(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "An examination of the English ancestry of George Washington, setting forth the evidence to connect him with the Washingtons of Sulgrave and Brington"

Google 



This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on library shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project 

to make the world's books discoverable online. 

It has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject 

to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expired. Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books 

are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that's often difficult to discover. 

Marks, notations and other maiginalia present in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book's long journey from the 

publisher to a library and finally to you. 

Usage guidelines 

Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the 
public and we are merely their custodians. Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order to keep providing tliis resource, we liave taken steps to 
prevent abuse by commercial parties, including placing technical restrictions on automated querying. 
We also ask that you: 

+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Google Book Search for use by individuals, and we request that you use these files for 
personal, non-commercial purposes. 

+ Refrain fivm automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort to Google's system: If you are conducting research on machine 
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the 
use of public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help. 

+ Maintain attributionTht GoogXt "watermark" you see on each file is essential for in forming people about this project and helping them find 
additional materials through Google Book Search. Please do not remove it. 

+ Keep it legal Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just 
because we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States, that the work is also in the public domain for users in other 
countries. Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of 
any specific book is allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner 
anywhere in the world. Copyright infringement liabili^ can be quite severe. 

About Google Book Search 

Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers 
discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. You can search through the full text of this book on the web 

at |http: //books .google .com/I 



-tcS ¥-^90- 4^; 



%i.J)i^.isrf,' ^ 




S^atirart ffiollege lUlratB 

cfinag-auj^A^.. Atnujitu., 

IS(Dd}.i$«t 



?^w) 



b'i.-4-f-IU...L;_^' 



ANCESTRY OF WASHINGTON. 



^mm 




^i0m 


■'-- V;J^; 


■S, '. '•'»-^i>» ^^H 


^ '|;I^1 


^ 




t^ 


rw^ 



By irENET P. WATERS. 



-r^^-S 





AN EXAMINATION 



OF THE 



(ffuglisl) ^uastrg 



OF 



GEORGE WASHINGTON, 



SETTING FORTH THE EVIDENCE TO CONNECT HIM 



WITH THE 



WilSHINGTONS OF SULGRilVE MD BRINGTON. 



HENRY E/ WATERS. A.M. 



Reprinted from the N. E. Historical and Genealogical Register for 

October, 1889. 



BOSTON : 

PRINTED FOR THE 
NEW ENGLAND HISTORIC GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY. 

1889. 



\^ 4 5 "^ O . ^vT 



• • »-mf»^ 



J.D-^^s^=H^^U^ 



00 r 18 It 



%^ >vaw tu-. . HtA^' '^^^' ^*^ ' 



Copyright, 1889, 
By the New England Historic Genealogical Society. 



David Clapp & Son, Printers. 



Betiicateti to 

JAMES J. GOODWIN OF HARTFORD. CONNECTICUT. 

IN GRATEFUL RECOGNITION OF HIS FRIENDSHIP AND HIS LIBERALITY 

IN SUPPORTING THESE RESEARCHES. 



1* 



THE ANCESTRY OF WASHINGTON. 



In the July number of the N. E. Historical and Genealogical Reg- 
ister I announced some discoveries about the Washington family which 
I then expected to publish among my Gleanings for that number. 
Very soon after that announcement I discovered some additional 
facts so interesting and important, and, apparently, so clearly pointing 
to the true line of ancestry of our first President that I thought it best, 
after consulting my friends in England and America, to withhold the 
matter thus promised until I could add to it these new facts and 
publish them together, in order that their due relations to each other 
might be the more apparent. I do not claim to have made an 
exhaustive study of the Washington Genealogy. That is not my pro- 
vince, as the readers of my Gleanings must, by this time, be well 
aware. My function rather is similar to that of the prospector who 
finds the hidden lode of rich ore and makes it known to the miners 
who may wish to follow up and develop the vein more thoroughly. 
It is for me to search out and discover the clews and place them in 
the hands of the specialists who come after, that they may be guided 
in the right direction and so not waste their efforts in random labor 
on unfruitful ground. If, in addition, I do occasionally, as in the 
present case, furnish evidence illustrating a pedigree more at length, 
it is simply because in my extended wanderings over a wide field I 
have naturally gathered such facts as have come to my notice and 
saved them for the general good. 

Before entering upon the story of these discoveries let me first state 
the problem which was to be solved, and refer to one or two attempts 
which have been made at its solution in the past. The American 
line of ancestry had been traced back clearly to a John Washington 
who, with his brother Lawrence, crossed the ocean to Virginia 
about 1657. The problem was to find their parentage and ancestry 
in England. It was known that both of them made wills which 
were proved in Virginia. These wills, or abstracts of them, will I 
doubt not accompany this paper.* 

* Nothing can be added to the statement of Bishop Meade, in regard to the wills of the 
two emigrants, of which documents he gives abstracts. The will or John Washington was 
then recorded at Westmoreland Court House, ** in an old book of wills, though in a some- 
what mutilated form." Since then the book has disappeared, probably during the time of 
the late war. The will of ** John Washington, of Washington parish, in the county of 
Westmoreland, in Virginia, gentleman," was dated February 26, 1675, and proved January 
10, 1677. He directs his body to be buried on the plantation upon which he lived, by the 
side of his wife and two children. He divides a number of landed estates between his 
second and surviving wife and his children, John, Lawrence and Anne, and also his proper- 



Sir Isaac Heard, then Garter King of Arms, began in 1791 the 
discussion of this problem, as I learn from an essay on this subject 
written by the late Col. Joseph L. Chester, LL.D., D.C.L., and 
published in the ** Herald and Genealogist" (London), September, 
1866, and republished in America in **The Heraldic Journal" 
(Boston), October, 1866, and again in ''The N. E. Historical and 
Genealogical Register" (Boston), January, 1867. From this paper 
I quote the following extract : 

Sir Isaac took as the basis of his pedigree the Heraldic Visitations of 
Northamptonshire, io which the Washington family was included. Starting 
with the well-known fact that the first emigrants of the name to Virginia 
were two brothers named John and Lawrence Washington, who left Eng- 
land for that colony about the year 1657, he found recorded in the Visitation 
of 1618 the names of John and Lawrence described as sons of Lawrence 
Washington of Sulgrave in that county, who had died in the year 1616. 
The names being identical with those of the Virginia emigrants, and the 
period at which they lived not altogether inappropriate, Sir Isaac assumed 
their personal identity ; and on this assumption constructed his pedigree, 
deducing the descent of the American President through this heraldic 
family of Northamptonshire from the still more ancient one of the name in 
Lancashire. It is but just to the memory of Sir Isaac to say that he him- 
self only regarded the pedigree as a conjectural one, and that he took the 
precaution to leave on the margin of his own copy a note (which was seen 
and copied by Mr. Sparks) to the effect that he was not clearly satisfied 
that the connection of the President with the Sulgrave family was or could 
be substantiated." 

Mr. Baker, in his History of Northamptonshire, followed Sir 
Isaac's example, but without any reservation. He confidently assert- 
ed that John, son of Lawrence Washington of Sulgrave, was of 
South Cave, co. York, and emigrated to America (from whom, 
in the third generation. President Washington was derived), and that 
Lawrence (the brother of this John) was a student at Oxford, 1622, 
and emigrated to America with his brother. 

The above pedigree was accepted by all as authoritative until 
1863, when Isaac J. Greenwood, Esq., of New York, threw 

ty in England. He leaves £1000 to his brother-in-law, Thomas Pope; and £1000 and foar 
thousand weight of tobacco to his sister, who had come or was coming over to this country. 
He raalses his wife and brother Lawrence his executors. 

The will of Lawrence Washington, of Rappahannock county, dated September 27, 
1675, proved January 6, 1677, is presumed to be still on record. Bishop Meade's abstract 
agrees with the complete copy printed in Welles's book, which latter document is attested 
by James Roy Micou, Clerk of Essex County, Va. It gives all his property in England 
to his daughter Mary and the heirs of her body ; failing them to children John and Ann. 
He then mentions his loving wife Jane and her two children, John and Ann, both under 
age, and the land which came to him in the right of his wife, on the south side of the river, 
formerly l>eIonging to Capt. Alexander Flemming. Gives two hundred acres of land to 
Alexander Barrow. Appoints wife Jane, executrix, brother Col. John Washington and 
friend Thomas Hawkins, overseers. 

We now know that John Washington was born prior to 1634, and Lawrence was born in 
1635. Hence they were aged respectively about 24 and 22 years in 1667, when they are 
said to have emigrated to Virginia. Nothing in the wills is decisive of the point whether 
either or both married prior to their leaving England, but it is more probable than not, and 
our English friends should be on the look-out for such marriages. In Virginia there mav 
yet be found some dates of grants or purchases of land which will aid in showing their 
progress there. — William H. Whithobe. 



doubts upon it in a paper communicated to the N. E. Historical and 
Genealogical Register for July of that year, by suggesting that 
John and Lawrence, the sons of Lawrence Washington of Sulgrave, 
were too old to have been the emigrants to Virginia. He also sug- 
gested that the Virginians might have been descended from Sir 
William Washington of Packington, Eji*., eldest son of Lawrence 
of Sulgrave. 

In Col. Chester's Essay, already referred to, the theory advanced 
by Sir Isaac Heard and so confidently asserted by Baker in his 
History, was thoroughly disproved by the array of evidence brought 
forward which showed that John, the son of Lawrence Washington 
of Sulgrave, was clearly Sir John Washington of Thrapston, both 
of whose wives died in England, the latter (Dame Dorothy) out- 
living her husband ; while it is well known that John Washington, 
the emigrant, buried his first wife (whose name is unknown) in 
Virginia, and married, secondly, Ann (Pope) whom he appointed 
executrix of his will, jointly with his brother Lawrence. The chil- 
dren of Sir John, of Thrapston, were Mordaunt, John and Philip. 
The children of John, of Virginia, were John, Lawrence and Anne. 
Col. Chester also showed how improbable it was that Lawrence, the 
brother of Sir John, could have been the Lawrence who emigrated 
to Virginia, by proving that he was a clergyman of the established 
church ; while Lawrence, of Virginia, simply styled himself " gentle- 
man," a most unlikely thing for him to do, if he were in holy orders. 

Col. Chester contented himself with thus completely demolishing 
the former theory, without setting up a new one in its place : so the 
original problem was left unchanged. On the American side of the 
water we had a complete chain running back from the President to 
the first settler of the name. There the chain, like the vast majority 
of American pedigrees, was broken short off, at the water's edge. 
The task which lay before me, on my arrival in England in 1883, 
was to drag the depths in all directions, with the hope of picking 
up, somewhere, the lost end of the English line to which the 
American line belonged. Fortunately I did not come over to hunt 
for Washingtons alone : such a task would have seemed well nigh 
appalling. I was on the lookout for references to every American 
family of English origin, whatever the name ; and the tedium and 
monotony of my toilsome search has been relieved by almost daily 
discoveries, some of exceptional value and importance, like those 
relating to the Harvard family, the famous Rogers family of New 
England, the family of Roger Williams, and others of less interest, 
perhaps, to the general reader, but full of interest, doubtless, to those 
engaged in the investigation of the genealogies of the special families 
mentioned in my notes. 

At first I gleaned over the whole field for Washingtons and found 
them in various counties, (e.g.) Yorkshire, Westmoreland, Lanca- 
shire, Leicestershire, Worcestershire, Warwickshire, Northampton- 



8 

shire, Oxfordshire, Buckinghamshire, Berkshire, Hertfordshire, 
Middlesex, Kent, Surrey, Wiltshire, Devonshire, Essex, Suffolk and 
Norfolk. In the fall of 1884 or the spring of 1885 I made a very 
important discovery which led me to limit my field of search, by 
finding a point on the soil of the mother country to which I could 
make fast the end of the American line. It appears that upon the 
death of Lawrence Washino^ton of Virginia, although his will, as I 
have said, was proved in Virginia, letters of administration on his 
goods, &c., were granted in England, as follows : — 

"MenseMaij 1677 tricesimo die Em* Com® Edmundo Jones principali 
creditori Lauren tii Washington nuper de Luton in Comitatu Bedford sed 
apud Virginia in partibus transmarinis decedeS ad adstrand bona jura et 
credita diet deft de bene etc jurat." Admon. Act Book (P. C. C.) 

This was a great step, and it behoved me to make a careful search 
all around Luton and its immediate neighborhood for further traces. 
This parish is in the extreme southern part of Bedfordshire, on a kind 
of tongue or neck jutting into the neighboring county of Herts. 
For more than four years I have borne this discovery in mind, and 
in all that time have never let a will made by any one in that part 
of Bedfordshire or of Hertfordshire pass under my notice without the 
most careful scrutiny ; and 1 made known my discovery to most of 
my English friends, that they might keep their eyes open in that 
quarter. I had already, to be sure, found an Adam Washington, 
gentleman, seated at Brent Pelham, Herts, whose father, Adam 
Washington, citizen and mercer of London, was evidently of the 
Washington family of Grayrigg in Kendal, Westmoreland, but I 
had examined the wills relating to them without getting any light 
about the emic^rants to Virginia. 

Good fortune, which has so often befriended me in my genealogical 
work, once more rewarded my plodding toil with bountiful generosity ; 
and this time she added to the value of her gift by bestowing it 
through the hand of a friend. It happened in this way. While the 
official work of indexing certain bonds, once belonging to the 
Hitchin Registry of the Archdeaconry of Huntingdon, was recently 
in progress in the Probate Registry, one came to light of which the 
following is an abstract : 

A Bond of John Dagnall, of Grove in the parish of Tring, in co. Herts, 
Yeoman, and William Roades of Middle Claydon, in co. Bucks., Gen., 
in the sum of one thousand pounds, dated 29 January 1649 (50), for the 
administration of the goods &c. of Andrew Knowling, of Tring in the 
county of Herts., gen., lately deceased, with the will annexed, during the 
minority of Lawrence Washington the younger, at that time of the age of 
fourteen years ; also for their faithful conduct as guardians or curators of 
the said Lawrence Washington &c. 

Tring is but twelve miles, or a little more, from Luton,* and the 

* See map front of title page. Tring is described in the Gazetteer as a parish and market 
town in Hertfordshire, 28 miles west of Hertford. Acres 7390, houses 667, population 3488 



two towns are connected, by way of Dunstable and, thence, along 
the old Icknield Way which runs from Dunstable to the immediate 
neighborhood of Tring. It was altogether probjible then that here 
was the early home of Lawrence Washington of Luton and Virginia. 
As I was absent from London at the time of this discovery, my friend 
took the pains to bunt up the will of Mr. Knowling in order that he 
might make an abstract of it so as to gratify me with the sight of it 
upon my next visit at Somerset House. Since then, however, I have 
made a full copy of this will, which is here given : — 

In the Name of God Amen the Thirteenth day of January in the yeare of 
o' Lord god one Thousand Sixe hundred flforty and Nine I Andrew Know- 
ling of Tring in the County of Hertf ' gent' being weake ot body but of 
sound and pfect memory (thanks be giuen to All mighty God) doe make & 
ordaine this to be my last will & testam' in mann^ & forme following viz' In- 
primis I bequeath my soulle into the handes of allmighty God my most 
mercifull Creato' assuredly trusting through the merrittes death & passion 
of my Lord & only Savio' Jesus Christ to enioye eternall life & my body 
to thearth from whence it came to be decently buried. Item I give to the 
poore of the Towne of Tring and the upp Hamblettes the some of Twentie 
Shillings to be paid within one month next after my decease. Item I give 
to the poore of \YilIsterne within the said pish of Tring the some of 
Twenty Shillings to be paid in sorte and mann'^ as aforesaid. Item I give 
to the poore of Wigginton in the said County of Herts Tenn Shillings to be 
paid as aforesaid: Item I will give and bequeath unto Lawrance Washing- 
ton the younger (my godsonne) All my freehould Landes and Tenem*** 
whatsoeu^ lying and being within the pish of Tring aforesaid or else where 
within the Realme of England. To haue and to hould the same to him and 
his heires for euer. Item I give and bequeath unto Amphilis Washington 
my daughter in lawe (& mother of the said Lawrance) the some of Tliree- 
score poundes of Curr* mony of England to be paid her within six months 
after my decease. Item I give and bequeath unto Elizabeth iiitzherbert 
one other of my daughters in Lawe the some of ffortye pounds of Curr* 
mony to be paid in sorte and mann'' as is last above menconed. Item I give 
and bequeath unto William Roades my sonne in Lawe the some of Tenn 
poundes of Curr* mony to be paid within sixe months next after my decease : 
Item I give and bequeath unto the said Elizabeth ffitzherbert all my corne 
& graine whatsoeu' now within doores or without. Item I give and be- 
queath unto the Two daughters of my late daughter in Lawe Susann Bil- 
ling deceased begotten of her body by her late husband John Billing of 
Lillington in the County of Buck, Tallowe Chauudler, Tenn poundes 
apeece to be paid within sixe monthes after my decease And my will is that 
if either of the said Two children dye before her Legacie shalbecome due 

in 1831. It is perhaps best known by the popular, though unfounded rhyme, applied to one 
of the ancestors of «John Hampden, who was said to have forfeited three manors for striking 
the Black Prince with his racket when they quarrelled at tennis. 

" Tring, Wing and Ivanboe, 

For striking of a blow, 

Hampden did forego, 

And glad he could escape 80.*' 
Unfortunately neither of these manors ever belonged to a Hampden, (See Notes and 
Queries, 3rd S., v. p. 176.') 

Luton is a town in Bedrordshire, with 16,600 acres and about 6000 population. A glance 
at the map shows however that Tring and Luton are but a fisw miles apart and a resident in 
one town might easily be well known in the other.— W|];«i4UH H. Wuitmobb. 



10 

and payable Then I will that the Legacie of her dying shalbe paid to the 
other surviving. Item I give and bequeath unto John Washington, William 
Washington, Elizabeth Washington, Margarett Washington & Martha Wash- 
ington (children of the said Amphilis Washington my daughter in Lawe) 
The some of Eight and Twenty poundes a peece of Curr* mony to be paid 
to them att theire seu'all & respective Ages of One and Twenty years, To 
be putt out in the meane tyme for theire best benefitt & advantage And my 
will and meaning is that if any of the said ffiue children viz' John, William, 
Elizabeth, Margarett and Martha Washington shall happen to die before his 
her or theire Legacie or Legacies shall become due & payable, That 
then the Legacie or Legacies of him, her or them soe dying shalbe 
equally divided amongst the rest of them the said five children surviving. 
Item I give and bequeath unto Susan Emmerton of Tring aforesaid widd 
the some of ffifty shillings to be paid to her within sixe monthes after my 
decease. All the rest of my goodes Catties and chatties & grsonall estate 
not heerin given and disposed of, my debts and Legacies heerin giuen paid 
and my fun^all chardges defrayed I give unto the said Lawrance Washing- 
ton the young' my Godsonne whome I make sole and whoUe executo' of 
this my last Will and Testam* And I earnestly desire John Dagnall of 
Groue within the pish of Tring aforesaid yeoman John Lake of Willsf^ne 
aforesaid Gent' & the said Willm Roades and Elizabeth flStzherbert to take 
upon them (for the sole benefitt & behoof e of the said Lawrance Washing* 
myne Executo') The admi'stracon of my goodes & Chatties during 
the minoritie of the said Lawrance Washing' & to see the due pformance 
of this my said Will, And I doe giue unto them Tenn shillinges a peece All 
former Wills by me made I doe heerby Revoake & repeale and declare 
this to be my last Will and Testament. In Wittnes Whereof I the said 
Andrew Knowling haue heereunto putt my hand and seale the day and 
yeare first above written. 

Andrew Knowling. 
Sealed subscribed published and q^ his m'ke 

deliu'ed in the p'nce of 

John flStzherbert William Dagnalle 

Thomas Norman James Benning, his m'ke 

I B 

Itm I will this to be pt of my Will viz* I giue and bequeath unto W™ 
Knowling beau' maker in old Bridewell Lond* the sonie of fewer pounds 
to buy him a Ring 

William Dagnalle 

James [I B] Benning his m'ke 

Thomas Norman 

John ffitzherbert (testibus) 

Yicesimo nono die Mensis Januarij Anno dni stilo Anglie 1649 apud 
Whethampsted p m'm Gulielmu Dauis in Artibus Magrm surrogatu 
YeSrlis viri JohaSis Jackson in legibus bacchalaurei Offitis etc. CoMissa fuit 
Admstraco oiu et singloru bonorti iuriu etc hmoi Andree Knowlinge 
gen'osi nug de Tryng defuncti unacu testafiito suo hmoi annexe Johanni 
Dagnall et Guilielmo Roades in testMo prdco nominatis quos dms consti- 
tuit in Curatores seu Gardianos Laurentio Washington Juniori dci testaMti 
executor! etatis 14 aorti vel circiter ac quibas acceptaS officiu in se Gar- 
dianoru seu Curatoru p'd de bene et fideir adm'straiid etc. Obligtur dci 
Johes Dagnall de Tryng p'd Yeoman et Guilfiius Roades de Middle Clay- 
don Cofii Bucks : gefi in 1000" 



11 

Through this happy discovery we are at last introduced, in all 
probability,, to the immediate fc^mily of the two emigrants to Yirginia^ 
their mother, brother, thre^ sisters, uncle, aunts, cousins and grand- 
father by marriage ; for I suppose we may reasonably infer the 
marriage of Mr. Andrew Knowling with the widowed mother of 
WilliaEQ Eoades, Amphillis Washington, Elizabeth Fitzherbert and 
Susanna Billing. The name of the husband of Amphillis is not 
given, but from the fact that the executor and reaiduary legatee 
named in the will is called Lawrence Washington the younger, we 
may also conjecture that his father's name was Lawrence. 

A visit to Tring came next in order. There I was most cordially 
received by the Vicar of that parish, the Kev. W. Quennell, who, 
having a taste for such investigations and being evidently pleased 
that I had traced the Washington family to his parish, was kind 
euough to assist me. The Begisters previous to 1634, I found, 
were not in very good order, and I made a rather hasty examination 
of them. That beginning 1634 was entitled ^* A Begester Booke 
conteaning all the names hereafter Named either Baptized, Married 
or Buried. Bought by Maister Andreu Knolinge, Bichard Hunton " 
(and others, whose names are given and who are called churchwar- 
dens). In it I found the following : — 

Baptisms, 

Crisames aenc our Ladie daye Anno Dom 1635 Layaranc sonn of 
Layarance Washington June the xxiii* 

Baptized senc our Ladye daye Anno dom 1636 Elizabeth da of Mr 
Larranc Washington Aug xvii 

Baptized senc Mickellmas daye Anno Dofii i64i William sonn of Mr 
Larrance Washentoa baptized the xiiij^ daij 

J^iaU, 

Andrew Knolling was bur^ this xxi^ of January 1 649. 

£dward Fitzherbert bur. the iii of May 1654. 

Mrs Washington bur: ye xix of Jan: 1654. 

Mr John Dagnall of the Grove bur^ 17 Aug. 1691. 

This confirnGied my conjecture that the father's name was Law- 
rence; apd^ froni the fact that the son was called ^^ Lawrence 
Washiugton the younger" in Mr. Knowling's will, it is plain that 
the father was alive when that will was made, in January, 1649-50. 
I did not find the baptisms of John, Margaret or Martha Washing- 
ton, and could not therefore determine the age of John Washington 
at the date of his immigration to Virginia. Fortunately this was 
settled, near eqough, i^ another way. My next discovery was the 
following : — 

February 1655 liie Eighth day Lres of adSon yssued forth to John 
Washington the nrall and lawful! sone of Amphillis Washington late of 
Tring in the County of Hertford de6d to adster the goodes Chells and 
debtes of the said deed Hee beeing fb^st sworne truly to adster &c. 

Admon. Act Book (P. C. C), 42. 
2 



12 

From this I drew two inferences : first, that Mr. Lawrence 
Washington, husband of Amphillis and father of John and Lawrence, 
had predeceased his wife; and, secondly, that John Washington, to 
whom the letters of Admon. issued, was the eldest son. As we 
have seen, Lawrence was baptized in the summer of 1635 and 
Elizabeth in 1636. John could not have been born later than 1634, 
and must have been at least twenty-one years of age at the grant of 
admon., and twenty-three in 1657, the date of emigration. 

My next endeavor was to find, if possible, the wills of William 
E.oades, Elizabeth Fitzherbert and John Dagnall. The first, which 
I soon found, was as follows : — 

William Roades (residence not mentioned) 19 September 1657, proved 
17 November 1658. To my son John twelve pence and to his wife and 
two children, William and Anne Roades, twelve pence apiece. To my 
grand child William Lee twelve pence, and my best bible after my wife's 
decease. The residue to be divided into four parts, of which one part to 
my wife and the other three parts to my daughters Hannah, 'Hester and 
Sarah Roades. My wife to be executrix. 

The will was proved by Hannah Roades, the widow. 

Wootton (P. C. C), 608. 

As his place of abode had not been mentioned I called for the 
Probate Act Book for that year, and found that the testator was of 
Middle Claydon, Bucks. 

The will of Mr. John Dagnall, of Grove, I also found after some- 
thing of a search, but got no help from it. He only named his 
immediate family. My search after Mrs. Fitzherbert was a much 
longer one. At last I came upon the wills of a family of that name, 
settled in Oxfordshire, which seemed to me worth saving. 

Robert Fitzherbert of Begbrooke, Oxon. Esq., 2 August 1636, proved 
22 November 1636. Mentions children of brother William Fitzherbert, 
sister Dyonis Fitzherbert, children of sister Morgan (William, James and 
Mary), John Fitzherbert, one of the sons of brother Humfrey Fitzkerbert 
deceased, niece Anne Clement, brother Edward Fitzherbert and his children, 
John, Edward and Mary, sister Ursula and her children, Thomas, Solymie 
and Mary, and her grandchild Robert Kente. Thomas Leeke (alias Leake) 
son of my half brother John Leake deceased. Pile (P. C. C), 107. 

Edward Fitzharbert of Middleston Stony, Oxon. Gen^ 10 June 1639. 
My body to be buried in the parish Church of Middleston Stony, near sou 
Nicholas, deceased. To wife Elizabeth my lease of house and two yards 
&c. in same parish. Eldest son John, son Edward and daughter Mary 
Fitzherbert. Brother John Fitzharbert of Bagbrooke Esq. to be executor. 

The executor having renounced commission issued to Elizabeth Fitzhar- 
bert, the widow, 5 May, 1642. Cambell (P. C. C), 70. 

John Fitzherbert the elder, of Begbrooke, Oxon. Esq., 1 April 1649, 
proved 25 April 1649. Mentions nephew John, son of brother Edward 
deceased (evidently regarded as heir), nephew Edward and niece Mary 
Fitzherbert, also children of deceased brother Edward; kinsman Mr. 
Thomas Hinton and Mr. John Garrett, both of Great Tue, Oxon. The 
witnesses were John Fitzherbert, Elizabeth Fitzherbert and John Goad, 
cleric. Fairfax (P, C. C), 49. 



13 

John Fitzherbert, of Bedbrooke, Oxon. Esq., 26 May 1658, proved 23 
March 1660. MeDtions friends Thomas Hinton of Banbury, Oxon., and 
John Garrett, of Great Tewe, Oxon., Gen* ; my manor of Begbrooke ; wife 
Anne ; my three younger sons, William, Thomas and John (under fourteen) ; 
eldest son Francis ; daughters Elizabeth and Mary Fitzherbert ; father in 
law Edward Atkins, one of the Justices of the Common Bench. 

May (P. C. C), 44. 

My reason for saving these wills was that I guessed Mrs. Elizabeth 
Fitzherbert might be the widow of Edward Fitzherbert. Her son 
John was a witness of Mr. Knowling's will. Her son Edward was 
buried at Tring. (It was her nephew John, however, who inherited 
the manor of Begbrooke.) This was for a long time only a guess, 
until, at last, it was converted into a certainty by the following will : 

Elizabeth Fitzherbert, of Much Waltham, Essex, widow, 23 February, 
1684, proved 29 November 1689. She devised all her lands and tenements 
&c. in Tring, Herts., and the houses and lands called Makins, in Middleton 
Stony, Oxford, and all her estate and rights &c. in them to John Freeman, 
of Luton, Bedfordshire, gentleman, and Samuel Marshall of Norstend, 
Much Waltham, Esq. (in trust) during the joint lives of John Rotheram, 
of Much Waltham, Esq., and Mary his wife, her daughter, to pay the rents, 
issues and profits of the said houses in Tring &c. to the said Mary, with 
other provisions in case of their deaths; and the said John Freeman, of 
Luton, was to be executor of the will. Ent (P. C. C), 154. 

Although somewhat disappointed that neither of these wills men- 
tioned the Washingtons and so I was not yet possessed of the 
positive evidence for which I had been seeking in order to prove 
beyond a doubt the identity of the Virginians with John and Law- 
rence of Tring, yet I was, on the whole, satisfied with that of Mrs. 
Fitzherbert, which, by its mention of Luton, strengthened the 
probabilities of the case. And I was well aware that the family of 
Rotheram was a very important one in Luton and its neighborhood 
(see the Visitations of Bedfordshire), and that through marriages 
they were connected with Tring as well. 

A pedigree of this family of Fitzherbert may be found in the 
Visitations of Oxford (Harleian So. Pub.). 

All this time I was seeking to find an answer to the question, who 
was this Mr. Lawrence Washington, the father of these children? 
That he was styled " Mr." on the church Register meant that he was 
either a clergyman or a person of some importance, and I had a sus- 
picion, which I hardly dared to breathe, that he might be that 
parson of Purleigh, about whom I have for years had the feeling 
that if he could only be hunted down we might possibly be able to 
dispel the mystery enveloping the lineage of Washington. It is 
perhaps needless to say that I determined to watch most carefully 
for even the slightest indication of a clew which might lead to the 
identification of this Lawrence Washington of Tring. First of all, 
it seemed best to examine with the greatest care all the papers 



14 

connected with the probate of Mr. KnowHng's will, partly for the 
purpose of making the full copy of that will which I intended to 
publish in extensOy and partly in the hope that I might come upon 
something or other, not yet known, which would help me a stage 
further in my research. I found the will, as 1 have already given 
it. I found also an inventory of the personal property of the testator, 
appraised 23 January, 1649, at 534£. ll^ 8^. 

Connected with these papers was a bond of guardianship made 
by John Dagnall of Grove ifa the parish of Tring, co. Herts, 
Yeoman, in the sum of fifty pounds, dated 29 January, 1649 (50), as 
guardian and curator of the two daughters of Susan Billing deceased^ 
begotten of her body by her late husband John Billing, of Lillington 
iti the CO. of Bucks, tallow chandler, the said John Dagnall having 
been appointed their guardian, &c., for the reason that he was the 
husband of Elizabeth Dagnall, sister* by the mother to the said two 
daughters. 

It will be noticed that this bond was made on the very same day 
that the will of Mr. Knowling was produced and Admoh. granted^ 
in court at Whethampsted, and the bond was undoubtedly drawn ttp 
and signed there. 

I then saw a little bit of paper, doubled or folded upon itself, 
which upon opening seemed about three inches long and from an 
inch and a half to two inches wide, and covered with writing. 
Seeing, at a glance, that it wa6 evidently an official memorandum of 
the issuing of the letters of guardianship and of the oath taken by 
Mr. Dagnall for the faithful performance of hi« trust, I did not read 
it through but at once set about copying it in full, little realizing the 
start of surprise and gratification I should experience when I should 
come to the end of what proved to be the most valuable and impoir- 
tant bit of genealogical evidence that I ever saw or ever expect to 
see in the course of my gleanings. This little memorandum was as 
follows : — 

M*" qd 29^ die Januarij Anno dni 1649^ apud Whethatnsted concessae 
faerunt Irae Curatoriae ad lites daabus filiabus Susannse Banning defi 
legatariis in testfiio hufiioi Andrese Knowlinge ^recug-acone legatoru eisdem 
in dco testmo donai at de dispoBicoe eorunde ad usu et commodu dcarii 
filiaru duran earfl respS minori aetata et fidelr se gerend etc. et da reddo 
Comp£o etc JohSi Dagnall de Grove gochisB de Tring marito Elizabathr» 
matartarae dfiaru filiarQ iura£ etc cora 

pnta ma Guil : Rolfe Laurentio Washington 

nofio pubco in Art : magro Surrog : Omlis 

etc hac vice 
Obligtur dcus JohSs Dagnall in 50". 

It will be noted that Susanna's name in this memorandum is 
Benning, instead of Billing, a confusion of the two liquid sounds 1 

* In the original ** Aunte '* had been first written, and then a line drawn through it and 
** sister " written above, with a caret beneath the line.— h. p. w. 



15 

and n which may be noticed in other languages as well as English. 
Moreover ^^ matertercB^^ (aunt by the mother) is left uncorrected. 
The correction, however, was made in the bond, which is in the 
English language. Probably Mr. Dagnall read it over before sign- 
ing and noticed the error. 

Here we have proof of identification, and of the most positive and 
concIuBive character. There cannot be the least doubt that this 
Lawrence Washington, M.A., was the husband of Amphillis and 
the father of her children. He was there in the Archdeacon's Court 
at Whethampsted, evidently to protect the interests of that wife and 
those children, who, under the will presented and allowed in court 
that day, were to receive the bulk of Mr. Knowling's personal estate, 
while the second son, Lawrence, as the acknowledged heir of his 
godfather and the executor of his will, was to inherit the real estate 
of the deceased and all the residuum of the personal estate after the 
debts, legacies and funeral expenses and other charges should have 
been settled and paid. There can be but little doubt that this same 
Lawrence Washington, M. A., who was acting as temporary Surrogate 
in the Archdeacon's Court on this occasion, was a clergyman ; for that 
court was an ecclesiastical one, and the office of Surrogate in Testa- 
mentary courts was usually, if not invariably, held by a clergyman. 
The father of these children, then, was a clergyman and a Master of 
Arts. We have record of only one Lawrence Washington to whom 
that would apply, namely the fifth ( ?) son of Lawrence Washington 
of Sulgrave, brother of Sir William Washington of Packington, and 
of Sir John Washington of Thrapston. He was student. Lector and 
Fellow of Brasenose, and in 1631 Proctor of the University of 
Oxford, and afterwards Rector of Purleigh. The long search after 
the true line of ancestry of our Washington, begun in 1791, was 
practically brought to a successful close when that little paper was 
discovered on Monday, the third of June, 1889. 

My next object was to find out, if possible, how it was that Mr. 
Lawrence Washington became acquainted with people in Tring, 
what influences led him thither, and how he came to settle there or 
in its neighborhood apparently after his ejection from Purleigh in 
1643. With that end in view I went to the British Museum and 
consulted the various Histories of Herts, by Salmon, Chauncy, 
Clutter buck and Cussans, reading everything they liad to say about 
Tring and the families seated in its neighborhood; and I made 
another interesting discovery, and one very much to the point. The 
manor of Pendley, which is partly within the parish of Tring and 
partly in the neighboring parish of Aid bury, but with its caput 
maneriiy or manor house, in the former parish, held, 10 Edward I., 
by John d'Aygnel, and thence descending finally to the family of 
Verney, was sold by Sir Francis Verney to Richard Anderson, Esq., 
who held a court there. Anno 5 Jac, /., and was knighted two years 
afterwards. Sir Kichard Anderson's wife, Mary, was a daughter of 
2* 



16 

Robert, Lord Spencer, Baron of Wormleighton, owner of the manor 
of Althorp in Northampton, the great friend of the Washingtons of 
Sulgrave and Brington, as the old account books preserved at Althorp 
show* (see Col. Chester's paper already referred to). This was 
strong corroboration of the other evidence identifying this Mr. 
Lawrence Washington, if corroboration were needed, and it was also 
a complete answer to those questions which had been raised in my 
mind about the influences which brought Mr. Washington to Tring. 
This Sir Richard Anderson seems to have been by far the most im- 
portant parishioner then living in Tring, where he died 3 August, 
1632, and was buried within the chancel rail of the parish church. 
His widow. Dame Mary Anderson, afterwards lived in Richmond 
Surrey, but was buried at Tring, July, 1658. I examined the will 
of Sir Richard Anderson, and was gratified to find further evidence 
confirming my conjecture. It was as follows : 

Sir Richard Anderson of Pendly in the county of Hartford knight, 
5 October 1630, proved 27 August 1632. To the poor of Bitterly in 
Shropshire, Norton in Glostershire, Corringham in Essex, Albury, Tringe 
and Wigginton in Hartfordshire, to each parish five pounds. To the town 
of Tringe ten pounds to be added and employed, with that money already 
there in stock, to set the poor on work, which money of my own and some 
others given to that use is in ifFeoffee's hands at this time thirty pounds. To 
my uncle Francis Garaway or, if dead, amongst his children, twenty pounds ; 
to my uncle M^ John Bowyer and my two cousins, his sons John and Francis, 
either of them, ten pounds. To my brother in law Mr. Thomas Cowly, 
now consul at Sante, twenty pounds. 

Item I bequeath to Mr. Robinson's two sons, one of Pembrooke College, 
the other of Albourne Hall, and to my cousin Larance Washington of 
Brasenose and to Mr. Dagnall of Pembrock College, to each of them forty 
shillings. 

To my wife (over and above her jointure) bedding and household stuff, 
belonging in my father's time to a house he had in Chiswick, &c. &c. My 
bigger diamond ring to my daughter Elizabeth. I will and bequeath to my 
dear and only surviving sister the Lady Spencer of Offley twenty pounds. 
To the Right Hon. the Lord Spencer, Robert Needham Esq., Richard 
Spencer Esq., Sir Edward Spencer knight and Sir Thomas Derham knight, 
my worthy brothers-in-law, ten pounds each. Provision made for second 

* It seems proper to state that these extracts from the Althorp documents were 
first published in 1860 by Rev. John Nassau Simpkinson, then rector of Brington, 
in Northamptonshire, now rector of North Creake, in Norfolk. This gentleman being 
greatly interested in the supposed identity of the emigrants to Virginia with John and 
Lawrence of his parish, wrote a very pleasant story about the Washingtons, and appended 
many extracts from the household books of Lord Spencer. When Col. Chester utterly 
upset this theory, Mr. Simpkinson wrote a manly letter to the New York Nation, printed 
15th April, 1880, acknowledging his mistake. Now, however, that the fact seems estab- 
lished that all the facts collected related to the father and the uncles of our Virginians, it 
is to be hoped that his book will again meet public favor. Very curiously in that letter 
Mr. Simpkinson refers to Col. Chester's collections which had been shown to him in confi- 
dence, and adds, " that some of these documents seemed to me to supply strong presumptive 
proof that the emigrants would be found, after all, to have sprung from the Northampton- 
shire stock, though of a generation below that which was erroneously pointed out." This 
hint makes one seriously doubt if Col. Chester were wise in declining to print his collections 
and surmises until he had full proof, and also to hope that these collections will no 
longer remain secluded from our knowledge until they shall have lost all value and interest 
by the independent researches of others. — W. H. Whithoke. 



17 

son Robert and third son John, and two younger sons William and Richard 
(under one and twenty). Eldest daughter Elizabeth, second daughter Mary 
and third daughter Frances (all unmarried). To five younger daughters, 
Margaret, Katherine, Penelope, Ann, and Bridgett. Son Henry. My 
wife Dame Mary. The manor of Corringham in Essex. Cousin Henry 
Derham gent. Audley, 86 (P. C. C). 

Nothing could be better than this. Having found Mr. Washing- 
ton at Tring, or in its neighborhood, I was now able to show through 
what influence he was led to go there. 

Similar questions arose as to the connection of William Roades of 
Middle Claydon, Bucks, with Tring and its neighborhood, and the 
connection of the Washington family of Sulgrave and Brington with 
Middle Claydon ; important questions if the hypothesis which 1 had 
assumed was correct, viz. that William Roades, Amphillis Washing- 
ton, Susanna Billing and Elizabeth Fitzherbert, were all step-chil- 
dren of Mr. Knowling and children of - Roades deceased, either 
of Tring or of Middle Claydon. Looking into Lipscomb's History of 
Buckinghamshire I found that the manor of Middle Claydon passed 
to the Verney family between 1434 and 1467, in which latter year 
it belonged to Sir Ralph Verney, knight and alderman of London. 
But this was the very family which held the manor of Pendley, in 
Tring and Aldbury, as their chief seat for so many generations until, 
as I have said. Sir Francis Verney sold it in 1607 to Sir Richard 
Anderson. The manor of Middle Claydon had been leased in 1535 
for one hundred years to the GifFord family and from them to Mr. 
Martin Lister, who, in 1620, when the lease had but fifteen years to 
run, surrendered it to Sir Edmund Verney a brother of Sir Francis. 

Here then was a promising clew to follow in order to get at the 
connection between Tring and Middle Claydon, and 1 thought it 
well worth the while to hunt for Sir Edmund Verney's will, which I 
soon found. The following is an abstract : — 

Sir Edmund Verney of Middle Cleydon, in the co. of Bucks knight, 26 
March, 14 Charles, A.D. 1639, proved 23 December, 1642. My body I 
will shall be interred in the chancel of the parish church of Middle Cleydon. 
To the poor of that parish twenty pounds. To my son Thomas Verney, 
for and during his natural life, one annuity or yearly sum of forty pounds 
payable quarterly. To my son Henry a similar annuity of thirty pounds. 
To my son Edmund and every of my daughters, Susanna, Penelope, Mar- 
garet, Cory, Mary and Elizabeth respectively, the sum of five pounds. To 
my cousin Edmund Verney, son of my uncle Urian, an annuity of five 
pounds, payable quarterly. To my niece Dorothy Leeke twenty pounds. 

Item I do give and bequeath unto my servant John Roades of Middle 
Cleydon aforesaid for and during his natural life an annuity or yearlie 
Bume of ten pounds of lawf ull money of England to be paid unto him everie 
yeare for that tyme at the before menconed foure fests by even porcons. 
The first paiefit thereof to be made att such of the said fests as shall first 
come and be next after my decease. To my servant Thomas Chauncy an 
annuity of five pounds. To my daughter in law Mary Verney, wife of my 



18 

son Ralph Vernej, forty pounda for tke buying of her a ring. To my 
dear mother Dame Margaret Yarney' all such moneys as are, at the day of 
the date of this my last will, in her custody and which were not delivered 
by me or by my appointment unto her to make payment thereof for me. 
Certain other bequests to wife &c Son Ralph Verney to be sole executor. 
William Roades one of the witnesses. Campbell, 129 (P. C. C). 

Can it be doubted for one instant that the William Koades, who 
witnessed the above will, was the very same person mentioned in 
Mr. Andrew Knowling's will? or that John Roades, to whom the 
annuity of ten pounds was left, was one of this family? Was it 
possible to learn anything more about them? The Camden Society 
published in 1853 some " Letters and Papers of the Verney Family, 
down to the end of the year 1639" (John Bruce, Esq., Editor). 
On page 208 1 found that this John Roades was called Sir Edmund's 
bailiff at Claydon. In 1639 (1st April) Sir Edmund wrote from 
Yorke to his son Ralph, then at the family residence in Co vent 
Garden, London, as follows : ^^ I thinck my man Peeter and I am 
parted ; if he comes to Lundon bee not deceaved by any falce mes- 
sage ; wright privately as much to Roades." The Christian name 
is not given. On the 21st of June (1639) he writes from camp to 
his son : " I pray write to Will Roads presently to inquire out some 
grass for geldings, for I have bought fifty horses and geldings out of 
one troope, and they will bee at Cleydon about tenn dayes hence. 
The horses I will keepe att bowse till I can sell them." What ever 
position John Roades may have held, it seems quite evident that in 
June, 1639, William Roades was bailiff at Middle Claydon. On 
the 25th of May, 1636, was issued a Warrant from Spencer, Earl 
of Northampton, Master of His Majesty's Leash, addressed " To all 
justices of peace, mayors, sheriffs, bayliffs, constables, and aU other 
majesties officers and ministers to whom it shall or may appertayne," 
authorizing William Roads of Middle Claidon and Ralph Hill of 
Wendover, servants of Sir Edmund Verney, knight marshal of 
His Majesty's household, as deputies and assignees, for the space of 
six whole and entire years next enauing, to take and seize to his 
majesty's use, and in his majesty's namie, within all places within the 
county of Buckingham such and so many greyhounds, both dogs 
and bitches, in whose custody soever they may be, as the said 
William Roads and Ralph Hill shall think meet and convenient for 
his majesty's disport and recreation &c., and also to seize and take 
away all such greyhounds, beagles or whippets as may anywise be 
offensive to his majesty's game and disport. 

Sir Edmund Verney was in his youth one of the household of 
Prince Henry. On the 7th of January, 1610-11, he was knighted. 
In 1613 he was taken into the household of Prince Charles as one 
of the gentlemen of the privy chamber. In 1622 be was appointed 
to the lieutenancy of Whaddon Chase, an office in the gift of George 
Villiers, then marquis of Buckingham and keeper of Wheddon, and 



19 

an interesting letter to Sir Edmund from Sir Eichard Graham, one 
of the Marquis of Buckini^ham's gentlemen, relating to this appoint- 
ttieiat may be fbtind on page 106 of the Verney Papers. In 1623 
he visited Madrid with otJier officers and gentlemen of the Prince's 
household, Prince Charles and Buckingham having already preceded 
tfa^m on that romantic expedition, undertaken for the purpose of 
seeing the Spanish infanta. In the service of the prince^ as a page^ 
was a Mr. Thomas Washington, whom Col. Chester satisfactorily 
identified as the sixth 9on of Lawrence Washington of Sulgrave and 
Brington, Liawrence, husband of Amphillis> being the fifth. Tiie 
following extract from "Familiar Letters on Important Subjects, 
wrote from the year 1628 to 1650 by James Howell, Esq., Clerk of 
the Privy Council to King Charles I." (tenth edition, Aberdeen, 
1713), becomes of interest to us> The letter was dated Madrid^ 
August 15, 1623. 

^ Mr. 'Washington the Prince's Page is lately dead of a calenture, 
and I was at his burial, under a fig-tree behind my Lord of BristctF^ 
house. A little before his death one Ballard an English Priest 
went to tamper with hira : and Sir Edward Vamey meeting him 
coming down the stairs of Wushington^a ehamber, they fell finoiA 
Words to blows, but they were parted. The business was like to 
gather very illblood and come to a great height, had not Count 
Qondamar quasht it ; which I believe he could not have done, 
unless the times had been favourable, for such is the reverence they 
bear to the Church here, and so holy a conceit they have of all 
ecclesiastics, that the greatest Don in Spain will tremble to offer 
the meanest of them any outrage or affront." 

Thus we see that Sir Edmund Verney was intimate with one, at 
least, of the Washingtons and probably with others of the family, 
as two of them were for a time close neighbors to him, Sir William 
Washington, at Leckhampstead, and Sir Lawrence Washington, the 
Register of Chancery, at Westbury. And there was a connection 
of the Verney, Washington, Spencer and Fitzherbert families with 
the Leake* family which is yet to be unravelled. At any rate I 
think I have presented evidence enough to show how the Roades 
fEimily may have been connected with Tring and Tring people, and 
how and where Lawrence Washington the student and Fellow of 
Brasenose may have made the acquaintance of his future wife. But 
the same evidence seems to show that it was a match which would 
not be likely to meet with the approval of the rest of the family, 
allied as they were to the Villiers, Sandys, Pargiter, Verney and other 

• The father of Dorothy Leake, called niece in Sir Edhinnd Vemey'a will (often referred 
to in the family letters as Doll Leake), was Sir John Leake, son and heir of Mr. Jasper 
Leake of Edmonton. Her mother was Ann Turvill, daughter of Geoffrey Turvill, Esq., by 
Mary (Blakeney). As the widow Tnrvtll afterwards became the wife of Sir Bdmnnd 
Verney (the elder) of Pendley and mother of Sir Edmnnd the Knight Marshal, the Lady 
Ann Leake was the latter*s half sister. 1 have yet to learn who the Penelope Leake was, 
whom Mrs. Elizabeth Washington of Brington called cousin. 



20 

families then of good social standing; and, in connection with this, 
it is worth noting that I have thus far seen no mention of Mr. 
Lawrence Washington in any of the wills of the family or their 
connections after this marriage, which must have been soon after the 
resignation of the fellowship (March, 1632-3). 

I now went to the Public Record oflSce and examined the ex- 
chequer : First Fruits, Bishop's certificates. Diocese of London 
(from April, 1630, to April, 1635), and looked over the "Names 
and cognomens of all and singular Clerks collected, admitted or 
instituted to any Benefice, &c., in the Diocese of London, and of 
patrons, &c., from 12 Sept. 1632, to 16 April," &c., and found the 
following : 

Essex ; Dengy, Decimo quarto die mensis Martii Anno pred Laurentius 
Washington eticus in Artibus magr admissus fuit ad Rcoria de Purleigh 
CoM Essexie per pntaconem Janse Horzmanden patronisssB pro hoc vice. 

I also found in the book of compositions for First Fruits the 
following : 

xll° die martii 1632 Anno Regni dfii nri nunc Caroli Regis &c. octavo. 

Essex. Purleigh. R. Laurentius Washington ctic comp pro p'mittis 
Rcorie pred ext. at xxv decia inde 1'. Obligant' dctus Laurentius, Thomas 
Beale de Yorkhill in Cofii Hereff gefl et Willus Smith goehie b£e Marie 
de la Savoy Inholder. 

This living he held until 1643, when he was ejected, by order of 
Parliament, as a Malignant Royalist. This information is given on 
page 4 of "The First Century of Scandalous, Malignant Priests 
Made and admitted into Benefices by the Prelates, in whose hands 
the ordination of Ministers and Government of the church hath 
been," published by John White and printed by George Miller, by 
order of Parliament, 17 Nov. 1643. The case of Mr. Washington 
is No. 9 on the list, and is as follows : 

The Benefice of Lawrence Washington, Rector of Purleigh in the 
County of Essex is sequestred, for that he is a common frequenter of 
Ale-houses, not onely himselfe sitting dayly tippling there, but also incourag- 
ing others in that beastly vice, and hath been oft drunk, and hath said, That 
the Parliament have more Papists belonging to them in their Armies than the 
King had about him or in his Army, and that the Parliaments Armie did 
more hurt than the Cavaliers, and that they did none at all; and hath pub- 
lished them to be Traitours, that lend to or assist the Parliament. 

In an account of the suflferings of the clergy, by John Walker 
(London, 1714), I found, in Part U. 395**, the following remarks 
upon this case : 

Washington, Lawrence, A.M., Purleigh R., one of the best Livings in 
these Parts: To which he had been Admitted in March 1632, and was 
Sequestred from in the year 1643; which was not thought Punishment 
enough for him; and therefore he was also put into the Century, to be 
transmitted to Posterity, as far as that Infamous Pamphlet could contribute 
to it, for a Scandalous^ as well as a Malignant Minister^ upon these weighty 



21 

considerations ; That he had said (then follows the extract given above in 
italics, begiDDing " The Parliament/* &c.) 

It is not to be supposed that such a Malignant could be less than a 
Drunkard ; and accordingly he is charged with frequent Commissions of 
that Sin ; and not only so, but with encouraging others in that Beastly 
Vice. Altho' a Gentleman (a Justice of the Peace in this County) who 
Personally knew him, assures me, that he took him to be a very Worthy, 
Pious man, that as often as he was in his Company he always appeared a 
very Moderate, Sober Person ; and that he was Received as such, by several 
Gentlemen, who were acquainted with him before he himself was : Adding 
withal, that he was a Loyal Person, and had one of the best Benejices in 
these Parts ; and this was the Only cause of his Expulsion^ as I verily believe. 
After he subjoyns. That Another Ancient Gentleman of his Neighborhood, 
agrees with him in this Account. Mr. Washington was afterwards per- 
mitted to Have and Continue upon a Living in these Parts ; but it was 
such a Poor aud Miserable one, that it was always with difficulty, that any 
one was persuaded to Accept it* 

We have here the two sides of the story. Whatever judgment 
we may form as to the charge of being " oft drunk " (\vhich I my- 
self am inclined to reject, or at least view with leniency) , we can 
have no doubt as to his having been a plain and outspoken Royalist* 
We have the evidence of both sides as to that. How was it, now, 
with his kindred, friends and connections in that respect? So far as 
we can learn about them in the records, most of them were on the 
losing side, as well. To instance a few of them, we have seen that 
two of his elder brothers, William and John, had been knighted, 
which rather points that way ; the former married Anne Villiers, 
half sister to the first Duke of Buckingham of that family, the Royal 
favorite. His eldest son, Henry Washington, nephew of the per- 
secuted parson of Purleigh, was a Colonel in the Royalist Army, 
and, according to an account which I have seen. Governor of the 
ever loyal city of Worcester. He was called " late of the City of 
Worcester " in October, 1649, when he was obliged to " compound " 
for having been in arms against Parliament. Col. William Legge, 
who married Elizabeth, one of the sisters of the loyal Colonel, was 
a notorious Royalist, and endured great hardships on account of it. 
We have only to look through the Docket of the Signet ofiice to 

* I woald here offer a criticism which Mr. Waters may have felt a scrapie about making. 
Col. Chester, in his essay, after quoting this last paragraph, adds, " It is to be hoped that 
some farther trace of him [Rev. Lawrence Washington] may yet be discovered in the 
neighborhood of Parleigh, where, putting the tuual construction upon Walker*8 language, 
he continned in his profession of a clergyman after the Restoration, and consequently 
some years after the date of his namesake's emigration to Virginia." 

It seems to me, that unless a number of instances can be shown f^om Walker's book, the 
usual construction would not at all imply that Washington continued to live and serve till 
after the Revolution of 1660. He was ejected fh>m Purleigh in 1643; if he lived till 1653 
or 1654, this would be such a ** continuance " as would fully meet Walker's terms. 

In fact. Col. Chester was so strongly convinced that Sir John and Rev. Lawrence were 
not the emigrants to Virginia (an opinion in which all our readers will now concur), that 
he seems to have over-stated walker's language, in order to prove that Lawrence was in 
England after 1657, when his namesake was in Virginia. But it is more satisfactory still 
to find, as Mr. Waters does, that Rev. Lawrence was dead before 1655 ; for in a pedigree, 
as in politics, Stafford's merciless proverb is true, ** stone-dead hath no fellow." 

W. H. Whitmobb. 



22 

\ewoi liow he wftft betrusted and rewarded by kis BojaI master. 
Upon the Restoration, we are told, he was offered an earldom, but 
feeling unable to support that dignity, spoke in the interest of his son 
George, who, we know, was created Earl of Dartmouth. Sir Law- 
rence Washington, the Register of Chajicery, actually died in Oxford, 
1643, while it lyas held by the King's forces, haying gope thither 
to attend the Royal Seal,^ as we are informed by Sir John TirreU of 
Springfield, knight » who married Martha Washinglon, his daughter, 
aad who was himself forced to pay a fine of eight hundred poundB 
in compounding for his own loyalty. Spencer, Earl of North- 
ampton, whose grandfather had taken, for a second wife, one of the 
Spencer family of Althorp, and whose own mother was also a 
Spencer, of another branch, was one of the most distinguished of the 
l^oyalists, as were all his sons. He was n^ulcted most heavily for 
the part he had taken against Parliament, although an attempt seems 
.to have been made to relieve his estates in Bedfordshire, by putting 
forward evidence to show that his accent collected the rents of these 
estates not for him, but as agent, really, of Sir John Washing- 
ton, '*by vertue of an extent w^*^ the said S' John Washington had 
upon the estate of the said Earle in the said County of Bedford.*' 
As to the Anderson family, we have seen that the kinsman and 
friend of our Parson was knighted. His son and heir, Henry 
Anderson, was created a Baronet by Letters Patent, dated 3 July, 
1643 (see Chauncy's Herts), and we find that he also was obliged 
to compound for his loyalty in 1646. 

I might extend this list, but I think I have given enough to show 
what the suiroundings of our Washiijgton family were in that 
respect ; and I am quite sure I have seen enough myself to lead me 
to form the opinion that there was quite a nest of Royalists in that 
part of Herts and Bedfordshire, and I have litt}e doubt that it was 
largely on that accoimt that Lawrence Washington, the royalist 
clergyman, was led to seek that neighborhood and stay there. Hq 
must have died, as we have seen, before 1655. His wife was buried 
19 January, 1654—5, and their children were thus left orphans. 
TTieir eldest son, John, was about twenty-thr^e or twenty-four in 
1657 ; for it is to be presumed that Mr. Washington did not marry 
until he had resigned his Fellowship in March, 1622-3 (according 
to Col. Chester), and Lawrence, we knpw, wasi twenty-two iii 
1657. Supposing them to have been young men of only ordinar^r 
enterprise and ambition, with the desire to get on iip the world, 
what chance had they in England at that time, known as belonging; 
to a royalist family, with ^11, or most, of th?ir &iends» to whom, bjk 
happier conditions, they might have applied for influence, roys^lists 
like themselves, and Cromwell then most firmly seated in his Fro;r 
tectorate ? The chances would seem to be utterly s^ainst thein. No 
wonder their thoughts turned to Virginia, that transatlantic haven 
and place of refuge for defeated royalists, which perhaps then first 



23 

received the name by which it has, since, more than once been called, 
the home of the Cavaliers in America. 

And though without influential friends to help them in old Eng- 
land, had they no good friends to start them in the new world? To 
this question I think I can give an affirmative answer. Their aunt 
Margaret, after the death of her first husband, Samuel Thornton, 
married again, into the Saudis family, one of whom is thus referred 
to in the following will : 

Nicholas Farrar, citizen and skinner of LondoD, 23 March 1619, 
proved 4 April 1 620. My body to be buried in the place where it shall please 
God to appoint. And for my worldly goods, first, whereas there is lately 
given a beginning to the erecting and founding of a College in Virginia 
for the conversion of Infidels' Children unto Christian Religion, my will is 
that when the said College shall be erected and to the number of ten of the 
infidels' children therein placed to be educated in Christian religion and 
civility that then my executor shall give and pay the sum of three hundred 
pounds unto the Company of Virginia, to be disposed of with the advice 
and consents of Sir Edwin Sandys, now Treasurer of the Company, and 
my son John Farrar, so as may most tend to the furtherance of that godly 
work of the College and thereby to the advancement of God's glory. And 
in the mean while until such time as the said College shall be erected and 
at least ten of the infidels' children therein placed, until which time I will 
not that the said three hundred pounds shall be paid or delivered by my 
executor unto the Company of Virginia, my will is that my executor shall 
pay and deliver yearly the sum of twenty and four pounds unto the hands 
of Sir. Edwin Sandys and John Farrar, which said sum of twenty and four 
pounds my will and desire is the said Sir Edwin Sandys aud John Farrar 
shall yearly pay by eight pounds apiece to any three several persons in 
Virginia, of good life and fame, that will undertake therewith to procure 
and bring up each one of the Infidels' children instructing them carefully 
in the grounds of Christian Religion and intreating them in all things so 
Christianly as by the good usage and bringing of them up the Infidels may 
be persuaded that it is not the intent of our nation to make their children 
slaves but to bring them to a better manner of living in this world and to 
the way of eternal happiness in the life to come. 

Soame, 32 (P. C. C). 

This Sir Edwin Sandys, of Northborne (Kent), second son of 
Dr. Edwin Sandys, Archbishop of York, received the honor of 
knighthood from King James I. (says Burke), and was distinguished 
as a politician in that king's and in the subsequent reign. *^ He was 
(says an old writer) a leading man in all parliamentary afifairs, well 
versed in business, and an excellent patriot to his country, in defence 
of which, by speaking too boldly, he, with Selden, was committed 
into custody, 16 June, 1621, and not delivered thence till 18 July 
following, which was voted by the House of Commons a great breach 
of their privileges. He was treasurer to the undertakers for the 
western plantations, which he eflTectually advanced, was a person 
of great judgment, and, as my author saith, ingenio et gravitate 
morum insigms.^' He died in 1629. 
3 



24 

Alice Washington, another of the paternal aunts of these young 
men, was married to Robert Sandys of London, eldest son of 
Thomas, brother of this Sir Edwin. The widow of their cousin, 
Col. Henry Washington, was, later, married to Samuel Sandys, 
Esq., another nephew of Sir Edwin. And Sir Edmund Verney 
had long before sent one of his sons, young Tom Verney, over to 
Virginia. So it is evident that there was plenty of influence which 
could be exerted in their favor to assist them in their Virginia scheme. 

ADDITIONAL NOTES. 

The following notes and abstracts, gathered during the past six 
years, all relate, more or less, to this family of Washington : 

Lawrence Washington of Souldgrave in the Co. of Northampton, gentle- 
man, 18 October 1581, proved 11 February 1584. As concerning my 
body, which, as it was made of earth, so must it return to dust and earth 
again, I desire therefore and require mine *' exequitor " to cause the same 
to be inhumate and buried in the parish church of Souldgrave aforesaid, in 
the South Aisle there before my seat where I usually use to sit, according 
to his discretion. To Mr. Walter Light a whole sovereign of gold and to 
his now wife a " ducate " of gold. Towards the amending of Stanbridge 
Lane twenty shillings. And I will that Roger Litleford shall have the 
oversight in amending the said lane and bestowing the said twenty shillings. 
And for his pains in that behalf to be sustained I will him two shillings. 
And I will to every one of my sons' and daughters' children ^yq shillings 
apiece, and to every one of my brother Leonard Washington's children six 
shillings eight pence a piece willed to them by Parson Washington.* Also 
I give to my brother Thomas Washington's children by his last wife forty 
shillings. Also I devise to my son Lawrence Washington one goblet parcel 
gilt, with the cover for the same, and four pounds of currant English 
money to buy him a salt. And I further will to him one featherbed in the 
gate-house, one feather bed over the day-house, one coverlet with a blue 
lining, one coverlet in the gate-house chamber, two boulsters, two pairs of 
blankets, four home made coverlets & four mattresses. Also I give to Law- 
rence Washington, son to Robert Washington my son and heir apparent, the 
ring which I usually wear. Also I forgive and acquit my brother Thomas 
Washington of all such debts and duties as he by any manner of means oweth 
unto me. And I forgive and discharge John Lagoe, sometime my servant, 
of all such sums of money as he oweth unto me and of all rents and arrear- 
ages of rents due unto me for such lands, tenements or hereditaments as he 
holdeth of mine, by lease or otherwise, for term of my natural life. And I 
will to every one of my servants which shall be in service with me at the 
time of my decease twelve pence. Also I will that the said Robert Wash- 
ington shall yearly give to my servant Symon Wood a livery coat and forty 
shillings of currant English money for his wages yearly during his life. 
And whereas I stand charged by the last will and testament of William 
Bond, gentleman, for the amending and repairing of Preston Lane and for 
the repairing of the way between Dalington and the Westbridge at North- 

« This may have been Lawrence Washington, janior, presented to the living of Stotesbery 
(Northampton^ by Lawrence Washington, senior, 16 May, 1559 (see Bridge's Hist, of 
Northamptonsnirei 1. 203). 



25 

ampton called Spangstone, I earnestly require my executor and overseers to 
call upon the said John Balgoye for the amending of the said places, for 
that I have, long time heretofore, delivered into the hands of the said John 
Balgaye the sum of ten pounds of currant English money for the repair- 
ing of Preston Lane and twenty shillings for the amending of Spangston, for 
that only use and purpose. Also I will and devise that widow Compton 
shall have, hold, possess and enjoy for term of her life so much of one cot- 
tage as she now possesseth in S nigra ve, so as she well and honestly behave 
herself during her life, without making or doing any reparations thereupon 
and without paying any rent therefor, other than one red rose at the feast 
of Saint John Baptist yearly, if the same be demanded. And my further 
meaning and intent is that the said Robert and his heirs shall from time 
to time forever appoint some honest aged or impotent person to inhabit the 
same cottage for term of life, and that such aged or impotent person 
as shall not pay to my heirs any manner of rent therefor for term of his 
life other than a red rose payable as aforesaid, nor shall be charged to 
repair the same cottage during his or their lives. And my mind, intent 
and meaning is that if any doubt, ambiguity or controversy shall appear to 
arise or grow in respect of these presents then I will the same shall be de- 
cided and determined by my overseers or any one of them. And of this 
my last will and testament I constitute, ordain and appoint the said Robert 
Washington my sole executor, and of the same I make and ordain my well 
beloved and trusty friends the said William Baldwyn and William Pargiter 
my overseers, desiring them to call on my executor if any default or slack- 
ness shall evidently in him appear, for or towards the performance of this 
my last will and testament, and for their pains I will to either of them 
forty shillings. Witnesses, William Baldwin, William Pargiter, Robert 
Calcott, George Woodward. Brudenell, 5 (P. C. C). 

Northt. Laurence Washington. 

Inq" taken at Rothewell in Co. Northt 24*** day of August, 26 Eliz. 
[1584] before Arthur Broke Esq. Escheator, after the death of Laurence 
Washington gent., by the oath of Henry Moore, William Craddocke &c. &c. 
Jurors, who say that Laurence Washington was seised in fee of the Manor 
of Sulgrave with the appurtenances to the Monastery of St. Andrew in the 
town of Northampton [lately] belonging; also of all the messuages, lands 
&c. in Sulgrave & Woodford to the same Monastery belonging; also of one 
close of laud &c. [here follows a long list of lands in various places]. 

He being so seised by an Indenture made the 10*** day of Dec. 7 Eliz. 
[1564] made between himself of the one part and Walter Light of Radwey 
in Co. Warwick gent, of the other part, in consideration of a marriage 
afterwards Solemnized between Robert Washington gent, then son & heir 
apparent of the said Laurence and Elizabeth Light then daughter & sole 
heiress of the said Walter Light, agreed for himself his heirs & administra- 
tors with the said Walter Light, his heirs & administrators that before the 
Feast of Piaster then next following that he (Laurence) would make with 
certain persons indifferently chosen a firm and sufficient estate in two 
messuages in the parish of Pattishill with their appurtenances : to hold the 
same to the use of the said Laurence so long as the said Robert should live; 
after his death, to the use of Elizabeth Light for life, for her jointure; after 
her decease, to the use of the heirs male of Robert Washington ; for default 
of such issue, to the use of the heirs male of Laurence Washington, younger 



26 

son of the said Laurence named in the writ; for default of such issue thea 
to the use of the right heirs of Laurence Washington (the father) for ever. 

Robert Washington afterwards took to wife the said Elizabeth who is 
still alive at Sulgrave. 

Laurence Washington (father) died on the 19*^ day of February now 
last past; Robert Washington his son & heir was aged 40 years & more at 
the time of taking this Inquisition. 

The Manor of Sulgrave and other the premises in Sulgrave, Woodford Sg 
Cotton are held of the King Hen. 8, his heirs & successors in capite by the 
20^'' part of a knights fee, and are worth per ann. (clear) £ 15. 12s. 
6d. &c. &c. 

Chan. Inq". p. m. 26 Eliz. Part 1, N^ 179. 

William Pargyter of Grytworth in the Co. of Northampton, gentleman, 
18 January, 26*** year of the Reign of Elizabeth &c., proved 30 October 
1584. To the church of Grytworth six shillings eight pence. To my soa 
Christopher ten of my beasts, forty pounds of currant English money, after 
the expiration of one whole year, forty of my ewes that shall be going in 
my pasture in Stutesbury and forty of my store sheep that shall be going 
in the fields of Grytworth, to be delivered at any time, upon request, run- 
ning out of the pen. I do release unto Richard Knight, my son in law, all 
debts whatsoever which he oweth me. To Ursula Knight, my daughter, 
one yearly rent of three pounds six shillings eight pence of currant Eng- 
lish money, to be paid to her yearly by my son Robert, his heirs, executors 
or assigns, during the joint lives of the Lady Lawrence and of my said 
daughter Ursula Knight. Ilo the said Christopher, my son, one dozen of 
pewter vessell. 

** Item I doe give & bequeath unto my brother Wasshington his childrea 
fourty shillinges to be equally devided amongest them." To my sister 
Pemerton ten shillings. To my cousin Robert Manley his wife ten shil- 
lings. To my cousin Anne Crossewell ten shillings. To my cousin Anne 
Manley ten shillings. To every of the children of my son in law Crescent 
Buttery and Richard Knight the sum of forty shillings a piece, to be paid 
or delivered to them on the day of their marriages. To William, son unto 
Robert my son, my ring whereon my name is engraven. To Thomas Han- 
cock ten shillings. To John Cowper my servant some of my apparell. To 
the poor of Grytworth, Laurence Marston and Sulgrave. The residue to 
son Robert, whom I make my sole executor. And I make and constitute 
my well beloved and trusty friends William Baldwyn, Walter Light, Robert 
Washington and Crescent Butterye, gent., overseers. 

Watson, 31 (P. C. C). 

Christoper Lighte of Horley, in the Co. of Oxon, gentleman, 16 July 
1583, proved 29 October 1584. To be buried in parish church of Horley 
under the gravestone where my father and mother were buried. My manor 
of Horley, my manor of Horneton, in Oxfordshire, my messuage and land 
in MoUington, Warwickshire, &c. &c. to my executors during the minority 
of Richard Lighte my son. My brother Walter, Johan Halford, my sister, 
and her children, vizt: Elizabeth Tyson and Ursula Halford. My cousin 
Robert Pargyter and Christopher Pargytor, and Ursula Knight their sister. 

** And whereas I stande bounde by obligation to paye to my Cosen Robert 
Washington of Sowlgrave in the Countie of Northamptown gentleman, the 
Some of one hundred poundes, yf I doe not suffer my Mannors, Landes and 



27 

Tenementes to discende onto him, my will is that my executors shall paye 
unto my saide cosen Washington his executors or administrators the saide 
sofiie of one hundred poundes w^in one yeare nexte after my deathe in 
full satisfaction and pfourmance of the said Obligacon, And in discharge 
of my promyse and agreement w'^ him made." 

Wife Margaret. Five of the children of my sister Halford, viz : Thomas 
Savage, Elizabeth Tyson, Blanch Halford, Margaret Nicholls and Ursula 
Halford. I will and do desire my good brother-in-law Mr. William 
Pargytor of Grytworth, Northampton, and my well beloved brother Mr. 
Walter Lyght of Radwaye, Warwick, to be executors &c. My father-in- 
law Mr. Thomas Sheldon and my friend Mr. Ancar Brent to be overseers. 

In a codicil the testator says " Whereas William Pargetor one of my 
exequitors hathe depted from this worlde longe sithence the makinge of my 
will I doe therefore nowe make and constitute Robert Pargitor, my kyns- 
man, to be one of my Exequitors insteade of the sayde William Pargytor 
nowe deceased." Watson, 32 (P. C. C). 

Sir John Spencer of Oldthroppe, in the Co. of Northampton, knight, 6 
December, 42** Eliz: proved 11 January 1590. My body to be buried in 
the chancell of Bringhton Church, where my ancestors lie buried, and my 
funerall to be done in decent sort, not with great pomp according to the 
order of the world in these days. All my goods &c. to Robert Spenser my 
loving son whom I do ordain and make sole executor : and do ordain over- 
seers of this my will my honorable good Lord the Lord Hunsden, Lord 
Chamberlain to the Queen's Majesty, and my loving and assured good 
brothers Sir William Spencer, knight, Tly)mas Spencer and Richard 
Spencer, Esquires, and do devise to them four of my best horses or geldings 
at their choice. To Lord Hunsden, further, one piece of plate, double gilt, 
of the value of twenty marks to be made in such sort as it shall seem best 
to my Executor. To my very loving friend Mr. William Baldwynne of 
Bifield, Northampton, twenty pounds in consideration of his care and pains 
in my law causes, and I will my son give him for me a good ambling 
gelding. 

Also I will and bequeath unto Elizabeth Washington the wife of Robert 
Washington of Great Brinton, in the Co. of Northampton, in regard of her 
pains about me in my sickness, twenty pounds. To Agnes Fawkner my 
servant, over and above her wages, forty shillings. To Mr. Procter, parson 
of Bodington, five pounds or an ambling nag of that price, at his choice. 
And I give unto Mr. Thomas Campion my minister the presentation of the 
next Parsonage that shall fall, and if it be not to his contentment then to 
take that until a better do fall, and then to resign the worst and to take the 
best, the which I will and command my son to perform. I give to Stephen 
French and John Spencer, two of my servants that wait upon me in my 
chamber, forty pounds to each of them. 

Kidd, 95 (P. C. C). 

Robert Washington of Souldgrave, in the Co. of Northampton Esq., 7 
February 1619, proved 3 January 1620. My body to be buried in the 
South Aisle of the church before my seat where I usually sit under the same 
stone that my father lieth buried under. 

I give to my three sons which I had by my second wife, namely to my 

son Albane Washington, to my son Guy Washington and to my son Robert 

Washington, the sum of one hundred pounds apiece of currant English 

money, to be paid unto them and to each of them at their ages of four and 

8* 



88 

twenty years apiece, always provided, aad I do mean, that my said three 
sons shall have the said sums of money aforenamed and at the time aforei- 
said if they be obedient and will be ruled in the mean space by their 
mother my executrix and do carry themselves well and aa dutiful children 
to her, but if they, or any of them, be undatiful unto her and will not be 
ruled by her as it becometh them to be then I will by this my last will and 
testament that they, or so many of them as shall be undutiful or that will 
not be ruled by her, shall have but ten pounds apiece at their ages of fous 
and twenty years apiece aforesaid. 

Also I give unto three other sons which I had by my former wife, namely 
to my son Christopher Washington, to my son William Washington and to 
my son Thomas Washington, the sum of ten shillings apiece. And I do 
further give unto my son William Washington aforesaid the sum of fifty 
pounds to be paid unto him out of a debt of four hundred and odd pounds, 
due unto me from the executors or administrators of my son Lawrence 
Washington deceased, and the said fifty pounds to be paid unto my soa 
William Washington aforesaid as soon as it is recovered from the executors 
or administrators of my son Lawrence Washington as i» aforesaid. 

The rest of my goods and chattells unnamed and unbequeathed I give 
unto my wife Ann Washington whom I make sole executrix of this my 
last will and testament she discharging my last will and testament and dis- 
charging my debts and funerals. 

Wit : Thomas Court, scriptor, Christophev Pargiter, John Ireton. 

Dale, 5 (P. C. a). 

Of the sons mentioned in the foregoing will, Christopher and 
"William entered Oriel Cotlege, Oxford, I thinks in 1588, the for- 
mer fifteen, the latter eleven, years old (as I learn from a memo- 
randum furnished me by J. H. Lea, Esq.). The will or admon. 
of the son Lawrence, refferred to, may be at Peterborough. I have 
not found it in London. He died at Brington, 13 December, 1616. 

Elizabeth Washington of Brighton (Brington), in the Co. of Northamp* 
ton widow, 17 March 1622, proved 12 April 1623. I do give unto John 
Washington one hundred pounds and four pairs of my best sheets, two 
long table cloths, two pairs of pillowbeers and four dozen of napkins, four 
side board cloths, four cupboard cloths and four long towels, one nut to 
drink in trimmed with silver, one silver beaker to drink in, one silver bowl 
to drink in, half a dozen of the best silver spoons and one double silver salt 
cellar, one pewter charger and a plate to it, six of the best platters and six 
dishes, a pair of andirons and tongs, a fire shovel, a chafing dish, a great 
brass pot which came from Solgrave, the best standing bed in the great 
chamber, with all that belongs to it, and half a dozen of Turkey work 
" quishions '* and two long velvet " quishions " and a leather coffer. Item 
I do give unto Sir William Washington one hundred pounds. Item I do give 
unto Mrs. Mywse twenty pounds and one silver bowl and one brass pot. 
Item I do give unto Mrs. Alice Washington twenty pounds. Item I do 
give unto Mrs. Frances Washington twenty pounds. Item I do give unto 
my cousin Pill the bed wherein I do now lie, with all that appertains unto it. 
" Item I doe give unto my Cosen Lawrence Washington who is nowe at 
Oxford my husband's seal ringe."* Item I do give unto A;me Adcocke 

* Qa. Did the sons of Lawrence Washington take this seal rhig over with them to 
Virginia ? If so, what hecai&e of it ? Are there to be found anj earljr hupres8ion» of it? 



29 

twenty five pounds, a pied cow and a pied colt and a yearling bullock, a 
great bra9s pott and two great deep platters and two pairs of £ne sheets^ 
one pair of pillowbeers and a dozen of napkins, a kettel and a dripping pan. 
Item I do give unto my cousin Penelope Leake who is now with me ten 
pounds. And of this my last will and testament I do make and ordain Mr* 
Francis Mewse my whole executor. And I do desire that all those dues 
and debts which is now owing by my late husband Mr. Robert Washington 
may be first discharged and then after them the legacies herein set dowa 
performed. And my desire is that my honorable good Lord Spencer 
would be pleased to be my supervisor of this my last will and testament. 

Swann, 33 (P. C. C). 

The following monumental inscription at Brington is copied from 
Baker's Northamptonshire, Vol. I. p. 93 : 

Here lies interred y'e bodies of Elizab: Washington | widdowe, who 
changed this life for im'ortalitie | ye 19^ of March 1622. As also y'e 
body of Robert | Washington Gent: her late husband second | soune of 
Robert Washington of Solgrave in y'e | County of North. Esq. wha 
dep'ted this life y'e | 10*^ of March 1622. After they lived lovingly 
together | many yeares in this Parish.'* 

Sir Edward Villiers, knight, Lord President of the Province of 
Munster in the realm of Ireland, 31 August 1625, proved 2 February 1626, 
I give and devise all my lands unto my dear and loving wife the Lady 
Barbara Villiers during her life, she to maintain and provide for my chilf 
dren. To my servant Hamond Francklyn two hundred pounds in on« 
year after my decease. If both my self and my wife shall die withoui(( 
any issue begotten of our two bodies that shall be living &c. then my 
brother Sir William Villiers, Baronet, shall have all my lands &c., and he 
shall give unto my sister the Lady Elizabeth Butler one hundred pounds 
to buy her a Jewell and to my sister the Lady Anne Washington the sum 
of five hundred pounds, and to every servant in my service at the time of 
my death one year's wages and to the poor people of St. Margaret's in 
Westminster the sum of twenty pounds. Skynner, 20 (P. G. C). 

Phillip Curtis of Islip in the Co. of Northampton, gentleman, delivered 
his will nuncupative in the presence of Sir John Washington, knight, and 
Michael Westfield, clerk, 19 May 1636, proved 30 May 1636. To my 
daughter Katherine Curtis one thousand pounds, at day of marriage or age 
of twenty one, which shall first happen. Item I give unto my nephew 
John Washington the sum of fifty pounds to be paid unto him at his age of 
twenty and one years. Item I give unto my nephew Phillip Washington 
the like sum of fifty pounds to be paid at his age of twenty and one years. 
And for my nephew Mordant Washington I leave in trust to my wife. 
Item I give unto my wife Amy Curtis and to her heirs forever all my free- 
hold land to be sold towards the raising of my daughters portion &c. And 
I make her the full and sole executrix &c. Item I make choice of Sir 
John Washington of Thropston, knight, and Michael Westfield of Islipp, 
clerk, to be guardians for my daughter. Pile, 55 (P. C. C). 

* This is one of the two ''Memorial Stones" of which facsimiles were, in 1860, pre- 
sented to Hon. Charles Samner by Earl Spencer. Mr. Samner gaye these facsimiles to 
the State of Massachasetts, and they are now in the State Hoase at Boston. The other 
stone is that of Lawrence Washington, brother of Robert, who was the grandfather of the 
presumed Virginia emigrants. He died Dec. 13, 161Q.— SkDIToju 



80 

Amte Curtis of Islipp, in the Co. of Northampton widow, 27 June 
1636, proved 19 November 1636. My body to be buried in the chancel of 
Islipp, near unto the grave of my deceased husband. I give towards the 
repair of the church of Islipp twenty shillings; to the poor there forty 
shillings : to the poor of Denford twenty shillings. 

Item whereas there was given unto my nephew Mordaunt Washington, the 
eldest son of Sir John Washington, knight, by the last will and testament 
of his grandmother Curtis deceased the sum of fifty pounds to be employed 
as [in] the said will is further expressed my will is and I do give unto the 
said Mordaunt two hundred and fifty pounds more to be employed for his 
best benefit so soon as my debts be paid and the said money can conveniently 
be raised, and to be paid unto him at his age of twenty and one years or at 
the day of his marriage, which shall first happen. Item, whereas my 
husband, late deceased, gave unto John Washington, the second son of 
Sir John Washington, the sum of Mty pounds my will is, and I do give 
unto the said John my nephew the sum of fifty pounds more, to be employed 
for his best use and benefit, my debts first paid and the money conveniently 
raised, and to be paid to him at his age of twenty and one years, or at the 
day of his marriage. 

A similar bequest to Phillip Washington, the third son of Sir John 
Washington. 

To my god daughter Amy Hynde twenty pounds. To Michael Westfield, 
clerk, five pounds and to Mr. Richard Allen of Lowick five pounds. To 
my neighbor Mrs. Margaret Westfield ^ve pounds. The freehold land 
given to me by my husband Phillip Curtis, I give unto my daughter 
Katheriue Curtis. My mother Margaret Washington and my brother Sir 
John Washington to be guardians for my daughter. 

Wit: Michael Westfield, William Washington and Phillip Freeman. 

Pile, 108 (P. C. C). 

Samuel Thornton, of St. Giles in the Fields, Middlesex, Esq., 9 Jan- 
uary 1666, proved 2 May 1666. To my dear wife the sum of four hundred 
pounds, to my grandchild John Thornton two hundred pounds, to Charles 
Thornton my grandchild, one hundred pounds, to my grandchild Penelope 
Thornton one hundred pounds, to my daughter Kirby two hundred pounds, 
and I make and ordain my dear wife sole executrix. 

Wit : Jo : Coell, Eliza : Mewce, Margaret Talbott. 

Proved by the oath of Dame Margaret Sandis als Thornton his Relict 
& executrix named in the will. Carr, 41 (P. C. C). 

WiU of Dame Margaret Sandys. 

October the eleventh 1 673. Into the hands of God the father, the son 
and the Holy Ghost, three persons but one eternal God, I do commend my 
soul, and I desire my body may be buried in a private plain decent manner. 
And that little I have I do desire should be thus disposed of. I do give 
to my dear sister Mewce twenty pounds and the hangings in our chamber 
and the silk blanket and my pair of sheets we lie in. I do give to my 
sister Washington, my sister Sandys and my sister Gargrave ten pounds 
apiece, which in all is thirty pounds. I give to my nephew John Wash- 
ington, my dear eldest brother's son, twenty pounds. I give to my son 
Thornton my Indian gown. I give to my daughter Thornton twenty 
pounds and the hair trunk in my chamber and the linen in it. I give to 
my son Kerkby twenty pounds and my Turkey work chairs and the tables 



81 

and carpets in the Parlour daring his life and my daughter's, and after their 
deaths I give them to Lucy Kerk [Kerkby?] that waiteth on me. I give 
to my daughter Kerkby twenty pounds and my blue box in my closet and 
her father's picture in it and all else in the box. I give to my uncle 
Robert Washington five pounds. I give to young Lucy Kerkby that waits 
upon me ten pounds and the feather bed, bolster and pillows and blankets 
and three pairs of sheets she lies in and the wrought sheet and the chairs 
and stools in my closet and all my other things in my closet. I give also 
to her and her sisters my wearing linen and my clothes. I give to little 
Peg Kerkby my silver cup with the cover. I give to little Sam. Thorn- 
ton my thirty shilling piece of gold. I give to little Nan Doman a broad 
piece of gold. I give Sam. Kerby a broad piece of gold. I give to the 
poor of Soham five pounds. I give to the poor of Pordham two pounds. 
And I make and ordain my dear son Thornton sole executor of this my 
last will and testament, desiring him to perform the same and those poor 
goods I have given that they may have them when I die and the money I 
have given that it may be paid to every one at the end of six months. In 
witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal in the presence of 
the witnesses whose names are subscribed the day and year above written, 
and what money I have either here or at Haxey undisposed I give two 
parts of it to John Thornton and one part to Charles Thornton, my son 
Thornton's sons. And I desire my son that they may have it as soon as 
it is gotten but the charge of my burying must be taken out of the money 
I leave. Margarett Sandys. 

Wit : Do : Washington, Elizabeth Mewce, Lucy Kirkby . 
Proved 16 November 1675 by Roger Thornton, the Executor. 

Dycer, 118 (P.O. C). 

DoROTHT Wassington, rcHct of Sir John Wassington, knight deceased^ 
6 October 1 678, proved 24 December 1678. My body I leave to my execu- 
tor's discretion to be laid decently in the grave in the chancel of the church 
of Ford ham, near the place where the body of my dear grand child Mrs. 
Penelope Audley lies buried. And for that small estate which the lord 
hath continued to me I bequeath and bestow as followeth. Item I give 
and bequeath unto my son Mr. Thomas Kirkbey the sum of five pounds 
and to each of his sons and daughters twenty shillings a piece, to be paid 
them six months after my decease. Item all the rest of my goods whatso- 
ever, as household stuff, bills, bonds, debts and the like, I give and bequeath 
unto my daughter Mrs. Penelope Thornton, whom I do make my sole 
executrix &c. 

Wit: Ezech; Pargiter, Hugh Floyde, Sarah Flecher. 

Reeve, 148 (P. C. C). 

The three preceding wills seem to show a confusion or mixing up 
of Sandis, Thornton, Kirkby and Washington. Dame Margaret 
Sandis was one of the sisters of Sir William, Sir John and the Rev. 
Lawrence Washington, and had been the wife of Samuel Thornton, 

Esq., before her marriage with Sandis. Dame Dorothy 

Washington was undoubtedly a daughter of William Pargiter of 
Gretworth, Esq., by Abigail, daughter of Sir Francis Willoughby 
of WoUaton, Co. Northampton, Bart. Her brother Theodore 
Pargiter's will (1654-1656) has already been published in these 



32 

Gleanings (Part I. pp. 84-5). I suppose the **Co8en John Wash- 
ington " referred to in that will, apparently in Barbados,* was the 
second son of Sir John Washington of Thrapston, husband of Dame 
Dorothy. The following will of another brother of this Dame 
Dorothy Washington seems to prove the connection : 

Francis Pargiter of London, merchant, 10 January 1685, sworn to 28*^ 
and proved 29 October 1686. To the poor of the parish of Greetworth in 
the Co. of Northampton, where I was born, the poor of Westhorpe, adjoin- 
ing to the said parish, the poor of St. Anne Black Friars (and others). 
To my sister Elizabeth Smith, widow, my sister Abigail Hickman, widow, 
my sister Phillis Pargiter, my niece Eleanor Pargiter, my nephew Edward 
Stratford, of Overstone, in the Co. of Northampton, Esq., my nephew 
Robert Stratford of Baltinglass in the kingdom of Ireland Esq. To such 
children of my niece Thornton as living, to such children of my niece 
Friend as living. To my niece Dorothy Marshall, widow, my niece Abigail 
Hickman. 

I constitute and appoint my nephew Thomas Pargiter Doctor in Divinity 
sole executor of this my said will. 

In a codicil, of same date, reference is made to a provision for the testa- 
tor's nephew John Pargiter. Lloyd, 137 (P. C. C). 

The mention of the "children of my niece Thornton," evidently 
refers to Mrs. Penelope Thornton and her children (see wills of 
Dame Margaret Sandys and Dame Dorothy Washington). This I 
found confirmed by the will of Mrs. Mewce, a sister of Dame Sandys, 
as follows : — 

Elizabeth Mewce in the Co. of Middlesex, widow, 11 August 1676, pro- 
ved 12 December 1676. My body I commit to the earth whence it came, to 
be decently buried according to the discretion of my executors. I give and 
bequeath to my niece Mrs Penelope Thornton fifty pounds and my black 
shelf and my cabinet with all things that I shall leave therein. I give and 
bequeath to my niece Thornton's five children, John, Charles, Samuel, 
Roger and Dorothy Thornton, forty pounds. I give and bequeath to my 
sister the Lady Washington twenty pounds. I give and bequeath to my 
sister Mrs. Alice Sandys the sum of twenty pounds. I give and bequeath 
to my sister Mrs. Frances Gargrave the sum of twenty pounds and my clock 
and bed and hangings and sheets and all things to my bed belonging what- 
soever. To my God-daughter Mrs. Elizabeth Sandys ten pounds. To my 
niece Mrs. Margaret Stevenage ten pounds and to her two children, William 
and Mercy Stevenage, five pounds apiece. 

" Item I give and bequeath to my Uncle Mr. Robert Washington the 
Summe of five pounds : " to Mrs. Elizabeth Rumball, my niece, five pounds : 
to my nephew William Pill five pounds : to my niece Mrs. Frances Collins 
five pounds : to my nephew Mr. Robert Gargrave's five children, Robert, 
John, William, Elizabeth and Cotton Gargrave twenty pounds apiece and 

• It may be well to note here that another of the name was in the West Indies. In Gov. 
Lefroy's elaborate book, ** Memorials of the Bermudas," vol. 1, p. 384, he prints a document 
signed by eighteen of the inhabitants of Smith's Tribe, dated March 30, 1626. The four- 
teenth name is Laurence Washington. 

Again, vol. i. p. 650, at a Council meeting June 20, 1649, ''Mr. Axson, Washington and 
Bethel 1 bay led to answer at next assizes for some words spoken against his mtgestie." This 
may or may not refer to the first-named Laurence. But clearly the Bermuda man was not 
our Rev. Lawrence, who was at this date at Oxford.— W. H. Whitmorb. 



33 

to Elizabeth Gargrave my silver dish and silver porringer and cup and two 
spoons and all the rest of my small silver things that my note speaks of. 
To my maid Anne Freestone thirty pounds and her bed that she lieth on, 
with all things belonging to it, and my suit of purple curtains and the other 
things in my rooms not mentioned. 

I do make my two loving nephews Mr. Robert Gargrave and Mr. Roger 
Thornton executors of this my last will and testament, intreating them to 
take the care and trouble upon them, and I further desire these my execu- 
tors, to let that money which I have given to my nephew Thornton's 
children be put into the hands of their trusty and loving uncle Mr. Francis 
Pargiter, merchant, to be improved for them till it is demanded, either to 
put the sons apprentices or for the daughter's preferment in marriage, &c. 

Bence, 154 (P. C C). 

Mrs. Mewee was another sister of Sir William, Sir John and the 
Rev. Lawrence Washington, daughter of Lawrence Washington of 
Sulgrave and Brington and widow of Mr. Francis Mewee of Hol- 
denby in Northampton, to whom she was married, at St. Mary Le 
Strand, Middlesex, 26 May, 1615. I have not had time to ascertain 
in what way Mrs. Margaret Stevenage, Mrs. Elizabeth Rumball and 
Mrs. Frances Collins could be her nieces, nor have I succeeded in 
finding wills of her two surviving sisters, Mrs. Alice Sandys and 
Mrs. Frances Gargrave, who were also daughters of Lawrence 
Washington of Brington and therefore aunts of our presumed emi- 
grants to Virginia. The uncle, Mr. Robert Washington, named in 
this will, as also in that of Dame Margaret Sandys, was, of course, 
the youngest son of Robert Washington of Sulgrave, Esq., by his 
second wife Anne (Fisher), and consequently a grand-uncle of the 
emigrants. 

The pedigree of Mewee of Holdenby may be found in the Visita- 
tion of Northamptonshire, 1618-19 ; by which it appears that Mr. 
Francis Mewee was eldest son of Nicholas Mewee by Elizabeth, 
daughter of Edmund Morant of London, and had brothers Edmund 
and Christopher, and sisters Alice, wife of Richard Ellis of London, 
Lucy, Maline and Katherine wife of (Humphrey) Hawley of Lon- 
don. The following brief abstract is therefore worth preserving : 

Richard Ellies, citizen and haberdasher of London, 15 Aug. 1625, 
proved 26 Aug. 1625. Property in Rippon and Beverly, Yorkshire. Son 
Francis. Daughter Elizabeth. Reference to a bequest made to her by Mr. 
Nicholas Mewee. Daughters Ann and Mary and the child wife now goeth 
with. Sister Washington and god daughter Anne Washington. Children 
of sister Hyde, sister Croft, sister Vessey and brother Goderedge. Rev^. 
kinsman Mr. Jeremy Leeche. Aunt Gymber. Sister Hallye. Brother 
Humfrey Hally. Sister Malin. Brothers Mr. Francis Mewee, Mr. Edmund 
Mewee and Christopher Mewee. Clarke, 86 (P. C. C). 

Who the sister Washington is, who is mentioned in the foregoing 
will, I do not know. 

The Lady Ann Washington, named in Sir Edward Villiers' will, 
was the wife of Sir William Washington, eldest son of Lawrence 



84 

Washington of Sulgrave and Brington, and therefore aunt by mar- 
riage to the presumed emigrants. She was a daughter of Sir 
George Villiers of Brooksby and half sister of the celebrated royal 
favorite, George, Duke of Buckingham. She was buried at Chelsea, 
25 May, 1643. The following is an abstract of the will of her 
husband : 

Sir William Washington of Thistleworth in the Co. of Middlesex, 
knight, 6 June 1643, proved 1 March 1648. Whereas I am justly indebted 
unto Elizabeth Washington, my daughter, in the sum of twelve hundred 
pounds which she lent me in ready money and for payment whereof, at a 
time shortly to come, I have given her my bond of the penalty of two 
thousand pounds, my said daughter shall have and retain to her own use, 
towards satisfaction of the said sum, all that debt of eight hundred pounds, 
or thereabouts, due unto me upon two Obligations from the Right Hon^^^ 
William, Earl of Denbigh deceased, with the use that shall grow due for 
the same, and if any part of the said sum of twelve hundred pounds be paid 
and satisfied unto my said daughter in my life time, or after my decease, 
out of the overplus of moneys which shall or may remain due or payable 
unto me or my assigns upon the sale of my manor of Wicke and capital 
messuage called Wicke farm and other lands thereunto belonging which are 
now in mortgage to Henry Winn Esq. and John Chappell gent., redeema- 
ble upon payment of the sum of eleven hundred forty four pounds at a time 
now past &c. &c. 

And my will and meaning is that, my other debts, which are not many 
nor great, being satisfied and paid in the next place, then all the residue of 
the money which shall remain and all my goods, chatties and personal 
estate whatsoever shall be equally divided amongst all my children that 
shall be living. And I make and ordain my said daughter Elizabeth sole 
executrix. 

Wit : Rob : Woodford, John Pardo, Thomas Woodford, John Washington. 

The will was proved by the oath of Elizabeth Washington als Legg, 
daughter of the deceased and executrix named in the will. 

Fairfax, 29 (P. C. C). 

Sir William did not outlive his wife long, for the following entry 
may be found among the Burials in the Register of St. Martin's in 
the Fields, Middlesex : — 

1643 June 22 Gulielmus Washington eques aurcUtis, 

From Col. Chester we learn that he was knighted at Theobalds 
on the 17th January, 1621-2, and that two of his children were 
baptized at Leckhampstead , in the County of Bucks., and two at 
St. Martin's in the Fields. The following are the two entries in the 
Baptismal Eegister of the last named parish : — 

1618 November Susanna Washington. 

1619-20 January 13 Geo. Washington fil. Gulielmi Washington 
en*^ & Annad ux' eius unius sorof p'nobilis Georgii Marchiofi & 
mitis Buckingham. 

One of the witnesses of Sir William's will was John Pardo ; and 
I noticed, in the same parish, the marriage of Guy Washington and 



35 

Katherine Pardieu, 17 November, 1629. The bridegroom was 
probably Sir William's young uncle. I noticed too that a Richard 
Washington, gen., and Frances Browne were married, 27 April, 
1627, and had children, Amata, bap. 21 October, 1628, and John, 
bap. 14 March, 1631-2. Richard Washington was buried 8 Janu- 
ary, 1641-2, and Ralph Hall and Frances Washington were married, 
17 January, 1642-3. A Philip Washington was buried 26 Sep- 
tember, 1643. 

Sir William's eldest, and, I think, only surviving son was Col. 
Henry Washington, the brave and resolute Governor of Worcester, 
for the King. He was buried at Richmond, Surrey, 9 March, 
1663-4, leaving four daughters and a widow, Elizabeth, who was 
afterwards married to Samuel Sandys of Ombersley, Esq. One of 
the daughters, Mary Washington, of St. Martin's in the Fields, 
spinster, made a nuncupative will, 13 January, 1680, leaving every- 
thing to her mother, Mrs. Sandys, who renounced, with consent of 
her husband, and admon., with the will annexed, was granted to 
Catherine Forster, a sister of the deceased, 5 May, 1681. Abstracts 
of her will and that of her sister Penelope are given below : 

Mary Washington, spinster, of the parish of St. Martin in the fields in 
the Co. of Middlesex, 13 January 1680, being in her last sickness whereof 
she died, with an intent and purpose to make and declare her last will and 
testament nuncupative and to settle and dispose of her estate, did utter and 
spake these words following, or the like in effect viz' : I desire that Hannah 
(meaning her maid-servant Haimah Lewis) may have one hundred pounds 
out of the money of the King's gift, and the rest I leave to my dear Mother 
(meaning Mrs. Elizabeth Sandyes), which words, or the like in effect she 
uttered and declared as and for her last will and testameut nuncupative in 
the presence and hearing of the said Mrs. Elizabeth Sandys her mother, 
whom she desired to remember what she said to her, and of Katharine 
Hodges, Katharine Forster and Mary Hall and that she was at the premises 
of and in her perfect senses and understanding, the same being so done in 
the house of Mrs. Forster, her place of abode. 

Letters issued 5 May 1681 to Catherine Forster, sister of the deceased, 
to administer the goods &c., for the reason that she had named no executor 
in the will, Elizabeth Sandys the mother, with consent of her husband 
Samuel Sandys Esq., expressly renouncing. North, 83 (P. C. C). 

Penelope Washington of Wickhamford, Co. Wore, spinster, 6 December 
1697, with codicil 5 January 1697, proved at Worcester 9 March 1697. 
To my niece Catherine Foster, spinster, two hundred and fifty pounds, but 
mj mother and executrix, Madam Elizabeth Sandys of Wickhamford, to 
receive the interest of this money during her life. The said Catherine not 
to intermarry with any person without the consent of my executrix, being 
her grandmother. To my other niece Elizabeth JoUett (Gellett) the same 
sum on similar conditions. To my faithful servant Sarah Torey one 
hundred pounds. The residue to my said executrix. 

By the codicil all the lands &c. in Bay ton and elsewhere in Wore, 
conveyed unto me by Mr. William Swift deceased and his trustees, to " my 
deare mother Elizabeth Sandys" her heirs and assigns forever. 

Seal — two bars, in chief three mullets. 
4 



36 

The above will of Penelope Washington I had the pleasure of 
receiving quite recently from the Rev. T. P. Wadley, Naunton 
Rectory, Pershore. 

In Add, MSS. 5705 (Brit. Mus.) may be found the substance of 
a petition from the four daughters of Col. Henry Washington, 
deceased '* (transcribed from a book in the Surveyor Gen^ of the Crown 
Land's Office, marked K. 1671-72 fol. 368 ad 372 inclu.)." They 
request a grant in consideration of the faithful service done by their 
father. 

Mrs. Catharine Foster, sister of Mary and Penelope Washington, 
who administered on the estate of the former, was afterwards mar- 
ried to Barnabas Tunstall or Tonstall, of the Middle Temple, Esq., 
license being granted 9 March, 1686-7. She and her sisters are 
mentioned in the will of their aunt, Mrs. Susanna Graham, which 
follows : 

Susanna Grahme of Blackheath in the parish of Lewisham in the Co. 
of Kent 6 October, 1697, proved 30 March 1699. I desire my body may 
be interred in the parish church of Lewisham. To the Lady Dartmouth 
twenty broad pieces of gold which are sealed up in a paper with her name 
upon it. To my niece Mrs. Bilson ten broad pieces (as before) and the 
sum of one hundred pounds payable out of the arrears of rent which shall 
be due to me at the day of my death. Besides I give my said niece all the 
pictures in my little parlour at Blackheath, except my Lady Mordants. 
To my nephew William Leg Esq. one hundred pounds. To my niece Mrs. 
Dorothy Heron one hundred pounds. To Mrs. Penelope Washington five 
broad pieces of gold. To Mrs. Katherine Tonstall five guineas and to Mrs. 
Gelet, sister to Mrs. Katherine Tonstall five guineas. To my niece Mrs. 
Musgrave all my plate and china which I have in my house at Blackheath. 
To my Lord Preston all my furniture and household stuff at Nunnington, 
except my plate and china, which I give and bequeath to my niece Mrs. 
Susanna Grahme, his Lordship's sister. To the said Lord Preston his 
father's picture and my husband's set in gold. To Deborah Sanders all my 
furniture and household stuff in my house at Blackheath not otherwise dis- 
posed of. To my Lord Dartmouth two hundred pounds, out of the arrears 
of rent, and four hundred pounds which he oweth me, provided always that 
his Lordship in consideration of the said six hundred pounds settle upon 
the minister of the parish of Lewisham for the time being and to all future 
generations such a salary for the reading of prayers once a day at Black- 
heath as is agreed between us, and I beg and desire of him that the said 
salary may be so settled according to law that it may be firm to all future 
ages. To the said Lord Dartmouth all my pictures at Blackheath not 
otherwise disposed of, with my coach and horses, and five guineas to defray 
the charges of my funeral. And I constitute and appoint the said Lord 
Dartmouth sole executor of this my last will and testament 

Proved by the oath of William, Lord Dartmouth. 

Pett, 40 (P. C. C). 

In the chancel of the old church at Lewisham, on a grave-stone 
of black marble, was this inscription : ** Here lyeth | Mrs Susanna 
Gbahme I wife of | Beginal Grahme Esq'^ | Lord of this manor and 



87 

second daughter of J Sir William Washington | who departed this 
life I the 26*^ day of February, Anno Domini | 1698 aged 81 years." 
This Reginald Graham was a citizen and draper of London, and be- 
longed, I believe, to the royalist family of Graham of Esk and 
Netherby, in Co. Cumberland. He purchased, 23 May, 1640, of 
John Ramsay, Esq., the lordship and manor of Lewisham for 
£1500, and by deed dated 30 May, 1673, conveyed it to George 
Legge, afterwards Baron Dartmouth, as I learn from the new His- 
tory of Kent, Hundred of Blackheath (edited by Henry H. Drake). 
Lord Dartmouth was eldest son and heir of Col. William Legge, a 
staunch royalist, who received license, 2 March, 1641-2, to marry 
Elizabeth Washington, of Kensington, Middlesex, spinster, about 
twenty-two, daughter of Sir William Washington, knight, of the same 
parish — at St. Faith's. Among the family letters is one of Col. 
Ed. Cooke to William Legge, Esq., Whitehall, dated Dublin, 
10 January, 1662-3. He sends humble service to Legge's lady, 
his brother and sister Graham, Harry Washington, Dick Lane and 
all bedchamber backstair friends. Another, from Barbara, Lady 
Dartmouth, to Lord Dartmouth, 15 December, 1688, says : "it hath 
pleased God to take away your mother yesterday after a lingering 
Ulness .... she desired to be carried privatly to the Minorite." 
One from Sir Harry Goodricke to Lord Dartmouth, dated York, 5 
January, 1689-90, expresses the greatest affliction of his wife and 
himself at the irreparable loss of their dearest mother. 

Col. William Legge, who had been a captain in Prince Rupert's 
Regiment, died at his house in the Minories, 13 October, 1670, aged 
63, and was buried in the vault in the Trinity Chapel there, where 
also his widow was buried, 19 December, 1688, aged 76. Their 
grandson William, second Baron Dartmouth, was created Viscount 
Lewisham and Earl of Dartmouth, 5 September, 1711. 



The following two or three abstracts refer to the Warwickshire 
branch of this family : 

Walter Washington of Kadway, in the parish of Bishop's Itchington, 
in the Co. of Warwick, gentleman, being asked 1 January, 1596-7, by his 
uncle George Warner about the disposition of his estate replied that he 
would leave all to his wife and children. Commission issued 23 April 
1597 to his widow Alice Washington to administer &c. 

Cobham, 31 (P. C. C). 

Commission issued 18 September 1646 to Anne Washington, natural and 
lawful sister of Walter Washington late of Upton, in the Co. of Warwick 
deceased, to administer his goods &c. Admon. Act Book (P. C. C). 

Commission issued, 18 September 1646, to Anne Washington, natural 
and lawful sister of Elizabeth Washington, lately of Tam worth, in the Co. 
of Warwick, but in Stepney in the Co. of Middlesex, singlewoman, deceased, 
to administer her goods &c. Admon. Act Book (P. C C). 



38 

Alice Woodward of Stratford on Avon, 20 Aug. 1642, proved 22 
May 1 047. To be buried in the church of Stratford near late husband 
John Woodward gen*. To the poor of Woodstreet Ward. To my son 
John Washington twenty pounds in six months. Bequests to grandchildren 
George, P^lizabeth, Ann, Thomas and Katherine Washington, the children 
of the said John Washington, at their ages of one and twenty or days of 
marriage : also to grandchildren Thomas, Walter and Alice Stanton. Friend 
Thomas Nash Esq. Fines, 112 (P. C. C). 

John Danvers of Upton in the parish of Katley in the Co. of Warwick 
Esq., 5 April 1658, proved 2 October 1658. My body to be buried in the 
parish church of Ratley. I give and bequeath my manor of Upton unto 
my brother-in-law Richard Swan, my brother George Danvers, my nephew 
Peter Yate and Ambrose Holbech the younger of Mollington, Warr., until 
my nephew John Danvers son of my late brother William Danvers de- 
ceased, shall attain his age of eighteen years; after that to my said nephew, 
with remainder to John Danvers, son of my brother George, then to my 
right heirs. To my brother Henry Danvers the income of five hundred 
pounds during his natural life, and after his death to Damaras Swana 
and Susanna Swann, daughters of my said brother Swann and of my sister 
Dorothy his wife. 

Also I give and bequeath unto my brother-in-law John Washington the sum 
of one hundred pounds &c., and unto Anne Pepys, wife of John Pepys, of 
Littleton, in the Co. of Worcester, the like sum of one hundred pounds &c,, 
and unto my godson John Washington of Kingston in the Co. of Warwick 
the sum of fifty pounds &c. (all payable within one year after the decease 
of the testator). Bequests made to Mary Yate, daughter of Peter Yate, to 
nephew Edward Yate, to Elizabeth, Hannah and Deborah, daughters of 
brother George Danvers, to Simon and Anna, children of sister Sibell 
Eduiph, to Elizabeth Danvers, daughter of late brother William, to John 
and Katherine, the two children of late niece Katherine Goodwyn deceased, 
to God daughter Anne Tyler, daughter of niece Anne Tyler, to cousin 
Samuel Tyler and his wife and to brother Henry Browne and his wife. 

Wootton, 449 (P. C. C). 

The testator of the above will was the eldest son of George Dan- 
vers of Blisworth, Co. Northampton, Esq., son of John Danvers of 
Cockthorpe, by Dorothy, daughter of Sir Richard Verney of 
Compton, both in the Co. of Oxford (see Visitation of Northamp- 
tonshire, 1618-19). His sister Anne (Danvers) was the wife of 
John Washington of Radway, son of Walter Washington, whose 
nuncupative will I have given. The latter's wife was Alice (not 
Catherine as in some of the pedigrees), daughter of John Morden 
alias Murden of Morton Morell, Warwickshire, by Katherine, 
daughter and coheir of Richard Marston of Draughton, Northamp- 
tonshire. After Mr. Washington's death, his widow Alice seems to 
have been married to John Woodward, who, I suppose, was the 
eldest son of Thomas Woodward of Butlers Marston (see pedigrees 
of Morden and Woodward in Visitation of Warwickshire, 1619). 
Katherine, daughter of Walter and Alice Washington, was married 
to Thomas Stanton, son and heir of Thomas Stanton of Woolvertou 



39 



(Woolverdington), Warwickshire. A pedigree of this famiJj is also 
in the Visitation of Warwickshire. 



Commission issued 4 May 1612 to Anne Bateman als Washington and 
Lucy Cheesewright ah Washington, natural and lawful sisters of Richard 
Washington, bachelor, in parts beyond the seas deceased, to administer his 
goods &c. Admon. Act Book (P. C. C). 

The above relates to a rather remote branch of the family, the 
said Richard, Anne and Lucy being children of Capt. Thomas 
Washington of Compton, Sussex (see pedigree). I now come to 
a nearer and better known line, which furnished a succession of 
Registrars of the High Court of Chancery, of whom the first was 
Lawrence, son of Lawrence and brother of Robert of Sulgi*ave. 

License granted to Lawrence Washington and Johanna Sorrell spinster, 
of High Easter, Essex, to marry there, 16 July, 1576. 

License granted to Lawrence Washington of Gray's Inn and Martha 
Newce, spinster, of Great Hadham, Herts., to marry there, 81 January 
1577-8. London Marriage Licenses. 

Lawrence Washikgton Esquire, Register of His Majesty's High 
Court of Chancery, 10 August 1619, proved 10 January 1619. I give, 
will and bequeath all my lands, tenements and hereditaments to my well 
beloved son Lawrence Washington, his heirs and assigns forever, and all 
my goods and chattells other than such legacies as I shall give and bequeath 
to my loving daughter Mary Horspoole, wife to William Horspoole, gent, 
and to any of her children, and to my loving brother Robert Washington 
and to my very good loving cousin Sir Justinian Lewyn, knight, and to the 
poor of the parish of Soulgrave in the co. of Northampton (and other 
legacies). I do constitute and make my said son Lawrence sole executor. 

Soame,3 (P. C. C). 

Funeral Certificate of Lawrence Washington, 1619. 

Lawrence Washington of Maydeston in Kent gent, and Registrar of his 
Ma***' high Court of Chauncerie second sonne of Lawrence Washington of 
Sowlegrave in the County of Northampton gent, and daughter of William 
Pargiter of Gritworth in the County of Northampton aforesaid gent, 
deceased the 21 day of December 1619 at his house in Chauncerie Lane 
and was buried in the parishe Churche of .... in Maydeston in Kent afore- 
sayd his body being thither translated on the 24 of the same moneth. He 
maried two wyves the first was Martha daughter of Clement Nuse of 
Haddam in the County of Hartf. gent, and had issue by her six sonnes and 
two daughters viz. Lawrence his eldest sonne and heire who also succeeded 
his father in the Office of Register maried to Anne Lewine the da. of 
William Lewine Doctor of the Civill Lawe and Judge of the prerogative 
Court, Clement his second sonne and Clement his 8^ sonne who dyed both 
without issue. Raphe 4 sonne, William 5 sonne, and an other all dyed 
before their father. He had also two danghters by the sayd Martha his 
first wife the first was Mary maried to William Horsepoole of Buckland 
neere Maydeston in Kent gent, the second daughter was Martha maried to 
Arthur Beswick sonne and heire apparant of William Beswick gent, of 
Spilmandine in the parishe of Horsemandine in the Countie of Kent afore- 
4* 



40 

sayd. The second wife of Lawrence Washington deceased was Mary the 
daughter of S' Thomas Scott of Scotts Hall in the County of Kent aforesayd 
Knight and by her had no issue. This certificate was taken by William 
Penson Lancaster Herald the 14 of January 1619 and is testified to be true 
vnder the hand of Lawrence Washington the heire of the sayd Lawrence 
deceased. 

Dr. Howard's Miscellanea Genealogica et Heraldica, 2d ser. vol. 1, p. 173. 

Pedigrees of the Mewee family may be found in Berry's County 
Pedigrees (Herts) and in the Visitation of Hertfordshire (Harleian 
Society's Publications). William Horspoole and Mary Washington 
were married (by License), 27 May, 1602, at St. James Clerken- 
well. He was son of Symon Horspoole, citizen and draper of London. 
(See Visitation of London, 1568.) 

Commission issued the last of May 1647 to Simon Horsepoole, natural 
and lawful son of William Horsepoole late of Great Marlow, Bucks., deceased, 
to administer his goods &c. Admon. Act Book. 

Sir Justinian Lewtn, knight, 8 July 1620, proved 1 1 July 1620. The 
land to descend to his daughter Elizabeth and the lady Elizabeth, his wife, 
to have the profits thereof during the minority of her child, towards her 
maintenance. The said Lady Elizabeth his wife to be his sole executrix. 
Ten pounds to be paid to the poor of this parish, ten pounds to the poor 
of Otterden. A hundred pounds to his sister Washington, fifty pounds to 
his sister Padgett, a hundred pounds to his sister Isam (Isham), a hundred 
pounds to his god daughter Elizabeth Huytt. Soame, 71 (P. C. C). 

Simon Hetnes of Towerstone (Turweston) in the Co. of Bucks, Esq. 
20 December 1626, proved 17 May 1628. My little nephew and god son 
Symon Heynes now in the house with me. As touching my freehold lands 
called Millfield, lying in Stuttesbury, Northampton, which I heretofore 
purchased of my cousin Lawrence Washington, of the King's Majesty's 
in capite, I dispose of two parts thereof in manner as followeth, leaving a 
third part thereof to discend to my son Henry Heynes according to law: 
one part to my wife, in lieu of her dower, and the other part to my said 
son for life &c. I make and appoint my wife executrix and my friends and 
kinsmen Lawrence Washington, Esq., and Simon Heynes, Esq., son of 
Joseph Heines, overseers. 

The wife's christian name is omitted in the Probate. 

Barrington, 40 (P. C. C). 

On a mural tablet on the south side of the chancel (Turweston) is in- 
scribed the name of Simon Heynes, Esq., who died April 10, 1628. 

Lipscomb's Hist, of Buck., IH. 129. 

Turweston is the next parish West of Westbury, some time the 
home of Sir Lawrence Washington. 

Sir Laurence Washington of Garsden, in the Co. of Wilts, knight, 
11 May 1643, proved 23 May 1643. To be buried in the church of Gars- 
den. My daughter the Lady Tirrell. My nephew Simon Horsepoole. My 
servants Francis Cliffe, Allen Moore, Thomas Benson and William Freame. 
My son Lawrence Washington to be executor. To the poor of Garsden 



41 

twelve pence a week for ever, to be bestowed in bread every Sunday morn- 
ing, chargeable on my manor of Garsden. 

(From the original will.) 

The above will is one of the Oxford Wills (so called) which re- 
main unregistered. The Calendars for 1643 and 1644 show many 
such. The Lady Tirrell mentioned in the will was Martha (Wash- 
ington), wife of Sir John Tirrell or Tyrrell of Springfield, Essex, to 
whom she was married June, 1630 (see Visitations of Essex, II. 
717). She died 17 Dec. 1670. Her husband was obliged to com- 
pound as a royalist in 1645, when he put in the following petition : — 

"May it please this honorable Cofliittee to take notice that I was 
Sequestered for being at Oxford, & the occations of my goeing thither weare 
these — Sir Lawrence Washiugto my wife's father (haueing noe more 
children besides my wife & one sofie then under age) carried my wife fro 
my house att Springfield in Essex to his house at Garsden in Wilts that 
Midsonier before the warrs began, & she being with child sent for me 
about Chrismas after, whereuppo I gcured a Passe from the Lords & 
Cofiions of ye Close Cofiiittee to travell to her, & about Sbrouetide after I 
got to Garsden, where the King Cofiianded by bis Garison in Malmsbury ; 
soone after S*' Lawrence went to attend the Scale at Oxford being ill before 
& at ye tyme of his goeing, but ye disease being quicker uppo him (for it 
began w^ a gentle flux) & his sonne lying there also desperately sick, & 
his man sending m[e] word he spake of my^ cofiiing, for ye settleing his 
Estate by deed (w°^ accordingly he did) uppo bis sonne & after, uppo his 
daughter; I went to Oxford, where S*' Lawr. shortly after died & his 
sonne hardly escaped, & then I returned to Garsden. Then my wife being 
sick at ye Bath & haueing spent o' monys, I went shortly after to Bracly 
to my Tenant ; & then gcureing a Passe fro my L: of Essex I came to 
Londo last January was twelue months & found my estate sequestered & 
soone after my goods & stock weare sold ; & I attended the L: & Colons 
of y® honor**^* Cofiiittee for Sequestratios till I was heard, & after, aboad 
in Londo till Mich : last when haueing no means longer to subsist I repaired 
to Springfield in Essex to my wife & childre, where I aboad till about 3 
weeks since. 

I gaue 10£ to the first Propositions. I have payd the 5*^ & 20^^ gt to 
the full, as appears by Certificate of ye Cofiiittee at Chelmisford. I haue 
taken ye National Covenant. I have payd all Rates without distresse, 
before I was sequestred; & [ ] except 50£ to Habberdashers Hall last 
Mich: for 20* gt w*^*^ I hope I am [ ] that my Certeficate saith I haue 
payd to the Full. My goods haue been sold & stock. My estate in North- 
amtosheire lost & utterly spoyled. I had a Passe to goe into ye K: Quar- 
ters, & was at Ox : before or when the Ordenance for Sequestratios bears 
date; the occatio was a greate Concerne unto me, to wit ye setfeling Sir 
Lawr. whole estate by intaile; And my owne land near Bracley. I never 
boar Arams; nor assisted ye K: Nor kissed his hand whilest I was there." 

« Yr humble Servant " Jo : Tirell " 

«24o April: 1645." 

The following inscription was copied at Garsden by J. Henry 
Lea, Esq. : 



42 

" To the Memory of S* Laurence Washington K* latelj chiefe Register 
of the Chauncery of known Pyety of Charity ezemplarye A loainge Husband 
A tender Father A bountifull Master A Constant Relieuer of the Poore 
and to those of this Parish A perpetuall Benefactour Whom it pleased God 
to take unto his Peace from the fury of the insuing Warrs Oxon Maii 14^*^ 
Here interred 24*« ASo Dfii 1643^ Actat Sucb W Where also lyeth 
Dame Anne his wife who deceased Junij 13^ and was buried 16*° Aflo 
Mi 1645." 

" Hie Patrios cineres curauit filius Urna 
Condere qui tnmulo nunc jacet Ille pius. 

The pious Son his Parents here interred 

Who hath his share in Urne for them prepared." 

Dame Anne Washington, his wife, was a daughter of William 
Lewin of Otterden, Kent, D.C.I/., and sister of Sir Justinian 
Jjewin, an abstract af whose will has been given. 

Lawrence WAsmsaTOV of Garsdon in the Co. of Wilts, Esq., 14 
January 1661, proved 15 May 1662. My body to be buried in the chancel 
of the Parish church of Garsdon. To the poor of Garsdon ten pounds, to 
be distributed to householders by five shillings to a house, and to the poor 
of Westamsbury and Bulford, Wilts, ten pounds &c. 

" Afsoe I doe giue and devise unto my Cozen John Washington sonne of 
Sir John Washington of Thrapston in the Countie of Northampton kn* one 
Annuitie or yearely Rent of ffortie pounds of Currant English money ffor 
and dureinge the terme of his naturall life To be issueing and goeing forth 
out of all my messuages Lands Tenements and Hereditaments and ifarme 
in Westamsbury ak Littleamsbury in the Countie of Wiltes aforesaid To 
be paid unto him at the fPeasts of Thannnciation of the blessed Virgin St 
Mary and St Michaell Tharchangell by euen and equall portions the ffirdt 
payment thereof to beginne and to be made at the ffirst of the said ffeasts 
which shall happen come and be next after my decease and if and as often 
as it shall happen the said yearely Rent of ffortie pounds to be behinde and 
unpaid by the space of Tenne dayes next after any of the said ffeasts in 
the which as aforesaid the same ought to be paid that then and soe often it 
shall be lawfuU to and for the said John Washington into the said Mes- 
suages Lands Tenements and hereditaments to enter and distreyne and the 
distresse and distresses then and there had found and taken to lead driue 
take and carry away and the same to impound deteyne and keepe untill the 
said Annuity or yearely rent of fforty pounds and all the arreares thereof 
(if any be) shall be unto my said Cozen John Washington fully satisfied 
and paid." 

To Charles Tyrrell, youngest son of Dame Martha Tyrrell of Heme 
House in the Co. of Essex, one annuity of twenty pounds &c. To my 
cousin Symon Horsepoole of London, gent., one annuity of thirty pounds 
&c. To my beloved sister Dame Martha Tyrrell twenty pounds to buy her 
a ring, and to my nephews John, Thomas and Charles Tyrrell ten pounds 
apiece and to my niece Martha Tyrrell twenty pounds, to buy each of them 
a ring. To John Elton of Tedbury, Glouc, physician, for his great care 
and pains towards me and my family for several years past, forty pounds. 
To servants (not named). The residue unto Elianor, my wife, whom I 
make sole executrix &c. Laud, 73 (P. C. C). 



43 

Dame Eltanor Pargiter, the relict of Sir William Pargiter late of 
Gretworth, knight, deceased, 17 July 1685, proved 2 June 1687. My body 
I desire may be carried in a decent and private way to Garsden in Wilt- 
shire and interred there by my former husband Lawrence Washington 
Esq^ I will and bequeath to my dearly beloved daughter Ferrars my 
necklace of pearl, being two strings of pearl, which her father gave to me, 
one saphire ring, which he likewise gave to me, and her father's picture set 
in gold. To the parish of Garsdon thirty pounds, to be bestowed in decent 
plate for the Communion Table there, to be kept by the Minister of the 
place for the time being. To the poor of that parish ten pounds. The 
residue to my daughter Elianor Pargiter, whom I make, constitute and 
ordain sole executrix. 

Proved by the oath of Elianor Dering ah Pargiter. 

Foot, 82 (P. C. C). 

She was the second daughter of William Guise of Elmore, 
Gloucestershire. She died 19 July, 1685, according to the monu- 
mental inscription at Garsden. Her first husband, Lawrence 
Washington, Esq., died 17 January, and was buried 11 February, 
1661-2. 

Thomas Pope of the parish of St Philip and Jacob in Bristol, merchant, 
3 September, 1684, proved 20 October 1685. Being now bound on a voyage 
to sea &c. To my -wife Joanna, for and during her natural life, my mes- 
suage and tenement called Noble's corner, and all the lands and appur- 
tenances thereunto belonging, situate in Barton Regis in the County of 
Glouc. The reversion and inheritance of the same messuage &c. I give 
and devise to my two sons, Charles Pope and Nathaniel Pope, their heirs 
and assigns, forever, equally between them as tenants in common. 

Item I give and devise to my son Thomas Pope and the heirs of his body 
lawfully to be begotten all that my plantation, with the lands, servants, 
cattle, stock and appurtenances thereunto belonging, situate and being at 
or near Pope's Creek in Westmoreland in Virginia, with remainder to sons 
Charles and Nathaniel in common . . . My other plantation, commonly 
called Clift's Plantation, in Westmoreland, on the Potomac River, in Vir- 
ginia &c. I give and devise to my two sons Richard and John Pope, their 
heirs and assigns forever. But my wife Joanna shall hold and be endowed 
of one third part of both my said plantations &c. for the term of her 
natural life. 

Item I make my loving friends and kinsmen Mr. William Hardridge, 
Mr. Lawrence Washington and Mr. John Washington, all of Virginia 
aforesaid, and the survivors and survivor of them, guardians and guardian 
of my said sons Thomas, Richard, John, Charles and Nathaniel for the 
managing of my said plantations and premises in Virginia. They shall re- 
ceive and take the rents, issues and profits thereof until my said sons shall 
attain their respective ages of one and twenty years, and they shall, from 
time to time, ship and consign the proceeds thereof to my said wife in Eng- 
land during her life, and, in case of her decease, to such other person or 
persons as shall be guardian or guardians of all or any my children, sons or 
daughters, to be by her or them from time to time disposed and laid out 
for and towards the better maintenance and education of all and every my 
said children. 

I make, ordain and appoint Richard Gotley and Charles Jones the 



44 

younger, merchants of the city aforesaid, executors in trust &c. And to 
each of my executors and to each of my above named Mends and trustees 
in Virginia I give twenty shillings apiece as tokens of my love. Provision 
made for three daughters, Mary, Elizabeth and Margaret out of the per- 
sonal estate (they under twenty-one). 
Wit: John Churchman, W™ Meredith, W" Brayne and John Selwood. 

Cann, 124 (P. C. C). 

The Honorable John Custis Esq. of the City of Williamsburg and 
County of James City in the Colony of Virginia, 14 November 1749, 
proved at London 19 November 1753. My executor to lay out and expend, 
as soon as possible after my decease, out of my estate, the sum of one hun- 
dred pounds sterling to buy a handsome tombstone of the best durable 
white marble, large and built up of the most durable stone that can be pur- 
chased, for pillars, very decent and handsome to lay over my dead body, 
engraved on the tombstone my coat of arms, which are three parrots, and 
my will is that the following inscription may be also handsomely engraved 
on the said stone viz^ 

" Under this Marble Stone lyes the Body of the Honourable John Custis 
Esquire of the City of Williamsburgh and parish of Bruton formerly of 
Hungars Parish on the Eastern Shear of Virginia and County of Northamp- 
ton the place of his Nativity Aged .... years and yet lived but seven years 
which was the space of time he kept a Batchelors House at Arlington oa 
the Eastern Shear of Virginia this Inscription put on this Stone by his own 
possitive Orders.*' 

And I do desire and my will is and I strictly require it that as soon as 
possible my real dead body, and not a sham coffin, be carried to my planta- 
tion on the Eastern Shore of Virginia, called Arlington, and there my real 
dead body be buried by my Grandfather the Hon**^* John Custis Esquire 
where a large walnut formerly grew and is now enclosed with a brick wall, 
which brick wall it is my will and I strictly charge and require it that the 
said brick wall be always kept up in good repair very handsomely by my 
heir that shall enjoy my estate; and if my heir should " ingratefully " or 
obstinately refuse or neglect to comply with what relates to my Burial in 
every particular then I bar and cut him off from any part of my estate, 
either real or personal, and only give him one shilling sterling, and in such 
case I give my whole estate, real and personal, to the next heir male of 
my family named Custis that will religiously and punctually see this my 
will performed, but more especially what any ways relates to my burial 
in general, and if by any accident the Tombstone and appurtenances 
should be lost, broke or any ways miscarry in coming in from England, or 
any other ways whatsoever, in that case my positive will is and I earnestly 
require it that my heirs or executors immediately send to England for such 
another stone exactly, with the appurtenances, of the same price, until one 
shall come safe to hand according to my will and desire. 

I give to ray dear friend Thomas Lee Esquire, if living at my death, two 
hundred pounds to buy him any one thing he has a mind to remember me. 
To my worthy and much esteemed friend John Blair Esq. one hundred 
pounds, and to Mrs. Mary Blair, his wife, five guineas to buy her a mourning 
ring. 

Whereas my plantation called Arlington, on the Eastern Shore of Vir- 
ginia is entailed by my Grandfather, the Hon. John Custis Esq., on the 
heirs male of my body lawfully begotten and for as much as my father, the 



45 

late Hon. John Castis Esq., had a patent in his own name for two hundred 
and fifty acres of the said Arlington plantation which my said father has 
given me hy his said will in fee simple, I do entail the said two hundred and 
fifty acres of land, so given to me, exactly in the same manner as the other 
three hundred acres contiguous or adjoining to it, and my will is that it 
always descend exactly in the same manner as Smith's Island and Motton 
Island, which are firmly entailed on the Heirs male of my body lawfully 
begotten by the will of my grandfather &c. 

And whereas by my deed of Manumission recorded in the County Court 
of York I have freed and set at liberty my negro boy christened John, other- 
wise called Jack, born of the body of my slave Alice, now I do hereby 
ratify and confirm the said deed of Manumission unto the said John other- 
wise called Jack, and after the death of said John, otherwise called Jack, I 
give all the estate by me heretofore given to the said John, otherwise 
called Jack, either by deed or otherwise, to my son Daniel Park Custis to 
hold to him my said son from and after the death of the said John, other- 
wise called Jack &c. My will and desire is that as soon as possible after 
my decease my executor build on the said land I bought of James Morris, 
situate near the head of Queen's Creek in the co. of York, for the use of 
the said John, otherwise called Jack, a handsome, strong, convenient dwell- 
ing house according to the dimensions I shall direct, and a plan thereof 
drawn by my said friend John Blair Esq., and that it be completely finished 
within side and without, and when the house is completely finished it is my 
will that the same be furnished with one dozen high Russia leather chairs, 
one dozen low Russia chairs, a Russia leather couch, good and strong, three 
good feather beds, bedsteads and furniture and two good black walnut 
tables. I desire that the houses, fencing and other appurtenances belonging 
to the said plantation be kept in good repair and so delivered to the said 
John, otherwise called Jack, when he shall arrive to the age of twenty 
years. I also give him when he shall arrive to that age a good riding horse 
and two young able working horses. I give to Mrs. Ann Moody, wife of 
Matthew Moody, if she be living at my death, twenty pounds, to be paid 
her annually during her natural life. I also give her the picture of my 
said Negro boy John. It is my will and desire that my said Negro boy 
John, otherwise called Jack, live with my son until he be twenty years of 
age, and that he be handsomely maintained out of the profits of my estate 
given him. I give and devise unto John Cavendish, for the many services 
he has done me, the house and lot where he now lives to hold the same 
rent free during his natural life. 

All the rest, residue and remainder of my estate, real and personal, be it 
of what nature or kind soever, or wheresoever lying and being in the whole 
world, I give, devise and bequeath unto my son Daniel Park Custis to hold 
to him, his heirs and assigns forever. And I do constitute and appoint my 
said son whole and sole executor. Wit : Thomas Dawson, George Gilmer, 
John Blair, jun^ 

The above will was proved at a court held for James City County 9 
April 1750, Ben. Waller being Clerk of the Court. 

On the twenty third day of Sept. 1784 Admon. (with the will annexed) 
of the goods &c left unadministered by Daniel Parke Custis deceased &c., 
was granted to Wakelin Welch, the lawful attorney of Martha Washington, 
formerly Custis (wife of his Excellency the Honorable George Washington) 
the relict and administratrix of the rest of the goods of the said Daniel 



46 

Parke Custis deceased, for the use aod benefit of the said Martha Washing- 
ton, formerly Custis, now residing at Virginia aforesaid, the said Daniel 
Parke Custis dying intestate. Searle, 287 (P. C. C). 

Facing this page will be found a folded tabular pedigree which I 
have compiled to illustrate this article. 



[Others of the name Washington than the famed brothers John and Lawrence 
Washington appear in the annals of Virginia : 

" Robert Washington of Wapping in y« p'sh of Stepney and Town of Middle- 
sex, Mariner," executed power of attorney to *' W™ Pearson, Chirurgeon," 
''29«» July 1660." 

'* Edward Washington, convicted of manslaughter and ordered to be burnt in 
the hand " October 12, 1675. Becords of General Court of Va, 

The following grants are of record in the State Land Registry : 

Major John Washington, Book No. 6, p. 38, 320 acres in Westmoreland Co., 
M'ch 23, 1664. Major John Washington and Thomas Pope, No. 5, p. 49, 50 
acres in Westmoreland Co. , Sept. 4, 1667. Major John Washington, No. 5, p. 49, 
300 acres in Northumberland Co., June 1, 1664; p. 50, 1700 acres in Westmore- 
land Co., March 26, 1664. Mrs. Ann Pope alias Washington, No. 5, p. 52, 700 
acres in Westmoreland Co., June 13, 1661. Major John Washington and 
Thomas Pope, No. 5, p. 54, 1200 acres in Westmoreland Co., Sept. 4, 1661. Lt. 
Col. John Washington, No. 6, p. 349, 450 acres in Northumberland Co., Oct. 10, 
1670. Lawrence Washington and Robert Richards, No. 6, p. 60, 700 acres in 
Stafibrd Co., Sept. 27, 1667. Lt. Col. John Washington, No. 6, p. 615, 5000 
acres in Stafford Co., 1677; p. 183, 560 acres in Rappahannock Parish, Nov. 3, 
1673. Richard Washington, No. 8, p. 165, 330 acres in Surrey Co., April 29, 
1682; p. 464, 200 acres in Surrey Co., April 20, 1685; p. 88, 772 acres in Surrey 
Co., Oct. 23, 1690; No. 9, p. 326, 345 acres in Surrey Co., April 25, 1701. John 
and Arthur Washington, No. 9, p. 371, 742 acres in Surrey Co., 1701. 

Neither Robert, Edward, Richard, John or Arthur Washington, appear to 
have been of the family of John and Lawrence Washington, from the records 
preserved of these brothers. — R. A. Brock. 

The Daily Beporter, Northampton, Eng., August 24, 1889, contains a descrip- 
tion of the Washington Slab in Sulgrave Church, and an account of its mutilation 
about a fortnight before that date by two strangers in gentlemanly attire. 

The Washington slab is thus described in the Northampton Beporter. Six differ- 
ent brass plates were let into it. The first contained the Washington coat of arms. 
Argent, two bars gules, in chief three mullets of the second. On each side, in 
brass, were "effigies of Washington and his wife, and below them on a brass 
plate of oblong form was the following inscription in three lines : 

Here lyeth buried y® bodys of Laurence Wasshingto Gent & Amee his | 
wyf by whome he had issue iiij sons & vij daughts w° laurence Dyed y* 
day of I an° 15 & Amee Deceassed the vi day of 

October an° Dni 1564. | 

Under this are representations of the four sons and seven daughters in two 
groups. 

The costume of Lawrence Washington and his children is that of the ordinary 
attire of civilians of the middle of the 16th century. The father wears a close- 
fitting doublet, a large loose gown, with demi-canon sleeves purfied with fur, 
and large broad-toed shoes. The boys wear large doublets, knee breeches, long 
hose, and shoes like their father ; and each has his gyficiere at his girdle. The 
girls wear close-fitting caps, with gowns reaching to the ankles, and secured round 
the waist with a band. The brass representing Amy Washington no longer re- 
mains. . . . Time has told somewhat on this monument of Lawrence and Amy 
Washington ; and it is also to be regretted , the hand of the thief as well. The head 
of Lawrence Washington has been knocked off; the brass effigy of his wile has 



John 
of Wfll 
CO. Lai 



laa. of Miles 
pn of Bar- 
wane. 

\ 



I 
Robert= 



Miles. 



lliomafl Washlngtonas dan. of 

of Compton, Sussex, I Oeering. 
Captain in Flanders 



Ellxabeth, wid. of=Lajl | j 

William Gough of & ( Jchard Washington, Lucy=- ... Chlselwright 
Northampton. on b. g. p. 1612. of co. Cambi idge. 

Ob. 8. p. ^" ' *^ 



19 



I ' 
Anne««Rob*t Dateman. 
KatheriaesMclobior 
Keynolds. 



Klizabeth, dau.= 
and h. of Kob't 
Light of Kad- 
way, CO. War- 
wick. 



lliam 

ireut 

who 



re,=Slr William Pargiter, 
1.) ofGretworth, kt. 



Lawrence Washingtot 
of Sulgrave and Bring. 



i I I i I i J 

l«rances=:Joun Thompson of Sulgrave. 
Anne=Edmund Foster of Hauslop, Bucks. 
Klizabeth. 
Magdalen. 

BarbaraHsSimon Butler of Appletree, oo. Northampton, 
bur. Bap. 6 May, 1549; bur. 16 June, 1628. 

1 AprU, 

16:i5. 
Marys Abel Makepeace of Chipping Warden, co. Northampton. 
Margarets- Gerard Uawtayne of Esington, Oxon. 



Anne, wife of Christopher Gyse (or Gise). 
Bur. at Garsdon, 4 June, 1642, let. 20. 



J I • 

i (AmyO^AIban Wakel3m. 

Ur8ula=:Thomas Adoook of 

,^,-., Swinford, Leic. 

ton. Ob. 13 Dec. 1616 £ii2abeth= Lewis Richardson 

Bur. 15 Dec. 1616, ai of Turvey, Beds. 

Brington. | 



Elizabeth, dan/ 

andh. 
Ob. 2 Oct. 1093. 



:Robert Sbiiley, Baron 
Ferrars of Cliartley, 
afterwards Earl Fer- 
rars. Ob. 25 i>eo. 1717. 



Stanton of Woolverton, co. Warr. Esq. 



falter. 



Alice. 



I, . _J. about 
liam Washing^ie^ ^j 

of Packington, co. Lefig^?. 
kt. Bur. at St. Martij ^^ ^ 
in the Fields, Midd.,'^Q^»'ig 
June, 1643. (Will.) [floolj. 

tt day. 
^a()t. at 
Ighton, 
ti Aug. 



! 



Henry Washington, td 
Col. inthcro>alis«tari 
of Worcester. Buried 
niond, Surrey, 9 Mar. ^ 



Elizabeth=Franci8 Mewce of HoMenby, co. Northampton. 
( Will Married 26 May, 1615. 

1670). 
Joan=:Francis Pill. 
Margaret=(liritt) Samuel Thornton, who died 16n(W7 (Will), 

and (secondly) Sir Sandys, kt. 

Al{ce=Robert, eldest son of Thomas Sandys of London, gent. 

France-4:= Gargrave. 

Amy=:l'hUip Curtis of fglip, co. Northampton, gent. 
Ob. 10:Mi. Ob. May, 16;MJ. (Will.) 

(WUl.) 

(Three other 

daus. of whom 

one probably 

named Lucy.) 



Lawrence Washington »2 w. Jane. 

>ap. at Tring, co. Herts. 

Emi- 



,, ' «r v* -♦«« /.,M June, 16:«. ] 



William, 3d son, 
bap. at Tring, 14 
Oct. 1641. 



•L" 



John Washington. 
Left Issue. 



Elizabeth, 
bap. at Tring, 
17 Aug. 1630. 

Margaret. 

Martha. 



I 



Anne»MQj. Francis Wright. 



JoL=Catheriif<^-Col. Henry Willis. 

I 



I I 

. W^arner. Ueury. 



/ 
Pf^ 



ding Lewis. Samuel, 

b. lt» Nov. 
1734. 



John-Angu«tlne, 
b. 13 Jan. 173i. 



Charles, 
b. 1 May, 
17.38. 



Mildred, 
d. young. 




HERELIETHTHE-BODIOFLAVRENCE 
WASHiNGTON • SONNE ■ & • HEIRE ■ OF 
ROBERT-WASHINGTON • OF SOVLGRA£ 
In ■ THE ■ COVNTiE • OF ■ NORTHAMPTON 
ESQViER ■ WHO • MARIED MARGARET 
THE-ELDESTDAVGHTEROF WiLLiAM 
BVTLER ■ OF • TEES • IN ■ THE COVNTIE 
OF ■ SVSSEXE ■ ESQVIER -WHO H ADlSSV 
BY ■ HER ■ 8 ■ SONNS ■ & ■ 9 ■ DAVGHTERS 
WHiCHLAVRENCEDECESSEDTHE 13 
OFDECEMBERA ; DNl : 1616 

Thov-thatbychance-orchoyce 

of-thishastsight 

know-lifetodeathresignes 

asdaye-tonight 

bvtasthesvnnsretorne 

revives' thedaye 

SO-CHRiST-SHALLVS 
THOVGHTVRNDE'TODVST&'CLAV 



49 

been stolen and taken away bodily ; and the enamel with which the coat of arms 
was colored has crumbled nearly all away, leaving scarce a trace behind. The 
two portions recently taken away are those representing the * iiij sons and 
vij daughters.* Each of these pieces could be covered by a sheet of note- 
paper." 

It is to be hoped that the perpetrators of this dastardly act may be discovered. 
An abstract of the will of Lawrence Washington and an inquisition post mortem 
are printed, ante^ pp. 24-26. 

Lawrence Washington of Sulgrave, grandson of Lawrence and Amee Wash- 
ington, died Dec. 13, 1616, and was buried at Brington. In I860, as has been 
stated in the foot-note on page 29, Earl Spencer presented to Hon. Charles 
Sumner facsimiles of two Washington memorial stones in the church at Bring- 
ton, which facsimiles Mr, Sumner presented to the State of Massachusetts. 
One of these stones was that of this Lawrence Washington and the other that 
of his brother Robert. The inscription on the stone of Robert Washington and 
his wife Elizabeth is printed on page 29, from Baker's Northamptonshire. Mr. 
David Pulsif er, in the appendix to his edition of Rev. C. H. Wharton's Poetical 
Epistle to George Washington (Boston, 1881), gives an account of the presen- 
tation of the facsimiles to the State by Mr. Sumner. This account is accom- 
panied by engravings of the two stones. Mr. Pulsif er has loaned us the cut of 
Lawrence Washington's stone, containing besides the inscription the arms of 
Washington impaling Butler; and it is pmited on the opposite page. Lawrence 
and Margaret (Butler) Washington were parents of Lawrence Washington, 
M.A., rector of Purleigh, who, it is believed, was the father of the Virginia 
emigrants. — Editob. 



Conclusions. 

A careful examination of the preceding pages will doubtless bring the reader 
to the conclusion that Mr. Waters has made out a pedigree in the highest degree 
probable, and lacking absolute certainty only on the two following points. First, 
having shown that Lawrence Washington of Virginia owned land in Luton, we 
lack positive proof to identify him with the Lawrence baptized at Tring in 1635. 

Second, having rendered it almost absolutely certahi that the father of the 
Washington children baptized at Tring, was a clergyman and M.A., we lack 
absolute certainty that he was identical with the Rector of Purleigh. 

On both these points we may hopefully expect assistance from our English 
friends, now that the field of investigation is so contracted. It may be fairly 
added, that whilst legal evidence on these two points is lacking, the industry and 
acuteness of Mr. Waters are signally shown in the great amoxmt of circumstan- 
tial evidence by him collected, which indeed affords us a moral certainty of the 
entire correctness of the pedigree. 

It is a curious fact that the first pedigree as drawn up by Sir Isaac Heard, should 
prove to be correct, probably, with the insertion of one more generation. Prob- 
ability, founded on the persistence of the christian name Lawrence, would lead 
every genealogist to attempt to connect the Virginia branch with the main line 
descended from John Washington of Warton and Marganet Eitson. But, in a 
pedigree, every fact must be susceptible of proof, and Col. Chester is entitled 
to the highest praise for his successful attempt to prove that the Viiiginia emi- 
grants were not Sir John and Rev. Lawrence, the sons of Lawr^ioe of Sulgrave 
and Brington, even if it now be shown that they were grandsons. 

It is satisfactory, however, to have the pedigree confirmed with this small but 
vital correction, as it retains the value of aU investigations which have been 
made respecting the Washingtons of SiUgrave, and will continue the interest 
of aU Americans in what had been accepted as the birth-place of the race. Mr. 
Waters has interposed one more ancestor in the person of the Rev. Lawrence 
Washington, and we shall doubtless soon learn much more about him. 

As Col. Chester's paper of 1866 may not be accessible to all of our readers, 
we reprint such parts as refer to Rev. Lawrence of Purleigh, especially as Mr. 
Waters has not cited all of them. 



60 

Extract from Col. Chester^ 8 ** Preliminary Investigation/* 

** We proceed now to the history of Lawrence Washinoton, apparently the 
fifth son of Lawrence and Margaret, and certainly the younger brother of 
Sir William and Sir John Washington. 

Baker was quite correct in stating that he was a student at Oxford in the 
year 1622. He was of Brasenose College, and matriculated on the 2d of Novem- 
ber, 1621. The exact record in the Matriculation Register is as follows: 
* Laurent: Washington, Northamp: Gen. fW. an. nat. 19;' i, e. Lawrence 
Washington, of Northamptonshire, whose father's rank was that of a gentleman, 
and whose own age was nineteen years at his last birthday. 

It was not until little more than a year later that the officials commenced 
entering in the register the christian names and particular residences of the 
fathers of the students, but in the present instance the above record is almost 
as satisfactory as it would have been if the other particulars had been given. 
In the first place, the Washington family of Sulgrave, or Brington, was the 
only one of tiie name in Northamptonshire whose sons could be recognized and 
designated as the sons of gentlemen, unless, indeed, the Heralds of that time 
omitted others, which is not probable. Secondly, there was no other Lawrence 
Washington at Oxford for considerable periods before and after this date; 
unless, again, all the officials were guilty of omissions in all the Registers (for 
the writer has carefully examined them all) , which is even more improbable. 
And, finally, the will of his aunt Elizabeth, widow of his uncle Robert Wash- 
ington, dated on the 17th of March, 1622-3, among other legacies to his brothers 
and sisters, leaves him her husband's seal ring, and states that he was then at 
Oxford. 

Lawrence Washington was bom, therefore, about the yeax 1602. He appears 
to have entered at Brasenose College as early as 1619, but he did not sign the 
Subscription Book until the 2d of November, 1621, under which date his name 
also appears in the general matriculation register, in connection with thirty-five 
others — an extraordinary number, and indicating that from some cause this 
cetemony had hitherto been neglected. He took his B.A. degree in 1623, and 
became Fellow of Brasenose about 1624. He is recorded as serving the office 
of lector, then the principal educational office in the college, from 1627 to 1632 
inclusive. On the 20th of August, 1631, he became one of the proctors of the 
university, filling a vacancy that had occurred by the deprivation of his prede- 
cessor by royal warrant. On the 14th of March, 1632-3, he was presented to 
the then very valuable living of Purleigh, in Essex, and resigned his fellowship. 
The records of a suit in Chancery, preserved at the RoUs Office, perfectly 
identify the rector of Purleigh with the fellow of Brasenose and the proctor of 
the university. He continued at Purleigh until the year 1643, when, according to 
Newcourt, he was * ejected by sequestration for his loyalty in the late rebelUon 
of 1642,* and had the honor of being pilloried in the infamous * Century.' 
Walker states that he *■ was afterwards permitted to have and continue upon a 
Living in these parts ; but it was such a poor and miserable one that it was 
with difficulty that any one was persuaded to accept it.' The writer has been 
unable to ascertain the living mentioned ; but it is to be hoped that some further 
trace of him may yet be (Sscovered in the neighborhood of Purleigh, where, 
putting the usual construction upon Walker's language,'*' he continued in his 
profession of a clergyman after the Restoration, and consequently some years 
after the date of his namesake's emigration to Virginia." 



Lastly, this important publication about the Washingtons would be imperfect 
if no notice were taken of the costly and widely-circulated book, published in 
1879, by the late Albert Welles. Many persons have been and will be misled by 
this utterly false and absurd publication. I will therefore reprint the essential 
portions of my letter to the New York Nation of July 18, 1889. 

The English portion was a most ridiculous performance in every point of 
view, and it is only fair to suppose that Mr. Welles was not in a soxmd state of 
mind when he adopted and published this statement. His unnamed English 
correspondent claimed to have derived his alleged facts from the Common Pleas 
Rolls, and adds : " The pedigree I now send I can establish by legal evidence." 

* See foot-note on page 21, onto.— w. h. w. 



51 

The object of this pedigree was to show that several generations of Washing- 
tons had been bom at Warton, County Lancaster ; t&t a Lawrence W. was 
bom there In 1669, whose eldest son was Leonard W., bom about 1696, the 
father of four sons and one daughter baptized at Warton in 1616, 1619, 1622, 
1625, and 1627. The two younger sons were said to be Lawrence, baptized 
1625, and John, baptized 1627, who were termed the emigrants to Virginia. 

I will not waste time in refuting the innumerable blunders of the rest of the 
pedigree, but deal with the essential point here raised. Col. Chester printed a 
letter in the New York World of March 29, 1879, when he had seen the pros- 
pectus of Welles*s book. He said : 

*' I at once recognized an old acquaintance, hawked about London some years 
ago, the origins^ manuscript of which is in my own possession, and now lies on 
my table before me, where I keep it for the amusement of my friends. . . . 
I will simply select the crucial point of it, where it is stated that the two 
emigrant brothers, Lawrence and John Washington, were sons of Leonard 
Washington of Warton, and that they were respectively bom and baptized in 
1625 and 1627. The only possible source from which these two baptisms could 
be obtained is the parish register of Warton. I have examined the register 
personally and very carefully, and can declare that no such entries are to be 
found in it." 

At this point I wish to introduce the evidence of the Rev. T. H. Pain, M.A., 
Vicar of Warton, given in a letter now before me, addressed to the New Eng" 
land Historical and Genealogical Begister, dated January 26, 1889. He writes : 

" I beg to say that I have not been able to find any entry of the baptism of 
Leonard Washington, said to have been bom in Warton about 1595. As to the 
baptisms of his children, I send the following extracts : 

Baptismata Anno Dom. 1616. 
Bobertus, Alius Leonard! Washington, baptiz. octavo die Septembris. 

Baptismat. 1619. 
Jane, daughter of Leonard w ashin^on, bapd. 4th day of September. 

Bapt. Anno Dom. 1622. 
Francis, ye sonne of Leonard Washington of Warton, baptized ye 4th day of February. 

^^ I have not been able to find an entry of the baptism of Lavrrence^ said to have 
been baptised at Warton in 1626, or ofJohn^ said to have been baptized here in 1627." 

In the light of these two statements, no one can doubt that the pedigree is a 
rank and stupid forgery, made by the simple method of fastening upon Leonard 
Washington two sons of whom he had no knowledge, and without a word of 
proof. 

It seems to me that Col. Chester's statement of the genesis of this forgery 
may be amusing and instructive. He wrote under date of June 16, 1879 : 

'* If you could see the original, which strangely fell in my hands, you would 
see how the whole thing was concocted. It was got up some years ago by this 
* James PMQippe ' for John Camden Hotten, who died before publishfig it, and 
his successors had too much good sense to carry out his intentions. It is evi- 
dent that the compiler, after working out an elaborate pedigree, much of which 
I know to be false, looked about for a safe place where to put the two emigrant 
brothers. He finally decided to make them sons of Leonard Washington of 
Warton. Afterwards, probably thinkhig that he might be detected, he crossed 
out this affiliation. But, finding no better place for them, he finally wrote (as 
an instruction to the printer), * This is correct.' 

** Of course you would not find any proofs of his statements. This dis- 
tinguished * genealogist ' never furnishes any. If asked for his authority in any 
instance, he draws himself up to his full height (6 ft. 4) and says, '/amthe 
authority ' ; and that is all any one can ever get out of him. . . . 

" The ' Common Pleas Rolls * are as well known to every historical student 
and genealogist as the Heralds' Visitations. Like all similar records, they are 
more or less valuable, but they rank no higher, if so high, as the * Chancery 
Proceedings.' Unfortunately, they are very difficult to search, from being 
entirely unindexed, and it is this fact of which * Phillippe ' takes advantage. 
He may almost with impunity say that his authority for a particular statement 
is a Common Pleas roll, for unless he also gave you, which he never does, the 
precise year, term of court, number of roll, and number of membrane, it would 
be almost impossible to test his statement. I spent weeks over these roUs of 



52 

the period. To say that they are not used by other genealogists is as ridiculons 
as to say that other genealogists do not look at wills or pa^sh registers or any 
other common source of information." 

Col. Chester proceeds to point out numerous specific errors, and adds : 

*' I have all the Washington entries of all the Registers in all the places named 
in the pedigree, and can say without hesitation that they can never have been 
consulted by the compiler. The whole affair is a mere catchpenny concern, and 
I am amazed at the impudence of men who can put forth such a concoction and 
then claim that every statement can be substantiated by legal evidence." 

TWs indignant exposure of the fraud, from the most competent authority, will 
'be sufficient. Every one will regret that Col. Chester did not have the good 
fortune to bring to a successful conclusion the investigation which he pursued 
for so many years. But every one will equally rejoice that the work has been 
^accomplished by an American, and will recognize the fact that Mr. Waters has 
'entirely filled the high place which Col. Chester left vacant.— W. H. WnrrMORB.] 



[the same land.] 



[the same land.] 



The following items received since the article was printed in the 
Beoister are inserted in this pamphlet (see ante^ pp. 17, 43) : 

Nathaniel Pope, Book No. 3, p. 279, 1000 acres on the south side of Potomac 

river in Westmoreland Co., Sept. 6, 1664. 
William Pope, Book No. 4, p. 31, 200 acres in Westmoreland Co., March 11, 1666. 
[These grantees were probably brothers]. 
Nathaniel Pope, Book No. 4, p. 61, 1660 acres in Westmore- 
land Co., April 24, 1666. 
Thomas, heir to Nathaniel Pope, Book No. 4, p. 61, 1660 

acres in Westmoreland Co., April 24, 1666. 
Nathaniel Pope, Book No. 4, p. 63, 1060 acres in Westmore-* 

land Co., Nov. 30, 1666. 
Nathaniel Pope, Jr., by will, Book No. 4, p. 63, 1060 acres in 

Westmoreland Co., Nov. 30, 1666. j 

Lieut. Col. Nathaniel Pope, Book No. 4, p. 293, 1600 acres in Westmoreland Co., 

Aug. 81, 1667. 
James Pope, Book No. 4, p. 376, 612 acres in Northumberland Co., Sept. 24, 1669. 
James Pope, Book No. 4, p. 376, 700 acres in Northumberland Co., Sept. 24, 

1669. 
William Pope, Book No. 4, p. 406, 200 acres in Nansemond Co., Oct. 30, 1662. 
James Pope, Book No. 4, p. 662, 700 acres in Northumberland Co., Feb. 28, 1662. 
James Pope, Book No. 4, p. 663, 1000 acres in Northumberland Co., Jan. 28, 1662. 
Thomas Pope, Book No. 4, p. 42, 2064 acres in Westmoreland Co., March 23, 1664. 
Thomas Pope and Major John Washington, Book No. 4, p. 49, 60 acres in a 

parcel of islands, number ten, in Westmoreland Co., in the mouth of 

Cedar Creek, Sept. 4, 1661. 

The above abstract of the grants to the name Pope, in our State Land Registry, 
is transcribed from my Memorandum book. — ^R. A. Brock. 



A letter has been received from Mr. Waters, dated the 20th of September, in 
which he states that he had visited Middle Claydon the day previous. He found 
there a few Koads and Vemey items. The most important was the marriage, 4 
April, 1668, of John Freeman and Esther Boads of Luton, in the Co. of Bed- 
ford. "Esther Roads," he writes, **was of course the daughter of William 
Roads, and went to her old homestead to be married. John Freeman was the 
one nominated by Mrs. Elizabeth Fitzherbert as one of her executors and 
trustees, and we now see the reason. He was her nephew by marriage. And 
it strengthens much the one weak link in our pedigree— 4he Tring and Luton 
connection. 

''William Roads of Finemore was buried 28 Sept., 1667. This must have 
been the father of Esther Freeman, and broiler of Amphlllis Washington." 



53 

Mr. Waters suggests that as Fine Moor Hill, about 2|^ miles south of Middle 
Claydon, is near a road connecting the villages of Edgecote and Quainton, the 
records of those places should be examined. 

Amphillls, the christian name of Mrs. Washington, must be very unusual. 
In the Visitation of Warwickshire it occurs four times, and once in that of 
Leicestershire. Three of these instances are connected with the Nevill family, 
and it seems to be persistent in that family. — W. H. Whitmore.