CnvMs^ CnuMin^ a^ Ciisp, brittle, a 

To CRUNE. V. Cbotk. 
To CRUNKLE, no. 1. To ciemb toi 
pie, a 

a To shrivel, to contract, a 
Teut. kronckd'ent to wrinkle. 
CxtniKLK, s. A cress, a wrinkle^ a 
CRUNT, M. A blow on the hes 

codgel, a Jhim$m 

CRUVE, CRUIVE, t. A box lesem- 
bling a hen-crib, placed in a dam ordiko 
that runs across a river, for confining 
the fish that enter into it, a 

Su. G. kntbbat pracsepe^ Acis Jo. /• 
CRUTL ACHIN, pari. /)r. Conversing in 

a silly Uttling way, aB. 
CUCHIL, CUTHIL, t. A forest or 
grove. Douglau 

C. B. coedawl, belonging to a forest. 



CUD» ^ A mong ftUfi; S. 

Tent kodde, a dob^ 
To Cud, o. a. To cudgel, S. 
Cniu>T-KVXo, J. A cudgel. DmiAar. 

CUDBEAR, «. The Lidien ompfaalodea^ 
daik purple djer*s Ucfaeo, S. 

CUDDIE, t4 An ass, ofteo cuddie-ait, S. 
CUDDIE, CUXH, «. t)ie oolerfish. 

5fa<»ff. Ace. 
CUDDING, t. The char, a fiih, Ajn. 

Staiist. Jee. 
2b CUPPLE, CUDLE, v.n. To em- 
bract, & JZofiuay. 

Teut kudd^en, cmre, oonTenire. 
CUPDLIE, #. A secret iputtermg a- 
mong a number of people, S.B. 
Teut. quedd'^n, garrire* 
2\) CUDDUM, CUDDEM, v.a.U* To 
ciMMttm a beast," to make it tame and 
tractable, S.B. 

S. To bring into domestic habits ; ap- 
plied to persons, S. Rots* 
Fr. accouium-er, to accustom* 
CuDDUM, atlj, Tarne^ usualij applied to a 

beast, S.B. 
CUDE, CUDllS, «. (pron. as Gr* ».)• A 

small tiilv Ang. V. Gx>diz.- 

CfJDE, CODE, «. A chrysom, or face. 

cloth for a child at bapUsm* Sfiottwod. 

From C. B. eudd^o, to cover. 

CUDE, CUID, tu^. Harebrained, ap- 

, peering as one der^ged, Border*; Bf" 

noo. steer, Isl. kuid-Of to fear. 
CUDEJGH, s. A bribe; a premium for 
the use of money. Loth. ; a gift oon^ 
ferred clandestinely, S» JUmsay, 

Gael, cuidaigh-anh to help. 
CUFE, s. A simpleton, & Y. Coor. 
CUFF $/* the neck, the fleshy part of tl^ 
neck behind, S. JsL kuf-r, convezitas. 
To CUINVIE, v. a. To stpke money. 

Jets Ja. It 

Fr. coignrer, id. L.B. cun-ire, id. 

iCuixTix, i« 1. Coin, ^Q. ActtJcuIV, 

2. The mint. Acts Jo, /K. 

CoiKTiz-HoDsi; «. Xhe mint< £!iv7ie« 

OnuTionac, j. The master of the mint. 

CUIRIE, J. Stable^ meTFS. V. Quiats. 

Pr. escurie, id* PUscoifie. 


CUISSER, CUSSER, «. A stallion, S. 
V,» CuBSOua. ^«rfiifOfb 

CUJST, s. A reproachful term« Polioart. 

CUITCHOURIS^ 1. i»/. Gamblers; also 
smugglers. GL Sibb, 

CULDEES, s.p^ A body of teaching 
presbyters, who, from the sixth century 
downwards, bad their establishments in 
Ireland, the Hebrides, Scotland, and 
Wales; were greatly celebrated for t|ieir 
piety ; and, acknowledging no bishop^ 
were subgect to an abbot ^hosen by them^ 
selves. D. Buchanan. 

Gael euUdeaeh, a sequestered person, 
from cuUt a retired corner, a cave, a cell. 

To CULYE. CULYIE, ».a. 1. To coax, 
to cajole, & Dougias* 

S. To soothe. Ihugfas. 

S* To cherish, to fondle. Dwglas, 

4. To gain, to draw forth. Kelly, 

5. To train to the chace. 2>ougla^ 

6. ^o cidye in with one, to curry fav9ur, 

Su.G. kel-a, to fondle; kela med fifi 
to make much of one. 
CuLTxoK, s» A poltroon, £. ctiffton. 

CoLuoKRT, s. The conductof a poltipon« 

CULLAGE, s. The characteristie parks 

Fr. cottiZfe, testes, &c. whence eoml' 
lage, culaige, tributum a subditis m«ta-* 
roonio jongendis, domino ezsolv^ndum 
CULLOCK, |. A sp^ef of ^ell-fish, 
Shetl. Neill. 

pULM^a CVhm^Z, f. A ipral club» 
CVIaFIT, part. pa. I^eg. cfi;>/i^, coupled. 
jpULREACH, f. A surety given to a 
pourt, when one is repledged fiom it* 
V. RzpLxooKf Quon. Attach. 

Ga^L cid, custody, andreacW, a law. 
CpLROUN, «. A rascal, a silly fellow. 
Belg. Ind, tcsticulus^ and ruyn-en, 
To CUM to,v.n. 1. To recover, 8. Mhot. 
$. To make advancement in ar^ S. 


S. Td rise to honour, S. PreA. 
Cbxm part. pa. Come, Loth. Burd. 

A servant attadied to a religions foun- 
dation. CuMKaa, id. Chart. MS. 
Gae]. comkairUaehi anadTiser; eont* 
harba, a partner in church lands, a vi- 
car, pron. coatb. 
CUMLIN, s. Any animal that attaches 
itself to a person or place of its own ac- 
cord, S. £. comeling, one newly come. 
CUMMAR, J. Veiatjon, entanglement^ 
£. cumber. Abp. Hamiltoun. 
Belg. kommeTf id. 
CUMMER, KIMMER, <. 1. A gossip, 
S. -R%. 

Tt. commeret a she-gofisip. 
9. A young girl, Ang. 
CtTHMKltLTKs, otg. Like cummers or gos- 
sips, Dunbar. 
CUMMOCK, f. A short staff with a 
crooked head, S.O. Burnt. 

Gael cam, crocked, with the mark of 
diminution added. 
CUMRAYD, pret.v. Encumbered, em- 
barrassed. Wyntovm. 
To CUN, v.a. I. To learn, to know, £. 
con. Dougktt. 
S. To taste. MorUgomerie, 
A. S. cunu'ant scire. 
CuMNAMD, part. pr. Knowing, skilful. 

CtiHKiKG, f . Knowledge. Acts Ja. /. 

A.$. cunnyngt ezperientia. 
CtJNNAND, t. Covenant V. Connasd. 
CUN DIE, s. An i^artment, a concealed 
hole, Ang. 

O.Fr. conduit, a shop ; boutique. 
CUKING, f. A rabbit; & kinnen, £. 
conU, Dunbat. 

Belg. konyut Sw. kanin, Gael, com- 
ntn, id. ; Lat cunicuiut. 
Cumingae, 8. A watren, S. ActtJa. L 
Sw.kaningaard, from kanin, id. and 
gaard, an inclosure. V. Yairx. 
CUNYSANCE, t. Badge, cognisance. 

Fr. cognoitsance, id. Gawan and M. 
CUNTENYNG, $. Generalship. V. 


CUPPIL, t. Rafter. V. Coupls. 

CUPPLIN, s. The lower psrt of the back- 
bone, S.B. 

CURAGE, t. Care, anxiety. Dough*' 

CURCUDDOCH, 1. To dance cwrctirf- 
doch, or curcuddie, a play among chil- 
dren, in which they sit on their houghs^ 
and bop round in a circular form, S. 

2. Sitting doset ogether, S. B. Ro9i. 

3. Cordial. JTeUy. 
To CURE, V. a. To care for. Lyndsajf. 
Coaa, «. Care^ anxiety ; Fr. 

Police Hon. 

CURER, t. A cover, a dish. Houlate. 

To CURFUFFLE, v. a. To discompose, 

to dishevel, S. V. FinrLS. Rosu 

CURIE, t. Search, investigation. Douglas* 

Fr. quer-it, to inquire. 
CURIOUS, adj. Anxhnts, fbnd, S. 

To CURL, CURLE, s. To cause a stone 
to move alongst Ice towards a mark, & 
CuRLXB, s. One who amuses himself by 
curlingt S. BaiUie. 

CuauNo, s. The act of pushing tlones on 
ice, S. Pennant. 

CtiEUKG-SrAVE, s. A stone used in curl- 
ing, S. Ramsay. 
Tent UruU-en, sinuare, flectere. 
CURLDODDY, s. 1. Ribgrass. ' 

Evergreen. Border Mhutreisy. 
2. Natural clover, S. Orkn. NeiB. 

CuaLDODDtxs, s. pi. Curled cabbage, S. 
CURLIES, Colewort, of which the 

leaves are curled, S.B. 
CURLOROU3, adj. Churlish, niggard- 
ly. Bannatyne Poems. 

A. S. ceorlf rusticus. 
CURMURRINO. j. Grumbling ; that 
motion of the intestines produced by 
Blight gripes, S. Bums. 

Teut koer-en, gemere; mort'en, mur- 
CURN. KURN, s. 1. A grain, a single 
seed, S. 

2. A particle, part of a grain, S. 

Chalm. Air. 

3. A quantity, an indefinite number, S, 

4. A number of persons, S. Joum.Londn 


Uo&uG.kaumo, Su.G. torn, agrain. 
CuiMT, at{i. Grainy, S. Genn. kemicht. 
CURPHOUR, t. The curfew. 

Bannatyne Poems. 
CURPLE, «. A crupper, S. ¥r. croupe, 
CURPON, CURPIN, f. 1. The rump of 
a fowl, S. 

2. Applied ludicrously to the buttocks 
of man, S. Bums. 

Fr. erojiioHt the rump. 
To CURR, iMi. To coo, S. V. Cormub- 

Tb CURR, v.n. To lean. 

IsL kurcf avium more feclinattis qui- 
CURRACH, CURROK. «. A skiff or 
small boat. Gael, curach. Bellenden. 
cart made of twigs, S. B. Staiisi. Jcc 
Gael, oiingreacht a cart or wag- 
^ «. A stallion. Wallace. 

Fr. coursieret a tilting horae. 

CUSCHE', CU3SE^ «. Armour for the 

thighs. WyrUown. 

Fr. cu$9ot, id. from cuiite, the thigh. 

C:USCHETTE, 9. A ringdove. V. Kow- 


CUSHLE.MUSHLE, t. Earnest and 
continued muttering, S.B* Boss. 

Su.G. huk-a, to soothe; musk-a, to 
CUSYNG, J. Accusation. Wallace. 

CUSSER, s. V. Cuasona. 
CUSTOC,j. V. Castock, 
who receives duty on goods, S. 

Acts Ja. jr. 
CUSTROUN, s. A low-bom fellow. 


O. Fr. coesinHf b4Uid, enfant ille* 

gitime ; Gl. Roquefort 

CUT, s. A lot. To draw cuts, to determine 

by lot. Douglas, 

CUT, f. A certain quantity of yam, 8. 

Statist* Ace. 
CUTE, COOT, *. The ankle, a 

Teut kuyte, sura. Lyndsay. Dunbar. 
CUTS,*. AthiogofaoT«ltt«. JDim^ar. 


CUTE, ac{;. Oever, expert, 8.B. 

A.S. cuih, expertus. 
To CUTER, V. a. To cocker, S. V. 5u» 


CUTH,'C00TH, *. The coalfish, before 
it be fully grown, Orkn. Statist, Ace* 
susceptible of cold, S. B. 

Belg. koudt cold, and ryk, denoting 
full possession of any quality. 
CUTIKINS, Spatterdashes & 

From cutCf tlie ancle. 
To CUTLE, 0. n, To wheedle; To culle tn 
with one, id. S. PUscottie* 

Teut. quedel-en, garrire. 
To CUTLE, V, a. To eutle com, to carry 
com out of water-mark to higher 
ground, W. Loth. ctUhil, Pertlis. 
3ax. kaut^en, Su.G. kiut'a, mutare» 
CUT-POCK, s. The stomach of a fish, 
&B. Bof§» 

CUTTIE, s. The Black Gulliemet, S.O. 
CUTTY, CUTTIE, a({j. Short, & ; 

Gael* CKlac/i, short, bobuiled. Hence^ 
Cunis* CuTii, s. I. A popgun. 


2. A spoon, S. Gael, cutag, id. Boss, 

S. A short tobacco pipe, S. , Bamsay, 

Cnmi-BoTN, s^ A small tub for washing 

the feet in; Lanerks. Ayrs. 
CuTrr-Faas, adj. Able to take one's food, 

CoTTT-Runo, <• A cropper, formed by • 
short piece of wood fixed to the saddle 
at each end by a oord. Means. 
CUTTY-STOOL, *. 1. A low stool, & 

2. The stool of repentance, S. V. Kj»- 
TIK. Sir J. Sinclais\ 

From eutiy, kUtie, a light woman. 
CUTTIT, CUTTED, at^j. I, Abropt, S. 
S. Laconic and tart, & 
CuTTRUx, CunsDLY, odv. L With quick 
but unequal motion. Buret* 

9. Suddenly, abruptly, S. 

3. Laconically and tartly, S. BailHf* 
CUTWIDDIE, s. The piece of wood by 

which a faamnr is ftstened to the yokc^ 



CUTWORM, s. A small white grab, 
which destroys Tegetables, by eiUHng 
through the stem, 8. 


CUWYN, J. StniUgem. V. Coinmn. 
CUZ, adv. Closely, Aug.; synon. Cosily 
9. T« 

DA, i. l)ay. V. Daw. Douglas. 

DA', DAE. DAY. «. Doe. AcUJa. VL 

A. & tfa, Dan. deui, id. 
DA, s. A sluggard. V. Daw. 
To DAB, DAUB, i>. a. 1. To peck, as 

l»rdsdo,S. J.NicoL 

2. To prick. PopuXar 3all, 

Das, s, 1. A stroke from the beak of a 

bird, S. 

2. A smart posh. Creichton. 

DABLET, s. An imp, a little deril. 

IV. tUabUteath id. WdUon*s Coil. 

Tb DACKER, DAIKER, v. a. 1. To 

search; to search for stolen goods^ & Bt 

9. Td engage^ to grapple, S.B. 

9. TotoOasinjdbworic. GL SO^ 

4. To deal in a peddling way, S. 

5. To be slightly employed, S. 

Gael. tfeacAokf-am, to ibllo^ ; Flem. 

dded^-etii to fly about. 
DACKLE. f. Snspence, hesitation ; ap- 
plied both to sensible olvjecti^ and to 

the mind, S. B. 
Dacxuk} part,pt\ 1. In a state of doubtt 


2. Slow, dilatory, &B. 
Dackun, s. a slight shower ; " a daekUn 

of rain," 6.B* 
2b DAD, DAUD. o. a. 1. To thrash, S;B. 

2. To dash, to drive forcibly, S. Xnox. 

3* To throw dirt soas to bespatter, & 
To Dao Dowir, v. n« 7^ lUl or ^p down 

forcibly and with noise, & JZanuo^. 
Dad, s. a sudden and liolent stroke, 9. 

To DADDLB, DAIDLE, v. a. 1. Tb 

draggle, S. 

9. To do any work ia s slovenly wayt 


To DADDLE, DAIDLE, o.ii. 1. T« 
be slow in motion or action, S. 

2. To waddle, to wriggle, S. 

3. To doddle and drink, to tipple, S. 
V. Dawdie. 

DADDLE. DADDLIE,f. A larger sort 

of bib. S. 
To DAFF, V. fi. To be foolish* Poiwart, 
Sax. dav-en insanire ; Su. G. d^fkh-a, 

sensu prirare, dofn-^i, stuper<\ 
Dapfibt, s. 1. Romping, frolirksomeneasy 


2. Thoughtlessness, folly, S.B. Ross. 
X)Kvrvst, DAFPiifo, J. 1. Folly in general. 

Si Ramsay, 

2. Pastime g^^J> S* Lyndsay, 

^. Escessive di?ersion« JTdZy. 

4. Matrimonial intercourse. & P. iZ<pr. 

5. Derangement, frenay. MeUvUTs MS. 
Daft, ai(;. I. Delirious, stupid; S. 

2. Foolish, unnrise, & Lyndsay, 

5. Giddy, thoughtless, S. DiaUog, 

4. I^ayful, innocently gay, S. Ramsay„ 

5. Gay, to excess, S. Ross, 
e*. Wanton. S. Shirrrft. 
7. Extremely eager for ihe attainment 
of any object, or foolishly fond in the 
possession of it, S. 

Isl. dauf-r, damftt fatuus, subtristis ; 
Su. G. dorfj stupidus. 
Daft Dats, The Christmas holidays, S. 

Daftlt, ado. Foolishly. S. Ramsay. 

Daftukb. a4j. Having the appearance of 
folly, S. Ramsay, 

Dafthkss, s. Foolishness. Abp,Hamiltouu, 
DAFFICK, f. A coarse tub or trough, 

To DAG, V. o. To shoot, to let fly. 

To DAG, «• n« To rain gently, 8, 


til. dcgg-^ta, rigo, Sir. dugg-^i, to 

2>AQ» s. 1. A tblD, or gentle rain, SL 

111. dauggi pluvia, Sw. dagg,^ a thick 

or drixiling rain. 

9. A thick fog, a mist, & 
Su.G.dag;, dew. 
DAY.NETTLES, Dead netUei, an heib^ 

DAIGH, 1. Dough, S. jRamjoy. 

A.S. daJi, id. 
Daiohib, «. 1. Doughy, S. 

S. Soft, inactive, deititute df^irit, 8. 
DAIKER, s. A decad. iSibrfM. 

Su.G. (/eiSvr, id. 
DAIKIT,jNin.;ia. " Ithaa ne'er been 

daildt" it has never been used, Ang. 
DAIL, «. I. A part, a portion ; E. deai, 

2. A nnmber oi persons. Chr, JT. 

To have dale, to have to do. Douglas. 
DAILy «. A ewe^ which not becoming 

pregnant iafiutened for consumption. 
DAIMEN, a^. Rare, occasional, S. a«a. 

trin, synon* 
Daiksm-Ickeb, j. An ear of com met with 

occasionally, S. Burnt. 

From A.S. aecett an ear of com, and 

pcriiaps diemeni, counted, from A.S. 

dem-on, to reckon. 
DAINTA, DAINTIS, hUeiy. It avails 

BoC, Abeid. J2o«fk 

Teut. <ficfi-«ii, to avail, and intet, no- 
DAYNTE^ «. Regard. Wyntown. 

Daiiitt, 1. 1. Pleasant, good-humoured, S. 

2. Worthy, excellent, S. Burnt. 

IsL dalndi, evcellenter bonum quid; 

danditmadr, homo virtuosus; rendered 

in Dan., enhravmand, S. Bhrawtnans 

perfectly synon. with ** a dainty man.** 
Daintith, t. A dainty, & J^eUy, 

DAISE, i. The part of a stone braised in 

consequence of the strokes of the pick^ 

axe or chisael, Ang. 
DAYI& 7o Aoltf dayu, to bold a trace. 

time^ when those are iummoned to at- 


tend, who have interest in a court of 

justice. Wallace^ 

Isl. lagdag, dies lege praefinitus. 

DAIT, t. Destiny. Wallace. 


A day's work, S. darg. V. Daro. 

A. S. daegweorc, id. Wyntonm. 

DALK, t. Varieties of tlate clay, some^ 

times common day, S. Statitt. Aec. 

DALLY, «. The stick used in binding 

sheaves, Border. 
DALLY,«. 1. Agirrspuppet,S.B.E.<<oa. 
2. A painted 6gore. Moriton. 

DALLIS, 3/1. t. V. Dawns. Godly Balh 
DALM ATYK, t. A white dress worn by 
Kings and Bidiops. Wyntoum* 

Thus denominated, as being brought 
from Daimatia. 
To DAM, V. n. To urine. Maitland P. 
DAMBROD. V. Dams. 
DAMMAGEUS, cu(/. Iiyurious* 


To DAMMISH, tfc a. Tt> stun, to stupi- 

fy, a BoUock. 

Germ, damisch tnachen, to stun one*8 


DAMMYS, DAMMEia <• Damagcw 

Fr. dommage. Gl. Sibb, 

To DAMPNE, V. a. To condemn. 
DAMS, t. jd. The game of draughts, S. 
Sw. dam, damptd. Id. ; dambraede, S. 
DAN, ff. A term equivalent to Lord, Sir. 
O. Fr. Douglat. 

To DANCE kit or ker lane / a phrase ex- 
pressive, either of great joy, or of vio- 
lent rage, S. Jamet V* 
To DANDER, o.n. 1. To roam, & 
2. To go about idly, to saunter, S. 

5. To roam, without a fixed habiution, 
S. Ferguton^ 

4. To trifle to mispeud one's time, S. 

5. To bewilder one's self, ftom want of 
attention, or stupidity, S. BureL 

DANDERS, t,pl. Therefuseof asmitb*a 

fire, S. 
DANDIE, DANDY, t. A principal peiw 

son or thing; whatis nice, fine, orpoa^ 


gnsing sitperomineDce in whatever way, 

S. V. Dainty. B. Gailtnvai/. 

DANDI£F£CH AK, «. A hoUow stroke 

on any part of the body, Fife. 
To DANDILL, v. n. To go about idly. 

Fr. dandin-^, *' to go gapiqg ilfa- 
tooredly/' Cotgr. 
brated, &B. Rot$, 
Dandillt, <. A female who is ipoiled by 
admiration, & CMand* 
Perhaps from the tame origin witit 
D AND KING, par/. j>r. Emitting an un- 
equal sound. Evergreetu 
Teut. donder^eut tonare. 
t>AN£, DAINE, adj. Gentle, modest 

O. Fr. dain^ dainty, fine. L^ndtayi, 
DA NG, prrt. of Dino, q. r. 
great eiertion made by a pursuer, expo- 
sing another to imminent danger. 

9. In hit dawnger, in his power* 

ff. Bui daumgere, without hesiUtion. 

O. Fr. danger, power, dominion. 
DANGER, a4f. Perilous. Wattaee. 

DANT, #. V. Debt. PrietU PeUit, 
To DANT, V. a. To subdue. 

Jbp, Hamiltoun. 
DAKT8a,<. A umer, a subduer. Dffuglat. 
To Da?siok, e. a. To subdue, S. 

Fr. domter, donler, id. PiUcoUie. 
To DARE, (pron. daar) v, tu To be a- 
fraid, to stand in awe, Ang. 

Sw. darr-a^ to quake, to tremble. 
To DARE. Perhaps, to hurt V. Dire. 
Sir Gawan* 
DARE, ai{j. Stupid, dull. Houlate, 

Su. G. daere, stultus. 
DAR6, DARK, s. 1. A day's work, S.; 
anciently da^werk, q. ▼. SHatisi, Acc» 
9. A certain quantity of work, whe- 
ther more or less than that of a day. 


DAaotKG, DAKOunra, «. The work of a 

day-labourer, S. B, Galloway* 


Dascik, t, A day-labourer, S. 

MinitreUy Border* 
DARGEIS» pL Diiiget. Bannaiyne P. 
DfiRGiE, S. y. DaXQIB. 
DARKLINS, adv. In the dark, S. 

To DARN, DERN, e. a. To conceal, S. 
Aeit Ja. rj. 
To DxRK, r* n. To hide one's self. 

A.S. diorn'on, occultare. Hudton* 

Dakk, aty. Secret, S. Wallace. 

In dem, adv. In secret BanwOyne P. 

DARRAR,actf. Dearer. Abp. IlanUUoun. 

To DARREN, v. a. To provoke. 

A. S. dearr-an, audere. Douglai. 

To DASCAN, e. n. To contemplate^ to 

scan. BwreU 

lAt. de and tcando, whence E. tean. 

To DASE, DAISE, v. a. L To stupify, 

S. JFynioum, 

S. To benumb. Douglat. 

Su.G. dat-a, ianguere, date, itupidus. 

DASE. On date, alive, q. on dayt* 

Gawan and GoL 
To DASH, v. a. L To flourish in wri- 
ting, S. 

S. To make a great shew, S. 
Dash, «. I. A flourish in writing, S. 

2. A splendid appearance, S. Fergutmu 
DAS KANE, t. Singing in parU 

Lat dUcant'Ut. Montgomerie* 

DASS» <. L Datt of a hay stack, that 
part of it that is cuA off with a hay- 
knife. Loth. 

2. A datt of com, that which is left in 
the bam after part is removed, Fife. 

. C. B. dot, a heap of grain, Teut tagp 
DAS8> u A atiatum of stoats, & 

Statitt, Ace. 

To DATCH, e. a. To jog, to skake, &B. 

perhaps originally the same with £. 


DATIVE, t. A power legally granted to 

one to act as executor of a latter will, 

when it is not coofinned by the proper 

heirs, S. Actt Sedt, 

DAUD, t. A large piece. V. Dawd. 

DAUEi a4;. Listlen, ioictlTe. V. Daw. 



DAV£L» DEVEL, «• A sttiimiagblow, 
S. Gi. Sibb. 

2rV» DAUER, DAIVER, v. a. To stuo, 
to stupUy, Loth. 

To Daueb, Daitu, v.ii« 1. To become 

stupid. Burei- 

2, To be benumbed, S.B. Jounu Land. 

Su.G.datir-a, in&tuere, Teut. daver- 

en, tremere. 

To DAW, V. n. To dawn. JTaliaee. 

A.S.daeg'ian. Sw. dag'a$, luoescere. 

Daw, «. Day; O.E. dawe. 

DwKE OF Daw, dead. Wt^MM. 

Daw, DA, «. 1. A sluggard, & Douglas. 

S, Appropriated to a woman, as equina* 

lent to £. drab, S.B. JTelly. 

Iftl. daa, defect, fainting ; deliquium 


DAW, 5. An atom, a particle, aB. 
Aoc. Ootb. dmof vaporare. 

DAWACHE, DAVOCH, *. As much 

land as can be properly laboured by 

eight oien. Quon. Au. 

Gael. damA, pron. dav, an ox, and 

acht field. 

DAWCH, DAIV, adj. Apparently the 
same with Daue, inactive. Wallace. 

DAWD, D AUD, #. A considerably Urge 
pieceof any thing, S. Kdly. 

Isl. todde, portio, ftomus. 

Dawds avd Blawds. The blades of cole- 
wort boiled whole, S. GL Shirr, 

DAWDIE, s. a dirty slovenly woman, 
S.B. OJ:. dowdy. 
Isl. davda dofipa, foemella ignava. 

Dawoik, ae^. Slovenly, sluttish, S. B. 

To Dawdle, v. n. To be indolent or slo- 
venly, Perths. 

DAW-FISH, s. The lesser Dog-fish, 
Orkn. Barry, 

DAWING, s. Dawn of day. Barbour. 
A. S. dagung, aurora. 

DAWPIT, adj. In a state of mental im- 
becility, Ayrs. V. Dowp. 

To DAWT, DAUT, v, a, 1. To fondle, 
to caress, S. Ross. 

2. To dote upon. Samsayt. 

IsL dad'Ur, gestus amatorius* 

Dadtuco, DAUTKijiOy f . The act of fond- 
ling. JDuniar% 


Dawtzi, Dawyk', s. 1. Kindness, endear- 
ment. DuiUKtr. 

2. A darling, a favourite, S. Sherrift, 
DAwrrr, Dauteb, />or^j7a. Fondled. 
DAY NOR DOOR. / canna hear day 

nor door, I can hear nothing for noise, 

S. B. Journal Lond, 

To DE, DE^, V. n. To die. Douglas. 
Dome to db. Killed. Dovglau 

DEAD MEN'S BELLS. Foxglove, S. 
DEAF, acy, I. Flat, applied to soU, & 
Su. 6. danfjord, terra stcrilis. 

8. Without vegetable life ; often applied 

to grain, S. 

A.S. deqfcomi frumentum sterile. 

3, Rotten; as, a deaf nil, S. Teut doow 
noot, id. 

DEAMBULATOUR, s. A galleiy. 

Lat deambulator.-iunh id. Douglas. 
DEAN, DEN, s. 1. A boUow whero the 
ground slopes on both sides, & 

Stalist. Aec. 

2. A small valley, S. Staiitt. Ace* 

A.S. den^ vallis. 

To DEAR, 17. n. To savour. Polwari. 

DEARCH, DERCH, s. A dwarf. V. 

Droich. Evergreen, 


contrary to tliat of the sun, GaeL 
To DE AVE, V, n. To deafen. V. Dsve. 
To DEAW, V. n. To rain gently, to drix- 
zle, S.B. 

A. S. deaw-ian, Belg. daw»en, id. 
DEBAID, s. Delay. Barbour. 

To D£BAIT,9.a. ToiptoiBCi, BeUenden. 
To DEB AIT, o. a. To lower. Douglas. 
To DEB AIT, V, a. To be diligent in pio- 
curing any thing. Betlenden. 

Fr. debat-^f to strive. 
DEBAITMENT, s. Contention. 

Fr. debaiement, id. Police Honour. 
To DEBORD, 9. a. To go beyond pro- 
per bounds. Afofv. 
Fr. debord'cr, to exceed rule. 
DxaoaDiNo, s. Excess. 
To DEBOUT, V. a. To thrust from ; Fn 
debaui-er. Godscroft. 
DECAY, s. A decline, & Brand. 
To DECORS, v» a. To adorn, Fr. decor^ 
er, M. Bruce* 

t>ECOURTED, part> pa. Diaiiitssed 
from court. MelviU, 

PEDE, DEID, f. 1. De«th, a,O.E. 


8. The cauM of deatb, S. 

MitutreUy JBorder, 

9. The manner of dying. ffyntaknu 
A.& ded, Su.G. doed, id 

•DcDicMACK, 5. The sound made bj m 
woodwoom. S. Chackie-miU, 

Dsdi-Ill, St Mortal sickness. Wynioufm 

DcDLTxa, «(^ Deadly. A. a deadlic. 


I>VDK>Nip, t. A blue mark in the body, 
ascribed to necromancy ; witch* t ni/y, 
synon. & Teut. doode^nep, id. 

Didb-Thraw, s. 1. The agonies of death. 
A.S. Mroitfan, agonisare. BeUenden. 
S. Meat is said to be in the dead-thraw, 
when neither cold nor hot, S. 
3. Left in the dead'thrawt left unfinish- 
ed, S. 

deign. Douglas. 

DEE, s. A dairy-maid. V. Dar. 

DEEP, 5. The deepest part of a river. 

Law Case. 

DEEPDRAUCHTIT, a^. Designing, 
crafiy, S. from deept and drattcht a 

Heath dobrush, S. Minstrelsy Border* 

To DEFAIK, v. a. To relax, to remit; 
Fr. defatfu-er. BeUenden. 

To D£FAILL» «. ik To wax feeble. Fr. 
defnU-er. Wallace, 

To DEFAISE, «. a. To deduct 

^cts Marie. 

DarAitAMCx, s. I, Excuse, subterfuge. 
Fr. d^te, a shift. Jets Ja. IV. 
S. Defalcation, deduction. Jtcts Marie. 

DEFAME, s. Infamy^ Douglas, 

DEFAWTYT, part, pa. Forfeited. 

Fr. dffhill'er, to make a default* 

To DEFEND^ v. a. To ward off. 

Fr. defend-re, id. JTm^'x Quotr. 

To DEFOUL, e. a. 1. To defile. Douglas. 
S. To dishonour. Gawan and Gal. 

Dxfowu^ f . Disgrace. , JVynto 


To DEFOUND. «. a. To pour dowtk 

Lat defund'O. Douglas* 

DEGEST, attf. Grave. Douglas. 

Lat digest-us. 
DiGKeruc, ade. Sedately. Douglas* 

DEGESTEABLE, ati(f. Concocted. 

Fr. digest-er, to concoct Wallaee, 
DEGYSIT, port. pa. Disguised. 

JTtng'f Qmair. 
Fr. deguis-eri to disguise. 
DEGOUTIT, part, pa. Spotted. 

JTing's Quair. 

DEY, 5. A daiiy-maid, &B. Dee, Loth.! 

• 8w. d^ a dairy-maid. JKoii. 

To DEY, V. n. To die. fTyntounu 

DEIL, DEILLE, s. Part, quantity. A 

deille, any thing. WaUace* 

Ha(fdele, the one half. Douglas* 

DEIL, DEEL» s. The deril, S,Ramsay- 

DxiL*B DossK, the number thirteen, S. 

Apparently ftom the idea, that the 

thirteenth is the devits lot. 

DxiL*s Ddno, Assafoetida, named from ita 

stench, & 
Dxil*b Snuffbox, the common puff-ball, S. 
Dkil*s Sfooks, 1. Great water plantain, S. 

8. Broadleaved pondweed, S. 
DEIR, aiy» Bold, daring. 

Gawan and Got* 
DEIR, adj. Wild. ^ Gawan and Got. 

Id. dyr, a wild beast 
DEIR, DERE, s, A wild animal. 
DEIR, s. Perhaps, precious. 

Gowanond GoL 
D£IS» DESS, DEAS» s, I. The upper 
place in a hall, where the floor was rai« 
sed, and a canopy spread over head. 


S. A long seal erected against a wall, S. 


5. A table. PoptdarBaO* 

4. A pew in a church, S»B. 

Popular Bail 
O. Fr. dais, a thlrone or canopy. 
To DELASH, v. a. To discharge. 

O. Fr. deslach-er, id. R. Bruce, 

To DELATE, v. a. To accuse, a law 

term, S. Bollocke* 

L. B. delat'are, id. 

Di&AToa* s* An accusefi S. BolUd^ 


DELF. «. 1. A pit Dougftu* 

S. A g»Te. Wyniown. 

Belg. deive, a pit ; deh^en, to dig. 
5. Crockerj, & Hence delf-htnue, a 
pottery, S. 
rious. Sums. 

To DELYVER, ».n. 1. To deliberate. 
8» To determine. JBeUenien, 

Lat. deUber-are, 
DELIUER, a4j. Light, agile^ Barbour, 

O.Fr. delivre, libre, degage. 
DauuxaLT, adv. Nimblj. Barbour. 

DELTIT, pari. adj. Treated with great 
care, for preventing injury, Banflfs. 

III. daella, indulgeotiut, dalaeti, ad- 
miratio ; vera t daUteti, haberi in deli- 
3b DELUGE, V. n. To dislodge. 

Fr. deUg^er, to remoTe. Lyndaay. 


treat ; generally to maltreat, S. B. 

O. Vt. demain-er, traiter. Dunbar. 

lb DEMAINE, DEMEAN, v. a. To 

paniih by cutting off the band. 

Lat. de and Maniu, Fr. matn, hand. 
DEMAN YT, part. pa. Demeaned. 

DEMELLE, <• Rencounter. Buddiman. 

Fr. demel-er, to contett. 
DEMELLIT, part. pa. Hurt, injured, 

DxttaLuni, s. A hurt, Abg. q. the effircts 

of a broil. 
To DEMENT, v. a. To deprive of reason. 


DiMKMTBD, ai(f. I. Insane. 8. Wodrow. 

S. Unsettled in mind, S. BaUlie. 

Lat denuns, insane. 

DxttxiVTATioK, t. Derangement Wodrow. 


judge, &B. 

8. The officer of a court, who pronoun- 
ces doom. Justice Air. 
A.S. demr^n, to judge. 
DEMT,|Nifr. pa. Judged, doomed. 

Barbour, , 
DEN, s. A hollow. V. Dkait. 


DEK, f. 1. A respectful title prefixed to 

names. V. Dan. Wyntvmn. 

S. A dean. Houlaie. 

To DEN, V. a. To dam. Barbour. 

DENCE, cut/. Danish. Godly BaU. 

DxMSMAir, s. A Dane. Zhmbar. 

DENK, a4f. I. Trim. V. Dink. Z^a n^r. 

8. Saucy, nice. Dunbar, 

DENSAIXES, Danish axes. 

Statist, jtec. 

DENT, DINT, s. Affection. To tyne 

dent of a person or thing, to lose regard, 

Ang. Ferguson. 

DENT, part. pa. Indented. 

Fr. dent^t id. Gatvan and GoL 

DENTIL J OUN, s. Dandelion, an herb, 

8. Fr. dent de lyon* Douglas. 

DEPAYNTIT, Painted. King's Qiwor. 

To DEPAIR, v.a. To ruin. Police Hon. 

Fr. deper^r, to perish. ^ « 
To DEPART, DEPERT, v. a. To di- 
videi Fr. depart'4r, id. Barbour. 

To dispatch. BeUenden^ 

Fr. despesch»er, id. 
7b DEPONE, V. n. Totteti/yon oath, a 
L. B. depon-ere, testari Statist. Ace* 
To DEPRISE, v,a. To depreciate. 

Fr. despriS'-er. Lyndsay. 

To DEPULYE, v. a. To spoil Douglas. 

Fr. depouiU-er. 
To DER, V. a. To hazard. Barbour. 

A.S. deoT'ian, Belg. derr-en, id. 
DERAY, J. 1. Disorder. Barbour. 

2. Mirthful noise at a banquet. i>oii^/a5. 
Fr. desroy, deroi, disorder. 
To DERE, DEIR, v.a. 1. To hurt 


2. To dere tlpon, to make impression, 

S.B. A.S. cfer-ian, nocere. 

Dxxx, Dxa, Dxia, s. Injury. Wallace, 

To DERE, V. a. To fear. BureL 

DERE, s. Any beast of game. Wyntoum, 

A.Sb dear, Su.G. diur, Isl. dyr, id. 
DERE, s. A precious person. Houlaie, 
RENYHE, V. a. To determine a con- 
troversy by battle. Barbour. 

O. Fr. derainier, pnmTcr ton droit en 
justice; Roquefort 


PuETiiit Dnuyx, «. Cootttt, decbion. 

Tu DERENE, v. a. To diflorder. 

BERETH, «. Some kind of office an- 
cicDdy held in S. Chart. Dutff, 

2V> DERNE, v.a. Ferbapt for dawren. 


DERF, a^j. 1. Bold and hardy. VougjUu. 

S. Capable of great exertion. Douglat. 

S. Posseanng « lullen taciturnity, &>B. 

4. Severe, crueL Wallace, 

Isl. diarf-ur, Su. G. diaerf, daring. 

Derfflt, adv. Vigoroosly. Wattaee. 

DERGAT, «. Taigeu Wyntowru 

Gael iargaid. 
To DERN, V. a. To hide. V. DarNi v. 
To DERT, v.a. To dart. Xing*s Quair. 
descril^S. Hamilton. 

To D£SPITE» V. n. To be filled with in- 
dignation, S.B. Fr, te detpit'er. 
DET, c. Duty. . Fr. deUe. PaUce Hon. 
PcrrDLL, oc{;. Due. JTnor. 

", Indebted. BeUenden. 
DETBUNDfOct;. Predestinated. 2>ot«iM. 

O.Fr. «f(?/, adie. 
To DEUAIJU DEUAL, v. n. 1. To de- 
scend. Ihuglat. 
8. V, a. To let falL PaUee Honour. 
Fr. devaU'Cr. 
Pkvall, t. A sunk fence, Clydesd. 
To DEVALL, DEVALD, v. n. To 
cease, to intermit, S. Ferguaon. 
Su* G. dwal^ to delay. 
DiVALL, DZVALD^ t. A ccssatioD, S. 

Isl. duaul, mora. 
DEUCH, TEUCH, s. I. A draught^ a 
poUtion, S. v. Teucb. 
2. Drink in gcnend, S.B. 


drink taken at the door, & 

8. Equivalent to stark-loife and kmdne$h 


Gael deoek an d&nds, the parting 


To DEVE, DEAVE, ©. o. To stupify 

vrlth noise, & ICing Hart. 

Su. G. dorf-Vfa, Isl. de^f-a, to desfen. 

BEVEL, s. A stunning blow. V. Davsl. 


To talk. Fr. devis-er, id. ^arbour^ 

DEUGIND.a^;. Wilful, Utigious, Caithn. 

DEUK, f. Covert, shelter, S. a V. Jouk. 

DEULE WEEDS, moumiog weeds. 
Fr. deuUt mourning. Acts Ja. FL 

DEVORE, DEUORE, s. Service. Fr. 
devoir. iFyntounu 

DEW, a4f. Moist. JDouglat. 

DEW, pre^ Dawned. V. Daw. Wallace, 

DEWGAR, «. A saluution. Wallace. 
Fir, JMeu garde. 

DEWGS, s.pU Rag^ shreds, & Banuay. 

To DEWYD, DEWOYD, v.n. To di- 
vide. Wallace. 

To DEWYSS^ DIUISS, v. a. To divide. 
Fr. drcif-er, id. Sarbour. 

DEWYT, deafened, stunned. V.Davi. 

DEWOR, D£WORY,<.Duty.JBar6our. 

DEW-PIECE, f, A piece of bread given 
to servants when going out early to their 
work, S. B. Sinelair. 

DGUHARE, Uoulate. Leg« Alqukaft. 

DIBBER-DEBRY, 9. CooAised debate, 
S.a Rm. 

DIBLEBv a. A laige wooden platter. 

Burrow Laweu 
O. Ei dobOer, O. Fr. douhUer, assiette. 

To DICE, o. a- To sew in a waved form, 
S.B. Bou. 

To DICHT, DYCHT, v. 1. To prepare. 


A.S, diki'^mf Geim. dkht-eu, parave. 

8. To deck, S. Douglas. 

8. To dicss food. Bitson. 

4. To polish. Douglas. 

5. To wipe^ 8. CWstf. 

6. To dry by rubbing, S. Boss. 

7. To sift, & Cumb. Bums* 

8. To treat, to handle. Douglas, 

9. To handle, applied to the mind, S. B. 
Belg. dicht»en, Su. G. dickt-^t tocom« 


la To drub, & B. Hamilton. 

11. To make an end of. Douglas* 

DiCHTiMOs, Refuse, S. Bats. 

2. The refuse of com, S. syoon. shag. 
To DICT.©.«. To dicutew V. Dita. 
To DIDDLE, V. n. 1. To move like a 

dwarf, S. Bamsajf. 


9« To riiflke, to jog. JBttmi. 

Id. dudd'€ttt aegnipe»eiw. 
DIE, *. A toy, • gewgaw. Loth. 
DIET-BOOKE, ». A duoy. Ca/<teniH>od. 

L.B. diaet-^if iter unius dieL 

DIFFKR, t. A difference S. Bp. Farbet. 

DIFFICIL, adj. Difficult. OmphyfU & 

To DIFFOUND, v. a. Toe&RtmJhiuglas. 

DIGNE.. adj. Worthy. V. Dnro* 

DIKE, DYK, *. 1. A wall, S. JEW/y. 

2. A Tein of i«AtnJtati«, trarffaing the 

strata of coal, 8. SUUist, Ace. 

5. iMilcb. fTaBaci. 

A.S. die, 9a.G.dike,id. 

To Dtk, 9.0. To inclose with famparti or 

itches. Barbour. 

Dkkr, Drraa, s. One who Imiid* inclo- 

sures of ftonc^ generally without lime ; 

alio dry^diktr, & Aoltse. Ace. 

2\> DILL, V. «u To ooneea]« CoOaiKto*. 

III. dfyl^«, 8tt.O. d9d^ oceiritare* 
To DILL, V. a. To aMuage or remote. 
ilannafyn« Poems. 
A.& dt^-ion, ddcre; UL di0-a, laU 
To DtLL Dowv, V. n. To tnbside. i7«We. 
DILATOR, *. A delay; old law term. 

L. B. dHataref to del^. BaiUie. 

DtLP, ». A trollop. Bou. 

Sw. todfp, en awkward fellow. 
To DYMENEW, v. a. To dimhiiih. 


3V DIN, DYN, t;.ti. 1. To makea noise. 

GawoH and GoL 

2. To resound. A.& dyn-tfn, id. Btxrbour. 

D YND, paH. pa. Bannaiyne Poetm. 

To DING, vk 0. 1. Todriye^ & BeUenden. 

2. To exert one*s self. Henrytone. 

5. To beat Wyniown. 

4. To strike by piercing. BeUenden. 

5. To scourge, to (log. ActtJa. I. 

6. To oTcrcome, S. F<Br^i«o». 

7. To excel, & Bamtay. 

8. To diseourege, aB. Ferguson. 

9. 2V) ding doivit, to orertfarow, 8. 


10. To dmg in, to drive in, S. 

1 1 . 7*0 ding oft to driTC from. Douglas, 

12. To ding on, to attack with violence. 



15. 2^ ding one, to expel. BdUnden* 
To ding out the bottom nfuay thing, to 
make an end of it, S. BaUiie. 

14. 3V dmg oaitfr» to oyerthrow, also to 
overcome, S. ' Poems Buchan DiaL 

15. To ding throw, to pierce. Bettenden* 

16. To ding to dede, to kill with repeat- 
ed strokes. WaUace, 

Isl. daeng4a, Su. G. daeng-a, tundersw 

To DiNo, V. n. L To drive. Douglas^ 

B*s dingin on, it rains, or snows, S. 

2. To ding down, to descend. Lyndsay. 

DING, DIGNE, adij. Worthy. Douglau 

Fr. digne, Lar. d/|;ii-M. 
DINGLEDOUSIE, «. A stick ignited at 
one end ; foolishly given as a plaything 
to a child ; Damfr. 

Su.G. dingUc, to swing, and duiig, 
DINK, DENK, a^. 1. Neat, trim, 8. 
2. i*recise» saucy, Fife. A. Douglas. 
Alem. ding, gay. 
DiMxtT, adv. Neatly. B. Galloway, 

Tb DINLE, DYNLE, v, n. I. Totrem. 
ble, 8. Dougfas* 

2. To make a great noise. Ferguson. 
5. To thrill, to tingle. J, Nicol. 

Ddox, s. 1. Vibration, SL 
2. A vague report, & B. 
MOND, f. A wedder in the second 
year, 8. q. twelve-months. Complaynt S. 
DINNEN SKATE, The young of the 
Raia Batis. Sibbald. 

DINT, s. An opportunity, 8. Boss. 

DINT, *. Aflfection. V. Dent. 
DYOUR, s. A bankrupt. Dunbar, 

DIRD, #. An achievement; usedironi* 
cally, S.B. Poems Buchan Diai. 

Teut. dagh-vaerd, Isl. dagftrd, « 
day's journey. 
DianOM, s. Deed, achievement, SlB. ibid. 
DiaDuM-DAKDUM, s, A term, expressive of 
contempt for an action. Chr.JCirk, 

DIRD, s. A stroke, Aberd. Bou* 

Fr. dourd-er, to beat. 
DIRDUM, f. 1. An uproar, 8. 

Xing Bart, 
C.B, efoieref, sonitus, itrq^tus. 


S. Daoige. '* To daw tfaa dirdum,** 
to do penanpe, S.B. 
3, Passion, ill buxnour, Pertbi. 
Gael, diardan, surlincH, anger. 
DIRK, «• A dagger. V. Duu. 
DI RK, D YRK, a^f. Dark Wailaee. 

A.ft. deore. 
To DIRK, v.n. To grope in utter dark- 
ness. Ferguson, 

To DiKKiN, V. II. To act dandestinely. 

To Dnsiir, v. <u To dari^en. DougUu. 
DuuuT, part. at^. Darkened. Dunbar* 
DuiKVcss, s, Darknesa. Dunbar. 

To DIRLE, v. a. To pierce, £. drUl. 

Bannatyne MS. 

Su. 0. drOi-a, perforare. 

2V» DIRLE, v.n. 1. To tingle, to thrill, 

S. Ramiay. 

S. To emit a tingling sound, S. Sum$. 

DiRL, i. 1. A slight tremulous stroke, S. 

2. The pain caused bj such a stroke, S. 
5. A vibration, & ^mj. 

DiELiNO, <. A sborulired smarting pain, 

& Douglas. 

DIRR, wfj. 1. Torpid, benumbed, Loth. 

3. Insensible, used in a moral senses 
X^oth. Su. G. daer-a, infiUuare. 

To Dike, v. n. To be benumbed, ibid. 
DIRT, s. Eicrement, S. 
DiaTiK, tu^j. 1. Defiled with excrement, S. 
S. Mean, contemptible, S. BeUenden. 
DliiT-raAa'D, adj. So much afraid as to 
lose the power of retention, S. 

To DISAGYIS, To disguise. 

GL Comptaynt. 
DYSCHOWYLL, a^j. Undressed. 

Fr, deshabUU, id# WaUaet. 

DISCENSE, s. Descent Douglas. 

Lat. deseens-us. 
DISCREET, a4^*. CiviL Sh" J, Sinclair. 
DiscaiTioy, CiTility, & Sir J. Sinclair. 
To DISCRIUE, V. a. To describe. 

To PISCURE, V. a. To obsenre accurate- 
ly. Dougfas- 
Ft. diseour4r, to surrey. 
Discooaaoua, s. A scout. Barbour. 
PISPQING, «(;. Not tbriring, giydea. 


DISBIS, DISSESE, f. 1. Want of c 

2. State of warfare. Wyniounu 

Vr. desaise^ '< m being in at ease," 
To DISH AUNT, v. a. To leave any pbo^ 
or company. Spotswood4 

Fr. deshani^er. 
To DISHERYS, v. a. To disinherit. 


DisBK&TBOwv, s. The act of disinheriting. 


DISHILAGO, s. The vulgar anne of 

Tussilago or colt*a-foot» S. 
DISHORT, s. I. Displeasure. 

2. A disappointment, Aberd« 
8, Any thing pnjudldal, 8. 

From dis, and short, v. to r ecre at e. 
DISJASKIT, ;Hirt.;Ni. 1. Di^jaslnt'4ik^ 
exhibiting every appearance of a decay 
in circumstances, S.E. 

Probably alUed to J}iui.Jask-€r, hask^ 
er, sordide habea 
S. Having a downcast look, S.B. 
DISJUNE, DISJOON, s. I. Breakfast^ 
8.B. O.Fr. de^ne* Bos^* 

2* 2V make a di^ne if, to swallow up 
at once. Baittie. 

DISMAL, s. A mental disease^ probably 
melancholy. Poiwari. 

DYSMEL, s. Apparently, necromancy. 
Priests PnHs. 
A. Goth, djfs, dea mala, et mal, Moes. 
G. met, tempus praefinttum. Inde dis* 
mal, dies vindictae ; Seren. 
DYSOUR, f. One whopl^ys at dice. 

DISPARAGE,*. Disparity of rank. 


DJftPARIT, DISPERT, a4j. I. Des« 

perate. Douglas^ 

2. Keen, violent, incensed, S. B. 

To DISPARPLE, t*. h. To be scattered. 

V. SpARrsLL. Hudson* 

To DISPEND, v.a. To expend. 

Fr. ditpend-re. Barbours 

DisrxvDiiio, 5. Expences. Barbour. 

DiirxNCs, DysrxKSy §. Expence. 

Fr. despens* Wynto 


DTSPYTUWS* «(;. Detpiteful. 

Fr. deipiUwe* Wynttrum^ 

To DISPLENISH, v. a. To disfurnisb, 

& V. PLBinrs, V. BaiOie. 

OI88AIF, J. Iniecuricy. Wmttwe. 

OISSEMBILL, adj. Unclothed. 

Fr. dethabilUi, id. WaUaee. 

DYSTAN9* DISTAWNS, s. Ditsen- 
sion. WytUovm. 

L. B. ditteneUo, contentio, lii. 
BISTY-MELDER, «. 1. ThelsttqiMii- 
tity of meftl made of the crop of one 
yetr, 8. 
S. MeUpb. one*ft ktter end, &B. 

Journal Lomdm 


Todisturii. Douglas, 

DnnowBLTiii^ s. DistuitMUice. Barbour^ 

To DIT, DTT, DITT, v. a. To doM up, 

S. DougjUiM* 

A. 8. dyit-an, ocdudere, obturare. 

2b DITE, DYTE, DICT, v. a. 1. To 

indites 8. Wallace. 

9. To dictate to an amanueniis, S. 

S. To indict Bewrywne. 

Tcut didU'en, Sw. dickt^t to com- 
pme ; Germ. diehUtnt lententiain dice- 
re, litcris mandare. 
Ihrra, «. Compoiition. WyiUawn. 

DmiqiiiT* <• Any thing indited. 

Sir W. More. 
XHrat, DrRAT, f. Indictment Wallace. 
DIV, DO. /i/i'v, Ido,a 
DIVE, u Tho putrid moiiture, which ia- 
auea from the mouth, &c, after death, 
, S.B. 

Dnm, a4i* Having much divet 8.B* 
2b DIVERT, V. n. To turn aside ; Lat 
dhtert-ere. BaOUe. 

flat oblong turf, used for covering cot- 
tages, and also for fuel, 8. AcU Jd. VI. 
Lat defod-erct to dig. 
DIUINE, «. A soothsayer. Douglas. 

Iff. devin, id. 
DYVOUR, s. A bankrupt Skene. 

Fr. devoir, duty. 
DTUovBxiy «. Declaration of bankruptcy. 



DIXIE, s. 8eTere reprehension, 8. q. the 

sentence of a pedagogue^ Lat dixi, ** I 

have said' it" 
To DO, V. a. To avai]< V. Dow. 

f ^olZocir. 
2b DO inAo, to bring into. Wyniown* 
DO. «. pron. doe. A piece of bread, 8. A. 

Fr. d6l, a portion. 
DOACH, DO A OH, s. A wear or cruive. 
Statist, Ace* 
DOCHT, pret. Could, availed. V. Dow» 


ter, 8. BeUenden. 

DocarxB^DocitRa, 5. Grand daughter. 

8w. doter doter, id. Wyntown* 

DOCHLY, adv. Perhaps for dochtdy, 

powerfully; from A.S. doehlig, HouUUe* 
DOCHTY, <u{f. Malapert, 8. an obliquf 

sense of E. doughty. 
To DOCK, e.a. To flog the hipSi 8. 

Teut dock'en, dare pugnos. 
DOCK, DOK, s. 1. Podcx, S. Kennedy. 

3. 8temofa8hip. Pitscottie. 

DOCKEN, DOKEN, s. The dock, an 

herbk & Bitsotu 

DOCKER, s. 8truggk, &B. V. Dock, 

V. Moss. 

DOCKUSb f. Any thing very short, 8, 
DOCUS, s. A stupid feltow, 8. 

Germ, docke, a puppet 
DOD, s. A slight fit of ill-humour, 8. 

Gael, sdoid, id. 
DoDDT, a4j. Pettish, 8. Gael, sdodach* 
To DODD, V. n. To jog, Fife. 
Isl. dudd^st, segnipes esse. 
DODDY, DODDIT, a4f. 1. Witbont 

horns, 8. 

2. Bald, without hair, 8.B. 
DoDoia, t. A cow wanting homs^ 8. 
2b DODGE, V. n. To jog, a A. Gl. Sikb. 
DOFART, wy. Stupid. V. Duftakt. , 

state of ruin. Banuayf 

DOG-HIP, 5. Theffuitof the Dog-rose, 

DOG-NASHICKS, s. Something re. 

sembling the galUnut, produced by aA 

insect depositing its ova on the leaTM 9i 

the Tniling willow, 6.B. 


D06*S CAMOVYN^ WegOL-scentea 
feverfew, also J)og-gowan, & B. 

DOG*S SILLER, YellowntUeor Cock's 
comb, & 

DOG'S TANSY, s. SiWer-weed, S. 

Dooais, f . pL Swiveli. Compiaynt & 

Norm. Fr. dagge, a imall gun. 

DOG-LATIN, t, Maeanmic Latin, a 

DOGONIS,j.p^ Suiton. Dunbar. 

To DOYCE, V. a. To giva a duU bcftTy 
ttioke, Ang. 

Dorci, «. 1. A dull hea?y itroke, Ang. ; 
4<nu9t a blow, S. V. Duscb. 
S. The flat sound caused bj the ftil of 
a heavy body, Ang, 

DOID, v. imp. It becomes, F^. doit. 


DOIL, «. A piece of any thing, as of 
bread, Ang. dole, £. 

DOIL'D. DOILT, 010. 1. Stupid, con- 
fused, & PolwarU 
9. Crazed, S. GL Shirr, 
Su. G. dwal^t stupor ; ligga i dwala, 
jacere in sopore. 

DUNZE, adv. Very, in a great degree, 
a mark of the superlative, S. JBeilenden. 

Doon weilt or c/iinse tod/, very well, S. 

Isl. daeends, id. as daeends wad, ex- 
cellently, dc€ waentif very beautiful, 
from daa, an old primitive or particle^ 
denoting any thing good, worthy or ex- 

DooKUirs, adv. The same. JVb that doon* 
tins iUf not very bad, S. B. 

DOISTER, DYSTAK,t. Astormfrotn 
the sea, Ang. 

Isl. MiMlar, aer incipit indemcns fieri. 

DOIT, 5. A small copper coin fonneriy 
current in S. Poems Buchan DiaL 

To DOYTT, V. n. 1. To dote. Lyndtay. 
2. To move as signifjing stupidity, S. 

DOITIT, DOYTIT, part. a^. Stupid, 
confused, S. Dunbar. 

Belg. dot'en, delirare, Dan. doede, 

Doit, i. A fool, a numskull, S. 

Doit, «• A disease^ perhaps stupor. 



DoiTXRiE, s. Dotage, S. FhUotmu 

DoiTaiFiXD, jmrt. pa. Stupified, S. 
DOKEN, «. The dock. V. Dockxk. 
DOLE, t. A dozy. Gi. Skirr, 

DOLENT, at(;. Mournful. Lyndtay, 
DOLESS^ DOWLESS, «(;. Without 
exertion, S. DoingUtt^ id. 
Sw. dugioes, id. 
DOLF, at{;. V. Dowf. 
DoLFNxss, «. Want of spirit Douglas, 
DOLFISU, $. Leg. Dog-Juh. Statist, jicc, 
S. dowie. Douglas. 

Su. G. daalig, tristis. 
DOLLYNE, /NxW. Buried. Dunbar. 
A.S. be-Mfen, id., Teut. dolv-en, io- 
humare, humo tegere, sepelire^ Kilian. 
DOLPE, s. A cavity, & dowp, DougHau 

Belg. d(^, a shell or husk. 
DOME, s. Judgment, sentiment. 

S* p. Repr. 

DOMINIE, s. 1. Apedagogue, & Forbes. 

2. A contemptuous name for a minis- 

tcr, S. Ritson. 

DON, s, A favourite, S., perhaps ftom 

Hisp. Don. 
DONGYN, DOUNGIN, pari. pa. of 

DONIE, f. A hare, Ang. 

A.S. don, damula? 
DONK, atO. Damp, £. danA. Dqmglas. 

Su. O. dunk-tn, id. 
DoMX, •. Moisture, perhaps mottldineas. 

To DONNAR,«. a. Tostopify, Fife. 

A. Douglas. 

DoNKASD, DoNKsa*D, a^j. In a state of 

gross stupor, S. Ramsay. 

Germ, donner^n, to thunder, q. sta* 

pified with noise, like beiundert, 

DONSIE, DONCIE, a^j. 1. Affectedly 

neat and trim, implying the idea of 

self-importance, S. Ramsay. 

2. Obliquely signifying pettish, testy, S. 

3. Restive, applied to a horsey S. Bums. 

4. Unlucky ; in a moral sense. Burns* 

5. Dull and dreary. Hamilton. 
Germ, duns-en, to swell ; intume»- 



$,pL lYobftbly, cDUTtenms. Am. 

Fr. domter, to tame, and baurte, the 
pune; unless the last term be used in 
the gnMser sense mentioned by Cofgr. 
DOOCK, DUCK,«. Strong coarse doth, 
Aog. Sati-doockt that used for sails. 
Pron. doock. Stalitt. Aec. 

Teut doeck, id. Su.G. duk. 
To DOODLE, v. a. To dandle^ SB. . 

Fr. dodifi-er, dodeUn~er, id. 
DOOF, f. A stupid fellow. V. Dowf. 
DOOK, i. A peg, & Belg. deuvig, id. 
DQOL, t. The goal in a game. V. Dulb. 
DOOL, «. To thiile the dool, to bear the 
eril consequences of any thing, Ang. 
Fr. deuU, grief. 
DooL-UKi, at^. HaTing the appearanoa 
of sorrow. ButherfonL 

DOOLIE, s. 1. A hobgoblin, &B. 
2. A scarecrow, a bugbear, S.B. 
A. S. dMuif diabolus, IsL dolg-^, spec* 

DOOMSTER, «. One who pronouncet 
d9om» Rutherford. 

DOOR, t. Dwrk and door, MiUon, 

DOOZIL, «. 1. An uncomely woman, S.B. 
8. A lusty child, S.B. 

Isl. dusillf servus, serrulus. 

DORDERMEAT, j. A ^maodt given to 
farm-servants, after loosing the plough, 
between dinner and supper, Ang. 

Su. G. dagwerdt a meal, from dagt day, 
and ward, food, sometimes cfogoeniar. 

DORECHEEK, «. The door-post, a 

DORESTANE, s. The threshold, S. 

DOREN. ProUbly, dare. fTaUace. 

DORLACH, t. A bundle, or truss, GaeL 


DORNICK, f. Linen cloth used in & 
for the table ; from Toumay, Teut JDor^ 
nick* Lyndiay. 

DORT, «. Pet, commonly in pL Jiou. 

To DoET, v. M. To become pettish, & 


DoETT, a^j, 1. Pettish, 8. Sir J, Sinclair. 
3. Saucy, malapert, & 

3. Applied to a female who is saucy to 
her suitors, S. Bam*ay. 

4. Applied to pUnts, when diflScult to 
rear, S.B. Gael, dorrda, austere. 


DoRimM, «. Pride, arrogance. Douglas, 
DOROTY, 5. 1. A doll, & 

2. A female of a very small sise, S. 
DOSK, oiy. Dark-coloured. Douglat. 
BOSS, a4j. Neat, spruce, Clydcs. 

Teut. dots-en, munire vestibus sufful* 
Don VT, part, pa. Dressed sprucely. 

DOSS, s. A tobacco pouch, Aberd. 

IsL dos, Germ, dose, a box. Shirrtfu 
To Do89» Dotsn sown, v. a. To pay, S. 


DOTAT, part. pa. Endowed. Bellenden. 

DOT, s, I. A dotard. Sir Tristrem. 

2. A state of stupor. Z. Boyd, 

DOTED, part. pa. Given at a donation. 

AcUJa. VL- 
DOTHER, $. Daughter, Ang. Bosu 
To DOTTAR, v.n. To become stupid. 

DOTTLE, s. A small particle, & dot £. 
DOTTLE, adj. In a sUte of dotage, & 

Teut ver-doetelt, repuerascens. 
DOUBLE, s. A duplicate. 8. BaUlie. 
To DouBLi, 9. a. To take a duplicate of, id. 
2V> DOUCE, V. 0. To knock, Fife. V. 
DorcB. Douglas. 

Doucs, s. A stroke, Fife. Id. 
DOUCE, DOUSE, «^ 1. Sedate, S. 
S. Modest, opposed to wantonness, S.B. 
9. Of a respectable character, S. Bums. 
Ft. douxf douee, mild* gentle. 
DoocBLT, ado. Soberly, prudently, S. 
DOUD, <• A woman's cap with a ouil, 

To DOVER, v. n. To slumber, & synon, 
shorn, & B. A. Douglas. 

Isl. dofvMh stupere. 
Dovxan, 'DowMMrt,pari.p€u Drowsy. 

Dovsm, f . A slumber, & 

Isl. dur, somnis levis. 
To DOUK, V. a. To duck, & Doug^ 

Belg. duck-en, id. 
DOUL*D, Fatigued, FSfo. V. 
DouD. A. Dougftts* 

DOULE, 5. A fool. Moulate. 

A,S, dole, (utnuB. 


fower beloogiog to a fortroB. Jtofovr. 

S. A tower in gmanL. Lyjfidtay. 

POUNT.#. Aftrake»afalo«r. V.D«ir»«. 

Srb DOUN THRIIfG, «. «. 1. To oter- 
throw. Lyndwff^ 

S. To onderfaliKs. V. Tosmo. 

POUNieiTH, otfp. 1, Doirnwafdfl. & 

A.9. atfttfi,deonn»,«Bdwi!^ ▼emu* 
fi. As ft <. TothedounvHtht downwardi, 
9b DOUP, V. n. To ioeUno tfao h«od ov 
ibouMen downwards* S. Jthergr M n* 
Tout dvffp^en, Tefftic«m a^itit 4^ 
Poim Jnadoup, adth In a momcnCt 

DOUP, BOWP, DOLP, ff. Hie breech 
or battoek% & Ramkijfm 

5. The bottom, or oztrsmity of taj 
thing. BiMimatu 
d. A cavity, S. Ferg^atm. 

IsL doef^ clnnes, posterior pars belnae. 

POUR, DOUR£,a</. 1. Hard. Lyndtm^. 

$. Bold, intrepid. Diragias. 

3. Hardy, synon. with ilsr^ JDou^lau 

4. Inflexible* obetinate, & JQaygtai» 
$. Stem ; a dour look, S. yFalface. 

6, 9em« ; applied to tba weadier, S. 

Lat.Aif^4tf/ CR ilnsr^ aMdax. 
' pouKiT, adtK I. Witbootnercy. XjfMtfjoy. 
8. Fertinacioiisly. .Banno^yntf Pvmm. 
3D0URTY, Leg. douify. Gawanand GoL 
POUSi; o^il Solid. V. PoucB. 
POUSS* f. A blow, a strbka^ V. Dovci. 
POUT, DOUTE, s. 1. Fev, & Barhow, 
^ Groimdofappr^beii^^ib Wpaoumn 
Fr. douU, id. 
PouTAKOx, u Donbt Z^mdiay, 

Fr. doii5latt«e. 
P0UT6UM, 04;. 1. Hesitating* 


5. Uncertain, as to the ertnt Bellenden, 
To BOW, V. n. 1. To be able. Fret. 

doehit dought. JOunkmr. 

^S. di^-on» valcrs* 


S. To avail, to profit. Dong/as. 

Taut. dotgA-«fi, prodesto. 
Dow, s. Worth, avaU. GL Si». 

T^ttt <2MgA, commodum. 
DOW, s. Adove, S. A.S. tfauo. Ihugiag. 
To DOW, a.11. I. Tothrive^astobaaltfa, 
8. Aesf. 

S. To thrive^ in a moral sense, & 

Alam. doMcA-M, ddk-€n, cresoets^ pro* 


To DOW, V. n. 1. To fade^ to wither, 8. 


S. To lose fipsihness, & JKoauay. 

a. To dose, &B. Jlosst 

4b To QSi^act, &Q. JUTorwon. 

Alem. dotnc-en, parira, 

DOWBART, <• A stopid ftUow. V. 

DowTAK^ Dwabar* 

DOWBRJBCK, s. A qwdes of fish, A^ 

herd. Gael. dnMreac, a smelt. 
DOWCATE, s. A pigeon-boosa. 


4. fL Hie twelve peers, the supposed 
companions of K.* Arthur. W^wm* 

O. fV* let dowt pertt or pairs* 
DOWF, DOLF, s. 1. Destitnto of oou* 
rage or animation, SL Dougfas. 

5. Mdancboly, gloomy, S. Ramu^* 
3. Lethargic. Domglas, 
4« Hollow ; applied to eonn^ & 

5. Silly, frivolous, a Burm* 

80.6. daiif, stopidus ; IsL .doi^p-r. 

Dour, Poor, m. AduU stopid IcUow. 

DowTAXT, DorAXT, adj, I. Destitoto of 
spirit, S. ; pron. as Gr. v. 

Poems Biickan JhoL 
S. Dumphh, melancholy, S» 
3, Feeble, ineflicient, S. 

From dM^and Su. G. art, Belg. oeri» 


PowTAET, DeprAXT, f. A dull, inactive 

fellow, S. Bamtay, 

Di7FFu,(i4f. I. Soft, Spungy, %.Jb%ie, synon. 

S; Stopid, transferred to the mind, S. 
DOWYD, pret- Endowed. 

F>. dou'^r. WjfiUoym. 


DOWKAR, t, A diver. ^ Zffineds^ 

Su. G. dokare, Belg. duycktr, id. 

Actofdeaceoding. Douglau 

S. A fall, in whatever sense* S. 

5. Overthrow. Ruddhnan, 

DQWNDBAUGHT, s, Wbttaocver de* 

presses* 6. 
POWNLTING. #. A9 the davfnJtfing, 

•bout to be brought Co bed, S. 
DOWNLOPK, <. Scorn, contempt, a 

BOWNSITTING, J. Session of a court, 
& BaiUie* 

POWNTAK, #. Cause of imbecility, S. 

bOWRE. Q. doteWy, hardly. W^f^owti. 

ger. Vt. J)cwariere, id* Acts Marie, 

DOWTIT, part, pa. Feared Barbour, 
Vu doubt'^f to dread. 

POXIE, at^f, Laay, restive, & 

Isl. doak-a, to delay, d9$ih ioactiyi- 


To DOZEN, DOSEN, v.a. 1. Tostupi- 

fy. Barbour. 

8. To benumb. Dozent with cauld, S, 

3. Denoting impotency. Banuay, 

Su.G. daate, stupified; Isl* dat-attt 

To DozBK, V. n. To become torpid, 8. 

3b DRABLE, DRAIBLE, «. a.T6b^ 

foul* to slabber, S. 
DRABLE, s, IMiapa a servant Houlate. 
DRAFF, $. 1. Grains, & WaOace. 

S. Metaph., any moral imperfection, 8. 

Teut. IsL draft alliquae exooctae. 

PmArr^rocK, «• 1. A sack for carrying 

grains, S. 

2. Metaph., any imperfection. S. Prop. 
DRAGON. 9. A paper kite, & 
DRAGOUN, t. To rain drqgoif n, to give 

up to military execution. Barbour. 

To drench, S. ' Bannaiyne Poems* 

IsL dreck'ia, aqnis obruo. 
DaAiKs. In the draHctt in a slovenly die* 

ordered sUte, S.B. Popular BatU 

DRAM, a^j. 1. Melancholy. &B. drum. 

synott. Daugias^ 


% IndUTerent, S.B. Mots* 

Isl. draums, melancfaoUctts, 


MOCK, «. 1. Meal and watermized in 

a raw state, S. JFatson^s Coif' 

Gael, dramaig* 
S. Any thing boiM to the state of pulp^ 
To DRANT, DRUNT, v.n, 1. To 4rawlt 


8. To peas in a tedious way, a 

Isl. dryttt drunde, mugire. Ftfrgv^on* 
DaAMT, DaAUKT, f. 1. A drawling enun* 

nundation, & Bomtay* 

2. A slow and dull tune, a 
DRAP, s. 1. A drop, S. Chwu & P» 

2. A small quantity of drink, S. Boss* 
To Dka?, v. n. To drop, a & Prov. 

DRAP-DE-BERRY, s. Fine wpolleii 

doth, made at Berry in France.' 


linger, S-B. 

Isl. dratt-a, segniter procedere^ 
To DRAUCHT, v. a. To draw tlia 

breath in long convulsive throbs, S. 
Sw. drag^as, id. 

pet Douglas, 

DRAUCHT, DRAUGHT, s. 1. Linea- 

ment of the face, a Z. Boyd. 

2. An artfbl scheme, a Butherfbrd* 
Teut draght, vestigiae. 

DRAVE, <. 1. A drove of cattle, a 

3. Ashoalof fi4HM» a Statist. Jce. 
3. A crowd, a A.a drqf", agmen. 

2V» DRAWL, V. fi. To be slow in action, 

a Teut drael-^fh cunctarL 
To DRE, PEEE, DREY, tf.4. To en- 
dure, a ' Barbour, 

A. a dreog^oHf pati. 
To DRE, DREY, e. iu Tia endure. 

A. a adreog»an, pati. Barbour. 

DREICH, DREEGH, miO. 1. Slow, a 


2. Tediooti a MatUgmerif* 

a Denoting distance of situation. 

Goth, drig, driug'T. proUxus. Bitsonm 

DancH, DaiGB. On dreiek, adv. At a 

alow pace. J)ougka* 



DREDOUR, DRIDDER, «. 1. Draiid; 
dritker, &B. Douglas. 

S. Apprehension, S.B. 
A. S. draed, ttmor. 
To Driddbk, v. To dread, S.B. Ross* 
To DREELk v. n. To more quickly, Ang.« 
Tent driii-eth modtare. Soss, 

DREFTD, pret. Drave. WaOaee. 

DREGY, DERGY, s. 1. Tlie funeral 
service. Dunbar, 

S. Hie compoCation of die funeral com- 
pany, & fferd* 
From the Lat word dirige, frequent- 
ly repeated in the office for the dead. 
BREGGLE, «. A small drop of any li- 
quid, 8. Su. G. dregel, saliva. 
To DREGLE, DRAIGLE, v.n. To be 

tardy, & V. DasicR. 
DREIK, s. Excrement. Teut. dreck, 

To DREIP, v. n. To distil in drops, & 
Sa. S. BaB. 
A,S.dryp-an, IsL dreip^, id. 
DREIRE, «. Leg. deirey hurt Fordtm. 
DRENE, s. Constant repetition. Dunbar. 
To DRESS» V. o. I. To treat well or ill. 
S. To chastise, to drub, S. 
9. To iron linens, S. 2>ir>Jm^-iron, a 
smoothing iron, S. 
DRESSE, #. Exhibition. Godly BalL 
DRESSER, s. A kitchen table, a 

Teut dressoor, Fr. dressoir, a side- 
DREVEL, s. A driveller. DtcnAor. 

The vagaries of the mind, during un« 
sound sleep. Douglas, 

Isl. dra^t draft, sermo stiUtus ; also 
apinae^ fooleries. 
DREW, J. 1. A species of ac»-weed that 
grows very long, Orkn. NeUL 

% Sea laces, Fucus filum, & 
Isl. driugr, prolixus. 
DREW, «. A drop. Police Honour. 

DRIB, DRIBBLE, f. 1. A drop, S. 

S. Drixsling rain, & Bums. 

Belg. druppdi a ^kop, . 
DRY GOOSE, a handful of the 


meal, pressed very close together, £pC 

in water, and tlien roasted among the 

ashes of a kiln, 8. A. 

V. DaxicH. Wattace. 

To DRIDDER, v. a. V. Daxnova. 
2b DRIDDLE, v. n. 1. To ^ill ftmn 

carelessne^ Loth. 

S. To have a diarrhoea. Montgomerie. 
To DRIDDLE, v. n. I. To move slow. 

ly, S.B., mSD/ewsdrutUej q. v. 

S. To be diligent without progress, 

DRIDDLESk The intestmes of a 

slaughtered animal, Fife. 
DRIDDLINS, 5. pL The knotted meal 

left after baking, S. 

Germ, trodd* ireidel, veteramcnta. 
DRIESHACH, s. The dross of a turf 

fire which glows when stirred, S. B. 
DRIFLIKG, s. A small rain. SaiUie. 

IsL dreif-Ot spargere. 
DRIFT, <. Drove; as of cattle^ Ayrs. 

Teut. drifts, id. 
To DRIFT, V. n. To delay. R. Bruce. 
To Dam, o. a. To put o£ Z. Boyd. 

Dam, s. Procrastination. B. Bruce. 

DRIGHTIN, f. Loid. Gawan and Gol. 

A.S. drichten, Alem. drohtin, id. 
DRIM UCK, S. The same as Dramock, 

Statist. Ace. 
To DRING, 9. a. To obtain with diffi- 

culty, S. B. Hewrysone. 

Belg. drtng-en, to urge, to press. 
To DRING, 9. II. To be slow, S.B. 
DaiNo, o<;. Diiatoiy, S.B. Boss. 

To DRING, DRINGE, v, n. To sound 

as a kettle before boiling. Bamsay. 
Daiwo, s. The noise of a kettle before it 

DRING, s. 1 . A servant Lyndsay. 

Sw. drengf id. 

2. A miser. Bannalyne Poems. 

DRINK-SILVER, 5. A vale given to 

servants, S. Butkerfard. 

DRYNT,in^ef. Drovrned. Douglas. 

A.S- adrenctt mersus. 
DRITHER, «. Dread. V. Dkxdodb. 
2b DRIZZEN, p. n. 1. To low as a cow 

or ox^ Ang. 


. 2. Applied to a iluggard groaning over 
biawork, &0. 

Teut druffuck'tn, itrepere. 
To DRIZZLE, o. n. To walk slow ; Gl 
Shirr. III. drod-a, haeiitaDter progra- 
DRIZZLING, f. Slaw. &. Shirr. 

To DROB, v. a. To prick, Ang. 

Isl. drep^, perforare. 
DaoB, s. A thorn, a prickle, Pertha. 
DRODDUM, s. The breech. Burm- 
DROG, f. A buoy attached to the end of 

a harpoon line, SL 
DROGARI£S» pL Drogi. BtOenderu 

Fr. drogueriest id. 
DROICH, «. A dwarf, droch, & B. <fretcA, 
Border. Barmatyne Poenu, 

A.& tfiMor^, laU tfroeg, homondo. 
DaoicRT, 04/. Dwarfish, S. 
DROILE, 8. A ilave; IiL drioU, id. 

Z. J9«;ycr. 
DRONACH, s. Penalty, S.B: 
IsL drungi, molestia, onna. 
DROTES,;^. Noblea. Sir Gawan. 

Su.G.drott, a lord. 
DROUBLY, DRUBLIE»a4;. l.Dark, 
troubled. Dunbar, 

S. Muddy ; applied to water. 
Teut droffi turfaidm. Menrynme. 
DROUERT, DROURY, «. 1. Illicit 
]o?e. Barbour. 

9. A lore-tdien. Jkuglai. 

3. A gift of any kind. Dougfat* 

O.Fr. drurie, la vie joyeuae. 
To DROUK, V. a. To drench, S. 

DROUTH, <. 1. Drought, & 

CMron. & P. 
8. Thint, S. S. Bruce, 

DaouTHT, a^j, 1. Droughty, & 

S. Thirsty, S. Penmeuik, 

DROW, «. A fainting fit, Ang. 

A.S. tkrowUan, pati. 
DROW, i. A squaU. MeUvUtt MS. 

Gael, drogf motion of the aea. 
DROWP, i. A feeble person. Dunbar. 

Isl. driup'a, tristari. 
To DRUG, V. a. To pull forcibly, & 

IiL thrug'a, premere, Tim inferre. 


Dftuo, t. A rough pull, S.B. Boss, 

DRUGGARE, atHj. Drudging. 

Jong's Quair. 
IsL droogUTf tractor, bajulus. 
DRUM,a4;. Melancholy, &B. V.DaAic 
DRUM, s. A ridge, & SUxtist. Ace. 

Gael. ^niMi, id. 
Applied, S.B. to little hills, which rise 
aa ridgca abore the le?el of the adjacent 
To DRUMBLE, 9. n. To raise disturb- 
ance. Bamtay, 
Dkuuly, DauMiLT, luf;. 1. Troubled. 

S. Muddy, S. DougloM, 

5, Having a gloomy aspect, & Bamtay, 

4. Confused ; as to mind. Ferguson, 

6. Troubled; applied to the sute of 
public matters, S. BaUUsh 

To DRUNE. p. n. To low in a boUow or 
depressed tone, Ang. 

IsL dryn-ia, Sw, droen-a, mugire. 
DavMT, s. A drawling enunciation, & 
DRUNT, s. Pet, sour humour, S. Buns, 

O. Fland. drint'en, tumescere. 
DRUSH, s. I. Atoms, fragments. 

2. The dross of peats, Banfis. 

Moes. G. drauhsna, a fragment, from 
drtia-an, to fall. 
To DRUTTLE, v, n. 1. To be slow in 
motion, S. 
8. To trifle about any things 8. 

Tent, dreuiei^en, pumilionis paasua 
A swoon, S. Bost. 

2. A sudden fit of sickness, S. BUson, 
Alem. duaim, caligo mentis stupoio 



5. Metaph. the fall of evening, S.B. 

DUB, 5. 1. A small pool of rain-water, S. 
a. A gutter, S. 

Ir. dab, a gutter ; Celt dubh, canaL 
DUBLAR, s. V. DiiLxa. 

Bdnnaiyne Poems* 

t)UCHERT, «. Dukedom. Bettendetu 
i)UCK, i. A leader. V. Dukb. 
DUCK, f. SuUlotb. V. DoocK. 
DUD, 5. 1. A rag, & Sots. 

Daily dudy the diih-dout, &B. 
k JDudtf duddt, pL dolhing, efpedally 
of inferior quality, S. Polwart, 

Gael dud, a rag, and dwiach, ragged. 
. taL tftuftf, iDdumentum levioria ^eri& 
bosDT, a4j. Ragged, S. Banuay. 

JbUDDROUN, t. Slofen, dnh, Dunbar. 
Id. dudr-a, to act in aslotenly man- 

DUDE, for (fo <^ S. 

to DUEL, DtJELL, DWELL, v. «. 1. 
To delay, to tarry. Dough*- 

9. To continue in any state. Barbour. 
9. To ceaae or mt WaUact. 

* 4. l>wea behind, left behind. Barbour. 
So. O. dwad^as, id. Id. ifnaf, raoror. 

DtJSLUNG, «. Delay, tanying. Barbour. 

bUEROH, f. A dwarf. V. DaoicH. 
Cknpan and Got. 

DUKE, DUCK,«. A general. Evergreen. 

Duke, duik, $. a duck, & 

Bannatyrne PoemS, 
DULck, atfj. Sweet; Lat duk-ii. 

DULDER, Si Any thing large, aB. 
To DULE, V. n. To grieve. Dunbar. 

Vt. doUUdr, Lat dot-ere* 
DULz, DooL, 8. Grief, 8. WyntoUn. 

To Ming doolf to lament, Oi. Shirr, 

buLE, DOOL, a The goal in a game. 
Ckr. JTtr*. 
Teut doA aggesta lerra, in quam an^ 
gittarii jacnlantur aagittas. 
DULL, s» Hatd of hearing, & 

Sir John SiffielcM'* 
JDULSk, a4^ Diili, binvy, 3.B. 

Isl. dolUa, appendere igna^nm. 
bULSE, #. The fucufli a apedes of mA- 
weed, S« Martin, 

Gael. duUUoMg, Ir. duiUk, idi 
bUM TAM, a bunch of clothes on a 
. beggkr'ft back, under his coat. S. B. 
To DUMFOUNDEll, th a. To confuse^ 

tostupify, S. 
t)UMBI£, t. proD. Dummk. One who 
is dumb, a 


TV DUMP, V. a. To strike with the feet, 

Ang. Sw. domp^, rudius palpare. 
DUMPY, a4}. Short and ihiA ; also used 

asa#M a 

IsL doomp, anciUnla crassa. 
DUMSCUM, «r A game of children* 

much the same as pallaii, or the beds. 
DUN, J. A hill, eminence, S. Stat. Ace. 
A. a dun, mons ; Gael, id. a forti* 

fied hill. 
To DUNCH, V. ff. To push or jog with 

the fist or elbow, a 

Teut. dxms^en, pugno perratcre. 
bUNCH, <. One who is short and thick, a 
DuMCHT, a4j' Squat, S 
DUNDERHEAD,!. AUockhead, Loth. 


DWMMTSMAN, «. A judge. WynU>wn. 
DWN. pret, of the «. Do. Wyntown* 

DUNGEdN of wU, One having a pnn 

found intellect, a BoswelL 

DUNGERING, t. The dungeon oi • 

castle. S. P. Repr, 


1. A nobleman. ColviU 

2, A gentleman of secondary rank. 

0. Used to denote the lower class of far* 
mers, generally in a contemptuous way^ 

Gael duitke, a man, and utual, noble. 
2b DUNNER, DUNDER, r. n. To 
make a noise like thunder. Gl. Sibb. 
To DUNT, V. a. To strike so as to pro- 
duce a dull hollow sound, a 

Popular Ball, 

To DuNT otd, 1. To bring any business to 

a termination, a Boss* 

9. To come to a thorough explanation, 

. after a variance, a Su.G. dunt, ictus. 

To Dcirr,.t;. n. To palpitate. Bamsay. 

DuxT, DocMT, s. 1. A strcAe .causing a flat 

and hollow sodnd, a O.E. id. 

Pehlis to the Play. 

8. Palpitation of the heart, S. ^oss, 

9. At a dunt, unexpectedly, StirKngs.^ 
Isl. dunt, a stroke given to the back 

or breast, so as to produce a sound. 
DuMTivo, s. Contxnued boating, causing n 
hollow sound, a MdvU, 


bUNT£a.GO0S£, $. The Eider duok. 


So. G. dufh dowa, and iaer^ to 

gnaw, because it plndu the down from 

ilebreait. * 

DUNTT, «. A doiy. £». iZofMoy. 


DUIl,DURE,s.Dooi; Wyni^tm 

A. S. <f mvi id. 
BURGY, a4i. Thick, gftMS, Loth. 

Itl. driug-r, densm. 
DURK, «. A dagger, & 

JPmmu JBtecib. 2Xa/. 
Gael. dwrCf a poniard; Teat, dolck, 
2b Dtras^ i». a. I. To ttih with a dagger, SL 

S. To spoi], to miwnanage, & 
9b DURKEN, e. a. ToaAight- 

Sir urOi^ail. 
fb DUSCH, tMi. 1. To more with telo- 

dty. Dou^a$* 

S. To twang. JDM^Cot. 

S. 2b tfaacA dbttm To iUl with noiie, 

id. DaugUu. 

Genn. doieih rtrepitum edeie; IiL 

tkuB-ih tumultuoee peorucre. 
DoscHS, f. 1. A lUi; as indnding the 

crash asade bj it. Douglas* 

fi. Astroheiablow. V. Dotes. Hartevn 
Isl. ik^ Alem. tftus, i2««, fragor. 
DUSCHET, DUSSIE, «. A musical in- 

straasent. Potmt 16ik Cent. 

PUSCHET. DUSSIE, #. An indone^ 

ment. Leg, Bp. Si AndroU. 

Fr. d oun - er , to indorse. 
To DUSH, 1^ a. To posh as a ram, os, 



Tsut doet^en, pulsare cttu hnpeta^ 
lal. dutk-a, Yerbera infligo. 
DUST, J. A tumult. 

Su.G. dytt, id. 
DUST^a mUlt what ikies from a mill in 

grinding S. Tent dvytty pollen. 
DUST of Wu, what flies from iiaz In 
dresstngt S. 

Teut. doeti, lanugo lintei. 
pedlar. Skene^ 

S. One who is not resident in a coun- 
try. Burr. Laveik 
9. Used to denote rsvebj. GotOy BaXU 
7e DUTE, DUTT, v. n. To dose, S. & 

Bdg. dutt'en, to set a-noddin^ 
But, «. A stupid person, S.B. 

Ban. dbtfrfe, stupidns ; Beig. <f««.^ 
BWABLE, DWEBLE,oi(^ Weak, fles^ 
ibie. 8u.G.(ftiMei, double. JRoit. 

DWALM. DWAUM, #. V. Duauc 
To DWANG, o. a. 1. To oppress with Ith 

S. T» bear, or dbfaw, unequally, & B. 
8. To harass by iUphomour^ &B. 
Teut dwmgh'-en, daumf, aretars. 
2bDwANa,v.ii.Toloil, &B. MorUmu 
D wAjm, $, A Kmgfa diake or throw, 8. B» 
To Dwtin^ v.n. 1. TViplne^ 8. A.N%coU 
S. To fade, applied lo nature. ^FbtgusMK 
iw To dwindle, S. Pbeau Buck. BiaU 
Teut dwyn-en, Mtenuare^ eztenoareb 
Sb Dwnr, v. a. To cause to languish. 

Bwrynro, s. A dedine^ & 
IsL dwinoTt dlminutia 

£, Ek, s. Tfaps eye, & DtmgUm. 

iB A, adj. One. V. the letter A. 
2b BAND, V. A. To breathe. V. Anro, r^ 
EARLEATUER-PIN, t. An lion pin 

for fastening the chain by which a hone 

draws in a cart, Fife. 
To EARM. V. Yta>b 

To Earn, v.n, l. To coagtilale, fk 
2. To cause to coagulate, S. 

Gcnn. ge-rinnenf Sa.O,raenw^t ttMl* 


£ A aNiKfl, J. Rennet, S. A. & gerunning, id. 

EARK-BLEATER, s. The snipe, &B. 

tamMter. Bots* 



EARNY.COULIGS» t. pi. TunuU, 

Isl. em, ancient; and kuUe, tumulus, 
Su. G. ftummitas montis. 
eaves of a house, S. ' 

A.S. rfese; Belg. ootdruypi id. 
To EASSIN, EISIN, ». a. 1. To desire 
the bull, S. 

3. Applied to strong desire of any kind. 
Is], yxna or oxnct Tttula appetena 
Eastkikg woet, Scabious, an herb, S. A. 

EARN, s. The Eagle. V. Erk. 
EARTH, i. The act of earing, S. B. 

SiiUist, Ace, 
Sw. ard^ aratio, from oer-ia, to ear. 
EASTIE-WASTIE, s. An unstable per- 
son, Ang. ; q. one who veers from eait 
EASTLAND, ac[;. Belonging to the east 

E ASTLIN, adj. Easterly, S. Jtatntay, 
Eastuns, adv. Eastward, S. Bot$. 

A. S. east-laeng, oriente tenus. 
E A STILT, adv. Eastward, wetilU, west- 
ward ; pron. eatsUtf teetsilif Loth. 
A. S. east-dade, plaga orientalis. 
EAT, f. The act of eating, S.B. 

A.S. aett Tent, aet, food. 
EATIN BERRIES, Juniper berries, 

S.B. V. Etnagh. 
EBB, adij. Shallow, & Rutherford. 

Ebbnvss, s. Shallowness. Rutherford. 
ECCLEGRASS,«. Butterwort or sheep- 
' rot Orkn. NeiU. 

ECHER, ICKER, «. An car of com, S. 
A.S. aeeer, aechir, id. J)ouglas. 

ECHT,«. Ought Barbour. 

EDROPPIT, part, pa. Dropsical. 

EE, «. Eye. V. E. 
Ek of the day. Noon, roid-day, S.B. 
Ea-LisT, £te-U8t, Etb-last, «. 1. A de- 
formity, an eye-sore. R. Bruce. 
S. An offence. Godscroft. 
Z, A break in a page, S. &. Sibb. 
A.S. eag, oculus^ and laett, defectus. 


Ei-sTiCK, Eisf icK, t. Something singular 

or surprising ; q. that which causes the 

eye to stick or fix, Sb Ferguaonm 

Eb-swxr, Eyx-swikt, fi4;« Acceptable, 8. 


Es-wiNXEKs, t. The eye-lashes, S. 

Een, Exe, pL of Ee, Eyes, S. Dowlas. 
EEBREK CRAP, The third crop after 

lea, S.B. 

EEGHIE Koa OGHIE. I can hear net- 

ther eeghie nor og^ie, neither one thing 

nor another, Ang. Ron. 

Su. G. igh, or eight, not 

EEKFOW, adj. Equal ; also, just, Ang. 

Su.G. ekt-a. Germ, eickt, Justus. 
Eeksix-peeesix, adj. Equal, Ang. 
EEL. A nine^e*d eei, a lamprey, S. 

Su.G. neionoogou, Gerou neumauge, 
Exf^EACKiT, a((f. Having a black line on 
the back, applied to a dun-coloured 
horse, S. 
Eelpodt, t. The viriparotu Blenoy, S. 
EERIE, adj. Timorous. V. Est. 
EFFECTUOUSk a^j. Affectionate. 

L.B. offectuot-us, id. Douglas. 

To EFFEIR, o. n. 1. To become, to fit 

Chr. Kirk. . 

S. To be proportional to. £nox, 

Emia, s. I. What is becoming. 

Maitland Poems. 

2. A property, quality. Dunbar. 

To EFFERE, EFFEIR, v. c. 1. To 

fear. Lyndtay. 

S. To affiright Douglas. 

A.S. afaer-au, terrere. 

To ErFEXR, V. n. To fear. Lyndsay. 

Efpsay, Effeating, s. Terror. Barbour. 

Fr. efray-ir, to affright 
EFFEATrrLY, adv. Under affright j9ar6oi<r. 
EFREST, Best; Isl. ^);>ri>t Houiate. 
EFT, adv. After. A.S. id. WaUace. 

Er castil, Hinder part of the ship. 

ErrxE, Eftie, prep. AfUr. 

A.S. eftyr, id. Abp. HamUtoun. 

ErriE AXE, adv. Uniformly, S. Douglas. 
'EntMUWKDf adv. Aflerwards, S. 

Abp, Hamiitoun^ 


So. 6. efter^ and AflCfi» beiiee» dflhinc. 

Ettuhknd, jm*p. After. Id* 

Ettaxmess, «. A deawrt. Bmhtuwr. 

A.S. a(^ler and mtn^ a ncaU 

EFTSYIS, aiftr. Ofttime«, BuddiXw^fos. 
A.S. «/>, iterum, and ntA^i vice. 

EGG-BED, «. The orarium of a fowl, S. 

EGGLAR, f. One who collects tfgt for 
aa1e» &A. 

EY, A termination of the namea of many 
places ; signifying an island* also writ- 
ten ay, a, or se. Isl. «y, id. 

EIDENT, adj. Diligent V. iTHAMn. 

EIDER DOUN, Down of the eider 
duck. Sw. eiderdun, id. Pennani. 

EYE-LIST, t. A 6aw. V. Ee-Lxst. 

EYEN. pL Eyes. V, Ebw. 

£IFF£ST» adv. Especially. Bany. 

Isl. ^i-Tf supremus. 

BlKtpron. Each. Douglas. 

EIK, EKE, i. An addition, S. JSaiUie. 

EIK, «. Lineament used for greasing 
sheep, S.A. 

To EILD, ELD, v. n. To wax old. 

A.S. 01^.4011, ve te raacere. Belltnden. 

EiLD, Eld, s. 1. Any particular period of 
life, S. Barbour. 

JEuin did. Equal in age. Douglas, 

S. A generation. Douglas. 

S» An era* frytiiowiu 

4. The advanced period of life. Douglas. 
A.S. yld, aetas, aevum. 

EiUH a^j. Old. A. & eald, id. Douglas. 

EiLDiT, porf. pa. Aged. Douglas, 

EiLDivt, YiAUMOs, s. jd. Equals in age. 

A.S. efen-eaid, coaerus, ioTerted. 

Jo EYNDILL, V. n. To be jealous of; 
eenilt Fife. Maitland Poems, 

Etwdumg, Etkdlaitd, part, pr. Jealous. 

EIR, s. Fear, Ang. V. Ekt. 
EIRACK, s. A ben-pullet, 8. Statist. Ace. 
Gael, eirag, id. Germ.j<ihrig, one year 
EYRE FALCONS, Leg.Gyir. Ilouiate. 
EITHER, adv. Or. Anox. 

Ang. Isl. eda, edr, sen. 
EITH, EYTH. ETH, adj. Easy, S. 


A. Si eath, fadlis. Barbour* 

Eiih ik also used adverbially. Jtanuay. 
EiTBAR, £>rHAa, camp. Douglas* 

Er»LT, ado. Easily, S. 
«• 1. A giant. Complaint SU 

S. Redeaten occurs as equivalent to ca* 
nibal. ls!i.jautun,jolun. MdlviWsMS* 
hot ember, S. Bums* 

2. Wood reduced to the state of char- 
coal, S. 

9. In pi, metaph. for the ruins of a 
eountry' desolated by war. Douglas, 
A.S. yj/f, embers, Isl. eysa, carbonet 
candentes sub cinere. 
ELBOCK, ELBUCK, s. Elbow, & 

A. S. slboga, Alem. elnboga, from A.S. 
eln, the arm, and boge^ curvature. 
ELsow-oaxASi, s. 1. Hard work with the 
arms, S. 

2. Brown rappee, Ang. 
ELDARIS, ELDRYS, s,pL Anoeston. 
A.S. aldor, Su.G. aeldref senior. 
ELDER, s. Among Presbyterians, on« 
ordained to the exerdie of government 
without having authority to teach, S. 
Buii rf* Discipline. 
ELDERSCHIP, s. 1. The ecclesiastical 
court, now called a Presbytery. 

Built of Discipline. 
2, The Kirk-session of a particular con- 
gregation, & BailUe. 
A.8. ealdor^sdpe, principatus. 
ELDFADER, s. 1. GrandfaUier. 

A. S. eald'/ader, id. Barbour. 

2. Father in law. Douglas.^ 

ELDIN, ELDING, s. Fuel of any kind, 

S. A.S. acted, Su.G. eld, fire. Ferguson. 

ELDING, s. Age. V. EiLn. 3iaiiland P. 

' ELDIS, adv. On all sides. Dimgfat. 

A.S. eaUis, omnino. 

ELDMODER,<.MoUier in law. Douglas* 

A.S. ealde-moder, avia. 
ELDNING. ELDURING, «. Jealousy. 
A.S. ellnung, emulation. Durtbar* 
ELDREN, ELDERIN, at^. Elderly, S. 



Dui. oldrentU ; III. tddraenf aenev. 

ELEVEN-HOURS^ i. A luncheon, S. 

£LFMILL» i. The ioutid made by n 
wood-worm, viewed by the Yulgar m 
preternatara), Sk q. '^/afry-milL** 

ELFSHOT, t. 1. The name Tulgariy gi- 
ven to an airow-head of ilint, S. Permant, 
S. Disease, supposed to be produced by 
the stroke of an elf-artow, S. Glanviiki 
Nonr. ailikaadt, Dan. eOakud; i. e. 

ElF'Shot, a^. Shot by fairies, S. Bamayi 

ELIMOSINUS, adif. Merciful. BureL 

ELYTE, «. One elected td a bishopric 
O.Fr. afite. Wyniown, 

ELLER, <. The Aiders A tree^ S. 

ELLIS, adv. Otherwise. A.S. dies, id. 

ELLIS, ELS, adv. Already, S. Sar^our, 



ALRY, a€(f, 1. Expressing relation to 

evil spirits. Dunbar. 

2. JPtetematural, as rq^ardiiig sound, 8. 


9. Hideous; respecting tiie Appearance. 


4. Frightful, respecting place, S. Bumsi 

5. Uncouth ; in irelation to dress. 

g. Surly, austere. 
7. Fretted ; applied to a sore, Ang. 

A. S. aey, and ria lich ; q. abound- 
ing in elves. 
ELS, ELSE, adv. Already. V. ElUs. 
ELSYN, ELSON, i. An awl, S. Ranuoy* 

Teut. aeUene. 
ELWAND, ELNWAND, j. 1. An in- 
strument for measuring, S. Burr,Lawet. 
2. Orion*8 girdle, t constellation* 

From eln and UHtnd, a rod. 
EMAILLE, «. Enamel. V. Ahailue. 
EMBER GOOSE, A fowl which inha- 
bits the seas about Orkney. SAbald. 
EMERANT, t. Emerald. Ung's QMoir, 
Emerant, £MZRAVD,a4/. Green. Douglat. 
EMMIS^ IMMISi a<^\ 1. Variable, Ang. 
2. jIn immis nicht, a gloomy night, 


Sa.O. ymm, oemm, to vary, altera 
nare ; Isl. ynu, ymiu, variua. 
7b EMPASH, EMPESCHE, e. a. To 
hinder. Fr. empeteker. Bdkmden. 
£NPRESS» «. Enteipriae. BaHmir. 
Vr. aiipns. 
ENACk, «. SatisfikJtion for a trespass. 

GaeL enach, a ransom. Beg. Ilaf* 
ENARM£D,;Nirf. pa. Armed. D»u^as* 
Ekauiouili, «. Armour. Heugloa. 

ENBRODE,par<.pa. Eflibniidend. Id* 
To ENBUSCH, «. a. To lay in ambosb. 
Fr. embusch-er, id. q. a» hois. Barbour* 
'kvvuscBTr, 9. Ambuscade. Barhourm 
EmuscHMBKT, «. 1. Atnbusb. Bmrboiur* 
2. Used in describing the testndou Doug* 
ENCHESOUN, s. Reason, cause. 

O. FV. ackeaoii, occasion. Baarboiun 
END, EYNDINO, Braadi. V. Amn. 
EmsaIt, f. bay of death. WytUowtu 

So.G. and'-ah to die. 
EMrDKDBTHa, J. Periiapa, iithma. 

Su.G. oM/aadd, cui spiiitus pracdu^ 
BUS est 
long; S. eniangk Barbokr* 

A. S. andlangt per; So. G. aendiJmgh 
£NDORED,/Niff. pa. Adorned ; Fir. en^ 
doT^s Lat inottf -<ift(«. SitGawin* 

ENE. pi* Eyes. V. Ebw. 
ENERLY. V. Ahselt^ 
ENEUCH, YNEWCH, t. Enoo^, & 
^\.ynew. A. S. gmoA, ntis. WaUace^ 
ENFORCELY, adv* Forcibly. Barbour* 
ENGAIGNE, s. Indignation. Batbmr. 

Fr. engain, choler. 
To ENGREGE, v. a. To aggravataw 

Fr. engreg-^r, id. DiaUog* 


vex. Fr. grev^er, id. Barbour* 


LIE, adv. I. Inwardly. Barbour* 

2. Ardently, keenly. Douglas. 

Ft, &n coeur, q. in heart. 

EMPRESOWNl!/, s, A prisoner. 



EMPRISE, «« Enterprise. Xsng*i Qntair. 
SENYE, t, 1. A mark, or badge. 
Fr. gmeigne. Lyndmy^ 

8. Eniign, or standard. Xnox, 

9. The word of war. Barbour. 

4. A company of soldiers. Xnoi, 
ENSELYT, pret. Sealed. Barbour. 
EVTAlLYEir, part. pa. Formed. 

Pr. entaiU-er, to carre. Pdliee ^ffotu 
ENTENTYVE, adj. Earnest, intent 

Fr. ententif. Barbour, 

^irrsMTKLT, adv. Attentifel j. Barbour. 
ENTREM ELLYS, m. pi. Skirmishes. 


Fr. enircmd^ert to interminglei 

ENTRE8, ENTERES, $. Access, en- 

try. BeUendeh. 

ENTRES» s. Interest 'Acts Sedt. 

£ PISTIL, s. A harangue or discourse. 

£R, adv. Before. V. Auu Barbour. 
Eras, EAKkk, com/7. 1. Sooner. 

Gawan and Got* 

5. Rather. Wyntown. 
Eeast, tiiperi. Soonest Wyntoum. 

The earth, S. pron. yird. Wynitovm. 
S. Ground, soil, S. 

A.&.eard, liLjaurd, id., flrom IsL 

acr-o, tfr-ui, to plough. 

To Eaoi Yxan, v. a. 1. To inter a dead 

body, 8. B. Barbour. 

2. Denoting n leas aolemik Interment 


8. To ^orer with the soil, for conceal, 
ment, & Poems Buchan Dial, 

Sn.G. iord^asy sepeliri ; Jsl. iard-a, 
Em RovsKs, Habitations formed under 

liA.jard'hut, domus subterranea. 
EansTVy YimnxK, a. I, An 'earthquake. 

A.S. eorth^dyn, terrae motus. 
2. Thunder, &B. 
Ere, EIR, «. Fear, dread; Aug. V. 

feRF, atfj, 1. ATerse, reluctant. Loth. 

9. Reserredt distant, Loth. V. Eaaii; 


To ERGH, ARGH, ERF, v. n, 1. To 

hesitate, to feel reluctance, 6. BailUe. 

2. To be reluctant from timidity, & 

A.S. earg-ian. tofpeseere pro timore. 
EaoB, aelj. I, HesiUtin^ scrupulous S. 

2. Timorous, S.B. 
Eegh, £r6ui9o, i. 1. Doubt, apprehen« 

sion, 8. 

2. Fear, timidity, S. A.S. yrhth, id* 
ERY, EIRY, EERIE, adj. 1. Affected 

with fear, from whatever cause. 2>uii^to«. 

2. Under the influence of fear, excited 

by wildness of situation. Douglas. 

5, Denoting the feeling inspired by the 

dread of ghosts, S. Bosm. 

4. Causing fear of spirits, S. Bums. 

Belg. eer-etif Tereri, Isl. oigr-a, terreo. 

Ektvess, Eirtness, s. Fear excited by the 

idea of an apparition, S. Evergreen* 

LAND, s, A denomination of land* 

Orkn. Barry.. 

Su.G. oeresland^ the eighth part of a 

£RLIS» s. Earnest V. Arlss. 

The eagle, S.B. Douglas, 

2. The osprey. Soulatem 

A.S. earn, Isl. aum, em, aquila. 
ERNAND, part, pr. Running. 

A»S. eorti-an, currere. Maitland P; 
ERN-F£RN, s. The brittle fern, S. q; 

" the eagle-fern." 
ERSE, M(f, used as a «. The dialect of the 

Celtic spoken by the Highlanders of S. 

i. e. Irish, 
ERTAND, part, pr. Perhaps, ingenious* 

from Airlf v, to aim. Gatvan and GoL 
ESCH, «. Tlie ash, a tree. Dottglas, 

Eschik, ac[;. Belonging to the ash. Doug. 
To ESCHAME, v, n. To be ashamed. 

ESCHEL. ESCHEILL, s. A divisioa 

of an army. Barbour. 

O, ¥r, eschieUe, a squadron. 

achierc. Fr. achev-er. Barbour, 
ESCHEW, s. An achieTement Barbour. 
ESFVL, atfj. Producing ease. fTyntovnu 


ESK, s. A newt, S. V. Ask. 
To ESK, EE8K. TESK, v. ft. To hic- 
cup, S.B. A.S.guc-um,icL 
Esxiv, EssuN, «. The hiccup, S.B. 

A.S. geoetungf id. 
ESPERANCE, s. Hope, Fr. BdUndeti. 
ESPYE, <. A spy. JP^. efptV. JDo«gto«. 
EspTZLL* <. A spy. iTnov. 

ESPINEL, «. A sort of ruby. FV. Aire/. 

O. Fr. etpimventiMe. Lyndtay, 

ESS, <. Ace. jffannafyne P. 

ESSYS, ii/. Advantiges. Fr. am. 

ESSON TIE, «. Excuse offered for non- 
appearance in a court of law. 

Fr. etiome, id. Beg, Uaj, 

EssoKTiBE, t. One who legally offers an 
excuse for the absence of another. 

Reg. Mqj. 
ESTER, $. An oyster. Lyndtay, 

ESTLER, a^. Hewn. V. Aislair. 

ETH, a^. Easy. V. Erb. 
ETHERINS, s.pL The cross ropes of a 
thatchefi roof or stack, S.B. 

A.S. etkert a corert, heatker»iant ar- 
ETHIK, ETICK, a^. 1. Hectic. 

2. Delicate, S.B. Fr. ffi^u^, hectic. 
ETIN, *. A giant. V. Etityk. 
ETJON, 1. Lineage^ S.B. 

Poems Buchan DiaL 

Su. G. aett, etU family, 

ETNAGH BERRIES, Juniper berries. 

Ang. Boss, 

To ETTIL, ETTLE, ATTEL, v. o. 1. 

To aim, to take aim, Si Douglas. 

S. To make an attempt, S. Banuay* 

S. To propose, to design, S. Douglas. 

4. To direct one's course. Houlate* 
IsL aetla, destinar^ 

Ettls, Eruyo, «. 1. A mark, S,, Boss. 
2. Aim, attempt, S. Bums. 

5. Design. Barbour. 
To EVEN, V. a. 1. To equal, S. 

Sir X Sinclair. 
9. To bring down to a certain level. 



9. To talk «f one as a match for another 

in marriage, & Sir J. Sinelair* 

EVENDOUN,o<(;. 1. Perpendicular, 8. 

S. Honest, downright, S. 

3. Denoting a very heavy fall of rain, S. 

EVE RICH, at(f. ETcry; everkhone, every 

one. Jring*s Qumr» 

A,S, a^fire eaCt id. 

EUERILK, a4j. Every. Lywisay, 

A.8^ aefre eaie, id* 
EvuLiucAVx, a4;. Every one. Barhour^ 
EUILI^DEDY, atU. Wicked. Lyndsay. 

A. S. yfel daeda, prava agens. 
EVINLY, a<;. I. Equal. Doughs. 

8. Indifferent, impartial. Wyntown. 
A.S. efenMe, aequalis, aequus. 
EVIRLY, ad». Constantly, continually, 

To EVITE, V. a. To avoid, Lat mt-ore. 

EULCRUKE, s. Perhaps, oiUesseL 

Burrow Laweu 
EVLEIT, a4}. Active. V. Ouoht. 
EUOUR, EVEYR, s. Ivory. Dim^. 
EWDEN-DRIFT, s. Drifted snow, 
Aberd. Shinefu 

EWDER, EWDRUCH, s. A disagrees 
able smell, &B. Clydes. Journal land. 
Fr. odeur. 
EWDER, s. A biases. B. 

Poems Buekan Dial. 
EW-GOWAN, s. Common Daisy. 
EWEST, a4f. Contiguous, ^cts Ja. Vl. 
EWIN, adv. Straight, right Dunbar. 
EWYNLY, adv. Equally. Barbour. 

To EXAME, 0. a. To examine^ & 

To EXCAMBIE, v. a. To exchange, S. 

L.B. exeamb4are. 
ExcAMMOK, s. Exchange, S. SpoUwood. 
To EXEME, EXEEM,v.o. To exempt. 


EXPECTANT, s. A candidate for the 

ministry, not yet licensed to preach the 

gospeL Acts Assembly. 

To EXPISCATE, r. a. To fish out by 

inquiry, & Wodraw. 

ImX. erjHSca'ri, id. 

To EXPONE, 1. To explain. Bailiie,. 

Lat expoH'-ere. 


9. To ezpoie to dAoger. JTfifr. 

To EXPREME, p. a. To express. Doug, 
EXPRES, adp. Altogether. Dougku. 
Fr, par espr^s, expressly. 


EXTRE', J. Axle-tree, & V. Ax-nts. 


To EXTRA VAGE, v, n. To, deviate ia 

discourse. V. Stkataig. Fvuntainhall, 

FA', FAE, s. Foe. A. a^, id. Doughs. 
FA, V, and *. V. Faw. 
FABORIS, s. pL Subuibs. Fr./aux^ 
bourg, fTaUace* 

FABURDOUN, «. Counterpoiiit in mu- 
sic; Fr./hu3t^bourdo», BureL 
FACHENIS, /i/. FeulchioDS. Dougias. 

FACHT, Leg. JftcA/, flight Houlate. 
FADDIS, s.pL BostSL SeUenden. 

FADE, FEDE, at^. Appointed; A.S. 
fad-ant ordinare. Sir Tristrem. 

FADE, «. A company of hunters. Doug. 
Isl. veid-^Lf to hunt, OaeL fjodh, a 
To FADE, V. a. To fall short in. 

U.fat-asit deficit. Wyntoum. 

FADER, FADTR, s. Father. Barbour. 

A.S. faeder, h^.Jhder, id. 
FADGE, «. A bundle of sticks, Dnmfr. 

Sw, fagg-a, onerare. 
FADGE, PAGE, «. 1. A large flat loaf 
or bannock. GL Sibb, 

S. A flat wheaten loaf, Loth. Banuay. 
Teut wegghet libom oblongnm ; Fr. 
Jbuace, a thick cake. 
3. A lusty and clumsy woman, S. Bitson. 
To FADLE, FAIDLE, o. n. To wad- 
dle, Ang. 
FA DOM, «. A fathom, S, Iai,fadm^. 
FAGALD, s. Faggot. 
FAY, t. 1. Faith, O.Fr./e. Wynto 

S. Fidelity, allegiance. Barbour. 

To FAIK, o. o. To grasp. Douglas. 

Flmnd, fack-en, apprehendere. 
To FAIK, 9. a. To fold, & Bums. 

Sm. veck, a fold. 
Fak, «. 1. a fold, S.B. Bannatyne P, 
3. A pUid, Ang. FoiHf, Aberd. 

Journal Lond* 

FAIK, «. A stratum of stone, Loth. 
FAIK, «. The rasor-bill, a bird. N^U 
To FAIK, v.a. 1. To lower the price 

of any commodity, Loth. Perths. 

S« To let go with impunity. Loth. 
Su. G.faik'a, to cheapen. 
To FAIK, FAICK, v. n. To fail, a B. 

Su«G. urik-af oedere. JBojf. 

To FAIK, V. n. To stop, & B. Boss. 

FAIU FALE, FEAL, s. 1. Any grassy 

part of the surface of the ground. Doug* 

9. A flat grassy clod cut from the sward, 

8. BeUenden. 
Su. G. vfoUf (pron. vail J, sward. 

Fail-dtxz, s. a wall built of sods, S. 

Minstrelsy Border. 
To FAILE, v. n. 1. To fail. 

S. To be in want of any thing. Barbour^ 
Failtu, Fatlthx', s. 1. Failure. AciStdt, 
S. Lq^al sulgection to a penalty. 


9. Penalty in case of breach of bargain^ 

To FAYND, FAND, v. a* I. To tempt 


S. To put to triaL / Sir TristreM* 

9. To endeavour. Barbour* 

A.8.fand-ianf tentare. 

To FAYND, V. n. To shift V. Fkka. 

FA YNDING, s. Perhaps, guile. Barbour* 
FAINY, adv. Not understood. Houlate. 
FAINTICE, J. Dissembling. Barbour* 

FAIPLE, J. 2b hang the faipUt to bo 
chopfallen, S. J. Scott. 

FAIR, atg. Calm, Orkney. 
FAIR, FERE, FEYR, s. Appearance. 
A.aytferA, Tultus. Douglas. 

FAIR, FAYR, FAR, «. 1. Solemn pre- 
paration, Barbour. 


S. Fimenl aoUmnity. Gawan am? CM, 
Geno.feyr-en, to celebrate. 
PAIR, *- Aflkir. PHetti tf Peblia. 

FAYR, a4f. Proper. Barbour. 

Moe^ G.fagTt idoneus. 
FAIRD.f. I. Course. Compia^ S* 

S, Expedition, enterprise. Calderwood, 
TAlKDEDt part. pr> Painted. V. Faiui^ 


FAIRDING, «. Vioknt blowing. BureL 
FAYRE, FARE, j. Course. Wj^own^ 

Isl./or, iter. 
FAIRFASSINT, 04/. Having great 

semblance of discretion, Ang. 
FAIRHEID, s. Beauty. Jhmbar. 

FAIRIN, FARN£, Fared. 

FAIRY.HILLOCKS,^. Verdant knoUs, 
denominated from the vulgar idea that 
these were anciently inhabited by the 
fairies, or that they used to dance there^ 
. To FAIRLY, y. Fb»lt, v. 
FAIRNTICKL*D, aif. Freckled. 
FA IT, s. To losefaii of, to lose one*a good 
opinion of, S. 
» Vt.fairefSie de, to joy in* 
To FAYT, t>. a. Perhaps, frame. 

Sir Trutrtnf, 
To FAIZLE, V, a. To flatter, S.B. • 

Su. G./M-a, id- 
FALD, FAULD, t, 1. A sheep-fold, S. 


% Ad indosure of any kind. Douglas, 
A.S. U\,faid, septum anhnalium. 
To Fald, Fauld, v. a. To inclose in a 

fold, S. Sw.faeUa, id. 
To FALD, V. n. To bow, S. Garden. 

A,S. featd-an, plicare. 
To FALE, V. n. To happen. Wyntown. 
FALK, FAUK, $, The Raior-bill. 

To FALL, v.n. 1. To fall to, as one's por- 
tion, pron./aw, S. Pebtis to the Play, 
8. To be one's turn. It/au>is me tiow, S. 
7> Fall by, v, n. To be lost, S. 



To FALL with child, to baoome pifg- 

nant, S. 
FALL, (jp(nni.jtmj i, A meaaure sis ells 
square, S. Skene. 

Su. G. file, pertica, 9 perch. 
FALL, FAW, *. A tmp, S. JEvergreem 

Germ.fiUe, Su,0.\falla, decipula. 

FALLS R I G, s, A bridge used in a siege* 

which the besiegers let fill on the walls^ 

that they might enter by h* Barbour. 

FALLEN STARS, a geUuinotts plant, 

found in paatures, &e. after rain, S. 
Ska FALLxir staes. Ska lckgs, An animal 

thrown on the sea^sboitf & 
2V FALLOW, V. a. Tofollow, & DougUu. 
FALOW, FALLOW, s. Feltow. 


To Fallow, v. o. To equaL Dunbar. 

FALSAR, FALSARIE, #. A Msifier. 

Aclt Ifarte, 

FALSED, FAX.SETTE, 1. 1. Falsehood. 


8. A forgery. O.Vr.fitUtete. Jets Mar. 


0.¥r, fiute, Barbour. 

FAME, FAIM, FEIM, s. 1. Foam, S. 


8. Passion, S^B. 

A.S, fim,faenh spuma. 
To Faux, 11. n. Tobe in a r^, S. 
FAMEN,/i^Foes. fTaOaee. 

A.S./aA-Mon, foe-man. 
FAMYLE, FAMELL, s, Famfly, laoe. 
Ft.fbmiUe, Dauglat. 

FAMOUS, aig. Of good diaiacter. 

Tr.fimeur, of much credit Wodmw. 

To FAND, ti. fl. To try. V. Fatvd. 

FAND, pret, v. Found, S. Hudson. 

To FANE, v,a. To protect Dunbar, 

FANE. Ja/an«, fondly. GaufanandGoL 

FANG, s. 1. Capture. Wallace. 

2. What is seized or carried off, Ang^ 


With the fang, having in posseasioii, 


9. In pi., claws or talons, S. 

4. The bend of a rope. Gl. Sibb* 

A. S. fang, Teut vangbe, captura, 


To VKli^Yit FANKLE, v.a.Toflnttiiglc, 
opMiaUy by knots, S. Henryume, 

Teut. vandc, tendicuU. 

bandkerduef carried on t)iepriest*i ami 
aft mask Jfufanon. Wyntvw^ 

To FAMTISIE, v. a. To icgard with 
alftetion. ¥r.Jania$4€r, G.JBuekanam^ 

Faiitiw, <. Vain appearance. JT. Quair. 

FANTON, i. Swoon. PaHee of Hon. 

FAKTOWN, a4f. Fantaitic WyniowfL 

FAR» «. PooBpout preparation. V. Faie. 

FAR, #. Appearance V. Faib. Barbour, 

FAR, FARE, FAYR, «. Expedition. 


FARA]^P, FARRAND, ai(^'. Seeming. 

AuLn-rAAAwn, a4r* Sagadooa, SL 
FA»-rAftAin>, ac(^ 1. Having a goodlj ap- 
pearancCi &P.liej>r. 

S. Having a fiur carriagei Houiate* 
8. Having a tpedout appearance, & 
£0ii.*rAnAKn, at^j. Unseemly* Dm^toi* 
FooL-rAmuir, 04^'. Having a bpd appear- 
ance, ifcffy, 
WnLL-rAKAim, o^f, I. iiaving • goodly 
appearance. JterAour. 
S. Handsome. JFaUoce. 
SvuG.JbT'Of agert; Tent. fNMr-«n, 

f ARAND, poff. pr. I^veliin^ fiarbow. 
FABAwnMAir, #. A traveUar. Sktne. 

A. a/aroKie. itinerut 
FARAR, compar. Better. G^HQana?i4 (ro£. 
FARCOST.i. A trading vessel SM.Aee» 
8iUmG»Jkrko9it any instrument of tra- 
FARAR, «. A traveller. Douglas, 

To FARD^ FAIRP, e.a, 1. To paint. 


2. To emhelUsh. CompL & 
Fr.fard-trt id,Jkr4t paint. 

FAAn, «. Paint Z. Boyd* 

FARDb «<;• frtiUfard, wdl ftvonred. 


FARD, FARDEi FAJRD, «. 1. Course. 

8. Foroe^ ardour. BetUnden. 

3. To miake a fairdt to make a bustle. 
Sn,G,Jherd, cumis, iter. Bmnuay. 


FARDER, act;. Further, & B. Bruce. 
FARDIXXIS, $.pl. Shivers. 

Goiwanemd GoL 

Teut vierHMt quadra. 

FAREFOLKIS, t*pl, FtaiieB; fair-folk. 

BanA. Dou^a$» 

Q.fairfolk, orfhrmgfolk. 

FARY, FARIE, s. 1. Bustle, tumult 


2, Confusion, consternation. V. Fixhy. 

FA RI NG, s. Leadittgof an army. Barbour, 
ItX.faer*af Su* G^ybcr-a, ducere, du- 
cem esse. 
FARLAND, a^f. Coming from a die- 
tant country. MaiUandP* 

A. S,feorien, feorleud, longinquus. 
perly, the fourth part of a thin cake» 
whether of flour or oatmeal | but now 
used often for a third, S. fFodrow. 

Teut visT'deels A. S.feorth dad, quar- 
FARRACH, r. Force, vigour, S.B. 

Poems Buchan Dial* 

IsLyba*, validus; Gael.ybrrocA, force. 

FARSY, aty. Having the farcy. Dunbar. 

FARTIGAL, s. A ftzdingale. 

Fr. venugale, id. Maitland P. 

FAS, r. Hair. A. S.feax, id. Douglas, 

Ta FASCH, FASH, 0.0. 1. To trouble, 

applied to the body, S. Baillie. 

S, Denoting what pains the mind. 


3. To molest, in ageneral sense, & 


Tofath one's thumb, to give one's self 

trouble^ S* Samsay. 

To Fasch, v. n. 1. To take trooblei S. 

9. To be weary of, S. Chron, S. P. 

3. Tointermeddle^soastosuljectone's 

aelf to trouble, S, 

Fr. sefaek-er, to grieve ; Su. O.faas 

widen, Ungere aliquem, to fash with, S. 
Fasch, Fasb, s. 1. Trouble, S. Burns. 

2. Pains taken about any thing, S. 

3. Denoting a troublesome person, S. 
Fasckioub, Fashious, a4j. Troublesome. 

FT.fackeu3c,facheutet id. Bailiir, 


Vacbmue, Fr. Fashru, t. Trouble, S. 

Acts Jo. VL 
FASS£» J. A hair. 5. P. Bepr. 

FASSON, «. Fashum, S.B./uim. 

Complayni S. 
deep red colour. Aeit Jo. Vh 

FASTRINGIS-EWYN, «. Theereoing 
preceding the first day of the Fast of 
Lent Fattenu-tent & Barbour, 

Belg. Viutenavondt id. 
FATHERBETTER, a^f. Surpaaiing 
one's father, S.B. SaiUie, 

Jt\. faudrbOringr, id. 
FATHER.BROTHER, c A paternal 
uncle, S. Skene, 

FATHBit-sisraa, $. A paternal aunt Id, 
FATT'RILS, $.pl. Folds or puckeringt, 
S.O. Bums, 

O. Fr.JiUrttilte, trumpery. 
FAUCH, FAW, FEWE, atff. Pile red, 
£dlow; duD, Aberd. Douglas^ 

A. S. Jhh, fialg.Jhalh, helms. 
To FAUCH, FAUGH, v. a. 1. To fal- 
low ground, S. Siaiist. Ace 
2. To beat. He f aught him weU, S.B. 
d^ S/iirr. 
It^./aag-a, Sa. G.faei-a, purgare. 
Faccb, Fauou, at^. Fallow, not sowed, S. 
Faucr, Fauou, «. 1. A single furrow, 
from lea, Ang. 
S. The land thus managed, S.B* 

Siatist. Ace, 
5. Applied to the tearing of character, 
FAUCHT.;»ref. Fought V. Fecot. 
FAUTE. FAWT. V. Falt. 
FAUCUMTULIES* i. pi, Pei^uisites 
due by the tenant to the proprietor, Ang. 
FAVELLIS, pL Perhaps sairours. 

FAULTOUR, #. A transgressor. Lindsay, 
FAUSE-HOUSE, t. A vacancy in a 
stack, for preserving corns* q. false 
house. Bums, 

FAW, a€i}. Pale red. V. Fadch. 
Fa w, a4f» Of divene colours. 

Gawan and CM, 
A.S, fag, fah, versicolor. 
To FAW, FA*| «. o. 1. To obtain. Bums* 


S. To have as one*s lot SL 

Fapuktr BalL 
Faw, Fa*, s. 1. Share, & Boss. 

9. Lot diance, S. Bumsm 

FAW, FA', s. A fall, S. 
To Shak a Fa', «. 1. To wrestle, S. Jton. 
2. To strain every nerve, S.B. Baiiii&, 
FAw-cAr, s, A stuffisd cap for guarding m, 
child's head from the bad effects of • 
faU, &B. 
FAW, s. A trap. V. Fali.. 
FAWELY,<ufo.Fewinnumber. Waitace. 
FAX, s. Face, visage. Douglas, 

ItHfaSf conspectus, gestus. 
FAZART, a4i. Dastardly. JKennedy, 

8a.G,fasar, horreo. 
Facakt, s, a dasUrd. Monigowierie, 

F£, FEE, FEY, FIE, s, I. Cattle. 

S. Small cattle, sheep or goats. Douglas, 
9. Possessions* in general. Barbour^ 

4. Money. Wyntown, 

5. Wagesi 8, StaHsi, Ace, 

6. Hereditary property in land. 


7. Hereditary succession. Barbour, 

8. Absolute property, as distinguished 
from liferent LL. Sb Skene, 

IsL fit Su. G. foe, A. S-feo, peeus, pe^ 

FcAa, FiAk, «. 1. One to whom property 

belongs in reversion, S* 

2. Connected with the term am^nct, a 

liferenter, S. Skene, 

FEAhE, adj. FaithAil, loyal, O.Fr. fioL 

Bannatyne Poewu, 

FEATHER CLING, A disease of black 

cattle, S. Ess, Highl, Soe, 

To FEBL£» V. n. To become weak. 


To FcBus, V, a. To enfeeble. 

Fr.foiUesse, weaknessi 

FuuNG, s. Weakness. Dougfas, 

To FECHT, v. a, 1, To fight ; pret 

fauchttfawcht, Wyntownm 

A,S,feaht'-an, Genn./d«Al-an, id. 
2. To toil, S. Bums^ 

FxcRT, Facht, Fauobt, s, 1. Fight Sw 
2. Struggle^ of whatever kind, S. Burns, 


FiCBTAB, «. One engaged in figbt, & 

A.8,feoktere, pugnstor. WaUaee. 
F£GH1£-L£GH1£, oi^'. *A contemp- 

tuottf tenn, oonjoiniog the ideas of in- 
sipidity, inactitity, end diminutiTe ais^ 

Aberd. . 
FECK, F£K,<. 1. A term denoting, both 

ipeoe and quentity or niunber, S. 


2. Tlie greatest part, & WaOaee* 

S. Of feck, of value. Mowtgnmerie. 

A.S.faeet space, or Fr. effect, 
Fbckful, Fxcxrow, ai(;. 1. Wealthy, S. 

Feckfow4ike having the appearance of 

wealth, & 

S. Possessing bodily ability, & JffanuUofu 

S, Powerful. lUmtay. 

Fscrr, adj. Gaudy, &B. JRo9s» 

FncKLiss, adj. 1. Weak, apptied to the 

body, & Ross. 

2. Feeble in mind. Polwart. 

8. Spiritless, Ang. 
FscKLT, Fectlu, adv. 1. Partly, 8. 


8. Mostly, S. Boss. 

FxcKLissHKss, s. FeeUeuess, S. Ruthirford* 
F£CK£T, «. Under-waistcoat, & J^ms. 
F£DD£aAM£, F£DB£M, s. pi. 

Wings. Douglas. 

A.S./hether'Aam, a dress of feathers. 

Tt F£D£, V. a. To nurture. Sir Trisi* 

A. &^/M-aii, educare ; Su. G. foed-a, 

To F££, FI£, 0.0. To hii^ a V. Fb. 

F££DING STORM, One that is on 

the increase, S. Raitlie. 

To F££L, V. a. To smell, S. 

Sir J. Sinclair* 
F£ENICHIN, a4f. Foppish, Flie. 
F££R Foft FEER, Every way equal, 

8. B. V. Fbrk, companion. 
FEERICHIN, oi^ Bustling, S.B. V. 


FEERIE, a^j. Clever. V. Fcmr. 

F££TH, FEITH, s, A net» fiied and 

atretdiing into the bed of a river, Aberd. 

Siaiisi. Aec, 

Moes. G. fiitiuh Kpes; Dan. twd, » 


2V FEEZE, V. a. To twist, S.A.Dou^. 
To FfBu ABoinc; 1. To turn round, S. 
8. To hang off and on, S. B. SkinMr. 
Be^. tnfz-erif id. 
To Fu» OK, V. a. To screw, 8. 
2b FxiBB Arr. o. a. To unskrew, S. 
2b Fbxsb up, v. o. 1. To flatter, & 
Su. G.Jbs-a, id. 
S. To work up into a passion, S. 
FEY, FEE, FIE. at^j. 1. On the veige 
of death, S. fTaUace. 

S. Unfortunate, unhappy. Dougfas* 
5. AfiypucUe, a grain of com, that has 
lost iu substance. S.B. 

Isl*/eig-r, Su. G.fsg, A. ^faege, mo« 
ribundus, roorti appropinquans, Belg. 
veeg, Vt.fiey fatal. 
FxTOOM, «. The state of being near death, 
or that conduct which is apposed to in- 
dicate it, S. 
FEY, J. 1. A fie^ held of a superior. 


8. A kingdom ; improperly. Wyntounu 

FEY, 1, A foe. V. Fa. Maitland Poems. 

FEID, FEDE, s. Enmity; a quarrel, 8. 


lAJtade,fed, Su. G./rgd, A. S.faehthf 


FmnoM, s. Enmity. Evergreen. 

FEIGH, FEECH, inte^. Fy, 8.Ram$ay. 

Alem. Jig-^H, A. S. Ji'an, odisse. 
FEYK, #. Restlessness, proceeding fiom 
nervous affbction, theJUIgeis. V. Fru. 
Many. Batiour. 

IsLjSof, pluralitas; A.S. feala, fela, 
Fbll, Fibl, adv. Denoting degree, S. as, 
fell Weill. Bums. 

To FEIL, 0.0. To understand. Wallace. 
Feil, Fulu, <. Knowledge. Dunbar. 
FEIM, s. Foam. V. Famb. 
FEIR. i. Demeanour. Bannaiyne P* 
Fbib, Fbabb ^ Wbu, b warlike expedi- 
tion. Dunbar. 
A^S./br-astf profidsd, ^bre, expedi- 
FEYR. /fi/<ryr, in company. V.Fbre. 
?£YRD, fourth. V. Fbbs. 


l^IRISi bdongs. JBouIaU. 

FEKIT, FYKIT, Troubled. Wallace. 
F£LGOUTH. L. tOcotOh, stnnge. 

To FELL, t;. a. To kill, 9. 

Poems Buchan Dial. 
To FELL, V. n. To befal. Boss. 

FELL, af^. 1. Hot, biting^ S. Sums. 

2. Singular, stnnge, S. 

5. Clever, mettleaome, & if^i^A. 

4. Acute, truisferred to mind, S. 

To FELL, FELL OFF, v a. To let out 
A net from a boat, S. B. Law Case. 
Sa.G.faeU-a, dqioere, demittere. 
FELL, s. A rocky hill, S. Wyntowu 

Su. G.JiaeU, a ridge or cbain of moon- 
FELL- BLOOM, s. Yellow clover, S. 
FELL SYIS, adv. Often. JSarbowr. 

FELLIN, s. A disease of cattle, & 
FELOUN, FELLOUN, a^. 1. Fieree. 

5. "Solent, dreadful. Douglas. 
S. Denoting any thing extreme. 

¥r. felon, ftllon, fell, cruel WaUaee. 
FxiANT, FxLMT, s. 1. Cruelty. Barbour. 
2. Wrath, fierceness. WyrUoum. 

FELT, s. Creeping wheat-grass, & 

Staiisi. Acc^ 
FELT, s. Perhaps the same with/ctfm. 

To FELTER, v. a. To entangle, S.B. 

Yr.feuUrert to cover yfithfelt. Ross. 
FELT GRAVEL, the sandy gravel. 

FELTIFARE, s. The red shank, S. 

Gl. Complaynt. 
FEN, f. Mud, filth. A.S* fenn. Douglas. 
A.&ySmn, lutum, aordes, Moes.G. 
Jani, lutum. LaL/oen-unu 
To FEN. V. Fehd, r. 2. 
To FEND, r. a. To tempt. V. Fatitd. 


To FEND, FENDE, v. a. 1. To defend, 

& Fr. de-feni-re, id. Wallace. 

2. To support Jtf/njfr. Bord. 

3. To provide for one'sself. Buthefford. 
To FEND, FEN, t;. n. L To shift, S. 

2. To fare in general, 8. 


Vmnti 'Pxs, s. Tlie shift one makes, S. 

^ Douglas* 

FcMBiK, a^. Good at making shift, S. 

FENESTER, s. A window. Douglas. 
FENT, s. An opening in a sleeve^ shirW 

coat, &c a Tt.fenU, id. 
FER, s. Fkvparation. V. Fatr. JBorfrcmr. 
FER, adv. Far. Douglas. 

FERCOST, s, A bark. Y. Fakcost. 


FERD, FEIRD, FEYRD, at^. Fourth. 

Su. G.faerdCf ItA. fordo, id. Dougfas^ 

FERD, t. Force. V. FAian. J^btOie. 

FERDE, «. An army* iSiir Gawan. 

A.S./€terd, id. 
FERDELY, mit;. Perfa. actively. WaUace. 
FERDER, adv. Farther. Douglas. 

FERDY, FEIRDY, atff. Strong, active, 
8. Poems Buekan DiaL 

3u4G.faerdig, paratus. 
FERDLY, adv. Fearfully; Bord. 

FERE^o^;. Fierce, Lut. ferus. IT. tuoar. 
FERE, f. Appearance, shew. V. Fau. 
FERE, FEER, s. A companion. 

A. S. gC'fera, sodas. Barbour. 

In fire, together. Gawan and GoL 

Xf^"^* Ufi^ ^® same Douglas. 

FERE, FER, adj. Entire. Hale and fer^ 
whole and entire^ S. Barbofwr* 

IsL/a«r, Su.G.yoer, validus. 
FERETERE, s. A bier. Douglas. 

gorous, active; S. Dougfas* 
Genn.ferig, expeditus, alacer. 
FxMUK, Fxxaxux, adv. Cleverly. S. 

FERIAT, adj. FeriatUmes, holidays. 

lAtfiriati dies i JMae, holidays. 
FERIE-FARIE, s. Bustle. V. Faet, 
FERIS» V, It. Becomes. V. Afpbeis. 

FERY8, Marks; V. Faisu Douglas. 
FERYT, FERRYIT, pret, ». Farrowed. 
Sw, faerria, porcelios parere. Barbour. 
FERYT, itret. v. Waxed. Wallace. 

FEBJTIE, s. Violence. Bp. Fopbes. 



wonder, S. J)<mgt«u, 

A,S.ftKrUe,JMic, repentinuni also, 

2b Fx&LY, r. n. To woodcr* Zhuglas* 
Fb&ltpull, aig, Surpriung. Barbour. 
FERLYST, L. Teri^si. WaUace. 

To F£RM£, «. a. To make finn. JDotif. 
7o FERME, V. «. To abut up. 

Fr./<rrm-«r. Douglat. 

FERME, s. Rent, Fr. Actt Jd. Vt. 

FuMOASK, I. A ftrmer.- L.B.j!niMirwW. 

FERN, FEARN, «. Prepwed gut. S. 
tkarm, E. G/.iSiU. 

FERNITICKLES» ».pl. Freckles, & 

]>an.yregne, id. 
Fxftiiincci.i]>i Faiuitickl'd, a^» Freck* 
led. & RUwon, 

preceding year, S. L, HaHeu 

A,S- faren, paat; or Moet. G./atnu^ 
FiBVTiAa*s Tau^ a fabrication. SirSgdr, 
S,Jemyean newt, any intelligence 
that hat been known bng ago. 
FERRARIS, <./i^ Bareajerraris,catkB 
for carrying liquids. Barbour. 

Fr. ferriAre, a laige leadiem bottle. 
FERRY COW, a cow that is not with 

calf, a 

Belg. vare koe^'^ cow that yields no 
more roilk. 
FERRYAR, FERREAR, s. A fertyr. 
nan. Acta Ja. I, Douglas. 

FERS. Onfert, Perforce. Hewrytone. 
FERSIE, 9. The iarcy, & Ferg^i(m. 
FERTER-LIKE, ad{j. Appearing ready 
for the bier or coffin, Aberd. V. Faa- 
TOUB. PoenuBuchanDiaL 

FERTOUR, FERTOR, $. A little chest. 
L.B./cr«fruimasarGopbagusi whence 
O. Fr. fertrt, a chest in which leliquei 
of saints were kept 
To FEST, V. a. 1. To fix. Gawanand GoL 
So,G.faeskh to fasten. 
9. To confirm, by promise or oath. 

lb Vtmuft v.a* Tof$tltakJbp.MQmii$mh 


fksnmro, s. Confirmation. Wyntoum. 

A.S. faetinung, id. 
To FETYL, V.II. To join closely. 

Su^G. faetil, ligamen. Wyntown. 
FETTIL, FETTLE, «. Energy, power, 

&B. JB0M. 

To FETTLE, v. a. To tie up^ & 
FETTLI^, a4j. 1. Neat, tight, aB. 

9. Low in suture, but well-knit, &BL 
FETOUa at^' Neat, trim. Buddman. 
FxTusLT, ode. Featly. Don^toi. 

To FEUCH, FEUGH, $. To take a 
whiir, aB. JoumaiLond* 

ItLJktk-a, fento agitari. 
FcocB, t, A whiff, aB. 
FEUCH, f. A sounding blow, aB. 

*GL Mrr. 
FEVERFOULLIE, s. Feverfew, & 

FeatherwheeUe, S.B. 
FEVER-LARGIE, s. Expl. Two sto- 
machs to eat, and one to woHu 
FEU, FEW, «. A possession held on pay- 
ment of a certain yearly rent The 
mode of possession is also called ,/%f(r- 
ferme^ the rent few-duUe, arfew-maiii, 
a A.ay^o, pecunia. jieis Ja, VL 
FxuAX, FxwAX, s. One who holds lands 

in feu, a 
FEURE, *. Funow. V. Fox- 
FEWE, a4f. Fallow. V. Faucit. 
FEWLUME, a. A yarrow hawk. J)oug^ 
FEWa FOUETa Houseleek. 
FEWTE^, t. Fealty. Fr.feauU. Barbour. 
To FSWTER, FUTER, «. a. lb lock 
togethen Dcugiau 

lal.Jlaetr'a, compedibtts donstringere. 
FEWTI R, «. Rage. WaUaee. 

Isl.yWro, efflagro. 

FIAL, FIALL, ». 1. C>tie who receiTes 

wages. Scalding. 

2. A vassal. O. Vr.feai, id. JTnor. 

FIARa s- pi' I^e prices of grain legally 

fixed for the year. S. 

Fr. feuTf eslinatio venalium ; or IsL 
far, fear, the genit of /€^ fie, pccttnia. 

FICHE, i. A fish. BurtU 

FlCHYT,/wrlv pa. Fixed. Barbour. 
FYCHYT, jntt. Fetched. Wf/rMm. 

T9 FICKLE, «. 0. To pottle^ Loth. WtAU 


A.8.feoi, yenipeUii, Su.G. vicklth 
oomplicare, iti-vekla, to punlc 
FicKLT, aty, Punling, LoCli. 
FIDDER, s. A multitiide; V.Foddxe. 

Tit FIDDLE, V. II. To trifle^ though ap- 
parently haty, S. 

ltA.fa^ leviter attingere. 

FTDRINO, t, Confedentioii. BureL 

FIE. s. Sheep. V. Fb. 

FIEL, Burns. V. Fzil, a^. 

FIER, t, Sound. V. Fbrb. J, Doui^ 

FIERCELINOS, oc^. Violent^ 8.B. 


FiBBCBLXNos, odv. Violently, 8.B. Boss, 

FIERY, s. 1. Buide, confusion, SL 
S. Rage, ^inm.JierochfjMroch, Pertha. 
Su.G./f^, to celebrate. 

FuaT-FAET, s* I. Bustle, S. Lindsay, 
S. Shew, pretended bustle. BaiUie. 

FIESE WILK, Striated whelk. V. 
Fans. SOfbM. 

FIFT, Houhte. L. in fist. 

FT-6 AE-BT, s. A ludicrous designatioa 
for the diarrhoea, S. 

FTELL, PHIOLL, #. A round vaulted 

tower. ^Police Hon. 

Lat. Pht^ae, towers of an oval form. 

FIGM A LI RIE, <. A whim. JBanuay. 
Apparently the same with WhigmO' 
leerie, q. ▼. 

To FIKE, FYKE, FEIK, o. ti. 1. Tobo 
in a restless states without change of 
place, a Cidand, 

S. To more firom ph^e to place unstea- 
dily, & BureL 
5. To be at trouble about any thing, S. 
Su. G.JUt-a, cursitaro ; Jtodb-a, hunc 
illuc yagari. 

To Foci, Fjuk, v. o. 1. To vex, to peiplez, 

9. To do any thing in a diligent but 
piddling way, S. JTeily* 

FiKz, Ftkk, «• 1. Bustle about what is 
trifling, a HamiUon. 

S. Restlessness, from whaterer cause. 

Fooc, a^. Minutely troublesome, a 

FixarACKs, s. pi, 1. Minute pieces of 
work, cauibg oonsidaable trouble, & 


9. Little troublesome pecuUaiitiet of 
temper, a 

Tent./ct/aci-ai, agitare, factitarc. 
FILCH ANS, Rags patched or fiu- 

tcned together, Ang. 
To FYLE, FILE, v. a. I. To defile. & 
A- a ge^yUan, id. DoM^fas. 

2. To diffuse contagion. Acts Ja, II* 
5. To sully, used in a moral sense. 

4. To accuse, a law term. JVwitfaiaftiill. 

5. To pronounce guilty, a Beg. U^. 
FYLE, s. A fowl. SouUite. 

filib£:g, philibeg, feil-beg, 

s. A piece of dress worn by men, in 

the Highlands, instead of breeches, a 
Gad. fifUadk'heg / filleadh fold, and 

begt little. BoswdL 

FILL, s. Full, a Su. G.fyUe. K. Q^Mtr. 
FILL AT, FILLET,*. Hie flank. 

Fr.fiiet, id. Bougfas. 

FILLER, #. Tlie only term used for • 

funnel, a Sir J. Stnclairm 

FILLOK, FILLY, s. 1. A young mare^ 


S. A giddy young woman. * Bouglau 
S. Filly, a frothy young man. 

Itajhelja, fom. cIJU, puUus equinua. 
FILSCH, a^. Empty, fiunt. Loth. 
FILSCH, «. Weeds or grass covering tha 
ground, a B. 

8u»G,fel^,fal-a, to cover. 
FiLscHT, a^f. Applied to a sheaf when 
swelled up with weeds or natural gnm 


FIN, s. Humour; q.yUfu GL Skstr. 

To FIND, V. a. I. To foel, a Bamst^ 

2. To grope, to grabble^ a 
FINDY, a^j. FuU, substantial; q.what 
finds or supports. JTs^y. 

FINDLE, s. 1. Any thing found, a 
8. The act of finding, aB. 
A.S. fyndele, adinventiOi 
FINDSILY, wff. Apt to find. JKffy. 

A.S, find'-an, and saelig, felix. 
To FINE, FYNE, o. n. To make an end. 
FINGEIUFED^ wfj. Delicately brought 


FIKGBRIN, «. Wonted spnn of combed 
wool, oo the sixiaU wheel, 8. Coivil* 
FiNOEOiCB, s.pL Woollen cioth, denomina- 
ted, as would seem, from the qualitj of 
the worsted, Aberd. SUUitt. Ace, 

FYiJYST, part, pa, Boanded. Douglas. 
PYNKLE, *. Fennel 8. P. Repr. 

Lat foenicul'Unu 
white trout, &B. Statitt, Ace. 

Gmthjeannogf id. 
FINNER, «. A species of whale. St. Ace. 
FINNIE, $. A salmon not a yearold, S.B. 
FINNIN, #. A fiend, Ang. PHtcoUie. 
Su.G. fanen, JUmdent Jhnden, caco- 
FINNISON, s. Anxious expectation, 
Fifes. Teut vinnigh, aoer, Tehemena. 
To FIPPIL, V. n. To whimper. 

PebiU Play. 
FIPILLI& MaiOand Poems. 

l^.JipUh atlrectan. 
FIR, adv. Far. Gawan and Gol. 

To FIRE, V. a. To bake bread, & 

FYREFANGIT.poW.jia. 1. Laidliold 
of by fire. Douglas. 

2. Applied to cheese when swelled and 
cracked, from being exposed to much 
heat before it has been dried, S. 
«. Lightning, 8. Douglas. 

Teut vMT, Ignis, and vlack^en, spar- 
gere fiammam; vierslaeut ezcutere ig- 
FYRIT,pr^. V. Perh. dragged. BeUenden. 
fourth part of a boll of com, & 

Acts Jo, Z. 
A.S, ^ftorth, and hi, quarta portio.' 
FIRRON, FARREN, a^. Belonging to 
the fir. Douglas. 

FIRTH, s. I. An estuary, S. BeUenden. 
2. A bay. Douglas. 

Sia.G. Jiaerd, hX.fiQrd-r, fretum. 
FIRTH, FYRTH, s. A sheltered place, 
an inclosure. Gawan and Gol, 

A.S. Jrith.4ant tueri, protegere. 
To FISSLE, t;.9i. To make a slight con- 
tinued noise, to rustle^ S. 


Teut Jut$ei-en, agitate, ftctitare^ at- 

FissLX, Fisrr^ #. Bustle, fuss, & Ross. 
FIT, s. Foot, & Ferguson. 

FiRST^m, f . The name gt^en, in the calen- 
dar of superstition, to the person who 
Jirtt enters a house, on any day which is 

pardcnlarly regarded as influencing tiio 

Ate of a fiunily, & * J. Nicol. 

VmmD, s. Print of the foot, 8. B. Gl. Sffiirr. 
Fmr, Funr, a^. Expeditious, & A. . 

FmiK'LAii*, s. The nearer horse of the 

hindmost pair in a plough, & q'foot 

the land. Bums. 

FRTma, s. Footing, S. Z. Boyd. 

FimmNMKMT, s. Interest, &B. 

Poems Buchan DiaL 
To FiRXB, v.a. 1. To injure by firequent 

treading, & 

S. V. 91. To make a noise with the feet, 

8. Belg. voeteer.eth to foot it. 
FmxaiN, ff. The noise made by firequent 

and rapid motion of the feet, S. 
To FITCH, V. n. To move by slow sue 

cussations, S. 
FITHOWE, FITHAWE, *. A polecat. 
FYVESUM, a^f. Five together, a A. 
FIX FAX, s. The tendon of the neck of 

cattle or sbeep^ S. 
FIXFAX, s. Hurry, S.B. Ross. 

Sa.G.fks, alacer. 
To FIZZ, V. n. To make a hissing noise^ 

S. ilfH fys-a, soffiare. Bums. 

Fisz, F^sB, f . A hissing noise, S. 
To FIZZ, FIZZ about, v.n. 1. To be in 

a bustling state, S. 

S. To be in a rage, & 

A. S.JjfS'^an, festinare ; Isl.^«-a, in- 

Fns, s. I. A great bustle^ & 
Su.G.fMs, id. 

8. Rage, heat of temper, S. 
FLA, i. A flea. A.S. id. Puliee Hon. 
FLACKIE, s. A truss made of straw, fiir 

presenring a hone's back from being 

hurt by the creel, Orkn. 
To IPIaAF, FL AFF, v. n. 1. To flap, S, 


2. To flatter. Dougltu* 

To Flaffxr, o. n. To flutter, S.B. 
FLAOt «. A piece of green sward, cist 
with a spade, S. 

Is].,/Zag-0, glebas teoues ezsdodere. 
FLAG, 5. A squall. Teut. vUieghe. Doug. 
FLAG, «. A flash of lightning. jDougjUu. 
Teut vladlfefh ▼ibrare instar flam- 
FLAGGIS, $. pU Flanks. JDufibar. 

FLAYIS. Leg. tlayiu Barhow* 

hurdle. Waliace. 

2. In pi. temporary folds or pens, S. 
H. Bruce, 
Fris. viaeck, Su.G. /oAe, crates; 
Jlaet-Of Teut. vlecht-ent ncctere. 
FLAIN, FLANE, s. An anew. Douglas. 

A.S, JIane, id. 
FLAIR, f. The skate, a flih. Sibbald. 
To FLAIRY, V. a. To cigole. Y. Flaex. 
FLAYT,pr«l. Scolded. V. Fltte, v. 
To FLAM, V. n. To fly out and in, &B. 

V. Flkm. 
To FLAB^E, FLAMM, v. o. To baste 
meat while roasting, S. Dunbar. 

¥T.Jhmb-^$ id. 
FLAN, FLANN, m. A gust of wind, a 
IsL JIan-o, praeceps ferri. Brand* 
FLANE, s. An arrow. V. Flaik. 
Tp FLANT|:R, 1. To waver, to be in 
some degree delirious, Ang. 
9, To faulter in evidence or narration, 

Isl. ^an«, erroneiis, praeceps latuus. 
To FLARE, tf.ff. Tocajole» Loth.;/fiiify, 

Fife. Isl. Jtaar, cnSty^ftaerd, guile. 
Fla&x, «. Flattering language, Loth. 
FLASH, i. A depository for timber, Loth. 
To FLA ST, V. n. To gasconade, & 

lA.Jlas-at praeceps fetor. 
To FLAT, V. a. To flatter, Doifgto. 

Fr.Jlat-er, id. 
FLAT, «. A field. Douglas. 

FLAT, «. Floor of a house. V. Flet. 
2V> FLATCH, t;. a. To fold down, Loth. 
FLATE, $. A hurdle. V. Fladc. 
P1«t> Barbour. 



CHIN, s. A flake, S. 
Su.G. sno^^e, a flake of snow. 
ful, &B. JRofS. 
FLAUCHT of land, A craft, Ang. 
FLAUCHTBRED, adv. 1. At loll 

length, 8. q. spread out in breadth. Rots. 
8u.G, Jlaeekt, spread. 
. 2. With great eagerness, S. Boss* 

To FLAUCHTER, v. a. To pare turf 

from the ground, &B. V. Flag, t. 1. 

GL Shirr* 

FLAucBTsa-rAit, «. A long turf cut with a 

flauchter-spade, & d. Sibb. 

FLAUcuTuusrADE, s. A long two-handed 

instrument for casting turft, S. 

Statitt. Ace. 
YhKVf, f. 1. A blast of wind. Dot^of. 

8. A storm of snow, Ang. Statist. Ace 

3. A sudden flash of fire. Wyntown* 

4. Rage, passion, Aug. V. Flag. 

To FLAW, V. n. To fib. Bamsay. 

FLAW, pret. Flew. A.S.Jleah. Doug. 
FLAW. Fiery Flaw, The sting ray. 

FLAW, s. 1. An extent of land under 
grass, Orkn. 

5. A broad ridge, ibid. 
Isl.^o, planus, latus. 

FLAW PEAT. A soft and spongy peat^ 

pron^ Jlouh-peat, S. V, Flow. Walker. 
FLAWKERTIS, Armour for the 

legs. Douglas, 

FL A WM AND, parr ;>r. Displayed. V. 

Flax, o. Barbour. 

FLEASOCKS, s. pL The shavings of 

FLECH, (gutt) t. A flea, S. B. A. S.Jleah. 
FLEDGE AR,«. One who makes arrows. 
Acts Ja. II. 
Germ, Jliischt Fr.^eche, an arrow. 
FLEED, I. A head ridge, Aberd. 
FLEE, <. A fly, S. Belg. vliege. Z.Boyd. 

whim, S. 

2. In pi, toys, gewgaws, S. Bamai^. 
To FLEG, v.a. To affright, & Banisay. 
To Flxo, v. n. To take fright, S.3. 


Flio, t. A fright, S. Ramiaif. 

To FLEG, ». n. To fly from place to 

place, Dumfr. A.S.^eo;-an, Tolare. 
FLEG, *, A stroke. Hamilton, 

FLEGGAR, s. One who magnifies in 

narration, Loth. 

Su.G.^icit^ to patch; thifiiekaret 

a cobler. 
To FLEY, FLEE, v. a. 1. To frighten, 

& JDougUu. 

2. To put to flight, S. 

To Flxt, Fly, v, n. To take fright, &B. 


FLEY. Leg. Stey, sly. Barbour. 


wheedle, S. Barbour, 

TeuU^et$-en, adnlari, Uandiri. 

Fluch, Flkich, j. A piece of flattery. 

Flucbino, Flkcbtno, «. Flattery, S. 

Fluchkb, Flichour, Flutschodb, f. A 
flatteier. TeuLJletser. WytUown. 

FLEIG, «. Flight Betlenden, 

FLEYITNES, s. AffHght QmplayntS. 
FLEYNE. Vntojleyne, On flight 


To FLEIP, V. a, V. Fltr. 

To FLEYR, t;.n. To make wry faces ; al- 

90, to whimper, Ang. Many. 

To FLEIT, P. a. To flee ftom. Douglas. 

Belg. vlied-en, id. 
To FLEIT, FLETE, v. n. 1. To flow. 
Sti.G./^wi, Teut vliU'Cn^ fluere. 
9. To float Evergreen, 

3. To sail. i9ar6oiir. 

4. To abound. Lyndtay. 
FLEYSUM, a4;. Frightful, S. V.Fbsr. 
7o FLEKKEB, FLYKER, v. n. 1. To 

flutter, S. WaOace, 

2. To quiver, to tremble. Douglas, 

Stt.G./fecira, motitariy A,S.Jliccer' 
tan, id. 
FLECKERIT, adj. Spotted. 

Gowan and GW. 

To FLEM, FLEME, v. a. To banish, to 

eipel. Wallace. 

A.&^^«m-a]i,fugare; l§i, Jlaeme, 


eiulare facio, whence^o^mM^r, an ex- 
ile, an outlaw. 
FucxsMs-fUTH, s. An asylum for outlaws. 
Zay Last Minstrel, 
FLENCH-GUT, s. Blubber of a whale 
laid out in long slices, S. 
Su. G. ftanka, to slice. 
To FLEND, V. n. To flee. Lyndsay. 

DERS, s. pi. Splinters. Douglas. 

Belg. fenters, splinters, fragments. 
FLEWER, FLEOWRE, *. Flavour. 
Vv.Jlair^ odor. Wyniown, 

FLESCHE, s. Fleece. Dunbar. 

A.S.Jleos,Jlys, id. 
FLET, pret. v. V. Flyt, to scold. 
FLET. iM^'. Prosaic. ComplayntS, 

FLET, FLETT, «. 1. A house. JBoss. 
9. The inward part of a house. LL.S. 
3. A floor or story of a house ; common- 
ly /erf, S. Courant, 
FLET, s. A matt of plated straw, for pre- 
senring a hone*s back from being inju- 
red by his load, Caithn. Statist. Ace. 
FLET, s. A saucer, S. IsL/eda, id. 
FLET, pret. Floated. V. Fun. 
FLETE, s. Product Dougfas. 

Belg. vUet-en, abundare. 
To FLETHER, v. a. To decoy by fair 
words. V. Flvddce. Bums. 

FLEUME, FEUME, s. Phlegm. 

CompU^t S. 
To FLEURIS, V. n. To flourish. 

Flxukisb, Flubusx, s. Blossom, S. 

Complaynt SU 
FLEWET, FLUET, s. A smart blow. 

FLYAME, s. Phlegm. PolwarU 

FLICHEN, s. Any thing very small, 

To FLIGHT, o. n. To fluctuate. 

A.S,Jlogiett-an, id. Dunbar. 

To FLIGHT, V. n. Same with Flyte. 

1. To flutter, & B^reU 



2. To qahrer, to throb. l^glat. 

3. To btartle, S.B. V. FL»nM. 

To pinion, S. Wodrow. 

Teut. vUcht-ent nectere. 
To FLICKER, v. a. To coaz» S. 

Su.G.//ffcAra, adolari. 
To FLICKER, o. n. To flirt. 

Poput, Sail, 
To FLYDE, V. n. To fly. Maitlafid P. 

Tout vtied-en. id. 
FLIEP, «. A silly inacUve fellow, Aberd. 

V. Flup. 
FLYND, s. Flint Gawan and Gol. 

To FLINDER, v. n. To run about in a 
fluttering manner, Ang. 
Isl.y/anHZ, praeceps feror* 
FLINDERS. V. Flendris. 
FLINDRIKIN, f. V. Funmk, v. 

WaUofCt CoU. 

FtiKDRisiN, aelj. Flirting, Fife. 

7oFLING,t;.a.l. To baffle, to deceive, S. 

2. To jilt & Moriton. 

Tuva, «. 1. A disappointment io gene- 

nl, S. 

S. A disappointment in love, in conse- 
quence of being jilted, S. A. Douglas. 
5. A fit of ill bumour To tak ihejling, 
to become unmanageable 

Bannatifne Poemt. 
FuvGiM-TREB, «. 1. A piecc of limber us- 
ed as a partition between horses, S. 
2. The lower part of a flail, S. Bums. 
To FLING, V. n. 1. To dance. Knox. 
FuNo, «. The act of dancing, S. NeiU. 

Hence the Highland fling 
To FLIPE, FLYPE, v. a. To pull off 
'any thing, by turning it inside out S. 
Isl. fltpa, the pendulous lip of a 
Flipk, s. a to\^ a lap, a Cldand* 

FLIRDON, t. Monigomerie. 

To FLYRD, V. n. To flirt Dunbar. 

A. S. fleard^an, nugari. 
T6 FLYRE, V. n. 1. To gibe, & R 

ttiL.flyr^a, subridere, K fleer, 
9. To leer, S. B. Popular PalL 

e. To look surly, Ang. Moriton, 


FLYRIT, Not unden»tood. Uamand P. 
FLYROCK, s. A term of contempt. 

To FLISK, V. n. I. To skip, to caper, S. 

Su. G.flas-a, lasdvire, laL Id. prae- 
2. To beflitkU, to be fretted, Hfe. 

To FLIST. V. n. 1. To fly off, S. 

2. To be in a violent emotidh, & B. 


3. It'sflittin, it rains and blows at oncc^ 

Teut flits-tnt evolare, Sw. f%ae$-a^ 

Fust, «. 1. A squall, Ang. 

2. A flying shower of snow, Ang. 

S. A fit of anger, Ang. 
Fusty, adj. 1. Stormy, squally, Ang. 

2. Passionate, irascible, Ang. 
To FLIT, FLYT, v. <t. 1. To ttmnspoit 

in whatever way, & Bumu 

2. To transport by water. Barhvur. 
Su. Q.flytl-^k, transportare ab uno 

loco ad alterum. lA.flyu-ia, vecta 
To Flit, Fltt, v. n. To remove from one 

house to another, S. Kdly. 

XHn^flyU-^t id. 
FuTTiKG, «. 1 • The act of removing from 

one place of residence to another, S. 

2. The furniture, &c. removed, & 


3. A moonlight flitting, removal without 
paying one's debts, S. Ramsay. 

To FLYTE, FLITE, r. n. 1. To scold, 
S. preUflet, wdentlyflayt. Douglas. 

Flttiho FaiB with one, under no such 
restraint as to prevent severe reprehen- 
sion, SL 

A. S.flit'aHt titan, to brawle, Som- 

2. To pray in the language of complaint 
or remonstrance. Wallace* 

Fltte, Fltt, s. A severe reprehension, 
continued for some time, S. RUson* 

FLTTxa, J. One given to scolding, S. 


TvnixQ, f. 1. The act of seoldiog^ & 



9. Poetrj of that iLiod which the French 
call teruon. Evergreen. 

FLTTirocK, <. The doable-chin, S.Bn de- 
nominated from its being inflated when 
one is in a rage. 

FiTTiwrra, FtvcHT-VTre, «. A fine for 
▼eibal abuse or broils. Skene, 

h.S.Jlit'Witej id. from Jlit, strife, and 
wite, a fine. 

7b FLO AN, FLO AN on. v. a. To shew 

attachment or court regard, in an indis* 

creet way ; a term applied to females, 

&B. Host. 

lsi.Jlon, tU>\idn%flanaf praeceps feror. 

FLOBB AGE, s. Phlegm. Lyndaay . 

Sw.^flabb, bucca, Dtttuftab, the mouth. 

FLOCHT, FLOUGHT, s. I. Onjlocht, 
on wing. Douglat, 

2. Sute of being fluttered, S.B. ajlocht, 
id. JBurel, 

9. FIttctuation. Dunbar. 

Alem./u^A^ flight ; A,S,JlogeH-ant 

Flochtrt, FLovGBTaous, at^ Fluttered, 
in a flurry, S.B. Sou, 

To FLODDER, PLOTTER, v. a. 1. To 

orerflow. D&ugfas, 

2. To blur, by weeping, synon. UtUher, 


FLOTT, #. A flatterer or deceiver. 

TeaUjluyie, mendadum blandum; 
ftuyt-ent mentiri, bkndfe dicere. 

FLOOK, FLEUK, s, 1. A generic name 
for Tarious kinds of flat fish, S. Sibbold. 
2. Most generally used to denote the 
common flounder, SL A.S. ftoCf passer. 

FLOOK-Mow'n, a^j. Haying a crooked 
mouth, SiB. 

FLOORED, ac^, Baibed. ' Z. BoytL 

FLORENTINE, s. Any thing baked in 
a dish, a 

FLORIE, 04^. Vain, Tolatile, a 

Tcnt/7orf , homo futilis. Sir J. Sinclair. 

FLOSS, t* The leaves of red Canary grasi^ 

PLOT, s. The scum of broth when boil, 
ing, a 

8u.G./Zo«, adeps, qui juri supematat. 

Floiwwbkt, s. Those curds» left in whey, 


which, when boiled,//oat on the top; 

Clydes. Fleetingi, Ang. CompiayntS. 
FLO TE, a. A fleet A.S,/lota. Barbour. 
FLOTHIS, I. pi. Floods. iraUace. 

. Alem.//d«t, a stream. 
To PLOTTER. V. Floddb». 
FLOTTRYT.pnrf. Splashed. fFaUace. 

Belg. JJodder-eth to flap. 
FLOUGHT, ». Flutter. V. Flocht, 
FLOUR, s. The meal of wheat, a 
FLoua.BaKAn,5. Wheatenbread, a St.Aec. 
FLOURE JONETT. ,. Perhaps flowers 

in JuJy, in O. Fr. called Jiinrt. JT. Quair. 
FLOURIS, s. pL Prime of life. Lyndtay. 
FLOURISH, J. Blonom, a 
FLOUSa f . A flood. GernL/ftofc^of^attr. 
FLOW, «. A particle, aS. 
A. a//oA, a fragment. 

A watery moss, a morass, a PitscoUie. 
JUJtoe, loca palustria, A/loe, fluo. 

2. A low-Iying piece of rough watery 

land, not bn^en up. Loth. 
FLOW AND, ad;. Inconstant Beilenden. 

Ulflog, vagus. 
FLUD, FLUDE, s. 1. Inundation, a 


2. Flux of tide, a /«|. 

Fluoii ARKy fm Water.maik, a 

2b FLUDDER, FLUTHER, ». n. To 

cajole. Ulfladraf adulari. & P. Rejjr. 

FLVPF^D, part, pa. Disappointed. 

&, Shirr. 

PLUM, t. Flattery. Sir J. Sinclair. 

PLUM,t. Flow, meUph. used like//tiin«n 

ingenil, Cic O.Pr. id. Douglas, 

PLUNKIE, *. A livery servant, a Burnt. 

A. a vlonce, pride. 
FLUP, 9. One both awkward in appear, 
ance, and fbolisb, Ang. Clydes. Iliept 
Aberd. Floip, Perths. 

Isl, fteip, ineptiae; Su.G. fleper^ 

homo ignavns. 

FLURDOM, FLYRDOM, t. Kennedy. 

FLURISFEVER, ,. The scarlet fever, 

S.B. denominated from the ruddinesa 

of the skin. 

FLURISH, FLOURISH, f.Blosiom, a 

FLUSCH, «. 1. A run of water. Doug. 


2. Snow in a state of duwdution, S. 
5. Abundance, generally applied to li- 
quids, S. 

Germ.//iuf, aqua Tel humor ilueiis; 
To FLUSTER, o. «. To be in a bustle, S. 
Ul/laust-Tt piaecipitantia,^tejlr-ay 
incaute festinaze. 
Fi.asTs», «. Bustle, confiision proceeding 

from hunry, S. 
FLUTCH, t. An inactiTepenon, Loth. 

Teut flauwf languidns. 
Flutcht, adj, Inactiye, Loth. 
To FLUTHER, v. n. To be in a great 
bustle, S. Su.G.fladdr~a, id. 1^ flutter. 
Fluthbr, t. Hurry, bustle, S. A» Douglas. 
FLUTHER, «. Rise in a river, not so 

great as a spate, S.B. V. Floddce. 
FOAL, s, A bannock or cake, any soft and 
thick bread, Qrkn. 
B^. M a small loaf. 
FOCHE, s. A presence. JXallog. 

Su. G. puts, a fetch, tecfana. 
FODE, FOODE, FWDE, «. Brood. 

Su. G. affoedof id. fnmfoed-a, gig- 
FODGEL, a4j. Squat and plump, S.O. 

Teut voedsilt Isl./oadtfa, dbus. 
FOG, FOUGE, s. Moss. S. DwUw. 

Dan.yWg, mossioess. 
To Fog, v. n. To be corered with mossy S. 
FoGorr, ai(/. Supplied with moss; metaph. 
supplied in any respect; wed^figgit^ 
well-furnished, & Shirr^. 

VwiQtM, ae(j. U Mossy, Sb A, Dottglas. 
2. Dull, lumpish. 2. Boyd, 

To Foo, o. a. To eat heartily, &B. 
FOGGIE, f. An iuTalid, or garrison sol- 
dier, S. 

Su. G. fogde, formerly, one who had 
the chaige of a garrison. 
FOY, <• 1 . An entertainment giren to one 
about to leave any place of residence, or 
go abroad, S. Morison, 

2, Metaphn as equivalent to wishing one 
a good journey. 

Belg. defooi geeven, Sw. dricka/oi, 
coenam profectitlam dare. 


.FOTNYIE, FUNYIE, «. The wood. 

martin, or beech-martin, S. IT, Quotr. 

"Ft.fouine, id. 

FOIR GRANDSYR, GieaVgrandfatber. 


FOISON, FUSIOUN,t. 1. Abundances 

J?r. fnson, id. Barbour. 

S. Pith, ability, & Boss. 

FoisoMLxss, o^. Without sttength, & 

FOLD, s. Ground. fFaUace. 

A.8.Jbld£, id. 
FOLY, at{j. Belonging to fools. Doug. 

Su.G./oaif, foolish. 

FouFUi, a^» Foolish. Campla^ & 

FON, FONE, s.pL Foea. JT. Quatr. 

2b FON, p. n. To phqr the fool. Lyndsay. 

O.E./ofifi«,id.; IsL yaaii.«, fatue ae 

To FoNi, V.O. To fondle. PeUis Play. 
fb FONDE, FOUND, o. a. 1. Togo. 

S. To found off, to go from. WaUace. 
A. & fknd4an, tendcre. 
FONERIT. L. sCTcmr. Dunbar. 

FONNED, a4j. Prepeied ; OUfimned, ill- 

prepared, Ang. 

A.S.J^nd'iaih disponere. 
FOOLYIE, «. Gold leaf, S. Belg./af& 
FOOR-DAYS. V. Fdksaats. 
To FOOT, «. a. To strike with theybor, 

FOR, an inseparable particle, which im- 

plies negation, excess, intension, or viti. 

FOR, eof^'. Because. Wyntown. 

FOR, prep. Denoting quality. 

Su.G./oer, id. 
FOR, prep. Against. A.S. id. Barbour. 
FORAT, adv. Forward, a J. NieoL 
FORAIVERT, parUpa. Much fotigucd» 

FORBEFT, |Mr<. jMu In great pertuiha^ 

A.S. Jbr, and beof-ian. treptdare. 
FORBEIT, pret. Uforleit. Duubar. 
FORBY, prep. 1. Past. Barbour. 

2. Over and above. BeUetuUn. 

Su. G- foerbi, Dan./or6itf, 1^, past 
FoasT,Fouizs»atf9. l.Ptat. Mmit.Bord* 


9. Bciidcs, & Jhirel. 

FORBLED, pan. pa. Faint, from loss of 
blood. Douglas, 

FORfiODIN, / 1. Forbidden. 

M, Bruce, 
S. UnUwftiL J}ougfa*» 

A,S,forbiod'a3h to foibid. 
3. Unhappy, S. Ruddiman, 

FORBREIST, «. 1. Forepart of a gar- 
ment. J)ougta9» 
9. Van of an army. Wattaee* 
A,S»fare-breo»tt thorax. 
FORCEAT, s, A galley-slave HwUon, 

'Ft. format, id. 
FORCY. V. FoatTK. 
FORCHASITy/wn.iM. Overdiased. 


FOR-CRYlT»jNii^.jpa. Worn out with 

crying. Belg. verhyt-en, id. Dunbar, 

FORD, s. I. Way. WaUace. 

Su. G. /off, Tia communis. 

9. Metaph. means to attain an end. 

FORDEIFIT, Deafened. 

FORDEL, «. 1. The precedence. Doug, 
Teut. veur-deel^ primae partes. 
2. Progreis, S.B. 

Teut. veuT'deelf promotia 
FoaniL, ai^;. Prepared, Ang. 
FoEDALs, spL Stock not exhausted, Buch* 

FORDELTD, porf.po. Wasted. 

A. S,fordilg''ian, delere^ obruere. 
To FORDER, v. a. To fwward, & 

Su.G.Jbrdr'at id. 
FoEDKEfiUM, ocQf. Expeditiottib &B. 

VORDYD,pret. Destroyed. JBarbow. 

A.S.ybrdo-n, to waste. 

To FORDYN, e. a. To rewnind. i>0t^. 

J^or Intens. and A. S. dyn^an, strepere. 

To FoEBYN, 0.11. To orerpower with noise. 


FOKDOVERIT,, Stupified. 

Teut verdoor-en, infatnare. Doug. 
To FORDRIUE»o.a.Todri?eoutofthe 
right course. DougUu. 

/L S./ordn/~an, abripere. 


FORDRUNKIN, paH. pa. Very drunk. 
A.S. for^renc^an, inebriare. Doug. 
FORDULLIT, part. pa. Greatly confu- 
sed. Pal, Hon, 
FORTHWART, «. A paction. 

A,S.for'Uford, pactum. Wallace, 
FORDWARTE, adv. Forward. Doug, 
FORDWEBhlT, part. a4f. Greatly en- 
feebled, &B. V. DwAELX. Pop,BaIL 
FORE, prep. Signifying priority. 
To the fore, 1. Still remaining or surri- 
ring. Si Wodrow, 

9. Saved as a stock, & Baillie. 

5. Haring the start of, S. BaiUie, 

FORE, t. Help, furtherance, S. 
prep. Directly opposite to^ S. Bdlenden. 
FOR£B£ARIS» t.pL Ancestors, & 

A. 8.foref and bear-an, to bring forth. 
FORECAST£N,/Nir/./Mi. Neglected. 
Sa.Q.fierkatt'a, al^ieen. 
Opposite to. . Douglas, 

FOREHANDIT, aty. Rash, S.B. 
FORELDERIS, s.pL Ancestors. 

Sa.G.Joeraeldrar, id. Wynloum. 
FORENAIL*D, part, pa. Applied to 
money which is spent before it be gain- 
ed. Teut vemiel.€n, consumere. 
FORENICHT, s- The interval between 
twilight and bed-tune, S. 

Teut oeur-micA/, prima pars noctis. 
FORESKIP, $. Precedence of another 

In a journey, Sb B. 
FORESPEAKER, e. An advocate. 

A.S firespeca, prolocutor. R^. Maj, 
FORESTAM, «. 1. Prow of a ship. 

9. The fordiead, S.B. Ruddiman, 

Su.G. ttamm, pars navis prima. • 
FORETERES^ t. Fortress. Douglas. 
To FORFAIR, v. a. To waste. 

Reg. Maj. 
To FdETAiE, FoEVAB, ff. n. To perish. 

A,S, JbrfoT'cn, perdcrs, perire. 


WonrjLiRV, pari. pa. 1. Forioni, S» JRotf. 

2. Old-fiuhioned, S.B. Ross. 
S. Woni out, jaded, S. Sums, 


attaint Bdlenden, 

FoRFALT, 1. Forfeiture. BeOenderu 

FoKTAULTMS, $. Foffeiturei BaiiUe. 

FORFANT, 04;. Overcome with ftinl^ 

ness> SuPti* 

FORFLITT£N,parf./Ni. Sermly wold- 

ed. d. Sihb. 


part, pa, 1. Exhausted with fighting. 
Belg. vervecht-m, id. Wallace. 

3. Greatly fatigued. Sir Egeir. 

v. n. 1. To conTene. Doiuglas. 

S. To meet in a hostile manner. 

S. To meet accidentaUy, S. Aamsay. 
4.. To be united in maniage^ S.B. 

Teut. ver-gaeder'en, congregare, con- 
FORGANE. V. Fomgaxxst. 
FORGEIT, pret. Let ily. Ckr. JPirk. 

A.S,forga'f^i dimittere. 
FORGETTIL, a^j. Foigetfbl, S.B. 

A.S.firgytd, id. 
To FORHOW, V. a. To forsake, &B. 

A.S.firhog-ian, aperaere. Douglas, 
FoKHowARE, s. A dcierter. Dougfas, 
FORJ£SK£T,|>af^. pa. Jaded, & 

Dan./or uadjask-er, to rumple. 
FORINGIT,p<ir^pa. Banished. 

Fr.firain, king's Quttir. 

FORJIDGED, part. pa. Same with/or- 
jeskit, S.R O.Fr. /btjug^^t to con- 
demn wrongfully. 
FORK. To sdek a fork in the waw, to 
throw the pains of a woman in labour 
on her husband, S. 
FORKY, a4f. Strong. Dunbar. 

FOR-KNOKIT, part. pa. Worn out 

with knocking. 
To FORLAY, t;. n. To lie in ambush. 
Tent, tierlaegh-m, insidiari. Gi. Sibb. 
To FORLANE, v. a. To give. Gl^Sibb. 
Su. G.foerlaen^Of donare. 


FORL AINE, part. pa. Left almie. 

A.S.forlaeg-ant negligi. Hewysone^ 
FORLANE, part. pa. Lain with carnal- 
ly. Dou^Uum 
A.S.forleg'-an, fomicata est 
FORLANE, at^. Importunate. DimAar. 

Su. G.JheHa^gen* solicitus. 
forsake. Chr. JHrk. 

A.S forlaet-an, ^.G.foerlaet^, id. 
J\> PORLEITH, 0.0. To loath, S.A. 

Teut ver^eed-en, fastidire. &. Sibb. 
FoKLnmcf. A surfeit, S.B. Joum. Land. 
To FORLY, V. a. To lie with carnally. 

A.S.forlig'ant IbmicarL Barbour. 
FOR-LYiN, part. pa. Fatigued with ly. 
ing too long in bed. King^s Q^airm 

Teut verleghen, fessus. 
FORLYNE, part. pa. V. Four. 
To FORLOIR, V. n. To become uaeleii^ 
from languor. Duf^ar. 

Fo&LOKK, part. pa. Forlorn. 

A.^JMeor-an, perdere. 
FORLOPPIN, part. pa. FogiUm 

Teut verloop'-en, to run away. Doug, 
FORMEKIL, at0. Very great Douglas. 
FORMOIS, atO. BStutifiiL Lyndsay. 

FORNE. Tofime, adv. Formerly. 

A,S,fime, priua. Douglas. 

FORNENT,im9>. Gonoening. JFatson. 


fore, as to time. Barbour. 


adv. U Before, as to time. Dunbar. 

S. Before^ as to place. Barbout, 

Germ, tforig, prior, Sw. foerut, before. 

FoaowsuM, Fonseen. Barbour. 


Without Barbour. 

2, Besides. Wj^toum. 

Sw.Jberutan, absque ; praeter. 

FORPET, s. VhBfoufik part of a pedc, 

S. Ritson. 

FOR-PLEYNIT, part. pa. Worn out 

with oomplaining. I^i*ig*s Quair. 

To FORRAY, v. a. To piUage. Barbour. 

Vr.fourrag-er^ to ravage. 
FoKftAT, s. 1 . The act of foraging. Barbour, 
S. A predatoiy exconion. WaUace. 


3. The party «mployed in ^carrying oflT 
thepivy. Wallace. 

4. The prej itwlf. Wynt9wtu 

5. Advanced guard of an army. 

FoaaaouEis, t. pf. A foraging party. 

O.Fr.firrier. Wallace. 

FORRET, s. 1. Fordwad. Dou^lat. 

S. MciaplL, the brow of a hill. J}ougUu, 

FORR£T, adv. Forward, S. Most. 

Sb FORREW, o. n. To rapant euead* 

ingly. Forrwydt prat. Wyniown, 

FORRTDAR, s. One who rides before 

an armed party. Sw.foerridare. 



baufted with running. Wallace. 

FORS» FORSS» r. A current Waflace, 

Su,G. fortf cataracta flominia. 
2\» FORS, u 11. To care. JDtmter. 

Ft, faire force, id. 
FORS, FORCE, s. Necevity. Of firs, 
on force, of necetsity. Douglat. 

FORSAMEKILL, cot^. For as much. 

FORSCOMFIST, part. pa. 1. Overcome 
' with heat, S. V. Scowur. 

S. Nearly su£fbcated by a bad smell, S. 
To FORSET, v.a. I. Tooreipowerwith 
work, & 
S. To surfeit, SL 

TeuL Mr-^fael-€N, dbsatnxare, 
FoEsn, s. 1. The act of oretpowe ri nfr S. 

S. A surfeit, 8. 
FORSEL, t. A matt lor defending a 
horse's back, Oiiui. 

Su.G./o^, before, and IsL Jt2f, the 
handle of the dorsets. 
FORSY, FORCY, FORSS^ o^;. Power- 
fiiL Superl./orse<uf. Wallace. 

FORSLITTIN, part. pa. L.JbrflUtin, 
scolded to eaoeah Fkilotut. 

To F0R8PEAK, v. a. 1. To injure, ac- 
cording to vulgar superstition, by immo* 
derate pnuse, S. O.E. GL Sibb. 

2. To consecrate by cbarmi. Hence^ 
Fore-ipoken water, Orkn. 

Belg. voonpook, an omen. Brand* 
FoaisrxAXixiv, z. Such commendation aa 


ia fluppoaad thus to iiyure Ae person ar 
thing spoken of, S. Statist. Ace. 

To FORSTA*, V. a. To understand, S. 

Su.G./ofnto-n, id. Rots. 

FORSTARIS^ s. A female inhabitant of 
a forest. Douglas. 

To F0R8URNE, v. a. To spend. 

Teut. versorg'Cn, curare. X. Hart. 
FORSWIFTIT,/Nif«.po. Strayed. 

Sw. foer, intensiTe, and twdef-a, to 
FORTAIVERT, part. pa. Much fati. 

gued, S. 
FORTHENS. adv. At a distance. Doug. 
atff. 1. Rash; S.B. Ross. 

3. Forward in manner, S.B. Bou. 

5. Of an active disposition, &B. 
FORTHGENG, s. The entertainment 
given when a bride leaves her father's 
house, Ang. A.S.JoHhgang, ciitus. 
FOR-THI, FORTHY, ca^j. Therefore. 
A.S. id. Wyntovm. 

Nochtfor thi, nevertheless. Barbour. 
FORTHY, a^j. Forward. Pitscottie. 
To FORTHINK, v. a. To repent of. 

A.S. /orfAmc-Mi, perperam oogitare 
FoRRBnrKnro, s. Repentaaoe. Z. Boyd. 
FORTHYR, f. Furtherance. Wallace. 
FORTY, atfj. Btwe. Ft. fort. Douglas. 
FORTHWART, s. Fkeeaution. Wattace. 

A. o. forward, id.' 
li YT, pairt. pa. Greatly fatigued, S. 



v.n. To go astray. Dougfatm 

For negat. and way. 

FoawAT, s. An error. Doug^au 

FORWAKIT, part. pa. Worn out vrith 

watdiing, S. Belg. vervaaii. Wyntown. 

FOKWAljLOVlT, Greatly Ai- 

ded by reason of sickness^ fiitigue, &c, 

& King^sQuair. 

FORWARD, i.Pactioa V. FoanwAan. 

mT Tnttrem. 


FORWEPIT, part, peu Worn out with 

weeping. Xmg** Quair, 

FORWONDRTT, pari. pa. Greatly 

surpmecU MofbouTm 

VOKWOKTKlVi, pari. pa. Execrable. 

A.S.for-weoink-anf perire. Dunbar, 

FORWROCHT, part. pa. OYtrtoiled. 

Belg. verwerki, id. Dottglas. 

FORYAWD, part. adj. Worn out with 
fatigue, Lolh., perhaps forj^ryedet q. 
7\f FORYEILD, o. a. To reeompeiiM. 
A.&. /or-'geUd'aMt oompenaare. 
FOR YEING, pari. pr. Foregoing. 

A. S.firga'n, praeire. JDuniar. 

forget, S. B. fFynioum. 

FORYOUDENT, ai^. (Hen»me with 
wearineasy Aog., peihaps q. o?er- yield- 
FOS» FOSS»f. Pit for drowning. V. Pit. 
FOSSA, f. Grass growing among stubble, 

Ang. IfB. fotiae. 
FOSTEL, s. A cask. Ming Hart. 

Vt.fustaiUe^ id. 
FOSTER, s. Progeny, Sw. id. Gl Sibb, 

1 . To change situation. R. Bruce. 

2. To shift horses in a plough. 

3. To exchange in any way, S. B. 

To ForcH, o. n. To flinch. Evergreen. 
\A.feHat retronun flectere. 

FOTHYR, 9. A cart-load. V. Funnnu 

FOU, t. A pitch-fork. Buchan. 

FOUD, t. The president of the Supreme 
Cburt formerly held in the Orkney Is- 
lands. Barry. 
Su.G.Jifgde,fougte, pnefectufc 

FOUL. <u(f. Wet, rainy, & Bo$t. 

To FOUND, o. n. To go. V. Fokdx. 

To FOUNDER, v. a. To feU, 8. 

FOUNE, a4i. Belonging to fawns. Doug, 

FOURHOURS, s. The time of drinking 
tea ; four being the ancient hour for 
the afternoon beverage, S. Wation. 

FOURNEUKIT, o^'. QuadranguUr, S. 

FOURSOM, used as « t^ four in com- 
pany, Lanerki. Xing Hart. 


FOnSEE, FOUST, t. A ditdi. Dou^u 

To FOUTCH. 1^. a. To exchange. V^ 


FooTCH, J. An exchange, S.B. 
FOUTH, FOWTH, «. Abundance, S. 

Q.yWrA, or Tent. vuUe, id. Dou^, 
FooTB, adij. Abundant Kdhf* 

FOUTY, FUTIE, a^. Mean, base, S. 

Tr.foutu, a scoundrel. Hamiiion* 


ci p r e asi r e of the greatest contempt, S. 

Vr.foutre, to lecher. Lyndsay, 

FOW, FU', a4j. 1. Full, 8. Diallog. 

S. Saturated with food, a reOy. 

3. Drunk, S. Su.G./iiiZ; id. Bott, 

FOW, f. A club; Fr./tl]/. Prustt PebUM. 

Half-tow, adj. Fuddled, S. Sw. half-JuB, 

FOWEawd GR1IS» different kinds of 

fur. Sir Trisirem* 

FOWMARTE, $. A polecat, S. 

AdiJa. I. 

O. Fr.yW, fetid, and awrtfer, a martiD. 

FOWSUM, FOUSUM, a^j. 1. Lnscioua» 

S. ^^^ItMII* 

8. Obscene, gran. Ckron. & P, 

5. Nauseous, K. fulsome. Bats, 

A.S. ful, impurus, oUcoenus, and 
FowsLMLix, adp. Loathsomely laigs. 

FOWSUM, atg. Somewhat too iaigs^ 

S.B. from/oi0, full. 
To FOX, V. n. To dissemble. BaiUie. 

l9\. fox-Ot fiillere. 
To FOZE, V. n. To become mouldy, 

Perths. E.yfa«l. 
FOZY, a^;. I. Spungy, porous, & 
2. Applied to one who is purfUd, Of 
Mourn upt Sb B. 
8. Deficient in understanding, &B. 

A.S. wosigt humidu% Teut tiooi^ 
FRA, FRAY, FRAE, jm^. Fh>ro, & 


S. From the time that Barbour, 

A.S. Isl.yro, ab, ex. 

Fka, cof\j. Since, seeing, S. Barbour. 

FRA AT, cot|;. Neferthelesi^ corr.<ofyor 

«* that, & B$u, 


FRACK, FRAK» FRECK, 1. Rwidy, 

active. DiaUog. 

FkAKLTf adv. Hastily. Douglas. 

2. Vigorous, though adYancad in life, 

S. Open, ingenuous* Pitscottie. 

To MAiK F&ACK, to make ready. Xnox. 

Su. 0. fraeck, Ul /rek-r, 8trenuu% 


T» Feac, V. n. To move swiftly. Doug. 

FRACTIOUS, a4;. Peerisb, fretful, S. 

FRAGAL£NT,a4;. Advantageous, Aug. 
To FRAY, v.n. To be afraid. SaUlie. 
FaAY, t. Fear. Fr. effrtnf. JSaillie. 

FRAYDANT, at(j. Ill-humoured. 

Maiiland P. 
A.^ freoth-an, to fre^ to chafe. 
FRAYING, s. Friction. Barbour. 

Fr.fraifert tomb. 
FRAYIT.; Afraid. V. FaAT. 
To FRAIK, V. n. To flatter, Aug. 

A. Dougloi. 
FaAur, Feakiv, t, 1. Flatteiy, S. 
2. Fond discourse, having the appear- 
ance of flattery, Fife. A. Douglas. 
FRAIL, s. E^^lflaiL J. NicoL 
To FRAIS^ V. n. To crash. Dougfas. 

So. G.fraep-a, stridere. 
FRAISE, s, A cajoling discourse, S. 
FRAISE, s. The pluck of a calf, S. 

TeuUfrase, Tr, /raise, id. 
FRESTIN, V. a. To try, xo prove. 

Gawan and Gel, 
Sa.G.frest-a, lA.J¥eist'<h id. 
To FRAME, o. n. To succeed. Wodrow. 

A.S.frem-ianf prodesse. 
FRAMCHIS, s. Sanctuary. Douglas. 

To FRANE, FRAYN,v.a. To inquire. 
A^S./htegn'tan, JMhJhegn^, inter- 
FaAMx, *. Inquiiy. CHron. S. P. 

To FRATE, o.n. To chafe by friction. 

Su. G. fraieUa, to gnaw. Douglas. 


freight, & Acts Ja. IF. 

TeutVTBcAl'fff, vcctue, Sta.Jivcht'en. 


FKAncHT, Frawcut, s. 1. Freight of a 

▼essel, S. Wyntown. 

2. The fare, S. Teut vracht. Kelly. 

FkADCBTisMAK, s, Ouc who has the charge 

of loading a vessel. Acts Ja. III. 


From. Douglcu. 

A.S> Jhtt and weard, denoting pUce. 

FRAWFULL, a^j. Perhaps, malapert. 

A.S. fra^el, praecox. lAfUfor. 

To FRE, V. n. To inquire. Maitland P. 

Su.G./ni, ItLfrae, id. 
FRE, acy. Noble. IFallace. 

A.S.Jreo, ingenutts. 
FRE, a^j. Beautiful. Wyntovnu 

O.Su.G.yr#, pulcher. 
Fax, s. A lady, from the adj. MaiOand P. 
To FREATH, v. n. To froth, S. Sums. 
To YsLKATu, V. a. To work up into froth, Sb 
FaxAf H, s. Frotli, S. 

Dtin,Jraade, spuma. 
FRECHURE, s. Coolness. Oiron. & P. 

Ft. frttischure, id. 
FRECK, aid. V. Frack. 
FREDFULL, atg. Read JrentifUU, 
Friendly. WoUace. 

FREE, a4j. 1. Brittle, S.B. 
2. Applied to com which is so ripe as to 
be easily shaken, S.B. 
To FREESK, v. a. To scratch, to curry, 

FaiasK, s. A hasty mb; metaph. any 

work done expeditiously, Ang. 
FREFF, adj. Shy, reserved, Roxb. 
strong man. Waltact. 

8\i.G»Jraeck, strenuus. 
2. A petuhint young man. Dougfas. 
Su.G. fi-Mck, tumidus, insolens. 
FREIRIS^ s. A friary. BeUcnden. 

O.Vr, frames, id. 
To FREITH, FRETH. v, a. To pio- 
tecL A.S.yfiM-iaft,id. Dou^Uis^ 

TovFREITH, V. a. To liberate. WaUace. 

A.S. ge-frilk'tan, id. 
FREIT, FREET, FRET, s. A super- 
stitious notion, with respect to any 
thing as a good or bad omen, S. 



S. A supentitioiis otMenrance, a ehumt 
a K.Ja,VL 

S, Any act of worship, proceeding from 
superatition. More. 

4. To tiand on frets, to udddstXtxlAm, 
S.B. Ross. 

UlfraettfJireU, an omen or oracle. 

Friittt, Futtt, a4;. Superstitious, S. 

FRELAGE, «. Freedom. DougUu. 

Gx:rm.Jriiatx, free. 

FRELY. Frelyfiue, Noblewoman. V. 
FoDE. A. S JrtoUc, liberalis. Barbour, 

Feely, s, a beautiful woman; the at{f, 
used as a f . WaUace. 

FRELY, FREELY, adv. Entirely, S. 


adj. 1. Strange, foreign, & 

2. Acting like a stranger, S. KtUjf. 

3. Having no relation, S. Ruddimam 

4. Unlucky, adverse. Xing*s Quair* 
A,S.fremd, Moes.G. franuUf^ja, pe- 

Feemmitness, s. Strangeness. Maitlaad P. 
FRENCH-GOWS, s.pL Perhaps gauxe. 


FREND, FRIEND, *. I. A relation, S. 


5. One allied by marriage, S. I^elfy. 
Su. G./raende, a kinsman. 

FRENYIE, s. A fringe. S. P. Repr. 

Teut jyengie, id. 
To FRENN, V. n. To rage, Ang. 
Febkkisin, *. Rage, Ang. ¥r. phrenetic. 
FRENSCHLY, adv. Frankly. Dtug^. 
FRENSWM, aiy. Friendly. Wyntoum. 
To FREQUENT, v. a. To acquaint, 

FREQUENT, a4j. Great, as denoting 

concourse. BaiUie. 

Feequentlt, adv* Numerously. BaiUie. 
FRER, FRERE, Fr. s. A frier. 

FRESH, a4j. Open, opposed to frosty, S. 
Sir J. Sinclmr. 
FRESH,*. A slight flood in a river, S. 

Law Case. 
FRESON,«. A Frisic steed; Tr.frison. 

Sir Gaivan. 
To FREST, FRESTIN. V. Feaist. 


FRE8T, s. Delay. Barbowr. 

Su. G.frest, temporis intervallum. 
To FRET, f. a. To devour. Dou^lau 

FRET, s. A superstition. V. Feeit. 
FRETHIT, part. pa. Liberated. V. 


(gutt) at^. 1. Frail, brittle, S.B. 

Journal Lond* 
2. Dry ; apjjlied to com, Ang. 

Su.G./ra^itn, friabiiis. Pal. Hon. 

FREUALT, L. &rtMiZ. servile. Wallace. 

FRE WALL, adj. 1. Frivolous. Act. Cone. 

2. Used in the sense of Jiekle. Wallace. 


FREWP, J. Perhaps, frippery. Houlaie. 

FREZELL, «. An iron instrument for 

striking fire. Z. Bojfd* 

FRY, s. A tumult, S.B.fray. £. JZoss. 

FRIDOUND, pret. v. Quavered. 


Vr.fredannrert to quaver. 

FRIED CHICKENS* Ghicken-broCh 

with eggs dropped in it, S. Sir J. Sinclair. 

FRIEND-STEAD, atfj. Posseting a 

friend. RutherfonL 

FRIGGIS, s. pL Perhaps, q^frekis* stout 

men. Chr. Kirk. 

FRYME, L. signe. Houlate. 

FRIM-FRAM, s. Trifle. Presb. Eloq. 

To FRIST, V. a. I. To deUy 

Isi.frest'a. Rutherfirrdm 

8. To give on credit, S. Ckron. S. P. 
Vkssi, FaisnNO, s. 1. Delay. Rutherford. 
IsX.frest-r, Germ. frist. id. 
S. ToJHst, afiristt on credit 

Bannatyne Poems. 
FRYST, a4j. First. Barbourm 

FRITTE, s. Perhaps, protection ; Germ. 
friede. Houlate. 

FROATH-STICK, s. A stick for whip- 
ping cream, S.B. Watson* s CoU. 
FRODY, ad^. Ufrdie. Lyndsay. 
FROG, f. An upper coat. Barbour* 

O.¥[em.frock, suprema vestis. 
To FROG, V. n. To snow or sleet at in- 
tervals, Ang. 
Feoo, s. a flying shower of snow or sleety 
Ang. Lyndsay. 


¥KOO, #. A young hone. Buehan* 

To FRONT, 0. n. Applied to meat, when 
• it twellK in boiling* Ang. 
FROUNSIT. pari. pa. Wrinkled. 

Fr.yron*-^, to wrinkle. Henrytone, 
FROW, ». A lusty female, & 

Germ^fraw, Belg. vrowe, a woman. 
FROWDIE, $. A big lusty woman, S.B. 

Sw. frodig, plump. 
FROWDIE, t. A cap worn by old wo- 
men, Ang. Su. 0»J¥u^g, a lady's cap. 
FRUCTUOUS, a^ Fruitful Dougku. 
FRUNTT, FRONTY, «{/. FV«ein man- 
ner, Fife. A. Douglas. 
Fr. effrvnU^ oveibotd. 
Tq FRUSCH, FRWSCH, v. a. 1. To 
dash. J>ouglas. 

8. To break in pieces. Barbour. 

9. To OTerthrow. Wattace. 
Fr. froiat-er, to dash. 

To FauscH, V. n. To break. WaOace. 

FauscH, FaiTSH, ai(; Britde, S. 

Teut brooich, fivgih's. Mhut Bord. 
Fedscb, s- Breaking. Barbour, 

2n> FRUSTIR, o. a. To render useless. 

Fr.Jrustr-er, id. Dunbar. 

FansriR, at(j. 1 . Frustrated. Wallace. 

2. Vain, empty. Dunbar. 

FUD, FUDE, «. I. The matrix. fTallace. 
A.S. foth, Isl-yW, id. 
8. The backside, S. B. Bitton. 

8. A hare or rabbit's brush, S. Bums, 
FIDDER, s, 1. A large quantity; 
a cart-load. Barbour. 

8. A certain wdght of lead. Skevte. 
8. A great number. C3ir. MMt, 

AmS. fothert • wain-load* 
FUDDER, s. Lightning. Burd. 

¥r,foudre, id. 
FUDDY, «. A designation given to the 
wind, Aberd. Poems Buck, Dial. 

ItH.fud-r, notos ; or kwidoj acr. 
FonnuM, t. Drift at intenrals, Ang. 
FUDGIE, «(;. Gros8»Loth. V. Fonan. 
7b FUF, FUFF, v. n. To pulT, & Doug. 

Germ, pfujfenf id. 
To Vvrr, v. a. To blow intermittently, S.' 

Ftartf i. A puff, S. Lyndsay. 


FoTFAES^ «. pL Bellows, Ang. 

To FUFFLE, v. a. To put any thing in 

disorder, S. IsLj^a, contrectare. 
FUGE, s. Perhaps, a kind of picb«ze. ' 
Fr fouaige. id. X: HarU 

FUGE', FUGIE, a^j. FugiUve. Doug. 
Fdoi/, Fugim, «. 1. a fugitive, S. 

Toems Buck. Dial. 
8. One who flies from the flght, S. 

FUISH, pret. Fetched, S. Boss, 

To FULE, v.n. To play the fool. 


FULYE, s. 1. A lea£ Douglas, 

8. Leaf gold, 8. Gawan and Gol, 

Fr.fiuiOe, id. 

To FULYIE, V. a. To defile. BeOenden, 

FuLTiB, s, 1. The dung of a town, & 

Act Sedt, 

2. Transferred to manure. ITelfy, 

FuLTXAB, s. One who pollutes. Bellenden, 

FULLYERY, s. Leaved work. Pa;.iroii. 

Fr. JkeiU-er, to foliate. 
FULLEIiY, adv. Fully. Barbour. 

FULMAR, f. A species of petrel. Martin. 
FUMLER, s. Cttitfumler, a parasite. 

To FUNDY, FUNNY, v. n. To become 
stiff with cold. Bamsay. 

FUNDYN, part, pa, 1. Found. Barbour. 
8. Supplied. Id. 

A.8, Jtnd'an, suppeditare. 
FUNYIE, s. A polecat V. Forir. 
7b FUNK, V. a, 1. To strike^ S. 

2. To kick behind, S. 
FuMK, s. 1. A stroke, S. 

8. A kick, a 

3. lU humour. Loth. 

Teut m defonck xijn, tmbari. 
FUR, FURE, FEURE, s. 1. Afnnow, 
& WaUace. 

FuRLxuvH, f. Hie length of a furrow. 

Gawan and Gol. 
8. What resembles a fbnow. Douglas, 
ThOLjur, A.S.yVirA, id. 
FVKprtt l.Went WaOace. 

8. Fared ; as to food. WaUace, 

FURC, s GaUows. V. Pit. 
To FLUE, ». a. I. Tocnrj.AcU Jm. Ill: 


To Cavwo, CAhLYtR, e. ft. To roari to 
brawl, Ang. 

Su. G. gaeU^Cf laL giaU'a, to Todfc- 
N rate. 

Galyib, Galltix, Gklui, «. a ay of dis- 
pleasure, Ang. 

Su.G. gaell, ▼ociferatia 
GALLAND, «. A young fellow. V. 

GALLANT, aiy. Large, S.B. 

Joum* Lond, 
GALLION, t. A lean borse, Tweedd. 
GALLYTROUGH, s. The char. Fife. 

Statist, Acc* 
GALLOWAY, t, A hone not more than 

fourteen hands high, S. 
GALLOWS, s, 1. An elevated station for 
A view, Loth. 

S. Three beams erected in a triangular 
form, for weighing, S. 
G ALL W IND£, a gale. Z, Bo^. 

Tsl. golt ventus frigidior. 
G ALN£S» t. Satisfaction fqr slaughter. 
Beg, Mc\j, 
Gael, gialt geal, a reparation, and 
meas, estimate* 
GAM» a4j. Gay, sportive. PaL ffon» 

A. S. gavt'ian, ludere. 
GAM, s, A tooth, S.B. Jhuglat. 

GAMALEERIE, aty. Tall. raw.boned 
and awkward, commonly used of a fe- 
male* S. ; sometimes gamareerie. 
Gaualbkrik. «. A foolish person, Pertfas. 

I si gamtU-aer^ an old dotard. 
GAMBET, s, A gambol. Douglas. 

VT' gambade, id. from gambe, crus. 
GAMESONSk Armour for defend- 
ing the forepart of the body. Sir Gatoan. 
Fr. gamboison, a quilted coat. 
GAMFLIN, part, aefj, 1. Neglecting 
work from foolish menriroenu S.B. 

Sa.G, gqffla, to laugh immoderately, 
or lal. giamm, hilares facetiae. 
S. Spending time in idle talk or dalli- 
ance with young men, Ang. 
GAMYN, J. Game. Barbour. 

A*S* gament id. 
GAMP, a4j. Perhaps, Sportive. Herd. 
gambol V. Gambit. Dunbar, 


GASt prei. Began. Barbouf. 

GANARIS, s.pL Ganders. Houlate. 
To GANE, GAYN, r. n. 1 . To be fit. 

2. To belong to. Dougkuu 

Su.^n-a, Isl. ^^-a, prodesse. 
To Gakx, v.a. I. To fit, S. 
8. To wear with one. BUson. 

S. To suffice, a Mnst, Bord. 

Gams, Gath, adj. 1. Fit, proper, useful. 
Gaynest, superi. Sir Tristrem, 

2. Near; applied to a way, S.B. Ross. 
Su.G. gen, utilis ; genwa^, via bre- 
Ganshtmo,*. Necessary supply. Xyfidfoy. 
GANE. «. The mouth or throat Dougm 

C B. gen, the mouth. 

GANER, s. Gander, S. V. Gamabu. > 

To GANG, S. Gbko, S.B. v. n. 1. To go, 

Abp. Mamilloun. 

2. To go out, 8. Lyndtay. 

S. To proceed in discourse. Wallace. 

4. To walk, opposed to riding, S. Bos$. 

5. To pass from one sUte to another. 


6. To proceed in any course of life. 

Jbp. HamiUoun. 

7. To have currency, & Acts Ja, IV. 

8. To gangthegither, to be married, S. 


9. To gang to gait, to go abroad. 


10. To gang to the gent, to set out on a 
journey, S.B. Boss. 

A.S. gang€M, from ga-^n, gaa-n, id. 
Gamo, «. 1. A journey, S.B. 
A.S. gang, ixet. 

2. A walk for cattle^ S. 

5. As much as one carries at once, S. 

4. In composition, a passage. J^row-* 

gang, an alley. 
Ganqikg, I. Going. Barbour. 

Gamgimo Gunss, moveable goods, S. 
Gakgin Gbaith, the furniture of a mill 

which a tenant is bound to uphold, S. 
Gamcab, Gbkobb. s. a walker, S.B. 
Gakoabbl, Garobbl, s. 1. a stroller, 

Ang. Dunbar. 

2. A child beginning to walk, Ang. 



3. Metapb. a novice. JRo«f. 

Cavqarmjm, 9.pL a cant tenn for feet. 

Gakgdayis, s, pL Day% of perambulation 
ia Rogation week. BeUenden. 

A.S. gang-dagat, Su.G. gangdagar* 
GAYNYHE, s. 1. An arrow, a jaTe- 
lio. Dougtat, 

2. An iron gan» opposed to tbe bow. 
Ir. gain, arrow ; or an abbrev. of Fr, 
GANIEN, «. RbodomooUde, Banflfk 

Isl. gan-a, praeoeps mere. 
pence. Dou^at. 

A.S. gen, again, and gild-an, to pay. 
GANK, «. Unexpected trouble, S.B. 

GANSALD, GANSELL, «. A severe 

rebuke, S. Ruddiman* 

Su.G. gen, against, and MCiMa, to 
GANSCH, «. A snatch ; appUed to a 

dog, a 
To GANT, GAUNT, v. n, I. To yawn, 
& Xelfy, 

A. S. gan^ian, 9w« gan^a, id. 
Gamt, Gadkt, «. A yawn, S. Douglas, 
G ANTR£ES» s. A stand for ale-barrels, 
S. Ramsay, 

Teut ^en, fermenteseere. 
GAPPOCKS, s. pL Gobbets; RiUon. 

Isl. gap-a, hiare. 
GAPUS, s. A fool ; also giUy-gaput, gU- 
fy'gawpy, and gUly^gacut, Sw 

IfcL gape, id. Journal Lond. 

To GAR, GER, v. a. I. To cause, S. 

2. To force, & Wyntounu 

Sii. G. goer»a, anc giaer'a, facere. 
GARB, «. 1. A young bird, Ang. 
S. Metapb. a child, Ang. 
Norw. gorju a raven. 
GARDEROB, J. Wardrobe. Fr. 

Mts Ja. VL 
GARDEVYANCE, «. A cabinet. 

, Yu garde de viandes, a cup-board. 


GARDY, t. Hie arm, S.B. Douglat- 

Gael, gairdain, id. 
GAEDT-CBAia, s. Au clbow chair, Abeid. 
Journal Loud* 
GARDIS, s. pi. Yaids. DougUu. 

A.8. geard, tk rod. 
GARE, a4/. 1. Keen. Dou^s. 

2. Rapacious. Ramsay. 

A.S. graro, ezpeditus. 
GARE, s. The great auk. Sibbald. 

Isl. gyr, id. 
GARE, «. A stripe of cloth. V. Gair. 
GARNISOUN, s^ 1. Agarrisonl Doug. 
2. A body of armed men. Douglas* 
GARRA Y, s. Pieparation. Peblis Play. 

A. S. gear€h apparatus. 
A watch tofrer. WaUace, 

Fr. gariU, id. 
2. Tbe top of a hilU Ruddiman, 

O. Goth, tsart, a mountain. 
GARanouK, 5. The watchman on the bat- 
tlements of a castle. IT. Hart* 
GARRON, GERRON, s. 1. A small 
horsey & Ir. id. a hackney. Stat. Ace. 
2. An old stiff horse. Loth. 
5. A tall stout fellow, Ang. 
Ir. garran, a strong horse. 
GARRON NAILS, Spike nails. S. 
G'ARSON, «. An attendant Sir Gawan. 

Fr. gar^on, a boy. 
GARSTY, s. The resemblance of an old 
dike, Orkn. 

Isl. gardsto, locus sepimentL 
GARSUMMER, s. Gossamer. Watson. 
GART, GERT.prW. of Gar, Grr. 
GARTANE, *. A garter, S. Chron.S. P. 

Gael, gairtetn, id. ' 
GARTEN BERRIES, Bramble ber- 
ries. Gl. Sibb. 

GARTH, s. 1. 4n indosuie. Wallace. 
2. A garden. Dur*b<xr» 

A. S. geard, used in both senses. 
GARVIE, «. Tbe sprat, a fish, S. Gar* 
vock, Inverness. Sibbalds 

To GASH, r. ft. 1 . To talk a great deal in 
a confident way, S. 

2. To Ulk pertly, or insolently, S. 

3. To talk freely and fluently, S. synoa 
gabt Rums. 



Fr. gauti'trt to gibe. Roqoeftrt 
gives O. Fr. ga$^ gag, «« motely a ▼ari»- 
tion of gab, plaiaBiitcri6» noqaerMu 
GAfR, «• 1. Prattle, S. synoii. ga6. 

8. Pert language, 8. 

Oabb, adj, 1. Shrewd in conTeraation, sa- 
gacious, S. WaUan* 
2. Lively and fluent in disooune, S. 

9. Having the pppeaimnce of lagadty 
conjoined with that of aelf-importance, 
S. Biumf. 

4. THn, rcspeetably dressed* & 

R, GaUoway, 
GASH, «. A projection of the under jaw, 

To Gash, v. «. !• To project the under 
jaw. & 

2. To distort the mouth in contempt, S. 
Fr.|raiccA«, awry; gaueh-irp to writhe. 
OAST, $. A gust of wind, &B. 

OASTROUS» adlj. Monstrous, Dumfr. 
0an gatter. Manes, ghosts. O.E. 
g«j|«r, to affKght. 
GATE, $, A way. V. Gait. 
GATE, #. Jet V. Gcr. Douglas. 

GATING, «. Periiaps. guessing. BureL 

8u.G. gaet-a, coigecturam facere. 
GAUCY, GAWSY, a4f, 1. Plump, jol- 
Ijt S. Journal Lond* 

5. Applied to any thing large, S. Burnt. 
8. Meuph., stately, portly, a Ferguson, 

8u.G. gaase, a male. The ancient 
Gauls called strong men Gaeti. 
4. Well prepared, & J. Dougfas, 

GAUCKIT, Mff. Stupid. V. Gowkr. 
GAUD, GAWD, *. 1. A trick. DougUu. 
2. A tMid custom or habit, aB. 

FV. gaud'tr, to beftolicksome, Su.G. 

gaedrOM, laetari; front Islgoa,gaudium. 

GAVEL, GAWIL, s. Hie gable of a 

house, a Wtfntovtm, 

Su.G. gafloel, Belg, gevel, id. 

GAVELOCK, «. An iron lever, a 

A.S.gafclucas, bastilia, gafl, fuica. 
G AUGEa <. pL Wages. AcU Sedt. 

O. Fr. guaige. 
GAUKIE, GAWKY, s. A foolish per- 
SOD. V. Gows. Sw.gack,id,Bamtay. 


Gauxr, Gawxit. atff. Foolish, giddy, a 


GAUL* «• Dutch myrtle^ S. V. Scotch. 


GAULE, t. A loud lau^ V. Gawf. 

GAUT, «. A hog, a Sir J. Sinclair. 

IsL gait, sus eisectus. 

To GAW. n. a. 1. To gall, S. FerguiOfu 
a Metaphn to fret, S. JKomsoy. 

3b Gaw, v. n. To become pettish, Loih. 

Gaw, «. The mark left by a stroke or 
pressure, a Poivari. 

GAW, s, A gall-nut Banut^. 

GAW, «. !• A furrow or drain, a 

Statitt. Ace. 
S. A hollow with water springing in 
it, Ang. 

GAWD, t, A goad, a Boa. 

GAWDNIE, GOWDNIE. «. The yel- 
low gurnard, a q. goM-fifth. SSbbaldm 

To GAWV» GAFF, t;.n. To kugh vio- 
lently, a Bamtay. 
Su.G. gqffUh id. Germ, gaffen, to 

Gaulp, Gawp, Gafpaw, A horse-laugh* 
a JTnor. 

3\> GAWP UP, 0. a. To swallow vora- 
ciously. a Bamsay, 

Sw. gulpttf bucds vorare deductts. 
Gawp. t. A large mouthful, a 
G A W RIE. s. The red gurnard. S. Sibbald. 
GAWSIE. ae^ Jolly V. Gauct. 
GEAN, GEEN. «. A wild cherry, a 

Fr. guigne, guine, id. Statitt. Ace. 
GsAMTaxi, «• A wild cherry-tree, a 

Statitt, Ace 
GEARKING,paft. a^j. Vain. Lyudtay. 

A. a gearc-ianf appazare. 
GEAT, t. A child. V. Gtr. 
GEBBIE, GABBIE, t. The crop of a 
fowl, a Ferguton. 

Gael, ciabanf the gissard. 
To GECK, GEKK, p. a. To sport, Ang. 
2. To deride, a PAt/o/io. 

5. To befool. Leg. St Androis. 

4. Tojat, a 

5. To toss the head disdainfully, a 



Teatgheek-^H, deridere. Sa,0»geek^ 
09^ ludilicari. Sw. gaeck'-a, to jOl 
Gjcce, Gkkk, «. 1. a sigQ of deriBion. 

2. A jibe. Mimtgimerie. 

TeuL geck^ jocui. 
5. Cheat, S. Poena 16tA CbK. 

G£D» {g bard) «. The pike, a fiih, & 

So.G. I9l.^a<;(2</a, id. jBat^ftonr. 

Gso-sTArr, <. 1. A staff for itifring pikes 
from under the banks. DougUu. 

S. A pointed ttafi; from Su.G. gadd, 
aculeus. GL Sibb. 

GEE, (g hard) <• To tait the gee, to be- 
come pettish and unmanageable, & 
Isl. geig, offense. Rots. 

GEY, GAY, (g haid) a^/. Tolerable. 

( S» P» B/epTm 

Ageywheen, a considerable number. 

Grr, Gat, adv. Indifferently. Gejf and 

weU, pretty well, S. Bameay. 

GxiLT, Gatly, Getub^ oiv* Pretty well, 

& XeUy. 

Teut ^A^, sanus; flu. G. gef, usnalis. 

GEYELER, «. ZeSLm, WaUace. 

Tb GEIF, GEYFF, ^. a. To give. 


To GEIG, (^ soft) o. «. To make a creaks 

jng noise, S. DougUu, 

Germ, geig-eti, fricare. 

GEIG, 1. A net used for catching Ae nu 

sor-fish. Evergreen, 

GEIL, GEILL, i. Jelly, a Fr. geL 


GEILL POKKIS» baga through which 

ealishead jetfy is strained. MaUland P. 

GEING, {g hard) «. Intoxicating liquor 

of any kind, Ang. 

Isl. gfngd, cererisiae motus. 
GEING, (g hard) t. Thing, Bord. 

A. S. gm^, latrina. 
GEIR, t. Accoutrements, &c V. Gbb. 
hard) v. n« To become leaky for want 
of moisture, S. Ferguson* 

Su. G. gistn-a, gisn-a, id. 
GEI ST, f. 1. An exploit; Lat. gesta, 

S. The histoiy of any memorable ac- 
tion. Doughs* 


GEIST» GEST, t. 1. A joist, & Doug. 

2. A beam. Barbour. 


Plenty, & Gael, go leoir, enough. Ross. 
To GELL, (g hard) v. n. To thrill with 

pain, & SirMgiar. 

Germ, geli-en, to tingle. 
To GELL, (g hard) v. n. To crack in 

consequence of heat, S. 
IsL geii, fiisura. 
GxLL, s. A crack or rent in wood, 8. 
GELL, (g hard) f. A leech, S.B*geBie, 

Su.G. iga, id. C.B. gel, a boTMleech. 
GELT, s. Money. V. Gilt. 
GEN, prep. Against A.S. gean, id. 
GEND, (ghard)a({;. Playful. AP.Repr. 

IsL gant-^, Indificare. 
GEN YIE,i. Engine of war. Mnst.Sord. 


GENIS, s. Apparency, the radc Act Sed. 

Fr. gine, id. from Lat geA^nno. 
GENYUS CHALMER, bridal cham- 
ber. Daui^. 
GENTY, (g soft) a4i. Neat, limber, ele- 
gantly Ibrmcd, S. ilamfay. 
Teut jent, bellus, ekgans. 
GENTIL, adj. Belonging to a nation. 

GENTILLY, ado. Completely, Aug. 

nourable birth. Dumkar. 
S. Genteel manners. WaUace* 
5. Gentlenets, softneas. Henrysone. 

GEO, (g hard) «. A deep hollow, Caithn. 
IsL gia, hiatus oblongus. 
8. A creek or chasm in the shore iacall- 
edgtfow, Orkn. 

GER, GERE, GEIR, GEAR, (g haid) 
1. 1. Wariike accoutrements. Barbour. 
Isl. geir, lancea ; Dan. dyn geira, stre- 
pltus armorum. 

S. Goods. Goods and gear, a law phrase, 
S. Ruddinusn* 

5. Booty. Minst. Bord. 

4. All kind of tools for bushiess, S. 


5. Money, & Ifatson. 



GxAir, GxAKKD, Provided with 
•nnour. WaUace. 

GERRON. GAIRUN, $. A 8e>.t»>at, 
Aug. jtftful. BonL 

GERSk GTRS^ $. Gran» S. Wyntown. 

A. S. goers, Belg. gan, gen% id. 
GxftST, adj. Gnusy, S. Dougfat. 

GuLss-Rousx, 1. A house ponessed by m 
tenant who has no hmd attached to it, 
GxRssLoupcB, t. A grassboper, & B. 
Gekss-van, G&ass-han, t. A tenant who 
has no land. Spalding. 

Su. G. gmettaetif id. 
Gxa8»-TACK, s. The lease which a gersi- 

man has, Ang. 
paid to a landlord by a tenant, at the 
entry of a lease, or by a new heir to a 
lease or feu, S. Ihtnbar. 

A. S. gaenuma, genume, a compensa- 
To GES, e.iu To guess. IPyntown. 

GE8NING. GESTNING, t. (g hard) 
Hospitable reception. DougUu, 

Isl. gistning, id. from ge>«-r, a guest. 
GESSERANT* Spariding. JT. Quair. 

Teut. gAetf «r, a qiark. 
GEST, i. Ghost V. Gaict. HouUUe. 
child. Wyntown. 

fi. A Gontemptnoua designation for a 
child, & jrncNf. 

5. Progeny. WytUowtu 

4. Applied to the young of brutes. 
Goth. gei'O, gignere. Vougfas. 

GEWE, conf. If. V. Gif. 

arb GY, GYE, 0.0. To guide. JT. Qnudr. 

O.Fr, guier, id. 

Gy. *. A guide. Hisp. ^so. WaUace, 

GY^ <. A proper name; Guy, Earl of 

Warwick. Bannatyne Poetiu. 

GIB, GIBBIE> (g hard), f. A gelded cat, 

5. Fr. gibb^ier, to hunt. Henrytone. 
GIBBLE, (g hard). «. A tool of any kind, 

S»; whence ^'M<^, any small iron tool, 

Ang. Teut gaffel, furca. Morison. 

GIBBLE- GABBLE, «. l^oisy confused 

talk, S. Isl. grfia^ blaterare. Gi.Shirr. 


GIDE, GYDE, t. Attire. WaOaee. 

A,S.giwaedef id. 
To GIE, e.a. To gire, & V. Gir. 
GIELAINGER, s. A cheat V. Gi- 


GIEST, A contr. of gwe ui ii, S. 


To GIF, Gtf, Gipt, v, a. To>gi¥e ; gie, & 


GIF, GYVE, GEUE, GEWE, cof^ tt 


Moes.G. jmt, id.^, dubium. 

GIFFIS, GYFFIS, imper. v. Gir. 


GIFF-GAFF, t. Mutual giving. S. JTeUy. 

A.S gt/ and ^a/; q. I gave, be gave. 

GYISi GYSS, «. L A mask. Dunbar. 

2, A dance after some particular mode. 

O.Fr. giae, Henryume. 

GYKAT. L. GiuoT. MaiOandP. 

GIL, (g hard), $, A cavern. Douglas. 

IsL gU, hiatus monUum. 
GILD, r Clamour, noise. ^ JJimm, 

Ulg^m, clamor; gUl, vocifera 
Gild, aif;. Loud. S.B. 
GILD, o«(^. 1. Strong, well-grown. Sketie. 
Su. G. gild, validus, robustus. 
2. Great ji gild rogue, a great wag. 

GILD, GILDE, s. A fratemit) in&titn* 
ted for some particular purpose, & 

A.S,gild, fratemitas, sodalitium. 
GiLD-SKOTHEa, s. A meml«;r of ^be gild, S. 
GILDEE, s. The whiting pout. 

GYLE-FAT, «. The vat used for feiu 
menting wort, S. Gyle, Orkn. 

Burrow Lowes. 
Teut ghfflt cremor cerevisiae. 
A deceiver. JTeUu. 

2. " An ill debtor.** GL Ramsay. 

Su.G. gO-ia, to deceive, gytfNiiigar» 
GILLIB. s, 1. A boy. S. P. Sepr. 

Ir. gilla, gioUa, a boy ; a servant, a 

2. A youth who acts as a servant, page^ 
or copstant attendant, & Bob Mioy. 


V. Oapi's. 

WHIT, (g bard) «. 1. A worihl«8 fel- 
low, who geU into debt and runs off, 

2. A running footman; also» a bum- 
bailiff. . CotvU- 
From gUUe, a page, and teeifoot. 


1. A cheat, aB. Shirreft. 
S. To get thegUl-whtep, to be jilted, S. B. 

Isl. gilia, amoribus circomTenire, 
and hwippt celer cursus. 
GYLMIR. V. GiMiua. 
GILPY. GILPEY, *. A roguish boy. a 
frolicsome boy or girl, S. Ram$ay. 

A.S. giip, ostenUtion, arrogance. 
GILSE. <. A young salmon. V. Gaasx. 
GILT, pret. v. Been guilty. IT. Quair. 

A. S. gylt-an, reum faeere. 
GILT, f. Money. S geU. JTatton. 

Germ. geU, id. from geU^en, to pay. 
GILTY, tuy. GUded. DougUu. 

GYM, wff. Neat, spruce, a Doug. 

GIMMER, GYLMYR, {g bard) *. 1. 
A ewe that is two years old, & 

So.G. gimffter, ovicula, quae semel 

S, A contemptuous term for a woman, 
a Ferguson, 

GYMMER, compar, of Gru, Evergreen, 
To GYMP, {jg soft) V, n. To gibe, to 
taunt. Ruddiman, 

Isl. skimp'O, Su. G tkyn^-a, to taunt 
GTMr, jTMr, #. 1. A witty pest, a taunt, 
aB. Dou^as, 

S. A quirk, a subtilty. Henri^sone, 

Belg. ichimpf a jest, a cavil. 
GYMP, GIMP, JIMP, adj. l.Slim, de- 
licate, a Douglat* 

2. Short, scanty, a 

Su. G. tkami, short, tkaenU-a, to short- 
GiMPLT, JiupLT, adv. Scarcely, S. 
GIN, eonj. It, ^ SeL Baa. 

GYN, GENE, 1. 1. Engine for war. 

Cynnifsfor crakjfs, great gun«. Barbour, 


S. The boltor lockof a door, a 

GYN, 1. A chasm. JDou^, 

A.S.ginf hiatus. 
To GY}^4i. n. To begin. JT. ^wir. 

GYMinrNG, t. Beginning. Wynioum, 

GINGE-BRED, $. Gingerbread, a 

GINKER,!. A dancer. Watson. 

Germ. scAunnck-en, celeriter movere. 
GYNKIE, (g hard) s. A term of reproach 
applied to a woman ; a giglet, Renfr. 
Ang. Isl. ginn a, deciperei 
GYNOUR, t. Engineer. Barbour. 

Gi PE, s. One who is greedy or avaritious. 
III. gypa, vorax. JFation, 

GIPSY, *. A woman's cap, 8. 
GiPSET ux&EiNo, The pilchard, a 

Ess. Highl. Soc. 
GIRD, GYRD, s. 1. A hoop, a ; also 
girr. Mmtt.Bord. 

A. a gyrdt I&l. g^rde, vimen. - 
GiaoKE, <• A cooper. Loth. 

8. A stroke, a Barbour. 

To LET GIRD, 1. To Strike. Chr. Kirk. 

S. To let fly. Douglas. 

To Gian, v, a. I . To strike, with the pron. 

throw. Douglas* 

To Giao, V. n. To more with expedition 

and ford^ Barbour. 

To GIRD, V. n. To drink hard, aS. 

GIRD, s. A trick. Douglas. 

Su.G. goer-a, incantare; utgiordt ma- 
gical art 
GIRDLE, s. A circular plate of mallea- 
ble or ca»t iron, for toasting cakes over 
the fire, a ColvU. 

Su. G. grissel, the shovel used for the 
oven ; from graedd*a, to bake. 
GYRE-CARLING. {g hard)*. 1. He- 
cate, or the mother-witch of the pea- 
sants, a Lyndsay. 
Gy-carlin, Fife.; Gay-earlin, Bard. 
Isl. Geira, the name of one of the Fates, 
and karlinna, an old woman. 
2. A hobgoblin. Bannat. Journal. 
S. A scarecrow, S. B. Journal Lond. 
GYRE FALCON, s. A large hawk. 



Germ, geir, a vultureb *od Jhlie, a 

G YRIE, (g soft) t, A atntagem, SeDurki. 

V. Ingtrc 
To GIRG, JIRK, V. n. To make a crtak- 

ing noise, S. V. Ckdix. Douglas, 
GIRKE, t. A stroke, KJeri^ Z. Boyd. 

\^.jark€, pes feriens. 
To GIRN.4;. n. 1. To grin, & Bou^. 

S. To snarl, & Rawuay. 

a. To fpape ; applied to diCM, S. 
GimK, <. A grin, S. 

CrTRNZMo, s. Grinning. Jterftoitr. 

GIRN, GYRNE, 1. 1. A grin, & 


S. A snare of any kind. . Itamsay. 
A.S. gim, IsL gjm^, id. 
GIRN, <• A tent put into a wound, a se- 

ton, Bord. Isl. gime, diorda. 

1. 1. A granary, S. Knox. 
Gimal'ryver, the robber of a granary. «» 

JiVi TgfCt% • 

2. A large chest for holding meal, & 
Fr.greniew, id. 

To GiRNAi^ V. a. To store up in grana- 
ries, S. Mtt Ja. 11. 


temptuouB term for a peevish person, & 

GL CompUnfta, 

GIRNOT, $. Hie gray Gurnard; vul- 
garly garnet^ Loth. Statist. Ace. 

GYRS. s. Grass. V. Gku. 

GIR8ILL, s. A salmon not fully grown. 
Mts Ji. III. 

GIRSLE, «. Gristle, & 

GiRSLiK, a((j. Gristly, S. J. Nicol. 

GIRT, pret. v. Made, for gert. Souiate. 

GIRTEN, s. A garter. Surel. 

Frotection. Wallace. 

S. A sanctuary. Barbour. 

9. The privilege granted to criminals 
during certain holidays. Baron Court. 
4k Metapb. in the sense of privilege. 


To GYS, V. a. To disguise. V. Gtis. 

GYSAR, GYSARD, s. I. A hariequin ; 
a term applied to those who diiguise 


tkemielvM about the time of die new 

year, S. gysart. Maitland Poems. 

5L One whose looks are disfigured bgr 

age, or otherwise^ S. Journal LontU 
To GYSEN. V. GmsB. 

THERN, t. A, a bUl. Doug. 
O. Fr. gisarme, hallebard ; lirom Lat. 

gesa, hasti^ Roquefort. 
GITE» s. A gown. Chauc id. ffenrysone* 
GYTE. To gang gi^ff, to act eitraraganu 

ly, S. hiie, S.B. Jtamsay. 

IsL gaet-asi, laetari. 
GITHERN. V. GxssAUCi. Dou^u 
GYTHORN,<. A guitar. BouUie. 

Fr. giiemet from Lat citkara. 
GITIE, a4f. Shining as agate. Walsom, 
GIZZEN, «. Childbed. V. JnaxN-iBn. 
To GIZZEN, e. n. To be dried. V. 


speak indistinctly, S. 
GaeL glqfaire, a babbler. 
GLACK, <. 1. A defile between mouii- 

tains, Pertbs. Ang« Jiinsirelsy Bord. 

2. A rarine in a mountain. Fop. BaB. 

3. An opening in a wood where tbe 
wind comes with force, Pertbs. 

4. The part of a tree where a bough 
branches out G/. Pop* Ball. 

5. That part of the band between the 
thumb and fingers. Ibid. 

GaeL glac, anarrow glen, giEoic, a de- 
GLACK, «. 1. A handful or email por- 
tion, Ang. Jtoss. 
2. As much grain as a reaper holds in 
his hand, Ang. 

S. A snatch, a slight repast, Ang. 
Gael, glaic, a handfuL 
To GLACK one*s mitten, to put money 
into one's hand, S. B. Journal Land. 
Gael, glac^am, to receive. 

1. Smooth, easy in motion, S. 


2. Slippery; glid'ice, S.B. 

5. A ppiied to one who is not to be trust* 
ed, & B. 


A.& tl^ Belg. glad, 8a.6. i/att, 

GLADDERIT, pari. /M. BetoMared. 
Teuk Uadder^en, to bedaub. Dunbar. 

GLAIK, pi, GtAKi, t. ]. The reaection 
of the nys of light, from a hicid body 
Jo motioii. Xennedy. 

To eatiikegfttiki on one, to make the 
idfection lUl on onc» S. 
fi. Any thing that prodncct reflection. 
8. A deeeption ; what euddenly elodee 
0ne*s gimp or sight. & Lyndtay, 

To play Ihe g^aiks with one, to gull, to 
cheat Lyndaay. 

To get theijUdk, to be gulled or cheated, 
&B. Leg, St Androiu 

2b kwU the gUiiks, to purtue with perpe- 
tual disappointment Cohnl. 

4. The act of jilting. To gie the glaiktp 
to jilt one, S. Herd. 

5. A giddy and frifolous person. 

Ckr, Kirk, 
<S. A bat, Loth. 

A.& gUg, Ittdibrium, Teut. g/idt-en, 

3\i Glauc, Glaixi, v. n. To spend time 
idly or pUyfully, S. BureL 

GLAiKft, Glaktt, part, adj, I. Light, 
giddy, S. Complaynt S. 

2. FooUah, rash. fFallace. 

8. Giddy, including the idea of coque- 
try, S. Lyndsay. 

GtAiKivo, i. Folly. Dunbar, 

GLAYMORB, s. A two4ianded sword. 


S. Hie common broadF>Bword, claymore, 

& Botwell. 

Gael. cUddhamhp a sword, n%ore, great 

GLAIRY- FLAIRY. mtf. Gaudy, 
shewy, S. B. £. ^nrr , kdA flare. 

GLAiau-rLAiftus, i. pi. Gaudy trap- 
pings, Ang. 

GLAIZIE, a4;. GUttering, glossy. S. 


GLAMER, GLAMOUR, t. The sup- 
posed influence of a rharm on the eye, 
causing it to sec objects differently from 
what they really are. Hence, to cast 


glamer o^et one, to cause deception of 

sight, & BUsan. 

Isl giniR, gkucoma in oculis gestans, 

ftscinatitt oculis. 

GuiMOURiT, part, atg. Fascinated. Evergr. 

GLAMER. s. Noise. Diallog. 

lal. ^amr^t strepitum edere. 
GLsxaous. a€{j. Noi»y. Wallace. 

GLAMMACH, «. A snatch, an eager 
grasp, Ang. 

S. A mouthful, Ang. Glam,glafnmie, 8. A. 
Gael, glaimm, a gobbet; gfamh^nh 
to catch at greedily. 
To GLAM P, V. n. 1. To grasp ineffec- 
tually, &B. Rots. 
S. To endeavour to lay hold of any thing 
beyond one's reach, S.B. 
3. To strain one's self to catch at any 
thing. Hence, 
Glamp, t, A sprain, Ang. 
Glampit, part, pa. Sprained. 
GLAR, GLAUR, t. 1. Mud, mire, S. 
8. Any glutinous substance. Comjtl, S. 
Fr. glaire. the white of an egg. 
GLASCH AVE, adj. Perhaps, voracious. 
Su. G. gluptk, id. Dunbar, 
GLASHIE, a4; Hudson. 
GLASSOCK, <. The coal-fish, Sutherl. 

Stat. Ace. 
To GL ASTER, r. n. 1. To bark, to 
bawl Rudd. Gl. Shirr, glaister. 
S. To boast Douglas, 

Vr.glast'irt to bark, Su.G. glafi^, 
id. ; also to speak f(X>)ishly. 
GLAnsRKB. f. A boaster. Calderwood. 
GLATTON, s, A handful, Clydes. 
To GLAU.M, t^ n. To grasp at any thing, 
generally denoting a feeble and ineffec- 
tual attempt S. Burns. 
Su.G toga i glims, errare in capien- 
do, frustrari. 
Glaum, s. A grasp, especially one that is 

ineffectual, Ang. 

GLE, GLEW, s, 1. Game, sport, E.^r. 

PeUis to the Play. 

2. MeUph. the fate of battle. Barbour, 

A. S^gteo, gliwf id. 

GU&-MKK, s. pU Minstrels. Dunbar. 


A.S. gfi'fnan, a miuiGiftD. 
GLEAM. Gane gleam, taken fire, S.B. 

Poena Buchan Ditd, 

GLED, t. The kite, S. 

To GLEEK, V. n. To gibe. Sir J. Sinclair. 

GLEG, adj. 1. Quick of perceptioo, by 

meant of any one of the lenies, S., as 

ffay of the ee, S. Fordwu 

2. Keen ; applied to edged tools, S. 


3. Clever, expeditiouai S. JBumt. 

4. Attentive, S. Bamtaif, 

5. Smooth, slippery ; as gleg ice, & 

6. Quick of apprehension, S. Ferguson. 

7. Conjoined with the idea of avarice. 

Isl. gloegg-r, acer visu ; acutus ; at- 
tentus ; consideratus ; parent : from 
Su. G. glot attentis ocuUs videre. 

Gleglt, adv. 1. Eipeditiously, & 
2. Attentively, S. Bou, 

GLEG, 8, A gad-fly. V. Clko. 

To GLEY, GLYE, v. n. 1. To squint, a 
2. Metapb. to overlook. JTetfy. 

Glet, t. A squint look, S. 

Gliy'o, Gluo» I. Squint* 
eyed, S. WaOace. 

Isi gloe, gloedt, lippe prospecto, or 
gleid-a, distenderc, gleid, disicntus. 
2. Oblique, used generally, S. 

To Glbdgb, v. n. To look asquint sudden- 
ly, Fife. 

GLEID, GLEDE, s. 1. A burning coal, 
& Douglat. 

A.S. gfed, Svi.G.gloed, pruna. 

2. A strong or bright fire, S. Wallace. 

3. Fire, in general. Douglau 

4. A temporary blaze. LordHaUeM. 

5. A small fire. Hetirytone. 

6. A mass of burning metaL Ihugfat, 

7. A hot ember, S. 

8. A spark of fire. d. Sibb. 
GLEYD, GLYDE, s. An old hone, S. B. 

Bannatyne Poems. 
Isl. glad-r, equus gradarius. 
GLEIS, s. Splendour. Evergreen. 

Isl. glis, nitor. 
To GLEIT, GLETE, v. n. U To glit- 
ter. Douglas. 
2. Denoting the polish given to Ian- 


guage. Isl. gfitt-a, ful^ve. Pal. Him. 

GLE.MEN, Minstrel. V. Gue. 

GLENDEIUGANE, a4f. In a decUning 
state of health, in bad circumatanoea, 
or engaged in immoral habita; gtemder- 
gear, id. S. 

From glanders, a disease of h ora e fc 

GRANDGORE, s. Lues venerea. 

Fr. gorre, id. also grande gorre, Ro- 
quefort ; or q. glandgore. 

To GLENT, GLINT, v. n. I. To glance, 
S. Ramsay. 

2. To pass suddenly, & Minst. Bard, 
5. To peep out, & Bums. 

4. To squint, & B. Cleland. 
Glsmt, Gumt, «. A glance, S. Bamsay. 

2. A transient view, S. 

5. A moment ; in a gleni, immediate- 
ly, Sb Teut giants, splendor. Boss. 

To GLEUIN, V. n. To glow. V. Guf- 

FiH. DougUis. 

To GLEW, r. a. To make merry. 

A. S. gleoto-ianp jocarL Xing Mart. 
Glew, s. Sport. V. Glb. 
GLIB-GABBET, aiy. Having a glib 

tongue, S. Bums. 

GLID, at(f. Slippery. V. Glad. 

be seised with sudden fear, S. 

Journal Lomd. 
To Gurr, v. a. ToaflTright, to alarm, Sb A. 

It gl^ him, Loth. Glufl, id. Caithn. 
Guff, Gloff, Gluff, <• I. A sudden 

fear. Loth. Bamsay. 

2. The shock felt in plunging into wa- 
ter, S.B. Boss. 

3. Glow, uneasy sensation of heat, Ang. 
GLIFF, f. 1. A transient view, S. 

2. A moment, S. Mannering. 

To GLIFFIN, r. n. To open the eyes at 

intervals, in awaking from a disturbed 

sleep. V. Glxuik. Barbour. 

GLIM, s. An effectual attempt to lay 

hold of an object, Aberd. Shirrrfs. 

Gum, o<y. Blind, Aberd. 
GuM-cLAU, s. Blind man*s buff. IbUL 

Isl. glam, visu hebes. 
To GLIMMER, V. n. Toblink, to wink, S. 


GLIMMER, <• MicB of mincnlogisUt 

GLISK, s. A tnnii«iit view, S. /. Nicol. 

IsL giis, nitor. 
GLI5NYT, GLISINT, prtt. BUnked, 
likt one newly awakened. DougUu. 
A.S. gtitn^-ianf oonucare. 
Tp GLISSi o. n. To cast a glance with 
the eyes. Sir Gawan. 

Germ, ^s^-en, fulgere. 
GLISTER, «. Luttre. JShox. 

Su.G. gUitra, icintilla. 
GLIT, 1. 1. Tough phlegm, & 
S. Oooe in the bed of ariTer, S. 
Itl. gUUf gfaet^t humor. 
GLOAMIN, GLOMING, «• Twilight, 
S. A,8.giomung, id. A, Hume, 

GLQAioy-eBOT, f. A twilight interview, & 

GLOAMiN-sTAa, t. The evening-star. Loth. 
To GLOCK, V, tu To gulp, including the 
Idea of the sound, Ang. ; wackt synon. 
Teut ktock-en, sonitum reddere, qui^ 
lem angusti oris vasculum solet 
Olock, <• A gulp, Ang. 
GLOFF,<. A sudden fright, a V. Giatt. 
GLOGf(u(f. Slow; ghg^rinnin water, a ri- 
Ter that runs slowly, Pcrtfas. 

GaeL glog, a soft lump, giliwigar, slow* 

GLOY, t, 1. The withered blades strip- 
ped off fnm straw, & B. J}ougias. 
S. Oaten straw, Orkn. 

Fr. giuy, Holl gluye, straffien arnn- 

To Glot, V, a. To give grain a rough 
thrashing. Loth. 

GLOIS, <. A blase. V. Glosi. 

To GLOIT, V. n. 1. To work in some- 
thing liquid, miry, or viscous, Ang. 
8. To do any thing in a dirty and awk- 
^vard manner, Ang. 

Sw. gloet-a, to grope for fish. * 

GLorrar. V. Gludderis. 

GLONDERS, «. p/. In the glonders, in 
a state of ill- humour, Loth. JTnox. 

IsL giundr^, coofundere, turbare. 

To GLOPPE, GLOPPEN, v.n. To let 
the eountenanoe fall, as when one is a- 
bout to cry or weep. Sir Gawan, 


Isl. gAipti.^ vultum demittere ; eon- 

trisuri, ad lacrymas bibulas effUnden- 

dum rooveri. 
GLORE, s. Glory. Fr.ghire. Doug. 
To GhOMX, e. n. To glory. Doug. 

To, GLORG, V. n. To work in some dur- 

ty bpsiness, Ang. 
GLOao, f. A nasty compound of any kind, 

Gloeoie, aty. Glorgii, part pa. BcdaulK 

ed, from being engaged in dirty woiic* 

or travelling in a miry road, Ang. 
GLOSE. GLOIS, i. 1. A blase, S. 

S. The act of wanning one's self at a 

quick fire, & PkiUHut. 

Germ, gfavx, Isl. ghue, flamma. 
To Gloss, Glosi, r. n. To blase, S. 
GLOSS, s» Perh. the same with Glusb. 

GLOTTEN, *. A thaw, S. A. 
To GLOUM, GLOOM, v. n. To frown, 

S. Germ, glum, turbidus. Knot. 

Gloum, Glowme, Gloom, «. A frown. 

Z* JSoyd* 

To GLOUR, GLOWR, v. n. To sUre, & 

Belg. glurr-en, .to peer. Dunbar, 

Glour, «. A broad stare, S. Penneeuil. 

To GLOUT,v.m. To pout SirJ.Sindair, 

IsL ghit-a, indignanter snbridere; 

gleti-a, irritare. 
GLU, u A glove, S. B. Wyniown. 

Goth, gloa, id. 
To GLUDDER, (pron. gluther) v. n. I. 

To do any dirty work, or any work in a 

dirty manner, S.B. V. Gloit. 

2. To carry on in a faceUous, but low 

and ogoling style. Dtinbar. 

IsL giutr-a, prodigcro ; glutrun, vita 

GLUBDEar, GLoiTtar, at^. Denoting work 

which is not only wet, but unctuous to 

the touch, S.B. 
To GLUFF, V. n. V. Guff. 
GLUGGERY, adj. Flaccid; appUed to 

young and soft animal food, Ang. 
To GLUNSH, v.n. To pout, S.; glumsh, 

Fife. Isl. glenska, jocus mordaz. Bums. 
GLuysB, s. A sour look, S. Bums. 

GlukschociI, s. One who has a morose 

look. Dunbar, 


2b GLUMT, v. n. Xd mdttpuAh Aug. 

V. Glint. 
GLUP£, s, A great chmsm, CaitbiL 

Staiut. Ace. 

' Id. gUtif-r, hiatuii per quern pracipi- 

tantor Oumina. 

GLUSH, s. Any thing in the state of a 

pulp ; Boow, when beginning to melt, S> 

GLUTTRE', s. Gluttony. ITaUace. 

To GNAP, V. «. To chirpb Fid. Hon. 

Teut. knapp-en, crepitare. 
To GN AP, 0. a. To eat, S.B. V. Gmyp. 
Gkap, t. A bite, S.B. Bon. Ezprenive of eager- 
ness. itoM. 
IsL gnap-Of intentus intueri. 
To GNAP, V. K« 1. To attempt, S.B. 

Gl. 8/ivT. 
9. To bite at MeUvUCs MS. 

GNARR, <. A hard knot in wood, & 

Teut. knorre, id. 
To GNAT, 9. a. 1. To gnaw, Aug. 
S. To grind the teeth, Ang. 
Isl. gnat a, collidi- 
Gmat, t. A bite, a snap, Ang. 
GNIB, a4;. I. Clever in motioD or action, 
&B. Jtou. 

S. Ligbt-fingered, S.B. 

Su.G. knappe, citus; knappkaendig, 
qui manupromptus est; Dan. knibe, are- 
te tenere. 
To GNIDGE, o.a. 1. To press, to squeeze, 
& Poemt Buchan DiaL 

IsL knot-a, to thrust; Teut. knudt^ 
en, to beat. 

2. To knidge aff, to rub off, S.B. Bou. 
GNEIGIE, mO'. Sharp-witted, Moray. 
V. Kmackt. "Pop, Ball. 

To GNYP, GNIP, GNAP, v.a.U To 
crop, to gnaw. Xhuglat. 

Getm.kneipp-ens IsL*fiyp.o, vellere. 
2. Toeat, S.B. 
GNIPPER poa GNOPPER, an alliter- 
atiTe phrase used to expnss the sound 
made by a mill in grinding. Pop. Ball. 
Su.G. knaepp-ay to knap. 
GOADLOUP. «. The gantelope, a mili- 
tary punifjiment. Wodrow* 

Sw. gatfdopp, id. 



GO AN. $. A wooden dish ibr 

Ulgogn, utensiUa familiaria. 
GOARE. 1. A hurt, a wound. 

Ca^orpus. Bp.For^et, 

GOAT, «. A narrow cafcm or inletp ial» 
wliich the sea enters, Ang. 

Isl. gioota, csvenu teme; gat, Ibim- 


GOAT.CHAFFEB, «. Ceimmbys aedi- 

Itf- SMabL 

7V»GOAV£,o.n. V. Goir. 

GOB, t. The mouth. Ir. g<A. Cakr.rirh, 

S. The stomach, & gehbie. MaklandP, 

GOBICH, t, The^o^y. afish. Stat. Ace. 


Gael goehdnumt a watchman. Martinm 

GODBAIRN£,<.GoddiUd. Lyndm^ 

A. S. godbeam, puer liistricus. 
To GOGGE. p. a. Toblindlbkl. Z. Btgd. 
GoaoLBs, s.pU Blinds for hoiseib & 
GOE, GEU, ». Acreek. V. Gbo. NeiB. 
GOUP, V. 1. To stare, to gase^ to look 
with a roTing eye, S, Gawve, A. Bor. 
2. To investigate. Dougtasi 

S. To look stadlkstly, holding up the 
fiiee, aB. Burnt. 

4. To throw up the head, tossing it from 
side to side, & 

Germ, gaff-en, adspectare* S^gap^Of 
aride intueri. Id. gap' a, cifcnmqpicere. 
GOLACH, 1. 1. The generic name for a 
beetle, Ang. 
2. The earwig. Loth. 
Gtiehforckar'gollacht id. 
low short- legged hen ; alro a woman of 
a similar shape, S.B. From the ▼. go, 
tokdlaiirk, low. 
GOLDING, i. A apedes of wild fowl. 

ActsJa. VT. 

GOLDSPINK, «. The Goldfinch, & 

ffoudspink. Lyndsay. 

GOLF, GOFF, GOUF, s. 1. A game 

in Scotland, in which hooked clubs ai« 

used for striking balls, stuffed very hard 

with feathers, from one hole to another. 


H« who drives fab l»U into tfa* hole 
with fewest strdket, is the winner. 

Adi Ja. IL 
Belg. kolf, ft club for striking bowls 

8. Gmtf, ft stroke, a A, NicoL 

GOLINGER, t. A contemptuous teim, 

Duinfr. V. Gomtvovwu 
IsL goeUngoTf illeoebne. 
OOLIN YIE, t. Apparently, ft subterfuge. 

V. preceding word. Colvii. 

GOLK, t. Cuckow. V. Gouck. 
GOLKGALITER, s. Some kind of dis« 

eese. RouiL 

Gcfm. kokeih eromere^ and A.S. 

GOME, GUTM, t. A man ; sometimes, • 

fanve man. WaUace. 

Moes.G. guma, vir, A.SbgMio, Yir 

Goao-oBAiTHB^ f. Furniture for war. 


stupid fellow, S. Ramtay, 

Fr. goMiprs, one who minds nothing 

but bis belly ; IsL gambr^, Uaterare, 

To GOO, V.M. To coo ; a t«m used with 

respect to infants, & 
C.B. ciiow, to be loving. 
To GOOD, 6UDIN, o. a. To manure. 

V. GtfOB. 
GOODMAN, «. 1. A ptoprieCor of land, 

& V. GuDB, aty. sense S. MeMUe. 

9. Tlie owner of a single farm which he 

himself occupies. Bp, GoUoway. 

5. A farmer, & INcnw. 

4. A husband. V. GunncAir. 

5. Themasterofalkmily, & Dunbar. 

6. Equivalent to fiMn. JTing Hart. 

7. A jailor. Wodroim. 

8. By inverrioD, tfab dedgnation baa 
been given to the devil AmoU 

GOOG, J. 1. Ao unfledged bud, Ang. 
S. Very young meat, that has no fiim- 
nesB, Ang. A.S. geoguih, youth. 

GOOL, GULE, a4j. YeUow. Dunbat. 
A.& geolu, guvi, Su.G. gui; id. 

To GOOSE, V. a. To lion linen dothi, 
S. from ft tailor's goe«ff. 


GOOSE-CORN, «. Field Bfome-graMb S; 

Sw. gaat'kafre, i. e. goose-oats. 
GORBACK, s. A sort of rampart, Orkn. 
IsL gioT'Ot facere, and balkr, strues. 
GORBET, 5. 1. A young bird, S.B. 

2. Metaph., ft child, Ang. V. Garb. 
GORBY, <. A raven, & corby. Douglau 

Norw. gorp, Isl. gorbor, id. 
To GOBBLE UP, v. a. To swallow with 
eagerness, Loth. Banuay. 

OoRuiMo, GoRUiio,«. An unfledged bird* 
S., gorbelt Moray. Manuay^ 

2. A very young person, Lotb. id. 
GOR-COCK, 1. The red cock, or moor- 
cock. Bunu^ 
GORDON, 1. A wild fowl V. Goldimg. 
GORDS, s. pi. Lands now waste, that 
had fbrmerly been cultivated, Orkn. 
Su. O.gordf sepimentum, area clause. 
GORE, «. Hardened rheum from the 

eyes, & V. Gaas. 
GORE, t. A strip of dotb. V. Gair. 
GORFY, ai(f. Having a coarse appear- 
ance, Ang. 
To GORGE, o. n. Expressing the sound 
made in walking, when the shoes are 
filled with water, Fife. V. Cmax. 
GORGE'. Not understood. Dunbar, 

GORGOULL, s. Pethaps, harpy. Burel. 
To GORL, V. o. To suiround tho roof of 
a stack with straw-ropes. Loth. 
Su. G. giord-a, dngere. 
GORMAND,!. A glutton. Fr. Lyndsay. 
GoBMAxn, adj. Gluttonous, id. 
GORMAW, S. GOULMAW, «. 1. The 
corvorant. Comptaynt & 

2. A glutton, Lanerki. 

Teut. gorref valde avarus^ nui^ff 
stomachus ; Sw. gorma, to ^gobble up. 
GOSK, s. Grass growing through dung, 

GosKT, a4f. 1. Rank, luxuriant, Ang. 
2. Large in rise, but feeble. Ibid. 
IsL groska, gramen vemans. 
GOSSk f. I. A rilly good-natured man, 
S. Bamtay. 

2. A mean, griping person. Loth. 

IsL gojf, servulus. Fr. gpsUe^ one 
who is made a laughing-stock. 


GOSSE, <. AUirev. of ^ottip* PkUatuu 
GOSSEP, GOSSOP, t. Gosaip. WaUace. 
A.S,godnb, Su.G. guduf, lustricus; 
from God and fifr» one related bj a reli- 
gious tie. 
GossiPRiE, s. Intimacy. MeUvUTi MS, 
GO-SUMMER, i. The latter end of 
summer, S. Spalding. 

GOT, GOTE, t. A drain, & 

Belg. gote, geuie, id. So.G. gnU-a, 
GOUD, <. Gold, S. Teut. JEamjoy. 

GOUDSPINK, t. V GoLosnvK. 
GOUDIE, s. A blow, Ang. 

lal. gild, pugna. 
To GOVE. V. GoiP. 
GoTCLLiN, ;>arf. o((;. Hanging loosely 
and ungracefully, Ang. 
2. Indicative of the appearance of the 
eyes, when one is intoxicated, Ang. 
From Goi/t q. ▼• 
GOUERNAILL, i. Government, Fr. 

GOVIRNANCE, 1. Deportment 

To GOUK, V. 11. 1. To gaze about in a 
vacant or foolish manner, Ang. 
2. To expect foolishly. Douglas. 

Germ, gack-enf spectare, prospectare. 
GOUK, «.The Cuckow. V. Gowk. 
GOUK, r A fool. V. Gowk. 
To GOUL, V. fi. 1. To howl, & 2)<mg. 
a. To scold, Lanerks. 

Isl. god-a, gaul^a, bonendum triste 
c^ inconditum vociferare; gaW, talis 
GouL, «. 1. A yell, S. 

S. A cry of indignation, S. 
GovLiiTG, 1. The act of yelling. Douglas. 
GOULE, «. The throat. Dougfa*- 

Fr.guenk, id. 
GOULL-BANE, s. That bone which is 

the top of the femur, &B. 
T» GOUP, V, n. To store. V. Goir. 
J. The hollow of the hand, contracted in 
a semicircular form to receive any thing, 
S. B. Goupins, both hands held toge- 
ther iu form of a round vessel, S. Jiomsoy. 


S. A bandftil, & ; also «Mipai/biir. 

IsL gttupn, So. G. goepn, nanus oon- 

GOUPHERD, Puffed. Waisan. 
Pr« gauffr-er, to adorn a garment with 
GOURDED,fNirf.a4f.Gofged; applied 
to water when pent up, S.B. V. Gows. 
'GOURI£,« Garbage of salmon, Abeid. 
Isl. gor, gorr, sanies. SIpalding. 

GOURL. V. GuaL. 
GOUSTT, a4f, I. DesoUtte, dnary, S. 


S. Ghostly, pratematuraL Pop.BalL 

O. Fr. gast, wasteness, guast^ert to de. 

GOUSTROU& tt4j. 1. Dark, wet, stotmy, 
Dumfr. Isl. giostr, ventus fiigidiia. 
S. Frightful, ibid. 
GOUTHERFOW, a^j. Having the ap- 
pearance of astonishment ; staring wild- 
ly, Ang. 

IsL galldr, incantatio, q. gaUdur^utt, 
under the power of incantotion. 
GOW, s. A halo ; a cloudy, colourless cii^ 
cle surrounding the disk of the sua or 
moon, Ang. ; 6nigA, synon. 
Isl. ^i;^ parelion. 
GOW, t. Totakthe gow, to ran 4»ff with- 
out paying one*s debts, Ang. 
O. Teut. gouw, a country. 
GOWAN, f. 1. The generic name for 
daisy* S. Brand* 

2. Singly, it denotes the mountain daiij, 
. S. Gael. gugaUf a daisy. Bums* 

£w»-oowAK, t. The common daisy, S.B. 
probably from the ewe, as being frequent 
in pastures, and fed on by sheep. 
HoasE-GOWAN, s. The Leontodon, the Hy* 

pochaeris, and the Crepis, S. 

Ykllow-qowaii, In S., denoting difiersnt 

species of the Ranunculus, the Marrii 

marigold, and Corn marigold. /2amjay« 

GoWAKY, a4j. Abounding with daitac^ S. 


GO WAND, s. Apparently, equivalent to 

^ttii^ man. Benrysone* 

A.S. goweuf tyrocinium ; ^ in a state 

of apprenticeship. 


GOWBIE. Heth o'ergow^, bj/psf-^hany, 

S. JSums. 

GOWDT, «. A jewel Evergrtm^ 

Cbauoer, Gaudee* FV. 

To GOWFF, V. a. To ftrike, & Ititwm. 

GOWINIS, «. pi. Gowns. Benrysone. 

GOWK, GOUK» «. A fuoU a Bamtay. 

Franc, goucht stolidui, Germ, gauch. 

GowKrr, Gauckit, Gucut» /Mrf* «<(;. 1. 

Foolish, & I^ndsay, 

2. Light ; applied to young n'omeo. 

GowKiTUR, adv. Foolithly. Maitland P, 
GOWK, GOLK, <. The cuckoo, S.^|oii^ 
too, &B. goek, Stirling^ Dunbar, 

Su. G. goek, Isl. gouk'T, id. 
Gowk's sbrako, A fool's efrand, S. To 
hunt the gowkt lo go on a fool's errand. 
Gowx's-Hosi, s. Canterbury bells, S. 
GowkVmxat, <. Wood sorrel, S. 

GowK's-srrrrLi, Hie frothy matter fre- 
quently seen on the leaves of pbmti, S. 
GO WL, s. A hollow between hills, Perths. 
Mutes ThrtHodie. 
IbI. gaulf any diasm or aperture. 
GOWLIS» t,pL Gules, in Heraldry. 

GOWP, t, A mouthful ; E.guljp. Pkiioi, 
GRABBLES, t. pt. A disease of cows, 
in which all their limbs become cmy, 
GRACE DRINK, The drink taken by 
a company, after the giving of thanks aC 
tfie end of a meal, S. Encyc. Brit, 

To GRADDAN, e. a. To prepare grain 
by soorching the ears, S. BoswelL 

Su.G. graedd'U, igne torrere^ Gael. 
graed-ofttt id. 
GnADnAW, «• 1* Grain burnt out of the ear, 

S. That kind of snuflTwhich is common- 
ly called bran, as consisting of large 
grains, S. Gael, greadan, siiulF. 
GRAF, GRAWE, *. A grave. Loth. 
graf. Stat. WiU. 

A.S. graef^ Alem. grawt, id. 
GRAGGIT,;7ar/.jia. Excommunicated. 


GRAY, a4j. Denoting what is bad or fib- 

tal, & Edty. 

GRAY FISH,s. Hie coal fish. Stat. Ace. 
To GRAIF, GRAWE, o. a. To bury. 

A.S. graf-aut Su.G. be-grafw^, id. 
To GRAYF, e-a. To engrave. Dou^Ua. 
GRAYLORD, i. Hie Coal fidi full 

grown. Butrtuu 

To GRAINE, GRANE, v. n. 1. To 

groan, S. Douglat* 

A. S. gran^Uant Belg. gran-€n, id. 
OaAiNi, GaAME, t. A grmm, Si C&r. Kirk. 
GRAIN, GRANE, $. 1. The branch of 

a trce^ &B. JcUJa. VI. 

S. The stem of a plant Daugfa$. 

5. A branch of a river, S. Douglas. 

4, In pi., the prongs of a fork, & 

8u. G. gren-a, IsL grem^Of divldwe ; 
grein, distinctio. 
GRAINTER, s. One idio baa the charge 
of granaries. Lyndsay. 

Fr. grenetier, id. 
To GRAIP, v.a. i. To grope, & 
A.S. grapMin, id. 

5. To feel ; in generai Lyndsay, 
GRAIP, GRIP, «. The grifln. SureL 

Goth, gre^ff a ravenous bird. 
GRAIP, J. A dung fork, & Btams. 

Su. G. grepe, id. 
2\> GRAITH, GRATHE, o. o. 1. To 
make ready, S. DougUu. 

S. To put on militaiy acco u trements 


3. To dress food. Chaim. Air. 
A. S. geraed'tan, panure ; IsL grekt^a, 

GaARH, a<(/. 1. Ready. Barbour. 

2. Not erobarrasaed. WaUace. 

5. Straight, direct. RTaiZBML 

4. Earnest ; as to observation. WaUace. 
GaAiTH, r. 1. Apparatus of whatever kind, 

5. geavf synon. Douglas. 
House-graith, Furniture of a house, S. 
Maitter-graitht The beam by which, 
hones are joined to a plough or har- 
row, Ang. 

JUding-gratth, Furniture necessary for 

riding, S. Bums. 

2. Accoutrements for war. Lyndsay. 



5. Substnnoe, riches. PkUoius. 

4. Wearing apparel Chalm. Air. 

5. Any oompositkm uied by tradomen 
in preparing their work* Chalfn. Air. 
6* Sud& for washing glotbcSiS. Ranuay. 

7. Stale urine, Ang. 

8. Materials of a literwy composition. 
A.S. ge^raede, apparatus. Oouglat, 

GaAiTRLT, adv. 1. Readily. Barhour. 

2. Eageriy. houghs. 
GRAM, «. 1. Wrath. Police Honour. 

A.& Su.G., 

3. Sorrow. A.S. id. molestia. Dotig. 
Cram, ac{f. Warlike. GawanandGol. 

Su.G. gremf A.S. grame, iratus. 

GRAMARYE, s. Magic 

£oy LoMt Minstrel. 
Fr. grammairet grammar. 

GRAMASHES, <. 1. Goiten reaching 
to the knees. 

S. A kind of stockings worn instead of 
boots, S. Ft. gamaches, id. Cslvil. 

GRAMMAW, «. A ▼oradous eater, S. 
V. GoaMAw. 

GRANATE, GRANIT, a^j. Ingrain- 
ed. PaUee Honour. 

GRANDGORE, s. V. Glcnooub. 

GRANDSHER, s. Great-grandfather. 
Q^on. Ati. 

GRANGE, s. I. The buildings pertain- 
ing to a com fann. Douglas. 
S. Hie place where the rents and tithes 
of religious houses, paid in gndn* were 
delivered and deposited. Ntmmo, 
Fr. grange, id. 

GRANIT, |Mrr«.ai(r\ Forked. V. Grain. 

GRANK, s. The groaning of a wounded 
hart. Belg. geronk, a snoring. 

GRANZEBENE, s. The Gnmpian 
mountains in & Beilenden. 

To GRAP, GRAPE, o. o. 1. To grope, 
S. A.S. ^rop-^n, id. Bums. 

2. Meuph. to eiamine. Bougfas. 

GRAPPLING, A mode of catching sal- 
mon, S. Statist. Ace. 

GRA PUS, s. The deril, or a hobgoblin* 


Fr, graisteuxt gretsy ? J>unbar, 


Tf GRATHE, v. a. To make ready. T. 

GRATHING, L. gruehing. WaOace. 
GRATINIS. L. gnKtta, gracious. HouL 
GRATNIZXED, part. pa. QuUled. 

Fr. gratigni, scratched. Watson* 


V. n. To rustle. DougjUu. 

Fr. gresill-ert to crackle. 
GRAVIN, GRAWYN, Interred. V- 

GaAiF, V. 1. 
GRAUIS s. pL Groves. Dongio*. 

A.S graf, lucus. 
GRAUNT, aty. Great. Barbour. 

GRE, GREE, ^ 1. A step. PaL Hon. 

S. Degree, quality. JDougfas. 

S. The superiority. HoulaU. 

2\> ufyn the gree, to be victor, S. 

4. llie prise. 

To bear the gre, to carry off the prise, & 

5. Vogue, celebrity. Gl. Shirr. 

6. Humour. H'inyet. 

7. Degree in measurement BeUendetu 

8. Degree of affinity. Wyntounu 
GRECH ES. V. Perhaps, frets. Sir Gawan. 
GREDUR. s. Greediness. BureL 
To GREE. V. n. To agree, S. Boss. 

Fr. gre-er, id. 
To Ghee, p, a. To reconcile tliose at rsf 

riance, S. 
GREE, s. 1. Tinge, dye. Moss. 

2. The ichor which ooxes from a sore in 

a brute auimal, Ang. 
GREEK, (of stones) s. The grain, & 

Su.G. giy^id. Statist. Ace. 

To GREEN, «. «. To long. V. Gaaxx. 
GREENBONE,*. 1. Viviparous Blen- 

ny, Orkn. Barry. 

2. The Sea-needle. Sibb. 

GREEN BREESE, A stinking pool 

GREEN LINTWHITE, Greenfinch, S. 
GREEN SLOKE, Oyster green, & 
GREGIOUN, s. A Greek. Dougfas. 
GREY, t. A badger. JRng*s Quair. 

GREY. <. A greyhound. V. Gaxwx. 
GREYD,;Kirf.;Ni. Graduated. Wyntowru 
GREIF, «. 1. A fault Dougfq$. 

2. Indignation for offences; Jd. 


CREIF, GRIEVE, t. 1. A monitor. 


2. The nwiiager of a fiurm, or overseer 

of any worlds. i%%> 

O.Teut graef, praefectus, A.S. ^. 

refa, praeset. 

To GREIN» v. n. To long. V. Gaavx. 

GREIS, «. p/. Grearea. Wallace, 

Fr. grtvetf id. 
To GmMvt, Gerb, Gkest, v. n. To weep, 
to cry, S. Barbour, 

Moei. G. gret'on. So. G. graet-Ot Aere. 
GaaiT, Ganx, GaRixo, «. The act of 
weeping & DougjUu, 

GREKING, GRYKING, i.^eep of 
day, & V. Caan. Douglas, 

GRENDES, <. pi, Grandeet. Sir Gawan, 
To GRENE, GREIN, o. n. I. To long 
ft>r, S. Evergreen, 

2, To long, as a woman with child, S. 
A. S. geom-an, deaderare. Jtud4matu 
Gbeximg, GaxiNZMo, s, 1. Longing, S. 

9. Tlie object of this longing. Montgom, 
GRENE-SERENE, t. The Green- 
finch. Complayni 8, 
GRESSOUME. V. Gxrsomi. 
GRETE, s. Gravel in rivers. Douglai, 
A.S. greot, Su. G. gryit Isl. griott id. 
GRETE, «. A stair. Teut. graet. Wallace, 
Greatly. Barbour, 
GREUE, t. A grove. Sir Gawan, 
GREW, I. A greyhound, gru, S. 


GREWE, t. 1. Greece. Henrytone, 

2, The Greek language. Douglas, 

O.Fr. grm, id. 

GREWING, s. Grievance. Barbour, 

GRI EC E, s. Gray griece, a fur worn hy 

the Lords of Parliament ^Acts Jo, II, 

Germ. gmSf grey. 

G RI ES, <. Gravel. Paliee Sonour, 

Germ. gries» id. 
GRIESHOCH, s. Hot embers, Ayra. 

Gael, griosach. Minstrelsy Border, 
GRIEVE, s. An overseer. V. Gazip. 
To GaiEVc, 9. a. To oversee, S. Pal. Hon, 
To GRYIS, GRISE, v. a. To afiVight. 
A.S. ogrU-ttHt horrere. 


To Cmum, V, n. To shudder. Dou^as* 
GRYKING, <.Peepof day. V. Gexkuig. 
To GRILLE, 9. a. To pierce. Sir Gawan. 
GRYLLE, «<(;. Horrible. Sir Gawan, 
GRYLLEa s, pi. Sir Gawan, 

GRILSE, GILSE, <• A salmon not fbl- 
ly grown, by some viewed as a distinct 
species, & Stat. Rob, I, 

Sw. graelax, id. q. a grey salmon. 
GRYMING, s. A sprinkling, a thin co«. 
vering, S.A. liinsi, Bord, 

IsL gryma, noz a pruina. 
GRYNTARIS, s,pl. V. GaAixm. 

GRYPPIT, pret. Searched. Dougfau 
Gaip, s, Pomemion. Gawan and GoL 

GaiPFT, at^. Disposed to de£iaud, S., avanis. 
GaimLL, adj. Tenacious. DougUu* 

GRIS, GRYS, GRYCE, i. A pig, & 
griskin, Aug. Su. G, gryt, td. Doug, 
To GRISE, GRYSE. V. Gans. 
To GRISSILL, V. a. To gnash. Doug. 
G RIST, :#. Thickness, 8, Stat, Ace. 

GRIST, s. Fee paid at a mill for grind- 
ing, S. Buddman, 
A.S. ge-^ris-an, contundere. 
GRIT, GRYT, adj. 1. Gnat, S. &B. 
griie. Boss. 
2. Large, big, & Burei. 
S. Thick, gross, 8. Dunbar. 

4. In asute of intimacy, S. Bamsay. 
A. S. grith, Isl grid, pax. 

5. Swelled with niin, S. Sliding. 

6. The heart is said to be^, when one 
is ready to cry, S. Minst. Bord. 
Grit- hearted, a^f. used in the same senses 

GRIT, s. The grain of stones, S. Si. Ace. 

C. B. id. lapis areoosus. 
GRYTH, s. Quarter in batdft Wallace. 
GKOATS, Oats with the husks ta. 

ken off, & A,S. grut, far. JTeUy. 

GROFF, atf;. 1. Having hanb features, & 

S. Unpolished, S. Watson. 

Teut grof, rudis. 

5. Obscene, smutty, S. 

A man. JT. JSTorli 

2. Paramour, lover. V. Goms. JEvcrgr. 


CROOSIE, a((^ As ngardiog the fiice ; 
having a coarae duo» with a greasy ap. 
peatmncr, S. Belg..grwya^, nasty. 
GROSE. 8, Style of writing. Doug. 

^ Fr. grosser eogrossment of a deed. 

To GROSE, V. a. 1. To rub off the wiry 
edge of a tool. Loth. 
2, To rub off part of one's skin, ibid. 
Dan..^tti«tt-er,to bruise. 
A gooseberry, S. Burnt* 

GaeL growidf Su. G. krutbaert id« 
GROSSE. In gros$e, At random. 

Muten Thren, 
To GROUE, GROWE, v.«i. 1. Toshod. 
der, to shiver, S. groote. Loth. 

2. To be aUed with terror. Jilar6otir. 

3. To shrink back. ffoulaie. 

4. To feel horror, & Barbotir. 
Teut. grouw^ii, Dan. gm^er, honrere. 

Gaousux,«4/. 1* Frightful, S. 

2. Veiy uncomely, S. ifitnif. 

Gerau graumm, dreadftd, ghastly. 
GROUF, GRUF, s. Ilie disturbed sleep 

which one has during sickness, S. 
To GROUK, v.n. To overlook with a 

watchful and apparently suspicious eye, 

Ang. Teut. ghg and roeek^en, curare. 

To grunt. Ruddiman. 

8. To grumble, S.R JJougUu. 

O. Fr. groncJk^er, id. 

sel. S. 
GROUNDS. $.pi. Refuse of flax, Loth. 
GROZLIN, part. a^. Breathing with 

difficulty through the nose, Fifew 
GRU, t. The crane. Fr. grue. BvreL 
GRU, «. 1. A particle, an atom, & 

2. Applied to the mind. He hat na a 

gru ofteute, S. 

Gr. y^v, quiojuid mtnutum est. 
To GRUB, v. a. To plant, or toprunft 
Moes.G. grab-an, fodere, pret^roA. 
To GHUCH. V. n. To grudge. Wyniotun. 
Grvcminc, Growch, t. Repining. WaUoce* 
GRUFE, GROUFE. On groufey flat, 

with the face towards the earth. To be 

on one's grv/e* to be in this manner; S. 
Isl. gruf-a, cemoaie; agrufwof cer. 


DUe ; Uggia a grujut in feciein et peelnt 
GauFKLTMpis, GavuKois, ado. In a gro- 
velling attitude. Dougfas. 
To GRUGGLE, v.a. To put any thing 
out of order by much handling, So V. 
GRUGOU& adj. Grim. V. Gmuoos. 
GRUME, t. A man. V. Gaoics. 
GRUMMEL, J. Mud, dregs, Ang. 


IsL grand, coenum, turbida aqua; 

Su. G. grummel^ id. 

GauMLT, a4f. Muddy, dreggy, Ang. Gum^ 

tie,&,0. StuG. grmuiogf id. BwmM, 

To GRuMPH. o. n. To grunt, & 

Su. G. grymt-^, id. 
GauMFH, t. A grunt, & 
Gauvpuis, t. A vulgar name for a sow, 8L 
GRUNDIN,|>afl.|». Whetted^ old part. 
ofgrind. Dou^Lat. 

GRUNYE, «. Promontory. Barbour. 
O.Fr. grcigHt pronKmtoire, Roquet 
GRUNTIE, t. 1. The mouth, ludicrooft. 
]y, S. Buddiman. 

Fr. grmnt the snout ; IsL groim, os 
et nasus. 

2. A grunt. J)mnhar. 

GRUNTim GRUNTLE. «. 1. Tha 
snouL Lyndtay. 

2. The face in general. S. Butns. 

To GRUNTLE, v. n. To coo, as into|a» 
when highly pleased, S. 

O.Fk*. grondil-er, murmurer. 
GanKTLx, t. 1. The sound made by in- 
fants, & 

2. A grunting sound of any kind, S. 
To GRUNTSCH. V. Grodncb. 
GRUOU$, GRUGOU8.<. Grisly. && 
V. Gkous. Journal Land. 

GRUP£» J. A hollow behind the stalls at 
horses or cattle, for receiving their dung 
and urine^ S» 

A. S. groepe, a small ditch. 
GRUPriT,par<. Spnuned, SB. 
To GRUSE, 0. o. To press, Fife. 
Germ, grut-en, oomminuerew 
GRUSHIE, Of thriTiqgpowtlw Ayn, 


Tent gn$tiigk, amplot, Flandr. 
gtoeaCf Tigor. 
ORUTTEN, peut, ptu Cried, & V. 
Grkit. * Homtay* 

To GRVZZm^n. To mow Ura lips as 
if one were iXivkiDg, so as to articulate 
indlstinctlj, Iwdi. V. Gauat. 
GUBERT, mf,. Widi'wmtfaed flgurei. 
FV. guipure, wreathed work. WatMiu 
To GUCK, o. fi. To trMa. Uoutgomene. 

Teut gui^gk^en, nugari. 
GucKVT, adj. Foolish. V. Gowxvr. 
GiTcaau, s. Foolishnea. Fkiloius* 

GUD» t, 1. SubsUncA Wallace. 

8. ProTisionfl. Wdilaee* 
6UD, GUDE, at^j. 1. Good, & 

9. Brave. Sa.G. ^, id. Wyniawn, 
9. WelUKirii. & mOiace. 

Moes.G. gwdi, Akn. g^oi, So.G. 
goti% nooiiN. 

4. In composition, denoting the tarloua 
relatiolM of blood or alliance* 
Guo^BftOTHBB, «. Brother-in-law, 8. 

Mttntt Bora* 
GimnAMV, «. Grmndmothcr. 8L Wyniovm* 
GoD-oocHTia, «. 1. Daughter-in-law, S. 
4. A ftep-dMghter, & 
GtrratAN, «. A Irasband, 6. ifoif. 

GuiHPAOKa, s. 1. Father-iii»1aw, 6. 

9. A stepfiither, S» 
GDD•M0DEJ^ 4. 1. Mother-in-law, S. 


2. A fltflp^molher, & BdUndetu 

GuD-sra, GuD-scma, ChrasBta, (pron. 

gaUker) s. A gnmdfathft S. fTyntowu 

GuDsisTca, «. A sisler-in-law, 8. 

GoD-soNi,«. 1. Son-in-law, S. Zhuglas, 

9. A stap-son, SL 
GUD, GUDE, g. Used fbr the name of 
Goth. guiU id. traced to gud, bonus. 
To GUDDLE, v. a. To mangle, to hag- 
gle, S. Fr. couleU, slaughtered. 
To GUDE, GUID. GOOD, v.a. To ma- 
nure; also gudin, Monroe, 
Su. G. gocd-a, stercorare. 
GuDiN, GooDiKG, s, Mauure, S. Brand. 
GUDELIIIED, 5. Beauty. JT. duair. 


A.S. ^tfdiic, pukber, and had, 
GUDGET,#. 1. AtrulL PhH<itus. 

Ft* goyjate, id. 
9. A servant attemlingthecamp. RoUoch 
GUDGIE, at^ Short and thick, a 

Fr. gn^ dniliy. 
GUDLINIS, t. Base metal miied ille- 
gally with gold. Lywdsay. 
I. Liberal, Sb WaUon. 

8o« O. gtdwUigt beoevolos. 
9. Cordial Jruma. 

Isl. godvilUe, spoataneos. 
GUEED, o^*. Good, S.B. Boa, 

GoRBs. f. pL Goods, S. B. Bos$> 

GUEDE, i. No guede, not a whit. 

Fr. ne goute, nothing. Sir TViJinm. 
GUBST-HOUSE, «. A place of enter- 
uinment. A.S. geti-huitid, Buikerfifrd. 
GUFF, <. A savour, a smell, S. 

Isl. gufa, vapor. 
GUFF. GOFP, «. A fool, GL SibU 

Vr. goffe, id. % liL gufa, vappa, ho- 
mo nihili. 
Gums, oftf. Stupid, foolish, & 
GUFFER, «. Viviparous blenny. mthaid, 
GUHtT. L. Gthy*. pret. Hid, 

A.& gekyt, occulut WoUace. 

GUIDE-THE-FIRE, apoker, Fii^. 
GUIDE-TH&OATE, a halter for a 

horse Dumfl'. 
GUIDESHIP, a. Usage, & B. JZoji^ 
GUIDON, f. A standard. Fr. Qodtcroft, 
To GUIK. V. Goer. X. HaOet. 

GUILDE, GOOL, t. Com marigold, & 

Oule», S.B. Su.G. guL got, yellow. 
GooL RIDING, t. Riding throogb a parish^ 
to observe the growth of guild, and to 
fine the ne|»Iigent farmer, SL Stat. Ace, 
OUKKOW, *. The cuckow. V. Gowc. 
GUK9TON OLAIKSTON, a contemp. 
tuous designation expressive of the com* 
bination of folly and vain-glory. Jfnor* 
From ^010^, a fool, waAglaiks, the on- 
stable reflexion of rays of light 
GUL BOW, f. Intimacy, Orkn. 

Isl. giUdt sodalitiura, and 6o, incola. 
GULE, adj. Yellow. V. Gool. 
To GULLER, p.n. To guggle, S.; hyU 
ler, synon. Sw. kolr-a, id. 


O.Pr. kaequbutg a cnct ftwH eroe, 

encheU tbe book by which the trqoe- 

boM WW fixed to a kind of tripod. 

Hagbotab, t. A minqueteer. Compl, & 

HAGE, X. Hagby hedges. WallMe, 

HAGG, s. Ahegbut; dettoaiMtcd from 

the butt being crooked. GL CemfL 

Su.G. hake cnBpit inearra. 

HAGGARBALDS, t. pi. A tern of 

oontempt V. HjBGaBKiAi.D. JhnUtar* 

HAGGART, s, A stackyard, Gaik>way. 

SikG. hage, pimedium; geortf, aepes. 

HAGGART, s. Ohi utelcfls horK^ Loth. 

3b H AGGER. n*s haggenn, it rains 

gently, Ang., whence hagger, a snail 

fwn ; kutherint synon. 

HAGGERDECASH, adv. Topsy-tnr- 

^» Ang. 

Sn.G,kugg'a, to hack, and raos^-a, 
to devour. 
HAGGIES, «. A dish coimnonly made 
in a sheep's raaw, of its hings, heart and 
Kfer, minoed with suet, onkMu, salt and 
pepper ; or of oat-meal, mised with the 
latter, without any animal food, & 
From kagt n> to cfao|k Jhttwur. 

HAICHES, «. Force, &B. V. Hauch. 
HAGMAN, s. A fcller of wood, 8. 
HAGMANE', #. V. Hooxavat. 
HAID, «. Whit. V. Hati. 
3b HAIFF, HAIF, v. a. To hare ; hdt, 
S. JSorbout. 

To HAIG, v.a. To butt, Momy. 

P^nUar StUL 
Id. hiaek^f ferftwe, from hoegg, cae- 
3b HAIK, v.n. To andior. MaiiL P. 

Teot haeek'^nf unco figere. 
To HAIK, V. n. To go about idly from 
place to place, S. 

Perhaps the same with E. hawk* 

3b HAIL» V. a. To hail the ba, at fbot- 

baU. 2b haU the dtUfs, to reach the 

mark. Isl. hilU, tcgo. Chr. Kirk. 

Hail, s. The place where those who play 

at football, or other game% strike olf, S. 

3b HAIL, V. a. To haul, S. CvmpL & 

To HAILk H AL£» v. n. To pour down» 


SL Su.G. hatMof a ffo nderC i Jtast. 
HAILSOME, a^f. WhoiaaMBC^ S. 

Germ. Aobam, id. HamOtmu 

HAILUMLT, a<fr. , Wholly^ &B. ilost. 
3b H AYLY8> HAYLS^ e. a. To haa. 

Su.G. AdMi, safaitarft Wymiomt. 
To HAIMHALD. V. Hamhaia. 
collar, formed of two p i ece s of wood» 
put round the neck ef a wortdng hoiaa 
orox, S. FaNee Honour, 

Tcut hamme koeJkatmme^ mmella. 
3b HAIN, HANE» e. a. To sparer & 


9.Noltoezpend,& Xdfy* 

To Haik, v. fi. To be pennriaos^ & Sams. 

HAiimra. Y. HAMiira. 

3b HAINGLE, «. «. I. To go about 

feebly, S. 

8. To dangle a 

Sw. haengf-Of to langulsb. 
Hamolxs, 9.pL I. Theinfueufla, Ang. 
a. To hoe the hain^ei, to be in a slate 
of flifivt, Ai^. 
HAIP, s. A sloven, Ang. Vifb. A. Doug. 
FerlwpsftomE. Acop^ eumirius; &B» 
prott. hatp. 
HAIR» f. A very small portion^ & 
HAIR, HAR, HARE, adf. 1. Cold. 

9. Keen, biting. Montgomerie.. 
5. Hoist; as in kair^mouid, thai khsi 
of moQidmess which appcan on bieac^ 
he. i and Aajrr rym, hoar-frost 

OMSjKAyiff 0» 

4. Ungratalbl to Ae ear. ffenryoone^ 

5. Hoary, with age. Domgfau 
IsL har, canus; Aor, muoor. 

HAIR8E, s. A lostrs^ S.BL 

Germ, herxet a candle. 
HAIRST, s. Hasfest, & haitt, Mbny. 

Betg. hetfd. Id. hauMtt Dnu hoest, id. 
HAIRT, s. Fleing Bairt. JhrtW. 

HAIR-TETHER, i. A tedier made of 

hair, & 
To HAISTY, 9. a. To hasten. MeOenden. 
HAIT, part. pa. Called. V. Hxt. 
HAIT, f. A wWt V. Hati. 
HAITH, a minced oath, S. A. Vieol. 


HAK£,<. AliMwibrchecMS. V. Haoc. 

ToHALD, r. a. Tobold, &A<uf. Wynt. 

MOCS.G. A. 8. hddim, lal. kaOd^. 

I. To AoM agatHt to resist, 8. 
9; 7b hold by^ to pus* S. 

8« 7>» AoM dbjpii. V. Dati& 

4. 7b AaM gaain, to go on, S. 
Bdg. gaatule houd-eni id. 

5. To AoM nit to supply, & 

6. T9 hold m, not to leak, SL 

7. 7« AoW m, to spare, 8. SpaUSttg* 

8. TV Md in wUh, to cuny favour, S. 

9. 7b hold am, to stopk & 
Sw. haaOa ttUta, id. 

la 2b htiUt tin, to persise in, & 

II. 7b haid to, to keep shot, & 
Sir. haaBa tU, id. 

12. 7b htdd out, to pretend, S. 

19. T6bald out, to extend to tbefull 

flMssore or weignt, 9. 

14. 7b haU vT, to take part with, S. 
To Halo, Had, v. n. To cease^ & 

Halo, Hauld, 9. I. A hold ; S. had. 

S. A habitatioo, S. Dou^$, 

S. A stronghold. Wt^ce* 

Isl. hatdd, 9o.G. haaB»a, tueri. 

4. A possession. 2>»tf^b«. 
Ta HALE, r. «. To poll fbrcftly. 

HALE, HAILL,(i4f. Whole, 8. WaBace. 

ltA,heiB, Su.O. Ae<, totns. 
Hau-waec 1. The whole assortment, S» 
noni woTe, ntercnandise. 

5. The whole company, S. 

Poems Buehan THaU 
HALE, H AILL, ad^. 1. Sound, 8. 

S. VigoroDS, Sw 

Su.G. Ae/, A.S. Hal, sanus. 
Halb-bxdx, a^. Not having even the Mn 
iiijund, 8. B. Poemt Buehan Diaf. 
Haud-skakth, aty. Entirely sound, q. 
without a Mcart or scratdi, S. teaHfree, 
HALF, s. 1. Side. Barbour, 

S. Quarter, coast Barbour, 

3. Part, side. Barbour, 

A. & hadf, pan, osa, tractns. 


HALFLAiroy m{f. Haff-giown. V. Hal- 


HAura-BAO, jw A fpedet of artflleiy. V. 

Halpbb, Haitse, s, Ona who has a moie- 
tyofanytfaing. Rmtha^MU 

To gang kaoers, to be partners, SL 
HALrnroALL, adv. The half. Barbour, 

Tent hotfdeeU dimidla paia^ 
HAxnjir, Halfix, Haaflahg, adj. Not 
Iblly grown, &, q. kaif-Umg, J. Nieor. 
Hauxtimo, Halfukcst Haftuw, Hal* 
tan, adv. Ptartly, & Xm^'s Qiuur. 

Teut halvdingh, dimidiatim; fere, 
Halv-mabbow, s. a husband or wife, S. 
HALT-MAms aaiAAL. V. Hatf-jcamc 
HALr-wrrrss, a^/. Foolish. GL SSbb. 

Isl. kaatfiita, semifatuus. 
HALY,a<(^ Holy. A.aAa%. Wyniown. 
Haltnbs, f. Sanctity. IFyntowtu 

HALY, HALILY,flifo. Wholly. 


HALKRIG, HALKRIK, «. A coiso- 

let BeUendeiu 

Vr, halerei, id. Bcig. haUkraagu, a 


HALLACH*D, adj, Craiy. V. Haz^ 

i, 1. A mud wall, in cottages^ extend- 
iDg from the fbrewall backwards, as far 
as is n eces s a ry to shelter the inner part 
of the honse Ana tiic ahr of the door, 
when it is opened. Spirtwavh synon* 
&B. aam$i^» 

9. JBoBenf a screen. OL Shirr. 

Su.G. haeli, the stone at the thresh* 
HALLAMRAsian, l« A stmdy bqpgMV S.B. 
q. one who sHakeM the AoNsr* 

Journal Lond* 

% A beggariy knave. Polwattm 

Z, One who has a shabby ^ipcaranee. 


HALLAVSHaattLin, «(;. Having a suspi- 

dons appearance, slulbby in dress, & 


H AILST, o. a. To aalote, S. B> 

ComplasftU S. 
Su. 6. heU^a, Alem- heUix-an, to sa- 
lute, from Su.G. hei, A.S. kai, AIcol 
heU, sanus, salvos. 
Haiasimg, Halsiwo, s. SalttlatioD. Jhmg. 
HALLIER, f. Half a year, S.B. V. 

HALLINS^ acfo. Partly, &B. V. Hai^ 


atlj, I. Cruy, S. BtUherfard, 

S. Giddy, harebrained, S» V. Hauoc. 

HALLOWEEN, s. Theerening prcce- 
ding AUhallows, S. 

To HAun HALLowBsif, To observe the 
childish or superstitious rites appropria- 
ted to this evening, & BMmt. 
Uallowksn BLuaB, A fire kindled on 
this evening, by young people, on some 
risiiig ground, S. 
HALOK, atf. Giddy. Dunbar. 

A.S. haeiga, levis, in cons tan s . 
Haxxk?, «. A light thougfatlen girl. South 
of S. GL CimpU^nt, 

HALOW, u A saint W^mmn. 

A.S. halgot sanctus. 

HALS, HAWSE, «. 1. The neck; & 

kas9. BettemdefU 

S. The throat, S. CUiand. 

Z. Any narrow pasBage Douglas, 

A. a Su.G. hols, collum. 

To Hals, Hawse, v.o. Toembimce^ SbB. 

Su.G. IsL hab-oM, amplciari. Doug. 

Hals, «. Embraee, kiss. Dunbar. 

Halsbamb, f. Collar-bone, S. Bilton, 

Halsfamo, «. Pillory* Burrow LL, 

A.& id. 


Haughty. O.Fr. haliain. XhugjUu* 

2. Contemptuous. Wallace. 

Haltahblv, adv. Proudly. Dougfas. 

HALTIR. ffalHr geisHSf peih. beams 

fastened together. Dou^Uu. 

Alem. helie^ compes. 


ALD, adj 1. Domestic S. pron. hai- 

mi&j kaimeilt haimeld. Douglas, 

S. What is one's own. Queii. Au. 


3. Deootiflg the produce of our own 
country, S» 

4. What is made at home ; aa kaiwuk 
daitk, 8. 

5. Vernacular, & JZoauoy. 
Su.G. IsL hemO, propriua ; IsL kd-. 

mUdt proptietates. 

6. Vulgar, &B. Skumer, 
2V Hamald, HatkhaU), v. o. To prove 

any thing to be one*s property, present- 
ly possessed or claimed by another. 

2. To domesticate, Loth. 
Isl. heimil-a, domo recipere. 
Hamald, Hak-uald, s. Borgk of htm^ 
hold, one who becomes surety, that the 
goods bought from the seller shall bo 
safely delivered to the purehasec. 

Su. G. hemiuU^a, cvictionem pracstare* 
ut rem acquisitam quietus poasideat em- 
HAME, HAIM,s. Home, & Wyniounu 

A.S. ham, Stt.G. hen^ domns. 
Hamb-coxb, i. Return. S. Douglas, 

IsL kemkomot domum adventatto. 

Hamb^paeb, «. The removal of a bride 

from her own or her father's house to 

that of her husband^ & ftom kmm and 

fare^ toga 

Hamelt, a/^. Domestic, &e. V. Hamalb. 

Hamblt, Haxlt, a4j* 1. Familiar, Aiend- 

ly, o* Barbour* 

2. Without ceremony, & Wyntown. 

3. Condescending, S. Wallace. 

4. Without refinement, Sb S. Prov. 

5. Easy, not difficult JR. Bruce. 

6. Coarse, not handsome, S. Hogg, 
Su.G. heimlig, Alem. kaimleick, fa- 

Hambunbss, i. Familiarity, S. £ielly» 
HAXKsucKBif, s. The crime of beating or 

assaulting a person witliin his own 

houne; a law term, S. Erskme. 

Su.G. kemsokut id. from kern, and 

soeh'a, to assail with violence; Teut. 

keym^oeck-enf invadere violenler ali- 

cujus doinum. 
Hamksuckbn, adj. Greatly attached to 

one*8 home^ Ciydes. 


Haxiwitb, adv, 1. Homeirard, S.B* 

2. a4f. In the aune ■enie, S. Bon. 
5, s. To the hamewith, having m tenden- 
cy to one's own inteiest, S.B. 

A. 8. ham, leL heim, and A.S. with, 
III. wid, Temii. 

HAMELL, s. Not undentood. CbMT. 

HAM£S» HAMMYS, A collar, & 
V. Haims. Douglas. 

HAMMERFLUSH, s. The ^arks 
which fly iitmi iron when beaten with 
theAofiwiMr, Ang«; ahohammerflaught. 
I«L Jfat, a iplinter. 

HAMMIT» HAMMOT, a^ Plentiful, 
properly applied to com which hai many 
graina on one ttalk, Ang. 

A.& hamod, tectus, q. well corered 

J\> HAMP, v,n. Toitutter, &A. 

Haxp, s. The act of ttattering, ibid. 

To HAMPER, V. a. To confine bygi* 
▼ing little room, S. Dou^Uu. 

Sw. hamp^oMf rei difficili intricatiia 

Ta HAMPHIS, v. a. Toenrround, S.& 

KEL, HOBSHAKLE, v. a. To let- 
ten the head of a hone or oow to one of 
itofore^legs. GLSSbb. 

HAMSCHOCH, «. A ipnin or oontn^ 
lion in the leg, Fife. 

A.& hafHf the hip^ and jAocA, v. to 
To HAM8H, V. n. To eat ▼oracioiialy 

with noiie, Ang. V. Hahsb. 

HAMSTRAM, s. Difficulty, &B. Sou. 

Tent, hamt poplei, gtrtmrn^^n, oohi- 


HAN, pret. Have. Sir Truinnu 

HANCLETH, t. Ande. Zymitay. 

A.S» andeow, id. 
HAND. JDy hand, adv. Over, pas^ S. 
To put by hand, to put atide, S. 

WdU at hand. Active. Bofbour. 

2b put hand in. To put to death. 

Fra kand, adv* Forthwith, l^niviy* 


On/ e^AoiMf, id. S. SirXamdair. 

Spede hand, Make hasten S. Dou^. 

HANoourn, s. pL Manade% S. q. sleeves 
of iron. 

To Havocttfp, 9. a. To manade, S. 

To HANn-VAOT, V. a. 1. To betrotbe by 
joining hands, in order to cohabitation 
befinre marriage. Pitseottie* 

2. To contract in order to marriage. 

A.S. hand'JheU'-tn, fidem dare. 

HAii]>-rAenMa, HAnn-rAsrvTiio, i. Mar- 
riage with the incumbrance of some ca- 
nonical impediment, no^ yet bought oK 
Su. G. hamdfhestning, id. Wyntown. 

Hakd-badaitd, pari. pr. Having in pos- 
session, applied to stolen goods, ^fiiamr. 
Tout, hand-kaoen^ to possess. 

HAXDT-oun, Close grapplinf^ & 

HaNnsxt, s. 1. The first money received 
for goods, 8. 

S. A gift oonfenred at a particular sea- 
son, a 

9. A piece of bread given before break- 
lint, Galloway. 

8o.G. handsod, merdmonii divendi- 
ti primitiae.* 

HAMsaiL MOKDAV, Tho first Monday of 
the New Year, O.S. ; when children 
and servants receive handset, S. 


HANDuSTAFf; a. I. The upper part of 
aflaU, a 

2. A copstellation, supposed to be O- 
rion*s sword. JDou^s. 

HAND-WAIL'D. ai^ Bemaikable ; . 
carsftiUy sdectedt a Bamsay. 

From hand, and isale to chooseu 

HANDWAVINO^ #. A mode of mcn- 
suring grain by stroaking it with the 
hand, a B. Statist. Ace. 

HANDSENYIE, s. 1. A standard, coir. 
tnm ensenyk. Mitt. Jo. Sett. 

2. A token. B. Bruce. 

HAND-WHILE, commonly Hamla- 
wvm, adv. A short time, a A. Gl.Sibb. 

To H ANE, V. a. To sparo. V. Haik. 

Hamimo, Haimiho, s. Hedges^ indosurss. 
Act$Ja. r. 


lRATm% HAinu>, paH. pa, IncloMd, tor- 
itmDded with • hedge. For. Lowes, 
Su. G. kaegn-ot tueri eireumdato sepe^ 
from hag, ■epimeotum. 

piece of wood on whidi hridlet, h«lten» 
&C., are kung^ & A. Gi. Sibb. 

HANGIT-LJKE, 04^ Out of counie- 
Dtnce, S. 

HANYIEL SLTP, A vulgar depend- 
aot, Aberd. V. Sltp. Journal Land, 
Tcut koHgkel, ioiiiethiiig dan^Dg. 

To HANK, V. a. I. To fasten, a Doug. 
8. To tie 90 tight, aa to leave the marlc 
of the cord ; hankie, id. S. Ross, 

Id. hank, a collar, a smal! dMtn. 

Haxx, f. 1. a coil, & J}ougfas. 

8. A Bkain, & 


To H ANSH, H AUNSH, 0. a. To snatch 
at ; applied to the action of a dog, and 
apparently ioclttdlng the idea of the 
noise made by his jaws when he lays 
bold of what is tfarawn to him, & 

O. Fr. AaficA«€r, to snatch at with the 
Hawsb, a. A Holent snatch or snap, 8. 
HANTY, atff, 1. Convenient, a 

01. MAT. 

9. Handsome^ a R, GaUoway. 

IsL heni'-a, decere. 

HANTLE, s. 1. A considerable mimber, 

a hankd* 8 Bw Bamioy. 

t» E^valent to mudi, aB. 

Peeme Buck, DiaL 

Sw. aalaj; number; or 4|. handtalf 

what may be CMmlerf by the hand. 

To HAP, «. a. 1. To cover, in otder to 

conceal, a JtoM. 

8. To eoeer from cold, for defence, a 

lyieMte JPebUMt 

3. To defend liom rain or snow, a 

JL GaBoway. 

4. To scraen from danger in battle. 

Peemt Buck* Dial. 
IsL kiup^r, indusium ; Ayp-ta, In- 
Hap, Havtik, s. A covering of whatever 


kind, a also called aAop-warai. ilonuvy. 
Norw. kaujh, toga. 

7b HAP. t;. n. 1. To hop. a Bamtay. 
8. To halt, a V. Hot. 

Hap, t. A hop. a light leap, a 

Hap- STEP- an'-iowp, Hop^ skip, and leap, 
a i^iinu. 

HAppcrr, a^ Lame, S, JNten. 

HAP.^pren. hawp) e. The fruit of the 
bnar. aB* 

HAPPER, f. Hopper of a mill, S. 

Chahk' Air. 

HAPPsaaAvc, s* The beam oil which the 
hopper rests, a 

HA PPT, ia4}. Luck^, fertnnate, L e. con- 
stituting a good omen, a Statist. Ace. 

HAR, HARE, aaj. CM. V. Ha». 

HAR. OMf 0fAar, out of order. D&ugtat* 
A. S. hearre, Teut harrtt a hinge. 

HARBIN, s. A yonng coal-fish, Oikn. 


HARD FISH, Cod, Ung, ftc, salted and 
dried, a 


small coin of mixed metal or oopper.l'fiojr. 

FV. kartUet small eopper money, na« 

med from Philip le Hardi, who caused 

strike them. 

HARDHEAD, s. A species of sea acor- 
pion. Stbbald. 

HARDIN, HARDTN, adj. Coane ; 
applied to cloth made of hards, pron. 
ham, a Cbmplaynt& 

A. a keordas, stupae, tow*hards. 

HARE, a({f. Rough, shaggy. Wyntown* 
A. a haer, So.G. hoar, pihts. 

HAREFRA, adv. Herefrom. Knox. 

HARESH AW, s, A harelip, a, ancienti^ 
ly harekatt; hareskart, Renfr. RotM, 
From hare, and Isl. ska, a particle de- 
noting separation ; Germ, sckarte, a gap. 

HARYAGE, s. A collective woid ap- 
plied to hones. Wyntown, 
0.¥r. karaz, l^B. karaeium, id. 

HARIE HUTCHEON, aplay in which 
diiMren hop round in a ring, with their 
bodies resting on Aeir hams, aB. 
Belg. kurk^en, to squat, to rit stooping. 

The pluck of an animal, a Mamsay. 


S. Applied to the ttering of ono's hair. 
Fr. haricot, a dith of boiled livers. 
To HARK, p. n. To whisper, 8. CUiand. 
2>> HAULE, v. a 1. To trail. & JDoi^. 

2. To dmg with force, SL Xelfy. 

3. To draw to one's self by gripiog or 
violent meens, & Bamtajf* 

4. To roughcast a wall, S. Sl<Uu$. Acc> 
To Habli, v.*. 1. To move onwaid with 

difficulty. & 

5. To karle abouit to go from place to 
place, & 

Haeuk FAvoua, some degree of affection. 
IlAaLB, f. 1. The act of dragging, & 
9. IVoper^ obtained by means not ac- 
counted honourable, S. 
HA RLE, f. The Goosander, Oiko. 

Fr. harle, id. , Barry, 

HARLOT, 1. 1. A scoundreL fTaUace. 

2. A boor, synoo. with carltm BeUendetu 

Su. G. kaert exercitus, and lude, man- 

dpium vile, a boor or villain. 

HARLET. L. harbry, harbour, ffoulate, 


Alas. A.S. earme, wretched. Phiiohu. 

H ARN. V. HAaoTjf. 

HARNES, «. Defensive armour. Doitg. 

Dan. hamiskt id. 
HARNES^ s. 1. The brains, S. kanu. 

8. Metaph., understanding, 8L 
Sw. biaeme. Germ, hernt id. 
Harm- PAR, «. The skull, & WdUace* 

Teut hirnr-panne, id. 
HARP. s. A kind of searcc, a 
HARPER CRAB. V. Tammt Hak- 

HARRAGE, J. Service due to a land- 
land. V. AaAOB. SiaUtt. Ace, 
HARRAND, «. Snarling. Chr. S. P. 
HARRO, tfU^'. An outcry for help; al- 
so, an encouragement to pursuit, S. 

Fr. karo, harous q. Ha Roui, O Rollo, 
or rather from Su.G. haerop, clamor 
HARRY, a<(;. Stubborn, &B. 
Su.G. hart locus lapidosus. 


HARSK, HARS, a^. I. Hanh, sharp. 

2. Bitter to the taste. WynJtowiu 

Su.G. hank, Isl. hertk^r, austerus. 
To HART. n. a. To encourage, S. heaH. 
Teut hert-en, animare. Barbowr. 
HARTILL, s. Heart-ill. Wutton. 

HARTLY, HARTLYEt «(;. CordiaL 
T«sut herUUok, Dan. hiertdig, id. 
HARTFULLI£,iu«tf. CordiaUy. 

HARUMSCARUM.«/j. Harebrained, a 
£. kare, to fright, and scare, to startle. 
HASARD, HASERT, o^/. Hoary. 

Hasaad, t. An old dotard. JDougjbUm 

HASARTOUR, f. One who phiys at 
games of Aasarci. Fr. hazturdeur. Doug* 
HASCHBALO, J. Perb.glutton./>fm^ar. 
roHASH,i;.o.l.Toslash,S. ¥r,hacher. 
8. To abuse, to maltreat, & Ferguson* 
Hash, I. A sloven, a Ranuay, 

2. A foolish fellow. Burnt. 

Hasolt, odv* In a slovenly manner, Loth* 
Hasbmctheau, adv. In a state of disor- 
der, a Isl. thraum, solum transvetsum. 
HASKY. adj. 1. Bank in growth, aB. 
8. Coarae to the taste, STB. 
S. Dirty, slovenly, a B. 
4. Applied to coarse work, aB. 
Isl. katk'Ur, strenuus. 
HASLOCK, adj. Descriptive of the finest 
wool, being the lock that grows on the 
halt or throat, a Ramtay. 

HASSOCK, HASSICK, j. 1. A beeom, 


2. Any thing buah^ ; as, a hauick of 
hair, a Journal Land. 

3, A large round turf used as a sea^ 
a A. Sw. hwath a rush. 

HASTARD. a4i. Irascible^ a 

Id. kast'T, irabundus, and artf natura. 
HASTER'D, iforf. pa. Curried, a A. 

HASTER'D, HASTERN,a<(f. Early; 
hastem aits, early oata, a B. 

Su. G. AoH-o, oelerare, and mt-o, ma- 


H ASTOW, haH thou ? jr. awdr. 

HAT, HATE, HAIT, part. pa. 1% or 

wa8| called. Barbour. 

A.S. hai'anr Sa.6. hei-Ot Yocmie. 

'3\» HATCH, HOTCH, v. n. To mofe 

Fr. hoch-ert id. Isl. Aiifc-o, cedo. 
To Hatchil, V. a. To shake in carrTingi 

HATE, HAIT, a^f. Hot, a JTeniKcfy. 

A.S. Mat, So. G. Met, id. 
HATE, HAIT, HAID, s. A whit, an 
atom, S. 

IbI. Aaeff, the smallflit olgect that can 
be imagined. 
HATHILL, HATHELL, s. A noble- 
man. V. Athilu Sir Gawam. 
H ATHER, «. Heath. Jtcit Ja. VL 
HATRENT, u Hatred. Onnpl. S. 
HATRY,af(f. Disordered ;a9, a AolryAcruf, 

i. e. matted, S.R V. Avar. 
To HATTER, o. a. To batter, to shatter. 
Gawan and GoL 
HATTIR, a4i. Maple. V. Haltuu 
H ATTIT KIT, a dish of aour or cMMgu- 
hted cream, S. Cromarty, 

Teut. hott-enf to coagulate. 
HATTREL» j. A collection of purulent 

matter, S.B. V. Atet. 
HATTREL, I The flint of a horn, S.O. 
H ATTOU. mat hattou, what art thou 
named. V. Hat. Sir Tristrem. 

HAUCH, t. The forcible reiterated re- 
spiration of one who eierts all his 
strength in giving a stroke, S. keck. 
Germ, haueh, halitus. Douglas. 

HAUCHS (f a »ock, the three poiDts in- 
to which Che upper part of a plough- 
share is divided, and by which it clasps 
in the wood, Ang. 

Isl. haeckt Dan. hagfit uncus. 
IIALCHE, s. Low. lying flat ground, 
properly on the border of a river, and 
such as is sometimes overflowed, S. 


Gael, augh, id. IsL Ao^, a place for 


To II AVE, «. n. 1. To carry. Actn Ja. I. 

:?. To behave. ITynrown. 


To HAVER, V. n. To talk foolishly, S. 

pron. kaiver. Bamsay* 

Isl. gifr^Ot loquitor, hrfer, gaimlus. 
Havxes, HAivxas, s. Foolish or incobe* 

tent talk, S. J. NicoL 

Haveeil, i. One who habitually talks in 

a foolish manner, S. Bums* 

Havxbil, aiff. Foolish in talk, S. 
HAVES, f. pL Goods, effects. GL S&b. 
HAUGULL, f. A cold and damp wind 

blowing from the sea, Ang. 

Id. kafjgola, flatus ex oceano spiraas. 

1. Carriage, behaviour. .Bar6oKr. 

2. Good manners, S. Boss. 
5. Weeds, dress, S.B. Boss, 

IsL ha^ft manneni Su. G. Aac/h-o, de- 

H A UNTY. atff. V. HAinrr. 

To HAUf, V. II. To turn to the rig^it; 
applied to horses, or cattle in the yoke^ 
S. Isl. Adp-o, retro cedere. Mtstotu 

HAW, HAAVE, a^j. 1. Asure. Doug. 
8. Pale, wan, & B. Boss. 

A.S. kaeweUf glaucua. 

To HAWGH, 9. 11. To force up phkgm, 
& to hawk, £» CB. kockio, id. 

H A W YS, imperat, v. Have ye. WytUown. 

HAWKIT, a4f. Having a white free; 
applied to cattle, S. Dunbar. 

Hawkxt, s. I. a cow with a white face^ S. 

3. A stupid fellow. GL Shtrr. 
HAWK, s. A dung fork. V. Hack. 
HAWSE, s. The throat. V. Hals. 


HAZEL-RAW, s. Lichen pulmonarius» 

& Ughtfbot. 

HE, s. A male, S.B. Boss. 

He akd He. I. Every one. Douglas. 

S. The one and the other, id. 
HE, HEE, HEY, ad^ High. Wyntown. 

A. S. hea, hehf id. 
Hblt, adv. Highly. Wyntown. 

A.S. kealice, id. 
To He, Hex, Hbt, v. a. I. To elevate. 
A.S. he-an, id. Dunbar, 

2. To dignify. Barbour. 

HEAD-LACE, t. A narrow nbbon for 
binding the head, Ang. 


HEADLINa adv. HeadloDg, aB. JZm«. 
HEAD-MARK, s. Observation of the 

ftatures of man or any other animal. 
Statist* Ace. 
HEADSTALL, s. The band that forms 

the upper part of a horse's collar, Ang. 
HEADUM AMD CORSUM, topsy-tur. 

▼y, Ihimfr. 
Mead and cross, q. acron. ffcads 

and thrawSf higgledy-piggledy, & 
To HEAL, tf. a. To conceal V. Hxild. 
HEARKNING. s. Encouragement, &B. 

To HEART VT, v. a. To hearten, & V. 

HsAETNXNo, «. EncouxBgement, S. Bo^fd. 
HE ART- A XES, s. The heartburn, Loth. 

A. & heort-ece^ id. 
HEAR TY, a4i. 1. Chearfal, S. Urn. 

S. Liberal, S. 

J. Heartburn, & Fergusonm 

2. A disgust, & 

3. Metaph. regret, remorse. Z» Boyd, 
HEARTSOME, adij, I. Merry. S. 


2. Causing cheerfulness, S. Bamsay. 

HEATHER, s. Heath. S. V. HADOTa. 

HxATHKa.asixa, s.j;/. Heath blossoms, a 

HxATUxa-uaxs, s* pL The stalks and roots 

of burnt heath, S. V. Biak. 
HsATuaa-cLu, i. The ankle, Ang. q. what 
cleaves the heath in walking 
Isl. Uofiho^ CO cleave. 
HEATHsaiE, a<^\ Heathy, & J, NicoL 
HEAWE EEL, The conger. Sibbald, 

Sw. hqfs'uatf i. e. sea-eel. 
To HECH, HEGH, (gutt) v.n. To 
breathe hard, to pant, a 
Teut. hygh-eiit id. 
High, High, «. llie act of panting, a 
V. Hauch. Rwidmafu 

H£CHia«*P<- Hatches of a ship, i^cmg. 
To HECHT, HEYCHT, r. n. 1. To 
name. Douglas* 

2. To promise, to engage. Barbour. 

3. To offer, to proffer, a Bums, 

4. To command. DougjUu. 
A. S. hat-ati, Su. G. AeZ-o, vocart « pro- 

Buttere> jobcre, V. Hat. 


HiCBT, HcTCBT, f . A promise Loth. 

HECK, f. A rack for cattle. V. Hack. 
HECK ABIRNEY, «. A lean feeble crea- 
ture, Orkn. 

Isl. heik'4a, supprimere, deScere. 
HECKAPURDES, s. A quandary, 

To HECKLE, HEKLE,t;.a. Tofosten 
by means of a hook. Wallace, 

Teut hatck-en^ to fix with a hook. 
To HECKLE, v. a. 1. To dress Bax, a 
2. Metaph. to examine severely, a 
To come o*er the heckle-pins, to be se- 
verely examined, a 

Teut. kekel-eth pectere linum. 
To Hbcxle on, e. n. To continue in keen 
disputation. MeUviWsMS, 

Hxcklx, Hxkkil, «. 1 . a hackling-comb, 
a Teut hekeU id. Ruddiman. 

2. The feathers on the neck of a cock, 
a Douglas* 

5* A fly, for angling, dressed merely 
with a cock's feather, a 
Hbcklbe, s* a flaxdresser, a 

Teut heheUuT, id. 
Hecklxbacx, s. The fifteen qpined Stickle- 
back. Sibbald* 

BLUTTER, f. The bittern. BureU 
s*pl. The small cords through which the 
warp is passed in a loom, after going 
through the reed, a Douglas* 

Isl. kaafhaUdt vulgo hofudld, id. 
HEDE-STlKKia spl* A species of ar- 
• tillery. Complaynt S* 

Su. G. tiyeke, tormentuni majus. 
HEDE-VERK, s* A head-ache. 

Comjjlaynt S. 
A. a heqfod-Vfoerc, cephalalgia. 
HEDY PERE, s. Of equal suture, a 



chief Douglas* 

A a heafod^^mant primes. 

HEELIE, adj. Slow, Aberd. V. Hult. 

U£ELIEGOL£ERI£,ck/o. Topsy-tur- 

vjr. Ang. V. Hiluegklxeeix. 
HEELS O'ER GOWDY, topsy-turvy, 



H££L8 O'ER HEAD, cdw. 1. Topsy- 
tuny, S. Rots. 

S, Without particular •numeratioD, S. 
H££PY, i. A fool, Sw Barney* 

Su. G. haepeuy attonitus. 
H££R, HI£R tf^m. Sixth port of a 
hcsp or hank, S. Siatitt. Jcc* 

Su.G. haeff-wot a handful of yam* 
To H££Z£. V. Hxif. 
To H£FT, V. n. 1. To direll, Aberd. 

Su. G. ka^Of cokre, possidere. 

. 2. To cause or aocuacom to live in a 

place, S. Rammy* 

To HEFT, V, a. To confine, applied to a 

cow*s milk when not drawn off for >ome 

time, & 

8u.G. haeft-a, impedire^ detinere. 
H£G£SKBAP£R, s. An avaricious per- 
son. JSannai^e P. 
Q. one who scrapes hedges. 
HEGGERBALD, s. Not understood. 


HEIGH-HOW, mtetj. EzpiessiTe of 
languor or fatigue, S. Moss. 

HEICH, (gutt.) a<(j. High, S. Dougfas. 
To HsiciiT, V. a. To raise. 
HEYCHT, s. A promise. V. Hecbt. 
HEID, HED, term, denoting state or 
quality, as in bairnheidt &c 
Belg. heydf status, qualitas. 
ING, HETHYNG, s. Scorn, derision. 
IsL baedne. haethne, illudendi actio; 
haed-a, irridere. 
H£IGHEING, «. A command. 

Sir Trittrem. 
HEIL, HEYLE, HEAL, s. IleaJth, & 


A. S. hadf Su. G. AW, sanitas. 


HELE, v.a, 1. To cover. Barbour, 

2. To conceal, to hide, & Hoss. 

S, To defend, to save. Dou^Las. 

A.S. &W-aR, lsl.AaW-a, tegere. 

HnLDTMX, s. Covering. Barbour* 

To HEILD, HEYLD, v. n. 1. To in- 

dine. Paliee Honour. 

8. To give the preference. Barbour* 


A.S. lidd^n, kyld-an, Su.G. hmOl^ 
HuLn, «. Oft heUd, inclined to one aidb 

HEILIE, adii. Holy. DuMbar. 

Germ, heiligt id. 
HEILY, HELY, HIELY, adj. Fftwd. 
A. S. heatict heahlict ezoelsua. Doug* 
HEYND, HENDE, adj. 1. Gentle. 


2. Expert, skilful. Ckr. £irt* 

A.S.gv-Ayn(<f,faumiliatus; ItL^- 

gin, prudens. 

Hktiidnxs, s. Gentleness. XI ffart* 

HEYND, 1. A person. Dunbar. 

Su.G. Aion,id. 
HEIR, s. Army. Gawan and GoU 

A.S. herci Su. G. liLhaer, Germ. Atfr» 
HEIR DOWNE, adv. Below on thia 
earth. Dunbar* 

HEIRIS, s. id. Masters. V. Haa, $. 1. 
JT. HaH. 
HEYRD,HEYRT. Togangwgaeheyrd^ 
to storm, to fume, Ang. heyte, synon. 
Su.G. hyr-a, vertigine agi. Chr. & P. 
HEIRLY, adj. Honourshle. Soulaie. 

Germ, herlich, illustris. 
To HEIS, HEYS, HEEZE, v. a. To 
lift up, S. Douglas. 

Su.G. hiss-Of Belg. Ays^tfii, id. 
Heis, Hnzs, Heisu, s. 1. The act of 
lifting up. Douglas. 

2. Aid, furtTieranoe, S.B. Shirrefs* 

5. The act of swinging, Loth. 
4. Denoting any thing that discomposes. 

Hrrs AKD HOW, A sea cheer. Douglas. 
HEYTIE, s. a name for the game of <Am- 

He, Loth. 
HEKKIL, HECKLE, s. A hadLling- 

comb, S. Ruddiman* 

To HELE, v. a. To conceal. V. Hkols. 
HELDE, s. Age ; for eUL Wynioum* 
HELY, arfr. Highly. V. Hi. 
HELY, adv. Loudly. Barbour. 

HELYNG, f. Covering. Barbour* 

HELIE, a^j. Proud. V. Hmlt. 

year, S. Ross. 


HEIXIS, HELS, «. /I/. HelL 

Jibp. HamiUowu 
HELLI&.CRUK, i. A crook for bold- 

log VMwIt over m Are, S. P. i{^. 
Teut help-en, to embrtce. 
HELM OF WEET, a great fall of rain, 

Aog. A.& holm, water. 
HsLXY, aty. RaiDy, Ang. 

A.S. hoimeg wedder, proceUonira oo^ 

JIELME STOK, t. The handle of the 

helm. Teut hdm-tiack, id. Doug, 
HELFLIE, Q4i. Helpful, &B. 

PorUous ofNotUnett. 
Teut kdp^ickt auxiliaris. 
HEM, 1. Edge; applied to stones, 8.B. 
HEM, pron, pL Them. Sir Gawan» 

A. S. hwmj dat pL iUis. 
HEM, s. A horse^Uar. V Haims. 
HEMMIL, t. A heap, a crowd, S. B. 
To HxKMiL, 0. a. To sunound any beast 

in order to lay hold of it Ang. 
Jsl. hemU-a, ctistodire, coercere. 
HEMMYNYa #. pL Shoes of untanoed 

l«»«her. Wifnteium, 

A. S. hemmmg, peio^ IsL kemmg-r^ 

the skin pulled off from the legs of cat- 
HEMPY, s. 1. A rogue; one for whom 

the hemp grows, & J. NicoL 

S. A tricky wag. a Mammy. 

To HENCH, o. a. To throw stones by 

bringing the hand alongst the haunch, S. 
HENDRE, RENDER, aty. Ptet, by. 

gone. Moes. G. hindar, retro. Barbour, 
BEN-PEN, 1. The dung of fowls, Ang. 

page, E. henchman, Houlate. 

HENSEIS, f. pi. Uncertain. Dunbar. 

young fellow. Chr, Kirk. 

Sw. hentker, a fool. 

able fucus, S. 
HENT. pret. Laid hokl of. V Hint. 
HEN-W YFE, f. 1. A woman who takes 

care of the poultry, S. Talet Landlord. 

S. A bawd. Dou^s. 

HENWILE, s. A ttratagam. BaOHe. 


A wiUt fa$td by a Am for gathering her 

HEPTHORNE, $. The briar, & Doug. 
HER, HERE, s. 1. A persMi of rank. 

S. A chief, a leader. Douglat. 

3. A maigistrate. WaUace. 

4. A master. BaHfour. 
A.S.Aera. Su.6. herre. Taut herrp 

Belg heer^ Lat Aer-vt, dominus. 
HER, HERE, s. Loss, iigury. WaOace. 

Su. O. Met, vis hostilis. 
HER, pron. Their, O. £. and A.& 

Sir Guwnu 
H£RANDIS» $. pL\. Eirands. WynU 

5. Tidings, q. hearings. Wyntown. 
HERBERE, s. A garden for berbs. 

Lat herbarium, id. Dov^^. 

RY, «. 1. A militaiy station. Barbour. 
2. A dwelling place. Abp. ^amiltoun. 
Teut herberghCf diversonunu A.Si 
kereberga, the abode of an army. 
To HsUBBT, HjEaBAT, V. «. To station* 
S. To dwell ; applied to a person. 
A. S. A«rf6eor;gf-<flii.hospitaii. Barbour^ 
HtaimTAOi, s. An Inn. Wallace. 

HaaoRiooKis, f.;i/. A piquet Barbour, 
HERDIS, HERDS, t> RefiiM of flax. 


HERDOUN, adp. Here below. Barbour. 

HERE, used in the composition of te- 

▼eral names of places in S. pran. like 

E. hair. 

A. S. here, Su. 6 Aoer, an army. 
HEREAWAY, adv. 1. In thia qanter, 

8. In the present state, S. Buihe^fbrd. 
HEREFT, adv. Hereafter. WoUaee. 

To HERE TELL, e. n. To learn by re- 
port a WaUaa. 

Isl keyrditaJat audiWt. 
HEREYES 1 ERDA Y, s. the day bdfan 
yesterday, &, air-yetterday, Banfl&. 
A. S. aer-gyttran daeg, id. BaiUie. 
HEREYESTKEEN, j. Tbe night be- 
fore yesternight, S. GL Shirr. 
HERIE, HEARY, i. AcompeUalion 


ttDl used by some old women, in ad- 

dresaiog their husbands, and sometimes 

vice vena, & Rou* 

A . S. henh 8u. G. Tent« herrtt dominus. 

HERIS, imperat. v. Hear ye. Dou^an. 

HERISON, «. Hedgehog, Fr. heHiton. 

HERITOUR, «. I. An heir. 

Fr. heritier, ids Ahp. HamSloun. 
9. A bndbolder in a parish, S. 

Stat. Ace, 
HERLE^ HURIL» t. A heron, Ang. 

Maitiand Poem$. 

HERLING, «. A trout V. Hxauvo. 

HERNIT, pret. Perhaps for kerknit, 

hearkened. ICtng Hart. 

HERON.BLUTER, s. The snipe, &B. 


HTRALD, «. The fine payable to a 
iuperior, on the death of his tenant. 

Qium* AtU 
A. S. here'gyld, a military tribute. 
HARRIE, V. a. 1. To rob, to pillage, 
S. Barbour. 

9, To ruin by extortion, SL Mmtl. P. 
Su.G. AMT-to, depraedari, fWnn haer, 
an army. 
HsaaTMiHT, s. 1 . Plunder, S. 

9. The cause of plunder, S. Sums, 
Himaii-wAna, j. 1. A net so formed as 
to catch or retain fish of a small sise, 
and thus to tpoU the twiter of iu brood ; 
hany-net, S.B. AcUja. VI. 

8. Metaph., denoting both stratagem 
and violence. LyntUt^. 

HERRINBAND, s. A string by which 
yam is tied before it be boiled, Ang. 

IsL Aoonrnd, coarw linen yam, and 
BERS, HEARSE, m^;. Hoarse^ & 

Belg. haenek, id. Douglas. 

RISCHIP, s. 1. The act of plunder- 
ing, S. Wallaet. 
2. The cause ef plunder* Lyndsay. 
Z. Booty, plunder. Ross. 
4. Wreck of property. KeUy. 


5. Scarcity, as the effect of devastatimt. 


6. Deamess, high price. Dunbar* 
A.S. Atfr, an army, and sdpet deno- 

ting action ; q. tiie act of an anny : or 
hem Hkrbt, v. 

HERSKET, s. The same with Hsasiu 
scALD, Orkn. 

HER TILL, ado. Hereunto. Harbour. 
Sw. haertil, id. 

HERVY, at{f. Having the appearance ei 
great poverty, Ang. 

A.S. here^eokt a military prey. 

HESP, f. A clasp or hook, & 

Su. G. katpCt Germ, hespe, id. 

To Hdp, V. a. To fasten. 

HESP, HASP, f. A hank of yam, & 

Tent, kaspt file congregate. SioU Ace, 

T9 make a raveWd keep, to put a thing 

in confusion ; io redd a rtndVd kesp, Xm 

restoie order. Gu Sktrpm 

HESS^ a4f. Hoane^ Lyndtay. 

Su.G. kaes, Act, A.S. kaj, id. 

HET, HAT, a»ff. 1. Hot, S. Samta^ 
9. Keen, meUph. WaOaee* 

HnruLL, aig. Hot, fiery. Wallace. 

Hbtlt, adv. Hotly, & Jtosu 

Hr nirr. The kot beverage, which young 
people cany with them from house to 
house early io the morning of the new 
year ; used also on the night preceding 
a marriage, and at the time of child- 
bearing, & Morison. 

Hr stoup, Same with ffet pint, SL 


HETHELICHE, Reproachful. V. 
Hbydin. Sir Tristrewu 

Isl. kaediligtt Sw. kaedUigtt contume* 

HETHING, s. Scorn. V. Hzmiv. 

HEVCn, pret. V. Hewed. 

Gawanand Got* 
Su.G. kugg-Of caedereb 

HUWE, HWE, HEW, & 1. A cn^ 
a ragged steep, & fVyntounu 

9. A steep hill or bank. Soergreen. 

5, A glen with steep overhanging braet 
or sides, Lotk Bold. &• Cowqi. 


4« The shaft of m oo«l-pit, S. JStene* 
5. A hollow in m quarry, Loth. 

A.Sb kou, mons; I1.B. hogh^a. Id. 
haug^r, collia. 
HEUCK, HEUGH, t. A diiMM ofoowib 

inflaming the eye, Ang. Hence, 
HxucK-srAirs, «. BlneTitriol; atuaedfor 

removing this diMaie, ibid. 
HEUCK-BANE, s. The huckle-bone, 

Ang. Belg* huck'-enf to bow. 

To HEVYD, v. a. To behead. 9>i/ovm. 

HEWID, s. Head. JSarbour. 

A.S. ket^ud, id. ; q. what it Aeav'd 

or lifted up. 

HEWYD, HEWYT, part. pa. Colour- 

ed. Barbour. 

H£WIS» 5, p. V. Perfaapa, fathavcM, haa. 


HEWIS, s. pi. Forms; ghosts. Philohu. 

A.S. heawgoit simulacra. 

HEWIT, pns<.' Tarried. GawanandGoK 

HE WIT, part, pa. Having hoofs. Doug. 


• net Pitscottie. 

lal. Ai/m-o, to cover, and metid, mouth. 

HY. 9. Haste. A.& kige. WytUowu 

To HYCHT. HIGHT, v.n. I. Toiniat, 

to expect. A.& kikte, spera Barbour. 

fi. To promise. V. Hxcht. HvLtUon. 

Htcbt, s. a promise. Barbour. 

To HICHT, HIGHT, height, v.a. . 

I . To heighten, & Lynd9a%f, 

A. S. kikt-an^ augere. 

Hicbtt, adj. Lofty. Dougfat. 


GIRDIE, adv. Topey-turvy. Houlaie. 

Q^ the kead in a gjiddy state. 

HIDDIL, HIDLINS,«fi). Seemly, & 



Hiding-places. Barbour. 

In tke kiddili ofl under the cover or 
shelter of, & 

In kidlingM, adv. secretly, S. Bamtay. 
A. S. kydeis, latibulum. 
Hitherta Douglas. 

HIDWISE, adj. Hideous. 

Fr. kideuxi id, Gawan and Gol. 


HIEGATIS, High ways, & 

AcUJa. VI. 
HIE HOW, inUfj. Bravo* Dou^. 
To HYGHT, V. a. To promise. V. 


absurd game, in which it was determi- 
ned by the dioe who should for some 
time sustain a fictitious character, or re- 
peat a certain number of loose verses^ 
under the penalty of either swallowing 
an additional bumper, or paying a smali 
sum to the reckoning. This appears to 
be nearly the same with the drunken 
game called Wkignudeerie. 

Bamsay. Mannering. 

To HILCH, V. n. To halt, & Bums. 

HILLIEGELEERIE, adv. To|>sy-tur- 
vy, aB. HUliegulair, Perths. 
Gael. %ule go teir, altogether. 

HILT AND HAIR, the whole of any 
thing, S. Boss. 

Su.G. bull, anc. bold, flesh ; the car- 
case and hide ; med kuU ock kaetr, hide 
and bair, tke wkole j Germ, kaut und 

HILTED RUNG, a crutch. Skirrefs. 
Q. a stick with sl kilt or handle. 

HILTER.SKILTER, adv. In rapid sue 
cession, S. 
^ A. S. ktoUtr sceadOf a confused heap. 

HIME8T, Leg. HUMEST, atff. Upper- 
most. V. Umast. Wallace. 

HIMSELL, corr. of kiimelf, Pkilotus. 
At kim or ker sell^ in full possession of 
one's mental powers, S.B. Boss. 

Weill at kimsellt plump, Clydes. 
By kimsdlt beside himself, S. Bums. 

HYNDER, s. Hinderance; aB. kender. 

HINDER, a^'. Last, Loth. Ferguson. 

HINDER. END, s. 1. Extremity, a 
S. Termination, a Ferguson. 

HYNE, s. 1. A penon. Douglau 

So. G. kion, individuum humanum* 
S. A young man, a stripling. Barbeur. 

3. A farm-servant, 8., kind E. 

A. a kinet id. Bar. Courts. 

4. A peasant. A.a AtRfimm. Doug. 



HTNE, adv. 1. Hence* S. JDaugau 

Syne far awa\ far hence, Ang. 
S, Referring to the eternal state. 

Belg. keen, away ; Su. G. haen, hence. 
Fra hyne-furih, henceforward. 

HINDERNYCHT, s. Tlie last night. 

BanntOyne P. 
To HTNG, v. a. To hang, & Douglas, 
To Huro, V. 94. 1. To be subtended. 

2. To be in a state of dependance., 

HiNGAEs, «• 1. A necklace. Douglas, 

2* In pi. hangings, tapestry. BeUenden. 

To H YNK, HINK, v. n. To be in a 

doubtful state. Henryaone» 

Germ, henk-m, to suspend; So.G. 

hwink'a, Tacillare. 

HINK.«. Perh. hesilation. MdUfUTsMS. 

HINKLINE, s. Same as £. inUing. 

MeUviWs MS. 

Su.G. wink-^it to beckon. 

To HINT, H YNT, v. a. To lay hold of; 

pret herUt S. Wallace. 

Su. G. Aa«nt-a, id. mana preheodere, 

from hand, manus. 

Htnt, s. Act of eiertion. X. Kart* 

HINT, f. An opportunity, &B. Boss. 

Su.G. haend-a, accidere. 
HINT. In a hini, in a moment, &B. 

HINT, adv. To the hint, behind, & 
HYNTWORTHE, *. An herb. 

JBp' St A^tdrois. 
To HI E e. a. To miss, ^ B. So. G. Ao;^ 

a, Eston. hypp-aen, to pasa» 
Hir, s. An omibsion, S. 
HIPPEN, f. A towel used for wrapping 

about the hips of an infant, & Ross. 
To HIRCH, {ch hard) V. n. To shiver, & 

groue synon. 
HYRCHOUNE, (dk hard) #. A hedge. 

hog; S.A«rcAm. Barbour. 

Arm. AtfMrenicAm, id« 
To HIRD, V. a. 1. To tend cattle, S. 

2. To guard any person or thing, S. 
Su.G* Atrd-o, A*S« hyrd'OHf custo- 



HuuH Htruk, s. One who tends cattle, S^ 
A.S. hyrd^ lal. A^0, d. Douglas* 
HIRDIEGIRDIE. V. Hiddis Gmn.s. 
To HIRE, V. a. Jo let, S. Sir J SimcUttr. 
Hv&BGAiio,<. In hyregang, payin. rent. 
Su. G. hyr, mercci, and gang, moi* 
HiBJBMAK, s. A male serrant, S.B. 

A.S. hyreman, mereenarius. A. Ace* 
HxaxsHir, s. Service; also» the placa of 
servants. GL Shim 

HiASwouAN, f. A maid-aenraot» SLB. 

Abp. HamHtows* 
HIRY, HARY, a cry. Bannatyne P. 
trout shaped like a salmon, its flesh red- 
dish, Dumfr. Statist. Ace 
HIRNE, HYRNE, s. 1. A comer. 

Bt Bmc€. 

2. A retirement, a recess. Dou^s* 

A.& hym, anc. Su.G. Aym, angolos. 

HYRONIUS, a4j. Erroneous. BureL 

To HIRPLE, V. n. 1. Te hah, S. 

Su.G. hwerjla, to move drcokuly. 
9. To move crasily, S. Bum$* 

SELL, HIRSLE, s, I. A multitude^ 
a throng, S. hissel, Ayn, Wynto/mn, 
2. A Bock, S. Ramsay. 

Su. G. haer, an army, and saell^, to 
assem ble. 
To HiRsELL, V, a. To put into different 
flocks, S.A. Stat. Ace. 

HYRSETT, J. The payment of Aurrow 
mails for one year, as the condition on 
which a new-made burgess continued 
to enjoy hi^ privilege, although his pro- 
perty was not built upon. Burr, Lawes. 
A. & hyre, merces^ and sett-aUf coUo- 
To HIRSILL, HIRSLE, v, n. I. To 
move resting on the hams, S. Ramsay. 

Teut aerseC-en, culum venus tie. 
2. To graze, tomb on. DaugUu. 

A. S. hirstl-an, croper^ 
To HIRSP. V. fi. To jar. Calderwood. 

E. to rasjh Su. G. rajp-a« 
HIRST, f. 1. A hinge. Douglas. 

2. MUn-hirsti the place on which the 


crate Ijt within which the mill-itone 

rubs. K. 8. hifrr, CBrdo, Ruddiman* 

HIRST, HURST. «. 1. The bare and hard 

gummitofahill, S. Dou^at^ 

Su.G.Aar, locus lapidosus. 

2. A sand bank on tha brink of a river, 

S.B. Law Case, 

Z. EqniYalent to thaUow, in a river, S.B. 

Law Cote, 

4. A rating pUwe^ & B. Shirr^ 

5. A Knall wood. GL Sibb. 
A. 8. hurst, siWa. 

HISSIE, HiZZIE, u Cm. ^ house- 

w^e. Bums, 

HisaiBiKip, HusfTTiKAr, «. Housewifery, 

S. B. Ritson, 

HISTIE, a4i, l}rj, chaft, & O/ Burns, 

Perhaps q. hirsty, from Hursi, 
HIT, pron. It, S. A. S. Dan. Sir Gawan, 
HITCH, «. 1. A motion by a jerk, 8. 

2. Metaph. augmentation, S. Ross, 
Isl. hik-o, ccdere, hik, commotiun- 

HITCH, s. A loop, &0. Rums, 

JHITE, HYTE. To gae hyte, to be in a 

rage, to act as if one were mad, S.B. 
Isl. heipt-a, animo violento agere. 
HITHER aHB YONT, topsyrtunry, 3, 
To HIVE, V. a. Toswell, & Rutherford, 
To Hits, or Hits up, v, n. To swell, S. B. 
HiTF-s, Httks, s, pi. Any eruption in the 

skin, proceeding from an interna] causes 


Bowel-httfe, a disease in children, in 

.which the groin is said to swelL 

JBives it used to denote both the red and 

yeUow gum. Loth. 

Su. G. haefvMS, to rise up* 
To HO, a. fi. To stop. DougjUts, 

Radically the same with ITot^, JSow* 

Hob, s, a stop. Z> Boyd, 

HO, pran. She. A*S. Aeo, id. Sir Gawan, 
HO, s. A stocking, S. 
HO AM, s. Hie dried grease of a cod. 

HOAM'D, HUMPH'D,;Nirf. adj, Hft- 

ving a fusty taste^ Clydas. 


HOARSGOUK, s. The snipe, Orkn. 

Sw. horsgjokf id. Rarry, 

HO AS. Not understood. Law Case, 
HOBBY, s, A kind of hawk. Houlate, 

Belg. huybe, Fland. hobbye, id. 
To HOBBIL, V, a. To cobble. 

Bannatyne Poems, 
To HOBBIL, «. a. To dance. Lyndsay, 

Teut. hobbel-en, saltare. 
HOBBY.TOBBY, adj. Denoting Ae 
tout-ensemble of an awkward, tawdry 
woman, S. 

Teut. hobbd'tobbd, confbsd. 
HOBBLE, s, A state of perplexity, S, 
habble, Loth. 

Teut. hobbd-eUf inglomerare. 
HOBBLEDEHOY, «. A stripling, Loth. 
HOBELERIS, s. pi. 1. Light horsemen 
chiefly calculated for the purpose of re- 
connoitring, ice Barbour* 

Fr. hobiUe, a coat of quilted stuff. 
8. ■ Men lightly armed. Grose, 

HOBYNYS, s,pl, Lighthorses. ^ardour. 

Fr. hobin, id. 
HOBLESHEW, s, V. HuaaLBsnaw. 
HOBURN SAUGH, the Laburnum, SL 
ride on one*s shoulders with a leg on 
eafh, Aberd. Journal Lond, 

nOCKlT, pret. Perhaps, for AolcAif. V. 
HoTCH. Peblis Play, 

HOCUS, s, A stupid fellow, & 

Isl. aukaise, homo nihilL 
To HOD, HODE, a. a. To hide, &B. 
Belg. hoed'-ent Alem. huod-en, id. 
HODD£N.GREY,a((;. Applied to dotU 
worn by the peasantry, which haa the 
natural colour of the wool, S. Ramsay. 
E. hoiden, rustic, clownish. 
HODDIE, s, A carrion-crow. V. Hun- 


HODDIN, part. Eypressire of the Jog- 
ging motion of one who rides a hone 
that mofes stiffly, S.O* V. Hovn. 

To HODDLE, p, n. To waddle, Ang. 
HODLACK, s. A rick of bay, Etterick 



HOE, HOE- PISH, I. The piked dog-. 

fish. Orkn. Barry. 

Sw. hqj, Dan. Ao. id« 

balking tibark, Orkn. Barry* 

HOESHINS» f. fd,. Stocking! without 

feet, Ayrs, Teut. kuytken, tbeca. 
HOG, s. A young sheep, before it has lost 

its first fleece. GL Omphynt. Stat. Ace. 
1m B. ho^ffxeiuSf a young sheep of the 

second year. 
HOG, f. In the diversion of curling, the 

name given to a stone which does not 

go over the distance tcore, S. Graeme, 
To HOG, HOGG, v. a. To shog, Ang. 
IsL hagg-a, commoveo, quasso. 
HOGERS» HOGGERS^ <. pL Coarse 

stockings without feet, S. Boss. 


The last day of the year, S. 

2. The entertainment given to a visitor 

on this day ; or a gift conferred on those 

who apply for it, S. J. NicoL 

The origin is quite uncertain. 
HOGRY-MOGRY, adj. Slovenly, Loth. 

corr. from hugger-mugger, E. V. 


HOG-SCORE, #. A distance-line, in 
curling, drawn across the rink or course^ 
S. Bums. 

HOG-SHOUTHER,«. Agamein which 
those who amuse themselves justle each 
other by the shoulders, S. Bums. 

Isl. kegg'^, to strike. 

To HoosnoumsB, v. a. To justle with the 
shoulder. Bums. 

To HOY, 0. a. 1. To incite^ a term used 

as to dogs. S. Bums. 

S. To chase or drive away. Lyndsay. 

IsL Ao-o, gregss oonvocare vel agere. 

HO YES, s.l. A term used in pobh'c pro- 
clamations, calling attention, $. Skene. 

O.Fr.oyeXf hear ye. 
8. Used as equivalent to hue, in the 
phrase hue and cry. Slat. Bob. I. 

HUFE, J. 1. A halL BeOenden. 

Su.'G. kof, aula. 
% A burial-place. The principal place 


of interment at Dundee is caDed tito 

IsL koft atriute, Genn. kof, enm^ 
Idrckhtf, area ante templum. 
5. A haunt, S. Buna* 

A. Sb Af^. Germ. A^ a house. 

4. A place where one wishes to be eon- 
cealed. Ferguson. 

A.S krfh^ spelunca, a den. 
HOISPEHO Y, s. A game used in Banff, 
shire, similar to Hide and Seek. 

O. Fr. oyez, hear, and eerier, to spy ; 
q. listen, I espy you. 
To HOIST, n. n. To cough. V. Host. 
To HOIT, HOYTE, tMi. To move with 
expedition, but stiflly and clumsily, SL 
IsL kaut-a, cursitare more deleotae 
Hon, s. A hobbling motion, S.B. 
HOLYN, HOLENE, s. The boUy, S. 

A. & kolen, id. Wallaee. 

To HOLK, HOUK, HOWK, v. a. 1. 

To dig. S. Dougfat. 

2. Metaph. to search. B. Bruce* 

Su. G. AolA-o, cavare, firom Ao/, cavua. 

HOLKIS, s. pi. A disease of the eye ; 

keucky &B. Dougias, 

To HOLL, V. %. To excavate, & 

A.S. Ao^iaa, id. 
HoLL, Howx, at(j. 1. Hollow, deep ; Aev, 

5. Pakceffom. 
9. Concave. IkmgUu. 
S. Giving a hollow sound, & Bums. 

Isl. Ao^ar, cavus, concavuSi 
HoLL, f. Hold of a ship. Waliaee. 

HOLLIGLASS» #. A character in okl 
Romances. Poems letk Cent. 

Belg. Uyle^spegel, i. e. Owt^lasst the 
original work being written in Dutch. 
HOLLION, s. Conjoined with A^ Ang. 
HOLM, HOWM, s. The level low ground 
on the banks of a river, &, Aoom, S.B. 
Isl. Aioam-r, a little valley. Wyntown. 
HOLT, s. A wood ; as in E. 
HOLT, f. 1. High and barren ground. 
IsL koUt, terra aspen et steiilis. 
% A very small bay cock, or a small 


^fuantily of manare before it is ^retd, 

Pumfr. Slmtut, Ace, 

HOME, a4;. Close, urgent, S. Spalding. 


and confused in manner. Dunbar. 

Peril, from urhummilt andjunUfU. 

HOMYLL» aig. Having no horns; S. 

hummil, kummiU. V. Hummiu 

Isl. kmmkh membrt mutilatione im- 
To HOMOLOGATE, v. a. To give an 
indirect approbation of any thing, S. 

HONE, «. Delay. Barbour. 

Apparently from ^om. How, q. ▼. 
HONEST, wg, Honouiable. ITi/niown. 
HoMisv>UKi, atg, 1. Goodly ; as regard- 
ing the person* S. 

SL As respecting drev ; not shabby, S. 
3. Having the appearance of liberality, 
or of plenty, S. 
HoKxsTT, i. 1. Respectability. Wyntown. 
S. Liberality, & Mutherford. 

5. Decency, as becoming one*s station, 
8, Lat hanui'Ui, kind; decent. Xellt/. 
HOO, f. Delay. V. Hori. fFaUace. 
HOO, ». Cap. V. How. 
HOODED CROW, The pewit gull, 
Orkn. Barry. 

TVi HOOL, v.a. To conceal, S.B. 

So. G. hod'Ja, operire ; Moes. G. kul" 
HOOLIE, ai0. Slow. V. Holt. 
To HOP, HAP, ti. n. To dance. JDouglat. 

Tout hopp-euy salire, saltare. 

HOP, HOPE, u A sloping hollow be- 

tween two hills, or the hollow that forms 

two ridges between one hiJl, South of 

& WaUace. 

Celt hope, petite vallee entre des mon- 


HOPE, f . A small bay, Orko. JFyntown. 

Isl. hop, recesstts maris. 

HORIE GOOSE, the Brent goose; also 

horra, Orkn. Statist. Ace. 

HORN, t. A ▼essel for holding liquor • 

figuratively used for its contents, S. 

Jsl. horn, poculum. Bamsay, 


Hoay, #• An eicrescence on the fbof^ a 
com, &B« 

Sw. lik-ikorfh id. q. a body-horn. 

HoaN, i. To put to the ham^ to denounce 
as a rebel; a forensic phrsse ; from the 
■ formality of blowing a horn, S. 


Hoamva, ». Or, Letter ^ Homing, a let- 
ter issued from his Majesty's Signet* 
and directed to a Messenger, who is re- 
quired to charge a debtor to pay the 
debt for which he is prosecuted, or per* 

• form the obligation within a limited 
time, under the pain of rebellion, S. 


HoEKK, «. One of the consteUations. Doug. 

Hoav-DAFT, acf;. Outrageous; perhaps in 
allusion to an animal that pushes with 
the Aor?i, S. 

HORRING, M. Abhorrence. Buchanan. 

HORSE, M. A faucet, &B. 

HORSE-COUPER, s. A horM-dealer, 

a coitfii. 

HORSE-GANG, f. A certain quantity 
of land, & Pennant. 

HORSEGOUK, i. The green sand-pi- 
per. Shed. Dan. horse gioeg. 

HORSE-KNOT, s. Common blackknap- 
weed. S. Lightfoot. 

HORSE-MUSCLE, s. The pearl oyster, 
S. Statist. Ace. 

HOSE-FISH, «. The cuttle-fish, S. 0- 
fsh, Loth. Sibbaid. 

HOSE-NET, s. I. A small net, afiixed 
to a pole, resembling a stockings S. 
2. In a hose-net, in an entanglement, S. 

To HOST, HOIST, v. n- 1. To cough, & 


2. Metaph. to belch up ; applied to the 

effusions of grief or displeasure. Doug. 

S. To hem, S. 

A.S. hweost'On, Su. G. host^a, id. 

Host, Hoast, Hoist, «. I, A single act of 
coughing, S. Dunbar. 

2. A settled cough, S. iT. Mart. 

5. A hem, S. 

4. Denoting what is attended with no 

difficulty or hesitation. It did na cost him 

a host, Si Ro$u 



A.& hweost, Belg. koui, id. 
HOST A. interj, Expreasing swprite, tnd 
perhapfl hesitation, Ang. Shirrrfs^ 

Moe9.G. katu-joHf audira. 
To HOSTAY, r. a. To benegeu 

Fr. hoUoyer, id. WytUawn, 

innkeeper. Fr.Aos& HTaOaee, 
HoniLLAm, HosTiujiRnf $» An inn. 

Fir. hostOerie, id. -rfrt* /a. /. 

To HOTCH, V. n. To mwre the body by 
Hidden jerksi S. 

Teut hfat-eth Belg. Aoti-en, Fr. 
Aocft-«r, to jog. 
HOTCH-POTCH, *. A diah of brolih, 
made with mutton or lamb, cot into 
amall piecea, together with green peaa, 
canota, turnips, and aometimea paisley 
or celery, served up with the meat in it, 
& Teut. kuU'poi, Fr. hockepoU 
To HOTTER, v. a To crowd together ; 
expressive of individual motion, S.O. 
Teut. Aotf-en, coalescere. /. UkoL 
HOU, <. A roof traa V. How, #.4. 

3^ HOUD« o. M. 1. To wrigglOi S. 

2. To move by succusaation. Loth. 
HouD, t' The act of wriggling, S.B. 
V. II. 1. To lodge. Barbour, 

S. To stay, to tarfy. Douglas, 

Crenn. hof-en, domo et hoapitio exci- 
To HOVE, V. n. I. To swell, S. Hogg, 
S. To riae» to ascend. Polwart, 

Dan. hw^r, to-aweU. 
HOVEk * Akthuk's Hovk, the ancient 
building called JHkur^t Oon, S. 

HOUFF, M. A haunt. V. Hoif. 
To HouFF, V. ti. To take shelter, S. 
HOUFFIT, part. Heaved. JT. Bart. 
HOUGH, adj. Having a hollow sound. 
HOUGH, adj, (gutt) 1. Low, mean; 
pron. hogh, Ramsay, 

8. In a poor state of health, S. 
To HOUR, v. a, Expl. To heap. CI, Sibb, 
HOUK, s. A large idiip. DougloM. 

Su.G. hoUct navis oneraria. 


HOURia s.jpl, 1. Matina. BeBmim* 
S. Metaph. the chanting of birda. 

Fr. heurest a book of prayers for cer* 
tiin hours, 
HOURS. Ten kimth ten o'clock. & 

AcU j€U /• 
Fr. fu*dU keure, S, what hours T 
HOUSS, s, A castle. WaUact^ 

Su.G. At», caatellnm, arx. 
HOW, ay. Hollow. V. Hoix. 
How, i. 1. Any hollow place, 8. Bmu 
8. A phdn, S. SiaHU. Ace, 

5. The hold of a ship. Douglas. 

4. Dung in the howest overturned. 


HOW, J. A tnmuloa, Oikn. Stat, Aec 

laL haug, Su.G. hoeg, a aepokfaial 


HOW, «. L A coif or hood. &B. pron. 

hoo. ^^¥' 

Belg. A«vM, Dan. Atie, id, 
2. A chapl^ Dou^oM^ 

A.S. hufe, tiara. 

5. fiWy hovft also happy how, a mem- 
bmne on the bead, widi which soma 
children are bom ; pron. hoo^ S.B. 

HOW, HOU, HOO, s. A piece of wood, 
which joins the couple-wings together at 
the top, on which rests the roof-tree of 
a thatched house, S. Ramsay. 

Su.G. htiff aummitaa tectL 
HOW, s. A hoe, S. Fr. houe. Barbour. 
HOW, HOU, s. 1. Hie aoond made by 
the owl. Fr. hu^er, to hoot Doug, 
2. A sea cheer. Complaynt S. 

To HOWD, t;. a. To act as a midwife, S. 
IsL tod, diildbirth, iod sott, the pangs 
of childbirth. 
HowDT, I. A midwife, S. Ramsay. 

Su.G. iodgumma, id. i. e. as fr^ 
quently expressed in S. a houdy-wife. 
To HOWDER, V, n. To move by suc- 
cusaation, S. Ferguson. 
3b HOWDER, v, a. To hide, Loth. 

HownnAiro, par^ pa. Hiding. Dunbar. 
S.B. hode, to hide ; or Teut, hoeder, 


HOWE, ifUerj. A call. S. Dougloi* 

Daa* Aoo« Fr. ho. id. 
name given Orkn. to such of the PicU* 
booses as still appear like tumuli. 
Ftom How, a tumulus, q. ▼. 
HOWTN, part. pa. Baptised. VynL 
HOWLLIS HALD, a ruin ; q* an owl's 
habitation. * Dunbar, 

HOWPHYN, 5. A term of endearment, 
equivalent to £. darling. Evergreen. 
C. B. hoffdyn, one who is beloved. 
HOW SA, adv. Although. Barbour. 
HOWTOWDT, s. A hen that has never 

Vf. husiaudeaUf hutaudeaUf any well- 
grown pullet. 
9. A hubbub, a tumult, S. Bou. 

Teut. kobbd'en, inglomemre ; mAowc, 
3V HUCK, t^. n. To hesitate as in a bar- 
gain, q. to play the kucktter. Z. Bcyd. 
HUCKI£.BUCKI£,f. Ap1ay,in which 
diiMren slide down a hill on their Auidb- 
er$, Lodi. V. Hdnkba. 
HUD, t. The trough employed by masons 

for canying mortar. Loth. 
To HUD, V. n. To hide. V. Hon. 

Leg. St Jindroit. 
Flabby in per»n, aatd slovenly. Ang. 
prcn. hntherin. Kelly. 

2. Ugly, hiH«ouK» Aberd. Jomm. Land. 
S. Empty; ill-filled, Orkn. 

Teut. huyder-en, to have the odder 
HimDBOuy, t. BeUy^huddnmn, t. A glut- 
tonous sloven. Dunbar. 
carrion crow, S.B. koddy craw, S.A. 
hudditerau. ComplayniS. 
HUDDS» $. A kind of cUy hardened, 
used for a back to a grate, Dumfr. 

Stat. Ace. 

HUDDUM, HUDDONE, #. A kind of 

whale. Douglat. 

HUDGE-MUDGE, adj. aandestinely, 

& B. Poems Buck. Dial. 

Su.G. miugg, secretly, compounded 


with hug-a, to meditate, O.Tcat Avg^Jfc- 
en, to observe. 
HUD.PYKE, «. A miser. Dunbar^ 

Su* G. pick^hogadt qui avide deside* 
HUFUD, s. A stroke on the head, & B. 
ger-mugger, Fife. V. Husoe.muook, 
HUICK, t. A small rick of corn, BanflTs. 
jPo HUIK, v. a. To consider, to regard. 
Citron. S. P* 
Teut. huggk-eUf observare, consid*- 
HUKEBANE, #. Huckle-bone, &B. 

Su. G. Isl. hvlc^a, indinare ae. Dunbar, 
To HUKE, Perhaps, to tack; Teut, 
huek*enf incurvare. MatOand P* 

HULGIE-BACK, u Hump back. 

GL Bo9U 
HoL6n*aACKBn, 04;. Hump-backed, &Br 

Su. G. hulHg^ convexus, E. hulck. « 
HULY, HOOLIE, aij;. Slow, moderate 
S. heelief Aberd. Douglas. 

Move, to suy, &, or Su. Q. hqflig, mo- 
HULLION, s. A sloven, Fifew 
HULLCOCK, s. The Smooth hound, • 

fiah, Orkn. 
HULTER CORN, s. The same with 
shilling, Aberd. q. hulled. Stai. Ace* 
HUM, «. A sham, S. 

Su. 6. Aam, an uncertain rumour. 
To HUM, To feed, as birds do their 

young, by billing, Ang. 
HUMANITY, s. The study of the Lati% 
language. Hence the BumanUy Clots, 
that in which this is taught; and tho 
te|u:her, the Professor ofhumcnihf. 
I^at IMsrae Humaniores. Stat. Ace, 
HUMDRUM, s. D^cction, S.B. Ross, 
IsL humm-a, admurmurare, and 
drom^. tarde et lente gradi. 
HUMEST, 0i(;. Uppermost V. Umast. 

HUMLY, mff. Humble. Bellenden. 

HUMLOIK, 5. Hemlock. Lyndsay, 

HUMMEL, s. A drone. Dunbar. 

Germ. humineU fucus. 
To HUMMEL, v. a. To kummil bear, to 


fliparata the grain of bariey from the 

beards, &B. 
HuMMSL-coEN, J. Grain which wants a 

beard, as pease, &c. & B. Siat. Ace* 
Su.G. hatnl-a, to mutilate. 
HUMMEL, tuff. Wanting horns. V. 


HUMMIE, A. The game otherwise called 
8hiniie% Loth* 

H UMSTRUM, t. A pet. GV. Shirr. 

Hum, as in hum^drunh 9oA strun, q. v. 

HUND. s, 1. A dog, & Dunbar. 

Moes.G, hundt, A.S. ^9ul,canis. 
S. An avaricious person, 8. 
Teut hand, homo avarus. 

HUNE, «. Delay. V. Homs. Dwibar. 

Ta HUNE, v.n. To emit a querulous 
sound, Aug. Su.G. Aicu'n^, lugere. 

HUNGRY GROUND, ground, by su- 
perstition, believed to be so much under 
the power of enchantment, that he who 
posses over it would infiiUilAy faint, if 
he did not use something for the sup- 
port of nature, West of S. 

To HUNKER, o. n. To squat down. 

Gt. Shirr. 

To HcKKza, o. a. The same. Pop* BalL 

HoKKKks, *. pi. T0 $ii on oiieV huniert, 
to sit with the hips hanging downwardf , 


IsL hulc-a, incurvare se modo cacantis. 

HUPES of a mill, s. pi. The circular 

wooden frame, which surrounds the 

millstones, Loth. q. hoops. 

To HUR, V. n. To snarl. Muaes Thren. 

Lat hirr»ire, id« 
HURBLE, s. A lean or meagre object, 

HURCH AM, cu^. Like a hedgehog. 

HURCHEON, «. A hedgehog, & 
HURD, HURDE, «. A hoard, S. 

HURDIES, t. pi. The buttocks, S. 

HURDYS, t. pL Hurdles. 

Gawan and Gol. 

Germ, hurd, Belg. horde, Fr. howrde* 

To HURDLE, V. n. To crouch like a 

cat or hare, & B. Gi. Shirrrfs. 


HURE, HORE, «. A whoie, & 

Godiy Sangu 
A.& hure. Tout hur, Belg. hoere. 
HoRKooMK, Whoredom, id. 
To HURKILL, HURKLE,e.ii.l. To 
draw the body together, & DaugloM* 
2. To be in a rickety state. Dunbar^ 
5. To be contracted into folds. Riimm* 
H u&KLK-BACKiT, ai(;. Crobk. backed, & 

Godly BalL 
Belg. hurk^en, to squat, to ait stonpingi 
HURL, I. The act of scolding & 
HURLE BEHIND, the dianhoea. 

HURLEBARROW,s. A wheel-banow, 
S. UTattaiu 

HURLY, f. Ezpl. the " last** 

FoemsBuck. DiaL 
HURLIE-H ACKET, $. Sliding down a 
precipice^ S.A. I^^ndsay^ 

Su.G. hurr^a, whence £. hurif and 
kalkMi, to slide. 
HURLOCH, URLOCH, atfi. Qoody, 
Gael, obherlach. Faputar BalU 

HURRY-SCURRY, u An uproar, Ang. 
Su. G. Aarra, cum impetu drcuaagi ; 
Aarra, sonum stridulum edere. 
HURSTIS. v. HiasT. 
HURTHY, L. Aurtfy, prompUy. Avletfr. 
Germ. hurU^, eipeditus; kwrU impe- 
HUSBAND, s. A farmer. Barbour. 

A.S. huAonda, L.B. huAanda^ pa- 
terfamilias agrienltuimm exeKena* 
HusBANo-LAMiS s. A dlvinoil of land. 

HUSCHER, «. An usher. Sr TriOrewu 

Fr. kuimer^ id. from hukt * door. 
HUSE, L. h^f^ Urry. HoulaU. 

HUSH, t. The Lump, a fish, 8. 
To HUSH, V. n. To rush. Loth. 
HUSHEL, a. Any implement that la 

worn out, Ang. 
HUSHION,s. Apparently the same with 

HoeMhin. Bums. 

HUSSYFSKAP, s. Housewifery. V. 

HUSSILLING, f. A rattling or clashing 

noise. Dougku. 

To HUSTLE, V. n. To emit inch a sound 


as an infimt does when highly pleased, 
Ang. IftL kwid-^t in aurum suftumre. 

HUT, An overgrown and indolent per- 
son, Ang. 

Hut, Hand- hut, f. A small stack built 
in the field, S. 

HUT, «. A square basket, formerly used 
in Galloway for carrying out dung to 
the field, of which the bottom opened to 
let the contents fall out 

HUTHER, 1. A wetting mist, S. B. 

It*8 BUTHsaiN, it rains sligbdy, ibid. 

Isl. hntfrar, parum pluit ; hit(f¥, plu- 

> Tiateniiis. 


HUTHERIN, f. 1. A young hetfer, 
Ang. Loth. V. HuDDKEiN. 
S. A stupid fellow, Orkney. 
HUTTIS ILL, some disease. iZouO. 
HUTTIT, ai{j. Hated, abominable. 

Su.G. hutta, cum indignatione et 
contemtu ejicere. 
HUTTOCK. t. Perhaps mitre. Pa/. Hon. 

Fr. haute toquct high cap. 
To HUZZH, V. a. To lull a child, S. 

Isl. Aow-a, id. 
HWINKLB FACED, a^. Lantern, 
jawed, Orkn. 


J corresponds to Gem. Belg. teh, Su.G. 
Isl. sir. Y, as prefixed to verbs, parti- 
ciples and ▼erbal nouns, is merely the 
vestige of A.SL ge, corresponding to 
Moes. /« is a termination used 
for forming diminutives. 

J A, s. The jay. JBannati^ Psems. 

J ABB, s. A net for catching the firy of 
coaUfish. Stat, Aec. 

JABBIT, adj. Fatigued, jaded, Gl. Shirr, 

JABBLE, «. Soup, Aberd. Stirrefk. 

JACINCTYNE, t. Hyacinth. DmgUn. 
Fr.jacynthet id. 

JACKSTIO, t. Jsck-pndding. Polwart, 
Su.G. tt^tumultuari; IsL #ly^-r, 

To JAG, V, a, 1. To job, S. Watsoiu 

2. To pierce. Douglas. 

Germ, zack, cuspis; xeichnen, to prick. 

JAG, s. Jack, or hunter, fiuhionof boots. 
TeuUjagk-enf agitare feras. RUton, 

JAGGET, s. A full sack dangling at 
every motion. 

To JAIP, JAPE, ». a. To mock. Doug. 
A, S. gablh-ant Su. G. gabih-af irridere. 

Jait, Jafi, «. 1. A mock. Douglas, 

2. A deception. Douglas. 

Jaipir, jAPia, s. A buflfbon. , Gl. Sibb. 

JAY-PYET, s. A jay, Ang. Pertbs. 
To JAK, V. n. To spend time idly, S. 
jauk, q. V. Priests PtbHs. 

Jaukiit, s. Dallying, S. Bums* 

JAKMEN, s. pi. Retainen kept by a 

landholder, for fighting in his quarrels. 

MaiOand Poems. 

Fr.jaquet a short coat of mail worn 

by them. ' 

JAM, s. A projection, S. Stat. Ace* 

Fr, jambe, a corbel 
To JAMPH, V. a. 1. To mock, S. Ross. 
2. To shuffle, & Ross. 

S. To act the part of a male jilt Id* 
4. To trifle^ S. 

Su.G. slcymf^, to scofiT, sehimj^f-enf 

id. Su. G. skaemta tidertp tempus fallere* 

JAMPHxa, s. A BCofFer, S. Ross. 

Tent sehamper, denser. 

JANGEALAR,«. A juggler. Dunbar. 

To JANGIL, JANGLE, v. n. To prat^ 

tie. Ft.jangl-er, id. Complaynt S. 

jAiroLoua, t. A prater. Barmatyne P. 

Fr. jangleur, id. 
To JANK, V. n. 1. To trifle, Loth. Ocland. 
IsL kiaenk-a, arridere, might seem al- 

2. Tojank off, to run oflf. Loth. 
J ANKIT,;)arf. a<;. Fatigued, jaded, Loth. 
JANTY, a4f. Cheerful, Fife. A. Douglas. 
Su. G. gant'Os, to sport like children. 
To JAPE, ». a. To mock. V. Jaif. 
To JARG, V. n. To make a sharp shrill 
noises to creak, Bord. Dou^as. 


f . To fliodi. UeikUrs MS. 

Su^G. jerg'^ eadem oberrare chorda. 

2b Jaegls, V, n. To produce reiterated 
•brill sounds, Boid. a dimin. from Jargf 
orftom O.Fr. jergouUl'er, to mumUe, 
to mutter. 

Jamoltvb, I. Chattering. Compltnfni 5. 

To JARR, «. n. To make a harsh and 
grating noise; £.^r. Dou^Iom, 

To JARR, V. n. To stir with a staffin wa- 
ter. Alem. gbrr-ent turiMre. Dougiau 

JASP, f. Jasper. Fr. id. Henrytone. 

JAUDIE, s. 1. The atomacfa of a hog, 

S. A pudding of oat-meal and boga* 
lard, with onions and pepper, inclosed 
in a sow*s sto m ac h , Loth. S.A. 

C.B. gwaethgenf omasum* a fat tripe; 

Ann. guadec, a pudding; guadegen kig 

wiinset, a haggia. 
JAVEL. V. jKfwL. 

jailor. Bettenden. 

To J A UK, V. n. To trifle, S. Burm. 

Isl.jocit-a, continuo agitare; or Tcut. 

gack-en, ludere. 
JAW, JAWE, <. 1. A wave, S, Douglai. 

S. A flash of water, a 

3. Coarse raillery, petulant language, 

S. Burm. 

A. Loquacity, 91 
To Jaw, v, n. 1. To dash, S. Mnut. Bord. 

S. V, a. To spirt, S. Banuay* 

3. To assault with coarse raillery, & 

To JAWNER, «. n. To talk foolishly, 

aydes. FaU$ofCfyde. 

JAWP, JAUP, JALP, 1. 1. A flash, • 

dash of water. Douglas. 

S. A spot of mud or dirty water, & 

5. Dregs, a A. J.NicoU 

Vron. Jalp, both in the North and South 

Of & ; in the West JaM^ie. 

IsL giolf-ur, a hissing or roaring 

wave ; gfalfr^, giaip'^it obstrepere^ alii- 

dere» applied to the dashing of waves ; 

Belg. Kwoipt a flash of water. 
To Jawf, v. n. To dash and rebound «i 

water, & Jhugias. 


To Jawp, Jalp, 9, a. To bespatter witli 

nuHl, a JTsfly. 

JAWTHERa «. pi» Idle, frivolous dis- 

course, S. Isl. ghffra, inoondiu kqni. 

TB£T,jwrt.i». Supplied. PaLBotu 

A. a gebette, emendatus. 
ICHONE, YCHONE, Each one. lUmg. 
TCORN, part. pa. Selected. Sir TnM. 
A.a gjteoren, selectus ; ge-ciir-o% 
S11.6. ibra, eligere. 
ICKER,«. Aaearof com. V. Earn. 
ICTERICK, a4j. Of or b^onging lo 
jaundice. Fr. icierifue. MeiinWt MS. 
YDANT, adj. Diligent. V. Ithaks. 
YD Y, 1. An eddy, a pooL HomiaU. 

Isl. ida, vortex aquae, I'dwi, more flu- 
entis aquae dicumcursito. 
IDLESET, s. The state of being idle, & 
Q* Mf or placed itUe. B Bruce, 

YDILTETH. t. Idleness. X. Jb. FT. 

A. a idd Udf tempoa vacuum. 
YDRA W, part. pa. Drawn ; metaph. ad. 
vanced. DomgUu* 

To JEALOUSE, v. a. To ni^ect, & 


JEBAT, «. A gibbet BeUenden, 

JEDD ART JUSTICE, A legal trial al^ 
ter the infliction of punishment, a 

3iinsireUy Border, 

JmauaoR sTAFPy A kind of spear, for 

making which the artificers of Jedburgh 

were formerly ceiehnted. Spaldingp 

JEDGE, f. A gauge. Jcu.Jd. VL 

O. Fr.jttuger, to gage. 
To J£E, 1. Tomove^tostir, a Eosu 
2. To move to one Bida» a Gee, £. 

Sw. gaa, to budge; also to torn round; 
'Isl. gag-aU, in obliquum ferri. 
To JEEG, t'. «. 1. To creak, a Banua^ 
S. Tojeeg ai, to woi^ so as to make • 
cieakin^ noise, a 

Isl. Jag-Of eadem oberrare chorda ; or 
gigia, a fiddle. 
JEEGLER, s. An unfledged bird. Loth. 
JELLY, atQ. 1, Upright, worthy, aB, 

S. Excellent in its kind, Moray. 

Su. G.giff, aUe; alio denoting the ra«- 
i«l qualities. 


J£LULT, adv. Merrily, Monqr ; M^ 

E. PapviarBaiU 

JILXET, #. A giddy glri, S. perhap. corr. 

from KjOt. Jffttm*, 

JEMMIES *. irf. A spedet qf wooUca 

cloth, Aberd. 
JENEPBRE, <. Janiper. JT. Oiwnr. 
JEOPERD, f. A bfttUe. BeileruUn, 

JsopARTY TBOT, «• 1. A quick moCioR b^ 
tween running and walkings Dumfn 
S. A contemptuous designation, perhaps 
aaequiTalcni;toeofMr<i,/Mtti'wm, Duvat 
lER-OE, t. A great grandchild, aO. 

Ir. iar, after, and wh a grandchild. 
s. pi. Gilliflowers. JCing^t Quair. 

Teut gheroffel, tat. eartfophyOot id. 
JESP, <. A gap in the woof, S. 
JEVE, «. A shove with the elbow, SL 

Germ. iekeib^9n^ Su. G. th/^uhOt pro- 
7e Jarsi, v. a. To joggle^ Aug. 
Te JEVEL, «. n. To more obliqady. 



contemptuous term ; meaning unknown* 


TFERE, adv. In company. V. Fxai. 

JIFFIE,«. A moment, Loth. Jijgin, S.A. 

JIMP, J. Thin sUps of leather, put be- 
tween the outer and inner soles of a 

IsL Aaent-Oj brerem reddere; ao 
thoH as to be of no proper use. 
To JIMP, ».n. To leap, a 
JYMP, *. A quirk. V. GrMP, j. 
JIMP, a^. 1. Neat, slender. & 

MimtrOsy Border. 
S. Scanty, & V. Gtxp, adj. 
JIMPa t. fL A kind of easy stays, S. 

Jumps, £• 
JusFVT, r. The same with Jimps, Pop. BaU. 
JINGLE, s. The smooth water at the 

back of a stone in a river, Ang. 

To JINK, V. R. To elude a person who If 

uyiog to lay hold of one, S. jenkt a BL 


2. To cheat, to trick, a P. Buck, Dial. 


3« To make a quick turn. Buina* 

4. To escape, to avoid, a Fergusofiu 

5. To spend time idly, S. A. J. NicoL 
Su.G. smfdc^t subterfugia quaerere^ 

Germ. scAietfiAr-tfn, celeriter movere. 
JiHK, s. The act of eluding another, a 

JiMUtt, s. 1 . A gay sprightly ^rL Eanuay. 
2. A horse quick in its motions. Bumsm 
To JIRBLE, V. n. To spill liquids, Fife. 
JIRGLE, J. Any small quantity of liquor 
left in the bottom of a glass, or that haa 
been emptied from one vessel to ano- 
ther, a 
To JiaoLK, e. n. To empty any small quan- 
tity of liquor from one vessel to another, & 
To JIRK, tX. a. V. CuiaK. 
JI RT, s. EzpL «« jerk. " Bums. 

JIfiP, J. Aflaw, fracture, or small orifice, a 
Isl. geisp^f hisco, geispe, q. a chink. 
To lie injizMen, to be on the straw, aB. 
^ 'Forbes. 

O. Fr. gesisu, lying in child-bed j get- 
ir, to be in child-bed i Jj,B. gesina, pu- 
IK, IC^mm. L A.aic« Barbour. 
IC, eofij. AlsoJ Barbour. 

A. a tc-aii, toaddr 
ILD, o. imp. Would not.' fFtftitown. 

IUihey,wiUthey,&.B. IsLitf-o, con- 
ILK, ILKA, a4;, pron. Each, every; ilk- 
one, every one, a Barbour* 

A. a ade, dc^ omnis, singulus. 
ILK, ILKE, a*^. The same. Douglas. 
A.a ylc, ylca, id. Of that Ok, of the 
same ; denoting that he, who is thus de- 
signed, has a title the same with his sur- 
name. BeOenden. 
Ilkadat, «. A lawful day, as distinguished 
from that which is appropriated to Chria- 
tian worship, a from ilk, every, and <fay« 
FaUs of Clyde. 
Bkadays daise, the clothes worn on or- 
dinary days, by the working classes, aa 
distinguished from those reserved for 
Sabbath, a 
ILL, 1. 1. The evil, or fatal effects ascri- 
bed to the influence of witchcraft, a 


£4 Tbe usplenients of husbandry on a 
farm. BtUenden* 

5. Means of subsistence. BeUenden* 
A.S. intaete hui, casa, ca!»ula. 

IxsioHT, a^. In relation to household fur- 
niture. Spalding, 
2. As to agricultural implements. Id. 

2V INSYLE, ». a. To infold. V. SttK. 

IKSPRAICH, I. Furniture of a houa^ 
Loth. V. SFAAJCiuia. 

Xtfg. ^« Androii* 
INSPREMT, pret. v. Sprung in. V. 


INSTRUMENT, «. A written document, 
given in proof of any deed of a court, 
or transaction of an indifidual in that 
court, S. 

To ask an intinunent. or instrutnentt $ 
to demand a legal document with r^ 
spect to a deed. G» Buchanan. 

SL To take insirumeni or instruments^ to 
throw down money to the clerk of a 
court, as claimiog the benefit of a deed, 
or as confirming a protest against it; 
used improperly, S. Spalding^ 

L.B* inttrumentumt a document. 

To INSWAKK, v.a. To throw in. V. 
SwAK. Douglas, 

To INTAKE, V. a. To take a fortified 
place. BaiUie* 

Sw. intag-a, to take a town. 

INTAKE, #• 1. The bringing in of the 
crop, S. 

2. A contraction, in sewing, S. 
9. That portion of running water which 
is taken off from the principal stream, 
S. Law Cau. 

4. A fraud, a swindling trick, S. 

5. A swindler, Aberd. 

7o INTEND, v.n. To direct one'scourse. 

L.B. intend-ere, id« Lyndsay. 

To INTEND, V. a. To prosecute lej^aily. 

a forensic term. Acts Sed. 

L. B. intend'cre, jadtdo contendere. 
To INTENT, v.a. Same as the preced- 

ingv. intent-are, id, fVodrow, 
To INTERCOMMUNE, t. a. iobave 

any intercourse with one denounced a 

wbcL irodrow. 


iMTtftCOldCVKn, iNTKRCOUKOVn. «. 1. 

One who holds such intercourse. 

ActsJa ri0 

2. One who treats between parties at ta- 

rianoe. BaHUem 

INTERKAT, adf. Intricate. Henrysone. 

To lNr£RMELL,v.ii. Tointenmngle* 

V. Meij. 

To INTER PELL. v. a. To importuneb 

Lat. R Bruce* 

To INSIST, V. n To continue in a dis^ 

course, S. Mvnstrdsy Border* 

To INTERTRIK, v. a. To censure. 

Fr. enire and triquerf to cull out* 
INTEST. Perhaps, troubled. EouIaU* 

O. Fr. entest-er, to trouble. 
INTHRANG, pret. Pitsssed into. V. 
Turing. Dunbar* 

l^TihU prep, 1. In, & Barhatw. 

2. Into, as denoting entrance, S. 
To INTROMIT, v. n. To intermeddle 
with goods that belonged to one deceit 
sed, S. . Erskine* 

L.6, intntmUt-ere, id. 
Imtroiossion, s, Tbe act of intermeddling 
in this way, & Erskine* 

Iktromitter, iNTaoMjEiTXR, «• Ouo who 
intermeddles, as defined abovc^ & 

To INTRUSS, t^ a. To intrude. 

Fr. ititrus, intruse, intruded.^ ' 
IN VAIRD, L. Insxart. inwardly. 


To INVAIRD, INWARD, v. o. To put 

invKtrd. GL 8ibb^ 

INUASl B I L, a€{f. Invading. J^oug/tag, 

INVl CTAND, paH. pa. Carrying. 


'L.'B, invect-are t or perh. infecting, 
INUN t MKNT, s. Oinmient. Dougu 

Lat. thungo 
INWITH, INNOUTH, adv. Withiq, 
S. V. OuTwiTH. BeUendcn* 

Sh. invtif within. 
1\ w iTH, a(l(j I ncl 1 nui^ downwards* S> Ross* 
To INYET, V, a. To infuse. V. Yar. 



30, JOlk #« 1- A twMUifWt^ S. 

S. Exprcffbg alBMlioo. «nd lome de- 

gn* of ftmiliaiity, a tyndm^. 

FV. jo^Joie I nwn jwt my d«riiiif . 

JOCKEY.COAT, i^ A gmt ocwt. a 

JOCKY.LANPY, #• A ligbctd rtick, 

wisp, or luiy ibiDg bbsiqg^ foolishly 

giTvn M a pUything to cbiblrM» aB. 

JOCKTEI.SG, #* A fbldiog Imife, a 

From Jaequn de Liege, the ntme of 
• celthntvd cutler* 
T0 JOG ILL, n. 4* To jog» a DnfgfM* 

Teut $ch«eM^€fh ¥M»lbr9» 
JOCTRO 1\ f. 1. Slow modoD on bone. 
Iwdu a ; oorr. dog-^roU 
s; A iMoticuUr niode of operation to 
which one pertinaciously adheref, a 
JOHN*S (St) NUTT, two nuta growing 
together in one busk; the p otsewi po of 
which is supposed to secure against 
witchcraft; Ounifr«, Pertha. 

Legfftd St AndraU. 

johnstom;s (st) ribband, v. 

lOTALL, a4j. Causing delight, fiurd. 
JOTEUSITT, s* JolUiy. Aar. 

JOINT, a. A word on< ifjomt, one te$ 

is improper in any respect, a 
3b 3^^^ JO Y% lOa V. a. To eijoy. 

JOMETTE, s. Apparently, marsh mari- 
gokL Fr. J9idn4Uv, id. JT. Quair. 

JORPELOO, aery which serranU in the 
higher stories in Edinburgh were wont 
to gke, after ten at night, when ibey 
threw their dirty water, && £rom the 
windows; also used to deade the coa- 
tents of the vessel. 

1. Day*s work. Wyntown* 

9. Battle, fight. Dwglat, 

3. Single combat. Wyniown. 

4. WarUke ezpeditiott. WuUace. 
Fr. jovm^, a day'a wok; abo^ a 

battU^ horn jour, a day. 
40T, f. A job» aB. GL Shirr. 


To JOT, V. a. To take short notat^ & 

E. jotf a point, a title. 
Jorti^io, ». A memorandum, a 
JOUCATTE, JOUCAT, * 1. A mea- 
sure of liquids. AO^ Ja. fJU 

8. Now used as synon. with gfif, Lod^ 
^JHggt Dan. jiij>yr, umik 

JOUGa<.;i^ V. Juaos. 

J0UG6, s pi. Bad liquors, aB. 

To JOUK, JOWK, JOOK, v.n. 1. To 

incline the body forwards with a quick 

motion, a JhugjUu, 

g. To bend in consequence of a stroke. 


9. To make obeisance. JTnor. 

4. To act dec^tfully, $, 

5. To yield to any present evil by ma- 
king the best of it, a Hamtay, 

Gecm. xuek en^ to shrink or shrugs 

in order 10 ward off a blow, ' 

Joox, JutK, s. 1. An erasife motion, a 


a A bow, a genufleijoo. Godl^ Bali. 

a A slight curtsey, aB. Ro$$. 

4. A shelter of any kind, Peilbs. 

5. A trick. Leg, 8t AnJrois, 
Jounnra. Jowxivo, «. 1. Shifting. Doug. 

8. Artful conduct, a 
JomcaT^rAWKET, s. Trick, joggling^ a 

Poems Buckan DiaL 
To JOUNDIE, JUNDIE, e. a. To Jog 
with the elbow, a Junme, a B. Jtosf. 
8w. skynd^a^ to hasten, to push te- 
JouMniic, Jovaiib ^ A posh with the el- 
bow, a Rawuay. 
JOURDAN, JORDAN,!. A chambeiw 
pot, a O.E. 

A. a gor, stereus, den cnbile. 
JOURNELLIE, adv. Dally. Lyndmy. 
T» JOW, «, n. 1. To n>ove ffom skle to 
side ; Icf Jew on, to jog on, a 
Sr To toll, a Bums. 

To Jow, e. a. To move, a B. Shimefs. 
8. To toll a laige bell by the motion of 
itaton^e. GUSIbb. 

S. To nog. Snox. 

Jow, ff. A single stroke in tolling^ a Percy. 
JOW, s. A juggler. Dw^kar. 

Vf. jott^er, to {day. 



Jo.TRDAW. Jhtnbar. 

lOWIS, 9. pi Jaws. Douglas, 

¥r.joue, the cheek. 
To JOWK, 9. n. To play tricks. JToulate. 
!n» IRK, ». n. To tire. Wallace. 

lax. arf;. Indolent. V. Eegh. Henrysone. 

A. S. eorg, piger. 
YRLE, «. A dwarf. Kennedy, 

IRNE, YRN, AIRN, 1. 1. Iron ; em, & 

2. In pi. fetters, & 

5. New off the aimtf recently come from 
finishing on^*9 studies, S. 
Isl. ianh Su.G. icm, id. 
IRRESPON8AL, a^j. Insolvent 

IRRITANT, a4j. Rendering nulL 

L.B. irritare, irritum facere. 
IRUS, IROWS, «(7. Angry, r^ntowii. 

Lat. tro, anger. 
Ikcslt, adv. Angrily. Barhour. 

IS» term. The mark of the genitive wag., 

as manis, of man ; in A.S. ei. 
To ISCH, ISCHE, V. n. To issue. 

O. Fr. yu-ir, id. Barbour. 

To IscuB, V. a. To cause to i«ue 

Isl. ys-fh expellere. Acts Ja. V. 

Ischm', s. Issue. DougUu. 

ISE, 1. I shalL Boss. 

2. 1 am. West of S. q. lis. 
ISECHOKILL» s. An icicte, S. ice- 
$hogle,S.A. Douglas. 

A.S. ice-ped, Belg. yskegel, id. 
ISILLIS»;>2. Embera. V. Eisel. 
ISK, ISKIE, tnteij. The word used in 
calling a dog, S. Bamsay. 

Fr. icy, hither ; or Teut aes, aesken, 
a dog. 

1. Busy, diligent ; S. eident* Doug. 

2. Steady, uniform. Barhour. 

3. Constant, continual. BelUnden. 
Su.G. IsL idin, laborious, industri- 

ous; idne, labour, industry ; from id, 
iTUAMntT, YTUAIII.T, Itbimoub, odv* I. 
Busily, diligently ; S. etdentUC' Dougm 
2. Without interruption. Barbour^ 


YTHRANGIN, pnt, v. Thniat tipwafda* 

V. TuaiKG, V. o. 
JUCAT, «. A measure. V. Joocatb. 
JUFFLER, s. Sbufiler. Dunkar. 


kind of pillory ; the criminal being ftft- 

tened to a wall or post, by an iron ooi- 

lar which surrounds his neck, S. 
lAUjug-^mf a yoke. Stat, Ace. 

IVIGAR, s. The Sea Urchin. SStb. 

JUM, adj. Reserved, not affable, & 
JUNCTLY. JUNTLY, adv. Compactly. 

JUNDIE, J. A push. V. Jounvue. 
To JUNE, V. a. To join. BeBendess. 

JUNT, s. A large piece of any thing, &» 

perhaps q. m joint. Bamsay^ 

JUPE, <. 1. A kind of short mantle for a 

woman, S. 

S. A vride or greatcoat, & Gl. SSbb. 

3, A bed-gown, Clydes. 

4. Jupes, pi. a piece of fiannel, oied lo- 
stead of suys, Ang. 

VT,jupe, a long coat. 
JUPPERTY, JEPERTY, j. 1. A war- 
like enterprise. Barbour* 
2. A battle, or conflict Wyntounu 
Fr. jeu parti any thing uncertain. 
JUPSIE, acO*. Big-headed, duU, and of a 

slothful appearance, Oikn. 
JUSTICOAT. #. A waistcoat vrith 
sleeves, & B. 

Frjust-au-corps, a dose coat 

To JUSTIFIE, V. a. To punish with 

death. Complaynt & 

lu'B.justificaref mentis poenis afficcre. 

Juanmvo, s. Subjection to capital pu^ 

nishment Piiscottie. 

JUSTRY, s. 1. Justice. Wallace, 

2. The justice eyre. Wy$Uommm 

To JUTE, r. a. To tipple, S. 

Su.G. g»tt/'«, A. a geot'on, fundcre. 
Juts, Joot, «. Sour or dead liquor, S. 

Belg.^cAl, slight beer. Bammy, 
JoTTia, s, A tippler. Ang. 
To JuTTLB, t>. n. To tipple, S. 
JUTE, s. A term of reproach applied to 

a woman, a jadof Clydes. 
JUXTER, s. A juggler; q. jouk$0er. 

V. JOOK, 9. 



KA, «. V, Kat. 

KABBELOW, #. Cod-fish m^ted and 
bnog for a few dll^ Ang. 
Bt]g,kabbeliauw, cod fish. 
KAY, KA, KAE, j. A jack^w, S. 

Taut, teff, A.& ceo, AlenA. ib, id. 
Xd'wattie, kay^battie, S.B. id. Teut 
AsKive/i-M, to chatter like a jack -daw. 
KAr-wnrcD, o^/. Hare-brained, S. ; q. 

giddy as a jack-daw. 
KAIL, KALE, f. 1. Hie generic name 
for ooleworf, & SUU. Ate. 

Isl. Dan. hud, id. 
S. Broth made of greens, especially of 
ooleworts, a Godly Sangt. 

Kah^rsosx, s. a sort of pottage made of 
meal and the scam of brodi, a V. 
Kail-stock, s. A plant of eolewort, a 

Shr. katdOok, the stem or sUlk of 
KaiL-outLT, «. A large knife for catting 
and shearing down ooleworts, a 

Popular BalL 
KAii>-ainiT. V. RuiiT. 
K&iL-wm, s, A green-woman, a CklafuU 
Kaii^TARiH s, A kitchen^garden, a 

S^. Jiee. 
Sw. hatdgardt a garden of herbs. 
To KAIM, KAME, KEME, v. a. To 
combf & 

To Jtame againat the hair, to oppose, a 

Kadc s. a combk a Minttr. Bind. 

8u.6. Dan. Belg. kam, A. a c«iin6, id. 
KAMTSTsa, $, A woolcomber. V. KaMB. 
KAIM, f. 1. A low ridge, Lanerks. 
/ fi. A camp or Anil ess, Soudi of a 

Gael. cmR, ezpl. a crooked bill; or 
rather Mod. Sai. kamt the summit of a 

KA zME, KAME, <• A honeycooibb 

KAIR, f. A mire, a puddle, Fife. 

IsLiarr, palus ; Sw. Idatrrt paludea. 
KAIRD, 4. A gipaey. V. Caird. 
K A I RS, «. p^ Rocks through wbidi there 

is an opening, a A.S. corr, a rock. 
KAISART, «. A cheese-vat; also call- 
ed chisxard, aB. 
Teut kaeae-horde, id. 
K A Y-WATTIE, *. A jack-daw. V. Kat. 
KAY-WITTED, a^j. Braiaisb, hoi- 

headed, hair^brained, a V. Kat. 
KANNIE, a<(f. Prudent, &c V.Caitvt. 
KAR. a4j. Left-handed. V. Ksa. 

KARRIEWHITCHIT, f. A fondling 

term for a chfld, Ang. 
KATABELLA, «. The Hen harrier, 

Orkn. Sarrff* 


V. Catuuhxs. 
KATOOLE, «. The Eagle-owl, OHlo. 

Sw. katu^ id. Barrjf* 

K ATOURia <. pi. Cetera. Boxdate. 

mean fellow. Dunbar* 

KEADY, mff. Wanton. V. Caigc, o. 
KEAVIE, f. A species of crab. SdMd. 
To KEB, V. n. To cast a lamb immaUire- 

ly, Bord. 
KxR, J. A ewe that haa braught fbrth im- 

maturely, or been prevented acddeotally 

ftom rearing. Complaynt S, 

To KEBBIE, o. a. To chide» Ang. 

Su. O. A^MMi, id. Su. G. it^ a quarrel. 
To Kaaan-LsasuE, v. ic To caiiy on al« 

tereation, Ang. 
KEBBRE, f. A rafter. V. CAaoa* 

f. A cheeseof a larger sisa, a Mamtay* 



KEBRACH, *. Very letn meat, Loth. 

V. Cauoch. 
KECKLING-PINS, «. pL Wires for 

knitting stockingi, Aberd. 
KED, «. The sheep-louse* Tweed, V. 

KEDOIE, 04;. Cheerful, &c. V. 


KEEK. J. linen dress for the hcnd And 
neck, Ang. -»>«• 

To KEEK. KEIK, v. ». !• To look whh 

• prying eye, S. Dunban 

2. To look by stealth, S- PeUuPI^^ 

So.G. WkHi, Belg. ify*-«t. inlenOs o- 

culis videre. 

To Keek thsouo^ o. o* 1. To procpip 
ciate» & 
S. To examine with aocnracy. Smmu 

KzxK, Kk«, *. A pe^, 8. Bttms. 

KoKUia, t, pL A cant term for eyes, S. 

Kkkk*», s. Bo-pecp, & Belg. kiekehOf id. 

KxuMMO-OLaaab t* A looking-glaBS, & 

8xanH»KxfKia, t. A slar-gaaer. 

Su.G. ttiemhimref id, 
KEEL, KEIL, #. Ruddle & i>N«iBS. 
Gael ci/, ruddle ; Fr. chaiOe, a rocky 
Tq KaiL, KsiL, V. a. To mark with md- 
dle, S. JTenmedy* 

KEELICK, f. 1. Anger, Teiation> Ang. 
Isl. keUt dolor. 
2. A stroke, Ang., also keelup* 
KILLING, KILLIN, t. Cod of a 
large siie^ & Sibbaid. 

IsL keOa, Sw. koifth a haddock. 
«. A black-lead pendl, 8. Perhaps ^ 
gmHk de vigne, a quill made from the 
'vine. Sir J, Sinclair . 

KEEPSAKE, 1. A token of legwd. SL 
KEEST, pret. Puked, S.B. 
KEETHING SIGHT, the view of the 
motion of a sslmond, bf marks in the 
water, &B. Law Case. 

TMs is the same wiih Kms, q. ▼. 
3^ KEIR, V. a. To^rive^ &B. 

Batmatyue Fbenu. 
IsL keir-a, S.G. koer-at to drive. 
KEIRi «• In some parts of S., an andcnt 


fortification. CB. coa*, afint. 

To KE YRTH, v. a. To scratch. 

Su. G. kmU^ih id. JDutiter. 

To KEYTCH, o. a. To toei, & V. 

Caciu. JRnMogfii 

KxTTCB, Ktkb, r. A toss, & XkiUf. 

KEITH, f. A sort of dam, Perths. 

Germ, tole, Su.G. hed^ a chaiB. 
To KEKKIL, KEKIL, «. «i. 1. T« 
cacUs^ & Omplajffa & 

a. To laugh aloud, a Doygfau 

Teut kackeUn, 8u.G. M^-o, id. 
KELCHYN, KELTEN,!. Amulet pdd 
hy one guilty of manslaughter, gen«- 
nOly to the kindred of the person kill, 
ed. A«.i6ir. 

Gael. gia/andctRnea,«xpL "paidta 
one's kinsmen ;'* or A.S. gaU; compen- 
satio, and cynn, cognatio. 
Ta KELE, a. a. To kilL ** Dm^faw^ 

KELL, r. L A dress for a woman's hcadr 

2. Ihe hinder pait of a woman's ca^ 
the eaui, 8. Belg. ibiwl, a cotC 
cart of wkkar, fixed to a square fianv 
and tumbling shaft% Ang. SiatkL Ace* 

Isl. Su.G. katUce, a dray or sledge. 
The spirit of the waters, who^ aa is tuI* 
gerly bdieved, gires previous iatimatiaa 
of the destruction of tboie who perish 
within his jurisdiction, by preiematnral 
lighu and noises, and even essinN in 
drowning them, Sb Minttrdtff Sorder^ 

Alem. ekttip. Germ. koSbt a calf? 

2. A raw-boocd youth. CV. Skhrr^ 

KELT, s. Ck>th with the ni^ generally 

of native black wool, 8. used both as a 

«.aad«(^ GLSkirr.Zeg.SlAndroiM, 

Id. kult, tapestry, or any raised woffk» 

KELT, «. A salmon that has bean ^wn^ 

tag, a foul fish, 8. ^Stofitf. Aee* 

Belg. hi^imeh, id. h/^ Taut. Jfcwlc» 
To KELTER, v. n. To move in an an- 
dulating manner, 8. 

Germ. keUer, vivarium. 


XELTER, f. Monty, Domfr* 
Germ. giU, id. 

K£LTI£, «. A larga glcis or tNimpor, 
impoied under the notion of puniihment 
OB thoM wiK\ M it it expreMtd, do not 
drinJtJair, & rOHe't mends, id. 

KELTIEa 9. pL Children, Ang. 

Su.G. ihiAf, aboy. 
KEMBIT, ». Hiepithorheinp^ Ayn. 

(jaeL etdnab, hemp. 
a\i KEME, V. 0. To comb. V. Kaix. 
KEME8TER, t* A wool^omber, & 

JiumnB Lowtt* 

fb KEMP, tk n. To itriy*, & Douir'a*- 

A.8b aMip-Niii, 80.0. Aoemp-a, cer- 


Kmr, f. 1. A dumpton. Bofigfoi* 

A. 8. cmpo, miles { 80. G. kaempe, 


S. Sometfanet it Includes the idea of 
/ UNQglfa «8d uncommon eixe. 

Bannatyne Poems, 

8. The chemploii of a party fa eontro- 

▼ersy* Witiyei* 

Dan. kempef a giant ; IsL miles itK 

Kaxr, J. The act of striving for snperio- 
rity, & J.KicoL 

^SiMMTESLt f. 1. One who strives ; now ge- 
nerally applied to reapets striving on 

2. One who is supposed to excel in any 

respect, S* JBott. 

IsL kaemper, is the pi. of kaempe, 

KncMv, J. llie act of atrivtng on the har- 
vest-fidd, & ji.Dou^as, 

2b KEMPEL, v. a. To cut into separate 
parts, 8iB* 

Stt.G. kappa, I^B. kapul-aret to am- 

KEMPLE, r. Forty wisps or bottles of 

straw or hay, o» Cbaytifil. 

To KEN, V, a. 1. To know, a O.E. 
2. To make known. Wyntown* 

8. To direct, in relation to a ooune. 

4. To direct, as to Uie means, S.B. 
IsL kenti'-at docere, Snstituere. 



5. To be able. fTyntowtu 

6. To ken a widow to her teree, to set 
apart her proportion of the lands which 
belonged to her deceased husband; a 
forensic phrase, 8. FounlainhalL 

8u.G. kaennra, eognoscere, sensu fo- 

3b KcH, V. n. To be acquainted. Wallace, 

Kaymir, r. 1. Acquaintance, S.B. 

9. A taste or smack of any thing, S. 

8, A small portion, 8. «f. NicoL 

4, A slight degree, 8. Bums, 

8u.G. kaewMi, to discover by tho 

KxNsrxcKU, atg. Having so singular an 
appearance, as to be easily reeognised^ 
& /. NipoL 

From ken, and A. 8. specce, a mark. 
KENE, KETNE,«{^ 1. Daring. 

Gawanand Goi, 
2. CrueL Sir Tristrem, 

A.S. eene, Su.G. koen, audax. 
KEHERED, preL 8drred. Sir Gawan. 
From C.B. cynhyrv-u, to move, to 
KENT, 5. A long staff used by shepherds 
for leaping over ditches or brooks, 8. 

To KEP, KEPP, KEIP, ».o. 1. To in- 
tercept, 8. DoMg/or. 
2. To receive in the act of foiling, 8. 

8. To meet in a hostile way. Barbour, 
' 4k To meet in an amicable way, S. B. 
Gawanand Cfoi, 
S. To meet accidentally, 8. 

A. 8. eep^n, Teut kepp-^n, captare. 
KsFAE, s. One who catches at a thing. 


KEPE, r. Care, heed. To takkepe, to tska 

caf«. WaUace, 

A. 8. eep-am, curare, adveitere. 

KER, KAR, a4f. Left, a Skene, 

Gael, caerr, id. 
KER, s. The soft kernel of suet, Ang. 
KERB, KIRB 8TONE8, The huge 
stones on die borders of a causeway ; q. 
eurb^ones, because serring as a fence 
to the rest, a Siaiist,Acc, 

KERS» KERSfi|» #. V. CaisB. 


K£RSS£S» f. pL CresMs, a 
A.S. caerut Bdg. ktrts, i^ 

K£ST, K£IST»jirqr.i;. 1. Threw* 

2. ThKw off in the cfaaie. D^mf^ 
5. ContrWed, fonned a pUn. WmUace. 

K£ST, paH. jta. Cased JSo^iate* 

K£T, K£TT, i. The fleih of animala that 
have died of disease or from accident, 
Loth. Bord. Su.G. koeU, IsL AvmI, caio ? 

To Kit, v. a. To corrupt. i7«iiryf<Nie. 

K£T, K£TT, s. A matted fleece, & 

CB. co^, bound; Ir. catetn, shag. 
Knr, «. The weed called quick^-gras^ SJL 
KxTTT, a4j. Matted, S.A* 
K£TCH£.PILLARIS, j. pL Flayen 
at ball. Dunbar. 

Teut haetae-tpdf ludus piUe. 
K£THAT, s. A robe or cassock. Dunbar. 
K£TRAIL, KYTRAL, j. A term ez- 
preeaiye of the greatest contempt and 
abhorrence. V. Kttral. GUSibb, 
Teut« keiier, haereticus. 
KETTRIN. *. pi. V. Catbeanes. 
To K£ VE, 9. a. To tOM. V. Cavi. 
KEVEL. V. Kavw- 
To KEVEL, tun. To wrangle, S.A. 

Alem. ksffA^£fte-a,AiMMa, 
KEWI& $.pL Line of conduct Dunbar. 

Fr. ^utfue, conclusion of a business. 
K Y, t. pi. Cows, a O. Fris. ifc^;. Dou^as. 
To KI AUVE, e. a. To work, to knead, 
Moray. Popular BaiL 

IsL kef-iof supprimere. 
KIBBLE, KYBILL, a^. Strong and 
active, a B. ^Wyntown. 

KICK, t, A novelty, a 

Isl. kaeh^ gestus indeconis. 
KxcKT, aiUj. I. Showy, gaudy, a Skirreft. 
2. Aiming at what is above one's station, 


To KID, 9. n* To toy, Fife. 

Su G. koet-^, laacivirb 

KID, KAID. t. The tick or sbeep-louae. 


KYDVfparLpa. Manifested; fromk^ke. 



KIDDY, atli. Wanton, Ang. V. CasooU 
KIDE, $. Peril. t^'JtUk, q. ▼. Sir GauHmm 
KIGH, M. A slight tickUng cough, a 

Germ. ieicWji, tuasurc. 
HEARTED, o^j. Faintfaeaitad, a 
IsL Sw. iU/bi-a, spiritum amittere. 
To KIGHER, KICKER, v. n. To tiu 

tor, a Germ, kiektr^n, id. 

KIIi» A term entering into the formatiQft 

of many names of places in a StaL Aec* 

From Gael. cHl, a cell, «i denotmg 

that this was once the abode of a reli- 


KYLEtJ. Aaottnd,aetrait, a Martim. 

Gael, eaoloi. Id. IsL lyU, goigea. 
KILE, KYLE, s. A diance. Sou. 

Corr. from Cavil, q. ▼• 
KILL, s. AkOn, a 2\»>«lAeitiB; tofaiae 
a combustion* Wadnm^ 

Kii.i'-snwuv, t. An old term for the fliw 
of a kiln, Ang. fiom the great t^^emdi^ 
To Kill, v. a. Tokiln di7,a FaamtainkaiL 
KILLING, <. Cod. V. KoLwo. 
KILLOGIE,«. V.Loau. 
KILLYLEEPY, s. The common i 

piper, Loth. 
KILT, KELT, s. A looae dreti, < 
ing from the belly to the knee^ in tha 
form of a pettiooat, a JB^wdL 

Su.G. kiU, kioU, IsL kclUa, sinus Te». 
tis anterior. 
To Kilt, kilt up, v. a. 1. To tuck up^ & 
Dan. kiU-^ op, Su.G. upkiU-a, id. 
S. To lift up any thing quickly, Ang. 

KiLTiNo, «. The lap of a woman's petti- 
coat that b tucked up, a JTdSfy. 
KILT-RACK, M. Tliat which lifb up the 

rack of a mill, Ang. V. ITUr, o. 
KILTER, <. Entertainment Mawuay^ 
The same with £. keller, preparatioo* 
KIN, 9. Kind, a as aUdn, all kmd of. 

Police Hom» 

A. a ckuu, Isl. Idfif id. 

SliNioT, s. The mulct to be paid to surri- 

▼ors for the sudden slaughter of a rel»- 

tiTe. Fordumt 


A.S. cm, kindrad, and boi, conpcn- 
KYND, #. Nature. Wyntown, 

KruD, Ktndlt, a<(;. 1. Natural, kindred. 

2. Native. Dougfai. 

KINGERVIE, «. A spedei of wrane. 

KING'S-HOOD. <. The lecond of the 
lour stomachs in ruminating animals, & 
KING'S-WEATHER, $, The exhala. 
tions arising from the earth in a warm 
day. Loth. 
To KINK, v. n. 1. To labour for breath, 
in a severe fit of coughing, S. 
Teut. kink-en, difficulter spirare. 

2. To laugh Immoderately, S. Gl. Stbb. 

3. To puke, Galloway. Davidson. 
KiMK, «. 1. A violent fit of coughing, at- 
tended with suspension of breathing, S. 

2. A convulsive fit of laughter, S. 
A. S. cincung, cachinnatio. 
KiXKHon, f . The hooping-cougby S. 


Belg. kink-hoeU, Su.G. kikhosta, id. 

kiNKEN, «. A smaU barrel, a cag, &B. 


KINNEN, «. A rabbit S V. Cukino. 

KINRENT, KYNR£NT,«. Kindred. 

A.S. cynrene, cynryn, id. Wallace. 
KYNRIK,«. I. Kingdom. WaUace. 

2. Possession of a kingdom. Acts Ja, I, 
A.S. cynrict regnuro. 
KINSCH, $. Apparently, kindred. 

KINSCH, KINCH, «. 1. The twist or 
doubling given to a cord or rope, S. 
2. A crourope capped about one stretch- 
ed longitudinally, and tightening it, S. S. 
Gl. Moray, 
S. An advantage unexpectedly obtain 
ed. Ibid. 

Isl. kinka, artuum nodus; Belg. ih'yiit, 
a bend. 
To KixscH, V. a. To twist and fasten a 

rope as above described, S. 
KIOVV-OWS, 1. Silly tatUes. tri- 
fling discourse, 8.B. 


2. Tilings of a trivial nature, &B. 
Corr perhaps from E« ggwffiwt. 
To Kjow^w, v.n. To trifle either in dis- 
course or conduct, S. B. 
To KI P. V. a. To take the property of ano- 
ther by fraud or violence, Loth. 
Su. G. kipp-a, to seise violently. 
7b K I P, V. n. To play the truant. Loth. 
KIPPAGE, s. Disorder, confusion, & 

KIPPER, t. 1. Salmon in the state of 
spawning, & A. reidjiiche, synon. 

Tent kipp-^n, eidudere ova. 
2. Salmon salted, hung and dried, S. 
To KirpiK, V. a. To cure fish by means o£ 
salt and pepper, and by hanging them 
up, S. Siatist. Ace* 

KIR, a(ff. Cheerful, Ayrs. 

Isl. kirr, tranquillus. 
KIRK, ». 1. The body of Christians ad- 
hering to one doctrine, S. Scott Confe$t» 
2. A house appropriated for public wor- 
ship, S. A. Sb cyrce, ecdesia. Xhor* 
To KiKK, V. a. To carry to church ; as to 
kirk a bride, &c. S. Wallace. 

Kiaa TBI ousftiK, a play in which a large 
hall, called the gutne, is beat with clubs 
into a hole, one party opposing another* 
When the ball is lodged, the guuie it 
said to be kirkit, Ang. 
KiaxjMx, at{j. Belonging to the church. 


KxRK-KAisTxa, f. A deacon in the church. 

ActtJa. VI, 

Teut kerk-maester, aedituua. 

KxaXMAV, t. A churchman. £hox. 

KiRK-TtiwN. $- A village or hamlet in. 

which the parish-church is erectett, S. 
To KIRN, V. a. I . To churn. S. Fergusoiu 
A.S. cem-on, id. ; Teut kem-en, 
2. To throw any thing into a disorderly 
state. 8. 
Kirn. «. 1. A chum, S. JTeliy* 

Teut kerne, id. 
2. Metaph applied to a mire, $. 
Kirnbn, s. Familiarity, S. B. 

Journal Land. 
Kitif-MXLK, J. Buttermilk, S. 

Teut kem-fnelck, id. Omplaynt^^ 


KiRK-tftAfT, f. The iostrunidnt «mplo3red 

for agitating the cream In churning. S. 


KIRN, s. 1. The feast of harrest-bome, S. 

2. The last handful of grain cut down 
on the harvest-field. S. 
KIRNEL. KYRN£ILL» a. An ittter- 
atice in a battlement Barbour. 

L.B. kerrteilae, id. ; Fr. creneU, em. 
KISH» «. A fibining powdery matter, 
which sepaiatea from pig-iron long kept 
in a melted state. 
KISSING-STRINGS* i.;rf. Strings Ued 
under the cbin« S. Rotu 

KIST, KTST, «. 1. A cheat, & Wallace. 
2. A coffin, Sn sometimes dead-kitt. 

A.S. ceMtt Germ, kist, Su.G. kist-at 
Lat cist'O, a chest, in general. A.S. 
cyste, a coffin, Belg. doodkiH, id. 
To KisT, Vi a. To inclose in a coffin, S. 

KiSTiKo, 1. The act of putting a corpse into 
a coffin, with the entertainment giTea 
on this melancholy occasion, S. 
ILIT, s. Jt the kit, or the haiU kit, all ta- 
ken together, S. H, Galloway. 

Su.G kyt-a, to exchange^ q. the HaiU 
coup, the whole barter. 
as opposed to liquids. Sal/our. 

S. Any thing eaten with bread, & 

Statist. Jcc 
9. An allowance instead of milk, bat- 
ter, small beer, S. Statiu. Ace. 
Isl. kwt, Su. G. koeu, flesh ; or Dan. 
KoMen, dressed food. 
To Kitchen, v. a. To serve as kUchen, & 

KITCHEN,*. Ate«.um, & 

Sir J. Sinclair. 
XlTCHEN-FEE, $. The drippinga of 

meat roasted before the fire, & 
KYTE. *. 1. The belly, & Lyndsay. 
S. The stomach, S. JTelly. 

IsL ktrid'T, Moes.G. quid, ▼enter; 
IsL fwdarfym, & nfow kyte. 
Ktu-fow, s. a belly-full, & 


KITH, a* 1. Acquaintuitea or relation^ 

S. JTith or kin. Burnt, 

8. Shew, appearance* GtmMhmuiGeL 
A.S. cythe, notitia. 
n KYTHE, KYITH,t;.a. 1. To shew, 
8. r.Quair. 

2. To practiae. Sir Trittremu 

5. To cause, to produce. Id* 

A. S. cyth-an, ostendere. 
Tb Ktthz, KrrrB, t^. n. To be manifei^ 
S. Maitland P. 

KYTRAL, «• A contemptuous design*, 
tion. V. KiTEAtL. Montgomerie. 

KITTIE, KITTOCK,*. 1. Alooaewo- 
man, S.B. euttie, S. A. Dunbar. 

2. A term of disrespect fbr a female^ 
though not necessarily implying light- 
ness of carriage, S. V. Caioik. 

Su. G. iaetL wanton. CAr. Khk, 

KYTTIT,par^/Nl• Daubed with a viscoa 
substance. Bannatyne P« 

Dan. kitt^er, Sw. kitta, to cement. 
KITTIW AKE, «. The tarrock, a 

KITTY- WREN, «. The wren, & 
To KITTLE, v.a.l. To Utter. 

S. To bring forth kittens, & 

Su.G. kitsla, id. lirom kaU, a cat; or 
Isl. kad, foetus recens. 
Kittling, s. A kitten, & 
To KITTLE, KITILL, 9. a. 1. To 
tickle, & 

A.S. citd-an, Belg. kittei-en, IsL 
iitl-a, id. Perh. the root ia Isl. kid-a, 
molliter fricare. 

2. To excite a pleasant sensation in the 
mind. Douglas. 

3. To enliven, to excite, S. Jtamaay. 

4. To puixle, to perplex, S. 
KiTTU. a4f. 1. Easily tickled, S. 

Tent. ketOigh, id. 

5. Attended with difficulty. In a literal 
sense ; as, a kittle gait, a roed that one 
is apt to lose, or in which one is in dan- 
ger of falling, S. 

3. Not easily managed ; as, a kittle Aorse, 
& Teut. ketelig peerd, id. MeUnlTt M& 

4. Not easily articulated; ta kittle words. 
a ffogg. 


1. Ytfiiblt, applM to Iba whA», & 

6. Nice, intricate in a moiml senat ; at, 
a Hnle que$iion' Wodmrn. 

7. SqucMmisb, applied to the conacieDce, 
& Spoitwood* 
& Veiatioua, impljiog the idea of dan- 
ger, S. JBeaiiU* 
9. Lllcelj, apt Sums, 

KiTTUx, tufj. Itchy, SiB. 
KnTLx-raa-covT, KiRUB-«oinr, a game 
among young people^ in which a hand- 
kerchief heing hid, one ia employed to 
aeek it, S. ; q. puule the eolt 
KIVE, «. ** Maahing-fat.*' JTaffy. 

KLIPPERT, «. A ibom iheep, & 

Jovm. L&nd. 
KNAB, t. 1. OnewhopoeienwsatniaU 
independence ; a UUk loM, & Forget. 
S. A leader or general 

Foenu Buchan DiaL 
Germ, knob, pner nebilia ; laL Anop- 
ar, Yulgus nobilinm. 
KvABtT, KwABUtH, at{j. PoMeviog inde- 
pendence in a middling line, & 
Tt KNACK, KNAK, e.a. To taunt 


So.G. knaek'^ to tap^ to pat, q. to 

•trike tmattly ; or lat nagg^f litigaK. 

Knack, Kmak, i. pron. naek, 1. A gibe^ 

a sharp r e p ar te e ^ 8. J)ougla$» 

9. A trick, & Ranuay. 

KiTACKT, atfj, 1. Qoidc at npartae^ & 

9. Acute, but aft the tane time laco- 
tioos. S. BuddimtiTu 

3. Applied to what ia entartaining ; as, 
o nodty ttoty, 8* JtofPiM^ 

KwAcxnT, adj. Self-conceited, & 
KNAG, f. A knob on which any thing ia 
hung^ S. Ftjmiar JMf, 

Su.G. ht^e, condyltti. 
KvAGOiE, adj. 1. Haring protuberanceiu 


2. Tart and iU-humoured, knaggit, Fife. 

KNAGGIE, I. A small cask, Abeid. 

Gi> Shirr. 

KNAGGIM, I, A disagreeable taste, S. 

Jifwnud L9nd* 


KNAIVATICK, a^f. Mmb, ftomiMNie. 


To KNAP, KNOP, v. n. 2. To speak af- 
cer the English manner, & 9Fat$fh 
To knap tuddrone, v. a. To speak like 
those who Hto South fkom & 

S. To clip words by a fidse pronuncia* 
tion. £. knapt to break short ColviL 
KNAP, u A slight stroke^ S. Bamtay. 
KN APE, 1. 1. A servant DougjUiu 

2. As equivalent to eo/ri. Dou^as* 
A.& ciMfia, Tcut ibiflpe, puer, ser- 
Kw ArpAai, t. A boor. Dou^. 

KNAPPARTS. t.pL Heath pease, &B. 
Teot laugipen, mandeie, and woriCt 
KNAPPEL, i. Oak for staves^ brought 
from Memel, Danttickt &c, & 

^cU Cha. U. 
IsL ihiopp-r, rigidu% q, hard wood. 
KNAPPISH, a4}. Tart, snappish. 

Teut Anopp-en, to bite. Z. Boyd. 
KNAPSKALL, s. A headpiece. 

Stat. Bok I. 
Su.G. ihiope, a servant, and skal, a 
aheil, a covering. 
To KN ASH, o. d. To gnaw. Watton. 

Isl. knattk'O. arrodo. 

To KNAW, KNAWE, v. a. To know. 

A.Sb enaw'on, id. H^yntowu 


male child. Wyntown. 

S. A male under age. Barbour* 

S. A male servant Wyntown. 

4. A man in an inferior rank. V. 
KiCAra. Bannatytte Poems* 

KvAWSBir, KwAVKsBir, ^a aiafA the duea 
given by those wlio have grain ground, 
for paying the servants in a mill, vul- 
garly kneeshipy S. Erskine* 
Teut knaep-tchaept aervitus. 

KNECHT, KNYCHT, #. A common 
soldier. Douglas. 

5. A commander. Douglas* 
Franc, knecht^ A. Si cn^okt, a boy, 

a servant 


3b KNEB* V, a. To press down with tfu 
knees, Ang. 

2. To bend into an angular form* Ang, 
0. The wind is said to knee com, when 
it braaks it down so that it strikes root 
by the stalk, Ang. ' 

Ittl. ibijHi, adigere; kneig-ia, 6ectere. 
KNEEF, KNEIF, w(f. AcUtc, alert, S. 

Isl. knaef-r, Dan. ibioo, roboatus. 
Kniiflt, arfi;. Withtitncity, & Ferguion, 
KNEEFt at{i. Arduous, Abcid. 

So.G. knapp, difficult, strait, 
KNEE-im «. A disease of cattle, af- 
fecting their joints, S. 
KNEESHIP. V. Kmawship. 
KNEEVICK, adj. Griping, Fife. 

IsK knyj-a, to grasp with the fist 

KNEWEL. KNOOL, t. A wooden pin 

in the end oC a halter for holding by. To 

hadd the knewel, to bold the reins, Ang. 

Belg. knevel, a knot; kncvd^eih to 


KNIBLE, adj. Nimble, S.B. Rost. 

Sii.G. Teut. knap, alacer. 
small round stone or hardened clod, S. 

9. A knob of wood, £k Ramsay. 

S. The swelling occasioned by a blow 
or fall. Gl, Shirr. 

Belg. knobbelt a knob, a knurl. 
Kmimlockix, atd. Rough, applied to a 
road in which many small stones rise 
up, S.B. 
KNYFF,«. A hanger or dagger. WaUace. 
O.Teut knyf, culter, gladius^ Kilian. 
KNYPSIT, pret, L. knappiu Knox. 

KNITCH. f. A bundle, & 

Sw. knyte^ id., knyt-a^ to tie. 
KNncHCLL, i. A small bundle. Dunhar. 
KNITTING, i. Tape, ^ Sir J. Stndair. 
KNOCK, «. A clock, S. Wattou. 

ley stripped of the husk, by being beat- 
en in a hollow stone with a maul, S. 

To KNOIT, KNITE, NOY T, v, a. 1. 
To strike wilb a sharp sound, S. 


S. To amble or bobble in wilUii|^ & 
Isl. Amol-a, niot-a, ferire. 
Kiron, NoiT, i. A smart stroke^ S. 

2» Hie sound occasioned by a stroke or 
fall on any hard body, & Joum.lAmL, 
To KNOIT, V. a. To gnaw; ezpresaiTo 
of the manner in which infants eat, An§. 
IsL Anof-o, to rub. 
KNOIT, f. A large pieee of any things 
&B. V. Kmoost. IsL Anoa-vr, i^obua. 
KNOOP, s. 1. A protuberance, S. 
S. A pin» on which any thing is hua^ 

5. Knaop tfa kUl^ that part which towcn 
above^ or projects from the rest, & 
Isl. gnup^, jugum montis. 
KNOOST. KNUIST, i. A laige lumfv 
Loth.. Rmnaay. 

IsL hnauii a lump of earth. 
To KNOP. p. n. To knap. BurtL 

To KNOP, v. ft. To put forth buds. 

Su. G. knopp^Of gammas emittere. 
KNORRY, adj. Knotty. Dovgfajb 

Teut. knorre, tuber. 
KNOT, f. A pretty large piece of any 

thing round or square, S.B. 
KNOT-GRASS, u TaU oatgrasa, & 
KNOUL TAES, toea having swellings 
on the joints. Mvergreetu 

Teut. knovd, nodus; Su.G. knoei, m 
T^ KNOW, «. a. To press down with the 
fists, or knees. JKaUotu 

Sw. knog-Op pugnis gaubosque eoitu 
KNOW, KNO WE, «. A UtUehill, & 

Teut. knoUe, a hillock. DougUa, 
KNUBLOCK, I. A knob. V. Kxiauxac 
To KNUFF, KNUVE, «. n. To ooo* 
Terse familiarly, S. 

Su.G. kmusfwey the fist; q. to ba 

*< hand and glove." 

KNURL, $. A dwarf, S.O. JBttrmt. 

A meUph. use of £. knurie, a knot. 

KMoauH, s. The same as kniurL S. J9unu. 

To KNUSE. NUSE, v. a. 1. To ; 

down.with the knees, S.B. 

2. To beat with the knuckles or 



9. TokDMd, S.B. 

laL Ahm-o, htop^ contuadera, Belg. 
knue9-en, to cruih. 
KOBBTDiprrt. PerbaiM, (retted. 

Belg. kopp^ ftul>boirti. ffjffuiovm* 
KOBUU «. A ■maU boat V. Cobue. 
KOT» €u^. Secluded from new. Xhug. 

Tent koye, a caTe, IsL kuit id. 
To KOYT, V. a. To beat, to flog, &B. 

Ial> A-,yt-<i, eontendete ; ityl/d, ferire. 
To KOPPIE, o. o. To chide, to reprore* 

Meerni. Si].G. te;ip-«s, certare. 
KOW. s. A gobUn. V. Cow, 8. 
KOW, J. Custom. V. Kiwis. Lyndtay. 
KOWSCHOT, CUSHAT, «. Tlie nqg- 


dofe ; euAie»doWf S. Douf te 

A.S. cuiceote,iAm 

KRANG, «. The body of a whale divert- 
ed of the blubber. 

KRINGLE, «. Bread brought from Nor- 
way. Sw. krmgla, a kind of bread.' 

To KRUYN, V. n. To murmur. V. 
CaoTK. Dwkglau 

To KUTKR, CUTER, iv a. 1. To cock- 
er, to Aune delicately, S. 
S. To coax, to wheedle. 
0. To cooverae daodestinely and inti- 
mately, S. 

Genu* ibtftor-n, Su.G. qmUfm^ g«r« 

Xt in our language, ai in Germ*, often 

denotes diminution ; as 6ogre/, a child ; 

gangarei, gangrei, a child beginning to 

To LA, e. a. To lay. Douglas, 

L AB» $ A lump, S. £. lobe, a division. 
To LAB, t;^ a. To beat, Loth. CB.Uab- 

taw, id. 
Lab, #. A stroke^ a blow. Loth. C.B. Uab, 

To LABOUR, «. a. To plough, to^ear, 

Sb O. Fr. /aAoKT-er, id. 
Laboouv, «. A farm. Sir J, Sinclair* 
LACHTER, «. A lecher. PhOotui. 

Germ. toicA-cn, lasdvire, scortarl. 
LACHTER, «. All the eggs laid by a 

£9wl at one time, S. Lochter, Perths. 
Teut. eyeren legghen, ova ponere. 
LACHTER, LAICHTER, «. 1. A lay- 

er ; as a lachttr afhay^ Ang. lochter, id. 

Perths. Tweedd. 

TeuL logA-tfn, componere foenum in 

. S. A lock, a flake ; a lachter tf woot a 

flake of wool, Ang. ; lochter, Perths. 
Isl. lagdr, cirrus. 
LACH FERSTEAD, i. The ground oo- 

cupi^ by a house, S. B. 
SilG. hegerstadf a lodging-room. 

To LACK, If. a. To sligfat V. Lax. 
LAD, n. 1. A young man-eervant, S. 


2. A sweetheart, S. Ratntay* 

A.S.l0O(/f,juvenb. IsL /ydd«, servus. 

Lasdib, «. 1. a boy, S. Minstr, JBonU 

. 8. A fondling term, applied to a young 

man, S. Miltotu 

LADE, LAID, s. A load, S. Mot*. 

A.& hlad, id. 
canal which carries water to a mill, S. 
Chains '^ir» 
A.S. lade^ Teut. leyde, aqoaeductus. 
LADENIN TIME, the time of laying 
in winter provisions, S. 

Su. G. lad-a, to heap together. 
f. llie polestar, E. Dougfas. 

Teut. leyd'Sterre, Isl. leidar-Uiama^ 
cynosura, polus. 
der, S., laidner. Barbour^, 

Fr. lardier, id.* from lard, fat. 
LADRY, «. The rabble. Priests Pebliu 
A.S. leod'wera, iooola, leod^werasp 
common people, lal lydur, plebs. 
knave, a sloven ; laithron, S. V. Lw 
psa* Stt.G. ^1 la^* Zyndsqy* 


remaiodei ; laive, & WmOace. 

A.& Itfe, ItL Uif, id. from the ▼ate 
signifying to leave* 

LAGABAG, «. The faiBdmoit^ Fife; 

' from £• la^, and aback* 

LAGENE, LAGGEN, pron. ieiggen, $. 

1. The projecting pert of the sieves at 
the bottom of a cesk, S. AeU Jd. VI. 
S. The angle within, between the side 
and bottom ofacasic, 8. £wmt* 

Su.G. fo£^, id. 
Lagkh-guu), 8. A hoop securing the bot- 
tom of a wooden vessel, & 
To catt a lagen-^ird, to bear a sparious 
child, & AnNSoy. 

* LAGG£RY,a<^. Miry, dirty, &B. 

* LAGOsarr, part, pa, I, Bemired, S. JJotig. 

2. Encumbered, from whatever cause, 
S. B. Poems Suckan DiaL 

Su.G. lag, Isl. kmg^m^ water. 
LAGMAN, ff. The president in the ■•- 
preme court formerly held in Orkney. 
Su. G. lagmant judex pravindalis. 
LAGRAETMAN, s. One acting as an 
officer to a lagmatu Bony, 

Su. G. lag, law, and raett, righL 
LAY, 5. Law. O.Fr. lot'. Doti^as. 

LAY, #. Foundation. Wodnm. 

Teut. laeghe, positus. 
I4A Y, t. The slay of a loom, & Adam. 
Teut. laede, pecten ; leggh^eih ponere. 
To LAY, V. a. To alloy. AeU Jo. IF, 
To LAY ov, V. a. To strike, & R^Smce, 
Su. G.laegga pa en, aliquem veiberare. 
To LAYCH, V. ft. To linger. Douglas. 

Fr. laek-er, to unbend. 
LAICHLY, 04;. Pcrfa. for loHMy. 

LAID, «• The poUack. V. Ltthx. 
LAIDLY, adj. V. Laitbux. 
LAID-SADILL, s. A saddle used for 
laying burdens on. Bannahfne Poems, 
LAYER, «. The shear-water. V. Lrmx. 
LAIF, L AEF, s. A loaf, & Pop, BalL 

Moes.G. hlafft, A.& hlaef, laf id. 
To LAIG, V. n. To wade. G/. iSSiWb 

LAIGH, LAYCHE, oit;. 1. Low, S. 


S. NoCtaU, a 

Su.O. Aui^, Tent iaegk, bob ( 
Laxgb, < Flat, low part, SiB. StoL Aecm 
L A YIS^ «. Alloy. ^cft Jo, IT. 

Fr.Uer, id. 
Latiiv a4;. Base^ applied lOBiooey.JRiesw 
LAIK«LAKE, «. Fine linen dodw 

Belg. foil, doth in genenL 
LAIK, ff. Gift, pledgee Ar Trittrewu 

A. S. lac, muBua^ 

LAIK, LAIKE, s. 1. A stake at pky, SL 

Id. leik, 6n.G. lek, id. irmiipDiii^ntf. 

2. Used metaph. to denote the stiilb oC 

battle. Sir Gawmu 

LATXTifa, ff. Justing. Wyntomm* 

LAIK, ff^ Lack, & I}omgUtu 

Teut loffdle, id. Su.G. tack, id. 
LAYKE, ff. Paint PfttlolMs. 

Fr. lacque, sanguine colour. 
applied to rain, S. 
80. G. laeh-ot dcBcera. 
LAIKS, ff. pL Perb. laiu, j 

LAYME, a^. Earthen. V. Lamb. 

dress. F^. lavendiere, id. 
Tb L A YNE, V, n. To lie. Gawan and GoL 
To LAYNE, LEIN, e. a. To conceal. 

3fiHttrclty Border 
Su.G. hlaun^f Isl. /eyii*a,id. 
LAYNE, n. Lawn, fine linen. 

LAYNERE, ff. A thong. Wyniownu 

FV. lofdere, id. 
LAING, ff. A small ridge of land, Oikn. 
3\i LAIP, LAPE, v.a. To lapk a 

LAIP, ff. A pladi. Loth. V. LAms. 
LAIR, LAYRE, LARE, ff. 1. A placB 
for lying down, a Montgomeriem 

2. The act of lying down. Dottgfau 
S. A burying-place, a Wyntowm. 

Su.G. laeger. Germ, lager, Dan. ia»- 
Jer, a bed ; also, a sepulchre. 
To Lair, v. a. To inter. Ferguson* 

LAIR, ff. A stratum, a Buddiman* 

LAIR, LARE, ff. A mire, S. JtiuMuMB. 
IsL JMr, lutum, oocnnn. 


T$ LUB, «. m To nick in the mire, & 

Law Cue. 

3V L4n»«ifi. To mirc^ & FitscoiUe. 

LAIRB AB, L ARB AR, «. One in a tor- 
pid Matt s iatbitart Aug. FkiUUui. 

Lauas, Laeboob* Mff* !• Sluggiib. 

S. Ghastly. Svergreeiu 

LAIRD, LARDB» n. 1. A pcnon of au^ 
pOTior rank, • lord. JTyiilaivfi. 

8. A leader, a captain. Dougfas. 

9. A kndholder, under the degree of a 
Imjght, S. ActiJa^L 

A.& Atofonf, levortf, ItL knatd-ur, 
Sii.0. Immard, dominni. 
LAneenm «• A landed eetatf, & 


LAIRT, LEIR, Air. V. Lsrsa. 


Manner, geatuieb Cftr. JM. 

S. Meio, appearance of the counter 

nanceb Barbour* 

JsL iaif laeie,-gMtmi laet, me gera 

2V Lar, o. a. To personate. Fordun, 

Teut. fael-€ii, epparere, prae m ferret 

9b L AYT, «. a. To give heed tow 

A.S. laet^an, estimare. Sir Tristrenu 
LAITHv aty, 1. Loatbeomek Z^ovgio* 
III Utd-m-f 4.S. AitA, hatclbL 
S. What one ia rehictant to utter. Id. 
Z* Unwilling S. Jfyn/otnc. 

IsL MA-r, reluctant. 
Laithtow, a({f. 1. BakbAi], & JBvrm* 
S. Shy of accepting an imitation to celt 
or any fiivour, & 
LAmiLas, a4j. Arrogant. GwrnoLawi Gol, 
LAmun, Laolt, a^, 1. T^athmme. 

9. BaMi Tile. IMmgbit> 

S, Inelegant, S.B. 

4. Applied to a lasclrious person, Ang. 
LAITTANDLT, adv. U Latently. 

JBanmttsfme P, 

3b LAK, LACK, LACKIN.e. a. I. To 

reproach. Maiikmd P. 

5. To depredate, S.B. JTyfUoum, 
Su.G. tack-a, Teut. tatck-en, vitupe- 




Lax, ai{f. Bad, deficient; compb fatt<r^ 
w«ine; superL (oUeif. Doa^jlat. 

IsL lakrt defideni. 
LAK, r. Hollow pbwe. HwUH. 

IsL lag, laegdy locus depreisus. 
LAKIE, s. Irr^uUffity in the tidea. 

Sn.G. lack'Q, deficeiv. Sibbaldi 

To LAMB, V. a. To yean, & KeUy, 

Sw. Umb-a^ Germ, ftunm-eii, id. 
LAMB'S- LETTUCE, r. Com saUad, & 
LAMB*S*TONGU£, «. Com mint, & . 
LAME, «. Lameness. WtfULtounu 

Isl. /om, fraction 
LAME, LAYM, LEEM, «^'. Earthen^ 
& BeOmien. 

A. 8, lagmeUf fictilis ; lam, lotum. 
LAMENRY, «. Coacnblnage. V. Le. 
aiAW. Priestt PtbHg, 

LAMITER, «. A cripple^ S. 
LAMMAS-TOWER, «. A kind of tower 
erected by the herds of a district, a- 
gainsl the time of Lammas, and de^ 
fended by them against assailants, Loth. 
Tram, Ant. Soe. 
LAMMER, LAMER, j. Amber, S. 

Teut lamertyn^ttefu, amber. Lyndi. 
LAMOO,#. To gang down like lamoo, to 
be easily swallowed, S. 

Fr. le mout, new or sweet wine; or 
fh>m tfaewassail>bowl, in E. called /am^'e 

Lak, s. I. Reproedi. 

Q. A tann^ a scoff*. 

To LAMP, LEMP, t>.a. To beat, &B. 

Teut. lomp'en, id. impiogere. 
To LAMP, V, n. To take long steps, Loth. 
To LAMP, r. r. The ground is said to 
lamp,, when covered with the cobwebo 
which appear aAer dew or slight frosV 
LAMPET, LEMP£T,J. The limped a 
LAMSONS^ n^pL Eipences of the Scots 
establishment at CampTere. BaUUt^ 
A.S. land-aacn, transmigralia 
LANP, s. A clear level place in a wood. 
O.E. la»nd, mod. lawn. fFf^nlavm 
LAND. «. A book in the form of the let- 

tavS, S.B 
LAND. J. The country ; onland, to land^ 
in the country. ActeJo* II. 

A.& Su.G. land, ras. 


ZiAWBb #. A houfe ooniiiting of diflfiBredt 
• storiet, generally m including different 

tenements, S. jimot* 

I<AKn ^tke Uait the tttte of the Meeaed. 
Old Song. 
To Lamb*« To end ; ftom the ides of 

terminating a voyage, £k CaUender. 
LAHDnam, LAHD-aaTir, «. Breaken. 

Id. ffrtitrt Su. G. Mtt, iragor. 
IiAKhduk, «. A land-roeaiuier. Skene. 
A.S. landimat, properly a boundary 
of land. 
I«AHAia-LdEDJE, LAWoiLoaDi, «. A Uuid- 
lonL AcU Ja, VL 

LAXD-LOVTBa, f. One who frequently flits 
from one place or country to another, 
& Polwart, 

Teut lattd-iooper, enro vagus. 
liAVn-MAV, f. A proprietor of land. 

BttfMotyne Poemt. 
Isl. Under rnetm, nobilea terrarum 
LAXfr4amKA, 1. The sand-piper, Gallo- 
way. Stat. Ace. 
Lamdwakt, liAicnART, o^f. 1. Belonging 
to the country ; as opposed to boroughs. 
Cotnplaynt S. 
2. Rustic, boorish, S. Manuay. 
A. S. land^ nis, and weard, versus. 
LANDERS. Lady iMnden, the insect 
called the Lady- bird; as appropriated 
to the Virgin Mary, in Popi^ times 
called Our Lady f S. 
To LANE, o. a. To lie. Y. Latkx. 

LANE, fi. A gift. Hewyione. 

Su.G. laaih donum. 
LANE, a4j» Lone, alone. Dunbar* 

To LANG, 0. n. To belong, to become. 
Germ, lang-en^ pertinere. Dougla$» 
3V> LANG, t;. n. To long, 8. Moss. 

Germ, lang^en, A.S. laeng-ianf de- 
Lako, Lakob, atf}' Long, S. Wyniown. 

To think langf to become weary, S. 
Lavo, adv. For a long time, SL Sums. 
LANGAac, LakoatBi Lamguii, adv. Long 
since. Dou^t. 


A.S. long, and oav, prfiia. E* «r«. 


Laxg-ckaig, «• An onion thai gi cf w all 

to the sUUc & q. long neck. 
LANo-caAiOt «. A purse, Aberd. Shirrefk. 
To Lamosl, o. o. To entanglck 

iVeiMf BudumJDiaL 
Su.G. laag-o, to retard. 
Lavoilu «• V. Lavoit. 
Lawois, prrp. Along* Jkmgkti 

Belg. fangs, id. 

LAXGn, LAVoooni, i. L Wcarineas, & 


S. Earnest desire of. BoOoeke. 

Lamgr, Lavobll, i. «A rope by wliidi 

the fore and binder feet of a hone or 

cow are fiutened together, S. JEeffjr. 

Q* langelt* entangled. 
To lowse a langet, meCaph. to maka 
baste, to quicken one's pace, & 
LAMoaix. AT LAMOEiHy odfc At length, S. 
LAHGXAiit «. Colewofts not shorn* S. 

Lavguks, prep. Alongst, S.B. Roet* 

Lamg-mobit, »{;. Having a long nose, & 


Lavo farb BfY, long after. Wynianm. 

A. S. lang^fher, of long duration. 
Lakostnb, adv. hong since. Ferguton. 

A.S. longe sUhthant diu ezinde. 
Laxosdm, a{(;. Slow, tedious, S. J)ougfau 

A.^langsum, id. 
Lakg-tovou'd, o^;* Babbling S. JZomaoy. 
To LANS, LANCE, v. a. To throw out 
Fr fanc-fr, id. ITatface. 

To Lavs, v. n. 1. To spring Ibrward. 

9. I>enoU*ng the delicate and lirely 
strokes of a musician on his violin. 

Chr. JTM. 

Lavs, Lavvcb, t. A spring. Barhour. 

LANSPREZED. A corporal ; used as 

a term of contempt Polwart, 

Vr. lanee-peuade, id. 

3b LAP, V. a. 1. To environ in a hostile 

way. Wallace. 

S. To embrace. Dougks. 

3. To fold ; in reUtion tobHH^Jhug* 

Xi AP, prei. Leaped. V. Lour. 
XiAPF£R£D,;Nirf. pa. OMgulated, & 

Id. hlaup, coegulttflB, hleipef ooagulo. 
IjAPPIE, «. A pUih, a pool, Ang. Laip, 

I«APRON» «. 1. A young rabbit 

Vr. lapreaUf id. Acts Marie* 

2. A lerret, £. Lotb. 
liARD, «. A stupid inactive fellow. 

Belg. laerdf luyaerd, id. Dwnbar, 
riARDUN,«. A piece of bacon. HouktU, 
XARE, «. Place of rest. V. Lxia. 
To L.ARE, LERE, LEAR, ir.o. 1. To 
teacb, S. WyiUown, 

2. To learn, S. JTetfy. 

' Leardt instructed, S. 
XiAKB, Leak, Leas, «. Learning, S. Doug* 

A.S. £aertf, Beig. leer^ id. 
XiARB-XAisna, c. A teadier, & 

Belg. leer-mnlerf id. 
I«AREIT, LAUREIT. «. A cbapd de- 
dicated to our Lady ofLoretto, Lyndiay, 
LARO, LARGE, o^;. 1. Liberal. 

Fr. id. Lat. hrg-us. Barbour* 

S. Abundant, S. SirJ* Smclair, 

XtAtLQta, Lxaoxs, #. 1. Liberty. Barbour. 
S. Liberality. WyrUown* 

LaaGLT, oda. Libenlly. Barbour, 

liARICK, «. A lark. V. LAvaaoK. 
Xjuucx's umt, «. Great golden maiden- 
hair, & 
LARIE, 1. Laurd. ColnZ. 

O.Fr. lauT^, laureus. 
L ASARE, LASERE, «. Leisura Doug. 
LA8CH£,'a<(^ 1. Relaxed, fnnn weak- 
ness or fatigue, SLB. Douglas, 

8. Laiy. Ruddiman. 

9. DeTOted to idleness. Complayia & 
Fr. iaschet Lat. iett^ut ; Germ, lass, 

tind, fidnt; IsL lotkr, ignavus. 

To Lash oui, v, «. To break out; in a mo- 
ral sense* Z. Boyd. 

Lasbmiss, «. 1. Relaxation in conseijuence 
of great exertion. Baillie, 

2. Looseness of conduct J2. j9rucf. 

Lask, <. A diarrhoea in cattle, & B. 


LASKAR, s. A hrge armful of hay or 
straw, Tweedd. 


Jsl. Mas^ a load, Su.G. lass, id. 
LASS, s. A sweetheart, S. R, GaUomay. 
LAST, s. Aineasure, Oikn. Skene. 

Su. G. iaest, mensura 1 2 tonnarum. 

To LAT, v. a. 1. To suffer, to permit, S.B. 

Belg lat-efi, A. S. knet^n^ id. Barbour. 

S. To lat be, Ui let alone, S. Dou^aS. 

0. Xa< 6^, {e< 6f , much less. ^ailUe. 

Isl. 2efl-a, Sw. faef-o, deainere. 

To Lat, Latt, p. a. To leava Wallace* 

Sw. /ocU-a, A.S. &Mf-ait, id. 
7\> LAT, V. a. To hinder, E. lei. 

A.S ^-an, Su.G.leiet-M. Wyniown. 

To LAT, LET, v. a. To esteem, to reck- 

on. Barbour, 

A.S. laet^n, reputar^ ettimare. 

To L A T. p. n. To put to hire. Beg. Mqj. 

LATCH, s. 1. A miie. Gi. Sibb. 

2. The track of a cart-wheel, & O. 
Latcht, ut{i. Full of ruts, S.O. 
To LATE» LEET, v. a. 1. To heat me- 
tal, so that it may be bent any way with- 
out breaking, S Dougfast 
A.S /tfA-wn, to soften, to attemper. 
2. To cover with tin. S. BuddimafU 
Su.G. laad-a, lod^a, loed-a, to solder. 
2b LA THE, v. a. To loath. Wyntoum. 

AS lath'ian, id. 
LATHE, LATHELY, m(j. V. Laith; 
LA riENCE, s. Leisure ; S. B. leeshins. 
LATIOUSE, adj. Unrestrained. 

&P Bepr. 
LATRON, s. A privy. Spclding. 

Fr. latrine, id. 

LATTER, at^j. Inferior. Bar. Courts. 

LATTER-JMEAT, s. Meat brought 

from the master's to the servants* table, 

S. Baffuay. 

LATTYN, I. Impediment ITaUace. 

LA TTOUN, <. 1. A mixed kind of m^ 

tal. Douglas. 

2. Electrum. Buddiman. 

3. The colour of brass. Douglas, 
Isl. laatUHf Belg. UUoen, oricbalcum. 


lauwin, s. A tavern-bill. Peblis Play» 
TeuUg/ie-Jagh, club, or shot 
LAUCH, LAUCHT,«. 1. Law. Fordutu 

2. Privilege. Wynlown. 


A.&IS*, iaga, IsL imig» mL 
3b Lauch, «. a. To pottawkgaUy. Dm^. 
Lauchpdll, a<^. lawful. Wi/rUown* 

LAUCHT, pan. pa. dotbcdl JSorfrour. 
LAUCBTAinE,a4/. Bdonging to dotb. V. 
Laik» «. 1. iterftotir. 

LAUCHTANE, a^. Pale^ Und. 

MaiOand Potmu 
Peril, eorr. from lot^ouii, q. v. 
LAUDERT,!. Pcrh. rereUiag. DMnAor. 

Belg. locUb^, winton. 
LAVE, «. The remainder. V. Lafi. 
LAVELLAN, «. A kindof wetseU Caith. 
li A VER, «. Fro laver to layre. Sir Gaman. 
LA VEROK, LAUEROK, i. Tlie lark, 
S. often q. Irrriiik, iandfr. Camplaynt Sf. 
A.S. <4/<rrc, /atiwrc, id. 
LAUGHT, LAUCHT,|irvf. Took. 

A.S. Jarec-ofi, appreheadtre ; i!arAle» 
LAVT, s. llie foolish guiUanot Martin. 

lal. Norw. iMHt^ti?, iangwie, id. 
LAVYRD. <. 1. Lord. V* Laib& 
S. Appliad to the Supraow Being. 

LAURERE, #. LaiiraL Dntgfas. 

Fr. laurieTr id. 
LAUS, s. Perbape, hair. Gawanand GaL 

Dan. /m. luv, id. 
LAW, a«(;. Low. WqUaee. 

Su. G. /ag, Iftl. lag-Tt id. 
Law. «. Low ground. Sarhmt. 

To Law, v. a. To bring down. Douglas. 

Teuf. leegh*ent deprimere. 
Law, Laws, A Lawet adv. I>ownward. 

Kmg*s Quair. 
Lawlt, atff. Lowly. Abp. Jfamilt^un. 
To LAW, V. a. To litigate, & 
LAW, s. I. A dedgnation given to many 
hills or mounts, whether natural or ar- 
tificial, a A. Bor. iSltaluf. Jcc. 

A.S. htaJewe, hUxwe^ agger, aoerrus. 
S. A tomb, f*raiFe, or mound. SirGawan* 
Moes.G. 9daiw signifies nonuanen- 
LAW, s. The remainder. V. Lapc 
f. pL The legal security which one man 


is Qbllgad to give, tbatlv will Mta* 
any ii^jury to iwothar in hia pataoo or 
property, & AcUja.ll. 

Lam and bor^fh or borrow^ a pledge^ 
LAWCH, a4j. Low, & Ung^. Widhce. 
LA WIN, s. A tavern reckoning. V. 

Laucb, a. 1. 
LAW-FREE, a4f. Not legally oonvicftd. 
mif. 1. Laic. V^ntova. 

2. Unlearned, ignorant. Jkmgjldt. 

A.S. hewed, kwd^ id. 
LAWLY, a<<;. Lowly. V. Law, m^ 
LAWRIGHTMEN. V. Laqmstmav. 
TITH, «. 1. Loyalty. WaBtiee. 

'i. Truth, equity. Wyntefwn- 

O. Ft. leauU, id. 
LAWTH, BariKwr ; L. iawe4, low. 
LAWTING, 1. Tbosttpraneooaitofjii. 
dicatme in Oriuey and Shetland, in an* 
dant Unas. V. Thuo, 
LAX, j; Rdief, rdaasa, P^ Aif. 

LAX, «. A salmon, Aberd. 

A.& /MMT, Dan. S11.G. 0.1^ Ib«> id. 
LAz-naHBEyf. Aaabnan4UMr» Abaid. 


LE, LEE, i. The water of tbo Main mo> 

tion. Z^osigfai^ 

O. laL ikir, loo, mm; bodif^ und* 


LE. LIE, LEE, LYE, $, 1. Sbekcr, so- 

curity from **»pt|ffifr JOamglas. 

8. Metapb. paaoa, traaquillity. !^:^nL 

Stt-G. lae, locna umpeataii aobduo- 

tmilii. hie, hUe. id. 

La, LiK, a<(j. Sheltered, warm. iTeidiata. 

LE. $. him. O.Fr. A^ Wyntmtt. 

9niLE,v.n.XotaUalal8efaood, IP>itf. 

La, f. A lie. Wynimrm. 

LEA, a4i. Not pVvwad.. ammm^ 

A.& leag. pasture. 
LEAGER-LADY,f. A soldier*a wift^ & 

Dan. leyger, Teut. lager, a caoap. 
To LE AM, V, «. To afaine. V. Lasts. 
LEAP, e. A ostafacL V. Loirr. 
LEAR, a. A liar. S. pron. leear. WyiUemm. 
LEASH, a. Liberty, aB. Ai» 

IsL leu-a, leyt-n, sohreve. 


To LtASH AWAY, 0. 11. To go cleverlj olf, 

or on the way, S. B. Ruddiman, 

To LEATHER, v. a. ToUsb, to ilog, a 

To L£ATH£R, v. n. To mote briskly, 

S.A. J.Nicoi. 

li£ AUW, t. A place for drawing the nets 

on, composed partly of ttones. earth and 

gravel; Al)erd. Law Cose. 

Teut ica, locus alius adjaceos stag- 

nis, &c. A.& hlaew, agger. 

L.BBBIE, f. The fore-skirt of a man's 

coat. S.B. Loth. 

A.& laeppe^ id. I&L/a/; ala pallii. 
To LECHE, «. a. To cure. Wyntoum. 

Su.G. £a«it-a, A.Sl ^n-uin, id. 
Jawcm, Lbchx, Lbicbs, #• A physician. 

"SAoK^G.UikjUki K.B.laec,\^ Barb. 
LiciiiNo, LEu:Hiiio*f. Cure. Wattace. 
LECK. «. Any stone that stands a strong 

fire, as greenstone, trapp, &c. S. 
I.EPE, t. A person. V. Lain. 
A. S. ladmant Teut. leydtman, Su. G. 
■Udetnuan, id. from the idea of leading. 
XiEE, o<(/. Lonely. Pojmiar Bali. 

I^EED, j)ret. Left. q. leued. Sir Egtir. 
LEEFOW. LIEFU*. aty. Lonely, I^- 
Jow lane, quite alone, S. H^m. 

Isl. A/iio^, umbra ; draga a klie, occul- 
tare, coelare. subducere se ; or lae, pe- 
riculum, tindfulL 
a({j. Compassionate, sympathiiing, S. A. 


A.S. hleot warmth ; or IsL hlif-a, 

tueri, parcere. 

LEE-LANG, aef;. Livelong, S. Ifumt, 

LEEN, inieiy. Cease. Mamsay* 

Sw. linnrc, to cease. 
L£ENING,a({;. L. bening, benign. 

Police Honour, 
LEEPER-FAT, iwtf. Very fat, S. A. 

C. B. lleipyr, flabby ; glib, smooth. 
LEE PIT, ac(;. Meagre; loving the fire, 
S. B. Jbvmo/ Zonif. 

Isl. lape^ fungus homo. 
LEESING. «. Allaying. J)unbar. 

Su. G. //<-a, requiem dare. 
LEESOME, 04^'. Pleasant V.Lairsux. 


LEETyf. 1. OnoportioB of many, SbB. 
Staiitt. Ace 
8. A nomination of different personi* 
with a view to an election, S. BaiUk. 
3. A list A.S. hlete, a lot. Bamsay. 
To Lbit, o. a. To nominate with a view to 
election, a BaOlie, 

LEET, s. language. V. Lun. 
LEEIHFOW, a<y. Loathsome, &B. 
V. Laith. JourfuU Lond. 

LEEZK MEi V. Lus mi. 

Let/, leave, amAJuU, q. allowable. 
7oL£G,t)ii Tomo, S. 
Lxa-iAiL, s To lake leg-bail, to run off, in- 
stead of seeking bail, and waiting the 
course of law, S. Ferguiom. 

LEG-BANE. <. The shin, S. CaUander. 
LEGATNAIT, «. One who enjoyed the 
rights of a Papal Legate within his own 
province or diocese. Abp, HamiltoufU 
Legatus naius* 
LEGEN-GIRTH, «. V. LAoxii-oian. 
LEGIER, ». A resident at a court 

L. B. kgatar-hUf legatus. Spottwood, 

LEGLIN, LAIGLIN, i. A milk-pail, 

& * Biti09u 

Teut legkel, id. Isl. leig;iB, ampulla. 

To LE I CH, V. n. To be coupled as hounda 

are. Godly Saitgt» 

LEID^ LEDE, «. People. WaOact, 

IsL liod^ A. S. leodf populus. 
LEID, LEDE, s. A person. Sir Gawan. 

A.S. leodt homo, Isl. lyd, miles. 
LEID, «. A country. Gawan and GoU 

Isl. laad^ terra, solum. 
LEID, LEDE, J. Language, S.B. Leet 
is also us«;d. Douglas. 

I&l. Aliod, sonus, Dan. lyd, vox. 
LEID, LEDE, LUID, s. A song, a lay. 
A.& leoth, lioth, Bt\g.liedt Isl. hliodf 
liodn id. 
LEID. LIED, «. A leid of a thing, is a 

partial idea of it, S.B. 
LEID, t. Safe-conduct WaUaee. 

Su.G. leid. Germ, leit, id. 
ToLEIF, p. n. To believe. Maiihnd P. 
A.& lea/^oHt credcfc 


n LEIF, 0. a. To iMVt. Ihui/au 

III. i|srw^ Su.O. lei^^ id. 
liiip, LuiT, #. Lemve. WaUace. 

To Ltir, Luff, v. ti. To live. WaUace, 

So. G. lefw^, Isl. l^-a, id. 
LEIFULL, a4^*. Lawful. V. Lbful. 
L£IF, LIEF, a^. 1. Beloved, & 2lo«g. 
S. WilUng. JDou^t. 

J$ ieift as Unie, as won, S. Ferguson. 
A.S.Urf, So. G. /til/; amis, amicus. 
LtiFsuM, ae{i, 1. BMirible. Dou^. 

S.i>efomtf, plaasantyS. JSunu* 

A.S. ieo/; cbarus, and sum. 
S,Le€$ome, compassioDate. S. A. J,2^ol» 
LEISOM, a4;. Lawful.. V. Lnuu. 
LEIL, LEILE, LELE, at^. 1. Loyal, 
fkithful, S. J)ou^. 

S. Right, lawfuL IT^tU&um* 

3* Upright, & Beg.Uf^. 

4. Honest in dealings* PriesU Pebii$. 
S,AUU Uroke, one that hits the mark, 

O.Fr. UoU, loyal, faithful, honesL 

^ LEIN, 0.0. To oonceaL V. Latvi. 

To LEIN, ff. K. To cease. CMand. 


o. n. 1. To dweU. JSarbour. 

8. To tarry. Dou^u 

3* To oontinue in atiy state. 

Isl. latd-a, sedem sihi figere. 
LEINE, t. L. Ume, gleam. HotOate. 
LEYNEyprvl. Lied. Douglas. 

LEINEST. most lean. Evergreen. 

To LEIP, V. n. To boiL JT. JJaW. 

To LEIS, r. a. To loae. Douglas, 

O.E. /ft«e. 
To LEIS, LEISS, 0. a. To lessen. 2>ou^. 
T9 LEIS, 0. a. To arrange. d, Sibb. 
i. e. /n^ is me, dear is to me ; expres- 
sive of strong affection, S. Me is the 
A. S. dative. JBannatyne Poems. 

LEISCH, LESCHE, 0. 1. A lash, S. 


5. A thong, by which a dog is held. 


S. A stroke with a thongs S. Xlennedif. 

To Luscax, LaiCH, Lxasu, 0. a. To lash, 

to scouige, S. Jcls Jo. VL 


To LEIST, 0. ft. To iodine E. UU. 

LEIST, atfj. Least DougfoM. 

LEISTER, LISTER, s. A spear, armed 
with three or more prongs, for stiikiiig 
fish, S.- BumM, 

Su.G. Kmster, id.; Inuliv, to stake 
fish with a trident 
To LEIT, 0.a. To permit JBaunatyne P. 
To LEIT, 0. n. To dday^ Hemysone. 
So. G. het-iot intenaittcre, A.a ioei- 
ON, tsrdare. 
To LEIT, LEET, LET, 0.11. 1. To pre- 
tend, to make a shew as if, S.B. 

Sannatyne Poems. 
Su.G. laai-as, Isl. laet-a. Id. prse ae 
ferre, sive vere save simulandcib 
S. To give a hint oL 
Nepir leel, make no mention of i^ S.B. 
V. L«T ojr. 
To LEIT, LEET, 0.11. To oose, & 

C.B. llaitht that which is run out 
Teut lyd-eut t^ansire. 
LEYT,pref. Reckoned. V.LatS. 
LE YTH AND, L. tricAoisd, sif^ung. 

LEKAME,j.Deadbody. V. Licsnc 
LELE^ j; The lily. Sir Gawam, 

To LELL, 0.n. Totakeaim, &B» 

E. level, id. 

LEMANE, «. A sweetheart, male or fo- 

male. Domgjlau 

Fr. Vaimant, Norm. Sai. feue-moii, 


To LEME, v.n.To blase, a Douglas. 

A.S. ^eom-on, 1st liom-th qilendcre. 

LzMs, s. Gleam. Lymdmy. 

To LEN, 0. a. To lend, S. Ckrou^S. P. 

A.S. laen-atiy Su.G. hun-a, id. 
Lkk, LtAKi, Lewii, s. A loan, S. 

A. S. iom, feaa, id. Aas Jo. VL 

To LEND, o. n. To dwell. V. Lkina. 
LENDI S,s.pLl. Loink Chr, Jtirk. 

S. Buttocks. JTennedy. 

Isl. lendf duois ; in pL lendar^ lumbi. 
To LENE, 0. n. To give. V. Lkmit. 
LENYIE, LENYE, adj. 1. Lean. 

S. Of a thin textura. DomgUiu 

A.Si klaencf laene, macec* 


I«ENIT,|pret. Gnnled. S6nlai9. 

Isl. iaefi-Of concedcre. 
rENIT, LENT, pref. Abode. V. Luiiii. 
I.ENIT. LENT, pret. Leaned J)oug. 
XENT-FIRE, «. A slow fire. JSaUlie, 

Fr. lent, ilow. 
L£NTFULL» at{j. Mournful, from LaUf 
the MMon appropriated to fasting. 

I.ENTRYNE, L£NTYRE,f. Lent;stiU 
used to denote Spring* S. Barbour, 
A. S. lengteut Lent, also Spring. 
X^xnaiy Kail, broth made without beef, 8, 

J. NicoL 
I.ENNO, s. A child. JUUon. 

Gael. Uanabk, id. 
2b LENTH, v. a. To lengthen. 

TeuUlengh-eHt Sw. leng-a, prelongarei 
LEGMEN, s. A leg, Aberd. 

A.S. U^me, a limb. Joum, Land* 
To LEPt v.ff. To go rapidly. Barbowr, 

IsL /ei/y-a, hkijh^ to run. 
7o LEPE» LEIP, v.a. To heat, to par. 
boil, S. Douglas. 

A.S. hleap-an, to leap; q. to walbp 
in the pot. 
LsFS, Laar, t. A slight boiling, S. 
I«£PER.D£W, f. A Goldfrostydew, &B. 
1.EPYR, s. The leprosy. V. Lima, «. 
To LERE, to learn. V. LAma. 
LERGNES, s. Liberality. BaunatyneP. 
LERRGCH, s. The site of a bnilding. 

Gael larach, id. Ferguion. 

LES, any, 1. Unless. Dou^as* 

2. Lest. Douglas, 

Les than, id. BeUenden. 

Les Rtf, les aor, id. ^c/f Jo. /F. 

A.S. ^01, /ei, id. 

LES-AGE, <. Non-age. ^ttcAanaa* 


PUND, 1. A weight used in Orkney, 

containing eighteen pounds Scots. Skene. 

Su.G. lispund, a pound of twenty 

marks ; i e, lUwesche, or the Livonian. 

LESIT, L£SYT,;mr/. Lost Barbour. 

LESS, Kes ; pi, of L£. Barbour. 

To LEST, V, n. To please. JT. Quair. 

LEST, pret. Tarried. Barbour. 

A.S. laest'On, to stay. 


LESUM, L£IBOM» a^j. IVhal nay be 
permitted. Dougla$» 

A.S. ^-Ifl^f^iuMt lidtus^ alkmable^ 
ftom leaft permissio. 

LESURIS, LASORS, s.pL Pastmet. 

A.S. letwe, a pasture; Ir. leoiutf a 
2\> LET, 0.91. To reckon. PHetts PebHe. 

V. Lat, V, S. 
2b Lr, v. n. To expect IF>iiloim. 

To LET, V. a. To dismiss. Mouiate. 

A.S, laet-an, lei^-an, dimittere. 
To LET BE. V. Lat, e. I. 
To LET GAE, o. a. To raise the tune, & 

TO LET ON, 1. To seem to observe 
any thing, S. Bume. 

2, To mention a thing, Bamse^. 

9. To give one's self coaccm about any 
business. IsL laet'Of ostendere. JTeUy. 
TO LET WIT, To makeknown, & 


Belg. iaat-en weeUn, Sw. lei-a em 

weta, id. 

TO LET WFT, i. e. with it, v,a. T« 

make known, S.B. Bote* 

To LETE, V. fi. To pretend. V. Lnr, e. 5. 

To LETE, V* R. To forbear. Sir Tritirtm* 

Lbtx, 1. But let, without obstruction. 

LtTUts, a^. Without obstruction. Barbour* 
LETE, s. Gesture. V. Lar. 
LETH, LETHE, 1. 1. Hatred. 

A. & laeththe, id. Wyniown. 

S. A disgust, &B. fFynioum. 

LETTEIS, s. Gray fur, FV. Jets Jo. II. 
LETTER-GAE, f. The precentor or 
clerk in a church, S. Bat/uay. 

V. Lit Gax. 
LxTTBaoif, LeiraiK, s, 1. The desk ia 
which the clerk or precentor offidatea, 8. 
2. A writing desk. Douglas. 

O.Fr. letrin, the pulpit fiwn which 
the lecture wm* anciently read. 
LEUCH, LEVOH, pret. Laughed, 8L 
L£U£, adj, Belovedl. ;Slip Tristrem. 

A.S, leaf, i± 
LEUEDI, f. Lady. SSr TriUrem, 

A.& hiaffHigt, Id. h^ftia, id. 



1,EV£FUL, a4^. Friendly. Wyntcfwu 
I^EVER, <. Fleftb. V.Ltkx. StrGawan. 
XiEWAR, LOOR, LOURD» adv. Ra- 

The comparative of leff, willing; 

LEUER AIR£S|«.ji/. Armorial bearings. 

Comjylaynt S. 

LEVERE', LEVER AY, #. 1. Delivery. 

Fr. Uffr^. Sarbour, 

S. Donation. Dialiog. 

LEVIN, «. LigbtiUDg. Douglas. 

S. The light of the sun. Douglas. 

A.S. hlif-ianf rutilare; 

LEVIN, J. Scorn. Gawan and Got. 

LEVI N GIS, f . jil. Remains. Douglas. 

LEUINGIS, Loins, or lungs. 

LEUIT, LEWYT, prtt. Allowed. 

A.S. /^-an, pemiittere. Wallace, 
LEVYT, LEWYT, ;>«rfc Left. IfaHnmr. 

. Isl/ leif-a, linquere. 
2V LEW, v. a. To make te|nd, S.B. 

Teut lauw-en, tepefacere. 
Lkw, Law-wAaME, adj. Tepid, S. Doug. 
Teut lauw, Belg. lieuf, id.; A.S. 
hieow-an, fepere. 
To LEWDER, v. it. To move heavily, 
S. B. Teut. Initer-tffi, morari. JtoM« 
LEWia LEWYSS, «.;i/. Leaves. 

LEWIT. V. Lawft. 
LcwmiBs. s. Ignorance. Douglas. 

LEWRAND, jMrt. pr. Lurking. V. 
LooEK, V. Leg. St Androiu 

LEWS, s.fil. Theisland of Lewis. Watson. 
LI AM, LYAM, 5. 1. A string, a thong. 
• Arm. /tam, id. Douglas. 

2. A rope made of hair, Tweedd. 
LIART, LYART, adj. 1. Having grey 

hairs intermixed, S. MaUland P. 

52. Grey-haired in general. 

3. jotted, of various hues, Galloway. 

LIBART, LIBBERT, s. A leopard. 

Alem. Ubaert, Bclg. Ubaerdf id. 
XIBBERLA Y, s. A baton. Dunbar. 
JtL Mcr-ioy pcrtunderaw 


LIBBERLY, s. Peib. the same n&tiUer* 
lay. Priests Peblis. 

LY-BY, «. A neutral. Eutherford. 

KAME, «. 1. An animated body. 

jr. Hart. 

2. A dead body. WaBace. 
A.S. liehamat Isl. fykame, corpua. 

LICHELUS. adj. Perb. for Hcherus, le- 
cherous. MaUland Poewu. 

LYCHLEFUL, atij. Contemptueoa. 

V. LiCBTLT. Abp. HamiUoun. 

LYCHT, ai{j. Merry. Doug^ 

vered of a child, S.B. Wyntoym. 

Isl. verda lieitare, eniti paitum. 
LYCHTLY, at^. Contemptuous. WaHace. 
A.S. liht and lie, having the appear- 
-ance of lightness. 
To LicHTLiE, Ltcbtlv, Lctbuk, *.o« 1. 
To undervalue, to slight, S. 

Complaynt 8. 
S. To slight, in love, S. Bitson. 

LicBTLis, s* The act of slighting, S. 

Ltchtltness, f. Contempt WaUace. 

LYCHTNIS, Lungs, a A. 

Complaynt & 
a\> LICK, V. a. 1. To alrike^ to beat, 8. 

9. To overcome, SL 
Su.G. laegg-^, ferire, percutere. 
Lick, s. A blow, S» To give one his tietSf 
to beat one, S. Forbes. 

LICK. s. A wag, S. Bawuay. 

A.S. liccet-ant to feign ; lycce, a liar. 
LICK-SCHILLING, s. A term of re- 
proach expressive of poverty. V. Scnii.- 
UNo. Dunbar. 

LIDDER, LIDDIR, atfj. 1. Sluggish. 
9. Behind others. Lyndsay, 

3. Loathsome. GL Sibb. 
Isl. ieidur, sordidos, leid*a, taedio af- 

LinnsaLiB, adv. lastly. jirbuthnoi* 

LIE, at(f. Sheltered, warm, & V. La. 
LiBsoMs, a({}. Warm, sultry, Aberd. V. 
LiTBX. Shirrrfs. 

LI FEY, o((;. LMy, 8. Callander. 


LTFLAT, acp. DeeeMcd, WattM^. 

Isl. liftat, low of life ; UJUt^ul, per- 
dcre vitain. 
. LYFLAT, «. Couwe of life. WtMace. 

A.S. hf-ladef fitae iter. 
LIFT, LYFT, f. The armoBpbere, & 

A. & (j^, Su. G. /^. *er. D&u^s. 

To LIFT, ». a. To carry off by theft, S. 

LeU, NoHh & 

To LIG, V. n. To i«cliiie, Aberd. S. O. 

• Vm^as. 

A. S. Ucgmu is}. iig'O, 8a.G. Ugg-a, 

LieoAA, «. A foul MfaHOD, & A. q. ooe 

that ties too long in the fresh water. 
3LIGG AT, f. A |Murk gate, Galloway. 
A. S leag, campua, and gai porta $ q. 
** the gate of the field, or iem." 
JL.IOLAG, f. 1. A confused noise of 
tongves, S. 
fi. A great deal of idle talk, S. 

Sa.G. liggro* to harass by eatrtoties. 
I.IK, s. A dead body. IFbOice. 

Ul lyk, Su.G. Uk, A.& /tc, id. 
LYK, LIKE, the termination of many 
words in S., which in £. are softened 
into ty. It denotes resemblance ; ftom 
A. S. lie, Goth, hk, dec, similis. 
LYK, LIK, e. impers. Lyk til ut, be a- 
greeable to tts. Wynioiwn. 

A. 8. lye-4ant Su.G. lik'-Ot placere. 
LirAMn, /#aW. Pleasing. DunBar. 

LiKAHDLix, adv. Pleasantly. Douglas, 
LiKiKo, LaTMO, 1. Pleasure. A.S. licung, 
id. Barbow. 

3. A darling. ffotdaU. 

A.S. lieung, pleasure, delight. 
LYKLY, at(j. Having a good appear- 
anee. S. WaUuce, 

Su.G. lyUig, IsL UkUg, id. 
To LiKiY, V. a. To render agreeable. 



watching of a dead body. Douglas. 

A.S. lie, a body, and tixur-ian, to 


LIL FOR LALL, wtaUalWn. 

A. S. lael with laele, etripe for stripe. 
LILY, s. The aphthae, a diwaie cf chil- 
dren, S. 


LILL, «. The hole of a wind initvillkient, 
S. Manual/, 

To LILT, e. n. 1. To sing dieerfuUy, 8. 

3. To sing on a high or shaip key, S* 

3. Denoting the lifely notes of a musi- 
eal iastmment, S. Ramsay. 

4. To lilt out, to take off onc*s drink 
merrily, S. Ramsay. 

Sq.G. luU-a, canere. 

Lilt, s. A cheerful air, & Morison. 

Lilt, s. A large pull in drinking, frequenu 
ly repeated, Fife. 

LiiffiKO, f. The act of singing cheerfully. 

LiLT-pYPB, s. A particular kind of musi- 
cal instrument £toulate, 
Teut. lul-p^, tibia utriciilaris. 

LIME, «. Glue; Teut lijm. id. GV. Sibb. 

LIMITOUR, s. A begging Mat, autho. 
rised to hear confession within certain 
limks, Philotus. 

L1MMAR, LIMMER, j. L A scoun- 
drel. BeUendetu 

2. EqiUTalent to tkerf. Acts Ja. VI. 

3. A woman of loose manners, S. 
LnmcET, *. Villany. Godly Sangs. 
LYMMIT.;»rl. Pteriiaps, bound. 

Teut. lym-tn, agglntinare. K. Bart, 
LYMOURI8, LIMNARIS, s,pl. Shafts 
of a carriage. Douffiau 

Isl. &*m, pi. Umar, rami arborum. 
LYMPET, part, pa. Perhaps, crippled. 

Isl. /tmp-oj/, firibuB deficit Houhte. 
LIN, LVN, s, 1. a cataract, & Bellendeu. 
2. The pool under a cataract, S. 

Minstrelsy Border. 
A.S. ft/yntta, a torrent; C.B. lAjmn, 
Ir. tin, a pool. 
LIN, LINN. V, a. To cease. Fatten. 

A.S. linn-a, id. 
LINCUM LIGHT, cloth of a U^ht co- 
lour, made at Lincoln. Cfir.TMt. 
LIND, LYND, s. A lime tree. 

Licht as the lyud, ▼try light. Dou^s* 
Under the lind, in the woods. 
W. lind, atbor; tilia. BannalyneP. 
LINDER, f. A short gown, shaped like 
a man*a t6st, close to the body, «rith 
sleeves, worn by did women and Chil- 
dren; Ang. 



Ycrii. rrom Itl. Undar, IvanU, ai Bit- 
ting close to the loin^. 

To LINE, V. a. To best, Ang. 

To LTNE, LYN, v. a. To mcMura lend 
with a line. Burrow Lawet* 

Lat. lin^^are, id. 

LTMsm, t. One who measures hnd with a 
line. Ibid* 

LING, 1. 1. A species of ruftb or thin long 
grass, Ayn. S.A. Statitt -Ace, 

S. PuU ling, cotton grasi. Statist, Ace, 

LING, LYNG, j. A Une. VuHgne. In 
an^lingt 1. Straight (brward. 

Gawan and Gui* 
S. Denoting expedition in motion, A- 
beid. Dougfat. 

To LING, o. n. To go at a long pace. S. 
Ir. ling-im, to skip. Barbour, 

To Lmx, iMi. 1. To walk smartly, totrip^ 
S. Sou. 

S, Denoting the inflax of money. 


LINGEL, LINGLE, «. 1. Shoemaker's 
thread, S, alsot^i^n; Fr.HgimiL 

S. A bandage. Fdwart. 

Isl. lengia, lamina coriacea. 

LiiroHt.-TAii.*D, an^ Applied to a woman 
whose clothes hang awkwardly, from 
the smallnees of her shape below, S. 

LINGET, 8, A rope binding the forefoot 
of a horse to the hinder one, Ang, V. 

LINGET-SEED, f. Ilie seed of fhx, 
&B. ActiJa.VI. 

LINGIS, LINGS, a termination by 
which adTerbs are formed ; sometimea 
denoting quality, in other instances ex- 
tension, as bacUingiti nowpitm. tins, $, 

LINGIT, atti' Flexible. £. Loth. 
A.S. henig, tenuis. 

LINKS^ s.pL I. The windingsof a river, 
S. Nimmo. 

S. The rich ground lying among these 
windings, S. MacneiU. 

9. The sandy flat ground on the sea- 
shore^ & JTfiox. 
4. Sandy and barren ground ; though at 
« distance fnm any body of wateri & 
Germ* l€tik-eHf ooctcrch 


LIN-PIN, LINT-PIN, #. TheUadi-pia. 

& Su.G./«fa-a, id. 
linnet, S. corr. iinHe. Comptaynt & . 

A. S. Unetwige* id. 
L YPE, s. A crease, a fold, S. 
LIFPER, #. Leprosy. BeOenden* 

Limn, adj. 1 . Leprous. Stat, GUd. 

S. Applied to fish that are diseased. 
A.S. iUI«9i0re. leprosus. Chalm-Air, 
To LIPPER, V. n. A term denoting the 
appearance of foam on the tops of the 
wares, or of breakers. Douglau 

LiTvxKis, LoFpms, The U^ of bro^ 
ken waves. Ibid, 

The same with lapperf topper, to cur- 
dle ; or from Itl. hleyp^Oj concitare. 
LIPPIE, «. The fourth part of a pedc, SI. 
Statist. Ace. 
A.S. leapt a basket, Isl. laupt Id. 

1. To expect, S. Wyntown. 
9. To Uppen in, to put confidence in. 

3. To lyppyn of, the same. Barbomr. 

4. To Uppen HU, to entrust to one's 
charge. Soulate* 

5. To Uppen to, to trutt to, 8. 

6. To Uppen upon, to depend on for. 

Abp* HamiUomn, 

Moe8.G. lavb^an, credere; ga4aii» 

beins, fides. 

Lrnrryo, s. Expectation. Wyntown* 

LIRE. LYR, LYRE, s. 1. Hie flesh or 

muscles, as distinguished from the 

bones, S.O. WaOaee, 

2. Flesh, as distinguished from the skin 
tiuit covers it. Sir JSgeir. 

A. S. Ure, the fleshy parts of the body. 
LYRE. LYIRE, «. That part of the skin 
which is colouriess. Chr, JCirL 

A.S. hleor, klear, the countenance 
LYRE, LAYER, LYAR, s. Hie Shear- 
water PennanU 

Here, id. Faroe Islands, 
3^ LIRK, 0. a. To rumple, S. 
To LiRK, V. «« To contract, to shiif el, S. 

IsU lerlHh contrshere. 
Lux, I. 1. A crease^ S. 


& A frU, ft doublfb & 

3. A wrinkle^ Samtay. 

4. A boUow in a hiU. Mmttr,Bord. 
2b LIS, IF. a. To MSiMge. 

SilG. lis-^h Icnira* Gowaii and GuL 
LISK, LEESK, «. TIm groin, & 

D»n. Sw. UuMke,M» Dou^au 

IilSSk «. Renii«ion,lBpecially of anj ft- 

cutediMMo. 6/.5ii&& 

Fr. /iiitf, id, Su.G. /am, raquies a 


LISTARIS, tf. pi. The imall ytfil amu^ 

Complaint 8. 

LISTER, «. A fiih speftr. V« Lsissu. 

Ta LIT, LITT, «. a. To dye, S. Dwg. 

IbL /!/-«, tingere ; Uttt Sa,Q,UifCO^ 


Lit, Lrt, $, Dye, tinge, St ^c<« Jo. JL 

Jaswiam, «. A dyer, S. Bvunrow Lowes* 

LITE, LYTE, a^f. Littl& Dou^as. 

htiMt ItYtu, f. 1. A diort while. JT. QuoiV. 

5. A smell portion. J)<nt^as. 
A. S. /^, Su. 6. lite, IsL /a<<, parum. 

LYTE, 9. Elect. V. Elyts. WtrfUown. 
LITE, «. A nomination of candidates for 
election to any office. V. Lsr. 

Ti» LITH, LYTH, e. «. To listen. 

Gawanand Gd, 

Su. G. fyd-Of IsL hljfd^ audire. 

LITHr «. I. A joint, S. Dougfas. 

It. Metaphor. t|ie hinge of an aigument, 

S. A.S./«(A, artus, mambrnm. Clelond, 

To Lrb, v. a. To separate the joints one 

from another, S. 
LITHE, a4f. 1. Calm, sheltered, S. lyde, 
SLB. Buddiman. 

S. Possessing genial heat. Wallace. 
9. Meuph. affectionate. A lithe tide, at- 
tachment or regard, S.B. 

A.S. hRthe, quletas, hlewoth, aprici- 


To Ltthi, v.a. To shelter, &B. Shhrr^ 

LrniK, 1. 1. A warm shelter, S.B. Jtosf. 

S. Encouragement, countenance, S.B. 

Ltthites, «. Warmth, heaL 

FofUous rf' Noblentu 
To LITHE, v, 0. 1. To soften. 

Abp* HamiUoun* 


S. To Ihickep, to mell ow, S* 
A.S. litk4aH, to mitigate. 
LffTHK, €uff. Assuaging. iSltV Tristrewu 
LITHE, s. A ridge, an ascent. 

Sir Gawan* 
A.S. hlithe, IsL IMT, jugum montis. 
LYTHE, LAID, s. The poUack, Gadua 
PoUacfaius, S. Statist. Ace* 

LYTHYRNES» «. Slolb. V. Linnxa. 

LYTHIS, s. pi. Peril, manners. J)Hnbar. 
To LYTHLY. V. Ltchtui. 
LITHRY, s. A despicable crowd, Abevd. 
a» Shvrr. 
A.S. l^re, mains, nequam. 
LITTLEANE, s. A child, S. Jiosr. 
Q^ Utile one t or A.S. lytiing, panm- 

Suns-poige. & 
LIUE, s. Life. On l^ps, aUve. r. Quoin 
7^ LIVER, V. a. To unload; applied to 
ships, S. 

Germ, liefer^, Fr. livr-er, to deliver. 
LIVERY-DOWNIE, «. A haddock 

stuffed with livers, ftc^ Ang. 
LIVER-MOGGIE, s. The stomach of 
the cod filled with Uver, &c. Shetl. 
Sw. Ig^iorr, liver, and mage, the maw. 
LIUNG, s. An atom, Ang. 
LYWYT, pret. Lived. JSarbour* 

LOAGS, s. pL Stockings without feet, 

opening between fields of com, for dri- 
ving the cattle homewaidsb or milking 
cows, S. Ramsay* 

Isl. Ion, intermission q* a break or in* 
terval between fielda ; or C. B. lldn, m 
dear place, an area. 
8. A nanow indoeed way, S. 

Poems Suchan JXaU 
LOAN, LONE, s. Wages, pay. 

Su.G. hen, Germ. IpAn, id. Spalding. 
LOCH, LOUCH, «. I. A lake, S. 

a. An arm of the sea, S. JBotwdU 

IsL&rug, SU.G. log, It. touch. CB. 
Ikugh, a lake, id. ; also Gael locA, an 
aim of the sea. 



XocB-UKo, CoBBimm RecdUgnw, & 

LOCHTER, s. A layer; al«o the eggs 

laid in one teeson* V. Lachtek. 
LOCK, LOAKE, i. A small quantity, 

Su.G. Mt, eapilltts cooiortus. 

1X>CKMAN, LOKMAN,«. ThepiAlic 

executioDer ; ttill used» Ediobuii^h. 

Tent. toek^ent to lodL ; A. S. ^c, cUu* 
LOPF, f. PhJse. V. Loir. 
hO^^ s. The substance which bees ga- 
ther for makfnic their works, S.B. 
A,8> loge, Su.G lag, humor. 
LOGE, s. A lodge* Dan. id. Barbour, 
LOGIE, KILLOGIE, s. A Tacuity be- 
- fore the fire>place in a kiln, for draw* 
ing air, S. Belg. tog, a hole^ Wa»$on. 
LOT. o4;. Sluggish, Ang. Belg. luy, id. 
LoTNEss, s. InacCifity, Ang. Belg. /uyAdk. 
LOUE, V. a. To praise. l^rittU Peblis- 
IsL Su.G. lofw-a, A. 8. iof-ian, id. 
Loir, LoFf, s. Praise. SouUUe. 

A.& Isl. Belg. fn^ id. 
LOIS. $. Praise. V. Lost. Douglas. 
LOISSIT, pret. Lost. Gaiacn and GoL 
LOIT. #. A turd, & Su.G. /on, id. 
3\> LOKKER, p. n. To curl, S. 27oiig. 

IsL focA-r, capilloB coiUortus. 
LoKKXR, LoKKAR, a<(/. Curled. Evergr, 
LOICLATE, a4}. Securing a iodk. 

LOLLERDRT, #. What was deemed 
heresy. Bannatyne Poems. 

From E. IMard. 
LOME, LOOM, pron. hime, s. 1. An 
utensil of any kind, S. Douglas, 

2. A ttih, or ressel of any kind, S.; as 
treiKhlumet, mUk^umes, &c 
A.S. loma, utensilia. 
LOMPNTT, p&rt, pa. Laid with trees. 
Sw. laemp-a, to fit; or IsL lunut pha- 
LOKE, s. Place of shdter. 

IsL iogn, traoquillitas acrii. 
LoxTy a4f. Sheltered. Hauiott, 


LONNACHS, s, pL QvickgftM gMfav* 

«d for being burnt, Meams. 
LOOGAN, s, A rogue. Loth. 
LOOPIE, wlij. Deceitful S., q. one who 

holds a Unip in bis hand. 
LOOK, adv. Rather. V. Lirsa. 
Zb LOPPER, 0.1^ To ripplew V. Lir- 

nm, Oi 
LOPPIN, LOPP£N,;»re«. Leaped. 

A,S, hieopt Sw. lupcHf insiliit. 
LOR£,/Nirr.|Ni. Solitary, q.>erlffv. 

Sir GowoN. 
LQRER, s, LaoreL Fr. laurier. 

Sir Gawmtm 

LOSE, LOSS» ff. Praise. Souloie. 

Lofs occurs in IsL lofs't^fr, gloria, co- 

LOSEL, s. Idle rascaL JSKjen. 

Teut. losigh, ignavus. 
A deeeiTer. Barbour^ 

¥r. loxeng-er, to flaMer, to deoeifcw 

5L A sluggard, a loiterer. 

LOT, s. Uncertain. Bamkatyne Poemim 

LOT-MAN, s. One who threshes for one 

boll in a certain number, S. Stai.'Mc 

LO TCH, f. A snare, a Samilimu 

Teut leise, id. 
LOUABIL, a^, Praisewoithy. Doug. 

Fr. louaUe, 
LOUCH, s, (gutt) 1. A c«?ity. Barbour. 
S. A cavity containing water. Douglas. 
Germ. locA, apertura, caritas, ktihu- 
LOUCHING, ;»off. pr. Bowing down. 

IsL /ta-a, pronus fio. Buret. 

To LOUE, LOVE, v. a. To pnise. V. 

LOVEDARG, s. Work done fWmi aC. 

fection, a V. Dawibk. 
LOVEBY, LUFRAY. *. Bounty. 

LOUING, s, Pnise, A.& lojung, id. 


To LOUK, v,a,J, To lock. Dougfas. 

2. To surround. Doughs. 

LOUN, LOWNE, ai(f, I. Serene, de- 

noting the slate of the air, & Hudson, 

9. Sheltered, & HouimU, 


S. tkmtM ; applied to walar. Doug, 
4. Recotncd from nge, S. Bou, 

Itllogn, tranquillitu aeris. Su.G. 
iugn,id.i alio trmnquillitas animi. 

2V IiOUN, LowK, V. a. To traoqailliM. 


I\» Loow, Lowir, o. «. To become calm, 
& XeBy. 

LOUN» LOWN, LOON, s. A #onhless 
penODt male or female. Dunbar* 

A.S. iaewend, a traitor. 

LouHrow, tk(f. Rasrally. 8. 

Looit-uKi, «(/. 1 . Haviog the appearance 
of a/oMn, S. JtoM. 

9. Shabby ; applied to dreH» 8. 

LooKRie, «. Villany. Dunbar, 

LOUN, LOWN» f. A boy, & Duaftar. 
Isl. iione, terTiu. 

Lonit*s riKCK, the uppermoit dice of a 
loaf of bread, & 

To LOUNDER, v. a. To beat with le- 
▼ere strokes, S. V. LoviiDrr* Ranuay, 

LooHDxmr. A swinging stroke, S. Watson. 

LOUNDIT, ;kiW. ;ni. Beaten. Dunbar. 
This seems the origin of Lounder, ap- 
parently allied to Fenn. lyont fmo, ver- 

2b LOUP, v. n. 1. To leap, to spring, S. 

pret. lap. ^Ar. Jiii(. 

Moe8.G. Maup-an, saltare; Su.G. 

loep-a, currere. 

2. To run, to norewith celerity, S.B. 


5. To give way ; applied to frost, 8. 

4. Applied to a sore when the skin 
/breaks, S. 

5. To cover, S., like Teat loop-^n, ca- 

6. To Lour on,* to mount on horseback. 
& Spalding, 

7. To Loup outt to run ont of doors. 


8. To pass from one possessor to an- 
other; used as to property. Many, 

Ijovt, $, A leap, a spring, S. Sarbour, 
Lour. Loupi, 9. A cataract, & ActtJa. VI, 
LouMKo Agub, a disease resembling St 
Vitus*s dance, Ang. Siat, Ace, 

Lovpiv-ON-sTANs, I. A flight of stone- 
steps, for aieisting one to get on hone- 
back, & 


To twn affai the loupituon^ane, S. to 
leave off any husiness in the same stMe 
as when it was begun ; also, to tcrmi* 
nate a dispute, without the slightest 
change of mind in either party, S. 

LOUP-HUNTING, s. Hae ye been a 
loup^unting t a query, addressed to ono 
who baa been very early abroad, and 
contains an evident allusion to the hunt- 
ing of the wolf in former times, S. B* 
Fr. foup, a wolf. 

LOURD, rather. V.Lzvn. lUUon, 

LOURDNES, $. Suriy temper V. 
LowETD. Wyntavm. 

To LOURE, t;. n. To lurk, Fife. Doug. 
Germ. la!Wf*€n<, Dan. iur-er, to lurk. 

LOUSANCE, «. Freedom from bondage. 


To LOUT, LOWT,e. n. 1. To bow down . 
the body, S. Douglas. 

2. To make obelsancew Barbour. 

A.S.hlut-an, Su.G. lut-th incnrrare 

LotitsHommia'j), adj. Round-shouldered, 

To LOUTHER, o. n. 1. To be entann^ed 
in mire or snow, Ang. 
S. To walk with difficulty, Ang. V. 

7o LOW. V. a. 1. To flame, & Bamsay. 

' S. To flame with rage, 8. Kennedy, 
Isl. Su.G. log-Oi ardere, flagrare. 

Low, LowK, f. 1. Flame, 8. Usurer. 
2. Rage, desire, or love. Evergreen. 
Isl. Dan. loge, S11.G. logo, id. 

To LOWDEN, V. n. 1. Used to signify 
that the wind falls, &B. 
d. To speak little, to stand in awe of 
another, S.B. 

To LownxN, v.a, I. To caoae to fall ; ap- 
plied to the wind, S.B. 
9. To bringdown, ortonleilee; applied 
to persons, S.B. 

Isl. A£iodfi-a, tristari ; sQbmissi loqui, 

LOWDER, s. A wooden lever, Mony ; 
loothriek. Stirlings. 

LowDEE, LouTHnntt, s, A hand-apoka . 
for lifting the mill-«tooei» & 

Isl. ludr, luth'r, q. mill-tree; or klod, 

LOWDING, $. Fkiiie, q. lantding. Eterg^ 


LOWE, s. Lote. WaUaee. 

LOWN, a^f. Calm, ftc V« Loow. 
LOWNDRER, fc A lay wratdh. 9rytU. 
Teat lunderer, cunctator, /undir-n* 
LOWRYD, «(/. Surly. Wjyntomiu 

IbL /icri homo tomu et dcformia. 

LOWRIE, LAWRIE, «. 1. A deaigu- 

tson given to the fox, & Bamtay^ 

S. A crafty penon ; one who has the 

diqpoutioD of a fox. Godljf Sangi^ 

Ann. litam, mlpet; or Taut, locr, 

one who lays aiares. 

LOZEN, «. A pane of glaai^ S. corr. from 

B. lozenge. 

LUBBA, «. A ooane giua of any kind, 

Orkn. SloHu^Ace. 

III. lyJbbet hirmtuti 

To LUCK, o. %• To ha?e good or bad foiw 

S. MotUgtmene. 

Tcut g*e-<«oh0% Id. iuckna^ to 

* Lucx» «. Upon ludt*$ head, on chance. 

LUCK£N,/iafi.jia. 1. Shut up, contnctp- 

Luekenrhanied, haviog the lUt ooo- 
tnctedpS. GLShirr. 

Lueken-taed, iuekeH'footed, web-footed, 
9. Locked, bolted. 

Hie part.of A.8. Juc-ofi, to lock. 

To LvcKxir, Luxxx, e. a. 1. To lock, S. 
Chrcu* & Jr. 
2. ToknitthobrowB. Pop, BaiL 

5. To pucker, to gather up In folda. 


LvcMtix or Lmmf Gowaw, the globe 
ilower, S. JRamtay, 

LUCKIE, LUCKY, $. 1. A designaaon 
giTcn to an eklerly woman, S. Most* 
52. A grandmother; often /ndfe-ettiwig, 
&B. Mammy* 

LueUe^daddie, grandfirther, 8.B. JTeOy. 
S, Used in familiar or fiwetioua lan- 
guage, although not neeanaiily inclu- 
ding the idea of agc^ S. 
4. The niitraii of an aleJiouitb S. 


Feiiuipa pnmanly in^^yiQg n9 mm 
of witchcraft ; laL hiok, m«ga» 
LUCKY, at^ Bulky, S. Xdfy^ 

Lucsr, adth Denoting esocis, & JIom. 
Fcrh. from the dd cuatomof glfiag 
■omething to the luck of the baigain. 
LUCK-PENNY, s. A maU mm gbm 
back by the penon vrbo receivea money 
in oontcquence of e bai)gMn, S* ludba- 
pcmiy, S»B« Ommvii/* 

LUDE, part. pa. Loved, & HamM^ync F* 
Lode, contra^tioR he love it, 8. IhUi 
To LUF, LUVE, LUWE, 9. a. Tolov«» 
&Imc. JKw^r 

A.8i /i/-ia% id. Su.G. ii^ gratns. 
Lur, Lmrs, «. Love. DemgtoMm 

lAifA%tt a^j. Mora loviqg. MiHi*e Qumin 
LnrrAB, j. A lover. Jhuglau 

LvFLXiir, od^. Lovingly. Marhow^ 

Lursov, 01^'. Lovely ; S. iuiome* 

A.S. Ip^m, delectabills. Sir Gawmtu 
palm of the hand; pL /i|^, lM«e% S. 


Moei.G.le^, Stt.G.<e^, UL loo^ 

vola manut. 

Lurxvow, LuirpOL, «. Aimuch as fiOttho 

palm of the hand, & Lymdwj^ 

LoFnx, I. A Mroke on the palm of the 

band, S. 
To LUFF, f. To praise. V. Lov, 9. . 
LuFLT, a4f* Worthy of praise. 

Isl. lojiig, laudabUis. Gawan and GoL 
LUG, «. 1. The ear, S. Burrow Lawes. 
S. ^ Me ing of, ins stale of praximity^ 
S. Maauay. 

5. CT^fD Me /tigr in any thini^ quite im- 
mersed in it, S. 

4.1fke were worth hie lyigh i. e^ if he 
acted as became him, 8. 
Su. G. lugg'at to drsg one* 
LUG, <• The worm, called Lumbticttsm»> 
rinus, S. Statist. Jtce. 

FoM. iuggh-en, Ignave et s^gniter ^ 
LUGGIE, a4f» Applied to com whic^ 
grows mostly to the straw, S.B. 
Bdg. logt heavy. 


ZiUGOIE, «. A lodge or knt^ aB. 

Teut. hgiie, id. • 

I«UGGIE,L0GG1£,«. A small Wooden 
▼cflwl, for holding moat or drink, mado 
of atavoi, one of whidi pngccti as a han- 
dlers. Burnt* 
From li^, tiie car ; or Balg. lo4»r, a 
woodan lauce-boat 
L.UID, J. A poem. V. Lin. 
LDIK.HARTIT, a^. Warmhearted. 

Alem. IffMC, flame. Dunbar* 

IjUIT, pret* Let Piiteottie. 

Lnte oft reckoned. Jt. Bruce, 

lAJKHYT, Lodced. V. Lucksk. 

LUM, LUMB» 8. 1. A chinney, S. 

Statiti. Ace, 
S. Sometimes the chimney, top, S. 
C B. ttumum, id. Brand. 

LiUM-nxAn. j. A chimney top, S. Bott, 
L.UME, «. An utensil. V. Lomk. 
LUMMLE, J. The filings of metal, S. 

Fr. linuttUe, id. 

JLtUNCH, B. A large piece of any thing, 

S. Sw. lunt, massa. Bums, 

LUND, LWND, i. London. Wallace. 

LUN Yl E, f. The k>in. Dunbar, 

TeuL locnie, id. 
Loirria-BANi, $. Hucklebone, Fife. 
LUNKIT, adj. \. Lukewarm, S. 
S. Beginm'ng to thicken in Iwilingi S. 
Ban. hrnk'-ent to make lukewarm* 
LU^T, «. 1. A match, asm £. 

8. Aoolumn of flaming smoke, S. 


8. Hot nrpour of any kind, S. Bum*. 

Teut. lonie, fomes igniarius. 

To Lumr, tvn. To emit smoke in column^ 

& Burnt, 

Lnmuf, t, A contemptuous designation 

for an old woman, probably from the 

practice of smoking tobacco, S. B. 


less penon. Wyntotm. 

8. A fool, a iot. ^BamU* 

8, Conjoined with the idea of sloth, S. 
4 Improperly, a piece of folly or stu- 
pidity. Godly Sangt, 
Fr. bmrdinf blodush, fii^ lourd, id. 
Teut luyapdt herd, ignavus. 
LoanAiraT, t. X. Sottiahneas. Dmg^ 
2. Carnal sloth. Lyndtay, 
Fr. kutdtrk, stupidity. 
LURE, t. The udder of a cow ; properly, 

as used for food, S. 
LURE, adv. Rather, S. V. Lirsa. 


LUSCHBALD, t, A sluggard. Kennedy, 

Isl. htk^r, ignaTUs, and bald-Tf pc^ 

LUSKING.LEUSKING, pore. ;>r. Ab- 
sconding. GLSibb, 

Teut. luyteh'cn, laUtareb 
LUSOME, a4;. Not smooth, S.B. 

Su.6./o, iugg, rough, and sum, 

LUSOME, aij. Desirable. V. Lufsom. 

LUSS^ «. Dandruff Fityriaais capitis, & 

LUSTY. at(f, :. Beautiful. Doug^ 

8. Pleasant, delightftil. Douf^. 

Teut lutti^t amoenus, delectsbilis. 
Lnsnam, i. Amiableneas. GL Bibb^ 

LusmnEB,!. Beauty. Dunbar* 

LUTE, LEUT, « A sluggard. (U. Sibb. 

Teut heU, homo insulsus ; E. hut, 
hXJTE,prei, Permitted. V.Lon. 
LUTHE. Not understood. 

Bannaiyne Poemi, 
LUTHRIE, t. Lechery. BamuOyneP. 

Belg. hdderig, wanton* 
LUTTAIRD. adj. Bowed. JDunbar. 

O.Beig. loete, a down, and aerd, na- 

To LUVE, LUWE, v. a. To lore. 


MA, MAT, MA A, MAE, a^j. More in To MA, v. a. To mak& 

,& A.&mO|id. Barbour, ' Getm. macA-cw, lacef^ 


MA, oicx. 9. May. irynloioii. 

Sw. ma, Isl fiiaa, id. 
MAAD» MA WD, «. A pkid worn by 
■hqiberds, S. A. Eenfr. Jfaitnmn^. 
So. G. mudd, a gannctit made of the 
skins of reindeen. 
MABBIE,ib A woman's cap, &B. mob, 
E. itoss. 

MACH, s. Son in law. V. Maicu. 
To MACHE, V, h. To sime. Dougfas. 
MACKLACK, adv. In a clattering way. 
Mak, make, and dacki a sharp sound. 
pimpb BelUndeiu 

2. A bawd. PhUotut. 

Fr. nutquereauf Icno; fem,inaytiereUe» 
MACKREL-STURE, s. The tunny, a 
fish. Pennaiii* 

0. 6u. G. jhir, magnus. 
To MAE, V. M. To Ueatsdftly, & Ramsay. 
Mas. «. A bleat, S, B»C5(m« 

To MAGG, o. a. To carry off clatidestine- 

iy, Loth. Su.G« miuggf danculum. 
MAGG, f. A cant word Ibr a halfpenny, 
pL maggSf the gratuity which serranu 
expect from those to whom they drive 
any goods, Loth. V. Mak. 
MAGGIES^ s.pL Peihaps, maids. • 

A. S. maegih, virgo. PkUotus. 

Th MAGIL, MA I GIL, e. a. To mangle. 
MAGRAVE, MAGRY, prep. Maugre. 
V. Ma wont. IFyntovm, 

MAHOUN, s. I. Mahomet, 0.& and E. 
S. IVansferred to the deril. 2>unbar^ 
MAY, s. A maid, a virgin, S. XTynroum. 
Isf. mey, A.S. tnaeg, Norm. Sax. mai, 
Mocs.G. mavrif id. 
MAICH, MACH, (gutt) s. Son-in-law. 
Moes.G. mag-us, a son ; A.S. maeg, 
id. ; also a father-in-law, a kinsman. 
MAICH, #. (gutt.) Marrow, Ang. 
MAiChERAND, part. ad{j. (gutu) 
Weak, incapable of exertion, Ang. 
Su. G. meker, homo mollis. 
MAID, s. A maggot, &R 

Teuu iNMfe, Belg. maadf, id. 
MAID,ac(^*. ifmed. V. yUa.ActsJa.IIL 


MAIDEN, #. An instntment for 1 

ing, nearly of the same construction with 
the GftiUoiine, 6. GadserrfU 

MAIDEN, s. l.The.laithandfiilofcora 
cut dtfwn by the reapers on a fam; 
thu being dressed up with ribbons, in 
resemblance of a young woman, & 


2. The feast of harvestJione, & 


Maimcn, s. 1. The honorary dcsignatioii 
given to the eldest daog^ttr of a ftr* 
mer, &B. 

2. The bride's maid at a wedding, & B; 
a. She who lays the diild in the ama 
of the parent, when presented for bap- 
tism, Lanerics. 

MAIGLIT, par«. pa. Mangkd. V. Ma- 


MA IK, «. A cant term far a ballpenny, $• 


or equal, S. JT. Q^air* 

A.S. ataeo, 6u.G. Mofo, aeqaalii^ 


To Maik, v. II. To match. Dam^ka^ 

Germ. macA-ea, sociare. 
Maixlkss, Matkles, a4f* Matchless, SL 
Su.0. makaheSf id. 
MAIL, MALE, s. A spot in ckMfa, espe- 
cially what is caused by iron, S. 
A. S. mal, Teat, maei, raacnla. 
To Mail, Mali, p. a. To stain, S. 
MAIL, MEIL, MEEL, s. A waigbC e- 
quivalent to about 7^ stones Dutch, 
Orkn. Siatisi. Ace. 

Su.G. maaU a measure. 
MAIL, s. 1. Tribute; pi. moitf. BtBend. 
2. Rent paid, in whatever way. for a 
farm, S. Enkime. 

5, Rent paid for a house, garden, Ac. S. 
Hence house-mail, stabU-maii, horse-' 
mail, grass-maiit S. 

A.S. male, Isl. maUif Ir. mal, triba- 

4. To pay the mail, to atone for a crime 

by suffering, S. . Bogg. 

Black-mail, s. A Ux paid by herilsra or 

tenants, for the security of their pro* 


perty, to Oom fraebooten ^o wcdb 
WMt to make inroacUon estates. 

JcttJfh TL 
Germ, blackmal, id. from Alem. Uak^ 
ent praedari. 
Maiubb, Maillae, s. 1. a fanner. 


S, One who haa a Ttry small piece of 

ground* S. Statist. Ace. 

^Aii^VRKE, q4j. Without paying rent, S. 


MAn^KSAancM, «. A garden, the products 

of which are raised for sale, & 
Mailik, Mailing, Maling, *. 1. A farm, 
& frvm maUy as being rented. 

MaiUand P. 

S. Tlie term during which a tenant poa- 

aeases a farm. Baron Courts. 

IfAii..MAK, «. A farmer* JBaron Qntrts. 

MAit^FATXE, r. The same, S.B. Most. 

To Majl, Maill, v. a. To rent Acts Ja. I. 

M AIL YIE, 5. 1 . In pU the plates or links 

of which a coat of mail is composed. 

Tcilt maelie, orbicnlua. Douglas. 

2. Network. Henrysone. 

To MAIN, V. o. To bemoan, S. V. 

Mamt, V. 
Maiit, MAtirs, IfAyx, a. Moan, a 


MAYNDIT. V. Waymdit. Wallace. 

MAYNE, MANE, s, 1. Strength of bo- 

^7* Wallace. 

2. Courage, valour. Douglas. 

A.S. nuie^tfn. Isl. mag^, magnitudo 


MAINS, MAINES, s. The farm attach- 

ed to a mansion-house, S. Skene. 

V. Makts. 

L. B. Mansxis Dominicatus, id. 
MA YOCK, * A m«te. V. Maik. 
MAYOCK FLOOK, a species of ilound. 
er. S. Sihbald. 

MAIR, MA IRE, MARE, s. 1. An of. 
Beer attending a sheriff for executions 
and arrestments, S. Acts Ja. t. 

S. Maireoffect a hereditary officer un- 
der the crown, whose power resembled 
that of sberiff^ubstitute in our times. 

Acts Ja. /. 
Gael, mamr, m offlctr; CB. maer, 


• ruler i Ar^i. maitTf the head of 4 ▼&. 
lage; Fr. maire, anc. ffioKr. a mayor; 
Alem. mer, a prinoe. 
3. The first magistrate of a royal bo- 
rough. Watittce. 

MAIR, a4j. More. V. Ma**. 
MAIRDIL, ad(j. Unwieldy, Ang. 

Apparently fipm Gael. muirtamkuU, 
heavy, pron. nearly as the & term. 
MAIRATOUR, adv. Moraover, aS. 

over. Abp. Hamihoun, 
MAIRT,«. Winter provision. V-Maet, 
MAIS, cofy. But ; Fr. Sannatyne P. 
To MAISE. MEYSE, e.a- V. Mdse. 
MAYS, MAYSE, MAISS, 3p.v. Makes. 
MAIST, MAST, a^f. I. Moat, denoting 
number or quantity, a JBarbour, 
«. Greatest in siae, a Douglas. 
S. Greatest in rank. Wyntoum. 
Mocs. G. maists, A. a maeU, Isl. mest, 
Maist. Mast. ado. I. Most, S. WytUownl 

2. Almost, a Sltirreft^ • 

Maistuvs, adv. Mostly, a V. Lingis. 
MAISTER, MASTER, s. 1. A land- 
^*^» S. QuofuAttOfh. 

S. A designation given to the eldest An 
of a baron or viscount, conjoined with 
the name from which his father takea 
^ *»«J«» S. Riding. 

S. In composition, denoting what ia 
chief or pnndpal in its kind ; as maitter^ 
street, the principal street; mayster^man, 
equivalent to Xord. Wynloum. 

Su.G. mester, a landholder, fiom 
maeU, most, greatest. 
Maistkr, MASTxa, MAinrar, s. I. Do- 
minion. Wallace. 

2. Service. Wattace. 

3. Resistance, opposition. Jd, 

4. Victory, a Douglas. 
O.Fr. maistrie, authori^, power, ar- 

rogance, superiority. 
MAnvkTss, Mastrtbs, s. 1. AffacUtion of 
dominion. Barbour. 

3. Servicer /<f. 

9. Art, ability. /<;. 


MiMie, ilow, weak; marUe, hiftfj, be* 


The play emoDg cliUdren in £• called 

low, S. 
V A R B YR, t. Marble. Qmplaynt S. 

MARCHE,!. 1. AUndmark. Douglas. 
fi. In pL confines ^ as in £. JUding the 
morcAes, a practice retained in vaiiout 
botougfaa, especiallj at the time of pub- 
lic markets, S. Stutitt. Ace, 
MAacmvAVE, March- eioirs, t. A Umd- 
mark, 8. FowOaiiikaSU 
Isl. ffuirJtenn* id. 
M ARCHET, «. The fine, which, it is pre- 
tended, was paid to a superior, for re- 
' deeming a young woman's ▼irginity, at 
the time of her marriage. Iteg* Mqj, 
L.B. marcheta, O.Fr. mmrchei, id. 
C. B. mereh, a daughter. 
MARCHROUS. L. nuxrckums, mai^uis- 
* sea. HouUae. 
II A RE, «. A hod or mason's trough, S. 
MARE, a4j. Great. fKynioumJ 

A.S,maeret Germ, mar, mer, id. ' 
MARE, MAIR, iu(f. 1. Greater, & 

9. In greater quantity, or number, & 
A.Sb mare, Isl. meiret id. 
MAas, Mair, «. More, S. Wj^town, 

Mars, Mar, adv, 1. More, S. JDou^at, 
2. Longer. ^ar6otcr« 

Sw. mera, adr. more. 
Marrattoitr, adv. Moreover, S. Dongas, 
Mar ruRTB, furthermore, SL Wallace. 
MARES.MARRESi«. Marsh. iFW.J^on. 
Moes.G. moriaatiu, Belg. maerasck, 
Vr. marait, id. 
MARENIS, MURENIS, t. pi. Perhaps, 
conger eels. Lat. muraena, Monroe* 
a. To spoil, to mangle, to mar, S. 
¥r. margouiU^er, to gnaw. Ramtay., 
MARIES, 9. pi. The designation given to 
the maids of honour in Scotland. ITnox* 
Isl. maer, a maid, pi. meifor. 
MARYNAL,«. A mariner. ComplayniS. 
Frendi soldiers, employed in & during 


tiie regency of Mary of GniM ; from 

the name of the commander. 

MARK, MERK, s. A nominal wcigiit. 

Orkn. Skeme, 

Su. G. mark, a pound of tfaiity-two 

MARK, tug. Dark, S.B. V. Mns. 

Mark, $. Darkness, S. B. WaUotu 

Marrkis, i. Darkness, S. B. BweL 

of hawk, E. merlm. Dunbar. 

MAID, s. I. The mermaid, S. 

S. Used as a ludicrous designatioo. 


5, The frog fish, fife. Sibbdd. 

Isl. mar. Germ, mer^ the sea, and moHf, 

To MARR UP, V. a. To keep one to 

work, Ang. 

Germ, marr-enj to grin or snar). 
MARROT, f. The foolish goillemoC 

MARROW, «. I. A oompanion, a 


S. A married partner* Heuryioue. 

5. One of a pair. lUuldMiefi. 

4. An antagonist JHUcoUie* 

Su.G. mager, magkaer^ affinis. 

To Marrow, v. o. 1. To equal, S. 

2. To associate with, &B. Buntu 

3. To fit, eiactly to match. MaitL P. 
Marrowliss, a4f. 1. Without a ma•d^ SL 

S. That cannot be equalled, S. reify. 

MARSCHAL. s. Steward. Barbour. 
Germ, manehalkf pnefectus servo- 

MART, Marts, t. War, or the god of 
war, Mart, Dau^aa, 

MART, Martk, Mairt, «. I. A cow or 
oz, fattened, killed and salted for winter 
provision, S. Aci$ Ja. IF, 

2. Applied to one, pampered with caao 
and prosperity. IL Bruce, 

From Jlor/tfimaj, the term at which 
beeves are usually killed for winter stores 

DAY, s. The fourth d*y of July 0.a , 


whmica our pMsantry fonn their pros'* 

noiticBtioiis concerDiDg the weather ; be- 

Uawlng, that if this day be dry, there 

will be no rain for dz weeks, but if it 

be wet, there will be rain every day for 

the same length of time, & 

FcMlum SU Martini ButUentU, vulgo St. 

Martin Bouillani. Du Cange. 
MARTIN. MAaiTHU (Saint) Fowli, 

apparently the ring-Uil, a kind of kite. 

Fr. oiseau de S, Martin* Dunbar, 

To MARTYR, o. a. 1. To hew down. 


S. To bruise sererdy, & Jtnddiman. 

3. To bespatter with dirt, Ang. Fr. 

martyr-er, to put to extreme pain. 
MARTRIK, MERTRIK. «. A marten. 
Fr. martre, Belg. marter, id. Bettend, 
MASE, «. A kind of net with wide 

meshes, of twisted straw ropes, laid on 

the back of a horw, Orkn. 
Dan. nuuk, a mesh. 
MASER, MAZER, $. Maple. V. Ma- 

ua. BUson* 


liOCH, #. 1. Mixed grain, & mathlvm, 

Aberd. Stai, GUd. 

Teut mattduynj fumgQ, 

S. The broken parts of moss ; a moss of 

this description, S. B. 
To MASK, V. a. To catch in a net. 

Ayrk Su. G. maskih Jha, nuuk, macu- 
la retis. 
To MASK, 9. 0. To infuse, & 

Su.G. nuuk, a mash. Ckalm, Air, 
MASKwo-rAT, «. A mashing vat, S. 
MA8KiN0.rAT, s. A tea-pot, S. Burm, 
MASKERT, «. Swines madxrt, an herb, 

S. Clown's all-heal, S. perh. q. nuuk» 

wort, the root infu&ed for swine. 
M ASSIMORE, «. The dungeon of a pri. 

son or castle, S. A. Minatr. Bord. 

In Moorish, a subterranean prison is 

called Mazmorra, 
MASSONDEW, s. An hospiul. 

Fr. nudson Dieu, id. Acts Sed* 

MAST, ai{f. Most V. Maist. 
MASTER, J. A landlord, & V. MAuna. 
MASTIS, MASTICIIE, t. A mastiff. 


MAT, Mot, aux, v. May. Dottgtax. 

Su.6. fluka, maatu, possum, potuit. 
Fr. maUtaUnt, anger. WaUace. 

To MATE, o. a. To weary out V. Maw. 
MATERI$, j./)f. Matrons; Lat matrts, 
MAUCH, MACH, MAUK, s. A mag- 
got S. Ferguson, 
SvuG^matk, Isl. madk-ur/id, 
MAUCHY, ai{f. Dirty, 61tby, S. 

Su.G. maegtig, mawkish. 
1. Strength, a Barbour, 

S. In pL ability, in whatever sense. 

5. Mental ability* Boss, 

Teut nuicki, nuigkt, A.S. meaht, id. 
Mauchtt, Mauobtt, o4;> Powerful, S. B. 
Teut fnachtigh* Alem. mahtig. Boss, 
Maucbtliss, Madgutlbss, a<y. Feeble, S. 
& Bou. 

Sw. maktlos. Germ, maghtlost id. 
MAUK, s A maggot V. Mauch. 
MAUKIN, s. 1. A hare. S. Morison, 
GaeL maigheach, id. 
8. MeUph.asubjectof discouneordia- 
putation. BotwdL 

MAULIFUFF, «. A Icmale without ener- 
Germ, mo/, qpeech, and yfSiffen to 
To MAUM, V. fi. 1. To aoilen «nd swell 
by means of water. S. 
2. To become mellow, S. 

Teut maim^ caries, et pulvb ligni 
Maumik, adj. Mellow, S. 
MAUN, aux. v. Must. V. Mow. 
MAUN, used sa forming a superlative^ S, 
Muckle maun, very big or large. 

A.S. maegen, in composition, great 
or large. 
MAUNDRELS. s. pi. Idle stuff, sUly 
tales, Perths., Border. 

Su. G. men, vulgatus, and Isl. draefl, 
sermo stuhus. 
MAUSEL, «. A mausoleum. Z. Boyd, 


If AW. Ska-xaWp j. The contmoD gnll, 

I S. Dan. maage, id. 

To MAW, in a. 1. To mow, S. Bums, 

S. To cut dotrn in battle. Douglas, 
A.S. maw-<in, IsL maa, id. 
HAWD, $. A sbepheitl's plaid. V. 

MAWESIE. f. V. Maltksie. 

J. 1. lU-will. Bafhour, 

2. Vexation, blame. Henrysone. 

Z* Hurt, injury. JDougfas, 

Fr. maulgrS, in spite of. 
UAWMENT, «. An idol. rrytUoum. 
Cbaucer maumet, id. corr. from Ma- 
HAWSIE, J. A drab, a trollop, S. 

laL mas, nugamcntum, masa, nugor. 
MAWN, s. A basket, S.B. ; maund, £. 
To M AWTEN, v. n. To begin to spring ; 

applied to steeped grain, S. 

Su. O. rnadt-^ hordeum potiii pne- 

ponure, ftom miaeU, soft 
3\> MAWTiNf V. ft. To become too^ and 

Mawtikt, part, pa, 1. Applied to grain 

whicb has acquired a peculiar taste^ from 

not being thoroughly dried, Lanerka. 

8. Dull, sluggish, Ang. 
MAZER, MAZER-DISH, «. A drink. 

ing<.cup of mapple. Z. Boyd, 

Germ, mater, Su.G. t»aiiir, the 

maple ; Isl mausur boUi, a maxer-bowl 

or cup. 
JIAZERMENT, t. Confusion, Ang. 

MEADOWS. Queen ^ the meadows, 

meadow-sweet, S. 
HEALMONGER, j. A meatman, ,S. 
MEAT-GIVER, «. One who supplies 

another with food. ActsJa. VI, 

MEATHS, «.;>/. Maggots, & Watson. 

A.S. matha, vermis; SiB. maid, a 

MEBLE, s. Any thing Buyveable. 

Fr. meuble, id. Sir GauHin. 


sician. Bettenden. 

MEDE, s. A meadow. A. %,maede. Doug, 
MEDFULL, adj. Laudable. ITyntowH, 


MED1S» V, impers, Ataili. Gawanand GoL 

Sa.G. maet'-a, retribueie. 
MEDLERT, s. This worid. V. Mtm>il- 


MEDUART, s. Mndow-tmtetCompLS. 
From A. 8. med, a meadow, and wyrt, 

£. wort ; Sw. mioed-aert, id. 
MEEL-AN-BREE, Brose, Abeid. 

Joum. Land, 
MEERAN, #. A carrot, Aberd. V.Mo. 

aoT. GaeL miuron. 
MEETH, aty, 1. Sultry, SLB. Pop.BaU. 

2. Warm, S.B. V. Mait. Boss. 

Mextunesb, s, 1. Sultriness, S.B. IZoti. 

2. Soft weather. Gl^Boss. 

MEGIR,oit;. Small, meagre. PdLBon. 
MEGIRKIE, s. A woollen cloth wore by 

old men in winter, for defending the 

head and throat, Ang. 
To M£IK» V, a. 1. To tame. 

Jbp. Ham^oum, 
Isl. myk'ia, Su.G. mode-a, molliie. 

2. To humble. Id. 

MEIL, MEEL, MIEL, s. A weight, 

Orkn. V. Mail, 2. 
To MEILL of, v.a. To tmt of. V. 

Mkl. WaOace. 

MEIN, MENE, a^}. Common. Jfcffy.. 

A.S. maene, Su.G* men, id. 
MEIN, J. An attempt, S.B. 
To MEING, MENG, V. ti. Com is saidi 

to' meing, when yellow stalks appear 

here and there, S.B. 

A. S. mertg-ean, to mingle. 
To MEIS, MESE, MEASE, v. a. To 

mitigate. V. Amsiss. Dougfms^ 

To Mkis, Mease, v, n. To become cahn. 

To MEISE, MAISE, v. n. To incoipo- 

rate, S. B. Germ, mtseh-en, to mix. 
MEIS, s, 1. A mess. Douglas. 

2. Meat X.Hart, 

Alem. mnz, Su. G. mos, meat. 
To MEISSLE, P. a. To waste impercep- 
tibly, Fife. Belg. meuscl-en, pitissate. 
MEITH, aux. v. Might. V. M«h. 

s, I, A mark ; meid, Ang. Douglas. 
Isl. mide, a mark, mid-af to mark m 

place, to take obterration. 


9, A ngn, of wfaaterer kind, & Ihug, 
9. A Uodmaik, a boundary. Skene. 
A.& mytha. mete, limes. 

4. The boundary of human life. Doug. 

5. A bint, an innuendo, S.B. V. 
Mttb, V, 

IiE, aig. ]. Gtent, respecting site, S. 


S. Much ; denoting quantity or extent, 

SL Ramsay, 

A.S. micei, mucei, Alem. IsL mikil, 


9. 1/enoting pre-eminenoei S. 
IsL mtM7mefme, vir magniflcus. 
If nciLDOM, «. Largeness of size, S. Rams. 
MxxiLWOKT, s. Deadly nightshade, 

To MEL, MELL, «.n. To speak, to men- 
tion, & B. G^wan and Gd. 
Su. G. maei»a, Isl. mal-a, A. S. hmkI. 
oil, id. 
HELDER, MELDAR, s. I. Thequan. 
tity of meal ground at once, S. Morison. 
S. A salted cake, mo£a salsa, Douglas. 
Isl. maildri molttura, from mat^a, to 
MELDROP,ff. V. MiLnaor. 
BiELYIE, s. A coin of small value. 

FV. niai£^<e^ a halfpenny. Evergreen. 
MELL, s. 1. A maul, S. Rots. 

9. A Mow with a mauL Pop. J!7a2f. 

!7^ keej} meli m jAo/^, to keep straight in 
any course, to retain a good state of 
health, Loth. ; as one cannot strike well» 
if the handle be loose. 

Lat. maU'-euSi Moes.G. maul-Jan, to 
To MELL, V. a. To mix. V. Melltv x. 
To Mxll, Mxl, Mxllat, v.n, 1. To in- 
termeddle, S. Douglas. 
2. To be in a state of intimacy, 8.B. 

, Poems Buck, IHal. 

S. To join in battle. Wyntown,, to meddle; TtnX. mdl^en, 


MsLLx, Mxlls', Mxllat, i. 1. Contest^ 

battle. Fr. meUe^ id. Wollact* 


S. In meUe, in a state of mittmre; 

Mxlltmx, Meluvo, s. Mixture. Barhour. 

Ft. mellange, id. 
MELL, s. A company. SlatuLAce. 

A.S. Teut. maeit comitia, conventus; 
miael^-ent conjungi. 
MELT, s. The spleen, S. Complaynt S. 

Su.G, mielte, id. 

To MxLT, V. a. To knock down ; properly, 

by a stroke in the side, where the melt 

lies, S. Gl. Complayni. 

MELTETH, MELTITH, s. A meal, 8. 

meltet, S.B. Henrysone^ 

Isl. mael-tidt bora prandii vel coenae. 

To MEL VIE, V. a. To soil with meal, & 

Jshmoelfha, comminuere; miolveg-r 
matr, fruges. 
Meltix, atlf. Soiled with meal, S.B. 

d. Shirr. 
MEMBRONIS. L. marUonis, merlins. 


To MEMER, v.n. To recollect one's self. 

Sir Gawan* 

A.S. mymer'iant remlnisci. 


contemptuous term, expressive of sroall- 

ness of sice. Ev e r g r e en* 

MEMMir, part, pa. Allied. JffanitatyHe P. 

Teut. moeme, memme, matertera^neptis. 

MEN A RE, s. A mediatrix, q. moyaner, 

q. ▼. Iloulate, 

MENDSk J. I. Atonement. 

Abp. Samilioun. 
S. Amelioration of conduct. Eelly. 
5. Addition. To the mends, over and 
above, 8. Rutherford. 

O.E. amends, compensation; Fr. 
amende, in pi. 
To MENE, MEYNE. ME ANE, v. a. J. 
To bemoan, S. Barbour. 

2. To mean one's self, to make known 
one's grievance. Ja VI. 

9. ^0 to mein, not an object of sympa- 
thy, S. Ramsay, 
4. To indicate pain or lameness. Gl. Sibb. 
Tb Mxifx, MiAnXy v.n. 1. To make la- 
nentetioD, S. Minstr.Bord, 


2. To utter in<Miu» & 

A.S. maen-an, dolere, iDgemlscere. 
To MENE, M£AN» MEEN, v. a. 1. 
To intend, S. IhugUu* 

A.S. maen^nt Germ, mein^en, in- 

2. To esteem, to prise. J)ougfas, 

S. To make mention of. Sir Egeir, 

A.S. maen^an^ mentionem facere. 

4. To make known distinctly. Lyndtay. 

5. To recognise. Ywame and Gawin» 

6. To reflect ; with of or on, JBarbour, 
A.S. nuten-ant in anhno habere. 

7. To attempt Band Maintenance* 
MxMX, s. Meaning, design. Dougfai, 
Mans, Mein, s. An attempt, S.B. Ross* 
MENE, aty. Intermediate. Douglas* 
MENE, a4f. Common. V. Muk. 

To MENG, o. a. To mix. V. Mimg. 
To MENGE, v. a. To soothe. 
TeuL meng-en, temperare. 
MENYEIT,pflr<.|w. V. Maktikd. 
MENYHE', «. 1. One £ami)j. 

JSannatyne Poems, 

2. A company, S.B. Douglas. 

3. Followers of a chieftain. Barbour, 

4. An army in general. Douglas, 

5. A multitude, applied to cUiigs, & 

A.S. menegeo, Alem. menigi, Isl. 
meingh multitudo. 
MENYNG, s. Compassion. Barbour, 

V. Mene, to lamenL 
MENKIT, pret. Joined. i>«ntor. 

A.S. mencg-an, miacerc^ concum- 
MENOUN, MENIN, s, A minnow, 8. 
Gael meanan, id. ; meanbh, little. 
MENSK, MENSE, s. 1. Dignity of 

2. Honour. Barbour, 

5, Discretion, S. Bums, 

Isl. m^fulra, humanitas ; A.S. men' 

tiisCf humanus. 

MaiisKK, a^. Humane. Sir Tristrem, 

To Mexsk, Meksi, one^ r. a. 1. To treat 

respectfully. Gawan and Gol, 

2. To do honour to. Lyndsay, 


MfysKiT, part, pa, Honounbly tfcale& 

Gawan and GoL 
MmmnrL, Msmskful, m(;. 1. Manly. 

Gawan and GoL 
2. Noblew Gawan and G6U 

S, Moderate, discreet, S. Sammy* 

4. Mannerly, respectful, S. Ramsaym 
MnrsKus, Mknslbss, a^j, 1. Void of dis- 
cretion, S. Douglas* 

5. Greedy, insatiable, & 

Poems Buekan Dial. 

5, Immoderate, S. Morison* 

MxNSKLT, adv. Decently, Barbour. 

A.S. mennisUee, humaniter. 
MENSWORN,;Nirt.po. V. Mamswub. 
To MER, V, a. To put into ooofusioo* 

IsL mer-ia, contundere. Wallace* 

MERCAL, s, A piece of wood used in 

the construction of the Shetland ploof^ 

Statist, jice. 

MERCH, MERGH, (gutt) j. 1. Mar- 

row. Dougfasm 

2. Strength, pith, S. Ferguson* 

5, TVansferred to mind, understanding. 


A. S. merg, maerk, Su. G. maerg, id. 

MERCIABLE, a^ MenafiiL O.Fr. 

JTrng'^ Quocr. 
MERCIALL, aty. MeicifuL JT, Quair, 

O, Fr. merdaule. 

MERCIALL, a«(/. Martial. Bellenden. 

MERE, s. 1. A boundary. Wyntown. 

A.S. maera, Su.G. maere, Bdg. 

meer, id. 

MERE, s. The sea. Wyniown* 

A.S. mere, Isl. maere, id, 
Mkkjsswims, MjucR-swiifs, f. 1. A doU 
phin. DougjUts* 

2. A porpoise, S. 

Teut. maer-swin, delphinus; Stt.G. 
marswin, a porpoise. 
MERGH, s. Marrow. V. Mimr. 
MERY, aty. Faithful. Gawan and Gol* 
The phrase mery men, applied to ad- 
herents or soldiers, may be merely ex- 
pressive of their hilarity in the service 
of their chief. A. S. mirige, cheerful. 
M £ RG I N, adj, (g hard). Most numerous, 
largest, S.B. Sa.G. marg, multus. 
MERK, «. Au ancient Scotli&b silver coin, • 


la ▼aSue thirteen ahiUtngf and four- 
pence of onr money, qr thirteen pence 
and one-tfaird of a penn j Sterling. 

llERK, MERKLAND, i. A denomi- 
nation of land, from the duty formerly 
paid to the 80?ereign or luperior, & 
ShetL SttUUt. Ace. 

2f £RK, a^. Dark. V. Mark. 
7o M£RK, t;. n. To ride. 

Gawan and GoL 
Arm. murck-at, Jr. fiianloy-tfn, to 
ride ; Germ, markt a bone. 
To MERK, V. a. To design, &B. Doug. 

A.S. mearc'ianf designare. 
MERKE SCHOT, the distance between 
the bow markis, in the exercise of arch- 
ery. Wyntown. 
HERKERIN, J. The spinal marrow, 

Mergkt marrow; and Germ. Xcern, 

pith ^ q. that which constitutes the pith 

of tiit body. 

MERLE, «. The blackbird; Fr. Compl.S. 

MERRY-BEGOTTEN, t. A spurious 

child, Ang. 
MERRY-D ANGERS, s.pL The Auro- 
ra Borealis, S. Encyd. Brii. 
HERTRIK, J. A marten. V. Maa- 

MERVYS, man. V. Msr. Barbour. 
MES, MESS, s. Mass, S. Godly Ballads. 
Mis, or Mass John, a ludicrous designa- 
tion for the minister of a parish, S. ; q. 
MasS'jmeti. Poetns Buchan Dial. 

MESALL, MYSEL, adj. Leprous. 

Fr. meiel, id. BcUenden. 

MESCHANT, 04/. V. Mischant. 
To MESE, v. a. To mitigate. V. Mats. 
MESE tf herring, five hundred herrings. 

IsL meis, a bag in which fish are car- 
MESH, t, A net for carrying fish, S. ; 

from the same origin with Me$e. 
MESSAGE, «. Ambassador!^ Fr. id. 

MESSAN-DOG, 4. 1. AsmaU dog. 


2 A country cur. Walton. 

From Memna in Sicily, whence this 
species was brought ; or Fr. nudsonf a 
To MESTER, V. a. Feihapa, to need. V. 
Misraa. Xing*s Quair. 

MESWAND, s. A wedge; properly a 
measuring-rod. Abp. Hamiltoun. 

Alem. mex, mensura; wand, rirga. 
MET, MEJT, METTE, 9. I. Measure^ 
a Acts Ja. L 

2. A determinate measure, S. Siat. Ace 
Su.G. nuuUf A.S. mete, mensura. 
To METE, V. a. To paint. Douglat. 

A.S. me/-an. pingere. 
Manors. WaUace. 

A.S. mete, meat, and ham, a house. 
METH, *. A boundary. V. Miith. 
METHINK, V. impen, Methinks, . 


A. S. me thincih, mihi videtur. 

MEW, s. An inclosure. Ferguson. 

MEVnTn,3,p,v. Chaogeth; 

Sir Gawan. 

To MEWT, 0. n. To mew, as a cat. 

Fr. miauli, mewing. Xelly. 

MYANCE, s. Means, wages, fee. 
Fr. moyen, mean, q. moyens. 
MYCHE, 04/. Great, much. Douglas. 
Su.G. mycken, id. Isl. miok, mioeg, 
MI CHEN, f. Common spignel, S. 

GaeL moUcen, id. SUOiat^ Ace. 

MICHTIE, at^. 1. Of high rank. 

2. Stately, haughty, 8. 
S. Strange, surprising ; also as an adv. 
as, michtie gude, S.B. 

Su. G. maagta, very ; maagta godt. 
MID-CUPPIL, s. That ligament whtdi 
eoupUs or unites the two staves of a 
flail, S.B. 
A dunghill, & Wallace. 

A.S. mUldingf Dan. moeding^ id. 
MioDXH-BOLK, <• 1. A dunghiU, S. 

Statisi. Ace 
2. A small pool beside a dunghill,, in 
which the filthy water stands» S. 


MiDDEK-MTUBs, $, pi. Omdli, S.B., thus 
denomiuated, as growio^ on dunghiils. 
Myites is allied to Sw. meU, melre, aad 
molia, names for this herb. 
To MYDDIL, MIDIL, v.n. To mix. 

Belg. nuddel-eHf intercedere. Doug, 


LERT, «. Thin earth. Sir Gawan. 

A.S. fniddan-eard^ mundus, Alem. 

mittU^ard, id. 

MYDDISs s. The middle. Wyntown. 

Mtdlbn, tufj. Middle. Wallace, 

Mtdlbst, at{j, Middlenioit. Wyntoum, 

A.S. tnidlaetta, mediua. 
Htdukx, at{}. Moderate, ordinary. 

A. S. fnedlice, modicus. Barbour. 

MiOAMAK, MinsHAN, s. A mediator. 

MiDs, «. 1. Means. BaUlie. 

2. A medium between extremes. 

HvDWAaT, s. Middle ward of an army. 

A.S. midde, and weard, custodia. 
MiDWAKT, Amiowart, prep. Towards the 
centre. A.S. midde-weard. Douglat, 
7b MYITH, ». fl. V. Myth. 
MYKIL, wff. Great. V. Msxn. 
MILD, $. A qiecies of fish, Orkney. 

Statist. Ace* 
IsL mialld'r, piscis pulcherrimi no- 
men, sed captu rams. 
MILDROP, s. 1. The mucus flowing 
ftom the nose in a liquid state ; meldrop, 
South of 8. Henrysane. 

S, The foam which falls from a horse's 
mouth, or the drop at the bit, itiid. 

1st. meldrop^r, spuma in terram ca- 
dens ex fraeno, from me/, a bit, and 
drop-^ to drop. 

B. The drop at the end of an icicle, or 
any pendent drop, ibid. 
MILK, s. An annual holiday in a school, 
on which the scholars present a small 
gift to their roaster, which has at first re- 
ceived its designation from milk, as the 
principal part of the entertainment. 
2b Milk the tether^ to carry off the niiJk of 
any one's cowt by milking a Aotr^cMcr, 


S., a supentitioitt ideai alio pntaleDt in 

Sweden. ^ 
MiLKxa, s. A cow that gives mUk, S. 
MiucMias, s. 1. The sUte of giving mi]k« 

& ItoSM* 

S, Milk itself, 8. Ferguson. 

3. A dairy, S. A. Bor. 

. 4. The produce of the dairy, in what- 
ever form* S. Spalding* 

MiLKoaTs, MiLxwoBTS, J. pi. The root of 
the campanula rotundifolia, S.B. 

MiiK-ATTH, «• A mUk-atrainer, Sb coir* 
milsie, milsey, Bannatyme P. 

Also called tie Sey-dish, from Sey, to 
strain, q. v. 

MiLK-wouAK, #. A wet-nune, S.B. 

lb MILL one out of a thing, to procure 
it in an artful way. Loth. 
Isl. mm^a, lenire. 

MILL, s. A snuff-box, properly of a cy- 
lindrical form, S. 

Isl. meUa, contundere ; the box betog 
formerly used in the country as a miU 
for grinding the dried tobacco leavea. 

MILLER'S THUMB, «. The river Ball- 
head, & Sibbaid. 

MlLLOIN,MILLAIN,a<(^ BelongiDg 
to maih SirEgar, 

Teut maelieHi at perhapa made in 

MILL.LADE, s. V. Ladx. 

MILL-LICHENS, «. The entry into th« 
place where the inner miU-wheel goe% 
S.B. V. Ltchtmis. 

Perh. q. the lungs or lights of a mill. 

MILL-RINCj. Thedu8tofamai,S.B. 

MILL.STEW, s. The same, S. 
Teut. moleu'-stoft pollen. 

MILNARE, s, A miller. Wyniowtu 
Sw. moehutre, id. 

To MILT, v.a. V. Mxlt, 9. 

MIM, aty. 1. Prudish, S. Bamsay. 

2- Prim, demure. Jtosf. 

5. Affecting great moderation in eating 
or drinking, 8« Jtammy. 

This seems originally the same with 
£. mum, used as an adj., mute. 

MIN. MYN,a<0*. Less. Kennedy. 

8a.G»nUnne, Alem. min, id. 


To MIND, o. n. 1. To remember, S. 

A.S. ge-mynd'gant Dan. mind-erf 

2. To design, to intend, S. Xium. 

To MiMD, V. a. To recoUect, S. 

Sir J* Sinclair » 
MiKD, «• ReooUection, & 

To ktep mind, & to keep in mind, £. 
A.S.gtf-myn£f, Dan. minde, memoria. 
MrNDLis, 04;*. 1. ForgeCfuL Dovgias* 

2. Causing forgetfulncas. Douglas* 

3, Acting like one in a delirium. Doug. 
To MYNDE, V. a. To undermine. Doug. 
To MYNG, MYNGE, v. a. To mix. 

A. S. meng'Ont Su. G. meng-a, id. 
To MINNE, V, a. To contribute. 

Sir TriHrem, 
IsL mynd-a, procuzare ; mund, dos. 
MINNIE, MINN Y, «. Motber ; a fond- 
ling term, S. Clerk. 
Belg. minniet a nurse; minne, love, 
«tin»-en, to love ; IsL manna^ matercula. 
MiyMi£*s MoirTHKs. i. Those who must be 
vrheedled into any measure by kind- 
ness; q. by a mother*! fondling. 

To M YNNIS, V. n. To grow less. Doug. 

Su.G. minsk-a, id. from min, less. 
To MINT, MYNT, v. n. 1. To aim, to 
take aim. Dougfas. 

2. To attempt, S. Gawan and Gal. 

To mint at, to aim at, S. Ramsay. 

To mint to, the same. JSaiUie. 

A.S. ge-mynt'on, disponcre^ Alem. 
meint-a, intendere. 
MiHT, Mtnt, 1. 1. An aim. Douglas. 
2. An attempt, S. Ramsay. 

Alem. meinta, intentio. 
To MIRD, V, n. To meddle, aS. Ross. 

C. B. ymyryd^ to intermeddle. 
MIRE.BUMP£R,«. The bittern, S. 
Mire, and I»I. bomp.a, to strike a- 
M Y RIT, }rret. Stupified. Douglas. 

MIRK, MYRK, MERK, 04/. Dark, 
S.A. mark, S.B. Vyntown. 

IsL myrk, Su.G. inoerk, id. 


MimK, Mian, s. Darkness, S. Lyndsay* 

A.S. myrce, Isl. M^lrur, id. 
To Mia«:Eif , Mirkyv, v. m. To grow dark* 
Sw. fRMrima, id. Douglas. 

MiaKUMs, adv. In the dark, S.B. 
MiBKMKS^f. 1. Darkness. Barbour, 

2. Mental darkness. iV. Bume, 

MYRKEST, adj. Most rotten. WoBaee* 

Isl. mor^tinn, Su. G. murArCTt, rotten. 
MIKKY, adj. Smiling, merry, &B. 

A.S. myrig, merry; cstmyrg, plea- 
MIRKLES, V. pi. The radical leaves of 

Fucus esculentus, eaten in Orkney. 
MIRL, s. A crumb, S.B. V. McaLb 
MIRLES, s. pi. The measles, Aberd. 

Fr. nwrbilles, id. 
One's eyes are said to be in tlie mirly^ 
goes, when one sees objects indistinctly, 
S. . Ferguson. 

Perhaps q. merrily go, because ob* 
jects seem to dance before the eyes. 
MIRROT, s. A carrot, 8.B. 

Su.G. morrot, id. 
MYRTRE, adj. Belonging to myrtle. 

MYS, MYSS, MISS, f. 1. A fault, &B. 

2. Evil, in a physical sense. ;$*!> Gawan. 
Goth, mista, defectum, error. 
MISBEHADDEN,;>ar^;?o. Unbecom- 
ing or indiscreet, applied to language, S. 
A.S. mis, and behalden wary. 
To MISCALL, MISCA*, v. a. To call 
names to^ S. Rutherford. 

MYSCHANCY, a^j, 1. Unlucky, S. 

2« Causing unbappinesa. Douglas. 

Wicked. BeUeuden. 

2. False. Fr. meschant, id. Lindsay. 
MiscuANT, MisHANT, s. A worthlets per- 
son. Polwart. 
MiscHANTUE, Meschamtub, odv. Wick- 
edly. Bp. Forbes. 
MiscuANTNEssx, <. Wickeducss. Godscroft. 
MisciiAVT YooTHEa, a very bad smell, S. 
Fr. meschant odeur, id. V. P&at* 


lfYSEIi» a^. Leproui. V. Mmbalu 

MYSELL, V. Myself. S. oorr. Widlaee. 

MrsELWYV, 5. Myself. Barbour, 

From me and tylfne, accuti of tylfe, 

To MYSFALL, p. n. To miscany. 

To MISFAYR, Miwaem, p. n. To mia- 

carry. Douglas, 

Mitfarin, S.B. iU-grown; A.S.fiuf- 

far-an, male inveuire, perire. 
Mtstab, 5. Mischance. Wallace* 

MISGAR, s. A kind of trendi in sandy 

ground, from the action of the wind. 

Orlin. Norw. mis denoting defiwt, and 

giaer form. 
To MISGRUOLE, v. a. To rumple ; to 

handle roughly, S. Joum. LofuL 

2, To dis6gure, to deform, S.B. 
Belg. kreuJtel'en, to crumple. 

To MISGULLY, v. a. To cut clumsily, 
U> mangle, Fife ; ^ to use th^ gii% 
MISHANTER, s. Misfortune, & Ross, 

Fr. misaventuret O.E. mysamUre, 
MISHAPPENS, s. Uofortunatenesa. 

M I SH A RRIT, part, pa. Unhinged 

Police of Honour, 
A, S. miSt and kearro, a hinge. 
To MISKEN, V, a. 1. Not to know, S. 
•2. To overlook, to neglect Compl, S, 

3, To seem to be ignorant of, & BaUUe, 

4, To forbear, not to meddle with. 

5, To refute to ackqowledge. 

Abp. JfamiltouH, 

6, To misken one*s sd/, to forget one's 
proper sution, S. 

To MYSKNAW, v. a. To be ignorant of, 
MISLEARD, a<{f. U Unmannerly, S. 


3. Misdiierous, 8. Bums, 

Mis and lear*d, i. e. learned. 
To MI SLI PPEN, V. a. To disappoint, 8. 
To MISLUCK, V. ft. To miscarry. 

Belg. misluck-en, id. 
MisLucK, s Misfortune, & Samsay. 

MISLUSHIOUS^aif^'. Rough, ungnaid- 

fd« Bamsay, 


To MISMAGGLE, v. a. To ipoil, to dla« 

order, 8. B. V. Magil. Joum. LowL 

MISMAIGHT, paH, pa. Put out of 

iortib miamatcfaed, &from wtit and mask, 

q. ▼. U 8M. 

To MISMARROW, o. a. To mimatdi, 

V. MAaaow, v, 
MISNURTURED, aty. lUbred. 

MisKouaioumKiHit $, lU-brceding. 

To MISPORTION one's se(f, 9, a. To 

eat to excess, S. B. 
TbMlSSAYE, V. a. Tonul at 

Baron Omriu 
Teut mii'teggh'en, maid loqui ali- 
MYSSEL. a. A vaiL V. Mussal, o. 
M1SSETTAND,/Nir«.|)r. Unbecoming. 
Teut misseit-en, male disponere. 
MISSILRY, & Perh. leprosy. V. Ma- 

SALL. JZotttf. 

MISSLIE, a4;. Solitary. V. Mutlib. 

lb MISSWEAR, V. n. To swear fiJaely» 

MISTER, MYSTER, «. Craft, art 

O.Fr. mesiier, id. Barbour, 

MISTER, MYSTER, «. 1. Necessity. 

o, D, Baroour* 

2. Want of food, S.B. Boss. 

5, Any thing necessary. Douglas. 

Su.G. misi'Ot Dan. misi»er, to want. 

To Misraa, v, a. To need, to be in want 

of. WaUaee. 

Mistered, reduced to difficulties, S.B. 
To Misraa, Mvsrai, v. n. 1. To be ne- 
cessary. Barbour. 

9, To be in straits. Balfour. 

MTSTia, o({f. Necessary. Barbour. 

MisTiaruL, o<(;. Necessitous. Douglas. 
MisTRT, J. Strait Barbour. 

MISTLIE, aty, 1. Dull, soliUry, from 

the absence of some object to which one 

is attached. Loth. Rozb. ; also misslie. 
d. Sibb. 

8. Bewildered on a road, Roxb. 

S. Dreary, ibid. Berie synon. 

From Su.G. mist^, to want, and lik ex. 

prening state or resemblance : or Teut 


mUtdiek, incertut ia quo emn potest 

This closely corresponds with sense 9. 

3bMISTRAIST, p.n.Tomistnut V. 

Taaist. WaUace. 

To MISTRYST, ©. a. To bntk an en- 

gagemenl wlth» S. V. Tktst. GL Sibb. 

To MISTROW, v. a. 1. To suspect, to 

mistrust. JBarbour* 

2. To diibeliere. Wyntown. 

Isl. mitUru-a, Belg. nUurouW'eHt id. 

liisTAOwiNo, «. Distrust. 

Belg. mistrofpen, id. Barbour, 

To MYTH, r. a. To measure. Jhugfas. 

A.& wM^-an, metirf. 
To MYTH, MYITH, v. a. I. To mtak. 
IsL mid' a, locum signa Wallace* 
8.. To shew. 6aioo?i and GoU 

Mttb, s. a mark. V. Mutb. 
MITH, MEITH, awt. o. Might, &B. 

Su.G. moMo, id. Shirrrfs, 

MYTING, s. 1. A term used to express 

smallness of site. Evergreen* 

Teut myte, mydte^ acarus, a mite. 
2. A fondling designation for a child, 
pron. q. minent Ang. 
MITTALE, MITTAINE. s. A kind of 
hawk. Act* Jo. IL 

MITTENS, ».fil, 1. Woollen gloves. 
Fr. milaine. Sir J. A'nc/afr. 

S. To lay up one*t nuiteut, to beat out 
one*s brains, Aberd. Jimmal Lond, 
To MITTLE, V. a. To hurt or wound, & 

Fr. mutil-er, Lai mutU-are, id. 
MI XT, pari, pa. \, Disordered ; applied 
to one in some degree ailing, Banflfs. 
9. DcnoUng partial intoxication, & 
lE, odo. In a state of confusion, S. 
Su.G. muknuuki id. BumM* 

MIZZLED, adj. Having different co- 
lours, 8. 

A.S. mitOt Tarius, Isl. miUUt, Tarie- 
MOBIL, MOBLE, s. Moveable goods, 
S. Fr.meubles, id. J)ouglas, 

MOCH, MOCHY, adj. 1. Moist. 

Paliee Honour. 
9. Close, misty, S. 

IsL moldcr, condensatio nubium; 
mug^a, aer sucddus et nubilo hamidus. 


MOCH, «. Aheap. GL^bb. 

A.S. mucg, acerms. 
To MOCHRE, MOKRE, ii. n. 1. To 
heap up, to hoard. PrietU PebUt. 

Ital. mucchiare i Isl. mocA^, id. coa- 

2. To be busy about trifling matters or 
mean work, S. B. pron. mochre. 
S. To work in the dark, S.B. 
MOCHT, aitf. V. Might. Wailace, 

Alem. moht-a, from mog'-ent posse. 
MODE, MWDE, «. 1. Courage. 

A. SL Sw. modf id. Wyniovm. 

2. Indignation. Sir Triiirem, 

Su.G. Isl. mod, ira, A. 8. mod4an, i- 
Moot, Muor, a^. 1. Bold. Barbour. 
Sw. modigt bold, daring. 
2. Pensive, melancholy. Douglas, 

To MODERATE, r. n. 1. To presido 
in an ecclesiastical court, S. 

jictt Assembly. 

2. To preside in a congregation, at the 
election of a Pastor, S. Pardovan. 

MoDEKAToa, s. 1. He who presides in an 
ecclesiastical court, S. Acts Assembly. 

3. The minister who presides at the elec* 
tion of a Pastor, S. Pardovan. 

MoDsaATiON , s. The act of presiding in an 

election, S. 
MODYR, MODERNS. Mother. JTaUace. 

A.S. IsL&c. moder, Belg. moeder. 
MoDTK-NAKTO, adj. Surk naked, S. mo- 
iAer-naked. Bamst^, 

Teut moeder'naecktt id. 
mole, 8. Douglas. 

A.S. mald^ terra, and wrot-ant ver- 
MOGGANS, «. ;i/. 1. Loog sleeves for a 
woman's arms, S. B. Rosu 

Teut mowwken, parva manica. 
2. Hose without feet Aberd. Hairy 
moggans, Fife: Journal Lond. 

Gael, mogan, boot-hose. 
MOGH, 5. A moth, Ang. O.E. mough. 
MOY, MOYE, atg. 1. GenUe, mild. 

2. Affecting great moderation in eating 
or drinking i mimi synon. Xelly^ 


GmL nuM, modetts Dan. nue, a irir« 
If OTUKy adv. Mildly. Monigomerie* 

HOY AN, f. A spedes of artilleiy, of a 
middle aise^ PiUcoUie, 

Ft, motfen% moderate. 
MO YEN, MOYAN» «. 1. Means for at- 
taining any end. R, Bruce, 
S. Interest S. Caldenvood, 
9. Means of subsistence. SpoUwood* 
Be the moyan of^ by means of. 22. Bruce, 
4. Temporal substance, property. 
Fr. moyen, a means. Act$ /a. VL 
To MoTxv, MoTAv, V. o. 1. To accomplish 
by tbe use of means. B» Bruce. 
2. To procure ; implying diligence, & 
ji weU-mojfent man, one who baa good 
means for procuring any thin^ S.B. 
Fr. moyentKr, to procure. 
MoTXNBB, MoTamus, «. One who employs 
his interest for another. JR. Bruce. 
O.Fr. moyennere, mediateur. 
MoBTMLas, tuQ, Destitute of interest 

To MOIF, o. 0. To moT& J)ougfa$. 

MOYT, adj. Many. £ing*i Quair. 

O. Fr. moult, mmUf much, liat. muit- 
To MOKRE, u a. To hoard. V. Mochu. 
MOLD, s. The ground. V. Molds. 
MOLE, s. Promontory. Y. Muix. 


MOLLACHON, «. A small cheese^ 

Stirlings. Gael. «rui/acAan, a cheese. 

MOLLAT, MOLLET, «. 1. The bit of 

a bridle. Dunbar. 

iL The ornament of a bridle. Douglas. 

MoLLXT-BaTDTL, t. A bridle having a curb. 


Teut. muyl, the mouth; IsL mull, 

So.G. m^l, a bridle, a curb. 

To MOLLET, v, ju Perhaps, to curb. V. 

MoLLAT. Lyndsay. 

MOLL I GRANT, 5. Whining, complain- 

ing, Ang. Molligrunt, Loth. 

Isl. mogl^ murmur, and graun, os 
et nasus. 
Tbe same with motffgrotil, S. Bamtay. 


diuUigrub is an £. word used in • 
similar sense in cant language. 
MOMENT-HAND, t. The hand of a 
clock or watch which marks the seconds, 
MON, MONE, MUN, MAUN, aux. v. 
* Must. IsL mun, id. Dougfa** 

To MONE, V. a. To take noUce of. 

A.S. mon^ian, aoimadTcrtere. 
MONE, J. Mane. IsL moent id. 

Police JBbnottr* 
MONE, t. The moon ; meen, Aberd. 

A. S. mona, Germ, man, id. Barbour, 
MoMETU, s. A month, still the pronunda^ 
tion of some old people, S. Wyntown* 
A.S. monath, id., from mona, the 
MONESTING, s. Admonition. V. Mc 
MYss. BarbouTm 

MONY, aiy. 1. Many, S. Bellendem^ 
2. Gxeat, Border. Complaynt & 

A.S> moneg, Sw. mongat many. 
MON YCORDIS^ «. |^ A musical instru- 
ment. HoukUe* 
Gr. Ai0v»;^op^off,unicaintentus chorda* 
That part of the tripe of a beast which 
consists of many JoUU, S. ; the omiH 
sum. Ess. HighL Soc. 
S. mony many, and ply a fold. 
To MONYSS, V. a. To warn, to admo. 
nish. Fr. adtnonest-er, id. Barbour, 
day, & Fordun, 
A. S. 2£onan daeg, id. the day oonse- 
crated to the Moon. 
MONTEYLE, s. A mount. Barbour^ 
ItaL monticelUo, L.B. monOceU-us, 
MONTH, MOUNTH, s. 1. A moun- 
tain. Compksyni & 
2. The Grampian mountains towards 
their eastern citremity. To gang aure 
the Month, to cross the Grampians, S.B. 
A. S. monie, munt, a mountain. 
MONTUR, s. ExpL aaddle-hoi«. 

Fr. moniurCf idL Sir Gawnn 


To MOOL, v.a. Tocnunble. V.Hvu. 


To MOOP, V. n. v. Moov. 

MOOR-FOWJU «• B«d game, moor- 
cock, & Sibbald. 

MOOB.GRA8S» s. PoteiitiUa aoserina, 
& LightfooU 

MOOSE, s. V. Mouu. 

Tho gossamer, & 
2. Improper] J, a spider's wd». 
5. Melaph. phlegm in the throat or sto- 
mach, 8. Fergu»on» 
Fr. moutte, moss ; Teut mos, mois- 

To MOOTER, v. Moot owq*. 

MOOTH, adj. Misty, foggy, &B. 

Belg. mottig, id. moU^^ wctfr, dris- 
sling weather. 

MORADEN, s. Homage. V. Manbsnt. 

MORE, MOR, a4j. Great Wynltoum. 

MORE, «. A heath. V. Muai. 

MORGEOUN, t. V. McBOEouir. 

MORIANE, adj. Swarthy, resembUng a 

Moor, JDuUlog. 

Fr. morien, id. from Lat Mauritania. 

MORMAIR, 5. An ancient titJe of ho- 
nour in S. equivalent to Earl / from 
Gael. moTt great, and MAia, q. ▼• 

MORN, MORNE, t. Morrow ; to tnome, 

to-morrow ; S. the momtt id. Douglat, 

A.S. morgAai, morgen; Isl. morgMn, 

MORNING-GIFT, «. Tbegi^ conferred 
by a husband on his wife, od the morn- 
ing after marriage. ^ciM Jo, VL 
A.S. nwrgen'gife. Germ, morgan- 
gobth TeuL laoygAflt-goitf, id. 
Morning. Dunbar* 
MOCS.G. maurgtfif, A.S. JsL ffaor- 
g«i, id. 
MORT, A MOET, Died, or dead. 

Bannatjfne Poems. 
Fr. meuri, 3. p. s. ind. improperly 

MoRT, a<ff. Fatal; a mart cold, i. e. n 
deadly cold. Ruddimam. 

MoRT-cLora, u The pall carried over tho 
corpse at a funeral, S. ^laf. Acc^ 


MoaTTUNDTiT, poH, fm. Cold as deaA. V. 
MoRT and Fumot. 

MoRTMUMUNQis, I. TpL l^ytn muttered 
or mumbled for the dead. Bannatyne P. 

MORTAR, t. 1. Coarseclay of a reddish 
colour, a Statitt. Ace 

S. This clay as prepared for building, S. 

MORTAR-STONE, j. A stone hollowed 
out, formerly used as a mortar, for pro- 
paring barley by separating it from tfaa 
husks, S. Pinkerton* 

MORTERSHEEN, «. A faUl species of 
glanders ; q. mart au9 chien, a carcase 
for dogs. Spaiding. 

To MORTIFY, v. a. To give in mort- 
main, S. Ertkme* 
L. B. morti/icare terrast id. 

Mortification, t. 1. The act of giving in' 
mortmaiUft S. Mrskine* 

2. Lands or money thus disponed, S. 
Stai, Ace. 

MORTYM, MORTON, i. Supposed to 
be the common martin ; mertym. South 
of & ActiJa. VL 

MORUNGEOUS, a^j. In very bad hu- 
mour ; morungeoiu coaXvrl, very ilU 
humoured, S.B. 

MOSINE, t Tbetottchholeofapieceof 
ordnance; metaph. S. marton-Ao^. 

Z, Boyd. 

MOSS, «. 1. A mardiypbce. S. Barbour, 

9. A place where peats may be digged* 

& StaUu. Ace. 

Su. G. mote^ inmm, id^ locus uligin«^ 


Mosa-BuiQiER, s. The Bittern, S» A^, fopoi 
its booming sound. 

Mosa-cHazraa, s. 1. The Marsh Titmouse* 

2. The Tit-Uuk, S. Fleming. 

Moss- CORNS, $m pi, Sitverweed, &; also 
Mo9P<rop$, and Moor-grau. 

Moss-raops, Cotton-rush, and Hare's* 
tailed Rush, & Lightfoot. 

Mosa-TRoorKRs, #. Banditti who inhabited 
the marshy country of Liddisdale, and 
subsisted chiefly by rapine. 

Lay Last MinsireL 

MOSSFAW, «. A ruinous bnilding» Fiftw 

MOT, V. 0117. May. V. Mat. 


MOTE, $. 1. A little hiU, or barrow. 

A.S. mof, Isl. mOe, oonventus homi- 
num, applied to a little hill» because an- 
ciently coDTentiont were beld on emi- 
nences. Hence our Mote^iil of Scone. 
9. Sometimes improperly used for a 
high hill. Betlenden, 

3. A rising ground, a knoll, S.B. Rots. 

T» MOTE, V, a. 1. To pick motes out of 
any thing, S. 

S. To mote one*s self, to louse, S. 
5, To use means for discorering imper- 
fections, S. DoMgiai. 

MOTH, adj. Warm, sultry, Loth. 

MOTHER, f. The molher on beer, &c.» 
the lees working upb 8. 
Germ, moder, id. 



MOTHER- WIT, «. Common sense, dis- 
cretion, S. JVfpison. 

MOTTI E, a4j. Full of motes. Rou. 

MOVIR, MOUJR, MURE, orfj. Mild, 
gentle. FTyiUMcm. 

Belg. morwe, murw, Su. G. moer, mol- 

MonaLT, adv. Mildly. Wynioum. 

MOULY HEEL& V. Mules. 

To MOULIGH, V. n. To whimper, to 
whine, Ayrs. IsL mof^-a, to murmur. 

MOUNTAIN DULSE, mountain hiTer, 

MOUNTH, 1. A mountain. V. Moktb. 

To MOUP, MOOP, V. a. 1. To nibble, 

to mump^ S. J)ougia$, 

S. To impair by degrees. Ramtaj^. 

Most probably comipted from E. 


MOUSE, «. The bulb of flesh on the ex- 
tremity of the shank of mutton, S. pron. 

Teut iHuyt, carnosa pars in corpore. 

MOUSE-WEB, 5. V. MoosK-WEi. 

To MOUT, V. n. To moult, S. jtcts Ja. 11. 
Teut. muyt-ent plumas amittere. 

To MouT awa* (pron. moot) v. a. To take 
away piecemeal, S. 

MootiT, partt fa. Diminished, scanty, 
bare. Pa/jce Honour. 


To MOUTER, V. a. To take multoro Uir 

grinding corn, S. Ramm^, 

To MOUTER, (pron. mooter) «. «• TIm 

same with mout awa\ S. 
MOUTON,!. A French gold coin farong^ 
into S. in the reign of David II., ha- 
ving the impression of the .JgmM» Dei^ 
which the vulgar mistook finr a sheep ; 
hence called moalvn. X- j 

MOW, MOUE, $. A heap, S. 

A.S. meiw, acenrus. 
MOW, (pron. m^) s. 1. The mouth, S. 
Jfintfenrf JVwr. 
Fr. moae/ Stt.G. mam Teut. muyi^ 

9. A distorted mouth. RouB. 

5, Used in pi. in the sense of jest. Nae 
motps, no jest, S. Ckr. Kirk, 

To Mow, su a. To speak in modccry. 

MowAB, «. A mo^er. Police Honour, 
To Mow-BAMO^ 0. a. To mention, to arti- 
culate, S. Botu 
Teut. muyl'-band-enf liscellam on ap» 
Mow-bit, u A morwl, S. Fergtuamm 
Mow-raACHTT, ai(;. Palatable, S.B. 

From mow, the mouth, andyhmdU, 
perh. a lading. 
MOWCH, «. A spy, an eave-droppcr. 

Fr. nunuehe, moueke, id. Lyndmy. 
MOWE, «• Dust, S,peat'mowe, pcal^nsL 

MO WE, «. A moUon. Hvagks. 

MOWENCE, «. Motion, or pcriiaps de- 
pendence. Fr. mmufance, id. Bofbamr*. 
MOWSTER, s. Muster. Rettenden. 

MOZT, a4j. Daik in complexion, & 

Isl. moi^a, muscotingerBi 
To MUCK, V, a. To cany out dua^ SL 

Su. G. moch^ stabula porgare. 
Muck-fail, t. The sward mixed withdun^ 
used for manure, S. B. StaiiA Jlcct 

MocK-Minnxv. V. Mudxk. 
MUCKLE, a^. Great. V. Mmt. 
MUD, «. A small nail, used in the beds 
of shoes, Loth. 

Isl. mot, commissure, a joining dose. 

To MUDDLE, v. «. To ofvarthrow casQy 

andespeditioualy* Cftrwjrvi. 


Pafa. a dimin. from Teat maed-en, 
IfU moed-o, flectre^ deiecwe ; q.tomow 
To MUDDLE, o. n. To be busy At work, 
properly of « trirUl kind, while makiog 
little progress, & 

Teut. moddd^en, lutum morere, fodi- 

To MUD6E, V. n. To stir, to budget S. 
Muooi, s. The act of stirring, S. 

O. Fr. mueUf Lat motus, C. B. mud, 
a notion. 
MUDYEON, I. A motion of the coun- 
tenance, denoting discontent, soom, &c. 
mudgeon, Renfr. Monigomerie* 

Isl. modg-Ut irritare. 
To MUE, or MOO, v, n. To low as a 

Germ. mUf fox Taccae naturalis; 
muh-en, mugire. 
MUFFITIES, 1. jd. Mittens, either of 
leather or of knitted worsted, worn by 
old men, Ang. Orkn. 

Isl. muffa, Dan. moffe, chirotheca 
pellita, bybema. 
MUFFLES, «. fd. Mittens, S. Fr. mo^ffie. 
MUGGS, i. pi. iL particular breed of 
sheep, S. Statist. Acc> 

MUIR, s. A heath, &c. Y. Muax. 
MuxB-Buair. V. Moak-aDaw. 
MuiB^iLL, s. A disease to which black cat- 
tle are sutgect, & SiaHtt. Ace. 
MUIS, s. p/. 1. Bushels. ComplayntS. 
O. Fr. mm', a bushel ; Lat mod-itu, 
S. Heaps, parcels, i d. S^. 
MUIST, MUST, «. Musk, Border. 

Corr. from Fr. mutqutf id. Douglas. 
MUKEBAR, f. A miser. V. Mochk*. 
MULDES, MOOLS, «. 1. PuWeriscd 
earth, in general, $• 
2. The earth of the grave, S. Ramsay. 
5. The dust of the dead. Douglas. 

Moe8.G. mulda, Su.G. mull, A.& 
mold, dust, mol'O, comminuere. 
MoLDx-Mxn, J. 1. A funeral banquet 

2. The bst food eaten before death. 
To give 0710 his muld meat, to kill him, 
S> Muddiman, 


MULDRIE, «. Moulded woik. 

Paliee Honour* 
To MULE, MOOL, v. a. 1. To crumble^ 
& IsL mol^, id. 

2. To mule in, to crftmble bread into a 
▼esse], for being soaked, S. Eamsay* 
5, To mule in with, to have intimacy 
with, q. to eat out of the same dish, S. 

Muuv, MoLocK, «. A cruro, S. 

Teut moelie, offa ; C B. mvdwg, re- 
MULES, Kibes, chilblains, & 

Fr. mules, id. 
MULIS^ A term of contempt 

MULL, MAOIL, s. A promontory, S. 


Id. muli, front montis, promonto- 

rium ; Gael, maol, id. 

MULL, s. A virgin. Kennedy. 

A. S* meoule, id. Moes. G. mowilo, a 


MULL, t. A mule. Unoar. 

To MULLER, v, a. To crumble, & V. 

MULLIS, MOOLS, «. ;>^ Slippers, with- 
out quarters, anciently worn by persons 
of rank. MaUland Poems, 

Fr. mules, Ital. mtUo, Teut muyl, 
ber, quantity. Wallace, 
Fr. mukiplie, manilbld. 
MULTURE, MO0TER, j. The fee for 
grinding grain, S. Douglas* 
Fr. mouture, L. B. molihtra. 
MuLTuaxa, s. Hie tacksman of a mill, 8» 
MUM, s. A mutter, S.B. 

Teut momm-€n, lanram agere. 
MUM CHAIRTIS, «. jd. Cards with 
figures : or for mumchancisi mum» 
chance, being an old game at cards. 

Maitland Poems. 
MUMMING, i. Ferh. muttering. Bwrel. 
To MUMP, V. n. To hint, to aim at, S. 

MUMM*D, part. pa. Tingling from cold. 
Loth. ; apparently corr. from £. numb, 


Hum-UKX, a4j. Hsving the sppeinuioe 

of tUipor, Loth. 
HUN, «. mex. Must V. Mok. 
HuNDiv, «. Perhaps, prating fooL 

Teut, vunuUgh, loqtiadoiUL Philoiut, 
MUNDS, 5. The mouth, Loth. 

Germ, mund, id. 
MUNKS, 8. A halter for ahorse, Fife. 
Isl. mundvik, canthus oris ; Gael. 
muince, a collar. 
HUNN, f. A shortJiafWd spoon, Gallo- 
way. Stat. Ace, 
Perhaps from IsL fK»nm the mouth. 
HUNSIE, s. A designatioo ezpreuive of 
contempt or ridicule^ & perh. a corr. of 
iV. monnew^ vulgarly pron. monne, 
MUR, a4;. V« Movia. 
MURAL YEIS, «. pi. Walls, ^uglau 

Fr. muraiUe, a wall. 
To murder. BelleHd, 

Moes.G. mdurthr-^Mf id. 
MuaDHzsAE, «. 1. A Murderer. BeUend, 
2. A large cannon. Comg)l, S, 

Fr. meurtrieret id. 
MURE, MUIR, MOR, arte. MORE, t. 
A heath, a flat covered with heath, S. 
A.S. fNor, ericetum, heath-ground, 
IsL mbr, id> 
Moaz-BUKM, 1. 1. Hie burning of heath, 
& Act8 Jn. IV. 

8. Metaph. strife, contention, & 
Mdkzlakd, MooaftAMo, a4f. Of or belong- 
ing to heathy ground. Banaay, 

To MURGEON, v. a. 1. To mock, by 
making mouths. Chr, Alrk. 

Fr. morguer, to make a sour ^ace. 

9. To murmur, to grumble, & 
MuRGiON, MoB«BOON, t. 1. A murmur, S. 


8. Muttering, in reference to the Mass. 

H. Bruce. 


MURYT,;m«. Walled. Barhour, 

Fr. mnr-ert to wall. 
MURLAN, #. A round narrow-mouthed 
basket, S.B. V. Muelino. Pop. BaU. 
To MURLE. V. a. To moulder. 

Cfi. mwrl, animbling. Fricttt JPebiU, 


Mi^ftUK, «• 1. Any small el^ect, Ang. 
% A fimdliog term tat ma iohm^ dso 
murlie-Jikes, Ang. 
f. The skin of a young lamb^ or of a 
sheep soon after it has beeo sboni. 

This is merely E. wunrHng, fnorUmg. 
MURLOCH, «. The young piked dqg- 
fish. StMiti. Ate. 

MURMLEO, MURBL£D,o4^ Having 
sore or tender feet, so as to go Uase, 
Loth* aA. 

O.E. mormall, a sore^ or awdliBg on 
the feet, or elsewhere. 
7oMURR,v.n To purr at a cat, a tcna 
iq»pHed to infiints, & B. 

Isl. murr-a, Teut. m«rr>M, miitBii- 
MnauNG, s. A soft murasur, Aug. 

Su.G. iMori-o, mussitare. 
MUMRELL, «. Murmoring. LymiM^. 

Teut. murmul'en, submurmuimra. 
REON, t. A helmet Xnsf. 

FV. morion^ morrUm% id. 
MURTH, MORTH, t. Murder. 

Su.G.mort/, id. GL SAL 

To MUSALL, MISSEL, v.a. To veO. 

Su. G. mtisb, occultare. Actt Jd, i7. 
MussAL, Mtssal, MossAUKo, f. A vciL 

MUSARDRT, ». Musing, dmmiDg. 

Fr muMordiet id. mttjortf. Dom^s. 
MUSH, 5. One who goes between a lofcr 
and his mistress, Fife. 

Fr. mouschct a fly ; melapb. an eave- 
droper, a promoter. V. Mowca. 
MUSHINFOW, a4j. Cruel, W. Loth. 

apparently q. misckantfoM. 
sy. Teut. moseh^cn, mucere. PoLMon. 
S. Putrid, rotten. Bdlendnu 

MUSLIN.KAIL, s. Broth made of wa- 
ter, barley, and greens, S. q. meUm-kaiL 
V. Maschun. Bmrni* 

MUSSLING, add. Uncertain. Z Boyd. 
MUST, s, Mouldiness. flflirysefie. 

T?ut. motr fnoste, mucor. 
MUST, i. Musk. V. Muisr. 


mJST, «. Haxr-powder, or flour used iot 
this puipose, S. ; perhips as andentlj 
scented with mudt, 8. mutt, 

UUSTARDE-STONE, s. A stone used 
for bruising mustard seed, S. X>unbar, 

Tq MUSTUR, V, n. To make a great pa- 
rade ; q. To shew one's self. Vouglas* 

To MUt, V, n. To meet. Wallace, 

Moes.O. fnot'jafit Su.G. moet-a, id. 

HUTCH, 1. A bead-dress for a female, a 

Teut muttef Su. G. myssa, id. 
MUTCHKIN, f. A measure equal to an 
English pint, S. jicts Ja, L 

Belgi mutsie, denotes a quart. 
MUTEy «. 1. Meeting. Wallace. 


fi. A parliament, an asKmbl j. JTsnnedy. 
To MUTE, V. n. 1. To plead ; an old law 

term. Baron CourtM, 

2. To treat of. JfaHnmr, 

A. S. moi'ian, tnctare, diacutcre. 
MiTTE, Mon, «. 1. A plea. Beg. Miff* 

2. A quarrel. ButherfbrtL 

To MUTE, V. a. 1. To articulate. 

2. To mention what ought to be kept se- 
crct, S. Godscnvft* 

S, To complain, S. Wallaee. 

Lat mut-4re, to mutter. 
Used also as a o. a. Kennedy. 

MUTH, a4f. Exhausted with fatigue. 
V. Mait. Wyi^own. 


KA, NAE, N£, ado. No^ not, S. 

A.S. na, ne, id* Bofiour, 

NA, NE, CQf^. 1. Neither. Douglas, 

9. Nor. Batbour. 

3. Used both for ntithfr, and nor. 
A.S. no, ne, neque^ nee. J)ouslat. 
KA, cot^ But JDoug^. 

NA, coit;. Than. WaUace. 

CB. Gael. Ir. na, id. 
NA, a({fi No ; none. Barbour* 

Tb NAB, v,a. To strike, S. 
NACHET, NACKET, «. 1. An insig- 
nificant person. Dunbar. 
Ft. nacquet, a lacquey. 

S. ^ lUtle nackett one who is small in 

siae, S. 
NACKET, s. 1. A bit of wood, stone, or 

|x>ne, used at the game ot&iiniy, S. 
Su. G. hud, globulus lapidcus, quo 

ludnnt pueri. 

2. A quantity of snuff made up» or a 

small roll of tobacco, S. 
NACKETY, at^ V. Kwack. 
NACKIE, a^. V. Kwackt. 
NACKSk i- A disease in the throat of a 

fowL V. Knacks. 
tNAfiS,iiMti,i8iuM» as. 

NAGUSyS. An abosire designation, Duin 

Sa.G. iVccifcni, Neccus, Old Nick. 
NAIG, s. 1. A riding horsey & Burm* 

9. A stallion, S. 
NAIL. ^Jfat the naff, destitute of any 

regard to propriety of conduct, & 
NAILS, Refuse of wool, &B. 

Statist, Ace. 
NAIP, s. The summit of a house, ,S.B. 

Isl. nap-oTt prominet, naiifi promi* 
NAYSAY, NA-SAY, s. A refusal, & 
To Natsat, 0. n. To refuse, & 
NAIPRIE, t. Table linen, & Knox, 

ItaL napparicp id. 
NAITHLY, adv. Ferh. industriously. 

A.& nythlicef studiosus. Douglas. 
NAKYN, adj. No kind of, & Barbwr. 
NAKIT,prvf.v. Stripped. Pal. Hon. 
NAM, am not, q. ne am. Chaucer, n*am. 
Sir 2^strenu 
NAMEKOUTH,«(/. Famous. Doug. 

A. a namcutha, nomine notus. 
NANE, adj. No, none, a Doug. 

A. a nan, id. 


KANEa NANYS, «. JF^ikenaf^h on 

Su.G. naenn'Of to prevail with one'i 
idf to do ■ thing. 
KAPPIE, wii. BritUe. jr. NieoL 

Q. what ibia/yf, or ii easily broken* 
NAR, corif. Nor. Douglas. 

NAR, were not. Sir THtirem* 

NAR, a((/. Nigher. Poena I6th Cent. 

A.Sb fifar, id. 
To NARR, NBRR, NURR, o. n. To 
snarl as dogs, & O. Gi* Sibb. 

E. ^vtari A»& grufrT»ant Id. 
NARROW-NEBBIT, im^'. Contracted 
in one's views with respect to religious 
maUeri, S. V. Neb. 
NARVIS, a4/. Belonging to Norway. 

Sw. NortKgZt Norwegian. Skene. 
NAS, was not. Sir Tritirem, 

A.S. nas, ue,ne wtu, non erat 
NAT, adp. Not. Dougfas, 

NAT, know not. Douglau 

A.S. nai, i. e. fi« urn/, non scia 
3V» NATCH, o. a. To lay hold of vio- 

lently, S.B. 
NATE. «. Use. Bou^au 

IsL aof, id. V. Nonb 
NATHING, «. Nothing, & Barhour. 
TdNAVELL. V. NxiTi. 
NAVEN, NAWTN, t. Anavy. J^ot^oicr. 

Germ, nawen^ navia. 
NAWISSi NAWYSS, adv. In nowise. 

NAXTE', adj. Nasty. ^i> Gawoa. 

NE, eof^. Neither. Y. Na. 
N£,adv. No. V. Na. 
NE, pfi^ Nigh. A.S.fiMiir. Douglau 
NE WAR, Unless. Dougfas 

Alem. ne uuare, ntsL 
2b NE, V. n. To neigh. Doug^. 

Tent niMy-«ii, id. 
Ns, s. Neighing. DtntgUu. 

at(f. Niggardly, S. Ferguson. 

FVom near and gaand, going. 
NE ASE, I. Noae. R. Bruce. 

NEATY, NEATTY, Mf}. 1. Mere, &B. 

9. Identical, S.B. Bou. 

NEB, «. 1. Hie nose, used ludicrously. 


Lang'^ubbU, Narrow-ndlbU, q. v. 8karp» 
fuhhU, having a sharp nose, S. 
A.S. nMe, IsL nef^ naiua. 
S. The beak of a fowl, & JOBg. 

A.& Belg. fkebbct rostmni, 
S. Applied to the snout. ^''^^ 

4. Any sharp point, & 
NE C£, s. Grand-daughter. V. Kaircc 
NECKI T, t. A Uppet for a child, S. & 
NECK- VERSE, t. The beginning of 
tlia51stpsalro,lltfererein€i, &c 

Ltuf Last Mmstr. 
NEOMIST, a4j. Undermost, Sk 

A. 8. neotkemesit id. 
NEDWAYIS, odr Of necessity. 

A.S. neadwise, necessary. Barbour^ 

NEEDLE* FISH, s. The shorter |Npc- 

fish. SUfbaid. 

NEEF, s. Difficulty. P. Buck. DimL 

A.S. na/ffde. want 
NEERDOWEIL, s. One whose conduct 
gives reason to think that he will naier 
do weBt 8. Bawuay. 

To NEESE, «.fi. Tosneese^ & 

A.S. nies'ant Bolg. nies-M, Id. 
To NEESHIN, v. n. To dcsirs the mal^ 

S.B. V. Eassxh. 
NEFFIT, s. A pigmy, & proiL isy^fSf. 
Belg. n»i/}e, a chit; or from newe. 
(gutt) V. a. To approach. Otr.ITirt. 
Moes. G. nequh 'Jan, A. & nthw-an^ id. 
NEIDE, s. Necessity. WaOaee. 

NEID-FYRE, s. 1. Fire produced by the 
friction of two pieces of wood, S. 

A. S. ntfd, force, and>^, fire ; q. Ibr- 

S. Spontaneous Ignition, S. BeUenden. 
5. The phosphoric light of rotten wood, 
&A. Gi, Complaint. 

4. A beaoour S. A. Zoy Lasi Minstr. 
NEIDFORSE, j. Necessity. CompU S. 

Q. the necessity arising fromyvror. 
NEIDLINGIS, adv. Of necessity. jDm^. 
To NEIDNAIL, v. a. 1. To fasten by 
clinched nails, S. 

9. A window is neidnaU% when to fas- 
tened with nails in the inside, that the 
sash cannot be lilted up, S. ^ 


Sir. n^-nagUt, to rifet; from naed^th 
to dineb, and nagfOf a nmL 
K£I6RE, s. A termof nprcMcb, S.bofw 

rowed from Fr. negn, a negro. 
NEIPCE, KECE, t. A grand-dattghter. 
Lat. fu77^5, id. 8kene»> 

KB I PER, «. Corr. otR,neighbourt &B. 

9V» NEIR, HERE, To approach. 

Germ, naher-jnt propniquaie< 
NEIRa NER£S» t,pi. The kidneji, a 
Id. nyra, Sa.O. lUttrf, Teat niVtVi 
NEIS» NES, «. The nose, Si Dou^* 
A.S* naesei neie, Su.O. fioesa, id. 

NtfS-TRTRLS, NsS-TR^TLt, X. Nostfll, S.«s-tA^rk(. Douglas, 

Nearest, S. IF^/oam. 

A.S. neaA«/, Su.O. Dan. na^sf, id. 
Nam, j^np. Next Wjfnt9vm, 

Nbist, add. Next, S. Ramsay, 

NEIVE, NEIF, fc I. The fist, a ; pi. 
neijfis, nevys, nevfys, newffyu Doughs* 
To fold the nieDe, to clinch the fist, & 
2. Hand to nieve, hand and glove, a 
Jt. GaUowayt 
I«l neft^ kn&fe, SiLG. knaeff naefwe, 
NixTxru*, NzFTow, «» A handftil, a 

Su. G. naefwe/uB, Id. JVumti 

NiTTiL, s. The same, a B« 
7*0 NsvKLL, Natxll, NaFPLS, tr. a. 1. To 
strike with the fists, S. PhUoius. 

Su.G. hnuff-a, pugnis impetere. 
2. To take hold with the fist, a 
IsL hnyf-a, pugno prendo. 
NavEL, Navtir^ j. A blow with the fist, a 
NcTKLLiNG, NapFiLUXG, f. FIstiecuffs, S. 


To NnrrAEi-NiFFtit, v, a. To barter; 

properljT, to exchange what is held in 

one^, for what is held in another, a 


Ktirm, NiFFia, «. A barter, a Bums^ 

KvmiirG, i e. The act of bartering^ 



ih ^R , t, a. To prevent recehing checl, 

• term at chess. Manigpmerit^ 

Su. G. nek-a, to refuse. 



«. 1. A grandson. Wyntowut 

Lat nepos, a grandson. 
S« A great grandson. Dougfau 

S» Posteritf , though remote. Dougiau 

4. A brother*s or sister's son. Wallace, 
A.S. nepos, brother sune, vel susiet 


5. Any relation by blood. fTyniounu 
NER, NERE,prg>. Near, a 

A. a ner, Su.G. Dan. naer, 
NsaHANi), Neak HAirD,pr«^ Near, a 

Nkbe ramd, ado. Nearly. Wyniowitt 

Naa TIL, prfp. Near to, S. 
Naa-sxcui^iT, atf/* Shortsighted, a 

Su. G. naarsynt, id. 
NES, i. A promontory; ness, S. Doug* 

A. a nesse^ Su. G. iu»5, Belg. neus, id* 


NESa apl. nessis, ValUes. roOacr; 

A. a nessast loca depressa. 
NET, f. The omentum^ the caul, a 

Teut net, A. S. n^, nette, id. 
NETH,jjr«p. Below. ITaOicei 

A. a neothan, $u« G. ned, infra* 
NETHELES, cofi;. Nevertheless. 

A. a na the laes, id. Dougfau 

NETHIRMARE, adv. Farther down. 

A. a nither, and fTtore, more. Doug* 

NETHRING, t. Depression. V. Nin- 

naa. Barbour* 

NEUCHELD, (gutt) part, pa. With 

calf, Perths. 
2\i NE VELL» 0. a. To strike with the fist 
Navam s, A stroke of this kind. V* 



name. Gawan and Qoh 

Isl nafnt Dan. naffn, a name; nofaii* 
fr, to name. 
NEVYa^/. Fists. V. Naiva. 
To NEW, V. a. To renovate* 

d«a nc«i9-Mn, id. Crawonond (M 


KEWCAL, f. A cow newiy calved. Loth. 


K£WD,/ior/.;Ni. Oppreswd, &B. Rou, 

Isl. nu^, conterere, the iune with 

gny^, subigere. 

KEWTN, Renewing; or peril, naming. 

NEWINGS, 8.pL Norelties. StUkerfifrd. 
NE WIT, part. pa. Renewed, V. New. 
Earnestly desirous. Loth. 
S. Parsimonious, covetous, greed j. Loth. 
A.S. hneaw, teiyax, O.E. ruggiih, oo* 
Tetoua ; Su. G.nidskt nitk, avarus, parcus. 
NEWLINGIS»'a</o. Newly; S.newlins, 
NEWMOST, adj. Nethermost, S.B. 

A.S. neothemeii, id. Joum. Land. 
NE WTH, prep. Beneath. V. Nrh. 

To NTAFF, o. n- 1. To yelp, to baric. & 
S. Applied to the pert chat of a saucy 
diild, or of any diminutive person, S. 


To NIB, v. a. To press or pinch with the 
fingeiB. Montgomene* 

Isl. kneppe, ooarcto. 
• NICE, at{f. Simple. Sarmatyne P. 

Fr. niais, simple. 
Nicrb', Ntcrs', s. Simplicity. Rarbour. 
O. Fr. mce, dull, simple ; nicei^ sim- 
To NICH, NYGH. v. a. V. Niych. 
neighbour. JSellenden. 

A. S. neah-ge-ivre, Germ, nach-bauer, 
neahf nach, nigh, id. ; and ^^-^ure, bauer, 
an inhabitant 
NICKER, v. n. 1. To neigh, S. Ramu 

A.S. gnaeg-an, Isl. hnaegg-ia, id. 
2. To laugh in a loud and ridiculous 
manner, S. Minslr. Bord. 

NicHxa, Nicxxa, «. 1. A neigh, S. 

Minttr. Bord. 
2. A horse laugh, S. 
NYCHLIT,pref.o. Uncertain. Houlate. 
NYCHTYO, pret. Drew to night. 

8a. G. IsL naU-a$, ad noctem vergere. 


To NICK, V.1I. To drink bcwtily. &S. 
To NICKER, en. Y . Nichse. 
NICKSTICK, $. A tally, S. 

S. niekf a notch, and stick. 
NI CKET, t. A small notch. GL 5!U. 
NICK-NACK, s. 1. A gim-cnck, S. 

2. Small wares, &B. Moriootu 

NICNEVEN, s. The Soottidi Hecaie or 

mother-witch. Montgom 

To NIDDEB, NITHER, v. a. To 

press, S. 

S. To straiten ; applied to bounds. 

9. Nidderedf pinched with cold, Anf. 

4. Pinched with hunger, S. 

5. Stunted in growth, S. A. GLSM. 

6. Plagued, warmly handled, &B. 

Su.G. nedr^at, nidr^ao, dqprtmi; 
Teut. ver^edr-en, id. 
To NIDDLE, V. n. 1. To trifle with th» 
fingers, S. 

2. To be busily engaged with the fia- 
gers, without making progress^ Sb 
Isl. hnudl'O, digitis prensare. 
NIEVE, t. The fist, S. V. Nutb. 
To NIFFER, v. c V. Nnn. 
NIFFNAFFS, (pron. f^^^ky^s), «. pL 

1. Small articles of little Talue^ S. 

2. Denoting a silly peculiarity of tam- 
per, displayed by attentioa to trifles^ & 

Fr. tupcM, trifles, Sw. mpp, id. 

To NvxAfT, V. n. To trifle, to speak or 

act in a silly way, & JRoau^. 

To NIGHT, V. n. To lodge during nigfat. 

Isl. natt-a, pernoctare. Spaldimg, 


Gim-cracks, S. Ranuay, 

2. Whims, peculiarities of temper or 

conduct, S. Cleiaud. 

NYKIS, 5. p. prts. v. Gawan and GoL 

Perhaps allied to Su.G. neh^j to 


NILD, L. co%ad. MaiOand Poetnu 

NYMNES, J. Neatness. BmL 

To NIP, NIP tip, or aioo, v. a. To carry 

off cleverly by theft, S. Ro$$^ 

IsL hnippe, raptim moto. 


Nir, Van, t. A nnaU bit of »nj thing, a 

Su«G. nypa, id. 
KiF, i. A bite^ a term tued {n fiahuig» S. 
KooAEK* f. One who ents deiieate food 
ckndeidnely, & Jhinhar. 

NiFPiT, aty, 1. Niggardly. & 

Su.G. napp, isL hnepp^r, areCak 
S» Scanty in any respect^ S. Lyndteof. 
KmiTG, «. Ta 6e of ni)rftig» to quarrel, & 
KIPSHOT, f. 7b jjfoy lupiAof, to give 
the slip. BaUUe, 

Ptthape^ q. to 9HP one*a lAel. V. 
NIRL, «. 1. A cramb, S. 

2. Aanallkno^aB. 

3. A puny dwarflah person, & B. 
Teut kuorre, tuber, £• Aiwrl!?. 

KntLBBi oiff. Stunted ; iqiplied to tPees» 

NIRLESk i.flL K species of measles, & 

which has no appropriate name in £. 
NISBIT, t* The iron that passes across 

the nose of a horsey and joins the 6ranib 

together, An^^ 

From neu, nose^ and hU, 
7o NYTE, «. fi. To deny. D<mghu. 

IsL neli-a, Dan. naeg^-er^ id. 
To NYTE, V. a. To strike smartly. V. 

NITHER, NIDDER, «(;. Aether, a 

IsL nedret id. RuddiwuM, 

To NITHER, o. a. V. Niddkb. 
NITTIE, NEETIE, a^. Niggardly, 

covetous, a 

So.G. gnetigt Mod. Sax. netig, id. 
To NYVIN, r. a. To uune. V. NiTiir. 
NYUM, Houlate. L. n^oin, name. 
KIVLOCK, 1. A bit of wood, round 

which the end of a hair.tether is fasten- 

ed, a B* from fiieve, Su. G. na^floe, the 

fist, and lycka, a knot. 
NIVVIL,f. V. NnvK. 
NIXT HAND,pr«p. Nigbestto. Doug. 
NIZ, $. The nose, Ang. V. Nxxs. 
NIZZELIN, pari. a((f. 1. Niggardly, 


8. Spending much time about a trifling 
matter, from an avaricious disposition, 
S. B. Su. G. nidakf nitk, coretous. 


NOB, f. A knob. SouIaU. 

NOBLAY, «. 1. Nobleness, faithfulness. 


8. Courage^ intrepidity. Barbour. 

O. Fr. nobloih nobilitasi 

NOBLEa <• The armed bullhead, Loth. 

NOCHT, adv. Not. Barbour. 

A.S. nahifnohtf nihil. 
NocBT FOB TBI, co^. Nevertheless. 


NOCK, NOK, NOKK, #. 1. The notch 

of a bow or arrow. Douglas. 

8. The atremity of the sailyard. Doug. 

3. The notch of a spindle, aB. Gl. 

Shirr. Bannatjfne Poemt. 

Teut nocke, crena, indsura. 

Nocxis, Nonor, part. adj. Notched. Doug. 

NOCKIT, NOKKIT, s. A luncheon, 

a Aust 
To NODGE, r. a. To strike with the 
knuckles, a B. V. Gkidos and Kwuse. 
To NOY, v» a. To annoy. Lj^ndsay. 

Teut. noy^^n, no^-en, id. 
Nonr, part, pa, 1. Vexed, a 

3. Wrathful, a a 
Not, s. Annoyance. Barbour. 

NoTis, t. Annoyance. Wyntown. 

NoTocrs, a4i' Noisome. • Houlate. 

Norse, a noorite. Wallace. 

Norm. Sax. norieet Fr. lumrusff, id. 
To NOIT, NYTE, v. a. To strike smart- 

ly,.a V. Knoit. 
NOK, #. A notch. V. Nock. 
NOLD, would not. Dotigftu. 

K,S,nolde, noluit 
NOLDER, cof^. V. Nocthxb. 
To NOLL, NULL, v. a. To press, beat 
or strike with the knuckles, aB. 
Alem. inouel, a knuckle. 
Noll, t, A strong push or blow witli the 

knuckles, aB. V. Nsivb» Nxvxll. 
NOLL, 1. A large piece of any thing, S. B. 

Su. G. knod, tuber, a bump. 
NOLT, NOWT, s. 1. Black cattle. 
8. A stupid fellow, a Surv. Moray. 
1st. naut, Sw. noet, an ox. 
NoLTRiXD, «. A neatherd, 8. Douglas. 
NOME, pret* Taken. WaUaee. 

A. a mm-an, to take ; pMt. Usui. 


NOHSi's. 1. Noon. 

A.SL wm, Vf, ngne, idb 
9. DiBDer. 
NON-FIANCE, $. Want of < 


¥r, nan, aeg. tmdfimcet ooBfldenca 

NON-SOUNT, t. A bMe eoin. Mkom. 

Fr. JlfexstCTirs df n«n aotU, iima who 

a» imperlcet in ft phyncal aeofle. 

NOR, cof^. Than, & Dunbar, 

NORIE, «. The Puffin, OriiB. 

iSlalitf • ^A?o» 
NORIES» «. /){. Whims, Berths. 

Sw. natT'ai, iUnderew 
NORYSS* t. Nurse. V. Normis. 
a^f' Sponging to the North country, 
S.B. Percys 

IsL nordlingr, Dan. nordlaend^r. Id. 
NoHUMs, adv* Northward, S.B. JZotf. 
occasioned by a blew, 8. A. 

£. ibivH, a knot. Jowmtd LontU 
NORTHIN, NORTHYN, tu{f. North- 
erly. CMmpiayni S, 
NOSEWISS, at{j, I. Hating an acute 
smell, & 

9. Metaph. denoliiig o«e, wba either u, 
or pretends to be, quick of percepUon. 

Genm ntueweist self-witled, critical. 
N05T, f. Noise; speculadoa about any 
subject, S.B. 

Su. G. h^-a, musntate ; Isk Aniif-a, 
NOT, know not V. Nat. DougUu. 
To NOTE, V. a. 1. To use^ &B. Doug. 
A.S. iiol-Mm, I«l. uiot-a, id* 
S. Touseassuatetumc^ S.B. 


Tevt. nuH-tn^'uHi; vead } lA i 
eating, neitte, vcsoer. 
5. To Bee4 Aog. 
Keva, Now, * 1. Use. 
S* Occasion fiar, S.B* 

Alem. noi, Su.Cb need; id. 
NOTELESS^ o«l UonoCisad, && 

NOTOUR, NOTTOUR,ai^. 1. Noto- 
notis, & ¥Kiiofoir0w lV»idoe«ia. 

S; Avowedly persisted in, notwithstand- 
ing all waning^ & Mnkme, 
NOURISKAP,!. l.ThepkceofaBUSiv 

2. The fee giveA lo a nurss^ & 

From A.8. neMOS, a muasv andscy^ 

Su. G. step, demHiBg atalsw 
NOUT, «. n^ cattle. Y.Nouw 

DER, eo^f. Neitbeiv S» i^oi^te. 

NOUy£LLBfl» KOU£i.LSS» a. pi. 

News, & Compioyni & 

NOW, f. The cniwB of the head. 

A. ik aiM% VSMSB* Jt^^fOn* 

NUB BERRY, «. The Kaoutbeny. 


NUCE, NESa t. Destitttt^ Abend, ii. 

Su. 6* fiosd; aeoaasity, iiM, pawimo* 

NUCKLE. a^. Applied to a cow which 

has had on* cal^ and will calve sooa 

again. V. Nxwcau 
NULE-KNEED, a^ KnockJineed, & 

perhaps q. knucUe-kneeiL V. Nou. 
NUMMYN, pan, pa. U Taken. Doug. 

3. Reached, attained. V. Nomk. 
NUNREIS, 9. A nunnery. BOiendeu. 
NURIS, «. A nunew V. Notms. 

To NUSE, V. flu To knead. V. Kinmii 


O, art. One, ibr a. Sir Tridranu 

O, fl. Grandson. V. Oi. 
OAM, t. Steam, vapour. 

8u.G. em, im, vapouiv 
OAT-FOWL. «. The name of a. small 
bird, OifcB. Stmt. Ace, 

To OBFUSQUE, v. a. TodaiiEen, Fr. 
OBIT, s. A pasticukr length of slati^ 

To OBLEIS, OBLTSE, o. a. To bind, 

to oblige. 

OMft, part pa. stipulatod. DougjUu. 


OBLIUEi f. ObUnoB. JDpi^faft 

OBSERVE, i. A reoiric^ & Wodrow. 

OCHIEBN, «. One equal in diglilty with 

tbe ion of a Thane. Beg, ATq;. 

Gael. «««-l*t0r«a, tJie fMiQg kmL 

OCKER, OCCRE, OKER, j^ 1. Usiny. 

S. Intercfly even when kgaL 

Akp. HmMMmu 
SibG. odr, o&r, incieaii, vsniy; 
Teut oecker, 
OcKMMMM, «. An usurer. Big* Mi^» 

Bw 6ckrart, id* 
OCTI ANEk m^ Betonging lo the oesaa. 
ODIN. Promi9e qf OtfM, a piomiee of 
marritge, or particular sort of oontractt 
accouniedl veiy iacied bj iMae of tba 
inhabitanta of Otknej, tbe oontMcting 
' partiea Joining hancb tbrongh an orifloe 
in the Black Sione of Odin, 

Trans, S, AnHq, & 
ODOUREff. NaatineH. Dou^Ua. 

OE, O, Oira» ib A giandion, & Wattace, 

GaeL fl^Ao, id Ir. «a» ld« 
0*£RBLADED, paH, pa. Hard dciireil 
inptttauit V.Buin. IToffon. 

0*£RC0M£,«. Tbeavaiplnti a 

0*£RW0RA«* AByteHnftequeBtlyre- 

pcntrd. S» 
OFFSET* <. A wcwmnendatioB, & 

OFTSYia» ad9. Often* 
OGART, $, Pridcb arrogance. jrdZactf. 

Sw. k^gfMLf Alem. il«A/brf, pride. 
GERTFOW, «Mtf. 1. Nice^ gqneamlib, 
&B. JnurmULamd. 

2. Affecting delicacy of taate^S.B. 

A.S. cfo, IsL vggir, fear, horror. 
OHON,Ml«9. Alaa, & GaeL 
GTE, t, Grandfon. V. Oa. 
OIL OF HAZEL, a lound drubbing, & 
OYL.DOLlE,<. Oil of olivei. 

Vr. huUe d'olive, Ckron, & Pf 

To OYNT, OYHNT, e. 0. To anoint 


OYSE, OTCE,*. InlMofiheiM. 

III. 001, Su.G. of^ ostium iluminii. 
2b O YSS» V, a. To nie. Wattace. 

Or99, Otb, t, I. Custom. fFyntovm. 

2, Manner of life. iTaUacts 

OI8T, «. Army, Fr. ocf. J)oygfa$k 

GIST, «. A lacrifico^ Let. AooT-m. Hot^. 
OLDER* o(M|f. Either. V* Grain. 

OLY, OLY-PRANCE, «. Jolfity. 


a. Oil; &B. u/ttf. DougUu* 

Ba§,oiie, Ft. huiU,id, 

OLIGHT, OLITE, a4f. Nimble^ active^ 

&& re%. 

8u.G.^^fa0<l, too light; fleet. 

OLIPHANT, s. An elephant, i:: anotr. 

Teut. olrfant, O. fV. oUpkafUt id. 
OMAST, a4f. Uppermoit. V. Umasi. 

OMNE^GATHERUM, s. A mifoeOa- 
neons collection, a medley, S. 

Leg, St Androiu 

ON, in oomposition, a negatiTC particle^ 

&B. Germ. oAn, id. Abp, MamUioun, 

ONANE. ON-ANE, ONON, adv. 1. 

One in addition. Douglag, 

9. Forthwith. Barbour, 

A.& ofMm, inunmn,eontinuo. 


jte L A monster. Sir Egiamour, 

S» Any irild or ratcnoos cieaturek S.B» 


S, Thetoolhacb, &B. 

4. A noxious member of buman socie- 
ty, Ang. 

ON BBEDE, adv. 1. Wide open. 


5. Eitemdtely. JDomgkUm 
A.& on, in, and braed, latitudbx 

ONCOME, t. A fall of rain or snoar» 8. 
ONCOST, $, 1. Ezpenee before profit^ 

2. Extra eipenee. File. 
ONDANTIT, jNirl.jNi. Untimed. 

Ompbyni S, 
ONDINGi ti A fall of rain or snow, bnt 


espcdallj of the Utter, &B. V. Dna 


ONEITH, adj. Uneujr. V. Umith. 
ONESCHEWABIL, «&'. Unamdable. 

ONFALL, t, A f«]l of rain or snow, & 
ONFALL, t. A diaeaae which attadu 
without any appiupent ctuae. 

Germ. uufhO, caws eztnordinarius, 
ONFEIRIE, ai(;.Infinn. V. Umfbet. 
ONGOINGS* #. pi. Procedure, & on- 

gointt S*B* 
ON Y, a4f, Aoj, & ITynfoiM. 

ONK£ND,;Nir«. ad{}. Not known. £nox. 
OJUMAIJEV, paH.a4f, Unmown. 

ONSTEAD, s. Tlie building on a ftrm, 
&A. Pfniwcitii. 

A.S. on, MBdtted, locus. 
To ONTER, 0.91. Torear, utedofhonei. 
ON. WAITER, «. One who waits pa- 
tiently. Rutherford. 
ONWAITING,!. 1. Attendance, S. 

S. FMient expectation of what is delay, 
ed. Euthe^ord. 

To ONTRAT, o. a. To betray. 

iStr Gowan. 
On and Fr., to betny. 
ONWALO WYO, part. pa. Unfiided. 

OO, f. Wool, & ^« oe 00, & all to the 

OON, UNE, s. An oven, S. Gordon. 

Moea.G. auhn, &G. tfgn, id. 
OON EGG, s. An addle egg, &0. 

Sw. wind-egg, id. Afary Siewari. 
To OOP, OUP. WUP, r. a. To bind 
with a thread or cord, B.- GL SM. 
MOCS.G. waUhjan^ Su.G. vtef-wa, to 
ChilU bleak, S. 
S. Having the sensation of cold, S. 

OtfrfocA, id. Bucban. Burnt. 

8. Having the haur on end, & A. 

IsL w rain, Su.O. stonny weather. 
Opauins, t. Tendency to shivering, S. 


OPINIOUN,!. Party, fiKtion. SdUnd. 

Lt.'Bm opinio, id. 

To OPPONE, V. a. To oppose^ Let op- 

pon^re. Xnott. 

7V> OPTENE, o. (^ To obtain. JOomgUiu 

OR, adv. 1. Before, ere, & Barbour. 

Or thys, before this time. Zkmgjlag. 

(^ Man, before that time. Id. 

S. Rather than, & Barbour. 

The same with or, before. 

ORiCoii;. 1. Lest. traOuee. 

8. Than. J)ou^iat. 

ORAGIUQ, a^. Tenpestoous. BureL 

Vt. orageux, id. 
ORATOUR, s. Ambeaiador. BeOend. 
de. /Inigtes. 

ORCHLE, J. A poich, Meams. 

Crenn. erker, pr^jectuza aedificu. 
ORD, «. A steep hill or mountain. 

GaeL ard, ahill ; IsL ftrd; montaaink- 
ORE, ». Grace, ftvour. Sir TrUtrom. 
IsL oor, our, largus, munificus; atcr 
oc Uidr, largus et affiibilis, VereL 
ORERE, OURERE, mtotj. Avannt 

Fr. arriere, aloof. Houlate. 

ORBTOWTl^HG, part. pr. Muttering. 

Teut oor4uyt'en, susurrsre. BureU 


in gold, Fr. T. Qnair. 

ORISON, «. An oration. BelUnd. 

Fr. oraiion, id. 
• «. I. A clock, a diaL 

Fr. korloge, Lat. horohg-hm. Id. 
S. Mctaph. applied lo the cock. Ho^g. 
8. Denoting strict adherence to the 
rules of an art. Doi^jlat. 

4. The dial-plate of a dmrdi or town- 
dock. S. 
ORLANG, s. A complete year, Ang. 

Su.G. oar, or^ annua, and lange, diu. 
ORNTREN, «. The repast taken between 
dinner and supper, Galloway. 

A.S. ondem, breakfiut ; also dinner. 

To ORP,t>. n. To fret, or chide habttual- 

lyi S. JIaaisay. 

Oanx, pare, a4^ I. Proud. Demglat. 

2. Fretful, habitually chiding. & 

Bp. Galloway. 


ORPH ANY, f. IVunten gold. 

Fr. oripeau, id. Pal. of Bon. 

ORPHELING, f. An orphan. 

Fr. orphdin, id. £nox, 

ORPHIR, «. Embroidcrj. 

Fr. orfrait, id. Burei, 

ORPIE, ORPIE-LEAF, f. Orpine, 

ORROW, OR A, a4i. 1. Notinmtchcd, S. 
S. What may ba viewed as an overplus, 
& Bamtay. 

3. Not appropriated. Shirr^, 

4. Not engaged, & 

5. Occasional, accidental, S. 

Sa.G. urwalt rejectanea; urfUM, la- 
dnia agri separata. 
Oaaows, s. pi, lliings^that aire supemu- 
^ merary, S.; oreU, Aug. 

Perh. ^ over alls. 
To ORT, V. 0. 1. To throw aside proven- 
der, & 

S. Toaomble, S.B. 
3. Denoting lejection in whatever sense, 
& O. Ir. ' orda, a fragment. 
OS AN, s. Hosannah. Poems I6th Ceni, 
OSNABURGHS, s. pL Coarse linen 
doth manufactured in Angus, from its 
resemblance to that made at Otnaburgh 
in Germany, S. Stat. Ace. 

OSZXL, OSILL, f. Thering-^Hisd, &A. 
A.S. o<£f, the blackbird. Compl. S. 
OSTYNG, f. Encampment fTaUace. 
OSTLEIR, OSTLER, s. An innkeeper. 
V. HosraLARz. JDunbar. 

OSTRYE, OSTRE', f . An inn. 

ItaL hottaria, Fr. hottderie, id. 
OTHEM UPOTHEM, cold flummery, 
used instead of milk, with boiled flum- 
mery, Aberd. ; q. of them^ as wdl as«p« 
on lAeai. 
Other. . Ifyntown. 

S. The second, also /oMtr. fTytUown. 
3. Each other, & PTyntotcnu 

OTHXR, OWTHYR, cotif. Either, S. 

IsL audr, Germ, oder, id. JSellend. 

OnuB, adv. Besides. Doit^oi. 

OmuAii j^ cof ^* Either, etkerane, etherins, 

S* rdZacr. 


OTTER^PIKE, a. The common weevcr. 


OUER, OUIR, OVIR, o<(;. 1. Upper, 

Kvir, &B. Dottgfat* 

2. Superior, as to power. The uvir 

handt the upper hand, S. B. 

Su. G. oefwerhand, id. Wyniawn. 

OutBAJCcs, t. Superiority. 

utbp. Hamiltoun. 
OUER, prtfp. Over. V. Ooa. 
OUER ANE, adv. In common. Alouer 
one, all together. Douglas. 

To OVERBY, v.a. To procure indemoi- 
ty from justice by money. Priests Peblis. 
To OURFLETE^ v. n. To overflow. 

Teut. over-fleit'fnt superfluer& Dougt 

OVERFRETT, part. pa. Embroidered, 

A. S.fraet'Wan,' ornare. Dougloi. 

OUERHEDE, adv. Without distinction* 

SL ourhead, in the gross. JOouglas. 

Su. G. oefwer hti/itd, id. 

To OUERHEILD, v. a. To cover over. 

V. HiiLD. Doughs. 

To OUERHIP, v. a. To skip over. V. 

Hit, V. Douglas. 

OVERLY, a4j. Careless, superficial, S. 

A.S. overlicet negligenter. 
OUERLYAR, t. One who oppresses o- 
thers» by takiog free quarters. 

Acts Ja. II. 

OUERLOFT, s. The upper^eck of a 

ship^ Douglas. 

OUERMEST, a4;. The highest. Doug. 

OVER-RAGGIT, part. pa. Overhaled. 

Priests PebHs. 

Dan. over and rag^er, to stir. 

OUER-RAUCHT, /ire/. Overtook. 

To 0UER*RE1K, V. a. To reach over. 

To OUERSET, v. a. 1. To overcome. 

^ To overpower, & Dougfas. 

A.S. ofer^switk^Ut prsevdere. 
supreme ruler. WynioufU. 

S. An arbiter. Wallace. 

5. A third arlHter, S. Jc$sJa.L. 

Teat over-man, a praafect . . 


OUERSWAK, u ThoreflQZof die W8f«9^ 
V, Sfak. Douglat* 

OU£RrVOLUIT,paH./>a.LMd aside. 

OUGHTLINS» adv. In the least degree, 

8. lUmtay. 
OUGSUM, fi4j. Horrible. V. Uosom. 
OULIE» «. CMi. V. Olyk. 

OULK, OWLK, $, A week; &B. tmk. 

A.S. ueti, vmcot id. BeUenden^ 

OULTRAIG£,4. An outrage. 

O. Fr. ouitrage, id. CompUiyfU S, 


1. Over, beyond, k^ S. JBarbomr* 

3. Denoting excess, S. Sometime u« 
ced as a f • 

OURB£LD,paii.jia. Covered over. V. 

3\> OURCOME, 0. n. To recorer, & 

OURCOME, 0*ERCOM£i «• Q««i^ 
plus, S. JIam«ay. 

OURE-MAK, I. V. OuxasHAK. 

Te OURQ A£, OURG ANG, o. a« 1. To 
oveirun, o* 
S. To exceed, to aurpaas, & Mamtt^4 

9. To master, & Many* 

4. V, n« To elapse. 7%e ourgafieyeart the 
past year, S. A.S. ofer^an, excedere. 

3\» OURHARI4, V. a. To overcome. 

Maitiand Poemu 

T^ OURH YE, V, a. To overtake. JTaUaa. 

A.S. ^cr and A^*^*** *o make haste. 

OURIE, a4j. Chill. V. Ooeix. 

OURLAY, OWRELAY, s. A cnvat, S. 



perior. W^aiiaee* 

OURLOUP, OURLOP, f. An occa- 

aional trespass of cattle. L, HaiUu 

A.S. ofer4eop-cnt transire. 

OURNOWNE, i. Afteraoon. WaUaee. 

A.S. o/erfum, id. 
OUR QUHARE, adv. V. QtjHAae. 
OURRAD. L. Our nid. Too hasty. 

A.S. ofer, nimis, and kraeds celer, 
^»T7« ' ^wiibar. 


Q. beyond what is nghi, Fland. oa«v 
recA/, praeier reetum. 

To OURRID, v.a. Totimvene. Baahe/m. 
A. S,rfer-ryd-anf equo autcumt trans- 

SILE, V. a. 1. To cover, to oonoc«L 
V. SiLx. ir«^aoic. 

3. Also rendered, to beguile. 

OURTANE, part, pa, I. Overtaken, S. 
9. Overtakentyy justice, brought to tiiaL 

vrart ; athort, & otirier, Dumfr. WoBaoe, 
Sw. twert oejwer, id. inverted. 

OURTILL, prep. Above, beyond. 


o. To turn upside down* Wymiowih 
IsL tyrthOf to overwhebn. 
7\> OURWEILL, t^ o. To exceed. 

A. S. ofer^weU-am, superfluere. 

woM iVc^ently lepeated, 8. Atmi, 

S. llie burden of a song. JDimfatv 
OUSEN, pWaBN,/>{L Oxen, & Amu. 

Moes. G. ofiAjiie, id. atiASk boa. 
OusxM Miur, aowau^ or flummeiy not 

boiled ^ used instead of milk, Dnmlir. 
OUT, OWT,<ufo. Completely. JTyniowu 
To OUT> ife a. To expend; or, to find 

vent for. JRvMey^M, 

poTiKG, f. A vent Ibr commodjileai M 
To OUT, V. fi. To iasucu Barbottr. 

OUT- ABOUT, adv. Out of doon, S. 

OUT-BY, adv. 1. Abroad, without & 

9. Out ftom,al some distance, fl. Boss. 
A. S. tti ex, extra, and by, Juxta. 
To OUT-BRADE, v. a. To dvaw out 
To OotXBADx^ «. n. To atart out V. 

OUTBREAKING, s. 1. Eruption on 

the skin, & 

S. An open tran^grcaaion of the law of 

God, & Butkerford. 

2\> OUTBULLER, v. n. To gush out 

vrith a gurgling noise, & Dait^ 


OUTCAST, I. A qwirrel. a Jtuiher^. 
OUTCOltfE, OUTCUM, 1. 1. Egress. 

S, Termination, & IL GaUoway. 

Z, Incxeue, product, S. 

Belg. uytkometh to come out 

4. That season in which the day begins 
to lengthen, Waiton, 

OUTFALL, f. A contention, S. Penrmnt. 

Sw. t({/o<f, a hostile excursion. 
OUTFIELD, a4j. and f. Arable land, 

which is not manured, but constantly 

oopped. / SUUisL Ace, 

OUTFORNE, pnU v. Caused to come 

foMfa. MoiUgomerie, 

A.S. ui/are, egressus est 
OUTGAIT, OUTGATE, s. 1. A way 

fott egress. Douglas. 

5. Escape fh>m hardship of any kind. 

JB. Sruce, 
qVTGASE, Elapsed, S. 

OUT-HAUAR, #• One who carries or ex- 
ports goods from a country. Acts Ja, /. 
PUTHIB, cor{j» Either. V. Othir. 
buTHORNE, s. 1. The horn blown for 
aummoning the lieges to attend the king 
in/«r of were. Acts Ja, II, 

2. The horn blown to summon the lie- 
ges to assist in pursuing a fugitive. 

Acts Ja. I, 

3. The horn of a sentinel. Maitland P, 
OUTHOUSE, f. An officeOiouse, & 

Sw. tUhus, id. 
OUTLAY, f. Expenditure, S, Stat.Acc^ 

Sw. tulagg-^tf to expend. 
OUTLAK, prep. Except IT. HarU 

Out and lack, to went 
OUT-LAIK, OUT.LACK, s. The su- 
perabundant quantity in weight or mea* 
sure. Gl, Sihb, 

OUTLER, at{;. Not housed, & Sums, 
Odtlck, s. a beast diat lies without, S. 

Gl, Sibb, 
OUTLY, t. Applied to money which lies 

out of the hands of the owner, S. 
OUTLY, adv. Fully, & B. Ross, 

not taken from a quariy, but lying out 
intfaefle}d,& , 


OUT-THE-GAIT, m^'. Honest $ q. one 
who keeps tlie straight road, S. 

OUT-OUR, OUT.OWRE,a^9. l.Orer, 
S. Barbour, 

2. Out iVom any place, S. 

OUTOUTH, prep. V. OD<rwiTH. 

OUTQUENT, part, pa. Extinguished. 
V. QuciTF. Douglas, 

OUT.RAK£,f. 1. Expedition. V.Kaik. 
f . An extensive walk for dieep or cat* 
th9, & O/. Sibb, 

OUTRANGE, s. Extremity. MoUkindP, 
Ft, oultrance, id. 

To OUT-RED, v.a. 1. To extricate, S. 

2. To finish any buidness, 8.B. 

3. To clear off debt MeUvHTs MS, 
Isl. utrett^Of perficere negptium. 

OuTEEo, «. 1. Rubbish, S. 

9. Clearance, finishing, S.B. Sost^ 
OUTRE YNG, «. Extremity. Barbour, 
Ft, outrtTt to carry things to extremity 
OUTSCHETT, part, pa. Excluded. 

Police Honour, 
A. S. ut out and scylt-an,. obserare. 
OUTSET, s. 1. Commencement' a 

2. The publication of a book, S. 
OUTSHOT, s, A projection, S. 

Sw. ulskiutande, id. skiut'-a ut, to pro- 
ject Belgi uytschiet-en, id. 
OUTSIGHT, s. Goods, or utensils out 
of doors, S. Erskine^ 

OUTSPECKLE, s, A laughing-stock. 

Minstrelsy Border, 
OUTSPOKEN, a^;'. Given to freedom of 

speech, S. 

OUTSTRIKING, t. An eruption, & 

OUTSUCKEN, «.l.The freedom of a te- 

nant from bondage to a mill, S. Erskine, 

2. Duties payable by those who are not 

astricted to a mill, S. Id. 

OuTsucKBK, a4j. Used in the same senses 

5. V. SucKFi?. Id* 

prep. 1. Except Douglas, 

Tane or taken out, 

2. Besides, in addition. Bathour, 

OUTT£RIT,pret Ran out of the course, 

Fr. oultrer, to ran through. Lyndsay. 


6, Isl. iifM/'io, eligcre. Henrysone. 


7b OUTWAIR, V. a. To expend. V. 

Wabx. ArbuthnoU 


prep. 1. Without, on the outer side. 


2. Outwards, out fVom. harbour, 

3. Separate from. M. Bruce. 
Sw. tUot, outwards; A.S. oth, versus; 

frequently used in composition. 
OoTWiTH, adv. 1. Abioadt S. Boss. 

2. Outwards. Barbour. 

OUZEL, OUSEL, a. The Sacrament of 
the Supper, Peebles. 

£. hotuel, A. S. AtM^, the sacrifice of 
the Mass ; IsL hud, oblatio. 
OWE, prep. Above. Barbour. 

A. S. ufa, Isl. of a, supra* 
To OWERWEIL, v. a. V. OuRwsnx. 
OWKLY, a4}. Weekly, & V. Oulk. 

To OWRE-HALE, v. a. To overlook. 
Sw« o^fkoerhaei-ja, to cover. 


OWRESKALIT,^arr./Ni. Oy t t spt taa L 
V. Skals. Dunbmr» 

OWREHIF, s. A blow with the hammer 
brought over the arm, S. O. Burm^ 
OWRIE, aty. Chill. V. Ooxxe. 
To OWRN, V. a. To adorn. WynHnm. 

Fr. om-^r, id. 
OWT, adj. Exterior. Wyntomu 

A.S. yte, exterus. 

OWTH, prep. Above, over. WytUomu 

OWTING,#. An expedition. Barbour. 

OXEE, OX.EYE, s. The Til-mousey 8. 

Comt^aynt Sm 

OX6ATE, OXENOATE, i. Ad ox. 

gang of Und. SSbne* 

From ox and gate, iter. 

OXPENNY, f. A tax in SMLSiai. Aec. 

OXTAR, OXTER, 1. 1. The armpit, S. 


S. Used in a looser sense for the ann, S. 

A.S. otkan, Teut ojid, id. 2>Mn£«n 

OZELLT, adj. Swarthy, resembling an 

oicie/i Loth. 

To PAAK, p. a. To beat. V. Paw. 

PAAL,«. Apost,S.B. 
A.&;mi/, Su.G.jNiaJ^. 

PAB, <. The refuse of flax, Loth. ;>o6, 
&B. Est. HigkL Soc. 

PACE,i. 1. The weight of a clock, S. 
2. Used metaphoriodty. BuUierford. 

PACK, <u(/. Intimate, S. Burnt. 

Su. G. padt-^, constringere. 

PACKALD, 9. A pack. Buiherford. 
Belg. pakkaadie, luggage. 

PACKHOUSE, s. A warehouse for re- 
ceiving goods, & Teut. packhuyt, id. 

PACKMAN, f. A pedlar, one who car- 
ries hispodb, S. 

PACT, s. To tpend ike pact, to waste 
one's substance ; to perish the pact, S. 
MaiUand Poems. 

PADDLE, f. The Lump fish, Orkn. 

PADDOCK-HAIR, t. 2. The down that 
covers unfledged birds, S. 

2. The down on the heads of diildrea 
bom without hair, S, 

Tent. padden-Jiayr, lanugo. 
PADD0CK.PlP£S,s.j9/. Marshhone. 
tail, & Liglktfoot. 

PADDOCK-RUDE, i. The spawn of 
frogs, S. also paddock-ride. BamMay. 
PADDOCK-STOOL, i. The Agaricos 
in genera] ; especially the varietiea of 
the Agaricus fimetarius, SL 
Teut. padden-UoH, fungus. 
PADE, a.\. A toad. Sir Gawau. 

2. Apparently a frog. Wsfntomu. 

A.S,pade, Germ. Be)g«/Muide» id. 
PADELL, t. ExpL «« a small leathern 
bag.* ' Bannatyne Poernu* 

Tent, buydd, bulga. 
geant. Jhmhar* 

PAFFLE, t. A small poasessioo in land, 
Perths. l8L^iai2/<s,aDgttlus, £tol.^cc. 


Pafflcs, *. One who occupiei a imall 

fium, Feribs. Siatiti. Ace. 

P AG £, «. A boy. Wyntovm. 

2b PAY, V. a. To Mtisfy. WaUace. 

Fr./Miy-tfr, Teut. payment id. 
Pay, f . SAtisfaction. Priettt PMis. 

Pat, t. Drubbing, S.payt. Barbour. 

C.B. puyot ▼erbero. 
PAT. Perb. region. GawanandGoL 

Fr. paUf id* 
PAID. f. I. A path, S.B. Boss. 

Alem. paid, vie. 
S. A steep eaoent. V. Pbzh. 
To PAIK. o. a. To beat, to drub, S.;Hiait, 
S. B. Germ, pauk-eih to beat. BaiUie. 
Pazk, Paick, «. A stroke ; in pi. paiki, a 
drubbing, & 

IsL pakf Su. G. pooit, fustis, baculus. 

Paixib, s. a piece of doubled skin, used 

for d^ndiDg the thighs from the stroke 

of the Fiauehtenpade, by those who cast 

turfs or dioots, Meams. 

PA IK, s. A trick. Leg. St Androis. 

A. & paec-an, dedpere. 
PAIKER, f. CStiilsayiNiiiker, a street- walk- 
er. Lyndsay. 

PAIKIE, t. A female street-walker, S. 
IsLpiaec(-«r, a vagabond; troU-packa, 
a witch. 
Paikjt-uks, a^j. Having the appearance 

PAILES, Lealaei Hist. V. Pau. 
PAILIN, FAILING, s. A fence made 

of stakes, S. «Lat pal^t, a stake. 
vilion. Barbour. 
Gael. Ir.paiUiun, Fr. pavilion. 
PAYMENT, f. Drubbing, & Barbour. 
PAINCHES»<.p2. Tripe, & V.PaNCHx. 
2V» PAYNE, FANE, v. n. To be at pains. 
Fr. sepeiih-er, to trouble one's self. 
PAYNE, a((;. Pagan. Fr.payeruDoug. 
PAYNTIT. L.;Niy/en<, patent 

Bannatyne P. 

PAIP, s. Thisdedown ? Montgomerie. 

Fr. pappe, id. ; or q. papingay, q. v. 

PAIP, s. A cherrystone picked dean, 

and used in a game of children, S. 

J^pipi Fr.jMpin, the seed of fruit 


roPAIE,t».o. V. Fare. 
PAIRTLES, a4;\Freefrom. ffenrytone* 
PAIS, s. pL Retribution. Bannatyne P. 
To FAI^ PASE, v.a. 1. To poise. 

2. To lift up. Chr, Kirk. 

Fr. pet-er, Ital, pet-are, to weigh. 
Paissks, t. pi. The weights of a clock, S. 

V. Paci. Z. Boyd. 


PASCH, s. Easter; pron. aspace, S.B. 

elsewhere as p^acf. Wyntotnu 

Moes.G. /Muc/io, A.S.|MMcAe, &c. id. 

Paschexwtk, t. The evening preceding 

Easter. Barbour, 

Pats-iggs, Eggs dyed of various colours, 

given to children to amuse themselves 

with at the time of Easter, S. 

VtLn.paatke-egg, colouredeggs; Belg. 
patch'eyercTi, ova paschalia. 
PATSYAn, «. A contemptuous term for a 
female who has nothing new to appear 
in at Easter ; originating from the cus- 
tom which prevails among Episcopali- 
ans, of having a new dress for this fes- 
tival, S.B. 

From Pays, and perh. yad, an old 
PAITHMENT,f.Thepastures. Wallace. 
O.Fr. padou-ir, L.B. padu-ire, to 
pasture ; whence |>ac/otten and paduent-^ 
urn, pasture. 
PAlTLATTIS,f./>/. Uncertain. DufiAar. 
PALAVER, i. Idle talk, S. 

Hisp. palabra, Fr. palabre, a word. 
To pALAvaa, v. n. To use a great many 

unnecessary words, S. 
To PALE, V. a. To make an indsion in 
a cheese, S. Bamtay, 

FlMadr. poel-en, excavare. 
Pale, f. The instrument used for trying 

the quality of a cheese, S. 
PAL YARD, s. A lecher, a rascal 

Fr. paillard, id. Lyndtay. 

Paltabdey, s. Whoredom. Douglat. 

PALL, PEAL, s. Any rich or fine doth. 

Gawan and GoL 

Id. pell, textum pretiosum; O.Fr. 

patle, sericum. 


J>ALLACH, PALLACK, i. 1. A por. 
poise, S. SibbcUd, 

2. A lusty person, S. B. Joum, Land* 

PALLALL. PALLALLS* j. A game of 
children, in which they bop on one foot 
through different triangular spaces chalk- 
ed out. driviiig a bit of slate or broken 
crokery before them, S. ; in £« Scotch^ 

PALL AT, PAL AP, t* The crown of the 
head, & Douglas. 

O.FV. palely aorte d'armurede tete; 

PALLET, <. A ball. ¥r,p€loUe,\di,BareL 

PALLET, i. A sheep's skin not dressed, 
S. B. £. peli, Su. G. palty a garment. 

FALM-SONDAY, «. The sixth Sabbath 
in Lent, S. Wyntounu 

A. S. palm gunnan daeg, 

PALM, PALME, j. The index of a clock 

or watch, S. Z. Boyd, 

Fr. iMiulme, or 'E.palmt used as hand, 

S. to denote the index of any time-piece. 

PALTRIE, ». Trash. V. Pxuau. 

PALWERK* 8. Spangled work. 

Fr. ftailie, id. Sir Gawtn. 

FAMPHIL, f. 1. A square inclosure 
made with stakes, Aberd. V. Pafflc. 
2. Any small house, ibid. 

To PAN, V. n. To correspond, to tally, to 
unite ; A. Bor. id. from pan, a cross- 
beam in the roof of a house, closing with 
the wall. MaUland P, 

FAN, f. A hard impenetrable crust be- 
low the soil, S. ; tiii, ratchel, synon. 

Statist. Ace. 
Teut panne, calva, q. the skull of the 

PAN ASH, s. A plume worn in the hat. 
Tr.iMxnache, id. Colvil. 

To meditate. Dunbar, 

O. Fr. pans-er, id. 

PANDi s. A pledge, Belg. Synon. wad, 

To PANDER, V. n. Conr. from Pawmsb, 
V. Ferths. 

PANDOOR, s. A large oyster, caught at 
the doori of the salt-pans, S. 

Statist, Ace* 


FANE, s, Stufl^ cloth. JTMofc 

A.S. pan, lacinia, pannus. 
PANE, «. Furr; Fr.^xKnne, id. 

5cr 2VisfmH, 
To FANE, r. n. V. Paths. 
PANFRAY, f. A palfrey. J^mr.Xomg. 

Yt.palefroi, id. 
To FANG, r.a. 1. To throng, S. Bums, 
fi. To pram, in general, S. Fer^is»v%, 
3. To cram with food to satiety, S. Bast, 
Teut. hangh'en, piremere. 
Pang, adj. Crammed. Eoerpten* 

PAN-KAIL, s. Broth made of coleworts 
hashed very small, thickened with • 
little oat-meal, S. 
PANNEL, s. One brought to the bar of 
a court for trial, S. Ertkint^ 

£. pand, a schedule, containing the 
names of a jury. 
PANS, s. pi. The timb«rtof a hoaie,'a« 
tending between the ewpies, parallel to 
the walls, S. 

Su.G. tak'pamiML, shingles ; jmou^ 
icandula, a lath, a diingle. 
P4NS, PANSE, covering for the knee. 
Acts Jo, L 
P ANST, part, pa. Cured. Montgomerii, 

.Fr. pansier, to apply medidnesi. 
PANTENER, o^;. Rascally. Barboar, 
O. Fr. pautonnier, a lewd, atubbon, 
or saucy knave, Cotgr. 
PANTOUN, s, A slipper. Duniat. 

PAP or THE H ASS, s. The uvula, S. 
PAPE, PA IP, *. The Pope. fFyntown, 

Fr. Germ, pope, Lat. pap-a^ id. 
GOE, <. I. A parroL King*s Q^air^ 

he\g.papegaai, Fr. papegi^ id. 
2. A wooden bird, resembling a parrot 
at which archers shoot as a mark. West 

5. Applied to the amusement itad^ 
ibid. Staiiti,Acc 

To PAPPLE, V. n. I. To bubble up Ukf 
)yatcr, S.B. V. Pofle- 
2. To be in a state of violent penpiia- 
tion, Lanerks. 

^. Denoting the effect of heat on any 
fat substfnce toasted before tb« fat, 


PAPPANT,«4f 1. Weidthy, Ang. 

S, Extremely cweful of one'a hnMb, 


8* Fetdsh from indulgence, &B« 
PAR, f. The Samlet, & SmoUet. 

3bPAR, V. Pau. rottoet?. 
PARAGE, «. lineage, FV, Dauglat. 
PARAGON, 1^ A ridi cloth imported 

fnim Torkey* WaUvii, 

FV. ygftm g ow die Venbtf id. 
PARAMUBDLE, t. The red tripe of 

cattle^ the atonaiam, aB. 
IV PARBREAK, v, n. To puke. 

V. Bkaik, v. and BaAsmo* Z» Boyd, 
T9 PARE, PAIR, PEYR, v. a. To im- 
pair. Daugias, 
fV. pire,p^feurf worw; Lat. /m^. 

plelelj equal. Dougiat, 

Fh jMr, used as a supert. and egalt 

To PA RIFT, V, a. To compare. 

Lat* /Mr andJEo. Wyntown, 

7h PARI FY, v.a. To protect. Wytdowtu 

hasty pudding, 9. Bums. 

To PARK, V. n. To perch. Dmtffat. 

rTm ptTCn^CTf Id. 

PARK, 1. A wood ; 8% mjirparkf S. 
A. S. peturoct Su. G. park, an indo- 

PARK, J. A pole, a perch. Ihugfoi* 

Fr. perche, id. 
PARLE, f. Speech, S.O. Bum$* 

Ft, porter, id. 
PARLOUR, <. Discourse. PuU JSTeti. 

Fr. parleure, id. 
PAROCHIN, f. Parish, S, JcUJd. VI. 

jAitm paroeeiaf id. 

PAmocRiVKa, I. A parishioner. Act$Ja» VI, 

PARPANE, PERPEN, «. A wiOl ia 

general, or a partition. Henryume. 

O.Vr, parpaigne, a stone whidi tra- 

Terses thewalL 

PARROK, $. A small indosure, Dumfr. 

A.S. pearroc, septum, clatbrum. 

PARROT-COAL, s. A qiecies of coal 

that burns very dearly, S. Staiisi. Ace. 

PARSEMENTIS, t,pi, Perh. for /Mr//- 

menh^ coBpartmenti. J^9ngUu. 


PARSENERE, *. A partner. JVytUaum, 

Fr. parsownier, id. 
PARTAN,!. Common sea crab, S. Gael. 
Quf^^lat/nt S. 
To PARTY, V. a. To take part with. 

PARTY, «. Part, degree. Barbour. 

Fr.parHe, id. 
PARTY, PARTIE, a. An opponeac. 

Ft. parti, id. Douglai. 

PARTY, PARTIE, w^ Variegated. 

P ARTIC ATE, #. A rood of land. 

L.B. pariicata, id. Statist. Ace. 

PARTY^ENT, s. DiTision. DougUu. 

Pr. partiment, a parting. 
P ARTISM AN, s. A partaker. Muddiman. 
PARTLES, atf;. Having no part Wynt. 
TREK, s. A partridge, & Douglas. 
Ft, perdrig, id. 
FARURE, s. Ornament, Fr. Wyniinvn. 
PAS, PASE, s. Easter. V. Pats. 
PAS, s. 1. Division of a book. fVyntowu 
2. A single passage. Crosragucl. 

tmB^ jmss^us, locus. 
3n» PASE, v.a To poise. V. Pais. 
PASH, s. The head, a ludicreus term, S. 

PASMENTa A pL I. Strips of lace or 
silk sewed on dothes. 
2. Now used to denote livery; pron. 
pessmenti, S. B. Ads Ja. VI. 

5. External decorations of religion. 

Teut Fr, passemeni, lace. 
To Pasmevt, V, a. To deck with lacew 

Z. Boyd. 

PASSINGEOURE, s. A passage boat. 


O.Fr. passageur, L.B. passagerius, a 


3b PASSIVERE, V. a. To exceed, W. 

PAS TANCE, s. Pastime. PaL Bon. 

Fr. patsetemps, id. 
FASUOLAN, s. A smaU spedesof aitil- 
lery ; Fr. passevolant. Complaynt S. 
PAT. prct. of the «. Piiv. Buret, 

PATH,#. V.PiXH. 


PATHIT, port. pa. Pa^ed. Zhuffau 

Teat, pad, semita, ^ trita. 
PATIENT OF DEATH, $. A throe. 

Perhaps corr. from pasrion^ suffering. 

Tq PATIFIE, v. a. To manifeat, Lat. 

patefio, Bruce. 

PATRELL, f. 1. Defence for the neck 

of a war>horse ; Fr. poitraL Douglas. 

SL The breast-leather of a horse, S. 

PATRON, f. A pattern. Ft, WaUace. 
To PATTER, p. a. To repeat in a mut- 
tering way without interruption, S. 

Arm. pater-en, to repeat the liOrd's 
pATTxaAB, a. One who repeats prayers. 


Pathkino, t. Vain repetition. Lyndsay, 

PATTLE, PETTLE, t, A sUck with 

which the ploughman clears away the 

earth that adheres to the plough, S. 

B, paddle, CB. paUal. Bums. 

To PAUCE, V. n. To prance with rage, 

SbB. Fr.past E.pace, 
PAUCHTIE, a4j, 1. Haughty, S. 

Maiiland Poems. 

S. Petulant, malapert, S. Bamsay. 

Belg. pochg-en, to vaunt. 

PAVEN, PAUUAN, s. A gnve Spanish 

dance, in which the dancers tamed 

round one after another, as peacocks 

do with their tails. Lyndsay, 

" VT.pavane, id., from;iaofi, a peacock. 

PA VIE, PAW, s. 1. Lively motion of 

whatever kind, S. 

2. The agile exertions of a rope-dancer. 


5. A fantastic air, S. Cldand. 

4. Transferred to rage^ S. 
Fr. pas vif, a quick step. 

PAUIS, FA VIS, s. 1. A huge shield. 
X* B. pavas'ium^ id. Douglas. 

5. A testudo, used in sieges. Douglas, 
Fr. pavois, id. 

PAUK, s. Art, a wile, & Douglas. 

Padkt, Pawkt, adij. 1. Sly, artful, & 

A.S. paec-cfh dccipere, mentiri ; 
poeca, deceptor. 


2. Wanton, applied to the cye^ Aa^ 
To PAUT, V. n. To paw, S. CUIamd. 
Paut, s. a stroke on the ground widitbe 

foot, & JTcff^. 

Teut. pad, patte, the paw of a beaat. 
PAW, f. Quick motion. V. Pavb. 
FA WISk s, pL Parts in music; 

Bawwtyne Boems^ 
PAWN, s. A narrow curudn fixed to the 

roof, or to the lower part of a bed, S. 
Belg. pand, a lappit, a skirf. 

peacock. MaiUimd Poemt, 

Fr. paotif Lat. paw, onis. 
PAWNS, s. pi. The same with Pahs, q. 

V. Ang. 
PAWMER, s. A pahn tree; ¥r. pal^ 

mier. WaMace. 

PA WMER, s. One who goea liram place 

to place^ making a shabby appeBrBiic% 

S. From Palmer, a pilgrim. 
To Pawmxx, v. n. To go from place to 

place in an idle way, S. 
PAWMIE, PANDIE, s. A slrake oa 

the hand with the ferula, & 

Fr. paumie, a stroke or blow with 

the hand ; Cotgr. 
To PEAK, PEEK, 0.11. 1. Tospcakwitfa 

a small voice, S. 

2. To complain of poverty, S. 

IsL puk-ra, susurrare ; puk^t nmB- 

PEAK, s. a triangular piece of linen, 
tunding the hair below a child*s cap or 
woman's toy, Ang. 
PEARIE, s. 1. Apegtop, S. asreaemfaling 
a /Tear. 

S. A Frendi pearie, a humming-top^ & 

PEARLIN, PEARLING, s. A species 

of thread lace, S. Acts Ja» YJ. 

PEAT-MOW, f. The dross of peats, && 

Journal Lomd. 

Su. G. mo, terra sabulosa. 

PEATSTANE, s. The comer stone aft 

the top of the wall of a house, SL 
PECE, f. A vessel for holding liquids. 

Fr. piece, id. Dvu^as^ 

To PECH, PEACH, (gutt) o. n. To 
puff, to pant, S. Ratmmjf. 

Sw. pick^ Dan. pikk»er, to pant. 


FscB, f. The act of breathing hard. 

X. Seotiand. 
PECH AN, «. The atoroacfa, Ayn. Bwnu 
PECHLE, I. (gutt) A budget earned 
dandestioely, Loth. 

Su. G. padtat iarcina* Genn. paeck* 
Uut fasdculus. 
PEDDIR, PEDDER, «. A pedUr. 

Jj, B. pedar'nu, nudls ambuhuis pe- 
To FEEL, PEIL, v» a. To equal, to 
match. Loth, & O. 

Teut. peyl^n, to measure. 
Puiv PaiL, #. A match* Loth. S.O. 

PEEL, «. A pool, &B. Ron, 

PEEL, t, A pbu» of strength. V. Pzu. 
PEELIE, 04/. Thin, meagre, S. 

Fr. jpcf^, q. peeled; or C.B. pOtddt 
weak, sickly* 
To PEENGE, PINGE, v. n. 1. To com- 
plain, to whine, S. FUmyng, 

S. To pretend porertj, & 
Teut. pynigh^en, affligere. 
To PEEP, V. n. To pule. V. Pane, s. 
To PEER, Ob o. To equal, S. Burnt. 

FV. paiTt a match. 
PEERIE, ad^. Small, Ork. ShetL Fife, 

PuaiswiaRn^ «{;. Very small, Orkn. 
wing, S. Statist. Ace. 

From the sound; or allied to Sw. 
to^pd, id. 
To PEG off, or oioay, o. n. To go off 

quickly, Loth. Dumfr. 
PEG, s. A stroke, liOth. Dumfr. 

1st piack-a^ frequenter pungo. 
PEGIL, f. The dirty work of a houses 

Ang. Isl. pijke, puella. 

PEIL, t. A place of strength. V. Pklx. 
To PEILE, PELE, v. a. To packe or 
peOeph. AeU Ja, V. 

Either to pile, or to pair. V. Pan. 
PEILD, a4;. Bald. Fr. peU, id. GL Sibb. 
PEILOUR, $. A thief. V. PaLOca. 
To PEYNE, V. a. To foige. V. PkKi. 


To PEYR, e^ 0. To impair. V. PAac 
PEIRS, a4f. SkyH»loured. JDoug&Ub 

O. Fr. pert, perte, caesius, glaucus. 
To PEIS, PEISS, PESE.o.a. To silence. 
O.'Fr^Jbire pait, faire silence; from 
Latpor; Roquefort 
PE YSIE-WHIN, f. The £. Greenstone^ 
Aug., peatte^whin. Loth. ; from the re- 
semblance of the spots in it topeate. 
PAILE, t. A place of strength, a for- 
tification, properly of earth. Barbour. 
L. B. peta, pdum, id.; A. S. pU, mo- 
les, acenrus. 
PELL, «. A laay, lumpish person, S.B. 

PELL ACK, FELLOCK, t. A porpoise. 
Gael, pelog, id. Brand. 

PELLOCK, t. A bullet Gawanand Got. 

Fr, pelotes C.B. pel, i± 
PELLOTIS, f. pL Leg. St Androis. 

O.Fr. pelele, petite peau; Roquef. 
PELLOUR, PEILOUR, t. A thief. 

PiUour, O.E. Vr.ptUeur, a ravager. 
PELT, r. A term of reproach ; Foul pettj 
q. foul tkin. Watton. 

PELTIN-POCK, t. A pock or bag for 
guarding the thighs from the ttroke gi- 
ven by ^ejlauchter^spade, Ang. 
PELTRY, PALTRIE, *. Vile trash, S. 
Godly Songt. 
Su. G. paltor, old rags, Teut palt, a 
fragment ; or pelt, a skin. 
PELURE, PILLOUR, t. Costly fur. 
Wyntown*, peau; Roquef. 
PENCH, PENCHE, 1. 1. Belly. Semple. 
2. Benches, pL the common name for 
tripe, S. 
PEND, <. 1. An arch, S. Minstr.Bord. 
2. The arch of heaven. Chron. S. P. 
Lat pend-eres Fr. pend-re. 
PENDE, t, A pendant Douglat. 

PEND ICE ef a buckle, that which re- 
ceives the one latchet, before the shoe be 
straitened by means pf the other, S. 
PxMOLi, t. The same. Buddtman. 

Fr. pendUU, that which hangs. 



/PENDICLE,!. A pendant. 
L. B. pendidumt id» 

PENDICLE, «. 1. A BinaU piece of 
ground, SL StoL Acc4 

. S. A church dependant on another. 

luB, pendicularis, CMpeUa, Stai.Aec, 

PxunxcLXR, #. An inferior tenant, S. 


v. a. To forge. Douglas, 

Su.G. paen-Cf to extend, IsL id. to 
strike with a hammer. 

P£NHEAD,9. The upper part of a mO^- 
Uady where the water is carried off from 
the dam to the mill, S. Lew Case, 

A.&/enK-an, tncludere. 

PENKLE, s, A rag or fragment, Perths. 
Lat pantdcul'US, id. 

To PENNY, V, n. To fare, S.B. Boss. 

DING, t. A wedding at which the 
guests contribute moiMyfor their enter- 
tainment, S. AcUAstemhly, 

PENNY- DOG, «. A dog that consUntly 
IbUow:^ his master, S. Watsoji. 

PENNY-MAILL, s. L Bent paid in mo- 
ney. AcUja. VL 

S. A small sutn paid to a proprietor of 
land, as an acknowledgment of superior 
rity. V. MAtL. MaiOand P. 

A flat stone used as a quoit. To play at 
the pennyslane, to play with quoits of 
this kind, S. Pennant. 

Apennystam cast, the distance to which 
a stone-quoit may be thrown. Barbottr* 

PENNYWHEEP, s. Small beer, Aberd. 
V. Whip. GL Shhr, 

PENNY-WIDDIE, f. V. Pur^Bi- 


PENNON, «. A small banner. JBaHour, 

O.Fr. id. Alem.yaiion, Yexillum. 
PENSEIL, PINSEL, #. A small stream- 
er, borne in battle. Barbour, 
O. Fr. penoncel, peneel, a flag. 
PENSY, PENSIE, atfj. 1. Having a 
mixture of self-conceit and afiectation 
in one's appearance, & Samsay, 
2. Spruce, S.B. Popular £aa, 
Fn pemiff thinking o& 


i'zirsrua, ado. In a selAimportaiit wmm 
ner, S. Ramsay, 

middle part of Scotland, espedally Lo- 
thian. BeUemdesu 
Corr. from PiehUand, or PeUamL 
To PENTY, tf. a. To fillip, a Samaay, 
Fr. pointer, blesaer, porter dcs eoopea ; 
Diet Trev. 
Pkmrr, PamiB, «. A lUUp, SL 
PEPE, PEEP, s. 1. Thechirpof a biid, 
S. King's Quair, 
To play peep, to mutter, 8. 
2. The act of speaking with a shrill 
small Toice, S. Dom^lau 
Teut. piep-en, Su. G. pip^, &c id. 
PEPPER-DULSE, i. Jigged fvcoi, S. 
V. DuLSB. LightfoQt. 
To PEPPIN, o. o. To cocker, Banfik 
petde, synon. V. Pappamt. 
O. Fr.popine, a puppet. 
To PER, V, n. To appear. IToAiee; 

O.Fr. peT'CTt id. 
PERANTEH, adw, Flnradveiitiire. 

To PERBREK, v, a. To shatter. Doug. 

Formed like Lat. perfractus* 
<. Confitior, proviso, S.B. Jioss. 

Fr. jMir, by, and eonvine, i 
PERCUDO, s. Some kind of ] 

stone. Bwtk 

PERDE^, adv. Verily. Doss^las. 

FV. patdieUf per Deum. 
PERDEWS, s. pL The forlorn hope* 

¥r.enfiauperfhu,i^ MelvtTsMem. 
PERDURABIL, Mhf. Lasting. Fr. 

To PERE, 0. a. To pour, &B. Dbs^giss. 
PERFAY, adv. Verily. J>omgias. 

Fr. parjby, Lat. perfdem. 
PERFITE, off^ 1. Pttilect. Pal. rf Mam. 
9. Applied to one who is exact in doing 
any work, S. 
PjEarrruB, adv. Perfectly. Lyndg^^ 

Pxapmiixss, i. Exactness, S. Bamtay. 
V. a. To accomplish. J)9ugfa»» 

Fr. paifoum'ir, id. 
PERJINKi a</. 1, Pmm. 


2. Trim, lo as to apper finical, & 
Qu. paijoinct ; Ft. par tmdjoinct* 
PERLASY, s. The palsy. JT. Sort. 

Fr. paralytic, id. 
FERLIE, s. The little finger, Loth. q. 

peerie, litlte, and lUht joint 
PERMUSTED, par/. <!((/. Scented. 

V. MutsT. WatiOfu 

PERNICKITIE, ac{;. 1. Precise in 
trifles, S. 

2. Very trim in dress, S. 
Fr. par, and nifttet a trifle. 
PERONAL, «. A girL MaiOand P. 

O.Fr. pemmneUe' 

PERPEN, $, A partition. V. Parfakk. 


QUIRE, adv. 1. Exactly, S. BaHtour. 

2. Separate as to place. BaUlie» 

Fr. par coeur ; or jterquair, L e. by book. 

PaRQUEiB, Pkbqcjibb, ai(;. Accurate, S.B. 

Pocnu Buck. DiaL 

PERRAKIT, i. A sagacious, talkative^ 

or actire child, Fife; q. ^parroquet. 
PERRE, <. Precious stones, O.Fr. 

Sir Gausm. 
PERSUITTIE, a(y. Precise, prim, S. 

O.E. pergitted, tricked up. 
PEIISIL, t. Parsley, an herb, S. Fr. 
PERTRIK, f. V. PAaiaiK. 
To PERTROUBIL, v. a. To »ex very 
much ; Fr. partraubler, Douglau 

Pertbdblancs, a. Great rexation. Doug. 
gorget ; of uncertain origin. Actt Ja, I. 
PESS, <. Easter. V. Pays. Lyndtay. 
PESS. V. The. 

PESSMENTS, «. pi, V. Pasmkkts. 
To PET, FETTLE, v. o. To fondle, to 
treat as apeX, S. Z. Boyd. 

PETE-POT, J. A hole from which ;«?a*j 
have been dug, S. Wyntoum. 

Teut. put, lacuna. 
PETER'S STAFF (Sr.)i Orion's sword, 
a constellation. Ruddiman, 

PETH, 8. A steep and narrow way, S. 

A.S. pactk, scmita, callis. Barbour. 

PETTAIL, PITTALL» #. Rabble at- 

tending an army. Barbour. 

Fr. pitnud, a clown ; pictaille, infan- 



PETTLE. t. V. Patw.!. 

Mean, dastardly. Dou^Uxa* 

Peuaoklt, adv. Carelessly. Douglas. 

PEW, «. The plaintive cry of birds. 

He eanna play pew, he is unfit for any 
thing, S. Ramsay. 

To Paw, Piu, V. n. 1. To emit a mourn- 
ful sound, applied to birds. Compl. S» 

O.Fr. piaul-er^ id. 
2. To peep or mutter. Lyndsay* 

PEWTENE, s. Trull. PhUotus. 

Fr. putain, Isl. jmta, soortum. 

PHARIS, s. Pharaoh's. Godly Sangs. 

PHILIBEG, s. V. Fiuno. 

PHINOC, s. A species of grey trout. V. 
FxiTHACc. Fennani, 

PHIOLL, s. V. FvEtt. 

PITHONES, s. A Pythoness, a witch. 

To PHRASE, PRAISE, v. a. To talk 
of with boasting. Rutherford* 

Phbaskb, <. 1. A braggart, braggadocio. 
Bp. Galloway* 
S. A wheedling person, S. 

To Phraisc, v. n. To use wheedling lan- 
guage, S. 

Pheaiss, Fbaisb, s. To mak a pkraisit 

1. To pretend interest in another, S. 

Sir J. Sinclair* 

2. To use flattery, S. R. Galloway. 
5. Falsely to pretend to do a thing, to 
exhibit an appearance without real de^ 
sign, S. Baillie* 

4. To make great shew of reluctance* 
when one is really inclined, S. Rosu 

5. To talk more of a matter than it de- 
senres, S. Ramsay. 

6. To make much ado about a slight 
ailment, S. 

PYAT, PYOT, f. The magpie, 8. 

Gael, pighaidi, C.B. pioden, id. 
PIBROCH, s. A Highland air, suited to 
the particular passion which the musi* 
cian would either excite or assuage ; ge- 
nerally applied to martial music, S. 

Minstrelsy Border. 
Gat^. jnobatreaekdt the pipe music 


^ICHT, PYCHT, PIGHT, pari. pa. L 
Pitched, setded. Sir Gawan. 

f . Thmsfcrred to a penon. 

Poena IStk Ceniury. 
5. Studded. Vonglat. 

Ital. appicciart castra metari. 

PICHT, $. Pith, foree. Wattace., A,S,piiha, id. 

To PICK, v. a. To pitch at a mark, S.B. 

PICK, J. The choice, & £. pick, to cuU. 

PICKEN, atff. Puogent, S. 

6u. G. pikandet Fr. piquant, id. 

PICKEREL, t. The dunlin. SibbaU. 


PICKIE^MAN, f. A miller's senrant, 
from his work of keeping the mill in or- 
der, S.B. V. Pit,©. 

PICKLE, PDCKLE, i. 1. A grain of 
corn, S. jfbp. Hamiitoun. 

a. A single seed, S. Z. BoytL 

3. Anj minute partide, & Jtuthqrford. 

4. A small qoantitj, & Most. 

5. A few, S. ; Su. G. pik, grain when 
it l)egins to germinate. P. Such. DiaL 

PI-COW, Pi-oz, f. The game oi Hide 

and Seelc, Ang* 
PICTARNIE, t. The great tem» & 

6w. tama, Dan. taeme. Pennant. 
PIEGE, t. A trap, a snare, Perths. ; puge, 

Bolder ; Fr. piege, id. 
PIE-HOLE, J. An eye-hole, & 

Dan. jng, jtyg, a point. 
PIEL, f. An iron wedge for boring stones* 

S.B. A.S.;>i/, stylus. 
PIER, s. A quay or wharf, S. 

Sir J. SincUUr. 
PIETE', PIETIE, t. Pity. Douglat. 
PIG. PYG, s. 1. An earthen vessel, & 

2. A potsherd, & 
GutiLjHgadhf pigitt* an earthen pitcher. 
Pio-MAK, s. A teller of crokery. ColviL 
Pio-wirs, A woman who sells crokery, S. 
PIGGIES^ t. pi. Iron rods from which 
itreamen are hung. Douglat. 

SutQ. pigg, stimulus, stilus. 
PIGGIN, f. A small wooden or earthen 
▼ossel; Dumfr. V. Pio. Damdton. 
PIGHT, pret* Pierced, thrust 
Gem.|PiciMii»puiig«re. SirTriitrenu 


PYGRAL, a4/. V. PKoiiAi.t. 
PIGTAIL, s. Twisted tobacco, S., i 

bling the tail of a pig. 

To PIK, V. a. To strike lightly with any 

thing sharp-pointed, S. BuddimanU 

Su.G,;iicArws, minutis iciibus tundere. 

Pix, Ptk, j. a light stroke with what is 

sharp-pointed, S. DougUu., 

PIK, PYK, PICK, s. Pitch, S. BaHtour. 

A. S. pic, Belg. pieke, id. 
PIKARY, PICKERY, t. 1. Rapine. 

2. Pilfering, & Ertkme. 

¥r, jtieor-ie, plundering; pieor^er, to 
To PIKE, 9. a. To select Dougtat. 

To PIKE, t». a. To sail close by. Doug. 
Su. G. pek^a, to point towards the land. 
PYKIS, <. ;i^ 1. Prickles. Dunbar. 

Su. G. pigg, stimulus. 
9. Short %rithered heath. Gl. Shirr, 
PIKKY, aty. Pitchy. Douglat. 

PIK KIT, jtart. pa. CoTered with pitch. 
Teut pick-en, Lat pic-are, Dou^taU 
PIKLAND, part, pr. Picking up. 

From pick, or Teut pickd-en, scal- 
PIK-MIRK, a4j. Dark as pitch, S. corr. 
pit-mirk. Aratstiy. 

PYK-MAW, PICK-MAW, t. A kind 
of gull. Houlate. 

PILCH, s. ]. A gown made of skin. 

A.S.;j|y2cctf, toga pellicea. Dou^laC 
2. A tough skinny piece of meat, & 
5. Any thing short and gross, S. 
Pilch, adj. lliiek, gross, S. 
PILE, PYLE, I. 1. In pi. the soft hair, 
which first appears on tlie faces of young 
men* Douglas. 

St. A tender blade, S. Douglat. 

5. A single grain> S. Gi. Shirr. 

Teut/iy/, Fr. ftoil, Lat/nZ-tu, a hair. 
PYLE, t. A small javelin ; or an arrow 
for a cross-bow. Stat. WHl. 

Su.G. pit, Lat< ptf-vm, a javelin. 
PYLE FAT, s. L. gyUfat, q. v. Lyndtay. 
PILGET, PILGIE, «. A broil, S.B. 
Poemt Buck. Diei. 
Belg. belgh-en, to combat 


riLGREN, PYLGRTNEii i. A pil- 
griin, ¥r,pdegrin, BureL 

7V» PILK, V, a. 1. To take <mt of a husk 
or aheli» aB. 
S. To pilfer, S.B. 

£. pluck, or TeuL pioek'-en, id. 

PILL AN, f. A species of sea-crab, Fife. 


PILLOUR, $. V. Pbloki. 

PILLOW, f. A tumultuous noise^ S.B* 


PILTOCK, f. The coal flsb, a year old, 

PIN, s. Summit Xhtniar* 

TeuU pmne, GencLjtfin, summitas. 
PINALDSk t* A spinet ; Fr. e^net, 

MeUvUVs MS. 
PINCH, PUNCH, «. An iron lever, S. 

Fland.|»iu<e, Fr. pince, id. 
To PTNE, V. a. To suljcct to pain, & 

Isl. jiyw-o, A. S. /njian, torquere. WalL 
Prvi, f. 1. Pain, S. WyfUowtu 

2. Labour, painsi Dougjtau 

A. & pin, Teut pjfnet cniciatua. 
PYNE DOUBLET, a concealed coat of 

mail. Su. G. pin-o, coaictare. CromerUf* 
PINERISi PTNORia; #./»!. Pioneers. 

To PINGE. V. Pteroa. 

To PINGIL, PINGLE, l.v. n. To stme, 
to labour awduouslj witbont making 
much progress, & Douglas. 

, 2, To vie with. Dougfai. 

ff. To toil for a scanty sustenance. 


4. V. a. To reduce to straits. Douglas, 
Su. 6. pyng, labour, anxiety. 

PiKQXL, PiMou, «. 1. A strife, S. Ramsay. 
2. Difficulty, S. Journal Land. 

5. HcdUtion. Mamsay. 
PiHGUMo, s. Difficulty, S. Piiscoltie. 
PINYIONE, «. A handful of armed men. 

Mts Marie. 

To PINK, V. n. To contract the eye, to 

glimmer, S. 

Teut pinek-ooghen, oculos contrahera. 

Pixxo, 04;. AppUed to the eye, when 

small, or contracted, S. Ramsay. 

T9 PINK, V. n. To trickle, to drop^ aB. 



PINKIE, f. Hie little finger, Lotib. 
Belg. pink, digitus minimus. 

PINKIE, s. The weakest kind of tabla 
beer, & 

PINKIe, s. The smallest candle that is 
made, & 

O.Teut pincket cubicularis lucema 

PINNER, s. 1. A female head-dress, ha. 
ving lappets pinned to the temples reaoh- 
ing down to the breast, and fastened 
there. Ramsay. 

S. A JleHng pinner, such a head-dreai, 
having the ends of the lappets hanging 
loose, Ang. 

O.Fr. pignoir seems to be synon* 

PINNER-PIG, J. V. Puna-pio, 

PINNING, s. A smaU stone for fiUing a 
crevice in a wall, & Statist. Ace. 

Q. employed as SLpin. 

PINSBL, f. A streamer. V. PaysxL. 

PIN-THE-WIDDIE, i. A small dried 
haddock not tplift^ Aberd. corruptly pm- 

PINTILL-FISH, i. The Pipe-fish; or 
the Launce. Monroe. 

PYOT, f. A magpie. V. Ptat, 

PIPEa To tuneone^spqfes, to cry, a 

To P YRL> V. n. To prick. Wallace. 

Stt.G. pryl, a long needle, pryl-a, 
stylo pungere. 

To PIRL, v.n. To whiri, S. A. V. Biatg. 

PIRL-GRASS, s. Creeping wheat-graasb 
S. Stat. Ace. 

cular earthen vessel, which has no open* 
ing save a slit at the top, no larger than 
to receive a halfpenny; used by chil- 
dren for keeping their money, aB. 
2Ynn«r-pfg, aO. 

Perh. q. birUe-pig, from A. S. Hrl-'kas, 
to drink ; as forming a common stock. 
Pinner may be allied to Teut penne^ 
waere, mftx ; Dan. penger, money. 

PIRN, f. 1. A quill, orreed, a Stat.Aee» 
2. Tbe yam wound on a reed, a 

a To wind one a pump to make a per- 
son repent hit conduct Ramsay. 
T 9 


4. To redd a raveWd pirn, to clear op 
somethiog difficult, or to get free of 
some entaoglement, S. Shirreft, 

Isl./>rioii-ai to weave. 
FiKK, J. The wheel of a fishing-rod, S. 

Sir J, Sinclair • 

PiaKYT, Ptkuit, part, pa. Striped with 

different colours. Dau^as, 

PiRNxs, a<y. Having unequal threads, or 

different colours, S. Cleland. 

Isl. prion, lanifidum, textile. 

PIRR, «. A gentle breeze, S. 

IsL 6yr, 6tr, ventus secundus. 
PIRRI£U0UD£N,a4;. Fond, doatiog^ 

PIRZIE, a4j. Conceited, Loth. 

Fr. jmrsotf, by one's self. 
PYSAN, s. A gorget V. PaiAKX. 
PISMIRE, s, A tteeljrard, Orkn. V. 
BisMAR. Brand, 

PISSANCE, t. Power. Douglas. 

Fr. puissance, id. 
PisSAMT, adj. Powerful Dwglau 

Fr» puissant, id. 
PIT AND GALLOWS, a privHege con- 
ferred on a baron, according to out old 
laws, of having on his ground a pit for 
drowning women, and gallows far hang- 
ing men, convicted of theft BeUenden, 
Teut Put ende Galgke, 
PITTAL, *. Rabble. V. Pwtail. 
PYTANE, J. A young child ; a term of 
endearment, S. 

Fr. petit un, my little one ; orpeton, 
a fondling term used by nurses in Fr. 
To PITY, V. n. To regret Baillie. 

Pitiful, a<(/. To be regretted, S. Id. 

PITTIL,i. Some kind of fowl. Ifovlate. 
To PITTER-PATTER, v. n. 1. To re- 
peat prayers after the Romish manner. 
2. To make a clattering noise by incon- 
stant motion of the feet, S. V. Patter. 
Z. HaUes. 
PLAC AD, PLACKET, s. A placard, S. 
Teut plaekaet, decrctum, f\romplack' 
en, to fix. 
PLACE, i. 1. The mansion-house on an 
«state, S. Spalding. 


3. A castk, a strong hold. Xeitk^ 

Fr. place, a castle. 
PLACEBOE, s. A parasite. Xnox^ 

IaU placebo, I will please ; still used 
In France. 
PLACK, FLAK, 1. 1. A biUon coin. 

2. A small copper coin, formerly cur- 
rent in S., equal to the third part of an 
English penny. Morysone, 

Fr. jilaque, Teut plaeke, L. B. placa g 
a small coin of varioua value according 
to the country. 
Placklkss, o4;. Moneylev, S. 
PLAGE, s. Quarter, point PtU.ffom 

laUplag-a, id. 
PLAID, «. Plea. V. Pudx. 
PLAID, f. An outer loose weed of stri- 
ped and variegated cloth, worn by the 
Highlanders, S. Pennani. 

Gae\.plaide, id. ; Teut plot, what it 
plain and broad. 
woollen cloth, that Is tweeled, S. St. Jcc 
From jMd ; or C.B. pleth-u, to 
FAIR, #. I. A playfellow. Lyndsay. 
Fromj)lay, andy^, a companion, q.T. 
2. Improperly, a toy, S. JFVi^iuoit. 

PLAIK, s. A plaid, Ang. 

Su.G. Jt\,plagg, vestimentum. 
PLAYN, PLAYNE. In playne, 1. 
Clearly. WaUace, 

2. Out of hand ; like Fr. de plain. IhitL 
To PLAINYIE, o. n. To complain. 

Fr. plaindre, id. PUseottie. 

PLAINSTANES, s. pL 1. The pave- 
ment, S. 

2. The exchange, as being paved, S. 
To PLAINT, PLENT, v. «. To com- 
plain of, S. JTffor. 
PLAYOKIS, Playthings, S.O. 

PLAITINGS, «. p^. Pieces of iron which 

go below the plough-share. Fife. 
PLANE, adj. Full, consisting of its dif- 
ferent constituent branches ; applied to 
parliament jfcts Ja. II. 

Fr. plane, plcinc court, id. 


PLANE-TREE, s. The maple* S. 

2b PJLASH, V. n, 1. To make a noUe by 
dashing water, S. lYeetAr, S.B. 

2. To splash, & 

3. Applied to any thing, which, from 
being thoroughly drenched, emits the 
noise occasioned by the agitation of wm 
ter, S. 

Su.G. piatk'O, aqoam cum sonitb 
PLASH ofraith a heavy fall of nin, S. 

Belg. plasngen, praeceps imber. 
PLASM ATOB^f. Maker; Gr. 

PLASTROUN, s. Perhaps, a harp. 

Gr. arximr^v, the instrument with 
which the strings of an harp are struck. 
To PLAT, PLET, v. a. To plait 


PLAT, ttt{j. 1. Flat, lerel. Douglas, 

Qm Low, opposed to heiche, liaUland P. 

3. Close, near. Douglas, 

Su.G. platt, Teut plat, planus. 

Plat, tuiv. Flatly. Douglas, 

PLAT, PLATT, j. A plan. Douglas. 

Teut platf ezempUn:. 
PLAT, PLATT, PLATE, *. 1. A dash. 
S. A blow with the fist Lyndsay, 

. A,S, plaett-ast cuEs, h\ow9. 
To PLAT UP, V, a. To erect JBaiUie, 
PLATFUTE, s. A term of reproach; ap- 
plied to a plamsoled person, and thence 
ludicrously to some dance. Lyndsay, 
Teut plat-voet, planipes. 
bate. Wyntopm, 

2. A quarrel, a broiL Chr, Kirk. 

3. Care, sorrow. Dunbar, 
Belg. jfleyte, lis, Tr.jttaid, 

To Plkoe, Plkib, v. n. To contend. Doug. 

To PLEDGE, V. o. To invite to drink, 
by promising to take the cup after ano- 
ther, S. ; a vestige of the ancient cus- 
tom of one drawing his dagger, as a to- 
ken that he pledgtd his life for that of 
another, while he was drinking. 


To PLEESK, V. n, V. Plash. 
PLET, PLE YE, s, I. A debate, S. 

Poems JBuchan Dial, 
S. An action at law, whether criminal 
or civil, S. Reg. Mqj, 

A,S.pleo, pleohy danger, debate. 
To Plkt, V. n. To answer in a court. 

Burr. Lowes, 
PLEINYEOUR, s. A complalner. 

Acts Jo, II. 
To PLENYE, V. n. V. Plaihyib. 
To PLENYS, PLENISH, v. a. 1. To 
Aimisfa a house ; to stock a farm, S. 
S. To supply with inhabitants. WaUace, 
Plemnxsszng, Plbnisiko, s. Household 
furniture. Burr. Lawes. R, Bruce, 

To PLENT, V. n, V. Plaiht. 
PLENTEOUS, adj. Complaining. 

Bar. Courts. 

PLEP, s. Any thing weak or feeble, S.B. 

Plkppit, adj. Not stiff; creased. Ajylep- 

pit dudt a garment become quite flaccid 

by wearing or tossing, Ang. 

Perh. q. fiappit, £. flapped ; or from 
Js\,jlap'r, aura inconstans. 
PLESANCE, s. Pleasure. Fr. IT. Quair, 
To PLET, V. a. To reprehend. Douglas, 

Teut pleyt-erii litigare. 
PLEVAR, 8. A plover. ffouiate, 

PLEUCH, PLEUGH, s. I, A plough, 
S» Douglas, 

A. S. Su. G. phg, Alcm. pluog. 
S. That constellation called Ursa Major ; 
supposed to resemble a plough, S. 

Plxuch-oakg, Plodoh-gahg, s. As much 
land as can be properly tilled by one 
plough; also, Rjtleuch of land, S. 

Stat. Ace, 
Plbitch-gatx, Plocgh-oatx, v. The same 
with plough-gang, S. ; go/^ being synon. 
with gang, Stat. Ace, 

Plzucrgeire, v. The furniture belonging 
to a plough, S. Acts Ja. VI, 

PLBUCiioRArrH, s. The same with pleuch-. 
geirct S. Skene, 

Plbuch-irmes, pLwrawTs, *. pi. The iron 
instruments belonging to a plough, S. 
Isl. plogiarn, the ploughshare. 


PLY, «. Pligfat, condidoii, & Dunbar, 

PLY. «. A fold, a plait. S. 
PLYCHT, #. Pitnisfament. Benrtfwne. 

Belg. flicht, judidum. 
To PLISH-PLASH, v. n. To emit the 
sound produced by auocessiYe shocks iU 
any liquid body, S. V. FlasBi v. 

Push-Plash, acfv. To play ptUh-pUuh, to 

make a flashing sound, S. 
PLISKIE, #. A trick, properly of a nua- 
cfaiefouskind; though not necessarily 
indudiog the idea of any evil design, S. 

A.S. fiaegat play, sport, with the ter- 
mination isct or iik, expres^veof incre- 

PLODDERE, #. A baoger, a mauler. 

O.FV. pUmd-er, to bang, to mauL 
PLOY, s. 1. A harmless frolic^ properly 
of a social kind, S. Sir J. Smdair. 

2. A frolic, which, althpugh b^gun in 
jest, has a serious issue, S. Bo$t» 

7h PLOT, v.a. 1. Tp scald, S. Sammy. 
8. To make tny liquid scalding hot, & 
5. To bum, in ^ general senses J^orkt. 
PLOTCOCK, «. Tlie devIL PUtcoOU. 
According to some, Piuto^ whose Isl. 
name is SioigotU Out term may be q. 
Sloikok, "theswallowerofsacriflces;*' 
firom bloi, sacriflctng^ and koinh dtghi* 
PLOUA '• A grpen 8od» Abcrd. 

SUoid. piot^em, membranam ^uere. 
PLOUT, #. A heavy shower of rain, S. 
B^. ploU'-en, to fall down plump. 
1\> PLOUTER, «. n. To make a noise 
among water, to be engaged in any wet 
and dirty worV, S,, jabwster, S.A. 

Germ, ptader-n, hnmida et soidida 

tnctaie; TwM, pitgtt'fnf pioUen int wo" 

Ur, in aquam irruere. 

pLOUTxa, «. The ac( qf floundering thiou|^ 

water or mire, & ^apvlar WU 

PLUCK, h Tbit pogg«k • fish, a 



Poems I6ik CeaU 
M tkeplvkup, q. reedy to piuek ty 
every thing by the roots. 
PLUFFY, a4f. Flabby, chubby, & 

Su. G. pi^ftig, ham ob e se. 
PLUKE, PLOUK, s. A pimple^ & 

Gael, pluean, id. B. Bmee. 

Plukib-fackd, aifj. Having a pimpled 
face, S. Bii$otu 

PLUME-DAHES, t. A DamoMcema 
plumb, a Adi Ja. VI, 

PLUMP, a4}. A plump tkower, a hcaivy 
shpwer that &Us straight flown, a ; £. 
plumb, perpendicular; q. like leedt 
Tout plcmp, plumbeus. 
PLWYIlNYa«.|>L V. PuocHimHOb 
To PLUNK, o. n. To plump, a, C.B. 

ptwngjt'io, id. 
To PLUNK, II. fi. Tp play the tnnn^ 


Teut pienck-eHf vagari, to strsgglcw 
PLUNTED, probably for pavOid. 

Leg. St AndnU. 
POB, POB-TOW,f. RcAiseofflsz,aB. 

also/wk Siatul. Ace 

POCK-ARRS^ s. I»L The marics left I7 

the smallpox. V. Aaa. 
POCKED SHEEP, old sheep haviqs • 

disease resembling scroAila, a 
POCKMANTEAU, t. Literally, adaat- 

bag, a Ifofiofi. 

POCK.SHAKINGa«. 11^ Tht young- 

est child of a fiunily. S. 

A vei7 andent Goth, idiom. IsL 

belgutkaka, ultimus parentum natus vd 

nata, irom belg^ux, a bag or pock, and 

akak-a, to shake. 
POD, t. Perhaps a toad; Teat, pode, id 
PODLE, f. A tadpole a ; Teut. /vodde, 

a frog. 
PODLIE, PODLEY, #. 1. The fiy of 

the coal fish, Loth., Fifeb Orkn. 

StatisL Ace 

8. The green-backed poUadt, Loth., 

rife. Sibb^U. 

a The true poUadi, or Gadus poUe- 

fhiu%aj Flaiid.jiiid^fmqstcbpitcift 


POD£MAKR£LL»«. Abawd. Z>Mi^ai. 

Fr. pulte, mcretrix, and fnaquergOe 


POID,<. V. Pon. PaLHitH. 

T9 POIND, POYND, v. a. 1. To di»- 

tnun, &, a fofansic term. BtUenden, 

% To teiie in warfiure. Wyntown. 

A.8, pynd-^tn, to ihut up; Germ. 

pfand'^nt to distiaio. 

PorxD, PowiriH «. 1. That which is dis- 

tfaiDcd, & Stat. Rob. /. 

S. Tba prey taken in an inroad. WytU. 

Poixnaiu, o^ Liable to be distrained, 

S. Efikme. 

PoiNSMo, <• The act of poinding, S. 

PoYMDxa, PoNOAMi, «• One who distrains, 

& Stat. Bjob. I. 

FOINER, #. One who lives by digging 

and selling y%a/, dwot$ or day, Inver- 

nessL Law Cote, 

O.Fr. pianmer is used in a similar 

sense. V. Roquefort 

POYNIES, t. pi. Gloves. Skene. 

Fr. poing, the fist 
POYNTAL, «. 1. A sharp swoid or dag- 
ger, Dougfat. 

Fr. jtoifUilUt a prick or point. O.Fr. 
punkal, a dagger. 
8. A quill for playing on the harp. 

To POIST, PUIST, ». a. To push. V. 

POKE, a. A swelling under the jaw ; a 
disease of sheep, S, , peihaps as resem- 
bling a pock or bag. Statist. Ace. 
POLDACH, $. Marshy ground lying on 
the side of a body of water, Aug. 

Belg. po/der, a marsh, a meadow on 
the shore. 
POLICY, POLLECE, t. The pleasure- 
ground about a geatlenum's seat, S. 
fr, police. Jc^ Ja. V. 

POLIST. a4i. Artful; generally as in- 
cluding the idea of ftwning, S. 
E. polish i Fr.jw/jr, to sleek. 
POLKE, POK, 9. A kind of net. 

JetsJa. VI. 

POLLAC •• Apptiently the gwiniad, a 

Ikh, Statist, Accn 


A turkey, S. 
Fr. paon, tlkopotUet d'lnde^ id. 
POLLIS, <. pL Paws. Wallace. 

POLLOCK, a. The young of the coal- 
fish, Sbetl. Statist. Ace. 

POME, s. Pcihaps pomatum. Douglas. 
POMELL, s. A globe; mctaph. the 
lyreast. Maitland Poems. 

L. B. pomell'^is, globulus. 
PONYHE^ M. A skirmish. Barbour. 
O.Fr. poigiUe, id. LaL pugna, • 
POKYEANP, a<;. Pleicing, Wallace. , 

¥r. poignant, id, 

POKNYIS»f. Weight, influence; Teut. 

pondigk^ ponderosus. £11. Sibb. 

PONNYIS,Leg.pninyii,mooey. Saulate. 

POO,s. Acnb^£.Loth. PuUoek, Axi^ 

O. Fr. pole, sorte de poisson, 

POORTITH, s. Poverty. V. PuaTTx. 

POPE'S KNIGHTS^ a. pi. A designa. 

tion fonnerly given to priests of the 

church of Rome, who were at the sama 

time distioguisbed by the title of Sir. 

y. Scflnu SpotswooiU 

POPIL, a. A poplar. ComplttyiU S. 

Fr. peupUf LaL pspul^us, id. 
POPIL, tt4f. Perhaps plebeian. 

Teut, popel, plebs. Bellenim. 

POPINGOE, f. V. Papuat. 
To POPLE, PAPLE, v. n. 1. Tobobbia 
up like water, expressing also the noise 
of ebullition, & Doug^. 

S. To boil with indignation, &B. V. 

Teut, /}opel-ai| murmur edere^ CB. 
pwntbl'Ut to bubble^ pvmpi^ a bubble. 
POPLESY, <. Apoplexy. BeOenden. 

Teau popelcye, id. 
POPPILL, POPPLE, s. Comcampkm 
or cockle^ S.ptgiple, CB. popple, id. 

Jaostnatjfne JPoewis. 
POR, I. A thrust with a sword. 

Teut. porr-en, urgere. MeUwiU'sMS. 
PORRIDGE, s. Haatyupuddlng; oaD- 
meal, aometimes bar|ay.maalt st|md on 
the fire in boiling water till it be consi- 
derably thickened, & gtat. Aec. 


IPORT, «. A cstcbf a lively tune, Gael* 
id. S. KeUy. 

POKT-TOOL, PORT-TKULL. To iittg Port" 

yotdt to cry, S. KeUy* 

Port, and youl to cry. 
PORTAGE, t. Cargo put onboard ship, 
Fr* Douglas* 

POT ATI BUS, not understood. /r<mto/^. 
of persons indicted to appear before the 
Justiciary Aire, given by the Justice- 
clerk to the Coroner, that he might at- 
tach them in order to their appearance. 
Acts Ja, L 
Probably from Fr. pori'-er, as being 
carried to the Aires or circuit-courts; 
O.Fr. porlot, porUtif. 
PORTIONER, f. Onewho possesses part 
of a property which has been originally 
divided among co-heirs. V. Parsinxes. 
Stat, Ace* 
PORTURIT, adj. Pourtrayed. Doug. 
PORTUS, s. A skeleton, Ang. 
POSE, POIS, POISE, s. A secret hoard 
of money, S. Knax. 

A.S. posa. Dm. pose, Su.G. posse, a 
POSNETT, J. A bag in which money la 
put ; q. 9k net used as a purse. 

Burr. Lawes* 

To POSS, V. a. To push ; S. pouss. V. 

Pouss. Douglas. 

Ft. pouss-er, Lat. puts-are. 

POSSODT, s. A term of endearment, 

used ludicrously. V. Powsownix. 


To POSTULE, V. a. To elect one for a 

bishop who is not in all points duly 

eligible. 'L.B. postvlmri. Wyntown. 

POSTROME, f. A poslcm. Bellenden. 

L. B. posturium, id. 
To POT, V. a. To stew in a pot, S. 
POT. POTT, #. 1. A pit, a dungeon. 

S. A pond or pit full of water, S. Hudd. 
5. A pool or deep place in a river, S. 

4. A deep bole scooped out in a rock, 
bj the eddies of a river, S. Minstr, JSord, 


5. A moaa-hole ftt>m whence peats faftw 
been dug. V. Prb-pot. 

Teut. put, fovea ; lacuna, pains ; gi- 
ven as synon. with pool. 
FOTARjyS, s. pi. L. dotards. More* 
POTENT, adj. Wealthy, q. powerfbl in 
money, & Pn€tis Pebiiu 

POTENT, s. 1. A gibbet Compl. & 
2.Acrutch. Gl.Sib^ 

Fr. potenee, a gibbet; also a cnitcfa.] 
POTTINGAR, $. An apothecary. 

L. B. PoiMgiar4us, coquus pulmcDta- 
PoRiMORT, $. The woifc of an apodwcary* 

POUDER, POWDER, *. Dust; Fr. 
poudre. B. Bruce* 

POUERALL, PURELL, *. The rab- 
ble. Barbour* 
O. Fr. povrttU, paurail, panpertinua. 
POUNCE, «. Long meadow.gnsse% 
Orkn. NeslL 
Isl. punt-r, gramen baibatam, a 
sharp-pointed grass. 
POUNE, POWNE, s. A peacock ; & 
pownie. Douglms* 
Fr. paonneau, a young peacodc 
To POUNSE, PUNSE. v. a. To carre^ 
to emboss. Douglas. 
Teut. ponts-en, punts-en, caelarc^ 
POURIN, s. A very smaIi;quantityof any 

liquid, S., from £. to pour. 
POURIT, part, adj, IropoverisAed. V. 
Pdrx, v. GL sou 

POURPOURE, 5. Purple. Daugfas. 

FV. jHfurpre, id. 
To POUSS, V. n. I. To push, a 

Bp, Forbes, 
2. To drive clothes hastily backwarda 
and forwards in the water in the act of 
washing, S. 
TtuVpolss-en tntwater^ quatereaqoaa. 
Pouss, 1. A push, S. F^. pousie. 
POUST, s. Bodily strength, S. 

O. Fr. poest^, pooste, id. 
PoosTi', Powstr', s. Power, Douglas, 
Lege poustie, full strength, L e. UgUima 
potestas. .Beg. MaJ^ 


PoutnrftBf «. Bodily •biliiy. To lose the 
poushtre of a limb, to lose the power of 
it, S.B. Rtiddiinaiu 

POUT, «. 1. A young partridge or Boor- 
fowl, S. Jlcts Ja. VL 

Ft. pouUi, a pullet ; Lat pvUus, 
S. The chicken of any domesticated 
fowl, S. 

3. A young girl, a fweetheart. Ross* 
To Pout, v. n. To shoot at young par^ 

tridges ; also^ to go a-pouimg, to go to 
shoot at pouis, S. Antiquary, 

To POUT, POUTER, v.n. To poke, to 
stir with a long instrument, S. ff^averley, 
Su.G. pott-a, digito vel baculo ez- 
plorare ; Belg. poter-en, fodicare. 

Pout, s. A poker, S.A« 

PouT-mcT, «. A round net fastened to two 
poles, by means of which the fishers 
poke the banks of rivers, to force out 
the fish, S. CourarU, 

PoDTSTArF, s. A staff or pole used in fish- 
ing with a small net. JTaUace, 

To POUZLE, V n. To search about 
with uncertainty for any thing, S. B. ; q. 
to puzzle* 

To PouzLB, o. n. To trifle, Fife. 
Teut fuitd-en, nugari. 

POW, s. The head, ihepoU, S. Ramsay. 

To POW, V, a. To pluck, to pull, & 


POW, I. A pool. Sir Trisirenu 

POW, POU, pron.poo, s, 1. Aslow-mo- 
▼ing rimlet in flat lands, S. 

Statist, Ace, 

2. A watery or marshy place, Stirllngs. 

Statist. Ace, 

5. A small creek, afibrding a landing. 

place for boats, CUckm. Statist. Ace. 

4. The wharf itself, ibid. 
Radically the same with £. pool. 

POW ART, s. A tadpole; powit, Fife. 
Statist. Ace, 
POW.EE, s. A small fresh haddock, 

POW-HEAD,!. A tadpole; pTon.powet, 

5. povfie, Perths. GL Tristrem, 
Mod. Sax. pogghe, a frog, q. pogghe* 

koofd, the head of a ftog. 


POWIN, #. The peacock. JSoergreen, 

Fr. paofif id. 
POWLINGS, «.p/. Some disease. 


POWSOWDIE, #. 1. Sheepshead broth* 

q. poll-sodden. Ritsotu 

2. Milk and meal boiled together, S.B. 

PRAELOQUUTOUR, s. An advocate. 

V. PaoLocoToa. 
PRAY, s. A meadow. Douglas, 

Fr. pr^, id. Lat prat-itm, 
PRAP, s. A mark, S. V. Paop. 
To PaAp, v. a. I. To set up as a mark, SL 
8. To prap stanes at any thing, to throw 
stones, by taking aim at some object^ 
PRAT, PRATT, #. 1. A trick, & Doug. 
2. A wicked action, S. Forbes. 

A.S.praettf craft; Isl. pretl^ur, guile. 
PaATTY, aty. Tricky, S. ; pretty, S.B. of- 
ten ill-pretty. Ruddiman. 
PRACTIQUE, s. I. Practice, expe- 
rience. Lyndsay, 
2. A stratagem in war ; protick, S. B. 

5. Form of proceeding in a court of law; 
a forensic term. Fr. pradique. 


4. An artful means. Dunbar, 

5. A trick of legerdemain, S. GL Sibb. 

6. A necromantic exploit, S. Dunbar. 

7. A mischievous trick, or any wicked 
act, S. Ramsay. 

Su. G. praktikj craft ; Mod. Sax. pnu> 
tycke, astrology. 
To FR£CELL,v.n. To excel. Lyndsay. 
PRECLAIR, adij. Supereminent, Fr. 


To PREFFER, v. a. To excel; Lat. 

pratfer'-o. Complaynt S, 


PREE, v.a, 1. To prove. Douglas. 

2. To taste ; corr. prie, S. Pal. Hon. 

3, To find by examination. Wallace. 

PRIN, 5. 1. A pin made of wire^ S. 

2. A thing of no value, S. Wallace^ 


Su. G. Dan. jarm, any diarp intlni* 
neiit ; lil. priann, a needle^ or large 
7b Peuv, Pkmtkk, Paiit, v, a. To pin, & 
Dunbar, Bamsojf* 
PauM-coD, s. A (nn-cushion, & 
PREI8, PRES, s. Heat of battle. 

2V PR£K, PRTK, v. s. To gaUop. 

A.S. jpricc-ian, Be]g« |)nc&-ea» pun- 
To PRENE, V. a. V. PauN, «. 
2V» PRENT, V. a. Toprinip S. MtsUane. 
IsUpreiU-tf, typk fsciida 
9. To coin. DoHglas, 

Su.«a/«a, imprixnere ; from pren, 
a graving tooL 
PasNT, «. 1, Print S. 41fp» HamUloun, 
Q, Impreauon of a die. ^ctt Ja, III, 
5. A deep impression made on the mind. 
4. Likeneo. Dougiau 

pAiHTAa, $, A printer. 
PRES» <. Throng. V. Pkeis. 
PRESERVES, 1. pi. Spectacles which 

magnify little or nothing, S. 
PRESOWN£» «. A prisoner. Wyniowu 
PRESSYT. L.prtMy^ praised. J9ar6oiir. 
PR£ST,PR£T£,|Nir/.;M. Ready. Fr. 
PRESTABLE, a^j. Payable. Act Sed. 

Fr. prett^ert LaL jtracMt'Ore, 
PRETTY, a4f, I, Small ; pron. « as at in 
/airt &B. 

t?. Including the idea4>f neatness^ con- 
joined with smallness of sisa^ S.J3. 
a. Mean, contemptible. Douglas. 

4. Handsome, well-made, & Spalding. 
^ Polite, accomplished, S. V. P&ott. 
Sir J, Sin^air. 
PRETTY-DANCERS* s.pL Tbeauro- 

ra borealis, S.R, 
To PREVADE, ©.n. Tonegleia. BaOiie. 
prevent. Lar. praeoenio. Dou^Uu. 

PUEVEXTATIVE, s. PrcvenUve, S. 
To F REVERT, v, a. To amicipate. 

LaL praevcri-o, DougUis. 

TREVES, i»/. 1. Proofs; 


S. Witnessea. JleuJm. VT. 


1. Praise. HenrysMte. 

Su. G.prisat JHn.pritgf Belg. pr{fSf idL 

S. Priae. Teut pr{js, pretium. Dms^as^ 
PRICK, f. 1. A wooden skewer, securing 

the end of • gut containing a pudding* 

S. An ifon ipbke. UeaatrsMS. 

To PuoKt V. cu To fasten by a wooden 

skewer. JUUjf. 

P»icKswoBiCB, #. Any thing of the kmcat 

imaginable value, S. 
PRICKED HAT, part of the drees re- 

quired of tboae who bore anna in diis 

country. ^cf s Jb. !!• 

PRICKER, #. The basking shari. &Bw 


PRICKER, upL A light horseman. V. 

Pexk, Spoismoodm 

PRICKMEDAINTY, t. One who ia fi. 

nioal in dress or carriage^ S.; 4* X pnek 

myself dauuily. 

Teut. pryck'-enp omare. 
PRICKSANG, #. Prickiong. l^oLBgn. 
PRIDEFOW, «(;. Proud, S. 
PRID YE AND, paH. pr. Houlaie. 

Q. setting themieWes- off. Sa.G. 

pryd'a, id. 
PRIEST. To be otie*s priest, to kill Um, 

To PRIEVE, V. a. V. Paatr. 
To PRIG, t;.n. 1. To haggle, S. Doug. 

2. To importune, S.B, P^ Buck. DiaL 
Belg. prackg-en, to beg. 
PaxGGiMo, s. 1. Haggling, Si Mu/Ae^ftnL 

2. Entreaty, & 
To PRYK, 0.11. V. Peik. 
To PRYME, V. a. To stuf. Dougfas. 
PRIMSIE, f. Pemurcv precise^ S.fimn 

£. prim, Bums., 

To PR^MP, To deck one's self in n stiff 

and affected manner. 
Paxxht, parL pa. 1. Stiffly and affected- 
ly dressed, 8. 

S. Ridiculously stiff in demeanouft S« 
Su. G. pramper-a, to be proud. 
To PRIN, V. a. V. Peuv, v. 
PRYNES; s,pL Cribs of som« Mpd ftr 

catching fish. Jets Ja. III. 


9b PBINK. TodcdL, to prick, S. 

TeaU proHck'en, ommn. Evergreen, 
Ta FRINKLC V. n. To thrill to tiogle, 

a ff<>gg' ^^y* 

PRINTS, i.pL Newspapen, 8. 

PRYS, f. Phdie. V. P»TC«. 

PRIVT SAUGH, Common privet, S. 


To PRIZE UP,».fl, Tofcfceopenalock 
or door, S. Fr. presp-er^ to force. 

PROBATIONER, s. One who is licen- 
•ed to preach in puUic, as preparatory 
to his being called by any congregation, 
S. Jets Miemblp. 

To PROCESS, 0. a. To proceed legally 
against one, S. Jiaittie, 

To PROCH, v,a. To approach. ITaUace, 
Fr. proche, near. 

Neighbouring, Fi. Complaynt & 

PROCURATOR, i. 1. An advocate in 
a oomrt of hgr. jicti J«u VL 

2, A solicitor, srho is allowed to speak 
before an inferior court, although not 
an adtocate ; conr. proaUort S. 
L.B. procurator, 

PROD, I. A wo&en skewer, Ang. 

Su. G. b^oddf Dan. brod, cui^i% aco- 

Paon, CAAw-raoD^ #• A pin fixed in the 
top of a gable, to which the ropes, fiut- 
cning the roof of a cottage, were tied* 
S.B. Prod, and perh. crap, the top. 

PROG, PROGUE, #. 1. A shaip point, 

8. An arrow. p. Buck, Dial 
Pmoo>sKAFr, f. A staff with a sharp iron 

point in its extremity, S. B. V. Baoo, v. 
Jki PROYNE, PRUNYIE, v, a. 1. To 
deck, to trim ; applied to birds. 

9. Denoting the effeminate care of a 
male in decldog his perron. Boug, 

Genu. prang^CHf to make a shew ; 
Stt.G. prydn^ing, trimming. 
PROKET, s. Proket of wax, apparently a 
small taper. 

Fr. brockeite, a prick or peg. 
PROLOCUTOR, «. An advocate. 



Lat pro and ioqtd, to ^leak for* 
Praeioquuiour, id. ActtJa, VL 

PROLONG, s. Procrastination. ITaAace. 
To PROMIT, o.a. To promias^ 

Lat. promiU-o, BeUenden, 

PaoKW, s. A promise. PaL J£otu 

To PROMO V£, e. a. To promote. 

Lat promotheo. AcU ParU 

PRON, «. Fhimmery, S.B. 

GaeL pronn, pollard. 
PRON'P, PRAN'D, pan. pa. Braised, 
wounded. Buchan. 

Gael, jmefifwun, to bruise. 
great grandson. Lat. pron<}x>«. WynU 
PROP, 9. An olgeci at which aim is ta- 
ken, S. prap. Dunbar. 
Q^ something supported above the 
level of the ground as a butt. 
PROPYNE, PROFINE, s. 1. A pre- 
sent^ S. Dou^aL 
S. Drink-money. Rutherford, 
S. The power of giving. Mhutr. Bord. 
Gr. r^riw, Lat. prcpm-o, id. Heoco 
Fr. propine, drink-money. 
To Paortxx, v.a.\. To present a cup to 
another. MoUoeke* 
2. To pivsant, In a genend sense. 

Muse's Tkrenodiem 
To PROPONE, V. a. To propose. 

Lat. propoit-o. Douglatm 

To PROPORTE, v.«i. To mean. 

E. purport, L. B. proport-are, Doug* 
PROSPECT, f. A perspective glass, & 

Fr. protpeciwoi Lat. protpicio, Baittie* 

PROT, f. A trick. V. PaAW. 

PROTEIR. lu protegere. Dunbar. 

PROTY, PROTTY, at(f. 1. Handsome, 

elegant, S. B. P. Buck. Diai, 

2. Possessing mettle, fi.B. Boss. 

l%i. prud-r, decorus, A.S,praeie, or* 

PROTICK, s. V. Peaitxcx. 
PROVENTIS, Profits. ^ju»» 

Lat provent-us. 
PROVOST, s. The mayor of a royal 

burgh, S. 
PROW, s. Profit MaitUmd P. 

F^. proUf id* 


PROWAN, 1. Provender. ICdly. 

Vr, provende, id. 
PROWDE, at0. Magnificent Wyntown. 

Su. G. prud, id. 
PROWDE, J. Fair, beautiful woman. 

Maitiand P. 
Su«G. prudt ornatus; ItLfridf puU 
To PRUNYIE, V. a. To trim. V. 

PTARMIGAN, «. The white game, S. 

GaeL tarmoch-atu Sibb. 

PUBLIC-HOUSE, 8. An inn, a tavern, 
& Sir J. Sinclair, 

PUCK HARY, «. A certain sprite or 
hobgoblin, & ColviL 

Id. Su. G.puke, daemon, spectrum. 
PUD. InApud, J. An inkholder. Loth. 
Tout, enck pot, atramentarium ; or 
puyd, suggestus, q. what supports. 
PUD, I. A fondling designation for a 

child. Isl. ped, homundo, puer. 
PUDDIE, PUDDY, «. A kind of doth. 
Teut pooU, pellis cervaria. JSifjon. 
PUDDILL, u A pedlar's pack or wallet. 

TevLt. buydel, Fris./m^/^8acculu8. 
PUDDINGFILLAR, s. A glutton. 

To PUDDLE, PUDLE, ». n. 1. To 
work diligently in a mean way, S. from 
£. puddUt a mire. Statitt. Ace. 

2. Applied to laborious and frivolous en- 
gagement in the Popish ceremonies. 

JU Bruce. 
PUDGE, u A small house, a hut, Perths. 
IsL bud^ Teut bocde^ caaa; O.Teut 
|)oesf, an ox-stall. 
To PUG, V. o. To pull, Perths. 
PUI R, a4;. Poor. V. Puax. 
To PuiR, V. a. V. Pure, o. 

L. B. poyilayUia, id. Barbour. 

To PULCE. V. a. To impd. 

Lat. pvii-o, Complaynt S. 

PULDER, s. Powder, dust 

O. Fr. puidre, id. Complaint S. 

PuLDKRiT, ; Sprinkled. Dou^as. 

PULLAINE GREIS» s. Greaves worn 

in war. Weilace, 


L.B. poUna, pars qua genua muni, 
PULL LING, s. A moss plant, S^ 
PULLISEE, f. A pulley, S.puUiskee. 

PULOCHS, Patches, 8.B. 

Mod. Sax. pulten, id. 
PULTRING, |>art.o<;. Rutting, Perths 

Fr. poultre, a horse-colt 
To PUMP, V. n. To break wind softly 

behind, S. IsL prump^, pedere. 
Paicr, t. The act of breaking wind softly, 

To PUNCH, V. a. To jog with the dbov, 

& O. E. 

Sw. bunk-Ot cum sonitu ferirs. 
Pdhch, $. A jog, a slight push, S. 
PUNDELAYN, j. JBarbatir. 

Fr. PantaUon, the name of a taiiit 

much celebrated in former ages. 
PUNDIE, s. A small tin mug for hest- 

ing liquids, Pertlis. ; original! j contain- 
ing a pound weight of water. 

strument for weighings resemUiog s 

steelyard, Orkn. Sony, 

SvuG, pundarCf statem; from pund, 

PUNDLER, PUNLER, s. 1. Adisbam- 

er, Ang. V. Poikdxr. Bonn. MS. 

S. A stalk of peas bearing two pod^ 

To PUNGE, t^ fl. V. PuimE. 
PUNGER,s. A species of crab. tSbbiM. 
PUNYE, s. A snudl body of men. 

'Fr.poigtUe degenst a handful of p«^ 
To PUNYE, PUNGE, v. a. I. To 
pierce. WaBaee. 

2. To sting. Fordwu 

3. To sting; applied to the mind. 

O.Tt. poign-er, tsLpung-ere. 
PUNYOUN,#. Side, party. V. Omnosr. 

PUNSIS, PUNCIS, f. pL Pulses. 

Corr. fromjni^. Montgomm* 

PURCHES,«.l. An amour. Dou^au 
O. Fr. porchaz, intrigue. 


S. Spaee for exertion, S. 

8, To live on one's purchase, to live by 

one*twit8, S. 
PURE, PUIR, a((f. Poor, S. Douglaj. 

O. Fr. poure, id. 
PouLiz, adv, Humblf . JT. Hart, 

Puftt MAir, «. A beggar, S. JT. Qtmnr* 
To Pu»i, PoiE, p. «. To imporeriah. 

PURED,/Nir^. mf;. Furred. Sir Gawaru 
PURELLIS, s. pi. V. PouE»ALL. 

Sbori-winded, & 
PURIE, J. A small meagre person, 

PURLE, s. A pearl. Vatson. 

PURL, 1. 1. A portion of the dung of 

sheep or horses, S. Est. Highland Soe. 
8u.G.porl-a, scaturire. 

S. Dried cow-dung, used for fuel, Fife, 


flourish at the end of a word in writing, 


Fr. pour U queue, q. for the tail. 

2. In pi. whims, trifling oddities, Ang. 
PURLIE-PIG, 1. V. PiRLut-Fio, 
PURPOSE.LIKE, adj. ApparenUy weU 

qualified for any business, S. 

iS'iV /. Sindair. 
PURPRESTRE, s. A riolation of the 

property of a superior. Beg. Mqf. 

Vt. pourprendrc, invadere. 


PURRAY, PURRY, *. A species of 
fur. Fr, JhurrSe, id. jtets Ja. /• 

PURRY, s. A kind of porridge, Aberd. 
Pop. Both 
PURRING-IRNE, t. A poker, Ang. 

TeuL poyer-eiu fodicare. 
PURSY, J. Short-breathed and fat 

O. Fr. pourcif, id. &. Siibm 

PURSILL, s. As much money as fills a 

purse, &B. q. purte-JUl. 
PURS-PYK. t. A pickpocket. 2>unhar. 
PURTYE, POORTITH, s. Poverty. 
S. O. Fr. pouretS. Bannatyne P. 

To PUT, t;. n. To push with the head or 
horns, S. Douglas* 

Teut botl-en^ C.B. pwt-iaw, id. 
To PcT at, V. a. To push against JTnox. 
To Pot on, v. a. To jogg, to give a gentle 
push, S. Leg, St Androiss 

Put, Pott, «. 1. A thrust, a push, S. 


2. Metaph. an attempt. Pennecuik, 

To Put, v. n. To throw a heavy stone 

above-hand, S. Bamtay, 

C.B. pwt4aw, to push, to thrust 

Put and Row, adv. With diflicuhy, S. 


Puttivo-stomx, s. a heavy stone used In 

putting, S. Pennant, 

To PUT out, V. a. To discover, to make 

a person known who wishes to conceal 

himself, S. 

PUTTER, ff. Acorr. of petard. Spalding. 


QUEFF, s. A small and shallow drink- 
ing cup with two ears. Ferg^sfm. 
Ir. Gael, cuach, a cup or bowl. 
QUAID, «<;. Eril. PaL of Hon, 

Alem. quad, Belg. quaad, malus. 
QUAIFF, QUEIF, i. A coif. Philotus. 

TtMi. kotffe, Su.G. kwif,\d. 
QUA IK, s. The wheeaing sound emitted 
in consequence of great exertion. 

Teut quack'cn, Lat coax-are. 

Acts Marie. 
QUAIR, QUERE, s. A book. 

Isl. Aw<?r, libellus, codicillus; O.Fr. 
quayer, a book, id. 
QUAKING ASH, s. The asp or aspen* 

QUALIM, s. Ruin. Douglas. 

Alem. qualm, cxcidium. 
QUARREL, s. A stone quarry, S. V. 



<^UARTER-ILL, f. A difeM BHioDg 
cattle, affecting them only in one limb 
or quarter, & Jhfp* JBaii. 

To QUAT. o. a. To quil, S. 

QuAT, a^;. Released from, & Bamuty. 

QUAUIR, «. A quiver. JDauglas. 

QUEET, 8. The ande, Aberd. V. Cun. 

f. A cow of two jears old, S. 

jicti Male. II. 
Dan. guie, Su. G^ 91^90, id. 
QUEYN, QUEAN, «. A young woman, 
& CLSikb. 

A.S. cieen, Su«G. ^i'liiia, muUer. 
dUEINT, QUENT, aty. 1. Curioui. 


3. Strange, wonderfuL Douglas. 

3. Conning, crafty. jDouglat. 

O.Fr. ecml, bien fiut, lage; Arm. 


QuiMTis, J. Elegant derice. Barbour. 

O. Fr. eohuitef omement, lyattement. 

QuxncT, QnxTiiT, «. A wile, a deirioe; 

O.Fr. cotnle. Wjfntoum, 

lb QUEINTH, QUEtTH, V. a. To pa- 

dfy, or to bid farewell to. Douglas. 

Su«G. 111. fwaed'-ia, lalutare/ vale- 


C^UELLES, «. fL Yelli. Sir Gawan. 

8u. G. IsL qirill-at cjulare. 
To QUEME, V. a. To fit exactly; queem, 

Lanerka. Quemiif part. pa. 
QuRMX, a4f. Exactly fitted, uied aa an adv. 
Queem, Lanerka. id. Douglas. 

Tent, quaem, be*quaem aptns. 
QUEMIT, part. pa. Exactly fitted. 

PaL qfBofu 
Franc, hiquam congntit, oooYenit. 
QUENRY, «. Abundance of bad women. 
CAr. S. P. 
A. SL ewen, mnlier, and tic, divea. 
QUENT, QUENTI8S. V. Qirxtur. 
QUENT, adj. Familiar, acquainted. 

Fr. oceotn/, id. Bdlenden. 

QUERRELL, QUAREL, s. A quarry. 

&B. BdleRderu 

Fr. quarrd^Tt tP ptTt with fiat atonca. 


QUERT, s. In quert, in • lUile of hilan- 

ty. S.P.R^r. 

CB. chwaer^u, to be active; ckwaw^ 

eut to sport I chwareuadt ckwareuaetJk* 

apor^ merriment; ehwarih. 

Arm. choar-iy jouer. 
QuixaTr, QoKXrr.a^;'. I. Lifdy, poi 

ing a flow of animal qilriti, & 

S. Active, Ayrs., Domfr. 
QUESTES, Noise of homidiL 

Fr. quest-^, to open aa a dog. 
QUH, expressing a strong guttuni 1 

QUHA, QUHAY,profi.Who| qmki^s. 

whose. 9. J}em^a$» 

QUHAYE. #. Whey. Plot quka^e, a 

delicate sort of curd which floata at die 

top of whey when boiled* & 

Compl^^ Si 
A.S. hweg, Belg. lueye, kmjf. 
QUHAYNG, WHANG, » 1. A thoa^ 

& A.& thmmg, BeUemdetu 

Ay at Ifte whittle and the qukamg, & 

Prov. Still in a broil; Sw. Iweag, id. 

2. A thick slice of any thing 

To QuRAMO, Whano, v. a. I. To flc^ SL 
S. To lash in discourse. Bums* 

3. To cut in lafgo slices, 8. 

A curlew, Sk jiets Marie. 

QuHAip, QuHAur, t. A goblin supposed la 
go about under the eaves of houses aT. 
ter night fall, having a long beak, Ayis. 
QUHAM, f. 1. A dale among bills, & 
9. A marshy hollow. Loth. 

Isl. hwamtr^r, a>avallicu1a aca a eaii 
valUs ; kwome, vongOi 
QUHARE, adv. WherSb 8.P.B^r. 

QuvAjEiMTiL, adv. Wherein. JR. Bruce. 
QUH A-SAY, I. A sham, a pretence. 

^ Leg. St Androis. 

Corr. perh. from Lat quasi,s» i£ 


kind of; 8.vfkattim. V. Kiv. BarAoar. 

QUHATSUMEUIR, atfi. Whatsoever. 



To QUHAUK, V. a. To hett, S.E. 
QUHAUP, #. A curlew. V. Qurait. 
aUHAUP, WHAAP. Tkere't a whaap 
intheraip,S,Fnsf. There is flomething 
wrong* JPetty. 

QUHAUP, «. A pod intheettliettsute, 

To Whaup, or to be WHAunn>, v. n. To 

aantme the form of pods, S.B. 
9*0 QoHAUP, V. cu To shell pees, S.B. 
To QUHAWCH, v. «. V. Qjjxau 
QUHAWE, «• A manh, a quagmire. 
C.B.ehwi, a whirl; chwiawg, tall of 
whirls. ' Wyniown. 

QUHONE, at(f. Few, S. Barbour. 
QuHiyi, & wkeen, «• A small quantity. 
A.S. hwaentt hwene, aliquantum, 
To ttim upside down, S. whummil. 

Su. 6. kwind^t Tertigine laborare. 
eof^» However. Barbovr. 

A.S. hwaethere, tamen, attamen. 
To QUHETHIR, v. n. V. QainDiR. 
To QUHEW, 0. «. To whii, to whistle. 
C B. ehwttUMOWt to blow. Buret* 
QuHXW, 9. 1. The sound produced by the 
motion of any body throu|^ the air trith 
velocity; 8,B» few* Douglas. 

2» A disease which proved extremely 
fatal in Scotland, A. 1420; occaaionod, 
as would appear from the description, 
by the unnatural temperature of the 
weather. Forduiu 

CmB. chtMii chwaw, a blast, a gust. 


QUHY, s. A cause, a reason. JT, Quair. 
HER, (gutt) V. n. To moTe through 
the air widi • whixzing sound, S.B. 

Mmstrdty Bord. 

A.S. hweotht Awt^A, flatus, aura lenis. 

To aUHID, WHUD, ». n. 1. To whisk, 

to moTe nimbly, S. JBomioy. 

2. To fib, to equiTocate, S. 

C. B. chvfidrawt tp move quickly ; al- 
so to juggle ; htcidrarf pemiz fcrtur. 


QnfaTDi Wmo, I. A quick mmioo. S. 

2. A smart stroke. Burel- 

3. In a whid, in a moment, S. 

B. GoBoway* 

4. A lie, properly in the way of evasion. 
Isl. hvnda, fenrida actio ; C B. chwidf 

a quick turn. 
To whix, S. V. QuHiCB. Barbour. 
A*S. hwother-ant to make a booming 
QuHinnxK, «. A whizking sound, S. wAi* 
thir. Dou^s. 

QUHIDDER, 5. A sUgfat and transient 
indisposition, S. quhither. 

A.S. hwith s q* a passing blast 
QUHIG, WHIG, s. The sour part of 
cream, which separates from the rest, SL 
A«& kwaeg, serum, whey. Gl. Compi. 
QUHILE, QUHILI^ adv. At times. 
Moes.G. fuheO-a^ A.S. kwil, time. 
QuBiLx, QuHU^ adv. Some time, former- 
ly. Barbour. 
QuBiLx, QoBiLtx, a<g. Late, deceased. 

QUHILK, profi. Which, who, & IFynU 

A. & Dan. htnle, Beig. welk, id. 
QUH ILK, «. An imitative word express- 
ing the cry of a gosling. CompL S. 
QUHILL, cof^. Until, 8. Barbour^ 

A.S. hwiie, donee, untiL 
QUHILLY BILLY, the noise made ia 
violent coughing or reaching. V. Hil- 

LIX-MLLOW. lAffldtay. 

Some time ago. Wyntown. 

5. At times. V. Umquhilx. Barbour. 
8. Distributively; now, then. Dunbar. 

A.S. hwUom, Atot/um, aliquanda 
stone ; the name given to basalt trap, 
&cS. Douglas. 

Isl. hwijn'Of resonare; kwm, reso- 
nans; q. ** the resounding stone." 
To QUHYNGE, v. n. To whine^ & 
Ufheenge. DouglaSm 

Su.G. weng-ag plocttra. 
To QUHIP, WIPP^v. a. Tobindaboii^ 


HO08.G. vfoUhjaiif to summnd ; IsU 
wef, drcumvolvo* 
Qdhxtfis, «. /i^ Crowns. G^ jSitM* 

Moet.G« tiNitff, corona. 
To QUHIRR, tf. n. To emit such a sound 
at that of a partridge or moorfowl« when 
it takes flight, S. whurr. £. whirring 
is used as an a<(;. Su. G. hurr^a, mur- 
murare^ cum impetn circumagi. 
QuHiEB, s. The sound of an otject mo- 
ving, as above expressed, S. whurr. 
To QUHISSEL, WISSIL, v. a. 1. To 
exchange. Douglat* 

2. To change ; used as to money, S.B. 
AcU Ja. V, 
Belg. wissel-ent Germ, wechsel-nt 
Su.G. fDoexl^a, id. 
Quhzssel; WuissLH, Wissil, s. Change gi- 
ven for money, S. B. Bums. 
Belg. wittel. Germ, wesehellf id. 
QnHTssxLAR, «. 1. A changer of money. 
2. A person employed privately to raise 
the price of goods sold by auction. 
Tent wisseler, id. CU. Sibb. 
To QUHYTE, WHEAT, 9. a. To cut 
with a knife; usually applied to wood, 
S. A.S. thwit'Ofit thweot^Ht id. 
QUHYTE, (U0. Hypocritical, dissem- 
bling. Douglas, 
White used metapb. like /air, spe- 
QUHITE MONEY, silver. Acts Ja, V. 
SuiG. Amto^yenntngar, silver money. 
QUHITHER, s. A slight iihiess. V. 


QUH YTYSS» *. pi. Barbour. 

O.Fr. heuttet a hat worn by militaiy 
men ; L.B. huveti, vestis species, view- 
ed as a sort of mantle. 


weasel, & ; whitrack, Moray. SibbakU 

Id. hwaturf Su.G. hwat, quick,fleet; 

C.B. cfiundrad, unsteady motion; chwid' 

rawg^ full of giddiness. 

QUHITSTANE, 1. A whetstone. 2>08^. 
Teut. tKt-tten, cos. 

To warble, to chatter, & Douglas, 

2. Applied to the quick motion of the 
tongue. Douglas. 


Sa.G. ^iffito^a, Belg. qttetter.-nt gir- 
rire instar avium. 
QUHOYNE, atg. Few. V. Qvunn. 
To QUHOMMEL, o. a, V. Quhuiix. 
QUHONNAR, ai^f. Fewer. 

V. QoHBTifK. Bksrbourt 

QUHOW, adv. How. Abp. Hamiiioun. 
2V QUHRYNE, v. ru I. To squeak. 

2. To murmur, to whine. Dougfes. 
A. S. hrin^n, IsL hrin-^, ejulare, mo- 
QuHKTNX, «. A whining or growliog 
sound. Dougftts, 

QUY, QUYACH, 9. V. Qukt. 
QUIBOW, s. A branch of a tiee, &B. 

Ir. Gael, caobh, id. 
QUICH, (gua) f. A small round-eared 
cap for a woman's head, worn under 
another, Ang. 

Su.G. hwifi CB. penguwekt id., 
fiom pert, head, and cuwch, the brow^ 
or knitting of them. 
QUICKEN, f. Couch-grass. Ligkt/boU 
Sw. qwick'hweUt qmdk'rot, qwicia^ 
QUIERTY, adj. Lively. V. Qjnxr. 
QUIETIE, s. Privacy. Lyndsay, 

To QUIN, V. a. To oon. MaUlamd P. 
s. A comer. O.F^. cotng, id. 


QUINK, QUINCK, s. OoMen-cyed 

duck, Orkn. AeU Marie. 

Norw. quink-e, to pipe. 

QUINTER, s. A ewe in her third yc0; 

q. twinter, her second year being cod> 

pleted. GL Sibb. 

QUIRIE, s. The royal stud. i^Hiiswood. 

Fr. ecuriet id. 
QUISQUOUS» ae(j. Nice, perplexity & 
Lat. quisquis. Wodrov. 

QU YTE, part. pa. Requited. 

Gawanofid Got. 
To QUITTER, v. n. V. QirHirrsa. 
2b QUYTCLEYME, r. a. To renounc* 
all claim to. WtMace. 

QwTT-CLKMB, #. Renuuciation. W^ovn. 
QUOD, pret. v. Quoth, said, & 

Alem. quad, dixi. Complc^fni S. 


QUOT, f. A yonng eow. V. Quit. 
QUOT, «. 1. A piece of grouDd, taken in 

from a common, and indoaed, Ofkn. 

S. Sheep quay, a penn; tjnoa, with bucht, 

IsL kwi, daustrum/ ubi ores indo- 


9. A rwgU guoy, one whidi has origi- 


ginally been of a drcular form, And* 


portion of the gooda of one deceased^ 

appointed by law to be paid for the con« 

firmation of his testament^ or ftr the 

right of intromitting with hia property. 

Act Sed. 

Fr« ^ttoltf, L.B. ^ota, portion* 


RA, BAA, RAE, #• A roe. Ads Ja. I. 

laL rut Sii.G. Dan. raa, id. 
RAt RAY, #. The tail-yard. 

IiL roa, Su.G.«Fge/faa,id. 
RABAMnub Raxbaitdis, #. pL The amall 
linea which fiwten the sail to the yard. 
Su.G. r«^6an<<, robbina. Douglas* 
RABBLE, «. A rh^Mody, a BttHlie. 

Tent, rabbel-enf garrire, nugari. 
To Rabbli, Raulk, ffc fi. To rattle non- 
■ense. CL Skirr. 

RABIL, ff. A disorderly train. Douglas. 
To RABETE. V. Rkbuti. 
R ACE, /)re<.v. Dashed. V. Rasch. WiaiL 
RACE, Sb 1. A current V. Raiss. 
52. The current which turns a miU, S. B, 
Zaw Case, 
S. The train of historical narration. 

R. Bruce, 

RACE, #. Course at sea. Douglas. 

Su. G. resot id. Belg. reifs, a voyage. 

RACHE, (hard), s. A dog that discovera 

and pursues his prey by the scent 

IsL racke, canis sagaz, L.B. rachas 
Norm, raccke, id. 
RACHE, Houlate. V. Raith. 
RACHLIE, (gutt) a«y. Dirty and dis- 
orderly, &B. 

IsL hraJdeg-r, incomtns, male habitus. 
RACHLIN, at^j. 1. Unsettled, hare- 
brained, &B. 
2. Noisy, clamorous^ S.B. 

Su.G. rag^ hue illuclerri; IsL ra- 
gaUnn, perrend delirans. 
RACK, «. A frame fixed to the wall, fyt 
holding platsi^ &c. S, 

RACK (of a mill), i. A piece of wood 
used for the purpose of feeding a miU. 
RACKABIMUS, s. A sudden or unex- 
pected stroke or fall, Ang. 
Rash, fearless, S. Bumu 

lal. rack^, strenuus, arduus. 
Rackkxt-hamdit, o^;'. Cardess; rash, S. 
corr. racklesS'handed. GU Shirrm 

RACKET, s. A dress frock, Loth. 

Stt.G. rockcf Aim. roket^ Fr. rocket , 
RACKET, s. A smart stroke, S. 


IsL hreck^ia, propellere ; Belg. rack', 

eu, to hit 

RACKLE, i. A chain, &B. 

BACKLESS, a^/. R^jardless, & O.E. 

V. Rak, s. £elly. 

RACKLIGENCE, «. Chance^ acddentt 

S.B. Boss* 

RACKMEREESLE, adv. Higgledy. 

piggeldy. Fife. Perths. 
RACKSTICK, s. A stick used for twist- 
ing ropes, S. from E. rack, to extend. 
To RACUNNYS^ v. a. To recognise in 
a juridical sense. Wallace, 

L.B. recognoscere, 
RAD, RADE, RED, a4j. Afraid; 
Clydes. Dumfr. Barbour. 

Su.G. foed-oj, raddrOt terreo, timeo ; 
Su.G. raedd, Dan. raed, red, afraid. 
lUnsoum, RsDooua, s. Fear. WaOace, 

RADMMSb Si Fear, timidity. - BarbmtrB 
RAD, «. CouomL V. Rm. 


RADDMAN, t. A counsellor, Orkney. 



bemence» violence. Dou^t. 

2. Rigour, severity. Wyniown. 

O.Fr. rador^ the same ^tb rwieuTj 
RADE, RAID, «. An invasion, an at- 
tack by violence. Wyntowfu 
A.S. radi rode, invasio, incursio. 
RADE, RAID, s. A road for ships. 

Fr. fade, Belg. rede, Su.G. redd, id. 
RADE, adv. Rather. V. Rath. 


To RADOTE, V. ta To rave* particubur- 

ly in sleep. Fr. radot^er. BureL 

To RADOUN, t«. n. To return. WaUaee. 

Fr. redond-er, to return. 
RAE, WRAE, «. An indosure for cat- 
tle, S.B. 

IsL rCf aecessus domus; latibuluni. 
RAE, c A roe. V. Ra. 
RAF. In raf, quickly. 

So. G* rapp, dtus ; rafsa, celeriter. 
RAFF, s. Plenty, abundance^ &B. Rots. 
A.S. reaf, spolia; rhav, diffb- 
RAFF, s. A flying shower, Ang. 

Su. G. raff a, celeriter auferre. 
RAFFAN, ac{j. Merry, roving. Banuay. 

Id. rttf-a, vagari. 

R AFFEL, t. Doe^in. Chr. Kirk. 

From ra, roe, a roe, and^eff, a skin. 

To RAG, V. a. To rally, to reproach, S. 

Isl. raeg'C, Alem. ruag'-en, to accuse. 

3b RAGGLE, v, a. I. To ruflSe the ikin, 

2. In arcbitectnre, to jagg^ to groove, S. 
C.B. rkugf'ow, to rub, to chafe ; at- 
terere, Davies; rhy^-o, to rub, to fret; 
Lhoyd : alio, to groove, striare. 
RAGMAN, RAGMENT, s. 1. A long 
piece of writing. IFyntown, 

S. A ibapsody. Douglas, 

5. An account, in order to a settlement 
Ital. ragumamenio, a discoufse. 
RAGMAN'S ROW, or ROLL, a col- 
lection of those deeds by which the no- 


biltty and gentry of Scotland y 

strained to subscribe allegiance to Ed- 

waid I. of EngUnd, A. IS96. Budd. 

Isl. raeg-a^ to accuse, raege, an aocii- 

ser ; hence the devil is caUed Bagemanw 

P. Plougfam. 

RAGWEED, t. Ragwort, S. Bums. 

To RAY, V. a. To array. Wattace* 

Rat, «. Military arrangement /f • 

RAT, «. Uncertain. Dougjtas* 

Su.G. ra^ Isl. raege, daemon. 
RAY, REE, a4;. Mad, wild. V. Ree. 

RAYAYT, Barbour. L. ryotyi, rioted. 
RAID, s. An Inroad, a V. fUns. 
RAID, f. A road for ships. V. Rabb. 
RAYEN, RAYON, «. A Ay. Sume. 

Fr. rayofit id. 
RAIF, part, pa. Rent Pa/. Hemm 

Su. G. rifwa, to rivew 
RAIF, t. Robbery. Compiayni S, 

A. S. reaf, spolia ; reaf'iam, to rob. 
To RAIF, V. ti. To rave. Dougfau 

Belg. rev-ent Fr. resv-er. 
V. n. 1. To range, S. DoMglaa. 

2. To move expeditiously, S. Sir Gotsmu 

3. To raiJt on raw, to march in order. 


4. To be copious in discoune. />vii&er. 
Su. G. rek-a, to roam ; roi^-o, to go 

Raik, Ratk, Rakc s, 1. The extent of a 
course or walk, S. Hence, ske^^raitp 
and catUe-raik, S. Wyntomn. 

5. A swift pace. Boss* 
ff . The act of carrying from one pbce 
to another, S. Henrysome* 

4. The extent of fishing ground, S.B. 


5. Tongue-raik, elocution, flow of lan- 
guage, S.B. 

RAIK, RAK, RACK, s. Care, rec&oo. 

ing. Quhat raik f what do I eare for it ? 

8. Lyndsay* 

A.S. recce, cure, O.E. reck. 

RAIL, «. A woman's jacket, S.B. GUSOb. 

Belg. ryglyfi a boddlce stays. 
To RAILL, tun. To jest Bwrel. 

Fr. raUl^er, id. 


RiaTiAm, f. A jester. Dougat* 

RAIN GOOSE, the red-tbrotted dWer, 

■uppoaed to prognorticate ram, Caithn. 

Stat, Ace. 

rayne;«. v. rak*. 

RAING, «. Row. V. Ravo; 
T» Raino, o. n. 1. To rank up» 8. 

9. To follow in a line, &B. 
RAIP, $, 1. A rope, S. Douglat. 

M oea. G. raip, A. S. rope, id* 
S. A rood ; or six elk in length. Skene, 
So. G. rep'O, to measure by a line. 
RAIRtS. Aroar. V. RxaiL 
To RAISE, RAIZE, v. a. 1. To exdte, 
S. Burnt. 

2. To madden ; raited, delirious, S. 

Alem. roik-en, iiritare ; Su. G. rM-«, 
RAISE.NET FISHING, allowing the 
lower part of the net to rise and float 
with the flowing tide, and to fall down 
with the ebb» Dumfr. Stat. JcCk 

strong current in the sea, S. Barbour, 
Teut rae$% acstuarium. 
RAITH. REATH, «. Ihe fourth part 
of a year, 8. Bou. 

Gael, ratha, railhe, id. ; So. G. ret, Isl. 
reit-r, quadratom quodvis. 
RAITH, RAITH, atfj. 1* Sudden, quick. 
A.8.kraeth, celer, IsL hradr, promp- 

2. Ready, prepared. Dougfas. 

Rarh, oc/v. Quickly. A. S. rath, id. Doug, 
RAIVEL, f. A rail, 8. Fr. verre-wl, id. 
To RAK, 9. a. To reach. Montgomerie. 

. A.S. raee-an, Su.G. raeck-^ id. 
To RAK, REK, v, a. To regard, i^oiig. 

A. S. reckon, Isl. raek^ia, curare. 
Rax, f. Care. V. Raix. 
thick mist or fog, S. Douglas, 

Isl. rak'Ur, humidus; Teut roock, Tai> 
RAK, RAWK, s. The rheum which dis- 
tib from the eyes during sleep, S. B. 
JsL hraki njectaneum quid. Budd, 


RAK, RAWK, t. The greenidi aeiim ob 
stagnated water, S.B. Buddiman. 

RACK, s. A shock; a blow. Douglas, 
IsL rdt-a, kreck-ia^ propellere, qu»- 
RAK-SAUCH, t. A reproachful term; 
q. applied to one who deserves to rack, 
or stretchy a withy. Dunbar. 

RAKE. L.i0raie, wreck. Sir Tristretn. 
RAKE, f. A swift pace. V. Raik. 
R AKYNG, part,pr. Perhq;» wandering. 
RAKKET, ff. Uncertain. Bannaiyne F^ 
RAKLESS, a4j. Careless, rash, S. 

A.S. recceleaSf id. 
Raklxsux, adv. Unwittingly. Lyndaay, 
To RALE, V, n. To spring, to gush forth. 
IsL ryUt rims taciti labens. Doug, 
To RALEIFF, ». n. To rally. WaUace. 
RALIS, s. pi. Nets. Douglas, 

Franc regU, vectis, obex. 
RALLION, 1. Clattering, noise, &B. 
Isl. ra^i-Ot incedere ; ragjl, greasua. 
RAMAGIECHAN, s. EzpL a large 
raw-boned person, speaking and acting 
heedlessly, Ang. 
7o RAMBARRE, v. a. Torepulse; Fr. 
rembarr-er, id. Godser^ 

To RAME, V. fi. To shout, to roar, &B. 
A.S. kream^nt Su.G. nram-o, da* 
Ramx, f. a cry ; especially as denoting 

reiteration of the same sound, S. 
Ramtko, s. a loud cry. Douglas, 

R AMEDE, «. Remedy ; Fr. remede, 


RAMFEEZLED, jiorf. at{i. Fatigued, 

exhausted, S. Bums. 

Teut mmme, aries^ an^/vlffZ-en, agU 


RAMFORSIT, ;iarr. pa. Crammed. 

JV. Bmme. 

RAMGUNSHOCH, adj. Rugged. KeUy, 

IftL ram-r, fortts, and ^niit, rir pqg- 


RAMMASCHE, adj. Collected; Fr. 

rammasai. Complaynt & 

RAMMEKINS^ i. A dish made of iggip 



cbMse, Mid crumbs of bread, mixed In 
the manner of m pudding. G/« Sibb, 
FUndr. rammekin, panis escharites. 
RAMMEL, RAM EL, t. Small branches. 
Fr. ramiUeSf id. BureL 

Raumel, a<(;. 1. Branchy; Fr.ramiU^. 
ComphyrU & 
2. Rank, applied to straw, S.B. 
RAMMEL, RAMBLE, s. Mixed grain, 
S. Staiist. Ace* 

Teut rammel-en, tumultuarL 
RAMMER, s. A ramrod, & 
To RAMMIS, V. n. To be driven about 
under the impulse of any powerful ap- 
petite, S. B. 

Alem. romueh ^fherdt equus salax. 
IXaumuft, part,a4lj. Raging. JBdlenden^ 
To RAMORD, v. n. V. Remoho. 
To RAMP, V. n. 1. To be rompish, S. 
22, To rage. WaOace. 

A.S. rempend, praeceps. 
Rucr, at{j. 1. Riotous. Fountainhalh 
S. Vehement, violent, ^& Pennecuik. 
To RAMI ^ *•. n. Applied to milk when 
it becomes ropy, & B. 
Fr. ramp^er, to climb. 
2n> RAMP, e. a. To trample. GL Sibb. 
To RAMPAGE, o. n..To prance about 
with fury, S. Boa, 

Mam, and pange ; q. to prance like a 
RAMPAR EEL, a lamprey, S. 

SiaHti, Ace* 
RAMPS, #. pL A species of garlick. Loth. 

Sw. roffM, id. 
RAM-RAIS^ RAM-RACE, i. The act 
of running in a precipitous manner, 
with the head inclined downwards, S. 
Teut ramey~en, arictare. Douglas. 
RAMSH, o^;. 1. Strongs robust, &B. 
Su. G. ram, IsL ramm-'Ur, id. 
S. LaadTiotts, saladous, 8. 

Teut ramm-en, salire; Alem. ro- 
snifcA, salai. 
Z* Hanh to die taste, &B. 

Nonr. romms, rank ; IsL rammr, bit- 
RAM-STAM,0(^. ForwaidythooghtlcM, 


RaM-sxAX, adv. Precipitately, S. 

Sam, and staemm^, tendcre. 

RAMUKLOCH. To$iHgramuUock,to 

cry. Bannatyne Poewiu 

Gael, ra, denoting motion, muiek, 

sadness, and loch, dark, or laoi, day ; ^ 

" deep sorrow," or *' the day of i 

To RANGE, V. a. To prop with stakes, &. 
Su.G. raenn-af to fasten a door with 
a stake. 
Rancx, s. 1. a wooden prop, S. 
9. The cross bar which joins the lower 
part of the frame of a chair together* 

3. The cornice of a wooden bed, S. 
Su.G. ren, a stake 
RANDER, «. Order, S.B. iKoMu 

Su. G. ratui, margo, linea, pL roiukr* 
RANDERS, 1. pL 1. Idle rumonn, & 
3. Idle conversation, S. 

Fland. rand-en, delirare, nugari. 
A beggar who exacts alms by threaten* 
ing language^ S. Bitson^ 

S. A scdd, S. 

Su.G. rail, spoil, and timf, a thief; 
Gael ranniaich, a songster. 
Ravst, a^j. Quarrelsome, scolding, 8. 

RANDOUN,!. Swift mou'on. Barbour. 
Fr. randon, the force of • violcDt 

To Ravdov, 11. H. To flow swiftly in a 
straight line. Gatoan and GoL 

Fr. randonn-cr, id. 

1. Tedious idle talk. Wyniowiu 

S. Metrical jargon. Doughom 

3. A frequent repetition of the sam« 
sound. Houlate. 

Germ, raunt an incantation. IsU 
rwM, sermo non intermissus. 

To Rakb, v. o. To cry the same thing ofcr 
and over, &0. raime, Ang. Douglas, 

RANEGALD, atff. ActingasamM^oda* 

RANG, RAING, t. A row, a tank, 


Fr. rang, id. Sw. rang, CB. rhenge, 
ordOf series. 
RANG,pr<tf. Reigned, S. Garden, 

G ALD, RANG AT, t. 1. The rabble. 
S, A crowd, a mob, S. B. Dou^Uu* 

3. Anarchy, disorder. Dunbar. 

IsL Anningf, strepitus ; or ran, rapi- 
na, and g^d, societas. 
RANGE, s. I. A company of hunters. 
Fr. rang, rangSe, a row. Douglas. 
S. The van of an army. Wallace. 

RANK, a^. 1. Strong, able-bodied. 

S. Harsh ; applied to the voice. Doug, 
RANNOK FLOCK, a species of floun- 
der. Perhaps for Bannock. Sibbald. 
som. Fr. ranson, id. Wallace. 
To RANTER, v. a. 1. To sow a seam 
across neatly, S. Fr. rentraire, id. 
2. To darn in a coarse manner, Ang. 
RANTY-TANTY, i. A weed which 
grows among com with a reddish leaf, 
&B. RitMon. 
$. 1. The beam which extends across a 
chimney, on which the crook is suspends 
ed, S. Bau'iree, Fife. Joum.Lond, 

Sw. rundel, a round building. 
2. The end of a rafter or beam. Gl. Shirr. 
Su. G. rand, extremity, and tUia, A. S. 
ihil, a joist. 
9. A tali nw-boned person, S. A. 

RANTREE, j. V. Rountkm. 
RAP, RAPE,f. A rope. V. Rait. 
To RAP, V. n. To fall in quick succes- 
sion. Boss* 
Su. G. rap^, praeceps ruo, procido. 
RAP, I. 1. A cheat, an impostor, S. 
S. A counterfeit coin; a mere rap, S. 
Su. G. rapp'a, yi ad se protrahere. 
RAP, s. In a rap, immediately, S. Boss. 

Su.G« rapp, Belg. rap, quick. 
To Rap affn thing, to do it expedltioualyy 

To Rat forth, or out, «. a. To throw oat 
forcibly* Douglas. 


Ram, adth Hastily. ifontgomerie. 

RAPEGYRNE, s. The name anciently 
given to the little figure made of the 
last handful of grain cut on the harvest 
field, now called the Maiden. Fordun. 
Su.G. rep^, to reap ; and gerna, 
greedily ; Isl. gim-a, cupere ; q. what 
is reaped with great eagerness. 
LOCK, REPLOCH, s. Coarse wool- 
len cloth, homespun, and not dyed, S. 
Su. G. rep^a, vellere, ModUck, cirras ; 
q. the lock of wool, as plucked firom the 

Ravloch, aef}. Coarse. Bums, 

To RAPPLE up, V. a. To do work in a 
hurried and imperfect nuumer, &B. 
Isl. hrap-a, festinare. 
To RARE, RAIR, «.n. To roar. 

A. S. rar-an. Id. Wyntovnu 

RAax, Rua, «. I. A roar. Lyndsay. 

S. A loud report of any kind, SL 
To RAS, 0. a. To raise. Wynioum. 

'To RASCH, v. a. To dash, to beat. 

Isl, rask-a, firangere. BeUenden. 

Rascb, s. I. Dash, collision. Douglas* 

S. The clashing of arms. Douglau 

A. S. hraes, impetus. 

To RASCH, RASHE, v. n. To maka 

any forcible exertion, to rush, S. A. 

A. S. raes-an, to rush. 
RASCH, RASH, a<{;. Agile, active^ Loth. 

Su. G. rask, celer, promtus. 
RASCH, RASH, «. A rush, S. 

A. S. resc, juncus. Complaynt 8. 

Raschxv, Rasusk, adlj. Made of rushes^ 
S.B. Statist. Ace. 

Rasht, a^. Covered with rushes, S. 

To RASE out, 0. a« To pluck. Doujfas* 
Germ, reiss-en, Alem. rat-en, npere. 
RASIT, /Mrf./Hi. Abashed. 

Gawan and Golt 
Isl. rask'a, perturbare. 
RASPS, «./!/. Raspberries, & 
RASSE, 1. A current V. Raxss. 
RAT,!. 1. A scratch, S. 
2. Metaph. a wrinkle. Doughs* 



5. A rut; cart-rat, S.B« 

Teut reUt indsun; Su.G. rtUta, m 
' path. 
To Rat, Ratt, t*. a. 1. To acratcb, a 

52. To make deep ruts, S. Buddiman, 
RAT, #. A wart. & V. WaAx. 
RATCH, f. Tbelockof amitfket CobnL 
RATCH, «. The little auk, Orkn. ; roich^ 
ShetL; Botges, Martin. NciiL 

RATCHEL, f. A baid rockj crust be- 
low tbe soil, S. Fr. rochaUle, locks. 
RATH.04;. Quick. V. Raith, 
RATH, Oil}. Strange, «aTiige in appear- 
ance. A. S.retAtf, savage. Htmlate* 
RATIHABITION,*. ConBrroation; a 
forensic term, S. L.B. ratihabition id. 
RATT, RATTE, s. A file of soldiers. 

Germ, rat, series ; Dan. redi a file. 
RATTLESCULL, i. Qne wbo talks 
much without thinking, S. Shineft. 
RATT RIME, «. Any thing metrical re- 
peated bj rot^ S. Dou^Uu, 
£. roUi I<1* rot'Of circumagere. 
RATTS, 1. jit A wheel on which crimi- 
nals are set, after being put to death. 
Belg. op em rod gexet, set upon a 
BATTON, I. A rat^ a J^dleiuien. 

Gael, radan, Hisp. rolon, id. 
RAUCHAN, s. A plaid worn by men, & 

Gael, riachan, any thing grey. 
RAUCHT, prei. v. Reached. Doug^ 

A. a rachte, porrigebat. 
RAUCHTIR,s. Perh.arake. J)unbar. 

GaeL raeaire, id. 
7h RAVE, V. fl. To take by riolence. 

A. a rrf-an, id. Piticotiie* 

RAVE, f . A yague report, a B. 

Fr. reve, a dream, Teut. rev^en, deli- 
RAVELLED, ji raveffd hesp, a trouble- 
some or intricate business, a JTei/y. 
To red a ravelTd keip, to engage in any 
perplexed business, attended with diffi- 
culty, a Boss. 
RAVERY, s. Delirium. Wodrow. 
Fr. resverkt id. 


RAUGHT, «. The act of reaching^ &B. 
A. a raec-an, to reach. Jourtu Lomdm 
RAUCLE, a4j. Rash. V. Racui. 
RAVIN, adj. Rayenous. JT. Qicatr* 

RAUISANTtpari.jir. Violent 

Fr. ranssani, id. OompUq^mi & 

RAUN, RAy^N, s. 9oe of fish, a 

Dan. raim, Teut. rogekf id. JT. /a. FX 
Raunbb, s. The female salmon, whidi has 

the roe. Loth, a A. 
RAUNa i*pl* Tbe beard of barley, aOL 
CB. rkawn, long or coarse hair» 
To RAUNG, V. n. To range, itorftoioc. 

Sw. rang, ordo. 
RAW, a^ 1. Damp and chill, a 
Su.G. raa, madidu^ 
S. Unmixed ; as raw spirits, spirita not 
diluted, a Su.G. raa, crudus. 
RAW, I. 1. Arow,a rank, a Dougfau 
A. a raewa, id. 
S. A kind of street. V. Raw. 
S. ParaUel ridges, aB. Barney, 

BA^MOUD, adj. Bcaidless, simply; 
q. rauh-movihed. Ketsnedym 

To RAX, V. ft. 1. To extend the limb^i & 
JfmHr. Bvfdm 
S. To make eflTorts to attain. Bamuay. 
Rax, s. The act of stretchin|^ a JforisMu 

A.Bor. wnup, id. 
Raxss, upl. Andirons, a itoauoy. 

READ FISH. V. Run Fiscux. 
READILY, adv. Probably. BaiBie. 

RE AKE, REAK, «. A trick, a prank, 
aA. Z.Bo^ 

To flatf reakes, to play tricks. 
Isl. hreek'r, dolus ; nequitia. 
REALS, a4f. |loyal. O.Fr. Wyntawtu 
RzALTx', RxAWTxf, Rtawtk', s.1. Roya^ 
ty. Wyntowm^ 

S. Royal retinue. Wyniawm. 

REAM, REYME, s. Cieam, a 

A. a ream, Isl. riome, id. 
To Ream, v. a. To cream, a 

Germ. roAfn-tfn, id. 
7b Rkajc, Rncx, v. n. 1. To be creamed^ 
a JSesa. 

2. To froth, a Dougfa^ 


REASON, «. Right Justice. JSaWU. 
R£AV£L-RAV£L, #. A rhapsody. 

Belg. revel-tn, to rave, to talk idly. 
REAVER, «. Robber. V. Rxyivab. 
REAWS, f. pi* Royal penooagea. 

O. Fr. rtaiUx, id. fTyntown, 

To RE BET. 0. a. To abate. ActgJa.IT. 

Fr. reiyattre, id. 
REBALD, 1. A low worthless fellow; 

Fr. ribauld, Kennedy, 

RxBALDALK, «. The rabble. Barbour* 

O. Fr. ribaudaUle, canaille. 
Rkialdik, RyaaALOT, f. Vulgarity of con« 
▼arsatioD. jBarbour* 

O. FV. ribaudie, Hbertinage. 
REBAT, f. Cape of a mantle. JFaUon, 

Fr. rvte^ id. 
R£BAWKIT,/;r(?f. o. Rebuked. 

REBBIT, f. A polished stone fhr a win- 
dow, door, or comer, S. ; rtybit, Lanerks. 
O.Fr. rabot-ir, uxor, pqUr* 
To REBET, V. n. To make a lenewed 
attack. WaOace. 

Fr. rabai're, to draw back again. 
REBOURIS. Jt rfbovris, adv. Cross, 
quite oootrary ta j^arftoicr. 

O.Fr. d rebours, id. 
1. To repulse. Douglat. 

S. To Tvbuke, to taunt. WaUace. 

Fr. rtbul-er is used in both senses. 
RxsuTE, f . A repulse. J}oHgfas. 

IIECHAS, s. A call to drive back the 
8«m«* Sir Gawan. 

Fr. rechau'er, to repel. 
RECK, J. Course, tract, border. 

Teut. reck-€%t tendere. Fennant. 
RECORDOUR, «. A wind instrument. 
To RECOUNTIR, s. To eqcpiinter. 

To RECULE, t. IS. To recoil. Doug. 

Fr. read-er, id. 
RECURE, s. Redress, remedy. 

Fr. recour$t id. 
To R£;D, V, ft. To suppose, to guesi^ & B. 
GU Shirr. 
A. & raedran, to conjectttrei to diTine* 


3b RED, REDE, v. a. To counsel, S. 

A. S. raed'-an, Isl. rad*a, id. RiUon, 
Reds, Rbids, Rad, j. Counsel, & Bums. 
Will op ekdi, destitute of oounseL 

A.S. Teut raed, IsL nui, id. 
RxDx, a4j. Aware, Fife. A. Dougla*. 

Rkdlks, a4/. In a confused state. WaUace. 

A-S. raed-ieas, pracceps. 
7o REDE, r. a. To determine one*s ftte. 
A.S raed-an, deceraere. Moukue. 
Reid, 1, Fate, lot Pa/. JTon. 

To RED, REDE, READ, v. a. To ex- 
plain; as, to red a riddle^ or a dream^ 
S. iUmilr. J?ord. 

Su. G. raad-at red^t interpietari. 
To REDE, REID, v. n. To discourse. 
Isl. Su.6. ra«d^, lpq<||. ^rbour. 
Rede, s. 1. Voice. WaUace. 

2. Religioua service. Houlaie. 

Isl. roMU, vox ; ra€«fa, scrmo. 
To RED, V. a. To disentapgle ; as, to red 
a raveW4 hesp, to vmraTpl yam that ia 
disordered ; to vedd, South E. id. Doug. 
7b red tike head, or hair, to comb out 
the hair, a 

Su.G. redo, explicate, is used in both 
these senses. 
To RED, REDD, REDE, RID, o. a. 

1. To clear, to put in order ; aa, to red 
the road, to clear the way ; to red up 
one*« self, to dren ; to red ftp a housf , 
to put it in order ; to ted m^^reheSf to fix 
boundaries^ a]sa» to compose difierences, 
S« Wyntown. 

2. To part combatants; also, to red a 
pley^ to settle a broil, & Chr. Ktr^. 

RBADBa, RiDDza, s. 1. One who endea* 
▼ours to settle a diqiute. BaiUif. 

2. One who settles a dispute by force of 
arms. Monro, 

A.S. ge-rotfd-ian, Su^Q. redMi, pa- 

Red, Redd, s. 1. Cleeiance. WaUace. 

2. Order, £L IsL raud, id. 
S. Rubbish, S. V. Outeedd. 

RxD» REon,|»orf. a<(;. 1. Put in Ofder, S. 
A.S. hraed, paratus. 

2. UsedasE.9vady, S.B. 

3. Distinct ; opposed to confusion, S. B. 



RxDonrc-sEEAiK, fl. The stroke wludi one 

often reoeivet in attempting to separate 

tbose who are fighting, & !!<%• 

RsDsxAK, i. One idio dean away lub- 

biah, Loth. 
To RED, IP. a. 1. To disencumber, £. 
rid. Xnoat. 

S. To rescne from destruction. 


9. Denoting tiie act of persons who ra- 

more from a place. Xeith. 

Su.G« raedd-a, A.Si hredd-an, libe- 


Red^ «. Riddance. Makiand P. 

To RED, o. a. To orerpower. Barbour, 

A« o. fti0a-<ifi, T^gerew 
RED, a^. Afraid. V. Rad. Bums. 
RxDDOua, «. Dread. Douglas. 

RED, REDD, «. 1. Spawn, & 

C.B. rhid, rkUhf sperma; rhid-io, 

2. Hie place in which salmon or odier 
fish deposit their spawn, S. A. 
To Rrs o. n. To spawn, S. 
To REDACT, v. a. To reduce. 

Lat redact-us* Spoiswood* 


charr, S.B. Stttt.Jcc* 

REDCAP, s. A name given by the tuU 

gar to a domestic spirit, SL A. 

Himstr, Bord» 
REDE, <u(;. Fierce, fbrious. Wallace, 

A. S. retht feroz, saevus. 
REDE, 8. A being, i^iparently of the fai- 
ry kind, S. A. Gl. CmpU 
Isl. rad, a demon or genius. 
To REDY, V. o. To make ready. 

Decked, beautiful. Douglas. 

Lat. redimit'us, crowned. 
RED LAND, ground turned up by the 

plough, & 
RED.SHANK, s. A nick-name for a 
Highlander, from his bare legs. Colvii. 
RED- WARE, 5. Sea-girdles, S. KeUl. 
RED.WARE COD, AseUusvarius. 


RED-WARE FISHICK, the whistl©. 

fish, Otkn. Barry. 


RED WATER, Hie mnmin in cald^ 

S. JSst. HighL Soe, 

REE, s. 1. Half drunk, S. R. Galloway 

9. Crssy, delirious, S, 
Isl. hreif-r, eUtus, ebrius. 
REE, s. A small riddle, S.O. d. S*. 
To REED, REDE, e. o. To lear. V. 

Rkxd, coi^. Lest, S.B. 
REEFORT, RYFART, s. A ladisfa, S» 
Fr. raifort, strong radish. SUmu 
REEFir, a4f. Rueful, &B. Botu 

REEGH, s. A harbour. Loth. 
To REEK, V, a. V. Rbik out. 
REEK HEN, perhaps a hen fed in the 

house. Stat. Aec. 

REEKIM, s. A smart stnAe, Fifeu 
REEL, REILL,«. 1. Violent or diior. 

derly motion, S. Guihwie* 

S. A particuUvkindof danoe^ S. Budd. 

9. Bustle, hurry. DiaUog. 

4. A loud sharp noise, S. 

IsL ryUa, to be blended; Su.G.n^i-«» 

to stagger. 
REEL-RALL, adv. Topsy-turvy, & 
REEL-TREE, s. The piece of wood to 

which the top of a stake u fixed, in an 

ox's stall, Fife. Bevel-4ree, Border. 
To REESE, V. a. To extoL V. Russ. 
REESIN, aty. A reesin Jbre, one that 

bnms weU, S. Teut raes-en, to bum. 
REESK, s. 1 . Coarse grass that grows on 

downs, Fife. A.S. rise, arush. 


8. Waste land, yielding only bcn^ 

grasses, Aberd. 

5. A marshy place, Aug. V. Rxna. 
To REEVE, V. n. I. To talk with great 

▼ivacity, & Teut. reth-en, deUrBre. 

2. A reevin wind, a high wind, S. 
REEVE^ff. A pen for cattle^ Aberd. V. 

Rab. Xmw Case. 

REEZIE, (m(;. Tipsy, a A. V. Rbb. 

To REFE, V. a. To rob. V. Rxir. 
REFECKITt part. pa. Repaired. 

O.Fr. rtfaict, id. Wallace. 

REFEIR. To the r^ir. adv. In pro. 

portion, S. O.Fr. rqffiert, conTicnL 


IlEFF, ». Bpml V. Bxr, 

REFUT, «. Shin, expedient. tFailace, 

Fnr^ftiiie, evAsion, avofdance. 
REGENT, I. A profiBHor in an unifent- 
tj, S. Stat. Ace. 

Ij,B.regenti Fr. regent, id. 
reinstate ; a law term. Skene, 

REHATOURE, «. Uncertain. Dougiat. 
Tq REHETE, v. o. To rtinfe, to cheer; 
Fr. rehait'^. Gawau and Gd, 

REID, REDE, t. The fourth stomach of 
A calf, used for ninnety S. M&nro, 

Teut. roode, id. a rubedme dictuf. 
To REID, 9.91. Toditooune. V.Rms, v. 
REID, a<(f. Red, & B. :Barbour. 

Reio HANS, a legal phnie^ denoting that 
one la taken in the act of commltUng a 
crime, or immediately after. Quon. Ati, 
RxiD necHS, Fish iu a sfiawning state, & 
V. RsoarAwv. AcUJa.L 

REIDSETT, a^. Pbu»d in order. 


A. S. ge-rad sett-^nt in ordine ponere. 

REID-WOD, RED WOD, 04^ 1. In a 

violent rage, S. Monigomerie. 

2. Furiouib distracted. ffamilton. 

Isl. reid-ur, iratus ; reide, ira. 

BEIF, REFE, e. 1. An eruption on the 

skin, 8. 

2. Hie itch 1% 6y teay of eminence, call- 
ed the reif, S. A.S. hreof, scabies. 
To REIFE, REYFF, o. a. To rob. 

A,S. reqf'ian, IsL hre^f-a, id. 
Rjur, Rurr, Rsrr, «. 1. Robbery. 

JcUJa, VI. 
2. Spoil, plunder. Barhour. 

A.S. renfi IsL W/) rspina. 
RKTFFAm, Rkatxa, Rbobe, s. a robber. 

A.8, reafere, Su. G. ro^flffttre, id. 
To RE IK, o. a. To reach, S. JDougfat. 

Belg. Teyck'en, A.S. rrcc-^n, id. 
To REIK tfiif, V. a. 1. To fit out, S.; al- 
so reekfoorth, R, Bruce. 

2. To dress, to accoutre. 

E. r^; Sw, n*t.a, Moei.G. rUit^ni 


To REIK, o. n. To imoke^ & 

A.S. rec-an, Sw. roek-^t, id. 
RuK, Rebk, 1. 1. Smoke, S. Contp^ 8. 
2. A disturbance, a tunmlt. I^fndtaym 
A reik in the house, & id. JSbB$. 

A.&fvc, IsL reiiiT, id. 
RaiKit^ aiy. 1. Smoky* S. 

2. Vain, empty. Z. B^sfd* 

To REYKE, V. n. To range. V. lUis, 
REIK, (. A blow, S. GL Sibh^ 

To REILE, RELE, v. n. To roU. 

IsL riU^a, Tolutare. J)ougiaM. 

REILING, «. 1. BusUe. PebUt i>%, 

2. A loud clattering noise, & V. Ribi> 


REIME, s. Realm. Gawan and Got. 


IsL rym-ia, to bellow or roar. Rotu 
To REIOSE, V. a. To posseas. BeUenden. 
REIRBRASSERIS, «. pL Annoor fov 
the back of the arms* Acts Jo. £ 

Fr. arriere, behind, and brattart^ a 
defence for the arm. 
To REIRD, RERDE, v,n. 1. Tomake 
a loud noise. JDouf^oi, 

2. To break wind, & 
9. To make a crashing noise. Don^oi, 
A.& fOT'tan, Teut. reer^'en, firemere* 
Rbibj), Rxaos, «. 1. Noiae^ shouting. 


2. The act of breaking wind, S. 

3. A falsehood , a gasoonadeb S.B. 
REIRDIT,/iarf.jM(. Reared. 

Gawanand GoL 
REYSS, Coarse grasa In marshy 
ground, or on the sea-shore. V. 
Rkbsk. Wallace^ 

To REISSIL^ «. ft. To make a loud clat- 
tering noise, & 

Teut ryisd-en, A.S. hrittl-an, cre« 
To Rnssii, RistLSi v, a. To beat soundly. 
Su. G. rit'-a, Tirgia caedere. Rudd. 
Rnssit, j^ 1. A loud clattering noise, S. 

2. A blow, a stroke, S. 
To REIST, v.a. To dry by the heat of 
the sun, or in a chimney, S. Dunbar. 
DasL rist-er, to broil or toast 
To REIST, V. n. 1. To wait ibr another. 
Lat rett'Ore, id. Douglas. 


8. To become mtiye, S. Bttrrn. 

9. Applied to the dryiog up of a welL 

Pop. BaU. 

HEIST, t. Rest. JDouglas, 

HEIST, RETST, i. I. The socket in 

Tvhich the bolt of e door resti. Douglas, 

0. The hinge of a door. GL Sibb, 

9. The fupport of a warlike instrument. 


To RELE, V. N. To folL V. Reiu. 

To RELEISCH, v.n. Togo at large. 

Fr. relatch'er, to enlarge. DougUu* 
Tq RELEVE, v. n. To aise» to exalt ; 
Fr. rOeiher. Wyntounu 

To RELEVE, v. n. To resemble, 

Fr. rtiev^er, coUigere. Wallace. 

To RELY, V. a. To rally. Bairhouir. 

To REME, V. n. To foam. V. Rkaic 
To REMEID, V. a. To remedy. Baillie. 
REMEMBRIE,s. Remembrance. BuireL 
To REMENT, v. a. To remember. Burd^ 

Fr. ramentcvoir, id. 
REM YLLIS, t. pi. Blows. Houlate. 
Teut rammel'enf Su.O. ram^tii- 
To REMORD, v. a. 1. To have remorse 
lor; Fr. remerrf-re. Wallace. 

S. To diiburden the conscience. Wallace, 
RUN-DALE, s. A division of land, 
equivalent to rau'-rig, & SkatiU. Jlcc, 
Su.G. mi» palus Iimitaneu% and ddt 
a division. 
To RENDER, v. a. To beat butter, Ayrs. 

V. RiKD. 

To RENG, RING, v. n. To reign. Dwg. 

To RENTE, V. a. To rein. Cof^playni S. 

Hemti^ i. A rein $ Fr. retne, I}ougfaf. 

RENYIT,/Niyf.|M. Forworn. Barbour. 
Fr. reni^, id. 

RENK, RYNK, RINK. s. I. A course, 
a race; also rrii^ GL Shiir. Douglae. 
2, The act of running. BeUendeju 

S. The course of a river. Douglas. 

4. Station allotted to each party at the 
commencement of a tournament. Wyni. 

5. A distinct encounter in a tournament 


6. The course in the diversion of curl- 
ing, S, A* A. S. hrincgt a rii\g, Davidson, 


RENK, s. A strong man. V. Rm. 

Gawanand Gel* 
RENOMME', s. Renown, Fr. Barbour. 
RENTAL^ s. A fisvourabU lease, S. 


REPAIR, I. Oonooorae^ S. PriesU Ptb. 

To REPAYRE, v, n. To return ; O.Fr. 

repoir^er. Wynioem* 

To REPARELLk v. a. To refit; Fr. 

repareiU-er. Damglau 

To REPATER, v.ii. To feed; Fr.rv- 

paitre, 2>Mig<aa. 

REPENDS, pori. o^ Dsipflffaed ; Fk. 

rtpand'U. WatUce* 


replevin ; a forensic tenn. BeUemden. 

L. B. repleg'iartf to rcdeeaa iUtpUdge^ 

2b REPLEID, ti. a. To resist. 

L.B. replauA-aref lepukare. 
REPLOCH GRAY. V. Raiti^ck. 
2b REPONE, v.a. To replace. JSaiBk. 

LaL repon^o. 
To REPOSE, 0.0. Same vritfa ibpoae. 


To REPREME, v. a. To rqpren; Lat. 

reprifn-ere. Osfsept&jftU S. 

REPRISE, s. The indentatjoo of stoMs 

in buildini^ Fr. PaL Horn. 

RERIT,prtf.«. Fell bade IToIZkc. 

Fr. Here, back. 
2b RESCOURS, e. a. To rcMme. 

O.F^. retcourr-cr, id. BeBemden^ 
Riscouas, s. Rescue. Wyntvwu 

To RESETT, v, a. 1. To harbour, a 

8. To receive stolen goods. Stat. Jkx^ 

Rksr, Risxtt, u 1. Abode. Wynianefu 

2. Theactofhaibovring. WoUaet. 

6. One who harbours another. IiL 

4. One who keeps an inn. Acts Jo. /• 

5. Hie reception of goods known to be 
stolen, a law-term, S, .Enkne. 

6. The receiver of stolen goods. Bmdd. 
Fr. rectflle, receiving; O.Fr.rra«, 

Rasnna, s. 1. He who entertains. 

S. Receiver of stolen goodb JBniiv. 
RESH, s. A rush. Sir Egcr. 


To RBSILE, V. n. 1. To fliodi, & 

S. To milt, in rciioning. Cldand. 
Vr* resU-ert id. 
RESING, 04;. FtoriuiM fooUih. Dunbar. 

Teut riet^em, temere agme. 

RESP, RISP, f. A kind of comw gms, 

& GLSibt. 

To RESP, RISP, V. n. To make ft noife 

rowmbling that of ft file* 8. JDotiftoi. 

RESPONSALL, aif. Reiponsible. 

rise agftin. Fr. resourd'te* WoUaet* 
RESSUM, «. A tmaU fragment, &9. 

Fr. re$iont gout£. 
To REST, V. «. To be indebfed, & 

Fr. 011 fvj/, in arrears JUts Bed. 
RBsna, $.pl, Arrean, Fi> Jct$ Mar, 
REST. 4mM retl, peibapa old sprain. 

Wmtt rea, S. A.8. wroatCoih to^dia- 


3b RESTTN, e. a. To refresh. Doug. 

RE8TING-CHAIR, a long chair sb». 

ped like a iettee^ used in ftnn-hMitei» 

Ang. Perths. 

To RETENT, v. a. To oauae to rceoond* 

Fr. retffU»ir, to reaound. Hudson, 

RETH, a4;. Fierce. A.S. rethe, Wallace, 

RitvwA^ t» Ferocity. Houlate, 

A.S. retknest id. 
To RETOUR, RETOWRE, o. a. 1. To 
make a return in writing, as to the ser- 
vice of an heir, S. Skene, 
S. To make a legal return as to the ya- 
loe of lands, S. JBaUHe. 
3. V, n. To return. Wyniown, 
RtTOua, RsTODM, s, 1. Return. Doug. 
B, The legal return made to. a brief, 
emitted from Chancery. Skene, 
9. That made as to the value of lands, S. 
0,Vr. reumr ia used in a sense near- 
ly alUed. 
To RETREAT, e. a. To retract 

p. F. retraiit'-ier, reroquer. CroaragueU 

REVAT, s. Fertirity. Gawan and Gol. 

O.Fr, reviauh fite% 


REVE, f. A colour between ydlow anf 
grey ; Lat. ravue. Sir Gawat^ 

REUERE', REURY, j. Robbery. 


REVERENCE,!. Power, 8. Rutherford, 

REUERT, s. 1. Upioar. Douglai, 

S. The crackling noise made by flames. 

Fr. renerie, raving. Douglae, 

REVERS. Jt the reoert^ at random ; Fr. 

on reoer»t cross. Evergreen, 


strike from behind j Fr. revers^ a stroke 

of this kind. Bathowr. 

To REVERT, v, n, 1. To revive. 

Police Honour, 
9. To recover from a swoon, S.B. 
O.Fr. rvo^rf-jr, id. 
v.a, 1. To clothe. Dou^s, 

8. To clothe anew. Dougfat^ 

Fr. rraesr-tr, id. 
Rivxania\ t. A vestiy. Dougfas, 

Fr. revettiarCf id. 
REUK, I. Atmosphere. V. Rak. 

REURT,«. Robbery. V. Reue&j/. 
To REW, V. R. 1. To repent, S. 

Gawan and Gol* 
S. V. fi • To have compassion for. Barbour. 
A.S. hreow-iaUf poenilere ; lugere. 
JIkw, s. Repentance. Mailland Poenu, 

A. S. hreqfoe, ppenitentia. 
RiUTH, RxwTB, M, 1, Cause for repent- 
ance, ling Hart* 
2. Pity, or cause of pity. Bellenden. 
REW, s. 1. A row. Police Honour, 
2, A street; & raw; Fr. me. Doug* 
REWAR, I. A robber. Wallace, 
LINGS, s. pL Shoes made of undressed 
hides, with the hair on them ; S. r«/« 
Uon$, Wyntovm* 
A.S. r^ingt obstrigillus. 
REWELL, a4i. Haughty; O.Fr.rowe/, 

fier, hauuin. 
REWELL YT, pret, v. Revealed. 


REWERS, 3. pi. $, Stops; O.Fr.raiwrr- 

er, to stopi to arrcstt Wallace* 


^ R£WESS» V. a. V. Rkuist. 
REWID, pret. o. ReaTed. Barbour, 

To REWM, V. n. To roar. V. Rami. 

O. Fr. rwim-€r, id. WaUace. 

BswMouR, «. Tumult Wallace, 

Germ, rumor, id. 
REWME, i. Realm s O.Fr. rtaume. 

case from the herd. RutuL 
Teut Isl. rindt bos. 
RIACH, adj. Dun, &B. Jbum. Xond. 

GaeL id. brindled. 
RIAL, RIALLE, a^. RoyaL 

Sir Gowan, 
To RIB, v. a. To nft fancf, to give it half 

plowing, S. Belg. gmft, ridged. 
Ribbing, s, A slight plowing. StaU Ace. 
Ix>w diflsipation. Barbour. 

O.Fr. ribttuderie, libertinage, con- 
duite de bandits. 
RIBBAND. St JohfutOfCi ribband, a 
halter, & Mu3e*s Threnodie. 

RYBEES^ Shoes called Tum^yers. 
O. FV. r&S, trepointe de Soulier. 
RIBBLIE-RABBLIE, o^^. Disordered, 

Teut rabbd'cn, praedpitare verba. 
RIBUS, t. A musical instrument 

C.B. ribib is ezpl. a reed-pipe^ a 
RICE, «. A tw%. V. Rtss. 
To RICH, V. a. To enridL l^^oim. 
lb Rich, v. n. To become rich. KeUy. 
RICHT, a^. 1. In health, & Gerau 
S. In the exercise of reason, S. 

To RicRT, V. o. To put to rights ; often 
to mend, S. 

Franc, rihtenie, rectificantes. 
RICHT NOW, adv. Just now. Barbour. 

A. S. nu rikie, jam, nunc. 
Rtchtswi, adv. In the same manner* 

Jlctt Ja. IT. 
RICHTS. At rights, straight Douglas. 

Su.G. raeU waeg^ via recta. 
RICHTWYS. d</. I, Righteous. Wyni. 


S. Legitimate, not qnuioof. IPUbce. 
A.S. rihtwiSf Isl. retftiif, id. 
RICK,«. L. relfit, relic Lyndm^. 

RICKLE, RICKILL> i. 1. A lu»p, S. 

2. A ridde of banes, a voy mcagve per* 
son, a 

A.& rtcg, a heap; Su. G. Ans-ron^ 
a akeleion. 
To Ricxue, «. fl. To put into a beap^ & 
RID, RIDE, a({f. Severe. Barbour. 

A. Si reM, ferox, saevus. 
RIDE, oi^. Rough. V. Rom. 
To RIDE, V. a. In curling, to drive s 
stone with such force, as to carry befin 
it another, which is nesiest tlie i 
blocks up the way, S. 
RIDE, t. The act of sailing, & 

Isl. redskap, carriage on i 
I\) RIFE, RIFFE, v. n. To rive. 

Su. G. rijvha, id. JDuugjtu. 

riff-raff, j. The rabble^ & 

Dan. ripsraps, id., &es 1 
RYFART, «. V. RniOKT. 
RIFT. L. riff, a mxmal i 


To RIFT, V. n. To bekfa, SL Bmrumf. 

Dan. raev-er, ervctarei i 


Rm, s. An eructatioot 8. 

RIG, s. A tumult; also^ a fioUc, Lodu 

V. Rxikn. 
RIG, RIGG, s. 1. Hie UA of aa asi. 
ma], & 2)^^fas. 

2. A ridge^ & X)tn«ia. 

9. Rig and Fur, ribbed sto^liigs^ & 

A.S.Aricg, IsL Anjgg-r, ScbO. fjgsi 
Rto-batkx, «. Hie back4Maie» S. WaBaeu 

A.S. hncgjban, Dan. r^^iftent, id. 
RioonvG, RiooiK, s. 1. The bade, & J>o^ 
8. The ridge of a houses SL Bam^ 

RiaQin-Taxc, s. The roof-tree^ & 
Sw. tak-^ryggen, the ridge of m 1 
A.S.Artcg, iiocigium. 

half castmted, & /\p..SaA. 

RIG-MARI£» «. A baie coin, Lak, 

Dumfr. iTflKffi. 


Fiom the woida Reg. JUaria, on one 
of the bilJon coins of Queen Mary. 
RIG WIDDIE, s. The rope or chain that 
crosses the back of a horse when yoked 
in a cart, & 

Jtigt back, and widdie, a twig. 
BYK, RYKE, tuy. 1. Potent W^oum. 
S. Rich. ITaUace. 

Moes.O. reiicSf A.S. rica, prioceps. 
RIK, RYKE, s. A kingdom. Sarbmr. 

Moes.G. mh', A.S. tyce, regnnm. 
RILLING, t. V. Rkwxltkts. 
RIM, s. A rocky bottom in the sea, Orkn* 
Isl. rimi, colUculus. Statitt* Jcc. 
RIMBURSIN, «. A rupture in an ani- 
mal, in consequence of which the belly 
sometimes bursts^ Bord. JtoulL 

From rim (of the belly), and bursL 
To RIN, 0, n. 1. To run, & J)imgUts. 
Moes. G. rthn-an, Su. G. Isl. rinn^m 

2. To become curdled, S. 

Su. G. ni«im-a, min-a, coagulare. 

3. To rm in one*s head, to intoodcate, S. 
BiK, «. 1. A run, S. Rots. 

2. Arinof water, a waterfall ; also^ a 

stream, S. ; Germ, rimie, fluvius. 
BiKHiK SAAK, a disease in cows^ in which 

they are seferdy affected with a flux, 

SkB. JXirn, secret. 
RtK-WAW, I. A partition, & 
To RIND, RYNDE, v. a. To dissolre 

any fiit substance by the beat of the fire, 

& ; alsob render. Act$ Ja. V. 

IsL rtfMi-a, pellcre, because beateni 

or raenn^, rindct liquefacere. 
To RTND, V. n. 1. To pertain. CrairagueL 

2. To tend. Acts Marie. 

Stt.G. rm4-a, tangere. 
BYNN, t. Tenitory. Gowan and GoL 

Teut nryn, limes, confininm. 
To RING, V. a. To rdgn, a Douglas. 
Bnro, s. 1. Kingdom. Pal. Son. 

8. It also signifies reign, a Lyndsay. 
RING, i. The meal which fills the cievi- 

oes In the circle round the millstones, 

liOth. Law Case. 

To Riiro ike null, to fill these with the fint 

grain that is ground, after the stones ate 

pidced, a 

BING, f. A rueb V. Rjrtk. JUOheifird. 


RING, s. A circular fort, & &at. Aee* 
Su.G. ring, the place where public 
conventions were held. 

To Rids ay thx uiro, to strive, at full 
gallop, to carry off, on the point of a 
rod, a ring suspended on a cross- 
beam resting on two upright posts, a 
Su. G. rida HU rings, hastiludium exer- 

RING DANCia circular dances, in 
which the parses frequently join hands, 
a Douglas, 

Tent ringh-dans, orbis salutorius. 

RING^SANGia tunes adapted to ring 
dances. Douglas. 

RINGALD, s. Crowd. V. Ramoald. 

RINGE, s. A whisk made of heath, a 
corr. from £. rta^. 

RnroB-iuAnixa, s. Cross* leaved heath, 


RINGLE.££*D, RYNGIT, adj. Ha. 
ving a great proportion of white in the 
eye, a Ruddiman. 

Frouk rings or Teut ringel-en, annu- 
lo drcumdara 
RINK, RYNK, «. A strong man. 

Chr. Alrk. 
A. a rinc, vir strenuus, miles. 
RINK, I. A course. V. Rsnk. 
To Rime, V. n. To scamper about aB. 
V. Renk. Ruddiman. 

RncKaa, Rucnxu, s. A tall, thin, long. 

legged horse, a ; q. race^-hone. 

RnncBODioc, s. Flace of toumay. Lyndsay. 

RING, s. Ready money, aB. ^irreft. 


tract of country on the coast of Gallo- 

vray, vHiicfa runs out into the sea. 

StaU Ace. 

Gael, rinn, a point, CB. rhyn, id. a 


RIOLTSE, Nobles; q. Lat rega^ 

les. Gawan and Gd, 

RIOT, s. Noisei Douglas. 

O.Fr. riot, riote, bruit, tapage. 
To RYOT. V. a. To ravage. Barbour. 

Isl. riod^a, Teut ruyt-en, vastare. 
RYOT, «. Contest Wyntawn. 

O.Fr. riote, combat 


RIP, RIPP, REIP, i. A turndfal of 
com not tbnsbed, S. Bunu. 

A.S. ripe, id. 
RIP, 1. An ocier bukit, Ang. 

Id. hrip, id. fonnia 
RIP, «. 1. Any thing base or mdMi, 8. 
S. A cheat, & 

IsL ref-iax, fidem fallcre^ 
To RIPE, RYP£, r. a. 1. To aewcfa, S. 


S. To probe. jDoHgliu. 

5. To investigate; respecting the mind. 

jibp. SamUtoun* 

4. To poke, & Ramsay. 
A.& hrypan, dissuere. 

RIPPET, RIPP AT, J. 1. The noise of 
great mirth, S. I>ou(fia$» 

2. Uproar in a bad sense, & Lyndtay. 
lal. An/Ml, tumultuarie agere. 
RIPPIE, «. A pock-net fixed to a hoop 
for catching crabs, Meama. V. Rir, a 
bo^kci. Iftl. hrip. 
To RIPPLE, V. a. To sepamte the seed 
of flax from the stalks, S. Boss, 

Teut rep'Cnt stringere semen linL 
Germ. riffeUth to hatchell flax. 
RirPLiM-CAiMB, t. A flax-comb, 8. XeUy. 
To RIPPLE, V, n. To drizzle, a 

Isl. hrafl in sniohrafi, nix recens et 


RIPPLES, RIPPLIS,«.;i^ 1. A^eak- 

ness in the back and reins, S. RouU, 

Fr. ribauldt rabauld, rei yenereae in- 

tentus ut enervetur. 

5. The King's evil, improperly, Bord. 

Gl. Complaynt. 

RISE, s. A coarse kind of grass. V. 

Rktss. Douglas. 


small twig, S. Chr, Kirk. 

2. In pi, brushwood, S. Dunbar. 

Stake and bicb, 1. Stakes driven into the 

earth, and thin boughs nailed across, S. 

AiUs Ja, 11, 

S. A partition-wall in n cottage, S. 

Iftl. /iryf, Su. G. n's, virgultum. 
To RISK, tr. n. To make a noise like the 
tearing of roots, S.O. Bvarns. 

A. S. hrisc^ioai^ striderei rispore. 


re RISP, 9. a. 1. Tomb with « file, & 

9. To rub hard bodies together ; as to 
riap the teeth, 8. 
RiSF, 8. Coarse grass that grows in maidiy 
ground, S. ; q. grass forra^ping. Dunbar. 
To Riar, v. n. Denoting the sound < 

by the friction of hard bodies, S. 
RITMASTER, s. A ca^biio of 1 

Belg. rA-Hheester, Tent nd-meaUr^ 
magister equitum. 
RITTOCH, s. The greater tern, Oikn. 

RIVE, s. A rent or tear, S. Id. ryf. 
RIVE, s. Shallows. Sir Tristremu 

IsL ft/; reif, brevia. 
To RYVE, V. a. To rob. Barbamr. 

Rtuke, s. a robber. V. Raif: JhrUgtas. 
To RIZAR, V. a. To dry in the son, & 

Fr. ressori, dried by the son. 
RizAR, 1. Drying by means of heat. S. 
Currants, S. Brand.. 

ROBIN-HOOD, a sport, eondemned m 
our old acts of Parliament ; in which 
.the predatory exploits of this celebrated 
outlaw and his companions were repre- 
sented. Evergreen. 
rock; Tr.roche. Dau^lau 
ROCK AT, s. A smpUce, Crochet, 

Arm* rocket, Fr. rochet, on outer gar- 
ROCKING, s. A friendly visit, in whU 
neighbours meet, during the moon-li^t 
of winter or spring, and spend the eiven- 
ing, alternately in one another's houses^ 
Ayrs. Bums, 

Supposed to have had its name from 
females formerly bringing theur rock» ov 
distaA with them. 
ROCKLAY, ROKELY, i. A abort 
cloak, S. Ang. Bkstm. 

Su. G. rocklin, a surplice. 
s. The turbot, S.B. roan-Jleuk, Loth. 

RODDIKIN, f. The fourth stomach oC 


a eaWf or other minitatiiig aninuilr 8. ; 
tiie same with Ruo, q. ti 

BODDING-TIME, the tune of own- 
ing. V. Rn>, Rb»o»«< Siat. Ace. 

BODEN-TR&E, s. The mottntain-Mfa, 
SwB. v. Ronv-TUB. 

RoDBvs, «.ji/. The berries of tberoen^tree, 


bramble berry, S. Stot» Ace. 

BOY, «. King; Fr.rot. IToltoce; 

To ROY, V. n. To rave^ Ihtntor. 

KELOID, ROYD, RIDE^ a^. 1. Rude, 
■erere* Batbow* 

8. Lmrge. ITaUace, 

A.S. ftfoMtf, re<Ae, rough. 
BOYET. ROYIT, aig. 1. WUd. Donff. 
8. Dissipated, & F^y^gntaic* 

5« Ronping, mudi given to sport, S. 
Fr. n>u/, nmle, fierce, ungovernable. 
BoTiRNus, 1. Romping, S. 


Alem. raunot Su« G. ro, Isl rot, quies. 

BOIK, «. A thick mist V. Rak. 

BO IK, 8, A rock. Dougfai. 

To ROIP, V. a. To sell by auction. V. 


BOIS» ROISE, s. A rose. Ihug^ 
BOIS& V. Roir. BanntUyne P. 

BO 1ST, i. A roost Kennedy, 

ROYSTER, «. 1. A fiecbooter. 

L. B. RuHariit the same with RtUariu 
freebooters who committed great devas- 
tation in France, in the eleventh centu- 
ry; O.Fr. ruitre, a ruflian; rutier^, 
brigandage, devastation. 
S. A dog, apparently of the buU^og 
species. CUland. 

To ROYT, Mc To go about idly. S.B. 

Su.G. rti/-^, diacurreroi vagari. 
ROYT, s. Perh. rambling fellow. Po/uwrt, 
BOK, $, Perhaps, a storm. S. P. Repr. 

IsL roki roka, id. procella. 
To ROLE, v. a. To ply the oar. Doug. 
RoLLAR, s. A rower. Douglas. 

ROLK, s. A rock. Douglat. 

ROLLYD,;;ar/.fa. Enrolled. Wyntovsn. 


ROLLOCHIN^ (gutt) o^;. Lively, fm- 
spoken, S. Raliack, to romp, A.Bor. 
Isl. rugi^o, effutire; Sw. roUg, merry. 
To ROLP, v.n. To cry. V. Roir. 
ROMANYS, ROMANIS» t. 1. A ge^ 
nuine history. JSar^our. 

2. A work of fiction. 

ItaL ronumxe, Fr. roman, id* 
ROMBLE, «. A blow. Air^mr. 

Teut. rommd-en, strepere. 
ROME-RAKARIS, t. pi. Those who 
pretend to bring relics fWm Rome. 

Bannatyne P* 
ROND£LLIS» t.pL SmaU round urgets; 
Fr. rondellfs. Complaynt S. 

RONE, 1. Sheep*skin dressed so as to ap- 
pear like goat-skin ; S. rcMin. WsftU. 
Perh. from Boon, Bohant in France; 
like cordovan, from Cordova. 
RONE, RON, s. 1. A shrub. Wallace. 
Isl. runn, a bush or shrub. 
2. Brushwood. Benrysone. 

RONE, t. A coarse substance adhering to 
flax, which, in hackling, is scraped off 
with a knife, Penhsi 
Isl. hrion, roughness. 
RONE, s. The mountain-ash. V. Roux. 
TEEa. Maitland P. 

RONE, «. A run of ice, S. Lyndsay. 
IsL hroenn, sparsa congeries ex nive. 
RONE, s. A spout for carrying from the 
roof, S.O. 

Sw. raenna, id.; Mod. Sax. ronne, a 
RONGED, part.a^. Gnawed. Knox. 

Fr. rongi, id. 
RONGIN.pref. Reigned. Bellenden* 
RONK, i. Moisture. K, Hart. 

RONKIS, ».pl. Folds. Dunbar^ 

Su. G. rynka, a wrinkle, a fold. 
RONNACHS, 9. pi. Couch-grass, Aberd 
RONNYS. V. RoKE, 3. 
ROOD-DAY. $. V. Rude-DAT. 
brent goose. Rois. Siatist. Ace* 

Dan. radgaas, Norw. raatgaat, 
ROOF-TREE, i. 1. The beam which 
forms the angle of a roof, S. 
2. A toast, expressive of a wish fbrpio* 
sperity to one's family, S.B. 


BOOK, 9* A 9ort of uproar, Loth. 

Genu, fudk-en, moren; mdt, impetus. 
BOOK, f. Thick miit, a V. Bax, i.9. 
BoOKT, a4;. Misty, a HamiUon. 

BOOM, a4f. and $. V. Rowlii. 
BOON, <. A ihred. V. Roim. 
To ROOSE, V. a. To extoL V. Run. 
3b ROOSE Jith, to throw m large quan- 
tity of fish together, with salt among 
them; aUowing them to lie in that state 
for some time, before curing them, a 
BOOST, s. 1. The inner roof of a cot- 
tage, composed of spars reaching fiom 
<he one wall to the other, a 
9. A garret, aB. 

Su.G. rosie, the highest part of a 
BOOT-HEWN, a4f. Ferrerse^ aB. 

Sw. rothugg-a, to root up. Ross* 

To BOOVE, RUVE, RUIFF, v. a. 1. 

To rivet, to dinch, a Aett Ja, VL 

2. To settle a point beyond the proba^ 

biUty of alteration. BaitUe. 

Fr. rvD-er^ id. ; Isl. rauf-a, perforare. 

BOPEEN, I. A hoarse cry. V. Roor. 


ROSE, s. Ihe erysipeUn, a disease, S. 


Su.G. ros. Germ, rose, id. from the 

colour of the eruption. 

BOSEIR, t. A rose-bush ; or aibour of 

roses. Fr. rosier. d* Sibb. 

BOSET, i. Rosin, a VougUu. 

BOSIGNELL, (. A m'ghtbgale. JBurO. 

Fr. rosignolt id. 
BOST, s. A current V. Roaarr, $. 3. 
BOTCOLL, $. Hone-radish, aB. 

Su. G. rot, root, and koU, fire. 
BOTE, s. An instnxment, in FV. now 
called vielie, in low E. hurdygurdy. 

According to Ritson and Roquef. 
from Lat. rota, a wheeL 
BOTH03, s, A tumult, Ang. V. 


BOTTACKS, i,pl. 1. Grubs inabee* 

hi?e^ Moray. 

Si Old musty com, ibid. Pop, BcUL 
BOUBBOURIS, Perh. hampers. 
Dan. rMe, a basket? 


BOUGH, a^. I. Bough, a Dtm^t^ 
8. Hqaise, a Germ. raiiA, id. 

3. PlentiAsl, a XeBf, 
J3oiccA and round; id. Clydeiu 

4. As denoting immoial'conduet, S. 
Bough, t. The coaner and krger past of 

anything, aO. 
RoucR-UDER, f. A horse-breaker, & 
ROUGH, «. Rowing. V. Routb. 
ROUGHT, pret. e. Reached. Barhmtr. 
ROUGHT, pret. e* Cared. V. Bar. 

ROUDES, fl4/. Haggard. Mbui, Bord. 
RocDEs, s. An old, wrinkled, iU-natuved 
woman, Fife ; pron. rttdtt. Ramaatf. 
Fr. rudette, harshness; or CB. 
rhaadair, noisy. 
To ROVE, o.n. To be in adefiriam, S. 
Sir J* SincUur. 
RoTTKG, #. Delirium, a Butkerfj^d, 

To ROVE, V. o. To card wool or cocioa 
into flakes, a Staiisi^, Ace* 

ROVE, «. Rest V. Roif. 
To ROUK, ROWK, r. n. To crouch. 

Isl. hruk^a, coarctatio. Lyndsay, 
ROUK, 5. Mist, a 
RorKT, ae(;. Misty, a V. Rak- 
ROULK, ROLK, adj. Hoarse. 

Fr. rauque, Ist rauc-us* HouiaSe* 
To ROUM, V. a. V. Soux and Rouk. 
ROUN, i. Roe of fish. V. Bauv. 


ROUN, ROUNE. u 1. Letters, diarsr- 

ters. 5Sr TVisfrm. 

A.S. Isl. run, Su.G. rana, liters. 
2. A tale, a story. Sir Trisirtm. 

5. Speech in general. /Mi. 
To RouK, RouNi^ Romcn, Rowir, v. ■• 

To whisper, a JDoiugtea, 

So. G. run^, A. S. mn-iant id. 

perer. JDuninr, 

RouirvYK6, RowHKTNG, s. Hie act of 
whispering. arhoxtr. 

To RooKD, V, n. V. Rouk, o. 

ROUND, adj. Abundant V. Roi^cb. 

AN-TREE, f. The mountain-ash, S. 

Su.G. ronnt runn, soibus aacuparia. 


JlOUND, s. A nottnd dance, S. roHM^et. 
Fr. dance i la ronde* 
S. The tune appropriated to a dance of 
this kind. Zhuglas. 

ROUND-ABOUT, #. A circular fotU 

StatitU Ace, 
ROUND AL, J. A poetical measure, ge- 
nerally of eight venes. Douglas. 
Fr. rondeau, Teut rondeel, rfaythmus 
ROUNDAR, s, V. RooMAa. 
ROUNDEL, s. A tabic. Priests FebHs. 

Tent, rondeely id. 
ROUNG, 1. A cudgel. V. Rung. 
ROUNGED./Mjrf.iuy. V. Rongkd. 
RO LP, v. n. 1 . To ory, to sbout. Doug. 
S. To cry hoarsely. Knor* 

5. vm a. To sell by auction, S. 

Teut. roep-'enf clamare. FountainhaU» 
Root, RouriNo, s. An outcry, S. Pennant* 
Roursa, i. One who cries. Montgomerie. 
RoonnG-wiFi, «. A female auctioneer, S. 
Sir J, Sinclair* 
ROUP, s. 1. Hoarseness, S. Beattie. 
lal. hrwp, vociferatio. 

2. Tbedisease otherwise called the croup, 
&B. . Watson. 

3. A disease affecting bens in the mouth 
or throat, S. 

Roinnr, Roorrr, aty. Hoarse, & Sums. 
ROUP, 1. A dose mist. Border. 
ROUST, 1. Rust, S. Douglas. 

Roosrr, adj. Rusty, S. 

Teut. roett, and roestigk. 
ROUST, ROST, f. A ttrong tide or cur- 
rent, Orkn. Brand. 
IsL roest, raust^ aestuarie. 
To ROUST, V. n. 1. To cry with a rough 
voice, S.B. Douglas, 
Q. To belk>w ; applied to cattle, & B. 
Isl. raust, vox canora ; Dan. roestt a 
Roust, «. The act of roaring, &B. 
Rousrr, a^. 1. Hoarse. Ruddiman. 
2. Not refined. Pal. Hon. 
ROUSTREE, s. The erois bar on which 
- the crook is hurig, Aberd. 

Su. G. roette, suprema aedificli pars. 


To ROUT, ROWT, v. n. 1. To bellow, 
S. Bums. 

Isl. raut-a, rugire belluarum more. 

2. To make a great noise. Douglas. 

Root, Rowt, *. 1. The act of bellowing, 

& Douglas. 

2. A roar, a loud noise, S> Dou^t. 

To ROUT, p. a. To strike, S. Rou. 

Isl. rot -a, percutio ; rot, ictus. 
Rotrr, RuTa, «. A severe blow, S. Barbour. 
ROUTAND, part. jrr. Assembling. 

Isl. rot-ast, conglobare. Barbour. 

ROUTH, ROUGH, s. 1. The act of 

rowing. Dou^* 

2. A stroke of tbtt oar. Douglas. 

A.8. rewete, rowette, remigatio. 

ROUTH, ROWTH, s. Plenty, S. 

C.B. rhwth, large, capacious. 
RouTBiB, a<(;. Plentiful, S. Bums. 

ROUTHLESS, a<y. Profane, Fife. . 

E. ruthless used in a particular sense. 
ROUTHURROK, «. The bernade 
goose, Orkn. JLesUe. 

Isl. hrota, bemacla. 
To ROW, V. a. 1. To roll. Douglas. 

2. To elapse- Douglas. 

3. To revolve. Id* 
To mow AsooT, to be in an advanced state 

of pregnancy, S. 
ROWAN. ROWING, s. A flake of wool, 
S. Edin. Encycl. 

To CaH a Rowan, to bear an illegitimate 
child. Gl. Si». 

ROWAN, s. Auld rowan, a bawd, who, 
by wheedling, endeavours to entice a 
young woman to marry an old man. 

Germ, rune, Su.G. runa j al-runa, 
or alte-runa, mulier fatidica. 
ROWAN, #. A turbot Fife. Stat. Ace. 
ROWAR. s. A moveable wooden bolt; 
q. a roller. JTallaee. 

ROWY, 1. King ; Fr. rot. Bannattfne P. 
ROWKAR, 8, A whisperer, a tale-bearer. 
Zeland. roeck, delator, Alcm. ruog^en, 
to defame. 
To ROWME, ROUME, p. n. To roam. 


A.S. ruman, Belg. ruym-en, diffh- 
To ROWME, V. a. 1. To dear. 

2. To enlarge. WsffUowu. 
Teut. rtiym-'eH, vacuare ; ampUare. 

3. To place. JCeith, 
Oerm. raum-«fi, in ordine disponere. 

RowMEy Rouxc, s. I . Space. Wyniowru 
2. A possession in land. JBeUenden. 
S, Situation as to preaching. Spotstoood, 

4. Official ftituatioQ. JBaiUie. 

5. Ordinal relation. JR. Bruce. 

6. Place in a literary work. Wodrow. 
A.S. Su.G. rum, place of any kind. 

RowME, RouMX, Rook, a4j» 1. Large. 


A.S. Su.G. ram^ Teut. mym^ amplus. 

2. Clear, empty. Ferg^son, 

* Teut ruym^ vacuus. 

RowMLT, tidv» Largely. Wyntown, 

To ROWMYSS. V. Rumutss. 

To ROWT, V. n. To snore. BatUur. 

A. S. hrut'Ont Isl. hriot-ch id« 
ROZET, 9. Rosin. V. Rosct. 
RUBIATURE, «. Rq|M>er. 

Leg. St Androis. 
L. B. rubator, Ital. rubatore, latro. 
Tb RUCK, V. n. To belch. Lyndsay. 

Teut roecA-tfn, Lat rtic/-are. 
RUCK, «. A heap of com, S.B. 

Aete Jo. VL 
Isl. hravki Su. G. roek^ cumulus. 
BUCK-RILLING. V. Riwilynvs. 
RUD, a4;. Red. WoUae*, 

A.S. mdet reod, Alem. mod. 
Runs, <• 1* Redness. Douglas, 

2. Those parte of the face, which in 
youth and health have a ruddy colour, 
S.B. CAr.JKirk. 

A. S. ruda, rubort vultus. 
To RUDDY, V. n. To make a loud reite- 
rated noise, S.B. 

Isl. hrid, a storm ; force io general. 
RUDE, adj. Strong, stout Douglas. 

RUDE, «. Spawn, Ayrs. V. Redd. 

RUDE, RWD, s. The cross. Dou^. 
A.S.Su.G.rM/, Genn.rode. 


RuDB-DAT, s. The third day of May. &Bp 

called the Invention of the Croak 
RUDE-GOOSE. V. Rood-ooock. 
To RUFE, t;. n. To rest V. Roir. 

Ckron, S, jP« 
RuFP, s. Rest V. Roir. 
To RUFF, V. n, Toroll ftdrum, S. ; ali9 

ruffle, Wodrom. 

Germ, ruff-ery to cry. 

2.' To give a plaudit, S. 
Rurr, s, 1. Roll of the drum, S. 

JR. GoUama^ 

2. Beating with the feet, aa ezpreaaivs 

of applause. 
RurFE, «. Fame, celebrity. GodsatfL 

RUFFIE, s. A ruflian, Ang. Lyndw^ 

Su. G. rof'WOt to rob. 
RUFFY, s, 1. A wick clogged with tal. 

low, Tweed. 8tai. Ace. 

2. The blase used in fishing by iiigh^ 

with the lister, S.A. 

Sw. roe'Jiuh a rush light 
RUFFILL, «. Loss, injury. Dumbem, 

Teut ruyffel-^n, terere, 
RUFLYT, pret. v. Annoyed. 
To RUG, V. a. 1. To puU hMtily or 

roughly, S. JPdp, BaiL 

2. To tear, S. Daugias. 

5, To spoil, to plunder. 
Teut ruck-en, Dan. rag-er, to plo^ 
RUG, <. 1. A rough or haity pull, & 

2. A great baigain, & 
RuooAxa, 1. A depredator. Momrae, 

RULLION, «. 1. A shoe made of untai^ 

ned leather. V. Rewcltnts. 

2. A coarse-made masculine woman, 

RUM, adj. Excellent, Loth. Cant E. 
RUMBLEGARIE, aty. Disorderly, & 

Qu. ready (A.S. gear-u) to rumble. 
TION, s. Common sense, & Btaitic, 
A.S. rum, rum-well, spatiosus^ and 
geom-ian, curare. 
To RUMMIL. RUMLE, v. n. To make 
a noise, S. Dou^las^ 

Teut rommd-en, strepere. 


MTSS, V. n. To bellow, & Hentysone, 
Iftl. rym-Oy id. 

rump, S. Ranuay, 

2. The tail, & BeiUnden. 

HUNCHES, I. pi. Wildmustftrd; also^ 

wlldnulisb, S.A. Bor. Polwart, 

RUND, BOON, i. 1. A border, a ael. 

▼age, S. Bums. 

2. A abred, a remnant, S,B. GL Shirr. 
I&l. rondt round, margo, extremlttts. 

To RUNDGE, if. n. To gnaw. V. 

RoNoxD. Evergreen, 

BUNG, s. 1. Any long piece of wood, S. 

Chr. Kirk. 

S. A coarse heavy staff, S. Madaurin. 

3. Used to denote the stroke of pover* 
ty. J. NicoL 

Moes.G. hrungt virga; IsL raungt 
!»]. rungor, the ribs of a sliip. 
To RUNK, V. a. To deprive of, whether 
by lair or foul means, S. B. 

JsL rank-or, fraud; orperh. corr.from 
£. rook, to cheat 
BUNK, 04;. Wrinkled, Aberd. 

Journal Lond. 

Su. G. rjfnka, Dan. rincke, a wrinkle. 

To RUNKLE, p. a. I. In parL pa. runk" 

led, wrinkled, S. Ramsay. 

S. To crease, to cniippler S. 

A.S. wrind'ian, Su.G. rynck'-a, ru- 
BuvKLi, RuNKiLL, «. 1. A wriukle, S. 

2. A rumple, S. jibp. Bamilioun. 

RUN RIG, lands are said to lie runrig, 
where the alternate ridges of a field be- 
long to different proprietors, or are oc- 
cupied by different tenants, S. ; qu. 
ridges running parallel JErskine. 

BUNT, s. 1. Trunk of a tree. Pal, Hon. 

2. A hardened stalk ; as, a kail runi, 
the stem of colewort, S. Bunu. 

3. The tail of an animal, Galloway. 

4. A contemptuous designation for a 
female, more generally applied to one 
advanced in life, with auld prefixed, & 

Germ, rinde, bark, crust. Davidson. 


BUNT, I. An old cow, &B., one thai 
has given over breeding, Caithn. 
Germ, rinde, an ox, or cow. 
BURYK, a<0. Rural, rustic. Wallace. 
To RUSCH, RWYSS, v. o. To drive. 

Su. G. rus-a, rusk-a, irruere. 
RuscHB, RwHTs, s. Drive. Hyntown. 

To RUSE, ROOSE, v. a. To extol ; 
sometimes reese, S. Douglas. 

HI rused, discommended. KeBy. 

Isl. raus^, jactabuDd4 multa effutio^ 
ros^, extollere. 
RUISE, RUSSE, RUSS, s. 1. Boast. 
Isl. raus, gerrae, loquadtas. 
To mak a tume ruse, to boast where 
there is no ground for it, but the re- 
verse, Ang. 

2. Commendation, praise, & Ritson. 
Su. G. ros, roos, praise. 
RusKB, s. One habituated to self-commen- 
dation. Kdly. 
RUSHIE, s. A broil, Fi&. 

Teut. ruysch, Isl. rusk'^i, strepitus. 
BUSKIE, s. 1. A basket, made of twiga 
and straw, for carrying com, Perths. 

2. A vessel made of straw for holding 
meal. Kelly, 

S. A bee-hive, S.B. 

Su.G. rusk, congeries virgultorum; 
rysia. Germ, reusche, a bee-hive. 
BUTE, •. A blow. V. Root. 
RUTE, s. A fowL V. Roon-coosx. 

Acts Marie. 
RUTHER, s. An uproar, & Rou. 

A,S. hrtuh, commotio, C.B. r/iuMr, 
RUTHER, RUTHYR, s. Rudder. 

RUTILLAND,paK./;r. Croaking. 


Teut rotd-en, grunnire, murmurare. 

RUTOUR, <• A spoiler. V. Roystsrs. 


To RUVE, ». a. V. Roove. 

RUWITH, Unceruin. Sir Gamn. 




This letter, as occurring in the beginning 
of words, cannot. In many insunces, be 
▼iewed as a radical. While prefixed in 
some Goth, dialects, it was thrown away 
in others; especially before k. The 
same term sometimes appears with t, 
and sometimes without it ; as in cry and 
say : creek of day, and $kreek, St is 
often used by our old writers as the 
mark of the pi.; as, horts for hortit, 

8 A, SUA, SWAy cof|;. 1. So^ consequent- 
ly, S.W. Gawan and Gal, 
2. In such a manner. Barbour. 
7. As, in like manner. Barbour, 
Moes.G* twa, twe, A,&<icmi, Su.G. 
Dan. too, ita. * 

To SA, V. n. To say. Douglas, 

Alem. Germ, sag-en, A.S. saeg-an, id. 

SACK£, s, Sackdotb. Godl*^ Sangs. 

SACK, s. V. Sak. 

SACKET, SAKKET, s, a small sack, 
&B. CompiayrU S, 

To SACRE', V, a. To consecrate. 

Fr. sacrer, id. Douglas. 

To SACRIFY, V, a, 1. To sacrifice. 

Fr. sacrijl-er, id. Douglas, 

2. To consecrate. Douglas, 

3, To appease^ to propitiate. Id, 
SAD, adj, 1. Graye. Wallace, 

2. Wise, prudent Wallace, 

3. Firm, steady. Wallace, 
C.B. sad, firm, wise, discreet, sober. 

4. Close, compact, S. 

C.B. saMru, calcare, to tread; syth, 
6, Heavy, S. Sir J, Sinclair, 

6. Weighty, applied to evidence. 


7. Flat, close to the ground, S. 

8. Denoting a grave colour. Inventories. 
SiOLT, adv. 1. Steadily. Wallace. 

2. Closely, compactly. Barbour, 

To Sad, v. n. To become solid, S. 
To SAD, V. a. To make sad. Baillie. 

8AEBIENS, SAEBINS; cof\j, Sioecw 

i. e. being sae, or so. Bamsaym 

SAFER, J. Damages. V. Scrom. Spoisw. 

SAFT. a<;. !• Opposed to what is ftsi- 

guing, S. Biimmm 

2. Pleasant BiUosu 

5. Tranquil, at rest, & GL Sibb. 

Teut soft,, suavis, mollis. 

Saft, Saftlt, ado. Softly. Fergusotu 

2. Lightly. iiinstr, BonL 

To Saft, v. n. To mollify. Dunbar, 

To SAGHTIL, o. n. To be reooocncd. 

A. S. sa/ttl'ian, reconciliare. Sir Gowoit. 
Saobtltko, s. Reconciliation. V. Saucbt. 

To SAT, r. n. lyom say, I tell yon. 

A. S. sege me, die mihi. Barbourm 

To SAY, SEY, V. a. 1. To put to trial, SL 
2. V, n. To endeavour, S. 
O.Fr. say-er, essayer, tenter. 
SAY, SAYE, s, A water-budcet, Inver- 
ness, Orkn. ; a milk-pail, Dumfir. 

Acts Jb, Z. 

Su.G. saa, vas quo aqua portatur. 

SAYARE, s. A poetical writer. Doug, 

A. S. saeg-an, narrare ; sage, oarratiob 


of cannon, smaller than a demi-culve* 

rine, named fttnn a spedesof hawk. 

Complayni Si 

Fr. sacre, "the hawk, and the artillcrie 

so called;** Cotgr. 

SAIKLESS, SAYKLES, a(/. 1- Gtult. 

less, S. DougloMm 

2. Free, in a general sense. Douglas., 

A. S. sacleas, Isl, saklauss, anc cnlpa. 

SAIL-FISH, s. The basking shark, &» 

denominated from a laige fin which it 

carries above water. Slai. Ace* 

SAIL YE, s. An assault WaUaee. 

O. Fr. saU-ir, to assault 
SAILL, s. Happiness. V. Skili. 
SAYN, ». Narrative. WaUace. 

Dan. sagn, saying. 


To 8AIN» 0. a. To Men. V. Sams. 
8AYND, J. Message or meMenger. 

A.S. Mond, legatio; kgstus. Send, 
ftn embassy, S. B. 
Satiidis-mav, t. MesMDger. 

Gawan and OoL 
A.S. sandet^ntafit nnntiua. 
8AIP, «. Soap» a Lifndtinf. 

A. S. Dan. <a<p«. id. 
SAIR, 8AYR, 8 ARE, a4j. 1. Painfbl, & 

3. Sorrowful ; as, a Mtr Arar^. 

S. ViolenL Wallace. 

4. Severe; as sair sidtneu, S. ITaiZactf. 
Su.G. Mar, A.S. tar, graTiflb moles- 


^* Niggardly, as, iair matter, a tair 
merchant, S. 
Saia, s. a sore, a wonftd, 8. Ferguion* 
A. 8. IsL tar, Su.G« soar, dolor; tuU 
Sair, Sab, Sars, adv* 1. Sorely, S. 

A.S. sore, graviter. Barbour. 

2. In a great degree, 8. Douglas. 

Germ. teAr, Belg. f^^r, valde. 

Saw Head, a headacb, 8. A, NicoL 

Sai&lt, (ufo. Sorely. Dou^at. 

Jb SAIR, V. a. 1. To senre, 8. Rasu 

2. To fit, to be large enotigb, 8. 

3. To satisfy ; as, witb food, 8. Rot$. 
Sairino, $. What satisfies one, & Rott. 
SAIRLES, SARELESS, ai}* Tasteless, 

S.B. V. Sawr. DiaUog. 

8 AIT, i. The Court of Session in 8. 


SAK, SACK, t. The privilege of a baron 

to prosecute, try and judge his vassals 

in his own court Beg, Maj, 

A. 8. iac, actiOk causa forensis. 

SAKE, «. Blame, guilt Sir TrUtrem. 

Su.G. tak, guilt crime. 
SALE, SAIL, SAILL, j. ]. A palace. 
2. A hall a chamber. Gavmn and Got. 
A. S. Su. G* tal, aula, palatium. 
SALEBROSITY, j. A rough place. 

SALIKE, SAELIKE, adj. Similar, of 
t}ie same kind, S. B. 

3Ioes.G. swaleiies, U\. tlyhe, talis. 


8ALBR, t. A salt-ceUar. A> Glatoan. 
SALERIFE, ai{;. Saleable, 8. 
SALERTFE, adj. Abounding with sails 
or ships. BoM^^ 

SALL. L. jfo/, stole. Houlate. 

SALS8, t. Sauce. Barbowk 

Germ, salz-en, sale condire. 
SALT, SAWT, «. Assault Barbour. 

O.Fr. Mu/, id. 

SALTfO^;. 1. Having bitter consequencest 

S. ^ougtofc 

2. Costly, expensive, & 

Salv Sb, or Sba, the sea ; from the an* 

dent use of the term as denoting tho 

sea itself. Dtmglat. 

To SALUS, ft. a. To sahite. fFaOace. 

O. Fr. talust salutation. 
SALUT, «. Health, safety; Fr. Cbntp^.^ 
SAM BUTE S, t. pi. Housing for a horse. 
O. Ftr. tambuct id. Sir Gawan. 

SAMIN, SAMTN, adj. The same, S. 

Abl. of Moes. G. sama, idem. CompL S. 
8AMYN, SAMIN, adv. 1. Together. 


2. At the same time. Douglas. 

S, As soon, with as. Douglas* 

A. 8. samne, Belg. samen, simul, una. 

SANAPE', s. Mustard. Sir Gawan. 

A. S. Dan. senep^ Or. cttawts, id. 
SAND-BLIND, (t<;. Having that weak- 
ness of sight which often accompanies a 
very fair complexion, 8* synon. blind- 
SANDE, part. pa. Girt Sir Gawan. 

O.Fr. saint, from saind-re, ceindre» 
SANDY-GIDDOCK, *. The launce, a 
fish, Shetl. KeiU. 

Probalily a dimin. from Dan. giedde, 
Isl. gedda, a pike, from its resemblance 
in shape ; q. the liitle ged or pike. 
SAND-LARK, The sea lark, Orkn. 

Sandy lerricky or laverock, of S. 
SAND-LOWPER, u A smaU species of 
crab, Fife. Stbbald. 

To SANE, V. n. To say. V. Sbvnr. 

I . To make thesign of the cross. Barbaw. 


Q. To bless, Dunbar. 

Germ, tegen, a sign; segn-en, Co 


SAiVtS, Blessing, S. B. 

SANG, 5. Song, S. A. S. Wipiiown. 

SANGL£R£,«. A wildbotf; Fr. tan- 

gliere, Douglas* 


Ttog the colour of blood ; Fr. tanguin, 


8ANOUROUS, at{i. Healing. HouUUe. 

O. Fr. tan-er, to beal. 
SANK A RE, L. thetaware, treasurer. 


SANS, prep. Without, Fr. Dou^. 

SAP, s. Liquid of any kind, taken with 

solid aliment, S. Belg. Morison. 

SAncovKY, «. Monej allowed to servants 

lor purchasing <ap, S. Stat. Ace. 

Sirs, 9. pL Bread sosked or boiled in some 

nourishing liquid, as, aU'Saps, butter- 

sapi, S. GL Sibb. 

Isl. saup, Gael, tobhs, soup. 

To.SAR, V. a. To vex, to gall. Wallace. 

A.S. tar-iaiit dolere. 
SARBIT, 'ifUerf. A kind of exclamation, 

Supposed to be corr. from sorrow a 
To SARD, V. a. To rub, to chafe. 

Isl. sard-a, serd-a, cutem contrectare. 
S ARDE, jrret. Galled. V. Sxa. 
SARE, a4j. Sore. V. S^ta, and f. 
SAax, s. I. A sore, S. Douglas. 

2. Menul pain, sorrow. Douglas. 

A. S. sar, Sw. saer, dolor. 
7b SARE. V. ti. To soar. Douglas. 

To SARE, V. n. To savour. V. Sawkk. 
Saexliss, atJlj. Unsavoury, S. B. V. SAia, 
V. Ross. 

SARGEAND, s. A squire. JBannatyne P. 

O. Fr. sergeant, bomme de guerre. 
SARY, SAIRY, a4j. 1. Sorrowful.. 


A. S. jart, sarig, tristts, moestus. 

2. Sorry, wretched. Wyntown. 


Jy« Barbour. 

A.S. searoUce, artificiose; searars. 


SARIT, pret. Vexed. V< Sai. 
SARK, «. A shirt, S. JTolZacr* 

A.S. syrc, Su.G. saerk, indasium. 
Sakkbd, Saeut, part. pa. I. Frovidol 
with shirts or shifts, & GL Skirr^ 

2. Covered with thin deals, S. 
SAaxiK, s. The covering of wood abore 

the rafters, S. 
Saekinq, a4f. A designation of cloth Ibr 
making coarse shirts, S. SpaUmg. 

SARRALY, adv. V. Sabxollt. 
To SASE, o. a. To seixe; Fr. sait^» 

SAT, f. A snare. SSr TriMremu 

Su.G. sattt, sata, id. 
SATE. «. Omission, trespass. Douglms, 

Fr. Mia, a leap. 
Satoueb, «. A transgressor. Kings Quonv 
To SATIFIE, V. a. To satisfy. 

O. Fr. sattijier, id. {>otrc^iiHl 


A. S. saeter daeg, the day of SaConu 
SiTTXRDATis SLOP, a gap ordained to be 
left in the cruives for catching salmoii» 
in fresh waters, from Saturday after the 
time of Vespers, till Monday after sun. 
rise. Acts Jo. Tm 

SAUAGE, SAWAGE, adj. Intrepid. 

SAUCH, SAUGH, s. The willow, S. 


Sw. saelgt A.S. salh, O.Fr. sou^. 

SAUCHT, SAUGHT,;iar/./Ki. 1. Re- 

conciled. Barbour, 

A.S. saeht, id. Su.G. saett^, con- 


2. At ease^ in peace. DougUum 

Su. G. sacktOf tranquillus, padficus. 
Saucbt, Sauqht, s. Ease^ tranquillity, SL 
A. S. sahte, saett, peace. Boss, 

Sadcbnimu, Saugiitbmikg, Sawchntko, «. 

1. Reconciliation. Douglas, 

2. A state of quietness. Wallace, 
SAUDALL, «. A companion. Buret, 

I^t sodal'i's. 
To SAUF, fi.a. To save. Gawanand Got, 

Fr. sauft safe. 
Sadf, to sAvr.jtrep, Saving. Wyntottn, 
Saufx, s. Salve. Douglas, 


Sautit, i. In layftii, Mi«o. HtfUffaf* 
SAUL, SAWL, s. Hie mmiI, & J)wgla$. 

A.& taulf towel, Mom.G. sahwifa. 
Sauiu, u^'. Dastanlly, mean, S. 

SAULE«.rAOw, «. Spiritual profit V. Pmw. 
GattMm ond Go/. 

SAULLIE, SAULIE, s. A hired 
mourner, S. Acts Ja» VL 

From the repetition of Salve Begintu 

To SAUR» V. «. V. SiAwn. 

• SAVOUR, s. Unction in preachings & 

* Sayoukt, tuff, PosMHing unction, 8. 
SAUT, t. Salt, & Jtanuay. 
Saqt-fat, 8. A talt-cenar, S. 

A.& teoU'faet, id. 
SAW, SAW£, t. !• A layrag, a proreib, 
S. O.E.^iii,«^e, dictum. i>otig. 
S. A diicourve, an addrcm. Barbcur. 

3. lianguage in general Wyntown, 

4. A legal decisioit. JDunJbar, 
Thxu iogt a suit 

5. An oracle, a prediction. Douglaa, 
A. 8. iffge, a foretelling. 

To SAW, o. n. To low. Dougldt, 

A. 8. jaMMut, 8u.G. JaL laa, id. 
To SAW, V. a. To laTC. iloMgAu. 

SAWCHYNG. V. Sauchviiig. 

SAWELY, l,./awdy, few. Wallace. 

V. n, To MTOur* Barbour. 

Sawe, <. Savour. JT. ITarf. 

SAWSLY, m<0. In picUe. Dunbar. 

8 AWT, t. Arnault. V. Salt. 
S AWTU, 8 p. V. Savetfa. Wallace. 

SAX, oc(;. Six, S. J^vnu. 

Moes.G. Miftf, id. 
Saxt, aty. Sixth. ^. Bunte. 

Saxtx^ 04/. Sixty, & Wallace. 

Moes. G. taikstis, id. 
• SCAB, «. A grots ofTence. Z. Boyd. 
SCAD, $. Any colour* seen by reflection ; 
. or the reflection itself, & Rutherford. 

A.S. icade, urobrs. 

SCADLIPS, t. Thin broth, SB. ; hence 

. more apt to scald the lipt. BiUon. 

SCAFF, SKAFFIN,^. 1. Food of any 

kind, & Bois. 

Su. G. U-ap, proA'ision. 


S. EzpL merriment, &A« Gl 8ibb» 
ScATPAa, t. A pamsite; Bellendetu 

Su. G. skafaret one who provides food. 
ScAFPian, 8. V. ScApmii. 
SCAIL, «. A sort of tub. V. Sxxn. 

Sir Bgeir. 
SCALDRICKS, t. pL WUd mustard. 
Loth. V. Skkllocb. Stat. Ace* 

To SCALE, V. a. V. Skaii. 
SCALKT,pret.v. Bedaubed. V. Skadc 
SCALLIARD, $. A stroke, W. Lotii. 

IsL MkeU-a, to strike, tktXUr^ a stroke. 

SCALP, SCAWP, «. 1. Land of which 

the soil is very thin, S. Bamtajf. 

A metaph. use of £. scalp* 
8. A bed of oysters or muscles, S. 

ScALPT, ScAUPT, 04/. Having thinness of 

soil, S. 
To SCAM, V. a. To scorch, S. V. Skav- 

SCAMP, 8. A cheat, a swindler, Loth. 

Perths; Teut. icAamp-^n, to slip aside. 
To SCANSE, SKANCE, v. n. 1. To 

shine, to make a great show. Ferguson. 
Su. G. skin-^t splendere. 

2. To make a great shew in convene^ 
tion, SB. 

3. To magnify in narration, S.B. 
Su.G. beskoetfa, causam ornare ver- 

To SCANCE, SKANCE, v. a 1. Tore- 
fleet on, S. Fhilatus. 

Su.G. skoen^iOf mentis acie videre. 
8. To reproach ; to make taunting or 
censorious reflections on the character of 
others, especially in an obUque manner, 
S. /. Nicol. 

S. To give a cursory account of any 
thing, a A. Douglas. 

ScAHCB, s. 1. A cursory calculation, S. 
2. A rapid sketch in conversation, S. 
SCANSYTE, part. pa. Seeming. 

Su.G. skin<^ aiiparere. Waltaa* 
SCANT, f. Scarcity. V. Skamt. 
SCANTLINGS, s. p/. RaAers which sup. 
port the roof of a prqection, Ang- 
Teut schantse, sepimentum muri. 
ScAyruvs, adv. Scarcely, S B. CV. Skirn 


ScAKTUimv, $. I. Scanty inefMSC^ W; 

S. Small raaaiader, ibid. 
SCAPE, «. A beehive. V. Skepf. 
SCAR» SKAIR, SCAUR, f.l. A ban 
place on the side of a steep faill» from 
which the sward has been washed down 
by rains, Loth. ; riso, skard. 

Lay JjELSt MinUr, 

S. A cb'fiP, Ayrs. Bunu, 

Su.G. Mkaer, rupcs, CB. esgair, a 


SCARCHT, 9. A hermaphrodite, S. Scart, 

.A.S. icrUta, id. PksCoUie. 

SCARF, «. The corvorant; also, the shag, 

Orkn. V. Scart. Barry. 

SCARMUS, J. A skirmish. Bellenden, 

Ital. scarramuccia, L. B. scaramulia. 

SCARPENIS^s./^. Pumps; Fr. etcar* 

pines* , MaiHand P. 

SCARSEMENT, s. Tie edge of a ditch 

on which thorns are to be planted, «& 
To SCART, v,a. I. To scratch, & 


2. To scrape a dish with m spoon, a 


3. To scrape together ^oney. More. 
A. Norm, escratg A.Bor. scroti/. 

ScAUT, s, 1. A scratch, S. Bamsay, 

2. A niggard, S. 

3. A puny person, S. 
ScAHT-FRXS, a((j. Without injury, S. 

ScAET, ««(;. Puny. Dunbar. 

ScAETLE, s. An iron instrument for clean- 
ing a stable. Tweedd. J, Xicol, 
t. The corrorant, S. Houlate. 
Norw. skarv, ls\. skarf-ur, id. 
SC A S, s. Portion ? . Sir Gavfon. 

Alem. tcaz, a penny ; treasure. 
To SCASHLE, v. a. To use any piece of 
dress carelessly, S.B. 
IsL tkuasl, quisquiliae. 
SCATT, c. The name of a tax paid in 
Shetland. Statist. Ace. ^ 

Su.G. U\.' skattf A.S. sceat, a tax, 
E> thott scot and lot. 
SCAiJD.MAN>S.HE AD, s. Sea urchin, 


SCAUR, «. V.ScAB. 
SCAURIE, SCORE Y, s. The younger 
tbe faerring-guU, Orkney. NeUU 

Sw. «bura, Norw. lAturv, id* 
SCAWP, «. V. Scalp. 
SCELLERAR, u Ono who haa tbo 
charge of the ceUar, Himiate, 

L. B. celierar'ius. Id. 
SCHACHT, «. Property. Hemymme. 
Fland. sckacht landi, a rood of Uad. 

SCHATUMONT, s. A measoiw of 

ttx inches in length. Sir Gmuan* 

A. S. scaefi-mund, half a fooL 

SCHAGHES,s.p/. Graves. V. Scoaw. 

SCHAIFE, SCHEIF, $. I. A bunch of 

arrows, twenty-four In nnmber. 

Alem: Mcuph, a quiver. StaL J2oA. Z. 
2. A certain quantity of iron or MeeL 





Thin plates of gold, silver, ftc banging 

down. D^ttgUg, 

Teut. tchaeclaer-enf altcmare. 
2. Moisture distillhog fiom ibwcn. Id, 
SCHAKER-STANE, s. The stone^baft- 
ter, S. stane-ckacker. Surd, 

SCHALD, ad^. Shallow; sAok/, & 

A. S. icyift a shelve. Barb^m^ 

ScuALD, Srauld, 5. A sfaallow placc: 

SHAWM£,s. The comet B<miaie» 
Su.G. tkaimeiof TcuU sckaimey, n 
I^CHALK, 5. 1. A servant. 

€awanand GoL 
A.S. scale, Su.G. Isl. tkalk, id. 
2. A knight Gatoan and Gal, 

SCHAMON'S DANCE, Some kind of 
dance anciently used in S. 

PeUis to the Plm^ 
SCHAND, SCUANE, at^. l^iegant. 


ScBAxn, s. Elegance. ffonhor, 

SCHANK, t. 1. Tlie leg. Dtntgiau 

2. The trunk of a tree. Douglas. 

3. The stalk of an herb, S. Buddimam. 


4. Iki pL alockiDg% Abvd. BiMiman. 
A.& seeanc, Su. G. «*a«*, id. 
2V Sbakk, v. a* 1. To tiBYel on foot, 8. 

«. To knit itockiDgs, Ab«cL Ferguion. 
Shankbx, j. a femalo knlttw of ttock- 

ingi, Abord. 
80H ANT, port. odj. Soiled. MaiU. P. 

Teut «cAeiMf-in» to pollute. 
To SCH APE, v*fu U ToeoDtriTO. 


9. To purpoee, to intend. ^'d* 

' 9. To endesvonr. Id. 

4, ir. o. To prtpere. -W- 

5. To direct one's coune. 

A.& seeop-ian, feccre, ordinare. 
ScvAm, part, pa. Qjuelified. Barbour. 

A.& sceapen, ordinetut. 
SCHARETS. V. Scherald. 
SCH A YELLING, s. One wbo has the 
Ronrrish temore, one thmtiu Charteris. 
To SCH AW, V. a. To shew. Bougfas. 

A. & sceavMtn, id. 
SCHAW, SCHAGH, ». L A wood, a 
grove. WaUaee, 

Sn.G. skog^ Ir.Geel. Mcg/taj, id. 
S. Shade, cofert. Douglas. 

Su. G. fkmgga, umbra. 
ScHAWAtnorais, 5. /?/. Wanderers in the 
woods, subsisting by bunting. Wynt. 
Schaw, S. a wood, and A. S. loeoWan, 
SCH AWME, 8. V. ScHAyM. 
To SCHED, o. a. 1. Todiride. 

A.S. scead-ant id. Gatrananif (jro^. 

S. To sched the hair, to dmde the hair 

in combing, S. 

To ScBtD, Shed, v. n. To part Burel. 

ScRsn, s. One qfuantity separated from 

- another. Dougfas. 

Sea en, Scmeni, f. The division of the 

hair, S. Hudson. 

SCHEIDIS, s.pL Distances. 

Gawan and Got. 
Germ, seheide, interrallum loci. 
To SCHEYFF, r. n. To escape. fTaUaee. 

Teut. sehutfff-en, to fly. 
SCHEILD, s. A common shore. 

A.S. scdle, terrac concaTitas. 



SCH AND, a^;. 1. Shining^ bright. 

2. Beauttliil. ITyntawu 

A.S. seen, Su.G. akont skion, id. 
ScHSKi, Scam, s. Beauty. BoukUe, 
SCHEIP-KEIPAR, «. Steward. 

V. ScArr. BannatyneP. 

SCHEL, SHEL, «. Shed for sheep. V. 
Shkal. Lyndsay. 

SCHELL. PADDOCK, «. The land- 
tortoise. • Watson^ 

Tent, schild'padde, tettodo. 
SCHELTRUM, s. V. Scmuanx. 
SCHENKiT,jNrrf./Ni. Agitated. 

Gawan and Got* 
Germ, tekwmek^en, motitare. 
SCHENT, part. /ya. 1. Confounded. 

2. Overpowered, overcome. Id. 

S. Degraded. Id. 

A.S. scend-an, confnndere. 
To ScHKKT, V. a. To destroy. Douglas. 
To ScBiNT, V. n. To go to ruin. JEvergr. 
RET, *. A green turf; shirrel, shirret, 
Aberd. Banflfs. BeUenden. 

Germ, scherr-en, terras sealpere; 
sckarte, fragmentum. 
SCHERE, SHEER, «<(;. Waggish, S. 

Teut. sckeer-en, illudere, nugari. 
To SCHERE, v.n. To divide. Doug. 
ScHERK, Shear, «. The parting between 
the thighs, S. Dou^as* 

StHBRE-BANB, ShEAE-BANE, «. The 0</>W- 

6/«, S. 
SCHERENE, *. Syren. BannatyneP. 
To SCHETE, V. a. To shut Douglas. 

A. S. scytt-an, id. 
SCHEWE, jyret. Shove. Douglas* 


billet of wood. Douglat. 

2. A chip, a splinter. Id» 

3. A large piece of flesh cut off*. Id. 
A. S. scide, a billet of wood. 

ScniDiT, To ScHJDf part, pa. Cloven. 

Teut. scfieyd-eut dividere. Douglas. 
SCH I ERE, «. Visage, mien, 

GatiHtn and Gol. 

O. Fr. chiere, id. ; Isl. kioer, conditio. 


an» SCOB, V. ». To sew climiBly, S. 
SCOB, «. I. A splint S. 
S. In pU the ribs of a basket, Ang. 
T«ut. ickobbet sqaana. 
To ScoB atkcpjt, to fix cross rods in a bee- 

SCOB, ff. An instrumeDt for seoopiDg, 

SCOB-SEIBOW, s, 1. An onion that is 
allowed to remain in the ground during 
winter, S. 

9. The young shoot from an onion, of 
the second year's growth, & 
SCOLL. V. SKot- 
SCOLDER, 5. The oyster-catcher, Orkn. 

SCOMER, SKOMER, t. AsmelUfeast 
Belg. tckutfmert id. DuiAar, 

To suffocate, S. Rou* 

2. V. n. To be stifled, & Ibid, 

Ital. sconfigg-eref to discomjit. 
SCON, s. A cake. V. Skow. 
To SCONCE, V. a. To extort, Ang. 
To SCONE, V. a. To beat with the open 
hand, & Suddiman. 

Isl. tkoyn-a, Su.G. iken-Ot leriter 
SCOPIN, «. A qnan-veasd. V. Scour, v. 

SCOREY, «. The brown and white guIL 
Orkn. V. Scadrix. Barry. 

To SCORN, V, a. To rally a young wo- 
man, by pretending that such a one is 
in suit of her, 8. RitPm, 

ScoaniNo. «. Rallying of thn kind, S. 
SKRAP, SKRIP, V. n. To mock, to 
gibe;«crii/w, Fife. Jfmix. 

Su. G. tkrapp-a, jactare se ; Teut 
aehrobb'eni convttiari. 
8COTCH.GALE, *. Myrica gale, & 

Belg. gagkel, pseudo-myrtus. 

WATTRE. the Frith of Forth. Goodal, 
SCOTTIS SE, the Frith of Forth 

A.S. SccttisC'SaCf id. Barbour, 

SCOTTISWATH, t. Solway Frith. V. 


Scom-WATms. PhJkeHmu 

A.S. wad, a ford. 
To SCO U6, V. n. V. Skog, v. S. 
To SCOUNGE, V. n. 1. Togo about like 

a dog, especially aa catoiDg for food» & 
Su. G. skynd»a, procurare. 

2. To pilfer, Strathmore. 
SCOUNRYT. V. SctTNifXK. Bar^nr. 
To SCO UP, or Skoui* aft, v. a. To drink 

oflT, S.B. 

O. Teut. schoep'-en, to drink. 
Scour, «. A draogbt of any liquor, SLR. 
SCOUP, SCOWP, $. 1. Abondanccof 

room, S. 

S. Liberty of conduct, S. V. Scovr, t. 


To SCOUP, SCOWP, e. n. To leap or 

move hastily from one place to another, 

S.B. B^iffL 

IsL skop-Ot discurrere. 
Scour-HOLX, «. A subterfuge. Clelmmd, 
ScouPTAa, SKOuna,«. I. Adaoocr. JTnor* 

2. A light unsettled person. Poiwart. 
SCOUR, $. The diarrhoea, whether ia 

man or beast, S. Ess. HigkL Soa 

To SCOUR dill, V. a. To drink oC S. 

A metapb. use of the E. v. J, NicoL 
To SCOURGE the ground, to exhaust the 

strength of the soil, & Siai. Aec 

To SCOUT, v.a.\. To pour forth any li- 
quid substance forcibly, S. J* SleoL 

2. V. n. To fly off quickly, S. Ibid. 
Su. G. skiut-Oy jaculare. 
SCOUTH, SCOWTH.f. I. Liberty to 

range, S. DahympU. 

2. Freedom to conyerse without re- 
straint, S. Ross. 

3. Room. Poems Buck. Dial. 

4. Abundance ; as scouth of meat, Ac 

Isl. skott, an uninterrupted coun^ 
jugis cursus ; skott-a, frequenter curst- 
SCOUTHER, s. A flying shower. Loth. 

Isl. skiot-a, cito vehere. 

SCOUTI-AULIN, s. The Arctic gull. 

Orkn. V. ScArruRC. AW^. 


•corch, S. pron. scowther, Jhtmbar. 


IiLnvfiU, Dm. tmd-er, S11.G. neei-a, 
ScowsBB, f. A iMsty touting, so as digbt- 

ly to burn, S.; Isl. sunde, adustio. 
SCOWMAR, f. A pirate, a conair. 

Belg. xee-schuymert a sea^over. 
SCOWRY, adj. Showery, a Ftrguton. 

A.SL sair, imber. 
SCOWRY, SCOURIE, o«t;. 1. Shabby 
in appeaiBDce, S. Dunbar, 

fi. Mean in conduct, niggardly, S.O. 
3. Appearing as if dried or parched, 
8. A. Corr.from £. scurvy, GU Sibb, 
Scomuz, t. A scurvy fellow, S.O. 

R, GaUoway, 
SCRAB, t, I. A crab-apple. Douglas, 
Belg. tehrobb-en, mordicare. 
2. In pL stumps of heath or roots, S.B. 

SCR ABBE R, $, The Greenland dove. 

To SCRALL, 9.^ II. To crawl. Hudson. 
To SCRAPE, V, n. To express scorn, 

Fife. V. ScoRp. 
SCRAPIE, t. A miser, S. 
To SCREED, SKREED, v. a. 1. To 
rend. S. Boss, 

2. To defame. Morison, 
Isl. sArttia, mine montium; skridn^, 


3. To talk frequently and facetiously, S. 

Farmers Ha, 
Scaisn, SKasBD, c. 1. The act of rending, 

2. Hie sound made in rending, S. 

3. Any loud shrill sound, S. J. Ntcol. 

4. The thing that is torn off, S. 

5. A dissertation, a harangue, S. 


6. A long list or catalogue, S. BeaUie, 

7. A hard bout at drinking, S. 

8. Regarding immorality in general. 


To ScRKXT) APr, V. a. To do any thing 

quickly, S. Fergttsofu 

SCR EG, s- A cant term for a shoe. S. 


ahriek, S. Bamsay, 

Su.G. skrik-a, Tociferari. " 


Scanc, ScmTKz, s. Shriek, S.B. Don^s, 
SCRENOCH, s. V. Scaoivoca. 
SCRY, s. Noise. V. Scar. 
SCRIBAT, prei. v. Jeered. V. Scorp. 

To tease wool, a , Stat, Ace. 

Teut sekrabb-en, to scrub. 
SCRIDDAN, f. A mountain torrent. 


Isl. skridn-Ot labascere. Stat. Ace. 

To SCRIEVE. V, a. To scratch, scrape, 

Ang. Flandr. sehraeff-en^ radere. 
ScRiCTK, s. A large ftcratch, Ang. 
move swiftly along. ilumf. 

Isl. skref-a^ gradi; skreft gressuS, 
SCRIEVE, s. Any tfiing written, S. 

Teut schrijven, to write. 
To SCRIEVE, V. n. To talk famih'arly in 

continuation, & 
ScRiEVR, «. Aconyersation of this kind, & 

Su. G. skraefw^t to rant, to rattle. 
To Script, Skrift, v. n. To magnify in 
narration, to fib, S, 

IsL skraf-ot fabulari, scrarf, nugae. 
ScRTFT, s, A fabrication, & 
7*0 Script, Skrift, v. n. To rehearse from 
memory, Ang. Isl. skrift, scripture, q. 
to rehearse from writing. 
ScRirr, Skript. *. A recitation, properly 
from memory, & A. Nicol, 

SCRIM, s. Very thin coarse cloth, used 
for making blinds for windows, buck- 
ram, .^.c. S.B. Stat. Ace, 
To SCRYM, V. n. To skirmish. Barbour, 
Germ, schimi-en, scrim^cn, pugilare. 
ScRTMMAor, s. A skirmish. WaUaoe. 
To SCRIMP, SKRIMP, v, a. I, To 
straiten, as to food or money, & 

2. To straiten, in a general sense, S. 


Germ, sehrump-en, Su*G. skrutnp^p 


Scrimp, a</^ 1. Scanty, narrow, S. scrim' 

pit. Boss. 

2. Contracted ; applied to clothes, & 



J. Limited, not ample. Wodrom. 

4. Deficient, as to mind. Bamsay* 
ScMMFLT, adv> Sparingly, S. Waiker. 
SCRIP, $. A mock. V. Scoap. WaUace. 
SCRIPTURE, i. A pencase. Fr. escrip^ 

toire, id. Douglas 

SCROG, «. A stunted shrub, & Lyndsay. 

Geim. sehrag, obliqous. 
ScaoGGT, Skrogot, aij. 1. Stunted, S. 


5. Abounding with stunted bushes, S. 



tumult, Aberd. Sktr^fU 

Sw. jih^oen, clamor stridulus. 

SCROOFE, SCRUFE, #. 1. A thin 

crust of any kind, S. E» Bruce. 

2. Money th^t is both thin and base. 

Su. G. Mkorf, the scurf of a wound. 
ScmuFAK, i. A thin scurfy as, a scnrfan of 
ice, &B. 

Sq.G. skr^t glades rare. 
SCROPPIT, adj. Sordid. Bannaiyne P. 
Belg. schrobben, to scrub, tchrobber, a 
mean fellow. 
SCROW, SKROW, s. A scroll, S. 

SCROW, s. The minute cancri observed 
in pools and springs, S. Sibbald. 

SCRUBIE, «. The scurry, S. 

ScttDBiB-ORAss, 5. Scurvy.gras8, S. 
To SCUD, V. a. I. To dust with a rod, S. 
Su.G. skudd-Of eicutere. 
2. To beat with the open hand, S. 
To SCUD,t;. a. To quaff, Loth. Ramsay. 
Teut. schuddeHf Su. G. skudd-Ot fun- 
SCUDLER, SCUDLAR, #. A scullion. 
Teut. tcfiotel, a plate, a dish. Wallace. 
To Scorr, v. a. 1. To graze. S. Boss. 
Teut schuyv-^n, Su.G, skuff-a, E. 

2. To tarnish by frequent wearing, S. 
5. To scuffs or icuff about, to wear as 
a drudge, S. 
To SCUG, V, a. To shelter. V. Saue. 


SCULDUDRY, s. A turn used in a lo. 

dicrous manner, to denote those eanscs 

which respect some breach of chastity, 

S. Xmwuay. 

IsL skuiid, a finilt; Ir. MgaldrwA, a 

SCULL, s. A shallow basket, & V. 

SaaL. Stat. Ace 

To SCULT, SKULT,v.a. Tobcaiwtfk 

the palm of the hand, S. 
Isl. OcM, skeUde, diverbero 
SCUM, f. A ^cdy feUow» a 


Ital. sconfigg-erep id. WaOaee. 

SCUNCHEON, s. A rtone ronning i 

projecting angle, S. 

Germ, schanise, £• tcomect q. a bu- 

To SCUNNER, SCOUNER, r. u, 1. 

To lothe. S. OeUmd. 

2. To surfeit, S.B. 

S. To shudder at any thing. PtseeUk. 

4. To hetiute from torapoloaity ol 

mind. Wodrm:. 

B. To shrink back from fear. Bmrbsm. 
A.S. icun-ion, Titarc^ aufogcre, timen 


thing, S. B»tt. 

A.S. scunnung, abominstioD. 

2. A surfeit, S.B. 
SCURDY, f. A moorstone, & Slat. Aa. 

Isl. skord-a, colloco fiimitcr. 
SCURL, SKURL, s. A dry acafab &* 

from scurf. . 
SCURLY, «{;. Opprobrious, Loch. Fr. 


RIOUR, s. I. A scout WaBec 

Fr. escur-er, to scour. 

2. An idle vagrant. B'uddrmn. 

SCUSHIE, s. A cant term for moocf. 

Aberd. Sk»T>f^ 

SCUSIS,;!/. Excuses. Bwr- 

lul. scusa, an excuse. 
SCUTA RDE, s. One who has lost tht 

power of retention. V. Sc^ocr. jDm^. 
To SCUTCH, o. a. 1. To beat. B^Ls. 

2. To scutch lint, to separate flax ftoa 

the rind, S. 


Ital. teutie-are, id. £. teoieh* 
To SCUTL£, V. o. To pour from ooe 
▼eiiel CO another, often including the 
idee of spilling, S. 

III. gutl^f liquids moTeo» et agito 
cum ionitu. 
ScoTLCs* t, pL Any liquid thet ha« been 

tosted from one Tesiel Co another, S. 
SB, 5. Seac, residence. Douglas. 

S£t s. The tea. Barbour. 

SEA-COULTER, s. The puflSn. Sibbald. 
SE A.HEN, s. The lyra, a Bab. SMald. 
SEA.PIET, t. Pied ojiter-caCcfaer, & 

Stat. Ace. 
8£A-SWINE» i. The wrasw, S. Sibb. 
SEA-TOD, s. A speciea of wrasse. Sith. 
BEAM, $. The wotIl at which a woman 

sews, S. Fr. jem«, id. 
SEATER, 9. A meadow, Orkn. 

StatiU. Ace. 
iffMTw. saeter, pasture for cattle ; Isl. 
MoetuTt pascua. 
SEY, s. The coal-flsh, S. Stat. Ace. 
Isl. icidt foetura asellomm minute. 
SECRET, s. A coat of mail concealed 
under one's usual dress. Cromartjf^ 

SEDEYN, Mg. Sudden. Wallace. 

SEDULL, s. A schedule. tTaUace. 

SEED-BIRD, #. A sea-fowl, &A. 

Statist. Ace. 
SEE0.POULLIE, f. The wagtaa & 
Q. seed-fowl J Su.G. saedf andjugl. 
To SEEK, V. a. To attack. V. Soocur. 
To SEEK one's meat, to beg, S. 
SEELFU*, adj. Pleasant. V. Sulfo*. 
To SEETHE, v.n. To be nearly boiUng, 

To SEFOR, V. a. To save. V. Savke. 

Priests Peblis. 
To SEG. SEYG, «. n. 1. To fall down. 

S. MeCaph. applied to the influence of 
. intoxicating liquor, S. B. Morison. 

Su. G. Isl. sig-Of subsidere, delabi. 
SEG, 8EGG, s. The yellow flower^e- 
luce, S. JJghtfoQU 

A.S< seegt Fland. segge, id. 
SEGE, s. 1. A soldier. Wattace. 

A.$. secg, id. 
2. Man, in a general sense. Douglas. 


SEGE, <. 1. A seat ; properly, of dignity; 

Fr. siege. Barbour. 

2. A see. Aas Ja. V. 

SzoYT, part. pa. Seated. Wyntovm. 

SEGG, s. BuU-seg, an ox that has been 
gelded at his full age, & 

Isl. sag-a, secare; «^(/-o, gramen ae- 
care falculo. 

To SEY, V. a. To assay. V. Sxr. 

Sky, Say, s. 1. A trial. tTallace. 

S. An attempt of any kind, & 

SxT-rxxcK, Sat-pibcs, s. a piece of work 
performed by a craftsman, as a proof of 
•kill, S. Ferguson, 

SEY, s. The ooaUfiah. V. Src. 

To SEY, V. a. To strain any liquid, S. 
IsL «y.a, A. S. se-'Oiit percolare. 

SsT-DisH, s. The scarce used for straininj^ 
S. Isl. sij, TeuL s{fgh, a strainer. 

SEY, s, 1. The seam which runs under the 
arm, S. 

2. The back bone of a beere being cut 
up, the one side is called the forc'sey, 
the other the back-sey. The latter is 
the surloin, S. Bamsay. 

IsL sega, portiuncula; Dan. «^, a 

SEY, s. A wooUen cloth, formeriy mada 
by families for their own use, S. Bitson. 

SEY, <. The sea. Douglas. 

Sirr-FAia, o^/* ^^ ibring. Act Sed, 

SEIBOW, SEBOW, s. A young onion, 
a O.Fr. cibo, id. Calderwood. 

SEYD, s. A sewer, Ang. 

Tent, sodef canalis; Su.G. saud, a 

To SEYG, V. n. To sink. V. Sso. 

To SEIL, V. a. To strain. A'elly, 

Su. G. sU»a. id. ; stl, a straining dish. 

SEILDYN, 8ELDYM, adv. Seldom. 

A. S. seldan, Isl siaOdan, id. 

SEILE, SEYLE, SELE, s. Happiness. 
&B. Barbour, 

Su. G. saellt happy, IsL usela, happi- 

SxiLT, Sbblt, adfj. Happy. Seely IFigktSp 
and Seely Court, nameb given to the £ii- 
ries. Pop. BalL 

Tcut teelig, teHg, beatut. 


SsiLru*, ScBLFO*, a4i. Pleasant* S.B. 

To SEYM*, V. a. To consecrate. V. 



adv. Seldom ; pnm. sindU, Lotfa. temil, 

&0. seejul, &B. BelUnden, 

Su.G. Mtfn; saender, aingulua. 

SuiTDLi, SiMOLB, oi^. Rare, S*$eenU, S.B. 


To S£ YNE, o. a. Jo see. WaUace. 

SEYNE, s. A sinew. WaUace. 

Germ. tetUf id. 
SEINGN Y, s, A synod, a consistory. 

O.Fr. sanct A.S. seomUA, a synod; 
Teut. tejpte, iL 
To SEJOYNE, V. a. To diqoin. 

Lat t^ung-o. R. Bruce, 

SEIR, SERE, a4}. Several. ITa^face. 
Su. G. Mcr, adT. denoting separation. 
SEYNITY, L. teynUy, signaL 

Gawanand GoL 
SEIR, f. Uncertain. Gawon onif 6'o/. 
S£IS» jd. 1. Seats. Pa/. Hon. 

2. Thrones. V. Sk, s. I, LywUay. 
SEIS, «. jd. Times. V. Sris. 
SE 1 ST A R, 9, The sistrum. Burtl. 

Fr. sisfnr, a kind of brazen timbreU. 
SEITIS, f. pi. Plants or herbs. Dou§. 
A.S. Jc<«ii,planta. 
&/«^ & slips of flowers 
SEKER, adj. Finn. V. SiCKza. 
SELABILL, adj. Delightful. Douglas. 
SELCHT, SELCHIE, #. A seal, S. 
selch. Complayni S. 

A. S. selcj seolc, phoca. 
SELCOUTH, atff. Strange. JFyntovm. 

A.S. tel.<uihf rania» insolitus. 
SELE. s. Happiness. V. Szilz. 
SELE, t* A yoke for binding cattle in the 
stall. . 

Su.G.sSelet a collar, a yoke. 
SELF, SELFF, aty. Same. BarboUr. 

A.S. tctfi Su.G. sialf, ipse. 
SELY, atf;. Poor, wretdied, & sa%. 

Su.G.jirf^, id. ITo/tocf. 

SELY, adv. Wonderfully. AfaitL P. 

A.S, scUie, id. 


SELKHORK, s. V. SmLioour. 
SEIiLAT, s. A head-piece for foot-sal- 
dien ; Fr. salade, Hiap, cdada. Dou^i. 
SELLOCK, t. A fisb. V. Sillok. 
pearance, shew. 

Fr. tembUuU, id. J}ou^fAs. 

To SEMBLE. v. a. To assemUew Dmt-. 
Skmslat, Ssmlat, Skmxu^ SaMKLs, u I. 
Meeting, interview. WaUaet* 

2. Act of assembling. WaBaee. 

S. An assembly. Wyntawn, 

4. Hostile reacountfCb JFoAace. 

Su.G. sanU-a, Dan. sam^^r, id. 
SiMBLAKiHS. Anassonbly. Wyttfwtu 
To SEMBYL, v. lu To make a wry 
mouth, in derisioa or foom, & to 
thanUde. Z>migias. 

hou amul-are, to countetlcift. 
SEMPLE, M{f. V. SYxni.u 
SEN, cof^, Sinop, seeing, & Dofugiau 
SEN, /ir(7». Since, S. Dmm^ktu 

StN Stmx, since that time. JFoOaor. 

Contr. from A.Si. $eoth-ihan, SilG. 
adnt, poster 
SEN, s. Filch. LaL jaa-<es, id. 2>0i^ias. 
SEND, adv. Then, thereafter. 

Teut si'yuf ; Su.G. s^itdais* deindc^ 
the same with fyne* q. ▼. 
SEND, s. 1. Mission, S. Abp. HamiUovT^ 
2. The nnessengers sent for the bride si 
a wedding. S.B. V. Satks. 
SENDYLL, adv. Seldom. V. SmrDix. 
SENYHE'. 1. An assemUy. V. Szotx. 
SENYHE', «. Badge worn in battle. 

O.Fr.jni^^ut^ Lats^-aai* HTynL 
SENON, s. A sinew, S. WoBacf. 

Belg. tetiuwenf Sicamb. sctkis, id. 
SENS, s. Incense. BeiUndn. 

To SENSE. V. n. To scent. reify. 

,tiraent, judgment. D^ugla^ 

SENSYNE. adv. V. Saw. 
SEN THIS, mdv. Hence. GL SSk6. 

SERD, pret. v. Served. V. Saik. r. 

SERE, adj. Several. V. Szia. 
SERE, adv. Eagerly; A.S. sore, id. 



jaSR£, J. fiir. Lord. V. Scbou 
To SERF, V. a. V. Siavi. DifUglat. 
iERGE, SIERGE, t. A taper, a torch. 
Fr. derne, » Uffe wix-candlej ft iUm- 
BERGEAND, f. 1. Aiquire; O.Fr. id. 
2k An inferior officer in a court of jus- 
tice. Skene. 
8ERTT, L. cryf, cried. Wallace. 
SERMONE, SERMOND, 5. Discourse. 
O.Fr. id. BeUeTUten. 
SERPLATHE, *. Eighty stones of wool. 
Fr. tarpiUiertt E. sarp^loth. Skene. 
To SERS, SEIRS, ». a. To sesrch. 

To SERVE, SERF, 8ERWE, v. a. To 
deserve. Wallace. 

SERUI ABLE, a4^ Active. Doug^. 
SERVITE, SERVYTE, t. A table nap- 
kin, a Spalding. 

Fr. serviette, TeuL servett, id. 
SESSION, SESSIOWN, s. The consis- 
tory, or parochial eldership in Scotland, 
& iTnodr* 

ScssioiiKR, f. A member of the Hsnan or 
consistory. Wodrow. 

To SET, v.a. To lease, & Wywtoum. 
Sr, s. a lease, S. Spotstoood. 

SiiTxa, «. One who lets out any thing for 
hire, S. BaHHe. 

To SET, v« a. 1. To beset Wjfntovm. 
2. To lay snares. Douglas, 

Stt.G. Isl. saeti-a, insidiaa struere. 
Sit, «. A gin or snare. Barbour. 

Su. G. aatoj inaidiae feris positae. 
SET, s. 1. The spot in a river, where sta-> 
tiooary nets are fixed, S. Law Case, 
S. The net thus set, S. Ilnd. 

Su.G. saelt-a ut et naet, to spread a 
SET, «. Attack, onset, S. Hoss. 

SET, #. Kind, manner, S. 

8u.G. saett, id. 
To SET, V. a. 1. To become one, as to 
manners, rank, 'merit, &c. S. Barbour. 
9. To become, as to dress, S. 

Bannatyne P. 
Z, Seuingfpmi, pf, Havoig a prepoa- 


MMiing appearance^ or natural graco» 

fulness of manner, S. R««»* 

Su.G. saet-a, convenire. 

SET, J. The chartered constitution of ft 

borough, S. Stat. Aco. 

A. S. saet'on^ constitoere. 

To SET after one, v. a. To pursue one, 8; 

Su. G. saettd after en, id. 
To SET o^, V. n. To go ftway, 8. 
SET, SETT, cor^. Though. fFaOaci. 

Perh. the imperat. of the v. 
• SET, jMirt. pa. Disposed, S. Douglas. 
Ill set cross-grained. Ruddiman. 

SETH, f. Coalfish. V. Sbath. 
SETfiILL, s. A disease affecting sheep 
intheside, S.B» 

A.S. sid-adlt lafteris dolor; or ^i itde- 


SETT, pret. Ruled. Sir Tristrenu 

A.S. sett^n, disponere. 
SETTING, s. A weight in Orkney, con- 
taining 24 marks. Skene* 
set, S.B. Journal Land. 
SETTRIN, SET RENT, #. The por- 
tion of a servant or cottager, consisting 
of different kinds of food, Ang. Perths. 
SETS, s. pi. Com in small sUcks, Loth. 
Isl. sate, Su.G. soota, cumulus faeni« 
SEUCH, SEWCH, #. 1. A furrow, & 
2. A gulf. I^ol. Hon. 
Sw. sog, cdluvies, Lat sulc^. 
To Skuch, ». fl. To divide. Dou^s. 

Lat sulc-are. 
SEUIN STERNE9, the Pleiades, S. 

SEW, pret. v. Sowed. Ihuglas. 

SEWANE, «. Uncertain. Douglas. 

SEW AN BELL, Perh. recotlectionOielL 
Fr. souvient. Dunbar. 

SEWANS, l,.sewaris, sewers. Houlate. 
SEX, adj. Six. V. Sax. Wyntounu 

SH< For words not found printed in thia 

form, V. ScH. 
SHABLE, SHABBLE, j. L A crook* 
ed sword, or banger. CotvUl* 

Su.G. Dan. Belg. salbel, id. 
2. An old rusty sword, ^ 


3. Any littlQ pwBon or thing, Stnttuo. 
Tq SH ACH, V, a. To distort; pt«t *liachi, 
laL skog'ih deflecten, aack^ur, obU« 

SuACH-EMD ofatueb, the fag-end, S.B. 
Td ^ACi9f<s, V. o. To distort frooi tbe pro* 

per shape of direction, S. Burnt* 

ShachUn, unsteady* infirro, S. 
StfAcau* <• Any thing worn out, S.9. 
To Shachi^ SvocimL, e. n. To shuffle in 

wfdkiqg, 9. A7r%. 

SUACKL£.BAN£, j* 1. The wrist, S. 


Q. the bone on which shackles ve fixed. 
SHAFT, s. A handle, S. Su.G. skaft. 
SHAFTS, t, A kind of woollen-doth, 

Aherd. Stat. Jcc. 

' SHAG, t. The refuse of barky, S. 
Su.G, shaeggf hair. 
To SH AK one's crap* to give Tent to one's 

ill humour, S.B. Shirrefs. 

To SHAK aja\ to nreatlo, ^ 22o««. 
SHAKE-BOWN, t, A temporary bed 

made on the floor, S. Pop. Ball* 

SHALE, u Alum ore^ & 
SHALLOCH, a^. Pk«tif«il Mmna* 

IsL Mol-a, operire, tegere. 
To SHAM, I;, fl. To strike, Loth, 
To SHAMBLi;, V. n. 1. To rack the 

limbs by striding, Ang. 

S. To make a wry mouth, S. 
. SkanbU chafls, wry mouth, S.B. Fvrb, 
SHAMLOCK, 1. A eow that has not 

caWed for two years, W. Loth. 
Gael, simlach, id. 
SH AMS^ s* pL Legs. Fr. jambeSf id. 
SHAN, adj. Silly, paltry, Loth. 


A.S. teandet Teut. tchande, dedecua. 

SHANGAN, «. A stick cleft at one end, 

for putting the tail of a dog in, S. V. 

Shamgiit. Burmt. 

To Shakoix, v. a. To inclose in a clefk 
. piece of wood, S» A. J, Xicoi, 

SH ANGIE, 5. A shackle that runs on the 

stake to which a cow is bound in the 

SHANGIE, adj. Tliin, meagre, S. 
Gael, twngf small, slender. 


SHANK ^« m, the pniierting point ot 

• hill, S. 
SHANK qfacoal mine, the pit sank for 
nachiog the coals, S. 
A. & jCTic^is, to sink. 
SHANKS, «. pi. V. ScBAXK. 
SiuNKUK, s. A man or beast that hm 

long small legs, Orkn. 
SHANNACH, t. A bonfire lighled <m 
Hallow-eve, Perths. ; also sAiniclf. 

GaeL tamhnag, aamh*-m, the givaft 
festival olverved by the Celts at the be> 
ginning of winter. 
Zb SHAPE awoy, v. a. To drive away. 
Germ. sehMhetit tekupf-ent to drive 
peison, a'scr^. Belg. seraghe, id. Aom. 
S. A weakly child, S.; also skargmm. 

Gael. uirgtUf sickly ; s«tr^, a 


SHARNv SHEARN, s. Hie dnog of 

oxen or cows, S. iZ. GaUomaym 

A.S. tcxamf Kris. soAem, dung. 

Sbaamt, a((/. Bedaubed with cows' dnog, 

SaAKKr-RAT, J. A cake of cows* dung 
mixed with coal-dross. S. 

SHARRACHIE, adj. Cold, chill, Aog. 

SHATHMONT, r. A measure of six 
inches. V. Schaftmon. JEilson. 

SHAVE, SHEEVE, 5. A slice, & 

Belg. tdijif', a round slice. Bamu^. 

To SHAVE, v.a. Tosow, Aberd. ; skam, 

SH AVER, 9. A wag, S. GL Skirr. 

SH AULING, «. The act of killing sal- 
mon by means of a a leister, S. A. hum 
E. shailow, Stat. uiec. 

SH AUP, r. 1. The husk, & 

2. An empty person. Samtoy. 

Teut tchelpi putamen, Isl. tkaip, ts- 

SHAWS, pl» The foliage of escitlcnt 
roots, S. Omrant. 

Teut. tchawct umbra. 

.I4IN, t. 1, A hut, or residoBce lor 


* tiion who have the ewe of shce^, fll 

S. A but for fiahermen, S. Law Case. 
9. A shed for sheUeriiig aheep during 
night, & 

4. A cottage for ■portmen, S. 

Statist. Jcc. 

5. Wynter sckelis, wintv quarters. 


6. A nest for a 6eld mouse. Henry sane, 
Isl. sa0(» domuncula aesttva in mon- 

tania; Su.G.4M^ Isi. skaU, a cottage. 
Ta SuxAL, SaniL, «. a. To put sheep un- 
der co?er» S. Boss. 
To SHEAL, V. a. To take the busks off 

seeds, & Statist. Ace. 

Belg. scAeel'^n, A.8*seeal-iani to shell. 

To SHEAR, SCHEIR, r. a. 1. To cut 

down com with the sickle, S. 

8. To reap, in general, S. Lyndsay. 
SnAaaa, s. 1. One employed in cutting 

down corn, S. Httdson. 

8. In a general sense, a reaper, S. 
Su. G. shxer-a, metere, falce secare. 
SuKAiuN, f. 1. The act of cutting down 

com, Sb A. Douglas. 

2. Harvest In general, & 
SHEAR-KEAVIE, s. The cancer de- 

purator. Loth. 
SHEAVE, s. A sUce, & V. Shat*. 
SHED, s. A portion of land, as distin- 
guished horn that which is adjacent, S. 
A.S. sceati-an, Teut scheyd-en, se- 

SHED, s. The interstice between the 

different parts of the warp in a loom, S. 
SHEDE, s. A slice, S.B. Sir Gawan. 
To Shied, v, a. To cut into slices, S. B. 
SHEEN iflhe ee^ the pupil of tlie eye, 

SHEEVE, f. A slice. V. Shays. 
SHEIMACH, s. A Und of bass made of 

straw or sprot'topet plaited, on which 

panniers are bung, Meams. Gl. Sibb, 
GaeL sumag, a pack-saddle, A.S, 

seam, sarcina jumentaria. 
SHEIMACH, s, A thmg of no iralne, 



i9H£EP-R0T, s. Butterwort, an heil^ 

SHEEI^S-SILLER, s. Common Mica, 8. 

SHELL. Scarcely out ^the shell yet imp- 
plied to young persons who affect some- 
thing beyond their years, S. 

SHELLt^COAT, s. I* A spirit, suppo- 
sed to reside in the waters, S. 

Minstr, Sard. 
S. A bum-bailiff, Loth. Ferguson. 

SHELM, «. A rascal. Fr. id. Melva. 

SHELTIE, I. A horse of the smallest 
siae, S. Martin. 

Perh. com from Shetland, Dan. 

SHEPHROA, s. A piece of female dresi. 


SHEUCH, *. A furrow, & V. SaucH. 

To Shcoch, SmroH, v. a. To lay plants in 
the earth, before they are planted out, & 

To SHEVEL, ©. a. To distort, S. 
SheveUing'gabbit, q. having a distorted 
mouth. V. Showl. Ramsay. 

To SHXveL, e. n. To walk in an unstea- 
dy and oblique sort of way, S. 

8HIACKS,«.;i/. Light black oats, varie- 
gated with grey stripes, having beards 
like barley, S.B. Stat. Ace. 

Su. G. shaecky variegated. 

SHILPA, SHILFAW, «. The chaffinch, 
S. Mary Stetbart, 

thing which breeds in the skin, resem- 
bling a small maggot, S. CaivQ. 

LEN, 5. Grain that has been freed from 
the husk, S. Dunbar. 

Shillin Sekds, the outermost husk of com 
that is ground, after being separated 
from the grain, S. 

The frame or rail laid on a common 
cart, for carrying a load of hay, S. 
2. The lougitudinal bars of the sides of 
a muck-bodied or close cart. Loth. 

SHILPIE, SHILPIT, adj, 1. Insipid, 
applied to fermented liquors, S. Waverly. 

Su. G. skaell^ insipidus, aquosus. 
2. Of a sickly colour, often shUpit4ike, 
S. GL Sibb. 



S. Applied to ears of corn not well fill- 
ed, S.B. Teut. tckelpt putamen. 

SHILVINS, 5.;!/. Rails that fixed the 
rungs which fonned the body of a cart, 

Su. G. skelwingj paries intergerinus. 

To SHIMMER, ». n. To shine. V. 
Skimmerin. Ritson. 

SHINICLE, #. V. Shamnach. 

SHINTY, s. 1. An inferior species of 
golfi S. ' Stat, Ace. 

S. The club or stick used in playing, & 
Ir. ikon^ a club. 

•SHIPPER, s. A shipmaster. PUicottie. 

SHtRLES, s. pi. Turfs for fuel, Aberd. 

V. ScHIftALD. 

SHIRROT. s. A turf or divot, Banff's. 


SHIRT, s. Wild mustard. CU, Sibb. 

SHIRRAGLIE, «. A broil. Loth. 

Su.G. skurigla, increpare. 

SHIT, «. A contemptuous designation for 

a child, S. Poiwart. 

£. chit i Ital. dtot puer, puella. 

SHOCHLING,;)arf.;n-. Used metaph., 

apparently in the sense of mean, paltry. 

V. Sbachle. Mamtay. 

SHODE-SHOOL, «. A wooden shovel, 

shod with iron, S.B. ff^atton. 

SHOES, t-pL The rind of flax, S., sama 

with shows. 
To SHOOT, V. n. To push off from the 
shore in a boat, or to continue the 
course in casting a net, S. B. Law Case. 
To. SHOP, V. n. To rap. V. Chap. 

SHORE, s. The prop used in construct- 
ing flakes for inclosing cattle, S. A. 

Battle Flodden. 
Teut. schoore, fulcimeo, Isl. skurt 
To SHORE, V. a. To count, to reckon, S. 

Su.G. skor'<i, to mark. 
Suoaz, f. Debt. Godly Sangs. 

To SHORE, V. a. 1. To threaten. V. 
ScuoK, f . 

2. To offer, S.O. ' Bums. 

SHORT» a4f. Laconic and Urt, & 

B* Bruce. 


SHOT, «. 1. A atroke or mort in pUy*, SI 


2. Aim, object in view. BoOk. 

SHOT, s. To begin new shot, new bod, ta 

begin any business de novo, SiB. 
SHOT. To come shot, to succeed, & 

Teut schot, prorentus. 6^ Skin, 
SHOT, s. Shot of ground, plot of Itadg 

Loth. Su.G. skoei, angulus. 
SHOT, s. The wooden spout by which 

water is carried to a mill, S. 
SHOT, s. A kind of window. V. Scbor. 
SHOT, s. 1. The spot where fishermen 

are wont to let out their nets, S.B. 

Xav Case. 

2. The sweep of a net. S.B. JUd. 
Teut. schote, jaculatio. 
SHOT, s. v. Elfshot. 
SHOT-ABOUT, a<;. Striped of nrioos 

colours, S.A. from sAoo^mg sbattln al* 

ternately. GLSUb, 

SHOT-BLED, s. The bUde firom whidi 

the ear afterwards issues, S. shot-Hade. 

SHOTS, s. pi. The buckets of a milK 

wheel, &B. 
SHOTT, s. An ill^-grown ewe, &0. 

Statist. Ace, 
SHOTTLE, 04;. Short and thick, S.B. 
SHOTTLE, J. A drawer. V. Saoma 
SHOULFALL, s. The chaffinch, & 

To SHOWD, ». n. To waddle. V. 


SHOWERS, s.pL Throes, & 

To SHOWL, V. a. To sAotof one's moath, 

to distort the face, &B. ShevO, SO. 
Su.G. skaelg. Germ, scheel, obUquaa 
SHUCKEN. s. Mill-dues. V. Svcta. 
To SHUE, V. a. To spare fowls, SL 

Germ, scheuch-en, id. 
SHUE, 1. The amusement in E. cslW 

Tettertotter, S. 
To Shus, v. w. To play at see-saw, S. 
Sbucsgik-shux, s. a swing, S. from thog 

and shue. 
SHUIL, s. A sboreL V. Schoil. 
SHUNNERS, Cindeisi Aberi 


tnt SHUTE A-BSAD, to die, &B. 
SHUTTLE, SHOTTLE, «. 1. A small 
drawer. & ' Hamilton* 

' S. A till in a ibop, S. 
<8. A box in a cbett, S. 
Id. UeiuiU^ niensa parva. 
filB, SIBB, 04^. Related by blood, & 

A.S. siht conaanguineus. Skene* 

SfBMAN, t. A relation. Barbour. 

fiiBMis, «. 1. Propinquity of blood, S. 

Rtg. Mqj. 

2. Relation^ metepb. used, S. Guthrie, 

8IBBENS, t. V. SiwxKs. 

61 C SICK, SIK, 01(7. Such, a V. 

SwiLK. Douglat. 

Sicuy, Sbkih, oi^. Such kind o£ 

MaUland P. 
SicKLiKC, adj. Of the lame kind, S. 
SicKUKB, odtr. In the same manner. 

Skwtsx, adv. On Mich wiia Dougloi. 
SYCHT, 1. 1. Sight, S. 

S. Regard, respect. Sdlenden, 

To SicHT, SiGBT, P.O. To -inspect, S. 

Sight tfthe ee, the pupil, S. 
610BT, t. A station whence fiabers observe 
the motion of salmon in a riTcr, S. 

Law Case, 

To SioBT, V. a. To spy iiab in the water 

from the banks, in order to direct the 

casting of the net, S. B. Ibid, 

SiQHTMAK, t. A fisherman who watches the 

approach of salmon, S. Statist. Ace, 

SICK, «. Sickness, S.B. 

Su.G. siuk-a. Germ seucke, id. 


KAR,S£K£R, 04}. 1. Secure, S. 

Abp, Samiltoun, 

2. Free from care. « Douglas. 

3, Denoting assurance of mind. 

Jibp. Hamiltoun. 

4. Denoting the effect Wallace, 

5, Cautious in mercantile transactions, 

5. Pop, BaU, 

6. Possessing a solid judgment, S.B. 


7. Denoting preciseness in speech, S. 
Su.G. scker, stAtrr, Isl. seigTt Germ. 

skher, Bclg. zeker, C.B. sicer^ id. 


SiCKULY, adv. 1. Firmly, S 

Ahp, Hamittouxu 
2. Smartly, regarding a stroke, a 

SicKxaKKss, s. Security, S.B. Bur.Lataes, 
SICKRIFE. a4;. Slightly lick. & 
SIDE, SYDE, adj, I, Hanging low, & 
Su.G. «u^ I&L ridrt demissus. 
2. Late, aB. 

Moes.G. seithot sero; A. a sidesta, 
SIDE- 1 LL. t. V. Sethill. Pop, BaU, 
SYDia I^ Cuts of flesh. Douglas. 

SYDLINGia SIDELINE a(ft;. 1. Sido 
by side. Lyndsaif, 

2. Obliquely, not directly, a 
SiDxuNG, atlj, 1. Having a decliTity, a 

2. Oblique, as to discourse, a Ross, 
SYE, «. The sea. Dou^s. 

SYE, s, A coalfish. V. Sbath. Stat. Ace 
SIERGE, s. A taper. V. Scaci. 
SIGNIFERE, s. The Zodiac, Lat. 

jr. Quair. 

SIGONALE, f. L. as in Ma, supotude, 

perhaps a plate, or basket; Lat. sup* 

pon-ere. Houlate. 

SYia SYISa SYSa SEIS, # . pi. Times; 

fele syist oft syss. V. Stfth. Barbour. 

SYISa SYSE, s. Sice^ at dice ; Fr. six. 

Bannatyne P. 
SYITH. SYTH, s. Times. Douglas. 

A. a sithe, Moes.G. sintha, vices. 
SIKE, SYIK, SYK, s. 1. A rill, S. 

A. a sic, sulcus aquarius ; IsL s{jk, ri- 

2. A manhy bottom, with a small stream 
in it Wyntown. 

To SIKE, V. a. To cause to sigh. 

JT. Quair. 
SiKiKo, #. Sighing. Sir Gawan. 

A.S. sic-aut id. Su. G. «£l/, a sigh. 
SI KKIN. at^. V. under Sic. 
SIL, SI LL, 8. A billet. Douglas. 

A.a syl, a post 

SILDER, s. Silver, Ang. A, Nicoi. 

To SILE, SYLE, SYLL, v. a, I, To 

blindfold. More, 

3. To hide, to conceal. Godly Songs., 



O.Fr. cilUer, liA-r, siil-er, fennerlo* 
yfiux ; Lat> cil-ium. 
SruNQ, *. Ceiling. Z» Bo$fiL 

To SYLE, v.a. 1. To circumTcnt 

2. To betray. Maitiand P. 

A.S. stfl-ant to betray. 
To SILE, SYLE, v,a. To strain. Loth. 

Su. G. i»(-a, colaro ; sil, a strainer. 
SILIT, part, pa. Perhaps, given ; A.S. 
SjfUan, dare. Gawan afi<2 Gol» 

To SYLL, V. a. To cover. V. Silk. 
3 YLL, «. A seat of dignity. 

Gawan and Got. 
A.S. tyUa, a seat, a chair. 
SILLABE, ». A syllable, S. A,a 

SIi.L£R,«. A canopy. SirGauwth 

O. Fr. cieie, a canopy. 
SILLER, s. 1. Silver, S. Bamsay. 

S. Money in general, S. Mart/ Stewart, 
Siller, a<(/. Belonging to silver, S. 

StattMt. Ace» 
SILLY, at\}, I . Lean, meagre, S. 

2. Weak, from disease, S. Montgomerie, 

3. FraiJ, as being mortal. Z. £oyd, 

4. In a state which excites compassion, 

5. Mutherfin-d. 

5. Fatuous, & V. Sxlt. ffodrow, 

6. Timid, pusiUanimoas. Spalding, 

fry of the coal-fish, Orkn. SiatUt, A€C, 
SILLIST, adj. Released from labour for a 
time, Pcrths. 

Moes. G. sU-atit tranquillus esse. 
SYLOUR, «. Canopy. V. Sillxr. 

Gawan and Gol. 
SILVER.MAILL, t. Rent paid in mo- 
ney. V. Ma ILL. 
To SILVERIZE, v. a. To cover with tU- 

ver-leaf, S. 
SYMER, SIMMER, «. Summer. 


Simmer trxis, s,pl. May-poles. ActiJa, VL 

SIMMONDS,^.;^. Ropes made of heath 

and of empetrum nigrum, Orkn. 

IsL simct funiculus. 


1. Low-bom, S. WaUace. 

?. Low in present drcumstance a. Wjfnt* 


5. Not po88«faing ftrengtb. Bahomr, 

4. Meap, vulgar. Henrynw. 
Fr. sfm;>/e, common, ordiiiary. 

5. A term exciting pity. Cikr, & P. 
STMFTLLr, adv, Meanly. Itarfioiir. 
SINACLE, $. A vestige, a& JZon. 

Fr* id. from Lat. ngnocuHiflk 
SYNP, i. Appearance, aspect. Bmd, 

Su.G. syn, fades. 
To SYND, SIND, SEIN, v. a. 1. To 
wash sUgbtly, S. originally suggoting 
the idea of making the sign of the aw. 
V. Sake. lf«fw* 

2. To dilute; •% to 9^ dtm ooe'f 
neat, S. 
STMn, Syni, s. 1. a slii^t ahlniioiv & 
2. Drink, aawaabiDg the throat, S. 

To SINDER, V. a. To sunder, S. 
T\> Shtoer, v. fu To part, to stpsnte,& 

A.S. tyndr'ianf aeparare. 
SiHnRY, adj, I. Sundry, & J)ou^ 

A. Sw iindrig, id. 
2. In a sute of disjunction, & 
Stndrelt, adv. Severally. Wynto9n» 

SmnRYif Bs, f . A state of separation or db- 
persion. J^yitoiw* 

SIN DILL, adv. V. Sewdle. 
SYNE, adv. L Afterwards, & J»*w. 
2. Late, aa opposed to ioon, BaSk. 
A.S. iaene, tardus; Teut««4po* 
SniE, cof^. Seeing, S. Wyntam* 

To SING, ». a. To singe. G*^^ 

A.S. MCTt^-on, Germ, tmgr^n, id. 
SiNcnsuKX, o4;. Puny, shrivelled, S. 
SINGIN-EEN, ,. The last nigbtof the 
year ; firom the carols sung on this eten- 
ing. Fife. A,Jk^§^ 

SINGLAR, 047. Unarmed. Wtii^- 
SINGLE, adv, V. Seihdle. 
SINGLE, s. A handful of gleaned corn, 
S. ; also nndU. GL Sihb, Dur^- 

Su.G. 5tn, singularis, and d<rf, P««J 
or Lat singul-us. 
SINKIL.*. L.JiiiJW, fennel. Cowpi-^ 
SYNLE, adv. Seldom. V. SxiimLf. 
SYNOPARE, *. Cinnabar. J>>^ 

SINSYNE, adv. Since, & V. St>x 


-•^■ ^ 1 ^ ^ ^-. 

. Ji**-riJ 


a^ SIPE» SEIP, 0. n. 1. To oofte^ a 

OL Sibb. 
S. 17. a. To let out any liquid, S. 

TeuL gijpen, id., stittare^ manare. 
Srrivs, «. pf. Liquor that baa ooied from 

an iosufficient caBk, S. 
Th SYPYRE, SUPIR, v. «. To sigh. 

Fr. sau^ver, id. Burei. 

SIRDONING, s. The tiDging of birds. 

jf. Hume, 

Fr. tourditWf the pifw of a trumpet. 

6YRE, i. V. ScHiE. 

SYRE, *. A sewer, S. tyter. V. Sttuu 

SIR JOHN, a dose stool, S. ; hnight, 

SIRKEN, adj. Tender of one*s flesh, S. 
Gael, ieirc, affection ; teircin. a darling. 
To SIRPLE, V. a. To sip often, a 

Sw. torpl^t Germ, tchurfi-ent id. 
SISE, SYSS,«. 1. Assize, O.Fr. Barbour, 
2. Doom, judgment. Mantgomerie. 
SYSE, «. Six at dice. V. Sviss. 
To SI ST, V. a. To stop. To tist proce- 
dure, to delay judicial proceeding, S. 
LaL tiit-ere, id. Pardovan. 

San, s. A suspension of diligence, a foreif- 
aic term, S. Jet Sed, 

To SIST, V, a. 1. To cite^ to summon, & 

2. To taice a place, as at the bar of a 
court ; generally used in regard to one's 
engagement in diWne worriiip, S. 
To SIT, v. n. ] . To stop in growth, & 

2. To shrink, S. 

3. Applied to the sinking of a wall, & 
Srr, <. The aUte of sinking, as a|>pUed to 

a wall, a 
To SIT am offer, not to accept of it^ S. 

To SIT to, V. n. Applied to food dressed 
in a vesscK when, from not being stirr- 
ed, it is allowed to bum, a 
To SIT, SITT, V. a. To grieve. WaUace. 
SiTi^ Sytx, t. I. Grief, a Gawan and Goi. 
Is], syt'a, to mourn ; tut, sorrow, 
syting, id. 

2. Suffering punishment. Douglas. 
Saruhh, SiTxroLL, or(/. Sorrowful. 

Police Son* 


SirruLLT, ado. Sorrowfully. Wailaee. 

SITFASTS, f. pi. Restbarrow, a 
SYTH, Umes. V. STrra. 
To SITHE, SYITH, v. a. V. Assvith. 
SITHE, SYITH, s. SatisfacUon. 

Sat. Hvis. World. 


SYTHENS, coiy. 1. Although. K. Hart. 

2. Since, seeing. Balnavis. 

8YTHYN, adv. Afterwards. Barbour. 

8TVER, SIVBR, *. A coTered dhun, S. 

also «yre ; E. sewer. Stat. Ace. 

Teut suyver-en, mundare. 

RnnsLiMo Sttcr) a drain filled with stones 

thrown loosely together, S. 
SIVVEN, i. The Raspberry, a Gael. 
SIVVENS, SIBBINa s. pi. 1. A dis- 
ease viewed as of the venereal kind, a 
From its resembling a raspberry; 
Gael, sivtfen. Pennant. 

2. The itch. Orkn. pron. sibbens. 
SYVEWARM, *. L. Syvewarin, Ae so- 
vereign or first magistrate of a town. 
Sovereign, quaestor, Kilian. Barbour. 
SKADDINS, s.jd. Turfs, Banffa.' 

Teut. seadde, cespes, gleba. 
To SKAFF, SK AIFF, ». a. To collect 
try disliononrable means. Dunbar. 

Su^ G. skaff-a, to provide food. 
SsAiTfj. Provision. V. Scapp. 
SsAPaii, ScAPPiBiE, s. 1. Extortion. 

Acts Marie, 
2. The contents of a kr^r ; dw. skaf- 
feri, cella penUAria. Gl. Sibb. 

Skappat, adj. Eag^ foi' gaSo* A. Hume. 
SKAICHER, f. A term o/ gentle repre- 
hension applied to a child, Aug. 
GaeV. sgiogair, a jdckanapes. 
To SKAIK, V. a. I. To separate in an 
awkward or dirty manner, aB« 
2. To bedaub, a B. 
I&l. sieecke, dispar fticio. 

1. To disperse. VyntotM* 

2. To dismiss, S. Acts Ja. III. 
To skail the byke, to dispeise an assem- 
bly, a 
S. To diffuse; applied to rumours. Doug* 

4. To scatter, applied to the mind. 

5. To spill, to shed, a 



«. To unrip, aB. Bosf. 

7. To skale doun, to pour out Doug, 

8. To skale doun, to disherel. Doug. 

9. To tkaii house, to disfuroish. 


10. To slrofe a rig, to plough ground so 
■s to make it fall away frooi the crown 
of the ridge. S» 

11. To tkale a sege, to raise a uege* 

Poems l€th Ceni. 

1 2. To skail a prodanuUion, to recall it. 

IS. To skail a gun, to empty it, S. 

Su.G. Id. skiUia, separare; Gael. 

scaoU-am, id. 

To Skail, Skali, Scalx, v. n. 1. To part 

one from another. Barbour, 

Jfil. sUl^iasi, unus ab altero recedere. 

S. To be diffused. Wallace. 

Skaii,, ScAiL, <. 1. A dispersion, S. 

2. A scattered party. J^ar^our. 

Skaiuk, Scaiuk, s. Diapertion, S. 

J. NicoL 
SrAxxi-wiNDy t. That which causes disper- 
sion^ S. M. Bruce. 
The shieldrake. Acts Jo. VI. 
&B, Jets Jo. ri. 
Belg. schalie, id. Hoes.G. skal-jost 
Skillik pxn, a pencil of soft slate, S. 
To SKAIR, 0. n, V. Skae. 
SKAIR, s, A share, Aug. Loth. Bamsay. 
Su.G. skiaer, id. ; xAo^r-a, diTidere. 
SKAIR, s. 1. One of the parts of a fish- 
ing-rod, S.B. 

S. The slice at the end of each part, to 
w^ich the sliced end of another is fas- 
tened, S.A. 

Isl. skar-a, asseres leciproce adaptare. 
SKAIR, s. A bare place on the side of a 

hill. V. ScAa, 
3KAIRS, SKARS, s. pL Rocks through 
which there is an opening, S. 

Su«G. skaer, a rock ; skaer^ to di- 
3KAITBIRD, s. The Antic gulL 
, 3u.G. tkit-Qt cacare, Kennedy. 


SKAITH, s. 1. Hurt, damage, & I}amg» 
Isl. skade, ^^G.'skada, id. 
2. Injury supposed to p r oce ed finoBB 
witchcraft, 6. Stalm Acfu 

SKAIVIE, a4j. Harebrained, & &. 5A&. 
Sw. sktf^ Dan. fMaet^ obliqaiB; 
A.Bor. sca/<?, wild. 
SKALLAG, SCALLAG, #. A kind of 
bond-servant, West IsU J. L^Buekanam^ 
GaeL sgallag, a maB-senrant ; laL 
skalk, serms. 
bench. A.S. scaemd, id. Wallaetm 
5U In pi. shambles ; skemmils, S.K. 

Moitlasul P. 
To SKANCE. V. Scavcx. 
SKANT, SCANTH, s. Scarcity. .Douff. 
Dan. sAon-o, parcoie ; or IsL sftaws-r« 
SK AP, s. Head, scalp. Bver g ree su 

To SKAR, SKAIR, v. n. To tak» 
flight, S. JXm^au 

Isl* skiar, vitabundus ; Stt.G. sfty, vi- 
Skae, Scab, aty. 1. Tfanorous; shsir, S. B. 
Bannaiyne P. 
2. Shy, affectedly modest, & Pop. BaiL 
Scar, Skaks, s. 1. A ftight, & ; skmit^ 
&B. Shirr^u 

2. A scarecrow. Lyndse^ 

SKARRACH, t. 1. A flying shower, a 
blast of wind and rain, Ang. Fife. 
Moes.G. skura, procella magna. 
2. A considerable quantity of drinks 
SKARSMENT, t. Some kind of foitifi' 
cation. PaL Hts* 

Germ, schaur-en, to defend. 
SKART, «. A cormorant. V. Scaktk. 
SKARTFREE. a<;. V. Scaet, «. 
SKARTH, t. Puny creature, S. seaH. 

Su.G. skert^, deficere ; tftard-o, dU 
To SKAT, a. To tax. Henrymme. 

Teut sekatt^en; Su.G. sfatf<-a, tax- 
To SKAUDE, V. a. To scald, & Doug. 
Fr. efcAaii4-«r, Ital. scald^are, id. 


To Staubi, Skad, v. n. To be galled, 

from beat, S. 
SKAUM, s. 1. The act of singing clotbes. 
2. A slight murk of burning, S. 

Sw. tkatnm-af a stain ; IsJ. kaamt id. 

SxAUMMiT, ScAMBD, part. lu^/. Having a 

mark produced by fire or a hot iron, S. 


SKAW, «. A flcall of any kind, S. 

. BeUendm* 
SKEEBRIE, «. Thin light soil, Ang. . 
SKszaaocu, «. Very lean meat, Galloway. 

Jr. ioxbar, thin, lean. 
To SK££G, 9. a. To huh, &B. 

JUinsir. Bord* 
Celt tlag4ih to strike ; Arm. tkeU to 
Srsqoxbs, sm pL a. whip ; properly one 

made of sedges, Ang. 
8KEELY, a^. Skilful. V. Skxllt. 
SKEELINO GOOSE, the shieldrake, 
Orkn. Sibbald. 

To SKEY off, V. n. To fiy. WaUaee. 

Su.G. tky, Alem. iJd-en, vitare. 

SKEICH, SKEIGH, a4/. 1. Apt to 

startle, S. Dougltu. 

2. Unmanageable, skittish, & Dougtat, 

9. Shy ; applied to women, & Rois, 

4. Proud, disdainful, & Burrn, 
Germ, tcheuch, shy; Su.G. sfygg, 

To Skuch, v. n. To startle. Douglas* 
Su.G. tkygg-a, meticulose recedere. 
2V) SKEYG, o. n. To move nimbly in 

walking, S.B. 

Moes. G. tkew^an, iter facere. 
SuTO, «. Jti the tkeyg, in a quick motion, 

SKEIGH. odv, V. Skuch. 
SKEIL, SKEILL, (pron. tkeel), s. 1. A 

tub for washings S. Dunbar, 

5. A wooden drinking Tessel with a 
handle, Orkn. 

Isl. skiola, a milk-pail ; muktra, hans- 

SKEIR, SKEER, at(f. Hare-brained, & 

Isl. Mar, pavidos, id. 
SKEITCHES, s. pi. Scate% a 

Teat schtttte. 
To Skzitcb, 0. n. To acate^ 8. 


Skeitchsb, a. A scater, S. 
SKELB, s. A splinter, & V. SnLti. 
SKELF, ». 1. A shelf, S. A.S.«c<^ 

3. A wooden frame, containing several 
shelves, S. Pennecuik, N"* 

SKELLAT, s. I. A small bell. Dunbar. 
2. An iron rattle, used by public crien^ 

O.Fr. etckdette, id. ; Su.G. dcaeOa, 
nola, tintinnabulum. 
SKELLIE, SKEELY, s. A squint look^ 
6. A. S. tceoUage, IsJ. ikialg-ur, id. 

To Siutui, V. n. To squint S. 

IsL tkael^ Germ. $chiH-en, limis in« 
SKELLY, #. The chub, a fish, Roxh. 

Stat. Jcc, 

ItaU squaglio, Lat sgual-us, id. 

SKELLY, f. Slate. V. Skaillii. 

SK£LLYIS» t. pL Rugged rocks. V. 

Skilvb. Douglaf. 


mustard, 8. StaUAcc* 

Ir. sgeallagach, id. 
S. Sometimes, wild radish, S.A. 
To SKELLOCH, v. n. To cry with m 
shrill voice. S.B. Isl.iAaf/-a, clangere. 
Skilloch, «. A shrill cry, S.B. 
To SKELP, V. n. I. To beat, as a dock. 
2. Denoting strong pulsation, S.B. 

Isl. skialf-a, Dan. skiaelv-ej tremere. 
S, To move quickly on foot S. Bums* 
Isl. skiaff'-a. concutere, quatere. 
To Skslp, v. a. I. To strike with the open 
hand, S. ' Ramsay, 

2. To bear, to drub, S. Ferguson. 

Isl. skelf-a, id.. |iercello. 
Skbip, s. L a stroke, a blow, S. Lyndsay. 
2. A misfortune in trade or otherwiM^ 
• & BureL 

SaxLPiB-UBCxnt, s. An opprobrious term 
applied to a female, S. Bums. 

SKEL r, part, jhu Unript V. Skail, v. 
To SKELVE, V. n. To separate in lami^ 
no, &B. 

Su.G. skadUof Isl. skd'iast, in t». 
noea laminaa dissilire ; sln'l^ separare. 


Siavn, «. A thin lUoe^ &B* 

Teut tchelpe, wgmen. 
Skiltt, 04;. 1. Ha^iiig Tarious, /amfna, 
S.B. Min$trn Bord* 

2. SheWy, S. Bums. 

8KEO, ff. A hut for drying iiab* Orkn. 
IbI. Konr. jitia-r, id. peiigula dccftto- 
fiKEF, SKEPPE, SCAPE,!. 1. Abee- 
hiTe made of twisted straw, S. ^. ifumf . 
2. Transferred to industry. Fermson. 
Su. G. skaepp^t a seed-TeBaal j Gael. 
tgeip, a bee-hire. 
fi»K£Rf perhaps, a rock. Lyndtay, 

IsL skaert scopulus maris. 
SKERRY, s, 1. An insulated rock, Orkn. 


a. A flat rock, over which the sea flowa 

when the tide rises. Stat. Ace. 

Isl. akaert a rock, and ey, an island. 

SKERTER, t, Tho sea-belt, a fucus, 

Orkn. NeiO. 

SKET. Fu/ sit(?^, full hastily. 

Sir Triitrenu 

A.S. on scyte, in praecipiti; Zsl. 

akiot'ur, celer. 

SKEW, SKEU, s. The oblique part of a 

gable. S. V. SuACH. X Nicol, 

To Sucw, V. a. 1. To build in an oblique 

form, S. 

S. To cover gables with sods, Tveedd. 
SKEW'D, adj. Acting like one deprived 

of reason, Perths. V. Skaitsb. 

SKEW, «. Skew and reskewg q. " take 

andretakeu*' Wallace. 

Fr. jtfcott-«r, to move violently ; O. Fr. 

rescou-er, to take again. 

To SKEWL, t7. a. To distort, S.B. V. 

SKY, s. A small board, used in the Shet- 
land plough in place of a mould-board. 
Slat. Ace. 
SKY, s. Shadow. Douglat. 

Su. G. skyt nubes, nebak. 
SKYB ALD, t. A mean worthless fi^w, 
S. JTnoJT. 

Dan. skab/iaU, a rascal, a base man. 
Sktbalo, adj. 1. Mean, low. Polwart, 

2. Tattered, in rags, Clydes. 
SKIBE, s. A low or niggardly leltow, 
West and South of S. V. Skybald. 


To SKIFF, SKIFT,«. n. To maTOligiit. 
ly aud smoothly along, S. MaUiaatd P. 
Q. to move as a akifg or laL sfaf^ 
tkef, raderc^ q. to gnue^ 
To Saipp, V. a. To cause a flat stose akip 
along the surface of a body of water, 5. 
To Skxft, v. o. To gUde over, 8. B. 
SKIFFIE, ». The tub used for bring- 
ing up coals from the pit^ S. S^tu. Ace. 
JSKIFT, s. A flying shower, 8.R 

Su.G. shy^a, mutare'; sk^ inl0. 
SKI FT, «. Facility in operation, &B. 
Moes.G. ^-jfo/), making; aAap^-oa, 
SKIFT, «. A broad ridga of Isnd^ Otkn. 

Su. G. skift, intervallum. 
SKYL AND, part. pr. Not letuinis* 

Dan. skt/U-a, einere. IHmtar. 

To SKYLE, V. a. Toconosal. Hemymmg, 

Su. G. tUcyl'O, Dan. $kyi-er, ooenltaie. 

SKILL, M. Return. Ximg JSarU 

Isl. 8km, reddtdo. 
SKILL, SKYLL, 1. 1. ReMon. Bmh<n,r. 

2. Proof. Wyniomn. 
Su. G. skil, ratio, probatia. 

3. Approbation, or regard, S.B., Skeb&t, adj. Intell^B^ akilfal, 

& Rmu 

Su. G. ikadig* rational ; IsL akimUtg-r^ 
To SKILT, V. II. To move qfindkljr aai 
lightly. deUwL 

Vtom the sound made ; laL MkeU^ 
skelldi, verberando sonum edcei& 
SKIMMERIN, part. ai{f, Jiemodng thai 
peculiar look which characterises aoidiot 
or a lunatic, S.B. 

Germ, sekimmer, a ditt or Ikint glaf«. 

SKINY, *. PackthreafI, pran. q. skeemgyie, 

. E. tkain, S. Sir J^ Simdmir. 

SKINK, s. Strong soup made of cows 

hams, S. A.S. seencr potus. Skdrrrfr. 

To SKYNK, V. a. 1. To poor out Eqoor 

for drinking. Domi^as, 

Su.G. tkaenk-a. Franc tkenk^^m^ po- 

tum infundere. 

2. To make a fibation to the go^ 

5. To serve drink. Dougfas. 

4. To scink over, to renounce. Buthcrf,rtL 


5b SKINKLE, V, n. To sparkle, S. Sums. 
Skinjcliw, s. 1. The spaiUing of • bright 
imdiation, Ayrs. 

S. A flmall portion, ibid. ^m$. 

'fiKir, a termination denoting state or 
condition; Sa.G. akap, A.S. scipe, £. 
xfttp, id., fVom Su.G. sil:a;Mi, ereare, &e. 
SKIPPARE. SKIPPER,*, l. A ship- 
master, S. Douglas. 
Su.G. ikeppare, anc. $kipare, A.S. 
scipar, id. 

2. Now generally appropriated to the 
master of a sloop, barge, or passage- 
boat, S. 

S. In the fisheries, one of the men who 
superintends other four, haiing Uie 
charge of a coble, S. Stat. Ace. 

8KIRDOCH, adj. Flirting, Fife. 

Id. ihyd-at omare; Mireiit^r, oma- 
tus ; tkari-a, magnifice Testiri. 
SKYRE, s. A schimis. Dunbar. 

Fr. sctfre, id. 
8KTRIN, /Kir#. pr. 1. Shining, &B. 

Poems Buchan Dial. 

2. Making a great show, S. Bums. 

A.S. sciry Su.G. skir, shining. 

To SKIRL, SKIRLE^ v.n. To cry with 

a shrill voice, S. Bamsay. 

Isl. skrall-a. sonum strepenim edere. 

Skibl, t. A shrill cry, S. Douglas. 

IsL skrallf Dan. skraal, ▼ociferatus. 
To SKYRME, v. n. To make a feint. 

Isl. derum-a, fingo. Houlate, 

To SKIRP, ©. a. To mock. V. Scoar. 
SKIST, s. Chest ; for kist. GL Sibb. 

SKIST. t. Perhaps, tkift, art JT. Bart. 
SKIT, . ii A Tain, empty creature, S. 
Dancing skit, a contemptuous designa- 
tion for a female dancer on a stage. 

G. Buchanan. 
Isl. skiot'T, celer, citus. 
2. A piece of silly ostentation, S. 
SKIT, s. An oblique taunt, S. 

IsL skaeting-r, dicteria acerba. 
To SKITE, SKYTE, i;. a. 1. To eject 
any liquid forcibly, S. 

Isl. skveU-a, id. Sw. skijt-a, exonerare 

2. To squnt, to throw the spittle forci- 
bly through the teeth, S. 


SsiTt, 5. The dung of a fowl, S. B. 
Skttb, s. a nasty person, 8.B. 

Dan. skyden, sordidus. 
To Skttx, v. n. To glide swiftly, S. 

Su.G. skiut-a, id. Ramsay. 


leather now generally used for binding 

school books, which is sliced into two, S. 
Su. G. skifba, a slice, pi. skijvar, 
SKLAFFORD HOLES, apertures la 

the walls of a bam, Ang. ; perb. com 

from L. B. sdopet-um, a harquebuss, as 

originally applied to the loopholes of a 

SKI.AIF, 9. A shiTe. Bannatyne P. 

SKLAIT. s. Slate, S. V. Sclaite- 
Sklater, s. a slater, S. 
SKL ANDYR, s. Slander. V. Sclandtr. 
SKLEFF, aty. Shallow. V. Skelte. 

GL Sibb. 
To SKLENT, v. n. V. Sclent. 
To SKLICE, v.a.l. To slice, S. J. Nicol 

2. Denoting the abbreviation of time. 
Z. Boyd. 
To SKLYRE, V. n. To slide. Loth. 
Skltre, s. a slide, ibid. 
To SKLO Y, o. n. To slide on ice. Loth. 

Fr. escoul-er, id. 
Skloy, «. A slide. Loth. 
SKLOUT, SKLOUTER, s. Cows* dung 

in a thin state, Fife. 
SKLUTE, «. 1. In pi. large clumsy fee^ 

S. B. Perhaps from klute, S. a hoof. 

2. A lout, S. B. 
To Sklute, v. 71. To set down the feet 

clumsily, S. 
SKODGE, SKODGIE, ,. A kitchen 

drudge, S. 

Su.G. skoswen, literally, a shoe-ser" 

To Skodge, V. n. To act as a drudge. S. 


To SKOLE, SKOLT, r. n. To drink 
hard, &B. .V. Skdl. Ruddiman. 

SKOMER, 5. V. ScoMER. 

SKON, SCONE, *. 1. A thin cake of 
wheat or barley meal S. Douglas. 

2, Metaph. denoting a specimen, S. 
Isl. skauUf cortex hictis. JTelly, 




To SKONCE, V. o. To guard. JEtfergr, 
Su.G. tkans'a, Teut iehanU'Crh mu^ 
SKORE, f. A line to ma^ the goal, & 

SKORPER, t. A round kind of br«ad, 

Su.G. skorpoy pL skorper, biscuits. 
SKOUPER, t. V. ScovnAtu 
SKOUR. t. A slight «hower, Dumfr. 
8KOUR of wind, a gust, & CaUander. 

Isl. tkur, oimbus, typbon. 
SKOURIOUR,!. V. Scuaaoua. . 
SKOUTT, t. A small boat. Jt. Mume. 
Isl. skuta, Belg. schvytt Ir. icud, id. 
SKOWURANDpfMr^ pr. Shuddering. 
Germ, schaur^en, tremere. Barhour, 
SKRA£\ SKREE, t.'A searce made of 
wire for cleansing grain* Loth. 

Gael, criathar ; a bolter, Su. G. tkraed' 
o, to bolt, to sift 
8KRAE. J. A thin meagre penon, & 

MinttTm Sordr* 
Su.G Miraf, a skeleton, ^troA scanty. 
Fishes dried in the sun, without being 
aalted, Orkn NeiU. 

' Isl sicrael-^t to dry ; skreid, piacei in- 
To SKRAIK. SCRAIGH, v. n. 1. De- 
noting the cry of a fowl when displeas- 
ed, & J, Nicoi. 

2. To cry with importunity and in a 
discontented tone, S. 

Su.G. tkrik-Ot Isl. skraekot id. 
Skraik, ScaAiK, s, 1. The screaking of 
fowls, S. ; albo skraich. Douglas, 

2. A loud or shrill sound, caused by 
musical instruments. ^. Hume, 

Isl. skraek'Tt clamor, ploratos. 
SKRAN. s, ]. Fine skran, a phrase used 
by children, in commendation of any 
thing they are fond of, especially if edi- 
ble, Lanerks. 

Isl. «btin, ftupellex leviusculus. 
S. The offals or refuse of human food, 
thrown to dogs Loth. 
SKRANKY. a(H) 1. Lank, slender, S. 
2. Applied to an empty purse. 



Germ. Khrwuk-tn, to confine; A.S. 
terunc~«nt contracted. 
SKRAPIT,/mr/. Moiled. V. Scmt. 
To SKREED, e. n. To ay, to ncn. 

Franc, screioit Sw. sh^tt cUnwr. 
To SKREED, e. n. Tolie^to nupii^ii 
narration, S. 

Su.G. skryi^, jadan^ Id. ibou 
SaazED, «. ' A lie, a fid)ricttion, S. 
SKREEK, SCREAK, of (toy, tfaedin 
. S.B^ al9ip sXnVA. V. Csm. li. 
To SRREENGE, v. a. Toicowgt,& 
SKaaEMQK, 1. A lash, a stroke, Fife 
To SKRY, V. a. To ay, to pnciiio. 
S.B. Rvdilitm. 

Su. G. <ibva, ▼ocifnvi, ibi dun 
SsaT, ScaT.t. I. Noise. Wtliu: 

2. The crying of fowls. Dn^ 
To SKRIFT, V. n. Tofibrioto V 

Isl. skraf-a, fabulari, BQgvi, ttrr"' 
SKRILLES,*.p/. Shrieks. V.&a:. 
To SKRIM, ». 0. To scud, to B« 

quickly, S. 
SKRYMMORIE, t. Appsmtiy. o 
name of a mischievous {airj. M- £> 
Isl skrumari, a braggart; 0.h> 
crimour, a good tugger. 
SKRINE, 4.- Unboiled joweni, H 

Teut. hrinse, purgamenttitn fruaf-i 


SKROPIT, prct. v. Mocked. V.Sccu 
SKROW, «. A Kroll. V. Scwi» 
SKROW, s. A slight shower, &B. ; I 

skur. V. SKAaaACB. 
SKRUFE, *. Wealth, acquired by P^ 

mony or eiaction. Bannati,^ • 

Teut. schroblh^f icalper*- 
SKRUMPLE,*. A wrinkle. D^ 
Germ. schrumpU, id, Sa.G.ji'»V 

en, to wrinkle. 
To SKRUNT, ». n.Toinakeacn»^ 

noise, Clydes. 

Isl. skrumng^r, skrudm<^ ^' 


SKRUNTT, aiff. Meagn^ raw-boned, 

Sn,G.skHn, dried, Dan. akranien, 

SKUBE, t. Any thing that is hdlowed 

out, S.B. ; allied to £. scoop. 

Su. G. skopa,' Ann. <co6, faauttrum. 
JSKUG; SCUa SCOUG.f. 1. A shade, 

what defends from the heat, S. Doug. 

S, A sl^elter from stonoD, S. Spalding, 

3. Protection, S. Pop. Ball. 

4. Metap