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Anglo-African Who's Who 

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It is not without certain misgivings that the first édition of the Anglo-Afrioa 
Who and Biographical Sketch Book is offered to a critical public. The fie 
it is intended to cover is an enormous one. It includes a continent, and emb 
représentatives of diplomacy, administration, politics, arms, literature, fina 
commerce. It would therefore be not a little surprising if this first édition c 
références to ail those who are justly entitled to a place in its pages, and t 
with the satisfied approval of those who are responsible for its production, 
may perhaps claim that, incomplète as it is, it contains many records of Anglo- 
which are not readily obtainable in any similar work of référence, and it is only n 
to add that we hope to remedy its sins of omission and commission in future < 

R. J. BARRETT, j "^^ 


The Editors désire that any inaccuracies that may be observed in the présent 
will be notified to them, in order that they may be rectified in future éditions. 

In order that the Second Edition, which is now being proceeded with, i 
more complète, the Editors would welcome any authoritative information of 
graphical nature, forms for supplying which may be obtained on application 

An édition de luxe, handsomely bound in leather, with gilt-edged paper a 
register, is published at 2ls, net, and is obtainable only from the proprietors. 

AU communications relating to any of the above should be addressed to 


c/o Messrs. GEO. ROUTLEDGE & SONS, Ltd., 

Broadway House, 




• • • 


Anglo-African Who's Who 




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ABBRETIATIOyS . . . . xii 

Addenda 171 

ÂDTERTISEICENTS {see Classifled 

Index to Âdvertisements) . 295 

Appendix 201 


„ Addenda . . 171 

„ Obituaries . . 181 

BaiTiSH South Afeica Co. (see 

Cape of Oood Hope .... 202 
Agent-Qeneral in London . .211 

Agriculture, Department of 220 

Attomey-Oenerars Dept. . . 213 

Cabinet Ministers .... ,203 

Civil Establishments . . '208 

Colonial Secretary's Dept . . 209 

Convict Stations . . . 211 

Customs Officiais ... 212 

Defence Department . . 244 
Education Department . .211 

Executive Council . . . 203 
Forestry Department .221 

Govemors 202 

Health Branch .... 209 
High Commissioners for S. 

Africa 203 

Hospitals and Asylums . . 210 

Législative Assembly . . 207 

M Council . . 206 
Magistrates .... 208, 214 

Native Affairs Department . 208 

Police 217 

Post Office Establishment 212 

Frime Minister's Office . . 208 

Public Works Department . 218 

BAilways 218 

Suprême Court .... 213 

Surveyor-General's Office . 221 
Treasurer's Department . .211 

Veterinary Branch . . 220 

Colonial OrnoB Offictals . 201 

East Africa Protectorate . 230 

Editorial Notice .... viii. 

EoyptianArmy .... 253 

,, „ Local Ranks. . 254 

HiGH Commissioner for South 

Africa 203 


Co 230 

Intercolonial Council, Mem- 

BERS 235 



Gold Coast Colony 

Gold Coast Régiment 

King's African RiHes 


Natal .... 

Orange River Colony 


MiLiTARY Forces in Africa :— 

Cape Colony, Defence Dept. . 244 
Cape Colony, Impérial Forces 

in 242,244 

Cape Colony, Volunteers . 246 

Cape Mounte4 Riflemen . 245 

EgyptianArmy .... 253 

Local Ranks in 254 

245. 249 
. 245 
. 248 
. 250 

246, 249 
229, 242, 244 
. 242, 243 

Northern Nigeria Régiment . 246 

St. Helena 245 

Sierra Leone .... 246,249 

Somaliland Field Force . . 252 
South Africa, Impérial Forces 

in 242 

Southern Nigeria .... 246 

Southern Nigeria Régiment . 248 

Sudan Administration . 254 

Transvaal .... 242, 243 

West African Forces 245 

West African Frontier Force . 246 

Natal and Zululand :— 

Administrators .... 222 

Agriculture, Department of . 228 

Attorney-Qeneral's Office . 227 

Civil Commissioner's Dept. . 226 

Civil Establishments . . 225 

Colonial Secretary's Office . 225 

Education Department . 228 

Govemors 222 

Immigration Department . 225 

Justice, Ministry of . . . 227 

Land and Works Department 229 

Législative Assembly . 224 

Législative Council . . 224 

Magistrates 226 

Médical Departments . . 226 

Mines Department . . . 229 

Ministries 223 

Ministry of Justice . 227 

Native Affairs Department 228 

Postal and Telegraph Depts. . 225 

Railways 229 

Treàsury 228 

Volunteer Forces . . . 229 

Obituaries 181 

Orange River Colony :— 

Executive Council 


Intercolonial Council 

L^islative Council 


Rhodesia :— 

Administrators . . 

Administrator's Division . 

Agriculture, Department of 

Attomey-General's Division 

Charter, Story of the 

Chief Secretary's Division 


Directors, B.S.A. Co. . . 


Executive Council . . 

Health Department 

Legisative Council, 

London Officals, B.S.A. Co. 

Matabele War .... 

Matabele Rébellion . . 

Native Department 

North-Eastem Rhodesia,*, 

ClftiO • a • • • 

North- Western Rhodesia, O 
cials ...... 


Public Works Department 

Railways in .... 

Treasurer's Division . . 
»" Victoria Falls . . . 

SPECIAL Articles . . . 
Sudan Administration 
Transvaal Colony : — 

; Executive Council 

Gold Mining Groups . . 

Intercolonial Council . 

Johannesburg Municipality 

Législative Council 

MiUtary Forces in . . . 

Transvaal Chamber of Minec 
Uganda^ Protectorats Ce 


West african Drbdging . 

Zanzibar Protectorate :— 
British Agency Officiais . 
Government Officiais 
Judicial Establishment 

Zululand {see Natal) . 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


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A.A.G. Assistant Adjutant-General. 

A.B.C. African Banking Corporation. 

Acct. Account (ant ). 

Acct.-Gen. Accountant-General. 

A.D.C. Aide-de-Camp. 

Ad. eund. grad. Admitted to the same degree. 

Adjt. Adjutant. 

Adjt.-Gen. Adjutant-General. 

A.M.I.C.E. Associate Member of the Institute 

of Civil Engineera. 
A.M.S. Army Médical Staff. 
Apr. April. 

A.R.A. Associate of the Koyal Academyt 
A.R.I.B.A. Associate of the Royal Institute 

of British Architects. 
A.R.M. Assistant Résident Magistrate. 
A.S.C. Army Service Corps. 
Assist., Asst. Assistant. 
ASSOC. Associate ; Association. 
Aug. August. 

B.A. Bachelor of Arts. 
Bart. Baronet. 
Batt. Battalion. 

B.B.P. Bechuanaland Border Police. 
B.C.L. Bachelor of Civil Law. 
B.D. Bachelor of Divinity. 
Beds. Bedfordshire. 
B.F.F. Belingwe Field Force. 
Br., Brev. Brevet. 
Brig. Brigade ; Brigadier. 
Brig.-Gen. Brigadier-General. 
Bro. Brother. 

Bros. Brothers. t 

B.S. Bachelor of Surgery. 
B.S.A. British South Africa(n). 
B.S.A.CO. British South Africa (Chartered) 

Camb. Cambridge. 
Capt. Cap tain. 

C.B. Companion of the Bath. 
ce. Cape Colony ; Cape Colonial ; Civil Com- 

C.C.F. Cape Colonial Forces. 

CD. F. Colonial Defence Force. 

CE. Civil Engineer; Church of England. 

CG.R* Cape Government Railways. 

Chm. Chairman. 

CI. G. Commander-in-Chief. 

CLE. Companion of the Indian Empire. 

C.I.V. City of London Impérial Volunteers. 

CM. Church Missionary. 

G. M. G. Companion of St. Michael and St. 

C.M.R. Cape Mounted Rifles. 
G. M. S. Church Missionary Society. 
Go. County ; Company. 
G. of E. Church of England. 
Gol. Colonel ; Colony ; Colonial. 
GoU. Collège. 
Gomdt. Commandant. 
Gomn. Commission (er). 
Gos. Companies. 
Goy. Company. 
Gr. Created. 

G.S.I. Companion of the Star of India. 
G.S.O. Chief Staff Officer. 
G.T. Cape Town. 
G.V.O. Commander of the Royal Victoriàn 


D. Died. 

D.A.A.G. Deputy-Assistant Adjutant-General. 
D.A.G. Deputy Adjutant-General. 
D.A.Q.M.G. Deputy-Assistant Quartermaster- 

Dau. Daughter. 
D.G.L. Doctor of Civil Law. 
D.G.O. ' Duke of Cambridge' s Own. 
Dec. December. 
D.D. Doctor of Divinity. 
D.D.G.M. Deputy District Grand Master. 
Dec. December. 
D.E.O.V.R. Duke of Edinburgh's Own Volun- 

teer Rifles. 
Dept. Department (al). 
D.F.H. Diamond Fields Horse. 


Asglo-African Who's Who 

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xiii — - 

Abbreviations (continued) 

D.G. Dragoon Guards. 

Dist District. 

D.L. Deputy-Lieutenant. 

D.M. Diamond Mine (s). 

D.M.T. District Mounted Troops. 

D.P.H. Diploma of Public Health. 

Dr. Débit. 

D.R. Dutch Reformed. 

D.Sc. Doctor of Science. 

D.S.O. Distinguished Service Order. 

E. East(em). 
E.C. East Central. 
Ed. Editer ; edited. 
Edin. Edinburgh. 
Eng. England. 

F.A.S. Fellow of the Society of Arts. 

P.C. Football Club. 

Peb. February. 

Fel. Fellow. 

F.G.S. Fellow of the Geological Society. 

F.I.Inst. Fellow of the Impérial Institute. 

F.L.H. Frontier Light Horse. 

F.L.S. Fellow of the Linnaean Society. 

F.R.A.S. Fellow of the Royal Astronomical 

P.R.C.I. Fellow of the Royal Colonial In- 

F.R.C.P. Fellow of the Royal Collège of Phy- 

P.R.C.P.E. Fellow of the Royal Collège of 
Physicians, Edinburgh. 

F.R.C.S. Fellow of the Royal Collège of Sur- 

P.R.C.S.E. Fellow of the Royal Collège of 
Surgeons, Edinburgh. 

F.R.G.S. Fellow of the Royal Geographical 

F.R.Hist.S. Fellow of the Royal Historical 

F.R.Hort.S. Fellow of the Royal Horticultural 

F.R.Met.S. Fellow of the Royal Meteorological 

F.R.M.S. Fellow of the Royal Microscopical 

F.R.S. Fellow of the Royal Society. 

F.R.S.E. Fellow of the Royal Society of Edin- 

F. S.A. Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries. 

F.R.S.S. Fellow of the Royal Statistical 

F.Z.S. Fellow of the Zoological Society. 

G. C.B. Knight Grand Cross of the Bath. 

G.C.M.G. Knight Grand Cross of St. Mi 

and St. George. 
G.C.I.E. Knight Grand Commander of 

Indian Empire. 
G. G. Grenadier Guards. 
G.C.S.I. Knight Grand Commander of the i 

of India. 
Gen. Greneral. 
Gen. Mail. Greneral Manager. 
GIos. Gloucester(shire). 
G. M. GoldMine; Gold Mining; Grand Ma 

Govt. Government. 
G.P.O. General Pçst Office. 
Gram. Grammar(ian). 
Gren. Grenadier. 

H.B.M. His (Her) Britannic Majestyfs). 

H.E. His Excellency. 

H.E.I.C.S. Honourable Èast India Compai 

Herts. , Hertfordshire. 
Hon. Honourable, Honorary. 
H.M. His (Her) Majesty. 
H.M.S. His (Her) Majesty's Ship. 
H.R.H. His (Her) Royal Highness. 
H.S.H. His (Her) Serene Highness. 

I.Br. Im. Breisgau. 

I.C.S. Indian Civil Service. 

I.D.B. Illicit Diamond Buying. 

I.G.B. lUicit Gold Buying. 

I.L.H. Impérial Light Horse. 

111. Illinois. 

Imp. Impérial. 

Imp. Yeo. Impérial Yeomanry. 

I.M.R. Impérial Military Railways. 

Ind. Med. Indian Médical. 

Inf. Infantry. 

Invest. Investment. 

Intell. Intelligence. 

I.S.C. Indian Staff Corps. 

I.S.O. Impérial Service Order. 

I.W. Isle of Wight. 

LY. Impérial Yeomanry. 

Jan. January. 

J.M.R. Johannesburg Mounted Rifles. 

J.P. Justice of the Peace. 

K.A.R. King's African Rifles. 
K.C. King's Counsel. 
K.C.B. Knight Commander of the Bath. 
K.C. M. G. lôiight Commander of St. Miel 
and St. George. 


Anglo-African Who*s Who 

K.C.S.I. Knight Commander of the Star of 

K.F.S. Kitchener's Fighting Scouts. 
K.G. Knight of the Garter. 
Knt. Knight. 
K.R. Kaffrarian Rifles. 
K.R.R« King' s Royal Rifles. 
K. W.T. King William' s Town. 

L.C.C. London County Council. 

Ld. Lord ; Limited. 

L.I. Light Infantiy. 

Lieut. Lieutenant. 

Lieut.-Col. Lieutenant-Colonel. 

Lieut.-Gen« Lieutenant-General. 

Lit. Literary. 

LL.B. Bachelor of Laws. 

LL.D. Doctor of Laws. 

LL.M. Master of Laws. 

L.M.S. London Missionary Society. 

Lond. London. 

L.R.C.P. Licentiate of the Royal Collège of 

Ltd. Limited. 

M.A. Master of Arts. 

Maritzburg. Pietermaritzburg. 

Ma]. Major. 

Maj.-Gen. Major-Greneral. 

M.B. Bachelor of Medicine. 

M.C.C. Marylebone Cricket Club. 

Mch. March. 

M.D. Doctor of Medicine. 

M.E. Mining Engineer. 

Med. Médical ; Medicine. 

Mem. Member. 

M.I. Mounted Infantry. 

M.I.E.E. Member of the Institution of Elec- 

trical Engineers. 
M.LM.E. Member of Institution of Mechanical 

M.Inst.C.E. Member of Institution of Civil 

M.L.A. Member of Législative Assembly. 
M.L.C. Member of Législative Council. 
M.M.P. Mashonaland Mounted Police. 
M.0.0. Money Order Office. 
M.P. Member of Parliament. 
M.R. Main Reef. 

M.R.A.S. Member of Royal Asiatic Society. 
M.R.C.I. Member .of the Royal Colonial In- 

M.R.C.P. Member of the Royal Collège of 

M.R.C.P.E. Member of the Royal Collège of 

Physicians, Edinburgh. 

M.R.C.S. Member of the Royal Collège of Sur- 

M.R.C.S.E. Member of the Royal Collège of 
Surgeons, Edinburgh. 

Mus. Bac. Ba^îhelor of Music. 

M.V.O. Member of the Royal Victorian Order. 

N. North. 

Nat. National ; Native. 

N.B. North Britain; Nota bene (note well). 

N.C. Natal Carabineers. 

N.C.O. Non-Commissioned officer. 

N.E. North-east. 

N.M.P. Natal Mounted Police. 

No. Niunber. 

Northants. Northamptonshire. 

Nov. November. 

N.S.W. New South Wales. 

N.W.P. North-West Province. 

N.Z. New Zealand. 

Oct. October. 

O.F.S. Orange Free State. 

O.H.M.S. On His (Her) Majesty's Service. 

O.M. On Maine, Order of Merit. 

O.R.C. Orange River Colony. 

Oxon. Oxford, Oxfordshire. 

P.A.G. Prince Alfred' s Guards. 

P. and 0. Peninsular and Oriental Steam 

Navigation Co. 
P.C. Privy Councillor. 
P.E. Port EUzabeth. 
P. H. Paget's Horse. 
Ph. D. Doctor of Philosophy. 
P.G.D. Past Grand Director (Masonic). 
P.G.M. Past Grand Master (Masonic). 
P.M.B. Pietermaritzburg. 
P.M.G. Postmaster-General. 
P.M.O. Principal Médical Officer. 
P.O. Post Office. 
Priv. Private. 
Prof. Professer. 

P.R.S. Président of the Royal Society. 
P.S.C. Passed Staff Collège. 
Pub. Public. 
P. W. PubUc Works. 

Q.C. Queen's Counsel. 

Q.M. Quartermaster. 

Q.M.G. Quartermaâter-General. 

Q.M.L Queenstown Moimted Infantry. 

q.v. Quod vide, which see. 

R. Royal. 

R.A. Royal Academician; Royal Artillery. 


Abbreviations (coniinued) 

Raad. Volksraad. . 

R.A.M.C. Koyal Army Médical Corps. 

R.E. Royal Engineers. 

Regt. Kegiinent(al). 

Rev. Révérend. 

R.F.A. Royal Field Artillery. 

R.G.A. Royal Garrison Artillery. 

R.H. Robert»' Horse. 

R.H.A. Royal Horse Artillery. 

R.H.V. Rhodesia Horse Volunteers. 

R.M. RoyalM€irine(8); Résident Magistrate. 

R.M.A. Royal Marine Artillery. 

R.M.L.I. Royal Marine Light Infantry. 

R.M.S. Royal Mail Steamer. 

R.N. Royal Navy; Royal Naval. 

R.N.R. Royal Naval Reserve. 

R.R. Rand Rifles. 

R.S.O. Railway Sub-Office. 

Rt. Right. 

R.V. Rifle Volunteers. 

S. South. 

s. Son. 

S.A. South Africa(n). 

S.A.C. South African Constabulary. 

S.A. Coll. South African Collège. 

S.A.L.H. South African Light Horse. 

S.A.M.I.F. South African Mounted Infantry 

S.A.R. South African Republic ; South African 

S.D. Senior Deacon(Masonic). 
Sc.D.Camb. Doctor of Science, Cambridge. 
Sch. School ; Scholar. 
S.E. South-east ; Stock Exchange. 
Sec. Second ; Secretary ; seconded. 
Sept. September. 
Secy. Secretary. 

S.F.F. Somaliland Field Force. 

S.H. Scottish Horse. 

S.L.F.F. Sierra Leone Field Force. 

S.M.O. Senior Médical Offîcer. 

Soc. Society. 

Squad. Squadron. 

St. Street ; Saint. 

S.V.O. Senior Veterinary Officer. 

Supt. Superintendent. 

Surg. Surgeon. 

Surg.-Capt. Surgeon-Captain. 

Trans. Transvaal ; translate. 

Univ. University. 

U.K. United Kingdom. 

U.S. United States. 

U.S.A. United States of America. 

V. Against. 

V. van. 

V.C. Victoria Cross. 

V.D. Veterinarj»^ Department; Volunteer ( 

cers' Décoration, 
v.d. van der 
Yen. Vénérable. 
Vice-Pres. Vice-Président. 
Vol (s). Volume (s). 

W. West. 

W.A. West Africa(n). 

W.A.F.F. West African Field Force. 

W.C. West Central. 

Wilts. Wiltshire. 

W.M.R. Winterberg Mounted Rifles. 

Yorks. Yorkshire. 




I ; 



I i 



, I 



I r 


ABBIT, William, B.A., F.R.C.I., of Collège 
Boad Pietennaritzburg ; son of the late W. 
Abbit ; was bom Dec. 25, 1872 ; was educated 
at Beauinaris Gram. Sch., where he won a 
leaving exhibition, and Cklso an exhibition granted 
by the Clothworkers Company. He entered 
Downing Coll., Camb., graduating with honours 
in mathematics in 1892, when he proceeded to 
S.A.; founded a literary society on Berea, 
Durban ; founded Sandow Club, Durbcui ; 
beoame Assist. Master, Qovt. Coll., MaritKburg, 

ABEBCOBN (James Hamilton), Dttke of, 
P.C., K.G., C.B., of 60 and 61, Green Street, W. ; 
Baronscourt, Newtown Stewart, Ireland ; Dud- 
dingston House, Edinburgh ; and of the Carlton, 
Travellers', Turf, and Marlborough -Clubs ; was 
bom in 1838. He succeeded the first duke in 1886, 
and adds to his other titles : Baron of Paisley, 
Baron Abercom, Baron Hamilton, the Earl of 
Abercom, Baron of Strabane, Viscount of 
Strabane, Baron Hamilton, Marquess of Aber- 
com, and Marquess of Hamilton He is also 
Knt. of the Danneburg Order, of St. Anne of 
Bussia, and of the Iron Crown of Austria. He 
was educated at Harrow and Christ Church, 
Oxford, where he grculuated M.A. He was 
Hon. Col. of Donegal Militia from 1860-91 ; 
represented Donegal aa Conservative M.P. from 
1860-80 ; was Lord of the Bedchamber to the 
Prince of Wales from 1866-86 ; and is Président 
of Ulster Assoc. 

For many years, which date from the inception 
of the Company, the Duke of Abercom haa taken 
a strong personal and political interest in the 
Chartered Company, of which he is Président, 
lending the fuU weight of his influence and a 
great deal of his time to the development of 
Rhodesia. He bas travelled through the country 
and is in no sensé merely a figurehead, his 
counsel and culvice always carrying great weight 
with the directors and shareholders. He married 
in 1889 Lculy Mary Anna Curzon, dau. of the first 
Earl Howe. 

ABRAHAMSON, Louis, went to S.A. fros 
Melbourne as a youth and was engaged h 
business in Cape Colony for several yean 
Going up to the Rand in the early days, he wa 
amongst the first to take an interest in floatin( 
the deep levels, including the May Deep, S. Prim: 
rose, Wemmer, Worcester, and Robinson Deep 
Retuming to the Cape he settled down to fcum- 
ing in the Somerset East Dist., and in 1894 wai 
nominated by the Bond to contest Somerset 
East, for which constituency he was retumed at 
the top of the poU. He married in 1892 the 
eldest dau. of Hougham Hudson, late C.C. at 

ADAMS, Majob Snt Hamilton John Goold- 
(See Goold-Adams.) 

ADENDORFF, A. R., M.L.A., was elected 
as Bond représentative of Fort Beaufort in 
the Cape House of Assembly at the gênerai 
élection in 1904. 

ALDERSON, Brig.-Gen. Edwin Alvbed 
Hebvet, C.B. (cr. 1900), of the Marlborough 
and Naval and Military Clubs, son of CoL Ed- 
ward Mott Alderson, of Poyle House, Ipswich ; 
was bom in 1859 ; was educated at Ipswich 
Gram. Sch. ; entered 97th Regt. 1878, beeame 
Capt. Roy. W. Kent Regt. 1886, Major 1896, 
Brevet Lient. -Col 1897, and Brevet CoL 1901. 
He served in Transvaal Campcdgn with Mounted 
Inf. in 1881, during Egyptian Campcdgn of 
1882, with Mounted Inf., being présent at 
actions of Mahuta and Massuneh, battles of 
Kasassin and Tel-el-Kebir, and the occupa- 
tion of Cairo (medal with clasp, bronze star), 
in Soudan Campaign 1884-5 with Mounted 
Inf. Camel Regt., when he was présent at the 
battles of Abu Klea, El Gubat, and Metemneh 
(two clasps). He did good work in Mashona- 
land, 1896, with Mounted Inf. and in command 
of troops (despatches, medal, Brevet Lient.- 
Col.), and in S. Africa 1899-1901 in command 
of 4 différent Mounted Inf. Brigs., being présent 


Anglo-African Who*s Who 

at relief of Kimberley, battles of Paardeberk; 
and Driefontein, and the occupation of Bloem- 
fontein and Pretoria, (several times mentioned 
in despatches, C.B., A.D.C. to the King, Brevet 
Col.) ; was D.A.A.G. and Comdg. Mounted 
Inf., Aldershot 1897-9 ; appoînted to command 
Mounted Inf. in S. Africa 1900, Inspector-Oen. 
thereof, with rank of Brig.-Gen. ; appointed 
Brig.-Gen.-on-Staff Comdg! 2bid Brig. (Ist 
Div.) Ist Army Corps, 1903 ; bas been an 
Extra A.D.C. to H.M. Queen Victoria and 
H.M. King Edward VII. since 1900 ; reoeived 
Boyflkl Humane Society's medal 1885 ; author 
of "With the Mounted Infantry and the 
Mashonaland Field Force, 1896 '* ; also of « Pmk 
and Scarlet, or Hunting as a School for Soldier- 
ing." He mcurried in 1886, Alice Mary, 2nd 
dau. of Rev. O. P. Sergeant. 

ALEXANDER, Lieut. Boyd, F.Z.S., was 
bom Jan. 16, 1873 ; joined the Rifle Brigade 
in 1900, and served in the Gold Coast Constab- 
ulary and with the West African Frontier Force 
in the relief of Kumasi ; made an omithologîcal 
survey on the Gold Coast, and in Sept., 1902, 
proceeded to the Bénin Islands to investigate 
their avifauna. Early in 1894, Lieut.- Boyd 
Alezander left England in charge of an expédi- 
tion to conduct a survey of part of the eastem 
portions of the Northern Nigérian Protectorate, 
and also to mcJ^e zoological collections. 

ALEXANDER, Lieut. G., Scots Guards, 
is a brother of Lieut. Boyd Alexander (q.v.), 
whom he is accompanying on a survey expédi- 
tion to N.E. Nigeria. The party will also 
make zoological collections, and will proceed 
direct up the Niger to Lokoja, thence along 
the Benue, and ultimately to Li^e Chad, which 
will probably be reached about the end of 1904. 

ALLDRIDGE, T. J., J.P., F.R.G.S., F.Z.S., 
F.R.C.I., of Godalming, Surrey ; Government 
House, Bonthe, Sherbro, W.C. Africa, and the 
Royal Societies Club, was bom in 1847 ; is 
2nd son of the late R. W. Alldridge, of Old 
Charlton, Kent, and was educated at the 
Blackheath Proprietary School. He was 
Travelling Commissioner for Sierra Leone 
1889-93, doing pioneer work to the remote 
lunterland, especiaUy in the Upper Mendi 
oountry, placing many of the paramount chiefs 
in treaty with the British Govt. He made 
peace between the Yonnis and Timinis at 
Ilobari in 1890, and was on other peace missions. 
He served through the native rébellion in 189S 

(medal cuid clasp), and was awarded the Cuthbert 
Peek grant in 1900 in récognition of his geographi- 
cal work in the interior of Sierra Leone. He 
is J.P. for the Colony ; Commissioner of the 
Court of Requests ; Coroner for Sherbro 
District ; Hon. Corresponding Secy. of the 
Royal Colonial Institute, and the author of 
" The Sherbro and its Hinterland." 

ALLEN, Rev. Hjcnby William Chables, 
of Utrecht, Natal ; was ordained in the Zululand 
diocèse ; was Priest-in-charge of St. Andrew*s 
Mission, Lower Tugela ; Priest-in-charge of 
Annesdale (Zululand) for three years, and waa 
then preferred to the living of Utrecht. 

AMESHOF, JuDGE ; was formerly Judge of 
the High Court of the S.A.R. He was 
one of the Commission of three appointed by 
the Government of the S.A.R. to confer 
with a deputation of the Reformers with a view 
to an amicable settlement of différences being 
currived at. In giving évidence subsequently 
at the preliminary examination of the Reformers 
he refused to say anything which might be to 
the advantage of the prisoners, on the ground 
that the meeting was privileged. His objection 
was sustained by the Court, who ruled that the 
interview was privileged as far as the 
Government was concemed, but not in so far 
as it could benefit the Reformers. 

Jud5e Ameshof, in common with the Chief 
Justice and Mr. Gregorowski, made a stand 
against the provisions of Law I. of 1897 (vide 
particTilars under Gregorowski), in conséquence 
of which he was summarily dismissed. 

AMPHLETT, Geobgb Thomas, F.R.C.I., of 
Uhlenhorst, Rondebosch, Cape Colony, and the 
Impérial Colonies Club ; was bom in London 
Jan. 1, 1852 ; was educated at the Philological 
School, Marylebone, and King's Coll., London. 
He was one of the only two who passed the first 
exam. of the English Bankers' Inst., and is Secy. 
in Cape Town of the Standard Bank of S.A. He 
won the sculling championship of Hamburg in 
1874, and is Vice-Pres. of the Mountain Club of 
S.A. In Feby. 1902, he rescued three N.C.O.'s 
from a perilous position on Devil's Peak, Cape 
Town, after 56 hours' détention on a narrow 
ledge, receiving the thanks of the Chief Army 
Paymctster and Staff with a présentation. 
During the late S.A. War he was Capt. in the 
Town Guard, Cape Town. He is an Assoc. of 
the Inst. of Bankers ; mem. of the Philoso- 
phical Society (C.T.) ; mem. of the S.A. Assoc. 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

for the Advancement of Science, and is Past 
Grand Warden of the Provincial Grand Lodge 
of S.A. 

ANDEKSON, Thomas Johnson, M.L.A., 
représenta Cape Town in the Progressive interest 
in the House of Assembly ; he was last elected 
at the gênerai élection in 1904. 

ARCHER, HoN. Fbancis BissET, M.L.C., 
J.P., of Bathurst, the Gambia ; of 71, Bishop's 
Mansions, Bishop's Park Rd., S.W. ; and of 
the Grosvenor Club ; eldest son of Capt. F. G. 
Archer, late of the Commissariat Dept. bya nièce 
of Sir Henry Fox Dristowe, late Vice Chancelier 
of the Duchy of Lancaster, and grandson of 
Oommissary-Gen. Archer ; was bom in British 
Honduras Aug. 1, 1868. In Feb., 1894, joined 
the Colonial Service, as Principed Clerk, Col. 
Secy's office, Gold Coast ; promoted Chief 
Clerk 1896, and acted as Asst. Col. Secy., Clerk 
of Executive and Législative Councils. He held 
a Conmiission in the Gold Coast Volunteers, 
acting as Adjt. for some time. He holds a 
Field Offîcer's certificate. In 1897 he was 
transferred to Lagos as Asst. Col. Secy. ; Ist 
Asst. in 1899, and had charge of the Dept. during 
the various periods when Sir Geo. Denton (q. v. ) 
adnxinistered the Govt. between 1899 and 1902 ; 
he acted as Col. Treasurer, as Member of the 
Législative and Executive Councils, and was 
appointed Receiver-Gen. of the Gambia, Jan., 

1903, He acted as Col. Secy. Feb.-Aug, 1903, 
is J.P. for the Colony. He married, Mch. 15, 

1904, Daisy, youngest dau. of the late Dr. J. 
G. lîiompson, D.D., M. A. 

ASCHAM, RooEB, Orgemist to the Mimici- 
pality of Port Elizabeth, of Harrowdale, Have- 
lock St., Port Elizabeth, and of the Deutsche 
Liedertafel Club ; was bom at Bonner Rd., 
Victoria Park, Aug. 28, 1864, tmd was educated 
at the Royal Normal Collège of Music for the 
Blind, Upper Norwood. Mr. Ascham comes 
of musiceJ parents, and received his first tuition 
in music when six years old at the hands of his 
mother. A few years later he joined the choir 
of St. Clement's, Boumemouth, studying under 
the church organist, Dr. Linter. On the 
depeœture of Dr. Linter, he succeeded him as 
organist at the âge of tiiirteen yeajrs, and held 
the post for two years. As the services of St. 
Clement's were " high " and the music some- 
what elaborate, the youthful orgemist might 
hâve justly been regarded as etn infant prodigy. 
After leaving Boumemouth the young musician 

went to the Royal Normal Collège in Upï 
Norwood as music reader, where he romain 
3^ years, teaching the piano during his li 
year. At this time he was studying und 
Fritz Hartvigson and Dr. Hoplans, choi 
singing under W. H. Cummings, and harmoi 
under H. C. Banister. After leaving tl 
Collège Mr. Ascham became Organist ar 
Choirmaster of AU Seûnts' Church, WeUingto] 
Northamptonshire, and during this perio 
frequently gave récitals at Northamptoi 
Kettering and Oundle. In 1890 he wen 
to S.A. having accepted the post o 
Music Maâter to the Girls' Collégial 
School at Port Elizabeth, which position h" 
holds at the présent day, together with th« 
Organship of Trinity, the principal church ai 
the Bay. Mr. Ascham holds the appointmeni 
of Town Organist at Port EUzabeth and ie 
doing splendid work in giving Sunday evening 
Organ Récitals at the Feather Market. He 
has written a large number of compositions, 
of which over seventeen are published. They 
include works for the piano, violin, organ and 
violoncelle, and German and English songs. 
One of his most popular compositions for the 
organ is entitled ** Slumber andRest;" of his 
songs two favourites are "Annable Lee** and 
"Ich Liebe Dich." He mcuried first, July 20, 
1885, Mcirgaret Jane Reece, a former student of 
the Royal Normal Collège, who was blind (died 
1897), and secondly Miss Alice Thompson, 
formerly of Wellingboro*. 

ASHBURNHAM, John Anchiteii, of Bloem- 
fontein, O.R.C., was bom Feb. 6, 1866. He is 
son of John Woodgate Ashbumham, belonging 
to an old Sussex family, whose ancestor, Bertram 
Ashbumham, was Constable of Dover Castle 
at the time of the conquest, emd was beheaded 
by the Conqueror immediately after his acces- 
sion. Mr. J. A. Ashbumham was educated 
at Lancing Coll., and Exeter Coll., Oxford. 
In 1888 he was appointed Secy. to the British 
Bechuanaland Administration. He was Asst. 
Conmiissioner, Bechuanaland Protectorate, 
1895-1901, Actg. Résident Comnûssioner 1901, 
and became Résident Magistrate at Bloemf ontein 
in the same year. This position he stiU holds. 
He accompanied the High Commissioner to 
the conférences between H. £. and the Près. 
of the late S.A.R. at Brignant's Pont in Mcurch, 
1890, and at Colesburg in April, 1893, and waa 
Chairman of the Land Laws Enquiry Commission, 
O.R.C., Oct., 1901. He married, June 20, 
1894, Jean, dau . of the late Rev. R. Priée. 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

ATHEBSTONE, Qttybon Pâmant, M.Inst. 
CE.» M.B.C.I., of Grahamstown (Cape Colony), 
and of the Port Elizabeth, Bloemfontein, and 
Albany (Grahamstown) Clubs ; was bom at 
Grahamstown June 20, 1843 ; is son of the late 
Hon. W. G. Atherstone, M.D., M.L.C., and 
was educated at St. Andrew's CJoll., Grahams- 
town, andEing'sColL, London,of which he is 
an AJssociate. Mr. Atherstone was employed 
as engineer to the Cape Govt. Bailways from 
July, 1873, to Dec. 31, 1896, when his services 
were transferred to the Bailway Dept. of the 
O.F.S., of which he was Chief Engineer until 
March, 1000, when this office was abolished 
€uid he was pensioned. However, he is now 
re-employed by the Cape Govt. as engineer 
in charge of the Alexandiia Surveys. 

ATHEBSTONE, W. J., of Bhodesia, was 
selected at the latter end of 1903 for the office 
of Surveyer-Gen. of S. Bhodesia in succession 
to Mr. J. M. Orpen (q.v.). 

ATKINSON, Lewis, of the African and 
Impérial Service Clubs, was bom Sept. 20, 1855, 
in London. He was educated privately, cmd 
«atered into business with a firm of dicunond 
and precious stone cutters. In 1881 the free- 
dom of the City of London was conferred upon 
him, and later he received the Livery of the 
Worshipfiil Company of Tumers. In 1886 he 
managed the Diamond Washing, Cutting, and 
Polishing Works in the Cape Court of the Colonial 
and Indieui Exhibition, and in 1889 was 
manager of the Diamond Cutting Works at the 
Glasgow Exhibition. He took charge of the 
De Beers and Cape Govt. exhibits at the Paris 
Exhibition in 1900, and was afterwards manager 
of the International Exhibition at Kimberley. 
In 1902 he was appointed Emigration Officer 
to the Cape Govt. in London. 

AVEBUBY, The Bt. Hon. Babon, Babt., 
P.C., F.B.S., D.C.L., LL.D., Camb., Edin. and 
Dubl., €«id M. D. , Wurzburg, of EQgh Elms, Down, 
Kent ; King Gâte Cctstle, Eangsgate, Thanet ; 6, 
St. James* Sq. ; and of the Athenœum, National 
Libéral, and City Libéral Clubs; bom April 
30, 1834, at 29, Eaton Place, educ. at Eton, 
represented the constituency of Maîdstone 
1870-80, and the Univ. of London in the 
Unionist interest 1880-1900. He is the 
head of the great banking house of Bobarts, 
Lubbock & Co., and was the second Près, of 
the African Society. Lord Avebury is known 
in the literary world as the author of *' The 





Scenery of Engleuad," " The Scenery of Switzer- 
land," " The Use of Life," " The Beauties of 
Nature," "The Pleasures of Life," (Parts I 
and II), " British Wild Flowers Considered in 
Belation to Inseots," " Flowers, Fruit and 
Leaves," " The Origin and Métamorphoses of 
Inseots," " On Seedlings," " Ants, Bées and 
Wetsps," " On the Sensés, Instincts,'' and In- 
telligence of AnimcJs," " Chapters in Popular 
Natural History," "Monograph on the Col- 
lembola and Thyssuiura," " Prehistoric Times," 
" The Origin of Civilization and the Primitive 
Condition of Man," " On Bepresentation," 
On Buds and Stipules," " La Vie des Plantes, 
Coins and Currency," " Scientific Lectures, 
and " Fifty Years of Science," being the 
Address delivered to the British Association 
in 1881. Many of thèse works are translated 
into foreign languages, inoluding Bussian, 
Polish, Bohemian, Estonian, Greek, Arabie, 
Hindustani, Gujerati, Mahrattee and Japanese, 
but more popularly he will be reroembered 
when he was simply Sir John Lubbock (the 
4th Bart.), as having selected the " hundred 
best books " published by Messrs. Harms- 
worth. He is also the author of over 100 
Memoirs pubUshed by the Boyal and other 
scientific societies. The German Order " Pour 
le Mérite " was conferred upon him in 1902. 
Lord Avebury has been twice married: first, 
in 1856 to Miss Hordem, dau. of the 
Bev. P. Hordem; and second, in 1881, to Miss 
Fox-Pitt-Bivers, dau. of Gen. Fox-Pitt-Bivers. 

BADENHOBST, F., M.L.A., sits in the Cape 
House of Assembly as member for Swellendcun. 
He belongs to the S.A. Party, and was l€tst 
elected in Feb., 1904. 

BADENHOBST, J. F., M.L.A., représenta 
the constituency of Biversdale in the Cape 
House of Assembly, and is a supporter of the 
Bond. He was retumed unopposed at the 
General Election in 1904. 

BAILEY, Abe, M.L.A., J.P. (Sussex), D.L. 
(City of London), Capt. Sussex Imp. YeemaAry, 
of Yewhurst, East Grinstead ; Clewer House» 
Johannesburg ; and of the Baleigh, Wellington» 
Band, Kimberley and Civil Service (C.T.) 
Clubs ; was bom in Cape Colony in 1865. He 
is only son of T. Bcûley (q.v.), was educated 
in England, and proceeded first to Baxberton 
and then to Johannesburg in the early days» 
and soon acquired large mining interests. H^ 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

was an active member of the Reform Gom- 
mittee ; was tried for high treaeon against the 
Govt. of the late S.A.R. ; was imprisoned, and 
only releafied on paym^at of the generally 
imposed fine of £2,000. 

At the commencement of the S.A. War he 
served as Intelligence Offîcer with Lord Boberts, 
and took a prominent part in the formation 
and organization of Roberts' Horse etnd the 
S.A. L^y^t Horse, largely oontributing to 
the expense of their equipment, and after- 
wards proceeded to the front with the rank of 
Major as second in command with Gorringe's 
Flying Coliimn; which he was àlso partly instru- 
mental in rcdsing. After the war (in Oct., 1902), 
he was appointed to the command of Eatchener's 
Fighting Scouts. Mr. Bailey entered the 
arena of Cape Colonial politics in 1002, when he 
was elected unopposed in the Progressive 
interest for Barkly West — ^the only constituency 
which the late Cecil Hhodes ever represented 
in the Cape Législative Assembly. He waa 
re-elected at the g^ieral élection in Feb., 1904. 
He is Whip of the Progressive Party. He is a 
keen patron of ail forms of sport ; racing in 
bpth S. Africa and England, and indulges par- 
ticularly in shooting and cricket. He was 
elected Près, of the Wanderers' Club (Johannes- 
burg) in 1902, and is a m^nber of the M.C.C. 
and many other sporting clubs. He mcurried 
Caroline, elder dau. of John Paddon, who died 
in 1902, leaving him with two children : John 
Milner (godson of Lord Milner), and Cecil 
Marguerite Sidwell (godchild of the late Cecil 

BAILEY, Amos, M.L.A., represents the con- 
stituency of Woodstock in the Progressive 
interest in the Cape House of Assembly, and 
was last elected in Feb., 1904. 

BAILEY, Thomas, of Queenstown, Cape 
Colony, was bom in the parish of Keighley, 
Yorks., Jan. 30, 1836, where he was educated. 
He went to the Cape in 1858, and settled in 
Craddock, subsequently removing to the 
Albany District, to Bailey Junction, and 
finally to Queenstown, where he establisÂied a 
large wholescde gênerai business. 

He was retumed to the Cape Législative 
Conncil as senior member of the Eastem Circle 
at the generckl élection in 1888, and was Mayor 
of Queenstown in 1887-8-9. Mr. Bailey 
married Annie, dau. of Peter McEwcuti, of 
Muthill, Crieff, Perthshire, by whom he has 
one son, Abe (q.v.) find three daughters. 

BAIN, ChabiiES Alfrkd Ouveb, of tl 
Constitutional Club, London» and of the Rai 
and New Clubs, Johannesburg, was bom t 
Port EUzabeth, Aug. 12, 1864. He is se 
of Samuel Bain, whose father, Thomas Bai 
(of the East India Co.'s Service) settled in 18fi 
at Port Elisabeth, where he wcus a prominei 
citizen and Councillor and was Mayor (twio 
and District Grand Master of the Easter 
Province Masonic Lodge. Mr. C. A. O. Bai 
was educated at Qrey Institute, P.E., and a 
Driffield Coll., Yorks. In 1886 he made ai 
attempt to open up the MUlwood Gk)ldfield 
at Knysna, but recognizing that those field 
were doomed to failure, went to the Transvaa 
in Dec., 1887, and became associated with tb 
African Estâtes group in 1894. In 1898, witl 
the intention of retiring £rom business, hn 
retumed to England, but became Chairman o: 
the Estate Finance and Mines Corporation iz 
London, finally retuming in 1893 to S.A. ai 
Managing Director of that Company in Johan- 

Mr. Bain used to be prominent in football 
and gymnastics, and was one of the founders 
of the Olympic F.C., the most important in the 
E€tstem Province. He was Près, of the Musical 
Section of the Wanderers* Club, 1888-9, and 
Acting-Pres. of the Transvaal Qame Protection 
Society. He married, Feb. 2, 1887, Jane 
Treadwell, youngest dau. of D. G. de Villiers 
of Beaufort West, C.C. 

BAINBRIDGE, John, M.L.A., F.G.S., son 
of Geo. Peacock Bainbridge, of Dutton Hall, 
Yorks., was educated at St. Peter's Gram. 
Sch., York, and at Rathbury Gram. 
Sch., Northumberland. He served in the 
Ist Batt. of the West York Rifle Volunteers, 
and shot for the Silver Medal, Queen*s Prize, 
at Wimbledon, in 1860. He went to Natal 
in 1 870 ; engaged in f arming ; was elected to a 
seat on the Législative Council in 1884, which 
he resigned four years later. He was re-elected 
in 1890, and represents the Klip River Division 
in the Natcd Assembly. 

BALE, SiB Henby, K.C.M.G. (1901), K.C. 
(1897), of Ingleside, Maritzburg ; Credgellachie, 
Hilton Road ; and the Victoria Club» Maritz- 
burg, Natal, was bom Jan. 12, 1854 ; is the son 
of W. E. Baie, J.P., formerly Mayor of Pieter- 
maritzburg, euid was educated at the High 
Sch., P.M.B., and the Gram. Sch., Exeter, 
England. Sir Henry praotised as Attomey 
at the Suprême Court of Natal from 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

1876, and as Advocate from 1878 ; was member 
of the Committee of the Ziilu War Relief Fund, 
1879 ; member of the late Council of Education, 
1886-93 ; nominee member of the Législative 
Council, 1890 ; M.L.A. for Pietermaritzburg 
City, 1893-1901. He was twice sent for to 
form a Ministry, but declined. However, he 
acted as Attomey-General and Minister of 
Education from 1879-1901. During the late 
Boer War he acted as Procurator-General, 
for which he received the thanks of the Secy. of 
State. He became Chief Justice of Natal in 
1901, and acted as Administrator of that Colony 
during the illness of the Govemor, June and 
July, 1903. Sir Henry married in 1887 EUza 
(d. 1890), dau. of W. B. Wood of Edinburgh. 

BALFOUR, Db. Andbew, M.D., CM., B.Sc. 
(PubHc Health), Edin., M.R.C.P.E., D.P.H. 
(Cctmb) ; of Khartomn, and of the Drumsheugh 
Baths Club, Edin., the Tiurf Club, Cairo, and 
the Sudan Club, Khartoum, was bom at Edin- 
burg in 1873. He is the son of T. A. G. Bal- 
four, M.D., F.R.C.P.E., etc., Curatôr of the 
Muséum of the Royal Collège of Physicians, 
Edin., who married Miss Margaret Chnstall, of 
Elgin, Morayshire. Dr. A. Baifour was 
educated at George Watson's Coll., Edin- 
burgh, Edinburgh University, and Caius Coll., 
Cambridge, grculuating M.B., CM., Edinburgh, 
1894. After practising privately and at the 
Fever Hospital, Edinburgh, where he was 
Asst. Physician, he went to Cambridge, taking 
D.P.H. in 1897, M.D. (gold medal thesis) 
1898, and B.Sc. in Public Health 1890. He 
went to S. Africa as Civil Surgeon in April of 
that year, being attached to the No. 7 General 
Hospital at Estcourt and Pretoria, and after- 
wards in charge of the British Garrison and 
Boer Laagers at Kaapsche Hoop, E. Transvaal 
(medal and clasps). He returned in April, 1 901 , and 
took his M.R.C.P.E. in 1902. In the same year he 
wasappointedDirector of Govt. Research Labora- 
tories, Gordon Mémorial Collège, Khartoum. 

Dr. Baifour collaborated in the production 
of a book on Public Health, and is the author of 
of " By Stroke of Sword," " To Arms," " Ven- 
geance is Mine,* " Cashiered ; and Other Wfiur 
Taies," and "The Golden Kingdom." He 
also wrotea warplay, '*The Camp Catch,'* which 
was produced at Estcourt and at the Empress 
Théâtre, Pretoria, for the benefit of hospitals. 
Dr. Baifour was a Scottish International Rugby' 
football player, a Ccunbridge *'Blue,*' €«id cap- 
tain ed the Watsonian XV. euid the Edinburgh 
XV. in Edinburgh against the Paris team re- 

cently. He is a good swimmer, and is fond of 
shooting. He married. Sept., 1902, Grâce, dau. 
of G. Nutter, of Sidcup, Kent. 

BARLOW, Alfred, J.P., F.R.CL, of Kelvo- 
don, Bloemfontein, and the Bloemfontein and 
Rand Clubs; 3rd son of Nathaniel Barlow, 
M.R.C.S., and grandson of Dr. Wm. Barlow, 
who raised and commanded the Writtle (Essex) 
Volimteers in 1805, was bom at Blackmore, 
near Chelmsford, Essex, Aug. 15, 1836 ; was 
educated Ongar Gram. Sch. ; went tp the 
O.F.S. in 1859, where he has resided prcUîti- 
cally evôr since. He was a Director of the 
Bloemfontein Bank from 1872 to 1887, and 
represented the town of Smithfield in the O.F.S. 
Volksraad from 1887 to 1890. He edited the 
" Friend of the Free State ** from 1866 to 1899, 
and is now Chairman of the National Bank 
of the O.R.C, Chairman of the Bloemfontein 
Board of Executors, and J.P. for the whole of 
the O.R.C. He married, April 30, 1874, Kate, 
dau. of John Brereton, of Cheshire, England. 

BARNATO, Henry Isaac, of Johannesburg a 
of 23, Upper Hamilton Terrace, London, N.W., 
and of 10 and 11, Austin Friars, London, E.C, 
is a partner in the firm of Bamato Bros., 
founded by his popular but ill-fated brother 
" Bamey ** Barnato. He is a permanent 
Director in Johannesburg of the Barnato Con- 
solidated Mines, and is on the BoÉurd of the 
Johannesburg Consolidated Investment Co.» 
Ltd. His main récréation appears to be horse- 
racing, but he has the family fondness for the 

BARNES, John Frederick Evelyn, C.M.G., 
M.Inst.C.E., M.Inst.CE.Id., F.R.CL, of Pieter- 
maritzburg, Natal, and of the Victoria Club, 
P.M B., was bom in co. Kilkenny, Jfitfu 
21, 1851. He is the son of the late F. P. Bar nés» 
CE., and of Matilda, dau. of the late Rev. Geo. 
Armstrong, of Listerlyn, co. Kilkenny, and 
was educated privately and at Trinity Coll., 
Dublin. In 1871, having completed his''^term 
of pupilage, as also his second or senior Fresh- 
man year in Trinity Coll., Dublin, heî.began 
his career as an engineer under the Coimty 
Sin-voyor of Antrim. In 1872, and for six 
years subsequently, he held the post of 
engineer and surveyor on the Irish estâtes of 
the Duke of Abercom, also practising privately. 
He engineered the Flood Protection works on 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

the Moume at Strabane, the Strabane Water- 
works, as also large sub-soil drainage and 
plantation schemes under the Public Works 
Loans Act. The land troubles of 1877-8 
caused him to tum his attention to other fields 
of labour, with the resuit that in Feb., 1880, he 
landed in Natal, passed the examination, and 
obtained the licence to practise as a Govt. Land 
Surveyorin that Colony. In 1882 Mr. Bames 
was appointed Boro' Engineer of Durban, and 
held that post for six yecurs. He C€urried out 
the Umbilo Waterworks, many town improve- 
ments, and constructed over thirty miles of 
streets and footpaths. At the Natal Exhibi- 
tion of 1883 he w€U3 awarded a silver medal 
for specialities in concrète work, and prier to 
his entering the service of the Natal Govt. the 
Corporation voted him a bonus of £500 as a 
token of appréciation of his services. In Jany., 
1888, he received the appointment of Asst. 
Colonial Engineer and Surveyor-General of 
Natal, and throughout the six years following 
he held fréquent appointments as Acting 
Colonial Engineer, with seats on the Executive 
and Législative Councils of the Colony. With 
the first responsible Govt. of Natal, Mr. Bcuues 
was entrusted with the charge of the Public 
Works Dept. That appointment he still holds 
under the title of Chief Engineer Public Works 
Dept. Throughout the late Boer Wfiur his 
dept. lent valuable assistance to the military, 
co-operating with the G.O.C. Unes of communica- 
tion, the B.E., the R.A.M.C, and other branches 
of the service. His dept. raised and super- 
vised a Pioneer Corps of Artizans for the building 
of bridges, forts, buildings, and such like ; a 
Native Labour Corps of 3,000 Kciffîrs for un- 
skilled work, and an Indian Ambulance Corps 
of 1,200 Indian coolie stretchér-bearers. For 
thèse services Mr. Barnes and the staff of his 
dept. were thanked publicly, and in despatches 
by Lord Boberts and by Gen. Buller, while, 
on the recommendation of Govemor Sir Henry 
McCullum, Gen. Hildyard, and the Natal 
Ministry, of which Col. Sir A. H. Hime was 
Premier, he received the Order of C.M.G. at 
the hands of H.R.H. the Duke of York. He 
mcurried, in 1879, Mary Sanbach, dau. of the 
late E. E. Graves. 

BARNETT, Percy Abthxjb, M.A., of 
Heatherleigh, Isleworth, Eng., Bumt Hill 
House, Bradfîeld, Beading, Eng., Maritz- 
burg. Natal ; of the Savile Club, I^ndon, and 
the Victoria Club, Mckritzburg ; was bom in 
1868, and was educated at the City of London 

Sch. and at Trinity Coll., Oxford, 
was Scholar of Trinity, 1877 ; Prof, of Eng! 
at the University Coll., Sheffîeld, ISÎ 
Principal of Isleworth Training Coll., 18S 
H.M. Inspecter of Schools, 1892 ; H.M. M 
Inspecter of Training Collèges, 1893, s 
received his présent appointment as Superi 
tendent of Education for Natal in 1903. It 
understood, however, that he hemded in 1 
résignation of this post in the sunmier of 19( 
to take effect in a year*s time, Mr. Bamc 
not being satisfied with the manner in wM 
his proposais for educational reforms we 
treated. He represents Natal on the Coum 
of the Cape University. In addition to tl: 
he has spent some time in Eg3rpt and the Suda 
organizing secondary éducation at the time th; 
Lord Milner w€U3 Financial Secy. He also assista 
in the sélection of the Ënglish teachers récent 
engaged for service in the Boer Concentratic 
Camps. Mr. Bamett edited and contribut« 
to *' TecMïhing and Organization," and is tl 
author of " Conmion Sensé in Education '^ an 
varions magazine articles and reviews. 

BABBINGTON, Hon. Rupebt Edwak 
Selboubn, of Potchefstroom, Trfmsvaal ; wa 
bom at Brackley, Dec. 10, 1875. He is soi 
of Viscount Barrington by Mcuy Isabelle 
dau. of the Bev. R. Bogne ; was educated a 
Charterhouse ; went to S.A. as a Troopea 
in the I.Y. ; received a Lieut.'s Commission 
afterwards transferring to the S.A.C., in which 
force he also holds a Commission. He married 
in 1903 Mary, dau. of Col. and the Hon. Mrs. 
Ferguson, of Pitfour. 

BARTEB, William Joseph Henry, of the 
Lydenburg Club, Tremsvaal, was bom at 
Gr£khamstown in 1865 ; is the eldest son of the 
late W. H. Barter, of Cork, Ireland, formerly 
High SheriS of the Eastern District Court etnd 
Native Commissioner of the Lydenburg Dist. 
(1880). Mr. W. J. H. Barter was on the 
Lydenburg goldfields in 1874, and one of the 
pioneers of the De Kaap. There he was elected 
seven years in succession as member of the 
North De Kaap Diggers' Conmiittee, and 
interested himself in the politics of his adopted 
country, supporting such local progressive 
représentatives as the late Jan Celliers, R. K. 
Loveday, euid Frank Watkins as membera 
for De Kaap. He was Chairmcm of Gen. 
Joubert's élection committee on two occasions, 
and at the last Presidential élection worked for 
Mr. Schalk Burger. He was also one of the 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

Vioe-Presidonts of the De Kaa;p Agricultural 
800. In Lydenburg, later, he waa member of 
^e Health Board, HoBpital Board, and Treasnrer 
of the Lydenburg Agricultural Soc. Wh«a 
war broke out he was one of the delesates 
elected to go to FaardekracJ to oppose the war 
talk *' ; but Botha appointed him Military Corn- 
missioner of the S.aIR. He was aiso Treasurer 
of the State Mint which coined the Z.A.B. 
*'Een Pond» 1902,*' and was deputed by the 
Boer Gen. to protect the Lydenburg Mines. 
TJpon peaoe being proclaimed, he resumed his 
busmess in Lydenburg, serving alao on the 
Bailway Committee* the Lydenburg Agriculturckl 
Soc, and other bodies. Mr. Barter married in 
1887 Miss H. H. C. Paskin, dau. of the late 
J. J. Paskin, of Wildemere» Verulam. 

BARTON, FoLMOTT Cyril Montoomebt, of 
the Boyal Colonial Institute and the United 
Sporting Club, was bom June 4, 1875, at Gra- 
hamstown, S. Africa, and is of Irish pcurentage. 
He was eduoated at St. Paul's Sch., Lond., 
and was appointed Clerk in the Colonial Audit 
Branch of the Exchequer and Audit Dept., 
Lond., in 1805 ; Assist. Local Auditor Briti^h 
Centrcd Africa Protectorate in 1889, and in 
June of the same year he became Acting Loced 
Auditor, remaining so until June, 1900. On 
Sept. 12, 1903, he was c^pointed Ist Class Clerk, 
Audit Office, in the Financial Civil Service. 

BAYLY, Coii. HoN. L. S., M.L.C., is member 
of the Ce^e Législative Council for the Eastem 
Oircle, having been last re-elected in 1904. 

BAYNES, Joseph, C.M.G. (1902), M.L.A., 
J.P., of NeFs Rust, ne8ir Meuritzburg, Natal, and 
the Victoria Club, P.M.B., is the son of the late 
Richard Baynes, and was bom at Austwick, 
near Settle, Yorks., on March 2, 1842. He 
arrived in Natal in 1850, and commenced 
farming on Lawkland, near York, cuid since 
1862 has farmed at NeFs Rust. He has acted 
as a member of several Govt. Commissions ; 
has been a member of the Indian Lnmigration 
Board since 1887, and was Chairman in 1891-2 , 
is JJ*. for the County of Pietermcuritzburg ; 
Près, of the Richmond Agricultural Soc. ; 
member of the Législative Council for the Ixopo 
Division 1890-3, when under the new constitu- 
tion he was elected to the House of Assembly. 
He is a sound protectionist, and has worked 
hard for the agricultured and industrial develop- 
ment of Natal. He strongly supported the 
movement in the Assembly in 1897 which led 

to the Customs Convention between the Cape 
Colony, Orange Free State and Natal ; he moved 
ako in that House the resolution approving 
and supporting the action of the Impenal Govt. 
in its endeavours to obtain equal rights for ail 
oivilized people in S.A. He isMinister of Lands 
and Works in the présent Natal Ministry. 
He married : first, in 1874, Maria H., 2nd dau. 
of Paul Hermanus Zietsman, J.P. ; euid 2nd, 
in 1878, Sarah A., elder dau. of Ed. Tomlin- 
son, who was four times Mayor of Maritzburg. 

BAYNES, William, M.L.A., J.P., of Settle, 
near Pietermaritzburg ; Glen Dushie, P.M.B., 
316, Longmarket St., P.M.B., and the Victoria 
Club, P.M.B., was bom at Austwick, Yorks, 
May 22, 1840. He is son of the late Richard 
Baynes, of Settle and NeFs Rust, Natal ; was 
educated at Lancaster and Giggleswick Gram. 
Schools, and settled in Natal as a farmer 
in 1860. He was twice elected to the Législa- 
tive Council as member for Lion's River Divi- 
sion (1890-1893) as an opponent of Responsible 
Government, but on this being granted to the 
Colony he was elected to represent ITmgeni in 
the Natal House of Assembly. Mr. Baynes 
mcurried, Aug. 2, {1870, Ellen, third dau. of 
Rich€urd Stone, of Faversham, Kent. 

BEAL, Col. Robebt ; served as a sergecuit in 
the B.B.P., and in Sir Chaâ. Warren*s expédi- 
tion. He subsequently held a commission 
with the M£tshonaland Pioneers, served in the 
Matabele War of 1893, and in the rébellion of 
1896 he commeuided the SeJisbury - Gwelo 
column for the relief of Bulawayo, and did good 
service at the a.ction at the XJmgusa, cJso in 
repairing telegraph Unes, with patrols, and 
afterwards as transport officer on the Umtali- 
Beira road. 

BEAXJFORT, Judge ; was f ormerly Govemor 
and Commander-in-Chief of the Colony of 
Labuan emd the State of North Bomeo, 1895- 
1900. He is now in charge of the High Court 
of North-Eastem Rhodesia established at Fort 

BEAUMONT, Hon. William Henby, of 10, 
Burgher St., Maritzburg, Natal, and the Victoria 
Club, Maritzburg, was bom in India, Feb. 24, 
1851 ; is the son of the late Lient. -Col. W. 
Beaumont, of the 23rd Madras Light Infantry ; 
was educated at Sherbome and Sandhurst, 
Gmd joined the 75th (Stirlingshire) Regt. as Ensign 
in Aug. 1870 ; Lieut. 1870, and retSred in Aug. 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

1875. Ho become Private Secy. to Lieut.- 
Qovemor Sir Benjamin Fine, and Cieirk to the 
Executive GouncO of Natal in 1873 ; acting 
R.M. XJmlazi Divn., 1874 ; Govemor's Clerk 
and Clerk to the EIxecutive Council, Oct., 1875 ; 
Mcbgistrate, 1878 ; Acting Puisne Judge of the 
Suprême Court for varions p^ods from Feb. 
1895, to Oct. 1902 ; Judge of the Spécial Treason 
Court» Oct. 1901 ; and received his présent 
appointment as Piiisne Judge of the Suprême 
Court of Natal, Nov. 1, 1902. 

Judge Beaumont served on the Lcmgcdi- 
bcJele Expédition, 1873 ; was Colonial Com- 
mandant of No. 1 District, Natal, at the com- 
mencement of the ZtiIu War, Jcoi. 1879, when 
he raised native levies for the defence of the 
border, etnd a troop of mounted natives called 
the " Newcastle Scouts " (medal). He àlso 
served as Commandant of the Fietermaritzburg 
Town Quard during the late Boer War. He 
has always been an enthusiastio i^)ortsman, 
and has during the last f ew years been Capt. 
of the Maritzburg Golf Club. He was married, 

1876, to Alice, dau. of the late Hon. John 
Millar, M.L.C., of Durban. 

BECK, Db. Johannes Hendricus Mehono, 
M.L.A., has represented the électoral division 
of Worcester in the Cape Législative Assembly 
for some yecurs. He is a member of the Bond, 
and was last retumed unopposed at the General 
Election in 1904. 

BEHR, H. C, Consulting Mechanical Engi- 
neer to the Consolidated Goldfields of S.A. He 
was the fîrst winner of the gold medal and pre- 
mium of 50 guinects for the best paper contri- 
buted on Deep Level Mining questions to the 
Institution of Mining and Metallurgy. His 
subject was " Winding Plants for Great Depths." 

BEIT, Alfred, of 26, Park Lane, W., of 
Jewin Water, necu* Welwyn, Herts, and of 
London Wall Buildings, E.C., was bom in 
Hamburg in 1853, and after receiving a sound 
commercial éducation, went with a few thou- 
sand pounds to Kimberley, where the great 
firm of Wemher, Beit & Co. was originally 
f ounded. But the disoovery of the Rand Gold- 
fields greatly increased the sphère of the firm's 
opérations. Already exercising the greatest 
influence over the destinies of the De Beers 
Mines, of which he is a Ufe govemor, Mr. Beit 
Boon began to acquire the control of a large 
proportion of the pick of the Rand outcrop 
daims, supplementing thèse holdings with a 

more or less continuons Une of deep level daî 
€tlong Ûie main reef séries, which were ao 
merged in the huge mining corporation kâo> 
as the Rand Mines, Limited, of which B 
Beit is a Johannesburg director, with a se 
on the London Committee. To mention t 
other mining undertakings which come entire 
or partly under the œgis of Mr. Beit's fir 
would be to name some thirty or forty of tl 
most prospérons and best managed of the Rat 
properties, although of thèse, in addition to tl 
Rand Mines, Ltd., he only figures on the Boeux 
of the Robinson Coy., and the " H.F." C03 
He is also a director of the Consolidated Co 
Bultfontein mine. 

But Mr. Beit*s interests are not limited t 
gold and diamonds. From the inception of th 
Chartered Co. he has been one of its most activ 
directors, aad a strong supporter of Mr. Rhodei 
in his policy of Impérial, territorial, aad railwai 
expansion. His eamest désire to ccury oui 
the partly completed projects bequeathed te 
him by his friend aad colleague, led him to makc 
an extended tour through Rhodesia in the 
autumn of 1902, the immédiate effect of which 
was the removal of the more pressing hind- 
rances to the prosperity of its colonists, more 
especially those which affected the working 
élément. The old faulty mininglaw was to be 
amended ; the 50 per cent, clause to be reduced 
to 30 per cent. ; diamond prospecting to be 
allowed ; post and telegraph rates to be reduced ; 
department for native affairs and agriculture 
to be instituted, etnd railway construction to 
be pushed on. 

A man with such responsibilities and interests 
needs to be something more thetn a financial 
genius, and perhaps one of his most fortunate 
attributes is his perspicuity in judging character 
and associating himseif with the right people. 
Thus it is safe to say that no other fimi contains 
such a combination of men of brains and finan- 
cial probity as the firm of Wemher, Beit & Co. 
€md the aJlied firm of H. Eckstein & Co., who 
a^t as their Transvaal représentatives, and 
between them they are perhaps second only to 
the house of Rothschild in the magnitude of 
their opérations and the amplitude of their 
finemcial resources. Mr. Beit's firm is of course 
not free from those attacks which are periodi- 
C€dly directed against the great financial houses. 
In the case of the libel uttered by Mr. A. B. 
Markham, M.P. (q.v.)> which was so unre- 
reservedly withdrawn, it is characteristic of the 
firm that they abstained from asking for the 
costs in the case. 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

Mr. Beit himself is reserved and soxnewhat 
délicate» as most men are who develop their 
intellectucd strength at the expenso of their 
physical force. Neverthelees, he has an extra- 
ordînary capacity for haxd work, and while he 
commonly calculâtes in millions he has that 
grasp of détail which ensures bis schemes being 
sucoessfully oarried through. Although Ger- 
man by birth, he is a naturalized Englishmeui, 
and apart f rom the huge tract of country which 
he has helped to bring under the British âag, 
he has large ide£is on such questions of national 
importance as technical éducation, to advance 
which his firm has contributed in princely 

During the late S.A. Wcur he was a 
munificent supporter of the I.L.H., and it wa^ 
owing to his generous fînancial aid that the 
régiment was, after the relief of Ladysmith,, 
re-horsed in time for it to take part in the relief 
of Mafeking. 

Bramfontein Forest, Parktown, near Johan- 
nesburg, consisting of about 200 acres of free- 
hold ground, was recently presented to the 
Johannesburg Town CouncU by Messrs. Wem- 
her, Beit & Ce. and Mr. Max Michaelis (a 
former partner in the firm) for the purposes of 
a public park, which will be known as the 
Hermann Eckstein Park. Mr. Beit has a fine 
collection of pictures, and meûntains a racing 
stable in Germany. 

BELFIELD, Col. Hebbebt Evebsley, C.B., 
D.S.O., of Aldershot, and the Junior United 
Service Club, was bom at Dover Sept. 26, 1857 ; 
is son of Capt. W. Belfield, J.P., and was 
educated at Wellington Coll., passing into the 
Army in 1876, rising to the substantive rank of 
Col. on Dec. 18, 1899. After serving as Brig.- 
Maj. and D.A.A.G. at Aldershot, he was on 
spécial service in Ashanti in 1896-6 an C.S.O., 
being honourably mentioned and receiving the 
Brev. of Lieut.-Col. and the Star. In the late 
S.A. War he acted as A.A.G., S.A., from 
Dec. 1899, until Jan. 1902, when he became 
Inspector-Gen. of I.Y. in S.A., taking part in 
the opérations in the O.K.C., Transvaal, and 
later in the Cape Colony, including the actions 
at Venterskroon, Lindley, and Rhenoster River. 
He was twice mentioned in despatches ; re- 
ceived the King's medal with two clasps, and 
was decorated with the C.B. and D.S.O. Col. 
Belfield was appointed A.A.G. of the Ist 
Army Corps at Aldershot Dec. 11, 1902. He 
married Ist, in 1887, Emily Mary, dau. of the 
Rt. Rev. Hibbert Binney, Bishop of Nova 

Scotia ; and 2nd, in 1888, Evelyn Mary, dau. 
of Albon Taylor, of Bcu*nes. 

BELL, LiETTT.-CoL. John William, CM G., 
J.P., M.R.C.I., of Pretoria, Transvaal, and of 
the Impérial Service and Pretoria Clubs ; is 
the son of William Bell, of Dumfries, Scot- 
land, late of Grfihamstown, Cape Colony, Advo- 
cate and M.L.A. He was bom at Edinburgh 
1848, and was educated at the High Sch.» 
Edin. Col. Bell originally practised as a 
soliciter at Queenstown, Cape Colony, €uid is 
now Meister of the Suprême Court of the Trans- 
vaal. He has been a member of the Queens- 
town Rifle Volunteers since the formation of 
the corps in 1873, and was in command from 
1881 to 1901. He holds the S.A. War. 
medal (1877-78), and was granted the Long 
Service medal 1898. He holds the Volunteer 
Officers' Décoration, and was decorated for 
services in the South African campaign 1899- 
1901. He married in 1873 Eliza Jane Brad- 
field, 4th dau. of Edward Mortimer Turvey. 

BELL, William Hen-ry Somerset, of Johan- 
nesburg, and the Rand, Pretoria, Grskhamstown 
and Aibany (Grahamstown) Clubs, was bom 
near Fort Beaufort, Eastem Province, Aug. 1, 
1866. He is second son of Col. Charles Bell, 
and grandson of Geo. Jarvis, soliciter, of 
Grahamstown. He w£ks educated at Douglas, 
Isle of Man, and at St. Andrew' s Coll., Grahams- 
town, At the eeurlj âge of fourteen he, in con- 
junction with an elder brother, aged 16, printed 
€md pubUshed a small weekly newspaper called 
the " Kariega News," which ran for a year, 
much of the plant being made by thèse two 
boys. In 1877 Mr. W. H. S. Bell served with 
the Aibany Mounted Volxinteers in the Galeka 
Campaign. He was admitted as an Attomey 
of the Suprême Court, Cape Colony, in 1879, 
and a Notary of the same Court in 1878. In 
1884 he founded cmd became éditer of the 
" Cape Law Journal," of which he continued 
éditer until 1896, when he went to England on 
account of ill-health ; he resumed the editor- 
ship in the beginning of 1900, and still continues 
to occupy that position. He was a member of 
the Reform Conmiittee in Dec., 1896 ; was 
arrested for high treason against the S.A.R. on 
Jan. 9, 1896, and lodged in the Pretoria geiol 
with some 63 other Reformers ; was tried in 
April, 1896, and with 69 others was convicted 
of the miner offence of Lœsœ majeatatis, suid 
sentenced to two years* imprîsonment, £2,000 
fine» and three years* bcmishment. Aiter 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

serving about one month's imprisonment his 
sentence wae conunuted to a fine of £2,000. 
Towards the end of 1896 he gave up business 
in Johannesburg, and went to England for rest 
and change. In 1898 he became Chairman of 
the Estate Finance and Mines Corporation, 
Ld., in London, which position he resigned at 
the end of 1899, and went back to S.A., and 
devoted himself to improving the ** Cape Law 
Journal," and also compUed his *' Digest of the 
Cape Law Journal," a work of about 600 pages, 
published 1901. In that yecur he altered the 
name of the " Cape Law Journal " to the 
"South African Law Journal," and in June of 
the same year he resumed in Johannesburg his 
practice as a soUcitor. He joined the Rand 
Rifles, and was a captain in the force at the 
time it was disbanded. In 1902 he, in conjunc- 
tion with Mr. Manfred Nathan, LL.D., com- 
piled and published the '" Légal Handbook of 
British South Africa" (about 750 pp.). He 
was one of the représentatives of the O.R.C. 
in the Inter-Colonial conférence on the Com- 
panies' Law. 

He was a raember of the firm of Ayliff, Bell 
& Hutton, and later of Bell & Hutton, in 
Grahamstown ; of Caldicott & Bell, in Eam- 
berley ; of BeU & Mullins, in Johannesburg ; 
and since 1901 he has been a member of the 
firm of Bell & Tancred, of Johannesburg. He 
has been a member of the Council of the Incor- 
porated Law Society of the Treuisvaal for many 
years ; he is also a member of the Council of the 
Incorporated Law Society of the Cape Colony. 
He is a director on several companies, and Chair- 
man of the African BookCo., Ltd. He married 
Aug. 3, 1880, Charlotte Elizabeth, dau. of the 
late Geo. Wood, junr., of Grahamstown. 

BELLAIRS, Capt. Nobman Edwabd Breton, 
R.A., of the United Service Club, London, was 
bom Nov. 12, 1869, at Gibraltar. He is son of 
Lient. -Gen. Sir WiUiam Bôllairs (q.v.) ; was 
educated at Clifton Coll. ; served in the 
S.A. W€vr 1901-2, commanding the R.G.A. 
in the O.R.C. towards the end of the war. He 
subsequently was appointed Adjt. of the Cape 
Garrison Artillery. 

BELLAIRS, Lutcft.-Gen. Snt William, 
K.C.M.G., C.B., Knight of the Légion of Honour, 
and Order of the Medjidie, of Clevedon, ^omer- 
setshire, and of the National Libéral Club, was 
bom Aug^t 28, 1828, at Honfleur. He is de- 
scended from the ancient fcunily of de Bêler, 
Béliers, or Bellars (as formerly variously spelt). 

of Melton Mowbray, and Kirby Bellars, Leioee 
shire, in which churches are stiU to be 8 
effigies of his ancestors. He is a son of 
WilUam Bellairs (d. 1863). a distinguial 
officer of the 15th Kong' s Hussars, who e 
much service during the Peninsula and Wat 
loo, and was afterwards Exon of the Yeont 
of the Guard at the Court of Queen Victoi 
Sir William was educated privately, and entei 
the army in 1846, retiring as a Lient. -Qen. 
1887. As Adjt. of the 49th (no\^ the Roi 
Berkshire) Regt., he was présent at the bat 
of the Aima ; as Capt. at the Inkerman coi 
bat of the 26th October, and at the battle 
Inkerman, where he led a charge with only thr< 
attenuated companies, which overthrew an 
dispersed a strong Russian column — an episo< 
related in Eonglake's brilliant pages. Late 
when on the Q.M.-Gen.'8 staff, he was preseï 
at the attacks on the Redan and fall of Sebast 
pol, being then rewarded with a brevet majorit; 
French and Turkish honours, medals and clasp 
He was one of the comparative few (about 10( 
combatants who fought through the Crime 
from first to last. He subsequently served o 
the staff of the Adjutant and Q.M.-Gen.' 
departments in the West Indies, Ireland, Gibral 
tar and South Africa ; throughout the Kafi 
and Zulu csunpaigns (S. African medal, 1877-S 
and distingushed service reward). Then, a 
Brig.-G^n. conmaanding the troops which suc 
cessfully defended their seven isolated posts h 
the Transvaal— Pretoria, Potchefstroom, Rust 
enburg, Marabastaal, Lydenburg, Standerton 
and Wakkerstroom — surrounded as they were 
for three months, by greater Boer forces. Sii 
WiUiam has likewise acted in varions civil 
capacities — as Inspector-Gen. of Police, Bar- 
bados, 1867 ; Local Inspecter of Army Schools, 
Gibraltar, 1868-73; Col. Secretary, Gibraltar, 
1872 ; Administrator, Natal, 1880 ; Member of 
Executive Council, Transvaal, 1880-1 ; €uid 
Administrator, Transvaal, 1881, after the war. 

Sir William wrote the " Transvaal War, 
1880-1," published in 1885 (Blackwood). In 
1902 the King selected him for the Colonelcy of 
the Sherwood Foresters (Nottinghamshire and 
Derbyshire Regt.). Sir William was married: 
first, in 1857, to Emily Craven, daughter of 
Wm. Barton Gibbons, J.P., ajxd second, in 1867, 
to Blanch St. John, daughter of F. A. Mosch- 
zisker, Ph. D. Sir William' s eldest son, 
William G. Bellairs (q-v.) is a C.C. and B.M. 
in the Cape Colony. He ha^ another son, Capt. 
N. E. B. Bellairs, R.A., attached to the Cape 
Artillery, and a daughter married to Sir David 

Anclo-African Who's Who. 

BELLAiRS, WiLUAH O-, eldest son of IJeut.- 
Oeu. Sir Wm. BeUaira (q.v.) ; is C.C. uid 
R.M. in the Cape Colony. He married in 1901 
to Augusta ChiAppini. dau. of a former merober 
of the Cape Législative AsBembly. 

. BELLINGHAM, Hon. Païupca Solouon, 
H.L.C., was bom in 1S34 at Ultenhoge, which 
be repreaented for many yeara on the Diviaional 
CoiincU. He was an offico-bearer in the D.R. 
ChuTch, and ci prominent Bond leader in his 
division. He was retumed at the head of the 
poU in 1891 for the South-Eastem Province 
in the Cape Législative Council. Mr. Bslling- 
ham Htîll represeiits thia division. 

BELLI8, l^ouAa K-, of Croydon, Surrey. 
was bom in Liverpool in 1841, and çducated at 
the Liverpool Coll. At the early âge of Sfteen 
he entered the Liverpool office of MeasrB. Forbes, 
Forbea A Co., Eaat India merchants of London. 
Mr. Bellis shortly afterwarda came to London, 
nhero he entered seriously upon a buaîuesa 
career. For eighteen yetu^ he remained nith 
a well knonn fina then doing an important West 
Indian trade, and rose from the loweBt pOBitiiin 
tothatot manager. On the dissolution of the firm 
in the Weat lodia trade, be atarted for himself 
in 1874, and foraeeing the great future nf the 
turtle trade, he kept it well before hiro in the 
midat of hia other undertakint^a. To a man of 
bis enterpriaing character and business capocity 
a, scheme for the importation of the lii'ing tuùm^ 
upon ft scale never before attempted, was no 
Booner thougbt of than he made extensivo 
arrangementa to carry it out. Mr. Bellis has 
earned the sobriquet o£ " Turtle King." That 
title is beyond dispute, for throughout the 
length and breadth of the land there is not 
another merohant dealing on the same colossal 
scale, as a visit to the présent offices in Bury 
Street, St. Mary Axe. will quickly prove. Every 
fortnight the West India Royal Mail bringa a 
Bupply, dealers througbout the coiintry looking 
to Mr. Bellia for the fulSlment of their orders. 
Not onlj' ÏB he acltnowledged asthehead of the 
business in England, but his famé ia eqnally 
recognized throughout Europe, and he contrôla 
the achooners which catch the turtles from 
amongst the coral islands in the Heiican Gulf. 
\nth the energy and enterpriae characteristic 
to him, Mr. Bellis bas not limited his effort; 

to one brandi of trade. He is oow toking m 
keenly active part in opening a trade witb 
Tarkwa, on the Oold Coaat, and the resulls up 
to the firesent time bave amply justiBed his 
foremght. He haa also for the paat seventoen 
years been engaged in importing Turkish leaf 
tobooco, at first only on a small saale, but it 
haa developed very conaiderably, «nd is now 
quite an important business. He is pro- 
moter and director of the Tarkwa Glold Cosst 
Trading Co.^now a succesaful oompany. Hia 
name ia alao well known in connection with 
the exploitation of Uie Welsbach Incandeeconl 
Light. Many other minor inventions were 
also brought out by him, including the Fleuss 
Tubelese Tyre, the original syndicale proving a 
great success, as nas the case with ail the ven- 
tures to which he haa lent his name and given 
his oonaideration. Mr. BeUis bas remded for 
many years in Cioydon, and bas taken an active 
part in the local lïFe of the towo, but has never 
been perauaded to accept public office in Croydon 
or elsewhere. 

BBNT. Mua. Mabei, Vihgiiha Anna, of 13, 
Great Cumberland Place, W., and of the Ladies' 
E!mpire Club, is a danghter of Robert Weetley 
Hall-Dare, D.L., of Theydon Bois, W^nning- 
ton Hall, Essex, and Newtownbarry Houae, 
co. Wexford. She waa married Aug. 2, 1877, 
to the lato Théodore Bent, of Buldon House, 
Yorks. Mra. Bent accompanied her huaband 
in ail his explorations, and took part in the 
excavations with which he was asaociatef in 
the Greek and Turkiab lalands, Asia DÉnor, 
Abysainia, the Great Zimbabye (Mashonaland), 
Persia, ond etsewhere. She is the authoréss ol 
* ' Southern Arabia, Soudan, ond Sokotra," compil- 
ed fiom her own and Mr. Théodore Bent's notes. 

BERRINGTON, Evei.yn Dei^ahat, A.I.M.M., 
F.R.C,I„ F.S.A., ia the aon of A. D. Berring- 
ton, late Secretary of Fisheriea. He was bom 
Maroh 6, 1861, at Pant-y-goitre, near Atifrge^- 
venny, and waa educated at CUfton Coll. 
and Geneva Univ. Mr. Berringlon haa been 
conected with gold mining aince 1882 in vadous 
parts of the world. He was ia Vmezuela 
1882-3, in Florida, U.S.A., 1884^6, and in 
Johannesburg 1887-8. He joined the pioneet 
force ïnto Maahonaland in 1890, ond was in 
Johannesburg and Matabeleland from 1894 to 
1 899. He acted as manager to the Lomagunda 
Reefs, Ltd., and the Ayrahire Mine in Mashona- 
land from 1899 to 1903. He married, June 2, 
1894, Miss Eleonor A. Witterton. 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

BERRY, HoN. SiB Wiluam Bisset, Knt., 
M.L.A., M. A., M.D., of Speaker's Chambers, 
Parliament House, Cape Town ; Ebden Street, 
Queenstown, and the Civil Service Club (C.T.) ; 
was bom at Aberdeen, Scotland, 1839. He 
had a public school and university éducation, 
and foUowed the médical profession from 18^ 
for many years at Queenstown, Cape Colony, 
which he was elected to represent in the Cape 
Parliament in 1893, being last re-eleotedat the 
gênerai élection in 1904. In politics he is an 
ardent Libéral, an occasdonal speaker, and is 
identified with every movement for the better- 
ment of the people. He has been Speaker of 
the Cape House of Assembly since I89S, and is 
on the Council of the Cape University. 

âe has contributed largely to the médical 
press, and mcuried, in 1864, a dau. of Wm. 

BESTER, A. J., of Bethlehem, O.R.C., was 
formerly a member of the Orange Free State 

BIGHAM, Wiluam R., of White City, 
Morris County, Kansas, U.S. A., the U.S. Con- 
sulate-General, Cape Town, and the City Club, 
Cape Town, was bom at Hamilton, Ohio, U.S. A., 
April 12, 1841 ; is of Scotch origin on both his 
father's and mother's side, and was educated 
at Hamilton, Ohio. He acted as Mayor of the 
city of El Porso, 111., for three terms ; com- 
pleted three years and three months in the 4th 
Regt. of m. Cavalry ; served as représentative 
for the 60th district of Elansas two terms; 
Alderman in the city of White City two terms ; 
and was on the Education Board of that city 
for a sinûlcLr period ; was a director of Badger 
Lumber, Kans€bs City, Mo., for eleven yecurs. In 
the ye€tr, 1887-8 he travelled in S. Americ€^ 
Europe and the U.K., and was appointed U.S. 
Consul-General in Cape Town in Aug. 1901, by 
Près. McKinley. 

Mr. Bigham has the Ma.sonic Orders Blue 
Lodge, Chapter, Comandry and Schrine; also 
the Grand Army of the Republic and the Ancient 
Order of United Workmen, the latter being an 
insurance order. He married Miss Elizabeth 
H. Bingham, Sept. 1, 1868. 

BINNS, Henbt ; went to Natal in 1858, 
and engaged in plaînting. He was a nominee 
member of the NatcJ Council in 1879, cund was 
elected to the Assembly in 1883. Was Chair- 
man of the Indian Immigration Trust Board, 
and Delegate to the Bloemfontein Conférence 
in 1889. 

BIRCHALL, Chables, of Liverpool; n 
bom in 1842, and entered the service of t 
London and North-Westem Railway Compai 
at a very early âge» and the business traudi 
he recMved in the few years he remained wî 
that concem stood him in such good stead th 
the intricacies of conunercial life thereafti 
ceune extremely easy. At the end of tweni 
years' f aithful work in the service of the f ound 
of the ** Journal of Commerce," he became soî 
proprietor of this well-known orgcui. 

In a quiet and unobtrusive way he has don 
a great deal towards the improvement of Sout 
and West Africa, for as proprietor of the lAven 
pool and Manchester " Journal of Commerce ' 
and Chairman of the company which owns th 
" Financier and BuUionist," ail the weight c 
his influence has for many years -past beei 
exerted in the direction of promoting a bettei 
knowledge of the Dark Continent on the pari 
of Englishmen, and a greater development ol 
the vsust resources of AMca by the aid of Britisli 
capital. At a time when Western Africa was a 
terra incognita to the vast mass of the people oi 
this country, the newspapers which Mx. Birch- 
all so ably controls in the North of England 
loudly proclaimed its great possibilities, and 
boldly €uiked for railways, better govemment, 
and more gênerai récognition, an advoccKîy 
which can claim to hâve been the chief means 
of the wonderful latter-day development of 
such places as Ashanti and the Gold Coast. As 
one of the principal personages who r^gulate 
the policy of the *' Financier and Bullionist," 
both South and West AMca hâve to thcmk him 
for the uncompromising and unflinching manner 
in which the interests of that country hâve 
always been placed bef ore the public, wMlst his 
belief in the future of Africa htis ever been 
very practically demonstrated by the posses- 
sion of large fînancial interests in many of the 
concems at présent engaged in gold production 
and gênerai development. Mr. Birchall is 
one of the most populcir and influential men 
in the city of Liverpool, where, besides pro- 
ducing the " Journal of Commerce," he con- 
ducts a large advertising and printing business. 
The whole of his commercial career has been 
Uved in the great city on the Mersey, and a 
nearly equally long residential connection with 
the Wirral Peninsula on the other side of the 
river htis led to his taking quite a number of 
pubUc duties, including that of County Council- 
lor for Cheshire, €uid Chairman of the School 
Attendance Committee of the local School 
Board. Perhaps Mr. BirchcJl's future repu- 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

tation rests more on his philanthropie work 
than on anything else, for in establishing the 
famous Christmeis " hot-pots " at Liverpool, 
he haâ founded a benevolent scheme whose 
famé has travelled ail over the world. In 
almost every plan for helping the poor and the 
needy in Liverpool and in Wirral he takes the 
keenest interest, and on the School Bocird and 
the County Council, with which he has been so 
long associated, there is no harder worker. 

BIRDWOOD, Hebbert Mills, C.S.I. (1893), 
J.P. for Middlesex, Barrister-at-Law, of Dalkeith 
House, Cambridge Park, Twickenham ; the 
National Libéral, Mid-Surrey Golf, and varions 
Indian Clubs, was born at Belgaum, Bombay 
Presidency, May 29, 1837, and is son of the 
late Gren. Christopher Birdwood, Bombay 
Army. He was educated at Plymouth New 
Gram. Sch., Momit Radford Sch., Edin. 
University, and Peterhouse, Camb., where he 
took his M.A. and LL.D. He is also Hon. 
Fellow of Peterhouse. He entered the Indian 
Civil Service (Bombay Establishment) Dec. 26, 
1858 ; retired April 24, 1897 ; held office as 
Asst. Collecter and Magistrate, 1859-62 ; Asst. 
Judge, 1862-3 ; Under-Secy. to the Bombay 
Govt., 1863-6 ; Political Assistant in Kattir- 
awad, 1866-7 ; Registrar of the High Court, 
Bombay, 1867-71 ; District Judge and Sessions 
Judge in varions districts, 1871-80 ; Judicial 
Commissioner in Sind and Judge of the Sadar 
Court,'1fl 881-86 ; Judge of the High Court, 
Bombay, 1885-92 ; Vice-Chance llor of the 
Bombay University, 1891-2 ; and Member of 
the Executive Council of the Govemor of Bom- 
bay, 1892-97, during which period he was 
appointed Acting-Govemor of Bombay, Feb. 
17, 1895. 

Mr. Birdwood is a Commissioner of Rich- 
mond Bridge, a Member of the Twickenham 
TJrban Dist. Council, and a director of a few 
Rhodesian compcuiies. He edited certain vols, 
of the Laws and Régulations in force in the 
Bombay Presidency, and is the author of 
varions papers €UQd articles on subjects con- 
nected with Indian administration and Indian 
Botany. He married, Jan. 29, 1861, Edith 
Hsuian Sidonie, dau. of the late Surgeon-Maj. 
Elijah Impey, Bombay Army, some time P.M.G. 
of Bombay. 

Transvaal, was born in Pietermaritzburg in 
1863. In 1876 he was selected by the Trans- 
5raal Govt. to aocompany G. M. Rudolph and | 

G. van Staden on the last mission to Cetewayo. 
He acted as Seoy. to C. Joubert and Rudolph on 
the visit to Swazieland to crown Umbandine 
as king in 1876. He joined the opposition 
during the cuinexation of the Transvaal, and 
fought at Laing's Nek in the War of Inde- 
pendenoe. In 1884 he trekked to Zululand. 
He assisted in establishing the New Republic, 
ajid was chairman of its Volksraad of twelve 
till shortly before its incorporation with the 
Transvaal. He was elected in 1890 to represent 
Vryheid in the First Volksraad, of which hé 
W61S one of the most progressive members, and 
a worthy colleague of the late Gen. Lucas 
Meyer whom he greatly admired. 

BIRT, HowABD Hawkins, of Bloemfontein, 
waa born at London, Aug. 17, 1875, and is the 
descendant of an old Baptist f€imily. He was 
educated at Devizes, Wilts., and lost no time 
in tuming his talents in the direction of journal- 
ism. For some years connected with the London 
Press, heisnowed. of the " Bloemfontein Post." 
He has also published varions short stories, 
articles, and pamphlets, mainly, in connection 
with criminal identification, the work of the 
London Police, and the investigations of the 
Theosophical Society. He married, in 1897, 
Emily, dau. of H. Becker^ of London. 

BLACK, Stephen Cope, of Johannesburg, 
€uid the Rand Club, is descended on the patemaJ 
side from a Scottish family who settled early 
in the 19th century in the Cape, where Mr. 
S. C, Black was born. He left the Western 
Province in 1889, attracted by the prospects 
of the R€tnd, where he has resided ever since. 
He is a member of the Johannesburg Stock 
Exchange ; an executive mem. of the Chamber 
of Mines, and director of the Henry Nourse, 
New Modderfontein, Jumpers, Wolhuter, and 
other mining €tnd industrial companies, besides 
being joint manager in S.A. of the T^ransvaal 
Gold Fields, Ltd. 

BLACKBEARD, Chables Alexander, J.P., 
of Posnô Street, Beaconsfield, Cape Colony, 
and of the Kimberley Club, was born at Gra- 
hamstown, Dec. 19, 1848, his grandparents 
having settled in the Colony in 1820. He is an 
old résident on the Diamond Fields, has for 
many years taken a prominent interest in the 
municipal affairs of Beaconsfield, for which 
town he was several times elected Mayor. He 
was re-elected in 1902. He is also Chairman 
of the local Public School ; the local brctnch of 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

the S.A. League; and of the Kroonstad Cîoal 
and Estate Co., and Director of the Griqualand 
West D.M. Co. In freemasonry he is D.D.G.M. 
of Central South Africa, and Emment Preceptor 
"Diamond of <he Désert." He served as a 
trooper in the D.F.H. in the Kafir war of 1877-8 ; 
became Capt. in that corps in 1889, and served 
as Capt. and Adjt. in the Beaconsfileld Town 
Guard during the siège in the S.A. Wax, and was 
mentioned in Col. Kekewich's despatches. He 
majried, Dec. 8, 1876, Miss Annie Robinson 

BLACKIBURN, Douglas ; of Loteni Valley, 
via Fort Nottingham, Natal ; eldest son of the 
Rev. Geo. Blackbum ; was bom at Aix, Savoy, 
Aug. 6, 1857. He was educated at Wylde's 
TCing Edward Gram. Sch., Loweetoft, and 
read for the Bar. He heis been connected witii 
joumalism since 1892, and is founder of "The 
Sentinel," a Progressive Boer journal, and has 
incidentally been engaged in numerous criminal 
and ci^ abstiens for Ubel brought by the Trcuos- 
vaal Govt. officiais. He is author of two books 
which hâve gained him a very favourable 
notoriety, " Prinsloo of Prinsloosdorp," and ** A 
Burgher Quixote" (Blackwood), and he hasnow 
in the press " Richard Hartley, Prospecter." Mr. 
Bla^skbum has travelled considerably. He 
heis written about sailing subjects, and htis 
perf ormed several unusually long single-handed 
voyages in small boat-s in British and Contin- 
ental waters. Unmarried. 

BLAINE, George, MX. A., représente the 
électoral division of Cathcart in the Cape 
Législative Assembly, and votes with the 
Progressive party. 

BLAKELEY, Robert Henry, of Johannes- 
burg, was bom at Harbury, Yorks., Nov. 8, 1867 ; 
is the son of Wm. Blakeley, J.P., was educated 
At Repton, and served with Roberts' Horse 
during the S.A. War, when he was taken 
prisoner at Sanna's Post (Queen's and King's 
medals, 6 clasps). He is very fond of cricket, 
football, and hockey ; is an authority on the 
Rugby game, and was for seven years Hon. 
fiecy. of the Transvaal Rugby Football Union. 

BLANE, William, F.R.C.I., of 31, Karl 
Street, Jeppestown, Johannesburg ; of the New 
•Club, Johannesburg, and of the Junior Con- 
servative Club, London, is the eldest son of 
Robert Blane, of Galston, Ayrshire, and grand- 
tson of William Blane, of Ayr, who was the first 

engineer for William Baird & Co., and one of tb 
most successful engineers of his time. He wa 
bom May 28, 1858, at Galston, and trained h 
mining and engineering with Boyd, Gibnou 
& Co., Kilmamock. After taking variouf 
distinctions cuid prizes for scientific studios h4 
went to S.A. in 1883. After being in varioui 
pfikrts of the country he went to Joheuinesbur^ 
in March, 1890, and waa gen. manager of variouE 
gold mining companies to the end of 1893. 
From that year until 1899 he was senior partnez 
of the ârm of Blctne & Co., Engineers, Johannes- 
burg. Since 1899 he has been Managing Director 
of Blane & Co., Ltd. In 1901 he weus selected 
by the Govt. of Queensland to inspect the gold 
âelds of that country and to report on the con- 
ditions and mode of working them. He is 
director of several companies, euad is a member 
of the Institute of Mechanical Engineers, London ; 
of the Federated Institute of JkUning Engineers, 
England ; of the S.A. Association of Engineers ; 
and of the Mechanical Engineers* Association of 
the Witwatersrand, Under the nom de plume 
of " Beta " he was a fréquent contributor of 
verses to " Excalibar " in the eighties. About 
this period a volume of his verses was published 
in Scotland under the title of ** Lays of lAfe and 
Hope," which were mostly gathered from the 
columns of local joumals and papers. He is 
also the author of a number of techinical articles 
on mining and engineering subjects for varions 
publications, but still occasionally dévotes a 
spare hour to the Muses. He married : first. 
Miss Jane Kerr, of Corshill, Kelwinning, in 
December, 1879; and inApril, 1902, he married 
Bertha, third dau. of W. H. Roberts, of Somer- 
set House, London, and sister to Morley Roberts, 

BLELOCH, WnxL^M Edwin, F.R.C.I., of 
Hazleyshaw, Albemarle St., Kensin^n, 
Johannesburg, and of the New Rand, and 
AthensBum Club, London, was bom in London, 
Oct. 2, 1863 ; is son of Robert Bleloch, of 
Hazleyshaw, Clackmannanshire, Scotland ; and 
was educated at Saline Public Sch., Fifeshire. 
He entered commercial life at Glasgow in 
1879 ; went to S.A. in 1889 ; spent five years 
travelling in Cape Colony, Orangia, and the 
Transvacd; settled in Johannesburg in 1894, 
and engaged in mining. On outbreak of war 
in 1899 he acted aa war correspondent for the 
•'Standard" with Lord Methuen's Kimberley 
Relief Column, then with Lord Roberts' Army 
to Bloemfontein and Pretoria. He was présent 
at Graspan» Modder River, Mctgersfontein, 


Anglo-African Who's Who 


PcMkrdebergy Poplar Grove, Driefontein, and ail 
the fîghts up to Pretoria. He beoame Spécial 
Correspondent for the ''Moming Post,** Sept. 
1 900, continuing to the end of the war. He wrote 
'*The New South Africa," publishedbyHeinemann 
(1901). In 1902 he served on the Ck>nmii88ion 
appointed to inquire into the Gold Laws of the 
rD'anBvaal, and in May, 1902, beocune Joint 
Manager in Johcucmeeburg of the United South 
Africa Association, Ltd. He is a Director of 
the Fédération Syndicate, Ltd., Orangia Main 
Beef, Ltd., New Transvaal Coy., Ltd., Jooste 
Claims Syndicate, Ltd., New Options Syndicate, 
Ltd., East Raud Gold Mine, and Altemate 
Director of The Premier Transvaal Dicunond 
Mining Coy., Ltd. His récréations are the study 
of geology and économies. Mr. Bleloch was 
married on July 11, 1901. 

BLOMFIELI>, Beab- Admirai. Richard Mas- 
SIE, B.N., Ordersof the Osmanieh (3rdclass) and 
Medjidieh (3rd class) ; of Alexandria, Egypt ; 
5, Stanley PL, Chester ; and of the United 
Service and PaU Mail Clubs, weis bom at Steven- 
age, Herts. Mch. 3, 1835. He is son of the late 
Bev. G. B. Blomfîeld, Rector of Stevenage and 
Canon of Chester Cathedral, whose brother was 
Bishop of London from 1828 to 1856, his mother 
having been Frances Maria, dau. of the Bev. 
Bichard Massie, of Coddington, .Cheshire. The 
présent admirai was educated at the Bev. Jn. 
Seager*s Private Classical Sch., at Stevenage, 
cuid entering the B.N. served throughout the 
Crimea as Mid-Mate and Lieut. of H.M.S. 
Agamemnon and Royal Albert, flagship of Sir 
Edmund Lyons ; was Mate of Ist launch of the 
Royal Albert, in the Azoff Expédition in 1855 ; and 
Capt. W. B. Mends, who commanded both thèse 
ships from 1853 to 1857, on giving up the com- 
mand certified that " Lieut. Blomâeld is dis- 
tinguished for patience and coolness in a moment 
of trial. I hâve had a good opportunity of 
judging of the qualifications of offîcers during 
the w£Lr, and Lieut. Blomfield's are of a high 
order." (Crimean medals, Sebastopol, and AzoS 
cla.sps). Lieut. Blomfield was on board H.M.S. 
Hero conveying his présent Majesty, when 
Prince of Wales, representing the Queen, to 
the British American Colonies and U.S.A., 
and back to Eng. in 1860. He was selected as 
Conmiander of H.M.S. Agincourt when the 
Admiralty flag was first hoisted ; in Executive 
command of the Channel and Beserve Squadrons 
in Apr., 1869 ; was mem. of the Admiralty 
Confidential Torpédo Conunittee from May 23, 
1873, to July 28, 1876. As Capt., at the request 

of Khédive Ismail, the Admiralty appointed 
him Controller of the Port of Alexandria in 
Aug., 1878, and he h^d that post from May 19, 
1879, to July 1, 1901, since which date he haa 
been Controller-Gen. of Eg3rptian Ports and 
Lighthouses. The Order of the Medjidieh 
(3nl cl.) was oonferred upon him in Aug., 1883, 
and he reoeived the Egyptian war medal, with 
Alexandria clasp, and the Egyptian stskr for 
services rendered to the British and Egyptian 
Govts. during the events of 1882. He was 
présent during the bombardment of Alexandria 
on bo£brd H.M.S. Invincible, by invitation of the 
C.I.Ç., Sir B. Seymour, euad l£mded with the party 
under the commander of H.M.S. Monarch to 
take possession of the forts €tnd town on the 
moming of July, 13. Adm. Blomfield received 
an offîcial letter from H.M. Principal Secy. of 
State for Foreign Affairs, expressing the ap- 
préciation of H.M. Govt. for the valuable 
services rendered by him to the Expedidonary 
Force in Egypt during the campcûgn of 1882, 
and for the zeal and ability with which he 
served his country during the opérations. He 
mcuried, July 3, 1877, Bosamond Selina, dau. 
of the late Bt. Bev. C. Graves, D.D., Bishop 
of Limerick, by whom he has two sons, Capt. 
C. G. Massie Blomfield, 6th B. Warwickshire 
Begt. (b. 1878), and H. Massie Blomfield, 
B.A., of Oriel Coll., Oxon (bom 1881). 

BLYDEN, Dr. Edward W., of Sierra Leone, 
was bom in 1832 in St. Thomas, Danish West 
Lidies. He is of pure'negro blood, and went 
to the United States at the âge of seventeen to 
improve his éducation. Being a coloured man 
he found racial feeling too strong, and accord- 
ingly he went to the black republic of Libéria 
where he studied further and became a Presby- 
terian preacher. Dr. Blyden interested Mr. 
Gladstone in his schemes in 1859, and two years 
later was sent by the Liberian Govt. to the West 
Indies to encourage a retum of negroes to West 
Africa. He was accredited Minister for Libéria 
at the Court of St. James' in 1877, and again in 
1892. He has travelled in Syria and Egjrpt ; 
has made two joumeys in the hinterland of 
Sierra Leone on behalf of the British Govt., 
and has lectured in the U.S. A. on Liberian afEairs. 
He is opposed to the idea of the Christian f aith 
being suitable for African negroes, as is shown in 
his book " Christianity, Islam, and the Negro 
Baces" (1886), and has since preached the 
Muhammedan doctrine amongst natives. Li 
1895 he was appointed Agent for Native Affairs 
in Lagos. He then occupied a similar position 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

in Old CalabcLT, and in 1890 opened up Muham- 
medan schools in Sierra Leone. The yeskr 1900 
he spent as professer of langnagos (of which he 
speaks four) in Libéria, and in Aug., 1901, he 
was appointed Director of Muhanimedan Educa- 
tion for Sierra Leone by Mr. J. Chamberlain, 
with the object of opening up further Moslem 
schools in that colony. Dr. Blyden visited 
Englcmd in 1903, and was entertained there at a 
large negro banquet. 

BOGGIE, Alexandeb, of Old Meldrum, 
Aberdeenshire, cuid Bulawayo, Bhodesia, is the 
eldest son of the late Alexcuider Boggie, of 
Liverpool, and his wife, M. A. E. Boggie, who 
was the only dau. of Dr. Milne, of the Scottish 
Régiment, €md connected with the Argyle 
famjly on her father's side He was bom May 
8, 1861, at Liverpool, and was educated privately 
and at vcirious public schools in Aberdeen, 
Edinburgh and London. Mr. Boggie went 
to S.A. in 1869 with his parents. He was 
at the Diamond Fields with his father in 1871, 
when the Kimberley Mine was discovered. He 
retumed to Scotland with his mother, on the 
death of his father in 1875, cmd went back to 
S.A. in 1883. He joined in the rush to the 
Kaap Gold Fields in 1884 ; visited Swaziland 
in 1886, and opened negotiations with Um- 
bandine, the Swazi King, with a view to getting 
a gold concession in his country. This he suc- 
ceeded in doing, and as soon as this became 
publicly known the rush for concessions to 
Swaziland took place. Li 1888 he visited the 
King of the Matabele on a similar errand. He 
was through the Matabele Rébellion, and during 
the late S.A. War aoted as Spécial Correspon- 
dent for the Rhodesian Press in the Natal 
Campaign. Ever since the occupation of 
Rhodesia he has taken an interest in its affairs, 
both commercial and otherwise. He is on the 
local board of several gold mining, land, and 
other companies in Bulawayo. He is àLso on 
the board of most of the local public bodies of 
that town. Atveuious times he has taken part 
in hunting and exploring expéditions to varions 
parts of S.A. 

BOLUS, GtTiT.ttam, of Maldivia, W3niberg, 
Cape Colony, and of the Citj^ and Civil Service 
Clubs (C. T.), and the Rand Club, is eldest son of 
Walter Bolus, of Boiu^nemouth, Hauts. He 
W61S bom at Port Elizabeth, Oct 11, 1863, and 
was educated at King' s Sch., Canterbury. 
He married, July 23, 1889, Maud Constance, 
4th dau. of Arthur Gates, J.P. for Cape Colony. 

BONHAM, Capt. Waltbb 
Essex Regt., of Arthur's, Junioi 
and Bath Clubs, is the eldest 
Edward W. Bonham, H.B.M.'s ( 
He was bom Jan. 3, 1869, a 
and was educated at Charter 
Royal Military Coll., Sandhurst. 
entered the Army 1899, and g 
StaS Coll., 1899. He served 
S.A. War, and was twice i 
patches, and awarded the xj 
1902, he was selected to raise ar 
Boers for service in Somal 
Contingent under his comnioi 
Durban on Jau. 15, 1903, and 1 
in Italian Somaliland, on Jan. 
tingent formed part of the \ 
cohunn throughout Gen. Manni 
being présent at the occupât 
Wells, on March 4 ; Dudub, Mi 
capture of Galadi, March 31. Oc 
Gumburru disaster, April 17, 
Contingent, imder Capt. Bonhcun 
small mounted force which mi 
march to the relief of Col. Ce 
tingent, at the conclusion of tl 
engagement, retumed to S.A. 
For his services with the C< 
Bonhcun was promoted to the 
Major. XJnmarried. 

Osmanieh (3rd class) ; of Khart< 
Fark Square, London, euad 
University Club ; was bom in 
1870. He is son of Henry Bor 
Sibella, dau. of Geo. Warde N< 
educated at Clifton Coll. and N 
where he distinguished hims* 
having been a member of the O 
Rugby Football XV in 1890 i 
in 1890 he played in the Englisl 
Scotland. Mr. Bonham-Carter 
Lincoln's Tnn ; was appointed 
the Sudan Govt., and Judicial 
1899, and is the author of a not 
of Législation in Great Brit 
Alcoholic Liquors, published ii 
Lord Peers Commission. Unn 

BOSHOF, Fbbdebiok:, of 
District, Transvaal, was bom 
O.R.C., in 1848. His father f 
plaats, and then trekked acro°«' 
northemmost corner of the 
young Boshof was brought u; 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

sezni-oivilized surroundings. He served the 
Hervormde Church for eight yeers as decMîon, 
and for four years as elder, and in 1891 was 
eleoted to the Second Volksraad of the S.A.B. 
as member for Waterberg, in which he sat as an 
uncompromising supporter of the Govt. 

BOTHA, Revd. J. B., a wavering minister of 
the Dutch Befonned Church, who apologized 
to the Afrikeuader Bond for having urged the 
people to a>ccept British rule euad declaring that 
the continued résistance of the Boers was an 

BOTHA, J. N. P., was senior member of the 
Cape Législative Assembly for Aiiwal North 
until the gênerai élection of 1904, when he did 
not seek re-election. 

BOTHA, P. M., a f armer of the Kroonstad 
District, O.R.C., was elected member of the Free 
State Volksraad in May, 1879. 

BOTHA, HoN. R. P. ; was bom in the 
Swellendam dist., C.C. ; was elected member 
of the Cape Législative Council in 1883 ; was 
retumed to the House of Assembly in 1895 ; 
and subsequently represented the Midland 
Province in the Cape Législative Council. He 
is an ardent Afrikeuader of independent views, 
and was once Près, of the Bond. 

BOURKE, Edmund Francis, M.L.C, of Bar- 
ton Keep, Pretoria, and of the Pretoria, Durban, 
and City (Cape Town) Clubs ; is the eldest son of 
John Bourke, one of the early colomsts of Natal. 
He was educated at private schools, and at 
Maritzburg High School. He received his busi- 
ness training in Natal, and went to the Transvaal 
early in 1887 — before euinexation ; retumed to 
Natal for a short time in 1878, €tnd settled fmally 
in Pretoria in 1879. Lnmediately taking an 
interest in municipal affairs, he was elected a 
member of the first Pretoria Municipality. This 
élection was cancelled upon the rétrocession of 
the Transvaal in 1881. Li spite of taking an 
active pcurt in the mercantile business of Bourke 
A Co., and other commercial underteikings, and 
of being an CMîtive Direotor on the Bo£brd of the 
National Bank prier to the wai*, he devoted him- 
self with great energy and public spirit to many 
public and philanthropie institutions. Before 
the occupation of the British he interested him- 
eelf very largely in the hospitals and nursing 

homes, where his administrative and business 
abîlities were of the utmost value. 

During some months of the war he served as 
Acting Burgomaster of Pretoria under Gen. Sir 
J. G. Maxwell, and was appointed to a seat in the 
Législative Council of the Transvaal after the 
war. He isnowChm. of the Pretoria Chamber of 
Commerce, Près, of the însh Association, Chm. 
of the Bourke Trust & Estate Co., and of several 
mercantile concems, and was elected Mayor of 
Pretoria at the end of 1903. 

Mr. Bourke has also been cussociated pro- 
minently with ail athletic sports. It weis 
mainly through his efforts that the visits of the 
English Professionals, Brockwell, Trott, and 
Braund to Pretoria took place. Mr. Bourke 
married, May 18, 1881, Eleanor, third dau. of 
Henry Griffîn, of Woodford, Maritzburg, Natal. 

BOUSFIELD, LiEUT.-CoL. Henby Richings, 
C.M.G., J.P., of St. Andrew's St., Durban, and 
the Durban and Royal Natal Yacht Clubs, was 
bom at Winchester, Hauts, May 3, 1863, and 
is the eldest son of the late Rt. Rev. Henry 
Brougham Bousfield, D.D., Bishop of Pre- 
toria, was educated at Ail Hallowes, Honiton and 
Sherbome. He was attached to H.M. Ordnance 
Dept., Transvaal, 1879-80 (Zulu and Sukukeni 
wars) ; joined the Transvaal Civil Service (Col. 
Secy's. Dept.), 1880, and was employed on 
staâ duties during the siège of Pretoria in the 
Boer War of 1880-1 ; attached Acct.-Gen.'s 
Dept. of the Army at Pretoria, Aug. 1881, and 
was appointed to the Natal Civil Service in the 
following Sept. Subsequently he became Chief 
Clerk and Registrar of the Circuit Court ; J.P. 
for the County, 1886 ; and £U3ting Magistrate 
in Durban in 1889. He resigned the Natal 
Civil Service in Oct., 1890, and was called to 
the Bar of the Inner Temple in Nov., 1892. He 
was admitted Advooate of the Suprême Courts 
of Natal (1893), and the Cape of Good Hope 
(1899), €tnd was Commissioner in Natal of the 
Suprême Court of the Transvaal in 1902. 

He joined the Royal Durbctn Rifles as Lient, 
in 1886, was Capt. in Natal Royal Rifles 1888, 
receiving his majority and the command of 
the Durban Light Infantry in 1893, and trans- 
ferred to the Reserve, Natal Volunteers, 1895. 
During the S.A. War he acted as Station Staff 
Offîcer at Durban, 1899-1900, being mentioned 
in despatches and receiving the C.M.G., 1902. 
Col. Bousfleld has now retûred from the service. 
He married, Apr. 22, 1890, Coràl, second dau. 
of the late Rt. Hon. Sir Harry Escombe, P.C., 
Q.C.. LL.D., M.L.A., late Premier of Natal. 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

BOWRING, Chaules Calvebt, of Mombasa, 
£. Africa ; was educated at Clifton Coll., and 
joined the Colonial Audit Brcuich of Exchequer 
and Audit Dept., Jan. 20, 1890 ; was sent to 
Hong Kong, Dec. 12, 1897 , Local Auditor 
British Central Africa, Sept. 7, 1895 ; Local 
Auditor East Africcuii Frotectorate euad Uganda 
Kailway, June 5, 1899 ; cuid was appointed 
Treasurer of the East African Protectorate, 
Oct. 1, 1901. Mr. Bowring was awcirded the 
Hong Kong Gold Plague Medal, 1894. 

BOYD, Chaules Walteb, of 1, Whitehall 
Gardons, Lond., S.W., cmd of the Garrick and 
National Clubs, is son of the late Very Rev. 
A. K. H. Boyd, D.D., of St. Andrew's, N.B., 
where he was bom Apr. 11, 1869. Educated at 
Fettes ColL, Edin., and at Edinburgh University, 
he recul for the Scottish Bar, but drifted into 
joumalisni.contributing articles to the " Saturday 
Review," "Times," and varions other joumals 
and magazines. From 1895-97 he was Priv. Secy. 
to the Rt. Hon. G. Wyndham, M.P., and from 
1897-98 he acted in a simiickr cap€u;ity to Dr. 
L. S. Jameson. He was also for some time 
Political Secy. to the late Rt. Hon. C. J. Rhodes. 
He is now Joint Secy. of the Rhodes Trust, 
Mem. of the Executive of the Impérial S.A. 
Assoc, and Mem. of the Committee of the S.A. 
Colonization Soc, and of the Victoria League. 

BOYD, Henry Crawpobd, of the Rand Club, 
Johannesburg, and of the CaJedonian and 
National Clubs, London, is 5th and youngest 
son of the late Very Rev. A. K. H. Boyd, D.D., 
of St. Andrews, N.B., where he was bom. 
Sept. 26, 1870. He was educated at Fettes Coll., 
Edin., and is at présent on the staff of Messrs. 
H. Eckstein &. Co. of Johannesburg. 

BOYLES, George J., of Bulawayo ; originally 
came from Lady Frère, Cape Colony ; joined the 
Border Horse in the late S.A. War ; was taken 
prisoner and released ai ter four months' capti vity 
by Gen. French at Nooitgedtkcht. He then 
continued fighting on the British side, and gained 
a Lieutenant's Commi.ssion. 

BRABANT, Brig.-Gen., Sir Edward Yewd, 
K.C.B.,C.M.G.,of Gonnubie Park,East London, 
Cape Colony, and of the Naval and Military 
Club ; was bom in 1839, and has had a long 
and distinguished career in politics and arms. 
He entered the 2nd Derby Militia as Ensign in 
1855, and joined the Cape Mounted Rifles with 

sîmilar rank in 1855, from which he retired \ 
half pay with Cc^tain's rank in 1870. 2 
entered the arena of politics as M.L.A. for Eéi 
London in 1873, and was re-elected in II 
following year. In 1878, he was appoint! 
Pield-Commandant of the Cape Colonial Forcol 
became Colonel of the Ist Cape Yeomanry i 
1879 ; wfius made CM. G. in 1880 ; was re-electe 
member for Ee»t London in 1882, and again I 
1888. He was a member of the Defence Con 
mission in 1896, and in 1897 was Près, of th 
South African League. Gen. Brabcuit serve» 
through the S.A. War, at first in command of th 
Colonial Division and subsequently as Inspectoi 
G«n. of the Colonial Defence Force, imtil the eni 
of 1901, when he retired under the new schenK 
of Colonial Defence (despatches, medal, euac 
clasps). He resumed his duties in the Capi 
Parliament, cuid soon after seceded from ma 
old political leader Sir Gordon Sprigg, and joined 
the new Progressive party imder Eir. Smaart, 
with whom he was £issociated in connection with 
the Suspension mov^nent. He resigned his 
seat in Parliament on his re-appointment in 
Dec., 1902, to the command of the Cape Colonial 
Forces, from which he retired in 1904. He was 
a keen S3m[ipathiser with the loyalists who suffered 
from the effects of the wcu*, and marked his 
departure from England after the Coronation by 
the public déclaration that " Loyalty does not 
pay." Gen. Brabant married Mary Bumet, 
dau. of the Rev. Canon Robertson, of Canter- 

BRADFIELD, Hon. John Linden, M.L.C, 
J.P., of Dordrecht, Cape Colony ; w€» bom in 
1838. He is senior partner in the firm of Brad- 
field & Bro., law agents, of Dordrecht, and a 
deputy sherifT for the Wodehouse Division. He 
was member of the Tembuland Conunission in 
1882 ; represented Wodehouse in the House of 
Assembly from 1873 to 1883, oxià was elected to 
the Législative Council as member for the 
Eastem Province in 1891. Mr. Bradfield is a 

BRADFORD, Thomas, was bom in 1877. He 
is a prof essionaJ hunter who has been in some of 
the wildest parts of Africa. lii six months with 
two guns he shot 2,780 of heavy game, including 
éléphants, lions, hippopotami, giraffes, léopards, 
rhinoceroses, etc. At his headquarters in AMca 
he has the ccircase of an éléphant that stcunds 
15 ft. 9 in. high — said to be the largest éléphant 
ever shot. Mr. Bradford served throughout the 
S.A. War (1899-02) in a Colonial Corps. 



BRAMSTON, Sir John, Knt., G.C.M.G., C.B., 
of 18, Berkeley Place, Wimbledon, and of the 
Travellers* Club ; is descended from Sir John 
Brcunston, Knt., Chief Justice of England in the 
time of Charles I., euid is the second son of T. W. 
Brcunston, of Slôreens, M.P. for South Essex. 
He was bom at Skreens, Nov. 14, 1832 ; 
was educated at Winchester, and Bcdliol Coll., 
Oxon., Fel. of Ail Soûls' Coll., 1856. Sir John 
Brcunston heis had a very distinguished career. 
He waa Private Sec. to the Govemor of 
Queensland, 1860-1 ; M.L.C. Queensland, 
186a-9 ; Attomey-Gen. of Queensland, 1870-3 ; 
Attomey-Gen. of Hong Kong, 1874-6 ; Assistant 
Under Secy. of State, Colonial Office, 187^-97 ; 
and is Registrar of the Order of St. Michael and 
St. George, 1892. Sir John mcuried, Dec. 14, 
1872, EUza Isabella, dau. of the Bev. Harry 
Vane Bussell. 

BRANSON, Mbs. Ktjhne, the well known 
sculptor, better known as Mrs. Beveridge, of 
89, PcLrk St., Mayfair, is the dau. of Phils Judson 
Beveridge and Ella Beveridge, now Baroness 
von Wrede. She was bom at Govemor's 
Mansions, I11.,U.S.A. on Cet. 31,1878, and was 
educated at Dresden, New York, and Paris. 
Her Works include a monument of Rough Riders 
charging San Juan, and she has executed statues 
of Grover, Cleveland, Scurah Bemhardt, Cecil 
Rhodes, Major Ricard-Seaver, E. Windsor 
Richards, Hon. M. W. Elphinstone, Tom L. 
Johnson, William Jennings Bryan, H. H. Mcirks, 
M.P., Buiïalo Bill, and many others. Her 
statue of Rhodesia is considered a very fine work 
of art. She married William Branson. of 
Johcucmesburg, Aug. 25, 1903. 

BREBNER, John ; is eldest son of the Rev. 
John Brebner (died Nov., 1902), at one time 
Minister of Education for the O.F.S. He 
waâ Minister of Fincuice for the late S.A.R., 
and was one of the signatories of the Peace 

BRECKER, B. G. ; was born in Namaqua- 
land ; was educated at the S.A. Coll., and went 
to the S.A.R. in 1875, trekking through the 
Kalahari, Elimberley and the Free States, and 
settling in Utrecht Dist. He served in the Zulu 
War " for money," €uid in the Transvaal War 
for his adopted country. In 1884 he joined the 
fiUbusters who founded the New Republic, after- 
wards incorporated with the Transvaal, cuid 
recently tacked on to Natal. He was elected 
for Vryheid in the TransvaïJ Second VolksrciadJ; 

was balloted out of the Raad in 1891, but was 
afterwards re-elected by a \axge majority, 

BRETTON, Lord Mone ; formerly in the 
service of the Foreign Office, and was attached 
to the Embaissies in Peuris and Constantînople 
before he became Assist. Private Sec. to 
the late Lord Salisbury. His lordship subae- 
quently occupied an important position in the 
Colonial Office, and accompanied Mr. Chamber- 
lain as Principal Private Sec. on his S.A. tour 
in 1902. 

BROADWOOD, Col. (Temp. Bbio.-Gen.) 
RoBEBT Gkobge C.B. (MiUtary), 4th Class 
Osmanieh, of the Naval and Military Club, ; was 
bom in London, Mar. 14, 1862 ; is son of Thos. 
Broadwood, of Holmbush, Crawley, and was 
educated at Chcirterhouse and Sandhurst, passing 
into the 12th Lancers in 1881. He joined the 
Egyptian Army in 1892, and served through the 
Dongola expédition in 1896 (despatches, Brev. 
of Lt.-Col., Egypt'icui medal with 2 clasps and 
medal). In the Nile Expédition of 1897 and 
1898 he was présent at the a>ction of Abu Hamed, 
the occupation of Berber, and the battles of the 
Atbara and Khcirtoum (despatches, Osmanieh, 
4 cleisps to Egyptian medal, and medal). In 
S.A., 1899-1902, after commanding the 2nd 
S.A.L.H. he commanded the 2nd Cavcdry 
Brigade with rank of Brig.-Gen. He was 
several times mentioncd in despatches ; was 
appointed A.D.C. to the King, and received the 
King's medal with 2 clasps, and the C.B. Col. 
Broadwood is now in commcmd of the troops in 

BRODIE, Douglas Edwabd ; of 2, London 
Wall Buildings, Lond., and of the Bachelors' 
Club, Lond., was bom in Aug. 1873 ; 
was educated at Winchester, and entered the 
service of the B.S.A. Co. in 1897. He was 
appointed Joint Asst. Secy. of the Chcirtered Co. 
and Joint Secy. to the Rhodes Trust in 1902. 

BROOKS, F. G. ; was educated at Bedford 
Gram. Sch. He is a well known athlète, and 
has played in international football. He went 
to S.A. in Oct., 1902totake up au appointment 
in the Rhodesiau Civil Service. 

BROWN, Alfbed FObbes, of Khartoum, 
and of the East India, United Service cuid the 
Alpine Clubs ; was bom at Treveandrom, Tra- 
vcuicore, India, Apr. 27, 1858. He is youngest 

Anglo-Afbican Who's Who 

son of the late John Allan Brown, F.R.S., lote 
' Director of Observatories, Travancore, and wae 
eduoated at Lausaime, Stuttgart, Faiis, at 
Univecsity Coll. ood Sch-, LoadOD, and ab the 
French Foreet Sch., Nancy. Poaaing into tbe 
TnHinTi Forest Service in Nov., I87T. he was 
appointed to the N.W. Frovincee, Oudh, Dec., 
1980, aa Asat. Conservator o£ Foreste. In July, | 
1S88, bis servioea were lent to the Biirmeee ' 
Govt., and he waa again lent in Dec of that 
yeortotbo Govt. of Ceylon. In Dec., 1891, he 
waa appointed Conservator of Foreate, Ceylon, and \ 
in Dec., 1901, he becameDiiectoroE Woods and 
Foreste undet tbe Sudan Oovt. SUe sports are 
big Rame shooting, mountainecsing, and lawn . 
tnuus. He married, Oct. 4. 1892, Emily Hilda 
Mahala, youngeet dau. of tbe late James Howard, 
J.P., of Clmham Park. Beda, at Unies M.P. for 
Beda or Bedford. 

I, J. Fbane, formerly of Pietermaritz- 
burg, was appointed PoHtniast«r-Oen. of tbe 
Transvaal under the British Administration. 

BROWN, John, C.M.G., of the Thatch, 
RondeboBch, C.C. ; and of the Civil Service 
(C.T.) and Kimberley Cluba. ; was bom 
Apr. 27, 1844 ; is eldeet son of the late John 
Brown, of Marlborough, Wilts ; was educated 
at Straatham, and was articled as pupil to the 
late Sir John Coode at Portland Breakwatw, 
and served under him aa Bngineer in charge of 
the River Bann Navigation Works in Ireland. 
He was for some time angaged on the Bristol and 
Exeter Bailway under Mr. Francw Foi, and for 
the last 30 yaars bas been engaged on the Cape 
Govt. Railwaya. He married, Dec. 3, 1887, 
His3 Augusta Sarah Rhodes. 

BROWN, John Loins Hitohxu,, o£ Cape 
Town ; was bom at Cape Town in 1836 ; was 
educabed at the Normal Publio Sch. and at 
J. Gillard'a Academy. Since 1860 he has taken 
an interest in ail matters political and sociàL 
He was Town Councillor in 1880-81, tmsucoess- 
folly oonteeted Cape Town in 18S4, but was 
elected foc that coostituency in 1894. He was 
for many years an active mraaber of the Cape 
Town Cbombec of Commeroe. 

'BRUCE, Col. David, R.A.M.C., F.R.8., of 
68, Victoria St., S.W., waa bom at Victoria, 
AustraUa, May 20, 1665, and is son of David 
Bruce, who pat up the flrst quartz crushing 

educatod at the High Sch., Stirling. N.B., S 
Edin. University, where he tookhisM.B-, OJ 
and the Cameron Prize. He entered theR.A.l£ 
in Aug. 1883, served in Malta from 1884-», m 
whlle there worked at Malta fevor, discovwll 
its cause In the Mtcrococcu» MeUlemis, I 
taught pathology and bacteriology in the Am 
Med: Sch:, Netley, from 1889-94; servi 
in S.A. from 1894-1901, two years of whl) 
(1895-6) he spent in Zululand investigating U 
Nagana or Tsetse Fly dïsease. In the S.i 
War he was at the siège of Ladysmïth, and w) 
with Gen. BuUer in hia maroh to Belfast. H 
was member of the Parliamentary Comm. t 
investigate the cause of dyaentery and entcd 
fever in the Army. He received spécial prt 
motion (medaU 7 claaps) : was appointed raem 
ber of the Advisory Board, War Office, 1901, an 
Director of the Sleeping Sicknesa Comm., Roya 
Society, Uganda, 1903 ; became Col. Dec. 10 
1903. CoL Bruce was married in 1683 to Mis 
Mary Elizabetb Steele, oE Reigate, Surrey. 

BRYCE, RioHT Hou. James, P.C., D.C.L., 
LL.D., F,R.8., M.P. for Abardeen, of 64, Foti- 
land Place, London, and Hindleap, Sussex, and 
of the Atfaen»um and National Libéral Clubs ; 
is the son of James Brice, LL.D., oad Margoret, 
dftiL of James Young, was bom at Beifaat, 
March 10, 1838, and was educated at High 
Sch. and Univ. of Glasgow, Trinity CoIL, Oxon, 
and became Fel. of OrielColl., Oson ; graduating 
D.C.L. of Oxon., Hon. Lit.D. of Camb. and of 
Victoria Univ.. and Hon. LL.D. of Edin., 
Glasgow, 8t. Andrew's and Michigan Univet- 
sities ; Doctor of Political Science of Univ. pf 
Buda Fest. Prof. Bryee was called to the Bar 
of Lincoln' s Ion in 1867, and practised as 
Barrister for several years. He has had a 
distiuguished poUtical oateer, entcring Parlia- 
ment in 1880 as member for Tower Hamlets, 
and has represented Aberdeen in the Libéral 
intereat since 1885. He waa Under Seey. at the 
Poreign OSice (1386), and thereafter Chancelier 
of tbe Duchy of Lancaster in Mr. Qladstone's 
Cabinet of 1892 ; waa Près, of the Board of 
Trade, 1894, and Chairman of the Royal Cont- 
misaion on Secondary Education in 1694. The 
foUowing year he mode a hurried tour of 
S:A., including a tHp through Rhodesia, and 
reoorded his Impressions of South Afrie» " in 
1897. He has alâo written books on a variety 
of différent subjeote, his last work being " Studieë 
In Contemporary Biographies " (1903). In 1904 
he was unanimouBly elected to the Frenoh 
Aoademy in the place of the late Prof. Leoky. 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

He married, July 23, 1889, Elizabeth Marion, 
dau. of Thomas Ashton, of Fordbcuik, near 

BBYDEN, HsNBY Akdebson, of Down 
View, Gore Park Road, Easthoume, and the 
Constitutional Club, S.W., son of the late Wm. 
Anderson Bryden, of Surbiton, Surrey, and 
Maria, dau. of the late Wm. Cowper, of 
Boddington, Northants, was bom in Oxford- 
shire in 1854, and educated at Cheltenham 
Coll. and at the Rev. Brackenbury's, Wimble- 
don. In his younger days he was known 
as an athlète, representing England against 
Sootland (Rugby rules), and winning some 
forty prizes, chiefly for long-disteuace running. 
He first visited S.A. in 1876, when he 
resided in some remote and wild mountain 
country near the eastem extremity of the Great 
Karroo, interesting himself much in sport and 
natural history. Has since visited many other 
parts of S.A., mainly in search of sport, 
nature, and wild life. Has resided in British 
Bechuanaland, traversed the Protectorate and 
Khama's country, crossed and shot through the 
Northern Kalahari, and hunted big game in 
Ngamiland, where he had much success. Tîas 
travelled in the Trcuisvaal, O.R.C., and many 
parts of Cape Colony. His travels in Ngami- 
land and the Kalahari were utilized by the War 
Office, and varions désert waters, places and 
roads, now found in the maps of the Intelligence 
Department, eare the results of his observations. 
Is a keen angler, and has fished much in Norway 
and elsewhere. Was a member of the South 
African Committee, formed during the Bechu- 
ancdcmd troubles in the eighties, and served 
thereon in company with Mr. Chamberlain, 
Mr. H. Amold-Forster, Sir Thomsis Fowell 
Buxton, the late Rev. John Mackenzie, and 
others. When KJiama came to England in 
1896 to protest against his country being dis- 
membered and handed over to the Chartered 
CompÉUiy, Mr. Bryden lent the aid of his pen 
towards the objects of the Chief s visits. In 
the resuit KJiama's coimtry remains — as the 
Chief and his people desired — under direct 
Impérial control. Mr. Bryden has written 
much on S.A. Among his books are 
to be mentioned " Kloof and Karroo " (1889), 
Gun and Ccunera in Southern Africa " (1893), 
Taies of South Africa " (1896), " Nature and 
Sport in South Africa " (1897), " The Victorian 
Era in South Africa " (1897), " An Exiled Scot '* 
(1899), "Great and Small Game of Africa'* 
editor and part author, 1899), " From Veldt 



( c 

Camp-Fires" (1900), "Animais of Africa 
(1901), <*A History of South Africa,'* and 
" Don Duarte's Treasure " (1903). Mr. Bry- 
den is greatly interested in ail Idnds of fieM 
sports, and 1ms published, in addition, ^* Hare 
Hunting and Harriers** (1903), " How to Buy 
a Gun ** (part author, 1903), and " Nature and 
Sport in Britcûn *' (1903). His main récréations 
are natural history, shooting, fîshing, hunting» 
lawn tennis, and cyoling. He married, 1881» 
Julick, daughter of the late J. P. Wright, of 
Priors Marston, Warwickshire. 

BRYTENBACH, Isaac Johann ; sat in the 
Second Volksraad as member for Lydenburg» 
Transvaal. He almost invariably voted with 
the Conservatives. 

BUCHAN, John, of 3, Temple Gardons» 
London, E.C.,and of the Bachelors, Union, and 
Vincent's (Oxford) Clubs, is the eldest son of 
the Rev. John Buchan and Helen, dau. of John 
Masterton, of Broughton Green, Peeblesshire. 
He was bom at Perth, N.B., on Aug. 26, 1875, 
and was educated at Glasgow Univ. and at 
Brasenose Coll., Oxford, where he graduated 
B.A., and took the Stanhope Prize, the New- 
digate Prize ; Ist class Lit. Hum., and was Près, 
of the Oxford Union. When he left Oxford he 
acted for some time as Assis. Ed. of the " Spec- 
tator." He had then the good fortime to be- 
come Assist. Private Sec. to Lord Milner in 
1901, and retained the position until 1903. In 
the latter yejur he was appointed Acting Corn- 
missioner of Lands in the Transvaal, and Acting 
Sec. to the Inter-Colouial Council of the 
Transvaal and O.R.C. Amongst his published 
Works are several no vais, " A Monograph on Sir 
Walter Raleigh " (1897), a " History of Brasenose 
Collège** (1898), and "The African Colony: 
Studies in the Reconstruction *' (1903). His 
récréations are shooting, fishing, mounteûneering 
and travel. 

BUCHANAN, James MacdonaijD ; son of 
the late Justice Buchanan of Griqualand 
West ; married Elizabeth, eldest dau. of Sir 
Pieter Faure (1902). 

BUCKNILL, John Alexandeb Stbaohet» 
M.A., J.P., of the Pretoria Club, was bom at 
Clifton, Bristol, Sept. 14, 1873 ; was educated 
at Charterhouse and Keble Coll.,Oxon,€uid is a 
Barrister-at-Law of the Inner Temple. He has 
filled the appointments of Commissioner of 
Patents, Registrar of Trade Marks, and Régis- 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

trar of Companiee for the Transvaal, June, 1902 ; 
was appoinied J.P. for the Transvaal in 1902, 
and member of the oommittee of the Transvaal 
Zoological Gardons in the same year. He is the 
author of " Birds of Surrey," and other omitholo- 
gical publications. He married. Sept. 18, 1901, 
Alice Mary, youngest dau. of the late Admirai 
8ir Geo. Richards, K.C.B. 

BULLOCK, Col. Geobqe Mackwobth, C.B., 
of the Junior United Service Club, is son oiÉ 
T. H. Bullock, Deputy Commissioner at 
Berar, India, where Geo. Bullock wets bom, 
Aug. 15, 1850. He was educated at Cheltenham 
Coll., University Coll., Oxford, and the R.M.C., 
Sandhurst, passing into the old 1 Ith Foot in 1872. 
He commanded the 2nd Devons from Jan., 1897, 
to Nov., 1900, and arrived in S.A. from India, 
where he held several staîi appointments, in 
time to take part in the relief of Ladysmith 
and battle of Colenso. He afterwards com- 
manded the Sub-Dist. of Volksrust, and from 
Apr., 1901, until the end of the war he com- 
manded a column (despatches, brev. of Col., 
Queen*s medal with 3 clasps, EÎng's medal with 
2 clasps, C.B.). Proceeding to Egypt, Col. 
BuUock acted as A.A.G. from Nov. 1902, to 
Mar. 31, 1903, when he was appointed C.S.O., 
£g3rpt. He maxried June 5, 1884, Amy Isabel, 
dau. of Jas. Fred Thomson. 

BITRGER, ScHALK W., was member of the 
Volksraad for Lydenburg, and member of the 
Executive Council of the late S.A.R. He 
was Chairman of the Industrial Commission 
appointed to inquire into conditions of the 
mining industry. The report was a gênerai 
condemnation of evils under which the pros- 
perity of the country languished, and many 
progressive recommendations were made. The 
Président charcusterized Mr. Burger as a traiter 
to his country for having signed such a report, 
which was no doubt framed with an honest désire 
to remove abuses and to introduce concessions 
which would benefit both the mining industry 
and the State. He became Acting-Presi- 
dent of the S.A.R. after Mr. Kriiger's âight to 

BURGHÈR, Jaoobus Johannes ; was bom 
in Lydenburg, Transvaal, in 1848, his fathcr 
having been a prominent man in the old Re- 
public of Lydenburg. At the time of the 
annexation he was one of the Committee who 
kept the spirit of "passive résistance** alive 
until the time for strâdng a blow arrived. In 

the war of independence he fought a 
Cornet at Majuba and Laing's Ne£ In 
was elected to the Raad for Lydenbi 
when the Second Raad wcus formed in 
was retumed for Ermelo, and wcts unar 
elected Chairman of the New Chamber. 
Kootje,*' as he is cedled, is a membei 
United Dutch Reformed Church. 

BURNHAM, Majob F. R., was bor 
United States. He took part in the fin 
bêle War (1893), and was one of the o 
who escaped from Allcui Wilson's fatal S 
patrol. In 1895 he took charge of an 
tion to N. Rhodesia. He rendered nn 
scouting services during the second 
Wax (1896), when he was credited wiuu 
shot the M'Limo. In 1899 he visitée 
dyke, and is now representing the East 
Synd., of which he is Managing Directe 
the Anglo-German frontier Une on Lake 1 
His home is in Americ€^ and he has a so 
U.S. Army. 

BURNS, Leonabd BALFonB,of Parroc! 
Coleman's Hatch, Tunbridge Wells, ( 
Royal Thames Ya^sht Club, was bom i 
He visited Natal, the Rand and Kimb 
1889, and subsequently became associai 
Sir Charles Metcalfe, Mr. B. B. Trei 
others in the formation of the S.A. Tz 
Fincmce Coy., Ltd., of which he ren: 
director until its absorption by the Je 
burg Consolidated Invest. Coy. He h 
a Udrector of the Van Ryn Gold Mines f( 
years, is on the Board of the Wassan ai 
W. African Cos., and is intereeted i 
Rhodesian enterprises. 

BURTON, A., R.E., late Editer 
" Cape Government Agricultural J( 
weus appointed (1902) éditer of the " Agri 
Journal,'* a journal steorted under the . 
of the Transvaal Agricultural Departme 
has written an account of the Cape < 
urban and rural industries, entitled 
Colony for Settlers '* (P. S. King & Son 

BURTON, Henby, M.L.A., represent 
in the Cape Législative Assembly, foi 
constituency he was retumed unoppose( 
Bond interest in Nov., 1902, and again 

CALDECOTT, Habby Stbatfobd, F 
F.R.C.I., of Johannesburg cmd the Rax 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

was bom at Port Elizabeth, Nov. 24, 1846 ; is 
3rd son of the late Hon. Chas. Henry Caldecott, 
M.L.C., of Grahamstown, and was educated at 
the Diocesan Coll, Rondebosch, and St. 
AndreVs Coll, Qrahamstown. He is a 
Director of the Johcucmesburg Consolidated 
Investment Co., Joheuinesburg Estate Co., 
Glynn's Lydenburg, and other Cos. He is also 
Chairman of the Witwatersrand Council of 
Education, and Member of the Technical 
Institute recently appointed by Govt. During 
the late S.A. War, Mr. Caldecott rendered good 
service in many ways, espocially as Cheûrmcui 
of the Uitleuider Committee in Natal, and later 
as Commcuidant of the Boer Befugee Women's 
Ccunp at Howick, for whose comf ort as well as 
for the physical and mentcJ éducation of their 
children he worked indefatigably. He married, 
Mch. 1876, Martha Johanna, dau. of the late 
J. J. Sauer, of Aliwal North. 

CALVERLEY, Joseph Ernest Goodfllow, 
C.M.G. (1901), of 10, EarFs Avenue, Folkestone, 
was bom in London, in March, 1872. He was 
educated at Dulwich Coll. and received his 
médical training at St. Bartholomew's HospitaJ, 
graduating M.D., B.S. Lond., M.R.C.S. Eng., 
and L.R.C.P. Lond. 

He served in the S.A. War during 1899-1900, 
attached to the Portland Hospital, receiving the 
C.M.G. in connexion with services then rendered. 
He married, July 27, 1901, Miss Evelyn Doneet. 

CAMPBELL, Mabshall, M.L.C, J.P., of 
Mount Edgecombe, Natal, and of the Durban 
Club ; is the son of William Campbell, of 
Muclde Neuk. He was bom July 10, 1848, and 
w£is educated in Natal. Mr. Campbell landed 
in Natal when eighteen months old. His father 
w£is one of the &st to start the sugar industry 
in the Colony of Natal, which he has BuccessfuUy 
continued to the présent time. He built the 
Natal Refinery and the Tongaat Central Sugar 
Co.'s Estate, of which at one time he was half 
owner. Mr. Marshall Ccunpbell weis M.L.C. 
when Natal was a Crown Colony. On Natal 
being given responsible govemment, he was 
nominated for the Upper House for Victoria 
Country, which seat he holds to the présent day. 
He was asked by Gen. Buller to collect 
Tndian stretcher bearers during the war, and 
sent 600 to Colenso and 700 to Spion Kop. 
Mr. Campbell was appointed as the Natal Com- 
missioner in the Natal-Transvaal Boundary 
Délimitation Commission. For the excellent 
work he did while on this Commission he re- 

ceived the thanks of Lord Milner and the 
Govt. He has been appointed as one of 
the two Natal Commissioners on the South 
African Native Commission. He is largely 
interested in the Natal Estâtes Co., Ltd., holding 
the position of Managing Director ; he is àlso 
acting Chairman of the Tongskat Central Sugar 
Co., Ltd., and the Molassine Meal Co., Ltd., 
and is Director of the Elandslaagte, Ltd. 
Mr. Campbell has travelled largely in S.A, 
and in 1871 left the Cape for the Victoria Falls, 
but just failed to reach them through fever and 
scarcity of water. In the early days he shot a 
great deal over Zululand, and won the cup given 
by the Natal Gun Club for the best shot in 1871. 
He married, in 1877, Ellen Blamey. 

CAMPBELL, Capt. SAMUEii Geoboi:, Natal 
Vol. Med. Corps, J.P., of Camdonagh, Musgrave 
Road, Durban, cuid the Durban Club, was bom 
at Muckle Neuk, Victoria Co., Natal, July 26, 
1861. He is the son of William Campbell, of 
Muckle Neuk, a NatcJ sugar planter, and was 
educated at Hermansberg, and Bish(^'s Coll., 
Natal, and at Edinburgh and Vienna Universi- 
ties, graduating M.D. Edin., F.R.C.S. Edin., 
M.R.C.S. Lond., and D.P.H. Edin. He served 
in the Natal Civil Service as Dist. Surgeon euad 
Indian Med. Offîcer 1883-6 ; was Med. Officer 
of Health, Durban, 1890-1902, and served with 
the Natal Volunteer Med. Corps during the Bœr 
War (Siège of Ladysmith). He is member of 
the Durban HospitaJ Board, and J.P. (Natal). 

Capt. Campbell played in the Rugby Fifteen 
at Edin. University in 1879, and was elected 
Capt. of the Durban Polo Club, 1903. He 
mcuried, in 1886, Margaret W., dau. of Jas. 
Dunnachie, J.P., of Glenboig, Scotlemd. 

CANNELL, Camebon Coblett, F.R.G.S., 
M.R.C.I., of Heatherdene, Bagshot, of Salisbury 
House, London, E.C., and of the Blenheim, 
Sunningdale Golf, and other Clubs, was bom 
at Grahamstown, Cape Colony, in 1862, and 
W61S educated at Grahamstown and Port Alfred. 
Mr. Cannell weis one of the early pioneers of the 
Rand, where he joined the Johannesburg firin 
of B. M. Woolan & Co. Coming to England, 
Mr. Ceuinell took up the London Agenoy of 
several companies controlled by the Woollaa 
group, and very soon entered a laxger sphère of 
usef ulness, greatly extending his interests in fhe 
Tretnsvaal and Rhodesia. He is a Director of 
the Consolidated Rand-Rhodesia Trust, the 
Bulawayo Estate and Trust, the Elandsfonteîn 
Deep, Monastery Diamond Mines, the Eiir- 

Anglo-African Who's Who 



african Corporation, Belfast G.M. Co., the Rand 
Investment Corporation, and the ''Africftn Re- 
yiew." In the early days of the late S. A. War 
he acted as Hon. Capt. on the H. Q. Stafî of 
the Army Remount Dept. (1899). He is keen 
on shooting, hunting, and motoring, and married, 
in 1891, Miss Eva Bright. 

CARDEN, John Cboil, of Redhouse and 
Port Elizabeth, Cape Colony, and of the River 
Club, is the 2nd son of the late Maj.-Gen. 
George Carden, who commanded the 2nd Batt. 
of the Fifth Northumberland Fusiliers. He W6is 
bom August 3, 1870, at Glasgow, Scotland, and 
was educated at LlandafE, S. Wales. Mr. Carden 
is well known in sporting and dramatic circles. 
In 189^3 he was Près, of the Eastem Province 
Rugby Footbfidl Union, and in the latter year 
he was président of the South African Swinuning 
Union. He is the stage maaager and one of the 
f ounders of the Port Elizabeth Amateur Operatic 
Club. Ai ter a successful business career he is 
now junior partner in the old established mer- 
chant house of Blaine & Co., at Port Elizabeth. 
He married, Nov. 15, 1894, Amy, dau. of the 
late WiUiam Caldwell EUiot. 

CARNWALL, Mosbs, J.P., Hon. Assoc. of the 
Order of St. John of Jérusalem, of Erinville, 
Kimberley, and the Kimberley Club, was bom 
in Dublin, July 6, 1841. He is son of Wm. 
Camwall of Dublin, by his wife May Teresa, 
dau. of Moses d'Arcy of Wexford, Ireland. He 
emigrated to S.A. in 1859, and was one of the 
early settlers in the Diamond Fields in 1870. 
He was Mayor^'of Kimberley in 1881, 1882, and 
1898 ; represented the district of Kimberley in 
the Cape House of Assembly from 1884-1888. 
He was for many yecurs member of the Borough 
Council and Divisional Council ; is chairman of 
the Kimberley Hospital Board, the Public 
Library, and the Rhodes Mémorial Committee. 
Mr. Camwall served in the Griqualeuid West 
War of 1878 as a volimteer (medal and clasp), 
and during the Boer Wax he served in the Kim- 
berley Town Guard (medeJ and clasp and Mayor's 
siège medal). He married, Feb. 29, 1864, Mar- 
garet, dau. of Wm. Lundie, of Co. Monaghan, 

CARRINGTON, Maj.-Gisn. Sib Fbedebick, 
K.C.B., K.C.M.G., of Perrott's Brook, Ciren- 
cester, and of the Naval and Military Club, was 
bom at Cheltenhcun, Aug. 23, 1844, and is son 
of Edmund Çarrington, J.P. of that town. Sir 
Frederick was educated at Cheltenham, and 

passed into the army at the âge of nineteen, al^ 
has seen very considérable service in S.A. e^ 
since 1875, when he organized and commandii 
the Mounted Infantry in the Griqualand W|l 
Expédition. In 1877 he raised and commandé 
the F.L.H. in the Kafir War, âghting in O) 
battle of Quintana and in the later opération 
in the Transkei and the Péri Bush (despatche8[ 
He aiso commcuided the Transvaàl Volunteé 
forces again Sekukuni in 1878-9 (despatchâl 
medal with clasp, brevs. of Maj. and Lt.-CoL 
C.M.G.). During the siège of Mafeteng by tb 
Basutos he wa,s in command of the C.M.R., euçix 
later, in the Basuto War, he had command o: 
the Colonial forces, and was severely wounded 
Sir Frederick commanded the 2nd Mounteë 
Rifles in 1884r-5, and was commandant of Nativ€ 
Levies in Zululand in 1888. He then com- 
manded the B.B.P. until 1893, when he was 
appointed Military Adviser to the High Com- 
missioner during the flrst Matabele War. Hé 
commanded the Infantry Brigade at Gibraltar 
from May, 1895, until March, 1899, with a brief 
interval in *96, when he commanded the troops 
in the Matabele Rébellion of 1896. With the 
local rcuik of Lient. -Gen., Sir Frederick com- 
manded the Rhodesian Field Force in the S.A. 
War, Feb. 1900, to April, 1901, taking part in 
the opérations in Rhodesia, Western Transvaàl, 
including the actions at Eleuads River, the Cape 
Colony, and the North of the O.R.C. Oen. 
Çarrington married, Nov. 18, 1897, Miss Susaja 
Margaret Elwes. 

CARSWELL, R. G., of the Port Elizabeth 
Swimming Club. In the 1903 S. A. Swim- 
ming Championships he was second to E. M. 
Weam (q.v.) in both the 500 and 200 yards, 
his time being 7 min. 24 4-5 secs, for the former. 
In the latter he was only beaten by a couple of 

CARTER, Edoab Bonham. (^ee E. Bonham- 

CARTER, Rev. James, M. A., was Precentor 
of Grahamstown Cathedral from 1890 to 1893, 
after which he was for seven years Rector of 
St. Paul's, Port Elizabeth, subsequently holding 
the living of Graaff Reinet. He was appointed 
to the living of Plymbridge, near Stonehouse, in 

CARTER, RiOHT Rev. William Mabl- 
BOBOUGH, Bishop of Pretoria, D.D. (Oxon.), 
of Bishop's HoTise, Pretoria, and Beechwood 


Anglo-Africah Who's Who 

Houae, Hqok Street, Johajuiesbiirg, ia the aon 
of tha Rcv. W. A. Carter, tate Fellow of Eton 
Coll. He waa bom in 1350 at Eton, and edu- 
cated at Eton and Penibroke Collège. Oxon. 
He vas ordomed m IBT4 by Bishop Sdwyn, oF 
Uohfield, Eind was appointed ourat« of Christ 
Chureh, Weat Brotnwieh. He took charge of 
ttie Eton Mission, HaokneyWick, B., frum 1S80- 
91, during which tïme the nûsson greatly Hour- 
iabed and the nanve of Biahop Carter became a 
household wortl. In 1B91 ho woa appoïntod 
Bishop of ZuliUand, but after a year'a services 
in thifl diooeae he received the appointment of 
Bishop oE Pretoriii, 1902, 

CABTWBIQHT, Albeet. of Rosebanfc, noar 
Cape Town, was born at Manchester, Eng., 
Dec. 25, 18G8, and is the son of a Lancaahire 
booliHeller. Ediicated at Davyhuiine Wesleyan 
Qram. Sch., Lancs., he emigrated to the Cape 
aC the beginning of 1S89 ; served three years on 
the Bla£f of the " Cape Times" ; Ihea founded a 
waekly paper,"The South African," now defunct ; 
became sub-ed. end afterwards asst.-ed. of the 
" Johannesburg Star," trom which paper he re- 
■igaod in connexion with the Raid ; then edited 
the " Kimberley Advertiser," until in 1898 that 
paper's pro-Rhodes policy neoessitated a change 
in the editorial dicectjqn. In 1889 ho became 
Srat oditor of the " South Africon News," and waa 
eontenced durïng the war to a year's imprïaon- 
tnent for reproducing from Engliah popera the 
ietter of an anonymoua Britîsh offlcer, aaserting 
that he had received orders, should he overtako 
Gen. de Wet, to take no priaonera. In 1903 
Prof. Fremantle (q.v.) became assocïated with 
Mr. Cactwright in the editorshïp of the " South 
African Ne wH," He tnarried in 1901, Anne, dau. 
ot Christophcr H. Robertaon, Bhipbuilder, of 
Cape Town. 

CARTWRIGHT, John Dban. M.L.A., waa 
returaed to the Cape Parliament as ono ot the 
Progreaaive représentatives ot Cape Town at the 
gênerai élection in Feb., 1004. 

CASEMENT, Thomas, waa Acting Commit-- 
BJoner of Mines at Barberton for nearly two years 
■wlien (in 1902) he WB-t called to Johannesburg 
to take up on important ponïtlon in the Mines 

CATLIN, RoBEBT Mavo, of Vermont, Nevada, 
Califomia;. of Johanneaburg ; and tbo Rand 
and New Clnba, Johannesburg, waa bom al 

Burhn|j;ton, Vermont, June 3, 1853, and ia of 
Englisii doBcent. He was educated at tho 
Univeraity of Vermont. Since 1875 he ha» been 
managing mines, includlng the Navajo, Belle 
Isie, N. Belle laie, Commonwealth, Nevada 
Queen, N. Commonwealth, Del Monte. Inde- 
pendonca and Mardin in America, and ùnce 
1SB5 he has been Gen, Manager for the Deep 
Lovel Coa. of tho Consolidated Gold Fieldfl ot 
S.A., Ltd. in Johannesburg. He was elected 
Près, of the Association of Mine Managers of 
the Witwatererand (1903), and Pcea. ot the 
Mechanical Enginoers Aaaoc. of the Witwaters- 
rand (1903). Mr. Catlin was married to Uisa 
Ann E. Robertaon, June 15, 1882. 

CAVE, Basil Sfullito, C.B.. M.B,A.C., 
F.R.G.S., of the Britiah Agency, Zajizibar ; ot 
11, RedutiiTe Square. London, ^W., and of the 
St. James' Club and M.CC, #8» bom at Mill 
Hill, Middleseï, Nov. 14, 1865 ; ia youngest Bon 
of the lat« Thos. Cave, M.P. for Bamstaple, 
1885-80, of Richmond, Siurey ; and was edu- 
cated at Merchant Taylora' Sch. and the Royal 
Agricultural Coll., Cirencester, nf whioh latter 
he is a member by eKamination, aa he ia aleo ol 
the Royal AgriciilturBl Society ot Irsland. 
He became Profeaaiooal AssociabB of the Sur- 
veyora' Institution, in 18S5; was appointed 
Vioe-ConBul for B.E.A.. Mch. 20, 1891 ; Conaul 
for Zanzibar, June 1, 1895; has trequeatly 
octed aa Agent aud Consul-Oen. al Zanzibar 
aince 1896 ; waa member ot the Council of the 
East Africa Proteotorate from June 1896 to Jwi. 
Î897, ond from Apr.-Deo. 1899, and was aoting 
Près, from October to Dec. 1897, Mr. Cave 
was decorated for aervïce in connexion with tho 
attempt of Seyzid Khaled to usurp the Sultanats 
in 1896, and the subséquent bombardment of 
the Palace. He also weora the CoronatioD 
Medal (1902], aud was Près, of tlie International 
Maritime Slave Trade Bureau at Zanzibar in 
1903. He married, Feb. 19, 1892, Mary, 
younger dau, of the Rev. J. B. McClellan, Princi- 
pal of the Royal Agricultural Coll., Cirencester. 

CAWSTON, Oeoboë, of 56, Dpper Brook 
Street, W., and of the Maoor HooBe, Cawaton, 
Norfolk, was bom Feb. 13, 1851. He ie son ot 
the lat« S. W. Cawslon, and has been a member 
of the London Stock Exchange since 1872. Ho 
is alao a member of the Inner Temple, and woa 
caUed to the Bar îu 18H1. 

Mr, Cawaton took an intoreat in South Afrioa 
dicectly after Sir Hercules RobinHon made tho 
so-calledtreaty.with LobengulaonFeb. 11, 1888, 



Anglo-African Who's Who 

by which the latter aeknowledged the supremcMîy 
of Great Brîtedn in Matabeleland. Mr. J. Scott 
Keltie, in his book, *' The Partition of Africa," 
Baya it would seem that the first person to actually 
step forw£Lrd and make proposais to the British 
Govemment with regard to obtaining conces- 
sions in Matabeleland was Mr. George Cawston, 
who on May 4, 1888, wrote to the Colonial 
Office, as printed in the South Africcui Blue Book : 
" It is the intention of myself in conjunction 
with others to send a représentative to Matabele- 
land to negotiate with Lobengula for a treaty 
for trading, mining, and gênerai purposes." 
Fnrther correspondence took place between Lord 
Knutsford and Mr. George Cawston and his 
friends, with the resuit that the Exploring 
Company was formed for the purpose. But, 
adds Mr. Keltie, though Mr. Cawston seems to 
hâve been the first to approach the Govt., and 
although he lost no time, after he had satisfied 
the Colonial Office, in sending out Mr. Maund, 
another compÉiny or syndicate, the moving 
spirit of which w£is Mr. Rhodes, was already 
on the spot, and thus had the advantage of him. 
An arrangement between thèse syndicates was 
subsequently come to, and the Exploring Co. 
applied to H.M. Govt. for the grant of the 
Charter, which was made on Oct. 31, 1889. 
Mr. Cawston was one of the signatories of the 
application for the Charter, cuid became one of 
the first directors. He remained on the Board 
until the directors had met their shareholders 
after the Raid, and then resigned. 

CELLIERS, J. F., was at one time éditer 
of the Dutch paper "De Volksstem." At the 
chaotic time when the S, A.R. was annexcd by 
Sir T. Shepstone, he did much to bring 
the burghers to an appréciation of the 
condition of the country, which called for con- 
fédération or euinexation. He advocated the 
latter in préférence to the then desperate con- 
dition of his country. Nevertheless, two years 
later he was put in prison by Col. Sir O. Lanyon 
on a charge of sédition, because he attacked the 
Administration for its f ailure to keep the promises 
made at the time of annexation. 

CHAKOUR, Joseph Gabriel, Pacha, Grand 
Officer of the Medjedieh (Turkish), Commander 
of Sts. Maurice and Lazarus of Italy, Com- 
mander of the Grecian Order of the Saviour ; 
of the Oriental Club, Cairo, w€w bom at Alex- 
andria, July 7, 1855. He is son of Gabriel 
Chakour and Assine Dahan, and was educated 
at Lyons, France, receiving the diploma of the 


French University. Chakour Pacha entecii 
the Ministry of France under the Khedivî 
Govt. on Jan. 1, 1877, and took an. active pa| 
in the reorganization of that dept. imder ^ 
British Administration. He published eever^ 
Works on real estate, and the assessment of th 
land taxes in Egypt. In 1890 he had charge o 
the organization of the Municipality of Alex 
andria — ^the first and only institution of thi 
kind in Egypt in which the foreign colonies thei 
established in Alexeuadria were combined witt 
the native élément for ad r inistering the affaizf 
of the city. In 1892 he was appointed Director* 
Gen. of the Municipality with the office of Près, 
of the Executive. It was under his administra- 
tion that the town was most f uUy developed by 
the opening up of roads and tramways, the 
installation of the eleotric light, construction of 
quays, resulting in the most beautiful promenade 
of Alexandria, and by the création of a fine 
quarter formed on land previously intended for 
the deposit of town rubbish. He occupied thia 
position for eleven years, during which period 
he was frequently conmiended in the reports of 
Lord Cromer. At the beginning of 1903 Chakour 
Pacha retired from the service of the Egyptian 
Govt., sinoe when he has devoted himself to 
financial, and more especially to industrial 
affairs. He married, Nov. 30, 1879, Sophie von 
Reinlein von Rautenbough. 

CHAMBERS, Charles Roland, J.P. for 
Richmond (C.C.) and Smithfield (O.R.C.), of 
Middlemount, Richmond District, Cape Colony. 
He is the son of S. H. Chambers, Barrister-at- 
Law, Inner Temple, and his mother was one of 
the family of Hares, of Hurstmonceaux Castle, 
Sussex. His grandfather was Sir Charles H. 
Chambers, Puisne Judge, Bombay, and his 
grandfather on the maternai side was Captain 
Marcus Hare, R.N. of Court Grange, Newton, 
Devon. He was bom Nov. 1, 1863, in London, 
and wfitô educat^ at Tonbridge Sch. and 
Clifton Coll. He went to Cape Colony in 1889 
and purchased the property of Middlemount, 
in the District of Richmond, and was appointed 
a J.P. in 1893. On the S.A. War breaking out 
he served in the Transport Service under General 
Paget with the 20th Brigade at Lindley, Bethle- 
hem, etc., and subsequently in the Northern 
Transvaal. He joined the Scouts, and was oom- 
missioned in the S. African Irregular Forces 
as Lient. He was with the colunuis in O.R.C. 
and Western Transvaal, cmd was finally trcuas- 
ferred to the Field Intelligence Department and 
given the rank of Capt. At the conclusion 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

of hostilities he was appointed Près, of the 
Bepatriation Commission for the District of 
Smithfield, O.R.C., by the Govemor of the 
Colony, and subsequently Administrator of 
Belief for the same District. He has the Queen's 
medal and three clasps, and the King's medal 
and two clasps. He married Ruby Mabel 
Montagu, dau. of John Montagu, and great- 
granddau. of John Montcigu, Colonial Sec. 
of Cape Colony. 

CHOLES, Majob Frederick John, F.R.G.S., 
F.I.Inst., F.R.C.I., of Scott St., Pietermaritz- 
burg, third son of Jaâ. Choies, of Devizes, 
Wilts, was bom at Wolverhampton, Stafford- 
shire, Dec. 24, 1847. He was educated at the 
Wolverhampton Gram. Sch., and received 
a practical traming as an engineer in the London 
& N.W. Locomotive Engineering Depts. In 
1869 he w£is selected by the late Maj.-Gen. 
Worgan, R.A., Inspector-Gen. of Ordnance, 
Bombay, for spécial duty in connection with the 
Powder Mills and Ammunition Factories at 
Kirkee, India. Subsequently his services were 
solicited at the Grand Arsenal and Government 
Dockyards, Bombay, to supervise the érection 
of the 18-ton guns for H.M. turret ships, 
Abyaainia and Magdala, of the Bombay Harbour 
Defence. In 1874 he was again sent forward on 
spécial duty to the arsenals at Mhow and 
Neemich, Central India. In 1879 he was the 
successful candidate from among nearly 200 
applicants for the post of Ordnance Officer, 
Natal Volunteer Dept., which he now holds. 

Owing to his many years of expérience and 
his natural abilities for the spécial duties per- 
taining to Ordnance work, he has brought the 
Ordnance branch of the Natal Volunteer Dept., 
of which he is the chief , from its infancy to a state 
of effîciency, and as far as practicable up to 
date in ail détails of military requirements. In 
1899, he had the responsibility of equipping the 
Volunteers, and putting forward the mobiliza- 
tion stores for the whole of the Natal Force, 
which were railed at Pietermaritzburg for 
Ladysmith within 24 hours from the time 
instructions were received for mobilization. In 
Sept, and Oct. of the same year, he equipped 
those Smart Irregular Corps, the Impérial Light 
Horse, Bethune*s M.I., and Thomeycroft*s M.I. 
He was at the base of opérations, Pietermaritz- 
burg, during the S.A. War, Sept. 13, 1899, 
to May 31, 1902 (Queen's and King's medals). 
H& married Johanna Jfikne, third dau. of 
Edward {md Mary Yale of XJpper dapton, 
London, on Sept. 6, 1880. 

CILLIE, Petrus Johannbs, M.L.A. is mem- 
ber of the Cape Législative Assembly for the 
Paarl, and was last re-elected at the gênerai 
élection in Feb., 1904. He sits in the Bond 

CLARK, GowAN Cresswell Stranob, 
C.M.G., J.P., of Cape Town, son of the late 
Gowan Clark, of Shrewsbury, was bom at 
Leominster, Herefordshire, Nov. 7, 1856 ; was 
educated at Aberystwith and Ystradoncurig. 
He was for some time in the Prince Alfred' s 
Guards, in which he rose to the brevet rank of 
Lient. -Col. He has now resigned his com- 
mission in that corps ; he wears the Volunteer 
Officers' Décoration ; is Chief Traffîc Mcmager 
of the Cape Govt. Railways ; and a Justice of 
the Peace. He married Apr. 9, 1885, Miss 
Caroline Ann Kemsley. 

CLARK, Robert Douglas, of The Oeto, 
Maritzburg, Natal ; the Impérial Colonies Club, 
London; the Victoria Club, P.M.B., and the 
Maritzburg and Durban Savage Clubs, was bom 
at Benhokn, Scotland, May 19, 1846. He is 
the 2nd son of David Clark, by his wife Jean 
Dundas, dau. of William Dundas and Margaret 
Ramsay. He was educated at Moray House^ 
Edin. University, New Coll. Oxford, and at the 
Universities of Gôttingen and Bonn-£un-Rhein, 
graduating M. A. Edin. and New Coll. In 1878 
he was appointed Asst. Prof, of Latin at Edin. 
University. He was principal of the Maritz- 
burg Coll. from 1879 to 1902 ; is a Barrister-at- 
Law (Inner Temple) ; Advocate of the Suprême 
Court of Natal ; and Member of the Council of 
the University of the Cape of Good Hope. H© 
is also Près, of the Caledonian and Natal 
Societies, and of the Savage Club, Maritzburg, 
and w£is for some time Capt. of the Scottish 
Comp. of the Natal Royal Rifles. In Meusonry 
he is a Past District Grand Master of Natal, 
etc. Mr. Clark had the distinction of having 
" A Burger Quixote '* inscribed to him for his 
"culture, wit and humour which hâve estab- 
lished alitercury standard in South Africa." Mr. 
Clark is a lover of books and the billia«rd table. 
He married, July 3, 1882, Caroline Georgina 
Warrender, youngest dau. of Gen. Sir WiUiam 
Sewell, K.C.B., and nièce of Sir Hew Dalrymple, 
Beat., of Luchie House, N.B. 

CLARKE, Major William James, of the 
Victoria Club, Maritzburg, joined the Nated 
Mounted Police in Apr. 1878. He proceeded 
to the Zulu Border in Nov. of that year and 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

crossed the Buâcdo River with the column 
under Lord Chelmsford; in Je^i. 1879, was with 
the reconnoitring peoty under Major Deotnell 
when the Zulus attacked and captured the 
camp at Isandhlweuia, and was with the escort 
whioh oonveyed the remains of the late Prince 
Impérial to Durbsua for embarkation ; served 
with the gsurrisons of Borke's Drift and Help- 
makaar mitil Gen. Sir Gamet Wolseley surived, 
when the N.M.P. fumished his escort to Ulundi ; 
joined the escort which accompanied the ex- 
Empress of the French on her tour through 
Natal and Zululand in 1880 ; served with the 
N.M.P. on the Bcksutoland Border during the 
war of 1880. Was with the column under 
Gen. Colley in the Boer War of 1881, and was 
présent at the battle of Laing's Nek ; was with 
detachment of N.M.P. on the Zululand Border 
in 1884 during the disturbsuaces in that country. 
He accompanied mission to Pondoland in 1887 
to get treaty signed ; joined Col. Martin on the 
British Mission to Amatongaland in 1888, and 
was also with that officer on the Swazi-Portuguese 
Boundary Commission in the same year ; was 
on the Pondoland Border during the fîghting 
of 1890-1 and 189^4, and was sent on a speciid 
mission into that country to confer with the 
Pareunount Chief. Was associated with Col. 
Dartnell in the reorg€Uiization of the Police 
Forces in 1894, and was entrusted with the 
organization of the Criminal Investigation 
Department, of which he is still the head, with 
the rank of Inspector in the Natal Police. He 
conmianded the newly raised Field Force which 
was despatched early in 1897 to protect the 
Southern Border during Native disturbsuaces 
in East GriqucJand, and afterwards marched 
north to Zululand when that country was 
cuinexed to Natal. He met Dinizulu and other 
Zulu Chiefs on their retum from banishment at 
St. Helena, and accompanied them to their 
homes. Shortly before the outbreak of the 
S.A. War in 1899, Inspt. darke was again 
transferred to the Field Force and commanded 
a detachment at Ladysmith before, and during, 
the siège of that town ; was présent at the 
action at Bietfontein, the capture of Boer guns 
on Gun HiU, and the action at Caesar's Camp 
on Jan. 6, 1900 ; acted as guide to the Cavalry 
Brigade at the capture ef Botha*s Pass in June 
1900, and was thereafter employed on work in 
connection with Field Intelligence, with the 
local rank of Major. He served with Gen. 
Dartnell, as Intelligence Officer, during Gen. 
French's opérations in the Eastem Tracmsval 
in 1901, and later with Gen. Bullock in the same 

capacity and in the scune district. He wi 
sent by Gen. French on a spécial mission î 
Zululand, where the colunms were working o^ 
that border ; was Intelligence Officer to G^ 
Deotnell in the O.B.C. during the latter part 

1901. Early in 1902, he was again sent init 
Zululand on another E^ecial mission, and ww 
then appointed Intelhgence Officer to Gen, 
Bruce Hamilton, in place of Col. WooUs-Samp* 
son. Shortly before the close of hostilities, hc 
retumed to Natal to accompany the Primç 
Minister to England, in the capacity of Secy., to 
attend the Coronation of H.M. King Edward VU. 

Major Clarke has received the folio wing 
medcJs — ^the Coronation medcd of 1902, the 
Zulu War medal with " 1879 " clasp, the S.A. 
General Service medcd with bar for Basutoland, 
the Queen's meded for the S.A. War, with 4 
clasps, and the King's medal, with 2 clasps, 
He is a J.P* for the Colony, and has acted, on 
several occasions, as H.M. and Administrator 
of Native Law. He introduced into Natal the 
System of identification by means of finger 
prints, in the classification of which he has 
qualified as an expert. Major Clarke married, in 
1889, the eldestdau. of Major Giles, magistrate 
of Bichmond, and late of the 14th Huss€u:s. For 
many yectrs, Mr. Clarke took great interest in 
racing, and he established a record in S.A, 
by riding seven winners in one day at the Lady- 
smith meeting in 1893. 

CLOETE, Hendbik, M.L.A., J.P., C.M.G., 
of Alphen, Wynberg, C.C, and of the Civil 
Service (C.T.), Band and Pretoria Clubs, was 
bom at Wynberg in 1851. He is the eldest 
surviving son of the late Dirk Cloete, J.P., 
of Wynberg, and was educated at the Diocesan 
Coll., Bondebosch. He was called to the 
Bar, Inner Temple, in 1877 ; Advocate of the 
Suprême Court in 1878, and joined the Trans- 
vaal Bar in 1879. He served as Lient, and 
Adjt. of Volunteers cmd was présent at varions 
engagements around Pretoria in the Transvaal 
War of 1880-81. After the Jameson Baid he 
succeeded Sir J. de Wet in May, 1896, as 
British Agent in the Transvaal, and was deco- 
rated with the C.M.G. for his services. In Nov. 

1902, he was retumed unopposed as Progressive 
member for Wynberg in the Cape Assembly, 
and was re-elected in Feb. 1904. His récréations 
are cricket, tennis, rowing, and shooting. He 
married, in 1893, the eldest dau. of the late 
Bev. Van Warmelo. 

COCHBANE, Col. William Fbancis Dun- 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

DONAUD, C.B. (1898), Order of the Medjidieh, 
3rd Class, of the Naval and Militcu7 Club, was 
bom in Wiltahire, Aug. 7, 1847. He is son of 
the late Col. W. M. Cochrcme, and grand- 
nephew of the famous Admirai Cochrane, lOth 
Earl of Dundonald, inventor of the '* secret 
war plsua '* declared to be capable of destroying 
any âeet or fortress in the world. 

Col. W. F. D. Cochr€uie was eduoated at 
Kensington School and Scmdhurst, passing in 
1866 into the Duke of Comwall's Light Inf€ui- 
try, of the Ist Batt. of which he was adjutant 
for many years. From 1879 to 1882 he was 
A.A.G. and C.S.O. of the Cape Colonial Forces, 
during which time the colony was engaged in a 
séries of wctrs, commencing with the Morosi 
fiffair and ending with the Eaât Qriqualand, 
Tembuland, and Basuto rebellions. He served 
through the Zulu war at first as Staff Offîcer to 
Col. Dumford, and was one of the few sur- 
vivors from Isandhlwana. He then obtained 
the command of the Natal Native Horse, and 
was présent at Kambula, Z'iobane Mountcûn, 
and Ulundi (medals for Zulu, Basuto, and 
Tranâkei wars), his services being brought to 
the notice of the Colonial and Impérial Govts. 
In 1882 he received a brevet majority, and took 
part in the £g3rptian War of that year. (Medal. ) 

From 1883 to 1887 he filled the appointment 
of D.A.A.G., China and theStraits Settlements ; 
waa D.A.Q.M.G., Headquarters Staff, Ireland, 
in 1887-8; and from 1890 to 1892 he acted as 
Asst. Mil. Secy. to Sir W. Gordon Cameron, 
K.C.B., then commanding in S.A., which 
appointment he resigned on being selected to 
conmiand a brigade in the Egyptisua Army, in 
which he served from 1893 to 1898. At the 
time of the Dongola advance he was in com- 
mand of the Line of Communication (Sudcm 
Medcd), and was afterwards appointed first 
Govemor of the Nubia Province. From 1900 he 
was C.S.O. for the Belfast Dist. until his retire- 
ment from the Army in 1903. Col. Cochrane 
married in 1893, Carola, dau. or the late T. H. 
Môller, of Hamburg. 

COLE, Phhjp Tennyson, of St. Leonards, 
and Addison Studios, Kensington, and the 
Royal Colonicd Institute, was bom in Harrington 
Square, London, on May 30, 1862, and comes 
of a family of painters, his father, grand- 
father, and great-grand-uncles having Ckll been 
well known artists. Mr. Tennyson Cole was 
educated at Chiswick Coll., Middlesex, and 
applied himself ecurly to the study of art, 
oxhibiting in London at the âge of 20. He 

heus spent some years in Australie^ New Zea* 
land, Tasmania, and S.A., painting the 
portraits of Colonial oelebrities, incloding 
Lord Milner and the late Mr. Cecil Bhodes. 
In 1900 hé cMscompanied Dr. Cari Peters 
on his second expédition up the ZambeaL He 
was married: first, in Apr. 1884, to Miss 
Alice Mary Saintsbury, who died in Australia 
in Apr. 1893; and second, Apr. 18, 1894, to Misa 
Hetty Binstesbd. 

COLENBRANDER, Lieut.-Col. Johak 
William, C.B., of Bulawayo, and of the Bula- 
wayo and Rsuad Clubs, is of Dutch extraction ; 
was bom at Pine Town, Natal, on Nov. 1, 
1858 ; and was educated at New Guelderlemd, 
Natal. Col. Colenbrander has for many 
years been associated with Bhodesia. Long 
bef ore the country came under the œgis of the 
Chartered Co. he hunted cuid traded with the 
natives, gaining a knowledge of the country 
and its chiefs, which stood him in good stead 
during the two Matabele wars. He served in 
the Zulu War, the Matabele War of 1893, oom- 
manded a corps of *' Friendlies '* in the Mata- 
bele Rébellion of 1896, and subsequently played 
a prominent part in negotiating peace with the 
Indunas in the Matoppos. In the S.A. War 
1899-1902 he raised and commanded the Ist 
Regt. of Kitchener's Fighting Scouts (1,200 
strong), doing excellent work throughout in 
the Northern Treuisvaal and Cape Colony. 

Col. Colenbrander has been twice married, 
his second wife (who died in Apr. 1904) having 
been Yvonne Winifred, dau. of Capt. Loftus 
Nunn, late of H.M. 99th Regt., and sister-in- 
law to Capt. Cassell, Adjt. of the Southern 
Rhodesia Volunteers. 

COLLEY, Capt. Gebald Henry Pombboy, 
3rd Royal Irish Regt., of Boksburg, Transvaal, 
and Mount Temple, Clontarf, co. Dublin, was 
bom at Lucan, Dublin, and educated at Hcûley^ 
bury. He was successively A.D.C. to Sir 
Henry A. Blake, Govemor of Jamaica ; A.D.C. 
and Priv. Secy. to Sir Augustus L. Hemming, 
Govemor of Jamaica ; and Inspector of Jamaica 
Constabulary. He served through the S.A. 
War with the Ist M.I. as Spécial Service Officer 
(Queen's and King's medals) ; was later ap- 
pointed Military Magistrate at Boksburg, under 
the Military Govemor of Johannesburg, £uid is 
at présent Asst. R.M. at Boksburg. 

COLVILE, Maj.-Gen. Sm Henby Edward, 
K.C.M.G., C.B., of Lightwater, Bagshot ; Lui- 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

lington, Burton-on-Trent ; Grangewood House, 
Ashby-de-la-Zouch ; 80, South Audley Street, W.; 
€uid of the 6uards% Travellers% Beef steak. 
Automobile, and Aero Clubs, and member of 
the Royal Yacht Squ£uiron, son of the late Col. 
Chas. B. Colvile, J.P., D.L., and M.P. for S. 
Derbydiire, and Katherine, dau. of 23rd 
Baroness de Clifford and Capt. Jn. Bussell, 
B.N^, was bom at Kirkley Hall, Hinckley, 
Leicestershire, July 10, 1852. He was educated 
at Eton and privately in Switzerlcuid and 
France, meanwhile travelling about consider- 
ably with his father on yachting cruises. Sir 
Henry entered the Grencidier Guards in 1870. 
In 1878 he undertook a joumey to Morocco, 
explored the Bifî country, and was the first 
Europesua to cross from Fez to Algeria, his 
account of which, " A Bide in Petticoats and 
Slippers,'* was published in 1879. In 1880 he 
was appointed A.D.C. to Gen. the Hon. Sir 
Leicester Smythe, who then commanded the 
British forces at the Cape. He resigned this on 
attaining his Captaincy, and shortly after took 
part in an expédition to siurvey and report upon 
the country between the Dead Sea €uia the Gulf 
of Akabah. This accomplished, he was ap- 
pointed to Sir F. Stevenson's Intelligence 
Department at Cairo, joined the Suakim Ex- 
pédition in 1884, and was présent at El Teb and 
Tamai, receiving medal and clasp, the Khedival 
Star, and being twice mentioned in despatches. 
After retuming to England, he was selected for 
a spécial mission to survey the Arbain Boad 
and report on the possibility of the Mahdi 
invading Egypt by thiB route. Having reported 
in the négative, he was detailed for further 
importcuit work in the Sudsua bef ore and during 
Lord Wolseley's expédition, mecmwhile being 
promoted Lient. -Col. For thèse services he 
w£is mentioned in despatches (clasp and C.B.). 
He was next Chief of the Intelligence Depart- 
ment of the Frontier Field Force, was présent 
at the cMstion at Grennis (despatches), and attained 
Ooloners rcuik. Sir Henry retumed home in 
1866, w€» appointed to the Intelligence Depart- 
ment of the War Office, and wrote the offîcicd 
history of the Sudan Campaign. During a term 
of siok leave he made the tour of South Africa 
.accompsknied by Lady Colvile, who subse- 
■quently published her book, *' Round the Bla<ïk 
Man's Gcffden." Sir Henry also crossed Mada- 
gascar from Antananarivo to Majunga. Early 
in 1893 he went to India, and subsequently as 
Intelligence Offîcer to a British column in 
JBurmah. Thence he was placed in charge at 
Uganda, suad established a post on the Albert 

Nyanza. AU this hard work caused a brei 
down in Col. Colvile*s health, and he returzv 
home, was decorated with the K.C.M.G., Cent 
AMccui medal, and the Stcur of Zanzibar, 'j. 
resumed regimental duty, suad in 1898 w 
gazetted Maj.-Gton. In 1899 he was appointa 
to command the Infantry Brigade in Gibral 
thence being appointed (March, 1900) to coiu- 
mand the 9th Division in S.A. (meded and 
5 clcksps). He was mentioned in despatches 
four times by Lord Methuen and twice by the 
C.I.C. in S.A. for services at Paardeberg 
and Poplar Grove, but it is regretted that his 
military réputation was not enhanced by tho 
incidents of Sanna*8 Post and Lindley. He 
was soon reappointed to Gibraltar by Lord 
Lansdowne, but in February, 1901, was reccdled 
axid placed on retired pay by Mr. Brodrick. 

Sir Henry has also written a description of 
his Arabah exploration entitled, " The Accursed 
Lcuid," " The History of the Soudan Cam- 
paign," "The Land of the Nile Springs," 
describing his Unyoro Expédition, " The Work 
of the Ninth Division," and occasional contri- 
butions to the Press. Sir Henry married : 
first, in 1878, Alice Rosa, daughter of the Hon. 
Robert Daly, who diedin 1882; and second, 
in 1886, Zelie Isabelle, daughter of M. Pierre 
Richard de Preville, of Basses Pyrénées, France. 

COLVIN, Sm Auckland, K.C.S.L, K.C.M.G., 
C.I.E., Grand Cordon of the Orders of Osma- 
nieh and Medjidieh ; of Earl Soham Lodge, 
Framlingham, SuSolk, and of the Traveller's 
Club, is the son of the late John R. Colvin, 
Tndian Civil Service. He was bom March 8, 
1838, in India, suad was educated at Eton, and 
the East India Coll., Haileybury, and entered 
the Tndian Civil Service in 1858. He hss held 
with success a number of Govt. secretaryships 
of import€mce, and was in 1880 appointed a 
member of the International Conunission for 
Egyptian Liquidation, and shortly afterwards 
became the représentative of England under 
the scheme of Anglo-French control. During 
the Arab insurrection Sir Auckland was Coun- 
cillor to the KJiedive. When the dual control 
was abolished in 1883 he became Financicd 
Adviser to the Khédive (1882-3), but shortly 
after he retumed to India as Financial Sec. to 
the Viceroy's Govt., in which capacity he 
introduced an Income-Tax Bill in 1885. In 
1887 he was Lient. -Gen. of the North-West 
Provinces of India, retaining that position till 
1902. He is Chairman of the Burmah Rail- 
ways, of the Egyptian Delta Light Rcdlways, 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

of the Oriental Téléphone Co., of the Khedivial 
Steamship Co., and a Director of the British 
and Chinese Corporation. He married, Aug. 4, 
1859, Charlotte Elizabeth, dau. of Lieut.-Gen. 
Herbert, C.B. 

CONYBEARE, Charles Auoustus Van- 
8ITTABT, of 3, Carlyle Mansions, Cheyne Walk, 
S.W., €uid the National Libéral €uid New Re- 
form Clubs, was bom at Kew, June 1, 1853 ; is 
the eldest son of John Chas. Conybeare, by 
Katherine Mary Vansittart ; was educated at 
Tonbridge and Christ Church, Oxford, where 
he took a Junior Studentship by open com- 
pétition ; Lothian Frize Essayist 1876 ; pub- 
lished Text Books on the Married Women's 
Property Acts and the Corrupt Practices at 
Elections Act ; represented Cambome in Parlia- 
ment 1885-95 ; and is a Director of the Beira 
Junction Bailway, Oceana Development Co., 
N. Charterland Exploration Co., etc. He 
married, Oct. 15, 1896, Florence Annie, 
eldest dau. of Gustave Strauss, of 2, Bolton 
Gardens, W. Kensington. Mrs. Conybeare 
takes sua interest in matters of moment, and 
publidy opposed the Education Act introduced 
by Mr. Balfour's Govt. 

COOPER, Rev. AiiFRED Augustus, M. A., of 
Ibrahamieh, Alexandria, Egypt ; was bom in 
Aberdeenshire, N.B., Oct. 1, 1866 ; was educated 
at Aberdeen Gram. Sch. ; King's Coll., 
Aberdeen, and New Coll., Edin., graduating 
M. A., and taking Ist class Honours in Classical 
Literature. He took Holy Orders as a Mimster 
of the Presbyterian Church of Eng. ; spent 
three and a-h£tlf years in Bengal, and is now 
Agent-Gen. of the B. and F. Bible Soc. for 
Egypt and Sudan, Syria and Palestine, Cyprus, 
Aden, Abyssinia, and E. Airica. He is author 
of " The Story of the Turkish Version** (B. & F. 
B. S., 1901), and " God's Forget-me-Not " 
(EUiot Stock, 1900), and other addresses to 
boys and girls. He married. Sept. 28, 1893, 
Florence, dau. of the late John Howden, of 
Waterloo, Liverpool. 

CORBET, EusTACE Kynaston, M.A. ; of 
Cairo, and the New University Club ; youngest 
son of the late Rev. Andrew Corbett ; was 
bom at South Willingham Rectory, Linc, 
June 22, 1854 ; was educated at Cheltenheun 
Coll. and Balliol Coll., Oxon., where he graduated 
M.A. He was appointed English Secy. to the 
late Khédive, Tewfik Pasha, in July, 1885 ; 
was made Judge in the Native Court of Appeal, 

Apr. 1891 ; and beceune Procureur-Grénéral to 
Native Courts in Nov. 1897. He was decorated 
with the Orders of the Osmanieh (2nd^Class) 
and Medjidieh (3rd Class). ** 

CORNER, Charles, A.M.I.C.E., Assoc. 
Mem. Am. Soc. CE., and Member of the S.A. 
Association for the Advancement of Science; 
of Agorica, Paignton, Devon ; of Gwelo, Rho- 
desia, and of the Salisbury Club, Rhodesia, is 
the son of the Heeulmaster of Wellington 
Academy, now West Somerset Coiinty School. 
He was bom Nov. 1859, at Wellington, Somerset, 
and was educated at Wellington Academy. 
Mr. Corner was Assis. Engineer to the Hctrris- 
burg and San Antonio Railway Company 
(Southern Pacific System) 1881-2-3, during 
construction of 232 mUes of rsôlway ; Assis. 
Engineer to the San Antonio and Aransas Pa>ss 
Railway of Texas, 1884 ; Engineer in charge of 
Graduation, Bridges and Buildings, San Antonio 
and Aransas Pass Rly., 1885-88 (687 miles of 
rly. ) ; Division Engineer in charge of Location, 
French Company of Venezuelan Rly., Com- 
pagnie de Fires-Lille, 1889 (60 kilomètres of 
rly.): Div. Engineer for Sub-Contractors, 
Interoceanic Rly. of Mexico, 1890 (20 kilomètres 
of rly.); Sub. Div. Engineer, with Messrs. 
Reed & Campbell, of Lond. and Mexico, 
Mexican Southern Rly. of Mexico, 1890-91-92 
(23 kilomètres of rly.); Civil Engineer to the 
Railroad Conmiission of Texas, 1893-98, in- 
specting, valuing and reporting on nearly 10,000 
miles of rly., and from 1899 to the présent 
time he has been District Engineer of the 
Beira and Rhodesia rlys. under Sir C. Metcalfe 
and Sir Douglas Fox, Engineer-in-Chief and 
Consulting Engineer respectively. He married, 
Mar. 24, 1887, Margaret Muncey, of San. 
Antonio, Texas, XJ.S.A. 

CORNISH, RiGHT Rev. Chables Edwabd, 
Bishop of Grahamstown, of Bishopsboiime, 
Grahamstown, C.C., is the eldest son of the 
Rev. Charles L. Comish, formerly Fel. of 
Exeter Coll., Oxon. He was bom in London, 
October 9, 1842, and was educated at Upping- 
ham, and Exeter Coll., Oxon. He is M.A. and 
D.D. of Oxon, and M.A. Univ. of the Cape of 
Good Hope. From 1882-9 he was Vicar of 
St. Mary's, Redcliffe, Bristol. He was also 
Rural Desua of Bristol and chaplain to the 
Bishop of Bristol, and still remains Hon. Canon 
of Bristol. In 1899 he left England for the 
purpose of taking up the appointment of 
Bishop of Graheunstown. 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

CORSTORPHINE, Dr. George Steuart, 
B.Sc. (Edln.), Ph.D. (Munich), M. A. ad eund. 
grad, (Cape), of Johannesburg, and of the Rand 
and Athenaeum Clubs, Johannesburg, was bom 
at Edinburgh, Nov. 19, 1865 ; is the eldest son 
of ^ the late^ John Corstorphine of that town, 
where he began his éducation. He is an 
eminent geologist who has had much expérience 
in S.A. in the service of the Cape Colonial 

Dr. Corstorphine was Asst. in the Dept. of 
Geology and Mineralogy at Edin. Univ. 1892-4 ; 
Lecturer on Greology at Heriot-Watt Coll., 
Edin., 1894 ; was appointed first professer of 
Geology and Mineralogy in the S.A. Coll. and 
Keeper of Minerais in the S.A. Muséum, Cape 
Town, in 1895 ; Geologist to the Geological 
Commission, Cape Col., in 1896 ; and Director 
of the Geological Survey, Cape Col., 1901. 
From 1897 to 1902 he was Member of the Coun- 
cil of the University of the Cape of Good Hope, 
and in the latter year he was appointed Con- 
sulting Geologist to the Consolidated Goldfields 
of S.A., Ltd. 

He has published : Reports of the Geological 
Survey, Cape Colony, 1896-1901 ; " The Massive 
Rocks of the Southern Portion of Arran, Scot- 
land,'* in Tchermak's geol. u. min. Mitt., 1896 ; 
" Note on the Age of the Central South African 
Coalfield," in Trans. S.A. Geol. Soc, 1903. He 
married Miss Clara Ursula Hoffman, July 
2, 1896. 

CORYNDON, Robert Thorne ; of Kalomo, 
N.W. Rhodesia ; 2, London Wall Buildings, 
London, E.C., and of the Devonshire (Lond.) 
and Salisbury and Bulawayo (Rhodesia) Clubs ; 
was bom at Queenstown, Cape Colony, Apr. 2, 
1870, and was educated at St. Andrew*8 Coll., 
Grahamstown, C.C, and at Cheltenham Coll., 
Eng. He joined the B.B.P. in Nov. 1889, and 
the Mashonaland Pioneer Force in June, 1890, 
serving in the Matabele War of 1893 and the 
Matabele Rébellion of 1896 (medal and clasp). 
Prier to this date Mr. Coryndon spent some 
years hunting big game, and in the office of 
the Surveyor-Gen. in Salisbury, Mashonaland. 
In one of his hunting expéditions he shot two 
spécimens of the almost extinct white rhino- 
céros. In June, 1897, he took charge of the 
B.S.A. Co.*s expédition to LeaJui, Barotseland, 
and became British Résident with the Barotse 
chief , Lewanika. He was appointed Adminis- 
trator of N.W. Rhodesia in 1900. Unmarried. 

COSTER, Dr, BJEiRMANUS Jacob, was bom 

in Holland. He was State Atomey 
the late S.A.R. and ex-officio J.P. He pr 
cuted on behalf of the State in the oi 
of the Reformers. There were originally fc 
indictments against the whole of the prisoi 
but negotiations between Dr. Coster «u 
Advocate Wessels (the latter representing tl 
accused) resulted as follows : That the lead 
Col. Rhodes and Messrs. L. Phillips, Ha^» 
Hammond, «md Greo. Farrar, should plead 
guilty to count 1 (conspiring with Dr. Jameson 
to make a hostile invasion), and that the rank 
and file of the conm^ttee should plead guilty 
to co\uits 3 (distributing arms, guns, erecting 
defences, etc.) and 4 (arrogating the functions 
of Government in Johannesburg, arming their 
own Police Corps, etc.) ; that counts 2, 3 and 4 
should be withdrawn against the former and 
counts 1 and 2 should be withdrawn ag£Ûnst the 
latter. Dr. Coster admitted that the effect of 
this would be making the charge against the 
rank and file purely nominal, while in the case of 
the four leaders he iindertook not to press for 
exemplary punishment. Nevertheless, at the 
triai Dr. Coster, in a violent speech, depicted 
in the blackest terms the action of those men, 
and claimed that the Court should apply the 
Roman-Dutch Law in préférence to the statutes 
of the S.A.R., and demanded the severest 
penalty that could be imposed under that law 
and under the Thirty-three Articles and the Qold 
Law. Dr. Coster resigned the State Attomey- 
ship in conséquence of an insulting référence 
of Président KJriiger's to his coiintrymen. 

COWEN, Charles, is the only surviving son 
of Joseph Cowen, of Bryajistone Street, Port- 
man Square, London, cind of Catherine Louisa, 
his wife, of Merion Square, Dublin. Mr. Cowen 
has been identified with our colonial life from 
1853, when he arrived in S.A. Having 
been, from a very early date, associated with 
educationcd organizations in England, and with 
the Press, he soon foiind a new sphère for his 
énergies Gifter landing at Cape Town, where he 
inaugurated, with others classes, conducted 
gratuitously by some of the best members of 
the community, for elementary instruction, as 
well as for advanced young men, in modem 
languages, the olassics, literature, and some of 
the arts. He cdso occupied himself as a lecturer 
and joumàUst, and in 1874 becsume Secy. of the 
Port Elizabeth Chamber of Commerce. Broken 
down in health, about the end of 1886 he left 
for the newly opened goldfields, paying visita 
to the Free State Territories and other parts. 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

An old M.M. of the British lodge, co-founder 
of and P.M. of the Joppa, one of the originators 
of the D.G.L. of S.A., and a member of its 
executive until 1875, Bro. Cowen was influenticd 
in obtaining the warrsuat for the first Brit. L. 
under the Cons. of the Q.L. of England for 
Johcuinesburg, and was elected its first W.M. 
When Mr. Rhodes, having passed the Glen 
Grey Act, décide to visit the Trans-Keian 
tribes, to explain to them the merits and re- 
quirements of it, Mr. Cowen met him at Butter- 
worth, as the " Cape Times " représentative, 
and accompanied hun on the tour, and then 
stayed behind to watch the practiccd working of 
the new mec^ure. In 1892 he was associated 
with the Editorship of the " Cape Mercury *' for 
a while. In 1898 he went to the East ; later 
settled in Rome, cmd came back to England at 
the close of 1902. He is an Hon. Life Member 
of the Chamber of Commerce at Port Elizabeth ; 
Hon. Member of the S.A. Press Association 
and of the Impérial S.A. Association ; F. S. A., 
and M.R.C.I. 

He is the author of "The Life of WilUam 
Schrôder, Artist," " The Zingari Séries of Our 
Public Men," " The Wynberg Times* " new séries, 
** Men of Mark," " The Law in relation to the 
Ffiffmer," " Johannesburg the Golden," and 
has €dso published Eleven Years' Annual Re- 
views of the Trade and Commerce of S.A. 
(for the Chamber of Commerce at Port 
Elizabeth) and of the Cape of Good Hope. He 
married : first, the eldest dau. of Wm. Painton, 
brewer, of Oxford ; and second, a sister of the 
Right Rev. Jn. Rooney, D.D., of St. Mary's, 
Cape Town. 

CREWE, Col. Chaules Pbeston, C.B. (1900), 
J.P. for the Cape of Good Hope, of Cambridge, 
East London, and of the Civil Service Club, 
Cape Town ; is the son of Capt. Frederick Crewe, 
17th Madras Infantry, and is descended from 
the Crewes of Crewe, Cheshire, of which family 
he is one of the few maie représentatives re- 
meûning. He was bom in London on Jan. 11, 
1855, and was educated privately. Col. Crewe 
has had a v€iried poUtical and military career. 
He went to S.A. in March, 1878, and joined the 
Cape Mounted Rifiemen, serving with this 
régiment through the Kafir War, receiving for 
his services medal and clasp, 1878-79. He again 
saw service in the Basuto War of 1880-81, re- 
ceivÎDg medal and clasp. In 1881 he retired 
from the C.M.R., and commenced farming. In 
1898 he stood for Aliwal North for the House of 
Assembly and was only defeated by two votes. 

In May of the f ollowing year he was retumed to 
the Législative Assembly for East Griqualand» 
and devoted himself to Uie reorganization of tha 
Progressive peoty. At the gênerai élection in 
Feb. 1904 he succeeded in ousting Mr. J. W. 
Sauer from the représentation of Aliwal North, 
and on the résignation of Sir Gordon Sprigg'a 
Mimstry immedUately after the élections he 
joined Dr. Jameson's Cabinet as Colonial Seo. 
On war breeiking out in S.A. he raised the 
Border Horse Regt. (Feb. 1900), and served first 
as Major commanding and was promoted Lieut.- 
Col. in May 1900, and full Col. in May 1901. He 
for many months commanded a mobile column 
of Colonial troops in the O.R.C.» cmd later on 
took command of the Western Dîv. of the Cape 
Colony from Nov. 1901 to the end of the war. 
He retired from the C.C.F. Dec. 31, 1902. For 
his eminent services Col. Crewe was mentîoned 
in despatches, received the C.B., and the medal 
with clasps for Wepener, Transvaal and Cape 
Colony. He mcuried Helen Orpen, dau. of J. M. 
Orpen, late Surveyor-Gen. of S. Rhodesia, on 
July 11, 1887. 

CRISP, Vénérable Wm., B.D., was ordained 
at Bloemfontein in 1872, and was Canon there 
from 1885 to 1901, being made Archdeacon in 
1887. In 1901 he became Priest-in-charge of 
Muizenberg, a fashionable resort near Cape 
Town, and Diocesan Sec. at Cape Town. 
In the following year he was appointée! a Canon 
of St. Greorge's Cathedral, Cape Town. 

CROMER, Earl of, and Viscount Ebbino- 
TON, G.C.B., G.C.M.G., K.C.S.I., CLE., Ist Class 
Medjidieh ; of Cairo, and of the Turf, Brooks*, 
Travellers', St. James', and Marlborough Clubs, 
is son of the late Henry Baring, M.P., and 
Cecilia Windham. He was bom at Cromer Hall, 
Norfolk, Feb. 26, 1841, and was educated at 
the Hethel Hall, Norfolk, The Ordinance Sch.» 
Carshalton, and at Woolwich, and is Hon. 
D.C.L. of Oxford. At the âge of seventeen he 
joined the Royal Artillery, retiring with the rank 
of Major in 1879 for the purpose of taking up 
his duties as one of the Controllers-Gtoneral ap- 
pointed in Egjrpt in 1879 by England and France, 
when Ismail had been deposed by the Sultan» 
and his son Tewfik had succeeded on the Khedi- 
vial throne. Previously Mr. Evelyn Baring, as 
he then was, had acquired much useful expérience 
to fit him for his responsible post. He had acted 
as Private Sec. to his cousin. Lord North- 
brook, when that nobleman was Govemor 
General of India, and during this period had 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

obtaîned a close însîght înto the praotical art of 
govenunent. While he held a oommissionership 
of the Public Debt in Egypt, he waa enabled to 
greatly extend his finsuicial knowledge. The 
powers held by Mr. Baring suad his fellow con- 
troller, M. de Blignières, were very considérable. 
They were admitted to the Ministerial Council ; 
they had the right to advise in ail matters of 
fin£Uice, and they were authorized to appoint 
Résident Inspectors. The success of his work of 
that period in Egypt was borne witness to by 
Lord Granville in the House of Lords in 1881, 
when he stated that the syst^n " had un- 
doubtedly worked €ulniirably for the finances and 
eulministration of Egypt." Towards the end 
of 1880 Sir John Strachey's résignation left 
vacant the post of Finance Minister of Lidia. 
Mr. Baring received the appointment under the 
Marquis of Ripon, who was then Viceroy» and 
during his tenure of office framed and ccuried 
three successful budgets. In 1883 he was made 
a K.C.S.I., suad became and has since remained 
Consul-Genercd and Minister Flenipotentiary in 
Egypt. Sir "Evelyn Baring had not been many 
years in Egypt before the mémorable financial 
crisis occurred. It had been évident for some 
time that the fincmces of the country must be 
again taken in hand by the Powers. There was 
the question of meeting the heavy Hability of 
the Alexandrian Indemnity, as well as the debts 
due to the rébellion and to the war in the Sudan. 
The question also aa to the distribution of the 
Revenue between the Government and the Bond- 
holders had assvimed an acute phase. The law 
of liquidation under which the Public créditer 
" steurved the Government " could not be altered 
without the consent of the Great Powers. To 
raise a new locm required the consent not only 
of the great Powers, but of Turkey. As an 
initial step towards procuring thèse consents the 
British Government appointed a Committee, of 
which Sir Evelyn Baring was one, to examine 
and report. A Conférence was held in London 
for the purpose of discussing the schemes put 
forward by this Committee, but the Conférence 
broke up without coming to any agreement. 
After many negotiations an arrangement was 
corne to whereby a losua of £9,t)00,000 sterling 
was agreed to be issued. In connexion with this 
trsuisaotion Sir Evelyn rendered one of the 
most valuable of his msuay importsuat services 
to the prosperity of Egypt. £8,000,000 of this 
new loan was applied to the Liquidation of the 
Indemnities and to wiping out the déficits of the 
three previous years. The remaining £1,000,000 
was the sum of money which enabled the Consul- 

General to work such a marvellous change 
the économie condition of the country. Tt i 
life emd death to Egypt to put the great < 
Works upon which the irrigation of the cuut» 
depended into proper order. This extra mi 
provided the necessary capital to save the ir^ 
tion System and with it the finances of Egypt. 
sooner was the financial position of the 0( 
dealt with than Sir Evelyn Bcuing entere^i u 
his long struggle for ref orms ; how he has suu- 
ceeded the présent state of prosperity of th» 
country is suffîcient proof. In 1892 Sir Evelyn 
Baring was raised to the peerage under the titl» 
of Lord Cromer, and in the same yeetr occurred 
the untimely death of Tewfik Pasha and tho 
descent of the Khediviate to his son. It waa 
not long before Lord Cromer's struggles again 
conmienced. In Jan. of the foUowing year 
Abbas declared war, so to speak, with the British 
Government. A sharp but short struggle ensued, 
but it was foUowed by the complète victory of 
the Consul-General. Before this was, however, 
accomplished. Lord Cromer had to invite His 
Highness to look from a window of the Abdin 
Palace on a British régiment parading on the 
square without. Unquestionably it was by the 
Consul-Gtoneral's firmness at this critical jiincture 
that British prestige and po wer were not seriously 
threatened. But the truce was of short dura- 
tion, for in January of 1894, the EQiedive oom- 
plained publicly and pointed out to the Sirdar, 
Genered Kitchener, the military ineffîciency of the 
force under his command. The British Consul- 
General waited on the ELhedive and there de- 
manded that he should issue a gênerai order 
expressing his approval of the discipline cmd 
efficiency of the army, and his satisfaction with 
the offîcers whose authority he had so deliberately 
attempted to overthrow. He was also required 
to remove Maher Pasha from his post at the 
Wajc Office. Thèse demands were complied 
with and from it may be dated a cessation of 
the struggle of the Khédive to emancipate him- 
self from British control. Lord Cromer received 
his K.C.B. in 1887, his G.C.M.G. in 1888, and 
was raised to the peerage as Baron in 1892, as 
Viscount in 1 898, and Earl in 1 901 . He msuried : 
first, in 1876, Ethel Stanley, daughter of Sir 
Roland Stanley Errington, Bart. (died Oct. 16, 
1898); and second, Lady Catherine Thynne» 
sister of the présent Marquess of Bath. 

CRONJE, PiETEB Abkoldus, ex-Command6uit 
of the Potchefstroom District, Transvaal, of 
Palmietfontein, Schoon Spruit, Klerksdorp, 
Transvaal. During the War of Indepeiidenoe he 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

commanded the Boer forces at Potchefstroom. 
At that time he ordered the siimmary exécution 
of several British subjects who were suspected 
on wholly insuffîcient grounds of being spies ; 
he caused prisoners of war to work in the trenches 
where they were shot by their own comrades, 
and refused to allow women in délicate health 
to leave the fort to obtain médical aid and food. 
When the gênerai armistice was declared he 
treacherously withheld the news from the 
besieged garrison, until, in order to save the 
lives of the wounded and the women and child- 
ren, they were compelled to snrrender. 

Many yeara later (Jan. 1896) Comdt. Cronje 
was in command of the commando which beat 
Dr. Jeuneson's forces at Vlakfontein, and received 
his surrender on condition of sparing the Uves 
of the entire force. This condition when known 
to Comdt. Malan caused the greatest anta- 
gonisme and Cronjé was accused of neglect of 
duty for accepting such a condition. Seeing that 
Comdt. Cronjé stoutly maintained against ail 
opposition that the condition should be loyally 
recognized, it was probably strong Government 
pressure which induced him later on to stretch 
the terms, explaining that the promise to spare 
the hves was only to hold good until the prisoners 
were handed over to the Comdt. -General. 
He succeeded Gen. Joubert as Superintendent 
of Natives, and was given a seat on the Execu- 
tive. Comdt. Cronje was married, and no less 
than thirty-three of his descendants were either 
killed or cÛed of disoase in the field or concentra- 
tion camps during th3 last S.A. War. Mrs. 
Cronje herself died of paralysis at the âge of 
64 at the latter end of 1903. 

of Hanover, Cape Colony, is the dau. of a German 
Missionary of the L.M.S., and has written a 
number of interesting stories of South African 
life, besides frequently using her pen in further- 
ance of her poUtical sympathies which are 
decidedly pro-Boer. She married in 1894, Mr. 
S. C. Cronwright, who thereupon adopted the 
sumame of Cronwright-Schreiner (q.v.). 

M.L.A., of Hanover, Cape Colony, is son of the 
late S. C. Cronwright, who for many years 
represented Grahamstown in the Cape Légis- 
lature. Mr. Cronwright-Schreiner is a mem- 
ber of the Afrikander Bond, and came over to 
England during the late S.A. War to lec- 
ture and represent the views of the pro-Boers. 
His tour was a complète failure, however, as no 

British audience would give him a hearing. In 
Dec. 1902 he defeated the Progressive candidate» 
Mr. Macfarlane, at Colesberg, and at the 
gênerai élection in Feb. 1904 he was elected for 
Beaufort West. 

He published in 1896, " The Political Situa- 
tion," jointly with his wife. Olive Sohreiner 
(q.v.) whose surname he added to his own on the 
occasion of his marriage in 1894. 

CROOKSHANK, Db. Harby Maxjle, Pasha, 
F.R.C.S. (Edin.), F.R.G.S., Grand Cordon of the 
Order of the Medjidieh, Order of the Osmanieh 
(2nd class), Knt. of Grâce, Order of St. John of 
Jérusalem ; of Cairo ; of the Junior Carlton 
(Lond.) and the Turf and Khedivial Sporting 
(Cairo) Clubs, was bom in Cuddalore, India, in 
1849. He is 3rd son of the late Capt. C. Crook- 
shank, 61st Regt., and grandson of Col. A. 
Crookshank, K.H. 33rd Regt. Dr. Crook- 
shank was educated at Boulogne-s.-M. and at 
Cheltenham. He served as surgeon to the 
British Red Cross Soc. during the Franco-Gter- 
man (1870-71), Turko-Servian (1876), Turko- 
Russian (1877) and Sudan (1886) wars ; was 
Inspector-Gen. of Egyptian Prisons Administra- 
tion from 1883 to 1897 ; British Controller-Gen. 
of the Daira Sanieh Administration from 1897 ; 
and is Director of the Daira Sanieh Co. and of the 
Standard Life Insurance Co. He married, in 
1891, Emma Walraven, only dau. of Major S. 
Comfort, of New York, U.S.A. 

CROSBIE, R., was senior member of the Cape 
Législative Assembly for the Province of Albany 
unta 1903. 

CROSBIE, W., M.L.A., represents the élec- 
toral division of Vryburg in the Progressive 
interest in the Cape Législative Assembly. He 
was returned iinopposed at the élection in 1904. 

CROSSE, Rev. a. J. W., formerly vicar of 
Rye, Sussex, was given the living of St. Cyprian's, 
Durban, in 1902, rendered vacant through the 
résignation of Canon Johnson. 

CUNNINGTON, Willla.m Alfred, Ph.D. 
(Jena), of 13, The Chase, Clapham Common, 
Surrey, and of Christ's Coll., Camb., was bom 
Aug. 31, 1877 ; was educated at Mill Hill Sch., 
the Royal Coll. of Science, Lond., Jena, and Cam- 
bridge. He was appointed Demonstrator of 
Zoology at the Royal Coll. of Science, Dublin, 
in 1899 ; took his Ph.D. degree in 1902 ; was 
Research Student at Christ' s Coll. Camb., 1902, 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

and left in charge of a scientifio expédition to 
Tanganyika in 1904. Unmarried. 

CURREY, H. L., M.L.A. An advocate by 
profession, he was retumed iinopposed to 
represent George (C.C.) in the Législative 
Assembly in the Bond interest in Nov. 1902, and 
was re-elected at the gênerai élection in Feb. 

CUE.RIE, James, B.A., of Khartoum, and of 
the Turf Club, Cairo, was born at Edinburgh in 
1868 ; was educated at Fettes Coll. Edin., and 
graduated at Lincoln Coll., Oxon. He was 
appointed Director of Education under the 
Sudan Govt., and Principal of the Gordon Coll., 
Khartoum, in 1900. Unmarried. 

DALGETY-CAMPBELL, Dalgety Gobdon, 
Hon. Lient. N.S.W. Forces, of the Barberton 
Dist. Club, was born at Sydney, N.S. Wales, 
Oct. 21, 1877. He comes from an old Argyll and 
Aberdeenshire f amily, and is a cousin of Lady 
Trafalgar, who married the eldest son of the 
3rd Earl Nelson in 1879. He is also cousin of 
Col. Dalgety of Wepener famé. Mr. Dalgety- 
Campbell was educated at Oxley Coll. and 
Hawksbury Agricultural Col., N.S. Wales, and 
has had a varied career in Australia, China, 
Africa and other parts of the globe. In early 
life he was for a short period in the Navy ; he 
spent a short time with an exploring party in 
China, later on he was bookkeeper in a store in 
Parkes, N.S.W., and eventually went into the 
backblocks of Australia as a schoolmaster. A 
year later saw him as one of the best known 
cross-country and steeplechase riders in the 
colony, at which he ecimed his living ; he, how- 
ever, abandoned this means of livelihood and 
after engaging as a professional cycle rider, 
milkman, drover, fencer and miner he drifted 
into joumalism. He was for some time editor 
of the Wyalong " Advocate," published in a 
small township in N.S. Wales. When the Boer 
war broke out he went to Sydney, joined the 
N.S. Wales M.L, and came to Africa as a trooper. 
He was severely wounded at Vet River, May 1, 
1900. When Pretoria fell, he raced with Bennet 
Burleigh, the war correspondent, to see who 
would be first man to enter the capital. He 
reached the Artillery Barracks first, took pos- 
session, cuid when some hours later the troops 
entered Mr. Campbell handed the barracks over 
to Major Marker, D.S.O., of the Coldstream 
Guards, A.D.C. to Lord Kitchener. Among 
the prisoners in the barracks at the time were the 

famous Lt. Mike Du Toit, Major Eras 
Lt. Cordua, who was subsequently exe 
being implicated in the attempt to kid 
Roberts. At the hour of Mr. Campb 
there were about 4,000 Boers in the to 
etc. At Diamond Hill, June 13, he *< 
severely wounded and invalided to 
Six months later he was again in 
command of a squadron of Moiinted '. 
taining the conmiand until peace was 
after which he resigned his commissioi 
appointed as Spécial Travelling Com 
to the *' Leader.'* Hïs articles rai 
" Leader " for weeks, and were noted 
fine descriptive power. Subséquent 
Campbell was appointed to the Ce 
patriation Commission sitting in Johai 
he resigned this position and took over t 
ship of the "Gold Fields News," i 
From hère he went to England on je 
work, retumed to the Transvaal an 
editing the " Transvaal Advertisc 
Campbell has come prominently beJ 
Milner and Sir Arthur Lawley. 

DALRYMPLE, Capt. Hon. John Ja 
of the Guards' (London) and New (Edi 
only son of Viscount Dalrymple, £uid 
of the Earl of Stair, was born in Londo 
1879. He was educated at Harrow a 
hurst, passing into the Scots Guards, F 
Lient., Oct. 1899 ; Capt., June 11 
served in S.A. with the Ist Battn. Sco 
from Jan. 1900, to July 1902 (Queen's 
clasps ; Eing's medal, 2 clasps). He i 
ber of the King's Bodyguard, Scottis! 
(1903), and J.P. for Wigtonshire. H 
tiens are shooting and fishing. 

DAVEL, F. R., M.L.A. A memb 
Afrikander Bond, sitting in the Cape I 
Assembly aâ the représentative of Graa 

DAVEY, Thomas Gabby, F.G.S., 1 
M.A.I.M.E., was born in Spain ; he was 
in England and very soon turned his 
to the study of mining, following \ip 
retical knowledge with a practical e 
commencing in the silver and other 
Spain and Australia. In the United 
has been retained to report upon the 
copper of Arizona and elsewhere, and ] 
been appointed Consulting Engineei 
Northern Copper (B.S.A.) Co., Ltd., 
Rhodesicm Copper Co., Ltd. In addit: 
professional work on behcdf of iodividu 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

f ound leisure at différent times to act as lecturer 
on mining to the Technical Collège at Sydney 
(N.S.W.)» where he was the foiinder and a 
director of a School of Mines, and in 1895 was 
appointed Examiner in Metallurgy of the varions 
Schools of Minée in the State of Victoria. He 
acted as a Shire CJouncillor for the Bright district 
of that colony for seven years, during which time 
he w£is once Président of the Council, and was 
Justice of the Peace from 1895 vmtû the ter- 
mination of his résidence in Victoria. 

DAVIDSON, Walter Edward, M.L.C, 
CM. G., Palmes Académiques (en Or.) ; of Pre- 
toria ; of 62, Brook Street, W., and of the Sports 
Club, was bom at Valetta, Malta, in 1859. He 
was educated at Christ*s Coll., Camb. (Scholar), 
and entered the Civil Service in 1880 ; has filled 
the poste of Magistrate, Judge ««xd Commissioner, 
besides which he has been Secy. of the Ceylon 
Section of the Colonial and Indian Exhibition 
(1886) ; Mayor of Colombo, Ceylon, 1896-97 ; 
représentative of the Govt. of Ceylon at the 
Exposition Universelle, Paris (1900), for his 
services in connection with which he was made 
Officer d'Instruction Publique (France) ; and 
spécial ofificer to deal with Waste Lands, Ceylon, 
1901. He has also written two books on the 
resources of Ceylon, 1886 and 1900. He was 
Colonial Secy. of the Transvaal from 1902 to 
1903, and is a member of its Législative and 
Executive CouncUs. Mr. Davidson was married 
in 1882 ; is a widower, and has one son at BaUiol 
Coll., Oxon. 

DAVIES W. D., of Johannesburg. "Karri" 
Davies (as he is generally called) was one of the 
two Reform prisoners who, when the question of 
petitioning for some mitigation of their sentences 
was raised, consistently ref used to sacrifice their 
self respect by making such a supplication to 
the Govt. which had treated them in what they 
deemed to be a dishonest and treacherous 
manner, Those only who can comprehend the 
terribly insanitary condition of a Boer gaol, 
where blacks and whites were huddled together 
as ordinary félons, fed on the worst of fare and 
continually subject to the harsh treatment of 
the gaolers, can appreciate fully such a sacrifice 
to principle when a word would hâve effected their 
release. He took part in the récent S.A. War. 

DAVIES, WnxiAM Thomas Frederick, B.S., 
M.D. (Lond.), M.R.C.S. (Eng.), D.S.O., of 
Johannesburg, wa« bom at Swansea, Aug. 13, 
1860. Ho is son of Dr. E. Davies, Médical Officer 

of Health, Swcmsea, and grandson of P. F. 
Bluett, of Holcombe Court, Holcombe Régis ; 
was educated privately and at Guy's HospitcJ. 
He went to S.A. to practise in 1889 ; was a mem- 
ber of the Reform Conmiittee in 1896, for which 
he underwent trial and imprisonment. In the 
late S.A. War he served as Surgeon-Major in the 
I.L.H., being présent at Elandslaagte and the 
siège of Ladysmith ; was afterwards in médical 
charge of Col. Mahon's reUef colunrn to Mafeking, 
and was invalided home in Aug., 1900. 

DAVIS, AiiEXANDER, of 73, Brondesbury Rd., 
London, N.W., and 16, Devonshire Square, E.C., 
was born in London ; was educated privately 
and studied in Germany. He has spent the best 
part of his life in S.A., in conunerce, travel, 
prospecting and journaJism. He was one of the 
early hands at the Lydenburg Goldfields, settling 
aiterwards in Swaziland under King Umbandine, 
trading and hunting the eastem littorcd. After 
prospecting in Barberton he settled on the Rand 
and eventually followed the stream northwards 
to Bulawayo, where he was in laager during the 
siège (1896). There he established the "Bula- 
wayo Sketch," which he edited and iUustrated, 
and ran it for some years until he thought the 
time was ripe for Rhodesia to be represented by 
a journal in London, hence the weekly " Rho- 
desia," which, however, he closed down in 1902, 
when invited to assume the editorship of the 
*' African Review." Mr. Davis is a keen 
disciple of Cecil Rhodes, a devotee of art, an 
araateiu* sculptor, and a student of philosophy 
and ethics. He is the author of '* The Native 
Problem," " Umbandine, a Romance of Swazi- 
land," and a contributor of articles and reviews 
to current literature. He married, at Durban, 
Arabelle, dau. of the late Edwin Selig, of Mcm- 

DAWKINS, SiR Clinton Edward, K.C.B., Ist 
class Medjidieh, of 38, Queen Anne's Gâte, S.W., 
Polesden Lacey, Dorking, and of the Athenaeum, 
Brooks', the City, and Cosmopolitan Clubs, 
is the son of Clinton G. C. Dawkins, of the 
Foreign Office. He was bom 1859, in London, 
and was educated at Cheltenham Coll., aad 
BaUiol Coll., Oxford, where he graduated 
M. A., taking honours in Modérations and Greats. 
Sir Clinton actod as Private Secy. to Lord Cross 
of the India Office in 1886, and Private Sec. to 
Mr. Goschen, when Chancelier of the Ex- 
chequer, in 1889. He was a représentative of 
the Peruvian Corporation in S. America, 1891 ; 
was Under-Secy. for Finance in Egypt, 1896, and 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

Financial Member of the Council of the Gover- 
nor-Greneral of India, 1899. He beoeune a 
partner in Messrs. J. S. Morgsua & Co. in 1900» 
and was Chcdrmsua of the Gommittee of Wcur 
Office Be-organization, 1901. Lord Milner's 
feunous ** England in "Egypt " contains an appen- 
dix from Sir Clinton's pen. His récréations are 
fencing, hiinting, shooting, etc. He married in 
1888, Louise Johnston. 

DE BEER, M. J., M.L.A., represents Picquet- 
berg in the Bond interest in the Cape House of 
Assembly. He was elected in Feb. 1904. 

DE KOCK, J. W., M.L.A., represents Mafe- 
king in the Progressive interest in the Cape 
Le^slative Assembly, to which he was elected in 

DE LA REY, Ex-Gen. Jacobus Hendrick, 
represented the Lichtenburg Dist. of the Trans- 
vaaJ in the First Raad for three years and was 
regarded as moderato in politics, with a prédi- 
lection for progress. He served right through 
the Boer War, and if not the most bnlliant, from 
a military point of view, of the Boer gênerais, he 
f oUowed close on the réputation of Commandant 
Louis Botha. He was responsible for Lord 
Methuen's unfortunate defeat at Tweebosch 
early in March, 1902 — practically the last aftair 
of importance in the S.A. War, and took 
an important part in the peace negotiations, and 
subséquent efforts to alter the conditions of peace. 
His wÔe is about to publish a book entitled " My 
Reunbles and Expériences during the War." 
He waa first Près, of the Western Transvaal 
Farmers' Association, the policy of which is to 
co-operate cordially with the new Government. 

DE MEIRELLES, Viscount, Fbancisco de 
Menezes Meibelles Do Canto b Castbo, 
K.C.M.G. (Nov. 9, 1902), Knight Commander of 
the Order of Our Lady of Conceptioni of Villa 
Viçosa, and Officer of the Order of Santiago for 
Literary and Scientific Merit ; of Guinta de San 
Mathens, Dafundo, Portugal, and Potsdamer- 
strasse, Berlin, is the son of Senhor André 
Meirelles de Tavora do Canto e Castro; 
Knight Commander of the Order of Christ, and 
Dona Anna de Menezes de Lemos e Carvalho. 
The Meirelles are an old Portuguese family of 
Northern Portugcd, a branch of which settled at 
Terceira (Azores) in the fifteenth century. The 
maie members hâve the hereditary rank of Ejoight 
of the Royal Household (Fidalgo Cavalleiro da 
Ca2:a Real). The présent Viscount was born 

Nov. 21, 1850, at Angra do Heroismo, Tei 
Islfiuid, Azoresl He was Director of the Cusi 
Mozeunbique, 1875-79, idem at Goa (Portuj 
India), 1879-81 ; Consul and €bfterwards Co 
General in British Lidia, 1883-91, and Gov( 
of Manica e Sofcda (Mozeunbique), 1894-95, 
and 1899-1901. The Viscount de Meirel 
best known as the Portuguese Govemor, 
at Beira (ohief town of the Manica and S 
Territories) in 1900 welcomed so warml^ 
Colonial Troops (Canadian and Australisua 
tingents) which landed there on their wa 
Rhodesia. He was one of the first cunon} 
countrymen to perçoive that the future rela 
of Portugcd and Great Britain largely depe: 
upon the way the British troops were lea 
at that délicate juncture. His speeches (es 
ally the one he made at the dinner he ofi 
to Geui Sir Frederick Carrington) were 
much conmiended in the Portuguese Press, 
aiso in the English papers ail over the w 
includihg the " Times.*' Shortly ckfterward 
Lisbon Govt. did not approve of some \ 
measure promulgated at Beira by Gove 
Meirelles, and he was dismissed in May, 1 
In the Order to the British Army issued by 1 
Roberts at the end of that year the Portug 
Govemor was referred to as one of the 
foreigners who were deserving of honour 
mention for his attitude during the war. L 
on (May, 1902) Counsellor Meirelles was crei 
a Portuguese Viscount, and in the following ]N 
on the birthday of H.M. King Edward Vil 
was m£kde a K.C.M.G. At présent he is 
Attaché for Conmiercial Affairs to the Po 
guese Légation in Berlin. Viscount Mein 
is a Counsellor to H.M. the King of Portu 
He mairied, April 9, 1875, Dona Maria-Car 
da Costa Freitas. 

DE MOLEYNS, Lieut.-Col. Hon. Fbbdei 
RossMOBE Wauchope Evebleigh,D.S.O. (18 
of Salisbury, Meishonaland, was born Dec. 
1861 ; is the eldest son and hoir of the 4th I 
Ventry. He was educated at Harrow, 
entered the 4th Hussars in 1883. In 188$ 
was A.D.C. to Lord Hopetoun, when he 
seconded from his regt. He rejoined in 1! 
acting as Adjt. from 1893 to 1896. In Ma; 
that year he obtained leave to proceed to 8 
and was employed on Sir Fred. Carrinirt 
Staff, serving through most of the oeunpa 
Matabeleland, and afterwards in Mashoi.^ 
(mentioned in despatches, and D.S.O.), when 
was appointed Commissioner of Police, 
retired érom the service in 1901. 


Anglo-African Who's Who 



DEMPERS, HoN. H. J., M.L.C., was member 
of the Cape Législative Assembly for the pro- 
vince of Caledon until the gênerai élection of 
Feb. 1904, when he was retumed to the Légis- 
lative Council as représentative of the South- 
Western Circle. He is a member of the Bond. 

DENNY, George Alfred ; mem. of the 
Australien, American and North of Eng. In- 
stitutes of Mining Engineers ; of Yeoville, 
Johannesburg, and of the Rand Club, was born 
at Bathurst, New South Wales, Feb. 28, 1868. 
He was educated at varions institutions in New 
South Wales, and attended science lectures at 
Ballarat Sch. of Mines. He acted as Asst. En- 
gineer to varions mining cos. in Australia, 
1888-90 ; was Inspecting Engineer in America 
and Europe for London groups, 1891-92 ; was 
engaged on construction work, 1892-95 ; was 
Consulting Engineer to the Klerksdorp Prop. 
IVIines from 1895 to 1897, since when he has 
acted in a similar capacity to the General Mining 
& Finance Corporation, Ltd. Mr. Denny is the 
originator of new metallurgical processes prin- 
oipally relating to the continuons ajid automatio 
treatment of gold ore slimes ; is the author of 
Klerksdorp Goldfields," "Diamond DrilUng," 
Deep Level Mines of the Rand," and frequently 
contributes to Scientific Societies on technical 
subjects. He married, Mar. 5, 1903, Winifred, 
dau. of Fred. Bennett, J.P., of Durban. 

DENTON, Sm George Chardin, K.C.M.G., 
CM. G., of Government House, Gambia ; Hill- 
top, Oxford ; and of the Naval and Military, 
Wyndham, and Grosvenor Clubs, is the only 
surviving son of the late Rev. Robert A. Dehton, 
rector of Stower Provost, Dorset, where he was 
bom on June 22, 1851. He was educated at 
Rugby, €md by private tutors. He entered the 
Army (57th Regt.) 1869, became Lient. 1871, 
Captain in 1878, and retired in 1878. Joining 
the Civil Service, he was Chief of Police at St. 
Vincent in 1880, and Col. Secy. at Lagos, 1888. 
He administered the Govemments of St. Vincent 
and Lagos on varions occasions for long periods 
between 1885 and 1900, when he was appointed 
Administrator of the Gambia. He married, in 
1879, Jean Margaret Alan, dau. of the late Alan 
Stevenson, CE., F.R.S. 

DE SMIDT, HoN. A. G., M.L.C is a member 
of the Cape Législative Council for the South- 
West Circle, and was last re-elected to the Upper 
House in Feb. 1904. He holds his seat in the 
Progressive interest. 

DE VILLIERS, Johan Zulch, of Standerton, 
Transvaal, was bom at the Paarl, CC, July 12, 
1845, and is of Huguenot descent. He was 
educated at the Paarl Gymnasium and privately 
by Dr. Rose Innés at Cape Town. Aiter 
leaving school he was appointed Secy. to the 
Pfiiarl Wine & Brandy Co., but on the Basuto 
War breaking out he joined the Free State forces, 
and after fifteen months' fighting settled in a 
mercantile house at Fauresmith, shortly after- 
wards (May, 1868) entering the Civil Service as 
PubUc Prosecutor at Boshof, O.F.S. He then 
became private secy. to the late Président, Sir 
John Brand ; then first clerk to the Gk)vt. Secy., 
and successively Secy. to the Volksrewd, Regis- 
trar of the High Court, Landdrost of Boshof 
(1871), Landdrost of Harrismith (1875), which he 
relinquished (1881) at the request of the trium- 
virate composed of Elrùger, Joubert and Pre- 
torius to become Landdrost of Pretoria, during 
which time he also acted for six months as 
Attomey-General. From July, 1890, to July, 
1895, he was Govt. Secy., Treasurer 
and Landdrost for Swaziland iinder the dual 
Govt. He was later appointed Spécial Lsuad- 
drost of the Pilgrim's Rest Gold Fields, and 
Burgomeister of Johannesbiurg, Oct. 1897, which 
post he held until the British occupation. 

Mr. de Villiers passed under the old law of 
the Free State as an Attorney, which gave him 
the right to practise as em advocate of the High 
Court. He is a Masonic Knight of the R. Cross. 
He married, Nov. 1, 1870, Susanna Margaretha 
de Villiers, first cousin to Sir Henry de 
Villiers, Chief Justice of the Cape of Grood 

DE VILLIERS, Melius, B.A., LL.B., of 
Wynberg, CC, is the son of the late C C de 
Villiers of Paarl, CC He was bom at Paarl, 
Sept. 5, 1849, and educated at the Paarl 
Gymnasium and the S.A. Coll., Cape Town, 
graduating B.A. and LL.B. at the Cape Univ. 
He was appointed Second then First Puisne 
Judge and subsequently Chief Justice of the 
High Comrt of the O.F.S. But it is as an 
Arbitrator in several disputes between the 
British and Transvaal Govts. that he is prin- 
cipally known. In 1885 he was the Arbitra- 
tor between the two Gk)vemments regarding the 
Western Boundary of the Transvaal, and sub- 
sequently he was an Arbitrator between the 
same Gk)vts. as to a question arising under the 
London Convention with regard to the position 
of H.B.M. Indian subjects in the T^ansv€^al. 
He is the author of " The Roman and Roman- 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

Dutch Law of Injuries " (1899). He married 
Miss A. Holmes-Orr, dau. of the Rev. W. 
Holmes-Orr, of West Lysford Rectory, Somer- 
set, England, 

DE WAAL, David C, M.L.A.,of CapeTown, 
was bom at Modder, Stellenbosch, C. C, 
and cornes of an old colonial stock, his father 
and grandfathor having fought against the 
British at Blaauwberg. He followed first the 
caUing of farmer, and then became an iron- 
monger and merchant at Cape Town, which he 
formerly represented on the T?own Council. He 
was Mayor of Cape Town in 1889-90, when he 
marked his year of office by planting an avenue 
of trees in the street which bears his name. He 
bas for a long time represented Picquetberg in 
the House of Assembly ; is a Protectionist ; a 
member of the Bond ; generally accompanied 
Mr. Rhodes on his journeys in the Cape, and 
remained his faithful champion during the 
troubles foUowing on the Raid. He also warmly 
supported Lord Milner in the House, energetic- 
aUy protesting against the enmity to the British 
being encouraged and kept alive in the Cape 
Parliament (Sept. 1902). Mr. de Waal has 
travelled extensively in Europe £is well as in 
S.A. He was not re-elected at the gênerai 
élections in 1904. 

DE WAAL, NiCHOLAS Frederick, M.L.A., is 
member of the Cape Legisative Assembly for 
the province of Colesberg, for which constituency 
he was last elected in Feb. 1904. He is a member 
of the Bond. 

DE WET, Christian Rudolf, of the O.R.C., 
farmer. Ex-Gen. De Wet ,fought right 
through the S.A. War, 1899-1902. Al- 
though a man of considérable local influence, 
he entered the Heilbron Conunando as an 
ordin€ury burgher, birt was elected Vice-Comdt. 
on the day the ultimatum expired. The 
skill €uid boldness he displayed at Nicholson's 
Nek attracted Près. Steyn*s attention, and at 
Magersfontein he found himself in command 
of the O.F.S. contingent with Gen. Cronje, 
whose second in command he was. His 
capture of our convoy at Waterval and his 
gallant 'attempt to relieve Cronje at Paarde- 
berg were the prélude to his appointment as 
Commander-in-Chief of the Free State forces. 
Meanwhile the British successes of that time 
8o demoralized the burghers that the gênerai 
had to allow them a respite from military 
Service. However, his accidentai sucess at 

Sanna's Post, and his capture atRedde 
gave fresh courage and brought new reci 
his side. Many vicissitudes followed, an 
De Wet began to give évidence of his 
ordinary resouroes in evading the British 
and getting out of tight places. At th 
time he deputed men of energy to rail] 
burghers who httd already surrendered an< 
the oath of neutrality, with great results. 
decided that the condition of the countn 
not permit of opérations on a large se 
split up his forces into small conmiand* 
adopted the guérilla style, and his reco: 
was mainly harassing and running awa; 
so excellent were his mobility, field Intel 
and d6ksh when occasion prompted, that 
gave the greatest trouble and every ne 
then effected a coup, such as the capi 
Col. Firman's camp at Tweefontein, soo 
which the proclamation of peace relier 
of one of the most resourceful, en 
and capable leaders that hâve oppos 
British arms in S.A. In the wider as] 
strategy his judgment was son 
lacking ; his scruples were not 
over fine. But he was latterly pla^ 
losing game, in a huge country, with n 
munications and ever increasing diffîcu] 
obtaining stores, munitions and horses 
which his very existence depended. 

He has written a book called " Three "S 
War '* for which he received £10,000, an 
said to be contemplating a work on se 
which would no doubt be a highly usefi 
book for the British Army. 

DE WET, HoN. M. J., M.C.L., is n 
of the Cape Législative Council for the ] 

DE WITT-HAMER, Verselewel, ex-r 
of the Second Raad for Barberton ; toc 
with the Boer forces in the late S.A. W 
captured at Elandslaagte, and sent 
Helena. On his retum to the Transv 
took the oath in the Suprême Court, Prêt 
swom translator in severcil languages. 

DICKSON, George Arthur Haï 
A.R.I.B.A., of Bertramstown, Johann* 
and of the Rand, Athenseum (Johanne 
and Impérial Service Clubs, was bom in I 
He is son of the late Rev. Geo. Dickson, 
Vicar of St. James the Less, Westminst 
grandson of the late Sir David Jeunes Hf 
Dickson, R.N., and of Sir Henry Himt, C 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

H.M. Office of Works. He waa educated at 
Haileybiiry, subsequently becoming a pupil of the 
late Geo. Edmund Street, B.A., Arclutect to 
the new Law Courts, Strand, and on his death 
he transferred his articles to the late Sir Arthur 
Blomfield, A.R.A. He went to S.A. a few 
years later, and haâ since practised in Johannes- 
burg and Pretoria. Mr. Dickson is an Associate 
of the Royal Institute of British Architects ; 
Vice-Pres. of the Transva^l Association of 
Architects ; member of the S.A. Association of 
Engineers ; Diocesan Surveyor of Pretoria, and 
is eiao on the Committee of the Rand Club. He 
w€w at one time in the Ist Derbyshire Militia, 
but resigned his commission in 1890, on deciding 
to settle in S.A. On the outbreak of the S.A. 
Wcurhe was appointed Capt. in Bethune's M.I., 
and commanded "C" Squadron in the field 
throughout the war, with the exception of a 
short period from Dec. 1900 to May 1901, 
when he was invalided home. For some 
time he acted as second in command of 
hia régiment (Queen's and King's medals and 
eight clasps). 

Mr. Dickson has for years been an enthusias- 
tic polo player. He popularized the game in 
Pretoria, and was for some time Capt. of the 
Rand Polo Club, for which he still plays. 

DIETRICH, Heinrich, J.P., F.R.C.I., of 
Zeerust, District Marico, T>ansvaal, is son of the 
late eminent surgeon, Andréas Friedrich Die- 
trich, and was born at Altona, Germany, May 
18, 1860. He emigrated to S.A. in Oct. 
1883, where he has since resided. Although 
a burgher of the late S.A.R., he ren- 
dered excellent services to the British 
military authorities on their occupying the 
town of Zeerust, and also took a prominent part 
in the defence of the town, he having been placed 
in conunand of the Zeerust Town Guard by the 
British. At the conclusion the war in 1902, he 
was appointed J.P. and a member of the Health 
boardforthe town of Zeerust. Recently he has 
been entrusted with the charge of the Govt. 
Meteorological Station at Zeerust. In 1892 
he married the widow of the late August Griete, 
of Matabeleland famé,' and after her death he 
mairied Anne, eldest dau. of the late Advocate 
Peter Johannsen, of Altona, Germany. 

DODD, Thomas R., wasarrested early in 1899 
for having organized a pubhc meeting for the 
purpose of presenting a pétition to the British 
Vice-Consul on the subject of the murder of 
Edgar, by a Boer policeman. 

DOLLEY, HoN. John Fbedbrick, M.L.C., 
was born at Witney, Oxon, in 1852, and went 
with his parents to Uitenhage six years later. 
He was for many yectrs a member of the Uiten- 
hage Divisional and Town Councils. He wcus 
elected to the Cape Législative Council in 1891, 
as member for the S.E. Province, €uid in his 
first season carried a resolution recommending 
the imposition of a royalty on disunonds. He 
still retains his seat in the Council. 

DONALDSON, Lieut.-Col. James, D.S.O.,o£ 
Johannesburg and Delagoa Bay, and of the 
Rcuid and New Clubs (Johannesburg), is the son 
of a London Bcuiker, and was born in London, 
Feb. 28, 1863. He was educated at Edinburgh, 
went to S.A. when quite young, and wcus 
well-known as one of the old hands at Pilgrim*s 
Rest and Lydenburg. He is now a member of 
the firm of Donaldson & Sivewright of 
Delagoa Bay and Johannesburg, and is interested 
in several conunercial iindertakings. In 1896, 
he was tried for high treason against the 
S.A.R. as one of the Reform Committee, 
and was mulcted in the g^ierally imposed fine 
of £2,000. At the outbreak of the Boer War 
he joined the Ist Regt. of I.L.H. as 
Capt. and Qr.-Master, and it was largely 
owing to his e£Eorts and business aptitude 
that the régiment was equipped suffîciently 
quickly to enable it to take part in the action 
of Elandslaagte. He was amongst the be- 
sieged in Ladysmith, and took part in the 
relief of Mafeking, after which he was appointed 
to the command of " A " Squadron I.L.H. He 
was twice mentioned in despatches, and his 
services were recognized by the D.S.O. He 
was severely wounded near Klerksdorp, «uid 
declared unfit for further a^îtive service. He 
obtained his majority just before the disband- 
ment of the corps and he was subsequently 
given the command of the right wing of the 
Volunteer Régiment of the I.L.H. lately formed 
in Johannesburg. Col. Donaldson was a 
member of the Native Labour Commission lately 
sitting in Johannesburg. He is a keen sports- 
man ; has imported some good racing stock, and 
just before the war he won the Johannesburg 
Handicap. He married, Aug. 5, 1903, Miss N. 
Newton, of New Zealand. 

DONALDSON, ILenneth Macleay, of 
Johannesburg (where he is popularly known as 
"Ken"), was born in London, Aug. 27, 1864. 
He is the younger brother of Lieut.-Col. James 
Donaldson, D.S.O. (q.v.), and saw active 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

service in the Sudan, 1884r-5, during which 
time he custed as Wax Correspondent and Artist 
for the late " Pictorial World." He was subse- 
quently decorated with the Egyptian medal, 
Suakin clasp, and bronze star. He went to 
S.A. in 1889, and was well known in Bar- 
berton and district till 1893. Early in 1894 
hearrived in Johsuinesburg and in conjunction 
with his présent partner, Mr. S. W. R. Hill, 
originated, £hnd successfully developed, 
Donaldson & Hill* s South African Directories. 
On the day o£ the great dynamite explosion in 
Johannesburg (Feb. 19, 1896) he married Miss 
Violet Helen Brereton, a grand-daughter of the 
late Canon Brereton, of Bedford, England, by 
whom he has one son. 

DOUGLASS, HoN. Arthur, of Heatherton 
Towers, Grahamstown, C.C., an-' »f the 
Civil Service (C.T.) and Rend Clubs, was bom 
at Market IHaorborough, Leicestershire, Jan., 
1843 ; is 5th son of L. Douglass, Soliciter, 
Market Harborough ; was educated at the Leicep- 
ter Collegiate Sch., cmd served as a midshipman 
in the Royal Navy. He went to the Cape as a 
land surveyor in 1864, and started farming and 
the domestication of ostriches. He was Capt. 
of the " Rovers " in the Kafir war of 1878, when 
he was présent at the Péri Bush engagement ; 
în the Morosi campaign of 1879 was Capt. in the 
Ist Cape Yeomanry Regt., and served in the 
Boer War as Major and O.C. the Albany 
Mounted Troops. He entered the Cape Assembly 
as member for Grahamstown, at the gênerai 
élection in 1884, and represented that constitu- 
ency with slight intermission from that time 
until, in Feb. 1904, the Progressives rejected 
him at the gênerai élection. Failing there he 
put up unsuocessfully for Woodstock. He went 
out of the Govt. with Sir Gk)rdon Sprigg's 
résignation following the resuit of the élections. 
He is a Moderato in politics ; was associated with 
the Anti-Suspensionist party ; and joined Sir 
Gordon Sprigg's Cabinet as Minister for Railways 
and Commissioner of Public Works. During Sir 
Gordon*s absence in England, in the summer of 
1902, he acted as Premier of the Colony, and later 
in the year (Sept.) made a violent attack upon 
the High Commissioner for making unreasonable 
demands upon the Govt. railways. 

He has published a work entitled " Ostrich 
Farming in South Africa." Mr. Douglas 
married in 1867, Martha Emily, 2nd daughter of 
Joseph Perkins, of Laughton, Leicestershire. 

DRAKE, Francis Martin, of Del Norte, 

Hougton Estate, Johcmnesburg, and of 
R£hnd, New and Athenaeum Clubs, Johac 
burg, was bom at Campo Seco, Califomia, 
4, 1858, his father being a Califomian mi 
man whose ancestors migrated from Devom 
to America early in the 19th century, whilc 
mother belonged to an old family of j 
Brunswick, British North America. Mr. F. 
Drake was educated at public schools at 
Francisco, afterwards studying privately. 
the âge of 17, he made his first cbcquaintance "^ 
mines in the U.S.A., where he remcdned u 
1883, when he left for Australia. In that i 
he put up the first silver-lead smelting wa 
ja<3keted fum£U3e în Australia, which wa& 
pioneer of many others. Retuming to S.A., 
became in 1896 Consulting Mining Engineei 
the Compagnie Française de Mines d'Or et 
l'Afrique du Sud, and is at présent the princi 
manager of that Company's afEairs in S.A. 
is also a Director of the Rand Mines, Ltd., 
East R€uid Proprietskry Mines, and other lead 
Witwatersrand Cos. He is also on the Exe 
tive Committee of the Chamber of Mi 

He married, in 1888, Miss Agnes Mati 
Mackey, of Bendigo, Victoria. 

DREW, Rev. Dewdney, W. First bec€ 
fcunous in Johannesburg for his rabid atts 
on Mr. Elrûger's régime. Latterly he became 
champion and apologist of the Cape Colo; 
rebels. In 1902 he joined the staff of the " So 
African News." Ed. " The Friend," 1904. 

DUGMORE, G. E., M.L.A., sits in the C 
House of Assembly in the Progressive interes 
the représentative of the électoral divii 
of Wodehouse. 

DIINBAR, Sir Drtjmmond Miles, Bart 
Johannesburg, acted for four yeeurs as Inspecte 
Mines' Sanitation under the Kriiger rég^ 
a post which he subsequently resumed (Il 
under the British administration. He mar 
Maria Louisa, dau. of J. H. Smith, of Mel^ 
Park, Lower Albany, S.A. 

DUNCAN, Patrick, of Pretoria, Trans\ 
was born in Banffshire, Scotland, and was < 
cated at Edinburgh University cmd Baliol C 
Oxon. He occupies the position of Colo 
Treasurer of the Transvaal, cuid for the i 
being fiUs the post of Treasurer-Gen. 

DUNN, Sir William, Bart., M.P., J.P. 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

the" Counties of Ronfrow and Sufïolk, of 3, 
Phillimore Gardens, Kensington, W. ; the Re- 
treat, Lakenheath, Sufïolk ; and of the Reform, 
City and City Liborcd Clubs ; is the son of John 
Dunn and Isabella Chalmers, was born at 
Paisley, 1833, whero he was educated ataprivate 
Bchool. Sir William is a senior partner in the 
banking and mercantile fîrms of William Dunn 
& Co., Broad Street Avenue, E.C. ; Mackie, 
Dunn & Co., Port Elizabeth ; W. Dunn & Co., 
Durban; Dunn & Co., East London, and was 
formerly Consul for the O.F.S. He is a 
Director of the Royal Exchange Assurance and 
Union Discount Cos. He is the first baronet, 
created 1895. Sir William has been M.P. for 
Paisley since 1891, and is aFellow of the Royal 
Greographical Society. Ho married Sarah 
Elizabeth, dau. of James Howse, Grahamstown, 

DUNNE, Col. Walter Alphonsus, C.B., of 
28, Victoria St.,S.W., and of the Junior United 
Service Club ; son of the late Jas. Dunne of 
Dublin, was bom Feb. 10, 1853 ; was educated 
at Queen's Univ., Ireland ; joined the Army 
in 1873, and has seen active service in the 
Kafir War of 1877-8; the Zulu War (being 
présent at Rorke*s Drift and Ulundi) ; the Seku- 
kuni Expédition of 1880 (despatches), the Boor 
War 1880-1 (siège of Potchefstroom ; des- 
patches) ; the EgjT^tian Campaign, 1882, 
(présent at Tel-el-Kebir) ; and the Suakin Ex- 
pédition, 1885. Col. Dunne has been Asst. 
Q.M.G. at Army Headquarters since Jan. 1900, 
and reprosents the War Office on the Army 
Mod. Advisory Board. He married, July 23, 
1885, Winifred, dau. of the late John Bird, 
CM. G., Troasurer of Natal. 

DUNTON, Henby, son of the late Rov. C. 
Dunton, of Bedford, England, who proceeded 
to S.A. when quite young, is a member 
of the firmof Dunton Bros., wholosale mer- 
chants, having branches in many parts of S.A. 
For many years, until the beginning of the late 
war, was the managing partner in Johannes- 
burg, where there was a large wholesale brïuich of 
the firm. He was married in 1901 to a daughter 
of the late Capt. Gayer, R.N. ; for the last few 
years has spent his time between S.A. and 

DU PLESSIS, Andrus Stephantjs, M.L.A., 
represents the constituency of Albert in the Cape 
Législative Assembly ; is a good speaker, and 
takes a spécial interest in coal. He was last 

elected in Feb. 1904, and is a member of tho 
S.A. party. 

DU PLESSIS, Casper Jan Hendrik, was 
born at Rustenburg in 1845, and is a near 
relative of ex-Pres. Elruger. He was said to 
enjoy a native war, and in 1891 was prevailed 
upon to stand for his native town in the Second 
Volksraad. He is a member of the Gerefor- 
meerde Church. 

DU PLESSIS, David Jacobus, M.L.A., is 
member of the Cape Législative Assembly for 
Middelburg, for wliich division he was last 
retiurned unopposod in 1904. He belongs to 
the S.A. party. 

DU PLESSIS, Revd. H., formerly Minister 
of the Dutch Reformed Church at Lindley, 
O.R.C., was always opposed to the war which 
broke out in 1899. He became chaplain of the 
Refugeo Camp at Elronstad, and eamed the 
gratitude of both sides by his impartial car© of 
the sick and wounded at Lindley. His strong 
British sympathies led to a boycott which re- 
sulted in his resigning his ministry, cmd he was 
then appointed Inspecter of Schools in the 
Transvaal under the British Adminstration 

DU PLESSIS, JoHANNES Petrus, J.P., was 
born at Gorstland Kloof, Cradock, C.C., 
where he still résides and farms. He served 
as a biu-gher in the Kafir War of 1852 ; served 
as Capt. of the Cradock burghers in the Kafir 
War of 1878, and in the Basuto War of 1880. 
He has acted as Asst.-Field-Comet since 1873, 
and has been a member of the Crewiock Divi- 
sional Council since 1876. He was made a J.P. 
in 1885. He has also served as member of the 
School Committee at Cradock ; Deacon of the 
D.R. Church, of which he is now an Elder ; 
member of the Licensing Court, and of the 
Land Commission. He was elected to the 
Cape House of Assembly in 1887, re-elected for 
Cradock at the head of the poil in 1888, and 
again in 1894. 

DU PLESSIS, Î^Iatthew Jacobus, M.L.A., 
is member of the Cape Législative Assembly for 
the Province of Cradock, and was last re-elected 
in 1904. He belongs to the S.A. party. 

DU TOIT, HoN. J. F., M.L.C., is member of 
the Cape Législative Council for the Midland 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

DU TOIT, P. J., M.L.A., was originally a 
schoolmaâter ; subsequently a storekeeper ; 
member of the Cape Législative Assembly for 
Richmond, and Près, of the Afrikander Bond. 
He was a member of the Jameson Raid Com- 
mittee, but no longer represents Richmond in 
the House. 

DYER, Bebtbam L., was born May 20, 1868, 
at Dumbleton, Gloucestershire. He is son of 
Samuel and Elizabeth Dyer ; was educated at 
home and at King's Coll., London. He 
entered the War Office as clerk, but became 
assistant librarian, Toynbee Hall and Kensing- 
ton, and was appointed Librarian of Kimberley, 
1900. He was foundor and first editor of " The 
Library Assistant " ; has read papers before 
the Library Association, S.A. Science 
Association, etc., and has also pubUshed " The 
Public Library Systems of Great Britain, Amer- 
ica and South Africa," etc., etc. He married 
Sept. 20, 1901, AUce Comish (du Lally) Wat- 
kins, of Kensington. 

ECKSTEIN, Fbiedrich, of 18, Park Lane, 
London, W., and of 1, London Wall Buildings, 
E.C., was bom in Germany in 1857, and was 
educated at Stuttgart. He is brother of the 
late Hermann Eckstein, founder of the great 
Johannesburg house of H. Eckstein & Co., 
and has always taken a leading part in matters 
affecting the main industry of the Transvaal. 
Since Mr. Lionel PhilUps came to England to 
join the firm of Wemher, Beit & Co., Mr. F. 
Eckstein was the virtual head of the Johannes- 
burg community. In 1902, however, he was 
himself taken into partnership with that firm. 
He is Johannesburg Chairman of the Rand 
Mines, Ltd., a Director in Johannesburg of the 
Village M.R. Co., and on the London Com- 
mittee of the South Km'ghts, Ltd. He married, 
April 1890, in Johannesburg, Miss Catherine 

EDGAR, CiiHTOBD Blackbxjiin, J.P., of 
Wedderlie, Queen's Road, Richmond, Surrey, 
and of the Royal Societies and Richmond Clubs, 
is the elder son of John Edgar, of Richmond 
Hill ; was born in 1857 and was educated at the 
Owens Coll., in Manchester, and has taken a 
Mus. Bac. (Lond. Univ.) and B.Sc. (Victoria 
Univ., Manchester), and is a member of the 
Standing Committee of Convocation. He is an 
original and stiU an active Director of the Niger 
Co., Ltd., and a Director of the Anglo-African 
Bcink. In 1898-9 he was Mayor of Richmond, 

and has closely identified himself with Coun* 
and Municipal work, among his public positioi 
being that of Member of the Surrey Count 
Council and the Surrey Education Committee 
He is Chairman of the Richmond Public Library . 
Committee, Hon. Treasurer of the Musical 
Association, Member of Council of the Union of 
Graduâtes in Music, and Près, of the Richmond 
Philharmonie Soc. His récréations are musio 
and travel. He married. in 1883, Miss Fowden. 

ÎJDGCUMBE, Sm Edwabd Robert Peabce, 
Knt. Bachelor, J.P., LL.D., Deputy-Lieut. ; of 
Sandye Plagie, Sandy, Beds., and of the Reform, 
Bedford County and Eighty Clubs, WÉtô bom 
at Fordington, Dorset, March 13, 1851, and is 
the représentative of the Lamerton branch of 
the Edgcumbes of Edgcumbe, near Tavistock, 
Devon, of whom the Earl of Mount Edgcumbe' s 
family is another branch. He was educated 
at Cambridge Univ. }(Queen's Prizeman, 
S. Kensington, 1868) ; obtained a studentship 
at the Royal Academy in 1874, and was called 
to the Bar at Lincoln's Inn in 1877. Sir Robert 
was appointed officiai exajniner to the High 
Court in 1883 ; contested S. Dorset in 1891 and 
1892, and was again a parUamentary candidate, 
this time for Hereford city, in 1895. He became 
High Sheriff of Cornwall in 1896. He has 
travelled considerably, and has published 
" Zephyrus, a HoUday in BrazU and the River 
Plate" (1887), ** Bastiat's Economie Fallacies " 
(last édition, 1888), " Popular Fallacies regard- 
ing Bimetallism " (1896), " Parentage and 
Kinsfolk of Sir Joshua Reynolds" (1901), and 
nvimerous magazine articles. In England he 
was the pioneer of the small holdings movement, 
creating many in Dorsetshire in 1888 (see Rider 
Haggard's "Rural England"). Sir Robert 
finds time to attend to many business interests 
in London, being a director of the N.W. Uru- 
guay Railway, the Nyassa Co., Balkis Land 
Co., South Rhodesia Goldfields and the Kanya 
Co. His récréations are boating, cycling and 
travel. He married : first, in 1884, Clara Jane 
Constance Conybeare, who died Sept. 22, 1888 ; 
and second, Aug. 6, 1891, Frances, dau. of 
Admirai F. A. C. Foley. 

EDWARDS, E. J., of Johannesburg, Trans- 
vaal, began a busy life of journalism and news- 
paper control on the staff of the " Birmingham 
Daily Mail" and the " DaUy Times," pro- 
ceeding to Cape Town in 1888 as sub-editor 
of the " Cape Argus." In the following year 
the Argus Co. a^squired the Johannesburg 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

** Stax," and Mr. Edwards was then trans- 
ferred to the Golden City as editor pro tem, 
of that important paper. In 1891 he retumed 
to Cape Town to join the staff of the " Cape 
Times," frequently acting as editor-in-charge, 
eind eventually becoming managing editor. 
During his ctôsociation with that journal he 
represented it as spécial correspondent at the 
conférences between the Govemops of the 
ce. and the Près, of the S.A.R. and O.F.S. In 
1902 Mr. Edwards negotiated, on behalf of the 
proprietors of the " Cape Times," the purchase 
of the Johannesburg " TransV€beJ Leewier," of 
which he is now Managing Director, being also 
Résident Director of the " Cape Times, Ltd.," 
in the Transvaal Colony. 

EDWARDS, Fbedebick Georges Henry, 
M.D., F.R.C.I., of Florida Road, Durban, Natal, 
is the second son of the Hon. W. E. A. Edwcurds, 
M.D., C.M.G., Member of the Executive and 
Législative Councils of Mauritius, and grandson 
of the late Hon. A. Edwards, Mayor of Port 
Louis, and Member of the Législative Council 
of Mauritius, and great-grandson of Brig.-Gren. 
W. T. Edwards, who was killed in 1826, at 
the siège of Bhurtpore, India, He was bom 
Nov. 14, 1871, in Mauritius, and was educated 
at the Royal Coll., Mauritius, and was a student 
at the Univ. of Paris, and at the Royal CoUs. of 
Physicians and Surgeons, London, graiduating 
M.D., B.A., B.Sc. (Univ. of Paris), M.R.C.S. 
Eng., L.R.C.P. Lond. He is the author of 
several well known works on Sociology, Philo- 
sophy and Medicine amongst which is the noted 
thesis on the " Acute Paralysis of the Spinal 
Cord m Adults," published in 1898 by G. Carri 
and C. Maud, edit. Paris. He has held several 
appointments as House Surgeon, House Physi- 
cian and House Accoucheur in Hospitals in 
Paris. He has studied Bacteriology at the 
Pasteur Institute in Paris, and at King's Coll., 
Lond. At présent he is a gênerai practitioner 
in Durban, Natal. He married. Sept. 8, 1898, 
Marie Vincente Costar, of Paris. 

EGLINGTON, William, of Gwanda, Sidcup, 
Kent, and of the S.A. (London) and 
Colonial Clubs, is the son of Henry Eglington, 
newspaper proprietor. Educated privately, he 
read for the Bar, but subsequently forsook the 
law for joumcJism. Was editor-proprietor 
of the " New Age " €tfid other well-known pub- 
lications ; he resuscitated " TheTatler" in 1887, 
and in 1892 founded the '* British and South 
African Export Gazette," of which he is editor j 

and proprietor, and which is one of the leading 
and most successful commercial joumals pub- 
lished. He has also been a proMc contributor 
to the magazines and daily papers on | S.A. 
fiffairs, and is the author of a number o£ 
books which hâve been widely read. Thèse 
include " The Sportsman in South Africa." Ho 
has travelled widely and has shot practically 
everything there is to shoot in S.A. His 
collection of trophies is most complète, axid 
numbers outwards of fifty-two varieties of 
euitelopes, including every S. A species. 
He was the vice-chairman of the Anglo-African 
Writer's Club in 1896 and chairman in 1896. 
His récréations axe shooting, golf, cycling» 
yachting. He mïUTied, on April 28, 1887, Lile, 
only daughter of Edward Chambers ConnoUy, 
of Clifton. 

EIFFE, LiEUT. Franz Ferdinand, 9th 
Sharpshooters (Landwehr), ICnt. Commcuider 
of the Mecldenburg Order of the Falcon, Turkish 
Order of the Medjidie, Red Cross Medal 
(Prussia), Long Service Order ; of Adolphstrasso 
45, Hamburg ; of the Harmonie Club, Hamburg, 
and the German Club, Lourenço Marques, was 
bom in Hamburg Nov. 24, 1860, He is son of 
Senator F. F. Eiffe, of that city by his wife 
Susan, née Godeffroy, of London ; was educated 
in Hamburg, and af ter being for a f ew years with 
a banking and import firm, served his year with 
the 14th Battn. at Schwerin (Mec^enburg) 
1882-3. Aiter several years in varions offices 
in England and Grermany he started at Ham- 
burg a business on his own account in 1887 ; 
opened business relations with S.A. three years 
later, becoming a partner in the firm of Seemeum 
& Eiffe, of Hamburg cmd Delagoa Bay, to 
whch latter place he went in 1895 and bought 
the so-caUed Catembe Concession in Delagoa 
Bay, eventually takmg over the whole business 
himself, and continuing it from 1896 under the 
name of F. F. Eiffe & Co. He is on the Board 
of the Centrfid Africfui Lakes Co., the S.W. 
African Schaferei Gesellschaft, the Deutsches 
Schauspielhaus Co., the " Hamburgher Nach- 
richten " Journal, and on the Committees of 
the German Red Cross Society, the Germeui 
Colonial Society, etc. He is hon. life member 
of the Thames Rowing Club, a life member of 
the S. London Harriers, and held for many years 
the German running records for several disteuices, 
notably the mile. His récréations now are 
yachting, riding and driving. He married, 
May 7, 1892, Miss Mariquita Oetling, of 


Anglo-African Who's Who 


EISSLER, M., A.I.M.E., M.LM.M., is the 
author of many standard works of référence on 
gold and its metalliirgy, including " The Cyanide 
Process for the Extraction of Gold and its Prac- 
tical Application on the Witwatersrand Gold- 
fields and dlsewhere,*' and " The Metallurgy of 

ELIOT» Snt Ghables Norton Edgctjmbe, 
K.C.M.G. (1900), C.B. (1898), M.A., of Govern- 
ment House, Mombasa ; the British Agency, 
Zanzibar ; 2, Clarges St., London, and of the 
St. Jeunes* Club ; son of the late Rev. Ed. Eliot, 
formerly Viceir of Norton Bavant ; was bom in 
1864 ; wfi» educated at Cheltenham Coll., 
Scholar of Baliol Coll., Oxon, and Fellow of 
Trinity Coll., Oxon. He entered the diplo- 
matie service as an attaché în Oct., 1886. He 
was Third Secy. at St. Petersburg, Second Secy. 
at Constantinople £hnd Washington, Chargé 
d^Af aires in Morocco, 1892-3, Bulgaria in 1896, 
and Servia in 1897. Sir Charles was British 
High Conmiissioner in Seunoa in 1899, and 
received his présent appointment as H.M. 
Conmiissioner, Commander^in-Chief and Consul- 
Gen. for the British East Airican Protectorate, 
and H.M. Agent and Consul-Gren. at Zanzibsur, 
Oct. 27, 1900. 

ELTON, EDMtJND Hallam, of East London, 
S.A., and of the Eafit London and Panmure 
Clubs (S.A.), was bom at Stoke, near Waxeham, 
Dorsetshire, in 1860. He is second son of the 
Rev. H. G. T. Elton, youngest son of Sir Chas. 
Elton, Bart., of Clevedon, Somersetshire, and 
was educated at St. Edw€u*d's Sch., Oxford. 

He sat as Town Coimcillor, East London, from 
1896 to 1899, and is Chairman of the Seamen's 
Listitute (E. London), a branch of the " Mission 
to Seamen " of London. He married Feb. 7, 
1887, Ada Constance, dau. of J. H. Webb, 
J.P., late of the Crown Lands Dept.. Cape 

ENGLISH, RoBEBT, of Scatwell, Ross-shire, 
resided for mcuiy years at Kimberley, where he 
was prominently connected with the De Beers 
Consolidated Mines. He is also Ickrgely inter- 
eeted in Transvaal and Rhodesian gold-mining 

EPLER, Adolphe, Knight of the Lnperial 
and Royal Austrian Franz Joseph's Order, of 
Johannesburg, and of the Reuid and New Clubs, 
is the son of a well-known Austrian Gk>vt. 

Officiai who at one time was Chief Inspecter ^ 
the Northern Railway System of Austria, cuid 
an Impérial Austrian Councillor. Educated in' 
Vienna, he commenced business in that city in 
1875, £hnd remained there until 1889, when he 
left for S.A. and proceeded to Johannes- 
burg, remaining there during thewhole time of 
the war. In conjunction with A. Brakhan 
and E. Boucher, he formed the Officiai Police 
for the Protection of the Mines, holding the 
rank of Capt. In May, 1901, he was ap- 
pointed by Lord Milner as a Town Councillor for 
Johannesburg, he having the unique distinction 
of being at the time the only non-British subject 
on the Council. As a représentative of Austro- 
Hungarian capital he is a director of several 
gold mining companies. He has been Président 
of the Austro-Hungarian Beneôt and Patriotic 
Society in Johannesburg since 1891, and was 
decorated by the Emperor of Austria in 1900. 
Since 1897 he has acted continuously on the 
Executive Committee of the Transvaal Chamber 
of Mines. 

ERASMUS, Commandant ; after service with 
the Boers in the late S.A. Wax visited Meulagascar 
(1902) and Argentina, with a view to fin£ng a 
suitable country for the settlement of Boer 

ESPEUT, Claude Vyvian Abmit, F.R.C.I., 
Member of the Society of Engineers ; of 77, 
Sinclair Road, Kensington, and of the Colonial 
Club, was born at Spring Garden, Jamaica, 
Oct. 3, 1875, his father having been the late 
Hon. Wm. Bancroft Espeut, F.L.S., M.L.C,, of 
Jamaica, and grandson of Peter Alexander 
Espeut, Custos of Kingston, Jamaica. Mr> 
Claude Espeut was educated at St. Paul's 
Sch., and the Crystal Palace Engineering Sch., 
and from 1894 to 1900 he was employed on 
public Works in Jamaica. In 1900-01 he was 
engaged in railway construction in Lagos, 8knd 
from 1901 he has been employed afi district 
engineer on the Gold CoÉwt Govt. Railway. 
His récréations €kre cricket, tennis, golf €uid 
cycling. Unmarried. 

ESSELEN, EwALD, is of German parentage, 
and was bom in Cape Colony. He we» educated 
in Edinburgh. At the time of the War of Inde* 
pendence he was studying medicine, £«id volun- 
teered for médical service, subsequently joining 
the Présidentes staft. On completing his légal 
éducation he was appointed Judge of the High 
Coutt of the Trcuisvaal, but relinquishing hi» 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

I ■ 

Beat on the Bench after soiue years of honourable 
service he retumed to the Bar, and took an 
active part in politics. He withdrew his strong 
support jErom Mr. Elrxiger and became the 
dominant fÉWîtor in the opposition under the 
nominal leadership of Gen. Joubert. At the 
gênerai élections of 1893 Mr. Esselen was 
elected meraber for Potchefstroom, but the 
Kriigerite polling officer stayed at nothing to 
obtadn a reversai of the élection. Dead and 
absent men recorded their votes, and Mr. Es- 
selen was declared to hâve lost his seat by 
seven votes. Mr. Esselen' s defeat was the 
worst blow to Gren. Joubert' s candidature for 
the Presidency. Subsequently Mr. Esselen 
was prevailed upon to accept the office of State 
Attomey, he stipulating that he should hâve a 
free hand in reorganizing the détective and 
police forces, which were at that time in a very 
depraved condition. The many reforms which 
he worked, with the assistance of his chief détec- 
tive, Mr. Trimble, especially as regards the 
iUicit liquor traffic, raised such opposition that 
Mr. Esselen at length resigned. 

He was admitted to practise at the Bar of the 
Suprême Court of the itansvaal Colony, Dec. 18, 

ESSER, J., ex-Judge of the High Court of 
the late S. A. R. , was admitted as an Advocate 
of the Suprême Court of the Transvaal in 1902. 

EUAN-SMITH, Col. Sm Charles Bean, 
K.C.B., C.S.I., of the United Service Club, is a 
man who has played many parts, and has gained 
no little distinction. He began his military 
career in the Indian Army in 1869, and served 
in the Abyssinian War of 1867-8 when he was 
présent at the capture of Magdala (medal). In 
1879-80 Sir Charles saw further service in the 
Afghan War, taking part in the action of Ahmed 
Khel, the affair at Urzoo, the march from Kabul 
to Kandahar, and the battle of Sept. 1. He 
was several times mentioned in despatches, and 
received the brev. of Lieut-Col., the medal with 
two clasps, and bronze star. Col. Euan-Smith 
retired from the Indian Army in 1889 ; subse- 
quently joined the diplomatie service, and was 
Minister-Resident at Bogota in 1898-99. In 
1890 he was created a Civil K.C.B., and was 
Consul-Gen. at Zanzibar, and Minister at 
Tangier 1891-93. Sir Charles Euan-Smith is 
well known in African circles in the City. He is 
Chairman and Director of several South and West 
African mining companies, in which capacities his 
abilities and expérience are highly appreciated 

by his coUeagues. Sir Charles is Chairman of the 
Abosso G.M. Co., and of the Taquah and Abosso 
G.M. Co. (1900), and a Director of the New 
African, New Egyptian, Oceana Consolidated^ 
Rhodesia, Ltd., and the Sudan Development 
and Exploration Cos. He is aiso a 'Érustee 
for the debenture holders of the French Rand 
G.M. Co., the Vogelstruis Consolidated Deep, 
and the Witwatersrand Deep. He married, in 
1877, a dau. of the late Gen. Alexander, R.A. 

EVANS, Sm Francis Henry,Bart.,K.C.M.G., 
M.P., of 40, Grosvenor Place, S.W., of Tubben- 
dens, Orpington, Kent, and of the Reform Club ; 
was educated at Manchester New Coll., and at 
Neuweid. He was in early life a pupil of the 
eminent engineer. Sir Jas. Brunle€-s. He is a 
partner in the firm of Doncdd Currie & Ce, 
and Director of the Union-Castle Line, Thames 
and Mersey Marine Insurstnce Co., fiuid the 
International Sleeping Car Co. His parlia- 
mentary career commenced in 1888 when he 
was elected for Southampton, which constitu- 
ency he retained until 1895. Defeated at the 
gênerai élection, he regained the seat in a bye- 
election in 1896. He has represented Maidstone 
in the Libéral interest since 1901. He married, 
in 1872, Marie, dau. of the late Hon. Samuel 
Stevens, Attomey-Gen. of New York. 

EVANS, Samuel, of Rhos, near Ruabon, «tnd 
of Johannesburg, started life as a joumalist ; 
went to Egypt as Sir Edgar Vincent' s private 
sec, and aiterwards entered the Khedivial 
service. Later on he went to Constantinople, 
where he became ControUer of the Impérial 
Tobacco Régie. For some years Mr. Evans 
has taken an active interest in finance in Johan- 
nesburg, and hewas admitted a partner in the 
firm of H. Eckstein & Co., in the autunui of 
1902. Incidentally he had charge of the récent 
libel action of Messrs. Wernher, Beit & Co. 
against Mr. Markham, M.P. (q.v.). He married, 
Dec. 24, 1903, Katherine, elder dau. of Richard 
Rous Mabson, éditer of the " Statist." 

EVANS, W., late of Singapore ; Protector of 
Chinese in the Straits Settlement Govt., was 
appointed to the control of the régulations for 
the importation of Chinese labour in the Trans- 
vaal in the latter end of 1903. 

EVERARD, Thomas, M.L.C, J.P., of Leeuw- 
poort, Carolina, Trcuisvaal, îb the son of Thomas 
Everard, of New Hall Parks, Thurlaston, 
Leicestershire, where he was bom in 1850. He 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

was educated at Leicester and went to S.A. 
in 1872, and settled in the Lydenburg dis- 
trict of the S.A.R. in the foUowing year, 
where he traded at the Macamsie Alluvial Gold 
Fields for several years. In 1876 he removed 
to the part now known as the Carolina district 
where he has been trading and farming ever 
since. He hcis bred horses for the last twenty- 
six years, and has been successful in breeding 
mcuiy winners on the turf, both locally and at 
the principal racing centres in S.A., and 
ako numerous prize winners at the large Agri- 
cultural Shows. During the first Sekukuni War 
he Éissisted his Boer neighbours against the 
marauding Ka£rs, and the expédition was the 
first one to successfully drive back the native 
cattle looters during the outbreak. He has 
gone thfough varions troublesome times under 
many Govts., viz. : — ^under Président Burgers, Sir 
T. Shepstone, Sir Owen Lanyon, and Président 
Kniger. During the late war, as in the one in 
1880, Mr. Everard was aUowed to remain on 
his farm without taking an active part against 
his own countrymen. After peace he was 
nominated a member of the Ermelo-Carolina 
Repatriation Gonumssion. He was appointed 
a J.P. for the district, and on the formation of 
the Législative Council was asked by the High 
Commissioner, Lord Milner, to become a nomi- 
nee member of that body. Hemarried, in 1893, 
Ella Christie, dau. of the Rev. John Christie, D.D., 
Professer of Church History, Aberdeen Univ. 

EYLES, Fbedebicb:, of Bulawayo, Rho- 
desia, €uid of the Bulawayo Club, and member 
of the Anthi^opological Institute, Folk Lore 
Society, S.A. Plulosophical Society, and 
Rhodesia Scientific Association (formerly Hon. 
Sec.), was bom at Wick, near Bath, May 10, 
1864 ; is the author of a work on Zulu Grammar, 
"Zulu Self-taught" (Juta & Co., 1900), and is 
the editor and founder of the " Bulawayo Ob- 
server." Mr. Eyles was married May 17, 1893. 

FAIRBRIDGE, Weluam Ernest, J.P., of 
Salisbury, Mashonaland, and the New Club, 
London, 8knd the Salisbury and Rand Clubs, son 
of the late W. A. Fairbridge of Port Elizabeth, 
«md grcuidson of Dr. Jas. Fairbridge, of CapeTown, 
was bom at Port Elizabeth in 1863, and was 
educated at Bedford, Eng. He has long been 
connected with joumalism. On the occupation 
of Rhodesia he represented the ** Johannesburg 
Star " and the Cape Argus," subsequently 
establishing 8knd editing the '* Rhodesia Herald." 
He is a Director of the Argus Company, con- 

trolling a large group of papers in S.A. ( 
municipality being formed in Salisbury he * 
twice elected Mayor of that town, and 
unsuccessfully contested a seat in the Rj 
desian Législative Council. Mr. Fairbridge, 

FARRAR, Majob Sib Geobqe Hebbk 
Knt., D.S.O., M.L.C., of Chicheley Hall, New- 
port Pagnell, Bucks, and of White's and Boodle's 
Clubs, wafi bom June 17, 1859. He is son cl 
the late Charles Farrar, M.D., of Chatteria, 
Cambridgeshire. Sir George began his business 
career in the engineering firm of his uncle oè 
Bedford, and early in life went out to the Cape 
Colony. But the discoveries on the Rand soon 
attracted him thither. Sir George took full 
advantage of the opportunities that ofîered, 
and it was not long before he became the head 
of one of the principal groups of mining under- 
takings, among which are the East Rand Pro- 
prietary, the Anglo-French Exploration, and 
other important Cos. He also opérâtes largely 
on joint account with Wernher, Beit & 
Co. He is Chairman of the Johannesburg 
Boards of the Agnes Mimro, Angelo, Anglo- 
French Land, Anglo-French (Transvaal) Navi- 
gation Coal Estâtes, Benoni G.M., Boksburg 
G.M., Chimes West, Cinderella, Driefontein, 
East Rand Proprietary, G.F. Co., H.F. Co., 
Kleinfontein Central, New Blue Sky, New 
Comet, New Kleinfontein, and Rand Klip- 
fontein, and is Chairman of the Penhalonga 
Proprietary Mines, besides being a director 
of several other mining and finance Cos. 

Always an uncompromising opponent of the 
Boer Government, Sir George joined the leaders 
of the Reform Party a few weeks after the 
movement started, and he was one of the four 
who, pleading gaJlty to the charge of high 
treason against the late S. A.R., were condenmed 
to death. This sentence was commuted, cmd 
after a few months he was libwated (1896) on 
pa3nnent of a fine of £25,000, £hnd on his under- 
taking not to meddle with the politics of the 
State for fifteen years. ' 

It is not generally known that after Dr. 
Jameson has crossed the Transvaal border and 
was akeady in diffîculties. Sir George had to 
be almost forcibly restrained from going out 
to the assistance of the gallant doctor. 

When the Boer War brokeout in 1899 he and 
his brother, Capt. Percy Farrar, took an active 
part in rcùsing colonial' corps, to the expense 
of which his firm contributed very large amounts. 
Sir George, who attained the rank of Maj. on 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

the Staff of the Colonial Division, accompcuoied 
Gen. Buller as guide tlirough Nated, £hnd saw 
a great deal of fighting. He was af terwards at 
the siège of Wepener ; was mentioned in des- 
patches, receiving the medeJ with three deisps, 
the D.S.O. (1900), and afterwards (in 1902) 
having the dignity of Knight Bachelor oon- 
ferred upon him in récognition of his good 
services to his coimtry. Sir Qeorge is a member 
of the Transvaal Législative Ck)uncil, through 
which, in Dec., 1903, he successfuUy 
piloted a resolution in faveur of importing 
alien coloured labour for unskilled work in the 
mines. He weis also Près, of the Transvaal 
Chamber of Mines for 1903. Sir Qeorge Farrar 
is perhaps the best trusted man among the 
British oommunity in S.A., with a really 
keen insight into the requirements of the Trans- 
vaal, a Sound ail-round record, and the highest 
personcd réputation. He has always been a 
keen patron of sport, both in S.A. and in 
England ; he was formerly sprinting champion 
of S.A., and even now is a fine point-to- 
point rider. He also takes a considérable 
interest in horse-breeding and horse-racing 
by way of pastimes. He married, June 3, 
1892, Ella Mabel, dau. of the late Dr. 
Charles Waylen, Ind. Med. Service. 

of 54, Old Broad Street, London, E.C., and of 
Johannesburg (P.O. Box 455), is son of the 
late Dr. Chas. Farrar, of Chatteris, Cambs., 
and brother of Sir Geo. Farrar, D.S.O. (q.v.), 
with whom he is in partnership under the style 
of Farrar Bros., of London cmd Johannesburg, 
the firm controlling a very large section of 
the East Rand, chiefly in the Boksburg Dis- 
trict. Mr. Sidney Farrar himself represents 
his finn's interests on the London Committees 
of the Anglo-French (Transvaal) Navigation 
Coal Estâtes (Chairman), the " H.F." Co. 
(Chairman), the Angelo, Anglo-French Land, 
Apex Mines, Benoni, Cason, Driefontein Con- 
solidated, Eastern Rand Exploration, East Rand 
Proprietary (European Committee), Klleinfontein 
Deep, New Cornet, New Kleinfontein, and Rand 
Klipfontein Cos., and he is also a Director of 
Kleinfontein Estâtes and Township, Ltd., and 
the Witwatersrand (Knights) Co. 

FAURE, HoN. J. A., was formerly senior 
member of the Cape Législative Council for 
the Western Circle. 

FAURE, HoN. Sm Pieter Hendhik, 

K.C.M.G., M.L.A., of Cape Town, is son of 
Jacobus Faure, of Eerste River famé, and 
brother of John A. Faure, the famous horae- 
breeder of that place. Piet Faure wc» brought 
up for the law, but joined Mr. A. B. de Villiem 
in the firm of De Villiers, Faure & Co., auo- 
tioneers and genercJ agents, taking a 8pe<nal 
interest in agricultural matters. Entering the 
Cape Pcurliament, he became Seoy. for Native 
Affairs on the formation of the Rhodes Ministry 
in 1890. He weathered the Ministerial crisia 
in 1893, 8knd joined Mr. Rhodes* second Cabinet 
as Colonial Secy. Li Sir G. Sprigg's thiid 
and fourth Ministries he resumed the offices 
of Secy. for Agriculture and Colonial Seoy. 
Sir Pieter Faure was last re-elected for the 
division of Namaqualand in 1904, and is a 
member of the Progressive paxty. He married 
Miss Johanna Sus£uina van der ByL 

FAWCETT, Mrs. Millioknt Gabbbtt, Hon. 
LL.D., of St. Andrew*s Univ., w€w bom 
June 11, 1847. She paid an officiai visit to 
S.A. in connection with the Concentration 
Camps, and afterwards took a joumey through 
the Cape, delivering on beheJf of the Victoria 
League during the trip some 30 lectures to 
Britons and Boers, with the object of healing 
the wounds of war £«id creating h£urmony with 
the Mother-country. Mrs. Fawcett has written 
many notable books and essays. She married 
the late Rt. Hon. H. Fawcett, formerly P.M.Q. 

FEAR, R. G. For several years a sub- 
editor of the " Western Daily Mercury," joined 
the staff of the " Midland News," C.C. in 1902. 

FELL, Henby, M.L.A., has represented 
Umgeni in the Natal Législative Assembly 
since 1883. 

FESTING, Capt. and Bbevet-Maj. Abthttb 
HosKYNS, C.M.G., D.S.O., F.R.G.S., of Bois 
Hall, Addlestone, Surrey, and of the Naval 
and Military, Royal Societies, Bath, and Im- 
périal Service Clubs, was bom in 1870, cuid 
educated on the Continent, and came to Eng- 
land, 1896, and joined Royal Military Coll., 
Sandhurst, in 1897. He was extra regimentally 
employed with the Royal Niger Co., Ltd., 
1895-98. During this period he took part in 
the opérations in the Niger, 1896-7 ; he was 
with the expéditions to the Katshella Town 
Stockade, Egbom, Bida Illorin, receiving for 
his services medal and clasp and a brevet 
majority. Later he w€ks in conmiand at Ibonsa 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

and Anam ; was on Ck)l. Pilcher's Staff at Capai 
and Argeyah (despatches and D.S.O.)* He 
served in S.A. 1900-1 in command of the llth 
M.I. €uid on Gen. C£irrington*s Stafi. From 
1901 to 1903 he was again in West Africa as 
Second in Commeuid of the W.A. Frontier 
Force (N, Nigeria Regt.), his service including 
Aro Field Force, 1901-2 (despatches, C.M.G.) ; 
Kano Expeditionary Force, 1902-3 as O.C. 
Lines of Communication (despatches). 

Capt. Festing holds three records of Airican 
big gsune, according to Rowland Ward's 
me£isurements — ^notably Kobus Kob, 191 1-16 ins. 

FIDDES, Georoe Vandeueub, C.B. (1901), 
B.A., of Pretoria, was educated at Dulwich 
Coll., and was subsequently a scholar of 
Brafienose Coll. Ozon, where he took a second- 
class in Classical Modérations in 1879. He 
W€U3 appointed a Clerk in the Colonial Office 
in 1881, after compétitive examination, and 
bas since served as Private Seoy. to Lord Onslow 
(1887), Baron H. de Worms (1882-92), and Su- 
Robert Meade, March, 1896. Li that year 
he was promoted to a first-class Clerkship in 
the Colonial Office, and was subsequently 
appointed Secy. to the High Commissioner, 
Cape Colony. 

FIENNES, HoN. Eustacb, Capt. Oxford- 
shire Yeomanry, of 8, CromweU Place, London, 
S.W., and of the Orléans, Cavalry, Prince's and 
S. A. Clubs, is the second son of the 14th 
Baron Saye and Sele, of Broughton Castle, 
Banbury. He was educated at Malvem Coll., 
and has had a distingmshed military career. 
In addition to serving with distinction in the 
North-West Rébellion, Egypt (medal and clasp, 
€uid Eliedive's Star), he served in the Pioneer 
Expédition to Rhodesia in 1890 in the B.S.A. 
Pohce, and also during the récent S.A. War 
(medal and three clasps). Li 1900 he con- 
tested North Oxf ordshire in the Libéral interest, 
and was defeated by 733 votes. He intends 
standing as the Libéral candidate at the next 
élection. He married, Nov. 6, 1894, Florence 
Agnes, widow of Arthur Fletcher, and dau. 
of John Bathfelden, Belleombre, Constantia, 
Cape Town. 

FINLAYSON, Lieut.-Col. Robert AIiEx- 
AKDEB, C.M.G., of Kimberley and the Kim- 
berley Club, was bom Oct. 11, 1857, at Edin- 
burgh, where he received his éducation. He 
went to S.A. in 1875. Li 1882 he w€U3 in the 
service of the Railway Dept., and joined the 

Hon. J. D. Logan in business in 1884, rem 
ing with him until 1892. He joined the Kj 
berley Volunteers as a Lient, in 1 890, and receii 
his majority in 1895. He commanded the 
fckntryin the Bechuanalcuid Rébellion of 189(r 
and became Lieut.-Col. in *98. Li the 1 
S.A. War he commanded the Kimberley^R 
and a section of the Defence Force during 
siège of Kimberley, afterwards being secoj 
in command of a column operating in 
O.R.C. and the Transvaal. He wai^ mentiouo» 
in despatches and received the C.M.G. (1901). 

Col. Finlayson identifies himself with aU 
forms of sport, and was for some years Près, 
of the Diamond Fields Scottish Association. 
His chief récréations are hunting and shooting. 

FINNEMORE, Hon. Robert Isaac, J.P., 
of Elim House, Pietermaritz St., Maritzburg, 
was bom at Addington Pajk, Surrey, Oct. 29, ' 
1842. He ia eldest son of the late Isaac Powell 
Finnemore, of Balljrward, co. Wicklow, and 
his wife Jane (bom Clark). His paternal- 
descent is traced to one of two brothers who 
went to Irelandfrom Devonshire with CromweU 
in 1649, the original family coming from 
the Oxfordshire village of Finemere, whence 
the name De Finemere. He was educated 
at the Church of England Gram. Sch. and 
Bishopstown Mission Station, where he was a 
pupil teacher, and entered the Natal Civil 
Service Aug. 4, 1858, as pupil- Asst. to the 
Surveyor-Gen., being appointed second clerk 
in Mckrch, 1895. He passed the exam. in 
the theory and practice of land surveying 
in 1863 ; was Chief Clerk, Draughtsmcm, emd 
Examiner of surveyor's work in 1864 ; was 
transferred to the Law Dept. at his own request 
in 1865, and was called to the Bar in 1868 ; 
acted as Clerk of the Peace and Magistrate 
at Wrenen and Maritzburg, and was Master 
and Registrar of the Suprême Court cmd 
Surveyor-Gren. from 1870 to 1874. He was 
Postmaster-Gen. 1876-77 ; Acting Col. Trea- 
surer in 1877 ; Magistrate at Maritzburg 1877- 
78 ; Master and Registrar of the Suprême 
Court and Registrar of the Vice-Adtmralty 
Court, 1878-81. He was appointed J.P. for 
Natal in 1881, and was Magistrate at Durban 
from that year until 1889 ; was acting Puisne 
Judge in 1883 ; Marriage Offîcer at Durban 
1887-89 ; Collector of Customs, Registrar of 
Shipping, Emigration Offîcer and Harbour 
Commissioner, 1889 ; has served on numerous 
commissions and boards ; was Deputy Chcûr- 
m£ui of the Harbour Bocurd, 1881-89 ; Chairman 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

of the Zulu War Relief Fund ; Près, of the 
Pietermaritzburg Collegiate Institution ; Crown 
Solioitor €Uid Parlicunentary Draughtsman, 
1804-96 ; was appointed Puisne Judge Nov. 
1» 1806 ; bas been Senior Puisne Judge from 
1902, emd bas acted aa Cbief Justice of Natal. 

Heedited the ** Natal AlmancM) and Register," 
1876-78 ; published a " Digest of Décisions 
of the Suprême Court " for 1860-63 and 1866-67, 
and is author of " Natal Law Reports " for 1872, 
1873, 1879, 1881, etc. 

In Freemasonry he is Past Dist. Grand 
Master ; Pa^t Dist. Grand Mark Master ; Pa^t 
Grand Superintendent Royal Arch. ; Past 
Provincial Prier of the Temple and Malta ; 
Sovereign Grand Inspector-Greneral, 33° ; Intend- 
ant General Knight of Rome and Constantine, 
Knt. of the Royal Order of Scotland, Knt. 
Commaiuler of the Temple, etc. Hehcisworked 
in the tempérance cause ; is Past Grand Vice- 
Templar ; bon. member of Rechabites, 8knd 
Près, of various religious and temperguice 
organizations. For the public libraories and 
many other institutions of Maritzburg and 
Durban he bas done good service as Près, and 
otherwise. He fonnerly gave lectures on the 
most varied topics ; was Lay Reaider, Church- 
warden, and occasional Preacher (C. of E.). 
He was long connected with the Maritzburg 
Agricultural Society, and was constituted, 
honoris causa, a life member of the Society and 
of its managing committee. He is life member of 
the St. John Ambulance Assoc, and of thechief 
Masonic institutions. He is also F.R.A.S., 
F.R.G.S., F.Z.S., F.A.I., F.R.Met.S., F.R.Hist.S., 
F.S.S., M.S.A., F.R.C.I., F.I.I., Hon. Corr. 
Mem. V.I., Mem. Amer. Ac8id. Polit, and 
Soc. Se, Mem. Astron. S. of Pacific, Mem. of 
Brit. Astron. Assoc, Mem. Selden Soc, Mem. 
of the S.A. Philosoph. Soc, and of numerous 
other Societies. He married, June 7, 1887, 
Catherine Augusta, dau. of John Russom, J.P., 
some time Mayor of Maritzburg, and ha.s issue 
two sons and four daughters. 

FINNIE, John Pulsfobd, F.R.C.L, of 
" Bon-Accord," Gwelo, Rhodesia, and the 
Gwelo Club, is the eldest son of John Finnie, 
a Scotch lawyer, emà was bom in 1860 at 
Aberdeen. He was educated at Fortrose 
Acad. and King's Coll., Aberdeen, and 
went to S.A. in 1885 ; after a short rési- 
dence in Natal and the Transvaal he beceune 
one of the early pioneers of Rhodesia. In 
1890 he was taken prisoner by the Portuguese 
at Beira, at the time that Sir John Willoughby 

tried to force the East Coast Route to Salis- 
bury. From 1891 to 1893 he was shooting big 
game between the Pungwe and Zambesi Rivera. 
In 1892 he spent some little time with Seloua 
in the vicinity of Sacramento, and in 1893 was 
obliged to retum to Natal owing to having 
been severely mauled by a lion. In 1894 ha 
wfi» again in Matabelelcind, and took an active 
part in the Rébellion of *96. In '97 he leo- 
tured throughout the North of Scotland on 
Rhodesia and S.A.- generally. 

He is senior partner of the finn of Finnie 
& Finnie, Agents £hnd Brokers of Gwelo, and 
is interested in many mining ventures. 

FITZ-PATRICK, Sm James Pbboy, Knight 
Bachelor, M.L.C., of Hohenheim, Johannea- 
burg, and of Bucklcmd Downs, Harrismithy 
O.R.C., was bom at King WiUiam*s Town, 
July 24, 1862. He is the son of the Hon. 
James Coleman Fitz-Patrick, an Irish bar* 
rister, who supported the poUtical fortunes of 
Daniel O'Connell in bis declining yeeurs, as well 
as those of the Liberator's son, John O'Con- 
nell, £hnd who afterwards beocune Judge of the 
Suprême Court of the C.C. Sir Percy was 
educated at St. Gregory's Coll., Downside, 
near Bath, and went to the TransvaeJ in 1884, 
where he bas resided practically ever since» 
either on the alluvial diggings, or trcMling» 
hunting, or prospecting. In 1886 he settled 
at Barberton, leaving there three years lat^r 
for the Witwatersrand. He accompanied the 
Randolph Churchill expédition through 
Mashonaland in 1891, and in 1892, on retum- 
ing to Johannesburg, took charge of the Intel- 
ligence Department of the firm of H. Eckstein 
& Co., of which he became a partner in 1898, 
representing the firm on the boards of mcuiy 
of the premier mining Cos. of the Rand. 
Few men are more conversant with ail the 
detcûls of the mining industry, or with the 
gênerai afEairs of the Transvacd than Sir Percy, 
as those will know who remember his évidence 
before the Industrial Commission in 1897, and 
subsequently before the Concessions Com- 
mission. He was one of the first to become 
associated with the Reform Committee in 
1895, to which he acted as an indefatigable 
Hon. Secretary. For his participation in that 
movement he was arrested in Janueury, 1896, 
and with other ringleaders was refused bail. 
He was put on trial in April for high treason 
against the Govt. of the S.A.R., and waa 
condemned to suffer two years' imprison- 
ment, to pay a fine of £2,000, or as an eitema- 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

tive another yeaor's imprisonment, and there- 
after to be bajiished from the State for a period 
of three yeaxB. This sentence was reduced to one 
year's imprisonment in the folio wing May, but 
he wafi released during the same month. 

In 1897, when everybody thought (and 
rightly) that the IndustiicJ Commission was 
intended merely as a farce. Sir Percy never- 
theless pressed hard for the Uitlcuiders to take 
it seriously, if only for the purpose of once 
more putting their case on record. In Feb., 
1899, although this fact is not generally known, 
it was he who suggested to the Transvaal 
Qovt. a conférence between Mr. Kriiger 
and Lord Milner, and another between the 
Govt. and the people of Johannesburg. 
This was a most eamest and sincère efiorb to 
avert war, as Sir Percy plainly stated, and his 
suggestions resulted in the "' Bloemfontein 
Conférence " and the " Capitalist Negotia- 
tions." However, thèse meetings were tumed 
by the Boer Govt. to purposes other than 
pea.ce. As évidence of his party*s sincerity, 
he proposed, in order to remove causes of con- 
stant friction, that the mining people should 
forego their Bewaarplaatsen Rights, cuid buy 
them at a valuation instead of going to law 
cmd to the Rend for restitution in toto, and 
should also acquiesce in the Dynamite Monopoly, 
*^ provided the profits, as origincJly intended, 
should go to the Gk)vt." ; in îact, that the 
terms of the original concession should be 
enforoed, if the Govt. would introduce the 
reforms in administration of the Liquor cuid 
other laws, as recommended by the Indus- 
trial Commission, and make some équitable 
concession of poUtical rights to the Uitlanders. 
When the Capitalist Negotiations came about 
the Govt., at first through Mr. Lippert, 
and afterwards through Dr. Leyds and Mr. 
Reitz, refused to allow Sir Percy (although 
a partner in the leading house of Eckstein) 
to take part. He was the one b£urred. As 
soon, however, a^ the Government tried to 
introduce the Franchise question, the other 
représentatives of the Capitalists refused to 
take pÉurt until Sir Percy Fitz-Patrick and 
some other représentatives of the Uitleuiders 
were admitted. After some delay the Govt. 
gave way, but Sir Percy would not par- 
ticipate in the negotiations without a written 
invitation which would release him from the 
condition of three years' silence which had 
been imposed on him in connection with the 
Reformers' sentences. This was given, cmd Sir 
Percy, having been authorized by the repré- 

sentatives of ail classes to voice their ca 
went into the matter heart and soûl, incidenta 
proving step by step how the Govt. h 
authorized the negotiations, and showing t. 
devices by which they had sought to invei 
the negotiators into a false move. Sir Pe*, 
drew up the five years' Franchise memorandu 
which was embodied in the Capitalist Nego- 
tiators' documents (published in Mckrch c^ 
April, 1899), and which afterwards served as 
the basis of Lord Milner*s Bloemfontein pro- 
posais. Before sending this mémo, in, ho 
showed it to the State Secy; and State 
Attomey in Pretoria, who both said that it 
was absolutely just, but that Mr. Kriiger 
would never be induced to agrée to it. Sir 
Percy's answer to this was, " Well, let us try. 
Let it be a basis for discussion, to bring us 
together, and avert trouble." 

Sir Percy, as spokesman for the guarantora 
of the War Locui and représentative of the 
public committee, took a principal part in 
the War Debt negotiations with Mr. Chamber- 
lain. He is one of the non-official members 
of the first Transvaal Législative Council, and 
was elected by that body as one of the two 
Transvaal Représentatives on the Inter- 
Colonial CouncÛ of the Transvaal and O.R.C., 
from which he resigned in 1904. He was 
Près, of the Witwatersrand Chamber of Mines 
in 1902. 

Sir Percy has a facile pen. He was years 
ago éditer of the " Barberton Herald," and 
besides many able contributions to the Press 
on questions of the moment, he has published 
an account of his Meishonaland trip, " Through 
Mashonaland with Pick and Pen," and a chfiupm- 
ing volume of short stories under the name of 
"The Outspan." But in England he will be 
more generally known as the author of " The 
Transvaal from Within" — a work which is 
everywhere regarded as the text-book upon 
the events which led up to the inception of 
the Reform movement, and eventusJly cul- 
minated in raid and war. Sir Percy was made 
a Knight Bachelor in 1902 in récognition of 
his great services in connection with S.A. 
He married, February 16, 1889, Elizabeth 
Lillian, dau. of John Cubitt, of Pretoria. 

FLEMING, Db. Andrew Mh^rog, C.M.G. 
(1898), of Salisbury, Rhodesia, and of the Bad- 
minton Club, was bom at Edinburgh, Jan. 28, 
1871. He is son of Rev. John Fleming, of 
Edinburgh ; was educated at Durham Soh. 
and Edinburgh Univ., and holds the de* 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

grées M.B.,C.M., F.R.C.S.E.,and D.P.H.Camb. 
He has been for many years in S.A. ; served in 
the Msbshonaland Rébellion in 1896-97 ; is 
Médical Director and Inspecter of Hospitals for 
Rhodesia, and P.M.O. of the B.S.A. Police. He 
married, in 1896, Philadelphia Alice, dau. of the 
late Wm. Fisher, of British Columbia. 

FLEMING, Charmcs David, J.P., of Gwelo, 
Rhodesia, is son of Rev. John Fleming, of Edin- 
burgh, where he wafi bom Sept. 15, 1869 ; was 
educated at the Edinburgh Acad. and 
Univ., and joined the B.S.A. Co.'s service, Oct. 
28, 1895. He served through the Matabele Ré- 
bellion in 1896 (medal), and was appointed Mining 
Comniissioner at Gwelo April 1, 1899. He 
married, June 3, 1903, Lily, youngest dau. of 
the late Donald Mackenzie, J.P., of Gaisloch, 

FLINT, Rev. William, D.D., of Walmunster 
Park, Rosebcuik, C.C, was bom at Stand- 
bridge, Bedford, and educated at Leighton 
Buzzard and Headingley CoU. ; entered the 
ministry of the Wesleyan Methodist Church in 
1879 ; was ordained at Hull in 1882, and re- 
ceived appointments at Torquay, WiUiton, 
Weston-super-Mare and Boumemouth. His 
heath failmg, he visited S.A. in 1889, where 
he travelled for two years, cmd in 1892 
joined the Conférence of the Wesleyan Methodist 
Church of S.A., and was appointed succes- 
sively to Maritzburg and Cape Town. He 
founded and was the first editor of " The Metho- 
dist Churchman," and later became a minister 
without pastoral charge. In 1899 he was 
elected second Près, of the Cape Peninsula 
Church Council. In 1901 he was appointed 
Librarian of the Cape Parliament. He is a 
Doctor of Divinity of the Wesleyan Theological 
Coll. of the McGill Univ., Montréal, a Mem- 
ber of the Council of the University of the 
Cape of Good Hope, of the S.A. Philosophi- 
cal Society, and also of the S.A. Ajbso- 
ciation for the Advancement of Science, 
being appointed editor of the first volume of the 
proceecQngs of the latter association. Has con- 
tributed extensively to reviews, magazines and 
joumals. He married, in 1892, Margaret, dau. 
of Alexcuider McGregor of Rondebosch, for- 
merly Mayor of Kimberley. 

FLOYER, Ernest Ayscoghe, of Skidbrook, 
neckr Louth, Lines., and of the Oriental Club, was 
bom in Lincolnshire July 4, 1852 ; was educated 
at Charterhouse ; joined the Bengal Civil Ser- 

vice (uncovenanted) in 1869 ; was ccdled to 
Egypt to assist in ref orms in connection with the 
Railways and Telegraphs in 1878, and has re- 
mained there ever since, taking part in the cam- 
paign of 1882 (Egyptian medal and clcusp, bronze 
star). He is the author of " Unexplored Balu- 
chistan," *' Etude sur le Nord Etbai," and cer- 
tain scientific papers in Arabie. He marriedy 
Sept. 1, 1887, Miss Mary Louisa Watson. 

(local Lient. -Col.), entered the Royal Artillery 
as Lient, in 1894; obtcûned his Captcôncy in 
1895, and beceune Major in 1900. In the late 
Anglo-Boer War he served on Lord Methuen*8 
Stsâ in the advance on Elimberley, and was sub- 
sequently with Lord Roberts' Anny up to the 
capture of Pretoria and the opérations to the east 
of that place. 

With the loccd rank of Lient. -Col. he took part 
in the opérations against the Mullah in Somali- 
land in 1903-04, and was slightly wounded at 

FORRESTER, Thomas Paul Wallaoe, o£ 
48, Kensington Mcuxsions, London» was bom at 
Gravesend, England, in 1853 ; is the eldest son 
of WilUeun Alex£uider Forrester, of Juniper 
Green, Edinburgh, and waa educated at ^e 
Albion House Acad., Woolwioh. He has 
been connected with the S.A. trade nearly 
ail his life with the great ship owners and 
shipping house of Houlder Brothers & Co., Ltd.» 
of which he is now Mcmaging Director, andhe 
is also a Director of the Houlder Line, Ltd. 
During this time he has made mcuiy visite 
to S.A. He has had nearly 23 years' ser- 
vice as an officer in the Essez Volunteer Ar- 
tillery, joining as Second-Lieut. and retiring in 
1899 with the rank of Lient. -CoL and the Volun- 
teer Décoration (1898), since when he has con- 
tinued to render service on the Council of the 
National Artillery Association. His principal 
récréations aore boating and wàUdng. Mr. 
Forrester was married in 1880 to Mary, dau. 
of Henry Mills, of London. 

FORT, Geobge Seymouii, of 2, Little Stan- 
hope Street, Mayfair, emd of the Bath Club, is 
the son of the Rev. B. Fort, Rector of Cooper- 
sale, Essox, and was educated at Uppingham 
and Oxford where he graduated B.A. He was 
Private Secy. to M&j.-Gen. Sir Peter Scratchley, 
High Commissioner of New Guinea and the 
Western Pacific, 1885-86; Private Secy. to ^é 
Right Hon. Lord Loch, Melbourne, Victoria, 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

1886-89. In the latter year he proceeded to 
Cape Town, where he remained until 1891. He 
was appointed msigistrate in Umtali, Manicaland, 
m 1893. Mr. Fort was well known in the row- 
ing world, having taken part in the Oxford and 
Cambridge races in 1893-94. He is the author 
of varions «articles on Anstralia and S.A., which 
at the time of publication excited great interest. 

FOSTER, Edwabd William Perceval, 
CM. G., Second Class Order of the Osmania, 
Second Class Order of the Medjidieh, of 7, Rue 
des Ptolemées, Alexandria, Egypt, was bom in 
Mauritius Dec. 26, 1850. He is son of the late 
Major-Gen. E. H. H. Foster of the 12th Regt. 
axid the 18th Regimental District, his mother 
b^ng youngest dau. of Capt. G. Fairbaim Dick, 
late Colonial Secy., Mauritius. He was educated 
privately and at the Thomason Engineering 
Coll., Roorkee, India. He joined the Irrigation 
Branch of thé Indian Public Works Dept. in 
1871, and was selected for eniplo3nnent in the 
Irrigation Service of Egypt in 188é. He re- 
signed his office under Govt. ten years 
later to take up the mcuiaging direction of the 
Bahera Company, which is largely interested in 
leuid recleunation. He married, Feb. 24, 1875, 
Annie, youngest dau. of the late Christopher 
StrcMïhan, of Invemess. 

FOSTER, J.,M.L.A.,is a member of the S.A. 
pcurty, and was elected to represent the division 
of Oudtshoom at the gênerai élection in Feb., 

FOX, Sm Douglas, Knt., of 12, Queen's 
Gâte Gardens, S.W., and the St. Stephen's 8knd 
National Clubs, w€U3 bom at Smethwick, May 14, 
1840 ; is the eldest surviving son of the late Sir 
Charles Fox; was educated at Cholmondeley 
Sch., Highgate, and King's Coll., London, of 
which he is a Fellow. Hé is a civil, mechanical 
£hnd electriccd engineer, and senior partner of the 
firm of Sir Douglas Fox and Partners ; Past Près, 
of the Institute of Civil Engineers, Member of 
the Institutes of Mechanical £hnd Electrical En- 
gineers, €uid Hon. Member of the American 
Institutes of Civil and Mechanical Engineers. 
Sir Douglas has been prominently identified 
with railway enterprise in S.A. He is 
joint engineer with Sir Charles Metcalfe to the 
Rhodesian and Meishonaland Railways, Joint 
Consulting Engineer to the Cape Govt. Railways, 
and Joint Consulting Engineer to the African 
Concessions Co., which holds the concession for 
the use of the water power of the Victoria FaQs. 

He w£is knighted in 1886 in connection with 
work as engineer of the M^rsey Railway tui 
He married, May 26, 1863, Mary, dau. of the 
Francis Wright, of Osmaston Manor, Derby. 

FOX, Henby Wilson, B.A., of 4, Hall 
Street, London, S.W., and of the Junior Carltij 
Wellington, and Prince's Clubs, was bom 
CavencUsh Squcure, London, Aug. 18, 1863. juv 
is the son of Wilson Fox, M.D., Physician in 
Ordinary to her late Majesty Queen Victoria; 
was educated at Charterhouse, Mcu'lborough 
Coll., Univ. Coll., Lond., cmd Trinity Coll., 
Camb., of whîch he was Exhibitioner £md 
Scholar ; B.A., Naturel Science Tripos. He 
was called to the Bar, Nov. 29, 1888, and wa9 
Equity Scholar of Lincoln's Inn (1888). He was 
adinitted Advocate of the Suprême Court of the 
Colony of the Cape of Gk)od Hope, and Advocate 
of the High Court of Southern Rhodesia in 1894. 

Mr. wSson Fox went to Johannesburg at the 
beginning of 1889, and in 1892 beccune editor of 
the "S.A. Mining Journal," in which capacity 
he assisted Mr. John Hays Hammond in draf ting 
the Rhodesian Mining Laws, which first brought 
him into touch with Mr. Rhodes, and led to his 
being appointed Public Prosecutor of Rhodesia 
in the same year. He served through the rising 
in Matabelelcuid with the Salisbury-Gwelo 
Relief Colimm in 1896, and in the following year 
he went through the Mashonaland campcûgn as 
Director of Transport and Commissariat, with 
quite exceptional success under quite exceptioncd 
difficulties (despatches, medal, with clasp). He 
retumed to England for a holiday in May, 1897» 
and was unexpectedly offered the appointment, 
in June, 1898, of Manager of the B.S.A. Co* 
— a responsible and arduous position which 
he still fiUs (now jointly with Mr. J. F. Jones, 
q.v.), aiso representing the Chaxtered Co. on 
the boards of many of the principal Rhodesian 
Cos. He took a large share in the extraordinarily 
successful flotation of the Charter Trust and 
Agency, of which he is also a Director. His duties 
mainly lie in connection with the commercial 
aspect of the Chartered Co., for which his ail- 
round knowledge of mining, finance and law 
gives him exceptional authority. Mr. Fox is one 
of the most popular men in S.A. circles ; isafine 
speaker, and a fervid supporter of the imperial- 
istic ideals of the late Cecil Rhodes. He repre- 
sented Cambridge University at lawn tennis in 
1885-6, and has made that game and golf his 
principal récréations since. He married, July 
19, 1898, the Hon. Eleanor Sclater-Boothe, a 
sister of the présent Lord Basing. 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

FRASER, WniOAM Pbbcy, of Johannesburg, 
and of the I^etoria and Rand Clubs, was bom at 
Ipswich, Oct. 26, 1849. He is son of Wm. 
Fraser, of j Grimdisburgh Hall, near Woodbridge, 
Suffolk ; was educated at the Gr£u:n. Sch., 
Ipswich, and went to S.A. in 1879, serving as a 
Volunteer during the siège of Pretoria, 188Q-1. 
In conjunction with the late Advocate, H. W. A. 
Cooper, of Pretoria, he formulated the Grold 
Law No. 1 of 1883 ; was a member of the first 
Diggers* Conunittee of the Witwatersreuid 
throughout its existence ; was a member of the 
National Union at Johannesburg prier to the 
S.A. War of 1899, and was afterwards a member 
of the Uitlander Committee at Durban. Mr. 
Fraser has been on the Witwatersrand Council 
of Education since its inception, and is a member 
of the goveming body of the Technical Institute 
for the Transv€bal. He married Miss EUen Maud 
Cook, of Estcourt, Natal. 

FREMANTLE, Professob Henby Eardly 
Sticphen, M. a., F. s. s., of Bedwell Cottage, 
Rosebank, C.C. ; Swanboume, Muizenburg, 
ce, and the Civil Service Club, Cape 
Town, was bom at Bedwell Park, Hatfield, 
Herts, Aug. 6, 1874 ; is the son of the Hon. and 
Very Rev. W. H. Fremantle, Dean of Ripon, 
who was son of the first Lord Cottesloe 8uid the 
Hon. Mrs. W. H. Fremantle. He was educated 
at Eton and Oriel Coll., Oxon,. ; First Class 
Classics, Oxon, 1895-7 ; Lecturer in Greek at 
TJniversity Coll., Aberystwyth, 1897-8 ; Lec- 
turer, Worcester Coll., Oxon., 1898-9 ; Professer 
of English and Philosophy at the S.A. Coll., 
Cape Town, 1899 ; Member of the University 
Council, 1899 ; Prof essor of Philosophy alone 
at the S. African Coll., 1903. In 1903 
he was Secy. of Section " D " of the South 
African Assn. for the advancement of Science, 
and Mem. of the Council of the Assn., and pro- 
ceeded to England in that year to coUect funds 
in aid of the Prince of Wcdes' Professorship of 
History at the S.A. Coll. Prof. Fremantle 
published in 1899 " Oxford, A Retrospect 
from South Africa " ; he edited the ** South 
African Educator " m 1902, and in 1903 he re- 
signed his professorship at the S.A. Coll. to be- 
come joint-ed. of the Bond paper, the " South 
African News,'* and Director of the S.A. 
Newspaper Co. In politics, he was a Progressive 
until the split in that party on the question of 
Suspension, when he went over to the new S.A. 
p€ffty. In view of the changes in parties 
which hâve recently taken place in S.A. he is 
careful to define himself further as not of the Old 

S.A. pasty, or of the New Progressive party. 
He was unsuccessful Bond candidate at the 
gênerai élection in C.C. in 1904. He mar- 
ried, Apr. 20, 1899, Margaret Elizabeth, 
youngest dau. of Alexander McMsDonald, 
Keeper of the University Galleries, Oxon. 

FROST, Hon. John, M.L.A., C.M.G., oi 
Thibet Park, Queenstown, C.C, is a progres- 
sive farmer in that division. He served aa 
Conmiandant of Volunteersin the frontier wara 
of 1877-78, receiving the thanks of Parliament 
and the C.M.G. for his services. He entered 
the Cape Parliament as member for Queenstowm 
as far ba^sk as 1874, and has represented that 
division ever since, being last re-eleoted in 1904. 
He took office in the second Rhodes Ministry in 
1893, first as Secy. for Native Affaira and 
then as Secy. for Agriculture, going out in the 
great Rhodes smash in 1896. In 1900, however, 
he entered Sir G. Sprigg's Cabinet as*Minister 
without portfolio, but in June, 1902, he beoame 
Secy. for Agriculture. He was not included in 
Dr. Jeuneson's Cabinet in 1904, although he is a 
supporter of his party. 

FULLER, Hon. Abthub John, M.L.A., a 
merchant and farmer of the Eastem Province 
of the Cape Colony. He is a strong supporter 
of the Progressive cause in the Colony ; was 
re-elected member of the Législative Assembly 
for Tembuland at the gênerai élection in Feb. 
1904, and joined Dr. Jameson's first Ministry aa 
Secy. for Agriculture in the same month. 

FULLER, Thomas Ekins, Agent-Gen. for 
Cape of Good Hope, of 100, Victoria Street, S.W., 
39, Hyde Park Gâte, S.W., and of St. Stephen'a 
Club, Westminster, was born at West Drayton, 
Middlesex, in August, 1831, is the son of the Rev. 
Andrew Gunton Fuller, and was educated at 
Bristol Coll. He became Baptist Minister at 
Melksham (Wilts), Lewes and Luton in the early 
part of his career, and contributed to the London 
Press until Aug., 1864, when he proceeded to 
Cape Town, there to become Ed. of the " Cape 
Argus." He was Cape Govt. Emigration Agent 
in London from 1873 to 1875, when he resigned 
that office to accept the gênerai managership of 
the Union Steamship Co.'s Agency in the Cape 
Colony. This latter office he held until Dec. 
1898, when he resigned it and became a Director 
of De Beer's Consohdated Mines, Ltd., in the 
Colony. He was elected a Member of the House 
of Assembly for Cape Town in 1878, 1884 and 1888, 
and resigned his seat therein on being ofEered the 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

office o£ Agent-Gren. for the Cape of Good 
Hope in London, the duties of which he 
assumed onjan. 1, 1902. Hemarried: fîrst, in 
1855, Mary Playne, dau. of Isaac ELillier, of 
Nailsworth, Glos. ; and second, in 1875, EÛza- 
beth Fuller, dau. of the Kev. Thos. Mann, of 
Cowes, I.W. 

FULLER, William Henby, of Bast London, 
S.A., and of the Eafit London and King Wil- 
liam's Town Clubs, is the son of T. E. Fuller, 
C.M.G. (q.v.), Agent-Gren. for the Colony of 
the Cape of Good Hope. He was bom Jidy 6, 
1858, at Melksham, Wiltshire, and was educated 
at the S.A. Coll., Cape Town, 8knd the 
London Univ. Sch. He has the medal for 
the Kcbôr Weir 1877, and during the Boer 
War, 1899-1902, he commcuided as Lient. -Col. 
the Eafit London Town Guard. At the présent 
he is Director of Dyer & Dyer, Ltd., Chcûrman 
of the East London Hckrbour Board and Con- 
sukur-Agent for the U.S.A. He takes a great 
interest in athletic sports, and is Près, of the 
East London Bowing Association. 

GARDINER, Edwabd Bennett, of é, 
Bichenhall Mansions, Portman Square, London ; 
Carse Grange, Errol, Perthshire, Scotland ; and 
of the City (Cape Town), Rand, Gresham, and 
S.A. Clubs ; is the eldest son of the late George 
Gcurdiner, of Dublin, and is descended from an 
old Perthshire family, the late George Gar- 
diner having been one of the first managers of 
the National Bcuik of Lreland. Mr. E. B. 
G6urdiner resided for five years in Bohemia, 
Austria (at the outset of his career), where he 
represented the London Board of Directors of a 
large coUiery Co. carrying on business in Bo- 
hemia ; he then entered the service of the 
Stcuidsurd Bank of S.A., Ltd., where he remained 
for over thirty yesurs, retiring therefrom in j£ui., 
1902. IXiring Mr. Gardiner's period of service 
in the Standctrd Bank he held for a considérable 
time the post of Manager at the Johannesburg 
Branch, cuid from this position he was promoted 
to the office of Assist. Gen. Manager of the Bank 
in S.A., which office he held on his retirement. 
Mr. Gardiner is well known throughout S.A., 
and is now résident in London and holds seats 
on the Boards of the f ollowing Cos. : the Johan- 
nesburg Consolidated Livestment Co., Ltd.; the 
Carlton 'Hotels (S.A.), Ltd. (Chairman) ; the 
Kitson Inccmdescent Lighting Co. of S.A., Ltd. ; 
the British Engineers' Alliance, Ltd., and is on 
the London Committee of South Knights, Ltd., 
and the Hercules Deeps, Ltd. He married, in 

1868, Sidonia, dau. of the late Capt. F. '^ 
Docringk, of the Austrian Army, and has i» 
one son, Frederick Maurice Gardiner, and t 
daughters, Maideline Louisa Sidonia (msuried 
E. M. Clarke), and Ester Annabel. 

GARDINER, Fbederiok Geobge, B.A., of 
Hillside, Bower Road, Wynburg, Cape Town, anA_ 
of the Civil Service Club (C.T.), was bom ift 
London Apr. 19, 1874. He is only son of E. B. 
Gardiner (q.v.) ; was educated at the Diocesaa 
Coll., Rondebosch, and at Keble Coll., Oxon» 
and graduated B.A. at the Cape Univ. and 
at Oxford. He waa called to the Bar of the 
Middle Temple about the year 1896, and prac- 
tises at the Cape Bar. He has already been 
senior counsel in several important cases, and 
amongst other causes célèbres he conducted the 
défonces of Gen. Kritzinger and Judge Koch, 
both of whom were acquitted. He waa also 
engaged in the famous Princess RadziwiU case 
and in the Cape " ragging " case, Stamford v. 
certain offîcers. Mr. Gardiner is a member of 
the Council of the Diocesan Coll., Rondebosch, 
and married, Jan. 6, 1901, Stella Clare Brailey, 
dau. of an English bcmk manager. 

GARDNER, Lieut.-Col. Alan, J.P., D.L., 
of Clearwell Cafitle, Glos. ; 5, Grosvenor Crescent, 
Belgrave Squcure ; and of the Turf, White*s, €«id 
St. James' Clubs, was bom Nov. 19, 1846 ; is 
son of the late Alan Legge, Lord Gardner, and 
passed Staff Coll. (1872). He served in the Zulu 
Campaign in 1879, being présent at the battles 
of Isandhlwana, Zlobane Mountain (horse killed), 
and Kambula, where he was severely wounded. 
He was twice mentioned in despatches and re- 
ceived the medal with clasp and promotion to 
a brevet majority. In 1880 he was A.D.C. to 
the Viceroy of Ireland. He served in the Boer 
War of 1881, and contested E. Marylebone as 
Libéral candidate in 1895. Col. Gardner has 
shot big game in nearly every quarter, accom- 
panied by Mrs. Gardner (q.v.). He married, 
in 1885, Nora Béatrice, eldest dau. of Sir James 
Blyth, Bart., of Blythswood, Stansted, and 33, 
Portland Place, W. 

GARDNER, Mbs. Nora Béatrice, of Clear- 
well Castle, Gloucestershire, and Newton Hall, 
Dunmore, Essex, in which county she was bom, 
is the eldest dau. of Sir James Blyth, Bart., and 
is a famous sportswoman, having shot bears, 
lions, tigers and ail kinds of big and small game 
in Northern India, Assam, Nepaul, N. America, 
Australia, Abyssinia axkd Somalilcmd. She àlso 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

hunts, fishes, sketches, is an excellent horse- 
woman, and is fond of photography and needle- 
work. In the course of her travels she has ex- 
plored many comparatively unknown countries. 
Mrs. Gardner is absolutely fearless and appa- 
rently quite indiffèrent to the extrêmes of beat 
and cold which she has had to endure. 

Mrs. Gardner also ûnds time to interest her- 
self in many public capacities, being Près, of the 
Marylebone Women's Libéral Association, Près, 
of the Clesurwell Beading Booms, Vice-Pres. of 
the Libéral Fédération of Eng., Vice-Pres. of the 
Children's Happy Hours Association, Vice-Pres. 
of the Essex Needlework Guild, and vice-Pres. 
of the Social League. She was married, in 1885, 
to Col. Alan Gardner (q.v.). 

GABLICK, Geobge, M.L.A., represents Cape 
Town in the Progressive interest in the Cape 
Parliament, to wMch he was retumed in Feb., 

GABBETT, F. Edmund. While editor of 
the " Cape Times " in 1896, he rendered much 
assistance to Sir jEunes (then Mr.) Bose-Innes 
in promoting the monster pétitions throughout 
S.A. which were a considérable factor in 
hastening the release of the Beform prisoners. 
Of Sound views, political stabiUty and indepen- 
dence of thought, he rendered great services to 
the Progressive party, and represented Victoria 
East in the Cape Législative Assembly. He 
retumed to England Sept., 1902. 

GABSTIN, SiB William Edmund, K.C.M.G., 
Grand Cordon of the Osmanieh, and Grand 
Cordon of the Medjidieh, of Cairo, Egypt, and of 
Brooks* and the St. James' Clubs, is the son of 
the late Charles Garstin, of the Bengal Civil 
Service. He was bom in India Jan. 29, 1849, 
and educated at Cheltenham Coll. He was ap- 
pointed to the Indian Public Works Dept. 
in Cet., 1872, and is one of the many Indian 
public servants whose services were lent to 
Egypt and who hâve done so much in the civil 
administration of that country. He lef t India for 
Egypt in 1885, and was appointed Inspector- 
Gen. of Irrigation in May, 1892, and Under- 
Secy. of State for PubUc Works in Nov., 1893. It 
was for services in connection with the Assouan 
Dam that he gained his K.C.M.G. In 1899 he made 
trips down the White and Blue Niles, his jour- 
neys ending respectively 200 and 700 miles south 
of lOiartoum. Becently he has retumed to 
Cairo after a journey of 7,000 miles for the pur- 
pose of investigating the sources of the Nile. 

Sir William Geurstin has rendered many eminent 
services to Egypt. 

GAUGHBEN, Bight Bev. Matthew, Bishop 
of Tentyra, Vicar Apostolic of Kimberley, and 
Administrator Apostolic of the Transvarcd ; of 
Bishop's House, 80, Dutoitspan Boad, Kimber- 
ley, €uid of 32, Gold St. (Box 32), Johannesburg, 
was bom in Dublin, Apr. 7, 1843 ; commenced 
his éducation at a couple of Dublin schools, and 
received his theological training éhiefly in 
Frsmce. He received orders to a Deaconship 
from the Bishop of Autun ; was ordcûned priest 
by the late Cardinal Cullen on Apr. 29, 1867, 
and was employed thereafter for rncmy years 
in parochial work in Liverpool euid in the East 
End of London. He spent a few years in mis- 
sionary work in S. America, and afterwards in 
AustraUa. For six years he was stationed in 
Leith, Scotland, where, on Mch. 16, 1902, he 
was consecrated Bishop to succeed his brother, 
who died during the late S.A. War, as Vicar- 
ApostoUc of Kimberley, with spiritual charge 
of the O.B.C. To that was added the eocle- 
siastical administration of the Transvacd. 

GAUNT, Commander, B.N., C.M.G., of H.M.S. 
Mohawhy was bom in Australia, and is a 
brother of Capt. Guy Gaunt who received a 
sword of honour from the King of Samoa for 
gallantry some years ago. He received the 
C.M.G. for services rendered in the Far East» 
and the ItaUan silver medal for gsJlantry in 
action w£ls bestowed upon him in récognition of 
his gênerons initiative and gallant conduct in 
rescuing an ItcJian comrade during the opérations 
in Somaliland in 1903. 

GAUSSEN, Alfred, of 3, Walpole St., Chel- 
sea ; of Southwold, Suffolk, emd of the Union 
Club, London ; was bom in 1855 ; is son of 
Frederick Gaussen, Barrister-at-law ; was edu- 
cated at Eton and Christchurch, Oxon. Mr. 
Gaussen waâ formerly Lient, in the 25th Begt. 
(King's Own Borderers), and is now a Director 
of Henderson's Transvaal Estâtes and Hender- 
son's Consolidated Corporation. He mcurried 
Lady Kathleen Bernard, youngest dau. of 
James, Earl of Bandon. 

GELL, Philip Lyttelton, J.P., M. A., of 
Hopton Hall, Derbyshire ; of Langley Lodge» 
nr. Oxford ; and of Brooks', Athenseum, 
and the City of London Clubs, was born in Lower 
Sejrmoiir Street, London, W., Apr. 29, 1852. 
He is the elder surviving son of Bev. John 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

Philip Gell, Rector of Buxted, of Kirk Langley, 
Derby, and of Eleanor Isabella Franklin, sole 
issue of Admirai Sir John Franklin, K.C.H., 
the Arctio navigator. Mr. P. Lyttelton Gell 
was educated privately, and at Balliol Coll., 
Oxon, where he graduated M.A. He is a 
Director of the British S.A. Co., the Foreign 
and Colonial Investment Trust Co., and the 
Westminster and General Life Assurance 
Association. He married, in 1889, Hon. Edith 
Brodrick, dau. of Viscount Midleton, Lord- 
Lieut. of Surrey, and sister of the Bight Hon. 
St. John Brodrick, M.P. 

GIBBONS, Majob Alfred St. Hill, wéis bom 
Nov. 9, 1858. He was educated privately and 
at Christ's Coll., Camb., 6tnd took a commission 
as Lieut. in the 3rd East Kent Begt. in 1882. 
He served in the B.B.P. from 1890 to 1893, being 
présent at Bhodes' Drift at the time of the 
threatened Boer trek into Mctôhonalaiid. In 
1894 he originated a movement in faveur of the 
preswvation of big game, which has since had 
far-reaching effects in the desired direction. He 
explored a large district in the Upper Zambesi 
basin in 1895-96, and from 1898 to 1900 led an 
important expédition into the interior of Africa 
in the interests of Impérial cuivsuicement and 
geography. He compiled a map of Barotselsuid 
as far as the Congo-Zambesi watershed in the 
north and the Kwito River in the west. He 
was the first to navigate the Middle Zambesi 
from the Kebrabasa Rapids to the Gwaai con- 
fluence in the pioneer steamer Constance. 
He discovered the source of the Zambesi in 1899 
and has foUowed the whole course of that river. 
The combined routes of this great expédition 
repreeented a mileage of upwards of 20,000 
nnles beyond the reach of railways, and included 
the joumey from Cape Town to Ccûro, and from 
the mouth of the Zambesi to Benguella. 

Major Gibbons commanded a squadron of 
Younghusband's Horse during the lato S.A. War. 
He is the author of ^* Exploration and Hunting 
in Central Africa," and has since completod 
" Africa from South to North through Marotse- 
land" (1904). 

GIBSEN, Habby, J.P. for Cape Town, of 
Manis Avenue, Kenilworth, near C.T., and 
of the City and Civil Service Clubs, C.T., 
is the son of Henry Thomas Gibsen, who was 
the son of the Rev. John Gibsen, Vicar of Shef- 
field, and of the dau. of John Drewitt, of 
Houghton, Sussex. He was bom April 27, 1863, 
at Haslemere, Surrey, and was educated at 

Reigate Gram. Sch. and Dulwich C 
He is Hon. Corresponding Secy. of the Ro, 
Colonial Institute, Fellow and Hon. Member 
Society of Accountants and Auditors, suad H« 
Secy., of the S.Aji Committee since its f< 
mation in 1893. For five years — ^from Jaiuf 
1879 — ^he served with the lato Charles Freer| 
Public Accountant; then from 1884-89 Chief 
Accountant to S.A. Loan Mortgage Mercantile' 
Agency, Ltd., of Cape Town (for some time 
acting as Gen. Manager) ; 1889-1903 G«n. 
Manager and Secy. of the S.A. Association 
for the Administration and Settlement of Es- 
tâtes, which he resigned June 30, 1903, to join 
the firm now practising as Gibsen, Close & Co., 
at 133, Longmarket Street, Cape Town. Mr. 
Gibsen takes considérable intorest in technical 
éducation and philanthropie work. He had a 
large share in organizing and re-buUding both 
the Ail Saints' House for Orphans and the School 
of Industry, Cape Town. He married, Oct. 3, 
1899, Henrietta Louisa, eldest dau. of James 
Hewlett Collard, J.P. of Sea Point, near Cape 

GIFFORD, Majob, Lobd, V.C, of Old Park, 
Chichester, Hants, and of Salisbury House, Lon- 
don Wall, E.C., was bom July 6, 1849. Edric 
Frederick Gifford is son of the 2nd Baron Gif- 
ford, whom he succeeded in the title in 1872. 
Three yeara previously he had entered the Army, 
and in 1873-4 Lieut. Gifford saw his first active 
service in the Ashanti War, taking part in the 
repuise of the Ashantoes at Abrakampa, Amoa- 
ful, and Becquah (where he was wounded). He 
was with the cuivsuice guard before the Prah, 
and aftor crossing it, commanded the scouting 
pfiurty up to Coomassie, and was présent at the 
capture of that town. As a resuit of this cam- 
p£iign he was mentioned in despatches, received 
the V.C, medal and clasp, and was promoted 
Capt. In the Zulu War Lord Gifford joined in 
the pursuit of Cetywayo, and at the end of the 
opérations carried home the despatohes (men- 
tioned in despatch, Queen's medal and clasp, 
and brevet of Major). Hé retired from the ser- 
vice in July, 1880, and from that year until 1883 
acted as Colonial Secy. for West Australia, and 
sat in the Législative Council. From 1883 to 
1888 he was Colonial Secy. of Gibraltar. He 
has been a Director of the B.S.A. Co. since its 
inception, and is Chairman of the Bechuana- 
land Exploration Co., Charterland Goldfields, 
Northern Copper (B.S.A.) Co., Rhodesia 
Copper Co., and is a director of some other 
S.A. Cos. 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

GILL, Sœ David, K.C.B. (1900), Order of the 
Medjidieh (1876) ; of the Royal Observatory, 
Cape of Good Hope, and the AthensBum, Cale- 
donian, and Ci'val Service (C.T.) Clubs; 
w£is bom at Aberdeen, Scotland, June 12, 1843. 
He is the eldest son of David Gill, of Blairythan, 
Aberdeenshire ; was educated at Marischall 
CoU. and Univ., Aberdeen, graduating LL.D., 
and soon applied himself to |the study of 
astronomy, and its aJlied sciences. He under- 
took the direction of Lord Lindsay's private 
observatory at Donecht, near Aberdeen (1872- 
76) ; organized Lord Lindsay's Transit of 
Venus Expédition to Mauritius ; made a séries 
of heliometer observations there of the opposi- 
tion of the minor planet Juno (a new and original 
method of determining the Solar Parallax), con- 
nected the longitudes of Berlin, Malta, Alex- 
andria, Suez, Aden, Seychelles, Mauritius and 
Bodriguez, and measured a base-line for the 
Geodetic Survey of Egypt. In 1877 he organized 
an expédition to Ascension for determining the 
Solar Parallax by heliometer observations of the 
planet Mars. In 1879 he was appointed H.M. 
Astronomer at the Cape, and was identified with 
completing the records of his office and the 
more accurate Geodetic Survey of Natal and 
ce. 9 the latter work alone, begun in 1883, 
taking eleven years to accomplish. Thus aM the 
accurately determined longitudes on the East 
and West Coasts of Africa, as well as the longi- 
tudes of Mauritius, Reunion and Seychelles, were 
established on the initiative and authority of 
Sir David Gill. In 1885 he commenced the work 
of photographing ail the stars to the lOth 
magnitude from 18° S. to the S. Pôle, aâsisted 
by Prof. J. G. Kapteyn of Groningen, and as a 
resuit three large volumes of Annals of the 
Cape Observatory were published showing the 
places and magnitudes of 454,875 stars. In 
1886, in conjunction with Admirai Mouchez, he 
carried through an international scheme for 
photographing the whole sky and cataloguing 
ail stars to the llth order of magnitude, and 
Sir David became senior member of the per- 
manent committee, whose reunions he attended 
at Paris in 1887, 1891, 1896 and 1900. In 
1881-83 he conducted a séries of déterminations 
of Stellar Parallax, and in 1888-90 observations 
on a larger scale were carried out at Cape Town, 
ail the principal observatories of the world co- 
operating, and the conclusions as derived by Sir 
David in his final discussion of the whole seiies 
were adopted for use in the nautical almanacs 
and astronomical ephemerides of ail nations at 
the Paris International Congress in 1896. In 

that year Sir David Gill was entrusted by the 
British and Gtorman Govts. to détermine 
the boundary between British Bechuanaland 
6uad German S.W. Africa, and the necessary sur- 
vey opérations hâve been in progress sinœ 1897. 
He took the initiative in interesting Earl Grey 
and Mr. Rhodes in a Geodetic Survey of Rhodesia, 
and the project of carrying the work along the 
30th meridian from the South to the Médita- 
ranean is already being extended towards 
Tanganyika under his direction. The exécution 
of the Great African Arc of Meridian is perhaps 
the pet scheme of Sir David'slife. Meanwhite» 
owing to the munificence of Mr. Frank MoClean, 
the Cape Observatory has been fitted with a 
complète equipment for astrophysical research» 
and Sir David has been able to greatly extend 
the scope of his opérations and the volume of his 
work, and under his direction the observatory 
has become by far the most important one in 
the Southern Hémisphère. 

Sir David Gill is a F.R.S. — one of the twenty 
Hon. F.R.S. .Edin. ; correspondent of the Inst. 
of France (Acad. des Sciences) ; corresponding 
mem. of the Académies of Science of Berlin, St. 
Petersburg, of the Spectroscopio Soc. of Rome, 
and mem. of the Académies of Science of Amster- 
dam, Washington, New York, as also of many 
other scientific bodies. He is a gold medaUist 
of the Royal Astronomiced Soc., London 
(1882), Valse Medallist of the Inst. of France 
(1882), and in 1900 received the Watson Gold 
Medal of the Nat. Acad. of Sciences, Washington, 
and the Bruce Gold Medal of the Astronomical 
Soc. of the Pacific for distinguished services to 
astronomy. He is Près, of the S.A. Philosophical 
Soc. and of the S.A. Assoc. for the Advancement 
of Science, and he originated the invitation 
extended to the British Assoc. to visit S.A. in 
1905. He is one of the three trustées of the S.A. 
Muséum, a member of the Cape Gtological Com- 
mission, and J.P. for the county of Aberdeen, 
Scotland, and for the Cape Division. 

He has published : "A Détermination of the 
Solar Parallax from Observations of Mars at the 
Island of Ascension," *' Heliometer Détermina- 
tions of Stellar Parallax in the Southern Hémi- 
sphère '* ; Catalogues of Stars for the Equinoxee» 
1850, 1860, 1865, 1885, 1890 and 1900 (in the 
press), from observations meule at the Royal 
Observatory, Cape Town ; " The Cape Photo- 
graphie Durchmusterung " (in conjunction with 
Prof. J. C. Kapteyn) ; " Détermination of the 
Solar Parallax and Mass of the Moon fcom 
Heliometer Observations of Victoria and 
Sapho ; " " The Geodetic Survey of South 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

Africa," vols. 1 and 2 ; and many other papers 
and memoirs. 

Sir David is fond of shooting, especicJly 
spring buck, and when opportiinity occurs of 
deer-steJking. He also takes up golf moderately. 
He married, July 7, 1870, Isobel, dau. of John 
Blaok, of lînhead, Aberdeeenshire. 

GIROUARD, LiEUT.-CoL. Snt Edwabd Peboy 
CraitwiIiIi, K.C.M.Q., D.S.O., R.E., is the son 
of a French Ccuiadian, who was Judge of the 
Suprême Court of the Province of Montréal. 
He was bom in 1868, and educated at the Kings- 
ton Military Coll., from which he graduated, 
proceeding at once to an appointment on the 
engineering sta£E of the Canaidian Pacifie Rail- 
way. Hère he had that splendid training which 
fitted the young student for the great work 
which he was destined to do in the service of 
his country. He entered the Royal Engineers 
in 1888 and proceeded to Woolwich, where his 
great knowledge of practical railway work led 
to rapid promotion. At the âge of 23 he w€is 
appointed Traffîc Manager of the Royal Arsenal 
Rculways, and it w£L8 hère that the keen eyes 
of Lord Kitchener discemed in young Girouard 
the very man to undertake the construction 
of the railway across the Soudan, which was 
to enable Lord Kitchener to push forward his 
advance from Dongola to Khartoum. Col. 
Girouard ceuried out this work as Director of 
Sudan Railways, and afterwards was appointed 
Près, of the Egyptian Railway Board. In 1889 
he cuïcompanied Lord Kitchener to the Cape 
as Director of Military Rcûlways. He married. 
Sept. 10, 1903, May Gwendolen, only child of 
the Hon. Sir Richard Solomon, K.C.M.G., C.B., 
K.C., Attomey-Gen. of the TransvÉwd, and Lady 

GLEICHEN, LiEUT.-CoL. Count Albert 
Edward Wilpred, C.V.O., C.M.G., D.S.O., of 
St. James' VaXaoe, London, S.W., €tnd of the 
Marlborough, Guards, Turf and Beefsteak Clubs, 
is the son of the late Admirai Prince Victor of 
Hohenlohe (died 1891), and of Laura, dau. of the 
late Admirai of the Fleet, Sir George Seymour. 
He was bom in London Jan. 15, 1863, and was 
educated at Cheam, Charterhouse cmd Sand- 
hurst. Count Gleichen joined the Grenadier 
Guards Oct. 1, 1883, and served with the Guards' 
Ccunel Regt. in the Nile Expédition of '84 
and '85. He was présent at the actions of Abu 
Klea, Abu Kru, etc., etc. During 1886-88 he 
was attached to the Litelligence Department of 
the War Office, and the Staff Collège '90-91. 

He was appointed on Sir W. Ridgway's Staff ii 
Morocco in 1893, and served with the Intelligeno< 
Division '95-99 as Staff Capt. and D.A.A.G 
He served with the Dongola Expédition in 1896. 
euad was Intelligence Offîcer to Rennel Rodd't 
mission to Abyssinia in 1897. On war break- 
ing out in S.A. he proceeded with the 3rd 
Battn. Grenadier Guards to the front. He waa 
through the actions of Belmont, Graspan and 
Modder River (where he was wounded). He 
served first on the Staff and then as D.A.A.G. 
Transport and as Conmiandant at Enslin ; then 
as D.A.A.G. for Intelligence for Ninth Divn. 
under Lient. -Gen. Sir H. Col ville. He was pré- 
sent at Paardeburg, Driefontein, Bloemfontein, 
Sanna's Post, Winberg, Blaauwberg, Lindley 
and Heilbron : then as Provost-Majrshal at Pre- 
toria, and as D.A.A.G. Intell. Eastem Lines of 
Communication. At the end of 1900 he was re- 
called to Egypt and appointed Director of Intell, 
and Sudan Agent in Cedro, which he retcûned 
until late in 1903, when he left Egypt to take 
up his présent position as Military Attaché at 
Berlin. It will thus be seen that Count Gleichen 
has had a wide and varied mihtary expérience. 
He is also Equerry (extra) to the lâng. He has 
also distinguished himself as a writer, his pub- 
lications including " With the Camel Corps up 
the Nile" (1888), " Armies of Europe" (trans- 
lation, 1890), and " With the Mission to Menelik " 
(1898). He has contributed many ma^. articles, 
and has besides written a number of officia! 
handbooks and works on the Sudan. He is the 
Editer of " The Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, 1904," 
which is now in the press. His récréations are 
travel, shooting, yachting, and sea-fishing. 
Count Gleichen is not married. 

GLYNN, Henry Thomas, J.P., F.R.C. Inst., 
of Sabie, District of Lydenburg, Transvaal, was 
bom at Cape Town, Nov. 30, 1857. He is son 
of the late Henry Gljnon, a well known S.A. 
hunter, traveller and rifle shot, who won 
the first gold medal shot for in S. A., and who was 
one of the first f ew to start the Cape Town Royed 
Volunteer Rifies, and finally died in 1894 of 
fever while on a hunting expédition. Mr. H. T. 
Glynn was educated at the S.A. Coll. ; 
spent his early days on the River Diggings ; then 
after some success on the Kimberley fields, 
settled down in the Cape for two years. In 1875 
he went north and stayed in the Transvacd up 
to a year before the great BoerWar, with the 
exception of occasional hunting trips through 
the low-lying country extending up to th© 
Zambesi. He retumed to Lydenburg in Aug. 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

1902, and is a Director of Gljnon's Lydenburg, 
Ltd. Mr. Glynn mctrried, in Oct., 1896, Miss 
G. G. Wales. 

GOLDIE, RiGHT HoN. Sœ Geobgb Dash- 
wooD Taubman, K.C.M.G., P.C. (See Taubmcui- 
Goldie, Right Hon. Sir George Dashwood.) 

GOLDMANN, Chaules Sydney, of 34, Queen 
Anne's Gâte, Westminster, S.W., of Salisbury 
House, London, E.C., and of White's and 
Pratt's Clubs, was bom at Burghersdorp, C.C. 
For many years Mr. C. S. Goldmann bas been 
identified with the firm of S. Nenmann & Co., one 
of the most powerful of the S.A. mining and 
financial groups, and in 1895 he was admitted 
to partnership in the firm. Mr. Goldmann is a 
man of enormous energy and concentration ; he 
has an aknost encyclopœdic knowledge of the 
requirements of the Rand industry, and dévotes 
himself entirely to the gold mining branch of his 
firm's business. He is Chairman of the Lang- 
laagte Block " B " Deep, the Alexandra Estate 
& G.M. Co., the Gold Patents (Transvaal) Co., 
the Knight Central, the Marievale Nigel, and 
the Riekuil Cos., besides being on the Johan- 
nesburg Boards of the Angelo, Bonanza, Cason 
Cinderella, Consolidated Main Reef , Crown Reef , 
Driefontein Consolidated, East Rcuid Prop., 
Ferreira, Glen Deep, " H.F." Co., Henry Nourse, 
Langlaagte Deep, Main Reef Deep, Main Reef 
East, New Blue Sky, New Cornet, New Mod- 
derfontein, Potchefstroom Exploration, Premier 
(Transvfial) Diamond, Rand Klipfontein, Trea- 
sury, Vogelstruis ConsoUdated Deep, Wit- 
watersrand Deep, and Wolhuter Cos. He is 
also on the London directorate of the Mining 
and Financial Trust Syndicate, and on the 
London Committee of a few other Cos. 

Mr. Goldmann is the author of " The Wit- 
watersrand Goldfields," " Goldmann's South 
African Mining and Finance," and " Goldmann's 
Map of the Witwatersrand " — ail invaluable 
Works for those who aspire to complète know- 
ledge of the Transvaal Fields. In the late 
S.A. War he acted as war correspondent of 
the " Argus " and " Standard," and at its close 
he brought out a book on the cavalry opérations 
entitled " With General French in South Africa." 
He is Près, of the S.A. Football Assoc, and 
has a cultivated artistic taste. He married, 
Feb. 11, 1899, Hon. Agnes Mary, younger dau. 
of the Right Hon. Viscount Peel, of the Lodge, 
Sandy, Beds., late Speaker of the House of Com- 
mons, and grand-dau. of Sir Robert Peel, the 
great Prime Minister. 

GOOLD- ADAMS, Majob Sib Hamilton John, 
K.C.M.G., C.B. (Civil), of Bloemfontein, O.R.C., 
and the Army and Navy Club, was bom in co. 
Cork, Ireland, on June 27, 1858. He is son of 
Richard Wallis Goold-Adams, of Jamesbrook, 
co. Cork, and was educated privately and on the 
training ship Conway, He joined the Army 
in Jan., 1878, receiving lus Captaincy seven years 
later, and his Majority in 1895. In Sir Charles 
Warren's Bechuanaland Expédition in 1884-5 he 
served under that offîcer ; he conunanded the 
B.B.P. in the Matabele War of 1893, and in 
the S.A. War he served during 1899 6uid 
1900, first as Résident Commissioner in Bechu- 
analand, aiterwards having conmiand of the 
Eamberley Town Guard during the latter half of 
the siège (twice mentioned in despatches). 
Major Goold-Adams retired from his regt., the 
Royal Scots, in March, 1901, when he was ap- 
pointed Lient. -Govemor of the O.R.C., which 
important position he still occupies. He is not 

GORDON, Websteb B., A.M.I.C.E., formerly 
Superintending Engineer in the Public Worlrâ 
Dept. of India, was appointed late in 1903 expert 
adviser to the High Commissioner for S.A. 
on matters of irrigation, to which subject he had 
devoted much attention during his service in 

GORST, Sir Eldon, K.C.B., Grand Cordon of 
the Orders of the Medjidieh and Osmanieh, of 
Cairo, and the Turf, Carlton and St. Jeunes* 
Clubs, is the son of the Right Hon. Sir John 
Gorst, M.P., and Mary, dau. of the Rev. Lorenzo 
Moore. He was bom in New Zealand, June 25^ 
1861, and was educated at Eton and Trhiity Coll., 
Camb., where he graduated M. A. (20th Wrangler). 
He entered the Diplomatie Service in 1885, be- 
coming Attaché ; in 1887 he was Third Secy. ; in 
1892 Second Secy. ; and in 1900 Secy. of Léga- 
tion. In that year he was appointed ControUer 
of Direct Taxes to the Egyptian Govt. and in 
1892 Under-Secy. of State for Finance ; in 1894 
he was appointed adviser to the Ministry of tho 
Interior ; and in 1898 Financial Adviser to the 
Egyptian Govt. Sir Eldon Gorst has rendered 
eminent services to the cause of ref orm in Egjrpt. 
He married, June 25, 1903, Evelyn, dau. of C. D. 
Rudd (q.v.), of Ardnamurchan, N.B. 

GOULD, Edwabd Blencowe, I.S.O., of 
H.B.M. Consulate, Alexandria, and of the Con- 
servative Club, Lond., was bom Aug. 9, 1847 ; is 
the eldest surviving son of Rev. J. M. GU>uld, 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


whose wife was a dau. of Gen. J. P. Grant, C.B. ; 
was educated at Uftculme, Devon ; entered the 
consular service as Student Interpréter in Siam 
in 1868 ; was Vice-Consul in the Siamese Shan 
States in 1883 ; Consul in Siam in 1885 ; Acting 
Chargé d'Affaires in Siam in 1886, and again from 
1887 to 1889 ; became H.B.M. Consul at Port 
Said in 1891, and heis been Consul with personal 
rank of Consul-Gen. at Alexandria since 1897. 
He meuried, in 1895, Alice Elizabeth, dau. of Geo. 
Gordon, of Melbourne. 

GOWER-POOLE, Peroy, F.R.G.S., M.I.M.E., 
M.F.I.M.E., F.R.C.I., of Klerksdorp, Transvaal, 
was bom at Gravesend, Kent ; is son of the late 
Rev. Samuel Gower-Poole, Chaplain to Hon. 
Trinity House, London ; was educated privately, 
and was a cculet on H.M.S. Worcester, He 
spent some years in Canada in the Engineer's 
Dept. of the G.W.R ; served in the Cana- 
disua. Militia ; aiterwards studied in Venice, 
and went to S.A. in '73 ; took part in the Zulu 
War as Lietit., being présent at the taking of 
Morosi's Mountain, Nov. 19, 1879 (medal and 
clasp). In the late Boer Wax he served with 
Rimmington's Guides and Scouts for 27 months, 
and with the 16th Brigade as Transport Offîcer 
for three months (medal and clasps). He has 
hful expérience of the Gold and Di£unond Fields 
in Kimberley, De Kaap, Klerksdorp, Swaziland, 
Orangia, and the Rcuid ; and practises now as 
Civil and Mining Engineer at Klerksdorp. He 
xnarried, May 5, 1887, Fanny Bumett, eldest dau. 
of J. F. Wood, of Stonehare, Scotland. 

GRAAF, JoHANNES Jacobus Abnoldus, 
M.L.A., is member of the Cape Législative 
Assembly for the Province of Worcester, having 
been last re-elected in Feb., 1904. He is a mem- 
ber of the Bond Party. 

GRAHAM, Frederick, C.B. (1899), of Ban- 
caimey, Weybridge, and of the St. Stephen's 
Club, was bom in 1848 at Cherry Bank, New- 
haven, N.B. He is the son of Frederick Graliam, 
of Eeist Ferry Cottage, Dunkeld, N.B., and 
Marjorie, dau. of the Rev. Alex. Niven, D.D., of 
Dunkeld. He was educated at Edinburgh, and 
entered the Colonial Office in 1870 ; became prin- 
ciped clerk in 1896, and subsequently Asst. 
TJnder-Secy. of State, Colonial Office. 

GRAHAM, Hon. T. L., M.L.C., K.C., Attor- 
ney-Gen. in Sir Gordon Sprigg's Mioistry ; 
has had a varied expérience of poUtical parties, 
having started under the Bond. At the Com- 

mencement of the Boer War (1899) he was a 
bitter and uncompromising opponent of that 
organization ; but as Attomey-Gen. he caused 
great consternation by refusing to place papers 
relating to alleged treaâonable prcuïtices by Dr. 
Te Water before the House, while admitting 
the existence of such documents being in pos- 
session of the Gk>vt. and the military authorities. 
Finally,on the approach of the élections for the 
Législative Coimcil, he ofEered himself as a 
Progressive candidate for the Western Cirde 
of the ce, and was elected, Nov., 1903, 
second on the poU, by 12,530 votes. He for- 
merly sat as the représentative of the same 
constituency in the Council. 

GRAYDON, Newenham Arthur Eustacb, 
was bom at Dundalk in 1863 ; is the eldest 
son of the late Arthur P. Graydon of Dublin, 
€uad great-grandson of the late Right. Hon. Sir 
Edward Newenham, M.P. for Dublin County. 
He was educated at the Dundalk Inst. and 
the Univ. of Oxford ; was formerly a Lient, 
in the 3rd Batt. the Queen's (Royal West 
Surrey) Regt., and for several years in the Civil 
Service, which he entered by open compétitive 
examination, passing fîrst of 150 candidates for 
eight places. In 1885 he became Ed. of the 
" Civil Service Gazette," and was offîcially con- 
nected with the first and famous Conférence of 
Colonial Premiers in 1887. After spending 
some years as Asst. -Ed. and Acting-Ed. of the 
joum£d " South Africa," he became Ed. of the 
" African Review." In 1896 he was appointed 
Ed.-in-Chief of the " Johannesburg Times " 
and " The Times of Africa," of which latter he 
subsequently beccame proprietor. He is now 
leader writer on the " Financial News," and is 
aiso a contributor of spécial mining and fînaneial 
articles to the " Economist " and other leading 
joumals. His " Limited Liability Laws of the 
South African Republic " ran into a third édition, 
and among other works from his pen are " In 
Sfidntly Stamboul " and a volume of Molière's 
and Racine's comédies translated and adapted 
from the French. He haa written a good deal 
on"travel" subjects in "Blackwood*s Magazine" 
etc., being also joint author with Mr. Joseph 
Kitchen of a Map of the Witwatersrand Gold- 
fields which achieved a considérable popularity. 
He is F.R.G.S., M.R.A.S., possesses the Free- 
dom of the City of London, is a Liveryman of 
the Fruiterers' Company, and a Freemason. 
He married Mary, eldest dau. of the late Thomas 
Southwell, of Bridgnorth, a kinswoman of 
Viscount Southwell. 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

GREEN, John Dampier, F.R.G.S., M.Inst. 
CE., of Johannesburg, is a descendant of 
William Dampier, one of the earliest ciroiun- 
navigators of the world, and was bom in London 
March 23, 1850. He was educated at Chester 
Coll., of which he is an old King's Scholar. 
He commenced his engineering career on the 
Dee (Chester) Réclamation Works on the Dee 
Estâtes, of which he was a part owner ; waa 
owner of copper lead and coal mines and lime 
smelting works in North Wales, and lef t England 
in 1886 to assist in the construction of the Cape 
Central Railways. On completion thereof he 
fitted out an expédition to Malmani Goldfields. 
While there, in conjunction with others, he 
organized aa expédition for the taking of 
Matabelelsuid. Some numbers of O.F. State 
and Transvaal Boers expressed a désire 
to join the enterprise, but the Home Govt. sent 
Word that " Her Majesty would look with grave 
displeasure upon any armed force leaving Bech- 
uanaland to molest the natives," and in déférence 
thereto the undertaking was abandoned. Mr. 
Dampier Green is Hon. Curator of the 
Mineralogical and GeologicfJ Dept. of the 
Transvaal Chamber of Mines, and Hon. 
Treas. and Secy. of the Geological Society 
of S.A., Johannesburg. 

GREENE, Sœ William Conyngham, C.B. 
(1897), K.C.B. (1900), of the British Légation, 
Berne ; Glencarrig, Glenealy, co. Wicklow, and 
of the Travellers', St. James*, and Royal St. 
George Yacht Clubs, is the son of Richard J. 
Greene, Barrister-at-Law, and the Hon. Louisa 
Plunket, fourth dau. of the third Baron Plunket. 
He was bom Oct. 29, 1854, in Ireland, and edu- 
cated at Harrow and Oxford where he graduated 
M. A. (1880). He entered the Foreign Office 
in 1877, and the Diplomatie Service in 1887 ; 
served as Secy. to H.M. Légations at Athens, 
Stuttgart, Darmstad, The Hague, and Brussels ; 
as Secy. of Légation and Chargé d'Affaires at 
Téhéran 1893-1896, but it WAa when he was 
appointed Agent at Pretoria in Aug. 1896, with 
the rank of Chargé d'Affaires in H.M. Diplomatie 
Service that he first came prominently before 
pubUc attention. It will be remembered that 
Mr. Steyn roundly accused him of " decoying " 
the Transvcud Govt. into making a conditional 
offer of the five years' franchise. It was Sir 
Conyngham who told Mr. Kriiger that, 
whether he said " suzerainty " or not, suzer- 
ainty there would hâve to be ; but that " if 
the présent were a bona-fide endeavour to settle 
the poUtical rights of our people for good 

and ail, we should neither wish, nor hâve 
cause, for interférence with the internai 
affairs of the Transvaal." At 5 p.m. on 
Oct. 11, 1899, Sir W. C. Greene's officiai duties 
at Pretoria came to and end. |He received the 
ultimatum of the Transvacd Govt., and having 
asked for and received his passports left 
Pretoria on Oct. 12 for England. For his 
services he was made K.C.B., May 24, 1900, 
and promoted to be an Envoy Extr£M>rdinary 
and Minister Plenipotentiary in H.M. Dip- 
lomatie service in 1901. He meuried, in 1884, 
Lady Lily Stopford, fifth dau. of the Earl of 
Courte wn. 

GREENLEES, James Neilson, late Capt. 
S.A.M.I.F., of Johannesburg, and the Rand, 
New (Johannesburg), and Durban Clubs, was 
bom at Glasgow, June 22, 1852. He is son of 
Matthew Greenlees, of Campbeltown» N.B., by 
EUzabeth Jack of Pedsley, N.B., and was 
educated at Blair Lodge Sch. and Edinburgh 
Univ. Arriving in S.A. in 1871, he worked 
on the Diamond Fields for over a year without 
success. For the next eight yecurs he was f arming 
euad storekeeping in the Free State, making 
two hunting trips into what was then considered 
the far interior north of Bechuanaland. In 1881 
he had a wholesale mercantile business in New- 
castle, Natal, where he was head of the Munici- 
pality in 1883. He was in business at Wakker- 
stroom, Transvcukl, from 1884 to 1889, when he 
went to Johannesburg and stckrted stock- 
broking. At the beginning of the late war 
Mr. Greenlees was appointed War Corres- 
pondent to " The Times," and was with Gen. 
French in the Colesberg District. He joined 
the Colonial Division under Qea, Brabeunt in 
Dec. 1899, cmd was through ail the Division's 
fighting, including the siège of Wepener, up till 
Aug. 1900, when he was with Gen. Cléments 
from Senekcd to Bethlehem. In Aug. Capt. 
Greenlees was appointed AuD.C. to Gen. 
Brabant and remained with him until Jan., 
1902, when, on the reorganization of the CD.F.» 
he retired cmd retumed to Johcuinesburg. His 
services were brought to the notice of the C.I.C. 
by Sir E. Y. Brabant, but as thèse were deemed 
to hâve been rendered to the Cape Colonial 
Govt. no notice was taken of the recommenda- 
tion by Lord Kitchener. In Johannesburg 
he is a Director of several Cos. ; he was for 
yeaxa on the Conunittee of the Stock Exohange, 
and has taken an interest in local politios. He 
married, in 1893, Miss Ethel Maud GittingB, 
of Birmingham. 

Anglo -African Who's Who 

GREENLEES, Thomas Dunoan, M.D., 
(Bdin.), F.R.S.E., J.P., of the Residency, 
Qrahamstown, and the Albany Club, Grahams- 
town, was bom at Kilmamock, Scotland, Sept. 
29» 1858, and belongs to a Campbeltown ( Argyll- 
ahire) family. He was educated at Glasgow 
and Edinburgh Univ. Dr. Greenlees was 
Asst. Med. Offîcer at Cco'lisle Asylum from 
1884 to 1887, and held a similar appoint- 
ment at the City of London Asylum from 1887 
to 1890. He is now Médical Supt. of 
the Grahamstown Asylum, the Chronic Sick 
Hospital, Grahamstown, and of the Institute for 
Imbéciles, Grahamstown. He is the author of 
many papers on médical and psychological 
subjects, and was lately Surg.-Capt. in 
the Ist City Volunteers. He married, Oct. 
17, 1894, Edith, dau. of the late R. White of 

GREGOROWSKI, Judob ; formerly a Judge 
of the O.F.S., he was in 1896 State Attor- 
ney to that Republic when invited to pré- 
side over the trial of the Reform prisoners at 
Pretoria, although having no status in the Trans- 
vacd. He was accordmgly provisionally ap- 
pointed to a seat on the Transvaal Bench. 
He was noted for the pecuUar severity of his 
sentences on ail except Boers, and it is asserted 
that he came to the trial of the Reformers with 
the full intent of stretching the law to its utmost 
against the prisoners. In sununing up he stated 
that he held the signatories of the letter of invita- 
tion to Dr. Jameson to be directly responsible 
for the shedding of the burghers' blood at 
Doomkop. Notwithstanding that the Com- 
mittee had offered to guarantee with their persons 
that if the Govt. would allow Dr. Jameson 
to come into Johannesburg unmolested, he would 
leave again peekcefully as soon as possible, and 
setting aside the spécial statutes of the State, 
he p€U9sed the death sentence upon them under 
Roman-Dutch law. The Judge then pcissed 
sentence on the other prisoners, the rank and 
file of the Reform Conunittee, condemning them 
to two ye€ffs' imprisonment, to pay fines of 
£2,000 each, or as an alternative to sufîer an- 
other's year's imprisonment, and thereafter to 
be banished from the State for a period of three 
ye€ffs. Mr. Gregorowski resigned his judge- 
ship to fill the post of State Attomey vacated 
by Dr. Coster. When a law was passed (No. 1 
of 1897) empowering the Govt. to exact assur- 
ances from the judges that they would respect 
ail resolutions of the Volksraad as having the 
force of law and déclare themselves not entitled 

to test the validity of a law by its agreemei 
or oonflict with the Constitution, and empoweno 
the Président to summarily dismiss the judgei 
Mr. Gregorowski emphatically stated that n 
honourable man could possibly sit upon th 
Transvaal Bench so long as that law remcûne 
upon the Statute Book. Nevertheless on havin, 
to décide the question of costs which was referre< 
to him in the case of Brown v, the State, he gav 
a judgment which practically brought the caa 
under the opération of the obnoxious law 
Furthermore, when Chief Justice Kotze was 
dismissed by the Président under the summarj 
powers of Law 1 of 1897, Mr. Gregorowsld did 
not find it inconsistent to eujcept the office oi 
Chief Justice. 

GREY, Eabl, LL.M., J.P., of 22, South St., 
Park Lane, W., of Howick House, Lesbury, 
Northumberland, and of Brooks' Club, is the 
only surviving son of Gen. the Hon. Chets. 
Grey, and nephew of the 3rd Earl Grey, 
K.G., P.C., who was the eldest son of th© 
youngest of the accusers who impeached Warren 
Hastings at the Bar of the House of Lords in 
1788 and the six foUowing years. Albert 
Henry George Grey, who is now the 4th Earl, 
was bom Nov. 28, 1851, and was educated ai 
Harrow and at Cambridge, where he greatly 
distinguished himself. He began his political 
career under curions circumstances. It was 
in 1878 that at a by-election in South Northum- 
berland the Libéral party selected Mr. Albert 
Grey (as he then was) to contest what was 
generally regarded as a safe Conservative seat. 
However Mr. Grey's popularity won him a 
majority of two at the poU over his rival, Mr. E. 
Ridley, Q.C., but as the extra couple of voting 
papers were found to be irregular, the High 
SherifE decided to reject them, and mcMle a 
double retum, each opponent being retumed 
to the House of Commons without having the 
right to speak or vote. As the Parliament was 
nearly at an end, the Libérais resolved not to 
incur the expense of a scrutiny, and the Conserv- 
ative member was allowed to keep the seat 
until the dissolution in 1880, when the présent 
Peer was elected by a large majority. In 1885-6 
he represented the Tyneside Division of his native 
county as a Liberal-Unionist, but in the latter 
year he was def eated by a Gladstonian candidate, 
and did not subsequently seek parliamentary 

Earl Grey sucoeeded to the title in 1894* 
He was one of the original directors of the B.S.A. 
Co., and in 1896 he went to Rhodesia as Ad- 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

ministrator, filling this high office with considér- 
able success during a troublous period which 
saw, euoaongst other things, the setuement of the 
peace tenns with the Matabele chiefs, which 
put an end to the rébellion of 1896. Lord Grey 
for a time took an active part in the field against 
the Matabele, and it is not generally known that 
he was very neeurly eut ofE by the rebels at the 
battle of Sepula's Kraal in the Matoppos. He 
retumed to England in 1897, and soon after 
became Vice-Pres. of the Chartered Co., a post 
which he has filled ever since. He is aàso one of 
the Trustées for the Debenture Holders of the 
B.S.A. Co., and is Chedrman of the Charter 
Trust and Agency, Ltd. He not only dévotes 
himself to the more important ctffairs of the 
Chartered Co.» but takes also a very 
genuine interest in the personal interests of 
Khodesians. Among other popular movements 
he is interesting himself in having the remains 
of four prominent Rhodesians who were killed 
in the late S.A. War, viz., Jack Spreckley, Fred 
Crewe, Claude Grenfell, £uid C. J. Knapp, 
removed to Chcui^erland for re-interment 
hard by the tomb of Cecil Rhodes in the Ma- 
toppos. But the great philanthropie movement 
with which Lord Grey h£LS been identified 
from the commencement is the formation and 
organization at home and abrocul of the CentrcJ 
Public House Trust Association, the chief aims 
of which are to promote the higher tempérance 
by the conversion, wherever possible, of the 
public house from a drinking bar into a house 
of refreshment for the supply of wholesome 
f ood €uid non-alcohoHc liquors as well as of béer 
and spirits, and to provide such an organization 
as will enable the licensing authorities to secure 
that ail new licenses, with their high monopoly 
values, shall be administered as a trust in the 
interests of the public, cmd not by private 
individuals for their personal gain. In 1877 
he mcurried Alice, youngest daughter of the 
late R. S. Holford, of Weston Brit, 

GRIFFIN, TowNSHEND, of 29, Queen Anne's 
Gâte, London, S.W., was formerly a Govt. 
officiai in Kimberley, and subsequently Chief 
Commlssioner of Mines in Rhodesia where he 
resided for some years. He has now relinquished 
that appointment, £uid is a trustée for the 
Debenture-holders of the Rhodesia Railways, 
a director of the Eurafrican Co. and some other 

GRIFFITH, Horace Majob Bbandfobd, 

C.M.G. (1902), J.P. of Bathurst, Gconbia, 
W. Africa, and of the Constitutional and 
Grosvenor Clubs, is the youngest son of the late 
Sir W. Brandford Griffith, K.C.M.G., of Windsor, 
Barbados, W. Indies. He was bom in 1863; 
was educated at Harrison's Coll., Barbados, 
and now occupies the position of senior member 
of the Executive suad Législative Councils of 
the Gambia, for which Colony is he also J.P. 
He married, in 1897, Margaret Elizabeth, dau. 
of the late S. A. Sewell of Ealing. 

GRIFFITH, Snt Wiluam Bbandfobd, 
Knight Bachelor, B.A., of Accra, Gold Coast» 
and Constitutional Club, was bom at Stone 
Court, Stone, Glos., Feb. 9, 1858. He is son of 
Sir W. Blandford Griffith by his wife Mary 
Eliza, dau. of (George Thomton Metcalfe, of 
Antigua, £uid previously of Kirkby Lonsdcdo^ 
Westmoreland. He was educated in Jers^, 
at Harrison Coll., Barbculos, at Univ. Coll., 
London, and was called to the Bar of the Middle 
Temple in 1881. In 1885 he was appointed 
District Commissioner of the Gold Cocust Colony» 
and acted as Queen's Advocate and Puisno 
Judge of the Gold Coast frequently between 
1884 and 1888. He was R.M. at Jamaica firom 
1889 to 1895 ; Actg. Attomey-Gen., Jamaioa» 
1892 ; and received his présent appointment 
as Chief Justice of the Gold Cocust in 1895. 
He CMlministered the Govt. of Lagos in 1896 ; 
and was Deputy for the Gk>vemor of the €k>Id 
Coast in 1897. Sir William revised the Ozdin- 
ances of the Gold Coast in 1887, in 1897, and 
again in 1903, and he now holds a dormcyit 
conm[iission to CMlminister the Govt. of the €k>ld 
Coast in the absence of the Govemor and the 
Colonial Secy. He married, Feb. 7, 1884, 
Eveline Florence Elizabeth, dau. of Penrose 
Nevins, of Settle, Yorks. 

GRIFFITHS, Habby Denis, of Johannesburg 
(P.O. Box 2146), and of the Blenheim (Lond.) 
and Rand (Johannesburg) Clubs, was bom at 
Manchester in 1866. He is second son of John 
Griffiths, at one time champion of the Nemesis 
Rowing Club. He was educated at Dieppe ColL 
and at the Royal Sch. of Mines, Lond. ; graduated 
B.Sc. ; was Bronze, Silver, and Gold Medalliat 
of CardiS Technical Schools, and seoured the 
Wcure and Ca>rdi£f Scholarships. He is also 
Associate of the Royal Sch. of Mines, Ist dass 
in Mining, a Whitworth Scholar and Medallist, 
and member of varions technical and scientifio 
societies. He has occupied the foUowing 
positions: Mine manager, Kimberley D.M. 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

Co., 1890 ; chief engineer Kimberley Exhibition, 
1892 ; Consulting engineer to the Gtoldenhuis 
Est., Simmer and Jack, euad East Rand Prop. 
Cos., and is now consulting engineer to several 
importeuit Cos. on the East lUmd, Coronation 
and Heidelberg sections. In 1897 Mr. Griffîths 
went to New Zecdand, spending two years con- 
verting dry crushing to wet crushing plem.t49. 
He was also chief engineer to the Auckland 
Exhibition. During the S.A. Wcur he went to 
Rhodesia, resuming his prcuïtice in Johannesburg 
on the déclaration of peace. He was a member 
of the Patents Committee of the Witwatersrand 
Chamber of Mines ; has served on the Auckland 
(N.Z.) and Rhodesian Chambers of Mines ; 
h€U9 written many scientifio papers, and has 
issued a map of the Coronation Une of reef. 
Mr. Qriffîths formerly played for the London 
Welsh . F.C. ; was vice-capt. of the Sch. of 
Mines Rowing Club, and captained the winning 
pair and fours in 1889. He married, in 
1895, Florence Maud, second dau. of the late 
E. Cléments, CE., R.N. 

QROGAN, Capt. Ewabt Scott, 4th Royal 
Munster Fusdliers, of Good Hope Farm, Middel- 
biîrg, Transvaal, and the Savage, Alpine, New 
Oxford and Camb. and Rand Œubs, is the son 
of the late William Grogan, of 97, Queen's 
Gâte, South Kensington. He was born Dec. 
12, 1874, at Eton Square, London, and was 
educated at Winchester and Jésus Coll., 
Camb. Cc^t. Grogan fought as Gunner in 
the second Matabele War and mado the first 
joumey from the Cape to Cairo. During this 
joumey he discovered new species of cmtelope 
and éléphant, and shot 33 éléphants and 13 
lions. He was appointed on the Johannesburg 
Town Council by Lord Milner in 1903. He 
has]taken a leading part in the ôght for the intro- 
duction of Chinese labourers to work the Trans- 
vaal Mines. He is now experimenting in agri- 
culture in S.A., and is a Director of the African 
Farms Co., Ltd. Capt. Grogan has travelled 
much and studied économies of Australasia, 
the South Seas, and N. and S. America. Be- 
sides being an explorer and hunter, he is a writer 
of some note, and has written a stirring account 
of his joumey through Africa, entitled *' From 
the Cape to Ccûro," in collaboration with 
Arthur H. Sharp (Hurst & Blackett). 
He married. Cet. 11, 1900, Miss G. Watt, of 
Napier, New Zealand. 

GROVE, Daniel, was born in Australia. 
While travelling in E. Africa he intimated 

to the Govemor of Mozambique that he h 
eumexed a portion of the Province of Moeai 
bique which he desired should be recognis 
as £ui independent State under the suzerain 
of Great Brit€Ûn. 

GROVE, Col. Edwabd Aickjn, C.B., < 
Belgrave Memsions, S.W., and of White's aaa 
the Wellington Clubs, was born at Dolguoj 
Mcuïhynlleth. He was educated at Bedfor 
Sch., and joined the 2nd Royal Cheshire Militi 
in 1873, transferring to the 97th Regt. in th 
8€une year. He passed Stafî Coll. in 1883 
was D.A.A.G. and Q.M.G. Canada from 1886 t« 
'87 ; D.A.A.G. Eastem Dist. 1881-88 ; oom 
manded the 2nd Batt. of the Queen's Owi 
(Royal West Kent) Regt. 1896-1901, receiving 
the brevet rank of Col. in 1900, cmd was 
A.A.G. and C.S.O. Scotland in 1902. 

Col. Grove has seen much active service, 
commencing with the Transvaal War in 1881. 
He was cJl through the Egyptien Expédition of 
1882, being présent at Kassassin and Tel-el- 
Kebir, and aoting as Asst. Provost-Marshal to 
the 2nd Division (meded with clasp, Khedive's 
star, euad brevet majority). He served in the 
Sudan Expédition of 1884-85 as D.A.A.G. 
cmd Q.M.G. (clasp), suad in the S.A. War com- 
manded his regt. from 1899 to 1901, and aiter- 
wards commanded the sub-district of Erugers- 
dorp (mentioned in despatches, C.B., and medal 
with 4 clasps). He mcurried, in 1887, G^rgina, 
dau. of the late Rev. George Atldnson, of 
Kettlethorpe, Lines. 

GUNN, H. Hamilton, of Eomberley, grcKl- 
uated at the Royal Sch. of Mines, pcissing out 
in 1876. Since then he has been a^sociated 
with phosphate of lime cmd manganèse deposits 
in Germany, iron ore in Belgium, lead and quick- 
silver in Austria, tin in Comwall, copper in 
Ireland and Arizona, sulphur and borax in 
Ireland, silver, lead, and gold in the States, 
and gold cuid tin in Bomeo, the 
McJay Peninsula and Siam. He has spent 
some time in spécial chemiced research with Dr. 
Squire, suad has acted as lecturer on mîning 
at the Edinburgh Coll. of Science and Tech- 
nology. In 1903 he was appointed Prof essor 
at the Kimberley Sch. of Mines. Mr. Gunn 
is a Knight of the Order of the Crown of 

GUNZBTJRG, Robist, of 5, Dowgate Hill, 
London, E.C., went out to S.A. in 1893» 
and was instrumental in forming the S.A. Con- 


Anglo-African Who's Whq 

tracting Assn. , Ltd. , the Technical and Ck>mmeroial 
Corpn., Ltd., the Siemens, Ltd., and the Arthur 
Koppei, Ltd. He retumed to Europe in 1901, 
and later on resigned the direotorships in thèse 
Cos. He is now associated with the 
Eastem Gold Fanns Synd., Ltd., the Bethel 
Synd., Ltd., and several other Companies. 

GUPPY, RoBEBT, of 3, St. George's MÉUisions, 
Besborough Gardens, S.W., and of the Cocoa 
Tree Club ; was bom Nov. 17, 1872, at 
Melbury, near Dorchester. He was educated 
at Sherbome and appointed to the Impérial 
Post Office in March, 1890, and to the Colonial 
Civil Service Aug. 24, 1900. He is now 
Aocountant of the Post and Telegraph Dept. 
Gold Coast Colony. 

HAARHOFF, Daniel Johannes, M.L.A., of 
Kimberley, was bom at Graaff-Reinet in 1846, 
and waa educated at the public sch. in that town. 
He served his articles with D. J. van Ryneveld, 
attomey, in 1863 ; was admitted in 1868, cmd 
practised at Graaff-Reinet until 1877, when he 
foft for the Diamond Fields. He was engaged 
for some time in the Kimberley and De Beers 
mines, and then joined Mr. J. J. Michau in an 
attomey's business in Kimberley. He was 
elected Mayor of Kimberley in 1884, and was 
retumed to the Cape House of Assembly as 
Progressive member for Kimberley in 1894, 
cmd again in Feb., 1904. He is Grand Master 
of Central S.A. Freemasons. 

HACKER, Rev. William John, of Mciritz- 
burg, was born at Keinton Mandeville, Somer- 
selshire, Apr. 16, 1853. He w€is educated at 
Yeovil and Sherbome Schs. and received his 
training for the Church at Richmond Coll. 
He acted as Naval Chaplain at Simonstown 
from 1876 to 1883, when he went to Butter- 
worth, where he established upwards of fifty 
schools and churches, in addition to assisting 
in the foundation of the Lamplough Training 
Institution and the AylifE Mémorial Church. 
From Butterworth he went to East London 
(C.C.) in 1896 and to Pietermaritzburg in 1901. 
He bas been Superintendent of the Maritzburg 
Circuit from that time, and Chairman of the 
Natal District Synod from 1903. He married, 
July 28, 1881, Grfiwe, dau. of Thos. H. Lawton, 
of Cape Town. 

HADDON-SMITH, George Basil, C.M.G., 
of the Secrétariat, Sierra Leone, and of the 
Junior Athenaeum Club, was bom Nov. 26, 

1861. He is son of the late H. B. Haddon- 
Smith, CE., his grandfather having been a 
Major in the 73rd Regt. Mr. George Haddon- 
Smith was educated at Victoria Coll., Jersey. 
He served with the Houssa Force ; took part in 
the expédition agednst the Jebus (W. Afrioa) 
in 1892 (despatches, medal, and clasp) ; was 
Political Offîcer on Sir Gilbert Carter's mission 
to Jorubaland in 1893, for which service he 
received the thanks of the Secy. of State. 
He was subsequently Asst. Colonial Secy. at 
Lagos ; Priv. Secy. to Sir Francis Scott in th» 
Ashanti Expédition in 1895-6 (despatches and 
Star) ; Chief Asst. Col. Secy. at the Gold Coast» 
1896, and Political Offîcer on Sir James 
Willcock's staff during the Ashcmti Expédition 
in 1900, for which service he was mentioned 
in despatches, received the n^edcd and clasp 
cmd also the C.M.G. He was Acting Gov. 
of the Gambia in 1901, and received his présent 
appointment as Colonial Secy. of Sierra Leone 
1901. He married Ivy Constance, dau. of the 
late Col. B. Hodson. 

HAGGARD, Henby Rideb, J.P., of Ditch- 
ingham, House, Norfolk, and of the Athenœum» 
Savile, Authors', and Sports Clubs, was bom at 
BrcMienham, Norfolk, June 22, 1856 ; is the sixth 
son of Wm. M. Rider Haggard of Bradenham 
Hill, and was educated pnvately. He resided 
for a considérable time in Natal on a farm which , 
is well known as the supposed home of " Jess.** 
He was Secy. to Sir Hy. Bulwer, Govemor of 
Natal, in 1875, and in 1877 he joined the staff 
of Sir T. Shepstone, and wa,s one of the '* handful 
of individuels " concemed in the annexation of 
the Transvaal in that year. In 1878 he was 
appointed Master of the High Court of the 
l^ansvaal, and the following year was given a 
Lient. 's commission in the Pretoria Horse, 
with which corps he was besieged in Pretoria 
during the Boer War of Independence (1880-1). 
He waâ called to the Bar of Lincoln's Inn in 
1884, but never practised. He unsuccessfully 
contested the Eastem Division of Norfolk in the 
Conservative interest in 1895. 

Mr. Haggard is fcunous as the author of a 
number of charming romances, besides which 
he has published a couple of books on rural life 
known as " A Farmer*s Year " and " Rural 
England" (2 vols.), in connection with which 
latter he made a prolonged tour of the country 
to acquire at first hand such data as was neces- 
sary to make his work a vcduable text book. In 
addition to this he constantly finds occasion 
to inform the public in the Press on questions 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

oonneoted with Africa and the country life, 
on which subjects his large and varied knowledge 
always procures hûn a ready hearing. For 
many years he has been one ol the proprietors 
of the ** Airican Review," and for some little 
time he was a familiar figure in the city, but his 
préférence for writing and a country Ufe soon 
withdrew him to Ditchingheuoa. He takes a 
considérable interest in Egyptology, but his 
mcdn hobby (though he tcikes it quite seriously) 
is farming, and he is particularly fond of shoot- 
ing and cychng. He married, in 1880, Mariana 
Louisa, dau. of the late Maj. Margiston of 

HALL, Rbv. Alfred, F.R.C.I., of Baydon- 
field, Bosebery Avenue, Port EUzabeth, was 
bom at Newbury, Berks, in 1860 ; was educated 
at St. Bartholomew*s Gram. Sch., Newbury, 
and at the Metropolitan Baptist Coll., London, 
and exercised his home ministry at Ashley, 
Lymington ; Hampton Court ; St. Leonards- 
on-Sea ; and Merthyr Tydvil, S. Wales. He 
was formerly a member of the Hastiogs School 
Board, and was appointed Minister of Queen 
Street Baptist Church, Port EUzabeth, in 1898, 
and has foiinded in that town and at Mossel 
Bay Missions to Dutch-speaking coloured 
persons. He is editor of the " S.A. Bc^tist," 
the officiai organ of the Baptist Union for the 
8:A. Colonies. He is also chairman of the com- 
mittee for erecting a tower and peal of bells 
as a mémorial to the British settlers of 1820 
who landed in Algoa Bay, of which Lord Milner, 
Sic WïJter Hely-Hutchinson, Sir Gordon 
Spiigg and Sir Henry de Villiers are Patrons. 

HALL, John, Junb., of 3, Brick Court, 
Temple, E.C., cmd the Constitutional Club, 
was bom in London Sept. 28, 1872 ; is the second 
son of John Hall of 1, Fleet St., E.C. ; was edu- 
cated at St. Paul's Sch. and privately in 
Gennany and France ; was Private Secy. to 
the Qoverhor pf the Gold Coast Colony, 1894-6, 
in which capacity he visited Ashanti before the 
outbreak of the Ashanti War. He was called 
to the Bar in 1899, and coUaborated with W. H. 
WiUs in the editing ai " Bulawayo Up-to- 
Date, a Handbook to Bhodesicu" He is asso- 
ciated with J. A. Edison*s inventions in ore 
cruahing machinery. His chief récréations are 
golf, shooting and motoring. 

HALL, R. N., of Bulawayo ; has had a con- 
sidérable share of the work of bringing S.A. 
before the public by means of exhibitions. In 

1898 he was Secy. of the Grahamstown 
tion, and was in '99 in charge of the R 
section of the Greater Britain Exhil 
London. In 1902 he proceeded to ins 
ZimbabyeRuins with a view to their pre6< 

HALLIWELL„ E. A., of the Wi 
Club, Johannesburg, is perhaps tl 
known S.A. cricketer. He is a go 
and is said to be the best wicket-keep< 
day. He accompanied the S.A. U 
England in 1894, 1901 and 1904, fully si 
his réputation in the latter tour. He 
the officiai starter for the Turf C 
the Pony and Galloway Club of J 

HAMILTON, Fbbdbrio Howabd, oi 
11, Austin Friars, E.C, and of th 
Devonshire, City University, and Eight 
w€is bom in London in 1865 ; was edu 
Mill HiU Sch. and Caius Coll;, Camb., 
ing B.A., LL.B. After reading for 
at the Inner Temple, he went to S.A. 
where his scholarly attainments and 
aftedrs inclined him to joumaJism. H 
and edited the " Zoutpansberg Review," 
Editor of the Johannesburg " Star " fr 
until 1896, when on account of his aci 
ticipation in the Reform movement as 
of the Committee the paper was suj 
and he himself was put on his trial 
treason, ultimately getting off with i 
£2,000. On retuming to England he 
Editor of the "Airican Review," an 
ment which he relinquished in 1899 to 
firm of L. EhrHch & Ce. He is a dij 
several S.A. Cos. 

HAMILTON, RoBEBT William, of 2 
was educated at St. Paul' s Sch. and 
Hall, Camb. ; Classical Scholar, BJ 
(honours), M. A., 1892. He was Secy 
Commission of Inquiry in Dominica 
was a student at the Inner Temple in l: 
wascalledtotheBarin 1896. From 189f 
he W£k3 District Commissioner at Lag 
Registrar, East Africa Protectorate, 
Acting Judicial Officer Apr. to Nov 
Town Magistrate 1899 ; Asst.-Judge f 
ministrator-Gen., 1900; Acting Jud( 
June 1901 to March 1902, and Actii 
Judge at Zanzibar, July 1902. 

HANAU, Cabl. of Victoria Wes 
Johannesburg, Berlin, and London, 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

of T. Hcuiau of the fîim of B[aiiau & Hoffe. 
He was bom at Freiberg, Germany, on July 
3, 1855, and was educated at Frankfort o/M. 
Mr. Haiiau was one of the pioneers of the 
Rand, and very early in its history began 
to take a leading part m the building up of its 
(and incidentally his own) fortunes. He was 
formerly a pcurtner of S. Neumann & Co., 
and a Director of the Rand Mines, Ferreira, 
Crown Reef, Wolhuter, Consolidated Main Reef 
and Modderfontein Cos., but he now repre- 
sents the firm of Bamato Bros, in S.A. ; 
is Chairman of the Coronation Synd. (which 
he founded), Bamato Consolidated Mines 
(Acting), Johannesburg Consolidated Invest- 
ment (local), and Randfontein Deep, and is 
also on the Boards of the African Farms, Ltd., 
Oinsberg, Glencaim, Kleinfontein Deep, Lang- 
laagte Royal, New Primrose, New Rietfontein, 
New Spes Bona, New Unified, Rietfontein 
*' B " Roodepoort, South Cinderella Deep, 
Van Ryn, Western Rand Synd., and the Wit- 
watersrand (Knights) G.M. Cos. Mr. Hanau 
acted as Près, of the Chamber of Mines in 
Johannesburg during the absence of Mr. 
Lionel PhiUips, and was for many years a 
Steward of the Johannesburg Turf Club, and a 
member of the Conunittee of the Wanderers' 
Club of Johannesburg. He married, Jan. 19, 
1886, Miss Sophie Baumann. 

C.M.G., of 79, Ecclestone Square, S.W., and of 
the Army and Navy Club ; son of the late Fer- 
dinand Hanbury-WilliÉuns, of Coldbrook Park, 
Mon. ; was educated at Wellington Coll. and 
passed into the 43rd L.I. in 1878. He acted as 
A.D.C. to Sir E. Hamley in the Egyptian Cam- 
paign of 1882, when he was présent at Tel-el- 
Kebir, where his horse was shot under him, 
being mentioned in despatches, medal, clasp, 
star, and 5th clciss Medjidieh ; he w£ls extra 
A.D.C. to Sir M. Grant Duff during his Govemor- 
ship of Madras, 1884-5 ; was extra A.D.C. to 
Sir H. Macpherson in Burmah in 1886, and 
was in 1892 appointed Adjt. of the 3rd (Militia) 
Batt. of the Oxfordshire L.I., attencÙng the 
German Army manœuvres in 1894. He 
relinquished this appointment in 1897 to join 
Lord Milner in S.A. as his Military Secy. ; he 
received the C.M.G. in 1899, and was appointed 
Seoy. to the Secy. of State for War in 1900. 
He married, in 1888, Anne Emily, dau. of 
Emil Reiss. 

HARDING, Col. Colin. C.M.G., Com- 

mandant of Barotse- Native PoHce, of White's, 
Sports, and Bulawayo Clubs ; is the son of the 
late Charles Harding, of Montacute Abbey, 
Somerset, where he was bom Aug. 15, 1863. 
He was educated privately, and went to S.A. 
where he served in Mashonaland during the 
rébellion. For some time he was gcJloper 
to Col. Alderson. He received his oonmiission 
in the B.S.A. Police in the same year, and redsed 
and commanded the Mashonaland Native 
Police. He was mentioned three times in 
despatches, and received his C.M.G. for 
services during the Mashona Rébellion. He 
proceeded to British Central Africa in 1898 
and raised the Native Police Force for North- 
Eastem Rhodesia. In 1899 he went to North* 
Western Rhodesia as Acting Administrator, 
and later rcdsed a force of Native Police for North 
Western Rhodesia. Col. Harding was sent on 
spécial service to explore the boundaries of 
Lewanika's kingdom, and during his. expédition 
went to the source of the Zambesi River. In 
1902 he escorted Lewanika to England for the 
Coronation, retuming in Aug. of the same 
year to act as Administrator of Barotseland 
during the absence of Mr. R. T. Corjmdon. 
He meirried, June 28, 1899, Margaret, youngest 
dau. of Robert Porter, of Lyncombe, Bath. 

HARDWICKE, Edwaad Abthub, L.R.C.P., 
(Edin.), L.S.A. (Lon. 1873), and L.S.A. Lon. 
(Triple Diploma 1889), of Havermere, Howick 
Falls, Nated ; of Burcote Vale, Bulwer, Natal, 
and of the Royal Colonial Institute, is the eldest 
son of Junius Hardwicke, M.D., F.R.C.S» 
Eng. (clcùming descent from St. Josceljm 
Havermere '\le Hardwicke, temp. Edwûd 
Confesser), and EUen Jane his first wife, second 
dau. of Thos. Wright, J.P., of Mespil House» 
co. Dublin. He was bom 1847 at Rotherham» 
Yorks., and was educated at the Royal Hig^ 
Sch., Edin., King's Coll., Lond., and Charing 
Cross Hospital, London. Dr. Hardwicke was 
appointed in 1877 a Surgeon Superintendant 
in the Govt. Emigration Service of the 
Emigration Commissioners, and subsequentlsr 
transferred to the Department of the Crown 
Agents for the Colonies in 1897 as a branch of 
the Colonial Office régime. He retained this 
position untîl 1897, when the gloomy outlook of 
the service, dépendent as it was upon the 
pro^erity of the sugar industry in the West 
Indies, decided him to resign and seek mofe 
definitely settled employment in one {of 
the newer Colonies. Natal was seleoted» 
and after a very considérable travelling leoord 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

and armed with credentials from the Brit- 
ish Colonial Office, £uid letters of introduction 
to 8ome of the most influential citizens of the 
Colony, înduding the late Premier, Sir Henry 
Escombe, he was selected by the last named 
gentleman for the post of District Surgeon 
to the Division of Polela, at the extrême S.E. 
corner of the Colony. Hère he remained until 
Jan. 1902, when he was offered and acoepted 
a similar appointment in Lion's River, the Dis- 
trict Health Offîcership being conf erred upon him 
at the sâme time. An ardent antiquarian and 
arohaeologist Dr. Hardwicke has devoted much 
of his spare time to the study of genealogy and 
kindred pursmts, for which his gran(Uather, 
William Hardwicke, of Bridgnorth, Shropshire, 
was œlebrated ; and he is a member of the Har- 
leian and Yorkshire Pcirish Register Societies. 
He is the possessor of what is probably the 
largest collection of Midland Oounties Généa- 
logies in S.A. In 1888 he was elected a 
Résident Fellow of the Royal Colonial Institute, 
beooming a non-resident Fellow on his departure 
for Natal in 1897. He has also been a 
Fellow of the Impérial Institute fromt its opening. 
He is the author of the foUowing pamphlets and 
books, ** The Religion of Agnostic Philosophy,** 
1892 ; " Epidémie Cerebro-Spinal Fever," 1891 ; 

The Decalogue as a Code of Morality," 1890 ; 

Annals of the Perton Family," 1896; 

Bulwer and Consumptives," 1900, and eJso 
of numerous contributions to magazines and 
newspapers in England and the Colonies. Dr. 
Hardwicke has been twice married : first, to 
Margaret, third dau. of William Calvert, of 
Braddup House, in Craven, Yorkshire, who was 
mother of his one son and five daus., and who 
died in 1889 ; and secondly to Louisa Annie, 3rd 
dau. of Benjcunin Charles Branch, of Warwick 
Road, Kensington, formerly Asst. Librarian at 
the British Muséum, by whom he has no issue. 

HARE, Capt. Robebt WiiiMAM, D.S.O., 
Norfolk Regt., served with the Rhodesian 
Protectorate Reg., and on the Staff as D.A.A.G. 
in ihe S.A. War ; was appointed (1902) A.D.C. 
to the Lieut-Govemor of the O.R.C. 

HARMAN, Fbedebiok Edwik, of 54, West 
Cromwell Road, Kensington, S.W., and of 
the Whitehall Club, is the son of Edward 
Hcunnan and his wife Caroline. He was bom 
at the Manor House, Malden, Surrey, Jan. 3, 
1899, and educated at the Brighton Coll., 
the Royal Agricultural Coll., Cirencester, 
and at the Roycd Sch. of Mines, London. 




From 1875-80 he managed the Govt. £ 
perimentad Farm, Bangalore, and acted 
Professer of Natural Science at the Sch. 
Engineering and Naturcd Science. Fro 
1880-83 he managed coffee, tea, and cinchoi 
and gold estâtes in the Wynaad, and acted 
Hon. Magistrate for the Govt. of Madrc 
In 1884-5 he reported on the estate of tl 
Santa Fé Lemd Co., Argentine Republic, f 
colonization purposes. From that time to tl 
présent he has been engaged in reporting c 
mining properties in v€urious parts of the worl< 
and acting as cuivisory director for sundi 
mining cos. He married, in 1880, Miss Hick 
sister of H. G. Hicks of Oudshoom. 

HARRIS, 4th Babon, George Robeb 
Caiwing, G.C.S.I, G.C.I.E., of Belmoni 
Faversham ; 6, Oxford Square, London, and € 
the Carlton and Cavalry Clubs, is the son of th 
third holder of the title, who was Govemor o 
Trinidcul and Madrcus, and played an importan 
part in the Indian Mutiny. He was bom at St 
Ann's, Trinidad, March 2, 1861. He wai 
educated at Eton and Oxford, where he gradu- 
ated B.A. Lord Harris after filUng several 
importcuit Ministerial positions, including 
Under Secy. of the India Office, 1885-86, and 
Under Secy. at the War Office, 1886-90, received 
the appointment of Govemor of Bombay in 
1890, which office he retained until 1895. 
From that year he was Lord-in-Waiting to Queen 
Victoria until 1900. In the City Lord Harris 
has made a name for himself in connection 
with the important mining corporations over 
which he présides, and he is rightly regarded 
as an authority on the varions questions which 
perplex the majority of those interested in the 
industry of the Transvaal. Lord Harris is 
Chairman of the Consolidated Gold Fields of 
S.A., Chaûrman of the S.A. Gold Trust, 
Chairman of the Gold Coast Agency, and a 
member of the Board of the National Téléphone 
Co. He is a cricketer of renown, and an ail- 
round sportsman, having won the waUdng race, 
swimming, foils, and singlesticks at Eton, 
and was Capt. of the Kent Cricket Eleven, ISl^ 
85, and Captain of the Ehigland Eleven tf. 
Australia L878-80-84. Lord Harris corn- 
mands the Royal East Kent Yeomanry, and 
was Acting Adjt. - Gen. for the Impérial 
Yeomanry in England, 1900, and in S.A. 
1901. He is also Chairman of the Eaat 
Kent Quarter Sessions. He married, July 8, 
1874, the Hon. Lucy Ada Jervis, dau. of the 
3rd Visoount St. Vincent. 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

HARRIS, Chablbs Alexandeb, B.A., 
C.M.G., of The Homesteeul, Cuddington, Surrey, 
waa bom at Wrexham, N. Wales, June 28, 
1866 ; is son of Rev. Geo. Poulett Harris, Vicax 
of Hawes, Yorks., £uid grandson of Capt. Poulett 
Heunis, one of the greateet known linguists, and 
is a descendant, on the maternai side, of Van 
Stout, the last man to leave New York in the 
War of Independenoe, and who was afterwards 
Chief Magistrate of Nova Scotia. Mr. C. A. 
Harris received his éducation at Richmond Sch., 
Yorks. ; Christ's CoU., Camb. (1874-8), and at 
Lincoln's Inn. At collège he was specially 
noticed for the Bell University Scholarship, and 
took a first class in the Classical Tripos, while at 
his Inn he took the Tancred Studentship. He 
entered the Colonial Offîce by open compétition 
in 1879 ; w£is Secy. to the West India RoycJ 
Commission of 1882-3, and was in the W. Indies 
from Dec. 1882 to May 1883, visiting nearly 
every island ; was Secy. to the Sugar Bounties' 
Conférence in 1887-8 ; attached to the Attomey- 
€ton.'s staff in the Venezuela Boundary Arbi- 
tration in Paris in 1899, and has been on Service 
Missions to Madrid (1897 and 1902), Lisbon 
(1902), and elsewhere. 

After many years* service in the West India 
Dept. of the Col. Office, he was transferred to 
the North American and Austrakisisui Depts. ; 
became head of the W. Africa Dept. in 1898, and 
after a period of spécial work on the BrazdHan 
Boundary Arbitration, was appointed heaà. of 
the dept. which deals with the British Central 
Africa Protectorate, the B.S.A. Company' s 
territories, etc. He has written a good deal on 
économies, and represents the Colonial Office 
on the Advisory Committee of the Board of 
Trade (Commercial Intelligence). 

At Cambridge Mr. Harris was Capt. of his 
collège beat, and Près, of the Athletic Club. 
He is still a good ail-round athlète, runner, 
swimmer and cricketer, and is the father of the 
football international, S. S. Hcurris. He married, 
in 1879, Constance Meuria, dau. of John Shute, 
of Glenavon House, Clifton, Glos. 

HARRIS, Col. David, M.L.A., C.M.G., of 
Kimberley, and of the Elimberley and Civil 
Service (C.T.) Clubs, was bom in London July 12, 
1852. He is son of Woolf and Phoebe Harris, 
and was educated at Coxford's Coll., London. 
He arrived in the C.Ç. in 1871, served 
in the Diamond Fields Horse through the Gaika- 
Galecka War, 1877-8 (mentioned in despatches, 
medal and dasp) ; took part in the Griqua War 
of 1878; commemded the Field Force in the 

Bechuanaland Rébellion in !1896, receiving the 
thanksof Govt., and the Colonial GeneriJ Service 
meded and clasp. During the siège of Elimberley 
he conmianded the Town Guard, 1899 (men- 
tioned in despatches, medal and clasp, and 
CM. G.). Col. Harris has also received the 
Volunteer Décoration, and has won several 
medals, cups and team trophies for rifle shoôt- 
ing. He entered the Cape Parliament as a 
Progressive in 1897 as member for Elimberley ; 
was last re-elected for Barkly West in Feb. 
1904 ; is a Director of De Beers Diamond 
Mines, and of several other mining cos. His 
récréations are hunting and shooting. He married» 
Nov. 12, 1S73, Miss Rosa Gabriel, of Pomerania, 

HARRISON, C. W. Francis, of Natal, 
youngest son of David Harrison, of Nottioçham, 
was bom Dec. 7, 1874, at Grantham, Lines., 
€Uid educated in that town. After servîng 
in the G.N.R. Co.*s offîce he joined the Natal 
Railway service (Dec. 1898), becoming personal 
assist. to Sir David Hunter, and later, Acting 
Chief Clerk to the Gen. Manager. He wa» 
appointed Secy. to the Spécial Commission 
on Railway s, 1902. Mr. Harrison directed 
the préparation of the art albums £uid souvenirs 
presented to the Roycd visitors to Natal, 1901-2 ; 
was compiler of the "New Officiai Rcdlway 
Guide and General Handbook to Natal" (1903), 
and Joint Compiler of the latest Bird's Eye 
Map of the War District in Natal. 

HART, Edwabd Aubrey, of Spencer House, 
Surbiton, and of the Constitutional Club, is 
the son of Thomas Gray Hart, artist ; was 
bom March 12, 1842, at Southcunpton, and 
was educated at the Rev. Eldred Woodland's 
Sch. at Southampton. He joined the Union 
Steamship Co., Ltd., in Sept., 1867, when the 
first mail steamer sailed for Cape Town, and 
was appointed Secy. of the Co. on January 
1, 1870, and Manager and Secy. in 1893. 
ThiB position he retained until the amalgama- 
tion of the Union with the Castle S.S. Co., in 
1900; and he retired from the Co. in 1903. 
During thèse thirty years he was frequently 
consulted by the varions Govt. Depts., espeoially 
by the Transport Dept. of the Adzniralty, toe 
whom he arranged the conveyance of many 
thousands of troops in the late S.A. War. In 
1884 he was instrumentcJ in providing Her 
Majesty's Govt. with two of the then 
fastest steamers, the Moor and Mexican, as 
armed oruisers. The former was the ovlj 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

merchant ship at that time which âew the pen- 
nant ; she was oommanded by Royal Naval 
offioers ; carried a naval crew, and was armed 
with heavy guns.. It was likewise his good 
fortune to be oalled upon to make ail arrange- 
ments for the joumey to Africa of the ill-fated 
Prince Impérial» at the time of the Zulu War, 
cmd when the body of the dead Prince was 
interred at Chiselhurst, Mr. Hart was one of 
the very few Englishmen, outside the Royal 
family, who were invited into the Chapel. 
Subsequently Mr. Hart was requested to carry 
through ail the arrangements for the joumey 
out and home to Natal of the Empress Eugénie, 
and on her retum to England he was specially 
introduoed to and thanked by Her Majesty. 
Bir. Hajrt married, Oct. 1868, Harriette Steele, 
dau. of John Dotterill, of Qosport. 

HARTLEY, Col. Edmund Babon, V.C , 
C.M.G.» Hon. Assoc. Order of St. John of Jeru- 
salem, M.R.C.S. Eng., L.R.C.P. Edin., of 
Rondebosch, C.T. and of the Civil Service 
Club, C.T., was bom May 6, 1847 ; is 
son of the late Dr. Edmund Hartley, of S. 
Devon, and was educated privately at Ply- 
mouth. He joined the C.M.R. Nov. 4, 1877 ; 
served through the GeJeka, Gaika and Marotsi ; 
rebellions, 1877-8-9 (medal) ; Basuto and Tem- 
buland, 1880-1 ; Langberg, 1897 (medal and 
three clasps) ; and the S.A. War (Queen's medeJ, 
three clasps, and King's medal, two clasps). Col. 
Hartley commcmds the Cape Med. Corps, 
and is P.M.O. of the C.C. Forces. He married 
EUen, 2nd dau. of J. Rose-Innes, CM. G., late 
Under-Secy. for Native Affairs. 

HEANY, Mauriob, of Bulawayo, Rhodesia, 
was bom in America, and has been pioneering 
in Africa for a number of years. He took psurt 
in the Mashonalcmd Pioneer Expédition, and 
in the expédition for the occupation of Matabele- 
land. He is associated as managing director 
with a number of mining cos. — those composing 
the Matabele Gold Reefs Group. 

HEATH, Jambs, M.P., of Ashome HiU, 
Leamington ; 54, Cadogan Square, London ; 
and of the Carlton, Junior Carlton, Cavalry, 
St. Stephen's, and Atlantic Clubs, was bom at 
Kidsgrove, StafiEs., Jan. 1862. He is third son 
of Robert Heath, of Biddulph Grange, Congle- 
ton ; and was educated at Clifton Coll. He 
has sat in the House of Commons for N.W. 
Staffordshire sinœ 1892 ; was CoL of the 
Staffordshire Yeomaory from 1897 to 1902; 

and is a director of Robert Heath & Soni 
the Birchenwood Colliery Co., and the Sout! 
Rand Exploration Co. He married Euphemi 
Célena, dau. of P. G. van der Byl, of Cape Towx 
in 1881. 

HELLIER, J., M.L.A., sits as Member foi 
East London in the Cape Parlicunent, havin^ 
been elected in the Progressive interest in Feb, 

Fbanois, G.C.M.G. {See "Addenda"). 

HENNIKER-MAJOR, Col. Hon. Abthub 
Henry, C.B., of 13, Stratford Place, W., and the 
Guards', Travellers', Carlton and Turf Clubs, 
was bom in London, Apr. 3, 1865 ; is the third 
son of the 4th Lord Henniker ; was educated 
at Eton and Ccunb. (B.A.) ; entered the Cold- 
stream Guards in 1875, the 2nd Batt. of which 
he has commanded since Nov. 29, 1902. He 
served in Egypt in 1882 (medal and bronze 
star), and in the S.A. War 1899-1902, with 
brevet rank of Col. (Queen's medal and six clasps, 
and King's medal €tnd two clasps). He married 
the second dau. of Lord Houghton. 

HENSHALL, Thomas, of Port Elizabeth, 
and the St. George's Club (P.E.), was bom at 
Adswood, Cheshire, Mch. 28, 1867 ; waa edu- 
cated at the National School, Stockport, Ches- 
hire, and entered the British and Lnsh Magnetio 
Telegraph Co.'s service in 1868. He trans- 
ferrâ to the Impérial Post Office two years 
later, and was for two or three years an instruc- 
tor in telegraphy, opening up offices in Cheshire, 
Derbyshire and Staffordshire. After serving 
in severeJ in^>ortant centres, he was transferred 
to the Cape Telegraphs in 1881. He has sinœ 
held appointments in Fauresmith, Queens- 
town, Kokstad, Grahamstown, and Port Eliza- 
beth, to which he was appointed Postmaster 
in July, 1898. 

HERHOLDT, Hon. Albebtus Johannxs, 
M.L.C., J.P. ; was bom in the Murraysburg 
Dist., C.C, in 1846 ; was educated at Murraysburg, 
where he was for many yeeurs a member of the 
Divisioncd and Municipal Councils and a member 
of the Licensing Court. He has been a member 
of the Cape Législative Council for the Midland 
Province since 1889, and sits as an independent 

HESS, Henbt, of Tugvor House, Kew 



Gardens, Surrey, and Beaoh Haven» St. Mar- 
garet's Bay, Dover, Kent, was bom July 19, 
1864, at Homburg ; is the youngest son of the 
late Joseph Chas. Hess and Lina Hess (née 
Sohottenfels) ; waa eduoated at Frankfort o/M. 
He was admitted solicitor and Notary Public 
of the Cape of Good Hope, 1885. He is éd. of 
the " Critic ** (London, Johannesburg and 
Pretoria), and of the ♦♦ Critic Black Book," and 
has published songs and dance music. He 
married, Nov. 6, 1896, Miss Maude Manon 

HEWAT, Db. John, M.L.A., represents 
Woodstock in the Cape House of Assembly. 
He is a Progressive, and was retumed to the 
House in Feb. 1904. 

HIGGS, Henry, LL.B., of H.M. Treasury, 
London, and the Savile Club, was bom in 1864. 
He was appointed SpecieJ Commissioner to 
Natcd 1902-3, to report upon the pay, organi- 
zation and worldng of the Natal Civil Service. 
His ^ report strongly condemned nearly every 
section of the administration. 

HILDYARD, Majob-Gen. Sœ Henby John 
Thoboton, K.C.B. (1900), Order of the Osman- 
ieh, of the United Service Club, was bom July 
6, 1846. He was educated at the Royal Naval 
Acad., Gosport, and served in the Navy for 
five years before entering the Army in 1867. 
He was Brig.-Maj. at Cyprus, Aug.-Nov. 1878 ; 
Briff.-Maj. at Gibraltar from that date till Aug. 
188a ; and served in the Egyptian Expeditioncury 
Force in 1882 as D.A.A. and Q.M.G. of the Ist 
Division, being présent in the engagements at 
El Magfar and Tel-el-Mahuta, at the action at 
Kassassin, and at the battle of Tel-el-Kebir 
(mentioned in despatches, brevet of Lient.- 
Col., medal with clasp, 4th Class of the 
Osmanieh, and Khedive's star). After again 
occupjdng his Staff appointment at GibreJtar, 
Sir Henry became D.A.A.G. on the H.-Q. Staff, 
Dec. 1883 to Mch. 1889 ; A.A.G., Aldershot, 
Oct. 1889 to Mch. 1891 ; A.A.G. at Army 
Headquarters, Apr. 1891 to Aug. 1893 ; Comdt. 
Staff Coll. tiU Feb. 1898 ; Maj.-Gen. Command- 
ing^Infantry Brig., Aldershot, until Oct. 8, 
1899, when he took command in S.A. first of €ua 
Infantry Brigade, afterwards commanding an 
InfantryTDiv. with local rank of Lieut.-Gen., 
and from Oct. 19, 1900, to Oct. 24, 1901, he had 
the conunand of the Natal district. Gen. Hildyeurd 
took part in the relief of Ladysmith, including 
the 8kction at Colenso ; the opérations of Jan. 

17 to 24, 1900, and the action at Spion Kop ; of 
Feb. 6 to 7, 1900, and the action at Vaal Kranz ; 
on Tug^la Heights, Feb. 14 to 27, and the action 
at Pieters Hill; and in Natal, March to June» 
1900, and the action at Laing*s Nek (four times 
mentioned in despatches, K.C.B., medal with five 
clasps). On Oct. 26, 1901, Sir Henry Hild3rani 
was appointed temporarily to the conmieuid of the 
First Army Corps ; Director of Military Education 
and Trcdning at Army Headquarters, Jan. 15» 
1903 ; and in Feb. 1904, he was appointed to the 
command of the forces in S.A. in succession to 
Sir Neville Ljrttelton. He married, in 1871, 
Axmette, dau. of the late Admirai J. C. Prévost; 

HILL, Clem, of Johannesburg, was hom in 
Australia, where he was an engineer on the 
South Australian Railways. He was the cham- 
pion left-handed bat of Australia, and visited 
England with the Australian cricket team in 
1902, with the réputation of being the best bat 
in the eleven. He went to S.A. with the 
Australian team later in 1902, scoring 76 and 
142 against Ail South Africa at Johannesburg. 
Mr. Hill remained in that town as a stockbroker. 

HILL, William Henby, B.A., of Cairo, and 
the Turf Club, Cairo ; was bom at Swindon» 
Wilts, where his father, Henry Hill, resided ; 
and was educated at King's Sch., Woroester, 
and Lincoln Coll., Oxon. (Exhibitioner). For^ 
merly an Asst. Master in the Khedivial Sch., 
Cairo, under the Ministry of Public Instruction ; 
he is now Law Lecturer at the Khedivial Soh. 
of Law, Ccûro. Mr. Hill is Licencié en Droit» 
Paris. He married, in 1902, Mary Agnes, only 
dau. of Rev. F. W. Quilter, D.D. 

HILLIER, Db. Alfbed Petbb, of 30, Wim- 
pple Street, London, W., and of the Arts Qab 
and Royal Institution of Great Britain, also 
Member of the Council of the Royal Colonial 
Institute, is the son of the late P. Playne Hillies 
of Shortwood, Glos., where he was bom in 1858. 
He was educated at King William*B Coll., Dde 
of Man, and Edinburgh Univ. Dr. HilUer 
first went to S.A. as a boy, and was ostrioh 
farming in 1875. He took his B.A. degree 
at the Cape Univ. in 1878, and served -in that 
year in the Gaika-Galeka War (medal and cla^). 
After the war he went to EdinburghTTniv., taking 
his M.B. and CM. in 1882 and his M.D. in 1884. 
After practising for a couple of years in East 
London, C.C., he proceeded to Eomberley as 
Résident Surgeon to the hospital there, and 
afterwards entered înto médical partnership with 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

Dr. L. S. Jameson. He was Près, of the S.A. 
Médical Congress in 1892. In 1893 Dr. HiUîer 
went up to Johannesburg, and found time to 
take an Skctive part in the politics of the Trans- 
v€uJ, being a prominent member of the Beform 
Committee, for which he was lodged in Pretoria 
gaol, until in May, 1896, he was liberated on 
payment of the £2,000 fine. In 1897 he retumed 
toEngland. Dr. Hillier is Secy. to the National 
Association (of Great Britain) for the Préven- 
tion of Consumption, and Consulting Physîcian 
to the London Open Air Sanatorium, and was 
nominated by H.B.H. the Prince of Wales in 
1899 as one of its représentatives at the Tuber- 
culosis Congress in Berlin. He w£^ successful 
in inducing the National Conférence of British 
Frîendly Sodeties to send an importcuit députa- 
tion (which he himself accompanied) to Qer- 
many to inspect sanatoria and other institu- 
tions establisned and controlled by the Glerman 
State Workmen's Insurance Dept., and was 
recdved by the Empress of Germany as an 
English delegate to the International Tubercu- 
losis Conférence. He is also a member of the 
Council of the International Bureau for the 
Prévention of Tuberculosis, which has its head- 
quarters at Berlin, and Vice-Chairman of the 
AUied Colonial Universities Conférence (1903). 

Dr. Hillier is the author of " South African 
Studies,'* and of the historical articles on South 
Africa, Transvaal, Orange River Colony, Cape 
Colony, and others in the " Encyclopaedia Bri- 
tannica" (new volumes, recently published by 
"The Times"), and has contributed largely to 
ovœ knowledge of S.A. by lectures and articles 
in newspapers and reviews. At the General 
Election in 1900 he unsuccessfully stood as 
XJnionist candidate for Stockport, but in 
Mch. 1904. he was adopted as Unionist candi- 
date for South Beds. He is on the London 
Colnmittees of the Robinson, Crown Beef, €«id 
several other well-known Rand Cos. When in 
Johannesburg he was a fréquent player in the 
Rand Polo Club team, of which he was Vice- 
Capt. His récréations are now shooting and 
golf. Dr. Hillier was married in 1885 to Ethel, 
dau. of F. B. Brown, of Queenstown, C.C. 

HINDE, SiDNET Lanofobd, was educated 
in France, Germany, at Clcure Coll. Ccunb., and 
at St. Bartholomew's Hospital, London. He 
was Résident Médical Officer at the North 
Sts^ord Hospital and the Tempérance Hospital, 
London, 1889-90; entered the Congo Free 
State service, taking part in the Arab oampaign, 
1892-4 (medal and star) ; he explored Upper 

MsJuga, Lukuga, etc., in 1894. He was 
pointod Med. Offîcer, East Africa Protc 
rate in Sept. 1895 ; took part in the Mabt 
Rébellion (medal) ; €tnd was appointed B 
Sub-Conmiissioner, Kenya Province, Apr. 

HINDLIP, Babon, Charles Alsopp, of 
Hindlip Hall, Worcester ; of Alsop-le-Dala^ 
Derbyshire ; and of the Turf and Bachelonf 
Clubs, is the son of the 2nd Baron Hindlip* 
He was bom Sept. 22, 1877 ; was educated at 
Eton and Trinity Coll., Cambridge, and obtained 
his B.A. in 1898. Baron Hindlip was A.D.C. 
to the late Govemor of Victoria, Baron Brass^, 
K.C.B. He was Capt. in the 5th Worcester 
Regt., and served in the 8th Hussars in 
S.A. 1900-1. He has travelled extensively, 
principally in Abyssinia, in 1902, and British 
East Africa in 1903, his expéditions being 
mainly for the purpose of sport. He married, 
Apr. 19, 1904, Agatha Lilian, second dau. of Mr 
and Mrs. John Thynne. 

HIRSCHLER, Isidore Henry, of Bula- 
wayo, Rhodesia, and of the Badminton Club, 
was bom at Vienna Nov. 15, 1855, and was 
educated in that city. He went to S.A. in 
the eighties for the purpose of representing 
English and French capital invested in the 
Rand. In 1893 he went to Rhodesia, and was 
elected the first May or of Bulawayo in 1897. 
He is Managing Director of Rhodesia Limited, 
and other Rhodesian companies. He went 
through the Matabele Rébellion in 1896, and 
held the rank of Capt. in the Rhodesian 
Horse. He married, May 8, 1900, Miss Jeanne 
Goldstuecker, of Frankf ort o /M. 

HOFFMAN, Dr. Jonas Matthias, M.L.A., 
of C.C, is Member for the Paarl, and one of 
the leaders of the Bond. He was with the Boer 
forces in the S.A. War (1899-1902), and he openly 
referred to the British forces in the Cape House 
of Assembly as the enemy . He was last retumed 
to the House in Feb. 1904. 

HOFMEYR, Jan Hendrik, of Welgemeend 
Estate, 9, Camp Street, Cape Town, and of the 
City Club, Cape Town, was bom in the capital 
of the Colony, July 4, 1845, his father, Jan 
Hendrik Hofiaie3rr, of Cape Town, having been 
the descendant of an ancestor of exaotly the 
sfiune name, who left Eppenburen to settle 
in the C.C. in the eighteenth century. The 
subject of oiu: sketch was educated at the 


Anglo-African Who*s Who 

S.A. Coll., and began his career as a joumalist 
on the staff of the " Volksvriend," of which he 
afterwards became proprietor. In 1871 he 
purchased the '* Zuid Afrikaan," eunalgamated 
the two papers, and thus became the con- 
troller of a very powerful press organ. Seven 
years later he founded the Boeren Vereeniging 
Farmers' Association, starting with purely 
loceJ aims, mainly to combat the Excise, but 
eventually, in 1883, after many years of rivalry, 
this association joined forces with the Afri- 
kander Bond, which at first had been hostile to 
British rule. But Mr. Hofmeyr rapidly became 
the virtual controller of the Bond, and from 
that time it was not at any rate officially dis- 
loyal, though he has been suspected of a 
désire to constitute S.A. an independent 
Republic. Mr. Hofme3rr entered the Cape 
Législative Assembly as member for Stellen- 
bosch in 1879. He was for a short time a 
member of Sir Thomas Scanlen's Ministry with- 
out portfolio. He was offered the premiership 
in 1884, but declined. In 1887 he was one of the 
Cape delegates to the first Colonial Conférence in 
London, ajid again at Ottawa in 1894. He 
was a member of the Customs Union Conférences 
at Cape Town in 1888, and at Bloemfontein in 
the following year. In 1890 he acted as H.M. 
Spécial Agent to Pretoria, to induce the Trans- 
vaal Govt. to sign the Swaziland Convention, 
his success in the matter at the time having 
been thought to hâve averted war. Though 
he had retired from active political hfe in 1894, 
he, at the time of the Raid, exercised considér- 
able influence over Lord RosmesMl, at that 
time High Commissioner. He also endeavoured 
to act as arbiter during the crisis preceding the 
late war, and while retaining the nominal 
leadership of the Dutch Afrikander party, who 
are devoted to him and beheve and trust him 
imphcitly, he was at one time the hope of the 
Modérâtes and peraona grata with the Colonial 
Office. He is Chairman of the Afrikander 
Bond Committee on Elections. Mr. Hofmeyr 
married. Sept. 1, 1900, Johanna Hendriksz, 
of Somerset West. 

HOLLAND, Frederick Catesby, of PeJace 
Chambers, Westminster ; Watchers, Hasle- 
mere ; and of the St. Stephen's and South 
African Clubs ; is third son of Rev. C. Holland, 
Prebendary of Chichester, cuid for 35 years 
Rector of Petworth. He was educated at 
Heûleybury ; has travelled in S.A., eind on 
one occasion in Rhodesia shot a wounded 
lion which had already charged and knocked 

over Cecil Bisaet. He was a Director of the 
St. Helen's Development Synd., Ltd., aind is 
now associated with a few T^ansvaal Cos. 
He married, in 1881, Frances, dau. of Ed. 
Livesey, M.D. 

HOLLIS, AiiirsED Clâud, F.R.C.I., of Mom- 
basa, E. Africa, was educated at Highgate, St. 
Leonards, Switzerland, and Germany. He 
was appointed Asst. Collecter, Eeust AMcan, 
Protectorate, in March, 1897 ; beccuoie Col- 
lecter in June, 1900; Acting British Vioe- 
Consul for German "East Africa from Apr. 1900» 
to Feb. 1901 ; and Secy. to the Administration, 
East African Protectorate, in Apr. 1902. 

HOPCRAFT, J. D., spent five months in the 
Civil Supply Office at Kimberley, whenoe he 
was transferred to Johannesburg. In 1902 he 
was appointed Chief Director of Supplies for 
the O.R.C. 

HOSKEN, William, M.L.C, of " Entabene," 
Berea, Johannesburg, and of the National 
Libéral and Rand Clubs, was bom at Hayle, 
Comwall, July 6, 1861, and is the son of Richard 
and Caroline Hosken. He weus educated at 
Hayle, and had his conmiercicd training with 
Wm. Hosken & Son, a well known ûcm. in 
Comwall, now merged in Hosken, Trevi- 
thick & Polkinghom, Ltd. He went to 
S.A. early in 1874. ; beccuoie a digger at 
Pilgrim*s Rest ; subsequently went to Natal, 
and was engaged in merchant business there 
until 1889; then went to Johannesburg as 
Mcmaging Director of the City and Suburban, 
Heriot, Nigel, cmd other Natal-direoted mines ; 
became Foundation Executive Conunittee 
Member of the Chcuoiber of Mines ; established 
the merchant business of Wm. Hoslœn & Co., 
and joined the Chcunber of Conmierce, having 
been six times elected Près, of that Chconber ; 
is Lloyds' Agent for Johannesburg and Chair- 
man of the Committee of Management of the 
British S.A. Explosives Co., Ltd. He has for 
years taken a large interest in politics. He 
assisted in establishing the National UnicMi in 
1892, and was elected to the Executive Com- 
mittee ; was Member of the Reform Com- 
mittee in 1896, and sentenced to two yeais' 
imprisonment and fined as in the case of the 
other prisoners. He was Chaimian of the 
mass meetings and political démonstrations in 
1899, and was unanimously elected Près, of 
the Uitlander Counoil formed that year. He 
was also Chairman of Committee whiôh in 1891^ 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


raiaed Thomeyoroft^s and Bethune*8 Mounted 
Infantry, and subsequently raised the Impérial 
light Infantry. Ail theee corps were rcûsed 
without ezpense to the Govt. He has served 
on variouB Govt. Commissions during and 
sinoe the wat ; was a non-offioial delegate 
at the Bloemfontein Customs Union Conférence 
in March, 1903, and became a Member of the 
Législative Council which commenced its sit- 
tinoB at Pretoria in May, 1903. Mr. Hosken 
had the locally unenviable distinction of being 
the only non-official member of the Council in 
favour of granting the municipal franchise to 
ooloured persons. He married, Oct. 16, 1877, 
Miss Clara Jcuoies, of Maritzburg. 

HOWARD, John Wuxiam, F.R.C.I., of 
Bulawayo, and of the Bulawayo Club, was 
born at Élaton Socon in 1867, and educated 
privately and at the Royal Univ., Ireland. 
He went to SA. for the Argus Co. in 1889, 
as éditer of the weekly édition of the " Cape 
Aiffus.'* Early in 1893 he travelled to Fort 
Sausbury, Mashonaland, and took the first 
printing plant into Rhodesia. In 1894 he 
went to Bulawayo, and founded the *' Bula- 
wayo Chronicle," and has since resided at Bula- 
wayo. During the Matabele rising (1896) he 
aoted as Correspondent for Reuter's Agency, 
** Pall Mail Gazette," and DalzieFs Agency. 
At the présent time he represents Reuter's at 
Bulawayo. He holds the medal as war corre- 
spondent for the Matabele War (1896). At- 
taohed to the Bulawayo Field Force he did good 
service carrsring despatches. He is one of the 
fonnders of the first Masonic lodges in Mashona- 
land Cknd in Matabeleland. He has been 
married twice : first, in 1895, to Evelyn Lydia, 
only dau. of the late Mr. Glendinnen, of Staf- 
ford, England ; and second, to Agnes, eldest 
dau. of the late Geo. Pike Hannaford, of 
Newton Abbot, Devon. 

HULETT, HoN. Sm James Leioh, Knt., 
M.L.A., of Pietermaritzburg, Natal, is head of 
^e firm of J. L. Hulett, Ltd., tea planters and 
owners of the Kearsney estate. He was elected 
in 1883 as Member of the Natal Executive 
Council ; has aoted as R.M. and Administrator 
of Native Law on several occasions ; is senior 
Member for Victoria County in the Natal Légis- 
lative Aasembly, of which he was Speaker until 
in Nov. 1902, he resigned in order to take up 
the leadership of the opposition in the place of 
Mr. J. G. Mayden. He was knighted on the 
occasion of the King's Coronation. 

HULL, BEemby Charles, M.L.C, was born 
at Caledon, C. C, on Nov. 21, 1860. Ho 
went to Kimberley in 1879 ; was in the 
Civil Service for a short period, and then be- 
came admitted and practised there as a soliciter, 
until 1889, when he removed to Johannesburg. 
He was one of the members of the Reform Com- 
mittee, and with his comrades was sentenoed 
to two years' imprisonment, to pay a fine of 
£2,000, and in default of pajonent to a further 
yecir^s imprisonment, and to banishment for 
three years. After undergoing imprisonment 
for a short period, the sentence was commuted 
to the payment of the fine. He assisted Lord 
Milner at the Bloemfontein Conférence, and 
shortly before the war took a prominent part 
in the Franchise agitation in Johannesburg. 
During the war he assisted in recruiting the 
S.A. Light Horse, MarshalFs Horse, and 
the Eeistem Province Horse, and took part 
in the column which under Gen. Brabant re- 
lieved Wepener. He was appointed one of the 
unofficial members of the Législative Council 
of the Transvaal in May, 1903, and was one of 
the smaJl minority of four who opposed Sir Geo. 
Farrar (q.v.) in his motion in the Council to 
import Chinese or other alien labour. 

HULLEY, Thomas Benjamin, J.P., of 
UmtaU, Rhodesia, and of the Umtali and Salis- 
bury Sporting Clubs, is the son of Edward and 
Mcury Hulley, and grandson of Richcu^i Hulley, 
one of the British settlers of 1820. He was 
born May 16, 1860, at Somerset East, C.C.,. 
and was educated at Grey Coll., Bloem- 
fontein, holding the Free State Bursary for two 
years. In 1881 he served with the Cradock 
Volunteer Rifies, €tnd during this period he saw 
active service in Basutoland, receiving medal 
and clasp. During a portion of this time 
he was ostrich f£urming in C.C. In 1883 he 
commenced trading in East Griqualand, and 
continued until 1886, when he left for the 
Barberton Gold Fields, and he remained with 
the Sheba Gold Mining Co. till 1895. In April 
of that year he joined the B.S.A. Co. as Native 
Commis9ioner, and has held this office at Mazoe, 
Lomogonde, Melsetter, again at UmtaU, 
Inycmga, and once more at Umtali. From 
Nov. 1902 to Feb. 1903 he acted as Chief Native 
Commissioner for Mashonaland, and has on 
several occasions acted as Magistrate for the 
Umtali District. He was appointed Asst. 
Magistrate for Umtali and J.P. for Southern 
Rhodesia in 1900. Mr. Hulley saw active* 
service again as Capt. of the Umtali Volun- 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

teers in the Mashonaland Rébellion in 1896. 
He represented the district of Umtali at the 
funeral of the late Hon. Gecil Rhodes in the 
Matoppos. He was detailed for duty with 
the Anglo-Portuguese Boundary Commission in 
1896, fiknd on war breckking out in the Transvaal 
be volunteered for service. He married, Oct. 
13, 1897, Oeorgîna, third dau. of Edward 

HUNTER, Charles Hastings, I.S.O., of 
Holmhurst, Reigate, Surrey, and of the Sports 
and Impérial Colonies Clubs, is the son of Col. 
Charles HuntOT, RoyeJ (BengsJ) Artillery. He 
was bom at Allahabad, IndUa, Sept. 7, 1864, 
and joined the Colonial Civil Service in Nov. 
1883 ; served in varions capcicities in St. Lucia 
and Grenada, West Indies, from that time until 
Oct. 1891 ; in that year he was transferred to 
the Grold Coast Service. In Nov. 1896 he was 
appointed Asst. -Colonial Secy. of Sierra Leone 
«nd a J.P. for that Colony. In 1897 he was 
re-transferred on promotion in a similar capa- 
city to the Gold Coast, where he held numerous 
appointments, including those of Colonial Secy. 
and Deputy-Govemor, and member of the 
Executive and Législative Councils of the 
Colony. For his services in connection with 
the Àshaiiti Expédition of 1900 he was men- 
tioned in despatches, and appointed a Com- 
panion of the I.S.O. (May, 1903). He was 
appointed Chief Asst. Colonial Secy. for the 
Gold Coast Colony, Oct. 1901. 

HUNTER, SiB David, K.C.M.G. (1901), 
C.M.G. (1898), of Colinton, Durban, Natal, 
and of the Durban Club, is the son of David 
Hunter, of Bronbum, Linlithgowshire, Scot- 
land. He was bom Jan. 24, 1841, at Bronbum, 
and was educated at the Parish ajid Free Church 
Schs., Kirkliston, LinUthgowshire. He entered 
the service of North British Railway Co., 
Edinburgh, as an apprentice in the Accountants' 
Dept., 1853, and served successively in 
the Stores, Gener£j Superintendent's, and Gène- 
raX Majiager's Depts. till 1879, when he 
was appointed by the Secy. of State for the 
Colonies to the offîce of General Manager of 
Natal Govt. Railways at their inception. 
In 1881 and 1882 his services to the militeoy 
authorities during the Boer Wax were noticed 
in despatches by Gen. Sir Evelyn Wood, and 
he received the thanks of the Secy. of State. 
In the same year he was appointed by the 
Govemor a Commissioner of the Natal Hcurbour 
Board. In 1883 he was elected fîrst Président of 

the Natal CeJedonian Society. In 1890 he was 
created a Member of the Executive Coimcil of 
the Colony under Royal Sign-Mcuiual, and was 
a member of the Harrismith Rcûlway Con- 
férence. In 1892-3-4 he was a Delegate 
of the Natcd Govt. to the Govt. of the 
(late) S.A.R. on Rcûlway Extension to 
Johannesburg, which ultimately was ar- 
rcmged under agreement, the construction of 
the line being carried out by Natal in 1894-5» 
he representing the Grovt. as oontractor. He 
represented NatcJ in valions conférences on 
Railway and Harbour questions at Cape Town, 
Pretoria, Eeust London, Johannesburg, and 
Bloemfontein. He originated, eind was the 
first Chairman of the S. A. Railway 
OiB&cers' Conférence, Pietermaritzburg, 1897. 
Elected Chairman of Port Advîsory Board» 
1898, and was a Member of Coal Industry Com- 
mission, appointed by Govt. in same year. He 
was first Près, of Durban Church Council, 1899 ; 
was elected Chairman of Colonial Réception 
Committee in connection with Royal Visit to 
Natal, 1901. Sir David' s services during the 
Boer War were mentioned in the despatches 
by Genls, Sir George White, Sir Red- 
vers Buller, Field - Marshal Lord Roberts» 
and Lord Kitchener. He was Chcûrman 
of the S. A. Congrégations^ Union in 1903. 
He married, Oct. 5, 1865, Margaret Gordon 
Laing, second dau. of Robert Laing, of Mossy 
Mill, Colington, near Edinburgh. 

HUTCHINSON, Capt. Eluot St. Maubioe» 
M.L.C., of Bulawayo ; the Redwoods, Johan- 
nesburg (P.O. Box, 6434) ; and the Bulawayo» 
Rhodesia, and Junior Constitutional Clubs; 
son of Bury Victor Hutchinson, Solicîtor ; 
was bom in England ; educated at King*s CoU. 
Sch., London, and spentthe early part of his 
life in the redwoods of Califomia and on the 
plains as a cowboy. Returning to England 
he became a solicitor and member of l^e firm 
of Hutchinson & Sons, Lincoln's Inn Fields. 
He went to S.A. in 1896 during the Mata- 
bele rébellion, and was cidmitted as a solioitor 
in Rhodesia, where he pra^îtised until the war, 
when he joined the Rhodesian Frontier Force» 
serving as Lient, in the Rhodesian Volunteers. 
He was severely wounded at the commence- 
ment at Tuli ; was sent home as one of the 
delegates to interview Mr. Chcunberlain, on* 
behalf of the S.A. Vigilance Assoo. in connection 
with the peace terms. On returing to S.A. 
he took commmand of *' G " squad of 2nd 
Kitchener's Fighting Scouts, and saw much 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


flghtmg with Col. Wilson^s column in the 
N. Transvaal and O.R.C., being mentioned in 
deepatohes by Lord Kitchener for conspicuous 
gallantry at Blauwkrcuitz, O.B.C. He was on 
the Staff and Spécial Intelligence at Pretoria 
at the dose of the w£ur, when he resumed his 
practice as a soliciter in the firm of Hutchinson, 
Sons & Russell, of Johannesburg and London. 
Cu»t. Hutchinson is the author of '' Two Years 
a Cowboy/* which is an Skccount of his early life. 
He is unmarried. 

INGRAM, At.bekt Wells, of Amberley, 
Reigate» Surrey, was educated at Uppingheum 
Sc&ool and abroad. Amongst S.A. agri- 
cuHorists and merchants Mr. Ingram is well 
known, and to the Cape alone his firm, the 
Snrrey Seed Co., of which he is Managing 
Director, has shipped enormous eumounts of 
seed of ail descriptions. He has made a close 
stndy of agriculture in various countries, 
inquiring into the différent local methods of 
cultivation 8knd as to the laws and régulations 
in force with regard to land cultivation. In 
1889 he visited Russia to inquire into the 
failure of the crops. He was for some years a 
member of the Council of the now defunct 
British Fruit Growers' Association, and is a 
member of the newly formed Agricultural 
Organization Society and of other societies 
formed for the advancement of agriculture. 
He is devoted to shooting and aJl sorts of sport, 
and in 1898 embarked on a sporting expédition 
through Finland and Lapland. He speaks 
German and Scandinavian fiuently. 

INNES, SiB Jambs Rose, K.C.M.G., B.A., 
LL.B., of Park Street, Pretoria ; and of the 
Beform (London), Civil Service and City (C.T.), 
the Pretoria azid Athenseum (Johannesburg) 
GlabSy was bom in Grahamstown, Jan. 8, 1855. 
He is son of Jcuoies Rose Innés, C.M.G., late 
Under Seoy. for Native Affairs for the C.C., 
and a n^hew by marriage of Sir Gordon 
Sprigg. He was educated at Bedford and at 
the Gill ColL, Somerset East, €tnd graduated 
B.A. and LL.B. at the Cape University. Sir 
James was admitted an advocate of the Suprême 
Court, Cape Town,in 1878. He satin the Cape 
Home of Assembly from 1884 as member for 
Victoria East, and at the General Election in 
1888 was elected for the Cape Division, being 
re-élected in 1894, and retaining his seat until 
1902. He was made Q.C. in 1889 ; was At- 
tomey-Gen. in the first Rhodes Ministry, 
whioh he resigned in 1893. He was retained 

by the Impérial Govt. on behalf of the British, 
.Ajnerican and Belgian Reform prisoners, tried 
for high treason against the S.A.R., but owing 
to a &£ght technical objection, he was not per* 
mitted to address the Court. He was allowed, 
however, to sit at counsels* table and to advise 
the barristers defending the prisoners. After 
the latter were imprisoned "Mr, Innés (as he 
then was) remained in Pretoria with Mr. (now 
Sir Richard) Solomon, endeavouring to obtain 
some ameUoration of their conditions and 
nûtigation of their sentences. He was Attomey- 
Gen. in the Sprigg Ministry, June 1900, re- 
signing Feb. 1902, and in the following month 
he was appointed Chief Justice of the Trans- 
vaal Colony under the British Administration, 
winning the confidence of British and Afri- 
kander alike. He married. Cet. 18, 1881, 
Jessie, youngest dau. of the late William ^Dods 
Pringle, of Lynedoch, Glen Lynden, Bedford 
District, ce. 

INNES, Robert Thobbubn Ayton, of the 
Observatory, Johannesburg, was bom in Edin- 
burgh Nov. 10, 1861. He w€w formerly Secy. 
of the Royal Observatory of the Cape of Good 
Hope, and is now Director of the Transvaal 
Meteorological Dept. He is the author of 
" Southern Double Stars *' and other scientifio 

INSKIPP, Fbank W., of Rhodesia, was 
selected at the latter end of 1903 for the office 
of Secy. to the Dept. of Lands for S. Rhodesia. 

IRVlNJfi, James, of Devonshire Road, 
Claughton, Birkenhead, and of the Reform 
Club (Liverpool), National Libéral Club (Lon- 
don), and City Libéral Club (London), is the 
son of Simon Irvine and Christina Conmion, 
late of Jedburgh, Roxburghshire. He was 
bom Feb. 16, 1835, at Langholm, Dumfries- 
shire. He was educated at the N'est Aoad., 
Jedburgh, £uid received his business éducation 
in Glasgow. Early in 1858 he went to the 
West Coast of Africa as a merchant. After 
residing there until Dec. 1862, he retumed to 
Liverpool from which city he has conducted 
business with West Africa until the présent 
time. On his various visits to the Gold Coast 
he was struck with the prospects of gold mining, 
and early in 1878 he began the first systematic 
development of that industry, which resulted 
in the formation of the Effuenta and of the 
Abbontiakoon Gold Mining Cos. Thèse enter- 
prises were not then sucoessful owing to in- 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

herent difficulties, but Mr. Irvine never lost 
faith in the conviction that West Airica would 
repay ail outlay honestly and judiciously made. 
He is at the présent time interested in many of 
the successful cos., and is chfiômian of four. In 
1882 he was instrumental in bringing about the 
fîrst systematic survey of the railway from the 
ooeust to the Tcurkwa mines. He has contri- 
buted several papers on W. African subjects 
to the current literature of the day, which hâve 
been read with considérable interest. He is 
a F.R.G.S., Vice-Chfiôrman of the Liverpool 
GeographiccJ Society, Medallist of the Society 
of Arts, and Knight Commander of the Order 
of African Rédemption, Libéria. He married : 
first, Elizabeth, second dau. of the late John 
Hickson, of Liverpool, on June 14, 1864, who 
died April 5, 1880, leaving three sons cuid two 
daughters. He subsequently married, on Oct. 
14, 1884, Catherine Emma Strong, yoimgest 
dau. of the late Rev. Léonard Strong, of Tor- 
quay, cmd grand-dau. of the late Sir Robert 
Dundas, Bart., of Beechwood, Edin., and of 
Dunira, Perthshire, by whom he has two sons. 

JACKSON, LiEUT.-CoL. H. M., R.E., 
M.L.C., of Pretoria, has been, since March 1903, 
Surveyor-Gen. of the Transvaal, a branch of 
the Lands Dept. established in 1902, which is at 
at présent mainly engaged in carrying out 
cadastral surveys. 

JACKSON, Fbedebick John, CM. G. (1902), 
C.B. (1899), was educated at Shrewsbury Sch. 
and Jésus Coll., Camb. He was Ist Cleiss Asst., 
XJg€tnda Protectorate, July 1894 ; Vice-Consul, 
Uganda Protectorate, May 1895 ; Deputy Com- 
missioner, Uganda, Apr. 1901 ; and was ap- 
pointed Deputy Commissioner for the East 
Africa Protectorate in April 1902. Mr. Jack- 
son is the possessor of the East and Central 
African medal, with clasps for Lumbwa and 
Nandi, 1897-8. 

JAGGER, John William, M.L.A., of Wyn- 
berg. Cape Town, and of the City Club, Cape 
Town, is the son of the late William Jagger, of 
Only House, Northowram. He was bom Sept. 
20, 1859, at Northowram, Yorks., and was 
educated at Bumsall Gram. Sch. He went 
to S.A. in 1880. He is Président of the 
Association of the Chambers of Commerce 
of S.A. ; member of the Table Bay Harbour 
Board, and was elected to represent Cape Town 
in the Progressive interest in the Législative 
Assembly in Nov. 1902, being last re-elected 

in Feb. 1904. Mr. Jagger is head of the firm 
of J. W. Jagger & Co., S.A. merchants. He 
is a Fellow of the Royal Statistioal Society, and 
a Fellow of the Society of Arts. He married^. 
in 1885, Mary, only dau. of the late William 
Hall, of Cape Town. 

JAMESON, Adam, of Pretoria ; is Commis- 
sioner of Lands for the Transvaal, and haa 
also under his control the Depts. of Agricul- 
ture, Irrigation and Water Supplies, and Sur- 
veys, the Irrigation Dept. being at présent in 
process of formation. 

JAMESON, Dr. The Hon. Lbandeb Stabb, 
M.L.A., C.B. (1894), of 2, Down St.,Piccadilly, 
W., eind of the Beefsteak Club, waa bom in 
Edinburgh Feb. 9, 1853, and is one of many 
children of the late R. W. Jameson, W.S. H» 
was educated at Godolphin Sch., Hammersmith, 
and studied medicine at London Univ.,. 
graduating M.B. and B.S. 1875, M.R.C.S. Eng. 
1875, and M.D. 1877. He then went to America, 
and on his retum to England was oSered th& 
post of Consulting Physicicui to the Kimberley 
Hospital, and a partnership in the prekctioe of 
Dr. Prince of that town. Proceeding there 
he was soon recognized as one of the leading- 
members of his profession, with what waa 
probably the best practice in S.A. From 
this period dates his friendship with the late 
Cecil Rhodes. In 1881 Dr. Jameson c€une to 
Europe on a holiday, and from the time of his 
retum to S.A. began his interest in the historié 
movement known as the Northern Expansion. 
He cuîcompanied Dr. F. Rutherfoord Harris and 
Rochfort Maguire, M. P., on a spécial mission 
to Lobengula (whom he treated for goût) ; and 
it was perhaps owing to tliis fact that the mis- 
sion was successful in accomplishing its objecta. 
On his retum to Kimberley Dr. Jcuneson again 
resumed the practice of his profession until 
Sept. 1889, when with Major Maxwell, Major 
Frank Jolmson, and Mr. Denis Doyle he un- 
offîcially accompanied another mission to 
Lobengula. On the occupation of Mashona- 
land, Mr. Colquhoun was administrator of 
that territory, but Dr. Jameson held Mr. Rhodes* 
power of attomey. During thèse early days 
he had to endure a course of self-denial so severe 
that nothmg but the most single-minded dévo- 
tion to his self-imposed duties could hâve 
ccurried him through. Long wanderings through 
the ''ây-belt" with Major Johnson in searoh 
of the Eeist Coast route, endless troubles with 
his sorely-tried pioneers, imminent prospeot» 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

(sometimes recJized) of conâicts with Boer 
trekkers, Matabele ajid Portuguese— thèse were 
some of the propositions which required his 
infinité patience, tact, courage and hard work 
to combat. 

Eventually reaching Rimberley again, Nov. 
15, 1890, he left once more for Mashonaland 
on Dec. 2 with some officiais of the Chartered 
Co. At Rhodes' Drift he met the Boer expédi- 
tion organised by Gen. Joubert to set up a new 
republic of Banjai in Chartered territory, and 
with great tact and firmness prevented the 
Boers from crossing the Crocodile River. 

On Sept. 18, 1891, Dr. Jameson succeeded 
Mr. Colquhoun as Chief Magistrate and Ad- 
ministrator of Mashonaland ; he took over also 
the administration of Matabelelatnd from Sept. 
1894, and in Oct. following was appointed 
Résident Conmiissioner of the territories along 
the western border of the S.A.R., north of 
Bechuan£Jand. Thèse posts he relinqmshed 
in 1895 in conséquence of his complicity in the 

It is diffîcult to say when Dr. Jameson* s con- 
nection with the Transvaal Reform movement 
first originated. He possibly for years had in 
view the part which he was to play. However 
that may be, curcmgements were msMle between 
the Reform leaders and Dr. Jameson as early as 
Sept. 1895, that he would mcôntcôn a force of 
some 1,500 mounted men with Maxims and 
field artillery on the western border of the 
Transvaal (ostensibly in case of diffîculties with 
the Bechuanaland natives), and the seizure of 
the Pretoria fort and the railway was planned 
in conjunction with local levies. That was the 
original idea, but the arrangements were modi- 
fied. The Johannesburg leaders appear to 
hâve somewhat regretted that they had invit-ed 
outside aid, €tnd it waâ agreed with Mr. Rhodes 
in Nov. 1896 that the B.B.P. and other troops 
should be kept £U3ros8 the border only as moral 
support or for assistance in case the Uitlanders- 
found themselves in *' a tight plaise,'* for which 
eventuality an undated letter, signed by the 
leaders, was hcuided to Dr. Jameson towards 
the end of Nov., setting forth the condition of 
aff airs and inviting him to oome to their assist- 
ance. This letter was mainly to justify the 
doctor bef ore the British Qovt. and the Diiectors 
of the Chartered Co. Dates for the invasion 
were tentatively fixed, but the Secy. of the 
Reform Committee bas reoorded that the pri- 
mary condition of thèse arrangements was 
that under no ciroumstancee should Dr. Jame- 
son move without receiving the word from the 

Johannesburg party. Doubts were then ei 
tained as to whether there was not some ui 
l3dng intention on the part of Mr. Cecil Rhi 
and the doctor to corne in under the Bri 
âag, and so strong did thèse suspicions beC' 
that emiss£udes were sent to Mr. Rhodes ( ». 
25) to get his clear pronouncement that u 
were co-operating for a reformed €tnd rep&o- 
sentative repubhc only, and the next day 
officers were despatched to Dr. Jcuneson to 
emphatically prohibit any movement on hin 
part, and explaining the âag diffîculty and the 
unpreparedness of the Uitlanders. But the 
doctor began to reveal an impatience which no 
protest either from the Committee, from Mr. 
Rhodes, or from individuals at Johannesburg 
coTild restrain. On Dec. 28, 1895, he wired 
" I shall start without f ail to-morrow night," and 
he left accordingly with 8 Maxims, two seven- 
pounders, one twelve-pounder, ajid about 480 
well mounted men. Such was the consterna- 
tion produced by this act that the first impulse 
waa to repudiate the doctor' s interférence. 
But that was of course impossible. Maxims 
had already been placed in position round 
Joh€Uinesburg, and some 2,000 rifles distributed 
and now earth-works were thrown up and 
défensive measures hastily taken. The force 
left Pitsani at about 5 p.m. on Sunday, €tnd in 
spite of messages received from the High Com- 
missioner, the British Agent, and the Reform 
lesMlers, waming Dr. Jameson to withdraw his 
troops, he continued to Ejrugersdorp (150 
miles), which he reached at 3 p.m. on Wednes- 
day. Near hère, at the Queen's mine, the 
invfiwiers suffered a small reverse, cuid with- 
drew, the firing being carried on until 11 p.m. 
During the night the Boers were reinforced 
with guns, Maxims, and men, bringing up their 
numbers to 1,200 or 1,500 men. Dr. Jameson 
seemed quite unacquÉÛnted with the locality, 
and relied on the guidance of a local man, who 
led him into the strong position held by the Boers 
at Doomkop, Vlakfontein. He made a despe- 
rate attempt to break through, his men behav- 
ing with great gallantry. But the position was 
unassailable, and the force surrendered as 9.15 
on Thursday moming, conditionally on the 
lives of ail his force being spared. The casual- 
ties were 18 killed and about 40 wounded, while 
the Boers owned to 4 killed and 5 wounded. 

Dr. Jcuneson was handed over by Mr. Bjriiger's 
Govt. to the British Grovt. for trial in London. 
Following on the police-court proceedings, he 
was tried at Bcur on the charge of having con- 
travened the Foreign Enlistment Act of 1870 



Anglo-African Who's Who 

by organizing cuid heading a hostile expédition 
from Pitsani-Pitlogo against a friendly power. 
The trial commenced on Jiine 20, 1896, at the 
High Court of Judicature, and lasted seven 
days. He was foiind guilty and sentenoed to 
imprisonment as a first-class misdemeanant for 
fifteen months. He was, however, released 
from Holloway in the foUowing Dec. on account 
of iUness. 

After a partisJ retirement for some years, 
Dr. Jameson retumed to S.A., servlng in the 
war (1899-1900), during which time he was 
besieged in Ladysmith, doing useful work until 
he was himself laid up with enteric. In 1900 
he was elected a member of the Législative 
Assembly for Kimberley, and made his maiden 
speech in the House on Aug. 28, 1902, in which 
he hoped that the Raid nûght now be forgotten. 
Seceding from the Sprigg party, he identified 
himself with the Suspension movement, and 
was eventually (June 8, 1903), elected leader 
of the new Progressive party which, after 
a long and difficult struggle, entailing considér- 
able organizing powers, tact, control, and 
restraint, he led to viotory at the gênerai 
élection in Feb. 1904, himself being retumed 
as member for Grahamstown. The Progres- 
sives being in a majority of five in the new 
assembly, and of one in the Council, and Sir 
Gordon Sprigg havîng been defeated at the 
poil, the résignation of the Ministry followed 
as a matter of course, and a new Cabinet was 
inmiediately formed by Dr. Jameson, consist- 
ing of himself as Premier with charge of Native 
AfEairs, Col. Crewe as Colonial Secy., E. H. 
Walton as Treasurer, Dr. Smart as Com- 
missioner of Crown Lands and Public Works, 
Victor Sampson as Attomey-Gen., Arthur 
Fuller as Secy. for Agriculture, auid Sir Lewis 
Michel! as Minister without portfolio, ail of 
whom are referred to more particularly in 
other pages. The Premier will hâve to exercise 
ail his qualities of leadership to achieve the 
objects of his party, the immédiate task being 
the passing of an équitable redistribution bill, 
and the ultimate aim the ImperiîJ fédération 
of British S. Africa. But in spite of certain 
limitations, he possesses that knowledge of men 
and €b£Fairs, patience, sobriety of thought and 
action, imagination, capacity for hard work, 
and that necessary amount of da>ring which 
make for success. If he has not the magnetic 
power of a commanding personahty, he certainly 
does not fail in inspiring friendship and zeal, 
courage and persistence. He is a^îcessible and 
suave, well able to bear extrêmes of fortune. 

and haa never yet forgiven his one great failure. 
To the depeurtment over which Dr. Jameson now 
présides he brings a close knowledge of native 
oharacter and a keen appréciation of the neces- 
sity of raising the status and usefulness of the 

Dr. Jcuneson is a Director of the British 
SA. Co., and of the De Beers Consoli- 
dated Mines, and by the last oodicil of Mr. 
Cecil Rhodes* will, he was appointed a oo- 
executor and trustée thereof. He is not 

JARVIS, LiETTT.-CoL. Alexandeb Wbston, 
C.M.G. (Apr. 1901), M.V.O. (1901), of 66, Park 
Street, Grosvenor Square, and of the Carlton, 
Marlborough and Bachelors* Clubs, is the eldest 
son of Sir Lewis Jarvis, of Middleton Towers, 
King's Lynn, where he was bom, Dec. 26, 
1855. He was educated at Harrow, and repre- 
sented King's Lynn as Conservative M.P. from 
1886 to 1892. 

As a member of the firm of Partridge & Jarvis, 

he was actively interested in the formation and 

control of a large number of Rhodesian under- 

takings. He was in Rhodesia when the Mata- 

bele RebeUion of 1896 broke out. He then 

accompanied the Volunteer forces in an un- 

attached capacity, but took command of a 

squadron on its leader being mortaHy wounded 

(medal). He was again in Rhodesia when 

the S.A. War opened in 1899, and joined the 

Rhodesian contingent under Col. Plumer, 

taking part in the relief of Mafeking. On 

leaving Plumer*s force at the end of 1900, CoL 

Jarvis came to England, but retumed three 

months later in command of the 21st Battn. of 

I.Y. serving with Col. Rimington's and Sir 

Henry Rawlinson's coliunns, during which time 

he took part in the successful drives under Gen. 

Bruce Hamilton, from the beginning of Nov. 

1901 to the end of Jan. 1902. Towards the end 

of the war Col. Jarvis was employed in putting 

up the Block-house Unes from Ermelo to 

Carolina in the North, and from Ermelo to the 

Swaziland Border on the East (S.A. medal 

and four clasps, €tnd King's medal and two 

cleisps). At the conclusion of hostilities his 

battn. was disbanded, but Col. Jarvis was 

given the hon. rank of Lient. -Col. in the Army, 

together with the dignity of C.M.G. On retum- 

ing to England he exchanged from the Derby- 

slure Yeomanry Cavalry to take command 

under Lord Dunraven of the' 3rd County of 

London I.Y. — a régiment which was formed 

out of the old 18th, 21st, and 23rd Batts. 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

of I.Y. whioh had served with Col. Jarvis in 

In Nov. 1902 Col. Jarvis proceeded to the 
Delhi Durbar on the Staff of H.B.H. the Duke 
of Connaught. Meanwhile the partnership of 
PÉurtridge & Jarvis having terminated by the 
effluxion of time. Col. Jarvis retumed to the City 
to supervise his business. Amongst other Coin- 
pcmies he is a Direotor of the India Bubber, 
Gutta Percha & Telegraph Works, and many 
Rhodesian Cos. 

At one time an ardent steeplecha.ser and 
cricketer, he now limits his récréations mainly 
to hunting and shooting. Col. Jarvis is un- 

JENKIN, Thomas Nicol, of Tolgus, Red- 
ruth, ComwcJl, and 124, Palace Chcunbers, 
Westminster, was bom Mar. 6, 1865. He is 
proprietor of the " Cornubian '* newspaper, 
Secy. of the National Industriel Assoc, and 
Seoy. of the S.A. Trade Committee, by whom he 
was sent out as Spécial Commissioner to report 
upon the gênerai trade of S.A. (exclu- 
ding engineering and textiles). The results of 
his investigations were published in 1902 by 
P. S. King & Sons under the title of " South 
African General Trades." He married, in 
1887, Jessica Frances Lemon, dau. of John 

JENNINGS, Hbnnbn, C. E., of Morthner 
House, Egerton Gardons, London, S.W., of 
1, London Wall Buildings, E.C., and of the 
Union Club, San Francisco, and the Rand Club, 
Johannesburg, was bom in Hawesville, Ken- 
tucky, U.S. A., May 6, 1854, €tnd is son of Jas. 
R. Jennings, of Norfolk, Virginia, an owner of 
coal mines in Kentucky, by his wife Katherine 
Sharpe Hennen, of New Orléans. Mr. Hennen 
Jennings was eduoated at Lawrence Scientific 
Sch., Harvcurd Univ., where he graduated 
CE. in 1877. Since then he has been identified 
with many mining undertakings, notably with 
the North Bloomfield Gold Gravel Mining Co. 
in Califomia, in 1877 cuid 1880 ; the New Almaden 
Quicksilver Mines in Califomia, 1877 to 1880, 
and 1883 to 1887; the Ruby Gold Gravel 
Mining Company in Califomia, from 1881 to 
1883; and the El CaUao Mine, Venezuela, 
from 1887 to 1889. From December 1889 to 
June 1898 he was Consulting Engineer to H. 
Eokstein & Co., Johannesburg, and has been 
Consulting Engineer for varions periods to the 
followinff Tranavaal Gold Mining Companies : — 
Rand Mmes, Robinson, Crown Beef, New Heriot, 

City & Suburban, Henry Nourse, Nigel, N 
Modderfontein, and others. From July 18 
to the présent time he has acted as Consulti 
Engineer in London to Messrs. Wemher, Beit 
Co. ; in addition to which he is Director of t. 
El Oro Mining & Bly. Co. of Mexico, and Pref 
dent (1903 and 1904) of the Institution of Minii 
and Metallurgy. 

Mr. Jennings is greatly interested in eduo« 
tional matters ; was a member of Trcmsvcu 
School Board in 1897 and 1898 ; Member of tw 
Technical Education Commissions in Transvaa 
1902, 1903 and 1904 ; Member of the Londoi 
Advisory Committee of the Transvaal Technica 
Institute, and Member of the Departmenta 
Committee of the Royal Collège of Science, etc. 
etc. Besides which he is a Member of tht 
Institute of Civil Engineers ; American Institute 
of Mining Engineers ; South African Association 
of Engineers ; Chemical, Metallurgical and 
Mining Society of South Africa; Mechcmioal 
Engineers' Association of the Witwatersrand ; 
Geological Society of South Africa ; South 
African Association for Advancement of Science, 
and the Society of Arts. 

He is a keen golf player, and a member of 
the West Herts and Cinque Ports Golf Clubs. 
He married, October 7, 1886, Mfi^y L., 
daughter of John C. Coleman, of San Francisco, 

M.I.M. and M., S.A.A.E., of Corona House, 
Mayfair, Johannesburg, and of the Rand and 
Athenœum Clubs, Joheuinesburg, is the son of 
James R. Jennings, his mother being a dau. of 
Alfred Hennen, a lawyer of New Orléans. He 
was bom Aug. 13, 1863, in Hancock County, 
Kentucky, U.S.A., and was educated at Tours, 
France, Hanover, Gtormcmy, €tnd Lawrence 
Scientifio Sch., ECarvard Univ. Mr. Jennings 
acquired a practical knowledge of mining in the 
quicksilver mines of New Almaden and the 
Copper Mines of the Anaconda Co. He 
went to S.A. as Manager of the Willows 
Copper (Argentiferous) Synd., Ltd., in 1890, and 
was appointed Assis. General Manager of De 
Beers Consolidated Mines., Ltd. Mr. Jennings 
went to the Rand in 1893 as Manager of the 
Crown Deep, Ltd., and was appointed Qen, 
Manager of the Crown Reef G. M. Co. in 1896 ; 
he joined H. Eckstein & Co.*s Mining Dept. 
in 1899, and was appointed Consulting 
Engineer to that firm in 1900, €uid is also Consult- 
ing Engineer to the Robinson G. M. Co., the 
Crown Reef, Bonanza, Robinson, Central Deep, 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

Ferreira, City and Suburban, Village Deep, New 
Modderfontein, Henry Nourse, Turf Mines, Ltd., 
etc. Mr. Jennings was member of the Johannes- 
burg Town Council from Dec. 1901 to April 
1903, when he did very good service aa Chairman 
of the Works Committee. He haâ also taken a 
great interest in éducation ; ia a member of the 
goveming body of the Transvaal Technical 
Institute, and is also a member of many scientific 
societies. He married, Aug. 18, 1903, Amy 
Florence VfJby, dau. of Col. Philip Dassie 
Home, R.H.A. 

JEPPE, Carl, of the Rand Club, was born at 
Bostock, Mecklenburg, Germany, in 1858, and 
was educated in Germany and Pretoria. He 
went to the Transvaal in 1870, entering the 
Govt. service as Public Prosecutor for the Water- 
burg in 1877. He was admitted to practise as 
advocate at the TransvaeJ bar in 1884, and in the 
early days of the Rand he became joint-owner 
of the Johannesburg Suburbs — Jeppestown and 
Fordsburg. He was member of the Diggers' 
Committee in 1877 ; Chairman of the Chcunber 
of Mines in 1888, and Member of the Johannes- 
burg Chamber of Mines in the following year. 
Mr. Jeppe waa elected Member of the Second 
Raad for the Rand Gold Fields in 1891, but was 
unseated on the ground of informality and 
declined to stand again. He was, however, 
retumed as Member for Johannesburg to the 
First Raad in 1893. He was strongly in favour 
of extending the franchise to the new-comers 
under certain conditions ; advocated a spirited 
railway policy and the remodelling of the fînatn- 
cial System of the State. During the 1894 
session he was the mainstay of the Progressives 
in the Raad, and f ought valiantly in the interests 
of the Uitlanders. His plea for the aUen during 
the Franchise debate was said by the " Argus 
Annual " to hâve been recognized as the finest 
pièce of oratory ever heard in the Rciadzaal, and 
his speech won over several members of his 
side who were previously undecided. At the 
conclusion of the session he weus publicly 
thanked for his efforts in the cause of his con- 

JEPPE, JuLius, Knight of the Danish Order 
of Danebrog, and Knight of the Grecian Royal 
Order of the Saviour, of 32, Shortmarket Street, 
Cape Town, of " Vredenburg," Rosebank, C.T., 
and of the City Club, C.T., is son of the late Dr. 
Jeppe of Rostock. He w€is born September 22, 
1855, at Swellendam, C.C, €tnd was educated 
at the S.A. Coll. He has had a long com- 

mercial career having been connected with 
shipping, produce, and manufacturing interests 
in S.A. since 1880 — for fourteen years in the 
Transv£kal, and now in Cape Town. His officiai 
positions are Consul for Denmark €tnd Consul for 
Greece. Récréations : shooting and riding. He 
married. Sept. 24, 1884, Jiilia, eldest dau. 
of the late Capt. Richard Ellis, shipowner, o€ 

JOËL, J. B., of 34, Grosvenor Square, London, 
and of Northaw House, Potter's Bar, is son of the 
late Joël Joël, eind a member of the fînn of 
Bamato Bros., whom he represents in JohcuuieB- 
burg sa a Permanent Director of the Bamato 
Consolidated Mines. He is also on the Board of 
the Johannesburg Consolidated Investment 
Co. Mr. " Jack ** Joël is a fairly suocesoCul 
owner of racehorses, and is axL accomplished 
driver four-in-hfiuid. He married, in 1904, Olive 
Coulson, dau. of the late Thos. Sopwith, of 83, 
Cadogan Gardons, London. 

JOËL, SoLOMON Babnato, of Johannesburg, 
and of 10 and 11, Austin Friars, London, E.C., 
is son of the late Joël Joël, and a nephew of the 
late B. I. Bamato, and younger brother of Woolf 
Joël, who was foully murdered in Johannesburg 
some years ago, He is now one of the ohief 
members of the firm of Bamato Bros., and as 
such largely assists in the oontrol of enormous 
interests in mining and industrial companies in 
S.A. He is a Director of De Beers Con- 
sohdated Mines, and is on the Johannesburg 
Board of the New Jagersfontein Mining Co. He 
is Chairman of the Joheuinesburg Board of the 
Ginsberg, Glencairn, Johannesburg Consolidated 
Investment Co., Johannesburg Waterworks, 
New Croesus, New Primrose, New Spes Bona 
and Pléiades Companies ; is Permanent Director 
of the Bamato Consohdated Mines, and is also a 
Director in Johannesburg of the Balmoral, 
BuSelsdoom "A," Buffelsdoom Estate, Chimes, 
Ferreira Deep, Johannesburg Estate, Langlaagte 
Roy£j,Lydenburg Gold Farms, May Consohdated , 
New Heidelburg-Roodepoort, New Rietfontein, 
New Unified Main Reef , Nigel Deep, Rietfontein 
** A,*' Roodepoort, Transvaal Consolidated Coal 
Mines, and the Witwatersrand G. M. Co. Mr. 
" Solly '* Joël is the owner of the Maiden Erlegh 
estate; he races considerably in Johannesburg 
cmd in England, emd is particulsirly partial to the 

JOHNSON, El-Lewa Edwabd Abmstbono, 
Pashs, 2nd Class Medjidieh ; of Cairo ; of Lilly 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

Hall, Ledbury, Herefordshire, and of the Junior 
United Service auid Turf (Cairo) Clubs, was born 
in Dublin, Aug. 15, 1846. He is son of the 
Yen. Eveuis Johnson, Archdeacon of Fems, euid 
Mary, dau. of Willicun Henry Heaton Armstrong, 
of Mount Heaton, and of Fcimey Castle, Ireland. 
He waâ educated at Cheltenham Coll., where 
he was in the Cricket XI. in 1864-5. He passed 
for Woolwich in June of that year, ajid joined 
the R.A. in January, 1868 ; went to India with 
the 9th Brig£Mie in 1869, and held charge of the 
Quetta Arsenal during the second Afghan Cam- 
paign and seige of Elandahar. He was several 
times thankedfor services by resolutions of the 
Bombay Govt. ; was mentioned in de- 
spatches, and his services were a second time 
brought to the notice of the Govt. of India by 
the Bombay Govt. He had charge of the 
Grand Arsenal, Bombay, from the close of the 
war, till invalided in 1882 (Afghan medal 
1879-82). He acted temporarily €is R.M. in 
Ireland, but resigned that appointaient to join 
the StafE of Gen. Val. Baker in Egypt in 1883. 
He served as Deputy Inspector-Gen. of 
Gendarmerie and Police for severeJ years there ; 
was made Lewa (Maj.-Gen.) by KhedivieJ 
decree in June, 1885. On the reorganisation of 
the Ministry of the Interior he joined the Ministry 
of Justice as Ohief Inspecter of Native Tribunals, 
but gave up that position in 1902 to undertake 
the establishment of model workshops, which 
were intended to serve as Technical Schools for 
Egyptien ctrtisans on a S3^tem suggested by 

About the year 1895, Johnson Pasha com- 
menced to dévote a portion of his spare time to 
the revival of the atncient ceramic industries of 
Egypt, which hcbd been almost abandoned, with 
such success that several potteries are now 
doing a fairly profitable trade in glazed pottery, 
and the industry shows promise of extensive 
development. llie development of the mining 
industry which has recently taken place in 
Egypt is also largely due to Johnson Pasha*s 
initiative. Between 1889-95 he spent most of 
his holidays in visiting the ancient mining 
centres in the Eaatem Désert, which he found 
to be muoh more numerous than Imd been 

As Capt. Johnson, he was secy. of the 
Mhow Tent Club from 1873-76, and won the 
sportsman's oontest at the Mhow Rifle Meeting 
in 1875. He published (1887) a translation of 
the Gulshan-i-Rckz in bleuik verse with some of 
the Rubaiyat of Omar Khayycun. A second 
publication (1893) oonteôns the Gulshan-i-Rckz, 

the introduction to the Diwan of Be-Dil, i 
considérable number of the Rubiayat 
previously trcmslated. Johnson Pasha mar 
Feb. 25, 1871, Mary Hoboyd, dau. of 
late Maj. J. E. Knox-Grogan, formerly of 
68th Regt. 

JOHNSON, Major Frank, of Finsbury Pa\ner 
ment House, London, E.C., and Erin Hotue» 
Clapham Park, S.W., was born in Norfolk In 
1866 ; was educated at King's Lynn Gram.. 
Sch. ; went out to S.A. in 1882, and for 
two years was a member of the Cape Civil 
Service. In 1884 he joined the 2nd Mounted 
Rifles imder Colonel (now Gen.) Sir Frederick 
Carrington, cuid took part in the Warren Ex* 
pedition to Bechuemalajid, at the close of which 
he joined the Bechuanaland Border Police, in 
which corps he met his future partners, Maurice 
Heany «uid H. J. Borrow. Drawn north by the 
reports of wealth in the interior, he left the 
B.B.P. early in 1886, and at Cape Town formed 
a small syndicate to obtain concessions in the 
Protectorate of Lobengula's country. He was 
successful in getting a big concession in Khama*8 
territory, which led to the foundation of the 
BechuaneJand Exploration Company. He then 
went to Lobengula's kraal, where he was one of 
the first white men who deired to ask the sable 
chief for a minerai concession. In 1889 Mr. 
Rhodes obtained his charter, and in the follow- 
ing year set about the effective occupation of 
Maâhonalajid, making, on somewhat original 
Unes, a contract with Frank Johnson to carry 
out the occupation, in which the latter waa 
aâsisted by two troops of B.S.A. Police, F. C. 
Selous acting as Intelligence Offîcer, and Frank 
Johnson getting the Colonial rank of Major — 
in other words he was pra,ctically, and came to 
be known as, the " Contracter " for Mashona- 
land. The chief commander of the whole ex- 
pédition was Col. Pennefather. After the occu- 
pation of MashoneJand he settled down in part- 
nership with He€uiy and Borrow, and a»cquired 
a number of mining and landed interests, which 
Tiltimately were merged into the United Rho- 
desia, Ltd. Capt. Borrow was killed at 
Shangani in the first Matabele War, euid Major 
Heany afterwards associated himself with the 
Partridge & Jarvis group. From 1890 Maj. 
Johnson made his headquarters at Cape Town, 
where he held a commission and took an active 
int«rest in the Cape Volunteer Forces. 

In 1896 he was one of the two Colonial officers 
chosen by the Cape Govt. as members of 
the Commission appointed by Parliament to 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

inquire into the defences and forces of Cape 
Colony, the other members being Impérial offi- 
oers. The scheme of defence fînally recom- 
mended by the Commission was chieây based on 
that of Canada. At the end of 1896, at the out- 
breeJc of native troubles in Bechuanaland, Maj. 
Johnson was appointed Staff Offîcer of the 
Colonial Forces at the headquarters in Cape 
Town, and when cui expédition was finally de- 
spatched to the Langeberg e£trly in the ensuing 
year, under Col. Dalgetty, of the Cape Moiinted 
Biâes, Maj. Johnson was appointed Chief Sta£E 
Offîcer. At the close of the expédition he wa« 
specially thanked by the Cape Govt. for 
lus services. For the next three years he re- 
sided with his family in Salisbury, Bhodesia, as 
Managing Director of the Mashonaland Consoli- 
dated, Limited. In 1900 he retimied to Eng- 
land, and settled down in London as a Rhodesian 
financier and company director. He is now 
Chairman of the Bhodesia Consolidated and the 
Soottish Africfikn Trust, and is on the Boards of 
the French South African Development Co., 
Golden Valley (Mashonaland) Mines, Me^hona- 
land ConsoUdated, and the Bhodesia Cold 
Storage Co. He also took a leading part in the 
formation of the Bhodesian Landowners* Asso- 
ciation. He is a good game shot, an habituai 
motorist, and is married. 

JOHNSTON, George Lawson, of 15, Mans- 
field Street, London, W., and of the Devonshire, 
Bath, Boyal Temple Yaxîht, and Union des 
Yacht Français Clubs ; is the son of the late 
John Lawson Johnston, of Kingswood, Syden- 
ham Hill ; was bom at Edinburgh in 1873, and 
was educated in Canada and at Dulwich Collège, 
England. He has travelled extensively in 
Europe, North and South America and North 
fiuid South Africa. Conunercially his career 
has been most successful, amongst the great 
enterprises with which he is connected being 
Bovril, Ltd. He is now the Vice-Chairman of this 
well-known Co. ; he is also a Director of the 
** Daily Express " newspaper ; and a Director 
of Henderson's Transvaal Estâtes, Ltd. He is 
identifîed with many philanthropie works, and 
is on the Executive Commit tees of King Edward' s 
Hospital Fund and the Boyal Normal Collège 
for the Blind. Having seen so much of the 
British Empire in différent parts of the world, 
it is not surprising to fînd that he is an active 
member of the Council of the British Empire 
League, with the objects and usefulness of whose 
work he is profoundly impressed. An enthu- 
Biastic yachtsman, he is also fond of shooting and 

riding, and is a supporter of ail forms of healthy 
sport. He married, Dec. 4, 1902, Laura, fifth 
dau. of the 16th Lord St. John. 

JOHNSTON, Sm Henby Hamtt.ton, G.C.M.G. 
(1901), K.C.B. (1896), of 27, Chester Terrace, 
Begent's Park, and of the Travellers' Club, 
is the son of John Brooks Johnston and Esther 
Letitia Hamilton, and was bom in London 
June 12, 1858. He was educated at King*s 
Coll., London, and studied at the Boyal Academy 
of Arts, Burlington House. He graduated 
D.Sc. Camb. ; is a Gold Medallist of the Boyal 
Scottish Geographical Soc, Grold MedckUist of the 
Zoological Soc, and MedalUst of the S. Ken- 
sington Sch. of Art. 

A maji of infinité variety, of high mental 
attainments, an fartist, naturalist, musician, 
student of human nature, and an Administrator, 
Sir Henry has had a career of great distinction, 
and may fairly be numbered amongst the band 
of empire builders who hâve done so muoh to 
make the présent âge illustrions. In 1880 cuid 
the two foÛowing years he explored Tunis, West 
Africa, and East AMca adding very considerably 
to our store of knowledge of thèse countries. He 
waâ in command of a scientifio expédition sent 
out by the Boyal Society to Mount Elilimanjaro 
in 1884. In 1885 he entered H.M. Consuleu: 
service as Vice-Consul for the Oil Bivers and the 
Cameroons ; Acting-Consul for the High Coast 
Protectorate, 1887 ; and in 1889 was appointed 
Consul for Portuguese East Africa. Later in 
that year (1889) he led an expédition to Lakes 
Nyassa and Tanganyika. In 1891 he was trans- 
ferred as H.M. Commissîoner Cj€uid Consul-Gen. 
for British Central Africa, and received gênerai 
récognition for the energy, tact, and sldll with 
which he carried out the délicate and difficult 
mission with which he was entrusted. At the 
same time he was appointed Impérial Commis- 
sioner for Nyassaland ajid Administrator of 
the British S.A. Co.'s territory north of the 
Zambesi. Under his able ctdministration great 
progress was made, raising Indian police, con- 
structing roads, establishing postal services, in- 
augurating schemes for the development of 
the resources of the country, and incidentally 
checking the slave trade which at that time was 
still engaged in about Lake Nyctôsa. In 1897 he 
took up the appointment of Consul-Gen. for 
Tunis, where he remained until 1899, in which 
year he received the appointment of Spécial 
Commissioner, Consul-Gen., axid Commander- 
in-Chief for the Uganda Protectorate, where he 
served with distinction until 1902. He is a 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

Director o£ the British C.A. Co. and was Près, 
for 1903 of the African Society. He con- 
tested the constituency of Bochester at a by- 
electi^n in Sept. 1903 in the Libéral interest, and 
was defeated by Mr. Charles Tuff by 621 votes. 
This choice of party by one whose record has 
been 30 far removed from Little Englandism 
waa received with keen dîsappointment by the 
majority of his Imperialist friends, but Sir H€urry 
justified his action on the grounds of the necessity 
for Fret Trade ajid the callousness of the Con- 
servative Govt. in foreign €kffairs, and more 
especially in what he describes as the physical 
well-being and éducation of Englishmen. 

Sir Hfurry is a fellow of many leamed Socie- 
ties. Be has exhibited pictures at the Royal 
Acaudemy and other galleries, whilst his sketches 
hâve given an additional value to many of his 
books. He has written Essays on the Tunisian 
Question (1880-1); on the Congo River, 1884; 
on Kilimanjaro, 1885 ; History of a Slave, 1889 ; 
Life of Livingstone, 1891 ; British Central Africa, 
1897 ; A History of the Colonisation of Africa 
by Alien Races, 1899 ; The Uganda Protectorate, 
1902 ; and also a number of Blue-books and 
Reports on Central Africa, which may be said to 
hâve introduced a style of writing up to his time 
quite foreign to the prosaic writings of his prede- 

He married, Oct. 15, 1896, the Hon. Winifred 
Irby, dau. of the 6th Lord Boston, and step-dau. 
of Sir Percy Andersen, K.C.B., late Assist. 
Under-Secy.» for Foreign Aftairs. 

JONES, SiB Alfred Lewis, K.C.M.G., J.P., 
of Oaklands Aigburth, Liverpool ; of Pendy- 
ffryn, Llanddiilas, Abergele, North WeJes ; and 
of the Constitutional (London), Palatine (Liver- 
pool) and the Liverpool Ciubs, was born at Car- 
marthen in 1845. He came to Liverpool when 
very yoxing, and received a sound commercial 
éducation at the Liverpool Coll. Young 
men entering on a business career in those 
days had to begin at an early âge, and Alfred 
Lewis Jones started at the bottom rung of the 
ladder in a shipowning and ship-broking firm in 
the great city on the Mersey, and slowly but 
surely mounted up to the top of his profession. 
Comparatively early, however, in his mercantile 
career he joined the famous firm of Elder Demp- 
ster & Co., a shipowning concern engaged in 
the trade between Liverpool and West Africa, 
and the intimate grasp he possessed of every 
branch of the shipping business made him so 
invaluable that he soon became part of the firm. 
From that moment his life has been one long 

séries of trading triumphs, and when the mi 
tude and variety of opérations in which he 
been engaged are taken into account, thert 
scarcely reason for wonder that Sir Alfre<* 
looked upon as perhaps the most succès 
living shipowner in the world. When he joix 
the Elder Dempster firm, the West African tri 
was exceedingîy small, and he very soon j 
ceived that one of the chief reasons for this vrw* 
the neglect by the Home Govt. of our pos- 
sessions in this part of the world. Whilst push<» 
ing and developing his own business with th© 
greatest pluok by building more modem steamers 
of larger cargo-carrying capacity «uid with vastly 
botter p£tssenger £bCcommodation, he also set 
himself the task of sedulously organizing th© 
traders, and at the same time ciiltivating friendly 
relations with the Colonial authorities, both at 
Whitehall and in our dependencies. The resuit 
of this is seen in the admittedly enormous im- 
provement which has taken place in récent years 
in every détail of the «wiministration of the West 
African Colonies, perhaps the greatest of thèse 
changes, and indeed one which has given rise to 
ail the rest being the sélection of the Grovernors 
from an eJtogether more suitable class of officiais, 
gentlemen who are at once practical, energetic 
and firm, €«id who fuUy recognize the impor- 
tance of removing ail needless obstructions to 
the CÉurying on of trading opérations. To 
enumerate afl the reforms which Sir Alfred Jones 
has almost personally been instrumental in 
bringing about in our West African possessions, 
would be to merely write a history of the modem 
progress of that part of the Empire. The word 
" personally '* is used hère advisedly, for though 
he is always ably assisted by the Liverpool 
Chamber of Commerce, of which he has been for 
some years the esteemed Président, yet the 
infinité tact he has displayed in entertaining the 
varions officiais when they paid visits to this 
country, and in approaching from the social side 
ail who h£id the power of helping West Africa, 
is undoubtedly the chief reason for the adoption 
of almost every one of the suggestions put for- 
ward by traders. It is indeed to Sir Alfred 
Jones that the great Colony of Nigeria owes its 
formation, for it is mainly his agitation which 
rang the death knell of the Royal Niger Co. 
as an administrative corporation ; it is cer- 
tainly a f act that there would not hâve been 
a single mile of railway, either at Lagos, Sierra 
Leone, or the Gold Coast, but for his advooacy 
and diplomatie skill, and it is an undoubted 
verity that every nook and corner in British 
West Africa bears testimony in some form or 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

other to the untiring energy and indomitable 
resolution of the man who has been rather aptly 
styled "the Napoléon of West Africa," The 
wonderful suocess of the mosquito theory in the 
fight against the curse of West Africa, mcJaria, 
is mainly due to Sir Alfred's générons and deter- 
mined espousal of the cause, even from the time 
when, as is the case with nearly ail great dis- 
coveries, it is laughed at, and whether in lavishly 
helping forward this magnificent discovery by 
forming and endowing the Liverpool School of 
Tropical Medicine, in establishing educational 
institutes where young West Africans could 
corne over and finish their éducation in this 
country,in providing free passages on his steamers 
to ail and sundry who either wished to go out to 
the colonies or to come from thence to England, 
for the promotion of any scheme likely to for- 
ward the interests of our possessions or its inhabi- 
tants, or in arranging conférences between 
British traders and the varions Govemors, so 
that the a<lministration of the country should 
be conducted with the least possible friction, it 
may be literally asserted that Sir Alfred Jones 
has never rested in his efîorts to make West 
Africa the huge success it now is, both com- 
mercîally and politically. 

On the way to West Africa Ue the Canary 
Islands, and Sir Alfred soon saw the possibilities 
of the development of Las Palmas as a coaling 
station, as well as a valuable dépôt for collecting 
bananas from the varions islands, and filling up 
his vessels with the fruit which has now become 
«o popular in this country. As a coahng station 
Las Palmas is an unqualified success financially 
ajOid in every other way, and so great is the de- 
mand for bananas now in England, that the 
Canaries cannot produce nearly enough to meet 
our needs. Just as in West Africa, everywhere 
one goes in the Canary Islands bears évidence of 
the push and energy of the subject of the présent 
sketch, for he has made the place a mère winter 
annexe of this country by building hôtels, grant- 
ing spécial cheap fares for tourists, and in every 
way promoting the interests of the islands. 

Some years ago an opportunity occurred for 
Sir Alfred to acquire the business of the well- 
known Beaver Line, a passenger and cargo steam- 
ship service, riuining between Liverpool and 
Canada, and into the conduct of this venture he 
threw the same energy and skill that had stood 
him in so much stead in the West Airican trade. 
The possibilities of the Dominion in the way of 
providing food for the Mother-country were at 
once perceived, and he is the first of our ship- 
owners to fully grasp the tremendous économies 

in working which must resuit in such a tradd by 
the use of the modem mcufnmoth sized veisels» 
which carry about five or six times as mu^h as 
did the cargo boats of only a décade ago. It 
is only the other day that this business, then 
in the high tide of its prosperity, was sold 
to the Canadi6ui Pacific Bailway Co. by Sir 
Alfred for a sum which has been several times 
publicly stated at one and a half millions sterling. 
The impetus which is given to the trade of the 
Dominion and to the shipping business ingenered 
by the establishment of this line cannot >e over- 
estimated, for it is shown that with moderato 
freights and a good service, the possibilities of 
the expansion of commerce between Canida and 
Great Britain were far in excess of e^ previous 

During the Boer War thèse gigantie veesels 
proved of the greatest service to the State 
in conveying troops, horses and mules to 
S.A. ports from aU parts of the world, and 
the ieuct that his own services were thetehy 
largely disorganized in no way stood in the way 
of the head of the Elder Dempster Line patrioti- 
cally rendering ail possible assistance to the 
British Govt. 

It is natural that to such a man Mr. Cham- 
berlain would tum in invoking the cdd of an 
enterprising shipowner (of whom he is a strong 
Personal friend) to help the West Indies out of 
the dire stress into which it had been thiown by 
sugar bounties and the neglect of the develop- 
ment of its splendid resources, and though Sir 
Alfred has always protested that he got the 
worst of the bargain with the Colonial Secretary, 
the resuit of the establishment of the direct West 
India mail service, with its magniôcent fast 
passenger steamers and its obligation to bring 
home from Jamaica enormous quantities of 
bananas weekly, has been an unqu£jified good 
for the Island and has given a fillip to the trade 
and commerce of the place which, but for the 
récent unfortunate cyclone, would undoubtedly 
hâve soon made of it one of the most prospérons 
of our colonies. The disaster of a short time 
ago must hâve hit Sir Alfred very hard, for with 
his usual enterprise he had opened up hôtels 6uid 
promoted ail sorts of businesses likely to be 
helpful to the place, and it is to be hoped that 
the Government in coming to the assistance of 
the Colony will take into account the material 
service rendered to Jcunaica by the great Liver- 
pool shipowner. The development of the 
banana trade since the line was established has 
been prodigious, and the fa^ît that he is chiefiy 
responsible for the initiation and the présent 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

position of this treiffîOywhich has made the banana 
the f ood and fruit of the pauper as well as of the 
peer of this country, is one of the achievements 
on whioh Sir Alfred may be most sincerely 

As a publie man Sir Alfred Jones has over 
and over again been asked to stand for Farlia- 
ment, but he knows full well that he C£kn be of 
greater assistance to the Commonwealth out- 
side St. Stephen's and has wisely refused many 
of the safest seats, but as Président of the Liver- 
pool Chamber of Commerce he has inûnite oppor- 
tunities for serving his country, and no appeal 
to his purse or his time in this direction is ever 
met with a refusai. Besides this he is Chairman 
of the Liverpool Steam Shipowners' Association, 
is Consul in Liverpool for the Congo Free State, 
and is Près, of the Liverpool School for the Study 
of Tropical Dise€ises. To find time for ail the 
public work involved in thèse by no mesuis 

sinecurial " positions, and to be Chairm6ui of 
the Elder Dempster Shipping Co., Ltd., the 
British & African Steam Navigation Co., Ltd., 
the Lnperial Direct West India Medl Service Co., 
Ltd., the Bank of British West Africa, and of 
Elders & Fyffes, Ltd. (the great Canada firm) 
would seem a superhuman task, but Sir Alfred 
gets through it ail with the utmost coolness, and is 
withal perhaps the most courteous and approach- 
able man in England. Quite recently he served 
on the Committee appointed by the AdmircJty 
to inquire into the question of our Naval 
Réserves, ajid in récognition of his great services 
to West Africa and Jameûca he was decorated 
in 1901 with his K.C.M.G., whilst Jésus Coll., 
Oxford, has conferred on him the degree of 
Honorary Fellow. 

JONES, John Franz, C.M.G., of 41, Hat- 
field Road, St. Albans, and of the New Club, 
was bom July 29, 1861. He joined the staff 
of the British S.A. Co. upon its forma- 
tion. In 1896 he was appointed Asst.-Secy., 
and when Mr. Herbert Canning resigned in 1898, 
he succeeded him as Secy. In adcStion to that 
post he was made Joint-Manager with Mr. 
Wilson Fox in 1902. He also represents the 
large interests of the Chartered Co, on the Boards 
of several Rhodesian undertckkings. Although 
Mr. Jones' knowledge of Rhodesia was exceâ- 
ingly extensive, he had never been to that 
country until, at the latter end of 1902, he 
accompcmied Mr. Beit, Dr. Jameson, and Sir 
Lewis Mitchell on a trip extending right through 
Matabeleland and Mashonaland, where he 
acquired a practical acqucûntance with the 

country' s conditions of the greatest adv6uit£ 
to him in the interests of the Company he so al 
serves. In récognition of his services to t 
Govt. in connection with the S.A. War he w 
made a C.M.G. in Oct. 1902. 

JONES, The Hon Sidney Twbntyman, 
Oiles, Graliamstown, and Ravensworth, Clar 
mont, and of the Civil Service (C.T.) and Po 
EUzabeth Clubs, is the son of Thomas Jone 
of Stanimore, Rondebosch, by Sarah Elizabet 
Head Twentyman, dau. of John Twentymïui, < 
Dwerry House, Lancashire. He was bor 
Jan. 20, 1849, and educated at the Diocesa 
Coll., Rondebosch, and the S. 'A. Coll., Cap 
Town. He took the second class certificat 
of the Cape Board of Examiners, graduated B.A 
in 1868 ; entered Trinity Hall, Camb., in 1868 
ajid was Légal Prizeman and Scholar of his yecir 
graduating LL.B. in 1872, LL.M. in 1876, anc 
LL.D. in 1890. He was called to the Bar at th< 
Middle Temple in 1873, and joined the Suprême 
Court Bar as an Advocate in 1874. In 1878 he 
entered the Cape Town CavaJry as Sec. Lient, 
and later the D.E.O.V.R. Subséquent to 1881 
he was frequently one of the Law Examinera 
at the Cape Univ. In 1882 he was raised to the 
Bench of the Suprême Court and assigned e^ 
Senior Puisne Judge to the High Court of Griqua- 
land, where he frequently acted as Judge-Presi- 
dent. In 1887 he was assigned to the Court of 
the Eastem Districts, and occasionally acted as 
Judge-President, which office he has held sinoe 
the retirement in 1901 of Sir Jacob D. Barry. In 
1891, during the absence of the Chief Justice from 
the Colony, he occupied the position of Senior 
Puisne Judge in the Suprême Court while Sir 
John Buchcinan was Acting Chief Justice. At 
Kimberley he was Président of the Agricultural 
Soc, Chairmaji of the Public Schools, and Prési- 
dent of the Boating Club, which, it is interesting 
to state, rowed their weekly excursion near the 
scène of the great Modder fight. At Grahams- 
town for some time he was Chairman of the 
Public Schools, of the Public Library, and 
Président of the Eafitem Province Literary and 
Scientific Soc. He has had the honour of beinff 
the founder of the leading colonicJ footbau 
club (which now holds the championship cup) — 
the Villagers F.C. His récréations are driving» 
riding, rowing, fishing. He married Florence, 
dau. of Henry M. Arderne, of the Hill, Claremont, 
in 1878. 

JONES, The Most Rev. Whjjam Wbst» 
Archbishop of Cape Town and Metropolitan 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

of the Church of S.A., of Bishop's Court, Clare- 
mont, ce, and of the Royal Colonial Institute, 
is the son of E. H. Jones. Was bom at South 
Hackney, May 11, 1838, cuid was educated at the 
Merchant Taylors' Sch. and St. John's Coll., 
Oxon. He graduated B.A. 1860, M.A. 1864, 
B.D. 1870, and received theHon. Degreeof D.D. 
1874. Hewas Fellow of St. John's Coll., Oxon., 
1859; Hon. FeUow, 1895; from 1861 to 1864 he 
was Curate of St. Matthew's, City Boad, London ; 
Vicar of Sumerstown, Oxon., 1864-74 ; Oxford 
Preacher at WhitehaJl Chapel, 1870-72 ; Rural 
Dean of Oxon. 1871-4 ; was consecrated in West- 
minster Abbey, Bishop of Cape Town and Metro- 
poUtan, 1874 ; Archbishop of Cape Town, 1897. 
He m€UTied Emily, dau. of John Allen, of 
Altrincham, Cheshire, in 1879. 

JORDISON, Fbank Lloyd, of Bulawayo, 
and of the Bulawayo and Gwelo Clubs, is the son 
of Dr. Robert Jordison, of Homchurch, Essex. 
He was bom July 28, 1866, at Homchurch, and 
was educated at the Albert Memori8d Cottage, 
Framlingham, SufEolk. He left England for 
S.A. in Dec. 1888, and proceeded to Johannes- 
burg, and from there to Bulawayo in 1894. 
He is one of the pioneers of Rhodesia ; served 
as Lieut. in the '96 RebelUon, and raised the 
Gwelo Troop of the Southern Rhodesia Volun- 
teers, of which he became Capt., resigning his 
conmiission in July 1903 (medal). Récréations : 
shooting and ail londs of sports. 

JORRISEN, Dr., acted as Justice of the 
High Court of the S.A.R. during the Kriiger 
régime. He was so violently opposed to the 
Reform raovement that he honestly recog- 
nised the impossibility of maintsûning an 
impartial attitude, and therefore refused to 
préside over the Court at the trial of the 

JOUBERT, Christiaan, was Minister of 
Mines for the Transvaal under the Govt. of the 
S.A.R., and was one of the members of 
the Industrial Commission appointed by the 
Transvaal Govt. 

Swom évidence was adduced that the attempt 
to " jump " the Ferreira claims had been sug- 
gested by Mr. Joubert himself. 

JURISCH, Carl Heinrich Leopold Max, 
Surveyor-Gen. of C.C, of Cape Town, is of German 
parentage and was born at Jammi, West Prussia. 
Educated at Orandeny and Berlin. He entered 
the Grerman Army in 1860, was promoted Capt. 

in the Royal Artillery in 1871. In the interval 
he fought in the wars of Prussia against Denmark 
(1864), against Austria (1866), and agcûnst 
France (1870-1). For his distinguished services 
he received the décoration of the Iron Cross on 
the battleôeld of Sedan. In 1872 he went to 
S.A., and obtained (July 1878) the appointment 
of Col. Grovt. Land Surveyor ; was appointed 
Acting Examiner of Diagrams, AprU 1879 ; 
Examiner of Diagrams, July 1882 ; University 
Exeiminer in Science, 1891 ; Second Asst. 
Surveyor-Gen., July 1892 ; First Asst., July 
1897 ; and Surveyor-Gen., Aug. 10, 1902. He 
received the themks of Lord Eitchener for assist- 
ance rendered in compiling maps during tha 
S.A. War of 1899-1902. He married. Sept. 2, 
1872, the Countess Marie Antoinette de Marillac» 

JUST, Hartmann Wolpgang, C.B., C.M.G., 
son of the late Heinrich Just, of Bristol, was 
born in 1854. He was e4ucci4ied at Bristol 
Gram. Sch., and Corpus CSiristi Coll., Oxon. 
He was Private Secy. at the Colonial Ofïice 
to the late Earl of D«rby, to Earl Stcmley (then 
Col. F. A. Stanley), to the late M. E. Stanhope, 
to Sir Henry Holland (now Lord Knutsford), 
to Sir Greo. Osbome-Morgan and the Marquis of 
Ripon. He subsequently became principal 
clerk in the Colonial Office, cmd head of the 
S.A; Dept. In 1902 he accompsmied Mr. 
Chamberlain on hia African tour. He married, 
in 1879, Katherine Francis, dau. of Samuel 

JUTA, Hon. Sir Henry Hubert, M.L.A. for 
Port EHzabeth ; K.C., of Cape Town, was bom 
at Cape Town in 1858. He was educated in 
Cape Colony and in England ; was admitted an 
advocate of the Suprême Court of Cape Colony 
in 1880, cmd devoted himself mainly to law 
reporting and Chamber practice. He was cdso 
formerly Law Examiner at the Cape Univer- 
sity. He was Judge of the High Court of 
Griqu£Jand West ; was appointed a spécial 
Commissioner in the settlement of the Swazie- 
land diffîculties in 1890 ; beoiune Attomey- 
Gren. on Mr. Schreiner's résignation in 1893, but 
resigned that office in September, 1894. From 
1896 to 1898 he was Speaker of the Cape Parlia- 
ment, €uid he cocJesced with the Progressive 
Party in the endeavour to persuade the Colonial 
Secy. to agrée to the temporary suspension of the 
Cape Constitution towards the end of the S.A. 
War. He was last retumed to the Cape Parlia- 
ment in Feb. 1904, and was offered office in Dr. 
Jameson's Cabinet, which, however, he did net 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

see his way to acoept. Sir Henry is a peurtner 
in the great publishing firm of Juta &. Co., of 
Cape Town, and married a dau. Mr. M. M. Tait. 

KEANE, Henbt Augustus, F.R.G.S., of 
Arâm-Gâh (Abode of Peace), 79, Broadhurst 
Gardons, South Hampstead, N.W., is the son of 
James and Elizabeth Keane, of London. He 
was bom in 1835 at Cork, Ireland, cuid educated 
at his native place, Dublin, Jersey, Rome and 
Hanover. He has devoted his life chieây to 
ethnological, philological and geographical 
studies. His principaJ life work has been the 
préparation of a scheme of ethnology in three 
parts. The first part deals with fundamentcJ 
problems — antiquity, unity, cradle dispersion, 
physical and mentcJ characters of man — 
Cambridge University Press, 1896. Peurt 2, 
with the main division of mankind — Camb. 
Univ. Press, 1900. He is now engaged upon 
P€fft 3, which comprises a Universal Anthropo- 
logic€d A.B.C. with 20,000 entries, of which 
the American section in MS., 5,000 entries is 
completed. His works about Africa include 
" Africa," 2 volumes, Stanford Séries ; " Boer 
States, Law and People" (Methuen); "The 
Goldof Ophir,WhenceBrought" (Stanford). His 
récréations are walking and poetry. He mar- 
ried, May 24, 1874, the dau. of William Hearn 
Jacobs, of Chale Abbey, Isle of Wight, sister of 
the late Very Rev. Henry Jacobs, Dean of 
Christchurch N.Z. 

KEKEWICH, Majob-Gen. Robert Geobge, 
C.B., of Peamore, Exeter ; and of the Naval 
and Military Club, was bom in Devonshire on 
June 17, 1854, and comes of a family which has 
produced many notable men, including Sir 
George €md ]V6r. Justice Kekewich. He was 
educated at King Edward's Sch., Birmingham, 
€md at Marlborough Coll., and joined the Loyal 
North Lancashire Regt. in 1874. Almost 
immediately he found himself in the tented 
ûeld, taking part in the Perak Expédition in 
1875-6 (medcd andclasp) ; theSudan Expédition 
in 1884-5, as D.A.A.G. and D.A.Q.M.G. (Des- 
patches, medal with cl€»p, bronze star, brevet 
of Maj.) ; the Sudan in 1888, when he was 
at SuaJanasBrig.-Maj. and afterwards D.A.A.G. 
of Mounted Troops, and was présent at the 
action of Gamcdzah (despatches and 4th class 
Medjidieh). When the S.A. War (1899-1902) 
broke out Gen. Kekewich oommanded 
Griqualand West and Becdiuanaland, and no 
man worked harder than the hero of Kimberley 
in the defence of that town. Lord Roberts 

was of opinion that the greatest crédit wcks 
to Col. Kekewich for the able dispositions w]i 
he made for the defence of Ejmberley, an 
walled town, spread over a wide area, for 
rapid organization of an auxiliary force whj 
in conjunctîon with the regular troops, enal 
him to keep the enemy in check, and for mjw 
tact, judgment, and resolution which he dit» 
played throughout the siège. 

After the relief of Kimberley Gen. Kekewidb 
was given the command of a mobile column» 
and from Feb. 1902 until the end of the operai- 
tions he had command of a group of mobilo 
columns. He was severely wounded at tho 
action of Moedwill and in récognition of his 
varions distinguished services he was several 
times mentioned in despatches ; received the 
brev. of Col., was afterwards promoted Maj.- 
Grcn., ÉUid decorated with the C.B. and the 
Queen's medal with two clasps and the King's 
medal with two clasps. But among his most 
valued souvenirs of the war is a handsomo 
sword presented to him by the inhabitants of 
Kimberley. The scabbard is emblazoned with 
uncut Kunberley dicunonds, and the GeneraFs 
arms, pictures of the conning tower at Klimberley, 
and the charge of his own regt. — the Loyal 
North Lancashires. General Kekewich retired 
from the Army in 1904. He is not married. 

KENNA, Maj. Pattl Ai.oysiTJs, V.C, D.S.O., 
at présent serving in SomaUland, was bom in 
1862 ; is second son of Jas. Kenna ; was edu- 
cated at Stonyhurst, and entered the 21st 
Lancers. He served in the Sudan in 1898, 
and throughout the late S.A. Campaign, com- 
manding a column from Dec. 1901 to the end 
of the war. From Dec. 1902 he has been in 
command of mounted troops of the Somali 
Field Force with the local rank of Lieut.-Col. 
In addition to the V.C. and D.S.O. he possesses 
the Royal Humane Soc. Certifîcate for saving 
life (June 1895) ; for several years he headed the 
list of gentlemen riders in India, and has 
played in his regimental polo team for 14 years. 
Major Kenna married, in 1895, Lady Cecil 
Bertie, third dau. of the Earl of Abingdon. 

KESSLER, Leopold, of 9, Hanover Sqiiare, 
W., and of the Rand Club, Johannesburg, was 
bom in the minîT^g district of Upper Silesia, is 
the son of a manufacturer and mine owner. He 
was educated at Berlin and the Royed Saxon 
Mining Coll., Freiberg, where he graduated 
as mining engineer. TÏie anti-semitic feeling in 
Germany cauesd him to leave that country. In 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

1890 he accoiupanied as mining engineer an ex- 
pédition throngh Matabeleland, where he re- 
mained until 1892, when he left for the Witwaters- 
rand, a<ïting there as Consulting Engineer for 
several financial houses. With the exception of 
some interv£Js, diiring which he inspected mines 
of other countries, and led an exploring expédi- 
tion through Arabia Petraea, he has resided in 
Johannesburg ever since. He is the author of 
" Valuation Plaiis of the Witwatersrand Gold- 
fields " (Edward Stanford, 1902). 

KESTELL Rev. J. D. Took part in the 
war of 1899-02 as Chaplain to Gen. De Wet. 
He was captured by the British, and was de- 
tained in their camp during the action at Gras- 
pan, when it was alleged by the Continental 
Press that the British placed Boer women in 
front as cover to their troops. Mr. Kestell es- 
caped and attended Mr. Steyn on his wanderings 
from place to place during the late stages of the 
war. He also a<ïted as one of the Secretaries 
at the Peace Conférence at Vereeniging. His 
book " Through Shot and Flame," needless to 
say, contains not even a hint of the Graspan 
incident referred to above. 

KILPIN, Ernest Fuixer, C.M.G. (1901); 
J.P. ; Clerk of the House of Assembly of the 
Cape of Good Hope; of Linford, Kenilworth, 
near Cape Town, and of the Civil Service Club, 
C.T. ; was bom in Reading, May 5, 1854, 
being the only son of the Rev. S. W. Kalpin, 
who died Aug. 6, of the sarae year. He was 
educated at private schools in Weymouth and 
Reading, and entered the Cape Civil Service in 
London in 1874, being shortly placed in charge 
of the West of England and South Wales Dis- 
trict for the purpose of obtaining and forwarding 
to the Cape large numbers of the artizans re- 
quired for the construction of pubhc works. 
In 1876 he went to Cape Town as Private Secy. 
to the late Sir Charles Mills, then Under-Colonial 
Secv., and when Sir Gordon Sprigg first took 
office (Feb. 8, 1878) during the Kafir War, he 
sent for Mr. Kilpin to join him on the frontier 
as his Private Secy. For some months he 
resided in King William's Town, ajid organized 
and carried on there a Colonifid Secy's. Office 
in miniature. During the next two years 
Mr. Kilpin accompanied Sir Gordon Sprigg 
on many tours of inspection through the 
Colony ; attended him during the negotiations 
in Kamberley in regard to the annexation of 
Griqualand West to the Cape, and was with 
him at the great Disarmament Pitso in Basuto- 

land, and at the siège of Morosi's Mountain. 
In 1886 he was appointed Clerk- Assistant of the 
House of Assembly, and was elected Clerk of 
the House in 1897. When Sir Thomas Scanlen 
was Prime Minister in 1883 he obtained Mr. 
Kalpin' s services as Priv. Secy. for a visit to 
Bafiutoland in the effort to secure a satisfeictory 
settlement of that territory, which at that time 
was annexed to the Cape. He has been Secy. 
of the following Cape Govt. Conmiissions : 
Dorthesia, 1877 ; War Expenditure, 1881 ; 
Liesbeek Municipality, 1883 ; Diamond Laws, 
1887 ; Liquor Laws, 1889 ; Lighthouses, 1890 ; 
Fisheries, 1892; Scab, 1893; Defenoe, 1896. 
He was Secy. of the Impérial British and 
German Joint Commission on Angra Pequefia 
and West Coast Claims in 1885, for which in- 
quiry H.M.S. Sylvia was specially detached 
and fitted up, proceeding up the coast as ffior as 
Walfisch Bay. He has been Examiner in Short- 
hand under the Cape Civil Service Commissioners 
since that paper was ârst set in 1889 ; is pro* 
prietor and Editer of the " Cape Civil Service 
List," which he instituted in 1886 ; author of 
the " Parliamentary Agent's McmucJ (Cape) 
1902," and is a J.P. for the whole Colony. 
He married, in 1880, Augusta (Lady of the 
Royal Red Cross, 1902), dau. of G. W. 
Pilkington, of Cape Town. 

KING, Thomas Buke^ham, M.L.A., was re- 
tumed unopposed to the Cape Parliament as 
Progressive Member for Victoria East (C.C.) in 
Nov. 1902, and was re-elected in Feb. 1904. 

KING, William Joseph Habdinq, B.A., 
F.R.G.S., M.R.A.S., of Wollescote Hall, near 
Stourbridge, was bom at Churchill Court, near 
Kidderminster, April 28, 1869. Ho is the 
eldest son of the late Wm. Hartley King and 
Louisa, dau. of Benjamin Harding, of Wad- 
hurst Cafitle, Sussex. He was educated at 
Newton Abbot CoU. and Jésus Coll., Camb., and 
at the Middle Temple. In 1900 he made an 
expédition into the Sahara, publishing in 1903 
aji account of the joumey in a paper to the 
Royal Geographical Society Journal, and after- 
wards in book form under the title of ** A Search 
for the Masked Tawareks." 

KTRK, Sm John, G.C.M.G., K.C.B., of 
Wavertree, Sevenoaks, Kent, and of the 
Athenœum Club, is the son of the Rev. John 
Kirk ; was bom Nov. 1832, at Barry, Forfar- 
shire, and was educated at the Edinbur^ Univ. 
where he graduated LL.D. He is also D.Cl! 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

Oxon., Sc.D. Camb., and M.D. Edin. Sir 
John Kirk served during the Crimean War in 
Asia Minor. He was Chief Offîcer under the 
Foreign Office in Dr. Livingstone's second 
Expédition, and with the great traveller ex- 
plored and mapped the Zambesi from the coast 
to the Victoria Fa.lls, and discovered Lake 
Nya£»a, 1858-1864. He was appointed H.M. 
Vice-Consul at Zanzibar in 1866, and Indicui 
Assist. Political Agent at Zanzibar, 1868, 
Political Agent to the Viceroy of India at 
Zanzibar, 1873; H.M. Consnl-Gen. 1873, and 
H.M. Agent and Consnl-Gen. 1880. He was 
British Plenipotentiary to the Airican Con- 
férence at Brussels, 1889 ; British Delegate at 
Brussels to âx the tariffs under the Brussels 
Act, 1890 ; Member of Commission to revise the 
Slave Trade Instructions, 1891 ; and H.M. 
Commissioner to inquire into disturbances on 
the Niger, 1895. Sir John Kirk is Chairman of 
the Uganda Rfidlway Conmiittee, of which he 
was first appointed a member in 1895. He is 
also aDirector of the Niger Co. He married in 
1867, Helen Cooko, Gold Medallist of the Royal 
Geographical Society. 

KIRK, LiEUT. J. W. C, B.A. (Câmb.), of the 
Junior United Service Club, was bom at Zanzi- 
bar ; is son of Sir John Kirk, K.C.B. (q. v.) ; 
wafi educated at Marlborough Coll. and King's 
Coll., Camb. Entering the Duke of ComwaU's 
L.I. he proceeded to S.A. and served throughout 
the war ; was wounded at Faardeberg (des- 
patches, Queen's medal, four clasps, and Eling's 
medal). Trcuisferring to the 6th Battn. King's 
Airican Riâes he served in the M.I. in SomcJi- 
land (1903). He is the author of a grammar 
of the SomcJi Language. 

KIRKMAN, HoN. Thomas, M.L.C, F.R.M.S., 
of Croftlands, Equeefa, Natal, and of the Micro- 
scopioal Club (Lond.) and the Victoria Club, 
(Maritzburg), is second son of thelateRev. T. P. 
Kirkman, M.A., F.R.S., of The Croft, near 
Warrington, Lancs.,where he was bom Dec. 22, 
1843. He was educated at Rossall Sch., and 
went to Natal with his brother John, in 1868, 
settling on a Oovt. land grant in Alexandra 
County. He was elected to represent his county 
in the Législative Assembly on responsible 
govemment being granted to the Colony in 1893, 
and was retumed to the Législative Council in 
1 898. For f ourteen yeaxa Mr. Kirkman haa served 
in the Volunteer force, seeing active service for 
eight months in the Zulu War, 1 878-79. He takes 

an interest in co£Eee planting and microscop 
studies, and was elected a Fellow of 
Royal Microscopic£j Soc. in 1898. He is 

KITCHTN, Joseph, of Beckenham, Kent, 
was bom at Croydon, Surrey, on Dec. 18, 1870^ 
and is therefore still a young man. Aftar 
leaving school at the early âge of 14} years, ha 
followed the occupations of shorthand writor, 
reporter and joumcJist. Early in Johannes- 
burg's life he became attracted by the progrès» 
of the world's premier goldfileld; he made a 
systematic collection and study of information 
relating to Rand mining, and prepared much 
statistical matter, which was published in seven 
or eight newspapers, one in Johannesburg, 
another in Pcuris, and the rest in London. After 
conunencing the préparation of a work dealing 
with the history and position of S. A. 
COS., he decided, instead of publishing 
a book of his own, to co-operate with Mr. C. S. 
Goldmann in his work on " South Airican 
Mining and Finance," a three-volume work which 
saw the light in Nov. 1895. In September, 
1895, he gave up his scattered joumalistio 
contributions in order to become the Mining 
Editer of the " African Review," a position 
which he resigned in May, 1897, in order to 
enter the service of A. Qoerz & Co., Ltd., 
taking charge of that Company's Litelligence 
Dept. in London. In 1899 he paid a six 
months' visit to Johannesburg in the interest 
of the Company, and before returning to Eng- 
land accomplished some 3500 miles of travelling 
in the sub-Continent, visîting Pretoria, Belfast, 
Barberton, Lourenço Marques, Durban, Cape 
Town and Ejmberley, and gaining a considér- 
able insight into the actual working of the 
mining industry. In Sept. 1899, he was ap- 
pointed a second Meumger of the Company 
in London, and in the spring of 1901 he became 
sole Manager in London. He has now served 
the Goerz Corporation for seven years, at first 
under the lato Mr. Adolf Goerz and lattorly 
under Mr. Henry Strakosch, the two Managing 
Directors who took up résidence in the Metro- 
polis. Since the commencement (on a very 
modest scale) of his business career he has never 
looked back and has consistontly moved for- 
waxd. He is a hard worker, and dabbles a little 
in science. He takes great interest in ail that 
affects the gold mining industry, though being 
of a somewhat retiring nature he does not corne 
much into public view. On January 1, 1892, 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

he married Mcurianne, dau. of John Henry Davy, 
of Hastings. 

KLIMKE, Joseph, Ex-State Mining En- 
gineer of the late S.A.B., a ILnight of the French 
Légion of Honour, Knight of the Prussicm Red 
Eagle, Third Class, Commander of the Portu- 
guese " Nossa Senhora da Conceiçao de Villa 
Viçosa," of which latter order he wears the Star ; 
was bom Oct. 6, 1849 in Upper Silesia, 
Germany, and is the son of a small farmer. 
After tending a two years' course at a collège 
în his native country,he entered at the âge of 
twenty the profession of mining. Left to his 
own resources he did two years* manual work 
as a miner and mechcmic in coal and métal 
mines. At the end of this period he obtained 
two years' instruction at a mining school, 
and therefore he received three more years* 
trstining in engineering and mine surveying 
offices. After being admitted as Gîovt. 
Mine Surveyor, he practised a short time and 
then took up an appointment as captain of a 
zinc and lead ore mine. In 1880 he was ap- 
pointed manager of a gold mining company 
in Guayana, Venezuela. On arriving in S. 
America he vigorously devoted himself to 
attadning a knowledge of the Spanish language 
and the local conditions of the country. Shortly 
after his arrivai he removed to the adjoining 
El Callao gold field. He acquired from the 
Univ. of Caracas the diploma of Civil Engineer, 
and was subsequently instructed to draw up the 
working plans for the once famous El Callao 
a,nd other adjacent mines. In 1887 he re- 
tumed to Europe, but after a very brief stay he 
went on a tour of inspection to the Transva^l, 
arriving there in Feb., 1889, about the close 
of the first boom. Anticipating a great future 
for the Rand he settled at Johannesburg as 
Consulting Engineer, and was appointed in 
Sept. 1891 by the Govt. as State Mining 
Engineer. At that time the position did not 
carry much power or responsibility, but seeing 
that with the rapid development of the mines 
the number of accidents increased at such a 
serions rate he undertook to draw up the ne- 
cess£u:y rules and régulations for the Govt's 
supervision of aU mining opérations, 
and over ail boilers and m£bchinery, and to 
establish a proper technical mining départ- 
ment. Hitherto, the Mining Dept. had 
confined itself to the carrying ont of the pro- 
visions of the Grold Law, consisting chiefly in the 
disposai of minerai lands and water rights, «md 
receiving the taxes from the proclaimed gold 

fields. The oonâicting interests, however, of the 
varions pcurties of the mining publie, and the 
opposition of the Govt. itself ctnd the Volksraad 
to every new measure from which no direct 
pecuniary retums were derived, mcMle it a 
diffîcult t€t8k to obtcûn the object in view. 
After several yecirs of ceaseless effort, however, 
he succeeded in obtaining the Volksraad' s 
sanction to the Mining Régulations and the 
Boiler Law in their latest forms. Sinœ those 
two biUs came in force the use of the metric 
System in plctce of the old measures and weights 
was legaUzed as f af as his department was oon- 
cemed. At the beginning of the war he was on 
leave of absence in Europe when e^ the mines 
stopped working. Some of thèse were imxne- 
diately restarted by officiais of his depcuianent. 
When in the early days of Feb. 1900 ru- 
meurs reaxîhed Europe expressing fear that the 
mines might be blown up by the Boers he re- 
tumed inunediately to the Transvaal, and it is 
stated that he arrived just at the time when 
with the consent of the Grovt. and by the 
order of his représentative bore-holes made 
in some of the working shafts to prépare for 
their eventual destruction. Being convinced 
that wanton destruction of this chareicter was 
very ill advised he inunediately had thèse holes 
filled up. In the meantime as much gold as 
possible had been extreicted. The Govt, 
however had fedled to pay a portion of the work- 
ing cost, while indebtedness to €ui enormous 
extent had been incurred for supplies with 
varions commercial houses of Johannesburg. 
He vigorously pressed the Govt, for an 
immédiate settlement of thèse a^scounts, and 
took measures to put the produced gold under 
proper control. AlS a resuit of this he was sus- 
pended from service, but permitted to retum 
to Europe. Since that time he has been living 
in Grermany and in London, but as an ex-burgher 
of the late repubUc it is iniderstood that he 
intends to settle later on at Johemnesburg. At 
the end of 1903 he was summoned to Turkey» 
on professional business, in connection with the 
Govt. of that country. 

KOCK, Antonte François, is the son of the 
late Gren. J. H. M. Koek, emd grandson of 
Com. J. H. L. Kock. His grcuidfather, who 
was one of the Boer Pioneers (Voortrekkers), 
fought against the English under Warren at 
Boomplaats. His father, Gen. Kock, acted 
before the annexation of the Transvaal to the 
British in 1877 as Member of the Volksraad, 
and in the war of 1880-81 he acted as Vecht- 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

Gen. over the District of Potohefstroom. 
Advooate Kook was bom at Bronkhurstfontein 
District, Fotchefstroom, Sept. 20» 1869. He was 
educated at Potchefstroom and Pretoria. In 
1885 he took the Kepubliccui Scholarship at 
Pretoria, and was sent to the Netherleuids, where 
he attended the Gjnnnasiam at Doetinchem. 
As the scholarship was subject to certain re- 
strictions his father renounced it, giving his 
son a iree hand. In 1891 he went to Scotland, 
and during his stay there he revived the S.A. 
Union at Edinburgh. At that time he was 
endeavouring to establish a Union of ail South 
Airicans in Europe. Aiter remaining seven 
months in Edinburgh he went to London, where, 
in 1892, he was admitted as a student of the 
Middle Temple. He was called to the English 
Bar, and edier a short visit to Paris he went to 
Delagoa Bay in June 1895, and attended the 
inauguration of the Delagoa Bay Railway as 
Member of the Festivities Coniniittee. He was 
admitted e^s Advooate, after aji examination 
in the "LocaX Laws of the Transvaal, to the Pigh 
Court of the S.A.R. On June 8, 1897, he was 
appointed a Puisne Judge of the S.A.R. Among 
other weU known cases he def ended Col. Ferreira, 
who was tried for having " maliciously, wrong- 
fully and illegally pegged ofE the property " 
of J. B. Robinson at Randfontein. He secured 
the acquittai of the colonel. He made himself 
noterions at the trial of Constable Jones (over- 
which he presided) for the murder of the Eng- 
lishman Edgar, by declaring when he discharged 
the prisoners with a verdict of not guilty " that 
he hoped that the police under difficult cir- 
cumstances would always know how to do 
their duty." In the troublons poUtical times 
before the war he showed himself an uncom- 
promising opponent of the British. 

At the meeting of burghers at Paardekraal, 
Krugersdrorp, to discuss the coming war, he 
addressed the burghers urging them to main- 
tain their rights as an independent Republic 
agcdnst Great Britain. At the outbreak of 
the war he accompanied his father, who was 
appointed Assist. Comdt. Gen., and was présent 
at Elandslaagte, and with him when he 
was mortally wounded. A few months later 
he joined Assist. Comdt. Lucas Meyer. After 
being with the Boers before Ladysmith 
for some time he went with Gen. Meyer to 
Colenso, and during the battle of Spion Kop 
he was in command at Colenso, reinforcing 
the Spion Kop position with about 1,500 
burghers, and at the scune time kept the 
Britifi^ at bay at Colenso and the lower peurt 

of the Tugela River. After remaining thi 
months he left Colenso on leave for Pretori 
and was in that city during the retreat of tl 
burgher forces from Colenso and Ladysmit 
He there arranged, in conjunction, it is sai 
with State Secy. Reitz, to destroy the mines ai 
meet the British on their ruins. He was pr 
vented from doing this, and was arrested b 
Dr. Krause on June 2, who in making tb 
ajrest asserted that he £M3ted under instru< 
tions of Commdt; Gen. Louis Botha. Afte 
being confined in a fort he was taken unde 
armed escort to Pretoria, and was lodged in > 
room on the racecourse amongst about 5,00l 
English prisoners of war. He was releasec 
after neurowly falling into the hands of Lorc 
Roberts, and went to join the forces rounc 
Pretoria, where he was sÛghtly wounded in the 
leg. Retreating with the burghers he arrived 
at Machadodorp, where as Président of Courts- 
Martial he tried the Cooper case, at Mcichado- 
dorp, where the prisoner was sentenced to be 
shot for having blown up a railway bridge with 
dynamite on the Delagoa Une, causing the 
death of a night-watch ; and the case of Pienaar, 
a Boer Comdt., who was sentenced to six 
months' imprisonment with hard labour at 
Nelspruit, for attempted fraud on the Trans- 
vaal Govt. Proceeding to Delagoa Bay, 
after an attempt upon his life, he was arrested 
by the Portuguese authorities, lodged in a 
fort for three days, and then requested to leave 
the bay for Europe. He went to Paris and met 
Près. Kriiger. He then visited the Boer prison- 
ers of war at Portugal, and subsequently made 
several attempts to get back to the scène of war 
in S. A. and finally succeeded. He was, 
however, captured by the British and locked 
up for ten weeks, when he was tried as a rebel 
spy. He was found guilty and sentenced to be 
shot, but a^quitted on a légal point rcûsed by 
him and upheld by the State Attomey at Pre- 
toria. He was thereupon banished for life, 
but succeeding in escaping and making his way 
up country as far as Estcourt. He then went 
to Pretoria and surrended himself under the 
terms of surrender, but he was again arrested 
cmd lodged in the Artillery Camp. He finally 
took the oath of allegiance and was Uberated. 
He is at présent practising as an Advooate in 
Johannesburg and editing the newspaper ** De 

KOHLER, Chaules William Henby, J.P., 
of Riverside, Paarl, C.C., and of the City Club» 
C.T., is the eldest son of William Kôhler, Archi- 


AngloAfrican Who's Who 

tect, and Mary Fletcher Hutchinson. He was 
bom Oct. 14, 1862, at Calvinia, C.C., and edu- 
cated at Mr. Close's Sch. and (the Rev. 
Hole's) Trinity Coll , C.T. Mr. Kôhler was one 
of the earliest pioneers of Johannesburg ; he was 
Chairman of the Aurora G.M., Co. ; Managing 
Director of the Unified G.M. Co, ; Chairman of 
the Pa€trl Pretoria Co., and Director of the 
Langlaagte United Co, 1888-89. He purchased 
Riverside in 1890, and has since carried on wine 
farming very successfuUy. Mr. Kôhler stood 
for the Législative Assembly for Stellenbosch in 
1895, but retired on nomination day. He was 
nominated by Stellenbosch, Somerset West, etc., 
to contest a seat for the Cape Législative Coun- 
cil, Aug. 1903. He is a Member of the Cape 
Board of Horticulture, and was a Lient, in the 
Paarl D.M.T. in 1901. 

KOTZÉ, John Gilbebt, LL.B., K.C, was 
bom at Leeuwenhof, C.T. on Nov. 5, 1849. 
He is the youngest son of the late P. J. 
Kotzé, who was Member for C.T. in the 
House of Assembly, and was twice Major of 
that city. Judge Kotzé was educated at 
the S.A. Coll. ; took the degree of LL.B. 
at the London Univ. in Jan. 1873, and was 
called to the Béu: by the Honourable 
Society of the Inner Temple on April 30, 
1874. He practised at the Bar of the Suprême 
Court, C.T., and of the Eastern Districts 
Court at Grahamstown ; was appointed Judge 
of the High Court of the Transvaal Pro- 
vince during the period of British annexation 
on May 19, 1877, which appointment he held 
until the rétrocession of the country in Aug., 
1881 ; was appointed one of the Commissioners 
under the Pretoria Convention to investigate 
and compensate claims for losses and 
injuries sustained during the first Boer War, 
and became Chief Justice of the late S.A.R., 
August 9, 1881. He was Chairman of the Board 
of Examiners in Literature and Science of that 
State from 1890-98, and was created a Knight 
Grand Cross of the Order of the linmacuLÉite 
Conception by H.M. the Eling of Portugal in 
May 1896, in récognition of his services in the 
late Transvaal Republic. In conséquence of 
his judgment in the case of Brown v, Leyde, 
in which he held that a VolksraAd resolution 
could not override the Grondwet or Constitu- 
tion of the country, and because he refused 
to renounce the right of testing the proceedings 
of the Executive and Volksraad by référence 
to the Grondwet, he was siunmarily and 
illegally dismissed from office as Chief Justice 

by ex-Pres. Krûger in Feb. 1898. He was 
appointed Attomey-Gren. of Southern Rho- 
desia with a seat in the Executive and Legis^ 
lative Councils of that territory, Aug. 1900 ; 
acted as Administer of Southern Rhodesia 
during the absence of Sir William Milton, 
K.C.M.G. from May to Oct. 1902; and was 
appointed Judge of the Suprême Court of the 
Colony of the Cape of Good Hope, April 16, 
1903. Mr. Kotzé, together with the late Mr. 
Frederick Jeppe, edited the Transvaal Statute 
Book 1845-1885. He has also edited three 
volumes of reports of cases decided by the 
High Court at Pretoria 1877-88, andhastrans- 
lated into English, from the original Dutch, 
Simon Van Leeuwen's Commentcuies on Roman 
Dutch Law in 2 vols, royal 8vo. He married» 
in 1872, Mary Aurélia, dau. of the late Daniel 
Bell of Milton House, Clapham, Surrey. 

presents the électoral division of Stellenbosch 
in the Cape House of Assembly to which he 
was lekst re-elected in the Bond interest in Feb. 

E^RÛGER, Stephanus Johaitnes Paulus» 
ex-Pres. of the S.A.R., was bom Oct. 
10, 1825, in the Colesberg District of the 
ce. He was reajred in a hcord schooly 
his rough training on the veld, during 
which his life often depended on his recMli- 
ness of resouroe, présence of mind and 
physical strength, early in life endowed him 
with those qualities of self-reli6uice and resouroe 
which were to prove so useful to him in his 
later years. His boyhood was spent in the 
manner familiar to the Boers of the early days 
— ^farming, hunting, and trekking. There were 
no facilities for his receiving any scholastio 
training, and even now he has added nothing to 
his natural sageuîity by book-reading. Suoh 
as it was, however, Paul liriiger's early trcûning 
encouraged those characteristics which enabled 
him to lead the movement which wrested the 
control of the Transvaal from the most for- 
midable empire the world has yet seen, and to 
hold his own for years in the face of opposition 
bef ore which the boldest might well hâve quailed. 
At the âge of ten he £kccompajiied his father on 
the great trek in securch of a new country where 
they might settle, untrammelled by the re- 
strictions of civilized govemment. At that 
time the territory lying between the Vetal and 
the Limpopo rivers was being raided by Mosili- 
katsi, a Zulu sub-chief who had seceded from 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

the main body of his nation with a large ninnber 
of followers, and young Kriiger — ^then a lad 
of twelve years — saw £as fîrst active service 
under Comdt. Potgeiter. Soon after Mr. 
Kriiger served under Comdt. Fretorius in the 
opérations against Dingaan, and was présent at 
the desperate fight which took place at the 
Blood River <m Dec. 16, 1838, where the few 
Boers gained a great viotory which it has been 
their custom to celebrate every year since then. 
He aiso took part in the primitive expédition 
against Mosilikatsi in 1839. 

In 1841 Mr. Kriiger became a Field Ck>met. 
In 1852 he was appointed Comdt. of the 
Districts of Pretoria and Potchefstroom, and 
in 1856 he began to make for himself a position 
in local politics, associating himself with Gen. 
Pretorius in his attempt to join the three inde- 
pendent commimities of Lydenburg, Zout- 
pansberg, and Potchefstroom under one Govt., 
with a new Volksraad, constitution, and capital 
in Potchefstroom. Pretorius aIso sought to 
absorb the O.F.S., and demanded in the 
Volksraad at Bloemfontein that the adminis- 
tration of the O.F.S. should be handed over 
to him. Being ordered to leave the coun- 
try, however, he retumed to the TrcmsvasJ, 
collected an army» and marohed with it back 
to the Free State, but was met on the bcuiks of 
the Rhenoster River by Free State forces. A 
conférence was afterwards held, and Pretorius 
bound himself not again to enter the O.F.S. 
without permission of its Oovt. Many Free 
Staters who had joîned the northem invaders 
were then tried for high trecuson, and it is on 
record how their sentences were reduced to 
nominal ânes owing to the solicitations of 
Messrs. Kruger and Steyn. As a matter of 
interest in E^owing the trend of Mr. Kriiger*s 
character in those fîrst days of his public 
career, the Près, of the Free State, referring 
to tins invasion, stated in the Raad that hehad 
proof that the raiders had made a hideous 
complot with the Basutos under Mosheshto join 
in the attcMsk against the Orange RepubUc. 

In 1862 Mr. Kriiger became Comdt.-Gen., 
and was elected a member of the Executive 

Some years later (1877) he pronûsed Près. 
Burgers his support on the question of the 
inévitable annexation of the Transvetal, but 
Mr. Kriiger seoretly prompted the résistance 
of the irreconcilables, and eventually (May 
1877) left for England with Pr. Jorrisen to pro- 
test against the measure. But it was not 
thought that either member of the commission 

reeJly wished the Aot of Annexation to be i 
nulled. In fact on retuming to the Transvj 
they both took office under the British Qo^ 
Mr. Ejriiger only relinquishing his post owi 
to the refusai of the Qovt. to increajse his i 

After the Convention of 1881 Mr. Kriiger . 
Vice-Pres. formed one of the triumvirate : 
whom the Govt. was vested, but in 1882 the o] 
form was restored and he was elected Près. < 
the Transvetal State. From this time M 
Ejriiger's history is the history of the Tram 
vaal. His policy soon began to declfiore itsell 
In that year the fîrst of many laws was passet 
extending the term of résidence for ediens t< 
qualif y for naturalisation from one to fîve years 
Soon foUowed the granting of monopolies, th< 
agitation for the removal of the Suzerainty and 
freedom in their extemal relations, whilst he 
aiso looked coround for new countries to be 
acquired. Thus Mr. Kriiger*8 Govt. annexed 
Mafeking and part of Bechuanaland until the 
Warren Expédition caused a retreat; part of 
Zululand was taken over, and hungry eyes were 
tumed towards Swaziland (the cession of 
which we ultimately permitted). In 1890-91 
an expédition was sent to Chartered territory, 
but was appropriately tumed back at Rhodes' 
Drift. Tongaland was also coveted. Mean- 
while in 1884 the Près, and Mr. Smit proceeded 
to Europe to endeavour to obtain some modifica- 
tion of the Convention and to raise much 
needed funds, in both of which they were only 
pcfftially successful. But the discovery of gold 
at Moodies in 1885-6, and on the Witwatersrand 
later, brought revenue to the country, \iduoh 
enabled Mr. Kriiger to pursue his schemea 
without remed3ring the ill-condition of the 
Govt., or providing for the large population 
which began to flock into the country, and 
without eSlowm^ it, after reasonable résidence» 
a participation m the management of State or 
even Municipal affairs. PoUtical eigitation for 
reforms, improved ways of communication^ 
remission of taxes, security of titles, etc., gave 
birth to the Transvaal Republican Union of 
Johannesburg. The Witwatersrand Chcunber 
of Mines was aJso formed partly to protect 
shareholders' interests, and for eight years this 
Chamber pleaded to the Volksraad for reforma 
and r^reeentation. But Mr. Kriiger remained 
obdurate. Législation was passed making this 
practically an impossibility to the then uving 
génération of Uitlanders who had taken up their 
résidence in the Republic. Railwa3rs were kept 
out of the coimtry as long as possible, and then 



Anglo-African Who's Who 

construction was only permitted under such 
terms as were granted under the Netherleuids 
Railway ajid Selati Kcdlway concessions, in 
which connection it may be mentioned that the 
Selati Railway Co., in order to obtcôn its con- 
cession» had to pay bribes or make présents to 
many members and officiais of the First Volks- 
raad. The dynamite concession was another 
iniquitous burden upon the industry which had 
built up the fortunes of the country. Près. 
Kruger resolutely set himself against miti- 
gating the abuses which thèse concems im- 
posed upon the legitimate industries on the 
Transv8kal. It is true that he secured the 
Ra€kd's cancellation of the latter concession, 
but in a few months it was renewed in a still 
more obnoxious form. 

In 1888 Mr. Kriiger was re-elected Près, 
without much opposition, Gen. Joubert re- 
ceiving but few votes, but in 1893 he only 
defeated the General by 7,881 votes to 7,009. 
About this time Mr. Krûger's control over 
affairs appeared to be none too sure. Accord- 
ingly, in défiance of the Grondwet (Constitu- 
tion) he appointed Mr. Koch, the Landdrost and 
Polling Officer of Potchefstroom, who had con- 
trived the defeat of Mr. Esselen at the late 
élection, Minute Keeper to the Executive with 
the right to vote, which, with the Présidentes 
casting vote, assured the latter the prédominant 
voice in the council. His position thus strength- 
ened, the Près, tumed his attention to other 
matters, endeavouring, not without some 
success, to subordinate justice in the courts 
to the requirements of his govemment, cur- 
tailing the liberty of the Press, and withholding 
the right of public meetings and political or- 
ganization. However, the attempt to wrest 
trom the High Court the décision in the cyanide 
case while still svb judice miscarried ; the en- 
deavour to deprive the mines of their Bewaar- 
platsen rights only failed after the Minister of 
Mines had, on lus own responsibility, issued 
the claim Ucenses, and so forced the Volksraad 
to face the issue of confirming or reversing his 
action — an alternative which the Govt. could 
not afford. 

Mecuiwhile Mr. Esselen had acoepted the 
State Attomeyship for a short period, during 
which he brought about great reforms in the 
détective and police departments, €uid his 
activity in puttîng down the illioit liquor traffîc 
amongst the natives was so pronounced that 
back-door influence was not long in making his 
office untenable. Dr. Coster, a Hollander, 
succeeded him and was found more amenable 

to the Pretorian oligarchy. Laws were passed 
in défiance of the provisions of the Grondwet, 
and were made retro-active, and on sevrai 
occ€ksions the Près, and Executive forced re- 
versais of the décisions of the High Court. 
Affairs were in this condition when, late in 1895, 
reform was despaired of by ordinary methods, 
and a resort to force was freely talked of as a 
last resource. A Reform party was organized» 
under the presidency of Mr. Charles Léonard, 
6uid eventiially the active assistance of the 
capitalist élément was won over to the move- 
ment. Dr. Jameson was detained on the 
western border of the Republic by Mr. Rhodes's 
orders as moral support, and to come to assist- 
ance in case of urgent necessity, but so quiet 
were the préparations that even Mr. Kruger did 
not realize the length to which matters had 
gone. When at length old Hans Botha wamed 
the -Près, of the danger, he replied in his charcMï- 
teristic way that " 8 they wanted to kill a tor- 
toise they must wait until he put his head out 
of the shell." Meanwhile he received several 
deputations to induce him to make reasonable 
concessions, and then Mr. Krîiger's plan of 
procrastination began to reach a height which 
had never previously been attained. He would 
promise nothing, but said that he would do his 
best to see that duties on food stufîs were re- 
moved pending confirmation by the Volksraad ; 
that equal subsidies would be gramted to Eng- 
lish as to Dutch schools, and that the Nether- 
lands Rcdlway would be approeuîhed with a 
view to the réduction of rates, but that it was 
impossible to grant the franchise to the Uit- 
lander. The leaders, however, could hâve no 
faith in thèse sissurances, and mfiU^ters were 
hastened by Dr. Jameson crossing the border, 
on Dec. 29, notwithstanding his distinct orders 
to the contrary. The following night Près. 
Kriiger, recognizing that the brealong point 
was nearly reached, issued a proclamation wam- 
ing persons from disturbing the pea<^, and 
stating that the Govt. was prepared to consider 
grievances without delay. Delegates of both 
parties met in fa^ît in Pretoria, but their de- 
Uberations resulted in nothing further than the 
Boer members having procured a full list of 
members of the Conmûttee; the Uitlander 
delegates were handed copy of a resolution 
stating that the High Conunissioner's inter- 
vention had been accepted, and that the grie- 
vances would be ecumestly considered. The 
surrender of Dr. Jantôson's force foUowed hard 
upon this, but the Près, thought that he had 
still to reckon with 20,000 armed Uitlanders in 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

Johannesburg, and although the doctor's sur- 
render was acoepted oonditionally upon ail 
lives being spared, he proceeded to let it be 
known that the doctor*s life depended absolutely 
upon aU arms being laid down in Johannesburg, 
at the same time stating to the High Com- 
missioner that disarmament must be précèdent 
to any discussion of grievances. Acoordingly 
ail arms were surrendered in good faith from 
Jan. 6 to 8y and on the foUowing day Près. 
Ktiiger's " Forgive and Forget " policy waa 
inaugurated bytheBeformers to the number of 
over sixty being arrested, tried, and found 
g^lty of high treason, the four leaders being 
oondemned to death and the others to fines of 
£2,000 each, two years' imprisonment and three 
years' banishment. Soon after thèse sentences 
were pronounced Govt. agents were at work 
trying to persuade the Committee to pétition in 
humiliating terms to the ** proved magnanimity 
of the Govt. " ; and to make statements impli- 
oating one 6uiother for their complicity in the 
revolutionary movement, and so on. Mean- 
while the gaol treatment was telling severely 
upon the prisoners, one of whom had already 
died by his own hand. On May 20, ten were 
liberated, and most of the other sentences were 
oommutcMi to lesser terms of imprisonment, but 
so great was the feeling growing throughout 
the country agcûnst Mr. Kriiger's " Cat and 
Mouse" treatment that monster pétitions, 
headed by two hundred S.A. mayors, at 
last (May 30) effected the release of ail the 
prisoners (with the exception of Messrs. Woolls- 
Sampson axid Davies and the four leaders) 
conditionally on the fines being paid 6md each 
binding himiself not to meddle in the internai or 
extemal politics of the State for three years. 
After much bargcûning with the leaders, Mr. 
EjTuger liberated the latter on payment of a fine 
of £25,000 each and an undertaking not to 
meddle in politics for fifteen years. 

Negotiations went on in a desultory way. 
An Industrial Commission of Inquiry was 
appointed by the Executive at the President*s 
request, and a meus of swom évidence was taken. 
In the report which foUowed numerous recom- 
mendations were made with the end in view 
of prospering the industries of the State and 
benefiting the country as a whole, but Mr. 
Kruger £clined to adopt tiie recommendations, 
and even charged the chaîrman of the oonmiittee, 
Mr. Schalk Burger, with being a traiter to his 
country for having put his name to such a 
report. Ultimaiély nothing was done of any 
benefit to the Uitlander interests involved, and 

it became apparent that little was to be gain 
by British diplomacy. Mr. Kruger, who w 
elected Près, of the S.A.R. for the fourth ai 
last time in Feb. 1898, was hurryîng armamen 
into the Transvetal to such an extent that it w« 
necessary toreinforce the British gcurrison in S.i 
The climax was reached when the Près. d« 
livered the ultimatum in Oct. 1899 which brougl 
on the S.A. War, through the early part of whic 
he remetined in the [country, urging and ec 
couraging his people to victory, but when thi 
seemed at length a remote possibility, hi 
fiight to Europe was rapidly decided upon 
ajid the ex-President*s énergies were devoted un- 
successfully to obtaining foreign intervention 
and successfully to stirring up Anglophobia 
on the Continent. But Mr. Kriiger was already 
an old man, and this final blow — ^the defeat of 
his people and the loss of his country — ^mfiorked 
pra^îtically the end of his public life. 

Strong, fanaticàl, obstinate, shrewd and 
autocratie, Mr. Kruger never concealed his 
dislike to, and mistrust of, the Uitlanders. 
When the Barberton rush broùght comparative 
affluence to the country he never once visited 
the town, 6md only on three occasions did he 
visit Johannesburg during nine years, cJthough 
the law of the lemd prescribed that the Près. 
should visit every town and district yearly. 
As évidence of this dislike it is remembered 
that in addressing a mixed crowd at Ejrugers- 
dorp, where some detested ediens might be pré- 
sent, he began " Burghers, friends, thieves, mur- 
derers, newcomers, and others." Neverthelees he 
did not scruple to commandeer their services for 
the war against Malaboch, until diplomatie 
représentations from Lord (then Sir Henry) 
Loch secured exemption for them. Nor did he 
scruple to fill lucrative posts with relatives who 
were quite unfit for the public service, nor to 
appropriate the public revenues for improve- 
ments on his personal estâtes, for which purposee 
he had little difficulty in obtaining the sanction 
of the Volksraad. There is on record the case 
of the éditer of " Land en Volk *' successfully 
sustaining an alleged libel charging the Près. 
with fcaiâ against the State. He is also gener- 
ally believed to hâve brought away with him 
from the Transvetal the State 6md Trust funds, 
variously eetimated at from £250,000 to 
£700,000, of which no satisfactory account can 
be obtained. 

Mr. Kriiger has employed part of his exile in 
writing his '^Memoirs," for, which heissuppoeed 
to hâve received £30,000. They were diotated 
to fifr. A. Schowalter, the éditer of the '* Buren- 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

freandes»'* who gave muoh assistance in pre- 
paring them for publication. He now Hvee 
in àbnost complète retirement ; in a country 
far removed from his native, but now-for- 
bidden, vdd ; with very indiffèrent health ; 
but with reoollections of a long and arduous 
career of stitring adventure and continuai 
politiccd strtfe, from which hec6uiscarcely regret 
to be released — even in lonely but peaceful 
exile. See *' Obituaries." 

KUUNy Peter Gysbebt, M.L.A., is member 
of the Cape Législative Assembly for i^e province 
of Victoria West. He sits in the Bond interest, 
and was last elected in Feb., 1904. 

LABXJSCHAGNE, Caspeb Jebemiah, M.L.G., 
J.P., of Haasfontein, Cîolenso, Natal, was bom 
at Weenen Ck>unty, Natal, Dec. 8, 1854. He is 
the son of John Hendeiik Labuschagne, who 
fought for the British against Machana and 
the Basutos, on the occasion of their invc^on 
of Natal» and also against Langalibalele. Mr. 
C. J. Labuschagne*s grandfather was one of 
the voortrekkers who left Cape Colony for Natal 
in 1836, and, becoming an officer in the Boer 
Army, fought against Bingcian in 1837, and 
afterwards against the British in 1842 at Con- 
gella, Durban 

Mr. C. J. Labuschagne was appointed J.F. 
in 1892 and M.L.C. in Nov. 1898 He is 
a member of several Rifle Associations ; has 
won several prizes, and on one occc^on won 
a gold medsJ for the best aggregate score. 
He married, in 1877, Miss Hatting, the youngest 
dau. of J. M. Hatting, of Blauwkrans, Natal, 
on whose farm Lord Roberts* son is buried. 
Mr. Labuschagne lost his fîrst wife in 1902, 
and then married Mrs. Pieters, eldest dau. of 
William Maude, of Dundee, Natal. 

LAGDEN, Sm Godfrey Yeatman, K.C.M.G. 
(1897), C.M.G. (1894),M.L.C.,Memberof Execu- 
tive Council, and Conmiissioner for Native Affeûrs, 
Transvaal ; of Blandf ord, Park Town, Johannes- 
burg, and the Sports Club, London ; is the son 
of the late Rev. Richeurd Dowse Lagden, Bal- 
sham House, Camb., and Sherboume, Dorset. 
He was bom in 1851 and educated at Sher- 
boume Sch. A bare récital of his officiai 
appointments shows that he haa had a dis- 
tinguished pubUo career. He entered the Civil 
Service in the G.P.O., 1869-77 ; became Chief 
Clerk to the State Secy. of the Trsuisvaal under 
British Administration in 1878 ; Private Secy. 
tothe Administrator, Sir OwenLanyon, 1878-81 ; 

and Secy. to Executive Council ; we^ présent 
at the siège of Pretoria and afterwards became 
Private Secy. to Administrators Sir Evelyn 
Wood and Sir William Bellairs ; Secy. to Trana- 
vaal Sub-royal Conmiission on Compensation 
Claims, 1881-82 ; Spécial Weur Correspondent 
during the Egyptian Campaign, 1882-83, being 
présent at ail engagements, induding Tél-el- 
Kebir, charge of Kassassin and capture of Cairo ; 
was appointed Assist. Colonial Secy., Sierra 
Leone ; employed on SpecieJ Financial Mission 
to Gold Coast, 1883 ; Govemmont Secy. and 
Acct., Basutoland, 1884. Asst. Commissioner, 
1885; acted as Résident Commiasîoner, 1890; 
as British Commissioner, Swaziland» 1892; 
Résident Conmiissioner, Basutoland, 1893- 
1901. It will thus be seen that Sir Godfrey 
Lagden has represented this country on varions 
missions, but it was as British Résident in 
Basutolctnd that he made his réputation. " To 
use the power and influence of the chief as a 
means of goveming and guiding the nation '* 
was the motto of his rule, and it is daimed that 
his success has shown how a black population 
may be moulded and gov^ned with its own 
consent. No greater evid^ice exists of Sir 
€k)dfrey's remcorkable faculties for indncing 
in the native mind an appréciation of pro- 
gressive measures them the resuit of the intro- 
duction of a Native Savings* Bank and re- 
mittance agency estabHshed in the Transvaal 
in Sept. 1902, of which the natives hâve taken 
f ull advantage from its initiation. He indulgee 
in most games and sports, and haa had oon- 
siderable expérience of big game shooting; 
waJked from the Cape Coast to Coomaasie 
through the Ashanti country in 1883, shooting 
and collecting spedmens. He married Franoes 
Rebeoca, dau. of the Rt. Rev. Henry Brong^iam 
Bousfîeld, Bishop of Pretoria. 

LAMBTON, Capt. Geoboe Charles, D.S.O., 
of Brownslade, Pembroke, S. Wales, was bom 
Nov. 10, 1872; is fourth son of Lient. -Col. 
F. W. Lambton, late of the Scots Guards, and 
of Lady V. Lambton, dau. of the 2nd Eazi 
Cawdor. Capt. Lambton was educated at 
Wellington Coll., and entered the Worcester 
Regt. in 1895, gaining his Captaincy in 1900. 
He served in the S.A. Weur 1900-02; was présent 
at the occupation of Johannesburg aiul Pïre- 
toria, and took part in the opérations whicdi 
resulted in the surrender of Prinsloo in tho 
Brandwater basin. He then continued figjht» 
ing in the O.R.C. and C.C. ; was présent 
at the action at Bothaville, and subséquent^ 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

served under Gren. Sir C. Knox until April, 
1902 (despatches, D.S.O., Queen's medal with 
four olctsps, KiDg*s medal with two dasps). 
Capt. Lambton is unmetrried. 

LAWRENCE, James, M.L.A., J.P., of Kîm- 
berley, Muizenberg, and of the Kimberley 
Club and Civil Service Club of C.T., Was bom 
at Georgetown, C.C., in 1852. Educated at 
C.T. and Cradock, he has represented Kim- 
berley in the Cape Colony House of Assembly 
since 1894. He is a Progressive Member, ajid 
waa last re-elected in Feb. 1904. For fourteen 
yeeurs he has been Municipal Councillor, and 
M&yoT of Kimberley in 1889, 1892 and 1893. 
It will thus be seen that Mr. Lawrence has 
been prominently associated with the muni- 
cipal affairs of the great dicunond city. His 
other public positions indude that of Chaîrman 
of James Lawrence & Co., Ltd., Director of the 
Board of Executors, Kimberley, and Senior 
Whip to the Progressive Party in the Cape 
Parliament. He eSao served on the Peninsular 
Commission in 1902-3. His récréations in- 
dude riding and driving. Married, in 1880, 
to Miss Kilby, of Somerset East. 

LEE, ChasiiES, M.L.A., is member of the 
Cape Législative Assembly for the Province 
of Uitenhage, and was last re-elected in Feb. 
1904. He sits in the Progressive interest. 

LENFANT, Capt., the French explorer, 
retumed to Paris in April, 1904, after an adven- 
turous joumey from the West Coast of Africa, 
up the Niger, along the Benue (a tributary 
of the Niger), through the Suburi marsh country, 
thoQ,ce along the Shari river to Lake Chad, the 
retum joumey only occupying sixty-five dajrs 
as agaînst five months by the Congo route. 
Capt. Lenfant's white party consisted of ten. 
They were oonfronted with innumerable diffi- 
culties, hostile natives with poisoned arrows, 
and much sickness. He made many scientific 
observations, and discovered a monstrous 
silk-spinning spider, a spécimen of which he 
brought home. 

LEYDS, Dr. Willbm Johannes, LL.D., 
Knight of the Portuguese Order of Villa Vicoza, 
Commander of the Légion of Honour, Knt. 
of the Second Class, wibh Stcor, of the Prussian 
Red Eagle, and Commander of the Orders of 
Jesiis Christ, St. Charles, Orange-Nassau, and 
Leopold of Bdgiam ; of 25, Wilhelminapark, 
Utrecht» HoDaiid, and of the Club de la Haye, 

The Hague ; was born at Magelang, Java, 
May 1, 1859. He is second son of W. J. Le} 
who was youngest son of the Rev. Leyds, 
VeandcMtl, Holland, by Nine, second dau. 
the Rev. R. van Bessningen van Helsding 
Dr. Leyds came to Europe at the âge of e 
and received his éducation at Haarleni a 
Amsterdam. His original intention was 
become a teacher, and in 1874 he passed t 
final examination in the Govt. school for t 
préparation of tutors. Four years later 
qu£jified as a teacher of drawing ; took a Qoi 
diploma for gymnastics, and passed in matb 
matics in 1879. He graduated LL.B. in 188 
and after a further two years of study toc 
the Doctor's degree cum ktude at the Uni 
of Amsterdam. In 1884 Dr. Leyds went 1 
the Transvaal as the agent of the conoessionairi 
of the Netherlands Rcdlway, to advance the 
interests, at the same time tcddng office undc 
the S.A.R. as Attomey-Gen., a dual positio 
which, it was said, he could not occupy wit. 
justice to both the State and the Concessionairei 
He appears to hâve dropped the former office 
but was appointed Qovt. Commissioner witi 
the NetherlandB Railway Co. in 1887. He wai 
made a J.P. for the whole Republic in 1889 
and in the following year was deputed Qovt. 
Syndic with the National Bank of the S.A.R. 
Meanwhile Dr. Leyds had given ample évi- 
dence of his talent for diplomaoy, and m 1890 
he rdinquished the office of Attomey-Gen. for 
the State Secretaryship, to which he was re- 
eleoted in 1894, and again in 1898. The office 
carried a seat in the Executive Coundl, and 
was, after the Presidency, the most onerous 
and responsible in the service of the Republic. 
During ail thèse years he had been filling the 
public offices with lus own countrjrmen — a 
more or less necesscuy step, seeing that English- 
men were practically barred in important 
positions by the Kriiger régime^ and the Boers 
themselves were incompétent to adequatdy 
participate in the task of govemment. But 
this influx of HoUanders was not welcomed 
by Boer or Briton, and the State Secy.*s in- 
oreasing unpopularity, added to the anti-HoUan- 
der feeUng, made it expédiait for hhn to resign. 
Dr. Leycfô had already been sent on politioal 
missions to Lisbon and Berlin, his skill in 
diplomacy had been tried, cmd Mr. Kriiger 
appointed his able and useful Secy. Minister 
Plenipotentiary in Europe. Dr. Leyds had been 
for years the President*s right-hand man, and 
it is doubtful if his influence on affairs, so far 
as concemed the Uitlanders, was as malign 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

as was ofttimeB stated. His position was 
a délicate one» and it is not surprising that he 
created feeliii^ of resentment amongst the 

Dr. Leyds is the author of " De rechtsgrond 
der schadevergoeding voor preventieve hectenis " 
(1884). He married, July 10, 1884, Louisa, 
second dau. of F. Roeff, Mathematician. 

UNDUP, Walter, F.R.C.I., of Fairview 
Tower, Maritzburg, Natal, was bom in London, 
Jan. 3, 1858 ; was educated at the Fhilological 
Sch., Marylebone Road., Lond., and studied 
dentistry under his father. He now prac- 
tises this profession in Maritzburg. He was 
fonnerly a Director of the St€Uihope and New 
Heriot G.M. Cos., a«nd was elected a Town 
Cîouncillor for Mcuritzburg in 1902. Mr. Lindup 
is an amateur architect and painter in oils. 
He married, in 1902, Elizabeth, dau. of J. D. 
HoUiday, of Maritzburg. 

LIPF, Charles, J.F., of the Rand and Eam- 
berley Clubs, was bom at Fochabers, Scotleuid, 
in 1861 ; is son of John Lipp, of Fochabers, 
where he was educated at Miîne's Institution. 
After a bcmk training in the Aberdeen Town 
and County Bcmk he went to S.A. in 1882. 
He joined the Capt of Good Hope Bemk, and 
rapidly rose to the position of Manager of 
their Kimberley branch in 1889, in which year 
he was appointed J.P. for Komberley. He 
became Manager of the Kimberley branch of 
the Africeui Banking Corporation in 1892, and 
was promoted to the management of the Johan- 
nesburg branch in 1898, which position he 
still fîlls. He remained in that town during 
the war, and was appointed J.P. for the Wit- 
watersrand in 1903. He married, in 1890, 
Miss Harvey, of Aliwal North. 

UTHMAN, Karl Vilhelm ; of " Scandia," 
Rosebcmk, nr. Cape Town, and of the City 
Club (C.T.) ; was bom Oct. 13, 1863, atGothen- 
burg, Sweden ; is youngest son of a Grothenburg 
merchant, and was educated at the Gothenburg 
Coll., where he matriculated in 1872. He 
went to S.A. in 1879 as Secy. to the Swedish 
and Norwegian Consul-Gren. at Cape Town. 
In 1881 he became Vice-Consul, and acted as 
Consul-Gren. in 1885 on the death of his chief, 
whose business he took over under the style 
of K€u:l Lithman & Co. In 1886 he was ap- 
pointed Agent-Gen. in S.A. to the Norwegieui 
Veritas, and he now holds the gênerai agency 
of the principe^ Scandinavian underwriters. 


He wafi made Consul for Venezuela in 1887, 
and in the scune year founded the match 
factory necur Cape Town, which he afterwards 
sold to the Rosebank Match Co., Ltd. Besides 
his Consular appointment he carries on a timber, 
shipping, insur6uice and gênerai merchant's 
business, ajid is a director of varions cos. 
He married, April 4, 1891, Sophia Akerberg, 
widow of the late Swedish and Norwegian 
Consul at Cape Town. 

LITTLE, James Stanley, of the Royal 
Colonial Institute, W.C, and of the Author's 
and Anglo-African Writers' Clubs, is a son of 
the late Thomas Little, of Woodville, Forest 
Hill. He was educated at IGng's Coll., London, 
and went to S.A. as a youth, when he con- 
tributed to the " Cape Times " and the " Natal 
Mercury." He retumed to England with a 
knowledge of S.A. questions, which he utilized 
by lecturing on various matters aSecting the 
country and Impérial Fédération. He was 
a Member of the S.A. Committee (1886), and 
served on the Executive Committee of the 
State Colonization Association and the 
Executive Council of the Impérial Fédération 
League. He edited the " African Review " 
from Dec. 1895 to June 1897, and from Aug. 
1891 to Aug. 1902. Mr. Little's main work 
has been to popularize the Impérial idea. As 
early as 1876 he contributed leculing articles 
to the "Natal Mercury" advocating the 
annexation of the Transvaal. His works 
especially dealing with Impérial subjects begctn 
with "A World's Empire" (1879). This was 
followed by "South Africa" (1884), "The 
United States of Britain" (1887), "A Vision 
of Empire" (1889), "The Enemies of South 
Africa " (séries of articles in the " New Century 
Review," 1897), " Progress of British Empire 
in Century," published in Canada (1902) and 
in Great Britain and the United States (1903). 
During the past twenty yecirs he has worked 
hard for the reform of the Royal Academy. 
On subjects connected with Impérial, Colonial 
South African, artistic £knd Uterary matters 
he has contributed largely to the periodical 
press and magazines, includlng the " Nineteenth 
Century," "Academy," "Studio," "Library 
Review," " The Artist," " The Moming Post," 
" The Literary World," and other publications. 
He is aiso the author of some half-a-dozen 
novels, viz. " My Royal Father" (1886), "The 
Day Ghost" (1887), "Doubt" (1888), "Whose 
Wife shaU she be" (1888), "A Wealden 
Tragedy " (1894). He wrote the life and work 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

of W. A. Orch€tfdson, R.A. (1897), and besides 
ail this literary activity bas found time to 
Write two plays, which hâve been presented. 
He was the first Executive Secy. of the Society 
of Authors, and inaugorated the System of 
annual dinners, with a dinner to American 
men and women of letters in 1889. He was 
the Hon. Secy. of the Shelley Soc. in 1886-7, 
and in conjunction with Mr. J. Bobinson 
organized the Shelley Centenary célébration 
at Horsham, Aug. 4, 1892. His récréations 
are country walks cmd genecdogical research. 
He married, March, 1895, Fanny Maud Thérèse 
Lablache, elder dau. of Count Luigi de la Blache, 

LITTLEJOHN, Robebt, of 8, Cavendish 
Square, London, W., and of the Constitutional, 
Caledonicm, and Gresham Clubs, is the son of 
the late Robert Littlejohn, Castle Douglas, 
N.B., and was bom in 1855. He began his 
business career in the service of the Bank of 
Scotland, and went to S.A. in 1883 to take up 
a banking appointment there. He was Gen. 
Manager of the African Banking Corporation in 
S.A. from 1891 to the end of 1900, when he 
joined the Board of Directors of that bank in 
London. He is also a director of other cos. 
connected with S.A. His récréations are golf, 
shootingy etc. 

LLEWELLYN, Cricketer, was bom in S.A. 
He made his first appearance in importent 
cricket at Pietermaritzburg in 1896 against 
Lord Hawke*s XL In 1899 he went to Eng- 
land to qualify for Hampshire, for which county 
against the Australians he scored 90 in his 
first innings, and took 7 wickets. In 1890 
he showed good form against the West Indians, 
taking 13 wickets and making over 50 
runs in one of his innings. In 1902 he dis- 
played good form also against the Australians, 
olean bowling Clem Hill for and 7. In addition 
to Ms left-hjBuided bowling, he is a briUiant 
field at mid-ofiE and a dashing bat. 

LLEWELLYN, Capt. Hoël, D.S.O., of 
Hersham Cottage, Walton-on-Thames, and of 
White's aub, was bom Nov. 24, 1871, at the 
Court, Langford, East Somerset, and is son of 
Col. Evan H. Llewelljni, M.P. He was educated 
at sea on H.M.S. Britcmnia (1884), cmd was 
midshipman in the Royal Navy from 1888 to 
1890, during which period he saw active service 
on the East Coast of Africa in the suppression 
of the slave trade (despatches). fYom the 
Navy he joined the British S.A. Police, serving 

as Artillery Offîcer throughout the 
bêle War of 1893-4 (despatches). 
he was appointed J.P. (Rhodesia) and 
his Captaincy in the B.S.A. Police, an< 
outbreak of the second Matabele Wax 
year he took command of the compani 
lery, greatly distinguishing himself < 
than one occasion by his gsïlcmtry and 
of mind in " tight places," being recon 
by Gen. Sir Fredi. Carrington for the 
V.C. He continued fighting throu 
opérations in Mashonaland, which w 
cluded in 1897. Capt. Llewellyn 
through the Anglo-Boer War from t 
mencement in 1899, commcmding the a 
trains north of Mafeking until Jan., 19( 
he took over the command of Col. '. 
artillery imtil the relief of Mafeking, 
nection with which he w€U3 decoratea 
D.S.O. Transferring to the S.A. Consi 
he was appointed Comdt. of the 
burg District (until Dec., 1902) and 
the TransvaaJ. He married, Oct. 2 
Winifred Lady Ross, yoimgest dau 
Berens, of Castlemead, Windsor. 

LOCHVER, HoN. J. A. van Aabde, 
is a member of the Cape Législative 
for the North-west Province. 

LOCKTE, John, M.P., J.P., of S 
Stonehouse, Devon; Buston Hall, 
ÎR.S.O., Northumberlfitnd ; and of th 
Societies Club ; is son of John L 
his wife Elizabeth Laidlaw Smythe ; ^ 
July 30, 1863, and was educated al 
Watson's Coll., Edinburgh, afterwar 
mencing his commercial career with a 
shipowner's firm. In 1892 he esl 
Works at Jarrow-on-Tyne for the i e 
of brass and oopper tubes cmd ^j 
CMîcessories. He is the owner of tl» 
Une of ships, is Chairman of the Nation 
trial Assoc, and of the S.A. Trade Co] 
of which he gucurcmteed the expenses. 
which he actually defrayed. He ^ 
Conservative M.P. for Devonport, Ocw. . 
Mr. Lockie is keen on sports and the c 
of curios. He married, in 1893, Annie 
John FarreU. 

LOEWENTHAL, Leofold, of Edens 
Molesey, Surrey, was bom on Jeuou 18, 
Glasgow, and was educated at Hutchinso 
Glaâgow, and the Friedrich Wilhelx 
Germany. In the early days of Johai 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

he was prominently assooiated with municipal 
affaira and exeroised very considérable interûBt. 
Any candidate for the To wn Council or the V olks- 
raad who had his support was invariably 
elected. Hr. Loewenthaf writes trenchantly 
on financial subjects. He collecta 18th century 
English fumiture and old Nankin poro^cûn, 
and makes gcurdening his hobby. 

LOGAN. HoN. James Douolas, M.L.C., J.P., 
of Cape Town ; Tweedside Lodge, Matjesfontein, 
ce. ; DcJguise Castle, Perthshire, Scotland ; and 
of the City Club, C.T. ; is the son of Mr. 
James Logan, of Reston, Berwickshire, where 
he was bom Nov. 26, 1857. He was educated 
at Beeton, and started life as a railway clerk 
on the North British Railway. He then went 
to sea as an apprentîce on a sailing ship, and 
was wrecked at Simons Town twenty-five 
years ago. Joining the Cape Govt. Railway 
service as porter, he came to be stationmcuster, 
at the then new Cape Town Station, and worked 
through the différent grades of the service 
until he was appointed Dist. Superintendent 
over the rcûlway from Touws River to Prince 
Albert Road. Leaving the rediway service, 
he purchased the Frère Hôtel, Touws River, 
stcurted a wholescde wine and spirit store in 
Cape Town, and soon became re&eshment and 
advertising contracter on the Cape Govt., 
O.F.S, and Rhodesian Railway Systems. 
Matjesfontein, on the Karoo, he transformed 
from a state of barrenness to a condition of 
fertility by means of diamond drilling for 
water, converting the locality into a charming 
residential resort. His gardons at Matjes- 
fontein and Tweedside, where he has sâao been 
successful in boring for water, now contain 
orchards unequalled in the Colony. 

Mr. Logem w£is elected Member of the Cape 
Législative Assembly for Worcester in 1894, 
and in 1898 was returned €is the représentative 
for the N.W. Circle in the Législative Council, 
where he sits in the Progressive interest. During 
the late Boer War he raised €Uid conmianded 
a corps of District Mounted Troops, and was 
présent at the engagements of Belmont, Modder 
River, Rensburg, etc. He is a keen sportsman, 
a first-class shot, and very fond of cricket. He 
was instnmciental in bringing Lord Hawke's 
cricket teams of 1894 and 1898 to S.A., and 
conducted at his own expense the tour of the 
S.A. Amateur Cricket XI in 1901, which showed 
up very creditably. Mr. Logan married. Sept. 9, 
1878, Emma, dau. of C. H. Haylett, of 
Cape Town. 

LOTTER, Caspâb Jaoobus, M.L.A., is mem- 
ber of the Cape Législative Assembly for the 
Province of Jansenville, having been laist elected 
in Feb. 1904. He is a member of the Bond. 

F.R.G.S., was bom at Pietermaritzburg in 1854. 
Left to his own resources very early in life, and 
having poor health, he went to Pretoria in 1872, 
and entered the Deeds Office of the S.A.R. in 
1873, becoming Master and Registrar of the 
High Court under the British Administration 
cifter the annexation. In the Boer war of in- 
dependence he was second in conunand of the 
Pretoria Rifles who were besieged in Pretoria. 
On the Trcmsvaal regaining self-govemment, 
Mr. Loveday's services were dispensed with, 
though he subsequently held important positions 
in the Trcoisvaal. He was elected unopposed 
member of the First Volksraad for the Bar- 
berton Goldfîelds in 1890 and 1891, and was 
the only member of the Chamber of British 
descent. He was a strenuous opponent of ihe 
Ejrûger régime and its attendant abuses. In the 
sessions of 1893 and 1894 he rendered great ser- 
vices to the Progressives, and in the course of 
the debate on the Franchise in 1895 he dealt 
exhaustively with the question, &ù.d exhorted 
the Raad to appeal to the country on the matter. 
He is a member of the First Législative Council 
of the Transvaal Colony and director of several 
public COS. 

LOVELL, Edwakd Aif honse, of Lagos, West 
AMca ; of Storridge Vicarage, Malvem, and of 
the Junior, Athenœum, and Northumberland 
County Clubs, was bom 1857 at Winslow HàU» 
Buckinghcunshire. He was educated at Rugby, 
and Heidelburg Univ., where he graduated M. A.» 
M.B., and D.C.L. He joined the Govt. service 
in 1890 ; was Collecter of Customs 1891, and 
Acting Treasurer and Colonial Secy. on various 
occasions. He served on the Boundary Com- 
mission in Paris, 1898. 

LOWREY, Francis, B.A., of 16, Cheyne 
Walk, Chelsea, and of the United University and 
Union Clubs, was bom at Barmoor, Northumber 
land, in 1856 ; W€is educated at Rugby and New 
Coll., Oxon. (Ist class Modem ECistory School 
and B.A. 1878). He was called to the Beur, Inner 
Temple, in 1880, cmd was for some time a member 
of the North-Eastem Circuit. He was subse- 
quently a partner in the publishing firm of Swan» 
Sonnenschein & Co., and afterwards went to 
Johannesburg in 1889 ; joined the Reform Com- 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

mîttee in 1895-6 ; was curested for his pcurtioipa- 
Uon in that movement» but did not unctergo tried 
or imprisonment. He ia a director of the Con- 
solidated Qoldfields of S.A. 

LOWTHER, Claude, M.P., of H. 3, the 
Albany» Piooadilly, W., and of the Carlton, Gar- 
rick. St. Jeunes*, Marlborough, and Baohelors* 
Clubs, is the son of Capt. F. W. Lowther, R.N., 
and was bom in 1870. He was eduoated at 
Rugby and Fribourg, and was an Attaché in the 
Diplomatie Service for some years. He held a 
Captfiûncy in the Cumberleuid and Westmore- 
land Yeomanry and served with the Impérial 
Yeomanry in S.A. He was appointed A.D.C. 
to Sir Charles Warren, who recommended 
him for the V.C. for saving the life of a comreide 
at the battle of Fabers Put. He suocessfully 
contested the Eskdale division of Cumberland in 
1900. Capt. Lowther is a well known littérateur 
and dramatist. His play, the *' Gordian Knot," 
at Her Majesty's will be well within the public 

LTJGARD, Lady (Flora Louise), of Govern- 
ment HousCy N. Nigeria, was bom at Woolwich, 
Kent, is the dau. of Major-Gen. George Shaw, 
C.B., by Marie Adrienne Junot Desfontaines, 
and was educated privately. She is the author 
of " Castle Blctir " and other books. 

In 1890 she joined the stafif of the " Times," 
and was for ten years head of the colonial dept. 
of that paper, which post she resigned in 1900. 
Lady Lugard always took a great and active 
interest in S.A. matters, and was believed to 
reçoive a large share of the late Cecil Rhodes' 
confidence in respect of his political schemes for 
the development of S.A. She gave long and 
important évidence before the Conunission which 
inquired into the events leading up to the 
Jameson Raid. She was married, June 11,1 902, 
to Gen. Sir Frederick Lugard (q.v.). 

LUGARD, Bbig.-Gen. Sib Fredebiok Deal- 
TRY, K.C.M.G., C.B., D.S.O., Brig.-Gen. and 
High Commissioner for Northern Nigeria ; of 
Little Parkhurst, Abinger, Surrey ; of GÎovt. 
House, Northern Nigeria, West Africa ; and of 
the St. James', Junior Anny and Navy, and the 
Royal Soc. Clubs, is the son of the Rev. F. G. 
Lugard, and was bom at Fort St. George, Madras. 
Educated at Rossel cmd Sandhurst, he entered 
the Army in 1878, and served with the 9thFoot 
in the Afghan War of '79-80, and was présentât 
the engagement of Saidabad, receiving the 
Afghan medaL He was promoted Capt. in the 

Norfolk Regt. in 1885, and served in tl 
in that year with the Indian Transport, 
the medal and dasp cmd bronze stcur, c 
the Burmese Expédition in 1886, whei 
mentioned in despatches and received n 
dasp. In 1888 he was agaia on activ 
being in the Nyasscdand opérations, wh 
severely wounded, and with the Ixa 
Africa Co.'s Troops in Uganda iu 
obtaining medcd for his services. In i 
1894-5-6 he commanded the expeditioi 
the Niger Co. into the interior. Sir ] 
Lugard bas done great services to th< 
and to civilization, and as a soldier, ad 
tor and explorer he will be numbere 
those who durii^ the Victorian era hav 
much to consoli£bte and extend British 
and power in Africa. Particularly mi 
stcmoed his able report to the Adminis 
the British East Africa Co. at that critic 
in 1892, when Mr. Gladstone's Govt. vi 
to abandon Uganda. This report did 
strengthen the cause of the ^ti-Eveu: 
party . Whilst in Nyassaland he was un: 
in his efforts to suppress the Arab sla 
waging a perpétuai war against the tr 
that purpose. He was Commissioner 
Hinterland and Comdt. West Africc 
tier Force in 1897. He married, « 
1902, Flora (q.v.), dau. of Major-Gen 
Shaw, C.B., €md grand-dau. of the Rij 
Sir Frederick Shaw, Bart. 

LYONS, Capt. Henby Geoeoe, ] 
J^.G.S., of Gezira, Ccdro, asid of the A 
Navy Club, was bom in London Cet. 
He is son of Gen. T. C. Lyons, C.B., was 
at Wellington Coll., Berks., passing 
Royal Engineers, from which he bas no 
He is Director-Gen. of the Survey 
Egypt ; bas published report on the la 
Temples of Phila^, and bas also co] 
articles on Egypt and Ccdro in the supp 
volumes of the Encydopckedia Briteuuu 
married, July 8, 1 896, Miss Helen Julia B 

LYTTELTON, Lieut.-Gen. Hon. Sib 
Gerald, K.C.B., of 28, Grosvenor Roi 
and of the Army and Navy cmd Brool 
is the third son of the 4th Baron Lyttel 
bom at Hagley, Worcestershire, Cet. 
€md was educated at Eton, where he pla^ 
Cricket XL in 1862-^4, and was kee] 
Wall Football in 1863. He won the 1 
at Eton in 1863, and played racquets 
tennis. Since his schooldays Sir Ne 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

continued to play cricket for many years, chiefly 
regimental cmd military, and bas had a good 
deal of large and small gctme shootîng. He 
joîned the Riâe Brigade in Jan. 1865, becoming 
Lieut.-Col. commanding a battalion in Dec, 
1892. He bas held tbe folio wing Staff appoint- 
ments : A.D.C. to Earl Spencer, Lord-Lieut. of 
Ireland, 1868-73 ; Private Secy. to Mr. Childers, 
Secy. of State for War 1880-2; A.D.C. to Sir 
Johii Adye, Cliief of Staff, Egyptian Campaign, 
1882; Mil. Secy. to Sir John Adye, Grovernor of 
Gibraltar, 1883-5; Mil. Secy. to Lord Reay, 
Govemor of Bombay, 1885-90; A.A.G., War 
Office, 1895-97; Asst.-Mil. Secy. 1897-9 ; Brig.- 
Gen. Khartum Campaign, 1898; Major-Gen. 
Infantry Brigade, Aldershot, 1899 ; Major-G^n. 
4th Infantry Brigade, S.A., 1899-1900; Lieut.- 
Gen. 2nd and 4th Divisions in the N.E. 
Transvaal, C.C., and O.R.C., commanding in 
NataJ, 1900-02; Lient. -Gen. commanding Trans- 
vaal and O.R.C. from 1902 to Feb. 1903, and 
commanded the troops inS.A. from thatdateuntil, 
under the new Army reorganization scheme, he 
retumed to England early in 1904 to become one 
of the two military members of the Cabinet 
Defence Committee. Gen. Ljrttelton saw active 
service in the Fenian raid in Canada in 1866 
(medal and cla^sp), Jowaki Expédition 1877 
(medal and clasp), Egyptian War 1882, when he 
was présent at Tel-el-Kebir (medal cuid clasp, 
bronze star, 4th class Osmanieh, brevet of Lieut.- 
Col. ), Khartum Expédition 1898, including the 
battle of Khartum (Egyptian medal and clcisp 
and medal, was promoted Major-Gen. and 
thanked by the Houses of ParUament). His 
fighting in the S.A. War, 1899-1902, in- 
cluded the campaign in Natal, the opérations in 
Eastem and N.E. Transvaal against de Wet, and 
the opérations on the Natal border (medal with 
clasps for Tugela Heights, Relief of Lady- 
smith, Laing's Nek, Belfast, C.C. and O.R.C. ; 
also the King's medal and two clasps) 
He was further promoted to Lient. -Gen., 
and made K. C. B . He was eight times mentioned 
in despatches and received the Good Service 
Reward. His other services abroad includes 
twelve years in India. Sir Neville married, Oct. 
1, 1883, Katharine Sara, dau. of the Rt. Hon. 
James Stuart Wortley. 

MAASDORP, G. H., M.L.A., was formerly 
member of the Cape Législative Council for the 
Midland Circle. At the gênerai élection in Feb. 
1904, he was retumed to the Lower House as 
member for GraafE-Reinet. He is a supporter 
of the Bond. 

MoCARTHY, James Abran, of Freetown, 
Sierra Leone, is of African parentage, and only 
son of J. B. McCarthy, J.P., N.J., a merchant 
of Freetown ; was educated at the Grammar 
Sch., Freetown, at Wesley Coll., Sheffield, Eng* ; 
and is Barrister-at-Law and Common Law 
Scholar of the Inner Temple (1879). He was 
appointed Queen's Advocate of Sierra Leone and 
Mem. of Exec. and Législative Councils and of 
the Board of Education of that Colony, 1889-95 ; 
was appointed Admiralty Advocate of Sierra 
Leone by the Lords Commissioners of the Ad- 
miralty ; Escheator of Sierra Leone, 1893 ; 
Acting Chief Justice, May to Sept., 1893, and 
May to Aug., 1894 ; Solicitor-Gen. Gold Coast 
Colony since 1895 ; and Acting Puisne Judge of 
the Gold Coast, 1895, 1898 and 1902 ; Acting 
Attomey-Gen., 1895 and 1899 ; sole Law Officer 
of the Crown, 1900 and 1902. When Queen*8 
Advocate he a^icompanied the Administrator, 
Maj. Crooks, on a spécial mission to Monrooia to 
congratulate Près. Cheeseman on his inaugura- 
tion, and received a Knight Commandership of 
the Liberian Order of AMcan Rédemption, but 
was not permitted to a^icept it. He married : 
first, Lillie, dau. of the late Councillor Vivian, o£ 
Hull, Eng. ; and second, Alice Maude, dau. of 
Surgeon-Major Davies (retired). 

McCLINTOCK, Capt. Feedebiok Whjjam» 
F. S. A., of Krugersdorp, and the West Rand Club, 
Krugersdorp, was bom at Dublin, Aug. 10, 1864. 
He is the eldest son of the late Lieut.-Col. T. E. 
McClintock, of the Army Pay Dept., andnephew 
of the famous Arctic explorer, AdmircJ Sir Leo- 
pold McClintock. Capt. McClintock was edu- 
cated at the Public High Sch„ Dublin, and 
proceeded to S.A. at the âge of 21, joinîng the 
Education Dept. of the Natal Civil Service. He 
subsequently took up an appointment in '^e 
Cape Forestry Dept. ; went to the Transvaal in 
1895, where he a^cted as secy. to some mining 
groups, cuid became identified with the Krugers- 
dorp branch of the S.A. League. At the ont- 
break of the late war he joined the Prince Alfred's 
Gu8irds as Sec. -Lient., this being the only per- 
manent Colonial Corps which is entitled to oarry 
its colours into action — a privilège obtained for 
the regt. by the late Duke of Eduiburgh, after 
whom it is named. At the close of hostûitieSy 
he retired with the permanent rank of Capt., in 
récognition of services rendered durîng tfae 
Anglo-Boer Wcur. He then retumed to ;the 
Transvaal, where he is engaged in seoretarial 
duties in connection with the Commission in- 
vestigating Burgher Claims upon the Impérial 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

Govt. He married» Aug. 10» 1896, Miss F. L* 
Soundy, dau. of J. 1?. Soundy, of Cradock, Cape 

MACFABLANE, Lieut.-Col. Geoboe James 
(Natal Carbineers), CM. G., J.P., of Bedlands, 
Maritzburg, and of the Victoria Club, P.M.B., 
was bom at Maritzburg June 6, 1855. He is son 
of John Macfarlane, late R.M. of Natal, and was 
educated at the High Sch., P.M.B. He served 
in the Zulu War in 1878-9, and was besieged in 
Ladysmith in 1900. He was May or of Maritz- 
burg, 1898-1902 ; Deputy-Mayor for that town, 
190a-3; and was made J.P. in 1902. Col. 
Macfarlane has taken keen interest in cricket, 
football and shooting, cuid possesses a âne col- 
lection of S.A. big g£tme. He married, Dec. 
1888, Mary Maria, dau. of Walter Ms/Cfarlane, 
late Speaker of the Natal Législative Council. 

MACKENZIE, Lieut. Hector Rose, of 
Johannesberg and the Natal Club, P.M.B. , 
is the eldest son of the late Alexander Mackenzie, 
Highland Clan historian and founder of *^ Celtic 
Magazine *' and " Scottish Highlander," Inver- 
ness, and Emma Sarah, eldest dau. of the late 
Thomas Whitaker Rose, of Bath. He was bom 
at Ipswich Feb. 25, 1867, and was educated at 
the Royal Aceulemy. Raining's Coll., Invemess, 
and Glasgow Univ. He commenced his busi- 
ness career as private secy. to the late Dr. 
Charles Frazer Mackintosh, M.P. for Invemess- 
shire. Passing his final examination as a Scots 
soliciter in 1899, he joined the clérical staff of 
Crofters' Commission for 12montlis, commencing 
practice as solicitor in Invemess in April, 1890. 
In 1896 he went to S.A. and entered joumalienn, 
passing successfully through various stages until 
he became S/Cting éditer of the ** South Airican 
Telegraph " (Cape Town). His other joumalistic 
positions include that of sub-editor and acting- 
editor of " The Press " (Pretoria) ; asst.-editor 
of the " Durban Star " ; asst.-editor, joint-editor 
and éditer of the " Cape Mercury " (King Wil- 
liam's Town) ; sub-editor, ** Cape Daily Tele- 
graph " (Port Elizabeth ) ; asst.-editor ** Cape 
Register " (Cape Town) ; sub-editor, " Times 
of Natal)" (Pietermaritzburg) ; and finally asst. 
news-editor, " Rand Daily Mail ** (Johannes- 
burg). On the outbreak of war he joined the 
Cape Town Highlanders as private and rose to 
the rank of corporal ; he served at Kuils River, 
Mulder*s Vlei, Tulbagh Road, Belmont, Douglas 
and Modder River. In Sept. 1900, he was ap- 
pointed Asst.-Manager at Mafeking of Western 
Division of the XmpericJ Transport Service. For 



some time dùring 1901 he was attacl 
Army Service Corps at Army Headq 
Pretoria as shorthand writer to the I 
Supplies. He is now Lieut. in the Ni 
Regt. and on the Reserve of OfË 
has the S.A. Wcur (Queen's) medal \ 
dasps. He is the author of " Ys/cl 
Electioneering in the Hébrides " and 
vemess " ; aJso of se ver al articles and 
Blackwood's Mag.," " Chambers' 
The Celtic Mag.," "The Cape ] 
Mag.," and other sériai publications, 
ried, July 19, 1892, Barbara Sutherla 
surviving dau. of John Andersen, late < 
Regt. of Foot (Highland Light Infantr^ 
one dau., Jcuiet Dorothy Rose, bom Juj 

MACKENZIE, Wuxiam Cossai 
F.R.S. Edin., Impérial Order of the 
(3rd class), of Ghizeh, Egypt ; the 
Cromer ; cuid the Royal Societiee (Lon 
(Edin.), and Turf (Cairo) Clubs, was 
15, 1866. He is third son of A. D. 
J.P., of Edinburgh ; was educated . 
Watson's Coll., Edin., and at the £ 
Strassburg, and Halle a. S. Univs. Afi 
Halle Univ. in 1891, he was appointe* 
in Agricultural Chemistry at the Dui 
of Science, Newcastle-on-Tjme. In I 
he was appointed Lecturer on G 
Analytical Chemistry at the Ghizeh Aj 
Coll., and became Principal of that ins 
June 1896. In 1902 he was appointée 
of the Polytechnic Sch. of Engineering 
Egyptian Ministry of Public Instructi 
thèse institutions are still under Dr. 
He married, June 27, 1902, Marian, y^i 
of Samuel Gumey Sheppard, of Legga 

MACKINNON, Maj.-Gen. Henb^ 
C.B., of 15, Ovington Sq., Lond., S.\ 
the Guards', Travell^»', cmd Union Cl 
second son of W. A. MacKinnon, 3 
of the Clan. He was bom in LondoE 
1852, and educated at Harrow. He 
Grenadier Guards Jan. 22, 1870, and 
Military Secy. at Malta June, 1884- 
1885 ; Private Secy., Mculras, July, Il 
1898. On the formation of the C. 
Mackinnon a^sumed conmiand, which 1: 
throughout the regiment's service in I 
married, Dec. 14, 1881, Miss Hatton, d 
Hatton, of the Grenadier Gu£u:ds. 

MACRORIE, RiGHT Rev. William ] 
D.D., D.C.L., of the Collège, Ely, is 1 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

David Macrorie, M.D. (Edin.), and was bom 
Feb. 8» 1832, at Liverpool. He was educated at 
Winchester and Brasenose Coll., Oxon. He 
graduated M.A. and D.D. of Oxon., D.C.L. of 
the Univ. of the South, Tennessee, and M.A. of 
the Cape Univ. ; Huhneian Exhibitioner, 1854. 
From 1855-58 he was Fellow of St. Peter's Coll., 
Radley ; 1858-60 he was Curate of Deane, 
Lancs. ; from 1860-61 he was Vicar of Wingater ; 
from 1861-66 he was Hector of Wapping ; and 
from 1866-68, Vicar of Accrington. In 1869 he 
went to S.A. as Bishop of Maritzburg, re- 
tcdning the appointment until 1892, when he 
left S.A. to become Canon of Ely. In his 
e€irly life he was a well known oarsman and 
fond of fishing and fîves. At the présent time his 
principe^ outdoor récréation is croquet. On 
April 9, 1863, he married Agnes, dau. of William 
Watson, of South Hill, Liverpool. 

MACSHERRY, Right Rev. Hugh, Catholic 
Bishop and Viccu* Apostolic of the Eastem Prov. 
of the Cape of Good Hope, of St. Augustine*s 
Church, Port Elizabéth, and Bishop's House, 
Beaufort St., Grahamstown ; is the son of 
Arthur MïicSherry, of Loughgilly, county Ar- 
magh, Ireland. He w€is bom at Loughgilly 
Feb. 1, 1852, and w€is educated at the Diocesan 
Seminary, Armagh, and at Paris, aad took the 
degree of D.D. He was ordained Feb. 7, 1875, 
and for 21 yeaxs laboured in varions parishes of 
lus native diocèse. In 1893 he was appointed 
Administrator of Dundalk ; was nominated by 
Pope Léo XIII. Titular Bishop of Justinian- 
opolis, and was consecrated by His Eminence 
Cardinal Logue on Aug. 2, 1896. Since then he 
has been actively engaged in the administration 
and development of the différent missions con- 
fided to his spiritual care. In 1 896 he was elected 
as cofiwijutor to the Right Rev. Dr. St. Strobino. 
About 1897 he proceeded to S.A., where those 
qualities which hâve endeared him so genercJly 
in Ireland quickly made themselves felt in hiis 
new sphère of labour. His courtesy, his strength 
of résolve, and breadth of view, and his con- 
tagions zeal for work ail hâve stamped him £is 
eminently fitted to fill with honour to himself and 
the cause of religion the responsible office he was 
appointed to occupy by the Holy See. He was 
mentioned in his last dispatch (June 21, 1902) 
by Lord Kitchener for services to the Army 
Chaplain's Dept. in S.A. 

MAGUIRE, James Rochfort, M. A., of 3, 
Cleveland Square, London, W., was bom in 
1855, and was educated at Cheltenham and 

Oxford Univ. He was ocdied to the Bar 
of the Inner Temple in 1883, and represented 
N. Donegal in the House of Commons from 1890 
to 1892, when he was elected for West Clare. 
His Pcurliamentary career closed in 1895, and 
some years later, at the instigation of Mr. Rhodes, 
he undertook, in company with Messrs. C. D. 
Rudd and F. R. Thompson (q.v.), a mission to 
Lobengula, and obtained from that chief the 
concession ceding the minerai rights over the 
whole of his territories. This concession w^s 
ultimately taken over by the Chartered Co., of 
which Mr. Maguire became a Director. He is 
also on the directorate of the Consolidated Gold- 
fîelds of South Afrioa, and the Exploration Co. 
He married a dau. of Lord Peel. 

MALAN, François Stephanus, M.L.A. 
(Mahnsbury), of Schoongezicht Kloof St., Cape 
Town, is the son of Daniel G. Malan, of Leeuwen- 
jacht, Paarl, and is descended from French 
Huguenot stock, Jacques Malan, his direct an- 
cestor having landed in S.A. in 1689. Bom 
Mar. 12, 1871, in the district of the Paarl, he waa 
educated at Paarl ; Victoria Coll., Stellenbosoh ; 
and Camb., graduating B. A. (Science) Cape Univ.; 
also LL.B. Camb. Admitted as an Advocate 
of the Suprême Court, C.C., Aug., 1895. Ap- 
pointed éditer, Nov. 15, 1895, of " Ons Land,'* 
one of the leading Dutch newspapers in CLC. 
Elected unopposed M.LrA. for Maimesbuzy in 
succession to the Hon. W. P. Schreîner, Sept., 
1900 ; re-elected Feb., 1904 ; was convioted for 
publishing defamatory libel on Qen, French» 
April 19, 1901, cmd sentenced to twelve months* 
imprisonment without hard labour. He ÎB one 
of the most prominent politicians of the S.Au 
party, and commands a very large following 
among the Dutch. Married to l^g» Johanna 
Brummer, Sept. 21, 1897. 

MALLESON, Pebcy Rodbabd, of the Wil- 
lows, Hex River, C.C, and of the Civil Service 
Club, Cape Town, was bom at Wimbledon» Sur- 
rey, in 1867 ; was educated at Univ. ColL Sch.» 
Lond., €md Hertford ColL, Oxon. ; was sub- 
agent on Lord Sudeley's fruit farms in 1889-90 ; 
County Council Lecturer on Fruit Growing, 
1891-2 ; went to S.A. in 1892, and assisted in 
starting the ôrst Itirge fruit fcum in C.C, and in 
inaugurating the fruit export trade to Eng. He 
is now Managing Director of the Cape Orohaid 
Co., of Hex River ; Mem. of Western Prov. Hor- 
ticiiltural Board, the Royal Agricultoral Soo. of 
Eng., the Royal Hortioultural Soo. of Rng.» 
and the Royal Colonialinst. During the laie 8.A. 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

Wcur he served as an officer of the Hex River 
D.M.T., and as Colonial Mem. of the Proteoted 
Horses Board, W. Dist. He marrîed, in 1896, 
Béatrice Mary, dau. of H. W. Struben, of 
Cape Town, cmd Pretoria. 

MANLEY, Francis Hubebt, of Alexcmdria ; 
of Spofforth H€bIl,Yorks., and of the Khedivial 
Club, Alexandria ; is grandson of the 19th Lord 
Hourton ood son of G^. Manley, of Spofforth 
Hall, Yorks., where he was bom in 1872. He 
was educated at Ampleforth Coll., near York, and 
acts as Reuter's and Lloyds* Agent at Alexandria. 

MANNING, Bbioadieb-Gen. William Hbnby, 
of the Naval and Military Club, was bom July 
19, 1863, in England, and was educated at Cam- 
bridge, and the Royal Military ColL, Sandhurst. 
Gen. Manning entered the Army in Aug. of 1886, 
and served in the Burmese War of 1887-89, and 
in the Miranzai and Hazara Expéditions of 1891. 
He proceeded to Central Africa in 1893 and was 
promoted Brevet-Major and then Brevet-Lieut.- 
Col. for the eminent services he rendered in 
Central Africa and Northern Rhodesia. He 
was made Deputy Commissioner and Comdt. 
of the troops in Central Africa, 1897-1901, and 
aoted as Conunissioner and (Jonsul-Gen. from 
Dec. 1897 to Dec. 1898, and from July 1900, to 
Apiril 1901. Gen. Mcuming was appointed 
Inspector-Gen. of the King's Afrioan Rifles, Cet. 
1901, and it was undoubtedly owine to the great 
services he rendered in Central Airica that he 
soon after was given the command of the Somali- 
land Field Force, which post he filled from Nov. 
1902 to July 1903. He had many diffîculties 
to contend with, owing chiefly to want of trans- 
port and water. In spite of a serious reverse his 
subordinate. Col. Plunkett, sustained, his ser- 
vices were retained after Gen. Egerton was ap- 
pointed to the suprême command. Since then 
he has been doing good work, and has greatly 
added to his alreàdy high réputation in oulitary 
cirdes. General Manning is immarried. 

MARAIS, EuGENB, was formerly éditer of the 
Dutch paper " Land en Volk,*' in which he con- 
sistently and patriotically raised his voice in 
support of a puie and enlightened Govt., 
and spared no one in the exposure of abuses, 
notably in the jyynaxxdte case, when he accused 
Mr. J. M. A. Woîmarans of accepting a bribe of 
le, per case (estimated at that time to amount to 
nearly £10,000 per an.) on dynamite as a con- 
sidération for nia support in the Executive 

Coimcil of which he was a member. This cl 
was not denied. Then there was the case o 
successfully sustaining his alleged libel that 
Kriiger had defrauded the State by chai 
heavy travelling expenses for a certain tri] 
which he was actually the guest of the ( 
ColonieJ Govt. Subsequently (in 1893-4) 
exposure of thefts of Govt. stores by Landd 
Kock, a satellite of the Elruger régime, at 
forced a private investigation, though the ( 
was not eJlowed to be brought before the coi 
of the country. At the time of the Raid, wl 
matters heul assumed their most threaten 
appearance, Mr. Marais and Mr. Mcdan hastex 
to Johannesburg fully authorized by the Exe 
tive to confer with the Reform Conunittee anc 
possible to avert a conflict. Thèse genUen 
were successf ul in so far as they persuaded t 
Committee to appoint représentatives to txi 
with a commission in Pretoria having for : 
object the removal of some of the chief grievanc 
of the Uitlanders. 

member of the Cape Législative Assembly for tl 
électoral division of Stellenbosch, for which l 
was re-elected in Feb., 1904, in the Bond iz 

MARKHAM, Abthub Basil, M.P., of Stuffyn 
wood Hall, Mansfield, was bom in 1867, and ha 
represented Meoisfield in the Libéral interee 
since 1900. He is chiefly notoriotis for hii 
antagonism to Rand capitalists, and for having 
in the course of a speech in the House of Gom- 
mons made charges against Messrs. Wemher, 
Beit & Co. of crinmial misconduct with référence 
to their ânancial opérations, and declaring that 
they were nothing more nor less than swindlers. 
Mr. Markham repeated thèse statements outside 
the privileged precincts of the House, whereupon 
Messrs. Wemher, Beit & Co. instituted libel pro- 
ceedings. Mr. Markham, however, unreservedly 
withdrew and apologized for the charges, whicJb 
he admitted were without foundation. He 
mcurried, in 1898, a dau. of Capt. Cunningham. 

MARKS, Capt. Claude Laubie, D.S.O., of 11» 
Curzon St., Mayfair ; the Rectory Farm, Streat- 
ley, Berks, and of the Junior Naval and Military 
and Impérial Service Clubs, is the youngest scm 
of the Rev. Professer D. W. Marks. He was 
bom Dec. 11, 1864, and was educated at Univ. 
Coll. Sch. Capt. Marks saw muoh active service 
in S.A. in 1880, 1881, and 1884, and was largaly 
instrumental in the formation of a oompany oi 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

Impérial Yeomanry (14th Battn.)» which did 
exceedingly well throughout the récent Anglo- 
Boer War, in connection with which he was déco- 
rated with the D.S.O. He married, Feb. 1, 1887, 
C€UTie, eldest dau. of A. HoSnung, late Chargé 
d' Affaires at the Court of St. James. 

MARE18, Capt. Harry Hananel, J.P., of 
Callis Court, St. Peter's, Kent ; 6, Cavendish 
Sq., W. ; and of the Carlton, Automobile, and 
Royal Cinque Ports Yacht Clubs, was bom in 
London, April, 1855 ; is son of the Rev. Prof. 
Marks, of Univ. Coll., and was educated at that 
coll. and at the Athénée Royal of Brussels. Mr. 
Marks is the f ounder and ecQtor of the great City 
dcûly paper, " The Financial News " ; is Chair- 
man of the Argus Printing Co., and Ômi. of the 
Royal Orthopaedic Hospital. He represented 
East Marylebone on the London County Council, 
1889-92, and St. George's-in-the-East, 1895-8. 
He contested North-East Bethnal Green in the 
Conservative interest in 1892, and represented 
St. George's Div. of the Tower Hamlets in Par- 
liament from 1895 to 1900. He is J.P. for the 
county of Kent, and commands the Ist C.B. the 
Bufîs (Eaat Kent Regt.). . He married, in 1884, 
Annie Estella, dau. of William Benjamin, of 

MARKS, Samuel, of Zwartkoppies, near 
Pretoria, Transvaal, and of Threadneedle House, 
Bishopsgate Street Within, E.C., is one of the 
chief partners of the firm of Lewis & Marks, of 
London and Pretoria. From very modest 
beginnings Mr. Marks established a big position 
in the Kimberley diamond fields, which, how- 
ever, he left in 1881 for the Transvaal Republic. 
From the first he was persona grata with Mr. 
Kriiger, and it was no doubt partly owing to 
his influence with the ex-President, added to 
his natural endowments, that he was enabled 
to assist in building up so rapidly the immense 
interests which the firm now has in S.A. 
Concessions for the exclusive manufa<ïture of 
spirituous liquors, préserves, etc., were S/Cquired, 
and kept up more as a hobby than as a source 
of profit ; coal properties were developed on a 
large scale, agriculture was encouraged, and 
of course mining interests in gold and diamonds, 
€Uid the possession of real estate swelled the list 
of the finn's main enterprises. Mr. Marks him- 
self is on the Boards of the Schuller Diamond 
Mines, Vereeniging Estâtes, Transvaal Consoli- 
dated Coal Mines, Great Eastern CoUieries, 
East Rand Mining Estâtes, Geduld Proprietary 
Mines, Modderfontein Proprietary Mines, and 

the Grootvlei Prospecting Synd. He is credited 
with being the shrewdest judge of character in 

MARSHALL, Francis, of 2, Chesham Place, 
W., was formerly in the Russian trade at St. 
Petersburg, where he lived for fourteen years, and 
is now a director of severàl leading S.A. Cos., 
including the Estate, Finance and Mines, the 
Elandsfontein Deep and the Eurckfrioan Cos. He 
is quite a well-known golf er, and married a slster 
of the présent Lord Basing. 

MARSHALL, Hon. John Edwin, Judge of 
the Egyptian Native Courts of First Instance ; 
of El Kom, Bulkeley, Ramleh, Alexandria; is 
the eldest son of the late William MarshaU, 
Soliciter, of Durham and West Hartlepool, and 
grandson of the late John Edwin Marshall, of 
Durham, Soliciter and Registrar of the Sunder- 
land County Court. He was bom Mar. 3, 1864, 
near West Hartlepool, and was educated at the 
Durham Sch. Judge Mcffshàll was artlcled in 
Jan. 1881, to Mr. Thomas Cousins, J.P., Solicitor, 
of Portsmouth, and passed the solicitors' final 
examination in July, 1886. He became a mem- 
ber of the Middle Temple on Oct. 26, 1886, and 
was called to the Bar on Nov. 18, 1889. Hé 
went to Egypt in Nov. 1890, and was in practioe 
before the British Consular Courts and the In- 
ternational Tribunals for seven years, and in 
Dec. 1897, was appointed a Jndge in tiie 
Egyptian Native Courts of First Instance. At 
the time of the appointment he was a member of 
the Bar Council of the International Tribunals, 
and also occupied the position of Treasurer to 
that body. He was Senior Légal Adviser to the 
British Chamber of Commerce in Egjrpt, a oor- 
respondent of the London Chamber of Conimeroe, 
and was dosely identified with the formation of 
the jurisprudence relating to the protection of 
Trade Marks and Patents in Egjrpt. He was 
appointed in June, 1903, by the Minister of FubHo 
Instruction, Exeuniner in the Law relating to 
Civil and Commercial Procédure at the Scnool 
of Law in Cairo. He married, Jan., 1888, ^bm 
dau. of the late Wm. Best. 

MARSHALL-HOLE, Huoh, B.A., of Bnl»- 
wayo, and the Bulawayo and Salisbury Chifas, 
was bom at Tiverton, Devon, May 16, 186S. 
He is son of Charles Marshall-Hole, of Tivertoo, 
€md grandson of the late Dr. Medhuist, pioiieer 
missionary in China. He was educated at 
Blimdell's Sch., and Balliol ColL, Oxon., wfaeM 
he graduated B.A., and took Honoan In Final 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

Soh. of Law in 1887. He joined the service of 
the B.S.A. Co. in April, 1390 ; was transferred 
to Mashonaland in 1891, and has served in 
vfltrious civil cap€Msities in S. Bhodesia from that 
time. Duiing the Matabele Rébellion of 1896 
he served as Lieut. in the Bhodesia Horse (medal)» 
and he also served as Capt. in the S. Khodesia 
Volunteers during the late S.A. War (medal and 
clasp^ . In 1901 he was sent on a spécial mission 
to Arabia to report on and organize Arab labour 
for Rhodesian mines. He now occupies the 
position of Civil Commissioner, Bulawayo, and 
Government Représentative in Matabeleland, 
and in 1903 was temporarily appointed Acting- 
Administrator of N.W. Rhodesia in the absence 
of Mr. R. T. Coryndon. He married, in 1890, 
Ethel, dau. of the late P. Rickman, of Poole, 

MASTER, Brevet-Major (Local Lieut. -Col.) 
Richard Cecester, of ScJisbury, Rhodesia, and 
the Army and Navy Club ; was bom at Ciren- 
cester, Aug. 29, 1870 ; is eldest son of Col. T. W. 
Chester Master, of the Abbey, Cirencester, and 
of Ejiole Park, Almondsbury, Glos., and was 
educated at Harrow, and Christ Church, Oxon. 
He served as Liôut. in the 4th Gloucester Militia 
from 1890 to 1893, when he was gazetted to the 
King*s Royal Rifles. He was A.D.C. to H.E. 
the High Commissioner for S.A. (then Sir 
Alfred Milner) from 1898 to 1900, and served in 
the S.A. War in 1899 and 1900 as Capt. in Rim- 
ington's Corps of Guides, afterwards (in 1901) 
raising and commanding the Western Province 
Mounted Rifles for the Cape Colonial Defence 
Force. Capt. Chester Mcuster was mentioned in 
despatches, received a brevet majority and medal 
with six clasps. He received his présent ap- 
pointment as Commandant-Gen. of the Police 
Forces of S. Rhodesia with local rank of Lieut.- 
Col. in Sept., 1901. Col. Chester Master is fond 
of ail field sports, and was Master of the Cape 
Hunt aub Foxhounds from 1897 to 1901. He 
married, Aug., 1901, Géraldine, eldest dau. of 
John Hungerford Arkwright, Lord-Lieut. of 
Herefordshire, of Hampton Court, Heref ordshire. 

MATHERS, Edward P., F.R.G.S., F.G.S., of 
6, Queen's Gâte Terrace, S.W., and of the 
Thatohed House, Royal Societies, Colonial, 
Caledonian, and Lnperial Colonies Clubs, is the 
second son of the late David Mathers, newspaper 
proprietor, of Edinburgh. He was bom at 
Edinbuivh on Aug. 19, 1850, and was educated 
at the High Sch., Edinburgh, and Edinburgh 
Institution. Mr. Mathem followed the pro- 

fession of an EngUsh joumalist until 18' 
when he migrated to S. A., where he commenc 
work on a paper in Durban, and at the sai 
time acted as représentative of a London dai 
paper and also of " The Scotsman." He w 
there at the time of the Zulu ceunpaign and r 
mained in S.A. for ten years. To him is largel 
due the pubUcity which has so greatly contr 
buted to the enormous development of the S.i 
Fields. It was in 1883 and 1884 that the nei« 
of the discoveries of gold in the De Kaap Distric 
roused enormous interest throughout S.A 
With a small party of explorers he found hi 
way through an unknown and unhealthy regioi 
to the new Gold Fields, proceeding by stectmei 
to Lourenço Marques, whence they plunged intc 
the interior and began their perilous joumey. 
The diffîculties of the task were vividly described 
in his letters to the " Natal Mercury," for which 
he was acting as SpecicJ Commissioner. Many 
of the party died upon the way, but Mr. Mathers 
retained his good health despite the trials of the 
joumey and the privations it was necessary to 
undergo. Arrived at the gold fields, Mr. Mathers 
pursued his busy career in connection with mining 
and financial joumalism, spreading the know- 
ledge of the early discoveries. His letters 
naturally attraxïted a large amount of attention, 
and were subsequently coUected and published 
under the title of a " Trip to Moodie's '^ in 1884. 
The rush to the Barberton District continued 
until 1887. Then, when the Rand began to claim 
attention, Mr. Mathers revisited De Kaap and 
the Rand and wrote a further séries of letters 
which hâve been published in an interesting 
volume entitled " Goldfields Revisited, 1887." 
In the f ollowing year he lef t for London. He had 
come to the conclusion that the Transvaal was 
going to be a great mining centre, and that as 
its capital for the development of the mines must 
come from England, it was necessary to bring 
London into doser touch with S.A. His chief 
intention was to organize a newspaper in London 
in the interests of S.A., and retuming to England 
he started the journal known as ^^ South Afrioa.*' 
He has been more than a joumcdist, however, 
he has travelled and explored a good deal in 
S.A., and has shown in a remarkable way th» 
possession of the fa>culty of foresight. His paper 
has been very successful ; he has written 
'' Golden South Africa " and " Zambesia " ; he 
founded the South African Dinner, which haa 
proved a useful and popular eumual function in 
London. Mr. Mathers is thoroughly imperiaUstic, 
and having a hearty distrust of Boer metbods, 
he foretold long before the war againot Krâger 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

the inevitableneBs of a final and deeperate con- 
fiict with the Boers. Since the starting of his 
paper he has paid many visite to S.A., and was 
there at the outbreak of hostilities, having a 
narrow eecape of being locked up in Leulysmith. 
He has a fine S.A. Library, and at his 
résidence he has some fine pictures of S.A. 
Among his ouriosities is the skull of a hippo- 
potamus which was shot by him on the Pungwe 
River, and a battle-axe given to him by Um- 
bandine, the Swazie king. He is a Director of 
the Swazieleuid Corporation, and in addition to 
the books alreculy mentioned, he has published 
" South Afrioa, and How to Reach it " (1889), and 
" The Story of ' South Africa ' Newspaper and 
îts Founder " (1903). He married, Aug. 6, 1885, 
Mary Augusta, eldest dau. of R. H. Powys, of 
North Dene, Natal. 

MATHESON, Grevillb Ewino, of Tan-y- 
bryn, Lower Road, Harrow-on-the-Hill, and of 
the Savage Club, was bom at Soham, Cctmbs. He 
is the eldest son of the late Rev. D. L. Matheson, 
of Wolverhcunpton, and great-grandson of the 
late Rev. D. Greville Ewing, of Glasgow ; and 
was educated at Tettenhall Coll., Stcâordshire, 
and privately. He has been on the staff of 
Donald Currie & Co., managers of the Union- 
Castle Line, since 1883 ; has been Hon. Secy. of 
the Anglo-African Writers* Club since its incep- 
tion in 1895 ; Joint Editor of " The Hampstead 
Annual " since 1899, and has published ** About 
Holland " (1894), and (under nom de plume of 
M. E. Greville) " From Veld and Street ; Rhymes 
more or less South African *' (1899), and numerous 
articles and verses in varions newspapers, etc. 
His récréations are golf, gardening and novel 
reading. He married, in 1887, Emily Elizabeth, 
dau. of the late Thomcus Pugh, of Fen-y-lan, 

MATHIAS, Capt., — ., D.S.O., of Krugers- 
dorp, went up to the Rand in the early days, 
where he has been associated with the Robinson, 
Crown Reef and other mines. He distinguished 
himself £is a Squadron Commander of the Im- 
périal Light Horse in the attack on Waggon Hill, 
Jan. 6, 1900. In 1902 he was appointed Asst.- 
■Commissioner of Police for the West Rcuid. 

MATTHEWS,r)B. JosiAH Wright, F.R.G.S., 
of Johannesburg, and of the Civil Service (C.T.), 
Gold Fields (Johannesburg), and Junior Conser- 
vative (Lond.) Clubs, w€is bom in 1841 at York, 
Eng., where he was educated privately, and 
«tudied medicine there and at Glasgow. Late 

in 1864 he sailed to Durban in médical charge of 
an emigrant ship, and obtained an appointooent^ 
in the Natal Govt. Med. Service and a lacrative 
private practice. In 1871, however, he took a 
trip to India, and retuming to England, grada* 
ated M.D. at Aberdeen. Dr. Matthews c^orUy 
retumed to Nated, but was attracted by the new 
El Dorado and practised his profession at Kim- 
berley. When the Cape Législative Counoil 
was constituted he was retumed as senior mem- 
ber, becoming Vice-Pres. of the Coundl. T^th 
eumexation, Kimberley bectune an Electoral 
Division of the C.C, and in 1881 the doctor 
entered the Cape Assembly, resigning after the 
spécial session of 1883. Reoovering from m 
serions accident, he toured the Transvaal ; took 
another trip home ; engaged in a vislt to Americay 
and went up to the I^md in 1889. He becaine 
member of the Johannesburg Sanitary Board In 
1892, and took an importent part in public and 
social life. 

Dr. Matthews published in Ammca in 1887 
"Incwadi Yami^* (My Book) or "Twenty 
Years' Personal Expérience in Soutih: AÊâcct." 
He has lectured considerably before Rand gather- 
ings, cmd euldressed big audiences at the Chicago 
Exhibition in 1893 on S.A. afEairs. He is an 
enthusiastic collector of curios, objecte of vertu, 
coins, medals, etc., and was awaided a bronze y 
medal by the Ejmberley South Africcui and Iny 
temationaJ Exhibition of 1892. He married»^ 
1867, Lucy Virginia, fifth dau. of Dr. lôndley, an 
American pioneer missionary in S.A. who gave 
his name to a town in the O.R.C 

MAVROGÔRDATO, Theodobbj ETHarois, 
J.P., F.R.G.S., of Johannesburg ; son of Stephen 
Mavrogordato and Lanny née Sarell ; was bom 
at Constantinople in 1861, and was edù^ted in 
Berlin. He joined the Cyprus service m^ Jan.» 
1881 ; Asst.-Inspector of Cyprus Military Police, 
1883 ; Inspecter of same, 1884 ; had charge of 
Spécial PoUce Force, 1895 ; became Local Com- 
mandant, Asst.-Commis8ioner, €k>vemor of 
Prison and Deputy Coroner June 7, 1895 ; Act- 
ing Commissioner, Papho, 1897 ; Acting Com- 
missioner, Limassol, 1900 ; transferred to Trans- 
vaal service Nov. 4, 1901, becoming Asst. -Com- 
missioner of Police and J.P., Johannesburg. He 
married, in 1886, Ethel Constcmce, eldest dan. 
of the late Rev. Joseph Kenworthy, Rector of 
Ashworth, Yorks. 

MAXWELL-HIBBERD, Chablks, Post- 
master-Gen. of Pietermaritzburg, NatsJ, and of 
the Victoria Club, Maritzburg, is the son of 


Anglo-African Who's Who 


the late Cheurles Hibberd, of Ventnor, I.W., and 
grandson of the late William Hibberd, of Har- 
bridge, Hanta ; was bom at Bryantspuddle, 
Dorsetshire, and entered the Electric & Inter- 
national Telegraph Ck>. in 1867 ; stationed at 
Ventnor, I.W., he had the advantage of serving 
under Mr. W. H. Preece (now Sir W. H. Preece) 
until 1870. Then, when the British Govt. took 
over the telegraphs, he was engaged in giving 
instruction in telegraphy at vcurious post-offîces 
in England, and during the Franoo-Grerman War 
aoted as private telegraphist to the late Lord 
Granville, then Foreign Minister, at Wakner 
Castle, Deal. At the close of the war Mr. Max- 
well-Hibberd was attached to the Engineering 
Dept. of the Central Telegraph Office, G.P.O., 
London, as a Junior Engineering Inspecter, 
where he remained until Jan. 1, 1885, when he 
was appointed a Second Class Asst.-Surveyor 
eut of some 900 applioants. As an Asst.-Sur- 
veyor (or Inspecter) of the G.P.O., Mr. Maxwell- 
Hibberd was att£U)hed to the South WcJes Dis- 
trict, where he obtaîned a thorough knowledge 
of the organization of the postal and telegraph 
services of the country . He did much good work 
in revising the pod^ services of South Wales, 
and in 1894 was promoted over severcd of 
his seniors to a First Class Asst.-Surveyorship. 
This promotion necessitated his trcmsfer to 
another district, aad he then went to North 
Wales, where he worked until Nov., 1900, when 
at his own request he was transferred to the 
North- Western Postal District of England. In 
April, 1903, he was appointed Postmaster-Gen. 
of Natal. He married, Oct. 1876, Mary Jane, 
dau. of the late W. Wm. Sheppard, of Tunbridge 

MAY, Col. William Allan, R.A.M.C., C.B., 
of 1, Nelson Gardens, Stoke Damerel, Devon, 
and the Army and Navy Club, is the son of 
Joseph May, F.B.C.S. Eng., of Stoke Damerel. 
He was bom Sept. 18, 1850, at Devonport, 
Devon, and was educated at the Gram. Sch., 
Tavistock, Devon, €Uid Guy's Hospital Med. 
Soh., London. On Sept. 24, 1874, Col. May 
joined the Army Médical Service, and was pro- 
moted Lieut.-Col. Royal Army Médical Corps 
Sept. 30, 1894, and Col. March 22, 1903. He was 
Principal Médical Offioer 8th Div. of the Field 
Force, S.A., from Jan., 1900, to end of campcûgn, 
May 30, 1902, ^th local rank of Col. He was 
mentioned in despatohes, C.B. (1902) and has 
the Queen*s medal with three clasps (C.C, 
Wittebergen, Transvaal) and King's medal 
with two clasps (S.A. 1901, S.A. 1902). 

He was appointed Principal Médical Offioex 
Natal, Aug., 1902, with local rank of Col., an( 
Principal Médical Offioer, Egypt, May, 1903 
Col. May is a M.R.C.S. Eng., and L.S.A. H( 
married, Feb. 3, 1896, Cecîlia Adèle Aloise, dau 
of the late Gustav A. B. C. von Ohlhaffen. 

MAYDON, John George, M.L.A., J.P., of 
Seaâeld, Lower Muzimkulu, Natal ; of Nethuley, 
Maritzburg, Natal ; and of the Durban, Victoria 
(P.M.B.), John Carpenter, and Junior Constitu- 
tional Clubs, was bom Oct. 14, 1857 ; is only son 
of the late John Maydon, of Salden, Bucks ; was 
educated at City of London Sch., and went to 
Natal in 1878 in order to take part in the Zulu 
War, through which he served with the Coast 
column. On the establishment of responsible 
govt. in Natal in 1893 he was elected M.L.A. for 
Durban County. Visiting England in 1897 he 
did not seek re-election ; spent two years in 
travel and the study of the racial problem, be- 
coming an ardent advocate for war as the only 
means of solving the question of British su- 
premacy in S.A. On war being dedared, he 
offered his services to the military authorities. 
Thèse were not accepted, and he becctme cor- 
respondent of the " Daily News," being first with 
Lord Methuen. After Magersfontein he joined 
Gen. French, with whom he was at the relief of 
Kimberley, and the captures of Cronje and Bloem- 
fontein, receiving a scalp wound at Driefontein. 
Retuming to Natal in April, 1901, he was re- 
elected to the Assembly as member for Durban 
Boro* in succession to Sir John Robinson, and 
worked to secure a more vigorous development 
of NatcJ's resources. Upon the résignation of 
the Hime Ministry in 1903 he joined the Sutton 
Administration as Colonial Secy. 

Mr. Maydon is the author of a short a/ccount 
of the early opérations of the S.A. War entitled 
" French's Cavalry Campaign.*' He married : 
first, a dau. of the late D. King ; and second, 
Dorothy Isabella, eldest dau. of the late I. L. 
Cope, of Highlands, Natal. 

MEINTJES, L. S., was bom in 1868 in Aber- 
deen, C.C, and is descended, as his name indi- 
cates, from one of the old Dutch families who 
originally colonized the Cape Peninsula. He 
went up to Johannesburg in 1891, and first took 
to cyolmg about that time, his first performance 
on the track being made on the Wanderers' Club 
ground, when he won the only three open évente. 
His times were so good that the club committee 
deoided to send him to Eng. and America. He 
arrived in Eng. in April, 1893, cmd beat àll the 



Anglo-African Who's Who 

English records for one and two miles and from 
seven to 25 miles, and from a ûying start he held 
the records for three, four and five miles. He 
was also the fîrst to cover 24 miles within the 
hour. The times of his records were as foUows — 

(Beating Sanger's per- 
formance by 4^ sec.)« 
Meule at Heme Hill, 
June 29, 1893. 
(Heme Hill, June 15, 
( 1893, against time. 

1 mile 2 min. 94 sec. • 






























































I Brixton Cup Reice, 
j July 8, 1893. 

.Heme Hill, July, 11, 
1893, agamst time. 

* Then generally recognized as the Ten Miles' 
Championship of Engkmd. 

MEraELLES, ViscouNT De (eee De Meirelles) 

MEIRING, JoHANNES Henbious, M.L.C, J.P., 
of Northdene, Aliwal St., Bloemfontein, «md of 
the United Service Club, and Bamblers' Club, 
Bloemfontein, is descended from a French 
refugee family who âed to Hollcuid after the 
revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1684, his 
direct descendant, Amoldus Mauritius Meiring, 
having gone to the Cape as minister of the D.R. 
Church at Tulbagh, C.C, in 1734. The subject 
of our sketch is the son of J. W. H. Meiring, 
Mayor of Woroester, C.C, where Mr. J. H. 
Meiring was bom Oct. 22, 1849. He was edu- 
cated in that town ; was Headmsister of the 
Grovt. Sch. at Murraysdorp, C.C, in 1872, and 
in 1881 went to the O.F.S. as Secy. to the Min- 
ing Board at Jagersfontein, where he subse- 
quently entered the Free State Civil Service eus 
Public Prosecutor to the Specied Court for the 
trial of I.D.B. cesses, eus well as to the Magistrates' 
Court. In 1886 he beoame Lemddrost, Clerk etnd 

Public Prosecutor at Harrismith, and in 1880 
when the O.F.S. entered into a Customs Unioii 
with the C.C, he was appointed Col{ector of 
Customs of the State. He attended the Customs 
Conférences of 1896 emd *98. He retained thû 
appointment until the British occupation on 
Metr. 13, 1900. Seven days later, however» he 
was reinstated by Lord JEloberts, and on the 
militeuy régime being superseded by civil govt.» 
his position as Collecter of Customs for the O.R.C. 
was confirmed by Lord Milner. In 1902 Mr. 
Meiring was nominated a member of the Légis- 
lative Council for the O.R.C, and he took part 
in the Customs Conférence in 1903 as Customs 

From 1883 to 1894 he was J.P. for the re- 
spective districts in which he held office, aïKi 
from the latter year heis been a J.P. for the whole 
Colony. He married, Jan. 30, 1872, Anna C.» 
dau. of J. G. de Wet, of Worcester, C.C 

MEIRING, Rev. Pieteb Gebhabd Jagobub, 
Dutch Reformed Minister, of Joubert's Park, 
Johannesburg, is the youngest son of J. W. H. 
Meiring, J.P., of C.C, who for a considérable 
number of years weis Mayor of Worcester. He 
W£tô bom Dec. 20, 1866, at Worcester, C.C,. and 
was educated at the Public Sch., Worcester ; the 
Victoria Coll., and the Theological Seminary, 
Stellenbosch, emd ia a B.A. of the Cape Univ., 
Cape Town. He is Scriba of the Gen. Assem. 
of the D.R- Church, Transvewil, and is joint- 
editor of the *' Vereeniging," the oflScial orgetn 
of the Church ; is an able writer, an éloquent 
preebcher, eind exercises considérable influence. 
He meirried, Nov. 23, 1902, Suseuma M., young- 
est dau. of the late Adrian J. Louw, of the Peieu:!, 
every one of whose seven daughters, it is inte- 
resting to note, is meuried to a D.R. minister. 

MELLISS, Bbevbt Liexjt.-Col. Chailles 
John, V.C, Indian Army, Brilliant Star of 
Zanzibar, 2nd class, and Bronze Medal of Royal 
Humane Society ; is the son of Lient. -Gen. G. 
J. Melliss. He was bom in India Sept. 12, 1862, 
and was educated at Wellington Coll. Col. 
Melliss took part in the Mazeni Rébellion, E. 
Africa, 1896; Tirah Campaign, 1897-8; and 
Ashanti Campaign, 1900, and was four times 
wounded. He is the author of *' Lion Hunting 
in Somaliland." He married, Aug., 1901, 
Kathleen, youngest dau. of General Walter, C.B. 

MERRIMAN, Hon. John Xavieb, of 
Schoongezigt, Stellenbosch, C.C, emd of the 
Reform (Lond.) and the Civil Service (CT.) 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

Clubs, was bom at Street, near Glastonbury, 
Somerset, on March 15, 1841, bis father having 
being the Bishop of Grahaznstown. He was 
educated at Dive C!oll., Bondebosch, and at 
Radley ColL, Oxford. Mr. Merriman is a land 
surveyor by profession, but he has made politics 
the principal business of his life. He entered 
the Cape Parliament in 1869, and has sat con- 
tinuously from that date until the gênerai 
élection in 1904, when he was defeated at the 
poil. From 1876 to 1878, and again from 1881 
to 1884 he sat in the Cabinet as Commissioner 
for Crown Lands, and from 1890 to 1893 he was 
Treasurer-Gen. — a portfolio which he subse- 
quently held in 1899-1900. 

Mr. Merriman is a good debater and an ex- 
ceedingly able man, but he is a mass of pré- 
judices, which hâve inclined him to every 
extrême — Bond-friend and Anti-Bond. No 
party, consequently, has felt that it could 
absolutely dépend upon, or trust, him politically. 
His natural etsperity of manner and innate 
disagreeableness are disadvajitages which he 
appears to cultivate for the express purpose 
of alienating support and making enemies. In 
fact, he h«« been described as an excellent type 
of a gentleman who has deliberately cast o& 
the manners of one. 

As an apologist for rébellion, he urged that 
Cape ColoniïJs who rebelled during the late 
S.A. War should receive full compensation for 
losses caused by the invasion of the Colony. Mr. 
Merriman is a member of the Council of the Univ. 
of the Cape of Qood Hope as représentative of 
the Colony of Natal. He married. Sept. 16,1874, 
Agnes, dau. of the Hon. J. Vintcent. 

MICHAU, J. J., M.L.A., w€U3 retumed at the 
gênerai élection in Feb., 1904, as Bond Member 
for the électoral div. of Biversdale in the Cape 

MICHELL, SiB Lewis, M.L.A., J.P., of 
Edingight, Rondebosch, C.T. ; Rhodes' Build- 
ings, C.T., and of the Impérial Colonies Club, is 
a descendant of an old Comish family. He was 
bom at Plymouth in 1842, and was educated at 
Christ's Hospital. He was for many years Gen. 
Manager of the most important banJdng institu- 
tion in S.A., viz., the Standcurd Bank of S.A., Ltd. 
He represented the C.C. at the Mint Conférence 
at Pretoria in 1893, and Rhodesia at ti^e Company 
Law Conférence at Johannesburg in 1902, and at 
the Customs Conférence at Bloemfontein in 1903. 
He is now Chairman of the De Beers Consolidated 
Mines, and a Director of the British S.A. Co., in 

connection with which he undert 
through Rhodesia in the autunui o 
Mr. Beit, Dr. Jameson and Mr. J. '. 
tour which resulted in many diffîci 
northem settlers being greatly ameli 
Sir Lewis was electeid to fill one oj 
seats for C.T., in the Progressive int 
House of Assembly at the latter end 
at the gênerai élection in Feb., 1904, \ 
for the électoral division of Wynbe 
Dr. Jameson's Ministry without po 
is Près, of the S.A. Progressive Asso 
a prominent member of varions loc 
He is a fréquent lecturer in C.T., ai 
associated with every movement tenc 
political, conunercial and socicJ pro 
colony. During the S.A. War he ac 
of the Martial Law Board. He is 
Trustées of the late Cecil Rhodt 
knîghted on the occasion of the EJ 
in 1902. He married a dau. of ju 
Civil Commissioner of C.C. 

MILLAIS, John Guillr, F.Z.S., < 
Brow, Horsham, Sussex, and of 
Societies* Club ; f ourth son of Sir Joh 
Bart., D.C.L., Près, of the Royal 
bom in London, Mar. 25, 1865 ; was 
Marlborough and Trinity Coll., C 
leaving Cambridge he served two 
3rd Batt. Somerset L.I. (1884-5). 
period he began to illustrate works ( 
natural history, notably for the 
Library, and for H. Seebohm's bool 
he begcui his hunting expéditions, a 
spring joined the Ist Batt. Seaforth ] 
in which he served for seven years. 
he has embarked on the following 
for the purpos*) of studying nature a 
and making a collection of heads of 
which includes red roe, fallow, mul 
tailed deer ; grey, conunon and Grée 
wapiti ; moose ; bighom ; cctribou 
elk ; waterbuck ; sable cuid roar 
koodoo, hartebeste, sassaby, duikei 
klipspringer, white- tailed and bri 
Cape buffcJo, pallah, léopard, lion, 
etc. In the process of a^^quiring tli 
he has travelled in W. America (IS 
(1892), S.A. (1893), S. Norway (18Î 
way (1899), N. Africa (1900), Newfoi 
Ccuiada (1902), and Newfoundland t 
He is aJso said to hâve the most c* 
lection of British birds in any privf 
numbering 4,000 spécimens, obtainec 
in the Bntish Islands. 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

He is Vice-Pree. of the Anglo-African Writers' 
Club, €uid is the aathor of " Game Birds and 
Bhooting Sketchee " 1892; '* ABreath from the 
Veldt," 1895; " Britiah Deer andtheir Homs," 
1897 ; " The Life and Letters of Sir John Everett 
Millaifl, Bart. : a Biographv," 1890 ; " The Wild 
Fowler in Scjtland," 1901; "The Naturel 
Hîstory of the Surface Feeding Ducks," 1902, 
and he is now engaged upon a history of the 
British mammals. Basides the study of natural 
history and the pursuit of big game, his récréa- 
tions axe lawn tennis, shooting and fishing. He 
mainried, Oct. 31, 1894, Frances Margctret, second 
dau. of P. Skipwith, of Hundleby. 

MILLER, At.t.tsteb Mitchell, of Embabane, 
Swaziland, and of the Pretoria, Barberton, and 
International (Lourenço Marques) Clubs, was 
bom at Singapore, April 30, 1865 ; is son of 
Alexander and Agnes Miller, of Wick, Caithness, 
N.B., and was educated privately and at the 
Liverpool Coll. After being on the staff of the 
" Liverpool Mercury," which he joined in 1884, 
he went to S.A. in 1887 as sub-ed. of the " Cape 
Argus " ; became éd. of the " Gold Fields Times " 
at Barberton, June, 1888, and in the following 
Aug. was appointed Gk)vt. Secy. to the first 
White Committee elected under charter in 
Swaziland, later being appointed Secy. and 
Agent to King Umbandine, as well as a member 
of the Conunittee and a Magistrate. On the 
death of Umbandine, he took up farming until 
1891, when he became Manager of the Swazileuid 
Corporation, Ltd. During the late w€tr he 
served as Secy. to the Résident Commissîoner for 
Swaziland, attached to the 18th Brigeule, and 
was afterwards second in command of a corps 
of scouts with rank of Lieut. He is a F. S. A., 
F.R.C.I., and Fellow of the Geological Society of 
S.A. He has written " A Short History of 
Swaziland,*' and numerous papers on that 
country. He married, Nov. 21, 1891, Béatrice 
Mary, dau. of John Thorbum. 

MILLER, Edwabd Hbnby, F.R.C.I., of 
Bulawayo, and the Rhodesia Club, was bom in 
London in 1874 ; is grandson of Roger Woods 
Miller, L.C.M., and was educated at the City of 
London Sch. and at Neuweid, Prussia, and Paris. 
He served on the Médical Staff of the B.S.A. 
Police during the Matabele Wcur of 1896, and 
sgain saw fighting in the Boer War, 1899-1900. 
He is librarian of the Bulawayo Public Library ; 
Secy. of the Rhodesian Muséum ; on the Council 
of the Rhodesia Scientiôc Assoc. ; Member of the 
S.A. Assoc. for the Advancement of Science, and 

has published papers on entomology» bîblio- 
graphy, etc. 

MILLS, John Saxon, 3, Essex Court, Temple, 
and 54, Overstrand Mansions, S.W., and of the 
Royal Colonial Institute; is the son of James 
Mills and Martha MiUs, of Ashton, ajid was bom 
at Ashton-under-Lyne ; w€hs educated at Man- 
chester Gram. Sch., the Owen's Coll. and St. 
John*s Coll., Camb., and read as a student of the 
Inner Temple. Was appointed editor of the 
" Cape Times " at the beginning of 1901 ; re- 
signed later the following yeax, when he retumed 
to England. He is thoroughly convers€uit with 
ail the political and économie conditions of S.A. 
W€hs closely associated with the suspension 
movement in C.C, and it is generaUy believed 
that his résignation was not unconnected with 
his persistent but fruitless advocacy of that 
measure. Mr. Mills w€hs formerly on the editorial 
staff of the " Daily News," and is a contributor 
to, among other joumals, the " Fortnightly 
Review," the " National Review," and the 
** Empire Review," and is now editing a new 
organ advocating the " new Protection," en- 
tîtled the " Senator," the first number of which 
was published early in 1904. He has published 
a volume of verses. His récréations are music 
£md many open-air sports. He married Miss 
Grâce Keeler, July 6, 1901. 

MILNER, VisoouNT, G.C.B. (1901), G.C.M.G. 
(1897), P.C. (1901), of Sunnyside, Johannesburg, 
and of Brook's, Reform, Athenseum, and New 
Univ. Clubs, was bom Mar. 23, 1854. He is 
son of Charles Milner, M.D. by M€ury, dau. of 
Major-Gen. Ready. He was educated in Ger- 
many, at King*s Coll., London, and at 
BaUiol Coll., of which he was a Scholar, 1872-6. 
He has been a Fellow of New Coll., Oxford, since 
1877. At Oxford he carried ail before him, 
taking the Hertford, Craven, Eldon, and Derby 
Scholarships, in CMldition to taking *' Firsts " in 
Modérations and " Greats." He was succee- 
sively Treas, and Près, of the Union Debatâng 
Society — then in its palmiest days — and a 
weighty contributor to its debates. As an 
undergrcMluate he was a Libéral tempered with 
the Impérial sentiment. He was an intimate 
friend of Arnold Toynbee, of whose career he 
has written a charming monograph. He is a 
Barrister of the Inner Temple (1881), and for 
three or four years (1882-5) was principedly en- 
gaged in journalism, in e»sociation with Mr. John 
Morley on the **Pall MaU Gazette," etc. In 
1885 he unsucceeafully oontested the Harrow 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

Division. In 1887 he became Private Seoy. to 
Lord(then the Bight Hon. G. J.) Gosohen» dis- 
playing abîlities whioh were highly valued by the 
then âiancellor of the Exchequer. In 1889 he 
entered the Egyptian Service, and subsequently 
beoame Under Seoy. of State fôr Finance in 
Egypt. Lord Mihier completed his work in 
Egypt with the publication in 1892 of " England 
in Egypt " — one of the most valuable contribu- 
tions to Africfiui literature. The work went 
through m£uiy subséquent éditions. In 1892 he 
was appointed Chairmcui of the Board of Inlcuid 
Bevenue in succession to Lord Iddesleigh emd 
Sir Algemon West, and was mode C.B. in 1894, 
and K.C.B. a year later. In 1897 he was pro- 
moted to succiéed Lord BosmecMl in the dual 
office of Govemor of the Cape of Good Hope aad 
High Commissioner for S.A. — positions which 
hâve been perhaps the most onerous in the gift 
of the Crown. The G.C.M.G. was conferred upon 
him in that year, the G.C.B. in 1901, when he was 
also raised to the peerage as Baron Milner and 
mcMle a Privy Councillor. In the seune year he 
relinquished the Govemorship of the C.C. to 
fill the appointment of Govemor of the Transvaal 
and O.B.C. The following year he was created 
Viscount Mikier. In Sept., 1903, the Colonial 
Seoretaryship was pressed upon Lord Mihier by 
Mr. Balfour, on the retirement of Mr. Chamber- 
lain, but he could not be prevailed upon to accept 
the office in view of his still unfinished work in 
S.A. Lord Mihier is unmarried. 

MILTHOBP, Bernabd Thomas, F.R.C.I. ; 
2nd Assistant of the B.C. A. Protectorate ; son of 
of C. H. Milthorp, J.P., late of Bradford, Yorks., 
where he was bom Nov. 10, 1871 ; was educated 
at Bedford Gram. Sch. ; was appointed Asst. 
Collecter in the B.C.A. Protectorate, Dec. 24, 
1896 ; was stationed at Fort Johnson, S. Nyassa, 
from April 1, 1897, to Nov. 17, 1897, whence he 
was transferred owing to ill-health to Blantyre, 
Dec. 31, 1897. From Aug. 1899 to Jan. 1900 
he was stationed at Chiromo, on the Lower Shiré 
River ; from then until Apr. 1901 at Fort 
Andersen, Mlange ; and from there he retumed 
to Blctntyre, where he was stationed till Apr. 17, 
1902. After a short leave of absence he was 
stationed at Liwonde (Upper Shiré River), Fort 
Hill (Nyassa Tanganyika Plateau), aad Chik- 
wana (W. Shiré Dist.), where he is at présent in 
charge, having beoa promoted from 2nd Asst., 
Feb. 13, 1902. Unmarried. 

MILTON, Sm William Hekby, BLC.M.G. 
(1903), of Govt. House, Salisbury, Bhodesia; 

son of Rev. Wm. Milton, of Newbury ; was 
Dec. 3, 1854 ; was educated at Marlborough, 
entered the Cape Civil Service in 1878, officia 
as Clerk to the Executive Council in li 
Acting-Secy. in the Prime Minister's Dept., 1( 
Priv. Secy. to the Right Hon. Cedl Rh< 
during his Premiership &om July 1, 1891 ; 
Chief Clerk and Chief Accountcuit in the Colc 
Secy.'s Office from Dec. 1, 1891 ; and was n 
Permanent Head of the Prime Minister*s D< 
March 8, 1894. In Aug. 1896 he was detac 
from the Cape Civil Service to go to Rhod 
where he became Chief Secy. emd Secy. for Na 
Affcdrs in Sept. 1896 ; Acting Administrato 
Rhodesia, July 1897 ; Administrator of Mashi 
leuid and Senior Administrator of S. Rhod 
Dec. 3, 1898. He was appointed Administr 
of S. Rhodesia Dec. 20, 1902, and is also P 
the Executive and Législative Councils •• 
Rhodesia. Sir William married, in 1883, 
Une, dau. of A. R. Borcherds, of Wjmberg, 
Hehas three sons at Bedford Gram. Sch., 
are ail promising athlètes, the eldest, C. H. Mil 
being the possessor of the sch. athletic ch 
pionship (1903). 

MITFORD, Bkrtram, F.R.G.S., of 
Junior Athenaeum, Savage, Authors, and 1 
Vagabond Clubs, is the third son of E.L.Osbftl 
ton Mitford, of Mitford Castle, Northumberli 
and of Hunmanby Hall, Yorks. ; was educi 
at the Royal Naval Sch., New Cross ; Hursti 
point Coll., and by Continental tutor. He v 
to S.A. at the beginning of 1874, where he 
gaged in stock farming, and at the time of 
Kafir War of 1877-78 he held posts in the C 
Civil Service on the frontier. At the close of 
Zulu War, he trekked alone through Zuli 
exploring the battlefields and interviewin^^ 
principal indunc». On vskrious visite to Ai 
he has travelled in Matabeleland, cmd ' 
Zanzibar, Mozcunbique and other East v/< 
porte, and has also travelled in Baluchistan 
on the N.W. border of India. He is also 
acquainted with the continent of Europe, an< 
one time went in for climbing in the High A 
He is fond of most f orms of out-door sport, p 
cipally shooting. 

Mr. Mitford was proprîetor and past edît^ 
the "East London Advertiser" from 18 
1888. In the latter year he took seriousi} 
literature as a profession, and has published 
following volumes : ** Through the Zulu Oc 
try," "A Romance of the Cape Fronti 
"'Tween Snow and Fire," "Golden Fai 
"The GunHPunner," "The Luok of Qei 


Anglo-African Who's Who 


• ( 

Ridgeley," " Renshaw Fanning's Quest," " The 
King'B Aflsegai," "The White Shield," "The 
Induna's Wife," " The Word of the Sorceress," 
" The Curse of Clément Waynflete," " A Veldt 
Officiai," " The Expiation of Wynne Palliser," 
Fordham's Feud," " The Sign of the Spider," 
The Ruby Sword," "The Werrd of Deadly 
Hollow," " John Ames : Native Commis- 
aioner," " Aletts," " War— .and Arcadia," " The 
Triumph of Hilary Blachland," " Dorrien of 
Cranston," " Haviland's Chum," "A Veldt 
Vendetta," and "The Sirdar's Oath." AU of 
thèse except the first named are novels, the 
scènes of which are mostly leâd in S.A. 

MOLTENO, James Tennajstt, M.L.A., is 
Member of the Cape législative Assembly for 
Somerset East. He is a member of the S.A. 
Party, and was last re-elected in Feb. 1904. 

MOLTENO, Pebcy Alfort, of 3 and 4, Fen- 
church St., London, E.C., waâ bom in Edinburgh ; 
is of Italian descent, and is a son of the late Sir 
John Charles Molteno, who was first Prime Minis- 
ter of the Cape from 1872 till 1876. He is a son- 
in-law of Sir Donald Currie, and partner of the 
firm of Donald Currie & Co. The Dumfriesshire 
Libéral Association has £hdopted Mr. Molteno as 
p€u:liamentary ccmdidate at the next élection. 

MOMBASA, The Lobd Bishop of. {See 
Peel, Right Rev. W. G.) 

MONTEIL, Commandant, left Sénégal in Aug. 
1890, on a joumey to Lake Tchcki, reachû^ 
Segoiir on the Upper Nile, the furthest point at 
which the French had established their authority, 
on Dec. 20, 1890. Thence he struck out a>cross 
the bend of the Niger for Say, and on to Argmigu, 
the fortified capital of Kabbi. He then pro- 
ceeded to Sokôto, Kano (where he received an 
^ithusiastic welcome), and Knka, eventually 
reaching Tripoli after a diffîcult and dangerous 
joumey late in 1892. 

MONYPENNY, William Flaville, B.A., of 
Johannesburg, and of the Lnperial Service, Oriel, 
and Rcuid and Athenseum (Johannesburg) Clubs, 
was bom in co. Armsigh, Ireland, Aug. 7, 1866. 
He is descended from a collatéral branch, settled 
in Lreland, of a Scotch f amily whose headquarters 
axe at Pitmilly, in Fife. He was educated at the 
Royal Sch., Dxingannon, at Trinity CoD., Dublin, 
where he graduated B.A., and at Bctlliol Coll., 
Oxon. After leaving the Univ. he contributed 
for a time to the " Speetator " ; joined the staS 

of the " Times " as Asst. -Editer in 1893, and was 
appointed Editor of the Johannesburg " Star " 
early in 1899, and in that capacity and as cor- 
respondent of the " Times " he incurred the 
displeasure of the Boer Govt., who, in the begin- 
ning of Sept., attempted to eurest him on a charge 
of high treason, but he escaped to British terri- 
tory. On the outbreak of the S.A. War he ob- 
tained a commission in the I.L.H., and served 
with that regt. through the siège of Ladysmith. 
He was afterwards Director of Civil Supplies in 
Johannesburg during Col. Colin Mackenzie*s 
tenure of office as MiUtary Gov., and he resumed 
the editoriaJ control of the Johannesburg " Star " 
when that paper reappeared at the beginning of 

MORCOM, William Boase, K.C. (1888), of 
327, Loop St., Maritzburg, and the Victoria Club, 
P.M.B., was bom at Redruth, Comwall, Oct. 9, 
1846. He first entered the Civil Service as Clerk 
Asst. to the Natal Législative Council in 1872, 
afterwards filling varions offices under the Colo- 
nial Govt. In 1878 he was admitted to practice 
as an Advocate of the Suprême Court of NataL 
He was Attomey-Gen. for the Transvaal in 1880 ; 
was made Q.C. in 1888 ; became Attomey-Gen. 
for Natal in 1889, from which he retired when 
that colony was given responsible govt. in 1893. 
He was appointed Minister of Justice for Natal 
in 1903. Mr. Morcom is not married. 

MOREL, Edmund D., of Hawcutlen, 
Chester, was bom in Paris in 1873. He was 
educated at Bedford, and early tumed his atten- 
tion to a joumalistic career. He has contributed 
for a number of years to many of the leading 
magazines and newspapers on W. African ques- 
tions, and as he is regarded as a leading authority 
his contributions hâve excited considérable 
public interest. His exposures of the Congo 
scandais hâve particularly done much to bring 
the whole question of the Congo Administration 
under the attention of the Govt. He is the 
editor of the "West African Mail," and is the 
author of "Affabs of West Africa" (1903), 
"The British Case in French Congo" (1903), 
" The Congo Slave State," " Trading Monopolies 
in West Africa," and other pamphlets toc 
numerous to mention. He mcunried, in 1896^ 
Miss Mary F. Y. Richardson. 

MORGAN, Benjamin Howell, of Orchard 
House, Westminster, and the NationcJ Libéral 
Club, was bom Aug. 24, 1873, at Glenarberth, 
Cardiganshire, is the fourth son of Benjamin 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

Morgan, of White Oastle, and was educated as 
an engineer. He has since taken a deep interest 
in gênerai economio and trade questions, and is 
a well-known authority on such, partioularly as 
affecting S.A. e^ffairs. In 1895 he travelled 
through the U.S. and Canadei, studying the 
eoonomic conditions prevedling there, and later 
made a similar joumey through Europe, visiting 
principally engineering and manuf acturing estab- 
lishments. At the âge of 23 he was appointed 
éditer of a trade journal, emd a few years later 
beoame Eklitor of the ^* Engineering Times,'* a 
position which he now holds. At the olose of 
the S.A. War in June, 1902, he was appointed 
Trade Commiasioner to S.A. to inquire into and 
report upon the state of , and openings for, trade 
in engineering and maohinery. The results of 
his investigations were comprised in a volume 
published in the following November. This 
rep)ort has been described as a " masterly " work, 
and has given rise to much comment and dis- 
oussion. He is one of the most strenuous oppo- 
nents of the Shipping Ring, whose methods he 
exposed in his report and subséquent lectures 
before the Royal Colonial Institute and else- 
where. He is a Vice-Pres. of the Nottingham 
Society of Engineers, €uid Fellow of the Royal 
Colonial Institute, etc., and is the author of 
The Engineering Trades of South Africa," 
The Trade and Industry of South Africa," 
The Prévention of Strikes and Lock-outs," 
High Speed Steam Engines," and other tech- 
nical Works. Mr. Morgan is unmarried, and 
îndulges in ây-fishing and golf as récréations. 

MORLAND, LiEUT.-CoL. (local Col.) 
Thomas Lethbridqe Napieb, C.B., D.S.O., of 
the Naval and Military Club, was bom in Canada, 
Auc:. 9, 1865 ; is son of the late Thos. Morland, 
and was educated at Charterhouse. He joined 
the King's Royal Rifle Corps Aug. 23, 1884 ; was 
promoted Cap t. in Apr., 1893 ; was at the Staff 
Coll., 1891-92; A.D.C. to the Govemor and 
G.O.C., Malta, 1895-98 ; joined the W. African 
Frontier Force Feb. 5, 1898, and was appointed 
Commandant of the Northern Nigeria Regt. in 
1901. Col. Morland married, in 1890, Mabel, 
eldest dau. of Admirai and Mrs. St. John, of 
Stokefield, Thombury, Glos. Mrs. Morland died 
in 1901. 

MUIR, Thomas, C.M.G.. M. A., LL.D. (Hon.), 
P.R.S., of Mowbray HaD, Rosebank, noax Cape 
Town, and of the Qvil Service aub (C.T.), 
was bom at Stonebyres, Lanarkshire, Aug. 26, 
1845, and is son of the late Geo. Muir of that 





place. He was educated at Wishaw Pu! 
Sch., Glasgow Univ., and in Germany., 
1868 he WBB appointed Sub-Warden of Coll 
Hall, St. Andrews ; Asst. Prof, of Mathemal 
in Glasgow Univ. in 1871 ; was eleol 
F.R.S.E. in 1874, and became in the sa 
yecur Head of the Mathematical and Sciei 
Depts. of the High Sch. of Glasgow, and me 
ber of the London Mathematical Soc. In 1( 
he was appointed Examiner in Mathemat 
and Natural Philosophy for Glasgow Uni 
was elected Près, of the Edinburgh Mathenu 
Soc. in 1883 ; was awarded the Keith Ifett?» 
of the Royal Soc. of Edinburgh for Mathe 
atical Research in 1884; appointed Exam. 
Secondcury Schools under the Scotch Educati 
Dept. in 1885 ; Examiner in Mathematics a 
Natural Philosophy for St. Andrews Uni 
1886; Hon. Fel. Royal Scottish Géographie 
Soc., 1892 ; €uid in the same year was choe 
for his présent post as Supt.-Gen. 
Education for Cape Colony. 

Mr. Muir was appointed Vice-Chancel 
of the Univ. of the Cape of Good Hope 
1897 ; was awarded the Keith Medal for 
second time in 1899, and was elected F.i> 
in 1900. He is a Trustée of the S.A. Museuz 
the S.A. Public Library ; and of the S.A^ A 
Gallery, of which latter he is also Chairmfl 
He is member of the GeologicaJ Commissic 
the Meteorologicfd Commission, €uid of the Ci* 
Service Commission ; Vice-Pres. of the S. 
Assoc. for the Advancement of Science; Vi 
Près, of the Cape Town Musical Union So 
and Chairman of the Chamber Musio Unie 
He is author of " A Treatise on the Theory 
Déterminants," a " History of Determinantf 
and of varions other works and contributio 
to scientifîc joumals, and leamed societû 
publications. Mr. Muir has taken much mterc 
in the development of musical tasto în t 
Colony, and besides his more serious geograp 
ical and mathematical studios, plays gofi ai 
lawn tennis. He married, in 1874, Margan 
youngest dau. of the late Dugald BeU, 

MULDER, Hon. Hendbik Johanni 
M.L.C., of "Armoed," Oudtshoom Distrii 
ce, was bom at Oudtshoom. He coi 
menced business in 1865, and now oarri 
on a large ostricb farm. He is a member 
the Cape Législative Coundl for the Sout 
West Province, having been first elected 
1891 at the head of the poil, He is an elder 
the D.R. Church, and has a large family. 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

MULLINS, Majob, V.C, of Johannesburg. 
For some time a partner in the late firm of 
Hudson, Hutchinson & Mullins, Attomeys, 
of Johannesburg, h£i3 joined Sir A. WooUs- 
Sampson in a fînancial and estate business in 
that town. 

MUNNIK, Ex-Landdbost J. H. Took 
service under Mr. Kriiger's Govt. as Inspecter 
of Mines and Acting States Mining Engineer, 
and joined the Boers on the outbreak of the 
war in 1889, remaining in the field until cap- 
tured by Colenbrander's Scouts in April, 1901. 
He then spent fifteen months as a prisoner of 
war in India. Until peace was signed Mr. 
Munnik was an irreconcilable, but he then 
determined to accept the inévitable and become • 
a loyal British subject. Mr. Munnik oocupied 
his leisure time as a prisoner in writing a romance 
of the Boer War, entitled " Major Greville, V.C, 

MURRAY, HoN. Charles Gideon, of 
Johannesburg, and the Bachelors* Club, Lon- 
don ; third son of Lord Ëlibsuik (lOth Baron) ; 
was bom Aug. 7, 1877, and wa-s educated at 
Bledrlodge, Polmont, N.B., and abroad. In 
1891 he was appointed Asst. Priv. Secy. to the 
Lient. -Go vernor of British New Guinea ; was 
Clerk to the Govt. Secy., British New Guinea, 
1899 ; Résident Magistrate, Western Division, 
B.N.G., 1900; Priv. Secy. to Sir Godfrey 
Lagden, Commissioner for Native Affairs for 
the Transvaal, 1901 ; and Asst. Native Com- 
missioner for the Zoutpansberg Dist. of the 
Transvaal in 1902. His récréations are shoot- 
ing, riding, golf and tennis. Unmarried. 

NATHAN, EmUi, J.P., of Johannesburg, 
Transvaal, and of the Rand and New Clubs 
(Johannesbinrg), was bom at Graafî Reinet, 
C.C, Dec. 23, 1859 ; is second son of the 
late Ed. Nathan, merchant, of that town, and 
was educated at Graaff Reinet Coll. He was 
Registrar of the Suprême Court, C.C, 
in 1880-81 ; was admitted as Soliciter and 
Notary Public of the Suprême Court in 1881 ; 
practised at Port Elizabeth until 1889, and 
during the last five years of his résidence there 
was Deputy-Sheriff of the town. From 1889 
he practised at Johannesburg until 1896, when 
he proceeded to London, joined Gray's Inn, 
and was called to the Bar in 1898. Retuming 
to Johannesburg, Mr. Nathan continued his 
law practioe until the war, in which he served 
•s Lieut. and afterwards as Capt. in the J.M.R. 

Subsequently he was a member of the Permît 
Conmiittee. He is a Director of a few Rand 
Cos., and meuried, Feb. 27, 1884, Lizzie, daa. 
of the late Henry Godfrey. 

NATHAN, Majob Sœ Matthew, R,B-, 
K.CM.G., of 11, Pembridge Sq., London» 
W., and the Army and Navy Club, was bom 
in London Jan. 3, 1862. He is son of the late 
Jonah Nathan, of Pembridge Sq., and was 
educated privately and at the R.M.A., Woolwioh» 
He entered the Royal Engineers in 1880, be* 
coming Capt. in 1889, and Maj. in 1898. He 
served in the Nile Expédition in 1886, and 
in the Lushai Expédition in 1889 (medal 
with clasp). Sir Matthew acted as Secy. to 
the Colonial Defence Committee in 1895, 
administered the Govt. of Sierra Leone in 1899, 
became Govemor of the Gold Coast in 1900, 
and Govemor and Commander-in-Chief of the 
Colony of Hong Kong and its Dependeocies 
Oct., 1903. He is unmarried. 

NEETHLING, Hon. M. L.,M.L.C.,of SteUen- 
bosch, C.C. ; comes of an old Prussian family. 
He was for many years Chairman of the Muni- 
cipal Commissioners of Stellenbosch and mem- 
ber of the Divisional Council, and is a member 
of the Cape Législative Council for the Western 

NESER, JoHANNEs Adbiaan, J.P., of ElerkB- 
dorp, Transvaïd, was bom in the Coleeburg 
District, C.C, July 11, 1860. He is son of 
Christiaan Petrus Neser and Johanna Catharina 
née Joubert, his father having been a suoceSB- 
ful and progressive fcurmer. He was educated 
at Colesburg Dist. Sch. and at Victoria Coll., 
Stellenbosch, and was an undergraduate of the 
Cape Univ. He was then articled to 
varions attomeyB in Cape Town ; beccutne piartner 
of Slinter at Colesberg from 1885 to 1892; 
went to Klerksdorp and interested himself as 
far as the répressive polioy of the late régime 
permitted in the interest of progress and in 
the practice of his profession of Attomey at 
Law and Notary Public. He is also J.P. for 
the Potchefstroom Dist., TransvaeJ ; member 
of the Commission appointed by H.E. the Gov- 
emor to inquîre into the Register of Mining 
Rights ; member of the Royal Colonial Inst. $ 
and a patron of many forms of sport. Hé 
married, Dec. 11, 1886, Maria Angelina Bochlinf 
of Colesberg. 

NEUMANN, LuDWiG, of 11, GroBTenor 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


Square, London, W., and of Wamford Court, 
B.C., is a brother of Sigismund Neumann (q.v.) 
and a pc^tner in the firm of Léo Hirsch & Co., 
one of the largest firms of Kafîr Brokers. He 
is on the London Committees of the B.A. 
Gold Mines,' Ltd., and the Witwatersrand Town- 
ship, Estaté and Finance Corporation, Ltd. Mr. 
L. Neumann races in England, and is a populeir 
figure in Society. 

NEUMANN, Sigismund, Salîsbury House, 
London, E.C., of 146, PiccÉkdilly, W., and of 
Invercauld, N.B., was bom in Bavaria in 
1856. Spending most of his youth in Wurtem- 
burg, he went to S.A., when still young, and 
founded the firm of S. Neumann & Co., mine 
owners, diamond buyers and financiers, of Lon- 
don saxd S.A., of which he is the chief part- 
ner. The firm, which induded, up till recently, 
Mr. C. Sidney Goldmann (q^.v.), and, Mr. H. J. 
King among its partners, is chiefly identified 
with the f ollowing companies, which hâve admir- 
able prospects of yielding a long séries of 
dividends when normal conditions in S.A., are 
restored : Treasury, Wolhuter, New Modder- 
fontein Consolidated M. B., Witwatersrand 
Deep, Eoiight Central, Driefontein Deep, African 
Farms and Cloverfield Mines. Messrs. S. Neu- 
mann & Co. are cissociated with other large 
mining and financial groups in the control of 
the Kandfontein Deep and the West Rsknd 
Consolidated Gold Mines, and it hes représenta- 
tives on the Bo£irds of the Kand Mines, Rand 
Mines Deep, the East Rand Proprietciry Mines, 
euid its subsidiaries, the City Deep, South City, 
Wolhuter Deep, Klip Deep, South Wolhuter, 
Suburban Deep, the Turf Mines, the South 
African Gold Mines, and other Cos. They are 
also one of the chief owners of Salisbury 
House, a huge block of new buildings in London 

Mr. S. Neumann has for many years rented 
Livercauld, where Mrs. Neumann entertains on 
a large scale, and he h€is also a country seat 
near Newmarket. He is a good gun shot, and 
shows considérable skill at whist and bridge. 

NEWBERRY, Chables, J.P., F.R.C.I., of 
Prynusberg, O.R.C., was bom at Brampton, 
Huntingdon, May 17, 1841. He is son of 
W. Newberry, of Brampton, and was eduoated 
privately. He emigrated to Natal in 1864, 
and after a seven years* résidence there trans- 
ferred to the Kimberley diggings, and later to 
the Basaioland border of the O.B.C., where he 
oommenoed tree planting on a largo scale. 

He married Elizabeth Mary, dau. of the Bev. 
Daniel, of Thaba 'Nohu, O.B.C. 

NEWTON, Fbancis James, O.M.J., Bar 
rister-at-Law, of Salisbury, Bhodesia; Hilling 
don House, Uxbridge; and of Arthur's Club 
was bom at St. Croix, W.L, Sept. 13, 1857 
He was educated at Bugby and Univ. 
Coll., Oxford, where he graduated M. A. He 
was A.D.C. to Sir Hercules Bobinson in 1881, 
and actod as his private secy. from 1883 to '89. 
From 1890 to 1895 he was Colonial Secy. and 
Beceiver-Gen. for the Bechuanaland Proteo- 
torate, and was Besident Commissioner in 
Bechuanaland from 1895 until 1897. But 
after the Jameson Bcùd inquiry he was trans- 
ferred to British Honduras as Colonial Secy., 
where he served from 1898 to 1901, ocoupying 
a similar position in the Barbados from 1901-2, 
when he retumed to England with a view to a 
further appointment in S.A. In the latter 
year he was appoînted Treas. of S. Bhodesia 
and member of the Executive Council. Mr. 
Newton married, March 12, 1889, Henrietta, 
eldest dau. of D. Cloete, of Newlands, Cape 

NICHOLSON, Col. John S., was bom in 
1868. He is son of W. Nicholson, of Basing 
Park, and brother of W. G. Nicholson, M.P. 
for East Hante. Obtained his commission in 
the 7th Hussars in 1884; went to Bulawayo 
as an Impérial représentative to take over the 
command of the M.M.P. very soon c^ter the 
outbreak of the Matebele War (1896), rendering 
conspicuous services till the dose of the ofiun- 
paign in Matabeleland. Towards the end o€ 
1896 he was appointed Commandant of the 
Qiartered Co.'s forces north of the Zambesi. 

NIGHTINGALE, Thomas Slingsby, of 103, 
Comeragh Bd., Kensington, and of the Boyal 
Societies Club, was bom at Bedford, C.C, Jan. 
29, 1866. He is eldest son of the late Percy 
Nightingale, Inspecting Civil Commissioner, 
ce. (d. 1895), and great-grandson of Sir 
Chas. E. Nightingale, 7th Bart., of Knees- 
worth Hall, Cambridgeshire, and was eduoated 
at the Boyal Naval Sch., New Cross, and at St. 
George's Sch., Brampton, Huntingdon. He 
joined the Cape Civil Service as olerk, and after 
filling varions minor oiSices at K. W. Town» 
Cape Town, P. Elizabeth, and Kimberley, 
beoame Acting B.M., Sub-CoUector of Customs 
and Port Officer at Port NoUoth in 1891, and 
fîrst-elass derk and asst. warehouae lœeper 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

Oustoms Dept. at East London (C.C.) and Port 
Elizabeth in 1896. In Nov., 1898, he was 
appointed Chief Clerk in the London office of 
the Cape Agent-Gen., and became As8t.-Secy. 
in AprU 1902. He was appointed, nnder Rule 
274, a Conunissioner of the Suprême Court of 
the C.C. Mr. Nightingale manied, in 1900, 
Doris, dau. of Chas. S. Collison, of East Bibiey, 

NILAND, B., M.L.A., represents the électoral 
division of Fort Beaufort in the Cape Parlia- 
ment, to which he was elected in the Progres- 
sive interest in Feb. 1904. 

NIND, Chables Edward, of the Conserva- 
tive (London), the Kimberley, Kand, Civil 
Service (C.T.) and City (C.T.) Clubs, is son of the 
Rev. P. H. Nind, of Woodcote House, Oxon., 
where he was bom Aug. 24, 1847. He was 
educated at Marlborough Coll. Originally in 
business for some years in Bombay and Bur- 
mah, he went to S.A. in 1881, and has resided 
in Kimberloy mostly since that time. He is a 
Director of the De Beers Consolidated Mines 
and various other S.A. Cos. 

NORRIE, Ebenezeb Steven, of the New 
Club, JohÉuinesburg, was bom in New Zealand. 
He is second son of the Rev. Thos. Norrie, Pres- 
byterian Minister of Papakura, Auckland, N.Z., 
who married Elizabeth Angus, eldst dau. of 
the late Ebenezer Steven, of Glasgow. Mr. 
Norrie joined the staff of the South British Fire 
and Marine Insurance Co. of New Zealand, 
in 1884, and arrived in Johannesburg in Feb., 
1893, as the Transvaal Représentative of that 
institution which is there doraiciled in its own 
promises. Mr. Norrie is a non-resident Fellow 
(for life) of the R.C.L 

OATS, Francis, M.L.A., of Kimberley, and 
of St. Just, Comwall, is member of the Cape 
Législative Assembly for the électoral division 
of Namaqualand, for which he was last re- 
elected in Feb., 1904. He supports the Pro- 
gressive Party ; is a Director of the De Beers 
and a few other S.A. Cos. 

O'CALLAGHAN, Sm Francis Langfobd, 
K.C.M.G. (1902), CLE. (May 1883), C.S.L 
(Jan. 1888), of Crichmere, Guildford, is the son 
of the late James O'Callaghan, J.P. of Drisheen, 
County Cork, and is descended directly from 
one of the Chiefs of the Clan or Sept of O'Cal- 
Iftghans outlawed by Charles I. in 1642. He 

was bom July 22, 1839, at Eolcorznan Reetary, 
Limerick, and educated at private achools and 
at Queen*s Coll., Cork. He graduated M.'B, 
Royal (formerly Queen's) Univ., Ir^andL 
He is M.LC.E. and F.R.G.S. He entered the 
service of the Govt. of India in the Public 
Works Dept. under covencuit with the Secy. 
of State for India in June, 1862. He was posted 
to the Central Provinces, then govemed by 
the late Sir Richard Temple ; weus frequently 
mentioned favourably in the Administration 
Reports by that aad subséquent Gk>vemors. 
He W£U3 posted to the State Rcuilwajrs branoh 
in 1870, when that branch was organized by 
Lord Mayo, then Viceroy of IndicL He rose 
quickly through the various grades of the Dept. 
and in 1889 succeeded Sir Gmldford Molesworth 
as Consulting Engineer. During this period he 
was Engineer-in-Chief for the construction of 
various State Railways, and was several times 
thanked by the Govt. of India for his servioee. 
In 1892 he was appointed Secy. to the Qovt. 
of India, and retired from the service under the 
âge rule in 1894. He was created C.I.E. for 
construction of the bridge over the Indus ai 
Attock, and C.S.L for the building of the rail- 
way through the Bolan Pass in 1886-86* In 
Sept., 1895, he was selected as managing member 
(or Director) of the Uganda Committee at the 
Foreign Office, and it wcus in récognition of his 
services on that Committee that he reœived 
the K.C.M.G. among the Coronation honouxs 
in 1902. He married, on Sept. 22, 1876, A. M. 
Powell, dau. of Col. Powell, of County Cork. 

O'CONNER, Gen., commenced his military 
career in the Corps of Guides which distinguisbed 
itself before Metz. During the second siège of 
Paris, necessitated by the Commune, he was 
A.D.C. to De Gallifet. He campaigned in 
Tunis and commanded the cavalry in Tonking. 
He is now engaged in active opérations in 

O'DWYER, Abthu» Williamson, F.A.S., 
F.R.C.I., of Old Calabar, is the son of Maj. 
Gage Hall 0*Dwyer, late of the Ist Tnriii^T^ 
Regt. He was bom Feb. 21, 1861, at Free- 
town, Sierra Leone, and was educated at the 
Roman Catholic and Wesleyan High Sohs. 
at Freetown. Mr. O'Dwyer entered the PabUo 
Works Dept. as Clerk in 1878, and was 
transferred to Customs and Harbour Mastev^s 
Office, 1879. He relinquished office for mer- 
cantile pursuite in 1880, and travelled to the 
Oil Rivers, now Southern Nigeria, and 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


Consolar Clerk to £ H. Hewett, C.M.G., ELM. 
Consul-G^i. for Bights of Bénin and Biafra, 
1888. He saw active service during the block- 
ade of OpobOy 1889, and was mentioned in 
despatches and received the thanks of H.M.'s 
Secy. of State for Foreign Afiairs. Mr. O'Dwyer 
served respectively as Store Keeper to the 
Protectorate Administration, and Pajrmaster 
of the Chartered yacht Whydan. He was 
appointed Clerk of the Post Office in 1894, 
Chief Clerk 1897, and Postmaster in 1900. He 
was transferred to Pay and Quartermcuster's 
Office, Southern Nigeria Regt., in 1902. He 
is unmarried. 

OLIVER, H. A., M.L.A., is one of the four 
Progressive members for Nsmiiaqualand, for 
which électoral division he was retomed in 
Feb. 1904. He speaks lacidly and forcibly, 
and is regarded as a considérable acquisition 
to the debating power of the Honse. 

O'MOLONY, Chibley Keabnak, of Kiltanon 
House, Kimberley, is the son of Lient. Henry 
Anthony O'Molony, was bom at Cawnpore, 
Jan. 1845, while the fîrst Sikh War was raging, 
his f ather being présent at the battles of Movodku, 
Ferozeshah, AÈwaX, and Sobraon. Mr. O'Molony 
cornes of the very ancioit Milesian family of 
Holony of Kiltanon, co. Clare, his father was 
second son of Lambert Molony, formerly of the 
H.E.I.C.S., and again assumed the prefix 
which was dropped by the head of the family 
after the Révolution of 1688, the ffimily name 
still remaining without the prefix. His early 
years were spent in the Royal Navy, retiring 
from the service soon after obtaining a first- 
dass certificate for the rank of Paymcbster. 
He served in Anstralia and in New Zealand 
during the closing periods of the Maori War in 
the sixties ; also in the South Sea Islands, 
including the Samoa and Fiji groups ; in the 
Ohannel Fleet, and on the West Coast of Africa. 
Mr. O'Molony was mentioned in despatches 
by Col. (now Gren.) Kekewich for services in his 
Civil capacity during the siège of Kimberley 
by the Boers in 1899-1900» Mr. O'Molony is 
Town Clerk and Treas. of the important 
borough of Bamberley, in which capacity he 
has served for some years and still holds the 
appointment. He is^ a J.P. for the District of 
Kimberley, of a studious disposition, and is also 
very fond of shooting. He married, in 1872, 
Emma, dau. of the late H. Schofield Sugden, 
formerly Deputy-Oov. of H.M. Prison at 
Gibraltar. Of his fiye chUdren one son, Chidiey 

Selwyn Anthony O'Molony, is in the service < 
the O.R.C. cmd another, Ernest Andren 
O'Molony, is in the Rhodesian Railway Servioi 

OOSTHUIZEN, Okkebt Auckbo, M.L.A 
is Bond member of the Cape Législative Assem 
bly for the électoral division of Jansenvilk 
for which he was re-elected in Feb. 1904. 

ORPEN, Joseph Miixabd, F.R.C.I., o 
Sfidisbury, Rhodesia, and Avoca District, Barkii 
East, ce, is the son of the late Rev. Charle 
Edward Herbert Orpen, M.D., F.R.C.P. Lon 
don, F.R.C.S. Dublin, was bom in Dublin 
Nov. 5, 1828, and educated privately. 

Mr. Orpen is probably tbe oldest of the S. A 
Parliamentarians, and was until late in 1903 
Surveyor-Gen. of Rhodesia, having administered 
its Dept. of Lands and Agriculture since 1896. 
He was also a member of its Législative and 
Executive Councils. 

On Dec. 24, 1846, when just tumed seven- 
teen, he arrived with three of his brothers in 
Table Bay. Thence they went to their elder 
brother's farm, " Taaibosch-fontein," in the 
then Colesberg Dislaict, between Naauwpoort 
and De Aar. After a few months' study with 
his father, who arrived in the Colony with his 
wife and the rest of the family in «fan. 1848, 
Mr. Or|>en, in 1849, passed his theoretical and 
practical examinations for a Cape Grovt. Laod 
Surveyorship, and rec^ved that appointment 
as well as a Justiceship of the Peace early in 
1851. In the Kafir War of that year, he served 
as a Lient, of Volunteers. E^ly in 1852, he, 
with his eldest brother, F. H. S. Orpen, under- 
took to survey for the (îovt. of the then " Orange 
River Sovereignty " the Harrismith or Vaal 
River District of that Colony. In Aug. 1853, 
H.M. Ministers announced, through a Spécial 
Commissioner sent to Bloemfontein, their 
intention to abandon the territory immediately, 
calling upon its European inhabitants to elect 
delegates and constitute a Republican Govt. 
Mr. Orpen and his brother were elected dele- 
gates at Harrismith, and received instructions 
from their constituent» to protest against and 
resist abandonment. This Asnembly of Dele- 
gates, of which Mr. J. M. Orpen is the only 
surviving member, met on Sept. 5, 1853, and. 
after a short session, passed a unanimoos pro- 
test against abandonment, and elected a s tand- 
ing committee to represent them permanentiy 
in so doing. Of this committee Mr. Orpen 
his brother, who had each taken a prom 
part in the Assembly's proceeding». 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

eleoted membere. The committee supported a 
public deputation, whioh prooeeded to England 
to pétition Govt. against abskndonmeiit, but 
on Sept. 23, 1854, H.M. Speoial Ck)mmi8sioner 
formsdly abandoned the territory, removed the 
troops and Govt. officers, and handed over the 
administration to those who had, under his 
encouragement, organized a movement in favour 
of abandonment. In the Convention whioh 
thus created the O.F.S. Republio, it 
was, however, stipulated that an élective 
constituent and Législative Council should be 
oalled together within three months, and Mr. 
Orpen was at once re-elected by Harrismith 
to represent it in the first Volksrctad of the Free 
State. He then took a leading part in the 
£raming of the Constitution of that State, which 
lasted, with little modification, till the récent 
fall of the two Republics. After the proro- 
gation of that Volkrsaad (of which Mr. Orpen is, 
likewise, the sole survivor), he was appointed 
by the Près, to conduct negotiations and open 
up friendly relations with Moshesh, the aged 
ohief of Bosutoland, which had been received 
under the Queen's sovereignty and then aban- 
doned by H.M. Govt. After Mr. Orpen had 
successfidly opened thèse negotiations and 
relations, the Près, at the public request of the 
inhabitants of the District of Winburg, induced 
him to accept the position of Landdrost of 
that district. To it the District of Heirrismith 
was annexed by a resolution of the Volksraewi 
in its next session. Thus Mr. Orpen was given 
the fiscal and magisterial administration of 
two-thirds of the Freè State, which, being 
bounded by the Vaal River, then included a 
considérable territory afterwards comprised 
in the Transvaal RepubUc. His position in- 
cluded an ex-officio membership both of the 
Volksraad and of the Suprême Court of Justice 
and Appeal, which was called " The Court of 
Oombined Landdrosts," and consisted of three 
of those officiais. In this court Mr. Orpen at 
times presided, being then only twenty-four 
years of âge. Within a few months of his 
appointment (in Sept. 1864), Mr. Orpen had 
to deal with the first attempt on the part of 
the adhérents of Comdt.-Gren. Marthinus 
Pretorius, of the Transvaal, to overthrow the 
Govt. of the O.F.S. By diplomacy, however, 
Mr. Orpen was successful in frustrating this 
attempt, though it was renewed, in an armed 
invasion by Pretorius and Krûger, a few 
years later. Co-operating with the Pciramount 
Chiof of the Basutos, Mr. Orpen produced a 
satisfactory state of affaira on the whole 

Basuto border of his District, while he suooess- 
fully repreased attempts by burghero of the 
Free State to kidnap native children beyond 
and within its borders. In connection with this 
practice of kidnapping, Mr. Orpen was sent on 
a mission to the territories north of Natal, and 
so demonstrated the extensive nature of that 
practice, that législation against it was passed 
in the Cape Pe^licunent and the Free State 
Volksraad. In 1856, Mr. Orpen was deputed 
by the Près, to represent him in giving diieo- 
tiens on the spot to offîcers of a Free State 
Commando, sent to coerce the native ohief, 
Wietzie, and remove him from the Harrismith 
District, where he was occupjdng farms granted 
to whites during the British régime. During 
this commando, Mr. Orpen (with difficulty and 
by his own action alone) restored to their 
mothers a number of native children who had 
been seized by members of the commando. 
The first expeditionary force, having broken up 
without accomplishing its objeot, the Près. 
gave Mr. Orpen authority to raise coid take 
command of another commskndo, with whioh 
he carried the opérations to a successful oon- 
clusion. In the Presidential speech at the 
opening of the next session of the Raad, thèse 
services were brought to the notice of the 
Assembly, and at the conclusion of the session 
a vote of thanks for thèse and other service, 
waa accorded to him. He soon afterwards 
resigned and retired to the District of Aliwal 
North, in the C.C, where the Govemor, 
Sir George Grey, entrusted him with extensive 
surveys. Seeing that a war was imminent 
between the Free State and the Basutos over 
a question of disputed frontier, he used hia 
influence with the Paramount Chief, Moshesh, 
to induce him to propose to the Près, that ail 
questions at issue should be referred to the 
arbitration of the Govemor of the Cape. This 
proposai was not accepted, and the Près., after 
repulsing an invEtôion by Pretorius and Krûger, 
declared war upon Moshesh, but being unsuo- 
cessful, eventufidly proposed to Moshesh the very 
médiation which he had before declined, also 
begging Sir George Grey to prees it upon 
Moshesh. The latter at once accepted it, 
and, acting on Mr. Orpen's advice, oonmienoed 
a séries of pétitions to the British Gk)vt. to be 
again taken under its sovereignty. This, aStet 
some yeeuB and another we^, led to the ulti- 
mate sumexation of Basutoland to the British 

Mr. Orpen, in 1863, CKsquired landed property 
in the District of Aliwal North, upon whioh he 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


etill C£UTieB on fanning opérations on an exten- 
sive scale. In Feb. 1872, he was chosen (in a 
bye-eleotion) to represent the division of Queens- 
town in the Cape House of Assembly. Both be- 
fore and after lus élection, he strongly advocated 
the graduai and steady extension, with the con- 
sent of the native tribes, of British authority 
over the countries lying outside Colonial juris- 
diction between the Cape Colony and Natal, 
where native relations existed, entailing serions 
responsibilities, without practical means of 
fulfîUing them. Murder and intertribal blood- 
shed were rife, and gênerai misgovernment 
prevailed. Dnring the sessions of 1872 and 
1873, Mr. Orpen pressed his views in the Assem- 
bly, and moved for sélect conunittees to con- 
sider the state of the Colony' s native relations, 
and elicited much information through the 
reports of those oonmiittees. He voted 6igainst 
the introduction of Party Government, on the 
grounds that it would lead, with disastrous 
résulte, to native affairs becoming the football 
of party politics. 

After the dissolution of the Cape ParHament 
in 1873, Mr. Orpen was asked by the first 
Ministry of the C.C. to take office as British 
Résident in the territory between the Umtata 
and Natal, with the object of developing and 
extending the authority and jinrisdiction of 
Govt. there. That territory was in a state of 
war on his arrivai in it in Aug. 1873, but before 
Nov. of that year British authority had so fïir 
advanced that on the outbreak of the rébellion 
of Langalibalele, in Natal, Mr. Orpen was able 
to raise a native army €knd take part in the 
movements for suppressing the outbreak. 
His servie^ in this respect were honoiu-ably 
mentioned in 1874, both by the Natal and Cape 
Govts. in their reports to their respective 
Parliaments. Without extemal support Mr. 
Orpen succeeded in establishing authority, 
junsdiction, and just administration as far as 
the borders of Natal, and was able to punish 
some of the chiefs in those territories placed 
under his charge for murders committed under 
the pretext that the victims were guilty of 
witohcrait, and thus to a great extent suppressed 
that cruel System. Mr. Orpen's administration 
in the territories mentioned, lasted from Aug., 
1873, to June, 1876. The last territory an- 
nexed during that time was Griqualand Ecist, 
at that time govemed by Adam Kok. He and 
his people, the Griquas, had been permitted to 
occupy it (it being land ceded to Govt.) on the 
written stipulation that they should eventusklly 
be placed under the direct administration of 

the Govt. Adam Kok in Council now asked 
and caused the request to be recorded, that h 
should be either placed under direct administra 
tion or made whoUy independent. Govema 
Sir Henry Barkly thereupon, acting on th< 
advice of his ministers, proceeded to Kokstad 
declared the Govt. of Adam Kok at an end 
accorded him a retiring pension of £1,000 £ 
year, and placed the administration in the handf 
of Mr. Orpen. In 1875, after very honoiu*abl€ 
mention in the Govemmental report to Parlia- 
ment, Mr. Orpen resigned his office and returned 
to farming and the practice of his profession. 

It was while he was engaged in a large siu*vey 
for Govt. in the District of Hay, in Griqualand 
West, that a rébellion of the Griquas, Korannas 
and Kafirs of that territory broke out in 1878. 
Mr. Orpen was appointed at first Capt. of the 
Corps of Guides, then Chief of the Intelligence 
Dept. on the Staff, and afterwards Maj. in com- 
mand, as well as a C.C. and R.M. over the seat 
of the rebelUon. He held thèse offices for six 
months till the close of the rébellion and the 
Bechuanaland War. He was engaged in several 
battles and honourably mentioned in despatches 
by Lient. -Go vemor Sir W. O. Lanyon, and by 
Gen. Sir Charles Warren, on whose staffs he had 

In 1879, Mr. Orpen was re-elected member of 
the Cape House of Assembly for the Division of 
Aliwal North. He retained that seat till Aug. 
1881, when, after the impotent close of the cam- 
paign in Basutoland, Col. C. D. Griffith, C.M.G., 
who had, before the rébellion, been a most suo- 
cessful Governor's Agent and Chief Magistrate, 
retired, cts he did not consider the restoration of 
authority possible by him, under existing circum- 
stances. He advised that Mr. Orpen should suc- 
ceed him, as he believed that only under his 
administration was there any possibiHty of 
success. In the admittedly difficult task of 
administering Basutoland without extraneouB 
support, Mr. Orpen met with a considérable 
measiu*e of success. He collected a Icirge 
amount of Hut Tax, punished the Chiefs Jona- 
than and Joël, who h£kd fought against each 
other, and restored authority over a considérable 
portion of the population, but one of the Basuto 
chiefs, Masupha, being opposed to the establish- 
ment of Colonial authority, the Ministry gave 
up the attempt to enforce it, withdrew ail 
magisterial jurisdiction, and determined to 
appeal to the Impérial Govt. to undertake itself 
the govt. of Basutoland, and allow the repeal 
of the Act annexing it to the C.C. XJpon 
this, Mr. Orpen was retired, in March, 1883, 



Anglo-African Who's Who 

with expressions of high regcird, and shortiy 
afterwards Basutoland reverted to the direct 
rule of the Impérial Govt. 

Mr. Orpen then went to réside on his property 
in what is now the District of Barkly East. In 
1S89, he was again elected Senior Member for the 
Elector£d Division of Wodehouse to the Cape 
House of Assembly, waa re-elected in a subsé- 
quent gênerai élection, and held his seat till 
1896, when he was called to be Surveyor-Gen. of 
Rhodesia and Member of its Executive and 
Législative Councils. He married, March 31, 
1869, Elise Pauline, dau. of the Kev. S. Rolland. 

ORPEN, W. Redmond, M.L.A., represents 
Prieska in the Cape House of Assembly ; was first 
elected in Feb. 1904, and supports the progressive 
party in the House. 

ORSMOND, M.C., M.L.A., represents Aliwal 
North in the Cape Parliament ; was elected in 
Feb. 1904, and is a Progressive member. 

PALMER, Sir Elwin Mitfobd, K.C.B., 
K.C.M.G. ; Ist class Osmanieh, Ist class Medji- 
dieh, Ist class St. Saviour (Greece) ; of Cairo, 
Egypt, and Park Mansions, Albert Gâte, London, 
is the son of Edward Palmer, He was born 
March 3, 1852, and was educated at Lancing 
Col. Sir Elwin ^erved in the Indian Finan- 
cial Dept. from 1870-1885, and occupied 
the position of Acct.-General in Egypt, 
1885-89, and was Financial ad viser to H.H. 
the IQiedive, 1889-98. He is at the présent time 
Gov. of the National Bank of Egjrpt and 
Près, of the Agricultural Bank of Egypt. 
He married Mary Augusta Lynch, dau. of Maj. 
Clogstown, V.C. 

PARK, Maitland Hall, of 17, Mill St., 
The Gardons, Cape Town, and of the Impérial 
Colonies (London) and Civil Service and City 
Clubs (C.T.), is the youngest son of the late 
Rev. Hugh Park, and was born Oct. 10, 1862, at 
Cumbemauld, Dumbartonshire, N.B. He was 
educated at the Glasgow High Sch., and 
Glasgow Univ., where he headed the list in open 
Bursary Compétitions and graduated in Arts 
some years later, in 1885, In 1885 he was ap- 
pointed Sub-Editor of the " Glasgow Herald," 
and a year later he joined the staff of the 
"Pioneer," Allahabad, N.W.P. India, and 
remained there as Assistant Editer, Offîciating 
Ed. and Ed.-in-Chief until 1902 when he was 
appointed Chief Editer of the " Cape Times " 
in succession to Mr. Saxon Mills (q.v.) He is sax. 

able joumalist who bas made his mark in India, 
and who bids fair to worthily oarry on the high 
traditions of the " Cape Times." 

PARKIN, Db. G. R., C.M.G., resigned the poet 
of Principal of Upper Canada Col. to acœpt 
the position of Organizer of the Rhodes 
Scholarships, a scheme which involves his 
travelling round the world. 

PARSONS, Majob Habold Daniel EpifUND» 
C.M.G., of Southboume-on-Sea, and the Isth- 
mian Club, is the fourth son of Major-G^en. 
J. E. B. Parsons, Indian Army, who was the 
fourth son of the late Lient. -Gron. J. D. Peursons» 
C.B., of the Indian Army, who was great-grandson 
of Samuel Parsons, of Powerstown, County Tip- 
perary. He was born July 3, 1863, in London, and 
was educated at Dulwich Coll. He joined the 
" Queen's " Regt. in 1882 £uad saw active 
service in the Burmese Campaign in 1887, re- 
ceiving meded with two clasps, He joined the 
Army Ordnance Dept., 1890, and was promoted 
Capt in the following year. He was Chief 
Ordnance Officer, Straits Settlements, 1894 to 
1898, and in the latter year was promoted Maj. 
He served in the S.A. Campaign in 1899-1902 
with distinction. He held the appointment of 
Chief Ordnance Officer of varions districts, and 
was mentioned in despatches. He received 
his C.M.G. in 1800 and the Queen's medal with 
three clasps and Eong's medcd with two olaspe. 
He is now serving as Chief Ordnance Offîcer of 
the Western District. He married, Feb 10, 1892, 
JuUa, second dau. of Thomas Archer, C.M.O., 
of Grassmere, Queensland, late Agent-Gton, for 
Queensland. He has one son, Harold Archer 
James, born 1895. 

PEACE, Sm Walter, K.C.M.G., Chevalier de 
Tordre de Leopold, of 39, Hyde Park Gâte, S.W., 
and of the St. Stephen's, Junior Constitutional» 
Impérial Service, Colonial, and Durban Clubs, 
was born at Huddersfield, Oct. 19, 1840. He is 
the son of James Peace, professer of musio, of 
Huddersfield, and was educated at a private 
academy in that town. Sir Walter went to Natal 
in 1863, and became head of the firm of Peaoe, 
Blandy & Co., merchants. He weus Consul for 
Belgium at Durban, and Vice-Consul for Portugal, 
1 870- 1 879. He was appointed Natal Emigration 
and Harbour Board Agent in London in 1S90» 
and Agent-Gen. for Natal in 1893, in which 
year he was mc^e C.M.G. , receiving the honour 
of Knighthood in 1897. He is the auther of 
" Our Colony of Natal " and " Notes on NataL** 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


Sir Walter id a fellow or member of ve^ious 
Instîtutes, and Hon. Member of the Institute 
of Marine Engineers. He was one of the Royal 
Commissioners for the Paris Exhibition in 1900 ; 
waa a Commissioner for the Colonial and Indian 
Exhibition in 1886 ; is a Member of the Advisory 
Committee of the Board of Trade in connection 
with the Impérial Institute, and is a member 
of Mr. Chamberlain's TariS Commission, He 
married, April 24, 1869, CaroHne, youngest dau. 
of Wm. Tfilbrook, of Woodham Lodge, near 

PEACOCK, John Michael, of Addiscombe, 
Queenstown, C.C, and of the National 
Libéral (Lond.) and City (C.T.) Clubs; is 
son of George Peacock of Manchester, where he 
was bom, Feb. 22, 1831 ; was educated privately, 
and proceeding to the Cape became senior 
partner in the merchant firm of Peacock Bros., 
of London, Queenstown, and East London 
(C.C). He represented King Williamstown 
in the Cape House of Assembly from 1874 to 
1877 ; waa appointed by the Scanlen Ministry 
a member of the Conmiittee of Advice to Sir 
Chas. Mills, the first Agent-Gen. for the Cape 
of Good Hope in 1883 ; and sat in the Législative 
Council for the E. Circle, C.C, from 1891 to 1898. 
Mr. Peacock married. Sept. 25, 1867, a dau. of 
I. Ilincksman, cotton spinner, of Preston, Lancs. 

PEAKE, Majob (local LiEUT. -Col.) Malcolm, 
R.F.A., CM. G., 4th Class of the Impérial Orders 
of the Osmanieh (1899) and Medjidieh (1896), of 
Cairo, and of the Naval and Military, Boodle's, 
and the Cavalry Clubs ; was born in London, 
March 27 1866; is youngest son of Frederick 
Peake, of Burrough, Melton Mowbray, Leicester- 
shire, was educated at Charterhouse, and joined 
the ÉgypticuQ army in July, 1895. He served 
in the varions campaigns of 1896,-97,-98,-99 
for the recovery of the Sudan and the destruction 
of the Dervish power. He received a brevet 
majority in 1896, and was subsequently decorated 
with the Medjidieh, the Osmanieh, and the Queen's 
medal and the Elhedive's medal with clasps for 
Ferket, Haûr, Nile (1897), Atbara, Khartum 
and Nile (1899). Major Peake commanded a 
battery of e^tillery under Lord Elitchener 
when Comdt. Marchand was encoimtered at 
Fashoda in Sept. 1898, and had command of the 
expédition sent to the Upper Nile in Dec. 1899 
to clear the sudd away euid open a waterway, 
which was completed in May 1900, in which 
month' the first steamer from the north reached 
Gondokow. For this service he was decorated 

with the C.M.G. He now commands the ar 
lery of the Egyptian army, cuid îb in charge of 
small arms and ammunition connected with t 
Egyptian army and the Anglo-Egyptian Sudi 
He married, June 20, 1900, Louisa, eldest df 
of the late P. H. Osborne, of Currandooley, N< 
South Wales. 

PEARSE, Samuel Herbert, F.R.CL, 
Lagos, and Old Calabar, N. Africa, wos bom 
the Colony of Lagos, Nov. 20, 1865, €uid is tl 
only surviving son of the late Rev. S. Pearse, * 
the CM. S. He was educated at the C.M.I 
Grctm. Sch. at Lagos ; was trained to con 
mercial pursuits on the West Coetst, and entere 
into a partnership in 1890 with the late I. A 
Thompson, trading in Lagos and London. Thi 
partnership was dissolved in 1894, when h 
started on his own account at Lagos and aftei 
wards at Old Calabar. In 1897 he visited Béni 
city and the £hdjoining forests, under Govt 
auspices, reporting on the rubber resources, etc 
He was elected in 1901 a Life Fellow of the R.CI 
He married, in June, 1897, Constance, eldest dau 
of J. P. Decker, of Lagos. 

PEARSON, Alfred Naylor, of Pietermaritz 
burg, was bom May 17, 1856, at Leeds, Eng 
and was educated in his native town and at the 
Royal Sch. of Mines, London. In 1874 he 
obtained a Royal Exhibition at that Institution, 
and for two years was at the head of the examina- 
tions, thus gaining two additional scholcirships. 
In 1877 he accepted a position in Kutch, India, 
in connection with the development of the 
minerai resources of the State. After thirteen 
months' service he resigned and was appointed 
temporcally Curator of the Victoria and Albert 
Muséum, Bombay, and acting Prof, of Biology 
of the Elphiuston Coll. in that city. In 1880 he- 
w£i8 appointed Résident Engmeer of the Wyn€^ad 
G.M.C., resigning that position in 1882 to assume 
temporary charge for two and a-half years of 
the Meteorological Department in Western 
India. In 1884 he was made Fellow of the 
University of Bombay ; at the end of that year 
he.left for Australia, and in the followiug year 
was appointed Examiner for higher degrees in 
varions science subjects at the University of" 
Melbourne. In 1886 he was appointed Chemist 
to the Dept. of Agriculture, Victoria, and 
subsequently Chemist of Lands, Agriculture 
and Water Supply in that Colony. In 1888 
he waa appointed Member of the Royal Inter- 
colonial Commission to report on proposcds by 
I Pasteur and others for suppressing the rabbit- 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

peet in AustraJia. After serviiig on varions 
conférences and receîving a resolution of thanks 
for " splendid services to the Agriculture of the 
State," he was appointed in 1901 Director of 
Agriculture in Natal, and subsequently gazetted 
aJso as Coniniissioner of Industries for that 

Under his direction a large expérimental farm 
of 3,600 acres is being laid out. He is the author 
of many reports, papers, and other writings upon 
the development of the minerai resources of 
India, meteorological works on parts of India, 
agriciiltural subjects connected with Australia, 
also on varions educational, scientific and literary 
matters, and a scheme of agricultural settlement 
for Natal, which he has written in co-authorship 
with the Surveyor-Gen. He married: first, 
in 1882, the eldest dau. of Dr. R. T. Corbett, 
M.D., etc., Glas., and second, in 1896, the eldest 
dau. of Richard Hardi ng, and sister of Maj. 
R. Harding, of Melbourne, Australia. 

PEEL, The Right Revd. William George, 
D.D., Lord Bishop of Mombasa, of Bishop's 
Court, Mombasa, East Africa, and the Mombasa 
Club, was bom in N. India, in 1864. He is son 
of Capt. Peel, who died in Calcutta of choiera. 
He was educated at the Blackheath Proprietary 
Sch., and at the Church Missionary TheologicaJ 
Coll., Islington ; was ordained Deacon at St. 
Paul's, London, in 1879 ; Priest, 1880 ; and was 
consecrated Bishop in 1899. He was Curate, 
Trowbridge, Wilts, 1879-80 ; Rugby Fox Master, 
Noble CoU., Masulipatam, 1880-87 (Acting- 
Principal for three years) ; Acting Secy. Chinrch 
Missionary Society, Diocèse of Madras, 1888, '89 
and '92, and was Secy. of the Church Missionary 
Society, Diocèse of Bombay, 1892-99. He 
married, Aug. 3, 1880, Agneta Jane, dau. of the 
Rev. R. Guy Bryan, late Principal of Monkton 
Combe School, nr. Bath. 

PEIRSON, Joseph Waldie, F.R.G.S., 
F.R.C.I., of Johannesburg (P.O. Box 661), of 
2, Mitre Court Buildings, Temple, E.C., and of 
the Royal Societies (London), the Rand, New, 
Athenaeum and Wanderers' (Johannesburg) 
Clubs, and the Jockey Club of S.A. ; was bom 
at Darlington, County Durham, July 31, 1866. 
He is eldest son of Joseph Peirson, of Stokesley, 
Yorks., and Margaret, dau. of Thomas Wcddie, 
of Darlington ; was educated at the High Sch., 
Pietermaritzbiu-g, and at Dr. Ehrlich's Sch., at 
Newcastle-on-Tyne. He is a Barrister of the 
Inner Temple, and Advocate of the Suprême 
Court of the Transvasai. He went to Natal in 

1877, and to Jobamiesburg in 1889, wherehe is 
on the boe^ds of several G.M. Cos. He heus been 
member of the Provincial Synod of S.A. and 
on the Diocesan Ssmods of Maritzburg and Pre- 
toria, on several occasions, cuid is Chancellor of 
the Diocèse of Pretoria (1903). He is aJso Vio©- 
Pres. of the Geological Soc. of S.A. ; on the 
Council of the Soc. of Accountants and Auditore 
of Eng. (Transvaal branch) ; Fellow of the 
Chartered Inst. of Secretariee (Eng.) ; Member 
of the Council of the Witwatersrand Agricultural 
Soc. ; Mem. of the Johannesburg Chamber of 
Conmierce, and Mem. of the Transvaal Chamber 
of Mines. His récréations are racing and bridge. 

PENTON, Majob (local Libut.-Col.) Richabi> 
HnaH, D.S.O., R.A.M.C., 3rd dass Medjidieh, 
4th class Osmanieh; of the War Office, Cairo, 
Egypt, and the Junior United Service Club, is 
the eldest son of the late Major-Gren. John Pen- 
ton. He was bom April 25, 1863, in Norfolk, 
and was educated at Norwich. Major Penton 
is M.R.C.S. and L.R.C.P. Lond. He joined the 
R.A.M.C. as Capt. in 1887, and saw service in the 
Dongola Expédition in 1896 (despatches, medal» 
two claspsandD.S.O.), in theNile Expédition as 
S.M.O. of the Infantry Division of the Egj^tian 
Army (despatches, medal, two clasps, Order of 
the Osmanieh), and in the Nile Expédition of 
the followiug year he served £is P.M.O. of the 
Egyptian Army in the first advsknce agcûnst the 
IQialifa (clasp and Egyptian medal and 3rd 
class Medjidieh). 

PETERS, Dr. Carl Friedrich Hubert, 
of 68, Buckingham Gâte, London, S.W. is 
the son of a Lutheran clergyman in Hanover. 
He was bom at Neuhaus, Hanover, in 1856, and 
was educat^ at the High Sch. of Ifeld (Hartz 
Mountains), and at the Univ. of Gottingen, 
Tûbingen, Berlin, and in London. He is weU 
known as an African explorer cmd adminÎB- 
trator, and is the f ounder of the Germcm Coloniaux 
tion Socy. In 1884 he euîquired in S.A. lafge 
tracts of land, and obtained for them an Im- 
périal Protectorate from the Oerman €k>vt. 
As head of the Oerman East Africa Co., he ex- 
tended its possessions and organized its statioziSy 
and was instrumente^ in bringing about a Colonial 
Congress in Berlin in 1886. In 1887 he retumed 
to E. Africa and fought his way through Manioa- 
land with reckless bloodshed eaxd tried to place 
Uganda under German protection. He beoame 
Impérial German High Commissioner in the 
1 KilimanJ£iro district, but had to resign his oom- 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

mission in the Grerman service after an inquiry 
into his treatment of the natives in Grerman E. 
Africa, which resulted in a verdict of " misuse of 
ojSicial power." He commanded the German 
Emin Pacha Relief expédition in 1889-90, and 
later, in 1899-1901, he embarked on a joumey 
through Portuguese territory south of the Zam- 
besi and along the eastem border of Charterland, 
spending much time in the Makalango country, 
on behaJLf of a gold sjnadicate which he had 
formed in England. The résulta of his trip were 
published in a book called " The Eldorado of 
the Ancients," much of which is devoted to show- 
ing that the région between the Lower Zambesi 
and the Limpopo was the Land of Ophir, and even 
the Egyptian " Punt." He further maintains 
that Pharaoh kept a Grovemor in this district, of 
which Quilimane was at that time the port. 
Dr. Peters has travelled on foot or horseback 
about 20,000 miles in the interior of Africa. 
His hunting trophies include 5 lion skins, 17 
rhino' homs, 7 double elephsmt tusks, and 4 
leopetf d skins. He has been decorated with the 
Order of the Prussian Crown, Albrecht Order 
(King of Saxony), Order of the Falcon (Grand 
Duke of Saxony), Order of the Lion of the Zâh- 
ringens (Baden), etc. In addition to " The 
Eldorado oi the Ancients," he is the author of 
several works, including " New Light on Dark 
Africa," •« King Solomon's Golden Ophir," " Sun 
and Soûl," etc., etc. Unmarried. 

PHILLIPS, Lionel, D.L., J.P., of 33, Gros- 
venor Square, London, and of Tylney Hall, 
Winchfield, Eng., was born in London in Aug. 
1854. He was on the diamond fields of Kimber- 
ley in the early days, but in 1889 he coached up 
to the Band, and joined the firm of H. Eckstein 
& Co., of which he became the chief aiter the 
death of Hermann Eckstein. As a mining engi- 
neer he had a very considérable expérience, but 
it required ail his knowledge, resolution and 
energy to combat the diffîculties of the early 
days of the Witwatersrand — ^not only the éco- 
nomie diffîculties which had to be solved, but 
also the obstacles which a reaction£ury govt. 
plcbced in the way of progress. Thèse latter 
bore especially hard on the mining industry, 
and in those days every captain of industry in 
the S.A.B. was forced in seU-defence to take an 
active part in locol poUtics. As Près, of the 
Johannesburg Ghamber of Mines and chief 
partner in the premier firm of the Rand, Mr. 
Lionel Phillips exercised the greatest influence 
in matters minerai and political. The long and 
bitter fight against Mr. Ejriiger^s govt. found an 

ardent champion in Mr. PhilUps. He 
of the four leeiders of the Reform me 
and after the failure of the ill-staxred 
enterprise, he was tried with Col. Frank 
J. Hays Hammond and Sir Geo. Faxrf 
and was condemned to death — a sentent 
was afterwards communted to a fine of 
and banishment, in default of an und 
not to rreddle in the politics of the S 
15 years, {See also Dr. Coster anc 
Gregorowsky). On retuming to Engl 
Phillips became a partner in the firm of \ 
Beit & Co., in connection with which he 
highly prominent place in financial 
although so far as (firectorships go he \ 
on the London Committees of the Ange 
Cason G.M., Main Reef Deep, and Mi 
East Companies, and on the Europet 
mittee of the East Rand Proprietarj 
Mr. Phillips is an able speaker, and wï 
his pubUc utterances or with his pen. 
expresses himself in adéquate and co; 
phrases. He takes a more than ordi 
terest in Egyptology ; is J.P. for Héu: 
a D.L., and a member of the Committee 
mercial Education in connection with i 
don Chamber of Commerce. 

When in the TransvaaJ Mr. and Mrt 
Phillips were at the head of the Uitlanc 
munity. In England they entert€dn cône 
and make capital hosts. Mrs. Philli] 
the Raid, published sm interesting hi 
that period. 

POISSON, Frederick Cutla», « 
tholomew House, London, E.C., is a 
one of the best families of S. Carolina. 
for some time engaged in mining in C( 
Texas, and other States. Subseqi 
went to the De Kaap, where he wenu 
rough times. In 1887, however, he U 
for the Witwatersrand, etnd managed 
cumulate a comfortable fortune. Si 
marriage Mr. Poisson has resided m 
Engleuid. He is Chairman of the Com 
Groldfields of Mexico and the Rand In^ 
Corporation, besides being on the Bc 
the Belfast G.M. Co., the Copiapo Gol< 
Felton's Copala Mines, Mexican (Oaxacc 
€md the Vista Allègre G.M. Estate. 

POTT, William, of the Rand, New, i 
toria Clubs, belongs to &a old Border 
about which Tancred quotes in his " i 
an old document, dated 1521, referrinj 
*<Potts, Rutherfords, Dalglishes, and I 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

who, with their followers, made a raid into Eng- 
land with two sleuthhounds and carried off a 
mimber of sheep and about 100 head of cattle." 
He was bom in Roxburghshire, educated at Edin- 
burgh Acad., and went to New Zealand in 
1883 to start stock farming, but not satisfied 
with this, proceeded to the Transvaal in connec- 
tion with the Oceana Consolidated Co. in 1889. 
He took up the property management for Mr. 
J. C. A. Henderson in 1890, and the gênerai 
managership of the Henderson Cos. in 1895, 
having meanwhile visited Matabeleland (1894) 
€ttid been on two extended big game shoots be- 
tween Leydsdorp 6uad Komati Poort (1892-3). 
He represented " South Africa " as spécial 
correspondent in Natal with Sir G. White's force, 
fiuad was through Ladysmith in that capacity. 
Mr. Pott is unmarried. 

POWELL, Edmund, of " Cambria," Harfield 
Rd., Claremont, near Cape Town, and of the 
City Club, C.T., was born in Worcestershire 
in 1849. He is son of W. Powell, of Worces- 
ter, where he was educated, and commenced 
liis business career. He joined the reporting 
stafï of the "City Press" in 1871, becoming 
sub-editor of that well-known journal. Trans- 
ferring to the " Cape Argus," as sub-ed. in 1880, 
he became editor in the f oUowing year, combining 
with that the Résident Directorship of the Argus 
V. & P. Co., in 1889. During this time he has 
taken part in most public movements in the 
capital of the Colony, including élection work 
and the organization of the Progressive party. 
He is on the executive of the S.A. Newspaper 
Press Union. Mr. Powell married, in 1876, EUen 
Maria, dau. of Thomas Price, of Worcester. 

POWRIE, F., M.L.A., sits in the Cape Légis- 
lative Assembly as Progressive Member for 
^Vodehouse, for which électoral division he was 
elected in Feb., 1904. 

PRETORHJS, HON. M. J., M.L.C., is Member 
of the Cape Législative Council for the North- 
East Circle, for which électoral division he W€« 
re-elected in Feb., 1904. He is a member of the 
S.A. party. 

PRICE, Thomas Ries, C.M.G., J.P., of Bryn 
Tirion, The Berea, Johannesburg, and of the 
Civil Service (C.T.), Rand, Pretoria, Bloem- 
fontein, and East London Clubs, was bom at 
Merthyr Tydvil, South Wales, Feb. 20, 1848. 
He is the son of the late Rees and Hannah Price, 
of Carmarthenshire, and wajs educated at Bal- 
larat, S. Australia, and Swansea. Mr. Price 

was trained for the railway service, and had a 
varied expérience in différent depts. of the 
Great Western Railway until 1880, when he 
became District Traffîc Superintendent of the 
Cape Govt. Rcûlways at Grahamstown, and 
acted as Asst.-Traffic Manager at Cape Town. 
He was Asst.-Traffic Manager at Port Elizabeth 
in 1881 ; Traffic Manager of the Eastem System, 
in 1882 ; Traffic Manager of the Northern Sys- 
tem in 1892; Cape Govt. Railway Agent in 
the Transvaal and O.R.C. in the same year ; Chief 
Traffic Manager in 1893, and Asst. General 
Manager of Railways in 1901. He acted as 
Sir James Sivewright's «diviser on raUway 
matters in the negotiations with the Transvaal 
in 1890 ; is Hon. Col. of the Railway and 
Post Office Batt. of the Cape Peninsula Regt., 
is J.P. for the Colony of the Cape of Good Hope» 
and Vice-Pres. of the Cape Cambrian Society. 
He married, March 26, 1872, Miss Mary HoweU» 
of Neath. 

PRIOR, Melton, the famous war corres- 
pondent and artist, is well-known in S.A., 
where he has represented the ** Hlustrated 
London News " on many occasions. His ser- 
vices on behalf of that paper hâve been retained 
on the folio wing occasions : — Ashanti War, 1873 ; 
the Carliat Rising, 1874; the Herzegovinian, 
Servian, Turkish, Basuto, Zulu and first Boer 
Wars ; Egypt, 1882 ; the Sudan and Nile Expédi- 
tion, the Burmese War, the Jameson Raid épi- 
sode of 1896, the Graeco-Turkish War eoid the 
Tuchim rising of 1897. He was besieged in 
Ladysmith during the Boer War of 1899-1902, 
and is now representing his paper in the Russo- 
Japanese War. In addition to thèse services 
as war artist, Mr. Prier accompcuiied King 
Edward' s (then Prince of Wales') suite to Athens 
in 1875, travelled with the Danish King's expé- 
dition through Iceland, accompanied the Mar- 
quess and Marchioness of Lomé on their fîxBt 
visit to Canada, and was présent at the Berlin 
Conférence. In 1902 he left to represent his 
journal at the Coronation Durbar at Delhi. 

RABIDGE, W., M.L.A., représente Vryburg 
in the Cape Parhament, to which he weus retumed 
in Feb., 1 904. He supports the Progressive party, 

RABIE, DiBK DE Vos, M.L.A., is Bond Mem- 
ber of the Cape Législative Assembly for Wor- 
cester, for which électoral division he was re- 
elected in Feb. 1904. 

RADEMEYER, Jacobus Michael, M.L.A., 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

is member of the Cape Législative Assembly for 
^llInansdo^p, for which électoral division he wûs 
re-elected in Feb., 1904, He belongs to the S.A. 

RADZIWILL, Princess Catherine, of Kenil- 
worth, near Cape Town, was bom in 1858 ;\8he is 
descended from a princely Polish family, her 
father, Count Adam Rzewuski having been 
formerly Ambassador at Madrid, and A.D.C. 
to Czar Nicholas I. Her mother was Mdlle. 
Daschkoff. The Princess was a nièce of Gen. 
Skobeloff, and also of Mme. de Balzac, wife of 
the great novelist at whose house in Paris she 
spent many of her early days. She was edu- 
cated in the Parisian capital, and was betrothed 
at the âge of fifteen to Prince W. Radziwill, 
whom she married in 1873. She then resided 
mostly at Berlin where she became intimately 
acquainted with the Emperor WiUiam II, 
the Emperor and Empress Frederick and the 
présent German Emperor, and moved in the 
highest court and diplomatie circles in Germany 
and Kussia. 

Taking up joumalism, she started a weekly 
paper in Cape Town called ** Greater Britain." 
In May, 1902, she was convicted in Cape Town 
of forging the late Mr. Cecil Rhodes' signature 
to a bill for £1,000, and was sentenced to two 
years' détention in a house of correction. She 
weus released, however, in Aug. 1903, and in 
the folio wing Nov., obtained a writ against Mr. 
Rhodes' trustées in respect of a claim against 
his eetate for £1,400,000 under an alleged agrée- 
ment dated about June 20, 1899. 

Princess Radziwill has published some novels 
in French, and has contributed a good deal 
to the British and American press. 

RATHBONE, Edoab Philip, of Johannes- 
burg (P.O. Box 927), and of the Rand, Pretoria, 
€Lnd Barberton Clubs, was born at Liverpool, 
"Sept. 3, 1856. He is the son of the late Mr. 
PhiUp H. Rathbone, of Liverpool, was edu- 
cated at Univ. Coll., London, the Royal 
'Sch. of Mines, London, and at the Sch. of 
Mines at Freîberg and Liège. He is a member 
of the f ollowing institutions : Institute of 
Civil Engineers, Institution of Mining and 
Metallurgy, S. Afric€ui Association of Engineers, 
-Chemical, Metallurgicàl emd Mining Society 
of S.A., Geological Society of S.A., and is an 
Aissociate Member of the Chamber of Mines, 
•Johannesburg, During some twenty-five years 
Mr. Rathbone has been engeiged in active 
xnining opérations in S.A., Bolivia, Argentine 

Republic, the Brazils, Mexico, U.S.i 
Columbia, Klondyke, and many of the 
mining districts. From the first he 
firm beUef in the deep-level propert 
Rand, upon which he made man 
and did great service to the industrj 
with Mr. W. A. Wills, by writing i 
articles drawing attention to the 
potentialities of the Rand Goldfields, 
through the médium of the " Soui 
Mining Journal " and the " African 
He is at présent the sole mining cor. 
in the Transv€tal of the " Times," an 
as correspondent of the " Financier 
lionist." For several years Mr. 
occupied the position of Chief In 
Mines under the late Transvaal 
married Miss Barbara Georges in 1 

new Bond représentative of the elec 
sion of George, C.C., in the Assemb 
been first elected in Feb. 1904. 

RAYNE, Leonabd, of Johannet 
for some years past been a promii 
as £u:tor and manager in the theati 
of S.A. He is lessee of the Gaiet- 
Johannesburg, joint lessee of the Pori 
Opéra House, besides running several 
ventures in other S.A. towns. 

REED, Rev. George Cuixbn 
F.R.G.S., F.R.C.I., of the Londo: 
Domb£u:lema ; of Bulilima, S. Rho< 
the Bulawayo Club ; was bom at St. 
on-Sea, Eng., ; is son of the Rev. Ane 
B.A., and grandson of the Rev. And 
D.D., founder of the Earlswood, 
and Putney ABylums. He was ed 
the Univ. CoU. Sch., Lond., a 
Coll., Lond. He first visited S.A. in 
travelled for five years in Cape C 
Natal. In 1894 he undertook mis 
in Rhodesia under the Lond. Missic 

REID, Arthur Henry, F.R.C.I., c 
mead, Kenilworth, Cape Town, and o 
(C.T. ) and Rand Clubs ; was bom at '. 
Devon, July 6, 1856 ; was educati 
Gram. Sch., Plymouth, and was 1 
an engineer. He went to Cape Town 
Aj3st. City Engineer; was appoii 
Engineer of Grahamstown in ISli 
1882 steirted a private pra.ctice in I 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

beth. He went to the Band in 1886, practising 
as an architect ; sat on the Johannesburg 
Town Council for some ye€irs, and took an active 
part in the foundation of scientific and technical 
institutions. In 1897 he retumed to Cape Town 
where, in partnership with his brother, Walter 
Keid, he still practises his profession. Mr. A. H. 
Keid is Fellow of RoycJ Inst. of British Archi- 
tects ; Fel. Sanitary Inst. of Great Britain ; 
Chairman of Board of Examiners for Sanitary 
Inst. in S.A. ; Past Près, of S.A. Assoc. of 
Engineers (Johannesburg) ; Councillor for City 
of Cape Town, and F. S. A. He mamed, June 15, 
1884, Miss Victoria Walsh. 

REYERSBACH, Louis J., of Welfenheim, 
Johannesburg, was bom in Hsuiover, Germany, 
in 1869. He is son of M. M. Reyersbach, and was 
educated in Hanover. Mr. Reyersbach was for 
some years in Kimberley and London in chcurge 
of the diamond business of the great firm of 
Wemher, Beit & Co. He joined the house of 
H. Eckstein & Co., at the end of 1901, and 
represents that firm on the Boards of the Rand 
Mines, Ltd., the Robinson, and other of the 
premier G.M. Cos. of the Rand. He was in 
Kimberley during the siège, and is a member 
of the Executive of the TVansvaal Chamber of 
Mines. Mr. Reyersbach married, in 1897, Miss 
Martha Wallach, of Aix-la-Chapelle. 

REYNOLDS, Edward Chaules, of Highgate, 
London, and of the Durban, Pretoria and City 
(C.T.) Clubs, was bom in London, Cet. 12, 
1869, and was educated privately. He has been 
long connected with banking interests in S.A., 
and is now Manager of the National Bank of 
S.A. Ltd., London. He married, in 1896, Miss 
Caldecott, of Johannesburg. 

RHODES, Col. Francis William, D.S.O. 
Bom in 1851, is the son of the late Rev. F. 
W. Rhodes, Vicar of Bishop Stortford, and elder 
brother of the late Right Hon. Cecil J. Rhodes. 
He was educated at Eton, and entered the 
Ist (Royal) Dragoons in 1873, obtaining Col.'s 
rank in 1889. He took part in the Sudan cam- 
paign in 1884, and was présent at El Teb and 
Tamai, for which he received the Egj'ptian 
medal with clasp and the Klhedive's Star. Later 
Col. Rhodes served in the Nile Expédition 
under Gen. Sir Herbert Stewart, who described 
him as the best A.D.C. a General was 
ever fortunate enough to hâve. He took part 
in the actions of Abu Klea and El Gubat. In 
1888 he was employed at Suakin, being présent 

at the action at Gamaizah. He weus Military 
Secy. to the Govemor of Bombay, and acted 
at Chief Staff Officer to Sir Gerald Portal's 
Uganda Mission, when he suffered severely 
from black-water fever. He retumed home in 
1893, and subsequently acted £is administrator 
in Rhodesia during Dr Jameson's absence in 

Col. Rhodes represented the Consolidated 
Goldfields of S.A. in Johannesburg, and 
took a leading part in the Uitlanders' Re- 
form movement of 1896-6, for which he was 
condenmed to suffer death by hanging. This 
sentence was conunuted on the same terms as 
Messrs. Hay^ Hanmiond, Lionel Phillips and 
Sir Geo. Farrar. On being liberated from 
Pretoria gaol with a âne of £25,000, he refused. 
to give lus undertaking not to meddle in the 
politics of the State, and was put across the 
border. He immediately proceeded to Mata- 
beleland to take part in the suppression of the 
rébellion. He attended the Delhi Durbcir as the 
guest of Lord Kitchener. 

RICARDE-SEAVER, Major F. L, Knt. Com- 
mander of the Royal Military Order of Christ, 
Knight Commander of the Order of Isabella 
the Catholic, ËJiight Offîcer of the Impérial 
Order of the Rose ; member of the Athenseum 
Club ; was bom in 1836 at Hand Park, Rush, 
in the County of Dublin. He was early intended 
for the law, but his inclination being in the 
direction of Natural Science the idea of a légal 
career was abandoned, and he applied himself 
to the study of chemistry, electricity, geology, 
mining and engineering. At the ctge of twenty 
he proceeded with the late Prof. Forbes» 
F.R.S., to the Andes and adjacent territories 
in S. America, for the purpose of studying 
the geological conditions, and to ascertain, if 
possible, the probable minerai wealth of the 
country. At the conclusion of the mission he 
was appointed Govt. Assayer at Vàlparaiso, a 
position which he retained for severàl yeetfa. 
At the âge of twenty-six he «iccepted the position 
of Inspector-Gen. of Mines to the Argentine 
RepubUc. For twelve years he laboured to open 
up the country by means of railways and tele- 
graphs, with such success that in 1874, 1,600 
miles of rails were in regular traffîc, and 3,000 
more were in course of construction, while 
8,000 miles of telegraph wires were available 
for communication between the various parts of 
the Republic. He also initiated the laylng of 
the Trans-Atlantic Cable via Brazil to Europe. 
Thèse twelve years of his life were how- 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

ever not spent entirely in peaceful pursuits, 
for when war broke out with Paraguay he was 
created a Major in the Argentine Army, and 
served with distinction through that long and 
severe campaign. During this period he made 
several business visits to Europe for the purpose 
of conducting important negotiations more or 
less of a fînancial character on behalf of the 
Republic. In 1871 he raised in London a loan of 
£6,000,000 for the Argentine Govt., the whole 
of which sum wàs devoted to the construction 
of railways, telegraphs, and other public works. 
In 1874 he retumed to Europe in a Consular 
capacity. He then devoted Imnself to science 
and literature for some time, publishing, amongst 
other works, what is still a standard work of référ- 
ence, " The Minerai and other Resources of the 
Argentine Republic." He also €U3ted as Spécial 
Correspondent for various papers in S.A. 

Maj. Ricarde-Seaver is a strong Imperialist, 
and in the year 1888 he took up the subject 
of S. African development. The expansion 
of our Empire north and west of the Transvaal 
was due in 'some measure to his foresight and 
energy. He obtained a concession of 400 square 
miles from Khajna in Bechuanaland and suc- 
ceeded in obtaining the financial support of 
Lord Rothschild and other capitalists, who sub- 
scribed £50,000 to carry out explorations right 
up to the Zambesia and beyond. In conjunc- 
tion with Lord GifEord, V.C., and others he 
organized an expédition to proceed to Bulawayo 
and obtain from the King Lobengula the right 
to prospect and work gold and other mines in 
Matabeleland and Mashonaland. It was at this 
period that he was brought into contact with 
the great Imperialist, Cecil Rhodes, and on the 
suggestion of Lord Rothschild it was arranged 
that their efforts should be devoted to obtaining 
from H.M. Govt. the charter to administer 
that great territory known as Rhodesia. He is a 
Fellow of the Royal Soc. of Edin., of the Geo- 
graphical Soc. of London, of the Royal Greo- 
^aphical Soc, a member of the Royal Institu- 
tion of Great Britain, and an Associate of the 
Institute of Civil Engineers. Mr. Ricarde- 
Seaver married first, in 1863, an English wife, 
whom he lost in 1875, leaving an only son; 
secondly, he married H.S.H. the Princess Marie 
Lousie de Looz et Corswarem, née Princess 
Grodoy de Bassano of Spain. The Princess died 
in 1880, and in 1891 Mr. Ricarde-Seaver 
married the Mctrquise de la Laurencie-Charras, 
of Paris and Château de Charras. 

RICHARDS, RoGEB Chabnock, of 3, Grace- 

church St., E.C., and of 2, King's Bench ' 
Temple, E.C., and of the City Libéral 
Bcirrister-at-LÂw ; was formerly a che 
manufactiirer in Manchester, is now a dû 
of many important mlning cos., incl 
Henderson's Transvaal Estâtes, and the 
solidated Rand-Rhodesia Trust. Mr. Rie 
has aiways taken a keen interest in pol 
he once unsuccessf ully contested a parliame: 
constituency in the Libéral interest ; anc 
sat on a Grovemment railway conunission. 
plays golf, and one of his sons was capta 
Dulwich Collège. 

RICKETTS, Abthxtb, C.M.G., M.B. (Le 
M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P., of " Freshfield," Woo( 
Park, London, was bom at Haywards H< 
Sussex, Aug. 7, 1874. He is son of Wm. 1 
Ricketts, Solicitor, of Chailey, near Le 
and was educated at Dulwich CoU. He 
House Physician at Univ. CoU. Hosp., 
served as Civil Surgeon in the 
Field Force, 1899-1901, being mentionec 
Lord Roberts' despatches, and receiving 
C.M.G., medal and clasps for Paardeb 
Driefontein, Relief of Kimberley, Wittebe: 
and Transvaal. He retumed to S.A. as Si 
Capt. in the Irish Horse, 1902, relinquisl 
his command in Feb., 1903, with the hon. i 
of Capt. in the Army. 

ROBERTSON, James, of Salisbury, Rhode 
entered the Administrator's Dept., Dec. 18 
acted as Secy., to the Administrator from A 
1896, to Sept, 1897. He served in the Mashc 
land Rébellion, 1896-97 (medal); was Ad 
Under-Secy., Apr. 26-June 1898; and fi 
Jan. 31 to May 1, 1899, Acting Govt. Represeï 
tive at Enkeldoom, Jime 1898 ; and ^ 
appointed Clerk to the Législative and Execui 
Councils, May 1, 1899. 

ROBERTSON, William, R.M., of Bethleh< 
O.R.C., was bom at Swellendam, C.C, Nov. 
1861. He is of Scotch descent ; grandson of ^ 
Rev. Dr. Wm. Robertson, of Cape Town, a 
son of Peter John Robertson. He was educal 
at Grey CoU., Bloemfontein, and entered 1 
Free State Govt. service as clerk to the Sti 
Attomey in 1881, subsequently holding t 
foUowing appointments : Clerk to the Co] 
missioner at Thaba *Nchu, 1884 ; Asst. Registi 
of the High Court, 1885; Landdrost Clerk 
Kroonstad, 1886 ; Landdrost Clerk at Bloei 
fontein, 1890 ; Postmaster at Bloemfontein, ai 
Landdrost at Ficksburg, 1891 ; Landdrost 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

BoshoS, 1894 ; and Landdrost at Kroonstad, 1895. 
He was reappointed Magistrate o£ Kroonsta^ ai ter 
theBritish occupation in May, 1902, and became 
B.M. of Bethlehem in the June following. 

Mr. Bobertson was considered one of the best 
target shots in the Free State £roni 1888 to 
1898, and in the latter year secured a ba4ge in 
the Govemor's Prize, being llth out of some 
300 competitors. He bas also won several 
cups and medals at target shooting. He married, 
March 14, 1888, Ada Elizabeth, eldest dau. of 
the late State Attomey C. J. Vels. 

ROBINSON, Major Ernest Rokeby, 
F.R.G.S., F.R.C.I. ; of Sandown, Isle of Wight ; 
the Green House, Besuidenhout, Johcumesburg ; 
«md of the Junior United Service and the Sports 
Clubs, was bom at Brussels, Jan. 30, 1872; is 
son of Maj. John Robinson of Lydd, Kent ; 
was educated privately ; joined the 4th Royal 
Irish Riâes, and has seen service in the Niger- 
Sudan Campaign, 1896-7 (mentioned in Sir 
Geo. Goldie's Report, medal and clasp); com- 
manded the artillery in the opérations on the 
Niger, 1895-8 (R. Niger Co.'s medal and clasp) ; 
Ebusa-Upinam Expédition, 1898 (clasp) ; Sierra 
Lfcone Rébellion as Adjt. of the S.L.F.F., 1898-9 
(medal and clasp) ; S.A. War as Adjt., St£ifii 
Capt. and D.A.A.G. Imp. Yeo., 1900-1902; (two 
medals with three and two clasps. ) Maj. Robinson 
has won several swimming trophies, and has had 
Bome big gaine shooting on the Niger. He 
married, Jan. 19, 1901, Minnie Edith, dau. of 
John Crochett, of Wimbledon and Singapore. 

ROBINSON, Léo George, J.P., of Bulawayo ; 
was appointed Clerk in the Chief Native Com- 
missioner's Office, Bulawayo, Feb. 1, 1897 ; 
Asst. Native Commissioner, July 1, 1897. 

ROBINSON, Joseph Benjamin, of Dudley 
House, Park Lane, was bom in Cradock, Eastern 
Province, C.C., in 1845. Formerly farming in 
the Colony, he moved to the Vaal River diggings 
and then to Kimberley, of which he was Mayor 
in 1880. He was M.L.A. for Griqualand (West) 
for four years, and went to the Rand in July 
1896. Hewas oneof the fîrst capitalists to sink 
money in the new fields. Within three days of 
his arrivai he purchased the Langlaagte Estate 
(which at that time included the Block "B ") 
for £7,000, and in the foUowing Sept, he bought 
a half interest in the De Villiers Mynpacht (now 
the Robinson G.M. Co.) for £1,100, and two 
months later was able to buy the remaining 
jnoiety for £12,000. Shortly afterwards, with 

extraordinary perspicuity, he made up his mind 
as to the westerly trend of the main reef séries, 
and purchased for the Robinson Synd. the lar^e 
block of farms constituting the Randfontem. 
group. He is Chairman of the Robinson South 
African Bank, and Chairman of the large group 
of Randfontein and Langlaagte Cos., and is 
perhaps the onlyfinancial magnate who always 
plays a lone hand in regard to his African enter- 
prises. Mr. Robinson served in the Basuto War, 
and was at other times on commando. He was 
on intimate terms with ex-Pres. Kriiger ; takes 
considérable interest in politics, and is fond of 
yachting. He is married, and has a large family. 

RODD, Sir James Rennell, K.C.M.G., C.B., 
of the British Embassy, Rome ; 17, Stratford 
Place, W., and of the TraveUers', Athenœum, 
St. James', Beef steak, Authors', and Cos- 
moplitan Clubs, was bom Nov. 9, 1868. He is 
son of the late Major Jas. RenneU Rodd, and 
was educated at Hiaileybury Coll., and at Balliol 
CoU., Oxon, where, in 1880, he gcdned the 
Newdigate JPrize with a poem on Sir Walter 
Raleigh. He joined the Diplomatie Service, and 
after serving in Berlin (where he had much con- 
fidential work entrusted to him), in Athens, 
Rome and Paris, he went to Zanzibctr, where he 
acted as Agent and Consul-Gen. for some months. 
In 1894 he was transferred to Cairo, becoming 
Second Secy. to the British Agent, and acting 
on varions occasions as Agent and Consul-Gen. 
In 1897 he was selected to leave on a spécial 
mission to the Emperor Menelik in Abyssinia. 
On his retum he resumed his duties at Caire, 
until in 1901 he was appointed Secy. of Embassy 
at Rome. In addition to several volumes of 
poems he has published a biographical sketch 
of the Emperor Frederick, and " Customs and 
Lore of Modem Greece." He m€urried, in 1895, 
Lilias, dau. of the late Jas. Gutherie, of Craigie, 

ROGERS, Sm John Godfrey, K.C,M.G., 
D.S.O., Grand Cordon of the Medjidieh, 2nd 
class Osmanieh, of Cairo, Egypt, and the Turf 
(Cairo) and Junior Army and Navy (London) 
Clubs, is the second son of the late G. F. H. 
Rogers, and Francis, youngest dau. of the late 
Richard Phillips, of Gaile, co. Tipper€ury. He 
was bom April 11, 1850, in Dublin, and was 
educated at Trinity Coll., Dublin, where he 
graduated B.A., M.B., M.Ch. Sir John entered 
the Army Médical Dept. in 1871, and was made 
Surg. in 1873, Surg.-Maj. in 1882, and 
S\irg.-Lieut.-Col. in 1891. He served in the 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

Afghan War in 1878 to 1881 (medal). He 
accompanied the Egyptîan Expédition in 1882, 
and was présent at Kassassin and Tel-el-Kebir 
(despatohes, medal with clcksp, and bronze stctr). 
He was appointed temporarily P.M.O. of the 
Egyptian Ajrmy during the choiera épidémie 
of 1883, and was later appointed permanently 
to that post. Sir John organized the Médical 
Corps of the Egyptian Army, and went through 
the Nile Expédition as P.M.O. in 1884-85 
(despatches, clasp, and 3rd class Osmanieh). 
He served with the Sudan Frontier Field 
Force in 1885-86, and was présent at the 
action of Giniss (despatches, D.S.O.). With the 
Suakin Field Force in 1885 he took part in the 
action of Gamaizan (despatches, clasp, 2nd 
class Medjidieh, promoted Major-Gen.). While 
he waa Director-Gen. of the SanitÉtry Dept., 
Ministry of Interior, 1892-99, he introduced 
varions législative Acts dealing with the sanita- 
tion of the country Mid the outbreaks of choiera 
and plague. He retired from the Egyptian 
service Nov., 1899, and was appointed Local 
Man6kger of the New Egyptian Co., Ltd., 1899. 
He is also Local Manager of the Sudan Develop- 
ment and Exploration Co., Ltd. ; Chairmcm of 
the Anglo-American Nile Steamer and Hôtel 
Co., Ltd. ; Director of the Agricultural Bank 
of Egypt, and of some other cos. His récréa- 
tions are fishing and shooting, €uid he has 
travelled in Canada, Iceland, Finland, Bussia 
and Sweden in search of sport. He married, Sept. 
26, 1883, Edith Louisa Juha, dau. of the late 
Major W. F. H. Sykes, of the Bombay Cavalry. 

ROLLAND, Capt. Geoboe Murray, V.C, 
Ist Bombay Grenadiers, Indian Army, is the 
son of the late Major Patrick Murray RoUand, 
R.A. He was bom at Wellington, India, May 12, 
1869 ; was educated at Harrow, and Sandhurst, 
and on Nov. 9, 1889, joined the 2nd Batt. Bed- 
fordshire Regt. as 2nd Lieut., became Ist Lieut. 
in 1891, Capt. Nov. 9, 1900, and in Aug. of the 
folio wing year joined the Lidian Army. He 
was Adjt. of the Ist Bombay Grenadiers 
from 1894 to 1901, cmd was with the Somaliland 
Field Force from Oct., 1902, to June, 1903, 
acting as Intelligence Officer to the Berbera- 
Bohotle Flying Column, and Staff Officer to 
Maj. J. E. Gough's Coliunn. It was while in 
Somaliland that Capt. Rolland won the coveted 
distinction of the Victoria Cross, under circum- 
ptances related in the biographical sketch of 
Maj. W. G. Walker (q.v.). 

ROLLER, Majob Geobob Conbad, of 

Tadley, Basingstoke, euid the Arts Club, 
bom in London in 1856. He is son of Fre< 
Wm. RoUer, and was educated at Westmix 
Sch., afterwards studying hard for three yea 
Paris under Bougereau. He then travelled 
Bome years in Australia, New Zealand, 1 
and Argentina. He is an curtist by {Hrofese 
and was made a Fellow of the Royal Soc 
Painter Etchers in 1887. He rode for many yt 
as a qualified gentleman rider under Natic 
Hunt Rules, until a severe accident made 1 
relinquish this form of sport. He wéus 
pointed to the Surrey Bench in 1888, and to 
London County Bench in the foUowing y< 
When the S.A. War broke out he voluntee 
and went out with the Middlesex Yeomcuiry 
Col.-Sergt., soon obtaining his Commissi 
On retuming home in 1900 he took up a oc 
mission in the I.Y. in G. Britain, He marri 
in 1884, Mary, dau. of W. HaUiday, of Tham 
New Zeedand. 

ROSS, Abohab Russell, was appoint 
Native Commissioner for the Makoni Die 
Apr. 20, 1895. Li 1900 he was sent on spec 
service to purchase cattle in Australia. 

ROSS, HoN. William, M.L.C, was bom 
Stranraer, Scotland, in 1850. He was f 
many years Manager of the Oriental Bai 
Corporation, and is now head of the firms 
Ross, Priest & Page, of Kimberley, and Roi 
Page & O'Reilly, of Johannesburg. He hi 
been member of the Cape Législative Council f< 
Griqualand West since 1883. He is fond < 
sport, a well-known boxer, ctnd married a dai 
of the late Geo. Page, of Blœmfontein. 

ROULIOT, Geobge, Knt. of the Légion < 
Honour, was bom in France, Aug. 15, 1861. H 
was educated in Paris, and at the Umi 
of Bonn, Germany. He took an engineerin 
degree in Paris, «md went to S.A. i 
1882 as General Manager of the Cie. General 
de Mines de Diamants in Kimberley, where th 
Cape Govt. appointed him to the Dutoitspa 
Mining Board and the Board for the Protectio 
of Mining Interests. After the De Beers Amalgs 
mation in 1890 he left Kimberley and joine( 
Mr. Beit and Lord Remdolph Churchill in thej 
expédition through Mashonaland, retuming vi 
Beira. Mr. Rouliot joined the firm of Eckstei 
in 1892, and was admitted a psurtner two year 
later. He was one of the early believers in th 
Deep Levels, and was associated with the Ran^ 
Mines, Ltd., from the inception of the Compaa} 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

He has been on the Executive Committee of the 
Chamber of Mines since 1894, and was Près, 
of the Chamber from 1897 until 1902. Mr. 
RoiiHot worked assiduously for the reopening 
of the mines during the latter pajii of the war 
period, and his services in this connection were 
acknowledged in Lord Katchener's despatches. 

ROWLAND, Fbederick, of Parktown West, 
Johannesburg (Box 4376), and of the Athenseum 
Club, Johannesburg, was bom Apr. 13, 1871 ; 
was educated privately, and went to S.A. in 
June, 1889, engaging in commercial pursuits in 
Cape Town, Durban, Lindley, Bloemfontein and 
Johannesburg. He acted as Secy. of the Chemical 
and Metallurgicai Soc. in 1896 ; was secy. of 
companies from 1897 to 1899 ; became Secy. of 
the Uitlander Council on its inception in 1889, 
and remained such until the outbreak of war ; 
was secy. of the conmiittee formed for the 
purpose of raising Irregular Corps in Natal ; 
bec£une Lient, of Bethune's M.I. on formation ; 
Capt. and Quartermaster in Nov. 1900 ; re- 
signed Apr. 1902, to take up appointment in 
the Mines Dept. of the Transvaal. This he 
vacated in the foUowing Nov. to enter the 
service of H. Eckstein & Co. He is also Secy. 
to the Chemical, Metallurgicai and Mining 
Soc. of S.A., ajid Associate of the Chartered 
Institute of Secretaries, Eng. While on active 
service he married, Aug. 6, 1900, Maud Mary 
Peutney, who served as nurse in the Natal 
Volunteer service through the siège of Lady- 

ROWLATT, Fredekick Terry, of Cairo, 
and of the Turf Club, Cairo, was bom at Alex- 
andria, Feb. 10, 1865 ; is son of the late A. H. 
Rowlatt, bankor, of Egypt ; was educated at 
Fettes Coll., Edin., where he won swimming 
prizes ; entered the Bank of Egypt in London 
in 1885 ; transferred to the Egyptian branch, 
of which he acted as Manager. He left this to 
take up the sub-governorship of the National 
Bank of Egypt in Cairo. He became a Fellow 
of the Institute of Bankers, London, in 1902. 
He married, May 14, 1903, Edith May, dau. 
of T. E. Comish, C.M.G., of Alexandria. 

ROWSELL, Charles Frederick, of Ridge 
Green House, South Nutfield, Eng., was bom 
in London, June 21, 1864. He was originally a 
soliciter, and practised as such for a good many 
years, and then joined the well-finown firm 
of Lewis & Marks (see Isaac Lewis and Samuel 
Marks). Although the fibrm with which he is 

connected is not interested in Rhodesian under- 
takings, Mr. Rowsell himself has a considérable 
stake in the prosperity of Charterland, aad is 
Chairman of the United Rhodesia Groldfields, 
the Jumbo G.M. and the Mayo Rhodesia De- 
velopment Co., besides being on the Boards 
of the Tanganyika Concessions and the Zam- 
besia Exploring Co. He aJso represents lus 
firm as Chairman of the Grootvlei Prospecting 
Synd., Simoona Development Co., and Director 
of the East Rand Mining Estâtes, Swazilcmd 
Corporation, Transvaal Estâtes and Develop- 
ment Co., Transvaal Feurms and Finance Co., 
Transvaal Proprietary, African and European 
Agency, Goldfields of Matabeleland, Inter- 
national Syndicate and many other Cos. 

Mr. Rowsell has been the sole architect of his 
own fortunes, having come to London in 1890 
without literally a single acquaintance in the 
great metropolis. It is needless to say that he 
has raised his structure in a remarkably able 
manner. He married, in 1903, Miss OUve C. 

ROYLE, Charles, of Cairo, and of the 
Khedivial (Cairo), and the Junior Athenseum 
(London) Clubs, was bom at Lymington, Hauts, 
Dec. 24, 1838 ; is fourth son of Wm. Royle, 
soliciter ; was educated at Queenwood Coll., 
Hants, and served as an offîcer in the Roy^ 
Navy from 1854 to 1863. Mr. Royle is a Bar- 
rister-at-Law, having been called to the Bar 
at Lincoln' s Inn, Nov., 1865, and is Judge of 
the Egyptian Court of Appeal. He is author of 
" The Egyptian Campaigns,'* published by 
Hurst & Blackett. Unmarried. 

ROYLE, George, of Gezireh, Cairo and Port 
Said ; of 11, De Vere Gardens, London ; and of 
the Khedivial Sporting Club, Cairo, and Con- 
stitutional Club, London ; is the fifth son of 
the late William Royle, soliciter, of Lj^mington, 
Hemts, and was bom, July 8, 1841, at Lyming- 
ton. He was educated at Queenwood Coll. cmd 
Southampton Coll. Mr. Royle was présent at the 
taking of Peiho Forts, 1860, and with the Naval 
Brigade on the march to Pékin, and was engaged 
with Flotilla on the Pei Ho and Wen Ho Rivera 
during the continuance of hostilities. He was 
subsequently on H.M.S. Havock when that 
vessel successfully attacked the pirate town of 
Foo-Shcm on the Yangtze, and captured many 
Impérial war junks later on up the Yangtze 
River. He left the Royal Navy, 1863 or 1864, 
and was called to the Bar at Lincoln's Inn, 
Jan. 1870. He went to Egypt (Port Said) in 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

1871» and was appointed P. & O. Agent in 1875. 
He bas been Manager of the Port Saîd cuid Suez 
Coal Co. since 1872, and was appointed représen- 
tative in Egypt of Lambert Bros., Ltd., in 1902. 
He is cJso cihairman of the local Board of 
Directors of the Egyptian Sait and Soda Co. 
His récréations cu'e yachting and sculling, and 
formerly Alpine climbing. He married,in 1878, 
Fannie Longueville, eldest dau. of Thomas 
Snow, Barrister-at-Law. 

RUDD, Charles Dunell, of 23, Hyde Park 
Gcurdens, London ; Ardnamurchem, Argyll- 
shire ; and of the Union and United University 
Clubs, and Bear Commodore of Royal Highland 
Yacht Club ; was bom at Hanworth Hall, 
Norfolk, Oct. 22, 1844. He was educated at 
Harrow and Cambridge, at both of which he 
distinguished himself in athletics. He won the 
Harrow mile, J-mile, hurdle race, and throwing 
the cricket baJl in '62; ccurried off the Liter- 
University Bacquet trophiee for Camb. in 
*66, and owing to a breakdown through over- 
training at Camb., he sailed to the Cape in 1866 
for the benefit of his health, and there occupied 
some f ew years mainly in shooting expéditions in 
Zululand and Swaziland together with the f amous 
John Dunn and others. He joined the first rush 
to Kimberley, where he and Mr. Cecil Rhodes 
each purchaised a quarter claim in De Beers, 
which they subsequently amsJgamated and 
worked in paiinership (1871), thus forming the 
nucleus which, after a long séries of purchases, 
amalgamations, emd absorptions, taking up 
many years of patient effort, eventually led to 
the formation of the De Beers Consolidated 
Mines. The foundations of the Rhodes and Rudd 
psurtnership were laid by a séries of profitable 
pumping contracte in the De Beers and Du 
Toit' s Pan mines, and were further strengthened 
by the acquisition of various diamond properties. 
From 1883 to 1888 Mr. Rudd represented 
Kimberley in the Cape Parliament, with the 
main objeot of introducing législation bearing on 
the questions of the compound System, and the 
I.D.B. and the liquor laws. Thèse ends being 
attained he did not seek re-election. 

The year 1886 witnessed the inception of 
the Gold Fields of S.A., Ltd., from which 
the existing colossal corporation in its " Con- 
solidated " form WÉUS developed under the 
joint managing direction of Messrs. Rudd & 
Rhodes. IMbr. Rudd was eJso instrumental in 
obtcûning the minerai and land concessions from 
Lobengula in 1888, on which the Charter to the 
British S.A. Co., was based. He has nowretired 

from his directorships and ail active busii 
the City. He married : first, in 1868, 
Chiappini; and second, in 1898, Miss Wal 

RUFFER, Dr. Marc Armand, M. A., 

(Oxon), B.S., F.L.S., F.S.S., F.R.M.S., 2nd 

Medjidieh, 2nd class Osmanieh, Commanc 

the Orders of the Saviour of Greece, an 

Anne of Russia ; of Ramleh, Egypt, and ( 

Royal Societies (Lond.), Turf (Cairo) 

Khedivial (Alexandria) Clubs, was bor 

Lyons, France, Aug. 29, 1859 ; is third e 

the late Baron A. de Ruffer, late Cons 

Switzerland ; was educated privately, an 

Brasenose Coll., Oxon, Univ. Coll., Lond. 

Sch. of Medicine and Institut Pasteur, I 

From 1886 to 1888 he was Médical B 

Phjrsician and Obstetrive Assistant of l 

Coll. Hospital; he was Médical Registre 

the Victoria Park Hosp., 1890; Directe 

the British Institute of Préventive Medi 

1892-96 ; Prof, of Bacteriology, Cairo Me< 

Sch., 1896-8. He was appointed Près 

the Sanitfiuy Maritime and Quarantine Coi 

of Egypt, 1897 ; Member of the Indian Plt 

Conmûssion, 1899-1900; and Egyptian I 

gâte to the International Sanitary Confère 

Paris, 1903. He is a member of many scien 

associations, and is the author of a numbe 

scientific works. He married, Nov. 11, 1 

Alice Mary, eldest dau. of Capt. John Tyni 

Greenfield, R.A. 

RUNCIMAN, William, M.L.A., J.P., 
"The Highlands," Simonstown, C.C, and 
the Royal Naval Club (Simonstown), j 
City Club (C.T.) ; was bom at Shields, E: 
in Apr., 1858. He is the eldest son of 
late Capt. Wm. Runciman of the Merch 
Service. He was educated at Leith and Dunl 
Scotland, and migrated with his family in 18 
to Cape Town, where his f ather held for some ti 
the position of Dock Master. Soon after arri 
in Cape Town Mr. Runciman joined the v 
known firm of W. Andersen & Co., Mercha 
€md Mail Steamship Agents. At the âge 
19 years he was promoted to fill the place 
Manager to the Simonstown Branch of 1 
business. From manager he was soon promet 
to junior partner, emd is now senior partn 
the name of the firm being changed to W 
Runciman & Co. Since his advent in Simonstoi 
Mr. Runciman has devoted a great deal of tii 
to public affÉÛrs ; from the inauguration 
Municipal Government he has sat in tlie Coun 
Chamber, and he has been repeatedly and is si 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

Mayor. To his untiring energy the town owes 
much of its présent prosperity. The railway 
extension from Kalk Bay, the samitation, the 
water supply, the fine public schools, the 
town lighting, and public library are ail 
mémentos of his assiduous persévérance and 
skilful policy. He has also done good service in 
the Simonstown District as Divisional Councillor 
for the Cape Division, of which body he has been 
a member for the past ten years. He has been 
Member of the Législative Assembly of the Cape 
Pcurliament for some five or six yesurs ; sits as a 
strong Progressive ; has rendered good service 
in educational matters already, and bids fair to 
fill a prominent place in Cape politics in the 
not distant future. He married, in 1883, 
Elizabeth Sarah, eldest dau. of A. N. Black, of 
Simonstown, by whom he has two sons and a 

RUNDLE, Majob-Gen. Sib Henby Maoleod 
Lesub, K.C.B., K.C.M.G., D.S.O., second son of 
the late Capt. J. S. Rundle, R.N., was bom 
at Newton Abbot, N. Devon, Jan. 6, 1856. 
He was educated at tlie Royal Mil. Acad. ; 
entered the Royal Artillery in 1876, and fîrst 
saw service in the Zulu War in 1879, afterwards 
taking part in the Boer War of 1881. Subse- 
quently he proceeded to Egypt, where he acted 
for about fourteen years as Chief Staff Officer 
to the Sirdar and Adjt.-Gen. to the Egyptian 
Army. Sir Leslie was second in command to 
Lord Kitchener at the battle of Omdurman. 
In the S. African War, 1899-02, he commanded 
the 8th Division. He latterly also acted as 
Military Governor of the Eastem O.R.C. with 
headquarters at Harrismith. On retuming to 
England he was given the command of the 
South-Eastern District at Dover in succession 
to Sir William Butler. He married, in 1887, 
Eleanor Georgina, dau. of the late Capt. H. J. 
M. Campbell, R.A. 

RUSSELL, RoBEBT, I.S.O., of 33, Prince 
of Wales Mansions, Battersea Park, London, 
was bom at Edinburgh in 1843 ; was educated 
at the ChuTch of Scotland Training Coll. and 
the Univ. of Edinburgh, and has had a long 
and useful public career mainly devoted to 
educational mattsrs in Natal. In 1865 he was 
appointed Headmaster of Durban High Sch., 
and became Supt. of Education and Secy. 
to the Council of Education in 1878. He 
was for some years Chairman of the Survey 
Board and Member of the Civil Service Board, 
and was appointed to represent Natal on the 

Council of the Caps Univ. in 1896. He was 
mainly instrumental in establishing the Cadet 
System in vogue in Natal. Mr. Russell retired 
from the Civil Service of the Colony in 1903 on 
full salary specially voted by the Natal Parlia* 
ment. In the sakne year he was created a Coxn- 
panion of the Impérial Service Order. He is the 
author of " Natcd : the Land and its Story '* 

RUSSELL, RoBEBT, Junb., M.A., B.C.L., 
of 26, Victoria St., Lcmdon, S.W., and of the 
New Vagabonds' Club, was bom, Aug. 13, 
1867, at Durban. He is son of Robert 
Russell, ex-Supt. of Education for Natal (q.v.), 
and was educated at Pietermaritzburg High 
Sch,, and at Merton Coll., Oxon., where ho 
graduated with honours in law. He is now 
about to enter for the higher degree of D.C.L». 
While at Oxford he played in his coUege cricket 
and Association football teams from 1886 to 
1888. Retuming to Natcd he was an Acting 
Inspecter of Schools for the Colony in 1891-2 ; 
was called to the Bar of the Inner Temple in 
1893 ; and received his présent appointment 
as Secy. to the Natal Govt. Agency in the same 
year. Mr. RusseU contributes verse to the 
"Westminster Gazette,'* "Sketch," and«P€Jl 
Mail Gazette," He married, May 5, 1895, May, 
dau. of the late A. S. Smith, of Tudor Hill 
House, Sutton Coldfield. 

SAMPSON, ViCTOB, K.C., M.L.A., of Kimber- 
ley, and of the Civil Service fwad Kimberley 
Clubs, was bom at Cape Town in 1855. He was 
educated privately, and in 1871 entered the 
Civil Service under the Imp. Govt. ; served for 
eight years in the Control and Audit Office ; 
Accountant for East Griqualand to 1881. He 
passed B.A. and LL.B. while in the Civil 
Service, and obtained the Cape Univ. 
Chancellor's Gold Medal for essay on the 
native question in 1877. He was called to the 
Cape Bar in Dec, 1881 ; was made Q.C. in 
1 896 ; is the leader of the Kimberley Bar, and was 
a Director of De Beers Mines from 1902 to 1904. 
Mr. Sampson is a sound Progressive, and was 
retumed to the Cape Législative Assembly for 
the électoral division of Albany in 1898, being 
re-elected at the gênerai élection in Feb. 1904. 
In the same month he joined Dr. Jameson's 
Cabinet as Attorney-Gten. 

SARGANT, Edmund Beale, M.A., of the 
Oxford and Ceunbridge Club, London, and the 
Athenseum Club, Johannesburg, was bom in 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

London in 1855. He ia 8on of Henry Sargant, 
BRrriatiOr-at-Law, of Lincoln' a Inn, and waa 
educated at Rugby Scîi., Univeraity Coll., and 
Trinity Coll., Camb, He fills the position of 
"Direcior of Education for the TrojiBvaal. 

SAUER.HON. J.W.,ofKemlworth,C.C.;i8 8on 
of an O.F.8. LanddjoBt ; waa edncated st tha B. 
Afriean Coll., after which he waa nptieled to Fair- 
bridge & Arderne, Attorneys, ot Cape Town, and 
practiaed for many yearsin conjunotion, firat with 
Mr. H. S. Caldeoott (q.v.), and att«r with Mr. 
Oremood at Aliwal North. Hb enterpd tha Cape 
Parliament ae member for that conatitueney, 
for which he haa aince been ro-elected on many 
oeeaaiona. Formerly asBocïated with Sir Gordon 
Spiigg, he broko with hiiji in 1876 on questions of 
native policy. From 1881 to 1884, he waa a 
member ot the Seanlan Ministry aa Seoy. for 
Native Affaira, and became Colonial Socy. in 
Mr. Rhodes' l^finiatry in 1890, but waa one of 
threa who wrecked it three yeara later. A]though 
not a member of tho Afrikandar Bond, he ia 
one of its moat effective supportera, and makes 
no secret of hia indifférence to the Impérial 
intereat in C.C. Mr. Sauer haa dediaed a 
knighthood. He v/aa Commîâaioner of Public 
Works in Sir. G, Sprîgg'a laat Cape Miniatry, 
and waa defeated at the gênerai élections in 
Peb., in04. He atill retaina bis practice as aa 
attomey in C.T. He married a dau. ot Henry 
Cloeto, of Conatantia, C.C. 

SAtJNDEKS, Capt. Freoebici ANABTRAaius, 
3rd West Vorka Begt., F.B.C.S., L.R.C.P. 
Edin., F,R.0.8.. F.R.C.I., F.S.A., Fel. Obstétri- 
cal Soc, of Orahamslown, and ot the Soottish 
Conservative Club, Edin-, and tha Junior Con- 
aervative Club, Lond., waa bom in London, 
June 12, 185fl; and was educated at King 
Edward VI Sch.. Gt. Berkhampstead , Herts. 
He commanded tlie second detachment of the 
Kral City (Grahamatown) Volunteers at I.,ange- 
berg, Bechuanaland, in 1897 (medal), and during 
the laffl S.A. War acted aa Station Staff Officer, 
a.1 Adjt. ot Macahftll'a Horae, and aa Adjt. of 
tha Ist C.V., which he now commanda {Queen's 
and King' s medals, three claaps). Capt. 
8aimder8 married: first, in 1882, Ciasy, only 
dau. of Col. Bamaa, St. Helena Begt., and atep- 
dau. of the llth Earl Lindaay ; and second, in 
1893, Liicy Andoraon, dau. ot Prof. J. Meilde- 
joiia, of St. Andrew's Univ., BcoHand. 

6AWEBSHAL. Hekbt Oeoroe Euasvel 

Jm.nj3 Edward, waa draughta 
Public Works Dept. at Quaan 
May, 1882; waa Aast. Siirveyor on Tomb- 
Commisaion, Aug., 1882; Computor at 
Royal Obaervatory, C.C, July, 1885; 
Burveyor, Bechuanaland railway extec 
Aug., 1890; became Aaiît. to the Survi 
Gen. in Maahonaland, Sept., 1691 ; aot« 
the B.S.A. Co.'s représentative at TJmtali i 
to Aug. 1896; Acting Aaat. Surveyor-( 
Jcm. 1897, and has twica acted os Survc 
Gen. He waa Acting Examiner of Diagri 
Feb. 28, 1901. 

8CANLEN. Hos. Si» Thomas Ceab 
K.CM.G., M.L.C., of Salisbury. Rhode 
and ot the Civil Service (C.T.) and Salisi: 
Clubs ; was bom at Albanv, near Grahs 
town, July 9, 1834. He ia aon of the late C 
Scanlen, who formerly represeuted Crad 
Dist. in the Cape House of Assembly. 
Thomas waa educated in the Eoatern Frovi 
until wur in 18S0 interrupted lus étudiée, 
reaided at Cradock from 1845 for over 30 ye 
where he waa member of the Divisional Cou 
and Choirman of the Municîpality, beaides wl 
he represented that oonstituency in tha C 
Fortiament continuoualy from 1870 to lE 
He was J.P. for the Cape and Cradook Distrii 
became Prime Miniater and Attomey-G 
ot ce. in 1881, and Premier and Coloi 
Seoy. in 1882-1884. He wua appointed Le 
Adviser to the B.S.A. Co., Oet. J894 ; mera 
of the Eiecutivo Coimcil of S. Rhodeaia, J 
189H, beooming senior member. Bec. 20, 181 
Acting Publie Proseoutor, Apr. 1896; Pi 
of the Coropeoaation Board, Sept. 1896; i 
appoint«d Acting Administrator of S. Bhodi 
in Dec. 1S9S, and agoia in Jan. 1903; and ) 
acted aa the Company's représentative on aeve 
occasions. Sir Thomas waa appointed M.L.C. 
May 1899, and was laat reappointed in Jl' 
1903, with precedenca of nominated memb« 
Ha is also Chaimtan of Conunittee in t 
Législative Council. In Jujy 1902, he becai 
aenior member of the Farming and Tranapi 
Aid Board. Sir Thomaa waa tnico marrie 
fîrst,ta Emma Riackwray (d. 1862); andaeooi 
to Sarah Dennieon (d. Feb. 1903). 

SCHJEL, Coc, has had a long experieu 
of S.A. He was a Native Conumaaion 
in the Zoutpanaberg, and Orgonizer of t 
Staata Artillerie of the S.A.R., and in the 
Boer War (1899) waa appointed to the Cui 
mand of the Germon Brigade. He waa ca 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

tured at Elandslaagte, and during his captivity 
at St. Helena wrote a book, " Twenty-three 
Years of Storm and Sunshine in South Africa." 

SCHOELLER, Dr. Max, Member of the 
German Colonial Council ; of Zelten 21a, Berlin ; 
of Bittergat Bingel bei Dûren (Rheinland) ; 
and of the Union Club, Berlin ; was bom at 
Diiren, July 28, 1865. He is son of Alexander 
Schoeller by his wife Adèle Casstargeis, and 
received a libéral éducation at Dûren, Cologne, 
Aix-la-Chapelle, Munich, and Freiburg-i-Br. 
Dr. Schoeller travelled through Northern Abys- 
sinia in 1894, afterwards publishing " Mitteil- 
ungen ûber meine Beise in der Colonie Eritrea 
(Nord Abessinien), 1894." The years 1896 
and 1897 he spent in German and British East 
Africa and Uganda, publishing three volumes 
entitled " Mittieilungen ûber meine Reise nach 
Aequatorial Ost Africa und Uganda 1896-97." 
Throughout 1897 he travelled in S.A. He 
married, Nov. 28, 1903, Elizabeth Wessel. 
Dr. Schoeller*s merits hâve been recognized by 
the following Orders conferred upon him : 
Roter Adler of the IV. class, Friedrichs III. cl., 
Emestiner IV. cl., Eiserne Krone III. cl., Itali- 
enische Krone IV. cl., Medjedie II. cl.. Villa 
Vicosa II. cl., Sonnen und Lowen II. cl., and 
Erlôser IV. cl. 

is Bond Member of the Cape Législative As- 
sembly for Oudtshoom, for which électoral 
division he was re-elected in Feb. 1904. 

SCHREINER, Olive {see Mrs. Cronwright- 

SCHREINER, Hon. W. P., K.C., C.M.G., 
was bom in the Wittebergen Native Reserve, 
now part of the Herschel District of the 
ce, in 1857. He is son of the late Rev. G. 
Schreiner, a German missionary of the L.M.S., 
and brother of the celebrated S.A. noveHst, 
Olive Schreiner, now Mrs. Cronwright-Schreiner 
(q.v.). ]VIr. Schreiner was educated at Cradock, 
Bedford and Grahamstown, and at the Univs. 
of Cape Town, Cambridge and London, 
where he distinguished himself in scholarly 
attainments. He took a Senior in Law Tripos 
and the Chancelier' s Légal Medal in 1881, cuid 
was called to the Bar of the Inner Temple in 
the following year, when he was also admitted 
an Advocate of the Suprême Court of the 
ce. In 1885 he was appointed Parlia- 
mentary Draughtsman ; became Légal Adviser 

to the High Commissioner in 1887, fiUing this 
appointment until 1893, when he joined the 
late Cecil Rhodes' second Ministry as Attomey- 
Gen., having in that year been elected as 
Member for Kimberley in the Cape House of 
Assembly. He resigned the Attorney-G«neral- 
ship later in 1893 ; was elected member for 
Barkly West by the aid of the Bond vote in 
1894, and again became Attorney-Gen. in 
Sept, of that year. His relations with Mr. 
Rhodes, which had been for many years of a 
cordial nature, were broken oiï by the Jameson 
Raid. He left the Cabinet, refusing to join 
the new Ministry imder Sir Gordon Sprigg. He 
became, however. Premier in 1898, retaining 
that position until June, 1900. In the gênerai 
élection in Feb. 1904, he failed to be re-elected 
to the House of Assembly. 

To the student of S. Africem politics it haâ 
not always been clear whether Mr. Schreiner's 
attitude was pro-Boer or pro-British. His 
tendency seems to waver between the two ex- 
trêmes. Without being an actual member of 
the Afrikander Bond, he has on occasions been 
a supporter of that organizatîon ; in fa<}t, he 
has in some quarters been suspected of an 
inclination to follow the extremists in their 
désire to constitute S.A. an independent 
Republic. However that may be, it may be 
said that during his Premiership he neither 
prevented nor prpmoted the S.A. War, though 
a strong'^man in his officiai position might pos- 
sibly hâve done either. He is said to hâve 
resisted British measures of coercion, and to 
hâve given no encouragement to anti-British 
aims. He neither stopped arms going into the 
Transvaal, nor permitted an early organized 
defence of Kimberley and the Cape Colonial 
frontier, nor did he, by a display of resolution, 
appear to aim at convincing Près. Kruger that 
the Colony would tolerate no disloyal actions 
on the part of British subjects in the event of 
his issuing an ultimatum. In short, his halting 
methods of conciHation in the pre-wctr period 
stood a very good chance of being misinter- 
preted by a large section of the British. Gène- 
rally, he is looked upon as a man of high attain- 
ments and chcuracter (somewhat hampered as 
a politician by a " cross-bench ** habit of mind), 
with a racial bias towards the Dutch propa- 
ganda, and an intellectual sympathy with 
British methods and charcKîteristios. Mr. 
Schreiner has been delegated at vcffious tîmes 
to conférences between S. African Govts. ; was 
a Member of the Jameson Raid Committee, 
and gave évidence before the B.S.A. Committee 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

of the House of Gommons in 1897. He is a 
man of the keenest intellect, of brilliant parts, 
a practised speaker, and a successful lawyer. 
He married a sister of Mr. Reitz, at one time 
Près, of the O.F.S. 

SCHREINER, Thbophilus, M.L.A., repre- 
sents Tembuland in the Cape Législative As- 
sembly. He has for many years been a pro- 
minent politician, and sits as a supporter of 
the Progressive party. He was last re-elected 
at the gênerai élection in 1904. 

SCHULLER, Welhelm Chmstian, of Johan- 
nesburg, S.A., and 25, Paulinen Strasse, Stutt- 
gart, Germany, and of the Royal Colonial 
Institute, was bom Jan. 18, 1842, at Stuttgart, 
and was educated in his native city and in 
London. In 1889 he went to S.A. and 
proceeded direct to Johannesburg. It is 
claimed that he and his son, Oscar H. Schuller, 
were the discoverers and pioneers of the now 
famous Pretoria Diamond Fields. In April 
1897, father and son took up and prospected 
the Farm Rietfontein 351 (District Pretoria). 
On Aug. 2 his son discovered the first diamond, 
and vigorous work resulted in a true diamond 
pipe or crater being opened up. A great deal 
of local incredulity was displayed, both Mr. 
Schuller and his son being designated swindlers, 
salters and rogues. Undaunted, however, they 
persevered, and proved that the mine was 
genuine. The gênerai impression seemed to 
be that it was impossible to find diamonds 
outside of Griqualand West and the O.F.S. 
Près. Kriiger also threw every obstacle 
possible in the way, but subsequently he modi- 
iSed his attitude, and helped the owners with 
législation, as he was afraid that the late Mr. 
Rhodes might step in. A company was âoated 
and named after the discoverers, " The Schuller 
Diamond Mines, Ltd., of which Mr. Schuller 
was a Director. He is also now a Director of 
Byeneestpoort Dicunond Mines, Ltd., the Rand 
Reefs G.M. Co., and other similar undertakings. 
Mr. Schuller has done much to promote gym- 
nastic exercises, and has given many prizes and 
trophies to the Wanderers' Gymnastic Soc. 

SCHUMACHER, Raymond William, of 
Pallinghurst, Johannesburg, second son of Mr. 
and Mrs. Erwin A. Schuma<}her, of Porchester 
Terrace, W., wéus bom in London in 1871. He 
was educated at Eastboume under Mr. F. 
Schreiner, brother of the ex-Premier of the Cape, 
and at Harrow. He studied banking and 

fincmce in London, and for some years oi 
Continent before going to Johannesbui 
1894, where he entered the employment o 
firm of Eckstein soon after his arrivai, 
became a partner of that firm, together 
Sir Percy Fitzpatrick, in 1898. Although 
one of the Reformers, he gave evidenc 
Pretoria at the trial of the Committee in 
1896, and was imprisoned for a few houn 
refusing to divulge his thoughts ! In 1 
before the war, he became Chcdrmem of 
Johannesburg Relief Committee. One of 
last to leave Johannesburg when war broke 
he quickly returned, and served with the R 
Rifles as Capt., taking an active interesi 
encouraging rifle shooting among the Bri 
population on the Rand, and in the Transi 
Volunteer movement. He is now Maj., . 
second in command to Sir Godfrey Lagden 
the T.R.I. He also takes an interest in n: 
forms of sport. He is chairman of a le 
number of leading gold mining cos., i 
director of several more, and a member of 
Rand Water Board. Politically he hc 
ImperiaUstic views, and hopes to see an int< 
gent effort made to protect British trade wit 
the Empire. Mr. Schumacher married, Jun< 
1903, Hope, youngest dau. of Mr. and '^ 
Ed. L. WeigaU, of 40, Holland Park, W. 

SCOBLE, John, of Pretoria (P.O. Box 
Transvaal, was bom in London, Mctrclx 
1826, his father having been Secy. of the A 
Slavery Society, and afterwards M.P. for 
county of Elgin, Canada. He was educa 
privately, and at the âge of 20 joined the s 
of the " Moming Herald," Lond., becom 
City editor of that paper in 1849, subsequei 
occupying a similar position on the " More 
Post." In 1860 he went to Natal; was 
pointed J.P. for Newcastle Div. in 1872 ; i 
a member of the Newcastle and Zulu Bor 
Defence Commission ; went to Transvaed G< 
fields in 1873 ; was appointed Gold Coms 
sioner and Spécial Landdrost in 1875, f 
Landdrost at Middelburg from 1877 to 18 
In 1880 he once more adopted joumalism, f 
edited the Transvaal " Argus," until publicat 
cec»ed with the first Boer War, in which 
served as a volunteer in the Pretoria Riflefi 
the defence of Pretoria. On conclusion 
peace he went to the Jagersfontein diam< 
fields ; established the " Free State Argi 
and a daily paper called the " Breakfast Tab! 
In 1882 he became editor of the " Transe 
Advertiser," and advocated British interi 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

until publication waa suspended in 1898. In 
1902 he resumed and still retains theeditorship. 
Prior to the last S.A. War Mr. Scoble acted 
as Pretoria correspondent of the London 
** Times." In 1900 he published, in collabora- 
tion with H. R. Abercrombie, a political history 
of the Transvaal, called the " Rise and Fall of 
Kriigerism," which went through two éditions 
and a cheap reprint. He married : first, in 
1849, Miss Marian Richmond ; and second, on 
Oct. 1, 1890, Miss Annie van der Riet. 

SCOTT, John E., of Bulawayo, practised as 
a soliciter in Johannesburg, afterwards going 
to Bulawayo, where he was the first to follow 
that profession. He was a member of the first 
Sanitary Board, and has always taken a leading 
interest in local afTairs. He was elected Mayor 
of Bulawayo in 1902, and he is a member of the 
Bulawayo Chamber of Mines. 

SCOTT, WHiMAM Edward Edwards, of 
Hartley, Rhodesia, was appointed Asst. Native 
Conunissioner at Umtali in May, 1896, and 
became Native Conmaissioner for the Hartley 
District, Apr. 1, 1897. 

SEARLE, Charles, M.L.A., is Member of 
the Cape Législative Assembly for the électoral 
division of George ; is a supporter of the 
Bond, and was last returned to the House in 
Feb. 1904. 

SEARLE, James, M.L.A., is Member of the 
Cape Législative Assembly for Port Elizabeth, 
for which constituency he successfully sought 
re-election at the gênerai élection in 1904. 
He is a member of the Progressive paxty. 

SEEAR, John, of The Quarry, Cheam, 
Surrey, and of SaUsbury House, London Wall, 
E.C., was formerly with the firm of George 
Hasluck & Co., accountants, of which he is stUl 
a sleeping partner. He is a director of a large 
number of pubUc cos., chiefly Rhodesian and 
Finance. He is Chairman of the Bulawayo 
Market and Offices, Crescens (Matabele) Mines, 
Crewe's Rhodesia Development, Davies* Selukwe 
Development, Ibo Investmont Trust, Koffy- 
fontein Mines (also Life Govemor), Lomagunda 
Development, Rhodesia Exploration (and Mana- 
ging Director), the Rhodesia - Matabeleland 
Development and the Wamford Explora- 
tion Cos. He is co -Managing Director with 
Mr. W. A. Wills of the Estate, Finance and 
Mines Corporation; is Managing Director of 

the Goldfields of Matabeleland, and is on the 
Boards of the Rand Rhodesia, Oceeuia Con- 
solidated, Transvaal Goldfields and Van "Ryn 
G. Mines. In addition to thèse directorships 
he is on the London committees of a few other 
limited compctnies. 

SELOUS, Frederick Courtejœy, of 
Heatherside, Worplesdon, Surrey, waa bom 
ne€ir Regent's Park, London, Dec. 31, 1861, 
and is of mixed Huguenot and English desoent 
on the father's side, and of English and Scottish 
descent in the maternai Une. He was educated 
at Bruce Castle (Tottenham), Rugby, Neuchatel, 
and Wiesbaden, and when still a boy went to 
S.A., landing at Algoa Bay on Sept. 4, 1871, 
with the intention of going to the diamond 
fields. But instead of this he started on a 
trading expédition through Griqualeuid. In the 
following year he set out for Matabeleland» 
meeting on the way Mr. G. A. Phillips, with 
whom he made the acquaintance of Lobengula, 
who granted Mr. Selous permission to shoot 
éléphants because he was " only a boy." In 
1877, after a trip to England, he again vîsited 
the Zambesi. From 1882 to 1892 Mr. Selous 
was constantly travelling over the Mashona 
plateau, and during that time roughly mapped 
out the country by taking compass bearings 
wherever possible from hill to hill, and sketohing 
the coTirses of the rivers and streams from 
the tops of hills. Mr. Selous was associated 
with Maj. Johnson as guide and intelligence 
officer in the work of opening up Mashonaland 
with the early pioneers, and it was in this con- 
nection that he prepared the track known as 
the Selous Road from Tuli to Fort Salisbury, 
400 miles long, as well as varions other roads 
Connecting the mining centres. He com- 
manded a troop of R.H.V. in the second Mata- 
bele War (1896), and was afterwards for a short 
period associated with the Partridge & Jctrvis 
group. During the last few seasons Mr. Selous 
has been hunting in Asia Minor, in North 
America, and in E. Africa again. His muséum 
at Worplesdon contains many magnifioent 
trophies of the chase in différent parte of the 
world. He has written a good number of in* 
teresting books on travel and sport ; has lec- 
tured considerably, and was awarded in 1893 
the Founders' Medal of the Royal Geogri^hical 
Society in récognition of his extensive explora- 
tions and surveysinB.S.A. He married, Apr. 4» 
1894, Marie Cathcunne Gladys, eldeet dau. of 
the Rev. Canon Maddy, Reotor of Down. 
Hatherley, Glos. 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

SENIOR, Bbbnard, Auditor-Gen. o£ the 
O.R.C. ; of Bloemfontein, S.A., and o£ the 
Royal Societies* Club ; son of the late John 
Senior, solicitor, of 2, New Inn, London, 
was bom at Wimbledon, Surrey, June 23, 
1865. He entered the Home Civil Service as 
Clerk to the Boundajry Commission under the 
Redistribution of Seats Act, in Dec. 1884. He 
was att€bched to the Scotch Education Dept. 
in 1885, and again in 1888. In 1887 he 
was selected as Private Secy. to the late 
Rt. Hon. Sir Frcmcis Sandford (afterwards 
Lord Sandford), Under-Secy. of State for Scot- 
land. In May 1888 he was appointed First- 
Class Clerk in the Colonial Secy.' s Office 
on the Gold Coast. He was elected Local 
Auditor of the Colony of Lagos in 1889, and 
held a similar position on the Gold Coast from 
Dec. 1889 to Feb. 1894. For the next two 
years he was Local Auditor of British Bechuana- 
land, and when that Colony wa^ incorporated 
with the ce. in Nov. 1895 he was trans- 
ferred to the Island of Cyprus as Local 
Auditor, which position he held until Oct. 1, 
1902, when he was elected Auditor-Gen. 
of the O.R.C. He is a Director of the National 
Bank of the O.R.C, and is Chairman of the 
Govt. Tender Board. He is Hon. Treas. 
of the O.R.C Turf Club, and is Hon. Secy. of 
the United Service Club, Bloemfontein. He 
married, Mïtr. 31, 1891, Florence Majry, youngest 
dau. of the late Dr. S. B. Farr, of Andover, Hauts. 

SERGEANT, Lieut.-Col., F.R.G.S., is eldest 
son of Capt, Sergeant late of the 74th High- 
landers and the Turkish Contingent, of St. 
Benet's Abbey, near Bodmin, and of Bam 
Park, Comwall. In 1874 he organized and 
raised the Cadet Corps of the 2nd Devon R.V., 
which he commanded until 1882, and also 
held a commission in the Ist Somerset R.V. 
from 1877 to 1880. In 1882 he was 
gazetted to a commission in the 4th Royal 
Fusiliers, obtaining his Captaincy in 1883. He 
served with this battn. until 1889. In 1884 
he went out to S.A. with the Ist deta<}hment of 
Methuen's Horse, acting as Assist. Sergt.- 
Maj. in connection with the preliminary drill 
and instruction of the men. Ectrly in the 
following year he received a commission in the 
Pioneer Regt., BechuancJand Field Force, and 
commanded a detaohment (despatches) until 
the termination of the expédition. In 1886 
he joined the Réserve of Omoers, and was pro- 
moted Capt. in 1889. He was gazetted to a 
Company in the 5th Rifle Brigade in 1890, 

and received his hon. majority in the s 
yecup. In 1893 he waa promoted to the i 
stemtive rank of Maj., and in Aug. 1895 
ceived his hon. Lieut.-Colonelcy. 

Col. Sergeant was appointed an Esquire 
the Order of St. John of Jérusalem in 1} 
€md promoted Knight of that Order in 1894. 

He has written much on sport, travel, i 
colonization in the " Field," and is the aut 
of several books and pamphlets. He re{ 
sented the " Pall Mail Gazette " as Spécial Ce 
missioner during the Matabele War of 18 
As a cyclist he takes a practical interest 
military cycling, and is standing counsel to i 
National Cyclist Union of Great Britain. '. 
has patented various improvements in ce 
nection with fireaj*ms, of which he has exp( 

SETON-KARR, Si» Henby, Knt., CM.C 
M.P., J.P. and D.L. for Roxburghshire, 
Kippilaw, St. Boswells, N.B. ; of 22, Sloai 
Gardens, S.W., and of the Carlton, Imperi 
Service and New (Edinburgh) Clubs ; 
the son of G. Berkeley Seton-Karr, of tl 
Madras Civil Service, who was Résident Con 
missioner at Belgaum, Southern Mahratti 
during the great Mutiny. He was bom Feb. l 
1853, in India, and educated at Harrow an 
Oxford, where he took honours in law an< 
graduated M. A. In 1879 he was called to th 
Bar, and practised on the Northern Circuit 
He was elected to Parlicunent for St. Helen's 
Lancs., in 1885, and has held his seai 
through five contested élections, increasing hif 
majority from 57 to 1,878. He is greatly inter- 
ested in State colonization and the nationcL] 
food supply in time of war. He was elected c^ 
a member of the Royed Conunission appointed 
to consider this subject in 1903, and originated 
the Sharpshoo^ers' Corps for service in S.A. 
in 1899. Durmg the years 1900-01-02 he 
acted as Vice-Chairman and Hon. Secy. of the 
Sharpshooters' Conmiittee, who sent out three 
and half battaHons (18th, 21st, 23rd I.Y.) 
for service during the war. For this he 
received his C.M.G. He is Chairman of the 
Liverpool, St. Helens, and S. Lanocushire 
Railway Co. ; Vice-Chairman of the Widnes 
and Runcom Bridge Co., cmd a Director of 
various other cos. Sir Henry is widely known 
as a keen sportsman, having shot big game 
in S.A., Western America, Norway, British 
Colombia, cmd Scotland. He has a very fine 
collection of big game sporting trophies, in- 
cluding buffalo, antelope, grizzly, black bear 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

and moimtain lion, and hna su e1k forest in 
Norwny. Hia publications includo " The Call 
ta Anus" (1901), and many sporting orticlea 
and reviews. He marrîed: fîrst, in Nov., 1S80, 
Edith, dau. of the late W. Pilkington, D.L., of 
Roby Hall, Liverpool, wlio died in 1884; and 
second, in 18BU, Janie, eldest dau. of W. 
Tharbum of Edioburgh. 

SEVVELL, Cyro. Otto Honsos, ot Ciron- 
cester, GI09., waa born al Pieterroaritiiburg, 
Natal, Dec. 19, 1874; ïb eldest Burviving son 
of J. J. Sewell. late of the Colonial OtHce, Natal. 
He was educated at Mnritzburg Coll,. and 
aceompanied the Gret S.A. erickat team to 
Ëngland in 1894. He ^ea the youngest player 
in the XI. ; headed the batting averages, and 
WSH the only member of Uie team to complète 
1.000 nina dûring the tour. 

He took iip law aa a profession, and has 
practised for somo yaara at Ciraenest^r, Quaii- 
fied by résidence there, he haa played in the 
Gloiicester County XI. every year sinon 1895, 
with the exception ot 1897, when he was oalled 
to S.A. on the death of his fatlier. Mr. Sewell 
married, Feb. 21, 1903, Mand Evelyn, eldest 
dan. of Mrs. Maunsell-Collina, of Carlyle Gardons, 

SHAND, WiMJAM RonERTaov, fomiecly 
Clerk at Knyana and Swellendoni, was appointed 
Asat. Mapatrate at Willowmore Aug. 1, 1890; 
at Glen Or^, Apr. 2, 1893 : joined the Char- 
tared Co.'b service as Asst. Magistrats at Gwelo, 
Oet. I. 1898; has acled as Civil Commissioner 
and R.M. in the C.C. on varions occasions, and 
aiso as Asst. Maciistrate ut Enkeidoorn and 
Biilawayo, and as Klagistrate at Gwelo. 

SHARP, Ebnest Cn.'iPPEL, J.P. for S. 
Rhodesia ; of Salisbucy, Bhodeaia ; joined the 
Chartered Co's. service an Clerk Ln tho Surveyor- 
Genaral'a Office, Apr. 1, lSa4 ; waa Acting 
Afist. Regiafcrar of the High Court, Feb. 18, 
1896 ; served ln the Matabeteland and Mashona- 
limd Rebellions until Sept. 1, IS9(1 ; was Secy. 
to the Asseasment of Compensation Board, 
Sept. 7, 1896; Acting High Sherift and Chief 
Qerk to PubLe Proseoutor, Sept. 7, 1890 ; Aast. 
Statiat, Mch. 1897; and Clerk to Civil Com- 
■, Soliabury, Apr. 4, 1900. 

SHAEPE, MoNT.iOW, D,L.. J.P., of Brent 
Lndge, Hanwell. W. ; 3. Elra Court, Temple, 
E.C., and the Junior Carlton Club ; otdy son of 

Commander Benjamin Sharpe, J.P., for Middle- 
Boi (who died in 1883), by Marianne Fonn;, 
dau. of the Late Rev. Geo. Montaga ; was bom 
il) Cet. 1850; waa educated at Felstead, and 
was for some years in the Civil Service from 
which he retired in 1883. He took hia degree 
of D.L. in 1888, and was eaUed to the Bar of 
Gray's Inn in 1889. He was placed on the 
Cummi'wion of the Peace for Middlesex in 
1883 ; is an Alderman of that county, and bas 
been Vice-Chairman of the first Middlesex 
County Council since 1889. He haa also been 
Deputy-Chairman of the Middleseï QuartoF 
Sessions since 1896, and is Chairmon of the 
Petty Sessions and Commiaaioner of Taxes 
(or Brentford Dist., and has been Chairman of 
tho Hanwell Conservative Âssoo. since 1883- 

Mr, Sharpe is Chairman of John Biroh & Co., 
Ltd., engïiieers, trading in India, Japan, 8. 
America and Egypt, in which latter coiintry 
the Company received from the Oovt. a con- 
cesaion for establishing a ayatero ot light rail- 
ways in the provinces of Beherah and Gorbieh. 
This concession was token over by the Egyptiaa 
Delta Light Railway Co., Ltd., of whiiâi Mr. 
Sharpe is a Director. Ho is alao on the Boord 
of the Tendring Hundred Water Co. 

In Freemasonry he ia P.G.D. Grand Lodge, 
Eng., and is Près, of the League of Meroy, 
Brentford Div. He was winner of the Civil 
Service Mile Challenge Cup for three yeora, and 
of other races. TTii récréations are now photo- 
^aphy, boating, workshop, hunting and sboot- 
ing. He married, July, 1888, Mary Annie, 
only duu. of Capt. John Farsons, R.N. 


SHORT, Geoboe, served as Sergt. on the 
Mount Darwin patrol in 1897. He then entered 
the Chartered Company's service, Mch. 7, 189S. 

was bom in S.A. Although he claima to be an 
independent représentative member of the Cape 
Législative Asaembly, he has leanings towanls 
the Bond, and was aupported by that orgoniza- 
tion in his candidature for Tembuland, for 
which he was elected unopposed in Nov. 1902. 

SILBERBAL"ER, W., M.L.A., représenta tha 
électoral division of Richmond in the Cme 
Houae of Assembly. He is a Member of the 
8. Afrioan party, and was laet ratnmsd in that 
interest in Feb. 1904. 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

SIM, Thomas Robebtson, F.L.S., F.R.H.S., 
of Natal, is the son of a well known Âber- 
deenshire botemist emd fruit grower. He 
was bom at Aberdeen, Scotland, in 1858, and 
was educated at the old Aberdeen Greun. 
Sch. and at the Univ. of that town. He has 
cJwa3rs been dosely connected with écon- 
omie horticulture, botany and sylviculture. 
After a thorough training in thèse subjects in 
many of the best horticultural schools of 
England and America, including the Hort. 
Society's Garden, Chiswick ; the Royal Gardens, 
Kew ; Hcurvard Univ. Botanic Gardens, and 
a few years of active connection with fruit 
growing and nursery work in Scotland, he 
emigrated in 1888 to S.A., where after being a 
short time Curator of the Botanic Gardens of 
King Williamstown, he joined the Cîivil Ser- 
vice of ce, petssing through varions grades in 
the Forest Depctrtment up to District Forest 
Offîcer in the Eastem Conservancy, where aàao 
he was occasionally utilized as lecturer on 
Forestry and Fruit Culture. In 1902, when 
the reorganization of the Forest Service of 
Natal was proposed, he was selected to carry 
that out, and was transferred as Conservator 
of Forests of Natal, with which appointment 
was also conjoined that of fruit expert. Ré- 
sides numerous contributions to magazine 
literature, he is the author of ** The Fems of 
KafEraria," " Check List of the Flora of Kaff- 
raria," " The Fems of South Africa,'* and the 
" Forest Flora of Cape Colony,'* which latter 
work is now in the press. 

SIVEWRIGHT, Sir James, K.C.M.G., 
M.A., of Tiillyalian, Fifeshire, N.B., €Uid of 
Lourensford, C.C., was bom at Fochabers, 
Elginshire, in Dec. 1848. He was entered at 
Aberdeen Univ. in 1862 as a Bursar, and 
graduated M. A. in 1866. He adopted télé- 
graphie engineering as a profession, and after 
holding an appointment in the Indian tele- 
graphs, becfiune Superintending Engineer of the 
Southern Division of England in 1870. He 
wets Secy. to the Society of Telegraph Engineers, 
and was appointed Gen. Manager of S. 
African Telegraphs in 1877, from which he 
retired on a pension in 1884. He received the 
CM. G. on the conclusion of the Zulu War, in 
which he also eamed the S.A. War medal with 
cUisp. After a short rest in England he re- 
tumed to the Cape, and entered the politioal 
curena in 1888 as first member for Griquaîand E., 
defeating Mr. Zieteman by a large majority. 
On July 17, 1890, Sir James joined the Rhodes* 

Ministry without portfolio, but sube 
(Sept. 1890) was appointed Commi 
Crown Lands and Public Works, cma 
cally supported his chief in the extensi< 
Cape raUway and telegraph System 
wfiurds, cmd his negotiation with the 1 
Executive for the construction of the 
fontein-Johannesburg section was coni 
diplomatie aohievement of no sligh 
He was knighted on completion of rail^ 
munication with the Transvaed. SL 
went out of office in the disruption of ] 
retumed as Conunissioner of PubUc "S 
the Sprigg Ministry of 1896. 

He was one of the founders of the J 
burg Waterworks Co. ; was largely rei 
for the réduction of the S.A. cable re 
worked hard for a high level of effic 
departmental a£t£drs, as well as in ail 
undertakings with which he has been ce 
He was the pioneer of Cold Storstge in 1 
and having decided to rem£Ûn in hif 
home, is devoting his énergies to the 
ment of the coal and iron measures of 
of Scotland. Sir James married, : 
Jennie, dau. of George Page, of Bloen 

SKINNER, H. Ross, of Johannesb 
delegated by the Transvaed Chamber 
to proceed to the East in order to in 
and report upon the labour supply thei 
S.A. mines. 

SLATER, J., M.L.A., représente 
East in the Cape House of Assembl; 
Progressive interest. He was elected 
gênerai élection in Feb. 1904. 

SLOLEY, Hebbebt Cecil, of the R 
Maseru, Basutoland, was bom at 
Feb. 4, 1855. He is son of the lat< 
Hugh Sloley, of Ccdcutta ; was educat< 
Greenwich Proprietary Sch., bxlô. proc€ 
S.A. served with the Cape Mounted 
and varions Colonial forces until 18^ 
he was appointed Sub-Inspector of Be 
Police. He was promoted Inspecte] 
Asst. Commissioner in Basutoland, 188 
Secy. in Basutolemd, 1895 ; and Residi 
missioner in Basutolemd in 1901. He 
considérable service in the field, and •% 
war medal with dasp, 1877-8-9 ; me 
clasp for 1880-1, and the S.A. War n 
1899-1900. He married, Nov. Il 
Charlotte, dau. of the late John Diok 
and Scotland. 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

SMARTT, Dr. Thomas Wuxiam, M.L.A., of 
G.T., is an Irishman by birth, and trained 
for the médical profession, which he abcmdoned 
to taice a more prominent rôle in Colonied 
politics. He was formerly a political cuiherent 
of Sir Gordon Sprigg, whose Ministry he joined 
from May to Oct. 1898, as Colonial Secy. ; 
afterwards in June 1900 becoming Commis- 
sioner of Public Works in Sir Gordon Sprigg's 
fourth Administration. Evor a staunch Pro- 
gressive, he seceded from the Govt. on the 
Suspension movement, taking with him the 
main body of the Progressive party. Dr. 
Sm€u*tt then for a long time bore the brunt of 
the hard work on behalf of the Progressives 
until, in June 1903, Dr. Jameson became the 
recognized leader of the party. In the gênerai 
élection in Feb. 1904 Dr. Smartt defeated Sir 
Gordon Sprigg at East London (C.C.), and took 
offîce under Dr. Jameson as Commissioner for 
Crown Lands and Public Works in the same 
month. Dr. Smartt is a capable CMlministrator, 
a âuent speaker, and possesses a youthful 

SMITH, Chables Aubrey, B.A., of the 
Avenue House, West Drayton, and the Sports 
and Green Room Clubs and the M.C.C., was 
bom in London, July 21, 1863, and was educate-d 
at Charterhouse and Cambridge. Since his 
Charterhouse dajrs, when he played in the 
school XI. (1880-1), he has been a keen wielder 
of the willow. He played for Cambridge Univ. 
1882-3-4^5, for Sussex Coimty from 1882-92, 
captained the English team in Austredia 1887-8, 
and was also Capt. of the English XI. in S.A. 
in 1888-9. For some little time he then settled 
down in Johannesburg, but retumed to Englcmd, 
and adopted the theatrical profession with a 
success which is well known to the theatre-going 
public. He married, Aug. 15, 1896, IsabeUa, 
dau. of the late Major Wood, of Abbey Wood, 

SMITH, Col. Snt Chas. Bean Euan («ee 
Eu£ui-Smith. ) 

SMITH, Edward Dtjpfus, of Salisbury, 
Rhodesia, entered the Chartered Co.'s service 
as Clerk in the Pay Office, Bulawayo, June J, 
1896 ; transferred to Controller's Office, Salis- 
bury, May 1, 1897, of which he became Account- 
ant, Apr. 1, 1898 ; was appointed Clerk-in- 
Chctrge, Stores Dept., Salisbury, July 1, 1901. 

SMITH, Frank Bbaybrooke, of Pretoria, 

was bom in Huntingdonshire in 1864. He is 
son of W. Crexton Smith, a well known agii- 
culturist and authority upon farming and 
estate management. Mr. F. B. Smith was 
educated privately cmd at Downing CoU.» 
Camb. ; was Professer of Agriculture and 
Vice-Principal of the South-Eastem Agri- 
cultural Coll., Wye, Kent, from its foundatu>n 
in 1894 until Apr. 1902, when he was appointed 
Agricultural Adviser to Lord Milner, emd upon 
the establishment of the dept. in July, 1902, 
he was appointed Director of Agriculture for 
the Transvaal. 

Mr. Smith has always taken a keen interest 
in agriculture, agricultural éducation and 
organization, emd is the author of several 
curticles and papers on thèse subjects. In 1900 
he undertook an extensive tour through the 
U.S.A. and Canada for the purpose of studying 
the agricultural conditions and administration 
of those countries, and his observations thereon 
are published in a work entitled " Agriculture 
in the New World.*' He indulges in hunting, 
shooting, and other country pursuits, and is 

SMITH, Frederick William, J.P., of Bula- 
wayo, joined the Cape Govt. service June 10, 
1881 ; Cape Mounted Police, Jan. 16, 1883 ; 
won the ârst prize essay on Colonial police 
administration, June, 1885, emd was appointed 
Chief-Constable at King Williamstown, Nov. 
19, 1885 ; became Supt. of the King 
Willi€«nstown Borough Police, Mch. 8, 1888 ; 
was made J.P., Dec. 20, 1889, and was selected 
by the Cape Govt. to reorganize the Port EUza- 
beth Police Dept., Jcm. 1, 1895 ; afterwards 
retuming to King Williamstown. He was 
seconded for service in Matabelelemd to re- 
organize the Municipal Police, July 1, 1898 ; 
was made J.P. for Rhodesia, July 27, 1898 ; 
and was appointed Inspecter conmaanding the 
Municipal Police and head of the détective 
dept. for Matabeleland, Nov. 24, 1898. 

SMITH, HoN. G. D., M.L.C., is member of 
the Cape Législative Council for British Bechu- 
anedand. He is a Progressive, and was last 
elected in 1904. 

SMITH, Sm John Smalman, Knt. Bachelor, 
M. A., J.P., of Courtfield, Chiswick, and the St. 
Stephen's Club, was bom at the Chauntry, 
Quatford, Salop, Aug. 23, 1847 ; is eldeet son 
of the late S. Pountney Smith, J.P., of Shrews- 
bury, emd was educated at Shrewsbury Sch, 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

and St. John*s Coll., Gamb., where he graduated 
M.A. He went to the Oold CSoast cis Puisne 
Judge of the Suprême Court in 1883 ; was 
transferred to Lagos as sole Judge of the 
Suprême Court in 1886, and was CMef Justice 
from 1889 to 1885, when he was invaUded, 
retiring from the service in the following year. 

Sir John is a Vioe-Pres. of the African Soc., 
founded in memory of Mary Eangsley, and is 
J.P. for Middlesex. 

SMITH, Pebcy Geobqe, of Gwelo, Rho- 
desia, was Clerk in the Chief Accountemt's 
Office, C.G.R., Jan. 1889 ; Clerk to the Engi- 
neer-in-Chief, C.G.R., 1889 ; Magistrates' 
Clerk at Kimberley, 1892 ; Asst. Magistrate, 
Douglass, 1893 ; Additioned Magistrate, Bula- 
wayo, July 1894 ; Magistrate at Bulawayo, 
July 1896 ; and became C.C. and R.M., Gwelo, 
in July 1897. 

of Koffyfontein, O.R.C., and Uppertown, 
Johcuinesburg, whose mother is a cousin of 
Robert Browning, was bom on Mctr. 19, 1857, 
at Brussels. He eurrived in Natal in 1867 with 
his pcurents, when he devoted his attention to 
leaming farming. He went to the dicunond 
fields in 1870, and to Pretoria in 1874. He 
was commandeered by the Boers in 1875, and 
served on commando. He joined the IVans- 
vaal Civil Service in 1870, £Uid wcus appointed 
to the spécial service of the Postal Dept. by 
Sir Owen Lemyon. In 1880-81 he took p€ui> 
in the defence of Pretoria, and was présent at 
the engagements near that town. In 1881 he 
retumed to the diamond fîelds, and went to 
Koffyfontein in 1892, where he was very suc- 
cessful as a digger. On w£ur breaking out he 
was commcuideered by the Boers to fight 
against the English, but he âed the country, 
passing through the Boer lines to the Gordon 
Highlcmders' camp at Graspan. He retumed 
later, and took a prominent part in the defence 
of Koffyfontein, becoming O.C., Koffyfontein 
Defence Force, on the retirement of Major 
Robertson, K.L.H. He was elected Mayor of 
Koffyfontein and J.P. for Fauresmith by the 
British Govt. He did much good work on the 
Hospitcd Board, etc. Mr. Smithers is an old 
footballer cmd lawn tennis player. He is a iair 
rifle shot, and very interested in music. He 
mcurried, June 6, 1884, Eisa, eldest dau. of the 
late Mr. Dietrich, of Sea Point near Cape Town. 
He bas five children. His eldest son, aged 18 
years, served 19 months against the Boers. 

SMITH-WRIGHT, Edward Henby, 
Salisbury, Rhodesia; joined the Charte 
Co.'s service in July 1895, as Clerk, pasE 
through varions grades until, in Oct. 1897, 
was appointed Examiner of Accounts, Av 
Dept. ; Secy. to the Tender Bo€urd at Sa 
bury, Nov. 1898 ; and Acting Chief Examû 
of Accounts, Feb. 15, 1901. 

SMUTS, Jaoobus Abraham, M.L.A., 
Bond Member of the Cape Législative Asseml 
for Mahnesbury, for which électoral divisi 
he was last elected at the genercd élection 

SMUTS, J. C, an Afrikander by birth, w. 
educated in the C.C. and at Cambridge Uni^ 
where he took his higher degrees with grei 
distinction. He was called to the English Bai 
retumed to S.A., cmd was appointed Stat< 
Attomey to the TransvacJ Republic — an a{ 
pointment which gave great satisfaction t 
the Progressives, with whom he was accountei 
an able and zealous worker. He is described a 
of the HoUander type — ^tall, thin, and fair 
with a pointed yellow beard. He haa con 
siderable éloquence in the Taal, and knows ho^ 
to arouse a thrill of émotion in his audience. 

SNOW, El-B1aimakam (Lieut.-Col.) Cboel 
LoNOUBVHiLB, Bby, 4th class Medjidieh ; of 
Port Said, and the Turf Club, Cairo ; was bom 
at Kensington, Aug. 5, 1863; was educated 
privately at Boulogne s.M., cuid at Merchant 
Taylors' Sch., Crosby, Liverpool. He joined 
the N.W. Moimted Police of Canada in 1886, 
taking part in the suppression of the Rice 
Rébellion. In 1891 he joined the Egyptian 
Coastguard Service ; received the Order of the 
Medjidieh (4th class) in 1901, and was promoted 
Kaimakam (Lieut.-Col.) in 1993. He is now 
Director of the Suez CancJ and Red Sea dis- 
tricts. He married, Aug. 10, 1900, Miss Ulrica 
Béatrice Vallance. 

SOLOMON, HoN. Sm Richard, K.C.M.G., 
C.B., K.C., M.L.C., of Zasm House, Pretoria, 
was bom at Cape Town, Oct. 18, 1850. He is 
son of the late Rev. E. Solomon, a missionary 
in the Transkei territories. He was educated 
at the S.A. Coll. and at Peterhouse, Camb. 
(23rd Wrangler), and was called to the Bar of 
the Lmer Temple in 1879. He accompapied 
Lord Rosmead as Légal Adviser to MauritiiiB 
on the Commission of enquiry in 1886 ; wae 
Chainnan of the Mining Commission; and 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

Member of the Native Law Commissioii. He 
entered the Cape Parliament in 1893. In 1896 
he was retained with Advocate Wessels to 
défend the Reform prisoners. He wcts Attor- 
ney-Gen. of the C.C. from 1898 to 1901, in which 
year he received his knighthood. 

Sir Richard was appointed Légal Adviser to 
Lord Kitchener, C.I.C. in S.A., from 1901 to 
the end of the Boer War, for which services he 
received the C.B. He w€is then appointed 
Légal Adviser to the Transvchsl Administration 
(1901-2). He represented S.A. at the Delhi 
Dnrbar in 1902-3 (gold and silver medals), 
and haa been a member of the Executive cuid 
Législative Councils and Attorney-Gren. of the 
Transvaal since 1902, in which capacity he has 
had an onerous task to perform in the framing 
and adapting the laws to the new conditions. 
He married, Mary, dau. of the Rev. J. Walton, 
and sister of Mr. Lawson Walton, K.C., M.P. 

SPEIGHT, Abthitb Edwin, of Bulawayo, 
was Clerk in the Customs Dept. at Mafeking, 
Oct. 10, 1895 ; East London, June 1898 ; and 
Umtali, July 9, 1899. He became Sub-Col- 
lector at Umtali, Feb. 12, 1900 ; Clerk in the 
Customs Administrative Branch in Dec. of that 
year, and Chief Examining Offîcer at Bula- 
wayo, Apr. 16, 1901. 

SPIRO, SocBATES, Bey (Sanieh) ; Order of 
the Medjidieh (4th class) ; of Ramleh, Alex- 
andria, and of the San Stefano Club, was bom 
in Cairo, Aug. 24, 1860. He is of Greek origin, 
his father having been a noted Greek scholar. 
He was educated at the American Mission Sch., 
Cairo ; entered the Egyptian Govt. service in 
1883 ; was Priv. Secy. to Lord (then Mr.) 
Milner, Under-Secy. for Finance, during his 
last tour of inspection of the provinces of Up. 
Egj^t in 1892 ; was Priv. Secy. to Sir Clinton 
(then Mr.) Dawkins, Under-Secy. for Finance, 
from 1895 to 1899 ; and became Director of the 
Central Administration of Egyptian Ports and 
Lighthouses in June, 1899. He is author pf 
Arabic-English and Énglish-Arabic dictionaries 
of modem Egyptian Arabie (published in 1895 
6tfid 1897) ; has contributed msuiy articles and 
reviews to English papers on modem Arabie, 
as well as many eurticles on literary subjects to 
Arabie periodicals. He is fond of travel and 
the study of modem Arabie. He married, in 
1882, Rose, dau. of H. G. Tarpinian. 

SPONG, Major Chaules Stuabt, D.S.O., 
F.R.C.S., B.Sc, late R.A.M.C., of Cairo, and of 

the Army £aid Navy Club ; third son of the laie 
Wm. Nash Spong, F.R.C.S., was bom June 12» 
1859 ; W£t8 educated at Epsom Coll. and Gay's 
Hosp., and entered the Army in 1887. He 
was seconded for service with the Egyptian 
Army in 1890, axkd aoted as S.M.O. in the 
Sud£ui Campcùgn, 1896-98, receiving the D.S.O. 
£uid the Order of the Medjidieh. Major Spong 
retired from the service in 1899 to take the post 
of Médical Adviser to the Egyptian State Rail- 
ways. He married, Oct. 4, 1900, Meuy Bcumsley 
Pickering, of Newtown, Pennsylvania, U.S.A. 

SPRECKLEY, Habry Unwin, after serving 
as Clerk to the C.C. and R.M. at Mazoe and 
Salisbury (1895-6), entered the Mines Dept. 
under the B.S.A. Co. in 1897. 

SPRIGG, Rt. Hon. Sir John Gobdoit, 
G.C.M.G. (1902), P.C. (1897), of Wynberg, near 
C.T., was bom at Ipswich, Eng., in 1830 ; 
he started business in a shipbuilder's office» 
afterwards joined Gumey's shorthand staff» 
and in 1858 went to S.A. for the benefit 
of his health. He settled in the Division of 
Esist London (C.C), and entered the Cape 
Parliament as member for East London in 
1873. He was appointed Colonial Secy. and 
Premier on the dismissal of Sir J. C. Molteno 
in 1878, and resigned in 1881 on the Basuto 
question. Li 1884 he became Trea8.-Gen. 
in Sir Thomas Upington's Ministry, and suc- 
ceeded him as Premier in 1886. lii the foUow- 
ing year Mr. Sprigg, as he then was, was made 
K.C.M.G., €uid soon after was appointed P.O. 
Sir Gordon resigned in 1890, but on the recon- 
struction of the Rhodes Ministry in 1893 he 
joined it as Treas., and was practically Acting 
Premier. On Mr. Rhodes' retirement in Jan. 
1896, he became actual Premier untîl Ooi. 
1898. In June 1900 he succeeded Mr. W. P. 
Schreiner as Premier, also combining the office 
of Treas. Li the gênerai élection in Feb. 
1904 Sir Gordon was defeated by Dr. Smartt 
at East London (C.C.) by a majority of 954» 
and the Progressives being in a majority in the 
new House of 50 against the Bond 45, he teii- 
dered his résignation of the Ptemiership, Dr. 
Jameson being called upon to form a new 

Formerly the political chief of the P lr oyea - 
sives, he was throughout the diffîoult tunes 
following the Boer War accused of pandenng 
to the Bond party, whose tolérance ooly 
enabled him to maintaîn a majority, he being 
repudiated by five-sixtha of the Pr o g r o a Bi vea, 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


who seoeded on the Suspension question. It 
is certainly on record that Sir Goidon and his 
entire Ministry voted with the Bond on more 
than one occasion. This alliemce, however, 
was simply a makeshift, and although it suited 
the Bond party to keep Sir Gordon in power, 
it did not deter that orgauization from assist- 
ing in four Qovt. defeats on divisions during 
the last short session of 1902. He created much 
dissatisfaction amongst his earlier foUowers 
by his refusai to sanction a fresh regis- 
tration of voters in view of the fact that 
in many districts hundreds of disfranchised 
voters were still on the register as late as Sept. 
1902. On the occasion of his defeat (Nov. 
3, 1902) on the question of increasing the Cape 
Colonial Forces, however, Sir Gk>rdon Sprigg's 
appeal to the Bond caused their withdrawcJ 
of the amendnient and the passing of the vote 
as originsdly printed, and eUcited the Premières 
thanks to the Bond for its generosity. Since 
then Sir Gordon has been wavering in his 
allegiance between the Bond and the Pro- 
gressives, and has thus not been a source of 
strength to the Loyaliste in Cape Colony, 
although his dogged adhésion to office in the 
face of many real diffîculties may hâve saved 
them from still greater dangers. 

Sir Gordon is a practised and effective Pfiff- 
liamentary debater, and has cultivated a less 
aggressive manner than marked the parlia- 
mentary methods of his earlier political days. 
His range of ideas ccuinot be said to be broad, 
but his dévotion to the business of the Colony 
has £jways been most exemplary. 

He was created G.C.M.G. on the occasion 
of the King's Coronation ; he is D.C.L. of 
Oxford, and Hon. LL.D. of Edin. Univ. He 
is a widower, having married a dau. of Mr. J. 
Fleischer. Lady Sprigg died in 1900. 

STANTON, LiEUT.-CoL. Edwabd Albx- 
ANDEB, Order of the Medjidieh (3rd dass); of 
Khartoum, and of the Army and Navy, the 
Sirdar (Khartoum) and Turf (Cairo) Clubs, was 
bom at York, Nov. 15, 1867. He is eldest son 
of Gen. Sir Ed. Stanton, K.C.M.G., C.V.O., 
and was educated at Marlborough and Sand- 
hurst, passing into the Oxfordshire L.I. in 
Feb., 1887. He received his Captaincy in 
1894, and brevet majority in 1898. Col. 
Stanton has seen much active service in N. 
Africa, begînning with the Dongola Expédition 
in 1896, being présent at Firket and Hafir 
(despatohes» medal with two dasps) ; the Nile 
Expédition in 1897 (deepatches and claBp); 

the Nile Expédition in 1898, taking part in 
battles of Atbera and Omdurman (twice m 
tioned in despatches, bt. -majority, two clai 
and EngUsh medal) ; and again in the Is 
Expédition in 1899 (dasp and Medjidieh). 
waâ employed surve3âng the navigable chann 
of the Balur el Zuaf £uid Bahr el Ghazal in 181 
and was at Fashoda during the Marchai 
affair. He joined the Sudan Civil Administi 
tion in 1899, and received his présent appoîc 
ment as Gk>vemor of Khartoimi in 1900. ] 
1901 he was given the local rank of Lieut.-Cc 
Col. Stanton majried Isabel Mary, second dai 
of Capt. H. C. Willes, late Royal Welsh Fusiliers 

STEAD, Abthub, M.L.A., is one of tli 
Progressive représentatives of Kimberley i 
the Cape House of Assembly. He was la£ 
elected in Feb. 1904. 

STEPHAN, H. R., of Brigkton Castle 
Mouille Point, C.T., is the head of thi 
house of Stephan Bros., of C.T. anc 
elsewhere in S.A. Mr. Stephan*s firm hai 
been largely instrumental in opening up Sal- 
danha Bay and the South-West Territory. They 
own a considérable number of steam and sailing 
ships, and are largely engaged in the grain 

STERRY, Wasey, MA., of Khartoum; 
of Chapel Cleeve, Washford, Taunton, and of 
the Savile (Lond.), Turf (Cairo) and Sudan 
(Khartoum) Clubs, was bom in Devonshire, 
July 26, 1866. He is elder son of the Rev. 
Francis Sterry of Chapel Cleeve, and Augusta 
Emily, dau. of the late Hastings N. Middleton. 
He was educated at Eton and Merton Coll., 
Oxon, and was called to the Bcff in Nov. 1892. 
He was appointed the first Civil Judge in the 
Sudan in May 1901 and Chief Judge in 1903. 
He is the author of " Annals of Eton." Un- 

STEVENS, John AiiPRED, of C.T., went 
on a spécial mission to Gazaland in 1890» 
and entered the Cape Town office of the Char- 
tered Co. as head of the correepondence dept. in 
March 1891. He acted as Secy. from Oct. 1894 
to April 1895 ; was appointed Acting Secy. at 
Cape Town in Jan. 1896, and is also Secy. to the 
Bechuanaland Rcûlway Co. 

STEWART, DuDLKY Wabebn, after serving 
in the North-West Mounted Police, Canada, 
from July 1, 1890, joined the C.M.R. May 10, 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

1894; joined the Mashonaland Mounted Police 
Nov. 28, 1895, and transferred into the Mc^hona- 
land Municipal Police, Nov. 18, 1896, serving 
in the rébellion of that year (medal). He 
was appointed sub-inspector Aug. 21, 1898, 
and alterwards transferred into the Mata- 
beleland division. 

STEYN, Mabtinus Theunis, was bom in 
the O.F.S. in 1867, three years after the Republic 
had corne into existence. 

He received little systematic éducation 
until, at the âge of twelve, he was sent to Grey 
Ck>ll. at Bloemfontein. Later on, through the 
influence of Judge Buchanan, he went to Hol- 
land to study law, afterwards proceeding to 
London, where he was called to the Bar of the 
Inner Temple. Retuming to S.A., he prcwî- 
tised for a few years in the Free State, became 
Attomey-Gen., smd was raised to the Bench 
in 1889, where he remained until 1895 dis- 
charging his judicial functions in a careful and 
conscientious manner, and holding himself 
aloof from poUtics. In that year Mr. Reitz 
resigned the Presidency, and Mr. Stejni offered 
liimself as a candidate, defeating his opponent, 
Mr. J. G. Fraser (at that time Chedrman of 
the Volksraad) by an overwhelming majority. 

STIGLINGH, J. H., M.L.A., was elected 
ea Bond Member for Picquetberg at the gênerai 
élection in the Cape Colony, Feb. 1904. 

STOCKENSTROM, Hon. Sm Gysbert H., 
Bart., M.L.C, is senior member of the Cape 
Législative Council for the North-Eeist Province. 

STOKES, Herbert Lesue, of 69, Cadogan 
Square, S.W., The Grove, Stalham, and the 
Junior Carlton Club, was bom in London, 
Feb. 8, 1863 ; was educated at King's Coll., 
and after a spécial training as engineer spent 
ten years (1879-89) on the West Coast of S. 
America, being connected with varions engineer- 
ing Works, as well as with the gold emd silver 
mines of Peru and BoUvia, in which countries 
he travelled extensively. In 1891 he went 
out as Manager in charge of the Mashonaland 
Agency Expédition to Rhodesia, and since then 
hfitô been connected with that co. and its sub- 
sidiaries. He married Miss Marie Carandini, 
Oct. 30, 1899. 

STRACHAN, Dr. William Henry Williams, 
M.L.C., C.M.G., of Lagos, W. Africa, and of 
the Junior Constitutîonal, W. Indîan, and Corona 

Clubs, was bom in 1859. He is eldest son of 
the late Col. W. H. P. Fitz M. Straohan, and 
was educated privat^y and at Quy's Hos.» 
graduating L.R.C.P. (Lond.)» M.B.C.S. (Eng.). 
He is F.L.S. and M.S.A. 

Dr. Strachan is P.M.O. of Lagos, and is a 
member of the Législative Council of the Colony. 

STRAKOSCH» Henry, of 9, King St., St. 
James', was bom at Hohenau, Austria, May 10, 
1871. He is the son of Ed. Strakosob, of 
Hohenau, a pioneer of the Austricui beet sugar 
industry. After a Continental banking ex- 
périence he went to S.A. as Memager of the 
African Mining and Financial AÊeoo, He 
joined the fîrm of A. Goerz & Co. in Aug. 
1896, and afterwards (Apr. 1902) became 
Memaging Director of A. Goerz & Co., Ltd. 
He is also a director of many other important 
S.A. Cos., mainly gold mining. During the 
wcff he was a member of the Conmiittee ap- 
pointed by the Govemor to advîse him on 
matters aSecting the Uitlander population of 
the Transvaal. He was also a member of the 
Central Registration Committee. Mr. Strakosch 
is keen on polo, an inveterate motorist, and 
a beuïhelor. 

STRANGE, Laurence ; was at one time 
Mayor of Waterford, Ireland, where he had 
an extensive preuïtice aa a soliciter. He wc» 
appointed Public Prosecutor at Klerksdorp 
in 1902. i 

STUTTAFORD, Richard, of Lidcote, Kenil- 
worth, C.T. ; of the aty Club (C.T.) and 
the Rand Club (Johannesburg) ; waa bom in 
C.T. in 1870. He was educated at Amers- 
ham Sch., near Reeuling. He is rîng 
Director of Stuttaford & Co., Ltd., and a 
Director of the "Cape Times," Ltd. He 
married in 1903. 

SWANN, Alfred James, F.R.G.S., was 
bom at New Shoreham, Sussex, Sept. 14, 1866. 
He is the son of John Swann, and was educated 
at a Protestant Gram. Sch., and after- 
wards in London, twice taking honours ai 
Board of Trade examinations. The spirit of 
the traveller was aglow in him in early life, 
and there are few districts in the East of whioh 
he has not some acqiuûntance. He first vîaited 
Africa in 1882, when he was specially engagod 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

by the London Miasionary Soc. to ckssîst in the 
transport from Zcuizibar to Tanganyika of the 
Morning Star lifeboat. During a résidence 
at IJjiji (the meeting-place of Stanley emd 
Livingstone) he eissisted in the survey of Tan- 
ganyika, capturing and preserving some unique 
spécimens of freshwater Medusse. During the 
Arab uprising he was at Ujiji, and succeeded 
in maintaining communications by the extra- 
ordineury means of Pitman's shorthand written 
backwcffds with a quill pen. The claims of 
Tippoo Tib and Rimializa (who caused the 
Belgians so much trouble on the upper reaches 
of the Congo) against Stanley were placed by 
them in "Mr. Swann*s hands, with the resuit 
that they were considerably reduced. The 
first correct report of the murder of Emin Pacha 
was brought to England by Mr. Swann, who, 
after succeeding in establishing marine com- 
munication round Tanganyika, and diverting 
a large portion of the Eastem trade to Zanzibar 
via BlÉUitjnre, visited England, conveying en 
route the Arab's communications to Maj. Von 
Weissmann, his consultation with whom re- 
sulted in pe€u;eful tactics with Ujiji, and consé- 
quent uninterruption of trade through German 
E.A. He later became Political Offîcer in 
Sir H. H. Johnston's Administration ; suc- 
ceeded in stopping the Angoni raids in the 
N.W. District ; discovered a rich deposit of 
carbonate of lime ; unearthed flint (up to that 
time unknown in Equatorial Africa) and a 
collection of fossil shells in excellent condition. 
In 1895 Sir H. Johnston appointed him to the 
historié country of the late Sultan Jumbe, 
whose hordes of slavers formerly reigned 
suprême towards the Luapola River. Having 
discovered a System of intrigue which was 
peuralyzing trade through Kota-Kota, with the 
aid of Major Edwards, he utterly routed the 
forces concentrated against him, numbering 
20,000, captured the long-wanted Saide Mwa- 
zunga, and^pened up the way S. and W. tow€hrds 
the Zambeisi. 

SWANZY, Francis, J.P., of Heathfield, 
Sevenoaks, Kent, and of the National Libéral 
emd GreshBm Clubs, was bom at Kenning^n, 
Surrey, July 7, 1854; was educated at Rugby ; 
is J.P. for Kent, and a Director of the Wassan 
(Gold Coast) Mining Co., the Qold Coast Amal- 
gamated Mines, Ltd., the New Ck>ld Coast Agency 
and the United Qold Coast Mining Propârties. 
He married, in 1879, Majy Nina, eldest dau. 
of the late Robert Stephen Paivy. 

SWEENEY, Geobqe Wiluam, of I 
maritzburg and of the Victoria Club, I 
m€uitzburg, is the son of Robert Swe 
Prof, of Music of Pieterm€u:itzburg. He 
bom at Dublin Jem. 24, 1868, and was edu 
at the Collège of the Sacred He£urt, Lim< 
and the Pietermaritzburg SEigh Sch. 
obtcûned the B.A. and LL.D. at the Cai 
Good Hope Univ. He was a House M 
at Maritzburg Coll. 1888-1895, and Cler 
the Attomey-Gton.'s Of&ce at Natal, 1 
1900. In Feb. 1901 he was appointed ( 
of the Législative Assembly at Natal. Dt 
this period he has acted as Secretajy to 
Law Dept. and Assistant Under-Secy., N 
In 1900 he compUed a new édition of the I 
of Natal, after the manner of Chitty*s Stati 
in conjunction with R. L. Hitchins. 
Sweeney is a keen football, tennis, golf, 
cricket player. On several occasions he 
represented Natal in the latter game, and 
Captain of the Colonial Team against W. 
Read's EngUsh Eleven. He married M 
J. Chapman, dau. of J. J. Chapman, « 
(three times Mayor of Pietermaritzburg), 
Sept. 1899. 

TAINTON, Clifton F., of Johannesbi 
is well known on the Rand, where he a 
member of the original Diggers' Conmuu 
He was for many years éditer of the " So 
African Mining Journal," and from that papei 
W£is appointed éditer of the " Comet " which i 
from the ashes of the suppressed " St) 
(Johannesburg). After the Raid he retur 
to England and became ônancial éditer 
the " African Review," of which paper he 
appointed chief éditer in 1899. He was j 
the représentative of the Argus Printing 
PubUshing Co. in London. He resigned tl 
appointments to join a fîrm of Rand finanoi 
whom he represents on the Transvaal Chan 
of Mines. He was a member of the Commi» 
appointed to inquire into the Native Lafc 

Geobqe Dashwood, K.C.M.G., P.C., of 
Queen's Gâte Gardens, S.W., and of the Ni 
and Militajy and Athenœum Clubs, and mon 
of the Royal Yacht Squadron, was bom in 
Isle of Man May 20, 1846, his father hai 
been Col. in the Scots Guards emd Spef 
of the House of Kejrs. He was educated 
the R.M.A., Woolwioh, passing into the R< 
Engineers. He has travelled in Egypt, Suc 


Anglo-âfrican Who's Who 

Moroooo, Algeria, and ail through the Niger 
oountry. He attended the Berlm Confeienoe 
in 1884-6, but is beet known e» the founder 
of Nigerici, of whioh country he has a g^reat 
fund of knowledge. Sir George is now a 
Director of the B.S.A. Co. He was a member 
of the Royal ConunÎBsion to inquire into the 
préparations for the S.A. War, 1902. His 
récréations are yachting, and golf. Sir Qeorge 
married, in 1870, Matilda (who died in 1898), 
dau. of John EUiot, of Wakefield. 

TAYLOB, J. B., is son of Isaac Rowland 
Taylor, who was well known in the Cape Ck>lony 
and Tiunsvaal, was bom in Cape Town in 1800 ; 
was educated at H^rmannsburg, in NatcJ, and 
at an early âge commenced his commercial 
career in the Kimberley office of the firm of 
E. W. Tany & Co., Ltd., After a time he 
went into business aa a diamond broker with 
his brother, W. P. Taylor. In 1882 the two 
brothers went to the Lydenburg District to 
exploit the Morgenzon Concession. Hère Mr. 
J. B. Taylor obtained his first expérience of 
practiccd mining. Two yecirs later he went to 
the Barberton fields aa a broker cuid as the 
représentative of Wemher, Beit & Co., and 
some other Kimberley firms. In 1886 Mr. 
Taylor went to the newly-discovered Rand, 
and became a foundation member of the firm 
of H. Eckstein & Co., from which he has now 
retired. He was on the Executive Committee 
of the Transv£hal Chamber of Mines, guid during 
hia résidence in Johannesburg weis Vice-Pres. 
of the Wanderers' Club, the leaâing S.A. athletic 
club. He was a Steward of the Johannesburg 
Turf Club, a crack shot with either gun or rifle, 
€uid he served through the Griqua War of 1876 
He married, in 1891, Miss Gordon, of Pieter- 
maritzburg, Natal. 

TEMPLER, LiEUT.-CoL. J. L. B., late 7th 
Batt. King's Royal Rifles ; served for mcuiy 
years as head of the Balloon Dept. of the Army 
under the Duke of Connaught, Sir Evelyn 
Wood and Sir Redvers BuUer. He took part 
in the Egypticm War of 1882, and commanded 
the balloon detachment in the Sudan Campaign 
in 1885. In the last Boer War he acted £is Direc- 
tor of Steckm Road Transports. He retired from 
the Army in 1892, after 32 years service. 

TENNANT, Heboules, of Pretoria, and of 
the Civil Service (C.T.), Pretoria, Rcmd, and 
Athenseum (Johannesburg) Clubs, was bom 
at Cape Town, March 3, 1850. He is the 

eldest son of the Hon. Sir David Tonnant, 
K.C.M.G., a former Speaker of the CSu>e 
House of Assembly, and was educated at St. 
George*s Gram. Sch., Cape Town, and the 
High Sch., Edin. He is a Barrister-at-Law 
of the Inner Temple, and Advocate of Hbe 
Suprême Courts of the Cape Colony emd Trans- 
vaal. He represented the division of Caledon 
in the Cape House of Assembly, 1879-81 ; was 
Extra A.D.C. to H.E. the Govemor and C.LC. 
in 1879; served in the Basuto War, 1880-81 
(medal) with rank of Capt. in the Duke of 
Edinburgh*s Own Volonteer Rifles as C.S.O. 
to the G.O.C. ; was Seoy. to the Chief Justice 
and Librarian of the Suprême Court of the 
Cape, 1882 ; was Asst. Registres of the Suprême 
Court, 1884 ; Taxing Officer, Cape Suprême 
Court, 1884; High Sheriff (Cape), Re^rar 
of Deeds, Acting Master, and Registres of the 
Suprême Court of the Cape Colony, 1889-1901 ; 
and was transferred to the Transvaal as Seoy. 
to the Law Dept. of the Govt., June 1, 1901. 
He married. Sept. 2, 1874, Mary Cathcart, dau. 
of Robert Graham. 

TE WATER, Hon. Db. Thomas G. N., 
M.L.A., M.D., of GraaS-Reinet, C.C. ; was 
bom in 1857. He is son of F. Te Watear, for- 
merly M.L.A. for Grac^-Reinet for 16 years, 
and grandson of T. Muller, who represented that 
division in the first parliament of the Colony. 
He was educated at Grac^-Reinet Coll. ; 
grekluated B.A. in 1875 ; studied at Ccunbridge 
Univ., and afterwcffds attended the médical 
classes at Edinburgh Univ., where he took 
the degrees of CM. in 1879 and M.D in 1881, 
spending two years also at the Universities 
of Berlin, Vienna and Strasburg, and in walk- 
ing the London hospitals. He retumed to 
Graaâ-Reinet to practise, and was retumed to 
the House of Assembly by a large majority 
as a member of the Afrikander pskrty, becoming 
one of the pckrty " whips." He joined the 
Sprigg Ministry in 1896 as Colonial Secy. It 
was admitted by the Attomey-Greneral for Cape 
Colony that papers were in the possession 
of the Govt. and of the military authorities, 
implicating I>. Te Water in treasonable prac- 
tises in connection with the S.A. War {refer 
Graham, Hon. T. K.). I>*. Te Water was 
seized with a paralytic stroke in the House 
of Assembly in Sept., 1902. 

THEAL, Db. Gbobge MoCall, LL.D., of 
the Queen's Univ., Kingston, C€mada, and 
Litt. D. of the S.A. Univ., eldest son of Dr. 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

William Young Theal, o£ a United Empire Loy- 
alist family, originally from Rye, in Susses, 
that settled in Canada after the Ameriocm 
Révolution, was bom at St. John's, New Bruns- 
wick, April 11, 1837, and was educated at the 
Gram. Soh. in St. John*8. The first fifteen 
years of his life in S.A. were spent as a teacher 
in public sohools at Knysna, DcJe Collège, in 
King Willifunstown, and LovedcJe Missionajy 
Institution, emd in joumalistio work. Having 
made a close study of Bantu customs, traditions, 
folklore, etc., when war broke out in 1877 he 
was requested by the Qovt. to undertake a 
diplomatie duty which Sir Bartle Frère and his 
ministers considered of great importance. 
Having succeeded in this, he was invited to 
enter the public service permanently, £uid did 
so. But his inclination was towards literary 
work, in which the Govt. gratified him to a 
large extent, though until 1896 he was required 
also to fill an office in the Native Affairs Dept. 
The late Mr. Rhodes, when Prime Minister, 
instructed him to make a collection of Portu- 
guese records and printed books upon S.A., 
which he continued under Sir Gordon Sprigg. 
Dr. Theal proceeded to Europe in 1896, cmd 
has been engaged in this duty ever since. He has 
written a " History of South Africa," of which 
the second édition is now being published in seven 
volumes, ** South Africa," in the Story of the 
Nations séries, " South Africa," in the Nine- 
teenth Century séries, and many smaller volumes. 
He has cJso edited nine volumes of Portuguese 
records, with English translations, fif teen volumes 
of English records of the Cape Colony, three vol- 
umes of records of Basutoland, and three volumes 
(in Dutch) of genealogical registers of old Cape 
families. Thèse volumes hâve eJl been printed 
for the Cape Govt., and hâve been so minutely 
indexed as to make référence easy. Dr. Theal 
is married to Miss Stewart, of Argyllshire, 

THERON, Thomas Philippus, M.L.A., of 
Britstown, Cape Colony, was bom at Tulbagh 
in 1839; was educated at Wellington (C.C), 
and started life as a carpenter's apprentice. 
From 1864 to 1869 he was a teacher in Rich- 
mond (C.C.) ; then beceune a sheep farmer ; was 
first elected member of the House of Assembly . 
for Richmond in 1884, and was elected Chair- 
man of Conunitteee in 1894. He is an ardent 
member of the Afrikander Bond, of which he 
is now chairman, and was last retumed to the 
Cape Parliament by the Richmond electors 
in Feb., 1904. 

THOMAS, LiEUT.-CoL. Owen, J.P., < 
blas, Rhosgooh, Anglesey, and of the I 
Service Club, JPiccadilly, is the son oi 
Thomas and Eleanor, née Jones-Robe 
Henblas and Peibrou, Anglesey. He wi 
Dec. 7, 1858, at Henblas, and was e< 
at Liverpool Coll. He was appointed 
3rd Batt. Manchester Regt. in 1884, an 
3rd Batt. Royal Welsh Fusiliers, 188 
Maj. in 1897. He served as Maj. of 
Regt. of Brabfiuit's Horse in S.A. froi 
1899, and he raised £uid commanded as 
Col. the Prince of Wales* Light Hors 
to 1902. Col. Thomas was Chief Officei 
Government Life-Saving Apparatus ( 
Anglesey), 1871-1899. He is J.P. i 
County of Anglesey ; was SEigh Sh< 
Anglesey, 1895-1896 ; is on the C>>unty 
of Anglesey ; w£is member of the late 
Conmiission on Agriculture (Great ï 
1895-1898; Président of Anglesey Agr 
Show, and has been awarded first prize 
best cultivated farm, and also for t] 
stocked farm. He was also breeder c 
hibitor of the heaviest ox at the Royal L 
Show in 1882. He reported privatelj 
the déclaration of war, on the agricultu 
pastoral prospects of the Transvaal, an 
at présent writing on the agricultural a 
toral prospects of S.A. CoL Owen ' 
unsuccessfully contested the Oswestry 1 
of Shropshire in the agricultural interesl 
Parliamentary élection in 1895. He i 
Aug. 13, 1887, Frederica Wilhelmina { 
only dau. of Frederick Pershouse am 
Darby, of Pen Hall, Staffordshire, cm 
dau. of Robt. Newton Jackson, of Black 

THOMAS, William, M.L.A., is one 
Progressive représentatives of the c 
division of Albany in the Cape House of 
bly, to which he was retumed at the 
élection in 1904. 

THOMPSON, E. G., was formerly e< 
the ** Natal Witness," and joined the ; 
the " Rand Daily Mail " in 1902. 

THOMPSON, Francis R., is son of a 
member of the Cape Législative Coum 
the âge of 13, moved by the spirit of ad\ 
he went up to the diamond fields, wo 
three years on the Klip-drift diggi 
then started farming on land which foiu 
nucleus of his Hart's River ranohe. L 

••• * 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

when the war broke out in the Northern Terri- 
tories, his father was brutally murdered, emd 
young Thompson, ckfter receiving a wound 
which cost him part of a rib, and very nearly 
his life, escaped in a miraculous manner to a 
neighbouring farm, which he and the owner 
defended for a couple of days and nights» until 
reUeved by a contingent of the old 24th Regt. 
A few weeks later he joined Sir Chas. Wauren, 
and remained with hun until the expédition 
of 1878 was over, when he became, at the âge 
of 20, Inspecter of Natives, with power to 
settle disputes between the varions chiefs. He 
served as Spécial Commissioner of Bechuana- 
land throughout the Stellaland €uid Gk>shen 
troubles ; again with Sir Chas. Warren when he 
tumed the Boers out of Rooigrond ; and then 
on the Frontier Commission defining the Griqua- 
land West boundary. Then at Mr. Rhodes' 
request he undertook the orgemizing of the 
Compound System at Kimberley, which proved 
a wonderful success for the mines. After a 
short stay in Johannesburg, and just after he 
was appointed Protector of Natives and Govt. 
Inspecter of Compounds, he undertook for 
Mr. Rhodes to accomplish the fîrst step towards 
opening up the northem route by obtaining 
the concession from Lobengula which formed 
the basis of the charter. Mr. Thompson— or 
Matabele Thompson, as he came to be called 
familiarly — ^remained in Bulawayo for two 
years. He then entered at Oxford, and gave 
three years to study. On his retum to S.A. 
he was elected to the Cape Parliament as 
member for Georgetown, and served on the 
Rinderpest Commission. Mr. Thompson was 
married, in 1893, his father-in-law having been 
one of the British Conunissioners in the Vene- 
zuelcm Arbitration in the forties. 

THOMPSON, George William, of 56, 
Gloucester Terrace, Hyde Park, London, W. ; 
of Mayfield, Essex ; and of the Savile and S.A. 
Clubs; was bom at Aberdeen, March 11, 1845, 
€md was educated at the Aberdeen Gram. Sch. 
and Univ. From 1870 imtil 1883 Mr. Thomp- 
son was in the service of the Oriental Bank 
in China, Japan and India. He founded the 
fîrst European bank in Persia in 1887, and 
also in 1891 founded the Africcui Banking Cor- 
poration, an important and flourishing institu- 
tion having offices in London and branches ail 
over S.A. Mr. Thompson is decorated with 
the Persian Order of the Lion €uid the Sun. 
He meurried : fîrst, in 1878, EUen Augusta (d. 
1879), dau. of A. W. Gaderden, of Ewell Oastle, 

Surrey ; second, in 1888, Ciralie Louise, dau. 
of Ed. Woollett, of Paris and Brussels. 

THORNE, Sir ,W., M.L.A., of Cape Town, is 
a prominent S.A merchant, and w£i3 elected 
Mayor of Cape Town in 1902. He now sits in 
the Cape House of Assembly as one of the Pro- 
gressive Members for the capital. 

THORNEYCROFT, Col. Alexandeb Whete- 
LAW, C.B., of the Curragh Camp, Kildare, and 
of the Naval and Militcury and Princes' Clubs, 
was bom at Tettenhall, Jan. 19, 1859. He is 
son of the late Lient. -Col. I. Thomeycroft, 
of Tettenhall Towers, Wolverhampton, and 
Hadley Park, Salop ; was educated at Welling- 
ton Coll., and joined the 2nd Batt. Royal Scots 
Fusiliers, Feb. 22, 1879, becoming Capt. in 
1887, Maj. in 1899, Lient. -Col. in 1900, and 
full Col. in 1902. He acted as D.A.A.G. in 
Natal from Sept. 16, 1899, to Oct. 16, 1899, 
when he was selected for spécial service until 
the end of 1901. Col. Thomeycroft bas seen 
much active service in S.A., begînning with the 
opérations in 1879-81, including the Zulu 
Campaign, attack and capture of Sekukuni's 
kraal (medal with clasp), and the fîrst Trans- 
v€mJ campaign €uid siège of Pretoria. In the 
S.A. War of 1899-1902 he raised and com- 
manded that smart body of men known as 
Thomeycroft's Mounted Infantry, who rea- 
dered such a good account of themselves. He 
took part in the reUef of Ladysmith, the actions 
at Colenzo, Spion Kop, V&al Kranz, Tugela 
Heights, Pieter's Hill and Laing*s Nek. In the 
latter half of 1900 he operated in the Eastem 
Transvaal, and subsequently commanded a 
mobile column and group of colunms in the 
Transvaal, O.R.C. and C.C. (despatches, medals 
and clasps, and C.B.). Col. Thomeycroft re- 
ceived his présent appointment as A.A.G., 
7th Div. of the 3rd Army Corps, Nov. 12, 1902. 

He is fond of shooting emd rackets, euid 
married, on Jime 20, 1903, Mrs. Burrard Crozier, 
dau. of the late Major J. W. Percy, €uid cousin 
of Sir Maurice FitzGerfiJd, Bart., Knt. of Kerry. 

TIDSWELL, Major Edwajrd Cboil, D.S.O., 
of the Army and Navy Club, is the son of the 
late Benjamin Kaye Tidswell. He was bom 
in 1862 at Birkdale, Lancashire, and was 
educated at Harrow. Entering the 2nd Lan- 
c£tshire Fusiliers in 1882 he was promoted 
Capt. in 1891, and Maj. 1890. He served witti 
the Nile Expédition in 1898, being présent at 
the battle of Khartoum, receiving the Queea's 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

and Khedive's medals with clasp. On the 
Boer Wcff breaking out he went to S.A., serving 
from 1899 to 1902, receiving the Queen's medal 
with five clasps, and the King's medtd with 
two clasps. He was also mentioned in des- 
patches, £uid obtained his D.S.O. In 1903 he 
was appointed Commander of the Lagos Batt. 
West Airican Frontier Force. He married, in 
1902, Miss Ella Pilcher, dau. of the late Thomas 
Webb Pilcher, of Harrow and Rome. 

TOD, C. E., M.L.A., represents the électoral 
division of GriqvuJand East in the Progressive 
interest in the Cape House of Assembly, to 
\diich he was retumed in 1904. 

TODD, John Spencer Bbydqes, C.M.G. 
(1878), of 24, Cathcart Road, S. Kensington, 
100, Victoria Street, Westminster, Étnd the 
Royal Societies' Club, was born at Dresden, 
Aug. 28, 1840, is the youngest son of the late 
Col. Geo. Todd (3rd Drageon Gu€u:ds) by 
daughter of the late Sir Egerton Brydges, Bart., 
W€b3 educated at Blochmann*s Gymn£»ium, 
Dresden, and at the Impérial Lycenm, W. Omer. 
He accompanied the late Rt. Hon. Sir Geo. 
Grey, K.C.B., to the Cape of Good Hope in 
1860, and entered the civil service there. Served 
in the Colonial Secy's office, C.T., and in 
the ce. and R.M.'s offices at Swellendam 
and Robertson, €uid agaîn at Swellendam mitil 
1874, when he retumed to Cape Town, where 
he successively served in the Colonial RaUway 
Engineer's office, the G.P.O., €uid the Treasury, 
where as Secy. to a Spécial Commission 
he detected a deficiency of over £50,000. On 
the introduction of the Appropriation Audit 
he became Accountant in the Prime Ministères 
Dept., aad subsequently acted as Accounting 
Officer thereof. In 1878 was sent as the Colon3r's 
Elxecutive Commissioner to the Universal Ex- 
hibition in Paris, £uid there served on the Inter- 
national Jury. On his retum to the Cape he 
served with Sir Henry White, and Messrs. 
Gordon and Lawson on a mixed Committee 
to détermine the division between the Impérial 
and Colonial Govts. of the Transkei Wai ex- 
penditure of 1877-8. 

In 1881 he proceeded on spécial service to Kim- 
berley, to adjust the accounts of the then 
recently annexed province of Griqualemd West. 
This accomplished, he was there detained till 
the end of the year to act as C.C. of Kimberley 
and Provincial Registrar of Deeds, and to report 
on the state of the several Public Departments 
there. On his retum to Cape Town he acted 

as Asst.-Comr. and Permcment Head of 
Dept. of Crown Lcuids and Public Works ; 
on the retum of the incumbent of that o 
was retained in the Dept. as Financial 6 
till the end of Aug. 1882, when he was selc 
to fill the post of Secy. to the newly cre 
Cape of Good Hope Agency in London. 

Mr. Todd is by Commission authorize< 
act as Agent-G^nercd in the event of the d( 
disability or absence of the incumbent foi 
time being, and hais very repeatedly so e 
since 1886, notably during the late Sir Ch 
MiUs' absence at the Ottawa Conferenc 
1894, €«id after his death, from March 1 
March 1896. He was one of the Cape oi v 
Hope delegates at the Universal Postal 
ference, held at Washington in 1897, €uid 
tween 1879 and 1882 was French Exan 
to the Cape of Good Hope Univ. B 
author of "The Résident Magistrate at 
Cape of Good Hope " (1882), and of a " Hi 
Guide to Laws and Régulations at the < 
of Good Hope," published in London in 1 
Mr. Todd married, March 13, 1865, S 
Margaret, eldest dau. of the late Baron C 
v€ui-Reere-van-Oudt8hoom, some time 
€uid R.M. of Swellendam, and later of Stc 
bosch. Cape Colony. 

TREVITHICK, Frederick Hab 

M.I.C.E., of Cairo, emd of the Isthmian (Le 
KJiedivial, Sporting and Turf (Ccûro) C 
was bom Feb. 21, 1862. He is son of Fr 
Trevithick (Chief Mechaniccd Engineer of 
L. and N.W. Reûlway) aad of Mary Ewart, 
grandson of Richard Trevithick, the invei 
was educated at Cheltenham Coll. emd rec< 
his early training on the G.W. RaUway. 
1883 he was appointed Chief Mechsuiical 
gineer to the Egyptian State Railways, 
in the following year was sent by the ( 
to Russia to report on the petroleum indi: 
In 1896 he went to India to report on the 
way System there, and in 1900 he was sei 
Canada and the U.S.A. for the same pur 
His reports hâve in each case been publi 
Mr. Trevithick bas been decorated with 
Orders of the Osmanieh (3rd class) and 
Medjidieh (2nd and 3rd class). He m 
Nov. 19, 1896, Henrietta Kate Comford, 
Brux., L.R.C.P. Edin., L.R.C.S. Edin., L 
and S. Glasgow, A.A. Oxford, dau. of 
Rev. E. Cornfoid, M.A. 

TUCKER, Chables, of Enquabeni, 
Harding, Natal» where he Î8 a native If 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

a^ent, was well known as a sprinter untîl in 
1903 he was accidentcklly shot in the groin so 
bcKUy as to predude his continuing to mn. 

TURNER, HoN. Geobqe, M.L.C., J.P., 
of Fletching, Sussex ; Arundel, Sussex ; Warley, 
Oommon, Highlands, Natal ; and of the RoycJ 
Colonial Institute, and Victoria Club, Maritz- 
burg ; was bom at Fletching, July 29, 1834 ; 
was educated at Christ^s Hospital and at Dr. 
Butler^s Sch., Brighton. He married, Feb. 
15, 1866, Harriette Julia, younger dan. of Rev. 
Chas. W. Stocker, D.D., of Draycott Rectory, 
near Cheadle, Stafte. 

TXJRNER, Db. George Ai.bebt, is the son 
of Dr. G. Tumer, Principal Médical Offîcer of 
Health for the Transvaal, was for a short time 
€u;ting Médical Offîcer of Health at Joheuones- 
burg. He was appointed Additional District 
Surgeon and Additional Port Health Offîcer 
for Cape Town in 1902. 

TWEEDY, Edward Herbert, L.R.C.P.I., 
L.R.C.S.I., and L.M. Rotunda HospitcJ ; S.M.O. 
of the Gold Coast Colony ; of the Rotunda 
Hospital, Dublin ; and of the Friendly Brothers 
and Sports Club, was bom at Dublin in 1886 ; 
is the youngest son of John Johnston Tweedy, 
soliciter, of Dublin ; was educated at Wesley 
Coll., DubUn, and the Carmichael Sch. of 
Medicine. After serving from 1892 to 1896 
as surgeon under the Cunard SS. Co., he became 
House Surgeon at St. Mark* s Ophthalmic Hos- 
pital in 1896 ; joined the W. African Médical 
Service in 1897, and served with Lient. -Col. 
Northcott in the Northern Territories, being 
mentioned in despatches and receiving the 
medal and clasp. He was also présent dimng 
the siège of Kumasi in 1901 (despatches, medal 
and clasp). Unmarried. 

VALDEZ, JoACHiM Travassos ; has had 
a distinguished record as a diplomat, especially 
as Portuguese Consul at Shanghai. He suc- 
ceeded Senhor Cinatti as Consul-General for 
Portugal in the Transvaal in 1902. 

VAN CAMPEN, Capt., joined Bethune's 
Mounted Infantry as a trooper, and went ail 
through the Boer War with that regt, having 
reached the rank of Capt. on its disband- 
ment. He was appointed Supt. of the Repa- 
triation Department at Middleburg in 1902. 

VAN DEN HEEVER, Hon. D. P., of Karee- 

fontein, Venterstad, C.C, was bom in 1838. 
He was for over ten years member of the Divi- 
sional Coundl, was until recently a member of 
the Cape Législative Coundl for the North-East 
Circle, and was leader of the Anti-Scab Act 
agitation in 1895. 

VAN DER MERWE, Franz Joheanni», 
M.L.A., represents the électoral division of 
Clanwilliam in the Cape Parliament, to which 
he was last re-elected in 1904. He is a member 
of the Afrikander Bond. 

VAN EEDEN, Hon. Frederick Jaoobus, 
w£is bom in the Swellendam Division in 1846, 
and is a successful agriculturist and stook- 
farmer, owning nearly 30,000 morgen. He 
was a member of the Cape Législative Assembly 
in 1887-8 for Swellendam, and from 1891 
until recently sat in the Législative Conncil 
as member for the South-West Circle. He is 
an elder of the D.R. Church, and member of 
the Divisional Council. 

VANES, Dr. Arthur Bayley, M.L.A., is 
member of the Cape Législative Assembly for 
Uitenhage, for which électoral division he 
was last retumed in Feb., 1904. He supports 
the Progressive party. 

VAN HEERDEN, Hercules JChristian, 
M.L.A., of Tarkastad, C.C., is a promi- 
nent and progressive fermer in the Eastem 
Province. He has been for many years a 
représentative for Cradock in the Cape Légis- 
lative Assembly, to which he was last retumed 
in 1904. He supports the Bond party, but 
préserves a moderato and conciUatory attitude. 

VAN LAXJN, Henry Théodore, of 6, 
Ladbroke Gardons, W., and 1, St. Helen's 
Place, London, E.C., and of the Hurlingham 
and St. Stephen's Clubs, Grovt. contracter, 
merchant, €uid fincmcier, is son of the famons 
grammarian, and was himself educated at 
Cheltenham and Edinburgh, and is a scholar 
of no smàll attainments. He is considerably 
interested in S. African enterprises, being a 
Director of the Beira Railway, Beira Junction 
Railway, the Montrose Diamond Mining Go. 
(Chairman), the Eurafrican Co., Montrose 
G.M. and Exploration Co., Sterkfontein Gold 
Estâtes (Chairman), etc. He is a keen Con- 
servative politician, a protectionist, euid recently 
issued, with Mr. W. H. Wills, a pamphlet on the 
S.A. Labour problem. He bas been invited to 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

oontest the oonstituenoy of Saffron Walden at 
the next parliamentary eleotion. 

VAN RHYN, HoN. P. B., of Van Rhyns- 
dorp, Clanwilliain, C.C.» was bom .in 1827 ; 
was field-comet in 1848 ; w£is elected to the Cape 
House of Assembly for Clanwilliam in 1868, 
and was a member of the Législative Council 
for the North-West Circle from 1884 until 
reoently. He is an elder of the D.R. Chnrch. 

VAN ZYL, C. H., M.L.C., formerly Law 
Lecturer at the S. African Coll., is the com- 
piler of a standard work of référence to the 
S. African légal profession, " The Theory of the 
Judicial Practioe of the Colony of the Cape of 
Good Hope and of South Africa Grenerally.*' 
At the élection in 1904 Mr. V£ui Zyl was elected 
to the Législative Council as Bond représenta- 
tive of the South-Westem Circle. 

VAN ZYL, DntK Jacobus Ai.bertits,M.L.A., 
is member of the Cape Législative Assembly for 
Clanwillicun, for which electorate he was last 
retumed in 1904 in the Bond interest. 

VAN ZYL, L J., M.L.C., is one of the Bond 
représentatives of the North- Western Circle in 
the Cape Législative Council, to which he was 
elected at the gênerai élection in 1904. 

VENTER, M. M., M.L.A., represents the 
électoral division of Colesburg in the Ce4)e 
House of Assemby, to which he w£is retumed 
in Feb. 1904 as a supporter of the Bond. 

VILJOEN, Db. Anthony Gysbebt, M.B., 
M.L.A., formerly sat in the Cape Législative 
Council as member for the South-Westem 
Circle. At the gênerai élection in 1904 he was 
retumed to the Lower House as Bond member 
for Caledon. 

VENTCENT, Joseph, B.A., LL.B. (Camb.), 
Senior Judge of the High Court of Southern 
Rhodesia ; of Bulawayo, and of the Civil Service 
(C.T.), and Bulawayo Clubs, is the eldest 
son of the late L. A. Vintcent, M.L.A. (C.C). 
He was bom Nov. 12, 1861, at Mossel Bay, 
ce, and was eduoated at the Diocesan Coll., 
Rondebosch (C.T.), at Charterhouse (Eng- 
land), and at Cambridge Univ. Mr. Vint- 
cent was called to the Bar, Middle Temple, 
Jan. 1885, and was admitted Advocate of 
Suprême Court of C.C. in March in the same 
year He was appointed Crown Pro^ecutor 

for the Crown Colony of British Bech 
March 1886, and held that office till J 
In Jan. 1892 he was appointed Crown F 
for the Bechuanaland Protectorats 
office he held in conjunction with tl 
Proseoutorship of British Beohuana 
Jan. 1893 he was appointed a memb 
Concession Commission for the Bech 
Protectorate. In 1894 he was appoint 
of the High "Court of Matabeleland, 
Président of the Leuid Commission f 
under the Matabelekmd Order in Coun< 
and was a member of the Council ui 
Order. He acted as Admînistrator to 
Rhodesia from Nov. 1895 to Nov. l 
Dec. 1898 he was appointed Senior 
the High Court of Southern Rhod* 
was nominated a member of the L 
Council of Southern Rhodesia in 11 
He was a member of the Old Carthus 
bail team which won the Association 
Cup in the season of 1880-1881, and v 
Camb. Univ. Football Assoc. XI. in t" 
of 1882-3. He married, Oct. 14, 189 
Elizabeth, second dau. of the late H 
burgh, of Wynberg, Cape Town. 

VISSER, A. G., M.L.A., repres 
électoral division of Victoria West in 
House of Assembly, to which he was re 
the gênerai élection in 1904. He is a 
of the S.A. p8krty. 

VLOK, Rev., Pastor of the Dutch ] 
Church at Picquetburg, C.C. He trie< 
his people loyal during the Boer War( 
and took his tum in the trenches 
town was attacked. His loyalty brou 
him the displeasure of his congregal 
was boycotted by his brethren of th( 
and was compelled to give up his 
after twenty-one yeeuns' service, on c 
(Nov. 1902). 

VON HESSERT, Karl Fbibdrioi 
Heerdweg, Darmstadt, Germany, an* 
Rand and Turf Clubs ( Johemnesburg) ; 
Lient. -Col. von Heesert of Darmstadt, 
WCU9 bom Oct. 26, 1855, emd educa 
went to S.A. in the service of the Fre 
Co., late in 1880, €uid took over the n 
of part of that Co.'s works until 1881^, 
property was absorbed by the De Beei 
Mr. von Hessert then proceeded to ^ 
burg ; took an active part in the develc 
the Witwatersremd fields, and was 1 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

years a Director of the Crown Reef, Chcuzip 
d'Or, Ferreira, Geldenhuis Estate, Main Beef» 
New Modderfontein, Wemmer, Wolhuter, 
Bantjes, Driefontein, £uid Village G.M. Cos., 
axkd of the Tremsvaal Coal Trust, City and 
Suburban Trcuns, the Alexander Estate, and 
several other less importetnt concems. He 
retired from active business in 1902, and has 
since settled in Darmstadt. During a visit to 
Europe Mr. Von Hessert took part in the 
Bulgarian-Servian War, and received for his 
services then rendered the Order of St. Alexan- 
der and the Bulgarian war medal. He married, 
Nov. 9, 1896, Victoria, dau. of Col. Adolf von 
Herff, of Darmstadt. 

VON RICHTOFEN, Baron, LL.D., of Berlin, 
was bom at Jassy, Koumania, in 1847, and 
saw a good deal of the world as a child, his 
father having been a diplomatist. He served 
in the Grerman-Austrian and Frcuico-German 
wars ; was in the Impérial Civil Service in 
Alsace-Lorraine from 1871 to 1876 ; went into 
the Foreign Office in the latter yecff, and in 
1885 was sent to Cairo as first Grerman member 
of the Caisse de la Dette, assisting not a little 
in bringing about the présent excellent state of 
Egyptian finances. In 1887 he was in Con- 
stantinople while Sir H. Drummond Wolff was 
carrying on his negotiations with Turkey. In 
1889 he and Sir E. Vincent made the necessary 
préparations for the conversion of the Egyptian 
Préférence Loan, €uid at the request of the 
Egyptian Govt. he led the expédition of 1891 
with a view to the construction of a railway 
from the Nile to the Red Sea. During his 
12 yeajs' stay in Egypt he greatly assisted his 
countrymen in the fitting out of their exploring 
expédition. In 1896 he succeeded Dr. Kayser 
as head of the German Colonial Council at 
Berlin, and was Under Secy. of State for 
Foreign Aiîairs from 1897 to 1900. 

VOSLOO, A., M.L.A., represents the électoral 
division of Somerset East in the Cape House of 
Assembly, to which he was elected in the Bond 
interest in 1904. 

WALKER, Major William George, V.C, 
4th Goorkha Rifles, of the East India United 
Service Club, is the son of Depy. -Surgeon William 
Walker, LL.D. €md Hon. Physician to the 
Queen. He was bom at Naini Tal, India, 
May 29, 1863, and was educated at Haileybury, 
St. John' s Coll., where he graduated M. A., and 
at Sandhurst. In 1885 he joined the Suffolk 

Begt. in India, and in May 1887 he trans- 
ferred to the 4th Goorkhas. He wc» in 1891 
with the Mircunyai Expédition, receiving the 
medal with clasp. He was also with the 1895 
W€bziristan Expédition, receiving the clasp. 

In Aug. 1896 he received his Captaincy. In 
1898 to 1903 he seconded with Impérial Service 
Troop, axkd in Jan. of the later yecu* joined the 
Somaliland Field Force, being granted, in Aug. 
1903, the Victoria Cross, the coveted C^ss alao 
going to Capt. Rolland (q.v.), Indian Army. 
The story of their heroism is told as followB : — 

** During the retum of Major Gough's column 
to Danop on April 22, 1903, after the action at 
Daratoleh, the rear-guard got considerably in 
rear of the colunm, owing to the thick bush, 
and to having to hold their ground while 
wounded men were being placed on camels. 
At this time Captain Bruce was shot through 
the body from a distcmce of about twenty 
yards, and fell on the path unable to move. 
Captains Walker and Rolland, two men of the 
2nd Batt. King's African Rifles, one Sikh, 
8uid one Somali of the Camel Corps, were with 
him when he fell. In the meantime the column, 
being unaware of what had happened, were 
getting further away. Captain Rolland then 
ran back some 500 yards and retumed with 
assisteuice to bring oS Captain Bruce, while 
Captain Walker and the men remained with that 
offîcer, endeavouring to keep off the enemy, 
who were eJl round in the thick bush. This 
they succeeded in doing, though not before 
Capteôn Bruce was hit a second time, and the 
Sikh wounded. But for the gallant conduct 
displayed by thèse offîcers emd men, Captain 
Bruce must hâve feJlen into the hands of the 

WALLACH, B., of the Wanderers' Qub, 
Johannesburg, played in the Cricket XI. for 
London County several times during 1903, and 
is genereJly considered to be nearly the eqnal 
of E. A. HaUiwell (q.v.) behind the wickets. He 
accompanied the South African XI. to Eng- 
land in 1904. 

WALTON, Edgab Habbis, M.L.A., of Port 
Elizabeth, C.C, is son of the Rev. J. M. 
Walton, M. A., formerly Près, of the Wesleyan 
Conférence for Great Britain and S. Africa, and 
is brother of the eminent K.C., Mr. Lawson 
Walton. He went out to the Cape in the late 
seventies, and became associated with the firm 
of Richaxds, Glanville & Co. He has been long 
identifîed with Port Elizabeth, and has repre- 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

sented that constituency in the House of 
Assembly since 1898, having been re-elected in 
Feb. 1904. Originally opposed kto Mr. Cecil 
Bhodes' alliance with the Bond, he became 
reconciled with him aiter the rupture following 
on the Jameson raid. He became Treasurer- 
Gen. in Dr. Jameson's first Ministry (Feb. 
1904). Mr. Walton is the proprietor and eiditor 
of the " Eastem Province Herald " of Port 

WARD, Rev. Alqbrnon, M. A., of 33, Rue 
Cherif Pacha, Alexandria, Egypt, euid The 
Limes, Hagworthingham, Lines., was bom in 
1868. He is only son of Rev. Rob. Ward, 
B.A. ; waa educated at the Clergy Sch., Camb., 
and Cambridge Univ. He played in the Uni- 
versity La Crosse team, 1888-1890 ; and was 
Scholar, Sizar, Divinity Prizeman, €uid Sub- 
Librarian of Corpus Christi CoU., Camb., 1887- 
1890. Subsequently he was Curate of St. 
Michaers, Coventry ; Senior Curate of St. 
Augustine's, Edgbaston ; Sub-Warden, Tutor, 
and Divinity Lecturer of Queen's Coll., Bir- 
mingham, and Chaplain of St. Mark^s, Alexan- 
dria. He is author of " Guide to the Study of 
the Book of Common Prayer," " Psalmi Pœni- 
tentifides," and has contributed varions articles 
in theological papers. He married, Nov. 10, 
1896, Elizabeth Mary, eldest dau. of David 
Waters, merchcuit and artist, of Coventry. 

WARE, Fabtan Abthub GouiiSTONE, M.L.C., 
of Pretoria,is the sixth son of Charles £uid Amy 
Carew Ware {née Goulstone). He waa bom at 
CUfton, Bristol, 1869, and after being educated 
privately, proceeded to the Univ. of Paris, 
where he grekluated Bachelier-dès-Sciences 
(Paris). From 188d-99 he was Asst.-Master 
in Secondary Schools (Bradford Grcuxi. Sch. 
1895-1899). From 1900-1901 he was a repré- 
sentative of the Education Committee of the 
British Royal Commission at the Paris Exhibi- 
tion. He has been Occasional Inspecter of 
Secondeuy Schools to the Board of Education in 
England, and Occasional Ex6uniner to the Civil 
Service Commission in England. Li June 1901 
he joined the staff of the T^ansvaal EducationcJ 
Department; became Asst. Director of Edu- 
cation in Sept. 1901, and from Jan. to June 
1903 he was acting Director of Education for the 
Transvaal and O.R.C. In May 1903 he was 
appointed Member of the Transvaal Législative 
Council, and Director of Education, Transvaal, 
in July 1903. Mr. Ware has written many 
Works on éducation. Thèse indude a trans- 

lation of "The New Testament" (1 
Hyacinthe), 1898; " Teaching of Mod* 
Languages in Prussia," and " Training 
Modem Language Teachers in Prussia." 
has sdso written a number of spécial reporti 
the Board of Education, England ; a work 
" Educationcd Reform : the Past of the Bo 
of Education " (Methuen & Co., 1900). H 
the author of " Educational Foundations 
Trade and Industry" (Harper Bros., 1901), i 
during 1900 and 1901 wrote a number of lead 
articles in the "Moming Post." In 1895 
married Anna Margaret, elder dau. of E. 
Phibbs, of Clifton. 

WARREN, Lietjt.-Gen. Sir Chables, R. 
G.C.M.G., K.C.B., Knight of Grâce of the Or 
of the Hospital of St. John of Jérusalem ; 
the Athenseum and United Service Clubs 
the son of Major-Gren. Sir Charles Warr 
K.C.B., Col. of the 96th Régiment. He ^ 
bom Feb. 7, 1840, at Bcuagor, N. Wales ; ^ 
educated at Bridgnorth Gram. Sch., Cl 
tenham Coll., Royal Military Coll., Sai 
hurst, and the Royal Military Acad., Wo 
wich, and passed into the Royal Engineers 
1857. He conducted excavations at Jerusal^ 
and reconnaissance work in Palestine, 1867 
1870 ; and began his long career of usefuln 
in S.A. as Spécial Commissioner on i 
Griqualand West euid O.F.S. Boundary Co: 
mission in 1876-7. He wa3 also Spec 
Commissioner in connection with the la 
question of Griqualand West in 1877. ] 
commanded the Diamond Fields Horse in t 
Transkei War of 1878 (brevet Lieut.-Col 
was Chief of Staff during the Griqualand Wi 
RebeUion in 1878 ; and commanded the Fi< 
Force against the Bechuanais cuid Korannas 
1878-79. He was appointed Administrator 
Griqualcmd West in 1879, and went to Chathi 
in the scune year as Instructor in Surveyii 
S.M.E. In 1882 he was employed under i 
Admiralty in the désert of Arabia Petrœa 
secure the murderers of Professer Pain 
(K.C.M.G.), €Uid he commanded the Beohueu 
land Expédition with the rank of Major-GU 
in 1884-5. Sir Chas. Wctrren unsuccessfu 
contested a Parliamentary seat in the Libe 
interest in 1885. He was in command of i 
troops at Suakin with reuik of Major-Gk 
and Govemor-Gen. of the Red Sea I 
toral in 1886 ; waa Commissioner of Metropc 
tan PoUce from 1886-89 ; commanded i 
troops in the Strcûts Settlements from 1889-9 
and had command of the Thames Distri 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

1896-8. In the récent S.A. War he com- 
manded the 5th Division, taking part in the 
Relief of Ladyamith, 1899-1900, and in the 
latter yecur he once more went to Griquaiand 
Weet aâ Military Govemor. 

Sir Charles is the author of ** Orientation of 
Ancient Temples," " The Temple and the Tomb," 
" Underground Jérusalem," On the Veldt in 
the Seventies," and " The Ancient Cubit and 
Our Weights and Measures." He married. 
Sept. 1, 1864, Fanny Margaretta, dau. of Samuel 
Haydon, of Millmead, Guildford. 

WATKEYS, William David Eustaoe, of 
Bloemfontein, and of the Bloemfontein Club, 
was bom at Brecon, S. Wales, July 18, 1871 ; 
was educated at St. Andrew's ColL, Grahams- 
town and at Grey Coll., Bloemfontein, where he 
follows the profession of law. 

WEARIN, E. M., of the Green Point and 
Sea Point Swinmiing Clubs, C.T., holds the 
600 and 200 yards South African Swimming 
Championship, his times in the 1903 contests 
being 7 min. 24^ sec. for the former, and 2 min. 
68|^ sec. for the latter. He also held the champion- 
ship over thèse two distances in 1902. 

WEBB, Clément Davies, of Johannesburg, 
and the Band Club, was bom in Eing Williams- 
Town. He is son of Frederick C. Webb, a 
farmer, who settled in S.A. in 1820. He was 
educated at the Diocesan Coll. Bondebosch, and 
served in the native wars of 1879 6Uid 1880. 
Clem Webb, as ho is popularly called, has resided 
most of his life in Queenstown, C.C, where 
he was known as an athlète, gynmsist and boxer. 
Between the years 1880-1885 he won a number 
of trophies for thèse sports, and was Capt. of the 
Swifts Football Club (Queenstown) for two 
years — a club which won every match in 1885 
and 1887. He was one of the original committee 
of the long famous Wanderers' Sporting Club 
in Johannesburg, 6uid for two years he won 
the heavy-weight amateur boxing compétition, 
and was ne ver once beaten. Short sight, however, 
compelled him to give up this form of sport. 

Mr. Webb was sent by the Cape Grovt. as one 
of the représentatives of the Cape Court to the 
Colonial and Indian Exhibition in 1886 (held 
in London). The discovery of goldâelds at 
Johannesburg so attracted him that he retumed 
to S.A., and shortly aiterwards took up his 
résidence in Johannesburg. After the Jameson 
Raid and during the imprisonment of the 
Reformers, Mr. Webb aad a few others formed a 

secret society, which afterwards developed iteelf 
into a branch of the S.A. League. Mr. Webb 
was the first Président, emd became a marked 
mon in the Transvaal. He w£is arrested by the 
Boers early in 1899, with the late Major Toxn 
Dodd, for having organized a meeting for the 
purpose of presenting a pétition to the British 
Vice-Consul on the subject of the murder of Edgar 
by a Boer policemcui ; and was tried for high 
treason against the S. A.R. {aee Kooh, Advocate). 
Up to the time of the late S.A. War he took a 
keen interest in political affairs ; spoke at most 
of the League meetings, €Uid proved himself a 
good orgcmizer. On the outbreak of the S.A. 
War he joined the I.L.H. as Lient, in "F," 
squad, and was cunongst the besieged in Lady- 
smith. He was then promoted to the command 
of " B " squad, «md went with the regt. to the 
relief of Mafeking ; was taken ill with typhoid 
and pneumonia, and afterwards detached by 
Lord Roberts for spécial duty in Johannesburg, 
where he was for some time senior offîoer of the 
moimted battn. of the Rand Riâes. Mr. Webb 
has now retired from taking any active pctrt in 
politics or public aSairs. He has started a weekly 
paper, ccJled " South African Mines," which is a 
résurrection of the old " South African Mining 
Journal," and dévotes himself entirely to the 
interests of this paper and the practice of hia 
profession of Soliciter and Notary Public. He 
mcuried a Colonial lady in May, 1890. 

WEBB, Harby Howard, Ph.B., M.Inst.C.£., 
M.I.M.M., M.A.I.M.E., of Johannesburg, of 
the Rcuid and New Clubs, Johannesburg, cuid 
of the TJniversity Club, San Francisco, was 
bom at 'Frisco, Cal., Aug. 15, 1853. He is son of 
Christopher C. Webb, of Cal., whose ancestors 
settled in America from England in 1702. He 
was educated at the Univ. of Califomia, at 
the Royal Sch. of Mines, London, and at the 
Royal Saxon Sch. of Mines, Vreiberg, Saxony. 
He went to S.A. in 1895 as Consulting Mining 
Engineer to several groups of Rhodesian Coe. 
Li 1896 he succeeeded John Hays Hammond 
(then on trial in Pretoria) £is Consulting Engi- 
neer to the Cos. of the Consolidated Gold Fields. 
Mr. Webb is Past Près, of the S.A. Association 
of Engineers. He married, Mch. 9 1887, Miss 
Virginia Martin. 

WEEBER, Pieteb Jacobus, M.L.A.» is 
member of the Cape Législative Assembly for 
Beaufort West, for which électoral division he 
W£ts last re-elected in 1904. He is a member of 
the Bond. 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

WEIL, Samuel, J.P., of 3, Kensington 
Garden Terrace, Bayswater, and o£ the Impérial 
Service Club, was bom in London in 1862 ; was 
educated privately, and went out to S.A. when 
quite young. He settled in Bechuanaleuid 
after the close of the Bechuanaland Expédition, 
1886, joined the firm of Julius Weil, «uid 
assisted in the opening up of the trade route to the 
North by the establishment of stores and trans- 
port. He was appointed J.P. in 1896. He took 
part in the MatabeleWar of 1893, and organized 
the transport ; carried despatches from Inkwesi, 
narrowly escaping capture by the enemy, and was 
reported killed. On the outbreak of rinderpest 
in 1896, which put an end to the transport 
mfiwîliinery upon which the entire country north 
of Mafelong depended for their food supplies, 
with his firm he orgemized mule transport service, 
thereby saving the country from famine. He 
took part in the Matabele Rébellion in 1896, and 
orgemized the transport and food supplies in 
the face of great diffîculties; org€tnized the 
whole of the tr€msport service outside of Natal 
in the late Boer War, 1899-1901 ; given the rank 
of Major on Col. Mahon's staS, took part in 
the relief of Mafeking, and was mentioned in 
Lord Roberts* despatches. 

WEINTHAL, Léo, F.R.G.S., of the Aspens, 
Sunbury-on-Thames, €md 34, Copthall Avenue, 
E.C., Managing Director of " The Africcm World 
and Cape-Cairo Express," and London Cable 
Correspondent of the " Rand Daily Mail," 
was bom at Gra€kff-Reinet, C.C., in 1865. 
He was educated at Heimburg, €md started 
business for himself in 1884 at Port Elizabeth. 
Proceeding to the Transvaal in 1887, he estab- 
lished a State lithographie department for the 
Grovt., and was for yecirs General Manager 
for Mr. J. B. Robinson*s Transvchal newspapers 
and représentative of the interests of his group 
at Pretoria. He was Reuter's agent at Pretoria 
from 1888 to 1897, and acted at varions times 
as Spécial Correspondent for the " Times " and 
** Daily Telegraph." During the Anglo-Boer 
War Mr. Weinthal was Spécial War Correspondent 
for Lafïan's News Bureau, the " New York Sun " 
and the " Chicago Record." After the British 
occupation he left for Europe and spent some 
time on the East Coast of Africa, in order to write 
and compile a popular English handbook for the 
Gorman Line, entitled " Round Africa by the 
D. O. A. Line," which had a good réception. On 
his retum to Europe he decided to remain in 
England, and started in 1902 ** The African 
World," the only London weekly decJing with 

contemporeuy developments in aU par 
Dark Continent. He is a member of th 
Society, and an ardent amateur phot< 

WELDON, Horace, M.L.C, of C 
Johannesburg, and of the Rand and 
Clubs, was bom at Camb., Eng., July 1 
son of the late Rev. Geo. W. Weldon, 
Bickley, Kent. He was educated in Swî 
King's Coll., London, emd the Royck] 
Mines, London. He proceeded to the 1 
in 1893 ; was Manager of the Consol. M 
Van Ryn, Étnd George Goch Mines ; 
managed the Rietfontein " A." £uid the I 
fontein Estate Cos. until his appoint 
Trcmsvaal Govt. Mining Engineer, Apr; 
with a seat in the Législative Cour 
served throughout the Natal Campaig 
Field Force Intelligence under Col. S 
Mr. Weldon is unmarried. 

WENTZEL, Chables Augustus, Ch 
trate of Johannesburg and the Witw 
District ; of Charlton Terrace, Joha] 
and the Rand and Athenseum Clubs (d 
burg), was bom Jan. 29, 1866 and was 
at the S.A. Coll., C.T., and took tl 
cates' Degree (Law) with Honours 
(Transvaal). He practised as Prof, of 
in ce. and subsequently in Johannesl: 
1889 to the outbreak of war. On the o 
of Johannesburg by Lord Roberts he 
pointed a member of the Judicial Inv 
Conmiittee. From July 1900 to Marcl 
was Légal Adviser to the Military Go 
Pretoria (Gen. Sir John Grenfell Max 
Acting Légal Adviser to the Conmc 
Chief during part of that time, in the e 
Mr. (now Justice) Wessels. In April 1' 
the abolition of Military Courts, he was i 
the first Résident Magistrate of Joha 
He was senior member of the Spécial 
Court, which sat at Johannesburg fr 
1901 toMarch 1903, when trial byjudg< 
was resumed. This court had plenar 
over ail offences in the S. E. portion of t 
va&l. He married, in Feb. 13, 1895, an 
children. Hia récréations are golf i 


Puisne Judge of the Suprême Court of t 
vaal ; of Pretoria, and of the Pretoria, I 
Civil Service Clubs ; is son of J. E. V 
Green Point, C.T. lELh was bom at Ca 
Mch. 7, 1862, and was educated at the £ 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

at ttïB Cape of Good Hope Univ., where he 
took B. A. and was a Jamieson Soholar ; and at 
Downing GolL, Camb., where he graduatedB.A., 
LL.B. (Tripos and Qeorge Long Soholar). He 
was called to the Bcff at the Middle Temple in 

1886, and retuming to the Cape, practised as an 
Advocate at the Cape Bar, and afterwards, in 

1887, joined the Transvaal Bar. He defended 
the Beform prisoners (together with Sir Richard 
Solomon (q.v.) in 1896. In 1900 he became 
Légal Adviser to Lord Kitchener, and he received 
his présent appointment in 1902. He married 
Helen Mary, dau. of Benjamin Dufi, LS.O. 

WHITAKER, Geoboe, M.L.A., is one of the 
new members for King Williamstown in the Cape 
House of Assembly, to which he was elected in 
the Progressive interest in 1904. 

WHITE, Capt. Hon. Chaules James, of the 
Naval €Mid Military Club, is the third son of Lord 
Annaly, K.P. He wcts bom June 14, 1860, at 
Rabeny, co. Dublin, and was educated at Eton. 
He joined the Royal Fusiliers 1881, and served 
at home cuid in Lidia till 1890, when he proceeded 
to S.A., and was appointed to the B.S.A. Co.*s 
Police with several Extra Service Officers, at the 
time when Col. Ferreira £uid a conmi€uido of 
Boers attempted to cross the Limpopo and occupy 
Banjailand. From this they were dissuaded by 
Dr. Jameson. From 1891 to Jan., 1892, he was 
in command of the Depot and Remounts at Tuli, 
Mashon£j£uid. On the réduction of the Police 
Force, he was appointed Asst. Mining Commis- 
sioner and then ivâning Commissîoner at Hartley 
Hill. He also served as Résident Magistrate and 
Chief Commissioner of Police, retaining the latter 
appointment from Nov. 1892 to Sept. 1895. 
He re-organized the police from their former 
military position into a civil body. Capt. White 
took part in the expédition to Matabeleland in 
1893. He was in command of the combined 
scouts of the Victoria and Salisbury Colunms, 
and was présent in ail actions until the occupa- 
tion of Bulawayo (medcJ and clasp). He retired 
from the regular army in 1894. He took part 
in the suppression of the Matabele Rébellion 
first as Staff Officer to Col. Spreckley, C.M.G., 
and then in command of White's Flying Column 
at the reliefs of Salisbury, Hartley Hill, cmd 
Enkeldoom (medal and clasp). Since 1895 Capt. 
White hc» been connected with several business 
undertcJdngs in Rhodesia. He married, Dec. 11, 
1901, Evelyn, dau. of F. B. Bulkeley Johnson. 

WHITE, Majob Hon. Robebt, of 16, Stratton 

St., PicoadiUy, and of the Turf, Travellera', Naval 
and Military, Bachelors*, and Pratt's Clubs» is 
the son of Luke, Baron Annaly. He was bom 
Oct. 26, 1861, at Kirkmiohael, DinnfrieBshire 
and was educated at Eton and Trinity GoIL, 
Camb. In 1882 he joined the Royal Wetih 
Fusiliers, and served in the Nile Campaign, re- 
oeiving the Egyptian medal (1884-6) and ths 
Khedive's star. He was on the Staff of the 
Cork IMst. 1886-89 ; on the Staff of the York 
Dist. 1890-91, and attended the Staff ColL 
1891-92. He was appointed on the Staff in 
Rhodesia «id wcus one of the Bntish offioers who 
took part in the Jameson Raid, and for this he 
was imprisoned in HoUoway for seven months 
in 1896-97. He served with the 6th Div. in S.A. 
in 1900, axkd was présent at the battles of Paarde- 
burg axkd Drief ontein, at the relief of Kimberley, 
€uid at Diamond Hill. He was promoted Maj. 
by Lord Roberts «id gazetted in 1901. Un- 

WIENER, LuDwiG, of the Retreat, Newlands, 
near Cape Town ; of the aty Qub (C.T.) and of 
the National Libéral Club, comes trom. a long- 
lived stock on his mother's side, she having Mved 
to the âge of ninety-four years. He was bom 
in Berlin in 1838 and emigrated to America in 
1 850. He was educated in Berlin emd New York. 
He left America for S.A. in 1856, and for fifteen 
years he was in business at Tulbagh cuod Ceres. 
Proceeding to C.T. in 1870, he became a partner 
of Van der Byl & Co., and retired from the firm 
aa senior partner Dec. 31, 1895. In 1899 he 
started a new business aa gênerai merchants under 
the style and firm of Wiener & Co., Ltd., of which 
coy. he was appointed chairman for life. For 
fifteen years he represented C.T. in the House 
of Assembly, and during this time always f ou^^t 
for cheap food and decur brandy. He was 
Conmiissioner for the C.C. at the Chicago 
World*s Fair in 1893. For many years he has 
been Chairman of the Table Bay Hcffbour Boaid, 
and for a considérable time Près, of the Chamber 
of Conmierce at C.T. He was cJso formerly 
Près, of the Associated Chambers of Commeroe 
of S.A. He is the Chairman of the Colonial 
Mutual Life Assurance and the Manchester 
Assurcmce Co. Among other philanthropie 
Works he hais been Près, of the Somerset Hospital. 
In 1S58 he married Miss Barker, nièce of M. M. 
Tate, of Cape Town. 

WILLIAMS, Geoboe Blacestone, J.P., of 
Wynberg, C.C, was bom in Dorset June 22, 1866 ; 
is second son of the late Rev. H. B. Williams» 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

Hector of Bradford Peverell, Dorset ; Fellow 
of Winchester Coll., and Bbn. Canon of Salisbury 
Cathedral. He was educated at Marlborough 
CoU. He entered the Cape Civil Service in 1879 ; 
was Asst. B.M. at Kimberley, 1882; at C.T. 
1895, €uid was appointed B.M. at Wynberg in 

1902. He married, Mar. 10, 1885, Elizabeth 
Mary, eldest dau. of the late Nathaniel Cock, of 
Kimberley, and grand-dau. of the Hon. Wm. 
Cock, M.L.C. 

WILLIAMS, H. Sylvbstbb, is a native of 
Bermuda, and a member of Gray's Inn. In Oct. , 

1903, he was admitted to practise at the Suprême 
Court of the TransvaeJ, of which he is the first 
and only coloured member. 

WILLIAMS, John Kiohabd, M.I.M.M., 
M.Am. I.M.E. ; of Park Lane, Parktown, 
Johannesburg (Box 149), €uid of the New Club, 
Johannesburg ; was bom at Anglesea, N. WcJes, 
Nov. 24, 1862. He is eldest son of James 
Michell Williams, of Gwenep, Comwall, and was 
educated privately. Himself the son of a mining 
engineer cuid metallurgist, he was trained in a 
metallurgical works at Swansea, S. Wales, and 
proceeded to S.A. as Chief Chemist and Metal- 
lurgist to the Cape Copper Co. at Ookiep, Nama- 
qualand. For the past 13 yeajrs he has been 
engaged in metallurgical work on the Kand, «tnd 
since 1895 haa a.cted aa consulting chemist and 
metallurgist to the Eckstein and other mining 
groups. During this period he has been Isurgely 
instrumente^ in bringing the profitable treatment 
of *' slimes '* to a successful issue. From 1899 
to 1903 he was Près, of the Chemical and Metal- 
lurgical Society of S.A., which during his term 
of office enlarged its sphère of usefulness by in- 
cluding " mining " in its scope and title. In 
1903 Mr. Williams was elected a member of the 
Council of the Institution of Mining cmd Metal- 
lurgy, London. He was appointed by Lord 
Mihier a member of the Conmiission on Miners' 
Plithisis, and served on the Technical Education 
Commission nominated by the TransvaeJ Govt. 
He takes a keen interest in scientifîc work «tnd 
éducation, and married, Dec. 4, 1894, Mary 
Annie, eldest dau. of H. A. Bradley, engineer and 
curchitect, of London. 

WILLIAMS, BiQHT Bev. Joseph Watkin, 
D.D., Bishop of St. John*s, Kaffraria, of Bishops- 
mead, Umtata, C.C. ; was bom at Birmingheun, 
Oct. 15, 1857, is eldest son of Thos. WcU/kin 
Williams, F.B.Q.S. ; was educated at Winchester, 
Oxford, and Cuddesdon ; was ordained in 1881 ; 

was Domestic Chaplain to the Arc 
C.T. from 1892 till 1901, when he wai 
to the Bishopric of St. John*s. 

WILLIAMS, Baxfh Champnet 
(1901), of Head Quarter House, Mafel 
the St. Jfitmes' Club, is the son of the 
Williams, of Treffos, Anglesey, and wi 
at BossalL He explored in Pal 
1873-74, and waa in Central Africa i 
He was head of the Civil Intellige 
Bechuanaland Expédition in 1884-81 
British Consulat Officer in S.A.B. 
waa appointed first British Agent 
with Letter of Credence, 1888. 
Colonial Treas. of Gibraltar 1890, and 
of the Port of Gibraltar 1895. He r< 
silver medal and vellum certificate 
Italian Govt. for services in connec 
wreck of the Utopia in 1891. Aftei i 
went to the Barbados as ColonieJ Se 
and ekcted twice as Govemor of Barl 
is the author of " The British Lion in 
land," and was SpecieJ Correspond 
"Standard," 1884-85. He married 
Jessie, dau. of Samuel Dean. 

WILLIAMS, BOBEBT, of 30 and 31 
Lane, London, E.C. ; [and of 69, A 
Mansions, Kensington Gore, Londoi 
at Aberdeen, Scotlcuid, and waa foi 
gineer for the Bultfontein Mine, and 
went to the Transvaal and Bhode 
was as a financier in London that 
his chief mctrk, devoting his énergies 
the development of the territories 
above the Zeonbesi. He is Mcuiagin 
of the Tanganyika Concessions Ltd., tl 
Bailway Co., and the Zambesi Exp 
besides exercising considérable infii 
other large concems. The Tangan 
cessions Co. is an inmiense concer 
sway over large tra.ct8 of N. Bhc 
KatangeJand. It holds for joint ac< 
the Katanga Co. the prospecting r 
about 60,0€K) squctre miles in the Con| 
with the right to work ail mines wM 
discovered for 89 yeais, and there e 
be tin and copper deposits exceed 
millions in veJue, besides gold reefs, 
nickel. The Tanganyika Co. also oi 
interest in the Benguella Concession 
sole right to prospect over abou 
sq. miles for ten years and to work 
found in perpetuity. But one of tl 
Bchemes with which Mr. Williams 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

is the construction of the railway from Lobito 
Bay, under the Benguella Concession, to open 
up the minorai areas and evontually probably 
oonnect with the Cape to Cairo railway System, 
and if he succeeds in satisfactorily financing 
this, the Une should absorb nine-tenths of the 
S. African passenger traffic to and from 
Europe. But in view of Mr. Williams' previous 
success in carrying out his projects it is not 
probable that this scheme will fail for want of 
support in the proper quarters. Mr. Robert 
Williams is a man of enormous enterprise, who 
has worked wonders \vith the aid of such small 
opportunities as hâve presented themselves, a 
small syndicate of his with a capital of but 
£5,000 having been greidually developed into 
the Zambesia Exploring Co., from which ulti- 
mately sprang the Tanganyika Concessions. 
A protégé of Cecil Rhodes, who strongly sup- 
ported his daring and ambitions schemes, he 
has aLso received great assistance from the King 
of the Belgians and the King of Portugal. He 
was further seconded by the well-known firm of 
Hilder & Paul. Given a sufficiency of ânancial 
support, we may yet see Mr. Robert Williams fig- 
uring as theCecil Rhodes of Northern Zambesia. 
He is personally very popular, and fond of shoot- 
ing and yachting, and was formerly the owner 
of the yacht Rosabelle He drives a double 
tonneau Panhard motor, and still plays a good 
game of cricket, and it will be remembered that 
he captained the team at Bal-na-coil which 
played and beat the S. African XI. in 1901. 
He married Margaret, dau. of Mr. Bayne, of 

WILLMORE, John Selden, M. A., of Zeitoun, 
Cairo, and of the Athenseum Club, was born at 
Neuilly, France, in 1856 ; is younger son of the 
late Graham Willmore, Q.C., Judge of the 
Somersetshire County Court and Recorder of 
Bath and Wells, by his wife Joséphine Selden, of 
Virginia. He was educated at Eang's Coll., 
Camb., where he graduated M. A. in 1886 ; is a 
Barrister of the Inner Temple, and was appointed 
a Student Interpréter at Constantinople in 1879. 
He was Acting Consul-Gen. at Philippopolis, 
1885 ; Vice-Consul at Angora, 1885-87, and at 
Alexandria, 1887-89, when he was appointed to 
his présent position as a Judge of the Native 
Egyptian Court of Appeal. He is a Lecturer at 
the Khedivial School of Law and has published 
"The Spoken Arabie of Egypt " (1901) and 
" Handbook of Spoken Egyptian Arabie " (1903). 
In his earlier days he won prizes for running and 
jumping ; his récréations axe now lawn tennis 

€uid swimming. He married, in 1890, Edith 
Mabel, eldest dau. of the late Alfred Ccûllcffdy 
Director of Customs, Egypt. 

WILLS, John Trenwith, Order of the Med- 
jidieh, of Formby, Lancashire, fifth and youngest 
son of John WiUs, merchant, of Liverpool, his 
grcmdfather being Francis Wills, Headmaster of 
the then great Quaker Sch. at Newton-in-Bolland, 
Yorks., was born at Chester in 1844, and was 
educated at the Merchant Taylors' Sch., and 
afterwards in Italy. About the yecur 1861 he 
went to Alexandria, Egypt, and joined the fîrm 
of the Egyptian Commercial and Trading Co.» 
Ltd., and later, that of Messrs. Bobt. Corkling 
&. Co., Ltd., of Alexandria and Mansourah. At 
the latter place he was for some tîme Acting 
British Vice-Consul. 

In 1870 he started the weU-known firm of WiUs, 
Manche & Co., Stecimship Agents at Port Said cmd 
Suez, now called WiUs & Co., Ltd. His firm, be- 
sides representing many of the principeJ British 
and foreign steamship cos., was aiso coal con- 
tractors to the British Govt. for some seven con- 
sécutive years, and especially during the eventful 
time of the Arabi Pasha revolt. During this 
time they had to supply the coal to the immense 
fleet of hired transports on their way through thé 
Canal with the troops, etc., to Ismailia just prier 
to the Battle of Tel-el-Kebir, when the power of 
Arabi was broken once for ail. Later on they 
had to supply ail the coal to the fleet of hired 
transports taking out railway materi£d for the 
projected Suakim-Berber Railway for the relief 
of Gordon Pasha at Kliartoum,which however was 
abandoned, and the ships with their cargoes re- 
turned to England by order of the Gladstone 

The subject of our sketch was for about twelvo 
years Hon. Vice-Consul at Port Said to H.M. 
King Oscar of Sweden and Norway. One of the 
interesting events during his term of offîce was 
the retum of Prof. Nordenskjold's expédition to 
the Polar régions. Capt. Pallander, R.N. (Nor- 
wegian), the Conmaander of the Expédition, 
during a visit to the Vice-Consular Office gave a 
very graphie viva voce outline of the joumey in 
English, from the time the expédition left home 
until its arrivai at Port Said. This the subject 
of our sketch translated Verbatim into French as 
the narrative proceeded, and it was teJsien down 
on the spot by the représentative of the loccd 
French paper and duly appeared in extenso in 
the next day's issue. This was the first authentio 
account that appeared in the public press, and it 
made interesting reading. 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

During the years 1862-63, when the great 
choiera plague raged in Egypt, Mr. Wills was one 
of the few Englishmen (another notable one 
being Mr. James Finney, of Messrs. Carver Bros.) 
who remained at Alex€uidria to see it through, 
nearly ail the other Eiiropeans having sealed up 
their premises and âed. In about 1884 the épi- 
démie raged agaih, but not so fiercely, and Mr. 
Wills was one of the committee appointed to 
ward ofE the encroaching disease at Port 
Said, and their combined efforts were so success- 
ful that not a single fatal case occurred. For 
thèse services he received the décoration from the 
K[hedive of the Impérial Order of the Medjidieh. 

He retired from the firm of Wills & Co., Ltd., in 
1889. He occasionally acted during the Arabi 
Pasha revolt as the " Times " correspondent at 
Port Said, and is now the Liverpool commercicJ 
représentative of the Press Assoc, Ltd., of 
Lond., and is also connected with the well- 
known firm of Sun & Coventry, of Liverpool. 
He married : first, in 1874, Louisa Jane, dau. of 
Richard Clarke, SoUcitor and Clerk of the Peace, 
of Shrewsbury, by whom he had one dau., Mary 
Adelaide ; and second, in 1890, Florence Elizabeth, 
dau. of the late Geo. Lovering, of West Norwood, 
by whom he has two sons, Trenwith Lovering 
and John (îodfrey. 

WILLSON, Majob-Gkn. Sir Mildmay, 
K.C.B., is the eldest son of the late Anthony 
Peacock, of Ranceby Hall, formerly M.P. for 
Lincoln, who assumed the name of Willson. 
He was bom in the year 1847, and entered the 
Scots Guards in 1866. He took part in the Nile 
Expédition, and in 1901 joined Lord Kitchener 
for spécial service in the Boer War. He was in 
conun€tnd of the troops to the west of Johannes- 
burg, €uid was generally looked upon as a " safe '* 
leader. Gen. Willson is unmarried. 


F.R.G.S., Knight of St. Gregory, and Hon. 
Chfiunberlain to the Pope ; of Cape Town €uid 
Grahamstown, C.C, and of the Civil Ser- 
vice (C.T.) and Port Elizabeth Clubs, was 
born at Edinburgh, Apr. 9, 1836, «uid re- 
ceived his éducation at the Univs. of Glas- 
gow £uid Edinburgh. After spendinjg some 
time in the Cape Colonial Civil Service, Mr. 
Wilmot entered the Cape PÉurliament in 1889, 
and has sat ever since in the Législative Council 
(or Upper House), and has during his P€urli€k- 
mentary career been sponsor for many useful 
social measures. He is Président of the Tem- 
percmce Alliance, and is Whip of the Progressive 

party in the Législative Council, 
leadership of Dr. Jameson. His coi 
the South-Eastem Electoral Provi 
prises Port Elizabeth, Grahamstown, i 
hage. Mr. Wilmot is the author of a 
of South Africa," " History of the Z 
'* History of Dur Own Time in Soûl 
etc. He msuried, Jan. 17, 1860, ] 
Mary Slater, belonging to one of tl 
settler fcunilies of 1820. 

WINDHAM, William, of Parkto\ 

nesburg, and of the Athenaeum Club, 

burg ; son of Ashe Windham, of Wc 

Yorks. ; was bom at Greytown, Nov 

and was educated at the Diocesan 

He was appointed Clerk to the Resi 

missioner, Zululand, in 1 882 ; Stu< 

prêter, Native AfEairs Dept., Nai 

Registrar to H.E. the Spécial Comm 

Zulu AfEairs, Oct. 1885 ; Clerk and : 

to Résident Commissioner and Chief '. 

Zululand, June 1887 ; Secy. to the sa 

1889 ; Clerk to the Executive Coui 

Sept. 1889; Priv. Secy. to the G( 

Natal, Oct. 1889; Secy. for Zuln 

1889; Govt. Secy. for Zululand, ] 

Asst. Under Secy. for Zululand AS.i 

Jan. 1897 ; Registrar of Deeds and 

Gen., Natal, Mar. 1898 ; Asst. Secy. 'k 

of the Transvaal, July 1, 1901,; and 

his présent appointment as Secy. 

Aflfairs of the Transvaal, Sept. 23, 1901 

ried, July 10, 1894, Blanche, dau. 

Titren, of Durban. 

WINGATE, Maj.-Gen. Sib Fba] 
NALD, K.C.B., K.C.M.G., C.B. (Civ 
F.R.G.S. (late A.D.C. to the Kii 
Cordon of the Medjidieh, 2nd Class 
2nd Class Iron Crown of Austria, 
Star of Ethiopia; of the Palace, ] 
War Office, Cairo ; Stafford Hous( 
N.B. ; and of the Army and Navy, 
Turf (Cairo), and Sudan (KJiartoum 
the son of Andrew Wingate, of Glctsgc 
bom June 25, 1861, at Broadfield, 
gow, Renfrewshire, and was educa 
Thompson's Sch., Jersey, and i 
Military Acad., Woolwich. Gen. 
entered the R.A. in 1880, and 
employed with the Egyptian Army 
He ekcted as A.D.C. and Military I 
Evelyn Wood in the Sudan Exj 
1884--5 (despatches, medsJ with ck 
star^ brev. of Maj.). He again ser 


Anglo-âfrican Who's Who 

Sudan in 188^91» being présent at the action 
of Toeki (despatohes, D.S.O.» clasp) and at the 
capture of Tok«ur (3rd Class Medjidieh, and 
clasp and bronze star). In 1895 he was ap- 
pointed Director of Bfilitary Intelligence in the 
^S3np^^<^ Army, and served in this capacity 
through the Dongola Expédition in 1896 (des- 
patches» brev. of Lient. -CoL, Egyptian medal, 
two deuips), and in the Nile Expédition of the 
following year (appointed A.D.C. to the Queen, 
brev. of Col., clasp and Eg3rptian medsJ). He 
also took part in the Nile Expédition of 1898» 
being présent at the battles of Atbara» €uid 
Khartoum, being mentioned In despatches, 
receiving the K.C.M.G. and the thcuiks of both 
Houses of Parliament (two clasps £uid Egyptian 
medal). In the Nile Expédition of 1899 Sir 
Reginald commcuided the Infantry Division 
in the first advance against the Khalifa, and 
took command in the subséquent opérations, 
which resulted in the final defeat of the Khalifa, 
being présent at the cKstions of Abu Aadel and 
Om Dubreikat (despatches, K.C.B., 2nd Class 
Osmanieh, two clasps and Egyptien medeJ). 
Gen. Wingate succeeded Lord Elitchener as 
Sirdar of the Egyptian Army and Govemor- 
Gen. of the Sudan. He married, June 18, 
1888, Catherine Leslie, dau. of Capt. Joseph 
Sparkhall Kundle, K.N., of Newton Abbott, 

WOLFAARDT, Geobge Sébastian, M.L.A., 
is member of the Cape Législative Assembly for 
Swellendam, for which électoral division he was 
re-elected in Feb., 1904. He supports the Bond 

WOLFF, LiEUT. CECHi Harry, of the Sports 
Club, London, was bom at Port Elizabeth, Jan. 
1882 ; is second son of Victor Wolff, whose 
father was Mayor of Port Elizabeth. Lieut. 
Wolff was educated at St. Paul's Sch., and Univ. 
Coll., London. He won the Public Schools Box- 
ing Championship in 1898 and 1899. Entered 
the 4th Batt. Bedford Regt. Cet. 16, 1901; 
served in S.A. Dec. 1901-Oct. 1902 (medal and 
four clasps). 

WOLMARANS, J. M. A., was a member of the 
Executive Council under the Kriiger régime 
He was accused by the Dutch paper "' Land en 
Volk " of receiving a commission of one shiling 
per case of dynamite sold (equal to about £10,000 
perannum)asabribetosecure his support in the 
Executive Council on the vote as to the renewal 
of the Dynamite Concession. Mr. Wolmarans 
always declined to notice the allégation. 

WOOD, Fibld-Mabshal Sm Eveltn» V.C., 
G.C.B., G.C.M.G., Grand Croes of the Légion of 
Honour ; of Salisbury, and of the United Service 
Club, is the youngest son of the late Rev. Sir 
John Page Wood, Bart., and Emma, dau. of 
Admirai Mitchell. He was bom Feb. 9, 1838, at 
Cressing, Essex, and was educated at Marl- 
borough. Sir Evelyn Wood has had a long and 
brilliant career extending over half a œntury. 
He Mitered the Royal Navy in 1862, and was 
severely wounded while serving with the Naval 
Brigade in the Crimean War. It was certainly 
not an unfortunate décision which induced him 
to reeign the service in which, young as he was, 
his Personal gallantry had made him oonspicuous, 
and to enter the comy in which he has done suoh 
splendid work. After serving in a Light Dragoon 
Regt. he joined the 17th Lcmcers in the Indian 
Mutiny Campaign, where he gained the V.C. for 
having on Cet. 19, 18Ô8, during an action at 
Sindwayo, when in command of a troop of the 
3rd Light Cavcdry, attacked with muoh gallantry, 
almost single-handed, a body of rebel8,and àlso 
for subsequently rescuing an Indian from a band 
of robbers. At this time he was serving as 
Brigade-Maj. with Beatson's Horse. He also 
raised and commanded Mayne*s Horse, and was 
présent in five actions. He served with great 
distinction in the Ashanti, Kafîr, Zulu and first 
Transvaal Wars ; commanded the Second Bri- 
gade (2nd Div.) in the Expédition to Egypt in 
1882 ; r£dsed the Egyptian Army in 1883, and 
took pÉurt in the Nile Expédition in 1894-96. He 
has, at varions times, been in command of the 
Chathcun and Eastem Dists. of the Aldershot 
Div. He has also been Adjutant-Gton. and 
Quartermaster-Gen. to the Forces, and lately 
commanded the 2nd Army Corps. Sir Evelyn 
Wood was called to the Bar at the Middle Temple 
in 1874. He is a well known writer on military 
subjects, his book on the Cnmea being regarded 
as a standard work of those stirring times. He 
mairied, Sept. 19, 1867, the Hon. Pauline South- 
well, who died in 1891. 

WOOD, Henby, M.L.A., was retumed unop- 
posed as Progressive member for Grahamstown 
in the Cape House of Assembly in Nov. 1902, and 
was re-elected in 1904. He is a supporter of the 

WOOLLAN, Benjamin Minobs, of Sherwood 
Park, Tunbridge Wells, was bom in 1867. He 
went to S.A. in 1882, and after five years spent on 
the Kimberley Diamond Fields hewas attraoted 
by the budding promise of the TransvaeJ Gold- 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

fields, €uid the year 1887 saw him established in 
Johannesburg. With great energy cuid ability 
he soon built up a Isarge and prospérons business, 
€uid cunongst other joint-stock ventures founded 
the Johannesburg Stock Exchange, of which 
Committee he was the first Ghairman. He was 
also a member of he TransvaeJ National Union. 
He retumed to E* .gland in 1895, and retired from 
business a few years later. He is very fond of 
shooting, and has been twice marrîed. 

WOOLLS-SAMPSON, Col. Sœ Axtbbby, 
K.G.B., of Johannesburg. In the early seventies 
at the âge of fif terai, he shouldered a rifle in the 
Diamond Fields Revolt, led by the Fenian, Ayl- 
ward, who singled out young Sampson as one 
who did not know what fear mecuit. In 1896 he 
was one of the two Reform prisoners {vide W. 
D. Davies) who, rather than join in the pétition 
to the Executive, electedto complète their terms 
of imprisonment in Pretoria gaol. He founded 
the ImperisJ Light Horse at the beginning of the 
S.A. Wcur, through which he served from 1899 to 
1902, doing excellent service, especially on the 
Intelligence Staff. He was severely wounded at 
Elandslaagte, «tnd was several times mentioned 
in despatches. He is now Hon. Col. of the Bight 
Wing of the I.L.H., with hon. rcmk in the British 
Army ; was made C.B. Nov. 29, 1900, and K.C.B. 
June 26, 1902. At the conclusion of the wcur he 
joined Major Mullins, V.C, in a partnership as 
financieJ €uid estate agents in Johannesburg. 

WREY, Philip Boubchisb Sherabd, of 
Bulawayo, and the Union Club, London, was 
bom June 28, 1858. He is son of Sir Henry 
Bourchier Wrey, Bart., €uid of the Hon. Lady 
Wrey, dau. of Baron Sherard. He was educated 
privately, and served his articles as Civil and 
Mining Engineer with Jas. Henderson, M.I.C.E., 
of Tnux), (>)mwall, 1876-79. In the latter ye€ur 
he went to S.A., practising in Elimberley as a 
mining engineer, 1880-81. He was employed as 
Cape Govt. Surveyor, 1883-85, during which 
timehe surveyed andreported upon the Walfisch 
Bay territory. From 1886 to 1891 he was occu- 
pied as Mining Engineer in Johannesburg. From 
then until 1899 he was Consulting Engineer to the 
Mashonaland Agenoy and its subsidi^es, and he 
then beccune Oen. Manctger of that group. He 
waa Près, of the Bhodesian Chamber of Mines 
for 1901-2. Mr. Wrey married, Aug. 14, 1889, 
AHce Meury, dau. of the late Col. Borton, R.H.A. 

WRIGHT, Caft. Wallaoe Dutfibld, V.C, 
of the 2nd Queen's Regfc., was bom at Gibraltar 
in 1875 ; was educated at Cranbrook Sch., Kent, 

and joined the Militia in 1893. Transferr 
the regular army in 1896, he proceeded to 
taking part in the N.W. Frontier Campa 
1897-98, in which he waa severely wounded 
went to N. Nigeria in 1901, and served wi 
M.I. in the Kano and Sokoto affcûrs of 1901 
distinction, being mentioned in despatchc 
receiving the ooveted V.C. He was cdso si 
wounded. His captaincy dates from 

WYNNE, James, M.L.A., is one of th< 
gressive members of the Cape Législative A 
bly for Port Elizabeth, for which constit 
he was re-elected at the gênerai élection in 

Francis Edwaiu>, C.I.E., of the Army and 
Club ; second son of Major-Gen. J. W. Y 
husband, C.S.I., began his military career 
Ist Drageon Guards in 1882, subsequently 
ferring to the Indian Staff Corps. H 
traveUed considerably in China, Chmese T 
tan and India, and has on v€trious occ 
served as PoliticeJ Offîcer. Perhaps no n 
the service of the Indian Govt. is rege^dec 
so much fear by Russia, whose agents hav 
sistently shadowed his movements durii 
joumeys in the Far East. Col. Younghu 
acted as spécial correspondent of the *' Ti 
during the ccunpaîgn in Chitral, and àlso c 
the Rhodesian Rébellion in 1896. He ii 
cKsting as Conmûssioner on a mission to 1 
for negotiating a settlement of the relatioi 
tween India €uid that country. Theexpe( 
aiter being delayed on the frontier, arri\ 
£[h€unbajong, in the Thibetcm territory, in 
1903, and remained there on cKscount of th 
tility of the Thibetans until Nov. of that 
when an advanoe of a further ninety mi 
Gyangtse, an important centre some 150 
from Lhassa, was ordered. Gyangtse 
reached, aiter some fighting in which the T 
ans lost heavily, in April, 1904. 

Col. Younghusband was decorated in 190 
holds two gold medals, one the Kaiser-i-Hii 
Public Service in India, and the other tl 
the Royal Geographical Society for g< 
exploration work. He is the author of " 1 
Africa of To-Day," published in 1898, ai 
other Works. He married, in 1897, a daugb 
the late Chas. Magniac, M.P. 

ZIETSMAN, Louis Fbedebick, M.L.A 
présents Griqualand East in the Cape Legia 
Assembly, to which he was ageûn returm 
the Progressive vote in 1904. 



ADAMS» Db. Pebcy T., L.R.C.S., formerly 
Surgeon attcMshed to the Union SS. Co., was 
appointed Deputy Mediccd Offîcer of Health 
of the O.B.C. in 1903. 

ANSON, HON. F. C. M., of Lagos, W. Africa, 
was formerly for twenty years in the Civil Ser- 
vioe of British Guieuia ; then served for a short 
while as Treas. of St. Lucia, prier to his pré- 
sent appointment as Colonial Treas. of Lagos. 

BADEN-POWELL, Majob-Oen. Robbbt 
Stbphenson Smyth, C.B., F.R.O.S., of 32, 
Prince's Gâte, London, €uid of the Cavalry, 
Naval €uid Military, and Beefsteeik Clubs, is son 
of Prof. Baden-PoweU, his mother being dau. 
of Admirai Smyth. Gen. R. S. S. Be^len-Powell 
W€U3 bom in London, Feb. 22, 1857 ; was edu- 
cated at Charterhouse, and joined the 13th 
Hussars in 1876, serving with distinction in the 
Afghanistan, Bœr, Zuîulcuid, Ashanti, Mata- 
beleland, and S. African campaigns. He 
was Mil. Secy. at the Cape, 1887-90 ; and at 
Malta, 1890-93. In the second Matabele Wcur 
he rendered invaluable services as C.S.O. to 
Col. Plumer during the opérations in the Matop- 
pos. He commanded the advanced force during 
its attacks on Babyaan's stronghold, July 20, 
1896 ; performed excellent service in risky 
scouting work by night and day in the Matop- 
pos, and commanded successful patrols in clear- 
ing the Shangani, Wedzas, and BeUngwe dis- 
tricts. Li the last Boer War he gained great 
popularity by his gallant defence of Medfeking, 
and later he rcûsed andooiomanded the S.A.C., 
a corps which at that time numbered 10,000 
strong. Relinquishing this oommand in 1903, 
he was appointed Inspector-Gen. of CaveJry» 
Gen. Baden-Powell takes his profession seriously 
and enthusiastioeJly. He has written a useful 
tezt-book on scouting, which is àlso regaxded 
as a tezt-book by the C^erman Army ; he is a 
élever sketoher» and has considérable theatrioal 

talent. In 1884 he won the E^adir Cup for 
sticking in India, and he plays polo and ] 

BALDWIN, Capt., succeeded Capt. i 
Crowe as British Consul-Gen. at Delagoa '. 
in 1902. 

BANNERMAN, Capt. Sm Alexandeb, R 
llth Bekrt., of BrcKskley, Northants, where 
was bom Dec. 16, 1870, was educated at V 
lington Coll., and succeeded to the Baronc 
Dec. 3, 1901. He served for 31 years in H 
Kong and through the whole of the S.A. ^ 
being mentioned in Lord Roberts' despatcl 
He left England in 1903 on a spécial mise 
for the War Office to Japcui. 

BRAKHAN, Amandus, of Johannesburg 
the chief représentative in S.A. of the Ac 
Gkierz group of Cos. 

BREWSTER, Alfbbd, Bet, of Cairo, Egy 
belongs to an old Essex family, and is brot! 
to T. A. Brewster, proprietor of the *' P 
Elizabeth Advertiser.** He entered the s 
vice of the Egyptian Govt. in 1870, in 1 
Customs Administration and Coastguard S 
vice. In 1879 he was appointed Director 
Customs at Suakin by the late Gen. Gordc 
This post he held tiU 1882, when he served 
the Egypticui campaign on the Commissar 
staff (medal and bronze star). He retumed 
Suakm in 1883, anà served under Bskker Pas 
in the Intelligence and Commissariat Depai 
ments, and was subsequently appointed by t 
late Admirai Sir W. Hewitt as Sub-Gk>vem( 
in addition to his duties at the Customs. 
1884 he was appointed Commander of t] 
Impérial Order of the Medjidieh, and in tl 
following year he was lent to the Intelligen 
Department by the Egyptian Govt., and wi 
attaohed to Gen. Graham's force. He w; 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

présent ai severcJ actions and at the takdng of 
Tamai, being mentîoned in despatches. He 
remained in Suakin as Director of Customs 
until 1890, when he was transferred to the 
Coastgnard Service at Alexandria aa Secret€kry 
and Controller. In 1891 he was selected by 
the Khédive Mohamed Tewfik as his Private 
Secy., and acts now in the same capacity to 
the présent Khédive, Abbets II. He holds the 
r£uik of Bey of the first class, and is Commander 
of the ImperifiJ Ottoman Orders of Osmanieh 
and Medjidieh, and ChevaUer of the François 
Joseph Order. 

WnxiAM, D.S.O., M.P., J.P., D.L., of 1, Bel- 
grave "Place, London, S.W., is eldest son of the 
late Lient. -Col. W. Bromley-Davenport, was 
bom in 1863, and was educated at Eton and 
Oxford, both of which he represented in the 
cricket Éuad football teams. He has repre- 
sented the Macclesfield Div. of Cheshire as a 
Conservative since 1886, and took a prominent 
part in representing Lord Penrhyn's case when 
the Bethesda quarries dispute was brought 
before the House. He also championed the 
cause of Col. Kinloch (whose brother-in-law 
he is) in connection with the " ragging incident " 
in the Grenadier Guards. For a couple of years 
he acted as Parliamentary Secy. to Sir Matthew 
White Ridley when he was Home Secy., and he 
succeeded Lord Stanley as Financial Secy. to 
tlie War Office. 

During the S.A. War Mr. Bromley-Davenport 
commanded the 4th Batt. Imp. Yeo., being 
mentioned in despatches, and receiving the 
medal and the D.S.O. 

BROOK,Majob-Gen., of Cape Town, served 
through the Zulu War in 1879 ; the Boer War 
of 1880-81 ; commanded the 2nd Brigade of 
the Tochi Field Force in India in 1897-8, and 
was employed on spécial service during the 
S. African War. In 1904 Gen. Brook suc- 
ceeded Major-Gen. Miles in the command of 
the Cape Colony district. 

CASSEL, RiGHT HoN. Sni Ebnest, K.C.M.G., 
K.C.V.O., P.C., of 48, Grosvenor Sq., London, 
W., was bom in 1862 at Cologne, where he was 
also educated. He is an engineer by profession, 
and is the constructor of the wonderful dam 
at Assouan, which cost two and a half millions 
to build, but the storing of the Nile water will, 
it is estimated, increase the wealth of Egypt 
by eighty millions sterling. 

CRICHTON (Henby Wimjam), Viscsount, 
D.S.O., of Crom Castle, Newtown Butler, Ipe- 
land, and of the Turf, Mcurlborough, and Aimy 
and Navy Clubs, is the eldest son of John Henry, 
4th Earl of Eme, K.P., P.C., and of Florence, 
Countess of Eme. He was bom Sept. 30, 
1872, and was educated at Eton and the Royal 
Naval Col. Lord Crichton was Adjt. of 
the Royal Horse Guards, îDec. 1896 to Cet. 
1899 ; was A.D.C. to Major-G«n. Brocklehuist, 
C.B., commanding 2nd Natal Cavalry Brigade 
in the S. Africcui Wctr ; and was présent during 
the siège of Ladysmith, and was with Général 
Sir R. Buller during the opérations from Lady- 
smith to Lydenburg, May to Oct. 1900, being 
mentioned in despatches. He did excellent 
work during this w€ur ; obtained the D.S.O. , 
€uid was promoted capt. in Feb. 1900. He 
accompanied their Royal Highnesses the Duke 
and Duchess of Comwall and York during their 
Colonial tour in H.M.S. Ophir as A.D.C., 
and was appointed Equerry-in-Waiting to 
H.R.H. Prince of Wales m Nov. 1901. He 
married, June 10, 1903, Lady Mary Cavendish 
Grosvenor, eldest dau. of the Ist Duke of West- 
minster and Katherine, Duchess of Westminster. 

CURRIE, OswALD James, M.B., M.R.C.S. 
(Eng.), of 24, Longmarket Street, Maritzburg, 
and of the Victoria Club, Maritzburg, is son of 
Alexander Currie, of the firm of Roxburgh, 
Currie & Co., London. He was bom Meut. 13, 
1860, at Greenwich, and was educated at the 
University CoU. Sch. and Guy's Hosp., and 
graduated M.B. with Ist class honours at Lon- 
don Univ. Dr. Currie waa Sen. House Physicicui 
at Guy's Hospital, 1882 ; Sen. House-Surgeon, 
Huddersfield Hospital, 1883-5 ; Surgeon at 
the Yeatm€ui Hospital, Sherbome, and Med. 
Officer at Sherbome School, 1886-9 ; Surgeon 
under the P. and O.S.N. Co., 1889-91, and was 
Surgeon to the Natal Ccurabineers, 1894-1902, 
receiving the King's and Queen's Bœr War 
medals (five clasps). He was in mediccJ charge 
of the Natal First Field Hospital (Volunteers) 
during the siège of Ladysmith, and is at présent 
Capt. commanding the Artillery, Natal Royal 
Régiment ; Surgeon of Guy's Hospital, Maritz- 
burg, €uid Médical Officer of Hecdth, Maritzburg. 
Dr. Currie has written varions papers for médical 
joumals. His récréations are travelling and 
natural history. He married, 1896, Sara, dan. 
of Greo. Gubbins, of Limerick. 

DORMER, Francis J., of London, is one of 
the mcuay Anglo-Africans who hâve made journal- 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

ism a steppîng-stone to a prominent position 
in S. African financial circles. He was an 
early and strenuons assailant of Eriigerism, and 
is familiar with the varied conditions and diffi- 
cult questions a.ffecting S.A. and its chief 
industry. He is a Director of the Transvaal 
Estâtes and Development and some other Cos. 

DUNNING, Sir E. H., was one of the earliest 
miners on the Witwatersrand, working pro- 
perties on tribute, until he made a considérable 
fortune out of the flotation of the Rietfontein 
mine, whose shares went to a large premium, 
at which Sir Edwin Dunning was wise enough to 
sell out and retire. He owns large estâtes in 
Devonshire, where he interests himself in horse 
and cattle breeding. He was knighted on the 
King's birthday (1904). 

EGERTON, Maj.-Gen. Sm Charles Comyn, 
G.C.B., D.S.O., A.D.C. to the King, was born 
in 1848 ; entered the Army as second lieut. in 
June 1867, and obtained his step first in Oct. 
1869, and his captaincy in 1879. He took part 
in the Aighan War in 1879-80, accompanied 
Lord (then Sir F.) Roberts in his march to 
Kandahar, and was présent at the battle of 
Kandahar, for his services in which he was 
mentioned in despatches and received the medal 
with cletsp and the bronze star. He was gazetted 
Maj. on June 8, 1887, and served with the 
Hazara Expédition in 1888 as A. A. G. (despatches, 
medal with clasp). In 1891 he took part in the 
two Miranzai Expéditions under Sir William 
Lockhart as A.A.G., was severely wounded, 
and received the brevet of lieut.-col. and the 
D.S.O. His war services also include the Waziri 
campaign of 1894-5, when he commanded the 
Bannu colunm, and received the C.B. ; the 
Sudan opérations, 1896, when he conmianded 
the Suakin force ; the opérations in the Tochi 
Valley, when he commanded the brigade ; and 
the opérations against the Darwesh Kheyl 
Waziris in 1902, when he was in command of 
the troops. The order of K.C.B. was conferred 
on Gen. Egerton on Jan. 1, 1903, and he was 
invested with the insignia by the Duke of Con- 
naught at Delhi. Gen. Egerton superseded 
Gen. Manning in the command of the Somali- 
land Expeditionary Force in 1903, and inflicted 
severe punishment on the Dervishes at Jidballi 
on Jan. 10, 1904, and by April folio wing the 
opérations were considered practically at an 
end, the Mullah having practically disappeared. 

ELLIOTT, Abthub A., B.A. (Cape), M.A. 

(Oxford), is fourth son of Sir Charles E 
Gen. Manager of the Cape Railways, 
fills the office of Assistant-Registrar of 
University, in place of Mr. C. S. Edg 
recently appointed to the professorship 
in the Victoria CoUege, Stellenbosch. 

ELLIOTT, Sm Henry, of Durban, 
many years Chief Magistrate of Te: 
Transkei, and Pondoland, from whic 
cently retired through ill-health, an^ 
down in Natal. 

FERREIRA, Capt. Sm Corîtemus i 
K.C.M.G., was formerly Govemor-Ge 
Province of Mozambique, and was < 
K.C.M.G. on the King's birthday (190! 

FORBES, Major Patrick Wil 
Salisbury, Rhodesia, is son of the If 
Forbes, of Whitchurch, Oxon. He was 
Capt. in the 6th (Inniskilling) Dragc 
served in the opérations in Zululand 
He was the first officer to command 1 
onaland Volunteer Regt., and took p( 
Matabele War of 1893 in command of 
bury column, contributing a long a< 
the opérations to " The Downfall of Lo 
by W. A. Wills and L. T. Collingri 
married, Jan. 21, 1903, Béatrice, dau. 
Grey, Treasurer of the Foundling Hos 

FORD, Lewis Peter, of Burto] 
Gresford, N. Wales, was born Jan. 
He studied law under Advocate Br 
afterwards became Près, of the 
and was admitted to practise in 
1865, before degrees were necessary 
fication. He was Deputy-Sheriff of ] 
(C.C.) and Murraysburg from 1886 to 1 
the first Attomey-Gen. appointed und 
rule in the Transvaal in 1877 under 
philus Shepstone ; Légal Adviser in t 
vaal to the Impérial Govt., 187€ 
Chancelier of the Diocèse of Pretoriaj 
Since then Mr. Ford has resided in 
and has gradually liquidated his S 
interests, and taken up other enterpi 
is Chairman of the Limni Copper Mini 
and has devot-ed much time to the de 
of the SUicate-of Lime Stone, Ltd , 
Company he is also Chairman. He 
twice : first, in 1866, Miss E. Utting, 
former éditer of the " Cape Argu 
secondly. Miss E. Tanner, dau. of 
Siu^eyor in H.M. Office of Works. 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

FOWLE, Col. J., 21st Lancers, served in the 
Nile Expédition in 1884 with the Light Camel 
Régiment. He was in the Soudan with Lord 
Kitohener in 1898, and took part in the battle 
of Khartoum, and in that gallant but useless 
charge of the 21 st Lancers, which was said to 
hâve freshened up the réputation of a régiment 
with a rather poor record. 

GAUL, RiQHT Rev. WHiUAM Thomas, Lord 
Bishop of Mashonaland, D.D., of Bishop's 
Rooms, Salisbury, Mashonaland, was educated 
at Trinity Coll., Dublin, and went to S.A. 
in 1875 as Vicar of Bloemfontein, O.F.S. Subse- 
quently Rector of Ail Saints', Dutoitspan, and 
Rector of Kimberley ; he was consecrated Bishop 
of Mashonaland in 1895. 

GIFFORD, HoN. Maumce, C.M.G., is a 
younger brother of Lord Gifford (q.v.), «uid 
took part in the second Matabele War in 1896, 
starting with captain's rank. He waa shot in 
the shoulder at an engagement at Shiloh, which 
necessitated his arm being amputated on reach- 
ing Bulawayo. He is associated with several 
S. African Cos., and is married. 

GOLDRING, A. R., of Salisbury House, 
London Wall, E.C., was bom in London in the 
late fifties, and was little more than a youth 
when, in 1876, he left England for Cape Colony. 
On arriving at Kimberley he devoted himself 
to the mining industry. In 1882 he took to 
joumalism, and became associated with the 
old ** Daily Independent," then the leading 
organ of the diamond fields, and remained on 
that journal until 1889, when he went up to 
Johannesburg, where he cigain tumed his atten- 
tion to mining. Three years later he was ap- 
pointed Secy. of the Transvaal Chamber of 
of Mines, a position which he retained until very 
recently, when he was transferred to London as 
Secy. to the London Committee of the Chctmber. 

GORRINGE, Brev. Lieut.-Col. Geobge 
Frederick, R.E., C.M.G., D.S.O., was bom at 
Southwick, Sussex, Feb. 10, 1868 ; is second son 
of Hugh Gorringe, of Kingston-by-Sea, «uid was 
educated at Lee*s Sch., Brighton, and Welling- 
ton CoU., passing in to the Royal Engineers at 
Chatham in 1888. He transferred to the 
Egyptian Army in 1893, and became D.A.A.G., 
Headquarters Staff, two years later. He 
served in the Dongola Expédition in 1896, re- 
cei\Ting the D.S.O., and medal «uid clasps for 
Firkot and Hafir. In 1897 he was on the staff 

of the G.O.C., oommanding attheaotioDB of Abu 
Hamed and Atbars, gaining a brevet majority 
and olasps ** 1897/' Abu Hamed and Atbara. 
He was ageôn D.A.A.G. on the Headquartfira 
Staff of the Khartoum Expeditionary Force in 
1898 (clasp, fourth class Medjidieh» aiid British 
medàl), and later in that year advanœd with 
the Gedaref Relief Column (clasp). CoL Qor- 
ringe commanded Irregulars at the actions of 
Abu Adel €uid Om Debriket— dea^ of tfae 
IQialifa — (2 clasps, brev. Lieat.-OoL)» after 
which he was spec^ally employed in charge of 
the reconstruction of Khartoum (1899). 
During the S. African War (1900) he waa first 
of ail A.D.C. to Lord Kitohener, and D.A.A.O. 
on the Headquarters Staff, taking part in the 
relief of Kimberley, and the capture at Paarde- 
berg, and afterwards commanded a flyinff 
colunm in Cape Colony, Jan. to Oct.» 1901 
(despatches, Queen's medal and 5 daspe). Un- 

GRAHAM (James), Marquis of» D.L., of 
Buchanan Castle, Ihrymen, Glasgow, and of 
the Carlton (London) and the Western (Glasgow) 
Clubs, and of the Royal Institution of Naval 
Architecte and the Royal United Service Tuaf.!. 
tution, is the son of the 6th Duke of Montroee, 
K.T., A.D.C., Lord Clerk Registrar of Scotland, 
his mother being the second daxL of Sir Frederick 
Graham, Bart., of Netherby Hall, Comberland. 
He was bom May 1, 1878, cuid was educated 
at Eton Coll. The mcurquis take a great in- 
terest in eJl Lnperial and mcuritâme affaîrs ; 
served in the Merccuitile Marine, and poesesses 
a Board of Trade master's certificate. He saw 
service in S.A as Lient, attached to the Army 
Service Corps, and also with the Doriê Naval 
Brigade, and was Assis. Press Gensor at Ga^ 
Town (S. A medal, three bars). Eb visited Guie 
Town a second tîme on a wireless telegraphy 
Mission for the Corporation of Lloyds', Londcm, 
and ag£Ûn in Dec., 1902, to study qnestioni 
affecting the resettlement of the lano. Lord 
Graham assisted Lord Brassey in the navigation 
of the Suhbeam to Montréal in 1903, and ti ^ t 
travelled eJl over the world, visiting fonrteen 
countries, and eJl the British Colonies e xoepting 
Canada and New Zealand. He is fond of afi 
sports, particularly yachting, ûdiiDg and shoot- 
ing. He is unmarried. 

GREY, Col. Raueigh, of Salisbury, Rho- 
desia, was formerly in the 6th Luiiskillen Dr»- 
goons, from which he was seo(»ded for s e r vl ee 
with the B.B.P. He took part in the Raid as 

Anglo-âfrican Who's Who 

Maj. in command of the Mafeking oolumn 
whioh combined with Dr. Jameson's forces. 
He waa wounded in the foot» but gallantly 
insisted on carrying on his dutiee until the close 
of the action. As an Impérial officer, Ck>L Grey 
was handed over to the British Qoyt. for 
trialy and was sentenced to five months* im- 
prisonment for taking part in the Raid. 

M.P., is a great-grandson of a former Ck)m- 
mander-in-Chief of the Madras Presidency (who 
received a peerage) ; is a kinsman of Lord 
Harris (q.v.), and son of the late G. A. Harris. 
He was bom in 1856 ; was educated at Leather- 
he€ul Gram. Soh., matriculated at Edinburgh, 
and graduated at the Royal Col. of Surgeons. 
He proceeded to S.A. in 1882, and became 
associated with the late Cecil Rhodes, becoming 
his confidential agent, and also the first Seoy. 
in S.A. of the B.S.A. Go. He enteredthe Cape 
P£urli€unent as member for Kimberley, and be- 
C€une one of the whips of the Progressive party. 
He then came to England ; was associated 
with some few finance Cos., induding the 
Rcuid-Rhodesîa Exploration Co., cuid entered 
the arena of British politics in 1900 as Con- 
servative M.P. for the Monmouth Burghs, but 
he lost his seat on a technical point He sub- 
sequently entered Parliament as member for 
Dulwich, defeating Mr. C. F. G. Masterman by 
1,437 votes. Dr. Harris is a keen dog fancier, 
and is very popular in South WaJes, where he 
spends most of his time. 

Walteb Francis, G.C.M.G., B.A., of Govern- 
ment House, Cape Town, is son of the 4th Earl 
of Donouglimore, and was bom in the Irish 
capital, Aug. 22, 1849. Conmiencing his éduca- 
tion at Cheam Sch., he afterwards went to 
H€UTOw and Trinity Coll., Ccunb., where he 
graduated B.A. He is also a Barrister of the 
Inner Temple. At the âge of 25 he went to 
Fiji as attaché on Lord Rosmead*s (then Sir 
Hercules Robinson*s) staff, becoming Priv. Secy. 
for Fiji Affairs, and the following year Priv. 
Secy. for New South Wales ASairs, After act- 
ing in this capacity for a couple of years he went 
to Barbados as Colonial Secy., leaving the West 
Indies in 1883 to take up an appointment as 
Chief Secy. at MàltcL Li 1884 he became Lient. - 
Govemor of the island, remaining there until 
1889, when he was appointed Govemor of the 
Windward Islands. Sur Walter Hely-Hutchin- 
eon's connection with S.A. dates from 1893, 

when he represented the Crown in 
over responsible govemment to Natcd, 
Colony he was Gk>vemor from 1893-1 
public services being meanwhile recogi 
the Grand Cross of St. Michael and St. 
conferred upon him in 1897. Since 
W€Jter has been Govemor and C.I.C 
ce. He married, in 1881, a dau. o: 
Gen. Wm. Clive Justice, C.M.G. 

HERBERT, Sm Robebt, G.C.B., \ 
manent Under-Secy. of State for the 
from 1871 to 1892. He is a Directe 
Eastem and S. Afric€ui Telegraph 
member of the Council of the Union-Ccu 
Steamship Co., and Chairman of Mr. C 
laines Tcuriff Commission. 

HOOD, Samuel J., of Lagos, W. 
started his career in the Gov. sei 
British Honduras ; was transferred to * 
Coast as Superviser of Customs in 1 
Asst. Collector at Sierra Leone in 1901 ; 
Asst. Comptroller of Customs of the Qo. 
Colony later in 1901, and in 1904 was ap 
CoUector of Customs at Lagos. 

JOHNSON, Edward Odltjm, of Fi 
Sierra Leone, W. Africa, and of the Colo 
West Tndian Clubs, was bom at Moi 
West Indies, Sept, 8, 1867, and is yoi 
of the late Dr. Burdett Johnson, of Moi 
He educated at Harrison Coll., Barbac 
Epsom Coll., Eng., and entered the • 
Service as 2nd Clerk in the Montserrat 1 
Dept. in 1884 ; promoted Ist Clerk. 1£ 
Clerk, St. Kitts Treasury, 1891 ; Ist 1 
Offîcer, St.Kitt8, 1895; Acting-Treasurer, g 
Nevis, 1897 ; Asst. Treasurer, Sierra 
1897 ; and Colonial Treasur» for that 
Mar. 1899. Mr. Johnson is ez-offîcio '. 
of the Executive and Législative Counc 
Member of the Education Board. He i 
Mch. 31, 1902, Ida Mabel, dau. of late 
S. Johnston, of MeJo les Bains, France 

LAMBTON, Reab-Admirai., C.B., 
the Royal Navy in 1870, and took part 
bombardment of Alexandria and the E 
War of 1882, receiving the medal and twc 
In the early days of the late S. Africa 
Capt. Lambton (as his rank then was) 
naved brigade of 280 men from the x 
at Durban, and proceeded to Ladysmitli 
he arrived on Oct. 30, 1899, with two 11 
four long naval 12-pounders, and t 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

pounders, the popular conviction beîng that the 
timely arrivai of thèse guns and the fine marks- 
manship displayed by his men saved Ladysmith 
from falling into the hcuids of the Boer forces. 
Admirai Lambton arrived back in England in 
May, 1900, and since 1901 has commanded the 
King's ycKsht. 

LAWLEY, Capt.Hon. Sm Abthub, K.C.M.G. , 
of Pretoria, TransvaeJ ; Lieut.-Govemor of 
the Transvaid Colony, was bom in 1860, €uid 
was at one time in the lOth Huss€u*s, and after- 
wards Priv. Secy. to the Duke of Westminster. 
From 1898 to 1901 he was Administrator of 
Matabeleland, cuid during his administration 
he eamed golden opinions by the happy tact 
which he exercised between the Chajrtered Co. 
on the one part and the settlers on the other. 
The difficult questions of land tenure, native 
labour and other matters which were the subject 
of local agitation owed much to the attention 
which he gave to them, and to the care with 
which he endeavoured to reconcile conflicting 
différences of interest. In 1901-2 Sir Arthur 
Lawley acted as Govemor of Western Australia, 
and he was then appointed Lieut.-Govemor 
of the Transvaal, where he arrived in Aug., 
1902. He married,. in 1885, a dau. of Sir Ed. 
Cunard, Bart. 

LEWIS, Baenet, of Threadneedle House, 
Bishopsgate Street Within, London, was bom 
at Neustadt, and is a younger brother of Mr. 
Isaac Lewis (q.v.), and a partner in the firm of 
Lewis & Marks, whose market interests it is 
his especial rôle to supervise. He is also a 
Director of the African and European Agency, 
East Rand Mining Estâtes, the Transvaal Farms 
and Finance Co., the Grootvlei Prospecting 
Synd., and the Vereeniging Estâtes, Ltd. He 
haâ an artistic tempérament, and a fine collec- 
tion of pictures. 

LEWIS, Isaac, of Befbury Park, Kent, and 
of Threadneedle House, Bishopsgate Street 
Within, E.C.* was bom in Neustadt in 1849, 
and went to S.A. in 1870, being one of 
the first to exploit the Kimberley diamond 
fields. He is head of the firm of Lewis & Marks 
(of London and Pretoria), which also includes 
in the partnership Samuel Marks and Bamet 
Lewis, brother of the subject of this sketch. 
In 1881 the firm began to acquire interests in 
the Transvaal, exploiting the minerai, indus- 
trial, and agricultural resources of that country, 
to the great material advantage of his firm 

and the shareholders whose interests thèy pro- 
tect. Mr. Lewis himself is Chairman in 
Johannesburg of the Vereeniging Estâtes, and 
is on the Boards of the East Rand Mmiwg 
Estâtes, Grootvlei Prospecting Synd., Johan- 
nesburg Consolidated Investment Co., Johan- 
nesburg Waterworks, South Rand Exploration» 
Sheba G.M., Swazilcuid Corporation, Trans- 
vaal Estâtes and Development, Transvaal 
Farms and Finance Cos. He is also on the 
London Committees of the Great Eastem Col- 
lieries, Sohuller Diamond Mines, and the Trans- 
v£ial Consolidated Coal Mines. Mr. Lewis likes 
to stand aloof from politios, but he and Mr. 
Mcurks hâve cdwasrs stood well with Mr. Exiigert 
who had a genuine pctrtiality for them. 

LOIR, Db. A., of the Pasteur Institute, Paris, 
is a nephew of the late M. Pasteur, and in 1&02 
established a laboratory at Bulawayo for the 
treatment of hydrophobia. 

LYNCH, '* Colonel " Abthub Alfbed, is 
of Irish descent, and was bom in Austràlia. 
After the S. African War broke eut he 
swore allegiance to the S.A.R., and bec€une 
a burgher of that State. pBEe was appointed 
to the command of the Irish Brigade, fight- 
ing on the Boer side. He was eleoted M.P. 
for Galway in Jan. 1900. He subsequently 
took up his résidence in Paris, describing him- 
self as a joumalist. In connection with CoL 
Lynch's fighting in the Boer ranks, he came 
over to England voluntarily to answer to the 
charge of high treason, for which crime he was 
sentenced to death by Mr. Justice Wills on Jan. 
23, 1903. The sentence was inmiediately com- 
muted to pénal servitude for life, but he was 
released aiter twelve months* impçisonment 
in Lewes Geiol. He is maj^ried. 

MARAIS, Peteus Johannes, was bom in 
the Cs^e Colony, and accumulated a considér- 
able fortune by judicious investments in house 
property in Pretoria. He was the victim of a 
vitriol outrage in Mar. 1904, by his daughter- 
in-law, Mrs. Bellfield Marais, and her young 
daughter, aged fiiteen, by which Mr. MRi^iiy 
lost the sight of an eye. He is familiarly known 
as '* Long Piet,** on a.ccount of his six feet five 
inches of stature. 

MOUNTMORRES, Viscount, was nominated 
by the '* Globe** newspaper in 1904 to prooeed 
to the Congé Free State to make a thorongihly 
independent inquiry into the all^ged mal-ad- 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

ministration of the country. He will also eict 
as correspondent of the ** Globe." 

MOFFAT, Db. Bobebt M., C.M.G., has been 
connected with East Airica and Uganda sinoe 
1891, and cKscompanied the late Sir Gerald 
Portails mission to Uganda in 1893. He sub- 
sequently entered the Médical Dept. in Ugcuida, 
and is now P.M.O. of the E. Airica and 
Uganda Protectorates. 

MOSELY, SiB Altbed, is a native of Bristol, 
and spent several years on the Kimberley dia- 
mond fièlds, where he amassed a considérable 
fortune. He received the C.M.G. for services 
in connection with the S.A. War, ctnd was after- 
wards knighted in considération of his patriotic 
endeavours to educate the British trader and 
workmem, to which end he sent out a commis- 
sion on an extensive tour to study Americcm 
methods entirely at his own expense. He is 
strong advocate of free labour, and trade union- 
ism if properly directed, but opposes boycott and 
the restriction of output. 

PRICE, RoBEBT John, M.P., has sat in 
Parlicument since 1892, and is Libéral member 
for the East Norfolk Division. He is a barrister- 
at-law, a doctor (M.R.C.S.), and takes an active 
interest in many Rhodesian cuid Egyptian enter- 

REITZ, F. W. was formerly Près, of the 
O.F.S., but succeeded Dr. Leyds (q.v.) as State 
Attomeyof the S.A.R. He was regarded in the 
Transvaal as having progressive tendencies, but 
was not sufficiently strong to influence the Prési- 
dent. After the S. Africeui War Mr. Reitz joined 
the irreconcilables, and undertook a lecturing 
tour through America to raise funds for the 
Boers. He denounced the British conduct of 
the war, and accused Mr. Cheonberlain of bad 
faithin his interprétations of the peace terms, 
and his denunciations of England were so violent 
as to cedl f orth remonstremces in the Ck)ntinental 
pro-Boer Press. 

RODGER, John Pioebbsqill, C.M.G., 
Govemor and Ck)mmander-in-Chief of the Gkild 
Coast Colony, was previously for over twenty 
years in the Malay Native States, and served 
successively as British Résident of Sengalor, 
Pahang, and Pereik. He received his présent 
appoûitment in Oct. 1903. 

SALMON, Chables ; one of the early " deep 

level kings," went up to the Witwa 
in the early days, where he engaged in 
as a t£dlor. He, however, distinguisl 
self by his belief in the deep leveË loi] 
their value was understood even by th< 
mining magnâtes of the day. Holdj 
his claims with a tenacity which nei 
ridicule of experts nor the depressioi 
times affected, their inmiense worth we 
appreciated, and Mr. Salmon reaUzed 
fortune, which he now enjoys in retireo 

SEYMOUR, LoBD Hbnby, of Ragl 
near Alcester, is second son of the Ma 
Hertford, and served for 3} years in 1 
duding the S. Africeui War. 

SOPER, William Gabland, J.P 
of Caterham, Surrey, cuid of 54, St. Mi 
London, E.C., was educated at St. 
Comwall, €uid Cheshunt Coll., afterwe 
duating B.A. with a first class at tl 
of London. In 1859 he becctme a part 
his father-in-law, Mr. Davis, a S. Afri< 
chant. In 1865 Mr. Soper beceone sole 
of the firm, whose interests he cont: 
direct for nearly a quarter of a centu] 
his son joined him in partnership, but 
of Davis & Soper is still retained. Mr. 
Soper has been associated with som 
enterprises of considérable importance, 
Icurly the introduction of tramways ii 
the city of Cape Town, and the Green I 
being the work of his firm, who are 
agents of the Cape Town municipality 
Garland Soper is Chairman of the 
Board of the Johannesburg Waterworkfi 
£uid Exploration Co., and a London 
of the Johannesburg Estate Co. H 
alderman of the Surrey County Com 
is J.P. for Surrey €uid also for the c< 
London. He is the oldeet member 
Fruiterers'Co.,and was for over eighte 
Chairman of the Caterham School Boai 
is a Liberal-Uniomst in politics, but i 
frequently asked to stand for Parlicunez 
inv£kriably refused. 

STEWART, SiB Donald William, B 
of Government House, Mombasa, was 
1860 ; is son of the late Field-Marshal Si 
Stewart, Bart., Govemor of Chelsea ] 
and younger brother of the présent b 
Donald was formerly capt. in the 2nd 
the Gordon Highlcuiders, and fought 
Afghan War, receiving the star for tb 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

to Kandahar. He took part in the first Boer 
War ; was A.D.C. to his father when he was 
Gonunander-in-Chief in India, and served in 
the Egyptian Campaign in 1885 (medal, olasp, 
and star). He was politioal officer with the 
Ashcmti Expédition in 1895-6 ; served with the 
Qold Coast Police ; became British Résident at 
Kumasi ; and in 1904 succeeded Sir Chas. Eliot 
as Commissioner and Commander-in-Chief in 
the E. African Protectorate. 

STRANGE, Harold, of Johannesburg, is the 
chief Transvaal représentative of the firm of 
Bamato Bros, and their Cos. He is Chair- 
meui of the TransvcuJ Chamber of Mines, and 
sits on the Bocurds of numerous S. African 
mining and fînancial Cos. 

THOMSON, William, M.A., Registrar of the 
Univ. of the Cape of Good Hope, was 
appointed a Member of the Civil Service Com- 
mission of the Cape Colony in 1902. 

VILJOEN, Gen. Ben. J., is of French 
Huguenot extraction, and w£is bom in 1860. 
He served through the early part of the 
S. African War, and was présent at Elandslaagte, 
where two-thirds of the Boers were killed, 
wounded, or captured, he himself narrowly 
esoaping. He also took part in the opérations 
against Ladysmith, and was présent at Spion 
Kop. He was captured eventusJly, and sent 
to St. Helena. Ex-Gen. Viljoen is a génial 
character, a loysJ friend, and a frank opponent. 
He was careful not to associate himself with the 
tour undertaken by the three Boer gênerais on 
the Continent after the termination of the war, 
but he came to England and lectured at Queen's 
Hall, cmd afterwards in the States. His book, 
" My Réminiscences of the Anglo-Boer War," 
is fuU of good roading, and throws a strong and 
unprejudiced light upon the stirring events of 
the war period. In 1904 he took part in the 
St. Louis Exhibition, in connection with a dis- 
play reminiscent of épisodes in the S. African 

VINCENT, Sir Edgar, M.P., of Esher Place, 
Esher, wcts origineJly in the Coldstrecun Guards, 
and ekfterweurds went to Turkey to assist in the 
roorganization of the Ottoman Public Debt. 
He subsequently became FinancieJ Adviser to 
tho Egyptian Govt., and for seventeen years he 
workeS hard with Lord Cromer (q.v.) to put 
tlio financial affeùrs of Egypt on a sound basis. 

WATHERSTON, Major A. E. G., formerly 
of the Survey Dept. of the Gold Coast Colony, 
where he was Chief Boundary Commissioner» 
was transferred to Egypt in 1904 for duty in the 
Survey Dept. there. 

WERNHER, JuLius, of Bath House, Pioca- 
dilly, London, was bom in Darmstadt in 1850. 
Proceeding to S. A. he spent ten years in 
Kimberley, and became chief partner of the 
great mining and financial firm of Wemher, 
Beit & Co. Mr. Wemher is in appearemce and 
tempérament the very antithesis of his partner, 
Mr. Alfred Beit (q.v.). He is physically strong 
£Uid exceptionally tall, refiecting in his repose- 
fui look an apparent freedom from '* nerves '* 
and worries which few men with huge responsi- 
bilities enjoy, though he haa rather felt the 
strcdn of the last few years. He is extremely 
level-hecbded, and is said to be the best judge of 
diamonds in London. He takes no active in- 
terest in politics, and may be shortly described 
as a plain merchant prince, sound in views, 
libercbl in charities, and a popular host. 

WESTMINSTER, Dxjke op, acted as A.D.C. 
to Lord Milner (then Sir Alfred) at the âge of 
twenty, taking part in the Bloemfontein Con- 
férence. He subsequently joined Lord Roberts' 
staff, and hoisted the British fiag at Pretoria. 
The greater part of Belgravia is built upon the 
Duke' s Icmd, and about the yecur 1935, when 
many leases terminate, he wÛl be one of the 
richest men in the country. He married in 
1900 Miss Comwallis West — the resuit of a boy 
and girl betrothal. 

WILLOUGHBY, Sm John C, Bart., entered 
the Royal Horse Guards in 1890. He served 
through the first Matabele War as Military 
Adviser to the Administrator, and was seoonded 
for service in the B.B.P. in May, 1895. He 
took command, with rank of Lient. -CoL, of Dr. 
Jameson's forces at the time of the Raid, for 
his connection with which he was sentenced to 
ten months' imprisonment, and ckllowed to re- 
tire from the Army. For several years he has 
been connected with the Partridge & Jarvis 
group of Rhodesian Cos., of many of whi<sh 
he is a Director. 

YOUNG, James, of Krugersdorp, Transvaal ; 
formerly Acting Asst. R.M. at Johanneeburg» 
was appointed Asst. R.M. for the Witwaters- 
rand District at Krugersdorp in 1904. 



ABADIE, Captain Gboboe Howabd Fan- 
SHAWS, CM. G. (1902), fonnerly member of 
the Army and Navy and Bath Clubs, was second 
son of Major-Gen. H. R. Abadie, C.B., Lieut.- 
Govemor of Jersey, and was bom in Aug. 
1873. He entered the 16th Lancers aa a Second 
Lient, in Meur. 1893, but resigned his com- 
mission in July 1897. Subsequently he ob- 
teûned a commission in the Africeui Frontier 
Force (Nov. 1897), serving duiing the opéra- 
tions in Northern Nigeria from 1899-1902, 
and being several times mentioned in despatches. 
He became Capt. in June 1902, being specieklly 
promoted into the Manchester Begt. for his ser- 
vices in W. Africa. In 1901 he beceune second- 
class Résident at Zana, in Northern Nigeria, an 
appointment which he held at the time of his 
death, from malignant fever, at Rano, on 
Feb. 11, 1904. 

AMYATT-BURNEY, Liexjt. Cyril Amyatt 
WiSB ; only son of the Rev. E. A. Amyatt-Bumey, 
of Babcary Rectory, Somerton was bom in 1878 ; 
was educated at the Acad,, Gosport, and served 
with the I.Y. in the late S.A. War, and later 
was attached to the S.A.C. He was invalided 
home ckfter two attacks of dysentery, and in 
the latter part of 1903 was appointed District 
Supt. of Police for the Bassa Province. He 
was killed while on active service in Northern 
Nigeria in 1904. 

BARTER, Chables, late of The Finish, 
Pietermaritzburg, Natal, where he died on 
June 7, 1904, was the eldest son of the Rev. 
Cheurles Bsirter, of Sarsden, Ozon, was edu- 
cated at Westminster, and was a Fellow of 
New Coll., Oxford. He first went to the Garden 
Colony on a fiying visit in 1850. Two years 
later, however, he settled there permanently. 
In 1865 he beceune a member of the Natal 
Législative Council, and for years sturdily sup- 
ported the movemant for reeponsible govem- 

ment in the face of considérable opposition 
In 1873 he reoeived the conmiand of the Natal 
Carbineers, and with over a hundred mer 
accompemied Sir Theophilus Shepstone on hi£ 
coronation visit to the Zulu chief, Cetywayo. 
Mr. Barter edited the ** Natal Times** foi 
some years, and afterwards became Magistrate 
at Inanda and at Pietermaritzburg (1880). 
He was an ezperienoed farmer, a thorough 
sportsman, and died at the ripe âge of 83. 

BOTHA, Commandant Christian, who died 
at Kokstad, S.A., Oct. 28, 1902, was a 
younger brother of Gen. Louis Botha, and it 
was he who during the late S.A. War met Gen. 
BuUer, aiter the TransvcuJ forces had been 
driven from Natal, with a view to negotiations 
for surrender. 


BOWDEN-SMITH, Lieut. Charles Henrt, 
late of the Hampshire Regt., entered the Army 
Feb. 20, 1897, and received his first step Mar. 
8, 1899. He served in the Somali Field Force 
in 1903-4, and was killed in action against the 
dervishes in Jan. 1904. 

COHEN, Harrt Freeman, late of Johannes- 
burg, formerly lived at Newcastle-on-Tyne, 
and afterwards at Cardiff, where he was in- 
terested in the coàl and shipping business, and 
in 1888 went to S.A., proceeding in the 
early days to Johannesburg where he became 
Chairman and Managing Director of Freeman 
Cohen* s Consolidated, Chairman in Johannes- 
burg of the Bantjes Deep, Geldenhuis Main 
Reef, Potchefstroom Exploration, Rand Col- 
lieries, and South Villcbge Deep Cos., and a 
Director of the Anglian Mining and Finance, 
Durban Roodepoort Deep, Langlaagte Block 
B. Deep, Roodepoort Central Deep, South 
Randfontein Deep, and the Treasury Gold 
Mines. Mr. Cohen' s Co., the Freeman Cohen'B 
Consolidated, guaranteed a quarter of a miUioii 



Anglo-African Who's Who • 

of the Transvaal Contribution Loan. He had 
an immense faith in the deep levels, and was 
one of the first to acquire large blocks of thèse. 
Although not mixing in politics he foundedthe 
^' Rand Daily Mail," but soon abandoned 
joumalism. He died on Jan. 24, 1904, at the 
âge of 49, leaving a widow and four children. 

COILLARD, M., the oldest missionary in 
Khodesia, has died during the yecur. The 
news of his death there was received with 
regret — ^not only by those who had the privilège 
of his acquaintance, but also by those who 
knew him by the good deeds he wrought and 
the kindly sympathy he showed to the wanderer 
irrespective of creed. In M. Alfred Bertrand* s 
work, " The Kingdom of the Barotsi," the 
author points out that he adopted therein the 
rules proposed by M. Coillfiurd " a high 
authority on the matter '* — conceming the ortho- 
graphy of the names of the varions territories and 
tribiss found in the kingdom of ba-Rotsi. He 
also speaks of his arrivai at the missionary 
station of Sefula, which is built on the summit 
of a hillock. " It was founded by M. Coillfiurd 
in 1886, and hère is the tomb of Madame Coil- 
lard, the faithful and intrepid companion of 
this heroic missionary.'* M. Coillard, he adds, 
exerted a great influence over Lewanika, the 
Barotsi chief, and was mainly instrumental in 
putting down the '* terrible ordeal by boiling 
water'* which those had to undergo who were 
accused of casting evil spells over their fellows. 

DEGACHER, Major-Gen. Henry James, 
C.B., was bom in 1835, and entered the Army 
at the âge of 20. He served in the Kafir War 
of 1877-78, and took part in the opérations 
against the Galekas and in the attack on the 
Taba ka Udoda, being twice mentioned in 
despatches. He also served in the ZuluWar of 
1879, and received the C.B. for his services. 
He beoame Col. of the South Wales Borderers 
in 1900, and was appointed Major-Gen. in 1901. 
He died on Nov. 26, 1902. 

DE JONG, Frank, who died recently at 
Teneriffe, was a son of Edward de Jong, of 
Manchester, who is still one of the world*s 
greatest flautists. The late Mr. Frank de Jong 
W£is in his 42nd yeai, and although he had 
only been associated with S.A. for a dozen 
years or so, he had eamed a world-wide réputa- 
tion as a theatrical manager and lessee who 
was responsible for some of the best companies 

that ever visited S.A. He had been for many 
years lessee of the Opéra House, Cape Town. 

DOOMS, Auguste, first non-commissioned 
officer of the Force Publique and chief of the 
Bongo (Upper Congo) Station, died at M*Balé 
under tragic circumstances. On May 2, 1904» 
Mr. Dooms left M'Balé, whither he had gone 
on a mission, in order to regain his post at 
Bongo, in a canoë on the river Olongo-Lulé. 
On the way he was attaxsked by a tomado, which 
forced him to take refuge on the bank, and 
when he went on again it was alreculy late. 
Night began to fall as he approached the mouth 
of the river Olongo-Lulé. He saw some hippo- 
potami and gave chase to them. He killed 
one, but a second hippo grew enraged, rushed 
at the canoë, overtumed it, and smashed it to 
pièces. Everyone in the canoë was saved with 
the exception of Mr. Dooms, who did not corne 
to the surface again, and was drowned in spite 
of the efforts of the others, who were ail good 
swinmiers and divers. 

DÔRFFEL, D., late of Johannesburg, where 
he died in May 1904, was bom in Saxony in 
1867, and devoted the whole of his too Àort 
caxeer to scientific and technical pursuits. He 
went to S.A. in 1895, and joined the staff of 
Henderson's Transvaal Estâtes, with which 
Company he remained up to his death. He 
occupied a prominent position amongst local 
scientists, and was on the Council of the Geolo- 
gical Society. 

DUCHESNE-FOURNET, Charles, son of 
the Senator of the Ccdvados, died Jan., 1904, in 
Abyssinia at the âge of 29. He was Knight of 
the Légion of Honour, and at the eeurly âge 
of twenty-seven had made several scientifio 
expéditions into Abyssinia, where he had ren- 
dered signal services in the construction of the 
Harrar railroad. 

GILL, Professor James, who died in the 
Cape Colony in 1904, aged 71, was educated at 
Christ's Hospital and at Pembroke ColL, Cam- 
bridge. For many years he was engaged in 
educational work, and taught on the classioal 
side of the Graaff Reinet, Diocesan, and South 
African Colis. He retired into private life 
severcbl years ago, acquiring a large pièce of 
land on the mountcûn side at Muizenberg, in 
the £iffairs of which he always took a keen intor- 
est, whilst any movement having for its aim tho 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

advance of éducation invariably found in him 
a staunch supporter. 

GORDON, Frederick, was the well-known 
Chairman of the Gordon Hotels, Limited, and 
Director of other important Cos. Mr. 
Frederick Gordon* s death removed a notable 
man from commercial and financial circles, 
The enterprise with which his name is most 
natiirally identified is the huge combine known 
as the Gordon Hotels, of which he was Chairman. 
Closely allied, although the undertakings are 
distinct, is the Frederick Hotels, Ltd., from 
the equipment of which the fîrm of Maple & 
Co., Ltd., heis drawn so much business. Mr. 
Grordon, besides being a Director of Maple' s, 
was a great personal friend and financial asso- 
ciate of the late Sir John Blundell Maple, and 
together they represented the original monetary 
strength behind the group of West African 
mining Cos. of which the Ashanti Gold- 
fields Corporation is the chief. Holbom & 
Frascati, Ltd., of which Mr. Gordon was Chair- 
man, was a promotion of his, quite apart from 
his other hôtel interests. He was on the boeurd 
of such important industrial Cos. as Bovril, 
Ltd., A. & F. Pears, Ltd., and Apollinaris & 
Johannis, Ltd. Recently he became a Director 
of the big English steel combine of Guest, Keen 
& Nettlefolds, Ltd. 

GOUGH, Col. Bloomiteld, late of the 9th 
Lancers, who was killed in a carnage CMîcident 
in July, 1904, had a notable mihtary career. 
He fought in the Afghan War of 1878-80, 
taking part in Lord Robert»' famous march to 
Kandahar, and in the first part of the last 
S.A. Weur, in which the incident occurred 
which resulted in his retirement from the 
service. During Lord Methuen's advance, just 
before the action at Grctspan, he refused to go 
forward on the grounds that his men and horses 
were too exhausted for further duty. As a 
resuit of his protest he was recalled to England, 
was refused a court-martial, although his per- 
sonal courage was never disputed, and his re- 
tirement foUowed. 

HAMILTON, Francis Joseph Carroix, 
took up a commission in the Cape Colonial 
Forces in 1874. He served as a Capt. in the 
Gaika-Galeka War, and was the chief colonial 
Staff Offîcer sent to King Williamstown to meet 
Gen. Clark, at the commencement of the Basuto 
War, through which he served in command of a 
troop of Lonsdale's Horse, receiving a medal euid 

clasp. While in King WiUiamstown he 
largely instrumental in re-forming the 
vétérans into what are now the KafiEr 
Rifles. He died at Maritzburg in 1902, ai 
long and painful iUness, at the âge of 70. 

HARPER, Capt, E. Moore, served in 
Ashanti Expédition of 1873-74, and in the f 
Expédition. He also took pcurt in the Ba 
Zulu, and Boer campaigns. While empl 
in the Congo Free State from 1883 to ISSi 
received the Orders of the Congo Star an( 
Leopold. He entered the service of the I 
Company in 1886, organized the civil p( 
and axsted for a time as chief magistrate. 
consequently held several Consuleur positioi 
W. Africa, and died at Plymouth, Sept 

HARRISON, Major Esmé Stuart Ersk 
D.S.O., son of the late Gen. Broe^ey Harr 
of Kynaston, Ross, Herefordshire, was boi 
Sept. 1864, and entered the Army as a L 
in the llth Hussars in 1885. He served ir 
last Boer War, being twice mentioned in 
patches by Sir Redvers Buller, and rece 
the D.S.O. for his services. He died sudd 
during a polo game at Cairo on Nov. 1, 190i 

KRÛGER, Stephanits Johannbs Pau 
ex-Pres. of the S.A. Republic, a summar 
whose career appears on pp. 96-100, had 1 
in bad health for severcd months, whec 
July 14, 1904, he expired at his villa at Cleu 
Switzorland, death being due to senile de 
hastened by an attack of pneumonia^ 
three months the ex-Pres. had been only ] 
alive by continuons massage. But at lasi 
felt the end coming. Five days before 
death, he took to his bed and Bible, and 
rounded by relatives and friends he bade t 
ail farewell, a Dutch pastor administe 
the sacrament. Two days later he breal 
his last. He had previously made a pit< 
but ineffectuai appeal to the British G 
to be allowed to end his days in the Trans'v 
But his désire to be buried in Pretoria by 
side of his wife met with a ready acquiesce 
from the Govt. It is curions that the Bri 
Minister through whom his last appeal 
made was Sir W. Conyngham Greene (q, 
who received from Mr. Kriiger, under 
différent circumstcmces, the ultimatum of 
Trcmsvacd Govt. before the great Boer V 

LAURENT, the well-known savant 


Anglo-African Who*s Who 

botanist, died at sea on board the Albert- 
ville from malaria. When the news of the 
death became known the passengers were filled 
with consternation. Mr. Fuchs, the Vice- 
Govemor of the Congo, and M. Sparrow, the 
capt. of the Albertville, established the fact 
of the death and transacted the légal formalities. 

LISTER, Capt. Hon. T., D.S.O., late of the 
lOth Hussars, was the heir of Lord Ribblesdale, 
and entered the Army in 1879, and served in 
the S.A. War, taking part in the relief of Kim- 
berley and actions on the march to Bloemfon- 
tein, receiving the D.S.O., and the Queen's 
medal with six clasps. In 1903-4 Capt. Lister 
served under Gen. Egerton in the Somali Field 
Force as spécial service officer, and was killed 
at Jidballi in Jan., 1904, in his 26th yeax. 

LOVEJOY, Capt., who was one of the 
youngest captains in command of the Congo 
steamers, died from fever early last May. He 
was 28 years of âge, and his death was greatly 
regretted in the Belgian Colonial service. 

LUCAS, William Tyndall, who died at 
Albany, C.C., in 1902, aged 70, was the son of an 
Englishsettlerof 1820. At theageof seventeen 
the deceased gentleman fought with the 
Grahamstown Volunteers in the Kafîr War of 
1848, and in the campaign of 1856-58 he 
served as an officer in Sir Walter Currie's police, 
being severely wounded. He married a dau. 
of Gen. Bissett. 

O'RIORDAN, Capt. Daniel Patrick O'Con- 
NEiiii, of the Antrim ArtiUery, who was killed 
in 1904 in the opérations against the Aga- 
popo tribes at Lakoja, in Northern Nigeria, was 
in his 35th year, and was the eldest son of 
Daniel O'ConneU O'Riordan, an eminent Q.C. 
of the Irish Bar. The deceased officer was a 
Gold Medallist of Trinity Coll., Dublin, and 
had served for five years in Southern Nigeria 
under Sir Ralph Moore beforo being transferred 
in Oct. 1903, to perform fduties under Sir 
Frederick Lugard which hâve brought such a 
tragic close to a promising career. 

PAULING, Habold, Assoc. M. Inst, CE., 
late of Rondebosch, C.C, died last June 
from peritonitis. The deceased gentleman 
was a son of Mr. Henry Pauling, late chief 
engineer of the Cape Govt. Railways, and a 
cousin of Mr. Geo. Pauling, of Victoria Street, S. W. 
He was bom at the Cape some thirty-nine yeeurs 

ago ; conmienced his professional career as a 
Govt. civil engineer, and then devoted his 
abilities to railway construction and contract- 
ing. He weis practically the principal of Pauling 
& Co. in S.A., and under his direction some 
2,000 miles of railway hâve been constructed 
in Cape Colony and Rhodesia. Mr. Pauling 
W81S to hâve left Cape Town for the north for 
the purpose of formally handing over the 
Une to the Rhodesian Railway Co. Few 
men had more friends, or hâve been more 
generally respected. 

PEACH, Major Edmund (Indian Staff 
Corps) ; served with the Burmese Expédition 
from 1885 to 1887, and weis wounded in the 
course of the opérations. In 1897-8 he took 
part in the Tirah Expédition. He was selected 
for spécial service with the Rhodesicm Field 
Force in Meurch, 1900, and took part in the 
opérations in Rhodesia in May, and in the 
Western Transvaal from July to Nov., including 
the actions at Eland's River in Aug. He also 
served in the O.R.C.,and the northem partof 
Cape Colony. He was mentioned in despatches 
and obtained brevet of Major dated Nov. 29, 1900, 
receiving the medal with three clasps. In Feb.» 
1902, he resumed the position of Deputy-Asst. 
Quartermaster-Grcn. at the Headquarters of the 
Army in India. Maj. Peach was a quaJified 
interpréter in Russian, and was also acquainted 
with French, Hindustani, and Persian. He 
wrote the history of the Burmah War for the 
" Encyclopaedia Britannica," and published a 
workon** Tactics: Savage Warfare." He died 
in London, Dec. 17, 1902, at the âge of 37. 

PRINSLOO, Gen., was a native of the 
O.F.S., and his name will live in S.A. history 
as the only Boer General besides Cronje who 
surrendered with a large force to the British. 
With Comdt. Olivier he had about 6,500 mounted 
men and eight guns, and in July 1901 waa 
in the neighbourhood of BethlehenL Gen. 
Hunter had charge of the opérations agcùnst 
this force, and with the aid of columns under 
Grens. Rundle, Cléments, Paget, MacDonald, 
and Bruce Hamilton, he nursed the Boers 
to the south of Bethlehem, and eventuaHy 
rounded them up in the Brandwater Basin, 
where Gen. Prinsloo surrendered on July 30 
unconditionally, but Olivier declined to be 
bound by the action of his superior, and broke 
away with 1,500 men and five guns. Thare 
had been considérable friction in the Boer 
camp, and in Gen. De Wet's book, " Three 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

Years' War," a strong atta^k is made upon 
Prinsloo, whose right to coininand the force was 
<lisputed» because of irregularities in his élection 
in the field, and whose surrender was attributed 
to treaohery. Gen. Prinsloo was the most 
important of the " hands-uppers.*' and his 
«onduct in making the surrender — ^though 
the circumstanoes were, in a military sensé, such 
as afforded him no reasonable alternative — 
drew down upon him the detestation of the 
•extrême section of his countrymen. 

RHODES, RiOHT HoN. Ceoil John, P.C., 
late of Qroot Schuur, neeur Capt Town, came 
from a stock which records some two hundred 
years old state to hâve belonged to the yeoman 
class. The flrst of Mr. Rhodes' ancestors who 
•can be traced with any oertainty was a man 
of some substance flourishing at the beginning 
of the eighteenth century. He acquired an 
estate in Bloomsbury, where he had considér- 
able flocks. By the time the late Cecil Rhodes' 
grandfather appeared on the scène the family 
had already attained to a prosperous position. 
Samuel Rhodes, great-grandf ather of the great 
Englishman whose death has left so serions 
a void, founded two county fcunilies in the 
persons of his sons Thomas and William. 
William Rhodes was succeeded in his estate by 
his son, the Rev. Francis William Rhodes, 
Vicar of Bishop's Stortford, Herts, and Cecil 
John Rhodes weis bom at the Vicarage on 
July 6, 1853, within a couple of years of the 
time when the Treuisvaal State was accorded 
its full independence under the Sand River 
Convention, cmd a few months after the British 
Govt. decided to abandon the sovereignty of 
the O.F.S. For eight years he attended the 
Bishop's Stortford Grammar School, pursuing 
his studies with that diligence and dogged déter- 
mination which was one of his most striking 
characteristics, and, in spite of some physical 
weakness, taking part in fîeld sports. He left 
school at theendof 1869, and shortly afterwards 
developed a serions lung affection, which was 
responsible for Mr. Rhodes taking a longseatrip 
to S.A. On Sept. 1, 1870, three years after the 
discoveryof the first diamond, which led to the 
opening up of the Diamond Fields, in the subsé- 
quent exploitation of which he waa destined to 
play such an important part, he landed at Durban, 
Natal, and joined his eldest brother Herbert, 
who was a cotton-planter in the southem part 
of the Colony. Here,thank8 to the favourable 
elimatic influences, before many months had 
passed he was restored to health and vigour. 

Having tired of the proscdc life of cotte 
planting, the elder brother in 1871 went 
the Diamond Fields, where he engaged 
the more exciting occupation of diamon 
digging, and a few months later Cecil Rhod 
joumeyed to Kimberley for the purposeof see 
ing his fortune in the same industry. Tl 
brothers worked a claim between them for 
time, when, in 1874, Herbert left the Diamon 
Fields on a himiting and exploring expeditio 
in the interior, in the course of which he m( 
with an untimely and terrible death, near th 
Shiré River, through the buming of his hv 
during the night. 

Between the years 1873 and 1881 Mr. Rhode 
was very successful on the diamond diggingE 
and it weis during that period that he laid th< 
foimidation of the great wealth he subsequentb 
acquired and so liberally spent for the purpost 
of promoting and carrjdng out those schemei 
of Impérial expansion which hâve made hit 
name a household word even to the most 
distant parts of the Empire. But Mr. Rhodeg 
was more than a diamond digger. With one 
eye on his work and the other on his books he 
managed to complète that éducation which had 
been begun at Bishop's Stortford, and from 
1873 to 1881 he put in a portion of each year 
at Oriel Coll., Oxon, where he graduated B.A. 
and M. A., and where he became acqucûnted 
with Mr. Rochfort Maguire, who subsequently 
became associated with his political and com- 
mercial enterprises. At the same time he 
stored up that intimate knowledge of Colonial 
politics and questions aifecting British interests 
in S.A., which in later years proved to be of 
such immense practical value to him. 

When he first be^an to take £Ui interest in 
S.A. polities Mr. Rhodes recognized the im- 
portcmce of British expansion northwards, and 
of the eventual fédération of the vanoua 
Colonies and States in S.A., and he determined 
to dévote his powers euid his énergies to the 
attainment of those objects. Influences were 
at work, the aim of which was practically to 
confine Great Britain in S.A. to Cape Colony 
and Natal ; and it was in the hope of being 
able to circumvent the enemies of his country, 
and to secure the lion' s share of Africa for the 
British^ that Mr. Rhodes resolved to attain such 
a position as would enable him to carry ont his 
aims. For this not only peurliamentary power 
was necessary but, what was even znore 
important, great wealth. Fortune, in the early 
days in Kimberley, had smiled somewha 
liberally upon him, and he was making money 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

and building up a réputation as a young man 
possessed of more than ordinary foresight and 
ability, when, in the latter part of 1880, he 
was elected to represent the district of Barkly 
West in the House of Assembly. He con- 
tinued to represent Beurkly West to the day 
of his death, the large majority of the electors, 
in spite of strenuous opposition and misrepre- 
sentation at élection times, loyally supporting 
their distinguished member, in whom they 
took more than an ordinfiury interest, After 
the death of his brother in 1877 Mr. Rhodes 
entered into partnership with Mr. C, D. Rudd 
(q.v.), who, like himself, had gone out to S.A. 
in search of health as well as fortune. In 
addition to working haj>d in their diamond claims 
and oajrrying on their business as diamond 
merchants, the partners engaged in a variety 
of schemes, nothing coming amiss whieh pro- 
mised a profit. About the same time Mr. 
Rhodes formed that friendship with Dr. Jame- 
son which was destined to hâve such remeurkable 
conséquences. In those earlier years of schem- 
ing and money getting Mr. Rhodes never lost 
sight of the idea of northem expansion, and 
his friends knew how intensely he longed to 
see the British flag carried forward to the 
Zambesi. His principal confidant in politics 
seems to hâve been Dr. Jajneson (q.v.), and 
while thèse two were discussing this question 
of British Expansion in Africa, the late Mr. 
Krûger was dreaming dreams of an equally 
ambitions nature. There were thus two pro- 
minent expansionists in S.A. in those early 
days — the one aiming at securing the hinterland 
for Great Britain, and the other seeking to 
extend the Boer flag as far as the Zambesi. 
Very early in his political career, therefore, 
Mr. Rhodes realized that he was confronted 
with considérable difïiculties, as the Cape 
Dutch strongly sympathized with the aspirations 
of the Boers of the north, and he recognized 
that extrême caution was necessary, and that 
particularly he would hâve to show the Cape 
Dutch that their self-interest was being served 
by supporting his efforts at expansion. 

Mr. Rhodes took his seat in the Cape Législa- 
tive Assembly in 1881, and he was soon re- 
cognized as a man of extraordinary promise 
who was destined to attain a high place amongst 
S.A. poUticians. His maiden speech was against 
the proposai to disarm the Basutos, and it 
was while serving as a member of a commission 
to compensate the natives of that country 
who had not taken up arms against the Cape 
of Good Hope that Mr. Rhodes formed that 

friendship with Gen. Gordon which endored 
until the latter' s death. One of the fiist im- 
portant occasions in which Mr. Rhodes pitted 
himself against the ex-Pres. of the S.A.R. was 
in connection with the Stellaland Commission 
of which he (Mr. Rhodes) was a member. A 
number of Transvaal adventurers had set up 
some small republics in parts of Bechuanaland» 
more or less with the connivance of Mr. Eruger, 
with the intention of barring British progress 
northwards, and expcmding the border of 
the Transvaal in a westerly direction. This 
was the interprétation which Mr. Rhodes 
placed upon the présence of the freebooting 
Boers in Stellaland, and Goshen, and subséquent 
events showed that he was right. After muoh 
negotiation, the freebooters were cleared out 
by a bloodless expédition under Sir Chco'les 
Warren, and the first step in the direction of 
northem expansion was gained. This helped 
to bring the question of a Protectorate .over 
Bechuanaland to an acute stage, Mr. Rhodes 
being assisted in this by precipitate action on 
the part of Germany. The ambition of that 
Power to obtain a foothold in S.A. — an ambi- 
tion foreshadowing a possible German-Boer 
alUance — stirred the Colonial Offîce into activity. 
The Protectorate was authorized at the time 
when the London Convention of 1884 had 
been granted to the Transvaal, and mainly at 
the instance of Mr. Rhodes ; but it was almost 
too late. Mr. Krûger boldly annexed Montsoia's 
country. The Impérial Government, however, 
refused to recognize this ax3tion, the boundariea 
of the Republic having been fixed by- the new^ 
Convention, and demanded the withdrawal 
of the proclamation. To strengthen the demand 
Sir Charles Warren' s troops were moved north- 
wards, and Mr. Kriiger was immediately brought 
to his bearings. He came to Fourteen Streams 
to discuss matt«rs with Sir Charles Warren and 
Mr. Rhodes. 

Mr. Rhodes' share in clearing the Boers out 
of Bechuanaland directed attention to his 
expansion scheme, and the ideas which in- 
fluenced his conduct in this aSaâi were set forth 
in one of his speeches at the time. He said : 
'' Do you think that if the Transvaal had 
Bechuanaland it would be allowed to keep it ? 
Would not Bismeurck hâve some quarrel with the 
Transvaal, and without resources (ânanoial 
collapse in Pretoria was then imminent)» 
without men, what could they do ? Germany 
would come across from her settlement at Anatek 
PequefLa. There would be some excuse to pick 
a quarrel — some question of brandy, or gons. 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

or something — and then Germany would stretch 
from Angra Pequeûa to Delagoa Bay. 1 
was never more satisfied with my own views 
than when I saw the récent development of 
the polioy of Germany, What was the beur 
in Germany* s way ? Bechuanaland. What 
was the use to her of a fewsandheaps at Angra 
Pequeûa ? And what was the use of the arid 
déserts between Angra Pequeûa and the interior 
with this English and Colonial bar between 
her and the Transvckal î If we were to stop 
at Griqualand West, the ambitious objects 
of Germany would be attained/' Bechuanaleuid 
was, in tact, the key to the question of British 
suprenmoy in S.A., and, Mr. Kriiger having been 
defeated in his endeavours to extend the borders 
of his RepubUc, and Germany* s ambition for 
empire in Africa having been curtailed, the road 
was opened for the northem expansion, which 
had for years been Mr. Rhodes' high idéal. 
In pursuing his policy he did not lose sight 
of the faxst that he could only be successful 
by having the eo-operation of the Dutoh in 
Cape Colony, and by cultivating good political 
relations with the Transvacd ; but although 
the Bond was ail powerful, he resolutely re- 
fused to work in subservience to it. He never 
for a moment tumed aside from his plan of 
extending the Empire to the north, and of 
establishing a United South Africa imder the 
British flag ; but this could only be done by 
welding the two whito races together, by sink- 
ing ail différences, so that the native question 
might be dealt with independently of the friction 
between Dutch and British, and on uniform 
principles throughout the States of S.A. The 
part Mr. Rhodes played in checkmating Kruger's 
designs in Bechuanaland was his first con- 
spicuous service to the Empire ; it was the 
first of a long séries of splendid successes in a 
direction which continued without intermission 
down to that date at the end of 1895, when his 
direct power for usofulness was checked by 
the fact that he associated himself with the 
movement for the reUef of the Uitlanders which 
resulted in fcûlure. 

Mr. Rhodes first attedned Cabinet rank on 
Meurch 20, 1884, when he joined Sir Thomas 
Scanlan's Ministry as Treasurer of the Cape 
Colony. This Cabinet, however only lasted 
until May 12 of the same year. On July 17, 
1890, he became Premier and Commissioner of 
Crown Lcuids and Public Works. He relin- 
quished that portfolio on Sept. 23, 1890, but 
retained the premiership until May 3, 1893, 
when he formed his second Ministry without 

portfolio. Tliis lasted until Jan. 12, 1896, wh 
the raid made his résignation necessary. 

The success which attended Mr. Rhodx 
efforts to bar the cunbition of Mr. Kriig 
to draw a cordon aoross the British advance 
the northwards spiirred him to continue : 
the path he had marked out for himself, ac 
strengthened his résolve to keep open the ros 
for the Empire. It was not only the Dutc 
he had to fear ; Germemy had shown tha 
given a favourable opportunity, she woul 
s woop down upon Mashonaland and Matabelelanc 
At that time the minerai resources of thés 
countries were not suspected. The désir 
of the ultra-Colonial party at Berlin to posses 
themselves of this territory was largely due U 
those ulterior motives Mr. Rhodes so clearli 
foreshadowed in the speech already quoted 
Ail the time he was bending his énergies U 
acquire money he was thinking of the main 
purposes for which he desired it, and maturing 
his schemes for bringing those purposes to 
maturity. It would occupy too much space to 
attempt to give hère the history of ekll the 
movements which led up to the occupation of 
Lobengula's territory. Suffice it to say he 
succeeded in checkmating the designs both 
of Mr. Kriiger and his satellites and of the 
powerful Berlin Syndicate, secretly bsusked 
by a great firm of German bankers. He de- 
cided upon applying British red to that portion 
of the S.A. map lying between the Lunpopo 
on the south, Lake Tangcmyika on the north, 
and the Portuguese possessions on the east and 

Meantime, however, a simileur idea had oo- 
curred to Mr. George Cawston (q.v.). A few 
months later, Mr. Rhodes induced Mr. C. D. 
Rudd (q.v.) to make a joumey to Bulawayo, 
with the object of obteûning a concession over 
those régions ruled by Lobengula. In this he 
was successful, and obtained from the Matabele 
chief a concession embracing the whole of 
Matabeleland and Mashonaland. Subséquent 
treaties with other native chieftains, and 
absorption of other concessions, increetsed this 
area to about 750,000 square miles. The 
romantic story of the occupation of Mashona- 
land by Major Johnson* s Pioneer Force, guided 
by Mr. Selous (q.v.), is too familiar to need 
répétition hère. The terrible privations en- 
dured by the settlers in the new country hâve 
been referred to in the lives of Dr. Jameson 
(q.v.) and Major Frank Johnson (q.v.). But 
the '* African Review *' has recordeid how, in 
the face of much discouragement and great 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

diffîculties, the gold districts were opened up, 
townships were built, agriculture was initiated, 
and law and order established in a land which 
had been made hideous during the preceding 
half century by scènes of Matabele rapine and 
bloodshed. In the settlement of Rhodesia, 
Mr. Rhodes carried the Cape Dutch with him, 
at ail events in a large measure. He had pre- 
viously conciliated them. He had shown him- 
self in the Cape Parliament extremely mindful 
of the interests of the Dutch f^irmers. It took 
him a considérable time to bring the Dutch to 
his side, but he succeeded in the end. 

Having gained the concession from Loben- 
gula, the next step — procuring a charter from 
the Impérial Govt. — was fraught with 
considérable diffîculties ; but twenty months 
after the original concession was granted, the 
charter of the British S.A. Co. came into exist- 
ence. Then foUowed a period of active 
pioneering ; the settlers, when the pioneer force 
was disbanded, spread themselves ail over the 
land. However, the greater diffîculties were 
still to corne. The Matabele War of 1893 was 
a small matter compared with the rébellion of 
1896. But the way in which Mr. Rhodes 
grasped the fact that the game of war was not 
worth the candie, and, recognising this, the 
readiness with which he completely changed 
his plan from fighting to " deaUng '* are tellmg 
©xamples of his resourcefulness and judgment. 
The plucky way in which he went unarmed into 
the Matoppo Hills to treat with the indunas will 
ever be a subject of admiration to the Anglo- 
Saxon race. Mr. Rhodes' next move was the 
acquisition of Barotseland, which was another 
step in the direction of henuning in the Trans- 
vaal with British territory, and keeping open 
tho northem route for the great Cape to Cairo 
Railway, which, it was his aim, should run 
through ail British country. The Airikander 
Bond tried to make a condition of their sup- 
port the stipulation that any further extension 
northwards should be by the way of the railway 
from the Cape through the Boer Republics. 
But it was not in Rhodes' scheme of things to 
give thèse RepubUcs the oontrol of the interior 
trade. Presently he got the Une extended as 
far as Mafeking. The Bechuanaland Railway 
Co. was formed, and, notwithstanding ail the 
obstacles presented by the Matabele Rébellion 
and the rinderpest, Bulawayo was reached in 
due season. Concurrently télégraphie com- 
munication was pushed on, going in front as 
the harbinger of the r€iilway. Ail manner of 
evil prédictions were adventured, but none of 

thèse prophecies hâve been fulfilled. In con- 
structing the telegraph Une Mr. Rhodes' chief 
concem was to make it the advance guard of 
the railway, that great linkiag agency between 
man and man of modem civilization ; but he 
also had an eye tothe fact that as a commercial 
enterprise it would prove an extremely re- 
munerative affair. In the prosecution of this 
work, Sir Charles Metcalfe rendered Mr. Rhodes 
effective service. It may be said hère paren- 
theticaUy that Mr. Rhodes had to the full that 
pecuUar instinct which enabled him to choose 
his friends and co-workers with unerring judg- 
ment, and that his magnificent successes axe 
as much due to this faculty as to any other 
cause. He was not destined to see the accom- 
plishment of this great scheme, the Cape to 
Cairo Railway ; but he Uved long enough to be 
assured that he left it in hands which might be 
oounted upon to bring it to a successful issue. 
The greatest diffîculty Mr. Rhodes had to con- 
tend with in the prosecution of this great design 
confronted him when he found that in the 
varions international arrangements made with 
Belgium and Germany the British Govt. 
failed to make provision — at whatever cost, it 
should hâve been made — for the rétention or 
acquisition by Great Britain of a strip of terri- 
tory, however slender, which would conneot 
her possessions iu Central Africa with the 
territory under her protection in North A£rica. 
In order to get over this obstacle, Mr. Rhodes 
came to an arrangement with the authorities 
of the Congo Free State ; but, to make assur- 
ance doubly sure, he sought and was accorded 
an interview with the Kaiser, and so impressed 
the Grerman Emperor with the soundness of 
his case that, while guaitling to the full ail 
German interests and rights, he gave Mr. 
Rhodes permission to carry his line through 
German territory. 

There are innumerable aspects of the varied 
and complex personaUty of the subject of this 
memoir which it is impossible to deal with at 
length. It would, in fact, be interesting to 
foUow Mr. Rhodes' ceureor as a Cape Colonial, 
ÎQ contradistinction to an Impérial, poUtieian; 
but obviously the only part of his ceureer which 
has any particular gênerai interest ontaide 
narrow limits, seeiag that such détails are quite 
uninteresting as conceming the giants of the 
ImperifiJ ParUament, is that part of it whioh 
has to do with those great Impérial problems 
which temporarily were localized m Cape 
Colony. It may be noted, however, that lus 
policy W81S to (Usarm effective opposition* hy 

Anglo-African Who*s Who 

Bplitting his opponents into groupa when he 
could not convert them to his views. By hook 
or by crook he elîminated his political enemies. 
Indeed, he achieved some success, employing 
similar tactics, in regard to the statesmen and 
poUticians of the Old Country. Eminently 
practical in ail that he did, he bent himself to 
the task of conoiUating the Dutch, and 
endeavouring to bring them to a sound ap- 
préciation of their own interests. Witness the 
Scab Act, which afterwards, vitiated by per- 
missive clauses, has failed to exercise the 
beneficent influence it would hâve exercised 
but for those later amendments. The pro- 
visions of the Scab Act in its purity would hâve 
saved the Dutch and English farmers — and as 
the farmers are mostly Dutch, this was a 
measure especially conceming the Afrikanders 
— from the cruel loss which the prevalence of 
disease among the sheep of the country inflicted 
upon them. Then, as regards the natives, Mr. 
Khodes approached them with sympathy shom 
of sentimentaUty. The Glen Grey Act, a 
masterpiece of constructive statesmanship, 
though primarily designed — that is to say, on 
the face of it — in the interests of the white 
settlers, and especiedly the employers of labour, 
W81S really a measure pregnant with happy 
auguries for the natives themselves. If the 
natives continue to increase and multiply in 
idleness in their kraals, discontent must in- 
evitably resuit, and discontent must breed the 
poison of sédition and rebeUion. In the rup- 
ture between whites euid blacks which would 
inevitably follow, the blacks would be the 
greater and the flnal sufferers. The Glen 
Grey Act, and indeed ail Mr. Rhodes* législative 
and philanthropie actions in regard to the 
natives, were based on sound common sensé, 
infused with sympathy and sustained by know- 
ledge. Like ail Mr. Rhodes* public and private 
a/Cts, his attitude toward the native question 
was tinctured with imagination. Mr. Rhodes 
in this, as in ail things, looked not merely to 
the requirements of the immédiate moment ; 
he was never content to patch up a convenient 
modtia Vivendi which left out of account the 
future. On the contrary, he discounted that 
future, and his policy was eJways conceived 
and carried out with a view to its ultimate 

As we understand political parties in Eng- 
land, Mr. Rhodes was a Libéral. He believâ 
in the policy of according the varions com- 
ponent sections of the British race the fullest 
measure of local self-govemment possible, so 

long as this liberty did not in any way impi 
upon the Impérial unity he desired so fervei 
to further, and did so muoh to conserve, 
had, of course, an ulterior political motivt 
giving those muoh-debated chèques to 
Pamell and Mr. Schnadhorst. But he 
primarily infiuenced by his prepossession 
favour of the idea of local decentralization ] 
Impérial centralization. In this, as in om 
two other matters, Mr. Rhodes allowed 
proleptic quality he possessed of projeci 
himself into the future to carry him a\( 
Home Rule for Ireland la conjunction wit! 
gênerai scheme for the readjustment of 
local and Impérial govemment of the Em] 
is an exceedmgly sound proposition. As 
ta<;hed therefrom it is a political impossibil 
This Mr. Rhodes would hâve been the firs 
allow. Unfortunately, he permitted his s 
guine spirit to make him for the moment 
** previous.'* 

It will always be a diffîcult matter to une 
stand Mr. Rhodes* true connexion with 
Reform Movement in the Transvaal. 
Managing Director of the ConsoUdated Gc 
fîelds Co. his interférence was as justifiable 
that of any other member of the Committ 
but in his capacity as Premier of the Ci 
Colony and Managing Director of the Cheurtei 
Co. his position was extremely difiGlcult. ] 
Rhodes, who was represented on the Refo 
Committee by his brother. Col. Frank Rhod 
avowed that his intentions were merely 
obtain such ameUoration of the conditions 
he was entitled to claim as representing 
enormous amount of capital invested in ' 
Transvaal. He also aimed at Free Trade 
S.A. products. Other matters there wen 
Customs Union, Railway Convention, e 
but they, he said, would follow in time. 
stated that if thèse objects were obtcûned 
expense of keeping Jameson's men on 
border would be amply repaid. Some peo 
averred that it was Mr. Rhodes* intention 
seize and annex the Trcmsvaal to Rhodei 
but it was never seriously credited. H< 
ever there was evidently considérable suspici 
even amongst the Reform leaders, that ] 
Rhodes was utilizing the Reform Commit 
emd the Rhodesian troops to ultimately jpl 
the Union Jack in Pretoria in the pla<^ of 
Transvacd fiag. This, however, was the < 
point upon which Johannesbiirg was unil 
The Republic must be maintained, but uo 
wider constitutional powers which should ( 
représentation and good govemment to 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

eubjects. So strong was this feeling on the 
question of the flag that spécial emissaries 
were sent to Cape Town to obtcûn assurances 
from Mr. Rhodes on the point. Thèse assiir- 
ances were given, and Mr. Rhodes telegraphed 
to Dr. Jameson to restrcûn him from taking 
that independent action which his impatience 
had threatened («ce Dr. JameaorCa Life). But 
little is to be gcûned now by dwelling at length 
on that unhappy business. The provocation 
must not be forgotten. To a maii of Mr. 
Rhodes' tempérament and power of looking 
into the future it was well-nigh impossible to 
eit down quietly, while successive Impérial 
Govemments and Cape Ministers paltered with 
the situation in S.A. Mr. Kriiger and his 
friends and myrmidons were leaving no stone 
untumed to make the position of the British, 
and, indeed, of ail aliens other than their own 
aUies, impossible in the Transvaal, and to 
eliminate the Impérial fa,ctor in S.A. gene- 
rally. Ail efEorts at redress in the S.A.R. 
proving abortive ; the Uitlanders repeatedly 
told from this side that if they wanted relief 
they must take steps to secure it from within, 
IVIr. Rhodes ultimately determined to lend 
them a helping hand. Arms were smuggled 
into Johannesburg, and Dr. Jameson' s armed 
force was stationed on the border. It is im- 
possible to say whether, given fair luck instead 
of *' rank bad luck," given discreet subor- 
dinates, this ill-judged attempt, would or could 
hâve proved successful. In any case, it re- 
sulted in dire failure, and it is not too much 
to say the event itself, and what grew out of 
it, must hâve had the effect of shortening by 
many years the most useful life in S.A. In 
dismissing it, it is sufficient to quote and en- 
dorse Mr. Chamberlain' s famous statement in 
the House of Commons, which, while recog- 
nizing the political fault, asserted that nothing 
«xisted *' which affected Mr. Rhodes' personal 
character as a man of honour." 

A man of honour Mr. Rhodes undoubtedly 
was. The '* Airican Review," in an excellent 
appréciative memoir of this great man, has 
recorded in words which we cannot attempt 
to improve upon how loyal he was to his friends, 
and just to his enemies. He always set before 
him a high standard of conduct, the standard 
set up by Aristotle, which he was so fond of 
quoting. He aimed for himself, and, so far 
as lay in his power, set the idéal before his 
fellow men, to achieve that realization of the 
highest spiritual good that was in him through 
the S3rstematic and strenuous training of the 

best qualities of his manhood. His statee- 
manship was conceived on thèse Unes. Hé 
desired to see the British Empire great and 
prospérons, not in a merely material and sordid 
way, but great and prospérons by reason of 
the aggregated greatness and well-being of its 
individuel citizens. He worked unceasingly 
to this end, sparing himself nothing, and to 
this noble ambition he sacrificed his life. Almost 
his Ifitst public service to the country he loved 
so deeurly was rendered during the récent war. 
Those who were with him during the Kim- 
berley siège know with what singlenesa of 
purpose he threw himself into the defence of 
the town. There, as on so many other occa- 
sions, he displayed the true nobility and altruism 
of his nature. For, strongly individuel as Mr. 
Rhodes was, he was in no sensé, save the porely 
superficial one, an egotist. He lived for his 
race. He knew that his race needed him, and 
this nerved him to make a splendid strug^e 
with death when he became conscious of lis 
near approach. ** There is so much to be 
done," were almost his last words. Nevor- 
theless, he met the spectre with résignation 
and with the f ortitude of a pagan hero. When 
I am dead," he once said, *' let there be no fuss ! 
Lay me in my grave. Tread down the earth 
and pass on ; I shaU hâve done my work I '* 
Though not a briUiant orator, he was a most 
convincing speaker ; excelled in knowing what 
to say, and when to say it, and always carried 
his audience with him. He won the con- 
fidence of the Cape Dutch under the leadership 
of Mr. Hofmeyr, and did not despair of ulti- 
mately winning over the TransvcuJers» untîl 
the unfortunate raid made his temporary 
withdrawal from S.A. politics necessary. Few 
Ënglishmen hâve had a larger f oUowing of hero- 
worshippers, and it is fortunate for our pré- 
dominance in the Cape that he had not to 
encounter such opposition from British Minis- 
ters as might seriously hâve impeded the 
fruition of his schemes. This was largely due 
to his almost hypnotic power of impressing his 
ideas upon ail with whom he ceune in contact. 

We hâve previously referred to that earlier 
period in Mr. Rhodes' career when he was fizst 
building up a place amongst the mining and 
financial magnâtes. The smeJl claims were 
becoming unworkable owing to thousands of 
tons of débris falling from the walls, and Mr. 
Rhodes quickly perceived that the only pos- 
sible way to continue working was by amal- 
gamating the holdings into one workable oon» 
cem. This process was initiated [nntil the 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


Kimberley claims were oontrolled by four 
companies, and eventually in 1888 the great 
De Beers Consolidated Co. was formed to 
absorb even thèse. It was not without en- 
countering exceeding diffîculties that Mr. 
Khodes carried through this great scheme, 
meeting with much opposition from the late 
Mr. B. I. Bamato, who, however, ultimately 
came to terms with the colossus, Messrs. Rhodes 
and Bamato each being one of the four life 
govemors of the Co. In addition to the extra- 
ordinary financial energy displayed by so young 
a man in building up this gigantic diamond 
corporation, his ability must also be recognized 
in such détails as the compound System 
diminishing thefts by nigger workers, and the 
syndicate controlling the price of diamonds. 

During the final years in which Mr. Rhodes 
was working on this, his great and initial scheme, 
his attention weis also attracted by the opening 
of the goldfields in the Transvaal. There is no 
doubt that, inunersed as he was in his De Beers 
and northem ideas, he did not dévote so much 
attention to the Band as his financial genius, 
with so stupendous an opportunity, would hâve 
desired. But, in conjunction with C. D. Rudd, 
he formed the great ConsoUdated Goldfields 
of S.A., in 1887, with a capital of £250,000. 
Mr. Rhodes' personal supervision was, of 
course, not prominent, and the properties at 
first acquired were, from subséquent Trans- 
vcmJ mining expérience, not first-rate. But 
the Co. quickly found its true footing, and the 
Consolidated Goldfields of to-day ranks with 
the Rand Mines as having for years held the 
pick of the coming mining areas on the Reuid. 
As évidence of the mannerin which, in ail Mr. 
Rhodes* schemes, the success of one was made 
to haâten the success of another, ail on the road 
to the acquisition of Rhodesia, one may mention 
the well-known financial share which the De 
Beers Co. has had in the baxsking up of the 
Chartered Co. ; while the Consolidated Gold- 
fields of S.A. gave similar assistance. In 1889 
it acquired a half-interest in the Rudd Con- 
cessions, presently represented by eight and 
a-half units out of thirty in a Consolidated com- 
peuiy, merged once more into a company with 
a very large share capital, and to be absorbed by 
the Chartered Co. Under this arrangement the 
Goldfields were to receive more than a queirter 
of a million shares. In addition, the Goldfields 
took 102,500 shares in the Chartered Co. Then 
the capital was inoreetsed by 130,000 shares to 
acquire the Johnson, Heany, & Borrow rights 
in Mazoe, Hartley, etc., in Mashonaland. It 

was in this way that the astute genius of M 
Rhodes, working its way stubbomly throu^ 
a maze of financial intrigues, used the ui 
rivalled financial power of his earher compeuii< 
in a country where financial opposition was ne 
to be feared — for those men who had alread 
attained financial importance in the earlies 
gold and diamond days he had arrayed besid 
himself — in carrying through the vast scheme 
which, had he stood alone, would hâve beei 
too weighty even for himself, while his politica 
power also played an important part in th< 

So far, however, as the personal finance ol 
Mr. Rhodes is concemed, in 1892, on an amal- 
gamation with other companies, and on the 
raising of the capital of the Goldfields to 
£1,250,000, the foimiders (Messrs. Rudd and 
Rhodes) received 80,000 shares, while in 1894 
their rights to two-fifteenths of the net profits 
were extinguished, by the payment to them 
of 100,000 shares. From this point onward 
it may be said that the career of Mr. Rhodes, 
so far as the building of his personal fortune 
was concemed, was finished. Thenceforward 
his schemes concem the provision of ways and 
means for the great Northem undertaking. 
His hand was ever in his pocket, euid it wUl 
probably never be known how much, from his 
private means, he has contributed towards the 
exigencies of the infcmt territories. Especially 
was this the cajse in regard to the northem 
extension of the rctilway towards Rhodesia, 
and on its way to Cairo, and on the preliminary 
telegraph Une which is already so far advanced. 

In October 1901, Mr. Rhodes' health, which 
had been in a preccbrious state for a yecur pre- 
viously, began to show a serions tum for the 
worse. Acting on médical advice, he started 
for a trip in the Mediterranean, CMîcompanied 
by Mr. Beit and Dr. Jameson. He then visited 
the leuid of the Pharaohs ; retumed to England, 
still an invaUd, and soon left the English winter 
for Muizenberg, a f avourite watering place near 
Cape Town. Hère Mr. Rhodes developed heart 
trouble, and eventually he had to lay aside ail 
business, although no serions resuit was antici- 
pated, the médical attendants hoping that the 
patient' s vitality would prevail sufficiently to 
enable him to undertake a voyage to England, 
arrangements for which were axstually made in 
one of the mail steamers sailing from Cape 
Town. Mr. Rhodes, too, was anxious to pro- 
ceed to England, but his condition was such 
that travelling under the circumstances was 
absolutely out of the question. During the last 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

few days of his illness it was patent that he was 
growing weaker and weaker, and although 
there was a slight improvement occasioncJly, 
Mr. Rhodes' friends prepared themselves for 
the worst. From the Sunday before his death 
he took little or no interest in matters which 
before then he freely discussed ; but he was 
constantly dozing, and the continually increasing 
dropsy working upwards showed only too 
plainly that the end was not far ofE. On Tues- 
day, March 25, 1902, the first serions crisis was 
surmounted ; but it left the patient so weak 
that, when he had another severe attack on the 
following day, it was évident the struggle was 
almost over. Death, which was perfectly pain- 
less, occurred at three minutes to six, conscious- 
ness being retained till within three minutes of 
the end. A few minutes previous to passing 
away Mr. Rhodes faintly muttered the names 
of his brother and some of the others around 
him, evidently meaning to say good-bye. Dr. 
Jameson, Dr. Smartt (Commissioner of Public 
Works), Sir Charles Motcalfe, Colonel Elmhurst 
Rhodes, and Mr. J. Walton (member of the 
House of Assembly for Port Elizabeth) were 
by his bedside, while ail his attendants and 
" boys" were also présent. Of ail those who 
attended Mr. Rhodes during his illness Dr. 
Stevenson was the only one absent at the end. 
Among Mr. Rhodes' last utterances were the 
words, " So little done. So much to do." A 
poat-mortem oxamination of the body revealed 
an extensive aneurism of the heart. The place 
of Mr. Rhodes' burial was not ill-chosen. In 
a solid tomb in the Matoppo Hills, known now 
as the World' s View, the remains of the founder 
of Rhodesia lie at rest. 

Mr. Rhodes' will and codicils were character- 
istic of the man. He made large provision for 
scholarships for the advantage of American, 
German, S.A. and other students, and set aside 
ample sums for expérimental farming, irriga- 
tion, forestry, etc., and for the endowment of 
an agricultural collège. His executors are Lord 
Milner, Lord Rosebery, Sir Lewis Mitchell, Lord 
Grey, Mr. Beit, Mr. B. F. Hawksley and Dr. 
Jamoson, the latter name having been added 
in the last codicil. Mr. W. T. Stead had been 
named previously as an executor, but that 
gentleman' s " extraordinary eccentricities " led 
to his being removed from such a responsible post. 

ROBINSON, HON. Sm John, K.C.M.G., 
F.R.G.S., late of The Gables, Durban, Natal, 
and of the Durban and Grosvenor (Lond.) 
Clubs, was bom in Hull, Eng., Mar. 17, 1839. 

He was son of Geo. Robinson, of Hull, and 
grandson of Geo. Cookman, J.P., of Stepney 
Lodge, near Hull, and was eduoated privately. 
Sir John was elected a member of the Natal 
Législative Council in 1863, and sat in the 
Council or, after responsible govt. was intro- 
duced, in the Assembly, with occasional inter- 
vais until 1901. He was first Premier of Natal 
in 1893, and aoted as Colonial Secy. and MiniB- 
ter of Education in the first Bee^naible Ad- 
ministration in the Colony. lU-hiealth cauaed 
his retirement in 1897. He attended con- 
férences in London and Cape Town, and waa 
the author of *' A Natal Guide Book,'* " George 
Linton, or the Early Yecu» of a British ColG«ày7' 
'' A Lifetime in South Africek," etc., eta Sir 
John married, Dec. 28, 1866, Agnes, dau. of Dr. 
Blaine, R.M. , Natal. He died at Durban on Nov. 
5, 1903, from the results of a parcdytic seizure. 

ROSS, Sm David Palmes, K.C.M.Q., M.D., 
who died early in June, was the son of a -well- 
known surgeon, his death ooournng only a ahort 
time before his intended retirement from his 
arduous labours in Georgetown. Sir David» 
when he had qualified in Edinburgh, joined the 
Army Médical Service, and soon afterwacds he 
went to Jamaica, where he spent about twenty 
years in varions positions. EUs duties feU 
chiefiy among the coohe dépôts and the email- 
pox hospitals, and in 1885 he was speoially 
selected for Sierra Leone. There he dia much 
good work in investigating and combating 
tropical diseases of ail Hnds ; and what he has 
accomplished in this important brazich of 
médical science has proved of the highest value. 
On leaving Sierra Leone, Sir David was pro- 
moted to the important office of Surgeon- 
Gren. in British Guiana, where his preeeiioe 
and expérience hâve enabled the C^vt. to 
practically couvert what many regaided as a 
'^ plague spot" into a tolerably safe place of 
Uving for both white and colouied people. Sir 
David, who was 62 at the time of his death, 
married, in 1867, a dau. of the then Attomey- 
Gen. of Jamaica, and one of his daoghters 
is now the wife of Lucie-Smith, the senior 
Puisne Judge in British Guiana, and for the 
moment acting as Chief Justice in the absence 
on leave of his chief. 

SCHERMBRUCKER, Col. the Hoir. Fbb- 
DEBiG, M.L.A., of Friedrichs Ruh, W3mbeirg, 
ce, who died in April, 1904, was bom at 
Schweinfmi)h, Bavaria, in 1832, and was 
of the Hon. Christopher Schermfaruoker, 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


of the Judges of the Appellate Court of the 
Province of the Falatinate. He waa educated 
at the Jesuit Institute of Neuburg, on the 
Danube, was a Latin prizeman at that academy, 
and entered the ranks of the Bavarian army as 
a private, but with the privilèges of a gentleman 
cadet. He fought on the Royal aide in the dis- 
turbances of 1850-2, and was made a Sub-Lieut. 
in récognition of services in the field ; he volun- 
teered to serve in the Crimea with the Grerman 
Légion. He went to the Cape in 1857 with the 
rank of Ensign ; was for some time a teacher 
of German before being appointed Grerman 
Interpréter in the office of the R.M. at King 
WiUiamstown. Later he started as an 
auctioneer, and from 1859 to 1866 took an 
active part in opposing the annexation of 
KafEraria to the Cape Colony. He was one of 
the accused in the famous Cedabash case, and 
waa fined £100 for shooting a Ke^ sheep- 
stealer. He was elected a member of the Cape 
Assembly in 1868. Li 1872 he failed in business 
and went to the diamond fields, to Lydenburg, 
the Limpopo and Matabeleland, eventually be- 
coming éditer of the Bloemfontein ** Express." 
He left Bloemfontein (having been bumed in 
effigy there), and retumed to King WilUams- 
town ; volunteered for service in the Prontier 
War ; was appointed Comdt. of the Amatola 
Division ; volunteered for service in the Zulu 
War, and commanded at Luneberg, being 
présent at the engagements of Zlobane and 
Kambula, and distinguishing himself at the 
Pemvani River. In 1880 he accompcmied Sir 
Gordon Sprigg to Basutoland to raise a police 
force, but retired when the Sprigg Ministry was 
overtumed. In 1882 he was elected M.L.C. for 
the Eastem Circle ; was re-elected two yesurs 
later, and in the same year joined Sir Thomas 
Uppington's cabinet as Commissioner of Crown 
Lands and PubUc Works, and continued this 
office in the second Sprigg Ministry. He 
succossfully contested King WiUiamstown at 
the General Elections for the Cape House of 
Assembly in 1888, 1894, and 1904, and was 
also a life member of the Executive Council 
of the Cape of Grood Hope. Col. Schermbrucker 
was a keen Imperialist, a clever speeiker, a great 
admirer of Cecil Rhodes, a loyal supporter of 
Dr. Jameson, and a tower of strength to the 
Progressive p£urty. He was deoorated with the 
Pope' s Order, **Pro Pontifice et Eoclesia," and 
wore the medals for the Gaika War, the Basuto- 
land RebelUon, and the Zulu War. He married 
Lucy, second dau. of the late Patrick Egan, and 
has had a large f amily of children. 

SHEFFIELD, Thomas, late of Johann 
burg, started business in Grahamstown, C. 
in conjunction with his brother, as prini 
and stationer, and also brought into exit 
ence the ** Eastem Star," which he édite 
The paper was transferred to Johannesbm 
where it was eventuaJly taken over by tl 
Argus Printing and Publishing Co. Wi" 
the change of proprietorship the word '* Eas 
em" in the title of the journal was droppei 
and the newspaper was carried on as the *' Star, 
under which name it is still published, thougl 
of course, on a much Isurger and improved b€i8i 
Some years ago Mr. Sheffield succeeded Mj 
F. J. Donner as managing director of the Argu 
Co., to which he devoted the greater part o 
his time and abilities. Though of a literar, 
bent of mind, Mr. Sheffield did not find th 
time to dévote attention to literature. Hit 
one production, entitled ** My Impressions o: 
England," however, revealed his merits as c 
capable writer. Ai ter a long illness Mr. Sheffield 
died at Johannesburg on Feb. 6, 1904, leaving 
a wife and a large family of daughters. 

SHIELS, Thomas, who died on March 10, 
1904, was for many years a Director of De Beers 
Consolidated Mines, and a strong supporter of 
the late Mr. Rhodes. Owing to failing heolth, 
Mr. Shiels resigned his seat at the De Beers 
Board in 1903, and at the time of his death his 
holding in the company had for some time 
been quite a small one. When he died at Edin- 
burgh, Mr. Shiels was within a day or two of 
completing his 70th year. Mr. Shiels was one 
of the pioneers of the S.A. Diamond Fields, and 
at Kimberley, where he resided for a long period 
of years, he was greatly respected for his many 
good qualities. 

SHIPPARD, Ser Sidnby Godoi^phin Axbx- 
ANDEB, K.C.M.G., who died at his résidence in 
West Halkin Street, London, on March 29, 1902, 
from the eSects of inâuenza, was well known in 
S.A., where for many years he filled responsible 
positions. He weis educated at Kin^s Coll. 
Sch. and Oriel and Hertford Colis., Oxford, and 
was called to the Bar at the Liner Temple 
in 1867. From 1873 to 1884 he held varioua 
judicial appointments in Cape Colony, and in 
the Isist-named yoar was appointed Adminis- 
trator of British Bechuanaland. The next year 
he became Résident Commissioner for Bechuana- 
land, holding that post until 1895. On the 
résignation of Mr. Rhodes and Mr. Beit from 
the Chartered Co. after the raid, Sir Sidney 



Anglo-African Who's Who 

was appointed a Director, a post which he held 
up to lus death. Sir Sidney was a distinguished 
jurist, and many of his judgments are regarded 
as masterpieces of their kind. He was the 
Brîtish Commissioner in tho Angra Pequeûa 
dispute with Grennany, and was created a 
K.C.M.G. in 1887. Few men enjoyed a better 
deserved popularity throughout the Cape 
Colony, for Sir Sidney Shippard was a man of 
culture and refinement, who made his influence 
felt in whatever position he wsis called upon 
to fill. 

SKINNER, Db. W. A., who died at Pieter- 
maritzburg, Natal, in the summer of 1904, was 
bom in Scotland, graduated at Edinburgh Univ., 
and took honours in London. He went to 
Natal in 1900, and obtained the post of 
Asst. Médical Officer at the NataJ Grovt. Asylum. 
Dr. Skinner held this appointment until his 
death, which occurred in lus 31st year. 

SMITH, NiGEL Martin, who died in 1904, 
was well known in financial circles as a Director 
of the Standard Bank of South Africa, and upon 
the amalgamation of Smith' s Bank with the 
Union Bank of London he was elected on the 
board of the joint concem. He was a member 
of the conunittee of the Victoria Hospital for 
Children, and closely identified with other 
similar institutions. He took a deep interest 
in the young men employod in the banks, and 
in their sports and récréations. 

STANLEY, Sm Henby Mobtôn, G.C.B., 
D.C.L. of Oxford, Camb. and Durhajn, LL.D. 
of Edin., Ph.D. of Halle ; late of 2, Richmond 
Terrace, Whitehall, London, and of Furze Hill, 
Pirbright, was bom about the year 1841 in 
Denbighshire, so far as is known, for his early 
years are clouded by much obscurity. But it 
is understood that he spent many years of his 
childhood in the workhouse, and at the âge 
of fourteen shipped as a cabin boy for New 
Orléans, where he found a générons patron in 
the person of a Mr. Stanley, whose name he 
adopted. On the outbreak of the American 
War in 1861 Henry Morton Stanley joined the 
Confederate forces, but afterwards fought on 
the Fédéral side. In 1867 young Stanley went 
as correspondent of the " New York Herald " 
with the British troops in Abyssinia, and after 
the fall of Magdala he represented that journal 
in Spain. It was while he was there that a 
telegram sununoned him to Paris in October, 
1869, and he was commissioned to go and fînd 

Dr. Livingstone. He started on this vague 
enterprise immediately, attending, en rouie, 
the opening of the Suez Canal, visiting Sir 
Seunuel Beiker in Upper Egypt, running over 
to see Capt. Warren in Jérusalem, visiting 
Stamboul, going over the old Crimean battle- 
fields, visiting Trebizond, Tiâis and other places, 
and eventuaUy joumeying through Persia, and 
finding his way overland to Bombay, where he 
embarked in Oct., 1870, for Mauritius. Thence 
he procured a passcige to Zanzibar, and began 
in Jan., 1871, his inland joumey in seeurch of 
the great missionary. In the following Novem- 
ber the intrepid party found themselves on the 
eastem shores of Tanganyika, and hère» at a 
village called Ujiji, they encountered Dr. Living- 
stone. Upon lus retum to England, the beeurer 
of Livingstone' s diary, Mr. Stanley (not jret 
knighted) was universally lionized. The Queen 
presented him with a gold snuff box with the 
V.R. in brilliants. The King (then Prince of 
Wales) gave him an audience ; King Huxnbert 
of ItaJy presented a portrait of himself, while 
from Victor Emmanuel he received a gold 
medal. Leamed societies and illustrions per^ 
sonages showered addresses, gifts and invita- 
tions upon him, and Stanley realized to the fnll 
the meaning of famé, and enjoyed the nation's 
reward for long months of daiiger, fever, toil 
and privations endured for the suocour of a 
fellow man. 

A year or two later he retumed to Afrioa to 
represent the '* New York Herald '* in the 
Ashantee War, and on his retum the ever- 
enterprising "Daily Telegraph" joined with 
the "New York Herald" in sendmg Stanley 
back to complète the discoveries of Speke, Sur 
R. Burton and Livingstone (who was now 
dead). As a resuit of the libered means sup- 
plied by Mr. J. M. Levy and Mr. Edward L. 
Lawson of the " Telegraph," and Mr. James 
Gordon Bennett of the " Herald," Mr. Staidey'B 
expédition resulted in the Ckccomplishment of 
three great achievements, each one of which 
would hâve meule the lifelong réputation of 
any ordinary explorer. The Victoria Nyaasa 
was for the ârst time circumnavigated and its 
shores accurately mapped out. The Tangan3r£lca 
was also circmnnavigated, and the resolt of 
the expédition showed, what before had baen 
unknown, that thèse two great inland seas wece 
not in any way connected with eeboh other. 
But the greatest of his African exploits remains 
to be chronicled. Striking due west, Stanley 
met the River Lualaba, followed the xnys- 
terious stream northward along its banks» and 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


ultimately embarked on its waters, finally 
emerging by it on the Atlantic Océan at the 
mouth of the Congo. No more momentous 
geographîcal discovery has ever been made in 
modem days than the proof thus given that 
the Lualaba and the Congo were the same river, 
and that the latter wa.s almost continuously 
navigable, and certainly capable of being 
utiUzed as a high road for future African com- 
merce. During a great part of the joumey 
through Central Airica Stanley was accom- 
panied by the great slave trader, Tippoo Tib, 
and many conflicts with natives took place ; 
but, although they met with censure in some 
quarters, they could only be regsurded as part 
of the price of the advantages to science, civili- 
zation, religion and empire which ultimately 

In 1879 Mr. Stanley (as he still was) was 
deputed by the newly formed African Inter- 
national Association, of which King Leo- 
pold II was the founder, to establish trading 
stations and open up the land bordering on the 
Congo, with the main object of promoting 
commerce. In 1884 was founded the Congo 
Free State, referred to in Mr. Stanley' s ** The 
Congo, and the Founding of the Free State" 
(1885), and the first Govemorship of this terri- 
tory was offered to, but declined by, the ex- 
plorer and pioneer of commerce in West Africa. 

In Jan., 1887, the Egyptian Treasury placed 
£10,000 at Stanley* s disposai for the relief of 
Emin Pasha, upon which he set out from the 
Congo with many able lieutenants, pushing on 
to the Aruwhimi River, where he established 
a base. Stanley then took the greater part of 
his force northwards, and after seemingly end- 
less obstacles — death, disease, hunger, desperate 
conflicts with natives, struggles through virgin 
forests, etc., he at length met Emin, and 
brought him back in triumph. 

But many and fatiguing joumeys through 
the worst parts of Africa, punctuated with over 
a hundred attaoks of fever, were telling upon 
the exploreras heeJth. Many tempting offers 
of profitable employment were made, but he 
resolved to settle down in England. He mar- 
ried Dorothy, a dau. of Mr. C. Tennant, of 
Ceuloxton Lodge, Vale of Neath, Glamorgan- 
shire, in 1880, and after one unsuccessful 
attempt to enter Farliament, was eleoted in 
the Libéral Unionist înterest as member for 
North Lambeth at the gênerai élection in 1895, 
retiring in 1900, a yectf after receiving the 
honour of knighthood. In 1898 he paid one 
more visit to Africa on the oocaedon of the 

opening of the railway to Bulawayo. Sir Hem 
died on May 10, 1904, and was buried at PL 
bright, lamented by numberless friends, an 
honoured by ail. Beside the book eilread 
referred to, he was the author of '* Coomassi 
and Magdala," *' How I found Livingstone,' 
"In Darkest Africa," "Through the Darl 
Continent," and " Through South Africa." 

STOKES, Gênerai. Sm John, K.C.B., th€ 
gallant soldier who so distinguished himsolf îd 
the Kafir War of 1846, and who did suoh fine 
service for Lord Beaconsfield in connexion with 
the Suez Canal in 1875, was bom when George IV 
was King, and was in his 77th year when he died. 

STRAKOSCH, Rudolph, of Johannesburg, 
was a junior member of the Johannesburg stafi 
of Messrs. A. Goerz & Co., Ltd., He waâ an 
engineer of considérable promise, and came by 
his death on June 7, 1904. 

TARBUTT,'Peroy, late of 23, St. Swithin's 
Lane, London, E.C. who died early in 1904, wa«i 
originally in partnership with Mr. Cecil Quenton. 
The latter some years ago retired from the ôrm, 
and, devoting his leisure to his favourite hobby, 
haâ since become famous in the ya<3hting world. 
Mr. Tsurbutt, on the other hand, haâ died in 
hamess. On his own account he devoted him- 
self more assiduously than ever to business, 
and his directorship of the Consolidated Gold 
Fields of South Africa, which he held till the 
day of his death, was the first of a long séries. 
His capacity for work, his mastery of détail, 
and what may be called his generalship, were so 
remarkablethat he heldsimultaneouslydirector- 
ships of no fewer than twenty four mining 
development, and investment cos., not ail of 
which were African. He waâ ohairman of 
three of those cos. — ^namely, the British 
Gold Coaât Co., Limited ; the Mashonaland 
Agenoy, Limited ; and the Village Reef Gold 
Mining Co. As a director he waa able in 
administration, with the of practic£kl 
skill in mining matters, and he was not the 
sortof man to be esisily infiuenced by timid 
counsels or peevish protests when he had made 
up his mind for what he oonsidered the beat. 

With W. African enterprises, however, he 
had been pre-eminently associated. He was 
a pioneer of the movement for the development 
of W. Africa' s gold resources — a movement 
which, though uneventful for the time being, 
is still fraught with great potentiaUties. Those 
potentialities were foreseen by him befoie the 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

big boom in W. Africans, and, being early in 
the field, with his friend and colleague, Mr. 
Edmund Davis, he had become a Jungle mag- 
nate, with large and widely ramifying interests. 
Professionally, the late Mr. Tarbutt was most 
intimately associated with Mr. Edward Janson, 
his partner in the firm of Tarbutt, Son & 
Janson, civil engineers. 

THOMPSON, W. J., J.P., late of Kippington 
Green, Sevenoaks, Kent, founder of the firm 
of William James & Henry Thompson, Colonial 
brokers, was Chairman of the London Com- 
mercial Sale Booms, Ltd., and of the National 
Discount Co. He was also a Director of the 
African Banking Corporation, the Phœnix 
Assurance Co., and the British and Foreign 
Marine Insurance Co. He built the church at 
Kippington, of which his son, the Rev. H. 
Percy Thompson, is vicar. 

TUDHOPE, HoN. John, late of Dulwich 
Wood Park, XJpper Norwood, was of Scottish 
birth and parentage, and went to S.A. with his 
father and family in 1840. Mr. F. Tudhope 
was one of a band of teachers selected from the 
Scottish Universities to introduce the Herschell 
System of higher éducation, and was for twenty- 
five years the principal of the Pubhc Sch. at 
Grahamstown, where his son was educated. 
Mr. John Tudhope began his business career 
in King Williamstown, then the capital of the 
Crown Colony of British Kaffraria, and took 
an active part with Col. Schermbrucker, Mr. 
Joseph Walker and others in its pubUc affairs. 
He was one of the founders of the British 
Kaffrarian Bank, the Public Library, and other 
local institutions. He afterwards resided in 
Port Elizabeth, Aliwal North and Uitenhage, 
representing the latter division in the Cape | 
Parliament for six years, and becoming a mem- I 
ber of Sir Thomas Uppington's Ministry as 
Colonial Secy. in 1885. This post he occupied 
for four and a-half years, and during that time 
identified himself with educational and agricul- 
tural measures of great benefit to the country. 
Amongst other things, he introduced, not with- 
out considérable opposition, the first Scab Act ; 
the Agricultural Coll. at Groot Constantia was 
begun under his Ministerial control ; and he was 
instrumental in introducing farm schools and 
other useful and progressive measures in the 
Education Dept. over which he presided. 

In 1889 he resigned his position to take up 
the important post of General Manager of the 
newly formed Johannosbiu*g Consohdated In- 

vestment Co., a concem which has grown froxn 
modest beginnings to a financiekl institution of 
the first importance during Mr. Tudhope* s con- 
nexion with it. During his résidence in Johan- 
nesburg he soon became identified with the 
poUtical movements then beginning to agitate 
the Transvaal under the old régime. He was 
the first Près, of the now celebrated Transvaal 
National Union, and occupied that position 
during two and a-half exciting yecurs, when he 
retired in faveur of Chsurles Léonard. He 
thoroughly identified himself with the publie 
life of Johannesburg, taking part in many useful 
movements. He was Chairman of the Public 
Library for" four years; on the Managing Com- 
mittee of the fine Hospital for a simileur period ; 
chief of the Caledonian Society for several years, 
and belonged to many other bodies of a useful 
and philanthropie character. He subsequently 
retumed to England to take up the managC' 
ment of the Johannesburg Consohdated Invest- 
ment Co. He contributed articles to the Press, 
was a Member of the Council of the Royal 
Colonial Institute, and frequently figured on 
its platform as a speaker on S.A. subjects. He 
died at his résidence on Dec. 22, 1903. 

UNSWORTH, Dr. Noël, late of the Egyptian 
Médical Service, was an English doctor who was 
formerly a médical officer in the disesises of the 
skin department of St. Thomas' Hospital, and 
was also Asst. Médical Offîcer at Paddington 
Infirmary. He received his récent appoint- 
ment as Résident Asst. Surgeon at the Kasr-el- 
Aini Hospital at Cairo in 1902, and died of 
plague at Zagazig July 10, 1904. 

VERNON, Brevet Major Hubert, D.S.O., 
was bom in 1867, and was second son of Sir 
Harry Foley Vemon, Bart., and Lady Gïeorgina 
Vemon, of Hanbury Hall, near Droitwich. 
He joined the Rifie Brigade as Second Lient. 
in 1888, and was promoted lieut. in 1891, 
obtaining his company in 1896, and his brevet 
majorityinl900. He served with Sir Frederick 
Carrington's force in S.A. in 1896, and re- 
ceived the D.S.O. During the late Boer War 
he was Aide-de-Camp to Major-Gen. F. Howard, 
and Deputy Asst. Adjutant-Gen. He met bis 
death as the resuit of a polo accident at Pre- 
toria in 1902. 

WELDON, Capt. Thomas Hamu/ton, K.E.» 
late of Pretoria, Transvaal, was bom in 1864, 
was second son of the late Sir Anthony Groadill 
Weldon, Bart., of Rahinderry and Kilmoronyp 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


co. Kildare, Ireland, and was fonnerly attached 
to the Portsmouth Division of the Submarine 
Miners. During the Greco-Tiirkish War of 
1897 and the Sudan ceunpaign, Capt. Weldon 
represented the " Moming Post" as one of 
their Spécial Correspondents, oontributing a 
séries of graphie accounts of the scènes of which 
he had been a witness. He took part in 
the S.A. Wfiur, afterwsurds settling in Pretoria, 
where he died. 

WARD, Capt. Hon. Reginald, D.S.O., was 
a brother of Earl Dudley, Lord-Lieutenant of 
Ireland ; joined the Royal Horse Guards, and 
saw service in the S.A. War, being twice men- 
tioned in despatches and receiving the D.S.O. 
He was an enthusiastic amateur rider, and on 
one occasion in 1898 at the Grand Military 
Meeting at Sandown Psurk he steered six horses 
to victory out of nine mounts. In the same 
year he came in second on his own horse, 
Cathal, in the Grand National at Aintree. 

WEBLEY, Thomas W., late of Birminghai 
was senior partner in the firm of the Webl< 
& Scott Revolver and Arms Co., Ltd., of tli 
town. He was the son of Philip Webley, 1 
whom he was thoroughly grounded in tl 
teohnical knowledge required in his businet 
He visited S.A. on two or three occasions, €u 
was especially well known in Pretoria, whe 
he encouraged revolver practice, and foundc 
or helped to found, a ladies' shooting club. 
Natal also Mr. Webley was well known. In 1 
later years he devoted considérable attentif 
to gardening, and it was one of his greate 
delights to show to what perfection âoricultu 
could be brought even in Birmingheun. I 
died on Feb. 13, 1904. 

WELLAND, LiETJT. Joseph Rabotea 
R.A.M.C.,M.B., entered the Army Mediced Si 
vice June 29, 1901, and waa killed in acti< 
while serving with the Somaliland Field For 
against the dervishes in Jan., 1904. 



DowNiNQ Street, London, S.W. 

Right Hon. Sir G. Grey, Bart. 

Right Hon. Sydney Herbert, afterwards Lord Herbert of Lea. 

Lord John Russell, afterwards Earl Russell, K.G., G.C.M.G. 

Right Hon. Sir William Molesworth, Bart. 

Right Hon. Henry Labouchore, afterwards Lord Taunton. 

Lord Stanley, afterwards Earl of Derby. 

Right Hon. Sir Edward Bulwer Lytton, Bart., G.C.M.G. 

Duke of Newcastle, K.G. 

Right Hon. Edward Cardwell, afterwards Viscount Cardwol' 

Earl of Camarvon. 

Duke of Buckingham and Chandos. 

Earl Granvile, K.G. 

Eaxl of Kimberley, K.G. 

Earl of C«u:îiarvon. 

Right Hon. Sir Michael E. Hicks-Beach, Beurt. 

Earl of Kimberley, K.G. 

Earl of Derby, K.G. 

Colonel the Right Hon. F. A. Stanlev, now Earl of Derby. 

Earl Granville, K.G. 

Right Hon. Edward Stanhope. 

Right Hon. Sir Henry Thurston Holland, Bart., G.C.M.G.» 

afterwards Viscount Knutsford. 
The Marquess of Ripon, K.G. 
The Right Hon. Joseph Chamberkdn, M.P. 


Seobetaby of State, since Oct. 9, 1903 : — The Right Hon. Alfbed Lyttelton, K.C., M.P. 
Private Secjbetaby : — Bernabd H. Holland. 

Assistant Pbivate Secbetabies : — E. H. Marsh, Conrad Russell and J. Reginald Bankxn 
Parll/lmentaby Under Secretary: — The Duke or Marlborouqh, K.G. 
Private Secretary : — T. C. Macnaghten. 

Perbianent XJnder Secretary :— Sir M. F. Ommanney, K.C.M.G. 
Private Secretary: — C. T. Davis. 

Assistant Undeb Secbetabies : — F. Gbaham, C.B. {for South African Affaira), C. P. Lucas, CB.» 

H. B. Coz, C.B. {legcU), R. L. Antbobus, C.B. 
Depabtment fob Cape of Good Hope, Natal, etc., etc. : — 
Officera ;— H. W. Just, C.B., C.M.G., G. V. Fiddes, C.B., H. C. M. Lambebt, G. E. A. QmxDLm, 
W. A. BioBmsoN» D. O. Malcolm, R. H. Gbiffin. 


1864. : 





May 15. 
July 21. 
Nov. 17. 

1 858. 

Feb. 26. 


May 31. 
Jime 18. 


April 4. 
Julv 6. 


Mar. 8. 


Dec. 10. 


July 6. 
Feb. 21. 


Feb. 4. 



April 28. 
Dec. 16. 


June 24. 


Fob. 6. 



Aug. 3. 
Jan. 12. 


Aug. 18. 
June 28. 

202 Anglo-African Who's Who 



The following is the list of the Govemors of the Colony since its first acquisition by Great 
Brîtain in 1795 : — 

Whilst in possession of Oreat Britain, 
1795. J. H. Oraig. 

1797. Earl Macartney. 

1798. Sir Francis Dundas (Lieut.-Govemor). 

1799. Sir George Young. 

1801. Sir Francis Dundas (Lieut.-Govemor). 

Urtder the Batavian Government. 
1803. J£in Willem Janssena. 

British Government. 

1806. Sir David Baird. 

1807. Hon. H. G. Grey (Lieut.-Govemor). 
1807. Earl of Caledon. 

1811. Hon. H. G. Grey (Lieut.-Grovemor). 

1811. Sir John Francis Cradock. 

1813. Hon. Robert Meade (Lieut.-Govemor). 

1814. Lord Charles Henry Somerset. 

1820. Sir Rufane Shaw Donkin {acting during the absence of Lord Charles 


1821. Lord Charles Henry Somerset, retumed. 
1826. Richard Bourke (Lieut.-Govemor). 
1828. Hon. Sir Galbraith Lowry Cole. 

1834. Lient. -Colonel T. F. Wade (acting Govemor). 

1834. Sir Benjamin D'Urban. 

1836. Sir Andries Stockenstrom, Bart. (Lieut.-Govemor of the Eastem Province). 

1838. Sir George Thomas Napier, K.C.B. 

1839. Colonel John Hare (Lieut.-Govemor of the Eastem Province). 
1843. Sir Peregrine Maitland. 

1847. Major-General the Right Hon. Sir Henry Pottinger, Bart. 

1847. Sir H. F. Young, Kt. (Lieut.-Govemor of the Eeistem Frovinoe). 

1847. Lient. -General Sir Henry G. W. Smith, Bart. 

1852. Lient. -General the Hon. G. Cathcart. 

1852. Ch. H. DarHng (Lieut.-Govemor). 

1854. Sir George Grey, K.C.B. 

1859. Lient. -Greneral R. H. Wjmyard, C.B. (Lieut.-Govemor). 

1861. Sir Phihp Edmond Wodehouse, K.C.B. 

1870. Sir Henry Barkly, K.C.B. 

1877. Sir H. Bartle E. Frère, Bart., G.C.B., G.C.S.L 

1881. Sir Hercules G. R. Robinson, G.C.M.G. 

1889. Sir H. B. Loch, G.C.M.G., K.C.B. 

1895. The Right Hon. Sir Hercules G. R. Robinson, Bart., G.C.M.G. (oreated 

Lord Rosmead, 1896). 

1897. Sir Alfred Milner, G.C.B., G.C.M.G. (created Viscount Milner, 1902). 

Administratore (in the absence of the Governor), 

1880. Major-General Sir H. H. Clifford, V.C, K.C.M.G. 

1880. Major Sir G. C. Strahan, K.C.M.G. 

1883. Lieut.-Gen. Hon. Sir Leicester Smjrth, K.C.M.G., C.B. 

1886. Lieut.-Gen. H. D'Oyley Torrens, C.B. 

1889. Lieut.-Gen. H. A. Smyth, C.M.G. 

1891 and 1892. Lieut.-Gen. W. G. Cameron, C.B. 

1894. General Sir William G. Cameron, K.C.B. 

The Cape Colonial Government 

1895 and 1896. Lieut.-Oen. W. H. Gk)odenoiigh, C.B. 

1897. Lieut.-Gen. Sir W. H. Gk)odenough, K.C.B. 

1898. Major-Gen. George Cox. 

1898-99. Lieut.-Gen. Sir W. F. Butler, K.C.B. 



MiLiTABY Secretary : — Lteut.-Col. THE HoN. W. Lambton, D.S.O., Coldstream Guf 

Private Secretary (acting) : — G. G. Robinson. 

Aide-db-Camp : — Libut. Lord Henry Seymotjr, Grenadier Guards. 


Note. — Members of the Executive CouncU are entitled to be styled ** Honourable " 


His ExcEiiLENCY THE HoN. SiR Walter Francis Hely-Hutchinson, G.C.M.G. 
Sir Walter Hely-Hutchinson assumed office on March 6, 1901, by virtue o£ a Commission 
February 9 of that year. 


{Formed February 22, 1904). 
Premier, withotjt Portfolio : — Dr. Hon. L. S. Jameson. 


Colonial Secretary: — Colonel Hon. C. P. Crewe. 
Treasurer: — Hon. E. H. Walton. 
Attorney-Genbral : — Hon. Victor Samfson. 
Secretary for AaiiicuLTuitE: — Hon. A. J. Fuller. 



WiUiam Downes Griffith, 1866 (March 24). 

The Right Honourable Sir John Henry de Villiers, P.C., K.C.M.G., 1872 (Deceml 

Chief Justice, 
Charles Abiercrombie Smith, M.A., 1872 (December 2). 
John Xavier Merriman, M.L.A., 1875 (July 14). 
WiUiam Ayliff, 1878 (February 8). 
John Laing, M.L.A., 1878 (February 21). 
James Weston Léonard, K.C., 1881 (January 28). 
Sir Thomas Charles Soanlen, K.C.M.G., 1881 (May 9). 
Charles WiUiam Hutton, M.L.A., 1881 (May 9). 
Jacobus WiUielmus Sauer, M.L.A., 1881 (May 9). 
John Hendrik Hofmeyr, 1881 (May 9). . 
Sir Jacobus Albertus de Wet, K.C.M.G., 1884 (May 13). 
Sir James Rose Innés, K.C.M.G., K.C., M.L.A., 1890 (July 17). 
Sir James Sivewright, K.C.M.G., M.A., 1890 (July 17). 
WiUiam PhiUp Schreiner, C.M.G., K.C., 1893 (May 4). 
Sir Henry Hubert Juta, Kt., K.C., M.L.A., 1803 (Deoranber 28). 
Dr. ThomaA Nioolas German Te Water, M.L.A., 1896 (January 17). 
Albertus Johaimes Herholdt, M.L.C., 189S (October 14). 
Dr. Thomas WilUam Smartt, M.L.A., 1898 (May 19). 
Sir Richard Solomon, K.C.M.G., K.C., M.L.A., 1898 (October 14). 
Olerk to thé CouncU ;— ^Charles Henry PenneU, 1882 (Colonial Service, 1868). 


Anglo-African Who's Who 


Showing the différent Ministries since the establishment of Responsible Government, also dates 

of appointment to and retirement from office. 



Premier and Colonial Secretary 
Treasurer of the Colony . 
Attomeys- General 

Commissioners of Crown Lands 

and Public Works 
Secretary for Native Affaira 

{Duration, 5 yeare 2 moniha.) 


J. C. Molteno, M.L.A. . 
H. White, M.L.C. . . . 
J. H. de VilUera, M.L. A. * . 
S. Jacobs, M.L.A. 
A. Stockenstroin, M.L.A. . 
C. Aberc. Smith, M.L.A.f 
J. X. Merriman, M.L.A. 
C. Brownlee, M.L.A. J . 

* Appointed Chief Justice, December 18, 1873. 

t Appointed ControUer and Auditor-General, July 20, 

X Appointed Chief Magistrate, Griqualand East, December 


Iflt Dec, 1872 5th 

Ist Dec, 1872 5th 

Ist Dec, 1872 17th 

24th Dec, 1873 21st 

22nd Aug., 1877 5th 

Ist Dec, 1872 19th 

20th July, 1875 6th 

Ist Dec, 1872 5th 





25, 1878. RetiredNovemberS, 1884. 

(Duration, 3 y car 8 3 months.) 

Premier and Colonial Secretary 
Treasurera of the Colony 


6th Feb., 1878 
6th Feb., 1878 
9th Sept., 1880 
6th Feb., 1878 
28th Jan., 1881 

6th Feb., 1878 
6th Feb., 1878 
9th Sept., 1880 
§ Continued to attend Executive Councils until résignation of this Ministry. 

J. Grordon Sprigg, M.L.A. 
J. Miller, M.L.C. 
H. W. Peareon, M.L.A. 
Thos. Upington, M.L.A. . 
J. W. Léonard, M.L.A. . 

Commissioner of Crown Lands 

and Public Works . . . . J. Laing, M.L.A. 

Secretary for Native Afîairs . W. AylS, M.L.A. 

Minister without portfolio . . J. MiUer, M.L.C.§ 

8th May, 1881 

8th Sept., 1880 

8th May, 1881 

27th Jan., 1881 

8th May, 1881 

8th May, 1881 

8th May, 1881 

8th May, 1881 

Premier jj . . 

Colonial Secretaries 

{Duration, 3 years.) 

T. C. Scanlen, M.L.A. . 
J. C. Molteno, M.L.A. . 

Treasm'era of the Colony 

T. C. Scanlen, M.L.A. 
. . C. W. Hutton, M.L.C. 
C. J. Rhodes, M.L.A. 
Attomeys-General . . . . T. C. Scanlen, M.L.A. 

J. W. Léonard, M.L A. 
Commissioner of Crown Lands 

and Public Works . 
Secretary for Native Affaira 
Minister without portfolio 

9th May, 1881 
9th May, 1881 
Ist July, 1882 
9th May, 1881 
20th Mch., 1884 
9th May, 1881 
Ist July, 1882 




9th May, 1881 
9thMay, 1881 
9th May, 1881 

J. X. Merriman, M.L.A. 
J. W. Sauer, M.L.A. 

J. H. Hofmeyr, M.L.A. . ^, 

On taking office assumed the portfolio of Attomey-General, but upon the 
J. C. Molteno became Colonial Secretary. 

{Duration, 2 yeara 6 monthe,) 

12th May, 1884 

12th May, 1884 

30th Nov., 1881 

retirement of Sir 

Premier and Attomey-General . 
Colonial Secretaries .... 

Treasurer of the Colony 
Commissioner of Crown Lands 
and Public Works .... 
Secret€u:y for Native Affaira 

Thos. Upington, M.L.A. 
J. Ayliff, M.L.A. 
J. Tudhope, M.L.A. 
J. Grordon Sprigg, M.L.A. 

F. Schermbrucker, M.L.C. 
J. A. de Wet, M.L.A. 

13th May, 1884 

13th May, 1884 

4th Mch,, 1885 

13th May, 1884 




24th Nov., 1886 

3rd Moh., 1886 

24th Nov., 1886 

24th Nov., 1886 

24th Nov., 1886 
24th Nov., 1886 

Cape Ministries 

{Duration, 3 yeara 8 months.) 




Premier and Treas. of the Colony J. Gordon Sprigg, M.L. A. 
Colonial Secretaries . . . . J. Tudhope, M.L. A. 

H. W. Pearson, M.L. A. 

Attomey-G^neral .... 

Commissioner of Crown Lands 

and Public Works * . . . 

Secretary for Native Affaira f • 

Thos. Upington, M.L. A. 

25th Nov., 1886 
25th Nov., 1886 
23rd Sept., 1889 
25th Nov., 1886 

25th Nov., 1886 
25th Nov., 1886 

F. Schermbrucker, M.L. A. . 
J. A. de Wet, M.L. A. . 

* A momber of the Législative Council from 1883 to 1888, when he resigned 
a niember of the House of Assemblv. 

t Appointed H.M.'s Agent in the South African Republic (Transvaal). 

16th J 
16th J 
16th J 

16th J 
31st ]V 

and w 

. 17th July, 


3rd IV 

. 17th July, 


3rd A 

. 17th July, 


3rd Ikf 

. 17th July, 


3rd ]V! 

. 17th July, 


23rd Si 

. 24th Sept., 


3rd M 

. 17th July, 
• • j^ fil 1 


3rd -M 


{Duration, 2 years 10 months.) 

Premier Cecil J. Rhodes, M.L. A. 

Colonial Secretary . . . . J. W. Sauer, M.L. A. 

Treasurer of the Colony . . . J. X. Memman, M.L. A. 

Attomey-General . . . . J. Rose Innés, M.L. A. . 

Commissionera of Crown Lands Cecil J. Rhodes, M.L. A. 

and Public Works J . . . J. Sivewright, M.L.A. . 

Secretary for Native Affaira . P. H. Faure, M.L.A. 

% Sir James Sivewright took office on July 17, 1890, as a Minister without a portfolio. 


{Duration, 2 yeara 8 montha.) 

Premier Cecil J. Rhodes, M.L.A. . 

Colonial Secretary . . . . P. H. Faure, M.L.A. 
Treasurer § J. Gordon Sprigg, M.L.A. 

W. P. Schreiner, M.L. A. 
Attomoys-General . . . . H. H. Juta, M.L.A. 

W. P. Schreiner, M.L.A. 

J. Laing, M.L. A. 

J. Frost, M.L.A. 

J. Frost, M.L.A. 

§ Titlo altered by Act No. 14 of 1893. 

![ By Act No. 14 of 1893, the office of Secretary for Native Affaira was abolished, t] 
being discharged by the Prime Minister, or another Minister. 

Commissioner of Public Works 
Secretary for Native Affaira 
Secretary for Agriculture 

4th May, 


12th J^ 

5th May, 


12th J; 

4th May, 


12th Jj 

4th May, 


27th D 

. 28th Dec, 



. lOth Sept., 


12th Ji 

8th May, 


12th J. 

8th May, 


llth Se 

. 12th Sept., 


12th J; 

{Duration, 2 yeara 9 morU?^.) 

Premier and Treewurer . 

Colonial Secretaries . 

• • 

Conmiissioner of Public Works 
Secretary for Agriculture 

J. Gordon Sprigg, M.L.A 
T. Te Water, M.L. . 
T. W. Smartt, M.L.A. 
T. Upington, M.L.A. 
T. L. Graham, M.L.C. 
J. Sivewright, M.L.A. 
P. H. Faure, M.L.A. 







Anglo-African Who's Who 

{Duratwn, 1 year 8 rnorUhs.) 


Premier and Colonial Secretary. 


Attomey-General .... 
Commissionor of Public Works. 
Secret€ury for Agriculture 
Minister without portfolio . 


W. P. Schreiner, M.L.A. 

J. X. Merrijnan, M.L.A. 

R. Solomon, M.L.A. 

J. W. Sauer, M.L.A. 

A. J. Herholdt, M.L.C.. 

T. Te Water, M.L.A. . 


l-lth Oot., 1898 

14th Oct., 1898 

14th Oct., 1898 

14th Oct., 1898 

14th Oct., 1898 

14th Oct., 1898 


17th June, 
17th June, 
17th June, 
17th June, 
17th June, 
17th June, 


Premier and Treasurer 
Colonial Secretariea . 

Attomey-Gtenerals . . . , 
Oommissioners of Public Works , 
Secretaries for Agriculture . 
Minister without portfolio 


. J. Gordon Spricjc:, M.L.A. . ISth June, 1900 

. T. L. Graham, M.L.C. . . ISth June, 1900 

A. Doughiss, M.L.A. . . 19th Feb., 1902 

P. H. Faure, M.LA. . . 30th May, 1902 

. J. Rose Innos, M.L.A.. . ISth June, 1900 

T. L. Graham, M.L.C. . . 19th Feb., 1902 

T. W. Smartt, M.L.A. . . 18th June, 1900 

A. Douglas, M.L.A. . . . 30th May, 1902 

P. H. Faure, M.L.A. . . 18th June, 1900 

J. Frost, M.L.A. . . . 30th May, 1902 

J. Frost, M.L.A. . . . ISth June, 1900 

ISth Feb., 1902 
29th May, 1902 

ISth Feb., 1902 

29th May, 1902 

29th May, 1902 

29th May, 1902 


Note. — AU members of the Législative Council are entitled to the prefix " Honourable " as 
long as they remain membors. 

Président: — Right Hox. Sir J. H. de Villiers, P.C., K.C.M.G. 

Chairman op Committees : — (Vacant). 

Clerk of THE Council : — H. P. B. Clarke. 

Clerk of Papers and Commtttee Clerk : — M. J. Green. 

XJsHER of the Black Rod : — Hon. R. P. Botha. 

Note. — In the folio wing alphabetical lists of M.L.C s and M.L.A.* s, F dénotes Progressive 

party, B Bond, and I 

Barrable, D. S. 
Bayly, Colonel, Z. S. . 
Bellingan, P. S. 
Claassens, H. J. H. 
Dempers, H. J. 
De Smidt, A. G. 
De VilHers, P. D. 
Du Toit, J. F 
Graaff, J. A. C. 
Hurndall, R. F. 
Kohler, C. W. H. 
Graham, T. L. 
Lewis, C. A. Owen 


Eastem Circle P 
Eastem Circle P 
South-Eastem Circle B 
Midland Circle B 
South-Westem Circle B 
South-Westem Circle P 
Midland Œrcle P 
Midland Circle B 
North- Western Circle B 
South Eastem Circle P 
Western Circle P 
Western Circle P 
North-Westem Circle P 

Logan, J. D. . 
Michau, P. W. . . 
Petersen, A. H., Dr.. 
Pyott, John . 
Protorius, M. J. . 
Rodgers, W. . . . 

Ross, W 

Smith, G. D. . . . 
Stockenstrôm, Sir G. H. 
Strachan, Donald 
Van Zyl, H. C. . . 
Van Zyl, I. J. . . 
Wilmot, A. . . . 

Western Circle P 
North-Eastem Circle B 
Western Circle I 
South-Eastem Circle P 
North-Eastem Cirole B 
Eastem Circle B 
Grîqualand West P 
British Bechuanaland P 
North-Eastem Circle P 
Eastem Circle P 
South-Westem Cirole B 
North-Westem Cirole B 
South-Eastem Œrole P 

Cape Législative Assembly 

Spbakeb: — HoN. Sib W. B. Berry, Kt. 


Clerk- Assistant : — G. R. Hopmeyr. 

Sergeant-at-Arms : — J. D. Ensor. 

Shorthand Wbiter and Committee Clerk : — A. G. D'Arc y. 


Abrahamson, L. . 
Adendorff, A. R. 
Andereon, Thomas 

Badenhorst, F. 
Badenhorst, J. F. 
Bailey, Abe 
Bailey, Amos 
Bam, Capt. P. C. van B. 
Bock, Dr. Johannes 
Hendricus Meiring. 
Berry, Hon. Sir W. 
Bisset .... 
Blaine, G<îorge 
Burton, Henry 
Cartwright, John Dean 
Cillie,Petnis Johannes 
Cloete, Hendrîck, 


Crewe, Colonel Charles 

Preston, C.B. . 
Cronwrigh t-Schreiner 
Crosbie, W. . . . 
Currey, H. L. . . 
Davel, F. R. . . . 
Do Béer, M. J. 
DeKok, J. W. . . 
De Waal, Nicolaas 

Frederick . 
Dugmore, G. E. . 
Du Plessis, Andrus 

Stephanus . 
Du Plessis, David 

Du Plessis, Matthew 

Faure, Hon. Sir Pieter 
Hendrik, K.C.M.G. 

Foster, J 

Frost, Hon. John, 
C.M.G. . . . 

Fuller, Arthur John . 
Ofitrlick, George . 
Graaf, Johannes Jac- 

obus Amoldus . 
Haarhoff, D. J. . 

Cape Town F 
FortBeaufort B 

Cape Town F 
Swelleudam B 
Rivorsdale B 
Barkly West F 
Woodstock F 
Cape Town F 

Worcest«r B 

Queenstown F 
Cathcart F 
Albert B 
Cape Town F 
Paarl B 

Wynburg F 

AUwalNorth F 
Boaufort West B 
Vryburg F 
George B 
Graafi-Reinet B 
Picquetberg B 
Mafeking F 

Coles^berg B 
Wodehouse F 

Albert B 

Middelburg B 

Cradock B 

Namctqualcmd F 
Oudtshoom B 

Queenstown F 
Tembuland F 
Cape Town F 

Worcester B 
Bamberley F 

Harris, Colonel D. 

HelUer, J 

Hewat, Dr. John . 

Hoffmann, Dr. Jonaf) 

j£U3rger, J. N. Wm. . 

Jameson, Dr. Leander 
StCUT .... 

Juta, Hon. Sir Henry 
Hubert, Kt., K.C.. 

King, Thos. Bumham 

Krige, — 

Krige, Gideon Johan- 

Kuhn, Peter Gysbert . 

Lawrence, James 

Lee, Charles . 

Lotter,Caspar Jacobus 

Maasdorp G. H. . 

Molan, François Ste- 
phanus .... 

Marais, Johannes Hen- 
ock .... 

Michell, Sir Lewis . 

Michau, J. J. . 

Molteno, James Ton- 
nant .... 

Niland, B ... 

Oats, Francis 

Oliver, H. A. . . . 

Oosthuizen, Okkert 
Almero .... 

Orsmond, M. C. . 

Orpen, Redmond 

Powrie, F. ... 

Rabidge, W. . 

Rabie, Dirk de Vos . 

Raubenheimer, H. J. 

Redemeyer, Jacobus 

Runcimcun, Willieun . 

Sfiunpson, Victor, K.C. 

Schoeman, Johannes 
Hendrick . 

Sohreiner, Theophilas 

Searle, Charles 

Barkly West F 
East London F 
Woodstock F 

Paarl B 
Cape Town F 

Grahan:istown F 

Port Elizabeth F 
Victoria Eost F 
Caledon B 

Stellenbosch B 
Victoria West B 
Kimberley F 
Uitenhage F 
Jansenville B 

Malmesbury B 

Stellenbosch B 
Wynberg F 
Riversdale B 

Somerset Esist B 
FortBeaufort F 
Namaqualand F 
Kimberley F 

Jansenville B 
AliwalNorth F 
Prieska F 
Wodehouse F 
Vryburg F 
Worcester B 
George B 

Humansdorp B 
Simon'sTown F 
Albany F 

Oudtshoom B 
Tembuland P 
George B 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

Searle, James 

Silborbauer, W. . 

Slater, J 

Smartt, Dr. T. H. . 

Smuts, Jacobus Abra- 
ham .... 

Stead, Arthur 

Stiglingh, J. H. . 

TheroD, Thomas Phi- 
lippus .... 

Thomas, William 

Thome, W. . . . 

Tod, C. E. . . . 

Van der Men\>\ Franz 

Van Heerden, Hercu- 
les Christian 

Port Elizabeth F 
Kichmond B 
Victoria Eaat F 
East London F 

Malmosbury B 
Kimberley F 
Picquetberg B 

Kichmond B 
Albany P 
Cape Town F 
Griqualand East F 

Clanwilliam B 

Cradock B 

Van Zyl, Dirk Jacobus 

Vanes, Dr. Arthur 
Bayley . . 

Venter, M. M. 

Viljoen, Dr. . 

Visser, A. G. . 

Vosloo, A. 

Walton, Edgar Harris 


WTiitaker, Gteorge 

Wolfardt, George 

Sébastian . 

Wood, Henry 

Wynne, James 

Zietsman, Louis Fred- 


Clanwilliam B 

Uitenhage P 
Colesberg B 
Caledon B 
Victoria West B 
Somerset East B 
Port Elizabeth P 
BeaufortWeat B 
Kingwillifiunstown. P 

Swellendam B 
Grahamstown P 
Port Elizabeth P 

GrîqueJand East P 


Parliamentary Dbaughtsman : — J. A. Jotjbebt. 
LiBBAMAN : — William Flint, D.D. 


GovERNOB op Cape Colony : — His Excetxency the Hon. Snt Walteb Fbakcis 

Hely-Hutchinson, G.C.M.G. 
Private Secretaby : — H. W. B. Robinson. 
Colonial A.D.C. and Military Seoretary : — Major Jas. Deanb, C.M.Q. (Royal 

Extra A.D.C. : — Capt. W. A. Gordon (Worcester Régiment). 
Clerks : — J. F. Smuts ; H. G. Watson. 


Prime IVIinister, Dr. Hon. L. S. Jameson, C.B. 
Secretary, S. Cowper, C.M.G. 

Assistant Secretary, T. B. Stenhouae 
Clerks, R. S. Holland ; C. T. Coldswain. 


Secretary to the Native Affairs Department, 

W. G. Cunmaing. 
Chief Clerk, E. E. Dower. 
Clerks, R. D. H. Barry, S. de la C. Snooke, 

F. S. Heaton, J. S. le Roux. 
Accoiuiting Officer, W. G. Cumming. 
Accountant and Accounting Officer for Revenue, 

W. B. Gordon. 
Assistant Accountant, P. S. Laney. 
Chief Examiner of Accounts, W. G. Morris. 

Inspectora of Native Locations. 
Chief Inspecter, S. H. Roberts. 
Albany, G. E. Nightingale. 
Albert, W. T. Dell. 
Alexandria, J. F. F. Bowker. 
Barkly West, W. H. Hall. 
Bathurst, J. N. Cock. 

Bedford, J. A. Stratford. 

Cape (Ndabeni), C. C. Stubbs, E. C. Allman and 

J. H. M. SwÉîeney. 
East London, W. R. EUis, C. B. Bousfield, 

and O. H. R. Nicholls. 
Fort Beaufort, R. D. Henry. 
Glen Grey, W. P. Jones, B. D. Musgrave. 
Hay, J. A. Louw. 
Herbert, C. E. H. Orpen. 
Herschel, C. J. Dovey, A. G. Aufiten. 
Humansdorp, H. F. W. Maynier. 
Kimberley — Chief Registrar of Servants» E. 

W. H. Morris. 
Protector ol Natives, G. W. Bamea. 
King Williamstown — Spécial Magistrale. R. X 

Middledrift, J. S. Cumming. 

Cape Colony, Native Affairs 

Keîskeuna Hoek, L. G. H. Talnton. 
Komgha, Jesse Hill. 
Kuruman, J. P. McCarthy. 
Mafeking, C. S. Pringle. 
Middelburg, C. M. G. Clough. 
Peddie — Location A., J. B. Hartloy. 

Location B., J. T. Brent. 
Port Elizabeth, Thomas Dent and W. H. Quirk. 
Queenstown — Whittlesea, F. J. Evens. 

Kamastone, H. B. B. Boberts. 
Somerset East, J. P. Cimiming. 
Stutterheim, J. P. Cochrane. 
Taiing, Godfrey Shepherd. 
Uitenhage, H. S. Fynn. 
Victoria East, J. B. Liefeldt. 
Vryburg, C. St. Quintin. 
Wodehouse, H. M. Nicholls. 
Johannesburg, Literpreter to Labour Agent, 
G. Nongalazo. 

Transkeian Territobies. 

Chief Magistrate, W. E. M. Stanford, C.B., 

Assistant Magistrate, A. H. B. Stanford. 
Chief Clerk, H. P. TiUard. 
Accoimtant, Lin Dillon. 
Assist. Accountant, E. J. Hargreaves. 
Res. Magistrate, BtUterworth, W. T. Brownlee. 
Clerk and Asst. Res. Magistrate, O. M. Blakeway . 
Res. Magistrate, Ngatnakwe, C. J. W€tmer. 
Clerk and Asst. Res. Magistrate, R. J. Macleod. 
Res. Magistrate, Tsomo, W. J. G. Thomson. 
Clerk and Asst. Res. Magistrate, H. D. Lloyd. 
Res. Magistrate, Idutywa, J. P. Cumming. 
Clerk and Asst. Res. Magistrate, F. W. B. Gil- 

Res. Magistrate, Kentani, N. O. Thompson. 
Clerk and Asst. Res. Magistrate, W. J. Vlok. 
Res. Magistrate, WiUovwale, M. W. Liefeldt. 
Clerk and Asst. Res. Magistrate, F. N. Doran. 
Res. Mcigistrate. Umtata, A. H. B. Stanford. 
Clerk and Asst. Res. Magistrate, A. E. Gilfillcui. 
Res. Mcigistrate, Engcobo, C. A. King. 
Clerk and Asst. Res. Magistrate, C. E. Warner. 
Res. Magistrate, Xalanga, F. E. C. Bell. 
Clerk, G. E. L. Pabner. 

Res. Magistrate, EUioty H. H. Bunn. 

Clerk, H. G. Eedes. 

Res. Magistrate, St. Mark' s, Capt. E. J. Whindi 

First Clerk £uid Asst. Res. Magis., E. J. Russe 

Res. Magistrate, MqandiUi, L. F. E. Farrant. 

aerk and D.S., G. C. C. M. Gladwin. 

Res. Magistrate, ElUotdale, W. T. Hargreav< 

Res. Magistrate, Port St. JàhrCs, W. J. St. 

Clerk and D.S., H. H. Catherine. 
Res. Magistrate, Luaikiaiki, J. S. Simpson. 
Clerk and Asst. Res. Magistrate, G. Jeffery. 
Res. Magistrate, Flagstaff, J. H. Roose. 
Clerk and Asst. Res. Magistrate, R. C. Heathcot 
Res. Magistrate, Tabanktdu, T. W. C. Norton 
Clerk, R. H. Wilson. 

Res. Magistrate, Bizana, Major H, Sprigg. 
Clerk and D.S., B. E. Cotterell. 
Res. Magistrate, Libode, J. C. Gamer. 
Clerk and Asst. Res. Magistrate, W. F. i 

Res. Magistrate, Ngqeleni, J. W. Morris. 
Clerk and Asst. Res. Magis. ,W. H. P. Freemantl 

East Gbiqualand. 

A. CM., East Griqualand and Pondoland Eas 
and R.M., Mount Currie, R. W. Stanford, 

Asst. Res. Magistrate, J. M. Young. 

Res. Magistrate, Mount Ayliff, A. S. Leary. 

Clerk and Asst. Res. Magis. and D.S., E. Barret 

Res. Magistrate, UrmimkiUuy F. E. H. Guthri< 

Asst. Resk Magis. and D.S., H. E. F. White. 

Res. Magistrate, Qumbu, T. C. A. Rein. 

Clerk and Asst. Res. Magistrate, G. M. £ 

Res. Magistrate, Tealo, A. Gladwin. 

Clerk, W. M. CarUsle. 

Res. Magistrate, Mount Frère, W. P. Leary. 

Asst. Res. Magis. and D.S., W. C. H. B. Gamei 

Res. Magistrate, Matatiele, J. F. C. Rein. 
,, „ Maclear, R. L. Shaw. 

Asst. Res. Magis. and D.S., L. C. Pinkerton. 

Res. Magistrate, Mount Fletcher, J. C. Haï 

Clerk and Asst. Res. Magis., H. C. S. Gamer. 


Colonial Seobbtary's Office. 

Colonied Secretary, Hon. Sir P. H. Faure, 

Und. Col. S**cretary, Noël Janisoh. 
Asst. Und. Col. Sec, H, B. Shawe. 

Adminvitrative and Conv-ict Branch. 

Chief Clerk, H. Tucker. 
Principal Clerk, N. H. M. Cola 

Accounting OflScer, E. G. Rondell. 
Accountant, A. A. Beck. 

Local Oovemment and Health Branch, 

Med. Officer of Health for the Colony, Dr. A. J 

Assistant do. do., Dr. J. A. Mitchell. 
Bacteriological Asst., Dr. G. W. Robertson. 
Médical Im^pector, Dr. D. C. Rees. 



Anglo-African Who's Who 

Chief Clerk, L. Dale. 

Principal Clerk, W. G. R. Murray. 

Statiatical Branch. 

R^gistrar-Qeneral of Statistics, A. C. Dale, I.S.O. 
Principal Clerk, A. J. Brinton. 
Chief Examiner, A. F. F. Schaiffenorth. 
Chief Tabulator of Births and Marriages, 

C. W. Smit. 
Chief Tabulator of Diseases, W. C Titterton. 
Tabulator of Diseases, W. Johnstone. 
Deputy-Rogistrar of Births and Deaths, W. 

Assistant Deputy Registrar, W. T. Birch. 

Analytical Branch. 
Senior Analyst, C. F. Juritz, M.A. 
Analyst», J. Lewis, M.A., J. G. Rose, St. C. O. 

Smcltiir, A. J. J. B. Simons, B.A. 
Analyst, Graham's Town, J. Muller, B.A. 

Général and Inapectorate. 
Inspecter of Prisons. H. B. Roper, I.S.O. 
Deputy do., C. W. Cousins. 
Inspecter of Books and Accounts, P. J. Truter. 
Stationery and Printing Expert, C J. Fawcett. 
Inspecter of Police and Gaol Stores, L. A. 

Inspecter of Magazines and Permit Officer, 

A. J. Fuller. 

Col. Historiographer, G. M. Theal, LL.D. 
Keeper of Archives, H. C. V. Leibbrandt. 
Chief Government Inspecter of Explosives, 
J. E. Foakes. 

Stationery and Printing and Dépôt for Police 

and Gaol Stores. 
{Administrative Branch), 
Controller, Noël Janisch. 
Assistant Controller, C. R. W. Farmar. 

{Executive Branch). 
Snperintendent, H. L. C^eed. 
Assistant Superintendent, T. M. Hogan. 


Valkenherg Asylum. 
Insp. of Asyloms and Médical Supt., Dr. W. J. 

Asst. Médical Officer, Dr. E. W. D. Swift. 
Chaplain, CE., Rev. A. Daintree. 

D.R.C., Rev. J. P. de Villiers. 
R.C., Rev. J. Kelly. 



Old Somerset Hoepikd. 
Suigeon-in-Charge, Dr. J. H. Cox. 
Visiting Chaplain, CE., Rev. T. Browning. 

„ D.R.C, Rev. J. B. C. Knobel. 
Superintendent, S. Needham. 

Lock HoapitcUf Cape Town. 
Médical Officer-in-Charge, J. F. Dixon. 

Bobhen Island {Administrative), 
Commissioner, George Piers. 
Chief Clerk and Accountant (absent on spécial 

duty), E. M. Jackson. 
Acting Chief Clerk and Accountant^ F. A. 

Clerk of Asylums, J. T. Taylor. 

Chaplains, CE., C. Engleheart. 
D.R.C, Louis Hugo. 
R.C, W. Leeson. 


{Maie Asylum), 
Médical Supt., R. S. Bla>ck. 

{Maie Leper Wards), 
Asst. Médical Officer, J. K. K. Benjanûn. 

{Works Department), 
Clerk of Works, R. Dannatt. 

Grey Hospital, King WiUiamstown, 
Superintendent, B. Blaine, M.B. 
Cierk and Dispenser, A. O. Taylor. 

Graham*s Town Asylum. 
Médical Superintendent, Dr. T. D. Qreenlees. 
Asst. Médical Officer, Dr. W. L. A. Leslie. 
Chaplain, Rev. Canon Turpin. 

{Chronic Sick Hospital, GrahanCs Town). 
Médical Superintendent, Dr. G. E. Fitzgerald. 
Superintendent, C. S. Webb. 
Chaplain, R.C, Right Rev. Bishop McSherry. 
Wesleyan, J. W. Thompson. 


Port Alfred Asylum. 

Médical Superintendent, W. H. Atherstone. 
Visiting Chaplain, Rev. H. Allen. 

Fort Beaufort Asylum, 
Médical Superintendent, Dr. J. Conry. 
Clerk and Storekeeper, F. C. L. Vogts. 

Emjanyana Leper Asylum, 
Officer-in-Charge, A. C. Bain. 
Résident Médical Officer, C. Q. Casaidy. 

Cape Colonial Secretary's Department 

BacteriologiccU Institute, 
Director, Dr. A. Edington. 
Secretary, T. Hedley, B.A., LL.B. 
Director* s Assistant, C. A. le Doux. 
Senior Assistant, Dr. J. M. Coutts. 

CoNviCT Stations. 


Superintendant, G. C. S. Foster. 

Asst. do. and Acct., A. van der H. de Villiers. 

Deputy Asst. do. and OfiScer in Charge of 

Industries, E. Brcuide. 
Visiting Magistrate, C. W. Broers. 

„ Bleakhouse, R. R. B. Howe. 
Med. Ofïicer, Dr. H. A. Engelbach, M.B. 
,, Bleak Houae, Outstation, 

Dr. W. Hewat. 
Chaplain, CE., Rev. T. Browning. 
D.R.C., Rev. T. F. Dreyer. 
„ R.C., Rev. M. Colgan, D.D. 

Eaat London. 

Superrntendent, Frank Dreyer. 

Chief Clerk and Accountant, Vacant. 

Visiting Magistrate, A. H. Garcia. 

„ Med. Ofïicer, J. B. Anderson. 

,, Chaplain, Rev. A. L. Wright. 

Shark*8 River. 

Acting Superintendent, H. A. van Bart. 
Visiting Magis. (Acting), J. Wylde. 

,, Médical Oflficer, J. G. Uppleby. 

„ Chaplain, Rev. P. R. Mollett. 

Kluitjea KracU, 
Superintendent, J. C. van der Byl. 











Visiting Magistrate, W. Hare. 

Mediced Officer, H. P. Payno. 
Chaplain, E.C., Rev. A. Jeffery. 


Superintendent, H. M. E. Orpen. 
Asst. Superintendent, E. C. Dyason. 


Superintendent, H. M. Dreyer. 
Visiting Magistrate, R. R. B. Howe. 

Médical Officer, Dr. J. H. Neethling. 

Chaplain, Rev. J. A. Campbell. 


Supt. Gen. of Education, T. Muir, C.\ 
LL.D., M.A., F.R.S. 

Secrot€iry, C. Murray, M. A. 

Clerks, J. D. Coley, B.A. ; G. W. Casse, B 
J. Rodger, M.A. ; F. H. Long, P. A. Mil] 

Accounting Officer, A. J. Kuys. 

Accountant, J. Spyker. 

Examiner of Accounts, P. E. Scholtz. 

Deputy Inspectors of Sohools, F. Howe- 
M.A. ; E. Noakes, M.A. ; W. Mihie, V. 
B.Sc, F.R.S.E. ; J. Mitchell ; G. P. The 
B.A. ; C. E. Z. Watormeyer, B.A., LL 
Rev. J. McLaren, M.A. ; J. H. Hofi 
M.A. ; G. Hagen, B.A. ; T. Rein, j. 
Ph.D. ; J. Pressly, M.A. ; T. S. GoUgl 
B.A. ; W. G. Bennio, B.A. ; G. J. R. R< 
J. G. Tooke ; D. Craib, M.A. ; Dr. T. Lo: 
A. G. Macleod ; A. B. Bartmann, Il 
(Relieving Inspecter) ; E. Holden ; O 
S. Satchell, M.A. 



Treasurer, Hon. E. H. Walton. 

Asst. Treas., Accountant-Gon., Receiver-Gren., 

and Paymaster-Gon. of the Colony, W. A. 

Deputy Asst. Treasurer and Accounting Officer, 

B. E. Shepperson. 
Senior Principal Clerk, L. B. Smuts. 
Principal Clerks, A. H. Day, H. T. Piers. 
Asst. Accountants, P. Davidson, P. Raînier, 

G. J. Beyers, W. H. L. Friedriohs. 
First Class Clerks, G. C. J. L. F. Haussmann, 

P. G. van Breda, A. E. du Toit, F. J. G. 

Inspecter of Chests and Accounts, T. F. W. de 

Deputy do., F. S. Staploton. 
Supt. of Licences and Stcunps, G. W. A. Cloete. | 

Assistant Supt. of Licenses cmd Stamps, 

Ledlie, M.A. 
Chiet Distributor of Stamps, A. H. Stubbs. 
Chief Clerk and Inspector, E. A. Thomas. 
Grovemment Actuary and Registrar of Friec 

Soc, J. McGrowcm, B.A., F.I A. 

Agent-General in London. 

Agent-General, T. E. Fuller, C.M.G. 
Private Secretary, B. A. Baggs. 
Secretarj', J. S. B. Todd, C.M.G. 
Assistant Secretciry, T. S. Nightingale. 

FÎTvance Branch. 
Accountant, J. W. Tricker. 
Assistant Accountant, S. J. T. Platts. 
Shorthand and Record Clerk, J. Stephens. 

Stores and Shipping Branch. 
Superintendent, E. G. RendeU. 
Assist. Superintendent, W. D. Tidd. 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

Emigration Braneh. 
Emigration Agent, H. H, Erokine. 

City Braneh. 
Inspoctor at Stamp Factory, T. A. Gates. 


Controllfcr luid Auditor-Goneral, W. E. Gumey. 
As8t. do. and Accounting Ofticer, J. P. Hopkins. 
Inspectors of Accountd, C. B. Fair, W. E. 

Inspectors, W. F. L. Bock, P. E. F. Broers, and 

W. F. L. Bock. 
Chief Examiner of Accoimts, J. S. Stephenson. 
Travelling Inspector, J. M. Corderoy. 
Accountant, G. F. W. Batho. 
First Class Examiners, W. H. Scott and W. H. 



ControUer of Customs and Principal Kegistrar 
of Sliipping and Accounting Officer, A. H. 

Administrative Section. 

Chief Clerk, A. P. Murray. 
Customs Union Clerk, P. A. Myburgh. 
Inspector and Départi. Auditor of Revenue and 

Expenditure, A. J. S. Lewis. 
Accountant and Book-keeper, H. M. Tritton. 
Prin. Statistical Clerk, J. de V. Heckroodt. 
Inspector of Bonded Warehouaea, F. W. M. 

First Class Clerks, G. O. Smith, J. H. G. V. 

Hoets, F. W. Watermeyer, J. G. Bam. 
Exam. of Ships' Papers, W. Thompson. 

ExectUive Section. 

Port of Cape Tovm. 

CoUector of Customs and Registrar of Shippîng, 

H. le Sueur. 
Chief Clerk and Wfirehouse-keeper, J. C. Hoets. 

{Wateraide Braneh). 

Surveyor of Customs, P. G. M. Borcherds. 

Assistant do., I. A. Sampson. 

First Class Examining Ofïicers, E. G. Orpen «md 

T. D. Acheson. 
Inspector of Baggage and Exam. Officer, P. H. 

Berrangé. . 

Port Elizabeth. 

Collector of Customs and Registrar of Shipping, 

C. W. Pearson, I.S.O. 
Chief Clerk and Warehouse Keeper, W. F. 

Second Clerk and Assistant Warehouse Keeper, 

A. Butler. 
Surveyor of Customs, G. C. Chase. 
Assistant do. do., R. J. de Korte, 

Port Alfred. 

Sub-Collector and Examining Offioer, F. G. 

Eaat London, 

Collector of Customs and Registrar of Shippmg, 

G. Hawkins. 
Chief Clerk and Warehouse Keeper, H. C. Kolbe. 

{Waterside Braneh), 

Surveyor of Customs, F. K. Chaae. 

Inland Custobcs. 


Principal Officer of Customs, F. J. Peroival 



Principal Officer of Customs, F. G. W. Croasman. 

Ports and Habboubs. 

Table Bay. 

Nautical Adviser, Capt. W. Stephen (acting). 

{Shipping Office.) 

Shipping Master, A. T. V. Bridge. 

Port NoUath. 

Port Officer, F. Howe-Browne. 

Simon* s Town. 

Port Officer and Shipping Master, T. Bynon. 

Mo88el Boy. 

Harbour Master, Capt. J. L. Dryden. 


Port Officer and Shipping Mastor, W. L. Philpott. 

Port Elizabeth. 

Shipping Master, W. L. Dymott. 

Port Alfred. 

Port Officer, F. C. Garstin. 

Eaat London. 

Shipping Master, W. Hildyard. 

Port St. John* a. 

Port Officer, W. J. St. J. Tumer. 

PosT Office Establishment. 

Postmaster-General, Sir S. R. French, K.C.M.G. 
Secretary, B. M. Duff, I.S.O. 
Asst. Secretary, W. T. Hoal. 
Chief aerk, J. Wilson. 

{Appointmenta Brar^h). 
Principal Clerk, E. A. Sturman. 

{Général Correapondence Braneh)» 
Principal Clerk, W. H. Tiffany. 

{Provincial Poat Office Brcmch). 
Principal Clerk, J. Inch. 

Cape Postal Establishment 


{AccourUing Branch). 

Accountant, R. Henderson. 
Asst. do., D. Stephen. 

{Audit Branch). 

Departmental Auditor and Examiner of Ac- 
counts, J. Fair. 

{Savinga Bank Branch), 

Controller, F. J. Hôhne. 

Aoting Asst. Controller, H. E. H. Perkins. 

{Money Order Office). 

Controller, J. Naylor. 

{Stores Branch). 

Controller of Stores, W. P. Herring. 
Chief Technical Officer, B. Bayly. 

{Engineering Branch.) 

Chief Engineer, J. P. Edwards. 

Assistant Engineer (acting), J. M. Forbes. 

Acting Inspector of Lines, R. Horton. 

{Téléphone Branch.) 
Assistant Engineer, W. Stcuidford. 

Circulation Branch {PostcU Service). 

Controller, J. C. Carstens. 

Assistent Controller, J. Powell. 

Chief Clerk in Charge of Accounts, W. E. Thoma 

{Central Télegraph Office). 

Controller, J. Tasker. 
Assistant Controller, A. Tregarthen. 
Superintendents, F. W. Hampson, J. H. Vi 

{Surveying and Engineering). 

Westebn District — Headquartera, Cape Towi 
Acting Surveyor and District Engineer, E. Prici 

Midland District — Headguarters, Port Eliza 

Surveyor and District Engineer, D. Mackintosh 

Eastern District — Headguarters, East Londoi 
Surveyor and District Engineer, J. F. Smith. 

Northern District — Headguarters, De Aar 
Acting Surveyor and District Engineer, W 

Transkei District — Headguarters, Umtata. 
Acting Surveyor and District Engineer 
I. B. Ha^away. 


Attorney-General's Office, 

Attomey-General, Hon. Victor Sampson, K.C. 
Sec. to the Law Dept., J. J. Graham, CM. G. 
Asst. Sec. to the Law Dept. and Accounting 
Officer, E. F. Lonsdale. 

Administrative Branch. 
Chief Clerk, J. D. Cormack. 

Divisional Courts Branch. 
Principal Clerk, M. Gfiurrett. 

Criminal and Légal Branch. 

Acting Assistant Law Adviser, Howel Jones. 
Additional Légal Advisers, L. G. Nightingale 

and M. O. Evans. 
Chief Clerk, C. W. H. Lansdown. 
Acting Chief Clerk, P. K. A. de Vos, B.A. 
Clerk, E. H. Bisset, B.A., LL.B. 
Chief Clerk, PoUce Branch, D. C. Giddy. 

AccourUing Branch. 

Accountant, F. H. Joubert. 

Assistfiuit Accountant and Bookkeepery C. T. 

Chief Exam. Officer, A. J. R. Wllmot. 
Inspector of District Police, W. S. Bellew. 
Divisional L:ispeotor» F. Withain. 

Suprême Court. 
Registrar's Department. 

Chief Justice, Right Hon. Sir J. H. de Villiers, 

P.C., K.C.M.G. 
Puisne Judges, Hon. Sir E. J. Buchanan, Kt., 

and Hon. C. G. Maasdorp. 
Registrar and Taxing Officer, H. R. Dale. 
Assistant Registrcur, J. H. Gately. 
Interpréter, F. G. Watermeyer. 

High Sheriff*s Department. 
Acting High SheriS, G. A. Rejniolds. 
Acting Chief Clerk, J. C. Hinsbeeck. , 

Master's Department. 
Master, G. A. Re3niolds. 

{Orphan Chamber Branch). 
Acting Chief Clerk, A. I. G. Muller. 
Accountant, F. J. Jansen. 
Acting Accountant, M. L. Neethling. 

{Insohency and Law Branch). 
Chief aerk, G. J. A. Reid. 

Eastern X>istriots Court.' 
Judge Président, Hon. S. T. Jones, LL.D. 
Puisne Judges, Hon. J. D. Shiel aad Hon. J. G. 

Registrar, C. KeneeJy. 
Interpréter (Dutoh), W. M. Cellier. 


Anglo-African Who's Who 


Judge Président, Hon. P. M. Laurence. 

Puisne Judges, Hon. W. M. Hopley and Hon. 

J. H. Lange. 
Registrar and Master, H. F. Ford. 
Assistant Registrar, C. Currie. 
Acting Clerk, H. N. van Aardt. 
Interpréter (Dutch), J. H. van Rooyen. 

Speciai. CouitT. 

Members of Speciai Court in addition to Judges» 
J. J. Christie and W. R. Piers. 

Soijc5Itor-Genebal*s Depabtment. 

Solicitor-General, H. L. Burke, K.C. 
Chief Clerk, C. J. Schermbrucker. 

Cbown Prosecutor's Depabtment. 

Crown Prosecutor, H. T. Tamplin, K.C. 
Acting Chief Clerk, A. J. Waters, B.A. 

Depabtment of Registbab of Deeds. — Cape 


Registrar of Deeds and Accounting Officer of 

Transfer Duty, W. de N. Lucas. 
Chief Clerk and Asst. Registrar, W. F. Le£9er. 
First Examiner, C. G. van Renen. 
Examiner, R. L. Black. 
Registry Surveyor, W. P. Murray. 
Assistant do. do., F. F. Elliott. 

Divisional Coubts and Offices. 


ce. and R.M., W. B. Magennis. 
First Clerk, F. A. Eksteen. 


ce. and R.M., F. G. C Graham. 
First Clerk, R. G. Russouw. 


ce and R.M., P. Dreyer. 
First Clerk, J. Foster. 

( VerUerstad. ) 
Assistant R.M., H. M. D. Hutchinson. 


ce and R.M., F. E. Allman. 

Aliwal North. 

ce and R.M., F. E. Wollaston. 
First Clerk, J. G. FreisUch. 

{Lady Orey). 

Assistant R.M., F. J. Lawrence. 

Barkly East, 

ce and R.M., R. C. Lolyd. 
First Clerk, I. A. Rees. 

Barkly West, 

ce and R.M., G. D. Raûnier. 
First Clerk, J. Ihrysdale. 


Assist. R.M., P. A. Garcia. 


ce and R.M., C. B. Scholtz. 

Beaufort West, 

ce and R.M., E. J. Philpott. 
First Clerk, A. A. van Breda. 


ce and R.M., H. F. O. Hewett. 
First Clerk, J. G. T. Joubert. 


ce and R.M., W. C. Scully. 

ce 8uid R.M. (Acting), H. C Becker. 

{De Aar), 
Assistant R.M., J. W. Kuys. 


ce and R.M., H. J. de W. v. Bredsk 
First Clerk, P. E. Kuys. 


ce and R.M., C W. Chabaud. 
First Clerk, H. H. R. Piers. 

Cape ce. 

Civil Cominissioner, H. R. Home. 
First Clerk, C. M. Stevens. 
Clerk and D.S., W. F. Bergh. 

Cape R.M, 

Résident Magistrate, W. M. Fleiseher, I.S.O. 
Acting Res. Magistrate, J. W. H. Ru88oaw. 
Assistant R.M., C. W. Broers. 
Acting Asst. R.M., H. O. Badnàll. 
„ „ „ W. D. S. Lotter. 
First aerk (Acting), W. J. L. McDoncJd. 

(jD' UrbanviUe), 

Assistant R.M., J. A. Smellekamp. 

Uitvliigt Native Location), 

Assistant R.M., W. G. W. Wright. 


ce and R.M., C. J. Bam. 
First aerk, F. E. G. Munschied. 


ce and R.M., C C. Campbell. 
Acting do., J. Shand. 


ce and R.M., C A. Home. 

Cape Colonial Magistracies 



ce. and R.M., P. F. Aling. 
First Clerk (Acting), E. B. Walton. 


ce. and R.M., G. H. B. Shaw. 
First Clerk, W. Harmer. 


e.e. and R.M., L. M. Harison. 
First Clerk, E. C Becker. 


Acting Asst. R.M., I. J. B. Scotland. 

Eaat London, 

ce. and R.M., A. H. Garcia. 
Acting First Clerk, J. R. Quinn. 

Fort Beaufort. 

ce. and R.M., R. Tillard. 
Acting do., C R. Vaughan. 

Acting Asst. R.M., H. W. Hermans. 

ce and R.M., F. Shaw. 

( Williaton). 
Acting Asst. R.M., L. R. Rawstome. 


ce. and R.M., C R. Haw. 
Acting do., J. C Stapleton. 
First Clerk, A. G. de Smidt. 

Olen Orey. 

Acting ce. and R.M., F. C Garstin. 
First Cierk, D. N. During. 


ce. and R.M., D. Eadie. 
First Clerk, W. P. Rousseau. 


ce. and R.M., J. A. S. Hoole. 
Acting First Clerk, E. C Middlewick. 


ce. and R.M., C H. HiUiard. 
First Clerk, J. W. White. 


ce. and R.M., C R. Chalmers. 
Acting First Clerk, L. R. P. Fennell. 


ce. and R.M., D. D. Leslie. 
First Clerk, C E. Stidolph. 


Acting ce. and R.M., E. G Lonsdale. 
First aerk, C. D. Cauipbell. 

Hope Town. 

ce. and R.M., E. R. W. Giddy. 
First Clerk, D. H. Visser. 


ce. €uid R.M., E. T. Ajiderson. 

First Clerk, J. H. Veale. 

Acting First Clerk, P. J. Solomon. 


Acting ce and R.M., J. G. de la Bat van Alphen. 
Acting First Clerk, K. R. Thomas. 


ce. and R.M., H. T. L. Maclear. 
First Clerk, C A. Pentz. 

Kimherley C.C, 

ce. €uid Reg. of Deods, J. J. Christie. 

First Clerk, T. W. Harker. 

Clerks, A. O. Hill, A. R. Brand, L. J. Taylor, 

R. C. Linton, B.A., G. H. Milles, B.A. 
Clerk (Deeds Registry), B. Shaw. 

Kimherley R.M. 

Résident Magistrate, W. R. Piers. 
Clerk and A.R.M., J. B. Fraser. 
Acting First Clerk, D. G. Tennant. 


Additional R.M., S. Tilney. 

King Williamstown. 

ce. and R.M., and Registrar of Deeds, W. B. G. 

Acting First Clerk, W. T. Welsh. 
Clerk in Charge Deeds Office, G. W. E. Rein. 

{Ketakama Hoek.) 

Assistant R.M., F. B. Gedye. 


Assistant R.M., J. G. Verity. 


ce. and R.M., W. L. Philpott. 
First Clerk, F. Kuys. 


ce. and R.M., J. H. O'Connell. 
First Clerk, D. G. E. Bergh. 


Résident Magistrate, M. J. Lyne. 


ce. and R.M., L. Neethling. 
Acting First Clerk, M. H. Gie. 

ce. and R.M., E. G. Green. 
First Clerks, E. N. Grayson, M.A., emd R. J. 


Anglo-African Who's Who 


ce. emd R.M., C. J. Sweeney. 
First Clerk, E. F. B. Schier. 


Assistant R.M., J. M. Richards. 


ce. and R.M., J. B. MofTat (absent on spécial 

ce and R.M. (acling), G. D. Rainier. 
First Clork, D. A. Stowart. 


ce and R.M., J. C P. du Toit. 
Acting do., H. E. Corser. 


Résident Magistrate, J. I. Herbert. 
Acting do., T. H. Roux. 

Moaael Bay. 

ce and R.M., R. C Ferris. 
First Clerk, H. M. Borchords. 


ce and R.M., A. B. Hofmeyr. 


ce and R.M., W. M. Eustace. 
First Qerk, H. W. Drew. 


ce and R.M., F. Wrensch. 
Acting First Clerk, E. J. le Roux. 


Assistant R.M., P. M. van dor Spuy. 


ce and R.M., C S. Nioholson. 
First Clerk, P. Wither. 

( Wellington). 

Assistant R.M., L. J. W. v. d. Poel. 


Acting ce. and R.M., A. W. H. R. Preston. 
First Clerk, J. Dorrington. 

Philippe Town. 

Acting ce and R.M., T. B. N. Miles, B.A. 
First Clerk, P. J. Hugo. 


ce and R.M., G. J. Boyes. 
First Clerk, K. R. Stewart. 


Acting Assistant R.M., P. G. Fischer. 

Port Elizaheth. 

ce and R.M., J. T. Wylde. 
Acting First CÙerk, H. A. van Bart. 

{New Brighton), 

Asst. R.M., J. T. A. Verschuor. 

PoH NoUoth. 

R.M., F. Howe-Browne. 
Acting R.M., J. H. Neethling. 


ce and R.M., H. E. Gadd. 
First Clerk, J. R. Cellarius. 
Chief Constable, E. Mansfield. 

Prince Albert. 

ce and R.M., J. Ford. 
First aerk, W. A- B. Rowan. 


Acting R.M., H. F. J. Borcherds. 


ce and R.M., E. B. Chalmers. 
First aerk, W. N. Kuys. 


Assistfiuit R.M., A. C van Renen. 


ce and R.M., J. A. Gibbs. 
Acting First Clerk, N. Lacey. 


ce and R.M., C. J. Roux. 
First Clerk, J. S. de Wet. 


ce and R.M., J. C Gie. 
First Clerk, F. Russouw. 

Simon* a Totvn, 

Résident Magistrate, M. J. Jaxskson. 
First Clerk, J. Tudor. 

Someraet EaaU 

Acting ce €uid R.M., G. E. Syme. 
First Clerk, P. B. Borcherds. 


Assistant R.M., A. C Harmsworth. 


Acting ce and R.M., R. R. B. Howe. 
First aerk, A. P. G. B. Legg. 

(Someraet Weat), 

Acting Assistant R.M., J. A. van S. D'Olivelra. 


ce and R.M., W. G. Bellairs. 
First aerk, C R. Norton. 


Résident Magistrate, S. D. aoete. 

ce and R.M., H. E. Marshall. 


Cape Magistracies and Police 


ce. and R.M., F. E. Philpott. 
First Clerk, M. W. R. Rushton. 

ce. and R.M., G. van R. Philpott. 


ce. and R.M., A. F. Robertson. 
First Qerk, e. G. B. Borcherds. 


ce. and R.M., H. M. Blakeway. 
First Clerk, T. H. Bain. 


Résident Ma^strate, V. E. P. Bradshaw. 


ce. and R.M., W. Hare. 
First Clerk, S. C Chase. 


ce. and R.M., C G. H. Bell, CM.G. 
First Clerk, J. F. de Wet. 


ce. and R.M., J. F. Joubert. 

Van RhyrCs Dorp. 

ce. and R.M., M. H. Woodifield. 

Victoria Eaat. 
ce. and R.M., J. B. van Renen. 
First Clerk, E. H. Samuels. 

Victoria West. 
ce. and R.M., E. C A. Welsh. 
First Clerk, J. G. Rose-Innes. 


ce. and R.M. and Registrar of Deeds, F. M. W. 

First Clerk, H. H. Hudson. 


ce. and R.M., J. D. Hugo. 
First Clerk, S. P. Court. 

ce. and R.M., R. J. Crozier. 
First Clerk, J. W. Mitchell. 

Assist. R.M. (prov.), H. H. Roberts. 

ce. and R.M., G. G. Rainier. 
First Clerk, R. C. Norton. 

Résident Magistrate, G. B. Williams. 
First aerk, C P. de Villiera. 

Relieving Staff, 
Relieving CC. and R.M., A. B. van Reyneveld» 

Relieving Officers, D. May, W. D. S. I 
E. H. v€ui Noorden, J. F. Herbs, W. 

Detbotive Depabtment, Kimbeble 

Chief of Department, Capt. H- A. Jenner. 
Chief Clerk, E. H. Damant. 

Cape Police. 

District No. 1. 

Commissionor, H. L. Davies. 

Administrative Branch, 

Paymaster, A. E. Catherine. 
Acting Paymaster, S. H. Hoal. 

ExectUive Branch. 

District Inspecter, A. E. F. Kropf. 

Inspectors, J. N. Neyian, D.S.O., A. P. Tai 
W. M. Schenk,'^C. T. Rayner, C. S. 'È/. 
e. C Wooler. A. C Wilson, C W. I 
W. R. Bovey, F. W. H. Gillwald, ) 
Bridge, F. W. Harvey and W. C 

Médical Officer, B. Blaine. 

Educational Instructor, G. Hawke. 

District No. 2. 

Commissioner, M. B. Robinson, CM.G. 
Acting Commissioner, F. A. H. EUott. 

Administrative Branch. 

Paymaster, P. M. Wright. 
Chief Clerk, C E. Kidger. 

Executive Branch. 

District Inspecter, J. W. Browne, D.S.O. 

Acting District Inspector, C A. L. Berr 

Inspectors, W. E. Ayliff, R. F. Neale-Sl 
A. D. Murray, A. S. Legg, W. W. 1 
J. T. White, W. H. Davis, E. M. F 
D. Cowieson, T. M. Davidson. 

Acting Médical Officer, J. Mathias. 

Veterinary Surgeon, J. McNiel. 

Médical Officer (temp), J. H. Elmes. 

District No. 3. 
Acting Commissioner, M. B. Robinson, C 
(Commissioner Cape Police, District S 

Administrative Branch. 
Paymaster, F. W. Metelerkamp. 
Chief aerk, R. R. Swan. 

Executive Branch. 
District Inspector, R. M. Crawford. 
Inspectors, G. Easton, A. Bâtes, E. W. V 
C E. W. Spencer and P. Stuart (Prov 
Médical Officer (Acting), H. A Engelbach. 
Acting Vet. Surgeon, J. A. Piokwell. 


Anglo-African Who's Who 


CoM MISSION kr' s Office. 

Commisrtionor, Dr. Hon. T. W. Smtirtt. 

8<h;. for Piil)lic Works, C. L. W. MnnmTiih. 

AsHt. Soc. f4»r Public Works. C W. T. Duminy. 

Chief Clerk, C. G. Reynoldf*. 

Principal Clerks, A. Gracio and W. Morkel. 

ClerkiK, R. A. Hommcn»?, D. W. Mnnning, J. W. 
Duminy, F. E. CaufioM. J. S. Bl*u,'khouse, 
B.A., T. J. A. Rifller, und othcrff. 

Acvounting Braruh, 

Asst. to Accounting OHicor, C. T. Simpson. 

Accountant, A. Rell. 

SpcHïial Enquiry Ollicer, J. Easton. 

Public Works Dhpartmext. 

Chief Inspector, J. Nowey, M.I.C.E., F.I. 

Administrative and Corrcspondcnce Brauch. 

Chief Clerk. A. C. Tottlo. 
Principal Clerk. A. S. Weibl>eokcr. 

Account lug B ranch. 

Asst. Accountant and Doptl. Auditor of Revenue, 

P. Janisch. 
Second Asst. Accountant. K. N. de Kock. 
Examincrs of Account s, A I. Smuts, H. A. Spain. 

Architectural Branch. 

Architectural Assistant, A. G. Howard, M.S.A* 
Architectiu-al AssistautB and Draughtsmen» 

W. R. Jaggard, A.R.I.B.A., W. J. Shaw- 

Rouse, D. W. Crawford and E. Sohaufel- 

Principal Clérical Asst.. J. H. Easton. 
Clerks of Worica, C. F. V. Huugluuii, H. G. B. 

Draughtsmen, F. Quy, M. S. A., M. N. C. Boult 

and E. H. Woodcock, A.M.S.A. 

Engineering Branch. 

Engineer, W. Westhofen, M. T. CE. 
Assistant Engineer, W. Craig, A.M.I.C.E. 

Stores Branch. 
Storekeeper, V. Fox. 

Officiai Viaitors to LighthouAcs. 

Roman Rock, Cape Point, Capt. T. Bjrnon. 
Hood Point, Cdpt. L. A. Miinn. 
Cape St. Blaize, Capt. J. L. Dryden. 
P. E., Cape Receiffo, and Bird laland, E. B. 

FiM B^àhliéhmmU. 

Assistant Engineen, P. Aiihenden, A.BCI.GIE^ 
T. W. W. Perry, F. C O'Brien aad R. W. 

Résident Engineer (Mossel Bay), F. W.WaldnMU 

ReHÎdent Engineer (Breede River)» T. EL Soaiia. 

Diêtriet No. l, €apt Tovm. 
Inspector of Roads, B. Bromley. 

District No. 2, King Wittiamatown, 

Inspector of Roads, W. L. TroUip. 

Asst. Inspector of Roads, H. A. Fuiir» A.M.I.GLE. 

Accountant, A. Iblillard. 

Clerk of Works (Barkly Eaet), W. Bimie, aeii. 

„ (Great Rei Road