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Full text of "A New French and English Dictionary in Two Parts"

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XHlHslf^ 



. /T'/r 7-^ ^ff^T->/i 



A NEW 



FRENCH AND ENGLISH 



DICTIONARY 



IN TWO PARTS. 



PART I. FRENCH AND ENGLISH. 
PART II. ENGLISH AND FRENCH. 



BY WILLIAM COBBETT, 

M.P. FOR OLDHAM. 



LONDON: 
PUBLISHED AT 11, BOLT-COURT, FLEET-STREET; 

AMP MAT BB KXB OF ALL BOOKSELLERS, 

1833. 



LONDON: 

PItlNTCD BY MILLS, JOWETT, AND MILLS, 
JIOLT-COVRT| FLEET-STBBfiT. 



INTRODUCTION. 



TO BE ATTENTIVELY READ BEFORE YOU BEGIN TO USE THE BOOK. 



Isr this DfCTioxA&Y, as in all the other books which have come foith from under my 
hands, I hare endeavoured to make the matter as clear as possible ; that being, in roy 
opinion, the first quality in literary works of all sorts, seeing that it is of no use to write, 
unless that which you write be understood ; and seeing that the less trouble the reader 
has to get at your meaning, the more likely he is to get at it, and, of course, the more likely 
he is to profit from your labours, 

I have not made a book for literary men ; for persons curious with re^Bfard to the origin 
of words, or with regard to great niceties in the use of them ; but, for persons who want 
to get at a competent knowledge of the meaning of words, and of that word, in one of 
these languages, which amounts to the same meaning in the other language ; and this end 
1 have endeavoured to enable the reader to accomplish with as little trouble as possible ; 
avoiding all those superfluities which only serve to waste time and to arrest the attention 
of the reader on matters foreign to the pursuit in which he is, at the moment, engaged. 

A Dictionary, abounding with etymological curiosities, with examples of the uses of 
words, with quotations from authors, and with minute peculiarities as to idioms, is, indeed, 
cot only a curious, but an amuning book : but, it is not an amimng book that we want 
here ; it is a book of nse, and, if it contain any thing to divert us from that me, it does us 
liann ; it wastes our time, and withdraws our minds from the objects immediately before 
us. This has happened to me a thousand times, I dare say. Having looked for my word, 
I have found such a fund of amusement growing out of it, that, if I were translating, for 
instance, I have not only wasted my time, but have returned to my dull work, if not 
wrfb absolute reluctance, at least with the want of the full force of those ideas with which 
1 had quitted it. If my reference to the Dictionary had given me only the word I wanted 
and its full meaning, or meanings, without any amusement, my time would have been 
saved and the spirit of my labours would have been unblunted. It is this experience 
that has been my guide in regard to the compilation of thi^t book. As in my English 
firammar and in my French and English Grammars, so in this Dictionary, I have en- 
deavoured to prevent others from experiencing the loss of time and the inconveniences 
that I myself liave had to encounter and overcome. And, were it only from the following 
circumstances, I should think that I had succeeded : no people have to resort to Diction^ 
aries so often 9S paiNTERS, and to no people can accuracy, combined wiih having of time, 
he of more importance; and my printers tell me, that this is *< the most hanov Dictionary 
that they have ever seen;*' a character of it which I should prefer before an eulogium from 
all the reviewers in the world united* 

A 2 



^V INTRODUCTION. 

There are two descriptions of persons who stand in need of a Dictionary ; namely, 
those who have learned grammar thoroughly ; and those who have not. To the former the 
TABLES prefixed to the Dictionary will not be necessary ; but, to the latter, especially 
when they have to un-Ue, or to »peak, in either of the languages, these tables are absolutely 
necessary; and, if they be diligently attended to, they will, of themselves, very soon 
enable any learner of common capacity to overcome some of the greatest of those diffi- 
culties which English people meet with in the learning of French ; as will clearly appear^ 
when I have described the contents and the uses of these tables, which are six in num- 
ber, as follow : 

Table I. contains an explanation of all the Abbreviations, used in both parts 
of the Dictionary, ranged in alphabetical order; so that if the reader meet with an 
abbreviation, the meaning of which he does not understand, he has only to turn to 
this table, where he will find the explanation in the alphabetical place of the abbreviation 
itself, and directly opposite that abbreviation. For instance; in the Dictionary, after 
the word Abject, you find adj.; and opposite the abbreviation, adj., in the table, you 
find adjective; so that you thus know, that abject is an adjective. So on with regard to 
the other abbreviations ; and, with regard to the whole of them, a very short time, with 
due attention, will make you so familiar, that you will have no further need of referring 
to the table. 

Table II. relates to the Plurals of French Nouns. It is preceded by the rules 
{three in number) for forming the plural numbers of French nouns. As to the genders 
of French nouns, those are fully indicated in the Dictionary itself. This table relates 
solely to the forming of the plural numbers. First come the three rules, and then 
follows an alphabetical list of such nouns as depart from those rules. Let us take, for 
instance, the noun trou, which, according to the second rule, would, in the plural, 
be TROux; but it is not so ; it is irous, adding an s, like nouns coming under the first 
BULE. The Dictionary gives you the word in (he singular number only; the second 
rule shows you, that the word trou, being a noun ending with ou, would form its 
plural by adding an x, and not an *, to the singular; but if you look into the list that 
follows in this table, you will see that trou, although it does end in ou, takes an s, 
and not an x. There are^ as you will see, but twenty-six of these irregular nouns ; so 
that, with due attention to the table, you will have the whole of them familiar to your 
memory in a very short time ; for, the list being alphabetical, you will always find your 
word in a moment. Let us now follow the process all the way through. You are 
writing French, and, wanting to find the French word for hole, you look into the 
English part, you find the French word to be trou ; but presently you want to write 
about two or more holes, and how are you to know how to form the plural of trou ? 
Why, first look at the rule, and that will tell you, that it must become troux, because 
it ends with ou ; but before you write, look at the list of exceptions, and there you will 
find that it must be trous. On following this practice for a little while, you will find 
that the whole matter will be safely lodged in your mind. 

Table III. relates to the Number and the Gender of French Adjectives. English 
adjectives never change their endings for the purpose of denoting either the number or 
the gender of the nouns to which they belong. Far different is it witli regard to French 
adjectives : they have changes in their endings for the purpose of denoting both number 
and gender; that is to say, the noun demands an adjective agreeing with it in number and 
'u gender; and the adjective must vary to accommodate itself to the number and gender 



INTRODUCTIOX. V 

of its noun; thus, as to its number, un bdlon blanc (a white stick), deux bdiom blancs 
(two white sticks). Then, as to the gender; une main blanche (a white hand), deux 
vtaiiit BLANCHES (two white hands). It is, therefore, a very important part of our affair 
to learn the rules for changing the endings of the adjectives for these purposes. The 
changes for the purposes of denoting the number are not, as will be seen, numerous, and 
do not give rise to rules of any difficulty ; but, as this table and its list will show, the 
gitKder of adjectives is a thing of very great importance, and must be strictly attended to. 
In other Dictionaries of the two languages, this object is attempted to be provided for by 
ftlfbreviaiions placed against the adjectives themselves in their places in the Dictionary : 
but this has always appeared to me to be very clumsy work, causing a great waste of time ; 
and, indeed, nine times out of ten, doing nothing but puzzle the learner, and tend to dis« 
gust him with his undertaking. Let us take an example. You want to use a French 
adjective to express the meaning of the English adjective, malicious; and the English 
part of Boycr's Dictionary (and of other Dictionaries) tells you that the French word is 
MALiN. Then^ in looking at the French part, to see how this word changes to denote the 
feminine gender, you find " Mal-in, igne.'' Now, though I know that the in is to be 
added to the mal to make the masculine , and that igne is to be added to the mal to make 
the feminine, how are j/ou to know ii ? Again, you want a French adjective to answer to 
our adjective red, and you find it thus in the French part of Boyer's Dictionary :~- 
Roc-x, SSE. What is a learner to make of this? Then take our adjective sweet; and 
you fiod in the French of Boyer, ** Dou-x, ce." lie who already understands the language 
inows, tliat in these cases the x is to be added to the Rou and the Dou to make the 
mdtculine ; and that, to make the feminine, the sse is to be added to the Rou, and ce is 
to be added to the Dou ; but, how are these things to be known to him, child or man, 
who ia learning the language? One more instance. Take the adjective religieux ; and in 
Boycr's and other Dictionaries you find it thus, " Religieu-x, se." Here, again, I know, 
that, to form the masculiney I must take in the x ; and that, to form \\\% feminine, I must 
exclude the x, and take in the se. But how is a learner of language to know this ; and 
bow is it possible that it should not do that learner harm rather than good ? I have, 
therefore, in my Dictionary, given only the bare word ; that is to say, the word as it is 
found and referred to in the English part; and, of course, in the French part, the above 
three words stand thus : 

Malin, adj. malicious, malignant, mischievous, 
Roux, adj. red, red-haired, reddish. 
Doux, adj. sweet, mild, gentle, &c. 
Religieux, adj, religious, pious, devout, &c. 

And now we are to see the use of my table. You find the word Maltn, for instance ; 
you find it to be an adjective ; you want to know how it forms its plural or its feminine 
gend^ or both ; you turn to the list in Table III., and there you find that, as to the 
piurrJ, the word follows the first rule, and merely takes an j in addition ; and that it 
is, in the yemmine, malione. You proceed in the same manner with regard to boux 
and DOUX. But, when you come to religieux, you do not find it in the list. It, 
Uierefore, follows the rule : that rule is the sixth ; and, as the word ends in eu.x, yom 
will see that the rule tells you, that, to form the feminine, you must change the eux into 

ECSE. 

And thus you proceed with regard to all other adjectives ; and, you ^will find, that, 
at the end of a month of diligent application, you will never again want to look at either 
RULES ot LIST ; Rod I am, from my own experience, convinced, tliat the method which I 



Vi INTRODUCTION. 

have here provided for the acquiring of this important pait of the desired knowledgCi will 
verif greatlif ihorien the work of learning French ; that it vrill save to parents many of 
those pounds which are expended in the teaching of their children that language, and, 
which is of still more consequence, lend to save them from that cruel mortification which 
arises from the children not learning the language after all. 

Table IV. relates to the forming of the Plurals of English Nouns. The Rules 
and the List of Irregulars are taken from my own English Grammar ; and they are 
so plain and so easily understood, that the French child or grown person must be dull or 
dilatory indeed, ever to commit a mistake as to this matter, after a month of application ; 
though mistakes enough, with regard to it, are often committed by English men, and by 
some men too who come from the UniversUiet ; and, if even ihet/ were just to look over 
this part of my Grammar, it would not do them any harm. 

Table V. relates to English Adjectives; that is to say, to the changes in their end- 
ings for the purpose of denoting the degrees of comparison ; for they vary not to denote 
either number or gender. This matter (coming also from my English Grammar) the 
learner will find so plainly stated as to make this part of his task a thing not to cost him 
above sixty hours in the whole. 

Table VI. English Verbs. This table contains the rules for changing the endings 
of our Verbs, and also a complete List of our Irregular Verbs. The matter is taken 
from my English Grammar ; and I venture to say, that any foreigner of ordinary capacity 
will master the whole thing in the space of ten days ; and, great is the shame, that we so 
often see Englishmen, and Gentlemen too, who write as if they had never seen, or heard, 
any thing about the matter ; a matter so easily understood, and so essential to guard them 
against committing vulgar and really disgraceful errors. 

Such are the uses of these tables, which, I verily beliere, will do more, if properly 
attended to, in teaching French to English people, and English to French people, 
than all that is to be found in all the other Introductions to Dictionaries that are in 
existence. The recurrence to these tables, which will, at first, be necessarily very fre- 
quent, will daily become less and less necessary ; and, at the end of a very short time, the 
reader will have the whole matter in his mind, will trouble himself no more about the 
tables, and will find, that he has made a considerable progress in the learning of the 
language. In conclusion, let the learner be duly warned against the danger of supposing^ 
that a foreign language is to be learned without labour ; that ii is a thing to be overcome 
by saucy looks or loud talk. It is a valuable thing : not only a great intellectual 
accomplishment and ornament, but a really valuable acquisition. Not so valuable as that 
obtained by a seven years' apprenticeship to a shoemaker, tailor, or carpenter : but, still, 
a thing of real value as a means of obtaining an honest livelihood. But, then, the lan- 
guage must be really learned ; not learned a little bit. If <' a little learning be a 
dangerous thing/* in other cases, it is still more dangerous in this case : to have a mere 
smattering of French in the one case, or of English in the other case, is not only useless, 
but a great deal worse; giving nothing but conceit, false pretensions, exciting the contempt 
of observers, producing mortification in friends, and inflicting cruel disappointment on 
parents. To young English people I particularly address myself; and exhort them, if 
they undertake the task of learning French, to labour at it assi Juously ; to attend well to 
what I have said in my Introduction to my French Grammar; to recollect that every 
hour^ of iubouT irhich they now bestow will be productive of fruit to be enjoyed to the 



Vll 



INTRODUCTION. 

last honr of tJieir lives; to bear in mind, that, if they once acquire the habit of labour 
now, ibat habit will stick by them ; and, above all things, lo bear m nnnd, that, if they 
let slip this season for labour, it will never return. 

With this advice to those who are to use the book, I send the book itself to the press 
out of that very room in which Dr. Johnson compiled his Diciionary ; not however 
without observing, that in the French a^tistance which I have had in this compilation 
and which assistance has been very great, I have, I believe, had as sound judgment and 
as great learning as were possible to be found either in England or in France. 

^ * WM. COBBETT, 

Wcstminsicr, 24M Julif, 1833. 



TABLES. 



TABLE I. 

EXPLANATION OF ABBREVIATIONS 

MJtOE USE OF THROUOHOOT THE BOOK, RANGED 
IS ALPHABETICAL ORD£B. 



EflKUfb. 

adj. adjeciire, 

sdv. adverb, 

•gr. agriculture, 

Bott. anatomy, 

arch. architeoture, 

arith. arithmetic, 

•8t. astronomj, 

bot. boUnjr, 

chir. Burgery, 

cfaemietrj, 

commerce, 
conjnnctioD, 
cookery, 
di'Jactic, 
feminine, 
falconry, 
familiar, 
fipirative, 
fortification, 
gardening, 
geography, 
geometry, 
grammar, 
heraldry, 
hydraalics, 
imperaonal, 
interjection, 
ironically, 
Italian, 

jarispnideneoj 
logic, 
masculine, 
manuiacture, 
mar. a sea term. 



chy. 1 

chym.j 

com. 

conj. 

cook. 

did. 

f. 

fal. 

fam. 

%. 

fort. 

gard. 

geom. 

^' 
her. 

Iiyd. 

imp. 

inteij. 

itxm, 

ital. 

jor. 

log. 

m. 



French, 
adjectif. 
adverbe. 
agriculture, 
anatomie. 
architecture, 
arithm^iique. 
astronomie. 
botanique. 
chirurgie. 

chimie. 

commerce. 

conjonction. 

cuisine. 

didactiquo. 

f^minin. 

fauconnerie. 

familier. 

figur6. 

fortification. 

jardinage. 

g^ograpbie. 

g^om^trie, 

grammaire. 

blaBon. 

hydranlique. 

impersonnel. 

interjection. 

ironiquement. 

Italien. 

jurisprudence* 

logique. 

masculin. 

manufacture* 

marine. 



mat. 
med. 
med. V. 

mil. 

min. 

mus. 

n. 

nat.hist. 

obs. 

opt. 

paint. 

part. 

pers. 

pharm. 

phy. 

pi. 

poet, 
pop. 

prep, 
pron. 
prov. 
rhet. 

8. 

sculpt, 
sf. 

sing, 
am. 



theol. 

typ. 

va. 
ven. 
vn. 
vr. 



EDg1i»li. 
mathematicB, 
medicine, 
veterinary medi- 

cine, 
military, 
mineralogy, 
music, 
neuter, 

natural history, 
obsolete, 
optics, 
painting, 
participle, 
personal, 
pharmacy, 

physics, natural 
philosophy, 

plural, 

poetry, 

popular, vulgar I 

preposition, 

pronouu, 

proverb, 

rhetoric, 

substantive, 

sculpture, 

substantive femi- 
nine, 

singular, 

substantive mas- 
culine. 

theology, divin- 

typography, print- 
ing, 
verb active, ^ 
venery, hunting, 
verb neuter, 
verb reflected. 



French, 
math^matiques. 
m^decine. 
m^decine v^t^ri- 

naire. 
militaire. 
mindraiogie. 
musique. 
neutre. 

hisioire naturelle. 
iousit^. 
optique. 
peinture. 
participe. 
personnel, 
pbarmuoie. 
physique. 

pluriel. 
po^sie. 
populaire, vttl* 

gaire. 
proposition. 
proRom. 
proverbe. 
rbOtorique. 
subatantif. ' 
sculpture. 
8ubstantiff<§minin. 

singulier. 
substantif mascu- 
lin. 
thOologie. 

typo^aphie, im- 

pnmerie. 
verbe actif. . 
vOnerie. 
verbe neutre. 
verbe refl^obi. 



Vlll 



IVTBOOUCTION. 



TABLE 11. 



FRENCH NOUNS. 



BULKS FOB FOBMING THE FLUBAL OF KOUN8* 



First Rule. — In Frenchy as well ds in En- 
glish, the plural of nouns is formed by tbe add- 
ing of an 5 to the singular ) as, Uchieu, the dog, 
Us chiens, the dogs. 

Second Ru I.e. — Nouns ending in au, eau, eu, 
au, generally fprm their plural by tuking an x 
iitsteail of an s ; as, un ckapeaut a hat, deux 
chapeauT, two hats. I have said generally t be- 
cause some of them take an < in the plural ; as, 
un cUm, a nail, dei clous, some nails. '1 hese 
exceptions will be found in the next table. 

TniRD Rule. — Nouns ending in al and ail 
change these letters into atix to form their plu- 
ral ; as, un cheval, a horse, des chevaux, some 
horses; U tracail, the work, let travaux, the 
works. 

The following nouna are exceptions to the 
above lules, and form their plural by the taking 
of an I in tbe singular. 



Sinipilar. 
attirail, m. 
bal, m. 
cal, m. 
eamail, m. 
camaFal, m. 
clou, m. 
detail, m. 
6pouTantai1, 
£ van tail, m. 
filou, m. 
fou, m. 

gottvernail, m. 
loup-garou, m. 
muil, in. 
matou, m. 
pal, m. 
poi trail, m. 
portail, m. 
r^gil, m. 
B^rall, m. 
trou, f»i. 
verrou, m. 



Plaral. 
atti rails, 
bah. 
cals. 
camails. 
carnaFBls. 
clous, 
details, 
^ponvantails. 
^vantails. 
filous. 
foils. 

gouvemails. 
loups-garous* 
mails, 
ma tons, 
pals, 
poitratls. 
portails. 
r^gals. 
straits, 
trous. 
verroiu. 



The four following nouns are subjected to no 
rule with regard to their plural. 



8fngvlar. 
ail, fn. 
ctel, m. 
ail, m. 
nnirersel, m. 



Plaral. 
aulx. 
cieux. 
ycux. 
uniyersMix. 



TABLE III. 

FRENCH ADJECTIVES. 

BULKS FOR FORMIHO THE PLURALS AND THE 
FEMININES OF FRENCH ADJtCllVES. 



BULE8 FOB THE FLUBAL OF ADJECTIVES. 

FinsT Rule. — Adjectives form iheir p/ura2« 
from their singulars by taking sn s In addition, 
in the same manner that nouns do. 

Second Rule. — Adjectives ending inci in 
the »ingulur, change these two letters into aus ; 
as tgaV, general, which are tgaux, gentraux, for 
the masculine plural. 



BULEB FOR FOBMING THE FENININES OF FRENCH 

ADJECTIVES. 

The feminine form is given to the adjective 
by making some addition or change in the end- 
ing of it; as, petit, little, has, low. which make 
in the feminine petite, hanse. Our rules, there- 
fore, must be founded on the endiag of the pri- 
mitive adjective ; and they are as follown. 

First Rule. — All adjectives that end with 
an e mute are of both genders. They do not 
change their form on account of gender; as, ua 
homme sage, une femme sage, a wise man, a 
wise woman. 

I Second Rule. — Generally speaking, the other 
' adjectives onlv take an e mute in addition, 
to form their feminine; as, impertinent, poli, 
which are in the feminine, impertinente, polie. 
And observe, this is invariably the case with 
all adjectives ending with vowels ; Bxceptfavori, 
which makes /a{;onte in the feminine. 

Third Rule. — Adjectives ending in/ change 
the/ into ve ; as pasitif', bref, which are in the 
feminine positive, breve. 

Fourth Rule. — Adjectives ending in n, with 
an o or ie before the n, take ne in addition ; as, 
bon, aneien, which are in the feminine bonne, 
aneienne. But, if there be not an o or ie before 
tbe n, the adjectives ending in n follow the 
second rule ; that is to say, they take an e mute 
in addition ; as, Jin, vain, which are in the fe- 
minine, /ne^ vaine. 

Fifth Rule. — Adjectives ending in {, with 
e, 0, u, or «i, ie, before it, take U in addition ; 
as, cruel, vieil, officiet,fol, ^temel, which are in 
the feminine, eruelle, vieille, vffici*ile,folU, iter^ 
nelle. But if the final I be not preceded by one 
of these vowels, or by ei, ie, the adjectives end- 
ing in t follow the general rule, and simply take 
an e mute in addition ; as, fi^til, futile. One 
exception there is, however, in gentil, which 
makes gentiUe* 

Sixth Rule. — Adjectives ending in eur or 
eux change them into euse ; as, moqueur, reli' 
gieux, which are in the feminine^ mo^u€us§, reli' 
gieus$. 



, ^ J-— 



INTRODUCTION. 



A LIST 

or all those adjectives wliicb are on exception 
(0 tie rules laid down, or, wbicli are subjecled 
10 no rule at all. 

N.B. That the words marked with * are 
Nh Hdjectives and nouna ; and tbat where you 
iml t blank in tbe column, the word, iu that 
rcs[>ect, follows tbe general rule. 



AJjectirn. 

aKsons, 

aft4ttr»teur, 

I'judicaieur,* 

» moaiteur,* 

Sworatenr,* 

adulaieur,* 

amical, 
anierieur, 
af'preciateur,* 
1. [irobateur,* 

hii, 
UlB, 

Kn^ficial^ 

Kmq, 

bijnc, 

bfjreal, 

alomniateuT,* 

Cioooical, 

fii^rieur, 

cifcricaj, 

templet, 

c Bcret, 

finJucieuT,* 

tJoserrateur,* 

createar,* 

frufil, 

^'^I*teur ,• 



PI oral nnmber, 
na-^cuHoe 
geiider. 



amieals. 



no plural. 



no plural, 
no plural. 



no plural, 
no plural. 



BO plund. 



«nicieur,' 
- 4?cmtl, 

'-'ametnd, 

''.rfclear,* 
«i3cret, 



no plural, 
no plural,* 



r 

'i'Ctonl n#^ Tv1..*«l 



<tonl, 

'i'JTjuatear,* 

^Bfopeen, 

^iptrimeiita], 
nitriear, 

f.tAl, 

f«'ori, 

?«3ti|, 

8l*ial, 

P*», 



so plural, 



no plural, 
fatalf, 

finals. 



no plural, 
no plural, 



Feminine g:ender 
in the 
singolsir. 
absoute. 

accel6ralrice. 

adjudicii trice. 

admonitrice. 

adoratrice. 

adulatrice. 

amateur. 

anterieure. 

appr^ciatrice, 

approbatrice. 

basse. 

belle. 

b^nigne. 
blanche. 



• — calomniatrice. 



— cit^rieure. 



complete. 

concrete. 

conductrice* 

conservatrice. 

cr^atrice. 



d^latrice. 
destructrice. 



directrice. 

discrete. 

dispensatrice. 

dominatrice. 
douce. 
Ipaisse. 
europ^enne. 



— exteneure. 

fausse. 
favorite. 

folic. 

fraiche. 

franche. 



— gentille. 



grasse. 
greoque. 



Adjectircs. 

gros, 

imitateur,* 
immemorial, 
incom{)let, 
indiscret, 
inftri^ur, 
initial, 
instrumental, 
int^rieur, 
invenleur,* 
ivrogne,* 
jaloux, 
labial, 
las, 

legislateur,* 
lib^rateur,* 
long, 
lustral, 
magistral, 
majeur, 
malin, 
mancbot, 
marital, 
m^diateur,* 
medical, 
medicinal, 
meiileur, 
mental, 
mineur, 
monacal, 
mou, 
musical, 
nasal, 
naval, 
nouveau, 
paroissial, 
pascal, 
patronal, 
p6cheur,* 
p^nal, 
post^rieiir, 
pr^ceptoral, 
pr^t, 

priraatial, 
producteur,* 
proverbial, 
public, 
plet. 



re 

roux, 

scrutateur, 

sec, 

secret, 

s6ducteur,* 

seul, 

social, 

sot, 

spec 

sup^i 



rir-ur, 
> 



spectateui 

sup^riM - 

tlie&tral 

tiers, 

total, 

trattre,* 

turc, 

ult^rieur, 

vieux. 



ir.» 



Plural number, 

masculine 

geiider. 



no plural. 



initials, 
no plural. 



no plural. 



no plural, 
no plural. 



no plural, 

no plural, 
no plural. 



no plural, 

no plural, 

no plural, 

nasals, 

navals, 

no plural, 
pascals, 
no plural, 

no plural, 

no plural, 

no plural, 

no plural. 



no plural, 

tb^iktrals, 
no plural, 



ix 

Feminine gendeti 
in tbe 
singular, 
grosse. 
imitatrice. 

incomplete. 

indiscrete. 

inferieure. 



int^rieure. 
invenirice. 
ivrognesse. 
jaluuse. 

Insse. 

legislatrice. 
libera trice, 
longue. 



majeure, 
maligna, 
manchotte. 

m^diatrice. 



— meilleure. 



mmeure. 

ft 

molle. 

nouvelle. 

p^cberesse* 
posterieure. 
prete. 

productrice. 

pnblique. 

replete. 

rousse. 

scruiatrice. 

secbe. 

secrete. 

s^ductrice. 

•eule. 

sotte. 

spectatrice. 

Bup^rieure. 

tierce. 

traitresse. 
turque. 
ult^rieure. 
vieille. 



inthoduction. 



TABLE IV, 

ENGLISH NOUNS. 

RULES FOR rORMIKG THE PLURAL OF ENGLISH 
NOUNS, M'lTH A LIST OF THE IRREGULAR 
NOUNS. 



The singular is the original word ; and, in ge- 
neral » the plural is formed by adding an s to 
the singular; as, dog» (Ufgs. But. though the 
greater part of our nouns form their plurals 
from the singular in this simple manner, there 
are many which do not ; while there are some 
nouns which have no plural number at all, and 
some which have no singular. Therefore, con- 
sidering the above to be the First Rule, I 
shall add other rules with regard to the Nouns 
which do not follow that rule. 

The Second Rule. — Nouns, the singular 
numbers of which end in cht $h, s, or x, require 
es to be added in order to form their plural num- 
ber ; as, ehureh, churches ; brusk, bruthiu; lass, 
lasses ; for, foxes. 

The Third Rule is, that douds which end 
in y, when the y has a consonant coming imme- 
diately before it, changes the y into ies in form- 
ing their plurals ; as, quantity^ quantities. But, 
you must mind, that if the y be not immedi- 
ately preceded by a consonant, the words fol- 
low the /rs( rule, and take only an s in addition 
to their singular; as, day, days. I am the mora 
anxious to guard you against error as to this 
matter, because it is very common to see men 
of high rank and profession writing valliest vol- 
lies, correspondencies, conveniencies^ and the like, 
and yet «U these are erroneous. Correspondence 
and iticonvenience should have simply an s ; for 
they end in e, and nut in y» 

The Fourth Rule is, that nouns which end 
in a single /, or in fe, form the plural by 
changing/. or/«, into ves ; as, loaf, loaves ; wijle, 
wives. But, this rule has exceptions in the fol- 
lowing words, which follow the Jirst rule : 
dwarf, mischief, handkerchief, chief, relief, grief. 
The two last are seldom used in the plural 
number; but, as they sometimes are, 1 have 
included them. 

The Fifth Rule is, that the following nouns 
have their plural in en: man, men; woman, 
women ; ox, oxen ; child, children. And brethren 
is used sometimes as the plural o( brother. 

The Sixth Rule is, that all which nature, or 
art, or habit, has made plural, have no singular; 
as, ashes, annals, bellows, bowels, thanks, breeches, 
entrails, lungs, scissors, snuffers, longs, wages, 
ond some others. 

There are also some nouns which have no 
plural, such as those which express the quali- 



ties, or propensities, or feelings, of the mind or 
heart : as, honesty, meekness, compassion. There 
are, further, several names of herb.*, metals, mine- 
rals, liquids, and of fleshy substances, which have 
no plurals ; to i\-hich may be added the nnmes 
of almost all sorts of grain. There are excep- 
tions here ; for, while wheat has no plural, oats 
have seldom any singular. But all these words, 
and others which are irregular in a similar war, 
are of such very common use, that you will 
hardly ever make a mistake in applying them ; 
for I will not suppose it possible to fall into 
either the company or the language of those 
persons who talk, and even write, about bar' 
leys, wheals, clovers, flours, grasses, and malts. 

There remain to be noticed, however, som^ 
words, which are too irregular in the forming 
of their nlurals to be brought under any dis- 
tinct head even of irregularity. I will, there- 
fore, insert these as they are used in both num- 
bers. ' 

SiognUr. Plural, 

die, dice. 



mouse. 


mice. 


louse, 


lice. 


deer. 


deer. 


goose, 


geese. 


penny. 


pence. 


tooth. 


teeth. 


foot. 


feet. 


TABLE V. 


1 



ENGLISH ADJECTIVES. 

OF THE CHANGING OF THE FORM OF ENGLISH 

ADJECTIVES. 



The adjectives have no changes to express 
number, gender or case; but, they have changes 
to express degrees of comparison. As adjectives 
describe the qualities and properties of nouns, 
and as these may be possessed in a degree higher 
in one case than in another, the adjectives have 
degrees of comparison ; that is to say, clianges 
in their endings, to suit these varying circum- 
stances. A tree may be high, but another may 
be higher, and a third may be the highest. Adjec- 
tives have, then, these three degrees : the first 
degree, or rather, the primitive word, is called 
the Poiitive i the second, the Comparative ; the 
third, the Superlative, For the forming of these 
degrees I shall give you four rules ; and, if you 
pay strict attention to these rules, you will need 
be told very little more about this part of 
speech. 

First Rule, Adjectives in general, which end 
in a consonant, form their comparative degree 
by adding er to the positive, and form their su- 
perlative degree by adding est to the positive : 
as, 

POSITIVE. COMPARATIVE. SUPERLATIVE, 

Rich, Richer, Richest. 



INTRODUCTION, 



xi 



Setmd Rule. Adjectives ^bich end in «, 
add, in formiDg their comparative, only an r, 
atid in forming their soperlHtive, st : as, 

POSrriVE. COMPJkRATlVE. SUPERLATIVE. 

Wise, Wiser, Wisest. 

Thled Rule. When the positive ends in (2,^. 
or (, and irhen these consonants are at the 
i4ma time preceded by a single vittcelt the con- 
soaant is doubled in forming the comparative 
kod superlative ; as, 

COMPARATIVE. SUPERLATIVE. 

Redder, Ueddest. 

Bigger, Biggest. 

Hot, Hotter, Hottest. 

But, if the d, g, or t, be preceded by another 
toD>onant, or by more than one vowel, the final 
rjDsonant is not doubled in the forming of the 
iro latter degrees : as, 

POSITIVE. COMPARATIVE. SUPERLATIVE. 

Kiad, Kinder, Kindest. 

Neat, Neater, Neatest. 

Fimrth RuU, When the positive ends in v, 
preceded by a consonant, the y changes to ie in 
ti)« other degrees. 



POSITIVE. 

Brd, 

Big. 



Positive, 

LoT«ly, 

Pretty, 

Tlicre are 
izctd to no 
M irregular 

fosinvE. 

Good, 

Bsd, 

Utile, 

3luch, 



COMPARATIVE. 

Lovelier, 
Prettier, 



SUPERLATIVE. 

Loveliest. 
Prettiest. 



some adjectives which can be re* 
rule, and which must be considered 
: as, 

COMPARATIVE. SUPERLATIVE. 

Better, Best. 

Worse, Worst. 

Less, Least. 

More, Most. 



Some adjectives can have no degrees of com- 
pirisoo, because their signification admits of no 
wpnsfltation : as, allt each, every, anu* several, 
^'7, kfmi ; and all the numerical a<ijectives : 
u, one, two, three; first, second, third, 

AiJjeciives which end inmo^f, are superlative, 
acd admit of no change : as, utmost, uppermost. 

Howerer, you will observe, that all adjectives 
vhich admit of comparison, may form their 
degrees by the use of the words more and must : 

f'^sinVE. COMPARATIVE. SUPERLATIVE. 

Rirh, More rich, IVIost rich, 

reader, More tender, Most tender. 

When the positive contains but one syllable, 
^^< degrees are usually formed by adding to the 
positive according to the four rules. When the 
pojitirs contains ttco syllables it is matter of 
^stf which method you shall use in forming 
tH« degrees. The ear is, in this case, the best 
pude. But, when the positive contains more 
ihtn tKo sylUMet, the degrees must be formed 
^ the use of more and most. We may say ten- 
^ and tenderest, pleasanter and pleasantest, 
frrtiitr aod prettiest; but who could tolerate 
*<^tr ind delicatest ? 



TABLE VI. 

ENGLISH VERBS. 

RULES FOR ClfANGINO THE ENOINGI OF EKGLISH 
VERD8, WITU A LIST OF THE IRREGULAR 
VKUB8. 



Verbs are called re«;ular, when they hsve 
their cban;;es or variations according to a cer- 
tain rule or manner. Thus : *' 1 waUc,! walked ; 
1 fcork, I tcorked." But, I cannot say, " 1 
writed." I must say, ** I wrote," Now, ob- 
serve, that we call regular verbs all those which 
end their past time of the indicative and their 
passive participle in ed ; and, if you now look 
back at the conjugation of the verb to work, you 
will find that that is a regular verb. Indeed, 
this is the case with almost all our verbs. But, 
there are some little irregularities even here, 
and they must be very well attended to, because 
a want of attention to them leads to very great 
errors even as to spelling. 

These little irregularities I shall notice under 
five separate heads ; and, if ynu should forget, 
at any time, what has been said on the subject, 
a reference to these will, in a moment, set you 
right. — I. The verb to wotk is perfectly regular, 
for it, has ed added to it. in order to form the 
past time, and uUo in order to form the pas- 
five participle. It is the same with the verbs 
to walk, to turn, to abandon, and numerous 
others. But, if the infinitive, that is to say, the 
primitive or original word, end in e, then d only 
is added, in the past time and participle, and st 
instead o^est after Thou : as, in the case of to 
move, which becomes moved and movest. You 
hav« seen, also, in the case of the verb to work, 
that we add only «n s to form the third person 
singular of the present of the indicative : he 
works. But if ihe infinitive end in h, s, x, or s, 
then es must be added ; as, to wish, he wishes ; 
to toss, he tosses : to box, he boxes ; to buzz, he 
buzzes, — n. When the infinitive ends iny, and 
when that y has a consonant immediately before 
it, the 1/ is changed into ie to form the tiiird 
person singular of the present of the indicative: 
as, to reply, he replies. But, (and 1 beg you to 
mark it well,) if the ending 1/ have a vowel im» 
mediately be/ore it, the verb follows the general 
rule, in the formation of the third person sin- 
gular of the present of the indicative: as, to 
delay, he delays ; and not he delates. It is the 
s-.tnie in the second person singular : as, to reply 
thou repliest; to delay, thou delayest. — 11*1, 
When the infinitive ends iny, with a consonant 
immediately before it, the past time of the in- 
dicative and the passive participle are formed 
by using an i instead of the 1/ ; ai, to reply, he 
replied ; to deny, it teas denied. But, if the y 
be preceded by a vowel, ed is added to the y in 

the usual manner: ts, to delay, he delayed. 

IV. The active participle, which always ends in 
ing, is, in ^neral, formed by simply adding the 
ing to the infinitive ; as, to work, working ; to 



xii 



INTRODUCTION. 



talk, talking. But, if tbe iufinitivo ends in a 
single «, the « is dro|>ped : as to mavey moving. 
The verb to be is an exception to this ; but, then 
that is an irregular verb. It is when the infini- 
tive ends in a single e, mind; for, if the e be 
double, the general rule i» followed : as, to free, 
J'reeing. When the influiiive ends in it, those 
letJers ore chnnged into v in the forming of the 
active participle ; ns, to' lie, bfing.—V. When 
the infinitive ends in a single consonant, which 
bus a single voivel immediatelif before it, the final 
consonant is doubled, not only in forming the 
active participle, but also in forming the past 
time of the indicative, and the passive par- 
ticiple; as, to rap, rapping; I rapped, it was 
rapped. But, observe well, this rule holds 
^ood only as to words of one syllable ; for, if the 
infinitive of the verb have more than one syl- 
lable, the consonant is not doubled unless the 
accent be on the lust syllable; and the accent 
means the main force, or weight, or sound of 
the voice in pronouncing the word. For in- 
stance, in the woid to open, the accent is on the 
Jirst syllable ; and, therefore, we write opening, 
opened. But, when we come to the verb to 
refer, where we find the accent on the last 
syllable, we write referring, referred. 

These irregularities, though very necessary to 
be attended to, do not prevent us from consider- 
ing the verbs, which are subject to them, as 
regular verbs. The mark of a regular verb, is, 
that its pa^t lime and passive participle end in ed: 
everyverb, which does not answer to this mark, 
is irregular. 

There are many of these irregular verbs, of 
which 1 shall here insert a complete list. All 
the irregularilies(exce|)t the little irregularities 
just mentioned) which it is possible to find in 
an English veib (the auxiliary verbs exct'pted) 
are in the past tiz/ie and the passive participle on\y. 
Therefore, it will be sufficient to give a List, 
showing, in those two instances, what are the 
irregularities of each verb : and, in order to 
render this List convenient, and to shorten the 
work of referring to it, I shall make it alpha- 
betical. With the past time of the several verbs 
I shall use the first person singular of the pro- 
noun, in order to make my examples as clear as 
possible. 



LIST OF IRRCGULAR VERBS. 



laflnitivf. 
To abide, 
to be, 
to bear, 
to beat, 
to become, 
to befull, 
to beget, 
to begin, 
to behold, 
to bend, 
to beseech, 
to bid, 
to bind, 
to bite. 



Past Time, 
i abode, 
I was, 
I bore, 
1 beat, 
I became, 
I bffell, 
I begot, 
1 began, 
1 beheld, 
I bended, 
I besought, 
I bade, 
I bound, 
Ibit, 



Participle. 

abode. 

been. 

borne. 

beaten. 

become. 

befell. 

begotten. 

begun. 

beheld. 

bent. 

besought. 

bidden. 

bound. 

bitten. 



Infinitive. 


Pasted Time. 


to bleed, 


I bled. 


to break, 


J broke. 


to breed. 


I bred, 


to bring, 


I brought. 


to buy, 


I bought. 


to catch, 


I caught. 


to choose. 


I chose. 


to cleave. 


[ clove. 


to come, 


I came. 


to cost. 


I cost. 


to cut. 


I cut. 


to die. 


I died. 


to do. 


[did. 


to drink. 


[ drank, 


to drive, 


i drove, 


to eat, 


[ate. 


to fall, ] 


I fell. 


to feed. 


[fed. 


to feel, 


[ felt, 


to fight. 


[ fought. 


to find, 


[ found. 


to flee. 


[fled. 


to fling, ] 


• flung. 


to fly, ] 


■ flew. 


to forbear, 1 


; forbore. 


to forbid, 1 


forbade. 


to forget, ] 


forgot. 


to forgive, ^ 


'. forgave. 


to forsake, ] 


forsook. 


to get, J 


■ got, 


to give, ] 


gave. 


t) go, J 


went, 


to grindi ] 


ground, 


to have, 1 


had. 


to hear, 1 


heard. 


to hide, ] 


hid. 


to hit, ] 


hit, 


to hold, ] 


held, 


to hurt, ] 


hurt, 


to keep, 1 


kept. 


to know, ] 


. knew, 


to lay, ] 


. laid, 


to lead, J 


led. 


to leave, J 


left. 


to lend, ] 


lent. 


to let, ] 


let. 


to lie, ] 


lay. 


to lose, } 


lost, 


to make, I 


made. 


to meet, 3 


met. 


to overcome, 1 


overcame. 


to overdo, I 


overdid. 


to pass, ] 


passed, 


to pay, 1 


paid. 


to put, 1 


put, 


to read, ] 


read, 


to rend, 1 


rent. 


to ride, ] 


rode, 


to ring, 1 


rang, 


to rise, 1 


rose. 


to run, ] 


ran. 


to say, ] 


said. 


to see, I 


saw. 


to seek, 1 


sought, 


to soil, I 


sold. 


to send, 1 


sent. 


to set, I 


set. 



Participles. 

bled. 

broken. 

bred. 

brought. 

bought. 

caught. 

chosen. 

cloven. 

come. 

cost. 

cut. 

died. 

done. 

drunk. 

driven. 

eaten . 

fallen. 

fed. 

felt. 

fought. 

found. 

fled. 

flung. 

flown. 

forborne 

forbidden. 

forgotten. 

forgiven. 

forsaken. 

gotten. 

given. 

gone. 

ground. 

had. 

heard. 

hidden. 

hit. 

held. 

hurt. 

kept. 

known. 

laid. 

led. 

left. 

lent. 

let. 

lain. 

lost. 

made. 

met. 

overcome. 

overdone. 

past. 

paid. 

put. 

read. 

rent. 

ridden. 

rung. 

risen. 

run. 

said. 

seen. 

souffht. 

sold. 

sent. 

set. 



INTRODUCTION. 



xm 



laflnitiTe. 
to shuke, 
to shear, 
to shed, 
to show^, 
tu fihriuk, 
to sboe, 
to shoot, 
to shut, 
lo iing, 
to sink, 
to git, 
lo slar, 
to sleep, 
to slide, 
to slit, 
to unite, 
to ^peak, 
t« speed, 
to spend, 
to spin, 
to gpit, 
to spread, 
to rand, 
to <st»-al, 
to ^tick, 
to slink, 
to strike, 
to svrear, 
to take, 
to t*acb, 
to tear, 
ti It'll, 
to think, 
to tread, 



Panwd Time. 
I shook, 
I sheared, 
I shed, 
I showed, 
I shrank, 
I shod, 
I shot, 
X shut, 
I 8ttne« 
I sunk, 
I sat, 
I sle\\', 
I slept, 
I slid, 
1 slit, 
I smote, 
I spoke, 
I sped, 
I spent, 
I span, 
I spit, 
I spread, 
I stood, 
I stole, 
I stuck, 
I stunk, 
I struck, 
I swore, 
I took, 
1 taught, 
1 tore, 
I told, 



Participles, 
shaken, 
shorn, 
shed, 
shown, 
shrunk, 
shod, 
sbotten. 
shut. 

SUQg. 

sunk. 

sitten. 

slain. 

slept. 

alidden. 

slit. 

smitten. 

spoken. 

sped. 

spent. 

spun. 

spitten. 

spread. 

stood. 

stolen. 

stuck. 

stunk. 

stricken. 

BTcom. 

taken. 

taug^ht. 

torn. 

told. 

thought. 

trodden. 



I thought 

I irod, 
to cndcratand, I understood, understood. 

to wear, I wore, worn, 

to win, I won, won. 

to wind, I wound, wound. 

to write, I wrote. written. 

It is usoal with Grammarians to insert se- 
Tfral rerbs in their LUt of Irregulars which I 
hire not inserted here. But I have, in the 
iboTe list, placed everj verb in our language 
»hich is really irregular. However, I will 
heie tnbjoin a list of those verbs which are, 
\>y Eome Grammarians reckoned irregalar ; and 
then I will show voa, not only that they are 
u>t irregular, strictly speaking, but that you 
ou^kt by all means to use them in a regular 
form. 

LISTOF VkRBS WntCH, BY 80MC PERSONS, ARE 
£iaON£OU6I.Y DEEMEb IRREGULARS. 

lafinitltc. 

To awake. 
to bereave, 
tu blow, 
to bttild, 
to burn, 
to burst, 
to cast, 

to chide, 

to cling, 

to creep, 

looow, 

to csne, 



Passed Time. 


Participles 


I awoke. 


awaked. 


I bereft, 


bereft. 


I blew. 


blown. 


I built. 


built. 


I burnt. 


burnt. 


1 burst. 


burst. 


T cast. 


cast. 


I chid. 


chidden. 


I clung. 


clung. 


1 crept, 


crept. 


I crew. 


crowed. 


I curst. 


curst. 



Infinitive, 
to dare, 
to dual, 
to dig, 
to dip, 
to draw, 
to dream, 
to dwell, 
to freeze, 
to geld, 
to gild, 
to gird, 
to grow, 
to hang, 
to help, 
to hew, 
to kneel, 
to knit, 
to Inde, 
to leap, 
to light, 
to load, 
to mow, 
to overflow, 
to saw, 
to sliave, 
to shred, 
to shine, 
to sling, 
to slink, 
to slip, 
lo smell, 
to snow, 
to sow, 
to spell, 
to spill, 
to split, 
to spring, 
to stamp, 
to sting, 
to strew, 
to slrow, 
to stride, 
to string, 
to strip, 
to strive, 
to sweep, 
to swell, 
10 swim, 

to swing, 

to thrive, 
to throw, 
to thrust, 
to wax, 
to weave, 
to weep, 
to whip. 



Passed Time. 
I dared, 
I dealt, 
I dug, 
I dipt, 
I drew, 
I dreamt, 
I dwelt, 
I froze, 
I gelt, 
I gilt, 
I girt, 

1 grew, 

1 bung, 

I helpt, 

1 hewed, 

I knelt, 

I knit, 

1 loaded, 

I leaped, 

I light. 

I loaded, 

J mowed, 

1 overflowed, 

I sawed, 

1 sliaved, 

1 shred, 

I shone, 

I slung, 

I slunk, 

I slipt, 

I smelt, 

It snowed, 

I sowed, 

I spelt, 

I spilt, 

I split, 

I sprang, 

I stampt. 



Participles, 
dared, 
dealt, 
dug. 
dipt, 
drawn, 
dreamt, 
dwelt, 
ff ozi: n. 
gelt, 
gilt, 
girt. 
grown, 
hung, 
helpt. 
hewn, 
knelt, 
knit, 
laden, 
leapt, 
light, 
loaden. 
mown, 
overflown, 
sawn, 
shaven, 
shred, 
shone, 
slung, 
slunk, 
slipt. 
smelt, 
siiown, 
sown, 
spelt, 
spilt, 
split, 
sprung, 
stampt. 



I stung or staog, stung. 
I strewed, strewn. 



I strowed, 
I strode, 
I strung, 
1 stript, 
I strove, 
1 swept, 
I swelled, 
I swam, 
I swung or 

swang, 
I throve, 
I threw, 
I thrust, 
I waxed, 
I wove, 
I wept, 
I whipt, 



strown. 

stridden, 

strung. 

siript. 

striven, 

swept. 

swollen, 

swum. 

swung. 

thriven. 

thrown. 

thrust. 

waxen. 

woven. 

wept. 

whipt. 



The greater part of these verbs have become 
irregular by the bad practice of abbreviaiing or 
shortening, in writing. We are always given 
to cut our words short ; and, with very few 
exceptions, you find people writing lov'd, mnv*d, 
walked ; instead of loved, moied, walked. They 
wish to make the pen correspond with the 
tongue ; but they ought not then to write the 
word (fie at full length, nor the word rf, noy 



XIV 



INTRODUCTION. 



any other little word ; for scarcely ever are 
these words fully iounded in speaking. From 
lov*d, mov'd, walkedt it is very easy to slide 
into lovt, movt, toaUct. And this has been the 
case with regard to cursf, dealtf dwelt, leapt, 
helpt, and mauy others in the last-inserted list. 
It is just as proper to snyjumpt, as it is to say 
leapt, and jast as proper to say walkt as either ; 
and thus we might go on, till the orthogriphy 
of the whole language were changed. When 
the love of contraction came to operate on such 
▼erhs as to bunt and to tight, it found such a 
clump of consonants already at the end of the 
words, that it could add none. It could not 
enable the organs eren of English speech to 
pronounce burst*d, lighted. It therefore made 
really short work of it, and, dropping the last 
syllable altogether, wrote burst and light in the 
past time and passive participle. But is it not 
more harmonious, as well as more correct, to 
say, *< The bubble is almost bursted,*' than it 
IS to say, *< The bubble is almost burst"! And 
as to hang, is it not better to say hanged than 
hungf ** I will be hanged if I do," is a very 



common phrase, and is it not better than it would 
be to say, " I will be hung if I do'"! Many of 
these verbs, by being very difficult to contract, 
have, as in the casn of to hang, to swing, and tho 
like, reduced the shorteners to the necessity o£ 
changing almost all the letters of the words : 
as, to dare, durst : but is it not better to say I 
dared than I durst ? Tiiis habit of contracting: 
or shortening is a very mischievous habit. It 
leads to the destruction of all propriety in the 
use of letters ; and instead of a saving of time, 
it produces, by the puzzling that it gives rise 
to, a great loss of time. Hoping that what £ 
have here said will be a warning to you against 
the cutting of words short, 1 have only to add, 
on the subject of irreynlar verbs, that those in 
the last list are to be used in the regular form* 
and that the only real irregulars are those of 
the first list. Nay, I have, after all, left some 
verbs in the first list, which may be used in 
the regular form : as past, which may be, ia 
the participle, passed, and with full as much 
propriety. 



PART I. 



FRENCH AND ENGLISH. 



NOUVEAU 



D I CTI ON N AIRE 



FRANC A IS— ANGLAIS. 



A, nk 11 the fint Utttr in allmodamluigiiages. 
As a word, it is either a verb or a pre|KMii- 
tion. II ads Vargent, he has money. As a 

» preposition^ it ti^ces the graye accent, and 
generallj coiresponds to ihe datire of the 
Latins: A awt, to me: A Henri, to Hennr. 
The preposition JL is often eqaivalent to the 
prepositions aftbb, abovt, within, with, 
Br, FOB. ov» FBOM, &c. Foi a pat, step by 
step : Un i tts, one by one : A ptu dsjrais, 
at little expense : II dtmmre 4 CheUia, he 
lires St Chelsea: Afuelprnpotl to what pur- 
pose 1 A la Jin du mait, at the end of the 
month : Un kaUt a la Fran^ai$e, a coat after 
the French fitihion : lU aUirtnt a pUd, they 
went on foot : A on tout peine de la vie, under 
pain of death : De ptaranU d ciaqwnUe livrea, 
from forty to fifty poondfl. 

Ab ABBUFTo,BioreeQmmoiily,£x ABnuFTO>odo. 
(^•) iasmediately, without delay. 

Abacot, «». a cap of state. 

Abaissb, «f. th« nndercmst of any pastry* 

Abamsxveict, sm, abasement, abjeetioni mean- 
ness : ftll, disgraoe. 

AsAiasBm, va. to lower, to bring down, to hum- 
ble, to mortify. 

Abaissbb (S'), vr, to humble oneself, to cringe. 

AsALOunnin, ma. (/am.) to dull, to render dull, 
tostapify. 

Abaxdon, «m. learing, forsaking : destitution, 
derelietion : an easy and natural way in one's 
speeeh or nmmiers. A Vabandon, adv, exp, in 
confusion, mt random. 

Aba M noirif i, ssutproiigate, a shameless wretch. 

AsAKnoNiti, pofi. snd adj, deserted, forsaken, 
vninhdbataa: impudent, shsmeless. 

AbavdokiiAb, if. aprostitute, a public strumpet. 

ABAB»«imBifBXT, SM. abandonment, resigns- 
tm;fiTiii9 up) being forsaken, FstreroAon- 



don dues himt, to give up all one's effecta 
and chattels : excess of lewdness, debauchery. 

Abandohnbb, va, to abandon, tofonake, to giye 
oyer, to leaye off, to relinquish, to resign. 

Abandonnbb (S'), vr. to giye oneself up, to 
be addicted to : to giye way, to trust to. 

Abannation, rf. abannition, a banishment <^or 
mandaughter), 

Abaqux, sm. Abacus: (arch,) the uppermost 
member of a column : (antA.) a table of mul- 
tiplication. 

Ababticvlatioit, sf, (anat.') absrtieulation. 

AsASOUBntB, va, to stun; to fill with eon-* 
stemation. 

AbItardir, va, to cause to degenerate, to de- 
teriorate, to corrupt, to yitiate, to spoil. 

ABlTABDiR(S*),vr. to degeneratCyto grow worse. 

'AbItabdissembnt sm, degeneracy. 

Ab AT-CH A vysB, sf, flock ; a sort of infiarior wool. 

Abat-paim, sm. a large joint of meat. 

Abatis, sm, abatis :■ giblets. 

Abat-jour, sm, (arch,) a skylight. 

Abattant, sm, the shutter of a window or 
skylight. 

Abattaob, sm, pulling m* felling down : the ex- 
penses of clesring a forest. 

Abattsm SNT, sm, weakness, faintness : dtscou** 

. ragement, dejection, lowneas of spirits. Abat» 
tement de cttur, faintness. 

Abattxitr, sm, (oftf.) one who pulls or beats 
down J a babbler, a bragger. 

Abattoir, sm, aslaughteihouse. 

Abattrx, va, to pull or beat down : to conquer^ 
to surmount : to demolish, to pull down : to 
weaken, to debilitate. 

ABATTRB(S'),vr. to abate, to relent : to be cast 
down or dejected, to despond. Son cKeval s*a* 
hattit, his horse tumbled down. Le vent 
s*abat, the wind falls. 

Abattu, part, and adj, oyerthrowni demolished : 
afflicted, dejected, 

B 



ABO 

ABATtt7tifid, tmt, pi. {ven.) abatnres, foiling. 
Abat-vent, sm, a penthouse, a pentice. ^ 
Abat-voix, tm, the top of a church -pulpit. 
AbbatiaLi adjf abbatial, beloi^ing to an abbot 

or abbess. Droits abbcttiaux, the rights and 

privileges of an abbot. 
Abbaye, sf, an abbey. 
Abb6, cm. an abbot, (ths French give thi tUU of 

Aaai to alt their clergymen, in generaL) 
Abbesse, sf, an abbess. 

A, B, C, sm. the alphabet, a primer : the ele- 
ments or mdiments of a science or an art. 
ABciDER, vn, to tuftiinto an abscess. 
Abc&s, fta. an abscess, a tumour, a swelling. 
Abdication, tf. abdication, resignation. 
Abdiquer, va, to abdicate, to resign. 
Abdomen, tm. the abdomen, the lower venter 

or belly. 
Abdominal, a^, abdominal. 
Abducteur, «m. (^anat,) abductor, abducent. 
Abduction, tf, abduction. 
AaitcitDAiRE, sm. abecedary, who is still learn- 
ing the alphabet. 
Abeille, sf. a bee. Les bouriannewmite dee 

abeillet, the hum or buz of bees. 
Ab^q VER, va, to feed a young bird with a feather 

or a stick. 
AnBRKATTOK, rf, (ot.) aberrsttdn, deviation 

from the common or light track. 
AsftTim, va, to atnpify , to make stapid. 
AaiTiR, vn, to gvaw stnpid. 
Ab boc bt ab hac, (lot.) at random* 
Abhorrxr, va. to abhor, to loathe, toibominate, 

to hate, to execrate, to detest. 
AatME, sm, an abyss, hell. 
AbSm^, destroyed, mined* (Test tin homrn* 

aihii, he is undone, he is ruined. Abim^ 

dans la douleur, overwhelmed with grief. 
AbImkr, tMi. to throw into an abyss : to destroy, 

to rain : to waate^ to consume, to squander 

away. 
Abxmxr (S*), tr. to fell into an abyss, to min 

oneself. 
Ab intbstat, adv, (lat.) intestate, without wilL 
Abject, adj. abjeet, base, low: mean, vile> 

worthlesB, contemptible. 
Abjection, tf, abjection, baseness, vileness, 

meanness. 
Abjuration, ef* abjuration. Ai^ratUm dW* 

reurs, revocation of errors. 
Abjurer, va. to abjure, to recant, to revoke, 

to forswear. Al^wter v.ne optmon, to give np 

an opinion. 
Aslais, «m. -com cut down but not yet tsken 

oat of the field. 
Ablativ, «n. (gr.) the 'ablatave case. 
Abls on ablbtts, if. (a tsh) an ablet, a blay 

or bleak. 
Abl&oation, tf. ablegation. 
Abluant, adj. abluent, that washes clean. 
Abluer, va. to wash paper with a liquor in 

order to revive the writing. 
ABLirTioN,-«f. ablulidn, the act of washing clean. 
Aboi on Ajio.ibmznt, tm. barking, baying. 
Abois, em. pi. extremity, desperate situation. 

itre riduit aut aboisy to be reauced to the last 

shift,*totry1he lest efforts. 
Abolik, va, to aboliflb, to Ma»il> to omooli to 
t 



ABO 

luppress, to abrogate, to repeal, to revoke, 
to rescind, to take off. 

Abo Liss ABLE, adj. abolishable, that may be 
abolished. 

ABOLissEMENT.sf. abolishmeut, annulment, can- 
celling. 

Abolition, ef. abolition, abrogation, rescission, 
expunction, extinction, suppression, erase- 
ment. 

Abominable, adj. abominable, detestable, ex- 
ecrable, hateful : hainous or heinous, flagi- 
tious, atrocious* 

ABOMtNABLEMENTfiuii;. abomioablyi detestably, 
in an execrable manner. 

Abomination, sf. abomination, detestation, ex- 
ecration, .horror. Avoir en abomination, to 
abhor, to execrate.- £tre en abomination, to 
be detested or abhorred. 

AbOminbr, va. to abominate, to detest, to abhor. 

Abondamment, adv. abundantly, in plenty, 
amply, more than sufficiently. 

Abondance, \sf. abundance, plenty, affluence, 
exuberance, profusion : wine mixed with a 
gi«at deal of water. 

Abondant, adj. abundant, plentiful. D^abon- 
dant, adv, over and above, moreover. 

Abondbr, tm. to abound in or with, to have an 
abunUance of. Abonier dans le sens de quel- 
qu*un, to be of one's opinion. 

Abonnb» smf a aubsciiber, one wbo eompoondfl 
with. 

Abonnembnt^ tm, a anbaeiiption, a compoand- 
ing with. 

Abonner, va. to aubecribe, to c<)mpound for. 

Abonnbr (S'), vr, to agi«e beforehand, to sub- 
scribe to. 

ABONNiR,oa.tomakebetter,to improve, to mend. 

Abord, sm. i^ipvoach, aoceas, landing, arrival. 
Lieu d'wi grand eherd, a place of great resort. 
Homme de doui aberd, an affable man. J)u 
premier aberd, ndo. esp. at firat sight : B^abord, 
first, at first. 

Abordablb, adj. accessible, of easy acceas. 

Abordaoe, tm, the boarding or running foul {of 
a ship), Alkr d Vabordage, (mar.) t» board. 

Abordbr, va. to approach, to come near. Aborder 
un vaitseau, to board a ship : Aborder tone per- 
towne, to accost one. 

Aborder, vn. to land, to disembark, to arrive 
at, to resort to. 

Aborigines, tm.pl. ab&riginea, ^e earliest in* 
habitants of a country. ' 

Abornement, sm. limitation, the fixing of bor* 
dera or limita. 

Aborner, va. to limit, to set bounds to. 

Abortip, adj. abortive, bom before due time, 
still-bom. 

Abovchbmbnt, sm, an interview, a conference, 
m parley. 

Aboucher, va. to bring persons together. 

A-boucher (S'), vr. to have an interview, to 
confer with. 

AsouQiTBMaNTijm. addition of fresh salt. - 

Abouqobr, vs, to add fresh salt. 

About, sm. the extremity of a piece of wood cut 
with a sqaave, and made ahdving.' 

Aboutir, vn. toconfine, ta border upon : to end, 

I to tend to, to tciminftte ia. Tpui c^la n'obeu- 



ABS 

lbs ^Hm, in tidt win eome to nothing. Ah&u-: 

Itr, (dUr.) to soTOonrte, to ^tber. 
AaooTi* (8*), vr. (ogr.) to bad, to be covered 

with buds. 
AiouTisa AVT^odf'.thmt oomeo to, bordering upon. 
Aeounss a rts, ha. pi, the bounds or limiti. Les 

tm m mtt <t le$ ahouti$$anU d^ne affaire, the pur- 

ticvlan, the preumstanceB or ends of a thing. 
AnotrrissBiiEKT, sm, m eking^iece: sappu* 

ratMn. 
As irvo, «ie. {lat.) fipim the beginning. 
AaoTAKT, adj. barking, baying. 
Aamrmm, w. lo bark, to bay, to yelp : to inveigh 

against : to gape after, to covet. Abrryer i ta 

huia, to bai^ at die moon. 
AaoTKum, tm, a barker, a dun: one who covets 

a thing. 
AaBioi, tm, an abridgment, an epitome, a sum- 

wtmrjm En ahr^6, adv, compendiously, in a 

£bw words, briefly. 
ABniflKifEifTtiia. an abridging, a shortening. 
ABmioKa,«a.to abridge, to abbreviate, to shorten, 

to •pitamixe. Pour aMger, to be short. 
AaaxuvKB, sa. to water, to lead to water: to 

BOBK, to HBDIDe. 

Abbbovbb (S'), (it is only used in the figura- 
tive Benae) as : S^abrtuver do tang, to batlie in 
blood, to tako pleasore in spilling it : yabreu' 
vat da laratfs , to melt into tears. 

Abbbutoib , Ml. a horse-pond , a watering-place. 

AaniTiATBua, sm. an abbreviator, an abndger. 

AaaiTiATioK, sf. an abbreviation. 

Abbi , am, a dielter. Se'mettre a Vatri, to shelter 
or Booure oneself firom. A Vabri do, pre, 
sheltered from, under the protection of. 

Abbicot, tm, {afrait) an apricot* Ihie compete 
d^abrwott, stewed apricots. 

Abbicotibb, sm, an apricot-tree. 

Abbitbb, va, to shelter, to screen, to shade. 

Abbi VEST, sm. any shelter from the wind. 

Abbooatiow, ^. abrogadoii, extinction, repeal. 
AhragatioH d una bi, the repeal of a law. 

Abboobb, m. to abrogate, to repeal, to annul. 

Aaar-TiB , va. to stupify , to make stupid, to besot. 

Abbpti b (S'), or. to grow stupid. 

Abbutissbiient, sm. brutishness, stupor, stu- 
peAictioa, stupidity. 

Absbwcb, rf. abaeBde, removal. Abtenee d'et- 
frUf abfienoe of miBd, uttttention,want of 



Absbiitb!^. f '*'** ^^® " absent, an absentee. 

AasBiiT, «4f. ab se n t, not present. 

AB8s»m (S'), vr. to absent oneself, to keep 

out ef the way. 
Absixtbb, «f. wormwood : grief, bitterness. 

», poaiave. 



ABsaur,«i^., absolute, positive, certain, uncon- 
ditioiml: not limitBd, arbitraiy, despotic. 
GtfwtemMwnt abtolut a despotic government. 

AasourHxinr, adv, ab#oluteIy, positively, ar- 
lithnkj, peremptorily : by all means. Ah- 
a»(mmamt farlant, generally speaking. 

Absolution, rf, absolution, remission of sins. 
dkmkuiam, {par,} acquittal, discharge. 

AiMLUTOXBB, 042;. absolutory, that which ab- 



AasoBBAKT, tm, (pky,') an absorbent. 
AssoBBAKT, «iy*ibfOtbMt, iukibiag. 



AOA 

Absoubbb, va, to absorb, to iwanow np, I9 

suck up, to imbibe : to waste. 
Absobption, rf, absorption, absorbing. 
Absovdbb, va. to absolye, to dear, to acquit, 

to discharge, to release^ 
Absoutb, sf. a genersl absolution of sins. Fairs 

Vabtout^, to pronounce a general absolution* 
AssTiME, adj, abstemious, sober, abstinent, who 

drinks no wine. 
Abstenib (S*), vr. to abstain, to refrain from. 
Abstention, sf. the giving up of an inheri« 

tance : (jur.) recusation of a judge. 
Abstbbobr, ihi. to absterge, to wipe, to cleanMu 
Abstbbgent, sm. an abstergent. 
Abstbrgbnt, ^4j' abstergent, having a cleaniY 

ing quality. 
Abstebsip, adj, abstersive, having the qnalitj 

of cleansing. 
Abstebsion, sf. abstersion, the act of cleansing* 
Abstinence, sf, abstinence, abstineucy, temper* 

ance, forbearance of necessary fooa. 
Abstinent, adj. abstinent, sober, temperate* 
Ab8tract{f, adj. (06s.) abstractive. 
Abstbaotion, sf. abstraction : absence of ifiind* 
Abstbaibe, va, to abstract, to separate, to re- 
duce. It is only used in the inf. , the present, 

the future, and the part. past. 
Abstbait, part, and adj. abstracted, separated, 

disjoined: absent, inattentive. 
Abstraitev bnt, adv. abstractedly, with abstract 

tion, simply. 
Abstbus, a^. abstru^, hidden, obscure, is^ 

tricate. 
Absurdb, adj, absurd, preposterous, nonsen- 

sicf^, unreasonable, inconsistent. 
Absurdem ent, adv. absurdly, nonsensically, un« 

reasonably, inconsistently. 
Absurdite; sf. absurdity, nonsense. 
Abvs, 5m. abuse, abusage, ill use : a bad custoni : 

an error, a mistake. 
Abuser, va. to abuse, to make an ill use of: to 

seduce, to deceive : to debauch, to violate* 
Abuser (S'), to mistake, to be mistaken. 
Abussur, sm. an abuser, a deceiver : a seducei, 

a ravisher. 
Abusip, 04/. abusive : abuseful: improper^^®- 

ceitful. 
Abusivbment, adv, abusively, improperly. 
Ac ABIT, «m, good or bad taste (speaking of fruit)* 
Acacia, sn^. (a tree") an acacia. 
AcADBMiciEN, sm. an academician, a fellow or 

member of a learned society. 
AcAoiMiE, sf, an academy : a gambUng-bouae : 

a riding-bouse. 
AcAoiMiQUE, adj, acad^mic, academic^. 
AcADiMiQUEMBNT, odv, academically, m an 

academical manner. 
AcAO&MisTE, sm, a pupil in a fencing or rising 

academy. 
AcAONARDEB (^*\ VT, to ppow lazy, to sit sot- 
ting, lazy or iale. It is also used actiyely* 

La mauvaise eompagnie acagnardef bad com- 
pany makes one lazy. 
Acajou, 5m. maho^ny. Noix faeajou, c^bew* 

nuts. 
AcANTHAci,a<^'. (ftot.) thorny. 
Ac A NTB B, i^. {a plant )the aioanthus or bear's fpot 
AcABiJLTRje, adj, peeyisb, humouraome. 

B ft 



AOC 

AcabiXtsstA, if. peevishneis, frfttfulndM. 
AcATALEPTiQUBy oii/.acataleptic, without defect 

at the end. 
AoATALspsiB, if, aeatalepsj, impossibility of 

complete discovery. 
AccABLAKT, ivij, burdensomo, heavy : g^evous, 

troublesome. 
AccABLEMBNT, <m. oppressioD, hesTinesSy fa- 
tigue : faintness, dejection of mind. 
AccABLEB, i». to overwhelm* to overburden, to 
oppress : to tire» to fatigue, to weigh down : 
to torment, to plague. 
AccAPABEMENT, <}». forestalling, monopoly. 
AccAPABEB, tMi. to forestall, to monopolize. 
AccAP ABEVB, sm. a forestaller, a monopolist. 
AccABEB, va. {jur^ to confront culprits. 
AccABiATiON, «f. (Jur^ the confronting of 

culprits. 
AccioBB, tm. to accede, to advene, to come 

over, to assent. 
AccBL&BATEVB, MB. SB sccelerator. 
Acc^L&BATEUB, 4u^'. Bcceleratiug, accelerative* 
AcciL^BATiON, «f. acceleration. 
AcciLiBBB, va. to accelerate, to hasten, to 

quicken motion. 
Accent, <tn. an accent, a modification of the 

voice : a manner of speaking particular to a 

nation, a province, at an individual. AcemXtt 

pL sounds, song, cries. 
AccEKTVATioN, if. Bccentuation. 
AccBNTUBB,iMi. to aocoBt, to mark with an accent. 
Acceptable, a^. acceptable, worth accepting. 
AccBPTANT, im. (com,) the acceptor. 
Acceptation, gf. acceptation, reception : (^con.') 

acceptance. 
AccEPTEB, va, to accept, to receive kindly: 

(com*) to accept, to acknowledge. 
AccBPTBUB, tm. (^com.) the acceptor. 
AccBPTiON, «f. regard, respect : aoception, 

acceptation, signification, meaning. 
Accis, fm. access, approach, admittance : a fit. 

Homme d§ faeiU accig, a man of easy access. 
Accessible, a^j* accessible, that may be easily 

approached. 
Accession, sf, accession, consent: aogmenta- 

tion, enlargement, ileeetnonsift tr&ns, acces- 
sion to the throne. 
AccBssiT,«f. (atchool t«nii),the second premium. 
AccBssoiBE, adj. accessory, additiotud. 
AccBSsoiBEMBNT, odv. Bccessorily. 
Accident, tm. accident, casualty, chsnce, mis- 
chance, misfortune : (gr.) the property of a 

word. Par accident, adv. exp. accidentally, 

by chsnce. 
AcciDENTEL, adj. accidental, cesual, fortuitous. 
AcciDBNTELLBMBNT, odo. accidentally, CBSUsUy, 

fortuitously. 
AccisE, sf, the excise, a tax on liquors and other 

objects. 
AccLAMATBUB, sfli. SB sppUuder, B shoutBT. 
Acclamation, rf. an acclamation, a shout. 
AccLAMPEB, va. to cUuBp, to Strengthen with 

clsmps. 
AccLiMATBB, va. to ajccustom to a climate. 
AccLiicATBB (S'), vr. to get accustomed to a 

climate, to a plate. 

Accointance, sf, (Jam.) acquaiatwM, fami- 
liarity. 
4 



ACC 

AccoiSRMEKT, Ml. (vkff.) % oslm, B subsiduig. 
AccoisBB, vs. (jpky?) to calm, to assuage. 
Accolade, if. an embrace, a hug : a biBioe* 

Donner L* accolade, to dub one a knight. 
Accolaoe, SSI. the propping of the vine. 
Accolbb, va. to embrace, to hug: to brace 
several sums into one. AccoUr la vigne, to 
tie a vine to its prop. 
Accommodablb, a^ij. accommodsble, that nmy 

be fitted or composed. 
Accommodagb, am. fitting: the dressing of 

victuals. 
Accommodant, adj. complying, compUiBaiit, 

good-natured. 
AccoM modem BNT, Ml. Bccommodatioii, conve- 
nience : agreement, bargain : reconcilmtioa : 
medium, temper, way. 
AccoMMODEB, va. to fit up, tOBuit : to dress, to 
cook : to mend, to settle : to reconcile, to ap- 
pease. 
AccoMMODEB (S*), VT. to aocommodate oneself, 

to agree with, to take one's ease. 
AccoMPAONATEuB, Ml. (nnm.) au acoompamery 

he who accompanies with an instmmmit. 
AccoMPAGNBMBNT, Ml. the Bocoii^Muijring or 
waiting on, attendance, rotinue: acoompem* 
ment, thorough-bass or bass. 
AccoMPAGNEB, VS. to Bccompany, to attend, to 

wait on, ^ escort : to matoh, to suit with* 
AccoMPAONBB ^S'), w. to Booompany obs'b 

voice with an instrument. 
Accompli, pari, and adj. complete, ezoeUenty 

perfect, accomplished. 
Accomplib, va. to accomplish, to fulfil: to 

perform, to satisfy. 
AccoMPLiB (S'), vr. to be fulfilled. 
Accomplissement, mi. accomplishment, ful- 
filment, performance. 
AccoN, Ml. (mar.) a fiat boat. 
AccoBD, Ml. accord, agreement, compact, eon- 
cord, harmony, symmetiy: consent, goodnn- 
derstanding. 
AccoBDABLE, o^j. iccordable, that may bo 

granted. 
AccoBDAiLLEs, tf. pi. the eeiemoBy of betroth- 
ing. 
Accobdant, a^. tunable, concoidant, agfeeing 

in sound or tone, hannonious. 
AccoBD&, Ml. B onn betrothed to a woman. 
AccoBDiE, tf. a woman betrothed to a nmn* 
AccoBDEB, va. to allow, to grant, to concede : 
- to adjust, to reconcile. Aceorder un inttru- 
mgnt, to tune an instrument: Aceorder m 
mariage, to betroth, to give in marriage* 
AccoBOEB (S'), vr. to agree, to be in haimony 

with. 
AccoBDEVB, Ml. B toner, one who tones mttaical 

instruments. ^ 

AccoBDOiB, Ml. a toning-key. 
AccoBE, Ml. (mar.) prop, shore, support. La 

aceoret d*un bane, the edges of a sandhonk. 
AcooBEB, va. (mar.') to prop, to support. 
AccoBNfi, a^. (her.) homed. 
Accobt, atfj. (<^«) civil, complaisant t cunning, 

subtle. 
Accost ablb, adj. accostable, a&ble, easy of 

access.^ 
AcoosTBX. M. ta accost* to go iMur. 



ACC 

ieootriB (8*); tr, tofreqnsiit, to keep eonpenjr 
vitb (nottff Vied in & bad tense). 

Aeoem, w.'to prop np, to snpport* 

AccoTU (S'), vr. (obi.) to lean against. 

iecoToia, im, a piop> a leaning-stook, any thing 
tsknaapon. 

Accovcaia, if. a woman in childbed. 
AccovcHixENT, Ml. a wonum's deKveij. 
Acooocna, vs. to delirer a woman. 
AccoucasB, «»: to be brought to bed. Ac- 

tt^uhtr ffWfif t9rme, to misGanj. 
AocovcBEUB, im. an acooncheor, aman-midwife. 
AccoucBBota, if. a midwife, 
iccorasa (S*), vr. to lean on one's elbow. 
AocovDoiB, jM. any thing 4t to lean apon. 
iccouBB» m. to hamstring a stag. 
AccovPLE, if, a brace, a leash. 
AccooptEMxnT, an. a conpUng €t joining to- 

gather: m^ialation. 
AtxoirpLXB, M. to coople, to join together. 
AccovpLEB (S'), vr. to conple. 
AccovBciB, vs. to shorten, to abridge* 
AccovBcia (8*), vr. to grow short. 
AccooBGissBMEKTyna. shortening, abridging. 
AcoovBiB, v». to nin, to hasten to, to flock 

together. 
AccocTBBMBXT, MB. an Bcoontrement, a garb, 

adicss. 
AccovTBBB, vs. to acooQtre, to dress. 
AocoQTUMAxcE, sf, (oi<«) custom, habit, use. 
AccouTVxi, a4j' aocnstomed, nsnal. A Toe* 

e»taairt, otfv. exp. (Jam.) as nsnal. 
AccovTUMXB, va. to accustom, to use, to inuro. 
AccoimTiiBB (S'), vr. to be accustomed to: 

to Qse, to inuro oneself to. 
Acoovvi, port, and adj, (JamS) sitting bj the 

inside. 
AocovYEB, m. to sit on the eggs. 
AccBsoiTEB, va. to give credit or authority, to 

Msg into esteem. 
iccBiiDiTXB (S'}, vr. to get into credit, to get 

aasme. 
AecaimoN , if. (p^^*) accretion, augmentation, 

iacnase. 
AccBoc, AH. a rant, a hook, a stop. 
AccBocHE, , ^. a hinderance, an obstacle, a 

dtiealty.' 
AccKocBExxNT, fsi. grappling. 
AccBocasB, fo. to hang upon, to hook in: 

(/mi.) to delay, to put off. 
AecBocBEB (S*), (mar.) to grapple a ship : lay 

•f csich hold or, to stick to. 
AccBoxBB, vs. (is only used with/atre,) to make 

oes beliere. JEn /afrt o^crwre, to impose 

VROL S*«n faxTB aeeroirt, to be self-conceited. 
AocBoinEMENT, Ml. Bccntion, increase. 
Accioh-BB, va. to increase, to augment, 
^aotraa (S'), vr. to incroase, to improve. 
AccBovpiB (8*), vr. to squat upon the ground. 
AccBovpxiSBMBVT. m. the sitting squat. 
AccBiTB, ;f. augment, increase. 
AortBiL, jM. reception. Ban aeeiuit, kind 

VMipCion, hearty welcome : Mouvati aecueit, 

w&twable reception. Faire aceueil, to ro- 

eeire kindly. 
AcecuLUB, «8. to receive, to welcome: to 

OTotake, to fidl unon. 
AoTL, mu tt bynd alley, a place without 

3 



ACl 

thoroughfare : stakes to prevent a gun from 

drawing back : the depth of a bay. 
AccuLER, ve. to drive one to a place from 

which he cannot go any farther: to drive to 

the last extremity. 
AccvLBR (S'), vr. to betake oneself to a comer 

or place to prevent being attacked from behind, 
AccuMuLAnoN, gf, accumulation, heaping up. 
AccvMVLER, va. to accumulate, to heap up. 
AccuMULEB (S'), vr. to accumi^te, to increase* 
AccvsABLB, adj, accusable, impeachable. 

ACCUBATEUR, 5111.1 • i.. 

Accv5AT».cE. rf. |«"«e««<»^ « "^»"- 

Ac^cusATip, im. the accusative case. 

Acf:usATioN, tf> accusation, impeachment. 

AccDsA, tm. 1 the accused, the culprit, thepri* ' 

AccusiB, rf. J soner at the bar. 

Accuser, va. to accuse, to indite, to impeach. 
Aeeusor reception d*un£ leUre, (evm.) to ac- 
knowledge the receipt of a letter. Accuter 
sonjeu, to call one's game. 

AcBNs, itn. Ou***) * tinned esteto. 

AcENSBMBNT, Mt. giviug OT letting out to farm* 

AcENSER, va. to grant a lease, to nmn. 

AcipRALE, a4j» acephalous, without a head. 

Acj&RAiN, at(j. steely, of steel. 

AcBRBB, a4;. acerb, sour, sharp, harsh, rough. 

AcBRBiTi, ff, acerbity, sourness : severity. 

AcAbb, a4j' sharp-edged, keen, acute. 

Ac^RBR, va. to steel, to temper iron with steel. 

AcBSCEVSE, tf, acescency, sourness, acidity. 

AcEsczxT, adj. acescent, tending to sourness. 

Ac^TEUz, adj. acetous, acetose, sour, sharp. 

AcBALANOER, va. to procure customers. 

AcH A LANDER (S*), vT. to get customcrs. 

AcHARNEMENT, tm. animosity, rage, fiiry. 

AcHARNEB, va, to sct on, to provoke, to 
enrage. 

AcHARNER (S*), vr. to be obstinately bent 
against, to fall upon with fury. 

Achat, sm, a purchase : the thing purchased. 

AcHB, tf, (an herb) smallage, water-parsley. 

AcRBEs, tf. pi. lob-wonns : bait. 

AcuEMiNBMENT, tm, B Step towards a thing : the 
means to bring it about. 

AcHEHiNER, va. to sot forward, to forward. 

AcHBMiNiR (S*), vr. to set out, to go forwaxd« 

AcHETBR, va. to buy, to purchase. 

ACHETEUR, tm, X, v„„^. . .*«— k— • 

A ^ ff^ buyer, a puronaser. 

ACIIETEUSB, tf.j J ' r 

AcuAvEMENT, tm, the finishing, completing, or 

perfecting of a thing. 
AcHEVER, va. to finish, to end, to accomplish : 

to complete, to perfect : to ruin, to destroy; 

to put to death. 
AchillAb, tf, (a plant) ragwort. 
AcnoppEMENT, tm. (piEBRB !>*) R stumbliug* 

block, an obstacle, a rub. 
AcuoBBs, tm, pi, (aditorder) achore, the thrush. 
AcuROMATiQUE, odj, aohromatic, colourless. 
AciDB, tm. the acid, any acid substance, any 

thing sour. 
AcioE, adj. acid, sour, sharp. 
AciDiABLB, adj, that may turn acid* 
AcidipAre, adj, acidiferous. 
AciDiPiABLE^ adj, acidifiable. 
AciDipiANT, odf . that which constitutes an acid* 
AciPJFiCATioNi sf. acidification, 



AGT 

AcTPxrisft^ va, to acidify, to make acid. 
Aclbiri, if. aciditj, acid^eaa, soumeaa, fihaip- 
ness to the taste. 

ActDULE, adj, aciduloiiB, sourish. 
AciDULER.va.to acidulate, to tinge with an acid, 

to make sour. 
AciER, sm. steel : a swordi a dagger. Acierfac- 
ilce, blistered steel. 

AciRRiE, sf, a 0teel monulactory-i a work-siiop 
where steel is made. 

Acolyte, tm, an acolyte ; (/am.) a constant at- 
tendant. 

AcoNiT, tm. (apiont) accmito', woirs-bane. 

Aco^ciNANT, adj. (jam,) allorittg, attracting. 

AccQuiVER, va. (Jdm») to entice, to allure, to 
rmake laaj. 

AcoQuiNfiR(S'), or. togrowlazTiidieor sluggish. 

AcousTiQVE, $f, acoustics, the theory of sounds. 

AcoustiQUE, adj. . acoustic, that relates to 
the sense of hearing. 

AcQuxREUR, tm. a purchaser, a buyer. 

AcQciRXR, va, to acquire, to get, to purchasei 
to buy. 

AcQuiaiR CS*), vr. to gain, to g^t. 

AcQuiT, m. (Jwr,) accmeat, acquist, acquisi- 
tion, purchase : (fam^ profit, ^irantage. 

AcQuiTER^ va. (Jur.) to purchase. 

AcQXTiEscEMENTjCm. acquiesconce, compliance : 
oonsent, approbation. 

AcQuiEscER, vn. to acquiesce, to comply, to con- 
seht, to rest in, to be satisfied with. 

Acquis, sn^ acquirement, knowledge. Tl a a* 
VMquis, oe is a clerer man, he has great 
knbwledge. 

AcQu isiTiov , $f, ah acquisition, a purchase ; the 
thing purchased, 

AcQuxr,nR.anacquitbhce, areceipt, adischarge. 
Acquit a caution, a pennit, a cocket. Acquit 
iat bUliardt) the lead. Donner Vacquit, to 
lead. Par maniert d'acquit, adv. exp. negli- 
gently. 

AcQuiTTEMENt,sm. (fl n«o word) discharge, pay- 
ment. A Vacquittement de met dettietf to the 
discharge of iny debte. 

AcQviTTER, va. to acquit, to discbarge, to piay. 

AcQuiTTER (S*), vr. to pay off, to clear. S*ac» 
quitter de tet devoirt, to fulfil one's duty. 

Acre, tf. Kti acre. Quinse acret, an oxgang. tin 
quart d*acre, a rood. 

AcRs,a4;' AOrid, ahaiqp, bitter, sonr : blunt, I'ough. 

AcRExi, tf. acrity, acritude. Sharpness, sour- 
ifess, acerbity. 

AcRiMONiB, ff. acrimony, sharptae«8, sererit^. 

AcRTHOKiEux, adj. acrimouious, afbou'ndmg 
^th acrimony. 

Acrobats, tm, a rope-daxK:er' (among the ab- 
cients). 

AcadsticHB, tm. ac)rostic, apiece of poietxy, each 
▼erse of which begins with a letter of the 
persdn tfr thi)ag Which is the subject of !l. h 
a abto elective. 

AcitOT^liE's, tm. pi! (arch.) icfK>ters or acro^erht, 
small pedestals, 

AcTB, tm. an act, a!n action, a deed : a register, 
a certificate : an instrument i^ law. Act* de 
eom^die, an act of a play. Actet publict, pt, 
records, public registers. 

AvTKvit, tm. «ft actor, a inage-plafer, 
6 



Am 

AcTir, adj* actire« dilicent, qviek,. BifliUet 

Dettet activet, crediU, deDta due to us. 
Action , rf. an action, an operation : an action or 

suit atiaw : a fight, a batUe : a gesture : a share 

in a stock. Let actiotu d$ la hanque, bankstock* 

Let actiont haittent ou hauttentt the stocks rise 

or faU. 
Actionnairx, jm. a shareholder, a stockholder* 
AcTioNivER, va. to sue at law, to bring an actioa 

against. 
AcTivEMEirr, adv. actively, busily, nimbly. 
AcTiYEB, va. (a new word) to actiTRte» to pat 

in motion, to stir up. 
AcTiviri, tf. activity, expedittoiai : quickness^ 

yivacity. Activite d'etpritt activity of iniind» 
AcTRicB, tf. an actress. 
AcTUEL, adj. actual, true, real* 
AcTUELLEMBKT, odv, Bctually, reuly, now, ai 

thia time. 
AcuiTi, tf. acuity, acuteness, sharpness. 
AcuxiNi, a4j» (hot*) acuminated) ahairp-pbiiitedk 
AcvTANGLB, oaj. Bcuteaugled. 
AcuTANouLAiBE, o^. acutangufiun. 
Adage, tm, an adage, a proverb. 
Adagio, a<Io. (muj.) adagio, slowly. 
Adamant, tm. aaamant, the diamond, neioaa- 

stone, a stone of impenetrable hardness. 
Ad AMANTiN, a<{;. adamantine, adamantoan^ made 

of adamant, hard as adamant. 
Adamites^ tm.vl. (a tect) Adamites. 
Ad APTATTON,i/. adaptation, adapting, ihe fitneai 

of one thing to another. 
Adapter, va. to adt^it, io appropriate, to ap|>lyi 

to fit 
Addition, tf. an addition, ah adjnhictio)! : m- 

ditament. 
Additioni«el, aJtj. additional, that is iidded. 
Additionmbr, va, to make an additioh, to cuit 

Addccteur, tm, (onat.) an adductor, anadduoefeiJt 

muscle. 
Adduction, tf. (anat.) adduction. 
Ademption, tf, (Jur.) ademption, taking away^ 

privation. 
Ad&nooraphib, ^. (anat.) adeno)^n4>hy, m 

treatise on the glands. 
Ad&notomib, tf. lanat.) adenotdmy, t d i s aoe - 

tion of ^e glanos, 
Adbpte, tm, an adept. 
Ad^.quat, adjj. adequate, cohiptete, perfect. 
Adherence, if. adherence, adhesion. 
ADHiRENT, tm. anndherent, 4 followef. 
AoniRENT, 04;. adherent : sticking. 
AD&iREB, vn. to Kd^ei^, to stick to, tb WW 

pa^, to side with. 
ADHistbN, ^. adhesieh. assent, consent. ^^ 
Ad honores, ddv, (tat.) conf^tHng honour Wtw* 

out gain, 
Adiante, tm. '(a plant) telddMi-hah*. 
Ad^eu, tm. parting, MreXi^ell, feav«, IWa m 

adieus, 'to tdce leave of dfere. 
Adieu, adv. adiefa, tkrewell. 
AntPEuk, a^. adipous, ftt. 
Adjacent, ddj. adjacent, ceDtigaoOB 'f6, W- 

deririg upon. 
Adjbctiok, tf. adjection. 
Adjbctip, tm, (gr.) ah adjective. 
ADiBCTivBicBNT, «4v. adjectiwiy. 



ADO 

AMommft« ««. toadjoin, to joia to or withi to 

gire am adjunct, a coll«^e, 
Abjoint, sm. an aaaistant, a coUMgtt«» ft joint 



AjuoMCTioM, ^» (Jwr,) adjonctioB. 
AojuDANT, tm, an adjutant : an aasistant. 
AsjuDxcATAiRE, Ml. Ott***) ^® highest bidder. 
AjMrDicATKUB, fM. an adjudicator. 
AiMvoicATir, 4m(/. adjudicating, adjudging. 
AojunicATiov, $f» a(yudication> adjudging. 
AAjvoiB,os,to adjudge, to abjudicate, to award. 
AojuBATioN, jf. adiuration, adjuripg. 
AoiUBKB, m. to adjure, to charge eameatly : to 

mmmtm. Jt twtt •^P'^ *^^^^' ^ munmon 
you to aay. 

Admittkb, m. to adnut, to allow of: to ap- 
pioTe, to acknowledge. 

ADMnncuLE, am. an adniinicle, a help, a support. 

AoHiHisTB ATsu B, siB»an administrator, a guard- 
ian, a manager. ■ 

AnMiKisTBAiir, e4/« tdnisiatrfttiFe, that whiah 
adaunistera. 

AoBivuTBATxoiT, {f» adoiiniBtratiMif Bianage- 
ment, coadnct: the gorenuaent (eoUsetiv^ly), 
those to whom the oave of public ftiaiit is 



Aduxnistbatiyucxnt, mdv* adadnistrativeljr. 
Aaauiisi^ATBicB, tf, an administratrix. 
AoMiviBTBBB, va, to administer, to gorem. 

Aimmhtr BT ta juUiMt to distribute justice : 

JLimitdttrtr In $atrmmtiUip to dispense sacra- 

menta : Admmittrw du pnuvet, to produee 

proois. 
AaaiBABLB, sdf» admiraMe marFellous, won- 

dafiil : rare, exoeUeot : (tr^ii.) Vraunent vout 

itmadmirMt, jina are apretty leUow, indeed ! 
ADHiBABLBMsm-y ad». admirably, woaderfiiUy. 
AnniBATBvn* cBi.aa adnunn'. La vertu tuU te 

fatter ^adanrmUwrtf yirtae needs noadmifeis. 
AaaimAnr* m^. admiialive, admiring. 
Aamibatiov, Bdmirationf wonder, wondering. 
Vn pnnl ^ndatinUiou, a point of admiration. 
ADUBArBicB,^. she who admires, sa admirer. 
Adhibeb, va. to adniire, to wonder: (iron.) 

J*adwur0 ja mwipiieit^, I lore his ingenuity. 
AoHisstBLB^ a^/.admissible,^ allowable, 
AnMisuMUTi, sm. admissUulity. the ouali^ 

at beiBg admitted. 
Anxiasiox, tf. admisaioB^ admittance. 
AnMoaiTBK, sa. (Jtur,) to admonish, to wan^ 

to reprimand. 
Admositbub, sm, a aoonitor* an admonisher. 
AsHONiTxoN, tf. an admonition, an advice, a 

waniing, a getttle reproof. 
Adolxscbv CB, sf. X^yigB^aci to maUt <m2y)ado- 

leseaneewadolesoency, puberty. 
Aaolbsceitt, am. a young man, .a youth. C'stt 

it^jttum tdaletttnt, he is a young fool. 
AooLcscBiTTE, {^. a yontig vnman. Cut mm 

jnm ndtltMmte^ sihe is a young pruda. 
ADOLBscBin'* e^ adolescent, yooiig. 
AnoBis^Muan Adonia, aspark, abeau : {afiower) 

^ pheasant'j eye. 
A&oxtsBn, fis. to drees, to make £ne, to adozn. 
AftovuBB (S'), vr. to diaen oneself. 
AooBSBB (S')« m^ to give oneself up to, to 

iddict er qpply ^oneself to. S^aaonnfr 4 
fAade, to pro one*! loiod to study. 
7 



ADV 

Adoptablb, adj, that may bo idoptod* 
Adopter, jm, to adopt : to approve, 
AnopTiF, adj, adoptive, not native. 
Adoption, tf* adoption, admission* 
Adorable, adj. adorable, divine, 

admirer, CW un d« isi piar^tfvrst h# it 

one of her admirers. 
Adoration, sf\ adoration^ worslitp, ^ 
Adprbii, fw.toadore, to worship : to doto«po|i« 
AD08,jm. a shelving bed, a border «gainiit ft wftU« 
AoossBMBVTf M»» bftcking, 
Adosser, va. to set back to back i lo plftM W 

build against. 
Adobser (S'), vr. to lean one's baekftgftiati* 
Apoubbb, ee. (laar.) to lepair ft ship. 
Adoubbb, vb, (at ektm) to sot s pawn right, 
Adoucib, w. to sweeten, to soften, to mitigati« 

to alleviate : to mend : to appsftSi , lo oalm, 

to allay. 
Adovcib (S'), vr. to hMmm Mroeti to BoH mti 

to relent, to cool. 
A00VCI8SANT, sm. ft loattirov ft palU#tifet m 

expedient. _ 
Adoucissant, (]My.) emoUienti Bsitigfttiiigv . 
ADovcfssBMBNT, HB, softeftingf fweeteniag: ftl* 

leviation, assuagement, mitigation, ftllay« 
AooocissEyB, Ml, (art,) a poUi^er iiiflmmu 
Ad PATRE9, jailer) (^.) to die, to expire. 
Ad ben, (riftondn) (iat,) to ftsswor Mfv 

goricelly, to give a positive an^er, 
Aooui^ aty* (««7i.) coupled (quaking rfHrdt)t 
Adragant, nu, (a gum) gnmdragon. 
Adresse, tf. an address, a direction: a deitina^ 

tioQ ; an address, a petition : dexteri^, skilly 

ability: artifice, cunning. Jmi 4*w*tt$9 a 

gameofftkMl» J^raai*d'adiritMf,adijeetory^ 
Adrbssbb, va. to ftddresft, to direct; to msA 

to : to dedicate. 
ADREssan« tm. to hit the mark* 
^Adebssbr (£'), vr. to address opeself, to remir 

or apply to, to be directed. Vout vouf adrt$tez 

tnal, you mifft^ke your man* 
AoatATutuE, (1ft Q^r) or L'AoaiATMu^, tf. th? 

Adriatic aea. 
Adroit, adj. dextrous, ingenions, iadwftt^ii^ : 

ekiJful; 4dy, shrewd. 
ADROiTBaf BUT, adv. dexterously, skilfully, 
AovLAtaoB, cm. an adulator, ft ^tteiȣ. 
Adulation, tf. adulation, flattery. 
Adulatrice, rfs an adnlatreas, a flatterer. 
Aduler, va. to adulate, to flatter, to fltwn, 
Advlt^ , «^'^ and t. adnlt, a grown-up person* 
ADux.TiaATio^, tf, adnlteratiim, detarioyitti/Dn. 
Adult1iie> jib. and /. adulter : «n adulterer : 

an adulteress. 
AdultAre a^, iadulterous. Femme fiMthOf 

an adulterftss, an adulterous woman. 
Adultbaer, (0^ to adulterate, to mix, to ftlsify. 
Adulteriv, ,04/, adultej:iae, bom of ftj^ ftdul^ 

treas: spuzioua, 
Aduste, a4i^ (p^y-) ftdi»t» burnt lip, ftCKurched, 
^dustxon, tf, (jphjf.) aduation, burning np sr 

drying. 
Aov&NTicEt 4u{;. adventitious, accidcKLtal. 
1 Adventif, adj. adventive, adventitious^ CftS.al* 
) Aovj^RBs, tm^ (ffr.) an adv«ib,. 



AFP 

Adtbemal« adj. AdTexirial. 
'Adybrbialement, adv. adTerbiBllj* 
Adverbialxt^, tf. adreTbitlity. 
Advbbsaikb, <m. aa adTenuy, an antagonist, 

an opponent. 
Advui8ai&b, a4/* ftdTorse, hostile. 
Advbrsatif, a4/- adyersatiye. Comonetion ad' 

■ vertatwe, an adTenatiye conjunction. 
Advbbsb, a4;- adrerae, contrary, Pariie ad- 

veii^, the adyerae party. 
AdvsrsitA, jf. adyeraity, diatreaa, miaery. 
AnyBBsxTifl, pi. miafortnnes. 
AnvERTENCB, tf. (obt.) adyertence, adyerteney, 

attention to. • 
Adynamib, tf. (pftjf.)adynamy, weaknesscanaed 

by the diaeaae. 
Aini, od/. airy, well-aired. Motion de eampagne 

kien airitt a country-hoaae aitnated in fine air. 
AArer, va. to air, to giye air, to driye the nn- 

wholesome air. 
AiRiBN, ad^. aerial, ethereal: high, eleyated. 
AAripormb, adj. aeriform, resembling the air, 

baying the properties of air. 
•AinoGRAPBiB, aexography, the description of 

the air. 
A&ROLOoiB, if. aerology, the doctrine of the air. 
A&ROMANciE, tf, aeromancy, the art of diyin- 

ing by the air. 
AinoMiTRE, «m. an aerometer, a machine for 

weighing the air. 
AiROMiTRiE, tf, aerometiy, the art of measur- 
ing the air. 
AinoKAUTB, <m. an aeronaut, one who sails 

through the air in a balloon. 
.AEROSTAT, tm. an air-balloon. 
Abrostatiqub, a^, aerostatic, relating to aerial 

nayigation, 
JBrtnm{affrt^oa»ttoiui), »tites,the eagle stone. 
ApFABiLiTi* rf. afiability, courteousness. 
Affable, adj. aflkble, courteous. 
Affablement, adv. aJkbly, courteously. 
AFFABtJLATxoN, tf. afittbulation, the moral of 

a fable. 
Apfadir, va, to make insipid cr nauseous. 
Affadissement, tm, insipidity, nauseousness.- 
Affaiblir, va. to enfeeble, to weaken, to ener- 

▼Rte, to debilitate. 
Affaiblir (S'), vr, to debase, to grow weak. 
Afpaxblzssant, adj. weakening, debilitating. 
Affaxblissemeht, tm. diminution of strengthi of 

yigour, of aetiyitT, weakness, debility. 
Affaire, {f. an amur, a business, a matter, a 
• concern : a dispute,, a quarrel : an action, 

a fight: a scrape, trouble. Une affaire d'hon- 

fMur, an affidr of honour, a duel. Une affaire 

d^intiriti a money-concern. Unt affaire ur- 

gerUe, a pressing affair. C*ett num affaire, 

leaye that to me. Avoir affaire de, to stand in 

need of. Faire affatre, to conclude a bargain. 

Avoir affaireitquettiu'un, to haye to do with one. 
Affair^, adj. very busy, full of business. 
AFPAissRMEirr, tm, the giyiuff wa^ under too 

great a weight : weakness, debility. 
Affaisser, va. and n. to press or weigh down, to 

sink, to cause to sink. 
Apfaisser (S*), vr. to sink under too great a 

weight. 
Affaitee, vOf (ven.) to ttt&ei to train a hawk. 
8 



AFP 



Afp4lA, ad/, (mar.) wind-bound, embayed. 

Affaler, va, (mar,) to lower, to bring down, 
to oyerhaul. 

Affamb, part, and adj. staryed, faauahtd: 
greedy, coyetous, yehemently desiroos. 

Afpamerj va, to famish, to starye. 

Afp&agem ENT, tm, a leasehold. 

AppiAOER, va, to giye in leasehold. 

ArFECTATioN,(/'. affectatiou : claim, pretension. 

Affect^, p. and adj, affected, full of affecta- 
tion : pretended, feigned : touched, moved : 
destined to, appropriate for, mortgaged. 

Appecteb , va. to affect, to endeayour to appear : 
to appropriate, to destine to: to haye a 
liking, a predilection for : to coyet, to hanker 
after : to touch, to move : to mortgage. 

Afpecter (S'),vr.to be affected, to take to heart. 

Afpectif, adj. afiectiye : patiietio. 

Affection, "tf. affection, loye, seal, deyotion : 
a desire ot, a passion for. 

AffectionhA, 04/. affectionate, loying: wann» 
sealous, devoted. 

Affectionn&ment, adv. (ofr<.) affeettonatelr* 

Affbctiovmer, va. to love, to like, to be fond 
of, to have an affection for. 

Appectionner (S'), vr. to take an affection for, 
to be very fond of, to delight in. 

AppECTuEusEHEyT, odv. effectiouately, kindly, 
with affection. 

Afpectueux, adj. affectionate, full of affection, 
kind. ( Un tourire affectuetut, a kind smile. 

Afpermer, va, to fkrm, to lease, to let or take 
upon lease. 

Afpermir, va. to strengthen, to corroborate, 
to confirm, to consolidate. 

Afpermir (S*), vr. to be strengthened or cor- 
roborated : to be confirmed in. 

Appermissekent, tm, finnness, strength, stabi- 
lity, consoUdatioo, confirmation. 

Affetb, adj, ftiU of affectation. It is also substan- 
tive. r/^n«p0ttt«a^«t^, a littleaffected creature. 

Appi^TERiE. tf. riiuculous affectation. 

Appettuoso, (ItaL) adv. (mut.) afiettuoso, con 
affetto, tenderly. 

Affiche, tf, a bill or paper posted up. Affiehe 
de com^die, a play-bill, a bill of the play. 

Afftchbr, va. to post up, to divulge, to publish. 
AfficKer U bel etprit, to set up for a wit. 4^* 
eher ta honte, to expose oae s shame. 

AppicnER (S*), vr. to make oneself ridiculous, 
to observe no sort of decency. 

Apfichevr, tm, a bill-sticker. 

Affide, tm, 1 . 4.«..^« ««««A« 

AppidA, atfj, trusty, faithful. 
Appiler, va, to set, to sharpen, to whet. 
Apfilevr, tm, a grinder, a setter. 
Affiliation, tf, affiliation, admittance into a 

oommunity or society, adoption. 
Appilibr, va, to affiliate, to admit, to adopt. 
Appiloir, tm. a whetstone : nippers. 
Appinage, or Appinbment, tm, aiBnage, the 

refining of metals by the cuppel. 
Affinbr, va, to fine, to refine, to purify : (nurr.) 

to clear up. 
Affiner (S ), vr. to get refined, to improve. 
Appinerib, tf, a finexy, a forge at iron-woiks* 
Af FXN£UB, Ml. a refiner : a purifier. 



AFF 

ArmfiTK, ^jatttaiij, rdatioato, eomMxion with. 
AinvoiR, MM* m refiaui^ eomb, a httehat to 

waki$ hasp finsr. 
A/nQvm, tm. m ease for knittiiig neadles. 
ArnQUETs, fL (tnm.) women's dressing to^ 

•rfineiy. 
ArnsM ATip, a^j, afirmatiTe, positire. 
ArrimATiov, t^. ai&nnation, affirming bj oath 

IB a eout of justice. 
ArniM ATivB, tf, the afiimatiTe, what contains 

•n slimstioa. 
ArriBMATivsMKNT, sifo. affimativety, inan af- 

inaadre manner. 
ArnzE, mdj, affixed, tied to the end. 
ArriBMBR, to. to affirm, to declare, to arow, to 

ittast on oath, to bear witness to. 
ArrLzuBAOB, nn. (with baktn) good rising. 
Ar7LBUBBB, oo. (oTcA.) to loTel. 
AirLicnoN, rf, affliction, sorrow, grief, grier- 

mee : calamity, dSstMss. 
A/Pucnr, mdJ. pensl, corporal. It is only used 

with pciM, Bs : Une piitu affltetive, a corporal 

pmushment ordered by a court. 
Af ruosAKT, aty. afflicting, afflictire, grievous, 

pBtnfiiL 
ApruoEB.co. to afflict, to griere : to ruin, to de- 

■ohte, to destroy. 
ArruoER(S'),i7r. to grioTe, to soirow, to mourn. 
ArrLUBBCB, if, affluence, sffluency, abundance, 

picaty : a eoneourse of people. 
AfFLcnrr, adj. (iaid of a river), flowing, fall- 
ing or running into. 
Affu'sb, vn, to run into, to abound, to resort 

ia ibuHlanee, to be in great plen^. 
ArroLBB, M. (Jam.) to make one extremely 

food of, to make one dote upon. ' 
ArroLBB (S'), vr. to dote upon a person or thing. 
ArroBAOB, tm, a duty formerly paid to a lord 

for a lieanse to sell wine. 
AtroBBB, or Atfbvbbb, va, (obi,) to sssise the 

price. 
ArrocAGB, tm* the right to cut wood in a forest. 
ArrovacHBB, va. (nar.) to moor across. 
ArrocBCHB, s^.(anere d') sn anchor to moor. 
ArrouBBAOBHUiTy tm. foddering, giring food 

to cattle. 
ArroDBBAOBB, M. to feed or fodder cattle. 
ArrKAsrcHi, im. a freedman. 
ArrsAscHiB, tf, a freedwoman. 
ArriAiccHiB, va» to enfranchise, to set free, to 

froe, to exempt or rid from. Affranchir uns 

hetrr, to frank a letter : (mar,) to free from 

Iter, to pump dry. 
AiTKABCHiB (S*), vr, to eet f^, to get off 

Aae, to free or rid oneself from. 
ArriAvciiiMBMBKT, tm, enfranchisement, re- 

Isue from prison or slsrery : exemption, 

prifilege, immunity : frsnldng. 
Arrsu, i!f,pi. (Utttented) great fright, pangs, 

>9oai«s. Let affrtt dt la mart, the agonies of 

dsith. 
ArpiiTzxB]rr,Mi.(Mar.)thefreightingofaship. 
^rriiriB, m. (mar,) to freight a ship. 
ArrtiTBiiB, tm, (mar,) a freighter, he who 

^"Bights or hires a Teasel. 

AnuirsuiBiiT, adv. frightfolly. dreadfully. 

^'Uux.adj. dreadful, frightful, horrible : ex- 
<*»My ngly : ihockisgi atrocious, 

w 



AGO 

AmtANDSB, vs. to use to dainties : to allure : 
to excite, to decoy. 

ArFBicHBB, v». to leare untilled. 

Aptbiolbb, va, (Jam,) to allure, to decoy by 
foe words or promises. 

ArraoNT, tm, an affront, a contumely, an insult, 
. an outrage : a disgrace, an indignity. 

AppBOKTBR, va. to affront, to encounter, to at- 
tack, to brare : (cbt,) to cheat, to eosen. 

ApFRONTBBiE, tf, (o6s.) choBtiog, ooBeuii^. 

Affboktevb, tm, i v * • 

Apfbontbusb., if, ] • ""^^^ •" tmpoator, 

AFrvBLBMBNT^ tm, (troii.) a muffler, a reilj * 
gown, a cloak, a raiment. 

Apfublbb, va, (fam,) to muflle up, to dress in 
a ridiculous manner. 

Apfusiov, tf, (fhy,) affusion, the act of pour- 
ing one liquor upon another. 

Aff^t, tm, (art.) the carriage or frame of a 
- piece of ordnance : a place where a hunter 
stands upon the watch. £^s a Vaffut, to be 
upon the catch. 

Aff^taob, fm. the grinding of tools : the mount- 
ing of a piece of ordnance : a complete set of 
tools. 

ArrtTBa, va, tojnount a cannon, to level a piece 
of ordnance : to set or sharpen tools, to pro- 
vide with tools. 

Afik, eonj, to, in order to, in order thaL 

Afistoleb, va, (fam,) to adorn, to trim up. > 

Aga, jm. an aga, a Turkish officer. 

AoAfANT, adj. enticing, alluring, inciting. 

AcACB or AoABSE, if, (a bird) a name given 
to the magpie. 

Ao ACSMXKT, Ml. the setting of the teeth on edge. 

Agacbb, va, to set the teeth on edee : to pro- 
Toke, to excite : to allure, to entice. 

Agacbbib, tf, incitement, allurement, encou- 
lagement: ogling. 

Ao APBs, tf, pi, love-feasts (among the primitive 
Christians). 

AoABic, tm, (bot.) agaric, a sort of mushroom* 

Agatb, if. (a jfreeioui itono) an agate. 

Agatis. tm, (jur,) damage caused by cattle. 

Age, tm, age, years, time, days : an age. Bat 
igt, infancy. Ag$ dt jmbSrt^, marriageable 
years. Age viril, manhood. La fteurde T^gv, 
the prime of life. Quel &ge aveZ'Voui ? How old 

^ are you 1 

Aoi, adj. aged, old, elderly. 

AoBNCB, tf, agency, the oAce of an agent. 

Agbvcembnt, im, order, arrangement. 

AoBNCBB, va, (fam,) to dress, to set in order» 
to fit up. 

Aoemceb (S'), to rig or trim oneself. 

Ag en d a ,0ii.a memorandum-book^ pocket-book. 

Agbmouillee (S*) , vr, to kneel, to kneel down, 

Agenovilloir, im, a hassock. 

Ag bnt, nn. an agent, a factor. Agent de ckange, 
an exchange-broker, a bill-broker, a stock* 
broker. 

AgolomAbation, tf, agglomeration, heap. 

AoGLOMiRER (S*), vr, to agglomerate, to gather 
together^ to grow into one mass. 

Agglvtimant, a^, (p^y*) agglutinant. uniting 
parts together. 

AoGLUTkNATiF, odj, sgglutinatiye, having the 
power of agglutination* 



AGR 

AoGLVTiKtt, va.(]ifcy.) to agg^latinate, toimite 

0110 {mrt to another. 
AoGBAVANT, o^, •ggniTiitiiig, proToldng, 
Aggravation, if* aggnTation, prorooatioii* 
AgoeAtbr, m. to aggrarate, to mako worae* 
AoiLB, my. agile, nimble, quiek, teadj. 
AotLBMBiiiT, ado. mmblj, quieklTi readily. ^ 
AgilitA, tf, agility, activity, nimbleneaa, quick* 

Heta, gpeed, readineaa. 
Agio, im. (earn.) agio, a ditference between 

mercantile paper and ennent money, 
AoioraoB, mm. etoek-jobbing. 
AoioTBB, «fi« to job, to atook-Job, to gamble in 

th6 atodEi or ninda. 
AoioTBUB, fm» a atock-jobber. 
AoiB,ta. to act, to do, to deal: to aet in a 

court of juatice. £a agir, to act, to bebare. 

li^gtimit en roi, bebebaved as a king. S'ogir 

de, V. imp. Dt qu&i t*agU'U7 what 'a the matter 1 

It I'eftt di Vhimneur, d» la vit, honour, life ia 

itt attuEe. It t*agit ie^ the question iSk 
AousANT, aJfj. aetire, efficacious, stirring. 
AoiTATBVB, Ml. BU BgitBtor, B perturbator* • 

Ibm^ntor of troublea. 
AorrATioit, sf. agitation, busy life : trouble of 

mind, emotion, commotion. 
AiOrtBn, M. to agitate, to more, to stir : to make 

uneasy, to disturb, to disquiet : to disorder, 

to combund* A^Ur um jvattum, to debate 

a queation. 
AotrtB fS*), er. to stir, to main oneaelf uneaayj 

to be aebflfted, discussed or detiberated. 
AoHAT, MB. (/lif*-) AgiMite, collateral, allied to> 

akin ftom Oie nther; 
AovATiov, if. agnation^ alliaiioe» eonnectioiu 
AoNAint^vA. 4k(^. agnatic. 
AoMBAv, im, a hmb : » g ood-Umpilved per- 
son* 
AttftKLtfft, «a. to ewA, to yean. 
AoNBLBT, MB, (obt.) B lambkin, 
AaKBLiUB. if. lamb'a-wooL 
Ao visy if. a raw young girl : a aimpleton. 
AdirvB-CAliTVS, MB. (a Arvb) agnut-castus. 
AoNvs pBi, MB. (tat.) an Agnus, (a prayer 

among Catbotics,) a relic, a religious toy. 
AtiONtB, ff. agoby, the last gasp of Ufa : g|eat 

anguish, eicesATe grieU £tr9 a Ft^onks to 

be at the point of dMth. 
ABoirtsAin>, a^. dying, at the last gaap. 
AooNitBB, vn. {pop.) to feel agoniea, to be st 

the point of deadu 
AooKTsnovB, od;. i^nistic, agonisticd. 
AoBAPB, MB. B clasp, a hasp, a locket. 
AsBAnii, tti. tcrdaup, to hasp, to fasten widi 

a clasp. 
AoBAiBB, cdj. agraiiali. La ki t^grairt, the 

ngrarianlaw. 
AoBBKniB, ctt. to BggrandiBe, to enlarp, to 

inoiease: to rtdse, to promote, to exut : to 

4DiHfii^r^, to ^xaflXMrate. 
Aguxvotb (IS*), «f. to grow in slse : to add to 

one's proper^ or power, to grow rich. 
AoRinnitsBKiiRrT, mb. aggtandisement, In- 

CTBBse, etdargoMenft : promotion, preferment. 
AoniABLB, a^. agreeable, pleasant, pleasing, 

•eceptsMe. It u lAso used substmtive^. 

Jomdre VutiU a Vagr^ahkf to eooliine ptofit 

*wiw prasfiite* 
10 



AoAitAnvMSKT, 0dv. agreeably, nenily, in » 

pleasing manner. 
AoRisR, M. to accept of, to receive kindly : to 
like, to i^rove oft to allow, to suffer: 

(sisr.) to ng a ship. 
AcRiBR, vn. to olease, to be agreeable or ac- 
ceptable to, to be liked. 
Ag bbbur, MB. (sMr.) a ship-rigger. 
AoEJBOAT, MM. Bu aggregate, the result of the 

coignnction of many particuUra. 
Agrbo&tion, ff. aggregation, admission into a 

society: collection, aggregate. 
AoRioft, MB. a aubttitute. 
AoRioBR, OB. to aggregate, to accumulate: to 

admit into a society. 
Agrbmbmt, MB. grace, oomeliness : sjpprobation, 

consent, assent: pleasure, satiafaction, delight. 

Agr^mentt, p<. ornaments of dress, gnoefid 

acceaaories in music or dancing. 
AoRis, MB. pi. (mar.) tl>e rigging of a ahip. 
Ao BEsexuB, MB. Bu aggrossor, he who finit eon* 

mencea a quarrel or hostiiity. 
Agbbsbion, ^. aggression, the first attack, the 

first act of injunr. 
AoBBSTft, ad/, wild, rustic, agrestic, agnstical 

0r agreatiiil : rude, ill-bred,- uncouth. 
Agricolx, a^n given to agriculture. 
AoBicuLTXuB, MR. Bu Bgiicultor, B huabandma». 
Agbtcultubb, if. agrioulture, the art of culti- 
vating the ground. 
AoBiB, |f. (• difNiM) a Corrosive tetten 
Agrifver (S'), «r. (pop.) tocUng&st, to gripo 

or catch at, to lay hold ct 
AoBiMiKUTs, MB. B trisBnu^g-msker. 
Ag BiopB AGE, Mn.one who lives upon wild beastt« 
Agrimoinb, sf, (a pUnt) agrimony. 
AoBioTB* ^. (hot.) a kind en wild cheny. 
Agripaumb, rf, (a plant) motherwort. 
Ao RIPPER, tw. (pop.) to snatch, to giipe at, to 

catch eagerly. 
Agronomb, MB. a writer on hutbandiy, one 

vemed in the theonr of agriculture. 
Agromomix, if. the tueoiy of agriculture. 
Agbonohique, atlj* agvonomioal, relating to the 

tiieoxy of agrJcultuKe. 
Aorouper, va.(paint) to group figurea, to paint 

aeveral of them in a group. 
Agverri, adj. used to war, disciplined. 
Agubrrir, va. to inure to war, to discipline. 
AouEBRiB (S*), vr. to inure oneself to vnur : 

to aecnatom or use oneself to a ihing. 
AovBTS, MB. pi. watch, itre «ux ogueUt or m 

tenir aux agueti, to lie in wait, to iudu • 
An ! tBt.oh ! hah ! alas! 
Ahak, MB. (fam.) hard labour^ pitn, toil. 
ABAvsn, vr. (Jam.) to toil, to work hard. 
AHEURTEMEifT, SIB. stubbomness, obstinacy, 
Areubter (S*), or. tebe obstinate or stabooni. 
Ahi ! int. fiki oh dear ! 
Ahubib, va, to stun, to astound, to amaae. 
Aide, mb. an adjutant, an assistant, a helper.. 

Aido do ossip, an aid-de-camp. ilids-BMi/orw 

an adjutant. 
Aide, {f. aid, help, assistance, soppoet A 

Vaido do, pre. with the assistance of. 
AiDEB, OB. to aid, to help, to assist, to succoue. 



AinxR (S'),to avail oneself, to make use of, 
A!b, Int. ah ! oh ! di 



dear me! 



Ali 

Ajitii mi. « gnDid£it^r» • gnadf ir«. 

Ajiflb, «f. a gnndbnoUier, » gnndiiau 
AiniXt m. pU fiwefatlien, aiicettoi%. 
AiOATSi, w. to wiak in water, td riiiBe* 
Awu, JM» «B Mgle : a man of lupeiiof gealim 

Du ytus ^Mgft, )|>iercuig e yea. 
AiGLB, |f« a aulitnry atandafd of the aacienl 

RMiaas, and of die Froich under Napoleon* 
AiOLoxy Afk aa eaglet, a 3roung e«gle« 
Aicii, i»« Bourneaa, Anting sour. 
Aieas, «4f. ao«r, bitter.^tart, lU-Dkttared: ehar- 

Vwt taix •igrg, a akrill Toice, 
Axoas-o«vx, «4^'. half aweet, htilf aour. 
AicBBPix, Ml. aeanmng felloir, a iharper, 
Ajcaju.IT, acji. (rfiai.) aooiifh, aomewnat aoiuv 
AionEMBHT* md9. aluffplj* rouglilj, aeveie)^. 
Ajobuioikb» ff, (• plant) agrimony. 
AioaBMoaBv jai, pulreriaed ckarooal* 
AiaaKTTE, {f. (mt. hut,) an egret, a heron: a 

a taft of fea^hera, of diamonda, and the like. 
AioaEVE, ^. aoomeaa. aeethitj;, icHmon^ : ill^ 

wOl, il.natiu«, animoaitj: spleen, laneoor. 

Aignmn^ pi. heart-bnming. 
Aioaia, na. X6 meke aour, to unbitte^ : lo u»- 

canaa, to exaaperate. 
Aicai^ (S*}, vr. to tnm 0Oiir» lo Ite ezMfi»> 

nlad. 
Aioir, <4f. aoate, ahetp, aharp-^iiiited : rabHo, 

|ierei]ig s Tiolent« v^emeni, ahrill. 
Ax« V Aos, mh. (mar.) fredi watet*. Faire a^guada^ 

to tike freah water on hoard A ship. 
AiQvt-MARiifSkff. (a pndemM itani) nqna'mari* 

Atctikan, afi an eiB«^ n jug, » hasin. 

AioDi&aia, tf* an ewerfal. - 

AittriLLK, If. a needle, a hodldn : to obeUfthb 
iigittite de codrafi, the hand of a titock. A^itti 
mmnUt, the needle of a aea-compaaa : {nai^ 
li^,) a homheak or hornfiah. i4igutii« ^ itri- 
eMra a fladtting needle. AlgidlU k embatUry 
a peelong Beeaie. Defil «n aigiiiR«, from one 
tnng to anodier, inaenaiblj* 

AicuillAs, ^, a needlefid. 

AicuELLBa, an. to eooch the \Bje, to cnre the 



AiO 

roni, pi. the fina of a iiah» the wings or ladUt 
of a water-mill. 

Ai LLBu RB.adv.elaewhere. D*ai7i*iirt,aifi;. others 
wiae, besides : from another place ar canae. 

AiMAELx, a^% anuable, loTely» agreeable, pic 
iiig, charmiog, delightful. 

Ak^ abl£xxnt, adv. (fSf .) amiably, in an I 
manner. 

Aim ANT, «m. a loadatone, a magnet. 

Aihamt, «4r'. loving, aifeetionate, benerolent* 

AiMANTBR, va. to touch with the loadatonn. 

AkMANTis, a<(/. magnetic, attractiye. 

AiMBR, oa. to lore, to like, to fancy, to he In 
loVe with, to be fond of« Aiaiar mitax, to 
haye rather, to prefer, itiaiar d, to deliffht in, 

AkKB, ff. the groin, the part abore the tnigh*- 

A)n&, Ml. the eldeat aon or brother. 

AInA, adj. older, elder, eldeat, firat-bota* 

AInAb, ^. the eldeat daughter nr sister. 

AtNBSBB, if* eldership, primogenitun. VrtiU 
d\ilMetia, birth-right. 

AiNsi, adv. and eai|^. so, thna, after Uiii man* 
ner. Ainn fut^ eo^j* eyen as, so to. Aind 
M>ft-tl, he St 80, amen* 

Atk, na. dte air. Vn ftan, un ataavatf olr^ a 
good, a bad air, a small gentle wind. 12 »« 
fait pa$ tTair, there is not a hreath of air. Air, 
look, mieta) deportment, resemblance: Un 
aSr de grandeur, an air of grandenr : Un air 
Jte propreti, a tidy look : Avoir Vairgmit to hayo 
a gay look : Parohs en TaiV, id)e words : ^voir 
Vair de, to look as if : & datinar det atr<, to 
affect, to ffiye oneaelf airs. A tune, a aong : 
Shiviit-iwtu ratr de cette ehamon 7 ad yon know 
the tune of that song. En r«tr, adv, ee;p, in 
vain. 

AtRAiK, m. (a SMtal) brass, coppor. Un^ront 
d^avrain, a brazen-nce. Vn eetur d^exrenm, an 
unfeeling bean. 

AiRB, $f, a threshing-floor, an area : a supers 
ficiea : an ayry, the neat of a ha^« 

AibAb, $f, a thra8hing-floorfttl,'a bamfhl* 

AiRBLLB or Myrtille, cf. whortleberry. 

AinBt, vn. (jpeaHdng of W<b rf" prey) to neaL 

Ais, sai* pi. a plank, a Doatd, a staye, a plank. 



AioviLLBTTS, rf. an aigulet. a iiheulder-lmofc < 
asliceof the breast of a dock. AigwOette$,plL 
(swr.) tholaabings of a ehip. 

AiouiLLETTiBB^ 181. ono who tag* Weo. 

AioviLUER, sai. a needle-case : a needlemake^. 

Aicin].LON, jai. the sting of bees, wasps, ani 
of odMr inaecfs : a g(wt, a apor : an incite- 
ment, a stimulus, an incentiye. 

Aioun.ix>'BrKEn, va. to goad : to stimulate, to 
^mron : to instigate, to indite, to ercite. 

AicvisEUBKT, ja». a whetting, a sharpening. 

AiovuBR,na. to whet, to ihcrpee, to quidknn. 
Mgaieer t «pp£tU, to tphet the stomach. 

AiooisBVR, jai. a whett*, one that shatponi. 

Ail, em, (a emimary plant) gSklicV. 

Ana, if. a >iiii^. Aile d'arm^, the ^ning tff ah 
amy. Li$ otUt i'un h&timint, Ihe wings of 
ahdUm^. i,at4H'btd*nii«^gti«, the aisles of 
a chnich. AtZt d*im ehapedu, the brim of a 
hat. Vn lout d'ails, Oie first qniU. 

biA, a^. >ri)%ed, ^f/bit, pennated. 

AiLiaoa, sai, a onatt wing : the pinion. Afle* 
11 



A'lBAvcB, if. ea8e> conyeniehcyiproaperitf, faci» 
U^, comfort. I<et aiMtncet, pi. the pnyr* 

Aik\, <f. ease : quiet, reet. Etre a $on atee, to 
be at ease. Vivre a ton m$e, lo liye comfort* 
abl^. Contentment, satisfaction, joy, plea- 
sure : leisure, time, JltBBt,ease,^nyeniency» 
Comfort. A Vaiie, adv* triih ease, conye- 
niently, comfortably. 

AtBE, adj. glad, joyftil, happy. Se mil hien mei 
de, I am yery glad or yery happy to. 

AibA, adj. easy, not diJB(?ttIt : convenient, cdm- 
modious : comfottable, Wealthy, in easy 4ifx^ 
cntostnnMs : clear, lucid. 

AiSBMEifT, adv. easily, with ease, nadlW. 

AtBB^Li^, em. (arch.) a brace, a cinctn^B. 

AisBBLLE, ef. the armpit, the armhole. 

AiBSETTB, rf. or AxBBBAV, tm. 9JL nBStmuelit 
toed in polisbing wood, a cooper's ads. 

AiTioioois, rf. (^3f.) eiielogy, nn acoovnt of 
the caua«>B of any thing. 

Aiotrai, a^, 'Qter?) pierced. 

AiouRN^MENt, em. (jur.) adjounnnent : enta« 
teons, cfffatian* 



ALC 

AjovBff XBi «a. ia adjooni : to fimttioii, to cite : 

(/ur.) to postpone, to defer, to delajr* 
AiouKKsm (8*), «r. to adjoarn, to be ad- 
journed. 
A jovTAQB, nn. additament : the thing added^ 
Ajovter, va. and n. to add, to join, to subjoin, 
to BtLj what ia not. Ajouierfoi, to giro cre- 
dit, to believe. 
Ajvstack, nn. the adjvating of coins. 
Af VBTEMEMT, tm, adjastmeut : adjusting, order, 
arrangement, attire, garb, dress : making np 
a difference, a reconciling. 
AiusTER, va. to adjust, to frame : to suit, to fit 
up : to trim, to adorn, to embellish : to recon- 
cile, to make friends : to take aim, to point at. 
Ajuster (S'), to agree : to prepare oneself to, to 

attire, to adorn oneself. 
AjustsuR, tm. {mint) an adjuster. 
Ajvbtoir, tm. a scale used to adjust. 
Ajutagb or AiuTOiR, tm, a tube or pipe 

adapted to a water-spout. 
Alambic, tm, an alembic, a still. 
Ai.AMBiQvi,part.anda<(/.tooreflned, far-fetched. 
Alambiquer, va, to distil : to puzsle : to refine 
too much upon. S'alambiquer Petprit or la 
eervelU, vr, to puszle one's brains. 
Alan, mi. a hound (to hwit boan\ 
Alaqve, gf, (arch,) the plinth of^a column. 
Alarqubr^ vn, or S'Alarovbr, vr, (tnar.) to 

bear off, to teke sea- room. 
Alarmant, aJ;. alarming, dreadful. 
Alarms, sf*. an alann, a fright. 
Alarmer, va, to alarm, to call to anns : to gire 

an alarm, to frighten. 
Alarmer (9'),vr.to take alann, tobe frightened. 
Alarmibte, tm, an alarmist, he who excites an 

alarm, he who spreads alarming news. 
Alaterme, tm. (a thrub) cfVergreen, pri?et. 
AlbAtre, tm, (a tort ofmarbU) alabaster. 
Alberge, <f. an alberge, an early peach. 
Alberoi£R, tm. an alberge-tree. 
Albigeois, tm. pi. (a tect) Albigenses. 
Albinos, tm. Albinos, a whitish sort of negro. 
Albiqub, tm. a sort of chalk. 
Albran or Halbran, tm, a joung wild duck. 
Albrener, vn, to shoot wild ducks. 
ALBuoiNior Albuoineux, adj. albugineous. 
Album, tm. (fat.) an album. 
Alcade, tm. Xa judge in Spain) an alcade. 
Alcaiqve, a^, (rers) an alcaic yerse. 
Alcalescent, (phy.) alkalescent, having the 

properties of an alkali. 
Alcali or Alkali, tfii. (chym.) alkali, a mineral 

salt. 
Alcalin, adj. alkaline. 
Alcalisation, tf. alkalization. 
Alcaliser, va. (chym.) to alkslisate, to make 

bodies alkaline. * 

ALCHikiE, rf. (cAvm.) alchymy, the chimerical 

transmutation of metals. 
AxcniMiSTE, tm, an alchjmist. 
Alcohol, tm. (ehym.) alcohol, spirit of wine, 

an impalpable powder. 
Alcoholisation, tf. alcoholization. 
Alcoiioliser, va. to alcoholice, to make an 

alcohol, to reduce into powder. 
Alcoran or Cor an, tm. the alcoran ^ l^oran, 
the book of Mahomet's precepts. 
IS 



ALt 



Aloovi, SIM. m alooTe, a reee« §ot % bed : • 

reoeas in pleasore-grouckb. 
Alcton, mi. (a tea»fnrd) an halo job, the king*' 

fisher, • 

Alctonibvs, nours) tm. pL tiie halcToniaa 

(peaceable) days, cahn. 
Alderman, tm, (FrenehiJUd) an alderman. 
Ale, sf. (Frenchified) ale. 
ALiAToiRE, (jwr.) contingent, aecidentsl. 
ALi^NE, tf, en awl, a pricker. 
AlAore, adj. eheerful, brisk, livelr, gay, merry* 
ALioREMENT, adv. (o&f.) cheerfiiUy. 
ALioREssE, if. joy, cheerfulness, gaiety. 

N. B. Most authors write these wee last- 
words with U, 
AlInieb, ffli. an awl-maker. 
A-LBNTOUR, adv. about, around, round about. 
ALBNTovB8,jm.pL the euTirons: those persons 

by whom a high personage is surrounded. 
Alerts, tf,(mU,) an alert, an alarm, a warning 

to be upon one's guard, 
Alerte, a4;«alert, brisk, pert, sprightly, watoh- 

ful, diligent. 
Alertb, int, take care ! be upon your guard. 
Al^sbr, va, (un canon) to bore a cannon. 
ALisoiR, SMI. t borer, a piercer. 
Albvin or Albvinaob, tm, trv, young fish. 
Albvinbr, va. to stock a pond with fry. 
ALEviNiiRE, tf. a pond stocked with fry. 
Alexandrin, a^, (vers.) Alexandrine rerses. 
ALixiPHARMAQUE, odj, alexipharmacal, that 

which possesses an antidote. 
ALEXiTiRE, adf. (phy.) alexiteric, alexiterical, 

that which irirea away poison or fevers. 
Alez AN, adj, of a sorrel colour. Un cheval ale* 

san, or simply atssan, a sorrel horse. 
AlAzb or Alaisb, tf, a large clout to put under 

sick persons. 
Aloalie, tf, (eUr.) a silver probe. 
Aloanon, tm, a chain for galley-slayes. 
Aloaradb, tf. (Jam.) an insult, an affront. 
ALciBRE, tf. algebra. C*ett de I'aigebre pour 

moi, it is Greek to me. 
ALoiBRiQVE, adj. ^gebraio or algebraical. 
ALaisRisBR, vn, to apply to algebra, to speak 

or write upon algebra. 
ALc&BaisTE, tm. an algebraist. 
Alguasil, tm, an alguaiil, a consteble. 
Aloux, tf, (a lea'weed) alga. 
Aliaire, tf. (a plani) the dame's violet. 
Alibi, (lot.) tm. (Jnr.) an alibi, elsewhere. 
ALiBipoBAiN,fm. (Jam.) an evasion, apretext: 

an allegation, an excuse. 
Aliboron, tm. a conceited fallow, an asa. 

Maitre aliboron, master lonr-ears. 
ALiiNABLE, adj. alienable, that of which the 

property may be transferred. 
Alienation, tf. alienation, the making over of 

property: aversion, hatred: alienation 'of 

mind, madness, phrenzy. 
Alixn£, part, and adj. alienated, insane, mad. 
Aligner, va. to ahenate, to make over : to 

estrange, to alienate from affection. Aligner 

Vetprit a quelpi*un, to turn one mad. 
Alionement, tm, laying out by a line. 
Aligner, va. to square or lay out by a line, 'to 

make quite straight. 
Alignoibi tm, an iron wedge. ' 



ALL 

•Innnj, BamtenaiiM. 
AuHtHTAiBx, mJg, ■liiMattty. P$imm oH* 

mmiain, % miintwmiice. 
Alimiktse, m. to ]iiaiiitain» to f«ed» to pio* 

ndewith£MNU 
AuiinTKux, adf, alinonuNUi, nutritive. 
AuvAi, mu a new ptngrqik. It admits of 

no < in the pl^^» 
kuqvAvn (partie), mdj» {mat,} wi atiqnant 

put; at: Sfau SfmU 9 ; S tamaaS are 9. 
AuQQOTi (partie), a^, (mat,) an aliquot part ; 

iatnmfmrii$9tifiaUdet%^ Siianaliquot 

pstoflS. 
Ausi or AuzA, adj, ia onlj uaed in VtnU aliait, 

tlM tnde-winds. 
AiiTi, psrf* and adt. badridd«n» who keeps 

AuTBR, as. to confine to one's bed. Sa maladiM 

U mIUS, his iUmss has lioioed him to keep 

his bad. 
AuTsn (S'), «f • to keep one's bed* 
Albb, if. the firuit of the lote-tree. 
AuziBE, lai. the lote-tree, or nettle-tfee* 
AusuiBs, am, (a cmapeimd drug) alkennes. 
ALLAmMBicT, aai« lactation, suttling. 
ALiamn, as. to suckle, to give suck. 
AuAKT, nn. a coer» an actiTe man. 
Allavt, ad;, who likea to |^ about, aettTe. Les 

tUtau St Its ssnanti, the goera and oomers. 
ALLicnsMEirr, sai. allurement, entioement. 
ALiicHKE, iw. to allure, to entice. 
AlUb, ^. a walk, a passage, an allej, a lane. 

AlUtt 0t vfimss, going to and fro. 
ALiioATBun, im. an sueger, one who allegea, 

qaotss or cites. 
AuioATion, ff« allegation, quotation. 
AiiicB, im. a tender, a lighter, a boat. 
ALiioBAycs* tf. (061.) aUcTiation: aUegianee, 

loyalty. 
AtLioKiiivT,aai« aOeriation, case, relief. 
Aj.UoxE,as. to alleTiatef to lighten, todisbur- 

te: to ease, to soften, to cafan, to leasen: 

(mar,) to buoy up a cable. 
ALiiora, as. to diaunish the sise of sny thing, 

to anke Hghtecsr thinner. 
AuiooEiE, sf, sn allsgoiy, a figuxatiTe dis- 

coBiae, a fiction. 
AuiooEiQUK, 0dj, allegorical. 
ALLiooEi^oBMnrr, adv. aUef^orically. 
ALiioonisan, an. to aUegunie, to torn into 

■nsgory, to use allegories. 
ALLiooRUEVE, «». stt aUcgoriier. 
AtiioeBisTB, am, an allegoriat. 
AU.&0B0, ads. (mM§,) allegio, an Italian word 

ihnntiBg a quick motion. 
AlUovbe, an. to allece, to quote, to produce : 

tsbriof in: to plead. 
AllAlvia, (Hc6ru») an allelujah, a wo|d of 

■piatBal oEultation : praise God. 
AuaxABUBy if, (a doncf ) an aUemande. 
Allse, mi. to go, to come, to walk. AlUr d 

d, « dhsaai, logo on foot, to ride onhorse- 
[. AUer k tret, Ugaiopt to trot, to gallop. 
^Xkr ds pair, to be e^ial. 
Alub (S'an), vr. to go away. Imp. Ilyvmda 

km, ds rJbunSKr, uie, honour is at atake. 
AusE, am* the way^ona. 90M» VaUtr $t U 
13 



ALO 

> 

asntr, the goii^^ to and ceming from* Li pts 
alter, the worst that may happen* Au pii 
aUir, let the worat cobu to the worst, 
Allbu, fsi. (franc) an allodium, a posseaaion 

held in abaolute independenoe, 
Alliaoe, im. allay, alloy, a misture of dif- 
ferent metals used in coins. 
Alliance, {fVan aUiance, acorenant, a league, 
a confederacy : an affinity, a relationship : 
a matrimonial ring. 
Allxb, im, an ally: a relation, a kinsman. 
AllxAb, ff.*a female relation. 
Allibe, as. to allay, to alky : to combine, to 

unite, to mix : to match, to marry. . 
Allibe (S*), vr, to enter into a confederal^.: 

to marry, to be married. 
Allibe, tm. a net to catch birds. 
Allioatob , sm. the name given by the English 

to the American crocodile. 
Allit^eation, if, (rhit,) alliteration. 
AllobbooB) mi. a boor, a clown. 
Allocation, tf, allocation^ the admission of sn 

article in an account. 
Allocution, ff. allocuti<m, the manner of spesk- 

ing to another. 
Allodial , od;'. allodial, Tsrrei aikdiaUi, free- 
lands, freeholda. 
AllodxalitA, «f. an allodium, a firee tenure, a 

freehold, an independent possession. 
Allouablb, a^, (jwr,y allowable, admissibls. 
Alloc BE, vs. (jwr,) to allow, to admit: to ap« 

prove, to gnnt, to pass in account. 
Allvcson, ffli. a cog, the tooth of a wheel. 
Allum BR, va, to lignt, to kindle, to act on fire : 

to uifiame, to excite, to stir up. 
AlliAiee (S*), vr. to be kindled, to catch fire, 

to break out. 
Allumbttb, ff*. a match : a polishing tooL 
Allvmbu b , sm. a lamp-lighter. 
Allubb, rf, pace, gait, walk. 
Allc EB8,ff.pt.beliavionr, conduct, proceedings i 
intrigues. Je eonnaii aa aUuna, I know bin 
or her way of proceeding. 
Allusion , tf, an alluaion, a bint, a glance. Fattu 

alUuioH k qmlquo ehom, to allude to a thing. 
Alluvion, tf, an alluvion, an aocretian. 
Alhagestb, m. (aft.).an sfansgest, a collec- 
tion of aatronomical obaervations. 
Almanacu, fsi. an almanack, a calendar, a pe- 
riodical work. ^- 
Almandinb, if, (a pneimu stsns), al m a ndme ,a 

carbuncle. 
Axoisy tm» (ofrognmt wood) aloes. 
ALoiTiQUE, a4j, aloetic, aloetical. 
Aloi, m. alloy, allay: value. KsmsMdsfrai 

aiot, a man of mean condition. 
Alonob, tf. a piece of atoif, apiece joined to 

another : (aiar.) a fnttock. 
Aloncembnt, tm, a lengthening, a prolonging : 

an afiected delay. 
Alonoee, as. to ekmgato^ to lengthen, to 
atretch out, to draw out in length, to prokmg, 
to-put off. Alonger un eoivp, to strike a blow. 
J(0f^i«6rat,tostretchouttheaim. il/01^^ 
iacsarroM, to make apenny goa great way.^ 
Alokobe (S'),tostretohoneself out, to length- 
en, to grow longer. 
ALOPiKJXB, tf. (a dtfMie), akipecy, soucL 



AHA 

A&OM, Mto. tUB, at thtt titt9. La nude d* 

• aloH, tbe fiahioA of these times. 

Alosx, j^. (e^ifc), t thftd. 

Aiouvm, «f. t Uurk : a purr. 

Alourdir, va» (faiii.))to dull, te stapiiy: to 
■ittke heavy, dttU, or etupid. Je sum tcut 
aUmrdi, my head ia quite heavy. 

ALI.OTAOB, Ml. allayiaj^, a mixture. 

Ai,OYAu» im* a aiilpin, a (oin of beef. 

Aloyxb, fME. to alloy, to allay, to bring gold or 
•ilTar to the lawAil atandaid. 

Alpbs, if, pi, the Alpe. 

ALfHA, Mtu (the Jint Utter of the Oredt aipka* 
bit\ alpha. Atph^ et omira, the beginning 
•an the end.- II »*<« eH fu'S ralpka, he know* 
very little yet. 

Alphabet, tm, the alphabet, the a, b, e : apri- 
mer, a hornbook. 

ALPHABiTiquB, adf, alphabetie, alphabetical. 

ALPHABin^OBitBMT, oiv, alphabetically. 

ALTiRABLB, odf, altoiable, ebangeable. 

ALTiRAVT, adf, that canaea thirst. 

Alt^ratif, 4u(j, (phy,} alteratiTC. BemHet 
eilUratifi, idteranre medicines. 

ALTiRATioN, ff, alteration, adultention, a 
ehanfo for the wont. AMraiUm dee mon' 
naiee, debasement of the coin. AUiretion daiK 
I'amitUf • diminntion of ftiendship. Exe^- 
flire thibnst. 

AxTBBeATxoN, $f, altsffeatioa, wmg^g* 

Avrkttkp adj, dterad, changed: thiraty, dry. 

AltArxb, va, to alter, to change* Let excet 
aUh^mt Ui ttmU, excess of all kinds impairs 
the health. Ak^rer tamiiU, to alter mend- 
ship, il/t^rar del iRMtnaiei, to debase the£oin: 
to adulterate, to debase, to countermt, to 
impair, to deprare, to corrupt : to disturb, to 
disoider: tomakedrydr thirs^. 

Alt^rbr (S'}, vr. to become worse, to spoil. 

Altbrkatip, adj. alternative, alternate. 

Altbrvatitb, rf» the alternative. 

AxTB««ATivBXBiiT, mdv, alternatively, alter- 
nately, by turns. 

A2.rBRirB, mdj, altaiiiate. 

ALTBnvBR, «e. to alternate, to perfonn alter- 
nately: to change. 

Ai.T£ssB» rf, higimeas. AUetee rayaU, tM- 
nieeime, royel, moat serene, highness. 

Ax.Tn<BA, am. (a thrvk) althaea, asarahmallow. 

Altier, adj, lofty, haughty, proud, arrogant. 
lime mkSre, « hoaghty look. 

AltimAtrb, tm. (mat.) an altimeter. 

AltimAtrib, rf, altimetry, <^ art of meaMr- 
ing altitudea. 

Alto* mb. (hum.) alto, a fenor. 

Aluoe, sf, sheep's akin for l»aok«binding. 

Aluwb^ rf, (a piamt) sea^wormwood. 

Alumimb, gf, (chywt,) a sort of clay. 

AuTMiNBux, a4f . (eiiai*) aluminona. 

Alvn, tf, (intn.) alum, a mineral salt. 

AS.UMBR, «B. to ateep, to dip into ainm-water, 

AucviiBB, if. an alumphouae, a mine of alum. 

Ai«vioi.Ai«B, adj. belonging to the aosfceta of 
theteedi. 

AlvAolb, am. a call, a hole in a faoneyeomb. 
Afmiolei dstdeeiU, the aodoeU of the teeth. 

AmabilitA, sf. amability, amiahLettes«t 
Am ADia> em, « aienf*, 9 wnit DriiL 
14 



AHB 

Amnov, aai. (Jkat no pheral) tinder Made ynXh 

large mushrooms, tioder. 
AjfABOUBicBNT, $M, coBxing, whoedling. 
Amadoubb, va, to coax, to iattet, to cajole, 

to wheedle. 
Amadoubur, nn. a cajoleri a eoaxer. 
Amaiorir, va, to emaciate, to make lean. 
Amaiorir, vn, to grow thin, to ihll away. 
Amaigrissement, tm, emaciation, extenuation, 

felling away. 
Amaloamation, tf, an amalgamation. 
Amaloamb, tm, -an amalgam or amalgama : n 

niixtttra of metals by amalgamation. 
Amalgambb, va. to amalgamate, to mix. 
Amandi, ff. an afanond, a kernel. 
Amand^, tm, almond-milk. 
Amahdibr, tm, an almond«tree. 
Am ANT, tm, a lover, a suitor, a sweetheart. 
Amantb, if, a mistress, a swee&eart. 
Amara)9tb, sf. (a flant) an amaranth. 
Amarantine, ^. (a flower) an anemone, the 

wind-flower. 
Amarinbr, ea. (mer,) to man a priae : to inure 

or accustom to sea, 
Amarqcb, ff. {mar,) a land*mark. 
Amabraor, em, (auir.) anchoring ar mooring. 
Amarrb, rf» (Mar.) a cable, a rope. 
Amarrbr, va. (mar,) to moor, to Way, te kah, 

to tie fast. 
Xmas, «m. a heap, a pile. Un amat de peupUf 

a great crowd or mob. 
Amabser, va, to heap np, te hoard up : t» 

gather, to accumulate: to aaaemble, to col- 
lect. Amatter de I* argent , to hoard op money ^ 

Amatter du Hen, to feather one'a nest. 
A MASsxR (S'), vr. to assemble, to gather. 
Ama88bttb, rf* a hom*tool to scrape up ground 

colours. 
Amatblotbr, «8. (mar,) to give each sailor hia 

mate : to mess together. 
Amateur, fat. an amateur, a lover, a dilettante, 

a viriuoso. Amateur de la nouveautit fond 

of novelty. Very few authors, besides J. J. 

Rousseau, have used die word amatricb iff. 

the feminine gender. 
Am ATiR, va. to unpoUsh a metal. 
Am A ZONE, ff. anamaaon, a warlike woman. 
Ambages, fjf'. pi, ambages, circumlocution : an 

idle story. 
Ambabsadb, if. an embaaay t an errand. 
Ambassadbur, iRi. snambaasador, a peraon sent 

from one sovereign to another. 
Ambassadbicb, ff. an ambasaadraaa. 
Ambe, fin. two numbera played in the eonti* 
I nantai lotteiies. 
Ambesas, tm, (at badtgammon) andta-aces, a 

doable aee ; when two dice tum up the ace. 
Ambiant, adj, ambient. L'air dfa^nt, the 

snrronnding air. 
Ambidextbe, im. end /. ambidexter, n person 

who uaes both hsnds with equal dexterity. ' 
AMfiinEXTBB, adj, amhidextroas. 
Ambio'u, fM. an and>iga, a bsnquet of meat apd 

fruit: anoddndxture. 
Ambigu, adj. ambignouB, equivocal. 
AMMovvrk, ^\ ambignity, doubtfttlnesB of 

meaning. 
AifMovMAVT^ 4Mie.jnihigii«slf« • 



AME 

AMmmiitnfT, «dv. Muhitioadf • 

Amutibux, adj. ondmAt, mbitioiu. 
Ammov, if. ambition, an eamett denro olT tc* 

qsiriv^ guny* lionoim, fortune, tad the like. 
AxirnoiinxR. «•« to pontte aaibiticmBly) to 

cof ct, to tUiBt after. 
Amiljimt, mdj. ambling. 
Ambli, «a. amble, a partienlar pace. Ckewd 

fBt M FmmbUf an ambler, a pacer. 
Amblrr, OB. Co amble, to more upon an amble. 
Ahblbur, m. an ambler, a pacer. 
AjiBBB,fM.amber,agummovs8abatanoe. Amhre 

gris, ambergns. Fin eommt Vambn, {fam,) 

€zoeedingljf cnnnii^. 
AnBBBR, M. to ecent or perfome with amber. 
A«Bamx, ff. (m flower) the pnxple eweet-Bol- 
d*ambr$n»t a pear of a moakj 



AxBBoisiK, if, ambfoeia : any deliciona food. 
AvBULAVcB* rf, n field-boapital, an itiserant 



AxBULANT, adf, ambulatorj, atrolling, itiaenat, 
■ovaaUa. HifUol mmbuimni, an itinerant 
liospitaL TroJjm i» tmnidimi wtdmUnUf a 
nmpBny of atnilera. 

AnauLBtoinn* mdg* ambulatory. ComrmMLn' 
tfin* an itioMant court, the judgea' dicnit. 

Amb, ^.aool, spirit, mind: heart, lale: ghost : 
enmcioifoa. Am€ 6t«n mett a noble, generous 
aoal or mind. Som mm, spiritless. Ame de 
SMM, the hoK of a gun. 

Ajib, odj. (a term in ehaneenf) well-beloved. 

AxiuoBATiON, ff. amelioration, imptoTement. 

Aniuonsn, ««. lo ameliorate, to improve. 

AaiuoaissBMENT, <m. (o6t.) amelioration. 

AiBv, fa. (lot.) amen, so be it. Dirt amen k 
tovtf to eoanest to, to do «r say all that 



AICO 

AMSftTVH E, ff. bittnnwis, a bitttr tastn, ^arp* 

ness I grier, aiBictton* 
Ambtbybte, sf, {aprecioui stone) an amediyst. 
AMBVBLEMnirr, m. ftirniture. 
Amevslie^ va,(jnr,) to mahf moveable. 
Ambublissement, im. the making moveable : 
I the thing made moveable. 
Ambulombb, vtu to stack hay or com, to put it 

in ricks. 
Ameutemkvt, #m. (jobs.) the ooupltngoJThovnds, 

to hunt together : a mob. 
Ameuter, va. to train hounds to hult together : 

to stir up, to raise a mob. 
AMiDTmn (S*), vr. to gather into a mob, to as« 

semble riotously • 
Ami m. 1 

Amib,^. / * fr*«n*» » well-wisher. M*(mui, 

(Jam,) (ibr laon amde,) Mie, (foromk,) my 

dear, my love. 
Amiable, a^j, amicable, kind, friendly. A 

I'ttsnkMe, adv, in a friendly way, in an amiea* 

Uennnner. 
Amiablbmeiit, odvs amiably, anucably. 
AuiAvntf (not. kUt.) amianthve. 
Ajiic^i^ m^. amicabM, kind, friendly. 
Amicalememt, amicably, friendly. 
Amict, em. en mnioe. 
Amidov, sm.etafeh. * 

Amioonmbrie, sf. a stanh^maanAMioiyw 
AMjDofiiiitR, m. to stmch. 
Amidondier, em. a starch-maker. 
Amionarder, va. (pop.) to fondle, to tid^fle, to 



AxBicA6B,smr the carriage of any thing. 
Aebrdabxa, 441;. mendable, finable : Mettre i 

Fememde, to fine. Ainendable» reparable. 
AntxDB, ^. a fine, a nralet, a penalty, a forfeit. 

dwnde honorable, a public penance inflicted 

by a court of justice. 
AsB^oBMEMT, SSI. Bu smendflMnt, a change 

tram bad, a reibtmation: an improvement: 

the Biodification of a motion. 
AuBVDan, aa. to fine, to mulot : to mend, to 

batter, to correct: to modify amotion. 
Arbkoer, vn. to improve, to grow better in 

bmlih: to fUl in price : to profit by. 
AaxxoBR (S*), vr. to amend, to Nform. 
Ancnn, wo. to bring, to conduct. Mandat 

^'«aeaer, an Older to apQ^er in oourt. Amoner 

uatSMd*, unneoige, tomtioduce, to briagiDto 

EM or fimfaion: to draw, to attract. Amener 

^mi,^ draw, to ]ffevril upon. Amener let 

vnlei, (mar,) lb lower the Bails. AmenerpO' 

tUten, to ntoike, to bring to: (at dice) to 

thmw, to fling. 
AaiDiTB, if. amenity, pleasantness. 
AanvisBR, ««. to lessen, to make thinner. 
Arbb, sou bittoinefls. L'amor ^et 4e dettx, bittor 

md sweet. Prendre das omm%t to take bitter 

(bmghtB : the gall of aniands. 
AaBa,e4f.bitfear,se«r: baid, grievous. UeeeSa 

mhe, the briny wmres. 
ARiaixxNTi ado* bittoriyi grievoue^« 
15 



Amincir, va. to make thinner. 
Amira l, am. an admiral, Grsntf-eaitraJ, high- 
admiral. Vice-amiralt viae-admiraL CMfrv- 

awdral, nar»adflBtral. he vaisseem saitns/, the 

admiral's ship. 
Amirals, {f. the admiral's wife : the sdariral's 

gtllay. 
Amira vtA, sf. the admiralty, the navy-oflice; 
AMissiBiLXTi, ff. (ihee^) amissicn. 
Amisbxblb, od/.-araiseible, thatmay be loot. 
AxiTii, tf. amity, friendship, love: fovour, 

pleasure, kindness. 
AMiTiii, pi. careases, ccnplments. li m*a 

feix wdUe aautUs, he has been ezceedii^y 

kind torne^ 
Ammi, m. (bot») biahopsweed. 
Ammon, (come d') comu wn Bao Bis , snafcestone. 
Aamonxac, adf. amrnimiac, It is oaly used 

with the substantives sel and oommb. 
Amnibtie, <f. aaamneety, a genesid pardon. 
AjBvisnxR, «a. to grant an anmeety. 
Amodiateur, sm. a tenant of land, a frrmer. 
Amooiatioh, sf w a lease. 
Amodier, va. to let or take an eststo on lesee. 
AjtotvnniR, ea.to diminish* to lessen, to msko 

less. 
Amochdrir, em.to gmwleaa, todecvease. 
Amoindrisbement, tm. lesaening, decreaan. 
Amolur, ««. to mollify-, to aoften : to enervato, 

to effeminate. 
Amolur (S*),vr, to grow soft, tender, or e^ 



Amolibsement, sm, 
Amoms, em.^afrmU) 
AMONCfiUMSMTi sm* ft heap. 



AKOfKBKKa, M. to heap vp. 

Amokt (DO* adj. up the nver. FmI <i*iBiiMiit, 
•Mt-wud. 

Amokce, if, prima : bait, ■Uaremeiit. 

Amorcsb, «a, to prime t gfm : to bait a hook, 
toaUure. 

AiioafoiB, tm, a kind of anger, a borer. 

AiioaTia, M. to deaden, to weaken : to pat oat, 
to extinguiab, to cabn, to allay, to oool. 
Awtmfir ««« rente, to redeem a rent. 

AnoarxR (S'), vr, to grow weak or fidnt, to 
/ abate, to deereaie. 

Amortibbablb, adj. (Jwr,) redeemable. 

AiioaTiseiifBNT, mi. O'ur.) amordaation, 
amortiiement; decrease, abatement. Cause 
d'amiortittement, the linking-fand : (arek,) the 
■nmmit or nppcrmoat part of a building. 

Amour, mi. love, paauon, affeetion: Cupid. 
ItTawKmr for man amour, (Jem,) my love. 
Pewr Vmmoiur de, (pre.) for the sake of. 

AitovBt, if, pL, the Sports, Smiles, and Grues : 
a mistress, what one loves, the olriect of 
one's inelination. Preeuiret amourt. Brat in- 
clination: I>#/b(JMaiiiottrt,lbolish inclination. 

AMovRACjin (9'), vr, to fall in love with, to be 
smitten with* 

Amoub-proprx, mi. self-love, selfiiess. 

AnouaBTTR, §f, an amour, a love*aflhir» an in- 
trigue: an inclination. 

Amourbusbmknt, ado, amorouslj, lovingly. 

Amourbux. mi. 1 1 m 

AMonmioH, rf. } • •»''*'' • "«•*••". 

Amourbux, adj, amorous, given to love, en- 
amoured or smitten with» 

AmovibilitA, rf, unfixedness, instabllitj. 

Amoviblb, 04;. rensovable. 

Amphibib, $m, an amphibium, an animal that 
lives in air and water. 

Amphibib, adJ, amphilMous^ of a mixed nature. 

Amphibolooib, tf, (gr.) amphibology, a phrase 
or discouzse oz uncertain meaning. 

Ampiiibologxqub, if, ampbibologic^. 

Ampridolooiqubmbnt, adv. amphibologicallj. 

Amphioourx, mi. a speech that has neither head 
nor tail, nonsense. 

Amphigoubiqub, a^, ludicrous, nonsensical. 

Amphiscibns, mi, pL the Amphiscii or Am- 
phiscians, inhabitants of the tropics. 

AMPBiTHilTRB. Ml. su amphitbeatTB, a build- 
ing in a circular or oval form. 

Ampritrvon, Mi.a person who frequently gives 
good dinners. 

Amphorb, rf» an amphora, a pitcher. 

AMPLB,a4;. ample, Itrp* wiae, vast, spacious: 
copious, full, plentiral. 

Amplbment, adv, amply, fully, largely : abnn- 
. dandy, oopiouslv. 

Amplbvr, ff. amplitade, largeness : fulness of 
a vestment. 

Ampuatip, tfd/* *>Bpliating, extending, enlai|^- 
ing, diflusive. 

Ampliation, tf, ampliation, eqjaigement, ex- 
tension : exaggeration, difiuseness. 

Ampubr, INI. (i«***) to delay, to put off: to 
give a little Liberty to a prisoner : to delay 
paanng sentence on him. 

Amplipicatbur, ffi« an aa^liiier: (tron.) a 
lomanoer. 
16 



ANA 

AMPUFicATiON^f^.aii^i^fication, enggeratkm^ 

extension, enlwgement. 
Amplifixr, va, to amplify* to enlarge, to ex* 

aggerate, to increase, to augment : to improve. 
Amplituob, sf. (atir,') amplitude, extent. 
Ampoulb, tf. a phial, aUister, a water-bubble. 

La iainte ampoule, the ampulla* the oil with 

which the French kings used to be anointed. 
Ampoulb, a^, bombastic, hig^-fiown. 
Amputation, tf, en amputation, f aire fasi- 

putation d*un brat, to cut oiTan arm. 
Amputbr, va. to amputate, to out off* 
Amulettb. tf, an amulet, a charm. 
Amurb, tf. (mar,) tack. 
Amurbr, va, (mar*) to haul aboard the main 0^ 

foretack. iffmiror^ftoiordou^tri^ord, tosail 

on the larboard or staiboaid tack. 
Amunitionnbr, va, to provide a place with am- 
munition and provisions. 
Amusablb, adj* (little uted) fit to be amused. 
AMUBANTyod;. amusing, entertaining, pleasiiig* 

diverting. 
Amusembnt, mi. an amtuMment, a diversiooi a 

pastime : a delay, a put off. 
Amusbr, va. to amuse, to divert, to entertain, 

to please : to deceive, to feed with vain hopea^ 

to stop, to keep at bay. ilmtiMr U tapisp to 

talk without comiog to the point. 
Amusbr (S'), vr. to lose one's time» to divert 

oneself: to tarry, to loiter, to trifle one's 

time. S'amuier a la mtnUarde, (prov.) to stand 

on trifles. 
Amubbttb, tf, an amusing trifle, a toy. 
Amusrub, mi. an amuser, a trifler, an idle 

talker: a deceiver. 
AMus6iRB,<f. (ebe,) an amusing trifle, a pastime. 
Amyodalib, tf, tonsils or abnonds, two round 

glands placed on each side of the throat. 
An, mi. a year, a twelvemonth. Le jow de 

Van ou le premier jour de Van, new year's 

day. Annie hitteftile, leap year. Toiu it ant, 

eveiy year. Totci lei deux ant, ererj two years* 

Far an, yearly. D'un an, perennial; L*an 

du monde. Van de grdee, in the year of the 

world, the year of grace. 
An A, Ml. a collection of witticisms : (p^*) •&•» 

the like quantity. 
Anabaptibtb, mi. an anabaptist, a baptist* 
Anabaptismb, mi. anabaptism, the doctrine of 

the anabaptists. 
An AC A R DB, Ml. (afruit) anacardium, the cashew 

or marking nut. 
AMAcnoaiTB, Ml. an anchoret, an anachorete or 

anchorite, a hermit, a recluse. 
Anacuronibmb, mi. anachronism, an error in 

computing time, an error in chronology. 
Anaclabtiqub, tf, anaclastics, dioptrics* 
ANAcaioNTiQUB, odj, anacreontic. 
Anaoooie, tf, anagogics, a mystery. 
Anaoiioiqub, adj. anagocicsl, mysterioos: 

elevated, spiritual. 
Anaorammatibbr, va. to anagrammatiae, to 

make anagrams. 
Anaorammatibtb, mi. an anagrammatist, a 

maker of anagrams. 
Anagram MB, ^. an anagrfm, the tmnspositioA 

of the letters of a name* by which a new word 

is fonaed. ' 



ANO 

AviLECTis, SRI. pi, analects, setaet pieces of 

tBtfaon. 
AsalImb, UN. (gMg,) mnalemma, an orthogra- 
phical pfojection on the colnre of the solstices. 
AvAtmrnE, sf, (pi^yO analepsis, the recovery 

of strength after a dusease. 
Analxptiqux, adj. analeptic* comforting. 
4!*rAU)oiB, if. analogy, relation, proportion. 
Akalociqve, od;. analogical. 
AwALociQusMENT, odv. analogicsBy* 
AxALooisME, 01. analogism, an argument from 

the canse to the effect. 
Analoouk, 04^*. analogous, having analogy. 
Ajtaltse, sf. analysis, a solution to the first 

elemeDts, a resofying. 
AxALTSEB, vs. to ouslyse, to vesolre a body to 

its first eleeseots. 
AvALTBTE, twu WO. snttlyst, an analyser. 
AsALmqiTB, «u^*. analytic, analytical. 
A^f ALTTiQVBVBNT, odv, analytically. 
AxAHOEFHosB. «f. snamorphosis, deformation, 

a distorted portrait or ^gnre. 
AvAVAS, 01. (a plant and fruit) ananas, a 

•peeiet of bromelia, the pinis-apple. 
Ajtapistb, §m, a metrical foot consisting of 

tVD short syllables and one long. 
AvAPBSTiquB, aty, anapestic. 
AsAPHOBB, «jr. anaphora, a figure of rhetoric. 
AsABCHiB, sf'. anarchy, want of government. 
AxABCHisKE, ja». anarchism, confusion. 
AsABCHiQUB, «4f< snarchic, anarchical. 
AsABCHiSTB, set. Bu anafchist, an anarch, a 

promoter of anarchy. 
AxAiABQVB, if. anasarca, a species of dropsy. 
AjtAtroMosB. sf. (anat,) anastomosis, the open- 

iag of one vessel into another. 
Avabtbophb, ^. (gr.) an anastrophe or anas-. 

tnphy, an inversion of the natural order of 

WDfds. 

AsATBistATisBB, va.toanathematise, to excom^- 

■aaicate, to curse. 
AvATBiaf E, im. an anathema, an ecclesiastical 

CBiae : the individual accursed. 
AKATOcitMB, $m, anatocism, interest (ipon in- 

torett, the taking of compound interest. 
AvATOMiB, ff, anatomy, the act of dissecting 

aaimal boues. 
AwATomQUE, aty. anatomical. 
Akatomiqvbmbnt, ado. anatomically. 
AxATomsEB, «a. to anatomise, to dissect. 
AvATOMXSTB, OT». Bu Bmitomist, a dissector. 
AxciTBEs, 9m. pL ancestors, forefathers. 
AscBSyjf.^e reed of a wind-instrument* Anche 

^9me, tfaeteedstop of an organ. 
AjscBi, adj. (her.) crooked. 
AxcBois, m. (a very tmalljish) an anchovy. 
AxciBir, em. a senior, an elder. Lee aneien$f pi. 
^ the ancients. Vne ancienne eoutume, an old 

csstom. Unefamille ancienne, an ancient &- 

vily. Vaneienne et la n<mvelU Grece, the 

•ndemt and modem Greece. 
AsciESi, adj, old, ancient : late. 
AsciKvicEiiENT, ado. anciently, in old times : 

once, formerly. 
AsciehwbtA, if', ancientness, antiquity, exist- 

coes from old times : seniority. 
Abctib, em. (iae.)-the ancile, the sacred shield 

cCdieRoBMiiB* 
17 



AN6 

Ancolxs, tf. (a flcwer) columbine. 

ANCRAGE,«m. (mar.) anchorage, anchor-ground. 

Ancbe, sf. {mar,) an anchor : (arcA.) abraoe, an 
iron bar : a shift or refuge. 

Ancrb, a4f. (fam,") well-settled in a place. 

Ancreb, vn. {mar.) to anchor, to cast anchor. 

Ancrer (S'), «r. to get a footing, to settle one- 
self well iu a place. 

Anchube, if. a plait, a crease or fold in cloth. 

And abate, em. an andabate, a gladiator. 

AvDAiVjim. (agr.) the quantity of grass wliich 
a mower can cut at one stroke. 

AN^tNTrKO, }«<«».(wiM.) andante, andanttno. 

Andouille, «f'. chitterlings. AndouilU de labae, 
a roll of tobacco. 

Andouillers, em. pi, the antlers of a deei. 

Andouillette, if, a forced-meat ball. 

ANOROTOkiE, rf. {anat.) androtomy, dissection. 

Androgyne, im, an androgyne, a kind of her- 
maphrodite. 

ANDRosfiDE, if. (att.) andromeda. 

Anb, tm, an ass: a fool, an idiot. Det autet 
de peau d'dne, tales of a tub, tales for cliil- 
dren : {with bookbinden) the tub for shavings : 
(withjoineri) a vice or press. 

An^antir, va. to annihilate, to destroy, to bring 
or rediice to nothing. 

An^antir (S'), vr. to come to nothing, to 
humble oneself. 

ANiANTissEMENT, ffli. annihilation, fuin, de- 
struction : humiliation, an act of humility. 

Anecdote, ef, an anecdote. 

Anecdotibr, em, (obe.) one who relates spurious 
anecdotes. 

Anecootique, adj, anecdotical. 

iNis, if', the load of an ass. 

Anbm ooBAPHiE, if, anemography, a description 
of the winds. 

An&mom Atre, sm. an anemometer, an instrument 
to measure the wind. 

AnAuom&trib, if anemometry, the art of 
measuring the wind. 

Anemone, tf. an anemone, the wind-flower. 

Anemoscope, em, ka. anemoscope, a machine to 
foretel the changes of the wind. 

AN£piORAPUB,a4;. withoutany title or inscrip- 

Anebib, sf. gross ignorance, stupidity. 

In ESSE, ^', a she-ass. Du lait d*Anesie, assee' 
milk. 

Anet, em^(an.herb^ dilL * 

Anbvbismal, adj. oelonging to aneurism. 

ANivRisME, em, {pky.) aneurism, a disease of 
the arteries. 

Anf^actvevx, a^. anfractuous, anfractuose, 
winding: intricate. 

Anfractuositb^ s/'^anfractuosity, crookedness. 

Ange, im, an angel, a genius : a beautiful per- 
son, t/'ne votx c{*anfe, a fine voice. Rireaux 
angee, to laugh without cause : (art,) an 
angel-shot, a chain-shot. 

Ange, if* {ajith) an apgel-fish, a skate. 

'Angblique, if, (a plant) angelica, lungwort. 

Anoblique, a^. angelic,. angelical, divixte. 

AngEliquement, adv, angelically, like Sn 
angel, angel -like. 

Ano£lot, tm. a kind of cheese. 



AN? 



AHQ 



AnOBtvs, tm, ^ non^xi^, iioon» and «Fi^ipg I A|ii^r> tu, toooT^ir^th uu«^ 

prayer, be^ning with tlie wprd Angettis, Anisettv, sf. anisette, a liquor made with aim- 
Anoine^ if, angina', a sore throat, a tminzj, seed. 

Angiographie, sf. (anat.) an|^Qgranhv, a (i^- 

scripUoA.of yessels in thf» homan ppdy. 
Amoiolooie, if» (aiMt.) angiolog^, a treiitise 

of th^ vesaeu ot a hmnan bodj. 
AwGiOTOMiBfif. (anat.^ ang^iotomy, the-cuttuig 

opcm pf a vein or artery. 
Angle, $m, an angle, a comer, 
Anolet, tm» (ari»,^ an indenture, a channel . 
AtfGLEux, adj. full of angles, thick-dhelled- 
Anglican, adj. Anglican, llnglish, la rit 

Anglican, the English rites. 
Ano licibme, <m.an Anglicism ,an English idiom. 
Anglomane. odj, a man passionately fond of 

whaterer is English. 
Anclomanie, ff» excessive fondness of what* 
' ever is English, 
Anolomaniaque, a^, who imitates English 

manners and fashions. 
Angoisse, if, anguish, pain, trouhle, afliction. 

Les angoisUt 4* la mort, the pangs of death. 

Poire d ango'ufe, a chokepear : a gag. 
Angon, tm, a dart used among the f rtoks. 
Angora, (and not angola, as many veopU May ,)' 

a cat, a rabbit, or go^t, ^ native of Angora, and 

remarkable for the softness and length of its 

hair. 
Anovilla5e, <f. a lash, lashing, stripes. 
'Anguills, tf, an eel. Un pdU danguilUt; 

an eel-pi^. AnguiUtt (mar.) bilgo-ways, 
ANGuiLLiRE, tf. a pond yi^here eels are Jcept : 

a net to ci^tch tnem, Anguillen, tm, pi, 

(fiMir.) limbers. 
Angulaire, adj, a^guls^, Pitrre angulairet a 

comer stone. 
Angulevx, a^, angulous, l^ooked, angul*'* 
ANOUSTii, adj, (ohs,) an^st, narrow, straiw 
ANBiLATiON, tf, fohelat^on, short and j&equ^ft 

breathing. 
Anicrocux, tm. an obsta^^, a diifici^tyy a-i 

demur, a rub. 

iNiER, m. I ^.driw 

Anisrb, tf,J 

Anil, tm, (a plant} anil, the indigo plfwt 

Aj^imaovebbion, tf, animadversion, reproof, 
censure : hatred. 

Animal, tm. an animal, a b^t, a b^ute : a 
blockhead, a fool, an ass. 

Animal, adj, animal, not spiritual, irrational. 
La vit^animaU, animal life. Leregnif animal, 
the animal kingdom. 

Animalcule, tm, an animalcule, a little animal. 

Animalisation, tf, (ph^.) animalisation, the 
turning of food into animal substance, 

Anim ALisBR (S*), vr, to put oneself on the foot- 
ing of animals. 

ANiMALiri, tf. animality, animal existence. 

Animation, tf. animation, i 

Animer, va. to animate, to inspirit, to enliven : 
to stimulate, to encourage, to excite : to in- 
cense, to exaaperate, to provoke. 

ANtMBR (S'^, vr, to eiJbofirage one another, tP 
cheer up, to take fire. 

Animositb, ff.aoimosity, hatred, ill-will, spite, 
rancour, malice, 

Amx8> *m. aaiiCf vm^ i fljiC^tfod u^i^wi. 



An KY LOSE, tf, (ckir.) aac^ylwis, fi^Qtf^ priva- 
tion of movement in the liiDbs. 
Annal, adj, annual, yearly, that lai^ts biUWke 

year. 
Annalss, tf, pi, annals, auAual chronicle. 
Annalists, tm, an annaliat, a writer of annals. 
Annate, tf. annates, the &nt fruits of a living* 
Annejlv, ifii. a ring, a curl of ha^r : a link. 
Ann^ie, tf, a year, a twelvemonth. L4t Wat 
aimiet, the prime of life. Vannie pa%Ua^ 
last yea^. Vannie qui vient, jiext year, 
Anneler, va, to curl ue^air in ringlets, 
Anji£Lbt, Ml. (Asr. and arch,), voi ^nnulflt, ^ 

small ring. 
Annelur^, tf, A curling of hair in loc|yi. 
Annexe', tf, an annex : a chapel of ease. 
Annbxer, wk, to annex, tp ad.d, ^ joii^ to. 
Annexion,,*/*, annexion, annexment. 
Annihilation, tf, annihilatixm, destiruotiifpiif 
Annihileb» va, to annihilate, to reduce t0 
nothing: to dejrtroy, to ^uln: t? fonal, to 
cancel. 
Anniver8aire> tm, an anniversary. ' Vattfti' 
vertaire de la luiittan^ du roi, th/^ tog*4 
birth-day. 
Anniver8aiiie» a4y*«nnivei3ntfy,amaiual^ jyV^Ti 
A^NONcy, tf, iidvertiaement, public notion : 4 

bill of (he play : bans of inatiimony • 
Annoncer, va, to announce, to eive out, iff 
make known, td proclaim: tpsydvif^, to^n- 
fomif to warn.: to pi^gnosticate, to j^tejl^, 
to predict, 
AnNqnceur, tm, a report^jr, a ptocJlAii^er : the 

p.eribrmer who fmnounces the pl*^- 
Annonciation, tf, Ladyrday, the annunciation 

of the Virgin Mary. 
ANiiorATEujB,!^. anannotatoXf acoainienta^fl|^ 
Annotation, tf. annotation, note, remai^ 
Annotxr, va, (j^r,) to note down; tbmaloe 
an inventory of goods att|idiied or distrained, 
Annuaxbb, <m. «n annuary, a y^eariy book: % 

publication. 
Annuaxre, adj, annual, yiat^jr* that Tfitfuq^ 

every year. 
Annuel, tm, an annual ma.»>. ^ 
Annuel, ndj, annual, yearly, Pention an/t^^U, 

an annual or yearly pension. 
Ankuellbment, aav, annually, yeariy, from 

year to year. 
Annuity, tf, an annuity, a yearly allowance. 
Annulaire, adj, annulary. Voigt annuUire, 

the ring-finger, the fourth finger. 
Annvlatie, a^j. that may be annulled. 
Annulation, ^.annulment, rescission, r^Pi^- 
Annuler, va. to annul, to cancel, to riavoke, to 

abrogate, to repeal, to abolish, to rescind, 
Anobliu, va, to ennoble, to nobilitate, to^maka 

noble, 
Anoblibsxmbnt, na, ennoblement, LtUm 

d*anoblittemetU, a patent of nobility, 
Anodin, wy» (phyT) anodyne, an aasnAgi^g 

medicine. 
Anomal, od;. anomalous, inegular. 
Anomalxb, tf, anomalv, ijTOgulftrity»4»?iljtit(|B 
from th« coDUDOB rale. 



AHf 



M, Ir- 



AxomxJsuQ^, adf. (oft.) 
regular. 

Anoimu, sf. pi, foBsil sheik. 

Ako9, sm, an aaa*B colt, m jovmg ass. 
ANoxNSMEjrT, sat. xeading or apealdng with 

^ hesitation. 

AsovNEs, m. (fam.) to speak or read with 

hentation, to falter, to stanuner. 
ANONmfi, sJ;. and stc^t. anonymous^ wanting 

anagne. 
AsoRDiE, jf. (mar,) a northedj storm. 
Anoroib, nu (aior.) is said of the wiad when 

it tends to the north. 
AxiE, $f, s handle : (mkr.) a creek, a small haj. 
Ak8utiqu£, adj. Hanseatic. Le$ villet om^O" 

iifm, the Hanse towns. 
AssETTEs, sf, pi, (mar.) bolt, rope, eringlf s. 
Anspect, tm, (mar,) a haod^poke, a lerer. 
AxiTEssADE, rf, a lancepesade. 
AxTiGONisME, sm, antagonism, ooutest. 
AiTTAGONisTS, sm. an antagonist, ^ opposer, 

an adrersarj, a eontendent, an opponent, 

a competitor, a rival. 
A-VTANACLAaE, rf. (rhet,) antanaclasis, a repe- 

tition of the same woid in Tarious segues. 
Aktaectique, adf, antarctic, soathem. 
AyTBCBDEM M EVTtodv. antecedently, preyiously. 
AxTiciDEjfCE, rf, antecedence, antecedency, 

precedence. . 
AvTscioENT, En. (gr.) an antecedent. 
AxTiciDE^T, adj, antecedent, preceding, fore- 

gwng. 
Antecesseub, am. an antecessor, a principal. 
AjfTECHEisT, sm. anti-christ, the great enemj to 

Cbiistianity, the man of sin^ 
AxTSDiLu vzEv, odj, antediluYian, previous to 

the deluge. 
Aetekke, «^. (mar.') a lateen sail-yard. Anten- 

aa, pi, (nof . phU.) antennae, horns, feelen. 
AKTipisuLTiiitB, 04/. et s. (gr.) antepenult, 

ue last syllable but two. 
AxTEBiECB, adj, anterior, former, prior. 
AKTiBiEuftEvxjfT, odv. before, pior to. 
Aktbbiobitx, sf. anteriority, priority of time. 
Akte^ m. (orcA.) antes, pillars. 
Antestatube, sf, (fort.) anmtrenchment made 

^th palisadoea. 
AxthUe, sf, (boi.) anthers. 
AxTHOLooiE,'^. anthology, atreatise on flowers. 
AxTBBopoLooiB, rf. (siwt.) anthropology, the 

ooctdne of anatomy. 
Akthbopomorpbitb, tm. an anthropomorphite, 

ooewhobelieTesahnmanformintne divinity. 
AxTBBopopBAOE, jm. an anthropophagus, a 

Qaa-eater, a camiibal. 

AiTHBopopiiAoiB, sf. anthvopophagy, canni- 
balism. 

Axn, an inseparable prepoaition, which, in 
French, is used in^the composition of words, 
and denotes either anteriority, as aniichanAre, 
antechamber; or opposition, as antidou, an 
mtidate. 

AxTiAPopLECTiQVE, ttdj. antiisipoplectic, good 
•gainst apc^ilezy. 

A'TiABTBBiTiQUE, odj. antiarthritic, good 
VMMlthegont. 

^^^TusBniATtQiJE, sm. antiaathnaticy good 

19 



ANT 

I ■ 

Aktichambrs, sf. an antechamhtfj it hall* 
ANTicaaisE, {f. Our.) an antichre«s« a mor^ 

gage. 
ANTxc^RiriEir, adj. antichristian. 
Alntichbistianisme, sm, anticnristianjcniy <ip* 

position to Christianity. 
Anticipation, rf, anticipation, foremtte. Bw 

anti^pation, adv. exp. beforehand, , b^x^ thlV 

expiration of th^ time. 
Anticiper, va. to anticipate, to prevent, tp pre* 

elude. Anticiper un paiaient, to pay a debt 

before it is due. 
Anticour, sf. a fore-yard. 
Anticonstitutionnsl, o^;. antiooostitiUiiaidiv 

against the constitution. 
Antidate, {/'. antedate, anticipatioiu 
Antioatbr, vd,. to antedate. 
Antidote, sm, an antidote, a connterpoiioilj 

a preservative. i 

Antisnne, sf. an anthem. Unt tritU antimsM, 

a melancholy piece of news. 
Ant>epileptiq u e, ^4;. andx. antiepileptic : goo4 

against epilepsy. 
Antifebrile, aHy. and i. aatifebrito* goOlf 

against fever. 

Antihbctique, a4/. and«. antiheetic, afmadr 

, againqt consumption. 
Antiiiypoconoriaque, adj, and s, an^ypO" 

chondriac, antisplenetic. 
Antih ystbriqu e, a4f . and ^ aittihy«t<|Kic, gMtf 

against hysterics. 
Antilooie, sf, antilogy, a «0"*CT/^fftkm h^ 

tween two words or passages. 

AntiministAriel, (uff . antinunisteiial* op^gimiOg 
the mini&txy. 

Antimoine, sm, (min.) antimony. 

AnTIMONABCHIQUE, od/. Mi «;Jw^An| |y^hji ^^ 

Antimonial, adj. (min. and med.) antimoniiL 
Antinational, adj, antinational. 
Antinomie, if.a contradiction between twolawi* 
Antipape, sm. an antipope. 
Antiparalytique, adj. antipazalyticy effica^* 

cious against the palsy. 
Antipathie, sf. antipathy, reluctance ^aveiri<nu 
Antipathiqub, a^j. antipathic. 
Antipbristase, rf. (rhet.) antiperiataais, the 

action of two opposite qualities. 
Antipestilentiel, adj. antipestilential. 
Antiphate, sm, a species of Dlack'corai. 
ANTripHOKiER or Antiphonairb, sm. an aati<« 

phonal, a book of anthems. 
Antiphrase, sf. antiphrasis, a conntertmth* 
Antipodal, o^;. antipodal. Le mMdieBOinti* 

podal, the antipodal meridian. 
Antipode, mi. on antipode. Uantipode diuim 

ssns, a contradiction to common sense. 
AntipoAtique, adj. antipoetical. 
Antiptose, sf. (gr.) antiptosis, a case put Ibr 

another. 

Aktipurxtain, im. antiparitan, an oppoiar of 

puritans. 
Antiputrxdb, a4i* antiputrid. 
Antiquaille, if. an antique, an old' atnff ^ 

rubbish. 
Antiquaire, sm, an antiquary, an antiqnarian, 

a man well Tftiaed in antiquity : a collector 

of antiques. 
ANTiQtrs, sf. »n antiqn«» aa aackat r^ii^* 
C % 



APE 

AnrtotTs, adj. antiqtie, old. 

ANTiQuiri, <f. tntiquitVf old times, old age : 

the people, the remains of old tiipes. 
Anti Rkvo LUTioNN AIR E, «m.a]iantireyolationist. 
AjfTiaivoLUTioNTi'AiREl adj. antireToliitionarj'. 
Aktisallb, if, an anteroom. 
Antisaczr DOTAL, adj. antisacerdotal. 
Anti8cien8, tm, pi, antiscii, the people who in- 
habit different sides of the equator. 
Antiscorbutique, adj, antiscorbutic, good 

ftgainst the scurvj. 
Antiscrophuleux, adj, antiscrofiilous, good 

against the scrofula. 
Anti9eptique, a^j, antiseptic, counteracting 

putrefaction. 
AKTispASMODiQUE, ^adj, antispasmodical, good 

against spasms. 
Antistrophs, sf. an antistrophe. 
Antisyphilitique, adj, antisiphylitic, anti- 

▼enereal. 
Antisocial, adj. antisocial, averse to society. 
AntithAse, sf, (rket.) an antithesis, opposition 

of words or sentiments. 
ANTiTHiriQUE, adj, antithetical, placed in 

contrast. 
'ANTiv&NiRiEN, adj, antivenereal. 
Antiv^roliqu E, a4/. good against the small-pox. 
•Aktoiser, {gard,) to pile up dung, to make a 

dunghill. 
JIntoit, sm, (^mar,) wrainiog, bolt or staff. 
Antonomase, sf. (rftfft.) antonomasia, the sub- 
■ • «titotion of a'common name for a proper name. 
Antrb, sf. anantre, a cave, a den . 
'Anuitkr (S*), vr, to be benighted ! to stay too 

late. Ne vous anuitez pas, do not stay too' 

late on the road. 
Anus, sm, the anus. 
ANziBTi, sf, anxiety, perplexity, trouble of 

mind. 
.Aoriste, sm, (gr»y aorist. 
AoRTE, sf. (anat.) aorta, the biggest artery. 
AotyT, sm. August. La mi-aout, the middle of 

August : the harvest, the harvest-time. 
^otTER, va. to ripen. ' '^ 

AoOteron, sm. a reaper, a harvest-man. 
vApagogie, sf, apagogy, apagoge. 
Apaoogique, adj, apagogical. 
Apaiser, va. to appease, to calm, to ease, to 

soften : to pacify, to assuage, to allay. Apau 

ser UM rSvoUe, to quash a rebellion. Apaiter 

une sedition, to suppress a sedition. 
Apaiser (S*), vr. to be appeased, to allay one's 

passion, to grow calm. 
Apakage, sm. appannage, appendage. 
- Apanages, va. to assignor settle an estate. 
Apanagiste, sm. a prince on whom an estate 

has been settled. 
'.ApARTi,fm. (fat.) aside. 
Apatbie, sf, apathy, want of feeling : indolence. 
Apathiqub, adj, apathetic, without feeling, 

indolent. 
Apbpsib, sf, (phf.) f^ps^f, indigestion. 
-.Apbrcevablx, adj, perceivable. 
Apercevoie, va. to perceive, to discern, to 

descry. 
. Apbrcbvoir (S'), or. to perceive, to find out, 

to discover. 
Apfiftcu, snitA sketch, » glimpae, 
20 



APO 

ApBRfttp, adj. it s. ifhy,) aperitive, opening. 
ApiTALE, adj. (hot.) apetalous, without petals 

or flower-leaves. 
Apbtissement, sm, diminution, "lessening. 
Apbtisser, va. to diminish, to lessen. 
ApnJiLiE, sm, (a<t.) aphelion. 
ApHKRJtsE, sf, (rhtt/) aphsferesis, retrench" 
ment of a letter from the beginning of a word. 
Aphonie, sf. (phy.) aphony, loss of speech. 
Aphorisme, sm, an aphorism, a sentence, a 

maxim. 
Aphoristiqup, adj. apfaoristical. 
Aphte, sfii. a s;nall ulcer in the mouth. 
Api, (pomme d*) sf. a small red apple. 
Apiquer, va, (mar.) to top a sail-yard. 
ApItoyer, va. to move to pity, to compassion- 
ate, to odBTect. 
Apitoyer (S'), vr. to be moved to pity. 
Aplanbr, va. to nap, to raise the nap of a doth 

with thistles. 
Aplanevr, mi. a carder. 
Aplanir, va. to plain, to plane, to level, to 
make even : to ezpluin, to make easy. Apla- 
nir Ifs diJficuUet, to remoye difficulties. 
Aplanir (S*), to grow smooth or easy. 
Aplanissei^ent, sm. levelling, miiking smooth 

or even. 
Aplanisseur, sm. a leveller. 
Aplatir, va. to, flatten. 
Aplatiss^ment, sm. Hattening, making flat. 
Aplester,' t'a. i^mar.) to un&l, to unrig the 

sails. 
ApLOMBfSm. level ; a perpendicular line : steadi- 
ness. D*aplomb, upright, perpendicularly. 
Apnbe, tf. (p/ti(.)want of breathing. 
Apoc A LY PSK, sf'.the Apocalypse, Revelation, the 

last book of the sacred canon. 
Apocope, sf, (gr.) an apocope, an apocopy. 
Apocrypije, adj. apocryphal. Les livres apo- 

crypkes, the apocrypha m the Bible. 
Apodictiqub, adj. {gr.) apodictical, demon- 
strative. 
Apoc BE, sf. (act.) apogee, apogason, or apo- 

geum ; the summit. 
Apoorap>ie, sm. the copy of sm autographical 

document, a transcript. 
Apologbtique, adj. apologetic, apologetical. 
ApoLOGiEt sf. an apology, an excikse : a de- 
fence, a plea. 
Apologiste, sm.,an apologist, a defender. 
Apologue, sm. an apologue, a moral tale, a 

fable. 
Aponbvrose, wf. (anat.y aponeurosis. 
Apophth^ue, sm. an apophthegm, aremarica- 

/blesayiilg. , , 
Apoplbctique, adj, apoplectic, apoplectical. 
Apoplexie, sf. apoplexy. ApopUxis d» sang, a 

sangruineoua apoplexy . 
Apostasie, sf. an apostasy, a defection. 
Apostasier, tMi. to apostatise, to forsake one'n 

profession or principles. 
Apostat, sm, an apostate: a recreant^ a re- 

negado. 
Aposri^ME, sm (chir.) an aposteme or apostume, 

an abscess. 
Aposter, va. to put, to lay in ambuscade-: to 

suborn, to seduce or gain by bribery, 
AposTiLLATBUR, sffi. (7ur.)a& aoiiotator. 



APP 

AmstiuIi if. a note in the margin of a writ- 
iag : a postscript in a letter. 

Apostilleb, m. to write notes on the margin. 

Apostolat, sm, apostleship. 

Apostouque, adj, apostolic, apostolical. 

ApoflTouQuzMENT, apostolically. 
AposTioPHE, tf. an apostrophe. 
ApotrmopBER, tfa, to put an apostrophe. Apo- 

stnfker quelqu'un, to address hj an apo- 
strophe : to hlame, to affront. 
ApositrxE, sf^ an apostome, an aposteme. 
AposTUMEa, m. to apostematOi to becomes an 

ipoateme. 
Apotbbose, ff, apotheosis, deification. 
ApoTBiCAiBB, sm. an apothecary, a druggist. 
Apotbicaibebxe, sf. an apothecary|s profes- 

sioo : an apothecary's shop. 
Ap^BE, tm, apostle. Bon apetre, a merryman, 

a hypocrite. 
ApoziiiE, jm. (pAy.) an apoiem, a decoction. 
AppABjiiTBE, vn. to appear. Jl apparait, it 

appeals. 
Appabat, MB. pompons preparation, pomp. 
Appabacx, jm.p^(iiMir.) all the appertenances 

cf a ship, such as sails, rigging, tackle, yards, 

sodgnna. 
ArpABEZL, SM. preparation; equij[>age; dis- 
play : all thinffs necessary for a chimrgical 

operation, or the dressing of a wound. 
AppABBiLLAGB, SM. (BUfT.) the Btt OT manner of 

getting a ship under sail. 
Appabeillbb, va. to match. 
Appabeilleb, vb« and a. (fNan) t4>set sail, to 

weigh, to get under weigh. AppareiUer une 

sBcre , to dear an anchor. 
Appabeille|7B, tm. the workman who matches 

tbe stones for a building. 
Appabeilleusb, tf, a procuress, a bawd. 
Appabbmment, adv. ajqpaiently, likely, to all 



Appabbncb, sf. an appearance, a sign, a likelx- 

kood : (oft.) B phenomenon. En uppairence, 

sdv. apparentlj. 
Appabebt, adf, apparent, plain, erident, ob- 

rioos : eminent, considerable. 
Appabbbtb, atU- allied, related to. 
Appabbhteb (§'), vr. to become related to, or 

aOiedwith. 
Appabbsseb, tw. (oAi. and /am.) to make dull, 

•rbay. 
AppabieiI^nt, $m, matching or pairing. 
AppABiEB, va. to match, to pair. 
Appaiieb (S*), vr. (tpeaking of animals) to 

couple. 
Appabitevb, tm, a beadle. 
Appabitiok, s/V apparition, appearance, a yi- 

aoD, a spirit, a ghost. 
Appaboib, vn. and drf, to appear, to be endent, 

// tppert, Qur,) it appears, it is obvious. 
AppABOKEB, m. (a commercial word prfnci- 

paOy used in the South of France) to gauge, 

to measure. 
Appabtcmbkt, m. ' an apartment, lodgings, 

raoBs, a floor. Log^r au premier, an gecotid 

eppmrtewutU, or simply au premier, au second, 

to occupy the first or second flopr. 
AppAiTxiiAKcz, sf. anpertenance, appendage : 
»i depexMlency. 
«1 



.APP 

Appartcnant, adJ, belonging to. 
Appartenib, va. to appertain, to belong: to ha 

related to. Jl appartient, (imp.) it becomes* 

it behoves. 
Appas, sm. pL charms, attractives, allurement 

Let appas des plaitirs, the allurement of 

pleasures. 
AppIt, tm. bait, decoy : attractive, allurement* 
AppAter, va. to allure, to bait : to feed anl* 

mals, infants, or helpless persons. 
Appauvrir, va. to make poor, to impoverish* 
Appauvbir (S*), w. to grow poor. 
AppA0VRi88EMENT,<m. impoverishment: decay. 
Appeav, sm. a bird-call, a decoy-bird. 
Appel, sm. an appeal, a challenge : a call. 
Appelant, sm, a decoy-bird. ' 

Appbl*n«.^; }>>•«■ .he who q>i)M]«. 

Appellatip, a(j{j. (gr.) appellative. 

Appellation^)^, an appellation, aname : (Jur.y 
appeal, appealing. 

Appeler, ya. to call, to name, to call over, to 
surname. Appeler en justice, to summon jur 
dicially. Appeler en duel, to challenge, to 
send a challenge to. Appeler d*une sentence 
to appeal from a verdict. 

Appeler (S*), vr. to be called. II s'appelU, hil 
name is. Nous nous appelons, our name is. 

Appendice, sm. an appendix, a supplement* 

Appbndre, va. to append, to hang up. 

Appentis, sm. a pentice, a shed, aii outhouse*' 

Afpesantir,. va. to make heavy or dull. 

Appesantir (S*), vr. to press or lie heavy: to 
grow dull : to dwell too long on or upon. 

Appesanti88£Mbnt, tm. heaviness, weight: 
dulness. , 

Appbtence, «f. appetence, appetency : appeti« 
tion, desire. 

Appbteb, va. to covet, to wish. 

App^tible, adj. appetible, desirable. 

App^tissant, adj. relishing : lovely, desirable. 

AppAtit, sm. appetite, hunger, stomach : do;* 
sire, longing. L*app^tit vitnt en mangeant, 
the more one 'has, the more one would 
have. 

AppiTiTip, adj. appetitive. 

AppiriTiON, sf, appetition» desire. 

Applauoir, va. e( n« to applaud, to praise. 

Applauoir (S'), vr. to Kel satisfaction at : to 
applaud oneself. 

Applaudissement, sm, applause, praise. 

Applaudisseur, sm, an applaader. It ismosti/ 
taken in a bad sense. 

Applicable, adj. applicable. 

ApplicIation, tf. application : attention ofmind* 

Applique, sf, inlaying. Pieces d*appligue, in- 
laid work'. 

Appliqder, va. to apply, to put, to set, to lay on 
or upon. Appliquer des sangtues, to apply 
leeches. Appliquer A la question, to pot tp 
the rack. Appliquer un soujlet, to give a slap 
on the fdce. 

Appliquer (S')i vr. to study, to apply oneself 
to : to attribute to oneself. 

Appoint, sm. (cow.) odd money, the comple- 
ment of a sum in small change. 

Appointrhent, <m.an allowADce, a salary ; pjt 
order, a decree. 



'ApP9nfTSv»rr8, in, pL wag«g, salary. 
APPO^NT^B, va, to appoint, to ordam, to de- 
* fired : to give a saluy. Appointor un$ eauM, 

(Jur,) to refer a caase. 
APPOiNTEURy <m. (Jur.) a judge who p|it8 off 

tke hearing of a cauae to favour one of the 

parties. 
APFOBT, fm. a market, a market-place. 
Jlpportaob, fm. carriage, porterag^e. 
Ap^ortbr, va. to bring, to convey : to causer 

t6 produce, to allege. 
Apfoser, vfi. to put, to set. Appaaer U $celU, 

to seal, to put the seal to. 
Apposition, tf; apposition, accretion. 
AppiticiABLB. adj, (mus.) appreciable. 
AppRiciATEUB, sm. an appraiser. 
ApPBiciATip, adj. estimative. 
AppBiciATiON, tf. valuation, appraising. 
A^PHiciEB, va. to aj^preciac^, to estimate : to 

ajypraise, to vidue. 
AppRiHENDEB, va. to apprehend, to dread : to 

. arrest, to lay hold of, to seize by a mandate. 
AppRiHENSiF, adj. apprehensive, fearful, timo- 

rdus. 
Apprehension, $f. apprehension, fear, dread : 

jperception, unaerstanding. 
Apprendre, tja. to learn, to teach. Apprendre 

S' sr cttur, to learn by heart : to hear, to un- 
erstand : to' inform, to advise. 

Apprenti, sm.\ _ .«-.-«-^i«a « «*.«;-- • 
Apprentie,././ ^ apprentice, a novice, a 

learner. 
Apprentissage, sin, an apprenticeship : a trial. 
. Faire $on apprentissage, to serve one's time : 

to learn at one's own expense. Mettre en 
; ajiprenliMagf^ to bind apprentice. Brevet d'ap^ 

prentissage, an apprentice's indenture. 
ApprAt, sm, (generally tued in the plural), pre- 

'paration. Faire de grands appritSy to make 

great preparations. Appret des viandes, the 

cooking or dressing of meals. 
ApprAt^ ff. (more commonly mo!}illette), a 
. thin and long slice of bread. 
AppRiTFR, va. to prepare, to get ready: to 

cook, to dress. 
ApprAteb (3'), vr. to get ready, to prepare 

onesel/*. Apreter sL rire, to afford matter for 
. laughing. 

AppRBTEUR,im. a preparer. 
Appbivoissment, wn. (o6s.) taming. 
Apprivoiser, va, to tame, to make tame or 

familiar. ' 
Apprivoiser (S*), vr. to grow tame or fiuniliar. 

Approbateur, sm, 1 ._ «" ^-n.^^- 
\ ' . > an approver. 

ApprobatricEi sf, J ^'^ 

Approbatif, adj. approbative, approving. 
Appbobation, ^. approbation. 
AppROchant, followed by de, a^, somew|iat 

like : adv. and prep, near, near about. 
^PBOCHE, sm, approach, access. Approdies 

d^wn nigjSt the approaches (in a siege), Une 

lunette d'approehe, a telescope. 
Approcber, va, to approach, to bring near or 

draw* Approcher quelqu'un, to have access 

€D, to be in favour with. 
Appboohbr, vn, to be like. 
^pAocher (S'), vr, to apph>ach, to come 



n 



AQU 

Appbofondib, ta, to sudce deeper; to search 

into, to examine closely, to dive into. 
Appropondissement, sm. (o6«.) a digging 

deeper : diving ihto, close examination. 
Appropriance, sf. (Jur,) the taking posSes- 

aion of. 
Appropriation, sf. appropriation, the appro- 
priating to oneself. I 
App RopRiBR,tu.toapprdpriBte,to adapt,to apply, 

to fit up genteely. 
Approprier (S*), vr. to impropriate, to con* 

vert to one's private use. 
AppRouyER, va, to approve* to allow : to con- 
sent to. 
Ap p Ro VI sioN N EM ENT, sm. a supply of provisions. 
Approvisionner, va. to provide, to supply with 

provisions. 
Approximatif, a<{f. approximate, by approxi- 
mation. 
Approximation, sf. approximation, approach 

to any thing. 
Appoxihativement, adv. by approximation. 
Appur, sm. a prop, a stay: aid, protection: a 
protector, a defender. Alter a Vapvui, to 
back, to second, to iavour. Point d*appiti, 
prop, basis : A hauteur d'apput,breast-heig1it. 
Appvi-main, sm. a painter's maul-stick, a lean- 
ing stick. 
Appuyer, va. to prop, to stay, to support: to 
protect, to &Tour : to countermand, to defend. 
Appuyer, vn. to press or d;»vell upon. 
Appvyer (S'), vr. to leaii upon : to trust to, 

to rely upon. 
Apre, adj. rough,, uneven : hard, severe : sour, 

bitter: austere, rigid : tenacious. 
Apremen-^, adv. harshly, roughly, sharply, 

greedily, eagerly. 
Apr its, adv. |md prep, after, next to: upon; 
about. Courir apres, to run after. Are avres, 
to be about. Apre: vous, after you. Apr^s 
coup, too late. Ci-apres, hereafter. 
Apr^s (D'), prep. to, from. D*apres nature, from 
nature. D'apres la coutuTM, after the cus- 
tom. D^apres Raphael, from an original Of 
Raphael. 
Apr is QUE, conj, when, after, as soon as. 
Apr&8 quoi, adv, after that, after which, after- 
wards. 
Apr^s-demain, adv, the day after to-morrow. 
ApR^s-DiNis, sf. the time after dinner. 
Apr&s-midi, sf. the afternoon. 
Apb^-8oupbe, sf, the time from supper till 

one goes to bed. 
Apretib, sf, asperity, acidity, sourness : auste* 

rity, harshness, severity. 
Apsides, sm, pi. (ast.) apsia, two points in the 

orbits of planets. 
Apte, didj, apt, fit to or for. 
Aptitude.. ff. aptitude, aptness, disposition. 
ApuBEMENT, sm, the closing of an account, i 
Apu RBB, va. to close an account : to cleanse gold. 
Apyrx, a^. (chim,) apyrous, incombustible. 
Apyre^ie, sj, (phy,) apyrexy, ijutermission of 

a fever or ague. 
Aq u A R E i/LS, Sf. water-eoloura. 
Aquati^e, aqj. aquatile, aquatic or aquatics]. 
AotJA-TtNTA, if, aqoa-tiiitB, i specias of en- 
graving. 



ARe 

AftPiTiQiTS, tu^» aqva^c: water/, manliy: 
gtoring ia or near, the water. Oimoux 
AfMtijMf, waterfttwla. 

A«c£Dvc, m. an aqaeduct, a water-eondttit. 
A^uxuz, adj, aqueous, watery. 
AQuiLiN/u(;.aqailine. NezaquiUnjBLKomajnikcIke, 
Aqvilox, tm, aquilon, t]»e i^ortli-wind. 
Aqctzioivaxrb, orff. northerly. 
Aquilons (lea), aBi.jii. the aquilons, the cold 

wiadfl. 
AiA or Ajias, mi. a jarrot with a long tail. 
AiABB, sm, an ArahiaA, th€| Arahic : (Jam.) a 

griping Mlow, a Jew. 
Ab.ibe, adj. Arahian, Arahic. 
Abibesqve, adi, (orcfc.) relating to the arehi- 

teetara of the Arafat : Arahian^ Langua^ 

ientmrt AroAetfiM, the Arabian language or 

handwriting. 
Aeabbs^ves, am. pL (arek,) arabesques, ona- 

aeats in jiainluig and statuary after the 

Axabian style. 
Ababiqus, adj» Arabic, A rabical,. Arabian* 
Ababismb, sm, (fr.) an Arabic idiom. 
AsiiBLB, a^/. arable, fit for tillage. 
Abaci or Rack, jm. arraclc or rack. 
Abaicnb, rf. a net to catch thrushes and black- 
birds. 
Abaicx&b, j|f. a spider, a cobweb : a sort of 

ihetlfiah. ToiU d'araipt^e, a cobweb : (mar») 

crow feet of the tops. 
Abaibb, jjf. a plough for a rosael. 
Abambigb, sm^ the grappling of a sbip. 
Abaxbxb, va, (iNsr.^ to grapple a ship. 
Abasbmxnt, sm. (arek,) lereUing, nuule even. 
Abaibb, vs. to leYely to make^ven. 
ABBALESTnii.i.x, rf, (nutr.) fore-staff. 
Abbal^b, sf, a cross-bow: (mar,) Jacob's 

stiUr, eross-statf. 
ABriL^HisB, m. a cross-bowman. 
ABBnuAox, sm. arbitratian, arbitrament. 
AsBiTBAinB, adf. voluntary : arbitrary, ab- 

■olote, despotic. ^ It is alio used as a sub- 

stattv^. 
Abbitb AiBBMENT, odv, arbitrarily, despotically. 
AaBiTaAL, adj* determined by an uippire. Sen- 

ientt arlntnd^f an umpire*s award. ' 
ABBrraALSJCBHT, aJr. by arbitration. 
AaBrrBATEun, sm, an arbitrator, an umpii^. 
Abbitbatiok, i^. (Jur,) arbitration. 
Abbitrb, sm. an arbiter, an arbitrator, an um- 

phe. Libra or frame arfriirs, free w^. 
ABBiTaER, va. to arbitrate, to giro judgment, 

tft act as an umpire. 
Abbobeu. va, to set up, to hoist. Arbcrer pa' 

v*Uo», to hoist a flag : to embrace an opinion 

srpartr. 
AaBoaisi, a^, leared, tufted. 
AaBORtsTB, sm, (agr,) an arborist. 
Abbocsb, ^, die fruit of the arhute. 
Abboitsieji, sm. the ai^ute, the strawberry-tree. 
AaaotTssB, ^. the water melon of Astracan. 
AsEBB, an. a tree i a beam, a mast. Jr6re g^n^a- 

li^pftts, a genealogical tree. Arhre de ia erois, 

the cross. 
AuaosBAU. sas. a shrub, a bush. 
AEspaTBy jm. an arbuscle, a little shrub. 
Aic, OB. a bow : sh arch, an arc or aeginent of 

a eiitfe. Jtre de tfiompHi, a" trhihiplial arch. 



ARft 

AitCADx, rf, an arcade, an arcfi* 

Arcane, sm. ((f^im.) arcanum, a mysterioasf 
operation, a secret. 

Arc ANSON, sm, coloph^y, a kind of rdsin. 

Arcassx, ^, (tnar.y the stem frame. 

Aac-BouTANT, im. a buttress, a support: a ring-' 
leader. * 

Arc-soutbr, va, to prop with a buttresa, to 
support. 

Arcjpau, sm. the arch of a rault. 

Aac-BN-c|XL, sm. a rainbow* Dei arct-sa«ciei^ 
pi. rainbows. , 

AacHAisME, sm, (oia.) arcaism, an old word. 

Arcual, sm. Cfil d') wire, brassrrire. 

Archangb, sm. an archangel.^ 

Arcue, sm. an arch. Varehe de Na^, "Sodix^i 
ark. Varcha d^aUiance, the ark of thd cot»- 
nant. 

Archblbt, sm. a drillbow. 

Archsolooie, sf. archaiology. 

Arcbbologique, ddj. arbhaiologic. 

Archbologue, sm. a prpfessor of archaiology* 

ARCHBR^sm. an archer, a bowman: aconstaAoy 
abaiUff. 

Archet, sm, a bow, a fiddlestick: atumer^s 
pole or bow. 

ARCBiTYPB, sm, an archetype, a model, an orio 
gimd.. 

AacHEvicBi, im. an archl^ishopric. 

AacBBviQUE, 'sm. an archbishop, 

Arcri, a Greek word, which, added to an iid|ec« 
^Ve, gives it the strength«of the superlative: 
arch, great, chief: (fam.) Areh^out arch-mad. 

Archioiaconat, sm. aTchaeaconship. 

Arcbidiaconb, sm. arcbdeaner]^, arcndeacon r y. 

AacHZfiiACRBy sm. an archdeacon. 

Arciiiouc, sm, an archduke. 

Archiducb^, sm. an archdukedom. 

AncBiDucBEssE, sf, BU arcliduchess. 

Arcbt4piscOpax, adj, archiepiscopaU ' 

ARcaiipiscoPAT, sm, an arctuepiscepacy. 

Aacbimavdritb, sm. an archimandrite. 

Arcuipel, sm. an archipelago, a sea abounding 
in small islands. . 

Arcbipompe, ^. (mar.) a well in a shij^. 

Arcbipresbiteral, adj, archipreahitenal. 

ArcbiprAtre, sm, an archpriest. 

AacnipRiTRi, sm. archpiiesthood : tne arch- 
priest's dwelling. 

Arcbitscte, sm. an architect. 

Architectonxque, sf, the art o^ building. 

Arcbitectonzque, adj, architectonical, having 
skill in architecture. 

Arcbxtecture, sf. architecture, the art or sci- 
ence of constructing and adorning a buildiny. 

Arcbitrave, sf. (ardi,) sJQ architrave. 

A'rcbitresorier, sm. a high-treasurer. 

Arcbitrici.iv, sm, the steward at a feast. 

Arcbives, sf. pi. archives, records. 

Arcbiviste, sm, a keeper of the records. 

Arcbivolte, sf. (arch.') an archivaulU 

Arcbontat, sm, the office of archon. 

Arcbontb, sm. an archon, a magistrate in Athens. 

Ar^oi^T, sm. a saddle-bow. Perdre Us arsons, to 

' be unhorsed, to loose tiie traces, to be at a 
loss. 

Arctiqub, at^, arctic, norfham* 

Abd^lion, sm. (/am, «nd ohs,) a busybody. 



AR6 

Abdskmskt, adv» trdently. ^ 

AxoBNT* Ml. (a mettor'), an ignis ijiitaiis, will- 

o'-the-wiip. 
Ardbmt. oJ;. ardent, violent : Tehement, eager. 
AaDSuB, ffTardour, ardency, ferrency, feiroor, 
heat : Tehemence, eagerness, love, passion : 
nettle, fire. Ardeur d*entrailUs, a burning 
in one'e bowels. Ardeur de cceur, beart- 
baming. Vardeur du eonibat, the beat of 
the battle, ^^ardjewr dun ekewd, tbe mettle 
' of a borse; 
Ardillon, sm. tbe tongne of a bnokle. 
Ardoxse, if. a slate. 
AuDOxsii, adj* of a slate colour. 
, AsDOisiiRE, ff*. a quarry of Vilate. 
Abdbe or Ardbr, va. (oAi.) to bum. 
Ardv, adj, arduous, difficult, tougb. 
Are, «m. an are, tbe unity of tbe new French 

superficial measure. 
AaiAOE, «in. tbe measuring of land by ares. 
Arec or Ar&qub, mi. areca, an Indian fruit- 
tree, tbe cacbou. 
Ar&paction, sf. arefaction,' drying. , 
ArAne, if, sand, gpravel : an amphitheatre. 
AaiiNER, vn. {ari^,) 'to sink under too much 

weighty 
ArAneux, adi, {joht.) sandy, 
Arbole, if, (anat.) areola. 
ARioMiTRB, sm. an areometer, an instrument 
. to measure the density of a liquid. 
AaioPAGE, fsi. the Areopagus, tbe highest 

court at Athens. 
Ar£opagite, mi. an areopagite, a senator or 

judge in the court of tbe Areopagus. 
ARiofiQUB, adj. (jphy.) areotic, efficacious in 

opening the pores, 
Arbr, iw. to measure by the are : (marm) to 

drag or drive the anchor. 
ARftrB,ff. a fish-bone : anangle,tbeangularside. 
AR^rcRR, Ml. (with earpenUrt) a hip-comer. 
AniroLooxE, «f. aretoiogy, that part of philo- 
sophy which treats of virtue. 
AnoANEAU, Ml. (mar.) a ring-bolt, an iron-ring. 
Arobnt, mi. silver. Mine d* argent, silver 
mine. Argent viettge, silver-ore. V if -ardent, 
quick silver. VaisteUe d'arfent, plate, silver 

flats : Money, cash. Je nai point d* argent, 
have no money, ilrgent hlane, silver. Ar- 

gent eomptant, ready money. Argent mignon, 

pocket-money. Argent mort, £sd money. 

Somt argent, pennyless. Un hourreau d*ar- 

gent, a speoduirift, a prodigaL 
Arobvtbr, va. to silver over. 
Aroentbur, mi. one who makes plated goods. 
Arobntbrib, tf. plate, silver-plate. 
Aroentbvx, adf (fam.) a monied man. 
Argbntier, mi. a house-steward, he who has 

the care of the plate. 
Aroevtin, adj. silver-like, silver coloured: 

canorous, clear. 
Argei«tinb, tf. (bot.) silver-weed, wild tansy. 
Argbnturb, rf. silver-plating. 
Argilb, ff. argil, potter's clay. 
Argileux, adj. argillons, connstingof clay. 
AnoxLiiRB, rf. a clay-pit." 
Argot, mi. slang, gibberish : the end of a 

dead branch. 
Aeootbr» vd. to cot the dead part ofiTu bnoich. 
f4 



ARM 

Arooulbt, <si« a vagabond, a low fellow. 
Argocsik, mi. a gaUey-seijeant. 
Argue, mi. a wire-drawing machine. 
Arover, vn. (Jur.) to argue, to ccmtradiet: to 

blame, to reprove. 
Argument, mi, an argument: a proof: a sub- 
ject or summary. 
Argumemtant, mi. the opponent in pnbUc 

disputation. h 

Argumbntateur, mi. an arguer. 
Argumentation fif'. argumentation, reasoning. 
Aroumenter, va. to argue, to reason : to con-' 
. dude, to infer. 

Argus, tm. an arg^s, a clear-sighted man : a spy. 
Argutie, rf. arguteness, acuteness: a quirk, 

a cavil. 
Arianismb, ifi. Arianism, the heresy of Arius. 
Abide, adj, arid, dry : barren, unfruitful. 
AriditA, rf aridi^, dryness : barrenness, nn* 

fruitfulness. 
Ariens, mi. (a $eet), the Arisns. 
Aries, mi. (ast.) aries, tbe ram, one of the signs 

of the Zodiac. 
Ariette, rf. in arietta, a lively song. 
Arigot or Larigot, «m. (a kind rffif*) i it is 
only used in : Chanter, hoirea tirt larigot, to 
sing or drink merrily. ^ 

Aristarqub, mi. a bypercritic. ^. 

Abistochate, Mt. an' aristocrat, an adherent to 

aristocracy. 
Aristocratie, rf. aristocracy. 
ARi8TOCRATiQUE,ai2;. aristocratic, aristocratical. 
Ari^ocratiquement, adv. aristocratically. 
ARisTooiiMocRATXB, rf, aristodemocracy. 
Aristodbhocratique, adi. aristodemocratical, 
Aristoloche, rf. (6at.) birthwort, hartwort. 
ARiTUMiticiEM, Ml. BR arithmetician. 
AniTHMikTiQUE, rf. arithmetic. 
ARiTHMi^TiQUB, adj. arithmetical, 
ARiTHMiTiQUEMENT,'adv. arithmetically. * 
Arlequin, Ml. a hariequin. 
ARLEQuiNADE,<f'.hartequin'stricks,buffoonery. 
Arm AND, Ml. a drench for a sick horse. • 
Armateur, mi. a privateer, the owner of a pri- 
vateer : a ship-owner. 
Armature, tf. iron bars used to fasten tim- 
ber-work. 
Arme» rf. an' arm, a weapon. Arme d feu, a 
fire-azm. Arme de trait, a bow, a cross-boit'. 
Arme blanche, such as the sword, tlie halberd, 
-and the pike. Armet, pi. a military life, 
armour aims, coat of arms. Mattre d^armet, 
ou en fait d* armet, a fencing master. Patter 
par let armet, to shoot. Faire tet premiertt 
armet, to go to tlie army for the first time. 
Arm^e, rf, an aimy. Arm^e novate, n fieet. 
Armeline, sfi ermine. 

Armembnt, Ml. an armament : warlike prepa- 
rations : the fitting out of a ship. 
AakER, va. to arm, to provide with arms. Ar- 
mer un futil, un pittolet, to cock a gun, a 
pistol. Armer un vaitteau, to fit out a ship* 
Armer, vn, to arm, to take to arms. 
Armer (S'), vr, to arm oneself,- to tske up 

arms : to muster up courage. 
Armet, tm, a helmet, a bead-piece : the head. 
ARMiLLAiRE^ad;. armillary.. Sphere armiUaire, 

aa anaiUaxy ^ere, a hoUow globe» 



ARR 

ARvitLEs, ^, pi. (arehn) amnilata,. the saaU 
■qvire memben in the Done capital. 

AtMiSTicz, im, an armiatiee, a short trace. 

Abxoibe, tf', a clothes-preaa : a cupboard. 

Armojriea, if, pi, (Aer.) arms, a coat of arma. 

AixoiSE, «f, (a plant) mngwort. 

Armoisix or A.RMOZIV, tm, sarcenet. 

Aivov, «i. the forchei of a coach. 

Abjiobial, sm. an armorial, a book of heraldry. 
VMrmarial ide la Grande Br^tagne, the peer- 
age of Great Britain. 

Abxobieb, va. to draw, to paint, or engrave 
costs of aims. 

Arhobistb, $m, an armoriat, one sl^lled in 
bexaldry. 

Asm V RE, {^. an armour, defensive arms. 

Abmubieb, «m. an armourer, a gunsmith. 

Abomitb, sm. aroma, a perfume extracted from 
phots, the odorant principle of plants. 

AaoMA-nQrE, adj. aromatic, fragrant, spicy. 

Akobatisation, rf, aromatisation, the ming- 
ling of aromatic spices with any medicine. 

Abomatisbb, va, to .aromatize, to scent with 
Bpiees, to perfume. 

AbONDB, ^. for HlBONDELLE, B SWbHoW (witk 

tarpenten). Queue tVarondet a swallow's tail. 
AioyoBLAT, em, a young swallow. 
Abo!iobi.l^, $f. pL a general sea- term for 

saiall Tesaels. 
Akpaillbvb, em. a gold-searcher. 
ABrBGExu6t» em, (mtu.) arpeggio, arpeggia- 

mento. 
AspBCEB, vr. (mtu.) to plav an arpeggio. 
Akpekt, em. an acre of land. 
Abpbntaoe, em. land-sunrey, surveying. 
Aepextbb, «a, to survey land: (Jam,) to 

walkfaat. 
AipEVTEUB, sm. a land-surveyor. 
ABoiri, adj. arcuate, bent like an arch. 
Abqdebdsade, ef, the shot of an arquebuse. 

£aii d*arquAueade, arquebusade ^mtcr. 
Abqcebv»e, ef, an arquebuse, a handgun. 
Aequbbvsbb, va, to shoot itith an arquebuse : 

to shoot to death. 
AiQfEBvsERiB, tf, the business of a ginsmith. 
AiQviBvsiEB, xM.an arquebusier : a gunsmith. 
AiQUEB, va, to bend in the form of a bow. 
Abqceb, va. (S*), vt, to become bent.'^ 

AlBACBEMEXT,' SSI. (orck,) pulllOg OT pluck- 

iag out : tootliing. 

Arbacheb, va. to root out, to tear out, to pluck 
ip : to extoit, to wrest out, to obtain with 
tioubleor diiBculty^: to force er snatch from. 
Arracker nn eeeret a ^ue/^ii'un, to get a secret 
fram one. Arracher une jent, to draw a tooth. 

ARRAniEB (S*) de, to detach oneself from, to 
•bandon with reluctance. 

Arrachbvb (de dents), «m. a tooth-drawer. 
Ana^tuT de core, a corn-cutter, a pedicure. 

Arraisoxner, va, to argue with one. 

Arranoesient, sm, arrangement, setting in 
proper order : order, disposition : a plan, a 
icheme: economy'. 

Arrakceb, va, to arrange, to set or place in 
nder : to dispose', to settle. » 

ARRiivGEB ($'), vr, to make oneself comfort- 
able, to take pfoper measttreSj to agree ami- 
aUy. 
.$5 



ARR 

Arr£ntxm£ni^, fin. the taking or letting apoa 
a lease. 

A RRENTER, va. torent, to let or take upona lease. 

Arrxrager, vn, to be in arrears* It is only 
used in the infinite mood. 

Arr&rages, tm, pi, arrears. 

ARRfir, em, an arrest, a decree, a sentence: 
an arrest upon the body of a person. Afation 
. d*arrit, a lock-up-house, a prison^ Chien 
d*arrit, a pointer. 

ARRiTB, em, a decree, an ordinance. Arritt 
de compte, a settled account. 

ArrAter, va. to arrest, to stop, to detain, to 
withhold. Arr^ter le sangt to stop the blood. 
Arriter un compts, to settle an account. Ar» 
titer un march^, to conclude a bargaiB. 

AaaitXR, vn. to reaolve, to determine upon. 

A BRiTBR (S^), vr, to stop, to make a, stay. 

Arrhbment, fm. (Jur,) giving earnest or se- 
curity : bailing. 

Arrheb, va, to give earnest. 

ABBHB9,«f.pi.eamest, earnest-money: apledge. 

ArbiAre, sm. (mar,) the stern of a ship. Vent 
arriere, before the wind, ilvotr le vent or- 
ritre, to sail before the wind, to be in good 
lack. £»am€r«(fe, prep, backward, in arrears. 

ARRiiRB, jffi. the being in arrears, 

Arrierb, a^, who is in arrears. 

Arriere-ban, sm, arriere-ban. 

ARRiiRE-BOUTiQUE, tf\ B back-shop. 

AbriAre-corps, tm, (arch,) a recess* 

Arrikre-cour, tf. a back-yard. 

ARRiibBE-FAix, tm, the after-birth, 

Abri Are-fief, mi. mesne-tenure. 

Arr^Are-garue, rf, the rear of an army. 

ArriAre-goAt, tm, an after-taste. 

Arki Are-ma IN, rf, the back of the hand: a 
backstroke (at iennit), 

ArriAre-nevku, «iii. Uie son hr |;randson of a 
nephew. Not arritre-neveux, the remotest 
J posterity. 

AbriAre-pensAe, rf, an inward bought: a 
mental reservation. 

ArbiAre-petit-fils, tm, a great-grandson. 

ArriArb-petite-fille, fj', a great grand- 
daughter. 

Arrikre,-point, «m. backstitchiiig. 

ArriArer, va, to put in arrears, to delay. Ar" 
rUrer un paiement, to delay a payment. 

Arrjbrer (S*), vV. to stay behindhand, to be 
in arrears, .not to pay what is due. 

ArriA^e-8ai«on, *f, the latter end of autumn : 
old age. 

Arrimage, tm, (mart) stowage. 

An rimer, va. (mar.) to stow, to trim the hold. 

Arrimeub, sm. u stower. 

Ahriser, va. (mar.) to reef the sails. 

Arrivace, fm. (com.) arrival of coasters or of 
goods in a port. 

ArrivAe, rf, arrival, coming to a place. 

Abbiver, vn. to arrive, to come to, to land 
at. Arriver a boti port, to come or arrive safe : 
(imp.) to happen, to befall, to chance. liar* 
rive tou$ letjour$, it happens every day. Quoi- 
q%i*il arrivtf at all events, happen what will. 

Arrooamment, adv, arrogantly, proudly, 
haughtily. 

Abboga:icf., rf, anogancei pride, haughtinesa* 



AM 

Arrpger (S*), vr. to arro^te or ascribd to otte- 
•elf» to olfedm. 

Arr^t, m. (oftt.) equipage, tnSn:, retinue. 

Arrondxr, va, to i^uhd, to make round: to 
extend, to enl^irge. 

Arrondir (S*), vr. to grow x^und : (ftmJ) to 
mcx^eaae one'tf |irot>^r^. 

ARR0Hi5t^sSH%KT, tm, Oie rounding: : the mak- 
ing or being round : part of a Frcfneh depart- 
itient, a didtrfct. 

Arrosaob, tm, {iigr.) watering trenbbes. 

Arrosement, 8tn. a Watering, a ajftHnkliilg : tbe 
pajmeiit of a stake at-plaj^. 

Arro^br, va, to water, to mb!sten,to sprinkle : 
to run ^rougb (apeakitagof driver). Amh- 
ter de tatrmt, to iDfithe with tears. 

Arr09bur, fm. he who waters. 

Arrosoir, tm. a watering pot or pan. 

Ar8, «m. pi. the reins where a horse is usuallj 
bled : die legs of a horse. 

Arsekal, tm. an arsend. ArseAal de marine, a 
dock-jard. 

Arsenic, tm, (hot-) arsenic, a minexRl nni poi- 
sonoiks substance. 

Arsenica t, ou Arsbniqvz, arw^cd, contain- 
ing arsenid. 

Art, tm, an aA, a science : ft trade, a profes- 
sion : skill, dexterity, abiU^. Lis arts libi- 
raux, or Ut beaux artt, the flAd arts. Jdaitre 
— it artti a master of arti* 

ARTiRE, «f. an drtery. 

ARTiaiBL, b^, (anaf.) aiteHal. 

ARTiiRioLE, ^, (anat.) a sinall ailery. 

ARTiRroLOGiE, tf, \anidt.) arteriology, a trea- 
tise on arteries. 

ArtAriotohie, tf. (anat.) arteriotOttiy, the 
letting blood from tne arterv. 

Artbritiqvb, adj. (phy.) arthritic, g6uty. 

Articb/ut, tm. en artichoke. Lejbnd d\n 
artichaut, the bottom of an artithoke. Le 
foin d*un artiehaut, the choke. 

Article, jffi. an article, a head, a point, a clause : 
(a^nat.) an articulation, a joint, a knuckle : 
(gr.) an article. 

Articulairb^ adj» articular, belonging to the 
. joints. 

Aft'ncDLATiON, tf. (anat.) articulation, the junc- 
ture of bones : nie forming of words. Arti^ 
cfilaiion de la wfix, a distinct pronunciation. 

Articuler, va. to articulate, to pronounce dis- 
tinetlj : to draw up in articles. 

Articuler (S'}, vr, (anat.) to joint. 

ARTiricE,<}i». artifice, art, skill, industry : cralt, 
deceit. Feu d'artifiee, fireworks. 

Artipicibl, adj, artificial, full of art, fictitious. 

Artipiciellement, adv. artificially, by art. 

Artipicier, tm. a maker of fireworks. 

Artipicxeusbment, adv, artfully, witli art,CQn- 
singly. 

Artipicibux, a4/. artful, cunning, crafty. 

Artili^er, or Artillier, tm. an artilleiy-mim, 
a mattross. 

Abtillbrie, tf. artillery. UnepQee d'artilUrie, 
a cannon, a piece of ordnance. Let bureiux 

' de Vartillerie, tiie ordnknce office. 

ArtillbuR} ffvi* a gunner, a prirate in the rt- 
tflteVy. 
26 



ARtmo)^ (ifilt d'), tin. (eitw.) ihb mfi^ik-iiias^. 
Perro^wt d'artiflam, the mizen top-mast. 

Artisan, tm, an artisan, an artificer, A handi- 
craftsman, a tradesman, a mechanic: th<i 
cause, the author, tiie contriver. U ett Var' 
tftan de ta fortune, YA has' bben the liiaker of 
his own fbrtime. 

Artison^ Artuson, Artoison, 'ArtE| m, 
a moth, a wood-ftetter. 

Artiste, im.- an artist, ad artificer. 

Artiste, adj. skilful, ingetilotls. 

h RTi8TEii£NT,Ad.8kflftilly ,in'ami(kte^ly taa'nnef • 

Aruspicb, sm, an aruspice, a sOdthskyer. 

Arythme, tm. (phy.) weaknesi', in*egularity of 
the pulse. 

A reel (cheval), adj. a horse With a wliite sp<jt 
on one of the hind feet. > 

As (at cards or dic'tg), tm. aA ace. 

Asbeste, tm, asbestos, an iAcombusidbld xninehd 
substmce. 

AscA RIDES, tm. pi. ascaride^, little Worms in the 
, rectum. 

Ascbndakcb, tf. (dftt.) asicendahce. 

Ascendant, tm, ascendant, ascendancy: in-^ 

' fluence, power, superiority; Lit atcendantjt, ' 
the ascendants. 

Ascendant, (k{/. ascending. 

Ascension, tf. ascension, ascetasion-day, th& 
holy Thursday. 

AscENsioNNEL, odj, (ott.) asdenkioiuil. 

Ascirs, tm. and f. an ascetid, a recluse, a her- 
mit : one devoted to piety and devotion. 

AscAtique, adj. and tvist. aScetio, austere. 

AsciENs, tm. pi, (geog.) the Ascii, the inhabit- 
ants of the tomd zone. 

AsciTE, tf.^phy.) ascites, the cdmmoli dropsy. 

AscoLiEs, tf, pi, ascolia, feasts ib honour of 
Bacchus. 

Asiatiqdb, adj, asiatic, borii in Asia : effemi- 
nate: prolix, veibose. Liuce atiatifue, ex- 
cessive luxury. Meturt atiatiqtiet, effeminate 
manners. 

AsiLE, or AsYLS, tm. ate asylum, a refuge, a 
shelter: protection. 

AsiNE (jmrud to b^te), adj, an asi. 

Aspect, tm. an aspect, a prospect, a view : < 
look, an appearance. 

AspBROB, tf. (a garden plant) aaparagns. 

Asperger, vd. to besprinkle. 

As PER G is, tm, the ceremoliy of sprinkling with 
holy water. 

AspbritA, tf. asperity, roughness. 

Aspersion, tf. aspersion. 

AspERsoiR, tm. a holy-water sprinkler. 

Asphalts, tm, aspbiut, asphaltum, a bituiiii- 
nous, black or •brown substance. 

AspiiALTiQUB, adj, asphaMc, bituminous. 

AspHOD^LB, tf, (5o(.^ asphodel, the day-lily. 

AspHYxiE, tf, (phy.) asphyxy, suspension of 
the vital motions. 

AspRYxii, part, and adj, striick with aftpfiyxy. 

AspHYxiER (8*), to put an end td one's exist- 
ence by means of asphyxy. ' 

Aspic, tm, (nat. hitt,) an astoic, a sorted ser- 
. pent. Langue d* aspic, a slanderer, a backbiter. 

I Aspirant, sm, > an aspirant. 
Aspirants, «f. 5 a danafdate. 
Aspirant, adj, attracting, Pompe ttpirantep 
a sackisg pimp. 



AipHurroy, ^. Mpirafidn', %j«cilftiBoti. 

AipiBEi, M. to aspirate, to draw breath i to 

froaomi^ With fall brewing: to attntbt. 
AiPiKEB — a, vn. to aspire to or after, to desire 
witb eagemesfl, to pant after, to animate : to 
ptetend to. 
AsiABLEJiBVr, am. (mar.y a sandbank, a shoal. 
AssaSl£s. va. to' choke with sand. 
* AssiBLXB (S'^, vr. to be covered with ^nd, to 

run sgnMina. 
AsaAaLAKT, Ml. ih sssaiUolt, tn aggressor, 

oae who assails, attacks or assaults. 
AiiAiLLAirrs, tm. pi. thd assailants, assail^rs 

or assaulters, those who assault a p^ce. 
AssiitLiR, va. to assail, to assault, to attack 

or tnrid^ in a hostile manner : to ^11 upon. 
A$sAiNix, vn. to render wholesome, to pnriff . 
AssAiyiiS£ME?^T,4f». the a£t of rendering whole- 

■one : the effects of it. 
Assi»ojrN£3»!>rr, <m. seluoiking, condislent, 

saoce. 
AssAisoKifui, va. tb season, to ihix: to soften. 
AssArsoNKErn, sM.l a sessoner, he or she wHb 
AsfAitoiTFBVsE, A^.J sessoos. 
As^Assfv, tm. 9A issa^fin; a ijiurderer. 
AsiAssix, a^J. murr^ering; killing. D«s yhu 

auanins, kxHikkg eV^S. 
AsiAssiNAjiT* adj. very tedious : to kill ot at- 
tempt to kill by sdiprise or assault. 
A554S5iNAT,t«. *anais{sassiflatioh, ^imoider: d 

cruel deed, an atrocious proceeding. 
A^AisixER, ra. to assassinate, t6 murder .* to 

load with blows : to plague, to dr^. 
AssATXOK, tf. (phamu) ^ roasting or broiling. 
As^APT, sm. an assault, ah attack. Doiiner 

rassaut Oj to stonti. Faire assauti to tencd 

vith one. Faire assaitt d'etprtt, tfe beauts, to 

Tie in wit, in beauty. 
As.virHEn, vn. (w<tr.) to dry up-, to betfohip dry. 
AiSEMBLAGB, sm. au flsssmbllige, a uiiioii, a 

joimng together : a confused heap, a mis- 

tnre. 
AssFMBL&E, f^. an assembly : a congregation, a 

meeting, A society. Nemhrt de ptusimrs at- 

uUblen ^pontes, a fellOw of several leamdd 

•ocieties. 
A^EM BLEM ENT, tm. {obt.) tlfe sct of assembling. 
AssEiTBLEB, vd. to asseinblo, to bring or join 

together, to congre^te, to convene, to coii- 

▼c^e, to call togetfaev.' 
A»sKjiBLER (S'), vr. to assemble, to cdme or 

me^t together. Le parliment t*assembta hier, 

Pariiament met yesterday. 
AssExsR, m. to strike a hard blow. 
AwnrimsKTf tm. assent, consent, accoVd, 

igTeenent to a phiposal. 
Amentib, tm. to assent fo, to admit as trud, to 

agree, to yield or concede, to consent to. 
AisEoiB, va. to set, to lay one thing upon an- 

other.< Atteoir tan camp, to encamp, to pitoh 

a camp. Attwr ton jugewmni, to fix, to 

pomj. one's opinion or judgment. 
AisBoiB (8*), vr. to sit, to sit down : to perch 

opoii. 
AsfSBiiBifTBB, va. to bind one by his oath, to 

pat ena to his oath, to require it. 
AnBaxmum, im. an'assertor, AneHiUP 3k la 

ft 



Assntffo^, y. itii tMrtioii, tl^e iet oTalHifre- 
ing : an affirmation, a declaration. 

AssEKTiveiiiENT, adv. assertively, affirmatSrely. 

AssBRviB, va. to enslave, to subject, to bring 
into stibjectioA, to conquer, to subdue. At'^ 
itroir tet pattiontf to overcome one's passions. 

AssBRVissEniENT, tm, subjoctfott, bontnge. 

AssEsSEUR, tin. an assiessor, a judge's assistant: 
an alderman. 

AsslBTTB, tf. a slate/s hammer. 

AssEz, adv. enough, sufficiently. C^estatset or 

en voila dttet, that is taoueh, that #xli do. 
; AssiDO, adj. asiiduous, £lig[ent, close at 
business, constant in application : attentive, 
ear&ful. 

A$srDuiTi, ^. assiduity, elosd or constant ap- 
plication, attention, assiduousness : diligence. 

AssiDiSafENT, adv. arduously, attentively! 
eardestly, careftilly : dlHgenuy. 

AssiicBA^rr, adj. and s., besieging. Vn dit 
atti^geantt, one of the besiegers. 

AssiioEK, va. ' to besiege a town or fort : tb 
beset, to surround, to lay siege to. 

Asstioin, tnt, pL ih4 besiegiBd. 

AssiKTTE, tf. a seat, a state, a situatibll : as- 
slMsinent : stjate or disposition of thb mind : 
a plate (nsfd for bating). Uruiatsietieldantke, 
(propte, better) a clean plate. 

AssiETTEE, tf. a plateful. 

Assiot^aSlf, ddf. assignable, diat may be ap- 
pointed, ascertained, allotted or ilsngn^d: 
tilansferable^^ 

AssiONAT, tm. an assig^meht: an assiniat, a 

})aper currency during the first Fi^nch revo- 
utiort of ir89. 
Assignation, tf. an assignation : a summons^ 

an assignment. 
Assign ER, va, to.assigtt, te appdint, to summoii'. 
Assimilation, tf, assimilation, the act of bring- 
ing to a resemblance. 
AssiniLER, va. to -assimilate, to bring to a 

likeness, to cause to resemble. 
Assise, tf', a row of freestones. 
Assises, 1^'. pi. the assizes. Conr Ramses, a 

court of justice for criminal cases. 
Assistance, tf» assistance, aid, help, Sticcour : 

furtherance, contribution: assembly, con- 
gregation. 
Assistant, tm. an assistant, one who helpsr or 

aids : an auxiliary : a helper, Attittantt, pi, 

thoso who are present. 
AssisTER, va. to assist, to aid, to heljp, to 

succour. 
AssistER, vn. to assist, to be present at. 
Association', tf. association, union, connexion 

of persons or things : confederacy : partoer* 

ship : assembly of persons. 
Assocti, tm. an associate, a companion, a- 

paitner : a confederate : an accomplice. 
AsMociER, va. to associate, to give a shvte in, 

to join in company. 
AissociER (S*), vr. to enter into partoership : 

to keep company with, to unite in company. 
Assommant, a4/' (/<''*•) wearisome., il ott 

vraiment attommant, be is tiresome to a 

degree. 
AssoifrirEit, va. to knock down, to kill : to beat 

soundly, to iiaSA : to toaiie, to tormont. Jl 



ASS 

n*a wmmi d$ foUteitm, he has OTerloaded 

me with civilities. 
AssoMMER (S'), vr. to kill oneself with fatigae, 

to oyer-fatigiie, to orerfourden oneself. 
AssoxMxuR, sm, a killer, one who heats se- 

Terely. , 
AssoMMOiR, tm, a trap, a hludgeon. 
AssoMPTioN, if. assumption: the miraculoas 

ascent of the Virgin Mar j. into heaven : the 

day festival on which ^hat miracle is comme* 

morated (in thi Romish Church). 
AssoKiNCE, rf. assonance, reesmhiance of 

sounds: (rhet. and poet.) a resemhlance in 

sound or ten4iination of words. 
Assonant, adji assonant, reseipbling in sounds. 
AssoRTiMENT, sm. su assortmont, a sortment, 

a set, a choice. 
AssoRTZR, oa. to sort, to match, to pair, to suit. 

Marehand bien aisortif a Shopman who has a 

good stock, or a great choice of goods* 
AssoRTiR, mi. to be matched, to suit. 
AssoRTissANT, o^. matchiog, that matches or 

suits well. 
AssoTE, adj. in&toated, doting on, foolishly 

fond of. 
AssoupiB, va, to make drowsy or sleepy: to 

calm, to assuage: to stifle, 'to deaden. At- 

toupir une mauvaite affaire, to hush a had 

affsir. 
AssoupxR (S'), trr. to fall asleep, to dose, to 

slumber. 
AssovpissANT, adj. soporiferous, that tauses 

dotiness or sleep. 
AssourissEMBNT, m. sleepiness, heaviness, 

drowsiness : carelessness, supineness. 
AssoupLXR, va. to make supple or soft, to soften. 
AssouRDiB, va. to deafen, to make one deaf« 
AssouviR, va, to satiate, to fill, to satisfy: to 

gratify, to glnt. 
'AssoivissEMENT, tm. Satiating, glutting. As- 

wniftement dee passions, the gratifying of 

one's passions. 
AssvjETTiR, va. to snbdue, to bring into sub- 
jection : to master, to conquer, to overcome : 

to fix, to fasten. 
AssvjE'iTiR. (S*), iT. to subject oneself, to 

submit to. ' 

AssujETTi^SAKT, o^). slavish : that requires 

constant attendance. 
AssujETTXssEMENT, sm. subjectiou ^ submis- 
sion : dependence : slave'-y : assiduity. 
Assurance, sf. assurance, certainty : boldness, 

confidence : safety. Les bureau d^assurances, 
. an insurance-office. Police d^assf trance, insure- 

ance, security. Prime d^assurance, premium. 
Assure, siii. the proprietor of insur,ed g^ooils. 
Assure, adj. sure, certain, bold, confident. 
AssuniMENT, adv. assuredly, certainly, indu- 
bitably, unquestionably, to be sure. 
Assurer , va. to assure, to make certain or sure } 

to confirm^ to strengthen: to embotdcn, te 

encourage, to make confident : to tksat^rt : to 

insure, to givq security for, to indemniry for 

loss : to fix, ta make firm or steady. Assurer 

«n vaisseau, to insure a ship. 
Assurer (S*) de, tT. to be certain, to make 

sure, of. S'assurer dt quelquun, to rely upon 

one: to arrest his or her person. 
«8 



ATH 

AssuEE^B, tm. an insuret, «n underwriter* 

Aster, ^. (a plant), starwort. 

AsTSRisMX, fm. (ast*) an asterism, a constella- 
tion, a sign in the Eodiac. 

AsTBRiSQUE, sm, an asterisk, the figure of a 
star, thus *, used in printing: a mark of 
reference. 

AsTHMATiQUE, odj. Esthmatic, astbmatical, af- 
fected by asthma. 

AsTHME, sm. an asthma, shortness of breath* 

AsTic, fm. a glasing stick, made out of the bone 
of a horse. 

A^TicoTER, va. (fam.) to contradict, to tor- 
ment, to tease about trifles. 

Astragals, «in. (arch.) an astragal, a little 
round moulding which surrounds the top or 
bottom of a column : (anat.) the buckle ankle 

> or sli^g bone : (bot.) the wood-pea, the milk 
vetch. 

Astral, 04/. astral, belonging to the stars,stanry. 

AsTRE, sm, a star. Astre du Jour, the sun. 
Astre de la nuit, the moon. 

A8TREiNDRE,iHi. to forco, to compel,to restrain, 
to subject : to confine, to limit. 

AsTREiNDRE ($*>, vr, to stick to : to limit or 
confine oneself to;' 

Astringent, sm, an astringent, a binding me- 
dicine. 

Astringent, a^. binding, contracting. 

Astrolabe, sm. (mat.) an astrolabe, an instru- 
ment for taking the altitude of the stars. 

AsTROLoois, sj'. astrology^ the chimerical SEt 
of foretelliog things by tbe knowledge of the 
stars. 

Astrologique, adv. astrologic, astrological. 

AsTROLOoiouEMENT, adv, astfologicaUy, in tbe 
manner of astrology, 

AsTROLoouE, tm. an astrologer; an astrologian, 
one who professes astrology. 

AsTRONouE, sm, an astronomer, one who pro« 
iesses astronomy. 

AsTRONOMiE, rf. astronomy, the science which 
teaches the knowledge of the celestial bodies. 

AsTRONOMiQUE, adj. astronomic, astronomical. 

AsTRONOMidUEME^iT, adv, astTonosiically, by 
the principles of astronomy. 

AsTucE, sf, cunningp shrewdness, craft. 

AsTuciEusESiKNT/fdi;.cumungly,inacraftyway. 

AsTuciEux, adj. astute, cunning, artful, in- 
sidious, crafty, shrewd, sly, shaip. 

Ai* A R A X I E , {^. ataraxy , calmness of mind . 

Ataxie, (phti.) ataxy, want of order, disturb- 
ance, irregularity in tbe functions of the body. 

Ataxique, adj. (phjf.) irregular. Fihfre ate- 
rique, a malignant fever. 

ArEMi-n, itm. a workshop, a menu factory : the 
people, the workmen wbo compose it. 

Atermoiement, sm. (com.) a legal arrange- 
ment with creditors : a tetter of license. 

Atfr MOVER, ra. (com.) to prolong tbe time 
for the pn^nnent of a debt : to compound with 
creditors. '' 

Atiick, sm. an atheist, one who disbelieves the 
existence of a God. 

Atiiek, adj. atheist, alhei^tical, inlpiouB. 

ATuiisMR, hi. atheism, tlie disbelief of the ex- 
istence of a God or supreme being. ' 

AxaiNfiE, m* an atheueunu a literary irooietj. 



ATT 

Ariiin, m. aa •thlcto, a contender for Tie- 

taj, % wTMtJer, a champion : a strong and 

nbottaan. 
Atblbtiquk, {f. the art of the athlets. 
ATAiinav B» oiiy* Athletic, belonging to wrest- 

liug, boxing or running : strong, lustjr^ robust, 

▼tgorooa. 
An^rrEB, m. to dress, to adorn, to trim, to de- 

conia. 
Atintbb (S*), vr. (^'pop,') to dress wiih peculiar 

ears or ailectation. 
ATuirn«nB, «f. (la mer) the Atlantic ocean. 
ArLis, m. an atlas, a collection of maps in one 

Tolme. 
ArnosraAaE, if. the atmosphere, the whole 

sum of air and other vapours surrounding 

tbeaarth« 
AniospiiBBiQVE,s4lf. atmospheric, atmospheri* 

osl, dependent on the atmosphere. 
Atoms, au aa atom^ a particle of matter so 

miBBte as to admit of no diyision : any thing 

cxtrsmelj 01811. 
Atosusxb, an. atomism, the doctrine of atoms. 
AtoMisn, tm. an atomist, one who holds to 

tbfl atomical philosophy. 
Atoxib, tf, (pAy.) atony, debility, relaxation, 

vsBt of tone or tension : pelsy. 
ATocBHsa, w* (Jam* H o6f.) to attire, to dress 

ilsdy. 
Atoubs, aa. pi. a woman's attire. Dame 

i*tiMn, attire woman to a princess. 
Atovt, aa. (at cards) a trump, a card of the 

iSBie colour as the turned card. 
AiBiBiLAinB, adj. atrabilariau, atrabilarious, 

sActed with melancholy, replete with black 

bile. . 

Atbabilz, sf. choler, black biU. 

Atbe, MB. the hearth, the pavement on which 

6ns is flsade. 
Atkock, adj. atrocious, extremely Jieinous, cri- 

'■iaal or cruel, enormous, outrageous, very 

Sricvoos. violent. 
Atkocembnt, ad». atrociously, in an atrocious 

■Bsaner, with enormous cruelty or guilt. 
AtiocitA, ff. atrocity, atrociousness, enormous 

wi ck e dnesa, eatreme cruelty. 
Atiophib, rf. (p&ir.) atrophy, a wasting from 

Met of nonrisLmentt excessive leanness, 



ATTABLxm (S*), vr. to sit down to tiible. 
Attacbakt, adj. attractive,endearing, engaging. 
Attaoib, rf. attachment, affection : a tie, a 

string, a bond. Chian d'attache, a dog used 

to be tied in day-time. . 
Attach BaxHT, an. attachment, inclination, at- 

tsation, love, regard. 
Attachbb, w. to attach, to bind, to (asten : to 

tic, to fix : to entice, to. win, to sllure. It 

is also nsed in a neutral sense. 
ATTAcaxa (S*), vr. to stick to, 4o conceiye a 

regifd or aa affection for : to strive, to en- 

desvoor. 
ATTAevABLBy adj, assailable, that may be at- 
tacked. 
AiTAQUAn^, aa. pL the assailants, the aggrsa- 



ArTA«ox«y. aa attack, an assault : an aggres- 
Attofue ^fiivrtf a fit of fever* 
«9 



• ATT 

Attaqvek, «a. to attack, to affront, to insult,- 
to provoke : to assault, to quarrel with : to 
confute, to impugn, to censure. 
Attaquer (S*) a, vr. to set or faH upon one, to 

blame him, to make him answerablt*. 
Attar DBR (S*), vr. to get late on the road, to 
retire late. 

Attrikdrb, va. to reach, to come at, to over- 
take : to hit, to strike. Atteint d*un crime, 
charged with a crime. Atteint d'un mat, af- 
flicted with a disease, ilttetnt de la peete, 
infected with the plague. 

Attbintb, sf. a knock, a blow, a hit, a reach, 
iltletnte do goutte, a fit of the gout. Atteinte 
mortelU, a mortal blow, a deep grief, ifors 
d^atteinte, out of reach. 

Attblaob, Jin. a team, a set of horses. Atte* 
lage ^quatre, ^. tix eheveaux, a carriage with 
four, six, horses. Attetage hien ateorti, a set 
of horses well matched. 

Attblbr, vn. to put to, to put the horses to a 
vehicle. 

Attellbs, <f. pL splinters (for broken limbt). 

Attelloirb, an. a peg or pin to fasten the 
traces of horses. 

ATTENANT,aW;. near, close to, contiguous. 

Attenant, adv, and pr.next to, near, close to, 
dose by. 

Attknoavt (en), adv. in the mean time. En 
attendant mmue, till soniething better comes. 
En attendant qu'U tianne, until he come. 

Attkndre, va. to expect, to wait, to hope for. 

Attenorb, vn. to wait. Attendes'M.n pea, wait 
or stay a iittle. 

Attendrb (S'), vr. to rely, to depend upon. Je 
m*y attendaiif I expected as much. 

Attbndrib, va. to make tender, to mollify : to 
move to pity, to affect. 

Attendrir (S'), vr. to grow tender : to be 
moved to pity. 

ArrENDRissANTf adf. moving, affecting. 

ArTENDRissEaENT, SIR. compassiou, pity. 

Attendu, pr. in consideration of, on account 
of. Attendu ton grand age, on account of his 
age. Attendu que, oon;. seeing that, whereas. 

Attrntat, im. a wicked attempt, a crime. 

Attektatoire, adj. done in contempt of. 

ArrsNTB, ff*. expectation, hope. PUrre d*at- 
tente, a toothing-stone. 

Attbnter, (a, contre or sur) vii.Ao attempt, to 
make an attempt upon. Aitenter it la vie da 
quelq*un, to make an attempt on one's life. 

Attekti p, adj. attentive, minofuli careful, heed- 
ful, intent or bent upon. 

Attbktion, nf. attention, regard, respect. Fetre 
attention a, to pay attention to, to mind. 

AiTXNTivBMENT, odv, attentively, carefully. 

AttAnvant, a4;. attenuant, making thin as 
fluids, diluting : mitigating. 

ArriNVATioy, rf. attenuation, the act of mak- 
ing thin as fluids : (jar.) extenuation. 

Attbnuer,* va. to attenuate, to make thin or 
less consistent : (Jur.) to exteiAukte, to miti- 
gate, to lesscfh, to palliate. 

AttAbaob, an. (mar.) a place fit to land at. . 

Attbrir, vn. (mar.) to land, to make land. 

Attbrrer, va. to throw or fling down : to rvdUt 
. ^destroy : to overwhelnu 



Attestation, f(*. atie»t»tioB* CATtificftte, vn- 

dense : mtaan, tefttinony. 
Attester, tw. to aUeat, to cortify* to bear ^t- 

noM lo, to affirqi to be tmo : to call to wU- 

neis, to invoke as conscious. 
Aari^but, va. to cool, to make Inkewaim, to 

render less £enrent. 
Am^oiB (S'), vr. togjavw lukewarm or cool : 

4o gr^^ eareieM, to become indiffereat. 
AmiDisssMENT, rai« liikewanuiefls : dimino- 

ticin of feiToor : relA^^tion of affection of Ioto. 
Attifer (S'), vr. (iron.) to dress, to adorn tbe 

bead {gpmking if vmwmm). 
Attifet, im. a woman*a headHdnaas. 
Atv^quh, «». an attic, a little upper apartment. 
Attioue, 4i4/* *^tic» elegant. ' StioiiM^^ attic 

a^t^ Mtic wit. 
Attirail, vn, implemMits, anmmhrapces : 

train, equipage. 
Am RANT, aky attractive, alluring, .engagiag. 
ATTimzR, m, to attraet, to dca^, to allure, to 

eicite, to eatice : to win.togain, to bring over. 
Attirer (S*), w, to bring upon oneself, to 

gain, to win. 
Attjȣr, tfa. to stir, to stir op : attiMr Ufptt to 

stir the fire : to excite, to stimulate, to incite. 
^^TTisEOR, MR. be who atira ap the fire : one 

who stizy or excitea. 
Atti7>jubb, aw. jo appoint, to auboni^ to bribe. 

7'tfmotiu attitrrj, bribed witnesses. 
Attitude, i^. attitude, posture : position. 
Attoli^s or Attolons, im. pi. (gsog.) a clus- 
ter of amaU islands. 
Attouchembht, Ma. touch, feeling : contact.^ 
Attractif, oAj, attractive, dmwing to : allur- 
ing, inviting, engaging. 
Attractsok, tf, attraction, the power or act of 

alluring, inviting or engaging. * 
Attrairb, im. to attract, to draw : to entice, 

to invite, to allure, to engage. 
Attratt, tm. inclination, taste for. AtirQ,\iM, 

pL charms, attractions : beauty. 
Attrape, rf, (Jam,) a trick, a bite : a snare. 
Attrapxr, v^. to catch', to overtake : to get, to 

obtain : to obeat, to deceive. a 

ArfBAJPEun, m. a deceiver, a cheat, Attrapour , 

de rati, a rat-catcher. . 

Attra POIRE, 9f, a trap : a trick. 
•ATTRAYANT,o4/*attnictive,channing: ongaging. 
Attribuer, va. to attribute, to ascribe, to im- 
pute to : to allot, to grant, to give as due. 
Attribver (S'), vr. to take upon oneself, to 

assume, to claim. 
Attribvt, im. an attribute, a quality, achazac- 
teriaticdiqioaition: an appendant, a symbol'. 
Attributif, a4;. (J^') ettrioutive, that which 

attributes. 
Attributiov, ff. attribution, attributing, 

granting. 
Attrirvtioxs, pi. part of the administration 

assigned ei^er to an office or a public func- 
tionary. - 
ATarRisTAitr, a«{;. sad, afflicting. Um nouveUe 

tOtfiManU, sad news. 
^iowRiSTaay wi, to attictrto ^evo. CtUe mm- 

velle m* attrute^^batfdaoeAfAewa^gBittcetJne.; 
SO 



4»a 

Avvaif TEB (S*), tognarerwi|bbflpt«aiiM,(Df»rA 

way to Boncow. « 

Attrition, «f. attrition, repentaace .througb 

fear : friottJpn, rubbing. 
AvTRoupiucEiiT, «Bi. a mf^m assemWuge* « 

Attrouper, va, to assemble a crowd (vitkan 
4vH design), 

Attrouper (S*), vr. to flock together, to Hock 
in crowds. 

Ad B A DE, ff . a morning's music uader oo^'a win- 
dows, a aerenado : a lectare, a lapaxif. 

W."'.~: 5 « lie". . fa«.lg«r. 
AuBAiNE, rf, escheat: a windfall: a^fXMdjob* 

JPnat d*avbaine, the xight of iobentiag the 

property of an alien. 
Av BB, 4f . the dawn.' I/oute dnjotur, day-bveafct 

a priest's :^hite garment. 
AvREPurB, rf. {a akmh) tbe white-thora, h«w\ 

thorn. 
AuB&RE (cheval), a ilea-bittett gsey hone. 
AvacROE, sf. an ian, a tavaoi, a house for tfan 

lodging and entertainment of travellers. 
Aubergine, tf, (a gonlea piaut) a jgelongei^» 

a mad-apple. 
AuBERGi8TE,«in. ao inn-keeper, an inn-holder: 

^the laadUttd. 
AuBiER, sm. the white hasel-tree: bleBf or 

bleak, jap. 
AuBipoiN, am. {apLmit) the com bluA4>ottle. 
AvBiN, jai. the white of an egg : the canters ■ 

gallop. 
AucuN, a^. (proa.) no one, none, not any. 
Aucunxmbnt, adv. not at idl, by no means, on 

no account. 
AuDACE, sf. audacity, apiolt, faoldne^ : anda<t 

caouaness, impudence. 
Audacieusbment, adv. audaciously, boldly« 

impudently. 
AuDACiBux, m^'. audacious, bold, impudcait. 

It is also bsed as a substantive. C'eft aaou- 

daeieus, he is a daring man. 
AU-DB9A, prep, on tfaia aide. 
Au-dxlA, prgp, on the other aide, beyond. 
Au-DEVANT, prop, toi^ards. AUer au dovoat de, 

to go and meet. 
Audience, tf, audience, a hearing : thejud^ss, 

the court : an auditory, an assembly of 

hearers.^ 
AuDiBNCiER, am. an usher or-crier. 
AuDiTBUR, tm, an auditor, an andient, a heaiee* 

AudiieuT de eomptet, an auditor of accounts. 
AuDiTiF, adj. auditive, auditory, having the 

power of hearing. 
Audition (de compte), an audit of aoconnts. 

Judition de Hmoint, (Jw,) the hearing Of 

witnesAes. 
AuDiToiRB, am. the aessions-^house : an au- 
dience, an assembly of *bearers, an anditosy* 
AvoB, tf, a trough : a tray or hod. 
AuG&E, tf. a trooghful, a trayful. 
AuoxT, MR. the drawer of a biid^cage: tlie 

spout of a millhopper. 
AuoisENT, am. (Jur.) a joiiituM, a aettlementf 

a dowry. 
Aupi|iEiRrATtF» 4M|r\ (gr.) Aiigmantative, iap 

creasiDg, 



JrcjmTiB, «p. tO'tiigpi^mt, to incr^pae, to#n- 
km% !• exftBod, Jto ijmpUfy: lo better, to 
entaiiee : to aggravate, to niak^ iKOt9S, 

ArcMENTSfi, «». aii^ S'AuoMKaiT£B, vr. to aug- 
meDt. to increase, to xnuUiply. 5<m tv^cctt 
•M^g^ignU toiu lt$jount hif avccess increaMt 
every dfij. ^(09 noi «*«ti^ai«n(e d cAa^ti^ 
Vv*« ny dueaqe gp:t>wa worse every hoox. 

AvGVRAL, a<{;. tugujal, ao^Su^' relyitmg to 

HlgOIB. 

ArcvsE, <au »ng«^, «A «D|rBr, a aootWyer, a 
diviner : an omen, a prediction, a pceMge. 
Til ^« nil «eia¥tu a»gurtf n JP^ ^'' ^^ 
onen. De atauvaif ^ugur^, ominoiUif por- 

AccirnEK, ««, .to UjBQr, to pradict or foretell. 
Ai'CUBE^, vn. to augnn^j t9 judge by aiigury, 

to conjecture, to gu«M |^. 
Aouir^TB, a4i* |mgaet> sitMt» grand, wfngpJAr 

cent, majestic : aacred, a^rfnir ' 
AcoiJSTKMEjiT, 9d». nii|i^ticaUy» in ^ yaj»^ 



AunrsTiv, «b. an Aostin-friar^ 
ArcusTiNC, if.. an Austin-nun. 
Af;iounD*Hi7i, ado. to-day, at preaeat: aop-a- 

dayt. C€Jtmrd'htU, (Jur^) wis day. 
AcLidUE, adj, auUc. Le «nucti ou/ijitf, jdw 

'Anlic cQs^cil. 
AcMAiLLEs, sf, pi. (JurJ) bor^od cattle. 
Ai7x^iiB» if. alms, duality. Fuire Vaummu, to 

^ve aims. Vvtrt d'Aui^ieiic, t^ live on cbaiity. 
Ava^wiEB, «a». an almoner, a chanlaia. Orand 

wmimur; .the^gjraBd almner, tne 4icBt eccle- 

siss t j ca l .dignuary. 
AuM uss E, ^. an ameaa^ a priest's .vestment. 
AuHAO^,! .^pk alna^, a measuring By the ^, 

Fnre bon aunag^, to give good measure. 
ArvAiE, «f. a grove of alders^ an alder plot. 
Acysy am. (nat* ikut.) an alder-tree. 
ArKE, if. an ell, ameanvce of diflTecent lengths 

in dii^ierent countries. 
AvxEB, M. to maasure^by the ell. 
Ai'KEPB, sm. an alnager m- alnagar : an officer 

whose duty it to in^>ect the measuring by 

the ell : a searcher. 
AupABAVAKT, o^io. befoTO, fiist of |JL 
Av-pis-ALLEB, adA let the worst come to .the 



Acrais, pr. fend itdv^ hard by, dose by, near, 

close to, next to. 
Amis (de). pr. near, nigh, with : in compa- 

nsqn to. Iletl aufrh du minittre, he is with 

the Bonistor. 
AvaioLE, |f. a crown zound the head of saints 

inpictuxes. 
Atbicolaibe, a^. auricidvf. Timain auricu- 

Uht, sn ear-witness. X« doigt aurifiuiaire, 

the little finger. 
Acbiculb, <f. auricle, the extomal ear. 
ArBifiaa, mff. suriferons, that yields or pro- 

dnces gold- Ruiueau aurijarg, an auriferous 



Abbifeav^ an. a tinsel made of beaten bmw. 

AvBOBB* ^. (a piont) jouthemwood. 

AcBOBE, if. the goddess Aurora : the dawsn or- 

*fl "•'S^ T^/aWV aSJSTTS^ 7W7V9fWat S ftJzil BB- • 
31 



Vmroro hotiaU, the aonffiaboMiUii mr »Bitlk 

em twilight. 
AuRoas, a4?* yiiUowiah, nf » yellow ooliMir. 

Un* robe awron, a yellow gown. 
AuAPicx, om, an auspice, loi on^en drawn tem 

birds. 
Auspices, pi. au^ices: pmteetioQ: patumgii^ 

influence. Sout d^kturt$ auMpicUf friih a rair 

prospect, with a prospect of success, ^ma 

luauapiou du tontfU, under tiie consul's pif- 

tection. 
Acssi, COM. also, too, likewise* then, thernfionu ^ 

as much as, so, equally. 
Aussi BiEN que, cMy. as weU bb« Astm kini 

run qufi Vautre, as well one |ui the other. 
Aus8It6t, adv. inunediately. Prov. ttumitSk 

dit, auffUoifoM, no sooi^ said than done. 
AvaAiTOT.^uB,coi|;.as soon as, when, no toctkVg 

than. 

AusTBB , Mm. ft sidtjgr iK>nth wind. 

AusTi.EE, o4j. austere, stern, harsh, npd (iw- 

plied to penont) : sour, hard, rough to iae 

tasto (jtpplied 40 thti^). Uns wum mttirti, 

a stem look. 
Au8TiBXtfBiir,ade. auBtMrely, rigidly, hu^ff 
AusTiaiTB, ^. austerity, anstereness, hmsn- 

ness, seventy of manneca, stftnuiess : rigor, 

BtnctaefSt harah discipline. 
Austbal, a4f. austral, southesn, lying t^ the 

south. Po(e «u<trai, the anatitd poie. 
AnTAj>» isu a goBt of the south wind.' 
AyTANT, adv. bs much, as many, so nwch, so 

many. Autant d^/aH, so much done. 2V*it 

antant, as much. 
AuTANT «ua> eory. as much as, as &r as. 

the more, so mudi the more. Je Voimt d'nu- 
tant plus qu*eUe ott vertueute, I love her -the 
more, booause she is virtuous. 

D'AuTANT MoiNs, odv, the less, the less 80, so 
much the less as, or because. 

D'AuTAVT QUE, adv. because^ whereas; inas- 
much as. , 

AvTEL, 4111. an altar. Le makro'-auul, the gi^ent 
altar ia Roman Catholic churches. ' 

AuTEUR, Mil. an author, a writer, a cnniposer : 
an inventor rB deviser, a contriver : the cause, 
the promoter. Un bon, un fnaaooij oiUsur, a 
good or bad author. Lot autotir$ cUutiquot, 
the classics. It is also applied to females. 
UlU ett Vauteur do ce roman, she is the author 
of that novel. 

AuTusNTiciTB, «f. authenticity, .genuineneM* 

Avthektique, ja<(j. authentic, authentiqal, ge- 
nuine : incontestable, notable. 

AuTBENTiouEJfENT, odv. ButhcoiticBUy, with 
the requisite or genuine Buthocity. 

AuTBBKTiouEB, va. to authenticate, to |IS03^ 
by authority, to render authentic. 

AuTOCRATE, tm. an autocrat, an autocpiter or 
autocrator, a. title taken by the abpolutoJiove- 
reign# q£ Russia.' 

AuTocBATiB, |f« autocrasy, an independent 
power : a supnome, uncontrolled, un\iroit#d 
goyenunent. 

AuTocBATtous, od;. a^tocraticj i^utoioratical, 

1 Bhsolute.totallTiindexiendenL 



ATA 

AvTOciiAnicc, tf, an autoeratrix, a female 
Bovereipi totally independent and absolute, 

■ a title given to the empressea of Russia. 

AuTO-DA-Fi» <m. (JSfanitk) an aato-da-fe, the 
•xecntion of a sentence given by the in- 
quisition. 

AuTOORAPse, «m. antoeraph, autography, a 
person's own handwriting, an original manu- 
script. 

AvTOOKAPBE, adj, autographic, autographical, 
pertaining to an autograph. 

AuTOMATx, m. an automaton, a self-moYing 
machine,, or one which moves by invisible 
springs : a stupid fellow. 

AuTOMATiQUB, o^/* v^^^vn^^^r sutomatical, me- 
chanical, 

AuTOMNAL, ndj. autumnal,belonging to autumn. 

AuTOMNC, fiM. autumn, the third season of the 
year. 

AuTOPSiE, f, autopsy, ocular^ view: (p&jf.) a 
poit-morttm examination to ascertain the cause 
of the decease. 

AvToxisATiON, ff. authorisation, establishment 
by authority. * 

AoToatsxa, va. to authorise, to give authority 
to, to give a right to act, to empower : to es- 
tablish by authority. 

AuToaisER (S'), vr. to assume authority, to get 
power : to act on 4he authority of. 

AuToatri, tf. authority, legal power : power, 
rule, sway : influence, credit : weight of tes- 
timony, credibility. D*aAQnt6, adv, in an 
imperious maimer, lyautcriti privfy, of one*s 
free will : without any authority. 

AuTOUR, rat. (a hirdrfprey) a goshawk. 

AirrouR, adv, and pr. about, round, round about. 
Autour du palaitf round the palace. Autour 
du roi, about the king's person. Jet autour, 
hereabouts. 

AoTRB, adj. other, another.^ Un autre monde, 
another world. Une autrt affaire, another 
affair. L*autre jour, the other day. Sunt 
autre cer^monie, without] further ceremony. 
Doanex-tnoi Cautre, give me the other. J*en 
ai UH autre, I have another. Tout autre ckote, 
quite a different story. ElU e»t devenue tout 
autre, she is become quite a different person, 
she is much altered. L*un ou V autre, either. 
L'uH et Vautre, both. Ni Vun ni Vautre, 
lieither. L*un Vautre, each other, one ano- 
ther. D'autre part, adv, on the other hand, 
from another quarter. 

AuTREPOis, adv. formerly, in former times. 

AvTEi^MBNT, adv, otherwise, else.' 

AvTRc-PART, adv, elsewhere, somewhere else. 

AiTTRucBEfff*. {thetargettofallfnrds) an ostrich. 
EetawuK dautruehe, a strong stomach, a sto- 
mach that will digest anything. 

AvTRVi, pr. others, other people. D^pendre 
d*autrtti, to dep«id upon others. Le fnen 
d'autrui, other people's property. 

AvVBNT, sm. a pentice. It pent-hoosd. 

AvxiLiAiRE, a^. auxiliary, subsidiary. Dee 
troupes auxUiairet, auxiliair troops. 

AvACHiR (S*), (tpeaking of leather stuffi) to 
grow soft, to become slack : (/am. ofvomen) 
to lose one's freshness, to grow too fat. 

AvAOB, <Ni« the hwgman*! fee on vaiket-days. 

at 



AVA 

Atal, fM. (mnm.) the signing of a bill or anjT 
note of hand, to guarantee we payment there- 
of (the contrary of asumt). L'aval d*u»e rt- 
viire, down a nver, downwards. Vfnt d'aval, 
a westerly wind. 

AvALAOB, «in. the letting down (of a eath and 
the Uke} into a cellar. 

AvALAl80N,0r AvALASSBf <f. R tOReUt, B flo6d. 

Avalanche, Avalanoe, Lavanoe, or Lav- 
vine, if. an avalanche or avalange: a vast 
body of snow sliding downlk mountain. 

AvALANT, a^. (mar.) that goes down a river. 

AvALBR, oa. to swallow, to let down: to 
pocket. * 

AvALER, vn. to go down a river, torun'down as 
WRter. 

AvALER (S*), vr. to hang down, to flag. 

AvALEUR, <m. one who swallows. AvaUur dt 
V^ i^» (/««»•) a glutton. AvaUur de duir^ 
rettet, a bully, a hector. 

AvALiEs, tf, pi. sheepskins bought from thtf 
butcher. 

AvALOiRx, tf, ^am.) a large throat. 

AvANCE, {f. a jut, a projection : the wayjona 
has before another : anticipation, that which 
is gi?en beforehand. Etre en avtmce, to be in 
advance. 

AvANcEs, pi. first steps towards an agreement* 
proposals for aTeconoiliation. 

DOA.vancr or PAR AvANCE, adv* beforehand, 
by anticipation. « ^ ^ 

AvANCEMENT, tm. advancement, preferment,* 
promotion : the act of promoting : progress, 
gradual progression, improvemeRt: tiie in- 
crease of one's estate or ^rtune : furtherance 
of a work. , Avanceakent d'hoirie, ahereditaiy 
portion paid beforehand. 

AvANCBR, va. to advance, to forward, to put or 
bring forward, to push on, to hasten: to 
raise, to prefer, to promote. II u iU avanc€ 
au rang de colonel, he has been promoted to 
the rank of colonel: to offer, to propose. 
Avancer une opinion, to advance an opinion. 
{Com,) to advance, to supply 'beforohand, to 
pay by anticipation. II a avane6 de V argent 
tur Vemprunt, he has advanced money upon 
the loan. La taiton est avane6e, the season 

' is far gone. Je suif avanc£ en Age, I am an 
elderly man. 

AvANCER, vn. to go on, to move or go forward. 
Avancet, go on ! to improve or make progress. 
J*avanee dans mon dietionnaire, I make great 
progress in my dictionary: to go too fast. 
ma montre avance, my watch goes too fast : 
to jut, to project. Cette poutre avanee trap, 
this beam projects too much. 

Avancer (S*), vr, to come, to step or go for- 
WRrd : to be prafenred or promoted, to get 
preferment : to improve, to make some pro- 
gross. Vouvrage s'avance, the work is in 
progress. ' 

AvANiE, sf, an aflront, an Ul-treatment. 

AvAKT, sm, (mar.) the prow, the head or ton* 
part of a ship. 

AvANT,' or. beforo. Avant tout autre, before 
any other. Avant votre omo^e,. before your 
arrival. 

AvAKTi odvaforwaid, deep, frr. • Nt creuutpas 



AVA 

A nnt, do not dig uo deep. lU alUrent 
trop nmt, they went too far. En avarUt 
modu!. forward, march on! MetCre en 
nemt, to offer or propose. 

AvAjrr Qvz, con/, (with the 4ubj.) before, Aiwnt 
quU «iTfve, before he arrives. 

AriNT DE «r AvANT QUK DB, coii;. (the former 
is more in use, and both govern the infini- 
tive.) Avant de or avant que d*expirir, il me 
frma la wmh, be pressed my hand before he 
expired. ^ - 

AvisTAGKyim. advantage, benefit, gain, profit: 
previleaee, superioritj : gift, endowment : 
pririlege, prerogative : glory, victory : odds 

ATANTAoaa, va, to advantage, to benefit: to 

give over and above : to myoor, to proniote 

the interest of: to settle upon. 
Ayaxtaobvsbmbnt, adv, advantageously, to 

adraatage. 
Atabtaobux, mdj, advantageous, profitable, 

aaefal, beneficial, gainful : favourable : proud,v 

^ittghty, presumptuoua. Utu taiUe atNinta- 

gtue, a high stature* 
Atakt-bbc, tm. the starling of a stone-bridge. 
ArABT-BBAS, tm. (allot.) the fore-arm, part of 

tbe ann between the elbow and the wrist. 
Atast-cobps, tm* (^areh,) the forepart of a 

bailding. 
Ayakt-coub, tf» the foreyard. 
Atavt-coubbu A, tm. a forerunner, a harbinger. 
ArAWT^OBmKiBB, adj* the last but one. 
Atakt-oabdb, «^. the vanguard, the van of an 

•niy, the Tan of a fleet. 
ArAirr-ootTy Jan. a foretaste, a taste beforehand. 
Avabt-hibb, adv, the day before yesterday. 
AvANT-jouB, sin. the time before sun-rise. 
Ataxt-main, ski- (at tennis) a forehand stroke : 

(ibert.) the forepart of a horse. 
Atast-vidi, tm, the forenoon. 
AvABT-Mirx, tm. (/or.) an outward wall. 
AvAXT-piBD, tm. (^anat.) the metatarsis, the 

niddle of the foot : the upper leather of a shoe. 
AvAST-FiEV, tm. a fbrestake. 
Atakt-pbopos, tm. a preamble, a preface. 
ATABT-eciitB, tf. the proscenium of a stage. 
Atait-toit, jBt. nprojecting roof, a house-eave. 
AvABT-TBAiir, tm. the forewheels and pole of a 

coach : two wbeels added to the back-wheels 

of a large piece of ordnance. 
AvAirr-vEiLLE, tf. the day before the eve. 
AvABE, im. a miser, a niggard, a sordid wretch. 
Atabb, adj. avaricious, covetoos, stingy, im- 

■MMlerately desirous of accumulating wealth. 
AvABBiiBiiT, «l«.(o6f .)avarieiously, covetously. 
Atabicb, tf. avarice, avariciousness, covetoua- 

nces, greediness, inordinate passion for 



Atabicieux, od;. avaricious, covetous, stingy. 
It it also uaed as a substantive. 

At A BIB, rf. (mar.) average, damage suffered 
either by n ship or a cargo : a harbour duty : 
(cMi.) a small duty payable to the captain of 
a Bkin over and above the freight. 

AiTABii, tdf. damaged at sea. 

A VAv-L^BAiTt *dv. (Jam.) down the stream. 
Alhr k voM'Vtau, not to succeed, to come to 



AVE 

AvASTE, (jmar.) avast: hold, enough: (man) 
cea^e, stop, stay. 

Avi or Ave-Maria, sm, (laU) an ave or Ave- 
Maria, a prayer of the Koman Catholics to 
the Virgin Mary. 

AvEc, pr. with, for, against, byi in. Aveevcut, 
with you. La guerre avec la Rustie, war 
against Russia. Avec votre permission, by 
your permission. Avec U temps, in time. 

AvBiNORE, va, to fetch or take out. 

AvELANiDE, sf. the husk of an acorn. 

AvELiNE,if. {a fruit) a filbert. 

AvBLiNiEB, sm. a filbert-tree. 

AvBNANT, adj, well-looking, handsome, gen** 
teel, suitable. 

AvENANT, ad;, part, of av<ntr (jwr,') happening, 
in case that, incase of, if it should so happen* 
A Vavenaiit d», pr. (Jam.) proportionably. In 
proportion to. Lt dxtdeuu fut d Vavenant dn 
personnagt, the present was in concordanoo 
with the personage. > 

Av^NEMENT, tm. coming, accession. AvhiemstU 
d ia couronne, accession to the throne. 

AvENiR, vn. to happen, to chance, to fidl out, 
to coQie to pass., 

AvENiR, sm, the time to come, the futove, 
posterity. 

k l'avxnir, adv. for the future, henceforth. 

AvENT, sm. the advent, four sabbaUis before 
Christmaa: the sermons preached during 
the advent. 

AvBNTURB, sf, an adventure, an extraordinary 
evei^t: hazard, risk, chance, accident: an 
amorous intrigue. Dirt la bonne qiotnture, to 
tell one's fortune. I>isettr or ditaue de bonnB 
avtnture, a fortune-teller. Par aventturt, 
adv. exp. perchance. A V avtnture, at random* 

AvENTuai, adj, exposed to great chance. 

AvENTVBER, va. to adventuro, to venture, to 
risk, to hazard. 

AvENTUBBR (S*), VT. to vouturo, to ruu the risk. 

AvENTUREux, adj. adventurous, venturesome, 
daring, enterprising, bold, rash. 

AvENTURiER, sm. 1 „«.J.^«#„,« •« ;;«»t4«i«i' 
AvENTURi*RE, sf. | «« «dventurer, sn nrttiguer. 

AvBffTUBiHE, rf. (min.) a stone of a yelloir 

colour, scattered with small gold spots. 
Avenue, sf. an avenue, a passage, an entrance : 

an alley or walk in a g^urden, planted with trees. 
AvBRBB, va. to aver, to affinn, to assert. wilh 

confidence, to prove. 
AvERNE, sm, (poet.) the lake Averous, hell. 
Averse, tf, a sudden and heavy shower. 
k VERSB, adv. plentifully. 11 pltut d verse, it 

rains very hard, it rains as fast as it can pour. 
Aversion, sf. aversion, disinclination, reluct* 

ance : dislike, hatred. 
AvERTiNf tm. a disease of the mind that reil* 

ders one mad or phrenetic: the individual 

afflicted with it. 
AvERTiR, va. to warn, to advise, to inform of. 
AvERTissEMBNT, sm. advertisement, warning : 

advice, intelligence. 
AvEU, tm. confession: approbation, consent. 

Un homme sans aveu, a vagabond. 
AvEUGLE, s. et adj. blind, a blind man or wo- 
man. A I'aveugle or en aveugle, adv. erp^ 

blindly, inconsiderately. 

D 



AVO 

A^volBlift^, An. UiiidtiMa, inediisideratd- ' 
nesB : ignorance. 

AvfcuGLiMBfiT, adv, blindly, implicitly, with- 
out extminatfMk, without underatanding. 

AvEuoLER, va. to blind, to mftke blind, to 
dftrbEtn tbe understanding : to dazzle, to over- 
power by light. 

Atxuolettib (a V) adv* etp. groping in the dark. 

AviDE, adj. greedy, eager, coretous, rapacious. 

Avidembnt, adv. avidiotisly, greedily, rora- 
ciously, covetously. 

AviDiTE, sf. aridity, greediness, oagertiess, 
anxious desire. 

'AviLiit, M. t6 viHfy, to «(ba)ie, to deg^rade, to 
disparage, to disgraces 

AvkLtit (S')» ffr.U) diKgrace, to bemeui or dis- 
parage ddOHelf* 

Avtj,issAKT, adj, disgraceftil, degrading, Ibtuni-. 
liating. 

Ayii.ra8EttEii¥, mn. degriidation, de^Utement, 
disparagement: disgrace, '«ontMnpt. 

Ai^ir&it) vs. to sefufton with wive. Un hoihme 
avin^, ^ rhkn tised to drink, a good topefr. 

•AvinoK, tm* 101 Oar. Tirer Vavihm, to tog the o«lr. 

AviRONXR, va. to row, to use the oar. 

•Avifeon'teRiB, if. hn oar-workshop. 

AviRoNiER, sm, an oar-maker. 

Avts, tin. tm 'BdVioO> a cOiltisei, to opinion : an 
fte<ioiiiit or fieWs : ttnhdvitrtisement : amotion. 

Avisi, «(/. pntdeiit, wiio, oircumspoct. 

AvisBR, va, to aviso, to warn, to 'ceutioh. 

AviSBii (S*\ vr. to laVis^, (iM« in km), to ihiidc 
Of, to bethink Oneself. 

AvrtO) m> (9»ttfr.) an aviso, irh tidfioe-boM, a 
'%ht rihip thM carrifls advice to the fleet. 

AviTAiLLEMSNT, sm. proN^lons : tlfe supply- 
ing Ivith provisiohs* 

AvxTAiLLEK, «tt. to victual* Amtailhr une 
fUtte, to luitiish a plaee With provisions. 
AmtailUr un vaisteaUf to store a ship. 

AviTAiiicstrs, wi« a purveyor of provisions vr 
srores* * 

AviVER, va, to brisk up the St^ : to'reiidcfr a 
colour more lively : to polish. 

AvivEs, sf. pi, (©et.) the vivos. 

'Att>c'A8h]tfR, i». (iron.') to be a OMUsOUor Ht 
law, to prtertice pettifoggery. 

AvocA^SERiE, tf:(irdn.) &e being a oounsellbr 
^t law, the praetiiee of a pettifogger. 

*h.tocAt, snt, an' advocate, a coiitisellor at law, a 
lawyer: a protector, a defauder. Aootateoi^' 
iultantf la specfal ploadier. Avd^t g&nirtd, 

. attorney-general. 

AvidcATB, rf. a mediifttriz, a ^sknale^nteroessor. 

AvoiKE ^ AvEtvB, if. oats. Atoines, pi. atand> 
ingoatt. 

Avoir, va* to have, to possess, to hold. Adoir 
faim, to be huiigry. Avoir soif, tO be thirsty. 
Avoir ckavd, froid, to be cold &r #Arm. Xai 
soixantf ant, I am sixty jean of age. imp, II 
V a , there is, thete are, it ift. Ilyaun homme, 
mere is % tttan. II y a des htrnHMt, there are 
men. II y a sept ans, it is now seven years. 

Avoir, tm. one's property. C'nt tout nwn 
avoir, this is all I possess. 

AvoxsiNBR, va. to be near, to border upota. 

AvoHTtMEWT, m, abortioiii ttufomiage: the 
act of miflcwryiss^ 
34 



BAC 

AvenTEla, vn% to miseany, to btfttg ywittg be- 
fore the natural time : tiot to smeoeed. 

AvORTOK, $th, an abortive child : a irCtle ill- 
shaped person, a little shrimp. 

AvovB,''sm. an attorney, a solicitor^ 

AvouER, va. to avoVr, to acknowledge, to dedare 
openly, to own, to confess : tograntr to allow. 

AvouER (S*), vr. to own or acknowledge oneself. 

AvRiL, sm. April, the fourth month of the year, 

AxB, im. 6ie axis : an axle-tree, an axle-pin. 

AxioMEf tm, an axiom, a -self-evident truth : 
an established principle-. 

Axon OB, tf. hOg's krd : gaU or salt of glass, 

AzxRoi.s, sf. (a fiuit) an aserole, the Neapo- 
litan mealar. 

Azbrolibb, sm, a NeiCpolitan medhir-ti'ee. 

AziMVT, tm, efeimuth, an arch of the horizon. 

AzuR, sm, azure, a mteeral ilDbBtanm of a blue 
colour: the fine blue colour of the sky. 'Ook- 
teur flt'asur, blue, sky*coloured. 

AzvRSR. va. to azure, to point in tnst&^cbkatttf 
to colour Une. 

AzYiffs, sm. aayme, tmleiiveded bread. Lafite 
des asymes, the feast of itfikleaTened bread, 
ftaaOn|;'the Jewi. - 

AzvitfB, a4;. skymous^ iM0sveaed,iftfoittMited. 



B. 



B, )rfii. (the kMond tettftr'bf the stphetfOt,) Un 

B, a B. Etre iharqud titt b, to be blind of 

one «ye, humpbacked or latiie. 
Babel, (la tour de) the toWOr df Babd : Con- 

foslOn. 
BAfaB^RM, sm, butter-milk, the "milk thift re- 

maitts after the butter is sepanted from it. 

in the lap. 
Babxl, tfk, }mitin^, ohit-diat, Ohatting : pn(t-> 
tie, tattle. 

BABILLARn, »*fi. 1 . 1 ^^ ^n V V 

Babillarde, sf, / •<*•*»«'* • pwttlei. abali. 

bier, a tattler, xn incesssnt talker : a teU- 
. tale. It is also adjective. 
Babili^r, va. to prate, to tattle, to pmftle, to 

babble, to chat, to chatter, to gossip : to 

tell tales.^ 
Babxne, sf. the lip oF some tnimah. It is 

generally used in the plural. 
Babiole, rf, a batible, a gewgair, a trifie : n 

toy, a plaything, a trinket. 

Basboro. } •*' <***''•) **^ lM*o«d of a ehip* 

BABovctiss, sf, Tttrkish slippers. 

Babovin, tm, a Intboon, a little fool. 

Bac, tm, a ferryboat. Paucr le bac, to cross 
the river in a feftvlboat. 

Bacaliau, sm. dried codflsh, ttoekfish. 

BAccALAVRiAT, tm. bachelotship, a bachelor's 
degree. 

Bacchanal, sm. a great noise. 

Bacciianale, sf, {obt.) a noisy debauch, a revel- 
ling. Faire baechanaU, to make great noise. 

Bacchavalbs, tf. pi. the Bacchanids, die 
drunken feasts of &tac6httt. 

BaccbinausbRi vn. to reveli to xi<A« IO'ft»0t, 



BAG 

BjcciFiftE, od;. (M.) baccifeioas, that bean 



Bachi, MB. a ba^baw, a Turkiah gorenot. 
Bacu, i^. a walcr-aiigioie : a wagon or eart'tilt. 
Bi»g(.nTB» ff, (tit, €t poet,) a joimg laat, a 

dtauel. 
BiCBBLiia* tm, a bachelor of arte : a kni|^C. 
BAcaB«» M. (une Toitore) to put a tilt over 

acan. 
BicsuHTB, mif» bacehic, joTial, drankeiL Uiu 

fhej MM ckantm baekuue, a baccbio feast er 



Bachot, tau a wheny, a Ugbt boat naed on 



Bacmotaox, m. a wfaenyman's eBq>loj. 

BACBOTsua, sm. a wbarryman. 

Bacxls or Fbnvvil be meb, mi. (a jilaiU) aaa- 

fennel. 
BlcLAOBp Ml. tbo tying af boats is a port : 

daty paid for the same. ■ 

BlcLEB, «a. to frntmn, to Make hst : to expe- 

<ii<e,to4iqiatch. C W ana a/aif« Mci^, the 

>Air 18 condudbd. 
fiAD^ra, Ml. a booby, a cockney* 
Badauob, if, a silly woman. 
BASAvaAOs or BADA.vnBmiE, fin. a siUy beha- 

▼ioQror speech. 
BAOAoaaa, oa. to Ifliter, to gape at, to spend 

OBs's time idlj* 
BABivaiiME, Ml. sa iJ a nM . 
Bamavb, ^. (a ylsst) China-anise. 
Bamobon, mu a pale yellow colour appUad to 

BAaicBonvm, tw.to plsatar orer, to paint witb 

itone-eolour. 
Babih, adf. faoetiona, jocose, playful. U is 

also nsad aan sttbatanttre. 
Badikage, mm, a apoxt, a paBtime* a joke, a 

pby : a triie. 
Badinaht, mi. tf bono of raaarre. 
Bamiie. «^. a switch, alight walking-stiak. 
BioixEs, $f, pi, small tongs or pinoera. 
Bamhbk, oa. to bo frolicsome, to jest, lo joke, 

to pby: to ffaatter about. Jf l*oi dit pour 

wser, I said it ia jeet. 
BAunaiB, of, a jest, a silly ttiflo, a fidvolons 

thing. 

BArysTAt, as. a sort of odteo. 

BArorEB, «a. to abuao, to lidieule : ta mock, 

toiaaat^tolanghat. 
Bafii, j^. (fop,y an abundance of Tictnals, a 

KQtOing. 
Biitca, HE. (pop.) to eat or swallow greedily. 
BiFtEijB, am. (p«p.) a greedy eater. 
Bag aoe, aa. bn^gage, luggag?. Plt<r bagage, 

to nu^ch off, to mn away. 
BACABaa* ^, a stoppage by.eart3 : Atovnilt, 

» hnavl, an affirar • 
BioATELLE,sf.atnflo,atoy: atibingoCno value. 
BAQAXEIJ.K, iat. pebam I noTor fear 1 
Bagvf, aa. a bagnio, the .place where slaTes 

wtkipL 
BicnotBT or BAGnotam, ff^akiodof wooMn's 



Bicrs, ^. A oBif, a sat ring : .(sior.) an ^ye- 
^Maiaaaail fiafasi jaMi«t,iolear, 
BAQuBBa«M, <f, {afrvit) a UaddeoM^ 



BAI 

Baocbhaudbr, tm, to dally : to ataod triiUng» 
to fiddlefaddle. 

Baovenaudieb, tm, a bladdemut-tree. 

Baguer, va. (wiih tailofi) to baste, to SOW 
slightly, to sew with long stitches. 

Baguette, tf, a wand, a rod, a switch: a 
maulstick. 

Baguettes, sf. pi. gantlope, a military paatsh* 
ment. Patter un ooldat par let bagwettet, to 

, make a soldier mn the gantlet or gantlope. 

Baouiib, mi. a lingocase or box. 

Bah! int. bah ! pshaw! 

Babut, mi. a large trunk coTored with leather. 

Barutier, tm, a trunk-maker. 

Bai, adj, bay. Cheval hai, a bay horse. Boi 
clair, bright bay. Bat hrun, dark bay. Bai 
dotif yellow dun. 

Baib, rf, a bay or gulph : (fam,) a aham, a 
trick : (hot,) a berry. 

Baionbe, va, to bathe, to wash or moisten, to 
immezae as in a bath : {tpeaking of the tea w 
of a river) to run along, (a town, an estate, 
and the like.) 

Baiombb, vn. to Ue in a bath, to be in water er 
in oth^ liquid, to bo immersed in a fluid. 
Baigner data le tang, to welter in Uood. 

Baioneb (Se), vr. to bathe, to take a bath. So 
baigner dant la Tamute, to bathe in the 
Thames. Aller to baigner, Tand not amply 
baignor, as most French people, and particu- 
larly the Parisians, say,) to go and tske a 
bath. Se baigner dant le tang, to take a de- 
light in spilling blood. 

Baigmeur, tm, \ ^ x^.-t « v -Li. 1 

BAiGMota, Ml. a bathing-place in a rirar. 

Bajonoirb, tf, a bathingHtub. 

Bail, sm. a lease. Bail a vie, a lease for Mis* 

Bailee, tf. (mar,) a sea-tnb. 

Ba?llement, tm, gaping or yawning ; a hiatus. 

Ba^llek, tm. to yawn, to gape : to chap, to 
open in long slits. 

Baillba, iw. to give, to deliTer. La baUUr 

belU, (fam,) to ampoae upon. BaiUor it 

ferme, to lease, to let or grant the tempwary 

possession of a house, an estate, and the like. 

BiAiLLET, a4j, light red. Choval baiUei, a light 
red horse. 

Bailleul, tm, a bone-setter. 

BllLl:SLTV.}C;«'"-)alw«>r. lebaitU^, 

et le preTtewr, the leaser and the lessee. 
BaIlleua, 1 . . 

bailleuse, r"*- * y*^^'' • ^^^ 

Bailli, sm. foiaerly a bailiff or inferior jiidj^ 

in France. 
Bailli AGE, mi. bailiwick: a bailiff's oflioo: 

the precincts of a bailiff's jurisdiction. 
Baillive, tf, a bailiff's lady. 
BilLLON, Ml, a gag. Jtfsttrt tm baUUm, to gag* 
BAilloner, va, to gag, to hinder speaking. 
Bain, mi. a bath, a bathing : a batbing-placo : 

a bathing'TOssel. JBatas, pi, bathing places : 

mtnend wateu. Vardro du bain, &e oidar 

of the bath. 
Bain-marie, tm, (chin,) balneum maritt. 
BAi'oKETTE, tf. abayonet, a))roi4<dagger IjMad 

to the mome of a gun. 

T* • ;^ - 



BAL 

Bi lOQtJB, im. a bayoe, a Roman coiiii worth 
about a half-penny. 

Bairam, sm, the baiiam, a great feast among 
the Turks. 

Baisemain, tm, pL the kissing of hands : ser- 
vice, compliments. Faitet mes baise-maint 
a votre dame, present my respectful compli- 
ments to your lady. 

Baisbment, sm. the kissing of the Pope's toe. 

BAissa, «a. to kiss, to salute with the lips. 

Baiskr (Se), vr. to kiss, to salute one another : 
to lie close. 

•Baisbr, nn» a kiss, a salute. Dormer un baiser, 
to give a Idas. 

■nt!!l!«r» *!i* ? * kisser, one that kiases* 

iSAXSXUSE, ff. ) 

Baisotter (Se), vr, to kiss often and with 
affection. 

Baisse, rf, an abatement, a fall, a diminution in 
value. La baisu de$fondi, the fall in the stocks. 

Baissbr, vn, to fall, to diminish in price, to de- 
crease in VAlue. he jour lfaii$e, it grows dark. 

Baissbr, va. to let down, to lower : to lessen. 

Baissbr (Se), or. to stoop, to bend down. 

BaissiAre, rf, the tiltings of wine : sediment. 

Baisu re, tf, the kissing-crust of a loaf. 

Bajoire, if. a double-faced coin, like that of 
ting William and Mary, 

Bajovb, if. a hog's cheek. 

Bal, sm. a ball, a dance. Bal nuuqu^, a maa- 
querade. Bal par6, a dress-ball. 

Baladin, jm. 1 ^ J . , 

BAtADIKE. tf. \ • *^' ** ■''<"'• = • """y- 

andrew: a fop. 

Baladinaoe, «m. buffoonery, alow jest, a trick. 

Balavre, if. a gash, a cut on the face, a scar. 

Balafrer, va, to gaah, to slash, to give a cue 
in the face. 

Bala I, tm. a broom, a besom. Balai de crin, 
a hair-broom. 

Balais, adf. balas, of a pale red. It ia never 
used -but with rubii. 

Balance, tf. a acale, a pair of scales : the ba- 
lance of an account : equality : {ast.) libra, 
the balance. 

BALAVci, sm. (in dancing) a balance. 

Ba LANCEMENT,«in.balancing, equiIibrium,poi8e. 

Balancer, va. to balance, to examine, to poise, 

- to weigh. 

Balancer (Se),vr.toswing,tohoverinthe air. 

Ba LANCER,vn. to hesitate, to fluctuate, to waver. 

Balancier, tm, the pendulum of ^ dock : the 
fly of a jack : ihe beam of the scales : a ba- 
lance-maker. 

Balancinbs, pi. (mar.) the lifts. 

BALAN901RE, if. a seesaw. 

Bala NOR AN or Balandras, tm* » great coat, 
a sort of cloak. 

Balandre, if, a kind of aea- vessel. 

Balassb, ji^. a chaff-bed, a mattress made with 
oat-chaff. 

Balauste, if. (a fruit) a wild pomegranate. 

Balaustibr, am. a wild pomegranate-tree. 

Balaybr, va, to sweep, to clean with a broom. 
Balayer Vennmni, to put the enemy to flight. • 

BalatBur, «m. 1 V V ^u * 



BAL 

Balatvrbs, sf. pi. sweepings, what is swept 

away. 
Balbutiement, tm. stuttering, stammering. 
Balbvtier, vn. to ttainmer, to stutter. 
B A LOON, sm, a balconv, a kind of open gaUery. 
Baldaquin, sm, a baldachin or baldaquin : 

(arch.) a. canopy. 
Baleine, sf, a whale : a whalebone. 
Baleikieb, tm. (mar.) a wbaler, a Greenland 

ship. 
Balfinon or Baleii^eau, tm. a young whale. 
BalAvre, if. the under-lip. 
Balise, tf. (mar.) a buoy, a beacon : a path 

,on the banks of a river. 
Baliser (une passe), va. (mar.) to place buoys 

or beacons. 
Baltsbur, fill, a water-bailiff. 
Balxste, sf, a balist, a warliktt engine used hy 

the ancients. 
Balistiqub, adj, (art,) the theory of firings 

bombs. 
Balivace, tm. a mark upon standels. 
Balxveau, sm. a tiller, a standel: a youngs 

tree left in a wood for growth. 
Baliverner, vn, to trifle : to talk idly or 

ridiculouslj. 
Balivernbs, tf. tales or stories, idle stuflf^ 

nonseose. 
Ballade, tf, a ballad, an ancient kind of poe- 
try no longer in use in France. 
Balle, tf. a ball: a musket ball or bullet: a 

Printer's ball : a bale of goods, a package. 
*rendre la balU au bond, to seise a favourable 

opportunity. A vout la balle, (fam,) that 

concerns you, it is your turn to speak or 

act. 
Ballet, tm, a bsdlet, a dance, with varioos 

movements, representing an action. 
Ballon, tm, a balloon : a foot-ball. 
BALLONXBR,<m. R footAiall- maker. 
Ballot, tm, a bale of goods, a pack. 
Ballotadb, tf. the bouncing of a horse be* 

tween two posts. 
Ballottaob, tm. balloting, voting by ballot. 
Ballotte, tf. a ballot : a voting ball. 
Ballottbr, va. (obt.) to debate, to diseoss : 

(fam.) to keep one in suspense, to make fun 

of one. 
Ballotter, vn, to ballot, to vote by ballot. 
BALNi^ABLE, adj. fit for the baths. 
Balourd, adJ, stupid, dull, heavy, ailly. 

bZIII>!7. } • '"''"»^' • '^^' » "^*- 

It is rarely used in the feminine. 

or saying. 

Balsamxer, tm. (bot.) the balsam-tree. 

Balsamine, tf. (an annual plant) balsamine, 
and, by abbreviation, balsam. 

Balsamique, adj. bslsamio, having the qua- 
lities of balaam. 

Balustrade, tf. (areh.) a balustrade, a row of 
balusters joined by a rail. 

Balustrb, tm. a buuater, a small eolumn or 
pilaster, vulgariy called bannister* 

Bal,ustrbr, tMk to nil iiif to sunoiiiid with ba^i 



BAN 

BiUAv, i^'. is tpiiliad to a hoi«e tliftt haa white 

^potiai bis legs. 
Balxaxs, d, a white ipot which ione hones 

^▼« oi ttieir legs. 
BiMBiy, iM. (/m.) s little ehild, a habe. 
Bajiiocbaox, ^. a paistiiig of clowns or low, 

nutic objects : a caricature, anj thing gio- 

t«fqiie. 
Baxbocu,^. a large puppet : adwarf, ashrimp. 
BiMBou, mt, (m Indian retd) a bamboo, a stick. 
BiH, m. a ban, a pioclamation, a publication 

of anrriage : banishment, oatlawxy. AcKeter 

it» Um, to buy license. 
DAifAL, adj, belonging to a manor, co^unon, 

vvI^Br. £xpr««ssp«Aafia^, a vulgar expression. 
Baxajib, rf, (« fruit) a banana, fieus indica* 

Bavaxibb or FiouisB d'Adam, <m. the banana- 
nee. 

BAvc,«a.abeochf a form : a pew, a seat. Banc 
ie nMe, a wnd-bank. Le banc d» m, the 
ting's bench. 

Bamaw, } «4f • "«1 ». a bandy-legged man 



Bascslu, rf, a lone and narrow bench or seat. 
Baicsocbb, m. (Jam.) a litUe bandj-legged 



Bavbaox, $m, a bandage, a ligature, a truss. 
Baxdacxs, pL the bands of a wheel. 
Baboaoistb, #». a truss-maker. 
Bavos, if, a band, a tie, a bandage : a fillet, a 

n^: a long and narrow piece of stuff: a 

cn&psnj of men, % gang : the cushion of a 

Uliard-Uble. 
BAyBSAu, m. a head-band, a frontlet: anv 

t'uag to close the eyes. Le batuUau royal, 

tkerojral diadem. 
BaxdAgb, is. a round tea-board, a trav. 
Baxbxlbttb, {f. a little fillet or band.' 
Baxbeb, m. to bind or tie : to bend, to strain, 

to itrsteh. BoMdMT wm armM ^feu, to cock a 

gutr pistol. 
Basabs, va. to be tight. Cette ands bande 

^f that rope is too tight. 
Bakocb (Se), vr. to oppose, to rise against. 
BiKBEBiAU, ua. a stnng for a trumpet. 
Bakbbbolx, rf. a bandrol, a litde flag or 

itreuDer, a pendant. 
BasoUbb, tf. (ob$^) enngn* colours. 
BiVBiT, m. a Madit, a ragabond, an outlaw : 

*• thisf, a robber, a highwayman. 
Basdoclieb, sf, a highwayman who inhabits a 

aoaatiin : (fam.) a good-for-nothing fellow. 
Bavdouli&be, {f. a shoulder-belt, a belt tlwt 

cQBMs aooas the shoulders. 
BAXLitrz, gf. the precincU of a city, the ez- 

t4Bt of its jnrisdiotion. 
BAviEE,j^.atiltyan awning: the cabin (in aboat). 
J*>f« ta, «•. to corer with a, tilt. 
Basncbbt, m. (cheyaUer) a-banneret, a knight 

"ade in the field, a baronet. 
^V^Tov, uu a canfy a chest with holes for 

«M|ttBg fish attye in water. 
JiA«!nUB, {f. a banner, a flag, a military en- 

°*"«a, as* to banish, to exile, to outlaw : to 



^l^tacQB^el to depart, to drive away. 
*^k'fllwgrm, tQ bfuuah sorrow/ . 



BAR 

Bankir (Se), vr. to withdraw fiomi to take to 
a final retreat of. 

Bannissable, adj. deserving banishment. 

Bannissbmbnt, tm. banishment, exile : the 
state of being banished. 

Banqub, if, a bank. Fairs la banque, (com.) 
to be a banker, to parry on the banking 
business. 

Bamquerovtb, tf. bankruptcy, fiulure. FaUra 
banquerouto, to break or fail. 

Banqueroutixr, tm. a bankrupt, an insolvent 
trader or merchsnt. 

Banquet, tm. a banquet, an entertainment of 
meat and drink, a feast. 

Bavquetbb, vn. to bsnquet, to feast : (Jam.) 
to treat oneself with good eating and drinking. 

Banovbtte, ijf. a raised footwajf : a long bench. 

Banquibb, tm. a banker, (in Franco) one who 
receives and remits money, at home and 
abroad, negotiates bills or exchange, &c. : 
(in England) one who keeps a bank : (at play) 
one who keeps the bets against all the others. 

Banbb, tf. a large square hamper. 

BAirrAMB, tf. a bantam-hen, a hen of the island 
of Java. 

BaptAme, tm. baptism, christening. Tenir tur 
Utfondt do baptimct to stand godfather or 
godfmother to a child. 

Baptisbb, va. to baptise, to christen. 

Baptxsical, adj, baptismal, pertaining, to bap- 
tism. 

Baptibtaibb, tm. the register for christenings. 

Baptistaire, «{;. Un rigUtairo baptittaire, a 
register where christenings are entered. Ex- 
trait baptittaire, oide bapteme, a certificate of 

baptism* 
Baptist&bb, tm, a baptistery, the place where 

baptism is administered. 
Baoubt, tm. a mason's bucket, a shallow tub. 
Baqueteb, va. t6 scoop out ^ter. 
Baquetvbbs, tf, pi, the droppings of wine or 

beer into the tap-tub. 
Bar or Bard, tm. a handbarrow : (a fish) a 

bar, a barbie. 
BARAOouiNor Babaoouinaob, jm. gibberish, 

unmeaning words, unintelligible language. 
Babaoouineur, «^ I he or she who speaks 

DaBAOOUINEUSB, tf, j 

an unintelligible language. 

Babaqdb, tf, a barrack, a hut or house for sol- 
diers, especially in garrison. 

Baraquer (Se), vr. to make a hut for oneself. 

Barattb, tf, a churn, a barrel-churn. 

Barattbr, va, to chum, to stir or agitate cream 
for making butter. 

Barattbrie, tf, (mar,) barratry : a fraud. 

Barbacame, tf, a barbican : a casement or loop* 
hole in a wall. 

Barbare, tm. a barbarian. Let barbarett ph 
uncivilized nations. , 

Barbare, adj. barbarous, savage, cruel, in- 
human : uncivil, ignorant, untaught. 

Barbarement, adv, barbarously, in a savage, 
cruel, ferocious or inhuman manner. 

Barbarie, tf, barbarity, savageness, fero- 
ciousness, cruelty, inhumanity: ignorance* 
rudeness. 

PabbarbsquB} a4;« ^f^ inhabitant of Barbary. 



BAR 

BAKBARistHi vn# (^gr,) to ttake a barbatism. 
Barbarisme, sm, ^.) a barbariami imptirity 

of 8p«Mh« 

Ba ABs,jf . a beardiWhiakora. Jiune barbi, a jonng 
fellow. Je Vai dit d ta harhe, I bare aaid it to 
his face. Fwrt la barbi a qH€iqu*uni to ahave 
ono : (fig») to out-do ona in ttdfioe^ to aup- 

Slant him or her. La tainte barbe, the pow- 
er-room^the guaner'a cabin. 
Barbei tm. a Barbary horae. 
B A mail adj. (W.) bearded. 
Barbes, rf\ pL barbels, whiAera. 
BAaBBAi;, Ma. {ajiih) a barbal : (a plant) the 

blue bottle. 
BARBiaiE, if» (pht*) ahaiving and hair-outtiiig. 
Basbbt, im. a French water-spaniel* 
Barbettb, if, a spaniel -bitch : a stoo&acher for 

nuns. Crciti domme un barbH, ettremelj 

dirty. 
Barbichov, mi. a lap-dog> a littla Ffan^h 

spaniel. 
Baft bier , nh, a barber, a shatar : a bad surgeon, 
Barbifier, va, (Jam*) to Shave, to' pare olF 

with a razor. 
Barbifier (^e), vr, to sbaye oneself. 
Barbillon, fin. a little barbel : barbles< 
Bar BON, tm. a greybeard : a man hoary with 

age ': a dotard. 
Barbote, {/*. (afiiik) an eel-pout. 
Barbotbr, va* to muddle, as ducks, to dabb1e« 
Barboteur, ftn. a tame duck : a dabbler. 
BARBOti^E, <f. (a vermifiigi plant) worm-seed. 
BARBotJiLtAOE, ftn. daubing : bad writing, bad 

painting : a nonsensical speech. 
BAasoviLLSR, va. to daub, to besmear: to 

Bcribble : to pronounce badly. 
Barbouiller (8e), vr. to daub one's face ! 

to lose one's character. 
BarbouilleuB, sm* a dauber, a bad painter ; 

a scribbler : a great babbler. 
Barbv, adj, bearded : hairy. 
Babbue, sf\ a sort of turbot, a dab< 
Barbvquet, sm. a chap or small scab on the lip* 
Bard, m, a hand-barrow. 
BARnATiE, »f, (aplant) a burdock, a bun 
Bardb, mi. a bard, a poet and a singer among 

the CelU and the Gauls. 
Barde, sf. a horse-armour among the anoienta i 

a rasher. 
Baroeav, jm. a ahingle, a thin board to cover 

bouses, a sort of tiling. 
Baroblle, if. a pack-saddle, a kind of long 

aaddle in general use among the country- 
people. 
Barder, va. to barb or caparison a home : to 

cover a fowl with a sli<^ of bacon : to load 

-a hod. 
BARDEUR,<m.ahodman,amaBDn'0day-labottrer. 
Bardot, tm. a mule : a drudge : (with printin 

and booksellers) waste, waste-paper. 
Barge, tf. (tnar.)a barge, a ftst-bottomed vessel. 
Barouiomaok, «m. (/af»«)hesitatioB, irreaolv- 

doti : haggling, boggling. 
BARouioMan,vn. (Jam,) to hasitete, to boggle, 

to baggie, to waver. 

MB, % hig^«r, t bofgfieiw 
38 



BAS 

^A«it, na. a barrel, a small cask :« tb# oofltonti 

of it. Difancer un bml, to stave t barrel. 
Barillard, fm. pi. the steward of a galley. 
Barillbt, sm, a amall barrel, a keg : tke bar* 

rel of a w1itoh« 
Babiolaob, tm^ a motley, a medley oltarioiw 

ooloura. 
Barioler, t)a. (dMfiy usid in the part, p^^ 

to speokle, to variegate. Un fcaMt toriol^, a 

ooat of varions colours. 
Barlono» ffa. (gtom.) a raetangle« a parallel6<« 

gram. 
Ba RLONo , adj. longer on one aide than tbeothar. 
Barhabitb, «m. aBamabite friar. 
Barn AcnB, sf, vulgarly called Bariiaoi.Bi Bak- 

NAOtJB, or Barnicle, (not* hitt,) a bamaol* 

or bemacle, a aea-«goosa, a bird Mppoaad to 

grow on trees. 
BARoMifRB, sm, abaromater, amaehinatode* 

termine the ehanges of the waathar. 
Baron, sm, a baron, a nobleman naxt in do«- 

gree to a viaconat. ^ 

BARONNAOt, sm. a baronage, the dignity of i 

baron. 
Barokne, sf. a baroness, a baron'a lady* 
B ARONNET, tm. a baronet : a dignity in England 

next below a baron, and above a knight. 
Ba RONNIE, sf. a barony : the fourth order of 

the actual nobility in Franco* 
BAR0QUE,ad;. odd, irregular :(ipeoWag'/psor<« ) 

that is not exactly round. 
Baroscope, sm, a baroscope, an instrument to 

show the weight of the atmosphere. 
Barque, sf, a bark, a large boat. Conduhrt 

Wen sa barque, to aot wisely. Barqtie d'aris, 

an advice boat. Barpa de charge, a lighter. 
Barquerole, sf, a little boat or veasel. 
Barrage, sm. a duty laid on vehiclea and beasto 

of burden for keeping the roadain repair. 
Barre, sf. a bar, a spar, a crossbar: the bar of 

a river : a daah t a whipsteff : the bar of a 

court. Barre d'or or d*argent, an ingot. Borre 

degouvemail, (mar.) the helm, the tiller. 
Bar R EA u, sm. a wooden or iron bar, a rail: the 

place where cauaes are pleaded : the pleading 

lawyers. 
Barrsr, iw.tobar,toatop: to aerateh or strike 

out. 

Barres, sf.pl. the lower jaw of^k horae: (« 
game) prisonbftrs. Jouer aux barns, to play 
at prisonbars : to play at hide and aeek. 

Barretts, sf, a cap, a cardinal's cap. 

Barricade, sf, a barricade : a stop, a bar, an 
obstruction. 

Barricader, va, to barricade, to stop up n 
paasage, to obatmct. 

Barricader (Se), vr, to ahnt onMSlf Up. 

BARRtiRx, sf, a hairier, an intoenchment : a 
rail, an encloanre: an impedinkent, an ob- 
stroetion: a turnpike t any limit dr boundary. 

Barrillat, sm* a cooper*a dockyard. 

BARRKitiAUT, sm. (earn,) a llttla caak ^ bATrel. 

BARRiduB.sf. alarge barrel» aeask, ahogahead. 

BaAseS, ff.^(. toa-theata^ 

Ba8, sm, a stocking, a hose : the lower part« the 
foot 0r bottom of a diing. Bos de saie* allk^ 
stookings. Bos d§ hma, wottted atocidBgi, 
Boi di cslMii tottoi aMtisgl*. M tritvth. 



BAS 

U atMikii^. ]ki$ diJU, tlirMd Modc- 
mgs. 

9i<a «4l« 1<^* >Wlaw : a^MQ, vilet* dialioBonr- 
able : cheap, low. L« btu jmiftUt the popu- 
bo0, the k>ir«r oid^r*. f aire vioiii battB, ta 
pot to the sword. Avoir VoreilU boHS, to be 
liQmb]e4« Lm eoMxtom ftoam 9hm moi, I am 
at alow ebb, I am poor. 
Bia, td9. dow«, low, P«rl«i> has, to aps^ low. 

ifetiiv koi te$ mmtM, to lay dowit ona*B anas. 

iftftlv* fcu, to bring Ibrthi ta whelp, A hat, 

dowiadown with. Ld boh down below, £n 

^ downwards, below. 
Basalts, sm, baaalt, a black and vBwy bf»d stone 

oaed kf the •svniig of gold and silver, 
Basa m i^, sheep's leather used fqr bool^binduig. 
BASAvi, adj. tawny, sun-bumtj, of a nwarthy 

canplezion. 
Bas-o6tm, am. jU. tislefl, wingn. 
Ba«cvlb, if. ft swipe, a seesaw, a swing gate, 
Ba^Ii (f. the base, sr basis, ths foundation, the 

MlenofaiiTtiiiBg: IbamdncipaliBgredisnt, 
Bases, m. to base, to found, to rest, to gmmd, 

•s QpQA a basis. 
Bas-fond, m. ashosl, a shallow, 
B4iii,io, im. (mfkbukmi Mrptfat) a ba^Ua|[ s (a 

p^Mt) sweet basil. 
BAsii4€(ur, SSI* (a» oIiiIsmiO ImnlMon* 
Bmimqcs, if. a faasiUo, a luge hall : a stagni- 

fieent church* 
Baiiv, m, liiniity, awhita cottoii stof , mostly 

«iiped, ^ 

BAi-«iTiKii, 9m, fiwM. atiebi,. 
Basocss, if, tlia body of tba Iftwyeia' oleiks of 

Paris, 
Basque, adj. snd «, a aativa Qf Fiavch Biscay i 

t^ Bisesym langaage, Tai^&otf r ife ba$fua, a 

tabour, a tamboBfiae. 
BAs^afLixv, ns, bas-ielief, basso^raiiavo, 
BAiia, if, (sMis.) the bass, or base, Bomu eon- 

tiaat, a uoroQghbass. Baue tU vloUt a base- 

Tiol. 

B4ssBi«o«TnB, tf. a double baas, 
BAstBvGovBy if. a poultiy-yard, a fimn^ysfd. 
BAtaErSAD. OT Bassstiibb, rf. Uvw wstef* ebb. 

BaUI-fOSSE, Sf. Cr C VLrDB^BASSBvaOSSB, B dll^- 

gaon. 

Basssvbict, ad99 meanly, in a lew style er 

wiy^ 

BAim, tf, pi. (eiar.) shallows, teM» w sand- 
banks niddea vnder water. 

BAsaasiBy |f. baseness, mfiannnat, vileaess : a 
naaa ot base action. 

BAaasfvaiLLs, if, (imu.) a soiiatflr-levior. 

Basist, sbi, a tsfrier c (/is».) a man ef low 
•tatore. 

Baasbttx, if. basset, a gnne at eaids, 

wnv, isa. a basin, BaMt« df Aaioass, the 
acale of a balance : a reservoir : a dock fior 
tlupa. Craehsr eti ftsnaa, ((mp and pop.) to 
MBtrihate wMriflingly to as expenss, 

Bamise, if. a deep end wide pan* 

Basaiwcb, vs. to warm with a pan* SeiatNMF 
Wtf Irfsis, to ibment a woand, 

Bassiitet* bm. (mfiawer) the crowCooC 

AAaaiBef Bj|« 1^ a waKBung-pan. 

Baisok, tm. (muf.) a baasaant iB player on that 



39 



SAT 

BiSrTB, fs». ba«^, the aoe of chib^ (at f ^{AdH(4>>< 

Baste or fia<f6 paur ce/a, int. well ! let ^t be 

soi mvBifof that! 
Bastbrne, if. a b»stern« a oarrt^ga 4^wxi^ bj 

oxen, uaed by th«t Gauls, 
Bastille, $f, a fortified oastle : th^ B?«tiU<U 

(fonaerly a fimoua state-prison fn Faris.]^ 
Babtingub, sf. waist cloth : qaartar'rnetting, 

Bi^aTiNouBa (As)* vr, to shel^r <^9«^ Vt* 

quarter netting. 
Ba^tiom, sin. (fart.) ahaii^ipni ab^lw^ir^f, 
BA4Tioviii, wi* On*) ^rtified wiUi W»tioil8« 
Bastonnade, if. a bastinado, or ba^tu^da* a 

betting ctn the soles of tha faatt 
BA8TAi]<avB, if. (mi.) a balUta p\iblio bouae, 
Bastvemtbbi SSI. lanaU) tb« lowar baUy. 
BJLt, sm. a packsaddle. (^M^ ((# hi^t, » Vi/Ofk* 

head. 
Bat* SSI. (oftt.) the tail of tab, 
Bataille, sf'. a battle, an engagainent» v^ sn- 

aounter, a fight. Champ ^ hat^kHUt a fiald 

of battle. Livrer hataiiiii to angi^ga tha aWP- 

my, ^toii40 niB;<«> a piub^ mtUa* CM- 

pai da ftatstiit, the thing most tn\Hi npOPt 
Bataillbb, vn, tQ battle, to figbt« to st^i^lo 

havd, 
Bataillon, sm» a battalion. 
B4tabp, mi, a baataid, ao iU^gitimBt9 fikMl 

a au)ngtel. 
BItabd, a^. bastard, illegitimate ;. (cpio^iii^ 

>rf plants) wild, spwdons. Ppr(« bftM** '% 

private door. Venture bAtardf, a Jiapdwjit- 

ing betwesn round snd I^Uan* 
Batardeau, sm. a 4BBa or dike. 
BiTABoiiRB, sf. (agt.) a nuxse^, 
BiTABOifB, sf baBUray,bastaffU8m : t^i^ttat* 

of a bastard : a state of being a bastavd. 
Bateau, sm. a boat : the body of a eoach, 
Batblape, jhi. iuggUng : a waterauHi'^ ht»» 
Batel^e, sf. a boanul, as much as a boat aaa 

hold. 
Batelet, tm. (a dim.) a small boaL 

Batelier, sm.,a lyaterman, a bargenun, 

BItbr, «a. to saddle with a packsaddle. C^mf 
une dne h&ti, he is a dunce, a blockhead* . 

BiTi, sm. a fnune : wide stitcfaiag, 

BiTiBR, sm. a packsaddle-meker. 

Batipoler, vn. to play, to romp, to triAa» to tnf • 

BAtimbst, sm. a building : a veeael, a ship. 

BiriB, vs. to build, tp coBBtmot, to SMct, ta 
rai^e, to found, to giv/e bir^i to : to l^te (in 
sewing). BAtir des chAteaxixen Etpagn^t to build. 

' castles in the fir. Bim, mal biti, well pr ill- 

shaiwad. 
BAtisse, sf. a building, a fabric, an edifice* 
BirissBVB, sm. (fam») a man who t9 &orf lend 

of building : a had builder. 
Batiste, rf. cflnbiie, lawn. 
BAton, sm. a sticky a waiking etiek: a cudgel z 

a staff. Bdton cL deux bouts, a quarter-ftalT. 

Tours de hdton, perquisites. A bitotu romp^t 

adv. exp. by &ta andetarta. 
BAtonneb, va. to cudgel : to cancel, to strike 

out. 
BAtom net, im, f^ anu^U «tjick ; (a gaaw) cat, 

tip«at. 



BAV 

BiTOHNiBft, «m. the chief of the lawyers in 
Paris. 

Battaos, «m. (agr,) the thrashing of com. 

Battant, Ml. the clapper of a bell : the fold of 
a door. Porte d deux battants, a folding door. 

"Aattavt, adj, beating : at work. 

Battb, rf. a rammer: a beetle: harlequin's 
sabre or wand. 

Battemknt, <m. a beating. Batteimewt de matiu, 
clapping of hands. 

Battbrib, sf, a fighting, a battle, a scufSe : a 
battery of cannon. Batterie de cuuvm, kitchen 
utensils. 

Battbub, mn. a beater. Battevir d^or, a gold- 
beater. Batteur^n grange, a thrasher. Bat' 
teur de pav^, a yagalwnd, an idle fellow. Bat^ 
teur d'ettradt, a scout. 

Battozb, em, a battledore : a beetle. 

Battolooib, $f, battologj, a needless repeti- 
tion of woi^. 

Battbb, va. to beatj to strike. Battre la me- 
ture, (mui.) to beat time. Battre Vettrade, 
to scour the country. Battr« la campagne, to 
apeak at random. Battre le pan6, to ramble 
about. Battre let cartes, to shuffle cards. 
Battre la eaiue, tor beat the. drum. Battre 
monnaie, to coin. 

BlTTBE, vtu to beat. Battre dee maine, to ap* 
plaud. Baitre en retraite, to retreat. Battre 
froid i q%tielqu*un, to receive one cooUj. 

Battbb (8e), or. to fight. Se^ battre laflanct, 
to struggle against. 

Battub, if. a bioating to start the game. 

BATTUBB,{f. gold lackering. 

Battvbes» pi. (mar^) flatts, shallows, shoals. 

Baubi, mi. a dog to hunt tl^e hare, the fox, and 
the boar. 

Baud, im. a Barbary hound. 

Baudbt, im. an ass, a donkey : a yery ignorant 



BAU0BTS,pi. a tressel or trestle, a three-legged 
•tool. 

Bauj>xr, va. {eha») to animate the dogs. 

Baudribr, em, a baldric, a girdle, a war girdle, 
a shoulder-belt. 

Baudruchb, if. a kind of skin used by gold- 
beaters. 

Baugb, sf. the resting-place of a wild boar : 
mortar made with clay and straw. A bauge, 
adv. (obs.) plentifully, in plenty. 

Baumb, tm, balsam, baun : consolation, comfort. 

Baumxbr, or Balsamier, sm. the balsam-tree. 

3lllll,!rf. } ' '»^"~' • ^^' » p"**^ 

■ ailly man or woman : a gossip. 
Ba YARD AGS, sm. babbUug, idle talking, non- 



Bavardbr, vn. to blab, to babble, to gabble, to 

gossip, to talk idly. 
Bavarderie, jjf. babbling, goaaipiuf. 
Bavaroise, sf. tea sweetened with syrup of 

ci^illaire. 
Bavb, tf. slaver, drivel : foam. 
Bavbr, tm. to slabber, to slaver, to. drivel : to 
' foam. 

Bavette, </*. a slabbering-bib. 
Bavevsb, tf. (a seafith) bavosa raia. 
Bav^vx, adu dlabbeziDg ; slioiy. Un enfant 
40 



BEC 

haviux, a alabbering child. Chahn baveum, 

proud flesh. 
Bavoche, adj. (with printert) not clean, full of 

blots : a foul proof. 
Bavocbbb, va. to fill with blots : to print un- 
cleanly. 
Bavochurb, sf. the being full of blots. 
Bavois, sm. stable of rates. 
B A VOLET, tm, a headgear worn by the country 

girls in some parts of France : a country lass. 
Batbb, vn. to gape for or after : to hanker after, 

to desire earnestly, to covet. Batfor aux eor- 

neillet, to stand gaping, to look foolishly at 

every thing. 
Bayettb, sf. baise, a coarse woollen stuiT. 
B'aybux, tm. 1 VI 

Baybusb, if. J » W®^ '' ^"^^ ^^^ ^^''fi^ ^ 

craves. ^ ' 

Bazar, tm. (nio.) a baser, a market in the 

East : the place where they keep their slaves . 

of late, a collection of various shops among us. 
Bdellium, sm. bdellium, an Arabian gum and 

tree. 
BiANT, adj. gapine, wide open. Boueke b^ante, 

with a mouth wide open. 
B^at, adf. and t: a saint : (tron.) a bigot, a 

hjrpocnte. 
BEATIFICATION, tf. bcatification, an act of the 

Pope by which liis Holiness declares a person 

beatified after his or her death. 
BiATiriBR, va. to beatify, to declare blessed. 
BiATiFXQUB, a^. beatific, beatifical, blissful. 
B^ATiLLBs, tf, pi. dainty bits, titbits : giblets. 
BiATiTUDB, sf. beatitude, blessedness, felicity 

of the highest kind, consummate bliss. 
Beau, tm. beauty, excellence. 
Beau, adj. fine, fair, handsome, beautiful: 

charming, graceful: happy, glorious. Le 
^ beau monde, people of fashion. Cela ett bel 

et bon, all that ia very well, well and good. 

De plus belle, more than ever. Viehapper 

belle, to have a narrow escape. 
Beau, adv. in vain. £x. J*ai beau hU dire, in 

vain do I tell liim. Tout beau, gently, sofUy. 

Sometimes beau is an expletive, as Un beau 

jour que, one day as — . 
Bbaucoup, adv. much, many. 
Beau-pils, tm, son-in-law, stepson. 
Bbau-pr^rb, tm. a brother-in-law. 
Bbau-p&rb, tm. a father-in-law : a step-father. 
BsAUFRi, tm. (mar.) a bowsprit. 
Bbaut^, tf. beauty, comeliness: digni^: a 

beautifnl woman. 
Beg, tm. the beak or bill of ^ bird : the nose or 

snout of some animals : the nib of a pen : 

the spout of an ewer. 
BicARRE, tm. (mtM.) a b sharp. 
6&CA8SB, tf. a wood-cock, a bird of passage with 

a long bill. 
BicAssBAu, 9m. a young woodcock. 
Becassine, tf. (a bird) a snipe. Ttrvr la be* 

cattine, to mde one's pl<7* 
Beccard, tm. (ajith) the ramale salmon. 
Bec-db-corbin, tm. a kind of halberd : sur- 
geon's nippers : (mar.) a rave-hook. 
Bec-de-orue, tm. a vulgar name for the gera- 
nium : a crane's bill. 
B£c*DB-Li&vAB| tm, a hare-lip. 



BEL 

Bie-noes, ja. (• bird) bacafiM : ' a Ig-fMclnr. 
BtcME, ff. a spade : an inatniment for digging. 
BicHu, M. to dig, to break the ground with a 

ipade. 
BacaiQUB, mdj. (p^ky.) beehie, pectoral. It is 

•bo sobatantiTe. 
BiCQUK, adj, (W.) beaked. 
BiCQun, rf, a billfVik 
BicQuxTER, va. to peck, to strike with the 

beak : to pick up rood with the bill. 
Becqveteb (Se), vr. to fight one another with 

billa : to bill, to join bills as doves, to caress 

iaCaDdness. 
Bedainb, ^. (Jam.) a pannch : gats. Remplir 

H hedaine, (pop.) to cram one's guts. 
BiDBAv, Mk a beadle, a mace-betfer. 
Bkoon, an. a drum : (fam, ) a stont and fat man. 
BioouiN, im. a Bedouin, a wandering Arab. 
Bii, 04^'. (fbtaile 4 gueole) a cask wiUi one end 

open. 
Bica, vn. to gape, to hanker after. 
Biraoi, «■. a beUrr : that part of a steeple in 

wbich an alarm-bell is hung : the bell itself. 
BioAiuiEKTy wi. stammering, stuttering. 
BioAYER, va. to stammer, to stutter. 
BsGca, adj, and s. one who stammen, a stam- 

Bierer, a atutterer. 
Bbcubvlb, tf, an impertinent prude. 
BiciTsvLKBin, ff. prudery, an affected modesty. 
Bftcci5, tm» a biggin, a child's cap. 
BiovniAGB, 9m» a conTent of begmns. 
BBGcxvB.sflabeguinranun: abigottedoldmaid. 
BtsBif, jm. (a plant) behen, ben or beken. 
BncB, «■• a rugweoating, baiae. 
BuGHET, fm. a fritter, a small pancake. 
Bej Av VB, sm. a rery young bird : a very foolish 

young man : aiUineaa, ignorance. 
Bel, the same as BKAU, only used before a vowel. 
BiLAKDmB, sm. a bilander, a small marohant- 

Tessel with two maste. 
Belavt, adj. bleating, thai bleats. 
Bh.xMENT, sm* bleating, the cry of a sheep. 
Bh.BB, va. to bleat, to cry as a sheen. 
BiL*ESPRiT,sm.a pretender to wit,a witty writer. 
Bkl-bsprit, «4^'. Umt femme bel-etprit, a fe* 

male wit. 
Belbttb, «f. a weasel, a snsll animal. 
Bblier, smu a lam : (mil.) a battering-ram : 

(ut.) Aries, the ram, one of the signs of the 



BiuiRB, jf. the ring on which a beU-clapper 

hangs. 
Belitraills, sf. a set of idle vagabonds. 
Belitrb, jm. a Tagabond, a rogue, a scoundrel. 
Belle, rf. a handsome w6man. 
BtLLE-DAXE, if. (a plant) bella-donna. 



BsLLE-DE-JooR, $J\ (apUmt^ a day-lily, 
■hade. 



plant) the great night- 



BtLLE-viLLS, rf, a danghtor-in-law : a step- 
daughter. 

Belles-lettres, tf. pU letters, literature, 
laaming. 

BiLLBMEirr, adv. (oftt.) softly, gingerly. 

BBLL-MiaE, jf. a mother-in-law : a stepmother. 

BiLut-flCKUR, ff. a aister-in-law : a stepsister. 

BELuciRAVT, adj. belligerent, waging war, 
cttiyiac <Ni war* 
41 



BER 

Bblliqvevx, adj. warlike, fond of war, ttar-^ 

tial, brave, courageous. 
Bbllot, adj. (a dim. tf bbl) pretty, handsome. 
BELVBDER,ijit. (ital.) a belveder, a pavilion at 

die top of an edifice. 
BiMOL, mi. (mus.) a b flat. 
BiNiDiciri, tm. (lot.) grace, a short prayer 

before and after meat. 
BAn&dictin, im. a benedictine monk. 
BAm^dictine, ^. a benedictine nun. 
BiNBDicTioN,ff. benediction, blessing : thanks, 

espr^ssion of gratitude. 
BiNBFicB, tm. a benefice : a profit, an advan- 
tage : a church-living : a kindness, a fovour, 
a service. 
BiNincsNCB, ff. (ob$,) beneficence, bounty, 

favour. 
BiNinciAiRE, adj. beneficiary. HMtiir hSn^- 
Jidain, an heir subject to no forther charge 
than the value of the inventory. 
^kvkriciAtx, adj.f. relating to livings. 
BaNipiciSR, fiR. a beneficed clergyman : an in- 
cumbent. 
BiN^piciBB, vn. (com.) to gain, to profit by a 

trade or buainess. 
BsNix, im. a booby, a fool, a ninny, a simple- 
ton, a wiseacre, a noodle. 
BiNivoLE, a^. benevolent, kind, gentle. (Is 
never used but with the substantives Uettwr, 
avdittur.) 
Bfivi, part, and <k(;. blessed, praised!. 
BiNiGNiri, sf. benigpdtvi goodness of heart, 
kindness of nature, graciousness : beneficence. 
BiNiONBMBNT, odv. benignly, favourably, 

kindly, graciously. 
BiNiN, a4j> benign, benignant, favourable, gra- 
cious, land, i^iild. 
BixiR, va. to bless, to praise, to extol, to glo- 
' rify, to invoke a blessing upon. 
BiviT, adj. blessed by a priest, consecrated. 

Eau b^niie de coury fair promises. 
BiNiTiER, tm. a holy-water pot or vessel. 
Benjamin, im. a favourite child, a darling. 
Benjoin, im. (a^wn) bensoin, benjamin, gum- 
benjamin, a re^uious juice flowing from a tree. 
B£QUiLLARD,tm.aman who walks upon crutehes . 
Bbquillb, tf. a crutoh, a stick to lean upon. 
BiaviLLXR, vn. to walk upon orutehes. 
Berbeoxs, tm. (hot.) barbery. 
Bercail, tm. a sheep-fold: the pale of the 

church. 
Bbrcx, im. (a hhrd^ a robin red-breast. 
Berce, rf. (a plant) cow-parsnip. 
Berceau, tm. a cradle : a bower (in agardm)* 
BsRCER, va. to rock, to lull asleep : to amuse 
with fair promises, to indulge in vain hopes. 
Bercke, ff. (mar.) a small piece of ordnance. 
Beboaue, tf\ a coarse tapestry. 
Bergamote, tf. (a fruit) a bergamot-pear : a 

very odoriferous oraqge. 
BsROx, ff. a barge : a steep beach or bank. 
Ber'oer, tm. a shepherd, a swain. 
BERoftRB, ff. asheperdess: aneasyann-cbair. 
Beroerxe, ff. a sheep-fold. 
Beroeries, pi. pastorals. 
Beroerbtte, ff. (a dim.) a young aheperdess : 

a young laas. 
BerobbomnbttBi ff, (a Wrd) a 



BEJl 

Berlb, tm. (bot,) smaUige, Wfttar-pur»l«^. 
BxAusBt ff • ft beriin, a coftch of a particiUar 

' fOftt* 

Bbrlinoot, tm, ft chariol ftfter the Bftriin 

fMhion. 
BuiLVB or BxBLVB> tf* dinmftBft.of sight Avoir 

la berlue, to be dim-siglited or dftisled : to see 

ft thing otb«rwiM than it is : to see double. 
Bbrme, sf. (fort.) ft benn» a pftth reuikd a for* 

tiMI place. 
Bbrvable, fldj. ridioxUmiSi who defterrM to be 

laughed ftt. 
BBRBABiHiif «■»# ft Benuurdine aumk. 
Bbrvaroinb, jf. a Beroardine nun. 

Bbriib»i/. \ tossing in a blanket: (fam.) 

BBRNBHBNTyfm./ ® V / 

ft iaiUery> a langhiAg. 
Bbbwbr, ve. to toss in a blanket : to ridionle, 

to laugh at, to baiitar* 
Bbrnbur. tm. (/am.) one who tosses another 

in ft blanket i ft bwterer. 
BxRNBtQUB or Berniesqvk, adj, is ftaidofa 

sort of biirleftqiie st jle* 
Bbrviqux, adv. is onlj used in the negfttive 

sense* tmmg the low class of people ; as, 

Vout eompta tur fni, b$mifu§t jou rely on 

him, bint it is to no puipose, 
BBBNiQDBTt sik (ftp,) u onlj otod DioTer- 

bially. Mtttre au htmiquit, to reduoe to 

beggarj. Etrt au htmigut^, to be beggarad. 
Bbsacb, tf, a wallet : poverty, misenr. Etrt 

riduU i ia huae9, (Ae.) to be radoeed to 

Bbsacier, tm. (a term of cmtm/tpt} one who 

earries ft wallet, % beggftt. 
Bbsaiore, adj. is said of wine whioh is grow- 
ing soar. Ca vm toume au beiaigr; this 

wine grows sonnsh* 
BESAioiia or BwAictrB, rf» a tngbiU, a ear* 

penter's tooL 
Bbsant, tm* bisantinef ft»old eoin* 
Bbsbti mi. (at backgammon) atnbeace, 
Bbsiclbs, jm. pi, spectacles* Mettn vot btti* 

elat, (fam.) pat on your speotacles, look 

■uve closely to it. 
Bbsoonb, ^. work, business, occupation : the 

eiFecta of work. AU^ vita an tewgns, to set 

with too much precipitation. 
Bbsoovbb, vn. {eht») to work, to do much work. 
Bbsoih, Ml. need, want : necessity, occasion : 

miseiy. ileeir httain d*argint, to be in want 

of money. 
Bbstiairb, mi. a Roman gladiator who fought 

against wild beasts. 
Bestial, adj. beedal, beastlrt bnatish : oanial. 
Bbstialbmbht, adn. bsetiafly, beastly, in a 

brutish manner. 
BKanALtTi, tf. bestiality : the quality ofbeasts : 

an unnatural connexion with a beast. 
Bestiamb, ^. a.Binny, a stupid fellow, a aim* 

pleton. 
Bbstiavx, tm* cattle, qnadmpeds serving for 

tillage and for food to aiaa. It is the plural 

of6^toii. 
BasnoLB, <f. a little beast, an iasaot : (/osk) 

a dnnee, a ninny* 
BMTioit, «t« <«Mr») titt beiklMid. 
4Z 



BiTA, Ml. a bloaUlsad. a UmI. Ui»gmMe» 

a great thtok-head. 
BiTAiL, Ml. cattle. Gtot b^a^l, great oattle« 

Menu b^tail, small cattle. 
BiTR, sf. a beast, an animal ; a stupid man or 

woman, Cest ma bete noira, it ia the thing I 

dislike the most. 
B^tembnt, adv. foolishly, ainilyi without 

judgment or undentanding. 
BItise, sf. foUy, stupidity, a foolish action or 

speech. Yam no ditm fm dot bitmt, yoa 

talk nothing but nonaense.- 
BiToiNE, tf. betony, a plant much used in 

medicine. 
Bbtoires, mi. pi, (agr,) indraughta, ialata. 
Bette, tf, a beet, a plant of the genus beta. 
Bbttbravb, tf, a beetroot. Nat de b$tttraiva» 

a red nose. 
Bbvolbmbnti mi. the bellowiikg of osen er 

cows : (fam.) a loud outciy, a roar. 
Bbuoler, vn, to'beUow, to make a hollow loud 

noise, as a bull or a oow i (/em,) to Toeife* 

rate, to clamour. 
Beurrb, mi. butter, an oily substenoe obtained 

from cream by ehurning. 
BavRBi, Ml. a Durrel, a butter-pear. 
BburrAe, sf. a slice of bread and butter* 
Bedrrer, va, to butteri to smear wiUi butter* 

BeurrJS'e!?. }i^^^tterman,abutterwoman. 
Brvue, ff. a mistake, a blunder, an oversight : 

an error committed through ignoranoe* JPaire 

U9M bimta, to blunder. 
Bey, Ml. a bey, the goyeraor of a Turidsh pro« 

rinceor town* 
B&cBsTAH, Ml. a Turkish market* 
Bezoard, mi. beaoar, a stony eubstance fonned 

in the stomach of certain animsls. 
BiAu, Ml. bias, way, method i slope, slanting* 

ness. Prendre un ban, us maueaif iiait, to 

go the right or wrong way to work. J^e 

biait, adv, slopingly, slantingly, 
Biaisexemt, mi. an oblique direotion i an ar* 

tifiee, a deceit, a shift. 
Bxaiser, va. to slope, to go slantiBg : to shnfile* 

to equivocate. 
B1AI8BUR, Ml. a shufier : a deceitful man* 
BiAssx, rf, imw silk, generally imported from 

the Levant. 
BiBERON, Ml. a toper, a hard drinker : the lip 

or pump of a cruet : a sucking bottle. 
BiBBRONNB, tf. a women addicted to diinidng. 
Bible, rf, the Bible, the Book by way of 

eminence, the eeered vohune in which are 

contained the rsvalatioas of God, and the 

principlea of the Cbriatisn iaith : the holy 

Scripturea. 
BiBLiOGRAPHB, JIB. B bihUographer, a good 

judge of books. 
BiBLtooRAPHiB, tf, bibliography, a knowledge 

of books, of tneir editions and prices : a 

description of books. 
BiBLiOGRAPHiQUB, odj, bibliogTRphie, btbUo- 

grapbieal, pertaiaong to the deseription of 

BiBLioMAVBf Ml. a bibUoBMniac, ono who baa a 

B^^e ler books. 
BiBLioMANiSi tf\ bibliomaniavnteolMDadnMs* 



BfE 

Bnwunmttt, tm* mm who nfead of feodum 

BiiuoTHicAiBB, sm. a bibliotiwcarf ^ aUbit- 



BiBuoTBMfVSf tfm ft biUioih«AM, a Ubruy. 
Binitvt, a4/. biblical, p«rtamuig to tbo biUo 

0* to tlw facred writingBtf 
Biivi, tmu ft thinf of ao ▼«!«••' Batiofu ife 

Mm, pihrf raiaoDC. 
Bicips, adj, (aiiat.) bicipital, bieipito«a# bar- 

iagtwobeaiia. 
Bietm, $m. • bonat of oorroetwiit and mmk^ 

bo^nlal ao« Ptria i (Jam.) m roftiisb lu^ 



ralybor. 

Bicn, y« ft bind, tbo fonialo of tbo tod doof 
•Tftag. 

BlSoKir^.} • ^^ ^ "^^ ^"« ^"' •^^ 

Bio«ovft« tf. ft Moall bouM of a Boaa appoat<» 

•ace : a Uttlo iBoad town. 
BiDBjrri, m^, (Jmt*) bidetiCal, baTisg twotootb. 
BtDBTf m. ft Uttlo ridiftg bona, a na^, a poooj, 

a ga&Mray s a {lioeo of watdtobo funituo. 

^tmittT mm hidtt, to puab one's fortune. 
6iDo«, «M. a Oftii, a ^ voaaal in wbicb soldiora 

cany tboir driiik. 
BfBK, Ml. good, bottelltf adyantago: fortaoo, 

propeitff tiebeot traaltb, aatato; fkYOvr, 

Bodneaa. L# Mm p^Ht, tbo froblie weal 

fr wellkto. Bifoj, ^<« property, landa, elFecta. 
BiBN, ad». well, rigbtt irer^: lauob, many. 

Bien fve, eonj. altbongh. Bi$n hin (U, or 

fw, Ibr from. Eh Mm, int. well t 
BiEv-AiMB, adj. and «. beloTed, weU-beloted : 

afiiEfoHte* 
Biia*At8s< adj. very glad. 
Bins.DiaE, im. fine talk, an affected way of 

■pealdng. It baa no plural, t&d ia generally 

lued in irony. 
Btt!f ^IraB, Ml. welUbeidg, welfare* proaperity. 
Biiff^KHTaNDtr, odv. of oonrfte. Bim «nMtedu 

9iie, em;', well underatood tbat. 
Bm-pAiaa, tn. to do one's dnty, to snoceedi 

It is only naed in th« infinitire mood. 
BitKPAnAircEi tf. beneHeence : actiro good^* 

nasi, Idndneoa or ebaiitr. 
BiBKFAisANT, odj. benencottt) bind, benero- 

lent, btunane. 
BttarAiT, Ml. a bofiefik, aaact ofkindneaa, a 

&Toar : a aerrice, a good office. 
BiENpArraum, im. a benoAictor, be wbo ooofiNr^ 

ftbateftt. 
BianFAitatca, if. ft benefiibetreas, abe wbo oon*' 

fefiabeoaftt. 
Biia-FOKoa, m, pL boinoTable propotty, real 



BixKHccaatTX, ad/, bleaaed, bappy, fortmiate. 

f<*i KtaAattreitt, tm. pi. tbe blessed. 
BiBNKAL, adf, bioiioial, continning Ibr two 

^Mfa. CffiH Htimmlt a biennial post : tab- 

lag pboe onOe in two yeaia, as : Eketwn 

Umiali, a biem^ el«etiob» 
BiBMBiABcx, ff. becomingnesa, dooebey, deco- 

nai, pKofptnty : BtAoaa, oovivenioncey con* 

■Wieihcy. 
BuKiftAKT, 0^, docenti bocomingi ooMOly, 



BIL 

B^::'r^::;ir7^, } 0«-) tb^po^esaor Of 



4S 



I, a landboklar« 
BientAt, ad9» sooB, ore long, iaaodiatelT. 
hiEHVEivhA»G9, sfm boBOToloftoe, kinOttoaafl 

good-^ill. 
BiBNVEiLLANT, odj. benoToloatty biiid» aibc- 

tionato« 
BiBN TBNir, adj. and «« walcomo. &ycs U Mm- 

venu, I am beartily glad to sea ^oo« 
BiBMTVifvB, tf* a welMOio : garaisb, entrance* 

money. Fi^^ fa friMvaiHia, to pay OBe'aiboting. 
BiBNTOULV, ad/.belored^eateenied, ebenabad. 
BiiBB, if, beer, a boroiago generally aaado 

from barley and bopo: a ccnGb, a obaetar 

box in wbieb a dead buaaa body ia bnzied. 
BiiyiiB, im* a beayor, an aapbibioaa quadnipad, 

a genua of castor^ 
BiiB, Ml. a odll-pooi* 
BiPFAOB, tm. erasure, raaorof erafoment. 
BiFrsx, va. to dofaoo, to aaaoel, to eiaao* t» 

obliterate. 
Bipias, adj, (hot.) biforoaa* bearing firait twioe 

a year. 
BiwacATiov, tf. (atiat» and hot.} bifuroation. 

a forking er aivision into two brancboa* 
BiFURQVBB (Se), vr, (unat, and hot*) to be bi-* 

fiircated, to be dirided into two branches. 
BioAMB, ti^f. and tmbtt. abigamiati ono wbobaH 

ar baa had two wivea at onco. 
Bio AMIS, sf. bigamy, tbo orime of baviag two 

wives or two huMModa at onoo : tbo atato of 

tbo bigamiat. 
Big A R ADB, tf. a Seville orange. »> 

BiOARADiBR» Ml. B sour orange-treo. 
BiGARREAU, tm, the whiteheart-cherry. 
BiGARRBAUTiBBf «m. the wbitebeart cherry* 

tree. 
BiGARBBB, va. to variegato, to apookle> to pat 

together oolonra that do not agree. 
BioABBuRE, tf. variegation, aMtley cobmra, a 

medley. 
BioLE, im. a beagle, a sort of hound* 
BioLBi Off/, squint-eyed. 
BiGLBR, vn. to squint, to look obliquely. 
BiooRBB, sf« a biokera, an anvil, an iron ftat in 

one end, and pointed in the othmr. 
BiooRMBR, va. to work iron upon the anvil. 

&"«:! }l.i«otr7..W«d«.dol«««.t. 

attachment to a particular creed or to certain 

ttoneta. 
BioOBR, va. (oftt.) to awap, to barter* 
BijoN, fill, a sort of resin. 
Bmoo, si». a jeweU a trinket. 
BiiouTBRiB, tf. jewelry : toys : tbe JeweUer'a 

profession. 
BuooTiBR, $m. a jeweller, a goldaauth, ooo 

wbo makea or deals in jewels. 
BiLAN> na. ft balance-sheet of debtor and cre- 
ditor. 
BiLBOovBT, tm. a cup and ball, a tumbler. 
Bile, tm. bile, oholer, spleen : anger, paasion* 
BiLiAiRB, adj. ^anat.) biliary, belonguig to ibe 

bile; oonvoymgtlfta bile. Condmit biliairOf 

a biliary duct. 



BIP 

B11.1BVZ, oi^'.biHoiu, oonsiiBting w pwtakiiig of 
bile. Tihr% 6i<tetiM, a bilioat ferer. 

Bill, <m. (Frmcftt/Sed) a bill, a law pijBMnted 
to the pftrliament : a motion for a bill. 

BiLLARD, mh. billiards : a billiard-table. 

BiLLARDER, tiff, to Strike a ball twice: toatrike 
two bells at once. 

BiLLE, «/'. a billiaid-ljall : a packer's stiok : a 
rolling-pin. Faitt trn WU^ (at htVUatd*) to 
mske a hazard. 

BiLLEBARRBR^va. (/ffm.) to ohocker, tospeclcle. 

BIllebauds, <f. confusion, disorder. A la 
HUebaude, adv. exp. (/am.) topsy-tnrry. 

BiLLER, va. to pack close with a stick: (mar.) 
to fiuiten a rope to a/ boom. 

Billet, tm, a bill, a note, a note of hand, Bi'i- 
Ut d9 banquet a bank-bill. BiUet dmue, a lore- 
letter. Bi/fetdtf/oterM, a lottery-ticket. BUUt 
de tpectaeU, a play-ticket. hiUet di tamt^, 
a certificate of health. 

BiLLETTER, va. to tickot, to put a label on a 
stuff : to billet soldiers. 

Bills ves£e, «f'. an idle story, a humbug. 

Billion, sm. (mat.) one thousand millions. 

Billon, $m. alloy of metals : copper-money : 
any money cried down. 

Billonnaoe, sm. 1 debasement of coins : a 

BiLLONNEHENT, Ml. J*'^"««"«»» *** wm« . • 

substitution of bad coin for the good. 
BiLLONNER, vn. to dobase the legal coin : to 

substitute the good for the bad. 
BiLLONNEUR, vn. s dealer in bad coin. 
Billot, sm. a block, a log : a stick tied across 

a dog's neck. 
BiMAuvK, sf. (a plant) a species of marsh- 
mallow. 
Bimbelot, sm. (ob§.) a toy for children. 
BiMBELOTERiE, «f. a toy-shop or manufactory. 
Bimbelotier, sm. a toy-maker, a toyman. 
BiNAOE, sm. a second delring or ploughing. 
BiNAiRB, adj, binary, two, double. Nombre 

binaire, a binary number, a number composed 

of two units. 
BiNARD, sf. a great cart : a large four-wheeled 

wagon. 
BiNER, va. to deWe or plough a field a second 

time : to say mass twice a-day. 
BiNET, sm. asareall. Fain U binet, to play the 

miser. 
BiNETrE; sf. a tool for delving ground. 
BiNocLE, sm. a binocle : a dioptrical telescope 

fiited so as to view an object with both 

eyes at once. 
BiNOcuLAiRE, adj. binocular, which serves for 

both eyes at once. Lunette binoeuiaire, a bin- 
ocular telescope. 
BiNOME, sm. (a j^.)' binomial, a quantity com- 
posed of two parts united by the sigpos plus 

+ or minus — . 
BioORAPHE, sm. a biographer, a writer of lives. 
BiooRAPHiE, sf. biography : the history of the 

lifo and character of a particular person. 
BioGRAPHiQUE, adj. biographic, biogpraphieal, 

pertaining to or containing biography. 
Bipi^DAL, adj. bipedal, having two feet or the 

length of two feet. 
Bipi^DE, ad;, and sm. biped, an animal harisg 

two feet. 
44 



BIT 

BiovBisflaTnlgariufflMforthefllie^gott: (fam.) 

an old woman. 
Biqubt, tm. a vulgar name for a money -scale. 
B19UBTBR, vn, to kid : to weigh coins. 
Bieambrot, Jin. a sort of soup made with beer, 

sugar, and nutmeg. 
Birr, ^'. an osier bottle to cateh fish. . 
BiaiMB, tf. a bireme, a vessel with two bankB 

or tiers of oars. 
BiRiBi, sm. biribi (a hasard game), 
Birloir, sm. an iron button to fosten a window. 
B18, a4j. brown. Patn hu, brown bread. 
Bis, adv. encore, again. 

BisAOB, sm. a second die, a die oC b colour dif- 
ferent from the first. 
B18AIBVL, sm. a great grandfather. 
BisaVeulb, sf. a great grandmother.' 
B18ANNUBL, a4j, biennial, lasting but two years. 
BiSBi LLB, ff '. a dispute, a quarrel : a oontentioQ, 

a dissension, a misunderstanding. 
Bis -BLANC, adj. half-white, greyish. 
BiscaVbn, sm. a blunderbuss, a short gun with 

a large bore capable of holding a number of 

balls. 
Biscni (<Buf ), adj. an egg from which the chick 

is ready to come out. 
BiBcoRNu, ad^, odd, ridiculous : irregular. £«- 

prit biseomu, a wrong-headed fellow. 
Biscotin, sm. Amerian biscuit. 
Biscuit, «m. sea-biscuit : a spunge-cake. Bii* 

euit die Savaie, Naples biscuit. 
B18B, sf. the north-east wind. 
B18BAU, sm. a sloping cut : a basil, a turner's 

tool. 
BiSBR, tMi. to dye again, to give a second colour. 
B18BR, vn. to degenerate, to grow brown (speak" 

ing of earn). 
B18BT, im. a stockdove, a pigeon. 
B18BTTE, sf. a coirse narrow lace. 
Bismuth, im. (rut. htse.) bismuth, a metal of 

a yellowiah or reddish while colour, and a 

lamellar texture. 
Bison, sm. a bi«on, a quadruped of the bovine 

genus, usually <»Ued the buffalo. 
Bisqvain, sir a sheep's skin with the wool on. 
Bisque, sf. bisk, crawfish soup: (at tennis^ 

play) octds, fifteen. 
Bisquer, vn. (pop.) to be vexed, to fret. 
Bissac, sm, a v^et. ^trf riduit au bissae, to 

be reduced to beggary. 
BissBCTiON, sf. bisection. 
B168EXTE, sm. the intercalary day in the leap year. 
BissBXTiL, adj. bissextile, pertaining to the 

leap year. Annie bissextile, the leap year. 
Bistoqubt, sm. a large billiard-mace. 
BisTORTE, sf. (a plant) bistort, a species of 

polygonum vulgarly called snake-weed. 
BisTouRi, sm. (chir.) a bistoury, a surgical 

instrument to make incisions. 
BiBTOVBNBR, vo. to twist : to toake crooked. 

Jambes bistoum^est (Jam*) crooked legs. 
B18TRB, sf. bister, baked soot used by painters : 

a brown pigment. 
BisuLCB, at{j, (nat. hist.) cloven-footed. 
BiTi, sm. a large evergreen-tree, a native of 

Malabar. 
BiTORD, sm. (mar.) twine, spun yam. 
BiTTBB, va, (mar.) to bit die cable, ' / 



BLA 

BffiTMB, «■• UtaaMil, a aiami, uiflamma- 

Ue nlMtiiica, something like pitoh. 
BirrMiiiivz, e<(y'.bitqmiiMWf having the qua- 
lities of tritnmen. 
BirALTs, tdj. hi^alve, hirslvalar, biralyoui, 

hsTingtwo shells or valves. 
BiiriAiEs, mj^f, is ssid of a place where two 

lesdsiaeet. 
BiTiAL, mdj, is said of a road which divides 

into two. 
BivovAc or BiVAC» «ir. bivouae, the gaard m* 

wttrh of a whole armj. 
BirouAQvaa or BivAousa, vn, to bivouae. to 

be OD gaardy or to watch, as a whole armv. 
BizABRB, m^, odd, whimsieal, capricioiis, nui- 

tistical. 
BsASEEMBitT, ttdv. oddlj, ftntssticalljr, et> 

priciousljr, whimsicaUj. 
BBABBxaiK,^. oddness, whim, fantasticalnete, 

whimaiealnesa, caprice. * 
Blafard, adj. psle, dull, wan, dim, a decayed 

whitish colour. 
BuiBBAV, Ml. a badger, a Quadruped of a 

dumsj Bsake, with dbort ana thick legs : a 

brush or prncil made of its hair. 
BlImablk, adf, blamable, reprehensible : eulp* 

shie, wltf, deserving censure. 
BlImb, mi. censure, npr«hension, imputation 

ofa-&ult: disapprobation: obloquy. 
BlIhbu, «a. to blame, to censure, to reprove, 

to find fault with : to disapprove. 
Blakc, fsi. white, the white colour : a blank, 

a white saatk to shoot at. Lo kUme d*un 

ci/, the white of an egg. 
Blaxc, adj, white, elesa : dear, blank. Uno 

dkArae bimneko (better, ptvpr«) a clean shirt. 

Da papier biane, blank paper. Argent biane, 

silver-money. Amtet blanekes, anv arms but 

fire-arma. Ckevtux blanet, grey nair. Dii 
fer Mrac. tin. GSUe bUtndie, hoar-frost. 

Corte bimmdto, full powers. 
Blavcbaillb, tf, (mj no pburml) young fish, 

Blaxc-bbc, adf, a novice, a simpleton* 
Blamc-mamobb, im. a white jellj, a blanc- 



BlahchIteb, odj.'w}dtiBh, somewhat white. 

Blanche, <f. (mia.) a minim, a note equal to 
half a semibreve or two crotchets. 

Blamchsmbnt, odv, cleanly, with dean lioen* 

Blavchbrib or Blanchissebib, </*• a place for 
bleaching, a bleaching-field. 

Blaucbbu e, if, whiteness, freedom from cdour. 

Blaecbimbvt, «■. whitening, bleaching : a tub 
to whiten silver in. 

Blaecbie, vs. to whiten, to bleach : to wash. 

Blaecbib, ve. to grow white» to whiten : to 
grow old or grey-haired. 

BLAECBMSAOX,<m. washing: laundry: whiten- 
ing: bleaching. 

Blaecbissakt, a^lj* whitening : whitish : 
(pMt.) 'growing white. 

Blanch issBRiB, or Blancbbeix, «f. a bleach- 
ing yard er field: a laundry* 

Blahcbissbue, he. a whitster : a bleacher. 

BLANCBissBf7SB,if.a laundxess, a washerwoman. 

BLAEc-sBiovy fsi, % lignRtore put to a blank 



BLO 

Blandicbs, ff. pj. {bar.) blandishments, ca- 
resses, soffc words, expressions of kindness. 

Blakois, va. {obt,) to cajole. 

Blanqux, tf\ a sort of private lottery. 

Blanqu&tte, if. a kind of pear : asort of white 
wine : a hash of veal or lamb. 

Blaou b, <f. ( pop.) a bladder : a tobacco-pouch. 

Blasbe, va. to weaken, to blunt, to impair. 
£tre bUu^9 to have lost all taste or relish. 

Blasbr (Se), vr. to destroy one's constitution, 
to become insensible through excess. 

Blasom, jEi. blaxon, blasonry, heraldry : a coat 
of arms, armorial ensigns. 

Blasonntr, vs. to blason, to paint or describe 
coats of arms :. to explain armorial figures : 
(fam. and 061.) to slander, to criticise. 

Blasonnbue, he. a blasoner, one that blasons, 
a heraldry-painter : (Jam.) a slanderer. ' 

BlA8PHBMAT£UR,HE.1 VI l v 

BLA.PH4MAT,.ei;,,/./' "•^I"'™'' "» "'»» 

speaks of God in impious and irrcTerent terms. 
BLASPHiMATOiRB, a^. blasphemous, profane, 

impiously irreverent towards (jod. 
BLAsruiMB, em. a blasphemy, an indignity of- 
fered to God. 
BLAsPHfiMEB', va. to blasplicme, to speak of the 

SupremeBeiog in terms of impious irreverence. 
Blatjbe, fin. a corn-chandler. 
Blattb, ff. a moth, an insect which breeds in 

yams and garments. 
Blaude, rf. a carter's irock. , 

Bl^, he. wheat, com in general. BU d$ 

Turquiet Indian com. Petitt'bUs, barley, 

oati, peas, and the like. 
BlicHE, aiy. and f. {obi.) soft, weak : sillj. 
BLicuiE, vn. (obi.) to become soft, waut or 

siUy. 
Blbimb, tf. (vet.) bleyme, sn inflammation in 

the foot of a horse. 
BLfiMB, adj. pale, pallid, wan, not ruddy, not 

high coloured. 
Blbmir, vn. (pbt.) to grow pale* 
Blessbr, Va. to wound, to hurt : to offend : to 

incommode: to ahock: to injure. Bi£ttS d 

mart, mortally wounded. 
Blessee (Se), vr. to hurt oneself: to take of* 

fence, to be offended at or with. 
Bleasure, f^'. a wound : an offence, an in|ury. 
BLBTTE,ff. (a m^dicifMJ p/ont) blite, atrawberry 

spiaage. 
Blbt, adj. over-ripe, half rotten. Poire bktte, 

an over-ripe pear. 
Bleu, tm, blue, the blue colour, one of the se- 
ven colours. Bleu, deeiel, sky-blue. Bleu 

de Prtuie, Prussian blue. 
Bleu, adJ, blue, sky-coloured. 
BlbuAtre, aii;. of a bluish colour. 
Bleu I R, va. to blue, to make blue, to dye of a 

blue colour. 
Blbvir, vn. to turn blue. 
Blin, fsi. (mar.) a wedge driver. 
Blindagb, he. (mil,) blinding, a collection of 

blinds. 
B LIN PEE, va, (miL) to cover up with blinds. 
Blindbs, ff. pi. (mil.) blinds, a defence made 

of osiers or branches iniervowen. 
Bloc, em. a block, a lump. Vendre, acheter em 

Hoe, to aeU or buy wholeMlea or ia a lump. 



BOI 



shards: (with print^n) turned -up letter. 
Blocus, fill, a blockade, the eieee of a place 

fonuid bj sarnniBdiBg it with hoetile troops 

or ships. Fotra 1« frjfcia (Ttin^ p(iic«, to block 

ixp a plaee. 
Bu>VD, fm. {airtight cbloar : a fair haj or man. 
BiAND, «<(/. light, fair : (poet.) golden. Biond 

•f^tfsnt, red as a carrot. 
Blonde, tf, a fair woman : blond lace. 
Bi^ONDur, im. a fiur yonngman : a spark, a bean. 
Blonoinb, ff. a hkt jwrns woman. 
BLOimim, VR. to grow light dr firir. 
Blomdissakt, adj. (imt,) yellowish : golden. 
Blooveh, «s« (mil,) to block op, to blockade. 
BLOT,tm. (m«rr) alog^Une rtn/a(amry), aperdi. 
BLorna <fte), vr. to sitor ne squat, to He close 

lOthfSpOWBd. 

Blovsb, «f^ the pocket of a billtaTd-table : n 

frock worn by carters. 
Blousbr, v&, (nt HUiardt) to make a hasard : 

(/am.) to lead into error, to deceire. 
Bloosmt (Se), to ndsttrice, to be in the wrong 

box : {at MHardt) to hold mM*s htSU into a 

pocfesft. 

' Bt>OmBl!>i Sf* nfaovt WDM. 

Blvbt, «m. j(a plant) a bhxe-botde, a cornflower. 
BLvrm, ff. a 8p«» of fire : vparioi of wit : a 

witty dramatic work* 
Blutbau, or Blutoir, sm. a bdter, a bohisg 

dlOQl. 

Blotbb, IM. to bolt, to siffc jneal f^pm the bran. 

Blvtbrix, if. a bolting-room. 

Boa, im. (o terpint) the Iwa, a genos of ser- 
pents t>f the largest sise, sometimes 30 or 40 
feet long. « 

Bontors, tf, the socket of a can^estiok. 

BoBiKE, ff. a bobbin, a qniH for nUc, lace, and 
the like. 

BoBiNER, Off. to wind silk or lace npon a bobbin. 

BoBtNEVnB, if. a windster, a winder. 

BoBO, Ml. a smril ailment (In the lanptagt of 

MSCarM). 

BocAGB, im. a grore or thicket. 

BociroER, tn{;. rural, who delights in gropes, 

who lives in them. LetfSta hoeagh^f rural 

feetts. It is only used in poetry. 
BocAL, SSI. a jug, a decanter, a large drinking- 

▼essel : the mouth-piece of a trumpet. 
BfXiARD, im. (uith foundert) a stamper, astamp- 

ing-mill. *" 

BocARDBR ,ea. to stamp, to pound with stan^n. 
BoDiNR, $f. (tnar.) the keel of a ressel. 
BoDiNERiE, or BoxERiE, rf, bottonuy, money 

lent npon the ship. 
B(EUP, im. an oz. Dubeeuf,^b9ei. iEildshantf, 

a Toond window. 
BoovB, ff. the outer shell of a chesnnt. 
BohAmibn, fm. 1^ ^^^ «,.„ ^ «,««..-. 
BoHAMiBXi*B,ff.|* ^^' m^orwcmMtu 

BoTARD, fm. a bo^r, s Russian lord. 
BoiRE, tm. to dnnk : to soak, to sink, to blot. 
Bohre H la rande, to driiik about. Scire eomme 
ttn trott, to drink rery hard. 
BoiRR, fm. driiik, drinking. 
9018, fm«irood : awood, n ibrest: the -horns 
*tib&n, Bvit d M(0f« limrood. 'Bok dt 
46 



BON 

«hmrpent€t or ie eonttruetfrnh thnbflr* Bsif 

taillis, a copse or coppice. Bote de Ut, a bed- 
' stead . Bou de hawtefutaie, lofky trees, fifif 

de teinturef dyeing wood. 
BoitAGs, fm. timber, wsinaoot: the wood «sed 

in wainscotting. 
Boisi, kdj. wainscotted: woody. 
BoisBR, va. to wainscot. Un paif$ Uen hoit£, a 

very woody conntry. ^ 
BoisERiB, ff. wainscot, wainsoottiBg. 
BoiSBux, adj^wmdf, haruif the qnaUli«B«f 

wood. 
' BoisBLiBR, fBi. (mBf.) R liowor of wood : a 

wood-cutter. 
BoissBAu, «R. a boshel. Un beieeeem de bU, a 

bushel of com^ 
Boibsbl4b, ef» a buahelftil : as much grouad em 

can be sown with a bushel «foem. 
BoissBLiBR, fm.«<:ooper, a tuner. 
BoissoN, ff. a draoglit: a ^ink: Roy liquid 

tfaaftifldnmk. 
BoItb, ff. a box. Beite de mentre, r watch - 

ease. B<4te d pondre, a powdor-box* Bette 

mu Uttrte, a letter-box : the time when wine 

is fit to be drunk. 
BoIter, vr. to limp, to faidt, to be lanie, to go 

lame. BolMrtf'iinpietf.towa&kmieefoBeibot. 

^^lli!tf. } ^^' ^1^- It is also 

R^ectire. Le diabh he^eux, the devfl npon 
, two sticks. 

BoItibr, fm. a surgeon's-ease : r box-<naker. 
BoKET, fm. {Frenikified) a light vehicle. 
Bol, or Bolus, fm. a bolus, a pill. 
BoLAiRB, adj, (terre> Ridnd of clay. 
BovBAvcE. «f. splenoid fare, feastiDg, junket- 
* ting. Fatre bombanee, to lire luzuiionslT* 
BoHB ARDE, ff . a bombard, a piece of short uiick 

ordnance wrdi « large mouth : a bomb-ketch, 

R bamb-vesssl. 
BoMBARDBXENT, sm. R bombardmettt, an attack 

wiA bombs : l9ie net of throwing boinbs into 

a town, a fortress or a ship. 
BoMBARDXR, OR. to bcoARrd, to attRck wi& 

Bombi nuown ftom mortars. 
BoMBARDiRB, fm. R bombsrdier, OBO whoBO bu* 

•iness is to attend the loading and firing of 

mottan. 
BoMBAsijT, sm. %0Dibasin, a stuff of silk or 

crossed of cotton. 
BoMBE, ff. R bomb, a large shell of cast iron, 

round and hollow. 
Bowai, «({;'. arched, warped. 
Box BBMEKT, fm. (phy») a tingling in die ears. 
Bomber, va, to mekie convex. 
Bomber, vn, to be or to become convex. 
BoarERiB, or BooiNEBtE, ff. {am.) bottomry, 

lending on a ship. 
Bon, fm. the good qualities of a.personortlnnp: 

what is good in them. 
Bon, adj. good, usefiil, advantageous : fit, able, 

proper. Tout de bon, adv. etp. in good earnest. 
BoN, int. well ! pshaw! Bou, voue avex bien 

fait, well« you&ive acted -prudently. 
BoNACE, ff. {ntar.) a calm at sea: stillness> 

quietness. 
Boif ASBE, ac{f. (^tnn.) gooft tmpttodi sitfipio* 

withoatnudice. 



MQ BOT 

fta«MM,iB.diiiitietfiii^M14r«n,Mi|^-|lhiiii8. 1 BoHACfQvt, M^.^ertek, y <i W*lahig 1», erpro^ 
BoirioyyiiBB, |f. » ragv-plnm bo*. "* "* ' 

Bov-cBsinBK, Ml. a iSxge and ezceHent pear. 
Bono, sm, a ielMmiid,a gauiM, aakip, a pnnca. 

AcK^/awt 60iMi, to ftA in the penormance of 

aprOBiiae. 
Bo»D», tf, a dttka,m I to w lgate , alodc : alnmg 

orftopple: a bung-bole. 
BoNDia, va. to rebound : to ikip, to bomice, to 

caper, tofrtak* 
BoxanstMKNT, lai. iho skippia^ of aoma ani- 
B&ndismmeiiit dt toBwr, a rising of the 



BoKoissAifT, aM, akippiag, tjoauding, frisking. 
Bowmnr, m^ a buftg, a stopple : a bciiig-bole. 
BoHDomraa, «•• to bung, to stop witik a Imag 

ar sloppM* 
Boireoamiafe, rf, an c&ger, a tttol to make 



Simnvm, sai. iMppoaeaa, ftlid^, good Indk : 
Masaing. Ft/t ftonfcafr, adv. fortanately, 
lackilj. Jouar de bonheur, to be peoaliarij 

BoaaoMKX» tm* a aiBBple, good*>lilrtttrad man : 
.) (s^aaMig rf, <tr to, a OnlA') litfle 






BoanoHfa^.gOoi-iuMfe,siimplicitfohliauiet8. 

BoMMOaiTBa, pL laHy talk. 

Bon»tn. {com.) azoMa of the taaaipt d>ora ^a 



BoM iFic ATfONf ^« ttMuOkutioni mirtitAatiCRi, 



Boainxa, oa. to inieHtnrala, Id meHomtta, to 

make MUtor, to imprtyva* 
BoKirian (Sa), vf. to grow bettof , to meliorate, 

la ia ip f tnra. 
BoNjovn, «m. (/oai.) good daj, good monii^. 
Boirifs, ^. anoraerymaid, a ntfrae. 
BovaaAu, fin.'1lie1md3r of an anchor* 
Bo9KE-AvaKTuna, rf. a bappr erent. Dire la - 

waai asfuitfrs, to teH people v ftlrtaiie. 
Be»ir»>»onfirHB, *f. a h^Fpymid imezpateted! 

event : a succesaful love-intrigne^ ' 

Bom<<onitcB, tf, good alf: ageotaeli^ay of 

doing thtnga : the drapetjr of a eiirtain. 
BowtfBitBivtJadaiiraiiklyihoneatly.iBgennOQSt^.; 
BoavaT« jm. a cap, a bonnet. AootriM tite pret 

■a tomMt, Id lie passionate. MKttfs am Aoa-, 

ait d^ traafW, 4e <e 4a an illAnmonf . 
BoyxBT-aoooK, <m. the too <ftaioas red vxp 

worn I17 the ^Preneh tboobins : a Jacobin. 
Bo« wcTADB, rf. (<^*) capping, cringing. 
Bomrsraa, «a. (ote.) to cringa, to cottit In a 

aaonui Tiaw. 
BoKHBTBaia, (f.^hnriai^r: <lta cap^uslMrorlio-i 



BomraTiaa, sa». a cap-msker> <me who mdcasj 

ar iaBa capa. 
BoimxTra, rf. (fort.) a btiflsuat : atmaU work 

with two neaa, havfaig a parapet with pali- 



Boinmraa, pi. (aittr.) CDoall aafla, 
Bowsoin, m. good etvning, good night. 
Bowri, tf, goodness, good-nature : kisdnesa, 

ci^litj. 
BoHsa, Ml. a bokiza, a Chineae pri«lt. 



4^ 



duced from, borax. 
Boa AX, Ml. borax, a salt fonned bj the coaibi- 

nation of boradc acid with the marine dkali 

of aoda. 
BoaaoaisMx, or BoaaoaTOMs, mi. (phy.) a 

rambling in the bowels produced bj wted. 
Boap, Ml. a border, an eA^, a brhn : a aide, a 

skirt : the eztremitr of aajthing : the ahore 

of a riTer, the aeasnore : a diip, diipbosrd : 

confine, limit: lace, trimming. Un m^gs 

hard, a bumper. 
BonoAOB, Ml. (mar.) the aide plsaks of a shin. 
BoBDAoxa, vn. (mar.) to tack, totraretae-saa, 

to pif to windwasd. 
Boani, mi. gold, silver, or silk laoe. 
Boanfis, rf. {mar.) abiDadaide. 
BoBDEL, va. a bordel or brothel. 
BoBDsa, va. t9 border, to line.ta edga, to trim. 
BoRDxasAu, Ml. (msi.) a note, an aoootntt o(^ 

negociation. 
BoanvaB, rf* a tmdar, a ftaaa, «i ed9a» 
BoaiAL, adj. boreal, northern, nortiiarl3r. 
0Miaa, Ml. bsMaa, uie north ^^lud. 
BoBova, acgf.tnd s.lilitHii>f^one e^: m tee« 

ejtM maa. vn ^imlaborgiie, a Hone ainiT. 
BoBovBssB, rf. a dne-cTad Ibande : a wwM 

w^maii. 
BoBNAGB, Ml. the boutt daty of Mda; 
BoRVB, rf. aboiaid,afamdinnk,a1lBrit*. mpofi, 

a^rafl. 
Boatrxs, pi. flpoi nie n i , Bodts. 
Boatdb, adg. tfhaBow, small, fibmms, aiprtt 

homi, a man of little or no understanding. 
BoBNAB, as. to Vrand, to limit : to restrdn, to 

confine, to moderate. 
BcNivxH (8e), vr. tolimit, torestndn, ormode* 

wte cmoself. 
BoBNorxa, va. to look with one eye closed. 
BoRKOYXtm, im,tme -who looks iridi one 978 

doted. 
B08PHOBX, Ml. a tafphoms, a ncmw sea or 

strut. 
BosQtnsT, Ml. a grore, a tiiittket. 
BoBSAox, Ml. (vrefc) boasage, amboaamettt. 
B088B, rf. a fatonp on the badk : a lump, a pro^ 

tuberanee : a trnise, an extoberanee. Rotev£ 

en basso, euAoBBed: (mttr.) a powder-flaift. 

Th ckerelmr fus plait <t bdiis, to deligbt in 

miaehief. 
BdssBL AOB, Ml. flmb«8Bing;fatming wiih tgvane 

in lelisTo. 
BossBLBB, va. to emboss, to worit In relioTo. 
B088BLVRB, i^. (fr0t.)'tbiaaititralcrimpledfoim 

<of certain leairaa. 
BossBMAM, Ml. (mar.) a boatswain's mate. 
B088BB (un cable), as. (mar.) to stopper a ca- 
ble. BoMsr Cantrt, to stow tiie anchor upon 

the bow. 
Bo88BTT£, rf. a boss, a bridle-stud or knob. 

Bmsu'b, I •*'• •^ '• k«»p-bai*ad : anaTaiu 
BosBvxB, va. to bnuse, to Imtter. 
Boston, mi. (a gam« at tardt) boston. 
BoT^pied), Ml. ando^^a clubfoot, a stumpfoot. 
BoTANiQUB, sf. botany, the scienoe of plants. 
BoTANiQVB, 04/, botttuC|l)Otaiti(»U| permiiiiiig 
tobotnift 



BOU 

BoTANitXR, im, (pbt) to liotomse, to apply one- 
self to botany. 

BoTANisTE, fm. abotanUt, one skilled in botany. 

BoTTK, ij\ a boot. Une botte forte, a jack-boot. 
Une botte molUf a cordovan boot. Un tire- 
hotte, a boot-jack: a boncb, a faggot: (in 
fencing) a pass, a thrust. Graiater tes bottes, 
to prepare for a long j ourney • Mettre dufoin 
dant H$ bottett to grow rich. Uue botte de 
pailUt a bunch of straw. Une botte d^atperget, 
a bottle of asparagus. 

Borri, verb, adj. booted. 

BoTTELAOB, fm. tho bottling of hay op^straw. 

BoTTSLKB, va. to bottlo hay or straWf •. . 

BoTTBLEUB, Ml. a Qutker of hay or straw into 
bottles. 

BoTTER, va. to make boots : to help one to pat 
his boots on. 

BoTTBB (3e), vr, to put one's boots on. 

BoTTtBR, Ml. a boot-maker. 

BoTTiMB, <f. a half-boot. 

Bouc^ Ml. a he-goat : a bag of goat*s-skin to pnt 
wine or oil in. 

BoucAN, Ml. a place to smoke meat in : (pop*) 
a bad house : a noise, an uproar. 

BoucANEBt va.to smoke dry meat or fish. 

BoucAMER, vfi. to hunt wild oxen. ■ 

Bov^AwiBRi Ml. a bucaneer or bucanier, a 
hunter of wild cattle. 

BoucAVTr im* (com,) a hogshead. 

BotrcHB* sf, the mouth : the opening of some 
things. Boudiee a feu, cannons. Bouehee 
d^unfleuvOfd'une riviere, the mouth of a river. 
Mtutitione de bouche, provisions, victuals. 
De bou^, adv. by word of mouth. 

BoucHi, adi, covered, stopped: dull, heavy, 
stupid. Eeprit boueh£, dull of comprehension. 

BoucnxE, «/'. a mouthful, as much as the mouth 
contains at once. 

BoucHEBjVa.to stop, to block up: to cork, to bung. 

BoucBBB, Ml. a butcher: (jam.) a cruel and 
sanguinary man : a bad carver. 

BoucuiRE, sf» a she-butcher, a butcher*s wife. 

BoucHBRiB, tf. a butchery, a meat-market, 
shambles : a slaughter-house : a slaughter. 

BoucHE-TROU, Ml. B bad substitute. 

BoucHETURE, tf. sn inclosuro, a fence. 

BoucHOiB,Mi. the lid of an oven« 

BoucHON, Ml. a stopple, a cork : a wisp of 
straw: a tavern-bush : a lowpublic^house. 

BoucHONNCR, va. to rumple : to fondle, to ca- 
ress. Bimehonntr un cheval, to rub a horse 
with a wisp of straw. 

BoucHOT, Ml. fishing-hurdles. 

BoucLE, if. a buckle : an ear-ring : a' ringlet 
of hair, a curl. 

BoDCLER, va. to buckle : to curl hair. Boueler 
un port, (mar.) to block up a harbour. 

BoucLiBR, Ml. a shield, abuckler : a protector, 
a defender. 

BoucoN, Ml. poison. D<mn«r /eboucon, to poison. 

BoiTDBR, vn. to pout, to lo<A grufrm* sour, to 
sulk. It is also used in an active sense. 

BouDXRiB, tf. pouting, sulking. 

BOUDEUB, Ml.; ^^^ ^y^ ^ ^^ ^ ^Y^ ^^^, 

BOUDXUSB, If.) . . "^ ' 

is sulky, sour, or surly. 
BouDBUR, adj^ nXLwk, tnXkj* furly, 
48 



BOU 

Bouniw, Ml. a pn^^iing. Boudinlwnr, black 

pudding.' 
BouDiNx, sf. a knot in a glass pane. 
BouDiNiER, Ml. a pudding-maker. 
BouDiNi^RE, $f. a filler, a funnel used in mak- 
ing black puddings. 
Boudoir, Ml. a boudoir, a lady's private room 

or closet. 
BouE, tf, mud, dirt, mire. 
Bouis, tf, (mar,) a buoy, a sea-mark, to thow 

where the anchor is situated, and also to point 

out the situation of rocks, shoals, or channels. 
BouEUR, Ml. a dustman, a scavenger. 
BouEux, adj. muddy, mizy, dirty. 
BouppANT, a4j> (tpeimng of ttufft or ribbands) 

puffing. 
BouFPANTE, tf. a bufifant, a lady's small hoop« 
BouppiiB, sf. a puff, a fit, a start: a nauseous 

breath. Bouff£e dsvent, a.blast or gust of wind. 
BouFPBR, vn, to blow one's cheeks up, to puff. 

Boujfer de eolere, de d6pit, to swell with anger 

or spite. 
BouppETTE, sf. an ear knot, generally made 

with silk ribbands. 
BouppiR, va. to swell, to puff up. Un coup 

d'air m'a boufi lajoue, a gust of air has swelled 

m^ cheek. ' J&tre bouffi ^orgueil, to be swelled 

with pride. Un ttyU bouffi, a bombastic style. 
BouFFissuBB, sf. a swelling, a tumour, a prota- 

berance. 
BouFFON, tm. a buffoon, a merry-andrew. &r- 

vir de bouffon, to be the laughing-stock. Un 

mauvais bouffon, a sorry jester. 
BouFPON, adj. jocose, facetious, full of droUery. 

Un opera bouffon, b, comic opera. 
BouPFONNEB, vn. to plsy the Duffoon, to jest* 
BouFPONNXBiE,^'. buffoonery, drollery. 
BouoE, tm. a little closet : a paltry house or 

lodging : the middle of a cask. 
BouoEoiB, sni. a flat candlestick. 
BouGBR, VN. to budge, to move off, to stir, to 

wag. Je ne bouge pat de ches moi, 1 am always 

at home. * 

BovGETTE, tf, a budget, a wallet: a bag, a 

pouch, a little sack. 
Bougie, rf, wax-light, a wax-candle : (chir*) 

a bougie. 
Bougier, va, (with tailort) to sear with wax. 

Bouoon, tm, I / V VI 

BouooKHB, if.rJ^-) • K™^^*^''. amutterer. 

Bougonner, vn, (pop.) to grumble, to mntter. 
BouoRAV, tm, buckram, a coarse Unen cloth 

stiffened with glue. 
B0UIL1.ANT, adj, boiling, quite hot: burning, 

overheated : ardent, hasty. 
BouiLLARD, tm. (mar,) a squall, a storm with 

a heavy rain. 
BouiLLi, tm, boileid meat, generally beef, of a 

daily use in France. 
Bouillie, tf. pap. BouilUe pour let ehatt, 

great fuss : much ado about nothing. 
BouiLLiR, vn. to boil : to bubble, to rise in 

bubbles, to be hot or fervid. II bout de 

eolere, his blood boils with anger. Faire 

bouiUir de la viande, to boil meat. 
BouiLLOiRE, tf. a boiler, a kettle. 
Bouillon, tm, broth : a bubble : a puff in a 

gtxment : the fiie of youth : a fit of passion* 



BOU 

Boviuow-BLANc, oi. (a plant) moUeiiiy cow's 

langvort. 
BoriLLOKNANT, (u{f. boiluLg, bubbling, heav- 
ing in bubbles. 
BouiLLOKNSMKNT, sm. ebulUtion, boiling, bub- 
bling : swelling with ardour or passion. 
BoDiLLOKia IB, rn. to bubble, to rise in bubbles. 
BouLAiE, sf. a ground planted wiih birch-trees. 
BoDiLLOTTX» rf. a game at cards. 
Bouis, «m. (with tlioemakers), a glazing- stick. 
BovLAKGEB, tm, a baker, he who makes or 

sells bread. 
BouLANGKR, vo. sod n. to make bread, to bake. 
BouLANcitBE, 9f\ B boker's wife. 
BouLANGBBiB, $f. the art of baking : a bake- 
house. 
BovLB, rf. abojvl, a ball of wood used for play : 

a ImU, a round bodj, anything round. 
BouLEAu, im. a birch-tree. 
BouLEB, vn. to pout, as pigeons : to swell. 
BouLXT, sj». a bullet, a cannon-ball. Boulet 

roag€j a red-hot ball. Le touUt d'un cheval, 

the fetlock of a horse. 
BouLBTTB, gf. a little ball : a forced meat ball. 
BocLEYABD or BouLBVART, im. B bulwBrk, a 

ba-tiouy a rampart : a walk planted with trees 

round a town (like Paris). 
BouLEVERSEMBNT, sm. Of erthrow, destruction : 

oonfasion, disorder. 
BouLEVBBSBB, va. to OYorthrow, to turn upside 

down, to upset, to overset, to overturn, to 

tarn topay-turvy, to destroy, to ruin. 
BouLBux, Mtn. a snort thick horse : a plodding 

Bian, a drudge. 
BouLiMiE, »f-{phy.) bulimy, a voracious appe- 
tite': a disease attended with heartburn, and 

sometimes with vomiting or convulsions. 
BouLiN, sm. a pigeon's cove or hole : (mar.) a 

cannoh-hole : a putlog, a scaiFold-pole. 
BouLiNE, sf. (mar.) a bowline. Vent de bou^ 

Une, aide-wind. 
BocLisEB, vn. to haul thp wind: to steal in 

a camp : to dodge, to shift. 
BoruNEUB, sm. a camp- thief or robber. 
Boc LING BIN, tJii.( Frenckijied)i a bowling-green, 

a grass-plot. 
BovLiNiER, sm. a ship that goes with a sidewind. 
BouLox, sm. (with carpenters), an iron pin or 

peg, a bolt : the weight of a steelyard vr 

Roatan balance. 
BouLoxNER, or. to bolt, to fasten with iron-pins. 
BouQUE, sf. (mar.) a straight passage. 
BotTQUEB, vn. (obs.) to submit: to truckle, to 

huckle to. 
Bouquet, sm. a nosegay. Bouquet de diamantSi 

a i^g of diamonds. 
BoutiniTiER, sm, a flower-pot. 
BovQULTiiBE, sf. B flowor-girl. 
BouQVETiN, fliB. a wild goat. Unvieuxbouque' 

tin. a Itecher. 
BouQuiN, sm. an old .he-goat : a buck -hare or 

rabbit : an old book. 
BouQviNEB, on. to hunt after old books. 
BouQuiKEBiB, sf. & collectiou or heap of old 

books. 
BotrqciNCVB, sm. a hunter alter old books. 
BoirquiNiSTE, sm. a dealer ia old books: a 

•eoond-hsad booksener. 
49 



BOU 

BovRACAN* sm. barracan, a thick stioag ftolT, 

something like camlet. . 
BouBACANiEB, sm, B barrBcan-maker. 
BouRBE, sf. mud, mire, dirt. 
BouRBEUx, a^. muddy, plashy, miry. 
BouBBiEB, sm. slough, mire,' mud, puddle 

plash : lurch, scrape. Etre dans U bourfrtSTt 

to be in the lurch, to be in a scrape. 
BouRBiLLON, sm. matter from a sore. 
BouBCETTE, rf. (bot.) com-saldd. 
Bou BO AiNE or BouBG JENEjSf .(a &iuA)black alder, 
BouRDALouE, «!». B hat-bsuxd : a sort of oblong.' 

chamberpot. 
BouRDE, sf. a fib, a sham, a lie or falsehood. 
BouRDER, vn. (obs.) to fib, to lie, to speak 

falsely, to tell stories, to humbug. 
BouRDEUR, sm. "I ^ «vv * 4 n 

BovBDEu.E, tf. I* ^^^''' • •to'T-t^'l". 

shammer. 
BouRDiN, f/*. a peach bourdine. 
BouRDiLLON, sm. cloftwood for staves. 
Bourdon, sm. (an insect) a drone : a pilgtim'^ 

staff: thorough-bass. Faux bourdon, a aor 

of church-music. Planter le bourdon, to set 

tie in a place. 
Bour DONNA NT, adj. buzziug, making a loifi 

hissing sound. 

BOUBDONNEMENT, flR. B bUBZ, B buZzing : tbO 

noise of bees : a murmur, a whisper : s 
tingling in one's ear. 

BouRDONNER, VTt. to buzz, to make a low hiss- 
ing sound, as bees : to hum, to mutter : to 
murmur, to whisper. 

BouBDONNET, sm. (cHr.) a dossil, a pledget Oi 
portion of lint to fill up a wound. 

BouRG, sm. a borough, a considerable village 
with a market : a castle. 

BouBGADK, sf. a small borough, 

Bourgeois, sm. a burgess, a burgher, a citisen, 
a commoner, a plebeian : (pop.) a master, a 
landlord. 

Bourgeois, adj. citizen-like, belonging to or fit 
for a citizen. Un ordinaire bourgeois, a £unilj 
dinner. Un air bourgeois, a common look. 
Manieres bourgeoises, vulgar manners. 

Bou RG BOISE, sf. a citizen's wife : (pop.) the mis- 
tress, the landlady. 

Bourgeoisbment, CU2;. in a citizen-like manner. 

BoU'RGSOisiE, sf. burghership, the freedom ol 
a city : the body of the citizens. 

Bourgeon, sm. a bud : a young shoot : a pim- 
ple, a pustule. 

BouRGEONNB, adj> fuU of pimplos. 

Bourgxonner, vn. to bud, to shoot: to break 
out in pimples. 

BouRGMESTRE, sfB. « burgomsster, the gover- 
nor of a city. 

BouRGOGNE, sm. buigundy-wine. 

BouBRACHs, sf. (a plant) borage. 

BouRBADB, sf. the snapping of a greyhound : 
a cuff, a blow with the butt end of a gun : i 
sudden attack : a quick reply in a dispute. 

BouRBASQUB, sf B squall, B sudden and violent 
storm : a caprice, a whim : a popular com- 
motion of short duration. 

BoURRE, sf. cow's hair : wadding : silly stuff, 
trash. Sourrs (antoe, flocks of wool. Boune 
tonticet shear- wool. Lit d« 6ottrrej a flookbed 

£ 



BOU 

BoiTftitKAtr, Ml. an executiontf, t baqgmui, 
jack-ketcb : ft cruel man, a toroDientor. Un 
bourreau d'argentt a prodigal> a spendthrift. 

BouRR^E, if, brash- wood, a fagot: a bavin: 
a sort of dance. 

ffoTiraELEXENr, sm. a pain, a torment. Un 
' bourreUment dt eotneienee, a sting of con- 
science, remorse. 

BovRRBLEB, vo^ to tOTinent, to torture : to 
sting. 

BotTRRELET OT BovRtKT, im. a pad, a cushion. 

BovBRELisR, tm. a collar (tr harness-maker. 

BovftRBLLx, sf, the ezecutioner'g wife : (jfbt.) 
a cmel woman. 

BouRRER, «a. toramaftun: to stuff with hair: 
(/aia.) to ill-ute, to beat, to thrasb. 

BovRRBR (8e), (pnp.) to eat with excess. 

BouRRicHB, ^. a hamper for fowls and game. 

BouRRiQUB, «f. a she-ass: a soiry horse: a 
blockhead. 

Bou BRIQUET, Ml. an ass's colt, an ass of little 
rahie. 

BovRRu, Cf(;. cross, morose, capricious, fbn- 
tastiical : peevish. It is also substantire. 

BouRSB, if. a purse, a bag: a bunery: the 
exchange for merchants.' 

BouRSBTTE, sf, (a dim.) a small purse. 

BouRsiER, <m. a puner : a purse-maker or sel- 
ler: a steward or^ treasurer : a burser, a stu- 
dent who has a pension. 

Boi7R8iLLim, vn. Ifim.) to join in an expense. 

BouRsow, tm, a fbb, a small leather-pocket. 

BouRsouppLAOB, tm, bombastry, swelling of 
words without meaning. 

BouBsoupFLBR, 9n. toMow, to puff up, to bloat. 
Gtot hottrtouffli, a big pursy man. StyU 
hourtovLJjUt a Dombaatic strle. 

BouRsouPFLuRB, «f. R sweuiug : bloatednesa : 
pomposity. 

BocscvLRR, Btt. (pop.) to piit in confuaion, to 
place topBy-turvy or upside down. 

Bouse or BotrzE, «f. cow's dang. 

BorrsiLLAGB, a nrad-wall : a dabbling, any 
work badly done. 

BousxLLXR, en. to make a nmd-waTI : to per- 
form chnnmly, to bangle, to dabble. 

BousiLLEUR, tm. (/am.^ a mud-waller, a bung- 
ler, a dabbler. 

BovaitLEusB, tf. (fttm*) a botcher, a dabbler. 

BousxN, «m. the soft crust of freestones. 

Bousso^B, tf. a sea-compass : a guide. 

Bout, tm. the top, end, extremity. Bout d*a\U, 
a pinion. Bout dChornmitf a short man. Bout 
de ehandeUtt a bit of candle. Le bout du net, 
the tip of the nose. Le hant tout, the best 
place. L0 for foaf, the worst place. C*est 
U bout du monde, it is the utmost. Venir a 
bout de, to succeed in. Poutter a bout, to ex- 
haust one^s patience. Adv. exp. A tout 
bout de ehamp, overy ii^stant. An bout du 
eomfte, after all. jErvn bout a Vautre, all 
over. 9ur le bout du doigt, perfectly well, at 
cme's Anger's end. 

BotmnB, tf. a wnim, a freak, a fit. 

BovTANT (arc or piUm'), tm. a fiat ardir, a anp- 
porter. PiUer boutant, a buttresa. 

SorTAmorB, tf. a sort of eariar. 
otTTx* ff» (nkfr» J a witeroak* 
50 



BOY 

BotrrAx, tf. (areh.^ a buttmant. 

BouTB-BN-TRAiN, fill. R bird-caU : a many 
cmnpanion. 

BouTB-PEu, «in. a boutefeu, a linatock : be who 
fires the euns : a makebate, an incendiary : 
a firebrand, a seditious fellotsr. 

BouTE-HOBs, tm. a kind of plsy no longer in use. 
Jouer en Inmte'hort, is aaia of two men who 
are endeavouring to supplant each other. 

BouTBiLLB, tf. a bottle : the contents of a bot- 
tle : a water-bubble. Une bouteille de vtn, a 
bottle of wine. La bouteiiU a I'huile, the oil- 
bottle. Aimer la bouteille, to be fond of 
drinking. 

BovTER, va. to put or place (obi. in thit tente) : 
(mar.) to bear off. Bouter a feau, to put to 
sea. Bouter au large, to stand off. 

BouTBROLLE, tf. the chape of a scabbard. 

BouTE-sELLE, tiR. (flit/.) B Signal giveu io ca- 
valry to saddle and mount. Sonner le boutt' 
telle, to sound to horse. ' 

BotJTB-TofJT-cuiRE, tm. (Jam.) a spendall. 

BouTicLAR, tm. a boat to cany and preserve 
fish in. 

BouTiLLiBB, tm, a butler. Sommelier is more 

in use. 
Boutique, tf, a shop : a trunk for live fish. 

Courtaut de boutique, a clownish shopman. 
BouTiQuiER, tm. a shopkeeper, a tradesman. 
B0VTIQUIER. adf. trading, commercial. Nation 

boutiquihe, a trading nation or rather a nation 

of tradevmen. 
BouTis, tm. the rooting place of a wild boar. 
BouToiR, tm. the snout of a wild boar : a far- 
rier's bnttrpss. 
BouTON, tm. a button : the bud (of a flower or 

leaf) : a pimple. Serrer le bouton it quelqu'un, 

to press one very hard. 
BouTONNBR, va, to buttou. Boutonnez voire 

habit, button your coat. 
BouTONNER, tm. to bud, to produce buds or 

germs : to put forth shoots : to begin to grow. 
BouTONNEii (Se), to button one*s coat. 
BouToif NERiB, tf. button-ware, a button-manu- 

factofy. 
BouTONNiBR, tm. a button-msker, one who 

makes or sells buttons. 
BouTONNi&RB, tf. a button-hole, 
Bouts- RiMis, rerses made with words given 

as rhime. 
Bouturb, tf. the slip of a tree : a sucker. 
BouvARD, tm. (with mintert) a sort of hammer. 
BouPEAu, tm. a youn^ bull. 
BouvET, tm. a joiner's plane. ^ - 

BouvBRiE, tm. a public stable for oxen (at mat' 

kett andfairt) : a cow-house. 
BouviKR, tm'. la cowherd, a clownish man or 
BouviKRE, tf. J woman. 
BorviLLON, tm. a young ox, a bullock. 
BouvREuiL, tm. (a bird) a bullfinch. 
Boxer, vn. ^Frenchified) to box, to fight with 

the fists. 
Boxeur, rnn. (Frenchified) a boxer, a lover of 

the ring. 
BoYAU, tm. a gut, an intestine : a branch of a 

trench. Dneente de (oy«itr, a ruptore. 

mrAvniBR, tat, a guf-sprnner. 
BoTBB, tm, (mar,) a smack. 



• 



BRA 

BiAcuET, sn. a l>raeelet, an tnnlei, a locket. 

Bricbet, mi. a little hunting dog. 

Brachial, adu brachial, belonging to the arm. 

Vm artnt mdtiale, a brachial artery. 
BrachygraPhe, tm. a brachygrspher, a short- 
land writer. 
Bracrtcraprie, tf, brachygraphy, the art of 

ibort-hand writing. 
Bracmaxe, Bkahine, or Bramiv, «m. a bra- 

min or bramine, an Indian priest. 
Bracohtcace, 5tR. poaching. 
BRAcoNif ER.m.to poach, to kill game by stealth. 
Braco!I9ier, sau a poacher: one who kills a 

great deal of game to no purpose. 
Bragitrr, vn. (o6s.) to lead a merry life: to 

fcoMt, to brag. 
Bragces, Mf,pL (in ike ludietwu style), lore- 

intrigues. 
Brai, tm. a miztara of resinoas matters for calk- 

ing ships. Brai ue, pitch. 
BRAis,«f; (obf . ) back-clonts, slops: trowsers. 

BraILLARD, ffft. > ,_ , 

B«iiLLARnE,*f.S * ^™''^"' * "^W nian or 

woman. 
Bkailler, vn. to brawl, to bawl, to sqnall, to foe 

noisy or obstreperous. 
Brajlleus, «m. a noisy fellow, a brawler. 
Braillfuse, ^. a scold, a clamorous, foul- 

Boathed, woman. 
BraIjiesit, or Brairb, tm, bray, the harsh 

^oaqd M* roar of an ass. 
BxiiRE, vn. to bray, to make a harsh sound as 

of an ass : to make a harsh grating sound : 

(/am.) to talk or sing iii a load and disagree- 
able aanner. 
Braise, ^. burning coal, small coal. 
Brasibr, tm. or BttASiins, tf. a pan to stifle 

lire eoab, a stewpan, a camp-kettle. 
BRAaEi,m. to bray or bellow as a stag. 
Bran, m.^ezcrement, ordure. Bran de Judat, 

fiecUea. Bran do tcie, saw-dust. Bran de 

xm, coarse bran. 
Be A WARD, tm. a litter : a hand-barrow : the 

slnft of a coach. 
Brarcraox, tm. the boughs of a tree. 
Branche, sf*. a branch, a bobgh. Branche de 

cfiRngj u, a branch of commerce or trade. 
Bravcue-drsine, sf'. (a plant) acanthus. 
Brakcrer, va. (/am. and o6s.) to hang on a tree. 
BiAvoiER, vn. to perch, to roost. 
Bra>cries, tf. pL the gills of fishes. 
BiAitcRr, adj. bnnchy, full of branches. 
Brands, tf. heath : a bushy place ; furze, a 

bne-baah. Brandet, pi. boughs of a tree. 
BiASDEsovRG, tm. a great-coat, a surtout. 

^randAourgt, pL frogs on a coat. 
BaASDETiN, tm. brandy, British brandy. 

BrA!S0SV151XR, MR. 1 .1 , „ 

B.ASDR^w,»aE,5r. J * ^"^^'' ''''^ '^^'^ "•"■ 
brandy in a eamp. 

Bravdillemsnt, tm. (fam.) a swinging, a shak- 
ing about. 

BRAyDiLLvm, fis. to siring, to shake about : to 
agitate, t» stir. 

BRAiiDiLLtn (Se), «r* (fam.) to swing. 

BaARoiixoiRs, tf. Rawing. 

BftAMDii, va. (little nsed) to brsndish, to move 
«^WR?R,««w«Rpon. 
91 



BRA 

BRAtrnov, sm. ii wisp of lighted straw : a fire- 
brand : a wisp of straw placed on a pole and 
stuck in a field to denote that it has been 
seised. 

Brahdonvsr, va. (un champ) to mark the 
seixureofafield. 

Br A NLA NT, tm. shaking, tottering, wagging. 

Branlb, «m. jogging, tossing : the first impul- 
sion. Dimner le hranle, to set a going. 

Branlehent, 9m. motion, agitation, to and fVo : 

_ jogging. 

BitANLER, va. to move, to agitate, to jog. 

BaANLSRfVn. to shake, to waver: to be afraid. 
Ne branlex patdeld,Ao^ not stir ft^m that place. 

Branloire, sf. a see-saw. 

Braqve, sf. a setting dog, a brack. 

Braque, adj. (fam.) harebrained. 

Braquemart, tm. a cutlsss, a hanger. 

Braquement, $m. the levelling df a gun. 

BRAQtTER, tYi. to level a piece of oidnance. 
Braquerune lunette, to point a telescope. 

Bras, tm. the arm. Brasde mer, an arm of the 
sea. Brafi defauteuil, the arm of an elbow- 
chair. Avoir let brat longs, to bave great power. 
Tendrt let brat a qttelqa'un, to offer assistance. 
Avoir qi^lqu'un sur let bras, to bave to main- 
tain. Demeurer let brat eroit^s, to be idle. 
Adv. exp. A tour de brat, with all one*s might. 
Brat detsut brat deStous, arm under arm. A 
brat tmverts, with open arms. 

Braser, va. to solder. 

BRA8iER,sffl. a panful of live coals : a quick fire, 
aflame. 

Brasillsr, va. to broil a little. 

Brasiller, vn. (mar.) to sparkle (tpeaking of 
the tight of the tea at night). 

Brassage, tm. coinage, coining. 

Bti A ss A R D , tm . an armlet, an armour for the arm. 

Brasse, tf. a fathom, the space to which a man 
may extend his arms (sii feet), generally 
used to ascertain tho depth of the sea. 

Brassbe, tf, an armful, as much as the arms 
can bold. 

Brasser, va. to brew, to make beer : to mix,: 
to devise, to plot, to contrive. It is obsolet* 
in this latter sense. 

Brasserie, if. « brewhouse, a house appro* 
priated to brewing. 

Brasseur, tm. a brewer, one who brews or 
makes beer. 

Brassevbe, sf. a brewer's wife. 

Brassieres, sf. pi. light stays for children. 
Eire en brastieret, to be under restraint. 

Brassin, tm. a copper for brewing. 

Bravacue, sm. a fanfaron, a bully, an emptj 
boaster. 

Bra vADE, sf. a bravado, a boast or brag : an ar« 
rogant menace, a false bravery. 

Br AVE, sm. a brave and courageous man. Un 
faux brave, a bully. 

Brave, ltd/, brave, courageous, bold, daring, 
intrepid, fearless of danger : honest, polite, 
complaisant, gallant : (pop.) gaudy, showy in 
dress. Un brave homme, a good man, a man 
of honour. Un homme brave, a brave man. 

Bravkment, adv. bravely, courageously, val- 
liantly , gallandy, heroically : ably, cleveriy : 
well, very well. 



BRE 

Bravbb, vd. to brftye, to afiront, to dare, to 
defy, to challenge : to encounter with courage 
and fortitude, to set at defiance. 
Br AVEBiE, sf. (Jam, and oh$. ) finerj, fine dothei. 
Bravo! m. Br a va,/. int. bravo! well! an ex- 
clamation of applause used in both languages. 
Bravourb, sf. bravery, valour, courage, intre- 
pidity, fearlessness of danger : a piece of mu- 
sic brilliant and difficult to sing or play. 
Brawmrt$, pL achievements, exploits. 
Braver, va. to tar or calk a ship. 
Braver, <m. a truss, a bandage : a belt. 
Brsant, sm. (a bird) a siskin, a greenfinch. 
Brbbis, sf. a sheep, a ewe. Toiton de brebi$t a 

fleece. 
BRicHE, tf, a breach : a gap, a notch ': a hole, 

a deficiency. 
BnicHE-DENT, adj. and i. toothless, wanting 

foreteeth. 
Br EGRET, sm. the fore part of the breast: the 

brisket. 
Bredi-breda, adv. exp, applied to a thing done 

or said in a hurry, or with great volubility. 
Br>douille, sf. double points, a double game, 
a lurch (at backgammon), Eire en bredouiUe, 
to be confused. 
Bredouiilement, sm. stuttering, stammering. 
Brepouiller, vn. to stammer, to stutter. It 
is also used in an active sense. Que bre- 
douille%-vous la 1 what are you muttering 1 
Bredouilleur, sm. \ ^ „*„«^«^.. «„^ «i,^ 
Bredouilleuse, sf. r ^^""^^^^^ ^'^^ ^^° 

speaks with hesitation. 
Bref, jm. a brief, a church -calendar. 
Bref, adj. brief, short, concise, quick, limited. 

Pepin le breft {pbt.) Pepin of short stature. 
Bref, adv. in short, to be short. 
Brboe, «/'. Br&oin, Brbgier or Bourgin, sm. 

a net with narrow meshes. 
Brrhaione, rf. a popular expression applied to 
barren females, and more particularly to the 
hind. 
Brelan, sm, a game at cards, something like 
the bouillotte : a gaming-house : three cards 
of the same point. 
Brblander, vn, to gamble, to be a gamester. 
Brelanoier, sm. a gamester, a gambler. 
Brelandinier, sm. 1 r i i. i__. 

BHEtANDiNiiRE../. }* '""'''"• * huckster, 
one who strolls in the street canying wares 
before him. 
Brelle, sf. a raft, a float of wood. 
Breloque, sf. a bauble, a trinket. 
Breluche, sf. a drugget, a kind of cloth. 
Br&me, sf. {a fish) a bream. 
BRisiL (bois du), sm. Brazil-wood. 
Br^siller, va. to dye with Brazil-wood : (^obs. 

sndfam.) to cut small, to mince. 
BkBSiLLET, sm. Jamaica-wood. 
Bressin, sm. (mar.) a tackle-hook. 
Breste, sf. catching birds with lime-twigs. 
Bretailler, tm. to be always disposed to fight : 

to tilt. 
Bretailleur, sm. |i tilter, a bully. 
Bretaudeb, va. to crop a horse's ears: to cut 

one's hair too short. 
iBbetbllb, sf. a Btrap, BreUlUs, pt. Imow, 
tmps. 
5% 



BRI 

Breton, adj. and s. a Briton. 
Brette, sf. a rapier, a long sword. 
Bretteur, sm. a bully, a tilter. 

Bretture, sf. the teeth of tools, the notches 
made by tools. 

Breuil, sm. a thicket, a thick-sown coppice. 

Brbuvaoe, sm, a drink, a potion, a draught. 

Br&ve, sf. a short syllable. 

Brevet, sm, a brief, a patent, a warrant : an in- 
denture : (mar.) a bill of lading. 

Breveter, va. to give a patent or warrant. 

Brbviare, sm. a breviary, a daily prayer-book. 

Bride, sf. a lump of bread. Sribes, scraps, 
ofials. Des bribes de Grec et de Latin, scraps 
of Greek and Latin. 

Bricole, sf. a bricole (at tennis or bilUards). 
De bricole or par bricole, adv . by indirect means, 
indirectly. .^ 

Bbicoles, sf. pi. a chairman or porter's straps. 

Bricoleb, vn. to bricole, or bricoll : to toss 
side-ways : to shuffle, 

Bricolier, sm. the side or off-horse. 

Bride, sf. a bridl^, a stay, a loop : a check, a 
curb. A bride abattue, or a toute bride, adv. 
exp. at full speed. 

Briber, va. to bridle, to put a bridle upon a 
horse : to tie fast, to fasten : to curb, to keep 
in awe. 

BniDOMt, sm, a ribband tied ynder the chin. 

Bridon, fm. a bit, a snaffle. 

Brie, sf. a rolling-pin. Fromage de Brie, a fa- 
mous cheese in France. 

Brief, adf. short : quick, expeditious. 

Brier, va. to beat paste with a roUing-pin. 

BRiivEMENT, adv. briefly, shortly, succinctly, 
concisely, in few words. 

Brievete, sf. brevity, shortness, conciseness. 

Bbifer, vu. (pop, and obs.) to devour, to gut- 
tle, to eat greedily. 

I'I'eus^.'J: }('«^-) » e^r-^^ • 8»t«>«^- 

Brigade, s/'. a brigade, a troop of horse. 

Brigadier, sm, a brigadier, an inferior officer. 

Brigand, sm, a robber, « plunderer, an extor- 
tioner : a lawless and desperate fellow who 
gets money anyhow. 

Brigandage, sm. robbery, theft, plunder : ex- 
tortion, rapine. 

Brigandeav, sm. (Jam.) a young robber. 

Brigander, vn. (jam.) to rob on the highway, 
to extort. 

Brigandine, sf. (obs.) brigandine, a coat of 
mail. 

Brigantin, sm, a brigandine, a vessel with oars 
and vi'ithoutdeck. 

Brionole, sf. {a fruit) the brignole plum. 

Brigue, s/*. a brigue, a cabal, an intrigue, a 
party : a coalition, a faction. 

Briguer, va, to canvass, to solicit, to court : to 
use efforts to obtain : to wish earnestly. 

Brig u EUR. sm. a candidate, one who seeks or 
aspires to an office. 

Brillamment, adv. brilliantly, splendidly. 

Brillant, sm. a brilliant, a diamond: bril- 
liancy, splendour : a sparkle of wit. 

Brillant, adj. brilliant, shining, bright, spark- 
ling, glittering. 

BuitUMTMAt va% to cut a diunoAd ia anglef. 



BRO 

Bkiusx, an* to thine, to sparkle, to glitter, 
to irradiate, to outshine : to make a fine 
fignre. 

BsutBALE, «f. the handle of a pump. 

Bbihbjiler, va. (Jam.) to swing, to toss. Brim' 
baUr Us cloehet, to ring immoderately. 

Brimbobiox, sm. a bauble, a toy, a plaything. 

Bbin, jbi. a blade, a slip, a sprig, . shoot : a 
morsel, .a bit. Adv. exp. Vn brin, a little. 
Bria a hrin, little by little, bit by bit. 

Bbinde, sf, (obs.) a health, a toast : a wish. 

Bbioche, sf. a briosb, a sort of cake. Faire 

des brioehest (pop*) to commit blunders. 
Bbion, m. moss, a substance growing on trees, 

{MTticularly on oaks. 
Briqve, ff. a brick, a mass of clay drie4 *^^ 

btked tfr burnt in a kiln, used for building. 
BKiq'iET, «m. a steel to strike a flint and get a 

light. Battre U brjiquet, to strike a light. 
BRiQUETAbE, tm. brick-work : work done in 

iaiitation of bricks. 
Bbiqueteb, ra. to brick, to-build with bricks. 
Bbiqueterix, sf. a brick-field,' a brick-kiln. 
Briquetier, sm. a brickmaker. 
Bris, %m. ijur.) the breaking open : the wrecks 

of a ship. 
Brisams, na.pj. (mar.) breakers, rocks which 

hreak the waves: the waves themselves 

▼hich break against a rock : a sandbank or 

tbe shore exhibiting a white foam. 
Bbise, sf. {mar.) a breeze, a light wind, a 

gentle gale : a shifting wind that blows from' 

the sea or from the land. 
Bbi9e-cou, am. a narrow and steep staircase. 
Brisees, tf. pi. blemishes or blinks : steps, pro- 
ceedings. Alter sur Us bris£es de quelqu'un, 

^ oppose one. 
Brise-flr, sm. a very strong fellow. 
Bri5£.ciace, sm. thestarlings of a bridge. 
Briseue}(t, sm. breaking, rending: (tmir.) the 

breaking of a wave. 
BaisE-RAisoN, tm. (Jam.) a nonsensical fellow : 

anuulman. 
Brisbr, vn. to break, to bruise, to split, to dash, 

to crush, to shatter. 
S*I8eb,*vii. to stop, to put anend to. Brisons 

^-dessus. Let us say no more about it. 
Bbiser (Se), vr. to split, to fall into pieces : 

to be brittle. 
Brise-tekt, tm. a shelter, a cover : a defence. 
BiisFCR (d'images), nn. an iconoclast: a 

breaker or destroyer of images. 
BaifoiR, tm. a brake for flax. 
BawQUE, tf. a sort of game (at cards). 
Bsor, sm. a jug. De brie et de broc, (Jam,) 

^(. eip. any-how. 
Brocakter, vn. to buy and sell, to barter. 
BaocAXTiuR, tm. a sort of broker, a barterer. 
Bbocard, tm. a taunt, a scofi^, an insulting 

"■illery : a young roe-buck. 
BeoTASDER, va. to taunt, to jeer, to sneer or 

Koff at, to jest upon. 

lT:zi:i7. } ' *^*''' ' ""''"' ' 

scomer. 
Broc AftT, am* brocade, a rich stuff, flowered silk. ' 
BtocATKux, am. a stuff made in imitation of 

bvoe*dtt: vuiegated marble. 
5S 



BRO 

Brocbant, adj. (her.) over all. 

B BocB E, sf. a broach , a spit : a knitting-needle : 

the stem of a lock, a peg. 
Bbochbs, pL the tusks of a boar. 
'BaocHiE, sf. a spitful, as much meat as a spit 

can hold. 
Brocher, va. to work a stuff with gold, silk, 

and the like : to stitch : to knit : to do a thing 

in a hurry : to fasten with nails or pegs. 
Brociiet, am. (ajish) a pike. 
Bbocheton, am. a young pike, a jack. 
Brochette, tf. a skewer : a small stick to feed 

young birds with, a pin. Clever d la 61*0- 

ckette, to feed young birds, tp bring up with 

care. 

Brochei7r, sm. 1 • 1 -^ v _i^a v 

Bi.oci.E03E, if. / a letter, one Who rtitehe. 

books. 

Brochoir, tm, a smith's shoeing-hammer. 

Brochure, tf. a'pamphlet : a stitched book. 

Brocoli, im. brocoli, a kind of cabbage. 

Brodequin, tm. a buskin : a kind of half-boot 
worn by the stage-players among the ancients. 
Chautter U brodequin, to play on the stage : to 
write plays for the stage. 

Brodequins, pi. riding-boots, half-boots, prin* 
cipally worn by the ladies : a kind of rack for 
the leg formerly, used to torture criminals. 

Broder, va. to embroider, to adorn with raised 
figures of needle-work, as cloth, stuflls, or 
muslin : to embellish, to flourish : to romance, 
to amplify. Broder un conte, une kittoire, to 
embellish a story. 

Brooerie, tf. embroidery, amplification : em- 
bellishment. 

Bbooeur, tm. > ^ V 'J u 

■u„^^ ' .. >an embroiderer, one who em- 

AROdeuse, tj. y 

broiders. 
Brodoir, sm. a bobbin, a spool, a quill. 
Broie, tf. a hemp-brake. 
Broiement, tm. grinding, reducing into pow« 

der : the mixing of colours with water or oil. 
Broncbade, sf. the stumbling of a horse. 
Broncueb, vn. to stumble, to slip : to err, to 

fall into error. 
Bronches, sf. pi. (anat.) the bronchial vessels. 
BronchoC£le, sm. a bronchocele, a tumour on 

the forepart of the neck, a goiter. 
Bronchotomie, tf. bronehotomy, an incision 

into the windpipe or larynx. 
Bronze, sm. bronze, a compound of copper and 

tin, to which other metallic substances are 

sometimes added : a work in bronze. UnecBur 

de bronse, a heart of flint. 
Bronzer, va, to paint in bronze colour, to imi- 
tate bronze. 
Broquart, am. abrocket: a young deer. 
Broquette, ff. a tack, a small nail. 
Brossailles or Bbovssailles, tf, pi, briars, 

thorns, furze, fern : broken pieces of wood. 
Brosse, sf, a brush (either to rub or paint) : a 

head-brush. 
Brosseb, va, to brush, to sweep, rub or paint 

with a brush : to scour. 
Brossieb, tm, a brush-maker. 
Brou or pRouT, tm, browse, young sprouts : 

the green shell of a walnut, a chesnuti and 

theUke. 



BRU 

Brouailles, sf. pi. the gutf of 6sbe8 fit fewlt. 

BsouB«» ^. rime, fog, 9. thick mist, » ^mall 
momentary rain. 

Brouet, «m. broth made with milk and sui^r : 
bad broth, 

BrousttE) tf, a wheelbarrow : a small carriage 
drawn hj a man. 

BaouRTTERy va, to whoel in a barrow, to draw 
in a small carriage. 

Brouetteur, <m. one who draws a wheel- 
barrow. 

Brovrthsr, $m. a wbeel-barrowmao. 

Brouhaha, «jb. (/em.) clapping of hands, a 
noisy applause. 

Brouxllamini, sm, confusion, disorder. 

Brouillard, «m. a fog, a mist : (^mth mer- 
ekants) a waste-book. Papier brouillard, blot- 
ting paper. 

Brouille, sf, (pop*) coolness, &lUng out. 

Baouii^LEMENTy sui. (Jam, and o6f.) mixture, 
confusion. 

Broviller, va. to embroil, to mix, to confuse : 
to set at variance : to perplex, to puzzle : to 
shuiBe. (Eufs hrouillts, buttered eggs. 

Brouiller (Se), vr. to fall out with one : to 
be orercast : to perplex oneself: to be out in 
speaking. 

Brouillkrie, sf» a falling out, a dispute, a 
broil, a rupture : a misunderstanding, dis- 
cord, a disturbance. 

BRouiLtON, sm. a turbulent man : a foul copy, 
a waste-book : an intermeddler, a busy-body. 

Brouillon, adj, turbulent, meddling, prag- 
matical. 

Brouir, va. (agr.) to blast, to blight, to dry up. 

Broufssure, sJ. a blast, a mildew, a blight. 

BROVSSAiLt.ES, §f. pi, briars, brambles. 

Broussin, sm, an excrescence growing on trees 
and covered with small branches- 

Brout or Brou, 5m. browse : the green shell 
of nuts. 

Brouter, va, to browse, to graze. 

BnouTiLLcStf^.p/. sprigs: brush-wood: ifam,^ 
trifles, things of little or no talue^ 

Broyer, va, to bray, to grind, to pound. 

Broysvr> tm, a gnnder, a pounder : one who 
mixes colours. 

Broyon, sm. a bn^er, to temper printer^s ink. 

Bru or BELL£-F)tL£, sf, dsughter-tn-law, a 
son's wife. 

Bruakt or Bryant, tm, (a bird) a greenfinch. 

Brvonon, sm. a nectarine, a kind of peach. 

Bruins, sf, a drizzling cold rain, a mist. 

BnuiNER, imp, v, to drizzle, to fall in small 
drops. 

"BKvinKfdef.v. (used only in the infinitive, and 
in the taird person of the imperfect of the 
indicadv e ), to blow,to rustle : to roar , to rattle, 
to make a confused noise. 

BauissEiiENT, sm. a rustling noise, a roaring. 
Bruissement d'oreilUs'r^ tingling in the ears. 

Bruit, 5m. a noise, a blowing, a roaring, a rat- 
tling, a creaking, a cracking, a shrieking : a 
report, a rumour: a quarrel, an uproar: 
fame, celebrity : a con^motipn* 

Br V lIbItR* a4/< 0'^^') ^^^^ deserves to be bpmt. 
BrClant, a^. V. burning, scorching. 
BRt^iB-BouT or BR^i.£-T0vt, im.'a aaya-alt, 
54 * 



BRU 

BsiiLB«ovsuL8* sm, a fhort pip«: (pcp») 

strong brandy. 
Br6lement, sm. {ohs.) the act of burning. Le 

brulement 'de M^seou, the burning of Mos- 
cow. 
BrC^ler, va, to bum, to bum up, to scald: to 

parch, to scorch, to dry up : to heat, to dry, 

to set on fire, to inflame. 
Br^lrr, vn, to be on fire, to flame, to be in- 
flamed with passion or desire: to wish 

earnestly, to be in a glow. 
Br6ler (Se), vr. to bum oneself, St br^er 

Us doigts, to burn one's fingers. 
Brulerie, sf . a distillery: the works where 

brandy is burnt. 
Bai^LEUR, sm. a burner, an incendiary. 
BRi^LOT, sm. a fire-sliip : a fire-brand : a bit of 

meat made very hot with pepper, &c. 
Br^litre, tf, a bum, a scald. 
Brum A IRE, sm. the second month of the late 

French republic. 
Brumal, adj, brumal, wintry, hyemal. 
BrCms, sf. a brume, a mist, a fog : vapours. 
Br6meux, adj. hezy, foggy, misty : dark. 
Brun, tm. a dark man : the brown colour. 
Brun, Of/;, brown, dark, dusky, ofa dark colour. 
BauNATRE, adj. brownish, somewhat brown, 

inclining to brown. 
Brune, tf, a dark woman or girl : the dusk of 

the evening. Sur la brune, dusk of the evening. 
Brunet, sm. a brown man, one who has dark 

hair. Un beau brunet, a handsome black- 
eyed man. 
Brunette, tf, a brunette, a young kss with 

dark hair and conlplexion : a kind of snipe : 

a sort of shell : a love ballad. 
Brunir, va. to burnish : to make brown: to 

polish, to make bright and glossy. 
Brunir, vn, to grow or turn brown. Vos cks' 

veux brunissent, your hair is turning brown. 
Brunissaoe, sm. burnishing, polishing. 
BauNissEUR, sm, a burnisher, a polisher, the 

person who polishes gold, silver, or steel. 
Brunissoir, tm. a bumishing-stick, an instm- 

ment used in polishing. 
BuuNxssuRE, sJ, (paint.) polishing : polishing 

of the horns of stags. 
Bruse, sm, (o plant) butcher's broom, knee- 
holm, kneeholly. 
Brusque, adj, blunt, abrapt, rough : gruff, 

overhasty. 
BRU8QUEM£NT,4Kiv. bluntly, abmpily, roughly, 

hastily. 
Brusquer, va, to act bluntly or roughly with 

one. Brwquer une affaire, to engage in a 

business without reflection : to come to the 

point at once. 
Brubqurrik, tf, bhmtness, rough and blunt 

way of proceeding. 
Brut, adj, TOJi^h, unpolished. Une bite brute, 

a brute, a beast, a brutish man pr woman, 

i)u Sucre brut, raw sugar. 
Brutal, tm, a bmte, an animal. 
Brutal, adj. bmtal,bratish, clownish, churlish, 

unmannerly,savage,cruel,inhuman,ferocious. 
Bbutalement, adv, brutalhr, brutishly, churl- 
ishly, unmannerly: erofUy, inhumanly, in 

a cruel savage mannar* 



BUL 

BlVTAtMBm, 9m0'(fgm,) to «M WOf^lj, f0 JU- 

iMtt, t» ftbiMe. 

Btvriuri. ^'. bntality, inhumaaityt Mvftge- 
■<•§: bnimkiieas. cbfurlishiieM: ill-tieat- 
Boit, abusiTe words, a brutish action. 

BacTK, rf, a bffvta. a bcntal person, a savage in 

beaitand manners: a brast, an animal, a man 

detcitate of) reason. Cet kmnme ett une vrmie 

bntu, tbat man is a downright brute. 

BavxEi,us,«f.]i/. Brussels: little pincers. 

Bbcyamment, adv, clamorously, obstreper- 

oadj, noisj, with great noise. 
BsvTAST, a4/« nois^, roaring, Mustering : 

ciamorous, vociferous, obstrepetous. 
BarYias, ^, heath, fiirae, gorse, whin : a 

thorny plant : a place overgrown with heath. 
Br jsioKAiK, rf, a wash-house. 
BcikXDiEn, m. a bleacher. 
BojMDiftna, tf, a waaherwomsn, 
Bue£, tf. a pimple, a pustule, a blister. 
BvsoH, fln. a bubo, a botch, a tumour which 

rises in the groin or armpit: {hot,) an um- 

belUferras plant. 
BrcipHAL£, *m. Bucephalus, the name of 

AJezander's horse : a parade horse : {iron.) 

s sorry horse, a jade. 
BCciiE, sf. a billet, a log of wood : a stupid 

felhMr, a blockhead. 
BC'CHSR, im. a funeral pile : a woodhonse, a 

wood-hole. 
B^CBEBON, sm. a wood-cutter. 
B£x'SBTTK, sm. email bits of wood, sticks. 
BucoLiQUE, sf\ a bucolic, a pastoral poem. Les 

iMoiif««« de ThtoaiU et d$ Vhrgile, the buco- 
lics of Theocritus and Virgil. 
Bccou«us, Mij, pastoral, relating to countxy- 

t&iri. 
BvDGBT, $m, (Frenchified) a budget: a state- 
Beat of the revenues and expenses of a 

state : the documents relating to them. 
Biir, gf, the bnddog of clothes. Faire la 

^nee, to bnck clothes. 
Buffet, jst. a set of plate, a side-board. Buf- 
fet dWgue, an organ-case. 
BipFETTEB, ea. to suck any liquor oat of a 

peg-hole. 
BurrBTTEVB, sm, he who sucks liquor out of a 

^eg-hole. 
BvFFKTisr , Ml. the dressed skinof ayoungbufialo. 
Brr FLa, sm, a buffalo, a wild ox. Un vrai 

^fie, a Btttpid fellotr. 
BcppLETiN. sai. a young buffalo : Imff-leathen 
BcoLosB, rf. (« msdiemel plant) bugless^ 
BtJiBx, jf. a ftag/m, a large jug4 
Bvis, tai. (jam eurgraeu tkrub) box, box-wood^ 
BvisA«Ter BosamViBi. {abird rffn-ey) abuasard. 
BuiaaaA,4f. 8taff-weod« 
BcHMsoic* jm,» bMh, a thick and ^my shnib : 

a dtraiC fruH-tree : a Jthiijketk a small wood. 
BnsMNMET, tm, {a dim. ofbuiseon) a little bUfh. 
B«iiuoini£vx, M^ b«sh|r, f^Uof b««hee, over« 

pown with shrubs. 
Bv»epn)i»m^sai» (lapin) abnsh'-rabbit* 
BvLEB, tf, {bet.) a bnib» % ar^UioB» the bulbous 

ttattaitittmnfkmMttiMih as the tuiip, th^ 

%,«Hlthiilihe. 
finaaijsw e4^.,Mboiw,,eo«lip]|iiig • Mb or 



5d 



BUT 

buLBXP&RE, mfr*. bvlbiferaattfWlMcMtf, )mX^ 

oas>.prpducing bulbs. 
BvLBiFORME, s^'. bulbtlonii, that has f&e Ibrm 

of a scallion. 
BuLLAiBE, em. a coUeetion of bulla. 
Bulls, tf, a pope's bull : a water-bubble* 
BuLLBj od;'. in due fioim, authentic. 
Bulletin, sm, a bulletin, an official report : sn 

official report of a physician respectinjif the 

health of some personage : a little ticket* 

porporting a vote lor an election : a receipt 

of documents : a soldier's billet. 
BuRA LISTS, sm. one who keeps an office for tho 

receipt of certain public dutiea* 
BuR^T, sm. a coarse woollen stuff. 
BuBB, ff. a coarse cloth : the shaft of a mine. 
BuBBAu, em, an office, a writing- tsble with 

drawers, a writing-desk. Bwreou de la foeie, 

the post-office. Bureau d^adreetee, an intel* 

ligence-office. Prendre Vair du bureau, Xq 

inquire silly about the state of an affair. 
Bursa ucRATiE, sf. the influence of clerks in 

office. 
Bursa ucRATiQUE, odj» official, belonging to 

an office. 
Burette, sf. a cruet used in churches. 
Buagrave, sm. a bnxgrave, the lord of a Ger« 

man city. 
Bvrgbavxat, sm. the office of a burgrave. 
Burin, sm, a burin, a graver, an instrument for 

engraving. 
Buriner, vs. to enf^rave, to cut metals, stones 

or otlier hard substances with a chisel or 

graver, to cut 6gure6, letters or devices. 
BuRLSJMVE, at^f. burlesque, jocular, ludicrous, 

tending to excite laughter. 
BuBLESQUEMENT, odv. comically, ludicrously. 
Bub SAL, adj. pecuniary. Mdit bursalt a money 

bill. 

I BusARD, sm. (a bird of prey) the moor buxMrd. 
Busc, sm, a busk, a pie9e of steel or whalebone) 

worn by women to strengthen^beir staya. 
Buss or Buzs, $m. (a 6ird of prey) a.bnmiid : 

a simpleton. 
BusQUBR, va. to pl^t a busk in a woman's stays* 
BusQUEH (^)4.vr, to put a buskin ooe^s stays. 
Bus^oiiajS, 4^'. a sort of Jitomacher : a st^<« 

hook. 
Busts, sm. a bn»t, the figure of a person, shoiv* 

ing only the beadl, shonldei^s, and stomach* 

£^0 a ua beau buste, sli^ hasa fine head an4 

shoHldere. 
But, sm. a mark, an aim, an end, a desini : 
- adv. eap. bui a but, ^ven, on a par. i>s o«l 

.en bUncp abnipUy, without reflection. 
Bu TB^ rf. a iJirri^r's buttress. . 
BuTJBE, 5^'. stone-work at the end of a, bridge* 
B(mfia,.t;n* tohiti to aiia at; to stumble. Cf 

cheval bute, that horse is liable to stumbling. 
Bursa (Se)ik«ntoelaah, to appose one anotbfir 

obetiiifttelv. 
BuTiN, ^. booty, plnndeTr pill^^ ApQil taken 

from an enemy ; a pi«y« . . •. ^ 
BuTiKSBi vn, to pillage, to sack, to jduader, 
BuTiRBux, adj. buttery, (sX, having tiie qnali- 
. tieaer^ppfgaranpeofbntte^. . ^ , 
fiuTOBt m* ia^biri) ^ l^^m: a.stnpid^ieUaW) 



-J - i 



CAB 

BvToiR, tm, ft knife iiBed by tanneTB. 

BuTTE^ sf, a small rising ground, a mound of 

earth : a wall to fire at. £tre en butte, to be 

exposed to. 
Butter, va. to prop a wall. Butter un arbre, 

une plants, to earth up a tree cr a plant. 
UuTTiiRE, sf, a sort of riflegun, a short gun to 

shoot for prizes. 
Buyable, adj, drinkable, potable. 
BuVEAU, sm, (teith tnasons) a bevel. 
BuvETiER, $m. the keeper of a small coffee- 
house near an office. 
BuvETTE, sf', an ale-house, a menj bout: a 

place near an office where the clerks go and 

refresh themselves. 
BcvEUR, sm, a drinker, a toper, a drunkard. 
BuvoTTER, vn. to drink a little at a time but 

often, to sip, to tipple. 
J^uzE, tf, a tube, a pipe. 
Dy, tm, a trench, the dam of a pond* 



C, tm. the third letter of the alphabet. Un 

c, a c. 
^1, adv. is joined to the verb venir in these 

phrases. Ftent-pd, venez-^. Come hither. 

Sd et Ihf here and there. De^ par de^a, en 
0fa, on this side. 
Ck or ^1, int. Come on. Come ! ^a, allons, 

Come, let us go ! Or, ^a, partons. Come, let 

us set out ! 
9^f pron, (/am,) instead of cela, this, that. 

Ji h*y a pat de mal a fa. There is no harm 
* in that. 
Cabale, tf, a cabal, an intrigue : a number of 

persons united in some close and evil design : 

a faction : secret artifices : the Jewish cabal 

or cabala. 
Caraler, vn, to cabal, to intrigue, to unite in 

secret artifices to effect some evil 

to plot. 
Cabaleur, tm, (Jam.) a caballer, an intriguer. I Cacao, sf.\ cacao or cocoa-nut 



design : 



GAG 

Cabinet de verdure, a green ariMor, a bower. 

Le cabinet de St. James, de VertatUet, the 

English, the French cabinet. Cabinet d*ai' 

tance, a water-closet. Homme de cabinet, a 

studious man. 
Cable, tm. (mar,) a cable, a large strong rope 

or chain, used to keep a vessel at anchor. 
Cablbav, tm, (mar,) a little cable, a cablet, a 

mooring rope. 
Cabler, va. to twist several ropes together to 

make a cable of them. 
Caboche, tf. a hobnail, a pate, a noddle : a 

head. Bonne caboche (Jam.) a man of sound 
' judgment. Grotte caboche, a loggerhead. 
Cahochon, tm. a precious stoqe, polisbed, but 

not cut. It is also adjective. 
Cabotage, tm. (mar.) coasting, the coasting 

trade. 
Caboter, tm. to coast, to sail along the- shore 

or hj the sea-coast. 
Cabotier orCABOTEUR, <m. (mar.) a coaster, 

a coasting ship. 
Cabrer (Se), vr. to rear, to prance : to fall 

into a passion. 
Cabri, sm. '(an animal) a kid, a young goat. 
Cabriole, sf. a horse's capriole : (in dancing), 

a caper, a high leap or .spring. 
Cabrioler, vn. to caper, to cut capers; to leap, 

to jump very high and nimbly. 
Cabriolet, tm. a cabriolet, a gig, a one-horse 

chaise, a light carriage. 
Cabrioleur, sm. a caperer, one who capers, 

leaps or dances. 
Cabron, sm. a kid's skin. 
Cabus, adj. is only used with chou. Un ehcu 

cabus, a hard cabbage, a drum-head cabbage. 
Caca, sm. (used bif children only) excrdment» 

a nasty dirty thing. 
Cacaber, tm. a verb used to express the cry of 

partridges. 
Cacade, tf. (Jam.) a sad balk, a baffle : an ex- 
travagant and unsuccessful enterprise. 
Cacalie, tf, (a medicinal plant) cacalia. 



Cabaliste, tm, a qibalist, a Jewish doctor who 

* ' professes the study of the cabala. 

CABALibTiptjE^, ad/.'cftbalistk^cabaiistieal, per- 
taijiine to the. Jewish cabala. 

CABAffj on. ftiB!oak'Vith-acape. 

CrABA!«E, sf. a cottage, areata, a tilt: - 

C-ABANoif, m.ii-hut,- «oeR,' k^MibiAw Let ea- 
banont d\ne priton, d'une maison<tefoutf the 
ciBlU of a pribott^or (6f a mad^hbtis^. • 

G^A^ET,'m.a'^blie-hoiHie» a tRvemt a tea- 
board. ' Cabaret borgn'ei vi^itl^ povhouse. 

Cabaiie']i:ie^, «m. -a^ttbircan, ^ p^blie-house- 
,, l«iej)er. "• •''• - -'^ -'■'■ ■'■ »•'• ■ ■ '••'.. '^ • - ■ • 

C^BARErHbiE, '»f..« tmWican's'iwife, a«pablle- 

• 'Irouse-ketfpef. - -• ^^ -'---. " 

Cabas,' tm. assort Of l8rge-¥eiiiele,'Q0' longer in 
use : a paltry cfmriage : a frail, -abiiaket made 

-' '^if^ruA«s,iawWch^ fruit is exported, t ' 

CABi^ssET, tm. Cobs.) a kihd of hetmet^-' 

CAkkermit, «n.i \Ftenchified}{niar-.)'ihh ttpitesk 

" -orithe capstenrofa ship^. ••' • - 

Cabillaud or CskBLrAUi Mivfriilfhcod, codfish. 

CABtiTEr, :tm. a -dbset,- « Btfudy^ .'Sr niusititti, a 



Cacaotier, tm. the cocoa or chocolate-ti*ee, a 

native of the West Indies. 
Cacaoti&re, rf. a plantation of cocoa-trees. 
Cachalot, tm. cachalot, a sort of whale, but of 
■ a less size, usually called the spermaceti 

whale. 
Cache, tf. a lurking-hole, a hiding-place. 
CAtikcvFRB', im. a fine soft shawl, made at 

Cacfaemire> a town- in the East Indies, from 

which it has tikejkth^^name. 
CAGtfERjklav4d1iide, to«oaceal»^to keep close or 
• ^ Mcret.- -St ienir-eacki, lo ke^ <mt orthe way. 
Cacher (Se), vr. to hideonea^. to abioond, to 

liv^ r^tered; %b kee^ f A>m ai^ht. Jewe m^€n 

-cache pat, I do it o^enlyi 1 asa; notasfaamed 

of it. . : ' . - ■ * 

Cachet, wii. a-%ealt .t^ ittpresaion made by a 

seal: a signet. .••.-... 

Cachet^R) 'Hoi to seal; to- fasten with >a: MtSL 
'PamUcaeh^er, wafers. ^ • • . 1 

OACHErra; ^'.-^ lurking-holiSf^ a little hiding 

place. En cachette, adv. sedMtly; uniderband. 
Cachaxib, eftifihv*') caefclexy, • au' ill habit of 



cabinet of curioutiet: a c«biiiaft*eg|»oil« 1 body, a deranged ««il»«f^4Miftiitttti^ 
56 



CAD 

Cacbot, im. a dungeon, a olo8e pfiflon, a deep, 
duk, Bubternineoas place of confinement. 

Cacbottebis, tf, the act of concealing or 
Jiidiog: (/am.) a minntions precaution to 
lade unimportant things : an air of mystery. 

Cacbov, sm. cashoo, a resinous and astringent 
substance extracted from a kind of Indian 



CAI 

Caduc, adj. frail, decrepit, broken down with 

age, wasted or worn out, perishable : that 

threatens ruin. Mai cadue, epilepsy, the 

falling sickness. Vd^ caduc, old age. 

CADUcitE, sm» caducous. Mercury's wand or rod. 

Caducit^, sf, caducity^ tendency to fall : de- 

cay : ruinous state. 
Cafard, adj. and ini. a hypocrite, a dissembler. 

Un air cafard^ a mask of hypocrisy. 
Cafari^ebib or Cafardise, s/^. hypocrisy. 
Cafe, sm. coffee, a coffee-house. 
Capktier, fm. a coffee-house man: one who 

keeps a coffee-house. 
Cafbtx&rb, sm. a coffee-pot: (Jam.) the wife 

of the eoffee-houso'kef^per. 
Cafey&rb, $f. a plantation of coffee-trees. 
Cafier or Cafbybr, «m. the coffee- tree. 
Cage, sm. (mar.) a birdcage. Mettre en cage, 
(J[am.) to imprison, (mar.) Cages d pouUs, 
hencoops^ 
Cagbe, $f. a cageful : a quantity of birds shut 

up in a cage. ^ 

Caonabo, 5m. 1 a lazy and cowardly man or 
Cagnabde, sf. J woman. 
Caonaro, adj, idle, lazy. Uru vie cagnarde, 

a lazy, slothful life. 
Cagnardbr, vn. to live idle, to use oneself to 

an idle or lazy life. 
Cagnardise, sf. laziness, slothfulness. 
Caoneux, a^;.- bow-legged, bandy-legged. 
Cagot, adj. and subst. a bigot ; bigoted, hypo- 
critical. 
Caooterie, sf. the act, the conduct of a bigot. 
Cagotisme, sm. the creed, the tenets of a bigot. 
Caoov, sm. a scrubby fellow, a man who avoids 
company under the apprehension of spending 
money. 
Cahier, sm. a few sheets of paper stitched : a 
copy-book, a day-book. CaJiier defrais (Jur.) 
a bill of costs. 
Cahin-Cama, adv. etp. (/am.) so, so: with 

much ado. 
C A HOLT, sm. a jolt, the shake of a carriage on 
rough ground : an accident, an unforeseen 
delay in the^ conclusion of an afiair. 
Cahotage, sf'. jolting, the shock of a carriage. 
Cahoter, vn. and a. to jolt, to shake as a car- 
riage. 
Cahute, sf. a hut, a horel. 
Caieu, sm. (bot.) a sucker, an off-set : a flower 

sprung from a sucker. 
Caille, {f*. a quail, a bird of passage, something 

like a partridge, but much less. 
Caill6, sm. curdled milk. 
Caill£, adj. curdled. SangcailU, clotted blood. 
Caillebotte, sf. curds of milk. 
Caille-laft, sm. (a -plant) the cheese-rennet. 
Caillement, sm. the curdling of milk: the co- 
agulating of blood. * 
Cailler, va. to curdle, to coagulate. 
Cailler (Se), vr. to curdle (as milk), tocoagu- 

late (as blood), 
Cailletage, sm. gossipping, idle talk. 
Cailletbau, sm. a young quail. 
Caillbtte, sf. the rennet-bag : a silly gossip. 

C Ai llfter, to gossip, to talk at random, to con- 

CjkMiBft, WsL 40 vmwvft to fit> to suit, to agreej yerse upon the most insignificant subject. 

WltB* • — -^ * -- 



Caciquk, fln. a cacique (an American prince) : 
a sort of bird, something like a sparrow. • 

Cacis, sm. (fruit and tree) black currants. 

Cacocbtme,»a4^'. cacochymic, cacoohymical, 
baring the fluids of the body Titiated[ : pee- 
rish, capricious. Humeur eacochyme, a pee- 
j'ah humour. 

Cacochymie, sf. (a disease) caoochymy, a 
ricions state of the vital humours. 

Cacopbonie, $f. (mus.) cacophony, a combi- 
nation of discordant sounds : (rhet.) an un- 
couth or disagreeable sound of words : a mis- 
take, a blunder : (phy.) a depraved voice. 

Cadastre, sm, a terrier : a survey or register 
of lands : doomsday-book (in England). 

Cadastre R, va, to register the lands of a state : 
to take a survey of, to measure, them. 

Caoavbbeux, adj. cadayerous, having the 
qualities of a dead body : pale, wan, ghastly. 

Caoavbe, sm. a cadaver, a corpse, a dead body. 

Caoeau, sm. a gift, a small present : a flourish 
(in writing). Se faire un grand eadeau de 
fuelque chase, (Jam.) to treat oneself with a 
thing, to promise oneself great satisfaction 
from it. 

Cadenas, sm, a padlock, a kind of moveable 
lock. 

Cadenassbb, va. to padlock, to fasten with a 
padlock. 

Cadence, rf. cadence, cadency, a fall of the 
voice in reading or speaking, as at the end of 
a sentence : the general tone in reading verse : 
a shake, time. AlUr en cadence, to keep 
time in dancing. 

Cadencb, adj. having a particular cadence, 
harmonious. 

CADK^ecBB, va. to regulate by musical measure : 
to render harmonious : to quaver. 

Cad^xb, gf. (obs.) a chain for galley-slaves. 

Cadxnettb, rf. a tress of twisted hair. 

Cadbt, sm, a younger brother, the youngest : 
a junior, a cadet or volunteer in the army. 

Cadettb, sf. a younger or the youngest sister : 
the youngest : a paving stone : (at billiards) 
a long cue. 

Cadb^b, adj. the younger. La branehe eadette 
dee Bourbons, the younger branch of the 
BoaiboQ family. 

Cadbttbb, va. to pave with a kind of stones 

called cadettes, 
Caoi, sm. a cadi, a Turkish judge. 
Cadole, sm. (with loektmiths), a Iptch, a lit- 
tle-bolt. 
Cadbak, tm. a dial-plate, the plate of a dial on 
which the hours are marked. Cadran solaire, 
a snn-dial. 
Cauue, msi ^paaoM, a picture : (mar.) a bed 



71 TVtno UL/VJU «r*f9 uavow «J4a«giituvaufc DUVJV7VV. 

1 CAiLLETOT,<m«a young torbot: asortoftnrbot. 



CAfc 

Caiixot* tm % dot 9f Wood. 
Caillot-ro8at> tm, a roie* water pear, 
Caillou, «m. a.fiint-Btone, a cobble-stone, a 

* pebble. 
t^AiLLOUTAOE, im. a heap of stonee ; rock-work. 
Caiman, tm, a caiman or cayman, the aUigiCtor 
or American crocodile. 

C:ArMANDE.,/.r.*"y^*^'- 

Caim ANOER, vr. to beg out of lazineas. 

Caimandeur, s«. a mean beggar. 

Caique or Caic, sm. (mar,) a galley-sloop. 

Caisse, sf. a chest, a box, an iron-box to keep 
das^ in : the cash itself : the office where 
cash is paid : a drum. Battre la eaiste, to 
beat the drum. Tenir la caisup (fom.) to keep 
the cash account, to be a ca^-keeper. Livre 
de caisse, the cash-book. 

CaissieRi tm. {com,) ■ cash-keeper. 

Caisson, sm, an ammunition-waggon, a tum- 
bril : the box under the seat of a coach : 
(mar,) a locker : (arch,) a coffer-dam. 

Cajoler, tia. to cajolor to flatter, to deceive or 
delude by flattery : to wheedle, to coax. . 

Cajolsrje, if, cajolery, fawning: vain praise, 
a wheedling to deluae. 

CAI0LEUR,m. 1 j^j j^^ ^ 

Cajolevse, 8f% J J ' 

wheedler, a coaxer. 

Cajute, if. (inar.) abed in a ship, a hammock; 

Cal, tm, a callosity, a bony hardness in the 
hands or feet. 

Calaison, Mm, (mar.) the depth of a ship. 

Calambour, «m. an Indian odoriferous wood. 

Calamekt, sm, calamint, an aromatic plant and 
a weak corroborant. 

Cal AMINE or PiERRECALAMiNAiRE,sf. calamine 
or calamin, lapis calaoiinaris, an ore of ainc 
much used in the composition .of brass. 

Calamite, sf\ dry storax: a magnet, a load- 
stone. 

Cal A MITE, sf. a calamity, any great misfortune, 
any cause of miseir : a disaster : distress. 

Calamitevx, adj, calamitous, full of misery, 
distressful : wretched, miserable. 

Calanobe, sf. (a little insect) a weevil : a ca- 
lender, a machine to press clothes and make 
them smooth and glossy, amangle, ahotpress : 
(nat, hist,) a sort of Urk. 

Calakorer, va, to calender (cloth), to mangle. 

Calanoreur, sm. a calenderer or calendrer, the 
person itho calenders cloth. 

Calcaire, adJ, ca)carious, partaking of the 
nature of lime : chalky, 

Calcameum, sm. (unat,) calcaneum, the heel- 
bone. 

CALcinoiNE, sf, calcedony or chalcedony, a 
mineral called also white agate. 

Calcination, sf. (r^i/m.) the act of calcinating. 

Calciner, va. to calcine, to calcinate, to reduce 
a substance tola powder or to a friable state 
by the action of heat. 

Calciner (Se). vr. to be calcined, to be con- 
verted to a calix by the action of heat, 

Calcul, cai. calculation, the art er manner of 
compntinff by numbers : (chir,) calculus, the 
atone in the bladder or kidneys. 

C^LCVLABLX, adj. cakiiUbleiCompntable* 
58 



CAL, 

CALCDLA7Bvi,fiii.acalcvlator: mh 

one who computes or reekona. 
Calcvlkr, im. to calculate, to compute, to 

reckon : to adjust br computation. 

Calculeux,<u(;. (p^t/*)c*^^^^*>*> stony, gritty, 

hard like stone. 
Cale, tf. a wedge pat under the feet of a thing 

to make it even : (mai*.) a road for ships : a 

ducking. Fond de caLe, the hold of a ship. 
Calebassb, sf, (a plant and fruit) a calabaafa, a 

gourd, a vessel made of a dried gourd-shell. 

Fruuder la calebasse, (prov,) to cheat one out 

of his due »bare. 
Caljccne, f/'. a calash, a light chariot er car- 
riage used for taking the air. 
CALE90N, sm, drawers, a close under-garment. 
Calefaction, «f'. calefaction, the act of wann- 
ing or heating. 
Calsmbourq, tm, a pun, a quibble: a word 

that has at once different BBeanings. 
CALBMBOtBisTB, Ml. a punstOT, B qoibbler. 
Calembredainb, tf. an idle story or talk« 
Calenoes, $f. pi, the calends, the first day of 

eai;h month, among the Romans. Aux ca- 

lendes Grtcquet, at latter Lanuua, never. 
Calendrieb, tm. a calendar or an almanack. 
Calenture, sf, a calenture, a fever fre<|aent 

at sea. 
Calepin, sm. a memorandum, notes, extracts. 
Caleb, va. to support, to prop, to wedge up, 

to level with a piece of wood: (star.) to 

strike sail : to submit, to strike to. 
Caleb, tm. (mar.) to founder at sea. 
Calpat, tm. (mar.) the calking of a ship : the 

oakum or spun yam used for calking : a calker. 
Calpataob, im. (mar,) calking. 
Calfater, va, to calk a ship, to drive oakom or 

spun yarn into the aeama of a ship. 
CALFAT*EUR,tm. (mar. )acalker,amanwho calks. 
Calpatik, tm, (mar,) a calker*8 apprentice. 
Calpeuyraoe, tm, the stopping of chinks. . 
Calfeutrer, va, to stop the chinks of a door 

or window to prevent the wind from coming in. 
Calibre, tm, the bore or sise of a gun: the 

sise of a ball : worth, value : diameter, aiae 1 

quality, sort, temper, kind. 
Calibres, va, to dispart a piece of ordnance : 

to measure the bore of a gun, to aiie a bullet. 
C ALICE, tm. a chalice, the caUxorcupof a flower. 
Calicot, im. (Frenebijied) calico, white or un- 

printed cotton cloth. 
C A LI PAT, tm, caliCite, caliphate, the dignity of 

a caliph. 
Califs, tm. a oalif or caliph, a representative of 

Mahomed. 
Califourchon (a), adv. exp, astraddle, with 

the legs across any thing. 
C A Lio I N Eu X , adj. califfinous, obacure,dim, daric. 
CiLiN,a4;.and<.coaxuig,wheedling: indolent. 
CIlinsr, va, and n. to wheedle, to coax for the 

purpose of obtaining a favour. 
CIlinbr (Se), IT. (Jam,) to sit or restateaM* 

to take great care of oneself. 
Caliorne, tf. (mar.) the main-tacUn. 
Callsux, md. callous, hard, indttfated ; ioMli^ 

sible, unfeeling. 
CAi.LiORAF0i»<si«ac9lvnti ofte wb» wiittt 

a beautiful hand. 



CAM 

CAuc^ifbu, rf, edigiaphy, the knowledge 
ofanejentmamiscripts : &irar elegant writing. 
CiLLOfiiri, gf'. calloeity, the hardneM of the 
cicatrix of an ulcer. 

CiLVAKOE, ^. a kind of woollen aatin. 

CiLiiANT, «m. a cakning remedy. 

Calvast, adj. calm, quiet, stiJJ, tianqail : un- 
^ distttrhed, not agitated. 

Cauie, tm, a caUn at sea, cahnnesa, tranquil- 
Ktj of mind : serenity, stillneaa, repose, 
freedom from motion. 

CiLMEB, m. to calm, to still, to appease, to 
allaj, to pacify, to quiet. 

Calmer (Se), to hecalm, to grow calm. 

CiLO]iEL,sin. calomel, a preparation of mer- 
cuTj much used in medicine. 

Calomsiateob, «ai. a calumniator, a false ac- 
coser, a defamer, a backbiter, a slanderer. 

CALOMMATnicE, if, a slandfess, siie who ma- 
licioualj propagates fitlse acciuuitions or re« 
ports. 

Caloxnie, gf. calumny, false imputation, ma- 
licious aspersion, defamation, slander. 

CALOMNiEn, va. to calumniate, to slander, to 
a^rse, to defame, to accuse falsely. 

Calohnieusbment, adv, calumniously, slan- 
derously. 

Calohnievz, a^j, calumnious, slanderous, de- 
famatory, injurious to reputatfon. 

CALoaiFiQUB, «(;. calorific, heating, producing 
heat. 

Calobim&tre, <m. a calorimeter, an instrument 
to measure the degree of heat. 

Caloriqve, ad;, ca^ric, pertaining to the mat- 
ter of heat. 

Calotin, tm. a macaroni parson, a coxcomb. 

Calottb, d'. a calotte, a cap or coif : {pop.) a 
•lap on tne head : {arch,) a cayity, a cup or 
cope. 

Calottibr, $m, a calotte-maker. 

Calqve, 9m. a counterdrawing. l^rendre un 
ca/fMe, to counterdraw. 

Calol'eb, va. to counterdraw, to take the out- 
lines of a print : to copy, to imitate. 

Calus, tm. a callus, a hardness in the skin : 
obdnncy , hardness of heart. 

Calvaibe, sm. a calvary, mount Calyary in 
Palestine. 

Calville, sm. caWille, a sort of apple. 

Calvin ISM e, «m. Calvinism, the theological 
tenets or doctrines of Calvin. 

Calviniste, jm. a Calvinist, a follower of Calvin. 

CAivrriE, «f. {phy.) baldness, a state of being 
babL 

Camaibu, sm. a camaieu or camayen, a stone on 
which are found various figures of landscapes. 

Caiiail, sm. a short cloak worn by the pope, 
the cardinals, and bishops, over the rocket. 

CAMauADE, «m. a comTa4e, a fellow, a mate, a 
companion, a partner, a friend. Un cama' 
r^ade d*^eoU, a school-fellow. 

Car ABp, a^, and *. flat-nosed, a flat-nosed man 
•r woman. 

Cahbiste, fin. aoambistj a dealer in bills of ex- 
change, an exchange-broker : a treatise on 
foreign changes. 

Cambodis, am. eooni» gome, the black grease of 
etizts and presses. 
59 



CAM 

Cambbeb. va, to eamber, to arch, to yinltf im 
crook, to bend. 

Cambber (Se), vr. to warp, to lose its proper 
course or direction. 

Caubrube, »f. cambering, arching, warping, 

, bending, the crooking of a thing. 

Ca&ibe, sm. a cameo, a stone representing fi- 
gures in basso-relievo. 

CAMiADE, sm. a kind of wild pear. 

Cambleom, ttn. a ehameleota, a kind of lisard. 

Camblbopabd or Gibaffe, cdi. a camelopard, 
agirafT. 

Camkline, ff. {a plant) camelina. 

Camelot, sm. camelot. camlet, a stuff originally 
made of earners hair. It is now made of 
wool, silk', or hair. 

Camelotte, sf. small or paltry work. 

Cambrier, tm. the pope's chiamberlain or car- 
dinal. 

Cambrlingat, sm. the pope's great chamber- 
lain's ofiice. 

CAii[EBx,iNou£,<in.thepope's^atchamberlain. 

Camion, sm. a small pm : ja little cart. 

Caaiisade, sf, acamiiwdo, an unexpected attack 
at night. 

Camisahd, sm, a camisard, a kind of religious 
fieinatic. ^ 

Camisole, sf. an under-waistcoat, a jacket. 

Camomille, sf, camomile, a genus of plants of 
many species, 

Camouflet, sm. alighted paper held under the 
nose of one who sleeps : an affront. 

Camp, sm. a camp, an army that is encamped. 
Camp volant, a flying camp. Lever le camp, 
to decamp. 

Camp A ON A RD, sm, a countryman, one bom in 
the country 1 a man who lives in the country : 
a farmer, a husbandman. 

Campaonakde, sf, a countrywoman. 

Campagnaro, a^;'. rustic, clownish, churlish. 
Un air campa^nard, a clownish look, 

Campagne, sf, the country, the fields : a cam- 
paign, an expedition. GtntiUiomme de cam- 
pa gne, a country-gentleman. Maison de cam- 
pagne, a country-house. Piece de campagne, 
a field-piece. Battre la campagne, to scout: 
(fig.) to wander from the subject : to tave. 
Entrer en campagne, to take the field. En 
pieine campagne, in the open fields. 

Campagnol, sm. {not, hist.) a, field-rat. 

Campane, sf. a kind of fringe: {arch.) a bell, 
the body of the Corinthian and composite 
capital. 

Campanette, sf the blue-bell flower, the Can- 
terbury-bell. 

CAMpicHE (bois de), sm, logwood^ a resinous 
tree used for dyeing. 

Caupemknt, sm, an encampment: a camp, a 
regular set of tents or huts for the accommoda- 
tion of an army. 

CAMPER,va.andfi.toencamp: tobebadlyoff. Le 
voilabien campt, (fam.) he is in apretty hobble. 

Camper (Se), vr. to encamp, to place oneself, 
to settle. 

Cam PERCHE, fff. a wooden bar. 

Camproriqub, ocj;. camphorate, camphorated, 
jpertainiog to camphor, impregnated with 
camphor* 



CAN 

'CAMPflRX, Ml. camphor, a solid coneretajaice 

fFom the lauros camphora. 
CAMPHRi, adj. camphorated, impregnated with 

camphor. 
Cahphrier, jifi. the camphor-tree, the tree from 

which camphor is obtained. 
Campine, sf, a sort of fine pullet. 
Campos, sm, a play-day, a noliday. 

n . .-„-!. -r r » flat-nosed man or woman. 
Camusk,*^. J 

Camus, adj, fiat-nosed : balked. Le voila lien 
camus, he is sadly balked. 

Canaille, sf. the rabble, the mob, the dregs of 
the people. 

Canal, sm, a canal, a channel, a strait: a 
waterconduitorpipe: way, means. Canaux, 
pi. {arch.) flutings. 

Canape, sm. a canopy, a coach, a sofa. 

Canapsa, m, a knapsack, a bag. 

Canard, 5m. a duck, a drake: a water-dog, a 
spaniel. 

Canarder, va, to shoot at a person from a 
sheltered place. > 

C ANA RDiin E, gf. a decoy for wild ducks : a long 
gnn to shoot them : a loophole to shoot at 
the enemy. 

Canari, sm. a canary-bird, a singing bird ori- 
ginally from the Canary Isles. 

Canasse, tf. canister. 

Cancan, sm, a boisterous complaint : a pother, 
a noise : a slanderous story, an inconsiderate 
, speech. 

Cancel, sm. the chancel of a church : the grand 
seal ofilce. 

Cancellation, gf, (Jur.) cancellation, re- 
scission, I 

Canceller, va. (jur.) to cancel, to rescind a 
writing. 

Cancer, sm. (phy.') a cancer, a roundish, hard, 
and scirrhous tumour of the glands, which 
usually ulcerates : (ast.) Cancer, one of the 
the twelve signs of the zodiac. 

Cancereux, a^. cancerous, like a cancer, hav- 
ing tbe qualities of a cancer. 

Cancre, sm. a crab-fish : a pitiful fellow, a 
miser. 

Cand^labre, sm. a chandelier, a frame with 
branches to hold a number of candles. 

Canoeur, sf. candour, openness of heart, frank- 
ness, ingenuousness of mind : sweetness of 
temper : plain dealing, sincerity. 

Canoi (sucre), «m. sugar-candy, candied sugar. 

Candid AT, sm. a candidate, a competitor, one 
who seeks or aspires to an ofiice. 

Candidc, adj. candid, fair, open, frank, sincere, 
upright, ingenuous. 

Candidement, adv. candidly, frankly, fairly, 
openly, ingenuously. 

Candir (Se), vr, to candy, to form into crys- 
tals, to become congealed. 

Cane, $f. a duck, the female of a drake. Faire 
la cane, to be faint-hearted : to betray fear. 

Cane-peti&re, sf. (a bird) the lesser bustard. 

Canessin, sm. fine sheep's -skin, lamb's-skin 
for gloves. 

Caneton, sm, a duckling, a young duck. 

Canbttb, sf. a duckling, a young duck : (bar,) 
a dock without legs: a caa to drixtk with* 
. 60 



CAN 

Cavbvas, sm, canvass, a clear nnbleached 
cloth : the rough draught on which an air is 
composed : the plan of a work, a sketch. 

Caniche, adj. a water-spaniel. 

Caniculaire, adj. canicular, pertaining to the 
dog-star. 

Canicule, sf. canicule or canicula, the dog-star 
or Sirius : the dog-days. 

Canip, sm. a penknife, a knife used to cut pens. 

Canine, a(y. canine. Denis canines, the canine 
teeth, the eye-teeth. Faim canine, a violent 
hunger. 

C ANN AGE, sm. caning, measuring by the cane. 

Cannate, sf. a place planted with sugar* 
canes. 

Cannamelle, gf. a sugar-cane. 

Canne, «/'. a cane, a walking- staff or stick: a 
sugar-cane : a reed : a measure used in some 
places. 

CANN£LA8,5m. caudicd cinnamon, sugar-plums. 

Canneler, va. {arch.) to cut into channels, to 
flute. 

Cannelier, sm. the cinnamon-tree. 

Caknelle, £f. cinnamon : a tap, a cock. 

Cannelure, tf. {arch.) channelling, fluting. 

Canner, va, to measure by or with the cane. 

Cannetille, sf. gold or silver pearl. 

CANNETiLLER,T?a.to tie with pearl or gold thread. 

Cannibale, sm. a cannibal, aman-eater, an an- 
thropophagite. * 

Canon, sm. a cannon, a great gun, a piece of 
artillery, the barrel of a fire-arm : the 6anon 
of the mass : a canon, a decree. Canon defanUf 
a brass canon. Canon de fer, an iron gun. 
Canon de batteiie, a battering-gun. Tirer U 
canon, to fire a gun. Vn poup de canon, a 
' cannon-shot. Poudre h canon, gunpowder. 
Le droit canon, the canon law. 

Canonical, adj. canonical, pertaining to a 
canon, according to the canon or rule. Maison 
canotiiale, a canon's house. 

Ca NONiCAT, 5m. canonry, acanonship, aprebend. 

Canon iciri, sf canonicalness,'authenticity. 

Canonique, adj. canonical. Livres cawmiques, 
the canonical books. 

Canoniquement, adv. canonically , agreeably to 
the canon. 

Canonisation, sf, canonization, the act of de- 
claring a man a saint. 

Canoniser, va, to canonize, to declare a man 
a saint, and rank him in the catalogue. 

Canonists, 5m. a canonist, a professor of canon 
law. 

Canonnade, gf. a cannonade : cannonading, 
the act of discharging cannon and throwing 
balls. 

Canonner, va. to cannonade, to attack or bat- 
ter with cannon. 

Canonnier, 5m. a gunner, a cannonier or can- 
noneer, an artillery -man, an engineer. . 

Canon ni&re, sm. a loop-hole {to shoot through): 
a pop-gun : {mar.) a port-hole : a gunner's 
tent or tilt. ChaUnipe cannoniere, a gun-boat. 

Canot, sm, a canoe, a small boat, a ship's 
boat : a boat made of bark or skins, used by 
savages. 

Canotixr, tm, a roweri one who manages the 
oar* 



CAP 

CaiTTABiLB, (Ital) adj. (mtu.) cantabile, that 

mMj be easilj nuig. 
C42irrALOup, «n. a cantaloup, a sort of melon. 

C^vTATB, y. (mtM.) a caotata, a song inter- 
mixed with recitatiTea and airs. 

CAXTATaicE, sf. a songstress, a female singer. 

CANTHAaiDx, «/". {an tvueet) a cantharide or 
chantaris, a Spanish fly, which, when braised, 
is nnirersally used as a resicatorj. 

CAxnif E, tf, a canteen, a bottle-case, a tin-ves- 
sel used by soldiers for carrying liquor : the 
pisce where liquor is sold to soldiers. 

Cantinier, fia. a sutler, a man who sells liquor 
in a camp. 

Cantique, sm, a canticle, a spiritual song. 

Canton, sm. a canton a district : a coiintry, a 
small space of land : one of the subdirisions 
of a French department. 

Cantonnrmevt, sm, cantonment, a part of a 
town or rilbge assigned to troops : the act 
of cantoning troops. 

Cantonner, va. to canton, to allot separate 
quarters to an army or a body of troops. 

Cantonner, vn, to canton, to retire into sepa- 
rate quarters. 

Cantonner (Se),vr. to fortify oneself in a place. 

CANTONNiiRE. gf, au additional curtaiutowards 
the feet of a bed : a cover. 

Canule, tf, a glister-pipe : a tube. 

Cap, m. a cape, a headland, the point of a 

. neck of land, a promontofy : (mar,) the beak- 
head of a ship. De pied en cap, adv, exp. 
from top to toe. 

Capable, adj, capable, able, fit, apt, skilful : 
intelligent, soaceptible^of. Fairt U capable^ 
to pretend to great matters. . 

Capablbment, adv, (S^vign6) skilfully, learn- 
edly. ^ 

CAPAcixi, sf. capacity, active power, ability : 
capaciousness, passive power : skill, learn- 
ing, talents : the bulk of a ship. 

CATABAfON, sm. a caparison, a covering laid on 
the saddle of a horse. 

Capa ra^onnbr, va. to caparison a horse, to ac- 
coutxe. 

Cape, rf. a riding-hood : (mar.) the mainsail, 
fitre sous caps, to laugh in one*s sleeve. 
Vsndre sous cape, to sell clandestinely. 

Capxlaob, sm. {mar.) the shrouds and other 
riggings at the mast-head. 

Capblan, sm. a poor or beggarly priest : a tat- 
tered crape. 

Capelbt, sm. a swelling in the hough of a 
horse. 

Cjpelinb, sf. a woman's hat. 

Capbtien, adj. a descendant of the roysl house 
of Capet. 

Capillaire, sm. (a plant) maiden-hair : capil- 
iaire, a synip of msiden-hair. 

Capillaire, adj. capillary, capillaceous, re- 
sembling a hair. 

Capilotade, sf, a hash, minced roast-meat. 
Msttre en capilotade, to tear one*s reputation 
to pieces, to slander : (Jam.) to maul. 

Capita ine, sir. a captain, a head ar 6hief offi- 
cer, a fieneral, a commander, a governor, a 
chieftain : the commander of a ghip of war : 
tht MRgter ol > merchantman. 
61 



CAP 

Capita iMsaiB, sf. captaixiry, chieftainship> cap« 
taincy : rangership. 

Capital, sm. the main point : the capital stock : 
the principal. 

Capital, 04/. capital, chief, principal, main, 
great, important : punishable with death. 
Capitals or Uttre capitals, a capital letter. 
Crime capital, a capital crime. Peine capitate, 
a capital punishment. 

Capitals, sf,' a chief city, a capital : a capital 
letter. 

Capita liser, va, to turn into a capital. 

Capitalists, sm. a capitalist, a monied man, 
a man of large property. 

Capitan, srn, a boaster, a swaggerer, a huff, a 
hector. 

Capitan-bacua, sm. a Turkish grand-admiral. 

Capitan E, sf, the admiral's galley. 

Capitation, sf. capitation, a tax upon each 
head or person, a poll-tax. 

Capiteux, adj. heady. Biire capiteuse, strong 
and heady beer. 

Capitole, sm. the capitol, the temple of Jupi- 
ter in Rome. {In some states or cities) the 
state house, the municipal house, the guild- 

■ hall or town-hall. 

Capitolin, adj. capitoline, pertaining to the 
capitol. Lesjeux capitolins, the capitoline 
gaimes. 

Capitoul, sm. the name formerly given to the 
consuls of Toulouse. 

Capitoulat, sm, formerly the office of the con- 
suls of Toulouse. 

Capitulaire, adi. capitulary, relating to the 
chapter of a cathedral or of a convent. 

Capitulairement, adv, capitularly, by the 
whole chapter. 

Capitulant, sm» one who has a vote in a 
chapter. 

Capitulation, sf. capitulation, the act of sur- 
rendering to an enemy : stipulation, terms, 
conditions. 

Capituler, vn, to capitulate, to surrender to 
an enemy by treaty : to submit by capitu- 
lation : to parley, to enter into negotia- 
tion. 

Capon, sm. a dissembler, a man who . puts up 
with any thing so that he come to his ends : 
(pop,) a coward, a poltroon : {mar,) the 
cat-tackle. 

Caponner, vn. to txTck, to play unfairly : to 
act in a cowardly manner. « 

Caponner, (I'ancre) va, {mar,) to cat the 
anchor. 

CAPONNiiRE, sf. (mi/.) a caponniere, a covered 
lodgement with embrasures and loop-holes, 
through which the soldiers may fire. 

Caporal, sm, a corporal, the lowest officer 
next below a serjesnt. 

Ca pot, sm, a sort of cloak worn by sailors and 
soldiers. Capot {at piquet ) , capot, a winning 
of all the tricks. Etre capot, to be capotted. 

Capote, sf, a riding-hood, a woman's long 
cloak. 

CiLpRE, ff. a caper; the bud of a caper-bush, 
much used in sauces and pickling. Unetauce 
aux cdpres, a caper-sauce. 

CAPRSf fm* (mar,) a priratMrt 



J 



GAQ 

CiPAics, sfrt. a eiptiee, a whim, a ireaki a frolic, 
a fancy, a humour : a maggot. 

CAi*RiciBusfiMENT, odv. capriclouslj, fantas- 
tically, whimaically. 

Capricieux, a({j. capricious, freakish, fickle, 
whimsical, fanciful, humoursome, fantastical. 
It is also used substantively. 

Capricorne, sm. (ast.) the Capricorn, one of 
the twelve signs of the zodiac, the winter 
solstice. 

Caprier, sm. a caper-bush. ^ 

Caprxp^de, sm. (myt.) a satyr. 

CApRipioE, adj. having the feet of a goat. 

Caprisant (pouls) adj. (jpky.^ a frisking or 
uneven pulse. 

Capron, sm. (a fruit) a large strawberry, a 
hautboy. 

CAPSEr^'. a vote-box, a box intended to re- 
ceive the votes. 

Capsulaire, adj. capsulaiy, capsular, hoUow 
like a chest. 

Capsule, ^'. (M*) capsule, the seed-head of a 
plant : llie husk, the pod : (a/iat.) a mem- 
brane. 

Captatbur, sm. (Jur.) an inveigler, an allurer. 

Capter, va. to captivate, to obtain something 
by cringing. Capter la bieiiveillanee, to curry 
favour. 

Captieux, adj. captious, disposed to find fault, 
ar raise objections : insidious, crafty, de- 
ceitful. 

CApTi£usEM£NT,^a<fi7. CRptiously, iusidiously. 

Captip, sm, a captive, one taken in war': a 
prisofner. 

Captiter, va. to captivate, to enslave, to sub- 
due : to charm, to engage the affections. 

Captiver (Se), vr. to bear restraint, to endure 
confinement. 

CApTivixi, sf. captivity, servitude, slavery, 
bondage : subjection. 

Capture, sf. a capture, the act of taking or 
seizing : a seizure, a prize, a booty : an arrest. 

Capturer, va. to capture, to take or seize by 
force, surprise, or stratagem : to arrpst. 

Capuce or Capuciion, sm, a cowl, a hood : 
a riding cloak. 

Capucin, sm. 7 •* !_• r^ ^ f 

the order of St. Francis. 
Capucin A OE, s/'. a stupid sennon. 
Capucin E, sf (a jtlant) nasturtium, Indian 

cress. 
Caque, sf. a keg, a barrel. Vne eaque de ho' 

rengSf a cask or barrel of herrings. 
Caquage, sm. the dressing of herrings in order 

to barrel them. 
CAQUERyva. to barrel herrings. 
Caqubi*, sm. prattling, chattering, babbling. 

CaqtutSf pi. slander, idle talk. Rabaisser le 

coquet f to sileilce, to humble. 

Caacetaoe, •'"..Ib.bbijng, prattUng. 
Caqueterie, a/.j ^ '^ ^ 

Caqveter, vn. to chat, to prattle, to chatter, to 
talk, to chat : to cackle (a< hens), 

gossip. 
^AovsTE, sf, a fish*ttA. 
62 



CAR 

Caqvctoirb, sf» a low elbow-chair. 

Caqubvr, sm. a barreller of herrings. 

Car, conj. for, because. It is sometimes used 
substantively without plural. ' Voilk bien des 
si et des car, there are many ifs and offs. 

C AK ABKf sf {phy.) yellow amber {reduced in 
powder). 

Carabin, sm. (obs.) a carabineer, a soldier who 
carries a carabine : a rook (at play). 

Carabinade, ff. a rook*s trick. 

Carabine, «f'. a carabine or carbine, a short gun 
or fire-arm. 

Carabiker, vn. to fire and then retreat: to 
play the rook. 

Carabinier, sm, a carabineer, a rifleman. 

Caracol (escalier en) a winding staircase. 

Caracole, sf'. {man.) a caracol, a semiround, 
which a horseman makes to the right or 
left. 

Caracoleb, vn. to caracole, to wheel aboot. 

Caracouler, vn. to coo as pigeons. 

Caract&re, jm. a character, a mark, a figure or 
stamp : a letter of the alphabet : a type : a 
hand-writing: temper, disposition : humour, 
^nius. 

CARAcriRisER, vo. to chsTacterize, to distin- 
guish, to mark, to express the character: to 
describe. 

Caracisrixer (Se), vr. to act np to one's 
temper, disposition, or character : to show 
oneself such as one is. 

Cahact^ristique, adj. characteristic, charac- 
teristical, that marks the peculiar qualities 
of a person or thing. 

Carafe, sf. a decanter, a bottle. 

Carafon, sm. a flagon, a small decasiter^ a 
half-pint : an ice-pail. 

Carambolage, sm. {at biUiards) a carambol. 

Carambole, rf, {at billiards) the carambol, 
the red ball. 

C A R A M BOLE R , vn. {at biUiords) to carambole, to 
hit two balls at one stroke. 

Caramel, sm. burnt sugar. 

Caramoussal, sm. (mar.) a Turkish merchant- 
man. 

Caraqus, sf. {mar.) a caiack, a Portuguese 
'West Indiaman. 

Carat, sm. it carat, the weight of four grains. 
Un sot a vingt^quatre caratSf an arch fool. 

Caravane, sf. a caravan, a company of tra- 
vellers marching in a body over a region of 
robbers. Caravaues, pi. {pop.) youthful tricks, 
a dissolute life. Faire ses caravanes, to 
lead a dissolute life. 

Caravanier, sm. the leader of a caravan. 

CARAVANSiRAILOrCARAVAN8iRAI,«m. R CBm- 

vansery, a place appointed for lodging or 

loading the caravans. 
Caravelee, sf {mtrr.) a caravel or carvel, a 

small vessel vsed on the coasts of France. 
Carbatine, sf a raw or gteen hide. 
Carboncle, sf. a precious gem, a carbuncle, a 

rpby. 
Caruone, sf. {chim.) carbon, pure charcoal, 

the carbsmms principle. 
Carbonnadb, sf. carbonado or carbonado, a 

piece of meat broiled on coals. Unt earbon' 

nad9 de lardt a nailer of baton. 



CAR 

Cinoiri^uK, tidj. c«il»oitic, p«rteiiiiiig to ewt- 
bM«r obtafaked from it. 

Caiboiiisation, if, earbooiaation, the act or 
j i riu M of earbooising. 

Carbokisee, to carbonise, to oonrert into ear- 
boa, to redoee to cburcoaL 

CAacAiLLBK, vffi. to Call 88 qaails. 

Caicak, jm. an iron collar pasaed twmd the 
neck of criminals to tie them to a pole : the 
piDoTf. 

Cabcamb, $f. a carcass, a dead body : (iron,) 
a body, a skeleton: (arek.) a carcass: (nutr.) 
the decaying remains of a boat or a ship. 

Cabciviomatbux, adj. (phy.) carcinomatous, 
eaacarons, tike a cancer or tending to it. 

CABcfvoxB, am. (phf.} a carcinmna, a cancer. 

Cabdaminb or Cresson des fkAs, if, {bot.) 
eardamine, the meadow-cresses, or cuckoo- 
flower. 

CABDAHOMBf rf. (hot,) cardamomum or carda- 
mom, an aromatic and medicinal seed. 

CABDAsbB, rf, {bot,) the Indian fig: a card, an 
instrument for combing ftoss silk. 

Cab OB, «f. a card, an instrument for combing 
wool or iax : the chard or stack of the leaves 
of cetlain plants. Dm cardtt d*artUhaut, 
cbards of artichokes. 

CARois, sf. as much wool as is carded at once 
with boib cards. 

Cabobb, «a« tocard,tooombwool, hemp, iax, 
or silk with a card. 

CAaDBVB,MV.l _j , , 

CiBOBVSB, ff, [ ^ **"^«'' * wool-comber. 

Cabdiaibe, adj. (phy,) born in the heart. Ver 
ctrdiaire, a worm bom and bred in the heart. 

Cardialcie, rf, (fhy,y eardialgy, the heart- 
bom. 

Caediaqub, «4/« cardiac, eardiacal, pertaining 
to the heart : cordial, strengthening. 

Cab DIE a, am. a wool-card-midter. 

Cardixal, «m. a cardinal, an ecclesiastical 
prince in the Romish church. 

Caboikal, adf, cardinal, chief, principal. 

Cabdinalat, sm. eardinalate, cardinalship, the 
office, rank, or dignity of a cardinal, n 

Cabdinalb, rf* (a vianty the cardinnrs flower. 

Caedow, Am. a cardoon, a garden-plant resem- 
bUag the artichoke, but laiger. 

CABinB, jRk Lent: the sermons preached in 
lent. La nU-earitne, Midlent. Fairo U ca- 
rrne, to kept Lent. Rampre U eartmo, tohtetik 
lent. 

CABk«E-paB«iAifT, <m. the three days before 

lent, camiynl. 
CabA?! ACE, tm, (mar,') a caraening-plaee. 
CabAne, m. {mar.) the keel of a ship. 
CABiwEB or DONMEB LA CAB&NB, vc. to caresn 

a ship, to heave a ship on one side, lor the 

pnrposc* of calking, repairing, or cleanaing the 

other side. 
^ABEssAHT, odj. caressiug, fawning. 
CtarasB, rf, a caiess, an act of endearment : a 

kindness, an expression of affection. 
Cabesseb, as. toearsas, to treat with fondness, 

aff s ct ion, or kindness, to fondle, to embraoe 

with trndemeaa, to nmke nmch of.. 
CABCt,asi. tortoise, a kind of tortoise-aheU : a 

cam, a amk Owldch, ia wiitiaf , ibows 
63 



tAH 

that fottethiilg omitted In the line is inter- 
lined above, or inserted in the margin, and 
should be read in that place : (mar.) ropeyam. 

Caboaison, rf* a cargo, the lading or freight of 
a ship. , 

C ABO UBS, MR. pi, (mar,) the brails of a sail. 

Carouer, va. to brail the sails. 

Cabiatides or Cartahdes, rf. pi, (arch.) ca- 
rystes or caryatides, figures or women, 
dressed in long robes, and serving to support 
entablatures. 

CARicATUBCf ^. a caricatoi^, a ludicrous like- 
ness. 

Carib, if, Varies, the corruption of a bone : an 
ulcerated bone. 

Caribr, va. to make carious, to corrupt, to 
ulcerate, to rot, to putrify. 

Cabier (Se), vr. to grow carious, corrupted, or 
ulcerated. 

C A BILLON, «m. a chime of bells, the musical 
sound of bells struck with hammers : a set of 
bells which ring in harmony : a brawling, a 
quarrel. A double eart^jon, lustily, soundly. 

Carillonnementi 8m, a chiming, a sounding 
in accordance. 

Carillokiieb, tm, to chime, to sound in con- 
sonance or harmony : to jingle, to clatter : 
(Jam.) to beat. 

Carillowiibur, fm. a bell-ringer, a chimer. 

Carisel, fm. a sort of canvass for tapestry. 

Cariset, tm, kersey, a coarse stuff. 

C ARISTA DE, rf. (Jam.) alms. 

Carlin, tm. a corlin, a pug-dog t a Neapolitan 
coin. 

Car LINE, tf, (a plant) the carline thistle. 

Carlione, rf. (mar.) the keelson. 

Carmagnole, rf. the carmagnole, a dance and 
song reiy popular in France in 1799 : a jacket. 

cIbmeutb, •/. } a friar or nun of the order of 
Mount Carmel. 

Carmfs, tm. (at backgammon) two fours. 

Carmin, tm. carmine, a beantifnl red or crim- 
son colour. ' 

Carminatif, adj, (phy.) carminatiTe, that ex- 
pels wind. 

Carnage, tm, carnage, slaughter, great de- 
struction of men, havock, maasacre : heaps 
offleah. 

Carnassier, ad, camirorous, eating flesh or 
feeding on it : fond of flesh. 

CARNAssiiRE, rf, B sportsmau's pouch. 

Carnation, rf, carnation, flesh-colour. 

Carnaval, »m. ca^iival or cwnarat, a merry 
time, a few days before Lent. 

Carmb, tf. an angle, a comer. 

CARNi, adj. (gnrd.) of a carnation colour. 

CARNi^LE, tf. the border or ring-edge of a coin. 

Carner, vn. (gard,) to become of a ileah colour. 

Carnet, mi. (com,) a book of purchases and 
sales : a debt-book. 

Cabnipication, rf. (pAy.) eamification, a turn- 
ing to flesh. 

Carnifier (Se), vr, to canufy, to form ilesh, 
to turn to ffeshs 

Carnivore, a^f, eaynirorons, eating flesh or 
feeding on it. 

CARvonTi, rff Mraoflity, a fleahy tx«Mac«nc« 



CAR 

Carooue, if. (iow and pop.) a jade, a ilut. 

Caroline, tf, (ajiamX) the Caroline thistle. 

Caron, «f. a slice of fat bacon : larding bacon. 

Caronxule, %f, a caruncle, a tumour, a fleshy 
protuberance. 

Caronnaoe, sf. a caronade, a ihort and light 
cannon with a large bore. 

Carotides, if. pi, {phy.y carotides, the name of 
two arteries which convevthe blood from the 
aorta to the head and brain. 

Carotte, sf. a carrot, aa esculent root culti- 
vated for the table and the cattle. 

Carotter, vn. (Jam,) to play low and cau* 
tiously. 

Carottier, sm. (Jam,) a timid player. 

Caroubb pi:CARouoE,<f. acarob-bean, amealy, 
succulent pulp of a sweetish taste. 

Caroubier, «ffi. the carob-tree. 

Carpe, sf, a carp, an excellent fish for ponds. 
Ia »a\U de earpe, the somerset. 

Carpe, sm, (anat.) carpus, the wrist. 

Carpeau, «m. a young carp. 

CARPETTEs,«f. pL packing-cloth. 

Carpillon, im. a small carp. 

Carquois, sm, a quiver, a case or sheath for ar- 
rows. Armt iVun carquoit, quivered. 

Car RARE (marbre de), tm. the famous marble 
of Carrara. 

Carre, sf. the crown of a hat: the shape of a 
coat: the toe of a shoe. Avoir une bonne 
carrCf (/am.) to be broad-shouldered. 

Carr6, sm, a square, a garden-bed. Curr£ de 
mouton, a breast of mutton. 

Carre, adj, square. Racine carrie, the square- 
root. 

Carreau, «m. a square, a tile, a brick or stone : 
a cushion : the ground, the pavement : a dia- 
mond (at cards), Carreau de fenitre, a pane 
of glass. 

Carrefour, im. a crossway, a place where se- 
veral roads or streets meet. 

Carrelaoe, em, paving with square stones or 
tiles : the stones or tiles themselves. 

CarreleRi va, to pave with square stones or 
tiles : to mend or cobble old shoes. 

Carrelet, sm, (a fish) a flounder: a square 
ne^le : a cobbler's awl. 

Carrelette, sf, a flat polishing file. 

CARRELsyR, sm, one that paves with square 
stones or tiles. 

Carrelier, tm, a square tile-maker. 

C! ARRELURE, sf, the soliug of old shoes, cobbling. 

Carrbment, a(iv.squaire,in theformof a square 
with right-angles, 

C A R R ER , va. to sq uare, to form with right angles. 

Carrer (Se), vr. (fam,) to strut, to walk with 
an air of importance. 

.Carrick or Carrique, sm, a kind of top-coat. 

Carrier, sf. a quarryman. 

CARRiikRE, sf, a career, a course : the course of 
life : a quarry. 

Carriole, sf, a small open cart or carriage. 

Carrosse, sm, a coacb, a vehicle. Cheval de 
carrosse, a coach-horse : a brutish fellow. 
Bouler carrosse, to keep a carriage. Carrosse 
de louage or remise, a glass-coach. 

Caerossbe, «f. a coach&l. 

'^ARSossiBB, un* ft coach-maker. 
64 



CAS 

Carrovsbi., fm. a carousal^ a feast, a festival. 

Carrousse, sf. (fam.) a carouse, a drinking- 
match, a noisy drinking bout. 

Carrure, sf, the breadth of the shoulders : the 
superficies of a square. 

Cartaux, sf, pi, (mar.) hydograpbical maps. 

Cartayer, vn, to quarter, is said of a coach- 
man who drives so as to have the rut between 
the wheels of his carriage. 

Carte, sf, a card : a map : a bill : a bill of fare : 
a chart. Donner Us cartes, to deal. Battre 
les cartes, to shuffle the cards. BrouiUer Us 
cartest to sow dissension. Donner carU blaneke, 
to give full power. 

Cartel, tm, a cartel, a cartel-ship between 
states at war, for the exchange of prisoners : 
a challenge. 

Cartero, sm, a little pocket-book. 

Cartesian ISM E, tm. the cartesian philosophy. 

Cart^sien, sm, a cartesian, one who adopts 
the philosophy of Descartes. It is also ad- 
jective. , 

Cartier, tm. a card-maker or seller. 

Cartilaoe, *m. a cartilage, a gristle, a smooth, 
elastic substance softer than the bone. 

Cartilaoineux, adj, cartilaginous, pertaining 
to cartilage, grii^tly. 

Carton, sjn* a pasteboard : a design drawn on 
strong paper for the use of painters : a car- 
toon : a band-box : / a book of charts or draw- 
ings : (with printers) a cancel or leaf. 

Cartonner, va, to put in boards : to make 
pasteboard : to cancel leaves in a book. 

Cartonnier, sm, a pasteboard-maker. 

Cartouche, sm, a cartouch, a cartridge: a 
portable box for charges. 

Cartouchier, sm. a cartouch or cartridge-box. 

Cartulaire, sm. a cartulary, a register-book 
or record, as of a monastery. 

Carvi or Cumin des PRB8,sm. (a biennial plant) 
caraway, the caraway-seed. 

Carybde, sm. Charybais, the famous abjrsson 
the coasts of Sicily. 

Cas, sm. a case, an accident, an exigency : a 
matter, a fact,. a deed : esteem, value: (gr.) 
a case, jpaire cat de, to esteem, to value . En 
cas de, pr, in cas6 of, Au cat que, conj, in case 
that: Adv, exp, £n tout eat, at all events, 
however. £n ce cas, thii^s being so. 

Ca9, adj, broken, sounding as if broken. It is 
used in the feminine only : as, votx catte, a 
hoarse voice. 

CA8ANiER,«m. pne who keeps closely at home. 

Casanier, adj. domestic, retired. 

Casaqce, ^', a loose great-coat. Toumer ca- 
toque, to change sides. ' 

Casaquin, tm, Q'am,) a short gown. On lui a 
donn6 tur U cataquin, he or she has been 
thraalied. 

Cascade, sf. a cascade, a water-fi^. Ditcourt 
pUin de cascade, an unconnected speech. 

Case, tf,9. point (at backgammon) : a square (in 
a draught-board) : a small house. Le patron de 
la case, the master of the house. 

Casemate, tf, (fort,) a casemate, a vault of 
masonry in the flank of a bastion. 

Caser, va. to make a point (at bachgavMnon) : 
to pUic« in order : to piocuzo a place. 



CAS 

Cisn (80)» «r. (Jam.) to Mttle miMdtf oom- 

ibrtiuy. 
CisuxTTB, <f. « chMse-froDe. 
Cajibkb, ^. a bttrack, a hut or house for aol- 

CimyKVKifT, rat. tlie lodging of toldiors in 
bviaekt. 

CiiiBicEa, va, and n. to lodge, to lodge sol- 

&n in banracks. 
Caseox, «4/. eaaeoiis> cheesy, haring the qua- 
lities of cheese. 
CiSQvs, m. a helmet, a head-pieoe. Coffvei, 

pi, stiff hides. 
C18QOX, adj, anaed with a helmet. 
Cassadb, «^*. (/am.) a fib, a flam, a sham. 
Camaille, sf*. the first ploughing of a field. 
CAtsAMT, «^*. brittle, easily broken, fragile, not 

tough. 
Camatiow, rf* easiatioo, abrogation, repeal. 

TVttnaai d€ MiMttim, the ooort of cassation 

(is Psrif }. 
Casse, «f. (« purging gum) cassia : a printer's 

cue: the pen-esse of an inkstand: (mil.) 

cashiering. 
Caiib-cov, tai. a br8akneck4>laoe. 
Ca»e-cul, «m. a fall oh one s back. 
CAttB-MvsBiLV, MR. (Jom*)^ box ou tho ear : a 

80ft of puAsd cake. 
CAasB^MoisETTB, MM. a ttutcracker. 
CAstEB, M. to break, to crack, to pert or divide : 

to suppress, to annul : to weaken, to ener- 
vate, to impair: to discard, to dismiss, to 

ctihier. Ca»0r«ii<9^icier, to cashier an ofilcer. 
Caweb (Se), vr. to break, to fall into pieces : 

to gnnr old aid weak. 
Cassbbole, sf.a saucepan, a stewpan. 
CAssE-rflTB, rf, a bludgeon of very hard wood 

usedbysaTuges : apuszle-brain: heady wine. 
Caisbtiii, cm. m printer's box, a cell. 
CASfKTTK, rfs a small strong box, a chest. La 

tttittu du roi, the king's privy purse. 
Cassbvr (grand casseur de raquettes), «m. 

(trtn.) a great bragger, a boaster, a cracker. 
CiuiDOi!i#B, tf. cassidony, a precious stone used 

ky the ancients for making vases or vessels. 
Cauie, if. eansia, an Indian tree, and a genus 

of pbats of many species, such as the fistula 

w puiging cassia, vod the senna. 
Camieb, $m. a oassia-tree. 
CAsaiKB,|f. a oassino, a small countrv-honseor 

boE. 
CAtioLETTS, tf, a perfuming pan : s fragrant 

porfoBie. 
CAftsovADx, rf, moist sugsr. 
CAitvaE, {^'. a fracture, a crack, a broken place. 
CAtTAOsirrTss, jf. jU, castanets, shells of hard 

*ood wbidi dancers rattle in their hsnds. 
Caste, ^. a east : a tribe, among the Indians : 

OQsef the classes of a state. La eatt$ du 

MUcf, dm fritrti, the cast of nobles, the cast 



Caitillb, rf, (/est.) a trifling dispute between 

friends. 
CAtioa, Ml. a eastor : a beaver, an amphibious 

qusdruped : a beaver-hat. 
CASToasvit, jai. (lot.) (a msriicifis) eastoreum. 
CAHaAidb-ATioN, sf. CBstmmetation, the art or 

act of «BMBnping : the laying out of a csmp. 



CAT 

Casthat, Ml. a eastrato, an eunuoh, a male peiv 
son emasculated for the purpose of improving 
his voice. 

Castsation, sf, castration, emasculation, the 
act of gelding : the practice' of making en« 
nucha. 

Castrbnse (ceuronne), adj, corona castrensis, 
the crown which the Romans awarded to the 
soldier who penetrated first into the enemy's 
csmp. 

Casualit£, $f. casualty, accident, fortuitous- 
ness, contingency : an event which may or 
may not happen. 

Casuel, mi. perquisites. * 

Casuel, adJ, casual, accidental, fbrtuitous. 

Casuxllement, adv. casually, accidentally. 

Casuists, tm. a casuist, one who studies sad 
resolves cases of conscience. 

CATACHRisE, tf. (rhct,) catachrasis, a far- 
fetched metaphor. 

Catacombes, rf. pU catacombs, subterraneous 
vaults for the burial of the dead. 

Catadoufb or Catadvpb, rf, a cataract, a cas« 
cade, a,waterfall. 

Catapaloue, mi. a funeral decoration in honour 
of a deceased person. 

CATALxcTE8,Mt.p2. frsgmentsofsncientauthom* 

Catalectiqux, adj, catalectic, pertaining to 
metrical composition. Vert eataUetiquet, ea* 
taleotie verses, such as want feet or syllables. 

Catalepsie, sf, (phy,) catalepsy or catalepsis, 
a kind of apoplexy. 

Catalxptiovb, adj, cataleptic, pertaining to 
catalepsy. 

Cataloovb, am, a catalogue, a list or enumera- 
tion disposed in a certain order : a roll. 

Cataplasms, mi. a cataplasm, apoultice, a soft 
and moist substance applied to some part of 
the body, to excite or repel heat, to relax the 
skin, &:c. 

Catapvlte, gf. a catapult, an engine to throw 
stooes, used by the ancients. 

Cataracts, $f. a cataract, a waterfall : a dis- 
order in the eye, a dimness of sight. 

Cataracter (Se), er. to be afiiicted with an 
incipient cataract. 

Catarrhal, adj. catarrhal, pertaining to ca« 
tarrh. Fievre eatarrhalOf a catarrhal fever. 

Catarrbe, tm. (phy.) a catarrh, adefluxion of 
mucus from some parts of the body : a severe 
cold. 

Catarrbeux, cki/- catarrhous, produced by ca- 
tarrh. Fievre catarrheu$e, a catarrhal fever. 

Catastrophe, tf. a catastrophe or catastrophy» 
the final event of a tragedy (little uted in this 
tente) : a tragical end, a iatal event. 

Cat6chiser, va, to catechise : to instruct, to 
ask questions concerning the doctrines of re- 
ligion: (fam.) to try to persuade: to tell 
one what to say or to do. 

Catbchismb, mi. a catechism, a book contain- 
ing the principles of the Christian religion : 
the book itself. 

Cat^chistb, mi. a catechist, one who instructs 
in the principles of the Christian religion : 
one appointed to teach the catecbism. 

CATicHUMEKAT, Ml. tho time t£at eoe is a ca* 
teohumen. 

F 



CAU 

CAricRUM&Nft, Mil. tnd/» a eatechumdnf one 
who is receiying infitructioD and preparing 
himself for baptism. 

Cat^oorib, {f. category, a data, an order, a 
predicament. 

Cat6goriqus, adj. categorical, pertinent : ab- 
solute, positive : express, unequiYocal. , 

CATiooaiQusMENTfiuiv. categoriosHy, positite- 
ly, unequivocally. 

Cathartiqu¥, adj. cathartic, cathartical, purg- 
ing, promoting evacuations, purgative.- 

Cathedra LB, tf. a cathedral, the see or seat of 
a bishop, the principal church in a diocese* 

CATuiDRALB, odj. coBtaloing the see of a bi- 
shop, metr^oHtan. Eglite cathMraU, a ca- 
thedhil church. 

GATHioRANT, Ml. s cathodratic professor : a 
lecturer. 

Catheter, im* (^ekir,) a catheter, a tubular in- 
strument to be introduced into the bladder. 

CATBiTiniSMB, (Ilk catheterism, the art of in- 
jecting. 

Catholicisms, sm. Catholicism; the catholic 
religion, adherence to the cath(4ic tenets. 

CATHOLicrri, ^. the catholia doctrine : the ca- 
tholic countries : the adherents to the catholic 
&ith. 

Catholicon, tm» catholicon, a remedy for all 
. diseases, a universal remedy. 

Catholiqub, (in. vadrf* a catholic, a papist, a 
Roman catholic* 

Catholiqub, adj. catholic, universal or general. 
Sa Mtgut£ cathoUque, his catholic Majesty, 
the King of Spain. 

Catholiquement, (idv. like a Catholic, in con- 
formity to the Catholic church. 

Cati, 5111. the pressing of cloth : press, gloss. 

Catimini (£n), adv. exp, secretly, in hugger- 
mugger. 

Catin, sf, a doll : (pop*) a disorderly woman. 

Catif, Mt. (with apotktiariei) a founding tub. 

Catir, va, to press cloth, to gloss* 

C ATissEu r, an. a cloth -pressor, a glosser of cloth. 

'C ATOPTRi QUE, sf. cstoptricB, visiou by reflection. 

Catoptrique, a4j* catoptric, catoptrical, relat- 
ing to catoptrics. 

Caughbmar, 0m. the nightmare, the incubus, a 
sensation in sleep resembling the pressure of 
a weight on the breast. 

Cavchois, »n.a&da4;* of the country of Cauz, 
in France. 

Cavdatairb, mn, a trainbearer to a cardinal. 

Caud^, adj. (ker.y tailed. 

Caudbbbc, sn, a caudebec, a kind of coarse hat, 
for the manufacture of which the town of 
Caudebec is renowned. 

Causality, sf. causality, the agency of a cause.* 

Cavsant, adj, (S^gni) fond of conversing. 

Causatif, adj. (gr.) causative, that expresses a 
cause or reason. 

Cause, rf, cause, that which produces an edfect, 
principle, origin, source, occasion, beginning : 
sake, account : motive, reason : aide, party : 
a sniC or action in court, a trial. Avec con- 
naUutnce do caiuo^ on good grounds. H6ri- 
Jier or atfaitt cauM, heirs or assigns. Prendre 
Jait et cauut to espouse the cause of, to take 
one's part. A cause que, conj, becaiiM* A 
66 



CAV 

oaMi$ d$i prsp* Mi aeeotuit of, ibr tli* tak« of, 
for. 

Causer, va. to camof to pvoduoa, to oeoaaion : 
to influence : to iadnoe, lo bring os* Gmisil- 
do la joio, to give joy. Cau$€r du Awiii— gir» to 
cause dasttge, to injure. 

Causer, vn. to talk, to prate, to chat, to bab- 
ble, to prattle, to eonverae upon-soaie parti- 
cular object. CouMr de tttt^twrs, d/o «■«- 
rifusi or simply, iiei^raCiirt, aiMtfiis, to talk 
about literature or music. 

Causbbib, {f*. ptattUag, ohatteriilg, gossiping. 



talker. 
CausticitA, sf. oauaticity: malignity, biting, 

bitterness: satirical genius. 
Caustiqub, sm. a caustic, a corroding appli- 
cation. 
Caustique, «f. (gsom.) a cunra fortoad by a 

coincidence of rays of light reflec^d by ano- 
ther curve. 
Caustiqub, a«[/* 0i^n*tie, caustieal : censoriovs, 

satirical, sarcastic, snappish. . 
CautAlb, </*. (ohi*') caatef, oantion: ooBBing, 

deceit. 
CAUTE&Bif 8BMENT, udv* cautelottsly, cantaouly : 

slily. 
Cauteleux, a4;.ca«tekms, aly, wily, cmmiiigt 

tteacherouB. 
Caut^rb, ffii.a caatery,a burning by a hotifOn 

or by oanstio medicines : an issne, a canstic. 
Cautbrisation, ff. caateriaation, the act of 

burning, aa with a hot iron. 
CAUTiRi8E|i,^tNi. (fam.) to canterise^to bum 

or sear, as with a hot iron. 
Qautiok, ^. bail, security for : the person whp 

gives security. Atre caution, to bail. S^et 

d. cav/tion, doubtfiil, not -to be truated* 
Caution NEMEVT, fm. bail, bailing. 
Cautionmbr, i». to bail, to Warrant, to stand 

goo 1 for. 
Cavalcadb, ff. a cavakade, a procession on 

horseback. 
Cavalcadour, cm. an eqaery or equerry : a rid- 
ing-master : a gentleman of the horse. 
Ca VALE, sf. a mare. CavaUpUme, a maro with 

foal. 
Cavalerie, if. cavalry, horse. Cavalmit U^ 

gert, light cavalty. 
Cavalier, sm, a horseman, a rider, a troopet : 

a cavalier, a gentleman : a partner (m danc- 
ing) : (at chess') a knight. 
Cavalier, adj. genteel, frsO, oaiy ; Montt too. 

free. A la cavAUire, adv. esp. in a free and 

easy way: bluntly. 
CAVAui^REMBMT, odv* gaUautly : in a free but 

agreeable manner : too freely^ bluntly. 
Cavb, tf. a cellar : a case of bottles : a wine 

vault : a sum of money to play with. 
Cave, adj. hollow. Veines caves, two big veins, 

which oonununicato with the right auricle of 

the heart. 
C AVE A u, sm. a little vault or cellar : a vault ift 

a church or a chureh-yard. 
Cav^e, tf. a hollow way or lane. 
Caver, va. to cave, to hollow, to make holkfW, 

to4iguadws to itake'at pWy* 



CfL 

CmtffK, ^i « ettmtt, * 6etfp liotW ptftc« in 

tkeaaitli : a cave, ft Tanlt : « den. 
CAriBviox, ^, «iT«rlMrai, hollow, ftill bf 



Cirmov er Catd^h, rat. s Mirei<m or eht^n- 

■OB, t «nt of nose-lMmd pttt oil the nose of % 

Im 10 wring It : asttdBoi 
CiriAi, Ml. Mnv» the roes of certain large 

ilk (noatly ■ tur ge u n,) prepar«d and aalted. 
CAviLLATiONysf.caviUation, a caTil, the act &t 

pnetieeOfcavfUkig: a aophistieriargnment. 
Cativ, fflu (fort.) a cayin» a hollow waj, 

idqrted to eorer troops and facilitate their 

approach to a place. 
Catit^) if. a oavit^r, a hollow place, a hollow- 

neag. Rempli de eaviUs, multtcaYOUi. 
Ct or Car, dem. pnm. this, that, it. 
Ciixi, mdo. within, here, in this honse. Le 

■iiiri d$eemUi the aaaster of this honse, the 

laadlonl. 
Cki, dem. prim* tiiis, this thing. Que veut dire 

ctn? What means all this ? 
Ckrti, if. eoeity, blihdnees. 
CioANT, ■!{;. (Jmr.) s granter, he Who grants 

w aakes orer. Lt eidant et le ce$titmnaire, 

tiMlessoraad the lessee. 
Cirea, as. to eede^ to glte up, to ^eld, id 

gire in, to grant: to nuihe orer, to resign, 

to r«adt, to pift with. 
Cioia, vn. to yield, to ohej, to snbmit, to 

coM|^ With ! to Mknowledge one's inferiority. 
CiotLLi, if. ft eedillft, ft Hnd of oomma placed 

lader a t, (f) in order to give it the sound 

of in I before the vowels a, 0, and u* 
C&DSAT, iM. ft kind of eitron-<tree : its fhiit. 
CioiE or Piv Du Lib AN, a cedar, a name giren 

to different species of evergreen trees. 
CioBii, if, cedrift, the gam or rosin that flows 

from the cedar. 
CiavLE, if. a sehednle, a serip : ft note of 

Inoid, a memorftndom. 
Ceixdbb, va. to gird, to put on : to inclose, to 

«neirele, to fence, to encompass, to inrest, to 

nnoand. Cerndre l*^p^ d qudqu'unt to 

uke one • knight. Ceindre nne vilU de 

mkrmUe$, to inelose a city with walls. 
CiivT, fart, of eeindre, girt, eneirded, inclosed. 



CsivTBAoi, isi. (mar.) the oordt thM encircle 

tdrip. 
CiivTtBi, if. a girdle, a sash : the waist, a 

wiathaad, a hSit : an inclosure. Ceinture 

^ CMtr, a lestnOm'oelt. 
CtiirnrBi, adj, wearing a girdle or belt. 
CBt^Tvatrra, rf. the. leaSier«8trap tied to ft 

bttBtnan's hotli. 
CtiwrraiEBi em. ft belt or girdle«maker, he 

vbo iells or makes belts or girdles. 
Ccnieii, IM. ft belt, ft sword*belt : a girdle, 

* fcaod, ftMdly of leftther, in wMch ft weapon 

iibmg. 
^ii^A.pron.lhst,thfttthing. C«detee2a, this and 

^^ Ols sst vrsi, that is true. Comment 

erfa ? How so 1 Ce n*ett pas eela, it is not so. 
^ttADon, Ml. (trm.) a inm of refined feelings. 
CiLADoy, od;. (indeetinabU), of ft sea-green 

fx^ma. Un hemt eUadoh, a green coat. Uju 

^•ft* t^Udont » green gown; 



CE!i 

6itiBltAfrT, m. (t9ith itoMan tatkeUd), itid 
oiReiating prie^. 

C&LiBRATioir, $f. celebration, sotenin perform- 
ance : ooniunemoration, solemnisation. La 
t^Ubration de la mette, d*une fite, d'tenma* 
rtoge, the celebration of mass, of a festiTal« 
of a nuurriage. 

CiL^BRB, adj. celebrated, fiunouiS, renowned. 

CBLiBRBR, va. to Celebrate, to solemnise : to 
extol, to praise, to make famous : to keep 
hoty, to distinguish by ceremonies, to honour 
by peculiar marks of joy and respect. Cet^- 
brer la mette, to say mass: C6Uhrer Us «r* 
jAoits d*un h£ros, to praise the exploits of ft 
hero. CiUbrer Vannivenaire de la naissancM 
du roi, to celebrate the king's birth-day. 

CiL&BBiTB, if.celebrity, solemnity : name, fame, 
reputation, renown. La ctUbriti de ce jour, 
tlie solemnity of this day. La c6l6brit6 de U 
ville de Troie, the celebrity of the city of Troy. 

C&LSR, va. to conceal, to hide, to keep secret. 
Ne me e^les Hen, do not conceal anything 
from me. 

CiLiRi, sm, celery, a plant cultivated for ih% 
table. 

CBLiRTpiRB, im. a light stage-coach lately in* 
troduced all over France. 

CihiRirk, gf. celerity, speed, rapidity, swift** 
ness, dispatch. 

Cblbste, 04/. celestial, heavenly : divine, ex- 
cellent, perfect. Bleu celeste, a sky-blue. 
Une beduti ctlette, a celestial beauty. Lte 
etprits eilestes, the angels. 

CittSTiNjini.a celestin, a monk so named from 
Pope Celestin. 

CiiLiAqus, adj. (anat.) celiac, periaiiiing to tha 
lower beHy or intestines. 

C&LiBAT, ma. celibate, celibacy, an unmarried 
state, a single life. Vivre dans le c£Ubat, tu 
live single. 

Cblibataire, sm, a bachelor, an nninarried man* 

Cells, pron. she, that. Celle-ci, this wonun 
or thing. Celle-la, that woman or thing. 

CSLLiRIBR, sm, 1 ii . - xt -. Al-^ 

CEI.L«Kl4RE,4f.J-* ••™'™» "• **''^' *• 

butler, the provider or purveyor in a reb« 

gious house. 
Cellier, sm, a cellar above ground, a store* 

room fot wine, liquors or proTisions. 
Cellulaire, adj. (anat.) cellular, consisting 

of cells, containing cells. 
Cellule, sf. a cell, in a monastery or in ft 

honey-comb : ft little residence, a retreat. 
Cellvlevx, adf. cellular, consisting of cells. 
CELtTX, pron. he, that. Ce2ui-ct, this man* 

Celiii'ld, that man. 
CkiiUTT, sm. (chenu) cement, powders anci 

pastes surrounding pots and cmciblea fot 

chemical purposes. 
CEMENTATION, sf* cemeutation,' the act of ce* 

menting : (chem.) the act of applying cemenift 

to substances. 
C&MENTATOiRE, a^, (ckem.) cementatory, re* 

lating to cementation. 
CiM ENTER, va, (chem.) to cement, to purify 

metals. 
CiNACLE, sm* the room where Christ took hi* 

last supper: a guest-chamber* 



CEN 



Cbndrx* ff, ashMy what Temaiiu after comboa- 
don, as of wood or coals. Jour des cendm, 
Ash-Wednesday. Cendre chaude, embers. 
lUduire en eendret, to lay waste. 
CsNDai, adj, ash-coloured. Gris cendr^, greyish. 
CsNDRis, af, small shot : the dross of lead. 
CsNDKsux, adj. ashj, full of asbes. 
Cbhdrier, gnu an ash-pan: a fender: a man 

who sells ashes. 
CkvjL, $f, the Lord's supper : (witH Roman Ca^ 
tholict), the ceremonj of washing the feet of 
twelve poor people : (with Protestanti), the 
communion. 
CiNOBiTB, $m. a cenobite, one of a religious 
order who lives in community, in opposition 
to an anachoretf who lives in solitude. 
C&NOBTTiQVB, adj. conobitic, cenobitical, mo- 

nastieal, living in community. 
C&NOTAPHX, ffii. a cenotaph, an enipty tomb 
erected in honour of some deceased!^ person. 
Ckn8, ma. an annual tax, formerly paid to a 
lord of the manor : census, an authentic de- 
claration which the Romans used to make of 
their names, property, and place of abode. 
CfiNSAL, tm. (aeamfnercial term used in the South 

of France"), a broker. 
Cbnsb, tf. (obi.) a'little farm, a fee-farm. 
CbnsA, adj, reputed, considered as, accounted 
fbr, looked upon. 11 £tait cent6 abtewtf he 
was reputed absent. 
Cknsekix, rf. brokerage. 
ClENSBUR, nn. a censor, an officer (in ancient 
Home) : a critic : an inspector of tne pi;esa. 
Cbmsxxr, tm. (seigneur), die lord of a manor. 
CsNSXBR, adj, who has a right to quit-rents. 
Cbvsitairx, em. a copyholder, a feudatory. 
Cbksxvb, <m. a manor entitled to quit-rents : 

the extent of a manor. 
Crnsivembnt, adv. by copyhold. 
CENSORIAL, aiij. censorial, censorian, belonging 

to a oensor. ' 

CswarEL, adij. feudal. Droit censuel, rente een- 
suelUf tL fee or rent formerly paid to a supe- 
rior lord. 
Gbksuralb, adj. censurable, worthy of censure, 
bUunable, culpable, faulty. Ouvrage, con^ 
duitecenturabU, a censurable work or conduct. 
Cbmsurb, if. the censorship, the office of a 
oensor, among the Romans : censure, blame, 
reprehension, reprimand. 
Cbvsurbr, imi. to censure, to condemn as 
wrong : to reprove, to disapprove, to blame, 
to reprehend, to objurgate, to criticise, to 
find nult with, to reprimand. On centure 
heaueowp $et ouvrages, his writings are highly 
censured. 
CxNT, tm, cent, a hundred : a hundred weight. 

Un cent d*otufi, a hundred eggs. 
CvvT, adj. hundred, many. // a ant difauU, 

he has mainr vices. 
CxvTAiHB, <f. a hundred. A centainet, or ^par 

eentainet, adv. exp, in great numbers. 
Cbntaurb, tm, a centaur, a fabulous monster. 
Cbntaur^b, rf. (aplant), centaury. 
CxNTXNAiRB, adj. and i. centenary, a person 

one hundred years old. 
Cbktbvibr or Cbnturion, ar. a centurion : a 
military officer among the ancient Romans* 
68 



CER 

Centiarv, adj, the huadredth part of an, are 

(in the new Frendt meatwre)» 
CBVTiiME, adj. centesimal, hundredth. 
Centigrade, adv. centigrade, consisting of one 
hundrOd degress. Ihermametre centigrade, 
a ceotigrade thermometer. 
Centigramme, tm. a centigram, the hundredth 

part of a gram ( French measure), 
CENTfLiTRs, mu R Centilitre, the hundredth 

part of a litre. 
Centime, tm. a centime, the hondredth part of 

a franc. 
CENTiMiTRX, rat. a centimeter, the hundredth 

part of a meter. 
Centist&re, tf. «a centistere, the hundredth 

part of a store. 
Cbnton, tm. a cento : a composition formed by 

verses or passages from other authors. 
Central, adj. central, pertaining to the eentre^ 

placed in Uie centre or middle. 
Centralisation, tf, centrality, the state of 

being central. 
Cbntraliser, va, to centre, to place on a een- 

tre or central point, to collect to a point* 
Centre, cm. the centre, the middle jk>int or 

place, the middle or central object. 
Centrifuge, a^. centrifugal, tending to re- 
cede from the centre. 
CENTRipiTE, adj. centripetal, tending towards 

the centre. 
CsNT-suissB, tm. formerly one of the Swiw 

body-guard of the kinga of France. 
Cbntuhvir, <m. a centumvir, one of the judges 

of ancient Rome. 
Centvmviral, adf, centumviral, pertaining to 

the oentumvirs. 
Centvplb, jm. centuple, a hundred-fold.'' 
Centupler, va. to centuple, to multiply a hun- 
dred-fold, to increase considerably. 
CENTimiATEUR, tm. R conturiator, a centorist, 
an historian who distinguisbea time into 
centuries. 
Centurib, tf. a century : (in a general tente), a 
hundred : a company, conaisting of one hun- 
dred meo : a £vision of the Roman people 
for the purpoae of electing manstrates and 
enacting laws : (chron.) a peiioa of one hun- 
dred years* 
Centurion, <m. a centurion : among the Ro- 
mans, a military officer who eommanded one 
hundred men. 
CEp,<m. a vine. Cepi,pl, (oht.) fetters, handeuffiu 
Cepeau, tm, a block formerly used in mints* 
CApAe, tf, a* stump* 
CspBiiOANT, adv. in the mean time, in the 

mean while, nevertheless, however, yat. 
CipHALAOXB, tf. (phy.) cephalalgy, a violent 

headache. 
C&PBALXouB, adj, (phy»^ cephalic, pertaining 
to the head. Kmnide ctphalique, a medicine 
for headache or other disorder in the head. 
Veine e^phaU^us, the cephalic vein. 
CArat, tm. cerate, an ointment chiefly oon- 

posed of wax and oil. 
Cerb&rb, (myt.) a dog with three heads: a 

rigid guardian. 
Cercbau, tm, a hoop, a net to catch birds. 
Cerceaus, pL qniUs* 



CER 

CtioLLE or Sabcblli (a hiri), a tmJ. 
Cbicls, fn. s drole, a nng, a hoo^ : an orb : 

u Mwmbljr, a oompan^ : a series : (log,) 

CtreU vieieus, a syllogistic circle. 
CiBCLEs, 1M. to hoop, to put hoops to a cask 

4Pr tab. 
Csacusa, mu a boop-maker. 
CiicuxiL, jsi, a coffin : death. Cereeuil d» 

ftamb, de ^ierr€, de marbre, a leaden, stone, 

«r nsrble-coffin. Mettrt au eercutil, to canse 

one's death, Mettre dam un eercueil, to laj 

in a coffin. 
Ciafti LE e4?* cereal, cerealions. PUmte c6r6aU, 

s cereal plant, t. «. a plsnt fit to make bread. 

Lb fnment, U mgU toni det plantet c£r£ala, 

wbeat and barley are cerealious plants. 
CiauBAL, e4^*. cerebral, belonging to the brain. 
CiBiMoviAL, jm. a ceremomal, an outward 

tern : edquette. 
CuiMONiAi,, adj, ceremonial, formal. 
CsasMoviE, ff. ceremony, fonnality. Faire 

dn cirimon x e$t to stand upon ceremonies. £n 

Urimamt, in state. Sam e6remoni€, without 



CsaiMONisvXy «<(;. ceremonious, too formal. 
CsEP, m, a stag, a hart. Ccrm de ttrft harts- 
born. 
Cup-TOLAVTy un. a kite : (an tntect) a great 

kom-beetle. 
CuptviL, fm. cherril, a genus of plants, two 

qiecies of which are called cow weed. 
CitiSAii, rf, a cherry-orchard. 
Ctusx, |f. (afruii)i a cherry. Ceriies jfrteoeet, 

etity ^rries. Ceriaet tardivet, late cherries. 
CinisiBB, SSI. a cherry-tree. 
CtsiiE, sf. a circle traced on the ground with a 

stick : a livid circle round a sore, or round 

the eyes : a black and blue mark round the 

eyes. 
Cxixi, part, and «{;. (yeuz oem^), eyes that 

look black and blue. 
CitvxAu, SSI. the half kernel of a green walnut 

(prepared in salt and water). 
CEsxsa, sm, (pfcv*) to cut round : to encircle, to 

■anoand, to inrest. Certur ium piece, un 

enip, to inrest a fortress, to surround a camp. 
Ciaopisss, an, Cphy,) ceropiasus, a liniment 

made with pitch usd wax. 
Cbetain, sm. a certainty, that which is certain. 

QiHltor U certain pour Vineertain, to leave a 

certainty for an uncertainty. 
CxsTAnr, adf, certain, sure, unquestionable : 

fixed. setUed: some, certain. UnenouwUe 

Mrtmaf, an authentic piece of news. Uneeer' 

tatme mmiveUe, a certain piece of news, areport. 
CcBTAiirxMEKT, odv* cortaiuly, without fail, 

without doubt: undoubtedly, unquestionably. 
CxsTBs, adv. truly, indeed. It is chieflj used 

It the head of a sentence, with the particle et, 

awsaingy andmrtly, 
CtanpicAT, m. a certificate, an attestation by 

writing. Certifieat d$ bonna vis et maun, 

lelttraiDter. 
CtBTiPicATEun, tm. (jut.) a voucher, he that 



CtBTipica-noir, if. certification, a vouching, 

tMdMiybyimting. ^ 
CuTiptsn, M« to oerufy, to testifyi W arer, to 
€9 



CHA 

attest, to assure. Je vans eertijie qw, I as- 
sure you that. 

Certitude, ff. certitude, certainty, surety: 
assurance, unquestionableness : stability. 

Cbrumbn, sm. cerumen, ear-wax, yeUow mat- 
ter secreted by the ear. 

CiauMiNEvx, adj. ceruminous, having^ the 
qualities of wax. 

CiausE, sf. ceruse, white-lead, a carbonate of 
lead. 

CsRVAxsoN, sf, the season for stag*htmtin|^. 

Cbrveau, tm, the brain : understanding, mtel« 
lect, genius. Cerveau ertux, crack-bYained. 
S^alanMquer U cerveau, to puzale one's brains. 
Rhume de cerveau, a cold in the head. 

Cebvelas, en. Bologna-sausase. 

Cebvelbt, tm. (anat.) the hind part of th9 
brain. 

Cbbvelle, sf. brain: understanding, judgment, 
intellect, genius. Une tite tone eervelU, 
(/am.) a giddy head. 

Cbbvical, a4j. cervical, belonging to the neck* 



Cbrvixb (loup^, tm, a kind oOynx 
Cervoxsx, jf. (eht,'^ 
ancients. 



www ^w ■ -^ ■"■ ^ J 

,) a kind of beer, among th# 



Cbs, dem. pron. these, thoee. 

CisARXENNB (op^rstion), a^, a Caesarian ope^ 

ration. 
Cessant, a4j. (jut,) ceasing. Toute afair$ 

cettante, adv. esp. on the spot, immediately. 
Cbssation, tf. cessation, a discontinuation, a 

ceasing: a rest, a stop. 
Cessx, sf, (it alwayt uted withcut article,) Sant 

cette, without intermission. N*avinr pat d$ 

cette, to have no rest. 
Cesser, va. to cease, to leave off, to discontinne* 

It is also used in a neuter sense. 
Cbssxblb, adj. (jur.) oessible, that may he 

ceded. 
Cession, sf, cession, resignment. Faire eet» 

ticn, to ^livef up one's effects : (in Englandy 

to take the benent of the act. 
Cessionnaibe, tm, a grantor or gprantee, one 

who makea or one who accepts of, a cession. 
Ceste, sm. a oest, a girdle, a wrestler's gauntlet. 
Cesuee, tf. a^cesure or cesura, a pause ii^ 

verse. 
Cet, pron, (uted before a vowel only), this, that. 
CBTAciE, adj. cetaceous, of the wmde kind. 
CixEBAcsf. (ap2ant), ceterach, the trivial name 

of a species of spleenwort. ^ 

Cbvx, dem, pron. these, those. Ceux»ei, the 

latter. Ceu^-Id, the former. 
Char LAOS, tm. the labour or fees of a waterf 

officer. 
Crableau, tm. a small cable, a tow-line. 
Chableb, va. (mar,) to tie a rope to a thing, 

either to raise it or to drag it. 
Chableur, tm. an officer who superintends the 

navigation of canals and rivers. 
Crablis, tm. wind-fallen wood. Vin de chabHt, 

a fafltfous French white wine. 
CuABOT, tm. (a bird) a miller's thumb, A*gvll, 

a bullhead. 
Chacelas, sm. a kind of excellent white grape, 

remarkable for its having no kernel. 
CHACALy m, (an wnimal) a J%9kftl^ the goldea 

wou; 



CHA 

Cp^coNKiit* |fi (a Spanish iante or time) a 

chacone. 
Chacun, pron* eacli, every one. It has no 

plural, and ia never addea to a substantive. 
Chafovin, m. a mean-looking fellow. 
Chafouin, adj. lean, ill-shaped, shabby. 
Chaoeik, <m. griof, sorrow, sadness, affliction, 

displeasure: (a tort of leather) shagreen. 

Vn 6tui d$ eha^in, a shagreen case. 
Cragrin, adj. sad, Texed, morose, fretiul, 

peeyifih. 
Chagrinant, a4/« sorrowfal, grleyoos, yeza* 

tious, afflicting. 
Chagriner, va. tQ griere, to yex, to tronble, 

to torment. 
Cdaoriner (Se), vr. to fret, to gtieye, to be 

vexed. 
Chagrinier, sm, a shagreen-manufacturer. 
C^aInx, jf. a chain, a weaver'a warp : slaveij, 

|>ondage : (in France) a troop of man con- 
demned to the gallies. Chaine ds montagnet, 

a ridge of mountains. 
CnAtNETiER, tm, a chaittfrnaker. 
CnAtvETjE, tf, (a(2tm. ^ chaine), a little chain, 
ChaInon, tm, the link of a chain. 
Chair, sf. flesh, sldn, meat : the pulp of fnut. 

ATosM dt ^ir, a Xusfiy stupid a^an or wo(inan. 
Chairs, sf, m pulpit: a see : a profet^aondiip. 

CSI^trs (^toltfus, the fipostolic see. 
Ch4I8B| tf, a cI^ar, f^ se^tt. Qham d porUur, a 

sedan-chair., C^tM psrc^e. ^, doi^-stooL 

Chaise de poke, a posto^^haise. 
C|iALAMD,<i».acustoiner: asortofflfitboat. Cesf 

ut^ de nm ekalands, he is a cuaVwar of mine. 
Chalandx, tf. a female cugtomer. 
Caalanpisb^ sf. the concourse rf customers : 

tlie habit of Dujing at th^ same shop. CAa- 

Uuidisett pL customers, 
Cbalastique, adj. (p^y*) relaxing. Remede 

^a^osiigtM, a roedirVne that relaxes the fibres» 
Chalcrpoihb or Calc^boimb, tf. (a plant), 

chalcedony or cidcedony. 
Ch^alcogra^hb, jsi. a chalcographer, ai^ env 

graver on metals. 
Chalcooraphib, <f. chakographyg the ftrt of 

engraving on metals. 
Chalet, tm. a cheese-house. 
Cjialevr, tf, heat« warmth^ hoit weather : aniv 

moaity, ardour of temper, vehemence, viva- 
city, ^eal. eagerness, earnest passion. La 

chaUur de la jeunesse, the ardour of youth. 

Jjesgrandes ehaleurtt the summer^s heit. U 

fait une grands chaleur, it is very hot weather. 
Un$ chienne en ehaleur, a bitch in heat. 
Chalburbux, adj. {obt.) sanguine, naturally 

wazm« 
Cqalib£ or Calib4, adf, chalybeate, impreg" 

nate with particles of iron. 
ChAlit, <m. (fbi.) bedstead. We now rat)^r 

aay, hoit de lit, 
C94L0iB> ia*P* V. (an old word ^ted in familiar 

conversation.) A ne m'en chuut, I care no- 
thing Ibr it. 
Chalon, fin. (mar^) a lighter : a fishing-net. 
Cbalou? B« ^* a ahip's boat, the long boat, a 

sloop. ChaUmpt oanonnihe, a gun-boat* 
Cbai.vvbau^ ijh, « atidk of ^ •tnw, a reed; 
(fmw.) a toipe, 
70 



CHA 

Chamai»«, rf. (mil.) a chamade^ Bi^$f$ h 
ehampde, to beat the drum for a parley. 

CiiAWAiLLER, vn. or Se ciiamaillbb, vr, to 
dispute, to sltercate. lo contend, to wnmgle, 
to quarrel, to aquabble, to (ght. 

CBAMAiLUt, tm, an affray, a wrangling, a 
squabble, a fight. 

Cbamarbbr, va* to lacet to daub all qver wit^ 
gold or silver. 

Cbawarburb, rff thick lacingi lacing pr daub- 
ing all ovar. 

CHAMBALON,«m. a yoko (as used by milkmaids), 

Chawbbllaw, |m. a chamberlain, an officer of 
the king> diambar* 

Chambranlb, sm, a door or vindow-oase : a 
' mantel-piece. 

Chaxbrb, sf. a chamber, a ropm: aoovftcif 
justice. Chafi^e gamie, a furnished room* 
Chambre a coucher, s bed-phami>ei« Chmnbre 
d louer, a room to let, Lq ehambre h^MU or 
det pqirs (in England), the house of lovda. 
La chambre haste pr des comnnuues, the bouse 
of commons. La chambre des pairs (in Fr4mee), 
the chamber of peers. La chambre du d^pntis, 
the chamber of dspntiea. Chambre obscwre, a 
camera obacura* Femme de chambr^, a ohamr 
ber-msid. Robe de change, a moming-|^wn. 

CBAMBBis, if. people living togethar in a 
room : a fuU house. 

CBAI1BBBI.AH, f». s cha»hiaBrartifice|r ( a Mg ^ 
who oocttpiea a single fpom. 

Cbambrbr, tm. to lodge togethei* in ^ ipain« 

Cbambbbttb, sf* (a dim, of chambre) a little 
roonii a cabin. 

Oh ambrier, tm. a chamberlain (in a manailary). 

CnAMBBiiRB, tf, a maid, a aia»barpAaid; a 
horsewhip. 

Chambav, tm. (an anynal), ^ gamel: a float- 
ing boat. 

Chamelibr, isi. a oai^el-driver, a dealer U 
camels. 

Chamois, tm, (an ^ninal of the goqt ^cM) a 
chamois or shsmois : shammy leaUi^r. Vet 
gantt d4 chamoit, ahammy gloves, 

CHAMoiiER, va. to prepare shammy leatlier* 
CuAJkiOMBBiB, tf, tho plaoo whora s)pHuny 

leather is dressed. 

C HAMoisBUR, tm. a dreaser of shammy leather. 

Champ, tm. a field« a piece of ground : a Biat* 

ter, a subject to speak or write upon, C^amp 

de bataille, a field of battle. Sur-ie-ohamp, 

qdv. ejep, immediately. C^npi, pi. the fieldat 

the country, Battre aux champs, to beat the 

drum for marching. Cowrir Us champs, to be 

insane, Gagner Iss ehasnps, to run awi^. 

CuAMPAGNB, ffli, champaign^ champaign* wine. 

Champart, sm. (obs,) formerly a- field-^-fent 

paid to the lord. 
Cbampartbr, va. (obs,) to collect field-rents.' 
CHAMPARTBUB,'sin. (obs.) B ooUoctoF of field- 

renta. 
Cbampeaux, ten, pL meadows, fields. 
CBAMPiTRB, adj, rural, belonging or relating 

to the eountry. 
Cham pi, tm, a common paper for aaahea. 
Cbamficinon, sMk a ohampignon, a kind <)£ 
muahroom : a letter or w»i (in « semdU) : 
(«&t».>pi9i|dflf9h« 



CHA 

CvivpioiioirKiiRs, «/*. a bad fiwH«8lir6«ni. 
Chjxpion, tin. a champion, a stout wairior: a 

prota^or. 
CvAsrcE, ^, a cliaiiM, a haiard t a probability 

for or against: good luck, saooan j baaard(a 

MTf rfgitme qH &9e). L^thomf a ttmrni, the 

hck is gone. 
Cbivcslaitt, a4f* wavaiiug, tottoritfg, ttag- 

gariag : unstead j^, Hcfcle, preoaiiona. 
Crajicblbb, im. to stagger, to reel, to totter, to 

warer, to fluctuate. Sa/oriims ckemietUt bia 

fortone ia rmrj preoarious. 
Chakc^lijeb^ «m. a chancellor, the first ef tha 

judges: the beeper oftbe seals. 
CAAHCKLii^BB, jf. tho cbaiicellor'a buly : a far* 

basket to keep the feet warm. 
CRAycxixm ENT, !»• waTering, reeling, totter* 

n>r» rt»ggering. 
Cbavcbllsbix, ff. chancery: (in Grtat Brt* 

teni)tbe highest court of juatice, next topar- 
liaaieat : (in FVanes^ the chanceUor'a office or 



CBAircEvz,a4/.(/iim.)la^jr: unoertain. (ktf 

tntrtpriu at 6t«K ehonctute, that undertekii^ 

is reiy precarious. 
Ohakci, mdj, mouldy, nnstj. 
Chakcib, vn. to be^ to grow mouldy or aem^- 

ty. Pmin tkmuif oMNildy bread. 
Cbabci a (Se), vr. to grow mouldy. Cs pdt^ss 

cAaant, that pie is powing mouldy. 
Cbarcisbubb, ^'.aiouid, aaubatencelike down, 

which fpfiQs on the outside of thinga kept in 

a damp pbica. 
Cbancbe, (ehxr,) tm. (a» vietr) a chancre, a 

eaacer : a canker (m a treti). 
CHAxcBBux«ai(/.chancrous, cancerous, ulceroupi 

haring the quaUtiea of a cbanere. 
CBAWDBia(UB(La}, «^. Candlemas, Gaadlemaa- 

day. 
CBAKDBI.TEB, INI. B chtsideHer : a candleatf ck : 

adiandler, a tallow-chandler. 
Ch AN DEL LB, sf. a CBudle, a light. ChandtiU de 

wiUf , a mahligbt. Chandtiie monUt, a mould 

csndle, ChandetU d» glaee, an isicle. 
Cba3;pbxiw, sm. (thefonhead of a korte) ehan- 

ftia : the featheraput on the beads of horses. 
CaAwrBEiBBii, vs. (wilJkJoiti^rf) to cbaaifer, to 

CQt sloping^ly. 
Cb Avc B, tm. changed exchange. Unt Uttrs ds 

dkaa^t a bill of exchange, Prendro U change, 

to mistake. Un agmt de cAcnga, a biU*broker. 

I^ ehmge est haut, hta en au fmh, the ez- 

diange la high, low, or at par. 
Cbabobaitt, odf . cfamgeable, inconstsnt, un- 
settled, fickle. Tpept ^utngeenu, changeable 



Cbakobmxkt, «m. change, alteratioB: trans- 
(amatioii, mutation, conmiutation : Tarfety. 

Cbakceottbb, va, (Jam.y to change often. 

CuAwoxm, wi. to change, to slter : to exchange, 
to barter: Co transfonn, to metsanorphoae. 
Ckenger «iia ylice d*or ou d^argentt to giive 
Aange fior a goM or aiHer piece. 

CiABOBByva. to change, to idter. CA«iig«rd« 
rkemm , to put on a clean ahtrt. Changer de 
ceadaifa, to sltor one's conduct. Chatter de 
legit, to Tsmore to another house, 

CHa««BVK,t«»» m BWiieyHBiMDgai:. 
71 



■ 



CHA 

CflAWiATTB, m. (wth tilef$) eavasltth : laths 

to support tiles and the like. 

Chanoinb, tm, a canon, a dignltaiy of a eathe- 
dral or cellegtato church : a peiaon who poa- 
sesses a prebend. 

Ohanoinessb, sf. a cattoness, a woman who an« 
joys a prebend. 

Chanoinib, tf, (oht,) a eanonry, a canonships 
an ecclesiastical benefice in a cathedral or eol- 
legiato church. We now say eawmicat, 

Chavson, sf, a song, a ballad, an air t a ditty: 
a story. Chanson amoureute, a lore- song* 
CAaiifoR d 6otro, a drinking aong. C'est toa- 
Jours la meme ehanton, it is the same story 
over and prer. Voild bien une awtre ehan* 
ton, this is quite a different thing. 

Chan3onnbe, va, to jnaVe sougs, to lampoon* 

CHAprsoNNETTB, rf, (a dim, of chanson) a littlv 
aong. 

ChANSONNIBB, Sm.1 . ««»».w*«.» «/ a^nM • 
CHANSON>r,4BE,lf./ » ^^P^-^ <« «»«•• * 

ballad-maker: a ballad-singer. Chantomder, 

(a book) a collection of songs. 
Chant, tm. singing, a song, a tune, a eanto* 

Chant du eoq, the cock-crowing. Ckaat dsf 

otseaux, the warbling of birds. 
CHANTANT,a4;*singing,tonable, fit to be sung* 
Chakte4u, m. a cantle, a fragment: a bit of 

stuff cut OMffalarge piece: the bottom-piece 

of a cask or tub : a hunch of bread. 
Cbanteplxube, tm. a gulleyhole, a kind of 

Ainnal with many boles. 
Gramtxe, va. to sing, to celebrate, to praise 

to toll : to warble {at birdt). Chanter juste, to 

sing in tune. Chanter fans, to sing out of tune. 

Chanter la palinodit, to recant. Chanter 

pouillet, (Jam.) to abuse one. 
Chanter, tm. to sing, to squeak in spesldng, 

to warble, to crow. Pain d chanter, a wafer. 

Maitre a chanter, a singing mastor. 
Chanterelle, sf. a treble string : a decoy-bird. 

crr^"";.*;;: }•«»«•'. •««--««^"' 

Chantibr, tm* a workshop : a timber-yard : a 
wood-yud : a dock-yard : stocks (ro build 
thiptupon): arope-mfUEer'spoete: agauntree* 

Chantignole, sf. a bracket. 

Chantonneb, va. (Jam,) to hum (a song). 

CuANTOirRNi, tm. the head-piece of a bed. 

Chantoubnbr, va. (arch.) to cut a profile with 
a sweep. 

Ch ANTBE, em. a chanter, a eburch-cfasnter. Let 
chanteurt du Pamasse, the poete. Let dtan^ 
teurt du bois, the feathered choristers. 

Chantrerie, sf. the chantry . the chanter'a 
dig^cy or omc6, 

Chanvrb, tm, hemp (a Jihrout plant), De la 
toile de chanvre, hemp-cloth. 

Cbanvribb, tm, a hemp-dresser, a dealer i|i 
hemp* 

Chaos, tm, chaos, a ccnfbsed mass of matter : 
confiosion, disorder. 

Chavb, sf, a clerranan'a cope : a diah-corer. 

Cbapeau, tm, a hat« La forme d*un ehaveau, 
the crown of a hat. Chmau bordi, a laced 
hat. Chateau bat, take otfjovLT hate. Some- 
times the word ehapeau ia used for man : as, 
U y oMtt dis femmee st pof «n ehapmu, there 



CHA 

w«rd tm Udiei and not a gendeauui : (mar.) 
primage, 
Chapili im, fm. a chiylain, a priTate clergjman. 
Chapilir. va. to chip or rasp bread. 

Chapblet, fm. a chaplet, a string of beads : 
(arefc.) a chaplet : (man.) stirrup leathers. 
tin ehapeUt doignont, a string of onions. 
CBApBLisa, tm. a hatter, a hat-manufacturer. 

CnAPBLijiaB, rf. a hatter's wife. 

Cbapbllb, tf\ a ohapel, a living : a meeting of 
individuals. ChapeUe ardente, a funeral pomp 
round a dead bodj. 

Chapbllsnie, sf. a chaplainship, the office] or 
business of a chaplain : the possession or re- 
Tenue of a chtpel. 

Chapellerib, tf. the hat trtfde, a hat-manuiac* 
toiy. 

Chapblvrb, tf, the chippings of bread. 

Chaperon, tm a chaperon, a hood : an orna- 
ment for the shoulders {in Univenities) : that 
part of the holster which covers the pistol : 
the coping of a wall : an elderly frmale who 
accompanies a young lady for decency sake. 

Chaperonneb, va. to cope a wall : (in/aZcon- 
ry) to hoodwink a hawk. 

Cuaperonnier, tm, (falc,) a hawk that takes 
the hood gently. 

Cbapier, jm. a oope-bearer. 

Chapitbau, 9m. a chapiter, the capital of a co- 
lumn or pillar. 

CuAPiTRB, <m, a chapter, a division of, a book 
or treatise : a community of clergymen be- 
longing to A cathedral or a convent : a chapter* 
house : a matter, a subject, a point. 

Chapitrbr, va, to reprimand, to chide in a 
chapter: to tax, to correct. 

Chapov, Ml. a capon, a castrated cock : a piece 
ofbread boiled in broth, a brewis. 

CiiAPOMNBAV> <m. (a dim. ^ chapon) a young 
capon. 

Chaponnbr* va. to capon, to castrate, as a 
cock. 

CHAPONNxftaE, sf. a pan to stew a capon. 

CuAQUE, pron. each, every. It is never uaed 
without the substantive. ChMfus honune, 
ehaquefemme, every man, every woman. 

Char, tm» a car, a chariot. CAar funebre, a 
hearse. 

Cuaraban or Cbar-A-banc, m.a pleasure-cart 
with several benches. 

Chabadb, ff\ a charade, a kind of enigma upon 
a word, each part of which has a different 
meaning. 

Cbaranson or Charan9on, tm, a weevil, a 
worm breeding in com. 

Ch arson, tm. a coal : a carbuncle : a mildew 
in com. Charbon de terre, coab, sea-coal, 
pit-coal. Charbon di boit, charcoal. Une 
voie da charbon, a chaldron of coals. 

Char BONNIE, rf, a short rib of pork or beef for 
roasting : a stratum of coals. 

CuARBONNBR, oa. to dsub with charcoal. 

Charbonnbux, a4/« (p^j/*) carbuncled, pesti- 
lential. 

Ciiarbonnibr, tm, a coalman, a coal-heaver : 
a coal-cellar, a coal-hole. 

CiiARBONNiiiRE, tf, R coUiery '. a coalman's 
wife : the place where chaicoal is i&ade, 
7% 



CHA 

Charbovillbb^ M.(a^.) to aiildew, to Uitt» 
to blight. 

Cbarbvcle, 181. asortofbligbt. 

Cbarcuter, va, to hack meat, to spoil in out- 
ting, to mangle. 

Cb A acuTBBiE, tf. a pork-]mtchfer's trade : hog's 
flesh, sausages, pudding, and the li ke. 

Charcutibr, sir. a pork-butcher, a^rkman. 

CharcutUre, tf, the pork-butcher swife. 

Cbardon, mi. (a plant) a thistle. Chardent, 
pi, (ardi,) spike-heads. 

Chardonner, fw. to nap, to raise the nap of 
woollen cloth. 

Chardonnerbt, mi. (a bird) a goldfinch. 

Chardonnbttb or Cardonnettb, sf. akind of 
wild artichoke. 

ChardonnxArb, tf. a piece of ground full of 
thistles. 

Cbarge, tf. a charge : a load, a burden, a 
weight: acommissidn, anorder: the charge 
of a fire-arm : expense, cost : place, office, 
employment: accusation, charge : an attack, 
an onset : a caricature. A la charge de, pr. 
on condition that. 

Chargeant, adj, clogging; heavy. 

Chargement, mi. the cargo of a ship, a bill of 
lading. 

Chargeoir, mi. a charger (in guniiory). 

Cbargeb, va, to charge, to load, to burden : to 
entmst with, to give the care of: to charge, 
to load wiUi powder and bullets : to attack, 
to fall upon.: to accuse, to charge with : to 
exaggerate. Le tempt est charge, the weather 
is overcast. 

CuAROBa (Se), vr, to take charge of: to be an- 
swerable for. 

Charoeur, Ml. a loader : a wood-meter* / 

Chariot, mi. a waggon, a van. 

Charitable, «{;. charitable, liberal in bene- 
fiutions to the poor, benevolent, merciful. 

Charxtablement, adv, charitably, mercifully, 
liberally, kindly, benevolently. 

Charit^,^. charity, love, benevolence, good- 
will : liberality to the poor, alms. Faire la 
charity, to give alms. Demander la<^rit£, 
to beg. 

Charivari, mi. a confused noise, a squabble : 
a mock-music, a paltry music. 

Charlatan, mi. a quack, a mountebank: a 
wheedler, a eoaxer, a hypocrite. The femi- 
nine is hardly ever used. 

Charlataner, va, to coax with a view to de- 
ceive : to gull, to cajole. 

Charlatanbrie, tf. quackery, a quack's tricka« 
quacking, juggling. 

Charlatanisme, mi. quackery, coaxing in order 
to cheat. 

Charmant, adj, charming, ravishing, pleasing, 
delightful, enchanting, bewitching. 

Charm E, tm, charm, allurement: spell, en- 
chantment: (a tree) the yoke-elm. 

Charmer, tw. to chaim, to subdue by incanta- 
tion : to delight, to flucinate, to enchant, to 
ravish : to bewitch : to soothe, to appease, 
to allay, itrecharm^, to be glad, to be happy. 

Charm iLLE, tf. a hedge of young honwbeam 
trees. 

CflABMOiB, f/". a inuvery of bom-beam trees. 



CHA 

CiAiiTAOB, «■• (M wui 0*(.) Omih Bmm C^ 

iWics)lMli-time. 
Cbabitkl, mdj, cudaI. flMhy, aensual. Ia 

fUim ^mmMl, caixnl pleasure. 
Chabnellbmevt, mIo. caineUj, senfluaUyt in m 

Bumer tQ gratUj the aensoel desire. 
Chaiwbvx', «i4f. cftmeous, fleshy, having the 

qaalitiee of flesh. 
CsAsyiBa, fm. a charnel-house, a coTered ce- 

■eterj : a heap of bones : a larder : (siar.) 

a scuttled cask. 
CsABviiBE, jf. hinges, a turning-joint. 
Cbaexu, e4f'. fleshy, plump, brawny, mus- 

culooa. 
Cbabvurx, $fm flesh, skin. Chamuf douM, 

■oft skin. 
CaABocMB, «f. carrion: the carcass of a dead 



Chabpxntb, *f. timber-work, carpenter's work : 
(«M(.) frame. Bms ds ekarpnUe, or cfe rtm- 
stmctiam, timber. 

CBAaFBHTsn* mi. to work timber : to mangle> 
to spoil ia cutting, to hack and hew. 

CBAapKHTXRix, sf. Carpentry, timber-work. 

CHAapmnan, am. a carpenter : an artificer 
who works in timber, a builder of houses and 
of diipa. CftarpeiUtcrt, pi. whale-cutters. 

Chabpi, mu a cooper's block. 

Chabpix, ^. lint, liniment. fneAarpie, boiled 

tonigi. 
CaAaaax, jf. buck-ashes, ashes that hare been 

used lor backing linen. 

CaABBKTiE, «f. a cart-load, as much as a cart 
can contain. 

CBAaBSTTx, {f. a cart, a waggon. 

Chabbbtibr, fM. a caiman, a oartman, a car- 
ter, a waggoner. 

Cbarbbtin or Cbabtin, m« a cart without 



Cbabbiagx, jm. carting, carriage : the money 
psid ibrcarriage. 

Chabbibb, ink. to carry or convey in a cart. 

Cbabbibb. vtu (^tpeaking rf rivwt) to bear large 
laeces of ice. 

Cbabbibb, «at. a bucking-cloth, a wash-cloth. 

Cbabboi, jw. carriage : the price paid for it. 
J*ai fm^ dix idtslUng^ pour U eharroit 1 paid 
ten shillings for the carriage. 

Cbabbon, jw. a wheelwright, one who makes 
wheels and the woodwork pertaining tp ve- 
bklea of all sorts. 

CflABBovAGB, MB. the wheelwright's work. 

Cbabboybb, va, to transport in a cart. 

Cbabbub, tf. a plough, the instrument with 
which the plough is cut into furrows. Tirwr 
U tkmmas, to drag, to toil hard for a liveli- 
hood. 

Cbabtb or CuABTRE, rf, B charter.* the con- 
stitutional laws of a states La nouvelU eharte 
dm FraufBts, the new charter of the French. 
LsgrvjulfcAarU d*AneUterr€, Magna Charta, 
the great charter of Uberties granted to the 
people of £ngland. 

Cbabtb-pabtib, tf. (com,) a charter-party, an 
agreement respecting the hire ar freight of a 



Cbabti or Chabtil, «m. a great long cart : a 
ptDt-hone to QutSi ploughs^ wd the likf • 
75 



CHA 

Chabtbb, {f, a panaum, a jail. TsMtr sn ehartre 
prk>4e, to keep in private confinement. 

Cii abtbxusb, tf, a charter-house : a carthusian 
nun. 

CiiABTRBVx, fm. a carthusian friar. 

CuARTBiER, <m. a place where the charters of 
of a church are kept : the keeper of charters. 

CvABTULAiBB, Ml. B coUcction of chartors. 

Chas, rf. the eye of a needle : weavers' starch. 

Cba88b, rf, hunting, coursing, shooting : the 
huntsmen, the game, the chase. Un pays cts 
ehasie, a sporting country. Dotuur ehasse, 
(mar.) to give chase, to pursue. Prendre 
efuuu, to run away, to sheer off: (at tenrUi) 
chase. 

CulssB, rf, a shrine, a reliquary : the frame of 
a pair of spectacles : the cheeks of a balance. 

CHAssi, tm.a step in dancing. 

Cbassb-avamt, «m. a foreman, a kind of over- 
seer over the labourers. \ 

Cbassb-chien or Cuasse-coquin, in». a beadle, 
a dog-whipper. 

Cbasse-xhnux, fm. any thing that drives care 
away. 

Cbasse-cousin, fm. (fam.^ paltry wine : any 
thing that discards troublesome people. 

Chassblas or Chacelas, im. an excellent kind 
of white grape. 

Cba88x*mabbe, fm. a tranter, a fish-machine, 
a fish-cart. 

Cha88e-iiulet» fm. a-miller's man. 

Chassbb, va, to put to flight, to drive out, to 
turn out, to discharge, to baniA, to outcast, 
to dislodge, to eject, to turn away, to dispel, 
to expulse, to expel : to hunt, to course, to 
shoot, to pursue. Chatser U lievre, U renard, 
U cerf, to hunt the hare, the fox, the stag. 

Cbasseb, vn, to chase, to shoot, to hunt. Chat" 
ter au fusil, to shoot. Chaiser gur Us, Urret 
d'autmi, to encroach upon other people's 
rights. 

CiiA88EBE88B, rf, (pMt.) a huutress. 

Chasseur, fm. a hunter, a huntsman, a sports- 
man, one who delights in the chase. 

Chasseuse, rf. a huntress, a woman that fol- 
lows the chase. 

Chassis, tf. blearedness, a watery rheum that 
flows from the eves. 

Chassibux. adij. bleareyed, having the eyes 
dim with rheum, obscure, dim with rheum. 

Chassis, tm, a sash, a frame, a window -wire or 
wicker-blind : a sash-wiudow. 

Chassoir, fm. a cooper's driver. 

Chaste, adj. chaste, modest, decent, virtuous, 
innocent, pure, genuine, uncorrupt. 

Chastemekt, oiiv. chastely, in a decent manner 
or way, 

Chastetjb, tf. chastity, modesty, decency : 
purity, unndulterated state. 

Chasublb, tf. a chasuble, a priest's dress used 
at mass. 

Chasublibr, fm. a maker of sacerdotal vest- 
ments. 

Chat, fm. a cat. Chat tauvage, a wild cat. 
Chatt, pi. catkins. 

ChAtaione, rf, (a fruit) a chesnut. Cha» 
taigneamert ou marron d'lnde^ horse chesnut* 

CnJLTAioNBBAiEi </• aplot of chesnut-trees. 



eHA 

€niTAt«v»m, tm» m ehi«wit«tf— # 

Ch Atain. a4/« of s oheimut ool«ar, aet-brown. 

ChAknm elair, wibvni. 
CbAtbau« tm. a cutle, a fort, a countrj^ieat, 

Fairf detuhAttauxm Kipngm, to build caatlot 

in tho air. 
ChAtblaim, m. the lord of a manor s the eas- 

tellaa or govomor of a eaatlo. 
ChAtbllkhxb, tf, a caatle-wud, thooxtontof 

a manor. 
ChAtblbt, im/a little cattle : famMAj a itate- 

priaoA in Paria. , 

Chat-huant, tm» an owl, a acreeeh-owl. 
ChItiabi^b, m^, ohaatiBable, punishable, de- 
serving punishment. 
CniriBR, va, to chaetise, to pnniah, to eorrect : 

to beat, to aeourge : to poiislk 
CHATiiBE,'ff. a hole fbr a cat to go in and out, 
CnArixENT, tm^ chaetiaf ment, correction, pun- 
ishment : pain inflicted for correction. 
Cbaton, fm. a kittsn: the collet of a rin^: 

beail : catkin, the outward hui^ of a nut. 
CRiToviLtBXBNT, «m. B tickliug, dtillation : 

pleasure, delight. L$ ^tauUUment dn mu, 

pleasing senaationa. 
Chatouillbr, va. to tickle, |o titillate: to 

flatter, to pleaae, to d^irht. 
CiiATouiiLBUx, atfj, ticldish, fuseeptible of 

tittttation, easily tiokled: touchy, delicate, 

difficult, nice. 
CnATiii, tm* m eattntto, %, eunuch. Veix d« 

ekdtrif a ahiill voice. 
CuAtbbb, m. te castrate, to geld : to unman, 

to emasculate : to lop, to prune. 
CbItubub, tm, a gelder, one that gelda or eas- 

tralea cattle. 
Chattb, tf, a she^cat. 
CHATTiB, «f. the brood of a riie-ea(. 
Cn ATTBMiTB, jf. 11 ovlj used with/sifw. F(Hrt 

la ehattemitt, to dissemble, to look demure. 
Chattbb, va. to kitten, to bring forth young, 

as a cat. 
Chaod, fm. warm weather, heat. J§ meurt 

ds ehaud, I am dying with heat. Ctla n$ 

fait ni ehand id Jroid, tfiat is notlitng to the 

purpose. 
Cbaud, atfj, hot, warm: axdent, vehement: 

eager, anxious. Touf d^ud, quite hot; im- 

mediktely. Plwrtr 4 ckaudtt larmet, to weep 

bitterly. Avoir la tSte ehande^to be hot-headed. 
Cbavoe, sf, a hot fire in a forge. A la ehaude, 

adv, exp, hastily, in the heat of passion. 
Cbaudbau, tm. a caudle, a aort or hot broth. 
Cbavdbmbiit, ado, warmly, eagerly, ardently : 

passionately. 
CBAuniftRB, tf, a copper, a caldron, a pot, a 

boiler, a large kettle. 
CHAunnoN , fsi. a caldron, a boiler. 
Cbaudronnbx, tf, a caldronfiil, a kettleiul. 
CBAvnnoNNBnxB, sf. brazier's wars or work. 
Cbaudronnibb, tm. a brasier, a coppersmith. 

OioMdronnUr da camipagne, a tinker. 
Cbauppaob, tm, fuel, materials for the flie, 

firing. 
Cbaoppb, tf, (with foundeni), a furnace, an In- 

oloaed fire-place. 
OBAvrpB-OHBMnB, tm, a wandng-biafcsCy a 

hone to wMn umb hbob* 
74 



CHk 

GBA«ifrB«FiaB» tm* » f ee t ■ ! »?■« 

Chaufpbr, va, to heat, to auke hot, to wmn. 

Chaujfkr «iM eketfAm, dot drapt, to air a shirt 

or sheets. 
CuAvpPBR, vti, to get hot, to grow warm. 
Cbaupfbe (8e), «r. to waim oneaelf, to be 

warmed. 
Cbauj^prbttb, tf, a foot-stove t a table chaf* 

ing-dish. 
Cbavppbrib, tf, a chafeiy, a kind of Ibrge* 
Cbauppbur, tm, the blower at a ft>rge : a thief 

who buma the fl»et of hia viotime to make 

them surrender their money. 
Cbavfpoxr, tm, a warming plaoe: a healer : 

a warm eloth for a sick person* 
Chaufour, jm. a lime-kiln. 
Cb AupouRNiER, fin. B limo^isker or bumet. 
Cbauler, va, to mix lime with the CMn that 

is to be sowed. 
Cbavmaoe, im. the eutting of stobblet the 

time on which stubble is cut. 
Cbavmb, tm, stubble, a stubble*fleld i the 

atalks of com left in the field after reapmg : 

straw used to thatch huts. 
Cbaumbb, va. to cut stabUe, te thateh with 

stubble. 
CsAUHikRB, tf, a ^atched-houae, aoottage. 
C^AUMiNB, tf, a SBBiall cottage, a mea n h&ita* 

tion, a hovel, a crib. 
Cbavssagb, tm, shoe-moneyi the expense for 

shoes and boots. 
Cbaussant, adj, (applud to itoolMigt <Nr i^om)^ 

easy to put on, 
Cbaussb, a hood : a straining-bag t a fllter. 
CBAussia, tf. a cauaeway : a dike* htretdi 

tkaatwH, tne ground-floor. 
CnAussiAGE, tm, the toll paid on eevtsin reads. 
CHAVssE-prBD, tf, a shoeing-hom^ 
Cbavsser, va. to put on shoes, boots on stoek- 

ittgs, to make shoes or boots. 
Cbaussbr, vit. to suit, to fit. Gtt fcittw dbetis- 

tent blen, those boots flt well. Ce eord&n n iar 

tkautsimttl, that shoemaker osakes very bad 

shoes, 
Cbaussbr (Se), vr. to put one's shoes or atosk- 

inga on. 
Cbavsses, tf. pi, breec h es, sBsaU-elothee. 
Cbaussbtxkr, tm. (oh.) a breeehea-maker, a 

hosier, one who deUs in hose. 
Craubsb-trapb, tf, {mil.) a caltrop. Semtr 

det ehauttt'trapet, to strew caltrops. 
CBAtrasBTTEs, rf. pi, under-etookings, gauae- 

stockings. CfcoMiTftw it Uritr, etirmp- 

stockings. 
CH'AtjssoN, flit, a sock. Une pairt da ehauttons, 

a pair of sodcs. 
Chaussons, pi. a Bort of pumps. 
Cbavssurb, tf. hose: any-ttiBg that oovera 

the legs and feet. 
Cbauvb, adj. bald, having lost the hair. 
Cbavv^-souris, tf. a bat, a flitter-mouae. 
CRAtTvxTiy tf, the want &t loss of the hair, the 

baldness of the head. 
Cbauvir (dea oreiUes), vn. (it onhf taid of 

horttt, wmiat, and atttt), to pttdt up the 
• ears. 
Cbavx, tf, Hme. Chaux vht, quick Ume. 

'vhttfut ^NtnH w cwMx jutiff mti^ Vile* 



CHE 

to bi4|d iolwtMtivUy. 
Cha?iisb, fo. (fliar.) to ii|«0i, to tttm iipiide 

Chxt, fn. a chief, a commaikder. a leadar, the 
hptd, a geii«nl : tba fag end of a piaee of 
cloth. Ckrf d*ufi^T$% a oommodoro. Chif 
dtfomiUt, the hwd of a ^mily. Pft«f <& 
parti, a ringleader. D« son propre dujf't tuiv, 
ap, of oiie'a ovni aeoffid* 

CHKr-o'auvRE, «m. a masterpiece. 

Chst -LiBu, im. th» ebiof towB» the capital. 

Chkgbos, fm* a abooauiher'a thMad or «j»d. 

CaiifinoiiiB, ^; Ta j»kst)> colandiae, 

Pfiivaa, »!• ana ^aa^MJBR (So)> vr. (eMf/2i/ 
«pp^ to cAi(dr«H), to gfow lean, to waate, 
to pine away, to nil vway. 

Cbbmih, Jin. a way, a path, a road: w«^, 
aieans. Le grand thtmmt the high road, the 
Ui^ray. i^tmin fori pamtU, a great tho- 
roogfafiue. Chgmin de tranerte, a oroaa-Toad. 
Ck^m jMmti$% ao yoa go along* S$ mMtr$ 
m fikemm, tq iot out. Rtbrputmr cktmin, to 
turn hacfc^ Qatitirmer mm $k9mwp to go on. 
firentkm k ofc«m» d* VMk, to go round about 

CuMMinkth it* aohivJioy, a fiveplaoe, Haa- 
tflau dt di£min£e, a manUepieoe, 

Ciiamiran9«a,t«vaUi,togooA> t^pnahono* 
■elf forward. Ckemintr droit, to go the right 
^^J» to ael RVOp^iy* ^ vn* flUfliiiimt 
&iw, 4<iat T«*Mt are iowing wall. 

CBBMua, rf. aahirt, aahift Chmiu praprv, 
a elai» Mti. Ck^mim «e4U. a dirty abirt. 
Utttre 4 la tMrnim, to nun eoitqpiletoly« 

CauiiavrTXs af* w luuUur-iwaiatcoat. 

Cbbmaib, if^ a grore ofoaka. 

Cbbkal, i^; (aMr,) a nanow fennel. 

CaavAifin, <9»* f «wr«) to aail trough a chaimeU 

Chbmapan* Ma. • Yi^ihoiid, a good-iorrnothing 
wretch. 

CbIitb, mi. an oak. CkSw^ vfrd or yfuse, the 
ilax, holm or oyoigreon oak. G%ti ds ekSm, 
Bisdeto. 

Chbsxai), jat. a yonng o«ks a loader pipo* • 
gotler. 

Cbbxet, sm^ a haad<*iroii, CktMUt pi* the 
fiie-irona. 

CrbvbviArk, sf, a hemp-field or doae. 

CsuBTia. JM. heaqirioed. 

CsaHBvom, ^\ holloa, atalka of hemp pealed. 

CBByBvoTTBB, w. to shoot wook wood. 

Cniiii.^ ask a dog-kenaal, a houee iw doga. 

Crcuxllb, if. (an taiMt)* a eaterpiUar, a pal- 
Ber-wcma. 

Chbiiv, my, hoaiy, grey with old age. . 

CiapTBL or Chbptui., t». (jut.) a leoae of 

eatile for half the proftt. 
Cbbptblier, «m. he who takes cattle upon 



CHE 

??,K!!^««!w'l«a« ^^^ l^ks or seeks &n 

It ia mostly taken in a bad aense. Ckerditute 

d'etprit, a pretended female wit, 
Crj^rb, sf, cheer, fare, entertainment, l^'atre 

bimnt fhire, to lire high, to fare daintily. 

Faire maiere ekere, to keep a poor table^ to 

live scanttly. 
CnikBBMBNT, ado. dearly, tenderly > passionate^ 

ly : at a high price. 
CnniR, «a. to oherisfa» to love dearly, to hng. 

Uh pen eh^ri ds get enfanu, a fkther cherished 

or beloved by bia children. 
CnARiasABLB, adj, amiable, lovely, that de- 
serves to be loyed. 
CbbrtA, ff. deameas, high price: dearth, 

scarcity. Je n'y mettrai pat to eherU (Jam^ 

I care yery Uttte for it. 
CiiBRUBiNi fm. a cherab, a celestial spirit. 
Chbrvis or Cherti, fm. (a plant), akirreti 



Cbrr, «4;\ dear^ beJoTod : valaable, ooatlir. Lt 
iMMwnir d$ mm then pairi^ the lemesabiance 
eli^ dtearoavntry. 

Cbkb, adv. dear, at a high price. U vmtd trop 
flkfr, bo aatla too dear, 

CaiaoiBA, ma. to a o ar o h , to aeok, to look lor, 
«i ba in avast of: to mind. Chorektr du- 
fBil«»lopyka^pigBrol. ^Mir «WdUv to go 

T5 



CniTip, adj, mean, aony, pitifal, piteous, poor, 
pennitoas. QtHwB eriature, a pltifol crea- 
ture. Ch^tive chere, a sorry entertainment. 
CiiiTivBMEMT, advk pitifblly, meaafiilly, penu- 

rionsly. 
CaavAOB, fin. chevage, a kind of potl-money. 

Crbvax, tm. a horse, a hac|c. Cheml ontier, i 
staUioB. Chewl hangre, a geldingi Chinal 
de eouree, a race-horse. Clmal marin, a sea* 
hoiae* Ckeml de teUe, a saddle-horse. Che* 
val de trait, a draft-horse. Okeval de louage, 
a hack-hoxae. Chefmi de be^aiUe, a ranger, 
Cheml de frke, a Friealand horae. Idonier d 
cheval or allet a eheval, to ride on horaebackf 

Cheyau<, pL cavalry. 

Chbvalbr, va. to prop, to bear dp. 

CHBVAfcBREsouB, udj, kmgbt-orrant-liko : fna» 
tie. 

Chbvalbr IB, tf. chivalry, knighthood. 

CiiBVALET, nil. a wooden horae : the bridge (^ 
a mutieai instrument) : a sawing-trestle : an 
easel : a buttiress, a prop : a horae for dry- 
ing clothes before the fire. 

Chevalieb, sm. a knight. Cfavdlier d*industrie^ 
a sharper, one who Hvea by hit wits. Che 
valier errant, a knight-errant. Ouvaiier di 
ia jarretiere, a knight of ttie garter. CAena- 
tior de ta coupe, a good toper. 

Cubvaumb (bi^te), a horse or mare. 

Chevaivce, sf. one's whole substance or pro- 
perty : treasure. 

Chevauchbb, vn. (court or long) to ride with' 
short or long stirrups : (with printert) to cross. 

Cbevauchons, adv. astraddle. Alter d ehetfau- 
dum»t to ride astraddle. 

CBBVAU-LicBR, «m. B light horBeBian. 

ChevAchb, rf, a white owl, a madge-owlet. 

Cbevelv, adj. hairy, loDg-haired. Plante cA«- 
velue, (bot!^ a fibrous plant. 

Chbvblo a B, sf, the hair of the head: the beams 
of a comet : the fibres of plants. 

Chbvbt, fin. a bolster. Au ehevet ds Ht, at tha 
bed's head. 

CHBviTRB, mi. a halter: ^cAtr.) a bandage taf 
support the lower jaw : (ardk.)aioist. 

Cbsvbv, mi. a hair : the fibre or thread of d 
pUnt» FmutB ehevmw, Mae faalr. Coapn* ies 



CHI 

e^iiiveux, to eat the hair. Tirgr par U$ efc«- 
veux, to {rail by the hair. Fmre dinner Ui 
€h$veuxM to make the hair stand on end. 

Chevillb, sf. a peg, a bolt» a botdi* La eke' 
vUU d^ piedf the ancle -bone. 

Chbtiller, va. to peg, to fasten with a peg 
orpin. 

CiiETiLLBTTE, <f. a peg *. a bookbinder's broach. 

CiiBYiLLON, Ml. a turner's peg. 

Cbevir, vR.(ofrf.) is onlyused in the infinitire 

^ with the particle ds, to manage, to master, to 
rule, t9 govern. 

CnivRE, ^. (an anhmal) a she-goat : (an «n- 
gine) a crab, a gin. Prendn Li ehevre, to tak^ 
pet, to ilj into a passion, to faU into a pas- 
sion, ^ttver ta chivre €t U ehou, to serre two 
parties at once. 

Crevreau, sm. a kid, the yoong of the goat. 

CBivRB-PBviLLB, fm. honej-sttckle. 

CnivRE-piEu, adj, goat-footed. 

Cbevrbttb or Crevettb, sf, (an aMimaOa roe, 
a doe : (a tea-Jith) a shrimp : a little andiron 
or dog : an apothecary's pot with a spout to it. 

Chevrevil, fm. a roe-buck. 

Cbevribr, tm, a goat-herd. 

Crbtrillard, tm. a young roe-buck. 

Cbevron, im. a rafter, a joist : (^0 a chevron. 

Crsvronnb, adj. (W.) chevnme. 

Cbevrotbmbvt, fin. singing with a quivering 
voice. 

Cbbvroter, vn. to kid, to bring forth kids : to 
fall into a passion: to fret: (fam,) to sing 
with a quivering voice. 

Cbbvrotin, tm. a Kid's-skin. GatUt de e/itfvro- 
tin, kid's gloves. 

Chbvrotinb, jf. deer-shot, small balls. 

C B Ez , prep, at, to : among or amongst. Jedme 
cha% moit I dine at home. Je vais dtaz vout, 1 
am going to your house. C*£taU la coutume 
eka Ut Romains, it was a custom among the 
Romans. 

Cbiasse. sf. the dross or scum of metals : (Jig. 
and yam.) the drags of mankind. 

Cbicane, tf. chicane, chicanery. Gent de cki- 
eantf pettifoggera. 

Cbicaneb, INI. to cavil or wrangle with: to 
tease, to displesse. 

Chicaner, vn. to chicane, to cavil, to quibble. 

CuiCANERiBp^.chicanery, avezatious cavilling. 

ChIc1nbu8b ^' } ' <^^*<*"®^' • P«"y •ophister, 
a quibbler. 

CnicANiiRB'»r } * ^^""8^*' ^^ *"*®« = * P«'" 
son fond of law, 

Cbxcbb, adj, stingy, sparing, penurious, nig- 
gard. PoU dUehet, grey jiease.. II ett ehiche 
de parolet, he speaks very little. 

Cbicbembnt, adv. stingily, niggardly. 

Chicon, fm.acos8-lettuce,aplant for the table. 

CuicoRis, rf, succory, endive, a plant for the 
table. 

Cbicot, «m. a stump, a knotty piece of wood. 

Chicoter, vn, (Jam.) to wrangle about triftes. 

Cu icoTiM , tm. orpine , the juice of aloes. Amor 
comme ^ieotin, as bitter as gall. 

Cribn, m. a dog : a cur : the cock of a gun. 
Chitn martni a veft-dog. Ch/tn C4wnuit» a 
76 



CHI 

hattat, a terrier. £n<rf thitn et loop, in tfie 
dusk of the ewning. 
Cbxbndbnt, fm. (a plant) dog's-grass, eoueh- 



Cbienve, tf. a bitch, the female of the dog-kind. 
Cbibvner, vn. to pup, to whelp, to litter. 
Cbibr, va. and n. to ease natare, to etse 

oneself. 
Cbippe, tf. paltry cloth, a rag to make paper 

with. 
Cbippom, fm. a rag, a rumpled garment. Chif" 

font, p{. various garmentt of a lady. 
Chipponher, va. to rumple, to tumble, to miBe. 

Catte nonveUe me diiffont, (fani.) Uiat news 

makes me uneasy. 

troublesome intermeddler. 

CnippoitNiiRB, ff. Rneat cheat of drawers, s 
lady's work-table. 

Cbippre, im. a cipher, a figure, a number. 

Chipprbr, m. to cipher, to add suaas together, 
to oast up, to msA with a number. 

Cbipprbr, vn. to underatand aritfamedo. 11 ne 
tait pat ddffrar, he doea not nndentaod 
arithmetic. 

Cbippreur, fsi. an aocountant, one skilled in 
account. 

Cbionon, fm. the nape of the neck. 

Chili ADR, ff. chiliad, acolleetioo of things con- 
taining one thouaand. 

Cbiliarque, fm. a chiliaroh, a commaiider of a 
thousand men, among the andents. 

CbimAre, tf. (afalnUout mantter) a chimera : 
a vain and wild fancy. 

CHiMiRiQUB, adj. chioterical, fanciful. 

CBXMiRiQUBHENT, adv.chimerioally,fiuiciftilly. 

Cbimib, rf, chymistry or chemistry. 

Cbimiqub, adj. cbemic, chymical. 

Cbim isTB, fm. a chymist or chemist. 

Cbinprenbau, fm. (obt.) a blow in the hce, 

Chiourme, ff. the crew of a galley. 

Cbipotbr, vn, (fam,) to piddle : to go slowly 
snd indolently about a thing : (fam.) to dis- 
pute about tnfles, to trifle. 

Cbiqub, ff. a little flesh worm : a Riarble ball to 

play with : a very small coffee-cup : a cud or 

chaw of tobacco. 
Cbiqubnaude, ff. a fillip, a blow with the fin- 
ger repelled by the thumb. 
Cbiqver, vn. to chew tobacco: (Jam,) to eat 

and drink fireely. 
Chioubt (a ehiquet) fm. by driblets. Jl Va 

paye ehiquet a cfuqutt, he paid him in email 

sums. 
Chi RAO RB, ff. (obt.) the gout in the handa. 
Cbiroorapbairb (cr6ancier), adf» Ourw) a 

creditor in virtue of a note of hand. 
Chirologib, rf. cbirology, the art of taUdag by 

signs. 
Chiromancib, ff. chiromancy, palmistry, the 

art of foretelling by the lines of the hamd. 
CHiRO]iANCiEN,fm. R chirooumcer, a pafanister. 
Chiroplaste, fsi. Ru instniment to facilitata 

the leanuDCf to play on tfa« piaao. 



CHO 

CmanQtOALf mJ^'. ckinttginl, ptaetuaiaff to 



Cnzmi7Bon,{^. nir^iBTj, lb* pnetice nr art of % 



Chiburoibx, MI.S mTgeon* one who cunt bj 
extttml •ppliettumt. 

Cbibvboiquk or CiiiauBotcAi., o^*. chimr- 
pet], nlating to mitgwf . 

Cbi VBB, ^. the dung of iiiM. 

Chljimtdb, <f. ehlaajrs, s cloak woni hy the 
Roman patriciana* 

Cboc, «■• a ahock, the atrikiiig or daahing of 
oae thing agaiiiBt another: aeoUiaiott, aeoii- 
ikt : an at^ek, an onaet : a blow, adiaaater. 
Li tkoe de deux ttrm^et, the encounter of two 
aimiea. Lf choe d$ dtux twi>ieint±, the en- 
counter of twA TeaaeU. Au jtnmitr ehoe, at 
the onaet. San credit a umjfert im rude ehee, 
hia credit haa anffered a severe blow. 

Crocolat, em* chocolate. Une tone de ekooh' 
let, a diah of chocolate. 

CBocoLATiam, mi, a chocolate-maker or aeller. 

CnoooLAnina, ^. a chocolate-pot. 

Cbsub, em, a choir, a choraa. Enfants de 
tkamr, aisging bo ja. 

Cnoim, vtu {eeUjf uid in the tn^mliM) to fall, 
to tomble. 

Caoisi, 94fi» ehoaen, aelect. (Euvree duieiee 
de Voltaire, aelect parU of Voltaira'a worics. 

Cboibir, vn, to chooee, to prefer, to pick out, 
to elect, to aelect. Chiieieaee jtamd toue, 
chooae among them alU Un*iffa$i€heieir, 
Aeie in no cboioe loft. 

Cboiz, em, choice, election, option : the thing 
ehoaen : the beat part. DmiMr U dketx , to 
giro the choice. 

CbAmable, a4i. to be kept aa a hoUd^ Ftte 
AkeabUf a holidaj. 

CadMAOB, jai.rest, reapito, the time paat without 
woridng. 

CadHsn, «a. to celebrate or keep aa a hotiday* 

Cb6hbr, VII. to abatain from work, to let lack : 
to atand atill for want of employment. Men 
emulin dtowte, mj mill standa aull. 

Cbopivb, «f. fonnerly a French meaaure con- 
taining a half-pint. 
CHopmnn, en. to tipple, to drink Inxurioualjr* 
CnoFPSMBVT, im. (Jam. and obi.) stnmUing. 
Cno»VBR, en. (/am, and ebe,) to atua^ble, to 

Uundar, to trip. 
Cboqoaht, adj. ahocking, offsnaiye, diaapee- 
able, nnpleaaant: acaodalous, opprobnoua: 
provoking. l>«saieiu^rcteAogiiiifitci, ahocking 



CnoQVRR, wu to ahock, to atrike againat, to 
daah, to atnmble againat: to diapleaae, to 
oiend: toeoiitradict,tooppoae. Cettepoutre 
dbefKc £a«ii#, that beam offends the sight. 

Crooobr, vn. to beater atrike againat. 

Cboqubr (So), vr. tostrike against one another : 
to be diqkleaaed or offended at : to engage, to 
coBiict,toight. 

CaoaAcx, m. a choragns, a direotor of public 
fmtivala among the Oreeka. 

CaoBioRAPnix, ef, choregraphf, the art of 
tiaeing down the stepa and fignrea of a 
dnea (eaieii^ the anei^nte .) 

CioBiTtQYjBy iBi« a mral biihop. 
77 



CRR 

CnoftisTR, SSI. ^ choriater, a aingttr in ctth«« 
drala. 

Chobogr APHIS, if. chorography, the art of de- 
acribing aevenl regions. 

Chorooraphiqve, a<U, chorographica], per- 
taining to chorogiaphj. 

Cborus, SSI. a chorus, a number of singers in 
concert. Fairs chorus, to sing in chorus, to 
join in a thing. 

Chose, sf, a thing : a anbject, a matter. C'stt 
Hue ehoM bien eurprenante, that is a Terj sur- 
prising thing. Ce n*eet pas grand' chose, it is 
no great things. Sur tontes ehoses, adv. exp, 
above all, or iSwre all things. 

CusLQUB CB08S, jfR. Something. Quslf tis ehoee 
de grand et d'extraerdinaire, a<Hnething grand 
and eztraordinarj. 

Chou, SSI. (a gardin-piant^ a cabbage : a puff- 
cake. Chonfris6, Savoj cabbage. Mon chou, 
or petit dum, my darling. 

Chovah, SSI. the name of a Vendean royaliat. 

Choucas, SSI. (abird') a sort of jackdaw. 

Chovcboutb, sf. aauerkrant, pickled cabbage. 

Chovettb, sf\ (a bird) an owl, an owlet, iotre 
la diouette, to play alone against two. 

Chouplbub, srn. cauliflower, a. plant for the 
table. 

Chou-nayet er Chov-eavb, sir. tuinip-cab- 
bage. 

Chouovxt, em. (star.) a block of wood to Joint 
themaato. 

CHOYBRfOa. tooooker, to fondle, to make much of. 

CnoYEB (8e), vr. to take great care of onoaelf. 

ChrAmb, SIR. chrism, holy oil : ointment. 

CHRiMEAV, em, a chrism-cloth. 

cSrAtIbnnb, }"**• ^^ '• «^™ti«' • Chris- 

tian, one professing the christian religion. 

Celt tin &0R chr£tient he ia a good Christian. 

Le numde ehr^tion, be religion chr£tienne, the 

christian world or religion. 
CHRiriBMNBMBNT, odv. ohristisnly, aa becomes 

a Christian. 
CHRiTiBNTB, sf, Christianity, the coUectiYe 

body of Christians : Christendom, the country 

where the Christian religion predominates. 
Christ, em. Christ, the Anointed, the Sayiour 

of the world : a crucifix. 
Christianisbr, va. to chriatianise, to convert 

to Christianity, to make ohriatian. 
Cbri8tiamisiib,s9i. Chriatisniam, tho christian 

religion, the nations professing the christian 

religion. 
Chromatiqub, adj. and s. (mus,) chromaric, 

proceeding by semitone. 
Chronioue, rf. a chronicle, a history, a regis* 

tor of events in order of time. La chronique 

eeandaleuse, scandalous reports. 
Chroniqve, adj. chronic, chronical, of long 

duration. 
Cbromioobur, sir. (06s.) a chronicler, a writer 

of chroniclea, an historian. 
Chrowolooie, sf. chronology, the art of com- 
puting time. 
Cbroholooique, tf4/* chronological, relating to 

time. 
CBRO?*oi.OGiQUBMBNT,aifv.chronologiGaUy,tio- 

cording to the exKt aerioft of tuaa« 



CmoKOLoetvriorCnaovoloouBtfiii* adito* 
nologist, a chronologer, one skilled in obro- 

Cbronom&tpe, am. a ehroiioiaaCer» an instra- 

Bieat for the meaauring of ttiaa. 
Chromoscope, tm. a GhroiioMopo»a ebranonM- 

ter« a tima-piede, a pendulum to meaaura 



ChrisaLide, sf. cfaryaaUf , the atate of a cater* 

piUar bafofe it beooOMNi a butterfly. 
Chrysocolls, ^. (uun,) chrfBoeol, a kind of 

borazi the gold solder. 
GaRYBOLiTB, tf, a ehrrsolite, a pradone atone 

of a duaky green wiui a oast of fellow. 
CuaYsoMRL, tf. chrysomela, a genua of inseeta 

of a louiiil form, with beautiral colours. 
Chrysop^e, f/*. (chem,) chrfsop(eia« the aup- 

poaed art of making gold. # 

Chry80PRA8b» ^. a chrysoiMrase, a precioas 

stone of a bright yellow and green. 
CWf part, of the dafeotire rerb aibtr, fallen* 
Chuchetbr, vn* to chirp (oj a tparrow). 
CaucHoraiiBNt, tm* or CHUcnoTBRiB* rf, a 

whispering in the ear. 
Chuchotbr» tm. to whisper in the ear« 

Chuchoteusb, sf. f • *^l"»perar, one who is 

in the habit ot whiapering. 
Chut, int. (/am.) husii ! silence ! 
Chvtb» j^'. a fall, a downfidl : rain» disaolution : 

failure* miscarriage : sin. La ehula de$ 

/lUtUM, the fallmg of the leaTOs. 
Chylb, tm* chrle, white juice of the stomaeh, 

formed bj digeaiion and mijciBg with the 

blood. 
CBYLiriaE, aJjj, chyliferoua, ehylifactive. 
Cif YLiricATioN, «f. chylifaction, reduction ef 

▼ictttils into chyle. 
Ci, adv, hare. Par ei par Id, here and there. 

Ct-epref* hereafter. Ci-dMtnt, heretofore, 

hitherto, late. Ci-dettous, hereafter, under- 
neath. Ci-dsMW/aforesiid* Ct-g<(, hare lies. 
Ciboire, tm, a pyx or little box in which the 

consecrated hosts are kept. 
CiaooLB, rf. (a plant) scalliott, green oiiioB4 
Cibovllsttb, $f, (a plant) chires. 
GicATBicB, $f. a cicatrice, a scar, the auirk of a 

cut: a mark 0r impfMsiOB« 
CicAVBisaa, aa. to oicatriae, to scarr toheal. 
CiCATRiFER (Se), vf . to hekl or be hMled, to 

skin chrer {at woundtdJUtk), 
Gic^BO, fia. (d printing type) approohe, pica. 
CiCBROLB, tf, (a tort of pea) a vetch. 
Cie4»oifBy tm. (JtaU) a cicerone, a gaide, one 

who explains curiomties. 
CiciaoaiRw, adj* aiceronian, resembUiig Cioeto 

either in atyle or action. 
CicLAMBN or CiGLB, tm. {bot,) ejf^itaign, eor- 

bread. 
CicLB-soLAiRB, Ml. B cyclc of the sua* 
CicvTAiaB, tf« (a plant) cicuta, water-bemlook. 
CxD, «m. (an Arabian word) a chief, a commander. 
CiDRB, ffB. aider, the juice of applea expressed, 

a liquor used for drink. 
CtEi., MB. the sW : the paradise or hearen : the 

influence of tne stars : the air : the weather : 

tiieeliaiBta} aoanopy: theoountty. CUldo 

lit, the taitar 0* lop w a bad^ Le jfei^ dtteie/, 
78 



cw 

thndar. la mte tf • e^Mba dair. V^a^ 

en-eUl, the rainbow. lUmuor eitl tt aha, not 

to leara a Btona aninmad. 
CiERG E, tm, a wax-taper. Droit commB 4M tBkfge, 

aa atiif aa a pokar. 
CtERo iBR, tm. a wax-chandler, a maker or sellar 

of wax-tapers. 
CiBux, tm, the pi. of dci, the heatetia. 
CiOALE, rf. (a flyUig tajsct) a cicada, a graaa« 

hopper* 
CioARE, tm. a segar, a cigar, a amidl roll of tx>- 

baoco for smoking. 



CioooaB,^. (afnrdofpattase) a Btotk. 
CioooNBAV, iiK* (a dim» of cigogne) a 



atork. 



ywAg 



CiovB, Mf, cicuta^ the water-hemlock, a plaht 

the root of which is poisonous : the poisdn 

extracted from it. 
CiL, tm. the eye4aah« 
CiLxcB, tm, a hair-cloth. 
CiLxiRE, adj, (anat.) ciliary, Wlonging to the 

eyeUdsh 
CiLLBMBNT, #m. the twinkling of the eyelids* 
CtLx.BR, va, to twinkle the ayelids. 
CiMB, rf. the top, the height, the summit. Ltt 

bimm glac^ det montagnet, the ftosen tops of* 

the mountains. 
CiiiBi»T, mn, cement, a kind of dtie or mortar : 

a tie, a bond of union or fHendshitt. 
CxMBBTBR, «a* to comeat^ to unite by maana 6^ 

aoma glatiaoas aubstance^ tb bind, td join, 

to unite in ^endship : tO stratigAen. 
CiMENTXEii, im, a cement<*Biak«r or seller. 
CmBt-BBRE, if. a citlietar, a ciiaiiter, a scimitflr, 

a falehida, a itort ofooked aw/ndi 
CiMETiiRB, rf. a cemetery, a churchxyard, a 

buryiiig<>-ground, a place latere the dead bo-> 

dies of human beings ara butiad^ 
CiMiBB, Ml. (her.) a oreatt a buttock of beef* 

Cimierde eerf, a haunch of yenison. 
CiBABRB, Ml. (min.) cinnabar, red sulphur^ of 

meronry. 
CiN&RAtaa, ddj. Ml of aabas^ Ume ein/Sraire, 

an urn containing the aehes of a dead person* 
CiwiRATiOH, rf. cineration^ the reducing of any* 

thing to ashes by combustion* 
CiKoLAOB, Ml. (faar«) a ship's eaurse during 

twenty-four hours. 
CtNOLBR, va. to laah, taaeoufge, to switch. 
CxNGLBB, vn. (mar.) to cut : to sail with a fhir 

wind. Li nont eingUt tha wind cuta one'a 

fiKe. Cingltr en hauU iner, to Sail itt the 

open sea* 
CiNNAMOM E, Ml. ciiinamon, the bark c^ taro ape- 

ciea of Laurus* 
Cinq, mi. a flya (dt tardt) : a dft<|ue (at dfee). 

Le emq de eafreaur, the flte of diatnonda. 
Cinq, nnm. adj. Ave. 
CtNQUAiK, Ml. (mt/<) Are battailions in battle^ 

arrisy. 
CiNQt7ANTAfNEi rf. fifty* !/«# ctfifvatitaffftf de 

livret, fifty pounds. Avoir id einqnantaine, to 

befifty years old < 
CiMQUAXTE, num. adj. fifty. Chtfuante hamihet 

tt einquantefemniet, fifty men mid fifty women* 
CiNQuANTBKXER, tm* B osptafai of fifty men. 
CiNQu antxAmb, ddj. Udt» fifti«th: the fiftiath 

part* 



CIR 

ifth elan or ibrti. 
CtnqvikuMMEMT, miUu fifthly, in th« fifth plaoe. 
Cisrniox, m, (mar.) thd lopef whioh either 

radicle or tie ft ship. 
CiRTiii tm. «■ «nsh : awoodennioU for an aroh« 
CiTraxa, «a. to arch) to build an archy lo make 

aithirava. Ciutrwr tmt port»> um fmU&t^ to 

trch a aoor» a window. 
CirpB, «ai. (arcsfc.) eippoa, a pillar with an in- 

icnption, a graTe-stone : an instronent by 

which the alavee and criminala were pnnished 

among the aneienta. 
CiiAOK« am. the waziag of a thing; bladiing 

for boots and shoes. Cvng^ anglaiSf English 

bladdng. 
CiBcoitciBK, vs. to oireomeise, to ont off the 

prepoee er forashin of males. 
CiKcoKcis, m. one who is cireamcisedi a 

Jew or a Mahometan* 
CijtcoNciaioH, sf. dreumcision, the rite or ict 

of eatting off toe foieekin. 
CiBcoNcisEUR, sii».a cirottmoiser^ one who per^ 

aMiBS civemBciaion* 
CiBcoNPiREMcs, tf. a drcnmferenoe) the line 

that bounds a eirele : an oib, a cirQle, a earn- 

peas, a dreuit. 
CiBcoN>LBj[R» a4f . (acoMt) a oiroumflez aoeent. 
CimcoxLocvTioii* ^. dreumlooattott, a oirtuit 

M-eompaaa of woids, a periphrase. 
CiacoNScBiYTioif , «^'. circumscription, the line 

that limits : limitasion, bound, confinement. 
CiKcoNscRiRE, tw. to oiroumseribe, to inclose 

withia a eartain limit : to bound, to eneirde, 

to limit, to confine. 
CiKcoNSPccrr, adj» circumspect, watchfnl en aQ 

■ides : cautious, prudent, attentiTO to ereny 

thing. 

CiBcoNSpacnoN, sf. cireumnpection, attention 

to all the dnmmstances of a case : caution, 

prudence. 
CiBcoasTAVCB, ^. a oircumstanee, something 

relatite to a net or case : a conjunctura, a 

case : an occadon, an opportunity. Lot tU 

tirtonttsne€f a law*requiredby cireumstancee. 
CiBcoMSTANciELyO^;- (gT.) circumstautid, that 

points out the necessary modifications. 
CiBcoKtraKOiaa, «a. to circuaostantiate, to de* 

•cribe, to point out all droumstances. 
CiBcoNTALLATioff, s^. (.fi^t*) drcumTsUation, 

a sanoonding with a wdl or rampart. 
CiBcoNVEHiR , va. to drcumveut, to prerail orer 

a&other by wile or fraud : to defraud, to de- 

ceife, to delude, to impose on. 
CiBcoHrEMTioN, rf. Circumvention^ firaud, de- 
ception, impoature. 
CiBcoifToisiN, «4;. neighbouring, adjoining, 

bordering upon. 
CiRcovvoLUTK>K»{^.drenmyolution, the act of 

rolling round. 
CiBcviT, «■». a circuit, a droumferenoei a eir- 

comvolution, a compass. 
CiacoLAiax, o^, and <• circular, orbienlar: a 

ciicalar Utter. 
CucmLAiaaxEKT* adv. circularly, in form of a 

eirde. 
CiBcvLAitT,iu{^*.drciilatiiig« BilUUcircuhnts, 

wcalatang BOtM* 
79 



CIT 

CxRcuLATiov, if. drcuUtioB» fiax, cnmmp 
La eiretUation du tang, the drculation of tbe 
bhwd. 

CxRcuLATOtBs, o^, (e&em.) drculatovy» oiieu* 
lating, 

CiRcu.LXB, vn. to drculate, to move or pass 
round: to more round. Faire eirculor de$ 
biUitt, to put notes in circulation. Vargmt 
ettfait pour cireuUr, money is intended for 
circulation. 

CxBB, tf, wax : waz-caadlea» wax -light. Cir$ 
vierge, un?nrought wax. Pain de ciro, a loll, 
a taper. Ciro d*Eipagne, sealing-wax. 

Ciai, a^, waxed. De la toiU cvrHt oil-doth i 
seardoth. 

CiRER, M. to wax^ to smear with wax, to auiko 
to shine, to polish. 

CiRiER, im. a wax-chandler, ha who makea <w* 
sells wax-candles. 

CiRoiNB, if, a plaster for a bruise^ cezedoth. 

CiRON, jfR. (an inMeet) ahandworm, afieshwotm % 
the little blister occadoned by the insect. 

Cirque, <j». a drcus, (in an^qaity) a round or 
ord edifice used for shows to the people : {in 
fnodorn timet) a drcular inalosure for the ex-* 
hibition of feats of horsemanship. 

CirsocAle, ^. C|%,) drsocele, dilatation of tha 
qiermatio Tdas, a tumour. 

CiRURB, {f. hard blacking in cakes for shoat or 
boots. 

Cx8Axi.i,EB« on. (lainl.) to shear matals, to eHI 
with shears, to clip. 

CiSAiLL£8,{f. pi. shears: dlppii^orahsaringA 

C18BAU, tm, a chisel > a graver* 

CiSBAUx, sm.pl. scissors. Une paire deetMaax, 
apdrofsdsaors. CiemiMPcteiardWiter, ahears^ 

C18BLER, va. to carve, to anchaae : to cat vel- 
vet into fiowera. 

C18BLBT, tm. a graver, a chaser's tool* 

C18BLBUB, em. a chaser, one that enchaaea. 

C18ELUBB, rf, chasing : chased or carved w6rk : 
carving, scu^ture. 

C1801R, tm, a goldsmith's ehisel. 

C1801RB, (^'.agraver, a littlechisd used in ndatAt 

CiSTE, tm. (bot,) cistus, the rodooae. 

CiTAOBLLE, tf. a dtadel, a tower, a foitrasBk 

ClTADIN, tm. \ . . ... ^ - 

CiTADiKi,,^. / •» »»•»«»«»»» «f • town. % 

townsman or woman. 
Citation, sf. a citation, a suaunona : a qnota^ 

tion : the passage or wolds quoted* 
CiTATOiRE, adj. citatory, having the form of 

citation. L$ttret eitatoiret, citatory letters. 
CiTic, tf. a city, a large town : a corporate town-: 

the inhabitants of a dty, the citisens4 La 

vilU Ui ileva Mne tUUv4, the city erected a 

atatue in his honour. 
CiTER, va. to cite, to summon : to aaU or Mine 

in support, proof or confinnation. 
CxTiaiBtiR, o4;* the hither, nfgher or nearer iH 

plaoe, in time or other inferior relation. 
CiTBRNB, tf.tL datem, an artifidd reservoir, or 

reoeptacle for hddiog water. 
CiTBRNEAu, em. a little cistern, a filter. 
CiTBABB, tf. a sort of lyre in nsa among the 

ancients* 
CxTOYXN, Ml. la dtiaen, a fraaman ot a £raa« 
, CxTOY£MKB» ff.j wouaa of a dty^ 



CLA 

Cmiif » tdj. citrine, of a lemon eoloar, yellow 

or greenish yellow. 
Citron, mi. a citroo, i lemon« £eorce di €itr&n$ 

lemon-peel. 
CiTBONNAT, m. candied lemon peel. 

CiTROKNi, act;. ^*^ ^*" ^® ^^^ ^i* ^^^^^ ^^ 
lemon. 

CiTBONNjtLLE, {f. citron-water : (a plant) 
balm-mint. 

CiTRONNiER, tm. a lemon-tree. 

CxTRouiLLB, sf. R citrul, a pumpion, apampldn, 
a g^ord. ^ 

CiVADiiRE, sf. (mar.) the sprit-sail. 

CiTx or CivxTTE, (a plant) rf. chiTes, a species 
of small onion. 

Civet, gm* stewed or jugged hare. 

CiVETTX, rf, young onions, chives : a civet-cat, 
an animal that produces the civet : civet, a 
substance taken from a bag under the tail of 
the civet-eat. 

CiviArei tf, a handbarrow. 

Civil, adj. civil, political, intestine : politOi 
conrteous, complaisant, genteel, well-bred. 
Droit eivil, the civil law. Proems ewilt a 
civil action. Guerre eivik, a civil war. 
Droiti eivilt, political rights. 

CtviLEM ENT, adv, civilly, according to tbe civil 
^laws, civilly, courteously, politely, kindly, 
in a oourteons manner. AforC eiviUtMnt, 
dead in law. 

Civilisation, tf, civilization, the art of dvil- 
iaing, the state of being civiUaed. 

CiviLisxR, va4 to civilize, to soften or polish 
manners. Ln wttioru eiviUs6a, civilised 
nations. 

CiviLiri, tf. civility, refinement of maimers, 
courteous behaviour, good breeding, courtesy, 
politeness. CivUit£s, pL compliments, acts 
^ of politeness. 

Civiovs, adj. civic. Un eouronne eivique, a 
civic crown. 

C1VI8MB, tm, civism, civic spirit, love of 
oountiy, patriotism. ^ 

Clabaud, tm. a hound that barks unseasonably : 
a stupid, noisy talker. 

Claba voAos, tm. the barking of dogs, a trouble- 
some noise. 

Clabauder, tm. to bark to clamour, to bawl. 

Clabau der i E,<f .clamour, troublesome bawling. 

Clabaudeur, «m« 1 1 ^. . 

Cl*baud«o». ,r. ; » «>«»»"'. • »«»«y man 
or woman. 

Claire, tf, a hurdle, a texture of sticks woven 
- together. 

Clair, im. shine, the light. Clair de lune, 
moonlight. ' Jn the plural, it is only applied 
to paintings. Let eUurt d*un tabUan, the 
lights and shade of a picture. ClatT'ofueur, 
chiaro-scuro. 

Clair, adj,c\BU, bright, luminous, light, trans- 
parent: polished, deaa, neat: canorous, 
soundingdistinctly ! limpid, pure: clear, evi- 
dent, manifest : perspicuous, plain, obvious, 
distinct, intelligible : indisputable, undeni- 
able. Rongt clair, red brown. ' Brunclatr, 
light brown. Style clair, a clear style. Un 
eeufelair, an addle %^, Ftu clmr, a bright 
fire. Cf <a eti elair, that is evidenu 
80 



CLA 

• 

Clair, adv, clearly, plainly distinctly* evi< 
dently, obviously. Voir elair, to see plainly. 
Parler elair, to speak clearly or frankly. 
Clair eomme lejour, as plain or evident as day- 
light. 

Clairement, adv. cleariy,distinctly, evidently, 
obviously, visibly, manifestly. 

Clairbt, a4;. (vin.) claret, claret wine. Eau 
elairette, cherry-brandy. 

Claire-voie, tf. an opening in the wall of a 
garden closed with rails, or by a ditch : (orcA.) 
too wide a space. Senior a elaire vote, to sow 
thin. 

ClairiAre, tf, a glade, a lawn or opening in a 
wood. 

Clairon, «m« a clarion, a kind of trumpet, so 
called from its shrill sound. 

Clair-semA, adj. thiiily sowed, scarce. Let 
traitt d*etprit tont elair'ttm^i dant ee 
livre, there are few sparkles of wit in that 
book. 

Clairvoyance, tf. quickness of understanding, 
sagacity, penetration. 

Clairvoyant, adj, clear-sighted, discerning, 
judicious. 

Clameur, tf. clamour, noise, vociferation, 
outcry. 

Clambuse, adj. {ehatn) a noisy chase. 

Clan, tm. a clan, a tribe, a race, a family. 

Clandestin, aiff, clandestine, secret, private, 
hidden, withdrawn from public view 

CLANDESTiNBMENT,a<{v.clande8tiiiely,aecretly, 
privately^ in secret, in private. 

CLANDESTiNiTi, tf. (jitr.)clandestinenes8, pri- 
vacy, secrecy, a state of concealment. 

Clapet, tm. a valve, a leathern flap. 

Clapier, tm, a cony-burrow, a warren, an en- 
closure for rabbits. 

Clapir, vn. to squedc (as a rabbit). 

Clapir (Se), vr. to squat, to lie squat, to hide 
onesell in a burroW. 

Clapotaoe, tm, (mar.) plashing, alight motion 
of tbe sea. 

Clapotbr, vn. to plash, to dash with water. 

Clapeux, adj, (mar.) swelling, rolling. Mer 
elapotetue, a rough sea. 

CLAP0Ti8,rai. the rippling of the sea. 

Claque, tf. a slap, a blow with the head* 
Claquet, pi. clogs, upper-shoes. 

Claque, tm, a folding opera-hat. 

Claqubdbnt, tm. (vulvar) a half-starved 
wretch : a begg^ : (Jam,) a noisy, empty 
fellow. 

Claquement,^. clapping, any noise occasioned 
by a sudden collision or explosion. Claque^ 
ment de maint, the clapping of hands. CUupu^ 
ment de dentt, the chattering of teeth. Claqne' 
ment defouet, tbe smacking of a whip. 

Claquehurxr, va. to immure, to confine, to 
shut up, to coop, to imprison. 

Claquexurer (Se), vr, to shut oneself at 
home. 

Claquer, va. and n. to clap, to strike with 
soniething broad, to flap : to strike as with a 
whip, to smack, to clack, to snap. Clafgutr 
det maim, to olsp hands, to applaud. 

Claqubt or Cliqvbt, tm, a mill-clapper, a 
rattle: a chatterbox, Sa langu/e va eomme 



CLE 

«R dtfuet, his or her tongotf rans'like » mill^ 

dipper. 
€LAQPEVR,fii. a clapper, a noisy ap^lauder. 
Claripicatiok, if, (^ekeKu) danfication, clari- 

CiAttnn, M. to clarify, to make deaf, to de- 
iscata, to fine. 

CLAarpiBs (Se), vr, to clarify, to g^w dear. 

CLianri, s^. a little befl hong to the neck of 
cattle. 

CLiaiNrrrE, tf. a darioet, a wind iDStrument 
ofanisie. 

CLAaTi,sf.eIeanMsSy light, brightness: white- 
MM or deamess of complexion : transpa- 
naej, perspicuitj. La elaric du toUit, do la 
lume, the brightness, of the sun, of the moon. 
J^rt ttwoe clurii, to write in a dear style. 

Clame, gf, a class, an order or rank of persons : 
s set of beings or things ranged under a 
w— won denomination : a class, a school, a 
fono. : the seholaBS of a class : school-time. 
U% foiniro do lavromHre etasoe, a iwtnter of 
ths first class. Let baoett clatiot, the lowest 
fivBM. U nefma fat joaor pondant la elas$o, 
one most not plav during school-time. 

CiAssxMVKT, jsi. eussing, the state of what is 



Clush, «a. to class, to arrange in a class or 
ds ss Bs , to set in order, to place in sets, 
laoks or diTiaidns : the act of foiming. 

Classipication, rf, classification, the act of 
fenaing into classes: the distiibution into 
Mts, sorts, or ranks. 

CLAtsniuE, adf, classic, classical, rdating to 
■Dcient authors: pure, chaste, eorrsct. SiyU 
€tattiqvit, % elasdosl s^rle. Autoriti eUusique, 
a classical authority. 

Clause, ^. a clause or condition, an article in 
a eoDtract, a distinct stipulation, condition. 



CuirsTBA L, adf, clanstrd, lelattng to a cloister 

or rdigiouB house. 
Clatxau, «■!• or CLATSLfis, $f, the scab, the 

lot, a distemper inddent to ueep. 
Claveauz,!!!!. f/. (srdi.) the hances, theenda 

of sUiptical arches, the srch<^tones. 
CiATsciv, jm. a harpaiohord. Touehor lo 

tkoocin, to plaj on the harpsiehord. 
CLATscmiera, jm. a player on the piano or 

Ittrpsichord. 
CuTBLfi, adj, that is infected with the zot. 
CuTtTTE, of. a key, a peg, a wooden pin, 
CLATicvLXy rf» (miat,) the clavicle, the collar- 



Clatibb, fsi. a key-chain or ring, a bunch of 
keys : the keys of some musicd iastrumenis. 
Clayov, am, a small hurdle. 
Clatomaoe, «f. a fence (made of hurdles and 

too. 

Clev, {^. (new tprtttsn a$ frotumneod ci.fi) a key, 
Fcrawr it tU, to lock up. CU do immtrs, a 
watch-key. CU do vo^tt, the key-stone of 
tvaalu Ffenrfrs la ci^det cfiampf, to scamper 
sway. 

CUheiicb, flf. clemency, mercy: diaposition 
te treat with lenity, to forgive, to spare, as 
Un meU di€ ctc$iunet, an set of 



CLl 

CLfiMBKT, dement, lenient, compaflsioiiste» 

tender, merciful. 
Clementines, of, pi. the coostitationB of Pope 

Clement V. 
Clenche or CuNCHE, rf, a latch, a bolt, an 

iron pin. 
CLEPSYDRE,'{f. a clepsydra, a water-dock, a 

time-piece used by the Greeks and Romans. 
Clebc, tm. a clerk, a clergyman or ecdeaiaslic : 

one who is employed in sn office public or 

private. 
CLBBofi, fm. the clergy, a body of men set 

apart and oonseeratM to the senrice of God 

in the Christian church. 
Clbbical, <i4;.clericd, relating sr pertainin^^ to 

the clergy. Foiicrioiud^i<xilM,clericd duties. 
CLiRicALEXENT, odv, dsrgyman-like. £tro 

v4tu eUriealomoHt, to be drassed like a dergy- 



CLiRiCATVBE, ff. deikship : the state of a 
clergyman. PrioiUgot do eUricaturo, the 
benefit of the clergy. 



ClIent'e,*^. } ' ^^*®"*' ^^ ^^^ "PP"** *^' 
counsel : a dependent. 



ei 



CLiENTfiLE, sf. clientship, all the clients of a 

lawyer, a physician, and the like : protection. 

Jsfrs aous'la eUoaUU do ^elqu'un, to be under 

some one's protection. 
Clionement, <m. a wink, a winking or twink- 
ling of the eyelids. 
Cligne-mussbtte or Climusetts, (^children's 

play) hide snd seek. 
Cligneb (les yeuz) va. to wink, to twinkle 

(the eyes). 
Clignotembnt, mi. a twinkling, a frequent 

twinkling of the eyes. 
Clignoter, vn, to twinkle. II ne fait $«< 

eUgnotoTt he is constanly twinkling the eyea. 

Yie dso say, CUgnoterdotyewt, 
Climat, tm. (goog.) a climate, a part of the 

surface of the earth, bounded by two drdess 

parallel to the equator, a dime : a country, 

a region, a tract of land or country. 
Climactbbique, adj, climacteric, denoting a 

eriticd period of human life. 
Clin o'ceil, srn. the twinkling of an eye. En 

un elin d*eeil, or on moint d'un elm d^eeil, odv* 

osp, in a trice, in the twinkling of an eye. 
Clinche, tf. a latch, a bolt or iron pin. 
Cliniqub, adf. (vhy.) clinic, clinical. Malads 

eliniquo, a patient who keeps his or her bed. 
Clinquant, im. tinsel, fidse glitter. Fo€no 

pUino do etinquant, poetry hill of tinsel. 
Clinquantsr, va, to load with tinsel, to adora 

with fidse glitter. 
Cliqub, sf, a gang, a partv* s faction* II cit 

do la ehque, he is one of the gang. 
Cliquet, fmt a mill-clapper. 
Cliqueteb, vfi. to clack, to dang, to dash, to 

knab. 
Cliqcetis, im. the dsshing, the clang of arms. 
Cliqvsttes, tf, (a boy's) snappers, dappers. 
Clisse, tf. a small hurdle. Clitse*, pl, {ckir,) 

splints. 

IClisseb, va, (cfttr.) to splint, to secure by 
splints. 
Clivbb, sa. out diamant) to shave a diamond. 

G 



COA 

CMi4«Vi, $mt %uixk, i^ comman Mwer, tilthy 

place. 
CLocnUf if^ •Mil ^ (plafibell : » Vlister. J*iU 

des elocMt atus pUdt, I hare 1l>liitera under 

mj fMU 4 9hch$ pkd, 0dv, exp. hoppingr 

upon one leg. 
Clqchxmbnti fill, limping, hobbling* 
CU'OciiEni MS. a steeple : a pariidi. On compile 

anoiran die nulU elociktrM «ti AngUterre, they 

reckon abont ten thouiand panahes in Eng- 
land. 
Clochbi, va* (ag.) to ooTer with glwabells. 
CtocHifUi v»» to Ump, to bobble, to go lame : 

to be deficient, not to fit. Ce rattmiMsMnt 

eUchtf that afgqment is lame. 
Cm>chetts> ffb a hand'bell : (ftet-) (be bell- 
flower. 
Cloison, ff. • partition (<^l)etrda 0r of iuwqd- 

work). 
Ci.osfoirirAOSf tm. pMtitiosi-w«rk« 
Cfcotrita, m. a doiater, a monastexy, aeoaTant, 

a nunnery. . ^ 

CLQiTEsa, va. to cloister, to sedude inm the 

world : (/am.) to immure. 
Clo!trixr, tm, a cloisteial-monk* 
Ciof iy-oi.OPAirT, adv, sxp. hobbling along, at 

an eai^pace. 
Ctopiiran, iu. to hobble along^ to walk lamely. 
Cloporte, cm. (anirueet) a wood-louae.' 
Clorb or CLOBRBf va. to close, to enelose, to 

annround, to stop : to finish, to end, to con- 

dvda. 
Clos, part, of clorb, closed, ahnt up* A kuu 

clot, with closed doozs. A ymui eloi, without 

examining. II ett nuit eUue, it is quite 

daik. 
Clos, mi. a dose, a garden er small fleld en- 

cloaed. 
Closbav, im. a small dose, a little orchard. 
Clossxment or Gloussxmbnt, $m, the chuek- 

ling M* elncking (of a hen). 
Closser or Olousssr, vn. to elude (as hens). 
Cl6tijrb, ^. an enclosure, a fence: a sepi- 

ment. vUture d*tm eompU, the closing of an 

account. Ci&tuv d*une atM€mbUe, the last 

session of an assembly. Saw eUturt, adv, 

fenceless. 
Ctov,ifii. anail, astnd: (pfty.)aboil: cUmde 

girafe, a clove. Enf oncer un eUnit to drive 

a nail. 
GtovBR, va, to nail, to tack. JEtre elaui, to be 

sedentary or assiduous. li ut eloni hir us 

limm, he is Constantly at his books. 
Cloutbb, oa. to stud, to adorn with nails. 
CiovTBRXB, sf. the nail-trade : a forge where 

nails are made. 
CtouTiBB, sat. a nailer, a nail-maker or aeHer. 
Cloy Are, tf, a kind of scuttle for fish. Uno 

cloyere d*huitret, a barrd of oysters. 
GtuB, im. (FrmcU/ied), a club, an assembly 

of men, usually met for politicd purposes. 
Clvbiste, <m. a clubbist, a member of a dub. 
Close, rf. (J'ak.) a fiil<ioner's cdl to his dogs. 
CLTMiNE, ^'. (a p<ant)d3rmenon, water-betony . 
ClystAre, rather say remede, tm, a clyster. 
CLYST&RiasBy i»« to dystexise, tp i^ly a 

clyster. 
CoACcusi, adj, (Jwr*) one aceuaad with aaothan 
8S 



coc 

Cqactif, m^, eototive, coevciTt* fovoi|k9» c«m' 

^ pulsory. Pouvoir eoactif, a coercive power. 

CoACTiON, if. ooaotion, force, coqupulsion. . 

CoADjvTBUB, on, a coadjutor, an assistant, a 
fellow-helper. 

CoADJVTOBBRiB, ff. coadjutQrahip, the ooad* 
jutorship, the coadjutor's ofiice : joii^t as- 
sistance. 

CoADjuTBiCB, tf, a Goadjutrix, a feinale as* 
sistant. ' . 

CoAOULATiow, {f. oQfigulation, oongelation> 
congealing : the state of being oongealed. 

CoAOtLBB, va. to coagulate, tp concrete, to 
congeal, to curdle, to clot. La pr^M^rs 
coogule U lait, rennet coagulates milk. 

CoAOVLEB (Se), or* to curdle or congeal, to 
turu from a fluid into a consistent state* Le 
lait M ooagvU, milk turns to curds. 

CoAOVLVM, $m» the coagulation produced by a 
mixtiure of liquors : a thuag that liaa the 
power of coagulating. La primrt et$ im 
coapkUMt rennet has the power of 009Cu- 
lating. 

CoALiiBB (Se), «r. to codeao^* to join, to 
form an alliance with. 

Coalition, rf. coalition, the iinion of sovfral 
substances in one body or mass : the union 
of parties er states: the aet of joining. 

Coaptation, ff. (cfttr.) the adjustmest of U^e 
fragments of a fractured hope. 

CoAssEMENT, JM. tho crodiing of firoga* 

CoAssBB, vn* to croak, as a fVog. 

Cobalt or Cobolt, (mtn.) odMUt, cobdt* 

Coc^GNx, sf. a puuic festival, duriuff whidi 
wine sod provisions are diatribntea to the 
people. Payi dt eoeagne, a country of plenty, 
a land of milk and honey. H4* d$ coeagn^p 
a high meat, amooth and glib, at tlie top of 
which priaea are affixed for thoae who climb 
up to it. 

Coca BOB, if, a eockade» s knot of hbbon er 
stuff worn on the hat. 

C0CA88E, a4f. (P^*) ftuunr* odd, coaiiaftl. 
Un komm$ eooaee, a comicsi fellow. 

CocATRix, na. (not. hut,) a cockatrice* a ser- 
pent supposed to rise from a cock's egg* 

Coccyx, tm. (aaat.) coccyx, a little bone united 
to the extremity of the spine. 

CocBB, tm, (tffrs.) a stage-ooach* Cooke d'oau, 
a passage-boat. 

CocBE, ff. ah old hit sow : (pop.) an iU-ah^>od 
woman: a notch. 

COCHENILLAOB, fM. B COCluB^al miXtUTa filT 

dyeing : the act of dyeing with cocbinod. 
CocBXNiLLE, tf, eochmed, an insect from 

which csrmine is nmde, and cnmaon and 

scarlet colours extracted. 
CocuBNiLLBB, Bft. to dye with coehined* 
CocBENiLLiER, tm. the coehined- tree. 
CocBBB, va. to tread ; as, Ls csf esefte i« jmbIs, 

the cock treads the ben. 
Cocber, tm, a coachman, a driver* 
CocH^BE, a^. (porte) a gate, a coach*gate. 
CocBET,fm. a cockerel, a voung cock: 
CocBBVis, ff. (• bird) tae copped or erastod 

lark. 
CocHLiABiA, am. (a plawt) cochleariti apoon* 

wort, tcttrvy-grass. 



COG 

CocHQ]f» Ml. t hog> % P^S* Oeekan de lait, % 
tmkof'fif, Cachgm d*lnde, • Gainet-pig. 

CocBOPNAiLLB, rf. nil poA, MMsages, bUek 
puddings, and the like. 

CocaoxBis, sf. a litter of pig». 

CocaoiivsB,eii. to fiurrow, to bring forth pigt : 

(n*.) to work iloTealr. 
Cocwwvain, rf, filth, fikhuMi, dirt, itiiigi- 



CocBoniT, m, a jack to howl at : a twelTO- 

JMeddie. 
Coco, M. eoeoa, the cocoa-snt. La t^utir du 

M»» the palp of the ooeoa-nut. 
CocoB, m. the eod of a sUk*wonn. 
Coconu, m. a cocoa-tree. 
CocrioH, if. eoetioa, the act of hoiHng : deooo- 

tioB : 8 digestioa in the stomach. 
Cocv, aa. (pop.) a eockold, one whose wife it 

ttwtohiahed. 
CoccAOB, MB. eockoldom, the etate of being a 

Mdold. 
CocoriBB, «a. to cnekold, to make a man a 

CQckoli. 
CoDt, in. a code, atatntaa : any collection or 

d^wtoflawB. 
CooiciLLAiKx» 4uH« oodioiUaiT, contained in 

• eodi«a. 

CooiaLLt, fli. a eodidl, a aopplement to a will. 
CoDoxATAiat, mif, he or ahe'to wFiom a thing 

it giTta joiaUjT with another person 
^'''iciBBT, Ml. (•%.) a coeftcient, the nnm- 

Wr pUced belora an algebraical qnantitr and 

k^rvhichitismnltiphed, 
CoKAi, e4f. eoeqaal, equal with another. 
CoticuLB, aJjf. coercible, that may be con- 



Coitcmr, adj. coercive, that has the power 

^Twtnhu 
^ ^<^«T TOB, if. coercion, restraint, check: 

c^apoliaeDileKe. 
(^^EiBBL, ad;', cootemal, eanaUr eternal 

^^Kt aa. the heart, the atonach : courage, 
'Prit, vigMr, strength: affection, love: 
*i>d, desire, inclination : the middle, the 
««tia «r inner part of any-thing: (at 
<■»*) a heart. De bom cobut, de grand exur, 
•*: ««p. Keartilj, willingly. A eontrt ecmr, 
HUM the gtidB, against one's wiU. Par 
««w, by heart. 

^(^uisTAVT, odi'. coexistent, existing at the 
«■* ti«e with moHier. 

^puisTtNCB, tf. oo-existence, simvltaneon* 
«n«8Bce. 

^uiiTEa, fa. to eooxiil, to exist at the same 

tint 

^«'ri». m. (oh.) a ronad high basket. 
^«"«i (Se), vr. {tp^aking rfflowen) to cnrl, 
^tma ip. (,p|(4 eabmtt^aken) to bend. 

rU*' *»• » chest, a trunk, a box, a cofler. 

*^«-/ort, a strong box to keep cash in. Le 

"/« d'lHu eoMicro, the seat of a box. Riehe 

«••« HB opfre, as rich as a Jew. 
^«'»« w, «a. (ofci.) to pot in a box : (fam.) to 
.*pniH.lopQtinjail. 
^^»»T, If. t bttle cheat or tmaik : a forett. 
^'•mta, aa. a tnnik*maker. 
^<K» jAi«. ^, (a fruit) • wild qnim, 

83 



COI 

C00NA8SIXR, tm. the qttinoc»tree« 

CooNAT, m. Ott**-) * GOffnate, a kinsmaa, par- 
ticularly on the side of women. 

CoGVATiON, sf. Q'tir.) cognation, relation : by 
descent from the aame stock: relationship! 
allied (by blood) : kindred (by birth). 

Coo!CAtiQUE, a4^f, suocossion by cognation. 

CognAb, if, a hatchet, an axe. Atkr au M$ 
9an$ eognSe, to go to Sea without biacnit^ 
Jeter le manehe apres la eognSe, to throw tho 
halve after the hatchet. 

CooNB-riTu, tm. (pop.) a marplot, a busy*body« 

CooNBR, 00. to thtust, to drivo or knock in. 

CoGNEBy vfi. to knock, to mall : to beat, to 
maul. Cogner d une parte, to loiock at a 
door. / 

CooNBB (Be), to knock against. Se eegntr la 
tite centre le mur, to knock one's head againii 
the wall, to undertake a thing impossiUe. 

CooNoin, im. (with printer$) amAUet,awood6ii 
haouner. 

CooNiTir, a4f« cognitive, endowed with th« 
power of Imowing, apprehending. Faea(l| 
eogfutive, a eognitive power. 

Cognition, tf. (obi.) cognition, appreh«Baioli» 
the power of Imowing. 

Cohabitation, tf, oohabitatioD, tho Stat* ^f 
living together as husband aod wilb. 

CoBABiTBR, on. to cohabit, to live tog«ther a» 
husband and wife. 

CoHiuENCB, sf. coherence, coherency, soityMf 
connexion: consistency* 

Coherent, a^. coherent, c<Mmeeted, tuiited: 
suitable : consistent. 

CoH&aiTXBB, im. a coheir, a joint heir. 

CoHiBiTiftRB, {f. a coheiresi, afemale whohaf 
an equal share in an inheritance. 

C0B&S10N, jf. (fiat, hiet.) cohesion, adheaioQf 
connexion, dependence. 

CoHOBATioN, $f. (chem,) cohobation, the pro* 
cess of double distillation. 

CoHOBER, DO. (chetn.) to cohobate, to repeit 
the distillation of a liquor. 

Cohorts, tf, a cohort: a multitude, a com- 
pany, a band : (among the Romant) a body 
of about five hundred men : a body of war 
riors. Une eohorte do pratig£s, a miUtitndo 
of dependents. 

CoHVE, if. a rout, a crowd. 

Coi, adj. is only used in the following eea- 
teuces : Se tenir, demeurer coi or coito, to keep 
oneself quiet, to be quiet or still. 

Coippx, «['. a coif, a woman's cap, acbild'f 
caul. Cotjfo de tiutt, a night-cap. Coif de 
chapeau, the lining of a hat. 

CoirrEB, ui. ^ coif, to dress with a coif. 

CoippiR, Oft. (ipoo^g of a hat or wig) to 
fit well. 

CoiFpER (Se), vr. to dress one's hea^, St 
coiffer do, to be smitten with. 

Coiffeur, im. a hoir-dfesser. 

CoiFFEUSE, of. s tirewomao, a milliner* 

CoiPTURB, if. a coifinre, a head-dress. 

Coin, «m. a coin, a comer, an angle : a di9 
to stamp money or silver plate : a wedge to 
cleave wood : the clock of a stocking. Lm 
quatre coini de hoadret; the fbur par^i* er ^r- 
nen of London. Regarder dn coin d# VttUt 



COL 

' to leer upon. ^ Covu, pL (mth ftrinters) quoins,' 
weoden wedges. Etre marqu6 au btm coin, to 
be of the rigbt stamp. 

CoiNciDBNCE, tf. ooincidence, concurrence; 
consistency, ugreement. La eo'ineidence da 
depo$ition$t the coincidence of witnesses. 

CoiNcinENTytu/;'. coincident, consistent, concur- 
, rent, agreeable to. 

CoiNCiDEB, vn, to coincide, to concur : to be 
oontistent with, to agree. Ces £v£neminU, 
those events coincide with each other. 

CoiKO or Coin, mr. {afruii) a quince, a me- 
locoton. 

Co'iT, fm.' coition, copulation. 

Col or Cou, am, the neck, the part which joins 
the head and the body : a stock, a collar : a 
defile, a strait. Le col d^wM ehemite, a shirt- 
collar. 

CoLACHON, tm, an Italian lute. 

CoLARiN, <m. (arch.) coUarin, the frieze of the 
capital in the Doric and Tuscan columns. 

CoLATURx, $f, (jpkarm,) colatnre, the act of 
^ straining^; the matter strained. 

CoLCHiQUE, or TuE-CHiEV, <m. (a plant) col- 
chicum, meadow-saffron. 

C0LXRA-MOBBV8, tm. (a pestilential diicate) 
cholera-morbui, a sudden evacuation of bile 
both upwards and downwards. 

CoLitRx, tf. anger, irritation of the passions, 
wrath, cnoler, passion. Se meitre en oolert, 
to fall into a passion. 

CoLJkRB, adj. choleric, inclined to anger : pas- 
sionate, irascible, easily irritated. 

CoLXRST, tm. a drag, a kind of net. 

CoLiBRi, tm, (not. hist.)the hununing-bird : a 
little iuflignificaat man. 

CoLiricBET, tm. a bauble, a trifle, a gew-gaw, 
a toy : trifling embellishments : (with mhitert) 
a fife. 

CoLiMACON, <ni. (an intect) a snail, a snail's- 
•hell. 

CoLiN-sAAXLLAED, tm, blind -mau's-buff. 

Colin -TAMPON, sm. a Swi-s march : (fam.) 
S'en moquer eomme de eoUn'tampon, to care 
not a fig. 

CoLiQVK, tf, (a diteate) colic, a pain in the 
bowels. 

CoLxsix, tm. the coliseum, a celebrated am- 
phitheatre at Ronie. 

CoLLABORATEUR, Ml. s fellow-labouier, an as- 
sociate in operation, a coadjutor. 

CoLLATiBAL, Ml. R Collateral relation or kins- 
man. 

CoLLATiRAL, o^f' Collateral, not direct, not 
immed iate. Succettion eollatiraU, a collateral 
succession. 

CoLLATEUR, tm, R colUtor, one who collates to 
a benefice, a patron. 

CoLLATiF, adj. collative, that may be con- 
ferred. 

Collation, tf, a collation, an adrowson, a 
rigbt of presentation to a vacant benefice : 
the comparison of a copy with the original : 
an afternoon luncheon, a light supper. 

COLLATX0NNF.B, va. to collate, to compare a 
copy with the original. Collationnerun livret 
to examine whether all the pages of a book 
are original. 
84 



COL 

CoLLATioNNSR, VB. to eat B light supper. 
CoLLE, tf, glue, paste, sixe : (pop.) a sham, a 
story. ColU forU, glue. Colle de poitton, 
isinglass. 

CoLLhCTE, tf. a collect, the gathering of a tax 
(obt. in thit tente) : a short comprehensive 
prayer: a gathering for a charitable purpose. 

CoLLECTBUB, Ml. B coHoctor, B tBX-gBtherer. 

CoLLECTiF, adj. (gr.) collective, expressing a 
number or multitude united. Nom coUeetif, 
a collective noun. 

Collection, tf. a collection : an aggrefration, 
an assemblage: a compilation. Collection 
de livret, de tableaux, a collection of books or • 
pictures. 

Collectivembnt, adv. collectively, in a mass 
or body : in a collective sense. 

CoLLioATAiRE, odj. sudi. collcgBtory, one who 
has a leg^y left to him in common with one 
or more persons. 

CoLL&GE, tm. a college, a society of men en- 
joying the same dignity : a place destined to 
classical learning. 

CoLLBGiAL, aty. coUegial, collegiate, pertain- 
ing to a college. 

CollAoiale or ^glise collbgiale, tf. a colle- 
giate church,a church that has ne bishop's see. 

CoLL&ouE, Ml. a colleague, a partner or asso- 
ciate in the same office or employment. 

CoLLER, va, to pa8te,*to glue together, to ag- 
glutinate : (at billiard^ to put a ball cloee 
to the cushion, to give a cloae ball. Je tui* 
colU, I have a close ball. Caller du vtn, to 
clarity wine. JEtre coU6 tur, to pore upon. 

CoLLEB (Se), vr. to stick close to. 

Collebette, tf. a woman's neck-handkerchief : 
a tucker, a frill. 

Collet, sm. a collar, a band : the neck of a 
shirt : a neck of mutton or veal. Prendre or 
saisir quelqu'un au collet, to seise one by the 
collar, to collar a person. 

CoLLETEB, va. to collsr, to take by the throat. 

Colleteb, vn. to set gins, to lay snares. 

CoLLETER (Se), tT. u> seizo one another by the 
tlTroat, to wrestle. 

CoLLEUR, Ml. a paper-hanger. 

Collier, sm. a necklace, a collar, an ouch, a 
carcanet. Ckeval de collier, a draught horse. 
Un homme franc du collier, a man sincere and 
hearty. Donner un coup de eUlier, to make a 
fresh effort to succeed. 

CoLLiGER, tMi. (obt.) to colloct passBges firan a 
book. 

CoLLiNE, sf. a hill, a hillock, a knoll. 

Collision, sf.tk collision, m dashing, a dashing 
together. 

Collocation, sf. collocation, placing, dispo« 
sition. 

CoLLOQUB, Ml. a colloquy, a conference, a 
conversation : a dialogue. 

CoLLoquEB, va, to collocate, to place : (Jur^y 
to rank creditors in proper order. 

CoLLUDER, vn. to colludc, to conspire in a 
fraud. 

Collusion, sf. collusion, a secret agreement for 
a fraudulent purpose. 

CoLLusoiRE, adj, coUusory, oollttsi?e> contain* 
ing collusion. 



COM 

CoiuMiKiiiiirr, adv. eolliuKmly.eoUiitirelj. 
CoLLTBB. m. (p4y.) coUyrium, » topical re- 

Btdj for diaoniers of the ejres. 
CoLONBB, ff. a dove, a pigeon, a wild pigeon. 
CoLOMBiBB, Ml. a oolumbaiy, a doTO-eot, a 
pigeon-heose : Colomburt, pi. (wth printert) 
pigeoo-liolea, gaps. 
CoLOMBiv, a^. (oAf.) coIombine» of ^a doTe- 

eolour. 
CoLOMBiKB, rf", pigeon'B-dong, thednng of any 

kiiid of fewls mod for manure. 
Colon, m. anixuabitantof a Aolony, a planter. 
CoiovBL, Mk a colonel, a chief commander of 

a regiflunt. 
Cou)irEi,LB, sf, the colonel'a oonpanj-, the 

int company of a regiment. 
CoLoviB, tf. a colony, a plantation, a settle* 

Biant in a foreign oonntry. 
CoLoiniB, ff. a colnmn, a pillar : a lupporter, 

a dafender. CoUnntt de Ht, bed-poata. 
CoLopBAXB, sf. colophony, roain, a kind of 
rooawith which a fiddlestick is nibbed. 
, CoLOQviKTE. rf» (a piamt) coloqnintida, the 
caloejradi or bitter apple. 
CoLOBivT, mdf, coloimng, dyeing, staining, 

tOLOBBB, ae. to ooloor, to dye, to paint, to 

■tiin, to tioge, to TBxniah : to gXTO a specions 

■ppenance : to set in a iair light : to cloak, 

to piUiate, to excuse. Tnnt eoler^, a ruddy 

ooBplezion. Vin eoiori, deep rvd-wine. 
CoLOBiBE, M. to giro the colouring, to apply 

rabmrs to a picture vr a design : to yamish. 
CoLOKia, im, the colouring of a picture. Un 

^tn cobris, a fresh and lively complexion. 

Tuimn ittU Ttfummi pour ttm eolorit, Titian 

*ii renowned for hia colouring. 
CoLOBisATioN, <f. (cfcem.) coloration, oolor- 

iMioa, the aereral changes of colour which 

bodiis undergo in the Tariations of nature 

Wirt 
CoLOBitTB, $m, a eoloorist, one who colours, 

* painter who excels in giving the proper 

Cwmrs to h'S designs : a colourman. 
CoLOBflAL, sdf . coloMal, colossean, giant-like, 

**!•> gigantic. 
^LOMK^ai. a colossus, a statue of gigantic sise. 
CoLPotTAOB, jm. the hawker's tnuie, hawking 

tbmt. 
CoipoBTia, VA. to hawk about : (fam.) to 

*piaid about, to publiah. 
CoLroBTBua ns. 1 a hawker, a pedlar, a 
CoLpoiTBusB, «^; J news-hawker. 
CoLn, Ml. a closet, a small room : (mar,) a 

WOhead, a bulkhead. 
CoLOBB, M. («st.) a cdure, each of the two 

■Indiana that intersect each other at right 

iBgles in the poles of the world. 
^Ua or CoLZAT, sm. (a plant) rape, rapeseed. 
^oai, m. (pky.) coma, lethargy, dosing, a 

P**tsniatttral disposition to sWp. 
^JI'^TBvz, adj. comatous, comatose, drowsy, 

"^liag, soporiferous, lethargic, without 

wtonlale^. 
Cobbat, im. a combat, an engagement, a battle, 

*^t: a conflict, a contest: strife, con- 

^t>«: a straggle,. opposition. Combat 

*»«iittw,ad«0U 
85 



COM 

• 

CoVBATTANT, im. a combatsiits a fighting maa 

in an army or a fleet : a champion, a duellist. 

CoMBATTBa, va, to combat, to engage, to en« 
counter, to fight: to resist, to withstsnd, 
to oppose,to contend with, to struggle against. 
It is also used in a neuter sense. 

Combxen, tm, price, value. lU an font tur U 
eomlnan, they are wrangling about the price. 

CoMBxxN, adv. how much, how many: how 
long, how far, to what degree. Ombian da 
foU 7 how many times, how often 1 

CoMBiNAisoN^ jf. combination, union, concur- 
rence : contexture, an assemblage, union of 
particttlan. La eombinaiton det cireanttaneoi, 
the combination of circumstances. 

CoMBrNATxuB,fm. he who combines, acontrirer. 

Combikeb, va, to combine, to loin together, to 
unite, to link closely together. Les arm^at 
comfriWsf , the combined armies. 

Comblb, mi. the top, the summit, the height : 
the roof, the timber-work of a roof: over- 
measure. Adv. esp. Da fond an eombU, from 
top to bottom, utterly. Pcur eombla da m«/- 
hmr, to complete the misfortune. 

Comblb, a4f. quite full, heaped to the top. La 
matura att eombla, the measure is ftill. 

Comblxac, im. (mar.) the cordage of a cannon, 
breeching. 

Comblbb, va. to heap, to heap up, to fill, to 
fill up : to load, to OTcrwhelm with. Cost- 
bUr dejoia, to fill with joy. Combler de 6i«n* 
fttitt, to OTcrload with kindness. 

Com BLETTX, i/. the opening in a stag's foot. 

CoMBRiJkBB, sf. a large fishing net.^ 

Combugeb, va. to soak a cask previously to Its 
being used. 

CoMBtrSTiBiLiTB, rf. combustibility, conibiiB- 
tibleness, the quality of taking fire and 
burning. 

Combustible, adj. combustible, adnstible, 
capable of taking fire. 

Combustion, «f. combnsfion, burning, a con* 
sumption by fire, conflagration: tumult* 
hurry, confusion, bustle. 

CoMBDiE, sf. a comedy, a dramatic representa- 
tion, a play: aplay 'house, a theatre : sport* 
diversion : shamniiing, dissimulation. 

actor, an actress : a hypocrite, a dissembler.. 
Comedians da eampagna, strolling playera. 

Comestible, adj, and f. comestible, eatable. 

CoMiTAiBE or CoMiriQUE, adj. cometary* 
cometic, relating or pertaining to a comet. 

CoMftTE, if. a comet, a biasing star, a heayenly 
bod^ with a tail, moving through iu proper 
orbit like a planet. Comete ehavalue, a haired 
comet. Comeia barbue, a bearded comet. 
Comete d longut quaua, a tailed comet. 

CoMiCEs, $f, pL the oomitia, popular assemblies 
of the BLomans for electiDg officers and pass- 
ing laws. 

CoMiNGB, if, a large bomb or ahell. 

CoMiQUB, adj. snd sm. comic, comical, exciting 
mirth, sportive, diverting, droll, merry, 
jocose, r touts at MoUtre ^taiant dupaetss 
comiquas, Plautus and Moliere were wrilsra 
of comedy. 



COM 

CoKi4VKiaiiT» ikio. oooiieaUj, in » ptouint 
manlier. 

CouiTB, «m. the officer of a gallej. 

Cow itA 9m* a conumttee ; one or more peraone 
t9 whom the eootideratioii of %oy matter is 
committed : tk meeting, a club ; an aaeembl^ 
of j^layeis. . PttU oomi(^, a reunion of inti- 
mate |>enons* Nou$ wujm'ont fn p€lit amiU, 
we anall liare but a few friends at sapper. 
En eomiU, in a committee. 

Com MA , fill. (^.) a comma* « semicolon ; a colon 
(in grammar end priming) : (mm,) the diife- 
renoe between a m^or ind minor semitone. 

CoMMAiiD» am, (jpom») he who gives in order 
to purchase. 

CoMMAKDANT» im, a coBmfoider, the conunand- 

• ingf officer* a captain. Mad. la eommandantt, 
the commander s lady. 

Commands, f^, (com.) what a workman is or- 
dered to do»eramerchant to purchase. Mat' 
idutndun deeammamd$, goods besooken* FSta 
de eommandi, a holiday appointed to be kept, 
Maladie d$ commands, a feigned siAknesa, 

CoMMANDBMBMT.m. commandment, command, 
law, DMcept. order: authority: disporah 
I^ roi itti • dimni U commmidtm/tai de Varmis, 
the king has giren him the command of the 
army. Avoir h ton commandoment, to have at 
one's disposal. 

CoMMAHDsn, «a.to command, to haye the oom- 
ttand of : to bid, to order, to direct, to charge : 
to require : to bespeak : to overlook. Vhon* 
nmr it eomnundo, il t^fit, honour requires it, 
that is enough* ha cttadolU eomsiaii^ai* la 
tilkf the fortreis orerlooked the .city. 

Commander, vn. to command, to rule orer, to 
natter, to gOTem» to reign : to lead, to di- 
rect. CoiiiiiMtni{«r H tot pattionjt, to master 
one's passions. Commander tur nn pojft^ ta 
mle a country. 

CoMMANDERiE, if. a conunandcry or oomman- 
dry, a benefice belonging to a military order. 

CoMMAKOBon, fill, a commander, a knight of a 
military order who poesesses a benefice or 
eommandry. 

CoMMAfioiTAtBEy fiHf (com.) ft partner who 
supplies the capital requisite to carry on 
business, a sleeping partner. 

Commandite, if. (com,) a partnership, one or 
more members ot which supply the requisite 
capital, and the others their talenta and in- 
dnatry, 

CoHMB, cot^» as^ such aSt like, in like manner, 
as if« in some respeeti idmost : whereas, how« 
CoMjnesiiffi, Ou***.) uid also, as also. Conuae 
si, aa if, as. though* Cotomo il ott eoupahU I 
how guilty he is T 

CoMMBMOHATxr, adj, eommemoratiye, tending 
to preserve the reDembrt^noe of. 

CoiUliMORAtSON OrCOMMBMORATlON, ff.COm- 

memoration, the act of honouring the memoxy 
of some person or event : sprayer for the dead. 

CoMMBN^AjiT, fm. a beginner, an inceptor, a 
noTice. 

CoMMENCBicBNT, Ml. commencement, begin- 
ning, rise»Qrigin: prelude, rudiment : anin- 
oeption, a foundation. Av^oommmiommmtado, 
4tp, in ihe beginning, at first, eiat, 
86 



COM 

CoMMBWOBBf wa. to oonmanoe) to keoa» to en- 
ter upon: tofallto, tofallupon. ComNMNCrr 
un procet, to commence an action at law. 
CoMMBvcBR, en. to begin, to take rise or origin, 
to begin to be. Ls eariwu oommonm dmnain, 
Lent begins to-morrow. 

CoMMEMDATAiRB, fill, commendatafy, 0110 who 
holds a living in oommendam. 

Commends, rf. commendam. tint abbayo en 
oommande, an abbey in commendam. 

Commensal, mi. a coaunensal* one Wb6 eats at 
the same tahlo, a messmate. 

CoHMBKsunABiLtTi, ff. (gwciO coBUBmisaim- 
bility, commensurableness, Um capaci^ of 
being measured by anodier or of having the 
same measure. 

CoMMBNsumABLB, adj. coHunensurable, ndnoi- 
ble to a same measnie. 

CoMMBUT, adv. how, in what manner : what, 
wbyl Cominenr i'ftt-ii edrMf^i^tnoif how 
did he come to apply to me 1 

CoMMBNTAiBB,fin. B Commentary, a comment, 
an expoeition, an explanation, anillnstiatidn 
of the difficult pals^gee of an author* Com- 
mmtairmf pi. hiatoncal memoirs. Lts emn- 
nMiitetr«t de Citar, Cesar's commentaiiei. 

CoMMBNTiTBun, fm. a commentator, a com- 
BMoter* an annotaton oa expositor, one who 
conunenta er explains. 

CoMMBHTATBxcB, tf. B female commontafor. 

CoMMBNTBB, vo. to commant, to wxita a oom- 
ment npon» to explatB» to expound. 

CoMMXNTBR^ ini. to nusrepresont, to give a 
wrong construction to : to add to the troths to 
exi^gerate. 

CoMMBR,«N. (obf.) to make comparisona. 

CoMMiuAGB, em. a gossip's iale, an idle goa- 
aiping. 

C0MMBR9ABLB, ml;, negotiable, that maybe ne- 
gotiated or traded with. 

Com M BRYANT, tm. a wholesale dealer, a mer- 
chant. It is also used adjectiv^l^. Unyeu- 
pie eommer^nt, a commercial nation. 

Commercb, fin. commerce, an interchange of 
goods, wares or productions, either betweoto 
nations or individualB: trade, traffio : the bo- 
dy of merchants : intercourse, mutual deal- 
ings, familiar interoourae : eorrespondencA. 
Commerce en grot, a wholesale trade. Crai- 
OMfWf en ditaiU retail, itre en commerce de 
lettret avee, to be in corrospomleBoe, or to cor- 
respond, with, ta ehamhre de ee mm ere e , the 
board of trade. 

CoMMBBcsn, vn. to commeroe, to trade, to cmy 
on trade : to traffic, to hold inmrcovrae with. 

Commbrcial, adj^ commercial, pertaining to 
i commerce or tnde. 

CoMMiRE, if. a godmother, with repaid to the 
god&ther and to the parents of a child to 
whom a female stsnds godmother: .she ia 
called memtiae with regard to tho child it- 
self: a goiatp : an artAu end oleverwoman. 

CoMMBTTjiNT, fsi. (cMi. Bud^ir.) B coostitnent, 
an employer. 

CoMMBTTRB, OB. to commit, to do, to eiFeet etr 
perpetrate : to employ, to appoint, to dale- 
gate : to aaBtgn* to oonatituta : to onttust 
with : to expose, to comproniity to kaanrd* 



COtt 

T^mmttmirm ptu tf'WittAerf, tMt A«K not 

CMMit adiilttff . 
CoNnnTBE (Se), vr. to enoM or rentiire one- 

■•if, CB do MOBo aet which may hind the per* 

MM in heaoor ar tiiceiwt. 
CoMHiMATioN, sf. {juT.) a coflniiiihatioii, a 

ihnat or thnitttdni^. 
C^MMtnATomn, adj, eomiuiiuitoryi tibteateillng, 

dMetMing ^«Mthmeiit. 
CoMMu, tm. a cleik tn a {(iibUe or priVato ofBee : 

• aa^km-hw^ or oitciae-offlco): : a deptit)"; 

• delegate. Cratmu voyagiiiiti ft tnyelling- 

ComiisiaATioit, if. eomttiieratioii, pity, eom- 
piiB(Mi» a ayukjMthetic feeling fdr tho «iBic- 
tiM, ibH«w or diatreas of othi^rs* 

CoaniisiiiaB, m» k eotmniisary, a delogAte, a 
4«p«tj^: a bMitaiaaioner, oilfe to whom is 
MMtled MMhO (sliaiigo, diit^r or office. Com- 
Miifhi de foiiH, a connhiaaaiT of police. 
rwrtiiMiti iEi«t ftatwet, a eomitoiMatT of the 
poor. Csmtmhtmii^ det ttOn^', It fetnnmissArY 
Mwi*. 

Co«tt98Aai AT» ifRi the eoauniflaariat, the feoln- 
■iiatHi1li|i : the off ee or eriiployiaent of i 
miwtfiigaty! tho whole body of officeit in 
the eaabBiiMay'a dopidrtment. 

ComiitsiOK* if. oetenUiibn, an olSee, an em- 
plojflioat i power, aothority : an aisembly 
•ppoiatftd fot a s|M6iAl pnrpoao: bhari^; or- 
der, wandate, warrant, anthority gifen, trttat : 
i MH ot* hrakMge i this illbwaiice made to 4 
fiKtor, btoker or HOumiiiiofa-iiierehant: an 
ttiaad, a ineaM|«: the «et of committing, 
doing oft* pttrpetjfttfng. F^fri U ^i^mmisifoa, 
to & bviUn^ii on eommiasion. J*oi pape 
demtfour eent ie 'edmnris$ioh, IhAro paid two 
per coiit. cottuniBiion. 

C^HMttsiowicATlitv «fti. ft faottor, ftto aeent, (M 
%fao buys or selli foi* abeonnl of bthets : an 
enaod man, a porter, one who doea emiiidB. 

Coniiiaaotfts, ad;.(olanae) an annnlliiig clau^. 

ComiiiaoAs, gf, (otiat.) a commiMrare, an ar- 
tiealation, a atttu^ of the ikaVi. 

€oii«ooAt, aM. (Jur.) ft giatnitons lenditag; 

CenitOBft, wf, ft commode, a chfest, i aet of 



CoxKODB, fti^. Oommodions, obnTenient, adit- 
«ble, hftAdy: aonrieeable, comfortable: tt, 
proper: easy, good'hatni«i t too indttlgent, 
orer-efliriplnaimt. Un meuhU commode, a con- 
vaftiaiit piece of Atrtntore. VU commode, ft 
poaeoftble alld tftaH lifb. ifumeut commode, 
^ ^Ood-ikitnted't0mper. Un mari commode, 
• i aufeftiid ofer-complaiaant towftrds his wife. 

CoMMooiifXNT, odv, commodlously, conire- 
UmAf, tttitably, in a Attmer to aiffbrd ease. 
Vmu fouves/aire cela commodimJtnt, you may 
do it w l tliod t inebnTenience. 

CoHMofttri, tf, comsbodity, ftooommodfttion, 
oomifce Jkw siifem; cbnTentence, adrantage, 
ama: cmivoyande, oppiefrtttAify: cooTenienee, 
prosiiiBy. Lm edmnkadttis, the priry, the 
Vctlo-bodae. d botr^ commodity, adv» exp, 
vliM H Bftits ybft, at yonr leisn^. ** 

Co/wm&mm, if. commoti<m, violeBt agitation : 
tamit of paoplo,diiiititriMmce, disorder: i^- 
tatiflii, disocder of mind, pettabation, Les 
fff 



tbtt 

comaioHMU oolttHiai iCo Id Wr^Ln^^ tlHl JMiUit 
commotions of Fmoce. 

CoMMVASLE, od/. commntftbl^. 

CoMMUM, ea. to commote, tb etohange, tb put 
one tiiidg in the place of aiiother. OuMdMtf 
ttJM p»fiio, to commute a pfldn. 

Com m u n, tm, the genetalHy, the bulk. Le com 
aidji dek homM0i, most peoplo* Un himm du 
ooMnnttij ft tnlgair fello#. 

Common, adj* commcm, vulgir, meto ; piibno» 
general : otdintty, usual. En eomMutt, Mv. 
in common. Le tent ammun, cdmmotl sbftihe* 
Jhtliekut t^mmm, common-place wt>tds; 

CoMMiTMiiL, adj, oommonaUe, bekmging tb a 
ODTporation, or to tiib inhftbitants bf ft plabe* 
hien communal, or pi. let communttut, a cobi- 
moii, ft pasture common tb all tiie iidilMtsiitl 
of one or ieveial viUftges. 

Common Auri, sf. commonalty, a ifeHiiottB or lay 
•ocietyj the members of which lire in com- 
mon : ft company, corporation : (J*^*) ^^* 
munity betwi»eti mto and ^fb. 

CokAoMx, If. (k France) every pttriilli of a 
district : a corporation, the boay bf the iiihft- 
bitants bf a towh, borough or tillage : th^ 
obramob bbhubil, the faouie #her0 cml offi- 
cbMatfsemble; 

CoMii^NEi, if. pi, cOmttbtis,lfad§ bblohgin^ in 
common tb ^e inhilbitaliti of d town Or Hl- 
lage. Lm co^munet, or fti eteMftro dit eifm- 
munet, the English boiise of oondbomi; the 
lower house bfparliaineilt. 

CoMMUN^MkNt, adv, cbmmohly; usttfcHy, gehe- 
rally; ordinaHly, frequently, for tn« ifabsi 
part : eveiry lirbete. tcMm'ui€hMHi JMirfont, 
gone^allylpbakmg. 

CbMMuNiAHtE.jf. r'* €ommuwctot, on* who 

communes At the Lord's tablb; 
CoMMVNicASiMTJk, »f. (UHfe tuiid) cbtthKiiiiba- 

biUty, Oafiability of beinj^ impahed; 
CoMuuNtCA BL£, odj. commuilicable, impilititao, 

that may be Communicated or imparted. 
CoMMUNTCATiF, odj. commuuicatir^; ready to 

impart : sbciable, iiable, lalbitire. 
CoitMONicATTON, sf. commuiiication, the ftct of 

oommbnicating or iihpartin]g[ : an inlet or pftd« 

lilige : correspondence, intiBrebuin3e,coimexibny 

familiarity. 
CoMiitTNtKk, M. tb lidminister tike sacMbhebt 
CoMMUNiER, vn, to communicate, to t^ceire the 

blesked sacrament. 
CbikMuNioN, tf, communion, the ^elebrlitioti of 

the Lord*i sbipper : ttnioi in ft common #br- 

ship: felloltrBhip. 
CoMMtNioufek, va, to ooffamunicate, to patitbi- 

pate, to impart : to inform, to dcquidbl with, 

to tell, tb reveal. 
CoMMUNiQusR, vn, to commttnicate with, to bo 

cotltiguous to : to httte a correspoftdencd or 

intereobrse iHth : to cbminunicate, is bbuses 

or rooms : to converse. 
CbMMv)^TQVSft (3o), ^.tb cotiDAianicate, to b4 

comixmniietitSve : to be sbciAble : {speaking of 

diseatet) to be infebtibus or cdtching. 
CbMMvtATip, ddj. commutative, interchani^e- 

able, mutually done and received. Juttiu 

commuttUive, commutatiTe justice. 



COM 

CouuvTAtiov, jf. Gommiitatioii, e]iaiig«, tlte- 
ration, a passing fiom one state to another. 

CoMFACiTi, «f. . compactness, oompactedneas, 
densitj-, firmness, Moseness of parts. 

Compact, na. a compact, an argnment, snj con- 
tract between indiTiduals, nations or stateft, 
as treaties and confederacies. 

Compacts, «{;. compact (uudfor compacted), 
firmlj and closelj united : finn, close, solid, 
dense. La pierrtf U fir et U boU tont dn 
€orp$ compacts, stone, iron, and wood are 
compactbodies. 

CoMPAOMB, $f. a female companion : a spouse, 

f a wife, a consort : a mate, an attendant. Ft- 
deitfeompogne, a faithful attendant. Compagne 
de vaiueaui, a conrojc. 

CoMPAONiB, «f. company, society, assemUj : 
fellowship, partnership.' La eompagnit det 

. Indu, the East-India companj. Compagnio 
dHiifanterie, a companv of foot. Compagnie 
de canaUriBf a troop of horse. ConmagnU d€ 
perdrix, a cotoj of partridges. Je tui$ en 
anKpagnis, I am engaged. De ecmpagwie, adv, 
in company. 

CoMPAONON, sm. a companion, one who accom- 
panies another either m trarelling, in labour, 
or under anj other circumstance : a partner, 
an associate, a colleague : a fellow, a mate : 

. an equal, a journeyman, in trade. Compac- 
tions d*arm€t, companions in arms, fellow- 
soldiers. 

CoMPAGNONAGE, Ml. companiouship, fellow- 
ship, association, joumeymansbip. 

CoMPABABLB, odj. cooiparable, that may be 
compared, wortby of comparison. 

CoMPABAisoN, tf, comparison, the act of com- 
paring: the state of being compared: compa- 
rative estimate, proportion: resemblance: 
(rh€t») an illustration by similitude. En 
eontparaUon do, prep, in comparison of or to. 
Adv, exp. Par eomparaiton, comparatively. 
Sam comparaiMon, without comparison. 

Com p ABA NT, «{;. and s, one who appears be- 
fore a judge. 

CoMPARATiF, tm.(gr.) the comparatiTe degi«e. 
Au comparatiff in the comparative degree. 

CoMPABATiF, adj. comparative, denoting com- 
parisoo, having the quality of comparing: 
estimated by comparison. 

CoMPABATivEMBMT, odv. Comparatively, by 
comparison. 

CoMPABEB» va. to compare, to examine the 
relations which objects bear to each other : 
to assimilate, to put in competition, to place 
on a footing with. ' Quoi ! vout o$ez vout com' 
par«r ^ lui 7 what ! you dare compare your- 
aelftohimt 

CoMPARoxB, vn, O'ur.) to appear, to make 
one's appearance in a court or justice. 

CoMPARAiTBE, vfi. to appear before a court, to 
come forwaid. 11 a or t( eit eomparu, he has 
appeared. 

C0MPAB8E, sf, entiy of the quadrilles into a 
carousal. Compar$ei, pi, the ballet-dancers. 

CoMPABTiMENT, «m. (oTch.) s compartment, 
sn assemblage of different figures, disposed 
with symmetry, for ornament : a divisioo, a 
separate part. 
88 



COM 

contrary to that of the reporter, givea rise, 

' to a division of opinions. 

CoMPABUTioN, ff. (i»r.) appeaianoe, forth- 
ooming. Un aeto do eomparuHon, an aet of 
appearance. 

CoMPAs, Ml. a compass, compasses, a pair of 
compasses. Coinptu de mor, a compass. 
Compiu de proportion, a sector. CoBtpaf rtn- 
voni, a hanging compass. 

CoMPAssi, part, and a^/. very^ezast : (iron.) 
stiff, fionnal, affected. 

C0MPA88EMENT, Ml. the measuring with com- 
passes (lUtUuudin'thisioum): an affected 
regularity in one*s words or actions. 

C0MPAS8BB, va, to compass, to measure with a 
compass, to take right measures or dimen* 
sions : to arrange with symmetry : to propor- 
tion : to weigh, to examine with attention. 

Compassion, tf, compassion, a painful sympa* 
thy for the miafortones of another: pity, 
commiseration, fellow-feeliog, mercy. 

CompatbbnitA, if. copatemity, the relation of a 
godfather to the person for whom he answers. 

CoMPATiBXLXTi, {('. oomoatibili^, oompatible- 
ness, the power of existing widi something 
else : consistency, suitableness. CampatUri* 
Ut^ de caraeteres, a compatibility of tempers.- 

Compatiblb, 04/* compatible, that may exist 
with : consistent, suitable, not incongruous, 
agreeable. 

CompAtib, on. to compassionate, to have com- 
passion for, to commiserate, to sympathise, 
to pity, to suffer, to tolerate, to bear with : 
to agi^e, te suit, to be 6ompatible with. 

CoMpArisflANT, a^, compassionate, having an 
ioclination to pity, merciful, humane. Un 
regard eompdtiisant, a compassionate eye. 

COMPATBIOTE, Ml. BUd f. B COmpBtriot, B fol- 

low-patriot, a fellow-citisen, one of the same 
country. 

Compendium, mi. {Iqt,) a compendium, a 
general composition or compilation, an abridg- 
ment, an epitome, a summary. 

Compensation, tf. a con^pensation, that which 
is given or received as an equivalent for ser- 
vices, debt, loss or suffering : amends, a re- 
compense, a remuneration, a satisfaction. 

C0HPEN8ER, va, to compensate, to counter- 
balance, to make amends for. 

CoMPBRAOE, Ml. the being a god&ther. 

Compare, mi. a godfather, with respect to the 
godmother and the parenu of a child : a 
blade, a merry companion : an arch-cunnings 
fellow : one who assists a mountebank in 
playing his tricks. 

CoMPBTEMMBNT, udv. Competently, properly, 
sufficiently. 

Competence, sf, Q'«r.) competence or com- 
petency : the right to take cognixance of a 
cause : sufficiency : capacity : competition. 
Cette a^aire n*e$t pat de ma competence, this 
afiair is aboTC my power or capacity. 

Competent, a^f, competent, duly qualified : 
i^asonable, sufficient : suitable, acupted to. 
U estjuge compitenty be is a competent judge. 

CoMPixER, va. (Jar.) to belong, to appertain 
to, to concern. 



COM 

desfoon to obtau what another is soaking : 
•n oppoBflnt, a contendant, a candidato, a 
rinL 

CoMPiLATSva, jm. (061.) a oompilaior, a com- 
piler. 

Compilation, «f. a oompilatioii, a collection of 
paisagea extracted from various authors. 

CoMpiLBK, OB. to compile, to select passages 
of Tarions authors into a book or pamphlet. 
It as also nsed as a neater verb. J^paue ma 
vit a eampUer, I spend my life in compiling. 

Co-PLAi»KA»T.. rf.\ O"'-) • compUuant, • 
plaintiff. It is also adjective. La pariie 
eamplaignanu, the plaintive party. 

Complaints, |f. a complaint ^at law) : a plain* 
tive song. CcmpUinttt, pi. complaints, la- 
mentations, wailing. 

CoMPLAiaz, m. to please, to condescend to, 
to comply with. EUs n§ l*a fait f«e pour 
vpoi eompiairtf she onlj did it to please jon. 

CoMPLAiBK (Se), to tske a delight iit: to be 
sstisiied with oneself. 

CoMPLAisAMMBNT, odv* with complscency, 
with complaiaaiice. 

CoMPLAisAMCB, tf, oomplttssiice, complacency, 
obliging condescension, civility, desire of 
r'irrsing : disposition to oblige. 

Complaisant, m. ? ^^^ who is complaisant to 

Com pla is a nte, s^. > ^ 

others, oat of self-interest : one who fiivours 
love-intrigpe. 

Complaisant, 4ujj» complaisant, civil, oblig- 
ing : anzioiia to please. 

CoMPLANT, jsi. a vineyard, a plantation. 

Compl^bmt, m. complement, completion : 
grammatical regimen. 

Complementairb, adj. eompletory, complet- 
ing. Uma aamme eampUmmitaire, a complete 



CoMpLBT, adf, complete, finished, perfect. It 
is also subaiantive ; as, Ce regiment ett au 
templet, that regimeat has the requisite nun- 
ber of soldiers. 

CoMPLiTBMBKT, fflft. Completion, the complet- 
ing of. Le eomplttement de» hommes d*une 
tempagnie, the complete number of men to 
ibrm a company. 

CoMPLikTBMENT, odv. Completely, in a complete 
■uaner, folly, perfectly, thoroughly, en- 
tirely. 

CoMPLmTXB, va. to complete, to make up : to 
perfect, to inish. Coigpi^ter une eamme, to 
make up a sum. 

CoMPLiTip, adj. (gr.) completive, making 
complete. 

CoMpLBXK, adj. complex, complexed, com- 
posed of two or more parts. Une id£e, une 
prepuitiam eompUxe, a complex idea or pro- 
position. 

Complexion, rf, complexion, constitution, the 
aatuial disposition of the body. Compiexum 
hems, atoMvaiae, forte, faible, delicate, jfi good, 
hod, robust, weak, delicate constitution: 
tsmfier, di^Msition, humour : whim, fancy. 

CoMPLEjaoNNi, adj. constituted, fiieti or mat 
89 



COM 

eompli%ionni, having a good or bad eoniti- 
tation. 

Complication, <f. a complication, a combina- 
tion of circumatsnces so connected as to 
make it difficult to discriminate their rela- 
tions to each othe^. 

CoMPLicx, sm, a complice, one who is united 
with anpther in a wicked design or action,^ 
an accomplice. (The latter is now used.) 

CoMPLiciTa, jf. the being a oomplice or ac- 
complice. 

Complies, tf. pL compline or complin, so called 
because it is the last part of the service of 
the day. 

Compliment, mi. a compliment, an expression 
of civility. Sane eomplimentt or treve da 
eompliment$, without ceremony. Faitee met 
eompliment$ ehe% voui , remember me to every 
one at home. Je vout en fait man eompUmentf 
I wish you joy. Un faiteur de eomplimentt, 
a complimenter* a fUtterer. 

Complimentairb, «m. (oAf.) (emu.) compli- 
mentary : he in whose nsme sll kinds of mer- 
cantile operations are transacted. 

Com PLiM ENTER, ve. to compliment, to welcome, 
to cong^tnlate, to wish one joy : to greet. 

CoMPLiMENTEE, VII. to psss complimcnts, to 
use ceremony. 

COMPLIMBNTEUR, im. \ „ ^^^M^^4^m *.«^ 

CoMPLiMENTEUiL,?^'. / * complimentor, one 
fond of compliments, aiatterer. 

CoMPLiQUER, tw. to complicatc, to involve, to 
entangle, to embroil. Maladie, affaire eompli" 
qiUe, a complicated disease or affair. 

Com PLOT, tm. a fomplot; a plot, a conspiracy, 
a confederacy in some evil design. 

CoMPLOTER, tui. to complot, to plot togcthor, 
to join in an evil design, to scheme, to com- 
bine, to conspire against. Completer la mine, 
la perte de quelqu^un, to plot the ruin, the 
destruction of another. 

CoMPONCTiON, tf. compunction, poignant grief 
or remorse proceeding from the regret of 
having offended God. Sentiment de eompone- 
tion, a feeling of compunction. 

CoMPORTEMENT, tm. {iAt.) comportmcnt, com* 
port, deportment, behaviour, demeanour. 

Com PORTER, va. and n. to suffer, to allow, to 
admit of, to tolerate, Vutage le comporte^ 
use tolerates it. ^ 

Comforter (Se), vr. to act, to behave, to 
demean oneself. Se eomporter bien, to behave 
well. Se eomporter mal, to misbehave. 

CoMPosi, tm. a compound, the result of com- 
position. 

Composer, va. to compose, to form a compound 
by uniting several parts : to constitute or 
form : to write, to compose : to create, to 
invent : (with printert) to compose, to set 
types, fnnn copy, and form words, lines, and 
pages. Compoter ton air, ta mine, to put 
on a certain countenance. 

Composer, vn. to capitulate, to compound : to 
come to terms of agreement, to agree. 

Composer (Se), vr. to be composed, to fashion 
one's look : to consist of. 

C0MPO8BUR, 5m. a paltry writer, a scribbler. 

CoMPOsiTBVRt Ml. a composer, an author, a 



co« 

writet: (with fxinten) ft cctepotitDr, one 
who seti tjpes, and nakw up the pftgw. 

CoM^o8iTB» a4/* (Avd^>) cbmpoeito, an order 
eompesed ovt of the Tneoan and Doric. 
L*ordrt emupotiUf the Composite otder. 

Composition, sf, compoeitiOtt» the art of eoin- 
podog, maldng np, framing or inrentiog : 
|he work that reealts from it : a written or 
printed work» a writing: agreement, eom- 
pact, oOQ^Mwore, aoconutaodation.: amnai* 
cal piece : the arraogement of figof^ eon- 
aeoted in a pietnit. 

CoMPosTSURi nu (wiih prbiten) a oompos- 
ing-8tick, an instrument in wbich tyfkea 
are set. 

Compote, if. stewed firmits or fowls. Dm iftus 
<n compote, e^es hlaok and hltte. Dm canardi 
on eoKHpou, stewed dncks. 

CoMPOTiaa, till, a stew-di(Ui: a Tsssel for 
BteWed ftiiit. 

CoMPBiHBNsiBLE, sA*. eompreheosiMe, capable 
of being Understood, intelligible, c^neei table 
by the mind. 

CoMPRBHENftioit, tf, comprehension', the capa- 
city of the mind to nndeiataiid : ktiotrledge, 
the capacity of knowing. 

CoMPSBNOBk, «9. to comprehend, to comprise, 
to contain, to include: to nnderstand, to 
conceire, to apprehehd. 

CoMPBBssB, $f, (cfctr.) a compress, a bclster 
of soft linen-doth to oeHr a dressing. 

Cott^RCiMBttitAt if, ebmpressibility, com- 
presslblonese, the quality Of being compres- 
sible. 

CoMPBBSSinLB, 6dmpresiible» capable of beih^ 
compressed; 

CoMpaBSsir, a^, (ehir.) ccmpressi?e, hftTitog 
power to compress. 

Compression, sf\ compression, compressnre, 
pressing, preseurOb 

Com primer, oa. to compress, to drive into a 
narrower compass : to sqneezo, to press, to 
repress, to put down. Comprhnor l*air, to 
compress air. OfmpritMr un parti, uno J^- 
tioH, to repress t piirty, a fiction. 

Com PR IS, adjf. understood, included. Y eotn' 
prft, adv, including, with, togethor wirh. 

ComprombttRb, va, to compromit, to expose, 
to bring into question : to pledge or engage. 
Compromettre son honneur, ta 'dign\ti, la for» 
tunot to coa&promit one'ft honour, dignity, or 
fortune. 

CoMPROMBTTRB, tm. to compTomise, to put to 
arbitration : to agree, to accord. 

Com PROM BTTns (Se), vr. to expose Oneself, to 
expnee one'ii digtaity, fcrtttHO, authority, and 
the Hke. 

CoMpROMis, tm, e compromise, a mutual pro- 
mise or contrsct : an adjustment, a mutual 
agreement. 

CoMPROMiSBAiBR, tm, sn arbitrition, an urn* 
pire, a referee. 

CoMpRoTiitciAL, adf. comproTinciah of the 
same province. 

CoMPTABfcLiTi, ^. icconntableness, the being 
accountable, responsibility: the account- 

ofice. 
CoHPtABLft, aiffk k ji.lieceuBttble,tesponeible. 
90 



COM 



CoMPTANT, tm. ready 



oieh. ToiU^ 



OMPTANT, tm. readf vfHUBft Ottb. 

tout man comptant, this is all my cash. 
CoMPTAKt, ddj, ArgORt oomptont, or cdnfers 

eomptantti ready motley, Cash, epecie. 
CoMPTANT, adv. Payor comptant, to pay illMsh 

or ready mbney-b 
CoMPTB, mi. an account, a reckoning, a ico^, 

a computation: a certain numben Ad9^ 

exp, A oompto, on account: A hon t&mpUt 

cheap : Au honX d% »mpto, ih tee^ Rfter all. 
CoMpttn, CO. to oettnt, to reekoh, to tbll, to 

pty: to computo, to iuppute^ to felculato* 

to sum up : to Tslue, to eatimate, to reckon 

at, to consider as : to purpose, to belicTCi 

to thiiik. It eomptt poUr rtta Is neputatum; 

he reckons reputation fbr nothing. Jo odinpto 

partir domain , I purpose setting blF to-tekOftow, 
Comptbr, ve. to hMrkoii, to reckon as one, td 

number: to settle ta aecottnt, to depend or 

rely upon. Tout let fird^ eOnpt^t, all Ex- 
penses ite reciotied. Vout pouMt eiHiipter 

tur mei, you may rely Upon me. 
CoMPToiR, ita. R couhtor, t coali1lilg-ftolise> a 

factory. 
CoMPULSBR, va, (jur,) to compeli tO d^lfge. 

CompuUor un mrt, «ii r€giitr§, to ttta dvei' ■ 

book or a register. 
CoHlpuLsekRR, ^m. (iter.) a ccteplllior, a wAN 

rant. 
Com PUT, tm, (dkron.) a eomputatioR^ R d^u* 

lation of time with regtrd to th^ calendar. 
CoMPUTisTE, tm^ R computist, a balcdlator, RH 

Rccountaiit. 
CoMTAT, tm, a county. It is used Ollly ilk Com" 

tat Fmotsitn, formeHy a state ih ATlgdeik. 
CoMTB, tm, an earl, a coimt, the tkit^ titlb of 

nobility, both in FrRnce ted England. 
C0Mt6, An. a county, eh earldom> a Ahire. 
Comtessb, sf, a counteu, the lady of iA eiurl 

or count. 
Concassbr, va. to broise, to poRiid. P<M^ 

cimeatt^, bruised pepper. 
CoNCATfiwATiott, ff. concRteliRticn, s serics o^ 

links, an uninterru]>ted feucct* ssion. 
Conc a tb, tm, a hollow canity. Lt eonetvi d*tm 

globe, the cavity of a globe. 
COKcAvk, adj. c6DCR^e, lioUoW, Oppoied til 

eonyet. 
CoNCAviTi, tf, eoncRTity, cencavenese, bol- 

lowness. 
CottciDER, i*a. to coMeede, to grent, to Ulbir 

righte or priTlleges. ^ 

Concentration, tf', concentration, the Ret of 

cOttcentrcting : the stAie Of being brought to 

a point. 
Concentrxr, va, to concentre, to ^oUbCtttrete. 

to draw or direct to a common Centke, to brin| 

to a point : to conceal, to repress. CMlCtn- 

frtr ta coUre, ton trSteMs, to repreis amh^k 

anger or confukioh. 
COttcRNTRER (Sb), er. to retire withiii oneiAlf, 

to become thoughtful. 
CoNCBNTRiQUB, a4;. concentHOi htting a eom^ 

moll ceiitre. 
CoNCBt>T, tm, a concepdOR, aiingle idee. 
CoMCBPTiP, ad). conceptiTO, cRpable of concelT- 

ing. FaeultS eonceptivi, R conceptif^ pewer. 
CoNcti»TtON, sf. conception,^ Rctof cimobtri 



CON 

mi^ thifliit fon»stioii of Um fiitns of «i aid- 
mal: the power of conceiTing iaei^y approben- 
non, eomprohonnoiit intellect : thought, mO- 
tioa : the conoeptioQ of the Virgin Mary. 

Copcaaii ANT»f»r«p.concenu^g, tbout, reUtiiigto. 

CoKccs HSR, iMi, to oo|icem, to relate or belong to . 

CoycsaT.sm. a concert: a concert-room: union, 
good widerytandii^. Concert $pirituel, an 

. oratorio. X>0 eenffrt. a42o. in concert, jointly. 

CoKcEBTAXT, tm, \ ooo who plajB hia or her 

CoiicaBTaMn^^. j part in a concert. 

CovcbstA, a4^'. eoncorted, agreed uponi it- 
Acted, GOinposedp 

CoNcaaTER, va. and n. to prepare for a concert 

by Tvhoaning various piecas of music : to 

ooncort* to contrive, to deliberate upon : to 

settle, to adjust. Conoerter «n plan d^ap^a-^ 

, tiom^ to concert a pUn of operations, 

CoMCKRTzs (So), vr. to consult, to deliberate. 
Lmg^mirmus 9$ coneerter^t avant d^otto^uer 
V0nnam» the ganerals held a council before 
they attacked the enemy. 

Covca&To. «ai. {ItnL) a concerto, a piece Of 
mnaic for a coocert. 

CoiictaaiOir» ff. aoonceision, a grant : the thing 
grastod, 

C0MCBSS10NV4XRS, tm, a grantee, the person to 
whon a gi^t la made. 

Co)fCBTTi, «m. pi. (ItoZ,) witty conceits, fiOse 
wit. 

CoiiaiTAai.B, ft4i» ooaceiTable, that may be 
Imaginod or thought, imagioable, appifehensi- 
bbl» rompnbenaible . 

CovcRYoiB* as. to conceiva* to rec«iTe into the 
womb and broed : to fonn in the mind : to 
imifltiM, to devise : to understand, to com- 
prehend. 

CoNCBtQia«.««. to con^ve, to become preg- 
nant, to breed : to tbinlc, to imagine : 4o un- 
donUdsd, to comprabeod. 

CoKcaa, 9f^ a brine-pond, a garb. 

CowcBiTE, {f'.a fossil or petrified shell. 

CoKCBOiDX, sf. igtom.) conchoid, the ikame of 
a curve. 

CoHcayx.B, fsi. (not. Mit.) oonchylia, a petri- 
fied aheU. 

COKCB Y L10L0G2B, rf, (flat, ftfit.) COnchvllolOgT, 

^omikoiQgf, the science ofshells and shellTfisb* 
CoHcisRoa, tm. tUe keeper of a castle or palac6, 

a door-ka^r. Concierge do priton, a jailer, 
. atamkey. 
CoaciEBOSBiB, ff. the keeper's lodgings in a 

GMtle, ^palace, or jail: a prison in Paris. 
Comcii.b» mi« a oounoil, an asaembly of prelates 

eeovened for regulating matters of doctrine or 

^aeiplino: their iiacrees. 
CevciLiAaLB, odj. that may be conciliated, re- 

ooneilabls. 
CovcitaaaVLB, sm. a conciliable, a secret as- 
. BsmUy or esbal, a meetwg for plota> 
CovmuaiT, ii4r'«iK»Miliating, winning, engag- 
ing, leooociling* Ijprit eoneHiant, a conci- 

UraBgmind. 
CoBcii.iATBCB,«.. 1 ^ e<iiciUator, a raconctter. 

COyCILIATRICB, tf. J 

Cmoiuatiob, sjf*. oonoiliation, the act of gain- 
, tegorxBooDci&iig, raconcileBien't. 
C«BatfB», aa» to QonciliaiOf to racOBoilo» to 
91 



CON 

brin|f tomthor pacsons at vtriance» or 
seemingly opposite. Coneilutr Ut pariiett to 
conciliate the contending parties. 
CosiciLisR (Se), vr. to reconcile, to get, to 
gain, to win. Ctt gent ne powrront te eonciUer, 
those people will never be reconciled to each 
other. 
CoNcis, odj. concise, short, brief. 
Concision, ^'. conciseness, brevity (in ^peak- 
ing, or wnting). 
CoNciTOYEN, tm, \ a feUovr-citiaen, a dtiaen 
CoNciTOYBNNBi tf, j , of tbo SBBie oouBtry or 

town. 
CoNpLAM ATioN , tf. cooclamatlon, a general out- 
cry, a shout of many together. 
Conclave, tm. a conclave, the assembly of thb 
cardinals : the room in which they meet ih 
privacy for the election of a pope% 
CoNCLAviSTB, fjB. an attendant on a cardinal 

during a conclave. 
CoNCLUANT, adj. conclusive, eooTincing. Ar* 

gawtent eonciuoni, a coi'Clnsive argument. 
CoNCLURB, va. to conclude, to finish, to close, 
to end: to deoide, to resolve upon, to infer 
from, aa a consequence. 
C0NCLU8XF, adj, conclosive, decisive. Con* 
joneHon eonelutivot a coucluaire conjunction, 
such as cmr done, 
CovcLvsioN, <f'. conclusion, the close, the end, 
the last part : detennination, final doeiaion : 
conaequenoe, infbrence. ConciusUnu, pL (at 
hfp) dei&andis, pretensions. 
CoNcocTioH. ff*. (phy,^ ooncoction» digestion. 
CoNcoMaqa, tm, a cucumber. Concombre taw 

vage (a plant) the wild cucumber. 
CoNcomTAMclt, ff'. eoncomitance, coneomitan- 
cy. Par eoncomitance , adv, exp. coneomitantly, 
in concomitance with. 
Concomitant, ae^, concomitant, eoncordant or 

concurrent with. 
CoNcoanANCB, ef. concoidanoe, ooneerdanoy, 

concord, agreement. 
Concoroant, em» (obc.) (mut.) ienmor teoiira. 
Concordat, <ni, (ta the eanon law) a concor- 
dat, ap ag ree m ent or oovenant relating par- 
ticularly to ecclesiastical matters, a compact 
or convention between a sovereign and the 
Pope. 
CoNco B OB, ff. cbncord, peace, harmony : union, 

good understanding. 
CoNcoRDER, vn. to RCcord, to agree. 
CoNcovBiR, vn, to concur, to co-opeiate, to aot 
, jointly : to stand in competition, to put in for. 
CoNcouRS, tm, a ooncourso (of people) : ooo» 
ourrence, concumncy, the joint action of vit- 
,rious persons or things towards ittaining the 
same end : co-operation : {geom.) union, co- 
ppeiation : a meeting, the junction of two 
bodies. 
CoNCRBT, a^, concrete^ united in growth: 

(log.) not abstract. 
Concrbtion, tf, concretion, concreteQess, h 

state of being concrete : coagulation* 
Concubinaob, fftn. eoneubinsge, an illicit in^ 
tercourte betfreen an onmairied man and 
woman. 
Concobimaxrb, sm, (^jur,) one who keeps a 
CMMubine* 



CON 

CoNcuBtiTB, if. k coneDlMiM, « wtaun wbo po- 
babits with a mwi without the aathcnritj' of a 
legal marriage, a kept-mistress. 

CoNcupMCENCB, tf. coocupiscenoe, lust, an ir- 
regular desire of sexual pleasure, inclination 
for unlawful enjo^rments. 

CoNcurisciBLE, adj» concupiscible, impelling 
to the enjoyment of pleasure. Appetit eoneu' 
pucibU, a concupiscible appetite. 

CoMcuaaaMMBNT, adv, (Jur.) ooncurrently, 
jointly, in competition with. 

CoNCVRRBNCB, if, concurronce, a meeting, as 
of claims or power, competition. Jutqu^d 
eoneurrence, or Jutqu'it ia cancurrtmce de, to 
the amount of, up to a certain sum. 

CONCXIRRBNT, Sm, \ ..^ . , 

CONCO.BB-MT.. f.f* •»"»?•»««<"•. • "^' 

Concussion, tf. exaction,, extortion, pecula- 
tion, an embeaslement of the public monej. 

CoNcussioNNAiRB, «M. RU extortioOBr, an ex- 
actor, a peculator. 

CoNDAMNABLE, odj. condemnable, blamable, 
culpable, guiltj. 

Con DAM NATION, tf. condemnation, the act of 
- condemning : the state of being condemned : 
doom : disapprobation. 

CoNDAMNBR, vo. to^udcmn, to find guilty : to 
pronounce utterly wrong : to sentence to pu- 
nishment: to blame, to disapprove, to censure. 
Candamner une porU, urufenStrt, to stop up a 
door or a window, to nail it up. 

CoNDSNSABiLixi, tf. (iiat. ofci.) condensability, 
the quality of being conaensable. 

CoNDENSABLB, odj, condensablo, susceptible of 
being condensed. 

CoNDBNSATBVR, jm« B condenset : he or that 
which condenses. 

Condensation, f/'. condensation, the act of 
making more dense or compact : the state of 
being condf used. 

Condenser, m. to condense, to make more 
thick, close, or compact. 

Condenser (Se), vr. to become close or more 
compact : to grow thick. 

CoNDBscBNDAKCE, tf. Condescendence, conde- 
scension, voluntary descent from rank, dig- 
nity, or just claims: complaisance, deference, 
compliance. 

CoKDxscBNDANT, odf. condpscendiug, conde- 
scensire, not haughty : complaisant, comply- 
ing with. 

CoMDEscBNDRB, vn. to coudescend, to submit, or 
yield as to an inferior : to comply, to bear with. 

CoNDicnON, tf, (jur.) a trover. 

CoNDiONE, adj. {div.) condign, deserved, me- 
rited. SatUfaetion condigno, a satisfaction 
equal to the fault. 

CoNoxoNBMEMT, odv, (dto.) coudiguly, de- 
servedly. 

CoNDiQ Nixi, tf, (div,') condignity , oondignness, 
merit, desert. 

CoNDibciPLB, tm, a school -fellow, a fellow- 
disciple. 

Condition, tf. condition or quality of a thing : 
attribute, accident, property:' state, rank, 
character : place, service : article or clause 
in a treaty, stipulation. A coRdition, or 
noui condition que, com, on condition that* 
92 ^ 



CON 

CoHDinoNiii, aJlj, (com.) aaiketabto, in good 
condition. 

CoNDiTiONNSL, odJ, conditioniU. 

CoNDiTioNHBLLBMENT, Conditionally. 

CoMDiTioNNER, Q'«r.) fo inscrt conditions or 
clanses: {com.) to paok or place in good 
order. 

CoNDOLiANCB, tf, coudoleuce, condolement, 
pain of mind or grief excited by the distress 
or misfortune of another. 

Condor, fm. (a tpedet ofvuUurt) the condor. 

CoMDOULoiR (Se), vr. {onl^f utod in iht infini' 
tivt) to condole, to grieve at the distress or 
misfortunes of another. 

CoNDucTxuR,fm. a conductor, a guide, a leader, 
a chief, a commander : a manager, a director: 
tt>e guard of a stage-coach in France. 

CoNDvcTRicE, tf. R conductress, a directress. 

CoNDviRB, va. to conduct, to lead, to bring 
along : to guide, to direct, to oommsnd, to 
manage, to govern, to superintend : to at- 
tend, to accompany, to escort. 

CoNDuxRB (Se), vr, tafind one's way : to con« 
duct oneself, to behave. 

Conduit, mi. a conduit, a canal or pipe for the 

. conveyance of water, or any other fluid. 

Conduxtb, tf. conduct, behaviour, care* ma- 
nagement, superintendence, direction : the 
heading of an army, Une conduiu d*oau,-M, 
row of water-pipes. 

Condyle, tm, {anat,) a condyle, a protuberance 
on the end of a bone. 

C6ne, fm. (g«0m.) a cone, a pyramid with circu- 
lar base, and terminated in a point or vertex. 

CoNPABULATEUR, MR. (obs.) R tale-toller. 

Conpabulation, tf, (o6s.) con&bulation, fa- 
miliar talk. 

CoNPABULER, va. (oAs*) to confabolate, to 
prattle, to chat. 

CoNPECTiOK, tf, confection, a soft electuary : 
completion, accompli»hment. Jutqu'a par" 
faite tt ontQrt confection, until completely 
finished, 

CoNrECTioNNSB, va, (a new word) to make, to 
manufacture, to finish, to accomplish. 

CoNFBDiRATioN, tf.z Confederation, a confe- 
deracy, an alliaoce, a league. 

CoNPEoiRER (Se), vr. to confederate, to league, 
to unite in a league. 

CoNPEOBRi, tm. a confederate, an ally. 

Conference, tf. conference, examination of 
things by comparison. La conference det or- 
donnancet, the comparison of ordiosnces : a 
meeting for consultation, discussion, or in- 
struction. Conftrenee det minittret, a con- 
ference of minister*, a discoursing of two or 
more upon some particular subject, lit ont 
eu une tongue conference, they have had a long 
conference : an ecclesiastical instruction. 

Con ria en CI ER,tm. the chairman at a conference. 

CoKpiRBR, va. to compare, to examine by com« 

parison : to grant, to bestow, to give* 
CoNFiRER, vn. to discourse, to converse, to 
consult together, to hold a conference, to 
parley. 
CoNFXssE, tf. (never admitt of an article) con- 
fession. Alter a corvette, to go to confession. 
CoKFEssBR, va* to €0iife8s, toown, to avow, to 



CON 

■dDOuMge : to betr or vseeire the eonfet* 
■ioB of tnoUier. Ln prStrt confine Ui ft<t- 
gieiuts, the pri«tt coofeflses the nuns. 

CoNFisssR (Se), vr. to confeu one*B sine to a 
priest. 

Co?(rBssEvn, lai. a eonfessor, a prieet who hears 
the coofessions of others, and has the power 
of {framing them aheolntion. 

CoKrKssioN, if. confession, the aclcnowledge- 
Bient of a fiuut or a crime : an avowal : the 
act of disclosing one*s sins to a priest : a 
fbnaalaiy in which ^e articles of fidth are 
conmrised, as. La eonfiuion d*AugiboHrg, the 
cooieesioii of Augsburg. 

CovrsssioiTAL^m. aconfeasional, the seat where 
a priest sits to hear confiossions. 

CowriAKCB, tf. confidence, a trusting or lelianoe 

* in the reraeitj of another or in the reality of 
a &ct : trust, security : hope, dependence, 
recumbenoe : assurance, boloness : presuoip- 
tion, self-conceit. 

CovnAVT, «(/. unsuspioions : sanguine, pre- 
•nmptuous, self-oonoeited. 

CoirpiDEMMBHT, odv. coutfdentlT, in confidence. 

CoHriDENCK, rf. trusting or being trusted with 
a secret : trust, privity, intimacy. En eon- 

' fidtmeo, mdo. in secreL 

CoirnDEVT, fM. confidant or confident, one 
tnMted with the inmost secrets. Lo eonfidtnt 
iu frineo, the prince's fsToorite. 

CovFiDxirriBL, odL confidential, spoken or 
written in eonfidence. Lettro cot^identUUOf 
a confidential letter. 

C01CPIDKNTIEL1.XMENT, adv. confidentially, in 
confidence, in reliance or secresy. 

CoKFtBa, OS. to intrust, to commit to the charge 
of, with afelianoe on the fidelity, the discre- 
tion, and the good management of the person 
intrusted. Confior ten tocrot h «n ami, to con- 
fide a secret to a friend. 

CoKFiBB (Se), vr. to confide or trust in or to, 
to rely or depend upon, to repose one's con- 
fidence in. 

CoTriou nATioir,sfxonfiguration,extefnal form, 
figure, or shape. La eoi^gwratum do la torre, 
the shape of the earth. 

CoxpiovRBR, ttt. (oAf.) to configui^, to dis- 
pose in a certain form, figure, or shape. 

CosrivBB, vs. to confine, to shut up, to im- 
prison : to banish to a certain spot. 

CoRPivBB, vfi. (followed by avie or k) to bor- 
der on, to touch the limits of, to be adjacent 
or contiguous to. L'AngUterrt confiM avoe 
or i, VAcouOt England confines on Scotland. 

CovFiim ^Se), vr. to shut oneself up, to with- 
draw entirely, to retreat. 

CovriKs, fM. pL {chi^y appUod to eoHntria, e«r- 
riiorm, eitm, rivers, mtd the likei) the con- 
fines, tiie boundaries,^ the limits. Let eon- 
fau do Id France, the confines of France. 

CovriaE, us. to oonfect {inutiU) to comfit, 
to preserve dry with sugar, to preserve, to 
pickle. Fmite eonfiU a Veau'de~vie, fruits 
preaerred in brandy. 

CosnuMATiv, adj, confirmatory, that serves to 
confint. JugemmU conjirmatif, aconfirma- 
tny sentence. 

CoimniiATioy,|f,coiilimatioB|that which cob* 



CON 

firms, thatwbich gives new strength 4n- assur- 
ance : additio)ial evidence, proof, convincing 
testimony : the act of ratifying : the admission 
of baptised persons to the enjoyment of 
Ckristisn privileges. La confirmation d*une 
nouvelte, the confirmation of a piece of news. 
La confirmation d*un traits, the confirmation 
ratification or ssnction of a treaty. 

CoNpiRMER (Se), to gro# stronger, to be 
confirmed, to be beyond do ubt. 

Confiscable, adj. conBscabl e, forfeitable. 

CoNPiscANT, adj (Jur.) lia ble to forfeiture. 

Confiscation, tf. confiscation, forfeiture. 

Con fiber IB, tj\ {obi.) confectionary^ 

CoNFisBUR, tm. a confectioner. 

CoNFisQUBR, va. tocoufiscate, to seise upon. 

CoNFiTEOR, tm. {lat.) a prayer among Catho- 
lics. 

Confitures, tf, preserves, sweetmeats. 

CONPITDEIBR, im. 1 ^ - ^ 

COMPITUBli.i. ./.) • «>»«»<'««•»•»• 

Conflagration, tf. a oonflagrationy a general 
fire. 

Con FLIT, tm. a conflict, a contention, a contest, 
a strife^, a skirmish, a combat. 

Confluent, tm. confluence, conflux, the junc- 
tion oT two rivers. 

CoNFONDBB, VS. to coufound, to blend, to min- 
gle or huddle together ; to mistake one thing 
for another: to perplex, to pussle, to put 
out of counienanoe : to astonish, to stupify : 
to destroy, to overthrow. 

CoNFONDRx (Se), vr. to mix, to re-unite : to 
be confused, perplexed or disconcertt d. 

Conform ATiON, tf. conformation. 

Conforms, a^^j. conformable, agreeable, suit- 
able, consistent. 

CoNFORMiMENT, sdtL cottformsbly, agreeably, 
suitably. 

CoNFORMER , VS. to couform, to suit. 1^11 enfant 
bien or mal confonni, a child well or Mdly 
formed. 

Conform BE (Se), vr« to conform, to submit, to 
comply with. 

Conformists, mi. a conformist, a member of 
the Church of England. Non^eouformitte, a 
dissenter. 

Conformitb, tf. conformity: similitude, re- 
semblance : consistency. £n eonformit^t adv» 
conformably. 

CoNFORT, tm. (oAt.) oomfort, aid, relief. 

CoNFORTATiF, «(;'. comfortiug, strengthening. 

CoKFORTATioN, tf, coufortstion, corroboration. 

CoNFORTER, vo. to comfort, to strengthen, to 
invigorate: to enliven, to console, to en- 
courage. 

Confraternity, |f. confraternity, brotherhood. 

Confrere, tm. a brother, a feliow-member, a 
colleague. 

CoNFtf 4rie, tf. a confraternity, a brotherhood. 

Confrontation, tf. confrontation (of wit- 
nesses) : collation (of writings). 

Confronter, va, to confront, to compare, to 
collate. 

CoNFus, adj. confised, perplexed. 

CoNFusiMENT, i^dv. coufrtsedly, indistinctly, 
not olearly. 

CoNFUsioNi tf, con(tt«iQn, confuaednees, a con* 



OON 

4iiM atlxtww :, modW^r : disorder, dittub- 
•O09 : attonishment, ftliMiiei bluBhing. 

CovruTATiOK, sf, (oAf.) eonlaUition. 

CoNFVTBB, M.- to ooafate, ttf reftita, to dttprore. 

CoNoi, im. leftFO, pormiMion, larowell : a dit- 
cJiwgo, t warDiiif to quit : t holiday, a play- 
diy* Prcttdrf em^, to take leave. Jhmntr 
eongi, to send away, to give warning. 

GoHoioian, m. to send or turn awaj, to die* 
card, to diioharge, to dismiea. Omgidur 
dcf ^roHpff , to diaband eoldiera. 

CoNoAi'^noN, {fl congelation, oongealing, oon- 
gealment. 

CoMoiLxa, mu to freeae, to eongeal. 

CoNOBLER (Se>, vr. to eongeal, to get froien. 

CoNoiminE, mdj, (fo«.) oengenial. 

CoMOBftTiov, ff* (piy*)* eongeatiop, aipitliezing. 

CoNOLOBATioN, {f. (rh6t,) coDglobation, aocu- 
mulatio^eCpiDoA. 

CoMOLOBBR, va. (atwt.) to conglobate, to con- 
globe, to gather into a round maae. 

ConoLQiiinaa, o^'. to.conglpmetafe, to gather 
into a ball. 

Ce«oi>VTiif ATfOH, {f. (^arO eonglutinatian, re- 
union, healing. 

CoyoLUTiNBn, vs. (f^.) to conglntinate, to 
glue, cement, to re-unite. 

CoHoaATULAfiov, f^ oungratolation, feUeita- 
ftion. 

GononATVLsn* oa* to ooogratiilate, to grata- 
late, to viah eoe joy. 

CoNOBE, tm, (a tea-fiih) a eonger, the eea-eel. 

CoNoaioAnisTs, •»« a member of a leUgioua 
society. 

CoNoaioATiOK, ff. a congregation, a retigioua 
■oeiety, a meeting. La eongrigtoion dcf 
fidilu, the universal church. 

Covonfts, tm. a coogreas. 

CoNOBU, a^, congruous, sufficient: suitable 
to, consistent with : rational, €t. 

CovoauEUT, aJ^> congment, agreeing, cone- 
spondent. 

CoNonoiri,^. oongniity, auitablenees, fitness, 
pertinence. 

CoNOR^MEVT, adv. congruously, suitably, con- 

CovipftRB, mjf . coniferous (is said of treee, the 

fruit of Whi^ is of a ooiiic figure). 
CowiofUB, a4f« conical, conic, baying the fonn 

of a cone. 
CoNjBCTCBAL, a4^. conjecturai, depending on 

coBJeotnre. 
CoNjftcTUBALaMBirT, adv* by conjecture, by 

gueea. 
CoKjECTURB, flf» a conjecture, a guess : an idea, 

a notion. 
CoNjBCTuaBR, va, to eonjectnre, to guess, to 

judge by guess. . 
CoMjKCTURBUR, Ml. (o&t.) Ik conjoctuTer, a 

cODJecter. 
CoNJoiNDRB, va. to conjoiu, to unite, to asso- 
ciate, to connect. 
CoKjoiNT, adj, conjoint, joined together, 

united. 
Conjointbmeut, adv. conjointly, in union, 

together. 
CoNJONCTir, adj, (gr.) conjnnctiTe, oonncetiBg 

together, at i coiiHuactioat 
94 



COM 

CoNIONcn^if, |f» oonjunotipa, nnieii:. (gr.) a 

conjuiietion. 
CoNjoNCTiVB, tf. (fffuii.) a conjunctive. 
CoifjONCTURBt if. coiyuncture : combination: 

time, occurrence, 
pov^ouia (8e), avec, vr. («&•.) to congratulate. 
CoHJuoAisotf, {f. (^.) a conjugation. 
Conjugal, a^, conjugal, connubial, matnao- 

nial. 

CoNJuoALBMiHT, odv. coiyiigaQy , connubiaUy. 

CoNJcotjBR, va. to ooajugate. 

CoNJuouBR (So), to be conjugated, to be aub- 
jact tovaisoua chaogea in mooda, tenses, &e. 

CoNJURATEUR, Ml. B plotter, B couspiiBtor. 

CoNjuRATioir, if. a plot, a conapiracy : a con* 
juration, an enchantment, an exorcism : an 
eameat prayer. Coi|^rtittoiu, p(. entreatiea. 

CoNJuai, m. (ti matthf %md in tha plwrml) a 
conspirator, a plotter. 

(CoNjORBR, va. to conjure, to adjore : to im- 
plore, to entreat, to beseech. 

CoRjuBBB^OB. to ooniure, to conspire, to plot* 

C0NNAI8SABLB, a^f, that vay be known, easy to 
be known. 

CoMMAissAifCB, ff. knowledge, idea, notion: 
acquaintance, mmiliarity. C'sft una da mm 
CMtnaitfanctff , he or she is an acquaintance of 
mine. Fairs coRiuuffatic^, to get acquainted 
with. Fatdra coniMiifiancf , to ftitnt, to awoon. 
Prfndrf connaifiaaes d'tm o^trt, to take cog- 
nisance of an afiair. Kntrteoiiiuriftancsf, among 
acquaintances. CbAfiaiftanett, vU learning, 
skill. 

CoMVAissBHBKT, fiB. a bill of lading. 

poNNAissBUB, MR. 1 B conuoisseur, a peraoa 

CoNMAxssBUSB, jf. f skiUcd in a thing. 

ConnaItre, va. to know, to underatand, to be 
akilled in : to be acquainted with : to diseem, 
to distinguish : to experience. fa$ta esn- 
naltrf , to introduce to : {fig,) to unmask. 

CoKNAtrBB vr. to take cogniaance of. 

CoMNAtTRX (Se), vr. to blow oneaelf : to an* 
derstand, to be a Judge of. Ne pat m con- 
naitrt, to be out or one's senses. 

CoNniTABLE, MR. B constablo, a high constable. 

CoNNiTABLiB, ff. B conBtebleship, the office of 

' a constable. 

CoNNExa, a4j. (jwr,) connexed, connectod, 

\ linked together. 

Connexion, ff. connexion, union, junction. 

CoNNxxiri, ff. connexity, ei&u^. 

CoHNiTBvcB, ff. connivance, collusion, ht^ 
bearance. 

CoNNivBB, VR. to connive, to wink at, to col- 
lude, to overlook. 

CoNoiDAL, 04/* (fc'^"^*) conoidical. 

CoRoiDB, fM. (geom,) conoid, approaching to 
the form of a cone. 

CoNQUB, ff. a conch, a shell. 

CoNQuiRANT, stn. B couqurior. 

CoKoviRANTE, ff. B conqucressk' 

CoNQu^RtB, va. to conquer, to Tenqnish, to 
subdue, to overcome, to subjugate. 

CoNQU&T, fiR. (Jur,) a purchase. 

CoNovftTB, ff. a conquest, a victory; an ac« 
quisition by the forse of ansa. Fain la can" 
qu£t€ d*un€fimm€, to get into tho good graces 
of a tody. 



CON 

Coy«0u,pgn« of CoifqviEit, eonqu^ied* 
CoNSicyiKT or CoNSJBCAATSvE, o^l- »nd <• (it 

i»drfa Hshop who €oiuecra|«s anotk$ry con- 

Mcndof y eonseexator. 
CoNSACEEM, «a. to conseprEto, to deroto to pa- 

creduseE: to dedicEt^j to ordain: to noction. 
CoN9ACBEE (So), vr« to doTOto or EEcrifice 

oneself. 
CoysiNcuiv, adi, coDEEDguineooE, neaf of Idn, 

of the aaflie blood* Frere cai^sanguin, mmt 

coasanguine, bElf brother, h»l£ tiutex by the 

Other's side. 

CoKSACDiNiTE, ff, conflEn|^aipity, relation by 
blood. 

Conscience, if, conscience, oonEciousnesE, 
hiowledg^ or our own thoughts and actions: 
religious opinion: scruple, difficulty. En 
tmema, or en bown^ coHwmc$, in good con- 
fcience. 

CoysciENcxBusEMEHT, ^0. ofmsqeutioiM^ly, 

honestly, npri^tly. 
CoKsciiNTiBux, a^, coDfcien^iom, honest, 

CoNscEiPTiON, ff. conscription, the ennoUingof 
joung men fit for serrioe : the loTy of such 
men as (lEte reached tbe age of ponscription. 

CoKscBiT, Mfj. and t, (tm0ng ths Rnnant) aso- 
nator. rim ^trnteriu^ conscript fathers: 
(m FrvMCf) Qfie who i# enrolledi to fonro ip 
the army. 

CoKs&cEATEux, sm, E consecrator, % consec?«t- 
iagpriest. 

CoHticBATXON, tf. consocrfitioii, d^cation* 

CoNs^ccTipf a^, coniecutiTo, regularly sne- 
ceeding: oonsequeotisl. 

CoKticvTivxMBNT, odv. -consocptf Tely, mcoef- 
aivaly, vitbout interruption. 

CoESBiL, jm. counsel, Edrice, consultation ; a 
oooocil, a council-board : cosuosel, an advo- 
cate, a counsellor. Omteil de gu«rre, a coun- 
cil of war, a court-martial. 

CoN8iiLLEB,fm. a counsellor, an adrker. 

CoEiEiLLEE, «e. to counsel, to advise, to giro 
advice er counsel. 

CoysEiLLiBx, rf. a female adviser : the wife of 
> judge or eounsellor. 

CovsEMi, im. (jfir.) the acoeptiUon qf a re- 
ngnatioo. 

CoESKETANT, ci^*. consenting, willing. 

CoEiEBTEMEinr, tm. consent, assent, acquies- 
cence : concord, accord, app^bation, agiee- 
neat, cobetfx^ with. 

CoKSEETiB, vn, to couseot, to assent, to ap- 
qaisfce, to ptibecnb^ to,to approve, to agree, 
(0 give consent. 

CoNsiouEMMBNT, odv* consoquontly, by eon- 
•equence: in eonsoquence, pursuEPtly* 

CoNsiQUENCE, <f> consequence, infiueno^, ds- 
doetiea, conefusion: event, sequel, rtesnlt: 
importance, moment, weight. £n catu^quenee, 
ads. consequently, therefore. Sam cont6- 
famce, of no consequence, immaterial. 

CoKsiQUENT, am. {log. and math.) the conse- 
^oanL 

CoEs&QtrEKT, adj» consistent. Par 90i996pntitt, 
cds. eonsequently. 

CovsEEVATEVE, ou. E oenservator* a prMenrer : 
> pgotector, a defender* 



CoMEBEVATiOE, ff. ponHnation* pwienviiw* 
C0N5EEVAT0IEB, am. a gratuitous school lor 
music, declamation ^d the Uke : (Mr) con- 
servatory. 

CoN8ERVAT«;cB,|f.i> piotectws, • lemalopra- 

server. 

CoNSBB vs, 1^. co^kEsrve, f oonservatory : sweet- 
meate, comfiu : {mwr.) a oonvoy, a man of 
war thst convoys merohEntm^n« C^nuarvei, 
pL spectacles, preservers, 

CoNSEBVEB, t;«. to conserve, ta preserve, to 
save, to keep : tp teke care of: to maintain : 
to defend, to guard, to protect. 

CoHSERVER (Se), wr, to keep, not to deo^ s to 
take care of one's he^th : not to gn»w old. 

CoNsiDENCE, gf, sinking, subsiding. 

CoNsiD^RAELB, Ofdj. Considerable, reourksbk, 
notable, great, eminent : important, weighty. 

CoN8iDiaABi.BMBMT, oclv. cousidei^y, nota* 
bly : rery much, % great deal. 

Cav8iDiRANT,|m. prelimiuEiy renaika. 

CoNEiDiBA^T, <u(/. (061.) considerate, cantioiis. 

CoKsioiRATioN, ff. Qonsidenttion, the act of 
considering; m«nt^ vi^v, mature thought, 
deliberation, oontemplatien, reflection : im-* 
portance, consequence : moment, weight : 
notice, regard: esteem, saspeet} motive, 
influence. ConmdAratunu, pL observatieas, 
reflectiqnf. Cette qfaire sat dignt de €on^d6- 
ration, that affair deserves someconsideration. 
SiomM da jMu 4# coimd4raiion, a manof Uttlw 
importance, an insignificant man. £41 een- 
rid^ratiat^ ds, pr^, put of r«gm«| tog. 

CoNsiDini^BiiT, adp. considerately, prudestly, 
advisedly. . 

CoNaiDfiRBR, vs. to oonsidav, to take into eon- 
sideration : to PBamine, to ponder, to sift t 
to value, to esteem, to hara a regaxd for. 
Contidirei U priM du tempf , consider the Tslue 
of time. 

CoNsiGNATEiBB, m. (jw,) s trusteo, a depo- 

sitery. 

CoNsioNATion, ff, a oonsignEtion, a oonsiga- 
ment, a deposit : the object deposited. 

C0N6IONE, </. (miL) the watehword. 

CoMaiGNEB, t». to consign, to deUver or tmnt- 
fer aa a ehargp or tmst : to intrust, to com- 
mit : to deposit, to lodgo in trust : to give 
orient not to admit. Je Vm eontigmi i ma 
parte, I have given orders not to let him 

GON8XST4H0B, ff. consistence, eonsisteney: 

tstoadinesa, stebility : (Jur.) extent of an 

estate : the oontente of a letter. Mtablittement 

tant coniistance, an estaUisment without sub- 

stenpe. 

CoNsif TAVT, <m(;* oonsistiag in sr of. 

CoNsisTBR, %m, to consist of or in, to be com- 
posed of. &| fiiTtune conmte en bie^'fonde, 
nis fortune consisto in landed property. 

C0N8I8T01RB, em. a consistory, an assembly of 
cardinals under the Pope^s preeidency: a 
Protestant meeting: the place where they 
meet. 

C0N8ISTORIAL, adj. consistorial, consistofy, 
pertaining i»rrelating to a conastoiy. 

CoNsisTOEiALBMBNT, odv^'uL % cousitlOKy : in 
V a consistorial lon»« 



CON 

Consolablk, adj. con^olftble, capable of reced- 
ing consolation, ^at admits comfort. 

CoNsoLAVT, adj, consoling, comforting, alle- 
riating grief. 

CoNsoLATBva, sm. a consolator, one who con- 
soles : a comforter. 

CovsoLATioff, tf, consolation, aQeriation of 
mis e i y, comfort, solace. 

CovsoLAToiBB, adj, consolatory, comforting. 

CoNsoLATBicB, gf, h female condTorter. 

Console, tf. (areh.) a console, a kind of bracket,' 
mostly fixed between two windows. 

Consoler, va. to console, to alleviate grief, to 
aolaoe, to cbeer, to con^rt. 

CovsoLBB (Se), vr. to forget one's grief, to 
get comforted. 

CoNsoLiDAKT, odj, and $m. (jthy.) a bealing 
remi^j. 

Consolidation, $f. consolidation : the act of 
making solid: bealing. La eoiuoUdationd'une 
dette, die consolidation of a debt. La eonto- 
lUkttioH d*un€ plaie, the healing of a wound. 

CosrsOLiDBB, va, to consolidate, to make solid, 
4o harden : (dktr.) to heal np : to assign a 
stock for the payment of a public debt. Lb 
titn e0tttoiid£, (in EngUnd) the consolidated 
three per cents., nlled, by abbreTistion, 
C&ntoU : (in Franet) the third part to which 
the public debt was reduced at the beginning 
of the first roTolution. 

CovsoLiDBB (Se), vr. to eonsolidate, to grow 
finn, hard or solid. 

CoNSOMMATBUR, im. u cousumer, one who 
wastes or destroys : a finisher, a perfecter. 

CoNsoM NATION, tf. cousummation, Completion, 
the end of a work : consumption, the act of 
consuming. La eantomt^tum d» viande, de 
tets, the consumption of meat, of fuel. 

CoNsoMMi, fM. jeUy-broth, cnllis. 

CoNsoMMBR, va. to consummato, to consume, 
to waste, to destroy by use or otherwise : to 
finish, to end, to complete, to perfect. 

CoNSOMPTip, adj. iphy.) consumptive, fit to 
destroy humours : in a consumption. 

CoNsoMPTlON, tf. eohsumption, the act of con- 
suming, or the act by which a thing is con- 
sumed : waste : (a diteatt) consumption, 
decline, a kind of phthisis, by the effects of 
which the body is gjradually fidling in a 
■tate of decay. 

CoNsoNNAMCE,^. (sittf .) consouancs, an agree- 
able accord of sounds . (gr.) a similtarity of 
sound in the termination of words. 

CoNsoNNANT, «{/• C"**^*) cottsonnant, com- 
posed of consonances. 

CoNsoNNB, tf. (gr.) a consonant, a letter so 
called, becaoae it cannot be sounded without 
a Towel. 

Consorts, tm. pl» (jur.) consorts, partners, 
associates. 

CoNSOUDB, tf. (a pUnt) comfrer. 

CoNSPiRANT, adj. (mec.) conspiring. 

CoNSPiRATBVB, jHi. s couspirator, one who con- 
spires or engages in a plot to commit treason, 
a plotter. 

Conspiration, tf. a conspiration, aoonspiraey, 
R conjuration against the life of a king or the 
goTennnent -of a atate, a plot. 
96 



CON 

Conspirbr, va. to conspire, to plot : to oom- 
bine, to concert. lit ont congpiri ma pmrte, 
they have plotted my ruin. 

Conspirer, vn. to conspire against, to agree 
to commit a crime, to plot, to hatch treason : 
to contribute to. Ceiupirer contra Vttat, to 
conspire against the state. Tout eontpiro it 
mon bonhaur, e? eiy thing concurs to my hap- 
piness. 

CoNSPOBR, va. to spit upon: to hold in the 
utmost contempt. 

CoNtfTAHMBNT, odv. constsntly, with constancy: 
in an uniform manner, steadily, invariably, 
perseveringly. 

Constance, tf. constancy, firmness of mind, 
persevering resolution, peraeveraoce : last- 
ing affection : stability in love or frieodship. 

CoNbTANT, a((/. eonstantv unvaried, unchanged: 
firm, resolute, ^ deteimined, steady, grave : 
certain, firmly adherent to. 

C0N8TATEB, tMi. to aver, to state the proofs of a 
fact, to prove it to be true. 

Constellation, tf. a constellation, a cluster of 
fixed stars. 

CoNSTBB, V. imp. (Jut.) to be plain, certain, or 
evident. U eontte, it is certain or evident. 

Consternation, tf. astonishment, amaxcment: 
excessive terror, wonder, or surprise. 

CoNSTBRNBa, OR. to Strike with oonsteniation> 
to astound, to amaxe, to terrify : to dispirit, 
to dismay. 

Constipation, tf. constipation, costivenets: 
obstipation, stoppage. 

CoNSTiPBR, va. to constipate, to make costive. 
Le rix eonttipt, rice is binding. 

CoNSTrruANT, Ml. a constituent: he or that 
which constittttes or composes : a member 
of the first French revolurionary assembly. 

C0N8TITUANT, adj. constituent, setting or con- 
stituting : necessaiy, easeniial, elemental. 
L'attenAUecoMtiiuantOttha National Assem- 
bly of France in 1789. 

CoNSTiTUBR, va. to coustitute, to form or com* 
pose : to create, to erect : to set, to' fix, to 
settle, to establish : to appoint, to depute, 
to empower. Coiutitiior un komme prtMnnier, 
to commit, to send to prison. Conttituor una 
rente, to settle an annuity. 

CoNSTiTUBR (Se), vr. to constitute or establish 
oneself. Se eonttituer primnmior to surren- 
der oneself a prisoner. 

CoNSTiTUTip, a^, constitutive, elemental, es- 
sential. 

Constitution, if. a constitution, the funda- 
mental law of a state : formation, organisa- 
tion: an annuity. 

CoNSTiTUTioNNALiri, tf coustitutionality, the 

* quality of what is constitutional. 

Cqnstitutionnel, adj. constitutional, radical, 
conaistent with the constitution : legal. 

CoN8TITVTIONNBLLBMENT,a4;.COnstitUlionally, 

according to the constition of the state, 
legally. 
Constriction, tf. (phy.) constriction, contrac- 
tion, compression. 

CON8TRINOBNT,a4;-(pfty«)^^^''^S*l'^>^'^^>V* 

Construction, tf. a construotiun, the act of 
bttildiog, the form of a building: ship-build* 



CON 

ia^: tiie mamier of dewribing a figure of 
fttmetry: (gr.) constmction, a proper ar- 
no^enient of the parts of speech. 
CowsTRccTBua, fm. a builder, one who boilds. 
Cmttruettur de navirts, a ahipboilder, a ship- 
wright. 
CowsrauiBE, va. to construct, to bnild : to 
iBtke, to form, to constitute : (gr.) to con- 
strue. 
CojispBSTANTiALiTK, sf, {theo.) consubstan- 

tialitjr, unity and identity of substance. 
Con-substantiation, if. (tkeo,) consubstan* 
tiation, the union of the body of our Saviour 
with the' sacramental element. 
CoysfrasTANTiEi., adj. consubstantial, being of 
the same kind, of the same subtance. 

CoifS01STANTIBLLBMSNT,(uil7.COnSUb9tantially, 

ia a consabstantial manner. 

Consul, sm. a consul, one of the two chief ma- 
gistrates in the Roman republic, and one of 
the three in the French : a commercial ydele- 
gate to foreign contktries to protect traoe and 
auperintend commercial transections. 

CowtuLAR, adj. consulor, pertaining or relat- 
ing; to the consul. 

CoNSDLAiaBMBNT, od. (o6t.)in a consular way. 

Cansulat, sm. consulate, consulship : the of- 
fice or jurisdiction of ^e consul : the chan- 
cellor and clerks who assist the consul in his 
iimetioiis. 

Consultant, a4;. and sm. one who gives advice 
(Ma professional man). Avocat coiuultant, a 
special pleader. 

CoxsuLTATioN, sf. a cousultation, a consult, the 
•ct of consulting : the effect of it : a delibera- 
tioo, a written advice. 

CoMsuLTER, va. to cousult, to ask advice or in- 
quire of: to regard. 

CoxscLTBR, VH. to deliberate, to advise with, 
to confer with one about an affair. 

CoKsuLTEB (Se), vr. to consult, to deliberate, 
to think of, to weigh, to examine what one is 
about. 

Co^cMANT, a4f» eonsuming, wasting. 

CojrsuiiBR, va, to consume, to spend, to waste, 
to squander : to destroy, to devour. 

CoxfVMEE (Se), vr. to waste away, to exhaust 
oneself. 

Contact, tm. (^iL) a close union, the contact 
of two bodies. 

CoKTADiN, tm, a coontr3rman, a rustic. 

voxTAGTEux, adj. contagious, infectious, pes- 
tilential, catching, caught by approac^h. 

Contagion, sf, contagion, infection, plague, 

^ pestilential vapour. 

CosiTAMiNATioN, sf. Contamination, the act of 
poQuting, pollution, defilement. 

CoNTAMiNBR, va, (o6s.) to Contaminate, to pol- 
lute, to defile, to adtdterate. 

Contb, sm. a narrative, a tale, a story, a fiction. 
Fairt tUt eontes, to tell tales. Cimte en Calr, an 
anlikely story. Conit jutur rire, a funny story. 
Cmrte a dormirdebout, a tale for children. 

COVTEMPLATEUH, sm. ) . ,. 

ComiiPLATiiicE, sf, I * contemphitor, one 

employed in study. 
CovTBiirLATip, adj, contemplative, studious, 

thoQghtfitl, having the power of neditation. 



CON 

CoNTBKPLATioN, sf. Contemplation, the facility 
of study : meditation : consideration* £» 
contemplation de, prep, in consideration of. 

CoNTEMPLBR, Va, and n. to contemplate, la 
muse upon : to meditate : to behold, to view 
or study with attention. 

CoNTEMPOBAiN, adj. and s. contemporary, 
coeval, coetaneous, one who Uvea at the same 
time with another. 

CoNTEMPORANBiTB, sf, contemporariness, ex- 
istence at the same time. 

CoNTEMPTBUR, sm, 9, Contemner, one who con-- 
temns, a despiser, a scomer. 

Contemptible, adj. contemptible, deserving 
contempt, despised, neglected : scornful,* apt 
to despise. 

CoNTENANCB, sf, capaciousnoss, extent : look, 
mien : posture, deportment. Perdre eonte^ 
nance, to be abashed. 

CoNTENANT, stn. that which contains something. 
Le contenant est plus grand que U contenu, the 
case is larger than the contents. It is also 
adjective. 

CoNTENDANT, a4;> aud s. contending: acom-> 
petitor. 

CoNTBNiR, va, to contain, to comprise, to hold^ 
as a vessel, to include : to restrain from, to 
' keep within bounds. 

CoNTBNiR (Se), vr. to restrain oneself, to keep 
within bounds, to refrain from. 

Content, adj, content, satisfied, well pleased. 
Je vis content, I live happy. 

CoNTENTKMENT, 8m, coutent, conteutment, mo- 
derate happiness : satisfkction : joy, plea- 
sure, gratification. 

CoNTENTER, VQ . to contont, to sRtisfy : to please, 
to gratify, to humour. 

CoNTENTER (Se), VT, to be contented or satis-* 
fied with. 

CoNTENTiEux, adj, conteutious, given to con- 
tention, quarrelsome. 

CoNTBNTiEusEMENT, odv. conteutiously, with 
contention, litigiously : captiously. 

Contention, sf, contention, dispute, debate, 
strife, animosity, strong application of mind. 
Disputer avec contention, to dispute witli 
warmth. > 

CoNTBNu, sm. the contents, that which is con- 
tained in any thing : the heads of a book, th* 
index (to a volume). 

CoNTBR, va, to relate, to tell. En eonter d, 
to impose upon one : to make love to a 
female. . 

Contestable, adj» contestable, disputable, con- 
trovertible. 

Contestant, adj, contending, litigious, quar- 
relsome. 

Contestation, sf, contestation, debate,' 
wrangling. 

CoNTESTER, va. to Coutost, to contoud, to dis- 
pute, to litigate, to call in question. 

CoNTKu"; .'./: } « "to'y-toW". o»« who tells or 

relates idle stories. 
CoNTEXTURB, sf. coutexturo, the disposition*^ 

and union of the constituent parts ota thing 

into one body. La contexture des naucles, the 

contexture of the muscles, 

H 



CON 

OomttovitA, ff. eoatiguity^, actual contact of 
bodies, aoiitl||uouBnesi : a touohing. 

€0NnMBKCB, tf, continence, oontineney, re- 
straint { aelf-eomiAaad : the restraint of the 
passion for sexual enjoyment: chastity: 
IMpaclty, extent. (ObsoUu in tkit laHtr 

ffM«.) 

CoNTiiTBNT, sm. a continent, a great tract of 
connected land inclnding several states : the 
mainland. 

Goutimbiit, Mdj, continent, chaste, abstonious : 
moderate, temperate : {phy.) unremitting. 
Fiiw tontinmUf a continent or rather a con- 
tinuad leTer. 

CoMTiNGENCE, ff. contingenco, contingency : 
easoalt^, accident, 'fortuitous ereat, acci- 
dental possibility. 

Contingent, sm. a contingent, the quota or 

SttitaMe duure which each is to fnmish 4)r 

feeeiTe* faumir ton eontingent en komtife$ 

' 0t tn urgmUf to furnish on<rs contingent in 

men and money. 

GovTEiiGSKT, 4k{;'. contingent, casual, acci- 
dental, falling or coming by chance. 

CoNTiHir, «m. a body,. the parts of which are 
not divided. 

CoNTiNu, adj, continual, proceeding without 
tnteffmission. Bosw continuo, a thoroughbass. 

CoNTiNUATEUK, SHI. s continuatdr, one who 
costinnes s literary work begun by another. 

Continuation, if. continaation, continuance, 
duration: persevetance 

Cohtinvs, sf. uninterrapted duration. It is 
only used in this adverbial expression : A la 
rnntimui in process of time. 

Continuei., adj, continual, incessant, unceas- 
ing, mnintenupted : not intermitting. 

Continuellement, adv, continually, without 

- psnss or oessation : unceasingly. 

Continuemsnt, adv. widiout ceasing or inter- 



Continueb, oa. to continu0, to go on with, to 

pessovere in, to prolong, to protract. 
CovTiNuxR, vn. to continue, to last, to be 

durable, to be permanent. 
Continues (Se), vr, to be continued, to go on. 

iloB ^iictioniuiirs m eotUinue, my dictionary is 

goia^on. 
Continuitb, sf. continuity, cohesion: close 

nnisn of pnrts, oninterrupted oonnezioo. 
Govtomdant, «d/. ^<r^r.) contusing, bruising. 
C0NTOR810N »f, contortion, contorsion, atwist- 

iag, 4 writbing, a twist, a wrj motion. 
Contour, 5m. the contour, the outline by which 

- « £g«re is tecminated, the outline : the cir-r 
cumference, the circuit. 

CotfvouRNBB* vs. to draw the outlines of a 
figure : to give a figure or any piece of ar- 

- «&itectttn tiM turn which it ought to have. 
Tatlle UoH er nai eontournie, a good or ill- 
shaped waist. 

CoHTRACTANT, Ml. B contrsctor, ouo who con- 
tracts, one of the parties to a baijgain. 

G»yrnu!m A wr, a^j. (Jur.) contracting, stipu- 
hAo^, L$t jiarii€$ centrscCsntcf, the «on- 
tnntJag/pafties. 

'•NTBACTsii, VS. te ^Mntt, to uripulatg, to 
98 



COS 

bavgi^a : t$ get, t» snqnirs, to catch : to 
contract, to get together nearer, to shorten, 
to abridge. Contractor un i^ariegt, to many. 
Contracter d$$ dtttet, to run in debt. Con-> 
traeter un4 kabitudt, to take a habit. . 

Contracter, vn. to contract, to ^nter into a 
mutual agreemenC 

CoMTRACTBR (Sc), VT, to contfBct, to sbiiiik, 
to become shorter or narrower. 

Contraction, sf', contraction, the actof shrink- 
iog : the state of being contracted : (gr.) the 
reduction of two syllables into one. 

Contractuel, a4;. Our.) stipulated by bond 
or treaty. 

Contra dictbur, fin. a contradictor, one who 
contradicts or denies : an oppoaer. 

Contbaoiction, rf. contradiction, a contrary 
declaration, a denial : on opposition, an ob- 
stacle : inconsistency, li y a cwtradietiou 
entre c$$ deux prepositiomt those two propo- 
sitions involve contradiction. 

Contra dictoirb, adj, contradictory, implying 
a denial of w^hat has been ssserted> insousis- 
tent, opposite, coi^trary. Aitertiona contra^ 
dictoires, contradictory assertions. 

Contra oicToi REM ENT, adv. contradictorily, in 
a contradictory manner. 

CoNTRAiGNABLE, odj, (Juv,) cosfltrainable, lia- 
ble to constraint. 

CoNTRAiNDRE, va. to constraiu, to compel, to 
force, to restrain : to incommode. 

CoNTBAiNORB(Se), VT, to coiistmn oneself, to 
restrain one's passion. 

CoNTRAiST, a4j' and part- constrained, stiff. 

CoNTBAiNTE, rf. Constraint, force, compulsion, 
violence, restraint. Contrainte par corpr, a 
writ to areesC 

CoNTRAiRE, sm. the contrary, opposite qualities. 

Contra IRE, a/y, eontrary, adverse, opposite, 
opposed to: contradictory, hurtful. Au eon- 
traire, or toitt au eontrairet adv. esp, on the 
contrary. Tout U corUraire, quite the re- 
verse. 

Contra RtANT, a4j' contradistious, inclined to 
contradict, of a cross and contindictory tem- 
per. 

Contra RiER, vs. to contradict, to deny what 
has been affirmed : to oppose, to be dlsectiy 
contrary to. 

Contra ribtb, sf. contrariety, opposition, ob- 
stacle, binderanoe. Contruri6ti$, pi. crosses, 
obstacles, difficulties, 

Contrastb, tm, a contrast, en opposition, a 
dissimilitAde : a striicing difference in the 
attitude and character of figures. 

Contrasted* va, to ocmtrast, to place in oppo- 
sition. • 

Contrasteb, vn. to be in opposition. 

Contrat, sm. a contract, bai^in : a compast, 
a covenant, a deed. Contract de donation, a 
deed of gift. 

Contravention, «f. a oontravention, an in- 
fraction of a law, treaty^ ooinpaot«r agree- 
ment : a transgression* 

CoNTRE, tm, used in this phrase oidy : L$ fiour 
ti le contre, the pro and, co». 

GoiiT»B, pM. ikgaiast, near hj^ erer agaiBiL 
Tm (QMtfrr > isdv. «liQS€[ by« 



CoyriE-AMiB^L, sm. a rear-aiimiral. 
CoKf»<-ArrYOC|i|p«, w». pf, (fort,) qon^pu i^- 

C0VTBSB11.ANCKB, va. to popiijt^FNl^oc^, to 
weigh against with ai^ 9()uai Feigfft : to s^ct 
9^ua9t Y^ih ^1^u power : tp CQunteryal) : 
to co0ipen«|te. 

CoNTaiiuNpE,^. coxitr9]i»2^^,il}egBi1 t^^c: pro- 
hibited goi(M}a. Ffiir^ lacontrf^ndet to contfa- 
baod, to soyiiggl^, ^ import prohibitefl goods.' 

Coyj^aa^NoiEa, ^. i apootra)^andi^f,9Q^whq 

CoNTBBBAXojiR£,s/'.j traffics illegally, a 
^muggier. 

CosiaB-BAps, sf. (yniff.) ft o(9)f»jlef}Hia«, »))^8, 
a bass roice. 

CoyTa£*aATT£BiB, 5f. a cpifotef-batt^y. 

CoKTBu-Bif i« j[a), adv. fKcp. in a contrary 4i; 
rectioff. 

CoNTBE-BiTTM, ff. p/. (wir.) c^We s|»f»dv!i}s. 

CoxTB^.B^vTAiiTf «m» ^ cpwt^r-fort, a spur, ^ 

butUaju. 
CoMinE-BOUTER, va. to uoderprop, ^ i||»ppQit. 
CoNTa£.cAi.9UE«, w. to retrace a desigo, | 

plate 0r pri;^* 

Co^TBspABRSB, va.t^thwarty to (>pp9f0f >p^©> 

in opppaitlQii to. 
CoNTBE-cAREKE, ff, (iRar.) the l^j^f^n of a 

toxTBE -CHANGE, tm, a coun^f-pbange. 
CoNT|iE-ciiA|i|f|ij m» * coupter.'ciiann, 
Co?fTB^.CHA63ia> 9m,fi dpubie cas.enieDt. 
CoxTaE-c^bua, f^. fhp back, the hear^ Qf |i 

cbinmey. A contre-cxur, be, adv* f^gayist 

oae a will, reltipta&t^. 
CoxTBE-covf , $m- a coimter-bljQW, a reperau- 

sion, a rebound : a result, a copaequeDce* 
CoxTEE-oANSE, rf, f contTadaiice, qr coui^r- 

dance. 
CoNTREDiBE, va, to contradict, to deny w|iat 

baa bcN^n aald : to h» di|rec()y coixtxia^ .tp, tp 

oppose, to refute. 
CoKTB^iB^ C^)' ^' ^ c«H^ti«dict o^ea^, to 

laj the contrary of what ope has aaaert.ed* 
CoNTajB^iSAKT, i^, contradicting, contradic- 

tiooa, inclined to contradict. £iprt^ contre' 

ditmt, ^ pperiaht cont^rad^cting t^mpe^ , 
£oNTaBj>n', fjft. ^ contrary a^isertion : (jur«) a 

ooniiitation, an answer. Sa^t cQntn4it, udv, 

np, ipnqnyationably, mp^t assuredly. 
CoyTBEs, if. a. country* ftny tract of land : the 

vbole territory <^ akiogdom or atate: a region. 
CoxT^E-^HANp», {f. a counter-exchange, a 

BiQtual exchange. 
Co9iTRa-BNQv&TB, ^. a coun|tier-inqu^. 
CpxTa^-^PRfUYSt Iff' ft counjterproof. 
Co»TRE-&TAXBaT, wi. (mav-) the knee of the 

ttenrpo^. 
CoKTB^.^TKATEr ff. (war.) ftn apron. ' 
Co5Taa-EXTEjiaxoN ws^. (c/iir.) contra-extenaion. 
C0XTIEFA90N, sf. counterfeiting: forging, co- 

Pyiflfor imitating without right. 
CoNTBEFACTEUB, sm, ft cq^i^texfeitOT (of booksY i 
CoiiTBi^4c^ioi»4f^e.coante7feiting(ofbooka; : 

the making of apuriooa editions : a piracy. 
^9tWAtMB» «0. JtO CQnj»t^f!^t, tfi forge •' to 

i>4t«tfi, tp a|i9> to n|i^p, to tarn into lidi- 



cmr, tQ pr^nt or publial^ (a book) witbo^t 
right. Une personne contrefaite, an ill-^baped 
person. 

CoNTBErAiR^ (Be)t vr, to feign, to dissemble. 

CoNTREpAisEua, sBi, B luinuc, oue who cop^es 
finothj^r's yoice, gestures, or manners. 

CoNTRi-?BNAT^E, if. an inside shutter, a 49^' 
ble window. 

CpNTB^-FEN'rE, 5f. (chir*) a contrafi?si}re. 

CgNTBE-EiNE^sai!/*^ cQi^ntef ^rick, )^counte|plot. 

CoxTRRFOBT, »^. a co4nterfort, ^ buttress^ a 
pillar (tp support a wall or terrace). 

CoNTREFUGUE, (f. (mu5.) a countcrfi^gpe. 

CoNTRE-oAOE, fill. » ple.dg|^> a double security* 

Cqv^R^QAtLp^, {f. a pountergnard, a jsmaU raiji- 
part witb p|rap9t ftnd ditch. 

CoNTBEiUcu^B*, vfn. (fff ^^f^wing) to cou^tai^ 
natch. 

poNTiiEnlTiBRs, sn^pl^ ftkitchen-rack, ^ dou))!) 
rack. 

C o NTJ»**8 Au T, ffdv. npwaj-df . 

Co^TRBjoup, ft(i, cpunterliglit, aiig)xt oppo^it^ 
(p any thing that makes it appear to disad- 
vantage: a false light. A cont re-jour, adv. iicp, 
in a fal^ Ugh^ 

Po9T]j^E):.ATTE, if, 9^ ppun^erlatb. 

CONTREL^TTEB, vp. to coufiteflatli. 
CoNTRB-iETTRp, ff, B defeasance, ft CQun^er* 

.doed. 
Coxtre-^^Itdb, «}if. (war.) a boatswain, a 

masJter's o^ate (in a a)iip) : a foreman (in ft 

workshop or roanufi^ctory). 
CoNTREfl#lfP£M£^T, tm. ft countermand, a rer 

ppaj. 
CoNTREMANDER, va.to count^xn^D^i to revoke 

a fprmer pommand, to give an pf4^er contrary 

to one before given. 
CoNTBE-MABcu^, rf, ft countermarch, a xfttro- 

pession. 
/CoNTRE-vAR^E. «f. lma)\) a spring-tide, a 

neftp tide, ft tid^ difterent from the common 

ones. 
CpsfTB^-JliABQUE, if. a coupj^r-mark, a second 

or tb^rd mark put on a bale of gopds : a cheque 

(for re-admiftsipn intp a play-house). 
CoNTBE-MABQUER, va. to countermaik, to put 

ft seicond or third mark. 
CoNTAE-MiME, rf, ft countemune, ^ ajohter- , 

ranpona wpik to seek out the enemy's mu^e. 
CoMTRE-MiNER, vo. to countemiiue, to delve a 

pas^iige i^o ftn enemy's mine. 
CoNTRE-MiNEUR, sm, B counte^iuer. 
jCpNTR^-MPNT (a), adv. (obs.) upwards, up the 

hill, against the stream. 
CoNTRE-MrR, sn^. a countermure, a wall raised 

behind another, a counterwall. 
CoKTBE-MURER, va, to couutermuTe, to make a 

pounterr^all. 
CoNTftE-OBPRE, $m» ft counter-order. 
CoNTBE-ouvEBTUBE,s^'. (c/iir.) a counter-open- 
ing, an aperture on the contrary side. 
CoNTRE-PABTiE, f/'. B Counterpart, tlie second 

part, the cojrreapondent part. 
CoNTRE-PESER. pa. to counterpolse, tp equal in 

[Weight, to counterbalance. 
CQ)iiT4^^-f.iEP> fm» (fam.) the reverse, thft 

wrong sense* 
GQ»t»%-rPSHJ>^, m* ft fOUHttrpoise, t^i pqui^ 
H2 



CON 

ponderance, an equivalence in weight or 

power. 
CoNTRE-PoxL, sm. the wrong way or course. 

A contr$ poll, adv, exp, against the hair or 

gnin, in a wrong sense or way. 
CoNTRE-poiNT, sm, (ffiui.) a counterpoint, the 

art of combining and modulating consonant 

sounds. 
CoNTBE-poiKTBR, va. to quilt on both sides : to 

oppose one gallery to another: to thwart: 

(^oU.) to contradict, to set against. 
CoNTBS-poiBON, SM, counter-poisou, ananti-^ 

dote to poison. 
CoNTRB-poRTEi if, a doublc door. 
' CoNTRB-posBR, va. (com.') to set down wrong. 

CONTRB>POSITION, if. B pOStiUg WrOttg. 

CoNTBB-PBOMBSSBi tf', Bcounterboud, acountei- 

surety. 
Contbe-bAvolvtionn AiBE, oij;. and «. counter- 

revolutionaiy. 
CoNTBB-BONDEi fill. (iBt{.) B counter-rouud. 
CoNTBE-BivoLUTioy, tf, B counter-revolution, 

a revolution succeeding another and in an 

opposite sense. 
CoNTBE-QUXLLBy rf, (ffuir.) B keelsou. 
CoNTBB-BUBEv s/. B couutertriclc, a stratagem 

opposed to another : a counterplot. 
C0NTBE-8ANOLON, sm. a leather girth. 
CoNTBE-scABPE, tf. (fort.) B couuterscBrp, 

the exterior talus or slope of a ditch. 
C0NTBE8CABPBB, va, (fori,) to counterscarpy 

tp make a counterscarp. 
C0NTBB-8CE1., tm, (Jwr,) a counter-seal. 
C0NTRE8CELLEB, va, (Jur.) to counterseal, to 

seal together with others. 
C0NTBE-8EXON, ^tm. a countersign, a private 

signal, a military watchword. 
C0MTBE-8ENS, sm. a counteraensca wrong sense, 

an opposite meaning : the wrong side. Faire 

un contre-ttnt, to mistake the sense. A eoti" 

tre-tent, adv, erp, in a wrong sense : on the 

wrong side. 
CoKTBBsiGNBR, va. to counteTsigu, to place 

one's signature under that of a superior. 
CoNTRB-TAXLLE, sf. B couuter- tally, a tally cor- 
responding to another. 
CoNTRB-TEMps, sw. B contiBry and unforeseen 

accident, a disappointment, a mischance. 

A contre- tempt, adv, erp, unseasonably, pre- 
posterously. 
CoNTBE-TiBER, va. to couBterdraw, to copy by 

means of an oiled paper. 

CONTBEVALLATION, tf. (fOTt,^ B fortificatioU 

thrown up round a city. 

CONTREVENANT, tm. 1 / . \ .^ ^«V.,J«- 

CoKTEEVENASTE,./,/ O-r.) an offender, a 

transgressor. 

CoNTREVENANT, adj. transgrcssiug, offending. 

CoNTRBVENiR, vii. to concTftvene, to transgress : 
to disobey, to act contrarv to. 

CoNTREVBNT, ttn, au.outside shutter. Fertnez 
let contreventt, put up the shutters. 

Contke-v£mitr,s/'. a discourse contrary to the 
imturalmeaniog of words: irony. 

C0NTR1C-VI8ITE, tf. a second or third search. 

CoNTRiBUABLE, tm, ouc who is liable to con- 
tribution, one who pays taxes. 

CoNTAXBUAKT, ffii, B contiibutory ono who con* 
100 



CON 

tributes, one who pays money to a common 
stock. 
CoNTBiBUEB, va, Bud ft, to coutribnte, to impart 
a portion or share to a common purpose : to 
pay contributions to an enemy : to assist, to 
co-operate, to have a share in. . 

Contribution, tf. a contribution, the pay- 
ment of each man's share of some commoB 
expense : (mil.) imposition upon a couotry 
in the power of an enemy. Mettre h amtri' 
button, to lay under contribution, to pirate. 

C0NTBI8TEB, va. to grieve, to afflict, to saddea, 
to vex. 

CoNTRiT, adf, contrite, affected with grief snd 
sorrow for having offended Ood : humble, 
penitent. 

CoNTBiTiON, tf, penitence, deep sortt)wforsin. 

Contb6lb, tm, a control, a control-book or 
re^ster : a mark on plate : a censure, a re- 
primand : the controller's office. 

Contr6lbb, va. to control, to verify, to regis- 
ter, to mark plate : to censure, to blsme, to 
reprimand. 

Contb6l£ur, tm, a controller, an inspector, a 
superintendent : a cenSurer, a critic. 

CoNTRovERSE, tf. B controvcTsy, a debate on 
religious subjects : a dispute, a debate upon 
any subject. 

CuNTBOvERs^, <u{;. controvertod, disputed, op- 
posed in debate. 

C0NTROVBRSI8TB, sm;'a controvertist, a contro- 
versialist, a controverser, a disputant. 

CoNTBouvBB, Va, to forgo, to invent, to con- 
trive falsely. 

CoNTUMAcs, tf, contumacy, a refusal to appear 
in a court of justice. Condamner par con- 
tumace, to outlaw. 

CoNTVMACE, tm. one who does not appear be- 
fore a court of justice when legally sum- 
moned. 

CoNTUMACEB, tu. to CBSt for non-appeaiBnce, 
to outlaw. 

CoNTUMAx, adi. contumacious, disobedient to 
the orders of a court. 

CoNTVM^LiE, tf, (06s.) contumely, eontemp- . 
tuous language. 

CoNTu mkhiEV SEMENT/i(2i?.(o6s.)contumeliou8ly • 

CoNTUMELXEux, adj. (obt,) contumelious, out- 
rageous, insolent. 

CoNTUs, adj. (ehir.) contused, bruised. 

Contusion, tf, a contusion, an injury to the flesh 
of some part of the body, a bruise. 

Convaincant, adj. convincing, convicting. 
Preuve convaincante, a convincing proof. 

CoNVAiNCBE, va, to couTince, to satisfy the 
mind by evidence, to persuade, to satisfy : 
to convict, to prove guilty. 

CoNVAiNCBE (Se), to be convinced or sBtiified. 

CoNVAiNcu, adj. and part, of Convaincbb, con- 
vinced, convicted. AtUiint et convaincu, at- 
tainted and convicted. 

CoNVALEscENCfe, tf. convalesccnce, convales- 
cency, renewal of health : recovery. 

C0NVALB8CENT, adj, convalescent, recovering 
health. 

CoNVBNABLE, odj, m, f, conveuable, comnstent 

I with : convenient, fit, suitable, proper. 
CoiiVKNABUiiUMX» odv* ooBv«ueatly0 lUitably. 



CON 

Co!fTnrANCB,ii<io.ooaTeoience, proprietj, con- 

gndtj, soitableness* fitness : conformity, 

d^eeacj, proprietj : concord, harmony, 

proportion: compatibility. 

CowTXNANT, adj. suitable, conTenient : decent, 

proper, becoming. 
CosrvENiR, vn. to agree, to become, to snit: to 
own, to grant, to confess, to concur with : to 
be ooarenient or proper : to fit, to be suit- 
able, to match : (imp,) It convitnt, it is fit, 
conrenient, expedient or proper. 
CoNYSNTicvLs, tf, s conventicle, a secret and 

onlawfol assembly. 
Convention, rf. a conrention, an agreement or 
contract : a treaty, an assembly, a meeting. 
LaComvention NatumaUr the National Conven- 
tion (which established the French Republic). 

CoNvsNTioNNSL, tm, a member of the French 
National Assembly. 

Co^vrKNTiONNBL, adj. conTontional, stipnlated, 
formed by agreement. 

CoNVEKTioNBLLEMENT,adv.by agreement, sti- 
pulation or compact. 

CoMVEKTUALiTB, «/*. a uumber of monks living 
together. 

CoNrsNTUBL, a4;. conventual, belonging to a 
convent, monastic. 

CoNvsNTUELLEMENT, odv, conveutually, ac- 
cording to the monastic rules. 

CoHvxKOBNCE, tf. Convergence, convergenoy, 
tendency to one point. 

CoxvEROEKT, adj. couvergeut, converging, 
teoding to one point. 

CoNVBaa, mdj. and s, Vnfrere convert, une axur 
eodcerm, a lay broker or sister^ 

CoNVBRSATioN, tf. s couvefsation, a familiar 
diacoorae between two or several persons. 

CoMVEBSEB, vn. to couverse, to discourse fa- 
ndliarly ; to bold intercourse with. * Nout 
avont conoerti en omit, we have conversed as 
friends. 

Conversion, tf. a conversion, a change from 
one thing to another, a transmutation: a 
change of beait or disposition : a change 
from one religion to another : (mil.) a change 
of front. 

Convertible, adj.m.f, convertible, susceptible 
of change, transmu table. 

changed his or her religious opinions. 

CoNVERTim, va. to convert, to change from one 
state to another : to cause one to change his 
or her religion, opinion, or party : to turn 
from a bad to a good life : to apply to any use. 

CoNVERTiR (Se), vr. to be converted, to under- 
go a change fnmi bad to good. 

CoNTERTiasEMENT, «m. a couversion, a change. 

CeNVBRTissEVB, Silt, a converter, one who 
makes converts or .proselytes. 

Convex E, adj. convex, swelling on the ^xterior 
Bor&ce into a round form. Miroir convexe, a 
convex atiirror. 

CoNVExiri^, rf. convexity, the exterior sur&ce 
of a eoDvex body, a globular form : round- 



Conviction',</'. conviction, aknowledge founded 
OR evident proof: its effect on the mind* 
101* * 



COP 

Tai une entiere convictum, I am fully eoa- 
vinced. 

CoNviB, tm. a guest, a person invited to an en- 
tertainment. 

CoNviER, va. to invite to an entertainment : to 
incite, to allure. 

Convive, sm. a guest, a person entertained by 
another. Un Son convive, a merry companion. 

Convocation, tf. convocation, tne act of as- 
sembling, convoking or calling together. * 

CoNvoi, sm. a burial, a funeral, a funeral pomp, 
or procession : (mil,) a convoy of provisions : 
the troops who escort it : (mar.) a convoy. 

CoNvoiTABLE, odj. (obt.) covetablo, that may 
be coveted. 

CoNvoiTER, va. to covet, to desire or wish for, 
to desire inordinately, to lust after. 

CoNvoiTBux, a4;* (obt.) covetous, inordinately 
desirous. 

CoNvoiTisE, tf. (Jam.) covetousness, inor- 
dinate desire : lust. D*un ceil de convoitite, 
with a covetous eye. 

CoNvoLER, vn. (jur.) to marry again, Con- 
voler en $econdes ou troisiemes noces, to marry 
for the second or third time. 

CoNvoQUER, va. to covoko, to assemble, to call 
together. 

CoNvoYEB, va. to convoy, to accompany for 
protection, to escort : to attend. 

CoNvuLsiF, adj. (phy.) con?ulsive, attended 
with convulsions or spasms. 

Convulsion, sf. (phy.) convulsion, a violent 
and involuntary contraction of the muscles : 
a tumult : a commotion, a serious disturbance. 

CoNvuLsiONNAiRE, 0*1^. couvulsionary, subject 
to fits. 

CoNYSE, sf. (a plant) the fleabtme. 

CooBLiG^ sm. a party in a bond, one bound 
with another. 

Cooper ATEUR, sm. a co-operator. It ^ 

Coop^RATRiCE, ff.aco-operatrix, J ^ * 
who endeavours to promote, jointly with 
others, the same end. 

Cooperation, sf. a co-operation, the act of 
operating to the same end. 

Coopbrer, vn. to co-operate, to endeavour (o 

^ promote the same end : to act jointly with 
another or others. 

CooPTATioN, sf. co-optation, association : 
adoption, assumption. 

CoopTER, va. to co-optate (inusitt), to asso- 
ciate, to adopt, to aamit into a society. 

CooRDONNER, va. to combiuc several things' 
for the same purpose or end. 
OPAL, sm. I jjQpjj^ ^^ concrete juice of a 

tree growing in the Mexican states. 

CopARTAOEANT, od),. and sm. a copartner, a 
partner having an equal share or portion. 

CopBAV, sm. a cbip. Copeaux, pi. shavings. 

CopERMUTANT, sm. ouo who exchsnges a bene- 
fice with ano^er, 

CopERNiciEN, adj. andt. a Copemican, a parti- 
san of the Copemican system: relating to 
the system of Copernicus. 

CopTHE or CoPTE sm. a Copht or Copt, an 
Egyptian Christian. 

CopiE, sf. a copy, the manuscript of n book be* 



coti 

fot^ it ift pHitibd : ft tfaiiiei^iJt fi«m «ii ori^ 
einal : a picture drawn from anotbdr pietorei 
Vfi original taui e&pU, a dbwnright brigitliU» 
one who has not his fellow. 

CopiKR, va, to copy, 16 t^rite, print, tw erigrtif e^ 
accordin|^ to an original : to transcribe : td 
imitate, to mitnic, to try to t'esemble. 

CopiEusEMENT, adv, bopiously, plentlRillyk 
•ahuiidantly, iti abtind&nce, iii large qtikn titles. 

CopiEtx, adj. copious, abundant, plebtlfol t 
flill, ample; bot concise : not btlH'eii, rich iii 
supplies. 

CopisTE, shi. tL copist, a topyist, a copier, on^ 
who co{)ies, writes, or transcribed from an 
original, a transcriber, an amanuensis : an 
imitator, a plagiary. 

CppREN>:un, <m. a joint-tenaht. 

CopROPRiiTAiRE, 5m. aJointpr6prietoif browner. 

Copter, va. to toll, to make the clapper of a 
bell strike on bne side only. 

CopULATTp, adj, that uhiteb or couples. Con* 
Jonction copuUitivet a copulative coiijuhbtioo. 

Copulation, (flcopiilatioh, th& act of coupling> 
the embrace of ilie sexes. 

CopuLE, xf, {log') copula, this word that joinA 
the attribute to the subject. 

CoQ, sm. a cock : the male of birds, particularly 
6( (i^lHhacedus fowld : a weathbrcbck. Co^ 
de bruyere, a heath -Cock. Coq d*Inde, a tur- 
key-cock. Co^ de viUage, thd chief inhabi- 
tant of a village. Au chant dU coq, it break 
olr ddy. 

t!0Q, sm. (a ptant) the iedoary. . 

Coq-A-l'Ine, sm. ind. nonsensiB, ft cock ana 
bull story. 

CoQUART, sm. {obs.) an old fool, a niniiy: , 

CoQUE, sf. the shell (of an SBgg, of awblniit, a&a 
the like) : the web (of a silk.wontl). J)ei 
ontfs d la coque, boiled eggs. 

CoQVECiokuE or Coq(jesi6r'ue, sf. \an aquatic 
bird^ an ibis. €o<fuesigr«ek, pi, ^dm,) idle 
Stories, idle talk, stuff. 

CoQUEMcoT, sf. a wild red poppy. 

CoQ^ELiNVR, rn. (ois.) to croi* like a cock. 

CoQUELouRDE, xf. (bot.) the pftsque-flower, i 
genus of anemone. 

CoQUELUcuE, sf. a hoot), h. cowl: ft gi^eat fa- 
vourite : the hooping-cough. II est ta ebque- 
tuche Sesfemmts, he is the favourite of- the 
fair. 

CoQUELtJciioN, fm. a monk's cowl. 

CoQUEMAR, sm. a Ix^iler, a tea-kettle. 

CoQUEREAu, sm. (jnor.) a lights):. 

CoQUERELLE, if. \a plant) the k'ed hight-shade» 
the winttor-oherry. 

CoQUERicoT, sm. the crowing of the cock. 

CoQUEkigvER, rn. to crow (as a cock). 

CoQvERON, sni. (mar.)th^ cook-room, th^ fore- 
castle. 

CoQtJET, sm. ft coquet, ^ coxcodib, indaildjr: 
{niar.) a cock-boat. 

Coquet, acj;. coquetish, desirous of pl'easihg, 

Coquette, sf. a cbquetle, a vain, gay, airy 
girl : 'a womah who Wisnes to Mtract notice, 
a jilt. 

CoQUETE^, vn, (Jard,) to coquet, to act t!hb 
lover from vanity, u> eiideavout to gfti^ ftd- 
lHairerA. 
102 



Gbli 

€dQVittttft;im;fcpoiilMt^j&hi|fg^lftf: idMi4r 

ftiegg^: te<»^g-(iup; 
Cot)UETTB!(tt, tf. coqUbtry, desire to iitttact 

admiration, affectatiOii of iJhorous ftdtahc^. 
CoOviLLAGR, sm. Ahiills, shell-fifth, shell-i^oric. 
CoQuiLLB, sf, a shell : (nfith printers) a wrong 

letter. CoqutllHi pt. ill mnS of trifling 

things. Rentrer duttt ta coquUU, to draw in 

one*i horns. 
Cd^uiLLEux, adf. ihelly. Ml of shelU, bon- 

sisting of Ah^iik. 
Go^uiLLifeR, s)n. a collfcctidii of shells. 
CoQuiLLi&RE, adj, and sf. (nat. hisi.) ttiixod 

iHthshfells. 
CootJiLtoK, sm. ft ftmiill Ahell. . 

Coquin; sm. a rogue, a r&scal, a ^eUolr witnout 

principle : a knave, a thief. 
CoQuiN, adj. Mean, roguish, idle; rftteally. 
CoQuiNAiLLE, sf, K pack of rogu'cs, ft set of 

sconiidrelil. 
CoQuiNE, sf. a bad womftn; A Jilde. 
CoottKER, vn. to t^lfty therogue, to lead &be^- 

garly life : to loiter. 
CdouiNEHiE, if. knivery, a roguish trick. 
.CoR, sm, ft corn (on the foot) : ^ui.) ft bom. 

Cm* de Crosse, ft Freilch horn. Donn'erlSlit co^, 

to blow ft windhom. Atfoir dis eors aux 

jftieis, to be troubled with corns. A eor et 

d cri, adv. etp. with hde iXiA cry. 
CokAtt, Ml. tbtiXi ft ihftrine plant, the insiJte of 

which is calcareouA. Dis Uvres de coral, 

rosy lips. 
CoRAiLLEURi sm. R contl-fishbt. 
CoRALLiK, Adj. cor^iiie, red fts total. 
Coralline, sf. cordlitat*-, ft subtaiarin^ plfthi re- 

liemblin^ some specieA of moS6 : ft boftt usM 

in the cbral fishe)ry. 
CoRALLoliDE, adj, cotftUoid; torftllq^dftl, te- 

semblin^ c6tk\. 
CoRBEAU, srh: (ft bWd) ft Tftveii : One ivho 

buries the dead during the plagu§ : (jetrch,) 

a corbel, ft bracket : {nst.) corvus, ft boh^tel- 

Ifttion of the Southern heknispherb. 
CohftETLLE, sf. ft li^bt osier-baski&t. Vorbeille 

de ^nartaget weddlhg-present^. 

CORDEILLKE, sf. R bssketful.. 

CorsiLLaro. sm. ft carriage ia which thd dbld 
are conveyed to the graVe, ft hea^e. 

^oRiiiLLAT or Cor BiL^LOTr sm. a yo\ing rav^n. 

CoftBiLLON, sm, a small flftt basket: ft 6ort of 
cbitdren^is play, brambo. 

CoRi^iK (b^c de), sm. {ofA.) ft bkttU-ftxe. 

Cordage, sm, the coVda^ge &r rigging of i ship : 
ropes Of all sotts : the meftsurnig of wood by 
the cohl. 

Cord AG Eft, vn. toibftkerppes or cords. 

Cord AT, sm.^ ftortof packmg-cloth. 

Corde, sjT. jBi cord, ft rOpe, ft string, ft Ime : ft 
cfttgut ! the halter, thh gallows : ll mMte ta 
cmdef he deserves hah^njg. Hofbme de sae 
et (U eorde, ft fogue, ft villain. Ke touchohs 
pas cette corde-Ut, let tfi not tftlk o? that. 
Avoir plusieurs cordes a soii arc, to have two 
Strings to one's bow. 

CobbEA\j, sm. ft linov \ 'MA^ 'whei^1>y to lay 
out straight. Une rue tirte au arrdea\i, a 
itttngki tftrddt. 

Cy^'ftDkLsftf va. to tMkt, ttt twine. 



COR 

CotULRTE* tft t small eord w ltn« s rolilniis. 

CoBBBLiiEi tm. a FitDAiflcan friar, 

CoiDEuias* sf. a Frandacto nan : a Francis- 

can's girdle. 
CoaBKiLB, ^. a small cord to draw boats ; a 

party, a gang. 
CoiD£R, «a. to twistf to bind or tie with cords. 

Cordtr du foil, to measure wood by the cord. 
CoBosa (fle), er. to grow stringy. 
CosDBBiE,^!^'. a rope-wallc, a ropery : the art 

ofrppe«mafcing. 
CoSDiAL, <m. a csfdisl, a strengthening medi- 
cine. 
CoEDiiL, m^, eordial, affectianate, sincere, 

hearty : reviving, invigorating. . 
CoaDULBMisiT, orfB. cordially* heartily, sin- 

ceraly.with real affection. 
CoRDULiTi, sf, cordiality, sincerity, sincere 

afaetion and kindness. 
CoaniEB, s». a rope^niakef or sellerk 
Coanoy, fsi. a band, a lace, a string, a twist. 

Cardro d« cAapeau, a hat*band. Cordon de 

tm^i a cordon of troops. Cordon d*un€ 

■iwiarig , the edge of a coin. 
CoaDONNSKt «a. to twist, to braid, to weave 

together : to stamp coin, to mill. 
CoBDONNERiK, tf'. the shoemaksr's trade. 
CoRooHvrr, im. a amall twisted laee or edging : 

biaid. 
CoaooxKiER, SSI. a shoemaker. CiHrdonmer 

pmtrfmme, a ladies' shoemaker. 
CoaoovAN, sm. cordwain, eotdoran or Spanish 

laathert goat-skin tanned, and dressed. 
CoRDouANiER, ffK. s cordwsiner, he who pre- 

paiea eofdovaii leather. 
CoftiACB, s^. tongh as leether (ipetddng of 

Mat) : hard, rongh. Homme toriace, (Jam,) 

ft «m^stad fellow. 
CoaiAxoRE,- ff. coriander, a plant that has a 

strong amell, andin nuidiaine is considnred ai 

ttaiaadiic and carminative. 
CoaiKTRtftK, mm (^areh.) the corinthian order, 

the fttttth order in architecture. 
CoRiRtntstr, adj. corinthian, relating to the 

c^riathian ofdtr of arohitectore. 
Coaufcv or Covni^is, tm. a cnriew, an aquatic 

fowl with a long bill. 
Coanft e^ Borue, sm, (mfnUt) the service or 

wrb-apple. 
CoaHua,fM.anotb-epiple tn»e,the servie««tree. 
CoattORAK, Ml. a eoimonnt, the water-rsTen, 

a large fowl of the pelican kind : a-glutton. 
^titAt, mi. an elei^ant^Hdriver. 
CoasAMirtv tmk. a cornelian or camelian, a pre- 

Qoos Mdm o€ a d^-red or reddish-white 

eploar. 
^taxRn, mn, (pi*p-) s oockold, he whose wife 

is fiuthless to his bed. 
Cttt)ik, ff'. a bom : the hoof of an animal : a 

on sal to bleed a horse. Comt d^ahondaptcet 

^ hem of plenty. Comodeeerf*, haityfaom. 

MtstieofirM, horifld eattla. Owragoa eortke, 

^ort.) homwork. Monffwr ie$ earket, to 

w» «m's teelii% 
Cotsit, tf. the cornea, the tnmsparent mem- 

liiMHi fit tim forepait nf the eye. 
CoRRRiLLE, sf. a rooky % bim reBembling a 



COR 

ConveMBifT|Sfli.th6 ting Ungorglowinf of theeaMj 

CoRNEHusB, sf. B bagpipe. Unjouour d$ esmtf- 

• muM, a bagpiper. 

Corner, «o. to trampet about, to babble out. 
Comor aus oroiUttt to buss in one's ears* 

Corner, vn. to sound or blow a hank t to spshk 
in a trumpet (to a deaf man) : to tingla 
(speaking of the ears). 

Cornet, sm. a horn : a deaf person's, trompet: 
a dice* box t an inkhom: a rolled pspsr* 
Comet d ventonsest a capping-glass* 

CoBNETiSR, fm. a homdresser. 

Cornette, tm. a comet, an officer of cavalry^ 

CoBNBTTB, ff. a lady's nightoap. 

Corn icuE, tf. (ofeL) a cornice, in omamsntal 
projeoture in ioinery or masonry t that Which 
crowns an order. 

Cobniohon, am. a Uttle horn: a gherkin* 

CoRNiiRE, tf. a sloping drain on the tops of 
housed. 

CoRNiLtAS) sm. (a bird) a young rook« 

CoRNouiLLB, sf'» the cornelian cherry, the dog- 
berry. 

CoRNouiLLER, 5m. a comel-treo, a cornelian 
tree, the cornelian cherry or dogwood* 

CoRNu, Qt^. homed, haying horns t sbtunlt »• 
dioulous. Bi€ tomHf spoiled whest* (In 
argument comu, an absurd aiynmsnti 

Con NUB, tf» (ckem.) a eucubito, aehemiasal ves* 
sel in the shape of a gourd. 

CoRNup^DE, adj. an animal with homy feet« 

CoROLLAiRB, SHI. R corollary, a conclnsion ^ 
consequence drawn from premises, or from 
what is demonstratod. 

CoROLLE, sf. (bot.) a corol or coroUa» the inner 
covering of a flower, a. petal. 

Co RON A IBB, sd^\ (^nati) ooron*ry» allied to 
artories and vessels. 

Coronal, adf, {anat. ) ooronal, belonging to the 
orowtt or top of the head. 

Corporal, sm. oefporal, a fineUndnoelothiibed 
to cover the chalice and host. 

CoftpoRATTON, sf eorpofation, a bodrnolitid or 
. corporate. 

CoBpoRiiri, ^. corporet^, the state of having 
a body, materiality. 

ConpoRBL, od/. in)rporeal, corporeous, having 
a body, material» Peine corporeUtt a corpo- 
real pain. 

CoRPoaELLBMBNTisdi;. corporeally, in body, in 
a bodily form or milnner, matertidly. . 

CoRpoRiFrcATioN, tf. (cAsNib) corperifieation« 
the embod3ring or making into a body. 

CoRpoRTPiBR, t«. {them,) to eorporify, to am- 
body, to form into a body. 

Corps, sat. a body, the nurterial substanea of an 
animal : a matter asopposed^to spirit : a bo- 
dy, a corporation^ a companr, a oeoiet^ of 
tkea* Corps de hgitt part of a houae, a suit of 
rooms. Corfu debectaiUet the main anay, the 
centre division of a fleet. Corps de r^aenee, 
the reserve. Corps da garde, a guaid-hoMS. 
Un garde du corps, a bodygfuaid. Un tafurps 
mort, a dead body, a earaasa, a corpaa* Cotft 
d'lut nstBttt*, the hull of a ship, i/n drikde 
iforps, a comioal fellow* Adv-, esfx. A som torpt 
d^tndanti with lUvctanee, agaSast ana's 
wdi, A ost|it f»dn^ dxmpenXBLy, hot d j oay . 



COR 

CoRPVLBNcs, sf. corpulence, bulkiness of body* 
excessive fetness. 

Corpulent, a^, coipulent, fleshy, bulky. 

ConpusouLAiRi^, adj. corpusciilar, Viorpascula- 
rian. Philotophie eorfniteuUi ire, the corpuscu- 
lar philosophy. ^ 

CoBPuscuLE, sm. a corpuscle, a small body. 
Les atomet sont de* corpuseu(«i, atoms are cor- 
puscles. ' ^ 

CoRRXCT, ad^. correct, exact, not faulty, free 
from errors. 

CoKRECTEMENT, od, oorroctly, exactly, accu- 
rately, without fault or error. 

CoRRECTEUR, <m. R corroctor, one who corrects, 
who punidies for correctioo, who amends 
Ikuks : (vnth frinUri) a reader, a reviser. 

CoRRECTip, Ml. a corrective, a lemtive. Iiu 
alcalis tont les corrtctifi de$ acidett alcalies are 
the correctiTOS of acids. 

Correction, rf, correction, the act of correct- 
ing : amendment, reformation : chastisement, 
punishment: animadversion, reprehension, 
reprimand, reproof: alteration, amelioration : 
(^rhet,) exactness, accuracy. 

Correction N EL, adj. relating to correction or 
punishment. Le tribunal correetionnslt (in 
France), a court to judge petty larcenies and 
misdemeanours. 

CoRRBCTRicB, sf. sho that amends or corrects. 

CorrAoidor, sm, a corregidor, a Spanish ma- 
gistrate. 

CorrAlatip, a<(/*<^orrelative, having a recipro- 
cal relation. 

Correlation, if, correlation, reciprocal rela- 
tion, correlativeness. 

Correspondance, sf. correspondence, corre- 
spondency, intercourse, by means of letters : 
the letters which pass between correspond- 
ents : friendly intercourse : reciprocal intel- 
ligence : union, friendship, intimacy: con- 
formity of sentiments, harmony. 

CoRRxspoNDANT, sm. R Correspondent, one who 
corresponds, one with whom commerce is 
kept by letters. 

CoRREspoNBANT, odj. Corresponding, suitable, 
adapted to. 

CoRRESPONDSE, vfi. to correspoud, to k^ep a 
correspondence with : to communicate by 
letters : to suit, to answer, to agree. 

CoRBEspoNDRB (So), VT. to be Well matched, 
to suit : to be congruous, to be adapted to. 

CoBBiDOB, cm. a corridor, a passage, a gallery. 

CoRBiGBR, va. to correct, to mend, to reform, 
to reclaim : to punish, to chastise : to tem- 
per, to allay. 

CoBBioxB (Se), vr. to amend,> to change for the 
better: to recant. 

CoBBiGiBLB, adf, m. /. corrigible, that may be 
set right, amended, or reclaimed : punishable. 

CoBBOBOBATiF, odj, corroborative, strength- 
ening. 

CoBBOBOBATioN, rf. coTToboration, addition of 
strength: confirmation. 

CoBROBOBBR, Off. tocorroborato, to strengthen, 
to give additional strength : to confirm. 

CoRBODANT, odJ. corrodaut, having the power 
of eorroding or wasting by degrees, corrosive. 

CoBBODXB* vo. to coxTwle, to eat away by de« 
104 



COR 

grees: to wear away. Vaeide niiriqvs eor» 
rode U cuivre, nitric acid corrodes copper. 

CoBBoi, tm. the dressing of leather : a bed- 
wall, alining of clay (to keep water in ponds). 

CoRBOMPRE, va. to coiTUpt, to iufoct, to putri- 
fy : to vitiate or deprave, to change from 
good to bad : to defile, to pollute, to pervert, 
to falsify : to bribe, to vitiate the integrity. 

CoRROMPRB (Se), vr. to putrify, to become pu- 
trid, to rot, to become vitiated. 

CoRRONPu, adj, and part, of corrompbe, cor- 
rupted, debauched, putrified, vitiated, spoiled: 
depraved, bribed. 

Corrosif, tm. a corrosive, a corrodent, any 
substance that corrodes. 

Corrosif, adj. corrosive, consuming, impairing, 
corrodent : caustic. Sublim^ eorro$if, corro- 
sive sublimate (of mercury). 

Corrosion, <f. corrosion, the action of eating 
or wearing away by slow degrees. 

CoRROYER, oa. to cuiTj oT dress leather: to 
line a pond or basin with clay : to hammer 
iron while it is hot : to shave or plane wood. 

CoRROYEUR, 5m. 8 curricr, a leather-dresser. 

CoRRVDE, tf. {hot.) wild asparagus. 

CoBBupTxuB, jm. a corrupter, one who corrupts 
or vitiates : a seducer : a briber. 

CoBRupTEUB, 04;. corruptiug, 'doprRving, se- 
ducing. Vn langage corrupteur, a seducing 
speech. 

CoBBuPTiBiLiri, if. corruptibility, cc^mptible- 
ness, susceptibility of corruption. 

Corruptible, adj. m, f. corruptible, liable to 
corruption. 

Corruption, tf. corruption, the act of cor- 
rupting: the state of being corrupt: putres- 
cence : wickedness, depravity, perversion of 
principles: impunity, depravation: ftlsifica- 
tion, bribery : things corrupted. 

CoBRuPTRicB, tf. a comiptress. 

CoR8, tm. (with hunttri) the horns of a stag. 
XJneerf dix cars, a full grown stag. 

Corsage, tm. pL the shape (of a person or of a 
horse). Corsage dil\6, a slender shape. 

Corsairs, «m. a corsair, a pirate, one who 
scours the ocean: aprivateer: theconuuander 
of a privateer : the vessel itself. 

Corselet, tm. a corslet, a little cuirass, a 
breastplate. 

Corset, tm. a sort of bodice, ladies* stays. 

Cortege, tm, a cortege, a train of attendants, a 
retinue. 

Cort&s, tm. pi. cortes, a national assembly in 
Spain : the bonds issued by that assembly. 

Cortical, a^. cortical, barky, consisting of 
bark or rind. 

Cortine, if. the brasen tripod consecrated to 
Apollo, Apollo's tripod. 

Coruscation, tf. coruscation, a flash, a sudden 
burst of light in the clouds or atmosphere. 

Cor VE A RLE, adj. m.f. liable to statute labour. 

CorvAb, tf. average, statute labour : an unpro- 
fitable labour or toil. 

CoRVETTB, ff. (fRor.) R corvot, a sloop of wsr, 
an advice boat. 

CoRYBANTE, tm. B Corybanto, the name given 
to a priest of Cybele. 

CoRYHBz, <m. (pot.) corymbtts, a tuft. 



COT 

CoRTnrriiiB, adj. (hot.y earjmWtman, bear- 
ing fruit in bunches ot berries. 

CoBYPHKB, jm. a corypheuS) the chief or prin- 
cipal of a company. 

Cos, sf. s hone, a whetstone for a rasor. 

CosAQUB, SIM. a oossac, one of the Tartar militia. 

Co'SBCANTE, sf. {geom.} a cosecant, the com- 
plement of an angle to ninety degrees. 

Co*9UGicBVR, fin. a joint lord of a manor. 

CosiKus, sm. (geom.) a cosine, the sine of an 
angle to ninety degrees. 

CosMBTtQuz, tm. a cosmetic, any preparation 
that helps to beautify and improve the com- 
plexion. It is also adjective. 

CosMiQUB, adj. (ast.) cosmical, rising or setting 
with the sun. 

CosMiQirBMBNT, odv. (oit.) cosmicslly, with 
the sun at rising or setting. 

CosMOGONiE, sf. cosmogony, the science of the 
fbrmation oftiie world. 

CoBHOGBAPHE, tm, s cosmogTapher, a man 
versed in cosmography. 

CocMOGRAPHiB, ^'. cosmography, the science 
of the general system of the world. 

CosMOoBAFiQUE, <u(;. cosmogrsphical, relating 
to cosmography. 

CosHOLOGiE, rf. cosmology, the science of the 
laws of the physical world. 

CosMOLOGKiVB, a^j* cosmological, relating to 
cosmology. 

Cosmopolite, tm. a cosmopolite or cosmopoli- 
tan, one who is at home in every place : a 
eitixen of the world. 

CossB, ,sf. the pod, shell or husk of peas and 
beans : a swad : the fruit of certain bushes. 

CossBB, vn. 0r Se Cossbb, vr^ to butt, as rams. 

Cos803(, sm. (an inttet) a commite, a weeril. 

Cossv, a4/. shelly, husky : (/am.) rich. Homme 
eotaHf a substantial man. 

Costa L, adj. (ofiat.) costal, belonging to the 
ribs. 

Costume, sm. costume, habits, manners, cus- 
toms, and dress, suited to places and times : 
the ait of treating a subject in conformity 
vrith ^storical truth : the mode of dressing 
aeeording to the different classes of society : 
the distinctive dress of a public functionary : 
a theatrical or masquerade dress : apparel. 

Costume B, va. to observe the costume, to dress 
according to a proper character. 

Costumer (Se), vr. to dress oneself according to 
an established mode. Cet acteur m eottume 
Um, diat actor dresses iu a proper character. 

Costumibb, sm. one who hires out costumes or 
naaquerade-dresses. 

Co-TANGENTB, if. (geom.) the tangent of the 
complement of an angle of ninety degrees. , 

Cote, sf. a numeral sign {adopted in public of- 
jUss). CetU pUee est wua la eot$ A, that 
paper )iea in the letter A : a quota, a share, 
a munber. We also say eote-part. Chaeun 
paurm sa eoU-part, every one Will pay his 
share. Cote mal taUUe (J^r.) composing 
by the lump. 

C^rs, ff. a rib : a sea-coast : a hill, a declivity : 

origui, eztmction : (arch.) a fiUet, a mould- 

iBg. Cote de meUmf a slice of melon. Bus a 

€9U, A <tocki]ig»« Adv. «xp. cots a eke, 

105 



COT 

abreast, side by side* A mt-e^t^, half way 
up the hill. 

C6tb*b6tie (vin de), an excellent kind of wine 
produced in the environs of Tain, on the 
Rhone. 

C6tb, sm. side, way, quarter: party. Le 
eoii de Vendroit, le e6ti de Venvert d^une 
itoffe, the right, the wrong, side of a stuff. 
// est mon parent du c6te de ma mire^ he is 
my relation on my mother's side. Us men 
e6t6, on my part. £/(e est toajcur$ k son eStS, 
■he is constantly by him. Le bruit en court 
de tout let cottt, the report is circulating, on 
all quarters. De quel cbt6 vout rangex-vout f 
whom do you side with 1 A ebti, adv. near, 
by, on the right or left. N'alles pat tout 
droit, preMt un pen d e6t^, do not go straight 
along, but turn a little aside. De eoti, side- 
ways, obliquely. Regarder de cAti, to squint. 
Mettre de eoti, to lay by or aside, to keep. 
II demeure a c6t4 de ehet moi, he lives not far 
from my house. De c6t6 et d' autre, adv. here 
and there, up and down. 

C6te-part, sf. a quota, a share. 

C6teau, tm. a hillock, a little hill. 

C6telette, tf. a mutton-chop, a cutlet, a little 
rib. Une cotelelte de eockon, a pork-steak. 
Une ebtelette de veau, a veal-cutlet. 

Coteb, va, to quote, to number. Coter let 
piieet d*un proves, to endorse the papers of a 
lawsuit. 
'Coterie, tf. a coterie, a friendly partT» R 
fashionable association : a society, a club. 

Cothurne, tm. a buskin, a high shoe worn by 
the ancient actors of tragedy. Chmttter le 
cothumt, to write tragedies, to talk in heroics. 

C6tier, adj. and tm. well acquainted with a 
coast : a coaster. Pileie cetier, a coasting pilot. 

C^txAre, tf. a range of coast : a border in a 
garden. 

CoTiGNAc, tm. qniddany; a marmalade, a con- 
fection of quinces. 

Cotillon, tm, an under-petticoat : a dance. 

CoTiR, va. (pop.) {tpeaJdng offruiU) to bruise. 

CoTisATioN, tf. sssessment, clubbing. 

C0TI8ER, va. to assess, to rate. 

CoTisER (Se), vr. to dub, to contribute jointly 
with others. 

Cotisbure, tf. the bruising (of fruits). 

CoTON, tm. cotton : a soft downy substsncsy 
resembling fine wool : down : a young man's 
beard. De la toile de coton, calico. Jeter un 
villain coton, to 'make a scorvy appearance, 
to look iU. 

Coton NER, va. to stuff with cotton. 

CoTONNER (Se), vr. to be covered with down 
(as/ruite) : to get a beard. 

CoTONNEVx, adj. spungy, soft (taid of fruit and 
roott) : covered with down. 

CoTONNiER, tm. a cotton shrub, a cotton-plant. 

CoTONNiNE, tf. coarse -calico. 

CoTOTER, tm. to coast along, to sail along the 
the shore : to walk side by side or along. 

CoTRET, tm. a cotret, a little faggot. 

CoTTE, sf. a petticoat. Cotte d*armet, a coat of 
arms. Cotte de maiUe, a coat of mail. 

CoTTEROir» tm, (oftf •) a short and narrow pet^ 
ticoat* 



GOU 

CoTtftBtriti im* B jtiiot f^ardiini • - 

COTYLKDON OT MOMBBIL DE VBITIIBi fM* (io(.) 

ABTfeliTort, a plant that gro#8 on rdcka and 
told wa^lfl. 

Cou or Col, <iii. the neck, that part which joins 
the haad and the bodj. Se oauer U cou, ti) 

- hraak one's neck, to undo oneself. Prendre 
$etjainhet i son eon, to take to one*8 heels. 

Cotf^RD,<in. (ofrt.) a coward, a dastard. 

GovABOBMBNT, odv. (o6<.) cowardlj,' dastardlj. 

C0UABBI8B, ef, (o6t.) cowardice, habitual fear. 

Couch A NT, en* the west, the Occident: oldaf^e, 
decay. 

CoucRANT, od/. Betting. Le toleil eouchant, 
the Batting sun. Utt ekien etmehanty a point- ; 
er. Faire U ehien efntchant, to cringe t 

CoucflE, tf, a bed : a bedstead : mamage t de- 
lirery, Ijing-in : child-birth : child-bed : 
chiid's-clottt: ahot-bed(inagardBh): asbike 
(at play) : a layer) a coat of colours : the 
butt-end of a gun. Unefanue couche, a alia- 
carriage. Sa femme est morte en eonehe, his 

' wife died in childbed. Couche de eham- 
pignons, a bed of mushrooms. 

Couch BE, sf, an iiin where one lies on a jour- 
ney : a night^s lodging; 

CoucuBB, vs. to put to bed, to lay. Cmtcftdr 
en joue, to IbtbI a piece, to aim at. Coucher 

■ par ^crit, to put down in writing. 

Covcbbr, vn. to lie down, to sleep. Cowher 
en ville, to sleep out. Coucher a la belU ^toi/e, 

. to Bleep in the open air. 

Couch SB (&e), vr. to go to bed, to lie down : 

' to set. 

CoucbbB, <m. oouchee, bed-time, the act of 

. going to bed : lying in bed : bedding : a place 
of repose. Le eouehtr du soleil, sunset. U 
eoudter dn roi, the kicg's couchee. 

Couch fciTB, sf. a couch, a small bed withbut 
curtains, a f>edstead : a seat of repoM. 

ConcHEUBi na.l a bed-feUow. Un mautms 

Couch EUSE, sf, J toucheur, b troublesome b^- 
fellow. 

CoucBis, $m. a layers a stratum. 

CoucHoiB, sm* a bookbinder's laying tool. 

Couci-couci, advi exp. (Jam,) no, so : indif- 
ferently. 

Coucou, sm, (a bird) a cuckoo : a bait«Q BtAw- 
berry -plant. 

CouVB, tm, the elbow : the next joint of the 
ttrm bBlow the Bhoulder: any flexure or 
angle. Hcuaer le conde, to tipple. 

Cpuo^B, $f. cubit : the length of the arm Irom 
the elbow to the end of the middle finger. 
Avoir ses eoMdies f ranches, to have elbow - 
XDefla> to be at liberty to act. 

CouDE-piED or Cov-DB-riBo, $m. instep. 

Cou DBA, va, to bend in the fortn of an elbow. 

CouooYEB, va. to push with one*B elbow. 

CouDuBiBOtt CounktETTBy sf. B groTO of haBBl- 
trees. 

CouDBAv, tm. a sort of tar. 

CounBB, M. and n. to sew, to stitch : td joiU) to 
Coudre du lifige, to 8e# linen. C&udre vn 
Hnge, to be a seamstress. 

CouDBB^ fBi. (0fo.) the Wild nnt-ti^^. 

CovBiiBBt va. (m».) to pirepare ioBtiiorw 

CouDBiBB, «m. a nut-tree, a hasel-trea» 
106 



GOV 

OovtywB, ffi iliB snraid or riftd (i( baeon« 

CouBNNEux, atiji swaidy, swardlihe: 

GouETS, Mt. {mttr,) the tacks of the 

CouETTE, sf, (ofrf.) a featherbed. 

CouLAGB, tm* leaking^ leakage. 

CouLAUMBNT, ndv. fluently, readily, freely. 

CouLANT, tm, a diamond-necklaioe. 

CouLABTf 9dJ, flowing, liquid* fluent: soft, 
smooth, harmonious* Namd cotUantt a nin« 
ning knot. 

Cqulr, tf, a cowl. 

CoulA, tm. (iff mutfc) a passage from one tune to 
another : (in dancing) a light, sliding step. 

CouLBE, tf, {with writing*matters) a running 
hand. 

CouLEMBNT, tm, B running, a flux, a floWk 

CouLBB, t«. to strain, to melt, to oonrey into* 
Coaler hfond, to Binkt to ruin« 

Goul^BB, vn, to flow« to run, to drop (as liquors): 
to trickle down (as tears) : to glide awBy, to 
alip, to circulate. 

CouLER (Se), trr. to slide away, to glide away 
without any noise : to slip, to creep. 

Coui.feun, tf', a colour, a suit (at cards): a 
pretence, an appearance, a show. 

Cou LEU Rs, t. pi. livery. Let fAitt emdears, 
the green sickuesB. 

CouLEuvBBE, sf, (s pfsfit) SBskewBed. 

Coui^uTBB, tj, an adder. Avaler deteoaUnvrtti 
to have many crosses. 

CbuLPVVBEAu, tm. a Toung adder. 

Coy LIS, tm, a cuUis : jelly, gravy : a filter. 

CouLis, adj, (always joined to rsnt) vn wnt 
eoulit, a draught) b wind coming through 
cracks and chinks* 

CouLtssB, tf, a groove) a gutter: aaide-soend 
df B Bt|ge : a scene in general. 

Couloir^ em, a strainer, a filter : part of a 
metal that runs out of a mould : (ofv^) a 
passagpe. 

Cou LOIRE, sf, a colander, a sieve, a strainibr* 

CovLi>B, tf. {ohs,) trospasB, sin* 

CouLUBB) tf, a sort of blight: the falling of 
grapes : {with founders) Uie patt of a metal 
that runs out cf a mould. 

Covf ^ tfMk a Mow : a wound, a scat : a throW) a 
stir)ke, B time, an action, a deed, an evlant. 
CiHip de poingi, a euflT. Cbop rf« pitd, b kick. 
Gotip d\t dtnt\ a bite; Cottp d'teil, a glance, a 
prospect. 0»»p de tite, «fs detetpoir, an act 
of despair. Coup de Umgue br de b», back- 
biting. Coup cW pineeau, a stroke. Con» de 
fluii^y a dash With the peii. Oovp de jiiet, 
a cast of the ttet. Cowp detijffttty faisaing. 
Coup de chapeau, a bow^ a pulling off the hat. 
Cinip d*e»tai, a trial, an attempt. Couf <fd 
maitre^ a master-stroke. CMip di tft^tftrt, a 
striking «v«nt. Coup d'eftft, a piece of grBat 
policy. Ctftip de gr&ce, B flttishing blow. 
Cokp dehntard, k mere chance. C<wp de 
bonheur, a lucky ev6nt. Coup du cA^» de la 
providence, an act of divine prsTidenoiK Coup 
defbudre, a thundetbolti Coup de tonnerHi a 
thunderclap. Coup de vent, a gUBt of Wihd. 
' Coup ^ Wr, a biHoWy a gi%at mlUng WBv«. 
Coufde vtn, Ik glaBs of Wine. Coikp dtfouet, 
a kshk CMif d*Sp^, » thniHIt. Coup de ctn- 
Mm>*«Cnii«ttb««» Ctiip^jfWii,«'guttlkot. 



cou 

Cmip ie ptfttffer, ft piitol-shOi. C&tip ¥MilrUl, a 
■Rt4 Uo#. Coup inhptifni, va anforeMeti 
KcMfllit. Ctfttp <f» Jttr«i«c> an ntifbraseen 
Uo#. Cotfp oVrlat, ftn exploit; Coup de 
9tfM, fta oTethetdiif of th^ bmn by tfa^ Kan. 
ii^v. czp. tout d*un emtp, Undd^tAj. Tout a 
tmpf ill on a sudden. Aprh coup, too late, 
when it was over. A toat eoupt* at every 
tttML PdHt" U amp, orhtt oOap, bt this time, 
BOW for once. Enetftr un etmp, Mlo^ More. 
Coup tur eoup, ever and anelv. A eovp tikr, 
to a certsintj, withotit fldt. 

CorrABLE, tkdj. m.f. enlpable, firalty, gnilty of. 

CorrAiTT, sM. tbe edgis of a aharp instrament. 

CovPAsT, adj. ctitting, that cttta of divides. 

CotPK, sf*. a cut« a entting : a cut (at CAtda) : 
a cnp, a small vessel more wide than deep, 
conmonlr need to drink die wine in tb^ 
Lord's Sapper, Ufit c&upe d* argent ou d'i6tain, 
ft aitvfer or peirtef cnp. 

Coupi, «f. (tR lianHn^) a citt, ftcttttin|^ : a kind 
of postchaise : cutting out : {ateh.) ft Motion. 

Cours, sm, a coupee. 

Court Ap, sm. the cap, sniiiittit or top of a hill. 

Cocps-gohgk, sni. ft cut-throat plaee> a gam- 
bliog-boiise : a paltry public-hdusd. 

Cocpe-jarkst, Sift, ft cut-throat, an aasassin, 
a morderer. 

CoipiLLE, if*. (cAan.) h coppel m* cupel, a 
anail vissaet used in refilling metals. 

CoupKLLER, va. to asftat by the cOppel. 

CorPE-PATE, Mm. {with bakers) a dougb-knife. 

Cocpfta, vd. ftikd n; to cut, to cut out, 16 cat 
off! to divide, to fbll: to carve: to mix. 
Ontper la gorge, to murder, to kill. Coaper 
court, to cut abort. Couper ta tite, U) behead. 
Cemper «n eheval, to geld a hor^e. « 

Coupfea (S«), «r. to cut oneself t to contra- 
dict oneself. 

CocpEBET, sm, tt chopping-knife) a cleaver. 

CeupEBosk, sf\ {ehem.) eoppeTftd» Attlpbatft of 
metals or gre^ vitribl. 

CorpEBOsft, adj. rted, fuU of pimples, mddy. 
yiioge tonperosi, a ruddy face. 

CocpE-rftTE, sm. (o 5i)^*s piay) leapfrog. 

Corptua, sm. 1 a cutter, one who V^thers 

CoupiriE, ff*. J ghipeft. Vcvipew dt bouru, 
a pfttsb^etttterj a pickpockipt. 

CocpLB, kf. ft coujne, tw6 of tbe same species 
or kind. Une couple de souverains, a couple of 
•otvtttgtts. Une eouptt de Uvres, a couple of 
poonds : a brace : a leash (to tie doga). 

Cocht B , sm. ft couple, a pair, amale and female : 
hasMttd and wife, tin toupte hien wsbrti, a 
coopU well mfttched. 

CocpLEE, va. to couple dog:^, to chain together : 
ta Mge two M>ldieia together. 

CorptET, Ml. a couplet, ft stanfea of a acng. 
Coualets satiri^et, a lamp<yoo, a satire. 

Cbrpiin-Eft, vd. \oif-) ^ lampoon in couplets, 
to writs ft song against. 

Cocpoia, tai; a cutter, a long knife. 

Corpdta, m. Careh.^ a ctkpola, ft ftphericai vault 
at tike t^ of an eaifice, ft doftie; 

Cocpoy, sm. a remnant : a fthred : ft receipt for 
the fikretaat of stock, a divfdead, ft scHpv 

C^vt, ^. ft emut, a court-yaid. Basse^edur, a 
podtry-yaid: tliil CO(ii%> Ih^ ftlftcft^er^ 
107 



COU 

the ftorereign rOiides : tha «oiDrt» the hftU 
where justice is administefed t any juriadic- 
tiotl» civil , military or eccleaiasticaL Homme 
de la cour, a gentlemwi at court. Un hamme 
de cour, a courtier. Fait-e sa court to oourt. 

. Eau bcnite de cour^ deceitful promisesi 

CouRABj^E, aiy, (jotth hunters) that may be 
hunted. 

CouRADoux,sni.(mar.)the space between decks. 

Courage* sm. coUrage> brarery, intrepidity, 
valour, boldness : resolution, iirmneas, forti- 
tude, spirit of enterprise, heart: ardour, 
seal, passion: (speaking rf animaU) m9it\%. 
Auries'Vout te courage de m*abandouner? would 
yOu have the heart to abandon me 1 

Courage, int. cheer up I Prenez courage, man 
ami, cheer up, my friend. 

CouRAGEusBBtBNt, odv* couragoously, boldly, 
resolutely, paasionately. 

CouRAOBux. adj, courageoua, bold, resolute. 

CouRAMMENT, odv. Currently, fluently, readily , 
easily, without hesitation. 

Cou RANT, sm, a current, a stream: the. present 
month : the course, the way. Un courant 
d'ean, un courant d^air, a current of water, a 
current of air. 

CouRAMT, adj. current, flowing, running: pra- 
sent. Monnaie courante, current coin. An^ 
n^e courante, the present year. Un ehien eoU' 
rant, a bound. Le prix courant, the market- 
price. Adv, exp, Timl coutyant, currently, 

. readily. En courant, cursorily, in hasten 

CouRAwtE, sf. (a sort rf dance) a courant: 
(/am.) Q looseaefls. 

CouRANTiN, sm. a line-rocket« 

CouBBATU, adj. (man.) foundered, sore. 

CouRBATURE, sf, the fouuderiog of a horse : a 
painful weariness. 

Course, sf, (maih^) a curve : a line, which is 
neither straight nor composed of straight 

. lines : a crooked piece of timber : (vet.) curb. 

CouRRE, adj. crooked, bent. X<i^Me cottrhs, a 
curve line. 

CoUrbembnt, sm, ft bending. 

CouBBER, ra. to bend, to make crooked, to bow, 
to curve, to erook, to inflect. 

Courser (Se), vr.to stoop, to humble oneself. 

CouRBETTE, ^. (man,) a curvet, a particular 
leap of a horse, a prank. Faire des courbettes, 
to form curveta (ad a horse) : to cringe, 

CouftBETTER, Im. tocurvet(as a horse). 

CouRBURE, s/'. curvity, curve, crODkedneas* 

CouRCAiLLST, sBi. a quBilpipe, the noise of the 
quails'. 

CouRCET, sm, a bill, a hook, to lop i>«' prune 
ti^es with. 

CounciSE, "sf. (mar.) a half deck. 

Course, sf, (mar.) graving for a ship. 

CouREURv sm. a runner, a rambler, a running 
footman, a racer. Courexrs, })/. (mil.) scouts. 

CouREuse, if. (pop,) a gadder, a street-walker. 

Cot? ROE, sf. (a plant) a gourd. 

CouRiB, va, to hunt after^ to irequent, to run, 
to pftrsue: to travel - over : to drive fast. 
Courir Im posttt to travel, post. Courir ice 
ma^huns Hewe, to frequent bad houses. Cow 
rir te \mtaiita*ne, to gad a)K>ut» Courir risque, 
toruAtheclMBea. . 



X cou 

■ 

CorRTR, vn, to Ttm, to walk fact, to gad ap and 

- down, to ramble, to reach. Cmtrir de toutet 
tetforeet, & touteijambet, to run with all one's 
might. Courir d sa perte, a sa ruint, to.hasten 
to one's ruin, dmrir apres $on argent, to run 
after one's money, imp^ Jl court un libeUe, 
a libel is spread about. Le hruit court, there 
is a report. 
CouRLis, tm, (a bird) a curlew. 
CouRONNB, sf, a crown, a kingdom, an empire, 
a diadem : (^an Englhk coin) a crown or fire 
shillings' -piece. 
CouBONNEMBm-, sm. coronation : accomplish- 
ment, perfection : (mil.) ciownwork. 
CouRONNER, va, to crown : to finish, to bring 
to perfection : to adom^ to embellish : to re- 
ward, to recompense. 

' CouRRE or CouRiR, with that difference that 
the former is mostly used in the infinitive, 
and with the words eerfi^cicim or lievre, when 
it means to pursus a stag or a hare. 

CouRRiER, sm, a courier, an express, a messen- 
ger. Ccurrier de oMnety a state messenger. 

CouRROiE, sf. a strap, a leather string. AlUm- 
ger la courroie, to stretch a point. 

CouRRoucER, va. to irritate, to make ang^. 

CouRRoucER (Se), vr, to fly into a passion, to 

rage, to be in a Airy. 
CouRROvx, sm. anger, wrath, passion: (speak- 
*^g of the sea and the wind) rage. 

C0UR8, sm. course, way : vogue, mode : a pub- 
lic walk : a pnce-current. he cours de la na" 
ture, the course of nature. Co^irs de ventrct a 
looseness. Voyage de long eours, a long jour- 
ney or voyage. 

Course, tf, a running, a race : a journey, a 
voyage : an excursion : an invasion : a ca- 
reer : (mar.) a cruise. 

CouRsixR, sm. a courser, a charger, a steed,- a 
racer: (mar.) a chace-gun. 

CouRsoN, sm. the shoot of a vine, a tree (cut 
short that it may bear fruit). 

Court, adj. short, brief. Court d* argent, short 
of money. Cimr(r{etm«, short-sighted. Court 
de m^moiref of short memory. Un billet a 
courts Jours, a bill at a short date. 

Court, adv. short, at once. Couper court, to 
be short, to interrupt. Rester court, demeu- 
rer court, to stop short, not to know what to 
say. . Tout court,adi). bluntly. 

Courtage, sm, brokerage, brokership, factor- 
ship. 

CounTAUD, sm. a short thick men: a cropped 
horse. Courtaud de boutique, (ir{j.) a shop- 
keeper's man. 

Courtaud, adj. excessively short and thick : 
cropped. 

CouRTAUDER, va. to crop a horse's tail. 

CouRT-BouiLLON, sm. a peculiar way of stew- 
ing fish. 

CouRTE-BOTTB, sm. B shoTt Bud thick man, 

C0URTB-HALSINE, sf, anastfama, a short breath. 

CouHTE-PAiLLE, sf. (a soTt rf game) cuts. Ti- 
rereL la courte^paiUe, to draw cuts or lots. 

CouHTE-poiNTE, sf, counterpaucB quilt. 

Courtier, sm, a broker, a factor; an agent. 
Courtier de change, an exchange-broker, « 
stock-broken Courtter-de vin, a wine*broker . 
106 



COU 

I Cou AnNS, tf. .(fort.) a curtain* 
Courtisan, sm, a courtier, a flatterer, a fawner* 
Courtisanb, sf. a courtezan, a prostitute. 
CouBTissR, va. to court, to fawn, to flatter. 
C0URT018, a^. (it is growing obsolete) courteous, 

polite, civil, a&ble, gracious. ) 
CouRTOisEMENT, adv. (UttU vsed) courteously, 

civilly, graciously. 
CouRToisiE, sf, (little used) courteoueness, 

courtesy, elegance or politeness of manners. 
Cous or Coyer, sm, a hone, a whetstone. 
Cousin, sm. a cousin: a crony, a friend : a gnat. 
C0U8IVAGB, sm. cousinship, kindred, relations. 
Cou SINE, sf. a she-cousin, a female cousin. 
Cousin SB, va. to call one cousin. Ne pas emt- 

siner ensemble, (Jam.) not to be on good 

terms. 
CousxniAre, ef, a gause-cortain against gnats. 
CousoiR, sm, a sewing press. 
CoussiN, sm. a cushion to sit upon, a pillow. 
CouseiMET, sm, a small cushion : a quilted pto- 

macher: a pad, a pillion: 
Coysu, a^f. and part, of' couDRE, sewed, stitch- 
ed. Bouche cousue, mum ! hush ! be silent ! 
Coi^T, sm. the cost or price of a thing. 
Co^TANT, (aprix)'a<2i;. exp. at cost price. 
CouTEAu, sm. a knife, asmall ornamental sword. 

Couteau de ch€tsse, a hanger. 
CouTELAs, sm. a cutlass, a hanger. 
CouTELXER, sm. B cutlor, a furbisher. 
CouTELiiRB, sf. a case of knives. 
CouTBiXNE, sf, coarse calico. 
CouTELLBRiB, sf. cutlory, the art of making 

knives: the place where they are made or 

sold. 
CodTER, va. to cost, to stand in. 
CotjTE^ vn. to be dear or expensive. Les plat" 

sirs co&tent beaueoup, pleasures are very ex- 
pensive. 
Colter, v. imp. mostly accompanied by en, II 

m*en coUte beaueoup de vous d6plaire, I feel 

great reluctance at displeasing you. 
CotTt,vx,adj, codtly, dear, expensive. 
Cou tier, sm. a ticking or canvass-maker. 
CouTiL or Coutis, stn. ticking, canvass-ticking. 
CouTilLADE, sf. a cut, B slssh, B hack, a gash. 
CouTRE, sm, a coulter, a plough-share. 
CouTUME, sf, custom, habit, use, municipal 

laws. Avoir eoutume de, to be wont to, to be 

in the habit of. 
CouTUMiER, adj. customary. Droit etnUumier, 

the common law. 
CouTURE,sf'. sewing, stitching: a seam, a stitch : 

a scar. A plate couture, adv. exp. utterly. 
Couturier, sm. a sewer, a stitcher, a botcher : 

(anat.) the tailor's muscle. 
CouTURi&RE, sf. a mantua-maker, a seamsti^ss. 
CouvAiN or CouvEiN, sm, (nat, hist.) a brood 

of bees: eggs of bugs. 
CouvBB, if. all the eg^ on which a bird is sit- 
ting : a Drood, a covey : a set, a race. 
CouvBKT, sm.a convent, a monastery. 
CouvER , va. and n. to brood or sit on : to breed : 

to hatch, to incubate : to lie hidden, to lurk : 

to foment, to nourish. 
CouvER (Se), vr. (is only used impersoftaUy,} 

Jl se couve quelqtte mauvais dgssein, there is 

some mischief brooding. 



CRA 

CovTVECLS, tm, % corer, a lid. CouvereU ies 
ceoutilUt, («iar.) hatches. 

CovvxKT, sm. the eloth, plates, and other things 
generaUj used for a meal. Mettex U convert, 
laj the cloth : a plate with a knife, fork, and 
qioQVk. M§tt€S tin convert pour tnonrieur, bring 
a knife and fork for the gentleman : a belter, 
a plaee of refb^e, a cover, a shad j place : the 
roof of a building. 

CouTEKT (1), adv. under shelter. . 

CouTSBT, adj, covered. Payt convert, a woody 
cmmtrj. Tempt convert, cloudy weather. 
Mtreiteouvert de,tobe secured orsheltered from. 

CouvEBTs, tf. the glazing of China-ware: 
(mot.) a deck. 

CouTBRTEMBMT, odv. (<*«.) coTcrtly, socretly, 
in private. 

CouvERTVRE, tf. a cover, a covering (in gent' 
rml) : a blanket, a roof: a pretence, a cloak. 
FMTt la eouoertnre, to turn the bed. 

CoirvEBTv BiEB, fm. ablanket-maker or seller : a 
Bttker or seller of bed-coverings. 

CouvsTf nt. a sort of foot-stove. 

Coc VKVSB, tf. a sitting ben, a brooder. 

Covvi, adf. (nted only with cettf.) Un <tnf 
eonvi, an addle or spoiled egg. 

CovvBB-CHEp, fm. a covering for (he head. 

CovTBB-PBU, tm, a curfew, a fire-plate, a cover 
lor a fire : the curfew-bell. 

Covvaa-piED, tm, a covering for the feet. 

CouvBE-PLAT, tm, a dish-cover. 

CouvBBUB, tm, a tiler, a slater, a thatoher. 

CouvBiB, m. to cover, to lay or set over : to 
wrap, to infold or envelop : to clothe : to 
Ikide, to disguise, to conceal : to shelter, to 
protect, to defend : (tpeaking of animalt) to 
cover, to copulate : to leap. Couvrii'lU honte, 
to cover with shame, mott couvertt, am- 
iHgnons expressions. 

Coo V BIB (Se), vr. to wear a hat, to put one's 
hat on, to be overcast : to defend or cover 
oooself. II t'ett convert de gloire, he has at- 
tained a great deal of glory. Vont'vont 
eouvretde lumte, you load yourself with shame. 
CiMvm-ffoiu, monsienr, be covered. Sir. 

Co-v£MDEUB, flM. B co-vooder, one who sells 
along with another. 

CsABB. fm. (a fea thell-fitK) a crab. 

Cbabibb, fm. (a bird) a crab-eater. 

Cbac, fm. a crack, the sound of any thing burst- 
ing, a cracklinff or creaking noise. 

Cbac ! tj»f . suddenly. Croc / U voila parti ! 
there, he is gone all on a sudden ! 

Cbachat, fm. spittle, the phlegm or moisture 

2'eeled from the mouth,. the saliva, spawl : 
m cfOM or star of aay order, commonly em- 
bvoidered on a coat : a star. 

Cbacbement, /m. spitting, the act of ejecting 
phlegm from the lungs : expectoralion. 
Cradbcmfwi de tang, the spitting of blood. 

Cbacubb, «a. to spit. Cracker det injuret, to 
abase, to call names. Cracker le tang, to 
^it blood. 

Cbachbb, vn, to spit, to throw phlegm from the 
longs, to expectorate, to spawl. Cracker au 
IMS, to spit in the face. Cracker an batsin, 
(/m.) to contribute to with money. Tout 
tmcki, (m.) p«iftctly atike^ rasenuilisg. 
109 



CIIA 

Crac^bub, fm.l a spitter, a spftwling crea- 

Crachbvsb, f^. J turo. 

Crachoib, tm, a spitting-box. 

Cbachotemknt, sm, sputtering, frequent spit- 
ting. 

Cracik>tbr, vn. to sputter, to spit often and 
by drops. 

Craie, s/'. chalk, a calcarious earth of an opaque 
and white colour. Marquer avec de la craie, 
to chalk, to mark with chalk. 

Crainorb, va, and n. to fear, to be affected 
with fear, to dread, to approhend, to be afraid 
of. Je craint qn*ilt ne vienne, I am afraid of 
his coming. Je craint qn*il ne vienne pat, 
I apprehend that he will not come. 

Craints, tf, fear, the apprehension of impend- 
ing danger, a painful emotion excited by an 
expectation of evil : droad, fright, appronen- 
sion, awe. Crcnnte de or de crainte de, prep, 
(with the infinitive) for fear of.- De crainte 
9u«(with the subjunctive followed by nf) for 
fear, lest. Crainte de danger, for fear of dan- 
ger. De crainte de vout d^anger, for fear of 
disturbing you. De crainte qu*on ne vout 
trompe, lest you should be imposed upon. 

CRAENTiF,a((;.fearful, affected by fear, timorous, 
timid, wanting courage : afiraid, approhensive . 

Crain'^zvbment, adv, (obt,) fearfully, with 
fear, timorously. 

Crahoisi, fm. crimson, a tincturo to consoli- 
date colours, a deep red colour : a red colour 
in general. Sot en cramoiti (Jam,) an ass in 
grain, an arch-fool. 

Cramoisi, adj, of a beautiful deep red. Du 
velourt cramoiti, crimson- velvet. 

Crampb, tf, cramp, the contraction of a limb or. 
some muscle Of the body. 

Crampon, tm, a cramp-iron. Crampont defer 
a ckeval, the frost-nails of a horse's shoe. 

Cramponver, va, to fasten with cramp-irons. 
Cramponner un ckeval, to rough-shoe a horse. 

Cbamponnbr (Se), or. to hold fast, to cling to. 

Cramponnet, fm. a small cramp-iron, a staple. 

Cran, fm. a notch. 11 ett baitti d^un cran, he 
is a peg lower. 

CrInb, fm. (anat,) a skull, the bone that en- 
closes the head : (fam,) a bully, a madcap, 
a qu arrelsome fellow . 

CrInerib, tf, (fam,) a rash action, an incott- 
Hiderate enterprise. 

CRAPAUD,fm.(Tuxt.&tft.)a toad, an amphibious 
quadruped resembling a frog. Un erapaud 
de mer, a toad- fish. Un vilain erapaud, an 
ugly littie fellow. 

.Crapaudaille, better CRipODAiLLB, tf, a 
thin clear crape. % » 

Crapauoi&re, tf, a place full of toads: a 
swampy, dirty place. 

Crapaudine, tf, a toadstone, a stone supposed 
to be found in the head of a toad : (a plant) 
iron-wort, the siderites : (vet.) the malt- 
worm :. a grate (to prevent tiirt getting into a 
waterpipe. Pigeont d la crapaudine, pigeons 
cut open and broiled on the gridiron. 

Crapoussin, fm.l a short ill-shaped person, a 

CRAP0us8iNE,ff.J shrimp, a dwarf. 

Cbapule, tf, crapulence, gross intemperance : 
an habitual debanchezyt 



Crapuleux, lut/* crapulous, intemperate. 
Craquelin, gm, a cr^ckapli }| barjd brittle ^ike 

or biscuit. 
Craquement, sm, a cracking noise. 
Gff AQVsa, vn. to prack, to Qrackle, tp creak : 

(pop.) to fib, to tell fibe : to brag, to tell 

bpasttul stpri«s. 
C^AqiTf-fiiE, if. (pop.) a fib, a boastful story. 
C R AQu^TEMENTf 11^. a pouivulsion pf the muscles 

«r pf t)je jaws. , 

GR4f)UETB]^, ofi. topraclfle, to crepitate, to snap. 
G^AQUBua, m- \ a bragger, a boaster, a stpry- 

Orassane, {/I (j^ fruit) a «pr|^ of winter-pear. 
Qa4)|Si^ ff. aandriffo}' danjilruf, a scurf Pn the 

bea4, #curf at the root of Uie ha^r : dirt, 
. nastiness : rusticity, rudeuess : stingioes* : 

4ross. Cram dt la tiu^ dandrufi*. ^e dam 
. ^ crosifi Very meanly bom. 
CjjLAs^E, a^j, grpss, tbick, coargp. Jgnoranpe 

craifc, gross ignorance. 
G]}AS9sux, mi, a slovenly felloiir, a niggard, a 

miser. 
Grasseuxi adj, filtl^^, dir^, uasty, slovenly : 

stlngy> mean, sordid. 
Gf W&REy sm. a crater; t)xe aperture or VTputh 

of a volcano. 
Gravache, sf. a handwfaip. 
Ga^VATE, {('. a cravat, a ueckclpth. 
GgAVATS, ftn. (a cornLption pf ppoATS,} a 

Groatian ho^e, an Austrian trooper. 
G R A Y ON , «m. a crayon-pencil : a coloured stone 

Off mineral substance ospd in designing or 

tracing lines : a despriptiP^^ a sketch, ^ rough 

fbaught, 
Grayonner, va. to crayon, tp draw with a 

jiencil, to sketch, to miske a rough draught, 

to trace* to delineate, to putliue. 
Gi^AYPi^^EUB, tm. (a t^rm 0^' contempt) one who 

draw? w^th ^ pencf). 
G^AYOKNEjux, o^;. .chalky, of the nature of 

craypi;!. 
Cja^A^cE, sf^ a trust, a confidence : power, 

authority, credit, influence : a debt due to 
. one. Lutres d4 er^ance, credcuti^s, letters 

of credit. 
Gfi&ANciER, im. la creditpr, a perspu tp whom 
GRjEAKcjiRE^f/'.J a sum pf m^ney is due. 

CrtancierJ&cheux or importun, a dun* Cr^an- 
. fifsr fiypoihtcaire, a mortgageie. 
Ga^AT, jw. an usher to ^ riding-school. 
GrbatejuRj sm, ^ creator : the being or person 

that bestows existence, a maker. 
GR^ATBVit, gdj.. creative, having the power to 

create : inventive. Un genUi oriaUur, an in- 
ventive gefiius. Vne main crcatrice, a creative 

band. 
Qvik^Tiov, rf. creation, the act of creating or 
, causing to exist : promotion. Lacriationde 

Vhomme, the creation of man. l^ crtation 

det pairs, the creation of peers. 
G^BATUREt sf' a creature, a created being: 

a dependent, an adheiejgi,t. 
QiiiiCM^hl^t ff'» a rattle, a ;wooden toy which, 

when agitated, supplies the u^ pf a bell. 
Cr^cmjulle, f^. (fi, ]bir/i of ^ey) ^ )^9U»h * 

kind of hawk. 
110 



CRB 

Gb&cox, {f. a cntc)i, a gr%t«l mh or VWgfr 
for cattle. 

Geedbmcb, s^, a cupboard, a taUp near tbe altar, 

GaBojarLiTB, «/'. credibility, prediblenpsf, 
worthiness ofcredit, just plaim tp credit. 

Gabdit, sm. credit, a reputation of solvvjoili^ : 
trust, bqnour, reputation: estimation: ppwer* 
influenpe : a delay fpr payment. 

Credit (A), adv, upon trqst, to np pi)rppsp> 
without proof. Vpndrp or achntpr H crHitf U> 
buy or sell pn preflit. A uu rnoi§ ^ credit, 
at If month's credit, ^m (ictions de la bil^nq\ie 
^ont en grq^nd crtdit, |>aftkstpck 18 lA grefit 
demand. 

Grediter, va. (com.) to credit. Cr^df^ff 4Wp* 
somme, to give one credit fiof a sup). 

Grbditeur, sm. (com.) a creditor, one tp whom 
a del^t is owii^g. 

Ci^EDo, sm. (lap.) the a{^pi|t|e*| creed* 

Grbdule, a^. credulouSf easily deppiyed ; mi- 
suspecting. Trop er^4^lf* over-cr^dulons,. 

Grbdulehent^ ttdii, credulously, in an ui|»i>s- 
pecting manner. 

Grbdulitb, ^\ credulity, pasipesf of Wipfi 
credulpusness, 

Grber, va. to create, tp fpi??^ pat of uptbiPg* 
to give ex&tence, to causp to exist, to pro- 
duce, to generate, tp beget : ^ make or fprpii 
to found : to settle, tP cpntiact, tP invent. 
Cr^er U7ie rpnte, tp settle ai) imnuit^. Cr^ 
des dettes, to contact debits, to ru|i intp dP^- 
Se crier des ennemif, U> create enpfni^* 

GaBMAii^LBBE, sf, a pot-hsug^r, Pendre h Cf^r 
mailLexe, tp have a hpuse-wexming. 

G»BMAi)«LO)i, spt. a small ppt-hangpTi a bpok. 

GaiMEy sf. pream» the head or pily part pf milk : 
tHe best pf a thing. Frontage a la erepte, 
pream-chpp^ef Creme de tartre, prpam of 
tartar. Crtmefouettte, whipt-cream* 

Ga/KM K^T, am. (gr.) incrempnlt : (rhetf) climax : 
aUuvipn, accretion. 

Grbmer, vn. (^ahifig of m^) to cmun, to 
gather cream. 

GfiEviBBpii sf. a milkiwpms^, a milkn^d* 

Greneau, sm. a battlement, a notoh at the top 
of a Tvall, a loophole » a pinnacle. 

Cr^nblage, sm. the milling of a cpin. 

Gr^neler, |i#, to makebattl^mepts : tp indent, 
to notch. t 

Gabnelurb, sf. ipdppting a nptch in the fprm 
of battlemetits. 

Grboi^e, sm. and/, a Greole, a oatiyp pf Ame- 
rica desceuded from ]£urppean ancpstpr*. 

GaBpApE, sm. the glossing pf crape. 

Gr^pe, sm. a ciiap,e, a jthiii transparent stuff 
made of wool or raw silk : a hatband (made 
of the same stulT, much used in mpurning). 

GrApe, sf. a kind of pancake. 

Cni^PER, va. to curl, to fprm into ringlejts, 
Creper Us cluveux, to crisp tha hair, 

GvipER (Se), vr. to crisp, to become crisp. 

C^EPi, sm. plaster ^r nuu'tsrspjceadpverawall* 

Gr^pin (Saint), sm. (fam.) a bag cpptaining 
all the topis of a 0jtrpUing cohUer : (pop!) 
one's all. 

GaipiNF, sf. a 9PD^ of fiingp* 

Ga^piNBTTx,!/*. isprti^sauMge rowd andiat. 

Ga^rajW. iP pwet, to iPngUcR^t « jnil: 



CftE 

(mik kaOnr'irmm) to Wft^i toUiai Mito 

gnin. 
CuiriHWvw, !». f pumt^i : . 8 eonDBpn pi|intor. 
Ckbpissube, «f. pargetings the TDUgbcaeting of 

awtll. 
CiipiTATiov, if. (crepiutioa, a crackling ooiM 

(pardcularij from the flame of a fire). 
CBj|poiiAii.Lft, sf^ ga«ae-(Braper 
CtlroK, m. (a «tii#) a very tliick crapQ» 
Ckbpu, 04}^*. cjrifpea or cufled. 
CaircscvLE, en. cr^uMKule or crepuscla, the 

light of Oie momifig ftonA th« $ret d^vrn to 

sooiifle, and of the erening from ^uvset tp 

darkseai: tvriUgbt. CrdpuKuU du wr, owl- 

CasQuxEE, mt. a wild pliun-tree : (^0 e 
MfML-lManehed flambeau <rr oapdleatick. 

Cbuseav, ffsi. 9 aprt of wool-^tiiff. 

CtEftsov« «». (« A«ri) enwa* cresaef, wat0r- 
cresses. 

CscssovNiiiiVy {f. acvMsea-i^t, » place wherf 
cKssesgvow^ 

CRETAci. a^, cTOtaceoos, chalky, abounding 
vith chaUc. 

CiiTE, if. a fiTWt, a top, a tuft, ^be comb of 
s coik er of a beo. Cr$t4 tU foq, (a pUtnt) 
the cockscomb or housewort. Crit$ d$ ens- 
fM, the enMt of a helmeL 

Ctthk, «4^'. created, tufted. 

Cketbler, vn. to chnekle, aB » ho^ <tM8 when 
ibe baa laid an egg, 

Cbetin, mi. a wen : a name given tp certain 
ialnkitaBfa of the Alps, who, beaidss beinff 
•obieet to swelUaga on the neck, are d«ai, 
<mb a^ atupid *. an idiot. 

CEirzyisME, $m. the iafirmi^ to which certain 
inhabitaBia of tho Alpa are subject. 

CktmtB, M». .pi* the residuo of the pellicles 
coatsined is the tallow before it i» melted. 

Ceetorvb, ^'. a aert of linen doth. 

Ceeoseiiskt^mi. (tfbi.) ezcayation, dignng, 

CaEctEE, w. to dig, to turn up the earth with 
t spade or other aharp instrument, to ezpa- 
Tste, to hoUow, to aiake hollow, to ^Laepen : 
to seaich or dire into, to examine Utoroughly. 

Crecser (So), to become hoUow, So crouter 
k MraasK, U UUy to rack one'a brains. 

Ceedset, mi. s omeibloy a chemical Teasel or 
■ellingpot. 

CaavK, sai. a hdo, a pit, a faoUow : a hollow- 
nesB, a cavity : a cast, a mould* Un beau 
otmt, a fine hetiow roice. 

Ceevz, a4/. hoUoF* deep: empty, fooliah: 
▼ain, chimerical* Vu vemtro creux, an empty 
hcUy. Corvtau crous, an empty pate. 

CaEcz, ada. in a hoUow moaner. So/mer eroux, 
la be • TieioBary. 

Cbetaillb, i/. (pop.) a gutling, a steal where- 
in aach of toe guests eat to excess. 

Cbevasse* if, a device, a cradc, a fissure, a 
cleft, a chap* a g^» J)u orooasou oux WMinSy 
chaps in the handa : (vet.) aoratchea* 

Cretasser, m. to crevice, to oiaok, to bseak : 
t» flssr, to deaTe. 

Crbvabser (^Se), or. to split, Jkn bncat, to chap. 

CaiyE*oiEPa,jBul»art-<breriring» grief of heart 

Caavu, «a.toJMMk, toiaar»tor^: tokill. 
Cnftf (fi MUX d 4|i«^|«*«ii» td Mit Mft'a ores 
111 . 



. ^af. GumUt}ieiux, to Uari^ht bdfi^ra ^^ 
ey^f f Cr^iwr un chevfil, to ifill a horao witb 
fadgu^. 

CrevsRi t»». to bifrst, to dip. Qrovor d$ riro, 
to split o^^'s sidoa ^^^ laogliing, Crowr) 
dofaimt di mj\ tp be excessively hungry or 
thirsty. Crtver dfi d^t, d*$nvie^ to burst 
with spite or cury. 

Crevi&r (Se), yr, (jaifiJ) to eat till one \a ]va4y 
to burst, Se crevfir do travail, defutig^^, to 
overwork o4l^elf« to kill oneself with fatigue. 

Crevettb or CurevettEi fft (o sea sheU-jUh} 
a shpmp, a pra^'n. 

Cri, tm, a crv, ;^ shrink, a scream : acoiaplaint, 
a lamontatlop. Cri public, a proclamation, % 
public cry. Cri de guerre, a wi^blFOfd* 
Crt do joie, a sboi^t, a bollQiring. A cor ft 4 
cri, adv, exp, with hue and cry. 

Criailler, vtt. to bawl, to $co\d, to cry» to 
clamour. 

CRiAi{.LE9^ia« ff. bawliiig, clainonring, clamour* 

Criaillsur, 9m, 1 v _!♦ 

Cl.IA.LL,«?«. tf. i » '»»'^'»f "^ "^ "«»»• 

C RIANT, adj. glaring, unjust, iniquitous : ahaii^e* 
fill : loudly calling for redress. 

IC91ARD, a({l. clamorous, noisy. Dette$ eriardf§, 
dribbling debts. It is also substantive^ C'est 
un crif^rdi.jie is a noisy fellow. 

Cj^iAROE, {f. thick gunuped cloth. 

Caiai-E, sn^. a sieve, a bolter, a sfiarce, Forc£ 
commo «n crible, full of holes. 

Cribler, vtt. to sift, to separate by a aioFe, to 
riddle, to aearce. Cribli de bLmures, covered 
with x^Qunda. Cribli de tUttes, (Jam,) ovej 
hea4 and ears in debt. 

Cfi}»hEv^, tm. a ^tor, one who sifta, a searcer. 

Criblures, sf'pL sifungs. 

Crib^ati.o^, ^'. (pharm*) cribr^tion, the act of 
sifting or riddling. 

Cri€, sjpi.a jockf aneagiae to lift heayy burjdena* 

Cric-crac, tm. A claahing, a creaking noise. 

Crij&b, sf\ a^ aiiction, a public notification of an 
auction. Sot biotu tout en cri^e, hia or her 
estates a|w afiUiAg by aiM^tion. 

CaiER, ya, to cry (gooda in the atreeta) : to 
proclaim, to promulgate : to chide, to acold : 
to s^U by auctiopK. 

CaiER, VA. to cr^« to utter a loud voice, to 
exclaim with vehemence : to squall, to scream, 
to bawl, U> lOOoipLain, to tamper, to find fault 
with, to jav/eigb against : to shout, to hol- 
low. Crier a tue-tite, to scream or roar aloud. 

CaisRjBy ^'. a cry, an outcry, a clamour, a 
complaint : a aquaUiog, a baiirliog, a scoldiog. 

Crieur, «m.1 a crier, one who cries goods in 

CaiEusE, {f./ the streets. Un crisua'^pukUct 
a crier. 

Crime, sm, a crime, any great wickedness^ any 
sitrocioua actioo : a m^eed, an pffeDce, a 
sin. Crime de leze'tnajest^, high tresaon. 
Cria^ dg leso-nation, a crime ogainat the f»-» 
tion. Criirie capital, a capital crime. 

CaxMiKALia^R, 9a. Oi''**) ^ Visk^ a caae cri* 
minal. 

CMutiifAhiflixm, tmp. a writer on primioal juria« 

.panMliDoca* . . 
CaiMES'Bi., tm, a criainal» |k yjolatpr of lajr^ 

hmiik 9r divi^ m oSui^TM • ii ala faate f * 



CRO 

Criiiinsl, a4j» criminal, partaking of a crime, 
involving in a crime, guilty, faulty. Crimitul, 
opposed to civil. Action criminelle, a crimi- 
nal act. Code eriminel, a criminal code. 
CitiifXNELLEMBNT, adv» Criminally, in viola- 
tion of public or of divine law : wickedly. 
Crinal, «m. (^chir.) Anel'a probe. 
Cbin-cbin, fm. a wretched violin, a fiddler. 
Crin, tm, horse-hair. Les crint du lion, the 
mane of the lion. Un sommier de crin, a' hair- 
mattress. 
Crxnicr, fin. a hair- worker or seller. 
CriniArb, tf, a horse or a lion's mane : (/am.) 

an ugly head of hair, a paltry wig. 
Crinon, fm. a small worm that breeds under 

the skin. 
CaxQus, ff. (mar,) a small creek, an inlet, a 

bay or cove. 
Criquet, <m. a tit, a little horse (generally in 

contempt). » 

Crisb, sf, a crisis, the last effort of nature, the 

dangerous uid decisive state of an affair. 
Crispation, sf\ (jfhy,) crispation, contraction, 

corrugation. 
Crispbr, va. to bring on a crispation. 
Cribskhemt, «m. gnashing, collision of the 

teeth. 
Crxssbr, va. to gnash, to collide the teeth. 
Crista L or Crystal, fm. crystal, an inorganic 
body which assumes a regular form : a species 
of glass more perfect than the. common glass. 
Crittal de roche, pebble or rock-crystal. 
Cristallin, fm. {opt,) the crystalline humour. 
Cristallin, adj, crystalline, consisting of crys- 
tal: bright, transparent: pellucid, limpid, 
pure, clear. Dee eaux ijpttaUines^ crystalline 
or limpid waters. 
Crista LLI8ATI0N, tf, crystallization, congela- 
tion into oiystals. 
Crxstallxser, tu. or Sb Crxstalliseb, vr, to 

crystalize, to congeal into crystals. 
Criterzum, fm. (lat,) a criterion, a standard of 
judging: a 'mark by which the truth of in- 
tellectual objects is distinguished. 
Critiquable, adj, censurable, liable to criti* 

cism. 
Critique, sf, critic, critique, a critical exami- 
nation, critical remarks, the science of criti- 
cism. 
Critique, fm. a critic, a criticiser, an exami- 
ner, a judge, a censurer : a msn who finds 
fault with every thing. 
Critique, adj. critic, critical, relating to criti- 
cism : apt to find &ult with, censorious : de- 
cisive, perilous. 
Critiqubr, va, to critic, to criticise, to write 
remarks upon, to examine nicely : to censure, 
to animadvert upon. 
Critiques, vn. to play the critic, to find fault 

with. 
Critiqueur, fm. a criticiser, a man who finds 

fault with. 
Croabsememt, fm. the croaking of a raven or 

crow. 
Croasser, vn, to croak, to caw or cry as a raven 

or a crow : to bawl, to sing loud and badly. 
Croc, fm. a hook : a long sharp tooth of some 
•moials: asbimMr* Crocf« pi. long wbiiken* 



CRO 

Croc-bk-jambs, fm« a trippiog up the heeU : 
a sly trick for supplanting a rival. 

Croche, tf, (muf.) a quaver. DouhU'Croche, 
a semiquaver. 

Crocher, va, (mar,) to hook. 

Crochet, fm. a hook : a picklock : a paren- 
thesis. 

Crochets, pi, braces, fangs, tusks: curis of 
hair. Sur tee erockett, at one*s oirn expense. 

Cbocheter, va, to pick (a lock). 

Crocheteur, fm. a street*porter. Crocheteur 
de terruret, a thief who picks locks. 

Crochbton, fm. a small hook. 

Crochetons, pi, a porter's crotchets. 

Crocuu, adj, hooked, crooked. Avoir let mains 
eroehuet, to be light fingered. 

Crocodile, fm. a crocodile, an amphibious 
animal of the genus lisard : (rhet,) a captious 
and sophistical argument {little used in this 
tense). 

Crocus, fm. a crocus, the safiron flower. 

Croire, va, and n. to believe, to think, to ima- 
gine, to suppose, to presume. Croire it 
quelle chose, to rely upon a thiug. Je vout 
croit, je vout en croit, I believe you. Croire 
en Dieu, to believe in God. Faire croire, to 
persuade. 

Croisade, tf, a crusade or crusado, a military 
expedition undertaken by Christians for the 
recovery of the Holy Land. 

Crois^, fm. a crusader, a person engaged in a 
crusade. 

CROissi, sf. a window : the sash or casement 
of a window. CroitSe cintr^e, a bow-window. 

Croisement, fm. crossing. Croitement d^6pies, 
the crossing of swords. « 

Croiser, tMi. to cross, to lay crossway, to set 
across, to cancel, to strike out : to thwart, to 
obstruct, to hinder, to counteract. 

CroisBr, vn, {mar,) to cruise, to go a cruisiiig. 

Croiser (Se), vr, to set cross-legged : to en- 
list for the holy war : to lie athwart one an- 
other, to meet one another on a road : to 
oppose one another : to contradict oneself. 

Croisette, sf, (boi.) cross- wort, a plant of the 
genus Valantia : {her,) a croslet. 

Croissur, fm. {mar.) a cruiser, a captain or 
ship that cruises, a sea-rover. 

Croi^i-^re, sf, a cruise, a sailing to and fro in 
search of an enemy's ships, a rendez-vous 
for cruisers. 

Choisillon, fm. the cross-bar of a window. 

Croissancs, tf, growth, growing. h*uge de 
croistance, the growing age. 

Croissant, fm. a crescent, the moon in a state 
of increase : a half-moon : the Turiiish stan- 
dard : the Turkish empire : a pruning-hook : 
a chimney-hook. 

Croissant, adj, crescent, increasing, growings 
Sedition croittante, a growing sedition. 

Croisure, ff the crossing of a stuff. 

CroIt or AccroIt, fm. {ag,) the increase of a 
flock or breed. 

CfioiTRE, va, to increase, to enlarge (if only 
used in poetry), 

CroItrb, vn, to gprow, to wax, to thrive, to in* 
oressoj to swell, to multiply. Les jours com" 
mmcent d ervitre, the days begin to lengthen* 



CRO 

Cboix, {f. a ero0s : lonrow, trouble, afflietioii. 

La croix d*honntur, the cross of the legion of 

lioooar (in France.) Croik ou pile, a tOM np. 
Cbomobne, iM^ an organ- tmmpet. 
Caox, or Csasv, the same as Falun. 
CaoNK, tM. a wheel-crane in a wharf : a place 

of retreat for fish. 
CaoQUANT, <». (Jam.) a poor insigaificant 

wretch : gristle. 
Cboquaxt, adj. crackling, acranching. 
CaoQVANTE, ^*. a crusty crisping paste. 
CaoQUE-AV-BKL (a la;, adv. exp. with salt 

alone, without any dressing. Des Ugamet 

a. la rrogitf-au-ie^^plain vegetable^. 
CaoQUE- NOTES, im. (Jam.) a musician who 

has neither science nor taste. 
Ckoqure, ra. to cranch, to scranch : to eat 

voraciously : to make a rough sketch : (^am.) 

to steal with dexterity. Croquer U marmot, 

to daoce attendance. 
CaoQDET, sm. a thin and dry spice-cake (that 

eraeks under the teeth). 
CaoQUBva, jm« a glutton, a greedy got. 
CaoQciGNOLE.ff. afilip on the face : a kind of 

cake that cracks in one's teeth. 
Cbo<}viciioleb, va. to filip, to strike with the 

iii^r. 
Cbo^iuis, am, (voith paiHten) a rough sketch. 
CaoBSB, tf. a crosier, a bishop's crook or pasto- 
ral staft': a sort of bat to play with : the but 

end of a masket. 
C BOBSER, VA. to hit wlth a bat : (yop.) to abuse, 

to treat with contempt. 
Cbosseub, nn. he who hits with a bat. 
Cbottb, rf. mud, dirt : the dung of some 

aoimals. 
Caorri, adj, bedaggled, bemired. 
Cbotter, va. to dirt, to bedaggle, to bemire. 

lljait bien crott£, it is Tery dirty. Un atUeur 

eratte, a miserable scribbler. 
Cbotter (Se), vr. to get dirty in walking. 
Cbotteii, Ml. dry dung, 
CaouLANT, adj I tumbling down, falling* Un 

ptUaii crmtUuit, a falling palace. 
Cbouler, vn. to totter, to tumble down, to sink. 
Cboulxr, va. (un navire) to launch a ship. . 
Cbovlbment, mi. the sinking of a building, 

and the like. 

Cboulieb, adj. (ag.) boggy, sinking. 

CaooPADE, sf'. (man.) the bouncing of a horse. 

CaorpB, tf. croup, the rump, the buttocks of 

a horse : the top or brow of a hill. MonUr 

en croupe, to ride on horseback behind 



Cnovvkt adj. (man.) chctal hien croup^, a 

iMTse with a fine croup. 
Crocpbton (a), adv. exp. squatt'ng. 
CBot'piBB, sm. a crouper, an assistant in gam* 

iag : a partner, one who goes for a share. 
Croupibbe, ^'. the cropper of a horse. 
CaovpiOM, Ml. the rump, the end of the back- 



Croopir, vn, to sta;jd, to have no' current or 
streaflB, to stagnate. Croupir dan$ U vice, 
dans Im paretfe, to live in vice or idleness. 

Crovpissart, adj. standing, stagnating, not 
iowiag. Dee etna eroupimtntei, standing 



113 



CRU 

CaoupissBMBVT, Ml, (pAy.) the stagnating of 
matters in the body. 

CaousTiLLB, 5f< a little crust of brsad. 

CaovsTiLLER, vn. to eat small crusts of bread. 

Cboustillbusement, adv. humorously, eomi- 
cally, in mirth. 

Croustxlleuz, adj. humorous, pleasant, oo« 
mical. Det contet erouttilicux, humoroua 
tales (almost too free). 

Cro^tb, $f. a crust of bread or pastry : a shell 
or coat : (diem.) a scab : (in painting) a 
paltry picture. 

CRotyTiER,.M». a paltry painter. 

CnoiyTON, sm. a crusty piece of bread. 

Croyable, a<Hj. credible, worthy of credit. 

Croyakcb, tf. belief, intimate persuasion* 
confidence, opinion. ^ 

C ROY ant, im. a believer, one of the faithful. 

Ca^, mi. soil, growth. Km da crd, wine of 
one's own growth. Cela est da votre er&, that 
is an invention of yours. 

Cru, adj. (formerly spelt cruo) crude, raw, 
not cooked or prepared by fire or heat : not 
worked, not changed from its natural state, 
imperfect: uncocted, undigested: rough, 
unripe, immature, ill-bred, unmannerly. 

Cru (a) adv. on the bare skin. Monter d 
eheval a cru, to ride without saddle. 

Cru, Cpart. of croirb) believed. 

Cr^, (part, of croItke) grown. 

CbuautA, sf. cruelty, a cruel action : savage- 
ness, barbarity, inhumanity. 

C RUCHE, sf\ a pitcher: a stupid fellow. 

Crvch^b, rf, a pitcherful. 

Cbucron, mi. a small pitcher : a booby. 

Cbucial, oifj. (chir.) crucial, transverse, pass- 
ing across. Incision cruciate, a crucial inci- 
sion? 

CrucifAbb, adj, m. /• (arch,) cmciferoos, 
bearing the cross : (bot.) cruciform, having 
the form of a cross. 

Cbucipiement, mi. crucifixion : the punish- 
ment of nailing to a cross: an image of the 
crucifixion of our Lord. 

Crucifier, va. to crucify, to nail to a cross. 

Crucifix, mi. a crucifix, a representation in 
picture of our Lord's passion. 

Cbocifobmx, adj. cruciform, cross-shaped. 

Cbu Dirk,sf'. crudity, erudeness, rawness: (p&y.) 
indigestion, undigested substances in the 
stomach. 

Crub, sf. growth, increase. La crue des eaux, 
the increase of water in a stream. 

Cbu EL, adj. cruel, destitute of pity, compas- 
sion, or kindness : inhuman, fierce, ferocious, 
savage, barbarous : hard-hearted, insensible : 
severe, unkind : painful, insupportable : tire- 
some, disgusting, intolerably : bad, terrible, 
tremendous. 

CauBLLE, sf, a woman deaf to the entreaties of 
a lover. 

Crubllement, adv. cruelly, in a cruel manner, 
with cruelty, inhumanly, barbarously : pain- 
fully, with severe pain or torment. 
Cbument, adv.. bluntly, without delicacy: 

openly, boldly. 
Crural, adj, (anat.) crural, belonging to the 
leg. Vartere crurate, the crural artery. 
I 



cut 

CfttfiitAci, ddj. (mir. hitt,) ernfetaceotis, of 

the nature of cru8t or shell: shelly^with joints. 
Cruzadb, if, a etutado, a Portuguese coin. 
C ft ^ ^TB, tf. a of ypt, a subterraneaa cell or care : 
, fe burying Vault. 
Cryptoobaphie, tf. cryptographer, the art Of 

trrititig in secret characters or cyphers. 
GaYPTONYMfi, adj.m.f, an anonymous author. 
CuDATURE, sf\ (geom.) cubajture, a method to 

find out the cubic contents of a body. 
^uBit, <fii. (^eoth*) a cube^ a regular solid body 

with §ix square and equal sides : (artt^.^ 

the product of a number multiplied into itself, 

and that product multiplied into the same 

number. 
CviiB l»r CuiitQUB, ad;\ cubic, cubical. Pied 

eubiqtu, racine cubique, a cubic foot, a cubic 

root. 
CuttisR, va. to reduce to a cube. 
GirBi9tJB or Ct^BB, adj» cubic, cubical, having 

the form of a cube. 
CtJBtTAL, adj» (aiiat.) cubital, pertaining to the 

elbow. 
CuBitus, nn. (lat,) cubitus, one of the bones 

bf the forearm. 
CvcBRON, sm. (a utofm) a mite, a grub. 
CuetmBiTACB, adj, (hot.') cucurbitaceous (an 

epithet applied to plants resembiing a gourd), 
CucuRBiTAiNs, 9^. pi. flat-worms. 
CucuRBiTE, f/'. (ehem.) a cucurbite, a chemical 

VeMel in the shape ef a gourd. 
CuEiLLERET, Silt. (Jnr.) formerlv a rent-roll. 
CuEiLLEiTB, tf\ a collection of charitable dona- 
tions : harvest : an annual harvest. 
CcBiLLBUii, t. (o6f.) a gatherer, one who 

gatb«n : (mar, ) a collection of good s to com^ 

plete a cargo* ' ^ 

Cdbillir, tMi. to gather, to crop, to pick, to 

plmck. CaeilUr dee lanriers, to gather laurels. 
CuBtttofR, em, a fruit-basket, a basket to put 

in anything one gathers. 
CvittBR or CuiLL&RE, sf. R spooo, a table 

utensil need in eating soup or liquids. 

Cuillere a pot, a ladle. CuilUre A cafe, a 

tea*-spoon. Cuillere a bouche, a table-spoon. 

CuiUhe h ragofrtt a grary-spoon. 
CuiLLER^E, gf', a spoonfVil, a ladleful. 
CuiLLksoN, «m. the bowl of a spoon. , 

Cuift» fin. leather, skin, hide. £titre cuir et 

thair, (/am.) in private, 
CuiRASSE, tf, R cuirass, a breast-plate. Le dt^ 

fimt de laeuiratee, the weak side of a person. 
CuiRA88ER,'Va. to arm with a cuirass. 
CutRAS6iBR,(m.a cuirassier, a soldier in armour. 
Ct7iRE, va, to cook, to dress victuals : to digest, 

to concoct: to bum. 
CuiRE, vn, to be cooking or dressing : to smart, 

to bum. Cuire an four, to bake. Cuire a 

la poile, to fry. Cuire sur le gril, to broil. 
CuiSAur, adj. smarting, sharp, burning: severe, 

penetrating. . 
CcistMB, «f. kitchen, cookery. F«tre la tui- 
' eim, to cook. Du J^tin de cuitine, bad Latin. 
CuisivBR, vn, to cook, to dress victuals. 
CvMfNiEfo, tm. 1 a cook, one who dresses vhA 
CuisiNiiRE, sf,f prepares victuals. 
CviSSAiiT, em, a cuiui, tA armour for the tMghs. 
Cviss*^ tf, a thSghi that put ^f the body wbieh 
114 



CtIL 

extends ^m 'the buttock to the kste. Vm 

cuiue de wlaiHe, the leg of a fowl. 
CirissB-MADAMB, «f.'(a /httt) an excellent 

summer-pear, a jargonel. 
Cu»soN, sf, the act of cooking or baking, the 

degree to which a substance is cooked : smart. 
CuissoT, em, the haunch of a stag or deer, tin 

euissot de t»au, de cochonf a leg of veal or pork. 
CuisTRB, em, a man servant in a college: 

(Jam,) an ill-bred collegian, a mde, pe- 

o^tic, ignorant man. 
CuiTE, sf, the burning of tileB> brickf , and the 

like. 
CuivRE, sm, copper, one of the six primitive 

metals. Cuivrejaune, brass. 
Cuivb6, adj, made of copper, eOpper-coloured* 
CuivRER, va, to copper, to cover with copper. 
CutVRETTE, sf, a brass-reed for a Wind-instru- 
ment. 
Cu L or Cu, sm, the breech, the bum. the back or 

lower part of the body, the buttocks. Le 

cul d*un verre, the bottom of a glass. 
CuLAssE, «f. the breeCh of a cannon, the stock 

of a gun or pistol. 
CuL-BLANc, sm, (nat. hiit.) the white tail-bird. 
CuLBUTE, rf, felling head over heels, a somer- 
set or somersault. 
CuLBVTER, va. to ovortum, to overthrow: to 

ruin, to undo, to destroy. On VacuUmti, he 

is totally rained. 
CuLBUTBR, vn. to tumblo down, to be rained. 
CtTL-DB-BAS8E-ros8E, SIR. a dungeou. 
CuL-DE-FOUR, sm, (arch,) a spheric vault. 
CuL'DE-jATTE, SIR. .B persou withoUt legs atid 

thighs: a cripple who slides along on his back: 

a person who walks slowly and indolently. 
CuL-D£-LABiPE,fln.(print.andarcft.)atail-piece. 
CtJL-DE-PLOMB, sun. B Sedentary man. 
CrL-DB-sAc, sm. a blind alley, a place that has 

no thoroughfare. 
CuLis, tf, the hutment of a bridge. 
CuLSR, vn, (mar,) to make stemway, to lUl 

astern. ' 

CuLERO.v, sm, (man,) the dock of a crapper. 
CuLiER, a<}/. is only used in, ^oyau ntlier, the 

rectum. 
CtJLiiitB, sf, (arc^.) a gutterstone. 
Cu LIN AIRE, aty, culinary, relating to the 

kitchen or cookery. 
CuLatipj^RE, adj, (hot.) culmiferotis, having m 

smooth jointed stalk. 
Culminant, adj, (point) (ast,) a culminating 

point. 
Culmination, sf, culmination, the transit of a 

planet through the tneridisn. 
CuLMiNER, vn, (est,) to culminate, to be in th^ 

meridian. 
CuLOT, sm, the nestling : (fam,) the youngest 

of a family : the youngest member of a 

society. 
CcLOTTS, sf, small-clothes, breeches : a tump 

of beef. 
CuLotTBR, va, to put in breeches. 
C uLOTTiER, sm. ubreechesmaker. 
CuLLOTiN, sm, (Jam,) a little boy hOWljr 

breeched. 
CvLPAHtLtri, *f. (tt ntw vord) eUlpMilKty, the 

state of one who is guilty, culpabl^feeitt 



CUR 

CtJin, Hi. wofftbip, an act of raligiova re- 
remM : adoration : ezceasiTe TeneratioBi 
honour, reipect. 

CcLnvABLfi, tt({j. cnltiirable, atisceptible of 
cnldfitioii, capable of b<ang tilled or cul- 
tinted. 
CuLTtviTSD ii,im.abusbandmaii, a|armer,an agri- 

cnlttttift, a euitirator, a tiUer of tbe ground. 
CrLnvEK, tw. to ^nltiTate, to till, to nvrse : 

to meliorate, to improTe. Ciiltiver V esprit , 

U m^oirt, to improve one'a mind, to exer- 

eiM one's memory. CuUiver ".ine iangue, to 

itudjr a language. Cultiver des arbrei, to 

narae trees. 
CcLTtBz, f. Culture, cultitation, tillage : me- 

liontion, improvement. 
CcMiN, Ml. {bat.) cumin, an African uubelli- 

ferous pfamt. 
CrauLATip, adj. cumulatiTe, conaiating of 

pBTts in a beap. 
CrvptATivEMasT, adv, cumulatirelj-, hj ac- 

nimnlation. 
CuHSLEs, M. to cumulate, to accumulate, to^ 

Kttber er tbtow in a beap, to beap together. 
Ct'x&iroaup, adj, (eiMt.) cuneiform or cuni- 

form, baviuf^ tbe abape or form of a wedge. 
CoMim or CuvsTTa, rf, (fort,) a cunette or 

ciitette. 
CcpiDB, od/. covetous, avaricioua, inordinately 

desirous bfricbes. 
CvpiMTi, tf, enpiditj, concupisceuGe, lust: 

ta ardent wiabrng or longing, inordinale de- 

^ of arealtb or power. 
CrriDox, tm. Cupid, tbe god of love : a beau- 

tifolcMM. 
CtRAiiE, adj. {HHta used) curable, that maj 

be bealed or cured, 
^^KACi, en. cleansing, tbe act of cleansing : 

tbe eflecu of it : tbe expenses attending it. 
CirBATXLLE, ^. a guardiansbip, a trusteeuiip* 
^i^AATctJB, m.1 m guardian appointed bj law* 
CvnTiica, rf. J a trustee. 
CiHATir, adj. curative, curing. 
CticruA, j^. (tot.) curcuma, turmeric. 
Ccfce, tf. a liTing, A living wltb the care of 

•onls, aparisb : tbe personage : the cure of a 

distemper. 
Ccai,m. a parson,'* rectnr of a pariab. 
<^csi.DBST, Jai. a tootb-pick. - 
Ccifat, f, (ven.) tbe part of tbe wild-beast 

EiTea to tbe bciands. fatre eur£e, to junkec 
CrRi-otatLLB, JIM. an ear-picV. 
^rti-piKD, sm. a borse-picker« 
Ccku, t«« to deanse, to make dean, to clean, 

to nmove iilth, td purifj. 5e curer iot 

^*iUe$, to pick one's ears, 
Cntm, rf, (thIrJ) a scoop, a burgeon's in- 



a 



^^^tva, m. a nlgbtman* Curour de puits, 

deausar of wells. 
C^kf AL, adj^ curial, parochisl. Droit curial, 

» emial pHril6ge, 
^<^>tfi, if. a curia, k ward, tbe subdivision of a 

^V saaong tba aaeient Romans. 
vi'ifitttHtitt, adv* curiously^ witb curiosity, 

«itb Blue inspaetion : eatenilif, attentirelF* 

tvittet, alf .eoiotU, folidrotitl to M otIedow : 
115 



CTL 

loqiiisitive: rare, extraordinair, excellent: 
, nice, neat, line, elegant: carenil, studious. 
It is klso a substantive. Le eurieus do V af- 
faire c*nt fue, tbe curious part of tbe busi- 
ness is. 

CvRiON, tm. (ane. hist.) a curion, a prieat 
among tbe ancient Romans. 

CuaiosiTi, {f. curiosity, an inclination to bear, 
see or know, inquisitiveneas : an object of 
curiosity, a raritv. CaHnet de curiont^St a 
closet full of rarities. 

CuROiR, nn. a plougbstaff*. 

CunssuR, $m. a cursor, a alider in a ruler. 

CuRsivx, adj, curaive, current, running. £ori' 
' ture ourtivo, a running band. 

CuRULE, adj* curule. Chaite curu2«, tbe ivorj 
chair in which aome of tbe Romans baui a 
right to sit. 

CuRURES, tf.pl. cleansings, tbe dreg^ of a well. 

CvRviuoNE, a4l'« curvilinear, or curvilineal: 
having a curve-line : composed of, or bounded 
by, curve-lines.- 

CvBviTi,{f. curvitji a bending in regular form, 
crookedness. 

CussoMi, «4/. {appUod to wood or timber) Worm* 
eaten, 

CusTODE, gm, a warden, a provincial's deputy. 

CvsTOOE, 1^. a curtain, a bolster-cap, a piz. 

CutanA, adj, (anat.) cutaneous, belonging to 
the skin, anecting the skin. Eruption dk' 
tan^e, a cutaneous eruption. 

CuTicuLE, rf'. cuticle, a thin pellucid mem-x 
biane covering the true akin, tbe scar&kin^ 
the epidermis. 

Cutter, om. (mau) a cutter. 

CovAOEt *nt. a place for tubs. 

CuvE, {f. a large tub (moatly of wood). 

CirvBAu, m. a little tub. 

Cu vis, |f. a tubfiil, tbe contents of a tub* 

CuvBr^AOs, iia.tbe planking of the pit of amine* 

Cu VKLER, va. to plank tbe pit or abaft of a mine. 

GuvxR, va. to let wine or beer work in a tub. 
Ctto^ fon wn, to aleep oneself sober. 

CuvsTTBy rf^ a 'cistern, a waahband-basia* 

CuviER, sm, a large tub for lee-waabiog. 

CvATHB, «!• a cup used by the ancients. 

Cycladbs* $f. pi, tbe isles of tbe Eastern Ar- 
cbipelago. 

Cyclamen, im. (fot.) oyclaaea, tbe sow- 
bread. 

Cycle, mi. a cycle, a period or aeries of num- 
bers. ^M^^ tolairOt the eyele of tbe sun, a 
period of twenty-eight years. Cycle Imuaire, 
. the cycle of tbe moon, a period of nineteen 
years. Cycle de Vindictimi, tbe oyole of in-* 
diction, a period of fifteen yeara« 

Cycloids, tf. J(jgeom.) cycloid, a geonetricol 
curve. 

CYCLOM&tRiE, tf, (geom,) cyekMaetry, tbe art 
of measuring oycles or eircles. 

Cyglopb, tm, (myt&.) a cyclop, a aranstrous 
giant who Ead but one cireubr eye ia tbi 
middle of the forehead. ' 

Cyonb, $m* a awaay tbe eygvaS) a larga wati0 
fowl of tbe genus goeee : « great poet^ Lo 
cygne de Muniou4, tbe Mantaan poet( Virail). 

CYLi»nRB» ^, i^om,) a oylinder, a long eir#u- 
lar body of uaifonn diameter, and iti extre« 



DAM 

mitiei forming equal parallel cirolea : a atone 

€T iron roller. 
Cylindrique, a4/. m./. cvlindric, cjljndrical, 

having the form of a cylinder. 
Cvmbale, sf. a c^bal, a muaical instrument 

used by the ancients : a kettle-drum. 
Cynanthropie, «f. cynanthropy, a kind of 

madness. 
Cynique, sm. a cynic, a follower of Diogenes. 

Cyniques, p2. an ancient set of philosophers 

famous for their impudence and effrontery. 
Cynique, adj. cynic, cynical : impudent, ob- 
scene. 
C VNI8ME, sm, the doctrine, the character of the 

cynics. 
Cynoglosse, tf, (tot.) cygnoglossum, the 

hound's-tongue. 
Cynosure, tf. (<ut.) cynosure, a name gi^en 

by the Greeks to the boreal constellation 

called the Little Bear, 
C y vnki, $. a cypress, a genus of plants <fr trees : 

the wood of that tree. 
CviisE, nn,(bot.) cytisus, a shrub or tree. 
Cr.AR, tm, {obt.) cxar, chief, a title given to the 

emperor of Russia. 
Cf ARiEN, adj. czarian, belonging to the czar. 
C7.ARIME, «^'. the czarina, a title given to the 

empress of Russia. 
CzARoviTz, cm. a son of the czar or emperor of 

Russia. 



D. 



D* sm. the fourth letter of the alphabet : J) (a 
Rontan cipher), five hundred. 

Da, int. it is always added to oui or nenni, as : 
Oni-da, yes, indeed: Nenni-da, no, f6rsooth ! 

D'abord, adv. first, at first, in the beginning. 

Dactyle, sm. a dactyle, a poetical foot con- 
sisting of one long syllable and two short. 

Dactylolooie, $f. dactylology, the art of con- 
versing by the hands. 

Da DA, im. (a childish expreuion) a hobby-horse. 

Dadais, tm. (Jam.) a booby, a ninny. 

Dagobne, tf. a one-horned cow : (pop.) a bel- 
dam, an old ugly woman, a hag. 

Daoue, tf. a dagger : (^mar.) a rope*s end. 

Daoubs, va. (mter.) to beat a sailor with* a 
rope's end. 

Dagves, t. pi. the horns of a brocket. 

Daguet, tm. a brocket, a pricket, a buck in his 
second year. 

Daioner, vn, to deign, to vouchsafe, to con- 
descend. 

Daillots, tm. (mar.) sail-rings. 

Daim, sm. a deer, a buck. Une daine, a doe. 

Dais, tm. a canopy, a covering of state over a 
throne orbed. 

Dalle, tf. aflag-stone. Dalle de pompe, (mar.) 
a pump-hole or dale. 

D.ALMATIQUE, sf. B dalmstic, a tunic worn by 
the deacons and subdeacons in a high mass. 

Da LOT, tm. (mar.) a scupper, a scupper-hole 
(in a ship). 

Dam, sm. (it only uted ioith a pottettive pro- 
noun) loss, peril, cpst. A tondam, to hiscost. 

Damas, tm. (a tilk stuff) damask. Prune de 
damat, (a fruit) a damsoiiy a damwk plum. 
116 



DAR 

Dahasquinei).,- va, to damaski to inlay atae^ 

with gold. 
Dauasquinerie, tf. the art of damaskening, 
Damasquineur, tf. a damask-worker. 
Damasquinube, tf. damasquined work. 
Da MASS i, tm. damasked linen. 
Dauasser, va. to damask, to adorn steel work 

with figures, to form flowers upon stuffs. 
D AM A SSI N, tm. thin damask. 
Damassure, tf. damasking, damask-work. 
Dame, tf. a lady. Dame damee, alady of quali- 
ty, a real lady : the mistress of a house : (at 
cards, at chess and draughts) a queen. Jouer 
aux dames, to play at draughts. Aller hdame, 
to make a queen (at chess) : to make a king 
(at draugKts). 
Dame, int. nay, indeed, forsooth. Dame! c*ett^ 

Jutte, to be sure, it is right. 
Dame-jeannb, sf. demijan, a large bottle or jug. 
Dames, s. pi. draughts : flood-gates. 
Damer, va. to crown or king a man (at draughts)* 

Damer le pion, to supplant, to out-do one. 
Damerbt, tm. a beau) a spark, a fop. 
Damier, sm. a draught-board, a chess-board. 
Damnable, adj. m.f. damnable, deserving dam- 
nation, that may be - damned or condemned : 
pernicious, odious, detestable. 
Damnablbment, ado. damnably, odiously, abo- 
minably, detestably, excessively. 
Damnation, tf. damnation, exclusion from di- 
vine mercy : condemnation. 
Damns, sm. damned, condemned : hateful, de- 
testable, abominable. (Les Anglais, je r^ux 
dire ceux de la baste ctasse ou mal tlevts, ue te 
tervent que trap souvent de cette expretsion.) 
Souffrir comme un damne, to suffer horribly, 
Damner, va. to damn, to doom to eternal tor- 
ments : to importune, to torment, to torture. 
Damner (Se), vr, to expose oneself to dam- 
nation. 
Damoiseau, tm. a fop, a beau; a spark. 
Damoisellb, tf. (formerly a title given to the 

daughters of noblemen) a damsel. 
Dandin, sm. a noddy, a ninny. 
Dandinement, sm, the awkward motions of a 

ninny. 
Danoiner, vn. or Se <Dandiner, vr, to carry 

oneself like a ninny. 
Danger, tm. danger, peril : risk, hazard, ezt 
posure to loss, injury or pain : inconveniency. 
Dangert, pi. rocks, shelves (at sea). 
Dangbrsusembnt, adv. dangerously, hazardi 

ously, with danger, with risk of evil. 
DANGEREux,a4/' daugerous, perilous, hazard-* 
ous, exposing to loss, unsafe. Une 6preuve 
dangereute, a dangerous experiment. 
Daks, pre. in, in the, into, within. 
Dansant, adj. dancing, lively. 
Danse, tf. a dance, a lively brisk exercise or 

amusement : dancing : an air for a dance. 
Danser, vn. to dance, to move or leap /with 
measured steps : to leap and frisk about, to 
move nimbly up and down. Maltre a danter, 
a dancing-master. 
Danseur, sm. 1 a dancer. Danteur de eorde, a 
Danseuse, tf. J rope-dancer. 
Dard, sm. a dart, a javelin : a spindle, 
Darder, sm. to dart, to shoot or strike with » 



DEB 

dart : to throw, to send, to emit, to caBt« Le 

soUU darde tes rayons sur ia terre, the sun darts 

Ills besiDs on the earth, 
D^RDBuii, Mf. one who darts weapons, a dart- 

flinger, a uiooter. 
Dardille, s/*. (frat.) the spindle or stalk of a 

pink, or any other flower. 
Dakdiller, vn. (speakhig of flowers) to spindle, 

to shoot 8|undlei» or long stalks. 
Darioi.b, sf^ a sort of custard or pastrj. 
Dariolette, </'. an ahigail, a lady's agent in 

her intrigues. 
Darnamas, sm. Smyrna cotton. 
Darivr, rf. a bit or ^ce of salmon or other fish. 
Darse or Da RHINE, sf, a wet-dock. 
Dartre, tf, {pky.) a tetter, a ringworm. Dar- 

trt/arinnue, a morphew. 
Dartreux, adj, scabby, full of tetters. 
Dataibr, sm. a datary, a chief officer of the 

chancery in Rome. 
Date, sf. date, the epoch at ^hich an eve^it 

happened, or a thing was done : the indica- 
tion of that epoch. D*ancienne date, of long 

standing. Do fraidu date, recently, quite 

recemt. Prendre date, to minute down . 
Dater, va, to date, to note the date, to reckon.' 

Daier a faux, to postdate. 
Daterie, i^. the datarr's office. 
Datif, sm. {gv.) the dative, or dative case. 
Datiov, if. (Jut.) an act by which a thing is 

girea. 
Datisme, Mi. a tedious repetition of epithets. 
Datte, rf, a date, the fruit of the date-tree. 
Dattier, mi. a date-tree, a species of palm. 
Dati^re, «f. (a'piaut) the thorn-apple. 
Daure, sffm a high-relished stew : stewed meat. 
Daurer, tM». to stew : to beat, to cuff, to drub : 

(/m.) to jeer, to l^anter. 
Daurkvr» em, (/am.) a banterer, a sneerer. 
DAvrBix, sm.{afish) a dolphin : fonnerly, the 

eldest son of the King of France. 
Daupbiwr, sf« the Dauphiness, the Dauphin's 

wife. 
Datavtaob, adv. more, any more, any longer. 
Da TIER, jm. pineers to draw teeth witli. 
Di, prfp. of, from, in, in the, of the, from the, 

with, with the, by, about. De par, in the 

BOSM of. 

Dr, «■. a die : a thimble. A vous le d6, it is 
now your turn. 

Dealbatiov, $f. (cA«m.) dealbation, the act of 
bleaching : a whitening. 

Dbbabiller, vr. to cease speaking. 

DiBAci.AGB, em. the act of clearing a harbour. 

Debacle, «f. the sudden breaking of the ice in 
a river : the cleansing of a harbour, that the 
ships may circulate freely : a sudden revolu- 
tion ia arazs. 

Debacle R, va. to cleanse a harbour. D^bacler 
um forte, unefenStre, to unbar a door, a win- 
dow, and open them. 

DBBici.Rm» «n. is said of a river, when it g^ts 
rid of the ice that covers it. 

DbbIclrur, tm. a wates-bailiff. 

DfiBACovi.xm, va, (pop.) to babble out, to blab, 
to talk sillily in" at random. 

DiBAOouLsvB^ tm, (pep*) a babbler, an idle 
taUDBf. 

iir 






DkB 



Dbballaoe, sm. an unpacking, the opening of 
I a bale or parcel. 

Dbballbr, va. to unpack, to open a bale. 

Dbbandadk, sJ\ (obs.) tbe act of disbanding. 
A lad^bandade, adv. exp. helter-skelter. Lais' 
ser a la d^bandade, to leave at random. 

Dbban dement, 4m. the act of troops disband- 
ing themselves. 

Dbbanoer, va, to unbend, to uncock : to slacken, 
to relax. 

DiBANDER (Se), vr, to disband, to grow slack. 

Dbbanquer, va. (with gamblers) to break the 
bank. 

Dbbaptiser, va. to unchristen : (/am.) to 
change the name of. 

Dbbarbouiller, va, to clean, to wash. 

Debarbouillbr (Se), vr. to wash one*8 face, 
-to clean oneself. ^ 

Dbbarcadoub, sm. (Spanish) a wharf, a store • 
house. . 

D^bardage, sm, the unlading of wood out of a 
boat. 

Debardeb, va. to unlade wood out of a boat. 

Dbbardeur, sm. a lighterman, one who unloads 
a boat of wood, a porter. 

DisARQUBMENT, sm. disembarking, landing. 
Troupes de d^barquement, troops destined to 
land at an appointed place. 

Dbbarquer, va. to debark, to disembark, to land, 
to set on shore : to remove goods or troops 
from on board a ship to the land. 

DisARQUER, vn. to land, to debark. None di^ 
barguAmes cL DouvreSj we landed at Dover.. 

«Dbbabquer, sm. landing. A notre d^barquer, 
at our landing. ^ 

Debarras, sm, disencumbrance, riddance. 

Dbbarrasser, va, to clear, to free from in- 
cumbrance, to free one frpm a troublesome ^ 
person or thing, to disentangle. 

Debark asser (Se), vr. to get rid of, to disen- 
tangle or extricate oneseli from. 

Debarrer, va. to unbar, to unbolt, to open (by' 
removing the bar). 

D&bat, sm. a debate, a contention in words or 
arguments, a discussion, a contention : a con- 
test, a strife. 

DbbJLter, va. to take off the packsaddle. 

D^battrb, va, to debate, to contend for in words 
or arguments, to discuss, to argue, to con- 
test : to dispute, to quarrel : to examine*. 

Dbbattre (Se), vr. to struggle, to strive : to 
combat. 

Dbbauche, sf. debauch, debauchery, excess in 
eating or drinking : merry-making, junket- 
ing : lewdness, rakishness. 

DiBAucBB, a^, and sm. a debauchee, a profli- 
gate, a man habitually lewd. 

Dbbauchbb, va. to debauch, to corrupt, to vi- 
tiate : to entice away, to eeduce, te make one 
do out-of-the-way things. 

Dbbauchbb (Se), vr. ib follow ill courses, to 
go sstray. 

Dbbavcheur, sm.1 a debeucher, a seducer (to 

Dbbaucbeuse, sf. j lewdness or to any dere- 
liction of duty). 

DisET, sm. (com.) that which remains due by a 
debtor : the debtor's side. 

DaBirrJEB, va, (it only used in the part, pattJ) to 



DSB 

W6«](ea. to fliiordftr* Bttpmac d4b\ff^, » 
weakened Btomaeh. Vitag$ d^biffi, a waa 
countenanoe. 

BiaiLB, ad}, m.f, debile, relaxed, feeble, weak, 
feeble, fiuat, without strens^. 

BaaiLBMENT, ado. feebly, weakly, faintly. 

DiaiLiTATioN, $/, debilitation, the act of weak- 
ening, relaxation. 

DaBiUTB, if, debility, relaxation. Weakness, 
feebleness, langruor, faintness. 

B&ai LITER, vr. to debilitate, to weaken, to im- 
pair the strength of, to enfeeble, to make faint 
or languid. 

D4billardbr, va. to ohisel of^tp chgp. 

DiBiLLARDBUENT, int. (loitA earp$i^ters) a 
ohiselling off, 

DAbillbr, va, to loosen the Jioraes &om the 
cable. 

DiutT, im* sale by retail : a quick and easy 
sale : utterance, iielivery. Ce marchand a un 
grand dSbit, that tradesman has many cus^ 
tomers. ' Cetteaetrieea un beau debit, mi 9^6' 
tress has n beautiful delivery. 

DsBiTANTf tm. 1 a retailer, a aealer. Dtbitant 

BAbitantb, ff.f de tabac, a tobacconist. 

Bbbitrr, va. to vend» to sell by rdtail^ to hsve 
R great many customers : to spread about, to 
tell : to act, to declaim : to cut wood for va- 
rious purposes : (com.) to carry to the debtor's 
Recount. II M d^bitt une notivelU, there is a 
report. 
vD&BiTxuR, SIR. a debtor : (Jam.) a spreader of 
news. 

Dbbitbusb, if. she who spreads news. 

DiBiTRicE, if. a ftmale oebtor. 

D^BiTTBR (^le cable), (Jnar.) tounbit the ciLble. 

Drblaz, $m, taking away, clearing. Un Uau 
^ d^blait a happy riddance. 

l)iBLAYBR, va. to clcBr, to rid, to free from. 

X>4bi.oqurr, va* (with frinttn) to rectify in- 
verted letters : (ndi.) to raise the blockade. 

DxpoiHB, sm. a bad aftertaste, a twang : sor- 
row, trouble, grief, mortlRcation. 

DiBolTBMEUT, sm. dislocBtion, a putting out of 
joint. 

DEBotTBR, va. to dislocate, to put out of joint. 

DisoKDEB, va, to open the dRm or sluice of a 
pond. 

Brbondbri vn. to sluice out, to burst forth, 

Obbondkr (Se), vr. to break forth, to run out» 
to overflow. 

B&BOKDONNER, va. to unbuug, to unstop, to 
take th() hung or stopple away. 

Dbbonnairb, adj. gentle,' meek, good-natured. 
Un mari 4^bonnaire, (tro/i,) a husband who 
suffers witii patience the g'jlantry of his wife. 

Dbboknairbmbnt, adv. (o6s,) gently, meekly, 
in a good-natured way. 

])£bon N A I RKTi, ff\ (obi.) gontloness, meekness, 
good -nature. 

D^boro, im. (phif,) deOuxion, an overflow of 
humours : (with minters) the edge. 

DAbordb, adj. orerflow^d : dissolutOi irregular, 
profligate, «bandonedi shameless. CondiiAte 
d^bord^o, a shameless conduct. 

ViBORDEMBNT, pn* thRQverflowin^ (of a river) : 
(phy.') an overflow of haiQOmrs : so irruptioti, 
igi wvRsjpii ; I Igo^ lifts Mwghejy, 



DEB 

l^iBORDXRt va.tQ nnlKMrder, to Cake of tlie li«^ : 
(mii.) to oQtflank. 

DAbordbr, or. to overflow, to jntout. 

DisoROBR (iSe), or. to break out, to overflow. 

OisoRDoiR, im. an edge-tool. 

Dbbosser (un cable), va. (mar.) to take the 
stoppers off a cable. 

D&bottbr', va. to pull off boots. 

DAbottbr (Se), or. to pull one's boots off. 

DiBoucni, tm. a sale, an opening : (fam.) an 
expedient : (mil.) the issue of a denle. 

DisoccaEiCENT, SIR. Btt Opening pf Anstopping. 

Ubboucher, va. to uncork, to draw the cork, to 
unstop, to open. 

DiBoucnBR, vn. (mil.) to go out of a defile. 

DiaoucHiiiR, im. (mil.) An diboucher da Alpet, 
on coming out of the Alps. 

DiaoucLER, va. to unbuckle, to nncurl."^ 

DiaouiLLiR, va. (niee.) to try the goodness of 
the dye, by boiling the stuff. 

DiaouquEMENT, sm. (star.) disemboguing. 

D6bouqver, vn. (mdr.) to disembogue, to sail 
out of a strait. 

D&BouRBBR, va. to cloanse, to take out the mud. 

DiBovROEoisER, vtf. to fsshion, to polish. 

Dbbouroeonner, va. to nip off the young buds. 

DiBotjRR&R, va. to unstop, to extract the wad- 
ding of a gun : to polisn, to fashion. 

Dbbours, im. anticipation, advance of money. 
£tre en dtbour$i to be in advance of money. 

D&BODRS&, tm. money disbnrsed. 

Dbuoubsembnt, ini disbursement, a sum spent, 
the money or sQm paid out.* 

PisouRSER, va, to disburse or pay, to lay out 
money. 

Dbbout, adv. up, standing, upright. 

Debovt, trtt. up ! up! get up! 

DAbouter, va. (Jut.) to reject in law, to east. 

D&BouTONNEil, va. to unbuttOR. D^boutonntr 
ton habit, to unbutton one's coat. Afan^, or 
rir$ a ventro diboutonn^, to eat to excess, to 

, laugh immoderately, 

Dbboutonkbr (Se), vr. to unbosom oneself, to 
disclose one's heart to a friend. 

DABRAtLi.xR (Se), vr. to open one's breast in 
an indecent manner. 

DAsREDOViLLER (So), vr. (at backgammon) to 
Bav(« the lurch. 

BiBRioBMENT, tni. the act of unbridling. 

DAdridkr, va. to unbridle, to take off the bri- 
dle : to hurry, to dispatch. Sunt dSbrider, 
adv.otp. at one stretoh. It is also neuter. J I 
est tempt de dibrider, it is time to unbridle, or 
stop. 

DAbris, tm. 'broken remains: the ruins of a 
building : the wreck of R ship. 

DisRouiLLEMENT, fiR. diseutangUng, extricet- 
ing : clearing, unravelling. 

Drbrouiller, va. to disentangle, to unravel, to 
unfold, to disengage, to set in order, to ex- 
tricate : to explain, to clear, to expound. 

DiBRyriR, va. to chip, to bew, to polish. 

Drbrotisssmert, tm. polJahfng, clearing off*. 

Dbbucher, va. (c^s«) to dislodge, to start 
(gRme). 

D4bx7ciibr, vn. (tpeahing of gams) to fly from 
cover. 

O^lnrt^vf MSV7, fin, duMikg mi, npptail^iBf • 



Puuca^xB, 04. tof drive out of % |A«^ : lo 
Mipplani : (flu|(«) drivp out of n po^t. 

Dbbut, im. tne begimung, the first step : tb^ 

jSnt appeerance of a stage-player. 
pmTAKT, im. 1 a begiiiner : a qew pezfoim* 
DiauTAMTE. if. J er. 
DaacTEB, fw. to hit or knock a hall of: to 

begin : to lead : to play first. 
DiBVTSK, vn, to perform for the first time. 
l^Kf 1> pr. and adv. on this side. Courir dtfu. 

et dtla, to run here and there, np and down. 

An (/«fa» en tUfa or jiar de^a, on this side. 
•BxcA, a Greek word added to each new French 

measure or weight* to denote that it is. t«4- 

foid greater, as : D^camitrt, ten metres : 

ptangrammt, ten grammes. 
Dac4cuETER, fMi. taun^cal. to hreak the seal, 

to open any-thing sealed. 
DicADif tf, a dacade : a space of ten days 

under the late French republic. 
BacADE^'cB, $f, a decay, a decliiie, a fall, 
Dbcadi, us. the tenth day 'of the decade. 
DacAcoNB, 5IR. a decagon, a figure of ten 

lides. 
DacACRANME, ffn. B Weight often grammes. 
BacAisiER, Cft, to tal^e ont of a cliest or box. 
DacALiTBBt am. a moMure of ten litres. 
DacALOGuB^ tm, the pecalogue : the ten com- 

naodmenta. 
DacALQUEB, va, to connterdrfiw. 
l^icAXBBOK, 401. decumeron, a work containi|ig 

tlie deeds of ten days. 
DacAJiiTBE, ijn. a measure often metre^. 
DicAMPEjfENT, $m, (ni/.) decampment, shifts 

jog the camp. 
l^CAMPEB, vn. {mil.) to dec<|mp, to hreak up 

a camp ; to march of, to run away. 
DkcaS Ai., adj, decanal, pertaining to a deanery, 
l^^AXAT, am. deanship, deanery, 
DacAKisEB, va. to perform a dean's duty. 
^^AxoariaEB^ vk* to -erase off the liat of the 

"aints. 
l^icANTATioN, tf, decantstion, decanting. 
l^acAxtEii, DO. to decant, to pour ofif gently ai; 

iiquof from its sediment. 
^acAPEB» vaHo take the v«rdigreaae off copper. 
l^icAPEB, VR. (mar.) to sail beyond a cape. 
l^icAPiTATioy, sf\ decftpitntioni tbe act of be- 

Heading. 
Die A PITER, va. tp decapitate, to behead* to 

cat off the head, 
l^BCABBELEB, tMT. to unpaTC, to take up the 

ptvement* 
PacASTiaB, am* a meature often steres. 
DacASTTLE, am* {arch.) decastyle, an assem- 

Hlage et ten cqlumns iH* pillars in the front of 

f building. 
DacAsavLLABB or Dbca8Yli,abiqub< adj. m./. 

decM)^hic, of ton syllables. 
DacATiR, va. to ungloss, to take off the gloss. 
l^irioBR, rib to decease, to die, to depart from 

tiiis life. 
D^ciiBURs, va, (e^f-) to ongi^, to loosen any 

tiling boohd with a- girdle. 
^ic^LEXBKTi afl|. rcTealiug, discloaing. 
l^iciLSB, va. to disclose, to toll, to roTeal, 

^Ul va^ hid v secret, It i^ applied both 

tQ]mQosi^lhi«|fs. 



DEC 

DicfifBiiB, im. December, the iMt mo^ih o^ 

the year. 
Dbcbmment, adv. decently, in a proper manner. 
Dbcemvik, fin, a decemvir, one of the %en 

governors of ancient Rome. 
DicEM VIRAL, a<{/. deoemvi^al, belongipgto* 

decemvir. 
Dbcemvirat, sat. decemvirate, the olftcaofa 

decemvir. • 

DicENCE, ^. d^cence, d^ceucy, that which i$ 

fit, sai table or becoqiing : suitableness to 

character : propriety, propriety of form or 

speech : moaesty, 
DicENNAL, adj. decennial, continuing ten yean. 
Dbcbnti «({/< decent, becoming, proper, fit, 

suitable : comely, modest. 
nicEFTioN, sf, deception, the act of deceivjiur 

or misleading : the state of being deceived 

or misled : artifice* cheat, fraud. 
Db CE QUE, conj, because. 
DbcbrnbiI, va. to decree, to ordain: to ret 

solve, to determine judicially. 
Dicis, am. decease, death.: (applied to humai| 

beings only.) 
Decevadle, adj. deceivable, liable to fraud, 

easy to be deceived. 
Dbcevant, tt4/i deceitful, fraudulent: n^^^ 

leading. 
pBCBvoiB, va. to deceive, to delude, to beguile, 

to cheat, to impoae upou : to frustrato, to 

disappoint. 
DBciiAtMExiENT, im* & violent pBssiou, an iu-t 

jurious speech : an outrageous dealing. 
DicuAiNERf va. to unchain, to let loose : to 

iocense, to exasperate, to irritate, to ezeite 

against. 
DbchaSner (Se), vr. to break loose : to rail ata 

to inveigh against, * 

Dbchalanoer or Dbsachalander, to drivQ 

customers away: to make a ihop lose its 

custom. 
Dbcuanter, va. tp alter oue's opinion, to IHi 

sen oue*s pretensions. Fair^ d^chanter, to 

make one low<r his tpue. 
Dbcuap^ronnbR| va. {J'alc.) to unhood tbe 

hawl(. 
Dbcu ARGE, tf. a discharge^ a volley ; a releaae, 

a receipt, an acquitment, an acquittal: a 

running, a drain or water-course : a lumber^ 

room. 
DficuABCEME^^T, sm. Unloading, unburdening. 
Dbcu ARC Elf, va. to discharge, to unload, to 

iree, to release, to pase. Vtcharger tin 

fusil, to discharge a gun. V^chargtr fon 

C0urt to open one s heart. Vieharger sa ooti- 

icien^, to ease one's consciei^. 
Dbciiargbr (Se;, vr. {»p«aking of a rivtr) to 

empty or diseu^bogue itself: to unload, to 

ease oneself. 
Dbcharobur, am. a discharger, an unlader,. 
Dbch ARiiEOin, $m. a beam, a roller. 
Decharmer, va. (a6s.) to unchariq, to unb^i 

witch « ^ ^^l^e off tbe spell. 
DscHAaNER, va. to pick lUe fleah pff : to m(|ke 

lean. Vi$age d6charnt, a thin face. 
Dbcharfib, va. (pop.) to part twp p^raonc 

who are fighting. 
PicQ44t||«, va, te driT« ^Ut » iif41 or « p«g^ 



DEC 

"DicMAVUEtL, va. iagr.) to till, to MUm land. 

PicHAVssBMXNT, INI. digging, hoeing up. 

DicHAUssBR, vft. to paU off the shoes, boots 
or stoddngs. Dechauiur un arbre, to bare 
the roots of a tree. 

DicHAUssom, jm. a fleam, an inatmment to 
clear a tooth from the gum. 

DAcbAanck, if. (Jur.) a forfeiture, the loss of 
any right. 

DicHBT, sm, decay, waste, diminution. 

DicHEVBLER, iw. to dishevel, to pull the hair 
about. 

PicHEVBTREB, M. to uuhaltor, to take the hal- 
ter oiF a horse. 

DicBiFPRABLB, odj, that may be deoipherfd 
or explained. 

PicHippRBMBNT, tm, deciphering: reading, 
explaining. 

PicHippRER, ifo. to decipher, to unraTel : to 
make out bad writing. 

DicHippRBUR, im. a decipherer, one who reads 
or explains anything difficult. 

D^HiQVBTER, fw. to nuoigle, to slash : to pink. 

DicHiQUBTURE, tj\ piukiug, slashing, mang* 
ling. 

B&cniRAMT, adj. heart-rending. 

DicuiRBMBNT, ifM. tearing, rending* Dechire- 
mofit de etBur, angfuish of heart. 

Pbchirbr, va. to tear, to tear in pieces, to 
rend, to lacerate : to ruin, to destroy : to ro- 
▼ile, to defame. 

DicHiBURB, rf, a rent, a break, a laceration, 
a slit. 

DicBoiR, VA. to decay, to fall off, to decline, 
to grow worse. 

DicBouER, va. (mar.) to get off. 

DicBu, fart, of oicHoiR, decayed. 

DiciARB, Ml. the tenth part of the are. 

P^mi, part, and adj. decided, determined. 
Un komrne dSeid^, a steady and rosolute 
man. 

DiciDiMBMT, adv. decidedly, decisiyely, posi- 
tively, distinctly. 

DiciDER, va.- to decide, to resolre, to termi- 
nate : to determine, to end, to put an end to. 

DECIDER (Se), vr. to resolre, to determine, to 
form a definite opinion : to come to a reso- 
lution, or determination. 

Dbcigrammb, im. the tenth part of the gramme. 

B^iLiTRB, im.. the tenth part of a litre. 

D&ciMABLE, adj. (obt.) ttthable, liable to pay 
tithes. 

BiciMAL, adj, decimal, numbered by ten ; as, 
Progrenton d^cimaU, a decimal progression : 
incroasingor diminishing by ten ; as, 'NomJbfe 
decimal, a decimal number. Fraction d€ci' 
male, a decimal fraction : tenth ; as, Vtw par* 
tis dieimaU or un dixicme, a decimal part. 

DiciHATEUR,. im. one who had a right to 
tithes : a decimator. 

Decimation, if. decimation : a tithing. 

D&ciXB, tm. tne tenth part of a franc. 

DiciMER, va. to decimate : to take the tenth 
part : to tithe : to decimate, to select by lot 
and punish with death erery tenth man. 

DiciMirRB, im, a decimetro, the tenth part of 
metre. 

BicivTRsicBVTy isi* takiBg off the otnties. 
ISO 



DEC 

Drcintrbr, vs. to take off the centres of an arch. 

DicnrxRoiR, tm, amasoo*s hammer. 

DiciRBR, va, to teke the wax off. 

Dicisip, adj. decisive, final, conclusive, put- 
ting an end to controreFsy : positive, per- 
emptory. 

Dbcisiom, if. decision, final judgment or 
opinion : resolution, determination. 

DicistvxMENT, adv. decisively, peremptorily. 

DicisoiRE, a4j, (J^T.) decisory, deciding. 

DkciBTkntL, tm. the tenth part of a stere. 

DAcL AMATEUR, iiii. B doclamator, (obi.) a de- 
ehdmer, one who declaims or speaks in public. 

DicLAMATBUR, adj, far-fetched : clamorous. 
Un ton d^lamateur, an empty, clamorous tone. 

DECLAMATION, tf. declamation : invective. 

DicLAMATOiRE, o^, declamatory, pertaining 
to declamation. 

Dbclambr, va. and n. to declaim, to speak 
in public, to rhetoricate, to harangue : to in- 
veigh against. 

Dbclaratip, adj. (Jur.) declarative, explana- 
toiy. 

Dbcla R ATiON,«f.a declaration, an affirmation, an 
open expression of facte or opinions : a report. 

DicLARAToiRE, o^/. 0^***) declantory, mak- 
ing a declaration, expressive. 

DicLARXR. va. to declare, to make known, to 
tell explicitly, to show, to manifest, to pro- 
claim : to discover, to reveal. 

DicLARER (Se), vr. to speak one's mind, to 
declare for, to side with : to appear, to break 
out {tpeakiHg oj' diaeatet), 

DicLA vER, va. (mid.) to change key, to go out 
of the key. 

DicLBNCHER, va. to unlateh. 

DicLic, sm. a beetle, a battering-ram. 

DicLiN, «m. decline, a falliAg-off, a tendency 
to a worse stote : diminution, a decay. Le 
decUn ds la lune, the wane of the moon. Sur 
le d6clin de la vie, on the decline of life. 

DicLiNABiLiri, tf. (ff*) declinability^ the 
quality of being declinable. 

Dbclinablb, adj. (gr.) declinable, having a 
variety of terminations. 

DicLiNAisoN, gf, (gr.) declension : (att.) de- 
clination. 

Dbclina NT, adj. declining. Cadrant d^linant, 
a dial not directed tot>ne of the cardinal pointe. 

Dec LI nation , if .declination,descent,obliquity. 

Declinatoire, a^y, and i. Ou***) <ui exception 
taken against a jurisdiction. 

DicLiNXR, va. (gr.) to decline (a noun) : to 
avoid, to shun, to refime, to abate, to &U off. 
D^eliner ton nam, to tell one's name. 

DicLiNEB, vn. to decline, tend or draw to- 
wards a dose. 

DacLiviTi, if. declivity, a gradual descent. 

D4clo!trb, adj. undoistered, aecularised. 

Dbclore, va. to unclose, to open. 

DicLos, part, and a^f* disclosed, unclosed, 
opened. 

Dbclouer, va, to unnail, to draw the nails out 
of anything. 

DEcocuement, am, (061.) the shooting of an 
arrow. 

Dbcocbbr, va, to shoot an arrow, to dart. 

Dicocnon/ tf\ a dMoctiOD> the Mi of boiUiig a 



DEC 

•obftanc^ in water : the liqaor in wluch a 
rabstance has been boiled. 

DicoGNOiRyim. (with printers) a bind of mallet. 

OicoiFFEB, va. to take the head-dress off, to 
disorder the hair. D6coiffer utu bouteHkt 
(fim,) to uncork a bottle. 

DicoLLATiON, rf, decollation, beheading. 

BbcolleSi ENT, sm. nnglning, unpasting. 

Bbcoller, vd. to decollate, to behead : to un- 
dine, tounpaate. 

Dbcollbr (Se), vr, to get nnglued, to come off. 

BscoLLEB, on. (at biUiardi) to hit a ball al- 
though close to the cushion. 

DicoLLETBR, va, and Se Decolleter, vr. to 
uncorer one's neck and shoulders. 

DacoLLKVR, $m. a herring- gibber. 

DscoLORER, va, to discolour, to tarnish. 

BEcoMBREBy M. to clesr the rubbish of a 
building. 

Dbcombres, fm. the rubbish of a building. 

Decomposer, va. to discompose, to dissolve : 
to disorder, to undo : to put out of humour. 

DicoMposiTioy, tf. (chir.) a decomposition, the 
dirision of things into several parts. 

Dbcompte, $m, discount, deficiency. 

BicoMPTER, va, to discount, to decluct. 

Dbc<^mptxr, 111. to abate, to diminish, to lower 
one's opinion of. 

Bbconcertement, sm, (obsJ) tbe being discon- 
certed. 

Bbconcerteii, va, to disconcert, to discom- 
pose, to put out of countenance : to disap-, 
point, to defeat. 

Bbcomcerter (Se), it. to be disconcerted or 
discomposed, to be put out of countenance. 

Deconfxbb, va. to discomiit, to defeat, to rout, 
to overthrow. 

DicoHFTTVRE, rf. B defeat, a discomfiture, a 
complete overthrow, a total ruin. 

Dicov FORT, tm, discomfort, sorrow, uneasiness, 
melancholy. 

Dbcovpobteb, va. to discomfort, to grieve, to 
sadden, to cast down. 

DicoNFORTBB (So), vT. to be discomforted, to 
despond. 

D4coK8EiLi«EB, va. to dissuade, to dehort. 

Dbcorsidbbbb, va. to deprive of regard or 



D&CONTEVANCE, tf. OU DicOKTZNATTCEaSENT, 

<ak (Siviovi) discountenance, abdbhment, 
confusion. 

D&coNTENANCER, vtf. to discouutenance, to 
pat oat of countenance, to abash. 

Dbcohtbkavcer (Se), vr. to be out of coun- 
tenance, to be abashed. 

DicoNTBKTJE, SM. (a6s.) smisfortune, a disaster. 

DicoBATEOR, *m. a decorator, a painter of 
scenery. 

DicoBATioif, tf. decoration, ornament, embel- 
lishment. 

DicoROERy va, to untwist. 

BicoBER, va. to decorate, to beautify, to adorn, 
to embellish. 

BicoRTiCATiON, tf. decorticBtion, the stripping 
off bark or husk. 

BicoRUH, im. (Lat*) decorum propriety of 
speseh tr behariour, seemliness, decency. 

DiooocHsn, vn* to sleep from hone* 
121 



DEC 

DicoirnBE va. to unsew, to uivdo what has 

been sewed. 
DBCOunRE(£n), im.(/am.)tohaveabruBh with. 
DicouDRE (Se), vr. to beunsewed: (Jam,y 
to take a bad turn, to decline, to fall off. 

DicouLBMENT, SM. B ruuniug, dropping, or 
trickling. 

Dbcovleb, tm. to run down, to trickle, to drop : 
to proceed from. 

DicouPER, va, to carve, to cut into figures, to 
pink. 

DscouPEUR, sm.l B pinker, one who pinka 

DxcouPEusE, $f. J stuffs. 

Dbcoupl^, part, well-made, well-shaped. 

DECOUPLER, va. to uncouple. Dteoupkr apret, 
(obt.) to set against. 

Dbcoupure, tf. cutting into flowers or figures : 
pinking, shreds. 

Dbcourageant, adf. discouraging, deterring. 

Decourac.ement, sm. discpuragement, deter- 
ment, dismay. 

DicouRACER, va, to discourage, to dishearten, ' 
to deject, to deter, to depress. 

DicouBAGER (Se), vr. to be discouraged or 
dismayed, to despond. 

Dbcours, tm, decrease, decline. Ledveourt da 
la Inne, the wane of the moon. 

Dicousv, part, unsewed. Style d^cousu, a 
loose style. 

Dbcoukcre, tf, a place unsewed, a gash. 

DicouvERT, part, and a^/. uncovered, open. 
Pays d^couvertf an open country. A vitaga 
dteouvert, adv. exp, frankly, openly. A d^' 
couvertf adv. openly, plainly. 

Dbcouverte, ff. discovery : (mar.) looking out. 

Dbcouvrir, va, to discover, to uncover, to ex* 
pose to view, to disclose, to reveal : to find 
out, to perceive. 

DicouvRiR (Se), vr, to pull one's hat off: to 
make oneself Imown : to unbosom oneself. 

DicRASsER, va, to clean, to take the dirt off, to 
form, to polish. 

DicRABSER (Se), vr. (fam,) to clean oneself. 

DicRiniTEMENT, sm. discredit, want of credit 
or good reputation, disesteem, disrepute.' 

DicRiDiTER, va. to discredit, to deprive of cre- 
dit, to make less reputable, to disgrace, to 
bring shame upon. 

Decr£ditbr (Se), vr. to bring oneself into dis- 
credit, to lose one's reputation. 

DicnipiT, adj. decrepit, worn out with age. 

DicRBPiTATioN, sf. (chem.) decrepitation, the 
act of roasting with a continual crackling. 

DicRvpiTEB, va. (Mffm.) to decrepitate, to cal- 
cine salt till it censes to crackle in the fire. 

DicRipiTER, vn. to crackle, as salts when 
roasting. 

DicRBPiTVDE, tf. decrepitude, decrepitness, 
the crasy state of the body produced by old age. 

Dbcret, sm. a decree, a judicial decision, an 
order, an edict or law : a warrant. 

Dbcbbtales, sf. decretals, the collection of the 
Pope's decrees. 

DicRBTER, ifa. to decree, to resolve by sen- 
tence, to order : to doom by a decree. 

DicRsusER, va. to cleanse and scour silk.- 

DicRi,tfn.adecrial,aoj7ingdown: a disgrace, 
I ' a discredit. 



DEO 

I)bcrib»i va* to cry down : to clamoar again$t. 
to bring into disrepate : to discredit : to pro- 
hibit. 

DicBiBE. w, to desoribe, to delineate : to de- 
floe, to represent. • 

DicRocHEMENT, ttit, unhookuig. 

DicRocHER, va. to unfaook, to take down what 
is unhooked. 

DicRoiRB, M. (obt.) to disbeiiere. 

DicaoittsEMENTf sm. decrease, diminution. 

DicRofTRE, vn. to decrease, to lessen, to be- 
come or grow less. 

DicROTTER, i». to rub off the mnd or dirt, to 
clean. 

Dbcrotteur, tm. a shoeboy, a shoeblack. 

DicROTTOiRB, $f\ asboebrush, a rubbing brush. 

DscnuE, rf. (a new word) a decrease. La crue 
et U d^crue des eaitr, the increase and de- 
crease of waters. 

DACRVHENT or DicREt7SEMENT, Sm. SCOUTUlg, 

rinsing. 
DicRusER, va. (la sole) to scour silk. 
DicuiRE, va, to liquefy, to make (sirups and 

sweetmeats) thiihier by pouring water upon 

them. 
DscupELBR, va. to decont a liquor slowly. 
DicvpLE, adj. and tm. decuple, tenfold. 
D^VRiE, if, a decuria, a band often soldiers. 
Dbcuriok, tm. a decurion, the commander of a 

decur{a. 
Decussation, rf. (apt. and geom.) decussation, 

crossing. 
DiDAioHEit, va. and n. to dizain, to scorn : to 

despise. 
DiDAioNEUsEHEXT, odv, disdaiufully, 8com« 

fiiUy. 
DioAiGNEux, adj. disdainfVil, scomfbl. 
DioAiN, tm. disdaio, scorn. 
Dbdalb, tm. a labyrinth, a mate : embarrass- 
ment, confusion, intricacy* 
DioAMKB, va. {at draughtt) to put a man out of 

its place. 
Dedans, tm. the inside. Le dedant d*une mai' 

ton, the interior of a house. 
Dedans, adv, pr. in, within. Est-il dedant? 

is he within t An dedant et av dekort, at home 

and abroad. Ati dedam,invnLrd\y. 
DinicACB, rf. a dedication : the consecration of 

a church. 
D&Dic A TGI R B , adj. dedicatory . Epitre d£dica - 

toire, a dedicatory epistle. 
DaoiER, va, to dedicate, to dcTOte, to consecrate. 
D4dier (Se), vr. to apply oneself to a thing. 
DioiRE, va. to disown, to deny, to contradict. 
DAoiRE (Se), vr. to rotract, to recant, to go from 

one's word. 
D4dit, tm. a forfeit for breaking an agreement. 
Dboommagement, tm. a compensation, an in- 

demnifleatioo, an indemnity. 
DiiooMMAGER, va. to make amends fbr, to in- 
demnify. 
DiooBER, ra.to ungild, to take off th« gilding. 
DiooRBR (Se), to get ungilt. Ce cadre te dt- 

dore, the gold oT this frame is wearing off. 
DAdormib, rf. (eau) luke-^rarm water. 
DBDOUBLER,va.to unline, to part what is double. 
PinucTioN, rf. a deduction, a mbtractlon : 

•Bwneratiott : th» tiling Bttbtetcte^* 



DEF 

D^uiRBi va. to. deduct, to fubtract: toei^n- 
merate, to yeoount : to draw, to deduce. 

Dbesse, tf. a goddess, a female divinity. 

DbfJLcheb (Sc), vr. to be pacified again. 

Dsfai LL A NOB, tf. K fainting fit, a swoon. Tomber 
en d^illance, to fkint away. 

DipAiLLANT, adj. fainting, decaying. 

DipAiLLiR, vn. to fail, to grow weak, to decay. 

Dip AIRE, va, to unmalve, to undo : to defeat, to 
rout: to free from, to rid of: to untie, to 
break, 

DipAiRB (Se), vr. to kill, to destroy oneself. 
Se de/aire de, to get rid of, to sell, to put off: 
to kill, to dispatch: to leave off: to part 
wit^i, to turn away. ^ 

Depait, part, and adj. undone, pale, thin, mea- 
gre, lean, extenuated, emaciated, wan, wasted. 

Dbfaitb, tf. a defeat, a rout, an overthrow : an 
excuse, a pretence, an evasion : a sale : a 
riddance. ' 

DEFALCATION, rf, defalcation, diminution. 

DipALQUER, va. to defalcate, to diminish. 

Dbfaut, tm, a defect, a vice, an imperfection s 
non-ap}>earancc in a court of justice. ^(r« 
en dtj'aut, to be at a loss. 

DipAuT (au or i), pr. for want of. 

Defaveur, (f. a disfavour, a disgrace. 

Dbfavorable, adj. unfavourable. 

Dbfavorabli^ment, adv, unfavourably. 

Defecation, tf. (chem.) purification, clarifica- 
tion. 

DBFECTiFga<(;.(^r.)d3fective(speaking of verbs). 

Defection, tf. defection, an abandoning of a 
party, a revolt. 

DlpECTEux,a<{/. defectuous, defective, full of 
defects, wanl,ing the necessary qualities. 

DipECTUEusEMENT, udv. imperfectly,; in a de- 
fective or improper manner. 

Dbfectuositb, rf. defectuosity, impepfection. 

Dependable, ad{^, defendable, defensible. 

Dependant, part, of dtfendre, A ftm carps dt' 
fendantt reluctantly, in one's own defence. 

Defend EREssE, rf. a female defendant, 

Dbpkndevr, svi, a defendant, one 9Hed or ac* 
cused. 

DipENDRE,va. to defertd, to standin defence bf, 
to nrotect : to vindicate, to uphold : to pro- 
hibit, to forbid, 

DipENDRE (SeV vr. to defend oneself: to re- 
pel force by force ; to shelter oneself : to jus- 
tify, to excuse oneself, to beg to be excused. 

Defense, tf. defence, nny thing that opposea 
attack, violence or injury : guard, protection, 
security : vindication, justification, apology : 
(jar.) a defence, a plea, prohibition : resist- 
ance, opposition. 

Deiknses, rf, pi, the tusks of a wild boar ; the 
largest teeth of an elephant : (fort.) the works 
which defend and cover a fortified town, 

DiFENSEtTB, i/'. a defender, a protector : a cham- 
pion, an advocate : an asserter, a v^ndicatpr : 
(at iav) an advocate. 

DipENsip, adj. defensive, proper fur defence. 

Ubfenbive, rf. defensive, safeguard. £tre tur 
la d^entive, to bej r to stand on the defen* 
five. ' 



DEF 



DiriQvnntva, (eft«m.) to defecate, to refine, to 
pufse ttom, leet or fevlAeat, tb purify. 

DmnAirr, ml/.eovip) jiagwith, condeBcending. 

Pbpmbn'ck, sf'.deferriioe, Qomplunee : regard, 
letMct: oonphdaenoe, c ona ee cein ion, edb- 



DiF^KBR, i». to confer, to decree : to accuse, to 
impeach. 

BarBRBB, 9n. to comply, to condescend, topaj 
deference or regard: to comply with: to 
obey, to snbmit. 

DintRLBx, tw. {marJ) to nnftiil the sails. 

Dbterbbb, va. to uiisdioe : to confound, to per- 
nlez, to nonplus. 

DBPKBKBa <Se), vr. to be unshod, to come off, 
to be confounded. 

DipBT, SIM. (with hoohelkrt) imperfect copies, 
waste : an overplus sheet. 

Dkrt, jm. a defy, a defiance, a challenge, an in- 
vitation to combat. 

Din A MCE, ff. diffidence, want of conRdencts, 
distrust, mistrust, suspiciou, jealousy : diffi- 
dince* distrust of 'oneself, modest reserre, 
bashfnlnass, timidity. La dtfianee ett la mere 
de la $Aret^, diffl<tonee is the mother of 
safety. - 

DirtANT, ai^'. auspicious. 

Bbficit, stn. {lat,} a deficit, want, deficiency. 

DiriBR, i». to defy, to braTC, to dare, to chal- 
lenge, to provoke, to combat or strife. 

DipiBB (8e), vr. to suspect, to fear, to appre- 
hend : to distrust, to mistrust. 

DancoaBB, va, to diafig^re, to deform : to de- 
ftoe, to spoil. 

BiritB, sm. a defile, a psss, a narrow passappe. 

DariLxa«ea. to unthread, to unstring, to untwist. 

Dbfilbr, vn. (mil.) to defile, to file off. 

BiFiLER (Se), vr, to get unstrung : to be at 
an end. 

Dirnvi, adj. definite: exact, precise,' deter- 
mined : igr,) definite. 

Din NIK, vn* to define, to give a definition of, 
to explain : to decide, to determine, to decree. 

DipxRiTiF, adj, definltire, determinate, express, 
positive: final, peremptory, Ku dtfiniitj\ 
•4<p.erp.by a find decree : definitively, finally. 
We also sometimes say tn d^Jinitivo. 

DariNiTioN, f/. a definition, « description : a 
deeiaion {little uted in this rnite). 

DiFiNTTivBMKNT, adv, definitively, decisively, 
peremptorily: ultimately. 

DtFLAG RATIO!*, tf'. (cfccm.) deflagration, de- 
struction by firo, bfiming, combustion. 

DirLEG MOTION, »f, (^chtm.) depblegmotion. 

DiFLEOMER. va. (c^Mt.) to Qephlegmste, to 
clear apirit or acids of aqueous matter, to 
rectify. 

DiFLEVRAisoir, sf. (hot,) the fall of the flowers 
or blossoms. 

DiritEVRXR, tw.to blight, to nip the blossom?. 
DiFTEVRiR, v». to lose thf blossoms. 
Dbflbxios, $/, (naf. ph.) deflexion, deviation, 
a turning from a true line or the regular course. 
Dbfloratiok, if. (,;«r.) defloration, the aot of 

taking away a* woman's virginity. 
DirtoRBR, va. (Jur.) to deflowrr, to deprive a 
woman of het virginity : to ravish or violate. 
Dirt««n',im. (est.) to flew, 
lt3 ' 



DEG, 

.DiFONCEM XNT, im. atavi|tg, the act of breaking 

a vessel to pieces. 
DiFONcxR, va. to knock out the head or bottom 

of a vessel. Dtfoneor unefataiUoy to stave a 

cask. 
DfiFORMER, va. to deform, to put out of form, to 

alter the form, to disfigure. 
DiroBMiTiiX^. deformity, irregularity of shape 

or features, disproportion of limbs : crooked- 
ness, ugliness. 
DipouRKER, va. to take out of the oven. 
Dbfrai, <m, defraying, discharging, paying 

expenses. 
DipRAYXR, va. to defVay, to bear the charges 

of. Defrayer la compagnie, to dirert, to be 

the laughing-stock of a company. 
Dbpriciiement, sm. the grubbing up or clear* 

ing of land. 
Dbfricher, va. to grub up. to clear g^round. 

D^f richer nne langiie, to polish a language. 

Dtfricher une affaire^ to clear up an a&ir. 
Dbfricheur, tm. he that grubs up untilled 

ground. 
Dkfrisrr, va. to uncurl, to put out of curl. 
Dbfroncer, va, to undo tue folds or plaits. 

D^froncer le lourct/, to smooth one's brow. 
Dsiroque, tf. the property which a monk 

leaves when he dies : what a person pos- 
sesses at his death, 
DBFROQrER, va. to Induce a monk to quit his 

convent : to strip one of his property. 
DiFKOQUER (Se), vr. to quit one s monastery, 

to renounce one's order. 
DBPRtrcTv, {Idt.) remnants, fragments. 
DipuNER, va. (niar.) to unrig. 
DipuNT, adj. and s. late, deceased. Le pera 

dffunty la mere d^fiinte, the late father and 

mother. 
DicAoi, act/, ^®* easy, disengaged. 
DioAOBMBNT, sfit. disengagement, release from 

any engagement or obligation : a back-roopi. 

Un esealier de d^gagetnent, a back-staircase. 
Dboaoer, va. to disengage, to release, to ex- 
tricate, to redeem : to pay off: to liberate, to 

free from. D^gager sa parole^ to call in one's' 

word. 
DicAOER (Se), vr. to free, to disentnngle or 

extricate oneself. 
Die A INK, sf, an odd manner, an awkward way. 
DioAiNKit, va. to uushoatb, to dmw h sword. 

It is also used neutrally. Je n*aime pas a 

d(gttiner, I do not like to draw swords, or I 

am not fond of fighting. 
Dbgaikeur, sm.afighter, abully, a braggadocio. 
DxGANTER, va, to puU oft' tlie gloves. 
Deoanter (Se), vr. to pull off one's gloves. 
Dbgarnir, va. to unfuiinish, to ungamisfa, to 

strip: (TRor.) digarnir un vaitseaut to unrig 

a ship. 
Deoarnir (Se), vr. to leave off part of one's 

clothes : to part with : (speaking of trees or 

plants) to lose its plants or foliage. 
DboAt, sm. devastation, ravage, depredation : 

waste, havock, consumption. 
DioAucHiR, va. to make smooth and straight : 

to plane, to level. 
DioEL, sm. the thaw, thawinr weather. La 

temps est au d4gfli it looks af if it would thaw. 



DEG 

Dbgbler, va, et n. to thaw. U degeU, it thaws. 
PioiNBBATiON, if. degeneration, defl^neracjir : 

a growing worae or inferior: a aecline in 

good qualities : deterioration. 
DBoiNBRXB, V1U to degenerate, to become 

worse : to decline, to decay. Degtntrer en, 

to degenerate into. 
DioiNCANDB, adj, (Jam,) tall and awkward : 

irregular. 
DioLVBR, va, et n. to unglue* to loose anjthing 

cemented. 
DioLUBR (Se), vr. to unglue. Se dtglutr Ut 

yeux, to unglue one's eyelids, to begin tp 

see clear. 
^ Bbolutition, if. (phy.) deglutition, the act of 

swallowing : the power of swallowing. 
Dbgobillbr, va, (pop') to vomit, to throw up, 

to spew. 
DiooBiLLis, im. (jpop.) what one has vomited. 
Dbgoibbr, va. and n. to chatter, to blab : (^tpeak- 

^^ of bird*) to chirp. 
Bbgommaob, sm, wasning the g^um out. 
Dboommbb, va, to wash the gum out. 
DicoNDBB, va, to take off the hinges. 
Dbgonfler, va, to take a swelling awaj. 
Dbgorg£mbnt» cm. the disemboguiog (of a 

river) : a breaking-out, a bursting, an over- 

(lowing. 
D&ooROEOiR,«m. {art,) an engine to clear a 

gun, a priming-iron. 
D^gorger, va. to remove obstructions, to clear, 

to open, to cleanse. 
Bbgorger, vn, to purge, to scour, to sosk. 
Dboorgbr (Se), vr, to overflow, to disgorge, 

to emptj, to discharge, or disembogue itself. 
pBGOUBDi, part, and adj, revived, lively: 

sharp. It is also a substantive. C'est un it' 

Bourdi, he is a knowing one. 
Dbgouaoir, va. to remove a numbness, to re- 
vive : to fotm, to polish. Faire degourdir, to 

take the chill off. It is also used in a re- 
ciprocal sense. 
Bioou RDissEM ENT^m.the removal of numbness. 
Dioo6T,im.di8gust, dislike, distaste, nauseous- 

ness, fastidiousness, aversion, displeasure. 
Dioo^TANT, adj, disgustful, nauseous : fas- 
tidious, nasty, filthy, tedious, disagreeable. 
, DsGodri, part, and adj. squeamish : weary of, 

out of conceit with. 
Dbgo6tbr, va. to disgust : to distaste, to turn 

one's stomach : to displesse, to put out of 

conceit with. 
D&oo^TBR (Se), vr. to tske a dislike to, to be 

out of conceit with. 
Dboovttant, adj. dropping, trickling down. 
Dbgoutter, vn. to drop, to trickle down. 
DEGRADATION, sf. degradation, dismission from 

office : dilapidation, damage : deterioration, 

decay : baseness, degeneracy. 
Dborader, va. to degrade, to deprive of office, 

digpiity, or title : to debase, to disparage : to 

deteriorate, to incapacitate. 
DioRAFER, va, to unclasp, to unpin. 
Pbgraissage, fm. scouring, cleansing. 
DiGRAiBSBR, va, to scour, to clean : to skim off 

the &t : to strip one of part of his riches. 
DioEAisiBUR, tm, a scourer, one who deans 

--earing-apparel, stofSij and the like. 



DEH 

« 

DBOKAi8soiB,im.awringingmachine, aseraper. 

DioBAPPiNER, vn. (mar,) to lift the grabble or 
small anchor. 

Dbg R A 8, im. train-oil : scouring. 

DioRAVELER, va, {kyd.) to clean out a con- 
duit of water. 

Dbgravoiment, m. washing away : mining. 

Dbgravoyer, va, to wash away : to mine. 

Degrb, tm. a denee, a step, a distinct portion 
of space : a stair, a step of a staircase, a stair- 
case : a step, in elevation, quality, dignity or 
rank : order of lineage, proximity of blood : 
measure, extent, proportion : the d60th part 
of a circle : (in colleges and umvenities) a 
degree or mark of distinction. 

Dbg^bbb, va. (mar,) to unrig or dismantle a 
ship. 

DBGREEMENT,'sin. (mar,) the unrigging of a 
vessel. 

Dbor^vement, sm, exemption from the pay- 
ment of a tax or part of the taxes. 

DioREVER, va. to exempt one from paying part 
of his taxes. 

Dbg RING OLER, vn. (/am.) to jump downstairs, 
to run down quickly, to tumble down. 

D£g RISER, va. to make sober again: to take 
away the illusion, the charm. 

Dbgrossage, sm. the act of thiniiing an ingot 
in order to wiredraw it. 

Dbgrosser, va, to thin an ingot before it is 
wiredrawn. 

DEgrossir, va, to chip, to hew : to clear up. 

DsGUENiLLi, adj, ragged, shabbily dressed, 
all in rags. 

DBGUERFiR,va. to quit, to give over, to aban- 
don. 

DiovERPiR, vn. to ffo away, to quit in a hurry, 
to leave a place through compulsion or fear. 

DiouERPiiSEMENT, sm, quitting, the act of 
giving over, abandonment. 

D&GUEvi'ER, vn. (pop,) to cast up, to vomit 
dirough excess of drinking or eating. 

Dbgvignonbr, va, (Jam,) to change the ill- 
luck (at play). 

Dbouiseuent, sm. a disguise, a pretence, a 
colour, a doik : dissimulation, an artifice to 
disguise truth. 

DiouisER, va. to disffuise, to conceal by an un- 
usual dress : to disfigure, to deform : to 
counterfeit, to conceal. 

Dbguiser ^Se), vr. to disguise oneself, to 
feign, to aissemble, to conceal one's temper 
or disposition. ^ 

Dboustateur, sm, a taster, one who tries 
liquors by tasting them. 

Dbgubtation, sf, degustation, the tasting of 
liquors to try their quality or strength. 

Dbguster, va, to degust, to taste. 

DbhJIlxr, va. to take off the sun-burning. 

DBMANciii, adj. hip-shot, out of hip, whose 
hips are out of joint. 

Deiiarnachembnt, sm, unharnessing, the act 
of taking off the harness. 

Dbharnacher, va. to unharness. 

DftHiRBNCx, rf. want of lawful heir. 

Dkaovrk, a^. unabashed, shameless. 

Dehors, sm, the outside. Sauv^r Us dihors^ 
to save, to keep up appeaxuces. 



DEL 

DzBOis, oils, and |ir. oat, oat of doon, without. 
Coueher dehors, to sleep out. Au dehors, out- 
wardlj. DehthorsyfromwlihovLU Kn dehors 
or par dehors, without, out of. 

Dkicids. Ml. deioide» one of the murderers of 
Jesus ubrisL It is also adjective. L«p«up/« 
dSieide {alluding to the Jews), the murderers 
of our Sariour. 

DiiPiCATioN, tf'. dojfication, the act of deify- 
ing or enrolling among the heathen deities. 

DiiriZR, tMi. to deif/, to make a god, to enrol 
among the deities. Jules Ctsar fat d6iji£, 
Julius Cesar was deified^. 

DiisMB, sm. deism, a belief in one God with- 
out worship or revelation. 

DiisTE, sm, f. a deist, a follower of deism, a 
freethinker. 

DiiTB, rf, deity, divinity : God, the supreme 
Being : a fabulous god or «)ddess. 

Dijl, adv. already, then, before. 

BxjscTioN, sf» (phy.) dejection, excrements, 
the act of voiding the excrements : the mat- 
ter ejected. 

DLisTxu (Se), vr. to warp, to shrink, to cou- 
tracU 

DijEtsk or D£je6nkb, sm. breakfast, the first 
meal in the day. Un d^ieunt a lafourehette, 
a breakfast with meat. Un d^eune dinatoire, 
a hearty luncheon. 

DiiE^NEK, vn. to breakfast, to make the first 
meal in the day. 

DijoiNDRE. va. to disjoin, to loosen. 

I>ijoiNDBs(Se), vr. to warp, to be oiit of joint. 

DijouER, va. to disconcert, to counteract, to 
firustrate, to thwart, to baffle. 

Dijuc, gm, the time when the birds leave their 
roosts, unroosting. 

D&jucHER, va. and n. to unroost, to leave the 
rooet : to drive away. 

BxlI, adv. thence, from that time* from that 
place. At the head of a sentence it means 
hence, used as a consequence, Vous nttudiex 
JM4, doUt vient que vous n*apprenex rien, you 
do not study, and that is the reason why you 
learn nothing. 

Del!, pr. beyond, on the other side. 

DxLA(Aa-), adv. and pr. beyond. ITallez pas au- 
dela do not go beyond, Au'dild du palais, 
beyond the palace. 

DitABREMENT, sm, B ruiuous condition, a dis- 
orderly state. 

Dela BRER, va. to tear to pieces : to pull down, 
to ruin : to impair,' to lessen, Santt de- 
labrie, a precarious state of health. 'Riputa- 
tion dcUibr6e, a tattered reputation. 

BiLACERf va. to unlace, to loose a woman's 
stays. 

BiLAi, sm. a delay, an adjournment, a put-off, 
a postponement : a stay, a stop. 

DiLAissEMENT, sm, desortiou, the state of one 

who is abandoned, cast olSor forsaken. 
DiLAissft, part, and adj. abandoned, destitute, 

(brloni, forsaken, friendless. 
DiLAissBB va. to abandon, to forsake, to give 

over. 
DiLARDBHENT, sm. {arch.) chamfering, the 

act of Boaking furrows on a column. 
Di^JkBDiR, va. (arcA.) to chamfer, to chaatt»l. 
185 



DEL 

Delassbmbnt, mi, refreshment, relaxation^ 

ease : diversion. 
Delasser, va, to refresh, to relax. 
DiLAssER (Se), vr. to repose, to rest, to relax, 

to divert oneself. 
Delateur, <m. 1 • ^ 

DiLATEDSE, ^. I •" •«'^»"' " »«»"»•••• 

DELATION, sf. a delation, an information, an 

accusation, an impeachment. 
D^latter, va. to unlath, to take off the 

laths. 
DiLAVB, (2((/. {speaking of colours) pale, weak 

in colour, bleak. 
Delayant, sm, (phy.) a diluent, a diluter. 
D&LAYEUEMT, SIR. B diluting*, au allaying. 
DiLAYEB, va. to dilute, to temper. Delayer 

des xufs, to beat eggs. 
DiLECTABLE, adj. delectable, delightful, highly 

pleasing. 
Dblectation, sf. delectation, great pleasure, 

delight. 
DiLECTER, va, to delight, to please, to afford 

gpreat pleasure or entertainment. 
Dblectbh (Se), vr, to delight, to take a pe* 

culiar pleasure in. 
Db Lib ATios, sf. delegation, commission, the 
act of putting in commis&ion : the assign- 
ment ot a debt to another. 
DiLicATOiRE, adjn (jur.) delegatory. 
Dbl£gu£, sm, a delegate, a deputy, a commis« 

sioner. 
DiLJtcvER, va, to delegate, to send away with 
powers to act, to depute : to appoint, to 
assign. 
DiLESTER, vn. (mar.) to unballast, to unload 

ballast. 
Dblesteur, sm. (mar.) an unballaster, a bel* 

last-lighter. 
DiLirkvLE, adj, (jphy.) deleterious, poisonous, 
mortal. Plante dcltttre, a deleterious 
plant. 
Deli a iso n , sf. unbound masonry. 
Dbl;bbrant, adj, deliberative, deliberating, 
fit to deliberate. AssemhUe d^liberante, a de- 
liberative assembly. 
DBLiBBRATiF,a<(;. deliberative, apt or disposed 

to consider. 
Db^ibbration, sf. a deliberation, the act of de- 
liberating, consideration : a debate : a re- 
solution, a determination : a vote. 
DkLinknlt, sm. (jur,) a final resolution, 
DfiLiBBRi, adj. deliberated, determined, re- 
solved : bold, resolute : easy, free. De pro- 
ptis d£lih6r£, designedly, on purpose. It is 
used in an unfavourable sense. 
Dbliderbment, adv. deliberately, boldly, re- 
solutely : easily, freely, with ease. 
Dblibeuer, va. to resolve, to decide, to deter- 
mine. 
DBLTBiRER, vn. to deliberate, to balance in the 
mind, to take into consideration, to consider* 
to weigh, to examine. 
DiLicAT, adj, delicate, nice, pleasing to the 
t^ste, excellent, exquisite, delicious: fine, 
choice, select : weak, soft, effeminate : ten- 
, der, scrupulous : ticklish, touchy, dangerous 
to med^e with. Morceaux dtUcats, dainty 
biU. il/aired^<icate, a ticklish affair. 



DEL 

D^LicATiiccKty adv, deUofttoljr, bicetir, dain- 
tily: finely, curionsly : gently, softly. 

DiLiCATER, ifa» to cocker, to punper, to fondle, 
to indulge. 

D^LicATESbB, sf. delicacy, daintiness, nicety ; 
beauty, elegance ; weakBeas, of constitution, 
softness, effeminacy : tenderness, scrapu- 
lousness : any thing pleasing to the senses. 
Let dclicatetsei d'une langue, the niceties of a 
language. 

Drlice, $m, (^little vud) or D&lices, sf. pL de- 
light, pleasure. Les d»Uce$ it tn table, the 
pleasures of the table. V^tude fait mee 
d^lieet, I delight in study. 

Drlicieusement, adv, deliclously, sweetly, 




Dblicieux, Mj/. delicious, highly pleasing to 
the taste, sweet, delicate : agreeable, charm- 
ing : exquisite, perfect. Fruit dflicieuXf a 
dinicious fVuit. Vn aateur dilieieux, a charm- 
ing author. 

DiLicoTElt (Se), vr. (speaking of a. hone) to 
unhalter. 

DiLii, parr, and adj, untied : slender, fine, 
thin : acute, subtle, sharp, cunning, crafty. 
Tailte d^tite, a slender waist. 

DiLiBii, 1MI. to untie, to loosen, to unlace. 

DiLiN&ATioN, sf. delineation, first draught (of 
a thing). Outline, sketch, design. | 

VihiSQVAvr, sm, a delinquent, an offender, 
tme who commits a fault or crime. 

DftUNQUER, vn. (jur.) to offend, to infringe 
the law, to trespass, to commit a fault or 
cnme. 

DiLiQUEscfiKCE, sf.(ehem.) deliquescence, de- 
liquation, a melting, a dissolving. 

DiitQiTESCENT, adj. (dketn.^ liquefying, dis- 
solving. 

DiLiRANT, part, and adj. delirious, nving, 
doting. Imagination d^lirante, a raring ima- 
gination. 

Dblire, sm. delirium, a roving or wandering 
of the mind, disorder of the intellect : alie- 
nation: rage. 

Drlirer, vn. (a'new word) to dellrate, to be 
in a state of delirium : to dote, to rave. 

D^lisseRi va, (yjith paper-makers') to sort the 
rags. 

DAlit* sm. a fault, an offence, a crime. En 
flagrant dcUt, in the very fact. 

Deliter, va. {arch,) to lay stones contrary to 
their cleaving grain. 

D&LtTEscEKCE, rf. iphy.) the sudden disap- 
pearance of a tumour. 

Pklivravce, {f. deliverance, release from 
captivity, oppressido, or any i^straint : a re- 
lease, a rescue : the act of delivering, giving 
or transferring a thing to another : a surren- 
der : a woman's delivery. 

piLivHB, rf. the after-birth, the secundine. 

PiLivRBR, va. to deliver, to set free, to re- 
lease : to free, to rid ftom slavery, ftt>m 
danger, or restraint: to surrender: to put 
into one's hands : to give, to offer, to pre- 
sent : to save, to rescue. 

l)iMVRBuft, sm. a deliverer, a liberator (oftio- 
>t€^ in this sense) : he who distribntes pro- 
liona or muiutu)fls to the loldien. 
196 



f)£M 

DkhoGitutvr, sm, a rsmovsl, the actofremot- 
. ing, a'moving off: (mil.) a marching off. 
DiLOOBR, va. to dislodge, to remove or drive 

from a place, to turn out, 
Dbldger, vn, to remove (from chouse), 
to leave a place abruptly, to run awaj, to 
disappear : (mil.) to remote an army to other 

quarters, to decamp, 
D^LOYAL, adj. disloyal, luithleas, false, per- 
fidious, treacherous. 
DiLOYALBXENT, ailr. disloyally, inadisloTal 

manner, faithlessly, perfidiously, treache- 

ronsly. 
DiiLOYAUTi, */. disloyalty, want of fidelity: 

perfidy, treachery. 
Dbluoe, sm. deluge, any overflowing of water, 

an inundation, a flood: deluge, the great 

fiood in the time of Noah. 
Dblustrbr, vd. to take off the gloss. 
DisLUTER, va. (ehem.) to unlute, to take away 

the lute or cement of a chemical vessel. 
DiMAGooiE, sf. demagogy, a popular faction. 
DiMAGOoiQUE,ad;. demagogic, factious, 
D£maoogue, sm. a demagogue, the chief or 

leader of a faction : a popular and iactieva 

orator or writer. 
DiaiAiGRiR, tMi. (areh.) to cut off, to thin (a 

stone or a piece of wood), 
DiuAiGRiB, vn. to grow less tliin. 
DiMAiORissEMENt, sm. (arch,) featheredge, 

cutting off, thinning. 
Demailloter, Vd, to unswathe, to lose from 

the swathe. 
Dem AiN, sm, and adv, to-ttorrow. Je vous donne 

demain pour me payer, I grant yott the whole 

of to-morrow to pay me. A demain, adv. till 

to-morrow. AprH demain, the day after to- 
morrow. 
Dbhanciier, oa. to take off the handle : (mus*) 

to shift. 
DiMANdHER (Se), vr. to get unhinged, to be 

off the hinges : to go'on badly. 
Demande, sJ. a demand, a question, a <ilaun : 

(6ar) a demand, a suit. 
DEMANnER, va. to ask, to ask or call for*, ta 

question, to inquire after : to beg, to cravtf, 

to solicit, to sue for, to request : to claim, 

to demand : to want, to require, to wish for, 

to desire. Demander ^uelgu*Hn, to ask for 

one. Demander a boire, to eall for something 

to drink. Demander pardon, to beg pardon. 

Combien demandez-vous de ee/41? How moch 

do you wftnt for thati 
DemandbH, vn. to ask. Je ne demande pas 

mieux, I wish for no better. 
Demandbiiessb, rf. (Jut.) a femide plidntiff. 
Demand EUR, sm. a demander, a dun : (Jur,) a 

plaintiff. 
Dehandbvse,* sf. a she-demander, a f^mil# 

dun. 
Demangeaison, sT. itch, itching: (fam.) aa 

immoderate desire. ^ 

Dkmanoeb, vn. to itch. It is mostly used Im* 

personally. 
DiMANTBLEMBNT, ssi. dismantling. 
D&MAMtELBR, va. to dismantle, to strip of fbi^ 

tifications. 
DinrjLirrtBcti, ifkm,) votof ^er,1rtok«i. 



DifliimB«rtiBB» m. (/am.) to put outdf ord«f, 

to OMik. 

DixABCATioNi ^* % demarcation: limits, 
konndft. 

DixAKCHB, <f. a step, a pace in ^ing : gait, 
action : pFooiisdilig, meature, attempt. J'at 
fail les premieret dimafeheM, I have made the 
fintiHinmces. 

DiM^akKa, vs. lo tmmany, to divo|3ce. 

DiMARiER (Se), vr. to get unmarried or di^ 
forced. 

Dbmarqubr, tNx. to nnmark, to take off the 
nark. 

DixARaAGE, gm, {mar.) nnmooriog. 

0i]iARttfeit» vn. (mar,) to Unmoor, to temore, 
to put to aea. 

DixASQUER, va. to nnmask. D^nmufvrr quel- 
fa'wi, t» make one known sneh as he is. 

DixAiTiQUEnt «a. ti^ take 6ff the mastic. 

DixATAOB, Mt. (mat*.) the dismasting of a ship. 

DixiTER, VII. (mar.) to dismast, to unmast, to 
destroy the masts (of a ship). 

DiatL^, $m, a dt'btte, a dispute, a quarrel, a 
contest, a strife^ a contention. 

D&mAler, CO. to separate, to part, to disen- 
tangle, to find out, to discoTer. to perceive : 
to unimYel, to distinguish, to know again : 
to eontast, to dispute, to contend. 

DixiLER (Se),- vt, to extricate &r disentangle 
e n s aoi f, to get dear off. 

DixiLoiii, <M. a Urge tomb. 

DixtxmrKMKNTi tm. i diamembeiine^t, a di- 
Tifton : tli« thing dismembered. 

D&xBMBnE»» fu. to dismember, to divide, to 
detach. 

DBii6{iAQR«BKT,fm.ft removal, the tnmsportof 
0Qe*B furniture from one house to another. 

DteixAOftn, «s. to TM&OTe» to transport one's 
fnaitara ttonn. one place into another: 
(/an.) to narch awajr. 

JikmntCE, tf^ tanency (inutki), tmal loss of 
understanding, madness* 

OiHsxik (8«), «r. ifam) to struggle, to be 
agitatedk 

Dbhenti, «m. wefds tending to char6;e one with 
•aHiag a fib : the shame of not boving suc- 
ceeded. Js n*en iiwroi pat le dtmenti, I will 
■01 put «p with the affront. Donittr k 
drsMuct, to oontradict. 

Diatvnii, OS. to give the lie, to deny the 
tiuth of a thing, to belie, to contradict ; to 
ipaak sr act againsu 

Dixtxnii (Se), or. to say the ctmXntf of 
what OBO baa said : to be inconsistent with 
so i aa i f; to chaogo, to relax* 

UsirtafTU, sw. demerit, an ill -deserving. 

BAaiafrruii^ on. to demerit, to do amiss, to 
ds w i i fc blmne er eensttto. 

Di^XEsona, adj, huge, excessive, immoderate. 

DitttsvaiMBirT, «<v. excessiroly, beyond 



DixstTBE, M. to dislocate : to turn out, to 
daSMidt to diomfiat. 

D4HEma (So), is% to p«t out of joint : to lay 
down, to abdicate, to resign. li »*tit dtmh 
k ^m, ko has pat his ann out of jowt. Se 
d^hntfo 4$ m pwtiitsttcf, II te7 dowtt one's 
power. 

i«r - 



DEM 

BftHStTBLZMteNt, MO. uafhmishing, the act of 
taking the fyimiture away. 

DsMEUBLXR, va. to unfumish, to take away the 
fVimiture, to strip. 

Demeurant, sm, 1 (bar) he ct she who re** 

DafiiEURAirrx, ^'. J sides. 

DEMEURANr (Au), adv* as for the rest, be- 
sides. 

Dbmbvrakt, a((;. residing, who resides. 

D EM SURE, «f . a dwelling, a place of residence* 
an abode, a habitation, a sojourn : (bar) a 
stay, a delay. 

DsxiuBER, vn. to lire in or at, to lodge, to 
reside, to dwell, to abide : to stay, to st6p, lo 
remain, to delay, to tarry, to be a long while : 
to continue, to be permanent, to last. De* 
iM^rer court, to stop short. Dtmturtr d*ae- 
cord, to agree. En demetirtr id, to go no 
farther, to speak no more of a thing. 

Dbmi, aij, half. Un dnni'jjonce, half an inch. 
Uti pouee et dtmi, an inch and a half. Une 
demi'toiu, halt' a fathom. Vnt toite et demie, 
a Ihthom and a half. 

Dfixr (A), adv. half, hj half, by halves : al* 
most, imperfectlr. 

Dehi-bain, «m. a half bath. 

Demi-cercls, sm. a semicitale. 

Dehi-deuil, sm. a half-mourning. 

Dexi-diev, tm. a demi-god. 

DEMi-noiTZAiNfe, tf. half a dosen. 

Dbhi-heure, sf. half sn hour. 

Dexi-lieite, $f, half a league. 

Dbxi^livre, xf*. half a pound. 

DteMi-LuME, sf, {areki) a crescent: '(mlU) a 
half-moon. 

Dfetti-HitAL, sm. ■emimetal. 

Debii-okce, ef, half an ounce. 

Demi-quarteron, em, half a quarter of g 
hundred. 

Deaii-saison, sf, spring and autuB&n. 

I)£xi*siTiRR, sm. a half-pint. 
V Dbmi-soldb, tf. a half pay. Cfficier H la demi" 
teide, an officer on half pay. 

DxMt-8ovVERAiK, tm, half B sovercign. 

Dehii-teintb, if. meSEOtinto. 

DeHi-tON, tra. a Semitone. 

Demi-vent, stn. a sidewind. 

DBMi-voYEf.tB, sf\ a semiTOwel. 

Demi, adv. half, almost, not quite. Demi^cuit, 
half done. Dfmi-mort, almost dead. 

Demis, a<{j. andpart.ofDRMETTRE, out of joint. 
Out of order. 

DiMiBsioN, sf, resignation, the resigning of aj& 
office or employment: (jur.) tne making 
over of an estate. 

D&niftsioNNAiftE, adj, et s. a tesigner, a fe» 
sig^ee. 

D&MocRATE, «m. a democrat, a democratist': 
one devoted to democracy. 

DiMOCRATip, ^\ democracy, government b^ 
the people. 

D6xocrXtiqits, adj» dfmocratio, democratieii!. 

Dbmocratiquement, adv. democratically, in a 
democratic manner. 

DsMoidBLLE, sf. a miss, a ytmng lady, an un- 
married genuewoman, a damsel, a fbmalo 
attendant: amuaer: a dragctn-fl^. 

D&MouBi va. to deMltth, lo tbtow vr full 



DEN 

down, to nxe : to destroj, to ruin. DSmoUr 
un mur, un edifice, to demoliah a wall or an 
edifice. 

DEMOLITION, s/*. demolition, the act of pulling 
down or destroying. 

DsMOLiTiq^fs, pL the ruins or rubbish of a 
building. 

"Dltuos, tin, a demon, an evil spirit or genius, 
a devil. Faire U d^mon, to play the deuce, 
to make a devilish noise, to bluster. , 

Demonetisation, sf, the act of stopping the 
circulation of a coin or paper-money. 

DiMONRTisER, va. to stop the circulation of a 
coin or paper-money. 

D&MONiAQUE, <m. and/f a demoniac, a human 

^ being possessed by a demoi^ 

D^MONiAQtJE, adj. et s. demoniac, demoniacal, 
influenced by demons or evil spirits : pas- 
sionate. 

DiMONSTRABLE, adj. demonstrable, that may 
be demonstrated. ProponHofi dtmonttrabUf a 
demonstrable proposition. 

DEmonstrateur, <m. a demonstrator, one who 
demonstrates, proves or teaches. ' 

DiMONSTRATiF, odj. demonstrative, having the 
power of demonstration. 

Demonstration, i/". a demonstration, indubita- 
ble evidence of the senses or of reason. 

DiMONSTRATivEMENT, odv* demonstratively, 
clearly, plainly, with certain evidence. 

DiMONTER, va, to dismount : to take to pieces, 
to undo : to disconcert, to confound : to dis- 
appoint. D^monter un canon, to throw a 
cannon, off its carriage, to render a cannon 
unserviceable. 

DsHONTRER, vn, to demonstrate, to prove be- 
yond the possibility of doubt, to show, to 
prove, to make appear. 

Demoralisation, ff. demoralisation, destruc- 
tion of moral principles. 

DiMORALiSER, va, to demoralize, to corrupt or 
undermine Uie morsls of. 

DiMORDRE, vn. to let go one's hold, to desist : 
to alter one's opinion or resolution. II n*en 
dtmordra jamaii, he will neyer give it up. 

Demouvoir, va, (jur.) to make one desist. It 
is mostly used in the infinitive mood. 

DEmvnir, va. to drain of ammunition. 

D^MUNiR (Se), vr. to part with. II »*ett d£- 
muni de $on argtut, be has parted with all his 
money. 

D&MURER, va. to unwall (what was walled up), 
to open. 

D^HusELER, va, to uumuzzle, to tdce off the 
muzzle. 

D^NAiRE, adj. denary, often, containing ten. 

DsNATTEn, va, to unmat, to untwist. 

DiNATURALisATioN, if. (o ncw wordy privation 
of the privileges of a subject. 

DiNATURALisER, va. (a new word) to denatu- 
ralize, to deprive of the privileges of a subject. 

DiHATuai, adij. unnatural, void of natural feel- 
ing or affection : unkind. 

D^NATURER, va. to cbangc the nature 6f a thing, 
to misconstrue, to pervert. D^naturcr tin 
bUn, (Jur,) to convert an estate into disposa- 
ble proper^. D^naturer une phrati, to -alter 
the sense ot a senteaoe. 
128 



DEN 

Dbndritb, im. (pierre) a dendrite, a stone 4>r 
mineral in which are the figures of shrubs or 
trees, an arborescent mineral. 

DitN^GATiON, sf, denegation, a denying : (Jur.y 
a denial. 

DbnEral, tm. a coiner's standard. 

DiNi, sm. a denial, a refusal. 

Dbniaisb, sm. a sharp or cunning msn. 

Dbniaisement, an. a sharping trick, the art of 
cheating fools. 

Dbniaiser. va, (fam,) to teach wit to a fool, to 
cheat a simpleton. 

D£NiAisER(Se),vr. to learn wit, to grow sharp, 
to be less silly. 

Deniaisbub, $m. a sharper, a cheater : one who 
teaches wit to a fool. 

D^NicHER, va. to take a statue out of a niche : 
to take birds out of their nest, to unnestle : 
(^fam.) to dislodge, to turn out. 

DEnicuer, on, to march off, to disappear sud- 
denly. II a dimch6 la nuit, he ran away in 
night-time. 

DiNicHEUR, sm. one who takes birds out of 
their nests. D^nicheur de merles, a sharp or 
cunning fellow, a sharper. D6mchewr de 
fauvettet, a fortune-hunter. 

Dbnier, «m. a denier, the twelfth part of the 
old French sou. Denier de jtoids, a penny- 
weight. Denier a Dieu, "eameet. An demer 
vingt, five per cent. Deniers, p/.' revenues. 

DENIER, va, to deny,' to contradict, to gainsay, 
to declare not to be true : to refuse. 

D^NioRANT, adj. denigrating, blackening. 

DiNiGREMENT, fin. denigration, a blackening : 
aspersion, reviling. 

D&NiGRBR, va, to denigrate, to blacken : to de- 
fame, to revile. 

Dbnombrement, sm. enumeration, numeration, 
a numbering, a list. Faire le dbnombrement d% 
peuple, to number the population. 

DiNOMBRBR, va. (o6s.) to enumerate, to nume- 
rate, to number. 

Dbnominateur, sm, a denominator, thai num- 
ber of a fraction which shows into how many 
parts the integer is divided. 

Dbnominatif, adj, denominative, that g^vea a 
name. 

Denomination, sf, denomination, the act of 
giving a name : a name or appellation. 

Dbnohmer , va, to denominate, to name, to give 
a name to. 

DiNONCER, va. to denounce, to proclaim, to 
tell, to declare solemnly : to inform against, to 
accuse : to impeach, to charge with a crime. 

DiNONciATioN, sf, B denunciation, a denounce- 
ment : a proclamation, a proclaiming : an ae- 
cusation, an information, an impeacnment. 

DENOTATION, if. {obi.) denotation, the act of 
denoting. 

DEnoteb, va. to denote, to mark, to show by a 
visible sign : to show, to betoken, to indicate, 
to express. 

Dbnoubment, sm. the solution, the end, the 
conclusion (of an affair) : the catactrophe of 
a play. 

DiNOUER, va. to untie, to undo : to unravel, to 
clear up : to lesolve, to render more supple 
or nimble* 



DEP 

Dkonft (S«), vr. to grow loose, to loosen : to 

glow more sappla sad nimble. 
PsHsis, rf, eonuaoditj, were. Denriu, pL 

proTuioDs. Les denriei aont bien ehem cetu 

tnuif6t, proTiflions are yerj dear this year. 
Dbkse, o^'. dense, olose, thick, compact. Uor 

ut pim dews que I'mrgeut, gold is more dense 

thso silrer. 
BsNUTi, sf. deositj, elosenese, compactness. 
DsvT, j^. a tooth : • notch. Dents de lagesse, 

thewisdcm-teetb. Denti de lait, ronng teeth. 

DaUi midielieres or molmret, tne molars or 

grindsTS. Cammet or cBiUiret, the eye-teeth. 

J^enU artifieieilet, artificial teeth. Avoir une 

dent centre quelqu*un, to hare an old grudge 

sgaiost one. Jitre tw let dentt, to be harassed 

ermarj^ 
Dbxtaibb, ff. (a piosit) toothwort. 
BtyTAULB, n^. pertaining to the teeth. 
Dsstal, a^, (gr.) dental, formed or proooonced 

hj the teeth with the aid of the tongue. 
DtNT-DB-CHixM, sf. (u phnt} dogstoo&i. 
Bkht-ob-lion, $^, (a piont) dandelion. 
Dtirri, a^j* dented, indented, notched. 
BtNTii, If. the bite which the greyhound giyes 

to the liare : a bite irom a wild-boar. 
DBiiTxi.i, adf* notched, jagged. 
BiMTXLZB, va. to indent, to cut ioto indentures, 

to jag, to notch. 
DtvTBi.i.B, tf, bone-lace, lace. 
Bkxtblubb, rf, (sctiZp.) indenting, notching, 

dented-worit. 
BnsTBB, «•• to indent or dent. Denter une 

«VMc, to eog n wheel, 
DsBTicuLB or Dentblxt, hr. (arefc.) a denti- 

de, a nnall tooth or projecting point. 
BixTiEB, fat. a set of artificial teeth. 
BtmromMB, adj, dentiform, in the form of a 

tooth. 

BEVTipfticB, Mk dentifrice, a poi^der to be 

used in eleaninir the teeth. 
BxsTitTB, sm. a dentist, one whose occupation 

isto clean or extract teeth. 
BaKTiTxoif, ^, (pfcy*) dentition, the cutting of 

teeth, the time of breeding teeth. 
BinuBB, tf\ meet of teeth. 
BavvDATioii, tf. (ehir.y denudation, the act of 

naking bare : the state of an uncovered bone. 
ui:tvi, a^, destitute, naked. 
Bs«vBVB)rT» fin. bereavement, depriration: 

distress. 
BsyvxB, w. to bereaye, todepriye, to leave in 

s state of great distress. 
BiPAQOBTBR, eo. to unpack, to open a ||^arcel 

w bundle. 
BsFABAGBR, M. O'ur.) (o marry a person be- 

knr one's conditioa. 
BipABEiLLi, part, and adj, incomplete, odd. 

(Jn ouvnge d6pareiU6t on imperfect work. 
BipABEiLLRn, va, to unmatch, to spoil. 
B^rA-BBB, v«. to strip, to disfigure. 
BipABiBn, vm. to unmatch, to take away one 

of the objects which usually go in pairs: to 

part the male from the female. 
BipABLBB, va, j[^ain.) to give overtalking. It 

is oaly need negaiively. II ne d6parle point, 

he does not cease to speak. 
DirjjiT, MR. departure^ a departing, a setting 



DEP 

out. litre tur ten d£peart, to be on the point 
of setting out. Depart dee m£taux, the part- 
ing of metals. 

Dbpabtageb, oa. to give the casting vote. 

DipABTEMENT, tm. B department, an office : a 
repartition: a distribution: a department, 
one of the new divisions of France. 

Dbpabtembntal, 04/. department«d, belonging 
to a departnient or office. 

Dbpahtie, ea.to divide, to distribute, to make 
a repartition of. 

D^partir (Se), VT. to desist, to recede from : 
to abandon, to give oyer. 

DipAssER, va, to draw out, to pull out : to go 
beyond, to exceed : to outrun, to outdo. 

Dbpaveb, va. to unpavoi to remove the pave* 
ment. 

DiPAYSER, on. to take out of the native coua* 
try : to put on a wrong scent. 

DipicEMENT,jm. a carving or cutting in pieces. 

D^pECER, va, to carve, to cut in pieces, 

DipECBUB,8m. a ripper, one who buys old shipt 
or boats to break and sell them. 

D^pftcHE, if. a dispatch, a letter on public af- 
fairs : an express, a hasty messenger. 

DipicHBR, va.to dispatch, to send away hastily^ 
to forward : (/mn.) to put to death, to kill* 

D^picHSR (Se), vr, to hasten, to make haste, 
to do one's work in a hurry. 

DlfcpEiNDRE, va, to depict, to describe, to paint, 
to pourtray, to represent in words. 

DiPENAiLLE, adj. {fam.} ill-clad, ragged, tat* 
tered, dressed in tatters. 

DipENAXLLEMEMT, <m, raggeduoss, the state of- 
being ragged. 

DipENDAMMENT, sdtf. dopeudently, vrith de- 
pendence on. 

Depend A19CE, sf, dependence, dependency, a 
state of subordination, subjection : connexion* 
D^pendances, pi. appendage, appurtenance. 

D&PENDANT, adj. dependent, subject to. the 
power of : at the disposal of, in the gift of, 
another. 

Dependre, va, to unhauff^ to take down. 

B^PENDRs, vn. to depenaor rely on: to pro- 

^ ceed from, to be in a state of dependence : to 
adhere to, to rest upon : to be in the gift of: 
to hold by tenure. 

DspENs, sm. pi, expense, cost, charges. Vivre 
aux d6pens d^autrui, to live at other people's 
expense. 

DipENsx, sf. expense, charge : a pantry. ToUe 
ci^peiiM, prodigality. Faire la dipetue, to pay 
for house-keepin|{. Fairs de la d^pense, to 
spend a gpreat deid of money, to live in style. 

DipENSER, va, to spend, to expend, to lay out 
money: to consume. 

DipENSBR, fit. to lay out mon(ey,to spend. Dt- 
penser mal a propos, to mispend 

Di^pENsiER, adj. prodigal, wasteful. 

Dbperditiom, tf. deperdition, waste : loss, de- 
struction. 

DEPBRin, vn. to decay, to fall off, to waste; to 
pine, to weax*ftw&y by degrees. 

Dbperissement, sm, decajr* a decaying, a de- 
dine, a diminution, a falling off, a waste. 

K 



DIp^TiiBk, va. (6 frdd or tid fh>m, to illsen- 

- tthgle. 

D^piTRER (SeJ, w. to rid, to free of dlsen- 
taligle onesetf. 

'DipBuPLKMENT, «m, depopnlation, the act of 
dispeopling-, destrtiction or expulsion of in- 
habitants : the state of a depopmated country. 

DftpKVPLEi^, ttt; to depopulate, to dispeople, 
to unpeople, to deprive of inhabitants. 

I)bpi&ceA, va, to dismeinb^r, to cut in pieces. 

DipiLATip, adj, depilatory, having the quality 
of taking off haif. 

DspiLATioy, sf, depflatioti, the act Of pulling 
oH^ the hair. 

DitpitAtoitiE, sm, a depil4torr» any appHca- 

• tionl^hich takes Off hair. ^ 
Dkpiler, va, to depilate, to strip oS hair. 
©ftpiLUii (8e), to lose one's hair. 
DkfiqvEn, va, to soften or allay one's Ul- 

• • htimotir, spite, or resentment. 
DipxpiTEtt (Se), t>r.tobea8e to be ill-htimoured 

. or ah^ry. 

Dbpister, va, to trac6 the steps of the pame : to 
• dtsebrfer what one is about by observing him. 

DipiT; sm, spite, malice, anger, rancour : 
. t«katioh, pet. 

Bn pit'tr DE, pr. in spitb of, in defiance of, 
againM. JBn ^^pit du hon sens, against coih- 
mon sense. 

UipitBR, TO. to vex, to fret, to makis fengrjr, 
spiteful or peevish, to provoke, to despite. 

BiptTBR (Se), vr, to firet, to be rested, to be 
fretful or peevish. 

DipiTEtTZ, &dj, crt>8^,jpettish, apttob6 vexed, 
. spiteful, despiteful. 

Dkpt.ACEMENT, sm. dlsplaififng-, reihoval.. 

J)£pLAC£R, ya, to displace, to take another^s 
plac# : to depriro of employ : to transpose : 
to misplace, to put in a wrong place. 

XHkpLAiRE, vn. tb displease, to be disagree- 
able t t6 vex, to trouble, to offend. Ne vout 
d&plaiie or n« vova en d^plaise, by or with 
your leave. 

Pbplairk (Se), vir, to dislike, to be displeased 
with. Je me d^laitfort datis ce payt, I havB 
a great dislike to this country. 

1)6plai8aNce, ff. dislike, disinclination, aver- 
sion. 

PipLAisAKT, d<(;« t^npleasing, unpleasant, dis- 
agroeable. 

Dbplaisir, tm. displeasure, discontent, dissa- 
tisfaction: trouble, affliction, uneasiness, grief. 

DipLANTER, va. to deplant, to remove a plant, 
to bansplsnt : to pluck up. 

D&PLANToiR, sm, (gard,) a tool for displanting 
and transplanting. 

Dbplatrer, vn. to unplaster, to taka off the 
plaster. , 

Dbplibr, va. to unfold, to open, to display. 

Di^Lisssii» va. to uttplMt, to undo the plaits of. 

D&PLoiEMENT, sm, a display, the act of dis- 
playing : the effects of it, 

I^Ibplorable, tuy. m./.deplarabte, lamentable, 
that may be deplored or lamented : sad, 
calamitous, dismal, grievous. 

DBPLORABLfeMENT, odv. deploittbly, iu s man- 
ner ^o be deploi'ed, lamentably, miserably. 

'DlPLOAEti, va, to deplore, to xnneat, to be* 
130 * 



bfep 

wall, td ttiotiTfa: to pity, ib feel '^Mp mA 
poignant .grief for. 

Dbplo YB, part, and adj, vnfbl^itd. A gin-^0 d^- 
ploy^e] adv. exp, immoderately. * 

DEPLOYS a, va, to display, to show, to exhibit, 
to set forth, to muster : (mar,) DSphoyer &i 
voiles f to loosen the sails. Enseignes d^ploif^es, 
flying colours." Hire a gorge diployfet tg 
laugh very heartily. 

DipLVMBR, va, to pluck off the f^Mithets. 

DiptuMER (Se), to lose one*s featheri, to 
. moult. , 

DipoiNTER, va, toVmplait afetuff, id cut the 
edge off. 

DfipoLiik, id. to take off the poKsh. 

t)iP0LtR (Se), vr, to lose the polish. 

Deponent, adj. (gr,) deponent. Verlk de- 
ponent, a deponent rerb. 

Depopulariser, va, (d new word) 'to render 
unpopular. 

Depopulation, if. depopulation, ^Apeoplifig. 

DiftpoRT, sm, (jur.) delay. Sans rf^ort, with- 
out delay. • 

DfipORTAi^oN, sf, deportation, tranifportationf 
a removal to a distaiit place, exiloi banislk^ 
ment. - 

Dbport£, sm, one senteneed to transpoitatiotL-, 

DftpORTBMENT, sm, ^Httlt used in the stn^tdr) 
deportment, demeanour, behaviour, cArrilge, 
conduct. DSportementSt thi. pi. immoral con- 
duet, 7rre|;ular behaviour. 

DipoRTER. va, to transport by wity of banish- 
ment, to banish, to send into ^xile. 

DipQRTER (Se), vr, (bar) to desist frM ': to 
giye over, to abtodon. 

Dbposajit, s»i.1 (Jur.) tn depOnent, te eVi- 

DEP08ANTE,»f. J dence, a witness. 

DftposER, va. to depose, to diStltron'e, tb de- 
grade, to dismiss : to divest of office : to give 
up, to lay down, to resign : tb deport, to en- 
trust: to commit to the care of: to settle. 

DipQSER, tn, to bear Witness, to giye testi- 
mony on oath. 

DiposiTAiRE, srh, a depositary, a tnistee. Z> 
d^poiitairt d*nn secret, a confidant. 

DEPOSITION, sf. deposition, the act of dethroii« 
ing a kiug, or degradiiig a person from idi 
office or station : a dismissal, a degradation ; 
an evidence, a testimony. 

Diposs^DER, va. to dispossess, to deprive of, 
to disseize : to turn over. 

D^possEssiON, ff. dispOsseHsi^n, theactof d!li» 
possessing or putting out of possession. 

Dbposter, va, {mil,) to drive from a post. 

Dip6T, sm, a deposit, any thing entrusted to 
the care of another : a repository, a store- 
house, a warehouse : a trust, a d!iarg« : % 
sediment. 

DEpoter , va,(agr,) to take (a plant) out of a pot. 

Dbpouorek, va, to comb Out die powder, t^ 
dust. 

DipouiLLE, {f. the skin of someiinimals : liaW 
vest, crop : a man's corpse and effects after 
his death. Dipouxlles, pi, spoil, plunder. 

Dbpouillement, sm. a stripping : theclbseex* 
amining of an account, of a ballot, of docu- 
ments, and the like. 

Dipor iLLXR, ttu to strips, to take offthexAdttM/i^ 



ei9p of: to ypk* to pluadeir : to ^990x09/$, to 
Bake extracts from : to east off, 
JHf09iLi.BR (Sb), vr, to ptiip, to undreM* to 

poll off one^s clothes : to get rid of, to lay 

•Mdo. 
Dirouavoia, ««• (if onltf uttd in the vrf. mnd 

ptrU pmat) to improvide, to leare lupro- 

Tided or dBStitato, to deprivo, to stripr 
JHawjwflrv, part, fad «<(/. unpioTided, dofttiF 

tnte. A^ d^pmarvu, m£f. wfkvwpmi^ 
DitrnAr^XTvm, ma, a depraTor, a compter. 
Dif AAV Anon, f^. depraTatioii, dopnyity, oor- 

ivptuw : a vinaied stato, 
DsFA4yv», «f* to depfavOf to make bad or 

worse, to Titiato, to oexriipt, to parrart, to 

taint, to footaaunate* 
MpaacATiv, a4f» depraoative, d^preciitory* 
JlwaiiSAnoVf 4(< • dopnac^ti^tt, a siteuMtTe 

prajer to obtain pardon : anaatiMlj. 
Dipsto«Tipif» ff. a d0|wwMlmit tb« a^ €f 

Imsening or crying down price or yaUia* La 

d r^wfei a K gw df» pflpicr-aiaiiiMttf, tbo dapwpiar 

tiott of baDLJ^-Botoa* 
Hirmictu, w. to deprecuta, to lesaan tlie 
. pac)0 ^ t»Ib» of* to underrslue. 
DtFrniDATBirn, tm» adapKedator, one wlio plnn*- 

dev^ paUagaa, azobber, a spoiler, a waatas. 
itfr^iAA*! Oil, ^. dapvadatioii* a robbing, a 

pillaging, a spoiling : waste, ooosiunptioii. 
I^a»aii>sB, ma, (e6f.} to yXvmdfir, to waat^. 
JH9»ui9mM» vom to datach, to loosen, to diaen- 

gagot topaot. 
DipnBNnns (Se), vr. to get detacbad* to ax- 

tonato ar fioae on o aa tf , to part witb. 
DipnEssnn, va, (with bookbindert mad prtntfrt) 

to toko out <if ^ praaa, to tol^a tba gloaa oC 
Diraaaaioic, «f. dofwaioii, tba aot of piaaa- 

iag davA c bnaodiatioB, ^baaevneiit. 
I>ipB&w*i»» «>• to «aprepoaseaa» to vnpiv- 

Jvdiop, to five firan prajndicoa. 
DlpaiTsirut (1^)» «r. to lay down ana's pre- 

pMiimaimiii or pro)iidicas. 
BipsiER, Ml. to diainnto, to 9t9d a» apidogy 

lAer % immal tmritotioa. 
BimiMsn, ««. to daprasa, to proia or Uiiiist 

4awM : to disparage : to rilify, to dobaae, to 

bosBblo : to wakf to l<yw«r. 
IttpRisan, «a. to doapisei: to depmsiata* to 

■adiwriliie, to mdomto, 
HspvcBLm, va. to daflavsE* to dspnae a 

vamm. of lur virginity. 
l>ipucsLi.nMXMT, sm. defloweriog, 
Dipna, pv. «|id atfv* ainea, . horn vor oiace 

tbattiiao. l>ipK9 ^iisiid? bow long ia itf 

DepHupau, a little wbilo ago, not long aihce. 

D^mit lawg iiaijn, this great wbilo. D$pmu 

te tampi-l^f ever since. 
ftnvia ovBv oMifu ainoe. ZVpnii fUBJg vom at 

««, since I saw yon last. Ikpuu puje ma wmt 

mm^, luring ^ tum^ Idid not see you. 
DapvnATtr, a^f* alanaiag^ purifying. 
.DimsTiotf,^. (£baai,)dmpiu$tMm, tb» aeC of 

aeparatittg the pure from the impmra part. 
iHwaAaotsB. mdj, dapuatovy* It to depnrato. 



Davori, nn, » dapsty, ^ pi«ao« appwaffid tP 

aet for anotbar : i vicerof > a delegate* 
DipvTER, va, to deputo, to ^ppount find afod 

with a vpeaal <K»nmiaaic>ii ^r aiitbority, to 

delagat^. 
DsAAciNEMENT, Ml. s rootiog up, A plucking 

ap by tba root« piirooting. 
DiBAciNBR, sa» tp root upi to abamnoatoi to 

pull up by tbe r90t9» to #r]i4ioat|u to ^*^ 

pato entirely. 
Dabaixea, vn, (matf) to bp drifan ^cMEAtb^ 

anchors and iprped put to aea* 
Dbaaidia, va, to nnstiffan* to nuih* pllMtt 
DiiRAisoN, rf, want of reason, waii$ of 



DapuACRfMi.to depurate, to IMriQr, to alaanae. 
MMMBa«ioO(«.'|f. ftqpntaitoPt dotogatinn : tbe 




l^t 



pAAAisQNKABLAi 0^^- !»•/• m»rpt »fl m ib l e » opn* 

trary to reason, sens^efs : unjust* exorbitont* 
DiAAiaDiiVA»i4Atfm(T, advM iiTiwwMioiMbiy> tiOp 

jwtly* 
Daraisonnsr, vn, to qpeak nonaeniWy to lilk 

irration«lly : to nT(Bp 
DiiBANGi, fmrt, and od/. dtoOidpr|^> of llfafB* 

lar oonducl, v|>oaa aAiin are ii^ a b«4 fMh 

4ition. Eumacd^fim^, a aiclc arapgoh^ . 
Dia ANGEMENT, SSI. disoioer, con^iaMii« tioiaWe» 

perplexity. i)6-«figia|SAt ii*f»fn^« dimniilii- 

ofaiijBd, J)^raiig^MA»t df tont^* » bftd itMf 

of health, 
DifiRANgBA, vn, to der^ngv, ^ jHit ptitof p iad nt » 

to duorderi to displace : to iibponiBiAda* lO 

put to incQimreoieiipab Mi dMpoiicM* to4i«- 

ponpoae, to traverafk« 
Dbramgee (Se), vr. to taki9 to bad wurawPi to 

UwnndimaAukj^i topiitop^a^«^^tb» 

way. 

PiAAPEA* «». (aiar,) to kiiweii(ibe «B^tor| 

from the ground. 
D^AATEA* iw. to tabe tb» miU a«t. 
Ih^AAv«A«,|f.afuzsow tbttditddf^lifAMf^ 

J^AABQASP, 4ldtf. OAOa mOfA, agBIA, MVf J«0piD« 

afresh, anew, 
DinkoUkfO^j, gnndy: imnififA^» imgiblfc 
out oi prdar : dia«Qbito» lieenS«i|«, IfMin- 
perato. 

JHnioLKUwt, am. daaardar^ cmpf^Mis 4m^ 
orderly USe, izn^gidar aaAdMot, ItoMtwMia- 
ness, debauchery. 

Pi a£o{.aiibki!, : 0^9, . ii|oidipiM|r, j k to rd i«l| u 

loosely. 
D^RicLEA, va, to diaardtB, to po* tR» pf pgder. 
D^AioLAA (8e>, «^, to be (M|t ivf prjpr, 
DiRiDER, va. to unwrinkle : to makeJ^Ai^or 

oheeiiiil. 
DiRiDER (Se), vr. to dear up, top)e«r<ba|||piw, 

to loob phaerfiiL 

DiAisiotr, ff. doQAiiHit niAob«(3r^ S faoa WT^ 

dMsion, to torn into ndioilp* 
DliAisoiAA, a4;. -deriaoiy, yioplfiiAg^ lyiifiVAH' 
pAAiTATxiR«ii4;.(gr.)darivatiye: (^^) 4iicp;i%' 

ing. 

Di^RivAviOA, ff. doriTiikMiii : (ga.) ^ t^mr 
of A word froBi ito.puiginri : <p/^) tfcua diiw* 
ing of A buAiOttr fronooo pvt pf tbe b^ 
into another. 

Dinivi^, if. (aWn) Anbip'a d^liept^i^)A«9llH» : 
driring. £» cf^dtiSr pdf* odri^ 

BAoiVA, on. (gr«.) ^deitivp^iRii •iwddklMJ^ 
from another. 



DES 

Bi^Ktvxii, m. (mar.) to get detr of the ehore, 
to fall to leewsrd, to drire : to derire, to 
' pvooeed from. 

DxSME, «m. (phif,) the human skin. • 

Dbuvizr, <m. the last. Avoir U dernier, to hare 
the iMtTeply. 

DsBNiER, adj. last, the highest, the greatest, 

' the Qtmoet. En demitrlieu,not long ago, lastl^r. 

DBRviftRSMBNT, adv» Ifttelj, recently^ a few 
days tgo. 

Dbbob^, jMrt. and tU(f» robbed, stolen : priry. 
Etealier d£rob£, a prirate staircase. AtatU- 
rob^s, udv. exp, by stealth, privately, clan- 
• destieely. 

DiROBER, va, to rob, to steal, to take away by 

• art or- force, to plunder, to pilfer : to dires^, 

• todeptrveof: to hide. 

'PinOBBB (Se), vr, to steal away, to fly from, 

to disappear. Se dcrober ^ la vue, to get out 

of light. 
PinooATiON, sf. (Jur.) a- derogation, an in- 
' fraction of the law. 

3>Abooai*oibz, adj, derogatory, derogating. 
DiftooBANCB, $f'. a dero^atoriness, &ie act of 

derogitiikg. 
IMnooBANT, adj. derogating, degrading. 
XMboobR) vb. to derogate, to do an act con- 

trazy to law or custom, to degrade oneself. 
JHsovotB, vat. to take off the redness. 
DAboooir, vh. orSEDiBoi7GtR,vr. to become 
' leaa red,' t» lose the red colour. 
J)iROuiLLBMENT, «m. nibbing oft' the rost : the 
' eilbot of nibbing. 
DiBoviLLBR,iw. to mb off the mst : to polish : 

to teach manners : to brighten. 
I>i«ovLBicEiiT, am. BBfDlUng : (geom.) genesis 

ofacnrre. 
DiBOULEB, tMi. to «nrol, to spread out. 
DiBOOTB, if. a rout, a defeat, an overthrow : 

disoi^er, confusion. See ajfairee ami en di- 

route, his affairs are in disorder. 
JdinovTEB, va, to put out of the right way, to 

lead BBtfBy : to puixle, to diseoncert, to per- 
plex, to bewilder. 
DB&BiikBB, ftn. the back, the back part, the 

backside. • Sw U deiriire, on the back part, 

backwards. 
JDiAbbxAbb, ado. and pr. behind, after. Fur 

darriere, from behind. Sens detant derriere, 

• th€ cart before the horses. 

Debvis or Debtichb, em. a dervis, a Turkish 

priest. ' 
Pes, art. of or from the : some (expressed or 

uBdentoed). 
Dka, pr. from, from the, since. Dh a pr^eent, 
« ham. this moment. Die^lon, from that time. 
Dits QUE, eonj. as soon as, since. 
•Di8ABtTSXMEKT,mi.Bdisabusing,anRndeceiTittg. 
jDiMABvsBB, va. to disabuse, to undeceive, to 

set right. 
J>ftsAccoBn, MR. disimioD, breach of concord. 
D&SAOCOBVBB, vd, to ufttuno, to put out of tune. 
1>B8AceoffPLCR, vs. to uucouple, to disunite. 
DiMAccoDTvai ANCE, sf. (obs.^ disuso, desttctude. 
JNtBAccovTVUBii, va. to disaecusumi, to de- 

Btroy the ibroe of habit by disuse. 
XMwACKKKmiMBK (8e)y virU^ -leave off a eustom 

^ habit. 

I3ft 1 



DES 

D^SACRALANDEB, va, to huTt the euBtom of a 
shop, to make a shop or a tradesman lose Lis 
customess. 

DssAroiTRCHKR, vfi. (suir.) to unmoor, to heave 
up an anchor. 

DbsAFFVBLER, va. or Sr DiSAFPUBLER, IT. to 

unmuffle, to undasp, to unbood. 
Dbsaoenckr, vs. to disadjust. to disorder, te 

discompose, to put in confbsioa or out of order. 
Dbsagbbablr, adj. disagreeable, not agreeable, 

unpleasant, ungftkcious : offensive. 
DasAOBiABLEMENT, adv. disagreeably, unpYea- 

santly, in an unpleasant or offensive manner. 
DRSAGRiER, vn. to displease, not to pleaae. 

Se$ manieres me d^tagrient {little need in thie 

Mff«0), I dislike bis msnoers. 
Dbsagrxer, va. (maK) to unrig aship. 
DisAGRiaiEKT, em. disagreeableness, unplea- 

• santness, ofRmaireneas : vexation, disgust : 
imperfectioo. 

Di^SAJusTER, va, to discranpose, to put out of 

order. 
DisALLiEB (Se), vr. to disparage oneself by 

an improper match or marriage. 
DisALTBREB , ve. to quench the thirst, to refresh. 
DzsALTiRKB (Se), vf. to quonch one's tldrst. 
DisANCREB, va, to take the reed off. 
DisANCBEB, vn, (mar.) to weigh anchor. 
DisAPpoivTEMEMT, fm. s disappointment, ade- 

feat of hopes. 
DasAfpo'iNTSB, va, (Utile need) to cashier: to 

• disappoint (princifMUy veed in the poMiet). 
EUe a 6t6 dieappointce, she has been disap- 
pointed. 

DxsAPPABEiLLEB (better d^pabeilleb), va. 
to unmatch. 

DisA pp A B I EB , vs. (speaking eftirde) to unSEUrtch. 

UftSAppBENDBE, VN. touuleam, to forget. 

DisAPpBOBATBVB, ttn. 1 bo 4)r she who disap- 

Di^MPPBOBATBicE, «/^ J pToves, B misHkor. 
It is also used adjectively; Un geete dieap^ 
probateur, a sign of disspprobation. 

DisAPPRODATioN, if. disapprobation, adiflsp- 
. proving : dislike, censure. 

DRSAPPBOPBXATioNfff.disappropriatioB.thtfact 
of depriving or divesting oneself -of property. 

Dbsappboprieb (Se), vr. to give np the pos- 
session of, to divest oneself of property. 

DasAPPBOWER, va. to disapprove, to dislike, 
to find fault with : to censure, to blaaset to 
criticise, to condemn in opinion or nidgment. 

Di^ABBOREB, va. (ffiar.) to strike, to haul down 
the colouiB. 

DisARfoMNBB, va. to unhorse, to dismount, to 
unsttddle : to confound, to pusile, to non- 
plus : to supplant. 

D&SARGENTER, tw. to scrape off the silrer: (/am.) 
to drain of cash. 

DisABMEMBMT, mh. b rodootion of forces, tile 
uikrigging of ships. 

DisABMER, va. to disarm: to appease^ to pa- 
cify, to quiet. Diwrmer un vaieteau, (mar,) 
to unrig, to lav up a ship. Dtearmer U vote, 
to unstow the bolt. 

DisARiiER,ffn. to disarm, to lay down aims: to 
disband an amy. 

DisABBiiiBR, ra. (mar.) to ahi|t the stowage in 
the hold, to uostove. 



DES 

DssAiiot,' JM. (u motUj used with m sad 
<2fjii). a pitiful state, disorder: trouble, 

• oonAisioo* 

DuAssEMBLEB, ta. to tske to pieces, to take 

aaoBder. 
DiiAssociBm, M. to disassociate, to disconnect 

tJiin{^ associated : to dissolve a partnership. 
DuamObtib, va. to .unmatch, to disunite. 

Ouvngt demstorti, an imperfect work. Ma- 

rmge dcmturti, sn ili-sorted marriage. 
DssASTBE, tm. a disaster, a misfortune, a mis- 

l»p, a mischance, s calsmity, any unfortu- 

nste erent. 
DstASTBBVs^MXNT, m2s. dissstroiisly, in a die- 

bmI sManer. 
DssASTBBvz,<ii(/. disastrous, unluckjr, unfortu- 

asce, calamitous, causing loss or injury: 

gloomy, dismal, threatening disaster. 
DiiATTBiftEB, va. to cbesr up, to comfort, to 

eoUTen. 
DssAYAMTAGE, wi. s disadvantage : an injury, 

• loss, a daaoage. 

DifATAKTACBK, vc. (o6i.) to disadrsntsgei to 
prejudice, to wrong, to injure. 

DiSATAXTAGEvsxifBKTaedv.disadTantageottslj, 
with disadrmntage : in an unfarourahle light. 

DisATANTAOxvz, a<(/. dissdvantsgeous, detri- 
mental, prejudicial : unfavourable, injurious, 

' eoBtiary to interest. 

BiiAvcr, <m. a disavowal, f disavowment, a 
daaial, a disowning : disapprobation. 

DisAVEuoLEB, va. to opcu tne eyes of, to take 
■way the blitidness. It is mostly used in the 
Igurative sense, and means, to undeceive, to 
sstfree fibom a mistake. 

DiiAvouKB, «8. $0 disavow, to denjr, to dis- 
own: to disolsim, to disapprove, to dissent 
fiwi. 

BncELLBB, t». to unloose what, is frsteaed 
with plaster, to unfiuten : to unseal. 

Bescekdamck, sf. descent, birth, eztxaction, 
fac sg e , oftpnng, posterity. 

I^BCBiTDAMTtflR. desoeudsnt, oiTspring, progeny. 

DsMBBDANT, od/* doscondiing, fidling down, 
liridng. 

vucsBiniE, ea. to descend, to take or bring 
down. DctesMdrs la rivitrt, to go down the 
liver. Dmeendra VeicaUtr, to go down stairs. 
J^tumtdre la gartU, to come off guard. 

I^Eii0BB,«». to descend, togo» come or walk 
down: to fUl (as a river) : to alight from a 
^one sr carriage : lo land, to make a descent, 
to iavsde : to condescend, to humble oneself: 
to IsU from a high station : to come from a 

^ntnuBiov, «f. (att.) descension. Deicennan 
drtjto, obiijmtt a rig^t or oblique descension. 

pocBBTB, ff. a descent, coming or going down : 
>n inoMnation, a declivity : slighting, land- 
ing:, an invasion, a hosnle entrance into a 
>toto: agiittar: ani]>ture. 

racmimr, adj, descriptive, contsining de- 
scription, tending to describe. Narration 
d«eripc«M, a narrative description. 

^ttcairnoif, ^adeecription, an enumeration: 
a representation, a definition. 

JHwrnAfcLAOB, ja». an impaojufig, the opening 
sfapaBcelsrlMde, 
133 



DES 

DnsEsiBAiLBKi va. to unpack. D£$embaU$r <2m 

marchandi$e$, to unpack goods. 
Dbsembarqvembnt, im. idisembarking, land-. 

ing, removing from on board a ship to land. 
DisEMMARouEB, VS. to disembark, to debarfc» 

to unload, to put on shore, to land. 
Dbsembarrassb, adj. free from incumbrance. 
D&sEXBouRBBB, M. to .take out of the mire or 

mud. 
DisBMPABEB, va. sod ». to quit or abandon a 

place, to withdraw : (mar») to disable or lay 

up (a ship). 
Dbsempeseb, va, to unstarch, to take offth* 

starch. 
DisBMrLiB. oa. to empty wholly or in part. 
DisEMPLiR, tm. to be always full. In this 

sense it can only be used negatively, as : Sa 

maison ns desemplit pai , his house is always 

full of company. 
DisEMpLiR (Se), vr. to grow empty. Ms bowrta 

90 diMomplit, my purse is getting emp^. 
DBSEMBBtsoNNEB, va. (fam,) to tske out of 

prison, to set free. 
DbsemchaIner, va. QittU tuad) to unchain. 
DisENCHANTEMENT, <Bi. » disenchanting* n 

freeing from enchantment or the influence of 

charms. 
DisEKCHANTEB, vtt. to disOochsnt, tofree frooi 

enchantment : to free from a passion. 
Dbsencloueb, va. to unnail, to draw a nail out 

of a horse's foot or a cannon's touchhole. 
Dbsekdormi, a4j. (littUtued) half awake. 
Desenpileb (une aiguille), vs. to unthread a 

needle. 
Desevpl-eb, va. to bring a swelling down. 
Desemfleb (Se), vr. to lose n swelling, to de- 

crease. 
Dbsenflure, tf. a decrease or cessation of 

swelling : an assuagement* 
DisBNGRENEB, VS. to froo froffi, to disentsngle, 

to disengage (a wheel). 
Dbsenivrer, va, to sober, to mako sober, to 

cure of intoxication. 
DisBNivBEB (Se), vr. to get sober again. 
DisENLACEMENT, im. a disentangling from a 

snare or a net. 
DissNLACBB, vs. to dissntsngle from a snaro 

or net. 
D&8BNLACEB (So), vf. to disontsngle oneself. 
Dbsennuyer, va. to drive away melancholy, 

to amuse, to divert. 
Desbnnvyer (Se), vr. to dispel mdancholy, to 

divert or smnse oneself:- to kill time. 
D&senraybb, va. to' unskid a wheel, to take 

the trigger off awheel : to leave off. 
Dbsenrhumeb, va. to cure a cold. It is also 

pronominal. Jo me nus d6ienrhum£, I havo 

got rid of my cold. 
DbsenrAlbmekt, tm, a discharge from a mill- 

tsiy service. 
DesenrAlbb, vs. to discharge a soldier. 
D£henr6ler (Se), vr. to get one's discharge 

from military service : to resign. 
D4sRKH0UEB, vtf. to curo a hoaraeness. 
Dksenroveb (Se), vr. to get rid of one's 

hoarseness. 
DisENSEVELiB, VS. to Strip « corpsc : to dig out 

of Uiegnre. 



OSS 

D&«£iiTKiiii)ift/(oft#.) rather Bftjf DiTtAftMi to 

dig out of the pt)und. 
B&sxNsORCBteii) 1)0. to tmbewiteh, to free froBl 

the powet of witeh(ifaft, to diionohtat. 
Pi^BNsoitdELLiiiEifTi sffi* aft unbowiteUng^ iL 

disenchanting. 
D^fffiitTftTfiR, va, to work out of eoneeit, to on- 

deeoive, to set right, to bring to roaaon. 
DisENTORTiLLER, va. to uutwist, to untw}iio« 
DiistTfTRAYtft; va, to tinfottef, to froo from 

fetters. 
D&8ENVENXMER, va, to remove yenom* 
BESRNVEttoucR, in, {mar,) to unbend a tail. 
D&8BQUIPSR, va, (mar,) to nnrig a ship. 
DESERT, tm. a desert, an nnii£abitod ttaot of 

land, a solitude, a wilderness. 
BAsEftt, adj, desert, tminhabitedl, wild, waste, 

unculdTated, solitary. 
Deserter, va, to desert, to fbrsfllWi to loat^e 

Peserte^, vn, to iiih tWH^, to quit a service 

without pehbission. » 

DisERTEVR, sm, a deserter, runawoyi ft fbgi- 

tire : a soldier or seaman who qtrita the ser- 
. vice withotit permission. 
D&^ERtloiY, rf, desertiotf j fOfti&iiig a oinio or 

post : quitting the army : (Jur,) nottsnit, 

the iHthdrawingf of at ^pcfal. 
DitsESpi^RADE. sf. (i Ifi) oiv. earp. (vte^) ^loo^- 

ratel^, rtishly. 
Di8K8t«iRAT4t, odj. ftatrsing despair, (^totis, 

afflicting : excessively trnpleaiian f . 
DisEfipfihE, sm, a despeiado, it desperate ftl* 

low, a iiirious man, a madman. 
B&sEdpini, part, and adJ, de«pOrlitOi hopolets, 

despaired of, iitetrievftblei 
Di8E8p£R6MENT, odv, desperately, fitrfonsly, 

madly. 
Di8E8p£RER, va. to htfTWV€ of aH hOpet, to 

drive to despah', to gHe^e tO eleess. 
PisEspiRER, vn, to despidr, to hd #itlMrat hope, 

to glVe op dl hope or expeetstion. 
DiBSRsp^RER (Se), vr. toiUI into despair, fobe 

frantie, to he excessively grieved : to malce 

awflj with oneself. 
P]fcsE8PoiR,«m. despair, hopeleMlieoa, a ho^- 

less fttiiie, exeeMive grief. 
Dxs9ABiLLi, mi.a dishabille ordishshif, ttitin- 
' dfess, a nOfl^igent dresi for AottOrAisg. It 
' is odly appuod to femal^i. 
Pi8nA.Bii.LER, va, to undre08| to ^1 OiT (he 
' clothes, to disrobe, to uAeoter, to strip. 
DisHABtLLBR (Se), vt, to pull Off one's eiothesj 

to strip. 
PisHABttA, adj. tminhi^tOd, &0t liiteMtod, 

having no dwellers. 
PiSBABiTVER, va. to disteeustom, tO hn^ one 

out of a habit. 
PisiiA^tTtJER (Se), ITT. to hroak oAewAf out of 

a custom or bahit. 
PisHARHACHEii, iw. to tifllianiegk^ to takeoff 

the harness. 
Pisii^RTTER, VA. to dlflihoir : (imiHtt) to dis- 

herit; to disinherit, to d^barftora infaoritance. 
PiiSH0!)NitE, adj, dishonest, ^id of hohetty : 

indecent, indecorous, unchaste : dbsoone, 

DisnoNNilTBMSNTi adv»dishonei0y, MeoeaUri 
134 



Dm- 

DisBoirNint6,ff.(afti«)^Uibo»Mtf,iiiiieofte3r» 

immodesty* 
PisHONNEUR, sm. dishonour, disgrace* ignoaU* 

ny, shaaio, Ittfuny. 
Di8HONOBABLB,a4;.(o6f.)disgracefttl,shamoAll» 
P&sHONORAHT, Mdi. diihoniMirabl«, shmaoftd* 
DisnowoRABLEMBHT, odt^* ((tItJs «imI> disho* 

nourably, ignomimoMly. 
PisHONORER, INI. to disoonour, to diifFoeo, to 

bring shaae or reproaeh on. P^tkenoiw itka 

fiiUt to ruin a girl. 

PiSHUMAillSEB, M. tO dlvOtt fli llVttMBlIf » lO 

unman. 
DibstoNATiPi ai{f. dotif^BOllTO^ siweiiying, sboir* 

ing : serving to designate or indiotto* 
PAsioNATiOH* «f. dotighatioB, deseriptiOBf ith- 

dieation, a showing or pointing: netftiaatkb* 

appointnontj 
DistoNBR, BO. to dedgHfllo, to Mga, to d»« 

scribe, to mark out or show, to point oat : to 

BOUiinMe, to aOoigiif to appoiat. 
PisiNcoRPORBR, DO. to disiOtoiponitOi 10 io* 

panto iitlriBg fMint tho body witii wbiob i^ 

was incorporated. 
PisiitBBFOBi ^4 (gr.) teiMmoo* tmndm/Himt 



P&stwFAtoMt, «s^ to diiob«io« lotttdoeoifo (ill 

inftitiivfod poMoA)« 
PifisiNFECTER, tw. to disisfoot, fotoN«fft^ 

io^tioi: to oloaMO^ to purify < 
Pb8infbOtioi9, iff disidfoetiOft* psrliotftioii 

frooi iofeoting matfor, 
Pisf ktArAssA, fMri, Oiid a4f, dlsliitoMOtod, «n- 

iotoMfstod t tobiOMOdf Mii^rottt, iUKpartkl. 
PisiNTERBSsEMBNT, nlt4 disiotsofslodnoia : 

freedom Ifaik blot, iftdlffmreaoo, ksptmiaU 

Ify. 
PisiNTitREssBR, vtt. to indemnify, to Mtrfto 

amonds, to eoftpoftOfcto. 
DisiNviTilt, OS. to disinrHo, Co ftodl as km* 

tatioo. 
PisiR, m. a dedro, Oft oadotioii of fho adnd 

ditootod 10 (bo alwlOiiMal of wImI wo do aol 

poiseiO,- Bft inolinotiOOi a w}ah, m loiigifttf. 
Pbsirable, adf. m.f. desirable, WorthT Of do* 

sii^, appotiblo, to bo wiibod for: ploaoiag^ 

agreedbk, dolightfitl. 
PistB»li, 9a» to Mlfo^ to wiib ht Ibo psoaos- 

sion or onjoyitteM of, to oorot* Co widi, to 

kmg for, to hatikor aftori to foqoiMy 10 

dOttand. 
DisiRBUx, adf. doalidasj wlobiag fot, oofot- 

iog^ sotioHoos to poosisBi oogor, loagibg 

oftor. 
P&sisTEMXNT, tm. dosistanoo, a coasing lo Oo| 

or proceed* 
DUsfftTBii (So)f or. to Jjiist, to coaao to oot 

or ^roooed, to stop} lo loavoofff to aban d o n, 

to give ovor* 
Pis-Loos, ad»4 iiooo or inm that Cifto. 
PittoaixB, vn. to dlaoboy, to traasgraaa «& 

oidOT or Uriunotloii, to iefaoo to do ariioc ft 

eommonded, to do wliot is foibid. 
P£80Bii8sAivcBi sf*. disobedioaoe, ftogloot or 

refusal Co obey i tttoiog t o s aioft, un d ttt i falna Ba ; 

incomplianco. 
Dibso«ilisBAiir» oi9« 4lo6boAioait, »agtocf8af o^ 

refusing to obey, undutiM* 



J)iMonto»Mnwmx, adv. difiobUgiiglji iii a 

<UsobIigi|ig mmnex, unldndlj : o0eii»ively« 

DisoBLio E4 Nc E, <f . an iuikindiMis,aii iiuuTiUij. 

Pi«oai.iGK4NT, od?*. disbbUgiog, not obliging, 

onkipd : vneiTilt oSwaive, unpleasing, an- 

accommodating* 

DicoBLicBANTE, sf, a eoacb that biolda one 

clagie person. 
Db5oblioxr, imi. to disoblige, to contrarene 

tha will or d^iires of a&other, to displeaae. 
Dbsobstructif, 04/* (f*y*) deobBtruent, re- 

inoring obatructionB. 
PisoBSTBUBR, va* (pf^y*) to deol)Btract, to 

core an obBtraction: (^09/1.) to unbar, to 

^iaeiitai»gl«. 
Disoccupii ION, $f* leiBore, tbe atate of a per- 

fon who baa no occupation or emploj. 
PaaoccupBB (So), vr. to be unoccupied or un- 
employed, to be idle, to be at leiaure. 
BisauvBB, jxB. an idler* 
DiMBuvRB, aty. at leiaure, nnoocupiedfbiiaileaa. 
Dbbceutrement, tm, want of emplojr, indo- 

lenijQ, idlepeaa. 
DisoLANT, adj. grienms, afflicting. 
DiaoLaTBUB, ^t a deaolator, one wbo deaO' 

tatea or waa^a, a deraatator. 
DpaoLAtiONt ^'i deaoiation. deatmction, total 

niin. deraatation : grief, affliction. 
DaaoLEB, va. to desolate, to laj waate, la ruin, 

to rayage, to deatroy : to grieve* to afflict, to 

teaae, to Vez. 
DaaoLBB ^Se), vr* to grieve, to motira : to be 

aadljr gnerad or afflicted. 
DaaopiLATiF, a4/. (phy,) deoppilatiTe, de- 

pbatment, aperient. 
DiaopiLanoN, $fk deoppilation, tbe removal 

of obatruetioBfi. 
OisopiLBB, va» to deoppilate, tocletir a pas- 
sage, to free from obatructionB. 
Diaoai>oirirBB, va. to put. in diBorder* Un 

d£sir deiardonn£, an inunodexate desire. 
DBSORooBRiiiBNT, edx>, diaordinatbly, exces- 

aivel^. 

Dbsobdre, «m. diaorder^ eoikiuBion, irregula- 
rity-: tumuHydlaaenaion, quarrelling : buatli^, 
distBrbanoe, riot, negleet of rule, breach of 
laws : discomposure of mind, turbulence of 
paaaiona. 

DaaoROAMisAtBUR, oJ^, and 1. a disorganiser, 
one who introdncea disorder and conmsion. 

DiaoROAKi8ATioi«, tft. diaorganization, the act 
bf diaorganizing : tbe /rtate of being diaot* 
ganised, aubversioQ of order. 

DiaoaoAinaEB, va. to diaorganiae, to break or 
deatroy order. 

BiadaiCHTER, va. ta pat out of tbe right wa)r, 
to diaconcert. 

D&soRXAia, adv* beneefortb, hereafter. 

DisoBNEB, va. to take off the omamenta. 

DiaoaaEMEMT, HB. the takings out of thebcQes. 

l>i4oas£B, M. to take out the boupa. 

BiftovRDiB, va. to unweave, to unravel, to 
imwarp. 

Debpotat, $my a atate governed by a despot. 

DBapoTB, tm. a despot, an absolute prince, one 
who governs at his own will : a tvnmt. 

I>BspoTi«irB, adj* despotic, despotical, abso- 
lute, arbitrarv, tyrannical. 
135 



1>taF0TiQPiiiByx« ado. deit»oticalljr» in an ftrt 

bitrary manner, tyrannically. 
Despotisme, tm. aespotism, absolute power, 

unrestrained authonty, an arbitrary goveni« 

meat' 
Despumation, ff. (cft«m.) despumatioui clari- 
fication, scumming. 
Dbspumer, va. (c&m.) to deaptimatei $0 aQfua 

or clarify liquora. 
Dessaisxb (Se), vr. (/ojiowad bif de) tQ part 

with. 
Dessaisissbiibnt, $m. a parting with. 
DEssAisovNfeB, va. {agr.) to wanurQ ttnaM« 

aOnably. 
Dessalbb, va. to unaalti to aoak in water. 
Dessahgler, va. to UOf^ird* to take the gird o& 
Dessbchant, adj. desiccative, drying, tending 

to dry. 
Dessbcfier, va. to deaioeate, to remove mois« 

tare irora, to dry up, to drain, to wither. 
Dessein, <in. a design, an intenlioo, a purpose, 

a mind, a resolution : a project, a acbem^, 

an aim. A desaeint adv. on pUrpoae/deaign- 

edly. A dessein de, conj. in order to* 
Dbssbli^br, va to unsaddle, to take off tbe 

saddle. 
Dksserre (a la), adv. oxp. only used in tliia 

plirase. itre dur a la desimr^, be be clos0- 

fisted. 
Desserrer, va. to loosen, to slacken, to rela^. 
DEasERT, sm. tbe dessert, the laat oourse at a 

table. 
Dessbrtb, if. that whicA comes off the t»hle: 

the parochial d|ities. 
Dbssbrvakt) am. a curate, a minister wko 

performs tbe duties of a living. 
Desseevir, vai to clear tlie table : to injure, 

to do an ill office, to disoblige. DBstervir utie 

cure, to perform the duties of a living, (o do 

parochial duty. 
Dessicatif, adj. desiccative, drying* 
Dessicatiom, <f* desiccation, the aet ^f 

making dry. It is only used in the figurative 

aense. 
Dessiller (les yens), vo.-toopen the eyeaof : 

to undeceite, to disabuse* 
Dessin, Ml. a drawing in general; ^ drapght, 

a sketch, a delineation, an outline : the Oft 

of drawing. Une vtaitre de dcuui, a draw- 
ing-master. 
Dessinateur, sm. a designer* a drawer. 
Dessinbr, va. iH design, to draw, to delineal0» 

to sketch. Desiiner un paytog^, to draw a 

landscape. 
Dessoler, va. to unsole a horse, to take off 

tbe sole of his foot. 
Dessoudbr, vo* to unsolder, to unsoder. 
De880vdbr (Se), vr. to be unsoldered. 
DEssodLERf v«. and n. to sober, to make sober 

again. 11 ne dessouU jamais, he ia neyer 

sdber. 
DviBAovB, tm. the under pajct« Avoir U 4^t9ous, 

to be worsted. 
pESsovs, adv. underneath, undermost. L'^n 

£tait destns et l*autre dessouSt one was above 

and the other underneath. Ci'de$n>u8f here- 
under, hereafter. 
Desbovs, prcpt under, below* 



DET 

Dis«ou8 (an)* ado. and pr. nndav, beftMlhi 
underneath. Au deuous de dis livrttt under 
ten ponnds. 

Dbssus, an, the upper pait : advantage, rape- 
riority : the supencription of a letter. Avoir 

' le dtttut, to hare the advantage. 

Debsvs, adv. et j>r, upon, nppennoat. lU tont" 

■ herent I'undeuta, VatUn ditsous, they fell one 
uppermost, the other undermost. Sens dettus 
dfttout, topey-tttrvy. Par de$9us, over aod 
above, besides. Ci-<ieMu«, above. Au-deuut, 
above, beyond. 

Dbstin, tm. destiny, doom, fate, fatalitv. 

Destination, tf. destination, ultimate aeaign : 
designation, assignment, appointment. 

Destin^b, sf'. destiny, doom, inevitable /ate, 
invincible necessity. 

Destineb, va. to destine, to doom, to appoint, 

- to design, to devote. 

Bestitijable, a^j. that may be deposed, re- 

• moved or turned out. 

DesTiTui, part, and a^j* deposed, dismissed : 

destitute of, bare, devoid, bereft of every 

thing. 
DesTiTVEB, M. to depose, to remove, to turn 

out, to deprive of one's place or emplojrment, 

to dismiss. 
Destitution, sf. the act of depriving one of 

his place or employment. 
Dbstbieb, tm. (o6t.) a steed. 
•Destrvcteub. im.f n destructor (inutit€), a 
Destructbice, ^'. J destroyer. It is more 

used in the adjective sense. Fl^u (icstnM- 

teur, a destructive plague. 
Dbstbuctip, a4j» destructive, causing destruc- 
tion, ruinous, wasteful, mischiovous. 
Destbvction, sf. destruction; the act of de- 
stroying, subversion, overthrow, complete 

ruin. 
DESTRucTiBiLiTifff. destructibility, liableness 

to destruction. 
D&8VDATION, rf. (pfcy.) desudation, rf profuse 

and inordinate sweating. 
Disu^TuDE, ff. desuetude, the cessation of 

praotiee or habit, disuse. 
Dmsunion, sf. disunion, breach of concord, 

disagreement: disjunction, separation. 
DisuMiR, va, to disunite, to set at variance : 

to part, to disjoin, to divide. 
Desunir (Se), vr. to fall out, to fUl asunder, 

to become separate. 

• DAtackement, «m. a detachment, a body of 

troops, or a number of ships selected and 
sent on a particular service : a total disen- 
gagement nrom early pursuits. Dttaehemont 
d$ tout interit, impartiality. 

DiTACHBR, va. to detach, to untie, touniasteo, 
to unbind, to loosen, to let loose : to sepa- 
rate, to part, to remove, to diseiigage from : 
to send after : to take off a stain. 

DirTACHER (Se), vr. to come off, to grow loose, 
to break from, to break off, to leave off. 

DiTACHEUB, sm. a scourer. 

DETAIL, tm. detail, particular account, parti- 
culars : retail. £m ditaiU by retail. 

Di^AiLLER, va. to retail, to sell in retail: to 
tell the particulars) to give a full account of. 

DiTAiLLBUR, im, ft letailer, a tliopkeeper. 
136 



DET - 

D&TALAOB, sm; the paddng up of goods. 

D^TALBR, VS. and n. to pack up : to shut shop, 
to scamper away. 

D£talingdeb, va. (mar.) to tako off tiie cable 
from an anchor : to unbend the cable. 

Detaper, va. to take out the tamkio. 

Dbteindbk, va, to discolour, to tarnish. 

DiTEiNDBE, vn. or Se Dbtbindbe, vr. to lose 
the colour, to fade. 

DiTELER, tMi. and n. to unteam, to unyoke, to 
take the horses from a coach. 

DiTENDBE, va. to unboud, to unstring, to 
slacken. Dittndro ton esprit, to reinz one's 
mind. 

Dbtenib, tMi. to detain, to keep, to withhold. 

DiTENTE, sf, the trigger (of a gun). 

Detenteur, «m.\ (/ur.) a detainer, one who 

Dbtentricb, tf. f keeps wrongfully another 
. man's properW. 

Detention, tf. detention, imprisonment : 
(Jur.) the act of detaining sequestered 
goods. 

D^teroer, va, (phy.) to deterge, to eleanse, 
to purge away foul matter. 

Dbt^biobation, sf. deterioration, a growing or 
making worse : the state of growing worse. 

DiTERiOREB, va. to deteriorate, to make worse, 
to impair, to damage, to spoil. 

D^T^RioRER, (Se), vr. to grow worse, to waste. 

DiTBBxtNANT, odj. determinative, limiting. 

D^tbbmination, tf. (nat, phi.) tendency : 
determination, the act of determining or 
deciding, resolution, decision, settled pur- 
pose. 

Determine, part, and adj. fixed, determined, 
resolved upon : determinate, desperate : 
bold, intrepid, undaunted : entirely addicted 
to. Un ordre dettrmiruS, a determinate order. 
Un hommt d£tirmin£, a detenuined man. Vn 
joueur diterminS, a man totally addicted to 
gambling. Used substantively, it is taken 
in a bad sense, as : Cost un d£tenmn£, he is 
a dangerous character, a fellow capalile of 
anything that is bad. 

D&TERMiN^MENT, adv. detenuinately, reso- 
lutely, ,bold1y, absolutelyi^ positively, ex- 
pressly. 

Determiner, va. to determine, to fix, to set- 
tle, to limit : to point out, to show : 'to re- 
solve, to decide, to determine upon: to 
excite, to induce : to destine, to appoint. 

DiTERMiNSB (Se), w. to be resolved or 
decided. 

DisTERRER, va. to dig out of the grave, to find 
out : to discover, to bring to li^t. 

Dbtkrreub, tm. (a novo wird), one who un- 
buries: a resurrectionist or resurrection-man. 

Dbtrbsip, adj. {phy.) detersive, having poWer 

to cleanse. 
DiTESTABtE, adj. detestable, hateful, abomin- 
able, very odious : very bad, shocking, hor- 
rid, wretched. 
DiTE8TABiEMENT,a<ir. dctestably, abominably, 

hatefully, wretchedly, horridly. 
Detestation, tf. deiestotion, extreme hatred, 
abhorrence. 

Detebtbr, va, to detest, to hate, to abhor, to 
abominate. 



DET 

DsTniBB, Iff. to diaw oiit» to poll o^, to ez- 

temL 
Dbtimki (le feu), va. to nke out the fire, to 

iNtt it o«t by taking the wood away. 
DsTONATioK, sf, detoiution, a sudden explo- 

tion caused Ij the effeoti of calcimition. 
DiTOKKR, va. (mas.) to sing oat of tuni^ : to 

jtr: (ehem,) to detonate, to barn or inflame 

with a sadden report. 
DsTomDas, oa.to untwist, to unlink, to sprain. 
])sToa«DBB, va. to distort, to wrest, to force : 

to pervert the meaning of an argument. 
Dbtobs, od/. untwisted, sprained. 
DiToasB, sf. {littU uted) better entobss, a 

sprtin. 
DsTOBTiLLKa, w* to untwutyto separate what 

hss been twisted. 
BiTovB, jm. a taming, a winding, a hy-waj, 

a way aboot : a circuit of words : aa eraaion, 

a protenoe, an excuse, a quirk, a subterfuge. 

Smi detMirt, adv, aip. candidly. 
DBTouaNXMBNT, <m. . turning away, turning 

aside. 
DiTovBNKB, vs. to tumuside, to put out of the 

wsy, to tii.ni from, to arert : to secrete, to 

take away, to divert, to embezsle : to deter, 

to dissuade : to disturb, to hinder. 
Dbtoubvxb, vr. to turn on the right or left. 
Bbtoubneb (Se), vr, togoabeat, to leare off, 

to go out of one's way, U> swerre, to deviate. 
DiTBAcrxB, -va. (obt.) to detract, to revile, to 

debase, to vilify. 
DiTBACTBB, VA. lo slaiider, to speak ill of. 
DBTBACTxvBy tm. B detTBCtor, one who takes 

away the reputation of another, a slanderer, 

a tfMucer. 
DiTB4CTioK,<f. detraction, slander, backbiting. 
BirBAMcxB, ftt. (og.) to dear 6rom insects. 
Dbtraquxr, va, to spoil a horse's pace : to put 

oot of order, to lead astray : to take from, to 

distract. 
DiTBAQUKB (Se),. vr. to get out of order. 

VhorifigB $*ut ditraquie, Uie clock is out of 

order. 
DiTBCMPB, gf» (yoiih painUrt) water-colours. 
DiTBBif pBB, va. to dilute, to mix with a liquid : 

to temper, to soften steel : ^to attenuate, to 

weaken. 
Obtbbsbb, jfl distress, grief, sorrow, trouble, 

sngnish ofbody or mind , urgent want : (Jvr, ) 

misery : extreme danger. 
DBTBBsaxB, va. to untwist, tountwinr. 
Dbtrihent, tf. detriment, loss, damage, in- 

jary, mischief, harm : dkunution. 
DiraoiT, am. straits, straights, a narrow pass 

or frith, a defile : a district, a precinct. 
Bbtbompeb, m. to undeceive, lo disabuse, to 

set right. 
DiTB6>'BB, tm. to dethrone, to drive from a 

throne, todepose, to divest of ro)'al authority, 

to unthrone. 
DiTRouttEB, va, to unpin, to unloop, to un* 

tuck : to rifle, to rob on the highway. 
Dbtbovssbijb, sat. a robber, a rifler, a high- 

wayman» a footpad.' 
Bet BUI BE, ca. to destroy, to demolish, to pull 
down: to overthrow, to ruin : to discredit, 
to lose in the opiaion of another. 



' DEV 

Dbtboibe (Se), vr, to fall to ruin er. decay : 

to amke away with oneself. 
Dbttb, tf\ a debt, what is due. Jhtte aetim, a 

debt <nie to us. Dotte pamve, what .we owe 

to others : an obligation, a duty* 
Devil, «m. mourning, a monming<^ress : the 

widow's weeds : the time of mourning : the 

mourners : grief, sorrow. Grand detdl, deep 

mourning. Petit d#titi, second mourning. 
DeDt^bonoiie, sm. the Deuteronomy, the 

fifth book of Moses. 
Deux, sm, a two, a deuce. Lb dsicx do eemr, 

the deuce of hearts. 
Deux, num. adj. two. Timf iei douxt both. 

Doux a deuxt two and two. Etro a doux do 

jout to be even. - ii«!gvrd«r onlro dout yeas, 

to store atone. Dimnsrdss deux, to clap 

spurs to one's horse. 
Deux I in E, adj. second, the second. 
DxvxiiMEMENT, odv. sccoudly, in the second 

place. 
DBVALBB,oa.andn.(ppp.)toletdown: to goer 

come down. 
Devalibsr, va, to rifle, to strip, to rob. 
Devancbb, ^. to go beforo, to precede, to be 

beforehand, to outwalk, to outrun : to outdo, 

to excel, to surpass : to reach before, to get 

the start of. 
Devanci EB, fin. 1 a prodecessor. JDrnfanekn, 
DevaWciAbb,!^*./ pi. 

castors. 



our predecessors or. an* 



Devant, sm. the forepart. Promdro loodooantt, 
to set out the first, to-go before, to be beforo* 
hand. ^ 

Devant, adv. beforo. Posass dsvant, go be- 
fore. Ci'devantt herotofbro, late, formerly. 
Par dooant, in front of. Par dovant ot far 
derrierot before and behind. 

Devant, f^r. before, in the presence of. Pri* 
eher dooant U roi,^ to preacli before the king. 

Devantirb, tm. (pop*) vi apron.. 

DavANTiiBE, s^*. a riding-coat. 

Devavtobe, tf. the front of a shop. 

DivAsrATEu R , adj. destructive. Un frojet d4» 
vattateurf a deatructive project. . Uno armto 
d£oa$tatrieo, a ravaging army. 

Devastation, sf. devastation, waste, havoek, 
ravage, desolation. 

DBVAaTXB, vd. to lay waste, to ruin, to de- 
populate, to desolate. 

DivELOPFSMENT, 9m. development, a display, 
an unfolding. Le diveioppement d*un plan, the 
unfolding of a scheme. 

D^vELOPPER, va. to develope, to unfold, to un- 
wrap : to display, to set to view : to explain, 
to clear, to unmvel. 

Devbnib, vn. to become, to gpiow, to be made. 
Devenir grand, to grow tall. Que devenez^ 
voutl what do you mean to dol Que do* 
viettdret'Vous7 wliat will become of yon? 
Jo ve sets pltu que devenir, I know no more 
which way to turn. 

Dbvp.rcokd^, adj. and s. impudent, lost to all 
shame , shameless. l^Nt dcvergondi^e, a bnaen- 
faced woman. 

DivEBOONDEB (Se),vr.(/am.) tolote afll shme, 
to take to bad cournes of life. 



Bit 

IHvB4B00|iLBK, Ml. tS UttMtt tO «llbMp4 

DxYBRS, ftr, towards, about^ F«r dmn, hj. 



OirsRSER, v4* to beodi to ineline i to eaBt« to 
lhro«r» |6 reiset (a nm word in thU latt$r 
ieiuf). IHverttr 1$ in^prif, to refloot eon- 
Idmpt upon. 

BiTjKBBBA* vfi. to beodf to lean, d wmr di- 
9€r9§, tbat wtU U leaning* 

DivBRsoim, jm. (^ag,) draui» vreiMl. 

PibvftriB (Sa), vf. to divaatoaeaalf, te atrip, to 
undreaa oneaelf. 

])ivilTiaaBwaifT, cm. Qur,} ktngoing, giTing 
orof / 

)l^riABi.B, <*<(/* eapablo of beiog demtod. 

PAviAtiow, <jf'. deriation, a wanderiaff or tnhi- 
ing aaide Aom the right way, ob&(|uity of 
conduct. B0natUm dMt frincipts, a doTiatioa 
$nm piinaipl^« 

DiviDAGE, tm, winding into a akein. 

DifiBBB, aa« to wind into a akaia, to loel^ 

i>ATii>piB> $iki a red, aapiadU, a windla« 

PiiriBB, im« or fta DiTiaa, ar. to daviate^ to 
irandor from tk« right wayi to- go oai of the 
oommoD path, to go aatraj : to awarfa, to 

« depart fkaa lale tf auaton : to err. 

Dsftw, MB. adivlnatov, a dinner, onetriM pro- 
feasea diyination : a conjurer, a aoediaayar : 
a oBbailig niaa. 

OavtiiEB, tki< to dlTlnoi to fenlnoir, lo ibre- 
tell, to preaage : to find out, to gueia, L'art 
d» d9vln$t mt unt ^imere, the art of dmniag 
in a chiniera. /« vaiu at dwimi, I have 
foeaMod jour iBeaning. It is alao need in a 
neuter aenae. DaaJaas d'oH jt ti^ntl gneaa 
Whence I coatet Vous oats dmnijutte, yon 
ba^e gueaaed Hriit« 

Devinbrksse, ff.diFinereaa, ateialo diviner, a 
aoothaayer: apm^tesa. 

Devi N EUR, tm. 1 a airiner, a gueaaer, a oen- 

Dbtinevse, if, f jectureir. 

DiviRER, VA. (marT) to recoil, to boaTO baek. 

BiTi>, $m* the oadaMte of the expenaeaof a 
building : (ate.) a talking, a dialogue. 

DiriSAGER, va, to diaignta* to actatch the lace. 

pBTUB, rfi a dovlM^ an emblemi a motto, a 

DivtaEBi OH* to pialtle, to ehat^ to diaeoarae 
liuniliarly. 

Pibv.oiBMBVT) ja». looaaneaa, a laz« a fluz'of tbe 
batty. 

DbyoIlbment, fm. a diepl^, an ezbibltioa, an 
mateilings adiaaorery. 

M^oiLXB, ro- to vnrmi, to difeteaa, to diaoo-. 
rer : to ahow, to display. 

JJ^TOia^ tm, a doty, an obligafeiaa, a tbafc. 
BsHdrt §H d4voir$i to pay a Tiait. 

DavotB, aa* to ewo, to Va obliged tb pay, to be 
indebted to, to be obliged for, 

DBvo^ai «ii*'to be bound or obligadi muat, 
ou^t : to be necesaary. li doit it fiure, he 
maat da it* ElU doit asnir id, ahe ia to eoaie 
hither, it dflit foire thamd i la oampagno, it 
muat be hot weather in the ooantry. Jc doit 
jf sUir daa^fualqmn jonr$, I an to ga tbifli«r 
|3a 



DIA 

in a finp daya. Qae doh^Jkki dam eat airi 

coRsfan^M ? what am I to do under auab cir- 

cimatancea t Ce qn,*un konaite komma pottt tt 

doitfairo, what aa bonoatauui can and oaght 

to do. 
VkvoLEi rf* the baWng no trick (at aonlf). 
DiTOLv, tflii deTola&on, a lapae of right t 

a proTiaion for a vaoant beaeiioe, Joter 

ion d^olu tur, to bare a claioa upon, 

to pratand to. 
DivoLvtiov,«f* (Jur.) adovalatiQii, tbaaa^ai* 

aitioB of a lapae of right. 
DivoRANT, adj. doTOuring, etinauaiiBg, Baron* 

one. Un a^tit d^aoranl, a raTanoaa ap» 

petite. 
DivoRjiTBPB, sat. adevourer, a ooaaamartf 
Dbvobkr, va, to derour, to eat up, to eat graof 

dil y I la conaeoiei to waato, to aquaoder awajr : 

to destroy : to awallow up. JHvottr tm dou" 

Uur, to auppreaii ono'a sorrow. D6oorp> un 

affront, to brook aa affieat. D^ana an tiara, 

w read # book baatily. 
Dbvot, «m. a devout, a devotee. 
DIvoT, 4«^* devout, godly, pioua, roUgioaa* 
DiroTBHBNT, adit* devoutly, pioaily^ talt- 

gioualy. 
Dbvotion, rft devotiaa, deroatneaa, platy, ^z- 

tamal wotabip: atrong aflaotion, anient lovd, 

diapoaal, omamaari. Fairs set d^ooiiont, to 

receive the aacvamaat. 
DivouBMBHiPr tm, devoMan, devotednaaa, ad* 

dictness. 
DivoaBB, «a* to doaota, toappiopriatoby vd#, 

to dedicate, to consecrate i to addict. 
DivoirBB (9a), vr. to devote aiwaelf, to offer 

oneaelf up in sacrifice. 
PAvoTBR, va, to take firoBi a right Hne^ te laia- 

lead, to lead aatrBy : to diaoider the atoaiaoli, 

to cauae a looaaneaa. 
Debtor it£, tf, doBterity, addreaai adtoitiiaaa, 

cleverness, expertneaa, skill, industry. 
Dbztrb, $f, {obti} the right httid. 
Dbbtbbmbnt, oda. (oAi.) doxteroualy. 
Dby, tm, a dey, the head of tbe TuniaiOB go- 

▼emmentk 
DiARLB, Ml. the devil, thadaaae* Un ban diakk, 

a gaoduatured fellow, a good companion. 

Un m6ckant diabte, a wicked devil, a mia- 

cbievoua dog. Un paavra- dia6is, a poor 

wretch. En diabU, adv. arp. ezceaaivQlr« 
DiABLE, int, (Jam*) the devil 1 tfaedettoel 
Di ABLBMBNT,adv. (/am.) deviliafaly, eztrenialy, 

ezaaaaively. 
DiABLSRiB, rf, witchcraft : a deviliah trick. 
DtABiiEssB, if. a wicked and noisy woaaali* 

a shrew. Unt fawn dtaMctia, a poor crea- 

taaa. 
DiABLOTiN, tm, a young devil : (^mar,) a ibiaaa 

tap-maat atet-aaU« Diubhtint, pi, chocolate 

loaenges, 
DiABOLiouB, adf, diabolic, diabolical, devilish, 

haltisb, uncommonly wicked* 
DiACHTLOtf , Ml. (phy*) diachylon. 
DiAcoDB, tm, diacodtum, aymp of poi^ea. 
Diagonal, adj, diaconal, relating te a deacon. 
DiACONAT, Ml. daaconahip^ deacoorv. 
Diaoonessb, ^* a deaconaaa, a femide deacon in 

the priniiilfa aiiHiah* 



iOM 



*• 



I>i4etft« tw»> d oiM S i ftcfaigjaxa promoted t6 



«N^ won M tkt ]iMd» tlw n^ bwd, ft 
chnwtefjsti*: dM ifvipftoM llgririHch adjs- 



DuoovAL, €dj. and f , (fiiilib.) diagonal, • iMt 
iiw dnta iRm aailft to ftAgUi of a qnainlft. 



QUooviiUiiaBTi^advi dUigoMllf . ia ft diagoadi 

duaetkn. 
DiAUPTB* III* • di«le0l» ft Uamgft dnivvd 

<«Wft tM — IJaari toa|<— < «ftd peaaliat « a 

fftiltftM ar ^ towii* 
DiALieTiciaH* m, a dialacitid«a» a lofkMOii a 



BuLscnavB, rf. diftledic* logk^ Um art of fftft- 



IhAi«pj^|9«««itrr,ad9.dl|lMi^ 

MJBt t tagjijaft 
]>ULooi9VB, adf. 4kJ»glMk, kteihi A^ Ana 

if a ^UMva« ■ 
PuiJKiitpa^ aitt »ft UK ftf »rituty riiitogaaa. 
l>iAUMiiafs« «M« (ak^) ft dialogifttk ^a^skfttia 

ftdiftlftgaat a#iitariirdialogiiMj 
fhstm^^tm ft 4iftift8«ft«'« ftonlMniite be- 



BuuavMi» ii»» ft* Imt te «bftlagaaii Itiioftly 
«iidialltajpftsdva«oM0u Oitt$mimmihkn 
iiahguA, t&ft dialagiM of thfttapftlM ia vatj 



DuaAa#iifti« 

]>UBA3rTAiac, m. (mj ntliftr lapidai^ f dla- 



, diaiMtftel^ de- 



^AViTBAI., o^i. dift 

■iftiai a mmiMi 



OuairaaMaUmr, adft; diaBMMiA0alfar> ia a dia- 
■•trical direetioa, dixaetlj, jprn tha re- 



DiAaftraa, m« a dimiatar, • nabl llfta oaftifar 

tiNipi Aa taMaa at a waft. 
BiAaoavii* as. sjf^ af anlkainii* 
IhA» a,jf^<(aii< j)thataalofdwMa.atdfty>»faat^ 

Ili*»raa» aM* ^ 4^4 (^faftk) tiia dfVftft* tbd 

Aiif ftaaa^ aiu 4%,) dayafaMi ft dftswctlm 

^ftllftC 

m^MmMp jftk 4ya|ii«a« a 

BiAPAaoa, «■• (sMt.) diapft«0B» dia^ata>. an 



IhiniAHa. a4f.4ia|diftaoaa» pftVoftid^ tMaqJft- 



DiAraoaiftB«lf.<|Atf.)diaplicrfaiftMiftte^iialian. 
B^tfiaaaAiaavc, aiyt dkfdiMilft, aadariflti 



Butaaaftntti^i, <«aati) fta diftpkiaM,«ha 
't # fftiiHift* ir dJTJiii^ Alifctaw 

"fi f iiftil iJMMiMd 

199 



Dl4»ft*a, {f. a ftfttt of ▼iatot ^^^ 

Qf Af Ava»» if. (a6i.) a Twiatjf of aokniat 

DiAARHia, «f. diarrhoea* a pargiag or i«K« a 

loQuaaaoii a l«x. 
Diastole, i/. (amU,) diwtole, diastoli dilftftft- 

UoKK of tkfi Ihftftrt, ftaitcieft and ftrtariea* 
DiAftTYLa» $m* (arak.) diaatyla, «a adifioa ia 

whkk tkiae diftmateia of Um aoiaiaBft aw 

allowed for interooliuaaiationa. 
DuToaiouB, ocb'. (apHM ta mmk} dialoMft* 

fttcendiog or deaoaodhigb fta ia aoaad, 
DiATaiBa» if. a dialitka. a flarejra crifjftiw^ ftt 

•atirioftl iiMiertatiaB. 
DiCAciTi, ^; {littU tuad) dicaciljr, 
DtCT4TavR« Jifi4 a dictator, a tfaiai 

trata among the Boaiana, one VkfAtti wA 

ftbftolMtfi aath^li*. 
DicTATvaa. rf. daatataia. diotalQnkif » Ilia 

office of tbadieftitor: tketanaof lafto4M« 
DiOTia»{fiwlialonadiot«ti*aioaiiQt]|af M^mf 

tMU Im He$^ d« fuatp^'UBi ta whta wl«l 

aiipcUr dicrtafao. 
Dicraa* aa* to dietftta^ to teU arlia4 to mta t to 

deli? er witb aatimritj : to Tpnmft^ (oaaggaftt. 
DicHOTOMia,!^; (jut*y di«kotoaiy» tlia ftKtaof 

^ wma, Vk wkieh it ftkowa oaiy Ml itft 

diak. 
PicTAinaw* aai (ht*) tha d$et#ta pt oaftfeiattea< 
J^untotit y; dietiaii, atjrla* iBagaftga^ e^ og a t i aa^ 

expreesion, manner of expniariwg* 
OtariQavaiaxi Ma4 a dietiosaiy* a pofd-ftofttu 

ft IrtiiMW* ft vaoftbidary. 
Di(BriONNABitTx, tm, (imt.) a writer of difttwi- 

ifilli* a laBiaogni^har* 
Di»m», twh unyimg, a eaMuftan ftajring* ftpta* 

verli* CW iw vi»m* 4ko*0n4 (Jim*) i| iftpa 

oldaayiaai 
Dia4aTiftiiBya4^. didftotia, didaetaaal. adapted 

to (ftaek, pfaeeptiya^ eoatataing piac ft p t a , 

priaaiplea er ntlea. Penae didfteri|||i#» - a 

d»daat)o paam er aftftajr* 
DiBR&sB, ^. (gr.) a diaiaftaift, tiftro poinlft avar 

ft vQ^r^4 
DiiflB or Diisiii mi4 a diaom, » ibifp (ia 

macia)« 
J>iiU.adtn iaarfcad wiA « diaaift* ' 
DiiTE, ^.. diet, MgiaiaB, aibetiMiiia IHna 

fiotaftla : a aatiaBri aaaemUj ia foaift eoaii^ 

tries. La dirtedaraaptrf, the imperial dial. 
DxiriiTiQVBi M, diaiatie« di«tetiaia« rolatii^ 

iadiat' 
Drsv, jjn. God, the Creator, the aapmaa Be- 

tag; iMea aiinri» tbaidc God. Dmt §tU 

lou£, God be praised. Dint U esaUie, God 

biBu-DOMN&, adj, girea hj God, Deodaias* 
DiBf aaaar* aeff« deteuag, aftlnatniatiag, aUflMi 



DfftramATBva, lai^ a dafciaftr< ana that dufftWiift, 

a detractor, a slanderer. 
IlifdMiavtOlii jf* defaaMtirai, detMetioB« aai 

kmaj, alaader. 
Di rr A MAToi BE, atb*. defaawiory^ ftlaadaftoaft: 

libftilaas, ceoiaiJottft. 
DxrpAHBa^ na. fee defiaae* ta ealaauuftla« to 

slander, to detract from. 
Bu»iaB«iisar»ada« dHBwaat.ly» ia a 



BlL 



tion/ diisimilftrity. FdiM la -diff^rtnee, to 
' iif«k« a distioMioB. 

DirriHEKciEB, va. to make a diffsroDce, to 
' dtstiiigitisb. 

DiFFBREND, fw. a dilTeraiicet a dis|Nite, a de- 
' bate, a qaarrol, a Tarimee, a coiktroTeny. 
DirrknuvT, aHJ. difiereiit, distinct: divers, 

rarioua. 
DiFViiiKVTiisL, adj. differeAtial. CalcuL dif" 

firentiii, a differential calo^lns* 
^i^piiftBa, va, and n. to defer, to delay, to pnt 
off, to procrAstinate. Sam dijfi6terl adv* exp, 
without delay. 
DiPPifeHBit, vn. to differ, to be unequal to : 
' todtsag^e. 
PiFFiciLK, adj. difficult, Jiaid, troublesome : 

* pee^h, hard to be pleased : not compliant, 
unoofSOmmodating, rigrid, austere. 

DiPPiciLBNEivT, adv. hardly, with difficulty. 

DiFncviri, «f* difficulty, pbstncle; hiniieranoe, 
objection, impediment : a difficult point, a 

' passsfpe in question : perplexity, embarrass- 
ment of afiatrs, trouble, in this latter sense, 
it is generally used in the plural. 

D»FPicvLTVEVx, adj. apt to start difficulties 
or impediments : peevish. 

DiPFOBMB, <M^'. deformed, disfigured* ugly. 

DirvoRMBR, INI. to defoim, to spoil or alter the 
form, to disfigure. ' 

Df VPV8, «{/• dituse, not oonoise, prolix : co- 
pious, verbose. StyU diffui^ a diflused 

- atjle* 

DiFFusB^BNT, odv. difiusely; copionaly* fully. 

BtFYusioN, ^'. diffusion, a spreaamgtfr fiowing 
' (of a liquid substancf ) : diiiusMness : co- 
piousness, exuberance, as of style. 

Diofinia, mi. and n. to digest, to oonooot in the 

. stoiliaeh : to distribute, to range or diiipose 

• meUiodtcally, to reduce to a plan, scheme or 
method : to bear or suffer patiently : to dis- 

* ottss, loputup with. 

DiOESTB, MR. a digest, n collection of the opi- 

' nioM of the ancient lawyera. 

DiOESTip, adj. et «. digestive, helpang to 

digest : (chem.) to soften by heat* Un hon 
' di^e<ttf» a powerful digestive. • 
DioBsnoN, sf'. digestion, concoetion. Do daro 

digeHian, {fam.) hard to put up with. 
PioiTALB, if. (a plant) the foxglove. 
DiG|rE, adj. worthy of, woil^, deserving: 

honest, upright. 
DiONBM BNT, adv. nobly, with dignity : worthi- 

• ly, deservedly. 

DiONiTAiBB, sm. a dignitary, one who holds a 

dignity. 
DiONiTB, tf. digni^, merit, iauMrtance : state- 

liness, girandeur of mien : omce, preferment : 
. elevation of rank, honour, high station: 

greatness, beauty. 
DcoRRSsioNt of., flUgression, .a departure from 

the main subject under consideratioa : de- 
: viation frbm a regular course. • 
Dig UK, $f. a dike, a bank, a mole, a causey or 
c causeway : an- obstaoW, an . opposition : a 

bularark, a security. 
DiCAciRAnoN, ^. dilaoeration, the act of 

rending asunder a tearing or reni^' 



DiLACBRBRt w. 4o dilaoeiRte, lo teat, to MbA 

eiondar, to sepaimte by ferae. . 
DiLAPXDATEUB, tm.l a dilapidator, one who 
DtLAriDATRicB, $f. j cauBOs dilapidation* 
DiLAPiDATioK, fj. dilapidation, wapterfiMliah 

eaqientes : ralibing the pufalio tiuasmy* • 
DiLApiDBn, va.'ia dilapidate, to* ooiibubm 

wastefuUy : to rob the public -trassury. 
Dilatabilitr, tf. {Mt. phi.} dilatability, the 

quality of admitting expansion. • 
Dilatable, adj. dilatable, capable of expan- 
sion. 
DiLATATiOK, gf. dilatation, the act of expand- 
ing, expansion : the state of being-expanded. 
DiLATAToiRE, f». B diluter, one who enlarges^ 

that which expands. 
DiLATBR, wi. to dilate, to expand, to extend* 

to apread out, to widen, to enlacge^efestend. 
DiLATSB (Se), jn*. to dilate, to grow wide : to 

taiufy. , , . * 

DiLAToiRE, adj. (bar) subject to pioDraalina* 

tiop, requiring delays. 
DiLAYBR, va. (bar) to put off, to defer. Di- 

lafor «a potssMut, to defer, a^ payment. 
DiLBCTioN, tf. dilection, a loving : UBdneas* 

love, aff<Mtion,'charity. 
DiLEMME, tm. a dilemma, an argument equaUv 

eoBcluaive by contrary siq>pefitions : • a dif- 
ficult choice, a vexataous alternative. 
DiLiOBif MXNT, adv. diligently, speedilr, sedu- 
lously, with pefseveraaoe, with aasiauity. 
DiLioBNCE, tf. diligence, quidcaesa in the exe- 
.ctition: care^ assSiuity : haste, speed* u swift 
' conveyance: a stage^-ooach (in frsace): a 

passage-lMat. 
DiLiGXNT, a<^*. diligent, not idle: assiduons, 

earefnl, esaet: quick, aoCive,'watchfol. 
DiLiGEKTEB, VS. and n. to haacen, to huny, to 

dispatch. 
DiLuviBN, aJ{j. diluvian, diluvial, peitainiag 

toadfl^ttge. 
DiMAvcnK, sm. Sunday, the Christian aabbnth, 

the Lord's-d*y. HaUti da Dimanefia, Bna* 

day-clothes. / 

DImb, $f. rithe, the tenth part. 5i|;st d fo 

dtaie, tithable. 
Dimension, tf. dimension, the extent of a 

bodj, bulk^ sise, capacity. . . < 

DImer, va. to claim, to collect the tithes. ' • 
DImeb, vn. to have a right to the titlMa. 
DJMxuB, tm. atither, a tithe-gatherer, aeol« 

lector. ^ -« 

DimAtrb, 4u(;. (tspoelf^r) dimeter, having t#o 

measures. 
DiMiNvxE* va, to diminiah, to lessen, to mate 

less or smaller, to decrease: to inqpaii^, to 

degrade. 
DmiNVER, vn. to grow less, to be iaapaiiied : 

to fall qr sink in price or value. . • 
DiMiNUTip, tm. (gr.) a diminutive, a weed 

fimned hem another wofd to expresa a littla 

thing of the kind, as, filUtte, a little. girl, 

from^its, a giri. 
DiMiituTXF, od;. diminntive, that diiwinisbexhe 

energy of a word. 
DiMiMVTids, tf. dirtinwrion, decrease, abate* 

DiMi5iofB«i !■!« a JuijMp'j diouflioiy lfiltei«^ 



MR 

DnrAir»Bmit, y, (uitkmtt vbtrul) Md ecfffpm 

waMt, tU toils M bnsicrc woik. 
DrvDs, «^« « tarker* a lurkeT-ben. 
0ixM>ir, Ml. m tiirkdj, » mney-cook : « niimy', 

• riapletOB, a goose. 
DviDomnLAv, sm. a yomg tnt^er. 
DivooMiiisB, MM. a turkey-feodar &r keoper, 
DiNoonKf Am, s^Va womaii wbo drivea tnitoyi : 

a wMyitrf dowdajr. 
DfirA or DInir, mm. dimtr. L*kfur$ du diner, 

dJaaeiwtiBM, pvdding-tima. 
DisiiB, ff. the inn where one dinea on a jonr- 

wtj I tho dianar taken at that inn. 
DfvBB, «ii. to dine, to eat one*a dinner. Prier 

ptdfu'tm ^ dliMrp to inrite one to dinner. 
DbiBva, fw. one who diaee : a great eater. 
JhoekMAin, odl. nnd«. a dio o e a an : pertaining to 

adioeeae. 
Dioctes, m. a diocese, the cixienLt of erery 

kiahop'8 jnrisdietion. 
DionnMA, MM. (s Haw toord) a diorasM, a aort 

of panoiaan Ibrmed hy a nohilo light. 
I>iomn9vs» jf. dioptrica, a part of optica. 
Dipmoyoirs, $t\ {gr,) a diphthong, a coalition 

of two Towrls to form one tonnd. 



DuxoMATS, flu. a politician, one learned in 

diptcHMtios. 
DiPLOiiATKK, tf, diplaniacy, a bodjr of enirojrs : 

the acimoe of foreign 'politica or political 

segociations. 
DirLOMAYmus, tf* diplomatic, respecting en- 

▼oja and amhaawadera. L$ eorpn i&pimnatiqvit, 

the aggregate of foreign ambauadora, at 



DvlAhx, mi. a diploma, a patent a writing 
conferring' aome privilege. 

Bibs, ««• ta tell, to say, to narrate, ta relate : 
to maait, to aignify : to ntter, to speak, to 
hid. Om dit, one aaya, they aay, it is said. 
Jda. ci|Kr Ppur mind dire, aa it were. C*€i(t' 
•-din, that ia to say. Din m ^ea, to aay 
ona'a lesson. X>tr«d«M«Nd«,toBpieakweUof. 

Bias rSe), vr. to call oneaelf, to give ooeaelf 
oat rar. 

Dmn, sm. what one aaya, saying, opinion, 
evidence. Oui*dir; hearsay. 

BiaiCT, mdj. direct, atiaight, not crooked. 

DiucTB, rf, Cohe,) iDimeny a manor, a lordship. 

BiBBCTBiiBitT, nd». directly, in a straight line, 
without eivenmlocntion, without sny inter- 



BiaacTsum. m. a director, anmnager, a guide : 
the premdsnt of an assanblr» ^ superinten- 
dent: a confessor, a spiritiuu director. 

BiaECTBicB, rf. a directrix, a female anperin* 
tsndant sr guider : a goTene«8 of a nunnery. 

BiaxcnoN, tf. direction, aim at a ctrtain point : 
: regulation, management, conduct : 



BitxcroiBB, sm.a directorr, a direction, a rule 
to go by : tho name of the democratic French 
9Dfvcnmmnt, from 1793 to 1799. 

BiBioEB, ««. to direct, to level or aim at: to 
vmsgo, to regnlats, to guide. 

Btaioan (8e), vr to be nrected by, to be le- 
▼aBed er aimed at, to direct one s steps to- 
wards a plaoa : to ^ by, to be guided oy. 

B«»A»T,e4fti— nlliiig* It is only Media thi^ 
I4i 



D18 

phrase. EmpieKtmewt diHsMM, an obstsole 
that renders a marriage null and Toid. 

Djs, a prepositive particle, which being pro- 
fixed to certain wonl«, gives them either a 
negative sense, as: dittgraeit, .a disgrace.: 
dijpropsrtiofi, a disproportion, er is the sign 
. of a disparity, as : diipo$tr, to dispose cf : 
disputer, to dispute. 

DisAMT, adj, is joined to tbe pronoun im, asi.: 
Soi'diMant, would be, self-called. Also : >S'<u- 
dtfant, adv. »xp, according to what tbey aay 
or what is »aid. 

Disc ALE, gm* {com,) tret or tare : allowance in 
weight for waste. 

DiscALSR, va. {com,) to tare. 

DiscKPTATiow, if, disceptation, dispotatioii, 
debate, controversy. 

DiacEBMEUBVT, SSI. discemmeut, judgment, 
power of distinguishing, the discerning fa- 
culty. 

DiscEB3iEB, SB. to disccm, to make 4 difference 
botween, to distinguish, to judge, to descry. 

DisciPLK, «m. a disciple, a pupil, a scholar. 

DieciPLiNABLB, o^;. disciplinable, capable of 
inatroction, tractable. 

DiscipLiKE, sjf. discipline, education, instruc- 
tion, rule, onier : a whip made use of by 
monks md nuns. 

Disoipi.i7tBB, va» to discipline, to instruct, to 
educate, to regulate : to scourge, to whip. 

DisooNTiNUATiovi $j\ discontinuatiOo, duiooii- 
tiuuance, disruptitoi, cessation, interruption. 

DiscoNTiNVKR, vfl. to discontlnuc, to lesTo, sr 
break off, to interrupt. 

DiscoMTiNUEB, «M. to disoontiuue, to oesss. 
JLa pluie a diMOitf tntic, it haa ceaaed raining, 
the rain is over. 

DiscoNVBMAjucB, {/*. disagreement: difference, 
disproportion, inequality. 

DiscoNVKNXB, vs. to disagree, not to agree, lo 
. diifor in opinion : to deny, to disown. 

Discouo, tm. {ob$J) disagrsement. 

DitfcoBD, 4idj, dissonsnt, out of tune. 

- Discp a o A NCE , ff*. discordance, discordancy. , 

Discos DANT, adj, discordant, untunable, jar- 
ring : dissonant, disagreeing. 

DiscoRDE, rf, discord, dissension, . dissgree- 
ment, opposition, variani e, strife, contention, 
quarrel. Pmnme de diteordt, a bone of con- 
tention. 

DiscoBDEB, vs. (siiit.) to discord, to be qoX of 
tune. 

DiscovBsuB, isi. \ a prattler, a tattler : a fine 

Discou REUSE, rf» j talker : one who makes 
fine promises and means nothing. 

Discou RIB, vn. to discourse, to talk idly, to 
argue. 

Discou R8, sm. a discourse, a conversation, a 
speech: a dissertation, an oration, a set 
speech. DtweMn m Cairf idle tslking. 
ueirangtt diteoun^ strange taiking. 

DuootJBTOiS, a^j, (obi.) discourteous, uncivil. 

DiscouRTOisiE, ff.(oft«.) discourtesy, incivility. 

DiscBBMT. «m. discredit, disgrace,' ignominy. 

DiscRiniT^, n4f, discredited: out 5f fayour, 
fallen into disgrace. . 

DiscBBT, adjm discreet, who can keep a secret : 

.. caatioiif,^pnid«nt, consid«i»te, circumspect t 



DIB 

tt»dUtit» Ml fttiArud: (plgft) B0| «i%- 

nant. 

IhsciiftTBttEvVy iniir* iaaan&Oft conndtntely, 

. prwleiidj, eMrtknwlj^ 

Ihmomtnom, .ifC discretioa, dttcnMBMt, pin- 
AeiHM,eiro«mBpftetioo, emiitaon : difc«tinn«at, 
jiMln«at, will. A diicretitm, «A». «tp. mt 
oners discretion, pleasure or will. 

DtscniiTONVAiRS, a^f, dwcntionarjr* «ni«-> 



SWAmffi^lf. ittfeMii^t JAe^^tj, Wirtim 
in nak «r exeettMoe : ^iMUiiUMei valike* 



Pt8cvi.!PATtoNv ff. exMlpttiont the act of diar- 

ing^ from alleged l>lame. 
PiacuLPsih va. to disctdpalse* to exciiliiate, to 

rindicate, to clear from the impotatioii of 

blame, to justify* 
.IhaetTLPBA (8a), «r. ta clear omnlf fvom the 

imputation of Mame, to mtify oBBaalf. 
Jhacvaaip, a^ i^-) dnaucaiva, atfuaaa- 

tativ«. 
Dtscvssioiv, if, discusaicm, critical eziiaina- 

tiott,ati<ctli^ttir/: altencatoft, diaqutsitaon, 
. ininasligatiDn c atrifB) dtspate, wrangltef . 
Di8Cima,.tMi. 10 discvsa, to oxaniiiie faf^ti- 
"' ^viaitioa. ar iaqiiily, to examine. p ue nW 

in UtM d*un debiteur, to find wt tiie olivets 

of a delMor, mkI caaaa tlma to 1m sold. 
Disnar, edf . wlio apeaka waH and imndf , elo- 
quent, copious, abounding in wovda. 
^itfimT^iTENr, adv* 0loi|iiently, foUf : in dea*, 

pn^r, and wa^l-oboaein esprasaiona. - 
'BisBtTB, rf, deaitih aearalty, penary: wvnt «f 

namaaariaa, 4tatN8a, misetf. 
JDiauTfetf sc» «rff. (aU and ois.) needf , in went. 
DisEUR, sm.l he or aha who «afa 4r talla, a 
DflSKva*, tf, j talMr. Dkeuu da brninB aaaa- 

f«4«> n ftff > ua a » teller. Dmw ^ Amis mou, ] 

a jester. Diteur de rt«iu> an aaaply talker. 

Ifn ^MMt <&i»iir, eM who apeaha withtfeoia- 

tion. 
^taoRACB, «f. dfagiitiii, aatateofheingovt^f 

favovr : diaflironr : ill-foFtaae, miafoMane. 
BisoRAciifi, ]NKFt. wida^f. ovtofdiTonr: diafi- 

gurad. VisgNHiii da im nature, deformed. 
DisoftacrKVssai«iii», ada. diagracefullyi in ^ 

• diagva0«Ail manner t diaagreeablr. 
DisoRAcifiux, adj, langraoefol, diaagraeahle, 

nupleltfaBt. 
•DisjoiNDRB, ve.to disjoin, to part thfnga joined , 
' together, to a^paiMe, ta attndea. 
DisjONCTtp, adj.{gr,} disjunctire, tlifltdii^Mns, 

parti'or aepanrtea. Pf^^psftttan dt^f^neih^, ^ 

disjunctire preposition. 
ShsjpKcvtON, tf\ dr^uvietioD, aeputliM, liia- 

fittioik, parting. 
BiiLocATiow, tjf\ dtiioeatton, n IwMtioa, a put- 

thdg out of joint. 
DtsT.oQUER, va, to dislocate, to disjoiaft, to\>ut 

«ifErt of jdfnt. Diwtoquer nne mrmee, (aui») to 

disp^fae an army, to divide it. 
•Bf«i>AfeAr>R, sf. (o6i.) noai-'cppearanae, atadden 

absence. 
•0tspit«ik1rKR, en. to diaaf'pear, to va&iah<oBtof 

• sight, to Taiiiah awwr : toliy.to go awaf. 
PisPARAi^, $f, (v Spankhword) inaonaiataRcy 

• in -one's oondnct/actHms, spoach cr writinga : 
impertinence, oddity. 

•^»PAicAtB, ttj^. diapMte, iitoohMM<il,4acoB- 

143 



Dm^ariti^Kv fff the aat of diaappaariag mt i«- 

niahiag away. 
DispxND»DX, «M^\^paaaiva, ooatly« tiaquiriiig 

naa^ ^Ispeaaa. 
OiapRNSAiRB, sRk (piby.) a dnmeBaary: a dia- 

pensatory, a house in which nusdieiBaa are 

diapauad gratis : attaatiaa tm die matlMd of 

preparing mediainaa: thaiplaaa whaaa modi* 

Mliaa are prapaiad. 
DxspENSATsvRy «»• \ R diapanaori a dispaaar, a 
DiapxRSAVEfGB, if» J dia^hiitQv. 
DxspBvaATioiTy j^ diapmaatiim, diatfibntiofi, 

the net ef diapawaiwg jaar daatrihntiag t that 

ment. 
DlSRBirsBvf^RdiapBpnae (imifittf ) a dii 

tion, an exception : a p a wi s aio K i R |h 
DiaPsvavR, imu to lispgnaa with, to giaant dit* 

penaaiixm ftMr« to ax|9naa» to «xnipt6«pis to 

abaolpa^ todiatrihste, to daalottts totoato 

ip R abBduae. J>tapeRs^Hn0ida<li,/«tnr»a«i* 

cnse me £ar*not doing iu 
]ha»RicaBR(fia)«ap,toascB8a«Baaalffi«to» . 
Di8PERSBR,aa. to disperse, to scattor: to deal 

ahoott to diaamata, to jpat out of oi4a>. 
DtspBRsroN,!^. lOfpanMit aprendvngy aastter- 

ing about: diaaipation. 
OisMviatAy «uAf*4in08aMa^aiot pnaataiady cm- 

gagad^p emfioywl : toha diapaaad ofL 
Dxapoa, ad^'. actn** .mmUe». awnk, iiealdbj» 

sprightly, cheerful. 
Ihwavi, paiC and >adj. -tfapbaad, prHt—ail. 

Bien or mal dupaatfyWall w ih?a iftmto d> 
DisHMRk, w. to dia|ipaa^ to mgnlato, to «at % 

otdais to w^fom, ■ to tam to «ny pnatipalar 

and, to apply »r adnpt to any paitiMilar pur- 

poae: to «ii^>eae a^ to girOf to haatoi^« to 

tianafer, 
DiaaoeiTiVy tm, the •anaeting past «r ielBaaa#f r 



DisposiTXP, ad;, preparatory. 

DiaposiTipv, tf. diipasitaan, «Met, diatsilto- 
tion : natural itneaa, <piiiUty : a partingtoith, 
eithar hjrRsIa or igift: the fowto of dkpoR- 
ing: aptitode: inttination,ptoRenesato:'dia- 
pMid, command : aiaotiaii of fcindnaw ar M 
will : damffa,uni4, wJU, naalalaon: stato of 
K)dy or mind : tendency to any aat wr atoto. 
Btremkume^m maumim d i mmi tk n^ to ho in 



R goad arbad alatoof faaaltb. 
DispRovoRTioN, jf. diaprapoationr diapaaity, 

ineqnidity. 
i>TsvROPORTiDindt, tf^f* dtapTopoftioMto, am- 

aiiitahla,'1uieqnai. 
DfspR«poRTioKirRB, «R. to dt«pr«i|Mrtfia», to 

unmatch, to mismatch. 
DtsauTAVLB, adj. dispotaUe, iiabiB to-ooatodt, 

oqntravaitiMe : uatartain, patahleasaticRL 
DispuTAiLLsn, vn. towtngla, toRitanoaia, to 

aqRabhIew 
DispuTAiLLEURf sai. 1 R anwRgier, a disfRstotiTe 
Brafin^AixiLBosR, wf, J man or woman. 
Dispim, ^. « iiap«ta«^R quanrel, m dahRto, a 

— ^-. ^ayafcfton^ <antiowsy> 
. vn tmrdiaiiBto iaiiimfand 



Dm 

m«Bt, 10 debftM, to wpi$ i td #i«h^9» to 

■qaibUei tt diflsgree : to stiire, K) vie with, 

to be comparable to. 
DttPtTTER (Sd), vr. to contend, to qfnanel, t6 

be eoDtended for. 
DnpiTTEtjn, Ml. a dlapnter, a wfui|$ler, a qttairo 

robome foUoW. 
Bi9PVT«oii» in(;. qnorrelBome. Ssprit cfftpn* 

teitr, a qvarrelBome diapoailion* (J. J. Kmu- 

MW.) 

Discos, sai; the iHmct of the ancients, iupto- 
pttijT calM pwtt in Btigfliali : a dlak : the 

• lkc« of the em) or any other planet. 

Di8QVi«iTioM, «f*. (a didaetie term) a diii|nisi- 
don, a dlapnfttive inquiry, t diUgent aeaitth 
after Mme larntli; 

Disruption, f/'. disruption, dila6eratieti;bieich, 

DiftaeTEim, mm. mete cenanenly i>i8si%«7ftva, 

a diiaectiH',%11 UMomiat* 
DiMBcitow, ff. (oMir.) dieaeotion, anatomy t a 

critical examination. 
DwikiiBLAa«,», tajF- ^iiflitaBllaF, «nltke> heteM- 

geneoas. 
DistieaatAireB, if. Aaiinrilarity, diseimllitode, 

anlikenesa, want of reeeaiblande. 
BttsinniATToir, ^. (tMit« Mk.) n natttMl die* 

persion of needs. 
Dini^iiTiiBii, «». to diesemfnate, to spread, to 
' sraneralMNiti te dHRtset to disperse^ Im 

jui/k mmt Hi^$ihinKs dMU mtt fVatVffi, the 

Jisraaie dlseeiBlttatedtdf disponed, thnragi^^ 

oat the uiuTerse. 
Bttttintois, sf. dfseendvm, dfamgfvement, ati4l^ 

contention y parrel. 
DissBVTivKNT, A*, ditsentlik^, dtfi^xwiee of 

P])foidn. 
Ditsiqtsn.tfk. If cHr.) te dissect, toanaten^e : 

to criticise, to examine ttinately. 
DissiQrttrn, tm. a dissector* one who diesects, 

tt& vstfaCottist. 
BiitsaTATafjR, MM. a dissertater, one who Itkes 

to disselt m- dispnte. It ia renenlly need in 

an abfhvoaTttMe sense, ^mi^eac dUtnia- 

tMr, a tedious controvertist* 
DtuESTAnoN, ff. a disteHstion, a formal dis- 

coarse, % disqnisitien, a treatise. 
Disfaaram, «n. to dissett, to diaconr9e> to ^s- 

pate. 
ftiMiim ATitz. «(9. distfhnnar, of a different "ok- 

tape er epeelee, not similar, anlike^. 
DissiMiuTUDi, if. diasMlitade, unSikeneas* 

want of liCMniblBnee* ' 

he or she who dissembles Iris er her tme dis- 

ptaitien. 
BiisiMVLATio!?, »f. disstiniilation, the act of 

flsasisftling : a feigsing, afalsepretensioit, 

bjpoerisy. 
DusEVvti, 9^, dhttemUtog, deceitful, wonted 

to dfssiflinlation. Caraetifr9 dimmut^t a hy- 

pecfitfetl dispoaitiMt. 
DintnvLaa, va. and n. te dissemble, to hldb 

ndev a filse appearance, to o^ncfeal, to ^s- 

gttise, 10 conceal one's trae dispcHitioB, to 

plavdi^hyMinCe^ J9 tf^ tttm^nU dIttkmUer 

'lis 



ms 

flMif mtHmanUi I tiannoc dkHenMe my fbal 
sentimental 

QlstiPATiva, iM.la spendthrift, a pvedigali k 

D188IPATRICE, $f. ) laidsheK 

DissiPATTOM, if, dissipation, dispersion : wast»» 
squandering : the acts, the state of a prodi- 
gid : Inattention, scattered attention] relak*- 
ation : that which relaxes the niind% 

DibsifA, fart, and adj, sqnoiidered aarat« Stptk 
ditsip^, ^ mind incapable of applicanott» Fie 
dUiip^€, a life of dissipation. 

DtsstPiR, oa. to dissipate, to dispefM, tb Scat- 
ter : to waste, to cimsaaie aftttane : todfiye 
away, to diapel : to recreste, to relax. 

Disst^aa (Se), vr, te take some rebdtaticUf to 
diTort or relax oneself. 

Dissoiv; m^\ dissolute, loose i wanton, leWd« 
dis8ol?ed in pleasores : luxurious, debanchedi 
libidinous. 

DissoLVBLx, ttdj, (^ehtm,^ dissdlnhle, diseelr- 
ahle, eapable of being aiesolred. 

Di880LUMENT,a<{o. dissolutely^ tcosely, lewdlyj 
in debauchery : Without restraint 

DissOLvTip, sv{/. dissolrent, thai has the pcfrer 
of melting. 

Dissot.tt'fbN, ff. disboftttietti « liquefying hf 
heat or moisture : the. result of that opera- 
tion i Mi^iM^Bielfym : looseness «f ftannere^ 
laxity, dissipation, dissoluteness, dehauche- 
ry. 'La ditrntutitm d'an siaHk^ the disedlT- 
ing of a maniage. La dCfsofution i*tdlM te^ 
ti^S, the dissolU(ion \of a partnetahip. 

DHsOLVAwr, adj, and f . (cWst.) dlesolvent) liaV^ 
ing the quiAity of meeting : a dissolTent. ' 

DissoNAivce, ff. fwuf.) dissomance, discord, a 
niiiture of harui, unharmonious so^indb* 

Bist6KAii¥, adf. disaonijnt, discordant : harftin 
jarring, unharmonious, iinpleaaimt to Hie ear. 

Dissovnan-, va, to dissdre, tomeh. toltc^ueiy, 
t|> disunite: te destroy: lebrear, Db sepa* 
rate, to annul, to abolish. 

DitsotTDRX (Se), w, to dissolve, taheHieHe^ 
or liquefied :. to sink away, %o fell asunder, 
to crumble to nothing: to waste aWay, tp 
peris!}. 

D1S8UADER, va, to dissuade, to adviile or exhort 
agf^nst, t6 dehort, to dircYt by reason &r 
importunity. 

B1S8UA8ION. ff. dissttiM^on, ttehoftatiott, 

DiBSYLiADC, «f. a dissyllable, a word of two 
syllables. 

DissYLLABiQux, B^, ditfsyllabie, coosiiting df 
two ayllabtes only . 

Distance, rf, distance, (whether as to pllfce, 
time or rsnk) : intenrid : difference. 

Distant, adj, distant, remote, (hr off. 

Distxndub, va. to distend : (phy.) to cansi 
too grest a tension : to swell, to expand. 

DisTi^NSiON, ff. distention, the actof distending 
or stretching, tension. 

DisTiLLATKVR, fST. sdlstiller, one who distils^ 

DiflTiLLATioN, ff. distillation, the act -of dis- 
frlling by Are : the substance drawn by tiie 

, stili. 

DisTiLLATOiac, a4/« disdllatery, belo/nging to 

. distillation, used or fit for distifKng. f^afs 
imni^tiiirej a tiettllatoiy VeSael. 

DisTiLLZB, va, to^flflil,t6drBiwby diatSMton, 



J 



DIT 

to discliifi^, to Tent. DitttlUr tari^tt to r^nt 
one's passion. Distiller deuxfois, to rectify* 

DisTiLLBit, vn. to distil, to drop, to fall if 
drops : to trickle down. - 

Distinct* adj. distinct, different, clear/expli- 
cit, plain, specified. 

BisTiNCTSMBNT, ai/«. distinctly, not confusedly, 
plainly, clearly. , 

DisTiNCTiF, adj, distinctir«, having the power 
to distinguish and disoem. 

Distinction, tf, distinction, difference : pre- 
eminence, superiority : division, separation : 
merit, hononraMe estimation. 

DiSTiNoui, part, and adj. distinguished : emi- 
nent, conspicuous. Un homme distingtt^, a 
man of note. MMte ^distingu^, eminent 
merit. 2^ai<Miic0 4ii<tifi^u^f, high birth. 

DiSTiNovxR, va. to distinguish, to note by the 
diversity of things, to separate by some mark 
of honovr or prerarence : to discriminate : to 
specificate : to divide, to separate, to make 
known or eminent. 

DiSTiNcuKn (Se), vr. to distinguish or signalize 
oneself, to raise oneself above the common 
level, to make oneself eminent. 

DisTXQUB, nn. a distich, a couplet, a couple of 
verses. 

Distortion, tf» (ehir,) distortion, a twisting 
er writhing motion, a relaxation of the mus- 
cles, by which toy part of the body is writhed. 

DisTEACTioNfff. distraction, separation : heed- 
lessness, want of attention : absence of mind. 

DisiRAiBB, v6. to distract, to separate, to di- 
vide, to part : to subdue, to take away : to 
call off the attention, to divert from : to dis- 
sipate, to disturb. 

PiSTUAinE (Se), or. to take some relaxation, 

. to divert one's mind. 

Distrait, part, and a^. distracted, diverted, 
taken off : inattentive, heedless. Un etprit 
distrait, an absent mind. 

DiSTRiBUBR, va, to distribute, to deal out : to 
divide, to disperse: to dispose, to set in 
order: to give, to bestow. 

DisTRiauER (Se), IT. to be distributed, divided 
Dr bestowea. 

DiSTRiBUTEUR,s}H.l a distributor, a dispen- 

DlSTRIBUTRICE, f/'. r SCr. 

DiSTRiBVTiF, a<(/-^^s^bu^^®» ^^^^ distributes, 
that divides and assigns in portions. Jus* 
tice distributive, distributive justice. 

Distribution, sf', a distribution, a dispensa- 
tion or administration to numbers: a divi- 
sion : (with printers) the separating of the 
types, and placing each letter in its proper 
cell in the cases. 

District, sm, a district, the extent of a juris- 
diction : precinct* province. Cela n*est pas 
de man district, that is not in my province, or 
that does not concern me. 

DiT, sm, a remarkable saying, an apophthegm, 
a maxim. 

DiT, par^ and <u2;. said, concluded, decided. 
C^est une chose dite, that is settled : sumamed. 
Henri quatrt, dit le grand, Henry the fourth,* 
sumamed the great. 

Dityrambs, sm, a dithyramb, a dilhyramb, a 
0ODg in hoapur of Bacchus. 
t44 



DIV 

DiTYBAnniQUB, adf, dilhynittbie. 

Ditto or Dito, {an Italian word UMe4 tn ac- 
counts) dittO) or do. said, aforesaid, the same 
thing, 

DiURBTiQux, a(lf. and s. diuretic, having the 
power of provoking urine. 

DiuRNAi., sm. a day-bookt a journal : a prayer* 
book for each day in the year. 

DiuRNB, a4i' (ftst-) diurnal, performed in a 
day or 24 hours. Mouvement diume de la 
terre, the diurnal revolution of the earth. 

Divagation, rf, incoherence, in speaking or 
writing : a going astray from the subjeet in 
question, it is principally used in the 
plural. 

DivAouBR, tn, to go away from the subject in 
(question, to rave, to be incoherent in speak- 
ing <hr writing. 

DivAN, im. a divan, a council of the Oriental 
princes : a sofa that extends round a room. 

Diverg»:ncb, sf, (optics) divergence, tendency 

. to various parts from one point, areoeding 
from each other. 

Divergent, adj, divergent, departing or reced- 
ing from each other. 

Divers^ adJ, diverse, diffisxent, differing, va* 
rioutf : several, manF> 

pivBRSKMBNT, ocfv. diverscly, differently, va- 

' rionsly, in different ways. 

DivBRsiFiABLBy adj, that may be diversifi^. 

DivBBsiPiEB, va, to diversify, to variegate : tp 
vary, to give diversity to, to distinguish. 

Diversion, rf.. a diversion, the act of giving a 
different turn, a turning aside. 

DivERSiTB, rf, diversity, diffsrence, variety : 
dissimilitude, unUkeness. Dtvoritt^ d'opi" 
nions, a diversity of opinions. 

DivBRTiR, va, to embeaxle, to misapply, to 

. rob : to divert, to amuse, to delight, to re- 
create, to exhilarate. 

DivBATiB (Se), vr, to make merry, to be 
merry, to take one's pleasure or diverswn, 
to amuse oneself : to be amased : to laugh at, 

DivBRTissANT, o^, diverting, amusinjg, en- 
tertaining : pleasant, agreeable, delightftil. 

DivEBTissEMBNT, fiR* diversion, recreation, 
pastime: a divertissement, singinc and 
dancing between the acts of a pl&y. Viver^ 
tissemcnt dc fends, the embeialmg ^f money. 

DiviDENDB, mi. a dividend, a share. 

DiviN, a<y. divine, partaking of the nature of 
God, proceeding from God» heavenly : ex- 
cellent, extraordinarv. 

Divination, sf, divination, conjectural presage, 
a prediction. 

DiviNATOiRB, adj, divinatory, belonging to or 
profeasing divination. 

Divinbment, adx. divinely, heavenly, exoel- 
lently, in an admirable manner. 

DiviNisER, va, to deify, to adore aa God, to 
praise beyond measure. 

DiviNiTi, sf, divinity, godhead, God, the 
Deity, the supreme Being : (post.) a great 
beauty, an angel : a ialse god or goddess. 

DivisBR, M.-to divide, to part, to sever, to 
sunder, to put asunder t to set at variance, to 
disunite : to separate, to keep a part. 

DivisEB* 9JI. to divide, to make division. 



DOC 

DiTiituR, tm. (tritk,^ t diTifor, A» number 

hy which the dividend is divided. 
OintiBiLiii, tf, divisibility, the quality of 

being diTi^ble, divinblenen. 
BiTisiDLB, 04/* ^▼ittble, capable of division. 
DiruioN, ^. division, the dividins into part^, 

iepnation, parting : (^arith.) a division, the 

pvting of any nnmber given into any parts 

sangned: disunion, luscord, difference; 

(«i/.) part of an army or of a fleet : (rhet,) 

puts iote which a disconrse is dividea. 
DivoncE, m. divorce, the legal separation of 

man and wife : disunion, separation. 
IhvoBCBK, vn. to divorce, to part legally with 

one's hosband or wife. 
DivuLOATioK, rf. divulgation, a publishing 

abroad. 
DiWLGUBK, va. to divulge, to publish, or 

reveal what was secret. 
Dix, itiMi. mdj, and t, ten. Dix Uvret, t^n 

poands. £< dix d*atout, the ten of trumps. 

■Lt dix du moit, the tenth of the month. 
Bix-aviT, mem. adf, and f. eighteen. Le dix- 

Atutinie, the eighteenth. 
Dix-NBUF, num. adj. and f. nineteen. Le die* 

MKviemtf, the nineteenth. 
Bix-SBFT, num. iu{f» and f . seventeen. Le dix- 

sepiaesM, the seventeenth. 
BixiAme, em. a tenth-part, a tenth. 
DixiAmb, tuy. tenth. 

BixiixBMKKT, adv. tenthly, in the tenth place. 
DfZAiy, sai. a stanxa often verses, a rosary of 

teabeada. 
BxzAivx, if. ten, a titliing. 
BtzxAv, im. a shock, a pile often sheaves of 

com, bay, straw, and the like. 
BiiBNixn, am. a tithing-man, a collector. 
DocTLx, ati^. docile, tractable, apt to l^m : 

auld, submissive, easily managed. CheveU 

dodU, a loyal horse. * 
DociLBMBVT, adv. with docility, submissively. 
Jktcthirk, ef. docility, teachableness, 'aptness 

to be taught, readmess to learn ? a natural 

dispoaitioii to be ruled. La doeilitt de$ 6U' 

pkmntt eet remarquabU, the docility of ele- 
phants 18 remarkable. 
DocTx, adf. and t. learned, a good scholar. 
BocTBXBitTy adv. eruditely, learnedly, with 

skill er erudition. 
Docnua, em. a doctor, a teacher, a professor, 

one ^ho has passed all the degrees of a 

faculty : a leained man, a man of erudition ; 

a physician : {fam, and iron.^ an ignorant 

Bun wbo has great pretensions to learning. 
DocTOBAL* 9m. doctoral, relating to the degree 

of a doctor. Robe doetoraU, a doctor's gown. 
DocroBAT, 4m. doctorate, doctorship, the rank 

or degree c»f a doctor. 
DocTonaniE, ef. a public disputation for the 

degree of a doctor. 
DocTBiHAiKE, tm. foTmcrly a priest of the' 

Chriatiaii doctrine : a doctrinary, a man fond 

of new systems. 
DocmniAi., o^/* doctrinal, pertsiniog to a 

doctrine. 
DocTKiifE, rf. doctrine, eruditioo, learning, 

knowledge: tenets: a syatem: the art of 

teaching. 
145 



DOM 

BocuMBivT, tm. document, precept: imtMO'' 
tion : a written evidence, record. 

DoDiNBR (Se), vr. to indulge, to make mnish 

.of oneself, to pamper ones^f. 
Dodo, tm. (a ekiUHtk expremon) sleep, the 
nurse's luUaby. AUer d dodo, to go to bed. 
F^aire dodo, to sleep. 
DoDv, adj. {pop.) plump, somewhat fat, not 

lean, in good case. 
DoGAT, em. the dignity or office of a Doge : 

the time of its duration. 
DooB, tm. Doge, formerly the chief magistrate 

' of Venice and Genoa. 

DooMATiQUE, adj. dogmatic, dogmatical : per« 
taining to a religious dogma: pedantio> 
arrogant, positive. 

DooMATiQvxMETtT, odv. dogmatically, pom* 
tively, arrogantly. 

D00MATI8BR, va. and n. to dogmatise, to in- 
struct or teach magisterially, to asaert posi- 
tively. 

D00MATT8EVR, tm. (iron,) a dogmatiaer, an 
assertor, a magisterial teacher. $ 

DoGMATisTE, tm. a dogmatist, a positive as*> 
sertor. 

DooMx, tm. dogma, sn established principle, 
a doctrinal notion, a maxim, a tenet, a doc- 

. trine (particularly in matters of faith and 
philosophy). 

DooBE, tm. (mar.) a Dutch dogser-boat. 

DoGUE, tm. a bulldog, a mastiff. 

D00VE8 o'amube, (mar.) h9le» of the ches- 
trees. 

DoocER (Se), vr. to butt at one snother with 
the horns, to strike each other with the head, 
(as homed cattle). 

Dooviv, sm.l a small bulldog, a whelp> a 

DoGviNE, «f.j puppy. 

DoiGT, tm, a finger: a claw. Doigt dupied, 
a toe : (amea#uro) a digit, a finger*s breadth. 
Un doigt de vin, a little wine. iSavoir tur le 
bout du doigt, to know perfectly. J^tr^ mon- 
tr£ au doigt, to be pointed at. Vout vous en 
Ucherei let doirtt, it. will make van smack 
your lips. J^ me^rait U doifau feu, I 
would Isy my life on it. 

DoioTER, va. (flttis.) to finger a musical in- 
strument. 

DoioTiER, tm, a rag to put about a aore finger. 

DoL, tm. (jur.) a naud, a deceit, a cheat, an 
artifice. 

DoLiANCE, tf. a doleful complaint, a grievance. 

DoLEAU, tm. a slater's edging tool. 

DoLEXMENT, ttdv, dolefuUy, mournfully, wo- 
fully. 

DoLENT, adj. doleful, mournful, querulous. 

DoLEB, va. to .plane, to level, to smooth, to 
chip. 

DoLoiRE, tf, (a tool) a plane, an adz or addice : 
a kind of truss. 

DoM, or Don, (a title among the Spaniards and 
Portuguese) don. 

Domains, tm. a domain, an estate, a possession, 
a demain, demean or demesne. 

t)ouAviAL, a4j. belonging to a domain. 

D6if E, tm, a dome, a fabric, a cathedral : a he- 
mispherical arch (at the top of a building) 
a cupoUu 

h 



DON 

Hmruticiv^tff.tke state of aMrrant: aser- 
Tile state er oimditioa : (spmking rfanimaU) 
(1m Mag tBiQe (tr domestioated. 

BoMESTiQVB, «9». « liomestiCf one k^ in the 

} asi^ii hoaae : all tlie individuals composing a 
iSHmyi all tbe serrants coUectiTeljr 2 one's 
home or family : a senrant« Avoir un nom- 
brwf doflisNigHSf to have a groat number of 
serrants. 

Pc^WMn^VBi a4f* domestic, belonging to the 
house : tame : intestine. 

DoJUSSf lAusafrftNT) adv. domestically, as a ser- 
Tent : fiuniliarly : at home. 

Domicilii;, Ml. H domicile, a dwelling, a place 
At fleaidenpe, a. habitation, an abode or man- 
sion, a residence. 

BailiciU4Jai^ a^. {a nmo word) domiciliary, 
pertaining to an abode. VisiUi d(Wiici/taire,^a 

domidliwry Tisit. 

nojfiHLiBit. (^)» vr. to settle in a place. It 
is seldom used in any other tenses but those 
CQiBiioaed with the past. Je $ttu donudlic ^ 
CheUea, I am settled in Chelsea. 

DomvAVT, o/dj. domiaant, ruling, predominant. 

DoMiNATEUR, 5m. Y a dominator, a governor, a 

Pmhhavbicb, {f*. j lord« a ruler. La damU 
naUim dtt wurs, the ruler of the seas. 

DoniifAXzvii, «<{;• dominative, domineering. 
Le peupU dominaUur, the sovereign^^people. 

Domihaxion, {/.domination, power, dominion, 
government, soveveignty. 

DomivvM, va. and n» to dominate, to predomi- 
nate, to domineer, to govern, to rule, to 
ttvvay. to pcev-aiU 

J)oMii(iCAiM, d4;. and sw. a Dominican, one of 
the order of St. Dominic. 

PqipN lOA^, atif, and s. Dominical, relating to the 
Lord's day. UoraUon dominicaU, the X^rd's 
prayer. 

Ppif{HO, $m. domino, a kind of hood : a mas- 

. ^uecade dress : a kind of game much played 
in France. 

DontvQTaaiE, {f. paper stained either in mar- 
ble or any other eolour. 

DoMIN^TiKa, sm, a paper-stainer, a printseller. 

DoMMAGE, «m. damage, mischief, hurt, detri- 
in^t: los%: the vilue of mischief done. 
C*est dommage, or grand dommqgt, it is a 
pity, or a great pity. 

PoMM AGEABLK, «4/. detrimental, prejudicial. 

DoMPTADLE, adj. tameable, governable. 

DojtBTBR, v^. to taste, to break, to make gen- 
tle : to cuasb, to depress : to overcome, to 
subdue, to vanquish, to. conquer. 

DoMPTKUR, $m, a tamer of beasts :- a subduer, 
a. vanquisher^ a conqueror. 

Don, sf. a gift, a donation, a grant : a knack : 
readiness : talent. Don gratult, a gratuitous 

fiiti Le don d^ plaire, the knack of pleasing. 
,e don de la parole, the gift of speech. 
Ppz^ATA^aa* fjii.^a douee, the person to whom 
a gift is made. 

dSI1tri"e'T I a donor, a giver, a bestower. 
Donation, if, a donation, the act of giving : 

tlie grant % which a thing is given. 
D<\l^«2.<^<ny* thei^ tl^refore, Jsfwiue, dowJ9 

fuii, I reflect, therefore I am ezi^twgi 
146 t 



DOft 

Dotiooir, ^. (fian.) a fat and Jolly female. 

Donjon, sm, a donjon, a strong tower in the 
• middle of a fort : a tower or place in which 
prisoners are kept : a turret, a platform. 

DoNNANT, od;'. liberal, generous (mostly used 
with the negative). U n'i»t pat donnant, he 
is rather stingy. 

Donne, sf, deal, dealing (at cards). Perdr€$a 
. dount, to lose the deal. . 

Donner, va. to give, to bestow, to confer 
without any pri<^e or reward : to deliver, to 
consign :. to impart, to communicate : to paf , 
to yield as due : to grant, to allow, to ascribe 
to. Donner avis, to inform. Donner eonteH^ 
to adrise. Donner rendn^votu, to iq>point a 
meeting, Donnor ordre, to order, to comi 
mand. Donner parole, to promise. Downer 
dc Veneem, to. praise. Quel Age me doaiMs- 
wnii ? how old do you think I am 1 

Donnbr, tit. to deal (at cards) : to fight, t^ 
engage, to conflict : to bear, - to produce. 
Dotmer sar wt jar din, swr la rue, to look into 
a garden, to front the street. Donner a enten-^ 
dre, to hint. Donner a boire, to fill the glass. 

Donner (Se), vr. to give oneself up, to devote 
oneself to, to be addicted to. Se donner dee 
airs', to give oneself airs. Se donner de la 
peine, to work hard. Se donner la peine, to 
take the trouble of. Se donner garde de 
quelqu*un, to mistrust one. Se donner de 
garde de faite, to take care not to do. Se 
donner un ehapeau, to buy a hat, to treat one* 
self with a hat. 

DoNNEUR, tm, a giver. Donneur d'cau btnite 
de cour, a -man of words only. 

DoNT, pr. whose, whereof, of which, of whom. 

DoNZELLs, ef. (/am.) a damsel^ a female of 
doubtful virtue. 

Dor AD £ «^t (a sea-fi^) dorado, the goldfish : 
(a«t.) a southern constellation. 

DoR&NAVANT, odv. henceforth, hereafter, for 
the future. 

DoRER, va, to gild, to gild over, to make yel- 
low with yolks of eggs or eaflron. Dorer la 
pillule, to gild the pUl. 

DoREVR, sm. a gilder, a person who gilds. 

DoniEN, adj. m. Dorian, pertsining to the 
music or the dialect of the Dorians. 

DoRiQUE, adj. {arch.) Doric, pertaining to the 
Dorians. Dialeete dorique, the Doric dialect. 
L*ordre dorique, the Doric order. 

DoRLOTER, va. to cookor, to fond^, to pamper, 
to make much of. 

DoRLOTER (Se), vr. to make much of oneself. 

Dormant, adj. v. sleeping: stA, stagnant. 
Eau3^ dormantes, stagnant water. Chaesis 
dormant, a sash that never opens. En dor' 
mant, adv. in sleeping. 

DoRMEUR, sm. 1 a sleeper, one who sleeps, one 

Dormeuse, rf. j who is fond of sleeping. 

Dor MIR, vf|. to sleep, to rest, tabe dormant 
or sleeping. Dormir la grasse matink^e, to 
sleep late in the morning. Donair yrf^ondi- 
menti or dW profoiud.9ommeH, to sleep very 
soundly. 

DoaMia, «in. sleepiag, sleep, rest. 

Doi^MiTiF, a<{;, and «» flonuforou^i sopoiifo- 
rous, soporific. 



r 



Don 

Doiort, fM. ft pafltry-cook's brcifili* 

Doititi «<(/. (antft.) dorsal, pertaiDing to the 
btck. 

DoiToiR, «M. donoitoiy, a place or room to 
alMpin. 

DoKvtB, if, gilding, a waahing over with eggs, 
with jolka of eg^ or saffron. 

Dot, fM. the back, the top, a ridge. 'Dtn-d'int, 
shelving ea both sides. Toumer \b dos, to 
go away. Faire U grot dot, to assame an air 
of impertance. Do$ d, do»t adv* esp» back to 
back. 
Dose, tf, dose, a certain quantity, a portion. 
Dosta, w. to doae, to proportion a medieine. 
Don*, ^'. s iitch of wood, a slab of timber, a 

hirge plank. 
DossBBET, «m. a small jutting pilaster, a gable. 
Dotsiaa, «m. the back of a seat, the headboard 

(of a bed), u file of law-papers. 
Dotei^RB, if, the ridge band (of a harness). 
Dot, |f. a portion, a dower or dowry, the pro- 
perty wuoh a woman brings to her husband 

ia aaiTiage. 
Dotal, adj, dotal, pertaining to a woman's 

mtiriage portion or dower. 
DoTiTioN, «f. dotation, the act of endowing, 

t& endowvieDt. 
DoTEH, va, to endow, to portion, to settle a 

woman's marrii^-pottioD. 
DouAiRE, gm. jointure, settlement, dower, the 

portion of lands insured by a husband to his 

wife, in ease the surrires him« 
DoiTAisiAiin, rf, a dowager, a widow with a 

jobtore: a title given to the widows of 

priaoea and persons of rank. La reine 

doiictrtfro, the queen dowager* 
DovAvx, tf. the ouatom-house : a duty upon 

goods. Payer la doutme, to pay the duties 

«t die coatom-honse. 
DoDJiiim, sm. a eestom-honse officer. 
DovaiAex, tm, (mar,) sheathing. Doubiagfi du 

gmmmail, the back of the rudder. 
DousLB, Mt, the double, two-fold, a duplicate, 

twice aa much: twice the number, value, 

qvantity, or length* Aa actor who plays 

the paita of a iSrst-rate player. 
DooBLB, adf, double, deeeitfid : arrant. Une 

damkk porte, a folding door. DoubU coqinin, 

•a anant rogue. Double 6t^o, strong beer. 

Vn keteme double, a deceitful man. 
DduBLaiisNT, ode, doubly, two ways. 
Dofatx, adv. Voir double, to see two objects 

where there ia but one. 
DovBLs, tf, the paunch of chewing animals. 
DouBLBR. va. to double, to contain twice as 

Bkuch : to increase: to line (a garment). 

Oeukler U fot, to mend oae*s pace. Doublet 

•a Hem, to increase one's property : (mar,) 

to sfaeadi : to double, to sail round, to pass. 
DeuRLBT, «m. a falae stone, a doublet, two 

twos (at boekgaDmion), a counterfeit. 
DofTBLorr, tm, (a Spanith coin) a doubloon, a 

Aonble. 
DorBLuar, rf, the lining of anything : the 

■abttitate of a chief player. 
DorcvAMftai, rf. (^a flower) the night-ahade. 
wciATmBt «^'« aweeCiaik, palaUble, hucioita. 
r9«it.Mtf|lyi faAlly,ialdl7»<|iiwtly: 
W 



DOU 

slowly, patiefatly. Tout daucement, middling, 
indift'erently. 
Dovcerbttb; gf. an innocent abigail. 

DoucBREux, adj. sweetish, whining : soft, 
tender. It is also used substantiYely ; as, 
Ceet tea ^douceretut, he is an affected dandy. 

DoucET, adj. and t. (a dim, of doux, applied to 
portonsonlif) demure, affectedly modest. Tant 
vdriis sembla doucet ! so demure you look ! 

DoucaTTE, tf. (hot,) corn-'sallad. 

DouctfuR, tf. sweetness, softness : mildness, 
meekness, gentleness : good-nature, lenity * 
pleasure, allurement : a douceur, a graHfi- 
eation. Douceurt, pi, sweets, pleaaures, 
amorous nonsense. Let douceurt de la toli* 
tude, the pleasures of solitude. * 

Dove as, tf. a shower-bath. 

DoucHBR, va. to administer a shower-bath. 

Dovciy , tm, brackish water. ' 

JDouciNB, tf. (arch.) wared moulding, half 
convex and half concave* 

DouBR, va, to bestow, to grant, to endow, to 
make a settlement or jointure « EUe est dou6e 
de mille bonnet quaUth, she is endowed with 
many good qualities. 

DoviLLAOB, tf. stuff or cloth badly woven. 

DoffiLLE, sf. a socket. La domlle d'uao baton" 
iMtte, iJw socket of a bayonet. 

DouiLLET, ad^.'soft, tender, nice, fond of one's 
ease. It is also substantive. Cett un douiUet, 
he^ indulges himself too much. 

DouiLLETTEMENT, adv.softly, tenderly, at ease. 

DooLxvR, tf. bodily pain : grief, affliction* 
an^sh* Sant dotdour, without paia. 

DouLouREusEMEKT, adv. paiufuUy, sogrrow- 
fuUy, grievously, sadly. 

Douloureux, adj. painful, smarting: griev-* 
ous, afflicting. 

DouTE, tm. doubt. Uncertainty, irresolution : 
apprehension, fear, 4Kispicioa : acrupLe, per- 
plexity. Rivoquer en doutOf to call into' 
question. iSatu doute, adv, without doubt, 
undoubtedly^ 

DouTER, va. to doubt, to question : to hesitate* 
to be in soapeqse : to suspect. 

DouTRR (Se), vr. to suspect, to foresee : to 
mistmst. Je at'oa juis.dout^, I have sus- 
pected as muob. 

DouTxvsxMxsT, adv. doubtfiilly, in a doubtftil 
manner, dubiously. 

DouTEux, adj. doubtful, dubious, uncertain, 
ambiguous, queationabie : suspicious. 

Dow A IN, tm, wood fit to make staves or boards 
for casks. 

DouvB, ^', stave, rib, a plank for a cask. 

Doux, a<y, sweet, pleasing to any sense : not 
salt, not sour : mild, soft, gentle : agreeable, 
pleasing. II jait bien doux, the weather is 
very mild. Eau douce, fresh water. Bagoiit 
trap doux, a ragoo that ia not salt enough. 
Doux eomme aa agneau, as quiet aa a lamb. 
Tout doux, adv. gently, softly. • 

Doux, adv. gently. Filer doui (Jam,) to be- 
come humble. 

DocKAiKB, tf, a doxen. Domt-dousaine, half 
a dosen. A la dousaine, adv, exp, of little 
value. Peintre ct la douiaine, a paltrv painter. 

DovzSf httiii4 «{/• vi^ *• tw^lre, tho figun 



DRE 

13/ the twelfth, Le douu du e&urant, the 
twelfth instant. Charles dome, Chturles the 
twelfth. Un livre in-douxe, a duodecimoc 

DouziAmb, f. a twelfth, the twelfth part. 

jyovzikun, adj. twelfth. 

Dotizi&MEUBNT, adv, in the twelfth place. 

DoxoLooiBy if. doxology, a hymn in praise of 
the Almig^hty : the last yerse of any hymn. 

Doyen, «m. a dean, senior, the elder. 

DoybnnA, tm. a deanship, a deanery, the office 
of a dean': the house of a dean. # 

Drachmb, or Dragmb, «f. a drachm or dram, 
the eighth part of an ounce. 

DRAciiBr «f. a sugar-plum, small shoe 

I>RAOEoiB, tm, a comfit-hox which used to he 
senred with the dessert. 

Draobon, <m. a shoot, a useless sucker. 

Draobonner, vn, to shoot forth suckers. 

Dragon, mu dragon, a fabulous monster, a 
kind of winged serpent : a fierce, violent 
person: a stubborn, wicked child: a spot 
xn the eye : a northern constellation t 
a dragoon, a soldier, who used to serve on 
horseback or on foot. Cettefemme est un vrai 
dragon, that ^oman is a true dragon Ta ter- 
magant). Dragon iwfemalf the devil : {mar,) 
a whirlpool, a vortex of water. 

Draoonnadb, if, a dragooning, a military ex- 
pedition against the Protestlmts in the time 
of Lewis XIV. 

Dragonhe, sf. and va. an ornament for the 
handle, of a sword. 

Draoonneau, tm, (M.) dracunculus, a sped^s 
of arum with a long stalk : (phy,) the Gui- 
nea-woim. 

Draove, f. a crooked shovel to cleanse wells, 
a drag. 

Drahatiqve, fin. drama, dramatic style or 
writing. 

Dramatique, ttdj, dramatic, dramatical, per- 
taining to the drama, theatrical. Auteur 
dramatique, a dramatic author. Scene dra- 
matique, a theatrical scene. 

Drams, am. drama, any theatrical composition, 
such as tragedy, comedy, opera, and the 
like. 

Drap, tm, cloth, woollen-doth. Drop do lit, 
a sheet (for abed). JDrap mortuaire, a pall. 

Drapeai7, tm, colours, a banner, a standard, 
an ensign : an ensigncy : a rag. Dropeaiw, 
pi. clouts. 

Draper, va, to cover or hang with cloth. Dra- 
per un earrotu, to cover a coach with moum-^ 
ing. Draper det bat, to mill stockings^ Dra- 
per une figure, to make the < drapery (of a 
ligure) : to jeer or banter. 
• Drapbrib, rf. drapery, cloth-trade, cloth, 
cloth-work: stufb of wool: {tculp. and 
paint.) drapery, the representation of the 
clothing of human figures. 

Drapibr, tm, a draper, a woollen-draper, one 
who deals in cloths. 

Drastiqub, adj, {phy,) drastic, powerful, act- 
ing with violence : efficacious. 

DRicHB, tf, malt, barlev prepared for brewing. 

Drbob, sfi a drag, a dredge, a sort of fishing 
net. 

DRiLin, Ml, tingloy the tingling gf» bell. > 
146 



DRO 

Dresser, va. to'makestraight, to raise, to setup : 
to erect, to build : to train or bring up, to in- 
' struct. Dresser un troph^e, to raise a trophy. 
DrMseruncontfYit, to draw up a contract. Uret- 
ser Un camp, to pitch a camp. Dresser des 
embuches, to lay snares. Dretter let oreHlet, to 
prick up the ears. Dresser un cheoal, • to 
break a Jiorse. Dresser un ^coUer, to instruct 
a learner. Cela fait dresser let eheoeux, that 
makes the hair stand on end. 

Dresser (Se), vr, to stand, to stand up, to rise. 

Dressoir, tm. a small side-board, a dresser (in 
the kitchen). 

Drillb, tm. formerly a soldier. Bon drills, a 

' merxy companion, a rakish fellow: fellow, 
companion. Pauvre drilli, a poor wretch. 
Vieux drille, an old rake. 

Drills, tf. old rags to make paper with : (mth 
tilvertmiths) a drill, a borer, a piercer. 

Driller, tm. (pop-) to run fast, to march away. 

Drogue, tf, arug, the general name of sub- 
stances used in medicine or in dying mate- 
rials, an ingredient: (fam.) an article of 
slow sale, or in no demand in the market : 
stuff. 

Droouer, va, to physic, to purge too much : 
to prescribe or administei' drugs or medicines : 
to adulterate. 

Drooukr (Se), vr. to take a great deal of 
physic. 

Droouerib, tf, drugs, thejeoUective name of 
all sorts of drugs : a dealing in drugs. 

Droouet, tm, drugget, a sort of wooUen stuff. 

DaoouiBR, sin. a box or cabinet with several 
partitions for drugs : a travelling medicine- 
box : a coUection of samples of (bugs. 

Droouistb, tm, a druggist, one who deals in 
' drugs : an apothecaiy. 

Droit, tm. the law, that which is right and 
just : justice, equity : right, power, autho- 
rity : claim, title, prerogative, privilege : 
jurisprudence : fee, tax, duty, excise. Doe- 
teur en droit, a doctor at law. Droit canon, 
the canon law. Faire droit a ehaeun, to give 
every one his due. Droit, divin, the divine 
law. Droit det gens, the right of nations. 
Le droit naturel, the law of nature. Droit 
civil, the civil law. Droits d*entr6e et de sortie, 
imports and exports. 

Droit, adj. straight, right : just, honest, up- 
right : perpendicular, direct : judicious : 
right opposed to M't, £tre le brat droit de 
quelqu'un, to be the right hatid of one. Le 
c6t£ droit, the right side. Jnt^ntMn droite, 
an upright intention. 

Droit, adv. straight, dir^tly, honestly. A bon 
droit, justly, deservedly. Allez tout droit, 
go straight on. Juger droit, to have a sound 
judgment. ' 

Droits, tf, the right hand. Prene% Ut droite, 
take to the right hand. La droite d*une armee, 
the right vf ing of an army. 

Droitement, adv, righteously, - rightly : 
straightly, honefttly. 

Droitvrb, if, uprightness, honesty, integrity. 
I Drnture de contr, uprightaeiif* DriiUurm 



DUI 

d*afrH, ManduMS of mind. £n dTeiiture» 
adv. directlj, straig^dj. 

Dn^Lx, jm. an impndeDt fellow, a sharper, a 
rogue, a knave, tin petit droU, a little rogue. 

Dr6l£, adj. droll, merry, odd : facetious, co- 
piical. (Jn droit de eorpt, a droll fellow. 

Da6uBMcvT, adv. drollingly, comically, face- 
tiously, in a jesting manner. 

DsAlebie, rf. a drollery, sportive tricks, huf- 
foonery, a comical story : (Jam,) a trifle, a 
thing of no value. 

Db6lesse, tf. a worthless creature, a wench. 

Drohadaire, sm. a dromedary, a species of 
camel with one buoch only on the back. 

Drovinb, rf. a tinker's budget or bag. 

DRODiarsuR, sm. a tinker, a mender of pans. 

Drv, adj. fledged : brisk, pert, lively, strong, 
healthy : {tpeakxng rfeorn) thick. 

Dru, adv. in great quantity : thick. La pluie 
tcmbait druy it rained- a great deal. Bltt 
temtM dm, thick-sowed com. 

Drdide, sm. Druid, a priest or minister of re- 
ligion, among the ancient Celtic nations of 
Gaul, Britain, and Germany. 

Drtade, sf. {myt.) dryad, a deity or a nymph 
of the woods. 

Dvt art» used instead of d$ Ig, of the, £rom the. 

D6, m. due, what is owing, duty. Je ne de- 
mande f u^ man. du, I ask no more than what 
is due to me. Le dit de ma conteianee, the 
duty gf my conscience. 

DvBiTATiF» adf. dubitable/ questionable, ex- 
pressing doubt. Propoiition duMtatiof, a ques- 
tionable proposition. 

DuBiTATiON, <f. (rhet,) dubitation, a doubt 
feigned by uie orator, to meet every objec- 
tion. 

Dvc, 4m. a duke : (or the Continent) a sovereign 
prince who possesses a duchy : (tn Great 
Britain) a title of nobility next below the 
princes: (formerly) a chief, the chief-com- 
mander of an army : (a bird) the horned-owl. 

Ducal, adf. ducal, pertaining to a duke ; as, 
Conromna dueale, a duoal coronet. 

DtfcAT, tm. a ducat, apiece of money of differ- 
ent value. 

IH7CHB, sM». a dukedom, a duchy or dntchy : the 
territory or title of a duke. 

DccnsssB, gf. duchess, the consort of a duke : 
a lady who has the sovereignty of a duchy ; 
as. La Duekeeee de Parme, the Duchess of 
I^uma. 

DucTiLx, adj. ductile, that may be drawn out 
or eztendsd by beating : maUeable, pliable, 
flexible. L'or ett U p(u$ duetiU des m^taux, 
gold is the most ductile of metals. 

Dccnurit <f- ductiHty, malleableness, flexi- 
bility. 

DvioNB, rf, a duenna, an old governess: a 

procuress. 
DvBL, tf. m duel, a single combat : the dual of 

Greek noons. 
DiTELLisTB, MS. a duolUst, B duoUor, one who 
fights in single combat: one fond of.duel- 

Kag. 
DuiBB, VN. (an old toord) to suit, to beoome, to 
iImm. Mi ne m$ duit pas, (/am*) that 
does not cnt so* 
119 



DUR 

DuLciFTER, va. to dulcify, to sweeten, to free 
from acidity, saltness or acrimony : to dul- 
corate. 

Dulcinbr, sf, (/am.) a sweetheart, a mistress. 

DuLiE, «/'. miUa, an inferior kind of worship, a 
worship of the saints. 

DuMENT, adv. duly, properly, rightly, in a 
becoming or suitable manner. 

Dune or Dunes, jf. down or downs, a^bank or . 
elevation of sand along the sea-coast : heights 
on the sea-coast. ( . 

DuNETTE, sf, (mar.) the highest part of tlie 
stem of a man of war. 

Duo, sm. duo, a duet, a duetto, a song or air 
for two voices or two instruments. 

DuPB, sf. dupe, one easily deceived, a ninny, 
a fool, a gull. 

DuPER, va. to dupe, to deceive, to impose 
upon, to trick, to mislead by imposing on 
one*s credulity. 

DupsRiB, sf, a fraud, a cheat, a trick, an im- 
position. C*ett uno duperiSf it is a down- 
right imposition. 

DuFLicATA, sm, a dopUoate, a copy, a tran- 
script. , 

DupLicATiF, adj. that doubles, that multiplies 
by two. 

Duplication, sf. (math.) duplication. Dupli- 
cation du cube, the operation by which a cube 
is doubled. 

DuPLiCATURB, sf. (anat.) duplicature, the fold 
of a membrane or vessel, a fold. 

DvplicitA, sf. duplicity, the state of what is 
double : double dealing, dissimulation, deceit. 

DupLiQUB, sf. rejoinder, an answer to a repdy. 

DuPLiQUBB, vn. (bar) to rejoin, to put in a 
rejoinder. 

DuR, adj. hard, close, firm : cruel, inhuman : 
painful, offensire : austere, severe, rigorous : 
tough, stiff, hardy : stale. Du pain dur, 
stale bread. T£u dure, a blockhead. Lit 
dur, a hard bed. Dur d*oreiUe, dull of hear- 
ing. Dur ^ la desserre, close-fisted, stingy. 
Dur i la fatipie, hardened to fatigue. GUa 
est dur, that is very hard. 

Dure, sf. the ground, the floor. Coucher sur 
la dure, to sleep on the bare floor, on a hard ' 
bed. 

DuRABLB, adj. durable, lasting : strong. Rien 
nest durable sur la terre, bothing is durable 
in this world. 

Du RACINE, sf, a sort of peach. 

DuRANT, prep, during, for, in. Durant tout 
Viti, all the summer long. 

DuBciR, va. and n. to harden, to make hard. 

DuRciR, V. n, or Sb Ditrcir, vr. to grow hard. 

DuRcissBMENT, SM. (a now word) the state of 
what is g^wn hard, hardening. 

DurAb, sf. duration, continuance , permanency 

DuREMENT, adv. hard, harshly, severely, 
cruelly, rudely. 

DuRB-MiBE, sf. (ofiat.) dura-mater. 

DuRER, vn. to last, to continue, to hold out 
to abide, to endure. Le temps me dure, time 
lies heavy upon me. 

DuRBT, adj. (jam,) somewhat hard, or tough. 
Cette voluille est vn peu durette, that fowl is a 
little tough* 



EAU 

« 

DubetA, if. hardness, finmess: cdlonfy: 
obduracy : cnieltj, inhumamtj', sarageneasi 
insensibility. 

PuRETBS, pL bard wordsy barsh langnag^e, 
cutting things; Dire de$ duretit, to say cut- 
ting things. 

BuRiLLON, «m. callosity, caUouaness, a kind of 
Swelling without pain. 

DtjRiLLONNER (Se), VT. to gprowcallous or hard. 

DuRiuscuLE, adj. a little hai>d. 

Duvet, stA, down, . tbQ fine soft feathers of 
fowls : fine hair, as tlie doWn of the chin : a 
soft hair growing on fruits^ and plants : Koft 
hair, soft wool. 

Duumvir, im. a duumvir, one of two officers, 
in ancient Rome. 

DuuMViRAT, 5m. duumvirate, theoffice or dignity 
of a duumvir in ancient R<wfie. 

Dynamiqve, «f. dynamics, the science of mov- 
ing powers. 

DvNAMOMims, <m. dynamometer, an iastrti- 
ment for measuring the strength of men and 
other animals. 

Dynaste, 51K. dynast, a petty sovereign. 

DvNASTiE, sm. dynasty, govemmont, sove- 
reignty, a succession ' of kings of the same 
race or fnmily. 

Dyscolb, adj. difficult to live with. 

Dyspxmib, gf. (pky.) dvspepsy, bad digestion, 
indigestion, or difficulty of digestion. 

Dyssbntkrie, sf, dysentery, a flux of blood 
and mucus with griping of the bowels : a 
looseness. 

Dysorie, sf. (phy.) dysury : pbstroction of 
imne» attended with pain and a sensation of 
heat. 



E. 



£, sm. the fifth letter of the alphabet, and the 
second of the vowels. 

£av, im. water, a transparent, insipid, inodo« 
reus ikuid, void of all savour or titbte : rain : 
a river, a pond, a lake, the sea : sweat : 
urine : tears : an artificial liquor : the juice 
(of some fruits) i the gl6ss or lustre (of some 
stnfiTs) : the lustre (of a diamond). Eau 
douce, fresh water. Eau de mer, salt water. 
Eau lie source, or de fentaine, spring-water. 
Etcu de puks, pump-water. Eau pan^e, toast 
and water. Eau- forte, aqua-lbrtis. Eau- 
r^gale, aqua tegaJis. Eau de savom soap 
suds* Eau de eenteur, scented water. Eau 
de la reine d*Hongrie, Hungary- WRter. Eau 
de Cologne, Cologna-water. Eau de rase, 
rose-water. Eau h^nite, holy water. £<ia 
b^nite de cow, fair words and promises (with 
no meaning). A jieur d^eaut even with the* 
water. Au hard de Veau, on tbe water-stde. 
L&eker de Veau {pep.) to urine, to make 
water. Prendre Us eaux, to drink Ch« waters, 
to. take baths (in a watering place). ( Fami- 
Ikerewpresuons) Batire Veau, to strive in vain. 
Revenir sur Veau, to coo^ above water again. 
Les eaux sont basses (applied to a.river) the 
river it shaUsfW : (Jig.) Les eaiU9 stmt basses 
^h0$ moi, I am at & low ebb, or I am short of 
cash. Packer en mu troubU^ ta iah in foi|l 
150 



EBE 

wat«r. Nager sntfv deux MniSrto trim, to be 
a trimmer.- Affaire a unt-Veaui an afiTair 
gone to wreck. Fmrevenir Veau ^ la bouehe, 
to make the month or teeth water. Faire 
venir Veau au mouUn, to bring grist to the 
mill. Mettre de Veau dans son vin, to allay 
one's passion, to abate one's pretensions. 
Tenir U bee dans Veau,^ to keep at bay, to 
drill on,- to amuse. Eire eomme le p&issien 
dans Veau, to live in clover. Porter de Veau 
a la riviere, to bring coals to Newcastle. 
C'ssr un coup d^^e dans Veau, it is a vain 
attempt. (Mar.) Vives eaux, spring-tides. 
Afortcs oitur, neap*tides. Matehtd*eaud^uce, 
a fresh-water Jack. Laneer or nuttre «n 
navire h /'eau, to launch a ship. Fak^ d£ 
Veau, to take in freah water. Voie d*eau, a 
leak. Faire eau, to leak, or to be leaky. 
Mtre en grande eau, to be in a deep sea. Les 
eaux d*un vaisseau, the wake of a ship. 
(Speaking of the westher) Le tempe est a Veau, 
ike wind is in the wet comer. Nous aurons 
de Veau, we are going to have rain. 

Eau-de-vie, sf.. brandy, a apirituous liquor* 
extracted from wine, cider, com, and, of 
late, even of potatoes. 

£Aux*BT»roRiT9, sf, pL eyTo, the jarisdiction 
over rivers and forests. Maiire des eaux-et- 
forSts, the chief justice in oyre. 

^^DAHin (S'), vr. (fam.) to wonder st, to be 
surprised or astonished. H est tout €baki de 
ce qu*H voit, he is aatoondedat what he sees. 
(It i» getting out of use.) 

EBARI8SEM-ENT, sm, surpriso, astonishment, 
amasemeat: wonder, wondering. 

EsARBBR, va. to eut ofiF the rough edge (of 
paper) : to strip quills : (with engroners) to 
scrape. 

iIbarboir, «m. (mse.) a sersper, a efaisel. 

l^BAjioui, adf* (mar.) dessioated, abounding 
with shakes or rents. 

Bbat, sm. (fam.) pleasure, pastime, sport, di- 
version^ It is only nsed in this expression ; 
Prendre ses £bats, to take one's sports. 

i^BATTBBtBNT, sm. (froR. and obs.) sport, diver- 
sion. 

ifcBATTBB (S'), vr.^(obs.) to bfrmeTTy, to make 
merry, to take one's pleasure. 

&BAUBI, adj. (Jam.) astonished, amased. Je 
suis tout ibauhi, I am quite amaaed. 

^BAucHX, sf'. a draught, a rough draught, a 
sketch, a delineation. 

I^BAUCHER, va. to Bsake the first draught -ef, to 
sketch, to rough-hew, to rough-draught, to 
delineate. 

Ebauchoir, sm. (with statnanee) aJarge ehisel 
(to rough-hew with) : (with rofM-moWs) a 
a great hatchel. 

£bavdib, va. tocheer^ toezhikrate, toenltten. 

Ebaudir (S*), t*r. to exhilarate* to beeome 
glad, to leap for jey, to give oneself qp ta an 
extravagant mirth. 

6bb or ^Ms, ef. (aidr.) ebb» reflux, ebbing 
water, low water. 

EbAne, sf. ebon or ebony, a hard and rery 
he«vy (mettly Mack) wood. TpavttUUif en 
^freiiSftowckckiaebony* NmreemmedeVHi^i 
as black as jet* 



EGA 

uivisTS, int. en ^bonist, a cabinet-maker^ 
sBLbcni, «a. todaaile, to shoot such light (»• 

splendonr as the eye cannot bear, to dase» to 

glare, to flare: to beguile, to tempt, to 

sednce, to deoeive. 
KblOuissaxt, adj, v. dausUng, flaring : tempt- 

ing, aeduoing : false, deceitful. 
SeLooiasEMEMT, «R. dassling, dimnesa. Lo' 

neige cauu de V^blouisiement atu yeuc, snow 

daaajes the ejea. 
Eborgner, imi. to put out an eye, to blind of 

one eye: toobstruet. ^bor g h tr urn ckamhref 
^ uuefenitre, to obstruct a room, a window. 
Eboufper (S*) (de rire), vr. to laugh exoes- 

BtTely, to bunt into laughter, to split one's 

ajdee with laughing. It is onlv used in the 

innnitiTew 
Ebouillib, on. to boil down, to overboil, to 

boil to rags. 
EaouLBMENT, fiB. (tpeMftg of earth or rf a 

vaU) tumbling, falling, shrinking, cruzAbHng 

down. 
&BOVUBB (S'), vr. to fall or shrink down, to 

tumble, to crumble. La terre $*ibQuU, the 
^ gnmnd is Ailling down. 
Ebovi.18, tm, rubble, rubbish, any thing cmm- 

bled down. Mhouli* de sable ^ a rubble Of sand. 
Kbouroeoxkement, im. the nipping or pruning 

of buds. 
Ebocbokonwer, va, to nip or prune the buds 

of Tinea or trees. 
EBovRirrs, adf: (said of the hur) put out of 

order, diaorderad or dishevelled by the wind. 
Ebranchbmbkt, sm. the lopping or pruning of 

trees. 
Ebbancrer, ra. to lop, to cut the branches of 
, tf«ee, to detruncate. 
£8Ra3rLBMBKT,sfi». ahaking, tottering: aahock, 

a commotion, a conensaion : a decay : fear, 

trouble, perturbation of miod. LibranU- 
^ mbemt de$ trotut, the tottering of*crowo8. 
Ebb A N lb R, va. to shake, tomoYC, to stagger, 

to shock : to disturb, to disquiet, to affright. 

Le MRt a 6brani£ eette maisoti, the wind* has 

shaken that house. 
itBRAivLBB (S*), vr. to iHore : to be frightened : 

to giro way. Let mantagnes s^tbranUnt, the 

BMNintatBa shake. L'arm£e s*£branla, the 
^ army BMTed about. 

Ebbbcber, ra. to notch, to make a gap or a 
^ notch (in a knife, a aword, and the like). 
Ebbbner, va, (pop^y to clean a child. 
KBBiLiADB, ^. (sum.) B jcik with a bridle. 
Sbroobb (S') vr. to snort, as a horse. 
EBBifiTEB, va. to diTulge, to malce public, to 

Mab c«t. Mbruiter une affatre, to divulge an 

mSur. Cette nouoeUa rest £brutt€e, that 

iiawB is blabbed out. 
iav^nn, tm. s hard wooden wedge. 
k%vt.vmomt tf. ebullition, thi* operation of 

boiling : the agitation of a li(|uor by heat, 

which throwa it in bubbles i eflervescence : 

MotdieB, pimpleB, eflloresoence. J^builitieni 

4e Mmg, « rash. 
^ACRBMENT, tm» B oiiashing, a bruise, 
ie^csBB/ BB^io criiah, to quash, to bruise. ' 
fe:ACHEUR, fBi* a gol4-beater. 
151 



BCH 

llcAiLtB, if. feale# a sh^ toaiUo dr UrhA^ 
tortoise-shell. EcailUs, pU scales, peelings, 
the flakes of metals. • 

ECAILLEMENT, fill. B COppCr-shell. 

EcAiLLER, jm.! an oyster-man or woman : h# 

EcAiLL^RElf. J 0r she wbo opens oysters. 

BcAiLLER, va. to Scale, to open (oysters) : td 

\ peel off. 

fc:AiLLBR'(S'). vr, to peel off, to scale. 

EcAiLLEux, adj, scaly, flaky. 

EcALE, sf\ the shell of nuts, of eggs, and thd 

like. EcaiUe de poist peaacod. 
EC A LBR , vd . to. shell , to take off^ tbe shell. 
EcALER (S'), vr, to lose the shell or skin: to 
^ conte off. 
EcARBouiLLER, va, (pop») to crush, to dash, to 

squash. 
Be A R LATE, sf. scsrlet, a deep red colour : aear- 

let grain, l^eint en ecarlate, of a scarlet dye. 

Manteau d*£carlate, a scarlet-cloak. 
EGA R LATIN, Ml. scBrlet cider, a kind of cider, 
EcARLATiN, adj. of R scsrlet colour. Fievr* 

tcaritttine, a scarlet-ferer. 
EcARQuiLLEMBNT, sfft; (Jam,) Spreading wide. 
EcARQuiLLER, va, (/am.) to spread wide or 
, open : to open the eyes wide. 
Eg ART, sm, stepping aside, going out of the 

way : CKOursion : digression : (at cards) tjje 

cards laid out : (in dancing) a sort of step. 
^ A l*ecart, adv, exp, out of the way, aside. 
BcARTij, sm, ecarte, a game (at canls). 
EcARTB, part, and adj. lonely. Chsmin £carti, 
^ an out of the way<Toad. 
EcARTELER, vo. to quarter, to tear in quarters. 
EcARTEMBNT, HO. putting Bsunder : the thing 

laid asflmder. 
Egarter, w, to disperse, to scatter : to drire 

away, to remove : to avert, to tnni off: to 

out cards, to discard. 
^carter (S'), vr. to go out of|he way, to lose 

one's way : to recede, to depart from. 
EccLBsi A8TE, sfii. Ecclesisstes, a canonical book 

of the Old Testament. 
EcctAsiASTiQVE, sat. an ecclesiastic, a clerg^ 

man : £cc|esiasticus, a book of the Apocrypha. 
Eccr.EsiASTiQVE, ad), ecclesiastic, ecclesiasti- 

cal, clerical, pertaining to the church. 
Eccl^siaStiquement, adv. eccleaiasticslly, 

clergyman-like. 
EcERVELi, ad^, and s. hare-brained, unsteadt, 
' a bare-brained person. Cest un ecervel^, he 

is a giddy fellow. 
&CHAFADD, sm, B Bcaffold, B Stage, a temporary 

gallery. 
EcHAPAVDAOE, $m, scsffolding : a long speech 

without meaning. 
KcHAPAUDBR, VB. to Bcsffold , to crect Bcaifolda. 
iiCHALAs, sm, a prop for a vine: a tall, thin 

persoo. 
^chxlaSsement, sib. the propping of vines. 
EcHALASSEB, va, to prop vines. 
^cHALiER, sm, a hedge or fence made with 

branches of trees. 
^ciialote, sf. (a root) a shallot, a scallion. 
kiBAUpin, va, (pahit.y to ahade, to set off. 
EcHANCREB, va. to sIopc, to cut slopittg : tQ 

hollow. 
EcuANCRURBj tf. to slope, ft boU^w c«t, « 



ECH 

feirAKi>OLS, if. a shingle to eoT«r th« roofii of 

ft house. 
^HANOE, «m« an exchange, a barter. 
EcBANOEABLBy odj. exchangeable. 
iScHAVOER, va. to exchange, to swap, to barter. 
icHANGisTB, tm» ijw,) ono who has bartered. 
^CH AHSON , tm. a cap'bearer (in a court). Grand 

6chan»on, an arch -butler. . 
JECHAXsoNNEBiEy tf, the king*s wine-eellar: 
I the body of the cup^-bearers. 
icHANTiLLOK, Sm. a'samploj a pattern, a spe- 
cimen, a chip. 
iScMANTiLLOMNBR, to take samplfis :. to compare 

a weight or measure with the standard. 
:fecHANVBBR, Ml. to hatchol, to dross flas. 
ifecHAKTBOiR, sm, B hstchel. 
^HAPPADE, tf, a mistake, a slip. 
EcHAPPATOiRE, rf. (fom,) an evasion, a shift, 

a sitbterfuge. 
icRAFrk, tm. used in these sentences. Un 

iehapp6t a horse of a mongrel breed. Un 

iehappi det petite$ maisons, a madman. 
icHAPPBE, tf. a prank, a frolic. Unt Schapp6e 

de vue, a prospect Par iehafpiet, adv, erp. 

by fits and starts. 
^fecHAPPEMENT, tm, (m«e.) a scapement or es- 
capement. • 
ifeciiAPPBB, va, to flee from and aroid, to shun, 

to avoid, to escape, to evade. L*4ehapper 

beUt, to have a narrow escape. 
icHAPpBB nx, im. to escape, to get away from : 

to slip, to dirop. 
icHAppER (S'), vr. to make one's escape, to 

steal away, to flee. 
£cHARDx, tf, a splinter, the prick of a thistle. 
EcHARDONNER, vo. to pluck Up the thistlos. 
l^HARNER, va. (tnec.) to* flesh a hi^e, to pare 

off the flesh. 
fc:HARMURE, tf. the scrapings of a hide. 
^BARpB, rf. searf, a shng for the arm. Bras 

en ^charpe, an arm in a sling: (mar,) the 

shell of a pully or block. 
]kcHARPER, va, to slash, to out to pieces. 
^HARs, a4f' ^cht.) niggardly, parsimonious : 

(mar.) ' Ventt 6chart, unsteady winds. Fieet 

icharte, a coin above the alloy. 
EciiARSEMENT, a<{j.) (obt.) pBrsimomously. 
EcHARSER, vn, (o6c.) to veer, to shift or turn 

about. 
IEcrasse, tf. (a hitd) a long-legged plover. 
l6cHA08E8, tf, pi. stilts : (fam.) Art rnont^ nir 

det £ehattet, to be long-legged. 
iiOHAUBOUL^, aey, full of pimples. 
ftcHAUBOVLUREff/'.apimple, a small red pustule. 
iEctfAvni, tm. an echode, a bun, a sort of cake. 
jfccHAUDER, va, to scsld, to bum with hot liquor. 
iScHAUDXR (S*), vr. to bum one's fingers by ill 

success, to smart. 
EcHAUDoiR, tm, a scalding house or vessel. 
^HAUFPAisoN, ff. an overheating : pimples. 
&CHAUPFANT, odj. heating. Det remidet eekauf" 

fantty heating remedies. 
icHAUFPi, part, and adj. warmed, heated. 

ttre iehauffi de vin, to be heated by wine. 
EcHAVPPEMENT, flit, hoatiug : overheating. 
icHAUFPXR, va. to warm, to calefy, to make 

warm, to chafe» to heat : to aoimat*, to vz* 

lite, to eiilivea« 
15t 



ECH 

lEcHAvrvKB, im» to grow waim, to get hot. 
EcHAUFFXB (S*), vr. to overheat oneself, to fall 

into' a pasaion, to grow angry : to fume. 

Ne vout Hhauffet pat, do not fiUl into a 

passion. 
EciiAUFFOURBE, sf. B fBsh enterprise :' B akir* 

mish. II a fait uim ^tinsTigs ichauffeurie, be 

has committed a strange blunder. 
&CHAUFFURB, tf. pimples, small red pustules. 

icHAUGUETTE, sf. B WBtch-tOWer. 

]^HiANCB, sf. expiration, the day specified for 
payment. 

Iecrbc, tm, a check, a loss, a fiital blow, a mis- 
fortune. Tenir en iekee, to keep in respect, 
to restrain. 

ECHBCS, tm. pi, (a weU-hiown gamie) chess : 
chessmen. Jouer aux ^cheet, to play at chess. 
£ehee 'et mat (at eheu) checlonate. 

^HELETTB, tf. B little ladder. 

l^CRBLiER, tm, a peg-ladder. 

EcHELLE, tf. a ladder, a scale : a sea-port or 
trading town ^(in the Levant). 

iscHELOv, tm. the rundle, the step of a ladder. 

ECRSNAL, ^RBKEAV, Or &CHBMET, SBI. B WOOd- 

en gutter. 

&CHENILLER, va. to clearfrom caterpillars. 

fernxvEAv, tm, a skain or skein : a knot of silk 

^ or thread. 

EchevblA, adj. dishevelled, flowing in disor- 
der. EUe ^tait ieheoeUe, she wbb dishe- 
velled. 

£cHEviN, tm. a sheriff, foraierly a magistrate 
in the principal cities of France. 

fc;HEviNAOB, tm. a sheriff's place or office.' 

^Hip, adj. (ven*) greedy, voracious. 

^HiFFRE. tm. (arck.) the partition wall of a 
staircase. 

fe:HiNE, tf, the chine, the spine or back bone. 
Une longue ^chine, a long back : (ard^.) a 
part of a column's capital. 

fecHiNis, tf. a chine of pork. 

EcBiifBR, va. to break die back-bone : to beat, 
to maul to death. 

&BIQUETB, act;, (b^*) checquered. 

&CAXQUIER, tm. a draught or e^ess-board : the 
exchequer. La cour de V^chiquierf the Court 
of Exchequer. Le ChaneeUer de V^ehiqvMt, 
the Chancellor of the Exchequer. 

"kcBO, tm. an echo, the repercussion of sound : 
the sound returned :" the place that retams 
the sound. Let iehot d'alentour, the sur- 
roundiog echoes. £tre l*£eho d'un antre, to 
repeat what another says : a kind of verse. 
Vert en £cho, an echoing verse : (mfth.) 
echo, a nymph, the daughter of the Air and 
TelluB. 

fejHoiR, vn. to expire, to come to an-end, to be 
out, to lapse, to devolve : to chance, to fiill, 
to befall, to happen. Votre hiUet ^dtoit de* 
mxan, your biU wiU expire to-morrow. Si 
U eaty £ehoU, if there be oooasion ibr it« 

icnoppB, tf a stall : (with engravers) a round 
or flat grarer. 

EcHouA, part, and adj. run aground, stranded. 
Un dettein ieh€u£, a design -that has mis- 
carried. 

£cHovxMBKT, sM. (woT^) the nnuuBg agvannd 
er stranding. 



ECL 

icBOuiB, M. (mmrJ) to ran agroimd (a ship), to 
^ >tmMi» to shipwreck. 

EcAocBB, vii« to run tground, to be Btnnded : 
'to &il in n enterprise, to be disappointed. 

BcBousB (S'), or. to ninagroimd intentionslly* 
AVmu preftrAmes nmu £chouer ptutot qu§ de 
HAW ntidrt, we preferred ruoning the ship 
agnniDd rather than siureiider. 

£cau, ftmrt. ot^ehmrt expired, deTolved. Mon 

^ ^7 at 6eku, mj lease is expired. 

£ciiLEm, ea. (jagr.) to cat the top of a tree. 

EcLiBovssBB, va. to splash, to bespatter, to 
dsfh, to diabble. Cittt ckamtte m*a Umt 

, tclabtnuU, that cart has splashed me all OTer. 

EcLAaousavns, «f. a splash (of diit or water): 
■n evil shared with another. 11 en a des 
^clahmtauru, he has His share of it. 

EcLAia, «■!• Ugbtnin^, a flaah of lightning. II 

, fait dt$ 6eUnn, it bghtens. 

CCLAIE4CS, tm* the lighting of the streets, of a 
plaj-honse, and the like : the money paid 

, forit. 

EcLii Bcix,^. (fliar.) a dear spotin a dond j sky. 

£cLAiaxn, va. to clear, to brighten : to thin, 
to clarify : to clear np, to resoWe, to diluci- 
datei to illustrate, to explain. "Edaireir la 
W€, la voix, U t$int, to clear the sight, the 
Tdce, to brighten the oomplexi<m. Eclaircir 
«i» dmte, unt qtuttion, vm difficult^, to re- 
•olTe a doabt, a question, to clear up a 
difficulty. 

£cLAiBcin (S*), vr, to clear up, to grow bright 
«r dear. Ls ttmpi t*£claircit, the weather is 

, clearing up. 

KcLAiBcissBjsxwT, SIR. s doariug, a making 
dear-: an explanation, a dilucidation, an 
iUustration : an insight, a hint: an expos- 
tulation, a calling to an account. En venir i 
tiii^iatrda0»Mia,tocainetoanunderstandiing. 

ScLAiax, rf» (« wudicinai pUuuy celandine, tet- 

; terwort. 

EcLAiai, port, and d4;« lighted : perspicadous, 
well-informed. Cabinst bien iclairit a well- 
lighted closet or study. Un hamtM tret 

, Mmir^, a weU-anfoimed man. 

Eci AiBsa, «a. to light, to give light to, to enlight 
9r enlighten. La lunt nous ^elain, the moon 

, shines upon us. 

ScLAiBXB, vMrn to light, to givo light : to shine, 
to spari^le, to gUtter. Eciairex a montUur, 
'li^t the gentleman. Le toUil £claire, the. 
>UB shiaoB. 

EcijiiBBB (S*), vr. to get information : to ob- 
Mfre. S*^eiairer par la /sciurs, to get in- 
stiuction from resding. 

tcLAiBBB, imp* v. to lighten. II ^claire, it 
lightens. 

BCLAiBBUBj s». (ewi.) B soldier sent on dis- 
covery. 

VLAMB, «(7*. (tptaking nfa bird) lame, or that 
hss a wing broken. 

ACLAMcna, rf, a leg of mutton : (^little used) 
lather say g^. 

atiAT, MB. a shiver, a splinter : brightness, 
laatra, briUiaiiCT : splendour, magnificence : 
a dap, an explosion. £clat dt rire, a fit of 
laagktar. Un itlatM bombe, the Bursting 
cC a bomb. Vielai du ioUU, the bzightness. 
153 



ECO 

of thA aim. Jiebu do Unmort, a thuadeitlap. 

EcLATANT, a<{;. bright, shining, sparkling, 
glittering, radiant, daaaling, effulgent, re- 
splendent : brilliant, famous, signal, eminent, 
glorious. Lumiere ^clatanU, a glaring light. 
Melatant de Iwniere, radiant. MMU ^clatant^ 
gloire telatante, shining merit, eminent glory. 
Voix £elatante, a loud voice. 

EcLATEB, iTft. to spUt, to burst, to shiver : to 
clap, to make a great noise: to shine, to 
sparkle, to glitter : to blaze out : to breakout, 
to appear. £clater en vyuree, en reproehet, 
to burst forth into abuse, into reproaches. 
Eclater de rire, to burst into laughter. Le 
tonnerre a tclatis, the thunder has burst forth. 
Sa gloire ^cUuef his or her glory is shining. 

Eclipse, if. an eclipse, an obsouracion of the 
light of the sun, the moon or other luminous 

, body : obscurity, darkness. 

EcLipsEB, va, to eclipse, to intercept the rays 
of a luminous body, to obscure, to cloud, to 
darken: to surpass, to drown. ComeiUe 
Mipta tee rivaux, ComeiUe surpassed his 
rivals. 

^CLiPsBB (S*), vr. to be eclipsed, to be sur- 
passed : to steal away, to disappear. Le 
ioleil eUcliptOy there was an eclipse of the 
sun, or the sun disappeared all at once. 

EcLiPTiQCB, <f. the ecliptic, (»ie of the great 
circles of the sphere. 

BcLissE, ef,' a splint (for a broken bone) : a 
cheese hurdle. 

&:ii8SEB, va. (eHr.) to splint, to secure by 
splints. 

EcLOppi, ad;, lame, limping. EUa ett torn 
e€loppte,'ahe is quite lame. 

£cLOBE, mi. to be hatched, to bloiv, to open : 
to come to light. 

£cLos, part, of iclore, hatched. 

EcLusB, ^. a sluice, a dam, a wear,' a lock, a 
floodgate. 

fciLusix, of. a duiceful of water. 

EcLusiBB, «m. a sluice* keeper. 

ACOFBAi, or feroPKoi, em. a cutting-board. 

^olXtbb, tm. a doctor, a teacher. 

EcoLB, sf. a school : a place for education, an 
academy : a college : the school-time. Moitre 
d^eeole, a school-DSster. Camarade d^icoU, 
a achool-feUow. AcoU d*enteignemont mutuol, 
a Lancastrian school. Alter d lUcole, to go 
to school. 

&COL1BU, a school-boy, a pupil : a scholar, a 
novice. 

fecoLi&BE, if. a femde scholar or pupil. 

&;oLLETBB, va. to cut out, to round off. 

^oNDtJiBE, va. to deny, to refuse, to put or 
shift off. 11 Va iconduit not, he has given 
him a flat refusal. 

]&coNOMAT, tm. stewardship. 

^coNOMB, tm, an economist, a house-keeper, 
one who manages domestic concerns; a 
steward, a manager. 

icovoMEr odj. saving, frugd, not wasteful or 
extravagant. 

Ieconomie, tf. economy, the management of a 
family or the conceins of a household : frn« 
gality : management of public affidrs : dis- 
position of the a&irs of a state or nation : 



ECO 

{lOftitloh n tfMAgemeiit of Any woiV* tbd' 

iMMfB politt^i^, nefYi<«« domMli^tf, politkal, 

>iif«l» domesti^^ eeonomy. V€cmomt £un 

poimt, the e«oiiomr of n po^m. 
fejonoiii^tuBj «£[/. economic, ooonomical, regu* 

lated hf-^eonomj. 
icoNOMiQvEMENT, odv, economicallj, with 

eooflotty, with fru^ity. 
BctfNnMiskiiy vat to eootioiDize, to maAa^o with 

•oonofiB^r; to use with prodence, to expend 

with ihigalf ty. 
icotiOJiiBtEi sm, &n econoBiist, one who writes 

on political «eOnoinj. 
l^of fii tf» a sdoop, a kind of large ladle. 
BGo^sncRt» «f. a sort of crane: 
iscditcBy if, bark, rind, peel ; outside, outward 
^ flhow, apfpearanee. 
BcoRCER, va. to rind, to peel, to take off the 

bark or rind* 
icoKCRC*, «a. to flay, to skin, to etset npon : 

to gall, iieoreher iBt oniUes^ to grate the ears. 

£toreket ttft« hn^ue, to murder a language. 
ifecoRCHER (S'), vr, to tear one's skin off. 
jfecoritHBRiB, jf*. a place where animals are 

skinned t an inn where thfy charge verr high. 
]fecoBeirBUR, tmi a flayer : an exactor, an ex- 
tortioner. 
icoRCHORB, if. excoriation: the part skinned 

off. 
icoRB, tf, (nutr.) ti ste^p shore :• a precipice 

by the sea or a river side. It is also adjec- 

tii^e. CMe Score; a tttep e<mat&r ^ore. 
£C0RNBR, va, to break the horns or corners off: 

to iMpair, to cnrtAiT, to lessen,' to pare off. 
&:oRNiFLER, va» td spunge, to shark, to try to 
, H^e M die expense of others. 
EcoRTfiPLBRiE, sf. spongiug, living at' other 

people's expense. 
i/GonvitistirR, tm* a sptmger^ a pftnuiite. 
iScoRNUBB, *f. a splinter from the Comer of a 

stone, .a piece of marble, and the like. 
iccossBR, va, to shell, to take out of the shell, 

to decorticate, to peel. Pott icoiUs, shelled 

peas. 

iScOT, tin, the bill, the reckoning of one's ex- 
penses ftt an inn or coffee-house : k Clqb : 
eterf one'ff shate of a reckoning. Ftsjfsr ton 
6cot, to contribute one*s share. Chaean ton 
«0»t, every one his shxie, 

ifccouaNE, sf, {with mintort) a planchet-file. 

iScovANBR) iMi. to file off the planchets, to bring 
gold and silver coin to the stnndard. 

iScdvBit, vA, to dock, to curtail, to cut off the 
tRil (ef an avdmal). 

EcouFPE or ^ouPFLB, <m. (a Hrd) a kite, a 
puttock. 

EcoiTt.BWB«T, tm: V running or flowing : a 
draining: an ilMpse, a flow, an emanation, 
an efflux, an issue. 

ica^iBR, en. or -$'i^c<>uT.BW, or. to mn or flow 
out, to flow from one place into anotiter : to 
elide, to sl^ or glide away , to go by : tb la|Me, 
to eMl fliwat. Fatre Htmlitr l'«<nr, to drsin. 
Laimtr €MtUf U fimh; ie let Ih^ ore#d dis- 
MM«f lSi9mf^9*4^oitk, Me gli4e»«frB(r. 
id4 



ecft 

icet^fft, iit itbvri*, i mop, ft k^rtfb. 
EcouRGEOK, tm, barley sown in mitumn. 
ifaooeatBR, wi. to crop* to cut abort. Eetnttter 

fin ehien, ttHtcAemi/, to crop a dog or a hdrse. 
fccouTANT, adj, hearing, listening, attending; 
&COUTE, <f. a comer for listening. Mtte aux 
' 6coktet, to be listening, to be upon the watch. 
EcouTE, tf, (mar.) the sheet of a sail. 
BcouTBR, «B. to hear, to perceive by the eer, 

to hearken, to Hstoil, to attend, to mind : to 

obey, to follow. On vovt ^totUOi yon are 

overheard. 
EcouTBR (8'), vr. to Apeak M^ly and with 

affectation to take great care of oneself. 
EcouTEUR, (fam,) a listener, he who listens. 
ficotfrtLLR, tf. (mat,) the hatchway. 
EcouvETTE, tf, a small broom, a brash. 
^ouviLi.ON, tm, a malking, a drag, a mop. 
BcouviLLONNER, cn. to swecp With a matkin or 

drag Jic^villonner tm eanont to spunge a 

cannon. 
KORAN, tm, a fire-screen. 
^cHANciiER, ta. to take the creases out of a 

stuff. 
6cRA9ER, va, to crash in pieces, to qtrash : to 

undo, to destroy, to rain. 
^rIh BR, ta. to 'take off the cream, to sftim 

(milk), ^crimer un livre, to take the best 

part of a book. 
^RiMoiRE, tf. a scraper, a tool to scrApe 

tilings together. 
EcRBvrjtsR, tf. crawfish, a lobster : (ait.) Can- 
cer, on^ofthe twelve i^gnsof the Zodiac. 
EcRiER (S'), 1/T. to cry out, to exclaim; S*Strier 

dejirie» d* admiration, to cry out With joy, 

with admiration. 
ECRIM.B, tf, a gnrte placed af the end df a fish- 
pond (to present the fish from going out). 
icRiN, $fii. a jewel-box, a casket. 
&CRIRE, tYi. to write : to comipose : to spell. 

Papier tt ^erire, writing-paper. Comment 

t^^erit ee mot 1 how is that word* Spelt 1 
fecRiT, sm, a writing, a written, or printed 

paper: a promise in Writing: a work, a 

composition, a pamphlet. JScrtfs, fd. the 

W6rks of an author. Mettre par e^rit, to 

write down. 
IEcriteau, tm, a bill, a table : a direction. 
^caiTOTRB, sf. an ink-horn, a staiid-dish. 
EcRiTURE, <^. a hand, a hand -Writing : popers. 

Manvaise itritvirOy a scrawl; L'ieritvre 

Sainte, or let ^criturett the Serifture, the 

Holy Srtipfures, the Bible. 
EcRXVAiiLBRiB, sf, scxibbling. 
ikcRivAiN, tm, a writer, an auth<Sr i a copyist, a 

scribe. Vn maitre 6erivain or un Sfritain, a 

writing-master. 
ftcRivAssiER, or)fecRiVAiLLEVR,M>. ascribbler^: 

(fam,) a bad author. 
&CROC, tm, the nut, hbHor^fitm (of a screw) : 

an entry in a jailer's book: the jailer's 

book. 
IBcRQiiBLtES, sf. (a dittemper) the evil, the 

king's evil, the scfofuM: 
lk;RotrBlixfl,'&«(f. and «. onei^ho has thefliero- 

'fala, scroftilonA. 
#cRot?iiir, ea.-to enter n eotomitnimit ift the 

jtikr'abeok^ 



EDI 

icftooiB, M. (ohtrtei mMi! by^Mld-toMttegf it. 
£cB0i7i9SEMENT» im. the Act of iMUtlftniji^ metal 

EcHouLKXBNT, sm. falling, tumbling dewn. 

jlcaouirBB, vn, tQ ahake down. 

EcBouLEB (S'), vr. to fall or tumble doim : to 
palish. 

EcBodTEB, i?a« to cut off the oni8t» toebi|>. 

JBcBV, adj. {applied to $Hk, wool or thread) raw : 

. nererwaahod or bleached. 

Bcf ABCOMB or sABcoME, M». {ekir.) aarcoma, a 

^ fleshy excieaeance or himp. 

icv» m. a shield, a bnokler, : an escutcheon : 
fonneriy a ¥iaach crown or half-a-crown 
piece. MiUo ^cui, three thousand franca. 

BcvBiBB or BcuBAN, MM. (ffiar.) a. hawse-hole, 
hawses. 

JSctaiL, flw. a rock, a sandbank : a atnmbling- 
black, an obataela. 

icuELLB, sf, a porringer, a basin. 

^cvBLLBB, tf. a porringerful. 

BcuLBB, tMi. to tread down at the heels. 

KcvLBB (8'), vr. to run down at the heels. 

iScvMAVT,adj. foaAung, frothing. 

EcnMB, rf* froth, foam, aomn, lirthar : dross. 

■cumAmiqvb, adj. ecumenical, generat. 

BccMBB, va. to skim, to scum, to take bj skim- 
ming, ieumer Ib pof , or ia iiMirmittf, to skim 
lhepot« 

^uif BE, int. to lbam» to froth, to aponge. 

ScoHBvn, am. a skimmer, one who skims. 
i^cMMur de marmtt«» a spunger. J^tHmeur 
dt mer, a pirate. Ecumeur da ncuvoM, a 

, aewsmoager. 

EcoMBvx, idj, frvdiy, foany, nappy. Bimehe 

, ^twHoum, a foaming mouth. 

EcDMoiBK, rf. a skimmer, a shallow vessel to 
take off the scum. 

EcvBBR, va. to scour, to remore bj nibbing, to 
deanae. 

KccBEuiLy sm. a aquirrel, a email quadrai>ed 
that liTea in wooda. 

ScoBEva, sm, a nightman, a scourer^ 

BcuBBusB, tf, a aoourer : a charwoman. 

EcvssoN, sm. a seutcheoa, an eaouteheon, a 
shield 9 (agr.) a graft cut in the fozm of a 
, icutcheon. 

BcvssowwB»# «a. (ffgr.) to scutcheon, to graft 
in the fairm. of a aentebeon, to ingraft. 

Icassoifiieiii, sm, a grafting-knife. 

KcoTBB, ssi. a aqtiira, an eaquh-e* a maater of 
the hone : an equerrj, a riding-msiBter : an 
attendant. Un hon A^uptt a good rider. \Jn 
itmaar trmmkaat, a carrer (in a'court). 

KoBuri, «4f« edentatod, tootklesa. ' Vieille 
^demUa, (a iarm of eontsmpt) a naaty old wo- 

BoBVTSBy iMfcto bmak artear out the teeth' of a 

* saw or a comb. 

fDtfiawTfMlf • adiiyingyinatfiiatiag, etxemplarf . 

BawiaaTtov, sf. edification, a building up in a 
moral and raligioua senao. 

XnneBy sm. in edifioay a baildtng^ a atruoture, 
a canatraetioBy a €ibrio4 It fs neatly ap- 
plied to tenploir chttvehes, or elegant man- 



iMais>« atk to buildf ta ooMtMot,- to eraet (a 
k>: l0«difr»l»giTeMieanBmles. 
id5 



EFF 

&mi.«i sm* an edUo, one of th« eUef ttlftia* 
tratea among the andent Romans. 

BoxLiTB, ^« edilsship, the eiloa of an edile. 

£dit, sm, an edict, that which ia pMelainmd bj 
authority, a proclamation, an ordinance, a 
decree.^ 

£ditbur, snu an editor, a pnblishpr, the per- 
son who prepares a book for publieation. 

Bdition, sf'.eik edition,' an impreasion, the pub- 
Ucation or republication of any bookarwriting. 

Edbbdow, stn* aider-down, the down or soft 
feathers of the eider-duck. 

isovcATioN, sf» education, the bringing vip, as 
of a child, instruction, formation of maaners. 
We alao apply the word to antmalt andf^titt, 
as : Vidxication des abeillss, das pUtntas, the 

- rearing up of bees, or of -pkiita. 

BouLco RATION, Mh, odulooration, aw e ete n ing. 

feouLcoRER, va. to edulcorate, to purify, to 
sweeten. 

&OUQVER, va, (pop.) to educate, to bring up, 
• 88 a child, to inatruct^ 

Efavfiler, va. to reeye out, to entwist. 
JifaufiUrun ni6aii, to reeye out a riband. 

EFPA9ABLB, adj, that may be effaced, blotted 
out, or wiped off. 

Bffacer, m. to efface, to destroy the surface 
of any thing written or painted, to defect, to 
blot, strike, or scratch out, to o ia oc < to obli- 
terate, to expunge r to disfigure, to dash oaf, 
to croaat to destroy : to surpass, to excel. 
Effaeor le$ lettresd'un monumoHtf toeffiMHl the 
letteis on a monument. Ejfaear las id^et, to 
efface ideas or thou^kta. Effaeor sot rivaux, 
to eclipae one'a rtyals. 

Effacvbb, sf, a blot, a blotting ovt, a caosa, a 
dash (through a writing), an eraaementk 

£ppAREa, va, to affright so as to look wild, to 
acare. Un air effar^, a wild loc^. 

Effabbr (S'), vr, to be scared, to ledk wild. 

Effarovcher, va. to startle, to acare, to tearify : 
to fright, to fright away : to set againat, to 
disgust. £faro«dk«f la gibUr, to fright 
away the game. 

ErFECTiF, adf, effective, effectual, realf aotndi. 
Cent 6evu effeetift, one hundred crewaa in 
specie. 

EpFxenvEitBTiT, ado. effecttyely, with effect : 
really, actually, indeed. 

Efvectuer, va.'to effectuate, to effaot, te bring 
to pass, to perfermy to p«t in ezecvtioay to 
achieve, to accomplish, to fulfil. 

J&FvfiMiNBB, en. to effeminate, to vitiate by ud- 
manly softeesa^ to enervaite, to weaiNM, to 
make Womanish , to umnan. L'indoienea effi- 
tnmo le terp$, indolence effeminatea the body. 

Effebviscencb, tf. effervescence, ebullition. 

Etfet, «tt. hffect, t^ result of a cause, c<mse- 
qfuence, executioa, perftomanoe : appearance, 
illusion. Faite of et, to operate. Prodmre do 
k^effet, tomake an impreaaion : (com.) « note, 
a bill, a deed. Adv, exp, Potsr eat tffs^j ta 
Aat end, therefore. £n efftft, in Ihct. A 
f«ai effttt to what purpeae? A Veffee de, 
prep, HI order to, to thtf end that. 

Effbts, im. pitf effeete, goode» mo waabl e a « cash, 
bUU. EffeUfuHies, acooksy goyenanaAl 8«<* 
enitied* 



EPF 

£vFBuii.LAi80W, sf. {gord,) tbefiiUof thelMTei. 

Efpbuillsr, va, or o'Evfeviller, vr, to pull 
&r strip off leares : to loqe the learet (spMk- 
ing of trees).' 

ErpicACB, gdj, eilicaoioiiBf effectval. piodnct^Te 
of effects: powerful. Remideefficaee,tJie1&'' 
caoioas remedy. 

Eppicacbmevt, adv. effictcionsl^i effectuiUj. 

Eppicacitb, sf, efficacy, power to produce ef- 
fects, strength, force', Turtne, power. L's^- 
caeilt d$ la priere, the efficacy of prayer. 

EFrxcxBNT, adj. efficient, causing effects, pro- 
ducing. Une eatuetffieituUt an efficient cause. 

Effigib, if. effigy, t^e image or likeness of a 
person, representation: resemblance, like- 
ness, figure ^in painting or sculpture) : (in 
cotfu) the print or impression (of the head). 
BruUr, fiendre en effigUt to hum or hang in 

effigy. 

Epfigier, va,(Uttl$ lusd) to execute a criminal 
in effigy. 

Efpilb, fm.. fringe, fringed Unea, a kind of 
trinmiag. . 

EppiiJ, tulj. slender, thin, unwoven. Jl est 
grand et effil^, he is tall and slender. Une 
taille efiUe, a slender shape. 

EFF1I.ER, va, to ravel, to unweave : to taper. 
£^(#f de ki toile, to unweave linen cloth. 
i^Ur let eheveux, to taper out the hair. 

Efflakqu^r, t». to emaciate, to make lean, or 
thin flanked. Une grande efianqu£e, a tall 
and worn-out woman. 

Efplburbr, va, to grase, to rub or touch light- 
ly.: to skim: to glanee upon, to run over 
lightly. La baUe m*a effieari la poau, the hall 
has grased my i&in. Effieurer un n^et, to 
glance at a subject. 

Epflobescbkcb, sf, efflorescence : (cfrom.) a 
kind of mouldiness at the surfiice of metal^ : 
(p^.) a redness of the skin, eruptions : the 
season of flowering. 

Effloter, va. (auir.) to part company. 

Effondbment, «m. the turning up the ground 
and manuring it. 

Effondbr, va. to dig, to turn up the gprouad and 
mix manare with It : to break open: to draw 
(a fowl) : to clean (a ^sh). 

Epfom DRiLLB8,«fa. pi. Sediment, drogs, grounds, 
settlement. 

ErFoacBR (S'),vr. to en^Mvour, to exert one's 
power or strengtli : to try, to attempt : to 
strive, to labour. 

Effort, m. an effort, an exertion of strength, 
aa endeavour^ a straining, a strain, a struggle. 

EppaACTxoN, «f. a fraction, the act of breaking, 
a rapture. Vol a»ee efraetion, burglary. 

EFpaAYAKT, 0(0*. frightful, dreadful, tremen- 
dous: grim, horrible, hideous. Catastrophe 
egraymniet a dreadful catastrophe. Une €f- 
frayante pensie, a dreadful thought. 

EpFaAYBB, va. to fright, to frighten, to put in 
fear, to scare, to terrify, to fnj, 

EFFRATBa (S*), vr. to be fri^tened, to startle, 
to scare. Do^uot vout^froyos-vousl what are 
you frightened atl Fines vome efrayes de peu 
de chote, a little thing will fngfaten you. 

ErFaiMB, »^'. unbridled: unmanageable, with- 
out restraint, ungoreniaUe, mnily : immo* 
156 



EGA 

derate, loose, licentions. i Une asiftttton #f- 
frenie, an unbounded ambitioa. 

Epfroi, im. fright, afiight, dread, terror, gre^t 
fesr, consternation. 

Effronte, adj, impudent, brazen-faced, bold, 
shameless. It is also used substaotively. 
C*est un effronte, be is an impudent fellow. 
Une petite effront£e, a bold liitie giri. 

Effrontement, adv. impudently, with'abrasen 
face, boldly, shamelessly, saucily. 

Effromterie, sf. ettrontery, impudence, shame- 
less boldness, assurance, sauciness. 

Effroyablf., <u{;. frightAil, horrid, hideous^ 

dreadful, horrible : astonishing, wonderful, 

extraordinary : excessively ugly* Scene ^'- 

froyable, a dreadful scene. Figure effroyable, 

a frightful face. , 

EpFROYABLBMENT, adv. frightfully, dreadfully, 
horribly : extremely, prodigiously, wonder- 
fully, terribly. 

Effusion, sf. effusion, the act of pouring, a 
ahedding or spiUing. Effusion de iang, a 
shedding of blood. Effusion de eSBur, a dis- 
closing of one's heart. 

Effocbcbau, sm. a truck, a large two- wheeled 
cart to transport heavy burdens. It iis also 
called diabU. 

EoAL, at^. and «. equal, alike in nature, qnai^- 
tity or quality, adequate : Uke, resembling : 
even, level, uniform, not variable : indiffer- 
ent. Deux points 6gaux, two equal points. 
Cela mVf e igal, it is all one, or it ia aU the 
sfime to me. 

KoaL, fm.l equal, match, fellow, peer. DVgoi 

BcALE,<f.j a t^al, between equals. Sans 
^gal, peeriess, incomparable. A Vigal de, 
prep, as much as, like. 

^ ALEMENT, odv. equally, alike, uniformly, im- 
partially. 

^ALER, va. to equal, to make equal or even, 
to level : to be equal to, to come up to : to 
match, to reach : to compare, to put in com- 
petition with. 

6galxr (S'), vr. to equal oneself, to compare 
oneself to, to enter into competition with. 

£0 A LEO R8, sm. pi. thele vellers under Charles I., 
King of England. 

&OALI8AT10V, sf. (JwT.) equalisation, the act of 
equalising : the state of being equalised. 

ilOALisBR, va. O'tt^.) to equalize, to make equal. 
£gaUser les lots, to make shares equal : to le- 
vel, to make even, ^galiser un terrein, to 
make a pieoe of ground even. 

isjA-Lirk, sf. equaUty, a conformity of dimen- 
sions, quantity or quality : parity, likeness : 
evenness, uniformity. £gatit£ d*Ame, equa- 
niadty. ^aliti de caraetere, evenness of 
temper. £galit6 de eonditions, equality of 
conditions. 

itoARB, sm. regard, particularattention to : re- 
spect, consideration, account. Avoir Sgard 
aux cireonstances, to Uke circumstances into 
consideration. ',&ar«b» pi. deference, regard^, 
respect. II a eu beaueoup d*igards pour lui, 
he has paid him great re^MCt. A Vtgard de, 
wep. with respect to. Im igard d, consider- 
ing, in consideration of. A sen igard, for hia 
or bar aakt. Aut igerd^ in tl^ respects 



EGO 

«Ami, «pai^t. tf ioABsSf tlnyed^ wandeting 
out of the way, misled, miagoided : raviag. 
Do 3Feias igar^*, wild looks, ilvoir i*6q»rit 
^r^, to be oat of one's senses. 
ioAKBMBNT, Ml. E stnjing ar going out of the 
wmj nit<^ tu«(i in tfcu »enu) : . a wandering : 
disoraer, misconduct, ill behsTiour: error, 
mistake. Lei ^geireminU d$ la jeunMm, the 
errors of youth, igflrtment d*esprit, aliena- 
tion of mind, insanity, 
fco ARBR, va. to mislead, to lead out of the way, 
to lead astray, to lead or guide into error, to 
canse to mistake : to mislay, to lay in a place 
not recollected, to lose. La mauvaise com' 
fagmo Va (gari, had company has led him 
astzay. igetrer la raiton, laprit, to disorder 
one*s reason, mind, or senses. £gar§r det pa- 
pitrt, to mialay papers. 
£cARKa (S'), vr. to go out of the way, to lose 
one's way, to go astray, to wander, to stray : 
to xaTO. Ma raiaon tigara^ I lost my senses. 
lAaXkewMMx que je nut, je m*6gart! wretch 
that I am, I am raving! 
^AYBB, va, to cheer, to cheer up, to make 
cheerful or merry, to enliyen, to exhilarate, 
to make glad or jojonB, to gladden, to rejoice, 
to divert. £gayer la compagme, to amuse the 
company. 
&>AYBB (S'), vr. to make oneself cheerful or 
merry, to divert oneself. MgayeX'Vous vn pou , 
cheer up your spirits a little. 
^iDB, if. pi* aegis, a shield or defensive ar- 
mour. 
icLAKTiEB^MR. tho di^ose-treo, the sweet- 

hriar. 
Ieolantinb, ff. the dogrose, the wild rose. 
^i.isB, <f. a church, a house consecrated to the 
worship of God, the Lord's house : a Chris- 
tiaii temple : a parish, a chapel : the collec- 
tive body of Christians : the body of clergy. 
L'^glim oathoUque, the Catholic or universal 
church. L*£gUU Anglicane, th^ church of 
England. Viglue GallicanSt the Gallican 
church. Viglm RonuunMt the Roman church . 
L'egiue Grecque, the Greek church. Un 
homatu d'^^liu, a churchman. * 

£olooi/e, {^. an eclogue, a pastoral poem« 
ioOHLUB, tf. a kind of handsaw. 
iooiSBB, va. {little wed) to egotiie, to talk or 

• write much of oneself : to praise oneself. 
£coi«mb', em. egotism, a speaking or writing 
much of oneself, self-praise, self-sulfieienoy, 
aelf-reeommendation : selfishnesB. 
EcoisTB, s. an egotist, one who lipedcs much of 

himself, one who commends hmiself. 
6coBOBB, m. to cut the throat of, to slaughter, 
to murder, to kill: to ruin, itgorgerunbecuf, 
to slaughter an oz« 
BOOSXLI.EB (S*), vr. to make Okie's throat sore, 

with cryiog out, squalUng, or bawling. 
JEoovTy Ml. a sink, a drain, a common sewer. 
&GOUTTBB, fw. to dralu, to make dry. EgnMer 
dee terrte, to make the water of low ground 
drain o£ 
Bt^oDTTBB, va. to fall drop by drop* to flow off 

gnldaally. 
ioooTTBB (S*), vr. to get dry, to sweat. 
BoooTioiBiffi* a plate-ftck, a dniiier. 
157 



ELA 

Ibobavpbb, va. to pick off the giapM £rau thd 

bunch. 
&OBATIONBR, vo. to scratch, to tear with the 

nails, to daw. 
Iborationurb, ^. a scratch, a slight wound. 
Icgrbner or feoRAiHBR, va. to take out the 

groin, to shake out the seed. 
lioRENER (S'), vr. to shed the gprains or seeds. 
J^rillard, a((;. ands. sprightly, gay, lively, 
pert : wanton. C'est une fgrillarde, she is a 
sprightly lass. 
jfeoRiLLoiR, Ml. a grate (to.prevent fish from 

going out of a pond or river). 
:feo|tisAB, <f. (lap J) diaaiond dust. 
60RI8BR, va.{lap,) to rub two diamonds against 

each other in order to cut them. 
&ORI80IB, Ml. (iap.) the box used by lapidaries 

to grind diamonds. 
6grugeoir, mi. a wooden mortar (to pestle 

salt or other materials). 
6gbuobr, va. to pestle, to grind with a pestle, 

to pound, to bruise. 
:feoRuo£URB, {/• the small parts separated by 

poimding: rasping, gratuo^:. 
EouBULBB, va. to break the gullet or neck of 

a pot or of any glass- vessel. 
fccuBULEa (S') (de crier), vr. to bawl out so as 

to make one's throat sore. 
Egyptibv, adj. and s. Egyptian : a gipay. 
Eh, int. oh 1 bah ! alas! Eh Inen J welll 
EHANcni, adj, liipshot, whose hips are out of 
^ Joint. 

Bhbrber, va. to weed, to rid of noxious plants. 
inoNTi, adj, {Utile wed, rather say dihanti) 

shameless, brasenfaced, impudent. 
^HOUPER, va. to cut the top of a tree. 
&IACULATEUR, Ml. (cAt.) cjaculator. 
ijAcvLATioy, sf. a short and fervent prayer : 

the act of throijring out. 
IsjAcuLATOiRB, odj. ejaculatoiy, casting or 

throwing out. 
fijAcuLBR, va. (cM.) to ejaculate, to throw or 

cast out. 
^ BCTiON , <f . O'uf •) ejection, expulsion : (pAy*) 

evacuation. 
]feLABORATiojr, <f. elaboration, improvement or 

refining by succesrive operations. 
Islaborbr, va.and S'BLABORBR,vr.to elaborate, 
to improve by labour, to refine by successive ^ 
operations. Le tang 8*elabor€, the blood 
elaborates itself. 
iiLAGAGE, Ml. pruning, lopping. 
Islaouer, va. to lop, to prune, to curtail. 
^LAouEUR, Ml. he that lops, prunes or curtails. 
&LAN, Ml. an e1k> a northern quadruped of the . 

oer?ine genus. 
it AN, Ml. a jerk, a sudden apring, a leap, a sud- 
den motion. Elans, pli transports, ejacula- 
tions, ^lane de pUti, pious ejaculations. 
^LANci, pare, long, lank, thin. ^Homme ^lanci, 
a tall thin man. Cheoal elanei, a horse shrunk 
in the flank. 
6lancbwent, tm* a twitch or sudden shoot in 
the body creating a sudden and momentary 
pain : a pious ejaculation : a rapture (little 
used in thie tenut), 
Ielarcer, vn. (if only uted in the third ptnany 
to ahoot* Ledoigkt m'^laneef my finger shoots 



Blancbe (ft*), «r« to ftU dr raih upon, to slioot» 

to give a jerk. 
iukR^uty va» to widen, to make wide, to ex* 

tend» to stretch, to enlarge : to release, to aet 

at libei!i7. £iargir on f9ui» to widen a diteh. 

• On i*a Siargi, be has been released* 
Elargir (S'). or. to widen, to grow wider :' to 

enlaige one*s estate or ground. 
iLAROfssKMEUT, sfM* wvdemng, enlargement, 

«Bl«iguig. ilarguumenM <i'tin canals the 

widening of a cimal. 
ittAnouBVRB, f^'. a widenioff or eking-piece. 
£la8ticitb, 9f\ elastieity* &e inherent power 

in bodies by which they recover their mrmer 

ignre or state. VSUutieit^ e^ Voir, the elas* 

ticity of the air. 
Blastmiik^ a((;. elastic, elastieal, rebounding, 

flying back. Vertu 6lastiguief an aLastio force. 
«L£OTEum, tm. an eleoter, one who elects : one 

who has the right of TOting or choosing. 

. Xos 0lm!ttur§ de ia eiU, the city*electoni : a 

priace who Toted the election of the Empe- 
^ ror of Geimany* 
ELECTir, a^lj. efectire, depending on^ehoice: 

as, royaiiMO 4ketif, an elective kingdom* 
Election, if, election, the act of choosing or 

electing : a ckoice by votes. F^iro Heetion 

de domicile, (Jur,) to appoint one's domicile. 
i^LKCToBAi., bW;'. electoral, pertaining to eleo- 

tion or electon. CoH^e iUctoral^ electoral 

college. 
Elbcto rat, tm, electorate » electorship : the dig- 
nity of B farmer elector in Germany : his ter* 

ritory^ 
Electrics, ^, an electresa, an elector's consort. 
ELscTRiciTBtf tf* electricity, the property of at« 

traction or repulsion. 
BLBQTRiftuk, «^'. electric, electrical, produced 

by an electric body, pertaining to electricity. 
&LECTBisATiQN> rf, .electrlaatiou, the act of 

electrifying. 
&I.BCTBIDEB, va. to olectrify, to communicate 

electricity, to give a sucMen shock : to ani- 
mate, to ejcoite, to inflame, ilectriter /'amo, 

to electrify the soul. 
iiLBCTBOtMibTRB, Ml. Bu olectTometer, an instra- 

ment for mesBuving the quantity and intensity 
^ of electrimty. 
Elbctbofhobb, tm, electropborous, an instru- 

ment for pi)e«erving electricity. 
elbctuaire, tm, (jphar*) an electuary, a kind of 

opiate. 
^LBGAXiiENT, €dv, elegantly, with elegance, 

with beauty : neatly, genteelly, gracefvUy. 
SLioANci» tf', elegpanoe, that which pleases by 

its nicety, symmetry, purity or beauty: 

neatness, delicaoy : genteelneM, politeness, 

gracefulness. 
ELioAKv, a<(;. elegant, nice, delicate, genteel, 

polite, graceful. 
Ki4oiAQVB,a(^'. elegiac, belonging to elegy: 

plaintive, mournful, expressing sorrpw or la- 

mentation. Vert ^Itgia^ufit, elegiac verses. 
ELioxB, {^. elegy, a mournful or pUintiye poem. 
iL^wENT, tm, element, the first rudiment, the 

minutest part of an3rthing ; a constituent part 

ef ta^y oonpoaitioa; ttie proper state or 

»b«rB of limrtUw, £Uwmu$i vU (b9 fot 
158 



ELL- 

itdea, prinbipleB or rudimenti of an art ^ 
science : (cmm.) an atom, the minutest par- 
ticle of a substance* Vituit ut mam 4UmmU 
study is my element. 

BlAmbntaibb, od/* elementary, primary : sim« 

• pie, unoombined : initial, rudimental, teaeh- 
ing first principles, rules or rudiments. 

^LipHANT, tm, an elephant, the largest of all 
(^nadrupeds, belonging to the order of Bruta. 

Elephantiasis, tf. elephantiasis^ a kind of le- 
prosy so called from the incrustations on the 
skin, resembling those of an elephant. 

KLivATiON, tf, elevation, the act of raising or 
lifting up: exaltation, preferment, dignity: 
B rising ground, a height, a hill, a mountain : 
elevation of the host (at mass). £iS9ation 
d'ttprit, dQM Ut pent^, dam let id^et, eleva- 
tion of mind, thoughts or ideas. JSUvation 
do ttffle, exaltation or sublimi^ of style. MU* 

, eetton djt ia vour, a swelling of Toice. 

ErikvBf MB. an elere, one brought up by aao- 
tber, a disciple, a pupil, a echdar, an ap- 
prentice. 

BLiv£,part. raised, elevated, exalted, sublime : 
brought up. htt gont biin 6Uvei, well-bred 
people. 

Elbvbb, va, to raise, to place hi^er, to lift, to 
heave : to erect, to build, to set up : to pro- 
mote, to proler, to exalt : to bring or roar up, 
to educate, to instruct, to cultivate. 

Elever (S'), vr. to rise, to arise, to ascend, to 
go up, to move upwaids : to rise, to rorolt or 
rebel against : to oppose : to grow proud or 
elated. 

&LBVURE, tf. a blister, a swelling on the skin, 
a pimi^e, a puatule* an cfiorescence. 

ELinBR, va. (gr.) to elide, t6 cut elf a syllable, 
to make an elision. 

EuoiBiLiri, if. eligibility, fitness to be chosen, 

^ eligibleness. 

KuoiBLB, odl;. eligible, fit to be chosen, worthy 

, of choice. 

Elimbb ( S' ) , vr. to wear out. CetU euft s*4lime, 
that stuff is wearing out. 

BtiMiNATioN, tf4 (b%.) elimination, the act of 
eliminating. 

ELiftiiNBB, va. to eliminate, to thrust out, to ex- 
pel, {little utedin thit tenie uideA famiiiarl^) ; 

^ (mat,) to erase. 

Elirb, va. to elect, to pick out, to choosei to 
select from two or moro : to appoint, tliro 
domicile, to settle, to point out one's domi- 

, cile. £lire un paps, to elect a pope. 

ELitioN, tf, an elision, thtf supprossion of a 

^ vowel or syllable. 

Elite, tf, choice, prime, the best part, the best 
of a thing. 

Elixatiok, tf, elixation, the.act of boiling by 
degrees. 

elixir, tm, elixir, a compound tinctoro ex- 
tPBotod £rom two or moro ingredients! the 
quintessence of any thin^^. 

&LLB, pr. she^ her, it. 

Ellbbore, tm. (a plant") helleboro, the Christ- 
mat flower. 

j^LLiPSE, tf. (gr.) an ellipsiB : a defect, an oaols- 
sion, a Bgweof synta*, by which one .arsMiiB 

wordB m onitlM) (jTMK*) w tral i{F»»» 



BifA 

itLUwnQvmp aJli' clHptio, alliptiQal* p«rttiaiiig 
to an aUipsiSi having tha fofm of an «Uipi6 : 
•vaL 

iLocuTiof, sf. elocution, pranuneiation* the 
uttsmnce or deUrarj of worda : (rheii') that 
part which treata of diction and style* . 

£L4>OEi tm, eulogy • anlogiim, praise, commen- 
dation, encomiam, panegyric. 

£1.00 iBTB, ««. (not tofd) an elogiat or eulogist, 
ailatterer« 

ii^ioiiaiiaNT, ill. remove* remoral : ahsence, 
aepniatien : distance, remoteneta : depar- 
ture : ay eraionr hatred, estrangement* M<m 
^im^tumnt ns nrm poj io^g, my abseoce will 
l>e but abort. It a de VtUnpumtnt pour U 

, MwrtegSy he ia averse to mamage. 

SzAiGNan, vm. to romove, to send to a diatanoe : 
to dispel, to drive away, to hanish: to 
estraoge, to alienate: lo delay, to retard, to 

Kloicnsr (S'), vr. to go away, to go from : to 

swerve, to deviate, to wandec Fmu vous 

clg^nez du $»J«t, you ramble/rom the aubject 

in question. 
st^OQunMM ENTrodi' .eloquently, with eloquence, 
^ in a manner to please, affect, and persuade. 
Si.OQvaNon, sf. e{oq«ence» oiatoxy, the ait of 
^ speaking with fluency and elegance. 
Bloquknt, adj, eloquent, having the power of 

•catoiy, persuasive, affecting* animated, ele- 

ga»u 
Eld, m. an elect, one predestinated to salva- 

lion : any one aelectea by votea« 
Elucidation, if. elucidation. 
ftvYssn, sau (mut,) £lysittm, the abode of the 

hleAsed according to .the fable. Lu c&aatfw 
. £i09t€t, the £lysian fields : a delicious place. 
Sjiaciatiok, ff, emaciation, leanness. 
Email, $m. enamel, crystal-glass or frit, baked 

with other metals : enamelling : enamelled 

wariK. P$indr9 «m tmailt to paint in enamel. 
in AiLLEa, ve. to enamel, to lay enamel on a 

metal, as on gold, silver, copper, and the 
^ like: to adom, to embellish. 
Bm^illbok* mm, an enamellsv, one who enamels 
^ er inlaya colours oa metals, 
inai^LVits, ^'.. layii^ enamel, enamelling: 

enamelled work. 
MAVATiov, rf, emanation, the flowing from a 

source, or proceeding from an origin : afflux, 

effluvium. 
faiAiiciPAViov, rf. emancipaiion, deliverance 

from bondage or controlling influ^noe, libe- 
, ration; freedom. 
EMANCirsR, va. to emancipate, to set a 

asP &<Qe from anbj action to his father: to 

liberate : to set free. Son prre Va emtmeip6, 

his lalhet has eamncipated hiss. 
Km A NCI FEB (S')^ vr. to take too much liberty, 

Id make loo freo : to play pranks. 
VMaiiBR* «ii«.to smanate, toisane from a source, 

to flow or proceed from. Dant lu ripubliquM, 

ii jw acir Mwcsratn ^mans du fMup^, in re- 

BuVlics* the aaveraign power emanates 

tnw tke peoftlOk 
BMABoaiiBNT, tm. s marginal note, the note 

wiittsAMi a vnigiiu . 
faijuiftB»«.«k t9 vniB % note 99 the luigia* 
159 



EMB 

£M9AB0vtiiBR, VS. (Jam. mnd ««4gsr) ift fe« 

veigle, to idlure, to coax, to wheedle, to 

decoy, 
I Bmasculation, tf, eaiaaculation, castration. 
Emasculeb, va. to emasculate, to captrala, to 

deprive of masculine strength ar vigour; to 

e£femiiiate, to weaken. 
Emballaob, «m. the packing up of goods. 
C«BALuiuB, MS. a packer I a atoiy-teUer, n 

romancer. 
EMBABCAoiRB, isi. (SpoiUsh) B Small port or 

bight along the sea-coaat. 
Embabcation, jf. (tasr.) any ahip, but more 

particularly small vessels, a craft. • 
Embahobb, $f. {mar.) yaw, lee'luch, wild 

steering. 
EvsAanBH, vs. (mar.) to jraw, to sheer, to 

steer obliquely. 
Ev BABOO, sm. an embargo, a pndiibition of 

ships to leave a port. 
EwBABQUEMENT, JM. embaicatioB, the act of 

putting on board a ahip : the act of going on 

board : embarking, ahipping. 
Embarqcbk, m. to embarii, to put on board a 

ship: te embark in* engage in an affidrw £»• 

bar^r do$ marekandit€$, to ahip goods. 
Embabqukr (S*), vr. to embaik, to go en 

board (a ahip). 
Embabras, «m.' clog, incumbrance, intricacy, 

obstacle, hinderance, impediment : trouble : 

distress, confusion. 
Ehbabbassavt, odj. embarrassing, perplexing, 

entangling, confusing, cnmbeTSQme» adapted 

to perplex. 
EMBARRAttSER, vo, to embarrBss, to render in- 
tricate, to perplex, ta entangle* to dog, to 

obstruct, to encumber, to confuse, to dia- 

ooncert. 
Embarrasseb (S*), vr. to entangle oneself, to 

he embarraaaed, to be encumbered : tp be 

troubled or concerned with. 
Embabreb (S*), vr. (sjMakmg of s korte) to be 

entangled in the pole that parti him from 

another horae. 
Ehbarrure, if, (chir.) a fracture of the akull. 
EaiBASEMBNT, tm. ,(arch») basement, a conti^ 

nued base. 
Embater, va. to put on a baoksaddle : to sad« 

die with. 
Embattage, im, covering the fellies of a wheel 

with bands of iron. 
Eiibat6nnb, adj. armed with a cudgel. 
Embattrb, va. to cover the felliea of a wheel 

with iron-banda. 
Embauohagb, tm. the enliating of aoldiers by 

craft or artificer 
Embauchbb, va» to hire a journeyman : to en- 
list by artifice, to kidnap. 
Embaucbeur, $m. a recruiter, one who enliata 

by artifice, one who decoys journeymen. . 
Embaumeiient, sm, embalming, filling a dead 

body with apices for preservation. 
ExBAUMsn^ vo* to emlmlm, to fill with aweet 

acent, to perfome. Cet ananat tmbaumo la 

bouche, this pine-apple perfumea themoutli. 
ExBiooiMBE, «a. ta muffin up : to infistnate, ta 

bewitch* 
£»BBLUB« «s, to «BhtUiab> to bM«tif>r, to 



EMB 

tak» iMtiidfiil or elegant, to decorate, 'to 
adorn : to gffaoe. 
£iiBKLLi88|iiixNT, tm, embellisbment, the act 
of adoniittg, ornament, decoration, adorn- 
ment. 

£MBBBLUCOQI7Bft (S"), VT. (p0p.) tO bc ptB- 

posaessed with n falae opinion. 

IlMBEsoGHi, adj* busy, over bnsy. 

Emblavbr (une terre), va. to bow a land with 
wheat. 

EiiBLiB (D'), adv. at the first bmnt or onset, 
at the first stroke, in a trice. Emporter iin« 
place d'ombUe, to take a place at the first 
onset. 

EMBLiifATiQUB, odf. emblematic, emblemati- 
cal, pertaining to, or comprising an emblem. 

EMBLiMB, mi. an emblem, an allu9ive picture, 
a tjrpe, a device. 

Emboirb ' or S'bmboire, imi. to imbibe, to 
soak in. 

Emboisbr, oa. to coax, to wheedle, to endea- 
vour to obtain a thing with fair words.' 

Emboisbvb, f*a*\ a coazer, one who uses fair 

Emboisbube, sf. J ' words to come to his eods. 

Emboitembht, Ml. joining, the act of aetting in. 

Emboitbr, va. to joint, to set or put in, to fix, 
to damp, to put in a box. 

Emboxtvbb, rf. joint, juncture, hinge. Emboi' 
ture da oi, socket of the bones. 

Embonpoint, sm. a good case, a gpood plight 
(of the body). 

Embobdurxr, va. to frame, to put in a frame, 

' as a paint or picture. 

Embossaob, im. {tnar.) the bringing of a broad- 
aide to bear upon. 

Ehbosser, tMi. (mar.^ to bring a broadside to 
bear upon. 

Embossurb, sf. (mar.) spring (a general name 
for mooring, lashing, &c.) 

Embovchxr, iu. to put into the mouth : to 
prompt, to instruct. Emboueher un ehoval, 
to bit a horse, to put a bit in a horse's mouth. 
Jo I'ai Hon ombouckt, I have given him his 
cue. Embou^ior un botte, to stretch a boot 
on the last. 

Embouchbr (S'), vr.. (fpsaletiig of a river) to 
run, to fkU in, to empty, discharge or disem- 
bogue itself into. 

Embouchoir, tm, a boot-tree, a boot-last, a 
boot-stretcher. 

Embouchure, tf, the mouth (of a river, a har- 
bour, a cannon, a bottle, aod the like) : the 
mouth-piece of a wind-instrument: the 
bridle-bit : the mode or method of blowing 
. a wind-instrument.' Cejoueur de flute a une 
bonne embouchure, that flute-player has an 
easy and elegant manner of blowing his in- 
strument. 

Emboudinure, ff. (fnar.) the puddening of an 
anchor. « 

Emboubb, va. {pop.) to cover with mud. 

Embouquer, vn, (mar.) to enter a atrait. 

Embourbbr, va, to mire, to put in a mire, to 
sink in the mud : (Jam.) to embark in a 
badaflTair. 

Emboubbbr (S'), vr. to aiak in the mud, to 
atiok }n the mire, to moil. Cette dtarntte 

. t'eit embowrbUt that cait if in the aire. 
160 



EME 

Embocrrbr, «a. to stuff, to fill with eoar'ahaif* 
We, more commonly, say rembourrbr. 

Emboubrure, %f. the cloth that covers the 
etufling of a chair. 

Embourser, va. to pocket, to put (money) in 
a purse. 

Emboursement, tm. pocketing, the act of 
putting in a purse. 

Embranchbmbnt (d'un canal, d'une route), 
tm. the branch of a canal, a by-road. ^ 

Embrasembnt, tm. a conflagration, a great iCil 
violent fire, a combustion : a perturbation 9f 
the soul : confusion, disorder. 

Em BR ABE R, IU. to sctou firo, to kindle, to bum, 
to consume by fire: to inflame. Cette 
querelle peut embrater V Europe, by such a 
quarrel Europe may be thrown into a con- 
flagration. 

Embrassadb, tf. an embrace, a hug. 

£mbea85em£nt, tm. a clasping in the arms, an 
endearment.' 

Embrassbr, imi. to embrace, to take or clasp in 
the arms, to press to the bosom : to seise 
eagerly, to lay hold on : to comprehend, to 
include, to comprise, to inclose, to encom- 
pass, to contain, to encircle, to take, to seise. 
La mer embratte la terre, the ocean encom- 
passes the earth. Embratter Voccation, to 
seiae the opportunity. 

Embrasure,* ff. an embrasure, a port-hole. 
Embraturede porte, de fenitrot the enlarge- 
ment of the aperture of a door or window. 

Embrenbr, va. (pop. and low) to befoul, to soil 
with fecal matter. 

Embrocation, tf. (chir.) embrocation, the act 
of moistening and rubbing a ^seased part. 

Embrocher, va. to spit, to put upon tne ^it. 
Embroeher quelqu*un, (jpop.) to run one 
through the, body. 

Embrouillement, cm. confusion, intricacy. 
EmbrouiUement d'etprit, perplexity of mind. 

Embrouillbr, va. to embron, to perplex, to 
entsngle, to intennix in confusion, to con- 
found; to confuse, to intricate, to ipnplioate. 
Un etprit embrouUli, a confused head. Une 

• affaire embrotUlUe, an intricate affair. £m- 
brouUler let voiUt', (mar.) to brail up, to haul 
up the sails. 

Embrouillbr (S'), vr. to perplex, to confound 
oneself. 

Embruine, a^j. (tpeaking of com) blasted. 

Em BRUM 6, a^f* foggy, misty » cloudy. Tempt 
embrum^, cloudy weather. 

Embrunir, va. to make brown, to give abrown 
casL 

Embryon, tm, embryon, embryo, anything in 
an unfinished state, anything in its first rudi- 
ments: a shrimp, a little short fellow, a 
dwarf. 

EMBt^cHE, tf, ambush, snares, deception (the 
plural is more in use). Dretter dot amhutket^ 
to lay snares. 

Embuscadz, «^. an ambuscade, an ambush, a 
lying in wait and concealed for the purpose 
of attacking an enemy. J^tre en embuteadt, 
to lie in ambuscade. 

Embusqueb (S'), vr.tobe in ambuscade. 

iMSNDSii, va. 0'w«) to amoftdy to reform. 



EMM 

fviBAVOB, ff. A preciooi stone, an emanld. 
MuoBKT, idf, (not. pkU.y emergent, coming 
into Bgfat. 
Kmbsi, im. emeiy, a rery hvd mineral used 
ibr poliflhing metali and hard stones* 

BxiaiLLOK, fin. (a ftttiti of prey) a merlin : 
(Mar.) a large fiuiing-hook. 

BniBiLLOiiKA, mi;, brisk, sprightlr, lirely, 
jovia], merry. (Eil 6mcriUonn^, a brisk eje. 

BiiiaiTSy a4;. emerited» allowed to hare done 
sdficient pnbHo seirice. frofaseur ^rnMte, 

^ sa emented professor. 

Emission, ^. i<ui-) emersion, the re-appear- 
anee of a neavenly bodr* 

BxEBTEXLLER, va» and S'Smerteillbb, vr. to 
astonish, to sjirprise, to cause admiratiop : 
to wonder at J'en at £tS tout £merveiU£, I 

, ba?e. been quite astonished at it. 

BHiriQvx, tm, (p%.) an emetic, a medicine 
that proTokes Tomiting. It is also used 
adjeotireljr. Poudre 6mitupi£, an emetic 
powder. 

KifiTzsEK, f». (pfcyO to mijc an emetic. 

fiMBrntB, tw. to emit, to send or issue forth, to 
iflsne, as notes or bills, to put into circulation. 
Mmettre dupapier-numnaie, to issue bills (that 
represent cash). 

Smbutb, if, commotion, inminrection, uproar, 
riot, sedition, mutiny, tumult, stir. 

Bmeotib, so. (JaL) tOimute, to dung. 

BxiBa,va. and S*iMiER,vr. to crumble, to break 
into small pieces.* 

Bjubttxr,imi. to crumble, to cmm ; as : ^mietter 

, da pom, to crumble bread. 

Bhicb aht, jm. an emigrant : one who emigrates. 

BniGRATioiv, gf. emigration, removal. 

BhiobA, <i^'. and s. an emigrant, one who has 
left his er her country to go and settle in 
saother. v 

BuoBEx, fm, to emigrate, taquit one's coun- 
^, state or region, and settle in another. 
Mmgrer do Franco en AjigUterre, to emigrate 
from France to. England. 

BiiiNcBB, «a. to mince, to cut less or thinner. 

, Da vesii SmmeS, minced veal'. 

BainxiiENT, adv. eminently, in a high degree. 

BaiNBiicB, sf* eminence, eminency, height, 
elbTation, summit, the highest part, the su- 
pteme degree : a hillock, a rising ground : 
eannenoe, a title of hooonr given to cardinals 
and othets, 

BntsEHT, .04^. eminent, high, lofty, great, re- 
nowned, remarkable, conspicuous: exalted 
in rank, high in reputation : dignified, dis- 
tinguished. 

BxiNBiiTiasiiis, adj, most eminent, a title given 
tocsidinala. 

Bmissaibx, tm. an emissary, a peiaon sent on a 

, private message or business, a secret agent. 

Bmissiow, «f. emission, the act of sending or 
throwing out : issue, the act of -sending into 
circalation. £iiuuion de papier 'numnaie, 
SMiasion of notes or bills of credit. 

£nvAossiKBV, oq. to lay in a magaiine or 
stotehonse, to store, to warehouse. 

EHMAiLi.OTBn, va* to swaddle, to bind, as a 
ehild with bands and ronera, to swathe. 

Emuvcnaa, ta. to haft, to set in a haft or 
161 



EMO 

handle, to helve. Emmaneker nn eovtnM, io 
put a handle to a knife. 

Emmanciieub, om, one who haifU or helves. 

Emmanbqoinmbb, vs.. to put young trees in 
hampers. 

EMMAKTBLifc, odj, covsrod with a cloak. Une 
comeille emmafUeUe, the royston crow. 

Emmabineb, va. (mar,) to msn a ship, to fur- 
nish (a ship) with seamen : to inure to sea. 
Tin hemme emmarin^, a map inured to sea. 

ExuiNAGBMEMT, <!». the ftuiixthing of B house : 
the act of setting the household-goods in 
proper order. 

ExMiNAOEB, ' va. aikd S'EhmAnaobr, vr. to 
furnish a house with goods : to provide one- 
self with furniture : to set th^ hoasehold- 
goods in proper order. 

Emmeneb. va. to cany away, to drive away, to 
fetch away, to call away, to lead away. 

Emmbnotteb, va. to handcuff, to manacle, to 
' chain the hsnds, to shackle. 

Emmielleb, va. to do over with honey, to 
sweeten with honey. Parolee enmielUet, 
flattering words. 

Ekmiellube, sf. (with farriert) a poultice or 
cataplasm for horses. 

Emmitouflbb, va. (fatn,) to muffle or wrap ftp 

• with furs. / 

Emmobtaxsbb, va. {trith carpenters) to mortise, 
to cut or join with a mqrtise. 

Emxcsbleb, va. to muz^e, to bind the month 
with a muzsle. 

Bmoi, em, (^an old word) care, trouble, emotion : 
uneasiness, anxiety. 

Ibmollient, ad;* emollient, softening, relaxing 
the solids. 

6ii0LX7ME,NT, em, emolument: (moetly lued in 
the plural) perquisites, casualties, raes, sala- 
ry : the profit arising from office or employ- 
ment: tlmt which is received as a compensa- 
tion for services. 

Smolvmentbr, vfi. t/o gain (always used in an 
unfavourable sense), ^ • 

Bmonde, sf, (eha,) dung of birds of prey. 

Smonoeb, va. to lop, to cut the superfluous 
branches, to prune, to'dear from excrescences. 

kuovDEB, sf, pi, the slips, th» branches thatafe 
lopped off. 

BMOTioN, sf, emotion, amoving of the mind or 

. the soul : the first sj^ptoms of a sedition : 
, a sedition, an insurrection, a disturbance, a 
commotion : trouble, perturbation, discompo- 
sure, disquietude of mind. 

Smotter, va. to break clods of earth. 

&MOUCHEB, va. to drive flies away. 

^movchet, em, (a Hrd of prey) the musket 
hawk, the taisel. 

SMoucHBTTE,<f. B horse-uet (to keep off flies). 

&XOUCHEUB, em. a fly-driver, one who drives 
off flies. 

^MOUCHOiB, sm, a flj-flap (to drive flies away). 

^MOuoBB, va. to gnnd, to sharpen, to whet, to 
edge, to set. 

^MouLEUR, mi. a grinder, a whetter, one who 
grinds or whets. 

6mou8ser, va. to take the moss off trees : to 
blunt, to dull the edge or point : to wesken, 
to zepress. 

M 



iuQVuwM (8')f «•• to frov U««t m* ML 

ExouBTiLLiR, DO. (Jmnk) t« Hiiks liTtly or 
c]i6«rAil, t« imit§ the vpirite. 

SMOtfvo»piM|. te mo^e, to sat mmotioa, toes- 
cite into action: to agitato, to stir ap* to 
xoamt le tztoito : to alfect, to etoito tender* 
neast pity» «r grief. 

&MovToift (S')i «r. to be nored or afiveted i to 
iMtroablMvrcoBeeniedi toretolt* IW^meut 
df rtmi tbe leaat thing aiovaea him^ li ne 
r^nMitt d« ricHi or Hen m V^mtutf nothing 
affectohilB« 

£MPAXLtER,t«. to coreror stuff with atrawt to 
pttck up with etrawi to atoff the akina of 
aaiBalac 

IlMPAiLLtuEiSfiui a chair^nender, ono who 

Empailleuss, $f, } Biikee atnw-bottoma for 
ebaini one who atuffa tlie akina of aainialttt 

fiMPALBMBifry fM» empaltteent* enpaliiig) the 
aet of putting to death by tbe tbniating of h 
atake into the body. 

EmpaiiBK, #«• to emoalto, to thmat a atake up 
the fundament, and thua put to death : a pu- 
nishment fonnerly practiaed in Romt i^ 

. 9tiU in uae among tfa* Turk^ 

Empan, fill, a span, a hand-blreadth» the space 
from the end of the thumb to the end of the 
little-finger extended. 

£iiPAMAOHtfn» «a« to adon with featheia. 

Empaqubtbr, ve. to pack, to paokup» to make 
up into a bundle. J 'at empaqntU nm kmrdm 
et fiMs livrett I have made up iny elothea and 
beoka» tfmu ^Hmm ti*) eikpaytMl^ tfani tm 
earrotte, we were six stowed up in A coach. 

Empameii (8')f vr. to aelae upoti» to invade, to 
mi^e oneself master of, to toke poaaessien of, 
to secure : to eenquer* 

Empasmb, «nit a scented powder (ipread oil the 
body to abaorb the perspiration)^ 

SMPASTBLBBt iw« to bluoi to dfo blue with 
paatel. 

£hpAtbmbmt» tm* (crcfc.) hasei Itaaemont, 
foundation. 

£MpiTB«,1ia. tottl^ atieky, gluish er elaniMy : 
to eram fowls* Qda wmpittt U btm^^ that 

. makes the iMuth elimmy* 

EwpAUMan, «•• to strike with tbe palm of the 
hand or a battledore^ : to grasp, to enoloaa in 
the haad t to aUuref tod^cey, to inreigle, to 
ttap» Emp«¥mtr ftieifto'iift, (/am.) to gain 
ft complete asoendancy ov^r a peiaon. 

£MpBAt7, fin* (ag«) a gran ib tiie rind« 

EmpAcbbmbnt, ija. hinderaiiee* obstnole, im- 
pedimettii obfttruetion, stot>» bar, cheek» dif- 
ficulty: oppoaitMittt. J< nV oise< petet it'^- 
pUkmmtikt, i do net oppose it* 

EtepAcHER, iMt. to hinder, to impede, to prerent, 
to ^t ft stop to, to obitoiiet» to of^Mse, to 
Ibrbid) to prohibit ; to oppose, to pppugn* to 
resist. Vou* m^empichex d$ Ure, you hinder 
■M£reaiie«dlng« x 

EmvAobbr (S')» er. fe fotbear, to keep from, 
to abstain oTi refirain from. Jt n§ pais m*en 
0mpSeh$tt I tannot hel^ it* 

Empbione, (f» the upper leathef of a ahoe> the 



SMPBfcLBMtotf • SDH the alui^fH* dam of a j^d. 
Emfkhnbllb, if, (mar.} a kedgefaMhor* 
16S 



UMP 

Eii#nfiitit» IM. to fbtther* CfntfJIdiMMlH Ml' 
ftnk^i a well-'feathered artoWk 

Empbreur, fm. emperor, (Iitera%) th#Mm- 
mander of an army : th9 Mte'reign or tttt* 
preme mooaifth of an ftmpire* Lo ti^dtvant 
•mpsrcar dsi Frafifat«» the lat« empeier of thto 
Prencb. 

SttPBaAOB) Mi« atarehhli^, etiffeBllig* 

£iiPBs4, fitfrt. and ttdjk surdhed ) stiff, il(^t»d. 
Style omptii, ft stiff- style* 

£iiPBSBR» ea. te ataroh, to itUfefi #lth ftllrieh. 
Empeur du JtitM, to Starch linelkk Efnpner 
rnnt voU», (mart) to wet ft sail. « 

Empbsbur, sm, 1 a ataroher, OM whoM trade is 

Empbsbusb, If. J to statoh* 

£jiPBSTBil» vd. to plague, to iftfeet, to mmmiiu- 
nieato pestilence : to stiidi, to eiftit tn offen- 
sive smell. Ik MipMtSftt Is mimds d$ teurs 
liMtrifiM, they fnfbet the whole worid With 
their dootriiies. 

EmpAtrra, Mk to entaagle (in the ^t) ; to / 
hamper, to shackle, to encumber. 

EMPiTRBft (S''^, vt, to «titangle tf engage one- 
self* S'empitmr dmnt uh$ njfkirei to embafk 
in an affair. S*sMpltrtr d'icfts leets/ssMiS) to 
be eiisttmbeted with a foolish wife. 

Empbtrum, tm. (a plant) berry^beariiig heath. 

EmprasB) fsi* emphaais» ft pftrticnlhr atrsss of 
utterance, an affeoChd foroe of Tt9ioe sr eaefgy 
in gesture* 

fiMPtfATiuvBt tt4/« euphatie, empbatieal, forcl^ 
ble, strong, impressive, uttotod with eaipha- 
tia* ili>» ton mpUtiftUi an emphatic air or 
tone. 

EMpRATioUBMBttT, «rft)* tetpfafttlcaUy, with 
emphasis, attoilgly, forcibly. 

£iipnvTio8B, if. a long leaM» geneitUy fot 
ninety-nine yean. 

Emphyt&ote, t, he who enjoy a a long leaae* 

fixpiivTAoTrauB, odf* eonfttitfttiRg, or pertaia- 
ing taH ft long lease. B*il empkpioti^t a 
very lodg lease* Bsdevtmn ompkft^uifuo, 
ground-rent. 

Em pf ^BM RHT, Ml* eacniftthBeiit, «tacfo%shlng* 

Expi&TBR, vo. to encroach, to entor on the 
rights or poaseiaiotts of anotheri to intrude, ' 
to take poaaeasion of what belongs to anothftt^ 
to usura t to creep oft gndually without 
righti La mor en/tpieto tut (a Itm, the sea ftn- 
eroacheson the land. Kmi ftmpiAst mt mes 
droits, you encroach upon mv rights* 

KMPippRsft, M. fpDp.)to ioftke one grow toft 
fot by ovetfoedtng, to gntde» to crtM* 

ExpiLRMRNt, im* («ft«) niUngnp* 

Empilbr, «a. to pile, to neap up« EMpitef du 
boitf dsi <i«rei, to pile np wood er boolti. 

Empirancb, sf. (pop.) alteratiott in ^ coin : 
detofibfft^n of goodt* 

Ehpirb, im* empire c anpreme eefttrol> power, 
authority: mign, the jariudiction and domi* 
nion of an emperor* L'MipircdMutvfeIke, the 
Auatrian emptrs. L'smpi^ JFVunfatt, I'^m- 
pire Britoftfiif ne, the French, the Britftiinic 
empin* SMisi'MtptndtfNojKrftfM, under Hift 
reign of Napoleon^ 

Ettpiftftftt en. alid ft. to make wone, to gio<r 
woMft) to dacay. 






ippUfld widkovt Kidiieo. 
SMnuiiiB, Mi4 tmpirieim, tlie ptMtie« of me* 

^i^witfaMit* nmUeal odiMttfti««« qttftek«r|r. 
EvFLAcgMBNT, Ml. lite, •ita«tio&, locUl poci- 

tiMi : fiMBd, pliM, letl : the tot of pUwiiif • 
EjirtlTu, m. a plttitor, an tdkciito or fUti- 

■oat nlT«. ICrtfrt or afiptifiMf «u» ««ipMlf«t 

10 w i fl Mtor, to pat «r lay* a plaster on : a 

^iplMi pwoa , one taeapable of going aboat. 
£an.tm, d» a bargain, apurohane. Fair* 

ly tea /ana «lboit» to pntofaaae a tUng. 

fmrt im ««ptett*» to make different pnr- 



£i(PLia. at. to fill, to fill up. £iapitr tr4ip, to 
OTfvfilL 

Serut (g*;, er. to Ott» to gro«r fall. Ia vdu- 
»>■ f'cMpOnaic d'eaa, tlie ahip waft fllUng 
withwater. 

E>r Lot, MR. aaijploy, tbe iiae made of anything : 
tkeofle a thing ia applied to: poet, ofllce, 
iMiiNi : eBplojnient, bualneae, ooenpatton, 
inda, call. Are icni •lepM, to bO out of 



^rLBT&» fii. • dUrk* ITw emfloifi de ie pMt*, 
^ k Aaimy n dedc at the poet*ofllce, en ex* 



£«n.etin, «■• to.emplojr* to ocevpy the time* 
ttteatkin, and labonr of: to keep buay nf at 
wfc : to nae, te'nuike eae of: to oconp^) to 
Mgigetneiie'aBerTioei tobe8tow,toapend, 
tobyoiitk Bmptt^Mfit9mpsiLntrimfmr4t 
to psaa oae'a time in doing nothing. Em- 
fk^ttwm er^ftNi ca J^lUt diptnta, to eqnan^ 
^ one*8 monej' away. Bmplotfer U V4ri et 
^ itr, (« pree. tap.) io leare no atone .nn- 
tenad, to do all in 000*1 power. 

KurtoTan (8')« er. to tpply oneaelf to : to 
mnm oneaelf in, to uae one'i intenat for* 

Eari-vaan, na* to leilher, to fit with feathen : 
toqailL 

Curumtn (fl'>, er. (fm.) to enrich oneaelf, 
W fwihtt oas'a neat, to grow rich. 

^•rocaBK, f«. to pocket, to pat in otfe's 
pocket : topoeket up, to take elandeetioely. 

^roionant Wk to gnap* to giipe, to lay hold 
< taekitok, to nsiae. Empoigmm-h, (•«(- 
«») lake hold of him. 

^■rois, ne« atafofa, n Tieoonaamttelr made ftom 



T, «k a poioooing, the act of 
poiHniag: the effects of it. 
Kiipouonnnn, en. to poiaon, to adminialer pol- 
me wtA wm iatetttioB to kill : to Tenom, to 
■fcm wick vaaem er poiaon» to enrenom) to 
»^, to mar, to taint* to ooitnpt : to mia- 



EarouoHnEUBK, jf. j poiaana : n eormptor : 

c>MpQnfBn» tw. to pitch over, to do over with 

KereuBonnaMtvT, Mi. the -atocking with ftah. 
Kuroittovnan, m* to atoek with fiah. 
^ronrk, fart, and 04/* carried away : hot, 
^« paoaionle. U il tlao wad avbiiHK 



EMU 

r 

tin3yi Ccit «« mnpan0 or wumpatfitt he 

at* she ia a paaaaonate man or woman. 
Empobtsmbnt, mm. transport, a tioleftt fm* 

pulsion of passion ; pamion, rage> anger} 

raring. 
£iii»OATB*rxAeB» im. snipping tool, a poikeh : 

a keen aatirist. 
Emportbr, va, to tske away, to ttitry awar, to 

remoTo : to ti|ke off, to cut off, to make dtoap- 

rr, to kill, to andtch away t to carry or take 
^ aasaalts to fet^h oat| to get of take oat : 
to get the better of, to prayail, to sarpass, to 
excel, to oatweigh : to gain, to obtdii. Lo 
ooKttmt Tofliporfe, the eurrent dragged him 
away. Sa maladk l*a omporUt hia disease 
has killed him. JQsipoffor ia piece, to strike 
home. 

Eifroaran (S*), vr. to fiy ioto a violeat pas- 
sion, to ra^l against, to deelsim against. 
S*omforUr en k^wti, to abttse. U ^omportt 
ait^mtnt, he is easily thrown into a passion. 

Ehpotbm, va.'to pot, to inclose in pots, to pre* 
earye in pots of eerth. 

Empouillbs, »f*pi» (/ttr.) standing crops. 

Sm ^ooRPRCA, va» to purple, to make red, to 
colour with purple. 

EMPnanrnaa, va, to imprint, to stamp, to en- 
gmre, to impress upon, tomarii by pressure. 

Ehprbii«tb, tft impression, impress^ stattp, 
print, nmrk. 

ExpRsssfi, (u(/. eager, anxious, warn, eamaat: 
hasty, in haste, forward. 

EMPRBSBBMBttT) fw« eagertteis, eamestneas, 
care, seal, solicitode, strenuousneiis : keen- 
ness of desike, ardour t haste, hurty. Jiba- 
pmwsMRtf, pU attention, affection, regard. 
Avot omprmementj adv* readily. 

Emprbssbr (S*), rr. to be eager, earnest, or 
forward. J^eire Vomprouit to SMddle without 
call, to be a buaybody. 

EicpRisoHNBMBifT, cm. ioipriaonment, the bet 
of pnttine into prison, confinement t the state 
of the pneouer. 

£mprxbomiibr, twf to ittprisoti, to put into a 
prison or jail, to coniine, to shut up* 

B«prunt, tm. a loan, a borrowing 1 the thing 
borroweid. Fairo un csiprtme, to borrow. 
Yivf d'Mipnmtt, to lire on borrowing* 

Emprvrtbr, va, to borrowy to aak and teeeive 
ea a loan, to take upon cradit : to aaaome. 
EaipruiiMr te nom ds ^atlgit'wn, to take afldse 



EMPXvfiTXtJU, mi.1 a botrower, he or she who 
£KPUt7iitxt;SB,tf.j borrows: one used to 

borrow. 
Empuantir, va. to Mnit bn offelksite smell, 

to infimt. Co eJosftio e wp uanttt to^t k inRoi- 

migi, that sink infests all th« neighbourhood. 
Ehpvavtissbmxnt, om. a bad smell* a stench, 

an iofection. 
EiiPTRfia, ad/. and 1. theempyr«aa, the highest 

beaten : empyresn, empyreal. 
ltiiD» parr, of RMOVvotir, mored» effeeted* 
ihioi.ATBoR, Ml. Ian emulator, one who is sti- 
iMVLATRiCR, $f* ] mulated by emulation : a 

riTal« 
iiivLAtiov, ^» amulfetiom the dnnrt 10 bqual 

•f MMUl4 maUihip. 



EN- 

iautm, jm. and/, tn «iiiiilatorr a competitor, a 
rival. . Cartt^g€ £toH I'^mule de Rome, Car- 
thage waa tlie rival of Romo. 

Emuloevt, adj. {anat.) (ti Maid rftke renal or- 
tfriei) emulgent. 

Emulsion, im. (pharm*) eimilsioii, a softeiiiBg 
potion, a cooling madicine, raBombling milk 
in ocrionrand eonyiBtenice. 

£m, a jnwufun, according to the generality of 
grammarians. It is ofboth gepdera and num- 
bers, and applicable to persona and thinga. 
It ia equivalent to the prepoaitions op, por, 
WITH, ON, AT or about, vrith their comple- 
ment, auchas, me, va : thbx, tou : him, hbr, 
it: THia, that, these, those. Itsiayalsoaig- 
nifj AMY, aoMB, voNB : ;bbmcb, thence, or 
PROM thiaor thatp^oM: aa, J*m suis hien ai$e, I 
am glad of it. J* en 9uUfAeh£, I am aorrj for it. 
Je m*en r^evu, I rejoice at it. Cen ettfait 
<ie Ittt / it ia all over with him ! Nous en 
avont parU, we spoke aboutit. Noui en evens 
dit asset swr ee sujet, we aaid enough on that 
subject. AveS'VousdeVargentl J*enai,hnYe 
jou anjT money 1 I haye (aome). A't^il des 
amis? iltn'enapas, haa he any friendal he 
has none. Avet-vous^tia la eiUl J'en viens, 
have jTon been in the city ? I have juat come 
thence or from it. Sn vouloir a queiqu*un, to 
bear one ill- will. We also aay, A ^iti en vou* 
les-vous? whomdoyonwiah to apeak tol A qui 
enaves-vousi withwhom are you angry 1 Je 
m*en vats OTje n*en imu, I am going away. U 
s*en retoume en France, he goea back to France. 
AlionS'fiMtt'eH, let na go. IVhen joined to 
eome verbs, it totally altera their meaning : 
N*en pouvoir plus ; en imposer ; en eoAter, and 
a great many othera have a very different 
meaning from Ne fouvoirplus, imposer, eoAter. 
£n ia alao used in aome elliptical aentancea, 
such as, II s*en faut de beaueoup, there is a 
great deal wanting. line suit oil il en est, be 
does not know hmr to proceed. II en tient, 
he is caught. Voules-VQus en itre ? will you 
be of the party 1 Cela n'en est pas, that has 
nothing to do with it. 

£n, prep, means the aame as danb, and both 
relate to place and time. They sometimes 
answer to the English prepositions, in, into, 
to, through, from, as. Wee. Sometimes it is 
translated without preposition, and some" 
times it precedes the participle active or ge- 
rund. Traduire en Anglais, to tranalate into 
English. AUer a Edinbourg, to go to Edin- 
burgh. Voyager en. France, to travel through 
Prance. De viUe en ville, from town to town. 
^rier en bon ekr£tien, to pray as a gcKMi Chris- 
tian. AgirenhonnSte homsne, to behaTe like 
aa honest man. Un arbre enfienr, a tree in 
b l osso m . Un offider en uniforme, an officer 
in nnifonn. Sit pouees en longueur, et quatre 
en larmr, six inches in lengtili, and four in 
breaduk. JUne statue en brome, a bronze 
statue. Gestieuler en parlant, to geatico- 
late in apeaking. River en dm-mant, to 
dream in one'a sleep. £n tout temps, en 
tout pays, at all times, and in all countries. 
En tqute oocasian, on all occasions. En haui, 
abore, up stsiis. £» bas, helUnr, down 
164 



ENC 

•tairs. £»' aasnt^ forward* En 

backward. 
£mcai>bembnt, mi. the putting in a frame ; the 

'effect of it. 
£ncadrer, vs. to frame, to put in a frame, to 

put a fraaae to. Eneadrer un tableau, to put 

a picture in a frame. 
£ncaobr, vs. tocage, to put in a cage : (fern.) 

to put in priaon, to confine. 
£NCAi8aBMENT, M». the pacldiig up in caaea : 

{com.) the payment of a biJl or note. Sauf 
. encaiseement, when paid, or if paid. 
Encaisseb, vs. to pack up, to caae, to put in 

cases : {com.^ to receive the amount of* Vo" 

tre remise est eneaiss^e et port6e iL votre credit, 

your remittance haa been paid and carried to 

your credit. 
Encan, fin. an auction, a public aale. Vendre 

h V encan, to sell by auction. Mettre it Venean, 

to put up to auction. 
Encanaillbr (S'), vr. to keep low company. 
£ncapeb, va. (mar.) to embay, to inclose in a 

bay. 
Encapuchonbr (S'), er. (/am.) to coTer 

one's head with a hood, to turn monk. 
Encaqubr, va. to barrel up, to atow up. 
£ncastbler (S*), vr. (vet.^ to be hoof-bound. 
ENCAaTELLURE, rf» (vet.) the being hoof- , 

bound. 
Emcastrbr or Emcastillbb, i». to fit in, to aet 

into a groove. 
Encavbment, fin. a laying in a cellar. 
Encaveb, vs. to lay or put in a cellar. 
Emcavbur, sm. a wine-portor, he who pats in 

a cellar. 
Encavstique, (peinture) at{f. an encauatic 

painting. 
Emceinorb, va. to enclose or inclose (ee dernier 

est plususiU), to surround, to shutin, to con- 
fine on all sides : to environ, to encircle, to 

fence, to encompass. 
Encbinte, sf. an inclosure, the act of inclosing : 

the state of being inclosed, shut up, or en- 

compassed : a space inclosed or fenced. 

Dans Venceinte de la viUe, within the walls of 

the city. 
Encbini;b, adj. pregnant, big with child, line 

femme enceinte, a pregnant woman. 
Encens, sm. incense, a dry resinous substance 

produced by an Indian tree: homage, 

praise, flattery. DonVier de Veneens d quel" 

qu'un, to praise or flatters person. 
ENCENaBMENT,fm. Bcenaing, a perfuming with 

incense. 
Encensbr, va. and n. to cenae, to incense, to 

perfume with incense: tooommend, to praise, 

to flstter. £ttetM0r Vidole dujour, to praise 

the idol of the day. 
Encbnseur, sm. an adulator, a flatterer. 
ENCENaoiR, sm, a censer, the ressel or fire-psn 

in which incense is bumt. 
Encha^nrment, nn. concatenation, chain or se- 
ries: connexion. 
ENCHAtNER, va. to euchain, to chain, ta fasten 

witb a chain, to catenate, to link together, 

to connect: to c^»tivato, to enslave, to 

chann. 
£vciiAiNViii» ff« a chain, a iMnding : Jinks. 



ENC 

EiicBiLirTBLKB, iw» to Mt caski oil gawntreet, 

to pile np timber. 
ENCHANTZMsm-, sm. enehantiiienti incantation, 

irreciBtibla delight : the use of magic arts, 

apella, or cbanns. 
.Encuantxr, «a. to enchant, to practice soipery 

or witchcraft on any thinir : to . anbdne bj 

charms, to chaim, to raviah with pleasure 

0r apella. Notufumet enekant^t de la mu- 

tiffic, we were enchanted with the masic. 
Encuamteur, MR. 1 an enchanter, an en- 
EvcuAHTSBxaafi, sf. f chantreaa, a sorcerer, a 

soroereas, a magician, he or aho who be- 
witches, charms, or delights. It is also ad- 

jectire. Un ttyU inckanUtur, une voix en- 

dhcfiterene, an enchanting style, a delightfiil 

voice. 
EscHAPBB, M. to enclose one cask in another. 
EvcHAPBBONKBB, tw. to hood (a hawk), to 

put on a hood, at a fbneral. 
EnchAsszb, vo. to enchase, to set or pat in, to 

inahrine. EnehAtserun dianumt, to set a 

diamond. 
ENcaissvBx, sf, enchasing, setting in. 
Evcbavssbb, va. (ag») to cover with straw or 

lang litter. "^ 

EsfCBiBE, sf, an outbidding. Vendrs or mettre 

« renekirf , to sell hj auction. Folk enehers, 

excessive outbidding. 
Enchbbib* va. to outbid, to bid a higher price, 

to raise or enhance the price. 
Ekcbbbib, vn. to grow dearer: to outdo, to 

excel, to surpass: to go beyond. 
EKCB4Bi8SB]tBiiT,fm.ariains in price or value. 
ENcjiaaissBUB, mi. an outbidder, one who out- 
bids. Au plus cffrant et dernier enek£ri8$eur, 

to the highest bidder. 
EvcaiviTBEB, va. to halter, to put on ahaltor : 

to entangle, to involve in difficulties. 
EiKCBBvAfiiiBB (S*) «r. to have a foot entangled 

in the halter (^speaking rfa horse^ : to entangle 

oaeseUin a noose : to engage in a bad affair. 

ifemeketStrer dans un raisonnemeni, to engage 

in an argument.' 
EbchbvAtbubb, sf. (arcft.) a chimney-joist: 

(ast.) an excoriation in the pastern of a horse. 
£>(CHivBiyBMBNT, sm, a stopping in the nose, 

a cold in the head. 
EiicBirBKNXB, va. to occasion a oold in the 

head. Je suis ancfct/Veti^, I have a cold in 

mj bead. 
ExcLAVB, sf. a land inclosed by another: 

boundary, bound, limit : (areh.) a recess. 
EiicLAVXMEi«T, sm. tho inclosing or bounding 

of a country by another. 
ExcLAVBBi^ va. to mortise, to fasten into : to sur- 

iwmd, to inclose, to shut in. 
Eacuif , adf. incltned, prone, bent, propense, 

ready to. 
EacuTiQUB, ad;. encUtio, joined to another so 

as to seem'to be a part of it. Fartieule en- 

elkipte, an enelitie particle. 
EycijolTBBBy va. to cloister up, to shut in a 



EifCLOBB, va. to inclose, to encompass, to fence, 
'to shut in* Enelore un faubourg dans la viUe, 
to eaoempata a anburb mthe cit^. 

If Jsu an ineloaaxe, a piece of land, or 
J65 



ENC 

any place inelooed with a wall, a hedge or 
ditch. 

£kcl6tib (8*^, vr. (c^.) to burrow, to make 
a hole in the ground. 

£ncl6ubb, va. to prick or nail a horse in the 
ahoeing : to spike a piece of ordnance. 

Enclouube, sf. the pricking of a horse's foot : 
the^ spiking of a gun: (/am.) an obstacle, 
a difficulty. JT'at d^cowiwrt Venelouwre, I have 
found out where th^ mischief lies. 

Enclumb, sf. 'an anvil, the iron block on which 
metal IS laid : an incus or anvil. 

Ekclumbau or Enclumot, sm. a small anvil, 
a hand-anvil. 

Encochbhbnt, sm* a notching, the act, of 
notehing. ' 

Encochbb, va. to notoh, to put into a notoh. 

Encoppbeb, .va. to lay up in a chest or trunk : 
(Jam,) to imprison. 

Encoionubb or bvcogkvbe, sf. a comer, an 
angle (formed by two walls). 

Encollaob, sm. (mac.) the washing or whiten- 
ing of the wood. 

Encollbb, va. (meo.) to waah or whiten «wood. 

Encolvbb, sf. the chest or shoulders (of ^ 

horse) : mien, look, i^peaiance (tn an un^ 

favourable sense). C'est unfripon, il en a 

touts Veneolure, he ia a rogue, and his looks 

betray him« 

Encombbb, sm. (/am.) an enoumbranca, a ddg, 
a binderance, an obstacle, a cross accident. 

Encombbbmbkt, sm. an encumbrance, the act 
of encumbering : the effiaots of it. 

Ekcombbeb, va. to encumber, to dog* to atop, 
to impede motion. 

Encontbb, sf..(^ob$.) encounter, luck, chance, 
adventure, mal eneontre, ill luck. • ' 

Evgontbe ( a l' ), adv. and ffrep. against. Perm 
* ionne no va d. Veneontre, nobody opposes it. 

ENcoBB,*or (m poetry) bmcob, adv«yet, as yet: 
still, at this time : more, beaides, over and 
above : longer : again, too, also, even : and 
yet, at least : but, only : however. 

Ekcobb que, cofi;. tiiough, although. 

ENcoBNi. adj. honed, wearing horns, provided 
with horns. 

Encobkbb, va. {obs,) to furnish with horns. 

Ekcobnetbb, va. to put in a paper caae. 

Encoubaoeant, adj. encouraging, exciting 
courage, inspiring with hope and confidence. 
Une perspective encourageante, an encouraging 
proapeot. 

Encoubaobmbnt, sm. encouragement, the act 
of giving courage or confidence of success, 
incitement, incentive, stimulation, abetment : 
favour, profit, reward. ' Les arts ent besmn 
d^eneouragement, the fine arte want to be en- 
couraged. 

Emcovbaobb, va. to encourage, to give courage 
. to, to embolden, to animate, to incite, to in- 
apirit : to spur on. 

Eb GOV BIB, va. to incur, to become liable or 
8ubj€(ct to : to bring or draw hpon oneself, to 
expose oneself to : to undergo, to deserve. 
Eneourir le hlAme et la honte, to ino:ar blame 
and shame. 

Encbasseb, va. to daub, to soil, to beamtar, to 
dixty , to make gxeaay or naaty. 



EHD 

^NgBi^sptB f S*), vr. to gwiF Biitj. dirty, ©r 
ruBty : to aegprade or debase oneself. 

£vcRE, if. ink, ft black liquor or subataoQe used 
for writing or printing. Jiuer$ rwg9% red 
ink. Encrs d$ la Chine, Indian ink. £ncr# 
stfmpnthttiqu$, STmpatbetie ink, ierirt <U 
kmm enor$ a ^iMlf tt'vn, to write in strong 
and pressing terms. 

]^NciisR (iia«i forme) vo. (uitfc yrinfn) to uik 
a form. 

SwcKf s», im.' an inkborn, ap inkglaas, an inkt 
stand, a small vessel^ bold ink, 

EvpVYKAssitR, (§'), vr. to put on ft evirass: 
(applied to metals or cloth) to grpw ruAty* loul, 
or dirty. 

Enculasser, va. to fix the stock (to tbe barrel 

of a fire««n»)« 

Encuvacr or £ncuvsmsnt» im. (witk t^wt^i) 

■ the putting into a tub. 

Encuvrri v€k* (with tsHiMrc) to put into a tub* 

£ncyclof&die,{/'. enoyolopedia«r eQcyclopedy* 
tbe oirde of sciesoeS) a generftl system of ia- 
stniction or knowledge. 

ENGYOitOFiniQuSt a4/* oncyclop^diaQ, embrac- 
ing the whole circle of learning. 

£ncyci^opro]st^» «fi»< an encyclopedist, tbe 
compiler of an encyolopedift. or one who 
assists in such a compilfttioot 

ENDiMiQUE, adj, endemic, endepueftl, oode- 
mial, poQttUar to a people or nation. 

Enpsntr, a4/. indentedt cut in the edge. 

Endenter, tMi. to indent, to potohi to jsg, to 
cut into points like a row of teeth. 

liDOETTER, fHi« tocaiis^ tQ ruQinto debt, to get 
into debt. 

^NORTTEH (S'}i v^% to contiftot debt«, to nm 
into debt. 

]E)i«n)lT9> ^'. ind «« (o6s.) stubborn, fretiul, ia&- 
patient, 

E^oivEB, im. ^paji.) to bemad, spiteful, or sbt 
raged agftiast. 

i^piABi.i, a4A ^^ ** ^* mischievous, devil- 
ish > mnd, furious. Ce%t i4f| eiMiiaM^i (/am.) 
he is a downright devil. 

EvDiiiAKGHKR (!'), VT. (/ttRi.) to put oo Sun- 
day's elothes, to put on one's best clothes. 

Eno^t^, %f, endiv^i ft species of plant, of the 
genus sucoory (mostly usc^ as a salad). 

Emdoct|iinrr, va. to indoctrinate, to indoo* 
trine, to teach* to infttryct : to tell one what 
lie has todo or say, 

Endommaobment, fm. (/am.) endamagement, 

, damftge, loss, ininry: ftlteraiion^ the state 

of wh9t is daiiiage4« 

Enoommaoer, va, to epdamagejt to bring loss 
or dan^g^, to damase, to l^ann, to injure, to 
R^isqhieiF^, te prejudi^ : to impair. 

Endormeur, «m. that which causes sleep. It 
is only nsod in a fgniatiYe sense : a flatterer, 
a cajoler, ft wheemer. 

Endormi, part, anda4/> asleep, sleepy: drowsy: 
ben^vnl>ed.« J'ai (ftmaMisndsrmis, my hand is 
I^UB(he4- • l^n omiwmi, ft stupid feUow. 

CvnoR«]^R«va.tosBakeonesleepatolnU tosletp : 
to amus«, to deoeivo ; to h^nnmb, to make 
torpid. Eridormtr un tujantt to mok a ohiM 
to ftl^i^i. U Wkm mi4armk 4s Msf prvsMitfs, 
he has whee<Uedno wM4 %m P MM ft ^ 
166 



ENP 

EnoowMiii (fl^), vr. to fall ftsleepi to b0 sleepy : 
to deem oneself safe oir eeoure : to neglect* 
U m f *«iMi«rt poi, lie looks sharp about bim. 

En DOS, lai. a eonunercial term grown obsolete. 
We now say enSAoaemenX* 

Empossb, </. (/am.) weight, trouble, toil, in- 
cumbmnce. 

Enpossbmrmt, tm. (com.) iadonement, the act 
of writing on the baok of a note or bill : that 
which is written on the back of a note or bill. 

Empdssbr, sa. to endorse, to put on, to put on 
one's back : to write on the back of a bill or 
note : to assign by writing, to transfer by in* 
doraement. Endo$&er en blanot to indorse in 
Uank. 

£voo88SVR, im. an indorser, the person who 
indorses or writes his name on the back of a 
note or bill of eRobange. 

Ev DROIT, <m. a place, part of • apace, a bit : 
a part, a passage : the right side (of ft staff, 
and the like). 

Endqxrr, wi. to do over. Ettdtdre u» mur de 
pldtre, to do a wall over with plaster. 

End'uit, im. plastering, stucco. 

En ou RANT, adj, patient, passive* It is mostly 
used with a negatiTe. // n'est pat sndttrsnt. 
he is not easily dealt with. 

Ekduroxr« vs. to hftrden. to nuke hftid, to ob- 
durate : to inure, to accustom. Lt travail 
sauhireit to corpi, labour hardens the body, 

Endurcir (S'), vr, to growihard, to become 
obdurate. 5*sndiircir a^ travail, to innro 
oneself to labonr, 

EwDURcissRifENT, fsi. obduntion, obdnnicy, 
hardness of heart. 

Endures, tw. to endure, to bear, to suffer : to 

^ bear with patience, to put up with : to allow, 
to giant, to permit. 

&NER0IE, if, enersy, int<*mal or inherent 
power: efficacy, force, vigour* ttreiigth, ef- 
feotual operation. 

txERGiouB, adj. energetic, energetical, ope- 
rating with force, vifour, and effect: lor- 
cible, powerful, efficacious. 

ivRRGiouRMSNT, adv* energetically, with ibreo 
and vigour, forcibly, strongly, powerftiUy. 

^HSRonuiNE, «n. .ft demoniac, one possessed 
by the devil. 

&NRRVER, va. to enervate, to weaken, to de* 
bilitate, to deprive of nerve , force, or strength , 
to enfeeble. La volupte 6Mrve U corps, vo- 
luptuous indulgences enervste the body. 

EffFAtrsAV, MR. 8 ridgo-tilc, a gutter-*tilo. 

Evf aIter, va. to cover (ft hoqse), to mske the 
roof. 

EvrAHCB, if. infsncy, the first pftrt of life, be- 
ginning at the birth : childhood : puerility : 
^e beginning, the early period of etiatence. 
Etre dans Venfanet, to be m a state of infancy. 
Vonfanoe de Is r^iiirfiftts KonHiiNS, (he in-* 
fancy of the Roman ««epublic. 

Enfant,' an, a child, an inihnt, a little boy or, 
girl. Enfant A la fliaais/(a, ft sucking child. 
Enfant trouv6, ft foundling. Enfant gdU, a 
spoiled childt Etifont de oontr, a ainging 
boy.' Enftfnte perdu*, (mii.) fodom hope. 
L'enfant prodMrns, the prodi^ ohikL Un 
bame^muJUii^y a good hind of ioOfW. 



BMP 

o/int, to get a child, to bring forth. 
EwFAVTBMviTT.aM. ft bfiBguig forth, childlMrth, 

£vrAiiTSR, «g« to bring forth, to be brought to 
bed, to be deiiirered : to teem, to produce. 

£N'riiiTiLLA6B, sw. chUdishnow, poerilityt 
childuh tallK er beheviour. 

En/ ANTiK, a(^'. infantine; infentile, ehildiahi 
PQ«rile« Vfris enfamtiii$, an infant's voiee. 

EsPAiivBR, va, to make white, to cover with 
Mai. Am mvfmin^ H^wm uplmon, to hare 
iaibibed an opinion, to be innitoated witii it. 

Ikpib, ih. hell, the nlaoe &r state of pnnish- 
meat for the wicked after dvvth : tb4 infbr- 
Bal peweia c a hellish^aoiae i a place of 4is« 
Older and eonft^sion. ^ Lei enftn, pl» the in- 
fernal leirions: (myt.) the abode of seuls 
after death, the lower regions. 

Esruxaa, wa, to shnt up, to shut in, to lock 
up: to inclose, to surround, to hem in i to 
MsqirBheiid, tofaiclvde, to e(imprise, to con- 
tsia. 

EsraanBE ([8'), vr. to shut oneself up : to re- 
tire, to withoniw from ell kind of society. 

ExruRSB, Ml. to run through (with a sworn or 
nj Qther haad*w«^poB). 

EsrsaasE (S'), vr. (/em.) to hurt oneself in,- 
m a s i d e r ately : to, stand in one's own Mght: 
to entangle oneself: to say more than what 

£KncBLXR,AB4(iMc.)to tie cUM)e with a string. 

EvriLADB, rf^ an enfilade, a suite er range of 

moBu : a long and tedipiM speech : arabble- 

■kSBt. 

EanLna, e«. to thread, to iile, to pass through 
B tape or thread : to follow in a straight line. 
£s|iilap »«» diiemm, to engage ip a long 
■ poa ch. Et^filer um rue, to go through a 
stieet. Eii^icr dn pfrist, to string pearls. 

Enpik, adp. and conj. in fine, finally, after all, 
at last« at length : in abort, to conclude : 
npon the whole i in ccmclusum i in a word. 

SarLAMMKR, vs. to inflame, to set on fire, to 
kindle : to fQuse, to inflame courage, desire, 
9r anger : to iaeense, to provoke, to irritate, 
to exasperate. Toute ta viUe Jut $njiamm^, 
the wholo town was in a blase, 

ENFLAMJinn (S*), vrl to catch fire: to grow 
hot. S*€mjlamm0r de ceierv, to grow angry, 
to fidl into a passion. 

EsFii, part, and ««{;. twelled, inflated, pufed 
op, proud: (p&y.) dropsical, 

EvrumnvT, sm. swell, increase. 

Enruui, fw. to inflate, to swell, to puff up, to 
ehte : to blow, to raise, to elevate. Enfter 
h drffWM, to swell the bill. 

Evfi.sm (8*). cr. to swell or distend : tp rise, 
teprotaberate, to surge, to rise high : toin- 
•leese : to grow elated orproud. 

ExrLcns, ^, a swelling, a tumour, a pvotuber? 
•nee : pride; vanity : (vst.) haven. 

EsroMfAQB, fBi. (with eoofiert) (he bottoming 
flfasaak, 

EsroacanaiiTf fm. i breakipg ppeo, a break- 
ing through : a ^bottom, a hole, n hollow 
{tiw s » distMitpioepqct(iji a|^t»re) dapthi« 
backgroqad* 
167 



BNG 

£iifOMun» ««• to thrmt, to Tfita^ o^ Mf 

into : to break open, to knock in, to break 

through : to sink, to put under wMer. JUs 

ymut sit/btto^«, hollow eyes. 
GNFONcan (8'), er. to go deep in, to go far 

into. Js m'mfonfai dvu l»firit, I went 

into the thickest part of the forest. 
EiiroirosuB, im. one that breaks opdiu It !• 

only used in this sentence i Efi^hacittfi de 

poriBt ouvertes, a bragger, a boaster (one who 

afiects to do great things when there is 

hardly anything to be done). 
EvvdNfUKB, cf. pieces belonging to the bottom 

of a caak: the boarded bottom of a bedstead. 
ExroBciR^ cc. to strengthen (leidoHi cppiioci 

to pertoiu), L'mwkis 9i^9r6it let ekiiemg, 

oats strengthen horses. 
Ehporcib, tw. or S^bbfoboir, vr.~ to g re w 

stronger, to. gather atrength, C«« mfinu 

<'fii/orcJt, that child is growing strong. 
BvvouiB, «•• to bury ow hide in the ground. 

Enfouir un tr^tor, to hide a treasure in the 

ground. 
Enfouissehent, im, the hiding or burying In 

the ground. 
EvPouRCHx^ENT, <n. (ag. and wnh,) craaslBg. 
Enfourciier, va, to stride, to bestride, to 

straddle. 
EvFouBOHUBB, sf. (oAtf.) tbo forked head of* 

stag : (^anat,) the fork of the b6dy. 
Ekfournbb, vai to put in the oven. JSif/b|W- 

ntw i$ pam, to put the bread in the oven. / 
Enfourmer (bien or mal), vn,(fiim*)to nmke a 

good or bad beginping. 
Enfreinore, va. to infringe, to break, to fio- 

late, to transgress, to contravene, to trespsss, 

to neglect to fulfil op obey. Enfimndreun 

traiUt to infringe a treaty or covenant. 
£kf|ioqubr, tie. (fam. and iron.^ to BMke one 

turn' monk. 
£hprqqi7br (S*), or. to turn monk. 
Enfuir (S'), vr, to run away, to flee, to flip 

away : to escape, to make one's escape t to 

boil over : to leak, to be leaky. 
EvruuEB, t)a. tosmoka» to besmoke, to fill with 

smoke : to sulphui : to dung. 
Emfvtailleb, va, to pyt into a ofisk, to bav« 

re} up. 
EtiQ^cBAVT, a^j- engaging, alluring, enticing, 

chinning : enlisting. Vet nukuiir^ migag§aiU$tt 

engaging manners. 
Eboagkaxtbs, sf. pi. a sort of woraan-a rufliea. 
Engagement, am, paVning, the act of pawning 

or pledging, mortgage: engagenMnt, inden« 

ture, obligation : a contract, a covenant : l^e 

enlisting of a soldier. 
Engager, va. to eng^e, to pawn, to stake as a 

pledge, to mortgage, to pledge : to induce, 

to attract: to enlisi SA a aoldier. Engager 

mfm, ta paroUp to pledge one's faith or woid« 

Engagn' U combatf to engage, to fight. 
Eboaceb (S'), vr. to engage, to pass ope's 

word, to be bound : to enlist as a aoldier : to 

hire oneself; to stand security for, to hail. 

S*engager dant une affairt, to embark in an 

affair. 
Eijo 40 1 STB, im. a mortgagee, t^e pemoii to whom 

an estalA i9 mortgaged. 



ENG 

EifOAiVBB, M. to sheath, to enoloee in a sheath. 

Enoastriloqub, hetier Vknteiloqub, tm. a 
▼entriloqoUt. 

Enoeance, rf, a rftoe, a breed, an ofispring, a 
prepay. JkfoiMMiiM m^^aancB, a bad set. 

EvoBANCEE, Ha. to plague, to ,tease, to em- 
bamss. 

EvoBLi^aB, ^. chilblain, a sore made by frost. 

Emgendbbk, va. to beget, to produce, to pro- 
paga^, to breed : to give rise to : to cause, 
to occasion. L'oinvet^ engendre U vice, idle- 
ness produces yice. 

EvGBNBEBE (S*), VT. to be bred, to be pro- 
duced : to grow, to shoot oat, to spring from. 

Enobb , va. to encumber, to embanaas, to pester. 
C« 2it sft tout eugi de ptmeiMf , this bed is 
All! of bugs. 

Emobebbb, tw. to sheaTe, to bind up into 
sheayes, to stack the sheayes. 

Emoin, <m. an engine, a compound machine or 
ai^tificial instrument, any tool, instrument or 



Enolobeb, va, to unite, to join, to add to, to 
' mix. 

EifQLOuTiB, iM, to swallow up, to devour : to 
absorb, to ingulf, to swallow up in a vast 
deep. 

Enoluer, tw. to daub with bird-lime. 

Enolubr (SI), «r. to get entangled in bird- 
lime. 

Enoomcbr, va. to mslce one look ill-shaped, to 
cranq>, to confine. Cet habit mnu engoneo, 
that coat ctamps you. 

Enooeobm BNT, ntii a being choked or stopped 
up. 

EnjSOEOBB, tNi.to choke up,to obstruct, to stop up. 

Enoouembnt, tm, an obstruction in the throat : 
infatuation, extreme fondness. 

Emooubr, va. to choke up, to obstruct, to 
block up. 

EsGouBR (S'*^ de, vr. to be excessively fond 

' of, to be inmtoated with. 

ENOourBRBE, (S*), vr. to rdn into, to be swal- 
lowed up, to be ingulfed. 

Enooulbr, va, (pop,) to gobble, to gobble up, 
to swallow down all at once. 
, £noour2>i, part* sad a4j» musty, doll , benumbed. 

Ehoourdir, va.'to benumb, to mske torpid: 

. to Btupify, to blunt, to dull, to make stupid. 

Enoovbdir (S'), vr. to grow nuinb : to grow 
dull or stupid. 

Enooubdissbmekt, fm. numbness, torpor: 

' dulness. 

Enobais, fsi. pasture, pasture-ground, any* 
grass, food or meat, wherewitli cattle and 
fowls are fiittened : manure, compost, dung, 
lime. 

Enoraiosbmbht, fm. (og.) the set of fattening 
animals, or of manuring the ground. 

Emqbaisseb, va. to fat, to mske fat, to fatten, 
to mske plump and fleshy: to manure, to 
apply to land any fertilizing matter : to en- 
rich : to daub with grease. Engraistor dot 
brebit, do la volaiUt, to fat or fatten sheep dr 
fowls. 
. Ebobaisseb, vn. to grow fat. 

£voBAi8i|BR (S'), vr. to grow hti to grow 
rich, to enrich onoMlf. Sdngrmt9»r d$ la 
168 



ENJ 

•uAttoiice dtt psicpif • to fiitten on the tubstaBce 

of the people. 
Enoranobr, va. to house com, to get it in. 
Enoravement, tm, (mar,) a running aground. 
ENGRAVBR,va.(iRar.) to run aground, tostrand, 

Noui jommei oi^raiN^t, we are stranded. 
EnorAler, va. to nuke purls or edgings. 
Enor£lure, if. purls or edgings (in lace or 

embroidery). 
Engrenaoe, sm. the catching of wheels. 
Engrenbr, va. to put the cbm into the milU 

hopper. Engrenar de» chavawc, to feed horses 

with com or beans. 
Ekorenbr« vn. to tooth, to notch, to catch, to 

indent. Engrstter nuU, to begin ill. 
Engrbnvrb, rf. catching, laying hold of. 
Ekgbossbb, va. (fam,) to get a women with 

child. 
Engbuhbler (S*), vr. to clot, to coagulate: 

to curdle. Le tang t*ongrumela, the blood 

cosgulates. 
ENouBviLLi, a^i* tattered, eoTored with rags. 
Encuicburb, rf, the mouthpiece of a trumpet. 
Evhabdir, va; to give boldness or courage, to 

embolden, to encourage. 
Enhardir(S')^ vr.togrow bold,totakeconn^* 
Enharnachembnt. jm. harnessing, trappings. 
Enhabnachbb, va. to harness, to set out with 

trappings. Commo voiis voiliL onharnaM ! 

how drolly you are accoutred ! 
Enhbbber, va. to sow a field with grass-seed. 
ENHucui, adj, (mar.) moon-shaped. 
Bnigm ATiQUB, adj. enigmatie, enigmatical, con* 

taining, or relating to, a riddle : obscure, 

darkly expressed : ambiguous. « 
^niomatiqubxent, adv. enigmatically, in an 

obscure manner. 
Eniomb, sf. an enigma, a dark saying, an ob- 
scure question, a riddle : a -question, oon- 

tsining a hidden meaning whidi is proposed 

to be guessed. 
EmjamdAe, rf. a stride, a wide step. D'tino 

ewfamb^e, with a single stride. ^ 
Ehjambbkbnt, tm, the running of a French 

verse into the next line to complete the sense. 
Enjambeb, vn. to stride, to step wide: to jut 

out, to stand out: to encroach upon:.(ap- 

plied to a French vent) to run into another 

line. 
Enj amber, va. to stride, to stride over. 
Enjaveler, va. to bind com into sheaves. 
Enjeu, tm. a stake (at^plav.) Rotiror ton 

ortjeu, to withdrew one*B stske. 
Enjoin DUE, va, to enjoin, to order, to direct 

(with urgency), to command, to prescribe, 

to charge. 
Enj6ler, va. to wheedle, to coax, to cajole, to 

decoy, to inveigle, to seduce, to allure. 
Enj^levr, tm, 1 a wheedler, a ooaxef, one who 
Enj^lbusb, sf', J coaxes, cajoles or wheedles. 
Enjolxvembnt, tm. embellishment, the act of 

adorning, decontion, ornament. 
Enjolivbr, va. to embellish, to adorn, to beau- 
tify, to decorate, to make beautiful or elegant 

by ornaments, to set off. It is only ap]&ed 

to things. 
Enjolivbur, SSI. a setter off. one who embel- 

liahesi adoznsi or sets eft 



EMO 

blithe, mirthful. Air mtjmtS, a choemtl conn- 
tanaace. Coiwertatitn enjoiue, a sprigbtly 
eonvenation. 
Ex/ouzMSNT, fm. cheerfulness, gaiety, liveli- 

aaas, aprightliaeas. 
EviTBBM BNT, SM. iutoxicatioo, inebriation : the 
state of an intoxicated person (littis used in 
thitieme): transport, violent passion, infatua- 
tion, enthusiaam. 
Ekivrer, vm, to inebriate, to make drunk : to 
infatuate, to tpasport with joy, to elate with 
pride, to make piond or conceited. 
EaiVRSR (S'), vr. to get drunk, to Jbe infa- 
tuated with. 
£itx.ACKMBiiT, Ml. twisting, putting in a string. 
EvLACER, vfl. to twist: to string. Enlaetr de$ 

ftifiert, to file papers. 
Eki^idir, va, to make ugly, to disfigure. Sa 
maladie l*a enlaidiet she has been disfigured 
by her disease. 
EnlAvxm RKT, fsi. a carrying off forcibly, an 
abduetion, a rape. L'cnicMswnt dcf Sabmst, 
the rape of the Sabines. 
Emi^bybr, va. to lift Tip, to raise, to heave up : 
to cany off, to take away, to take, to tidce 
off : to carry away forcibly, to run away with : 
tor forestall, to buy up, to em^ss : to delight, 
to chum, to enrapture. Mlever une tadu, 
to take oat a spot. La mart Va iniev£, deatb 
has swept him off. 
Enlevobb, tf, rather say blevubb, a blister, a 

pimple, a' poistule. 
EiiLUMivxR, va* to colpnr (prints or maps), to 
illominate. Un net enhuuni, a nose fuU.of 
pimples. 
Enlvmikbur, tm* a oolourer, one who ooloors 

maps0r prints. 
EvLCMiicoRB, ff« the colouring of maps and 
prints: a ooloued print: far-fetohed orna- 
ments. 
Envbxi, im, BB enemy, a foe> an adversaiy, 

one who bates or dittikes. 
Ehboblib, iw. to ennoble, to make noble, to 
make famous or illustrious, to dig^fy, to 
ezalt,.^ aggrandise, to elevate in degree, 
qnatiues or excellence. La pUt^ onnobUt 
Vamt, piety elevates the soul. 
Ekkoz, sir. ennui, heaviness, tedionsness, 
weariness, dufaiess of spirit, lassitude, irk- 
sosseness, disgust ^f. 
EifNVYABT, a4/. Vm tedious, tiresome, eaus- 

ing tedionsness. 
EnyvTBB, vA. to tire, to weary, to tease. Cet 
hcmmo ennvu UnU U monde, that man tires 
evBiybodv. 
EvMOYBR (S'^, vr. to be tired, to be weary, to 
feel time he heavy on one's hands. II t'en- 
nmiode tomt, he is disgusted with every-thing. 
Ebwu YBVSBMBNT, odv. todiously, so as to cause 
wearisomeness, in a tedious manner or way. 
En ifVTBVX, adj. tedious, tiresome, wearisome, 

^"y^g bsavy on one's hands* 
ivoBci, jm. 4hat which b ecpressed in any act 
or writing. Un ihmple 6noncif (j»r.) an as- 
sertion withotft proof. 
ibfOBCBB, so. to exjfirswy to declare, to niter, 
to dedare in woru* 
169 



ENR 

I^OKCBB (&'), «r. to express oneself. Jt 

$*^noneo bion, il $*inonee mat, he has a good or 

a bad utterance or delivery. 

^NOHciATir, adj.(Jwr.)dec\MX9UTe, expressive* 

&NONXIAT10N, sf. expression, Attennce: the 

act of uttering, delivery: that whioh is 

uttered or expressed. 

Enobouexllib, IMS. to make proud, to puff np». 

to elevate, to elate, to flnsb. 
^NOBOUEiLLiR (S'), vr, to bci proud, to fptow 

proud : to be puffed up. 
^NOBMB, adj, enonnous, excessive, great be- 
vond the common measure, prodigious* 
heinous, grievous. Un crime Storme^ an * 
enormous crime. 
&MOBMBMSNT, odv, euormously, excessively, 
beyond > measure, heinously. Enonn^flMiit 
crtminel, enormously criminal. 
KNOBMiTi, sf. enormity, enormoosness, great- 
ness beyond measure: atroc^ioosness, hein- 
oiisness : atrocious crime, flsgitioos viUsny. 
ENQuisANT, adj. inquisitive^ curious, sctive to 

pry into anything. 
EKQuiaiR (S'), vr* to inquire, to make inqniiy^ 

to ask questions for information. 
ExQufirs, tf, an inquest, an.inquiry, a search : 
judicial inquiry, an inquisition, an ofiicial 
examination. 
EMQufirxB (S'y, vr. to inqnire, to make in** 
quiry : to care for. Il ne s^enquSie de rien^ 
he cares about nothing. 
ENQviTBUB, tm. an inquisitor, a judicial exa-> 
miner, one appointed by a court of justice to 
9iake inquiries. 
Enbacinbr, va. or S'bnracivbr, vr. to taka 
root, to grow inveterate. Une haine enra- 
cinie, an inveterate hatred. 
EMRAci, fUTt. mad, enraged, desperate, furious^ 

provoked to madness. 
£nragbai9t, adj* enraging, vexing, provoking 

to madness. 
Enragbb, vn. to enrage, to run mad .- to be 
vexed or provoked. Un tkien enrag6, a mad 
dog. Faire enrager, to provoke in a high 
degree. 
Enraybb, va. and n. to trace the first Airrow : 
to put the spokes to a wheel, t6 lock a wheel, 
to trick or skid a wheel : to put an end to 
any excess. Votu itet nn vieux liberiin, U est 
temps d'enrayer, (Jam.) you are an old rake^ 
it is time for you to stop. 
Enbatvrb, tf, a trigger, the lock that stops 

the wheel : the first furrow (in a field). 
Enrboimentbr, va, to enroll, to embody^ to 

incorporate, to fitirm into a regiment. 
EnrAoistrembvt, em. registering, the act of 

registering, entry. 
Enr&oistreb, va, to register, to enter into a 

register, to record, to enroll. 
Emrhumeb, iw. to cause or giv« a cold. Le 
momdre hromliard m^enrhume, the lesst fog 
gives me a cold. Je stiis enrhumcdu cerveau, 
I have a cold in my head. 
EnbhuAbb (S*), vr, to catch cold. Je me tuU 

ewrkum^f I have got a cold. 
Enrxchxb, va, to enrich, to make rich, wealthy 
or opulent : to adorn, to embellish, to supply 
with any^thing splendid or ornamental. 



ENS 

SwRicHim (8*), vr« to grow rich, to thflr«« II 
, $*§mriekit aux iiptm 4m atilrM, he glows rieh 

at other people's ezpente. ^ 

£NsicBi3tBiiSNT, <m. earieiiijif » mskiDg opo* 

lent } ambellishment, ornament. 
£nb6lbmeiit, <m. enrolment, the set of enrol- 
ling or. enlisting : s roU, a registeri a veeord. 
£iib6lir, va. to enroll, to wnte in a roll or 

register, to record, to register : to list, to 

eijist. 
ENR^LEii (S*), vr. to enlist, to enlist oneself; 

to pQt one's name in a list. 
£nbdvbmbkt, fsi. hoavseness, harshness cr 

roughness of voice* 
Enroubr, va. to make hoarse. Cs tsaipt ibi»Ml<2< 

si's MTOMtf, this wet weather haa made me 

hoaise. 
Enbgueb (S'), vr.^to grow hoarse, U $*$tt 

•oreu^ ^ fire$ dt crier, he mads himself 

hoarse hy speakiBg so lood. 
^NBOuiLLBB, OS. to mske rastjT. 
Bnbouillbr (8'), or, to grow msty, to grow 

dull, to rust, 
I^NBooLBR, OS. to roll, to enroll, to wrap in. 
fiNSABLBMBNTfSiii. sgnds, hosp of ssikI. 
En8abi«£r, va, (sMir.) to run (ash|p) aground, 

to run upon a sand* ' 

Ensachbr, va. to put in a sack or bag. 
EysAisiNEMENT, Ml. (JuT.) seisin, inTOStnro. 
f^vsAisiuBB, t^, {jur») to vest, tQ invest 

with. 
EnSAVotANTBR, !»• to vmIm bloody, to cover or 

stain with blood* to iabrue n dronoh in 

blood. 
i^wsBioNB, im. a flag-bearar, the officer who 

mries the flag sr oolonis: (swr.) sooood 

lieutenant. 
^NsaiovB, {f« a muAi, % tehea* a sign, a signal, 

a symptom : a standard, colours : a sign, a 

sig»*post ; « party, Ermiptn dephtteu, fly* 

ing colours. A tellet enteignett by this token. 

Mtre lngi d. (o Wsis sfits^it*, to stfuid under 

tho-same predioament. 
Kmseionbmbut, f«i. instrttstion, prompt: doc- 
trine, information : (Jur.) a title, a proof: 

a voochoTt a doeunent, 
^NsmoNBR, va, to toaeh, to iostrocii to ^earn, 

to tell, to show, to direct to, Ennignn'moi 

le ektmiu de, pr^ ihow me the w^ to* 
£N8BLi.i, sdj> (nym*) diffcuH to taddle r sad- 
dle-backed. 
$^N8BMBLB, fm, ODsemblo, tbe whole of, ons 

with anotheri 
Ensbvblb, a4v. together, one will) another, 

jointly, conjointly, all at oopo« l^mii no 

tmnme9 pat 6is» faumblo^ there is a little coolr 

ness between us. 
I^nsbmbncbmbnt, fis* (s^«) the sowing of lands, 

tlie act of scattering seeds^ 
EwsEMBBCBR* iwt to SOW, to sci^ttor seedf, 
Ensbrbbr, «a, to oootaiAa to ooinpreheod» to 

enclose. 
Ensibvbmr, va. to put in a shipud, to bury. 
EifftBVBun (^S'), «f. to bury onefolf, (q be 

buried in. 
£|fSBVBLi8SBMiiiiT, im. tho pHttiug lu ^ «hroiid| 

burying, 

Bnsorcbi.i», vfh tQ iwwimif UiftoWi to {m^ I 
iro 



• « 

ofaiatOt to oMhaiit, to sobdno by oboaM st» 
sp^s : to throw a spell over, 

fiNsoRc^LLBMBiiT, fsi. bowitohing, witehoraft, 
cnarm, enchantment, the using of magte arts, 
spoils or eharms, 

Ensorcbleur, tm. 1 an enchanter, an enebant- 

Ensorcelbusb, «f. / ross, a bewitcbor, one 
who enchants, , a soroerer, a sorceress, a 
magician. 

Ensoufrbr, va.(Bay rather iowfrtryt to sulphu- 
rate, to anoint «r smoke with sulphur, to dip- 
in brimstone, to mix with brimstqae. 

Eksouplb, rf. 0' Ensublb, a roller, a weaver's 
beam. 

Ensuitb, adv. afterwards, then, a|lter, J/i 
tomktvent samiils, they fell afterwards. 

Ensuitb (de), prep, after. ERiuite do eola, on* 
tuito do quai, after which, after that. 

Ensuiva^it, adj. (6sr.) following, next. Lst 
*joiirs autttoanti, (otto.) the following days. 

Emsuivrk (S*), vr. and imp. to loUow, to ensue, 
to result, to spring or proceed from. II s'so* 
ouitt it follows thonee, ^'snruit-ti 911s I does 
it follow that 1 

EvTABLRMBVT, im. (orsk.) ontablomont, enta* 
blatnra, the architrave, friso and cornise of a 
pillar. 

EMTABI.BB (8*), vr. (sion.) is said of a hovse 
whose hips exceed his shouldera. 

Emt ACHBR, va, to taint, to infect. H ot$ outaeht 
do rtpMieanismo, he is tainted with ropnb-^ 
lioao principles. 

Ehtaillb or Entaillvre, i^. a notch, a jag» 

Entaillbr, m. to notch, to jagg, to nick. 

Entambb, va. to out. to nudie the irst cut, to 
break, to broach, to open: to begin, to enter 
upon. EntaMSs M pain, cut that loaf* £«« 
tamor la peav, to scratch the skin, £n^ai«r 
h' omvortatiant to open the convenation, 
^'snlasMs poj to ii(;ft, do not enter upon that 
subject. 

Entsvvrb, rf. a cut, the fint ont(of «k loaf, a 
ham and the like) : a small inoiaion. 

En tamt ove, cosj. as', ss lar as, as mnsh as. 
En tout qu'amit jo si'y €ppaoe, as a ihond, I 
oppose it. 

Ektassembnt, sm. a heap, an accnmulstion. 
Entauement do papior$, a heap of papen. 

Entassbb, va, to heap, to boap up, to throw or 
lay in a heap, to pile, to asssss, to accumu- 
late, to howd, to cumulate, Estosisr satis 
ordr^, to lumber, ENtassn* <2si Ire^sri, tp heap 
up treasuros. 

Ente, f^*,(sg.) a graft, a asion: a graftod tree, 
JFsirs mus sate, to graft« 

Enten dement, tm. undentaodiug, the fecuUy 
of thinking, ipteilect, apprehension : sense, 
judgment, 

KiiTSN DBV R , ss», one who underatiMMis, one who 
essily apprehonds, an inteUigont man. 

Entbkorb, OB, to hoar, to hearken, toporeoive 
by the ear ; to undepatand, to apprehend, to 
know : to listen, to attend to, tutondrow»l, 
to misunderstand. EuUndro 4 dsi»i-«iol, to 
viidofstan4 easily. JT'snieiidEs U Bmoo, I un- 
dentand the Russian language, Eorsai^re 
f«iion» to listm to ustMH, Vn knmM sot 
tondu, a akilful man. 



BNT 

aiMB» to ezpMt. Am'iMr a entendre, to gfra 
tonodanlud, to kiiit. 

Entbn DRB ^S'), or. to 1>e Uetrd : to nB4entaiid» 
to ba skilfnl in. S^mUmtdrt H quelqtte chose, to 
know how to do a thing. S* entendre en quel- 
pis ekme, to ba shillod in a tiling, to under- 
stand it well. S*entendre avee qtielqu*un, or 
stBply t'emtmidre, to understand one another: 
to collude with, to conspire in a fraud. Je 
m*enie»dM bUnt I know what I mean. Cela 
$*entend, tliat is understood, of course. 

EirrxNDu , part, and od/. heard, understood : to* 
t«Uigent : well-eontrived, perfeet in iu kind. 
Homme eiUendu uvx offeAree, a man of bufi- 
BOSS. It is also usecTsnbstaBtiT^y. Faire 
Ventemdikt to b^ conceited, tapretend to great 
thix^ Mat^HtsndM, a mistake, a misunder- 
standing. 

BiKM BNTwoQ, sdv. without doubt, unques- 
tionably, by all means. Bien enUnduque, 
cm;, upon oonditiou, ar provided that. 

EnTKirra, 9^*. meaning : akiU: Judgment, sense: 
disposition. Un mot & double entente, a dou- 
bU entandre, a word with a double meaning. 

Enter, va, to graft, to insert a scion or shoot 
into aaether trea. Enter en 4eu9ton^ to en- 
graft, to propagate by incision. 

£HTinxNsiiBNT, tm,(Jur,) a juridical approval, 
the ratifying of an act. 

SMTiBiNBR, «a. to grant, to approva : to pass, 
to confirm. 

VvTBRRnaiBiiT, em. inljprmant, the act of depo- 
aiting a drad bqdy In the earth .*^ sepiilture; 
fiineral, burial. 

BuTBRRBB, «0. to bury, to inter and cover with 
earth : to deposit and cover in the earth : to 
eanaeal, to keep sesret. EUe vom enterrera, 
she vrill outlive you. 

Ebtberbr (S*), vr. to retire. Tirmi m*enterrer 
darn un coin, I shall go and retire iato some 
comer or other. 

£iitAtb,4m{/. obstinate, stubborn: prepossessed, 
infatuated. It is also a substantire. C^ett une 
entetce, she is a most obstinate creatore. 

£xTiTBiiBNT» sm. stabbomacss, obstinacy, in* 
fiituation, prejudice, conceit. 

SKTiTBR, va, and n. to give the head-ache : to 
intoxicaU*. Le vin do Champagne entSte, 
Champaign wine ia heady. 

EimiousiASiiB, tm, enthusissm, heat of ima- 
ginatioB, axeitement of the mind, lapture, 
ecstasy. 

SiiTHdvsusiiBR, «4* to cause great admiration, 
to put in rapture, to transport. Je iuit en* 
thmuiannS da Jeu do Paganini, I am in rap- 
ture with Paganim's playing. 

EMTHOusiAsryit, sm. and/, un enthusiast, a par- 
son of aidant seal : a visionary, a Ihnatic. 

Enticbb, part, spoiled: {utdom ueed in this 
. snist) tainted or.lnlbctad with. EntiehS d*a* 
variee, tainted with avarice. 

Bbtiobbr, va. (an old v>ord enhf used in the par- 
tieiple past) to mar, to taint, to infect. 

BmsB, SM. (m«i4) integer, a whole number. 

BirriBB, c4^. entire, whole, full : aompleto, 
perfect: opiniated, abetiaata> aelf-wiU^. 
CkiBsl Miisr, a stsUiBn. 

in . 



ENT 

£BTin« (xm) adv. totallyi vhol]y, CD(jnly» 

completely, fullv. 

EntxAbbmbnt, oA, entirely, quite, wholly* 

EntItA, <f» entity, being, real euatanca, aiaal 
beiag. 

^NToiLAGB, m. a piece of linen sr muslin on 
which lace or the like is sewed. 

Ektoilbr, va. to put linen to a lace or diasa : 
to paate upon canvasa. Entoilar vn$ estampet 
to pssto a print upon canvass. 

Entoir, sm, a grafting knife. 

Kntoiskr, va. {arth.) to heap in asquara form. 

Entomolooib, tf, entomology, that part af 
■oology which Ueata of iaaaets. 

Entonnbmbnt, m. putting in a cask, barral- 
ling up. 

Entunneb, va. to put into a cask, to bafiel up: 
to tune or sing, to begin to sing : to put on a 
certain tune : (Jam,} to drink hard. 

Entonnbr (S'), vr, (speaking of the wind) to 
rush into. 

Ehtonmoir, tm, B ftnneli apSpSt a kind of hol- 
low cone. 

Emtobsx, tf, a spnin, a violent puU or twist, a 
wrench. Je metuis donn6 une entorse sm pied, 
1 have sprained my foot. 

Entortillbmbnt, sm. a wrapping, a urinding 
about 1 a twining, a twisting x parplaiity i 
obscurity. 

Entortillbr, oa. to wrap, to wind about, to 
twine, to twist: to entangle, to perpUz. 
Style entortHU, an obscure style. 

£NTovRAOB,ssi.a frame, that which surrouBda* 
Un enteuroge do diamants, a frame of diamonds. 

Entoi/hkk, va, to surround, to enoonpasa, to 
BBclose, to environ, to ham or shut in. Em^ 
tour 6 de gardes, surrounded by a guard* 

ENTOuna, sm, pi, the environs, the a4)ftoant . 
parts,, the adjacent country. Les entoure de 
Lomdret, thr environs of LondoD, or the ceuB- 
tiy round London. 

Ektb'aotb, fn« the time between the aota of a 
plaVf an Interlude, an intennede\ 

Entb'^apcusbb (S*), vr, to accuse one another. 

Ent'r'aiobr (S*), vr, to help or assiat one an- 
other. 

Entraillks, tf, pi, entrails, the internal parte 

, of animal bodies, the gute or intestines, the 
bowels: the internal parte : as, LeteHtrailtos 
de la terre, the entrails of the esrth : feeling, 
affectiun : as. Let entraiiles d^vno mere, the 
tender affection, or the feelings, of a mother. 

ExTR'ArMBR (S'), vr, to love ene aeother* to 
have a mutual affection for each other. 

EntraInaiit, adj, plcaaing, sedueingf aUui- 
ing. Un style ontrainamt, a most seducing 
style. 

ENTRAtsBMBNT, tm, the dragging oroafnring 
away, an attractive power : the state of the 
thing drawn away. Ventrahtemmit dot pat' 
sions, the seduction of passions. JjentrmnO' 
meat de V habitude, the force of habit. 

EntraIubb, va, to drag along, to cany BBray* 
to train, to draw along : to draw, to entice, 
to allure : to hurry away, ,to hurry along. 
Entrsdner dans I'erreur, to mislead. La pat' 
sion Va entralnie, she has been hurriad vmf 



ENT 

Entxant* adj. enifftgiBg, alloring. Homme fit- 

irantf an insinuating man. (Ac.) 
Enth' APPXI.BIL (S')y vr. to call one -another. 
Entravee, oa. to sbaclda, to fatter, to bind the 

feet with a chain : to oppose » to hinder, to 

restrain : to piixzle, to perplex. 
Entr'avertxr (S'), vr. to gire one another 

notice. 
£;«TR ATBs, ff. pi. ahacklea, fettera, chains (for a 

horse's If gs) : sing, and pi. obstacle, impedi- 
ment, restraint. 
Entrb, prep, between, betwixt, among,amongst, 

in the number : in, into. Entre mnu, between 

us. Enfreautrfs, among otliers* ErUreLondres 

et Paris^ between London and Paris. 
Entrb-raillr, adj. (is said of a door) a-jar, 

half-open., 
Entbb-baissr (S*) or. to kiss ,or embraoe one 

another, to exchange kisses. 
Ebttrx-battre (S'), or. to beat one aiiother, 

to fight together. 
Emtrb-blbsser, (S*), vr, to wound one another. 
Entrechat, lai. a caper, a cross^caper, a 

jump, «a leap. Battrt d$s mUrechats, to cut 

capers. 
Entrb-cherchxr (S^), or. to seek or look for 

one another. 
ENTRB-cuinxR (S'), or. to cherish one another, 

to lore one another dearly.. 
Ektbe-choqubr (S*), or. to knock, to beat, to 
. dash one against another : to oppose, to 

thwart, to contradict one another. 
Entrb-colomnb or bmtbb-colonnbmbkt, im. 

{ardi,) the space between the pillars, inter- 

columniation. 
Entrb-c6tb, jf. a piece of beef cut between the 

ribs. I 

EifTRXcovPBR, oa. to traTer8e» to cross: to 

interrupt, to break oflf: to part, to divide. 

Dm canatu ontroceujMMt le pay$, the country 

is intersected by canals, hes toupirs entre- 

ceuptdent met paroUt, sobs prevented me from 

speaking. 
ENTRX-nicRiRBR (S'), or. to tear one another's 

reputation. 
EMTRE-oiTRVXRB (S*), 1^. to dostToy ono an- 
other. 
Envrb-dbvx, tm. the middle space, a paititiQn> 

a space between two things. 
Entrx-donkbr (S*), vr. to give each other. 
Entrb- icRiRE (S*), to write to one another. 
ENTnii, sf\ entry, entrance, passage : access, 
admission, adinittance, introduction : a be- 
ginning : a duty (upon imported goods), a 
course of dishes. Avoir ion entree au spec- 

taele, to have free admission to the theatre. 

i4uotr Us entries, to have a free admission to 

the king. 
ENTRis (D'), ado. first* at first. D'entr^e de 

jeu, from the very beginning. 
ENTRB-iooROER (S*), or. to cut one another's 
throat. 

EltTRBFAXTBS (dafas COS OT SVLT COS) odv* OXp. 

meanwhile^ in the meanwhile* in the interim, 

during these transactions. 
Entrb-plattbr (S'), to flatter or adulate one 

another. 
1^— RE.pRAppBB (S')i or. to strike one another. 
17« 



ENT 

ENTBB*paoissBR (8')» or. to nib one another. 

ENtR£G£NT«<fii. (j'om.) acununcwayof push- 
ing oneself forward in the world, sharpness, 
cunning. > 

Entrs-orohobr (S')« or. to chide one, an^ 
other. 

Entre-iieurtbr (S*), or. to knock one against 
the other. 

Entrelacembnt, sm, an interiacing, an inter- 
mixing, an inserting between. 

Entrblaoeb, va. to interlace, to intermix, to 
put or insert one thing with another. 

Entrblacs, <m. things interlaced, knot within 
knot : threads, (wine, strings. 

Entrblarder, oa. to interlard, to mix, to in- 
termix, to diversify by mixture, to insert 
between. 

Entre- LiGNB, sf, interlineation, the act of in- 
serting words or lines between lines before 
written &r printed: Che words or line in- 
serted between. 

Entre-loubr (S'>. or. to pmise one another. 

Emtrb-hangbb (S)« 
another. 



or. to eat 1^ devour one^ 



ENTRB-MiLEB, oo. to intermingle, to mingle or 
mix together : to insert. 

Entremets, sm, by-dishes, side-dishes, the 
second course in a repast. 

Entrbmettbur, sm. la mediator, a mediatrix, 

Entb BMETTEU8E, sf. J R manager, a pijocurer, 
a procuress. It is always taken in an ill 
sense, in the feminine. 

Entremettrb CS'), or. to intermeddle, to 
meddle officiously, to interpose, to interfere, 
w intervene. 

Entremisb, sf. interposition, mediation, agency 
between parties, intervention. 

Entre-nuirb (8'), or. to hurt, to injure one 
another. 

Entre-parlbr (S'), or. to speak to one an- 
other, to speak together. 

Entrepas, tm, (man.) a broken amble. 

Entrb-pxrcer (S'), or. to run one another 
through. 

Entrbpont, sm. {mar.) between decks. 

Entes poser, oa. (com.) to lay (warea) in a 
storehouse, to store, to lay up. 

Entrbposbur, sm. an overseer, a clerk (in a 
storehouse). Enirepoteur de tabae, the mana- 
ger of one of the tobacco-offices. 

Entrepot, (com.) sm. smart, a ataple, astore- 
' housap a place where goods are deposited be- 
fore tney pay the duty. 

Entreprenaht, adj, enterprising, bold, dar- 
ing, venturesome. 

Ektrbprbndre, oa. to enterprise, to take in 

. hand, to undertake, to begin, to attempt : to 
perform, to engage to do, to venture upon : 
to set vipou, to fall foul of: to attack, to ban- 
ter or jeer. 

Entreprbndre, or. to attempt, to make an 
attempt : to encroach upon, to usurp. En- 
trfiprendre sur la liherU du people, to encroach 
upon the liberty of the people. 

Ektreprbnbvr, sm. an enterpriser, an under- 
taker, one who undertakes, a contractor : an 
architect, a master-bnilder. 

£ntb£pii&i« port, and odu undertaken : ein« 



ISNT 

bttnttedf fMssled, disooneattod : aiwkwird : 
impotent^ benambed. 

Entbj^bisb, tf. an enterprixe, that which is ' 
undertaken or attempted to" perform^ an un- 
dertaking, aproje(;t attempted : an encroach- 
ment, an attempt upon, a usurpation, 

£?rrnjB]i, vn, to enter, to go or come in, to pa^ 
into, to get in, to' walk in, to step in, to 
march into, to drop in, to run into :. to pene- 
trate : to share, to hare a share, to partici- 
pate, to be coocemed in. Entrtr $outiaine- 
meiU, to pop in. Ftiire entrer, to let in. 
J'«itr« pour un tiers, I share for one-third. 
J'eiUre dans vos ftines, I share in your 
tronbles. i,wtr€r enfurewr, to fly into a pas- 
sion. Enirer dans U monda, to make one's 
first appearance in the world, Entrer en pos- 
u$nant to take possession of. Entrer au ser- 
viee, to turn- soldier. Entrer en service or en 
condition, to go into sendee. 

Entre-rboabdjbii (S'), vr. to look at one an- 
other. 

£MTRB-RBPONj>mB (S'), vr, to answer one an- 
other, 

Entbb-salver (S')f vr, to bow to each other. 

Entbe-sbcoubib (S'), vr. to assist one another. 

Entbbsol, in. a suite of rooms between two 
iloors, chiefly above the ground-floor. 

Entbb-sovrcxe., sm. the space between the eye- 
brows. 

£NTRB-souTENiB(S'),9r.to support one another. 

Entrb-suivbe (S'}, vr. to follow one another, 
to follow in succession or successively. 

£ntbb->tailleb (S*), vr. {man,) to stnke one 
heel against the other (speaking of a horse). 

EifTBE-TAiLi.vBB, sf, (imsA.) B cut ou the leg. 

EvTBBTEMPS, tin. spsco of time between two 
events or two actions, meantime, meanwhile. 

£NTRBTBi(BMENT,<fii. {bar) maintenance, keep- 
ing. 

Edtbbtbmir, va, to bold fast together, to keep 
up : to defrayf to keep, to maintain : to 
keep in repair, to keep in good order: 
to talk or converse with : to preserve, to 
cherish: to amuse, to divert. Entretenir 
Us ekemms, to keep the roads in repair. En- 
tretenir Vunion et la pais, to keep in peace 
and harmony. 

£irrRBTBNin (S'), vr. to keep or maintain one- 
self: to continue, to hold, to subsist: to 
speak of or about, to converse with : to 
amuse or divert oneself. S'entretenir de baga* 
teUes, to talk aboat trifles. 

EMTRETiBif , 'mi. maintenance, keeping : con- 
versation, discourse, conference, cualogue. 
Emtretie»s sptritttels, pious conversations. 
L'entretien de ses enfants Ivi eotite beaw^p, 
the maintenance of his children is of great 
expense to him. 

Entbr-toile, sf. cut work, open work to join 
two pieces of linen, instead of a seam. 

EwTRETOisR, ff'. a -transom, a twart beam or 
lintel over a door. 

£iiTR'oviRy va, to overhear, to hear imper- 
fectly. 

EirrRR-TovcnER (S'), vr. to touch one another, 
to be contiguous to. 

Evtbb-tubr (S*), vr. to kill each other. 
173 



ENV 

£ntbsvoi& (S'), vr. to see one another, to 
meet, to have an interview with : to visit 
one another. 

£ntr*ouvert, part, and adj. half open, ajar. 

Entb'ouvrxr, va. to open a little, to open half 
way, to ride. Entr*ouvrir une ports, to put a 
door upon a jar. 

Entr'ouvrib (S'), vr. to open, to unclose it- 
self : to get. a httle open, to gape. 

ENTREVoiRt va. to W0fi but little, to discover 
imperfectly, to have. a glimpse of, to have an 
impet^ct idea or notion of. 

EntrevouS| sm. {arch.) the place between two 
joists. 

£^TR'oBLI0ER (S*), vf. to obligo, or serve, 
each other. 

Enturb, sf, {ag.) a graft, grafting. Entures, 
p/. pegs. 

Enumeration, sf. enumeration, the act of 
telling a number by naming each particular : 
a recension, an account. ■ 

Bnumbrer, va, to enumerate, to Count or tell 
number by number, to reckon a number of 
things, each separately. 

En YAH I R, va. to invade, to enter as an enemy, 
with a view to conquest or plunder : to over- 
run, to take by force, to seize violently upon, 
to usurp. Envahir Vawtoriti royals, to usurp 
the king's authority. 

Envahissehent, sm, an invasion, a hostile en- 
trance into the possessions of another : an 
attack on the rights' of another : a violation, 
ah infringement. 

Envahisseur, sm, (a new word) an invader, an 
encroacher, an intruder, one who infringes 
the rights of another. 

Cnveloppant, ads. (a tuw word) enveloping, 
inwrapping, folding around. 

Enveloppe, sf. an envelop, a wrapper, an en- 
closing cover, an outward case, an integu- 
ment, a cover. 

Enveloppbment, sm. an evelopment, a wrap- 
ping, an enclosing or covering on aU sides. 

Enveloppeb, va, to wrap up, to inwrap, to 
surround entirely, to hem in : to cover, to 
ibid up : to involve, to join, to imply, to 
connect : to intangle, to involve in : to dia- 
semble, to disguise. 

Envelopper (S ), vr. to wrap oneself up, to 
involve oneself in. 

Envenimer, va. to envenom, to poison, to taiot 
or impregnate with poison : to make odious, 
to put a maUcious construction upon : to 
provoke, to enrage^ to exasperate. 

Envebguer, va. (mar.) to bend the sails at 
the yard. , . ^ 

Em vbrgurb, sf. (mar.) the bending of the sails, 
tibeir length, breadth, and tlie Uke. 

En VERS, sni. the wrong aide (of a piece of 
stuff). A Venvers, adv. the wrong side out- 
ward. Avoir V esprit d {*enveirs, to be wrong- 
headed. 

En VERS, pr. towards, to. Je Vai dtfendu envers 
et contre-tous, I have defended him against 
one and all. Are charitable envers Us pauvres, 
to be charitable to the poor. 

.Envi(A,l'), ai2v. emulously, with emulatioif, 
with a wish to excel, vying with one another. 



£rttife, »f. M^, Mdtt or diMonte&l AMtsd ky 
thefeigfatof flnotAdr's sitperiDrity o»* sike«ss : 
mind, desire, longing, fancy : a mole, t flaw : 
k litde looee tim &t tike root of <i indl : n 
spot er tiMrk on the httmnn bodr ftcm whleh 
oheft iMoMi bfiif. iltmVeAvftf^ife, toha^ea 
mind of. Bruter, mcurir <<>Mf)fe, to long 
migfatily. Jt n*tti guirt tnvii d$ tire, I htire 
no great liind to laugh. Il a gmnde ehvh de 
tfoM wAtt be has a (^reat denre to see )roii. 
6f Viikvit ltd Bnprind, elk Is ftra, if the hu- 
mour take her, bhe will do it. « L'en^te lul en 
9ti ptMh, bef Itmging ii overt £lfo iVn ett 
pot»6 Venviet she has satisfied her longing. 
jRnvie defmme gtdtee, a Woman's longing. 

Envikr, tNi. to envy, to feel pain, uneasiness 
0f dtscoiitent at the sight of anotber't supe- 
riority, success or happiness : to be uneasy 
at, to gnidge : to long or wish for, to desins, 
to httcj^ * J*e««itf voire tro^iqAiUitif, I wish I 
were as cool as you are* 

Btfnsvky dtdj. enrioat, fceling or hatlxraring 
eoTy» 

Environ, vrep. and ado. about, nearly, there- 
libOttt, almost. Environ deux lieuett about 
two leagues. Bnviron milte hommet, nearly 
one thoosttUd inen. 

SnvtIioks, mm. pU enviroui, the adjfteent parts. 
Let environe de LondftSi the environs of 
London. 

ElMviitdifNfiii, va, to environ, to turtound, to 
ettcompliss, to encircle ; hM, UnepUdne enoi- 
ronnte de moniagnet, a plain envirtined with 
mountaine! to staudt about, to beset, fnvi- 
ronwi dt gloin, coveted with -glory. 

Envisagek, va, to look or stare in the fiice, to 
fhlM, to eye, to look at : to consider, to view 
or examine attentively. Envitager le danger 
de tangfroid, to look coolly upon danger. 

ISNvot, Milt ft tending (of persons or thing8)-a 
message: an errand. 

Efrvott^EU fB*), vr. {tpeaHng if iron or fleet) to 
Warp, to bend. 

ENVoiBiNit, adj: having neighbours, ttre Hen 
envoitM^ to have a good neigbbouthpod. 

ENvoLsa (S*), vr, to fly away, to disappear. 

ENVOvit, tm. im entby, a foreign minister of a 
rank inferior to that of amiMsiador : a de- 
puty, ft diploufttic agent. Venvoyi de Dieut 
the messenger of God. 

Envdvkii, w. to send, to dispftteh itorsoiis or 
things from one place to a&otheri to dispatch, 
to emit. Envo^er ekef^er or quirirt to send 
for. Envoy er en Cautre tnonde Obm.) to kill. 

ipACTB, tm. epact', the motiber of years added 
to the lunar year, to make it equal to the solar. 

ii»A0!f£i7t, nn. a ftpaniel» a kind of dog origin- 
ally from Spain. 

ipAis, tm. thitknefts, the thick part of a thing. 
Sit poueet d'rpaic, sit inches tniek. 

■fa 18, iu(/. thick, dense: turbid, muddy, not 
clear: cloee, solid, crowded: bul^, not 
slender : dull, heavr* not quick. Un ftnwtf- 
lard ^U, a thick fog. £s^t ^if , intelli" 
gence Spaiue, a heary wit, a dull comprehen- 
sion. Avoir la lan^e ^iue, to speftk thick. I 

ipAfs, adv. thick* oemer trap ^pais, to ftowi 

too thick. I 

174 



KM 

ftfftlftilVfti if. thtftknefts, d«MttT) MOIMIMft. 

U^paitteur d'un boitt the de^ of ft Wood. 

L'ipditeeur de Vahrt dee hmUUim!s, the den* 

ftily of the ftir, the thickness of the fbgt* 
Epaissib, «s. to thiclcen, to mftkethioki to oon- 

dense, to make closOi to oondeusate. 
fcpAfisiiii OH. to thiokteit to grow thiok or 

close* 
ftpAisstn (S*), «r. to thiekeH^.tO gtOW thick, 

heavy or cloudy* Son eeprit t*^init, he 

g^rowB dull. 
ilPAiBsiiSEitctft, sm^ thickening, oondeniation, 

the state of fluids made picker : thiokneas. 
ftpA^pftRMKNT, tfn^ the lopping of the leafy 

branehes of a vine* 
^pAMPuaa, eai to strip ft rine of ftupeffluous 

leaves. 
ikpANCiicvftfiT, MN. pouring out* shedding, 

eflPusioui ipandteeMnt de tangf de Mis, an 

overflowing of blood or of bile> ^panehement 

de eestir, an efiiasion of the heart. 
Bpancbbr, va* to pour out, to shed« to spill. 

£paaeker eok eceur, to opOn one's heiirt. 
&PANCHER (S*), vr, to overflow, to exuberftte, 

to get diffnfeed : to speak openly and without 

reserve, to disdose one's heart. 
RpAMOttoiBt •*!» ft gutter«liole, a dtain. 
^PANDue, va, to pour out, to thmw here and 

there, to soatteri to ftpread ahouit, to sow. 
Epandrb (^S'), vr, to be scattered or diapetsed, 

to 8pr6ftd» to bo aproftd about. 
BpANOvtft, fNi. to blow» to cauae to blow or 

bloom. La ehaUur ^lumit k$ fleai^t the 

beat oftuses the flowers to blossom. ^pUMeutr 

Id rate, to moke one oheorftal or morry. 
Bpanouib (8')i vr» to blow or open. Cette 

roee eommewee k i*ipanotiir, thftt roee begins to 

bloom t to grow ebeerful, ftfti Son vieage, 

tommenfa d e*ipa»emir, his or her Ihce began 

to cheer up. 

JlPANOUlSBE)lglfT» MU tho blowiug M* IlloSftOBI- 

ing of flowers. ' i^ponouiffMsiit de efttir, 
mirth, eheerfulness. 

BPABkR (8')> vr. (ftittn.) to kick, to fling the 
hindlegs. 

kpARcn AVT, «<(/• Mi^itig, pftiuiaoBiouSi ftpftring. 

ftpAtiOBE, if, parftlmony, ftaving, aavingn^ss, 
fru^ity. Uter d^epqrgne, to Bave» to be 
saving. JSparpie dn tempe, dee mottt the sav- 
ing of time, of words. FormeHy* the public 
treaaury. Avet ipa^gnet adv% savuiglyy 
soantily. 

l^PARGNER, va, to flfttrft, to ftpftro, to lay up, to 
reserve, to lay in reaervo : to uao with mild- 
BOBS, to treat with eompftiiaioB or pity. 

' fyargner le tempt, la ptiiis, to aave time or 
tnmme. Ne m*ipargne% pott d je pnie vou$ 
Hre bon k f utflfus ekout do not spare me, if I 
>can be of some service to yo^. II BVpurgne.. 
p^ffMiNt, he Bpaioa nobody* 

ipAReNBB (S'), vr, to spare, to bo sparing, to 
try to avoid'. S'^tifusr det eoint, iu ekagrin, 
to save oneself cares or trouble. 

ilpABPiLLBMBMr, ««• ft Bcfttteriug, ft diipott- 

BpABPtLi.BB, «a. to sifttter, to ipread Aont, to 
throw here and there, ipatpwer die fU'^rtt 

to fpMd ftlbMt iowotft* 



iftfB, mth difllMif ell«d hair. 
&MftT^ iM. A Mfid of nA (ibr h«np«tii). 
tpAiTiii, or ^PKRViti, fm. (vet.) a apavlh, a 

Uny ettfeiMHbe on the insitlo of a hon»'0 

EpATft» m(^. lattanea. Un vtrte ipttS, IL gluto 
without a foot. Un ties ^t^, abroad, fiat 



ipkrtn (mt vefro)) iMt. to bnak the foot df a 

ftpioLAto, Ml. (imt. pA{.) oik, orc^, ft Hon of' 
MphtB. 

WAD LI, j^. ahoulderj the joint which Connects 
the arai to the neck. Ume ^nU de ve&u, de 
mouion, a ahoulder of teHl or mutton. Da 
Spauks fafgts, btoad ah6uklet9. Mtttrt de- 
kon par fe> fpauUs, to tnrti ont ahatnefollj. 
Rggtrder fur dos«< T^patlte^ to look Upon 
with contempt. Lever or hatuser Us ipaulet, 
t5 shnig ttp one'a ahottldera. Petter tut* Us 
<fpeuUs, to be annot^d by, td be tited of. 
JMiHier 9p t.up d*iipduki to help or aMsist. 
A^arair wss Us rpaiiUs asses Jvrttsi to be inca- 
^Ue or, not to have sumcient strength «^ 

^ ulentsv 

KPADLie, «f. k striving With the ahotilddf : 

^ fofoKjaottM' t>f A sbeepk 

BpAi7LKX£iiT» m. (/vrt.)atiepati1emistit, a side- 
work, a wDrkto tover sidewiae^ made of 
gftbions, faaeinee or bag* of earth, a tetni- 
bastioD, a square orilloii t %. shotildeHnj^piece 
•fcorett. 

EpAOLftik, ee. to bfeak a qnadhiped's ftbb^lder, 
to pat the flbonlder out of Joint : to prop; to 
sapport, to help, to connt^nance, to bacic, to 
assiat. Je isnks i^ttlehf t, I will support rott. 

BpA«LrrTB, rfi an epanlet^ « shoulder^piece, 
an onameiital badge WorA on the shoulder 
b/ military men, snd sometines by s«rtanti. 

ipAvtiAafe, {fi (mt(.) a shoulder-pieoe, that 
pert of a horsefiian'B armour that corers the 
ihoiddert 

I^AVB, tttlf. ttt«y%d» CAsvitI, hr^is i^ve, 
a ttrayea Itotae trr ahe^ (whose owner is 
ankiMiwii). 

fcpAvn^ sf. p/. (Mctr.) ilotsott^ HoteaAi or fbat- 
isn, goods that swim, without sn owner, on 
the let, wrMks. 

kpEAVTBB, ff. Spelt, a kind of com. 

Epbb, ^. n Bwtnd, a weapon Used either In 
ctMhig of tfarusring : a swordsman, one who 
Btolxs a rfWordk U^fpfit htfmsne d^fp^e, the 
military, a military man. Une behnt ^pfe, a 
coed sWbvdinnSii. Neiirt X^ip^'h ta Mnkitt, to 
draw t)ie- sword. Sft N>ttr« a fi^e, to fight 
wiih iwords. Pfttser qutUju'un Cfp^e dans Us 
reins, to fo^se one tb do a thing. N^^ttehr que 
U eapset Ti^p^.to hate no other fortune than 
oae's sword. Empcrter d &i pm'nttf de V^pH, to 
oMrfu Widi IKueh ado : {naU fttst.) a swotd- 

iptLftt, VS. to Spell. ipiUr Mai, to tnisspell. 
iftaBtr, adf.disthay^d, nigfatened, astonished, 

aamaed, astoimdeid, terri^ed : distracted (by 

ftHoltbtpsisioti); 
spiftov«aitt,adv. Titiikitttly, passionately, dis- 

ttmti^, niily, fittvsttily , wildly 



i^ftALAit, Ml. (H ste^fts^) smelt. 

^pBROfi, iiM^ aspuri a'buttresi! wHukteslfi the 
oomer of the eye* N 'd wir ni he^neke «il 4»cnm, 
to halve neither wit nor oonr age. Awif plus 
hesoinde bride ifued*£per<m, to require b«ing 
curbed aodlier th«n spurred. Lh ipttms 
d*fm sof, the gables of « cock. Les ^pSrotke 
d*un chUn, the daws of H dOg. 

si^BftoNtfA, paH. and dd/i sputrMt^ Un esp 
^peronnit s gsfflsd cbokb Unejknr €permn^€, 
a stellated flower. 

Cpbroknbr, Mi to spur, to spur oh, to exdte. 

BpsnoMMfitt, MR. a spurrier, a spuvmaker, a 
lorrlner or loriner: a saddler. 

Epervibr, sm. (a bird) a Spant>WhsiWk t U 
sweepnet. 

^pnAitkas, erf;, ephemeral, ephefltetic, diur- 
nal, oontinuing amd existing one day only. 

K^HiNiaibBS, ^'. p2i (nst.) ephemerides, aool- 
lection of tables exhibiting the plscee of all 
toe planets etery dAy. 

Bpbod, «si. ephod, a kind ei girdle wont by th« 
Jewish priests* 

B^itoasb, Ml. pi, Ephori, Laoedenottian tnalris*- 
trates chosen by the people, and inteadsjf as 

. a check on,tbe regal power. 

Bpi, Ml. an eiu- Of spike (of cbtn). lAs htfs tent 
en ipi, the ceTn is in ear* 

BPicBt sfs Spice, au aromatic Bubstsnee used ili 
sauces. Pain d^ipice^ gingerbrsadt .^Stpice 
Uanthe, pounded ginger^ £pUH^ pf. law- 

, yers'foest 

BpicftDE, Ml. epieede, ft Attietul song or die* 
coorse^ 

l&picKNB, «tdf. epifeene, Mmon to boUi loites, 
of both kinds. 

RpfcBR, tu. to spibei to seftlon With sploes* 

BpicntitE,sf» spieet^, spites t grooefy, all sorts 
of grocery wares, including sugar, Mffee, 
drugu, bnd the like* 

Epicier, mi. 1 a spic6>, one who deals iniipiees, 

spictftRB, af*. J a grocen 

BPftUfttBN, Mti in epioufet an epicutuan, a fol- 
lower of Epicurus : a man devoted to semlUal 
enjoyments* Vnfr&nc fpktnritn^ a tme epi- 
eurtMU. 

&ptm7fttB)r» e€Jf\ epicureatt, peMaintng to Spi- 
cufust Toluptuous, luxurious^ girsft to 
luxury. 

fcpicuRksat«,Mi.thedottfinesof Epicurus ! lux- 
ury, YuluptuousnesB, seusuul enjoyments* 

6i»iOYCLfe, Ml. j(oW.} epioyetOi a little uiAcle, 
whose centre is in the oireuttference of a 
greater eircle. 

ipiOBMiE, «f. ah epidetaiie disease, a conta- 
gious disorder whieh eeiseft u great number 
of peo^tle at the seme time. 

^piD^MfdVie, o^;* ei^demic, epidemies^^ oom- 
non to many people, contagious, geuelully 
preTailifig,as : JR^> sm( ^pi^AntfUS) au epi- 
demic ra^, «n epraemie oYil* 

^pittBRrte, im. epidermis, the eutide or scarf- 
skin of the body : a thin Ineinbrme eoturing 
the butk of plants^ 

£i»i£ii, INT. to espy, to spy, to look narrowly, to 
lock ftboot, to watch! to observe t to pry 
ihtoi l^ier U smnhsuI, to witch for an op- 
pottuttUy. 



EPI 

ipisB, on* to Mr, to ajioot into otn. £« M^ 
eommgnee d ipUr, whMt begiiu to ear. 

ipijBRRSR, va. to clear of stonea. ipUrrer un 
* champ, unjardin, to clear of atones a field or 
garden. 

Bpiau, <m. aboar-apear, a javelin. 

krioASTRR, sm. (anat,) epigastrium, the middle 
part of the epigastric region. 

ipiOASTRiQus, adj, epigastric, pertaining to 
the upper part d the abdomen. 

Kpioramm ATiQUB, adj. epignmmAtic, epigram- 
matical, suitable to epig^rams,. belonging to 
epigrams, like an epigram : concise, poignant, 
as : iStv^f etprit ^grammatique, epigramma- 
tic style or wit. ' 

' 6piorammati8tb, tm, an epigrammatist, one 
who composes epigrams: a writerof epigrams. 
^ Epioeam MB, sf\ an epigram : {among tlte Greeks) 
an inscription on a tomb, a atatue, and the 
like: (^among %a) a lively, ingenious, and 
pointed thought, mostly expressed in reree. 

£pigraphr, gf» an epigraph, an inscription on 
a building, a motto on a title-page. 

&PILATOIEE, 04/. depilatory, taking away the 
hair, 

.EpiLBPSXE, ^. (phy») epilepsjT, the falling sick- 
ness, a oisease accompanied with nerroos 
convulsion^ and loss of sense. 

ip^LEPTiQUB, m. and/, an epileptic, one af- 
fected with epilepsy. 1 

&PILBPTIQIJE, adj, epileptic, pertaining to the 
falling sickness, affected with epilepsy. 

]^pxLBR, va* to depilate, to take off the hair. 

Epilogue, tm. epilogue, a conclusion, the clos- 
ing partof a discourse or of .a poem. 

EpiLOGUER,va. to criticise oranimadvert upon, 
to censnre, to carp at, to find fault with. Tu 
^pili^uet tur tout, you find iiftult with every 
thing. 

Epilogueur, sir. one who always fiuds fault 
with, a fault-finder, a critic. 

Epinards, tm. pi. (a cuUnary plant) spinage. 
Frange a grainet d*cpinarisf a finnge with 
tassels. 

&PIN901R, sm. a pavior'a hammer.. 

&PINE, tf. a thorn, a prickle (adherent to certain 
planta) : a thorn-bush : pain, trouble, afflic- 
tion, anything troublesome. J^pin« blanche, 
whitethorn, hawthorn. £pine noire, black- 
thorn. £pine du dot, the spine, the backbone. 
spinet, pi, obstacles, diflficulties, intricacies. 
it^ tur let Spinet, to be upon thonis. 11 ii*y 
a point de rote tant tpinet, there is no rose 
without thorns, or no pleasure without pain. 

Iepinb-vinettb, sf. a barberry-bush. 

J^piNBTTB, tf. a spinet, a sort of harpsicord : % 
cage to keep fowla in : the Canada fir-tree. 

&PIKEUX, ad^. spinous, spiny : thorny, full of 
thorns, prickly, braky: knotty, intricate, 
difficult, perplexing : nice. Affaire ipineute, 
an intricate business. Homme ^pineux, a man 
difiieult to plesse, a peevish man: (mar.) 
rocky, above water. 

&PINGLE, tf. lipin, a small pointed instrument 
made of wire and headed, used fori*astening. 
Attacker avee une tpingle, to pin, to fasten wiUi 
a pin. *Jouer aiix Ringlet, to play at push- 
pins. Tirer $an Spingle dujeu, to get oneself- 

ire 



EPI 

eafe out of a scrape. TM k quatre ^pk^kip 
(/ant.)dre8sed with great affectation. £pitigUs, 
pi. premium, good-will, a present to a seUer^s 
wife. ' • 

cpiKGLETTE, if. (a dim. of 4pingle) a pmning- 

^ wire. 

Epinoliee, tm. a pin-maker, a pin-aeller. 

kpiviknt, aty. u^inaX, pertaining to t£e spine 
or backbone. 

Epiphanib or Jour dbs Rois, tf. Epiphany, 
the twelfth day, a Christian festival, cele- 
brated in commemoration of the appearance 
of our Saviour to the magians who came to 
adore him. 

Epique, aty. epic, heroic, pertaining to the 
epopee or heroic poenu 

Episcopal, adj. episcopal, belonging to or 
vested in bishops, as : Juritdiction, autorit^ 
ipiteopale, episcopal jurisdiction* episcopal 
authority. 

EPiscopAT, tm. episcopacy, episcopate, a hi- 
shopric : the office and dignity of a bishop. 

Episcopaux, tm, pi. the high churchmen, the 
adherers (in England) to the episcopal church. 

EpiscopxsERy vn. (obt.) to aspire to a bishopric : 
(fam.) to assume the airs of a bishop. 

Episode, tf. an episode, an incidental narrative 
or digression, separable from the main sub- 
ject, but naturally arising from.it. 

Episooiqub, adj. episodic, episodical, pertain- 
ing to an episode, contained in ad episode or 
dig^ssion: accessory. 

EpisPASTiiuB, «((;. (phy>) epispastic, drawing, 
blistering, attracting the humours to the skin. 

Epissbr, va. (mar.) to splice, to join the two 
ends of a rope without a knot. 

Epissoxr, tm, (mar.) a marling apike. 

Epibsure, tf, (mar.) a splice, the act of joining 
the two ends of a rope without a knot. 

Epistolaire, <m. an ancient writer, whose 
epistles have been collected: a writer of 
epistles. 

£pi8TOLAiRB, adj. epistolarv, pertaining to 
epistles or letters : suitable to letters, as : 
Style ^pittolaire, an epistolary style. 

&PITAPUB, tf. epitaph, an inscription on a mo- 
nument, in honour or memory of the dead. 
ElUfera votre tpitaphe, she will burv you. 

lIpiTASE, tf. epitasis, the progress of the plot in 
a drama. 

ispiTB, tm. (nuir.) a small pin or wedge. 

fipiTALAMB, tm. epithalamy, epithalamiom, a 
nuptial song or poem in praise of the bride 
and bridegroom. 

^piTH^TB, tf. an epithet, an adjective, an attri- 
bute expressing some quality. Vert enftit 
d*epithetet, verses overloaded with epitheta : 
(Jam.) an injurious appellation. 

EPiTix Y MB or Ikpith YMOK, tm, (a parasitic plant) 
epithyme, the dodder. 

Epi-voge, tf. a cloak over the toga worn by the 
ancient Romans. 

^piToaf B, tm. epitome, an abridgment, a brief 
summary, an abstract of any book or writing, 
a compendium. 

^pfTRE, tf. an epistle,.a missive letter (among 
the ancientb) : a letter in verse (amoxig the 
modems). EpIUret det apotret, de yiine, de 



EPO 

Cietrni, the epittM of the apostles, of Pliny, 
of Cioeio. hpitre didieatoiref a dedication, 
anaddxess. 

Bpitrope, sf, (rk0t.) epitrope, epitropy, a con- 
OMtton, a figfure bj which a thing is granted 
with a view to ohtein an adTantage. 

Bpiaoonx, tf, epizooty, a murrain or pestilence 
among irratxooal animals. 

Epizootiqvb, ad{j- epizootic, pestilential. 

Spi^ai, adj, all in tears, hatiied in tears. 

Bplvohsm ENT, jm. picking, the art of picking 
cutting off, thinning. 

EPLvcRxa, va, to pick, to cull, to pick ont of 
many: to cat off what is spoiled or useless, 
to pare, to dean : to scan, to sift, to examine 
nicely^ to eeareh into. Jijdudur de la aalade, 
to clean salad, fyluiker la eonduUe de quel- 
pi'um, to sift, to search into, one's conduct. 

BPLvcnairR, mi.'l a picker, one who picks or 

Bplvcheusx, ^. j culls. Un 6pluehew de 
wtots, a picker of Wfj/ria, a fault-finder. 

BPLvcHoia, jm. a little knife used in picking. 

BpLucavax, sf, a picking. It is mosUy usedin 
th0 plural. 

Bpodx, ^ epode, the third part of a lyrio poem, 
thatwhieh follows the strophe and antistrophe: 
a short Terse placed next to a long one. Les 
ipodnd^HeroM, Horace's epodes. 

Bpointbb, m. to blunt, to take off the point. 
^EipcinterwiM aiffuiUet to blunt a needle. Ch$- 
val fpoint£y a horse that has sprained his 
haunches. Chim cpnntS, a dog whose thigh 
is broken. 

Bpointu ee, tf, (vet.) hipshot. 

BpovoE, tf, a spunge or sponge, a light, soft, 
^ and porous substance, a kind of moss. Pa$' 
ter i eponge mr «na ehote, to cancel, to blot a 
thing : to pardon, to forget. 

Bpokgbr, va. to sponge, to wash or clean with 
a sponge. 

EPoivQTEa, flu. one loaded with sponges. (La 

FOMT.) 

ipoNTiLLEs, tfopl. (mar.) Stanchion, prop, shore. 
BpoNTiLLER, va. (mar,) to prop, to shore. 
Bpopis, tf, epopee, an epic poem : the subject 

of an epic poem. 
ipOQUE, tf. {ehr,) epoch, a fixed time or period 

inhimory. 
ikpovDREE, va, to dust, to wipe, to brush the 

dost off. 
ipovppsa (S'),vr. (obs. and pop.) to steal away, 

to scamper away. 
ftpouTLLXB, «a. (pjf>) to louse, to dean from 

lice. 
6poui.e, tf. (mar.) a spooK 
BpouaoaNRR (S'), vr. (Jam.) to -wear out 

one's lungs. Jt mt tuit epoumowni h luifairt 

c wH p wrw drc <pu, I tired my lungs to make him 

UDderstand that. 
fepoosAiLLEfl, tf. pi. espousals, the celebration 

of marriage, marriage, wedding. 
&POV8E, tf. a spouse, a woman joined in mar- 
riage, a wife, a consort, 
ipoosis, ff. a bride, a woman just married or 

on the point of being married. Par^e comme 

amecpouaedo viUago, (sneeringly) dressed out 

aa a eountiy-bride. 
Krovna, vo« to esp<mAe> to betn>tb> to engage 

irr 



EPU 

in maniage, to marry, to wed, to take in 
marriage : to espouse, to emjl)race, to take ta 
oneself with a yiew to maintain, as : Epouser 
la querelle, le parti d'un autre, to espouse the , 

^ quarrel, the cause, of another. 

Bpousbur, tm, (fam.) one who courts with an 
intention to marry. 

JEPoossBTER, va. to dust, to brush, to brush off 
the dust : to beat, to bang, to handle roughly. 

Epoussbttb,*^'. a brudi, a duster, a dusting rag. 

Epouvantable, adj. frightful, terrible, im- 
pressing terror or alarm : tremendous, ghast- 
ful, dreary, horrible, abominable, dreadful* 
hideous : strange, incredible, extraordinary. 

Epouvantablement, adv. frightfully, terribly, 
in a ^ manner to impress, terror, dreadfully, 
horribly, shockingly, abominably : strangely, 
surprisingly. Elle est 6pouvantablement laide, 
she is shockingly- ugly. 

EpouyANTAiL, «m. a scarecrow, a bugbear : a,. 
thing frightfully ugly, ^pouvantailt, pi, sea-' 
swallows. 

Bpouvante, tf. fright, terror, sudden and yio* 
lent fear, am-ightment, alarm. Semer V^peu-* 
vaate, to spread terror. Donner V^pouvante, 
to frighten. 

EponvANTBB, va, to fright, to ftighten, to ter- 
rify, to scare, to alarm suddenly, to put in a ' 
fright : to daunt, to dismay. 

Epouvanter (S*), vr. to be frightened, to be 
terrified, to be suddenly alarmed with danger. 

Epoux, sm. a spouse, a man joined by marriage, 
a husband, a bridegroom. Les 6poux, pi. a 
married couple. 

Bprbindre, va. to squeese out, to strain, to 
wring, to press. 

Eprbintbs, tf. pi, (phy.) tenesmus, a mo- 
mentary needing to go to stool. La bilo 

^ cause dies Spreintes, bile gives the gripea. 

Eprbndrb (S'), vr. (mostly used in the partm 
past) to be smitten, enamoured, charmed, 
captiyated. Epris d*amour, enamoured. 

Eprbuve, «/. proof, , tri|il, test, experiment: 
t^ptation, affliction: a proof (the rough 
draught of a print). Une Mooonde £preuva 
(with printeri) a revise, tprewoe avant la 
lettre, a' proof-print. Mettre a ViprtuvOt to 
put to the test. Prendre a l*6preuve, to take 
upon trial. Faire V&preuve de, to try. C(yr-> 
rigtr une 6preuve, to correct a proof. A 
Vipreuve, adv. exp. proof. A toute £preuve, 
proof against anything. 

(Bpeis, part, of ^prendre, enamoured, charmed. 

ifcpBOu\EB, va, to prove, to try, to make ex- 
periment of: to put to a test, to essay, to 
. experience, to know by practice or trial : to, 
be sensible of. Eprouver un grand change'* 
montf to experience a great change. 

^PBOuvBTTB, tf. (cki.) a probo : a gunpowder- 
prover. 

Eptaoone, sm. (geom.) heptagon, a figure con- 
sisting of seven sides and as many angles. 

i^pucBR, tMi. to clear from fieas. 

^puisABLB, ad;', exhaustible, that may be ex- 
hausted or drained off. 

iipuiSEiiENT, «m. exhaustion, an, exhausting: 
the state of being exhausted or emptied : 
weadng ovlX, wasting, &iotness, weariness. 

N 



EQU 

VipwUmm dn finmm^ the •ihwiting of 

Spuiseb, va. to exhaiiit> to draw out or drain 
off -the whole of anvthing, to ^mply, to drain : 
to spend, to equander c towear out^ to waste* 
Mfumr ia triwr public^ to exhaust the publio 
tTBaaury. Mjmiser une fontakm, to drain off 
b fountain. Tif^UesmitrttitmrceiSont^pHiiSitt 
all my resources are exhausted. 

Bp VRi, fill, {arek,) the large plan of a building. 

SPUKBMENT, «m. refinement, purifjing. 

Bpurbb, va* to purify, to make pure or purer) 
to refine, to clear. J^putw Ut nueurs, to re* 
fine morals. 

Xfuber (8'), vr* to refine, to grow pure^ to 
fceeome finer, to improve, to be purified, to 
|;iow finer, to become more correct. 

BPtTHOB, «f * (a pUtnt) spurge. 

Bquarrib, va. {arch,) to squaiB, to cut in right 
anises. ^jr«afrfr«iwpt«rr«, to square a stone. 

Kquarribsaob, tm, aquareneas, the state of 
being square. Cette poutre a gix jMmees d'€fuar» 
tiMtugtt that bean is six inches square. 

BftOARRissEMBKT, <ai« aquaring* the iet of 
anldng aquare. 

£qvarri8sexjr, <m. a knacker, he who kills 
horses, a horBe -killer. 

iE«VATBi7B, sm. {asu) equator, a freat cirsle of 
the sphere equally distant from the two poles. 

BovAitoH, tf\ (ost.) equation, the reduction of 
the apparent time to equable, mean or true 
ttme : (nuri») an ezpreesion of the same 
quantity in two dissimilar terms, but of equBl 
Value. 

Is^VBnRk* mi. a aquare rtle, an instrument to 
measure right aisles: a southern oonstollation. 

ftovESTRB, at{f. equestrian, representing on 

. horseback. Stattt^ ^^yeih^ an equestriahi 
atatne : belonging to knishts. L'ordte 
^^piatre, the equestrian order {afaoi^ the 
Romant)* 

iooiAKOLB, a^» ^met.^ equiaogvlar, eonaist- 
ing of or liaTing equal angles. F^re ^i- 
MnglM, eqaiangular figurea. 

iiqtuiDiBtAvr, mdj, equidistant, being at an equal 
diataace from some point or plaee. 

JequilatAba!., adj, equilateral, hanng all sides 
e<jua]. Trian^ i^uUateraly an equifetei^ 
triangle. 

£qvi LIBRE, Ml. «quilibririm, eouality of weight 
or attength, importance ana the like, equi- 
poise: equality of powers. Fmre V^quiUbre, 
to balance, to counterpoise. Mettre en ^itt- 
Ubre, to poise. Temr en ^tfMlibre,^ keep <he 
balance of. V^quilibre de 4* Europe, the 
iMlance saMmg the European powers. 

^QViMULTiPLB, odj, equinwltt^e, multiplied 
by the asane number or quantity. 

iaunvoxB, fn. equinox, the precise time in 
which die day and the night are of equal 
length, ifattituws de printempt, d*mttomne, 
the vernal, uie autumnal equinox. 

^QviNoxxAL, im. the equinoxial, a great eircle 
of the sphere under which the equator moves 
in its diurnal course. This should not be con- 
founded with the equator, which is moveable, 
whereastheequinoxialiBimmovaable. (£nc.) 

^moxiAti «4^\ eq«iaoctial# pectaaiiig to liia 
178 



BQU 

equiabxMi deaignatiag fiaaqial UagCh of 
dfl|y and night: ae> lAgne' eqvimnaiUf the 
equinoxial Une or Uie equator. . 

B« ui i> Ao B, im . equipage, attendance, retinae, as 
persons, horses, carriages* &c. L*6qmipage 
d^un prince, the equipage of a prince* £qui' 
page de Vurm^, the equipage of an army (in- 
cluding arms, artiilery,' ammunition, and 
provisions). J^qwpage de ckaue, an equipage 
for hunting : crew, the officers, 6ailors» and 
soldiers, of a ship : v^icle, carriage. Avoir 
un Equipage, or tenir Equipage, to keep a 
carriage. 

]^quiPB£,«f. araah and foolish enterprise, aprank. 

Equipememt, em* equipment» the act of equip- 
ping, the fitting out: the expenses of equip- 
ping : anything that iB used in the equipping 
or fitting-out of a ehip. 

EotriPER, va. to equipi to furnish with what- 
ever is necessary, to accoutre, to fit out, to 
set forth, tquiper wneflette, to fit a fleet for 
aea, to furnish it with whatever is neceesary 
for a voyage. Equiper un regiment, to eqifip 
a regiment. ' ^ 

M VI Pot, am. (mark) a email open locker. 

EouipoLLEMCB, gf\ eouipolleBM, eqaipol- 
lency, equality of vuue, power* or fiarce. 
£quipoUmee da propottitoiu* an equivalence 

^ between two propositions. 

BouxpoLLEirr, ajg, equipollent, equal in talue, 
power, or fbree, equivalent : of the aaiae im- 
port, having the same signification. 

Equipoller, va. and n. to make of equal value, 
to balance, to counterbalance, po be equipol- 
lent or equivalent. Le gain iqyiptdleii pifte, 
the profit is equal to Ihe loss. 

&QVipoNDiRANCE« {f. equipoaderancet ^the 
equal tendency of a body towards a oqounon 
OMitte. 

Equitable, adj. equitable, distributing equal 
justice, giving each hia dae : righteous, 
just, honest, conscientious, impartial. Hfmme, 
jugmwfit 4quitabie, an equitoble man, an im- 
ptftial judgment. 

^viTABLEMBNT, ndw* oquitebly, in an equiteblo 
maimer, justly, impartiallv. 

Equitation, sf, equitetion, horaemanship : the 
art of riding. £eole d'iqwtationf a riding 
academy. 

&QUITB, ^. equihr, justice, right, a just regard 
to right, or claim : rightaess, uprighteess, 
rectitude, honesty, righteousness, integrity, 
impartiality, ^oro £quit£, telan Ciquiii, odv. 
exp. righteously, in conformity to justiue. 

Equivalent, sm. equivalent, that which is 
equal in value. O^rtr un ^quint^kntt to offer 
an equivalent. 

EQuivALBNT,a<];. equivalent, of equal value, of 
the same value. 

IBqvivaloiA, va ^ be equivalent, to be of equal 
value, to balance* to poise. Le eowoerain 
iiquivaut a vingt teheUingt^ the aovereign is 
equivalent to twenty shiUings. It is seldom 
used in theinfinitive. 

Equivoque, ef', equivocation, ambiguity of 
speech, a (umble meaning : an error, a mis- 
take. Fatre de$ ^quivoqueSi to equivocate. 

i^ivoftvi» ^* eqw<o«4i g^abWqf adaable 



BRO 



: ^, Mat, tent Squi' 
voque, an equivocml word or sense : doubrfhlj 
saspicions, nncertun, not decidsd, suseep- 
tible of differeot constructions. Conduite 
cqui9oqu€f eqniToeal conduct. MMte, gUnrt 

^ ^jfuiv o f utt doubtful merit or glory. 

Kquivoqvbr, vm. to equiTocate, to use words 
of a doubtful signiiieation, to use ambiguous 
expreasioas, to speak ambiguously. 

Equitoquer (S'), vr. to equiTocate, to make 
use of one w<nd for another, to make a mis* 
take. S'iquivoquer plaitamment, to make a 
cnriooa mistake. 

Erabls, sm. the maple tree. 

Abaoicatif, ddj, (phy,) eradicative, tbat cures 
or destroys radically, that extirpates. 

Bbaoication, «/*. eradication, the act of plucking 
hj the roots: extirpation, excision: totm 

^ deMmction. 

BRAPi.ni, «a. to scratch sKghtlj, to grasei'to 
strike or touch lightly. Cette SjnngU m*a 
^rafti, that pin has scratched me. 

Ebaplure, tf, a light scratch, a slight wound. 

BRAII.LEB, VB. to fray, to £ret, to unweare* 
ErailUr du satin , to unweaTO satin. Avoir 
Vmil irmiiU, to haye a bloodshot eye. 

BBAiLLBB (8'), «r« to rub, to fret (as oloth by 
weariiig). 

Ebaillurb, sf» fraying, that which is frayed 



BRATB, part, and adj» brisk, sprightly, intelli- 

geat, eunning. It is also substantiye. C'Mt 

fom iratSOf she is a liyely girl. 

Bbatzr, va, to pull out tiie milt or spleen: 

^ to clwet «p, to make liyely or meny* 

£be, «f. (€kr,y an era, an epoeh, a fixed point 

ItOBi winch any number of years is begun to 

be conted. L*crs ckrHUnnB, the Christian 



Bbectevb, adj. and nn.\ (ehir.) an erector, a 
muoele that erects, one that raises. 

WMacnovp if, erection, the act of raising or 
bttilding, a setting upright: the state of 
heiiig raised, built, or eleyated: establish- 
BBMit, aottleaMAt, formation. V^roelnam d^un 
wttmmmetUt th^ raisinj; of a monument. 

iaBnrTBB, iw. to break the back. II m^tt 
£hf iroinii, (faau) he deseryee to have his 
benea broken. 

lEBBiirrBft (<&*), vr. to break one's back, to toil, 
to wmary, or oyer-labote oneself. 

feRiHiTiQUB, mdj. erimitic^l, solitary, liying in 
aolitode. 

ftmisTpiiB or inTSipiLB, if. erysipebi* t dis- 
ease called St. Anthony's firo. 

Ergo, mi. imdmL ((at.) an argument, the con- 
cfaMioii of an argument. Quol homme m- 
m mn f o mxmvte aerorgo/ what a tedious man with 
his lulaoflM amments ! 

£bco, eonj. (jam.) ergo, therefore, then, 
wherefore. Yatu osss moU la Un, orgo vou$ 
w^MUt d*(tro pvBf , you faaye violated the 
law, therefore you deserye to be punished. 

Eaoo-OLV, a fomuiar expression used to turn 
into ridiciiie pompous and incanclosrre argu- 

BMBfcB. 

Eboot, mm, a spur, a kind of pointed nail placed 
M ihahttsk of |MM niaails. L'vgftt d'vM 
179 * 



ERR 

e»9» d'tm e&tsit, a oook or a dog's ipiir« Sa 
lover aur set ergots, to speak with yehemeDee. 
to use high words :' ergot, a morbid excre8-> 
cence in grain : a dark-coloured ahoot from 
the ears of grain, particularly of ryer- 

£BOOTi,ai{;. spurred: blighted. Seigleergati, 
smutty rye : {fam,^ a cunning fellow, ono 
who knows how to defend his interest. 

Ergqter, vn. (fam.) to cayil, to wrangle, to 
raise ckptious objections, to dispute without 
reason. 

Ergoterie, sf. 1 cavil, cavilling, wrangling, a 

EfiooTisME, sm. J dispute about triies. 

Erootbur, fm.'fa caviller, a wrangler, a so- 

Ebootbusb, rf.j phister, an insupportable 
disputant. 

BRioER, va. to erect, to raise as a monument ot^ 
building ; to set up, to build : to consecrate: 
to establish, to found : to change for the 
better, triger un vMnwnent, une statue, to 
raise a monument, to erect a statue, ^riger 
une terre en dueh£, to erect an estate into a 
dukedom. 

Briobr (S*), fir., to set up for, to pretend to* 
Cromwell s'6rigea en prophete, Cromwell gay* 
himself for a prophet. 

Erminbtte, sf, (m^.) a plane^ an -adie, n 
addice. 

'Erhitaoe, sm. a hermitage, tbe habitation of a 
hermit : a house or hut in a solitary place. 

Ermite, im. a hermit, a person who lives ia 
solitude for the purpose of religious contem- 
plation : a recluse, an anachonte. Vivre e% 
hermite, to retire from society, to live v^ 
solitude* 

EROsidN, sf. erosion, tbe act of eating aways 

^ the state of being eroded : corrosion, canker* 

Erotiqve', adj. erotic, eroticali perttining to 
love, proceeding from love. Dilire iratiquo, 
an erotioal delirium, love-aieknes8. rerf 
6rotiques, erotic verses. 

Brotomanie, sf. (phy.) delirium erotioum. 

Errant, a4;.' errant, wandering, roving, ratm- 
bling : vagrant, unsettled : mistaken, wha 
mistakes, erroneous. ChevaUer errant, % 
knight errant. Nosfrhet errants, our strayed 
brethren. £toilet errdntei, the erratic stan» 
the planets. 

Errata, «m.(Zat.) an erratum: p2. errata, a Hst 
of the author's or printer's faidts, inserted at 
the beginning or end Qf a book. . 

EaRATiquE, adj. erratic, wandering, having so 
certain course : mutable, irregular. Oiseau 
erratiques, a bird of passage. Feus erratiques, 
wildfires. 

Erre, sf space, course. AUer heUe erre, grands 
errot to go at a great rate, to go very fast, to 
live at a high rate. 

Errbs, ef, pi. (cAo.) the traces or steps of A 
stag. AUer tur les erret do fuelqu'un, to fol- 
low one's steps. 
Errbr, va. to err, to mistake, to commit error, 
to da wrong from igfnotance or inattention: to 
wander about, to rove, to ramble, to deviato 
from the true course. Error do bonne foi, to 
err without intention or malice. 
Ebbbur, rf. an error^ a wandering or dbviatioii 
from the truth : » talt, a mliMake : (tJkM.) 



ESC 

sin, iniquity, transgreSBion : heresy: miseon- 
duct, ill-conduct, foUj. Erreur de cakult mis- 
computation. Let erreurs de lu jeuneise, the 
follies of youth. Indmre en erreur, to lead 
into error, to mislead. Revenir de son er- 
reur, to open one*s eyes, to correct one's 
mistake. 

!ErrovA, adj, erroneous, not conformahle to 
truth, wroiig, false, mistaken. Opinion er- 
Ton^e, an erroneous opinion. 

Ebroh^memt, adv, erroneously, hy mistake, 
not rightly, falsely. 

£b8, tm. (6ot.) hitter retch. 

£b8b, adj» Erse, relating to the Highlands in 

. Scotland. Langiie, poSne erte, Erse language 
or poetry. - 

BnucTATioN, sf, (p^.) eructation, the act of 

• IJelching wind from Uie stomach, a helch. 

£rudit, adj, erudite, instructed, taught, 
learned. 

Erudition, $f, erudition, learning, knowledge 

. grained hy study or from hooks and instruc- 
tion, scholarship, great learning, particularly 
in literature, science : a learned inquiry. 

Sruoimeux, adj, emginous, partakin|^ of the 
colour of the rust of copper : resemhlmgrust. 

Eruption, if. eruption, the act of hreaking or 
hurstiug forth : a hreaJdng out, a copious and 

. sudden excretion of humours : an efflores- 
cence or redness on the skin. 

XRUPTiF, acff. eruptive, attended with eiup- 
tions or efflorescence : as, Fihre Eruptive, an 
eruptire fever. 

Erysipj^lateux, adj, {phy,) erysipelatous, 
eruptive^ resemhling eiysipelas, or partaking 

. of its nature. 

ERYsipi^LE, or j^RisipibLE, erysipelas, St. 
Anthony's fire. * 

Es, prep, (a contraction of en Us) is only used 

. in nuutre-eM-arie, a master of arts, A. M. or 
M.A. 

EscABBAU, fm. 6r Escabelle, sf, a stool, a seab 
without a back. Remuer Us escabelles, to re- 
move, to change situation. 

EscAcuB, sf, a scatch, a sort of horse's hit. 

EscABRB, sf, {mar,) a squadron (of ships), part 
of a fleet, a certaio numher of men-of-war 
under the same commodore* or commander- 
in-chief. 

EscADRiLLB, sf, (a dim. of escadre) a little 
squadron. 

EscADRON, Ml. (mil,) a squadron, part of a 
regiment of cavalry, composed of several com- 
panies : a hody of horse. Chef d*escadron, 
the officer who commands a squadron, a lieu- 
tenant-colonel. 

Xscadronner, vn, to form into a squadron, to 
draw up into a square. 

EacALABE, sf. escalade, the act of escalading. 
Monter d Vescatade, to escalade or scale a 
a place. 

EscALADER, va, to oscalode or scale, to attack 
a fortified place hy means of ladders : to 
reach hy climhing up. 

EscALB, sf, {mar,) stay. Faire eseaU dans un 
port, to put up into a port. 

EscALiER, sm. a staircase, the stairs (to go 

, up and down ip a house). 
180 



E8C 

EscALiK, sm, a Dutch shilling (worth about 60 

cents French, or sixpence sterling). 
Escamotaoe, tm. a juggle, a trick by leger- 
demain : the art of juggling. 
EscAHOTE, sf, the jugglei^s corkball. 
EscAMOTER, va, to jugglo, to trick hy sleight of 

hand, to palm, to conceal in the palm of the 

hand, as jugglers : to pick, to take away sUly. 

Escamater une bourse, to pick a purse out of 

the pocket. 
EscAMOTEUR, stR. a juggler, a sharper : a sly 

thief. 
EscAMPER, tm. to scamper away, to steal slily 

away. 
EscAMPETTB, if. (pop,) IB ouly used in Prendre 

de la poudre d'eteampette, to run or scamper 

. away. 
Escapade, sf, escapade, the fling of ahorse : 

(/am.) a mad prank. Escapade dUeoUer, a 

boy's trick. 
Escape, sf, {arch,) the shaft of a column. 
EscARBiLLARo, odj, ubA tm, (obi. and ftm,) 

merry and jovial. 
EscARBOT, sm, {an insect) a blackbeetle, a 

chafer, a maybug. 
EscARBOucLE, sf, {a prccious stone) a caflKincle. 
EscARCELLE, tf. {an old foord) a large purse. 

Remplir, vide son escarcelle, to fill or empty 

one's purse. 
EscARE, sf, {chi,) scar, crust, scab : slough : 

EscARooT, sm. a snail, a shellsnail : an ill- 
shaped person; Fait eomme un escargot {Jam,) 

» very ill made. (Acad.) 

EscARMoucHB, sf, (mtl.) a skirmish, a slight 
fight : a contest, a contention. 

EscARMOucHBR,vn. to skiimish, to fight in par- 
ties, to bieker : to dispute, to contend. ' 
' EscARMOucHEUR, sm, R skirmlsher, he who 
skirmishes. 

EscA RpE, sf. {mil,) scarp, a slope on that side 
of a ditch which looks towards the fortified 
place. 

EscARPift, adj, steep, steepy, of difficult aceess. 
Une moutagne esearp^e, a steep mountain. 

EscARPEMENT, tm, {fort,) steepness, declivity. 

ESG A RPER , va. to cut steep down. Esearper un 
rocker, to cut a rock from top to bottom. 

EscARPiN, tm, pump, a shoe with a thin sole. 
Esearpins, pi, stocks (a torture for the feet). 

EscARpiNER, vn, {fam,) to run swiftly. 

EscARPOLETTB, sf. a swlug, s seossw. 

EscARRE or EsciiARRB, sf, (phy,) an eschar, 
the scrub or ,scah occasioned by caustic 
remedies. 

EscAVESSADB, tf, {man,) a check, a jerk. 

EsctENT, sm, nowledge. It is only used in 
these expressions : A son eteienf, with one*s 
knowledge, knowingly. A bon eseient, in good 
earnest, without deception. 

EttCLANDRB, sf, R scaudalottS and disagreeable 
scene, a notable insult. Faire eseUmdre, or 
une eselandre, to quarrel in public. 

EscLAVAOE, tm. slavery, bondage, slavishneas, 
servility : the state of a slave, servitude, 
eoslavement : confinement, captivity : sub* 
jeetiom, constant attendance. 

EscLAVB, im> and /• a «laT9> a d«peil4«iiti one 



ESP 

■ader fih» abtolnte power of a mstter. Jitre 

€tela99 de. $a jmroie, to be ts good as one's 

wonL Eaeiaie dant ton emploi, a stave to 

one's employ, without a moment's libert/ : 

(poft.) a lover. 
£scoBAKj>BR, vn. (a ntw loord) to shnffle in 

one's dealings. 
EscoBAKDBBiB, sf, (a fww word) a shuiRing, a 

mental reservation, a snbterfoge. . 
EscocHBB, va, (with bakers)^ Eteoeker lapAu, 

to pat the dough. 
EscoppioN, fm. (obt» and pop.) a woman's head*' 

dress. 
HscooniFFB, sm. (fam,) a shark, a sharper. 

Un grand eseogriffe, a tall, ill-looking fellow. 
EsooMPTB, m. (COM.) discount, the money de- 

dttoted for interest. 
l^OMPTXB, V9. (com.) to disoOunt, to pay be- 

ibreband, deducting an equivilent for so 

doing. 

EscopBiTB, sf, (o6f.) a kind of carbine, a hand- 
gun. 

EscopSTTBRiB, ff*. (ob»») B disohargo of hand- 



EscoRTE, wf» an escort, a body of armed men 

. thai attends for protection, a g^uard, a con- 
voy. In French it also applies to naval 
piDtecticm. Vmiauau tVeteorte, a convoying 
veaeel. - Fahre acorte, to escort, to accompany 
(for protection). 

EscoBTBB, vs. to escort, to attend and guard, 
to convoy. 

Esco V A DB, sf. a squad, a detachment of a com- 
pany of foot, conunftoded by a subaltern ofScer. 

EacouROBE, rf, a scourge, a cat of nine tails, a 
whip made of thongs of leather or lashes of 
nuulcord. 

KsGOUROBoy, m. a kind of hasty barley given 
to cattle when green. 

EacoossB, ff. a run and spring before one leaps. 
Prendre $on iteouMto, to take a run and spring. 

EscRiHB, JM. fencing, the art of using skilfully 
a aword or foil. £tr« hort d*e$erime, to^e 
off one's guard, to be at a loss what to do. 

EscRiaiBB, vn. or S'Escrimbr, vr. to fence, to 
pnctiBethe art of fencing : to have a trial of 
skill : to dispute, to debate. Seicrimer do 
fuoi^fu ehato, to understand a thing, to be 
skilled in. 

EscmiMBUR, »m. a fencing-maste^i^ne who un- 
derstands fencing. 

EscB<ic, MM. a sharper, a shark, a swindler. 

EscROQVER, va. to shark, to sharp, to trick, to 
cheat : to steal with dexterity, 

£scR04UERiB,<^. a ahafpiug, a swindler's trick. 

EscmoQOEOR, fm. la sharper. It is mostly 

EscROQVEVsE, <f. J used with a complement. 
Eacroqueur do volailU, a fowl-stealer. 

EsPACE, Ml. space, distance, interval : vacuum. 
Eapaeo iwumenM do ttrro et domor, an immense 
extent of land and sea: '(jwith fitters) a 



EspACBM»rT,isi.(erdb.) a space, a distance be- 
tween two pillara. 

£sFACBR» vs. to place, plant, or fix at proper 
distances. Espaoer dot arbres, to plant trees 
at ajiven distance. 

EsrAAB, of* (swr*) « tewing beetlQ. 



ESP 

EspADOK, tm, a large two»ha&ded tword : (a 
Majish) a sword-fish. 

EsPAnoNNBR, vn. to fight with the back« 
sword. 

EsPAONOL, tm, the Spanish language : a Span* 
iard. 

EsPAGNOLBTTB, sf, B sortof fine ratteen : a sash- 
window fastening. 

Espalier, tm, (mar,) the first rower in a gal- 

' ley ; ft row of fruit-trees trained up to a lat- 
tice, or nailed to a wall. 

E:(pARoouTTE or EspAROoiftE, ff. (boU) mo- 
iherwort. 

Espies, sf. species, a subdirision of a general 
term, sort, kind, nature, race, tribe, gen- 
der. Uetpice humaine, mankind. Espt'ce do 
fruit, a kind of fruit. Gent do toute esp^e, 
people of all sorts : (jur,) the object of a 
deliberation. 

EspicEs, tf. pL specie, coin, mone^Ti cash- 
Payer en eepeeot tonnanUt, to pay in cash : 
' goods, kind, commodities : the sacramental 
elements. Communier tout let deux otpeeety to 
receive the sacrament in both kinds : (p/i*) 
species, a mixture of ing^redients. 

Espi^ANCB, sf. hope, a desire of some good 
with an expectation of obtaining it : the ob- 
ject of our hopes, expectation : trust. So 
nourrir d'etp^rance, to live^upon hope. Per-- 
dre esptrancoy to lose all hope : hppe, one of 
the theological virtues. 

EspiuER, va, and n. to hope, to desire with ex- 
pectation of good, to hope for, to live in ex- 
pectation of: to trust, to put confidence in« 
When followed by the conjunction qujt, the 
verb must be construed with the future of 
the indicative, in the afiirmative, and with the 
present of the subjunctive in the negative* 
or interrogative. J*etpere qu*%l viondra, I 
hope he will come. Je n'espere pas qu'il la 
fattOf I have no hope of his aoing it. Etpe* 
ret-vout qu'il y eonsento? do you hope that 
he will consent 1 J*etpheen vout , I trust in you. 

EsPiikoLE, 04;. and,fufo. waggish, frolicBOihe, 
a little mischievous: a wag. ItisappUed 
to children. 

Ebpieolerie, tf. a frolic, a prank, a flight of 
levity, a mischievous act (rather for sport 
than injury). 

Ebpinoole, if, a blunderb^iss, a gun with a 
large bore, which may be charged with many 
bullets. 

EspiON, tm, a spy, one paid to watch the con- 
duct, or hear the opinion, of others, particu- 
larly of enemies. Double espUm, a spy who 
serves both parties. 

EspioNNAOE, tm, spying, the being a spy. 

EspiONNBR, va, to spy, to watch the action of 
others. Nout tommet espionu^t iei, we are 
watched here. It is also neuter. II no fait 
qu*etpionner, he does nothing but spy. 

Esplanade, tf. (fort.) esplanade, the glacis of 
^e counterscarp t the parade : a piece of 
ground flat and ua'ifonn. 

Espoir, tm, hope, «expectation. Vespoir do la 
famille, the hopes of the family. It baa no 
plural. 

I EspoNTON, Ml. « 0i.H)?itoon, » mUHftry weapon 



ESS 

no longer in hm, s kind of kalf piVo cr lul- 
berd. 

SapRiT, <n. spirit, ati incorporesl being : breaUi, 
soul, mind : a supernatural power : a ghost, 
an apparition : wit, gtniua, ondentanding, 
vigour of mind, imagination : temper, dispo- 
sition, inclination : sense, meaning, purport : 
spirit, an inflammable liquor raised bj dis- 
tillation: spirit, principle, Cftuse, motiye. 
Vieu eat tin pur stprit, God is a pilre spirit. 
Is Saint'Etprit, the Holy Ghost. Ltt etpriti c6' 
Uttu, the heavenly spirits, the blessed. Le 
malin esprit, the evil spirit. Vesprit de pro- 
phiHe, the spiritof prophecy , Rendre i*aprit, 
to give up the ^host, to die. Avoir de Vetprit, 
to be witty or ingenious. CulHver Vetprit, to 
cultivate the mind. Un homme d'etprit, a man 
of sound understanding, a man of wit, a man 
of genius. [7n etprit/ort, a free-thinker. £<- 
prit lourd, bou€hi, one dull of comprehension. 
Un bel etprit, a wit> a genius. Un petit esprit, 
a witling. Frimnce d' esprit , presence of mind. 
£fprtt de vengeance, a revengeful disposition. 
Avoir Vetprit dee afairee, to understand busi- 
ness. Avoir Vetprit au jem, to have an incli- 
nation for gambling. Reprtndre tee etprits, to 
come to oneself again. Mtre bi$n dans Vetprit 
de quelqu*tM, to be well thought of bj one. 

BsQuxr, tm, a skiff* a yawl, a small ship-boat. 

jEsquilm^ rf, (f&t.) a splinter (of a 'broken 
bone). 

fsQviNANOiBt {f. squinancy, «n inflammation in 
the thnwt : a sore throat, a quinsey* 

BsQuiVK, tf» (men.) the back of a horse. Che- 
vcUfaikU d*t9qwine, a horse weak in bis back. 

£sQu<roT, tmt the moneyobo^ (in a barber's 
«hop). 

JEsQvxssStff. a sketch) an outline, a rough draw- 
ing« the first draught, a first plan, a model. 

EsQvissBB, va, to sketcbf to draw the outlines 
of, to roughdraw, to mi^ the first draught of. 

EsQuivKR, va. and n^ to eschew, to shun, to 
avoid, to escape, to evade, to elude. Etquiver 
un coup, to avoid a Uow. JSsfuiver une diffi^ 
cttk^, to evade a difficult* Faire etquiver, to 
help to escape. , 

EsQDivBR (8*), vr. to flee from* to steal awi^, 
to escape, to rttn aw^, to pop off, to evade. 
Je me mit etqxiivS sans 6ntit> I stole slily 
away* 

£ssAi» em, an essay, a trial* an attempt, an en- 
deavour,, an efibrt made, an exertion of body 
or mind for the performance of anything : a 
proof, a taste, an experiment : aa essay, a 
short treatise on some subject. Faire Vessai 
de, to try. Prendre a Veetai, tp take upon trial 
or liking. Un ooup d^esiai, a firs^ trial. £f- 
tai sur Vhomms, an essay on man. 

£s8AiM, «m. a swurm, a number of young bees, 
that part from the old ones : a crowd, a mul- 
titude. Vn ettaim de beaut^ty a great number 
of beauties. Un etsaim de barbares, a swarm 
of barbarians. Un essaim de douleurs, (De- 
lille) a heap of troubles. 

EssAiMsn, vn. to swarm off. Cetfe nmhe a es- 
saim6, the bees of that hive have scanned off. 

EssANOER, va. to wet dirty Unen before it is 
washed in UOii 
182 



EiSARTBB, «a»(tf.) toclear(aplseoOf mnd) 
of briars, brambles and thorns, to grub ttp« 

EssAYER, va, U^ try, to attempt* to endeavour, 
to exert one's power or faculties to perform a 
thing : to make a triid or experiment of. 
Esaayer aesforeet, to try one's strength. £i- 
tayer de tout, to try' everything. Essayer de 
secouer le jaug, to endeavour to shake off the 
yoke. Essayer une iiftteur, to taste a liquor. 
Essayer des tn^taux, to assay metals (to try 
their value and purity). 

£ssAYBE (S'), or. to try one's strength ear abi- 
lity, to attempt, to endeavour. 

EssAYBVB, Ml. an assayer, an officer appointed 
to assay metals. 

£s8B, sf\ a Unch*nin : any jueoe of iron having 
the tbrm of an S. 

EssBAO, jm. (mee.) a hatchet, a ahinffle. 

EssBNCB, sf. essence, substenee, that which 
constitutes the particular nature of a being or 
substance. Uesaence divine, the easenee of 
God : formal existence, the very substance 
of anythinff. L'esfeiioe du Chrittianisme, the 
essence ' of Christianitv : (chim.) essence, 
perfume, odour, soent, the volatile matter con- 
stituting perfume. Essence de ca$MeHe, es- 
sence of cinnamon* 

EssBNTiBL, im, the - chief point, that which is 
most important. L*ess$mtiel est de, tks main 
point is to. 

£8BEirriBL,0c(^\ essential* aeoesasry to the ooa- 
stitution or existence of a thing, leqoisite, 
higl^ly important, absohttely necessary, ia- 
dispensable : BMterial, anbstantial, solid : 
that may be depended upon. La rondeur est 
e$sen$iem am eenle, rotimdi^ in eat ease«tia! 
quality of a circle. Devoir esseniisl, aa im- 
portant doty. Un ami esseniiei, a substantial 
friend. Clause essentielle, a material clanse. 

BssBMTiBLLBMBNT, adv« essentially, materially, 
in essence, in an important deg^e, in effect. 
Let mtn^nmx et iei plantes sent esseniieUement 
diff^rentst minerala and planta are essentially 
difierenc 

£8SBVLii,a4;. lonesome, left alone, forsaken. 

EssiBu, «n. the axle, the axle-tree (of a vehi- 
cle), the iron or wooden pin on which the 
circomvolutions of the wheels sm performed : 
(anat.) the second verteber of the neck. 

EsaiifBR (tto^oiseaii), va* ( ftAci) to make a bisd 
lean that he may fly swifier. 

Es^oB, jm. flighty tkeeoaring (of abird ofprey) : 
the act of trying one's strength or energy : a 
bold attempt. Dosmer Veaor a sen g/hsie, to 
give a loose to one's genius. Prendre «wt noMe 
e«for, to fly high, to mske a noble sttasoipi, 

EssonsR, va. to airv to expose to the air, in 
oi^er to dry. 

EssoKSR (S'), vr. (Jale,) to soar, to sear up. 
It is onlv used in a liiMal sense (speaking of 
a bird ofprey). . 

EssoRiLLER, va, to cut the ears off: (Jam.) to 
cut the hair too short, to 9wp* EssoriUet un 
cheval, to crop a horse. 

EssoucHBR (nn champ), vs. (o^.) to dear a 
field of the stumps. 

EssouPLER, va, or S'£stouFLBa« iir. to pot out 
of breath* tete omofhroalh. itre eemfi6t 



EST 

to p«itt. Je fK^maujU en numlaiit VwAli^, 1 1 
put mjself quite out of breath bj going Up { 

Essvi, mi. adiying-placei 

EssuiB-MAiKS, wi. {cfboth numheTi) a towel. 

EssuTKSytw. to wipe, to wipe off or away, to 
rub off', to dust, to wipe dry, to dry, to dry 
ttp : to bear, to suffer, to endure : to be ex- 
posed to. he sokil essuu let cheminit tbe sttli 
dries tbe roads. ^Eunyer ses lormis, to com- 
fort or console oneself. Essuyer des cutrages, 
to put up with an insult. Estuyer un refut, to 
meet with a denial* £t$uyer Ufeu, la titn- 
fde, to be Exposed to the fire, to be tossed in 
a storm. 

Est, nn. ((ib« s is founded) the East, the part of 
the horizon where the si)n is to rise, the 
orient : the wind that comes from the East, | 
the easterly wind. D'est or de Vest, eastern. 

EsTACADE, sf'. stoccade, a pale or fence, chiefly 
in the water : a cross-boom at the entrance of 
a harbour. 

EsTAPXTTE, ff. an estafet, a military courier, a 
eourier, an express, a messenger. 

Est A PIE K, am. a taH footman : a bullv. 

EsTAPiLADB, sf. a slash, a large cut with the 
edge of an instrument, particularly on the 
face : (fam,y a rent, a cut in cloth. 

EeTAPiLADBR, va. (pop.) to slash, to eat tl)e 
face of. 

EsTAUE, gf: worsted. Des bat d*estam9, worsted 
stockings. 

EsTAMiNET, tm, or Tabaote, sf, (a new word) a 
eeffee-house where smo^in^ is allowed ; a 
tap-house. 

EsTAM PE, tf, a stamp, a print, a picture cut in 
wood or metal, a cut, a plate : an impres^t ^ 
stamp. 

EsTAMPBR, va, to stamp, to Impress with some 
enark or figure. Ettamper de la montiaie avee 
U haUmeier, to stamp coin with a flier. 

EsTAM pitLE, tf. a stamp (for a dgnati^re) : an 
excise stamp. 

EsTAMPiLLEB, va. to Stamp a signatqre. 

EsrsR, vn. (Jwr.) to appear personalty in a court 
of justice. Ester i droiHt to appear in pourt. 
Vster en jugement, to appear to receive sen- 



EsTTi.Ls, if. (me.) a weayer's loom. 

EsTXMABtB, adj. estimable, worthy of esteem, 
Tslnable, worth a great price. La vertu teule 
m$ estimable, virtue alone is estimable. 

EsmfATKUR, adj. and <m. an appraiser, he who 
determines the value of a thing. Pettple etti- 
maienr du m^rite, a nation whp knows how to 
appreciate merit. 

EsTi wan pgocj; .estimative, relating to valuations. 

EsniiE, sf. esteem, estimation, opinion or judg- 
ment of merit or demerit : value, respect, re- 
gaid, favoorable opinion, iivotr do Vettime 
juntr mtel^'unt to have a regard for a person : 
(mar. ) dead reckoning of a ship. 

EsTiMER, va. to esteem, to set- avtilue on, toes- 
ttdtate, to value, to appraise: to prise, to 
honour, to regard, to respect, to have a regard 
or respect for : to believe, to deem, to think, 
to reckon, to judge, to presume, to fancy, to 
mippose. Btthmr nm fnmUon, %m eh^val, to 
183 



ETA 

ettiimta ft houto, to vakfi a hdM. XtHnutr 
let chotes louabletf \o value praiseworthy ob« 
jects. Ettimer ^*une chote fit, to iuppose^ 
to paeeume that a thing is. 

^STivB, tf. ^nar.) the stowing or trimming of 
a sbip^ Mettre un wfitteau en efttve, to trim 
a ship. 

^sToc, sm. a long sword, a long rapier : the 
point of a sword : family; stock, lineage. 
Frapper d'ettoe et de taiUe, to thrust with the 
point, and strike with the edge : to strike at 
random. Are, venir de ban ettoe, to be of a 
good family, to be of good extraction, firin 
d'ertoo, a quarter-staff. 

^TocADE, if. a long sword : a thrust made with 
a sword : a troublesome demand. 

{^STocAnBR, va. to tilt, to fight : to importune, 
to teaze, to annoy, to dun : (fdm.) to dispute 
with warmth. 

EsTOMAc, tm^ stomach, the ventricle in whieh 
food is digested : the bresst. Le ereux de 
Vettomae, Uie pit of the stomach, ilvotr vuU 
d*ettomac, to have the stomaqh or belly-ache^ • 

PSTOUAQUBR (S*), VT. (/om.) to stomach,. to 
take o^ence, to be angry at, to resent. 

EsTOMPE, xf. (paint.) stump nsed in drawing 
with crayons. 

' EsTOMpER, va, to paint with powder. 

EsTRADEji/'. an estrade, (formeriy) a public 
road, iattre Vettrade, to seout, to go abont 
the country : a raised floor for a steto bed. 

]&8TRAG0N, im. (an odonferout plant) tarragon. 

EsTRAMApoK, Ml. the edge of a sabre : back- 
swdr4> Poup d'sitramofoni ^ blow with the > 
edge of a sword. 

llsTRAMA^oMMEft, vo* to Btrijce #ith the edge of 
a sabre, 

EsTRik^Aos, if, strappado, a kind of military 
' torture (no longer m use) :-the plaee wher^ ft 
took place : the beam used for Iha purpose. 

p8TRAPADEB| VA. to ^ve theitrapaao, to pat to 
the rack. 

EsTBA PASSER, va* ("Mn.) to overwork a hcyrse. 

EsTRAPBR, va. (ag.) to cut down. Egtraper le 
ghaun^^ to cut Uie stubble i^tof the harvest. 

psTROPii, adj. and i. crippled, maimed : lame. 

psTROPiBR, va, to maim, to deprive of the use 
of a limb, to cripple, to lame, to make lame, 
tp disable : to jnutilate i to Diingle, to per- 
form clumsily. Estropier une figure, (paint.^ 
to bungle or ooteh a figure (to draw it clum- 
sily). Ettropier ^n mot, un pottage, (ac.) to • 
bungle a word (to prpnotmce it |mdly), to 
lame a pa^sase. £itropi«r divert, to mur* 
der verses. 

^STURGEON, sm. (afiih) a storgeon. 

t.t, conj, and : both. Vout et moi, you and L 
Et vout et moi, both you and I. 

^T c ATERA, indecl. {two Latin iDordt) et €tttet!^» 
and the rest, i^nd the like, snd ito forth, ai|d 
so on. 

^TABLAQB, im. Stallage, stabliug : that whieh< 
is paid for stabling. 

Stable, sm. a stable (for cattle). Mtahle a bduft^ 
an ox-staU> a cow-house. Stable d. powceatiXf 
a pigsty. 

^Ti^BLEB, va. to Stable, to put in a stable, tp . 
hettse» 'li ya de yuoi Stabler fuatrti ti^evQux * 



ETA 

et wMvacht, thdrs is stoUiDgenongli forfovir 
horBes and a cow. 

ETABLERIE8, ff. pi, a FOW of StsbleS OT StallB, 

Xtabli, mi. a shopboard (for a tailor), a bench 
(for a^iaer), the bulk of a shop, any board 
on which handwoik is performed. 

Btablir, va. to establish, to set and fix unal- 
terablj, to settle permanently, to erect, to 
fix, to settle, toifoond, to ground, to give birth 
to : to appoint, to nominate, to create, to 
constitute : to state, to lay down as a fact, to 
aver, to assert : to setup, to marry. £tabUr 
sa demeure, ta fortune, to settle in'a place, to 
make one's fortune. £tabUr aes enf'antt, ta 
filUt to settle or set up one's children, to 
marry a daughter. £tablir vne nuaime, to 
lay down as a maxim. £tablir un fait, to 
state as a fact. On a ^tabli que, it is settled 
that. 

Xtablir (S'), vr, to settle, to set up, to marry : 
to choose a mode of living, to place oneself 
in : to grow in use or fashion. J'aifini par 
m'itahlir, I have married at last. 

Zr<ABLi8SEiiBNT, 5m. establishment, the act of 
establishing, founding or settling : settle- 
ment, fixed state : that which is fixed or set- 
tled : a settlement for private or public uti- 
lity : foundation, regulation, institution, con- 
stitutioD, enactment : state, condition. 

JBtAGE, «m. a story, a floor, a flight of rooms : 
degree, quality, rank. Au premier, au ucond 
Itagt, on the first or second floor. Qem de 
tout 6tage, peoule of all ranks. Meuton d 
double 6tage, a doable chin. 

ifarAGER, t». to cut slanting. £tager les cheveva, 
to taper th6 hair. 

l^TAi, fm. (mar,") a stay. Grand itai, the main 
stay. Etai de mtame, the forestay. itai 
d^artimon, the mizen-stay. 

!btai^, sf. a prop, a stay or support : a shore. 

ivA iM, em* uie finest part of carded wool. 

i6taim, mi. pewter, a composition of factitious 
metal, consisting of tin and lead, or of tin, 
lead and brass : tin. £tainfin, or tonnant, 
pare tin. 

Xtal, em. a stall, abutoher's or fislunonger's stall. 

^TALAOS, tm. stallage, show : goo^ exposed to 
show: finery, ostentation, parade, display : 
duty paid for stallage. Mtttre h V^talage, to 
expose to sale, ttaiagtd* Erudition, d^esprit, 
dUloquenee, a display m erudition, wit, elo- 
quence. 

feALAOisTX,i«i. (a new word^B tradesman who 
exposes his goods in the street. 

£tale adj, (mar6e) high water, the time at 
which Uie tide neither flows nor ebbs. 

^ALXR, va. to stall, to expose to sale, to lay 
out upon a stall : to show, to make a diow of, 
to display, to set forth, to make a parade of. 
Staler tet bijoux, to display one^s jewels. 
Mtaier tet eharmet, tet taltmtt, to make a show 
of one's charms or talents. 

£taleur, <m. a stall-keeper, one who keeps a 
stall in the streets. '^ 

JEtalieb, fin. a stall-butcher. 

^fexALON, fm. a stallion, a horse kept for mares : 
• standard measore or weight. 

fiTA&oMNaos. or STALOii«siuu(Xt«mt ths mirk- 
184 



Em 

' ing of any measiire or weight that has been 
squared by the standard. 

Etalonner, va. to stamp* (measures or weights) 
with the public mark. 

ETALONNEUR,<m. the officer appointed to stsmp 
weights and measures. 

Etakaoe, em. tinning or covering over with 
tin : tinned work. 

^TAKER, va. to tin, to cover with tin. 

Etamime, ef, a thin 8tu£fmade with wool: a 
sieve, a filtering cloth : the stamen (of flow- 
ers). Fatter par V6tamine, to be strictly exa- 
mined: (mar.) bunting. ^ 

£taminier, jm. a colting-oloth wearer or ma- 
nuBiiCturer. 

Stamper, va. {ynthfarriert) to stamp a hoxse*s 
shoe. 

itTAMPURB, {f. the hojes of a horse's shoe. 

&TANCHEMENT, 5m. stanchiug, the stopping (of 
any fluid). 

^TANCHER, vr. to stanch, to stop (any fluid). 
£taneher Veau, le tang, to stop the water or the 
blood. Jitancher tet larma, to cease to weep. ^ 
J^tancher la toif, to qnench ihe thirst, ^tau" 
eher un vaitteau,.(mar,^ to pump the water 
out of a ship. 

ETAN90N, tm, a stay, a prop, a support : (mar,^ 
a tftanchion. 

fiTAN90NN£R, Vtt. to Stay, to prop, to support. 
Etan^onner une barrique, to prop a cade. 

£tang, sm, a pond, a fishpond, a pool. 

^TANGUE, tf, (with mintera) large-tongs. 

J^TANT, part. pr. of iTRE, being. 

&TAPX, tf, a staple, a storehouse, a place or port 
where goods are landed : a settled mart, a 
staple-town, a mart : a daily allowance for 
soldiers npon their march : the place 
where such allowance is made. Prendre ton 
6tafe en argent, to receive one's allowance in 
cash. Bruler l^6tape, to pass on without 
stopping. 

Btapibr, tm, he who distributes to soldiers 
their allowance on their march. 

Etat, Ml. state, the present state or condition of 
a thing : the present disposition of the body or 
mind, case, condition, circumstances: a place, 
an office: rank; condition, quality: state, com- 
monwealth, government. ^tatetcUuattique, 
the ecclesiastical state. £tat numarehique, re- 
pubUoean, a monarchical or republican govern- 
ment. Kommed'etol, a statesman* Minittre 
teeritaire d*6iat, a aecretarv of state. Coup 
d*6tat, a strong and decisive measure. Let 
6tatt geniraux, the states general. L'^tat 
major, the staflf. 3fc<tre en ^tat de, to enable. , 
State empire, kingdom, dominions. Let 6tat 
d'un roi, the dominions of a king : a list, a 
register, an account. Jitat det officiert, a list 
.of the officers. £tat de met dtpeniet, an ac- 
count of my expenses. 

Etau, tm, a vice, a kind of iron-press with 
screws. £tau a main, a hand-Yice. 

Ktaux, tm, pli butchers' -shambles. 

Etaibnrnt, Ml. propping, staying, supporting : 
what is propped, stayed or supported. 

Stayer, va. to prop, to support, to prevent 
from falling by placing something under or 
sgaiani : tp tmtwt, to stay, to bold or bear . 



ETB 

«p« A mf ir «m vmux MtwMirt, topiop: n old 
building. 

Xri« fRi. 8iimiB«r, the Muon that begimi with 
the lolstice of June and ends with the equi- 
nox of September. Un jowr dUte, a Bum- 

^ mer-daj. LVt« d« 2a vwj the age of manhood. 

Btb, fMft. of itrtt been. 

^TEiCNoiB, tm. an extinguisher, a hoUow 

^ conical utensil put on a candle to ez tinguish it. 

£teini>bx, va. to extinguish, to put out, to 
quench, to auBbcate, to smother : to abolish, 
to destroy, to put an end to. Ateindrt lefeu, 
laehandelU, to put out the fire or candle. 
Muindre ion amour, sa haine, to extinguish 
loYe or hatred in tite breast. Cette race est 

, ftMU, that race is extinct. 

Eteindrb (S'), vr. to go out, to become extinct : 
to abate, to decrease. Le feu $'6teint, the 
£re is going out. Man araeur s'e$t ^teinte, 
mj ardour has abated. 

Ktbint, part, of ^teindre, extinguished, out, 
extinct. y«ii<^teiHts, dull eyes : eyes with- 
out expression. Voii cCeiate, a low and weak 
▼oice. 

Stknd AGE, sm. lines on which anything is hung 
up to dry. 

Ktendard, tm, a standard, an ensign of war, 
colours, banner, flag. L'^tendard de la France, 
do I'AngUterre, the French or English flag. 
Arbortr tUtcndard, to hoist the colours. Le- 
ver VcUndard, to rebel, to revolt. Com- 
battre tons lei tiendards de qiielqu*un, to em- 
brace the party or cause of another. ■ 

KrxNDOin^ sm. a printer's peel, a kind of flat 
shovel with a long handle used by printers 
to spread the printed sheets on the lines. 

irBKDBK, va, to extend, to spread, to stretch 
(in lei^^ and breadth), to expand, to lay 
open : to increase, to enlarge : to continue, 
to prolong, to lengthen. Etendre ua drop, 
to spread a sheet. Etendre l*or ious le mar- 
Uau, to extend gold by hsnunering. Etendre 
du hewrre twr du pain, to spread butter on 
bread. £tendre ia domination, to extend one*s 
muthority. Etendre lei brat, to stretch the 
arms. Etendre quelqu'un iur le carreau, to 
knock one down. 

&TKNDBX (S*), or. to stretch oneself: to extend, 
to stretch, to spread, to reach, to be con- 
tinned in length or breadth : to enlarge, to 
expatiate upon, to dwell upon. Je mUtendis 
ear Vherbe, I stretched myself on Uie grass. 
Londrei intend pour ainii dire jiufu'a Chel' 
tea, London extends almost as far as Chelsea. 
Mom pouTBoir ne ictend pat juique Ui, my 
power does not extend so far. Voui t'ous 
iteiuUx trop tur u tn^et, you dwell' too much 
upon that subject. 

6rENDir,port.p.of ^TSNnRE, stretched, spread 
out: large, long, ;tedious: sprawling: seated. 
Jl etait tout Hendu de ton long, he lay stretched 
on the ground. Un diieoun twp itendu, a long 
and tedious speech. 

fcrEKDUE, <f. extent, '